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Full text of "The annals of Albany"

I VEULTTJ W,<tVOI 

; ARBOR 



Presented to the 

LIBRARY of the 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 

by 

OIITAP.IO LEGISLATIVE 





FIRST REFORMED PROTESTANT DUTCH CHURCH. 
ERECTED 1797. 




61 



766 







^4=B 



. 



ANNALS OF ALBANY 



BY JOEL MUNSELL. 



VOL. IX. 



. 

*>^^ | 

^ 



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^'A'W/S 



ALBANY: 




:EN 

\ **- 



MUNSELL & ROWLAND, -PRINTERS; 

1858 



PREFACE. 



While we are rejoicing over the great achievement of 
the day in the transmission of intelligence by electricity 
between distant continents and our own, it may be in- 
teresting to note the advantages of our predecessors in 
this respect, in less progressive times. The City Records 
in this volume embrace the period between the years 
1726 and 1731. At that time and. for many years after- 
wards, it will be found that in cases of emergency, when 
it was necessary to have speedy communication with 
New York, the authorities still sent off their despatches 
by a canoe. The Notes from the Newspapers embrace 
about the same period of time a century later, when the 
winged messenger of news was the steam boat. These 
no longer boasted of going through by daylight, they now 
made the passage in a little more than nine hours. How 
much more rapidly improvements and discoveries go 
forward, we are able to comprehend in reviewing the 



iv Preface. 

m 

achievements of the last quarter of a century. It is no 
longer doubted that we shall soon have intelligence from 
all parts of the earth, of its daily occurrences, on the 
same day in which they happen. 

Since personal history is becoming more particularly 
the object of research, to satisfy genealogical inquiry, 
among other things, the scanty gleanings we have been 
able to make from the resources whence these pages are 
drawn, will be found not wholly profitless. Their scan- 
tiness, however, should serve to teach the living the im- 
portance of more suitable memorials for those who are 
continually departing. The remembrance of men perishes 
almost as soon as their bodies, and the care of friends 
provides only a brief inscription upon a tombstone. The 
newspapers are convenient, receptacles for suitable 
mementos, yet they are seldom to be found there. A 
single line under the obituary head, often without date, 
or age, not unfrequently merely a formal invitation to 
attend a funeral, is all the hint we have of their depart- 
ure. If it were an object to cap the remembrance of 
their exit with an extinguisher, it could hardly be more 
gracefully done. Forced to rely upon such imperfect 
records, the obituary notices which we have to offer, 
are often necessarily unsatisfactory. 

We have from time to time published the opinions and 



Preface. v 

speculations of foreigners upon the city and its manners 
and customs. These are not always palatable, perhaps 
not always justly drawn; but they serve to correct 
faults which we do not observe in ourselves, to point 
out improvements, and to throw much new light upon 
objects which are too near to be discerned in their 
true colors. If there are any so obtuse as not to be able 
to see these qualities in the criticisms of our sojourners, 
they may possibly find amusement in the singular and 
mistaken notions into which they sometimes fall. 

It is determined to close this work with the next 
volume, although so much remains unpublished. Neither 
the form nor capacity of these volumes are suited to the 
magnitude of the subject, and it is contemplated, if any 
thing further is undertaken in this connection, to present 
it under a different arrangement. 






CO NTBNTS. 



The City Records, 9 

A List of the Heads of Families, 1697, 81 

Biographical Memoirs of Physicians in Albany 

County, 90 

Schenectady, 116 

De Vries in Albany, 124 

Father Jogue's Account of Rensselaerwyck, , 130 

The Mohawk Indians, 132 

Notes from the Newspapers, 145 

J. S. Buckingham in Albany, 284 

City of Albany in 1823, 328 

Annals of the Year 1857, 332 



ILLUSTKATIONS. 



Steam Boat Victory, , ". 152 

West View of the General Market in 1819, 154 

Female Seminary, , 171 

First Catholic Church, 180 

Portrait of John V. Henry, 193 

Fourth Presbyterian Church, 210 

St. Mary's Church, 216 

Albany Academy, 293 

Female Academy, 295 



ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



THE CITY BECOBDS. 

Continued from vol. viii, p. 312. 



At a Common Council! held on y e 10th Day of August, 
for y e City of Albany Present, Johannis Cuyler, 
Esq., Mayor, Rutger Bleecker, Esq., Recorder, Jo- 
hannis Pruyn, Hendrick Roseboom, Barent Sanders, 
Johannis Tenbroeck, Dirck Tenbroeck, Esq'rs, Al- 
dermen, Barent Bradt, Isaack Fonda, Tobias Ryck- 
man, Johannis Bleecker, Assistants. 
By y e Mayor, Aldermen and Comonalty of the City of 
Albany. 

Whereas by an ordinance made the 19th day of March 
172| , it was amongst other things ordained that some 
streets and lanes in the city and Albany were to be well 
paved on or before y e 1st and 15th of this instant. Now 
at y e request of severall of y Inhabitants of y e said city 
and other sufficient causes, 

Be it Ordaind that all manner of Persons whome the 
said ordinance concerns are allowed further time till y e 
1st of September for finishing y e same. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 22d Day of August 1726. 

It is Resolved that advertisements be put up at the 
most public places of this city that all person or persons 
who have any just Demands due from y e said city bring 
in their accounts to Barent Bratt, Treasurer of said city 
on or before y e 22d Day of September next ensuing. 

[Annals, ix.] 2 



10 The City Records. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 27th Day of September 1726. 
Whereas we hare of late had a long and hard rain 
which have occasioned high water so that there is no 
flood in the river, wherefore 'tis feared y e Sloops will not 
be capable to come time enough for our Court which is to 
beheld Thursday the 6th day of October next, and being 
in expectation of a new commission for our Inferior Court 
of Common Pleas, It is therefore Resolved that a mes- 
senger be dispatched to meet and speak with all Sloops 
& to know whether they have any Commission onboard, 
and if they find none then to proceed to his Excel 1'cy pray- 
ing that his Excell'cy would be pleased to dispatch y e 
said messenger with y e said Commission. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 29th of September 1726. 

This day being appointed by y e Charter of the city of 
Albany for the aldermen of each respective ward within 
the said city to make return of y e aldermen, assistants 
and constables to serve for the ensuing year, who are as 
follows : 

First Ward. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hermanus Wendell Tobias Ryckman 

John D'Peyster Volkert Dow 

Garret Van Sante, Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Hendrick Roseboom Johannis Rosebocm, Jun. 

Barent Sanders Johannis Bleecker, Jun. 

Luycas Johan's Wyngaert, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Dirk Tenbroeck Barent Bradt 

Peter Winne Isaack Fonda 

JellisDeGarmoy, Constable. 

Barent Bradt is appointed Chamberlain by the Com- 
mon Councill for y e ensuing year and Jeremiah Parmiter 
is appointed High Constable for y ensuing year. 



The City Records. 11 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this llth Day of October 1726. 

Mr. Evert Wendell appeared this day in Common 
Councill and delivered in his acco lt which amounted to 
twenty-six pounds and five shillings and after some de- 
bate it was agreed for y e summ of twenty-one pounds, and 
further the Common Councill .(this day) agree to give 
the said Evert Wendell a retaining fee of three pounds 
for y e corporation of Albany against all manner of per- 
sons whatsoever, of which Mr. Evert Wendell accepted. 
This Day allowed and approved the following accounts 
& issued a warrant to the treasurer of the city of Albany 
for the payment thereof, being one hundred and fifty-four 
pounds four shillings and six pence half penny, viz d 
To Jeremiah Van Rensselaer for firewood, &c of the last 
year to y e 29th of September last and one 
fat sheep - - 10: 0: 

To Phil : Livingston, pr agreement - - 15:18:0 
To Augustinus Turck, 7:10, firewood 20s. 8:10: 

To Jacob Egmont 13:10: 

To Johannis Seger, 9:3:9, item, 3s. - - 9: 6: 9 
To Rachel wife of John Redlef - - 5: 0: 

To Hermanus Wendell by ball: of his acc lt , 
house rent included to the 1st day of 
May 1726 - ... 18:10:10J 

To Johannis Cuyler, pr acc u - 1 1: 0: 

To Johannis Pruyn - - - 1: 4: 

To Hendrick Roseboom for Elizabeth, widow 

of Daniel Brat - - - 8: 

To Johannis Tenbroeck 3: 7: 

To Dirck Tenbroeck - - 1:17: 6 

To John De Peyster for John Brumly - - 1:16:2 

To Barent Bratt 1: 1: 

To Isaac Fonda - 1: 6: 

To Dirck Bratt 4:16: 3 

To Goose Van Schaick - - - - 4: 9: 
To Leonard Gansevoort - - - - 1: 8: 6 
To Johannis Wendell - ... 2:10: 

Carried over 115:18;OOJ 



12 The City Records. 

Brought over 1 15:18:00 \ 

To Cornelius and Johannis Masen - ' 2:11: 

To Jacob Beekman ... 6: 6 

Sarah, widow of Hendrick Gravenraet - 12:0 

To Joseph Van Sante 2: 3 

To John Redlef 3: 9 

To Adam Van Den bergh - - - 6: 3 

To William Hogan, 3:2:6, item 1:11:9 4:14: 3 

ToJohnProsie 1:19:0 

To John Dunbarr 2: 3: 

To Johannis Becker - ... 7: 6 

To Ever Wendell's acco" as per agreement 21: 0: 
To Do Wendell a retaining fee for y e Corpo- 
ration against all manner of persons 

whatsoever 3: 0: 

To John Collins for a fee ag 1 Isaac Trtiax in 

1724 for y e Corporation 1: 0: 

154:04:6J 

At a Common Councill held at the City hall of Albany 
this 14th Day of October 1726. 

This Day being appointed by the Charter of the city 
of Albany for the aldermen, assistants and constables of 
y e said city to be sworn who are sworn as followeth for 
y e ensuing year. 

First Ward. Hermanns Wendell, John Depeyster, 
Esq'rs, Aldermen ; Tobias Ryckman, Volkert Dow, As- 
sistants. 

Second Ward. Hendrick Roseboom, Esq., Alderman; 
John Roseboom, Jun'r, Job's Bleecker Jun'r, Assistants. 

Third Ward. Dirck Tenbroeck, Esq'r, Alderman ; 
Barent Bratt, Assistant, 

Likewise Barent Brat sworn as City Chamberlain or 
Treasurer ; and Jeremiah Permiter sworn as High Con- 
stable of the said city for this ensuing year; and for y e 
1st ward Garret Van Sante, 2d ward, Luycas Jo's Wyn- 
gaert, 3d ward Yellis De Gardemoy , sworn as petty Con- 
stables for y e s d city. 



The City Records. 13 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 8th Day of November 1726 Present, Rutger 
Bleecker, Esq., Mayor, John De Peyster, Esq., Re- 
corder, Hermanns Wendell, Hendrick Roseboom, 
Barent Sanders, Dirck Tenbroeck,Esq's, Aldermen, 
parent Bratt, John's Bleecker, Volkert Douw, As- 
sistants. 

Whereas Thomas Williams jun'r, and William Hogan 
jun'r, was employd upon an extraordinary message to 
New York by y e Corporation, for which extraordinary 
service 'twas agreed by y e corporation to give y e said Wil- 
liams and Hogan four pounds, Resolved that an order be 
issued to y e Chamberlain for y e payment of y e same. 

And whereas Thomas Williams Esq., high sheriff of 
this city and county brings in his charges of fees in an 
action between this Corporation and Philip Verplank, 
which amounts to thirteen and sixpence, Resolved that 
an order be issued to y e Chamberlain for y 6 payment of 
y e same. 

And whereas William Hopkins, Deputy Clerk, brings 
in an acco u of fees in an action between this Corporation 
and Philip Verplank, amounting to one pound five shil- 
lings and ninepence. Resolved that an order be issued to 
y e Chamberlain for y e payment of y e same; and also 
that an order be issued to y e s d Chamberlain for y e pay- 
ment of Augustinus Turck ten shillings for fees in y e said 
action. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 10th Day af November 1726. 
This day appeared in Common Councill Joh's Seager, 
and desired that he might be continued in the office of 
Bellman for y e ensuing year, commencing the 14th of 
October last past and ending y e 14th of October next, to 
go round every other night, every hour from ten a clock 
to four in the Winter, and from ten a clock to three in 
the Summer and to call at all the usual places of the city 
what a clock and what weather it is, for the which he is to 
have ten pounds ten shillings in money and three pound 
in wood. 



14 The City Records. 

Jacob Egmont also appeared and desired the same for 
the same services as above s d , he is to have the sum of 
thirteen pounds and ten shillings, wherein is included 
three pounds for fire wood. 

Resolved that the said Seager & Egmont be continued 
in the said office of Bellmen provided they shall duly and 
truly perform y e s d office. 

Be it likewise Resolved and ordained that for each 
ward in this city be appointed two sufficient persons for 
fire masters and if the persons so appointed shall refuse 
or neglect y e said offices he or they so refusing or neg- 
lecting shall be fined thirty shillings for each offence ; and 
accordingly the following persons were appointed: 

1st WardJofrs Defreest, Egbert Bratt. 

2d Ward Teunis Slingerlandt, Gelyn Verplank. 

3d Ward Garret Lansing, Peter P. Schuyler. 

By the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of 
Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas severall persons within this city and county 
of Albany do presume to ride with sleds and horses in 
the streets of y e said city very fast and unruly, whereby 
many unhappy accidents may happen, for y e preventing 
whereof it is hereby ordained, published and declared 
that from and after the publication hereof no person or 
persons shall ride or drive any horse or horses with sled, 
waggon or cart or otherwise in the street or lanes in the 
said city faster than on a step or a very moderate trott, 
on penalty of forfeiting for every such offence the sum of 
six shillings, to be paid by y e owner, rider or driver of 
such horse, sled waggon or cart. 

Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that 
no children or other persons shall ride down any hill 
within this city on any small sleds, boards or otherwise, 
on penalty of eighteen pence for each offence, to be paid 
by y e persons transgressing or their parents or by those 
under whose care they are. 

Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid that 



The City Records. 15 

no negro or Indian slave above y e number of three do 
assemble or meet together on the Lords Day or any other 
time at any place from their masters service within this 
city or liberties thereof, and that no such slave do go 
armed at any time with gunn, sword, club or other kind 
of weapon whatsoever under penalty of being set in the 
stocks for y e space of six hours unless y e master or owner 
of such slave will pay six shillings to excuse the same. 

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, 
that no person or persons whatsoever do hereafter har- 
bour, conceal or entertain other mens slave or slaves at 
his, her or their houses or outhouses, or sell them any 
rum, beer or other strong liquors or give them any enter- 
tainment without y e consent of y e master or mistress of 
such slave or slaves shall forfeit for every such offence 
twelve shillings. 

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, 
that one of the constables of the three wards of this city 
do by turns successively on the Lords Day in the time of 
Divine service walk through the severall streets and 
lanes of this city with his staff to prevent disorders or 
irregularities and noise especially near y e church, on 
penalty not exceeding six shillings for every person above 
y e age of fifteen, and on penalty not exceeding nine 
pence for every person from y e age of eight to fifteen for 
each default, for y e behoof of y e sheriff or constable who 
shall give information of y e defaulters. 

And be it further ordained by y e authority aforesaid, 
that such of y e constables who shall be remiss or negli- 
gent in putting this ordinance in execution shall forfeit 
for every offence twenty shillings for the behoof of y e 
sheriff. 

And be it further ordained by y e authority aforesaid, 
that all y e pains, penalties and forfeitures above men- 
tioned shall be recovered before y e Mayor, Recorder or 
any of y e Aldermen of y~ said city and levied by distress 
of y e goods and chattels of y e defaulters if they refuse to 
pay, and be disposed of and paid to y e sheriff or any con- 
stable within the said city who shall give information of 



16 The City Records. 

y e defaulters aforesaid, any form, law or use of the Cor- 
poration to the contrary hereof in any wise notwith- 
standing. 



At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 26th Day of January 172f . 

Whereas somme of the Tenants at Schachkook who hold 
land under this Corporation have neglected to pay their 
Rent according to the tenure of their Indentures, It is 
therefore Resolved that if those persons who have neg- 
lected as aforesaid nor given satisfaction, do not pay y e 
same on or before y e first day of March next ensuing the 
date hereof, that they shall be prosecuted according to 
the tenour of their respective Indentures. 

Ordered that they be served with a coppy of this minit. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 5th Day of April! 1727. 

Whereas Johannis Myndertse of the Township of 
Schenectady having heretofore commenced an action 
against Johannis Pruyn, Dirck Tenbroeck, Barent San- 
ders, Hendrick Roseboom and John De Peyster, which 
being now determined in the Supream Court of y e city of 
New York against the said Johannis Pruyn, Dirck Ten- 
broeck, Barent Sanders, Hendrick Roseboom and John 
De Peyster, Whereupon an Execution is served upon the 
said Joh's Pruyn, Dirck Tenbroeck, Barent Sanders, 
Hendrick Roseboom & John De Peyster for 38:1:00, 
for damages and costs, and the sheriffs fees for serving 
the said execution and other charges amounts to 3:8:3, 
which together makes 41 :9:3. 

It is the opinion of the Common Councill that the said 
summ be paid and defrayd by this Corporation, pursuant 
to a Resolution made y e 4th day of September 1723. We 
being convinced what the above mentioned persons (as 
members of the commonalty) have done in that affair, 
was for the preservation of the liberties & privileges of 
this city, Whereupon it is Resolved that the said summ 
be taken upon interest and that the Treasurer pass his 



The City Records. 17 

bond for the same to pay the said summ with interest at 
the time mentioned in the said bond. 

Whereas William Hogan brings an acco lt into this 
Common Councill the Ballance whereof amounts to 
J62:6:7-J. Ordered that Barent Bradt, Treasurer of the 
said city pay the same. 

Whereas John Dunbarr brings an acco lt into this Com- 
mon Councill the ballance whereof amounts to 3:3:7J. 

Ordered that Barent Bradt, Treasurer of y e city of 
Albany, pay y e same. 

By the worshipful! Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & Com- 
monalty of the City of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas severall streets and Lanes in this city are so 
much lumberd and filld up with fire wood and dirt and 
out of repair, to the great grievance of the inhabitants, 
for preventing whereof Be it Ordained, Published and 
Declared by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the said City in Common Councill convened, 
and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the same, 
that all persons within the said city shall at or before y e 
15th day of this instant, Aprill, cause y e streets, lanes, 
alleys and pavements before their respective houses and 
lotts of ground to be repaired and cleared of all dirt, 
filth, dung & firewood, and so to continue to do y e same 
every fortnight following, and that all timber for building 
and coopers wood be regularly piled up on or before the 
first day of May next (timber for present building only 
excepted) all on the penalty of six shillings for every 
default on any of the articles aforesaid for the behoof of 
the sheriff, who is to sue for the same, to be recovered 
before y e Mayor or Recorder or any one of the Aldermen 
within the said city. 

Dated in Albany this 7th day of Aprill 1727. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of y e City of 

Albany this 9th Day of May 1727. 
By the worshipfull the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of y e City of Albany. 



18 The City Records. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas severall streets, lanes and alleys within this 
city of Albany want to be regulated, repaired and paved 
and some parts earth dug out and carted away and some 
other parts filled up, for y e effecting whereof 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, that all and 
every person within this said city, whose houses or 
lots front the said streets, lanes or alleys, shall at his, 
hers or their own cost and charges dig up & cart away 
earth where it shall be required and also fill up with 
earth where it shall be necessary and to pave, mend and 
repair y e said streets, lanes and alleys in such manner 
and forme and in such time as shall be ordered and di- 
rected by the authority aforesaid, or the major part of 
them, and if any person or persons shall neglect, refuse 
or delay to obey, performe and fullfillthe said orders and 
directions shall forfeit y e summ of twenty shillings for 
each default for the behoof of y e sherriff to be recovered 
before y e Mayor, Recorder or any one of y e Aldermen of 
y e said city. 

Att a Comon Councill held in y e City hall of Albany the 
19th Day of July Annoq Domini 1727. 

Whereas Barent Bratt, Treasurer of this city, in pur- 
suance of an order of Comon Councill of the 5 day of 
April last past, has taken upon intrest y c sum of fourty- 
one pounds nine shillings and threepence, Ordered that 
y e said Treasurer shall be repaid out of y e incom or mo- 
ney which shall be rec'ed for the use of this Corporation 
to Defra y e said debt. 

In Pursuance of an Ordinance of the Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Comonality of this city of Albany pub- 
lished y e 9th day of May 1727, It is this day ordered and 
directed y l y e street between Leendert Gansevoort and Jan 
Everse leading to the River be full paved from one side 
to the other from y e frount of Bruers street and so east- 
wards as far as y e east side of the Coepers shop of Jan 
Everse so y l there be a reasonable desent to vent y e water 
towards y e River, to be finished at or before y e 15th day 



The City Records. 19 

of September next insuing, on forfeiture of twenty shil- 
lings for each default, pursuance of the aforementioned 
ordinance. 

It is also ordered y t y e pavement in y e lane or street 
between the lotts of Jacob Lansing and Jacob Visser in 
the third ward of this city be taken up where it shall be 
wanting & earth taken out 20 inches on y e west end of 
y e said street & so in perportion and repaired so y l there 
be a sufficient desent to vent y e water into Bruers street, 
to be finished at or before y e 15th day of August next 
insuing, on forfeituer of twenty shillings for each default 
pursuance the aforementioned ordinance. 

It is also ordered y l the street or lane between the 
second and third ward between the severall lotts of 
Abraham Cuyler, Nuklaes Bleecker and Johannis Cuyler 
on y e west side, Sam'l Pruien, Jacob Muller, Peter Winne, 
Wessel Ten Broeck, Johannis Pruien and Jacob Lan- 
sing on y e east side be cleared and sufficiently paved from 
y e one side to the other where it is out of repair and 
wanting, by y e owners whose lotts fronts y e said lane, so 
y l there be a desent at least of 20 inches to vent the 
water in the lane between Jacob Lansing and Jacob Visser, 
to be finished at or before y e 15th day of September next 
insuing, on forfeituer of twenty shillings for each default 
pursuance y e aforementioned ordinance. 

It is also ordered y l y e ground adjoining the lotts of 
Johan's Bleecker Jun'r, Jurrejan Hogen, Hendrick Rose- 
boom Jun'r, Johan's Roseboom and Abraham Lansing on 
y e west side of their lotts in y e second ward of this city 
belevelet and earth taken out where it shall be wanting, 
so y l there be a sufficient desent to vent y e water to 
Foxses Creek, to be finished and done by y e owners or 
tenants of y e said lotts, each respectively behind their 
lotts at or before y e 15th day of August next insuing, on 
forfetuer of twenty shillings for each default, pursuance 
the aforementioned ordinance. 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of Albany y c 
28th Day of July 1727. 



20 The City Records. 

By the worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
ComaJity of the City of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas there is a drain in Parrall street in y e second 
ward which vents its water into y e lott of ground of Jo- 
hannis Beeckman Jun'r, which as is complained of is a 
great hinderance to the said Johannis Beekman Jun'r in 
y e building on y e s d lott, & as we are informed the s d 
water comes out the severall Sailers of Cornells Van 
Scherluylen, Johannis Groesbeeck, Benjamin Egberts, 
Johanns Roseboom, the heirs of Dirck Wesselse deceased 
and Johannis Visher by their several drains comming in 
the first mentioned drain, it is therefore ordered that 
such owners or tenants whose drain vents its water into 
the afores d drain shall lay the said drain so y l it be dis- 
tance at least twelf foot on ye west side of y e s d Lott of 
Jchannis Beeckman Jun'r, and that it vent its water in 
the middle of the street between Johannis Beeckman 
Jun'r and Anthony Van Schaick Jun'r, on or before the 
eighth day of August now next ensuing, on forfeiture of 
twenty shillings for each person that shall be found in 
default, and ten shillings for every week after y e eighth 
day of August untill the said drain be laid as afores d , for 
the behoof of the sherriff to be Recovered before y e 
Mayor, Recorder & Aldermen or any two of them. 

It is further ordered if any stone, wood or lomber 
lay in the way to hinder the said work shall be removed 
and taken away by the owners therof when required by 
the makers of the s d Drain on forfeiture of six shillings 
for each, Day, to be recovered as aforesaid. Dated in 
the City hall of Albany this twenty eighth Day of July 
in the thirteenth year of his Maj's Reign, Annoq Domini 
1727. 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

the 26th Day of September Annoq Domini 1727. 
After advertisements having been put up at the most 
public places of this city that persons who had any just 
demands on this city should bring in their accou'ts and 



The City Records. 21 

demands on or before the 25th instant unto BarentBratt, 
City Treasurer, whereupon the said accounts and de- 
mands being this day examined and allowed in Comon 
Councill amounting to ninety one pound nineteen shillings 
seven pence halfpenny, and a warrant isued to the Trea- 
surer for the payment thereof accordingly, viz : 
To Jeremiah Van Rensselaer for fire wood, &c., of y e 

last year to y e 29th of September last 

and one fat sheep - - - 1 0:00:00 

To Philip Livingston, per agreement 15:18:00 
To August's Turck, 1 : 10, fire 20s. - - 8:10 :00 
To Jacob Egmont for one year sellery as Bell- 

mn a and for fire wood together - - 13:10:00 
To Joha's Seger, Bellman, do - - 13:10:00 
To Rachel, wid' w of John Redliff - 6 :00 :00 

To Harmanus Wendell for one years House 

Rent expired y e first of May 1727 - 7:10 :00 



4:16:03 

3:19:06 

3:03:07J 

2:02:09 

2:1L:04 

0:13:01J 

0:15:00 



To Dirck Bratt 

To Johannis Ten Broeck 

To Anna Kitsenaers 

To John Dunbar 

To William Hogan 

To John Rosie 

To Joh's Lansingh 



Att a meting of y e Recorder, Aldermen and Assistants 
at the City hall of Albany this 29th Day of Septem- 
ber Annoq. Do. 1727. 

This Day being appointed by y e Charter of y e City of 
Albany for the Aldermen of each respective ward within 
the said city to make Return of y e Aldermen, Assistants 
and Constables to serve for y e ensuing year, who are as 
follows : 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Harmanus Wendell Tobias Ryckman 

Ryer Garretse Henry Holland, Jun'r 

Johannis V. Der Heyden, Constable. 
[Annals, ix.] 3 



22 The City Records. 

Second Ward. 

Hendrick Roseboom Gysbert Roseboom 

Barent Sanders Gerrit Roseboom Jun'r 

Gerrit A. Lansingh, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Dirck Ten Broeck Johan's Ostrander 

Peter Winne Gerrit G. Lansingh 

Evert Jacobse Evertse, Constable. 
Barent Bratt is appointed Chamberlain by this meting 
for y e ensuing year, and Jellis De Garmoy is appointed 
high Constable for the ensuing year. 

Att a meeting of y e Recorder, Aldermen and Assistants 
at y e City hall of Albany this 14th October, Anno 
Do. 1727. 

This Day being appointed by the Charter of the City 
of Albany for the Aldermen, Assistants & Constables of 
the said city to be sworn, who are sworn as followeth 
for the ensuing year: 

Aldermen For the first ward, Harmanus Wendell, 
Reyer Gerritse, Esq'rs ; for the second ward, Hend'k 
Roseboom, Barent Sanders ; for the third ward, Dirck 
Ten Broeck. 

Assistants For the first ward, Tobias Ryckman ; for 
the second ward, Gysbert Roseboom, Gerrit Roseboom; 
for the third ward, Gerrit G. Lansing, Johan's Ostrande. 

High Constable Jellis D. Germoy. 

Constable For the second ward, Gerrit A. Lansing. 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City of Albany the 24th 
Day of October Annoq Domini 1727 Present, Rut- 
ger Bleecker, Esq'r, Mayor, Harmanis Wendell, 
Hendrick Roseboom, Barent Sanders, Dirck Ten 
Broeck, Peter Winne, Esq s, Aldermen ; Toby as Ryck- 
man, Johannis Ostrander, Gerrit Lansing, Jun'r, 
Gysbert Roseboom, Garrit Roseboom, Jun'r, Henry 
Holland, Jun'r, Assistants. 

^ Resolved, the same day by y e Comon Councill to peti- 
tion the General Assembly to enable the said Comon 
Councill by an act of s d General Assembly to raise the 



The City Records. 23 

sum of forty pounds yearly for the term of five years for 
defraying the necessary charges of this city, viz : 

To the Honorable y e General Assembly of the Province 
of New York. 

The humble Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen & Assist- 
ants of the city of Albany, in Common Councill, most 
Humbly sheweth, 

That the yearly income of y e City Corporation doth 
not amount to as much as will defray the necessary 
charges of the said city ; 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray y l it may be 
enacted by the General Assembly that y e Mayor, Alder- 
men and Assistants for the time being may be enabled to 
raise by taxes yearly for the time and space of five years 
a certain sum, not exceeding forty pounds, and to have 
leave to bring in a bill accordingly, and your petitioners 
as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 

Albany, the 24th October 1727. 

It is further Resolved y l the freeholders of y e city of 
Albany who have Lands or Grounds fronting on y e East 
near or to Hudsons River be desired to produce their 
titles to y e same in order y l y e Common Council may be 
the better enabled to consider of finding out proper ways 
and means for docking and regulateing of streets on the 
east thereof along Hudsons River, and that such titles be 
produced in Common Council at the City hall of this city 
on the 10th day of November next. 

Att A Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 29th Day of November Annoq Domini 1727. 

Be it Resolved & Ordained y l for each ward in this 
city be appointed two sufficient persons for fire masters 
and if the persons so appointed shall refuse or neglect- 
ing shall be fined thirty shillings for each offence. And 
accordingly the persons where appointed are viz : 

For the first ward, Hendrick Halen Beeck, Johan's 
Van Olinda; second ward, Myndert Geveren, Johan's 
De Garmoy; and third ward, Benjamin Bratt, Jesse De 
Frest. 



24 The City Records. 

This Day appeared in Common Council Jacob Egmont 
& desired he might be continued in the office of Bellman 
for y e ensuing year, commencing the 14th of October last 
past and ending y e 14th October next, to go round every 
other night every hour from ten a clock to four in the 
Winter and from ten a clock to three in the Summer and 
to call at all the usual places of the city what a clock and 
what weather it is, for the which he is to have the sum 
of thirteen pounds and ten shillings wherein is included 
three pounds for fire wood. 

And the mayor informs this Common Council that 
Joh's Zeeger has requested him to continue in the same 
office for the ensuing year from y e 14th of October last 
past and ending the 14th October next ensuing, for which 
service he is to have ten pounds and ten shillings in mo- 
ney and three pounds in wood. 

Whereas John De Peyster, Esq'r brings an account into 
this Common Council for eight shillings and Mattheus 
Flansburgh brings an ace 1 into this Common Council for 
one pound & four shillings. 

Ordered y l the Treasurer of the City of Albany pay 
the same. 

It is likewise ordered y l the Treasurer pays the sum 
of four shillings to Augustinis Turck for service done 
for the Corporation. 

It was Resolved at this meeting to publish the follow- 
ing ordinance : 

By the worshipful Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Assistants of the City of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas several persons within the city and county of 
Albany do presume to sell Strong Liquor by retail with- 
out being duly lycensed or without speaking to any of 
the magistrates within the said city that they are enclin'd 
to take such Lycense, It is therefore Resolved by the 
mayor, recorder, aldermen and assistants of the said city 
to ordain, publish and declare and it is hereby ordained, 
published and declard that no person or persons within 
the s d city or county shall sell or dispose of any Strong 



The City Records. 25 

Liquor by retail unless he, she or they shall be duly Ly- 
censed by the mayor of the s d city on penalty of five 
pounds for each default & during the absence of the s d 
mayor y* who are enclind to take such Lycense do ac- 
quaint the Recorder of y e s d city therew* and those who 
he approves to be proper and able persons may sell by 
retail during the absence of the mayor, & no other person 
or persons whatsoever on the like penalty of five pounds 
for y e use of any person or persons y l shall sue for the 
same. Given in Albany this 29th day of Novemb. in the 
first year of his Maj's Reign Annoq. Domini 1727. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 30th Day of November Annoq. Domini 1727. 

Whereas the mayor haveing yesterday by Augustinus 
Turck, Marchel of this city, warned two Gentleman re- 
siding at the house of Mayesen Hunn not to sell or dis- 
pose of any merchandizes by retail, nevertheless it appears 
they have not regarded the s d warning and have disposed 
of merchandizes by retail as appears by information on 
oath of Daniel Hogan to whome they have sold this day 
a pocket book for two shillings and three pence and to 
Joha's Lansing 83 yds of Ribon at 9 pence pr yd and seven 
prs of Gloves for twelf shillings, Resolved y l the s' ! per- 
sons be sent for to appear here before this board forth- 
with ; they appeared accordingly and where fined twelf 
shillings, which they paid. 

Whereas Dirck Ten Broeck Esq'r brings in an accou* 
at this Common Council of sixteen pounds nineteen shil- 
lings and one pence, which was lodge d in his hands, for 
which he has rendered an accou 1 of the disbursement of 
fifteen pounds seven shillings & one pound twelf shillings 
and one pence, being the ballance of the above sixteen 
pounds nineteen shillings and one pence, which he has 
delivered here in Common Council, ordered y e same be 
left with y e City Treasurer. 

W'hereas several of the Tenants at Schahkook who 
hold land under this corporation have neglected to pay 
their rents according to the ten our of their indentures, 



26 The City Records. 

It is therefore Resolved that if those persons who have 
neglected as aforesaid nor given satisfaction do not pay 
or give sufficient security for the same on or before the 
15th of January next ensuing the date hereof that they 
shall be prosecuted according to the tenour of their re- 
spective Indentures. 
Resolved that they shall be served with a copy hereof. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 31st Day of Jan'y Annoq Domini 172i. 

This day appeared in Common Council Joachim Van 
Der Heyden and offered to sale the land at Schachtekook 
now in his possessions to the s d Comon Council accord- 
ing to the tennor of the Indentures, but they not thinking 
meet to purchase the same, have unanimously agreed y* 
y e same to Hendrius Roelisse Vander Wercke, provided 
y l the Land remains liable to pay or discharge y e yearly 
acknowledgement in arrear to y 8 first of March 172f . 

It is also agreed by y e s d Common Council y l the s d 
Joachim Vander Heyden be acquited and discharged from 
the acknowledgement which he was to have paid in y e 
year 1737, having had y e misfortune to have his house 
and barn burnt down to y e Ground. 

It is also Resolved y l y e Chamberlain of this city do 
pay y e several creditors of this city, viz : Augustus Turck, 
Rachell Ranliff, Joha's Seager and other small debts, in 
wheat at y 6 curr 1 price. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 15th Day of March Annoq Domini 172f. 

A Petition presented in the Common Council which is 
as follows: 

To the worshipfull Mayor, Recorder , Aldermen and 
Comonalty of the city of Albany. 

The humble Petition of Joh*s Knickerbacker, Lewis 
Viele, Dirck Van Vechte and John Groesbeeck. 

Whereas there is a fitt Creek at Schaahkook within 
the bounds of land belonging to the Corporation of the 
said city fitt for a Sawmill, and your Petitioners being 



The City Records. 2? 

inclind to build such a mill on a fall on s d Creek for their 
use and the neighborhood 

Wherefore your Petitioners most humbly pray y l your 
worships will be pleased to grant them liberty to erect 
such a mill with previledge to cutt and ride saws logs out 
of y e Land of y 9 s d Corporation on such reasonable terms 
as your worships shall seem reasonable, and your Peti- 
tioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. 
J. k. BACKER 
JOHANNIS GROESBEECK 

syn 

LEWIS + VIELE 
merk 

syn 
DIRCK V. + VAN VECHTE. 

merk 

It is Resolved y l the said petition be taken in consid- 
eration. 
Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this nineth Day of April Annoq Domini 1728. 
A Petition presented in Common Council which is as 
follows : 

1728 March 26th. To the Mayor, Recorder, Alder- 
men and Commonalty of the city of Albany. 
Gentlemen, my humble Request is that if there be a 
lott of ground to be disposed of next to Gerrit Van San- 
tens, south of his lott & west of y e Block house, to con- 
tain six rod in length & thirty foot broad (for ready 
money) I hope I may have the first offer & shall remaine 
your obliged servant. JOHANNIS KIDDENIE. 

It is Resolved y' y e s d Petition be taken in considera- 
tion. 

A Petition presented in Common Council which is as 
follows : 

To the worshipfull y e Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 

Commonalty of the city of Albany. 
The humble Petition of Pieter Fonda. 

Whereas there is a pece of Ground in the city belong- 
ing to the Corporation on the north side of y e house & 



28 The City Records. 

lott of Abraham Lansing, & y'r Petitioner being inclynd 
to buy the same for to build thereon, 

Wherefore y'r Petitioner most humble pray y 4 y'r wor- 
ships will be pleased to lett him have a lott thereof about 
30 foot in y e front & in length as long as the lott of said 
Lansing on such a reasonable prys as your worships shall 
think reasonable, y'r petitioner as in duty bound shall 
ever pray. PIETER FONDA. 

Albany y e 9 Ap'l 1728. 

Att a Common Council held in y e City hall of Albany 
this 13th Day of April Annoq Domini 1728. 

Wynant V. D. Bergh appeared in person before this 
Common Council & requested to purchase a certain parcel 
of Ground seituate lying in Foxes Creek, and bounded on 
the east by y e pasture ground of the heirs of William 
Gysbertse, in length westward 15 rod in breadth 7 rod 
Ryland masure. Resolved the s d Wynant shall have the 
said Ground for the sume of twenty five pounds to be 
payed one half thereof in October next ensuing and the 
other half thereof in October then next, provided there 
be a road left on y e - south side along y e said ground and 
paying y e charges of writeing. 

That y e conveyance be granted for y c same accordingly 
to be executed by y e Mayor of the city. 

Peter Bogert, Anthony Bratt, Peter C. Schuyler and 
Gysbert Roseboom by there Petition dated y e 13th of 
April ano. 1728 sett forth y l there is a piece of ground 
lying & being within y e city limites on y e south side of 
Foxes Creeke thereunto adjoining oposite to y e west part 
of y e pasture ground of y e heirs of Will. Gybertse V. D. 
Bergh, containing in length ten rod & in breadth south 
& north five rod Ryland measure, being fitt for tan yards 
and pitts, & y'r Petitioners being inclyned to by y e same 
for there use, & humble prays y l they may have y e same 
at such resouable consideration as y e Common Council 
shall seem most fitt & resonable: Resolved y l y e Petition- 
ers shall have y e s d Ground for y e sume of twelf pounds 
and paying y e charges of writeing, that y e conveyance be 



The City Records. 29 

granted for y e same accordingly, to be executed by the 
Mayor of y e city. 

A Petition of Abegel Verplanck being presented heirin 
Common Council to purchage a pece of Ground belong- 
ing to the city lying in the second ward of this city be- 
hind y e lott of Johan's Harmse Visher & to y e south of 
y e lott of y e said Verplanck, being 10 or 15 foott in y e 
front & in length as y e said lott of y e s d Verplanck. 

Resolved y l y e s d Petition be taken in consideration. 

A Petition of John Oliver being presented heir in 
Common Council for to purchage a lott of Ground lying 
between Joh's Radliff& y e widow Casperse. 

Resolved y l y e s d petition be taken in consideration. 

John Masen V. Bloemendal appeared in person before 
this Common Council, requested to purchage a certain 
small peice of Ground seituate & lying in y e second ward 
to y e north of y e lott of y e s d Jan Masen V. Bloe'l, being 
an engal runing from y e north west corner of y e lott of y e 
s d Masen V. Bloem'l to y e north west corner of y e house 
of Douwe Fonda. 

Resolved y e s d Jan Masen V. Bloemendal shall have ye s d 
ground for y e sume of twelf pounds & paying y e charges 
of writeing. That y e conveyance be granted for the 
same accordingly, to be executed by y e Mayor of y e city. 

Att a Common Council held in y e City hall of Albany 
this 30th Day of April Annoq Domini 1728. 

Luykas Hooghkerck appears before this Common 
Council & makes application & requests to have two 
acres of ground upon y e Gallo hill adjoining & near a 
small run of water for y e term of fifty years for y c use of 
a Brick kiln & plain. 

Resolved y l y e s d Luykas Hoghkerck his heirs & assigns 
shall have y e s d Ground for y e term afores d , provided he 
or they pay therefore to the Treasurer of this city the 
sum of twelf shillings yearly & every year during the 
time afores d & y l he doth not stup op y e Roods & passes 
at or near y e s d ground nor the cours of y e run of water. 

Resolved also y 1 a lease be granted unto y e said hoogh- 
kerk accordingly, to be executed by the mayor of the city. 



30 The City Records. 

Abraham Vosburg appears before this Common Council 
and makes application & requests to have two acres of 
ground upon y e Gallo hill adjouning at both side of a 
small run of water being by east of y e ground of Luykas 
Hoghkerck for the term of twenty five years for y e use of 
a brick kiln and plain. Resolved y l y e s d Abraham Vos- 
burgh his heirs & assigns shall have y e s d ground for y e 
term afores d , provided he or they pay therefore to the 
Treasurer of this city y e sum of twelf shillings yearly & 
every year during y e time afores d & y l he doth not stup op 
y e rood & passage at or near y e s d ground nor y e cours of 
y e run of water. Resolved also y l a lease be granted 
unto y e s d Vosburgh accordingly, to be executed by the 
mayor of y e city. 

Wilhelmiss V. D. Bergh appears in person before this 
Common Council & makes application & request to have 
y e use of a sartin small persell of ground lying to y e west 
of y e ground of y e heirs of Jan Gerritse, dec'd, on or near 
a creek or run of water which is said to be within y e 
limits of this corporation, for y e use of y e s d Wilhelmus 
& Nicolaes Groesbeeck to dig & prepare clay for bricks 
for ye term of six years. Resolved y l y p s d request be 
granted, provided to pay therefore yearly and every year 
during y* said time y e sum of tenn shilling unto the Trea- 
surer of this city, dot to stup op any usual rood or passage 
nor to make use of more than one acre of ground along y e 
s d run of water. 



Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 10th Day of May Annoq Domini 1728. 

Resolved y f his Excell'y John Montgomerie Esq'r, the 
Governor be addressed & congratulated by the mayor, 
recorder, aldermen & commonality on his Excelly's safe 
arivel unto this Province of New York, which adrass 
was signed in common council accordingly. 

Resolved y l Mr. Harmanus Wendell & Mr. Barent San- 
ders do present the same unto his Excell'cy. 



The City Records. 31 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 25th day of June Annoq Domini 1728. 
Mem. that Johan's Pruyn and Christopher Yates having 
made application for a piece of ground adjoyning Foxes 
Creek within the limits of this city, viz 1 , bounded on the 
west by ground of Peter Bogart, Peter P. Schuyler, An- 
thony Bratt, & Gysbert Roseboom, & east by a small run 
of water proceeding from the fountain on the top of the 
hill, & on the north by s d foxes Creek, containing in 
length along the said creek eight rod & in breadth six 
rod and a quarter all Rynlands measure, which was 
granted accordingly, they paying for the same the sum 
of twelf pounds currant money of this Province on the 
delivery of the Indenture or Conveyance which is to be 
executed by y e mayor of this city payin the charges of the 
same. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 9th Day of July Annoq Domini 1728. 

In persuance^of a Resolution of comon councill of y e 
13th April last the mayor hath this day executed y e con- 
veyance for a certain percel of ground mentioned in y e s d 
minutes of comon council, Resolved y 1 y e s d conveyance 
be entered in y e Publick Records. 

In persuance of a Resolution of comon councill of y t: 
25th June last y e mayor hath this day executed y e con- 
veyance for a certain percel of ground mentioned in y e s d 
minutes of comon councill, Resolved y l y e s ] conveyance 
be entered in y e public records. 

Att a Comon Councill held in y City hall of Albany this 
10th Day of July Annoq Domini 1728. 

In persuance of a Resolution of comon conncill of y e 
13th of April last the mayor hath this day executed y e 
conveyance for a curtain percel of ground mentioned in 
y e s d minutes of comon councill, Resolved y t y e s d con- 
veyance be entered in y e public records. 

In persuance of a Resolution of comon councill of y e 
13th of April last y e mayor hath this day executed y e 



32 The City Records. 

conveyance for a certain percel of ground mentioned in 
y e s d minutes of comon council], Resolved y l y e s d con- 
veyance be entered in y e public Records. 

Att a Comon Councill held in tbe City hall of Albany 
this 3d Day of August Anno Di 1728. 

The mayor having proposed to purchase a certain small 
parcell of ground seituate lying and being within this city 
limits on Foxes Creek opposite the west part of the pas- 
ture ground of the heirs of William Gysbertse Van Den 
Bergh, containing in length along the s d Foxes Creek five 
rod and in breadth five rod and in length in the rear 
four rod, all Rynland measure, together with the use of 
s d creek for the length of s d five rod on y e north of said 
ground bounded on the east by the ground of Peter Bo- 
gart, Anthony Bratt, Gysbert Roseboom and Peter Schuy- 
ler, on the south and west by y e Comons, on the north 
by Foxes Creek as aforesaid. Resolved that the said 
mayor shall have the s d parcell of ground for the sum of 
five pounds five shillings current money of New York, & 
that conveyance for the same be granted accordingly to 
his proposall unto Nicolaes Bleecker to be executed by 
the mayor. 

Resolved that the bridge in the first ward by Jeremiah 
Schuyler be repaired with all expedition by the aldermen 
and assistants of s d ward and that the charges thereof 
shall be paid as soon as possible. 

Resolved also that the bridge of the third ward by the 
tanyards be mended by the recorder, aldermen and 
assistants of s d ward, and also that boards or planks be 
laid on the north of Jan Evertse house. Resolved also 
that the said be paid as afore. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 12th Day of September Annoq Domini 1728. 
By the worshipfull Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants 
of y e city of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 
Whereas severall streets and lanes within this city are 



The City Records. 33 

so much lumberd and filld up with wood, stones, dirt 
filth and dung, to the great grievance of the Inhabitants, 
for the preventing whereof 

Be it ordained, published and declared by the mayor, 
aldermen and assistants of the said city in common 
council convened to be hereby ordained by the authority 
of the same that all persons within y e s d city shall on or 
before the 20th instant do cause the said streets, lanes 
& allies before their respective houses & lotts of ground 
to be cleared of all such wood, stone, dirt, filth and dung 
and so to continue to do the same untill the 20th of Octo- 
ber next, and that all timber & stone for building and 
coopers wood be regularly piled up on or before the said 
20th instant (timber and stone for present building only 
excepted) all on the penalty of six shillings for every such 
neglect or default on any of the articles aforesaid, for the 
behoof of the sheriff who may sue for the same, to be re- 
covered before the mayor, recorder or any one of the 
aldermen within the s d city. Dated in Albany this 12th 
day of September 1728. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 21st Day of Sep 1 Annoq Domini 1728. 
It is Resolued y* advertisement be put op on y e most 
useall places of y e city of Albany that all person or per- 
sons who have any just debts or demands due from y e 
corportion of the city of Albany bring in their ace* or 
demands to Barent Bratt, City Treasurer on or before 
Friday next, being y e 27th instant. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 29th Day of September Annoq Domini 1728. 

In persuance of the Directions of the Charter of the 
city of Albany two aldermen, two assistants and one 
constable being chosen this day in each respective ward 
of s d city by plurallity of votes by the inhabitance of each 
respective ward who have right to chuse and return be- 
ing made, who are as followed: 

[Annals, ix.] 4 



34 The City Records. 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Ryer Gerretse Isaac Lansingh 

Edward Holland Johan's V. Der Heyden 

Johan's Vander Heyden, Jr., Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Hendrick Roseboom Gerrit Roseboom Jun'r 
Barent Sanders Gysbert Roseboom 

Johannis Job's Beeekman, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Peter Whine Gerrit G. Lansingh 

Jacob Visger Richart Hansen 

Edward Williams Constable. 

Barent Bratt is appointed Chamberlain by this meet- 
ing for y e ensuing year. 

Alt a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 8th of October Annoq Domini 1728. 

Lewis Vielee having acquainted the Corporation by 
Mr. Mayor that he inclined to release a certain piece or 
parcell of land to his son named scituate & lying 

within the limitts of Schachtekook opposite to Stillwater 
after having offered the refusal thereof to the Corpora- 
tion, it is Resolved that he may release the same to his 
Son afores d . The Treasurer layed before this common 
councill the severall accounts brought in as debts. 

Resolved y l a committee be appointed to examine the 
same, viz: Mr. Recorder, Ryer Gerritse, Hend'k Rose- 
boom, Gerrit Roseboom Jun'r, Gerrit G. Lansingh and 
Henry Holland Jun'r. 

Resolved y l y e Marshall acquaint Mr. Evert Wendell 
that he get y l parcell of the city fence which was left open 
at his request, to be closed forthwith according to his 

promise. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 12th of October Annoq Domini 1628. 

In pursuance of a Resolution of the common councill 
of y e eight instant the severall accounts as debts due 
from the corporation where examined by the committee 
and y e list thereof being layd before this common council 



The City Records. 



35 



and those allowed are as followed amounting to one hun- 
dred sixteen pounds eleven shillings and four pence and a 
warrant issued to the Treasurer for the payment thereof 
accordingly (viz) 
To Jeremiah Van Rensselaear for fire wood, c. and one 

fat sheep 10:00:00 

To Philip Livingston -* 15:18:00 

To August's Turck for service & fire wood 8:10:00 
To Jacob Eghmont for one years sallary as 

bellman - - - . - * - 
To Johan's Seeger as Do - - 

To Rachel widow of John Radliff 
To Harm's Wendell - - _ - 

To William Hogan 

To William Hopkins .... 

To Dirck Bratt 

To Hend'k Redder 

To Henry Holland jun'r .... 

To Anthony Van Schaick 

To Johan's Ten Broeck - - ' 

To Toby as Ryckman .... 

To Dirck Ten Broeck .... 

To Joseph Van Zante .... 

To Jan Rosie ...... 

To Adam Vanden Bergh .... 

To William Berrit 

To Peter P. Schuyler .... 
To Dirck Hun - - - - 
To Hend. Roseboom .... 
To Richard Hilton 



To Johannis Van Alen - 
To Christejaen Schans .... 
To Petrus Bogardus - 
To Anna Kitchners 

To Hend. Van Rensselaer ... 
To Isaac Fonda - . 

To August's Turck for service he attending 
on y e Corporation Treat to his Ex'cy 



13:10:00 
13; 10:00 
5:00:00 
7 : 10:04 J 
9-.01-10J 
0:12:00 
5:05:00 
1:17:00 
0:02:03 
1 :10:08 
1:10:00 
1:01:00 
0:15:10 
0:06:00 
1:01:00 
0:11:04J 
0:05:00 
0:05:00 
1:05:00 
0:02:00 
0:04:10 
0:02:06 
0:08:00 
u:03:00 
0:17:07 
0:16:00 
14:00:00 

0:10:00 
116:11:04 



36 The City Records. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 14th Day of October Annoq Domini 1728. 

Rutger Bleecker Esq'r, Mayor, produced a commission 
under the broad Seal of this Province for mayor of the 
city of Albany, coroner & clerk of the market for the in- 
suing year and toke the oaths appointed by law and the 
oaths for the due performanca*of the s d offices. 

Gosen Van Schaick Esq. produced a commission under 
the broad Seal of this Province for high sheriff of the 
city and county of Albany for this insuing year and toke 
the oaths appointed by law and the oath for the due per- 
formance of the s d office. 

The following aldermen and assistants are sworn for 
the insuing year (viz), 

The first ward, Ryer Gerritse Esq'r, alderman, Johan's 
V. D. Heyden, assistant. 

The second ward, Hend. Roseboom, Barent Sanders 
Esq'rs, aldermen, Gerrit Roseboom jun'r, Gysbert Rose- 
boom, assistants. 

The third ward, Gerrit G. Lansing, assistant. 

Barent Bratt sworn as city chamberlain or treasurer. 
Gerrit Abr'se Lansingh is appointed high constable for 
the insuing year. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 9th Day of November Annoq Domini 1728. 

Edward Holland was sent for and appeared in comon 
councill and toke the oaths appointed by law and y e oath 
for the due performance of his office as alderman for the 
s d city. Isaac Lansingh was also sent for and appeared 
in comon councill and toke the oaths appointed by law 
and y c oath for the due performance of his office as assist- 
ant for y 6 s d city. 

Whereupon the s d Edward Holland and Isaac Lansingh 
where admited as members in comon councill. 

A Petition of James Buntin is presented in common 
councill setting forth that he is inclined to purchase a 
ceartaine lott of ground within the limits of this corpo- 
ration next to the lott of Jacob Eggemont. 

Resolved y l the consideration thereof be deferred. 



The City Records. 37 

It was Resolved at this meeting to publish the follow- 
ing ordinance : 

By the worshipfull Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants 
of y e city of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas several persons within the city and county of 
Albany do presume to sell Strong Liquor by retail with- 
out being duly lycensed or without speaking to any of 
the magistrates within the said city that they are enclin'd 
to take such Lycense, It is therefore Resolved by the 
mayor, recorder, aldermen and assistants of the said city 
to ordain, publish and declare and it is hereby ordained, 
published and declard that no person or persons within 
the s d city or county shall sell or dispose of any Strong 
Liquor by retail unless he, she or they shall be duly Ly- 
censed by the mayor of the s d city on penalty of five 
pounds for each default & during the absence of the s d 
mayor y l who are enclind to take such Lycense do ac- 
quaint the Recorder of y e s d city therew 1 and those who 
he approves to be proper and able persons may sell by 
retail during the absence of the mayor, & no other person 
or persons whatsoever on the like penalty of five pounds 
for y e use of any person or persons y l shall sue for the 
same. Given in Albany this 9th day of November in the 
second year of his Maj's Reign Annoq. Domini 1728. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 19th Day of November Annoq Domini 1728. 

Peter Winne & Jacob Vischer where sent for and ap- 
peared in comon councill anql toke the oaths appointed 
by law and y e oath for the due performence of their offices 
as aldermen for the said city. 

Whereupon the said Peter Winne & Jacob Vischer were 
admited as members in comonn councill. 

Edward Williams & Johannis J. Beekman where sent 
for and appeared in comon councill and toke the oaths 
appointed by law and the oath for the due performance 
of their office as constables for the said city. 



38 The City Records. 

Be it Resolved & ordained y l for each ward in this city 
be appointed two sufficient persons for fire masters for 
the ensuing year, and it the persons so appointed shall 
refuse or neglect to perform their s d office shall be find 
thirty shillings for each offence. And accordingly y e 
persons where appointed and are as followed (viz.) 

For y e first ward, Obadia Cooper, William Waldren. 
Second ward, David Groesbeeck, Michael Besset. Third 
ward, Gerret Vanness, Gerret W. V. D. Bergh. 

This day appeared in comon councill Jacob Eggemont 
and Johannis Seeger & desired they may be continued in 
the offices of Bellmen for y e ensuing year, commencing 
the 14th of October last past and ending y e 14th October 
next, which will be in y e year 1729. Granted upon the 
following condition, to go round each every other night 
at the hovrs of ten, twelf, two, thre & four a clock at 
night from the first day of December untill the first day 
of March, and after y l time at the hours of ten, twelf, two 
& four & to call at all the usuall places of the city what 
a clock and what wheather it is, for which service they 
are each to have the sume of thirteen pounds & ten shil- 
lings wherein is included three pounds for fire wood. 

Provided that if in case it doth or shall appear by 
credable information that they the said Jacob Eggemont 
& Johannis Seeger or either of them do not perform their 
duty in the afores d service according to their promises & 
agreement as afores d shall be casseered of their said ser- 
vice and others to be appointed in their or either of their 
romes and places and paying them only for the time they 
have so served. 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 3d Day of December Annoq Domini 1728. 
Blchart Hansen was sent for and appeared in comon 
council and toke the oaths appointed by law and the 
oath for the due performance of his office as assistant for 
the said city. Whereupon the said Richart Hansen was 
admited as a member in common councill. 



The City Records. 39 

Johan's Van Der Heyden jun'r was sent for and ap- 
peared in comon councill and toke the oaths appointed 
by law and the oath for the due performence of his office 
as constable for the said city. 

It was Resolved at this meeting to publish the follow- 
ing ordinance : 

By the worshipfull Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants of 
the City of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas severall persons within this city and county 
of Albany do presume to ride with sleds and horses in 
the streets of y e said city very fast and unruly, whereby 
many unhappy accidents may happen, for y e preventing 
whereof it is hereby ordained, published and declared 
that from and after the publication hereof no person or 
persons shall ride or drive any horse or horses with sled, 
waggon or cart or otherwise in the street or lanes in the 
said city faster than on a step or a very moderate trott, 
on penalty of forfeiting for every such offence the sum of 
six shillings, to be paid by y e owner, rider or driver of 
such horse, sled waggon or cart. 

Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, that 
no children or other persons shall ride down any hill 
within this city on any small sleds, boards or otherwise, 
on penalty of eighteen pence for each offence, to be paid 
by y e persons transgressing or their parents or by those 
under whose care they are. 

Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid that 
no negro or Indian slave above y e number of three do 
assemble or meet together on the Lords Day or any other 
time at any place from their masters service within this 
city or liberties thereof, and that no such slave do go 
armed at any time with gunn, sword, club or other kind 
of weapon whatsoever under penalty of being set in the 
stocks for such time as the mayor, recorder & Aldermen 
shall think fitt, not exceeding six hours, unless the mas- 
ter or owner of such slave will pay six shillings to excuse 
the same. 

And be it further ordained by the authority ., 

a>T 




40 The City Records. 

that one of the constables of the three wards of this city 
do by turns successively on the Lords Day in the time of 
Divine service walk through the severall streets and 
lanes of this city with his staff to prevent disorders or 
irregularities and noise especially near y e church, on 
penalty not exceeding six shillings for every person above 
y e age of fifteen, and on penalty not exceeding nine 
pence for every person from y e age of eight to fifteen for 
each default, for y e behoof of y e sheriff or constable who 
shall give information of y e defaulters. 

And be it further ordained by y e authority aforesaid, 
that such of y e constables who shall be remiss or negli- 
gent in putting this ordinance in execution shall forfeit 
for every offence twenty shillings for the behoof of y e 
sheriff. 

And be it further ordained by y e authority aforesaid, 
that all y e pains, penalties and forfeitures above men- 
tioned shall be recovered before y e Mayor, Recorder or 
any of y e Aldermen of y^ said city and levied by distress 
of y e goods and chattels of y e defaulters if they refuse to 
pay, and be disposed of and paid to y e sheriff or any con- 
stable within the said city who shall give information of 
y e offenders aforesaid, any form, law or use of the Cor- 
poration to the contrary hereof in any wise notwith- 
standing. Given in Albany this third day of December 
in the second year of his Majestyes Reign Annoq Domini 
1728. 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 6th Day of January Annoq Domini 172f. 

Evert Wendell Esq'r brought a Petition in common 
councill which is as followed (viz) 

To the worshipfull mayor, recorder, aldermen & com- 
monality of the city of Albany. The humble Petition of 
Evert Wendell of the said city sheweth, 

Whereas your petitioner was resolved to build one 
grist mill upon the kill or creek called the Rutten Kill, 
and has already provided the most part of the materials 
in order to build the same, but for divers reasons has 



The City Records. 41 

now changed his resolution & is now resolved to build 
the same upon the kill or creek called the Beaver Kill, 
provided your worships will grant him the same. 

Therefore your petitioner mosthumhle prays that your 
worships will be pleased to sell him for him & his heirs 
and assigns for ever (to wit) three or four acres of ground 
for to build the mill on, lying on the north side of the 
aforesaid Beaver Kill, it being part of the land which 
Evert Wendell late of this city had in his life cleared, and 
also the kill and the use of the water, and also free lib- 
erty to make a dam so far distant from the mill up the 
said kill or creek till he shall have fall enough for his 
said mill, together with so much ground to lye a gutter 
from the said dam to the said mill and also liberty to 
make a wagon path from the mill to the city, and if God 
pleas that your petitioner may finis his intention it can 
not prove otherwise than to be a great convenience and 
ease for the inhabitants of this city & will be the first 
grist mill that ever was built within the limits of this 
city altho' the water has runned there for no use ever 
since the settlement of this city; therefor your petitioner 
can have no reasons but to think that your worships will 
by all means encourage his good undertaking so that such 
beneficial worke may be finished, and let your petitioner 
have the said ground and libertys for a reasonable value, 
and your petitioner shall for ever acknowledge it as a 
great favour and alwise pray for your long lifes and pros- 
perity. EVERT WENDELL. 

Albany, January 1st, 172f. 

Resolved that this petition be referred till the next 
meeting of comom councill. 

Att a Common Council] held in the City hall of Albany 
this first day of February 172-f Present, Rutger 
Bleecker Esq'r, mayor, Dirck Ten Broeck Esq'r, re- 
corder, Hend. Roseboom, Barent Sanders, Peter 
Winne, Ryer Gerritse, Jacob Vischer, Ed. Holland, 
Esq'rs, Aldermen, Isaac Lansingh, Gerrit G. Lan- 
singh, Gerrit Roseboom jun'r, Gysbert Roseboom, 
Rychart Hansen, Johan's V. D. Heyden, assistants. 



42 The City Records. 

Whereas Abigail Ver Planck, wedow, hath on the eight 
day of April last petitioned for ten or fifteen foot of ground 
lying adjoyning too a lott of ground of the said Abigail 
upon the hill on the north side of the city, the comon 
councill haveing considered the said petition can not 
resolf to grant fye same by reason it woed be prejudicial 
to the city in breeking a lott as well as prejudicial to 
Johan's Roseboom, his present dwelling house & lott. 

A Petition of Johan's Roseboom being this day pre- 
sented in common councill and read is as follows (viz.) 

To the worshipfull mayor, recorder, aldermen & com- 
monality of the city of Albany. The humble Petition of 
Johannis Roseboom humbly sheweth, 

Whereas there is a certain piece of ground lying towards 
the hill belonging to the city joyning the south syde of 
the lott of ground belonging to Abigail Ver Planck, wed' w, 
and your petitioner being informed that some of the in- 
habitants of this city intend to purchage the same from 
your worships, which if granted would be very prejedu- 
cial to your petitioners now dwelling house, your peti- 
tioner therefore to prevent the same is resolved to buy 
the s d lott. 

Your petitioner therefore humbly prays that your 
worships may be pleased to consider his reasons and to 
sell the s d lott unto your petitioner on such prices and 
terms as shall be agreed upon and your petitioner as in 
duty bound shall ever pray. JOHANNIS ROSEBOOM. 

Albany the 1st Feb'ry, 172-f . 

It is Resolved that the s d Johan's Roseboom shall have 
the s d lott for the sum of fourty pounds to be paid in two 
payments, the first twenty pounds to be paid in the 
month of May next and the other twenty pounds to be 
paid in the month of May which will be in the year one 
thousand seven hundred and thirty, provided that y e s d 
lott shall not extend any further to the southen then the 
north bounds of the lott now in possession & occupation 
of the said Johan's Roseboom, & to the westward as farr 
as the lott of Abigail Ver Planck, y l the s d lott shall be 
measured by the city surveyor, and that a deed may be 



The City Records. 43 

prepared accordingly to be executed by the mayor of the 
city and entered upon records. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 12th day of February Annoq Domini 172-f- . 
A petition of Barent Sanders being this day presented 
in common council for to buy five foot of ground on the 
west side of y e s d Barent Sanders lott by west of Evert 
Wendell. 

The consideration hereof is referred till next meeting, 
Whereas Evert Wendell hath on the 6th day of Jan'y 
last past petitioned for the Beaver Kill & three or four 
acres of ground thereunto adjoyning, &c., in manner 
and form as the said petition sets forth, and the common 
council upon inquire of that matter find that the said 
creek and premises properly belongs to the neder dutch 
protestant reformed church of the city of Albany. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 15th Day of February Annoq Domini J72J-. 
Anthony Bogardus brought in common.council an account 
of three pounds and eight shillings, which being allowed 
and ordered that Barent Bratt, city treasurer, pays the 
half of the* said account (forthwitt) and the other half 
next winter. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 18th Day of Feb'ry Annoq Domini 172f . 
It is Resolved that the mayor shall execute an inden- 
ture to Abraham & Isaac Fortt for tenn morgan of up- 
land lying and being at Schaghtekook, on the north side 
of the creek upon the hill adjoyning to the upland of 
Isaac Fortt for the consideration to be mentioned in the 
s d indenture. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this llth Day of June Annoq Domini 1729. 
By the worshipfull mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
assistants of the city of Albany. 



44 The City Records. 

An Ordinance. 

Be it published and ordained that no person or persons 
within the city of Albany do take upon themself to exer- 
cise the function of a carman or porter at any time after 
the 20th day of this instant, June, within the limits of 
the said city of Albany without being first duly lycensed 
by the mayor of the said city on forfeiture of five pounds 
if they shall take any payment or reward for such cart- 
ing or porterage, to be recovered before any court of re- 
cord within this city and county of Albany, one half 
thereof to his maj'y & the other half thereof to the person 
who shall informe or sue for the same. 

And be it also ordained that the said carmen and por- 
ters do regulate themselves according to the rules and 
establesments following, that is to say, that such carmen 
and porters at the reqvest of any of the inhabitants of 
the said city or any other person whatsoeuer do cart and 
porteridge all manner of wares, merchandizes, liquors 
and all other necessary things whatsoever usually carted, 
that the carmen shall be paid for carting of each pipe of 
wine from any slop or vessell or otherwise from and to 
any place within the limits of this city nine pence currant 
money of the province of New York and for porteridge 
eighteen pence, and for each hogsh'd of rum or molesses 
nine pence and for porteridge eighteen pence, for each 
tears of rum or moleses from fourty gallons to eighty, nine 
pence and for porteridge nine, & for each load of clay, 
dung, durt or water six pence per load, for each load of 
any other thing four pence halfpenny, for each largh lot 
of fur or skins nine pence, for each hogsh d of peltry or 
skins the like sum of nine pence. 

And be it further ordained that if it so happen that 
any choes or open vessels be looded with any manner of 
provision, fruit or other things which may take damage 
by rain or water that such choes or vessels shall be first 
unloaded if it be required by the owner, & further that it 
shall be a rule in unloading of slops that such slops as 
are arrived first upon the road shall be first unlooded 
unless it shall be otherwise ordered by the mayor, recorder 



The City Records. ' 45 

or any one of the aldermen of the said city whoes direc- 
tions shall be observed, and it is further ordained that if 
it shall or may so happen that by the insufficiency of any 
cart, carelessness, negligence of any carmen any wine, 
rum or mal's cask containing wine, rum or brandy or 
mal's shall break or other liquors or merchandizes take 
damage, that such carmen in whose custody such cask 
happens to break or other merchandizes take damage as 
aforesaid shall pay the damage thereby sustained to the 
owner of such liquor, to be recovered with the cost and 
charges thereof in any court of record within the city 
arid county of Albany, and in like manner if by insuffi- 
ciency of the material or negligence of the porters such 
accident may happen that any such cask containing wine, 
rum, brandy, malt liquers or mechandizes shall happen 
to break or take damage wilst it was under the custody 
& care of any of the porters that such porter or porters 
shall pay the damage thereby sustained to the owner of 
such liquers or merchandizes to be recovered with the cost 
and charges thereof in any court of record within the said 
city and county of Albany. 

A petition of Johannis Knickerbacker being this day 
presented in common council for to purchage a piece of 
ground, &c. 

Resolved that the said petition shall be taken in con- 
sideration. 

A petition of Leendert Van Vechte being this day pre- 
sented in common council, 

Resolved that the said petition shall be taken in con- 
sideration. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 14th Day of June 1729. 

By the worshipful! Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & As- 
sistants of the City of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas severall streets and Lanes within this city are 
so much lumberd and filld up with tire wood and dirt and 
out of repair, to the great grievance of the inhabitants, 
[Annals, ix.] 5 



46 The City Records. 

for preventing whereof Be it Ordained, Published and 
Declared by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and As- 
sistants of the said City in Common Council convened, 
and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the same, 
that all persons within the said city shall at or before y e 
25th day of this instant, June, cause the streets, lanes, 
alleys and pavements before their respective houses and 
lotts of ground to be repaired and cleared even to the 
bank of Hudsons River of all dirt, filth, dung & firewood, 
and so to continue to do the same every fortnight follow- 
ing, and that all timber for building and coopers wood be 
regularly piled up on or before the said 25th day of June 
(timber for Emediaet building only excepted) all on the 
penalty of six shillings for every default on any of the 
articles aforesaid for the behoof of the sheriff, who is to 
sue for the same, to be recovered before the Mayor or 
Recorder or any one of the Aldermen within the said city. 

Be it further ordained & declared that the pavement in 
the lane or street between the lotts of Jacob Lansingh & 
Jacob Vischer in the third ward of this city be taken up 
and earth & dirt taken out and repaved by the said Jacob 
Lansingh & Jacob Vischer in such manner and at such 
time as they respectively shall be directed by the mayor, 
recorder, aldermen and ass'ts of this city, or the major part 
of them, so that the water may vent itself out of the lane 
between the severall lotts of Abraham Cuyler, Johannis 
Cuyler, Peter Winne, Wessell Ten Broeck Johannis 
Pruyn, & others into Bruers street, to be performed and 
finished at any time before the first day of September 
next ensuing, on penalty and forfeiture of two pounds 
currant money of this Province for each default for the 
use of the high sherriff, to be recovered before the mayor, 
recorder, aldermen of this city or any one of them. 

It is also ordained y l the street or lane between the 
second and third ward beginning by the fronts of the 
houses of Johannis Myngael & Arent Pruyn and so ex- 
tending to the north part of the lott of Jacob Lansing be 
cleared and sufficiently paved from the one side to the 
other where it is out of repair and wanting by the owners 



The City Records. 47 

whose lotts fronts the said lane, in such manner and at 
such time as the said owners shall respectively be directed 
by the authority aforesaid or the major part of them, so 
that the same be performed and finished before the first 
day of September, on penalty and forfieture of two pounds 
currant money of this Province for each every default 
for the use of the high sherriff, to be recovered in manner 
aforesaid. 

It is also ordained y 1 the street between Johannis 
Beeckman jun'r & Anthony Van Schaick jun'r, extending 
eastwards to the eastermost part of the house of Schebo- 
let Bogardus; as also the Lane between the houses of 
David Schuyler & Johannis A. Cuyler, extending east- 
wards to the eastermost part of the house of Isaac Gre- 
veraet; as also the Lane between Isaac Greveraet & Jo- 
hannis Evertse, extending northward to the northermost 
part of the lott of Grietje Ryckse be cleared and suffi- 
ciently paved from the outside to the other by the own- 
ers or tennants in such manner and at such time as the 
said owners or tennants shall respectively be directed by 
the authority aforesaid, so that the same be finished at 
any time before the first day of September next ensuing 
on the like penalty of two pounds currant money of this 
Province for each default, for the behoof of the high sher- 
riff, to be recovered in manner aforesaid. 

Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid that 
no person or persons within the limits of this city do pre- 
sume to build or erect any house, out house or stable front- 
ing any street or lane within this city without notice first 
given to the mayor or recorder of this city to prevent 
irregularity, and that no person or persons do build or 
erect any stable or out house to lodge any straw or hay 
on any place where it fronts any street or lane without 
the approbation of the mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
assistants on penalty of ten pounds, to be recovered in 
any Court of Record for the behoof of this corporation. 

Dated in Albany this 14th day of June A. D. 1729. 



48 The City Records. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 25th Day of June Annoq Domini 1729. 

By the worshipfull the mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
comonality of the city of Albany. 
An Ordinance. 

Be it ordained, published and declared that no person 
or persons shall ride or drive with waggon or cart 
any of the farr nations of Indians or any of their wives 
or children, or any of their bever, peltry or other effects 
from the westward towards this city nearer than two 
hundred yards to the west of the city fence upon the hill 
behind the fort, upon pain and forfieture of ten pounds, 
to be recovered in any court of record within this county 
one half thereof for the use of the high sheriff and the 
other half for the use and behoof of this corporation. 

That no person or persons within the said city shall 
at any time after the date hereof suffer any farr Indian 
or Indians or Squas coming from the westward to lodge 
in his or their houses, warehouses or elsewhere, shall for 
every Indian or Squa he, they or she shall svffer to lodge 
as afores d , forfiet the sume often pounds to be recovered 
for the use as aforesaid. 

That no person or persons whatsoever shall after the 
arrival of any farr Indian or Indians or Squas address 
themselves or speak to them by signs or otherwise of 
and concerning trade at any place without their houses 
arid within the city limitts upon pain and forfieture of 
three pounds to be recovered and for the use as afores d . 

And that no person or persons make use orimployany 
Broker or Brokers, be it Christians or Indians in respect 
of such trade within the city limitt upon pain and for- 
fieture of five pounds to be recovered in manner and for 
the use as afores d , so that such farr Indians have the 
liberty to trade through the whole city where they plese. 
Dated in Albany this 25th day of June A. D. 1729. 



Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 2d Day of July Annoq Dom. 1729. 
Resolved that the following Letter be sended to the 



The City Records. 49 

Represents of the city and county of Albany at present 
convened in General Assembly: 

Gentlemen By what account we have from Canada 
we have reason to believe that an expedition is intended, 
weither the designe is against Oswego or Albany is un- 
known to us, the great preperation of warr they makes 
us belive it may be as well against Albany as against 
Oswego, whenever they have the least ceartanty of a warr 
to be intended by the King of france : and considering the 
circumstances of this city being in no state of Defence, 
we think it heighly necessary that this city should be 
fortefyed & inclosed as sone as posaball be it this Sum- 
mer with Stockados if necessety requires it; and whereas 
it can not be done without an act of Generall Assembly 
we humbly desire you may move the hono. the Generall 
Assembly that it may be enacted accordingly and to the 
end that such fortefying may be done on' the most cheap- 
est and surest way, we are humbly of opinein that it is 
to be done by way of assrn f either how many Stockados 
or how many foot each person is to furnish or to inclose 
according to their estates and capassity and that if such 
incloser should come through any particular mans ground 
that the damage thereby sustained be appraised by indif- 
erent persons in order that such persons be satisfyd for 
such damage and that, such block houses as want to be 
removed may be sett on such plases were it be adjudged 
for the best defence and that the county may assist the 
city in a reasonable perportion in fortefying the city as 
afores d . Time will nott permit us to call a meeting of 
Justices as being informed the house will adjourn in a 
short time, but we are assured that severall of the county 
Justices will gladly join with the Corporation. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 24th July Ao. Dni 1729. 

Abraham Vosburgh made applicateon to the common 
council to purchage a certain lott of ground lying and 
being on the west of the land of Hendrick Halen Beeck, 
120 foot to the westward thereof, to contain in length 150 



60 The City Records. 

foot to the westward and in breadth north and south 50 
foot, all Rynland measure. 

Which request being considered & thereupon agreed 
with the s d Abraham Vosburgh that he shall have the 
said lott for the sum of twenty pounds currant money of 
the province of New \ ork to be paid within the time of 
six months after the date hereof, on payment thereof he 
is to have a title for the same to be executed by the 
mayor of the city. 

Johannis Seger has made application to the common 
council to purchage a certain lott of ground lying and 
being to the westward of the land of Hendrick Halen- 
beeck on the hill on the south side of the lott of Abraham 
Vosburgh thereunto adjoyning, to contain in length 150 
foot to the westward & in breadth south and north 50 
foot, all Rynland measure; which request being consid- 
ered and thereupon agreed with the said Johannis Seger 
that he shall have the s d lott for the same of twenty 
pounds currant money of the province of New York, to 
be paid in four years time, every year five pounds on the 
first of November, /or which he is to give his bond at the 
receipt of his Transport to be executed by the mayor of 
the city. 



Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 9th August Annoq Domini 1729. 

Mr. Cuyler appeared in common council and proposed 
that whereas there is an ordinance made the 14th June 
last past for regulating & paveing of severall streets & 
lanes within this city that he is intended to make a 
fence on the east side of the lott now in dispute between 
him and Janetje Cregeer and to pave the street on the 
east side of the lott as is directed in said ordinance, and 
that he may for the present be excused of paveing the 
north side of the s d lott for the reasons aforesaid and 
the shortness of the time limited by the said ordinance. 

Resolved that the same shall be considered. 



The City Records. 51 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 13th day of August Ao. Do. 1729. 
In pursuance of an ordinance made the 14th June 1729, 
It is ordered and directed in common council y l the street 
or lane on the east of Abraham Cuyler, Nicholas Bleecker, 
and Johan's Cuyler shall be paved from the one side to 
the other by the owners or tenants whose lotts front the 
s d lane, as well on the east side as on the west side, in 
the manner following, that is to say, at the north corner 
of y e stabel of Ruben Van Vechte and opposite to the 
south part of the lott of Abraham Cuyler the paveings 
are to be raised six inches in the middle of the street & 
from thence regularly to have a decent of two inches 
and a quarter on every fifteen foot untill you come to y e 
north corner of the boulting house of Jacob Lansingh, 
from thence with y e same decent of at least two inches 
and a quarter of an inche on every fifteen foot in the 
street or lane between the houses & lotts of Jacob Lan- 
singh and the house & lott of Jacob Vischer, untill you 
come into Brewer street, and that there be a decent from 
each side of y e s d streets or lanes to the middle of y e s d 
streets of 5 inches and that the severall owners or tenants 
whose houses or ground fronts or joyns the s d streets or 
lanes shall be served with a copy of this minute. 

At a Common Council held in the City hall of y e City of 

Albany this 19th Day of August 1729. 
Whereas severall of the late and present Justices have 
made request to the mayor and recorder for to have the 
originall City Charter upon theTryall between the Atfy 
Gen'l and severall of the present and late Justices of the 
city and county of Albany, whereupon the Mayor and 
Recorder made answer to the Justices that they woed 
call d the comon council and have there oppenion and 
resolution upon that metter, whereupon it is Resolved 
now in common council that the said Charter be produced 
upon the said Tryal if the mayor or cornmonallity shall 
thereunto be lawfully compelled by a speciall writ of 
subpena and otherwise not. 



52 The City Records. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 30th Day of August Annoq Domini 1729. 

By the worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the City of Albany. 

Whereas by an ordinance made & published the 14th 
day of June 1729, It was thereby ordained and declared 
that severall streets & lanes within this city shall be 
paved as in and by the said ordinance was directed on or 
before the first day of September next ensuing, & whereas 
severall of the inhabitants of this city have made appli- 
cation to several! of the members of the common council 
that time for finnissing of the said pavements may be 
prolonged by reason of severall impediments they mett 
with since the publishing of the aforesaid ordinance, 
Be it therefore ordained, published and declared by the 
authority afores d that the Time for finishing of the said 
pavement be prolonged untill the first day of October 
now next ensuing and that all and every other the arti- 
cles, causes and pennaltys specifeyed in the aforesaid 
ordinance shall continue in full force and virtue. 

Dated in Albany this 30th day of August 1729. 

Att a meeting of the Recorder, Aldermen and Common 
Council in the City hall of Albany this 29th day of 
September Annoq Domini 1729. 

In persvance of the directions of the Charter of the 
city of Albany two aldermen, two assistants and one 
constable being chosen this day in each respective ward 
of said city by plurality of votes by the inhabitants of 
each respective ward who have rite to chuse and return 
being made, who are as follows: 

Fir at Ward. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Ryer Gerritse Isaac Lansing 

Tobias Ryckman Johannis Van Ostrande 

Hendrick Hallenbeck, Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Cornells Cuyler Gerlyn Ver Planck 

Jacob Beeckman Johannis J. Beeckman 

Hendrick Vanduersen, Constable. 



The City Records. 53 

Third Ward. 

Samuel C. Pruyn Gerrit G. Lansingh. 

Jacob Lansingh, John Vischer 

Peter Goewey, Constable. 

Barent Bradt is appointed Chamberlain by this meet- 
ing for the ensueing year. 

Johannis Dirckse Vander Heyden is appointed High 
Constable for the ensueing year. 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 13th Day of October Annoq Domini 1729. 

It is Resollved y l advertisements be put op un the most 
usual! places of y e city of Albany that all person or per- 
sons who have any just debts or demands due from the 
corporation of the city of Albany bring in their accounts 
or demands to Barent Bratt, City Treasurer, on or before 
the first day of November next. 

Whereas Ryer Gerritse, Edward Holland, Isaac Lan- 
singh & Gerrit G. Lansingh where appointed by the 
Common Council in February last to go to Schaghtekook 
for the service of the corporation, which s d service they 
have duly performed. 

Resolved that they be paid by the corporation for such 
their service and expences. 

Whereas Gerrit G. Lansingh has according to agree- 
ment with the corporation made abridge over the Rutten 
Kill near the the Leuteren church for the sum of four 
pounds. 

Resolved that the said Gerrit G. Lansingh be payd the 
s d sum by the corporation. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 14th Day of October Annoq Domini 1729. 

The following aldermen, assistants and constables are 
sworn for the insuing year (viz.) 

The first ward, Ryer Gerritse & Tobias Ryckman Esq's, 
aldermen; Johannis Van Ostrande, assistant. 

The second ward, Jacob Beekman Esq'r, alderman; 
Gerluyn Ver Planck, assistant; Hend. Vanduersen, con- 
stable. 



54 Tht City Records. 

The third ward, Jacob Lansingh & Sam'l Pruyn Esq's, 
aldermen; Gerrit G. Lansingh and John Visser, assist- 
ants; Peter Goewey, constable. 

Barent Bratt, sworn as city chamberlain or treasurer. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this llth Day of November 1729. 

John De Peyster Esq. mayor, produced a commission 
under the broad seal of this Province for mayor of the 
city of Albany, coroner & clerk of the market for the in- 
suing year, and toke the oaths appointed by law and the 
oaths for the due performance of the s d offices. 

Cornells Cuyler was sent for and appeared in common 
council and toke the oaths appointed by law and the 
oaths for the due performance of this office as alderman 
for the s d city. 

Isaac Lansingh & Johan's Joha's Beeckman where sent 
for and appeared in common council and toke the oaths 
appointed by law and the oaths for the due performance 
of their office as assistants for y e s d city. 

Whereupon the s d Cornelis Cuyler, Isaac Lansingh & 
Johan's J. Beeckman where admited as members in com- 
mon council. 

Att a Common Council held in the hall of Albany this 
14th Day of November Annoq Domini 1729. 

By the worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Cornality of the City of Albany. 

An Ordinance. 

Be it ordained by the mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
comonality of the city of Albany convened in common 
council, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the 
same, that the aldermen & assistants of each respective 
ward within this city do appoint two sufficient persons 
in every ward within the s d city to be viewers of the 
chimneys and hearths, who shall view the same once in 
every fourteen days and where they find any defective to 
give notice, that the same may be swept or mended at 
such time as in their discretion they shall think fit, and 



The City Records. 55 

if any persons shall neglect or refuse their direction 
herein they shall forfeit for each offence the sume of three 
shillings & that if any chimney shall be on fire after 
notice given by the said viewers for the cleaning of the 
same, the dweller in such house to whom notice thereof 
shall be so given shall forfeit for every chimney that 
shall be so on fire the sum of six shillings for the use of 
this city, & if the said Viewers shall neglect or refuse to 
execute the duty hereby required shall for each offence 
forfeit the sum of six shillings for the use of said city. 

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid 
that none but such as are list need by the mayor of this 
city do persume to keep publick houses to sell any wine, 
beer or other strong liquors by retail or a less quantity 
at one time than five gallons within this city and county 
of Albany, under the penalty of five pounds for the use 
of the said city. 

By the above ordenance it is ordered that fire masters 
shall be appointed for the ensuing year for each respect- 
ive ward for the city of Albany who where hereby ap- 
pointed & are as followed (viz). 

First ward, Abraham Vosburgh & Johannis Reddeliff. 

Second ward, Johan's G. Lansingh & Don we Fonda. 

Third ward, Gysbert Vanden Bergh & Hendrick Bidder. 

The severall acc'ts as debts due from the corporation 
here under named where examined by the common council 
and allowed are as folloowed, amounting to eighty seven 
pounds nine shillings and three pence, and a warrant 
issued to the treasurer for the payment thereof accord- 
ingly (viz) 
To Jeremiah Van Rensselaer for firewood & one 

fat sheep 10: 0: 

To Philip Livingston, - - - 15:18: 

To Augustinus Turck & Johan's Seger - 8:10: 
To Johannis Seger, - - - 13:10: 

To Jacob Egmont - - 13:10: 

To Ragel wed. of Joh's Radlef - - 5:0:0 

To Dirck Bratt for Candels -. 5: 5: 

Carried over 71:13: 



56 The City Records. 

Brought over 71:13:0 

To Rutger Bleecker - 1:13: 9 

To John De Peyster .... 
To Isaac Lansing .... 
To Ryer Gerritse .... 
To Gerrit G. Lansingh 
To John Rosie 



To Mftth'w Flansburgh 
To Benjamin Brat 
To William Hogan 



2:16: 

0:13: 6 

0:12: 

0:12: 

0:19: 1J 

1:12: 

0:17: 6 

0:15: 9 

To Johannis Wendell .... 0: 5: 

To Gerrit G. Lansingh .... 4: 0: 

To Edward Holland 0:19: 7J 

87:09:3 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 23th Day of November 1729. 

The Commonality have this day sold unto Jacobus 
Raddeliffa lott of ground seituate, lying and being at the 
foot of the gallows hill on the north side of the house & 
lott where Roliff Kiddeny now lives in, containing in 
length one hundred and twenty foot wood measure & in 
breath thirty foot Ryland measure, having on the eest 
the street on the south the lott where the s d Roliff Kid- 
deny now lives in, and on the west and north the com- 
mons, for which the said Jacobus Reddeliff is to pay 
the sume of twenty two pounds in two equall payments, 
eleven pounds att or before the first day of May next, at 
which said time he is to have a release, and the remain- 
ing part which is eleven pounds on or before the first day 
of May one thousand seven hundred thirty & one, and for 
the last payment he is to give bond. 

It is ordered that the mayor in behalf of the common- 
ality shall sign the Release for the said lott c f ground, 
affix the city scale thereto and that the same be entered 
on the public records of the said city and county. 

Have also sold this day unto Jonathan Broecks a lott 
of ground seituate, lying and being at the foot of the 



The City Records. 57 

gallows hill on the north side of the lott of Jacobus 
Raddeliff, containing in length one hundred and twenty 
foot wood measure & in breath thirty foot Ryland meas- 
ure, having on the east the street, on the south the lott 
of Jacobus Raddeliff and on the west and north the com- 
mons, for which the said Jonathan Broecks is to pay the 
sume of twenty-two pounds in two equall payments, 
eleven pounds at or before the first day of May next, at 
which said time he is to have a release, and the remaining 
part which is eleven pounds on or before the first day of 
May one thousand seven hundred thirty & one, and for 
the last payment he is to give a bond. 

It is ordered that the mayor in behalf of the common- 
ality shall sign the Release for the said lott of ground, 
affix the city seale thereto and that the same be entered 
on the publick records of the said city and county. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 20th Day of December Annoq. Domini 1729. 

This day allowed and approved the following accounts, 

and issued a warrant to the Treasurer for the payment 

thereof, being four pounds four shillings and three pence. 

To Anthony Bogardus 2:13 :6 

To Peter Winne - - - 1 : 7 :0 

To David Van Dyck - - 3:9 

4:04:3 

The commonality have this day sold unto Jan Winne 
a lott of ground seituate, lying and being at the foot of 
the gallows hill on the north side of the lott of Jonathan 
Broecks, containing in length one hundred and twenty foot 
wood measure & in breath on the front to the east side of 
said lott thirty foot Ryland measure, and on the rear of 
said lott twenty-five foot Ryland measure, having on the 
east the street, on the south the lott of Jonathan Broecks 
and on the west & north the Comons, for which the said 
Jan Winne is to pay the sume of twenty-two pounds in two 
equal payments, eleven at or before the first day of May 
next, at which said time he is to have a release, and the 
[Annals, ix.] 6 



58 The City Records. 

remaining part which is eleven pounds on or before the 
first day of May one thousand seven hundred thirty and 
one & for the last payment he is to give bond. 

It is ordered that the mayor in behalf of the common- 
ality shall sign the release for the said lott of ground, 
affix the city seal thereto and that the same be entered 
on the publick records of the said city and county. 

Resolved that no grounds within this city belonged to 
the corporation be sold hereafter but in Publick Vendue. 

Att a Common Council held in y e City hall of Albany 
this 10th Day of February Annoq Domini 17$. 

Hendrick Vander Wercke appeared here in common 
council and made his complaint that the Farm formerly 
belonged to Dirck Van Der Heyden & now to him, has 
lost considerabely by the water streem of the Schaah- 
kook Creek, and the commonality heretefore haveing 
sued the same to be but seventeen morgaen & hundred 
and thirty-two rod instead of twenty morgein, whereupon 
it is Resolved that the said Hendrick Vander Wercke 
shall hereafter pay yearly and every year in the month 
of January or February twenty four bushells and three 
pecks good merchantable Winter wheat instead of 30 
bushell in the former indenture, and is to enter in new 
indenture with the commonality for the same, which the 
mayor in behalf of the commonality is to execute. 

Whereas John De Peyster Esq'r, mayor, Dirck Ten 
Broeck Esq'r, recorder, Ryer Gerritse, Jacob Lansing, 
Cornelis Cuyler Esq'rs, aldermen, Johannis Ostrande, 
John Vischer and Johannis Joh's Beeckman, assistants, 
are appointed to go to the Moquas country to purchase 
of the Indians of the Moquas country the flatts on both 
side of the Janedorogos Creek heretofore granted by 
Governour Dungan to this corporation by the city Char- 
ter, Whereupon it is hereby resolved that the said com- 
mittee here above named have foull power to act and 
agree with the said Indians upon such condition as they 
shall judge most beneficial for this city. 



The City Records. 59 

Alt a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this llth Day of February Annoq Domini 17f^. 
Abraham Fort & Isaac Fort appeared here in common 
council and made their complaint that the farm formerly 
belonged to Dirck Vander Heyden & lately belonged Ja- 
cob Fort and now to them has lost considerabely by the 
water streem of the Schaahkook Creek & the common- 
ality heretofore having fenced and survayed the said farm 
and found the same to be but nineteen morgain and one 
hundred and twenty seven rod instead of twenty morgain, 
whereupon it is resolved that the said Abraham Fort & 
Isaac Fort shall hereafter pay yearly and every year in 
the month of January or February twenty six bushell 
and one peck of good merchantable "Winter wheat instead 
of 30 bushell in the former indenture, and they are to 
enter in new Indenture with the commonality for the 
same, which the mayor in behalf of the commonality is 
to execute. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 12th Day of February Annoq Domini 17-ff. 
Peter Binneway appeared here in common council and 
made his complaint that the farm formly belonged to 
Dirck Brat & now to him has lost considerabely by the 
water streem of the Schaahkook Creek and the common- 
ality heretefore haveing fenced & survayed the said farm 
and found the same to be but nineteen morgain and seven- 
teen rod instead of twenty morgain, whereupon it is re- 
solved that the said Peter Binneway shall hereafter pay 
yearly & every year in the month of January or February 
twenty-four bushell and three peck good merchantable 
Winter wheat instead of thirty bushell in the former in- 
denture, and is to enter in new indenture with the com- 
monality for the same which the mayor in behalf of the 
commonality is to execute. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 24th Day of February Annoq Domini 17-f-JK 
John De Peyster Esq., mayor, Dirck Ten Broeck Esq., 



60 The City Records. 

Recorder, Ryer Gerritse, Jacob Lansingh, and Cornells 
Cuyler Esq'rs, aldermen, Johannis Ostrande, John Vis- 
cher and Johannis Joh's Beeckman, assistants, who where 
appointed the 10th instant to go to the Moquas country 
in order to purchases of the Indians of the Moquas coun- 
try the flatts on both side of Janoderogos Creek hereto- 
fore granted by Governour Dungan to the corporation 
by the City Charter, and made thbir return in writting 
of their proceedings in the Moquas country, which return 
is lodged with the mayor. 

The charges accrued by the occasion of the aforesaid 
journey & the severall meetings with the Indians in the 
city are as followed: 

To Johannis Lansingh, as per ace 1 - - 1: 3: 3 
To Evert Wendell's as per do. - - 6:8:0 
To John De Peyster, as pr do. - - 5:12: 9 
To Dirck Tenbroeck, as pr do. - - 7: 2: 7 
To Cornelius Cuyler, as pr do. - - 3:1:6 
To Isaac Lansingh, as pr do. - - 1:1:3 

To Jacob Lansingh, as pr do. - - 3:11: 3J 
To Johannis Ostrande, as pr do. - - 1:4:0 
To Ryer Gerritse, as pr do. - > 1 : 4 : 

To Johannis Vischer, as pr do. - * 1:16: 
To Johannis Joh's Beekman, do. - - 2:8:10 
To Tobyas Ryckman for a barrell of Bier % - 16: 

35:08-9 

The severall above accounts amounting to thirty-five 
pounds eight shillings & nine pence are allowed and 
aproved, wereupon it is Resolved that an order shall be 
issued out to the City Treasurer for the payment thereof. 
It is ordered that Barent Brat, City Treasurer, shall 
pay unto Johannis Seger the sume of one pound two 
shillings & six pence for one month service as bellman 
from y e 14th October 1729 to the fourteenth of November 
last. 

Whereas Johannis Dirkse Vander Heyden was ap- 
pointed high constable of this city by the commonality 
the 29th September last & since the s d Vander Heyden 



The City Records. 61 

being removed out of this city it is nisessary that an 
other high constable be appointed & sworn in his place, 
whereupon the said coraonality do appoint Hend. Hal- 
lenbeeck high constable of this city in the place and steed 
of the s d Vander Heyden, and that he take the oath ac- 
cordingly. 

It is also resolved that a petty constable be chosen in 
the first ward the 28th of this instant, February, in the 
room of the s d Hendr. Halenbeeck who was y e late petty 
constable of y e first ward. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 24th of March 17-ff. 

Abraham Lansingh by his petition dated the 23d day 
of March 17|-J setts forth that there is a peice of ground 
lying and being within the city lemites on the south side 
of Foxes Creek adjoyning next to the lott of Johannis 
Pru}'n & Christopher Yates, containing in length ten rod 
and in breadth six rod Ryland measure. 

Resolved that the said petition be taken in considera- 
tion. 

Jacob Glen by his petition dated the 24th day of March 
17-ff sett forth that there is a lott of ground lying & be- 
ing within the city lemites on the west of the lotts of 
Johannis Bleecker, Jan Jureaen Hogan, Johan's Rostboom 
& Abraham Lansingh, containing in length from the front 
of the house of Johannis Bleecker Jun'r, to the rorih 
side of the lott of Abraham Lansingh and in breadth 
thirty foot Ryland measure. 

Resolved that the s d petition be taken in consideration. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 7th Day of April Annoq Domini 1730. 

Jochim Bratt appeared here in common council in be- 
half of his mother and promised to give bond for 23 
pounds for the arrear due to this corporation of the land 
now in the possession of Maria Bratt, wed'w of Johan's 
Bratt, dec'd. 

And it is further taken into consideration for the bad- 



62 The City Records. 

ness of the land that the s d Maria Bratt shall have the 
s d farm hereafter yearly & every year for the rent of 37J 
bushell of good merchandable Winter wheat instead of 
45 bushell in the former indenture & is to enter in new 
indenture with the commonality for the same which the 
mayor in behalf of the commonality is to execute. 

Dirck Vander Heyden appeared here in common coun- 
cil & agreed with the commonality to pay the sum of six 
pounds in full of the arrear due to this corporation of the 
farm at Schaahkook lately belonged to the s d Dirck Van- 
der Heyden & now in possession of Hendrick Vander 
Werke and 24 shillings for fees of the lawyer, sheriff and 
clerk. 

Att a Common Counil held in the City hall of Albany 
the 8th day of April Annoq Domini 1730. 

Volkert Douw appeared in common council and desired 
of the commonality for a certain peice of ground contain- 
ing acres belonging to this corporation, lying at the 
Ferrebergh on the south side of the creek, which s d creek 
is to the south where Isaac Van Valkenburgh now lives, 
which is granted for nineteen years to the 3 d Volkert 
Douw upon condition following: 

That he pay unto the commonality yearly & every year 
in the month of May, after the month of May 1730, two 
scheppel good & merchandable Winter wheat and one 
copell of fett hens & is to enter into indenture with the 
commonality for the same; which s d indenture y e mayor 
in behalf of the commonality is to execute. 

Att a common council held within the City hall of Albany 

this llth Day of April Annoq Domini 1730. 
This day Abraham Lansingh made application for a 
certain peice of ground adjoining Foxes Creek within the 
limits of this city viz: bounded on the west by ground 
of Johannis Pruyn & Christopher Yates & on the north 
by s d Foxes Creek, containing in breadth along the said 
creek four rod & in length from tbe s d creek to the hill 
six rod all Ryland measure, which was granted accord- 



The City Records. 63 

ingly, he paying for the same the sum of ten pounds cur- 
rant money of this Province on the delivery of the inden- 
ture or conveyance, which is to be executed by the mayor 
of this city, the said Lansingh paying the charges of the 
same. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 19th Day of May 1730. 

This day published two ordinances viz : the one relating 
the insufficiency of the severall streets & alleys, and the 
other relateing the carmen for not take upon themselfs 
y e function of a carman &c., which s d ordinances are en- 
tered in the book made for y* porposs. 

It is resolved y f the mayor shall executed an indenture 
to Abraham and Isaac Fort for ten morgan of upland 
lying and being at Schaahkook on the north side of the 
creek upon the hill adjoyning to the upland of the said 
Fortts for the consideration to make & keep a good suffi- 
cient fence from the fence of Aderjaen Quackenboss at 
Schaahkook to the fence of the s d Fortts over the hills 
on the place where it now lyes, & that they also main- 
taing & keep the half of the s d division fence between the 
s d Aderjaen Quackenboss and the Island which is reserved 
for the Indians to plant on. so that the s ! Island be freed 
from all cattle & swyn, and that for the term of twenty 
years commensing from the 18th of February, 172-f, and 
that they also pay yearly & every year for ever one cuple 
fatt hens in the month of January or February, for an 
acknowledgement for the s d ten morgan of upland above 
mentioned, and that the said Abraham & Isaac Fort give 
a bond of a 100X for the performence of the fence above 
said. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 30th Day of May, Annoq Domini 1730. 

This Day sold unto Joseph Yates a certain small peice 

or angle of ground in the city of Albany adjoyning to y e 

west of y e lott of ground belonging to the s (l Joseph Yates 

being broad behind by his smits shop ten inches & so run- 



64 The City Records. 

ing northerly along the front of his shop to the north 
west corner thereof, & from thence with a straight line 
to the north west corner of his house so as it is now 
thereon erected by y e s d Joseph Yates. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this ninth Day of July Annoq Domini 1730. 

It being agreed upon that a Letter be wrote to Mr. 
John Chambers, attorney at law, concerning the land of 
Tionnondoroge, the same is in the words following, viz: 

Albany the 9th July, 1730. 
Mr. John Chambers: 

Sir We being apprehensive that several Persons are 
endeavoring by clandestine means to incroach upon our 
right and title in a Tract of land called Tionondoroge, 
which Tract we the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 
of the city of Albany have his Majesties grant and licence 
to purchase from his Ex'cy Thomas Dungan Esq., late 
Lieut. Governor of this Province of which you have en- 
closed a recitall of the Title, but the mayor, aldermen, 
&c. of this city haveing as yet not obtain'd a Purchase 
from the native Indian Proprietors of said land thro' the 
evill insinuation of some of our people and we being in- 
formed that there are several persons treating underhand 
with the Indians who would rent it from them or by 
some other means obtain an oppertunity of getting into 
possession thereof in order to obtain their sinister ends. 
Therefore we desire that you'l lodge a Caveat in the pro- 
per office to prevent such persons obtaining licence to 
purchase the afores d land or any part thereof, or that 
you'l act in this affair as you think most for the security 
of the corporation of this city who shall with due care 
pay you your costs in this affair. 

You must likewise understand that there is some wood 
land adjacent to the above Tract very convenient to us 
and we conceive that there are people now endeavoring 
to make purchase thereof who are gone to N. York for 
that purpose, therefore we desire you'l request of his 
Ex'cy the Governor that the corporation may have the 



The City Records. 65 

preference thereof, and that we entreat his Ex'cy may 
not give them a grant since we are inclinable to purchase 
it; but if you think entring a caveat to prevent that 
will be of service, we desire you may do it, for if we 
have not that wood land the other will be of little value 
in regard that it entirely encloses the tract contained in 
our Licence; therefore we hope his Ex'cy will grant us 
that favour & we desire that you'l favor us with your 
answer herein as soon as you can conveniently, &c. 

Sold unto Gerrit Van Sante a small lott triangle of 
ground lying in the first ward of this city to the south of 
the lott now in said Gerrits possession, containing to the 
south in length 48 feet and 9 inches & in the rear of s d 
lott to the west 17 feet, all Eng. measure, and to the 
north to run as farr to the front as to joyn the lott now 
in possession of the said Gerrit Van Sante, for which he is 
to pay eight pounds ten shillings upon perfecting the 
writeings and the other halfe in three months after date 
hereof and John De Peyster Esq. mayor, is hereby deputed 
to execute a deed to the said Garret Van Sante of said 
lott in behalf of the commonality. 

Sold to Jacob Eghmont a lott of ground in the first 
ward to the east of his lott where he now lives, con- 
taining to the south in the front ten feet, to the north ten 
feet and to the east and west 105 feet wood measure, 
for which he is to pay fifteen pounds or halfe the 14th 
October next the other halfe the 14th October following, 
for which the mayor to execute deeds as afores d . 

Whereas Johannis Cuyler Esq. has preferrd a Petition 
to us for Licence to purchase 50 morgan part of the land 
of Teionondroge, thereupon it shall be taken in consid- 
eration next meeting. 

Albany the 9th July 1730. 

It is agreed and concluded upon by the mayor, alder- 
men and commonality of this city that all persons inhabit- 
ing in this city who are desirous to purchase any part 
of a certain tract of land lying in the Mohawks country- 
known by the name of Tionnondroge that they shall 
come to the said mayor, aldermen and commonality who 



66 The City Records. 

will lett it out to such persons on the following terms, 
viz: 

That for obtaining the licence of this city for three 
years such person or persons shall pay for every twenty 
five morgan of s d land ten pounds, and after they shall 
have purchased land and improved the same then they 
shall render and deliver yearly and every year for ever 
at the city of Albany afores d eighteen bushels and three 
pecks or twenty five scheppel good merchantable winter 
wheat. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 14th Day of July Annoq Domini 1730. 

Mrs. Anna Kitchnaers delivered in her ace 1 of 4:3:6. 
Ordered that the Treasurer do pay the same. 

Ordered the Treasurer to pay to Mr. Evert Wendell 
the sum of 5:19:0, being in full for his ace 1 to this day. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this first Day of August Annoq Domini 1730. 

It is Resolved that the following lotts of ground be sold 
atapublick Vendue to the highest bidder this afternone: 

Which said vendue begun about two a clock accord- 
ingly; the following lotts where sold to the following 
persons upon condition to pay one third ready money, 
one third ihe first of August 1731 and the remainder, 
being the other one third, the first of February 173J. 

To Jeremiah Pemberton the lott No. two on the Plain 
to the east of Jacob Egmond, being broad before and be- 
hind 28 feet and in length on the east and west side 98J 
feet, all English measure, for the sum of 45:0:0. 

To Henry Holland jun'r, the lott No. four on the Plain 
to the east of being broad before and behind 28 

feet and in length on the east and west sides 98 J feet, all 
English measure, for the sum of 48:0:6. 

To Isaac Freyar the lott No. five on the Plain to the 
east of Henry Holland jun r, being broad before and be- 
hind 28 feet and in length on the east and west sides 98 J 
feet, all English measure, for the sum of 47:3. 



The City Records. 67 

To Gysbert Van Sante the lott No. six on the Plain to 
to the east of Isaac Freyar, being broad before and be- 
hind 28 feet and in length on the east and west sides 98- 
feet, all English measure, for the sum of 45:14. 

To Johannis Kiddeney the lott No. seven on the Plain 
to the east of Gysbert Van Sante, being broad before and 
behind 28 feet and in length on the east and west sides 
98 J feet, all English measure, for the sum of ,45:15. 

To John Haton the lott No. eight on the Plain to the 
east of Johannis Kideney, being broad before and behind 
28 feet and in length on the east and west sides 98 J feet, 
all English measure, for the sum of 46:12. 

To Johannis Ger 1 Lansingh the lot No. nine on the 
Plain to the east of John Haton. being broad before and 
behind 28 feet and in length on the east and west sides 
98 1 feet, all English measure, for the sum of 46:2. 

To Edward Holland the lott No. ten on the Plain to 
the east of Johannis Gerr 1 Lansingh, being broad before 
and behind 28 feet and in length on the east and west 
sides 98 J feet all English measure, for the sum of 45:7. 

To William Walderen the lott No. eleven on the Plain 
to the east of Edward Holland, being broad before and 
behind 28 feet and in length on the east and west sides 
98 feet, all English measure, for the sum of 47:11. 

To Jacob Glen the lott No. one on the hill to the west 
of the street. which goes along the lotts of Johannis 
Bleecker jun'r, Jurejan Hogan, &c., which said lott being 
broad before and behind 30 feet and in length on the 
east and west sides J20feet, all English measure, for 
the sum of 85: 10. 

To Isaac Lansingh the lott No. two on the Hill to the 
west of Jacob Glen, being broad before and behind 30 
feet and in length on the east and west side 120 feet, all 
English measure, for the sum of 55. 

To Richart Lansing the lott No. three on the Hill to 
the west of Isaac Lansingh, being broad before and be- 
hind 30 feet and in length on the east and west sides 120 
feet, all English measure, for the sum of 38. 

To Cornelis Cuyler the lott No. four on the Hill to the 



68 The City Records. 

west of Richart Hansen, being broad before and behind 
30 feet and in length on east end west sides 120 feet, all 
English measure, for the sum of 37:10. 

To Abraham Cuyler the lott No. five on the Hill to 
the west of Cornells Cuyler, being broad before and be- 
hind 30 feet and in length on the east and west sides 120 
feet, all English measure, for the sum of ,62. 

To Johannis Cuyler jun'r, the lott No. six on the Hill 
to the north of the Jott of Jacob Glen and to the west of 
the street, being broad before and behind 30 feet and in 
length on the south & north sides 100 feet, all English 
measure, forthe sum of 34:01. 

To Abraham Lansingh jun'r, the lott No. seven on the 
Hill to the north of Johannis Cuyler jun'r, being broad 
before and behind 30 feet and in length on the south and 
north sides 100 feet, all English measure, for the sum of 
32:10. 

Att a Common Council held at the City hall of the city 
of Albany the 7th August 1730. 

Whereas we have recied two Letters from John Cham- 
bers Esq., dated New York 18th & 30th July last and 
likewise one from Isaac Bobin Esq., dated 21st Do. month 
with the copy of a Petition of Walter Butler, George In- 
goldsby, Archibald Kennedy Jun'r, Edward Collins and 
John Avery, for 1200 acres of land near Tionondroge, 
dated 23d Do. month, to his Ex'y Jno. Montgomerie Esq. 
& in Councill, with the order of said Gov'r and Councill 
upon said Petition upon the Caveat of the Corporation of 
this city. 

Thereupon it being maturely considered that its abso- 
lutely necessary for the advantage of the city of Albany 
in this affair that the Mayor, Recorder and Jacob Beeck- 
man, alderman, and Isaac Lansingh, assistant, do forth- 
with repair to New York in order to proceed farther for 
the interest of this city, It is therefore resolved that they 
the s d Mayor, Recorder & Jacob Beeckman, alderman and 
Isaac Lansingh, assistant, do forthwith proceed in that 
voyage and that they have hereby full power and authority 



The City Records. 69 

to act, transact and forward all matters and things that 
tend most to the advantage of this city in as full and 
ample manner as if the full corporate body of this city 
was there present, and that they and each of them have 
and receive the daily allowance of ten shillings pr. day for 
defraying their expences on this voyage, to comence from 
to-morrow the 8th instant untill their return in Albany, 
the same to be paid by the corporation of this city, and 
likewise that there shall be a Canoe provided for the 
more ready dispatch in this affair, with persons to padle 
the same, if occasion, and in case the said mayor, recorder, 
Jacob Beeckman & Isaac Lansing should expend any 
money upon necessary occasions in this affair, that the 
said charges shall bs paid as aforesaid, clear and exclu- 
sive of the daily allowance provided hereby for the said 
mayor, recorder, Jacob Beeckman & Isaac Lansing; and 
it is further orderd that Barent Bratt, our treasurer, do 
pay unto the afores d mayor, recorder, Jacob Beeckman 
and Isaac Lansingh or either of them the sum of twenty 
pounds, for which they must render account at their re- 
turn. 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 22d Day of August Annoq Domini 1730. 

The Mayor, Recorder, Jacob Beeckman and Isaac 
Lansing returned from New York and made report that 
the Gov'r & Councill have referred the petition of Walter 
Butler in company for the 1200 acres of wood land near 
Tinondroge mentioned in the said Butlers Petition till 
the first Thursday in October next. 

Whereupon it is Resolved that a petition be presented 
to the Gov'r and Councill for four thousand acres of wood 
land adjoyning behind the low land at Tionondroge for 
this corporation, & that the Mayor, Recorder, Ryer Ger- 
retse & Cornelis Cuyler do prepare a petition to his Ex'y 
for the same accordingly. 

[Annals, ix.} 7 



70 The City Records. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
the 2d September Annoq Domini 1730. 

Whereas Dirck Van Veghten in behalf of his brother 
Leendert Van Vechte, on the 6th of Aug 1 last agreed 
with the mayor, aldermen and commonalty for a certain 
peice of ground scituate, lying and being at Skaaktikook 
on the south side of the Creek and to the west down s d 
creek about an English mile from the house of Dirck Van 
Vechten afores d , containing in up and low land fifteen 
morgan, upon the fol'g Terms: First, he is to pay the 
sum of ten pounds upon obtaining the indentures, and 
from the receipt of s d Indentures he is to enjoy the same 
for six Years free and clear of any rent t>r charge what- 
soever, and from and after the expiration of said six years 
to pay yearly and every year for ever in the city of Albany 
to the corporation of s d city ten skeple good merchantable 
winter wheat, which said Indentures the Mayor is to 
perfect in behalf of the corporation. 

The committee appointed in common councill on the 22d 
August last for prepairing a Petition to his Ex'cy Jno. 
Montgomerie Esq. in councill, haveing brought in a Peti- 
tion accordingly,- Orderd, therefore that Jno. DePeyster 
Esq. mayor, do sign the same in behalf of the corporation 
of this city. 

Whereas there was sixteen lotts of ground sold at 
public vendue, as appears by the minutes on the first 
August last, ordered that the mayor do perfect Deeds to 
the severall persons who have bought the said lotts, and 
that he sign & execute the same in behalf of the corpora- 
tion. 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

the 22d Day of September 1730. 

Sold to Gerrit V. D. Bergh, now Deputy Clerk of the 
city of Albany, a small peace or thryangle of ground to 
the front of his lott in the third ward of this city, being 
to the north about three or four foot & to the south about 
six or seven inches, and as broad as s d lott whereon his 



The City Records. 71 

house is now directed, for which he has paid twenty shil- 
lings to the corporation. 

Resolved that the mayor in behalf of this corporation 
execute a deed for the same. 

Sold to Marte Beeckman a small peice of ground lying 
in the third ward to the front of his lott and to the north 
of the house and lott of Gerrit V. D. Bergh, being in 
breadth as broad as the lott of the s d Marte Beeckmans 
lott, and as far out in the street as the house of the said 
Gerrit V. D. Bergh, for which he is to pay the sum of thirty 
shillings, and the mayor is to execute a deed for the same. 

Sold to Ryer Gerritse a small peice of ground lying in 
the first ward behind the lott of s d Ryer Gerritse thereunto 
adjoining on the east end of s d lott, being in length six 
foot Rynland measure and in breadth thirty-nine foot 
wood measure, so as it is now in fence, for which the s d 
Ryer Gerritse is to pay twenty shillings; for which the 
mayor is to execute a deed for the same. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of the city 
of Albany the 24th September 1730. 

Abraham Lansing by his petition dated the 24th day of 
September 1730, setts forth that there is a peice of ground 
about six foot broad and as long as the s d Abraham Lan- 
singhs lotts thereunto adjoying. 

Resolved that the s d petition be taken in consideration. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 29th Day of September Annoq. Domini 1730. 
In persuance of the directions of the Charter of the city 
of Albany two aldermen, two asssistants and one consta- 
ble being chosen this day in each respective ward of said 
city by plurality of voths, by 'the inhabitance of each re- 
spective wards who have right to chuse, and return being 
made, who are as followed: 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Ryer Gerritse Isaac Lansingh 

Tobyas Ryckman Johannis Ostrander. 

Petrus Ryckman Jun'r, Constable. 



72 The City Records. 

Second Ward. 

Cornelius Cuyler Johan's Beeckman 

John Roseboom Nicholas Bleecker 

James Bunton, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Samuel Pruyn Gerrit Lansingh Jun'r 

Jacob Lansingh John Vischer Jun'r. 

Joseph Yates jr., Constable. 

Barent Bratt chosen & appointed City Chamberlain 
or Treasurer for this insueing year. 

Peter Goewy appointed high Constable for the insueing 

year. 

Alt a Common Councill held in the City Hall of Albany 

the 10th Day of Octob'r Annoq Domini 1730. 
Whereas the Prinsepall Shaims of the Moquas Indians 
haveing send three Messengers on the 8th of this instant 
to this corporation to desire them to come to the Moquas 
Country, that they where now fully resolved to sign over 
to this corporation the one thousand acres of low land 
on both sides of Teinondoroge Creek or River, granted 
to the said corporation by their city charter. 

Whereupon it is Resolved that John De Peyster Esq'r, 
mayor, Dirck Ten Broeck Esq'r, recorder, Ryer Gerritse, 
Jacob Lansing, and Cornelius Cuyler Esq'rs, aldermen, 
and John Vischer jr., assistant, are appointed a committe 
to go to the Moquas Country and have full power to act 
and agree for the said land, with the said Indians upon 
such conditions as the said committe shall judge most 
beneficiall for this city; and that each person of y e above 
named committe shall have for their service six shillings 
per day so long as they are upon that service, besides all 
reasonable charges, 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 14th Day of October Annoq Domini 1730. 
John De Peyster Esq'r, mayor, Dirck Ten Broeck Esq. 
recorder, Ryer Gerritse, Jacob Lansingh and Cornelius 
Cuyler Esq'rs, aldermen, and John Vischer Jun'r, assist- 
ant, who were appointed a committe the 10th instant to 



The City Records. 73 

go to the Moquas Country, with full power to act & agree 
with the Moquas Indians for the flatts on both sides of 
Tinnondoroges Creek or River, which said committe be- 
ing returned, and produed a deed executed by the s d In- 
dians to this corporation, bearing date the 12th of this 
instant. 

The following aldermen, assistance and constables are 
sworn for the insuing year (viz). 

The first ward, Ryer Geritse, Tobyas Ryckman, Esqr's, 
aldermen; Isaac Lansingh, Johan's Ostrande, assistance; 
Petrus Ryckman, Jun'r, constable. 

The second ward, Cornelis Cuyler, Johan's Roseboom, 
Jun'r, Esq'rs aldermen; Nicholas Bleecker, Jun'r, ass't; 
James Bunton, constable. 

The third ward, Sarnuell Pruyn, Jacob Lansingh, Esq's, 
aldermen; Gerritt Lansingh jun'r, Johan's Vischer jun'r, 
assistance; Joseph Yates jun'r, constable. 

Barent Bratt sworn as chamberlain or treasurer. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this 15th Day of October Annoq Domini 1730. 
The severall accounts as debts due from the corpora- 
tion to the severall persons hereunder named where ex- 
amed and allowed, amounting in the whole to the sume 
of one hundred & fourty-nine pounds four shillings five 
pence halfpenny. 

Ordered y 1 a warrant be issued out to the treasurer for 
the payment of the same (viz). 
To Jeremiah Van Rensselaer for firewood and one fatt 

sheep - - - - - 10: 0: 

To Philip Livingston, for his service as clerk 

of y e Comonality for y e year past - - 12: 0: 
To Johannis Seger, as Marchel and other 

service - - - - 8:16: 

To Jacob Eggemont, as Belleman - - 15: 0: 
To Jeremiah Pemerenten as do. - - - 13:18: 
To Ragel Radliff, wed. of Joh's Radliff - - 5: 0: 

Carried over 64:14: 



74 



The City Records. 



Brought over 

To John De Peyster, per ace 1 
To Dirck Ten Broeck, Do. 
To Ryer Gerritse Do. 

To Jacob Beeckman Do. 
To Cornells Cuyler Do. 

To Jacob Lansingh Do. 
To Tobyas Ryckman Do. 
To Johan's Vischer J'r Do. 
To Isaac Lansingh Do. 

To Jan Rosie Do. 

To Anna Kitchnaers Do. 
To Joseph Clement Do. 
To William Hogan Do. 

To John Dunbar Do. 

To Volkert Douw Do. 

To David A. Schuyler Do. 
To Henry Holland Jun'r Do. 
To Edward Collins Do. 

To Johannis E. Wendell Do. 



64:14: 

12:05:10J 

12:14: 

2:11: 

7: 2: 3 



149: 4: 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of the city 
of Albany this 21st Day of November Annoq Domini 
1730. 

Whereas John De Peyster Esq., mayor, produced a 
commission under the road Seal of this Province con- 
stituting him, the said John De Peyster, mayor, coroner 
and clerk of the market of the city and county of Albany 
aforesaid; whereupon the said John De Peyster took the 
oaths usuall in such cases, as likewise the oath for true 
performanee of his office. 

Goose Van Schaick took likewise the oaths of allegiance 
as usuall, and likewise the oath for true performance of 
his office of sheriff of the city and county of Albany by 
virtue of a commission under the broad seal of this Pro- 
vince. 



The City Records. 75 

Johannis Beeckman Jun'r took the oaths as usual as 
assistant in comon councill for the second ward. 
Peter Goewy sworn as high constable. 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of the s d city 
of Albany this 5th Day of December Annoq Do. 1730. 

By an ordinance this day published the following per- 
sons are appointed firemasters in each respective ward as 
follows (viz) : First ward, Nicholas Van Schaick, Ben- 
jamin Bogart. Second ward, Petrus Vanderlyn, Jacobus 
Groesbeeck. Third ward, Gerrit B. Vanden Bergh, Cille- 
jan Winne. 

Ordered y l hooks & leaders be made with all speed & be 
kept in conveniant places within this city for avoiding 
the peril of fire. 

It is also ordered that weights and measures be sent 
for early in the spring from N. York from y e city sealer 
or stamper there, which s d weights and measurers to be 
and remain for a standert for this city for all other weights 
measurers to be regulated thereby. 

Whereas James Bunton, constable of the second ward 
of this city is removed out of the s d city, wherefore it is 
hereby ordered that another fitt person be elected and 
chosen in his place on Tuesday next, being the eight inst. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of the said 
city of Albany this 10th Day of December Annoq Do. 1730. 

The aldermen of the second ward returned Jerem'h 
Mandeviel who was chosen for a petty constable in the 
rome of James Button and was sworn this day to execute 
the said office accordingly. 

Whereas by a resolve of the 9th of July last it was 
agreed and concluded that all persons inhabiting in this 
city who were desireous to purchase any part of a certain 
tract of land lying in the Mohawks country, known by 
the name of Tionnondroge, that they shall come to the 
said mayor, aldermen and commonality who will lett it 
out to such persons on terms therein mentioned, which 
said Resolve is hereby annuld and made void. 



76 The City Records. 

A Petition of Mr. Evert Wendell being this day pre- 
sented in common councill, It is ordered that the same 
be taken into consideration the next meeting. . 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
the 19th December 1730. 

This day sold to Richard Hilton a lott of ground in the 
first ward on the Plain next adjoynin^ to the east of the 
lott No. 2, belonging to Jeremiah Pemerton, being in 
breadth in the front & rear tvrenty-eight foot and in 
length on the east and west sides of said lott 98 foot all 
English measure, for the sum of forty-six pounds to pay 
in the following manner, viz 1 , upon perfecting deed of 
sale thereof by the mayor 15:6:8, being | part of said 
46, and the next J being 15:6:8, to be paid at or be- 
fore the 19th December 1731, and 15:6:8, being the 
payment, at or before the 19th day of June 1732 ; and it 
is likewise agreed that the said Richard Hilton shall pay 
the charges accrewing on the writeings to be made and 
perfected on sale of the afores d lott and to give bond with 
security for payment of the two last mentioned payments. 

Whereas a lott of ground Number ten on the plain in 
this city, seituate to the east of the lott purchas d by Jo- 
hannis Gerritse Lansingh, containing in breadth in front 
and rear 28 foot and in length on the east and west sides 
98J foot, all English measure, was by publick vendue 
sold unto Edward Holland on the first of August last and 
the s d Edw d Holland declining to have s d lott, now Robert 
Kidway having applied himselfe unto us and desired to 
buy the said lott, we do therefore sell him the said lott 
for the sum of 47 pound to be paid in manner following, 
viz 1 : 15:13:4, being one third of the afores d sum of 47 
upon perfecting a deed of sale of said lott by the mayor, 
and the next 15:13:4 at or before the 19th December, 

1731, and the last 15:13:4 at or before the 19th June, 

1732, and likewise that the s d Robert Kidney shall pay 
the charges on the writeings to be perfected of s d lott as 
afores d , and to give bond with security for payment of 
the two last mentioned payments. 



The City Records. 77 

Whereas Johannis Seger^has applyed himselfe unto us 
desireing to buy a lott of ground on the plain in the first 
ward, scituate adjoyning to the north of the lott of Jacob 
Eghmont being in front to the west two rod and halfe, 
and in the rear two rod and halfe, and in length nine 
rod, all Ryland measure, which said lott we sell to the 
s d Job's Seger for the sum of 40, on the following terms: 
to pay 10 upon perfecting a deed of sale thereof by the 
mayor of this city, and ,10 in one year after perfecting 
s d writeings, and 10 at six months ensuing the s d second 
payment, and the last 10 at six months ensuing the 
said third payment, and to pay the charge of writeing 
the said deed with bond and security for payment of the 
afores d last three payments, 

Whereas Andries Brat has applied himselfe unto us 
desireing to buy a lott of ground on the plain in the first 
ward, seituate adjoyning to the north of the lott of Johan- 
nis Seger, being in front to the west two rod and halfe 
and in the rear two rod and halfe, and in length nine 
rod, all Ryland measure, which said lott we sell to the 
s d Andries Brat for the sum of 40, on the foll'g terms: 
to pay 10 upon perfecting a deed of sale thereof by the 
mayor of this city and 10 in one year after perfecting said 
writeings and 10 at 6 months ensuing the said second 
payment, and the last 10 at six months ensuing the 
said third payment and to pay the charge of writeing the 
said deed with bond and security for payment of the said 
last three payments. All which deeds it is Resolved that 
the mayor of this city for the time being do execute in 
behalf of the comonality. 

Att a Common Council held at the City hall of Albany 

this 5th Day of January Annoq Domini 173^. 
The Petitition of Mr. Evert Wendell, dated the 10th 
day of December 1730, being taken into consideration, 
but finding by experience y e same to be detrimental and 
prejudicial to the inhabitance of this city if granted; 
Whereupon its Resolved nimne contradisinted that the 
said petition be rejected. 



78 The City Records. 

But this Board taking further into consideration his ser- 
vices, treble, writeing & interpreting & assisting in optain- 
ing a deed for the land in the Moquas country called Tin- 
nonderoge, purchased from the Mohaws Indians, do allow 
the said Wendell for y e same service above mentioned the 
sum of fifteen pounds. 

Ordered that the Treasurer of this city do pay the said 
fifteen pounds to the s d Wendell or his orders , he giveing 
a receipt for the same to the said treasurer in full for his 
services, &c., above mentioned, and y l the treasurer be 
served with a copy hereof. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 7th Day of Jan'y 173f. 

It is Resolved that a Market house shall be made in 
the third ward of this city on the Square in the middle of 
the street between the houses of Leendert Gansevoort 
and Johannis De Wandelaer. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 27th Day of January Annoq Domini 173-?-. 

Whereas Barent Bratt, Treasurer or Chamberlain of 
this city havein a considerable sum of money in his hands 
of this commonality, and they have at present no occasion 
to lay out the same, its therefore Resolved that the said 
treasurer to put or lett out the same upon interest for y e 
use of this corporation to any sufficient person or persons 
with good securities, and that for a year and at seven 
persent at least. 

Ordered that Barent Bratt, treasurer, doe give William 
Walderen credit on his bond due to this comon'ty the 
sum of eleven shillings, being allow d him for his paying 
ready money before it was due on the bond & part of the 
third payment of his lott which he had bought of this 

comonality. 

At a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
this 27th Day of March Annoq Domini 1731. 

It is ordered that Barent Bratt, city treasurer, do pay 
unto Gerrit Van Benthuysen the sum of eighteen shillings 
it being for six loods of wood. 



The City Records. 79 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 
this 10th Day of April Annoq Do. 1731. 

It is agreed by the comonality that Abraham Fort and 
Isaac Fort shall have each of them a morgan of land upon 
the Island reserved for the Indians, that is if the said In- 
dians have no occation for the s d land, and that for the 
term so long as that <he s' 1 Abraham and Isaac Fort have 
agreed with this corporation to keep the said fence about 
the s d Island, reserved for the Indians to plant on. 

This day published three ordinances and entered the 
same in a book kept for that purpose. 

Att a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany 

this first Day of May Annoq Domini 1731. 
Whereas Evert Wendell has taken in with a fence some 
of the city ground lying on the north side of the Beavers 
kill and to the west of the fence of the wed'w Casperse, 
without leave or lysence of the commonality, & he being 
required to take up the said fence, and refuseing so to do, 
It is therefore ordered to send two fitt persons to cutt & 
take down the s d fence, and the persons agreed to under- 
take to execute the same are Roliff Kidney & Richard 
Hilton, and this commonality do ingage to indamnify the 
said Roliff Kidney & Richard Hilton and to make them- 
selfs defend'ts in there place. 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 

this 13th day of May 1731. 

This day appeared in common council Aderjan Quack- 
enboss and offered to sell the land at Schaahkook now in 
his possession to the said common council according to 
the tennor of the indenture, but they not thinking meet to 
purchase the same have unanimously agreed that the s d 
Aderjan Quackenbosc have liberty to dispose of y e s d 
land to Daniel Kittlethuyn. 

Att a Commonality held in the City hall of Albany this 

21st Day of June 1731. 
Henderius Vander Wercke haveing offeredr {$ 




80 The City Records. 

land at Skaahkook now in his possessions to the said 
common council according to the tennorof the indenture, 
but they not thinking neet to purchase the same have 
unanimously agreed that the said Henderius Vander- 
wercke have liberty to dispose of the said land to Aderjan 
Quackenboss. 

Mr. John Waters delivered in his account of twenty- 
three pounds two shillings and three pence for a treat to 
his Excel! 'cy and one upon the Kings birth day, as also 
for severall meetings ; ordered that the treasurer pay the 
same. 

It is Resolved that the inhabitants in each ward have 
liberty on their own charges to build and erect a publick 
market house in such convenient place as the common- 
ality shall order and direct, and whereas the mayor in 
behalf of several of the inhabitants of the first ward peti- 
tioned for to have liberty to sett the market house for 
the first ward on the ground opposite to the house of 
Col. John Schuyler, which is granted accordingly. 

And whereas the Recorder, Aldermen & assist's in be- 
half of severall of the Inhabitants of the third ward peti- 
tioned for Liberty to sett the market house for the third 
ward on the ground behind the lotts of Geertruy Schuylers 
and Domini Van Driese, at the water side, which is also 
granted accordingly. 

And whereas Johan's Roseboom, in behalf of severall 
of the Inhabitants of the second ward petitioned for to 
have liberty to build a wal upon their own charge in the 
middle of the Cross street opposite the houses of Gerluyn 
Verplanck, Johannis Beekman, Juu'r, Anthony Van 
Schaick, Jun'r and y e lott of ground of Johannis Bleecker 
Jun'r, which is granted accordingly. 

Whereas the water occasioned by rain running down 
the path of Schenectady at the north side of the Fort, 
which not only spiles the path but also a great greavons 
and detterment to the inhabitants liveing below the same, 
Ordered that the s d water be stopt and brought to vent 
in the foxes creek at y e charge of the city. 



(81) 



A LIST OF THE HEADS OF FAMILIES 

AND 

THE NUMBER OF MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN EACH 
HOUSEHOLD IN THE CITY AND COUNTY OP ALBANY, THE 

16TH OF JUNE, 1697. 

The references in the left margin are to the nationality of the individuals. 



Men. Women. Children. 


Joannis Harmense 


1 


1 


1 


Myndert Schuyler 


1 


1 


1 


Joannes Schuyler 


1 


1 


ii 


Aryantie Wendels 





1 


3 


Alida Schuyler 





1 


4 


Pieter Van Brugh 


1 


1 


1 


Marities Lervens 





1 


3 


Margaret Schuyler 





1 





Melgert Abrahamse 


1 


1 


3 


Wouter Van Derzee 


1 


1 





Pieter Van Olinde 


1 


1 


3 


David Schuyler 


1 


1 


2 


Mrs. Bradshaw 





1 


1 


William van Alen 


1 


1 


1 


William Ketelhyn, 


1 


1 


2 


Lucas Lucase 


1 


1 


3 


Jan Bratts Widdow 





1 


5 


Roelof Gerritse 


1 


1 


6 


f Jan Rosie 


1 


1 





Isaac Casperse 


1 


1 


3 


Hendrick Marselis 


1 








Hendrick Haes 


1 


1 


2 


Joannis Becker Jun'r, 


1 


1 


3 


Jacob Staets 


1 




1 


Dirck Van der Heyde 


1 




4 


I William Hogan 


1 




3 


Joannis Teller 


1 




3 


John Fyne 


1 







Hendrick Lansing 


1 




2 


[ Annals , ix.] 8 









82 Heads of Families in 1697. 

Men. Women. Children, 

1 

1 1 

E John Carr 110 

E James Parker 100 

1 5 

1 4 

1 

1 

1 1 

1 1 

1 5 

1 1 

E Joseph Yeats ... . 116 

Sp Joseph Janse 112 

E Jonathan Broadhurst 114 



1 5 
1 
1 5 
1 2 
1 7 
1 



1 6 
1 6 
1 9 
1 
1 2 
1 



1 4 



1 1 
1 4 
1 3 
1 1 
1 




Wouter van der Uythof... 


1 


Paulus Martinse 


1 


John Carr , 


... 1 


James Parker 


1 


Hendrick Oothout 


I 


Colo. Pieter Schuyler 


1 


Pieter Van Woglom 


1 


Jacob Winne 


1 


Teunis Dirkes 


1 


Abraham Staets 


... 1 


Benoni van Corlaer 


2 


Jurian van Hoese 


1 


Joseph Yeats 


1 


Joseph Janse 


1 


Jonathan Broadhurst 


1 


Jan Verbeeck 


1 


Eghbert Teunisse 


1 


Leendert Phillipse 


1 


Albert Ryckman 


4 


Fredrick Harmense 


1 


Jacob Cornelisse Bogart... 


1 


Omie Lagrange Jun'r 


1 


WillemHolie 


1 


Harman Gansevoort 


... 1 


Jan Quackebosse 


1 


Jan Salomonse 


1 


Godefridus Dellius 


1 


Hendrick Hanse 


1 


Catelyntie Schuyler 





Jacobus Schuyler 


1 


Geart hendrikse 


1 


Jacob van Schoonhoven 


1 


Joannis Bratt 


1 


Wessel ten Broeck 


1 


Frans Winne 


1 


Maria Lookerman 





Gerrit Ryckse 


1 


Ryer Gerritse 


1 



Heads of Families in 1697. 



83 



Men. Women. Children. 


Ja,n Vonda .. 




1 


1 


Harpert Jacobse 


1 





W illem Gysberse 


2 


5 


Takel Dirckse 


2 


1 


Jan Cornelisse Viselaer 1 





Jacob Teunisse 


1 


6 


Anna Ketelheyn 





3 


Johannis Thomasse 


1 


1 


Effie hanse... 







1 


Johannes hanse 


1 





Barent Albertse Brat 


1 


1 


Cornells Van 


Ness 


1 


1 


Anna Vander 


heyden 





3 


Volkert van hoese 


1 ] 


L 5 


Tierck Harmense 


1 ] 


L 4 


Anthony Brat 




1 ] 


L 4 


Jacobus Van Vorst 


200 


Thomas Harmense 


1 1 2 


Joannes D'Wandelaer Junior.. 


1 


Jan Van Ness . 




1 ] 


L 4 


Gerret Van Ness 


I 1 2 


Willem Claesse 


1 J 


I 3 


Myndert Fredrickse 


4 1 


Tryntie Carstense 


1 


2 


S weer Marcelis 


1 


Pieter Bogardus 


3 1 3 


Hendrick Van 


Rensselaer 


1 1 


L 3 


Abraham Wendel 


1 


Evert Wendel 


212 


Dirck Wesselse 


2 1 


4 


Anthony Coster 


1 


Isaac Ouderkerk 


1 ] 


L 1 


Bastiaen Harmenss 


1 ] 


L 5 


Thomas Williams 


1 1 3 


Anthony Van 


Schaick 


1 ] 


L 4 


Hendrick Roseboom 


1 ] 


L 1 


Jonathan Janse 


1 ] 


L 


Rj^er Jacobse 




1 ] 


L 4 


Cornells Schermerhoorn 


1 


L 2 



84 Heads of Families in 1697. 

Men. Women. Children. 

Abraham Kip 1 I 3 

Jacob Lookerman 110 

FransPruyn 314 

Anthony Bries 112 

Catalyntie Jacobse . . . . .. Oil 

Gysbert Marcelis 113 

Warnaer Carstense 110 

Wouter Quackenboss Jun'r 110 

Claes Ryrse Van Dam 110 

Abraham Lansing 100 

^ Evert Wendel Junior 1 1 6 

Geertie ten Eyck 014 

Barent & Hendrick Ten Eyck .200 

Abraham Cuyler 113 

Steven Groesbeeck 100 

Marten Cregier 1 1 5 

Jillis Vonda 1 1 

Johannis Roseboom 113 

E John Gilbert 115 

DanielBrat 110 

Abraham chuyler 1 1 2 

EstherTiercks 1 1 

Joannes Appel .. 110 

Claes Jacobse 211 

William Jacobse 112 

Lucas Gerritse 311 

Johannis Beekman 1 1 6 

Isaac Verplanck 2 1 6 

So Robert Livingston 315 

Phillip d'foreest 1 1 5 

Hendrick Van Dyk 1 1 4 

Jacobus Turck 114 

Harmanus Wendel 100 

Phillip Wendel 1 1 3 

Melgert Wendel 1 1 

Joannes Lucase Ill 

Melgert Melgertse Ill 

Joannes Bleeker Jun'r -. 112 



Heads of Families in 1697. 85 

Men. Women. Children. 

Joannis Glenn 100 

Jan Janse Bleeker 211 

Hemlrik Roseboom Junior 112 

Nanning Harmense . . 1 1 3 

Abraham Tewisse ... 1 

Pieter Mingael 110 

Claes Rust 200 

Jan Vinhagen 211 

Gerrit Lansing 213 

JanNack 311 

Jan Lansing 214 

Gerrit Roseboom 113 

Cornelis Slingerland.....-.- . 

Albert Slingerland 1 1 

Gerret Lucasse . 1 1 1 

Cornelis Sherloyn 115 

Myndert Roseboom 100 

Dirck Brat 113 

Joannes Oothout 114 

David Ketelheyn Ill 

Maes Cornelisse 1 1 5 

Hillegont Rykse 012 

Maes Rykse 100 

Weduwe Gerritze . .. . Oil 

Jan Gerritze 100 

Daniel Ketelheyn Ill 

Mees Hogeboom 211 

f Pieter Villeroy 117 

Marcelis ffranse 1 1 

Rachel Ratcliffe 1-7 

So farr in the Corporation. 

Kiliaen Van Renselaer 100 

Hendrick van Ness 316 

Harman Janse .... 214 

Andries Gardenier . 116 

DouweVonda 213 

Wouter Quackenboss 114 

Jan Dirckse . . ... 1 1 



86 Heads of Families in 1697. 

Men. Women. Children. 

Evert Ridder 1 1 3 

Cornells Teunisse 314 

Dorothe Douw Oil 

Andries Douw 300 

Geertruy Janse ... 1 

Thomas Janse 100 

Lucas Janse 112 

Marten Corn elisse 201 

Gerrit Gysbertse 1 1 5 

Claes va Petten 215 

Joannes Ouderkerck 4 1 

Joannes Ouderkerck Junior.. . 114 

Hendrick Beekman 1 1 5 

Barent Coeymans 4 3 

Pieter van Slyck 114 

Teunis van Slyek Ill 

Barent Gerritzey 214 

Cornells Hendrikse 200 

Elisabeth hendrikse Oil 

Gerretie Jacobse 016 

Jan Spoor.- 116 

Levinus Winne 2 

Casper Leenderse 1 5 

Daniel Winne 

Gerrit van Wey 

Ryk Michielse 

Jan huybertz and his Mother.. 110 

Claes Sewertse 100 

Neeltie van Bergen 015 

Richard Janse 100 

Matthys hoofttyling 2 1 3 

Arent Slingerlant 133 

Salomon Van Vechten 100 

Cornells Tymese. 310 

Joannes Hanse 116 

Cornells Stevense 219 

Cornells Martense 114 

TysJanse 1 1 3 



Heads of Families in 1697. 



87 



Men. Women. Children. 


Robert Tewise 


1 


1 


4 


Isaac Janse 


1 





2 


Nicolaes Janse 


1 


1 


4 


Jan Tewise 


... 1 


1 


1 


Servis Abrahamse 


1 


1 


3 


Jacob Janse 


1 


1 


7 


Hans Jurys Wife 





1 


4 


Jan Salisbury 


2 


1 


1 


Joannis Visbeek 


... 1 


1 


5 


ffranck Hardin 


1 


1 


7 


Jan Van hoese 


1 








Carel hanse 


1 


1 


5 


Jochim Lamberts 


... 3 


1 


4 


Isaac Vosburgh 


1 


1 


4 


Gerret Jacobse . . 


1 


1 


2 


Andries Hengh 


... 3 


1 


5 


Samuel Gardner 


1 


1 


3 


Lambert Jochimse 


1 


1 


2 


Edward Wheeler 


1 


1 


3 


Jacob Bastiaense 


1 


1 


6 


Pieter Vosburgh 


1 


1 


3 


Pieter Martense 


1 


1 


3 


Jan Tyse 


.. 3 


1 


1 


Hendrik De Brouwer 


2 


1 


1 


Jan De Wever 


1 





2 


Abraham Janse 


1 


1 


2 


Lambert Janse 


1 


1 


4 


Adam Dingmans 


1 


1 


3 


Lowreiis Van Aelen 


.. 5 





2 


Jannetie Bevers 


.. 6 


1 


2 


Andries hanse 


.. 2 


1 


1 


frans Pieterse 


1 


1 


1 


Johannes Janse 


1 


1 


6 


Coenraedt hooftylingh 




1 


2 


helmer Janse 




1 





Phillip Konnings 




1 


6 


Jan Casperse 




1 


4 


William Janse 




I 






88 



Heads of Families in 1697. 



Michiel Collier 


Men. Women. Children. 
113 


Jan Alberse 


1 


1 


4 


Jacob Casperse 


1 




5 


Andries Bratt 


1 




3 


Pap f John Van Loon 


1 




6 


Jan Bronck 


3 




6 


Andries Janse 


3 




4 


Gerrit Teunisse 


3 







Jonas Douw 


1 




5 


Jan Baptist 


1 




2 


Dirck Teunisse 


4 




1 


4Gysbert Cornelisse 
Willem Jan Shutt 


2 
..... 3 





2 


Pap Hillebrant 


1 


1 


3 


Schanegtade. 








Joannis Glenn 


1 


1 


fl 


Adam Vrooman 


1 


1 


3 1 


Abraham Groot 


1 


1 


1 3 


Barent Wemp 


1 


1 


5 1 


Isaac Switz 


1 


1 


6 


Engeltie Baxter 


2 


1 


1 


CJaes Laurense 


1 


1 


5 


E Jonathan Stevens 


1 


1 


3 


harman Vedder 


3 


1 


1 


Dirk Bratt 


1 


1 


3 


Gys. Gerritse 


1 


1 


5 


E Thomas Smith 


1 


1 


4 


Jan Baptist , 


1 








Elisabeth Viele 





1 


1 


harmanus Vedder 


1 


1 


3 1 


Cornelis Van Slyk 


2 








Gerrit Symonse 


1 


1 


3 


Geese Vroman 





1 


5 


E William Hall 


1 


1 


5 


Josias Swart 


1 


1 


4 


E Jeremiah Shikstone 


1 


1 


4 


Douvve Ankus 


2 


1 


3 


the Widdow Makelyk 





1 


1 



Heads of Families in 1697. 89 

Men. Women. Children. 

Simon Groot 310 

Daniel Janse 216 

Jacobus Van Dyck Ill 

Hendrick Broer 114 

E Daniel .Mathercraft 1 1 2 

Jacobus Beeck 116 

E Phillip Harris 3 1 

Jan Mebbee 116 

Symon Groot Junior 113 

ArentVedder 1 1 4 

Elisabeth Brouwer 017 

Marten Paulusse 1 1 

Claes Bockhoven 1 1 05 

E Jonathan Dyer 113 

Eytie Resting 010 

Samuel Bratt 116 

DirckHaeffe 1 1 

Cornells Slingerland 1 

Goose Van fort 102 

Phillip Phillipse 1 1 

Gerrardus Carrysford -- 114 

John Lucasse.. 110 



Totall 380 271 805 

& 14 Negroes at Schanegtade. 

[The MS. has the following memorandum: " List of 
the names & number of Inhabitants in y e City and County 
of Albany given me by y e Mayor of Albany, 31 July 1698." 
The total number is not correctly given. There were : 

In the city of Albany 379 279 803 

In Schenectady 50 41 133 

In other parts of the county. 143 80 277 
Exclusive of the fourteen negroes at Schenectady ; there- 
fore, according to the foregoing list, the total number of 
residents in the city and county of Albany was : men 
379, women 270, children 803; making an aggregate of 
1452]. 



(90) 
BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS 

OF 

PHYSICIANS IN ALBANY COUNTY. 

BY DR. SYLVESTER D. W1LLARD. 

WILHELMUS MANCIUS 

Was born in the county of Ulster, N. Y., in the year 
1738. He was the son of George Wilhelmus Mancius, a 
doctor in medicine and a minister of the gospel in Ulster 
county, who came from Germany. He studied his pro- 
fession with his father, and came to Albany to practice. 
He spoke both the high and low Dutch languages. 
He was a tall man, measuring over six feet, of command- 
ing appearance, of eccentric habits, but possessed of 
agreeable manners, and a fund of good humor, which 
gave him great popularity. He enjoyed a large and remu- 
nerative practice.. His office was situated on what is 
now known as 581 Broadway, a property which he owned, 
and which is now occupied by his grandson Mr. George 
Mancius, as a drug store, he being the last and only 
surviving male descendant of the family. Dr. Mancius 
was, at the time of his death, a partner of Dr. Hunloke 
Woodruff. By careful observation he had attained con- 
siderable skill, but he had less knowledge of theory than 
his more learned partner. As might be expected, in the 
discussions on medical topics which frequently arose be- 
tween them, he was most often the weaker party, but 
his final retort, in order to close these arguments was, 
Ah ! de cure ! Hunloke, de cure is de great ting I cure.' 9 
A rebuke so keen the theorist felt, because with all his 
philosophy, it is said he possessed the least skill. I may 
be pardoned for alluding to another incident which would 
scarcely add dignity to a member of our profession at this 
day. The doctor, it is said, attended many of the wealthy 



Physicians of Albany County. 91 

farmers surrounding the city, and never scrupled to draw 
liberally upon their well supplied stores. He was punctual 
to settle these accounts, but always found out first the 
amount of them before presenting his own bill." It was 
a strange circumstance that no matter how large the 
amounts were, " it was exactly the amount of his bill." 
Shoe bills, and others were settled in the same manner. 
We are told that on one occasion, Richard Smith, a rich 
farmer, who had settled with the doctor in this way before 
he made out his bill ; it was found on comparison, ihat the 
doctor's "just matched it." He then recollected that he 
had omitted certain items which could not escape the 
doctor's memory when mentioned. The result was a 
balance in his favor, and the doctor promptly paid it over. 
Dr. Mancius was chairman at the first meeting of the 
County Medical Society, but his name does not appear 
again on its minutes. He died on the 22d October, 1808, 
at the age of seventy years. 

HUNLOKE WOODRUFF 

Was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and was a 
descendant by his maternal ancestry of Chancellor 
Hyde, afterwards Earl of Clarendon, so famous in Eng- 
lish politics two centuries ago. He was graduated at 
Princeton college about the year 1774. His instructor 
in medicine was Dr. Malaci Treat. At the commence- 
ment of the revolutionary war, Dr. Woodruff" espoused 
the cause of the colonies, and was appointed surgeon 
in one of the New York regiments, in which he served 
until peace was declared. He accompanied the northern 
army to Canada, and was at the siege and taking of Fort 
St. John. He was with Col. Gansevoort during the 
whole siege of Fort Stanwix, and attended General Sul- 
livan in his expedition against the hostile Indians of 
western New York. As the army was proceeding toward 
Montreal, the doctor and an officer were marching to- 
gether. Coming to a tree they passed it on opposite 
sides and were almost together again, when a cannon 
ball from the enemy whistled between them and struck 



92 Physicians of Albany County. 

the tree. Neither felt any extraordinary effect from the 
passage of the ball, and the circumstance the doctor 
used as a practical demonstration against the prevailing 
opinion that the passage of a cannon ball would by con- 
cussion cause the death of any person near to whom it 
might pass. At the siege of Fort Stanwix, Captain 
Gregg and several others ventured beyond the lines of 
safety, and were surprised by Indians. Some of the 
party were scalped and left for dead. A faithful dog 
who had accompanied them, licked the blood from his 
master's face -ad then went to the fort and created an 
alarm which led to the discovery. Dr. Woodruff was 
one of the number who went from the fort in search of 
the party. Standing at length beside a body which he 
supposed dea.di and whose visage was obscured by 
masses of blood, he was startled by a low, sepulchral 
voice, exclaiming, " Doctor, don't you know me?" The 
scalped and wounded man proved no other than his 
friend, Captain Gregg,* the owner of the dog. Dr. Wood- 
ruff took him to the fort, where with much care, he 
recovered, and survived many years. After the conclu- 
sion of the war, Dr. Woodruff settled at Albany, where 
he acquired quite an extensive practice. In the last 
years of his life, he was greatly afflicted with scrofula, 
which gradually increased and finally caused his death, 
on the 4th July, 1811, at the age of fifty-nine. He was 
a man of philosophic mind, characterized by charity and 
hospitality, valuing money only as it contributed to the 
comforts of his family and friends. By the public he 
was highly esteemed. An excellent likeness of him, 
painted by an Albany artist, Mr. Ames, is in possession 
of his family. 

* Since the above was written, a friend of mine (who is this day 
eighty-four years old, Sept. 14, 1857), informs me that she was well 
acquainted with Capt. James Gregg, and that she has frequently seen 
the two scalps which the Indians had cut from his head, but which 
in their hurry to escape the party from the fort they left behind them. 
Capt. G. died at Governor Taylor's, in Albany, in the house now oc- 
cupied by Gen. John Taylor Cooper. s. D. w. 



Physicians of Albany County. 93 

WILLIAM MCCLELLAND 

Was born in the shire of Galloway in Scotland, in 
the year 1769. He received his medical education at 
Edinburgh, and immediately afterwards came to Ame- 
rica, and began his professional career in Albany. His 
talents and his medical attainments secured for him a 
large practice, and his position in his profession was de- 
servedly eminent. His early advantages had been of a 
superior order, and I believe he ranked at that time as 
the best educated physician in the city. His social habits 
led him into an extreme of living, quite common in those 
times, and undoubtedly had an influence in shortening his 
days. Upon the organization of the Medical society of the 
state of New York, Dr. McClelland was elected its first 
President. In 1811, (Jan. 8,) he formed a partnership 
with Dr. William Bay, who had a few months previous 
taken up his residence here. This was terminated by the 
death of Dr. McClelland, which occurred on the 29th Jan- 
uary, 1812, at the age of 43. 

WILLIAM ANDERSON AND JOSEPH W. HEGEMAN 

Were both born and educated at Princeton, New Jersey 
where they both received their license to practice. They 
removed to Schenectady and were associated as partners 
in business. Both were men of gentlemanly and courteous 
manners, and were alike esteemed good practitioners. In 
1811 Dr. Anderson made a journey to New Orleans, but 
on his return passage to New York he was seized with 
yellow fever and died. Dr. Hegeman removed to Cincin- 
nati a few years subsequently to this event ; and in 1827 
to Vicksburgh, Mississippi, where he continued several 
years in practice, with a brother of Dr. Anderson. In 
1832 he lost his three daughters who died of cholera, 
within twelve hours of each other. He deceased in 1837. 

CORNELIUS VROOMAN 

Was the second son of Simon Vrooman, a citizen of Sche- 
nectady, where he was born. His classical education was 
obtained at Union college, though his name does not ap- 
[Annals, ix.] 9 



94 Physicians of Albany County. 

pear on the catalogue as a graduate of that institution. 
He attended medical lectures at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and began the practice of his profession in his 
native city. He rapidly won the reputation of heing a 
skillful physician a reputation which still attaches to his 
memory. Like all the Vrooman race, he was over six feet 
in height. His manners were easy and agreeable, and he 
possessed a fluency in conversation, with a fine, lively ex- 
pression of countenance, admirably calculated to gain pop- 
ularity. An incident is related which indicates that he 
was kmd-heasted and generous to the poor. Having occa- 
sion to leave home, he took with him a plentiful supply of 
shirts, and finding a man greatly in need of some, he gave 
him several. It was a kind of charity which his good sis- 
ter did not commend, for it was by her needle that they 
were wrought. To her admonition against such alms- giv- 
ing, he only replied that " he didn't like to see a poor man 
suffer." Dr. Vrooman was passionate, (how unlike physi- 
cians of the present day!) but it is said the paroxysms were 
exceedingly brief. He relinquished practice at an early 
period, on account of being appointed agent for Mrs. 
Campbell, then one of the most wealthy persons in Sche- 
nectady a sufficient proof of his integrity and business 
capacity. He died of consumption, in December, 181 1, at 
the early age of 30 years. 

CHARLES D. TOWNSEND 

Was born in Goshen, Orange co., in this state, on the 
15th April, 1778. He was one of twelve children, who 
with a single exception, lived to an advanced age. He 
commenced the study of medicine in Albany, under the 
supervision of Drs. Mancius and Woodruff, and attend- 
ed the medical lectures at Columbia college in 1802. 
During the time of his residence in New York, he was 
also a pupil of the celebrated surgeon Dr. Wright Post. 
He commenced practice in Rhinebeck, but removed to 
Albany in 1803. He was the first secretary of the county 
medical society and was successively elected to its various 
offices. In 1807 he read before it a paper on puerperal 






Physicians of Albany County. 95 

fever. He was elected permanent member of the State 
medical society, and received from it the honorary degree 
of Doctor of medicine in 1830. 

For many years, until near the period of his death, 
which occurred on the 19th December, 1847, he was ex- 
tensively engaged in practice, rendering alike service to 
the poor and the rich. As a practitioner of medicine and 
surgery, he was esteemed prudent and skillful, and acquir- 
ed the unlimited confidence of the public. Dr. Town- 
send was firm in his religious convictions, and his life was 
in accordance with the Christian principles he professed 
from his early years. 

JOHN G. KNAUFP 

Was born in Germany. He was a physician and an apoth- 
ecary, confining himself, however, more exclusively to 
the duties of the latter. I am informed that he was a 
man of sound education, but being retiring and unsocial 
in his habits, he made few friends. He was the first trea- 
surer of the society. In 1807, he read before it a paper on 
the revulsive effects of blood-letting ; and in 1808, one 
on the use of hyosciamus niger. In 1809 he resigned 
his seat as member of the society. His death occurred 
not long afterwards. 

CALEB GAUFF 

Resided in the extreme south of the town of Bethlehem, 
where for many years he was a respectable practitioner. 
He is remembered by some of the old citizens of Beth- 
lehem ; but little definite information can be given con- 
cerning him. He was probably past the meridian of life 
when he met with this society, and his career terminated 
at a period not distant from the time of its organization. 

ELIAS WILLARD 

Was conspicuous among the medical men of Albany, at 
the time of which we are speaking. He was a descendant 
of Major Simon Willard, the common ancestor of the fami- 
ly in America of that name. He was born in Harvard, 



96 Physicians of Albany County. 

Massachusetts, on the 7th January, 1756. His father was 
unable to afford him a collegiate education, but placed him 
under private instruction, where at an early age he made 
a considerable progress in acquiring the Latin and Greek 
languages. At the age of eighteen years he commenced the 
study of medicine. One year afterwards the war broke 
out which separated the colonies from Great Britain, when 
he with his father and elder brother promptly responded to 
the country's call and witnessed its first bloody struggle 
for liberty in the battle of Lexington. After a brief ser- 
vice as a common soldier, he obtained an appointment as 
assistant in the military hospital, temporarily established 
at Roxbury, under the charge of Dr. Haywood. Subse- 
quently, when a new hospital was established at Boston, 
Dr. Willard was appointed assistant under Dr. John War- 
ren, brother of the lamented patriot General and Dr. Jo- 
seph Warren, who fell at Bunker's hill. In 1777, at the 
age of twenty-one years, he received the appointment of 
surgeon to a regiment from the province of Maine, com- 
manded by Colonel Frost, which was brought into active 
service by its removal to White Plains, in this state. He 
was successively removed with the army to German Flats 
and Ticonderoga, continuing with it through the whole of 
the contest, and sharing in the sufferings it had to encoun- 
ter. After leaving the military hospital in 1785, he pur- 
chased Bemis's Heights, the battle ground near Saratoga, 
where he commenced private practice, and resided, with 
the exception of a year spent in Canada, until 1801, when 
he removed to this city. Here he acquired warm friends 
and an excellent practice. His manners were agreeable 
and courteous, and his deportment always consistent and 
dignified. In 1811, the County medical society demand- 
ed of Dr. Willard, in no kind spirit, the components of 
a certain remedy he used in cancer. For some reason(and 
it is probable that he was not as yet himself fully satisfied 
as to its positive virtues) , he did not promptly comply with 
the demand, and the society passed a resolution by which 
he was expelled. This act however did not lessen him in 
public estimation, and the Medical society of Massachu- 



Physicians of Albany County. 97 

setts elected him to honorary membership in 1814, an evi- 
dence of the esteem and undirninished confidence in which 
he was held by the medical profession of his native state. 
He died in this city on the 20th March, 1827, in the sev- 
enty-first year of his age having been more than fiftyone 
years in professional life. Dr. Willard possessed enthu- 
siastic love for his country. But the " distinguishing traits 
of his character were his devotion to the duties of his pro- 
fession, and his ardent piety. He became at an early age 
impressed with the truths of religion and his long life was 
that of a consistent and exemplary Christian." 

AUGUSTUS HARRIS 

Was born in the county of Rensselaer, on the 17th July, 
1776. He was the son of Dr. Nicholas Harris, with whom 
he pursued the study of medicine. He was licensed by the 
Hon. John Lansing, chief justice of the supreme court in 
this city, on the 4th August, 1800. He commenced prac- 
tice in Bethlehem, in this county, in 1803, and remained 
there fourteen years. He then removed to the town of 
Van Buren, in Onondaga county, where he continued to 
practice until 1821, when he turned his attention to the 
pursuit of agriculture. Dr. Harris is now in the 81st 
year of his age, and here is a letter in his own hand writing 
signifying his desire to be with us to-day, but declaring 
that " age and the infirmities attending, prevent his ven- 
turing so far from home." His heart is with us, and we 
inexpressibly regret his absence. 

ALEXANDER G. FONDA 

Was born in Schenectady, on the 17th Aug., 1785. He 
graduated at Union College in 1804; and obtained his 
medical education under the direction of Dr. Archibald H. 
Adams of that city, then an extensive practitioner, and re- 
ceived his license to practice in May, 1806. For many 
years he pursued, in his native city, the profession of his 
choice. Several years since, he retired from its active du- 
ties to the enjoyment and quietude of domestic life, in the 
tranquility of which he is spending a green and vigorous 
old age. 



98 Physicians of Albany County. 

PETER WENDELL 

Was a descendant of one of the ancient Dutch families 
of Albany, where he was born on the 3d of June, 1786. 
He obtained his early and classical education here, and 
here he pursued the study of his profession, under the in- 
struction of Dr. Wm. McClelland. He attended two 
courses of lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, 
where he listened with enthusiasm to the teachings of that 
distinguished professor and patriot, Dr. Benjamin Rush, 
which, says the biographer of Dr. Wendell, "consti- 
tuted the guide Trf his practice in after years." Upon his 
return from Philadelphia, in the spring of 1807, he opened 
an office in this city. The auspices under which he com- 
menced his professional career were most favorable. He 
was surrounded by a large circle of influential friends, 
and it was at a time when there were ' ' not more than five 
practitioners of eminence in Albany, and all of them ad- 
vanced beyond the meridian of life." Prompt and at- 
tentive to his patients he rapidly won reputation, so that 
his practice was, it is believed, more extensive and lu- 
crative than that of any physician in the city. Dr. Wen- 
dell was at*an e'arly period elected a delegate to the State 
medical society, where he was in a few years elected per- 
manent member, and for a long while filled the office of 
censor in that society for this district. In 1813 he read 
a dissertation before the County medical society on the 
stimulant effects of cold. In 1823 he was elected re- 
gent of the university by the legislature of the state. He 
was faithful and attentive in the great variety of business 
which came before that board, and made himself inti- 
mately acquainted with all its details. He at length be- 
came, with a single exception, senior member of the board, 
and was elected its chancellor in 1842. This honorable 
position he continued to occupy until the close of his life. 
To the State library and the State cabinet of natural his- 
tory he gave while a regent, great care and attention. 
Dr. Wendell felt the importance and the responsibility 
which the medical profession sustain towards the public, 
and it was always his great object to promote its interests, 



Physicians of Albany County. 99 

and to uphold its dignity. After a practice of forty-two 
years, Dr. Wendell died suddenly of disease of the heart, 
at his residence on Elk street, October 31st, 1849. 

JAMES Low 

"Was born at Albany, December 9th, 1781. His early 
education was completed at Schenectady. He commenced 
the study of medicine with Dr. McClelland, and after 
three years spent with him, he went to Edinburgh where 
he spent four years, attending the lectures of the univer- 
sity. During a part of the time he was a private pupil 
of Dr. John Murray, an eminent lecturer on chemistry. 
Dr. Low's standing among his fellow students may be 
estimated from the fact that he was elected one of the 
presidents of the Royal physical society of Edinburgh. 
Dr. Low traveled in England and Scotland and returned 
to his native city in 1808, and commenced practice with 
Dr. McClelland. His reputation as a learned and skillful 
physician, an able and expert surgeon, became widely 
diffused. He was a man of science." His health during 
the last three years of his life became greatly impaired, 
and after much suffering he died in Albany, February 3d, 
1822, having just completed the fortieth year of his age. 
He published several medical works and frequently read 
papers before the medical society. " His loss to society 
was great. He bid fair at one time to become one of the 
first physicians in the state. He lectured during several 
years on chemistry, with great acceptance, showing fa- 
miliarity with that subject. He was well versed in the 
languages, enthusiastic in poetry, and a man of extensive 
and varied learning." 

JONATHAN EIGHTS 

Was born in this city on the 26 November, 1773, and ob- 
tained his classical education here under the instruction 
of the late George Merchant. In the year 1790 he com- 
menced the study of medicine in the office of Drs. Man- 
cius and Woodruff, with whom he remained until April 
1795. He was then examined by two physicians, and re- 
ceived their certificate of his competency to practice. 



100 Physicians of Albany County. 

This certificate was filed in the office of the clerk of the 
county. The first few months of his professional life he 
spent in one of the small towns adjoining the city. A 
severe bilious remittent and intermittent fever, which was 
raging there with great violence, determined him upon 
this course. After the disease subsided, he removed to 
Canajoharie, in Montgomery county, where he remained 
until 1797, when he went to Philadelphia, and spent nearly 
a year, with a view to improving himself in surgery. He 
returned to Montgomery county, and became engaged in 
extensive and laborious practice. On the 1st May, 1810, 
he removed to Albany, and soon acquired a varied and 
extensive practice, and devoted his whole energy exclu- 
sively to it. In 1822 and '23, he was one of the asso- 
ciate contributors to the Medical and Physical Journal, 
published in New York. In 1830 and '31, he was presi- 
dent of the State medical society, having several years 
before represented this society as delegate. The subject 
of his first annual address before that body was, vaccin- 
ation; and of the second, puerperal fever. At the 
conclusion of the former, he paid a just and eloquent 
tribute to the memory of his friend, the late Dr. Alexan- 
der Coventry of -Utica, then recently deceased, and who 
was an ex-president of the society. Dr. Eights was well 
versed in medical literature, and accumulated a large and 
well selected library. His published cases were narrated 
with great clearness and brevity, but his almost constant 
professional engagements and his love of reading gave him 
at first but little time for writing, and this was at length 
succeeded by a habitual disinclination to record his valua- 
ble observations. Dr. Eights was a man of quiet, digni- 
fied manners, of purity of life, a skillful physician, at once 
an example and an ornament to the profession. At the 
time of his death, which occurred on the 10th August 1848, 
he had spent fifty- three years in professional life, and was 
the oldest practitioner in Albany. 

JOHN STEARNS 

Was state senator from the district of Saratoga, and at 
the close of his senatorial office he removed to Albany and 



Physicians of Albany County. 10 1 

formed a partnership with Dr. Bay, Oct. 14, 1810. A 
favorable reputation had already preceded him here. He 
had acquired considerable celebrity in the profession by 
being the first to draw its attention to the wonderful 
efficacy of ergot in promoting the contractile power of 
the uterus and thus facilitating lingering labor. In a 
somewhat extensive and successful practice, Dr. Stearns 
became unfortunate in losing a series of cases of puerperal 
fever. It was not then, as now, understood that this 
disease is contagious and may be communicated from one 
lying-in patient to another by the hand or clothing of the 
accoucheur. The mystery of its appearance in his prac- 
tice only, and the fatality of its termination, keenly 
oppressed his truly sensitive mind, and led him at length 
to abandon his practice in this city. He removed to 
New York in 1818 where he resumed his business with 
greater success, and in which he continued until 1849, 
when he died of erysipelas, at the advanced age of 75 
years. 

PLATT WILLIAMS 

Was graduated at Williams college in the class of 1804, 
and received his diploma in medicine at Columbia college 
in New York. He became a member of this society in 
1816, and was always devoted to its welfare, and prompt 
in his attendance at its meetings. As a physician, Dr. 
Williams occupied a prominent position here, and was 
strenuous in his efforts to secure to his patients the benefits 
accruing from a proper system of diet during their illness ; 
a subject that had attracted less attention in the profession 
thirty years ago than now. After thirty years of toil in 
the discharge of professional duties, in 1845 he removed 
to the county of Oneida, where he now resides. 

JOEL A. WING 

Was born in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, on 
the 13th August, 1788, where his early days were spent. 
Having determined upon entering the medical profession, 
he became a pupil of Dr. John De La Mater (since a dis- 
tinguished professor in the Medical school, at Cleveland, 
Ohio). During the period of his pupilage he directed his 



102 Physicians of Albany County. 

attention especially to the science of anatomy, and prose- 
cuted private dissections with great zeal. He devoted 
himself to surgery also, but in early life he abandoned it 
as a speciality, on account of imperfect vision. He be- 
came a licentiate of the Medical society of Montgomery 
county, in 1811, and the ensuing winter attended the medi- 
cal lectures at the College of physicians and surgeons in 
New York. He returned to Columbia county in this state 
and commenced practice. A few months after, on the 
recommendation of Prof. John Watts, he was appointed 
surgeon in the army, an appointment he knew nothing of 
until he received his commission. This compliment to his 
early attainments he seldom mentioned. He remarked, 
however, to an intimate friend, " I carried the commis- 
sion in my pocket for two days, and then sent it with my 
resignation, to the department at Washington." In 1814 
having been appointed surgeon to a garrison of the army 
stationed near Albany, he removed to this city and assumed 
the charge of it. In 1825 Williams college conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of Doctor of medicine. He was 
for several years, until the period of his illness, one of the 
managers of the -New York state lunatic asylum, and was 
active in securing to it the services of its late distinguished 
superintendent, Dr. Brigham. Dr. Wing spent thirty- 
eight of the forty-one years of his professional life in 
Albany, and in private practice few physicians became 
more extensively engaged. So exact was his system, that 
at the close of his practice he could refer to any pre- 
scription of importance that he had made within twenty- 
five years. In 1832, while engaged nearly every hour in 
the twenty-four, scarcely allowing himself any rest or 
relaxation during the prevalence of the cholera, he was 
violently attacked with that fearful malady. His recovery 
was considered by his professional brethren, who were 
prompt and unwearied in their devotions to him, one of 
the most remarkable that occurred during the season. 
But he never afterwards enjoyed uniform good health, 
and in 1843 was obliged to relinquish his business under 
no flattering prospect of recovery, and repair to the mild 
and less variable climate of the West Indies. Here after 



Physicians of Albany County. 103 

several months, he so far recovered as to return, and once 
more plunge into the toils of his profession. With few- 
brief interruptions, he continued actively engaged until 
the summer of 1851, when he became mentally and phy- 
sically prostrated, and at lenght after a weary illness of 
nearly a year, he died at Hartford, Connecticut, on the 
6th of September, 1852, in the 65th year of his age. Dr. 
Wing was a man acute in his perceptions, ready and keen 
in his observations. In every respect he was admirably 
adapted for the profession of his choice. With great skill 
he united untiring energy of body and mind. His manners 
were modest, unassuming, unembarrassed. His habits 
were social, and in conversation he was winning. He at 
once enlisted the confidence of the patient and inspired 
him with hope. In the sick room he was kind and affec- 
tionate; there he was a model physician, and among his 
patients he had most devoted friends. He read much 
and possessed an accurate and retentive memory, so that 
he was able to repeat pages, almost verbatim, that he had 
not seen in years. In health, his spirits were buoyant 
and gay; his laugh was contagious, his fund of anecdote 
inexhaustible, and used with great aptness. With an ex- 
tensive acquaintance his society was much sought, and 
in the profession throughout the state he had a multitude 
of friends. For political distinction, he had no possible 
desire, and was, in his disposition, averse to the turmoils 
of such a life. Yet for many years he was intimate with 
the leading politicians of the state, and possessed an 
unseen influence with them. Dr. Wing had some con- 
stitutional peculiarities, but none more annoying to his 
professional brethren than his habit of delaying his visits 
and appointments for counsel, beyond the time specified. 
Indeed so proverbial was this, that years before he died 
he was known as " the late Dr. Wing," a title he en- 
joyed, whenever he heard it applied. His counsels were 
frequently sought, and in critical cases almost uniformly 
adopted. The most desperate cases he was unwilling to 
abandon as hopeless. To the junior members of the 
profession he was uniformly courteous, and exercised 



104 Physicians of Albany County. 

towards them a kindness of manner, that has not always 
characterized seniors in the medical profession. To the 
desponding he had always a word of encouragement, and 
not unfrequently wholesome advice for the presuming 
and impertinent. With a favorite volume, he took no 
note of time and was as regardless of the hours of sleep 
as of business. At length, with such a habit, sleep came 
unwillingly and with broken slumbers, until disease* grew 
upon him, and he lost the power of yielding to its soothing 
and balmy influence. To the poor he was kind and liberal, 
bestowing tipon-them his his best services without ex- 
pectation or hope of reward. Dr. Wing was in every re- 
spect a self made man; to society, and to the profession to 
which his whole life was enthusiastically devoted he was a 
great loss. 

CHARLES DEKAY COOPER 

Was the fourth often sons of Dr. Ananias Cooper, and 
was born in Rhinebeck, Dutchess county, in this state, 
in the year 1769. His ancestors were among the early 
emigrants from England to Massachusetts, mention having 
been made of them as early as 1634. His father was a 
practicing physician in Rhinebeck, and an active whig 
during the revolution. Dr. Cooper commenced the 
study of his profession under the direction of his father, 
and was afterwards a student of Dr. Crosby, in New 
York city. His favorite study was anatomy, and he 
made several anatomical preparations. He had likewise 
a taste for surgery, but there is only the account of one 
minor operation preserved. Dr. Cooper came to Albany 
in 1792. Two years afterwards he was appointed by 
Gov. George Clinton and the council of appointment, 
health officer to the port of Albany. The yellow fever 
was at that time raging in New York, and a quarantine 
was accordingly established four miles below this city, 
and for a length of time " vessels having on board, or 
suspected of having on board, any person or persons in- 

*His disease was softening of the brain, induced in part beyond 
doubt by insufficient sleep. 



Physicians of Albany County. 105 

fected with any infectious distemper," were detained at 
that point. Whatever might have been his attachment 
to his profession, he did not Jong continue in professional 
life, but entered the arena of politics, indeed as early as 
1804, he was warmly engaged as an active partisan in 
the electioneering campaign between Burr and Lewis. 
In 1806 he had been appointed judge of the county courts, 
and in 1808 he succeeded Richard Lush as clerk of the 
county, and was reappointed to this office in 1809, 1811, 
1812 and 1815. He occupied from time to time other 
political offices, and among them was that of Indian 
agent. From the Indians of Oneida and Onondaga 
Castle, to whom he was commissioned with moneys to 
pay their yearly annuities from the state, he received 
the name Tight Blanket, because, they said, he held the 
money as securely as they did their blankets. In 1817, 
he was appointed by Lieutenant Gov. Tayler and the 
council of appointment, who came into executive authori- 
ty, on the resignation of Governor Tompkins, secretary of 
state. Dr. Cooper was a man of great physical force 
and power of endurance. He was quick in his move- 
ments, and well skilled in the art of fencing. He could 
spring upon his feet so quickly as to catch a designated 
pigeon in the street, a feat he has often performed. He 
excelled in the athletic sports, and could run with re- 
markable speed. It is said of his brother, Capt. William 
Cooper, that he could run half a mile and return quicker 
than any horse. Dr. Cooper died suddenly on the 31st 
of January, 1831, in the sixty-third year of his age. 
Says that distinguished political historian, Hon. Jabez 
D. Hammond, of Dr. Cooper, " I knew him long and 
well as a remarkably correct man, and a man of integrity 
and honor." 

WILLIAM HUMPHREY 

Was the son of John Humphrey, and was born in Alba- 
ny, on the second day of Feb., 1796. His parents were 
both natives of New Hampshire, but at an early period 
came to this city. His father died of cholera at an ad- 

[Annals, ix.] 10 



106 Physicians of Albany County. 

vanced age in 1832. William was sent to Union college, 
where he was graduated in 1813. Having made choice 
of the medical profession he. commenced his preliminary 
studies with Dr. Eights, and afterwards attended the 
lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and 
received the honors of that institution in 1819. He re- 
turned to Albany and commenced business here, continu- 
ing it as his health would permit until his death. Dr. 
Humphrey did not possess a large degree of physical 
energy, his health was delicate for several years, and the 
disease which terminated his life was consumption. It 
was the subject upon which his thesis was written in 
1819. Dr. Humphrey possessed a fine mind and keen 
reasoning faculties; his education was thorough, and he 
excelled as a linguist. His mind was of a reflective 
order. His manners were exceedingly mild and amiable. 
His conversation was marked by great simplicity and 
earnestness. He was uniformly cheerful, but had no ex- 
uberant elasticity of spirits. He had gravity in thought 
as well as in conversation, and was careful to avoid 
everything that appeared like pedantry in private or 
professional life; he never volunteered his opinion, and 
was unwilling to express it on any subject with which 
he was not familiar. His ambition was to do right, 
and to be useful to his fellow men, rather than to acquire 
fame in his profession. A native modesty and unas- 
suming manners prevented that rapid rise in his profession 
which is so often incident to the aspiring who possess 
less talent and fewer virtues. Says one in noticing his 
death: "His virtues were numerous and beamed with 
an effulgence which attracted the attention and elicited 
the admiration of all who knew him; his benevolence 
warmed the hearts and cheered the homes of the comfort- 
less. His name was synonymous with all that was 
noble and disinterested." He made occasional contribu- 
tions to medical journals of the day; his style is said to 
have been chaste, simple, and forcible. It is impossible 
now to refer to any of the few articles from his pen. 
He died on the 12th of March, 1829, in the thirty-first 
year of his age. 



Physicians of Albany County. 107 

SAMUEL STRINGER TREAT 

The second son of Richard S. Treat, and grandson of 
Dr. Samuel Stringer, a surgeon of distinction in the 
American army, was born in Albany, in 1799. He enjoyed 
the best advantages the city afforded for laying the 
foundation of his education, and he commenced the study 
of his profession in the office of his grandfather. He 
afterwards attended medical instruction at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, and graduated in 1822, and 
the same year united with this society. Dr. Treat was 
a man of more than ordinary intellect, of a quiet, retir- 
ing disposition, and with only a moderate love for the 
perplexities of the profession he had chosen. Inheriting 
the ample estate of his grandfather he felt none of that 
necessity that stimulates- and presses young men into the 
arena of professional life. He was for a short time the 
partner of Dr. Eights, and gained the esteem and confi- 
dence of his patrons; this was perhaps less on account of 
his attainments and skill as a physician, than the natural 
result of intelligence combined with amiability, gentle 
and winning manners. He was companionable, generous 
and warm hearted; his conversation was spiced with wit 
and humor. He was tall and slender in person, and his 
dress exhibited extreme neatness; indeed there was some- 
thing in his appearance, meet him when and where you 
might, that would have impressed even a stranger with 
the conviction that he was a gentleman. His social ex- 
cellencies endeared him to a large circle of friends. He 
was a good student and fond of literature, but had no 
particular love for the sciences. The ordeal to profes- 
sional distinction was not passed when he became a 
victim to disease of the lungs, of which he died on the 
29th of February, 1832, at the age of thirty-three years. 
He died in the communion of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 

HENRY VAN OLiNDA 

Was born in the town of Charleston, Montgomery coun- 
ty, in this state, on the 9th of April, 1805. He was the son 



108 Physicians of Albany County. 

of Cornelius Van OLinda, and descended in the seventh 
generation, from Peter Van OLinda, who came from Hol- 
land, anddied at Watervliet at an advanced age, in 1715. 
Until he was seventeen he spent his time upon his father's 
farm. In 1822 he commenced the study of medicine with 
his brother, Dr. Peter Van OLinda, of this city, and 
under the direction of an elder brother, the Rev. Douw 
Van OLinda, he acquired a considerable knowledge of 
the Latin and Greek languages, and was thereby enabled 
to form the habit to which he uniformly adhered, and in 
which he took~g*eat pleasure, of tracing the technicali- 
ties of the profession, to their strictest derivations from 
those languages. He made good improvement in the 
collateral branches of the profession, and during one 
course of lectures was the assistant of that learned and 
distinguished teacher. Dr. T. Romeyn Beck, in his 
chemical lectures. He was licensed to practice by the 
Medical society of the county of Montgomery, in 1826, 
and shortly after entered into business with his brother. 
Albany was the field of his labor. Dr. Van OLinda 
was ardent and earnest in whatever he undertook. He 
had not the advantages of most of the students at the 
present day, but the deficiencies from the want of such 
he labored diligently to overcome. He was indefatigable 
in his attention to his patients, and counted no sacrifice 
on his part too great for them while under his care. 
From such faithful attendance a strong friendship often 
grew between him and his patients. After ten years of 
severe labor, a scorfulous disease began to develop, and 
it continued through his life. His health at length failed, 
and in the winter of 1835 he sought relief by a short 
sojourn in Savannah, and the ensuing winter he spent in 
St. Augustine, Florida, with a few of his patients and 
friends. The relief to his malady thus obtained was 
only temporary and palliative. He made a voyage to 
Europe, but his constitution was so much impaired that 
he derived but little benefit from it. He returned, and 
after a painful illness, died on the 30th of September, 
1846, in the forty-first year of his age. Dr. Van OLinda 



Physicians of Albany County. 109 

was a man of agreeable manners, social habits, and 
prepossessing in his personal appearance. He was fond 
of rural sports, and sometimes indulged in them by ex- 
cursions with a party of friends to the northern counties 
for hunting and fishing. He made no pretensions to 
being a great man, but he was faithful and diligent in 
the duties of his profession, and occupied a respectable 
position in it. He had a large practice; and this state- 
ment I am allowed to render more definite by saying 
that after twenty years in the profession, during ten of 
which he was an invalid, at times absent for months 
from duty, and at other times unable to perform it, 
yet at the time of his death his outstanding accounts 
amounted to seventy thousand dollars, of which only 
about three thousand could be collected. This vast 
amount of service, rendered mostly to the poor, in such 
a simple unostentatious manner, should enbalm a man 
in the memory of future generations as a benefactor to 
his country and his race. But alas! how soon are such 
deeds forgotten. 

JAMES M. BROWN 

Was a native of Albany, the son of Major Brown, and 
was born on the 25th February, 1804. His father died 
when he was only five years old, but he received careful 
and gentle training from his mother, who was a woman 
of exceedingly mild and amiable disposition, and of a 
consistent Christian character. He received a good 
English education, and, when a boy, applied himself 
quite diligently to study. At the early age of sixteen 
years he began the study of medicine under the direction 
of Dr. Christopher C. Yates, and was subsequently a 
student of Dr. Platt Williams. In 1823, he attended 
lectures at the Vermont Academy of Medicine. He 
received his license to practice from this society, of 
which he became a member in 1828. He began practice 
and met with only indifferent success during a period of 
sixteen years. In the autumn of 1844, he was induced to 
remove to Delphi, Indiana. Here he found considerable 



110 Physicians of Albany County. 

business, but continued ill health in his family led him 
to return to Albany after a short period. But he was 
not successful in the efforts to re-establish himself here, 
and pecuniary embarrassments and misfortune followed in 
rapid succession, such as were calculated to keep his 
mind constantly depressed. Many, indeed most of his 
patients were among the poorer classes, from whom it 
was quite impossible to obtain remuneration ; still how- 
ever an appeal to him for any service that he was able to 
bestow was never unanswered. 

In disposition Dr. Brown was generous, frank and 
sincere. In all his trials he never inclined to charlatan- 
ism, or wavered in his adherence to his profession. He 
shrank from publicity, and his sense of responsibility, 
made him the subject of great mental suffering, whenever 
he had a very sick patient. He was rather timid, and 
his great respect for the opinion of others, made him 
regard his own with too much diffidence; and I think he 
lacked confidence in his own abilities. His health was 
so impaired that he was unable, during several of the 
last years of his life, to make severe physical exertions 
or endure great fatigue. He needed health and success 
to stimulate and encourage him; sickness and disappoint- 
ments abated his ardor. Thus twenty-six years rolled 
away. In the spring of 1854 he was appointed resident 
physician at the Aims-House hospital. A few weeks 
after his appointment, and in the discharge of duties 
incident to the office, he contracted a typhoid fever, 
which was prevailing there, and by which his life was 
terminated on the 23d day of May, 1854. His age was 
fifty years. 

Says one who well knew Dr. Brown, "The tone of 
his last letter to me, written just before his illness, was 
unusually hopeful and cheerful; the expressions of Christ- 
ian faith which it contained; the glimpses of his habitual 
frame of mind, afforded during his illness; and more than 
all his Christian life are to us cheering evidences that 
the summons, though it came suddenly, was a summons 
to immortal joy." I saw him once after his appointment 



Physicians of Albany County. Ill 

as resident physician, and I thought that his new and 
uniform duties had given elasticity to his spirits, and 
vigor to his step. In a conversation with me, his at- 
tending physician, Dr. Spencer, confirmed, by relating a 
touching incident which he witnessed, the allusion just 
made to the excercise of his devotional spirit during his 
fatal illness. 

TEN EYCK GANSEVOORT 

Was the youngest son of Conrad Gansevoort, of Alha- 
ny. He was born however, in Minden, Montgomery co., 
N. Y., on the 5th of January, 18t3. He was educated at 
Union college, and graduated with some distinction as a 
scholar, in 1822. He presently commenced the study of 
medicine in the office of Dr. Chas. D. Townsend, and was 
graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 
in 1825. For a number of years he pursued his profess- 
ion in this city, and became a member of this society. 
Subsequently he removed to Bath, in the county of Steu- 
ben, where he arose to a prominent rank as a physician 
and surgeon; throughout the country his services were 
widely sought. As an operator in surgery he had a con- 
siderable degree of skill. Dr. Gansevoort had a well bal- 
anced mind, a correct judgment, and a good knowledge 
of medical literature. There was no rashness, or love of 
novelty in him, and he was considered emphatically a safe 
and reliable practitioner. But there is nothing so at- 
tractive in the physical labors, mental anxieties, and pro- 
fessional responsibilties of a physician as to lead men 
willingly to assume them. Necessity is the strongest 
motive to such duties. In a new and mountainous country 
great fatigue and exposure is inseparable from the practice 
of medicine, and possessed of a comfortable fortune, Dr. 
Gansevoort very naturally began to limit his professional 
duties to the circle of his relatives and friends; meanwhile 
he became largely interested in mercantile and other busi- 
ness operations. Thus with health hitherto uninter- 
rupted, and every thing around him by which to make 
his life useful and desirable, in September, 1842, he was 



112 Physicians of Albany County. 

attacked with typus fever; the disease advanced to a fatal 
termination. He had not quite completed his fortieth year. 

HIRAM A. EDMONDS. 

Ridgefield, in Connecticut, the birth place of Dr. Ed- 
monds, has furnished Albany with several of its promi- 
nent citizens. In that ancient town, Hiram Augustus 
Edmonds was born on the 21st of September, 1824. Here, 
too, the days of his boyhood and youth glided away. He 
attended the academy in Ridgefield, an institution of some 
repute and there-continued until he was prepared for the 
duties of a teacher. Pursuing these duties he subsequent- 
ly went to Southport, a seaport village, in the southern 
part of the country, and became principal of the South- 
port Academy. * He continued thus occupied from 1846 
to 1851. The employment was well suited to his tastes, 
arid he found pleasure in devoting himself to it ; he contin- 
ued to occupy a portion of his time in classical and philo- 
sophical studies with great advantage. The following in- 
cident which occurred in the beginning of his instructions 
will serve to illustrate his promptness and ingenuity. It 
occurred when he was about seventeen years of age. At 
an association of teachers he was called upon to illus- 
trate upon the black board the rationale of a certain rule 
in mathematics. He was taken by surprise, but did not 
like to acknowledge that he was not fully prepared to ex- 
plain the very thing that a teacher was supposed to under- 
stand. He must make the attempt and break down, or 
ask to be excused. With peculiar quickness of thought 
he walked up to the board and wrote a row of figures, 
then turning to the teachers he said: " I have been 
requested to illustrate the principle of this rule; but in 
order to make the subject more interesting, I propose 
that we all should take a part in it. Will some or^ now 
tell me the first step?" Of course some one immediate- 
ly complied. " Very well," said he. "Will some one 
now tell me the reason of this step?" Another gave the 
reason. "Do any of you see any thing wrong in this 
reasoning, or would you express it differently?" No ob- 



Physicians of Albany County. 113 

jection being made he said, "Very well. Now will you 
tell me the next step?" And so he led them through the 
entire thing to be illustrated, making them all do the 
work. Afterwards, he received the congratulations of 
the President of the Association, for the happy manner 
in which he had conducted one of the exercises of the 
meeting. While teaching, he made choice of the medical 
profession, and began his preparatory studies with Dr. 
Sherwood, of Southport, finding opportunity, meanwhile, 
to attend some of the lectures at the medical department 
of Yale college. His residence of five years in South- 
port was a period profitably spent, pecuniarily, as also 
in intellectual, social and religious improvement. In the 
autumn of 1851, he came to Albany and united with the 
Albany medical college. At this institution he gradu- 
ated with an excellent standing for scholarship at the 
close of the term of 1853. He had decided to make 
Albany his place of residence, and at once began busi- 
ness here. Dr. Edmonds was in his twenty-ninth year 
when he entered his profession ; he brought to it a mind 
well developed, disciplined by study, and a mature judg- 
ment. In nothing did he act with rashness or presump- 
tion. There were no marked eccentricities in his char- 
acter, and if he had any remarkable quality, it was that 
of common sense, and a knowledge how to use it. He 
possessed great frankness and stern integrity. His lan- 
guage was simple, unstudied, unaffected; his manners 
were affable, but as simple and unstudied as his language. 
He was punctual in all that related to business, and was 
averse to incurring a debt for a single week, indeed, I 
have heard him say that since he lived in Albany he had 
not owed a dollar for half of that lime. He abounded in 
anecdote, and had great love for the ridiculous. In in- 
dulging this passion he played upon his friends without 
reserve, but he never hesitated on the other hand to as- 
sume the place in the story that might turn the mirth 
upon himself. His social and genial humor made his soci- 
ety at all times acceptable. He was given to levity, but 
never in such a manner as to compromise a Christian 



114 Physicians of Albany County. 

consistency. He assumed in his profession an honorable 
position which his propriety, his judgment, his diligence 
to business would have enabled him always to maintain. 
In the autumn of 1854 he was seized with a cough which 
grew upon him until it became evident that pulmonary 
tuberculosis existed. He continued his business with in- 
tervals of absence from the city, until 1856, and at length, 
on the 1 3th April, 1 857, calmly died. In so brief a period 
it would have been impossible for a man to distinguish 
himself in the medical profession, but the time was long 
enough to indrcale that had life and health been spared, 
Dr. Edmonds would have been a prominent physician 
and a useful man, as he was a sincere and devoted Christ- 
ian. For three years and until the period of his death, 
he was Superintendent of the Mission Sabbath School on 
Lydius street, and unless absent from the city was uni- 
formly present at its exercises. 

WILLIAM BAY. 

Albany gave birth to Dr. William Bay, nearly three 
years before the declaration of our National Independence 
(14th October; 1773). Here he passed the days of his 
boyhood, and procured his early education. His father 
having possessions in Claverack, Columbia county, subse- 
quently removed to that town, and from thence his son 
after some years, proceeded to Princeton college, then 
the great literary school of the Middle states. He re- 
mained at this institution until his senior year, when he 
was obliged to leave in consequence of ill health. In 
1794, having determined to study medicine, he repaired 
to New York, and became a private pupil of Dr. William 
Pitt Smith, an eminent practitioner of that day. Colum- 
bia college was then the only medical school in the state. 
Among its professors* while Dr. Bay was in attendance, 
were Smith, Post, Mitchell, Rogers, Hosack and Ham- 
mer sly. Dr. Smith, in addition to his other offices, held 
the arduous and responsible one of health officer to the 
port, and in the discharge of its laborious duties fell a 
victim to inflammation of the lungs, in 1795. In the 



Physicians of Albany County. 115 

interval between his death and the appointment of his 
successor (Dr. Richard Bailey), being about four months, 
the office was temporarily filled by Dr. William Bay. 
He next became a pupil of the eminent Dr. Samuel La- 
thorn Mitchell, and remained in his office until he gradu- 
ated as doctor in medicine, in May, 1797. The subject 
of his inaugural thesis was, " The operation of pesti- 
lential fluids upon the large intestines, termed by nos- 
ologists, Dysentery," This was published by T. & J. 
Swords, 8vo., pp. 109, 1797. A review of this disserta- 
tion was published in the New York Medical Repository. 
Dr. Bay returned from New York to his home in Claver- 
ack, where he immediately began the pursuit of his pro- 
fession. His business and his reputation alike rapidly 
increased, and his skill was sought throughout an exten- 
sive district. But he found a country practice exceed- 
ingly laborious. He was accordingly induced to remove 
to Albany, which he did in 1810, and almost immediately 
formed a business relation with Dr. William McClelland; 
this however, was terminated in a few months by the 
death of the latter. Here in his native city, he soon be- 
came a leading practitioner, and so continued until ad- 
vancing years led him to retire from the more active duties 
of his profession. Dr. Bay is known as a skillful ac- 
coucheur, and his has been a large and valuable experience, 
and in difficult cases his counsel has frequently been so- 
licited by his medical brethren, and always held in high 
esteem. In point of professional seniority Dr. Bay ranked 
next to Dr. Eights, but since the death of the latter he 
has been by many years the oldest practitioner in this 
community. There are those present whose memory will 
revert with pleasure to the Jubilee dinner given by the 
medical profession to our venerable father, on the ac- 
complishment of the first half century of his professional 
career. But this was nearly ten years ago, and, it is 
nearly sixty one years since he was acting as health offi- 
cer at the port of New York. Who that sees him moving 
about the city with so much vigor and elasticity, would 
suppose this? 






SCHENECTADT. 

[ From Watson's Annals, p. 267. ] 



This place was the earliest settlement inland from 
Albany, being sixteen miles distant, and was formed at 
that place by the Dutch, as the nearest proper landing 
at the foot of the Mohawk navigation. It was the pro- 
per place of the fur trade, where the Indians brought 
their skins and received their supplies in return. It 
was also for numerous years, the proper place of ship- 
ment of military supplies, going inland up the Mohawk. 
Even before the settlement of whites at this place, it 
was the great concentration of Indian population, it 
having when first known as many as eight hundred war- 
riors, and as many as three hundred of them lived 
within the space of what now forms only one farm in 
the neighborhood. All of the earliest houses were 
formed like those of Albany after the manner of the 
Dutch construction. 'The first Dutch settler at Sche- 
nectady was named Corlaer before 1666. Its name sig- 
nifies beyond the pine plains. 

Being essentially a Dutch town, and far off from city 
population and city life, they retained their primitive 
character unaltered for numerous years. They were 
money-making and frugal in their habits ; familiar and 
hospitable in their social relations, and being daily in 
intercourse with the Indians, they were assimilated to 
them in habits and feelings. Their characteristics have 
been aptly drawn by Judge Miller, who speaking of 
them says, that the story of their lives is only by tradi- 
tion and memory we know that they had industrious 
habits, resolute minds, proverbial economy and signal 
integrity ; they were not men of learning as that term 
is now understood ; they may not have been polite 
men in the present acceptation of the word ; and very 



Schenectady. 117 

certainly were not fashionable men. None have ever 
known an old, respectable and sensible Dutchman that 
had ever been a fashionable, nor has any ever known a 
young Dutch woman whoever made herself disfigured by 
her costume, or injured her health for the sake of dis- 
play. Their raiment as well as their food was plain, 
necessary and useful, and to this day, the plain, straight 
coat of the pristine Dutchman, the neat cap, and the 
ruddy countenance, smiling under the plain sun bonnet 
of the Dutch woman, give delight in the recollection. 
But these men and women are seen now no more, they 
are gone, and with them their simplicity, and other in- 
teresting qualities which garnished and beautified men 
and women in the olden time. To such ancestors and 
matrons, the present generation owe an everlasting debt 
of gratitude and respect. They encountered all the dif- 
ficulties and hardships common to a new country ; they 
were a stalwart and hardy set of veterans, who made 
the forest fall before them. If our condition is now 
more safe and comfortable, let us remember that these 
Dutch forefathers have been the instruments and agents 
of the most of what we now enjoy. 

Schenectady as a frontier post and town had its de- 
fences of stockades and palisades, its gates and its block 
houses. Prepared for war it was thus enabled to avoid 
it, even if hostilities had been apprehended. They how- 
ever had no enemies until they became exposed to the 
machinations and sinister designs of the French in Can- 
ada. These with their Indians, becoming desirous of 
avenging the successful assault of the Iroquois on Mon- 
treal, undertook a winter surprise in the year 1690, in- 
tending, if successful here, to pursue their attack upon 
Albany itself. In managing such a winter expedition 
through the snow, a party go before in snow shoes, so 
as to beat a track for those who follow. At night, 
groups would dig holes in the snow, casting the snow 
excavated on the side next the wind then they would 
collect branches of fir-trees for their flooring, make 
their fire in the centre, wrap themselves in their fur 

[Annals, ix.] 11 






118 Schenectady. 

skins, and lay down with their feet toward the fire. In 
the dead of night of the Sth of February, when the 
ground was covered with snow, a small expedition of 
two hundred French and a number of Indians, arrived 
unapprehended, and entering the guard gates before the 
inhabitants could be armed for defence, they forced and 
fired almost every house, butchering sixty persons of 
every age and sex, and bearing off several prisoners. 
The rest fled almost naked in a terrible storm and deep 
snow. Several of them lost their limbs through the 
rigour of the cold. It was an awfultime ; and long, 
long was the calamity remembered and related by the 
few who survived to keep alive the fearful story. Those 
who most felt for the sufferers, and sighed most for re- 
venge, had an opportunity in the next year, to join an 
expedition under the command of Major Peter Schuyler 
of Albany, "the Washington of his day." He con- 
ducted about three hundred men, of whom the half 
were Mohawks and Schahook Indians ; at La Prare they 
encountered twelve hundred men under De Collieres, 
and in several conflicts slew thirteen officers and three 
hundred men,- returning home in safety. This was cer.- 
tainly executing wonders against so superior a force ! 

It is said to have been a fact that just before the mas- 
sacre occurred, Colonel Glen tried to convey intelli- 
gence to the Schenectadians of the approach of the 
Frenchmen, while they were still on the other side of 
the river, and that for this purpose, he used the servi- 
ces of a squaw, who had been in the habit of selling 
brooms in the doomed village. But when she informed 
some of the villagers, they were incredulous, as deeming 
it impossible that such an invasion could be meditated in 
such an inclement season and from such a distance. 
Tradition says, that she paid a visit to a certain widow 
who was regaling the pastor of the place with chocolate, 
then a luxury. On entering the house, she gave some 
offence to the widow by shaking off the snow from her 
moccasin on the newly scrubbed floor, which quickly 
sent off the squaw, muttering as she went, " it will be 



Schenectady. 119 

soiled enough before to-morrow !" The name of the 
pastor was Tassoraaker, and he was the first ever set- 
tled in the place. He took the alarm, however, and 
went away saying nothing ; but following his own fears. 
He was never seen or heard of afterwards, which led 
some of the good people to apprehend that he was spir- 
ited away. The widow, too, somehow made her retreat, 
and left descendants who used to relate these facts to sub- 
sequent generations. 

A curious memento of the calamity has been singularly 
preserved in a family of Albany, being an original manu- 
script, written by Walter Willie, one hundred and fifty 
years ago. It is a relic of the olden time in itself ; and 
if the poetry flows not in Lydian measures, it was prob- 
ably equal to the poetic standard of the day and place. 
The writer designed, that it might long survive him, and 
it is certainly curious, that his wish has been so well ful- 
filled, to wit : 

"A ballad, in which is set forth the horrid cruelties 
practised by the French and Indians on the night of the 
8th of last February. The which I did compose last 
night, in the space of one hour, and am now writing, the 
morning of Friday, June 12th, 1690. W. W." 

God prosper long our King and Queen 

Our lives and safties all, 
A sad misfortune once there did 

Schenectady befall. 

From forth the woods of Canada 

The Frenchmen tooke their way, 
The people of Schenectady 

To captivate and slay. 

They marched for two and twenty daies. 

All thro' the deepest snow; 
And on a dismal winter night 

They struck the cruel blow. 

The lightsome sun that rules the day, 



120 Schenectady. 

Had gone down in the West ; 
And eke the drowsie villagers 
Had sought and found their reste. 

They thought they were in safetie all, 

And draampt not of the foe ; 
But att midnight they all awoke, 

In wonderment and woe. 

For they were in their pleasant Beddes, 
And soundelie sleeping, when 

Each Door was sudden open broke 
By six or seven Men. 

The Men and Women, younge & olde 

And eke the Girls and Boys, 
All started up in great Affright, 

Att the alarming Noise. 

They then were murthered in their Beddes, 

Without shame or remorse ; 
And soon the Floores and Streets were strew'd 

With many a bleeding corse. 

The Village soon began to Blaze 
Which shew'd the horrid sight: 

But, 0, I scarce can Beare to Tell 
The Mis'ries of that Night. 

They threw the Infants in the Fire, 

The Men they did not spare ; 
But killed All which they could find 

Tho' Aged or tho' Fair. 

Christe ! In the still Midnight air, 

It sounded dismally, 
The Women's Prayers and the loud screams, 

Of their great Agony. 

Methinks as if I hear them now 
All ringing in my ear ; 



Schenectady. 121 

The Shrieks & Groanes & Woeful Sighs, 
They utter'd in their fear. 

But some ran off to Albany, 

And told the doleful Tale: 
Yett tho' We gave our chearful Aid, 

It did not much avail. 

And We were horribly afraid, 

And shook with Terror, when 
They told us that the Frenchmen were 

More than a Thousand Men. 

The News came on the Sabbath Morn 

Just att the Break of Day, 
And with a companie of Horse 

I galloped away. 

But soone We found the French were gone 

With all their great Bootye; 
And then their trail We did pursue, 

As was our true Dutye. 

The Mohaques joynd our brave Partye, 

And followed in the chase 
Till We came upp with the Frenchmen, 

Att a most likelye Place. 

Our soldiers fell upon their Reare, 

And killed twenty-five, 
Our Young Men were so much enrag'd 

They took scarce One alive. 

D'Aillebout them did commande, 
Which were but Thievish Rogues, 

Else why did they consent and Goe 
With Bloodye Indian Dogges ? 

And Here I End the long Ballad, 

The Which you have just redde; 
And wish that it may stay on earth 
Long after I am Dead. 

WALTER WILIE. 
Albany, 12th of June, 1690. 



122 Sclwiectady. 

The Dutch of this land, have always been pre-eminent 
for their attachment to their church, its ordinances and 
their " Domines." It is therefore but matter of neces- 
sary consequence, that we should feel a satisfaction in 
preserving the little history of their origin and perpetuity. 
The church records show, that their first pastor was the 
Rev. Petrus Tasschemaker, from Holland, beginning his 
charge in the year 1684. Before that time only occasional 
service could be performed, in private houses, by visitors 
from Albany, and in the meantime the better Christians 
made their church visits to the Albany church by going 
and returning in two days. This honored Domine, as 
has been told, disappeared misteriously in the time of 
the massacre, and was succeeded in 1702, by the Rev. 
Thomas Brower, also from Holland, who continued his 
services till 1728, when he died. The Rev. Bernardus 
Freeman and Rynhard Erkson, also from Holland, 
served next in order. In 1740, we find the name 
of Cornelius Van Santvoord, as the settled clergyman, 
he coming from Staten Island. He died in 1754, 
and was succeeded by a Domine of the place named 
Barent Vroomer, who continued till his death in 1782. 
His successors down to the present time were all Ameri- 
cans, to wit: the Rev. Derick Romeyn, of New Jersey, 
the Rev. John H. Myers, also from New Jersey. The 
Rev. Cornelius Bogardus and the Rev. Jacob Van Vechten, 
the present pastor. 

The first church was built between the years 1684 and 
1698. It was located at the south end of Church street 
near the head of Water street. In 1733 a more com- 
modious one was erected in the center of the street, where 
Union and Church streets intersect. This venerable 
pile was, by innovation, razed in 1814, like a similar 
church in the street in Albany. Before going down, it 
fell into secular use, such as a watch house, a school 
house, and market. The bell of this church was remark- 
able for its silver tones, said to have been because of a 
good proportion of that metal in its composition. It is 
at all events a fact that it gave out a more distant sound, 



Schenectady. 123 

than one of twice its size, since used in another and 
more modern church of another religious denomination. 

It is to be told to the honor and good feeling of Mr. 
Jan Rinkhout, that he made this church a donation of 
that tract of land now called the "poor pasture," so 
called because the avails were formerly applied to the 
use of the poor of the congregation. He reserved to 
himself a small spot on which he had his hut, partly 
under ground, the remains of which are still to be seen. 
The good man himself is now under ground, and his 
soul we trust is in heaven. 

The first English church, called St. George, was 
erected under the auspices of Mr. John W. Brown, who 
came from England sometime preceding the year 1762, 
when the Episcopal church was founded. Its principal 
benefactors were Sir Wm. Johnson and John Duncan, 
Esq. Previous to the Revolution, this church owned a 
valuable library. This together with the organ and a 
greater part of the interior work was destroyed by some 
Indians and a gang of lawless whites. Strange as it may 
seem these whites were Whigs! of such as were all 
passion and little sense! It was called and considered 
" the English church," and as such their rage was against 
every thing English. They of course thought it was 
under British influence. They even meditated the de- 
struction of the pastor's, Mr. Doty's property; but they 
knew not his place of abode, and as none would inform 
them, he escaped their ire. Their first pastor was the 
Rev. Wm. Andrews, he was succeeded in 1773, by the 
Rev. Mr. Doty, who left his charge in 1777, probably as 
a Tory. There was no settled minister again until 1791, 
when the Rev. Ammi Rogers took the charge, and has 
since been succeeded by the Rev. Mr. Whitmore, the 
Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, and the Rev. P. A. Proal. 



( 124 ) 

DE VRIES IN ALBANY. 



[In 1639, David Pieterzoon De Vries, who had pur- 
chased Staten Island and planted a colony there, visited 
Albany, and has left the following account of what he 
saw at that early day. It is copied from the translation 
published in the Collections of the New York Historical 
Society, vol. iii, 2d series.] 

The 15 of April, I went with my sloop to Fort Orange, 
where I wanted to examine the land which is on the 
river. Arrived at Tapaen in the evening, where a large 
valley of about two or three hundred rnorgens of clay-soil 
lies under the moutain, three or four feet above the water. 
A creek which, comes from the highland, runs through 
it, on which fine water-mills could be erected. I bought 
this valley from the Indians, as it was only three miles 
above my plantation, and five miles from the fort. There 
was also much nraize-land, but too stony to be ploughed. 

The 25th opposite Tapaen, lies a place called Wick- 
quaes-geck, where there is much maize-land, but stony 
or sandy, and where many fir-trees grow. We generally 
haul fine masts from there. The land is also mountain- 
ous. 

The 16th went further up the river. Passed the Aver- 
stro, where a kill runs out, formed from a large fall, the 
noise of which can be heard in the river. The land is 
also very high. At noon passed the highlands, which are 
prodigiously high stony mountains, and it is about a mile 
going through them. Here the river, at its narrowest, 
is about five or six hundred paces wide, as well as I could 
guess. At night came by the Dance-chamber, where 
there was a party of Indians, who where very riotous, 
seeking only mischief, so that we were on our guard. 

The 27th we came to Esoopes, where a creek runs 
in, and there the Indians had some maize land, but it 



De Fries in Albany. 125 

was stony. Arrived at evening, as it blew hard, before 
the Cats-kill. Found the river up to this point, stony 
and mountainous, unfit for habitations. But there was 
some lowland here, and the Indians sowed maize along 
the Cats-kill. 

The 28th, arrived at Beeren (Bears') Island, where 
were many Indians fishing. Here the land begins to be 
low along the margin of the river, and at the foot of the 
mountains it was good for cultivation. At evening we 
reached Brand-pylen's Island, which lies a little below 
Fort Orange, and belongs to the patroons, Godyn, Rons- 
elaer, Jan de Laet, and Bloemart, who had also there 
more farms, which they had made in good condition at 
the Company's cost, as the Company had sent the cattle 
from Fatherland at great expense; and these individuals, 
being the commissioners of New Netherland, had made a 
good distribution among themselves, and while the Com- 
pany had nothing but an empty fort, they had the farms 
and trade around it, and every boor was a merchant. 

The 30th of April. The land here is, in general, like 
it is in France. It is good, and very productive of every 
thing necessary for the life of man, except clothes, linens, 
woolens, shoes, and stockings; but these they could have 
if the country were well populated; and there could be 
made good leather of the hides of animals, which mul- 
tiply in great quantities. Good tan could be made of the 
bark of oak-trees. The land all along this river is very 
mountainous; some cliffs of stone are exceedingly high, 
upon which grow fine fir trees, which may be discerned 
with the eye. There are, besides, in this country, oaks, 
alders, beeches, elms, and willows, both in the woods 
and along the water. The islands are covered with 
chestnut, plum, and hazel-nut trees, and large walnuts 
of different kinds, of as good flavour as they are in 
Fatherland, but hard of shell. The ground on the moun- 
tains is bedecked with shrubs of bilberries or blue-berries, 
such as in Holland come from Veeluwes. The level 
land, or old maize-land, is covered with strawberries, 
which grow here so plentifully that they answer for food. 



126 De Fries in Albany. 

There are also in the woods, as well as along the river, 
vines very abundant of two kinds, one bearing good blue 
grapes, which are pleasant when the vines are pruned, 
and of which good wine could be made. The other kind 
is like the grapes which grow in France on trellisses, 
the large white ones which they make verjuice of in 
France; they are as large as the joints of the fingers, 
but require great labor, for these vines grow in this coun- 
try on the trees, and the grapes are like the wild grapes 
which grow along the roads in France, on vines which 
are not pruned, and which are thick wTTh wood, with 
little sap in it, for want of being attended to. There was 
this year, as they told me, a large quantity of deer at har- 
vest and through the winter, very fat, having upon their 
ribs upwards of two fingers of tallow, so that they were 
nothing else than clear fat. They also had this year, 
great numbers of turkeys. They could buy a deer for a 
loaf of bread, or for a knife, or even for a tobacco-pipe; 
at other times they give cloth worth six or seven guilders. 
There are many partridges, heath-hens, and pigeons which 
fly together in thousands, and our people sometimes shoot 
thirty, forty, and fifty of them at a shot. Plenty of fowl, 
such as belong to the river, and all along the river are 
great numbers of them of different kinds; such as swans, 
geese, pigeons, teal, and wild geese, which go up the river 
in the spring by thousands, from the sea-coast, and fly 
back again in the fall. 

Whilst I was at Fort Orange, the 30th of April, there 
was such a high flood at the island on which Brand-pylen 
lived, who was my host at this time, that we were com- 
pelled to leave the island, and go with boats into the house, 
where there were four feet of water. This flood con- 
tinued three days, before we could use the dwelling again. 
The water ran into the fort and we were compelled to 
repair to the woods, where we erected tents and kindled 
large fires. These woods are full of animals, bears, 
wolves, foxes, and especially of snakes, black snakes and 
rattlesnakes, which are very poisonous, and which have 
a rattle at the end of the tail, with many rattles, accord- 



De Fries in Albany. 127 

ing to their age. As to what the land produces, the soil, 
which on the mountains is a red sand or cliffs of stone, 
but in the low plains, often clay-ground, is very fertile, 
as Brand-pylen told me that he had produced wheat on 
this island for twelve years successively without its lying 
fallow. He also told me that here the Indians put their 
enemies to death, as horribly as this plate shows, and had 
for some time past done justice to their enemies in this 
place. They place their foe against a tree or stake, and 
first tear all the nails from his fingers, and run them on 
a string, which they wear the same as we do gold chains. 
It is considered to the honour of any chief who has van- 
quished or overcome his enemies, if he bite off or cut off 
some of their members, as whole fingers. Afterwards, 
the prisoner is compelled to sing and dance, entirely 
naked, before them; and finally when they burn the cap- 
tive, they kill him with a slow fire, and then eat him up; 
the commoners eating the arms and buttocks, and the 
chiefs eating the head. When these Indians fasten their 
enemy to the stake, he is compelled to sing,and accordingly 
begins to sing of his friends, who will avenge his death. 
They inflict a cruel death upon him, pricking his body 
with hot burning wood in different parts, till he is torment- 
ed to death. They then tear his heart out of his body, 
which every one eats a piece of, in order to embitter 
themselves against their enemies. Along this land runs 
an excellent river, which comes out of the Maquas county, 
about four miles to the north of Fort Orange. I went 
there with some Indians, and passed by a farm upon 
which a boor lived, whom they called brother Cornelis. 
This river runs between two high rocky banks, and 
falls over a rock as high as a church, with such a noise 
that it is frequently heard at the farm, and wi:en I was 
there it made such a loud noise that we could hardly hear 
each other speak. The water flowed by with such force, 
that it was all the time as if it were raining, and the trees 
upon the hills as high as the dunes at home, have their 
boughs constantly wet as if with rain. The water is as 
clear as crystal, and fresh as milk, and appears all the 



128 De Fries in Albany. 

time as if a rainbow stood in it, but that arises from its 
clearness. There are a great many Indians here, whom 
they call Maquas, who catch many lampreys, otherwise 
called pricks. The river is about six hundred to seven 
hundred paces wide at this place, and contains large 
quantities of fine fish, such as pike, perch, eels, suckers, 
thickheads, sunfish, shad, striped bass, which is a fish 
which comes from the sea in the spring, and swims up 
the river into the fresh water as the salmon does. There 
are sturgeon, but our people will not eat them; also trout, 
slightly yellow inside, which I myself have caught, and 
which are considered in France the finest of fish. There 
are several islands in this river, of thirty, fifty, and seventy 
morgens of land in size. The soil is very good. The 
temperature is in extremes, in the summer excessively 
hot, and in winter exceedingly cold, so that in one night 
the ice will freeze hard enough to bear one. The summer 
continues to All Saints' day, and in December it will 
freeze so hard that if there be a strong current, which 
loosens it, it will freeze in a night what has run over it 
in the day. The ice continues generally for three months, 
and although the latitude is forty-three, it is nevertheless 
always frozen for that period; for though sometimes it 
thaws, in pleasant days, it does not continue to do so, but 
it freezes again until March, when the river first begins 
to open, sometimes in February, though seldom. The 
severest cold comes from the north-west, as in Holland 
from the north-east. The reason of this cold is that the 
mountains to the north of it are covered with snow, and 
the north-west wind comes blowing over them, and drives 
all the cold down. This tribe of Indians was formerly a 
powerful nation, but they are brought into subjection, and 
made tributaries by the Maquas. They are stout men, 
well favoured of countenance, body and limb, but all of 
them have black hair and yellow skin. They go naked 
in the summer, except they cover their privy parts with 
a patch; but the children, and youth of ten, twelve, or 
fourteen years of age, run entirely mother naked. In 
winter they throw over them an unprepared deer-skin or 



De Tries in Albany. 129 

bear's hide, or a covering of turkey's feathers which they 
know how to make; or they buy duffels of us, two ells and 
a half long, and unsewed, go off with it, surveying 
themselves, and think that they appear fine. They make 
themselves shoes and stockings of deer-skins, or they take 
the leaves of maize and braid them together, and use them 
for shoes. Men and women go with their heads bare. 
The women let their hair grow very long, tie it together 
a little, and let it hang down the back; some of the men 
have it on one side of the head, others have a lock hang- 
ing on each side; on the top of the head, they have a 
strip of hair from the forehead to the neck, about three fin- 
gers broad, and cut two or three fingers long and then 
stand straight up like a cock's-comb ; on both sides of this 
cock's-comb they cut it off close, except the locks, as may 
be seen in the plate. They paint their faces, red, blue, and 
brown, and look like the devil himself. They smear their 
foreheads with bear's grease, which they carry along with 
them in little baskets. It would be much better for 
them to wash themselves, if they only thought so, and 
they would not be troubled with lice. Whenever they go 
journeying, they take with them some maize and a kettle, 
with a wooden bowl and spoon which they pack up 
together and hang on their backs. When they become 
hungry, they immediately make a fire and cook it; they 
make the fire by rubbing sticks together, and that very 
rapidly. 

The 14th May, took my leave of the Commander at 
Fort Orange, and the same day reached Esopers, where a 
creek runs in, and where there is some maize-land upon 
which some Indians live. 



[Annals, ix.] 12 



(130) 

FATHEE JOGUES'S ACCOUNT OF 
BENSSELAEESWYCK. 



[The following brief notice of Rensselaerswyck is found 
in the narrative of the captivity of the Jesuit missionary, 
Isaac Jogues, among the Mohawks, which forms a very 
interesting paper contributed by J. G. Shea, Esq. to the 
New York Hist. Society's Collections, vol. 3, 2d Series.] 

Ascending the river to the 43d degree, you meet the 
second Dutch settlement, which the tide reaches but does 
not pass. Ships of a hundred and a hundred and twenty 
tons can come up to it. 

There are two things in this settlement (which is called 
Renselaerswick, as if to say, settlement of Renselaers, 
who is a rich Amsterdam merchant) 1st, a miserable 
little fort called Fort Orange, built of logs, with four or 
five pieces of Bretuil cannon, and as many swivels. This 
has been reserved, and is maintained by the West India 
Company. This fort was formerly on an island in the 
river; it is now on the mainland, towards the Hiroquois, 
a little above the said island. 2d, a colony sent here by 
this Renselaers, who is the patron. This colony is com- 
posed of about a hundred persons, who reside in some 
twenty-five or thirty houses built along the river, as 
each found most convenient. In the principal house 
lives the patron's agent; the minister has his apart, in 
which service is performed. There is also a kind of 
bailiff here whom they call the seneschal, who adminis- 
ters justice. Their houses are merely of boards and 
thatched with no mason work except the chimneys. The 
forest furnishing many large pines, they make boards by 
means of their mills, which they have here for the purpose. 

They found some pieces of ground all ready, which 
the savages had formerly cleared, and in which they sow 
wheat and oats for beer, and for their horses, of which 



Father Jogues's Account of Rensselaerswyck. 131 

they have great numbers. There is little land fit for 
tillage, being hemmed in by hills, which are poor soil. 
This obliges them to separate, and they already occupy 
two or three leagues of country. 

Trade is free to all; this gives the Indians all things 
cheap, each of the Hollanders outbidding his neighbor, 
and being satisfied provided he can gain some little profit. 

This settlement is not more than twenty leagues from 
the Agniehronons,* who can be reached by land or water, 
as the river on which the Iroquois lie, falls into that 
which passes by the Dutch, but there are many low rapids, 
and a fall of a short half league, where the canoe must 
be carried. 

There are many nations between the two Dutch settle- 
ments, which are about thirty German leagues apart, that 
is, about fifty or sixty French leagues. The Loups,| whom 
tjje Iroquois call Agotsagenens, are the nearest to Rens- 
selaerswick and Fort Orange. War breaking out some 
years ago between the Iroquois and the Loups, the Dutch 
joined the latter against the former ; but four men having 
been taken and burnt, they made peace. Since then 
some nations near the sea have killed some Hollanders 
of the most distant settlement; the Hollanders killed 
one hundred and fifty Indians, men, women and children. 
They having then at intervals, killed forty Hollanders, 
burnt many houses, and committed ravages, estimated at 
the time that I was there at 200,000 liv. (two hundred 
thousand livres,) they raised troops in New England. 
Accordingly, in the beginning of winter, the grass being 
trampled down and some snow on the ground, they gave 
them chase with six hundred men, keeping two hundred 
always on the move and constantly relieving one another; 
so that the Indians, shut up in a large island, and unable 
to flee easily, on account of their women and children, 
were cut to pieces to the number of sixteen hundred, 
including women and children. This obliged the rest of 
the Indians to make peace, which still continues. This 
occurred in 1643 and 1644. 

* Mohawks. jMohegans. 



(132) 



THE MOHAWK INDIANS. 

BY REV. JOHANNES MEGAPOLENSIS. 
Translated by J. R. BRODHEAR, Esq. for the New York Hist. Soc. Coll. 



[The Rev. Johannes Megapolensis was-the first minis- 
ter of the gospel in Albany, an account of whom will be 
found in the first volume of these Annals. His pastorate 
extended over the Indians, and he was successful in his 
efforts for their conversion. His Korte Ontwerp is the 
most complete of the early accounts of those Indians.] 

The land here is in general like that in Germany, \t 
is good, and very well provided with all things needful 
for human life, except clothes, linen, woolen, stockings, 
shoes, &c., which are all dear here. The country is very 
mountainous, some land, some rocks, and so exceeding 
high that they appear to touch the clouds. Thereon grow 
the finest fir trees the eye ever saw. There are also in 
this country oaks, alders, beeches, elms, willows, &c. 
In the forests, and in the wilderness along the water side, 
and on the islands, there grows an abundance of chesnuts, 
plumbs, hazle nuts, large walnuts of several sorts, and of 
as good a taste as in the Netherlands, but they have a 
somewhat harder shell. The land on the hills is covered 
with thickets of bilberries or blueberries ; the ground in 
the flat land near the rivers is covered with strawberries, 
which grow here so plentifully in the fields, that we go 
there and lie down and eat them. Vines also grow here 
naturally in great abundance along the roads, paths, and 
creeks, and you find them wherever you turn yourself. 
1 have seen many pieces of land where vine stood by vine 
and grew very luxuriantly, climbing up above the largest 
and loftiest trees, and although they were not cultivated, 
the grapes were as good and sweet as in Holland. Here 



The Mohawk Indians. 133 

is also a sort of grapes which grow very large, each grape 
as big as the end of one's finger, or a middle sized plumb, 
and because they are somewhat filmy and have a thick 
skin we call them Speck Druyven. If we would cultivate 
the vines we might have as good wine here as they have in 
Germany or France. I had myself last harvest a boat 
load of grapes and pressed them. As long as the wine 
was new it tasted better than French or Rhenish Must, 
and the colour of the grape juice here is so high and red 
that with one wine glass full you can colour a whole pot 
of white wine. In the forests is great plenty of deer, 
which in harvest time and autumn are as fat as any Hol- 
land deer can be. I have had them with fat more than 
two fingers thick on the ribs, so that they were nothing 
else than clear fat, and could hardly be eaten. There 
are also many turkies, as large as in Holland, but in some 
years less than in others. The year before I came here, 
[1641] there were so many turkies and deer that they 
came to the houses and hog pens to feed, and were taken 
by the Indians with so little trouble, that a deer was sold 
to the Dutch for a loaf of bread, or a knife, or even for 
a tobacco pipe ; but now we commonly give for a large 
deer six or seven guilders. In the forests here there are 
also many partridges, heath-hens and pigeons that fly in 
flocks of thousands, and sometimes 10, 20, 30 and even 
40 and 50 are killed at one shot. "We have here, too, a 
great number of all kinds of fowl, swans, geese, ducks, 
widgeons, teal, brant, which are taken by thousands upon 
the river in the spring of the year, and again in the au- 
tumn fly away in flocks, so that in the morning and even- 
ing, any one may stand ready with his gun before his 
house and shoot them as they fly past. 1 have also eaten 
here several times of elk, which were very fat and tasted 
something like venison; and besides these profitable 
beasts we have also in this country lions, bears, wolves, 
foxes, and particularly very many snakes, which are large 
and as long as 8, 10, and 12 feet. Among others, there 
is a sort of snake, which we call rattlesnake, from a cer- 
tain rattle which is in its tail, two or three fingers breadth 



134 The Mohawk Indians. 

long, and has ten or twelve joints, and with this rattle 
it makes a noise like the crickets. Its color is variegated 
like our large spotted dogs. These snakes have very 
sharp teeth in their mouth, and dare to bite dogs; they 
make way for neither man nor beast, but fall on and bite 
them, and their bite is very poisonous, and commonly 
even deadly too. 

As to the soil of this country, that on the mountains 
is a reddish sand or rock, but in the low flat lands, and 
along the rivers, and even in the sides of the mountains 
for an hundred or two hundred paces upjthere is often 
clay ground. I have been on hills here, as high as a 
church, to examine the soil, and have found it to be clay. 
In this ground there appears to be a singular strength 
and capacity for bearing a crop, for a farmer here told 
me that he had clean wheat off one and the same piece 
of land, eleven years successively without ever breaking 
it up, or letting it lie fallow. The butter here is clean 
and yellow as in Holland. Through this land runs an 
excellent river, about 500 or 600 paces wide. This river 
comes out of the Mahakas country, about four miles 
north of us. There it flows between two high rocky 
banks, and falls from a height equal to that of a church, 
with such a noise that we can sometimes hear it with us. 
In the beginning of June twelve of us took a ride to see 
it. When we came there we saw not only the river fall- 
ing with such a noise that we could hardly hear one 
another, but the water boiling and dashing with such 
force in still weather, that it was all the time as if it 
were raining ; and the trees on the hills there (which are 
as high as Schooler Duyn) had their leaves all the time 
wet exactly as if it rained. The water is as clear as 
crystal, and as fresh as milk. I and another with me 
saw there, in clear sunshine, when there was not a cloud 
in the sky, as we stood above upon the rocks, directly 
opposite where the river falls in the great abyss, the half 
of a rainbow, or a quarter of a circle, of the same color 
with the rainbow in the sky. And when we had gone 
about ten or twelve rods farther downwards from the fall, 



The Mohawk Indians. 135 

along the river, we saw a complete rainbow, or half a 
circle appearing clearly in the water just the same as if 
it had been in the clouds, and this is always to be seen 
by those who go there. In this river is great plenty of 
several kinds of fish, pike, eels, perch, lampreys, suck- 
ers, cat fish, sun fish, shad, bass, &c. In the spring, in 
May, the perch are so plenty, that one man with a hook 
and line will catch in one hour as many as ten or twelve 
can eat. My boys have caught in less than an hour fifty, 
each a foot long. They have a three pronged instrument 
with which they fish, and draw up frequently two or 
three perch at once. There is also in the river a great 
plenty of sturgeon, which we Christians do not make use 
of, but the Indians eat them greedily. In this river too, 
are very beautiful islands, containing ten, twenty, thirty, 
fifty and seventy morgens of land. The soil is very 
good, but the worst of it is, that by the melting of the 
snow, or heavy rains, the river is very likely to overflow 
and cover that low land. This river ebbs and flows as 
far as this place, although it is thirty-six miles inland 
from the sea. 

What relates to the climate of this country, and the 
seasons of the year, is this, that here the summers are 
pretty hot, so that for the most of the time we are 
obliged to go in our bare shirts, and the winters are very 
cold. The summer continues until All Saints' Day; but 
then begins the winter, in the same manner as it com- 
monly does in December, and it freezes so hard in one 
night that the ice will bear a man. Even the river 
itself, in still weather and no strong current running, is 
frozen with a hard crust in one night, so that on the 
second day we can go over it. And this freezing con- 
tinues commonly three months ; for although we are situ- 
ated here in 42 degrees of latitude, yet it always freezes 
so. But sometimes there come warm and pleasant days. 
The thaw however does not continue, but it freezes again 
until March. Then, commonly the river first begins to 
open, but seldom in February. We have the greatest 
cold from the north west, as in Holland from the north 



136 The Mohawk Indians. 

east. The wind here is very seldom east, but almost 
always south, south west, north west, and north. 

Our shortest winter days have nine hours sun; in the 
summer, our longest days are about fifteen hours. We 
lie so far west of Holland that I judge you are about four 
hours before us, so that when it is six o'clock in the 
morning with us it is ten with you ; and when it is noon 
with us, it is four o'clock in the afcernoon with you. 

The inhabitants of this country are of two kinds,; 1st, 
Christians certainly so called; 2d, Indians. Of the 
Christians I shall say nothing ; my designJs to speak of 
the Indians only. These among us are again of two 
kinds; 1st, the Mahakinbas, or, as they call themselves, 
Kajingahaga; 2d, the Mahakans, otherwise called Agotza- 
gena. These two nations have different languages, which 
have no affinity with each other, as the Dutch and Latin. 
These people formerly carried on a great war against 
each other, but since the Mahakanders were subdued by 
the Mahakobaas, a peace has subsisted between them, and 
the conquered are obliged to bring a yearly contribution 
to the others. We live among both these kinds of In- 
dians; and, coming to us from their country, or we going 
to them , they do us every act of friendship. The prin- 
cipal nation of all the savages and Indians hereabouts 
with which we are connected, are the Mahakuaas, who 
have laid all the other Indians near us under contribu- 
tion. This nation has a very heavy language, and I find 
great difficulty in learning it, so as to speak and preach to 
them fluently. There is no Christian here who under- 
stands the language thoroughly ; those who have lived here 
long can hold a kind of conversation j ust sufficient to carry 
on trade with them, but they do not understand the idiom 
of the language. I am making a vocabulary of the Maha- 
kuaa language, and when I am among them I ask them 
how things are called ; but as they are very stupid, -I can 
not sometimes get an explanation of what I want. Be- 
sides what I have just mentioned, one will tell me a 
word in the infinitive mood, another in the indicative ; 
one in the first, another in the second person; one in the 



The Mohawk Indians. 137 

present, another in the praeter perfect tense. So I stand 
oftentimes and look, but do not know how to put it 
down. And as they have their declensions and conjuga- 
tions, so they have their augments like the Greeks, Thus 
I am as if I was distracted, and frequently cannot tell 
what to do, and there is no person to set me right; I 
must do all the studying myself in order to become in 
time an Indian grammarian. When I first observed that 
they pronounced their words so differently, I asked the 
commissary of the company what it meaned. He an- 
swered me that he did not know, but imagined they chang- 
ed their language every two or three years ; I told him 
in reply that it could never be that a whole nation should 
so generally change their language ; and, though he has 
been connected with them here these twenty years, he 
can afford me no assistance. 

The people and Indians here in this country are of 
much the same stature with us Dutchmen ; some of them 
have very good features, and their bodies and limbs are 
well proportioned ; they all have black hair and eyes, 
but their skin is yellow. In summer they go naked, hav- 
ing only their private parts covered with a patch. The 
children and young folks to 10, 12 and 14 years of age 
go mother naked. In winter they hang loosely about 
them an undressed deer's, or bear's, or panther's skin; 
or they take some beaver and otter skins, of wild cat's, 
raccoons, martins, otters, minks, squirrels, or several 
kinds of skins, which are plenty in this country, and sew 
some of them to the others, until it is a square piece, 
and that is then a garment for them ; or they buy of us 
Dutchmen two and an half ells of duffels ; and that they 
hang loosely on them, just as it was torn off, without 
any sewing, and as they go away they look very much 
at themselves, and think they are very fine. They make 
themselves stockings and shoes of deer skin, or they take 
leaves of their corn, and plat them together and use them 
for shoes. The women as well as the men, go naked 
about the head. The women let their hair grow very 
long, and tie it together a little, and let it hang down 



138 The Mohawk Indians. 

their backs. Some of the men wear their hair on one 
side of the head, and some on both sides, and a long lock 
of hair hanging down. On the top of their heads they 
have a streak of hair from the forehead to the neck, about 
the breath of three fingers, and this they shorten until 
it is about two or three fingers long, and it stands right 
on end like a cock's comb or hog's bristles ; on both sides 
of this cock's comb they cut the hair short off, except the 
aforesaid locks, and they also leave on the bare places 
here and there small locks, such as are in sweeping- 
brushes, and then they are very fine. 

They likewise paint their faces red, blue, &c., and then 
they look like the devil himself. They smear their heads 
with bear's-grease, which they all carry with them for 
this purpose in a small basket ; they say they do it to 
make their hair grow better and prevent their having 
lice. When they travel, they take with them some of 
their maize, a kettle, a wooden bowl, and a spoon; these 
they pack up and hang on their backs. Whenever they 
are hungry, they forthwith make a fire and cook ; they 
can get fire by rubbing pieces of wood against one another, 
and that very quickly. 

They generally live without marriage ; but if any of 
them have wives, the marriage continues no longer than 
they think proper, and then they separate, and each 
takes another partner. I have seen those who had 
parted, and afterwards lived a long time with others, 
seek their former partners, and again be one pair. And, 
though they have wives, yet they will not leave off going 
a whoring; and if they can sleep with another man's wife, 
they think it a brave thing. The women are exceedingly 
addicted to whoring; they will lie with a man for the 
value of one, two, or three shillings, and our Dutchmen 
run after them yeVy much. 

The women, when they have been delivered, go about 
immediately afterwards, and be it ever so cold it makes 
no difference, they wash themselves and the young child in 
the river or the snow. They will not lie down (for they 
say that if they did they should soon die), but keep going 




The Mohawk Indians. 139 

about. They are obliged to cut wood, to travel three or 
four miles with their child in a wood ; they go, they stand, 
they work, as if they had not lain in, and we cannot see 
that they suffer any injury by it ; and we sometimes try 
to persuade our wives to lay-in so, and that the way of 
lying-in in Holland is a mere fiddle-faddle. The men 
have great authority over their concubines, so that if they 
do anything which affronts them and raises their passion, 
they take an axe and knock them in the head, and there 
is an end of it. The women are obliged to prepare the 
land, to mow, to plant, and do everything ; the men do 
nothing, except hunting, fishing, and going to war against 
their enemies. They are very cruel towards their enemies 
in the time of war; for they first bite off the nails of the 
fingers of their captives, and cut off some joints, and some, 
times the whole of the fingers; after that, the captives 
are forced to sing and dance before them stark naked ; 
and finally, they roast their prisoners dead before a slow 
fire for some days, and then eat them up. The common 
people eat the arms, buttocks and trunk, but the chiefs 
eat the head and the heart. 

Our Mahakas carry on great war against the Indians 
of Canada, on the river Saint Lawrence, and take many 
captives, and sometimes there are French Christians 
among them. Last year, our Indians got a great booty 
from the French on the river Saint Lawrence, and took 
three Frenchmen, one of whom was a Jesuit. They 
killed one, but the Jesuit (whose left thumb was cut off, 
and all the nails and pieces of his fingers were bitten,) 
we released, and sent him to France by a yacht which 
was going to Holland. They spare all the children from 
ten to twelve years old, and all the women whom they 
take in war, unless the women are very old, and then 
they kill them. Though they are so very cruel to their 
enemies, they are very friendly to us, and we have no 
dread of them. We go with them into the woods ; we 
meet with each other, sometimes at an hour or two's 
walk from any houses, and think no more about it than 
if we met with a Christian. They sleep by us, 

\& n 







f&utaVio 



140 The Mohawk Indians. 

chambers before our beds. I have had eight at once who 
laid and slept upon the floor near my bed, for it is their 
custom to sleep only on the bare ground, and to have 
only a stone or a bit of wood under their heads. In the 
evening, they go to bed very soon after they have supped; 
but they rise early in the morning, and are up before 
day begins to break. They are very slovenly and dirty ; 
they wash neither their face nor hands, but let all remain 
upon their yellow skin, and look as dirty as hogs. Their 
bread is Indian corn beaten to pieces between two stones, 
of which they make a cake and bake it in the ashesj_ 
their other victuals are venison, turkies, hares, bears, 
wild cats, their own dogs, &c. The fish they cook just 
as they get them out of the water without cleansing; also 
the entrails of deer with all their contents, which they 
cook a little; and if the entrails are then too tough, they 
take one end in their mouth, and the other in their hand, 
and between hand and mouth they separate and eat them. 
So they do commonly with the flesh, for they carve a 
little piece and lay it on the fire, as long as till one can 
go from house to church, and then it is done; and when 
they eat it, the'blood runs down their chins. They can 
also take a piece of bear-grease as large as two fists, and 
eat it up so without bread or anything else. It is natural 
to them to have no beards; not one in an hundred has 
any hair about his mouth. 

They have also naturally a great opinion of themselves; 
they say, I hy Otkon (I am the devil), by which they 
mean that they are superior folks. In order to praise 
themselves and their people, whenever we tell them they 
are very expert at catching deer, or doing this and that, 
they say,. Tksocks ho, aguweechon Kajingahaga kouaane 
Jountuckcha Othkon ; that is, Really all the Mohawks 
are very cunning devils. They make their houses of the 
bark of trees, very close and warm, and kindle their fire 
in the middle of them. They also make of the peeling and 
bark of trees, canoes or small boats, which will carry four, 
five and six persons. In like manner they hollow out trees, 
and use them for boats, some of which are very large. 



The Mohawk Indians. 141 

I have several times sat and sailed with ten, twelve and 
fourteen persons in one of these hollowed logs. We have 
in our colony* a wooden canoe obtained from the Indians, 
which will easily carry two hundred schepelsf of wheat. 
The arms used by them in war were formerly a bow and 
arrow, with a stone axe and clap hammer, or mallet; 
but now they get from our people guns, swords, iron axes 
and mallets. Their money consists of certain little bones, 
made of the shells of cockles, which are found on the sea- 
beach; a hole is drilled through the middle of the little 
bones, and these they string upon thread, or they make 
of them belts as broad as a hand or broader, which they 
hang on their necks, or around their bodies; they have 
also several holes in their ears, and there they likewise 
hang some. They value these little bones as highly as 
many Christians do gold, silver and pearls ; but they have 
no idea of our money, and esteem it no better than iron. 
I once showed one of their chiefs a rix-dollar; he asked 
how much it was worth among the Christians; and when 
I told him, he laughed exceedingly at us, saying we were 
fools to value a piece of iron so highly; arid if he had 
such money, he would throw it into the river. They 
place their dead upright in holes, and do not lay them 
down, and then they throw some trees and wood on the 
grave, or enclose it with palisades. They have their set 
times for going-to catch fish, bears, panthers, and beavers. 
In the spring, they catch vast quantities of shad and lam- 
preys, which are very large here: they lay them on the 
bark of trees in the sun, and dry them thoroughly hard, 
and then put them in " notasten," or bags, which they 
plait from hemp which grows wild here, and keep the 
fish till winter. When their corn is ripe, they take off 
the ears and put them in deep pits, and preserve them 
therein the whole winter. They can also make nets and 
seines, ten or twelve men will go together and help each 
other, all of whom own the seine in common. 
They are entire strangers to all religion, but they have 

* Rensselaerswyck. t A schepel is about three pecks. 

Annals ix.] 13 



142 The Mohawk Indians. 

a Tharonhijouaagon (whom they also otherwise call Ath- 
zoockkuatoriaho), that is, a Genius, whom they esteem 
in the place of god ; but they do not serve or present offer- 
ings to him. They worship and present offerings to the 
devil, whom they call Otskon, or Aireskuoni, if they 
have any bad luck in war, they catch a bear, which they 
cut in pieces, and roast, and that they offer up to their 
Aireskuoni, saying the following words: " Oh ! great and 
mighty Aireskuoni, we know that we have offended 
against thee, inasmuch as we have not killed and eaten 
our captive enemies ; forgive us this. We promise that 
we, will kill and eat all the captives we shall hereafter 
take as certainly as we have killed and eaten this bear." 
Also when the weather is very hot, and there comes a 
cooling breeze, they cry out directly, Asoronusi, asoronusi, 
Otskon aworouhsis reinnuha ; that is, " I thank thee, devil, 
I thank thee, Oomke !" If they are sick, or have a pain 
or soreness anywhere in their limbs, and I ask them 
what ails them ? they say that the devil sits in their 
body, or in the sore places, and bites them there ; and 
they always attribute to the devil the accidents which 
befall them; they have otherwise no religion. When we 
pray they laugh at us. Some of them despise it entirely ; 
and some, when we tell them what we do when we pray, 
stand astonished. When we have a sermon, sometimes 
ten or twelve of them, more or less, will attend, each 
having a long tobacco pipe, made by himself, in his mouth, 
and will stand awhile and look, and afterwards ask me 
what I was doing and what I wanted, that I stood there 
and made so many words, while none of the rest might 
speak ? I tell them that I admonish the Christians, that 
they must not steal, nor commit lewdness, nor get drunk, 
nor commit murder, and that they too ought not to do 
these things; and that I intend in process of time to 
preach the same to them and come to them in their own 
country and castles (about three days journey from here, 
further inland) when I am acquainted with their language. 
They say I do well to teach the Christians; but im- 
mediately add, Diatennonjawij Assyreoni, hagiowisk, that 



The Mohawk Indians. 143 

is, "Why do so many Christians do these things ? " They 
call us Assyreoni, that is, cloth-makers, or Charistooni, 
that is, iron workers, because our people first brought 
cloth and iron among them. 

They will not come into a house where there is a men- 
struous woman, nor eat with her. No woman must touch 
their snares in which they catch deer, for they say the 
deer can scent it. 

The other day an old woman came to our house, and 
told my people that her forefathers had told her " that 
Tharonhij-Jagon, that is, God, once went out a walking 
with his brother, and a dispute arose between them, and 
God killed his brother.*' I suppose this fable took its 
rise from Cain and Abel. They have a droll theory of 
the creation, for they think that a pregnant woman fell 
down from heaven, and that a tortoise (of which there 
are plenty here, in this country, of two, three and four 
feet long, some with two heads, very mischievous and 
addicted to biting) took this pregnant woman on its back, 
because every place was covered with water ; and that 
the woman sitting upon the tortoise grabbled with her 
hands in the water, and scratched up some of the earth ; 
whence it finally happened that the earth became elevated 
above the water. They think that there are more worlds 
than one, and that we came from another world. 

The Mohawk Indians are divided into three tribes, which 
are called Ochkari, Anaware, Oknaho, that is, the bear, 
the tortoise and the wolf. Of these, the tortoise is the 
greatest and most eminent ; and they boast that they are 
the oldest descendants of the woman before mentioned, 
these have made a fort of palisades, and they call their 
castle Asserue. Those of the bear are the next to these, 
and their castle is called by them Banagiro. The last 
are a progeny of these, and their castle is called Thenon- 
diogo. Each of these tribes carries the beast after which 
it is called (as the arms in its banner) when it goes to 
war against its enemies, and this is done as well for the 
terror of its enemies, as for a sign of its own bravery. 
Lately one of their chiefs came to me and presented me 



144 The Mohawk Indians. 

with, a beaver an otter, and some cloth he had taken 
from the French, the which I must receive as a token of 
friendship. When he opened his budget there appeared 
in it a dried head of a bear, with grinning teeth. I asked 
him what that meant? He answered me that he fastened 
it upon his left shoulder by the side of his head, and that 
then he was the devil, who cared for nothing, and did not 
fear any thing. 

The goverment among them consists of the oldest, the 
most sensible, the best speaking and most warlike men. 
These commonly resolve, and then the young and warlike 
men execute. But if the common people do not approve 
of the resolution, it is left entirely to the determination 
of the mob. The chiefs are generally the poorest among 
them, for instead of their receiving from the common peo- 
ple as among Christians, they are obliged to give to the 
mob ; especially when any one is killed in war, they give 
great presents to the next of kin of the deceased ; and if 
they take any prisoners they present them to that family 
of which one has been killed, and the prisoner is then 
adopted by the family into the place of the deceased per- 
son. There is no punishment here for murder and other 
villainies, but every one is his own avenger. The friends 
of the deceased revenge themselves upon the murderer 
until peace is made by presents to the next of kin. But 
although they are so cruel, and live without laws or any 
punishments for evil doers, yet there are not half so 
many villainies or murders committed amongst them as 
amongst Christians ; so that I ofientimes think with as- 
tonishment upon all the murders committed in the father- 
land, notwithstanding their severe laws and heavy penal- 
ties. These Indians, though they live without laws, or 
fear of punishment, do not at least they very seldom 
kill people, unless it may be in a great passion, or a 
hand-to-hand fight. Wherefore we go wholly uncon- 
cerned along with the Indians and meet each other an 
hour's walk off in the woods without doing any harm to 
one another. 

JOHANNES MEGAPOLENSIS. 



( 145) 

NOTES FROM THE NEWSPAPERS. 

Continued from vol. viii, p. 164. 



1827. 

Jan. 1. The common council met and unanimously re- 
elected James Stevenson, mayor of the city for the en- 
suing year; 18 votes were cast. 

At the Capitol, De Witt Clinton was sworn into office 
as governor of the state, and Nathaniel Pitcher as lieu- 
tenant-governor, for the ensuing two years. 

The citizens were occupied in getting up an Athenaum. 
On the 20th of January a meeting was held at Knicker- 
backer Hall, Chandler Starr in the chair. Upwards of 
160 names had been secured, and it was resolved to call 
for $1'25 from each, and open the rooms immediately. 
It was intended to be the most important literary esta- 
blishment ever reared in the city. S. D. W. Bloodgood, 
R. M. Meigs, and R. V. De Witt, were appointed to ob- 
tain subscriptions to a permanent fund. 
Jan. 3. John Butman died. 
Jan. 6. John Mancius died, aged 42. 
Jan. 7. Lydia, wife of James Linacre, died, aged 78. 
Jan. 12. William Morrow died, of the firm of Paddock 
& Morrow. 

Jan. 21. The thermometer stood at 18 deg. below 
zero. The month had been unusually cold, and much 
snow had fallen. The following record of one week is 
remarkable : 

15th, 3 deg. below zero at 7 a. m., 
16th, 19 do above do do 
17th, 2 do below do do 
18th, 5 do do do do 
19th, 2 do do do do 
20th, 9 do do do do 
21st, 18 do do do do 



146 Notes from the Newspapers. 

On the 24th December, 1796, the thermometer stood 
at 20 deg. below zero. On the llth February, 1818, 26 
deg. below zero, and on the following day 20 deg. below. 

In 1820 the lowest temperature was 5 deg. below zero. 

1821 do do 14 do 

1822 do do 14 do 

1823 do do 6 do 

1824 do do 3 do 

1825 do do 6 do 

1826 do do 12 do 

It was stated at this time, that in extreme cold wea- 
ther, the thermometer was lower, by two or three de- 
grees, at the eastern part of the city, along the banks of 
the river, than it was on the hill, which was supposed 
to be the effect of air passing over a large body of ice. 
At the corner of Hudson and South Market streets, a 
thermometer marked on the 21st, at sunrise, 23 deg. 
below zero, and from the 14th to the 21st it ranged from 
2 deg. to 10 deg. below zero. A thermometer in Plain 
street on the morning of the 22d, marked 24 deg. below 
zero. 

Jan. 22. At a meeting of the common council, William 
Mascraft was appointed city superintendent, Philip Hook- 
ar ^declining a re-election. 

A law was passed altering the name of Marsh street 
to Montgomery street, the former street being considered 
a continuation of the latter. 

Water street was ordered to be pitched, leveled, filled 
and reduced, from Orange street to North Ferry, and 
Montgomery from Quackenbush street to North Ferry. 

Jan. 24. A meeting of the citizens of Albany friendly 
to the adoption of measures for the relief of the Greeks 
was held at Knickerbacker Hall: James Stevenson, chair- 
man; B. F. Butler, secretary. Without taking any ac- 
tion, an adjournment was made to a future day. 

At a meeting held for the same purpose in New York, 
before the above, a note was read from Christian Miller 
of Albany, stating that he was induced, from having read 
the speech of Judge Irving, to contribute to the glorious 
cause, and enclosing check for $20. 






Notes from the Newspapers. 147 

The adjourned meeting of the friends of Greece met 
at Knickerbacker Hall, and were addressed eloquently 
by Gen. Peter Gansevoort, who offered a series of reso- 
lutions, which were seconded by Chandler Starr, with 
appropriate remarks. A very large number of citizens 
composed the committee to procure substantial relief, 
and the clergy were requested to preach sermons and 
take up collections. An appeal was made to the whole 
state for contributions of provisions. 

Jan. 26. Catharine, wife of Dr. Elias Willard, died, 
aged 71. She was a daughter of John Livingston, born 
in New York, and by her parents sent to Montreal, to 
complete her education. In 1788, while on a visit to 
Boston, she was married to Dr. Willard, a surgeon in 
the revolutionary army. Shortly after they removed to 
Stillwater, where they resided till 1801, when they re- 
moved to Albany. 

A committee of the Massachusetts legislature consi- 
dered the project of a rail road between Boston and Al- 
bany, and reported in favor of the measure. The ex- 
pense was estimated at $15,000 per mile, and 160 miles 
$2,400,000. The annual income was laid at $300,000. 

The mean temperature of the month was 17*16 deg.; 
greatest height, 39 deg.; lowest, 18 deg. below zero. 
Rain on 2 days, snow on 10 days; 5'40 inches by rain 
guage. 

Feb. 1. Major James Van Rensselaer died, at his resi- 
dence in Bethlehem, aged 81. 

Feb. 2. Ann Maria, daughter of John Van Ness, died, 
aged 22. 

David Jenkins died, aged 56. 

Feb. 3. George, son of Daniel Hale, died at Liverpool. 

Feb. 9. Pelatiah Adams died, aged 62. 

Feb. 12. A law was passed by the common council, 
for "reducing, leveling, pitching, and paving North 
Pearl street, from State street to Columbia street, agree- 
ably to a plan approved and presented by I. & J. Town- 
send, Charles R. Webster, and others." 

Feb. 16. Capt. James La Grange died, aged 64. 



148 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Among the donations in aid of the Greeks, which were 
numerous, was one from the butchers, of 53 barrels of 
prime beef. 

Feb. 17. Philip P. Van Rensselaer died, at Cherry Hill, 
aged 44. 

Edwin A. Caldwell, youngest son of James Caldwell, 
died at New Orleans, whither he had gone for the benefit 
of his health. 

Feb. 19. A resolution passed the common council, di- 
recting the sale by auction, on the first Monday in March, 
of eleven feet of the watering place, and of eight feet of 
the lot north of and adjoining thereto; the purchaser 
being required to fill up that part of the watering place. 

The sale of property adjoining the watering place, by 
the Dutch church, was made to the corporation, on con- 
dition that a common watering place of the breadth of 
45 feet should always be kept open for the accommoda- 
tion of the citizens of Albany, and this condition the 
present consistory of the church refused to annul. The 
breadth of the watering place at this time was 56 feet. 

Matthew Trotter and others petitioned the common 
council for a market house on the site of the watering 
place, and a committee was appointed to investigate the 
subject, consisting of Isaac Denniston, Andrew Kirk, and 
Daniel McGlashan. They reported that the consistory 
were entirely opposed to making any terms of the kind, 
" without receiving an equivalent therefor." 

Feb. 20. The library department of the Albany Athe- 
neum went into operation. Paul Hochstrasser, librarian. 

Feb. 27. Ezekiel Churchill, formerly of Albany, died 
in New York, aged 29. 

Mean temperature of the month, 27 deg., 10 sec.; 
greatest height, 43 deg.; lowest, 8 deg. below zero; rain 
guage, 3*007 inches. 

March 6. Jane, wife of William Bement, died, aged 50. 

An application was made to the legislature for a 
charter under which to construct a McAdam road from 
Albany to Gibbonsville. It met with a great deal of op- 
position, and was condemned by the common council. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 149 

The citizens of Watervliet, at a public meeting, passed 
resolutions against it. 

The quantity of snow which fell during the four winter 
months, was as follows: December, 4 inches; January, 
42 inches; February, 14 inches; March, 3 inches. Total 
63 inches. 

March 12. A committee of the corporation reported 
in favor of selling the property south of the ferry, on the 
margin of the river. This property was much of the 
time under water. 

March 18. Alexander Root, formerly of Albany, died 
at Springfield, Mass., aged 28. 

Col. Gideon Fairman, sometime a resident of Albany, 
and a noted engraver, died in Philadelphia, aged 51. 

March 20. Dr. Elias Willard died, aged 71. He was 
born at Harvard, Mass., in January, 1756, where he con- 
tinued until the 16th year of his age. At that time he 
repaired to Boston, and commenced the study of medi- 
cine under the direction of Dr. Jarvis, an eminent prac- 
titioner of that city. At the commencement of the revo- 
lutionar)' war, having completed his education, he was 
appointed surgeon to the hospitals of Boston and the 
vicinity. Being attached to the army, he was transferred 
to White Plains, where he continued a short time, and 
then returned to Boston. Here he again remained some 
time, and was married. He was afterwards transferred 
successively to German Flats and Ticonderoga, continu- 
ing with the army during the whole contest. At the 
conclusion of the war he settled at Stillwater, where he 
continued in the practice of his profession till 1801, in 
which year he removed to Albany, and resided there un- 
til his death. As an evidence of the esteem in which 
Dr. Willard was held by the physicians of his native 
state, it may be mentioned that in 1814 he was elected 
an honorary member of the Massachusetts medical socie- 
ty, over which a brother of the patriot Warren presided. 
The distinguishing traits of Dr. Willard's character, were 
his devotion to the duties of his profession, and his ar- 
dent piety. He became impressed with the truths of re- 



150 Notes from the Newspapers. 

ligion at a very early age, when he attached himself to 
the Presbyterian church, of which he ever continued an 
exemplary member. The retrospect of such a long life 
spent in the relief of suffering humanity, and the promo- 
tion of the cause of religion, can not fail to impart con- 
solation to a numerous circle of relations and friends. 
Daily Advertiser, March 23, '27. 

March 22. Mrs. Hannah Stafford, mother-in-law of 
Rev. Wm. B. Lacey, died, and was buried from the rec- 
tory house in Lodge street. 

March 28. William McDonald died aged 80. 

Julia, wife of John C. Shiffer, died, aged 24. 

March 30. The law partnership of John V. Henry and 
James McKown was dissolved, and a new one formed 
between John V. Henry and Peter Seton Henry. 

The mean temperature of the month was 36*39 deg. ; 
greatest height, 68 deg.; lowest,. 8 deg.; rain on 5 days, 
snow on 2 days; 2J inches of rain fell. 

April 3. Thomas Matchett died, aged 32. 

April 4. Thos. Lennington, formerly of Albany, died 
in New York, aged 80. 

April 11. Isabella, wife of Wm. Deyennand, died. 

" The splendid steam-boat Sun," Captain Livingston, 
which it was announced had been put in perfect order, 
arrived with the New York papers several hours before 
the Chief Justice Marshall, which carried the mail. 

April 12, The steam-boat Albany seems to have com- 
menced running at this time, without flourish of adver- 
tising. She professed to go through by daylight. On 
the 19th, when opposite West Point, in backing to take 
in passengers, the pivot that supported the piston, broke, 
and the engine was so much damaged, that the Sun had 
to take her in tow. 

April 13. Jane, wife of Martin Van Alstyne, died, aged 
44. 

Charles Gould, son of the late Thomas Gould, died in 
New York, aged 25. 

April 15. David Osborn died, aged 29. 

April 17. The legislature adjourned. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 151 

Gerrit L. Dox was appointed by the governor and se- 
nate a justice of the justices' court. 

The temperature of the month averaged 50-74 deg.; 
greatest height, 76 deg.; lowest 33 deg.; rain on 8 days; 
rain and snow, 1 day; rain fell, 4*66 inches. 

The places of amusement at this time were : the The- 
atre in South Pearl street, the Circus in North Pearl, 
which had been closed eight months, and the Museum 
corner of South Market and Hudson, which had been con- 
siderably renovated. 

May 1. John Meads associated himself with William 
Alvord, in the cabinet-making business. 

May 7. John Whipple was shot at his residence, Cher- 
ry Hill, about 10 o'clock in the evening, by Jesse Strang. 
He was sitting in a chamber writing, at the time of the 
murder. Mr. Whipple was in the prime of life, an en- 
terprising man, and an estimable citizen; and at this 
time was engaged in executing a large contract on the 
Delaware and Hudson canal. 

John Denio removed his bookstore from Greenfield, 
Mass., to No. 303 North Market street. 

May 11. Florent Meline died, aged 37; a professor of 
music of great talent. 

N. R. Packard, superintendent of the Alms house, re- 
ported 53 men, 57 women, and 33 children, in that in- 
stitution; and 2 men, 2 women, and 8 children, in the 
lazaretto. 

May 18. Thomas Acres died, of the firm of Wood & 
Acres. 

Mrs. Wendell, mother of Dr. Peter Wendell, died. 

Two religious papers were commenced at this time : 
The Albany Christian Register, by L. G. Hoffman; and 
The Antidote, edited by Solomon Southwick, and pub^ 
lished by Webster & Wood. 

The gable of the two story store of Messrs. W. & G. 
Humphrey, in State street, fell out, in consequence of 
the excavations being made for the foundations of the 
building now occupied by the City Bank. In conse- 



152 Notes from the Newspapers. 

quence of this disaster, three stores were erected of four 
stories in height, and made a showy block at that day. 

May 19. The steam boat Victory was launched at the 
lower ferry, where she was built by Kenyon & Hand, 
under the superintendence of Mr. Penoyer. The stock of 
this boat was nearly all owned in Albany. It was in- 
tended to surpass anything on the river, for elegance and 
speed. The cabins were fitted up by John Meads. She 
was sailed by Sanford Cobb, and would have had a 
splendid success but for the defective construction of the 
engine. Her engine was put in by Birkbeck & Co., of 
New York, but was too powerful for her hull, and a 
series of accidents contributed to her total failure. 

May 21. Isabella, widow of William McGill, died. 

May 22. The steam boat Swiftsure was employed to 
tow the hull of the new boat Victory to New York; the 
latter, owing to the high wind, was drifted against a sloop, 
and both were considerably injured. The two steam 
boats afterwards got aground on Cuyler's bar. " Super- 
stitious people," remarked the Daily Advertiser, ' * con- 
sider these accidents bad omens for the Victory." 

Matthew Colfc published the first number of The Stand- 
ard, a weekly literary paper. 

Two small buildings in the rear of South Market street, 
were destroyed by fire. 

May 23. A meeting of merchants doing business on 
the dock and pier, wa's held at the Mansion house of 
Rockwell, to consider upon the best mode of establishing 
an exchange, for holding meetings and transacting busi- 
ness in their line. 

May 25. A meeting of citizens was held at the Colum- 
bian hotel, for the purpose of considering the propriety 
of urging the construction of a market at the watering 
place, for the accommodation of the southern part of the 
city. 

It was stated that about twenty years before, the mar- 
ket house in Market street was removed, and the one at 
the foot of Columbia street substituted. This dissatis- 



fej 

> 



Notes from the Newspapers. 153 

fied the residents in the southern and western parts of 
the town. A scheme for a general market was soon 
agitated in the common council. It agitated the board 
during the years 1809, '10, '12, and '13. The site of 
the Lutheran church was finally purchased, in 1816, for 
the sum of $32,000, and a market house built thereon. 
The most rapid increase of population was then on the 
hill. Soon after, Colonie became one of the wards of the 
city, which the market in Columbia street was well cal- 
culated to benefit, and which at once defeated the plan 
of a general market. After the completion of the canals, 
the current of population was southerly. In 1827 the 
project of a commodious new market house was again 
agitated. The inhabitants of the southern portion of 
the city opposed the measure, and advocated the erection 
of a market house at the Watering place. 

May 27. Warren B. Cruttenden, the first commander 
of the steam boat New Philadelphia, died, aged 20. 

May 28. Capt. Joseph Attwood died, aged 52. 

A law partnership was formed between Salem Butcher, 
Jr., and Ira Harris, at No. 1 Beaver street, corner of 
South Market. 

At a meeting of the common council, the subject of 
markets was discussed with a good deal of spirit. The 
committee of three, appointed to investigate the matter, 
consisting of John Townsend, Daniel McGlashan, and 
Hugh Robison, reported in favor of selling the lots around 
the Fly market, corner of South Pearl and Howard 
streets, and erecting a marketf building sufficient to ac- 
commodate the whole city, and also to serve for the 
justices' court. The citizens of the fourth ward were 
strenuous for a market at the Watering place, which was 
advocated before the board by their aldermen, Jas. Goold 
and Lemuel Steele. It was opposed by the recorder, 
James McKown, and Wm. Seymour, who doubted the 
possibility of such a project being consented to by the 
people, as did also Welcome Esleeck. John N. Quack- 
enbush asked for a postponement, to examine the subject. 
Richard S. Treat advocated a general market. The re- 

[Annals ix.] 14 



154 Notes from the Newspapers. 

corder advocated the erection of a general market on 
South Pearl street, as the most convenient place, and one 
which had been purchased for that purpose ; he thought 
the proceeds of the sale of the spare lots would more than 
meet the expense, and that the building would be a credit 
and an ornament to the city. The ground proposed to 
be sold was worse than useless ; it was unpleasant to the 
eye, inconvenient to the public, and rather a nuisance 
than otherwise. The subject of both markets was finally 
referred to separate committees. A caricature of this 
market site was published without date, but probably 
soon after its purchase by the city, and is here introduced. 

At this meeting, John Dows and others complained of 
the blowing of horns and bugles on board of canal boats 
in the evening, and praying for a prohibition of said 
nuisance between the hours of 7 and 10 p. m. This at- 
tempt to wrest Music, heavenly maid, from the hands of 
the navigators of the Erie canal, was eminently humane, 
for it is doubtful if she ever fell into ruder hands. Those 
gondoliers seemed to have been possessed with an unac- 
countable furore for bugles and French horns, and the 
whole country was serenaded by them to a painful extent. 
Mr. Samuel Pruyn exhibited at his store in the Atheneum 
Building a ladies' hat manufactured at Ithaca, Tompkins 
county, N. Y., which for firmness of braid and excellence 
of material, was not often surpassed by those of Leghorn 
manufacture then in fashionable vogue. 

The exchange, which the merchants were engaged in 
forming, had so far progressed, that they now formed 
themselves into an association under the name of the 
Albany Exchange Association. Chandler Starr, Robert 
Gilchrist, Gilbert F. Lush, Willard Walker and Galen 
Batcheldor were appointed a committee to prepare suit- 
able regulations for the transaction of business. Herman 

Hart, George W. Stanton, Newton, Peter Roggt-n, 

and Stafford, were appointed to superintend Mr. 

Moakley's building on the Pier to be occupied by them. 

The mean temperature of May was 59*40 deg.; highest 
82 deg.; lowest 37 deg. Rain 7 days; rain and snow 1 
day ; quantity of rain 3'43 inches. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 155 

June 3. Jane Ann, wife of Henry Rector, died, aged 33. 

Thomas Herring died, aged 52. 

June 4. The following were chosen directors of the 
Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank : Benjamin Knower, Peter 
Boyd, Richard Dusenbury, Ezra Ames, Russell Forsyth, 
Harmanus Bleecker, William Marvin, William Mayell, 
Friend Humphrey, John Herman, Robert Dunlop, Henry 
Newman (in place of Thos. Herring, deceased), Samuel 
S. Fowler (in place of William Fowler, declined). 

June 5. An election for directors of the New York State 
Bank was held, and the following persons chosen: Fran- 
cis Bloodgood, Erastus Corning, John Taylor, Thomas 
Russell, Allen Brown, William James, Isaiah Townsend, 
John H. Webb, John D. P. Douw, Silvanus P. Jermain, 
Robert Boyd, Nathaniel Davis. 

Thomas Disbrow died, aged 34. 

June 6. Abraham Sickles and John Meigs, police con- 
stables, stated to the common council, that their labors 
were constantly increasing, insomuch that they were pre- 
vented from attending to any other business, and asked 
for additional compensation. Alderman Cassidy also 
suggested that the salary of the police justice should be 
increased, as the business of his office had more than 
doubled since the great influx of population within a year 
or two. 

The board at its last meeting had resolved to construct 
a steam ferry boat, at the urgent advocacy of John 
Townsend, for the use of the south ferry. Alderman 
Gibbons moved a reconsideration of the vote, and offered 
estimates to show the economy of horse over steam boats; 
and illustrated his position by stating the experience of 
Troy, where steam ferry boats had been abandoned, and 
the proprietors had restored the horse boats. Mr. 
Townsend replied, and maintained that whether facility 
or economy was to be considered, a steam boat had every 
advantage over a horse boat. He contrasted the differ- 
ence by examples, and had no doubt that the boat could 
be supplied with coal for fuel at $4 a day. The recon- 
sideration was not carried. 



156 Notes from the Newspapers. 

In discussing the arrangements for the fourth of July, 
Mr. John L. Winne thought the corporation should keep 
the day in a manner different from that in which it is 
usually kept. It ought to be observed as a day of reli- 
gious thanksgiving. He did not expect to effect a change 
in the common practice; but for himself he would never 
.consent to keep this day as it had been kept. If he kept 
it he would keep it religiously. 

June 12. At an election for directors of the Commercial 
iBank, the following were elected: Joseph Alexander, 
Joshua Tuffs, Ira Jenkins, Willard Walker, William Cook, 
Kobert Gilchrist, John Townsend, George W. Stanton, 
Seth Hastings, Richard Marvin, David E. Gregory, Lewis 
Benedict, Oliver Kane (in place of A. H. Center, removed 
to New York). 

June 18. At a meeting of the common council, a com- 
munication was received from Benjamin Lattimore, in- 
forming that the citizens of African descent intended to 
celebrate the abolition of slavery in this state, on the 5th 
of July, and inviting their presence at the African church 
to hear an oration by the pastor, Mr. Paul. The com- 
anunication was laid on the table. 

Alderman Goold offered a resolution declaring that if 
.the consistory of the Dutch church would permit the fill- 
ing up of the Watering place, the corporation would do it 
at the expense of the city, and release to the church the 
money which might arise from the wharfage. It was 
adopted. 

The city superintendent was directed to cut down three 
large trees at the corner of North Market and Patroon sts. 

June 19. The vestry of St. Peter's Church advertised 
for sale the lots on which the City Hall now stands. 

June 20. Martin Hebeysen died, aged nearly 89, a 
member of the Lutheran church, of which he was some- 
time a trustee. He was buried from his residence, No. 
67 Hudson street. 

June 25. The consistories of the two Dutch Reformed 
churches sent a communication to the common council, 
acceding to the proposition of the latter to release the 



Notes from the Newspapers. 157 

covenants and restrictions relative to the Watering place, 
upon the grant and release of the dockage and wharfage 
being duly executed to the said churches by the corpora- 
tion. 

The steam boat Independence made her first appear- 
ance at the landing in this city, having about 200 passen- 
gers. She was commanded by Capt. William J. Wiswall, 
and exceeded any of her predecessors in the elegance of 
the finish of her cabins. 

Mean temperature of the month, 67-82 deg.; greatest 
height 85 deg.; lowest 51 deg.; rain on 9 days, 3'75 
inches fell. 

July 2. Rachel Garretson died, aged 77. 

July 5. The citizens of African descent celebrated their 
emancipation in a becoming manner. By a law passed 
March 17, 18 17, it was enacted that every negro, mulatto, 
or mustee within this state, born before the 4th day of 
July, 1799, should be free from and after the 4th day of 
July, 1827. It was enacted by a former statute that 
those born after the 4th of July, 1799, were born free, 
the males to serve till 27 years of age, and the females 
till 25. Many of these people seemed to have entertained 
a notion that the remainder of their lives was to be a 
season of perpetual rest, for money would not induce 
many of them to undertake any labor, until they were 
brought by starvation to realize the impossibility of sub- 
sisting by idleness. 

July 10. A meeting of citizens friendly to the encour- 
agement of woolen manufactures was held at the Capitol, 
arid were addressed by Martin Van Buren and John S. 
Van Rensselaer. The speech of the latter was published 
in the Daily Advertiser of July 13. The addresses of 
Chandler Starr and Charles A. Hopkins, merchants, were 
also published. 

July 23. The steam boat North America, built by 
Stevens, and intended to run between New York and 
Albany in 10 hours from port to port, arrived on the 
evening of this day, having been detained by some acci- 
dent to her machinery. She was commanded by Capt. 



158 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Cochran, was 175 feet in length, about 60 in width, in- 
cluding the guards, and had two engines. 

July 25. A special term of the court af oyer and ter- 
miner commenced at the Capitol, Judge Duer presiding. 
The commission consisted of Judge Duer, James Steven- 
son, mayor, James McKown, recorder, and Richard S. 
Treat and Welcome Esleeck, aldermen. The panel of 
grand jurors consisted of Israel Smith, foreman, William 
Caldwell, Rensselaer Westerlo, Walter Clark, Stewart 
Lewis, David E. Gregory, John H. Webb, John Evertsen, 
Sybrant Kittle, Hamlet H. Hickcox, Jason Rudes, &c. 
The court room was crowded to excess. Jesse Strang, 
indicted for the murder of John W hippie, was arraigned 
at the bar and plead not guilty. Elsie D. Whipple, the 
wife of the deceased, was also arraigned as an accomplice 
in the murder, and plead not guilty. Calvin Pepper and 
J. T. Oakley were counsel for Strang; Edward Living- 
ston, district attorney, assisted by S. A.Foote, conducted 
the prosecution. The trial of Strang was concluded on 
the 27th, and the jury after a few minutes absence brought 
in a verdict of guilty. 

July 27. A dirmer was given to the Dutch minister, 
Huygens, at Rockwell's Mansion House, Harmanus 
Bleeker presiding, who made a speech to the guest in 
Dutch, and was replied to in the same language. 

July 29. Elizabeth, wife of James Caldwell died, aged 73. 

July 30. The trial of Mrs. Whipple came on. She was 
defended by Abraham Van Vechten, Elisha Williams and 
Azor Taber. The trial continued till the 3d August, 
when the jury returned a verdict of not guilty, without 
leaving their seats, although it was universally believed 
that she was concerned in the murder. 

July 31. There were 123 persons in the almshouse, of ^ 
whom 57 were healthy, 31 intirm, 3 sick, 22 lame, 2 blind, " 
and 8 insane. 

Temperature of the month, 72-74 mean ; greatest height 
86 deg.; lowest 60; rain on 10 days; 5*43 inches fell. 

August 4. Judge Duer pronounced sentence of death 
upon Jesse Strang. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 

August 4. A new miscellaneous paper made its appear- 
ance from the office of Daniel McGlashan, called The 
Comet. It was the experiment of a club of young print- 
ers, among whom was John Visscher. It had a very 
short life. 

Aug. 8. Abraham Van Schaick died, aged 40. 

Aug. 9. Mrs. Sophia W. Jenkins died, aged 52. 

Aug. 13. Irunna, wife of William A. Kane, died, aged 
50. 

.Aug. 18. The new steam boat Victory, built in this 
city by Moses Kenyon, having received her machinery, 
made the first trip on this day, under Capt. Sanford 
Cobb. She was 143 feet long, 25 feet broad, and 9 feet 
deep ; and of 3 10 tons burthen. For elegance she surpassed 
everything that had appeared, and is believed to have 
been the first boat furnished with a piano. 

Aug. 24. John Robison, who died on the 22d, aged 88, 
was buried from his residence, No. 34 Dean street. He 
was one of the most noted merchants of the city for a 
great number of years, his place of business being the 
northwest corner of State street and Broadway. 

Jesse Strang was executed in the Hudson street ravine, 
a few rods above Eagle street. The hills on either side 
were densely crowded with spectators, as many as 40,000 
having collected, some of them from a great distance. 
He was attended upon the gallows by the Rev. Wm. B. 
Lacey, and the cord which sustained the drop was cut by 
by the sheriff, Conrad A. Ten Eyck. It was the last 
public execution in Albany. The principal avenues to 
the city were thronged during the fore part of the day 
with people from the country. The number of vehicles 
entering from the north was 1100 by count, and 175 were 
left by the road side above the Patroon's bridge. The 
citizens had never seen anything to equal it. 

A new steam boat called the Emerald, commanded by 
R. G. Livingston, commenced running between Albany 
and New York. " One who is not an eye witness of the 
fact," says the editor of the Advertiser, "can scarcely 



160 Notes from the Newspapers. 

imagine the immense number of persons who daily arrive 
at and depart from this city in steam boats, and the vast 
quantity of produce that is shipped from our wharves, and 
conveyed to market by steam and wind. Last Sunday 
evening (Aug. 26) within one hour, there arrived six steam 
boats with passengers, and three of these also having in 
tow two barges each with freight and passengers. To- 
gether they must have landed some sixteen hundred pas- 
sengers. There were never more sloops than at present 
employed upon the river, and they all go hence fully 
freighted." 

It having been stated that the trip of the steam boat 
Independence from New York to Albany in llh. 32m. 
was the quickest passage on record, Capt. James Benson 
of the New Philadelphia asserted that he had made the 
passage in 1 Ih. 12m., including the stops at all the regular 
landings. Sept. 5, the'Independence arrived in 1 1 hours. 

Aug. 31. Ann, wife of John Ewart died, aged 32. 

Sept. 6. John Cosgrove died, aged 56. 

Sept. 8. Amalonia R., wife of James Ostrander, died, 
aged 31. 

Sept. 9. Adrian Day died. 

The mean temperature of the month was 6T62 deg.; 
greatest height 80 deg. ; lowest 42. Rain on 7 days ; 5'67 
inches fell. 

Oct. 10. Margaret, wife of G. V. S. Bleecker, died, 
aged 38. 

Oct. 25. George W. Spaulding died, aged 26. 

The mean temperature of the month was 51*4^deg. ; 
highest 66 deg.; lowest 33 deg. Rain on 10 days; 4 65 
inches fell. 

Nov. 5. Joshua Gray, late keeper of the Pier Exchange, 
died, aged 25. 

Nov. 7. The polls closed after a strife of three days and 
resulted in a democratic victory. Moses Warren was 
elected to the senate by 2957 votes; John Gebhard, his 
opponent, received 2575. The vote for assemblymen 
was as follows: 



Notes from the Newspapers. 161 

Democratic. Republican. 

David I. D.Verplank, 2771 William N. Sill, 2748 

Benjamin F. Butler,. 2866 Isaac Hamilton, 2617 

Barent P. Staats, 2696 Daniel Dorman, 2502 

Nov. 10. A fire on the pier destroyed a block of four 
stores belonging to William James, and occupied by Mat- 
thews Brown, Joseph H. Greene, Slacks & Roggen and 
F. Van Home. Mr. James was present and bailed water 
with great perseverance, but the buildings being of wood, 
were completely destroyed. 

John Knickerbacker died at his residence in Schaghti- 
coke, aged 76 years, 9 months and 19 days. On the 10th 
Nov., 1826. at the same hour and moment, his wife died, 
with whom he had lived 61 years. 

Nov. 16. Sally, wife of Matthew Crannel, died, aged 37. 

Nov. 20. The morocco factory of Covert & Jones, in 
Fox street was burnt; loss about $6000, of which 4000 
were insured. The morocco factory of Mr. Peterson, 
adjoining, was also destroyed; loss 3000; $1800 insured. 

Nov. 21. Sarah, wife of John C. Draper, died, aged 29. 

John T. Norton, Jeremiah Clark, Jacob Mancius, Jared 
L. Rathbone, Israel Smith, John I. Godfrey, Edward C. 
Delavan, Lyman Root, E. F. Backus, Rufus H. King, 
Aaron Thorp, David Wood, Chandler Starr, Henry L. 
Webb, and Jarnes Goold, gave notice in the state paper, 
that they intended to apply to the next legislature for a 
new bank in the city of Albany, to be called the Canal 
Bank of Albany, with a capital of $500,000. 

The mean temperature of the month was 33'87 deg.; 
greatest height 52 deg. ; lowest 22 deg. Rain and snow 
on two days; 2'76 inches of water fell. 

Dec. 10. The trustees of St. Mary's church petitioned 
the common council for the grant of a piece of ground 
adjoining the church, for the purpose of erecting thereon 
a new edifice. 

Dec. 13. Catharine, wife of Thomas Gough, died, aged 
37. 

Dec. 12. Cynthia, wife of Elias Mather, died, aged 37. 

Dec. 17. Robinson's Corner, the northwest corner of 
State and North Market streets, was sold by auction, and 



162 Notes from the Newspapers. 

purchased by Thorp and Sprague for $33,500; with very 
indifferent buildings on it. The lot comprised an area 
of 2461 superficial feet. 

Susan, wife of Francis Spalding, died, aged 32. 

Dec. 18. Robert McElroy died, aged 43. 

Dec. 27. A fire broke out in the druggist store of Rus- 
sell D. Shaw, corner of Pearl and Beaver streets, which 
destroyed the contents of the store, insured for $1000, 
and considerably damaged the building, which was also 
occupied by William J. Van Zandt as a dwelling. 

Dec. 30. Bridget Smith died, aged 85. 

The mean temperature of the month was 29'77 deg.; 
greatest height 46 deg.; lowest 3 deg. Rain on 7 days; 
snow on 4; rain guage 3'91 inches. 

The mean temperature for the year was 48*13 deg.; 
highest 90 deg.; lowest 18 deg. below 0. Rain on 79 days; 
snow 22 days ; rain and snow 6 days. Rain guage 49'80 
inches. 

1828. 

Jan. 7. At a meeting of the common council, Dr. Peter 
Wendell declined the appointment of almshouse physi- 
cian, and the board balloted for a successor to the former 
incumbent, Dr. S. S. Treat, whose place Dr. Wendell had 
been elected at a former meeting to fill, when Dr. Barent 
P. Staats received 15 votes and Dr. Alden March 5. 

At the same meeting John S. Van Rensselaer and others 
petitioned that State street might be paved from the 
Capitol west to the centre of Lark street. 

Jan. 14. The stockholders of the Albany steam boat 
association held a meeting for the election of directors. 
The board elected was as follows: 

Joseph Alexander, John Dowse, 

George W. Stanton, Daniel Wilcox, 

David P. W T inne, 0. R. Van Benthuysen, 

Hallenbake Stafford, Agur Wells, 
John Taylor, George Marvin, 

William Stead, Daniel Powers. 

William Bay, 
This company owned the Victory. They resolved to 



Notes from the Newspapers. 163 

build a new boat, and Capt. Cobb having resigned, they 
promoted him to the captaincy of the new boat, and ap- 
pointed Thomas Wiswall captain of the Victory. 

Jan. 20. The steam boat Saratoga arrived from New 
York in the afternoon, but left her dock in about an hour 
after her arrival. 

Jan. 21. The river was closed by ice. 

Jan. 22. It having been determined by a number of 
citizens, principally episcopalians, to have another fe- 
male school in the city, a meeting was held at thejDo- 
lumbian Hotel, on this day, at which Henry Trowbridge 
presided, and James G. Mather was secretary. At this 
meeting the following persons were chosen trustees: 
Barent P. Staats, Richard McMichael, William B. Lacey, 
James G. Mather, Henry R. Weed, Peter Van OLinda, 
Agur Wells. At a subsequent meeting Rev. Wm. B. Lacey 
was chosen president, and Peter Van OLinda secretary 
and treasurer. 

Jan. 24. Capt. Angus McDonald died, aged 55. 

Jan. 26. Mrs. Pamelia Davis died, aged 30. 

Dr. Joseph B. Stewart died. 

Tobias V. Cuyler died. 

The temperature of the month averaged 29'92 deg. ; 
greatest height 45 deg.; lowest deg.; rain 4 days, snow 6. 

Feb. 1. Elbert Willett, formerly city chamberlain, died, 
aged 90, and was buried from No. 69 Hudson street. 

Feb. 3. Peter Donnelly, Jr. died, and was buried with 
military honors. He entered the army at an early age, 
and served with distinction. He was at the taking of 
Fort George and Little York, and was also with the 18th 
regiment which fought gallantly at Forty-mile creek. 

Feb. 6. Mary Van Allen died, aged 72. 

Feb. 7. Adam J. Van Allen, consort of the above, died, 
aged 70. 

Feb. 11. De Witt Clinton died at his residence, corner 
of North Pearl and Steuben streets, aged 59, and was 
buried with great ceremony on the 15th. 

Rev. George Upfold, formerly of Albany, was elected 
rector of St. Thomas's church, New York. 



164 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Feb. 19. The steam boats Olive Branch and Matilda 
arrived from New York. 

Feb. 27. Samuel Webster, son of the late George 
Webster, died, aged 25. 

Elizabeth Bell died, aged 80. 

James Havves, a cooper, was drowned at the lower end 
of the Pier. 

Feb. 27. Jane C. Eights died. 
Thomas Marvin died, aged 28. 

Solomon Southwick was nominated for governor of the 
state by citizens of Batavia, anti-masons in politics; which 
nomination he accepted. 

Feb. 29. A meeting of citizens was held in the session 
house of the First Presbyterian church, to devise measures 
for the promotion of the due observance of the sabbath. 
Lieut. Gov. Taylor presided, and John F. Bacon acted as 
secretary. A pledge was drawn up and signed by sixty 
persons, to use their best endeavors to dissuade the owners 
of steam boats, canal boats, stages and hacks, from trav- 
eling on the sabbath, and to encourage and patronize 
such of them as should cease running on that day. 

The mean temperature of the month was 34'81 deg. ; 
highest 55 deg.; lowest 18 deg. Rain on 6 days, snow 
on 4 ; 2 J inches rain fell. 

March 2. Jacob Vandenberg, of the firm of H. & J. 
Vandenbergh, died. 

March 3. Catharine, wife of Henry Fryer, died, aged 43. 
John W. Dana, formerly a merchant of Albany, died 
at Gibbonsville, aged 40. 

March 5. John Hansen died, aged 27. 
March 6. The copartnership of S. P. and A. Jermain 
was dissolved; the business continued by the latter. 
March 9. Thomas Fitzsimmons, Jr. died, aged 23. 
William Dey Ermand died. 
March 16. John McGivney died. 

March 18. The theatre opened under the management 
of George Vernon, recently from the Theatre Royal, Hay- 
market, London. 

Capt. James Cheeney died, aged 31. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 165 

March 20. William Clench died. 

March 21. Moses Guest died at Cincinnati, Ohio, aged 
73. Captain Guest was a native of Albany, bore an 
active and zealous part in the conflict of the revolution; 
and during his long life sustained the character of a pa- 
triot, a philanthropist and a Christian. 

March 24. On the petition of John S. Van Rensselaer 
to have the " small street running diagonally from Hud- 
son to Liberty street" paved, it was proposed to call it 
Diagonal street, and it was so called until the delta was 
formed into a square, by taking in that street and some 
additional ground. The common council at the same 
time directed the city attorney to prepare a law to change 
the name of Frelinghuysen street to Franklin. A peti- 
tion was made for pitching Union street from Lydius to 
Hamilton. 

March 29. John W. Yates, cashier of the New York 
State Bank, died, aged 58. He received a liberal educa- 
tion, having graduated at Columbia College in 1787. 
Although educated for the bar, he became a clerk in the 
Albany Bank, were he continued until the incorporation 
of the New York State Bank in 1803, when he was ap- 
pointed cashier. He held the office twenty-four years, 
and sustained the character of a man of integrity and 
business talents. Hp was a scholar in the largest and 
best sense of the word; one who showed to the commu- 
nity that liberal studies were not incompatible with the 
ordinary pursuits of life; and as a classical student he 
had no superior in the city. 

Finlay McNaughton died. 

March 31. The law changing the name of Frelinghuy- 
sen street to Franklin street, passed the board of com- 
mon council. This street, like many others laid out in 
the Pasture, was named after one of the domines of the 
Dutch church. 

Allen Brown having leased the Watering place for $720, 
three hundred dollars were allowed him to improve the 
same. 

The mean temperature of the month was 38*58 deg. ; 

[Annals, ix.] 15 



166 Notes from the Newspapers. 

the highest 68 deg. ; lowest 19 deg. Rain on 5 days; 
snow on 3. Nearly 2 inches of rain fell. 

April 9. The celebrated Clara Fisher made her first 
appearance at the Albany theatre, as Clari in the Maid 
of Milan. 

April 13. Cornelius Brower died, aged 90. He lived 
on the site of the Female Academy. 

April 16. James Anderson, a native of Lanark, Scot- 
land, died, aged 40. 

The ladies of the city were actively employed at this 
time in making up clothing for the Greeks struggling 
against the Turk. 

April 17. A fire broke out in the bell foundry of Lewis 
Aspinwall, in Beaver street, about midway between Green 
and South Market, which communicated rapidly to the 
adjoining buildings, and before it was arrested, swept 
down nearly all the buildings on both sides of Beaver 
street, and on the north side of Hudson street. It was 
the largest fire that had occurred in the city for many 
years. The loss of property was perhaps $40,000, upon 
which the whole amount of insurance was $20,000. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Davis died, aged 77; formerly of New 
Bedford, Mass. 

April 22. At a meeting of the common council it was 
proposed to widen and improve Beaver street at the place 
of the recent fire. Moses Phillips, manager of the theatre, 
presented $50 for the benefit of the sufferers by the fire, 
the proceeds of one night set apart by him for that pur- 
pose. Gerrit Y. Lansing tendered his resignation as an 
alderman of the third ward, being about to remove from 
the city. 

April 26. Alexander McKay died, aged 47. 

The mean temperature of the month was 44-94 deg. ; 
highest 62; lowest 31 deg. Rain on 10 days, rain and 
snow 2 days. Rain guage 2'52 inches. 

May 1. A partnership in the dry goods business was 
formed between Samuel Pruyn and John I. Olmsted, un- 
der the firm name of Pruyn & Olmsted. 

Dr. J. Eights and S. S. Treat formed a partnership as 
physicians. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 167 

May 5. A meeting of citizens was held at the Atheneum 
to take measures for the erection of a monument to the 
memory of De Witt Clinton. Hon. William A. Duer 
presided and Peter Gansevoort, Esq., was secretary. 
Committees were appointed to solicit subscriptions in each 
ward. The meeting was well attended by the magnates 
of the city and much enthusiasm prevailed, but nothing 
more was accomplished. 

May 6. An election was held with the following 
result: 

First Ward. Supervisor, B. P. Staats, 397; J. V. N. 
Yates, 56. Assessor, Gerrit Lansing, jr. 

2d Ward. Supervisor, William Seymour, 256; T. A. 
Bridgen, 2. Assessor, Ichabod Judson. 

3d Ward. Alderman, Gerrit Gates, 99; Asaph Preston, 
45. Supervisor, Nicholas Bleecker. Assessor, Teunis 
Slingerland. 

4th Ward. Supervisor, William Mayell, 220; James P. 
Gould, 224; W. Mayell, 5. Assessor, Philip Hooker. 

5th Ward. Supervisor, John N. Quackenbush, 255. 
Assessor, Benj. Wilson, 249. 

Mr. Gates was elected alderman to fill a vacancy occa- 
sioned by the resignation of Gerrit Y. Lansing. 

Orrin Fuller died, aged 42. 

May 8. John Easton died, aged 23. He was the grand- 
son of John Easton, who many years before came to this 
country from Scotland, and lived and died in this city, a 
worthy and respectable citizen. The deceased was the 
hope and promise of the family, and only male descend- 
ant in the second degree. He was to have been married 
at the time the winding sheet claimed him for its own. 

May 12. Daniel Skinner, of the firm of Webster & 
Skinners, died in Hartford, Ct. 

May 13. A sale of lots below Ferry street took place. 
Upwards of a hundred were sold, and brought over $21,- 
000. It was a tract which had always lain waste, and 
was much of the time under water. It extended from 
Ferry street to the south line of the city, was bounded 
on the west by Court street and on the east by the river, 



168 Notes from the Newspapers. 

being 1900 feet in length on the river, and divided into 
28 blocks, comprising in all 130 lots, not all of which 
were sold. 

May 14. Jonathan Fryer, formerly of Albany, died at 
Norwich, Chenango county, aged 33. 

May 16. Sidney Chapin and Hugh Cruikshank took the 
hotel known as Skinner's Mansion House, 402 North 
Market street, which they called the City Hotel. 

May 18. Thomas Andrews died, aged 50. 

May 19. An infant school was established and went 
into operation, under the management of the benevolent 
ladies of the city of different denominations, called the 
Infant school society. 

May 19. At a meeting of the common council John T. 
Norton resigned his place as foreman of Engine company 
No. 1, and Sylvanus B. Pond was appointed in his stead; 
ar,d Joseph Davis was appointed first assistant in the 
place of Mr. Pond. 

The recent post office on the northeast corner of North 
Market street and Maiden lane was fitted up by Samuel 
Fuller for a public house, and called the Clinton Hotel. 

May 21. The canvassers having declared that there 
was a tie in the vote of the fourth ward for supervisor, a 
new election was held this day, when both parties put 
forth their utmost strength, and the election was pro- 
nounced to have been without exception the most warmly 
contested that had ever been known. The result was 
that William Mayell, the Jackson or democratic candid- 
ate received 320 votes; Jamts P. Gould, the Adams or 
republican candidate received 289. Mayell's majority 3 1 . 

Nathaniel S. Skinner, who left the Mansion House on 
the east side of North Market street, took the house ad- 
joining the Commercial Bank, in State street, which had 
been known as Hazard's Boarding house. 

May 23. The sheriff advertised for sale all the personal 
property of De Witt Clinton, consisting of household furni- 
ture, library, carriages, harness, &c. The Daily Adver- 
tiser had these comments: "It was a mortification from 
which we hoped to be spared. We did not think a few 



Notes from the Newspapers. 169 

weeks ago that sufficient money could not be raised in 
this great state to save to the children of its greatest 
benefactor, the little that he left. But the loud de- 
clarations of what should be done, ceased with the breath 
which created them; and we fear that in many cases the 
intention did not go beyond the declaration. The word 
of promise has been kept to the ear but broken to the 
hope." 

James Stevenson, who had held the office of mayor two 
years and a half, with credit to himself and to the entire 
satisfaction of the people, sent in his resignation, alleging 
a pressure of private business. 

May 29. The common council elected Charles E. Dudley 
mayor, unanimously. 

The steam boat De Witt Clinton was launched from 
the yard of Hand & Kenyon, at the south ferry ; she was 
143 feet in length, 27 feet frame, and 10 feet hold, and 
was the fourth steam boat built in this city. 

Mean temperature of month 60*87 deg. ; highest 78 deg.; 
lowest 46 deg. Rain on 11 days; rainguage 4*48 inches. 

June 3. The sheriff's sale of the property of De Witt 
Clinton, to satisfy a judgment of $6000, was closed. The 
celebrated vases were bid off at 600. Nothing was left 
but some carriages which would have brought perhaps 
$200. 

A fire destroyed the buildings on the northeast corner 
of South Pearl and Hudson streets, belonging to William 
McHench. 

June 11. A fire at 12 o'clock at night destroyed a sta- 
ble and several other buildings opposite the Catholic 
church, which was with difficulty saved. 

June 12. Hillitje Cantine, widow of Gen. Moses Can- 
tine died, aged 66. 

June 15. Adolphus Solomons died, aged 22. 

An attempt was made to put up the steam boat fare to 
$4 a passenger. But the competition was too great, 
and it fell to $2. 

Mean temperature of the month 73*19 deg.; highest 88 
deg.; lowest 54 deg.; rain on 10 days; rain guage 2'87inches. 




170 Notes from the Newspapers. 

July 2. A fire at half past 2 o'clock in the morning, 
destroyed the machine shop of Horatio Hanks on the pier, 
by which he lost about $6000. 

July 4. Cornelius Van Schoonhoven died, aged 61. 

July 21. The trustees of the Methodist episcopal 
church, having resolved upon an innovation, advertised 
that they would attend at 12 o'clock on the 22d iiist., for 
the purpose of renting the seats. This proceeding gave 
great dissatisfaction to some of the members of the church, 
probably to the majority, who contended that it was built 
by subscription to be a free church, and that the sale of 
pews was contrary to the statute 'and discipline of the 
society. 

July 26. William Duffey advertised that he had fitted 
up the Albany circus as a spacious and commodious 
Summer theatre. 

July 28. It had rained on 16 days of this month, during 
which 4'94 inches fell. 

1827, July, rain on 10 days, 5 43 inches fell. 
1826, " 12 5-53 

1825, " 6 1-13 

1824, " 10 4-84 

Solomon 'Southwick declined being a candidate for 
governor. 

Rev. Wm. B. Lacey, of St. Peter's church, published 
An Illustration of the Principles of Elocution, designed 
for the use of schools. 

Elijah Hosford, of the late firm of E. & E. Hosford, 
died, aged 48. 

The common council proposed to pave Eagle street 
from the Lancaster school house, now the Medical col- 
lege, to the arch over Rutten kill. They also raised the 
salaries of the chamberlain, city superintendent and mar- 
shal each 100 dollars, and the alms house physician 50 
dollars. It was alleged that, the sum allowed them was 
much lower than in former years, owing to the embar- 
rassed state of the city funds, that their salaries had been 
reduced from time to time, until in some cases the pay 
was inadequate to the services rendered. 




SH^PfT ^ 



Notes from the Newspapers. I'M 

Mean temperature of the month, 71-36 deg.; highest 
95 deg.; lowest 59 deg. Rain on 17 days; rain guage 
5*40 inches. 

August 8. Benjamin Robinson died, aged 43. 

Benjamin Ford died, aged 43. 

The common council were at this time discussing the 
excavation of Orchard street, and the draining, leveling 
and paving of Westerlo street. 

Aug. 18. Ephraim Starr, deputy comptroller of the 
state died at Buffalo, aged 44. He formerly belonged to 
the house of Starr, Sheldon & Co., which transacted an 
extensive business in this city. He was succeeded by 
Philip Phelps. 

John Lewis died, aged 74. 

Aug. 21. Renette M. C., wife of T. W. Ford, died, aged 
50. - 

Margaret Ann, wife of Nicholas Van Schaack, died, 
aged 20. 

Aug. 22. The trustees of the Albany Female Seminary 
invited the stockholders and citizens to call and examine 
the new edifice erected by them at 65 Division street. 

A writer in the Daily Advertiser proposed to convert 
Robison's hill into a monument to De Witt Clinton, by 
carrying up a stone wall on the east, north and south 
sides, extending from Hudson to Lydius streets, and lev- 
eling the upper surface, forming an-extensive square, with 
an appropriate pillar in the centre. 

Aug. 25. Propositions were received by the common 
council for digging down Robison's hill, from persons 
interested in filling the lots south of the ferry. One was 
to take away the hill for three-fourths of the property. 

Aug. 26. Sarah, wife of James Gourlay, Jr., and daugh- 
ter of Isaac Denniston, died. 

Aug. 27. Algernon S. Sherman died, aged 30. 

Aug. 28. James Maher, from the select committtee on 
the subject of digging down Robison's hill, reported to 
the common council that the property belonging to the 
corporation on said hill contained 44 lots of from 16 to 27 
feet by 99 to 100 feet; to excavate which would require the 
removal of 150,700 cubic yards of earth, which at 9 cents 



172 Notes from the Newspapers. 

a yard would amount to $13,500. The committee re- 
commended the acceptance of the proposition of Clark & 
Rose, to give them three-fourths of the lots for excavating 
the whole, which was agreed to. 

The mean temperature of the month was 75*35 deg. ; 
highest 98 deg.; lowest 54 deg. Rain on 4 days; rain 
guage 0-88 inches. 

Sept. 1. Wilson Williams died, aged 23. 

Sept. 4. There was a heavy fall of rain during the first 
four days of this month, when nearly 6 inches fell, nearly 
as much as fell in all the months of July and August. 
The river was so much swollen as to submerge the pier 
and docks. 

Nicholas Wheeler died. 

Sept. 8. The common council resolved to allow Clark 
& Rose to lay a rail road from Lydius street through Pearl 
and Ferry, for the purpose of removing Robison's hill. 

A memorial was sent in by Israel Smith and Joseph 
Alexander, commissioners to superintend the improve- 
ment of the Hudson river, stating that the channel had 
been excavated through the Overslaugh 1500 feet in length, 
and 160 in width, affording 10 feet of water at ordinary 
high water during the lowest state of the river, previous 
to the late rains ; having removed and deposited on the 
west side of the river, 1 100 scow loads of about 24 cubic 
yards each, and requesting a further appropriation. 

Sept. 9. The legislature assembled at the Capitol for 
the purpose of revising the laws. 

Sept. 11. The steam boat North America made the 
trip from New York in lOh. 53m. The fare was $2, in- 
cluding meals, and the North America alone advertised 
to go through by day light. 

The Carolina, Capt. H. Keeler, ran between Albany 
and Troy, fare 12 J cents. 

Sept.*17. Cornelius Griswold Dorr died, aged 30. 

Sept. 18. John Platt died. 

Sept. 20. Israel W. Clark died at Rochester, aged 39. 
He had been a resident of this city for the last eleven 
years, and had been connected with the newspaper press 
20 years. He established a journal at Cherry Valley in 



Notes from the Newspapers. 173 

1810, became editor of the Watch Tower in 1812, re- 
vived the 'Albany Register in 1818, and for the last five 
years, until his removal to Rochester to assist in the 
editorial charge of the Daily Telegraph, was employed as 
associate editor and legislative reporter of the Albany 
Daily Advertiser. He was a man of singular disinterest- 
edness and fidelity. His private and political sentiments 
were entirely guileless. His aim through life seemed to 
be to adorn that bright maxim of Franklin, which teaches 
us to do " as much good and as little evil to our fellow 
citizens " as was possible. Politically Mr. Clark labored 
to purify the character and elevate the standard of our 
public journals. He never uttered a venal sentiment or 
traced a servile line. Though contributing largely to 
produce important political results, he derived personally 
none of their advantages. No man labored more zeal- 
ously with such generous disregard of pecuniary or po- 
litical reward. 

Sept. 21. A fire destroyed a wooden tenement in Mal- 
colm street. 

Sept. 25. The steam boat North America arrived from 
New York in lOh. 20m. 

Sept. 27. The steam boat DeWitt Clinton having been fin- 
ished, Ihe directors gave an excursion to about 350 guests. 
The boat proceeded to Hudson and back. This was the first 
steam boat that was entirely built in this city. Her hull 
was built by Hand & Kenyon; her engine was made and 
put up by Hall & Newman, and her joinery was done by 
James Telfree. She was 380 tons burden, and was com- 
manded by Capt. Thomas Wiswall. Her first trip to 
New York was made on Monday, Sept. 29, as a morning 
boat. She was built by the same company which had 
constructed the Victory. The stockholders anticipated 
large dividends, but the enterprise was attended with 
loss, and ruined several men of considerable fortune. 
The steam boats plying the river at this time were the 
Victory, Captain Hart, 
De Witt Clinton, Captain T. Wiswall, 
Constitution, Captain M, Bartholomew, 



174 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Constellation, Captain R. G. Cruttenden, 
Chief Justice Marshall, Captain I. Ford, 
Commerce, Captain E. Seymour, 
New Philadelphia, Captain James Benson, 
Swiftsure, Captain D. Peck. 
Albany. Captain J. G. Jenkins. Fare $2. 
North America, Captain W. L. Cochran. 
John I. Van Rensselaer died at Greenbush, aged 66. 
Sept. 30. The charter election was held. The political 
parties were now termed Adams and Jackson, those being 
the candidates for president of the United States, although 
the Jackson party claimed to be democratic and the Adams 
party republican. The result was as follows: 
ADAMS. JACKSON. 

First Ward. 

dldermen. Ralph Pratt, 290 Friend Humphrey, 373 

John V. N. Yates, . . 291 John Townsend., 356 

Assistants. Peter Bain, 289 C. A. Waldron, 361 

Joseph Fry, 274 John M. Cuyler, 372 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Fr. Bloodgood, 231 John Cassidy, 365 

Jer. Waterman,.... 272 D. McGlashan, 361 

Assistants. Samuel Russell, ... 243 Wm. Seymour, 3SO 

Roland Adams,.... 241 James D. Wasson, 372 

Third Ward. 

jJldermen. Gerrit Gates, 254 No oppposition. 

Isaac W. Staats, . . . 255 No opposition. 
Assistants. Cornelius Egberts,. . 158 Henry Vandenbergh, .... 102 

Harm. Bleecker, Jr., 146 Asaph Preston, 107 

Fourth Ward. 

dldermcn. James P. Gould, 230 Philip Phelps, 317 

S. S. Fowler, 240 H. McCulloch, 284 

Assistants. George Percival, . . . 228 James Maher, 304 

Ashley Scovel, 101 Lemuel Steele, 335 

Fifth Ward. 

jSldermen. John L. Winne,. ... 68 Fr. I. Bradt, 303 

M. Van Alstyne, .. 65 James Gibbons, 305 

Assistants. Francis I. Bradt, ... 72. John Van Ness, Jr., . . . . 305 

James Gibbons, 2) L. C. Beck, 290 

There is some obscurity about the motives which led 
the Adams party to support the rival candidates for 
aldermen for assistants. 

The old board of common council met on the same 



Notes from the Newspapers. 175 

evening, and after receiving the returns from the different 
wards reelected the following officers for the ensuing year : 

Henry W. Snyder, chamberlain; William H. Sniffer, 
marshal; John Meigs, Abraham Sick els, high constables. 

The temperature of the month averaged 62'19 deg. ; 
highest 89 deg. ; lowest 47 deg. Rain on 8 days ; rain 
guage 8'8 inches. 

Oct. 7. Reynolds, who advocated the theory of the in- 
terior of the earth being hollow, delivered a lecture at the 
Atheneum, on the utility of a voyage into the interior of 
the globe by an entrance at the north pole. 

Oct. 10. Lawrence L. Van Kleeck entered his name as 
an independent candidate for the office of county clerk. 

Oct. 17. James Matchett died, aged 25. 

Oct. 18. Daniel Hale, jr., died. 

S. W. Johnson, whose bookstore was for several years 
on the corner of South Market and Beaver streets in a 
one story building, where the Atlas office now stands, 
removed to 514 South Market street, near the Eagle 
tavern, where he carried on binding also, his regular bu- 
siness. 

Oct. 23. James McKay died, aged 28. 

Oct. 24. Walter R Morgan died, aged 28. 

Oct. 25. Jacob C. Cuyler died, aged 63. He held vari- 
ous public stations with ability. 

Richard Lush died, aged 30. 

Oct. 29. Moses Hobson, died, aged 27. 

The mean temperature of the month was 48*64 deg. ; 
greatest height 75 deg. ; lowest 23 deg. Rain on 6 days ; 
rain guage T56 inches. 

Nov. . Charles Walsh died in Virginia, aged 21, while 
traveling for his health. 

John Seymour, formerly of Albany, died at Onondaga. 

Nov. 20. John Veeder died at Princeton, Schenectady 
county, formerly of Albany. 

Nov. 21. Mrs. Catharine, widow of George Klinck, 
died in New York, and was buried in Albany. 

Nov. 24. Catharine Wiltsie died, aged 35. Mrs. Susan 
Waggoner died. 



176 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Nov. 25. The steam boat North America, while on her 
passage from New York to Albany, sprung aleak, and was 
run ashore above West Point, where the passengers got 
safely ashore to the number of about 300. A part of 
them went on board the Constellation and proceeded to 
Albany ; others overcome by the alarm of the accident, 
took the De Witt Clinton and returned to New York. 
The water was 90 feet deep under the stern of the boat 
where she was run ashore. 

The common council enacted that bread should be sold 
in loaves weighing one, two and three pounds avoirdupois. 
Nov. 25. The following were elected officers of the St. 
Nicholas Society: 

Abraham Van Vechten, president. 
Harmanus Bleeker, 1st vice president. 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, jr., 2d vice president. 
Isaac W. Staats, 3d vice president. 
Egbert Egberts , treasurer. 
Jacob J. Lansing, secretary. 

Managers. Peter Lansing, jr., G. V. S. Bleecker, 
Richard Van Rensselaer, Cornelius J. Cuyler, Wm. Lush, 
Staats Cuyler, Volkert P. Douw, H. S. Van Ingen, W. 
W. Staats, John Van Schoonhoven. 
Nov. 27. John Millway died, aged 39. 
The common council resolved to build a new market 
house in Pearl street, and ordered certain lots'to be sold 
for that purpose, lying between Howard and Beaver 
streets. They were sold as follows: 

Lot No. 1, to Fassett & Hallenbake, for $810. 

2, toP.Cassidy, 1190. 

3, do 975. 

4 , to Tobias Van Schaick , 850. 

5, to Charles R. Webster, 825. 

6, do 825. 

7, to Philip Wendell 750. 

$6120. 

The temperature of the month averaged 40'34 deg. ; 
greatest 64 deg.; lowest 18 deg. Rain and snow on 14 
days; rain guage 4'91 inches. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 177 

Dec. 3. John Denio and Seth Richards, who had re- 
cently discontinued the Albany Morning Chronicle, pro- 
posed to publish a tri-weekly paper instead at $5 per 
annum, under the title of the Albany Commercial Adver- 
tiser and Farmers 1 and Mechanics 1 Journal. 

Dec. 9. It was proposed to revive the Signs of the 
Times, under the title of the Albany Times and Literary 
Writer. 

Dec. 11. Gilbert F. Lush, died, aged 35. 

Mary Ann McNab died, aged 22. 

Dec. 16. The election in the first ward for an assistant 
alderman in the place of John M. Cuyler, removed from 
the city, resulted in the success of William L. Osborn, 
the democratic candidate. The following votes were cast : 

William L. Osborn, 272 

William Barney, 238 

Total vote, 5.10 

Osborn's majority, 34. 

Dec. 15. An affray took place in Capitol street be- 
tween two black men, named James Brown and George 
Thomas, in which the former was killed. 

Dec. 16. Ann, widow of Nicholas N. Quackenbush, 
died. 

Dec. 23. The river closed; the steam boats advertised 
for this day, anticipating the event, departed on the pre- 
vious evening. 

Dec. 24. A fire destroyed the morocco factory of 
William Fowler in Ferry street. 

Dec. 27. The Albany Times and Literary Writer, a 
quarto paper, was issued from the office of Daniel Mc- 
Glashan, 44 Dean street. It was edited principally by 
S. De Witt Bloodgood. Terms, $3. 

Dec. 27. William W. Crannell died, aged 80. 

Dec. 29. Jacob F. Sternbergh, Peter Mclntosh, Duncan 
Robertson, J. Smith, David Newlands, Daniel Carmi- 
chael, Archibald Campbell and James Carmichael stated 
to the common council that they had formed an associa- 
tion for the purpose of making a vault in which bodies 
of deceased persons might be placed for a sufficient length 

[Annals ixJ\ 16 



178 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



of time to prevent their being taken up for dissection, 
before being buried in their respective burying grounds, 
and petitioning to be permitted to purchase a part of 
what was formerly Pottersfield to erect thereon the pro- 
posed vault. 

The common council, on the 12th January following, 
granted the association two lots for the purpose specified, 
at $25 each. 

Dec. 29. Israel Smith, Samuel Pruyn and others peti- 
tioned the common council for the improvement of North 
Pearl street from Orange to Patroon street. It was at 
this time a miserable collection of hovels. The improve- 
ment contemplated the formation of what is now Clinton 
Square which was effected principally through the 
efforts and perseverance of Mr. Pruyn. It is said to have 
given the first impulse to all the northern improvements 
since made in that part of the city. The tendency be- 
fore this .was southward of State street. 

Statement of the Number of Vessels arriving at the City 
of Albany, 1828. 



Where from. 


Total Number 
of Vessels. 


Total Amount 
of Tonnage. 


Aggregate 
Amount of 
Tonnage. 


City of Albany, including Tow boats, 


65 


6 669 


102 141 


City ot New York, 


45 


2,740 


5,480 


Steam boats belonging to Albany and N. York, 
Places south of Albany, exclusive of N. York.. 


20 
155 
53 


5,002 
7,836 
3.323 


5,002 
15,672 
6,646 


Total State of New York 


338 


25 570 


134,941 




86 


5,134 


10,268 




53 


2,954 


5,908 


Rhode Island, 


9,9 


1,400 


2,800 




23 


1,069 


2,138 




13 


722 


1,444 




8 


594 


1,148 




















The tonnage multiplied by the average number of trips 



Notes from the Newspapers. 179 

made by the Albany vessels paying wharfage by the sea- 
son, being sixteen, and the tonnage of such as pay wharf- 
age by the day multiplied by three, being the average 
number of trips, makes the aggregate tonnage. Vessels 
from other places and states average two trips; the ton- 
nage of the several places other than Albany, multiplied 
by two, will give the aggregate tonnage for such places. 

Computing the number of trips, and multiplying #s has 
been done to produce the result in the year 1828, the 
other years were also ascertained. 

The following estimate, therefore, exhibits the tonnage 
of vessels in the Albany trade, for the years 1821, 1824 
and 1828: 

Tonnage. 

1821, 81,802 

1824 97,895 

1828, 158,647 

Judicious and experienced men estimate the burthen of 
Albany vessels to average 20 per cent more, and the tow 
boats forty per cent more than their registered tonnage ; 
should this per centage be added and multiplied by the 
number of trips, together with the tonnage of six oyster 
and fruit boats, averaging fourteen tons (not included in 
the above estimate), the result would be for the year 
1828, 188,957 tons, or by doubling the amount for going 
and returning, 377,914 tons. 

The temperature of the month averaged 34*57 deg.; 
greatest height 54 deg.; lowest 5 deg. Rain on 3 days; 
rain guage 0*24 inch. 

The mean temperature of the year was 51*06 deg,; 
highest during the year 98 deg.; lowest deg. Rain 
on 97 days; rain and snow on 6 days; snow on 13 days; 
rain guage 37*66 inches. 

1829. 

Jan. 1. The common council met at 9 o'clock in the 
forenoon, all the members, 21, being present, and unani 
mously reelected Charles E. Dudley mayor for the ensuing 
year. 

The members of the board innovated upon the ancient 



180 Notes from the Newspapers. 

custom of making their annual New Year's calls on foot, 
and, although the weather was pleasant, they provided 
themselves with carriages at the public expense. 

The new governor, Martin Van Buren, and lieutenant 
governor, Enos T. Throop, were sworn into office. A 
salute of thirty-three guns, one for each thousand major- 
ity, was fired by Jonathan Kidney's old Clinton field 
piece,. on Clinton hill (i. e. Robison's hill). 

There was a sale of pews at St. Mary's catholic church, 
which was far too small to contain all the congregation. 
Forty-four pews brought $1475. 

Jan. 8. Miss Ann Wendell died, aged 61. 

Jan. 10. Mahala, wife af Samuel Utter, died, aged 19. 

Jan. 11. Sarah, wife of Heber Stone, died, aged 45. 

Jan. 12. Rev. John Chester, pastor of the Second Pres- 
byterian church, died at Philadelphia, aged 43. He was 
born in Weathersfield, Ct., and was regarded as one of 
the most able and useful preachers of the day, was affec- 
tionately esteemed by his people, and highly respected 
by the community at large. His constitution, naturally 
strong and vigorous, had for the last two years yielded 
to the attacks of disease, and for a great part of the last 
year he had been unable to preach. 

Jan. 15. Mary, widow of Gen. Goze Van Schaick, 
died, aged 79. 

Jan. 15. Charles E. Dudley was chosen by the legisla- 
ture a senator in congress. 

Jan. 19. Charles E. Dudley resigned his office of mayor 
of the city on account of his appointment to the United 
States senate. 

Jan. 25. Helen Maria, wife of John Keyes Paige, and 
daughter of Joseph C. Yates, died. 

Jan. 26. The committee of the common council to 
which was referred the petition of Israel Smith, Samuel 
Pruyn and others for the widening and improving of Pearl 
street from Orange to Patroon, reported in favor of the 
petition, and recommended that the square which would 
be formed thereby be denominated Clinton square. It 
was laid on the table. The law was subsequently passed. 

Jan. 29. Samuel Wigton died, aged 61. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 181 

The mean temperature of the month was 22*97 deg.; 
highest 48 deg. ; lowest 10 deg. below 0. Rain on 3 days, 
snow on 5; rain guage 4*56 inches. 

Feb. 1. James Caldwell died, aged 83. 

Feb. 2. The common council met for the purpose of 
balloting for a mayor. The vote stood John Townsend 
10, Francis Bloodgood 10. After two ballotings, the 
board adjourned one week. 

James Mason died at Greenbush, aged 106, leaving a 
widow aged 85. He left 6 children in Ireland, and had 
11 by Ms second wife, and 41 grand children. He was 
for the last five years of his life entirely blind; but about 
a year before his death his hair began to turn of a dark 
brown color. 

Jeremiah Van Rensselaer died in Canandaigua, aged 60. 

Feb. 9 fc At a meeting of the common council Philip 
Phelps resigned his seat in the board. 

The recorder presented a letter from Francis Blood- 
good, declining to be a candidate for mayor. The board 
then proceeded to ballot, when John Townsend received 
18 votes, and was declared elected. 

Feb. 13. A wooden house in State street, two doors 
above the State hall, was destroyed by fire. It was 
occupied by John Ferguson as a tavern, except the base- 
ment, which was used by Gray & Osborn as a grocery. 

It was noted as something new, that the ice in the Hud- 
son river was frozen so thickly that loaded sleighs came 
from Newburgh, forty miles above New York, to Albany 
on the ice, 120 miles. The stages that ran on the west 
side of the river came on the ice at Kingston, and ran 
through to Albany with perfect safety. 

Feb. 20. The Massachusetts legislature resolved, 120 
to 115, that it was expedient for the state to aid and en- 
courage by its funds the construction of a rail road from 
Boston to the Hudson, and that the period had arrived 
when both the dignity and interest of the state required 
that the people should be called upon to make up their 
opinions definitely, so that their representatives may at 
the June session finally dispose of the subject. 




182 Notes from the Newspapers. 

The congregation of the Second Presbyterian church 
gave a call to the Rev. Asa T. Hopkins to become their 
pastor. 

Feb. 22. Mrs. Maher died, aged 80; mother of James 
Maher. 

It was estimated that 42,000 barrels of beer were 
annually manufactured in Albany, of which 30,000 bar- 
rels were exported. 

The following estimate was made of the tonnage of 
vessels employed in the trade between Albany and the 
eastern states : 

1821, 9,936 tons. 

1824, 16,802 " 

1827, 41,560 " 

In 1821 only 41 vessels visited Albany from eastern 
ports. In 1824 the number was 59. In 1827 the num- 
ber had increased to 123. 

These facts were obtained in the course of investiga- 
tions made by the projectors of the rail road between 
Boston and Albany. 

Feb. 24. Barent P. Staats was elected without opposi- 
tion, an alderman of the first ward in the place of John 
Townsend, chosen mayor. 

Feb. 25. The Mohawk and Hudson Rail Road Company 
advertised that they would receive proposals till the 10th 
of March for timber to be used in the construction of the 
road. 

Feb. 26. Anna widow of Henry Staats, died, aged 82. 

The temperature of the month averaged 19*98 deg. ; 
highest 42 deg. ; lowest 5 deg. below 0. Rain on 2 days; 
snow on 6 days. Rain guage 3- 26 inches. 

March 2. At a meeting of the common council, the 
chamberlain was directed to pay the Dutch churches 
their proportion of dockage for 45 feet of dock at the old 
Watering place, amounting to $66'60, conformably to an 
agreement entered into September 10, 1827. 

March 3. Mrs. Hale, widow of Daniel Hale, died in 
New York. 

The firm of Corning & Norton was dissolved. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 183 

March 6. John R. Tillman died in New York, aged 53; 
formerly of Albany. 

March 9. At a meeting of the common council, Her- 
man V. Hart took his seat as alderman of the third ward 
in place of Isaac W. Staats, resigned; and Obadiah R. 
Van Benthuysen, alderman of the fourth ward, who had 
been elected to fill the place of Philip Phelps, resigned. 

March 10. Fidler & Taylor's soap and candle factory, 
in Green street, between Hamilton and Lydius, was de- 
stroyed by fire about 9 o'clock at night, together with 
three vats containing about 1000 barrels of beer. The 
insurance was $6000, about one half the loss. 

March 12. Martin Van Buren resigned the office of 
governor of the state. 

March 14. John Skerritt died, aged 69. 

March 19. John Tayler, formerly lieutenant governor 
of the state, died, aged nearly 87. He had filled a large 
space in the political history of the state during the last 
thirty years of his life, and was the first president of the 
State Bank, where his portrait is seen. 

March 22. John Meadon died. 

March 27. David Bromlee died, aged 30. 

March 29. William C. Cottam, baker, died. 

Jesse Randall died, aged 41. 

March 30. James Maher was appointed state librarian 
in the place of Calvin Pepper. 

Isaac Fondey announced that he had relinquished the 
earthen ware and glass business and commenced the lot- 
tery and exchange business. 

March 31. John Pruyn, hardware merchant, gave no- 
tice that he had sold his stock in trade to Lansing Pruyn 
& Co. (Isaac W. Vosburgh and Abram F. Wilson. 

The copartnership of John H. & H. L. Webb was dis- 
solved, and a new one formed consisting of Henry L. and 
Charles B. Webb and Alfred Douglass. 

The mean temperature of the month was 32*57 deg.; 
highest 59 deg. ; lowest 14 deg. Rain on 2 days ; rain 
and snow on 1 day; snow on 3 days. Rain guage 2'78 
inches. 

April 1. The ice broke up gently before the city and 



184 Notes from the Newspapers. 

disappeared without damage. The water was over the 
docks. The first boat came up on the 4th, the Constel- 
lation, Capt. Cruttenden. 

April 2. A meeting of citizens friendly to temperance 
was called to form a state temperance society. It was held 
at the Capitol, and Reuben H.Walworth chosen president. 

April 3. Jonathan Brooks died, aged 91. He was born 
on the 13th May, 1738, in the first ward, where he lived 
during his whole life; was remarkable for honesty and 
industry, and preserved the simplicity of ancient times. 

April 6. Malhiot, a Canadian weighing 619 pounds, 
arrived in the city. He measured 6 feet ten inches round 
the body, and 3 feet 4 inches round the calf of his leg. 

April 9. Joseph Lancaster visited the city, and de- 
livered a lecture at the Capitol on the rise and progress 
of knowledge and civilization among mankind, and its 
tendency to exalt states and nations in point of intellect- 
ual greatness, national prosperity and moral character. 

Ezra C. Gross, "a distinguished member of the assembly 
at this time in session at the Capitol, died after a few 
days' illness. He was from Essex county. 

April 13. Samuel Tibbals died, aged 77. 

April 16. Stewart Lewis died, aged 54, and was buried 
from his residence 76 State street. 

April 22. The water in the river was higher than had 
been known since 1818. There were at the same time 
213 sail of vessels at the docks, many of which were from 
eastern ports, evincing a rapid increase of trade and 
commerce. 

April 22. William Van Antwerp died, aged 31. 

John Johnson died, aged 53. 

Abram A. B. Quackenbush, formerly of Albany, died 
at Schoharie. 

The mean temperature of the month was 48*05 deg.; 
highest 78 deg.; lowest 32 deg. Rain on 10 days; rain 
and snow on 1 day; rain guage 4.77 inches. 

May 5. The legislature adjourned. 

A town election (as it was then called) was held in 
which the first antimasonic candidates were voted for, as 
follows : 



Notes from the Newspapers. 185 

First Ward. ANTI-MASONIC. 

Supervisor . Barent. P. Staats, . . 315 Ralph Pratt 24 

dssessor... Greene Hall, 217 John C. Fredenrich, 110 

Second Ward. 

Supervisor. Wm. Seymour, .... 507 Moses Depuy, 

Assessors.. James D. Wasson,. . 318 Joseph S. Clark, 39 

IchabodL. Judson,. 193 

Third Ward. 

Supervisor. Nicholas Bleecker, . 187 
Assessor.*. Teunis Slingerland, 188 

Fourth Ward. 

Supervisor. Joseph Alexander, . 269 William Mayell 33 

Daniel P. Marshall, 178 

Assessor . . . Philip Hooker, 462 Salem Butcher, 36 

Fifth Ward. 

Supervisor. J. N. Quackenbush, 126 Some persons had been put on 
dssasor... Benjamin Wilson, .. 127 the anti-masonic ticket with- 
out their consent. 

The following law was passed by the legislature rela- 
tive to the Capitol : 

There shall be paid to the corporation of the city of 
Albany the sum of $17,500, on condition that all right 
and interest in the Capitol, and the park in front of the 
Capitol, bounded by Washington and State streets, and 
the lots on which the Capitol is erected (such park to be 
occupied as a public Park, and for no other purpose), 
shall be released to the state by the said corporation, and 
the supervisors of the city and county of Albany, under 
the direction of the attorney-general, before the first day 
of June next. 

Two remarkable children were exhibited at the Mu- 
seum, one 5 years 8 months old, weighing 203 Ibs.; the 
other 2 years 10 months old, weighing 119 Ibs. Their 
names were Susan and Deborah Tripp, and they were 
born in Freedom, Dutchess county. 

May 21. Mrs. Mary Hawkins died, aged 80 ; well known 
as the proprietress of the Molly Scott tavern on the hill 
in Patroon street. 

May 23. J. & A. McClure, No. 70 State street, adver- 
tised a new establishment dealing in dye stuffs and paints. 

The corporation were engaged in building two Markets, 



186 Notes from the Newspapers. 

one in South Pearl street, and the other at what was 
called the Watering place, now the Steam boat landing, 
which was dignified with the name of Clinton market. 
The contract was awarded to Vanderlip & Huxley at 
$2,404. 

May 26. Samuel Wendell died of yellow fever in New 
Orleans, aged 34. 

May 28. The supervisors at a meeting called for the 
purpose of considering the law passed by the legislature 
in regard to the purchase of the Capitol Park, approved 
of the terms of the act, and agreed to appropriate 
$15,000 towards the erection of a county building. The 
common council also appointed a committee to purchase 
a site for a public building with a view to its being used 
for city and county purposes. The site of the present 
City Hall, between Maiden lane and Pine street was se- 
lected, belonging to St. Peter's church, for which $10,- 
259'95 was paid. 

Mrs. Mary Sickles died, aged 89. 

Mean temperature of the month, 64'17 deg.; highest 
90 deg.; lowest 40. Rain on 7 days; 2-68 inches fell. 

June 3. Anna, widow of William Staats, died, aged 
81, mother of Isaac W. Staats. 

June 7. Peter C. Gansevoort, son of Conrad Ganse- 
voort, died at Bath, Steuben county, aged 35. 

The debt of the city in 1828 was as follows; 

To Commissioners of the Canal fund, $150,000 

James Stevenson, 20,500 

Trustees of Lutheran church, 15,000 

New York State Bank, . 37 ,500 



223,000 
On the 1st May, 1829, it was reduced to 155,500 

$67,500 

This reduction was made by money received from 
Yates & Mclntyre on account of the lottery which they 
undertook the management of, and from the sale of city 
lots. As the City Hall was about to be erected at an 






Notes from the Newspapers. 187 

expense of forty or fifty thousand dollars, it was thought 
this was the last time the present generation would be 
gratified with a statement of a diminishing debt. 

June 8. The common council passed a resolution per* 
mitting the owners of lots at the upper end of Columbia 
street, on the north side, to enclose an area in front of 
their property, in such a manner as to form a straight 
line with the range of the street below Chapel. 

June 9. Catharine, widow of Abram Eights, died, aged 
80. 

June 14. Several stores and dwellings in Beaver street, 
near South Market street, were burnt, supposed to have 
been fired by an incendiary. 

The Second Presbyterian church gave a call to the 
Rev. Dr. William B. Sprague to supply the pulpit lately 
occupied by Dr. John Chester, deceased. 

June 21. The new steam boat Ohio made her first ap- 
pearance at the dock in this city, with upwards of 400 
passengers. This boat was 157 feet in length, 30 feet 
beam, and 9^ deep, with 150 berths. She was com- 
manded by Capt. Martin Bartholomew, late of the Con- 
stitution. It was said that "all her wood would -be 
housed out of sight, under the houses which cover the 
engines." 

June 24. The subscription books for the stock of the 
Canal Bank were closed. There was found to be an ex- 
cess of 6488 shares subscribed for. The capital of the 
bank was $300,000, divided into 15,000 shares of $20 
each. John T. Norton was elected president. 

John K. McChestney died, aged 32. 

The mean temperature of the month was 68'03 deg. ; 
highest 86 deg.; lowest 54 deg. Rain on 11 days; rain 
guage 3 90 inches. 

July 2. Numa Hempstead died, aged 35. 

James Cooper died, aged 56. 

July 4. The day was celebrated by the citizens and 
military as usual; the oration by Thomas W. Harman, 
Esq. The military companies consisted of the following: 

Capt. McCabe's Horse Artillery. 



188 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Capt. Watson's Albany Republican Artillery. 

Capt. Fry's Albany Independent Volunteers. 

Capt. Wright's National Guards. 

Capt. Fassett's Washington Guards. 

Capt. Duesler's City Guards. 

There was continued rain throughout the day, for the 
first time in the memory of man on a fourth of July. 

July 8. Alida, wife of John Evertsen, died, aged 52. 

July 12. Jacob Evertsen died, aged 62. 

July 20. At the first election of directors of the Canal 
Bank, the following were chosen: John T. Norton, 
Jeremiah Clark, James Porter, Israel Smith, James 
Gould, Edwin Croswell, John I. Godfrey, David Wood, 
Lyman Root, Edward C. Delavan, Aaron Thorpe, R. V. 
DeWitt, Henry L. Webb, Alex. Marvin, Lyman Chapin. 

The corporation directed High street to be extended 
from Lancaster to Hudson street. 

July 21. Jeremiah V. R. Ten Eyck died at Detroit, 
aged 37. 

July 25. Hannah, wife of Giles Spencer, died, aged 63. 

July 27. Morgan James Hall, merchant, died at New 
Orleans ; formerly of Albany. 

July 28. A premium of $100 having been advertised 
for the best plan of a city hall, the committee on this day 
adopted parts of two plans ; the cupola and attic windows 
from the design of Mr. Cutts of Boston, and the rest of 
the building from the design of Philip Hooker of Albany. 
The premium was divided between them. 

July 29. Eliza, wife of John F. Porter, died, aged 23. 
July 30. Charles Gilfert, the original lessee of the 
Theatre in South Pearl street died in New York, aged 
42. He was a native of Germany, had attained a high 
eminence as a musical composer, and was indefatigable 
in his profession as a manager, having the Bowery 
Theatre under his charge at the time of his death. 

July 31. Joseph Lancaster appealed to his friends in 
Albany against injurious charges published in the New 
York Journal of Commerce affecting his character. 

The mean temperature of the month was 67*28 deg.; 
highest 85 deg.; lowest 55 deg. Rain on 11 days; rain 
guage 3 '22 inches. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 189 

August 1. The mansion house of Gen. Abraham Ten 
Broeck, deceased, on Arbor hill, was sold by auction. 
The plot on which it stood was 759 by 292 feet: the 
house 52 by 44 feet. It is now owned and occupied by 
Thomas W. Olcott Esq. 

Aug. 9. Conrad Gansevoort died at Bath, Steuben co., 
while on a visit there, aged 69. 

Aug. 17. The common council resolved to lay out 
Clinton square in North Pearl street, the area being 200 
by 60 feet. 

A traveler by steam boat and stage performed the fol- 
lowing feat, which was pronounced the most extraor- 
dinary instance of rapid traveling that had been heard of, 
and it was questioned whether a similar distance could 
be performed in the same time on any other route in the 
Union. 

From Newbern, N. C. to 

Elizabeth City, 225 miles, in 28 hours. 
Norfolk, 40 " 6 

Baltimore, 210 " 18 

Philadelphia, 100 " 15 " 

New York, 95 " 12 " 

Albany, 160 " 13 " 

830 " 89 " 

Aug. 20. Eliza, daughter of John Meadon, died, aged 
20. 

Aug. 24. St. Paul's church, corner of Ferry and Dallius 
streets, was consecrated by Bishop Hobart. The sale of 
pews took place on the following day, when 16 sold for 
$3482-50. Ten pews were leased at sums varying from 
$10-25 to $52-50. 

The trustees of St. Mary's church petitioned the com- 
mon council for the abrogation of certain restrictions 
contained in the deeds from the corporation for their 
church ground. 

At the same meeting it was resolved to open Jay street, 
from Eagle to Hawk. This ground had been purchased 

[Annals, ix.] 17 



190 Notes from the Newspapers. 

of the city in 1807 by I. & J. Townsend, upon whose 
petition it was opened. 

Aug. 26. The Rev. Wm. B. Sprague was installed pas- 
tor of the Second Presbyterian church. 

Mary Ann, wife of Jacob Goeway, died, aged 31. 

Aug. 27. Elizabeth Abel died, aged 45. 

Aug. 31. The corner stone of the City Hall was laid 
by the mayor, John Townsend, with the customary cere- 
monies. The mayor, recorder, and members of the com- 
mon council having met at the Capitol, proceeded with 
the architect, builder and workmen, and a number of 
citizens, in procession to the site of the building. A 
large stone having been made hollow by the workmen and 
placed at the northeast corner, according to established 
usage, a heavy leaden box was let into the opening, in 
which was placed a number of articles, consisting of an 
inscription on a massive plate of copper, the City Direc- 
tory, city Charter, city Map, &c., &c. The leaden box 
containing the deposit was then closed and a heavy stone 
let down upon it. The mayor then, according to custom, 
applied the plumb, square and level, and declared the 
whole " well laid, true and trusty." He then addressed 
the assembly in a speech of considerable length upon the 
object of the occasion and the purposes of the edifice to 
be erected. 

The common council having determined to allow the 
police justice an assistant, Daniel McGlashan, an assist- 
ant alderman, received the appointment. Both police 
justices were printers. 

Mean temperature of the month, 69 '71 deg.; highest 
87 deg. ; lowest 49 deg. Rain on 5 days ; rain guage 1*46 
inches. 

Sept. 7. A gentleman left Newport, R. I., Saturday 
afternoon at 3 o'clock and arrived in Albany on Sunday 
afternoon at 8 o'clock; distance 350 miles. There was 
no more speedy journeying than this at the time, although 
the same distance had been traveled before in two hours 
less time. 

Sept. 14. The demolition of the Catholic church corner 



Notes from the Newspapers. 191 

of Chapel and Pine streets was begun. It was the first 
Catholic edifice erected in Albany, and had become in- 
adequate for the increasing number of worshipers. It 
was built of brick, and had stood more than thirty years. 
(See Annals m, 191.) The Fourth Presbyterian church 
was being built at this time, and the Universalists had a 
church nearly completed in Herkimer street a frame 
building 30 by 50 feet. 

Sept. 14." The justices court convened for the first 
time in the new building in Pearl street, still used for 
that purpose. Present, Daniel L. Van Antwerp, Gerrit L. 
Dox, and Christian H. Shear, justices ; John G. Wasson, 
clerk. David Hosford, being the senior member of the 
bar in that court, delivered an address, a copy of which, 
on motion of Calvin Pepper, seconded by John I. Ever- 
son, was requested for publication. On motion of John 
B. Southwick, seconded by Seymour Tracy, the thanks 
of the court, bar and audience were presented to Mr. 
Hosford. 

Richard Thomas and others petitioned the common 
council for permission to circulate a subscription paper 
to procure means with which to erect a Methodist church, 
north station, which was granted. 

The chamberlain reported that on the 8th instant he 
had sold the cellars under the Centre market for a term 
of three years and seven months for $728*50 ; and those 
under the South market for $305. 

A law passed to repeal so much of the law of May 26, 
1828, as required the paving of Hudson street from 
South Pearl to Eagle street. 

Kilian I. Winne died at Cazenovia, aged 64. 

Sept. 21. Mary H., wife of John T.Norton, died, aged 
27. 

Sept. 23. The butcher stalls of the two markets re- 
cently erected were sold at auction for one year and seven 
months. The Centre market stalls were sold for $158*50, 
being 10 in number. The South market stalls, 8 in num- 
ber, brought $628. 

Sept. 25. Benjamin Thayer died, aged 36. 



192 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Sept. 29. A charter election was held and the follow- 
ing persons elected: 

DEMOCRATIC. REPUBLICAN. 

First Ward. 
Aldermen... K. P. Staats, 477 

E. Corning 349 Ralph Pratt, 188 

Assistants.. W. L. Osborn, 320 Wm. Barney, 198 

John 0. Cole, 429 Angus McDuffie, 55 

Second Ward. 
Aldermen... John Cassidy, 307 Wm. Newton, 216 

D. McGlashan, 318 H. G. Wheaton, 209 

Assistants. .Wm. Seymour, .... 317 Teh. L. Judson, 213 

Jas. D. Wasson, . . . 316 B. Lansing, Jr., 203 

Third Ward. 
Aldermen. ..K. V. Hart, 89 T.Russell, 23 

G. Gates, 87 J. H. Ten Eyck, 27 

Assistants.. E. Egberts, 90 T. Van Schaick, 20 

G. W. Ryckman, . . 113 Scattering, 5 

Fourth Ward. 
Aldermen. . .James Maher, No opposition. 

Lemuel Steele, 

Assitants. . .B. Whipple, 265 Clark Durant, 1 04 

S. S. Fowler, 185 J. C. Deming, 82 

Fifth Ward. 
Aldermen. ..James Gibbons, Jr., 297 S. Van Rensselaer, Jr.,. . 140 

Wm. Stilwell, 174 J. N. Quackenbush, 7 

Assistants. J. Van Schoonhoven, 295 

John Van Ness, Jr., 291 

At a meeting of the common council in the evening of 
the same day. the certificates from the aldermen who 
presided at the election during the day were received and 
ordered to be filed. The following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year : 

Henry W. Snyder. chamberlain. 
Wm. H. Schiffer. city marshal. 
John Meigs and Abraham Sickles, high constables. 
Sept. 30. The famous Sam Patch, who astonished the 
people by leaps from great heights into the water, arrived 
in the city on his way to Niagara. 

Temperature of the month averaged 57 deg.; highest 
84 deg. ; lowest 38 deg. Rain on 9 days; 2'78 inches 
fell. 




JOHN V. HENRY. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 193 

Oct. 1. Elizabeth, wife of Charles J. Taylor, died, 
aged 27. 

Oct. 3. Isaac L. Staats died. 

Oct. 5. Governor Throop removed John Becker, sheriff 
of Albany county, for numerous acts of misconduct. 

The North Methodist church and the Fourth Presby- 
terian church, newly formed societies, applied to the 
common council for burial grounds. 

Mr. Packard, 'superintendent of the almshouse, re- 
ported that there were 63 men, 63 women and 53 children 
in the institution. 

The city surveyor presented a profile of Hallenbake 
street, from Hudson to Hamilton street, which was 
adopted. No vestige of a street had yet been made there. 

Proposals were accepted for excavating Capitol street, 
at 10 cents a yard. 

Oct. 11. The Universalist meeting house in Herkimer 
street, between Green and Franklin, was dedicated. It 
was announced that " this temporary building had been 
erected by the friends of the heart-cheering doctrine of 
universal salvation, to answer their purpose a few years, 
till they should have it in their power to build a large, 
substantial edifice. 

Helena Lansing died, aged 69, mother of Peter and 
Jacob J. Lansing. 

Oct. 13. The corner stone of the new Catholic church, 
corner of Chapel and Pine streets was laid, by Alderman 
Cassidy, president of the board of trustees. 

Jeremiah P. Jones died, aged 37. 

Oct. 14. Elihu Lewis died, aged 51. 

Oct. 20. James Dunn, of the firm of Douglass & Dunn, 
died, aged 32. f 

Oct. 21. John B. Swan died, aged 52. 

John V. Henry, a distinguished lawyer, fell in the 
street from apoplexy, and died on the following day, aged 
64. 

Oct. 22. Frances Wright delivered the first of a series 
of lectures at Atheneum Hall. 

Oct. 25. Jeremiah Cutler died, aged 26. 



194 Notes from the Newspapers. 



Oct. 31. Chauncey Mills died, of the firm of Mills & 
Rider, aged 49. 

The mean temperature of the month was 51*28 deg. ; 
highest 74 deg.; lowest, 29 deg. Rain on 5 days; 2'41 
inches fell. 

The city chamberlain reported that the amount of 
money received into the treasury during the year ending 
the second Tuesday of October, was $320,878-53 J. The 
amount of payments $3 17, 126- 15 J. Two markets had 
been built, and the City Hall commenced during this 
year. The expenses of the city poor had been $9,804-43. 
The whole amount paid for salaries was $5,952. 

Nov. 1. A vault was built near the Presbyterian ground 
for the purpose of depositing bodies for safety against the 
depredations of the resurrectionists, during decomposi- 
tion. The first body was deposited in the vault on this 
day. A few hours afterwards the person having charge 
of the vault returned for the purpose of getting some- 
thing which he had forgotten. While he was opening 
the outer door he heard a noise inside, and supposed it 
was caused by the person who had just been interred. 
Though his hair stood erect with affright, his humanity 
prompted him to save the unfortunate imprisoned being, 
and he unlocked the inner door which was of iron. He 
then ensconced himself behind the outer door, and called 
to the supposed ghost within, to push open the door and 
thus liberate himself. The confined person did so, and 
on making his appearance, proved to be, not the dead 
man, who had been buried, but a real living being, who 
from some cause had remained in the vault when it was 
closed, and who, had it not been for the fortunate cir- 
cumstance of the sexton's returning, would very likely 
have perished in his gloomy prison house. 

Nov. 3. Townsend's furnace took fire and was con- 
siderably damaged before it could be extinguished. 

Nov. 5. The annual election for members of assembly 
took place, and resulted as follows: 

Peter Gansevoort, 3333 Democrat. 
Samuel S. Lush, 3200 Republican. 
Erastus Williams, 2973 do. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 195 

This was the vote of the whole county. The anti- 
masons also ran a ticket, which received 193 votes in 
the city. 

Asa Colvard was elected sheriff of the county by 3709 
votes; James Maher, his opponent, received 1963, and 
S. B. Pond, the antimasonic candidate, 443. 

Nov. 10. Joseph Cummings, late of Boston, died, aged 
35. 

Nov. 15. Alonzo W. Kinsley died at Savannah, Ga., 
whither he had gone for the promotion of his health. 
" He was a man of amiable feelings and great goodness 
of heart; and was high in the love of his friends and the 
esteem of the public." 

Nov. 16. At a meeting of the common council a me- 
morial to congress was presented and approved, with the 
object of obtaining aid from the general government to 
improve the navigation of the Hudson river. 

The following is a list of the churches in the city at 
this period: 

Reformed Dutch, North Pearl, Rev. Dr. Ludlow. 
Beaver, " Mr. Ferris. 

Episcopal, State, " Dr. Lacey. 

Ferry. " Mr. Bury. 

Presbyterian, South Pearl, " Mr. Weed. 

Chapel, " Dr. Sprague, 

" Montgomery, " Mr. Williams. 

North Market, " Mr. Kirk. 

United Presby'n, Fox, " Mr. Martin. 

Reformed " North Pearl cor. 

or Cameronian, Orange, " Mr. Christie. 

Lutheran, Pine, " Mr. Mayer. 

Baptist, Green, " Mr. Welch. 

" African, " Mr. Paul. 

Catholic, Chapel. " Mr. Smith. 

Methodist, Division, " Mr. Green. 

Universalist, Herkimer, no pastor settled. 

Friends, worshiped in a large room corner State and 
Lodge. 

There were two other congregations of Methodists, one 
of which worshiped in a building on the corner of Chapel 



196 Notes from the Newspapers. 

and Columbia streets. The other was an African society 
worshiping in State street continued. 

Six of these churches were of stone, and seven of brick. 

A sermon was preached at the Baptist church by Rev. 
B. T. Welch, and a collection made for the African 
Baptist Society, which amounted to $116' 16. 

Nov. 17. William Cummings died, aged 39. 

The streets were lighted by 586 lamps at this time. 
The cups of 100 of these lamps contained half a pint of 
oil; the others a gill. 

The steam boats Victory and De Witt Clinton were 
sold by auction in New York. The former cost $56,000; 
her engine cost $20,000; she sold for $17,500. The De 
WittCJinton cost $44,000; her engine cost $25,000; she 
sqld for $5000, and was bid in by some of her owners. 

Nov. 28. Philip Featherly died, aged 74. 

Nov. 30. The common council accepted the proposals 
of Thomas Hurst for excavating Lancaster and High 
streets. 

The temperature of the month averaged 39*52 ; highest 
58 deg. ; lowest 23 deg. Rain on 7 days; snow on 4 
days; rain guage 3'86 inches. 

Dec. 6. John Wilkes .died, aged 67. 

The president's message was delivered at Washington, 
at 12 o'clock on Tuesday, Dec. 8 ; it arrived in New York 
in 15^ hours, and was brought up by the stearn boat Al- 
bany, and published in the Albany Daily Advertiser on 
Thursday morning at the usual hour. This was deno- 
minated unprecedented despatch. The steam boat Albany 
left New York with the message at 8 o'clock in the morn- 
ing of Wednesday, but broke her shaft, and did not arrive 
till 2 o'clock Thursday morning. 

Dec. 11. There was lying at the dock foot of Hamilton 
street, a steam boat, unfinished, intended to ply between 
Albany and New York, which was described as follows: 
150 feet long on deck; depth of hold 9 feet; breadth of 
beam 24 feet; tonnage about 300; promenade deck 120 
feet (usual length of promenade deck, 50 feet). Her 
engine, made at Pittsburgh, on the Mississippi plan, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 197 

occupies 5 feet in width on deck, and occupies none of 
the cabin, which is therefore very large and commodi- 
ous, and in which tables can be set of the length of 225 
feet; engines usually take up one-third of the cabin. 
There are 150 berths and 50 hammocks. She was built 
at Hyde Park by Wm. Brown, and has a round stem. 
Her joinery work is to be done in this city during the 
winter by Webster & Wells. She will be ready to sail 
early in the season, and is to be commanded by the ex- 
perienced and obliging Capt. Peck. [Novelty ?] 

Dec. 10. Mrs. Hannah McCoy died, aged 86. 

Gen. John H. Wendell resigned the office of county 
treasurer, which he had held twenty-one years. 

Dec, 12. John Lansing, Jr., formerly chancellor of the 
state disappeared in the city of New York, and was never 
more heard of; supposed to have been drowned. No 
event had caused a deeper sensation in the city since the 
death of De Witt Clinton. At an early period of his 
life he entered the office of Robert Yates, afterwards 
chief justice, as a clerk in the study of the law. He 
afterwards became a member of the military family of 
Gen. Philip Schuyler, and during the revolutionary war 
was a distinguished member of the state convention that 
conducted the civil and military operations of the state. 
He soon after was appointed mayor of the city, and in 
1787, was, with Chief Justice Yates and General Hamil- 
ton, delegated by the state as members of the convention 
which formed the constitution of the United States. It 
is well known what part those gentlemen took in the 
discussions connected with that subject. Chief Justice 
Yates and Chancellor Lansing withdrew from the con- 
vention, and were known as anti-federalists. They op- 
posed the adoption of the constitution principally because 
it did not more effectually secure the rights of the indi- 
vidual states ; and to those men and their copatriots we 
are indebted for the ten amended articles which were 
subsequently made a part of that constitution. On his 
return he was made a judge of the supreme court, chief 
justice, and finally chancellor of the state. 



198 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Dec. 14. At a meeting of the common council E. Col- 
lum petitioned the board for the restoration of hogs which 
had been taken up in the streets and conveyed to the 
almshouse for not being ringed. A resolution was passed 
for restoring all hogs taken up since the 1st December, 
upon the payment pf charges by the owners. 

Dr. Barent P. Staat.s, almshouse physician, reported 
that there were 214 paupers in that institution, of whom 
74 were citizens of this state, 19 residents of other states, 
40 Irish, 7 English, 3 Scottish, 5 Canadians, 1 Welsh, 4 
Hollanders, 3 Germans, 1 West Indiaman. 

Dec. 17. The circus property in North Pearl street 
was advertised to be sold by public auction. The lots 
were described as forming a front of 66 feet on North 
Pearl street, and 138 feet deep. 

Dec. 21. John Townsend was reelected mayor of the 
city by the common council. 

A large wooden building in Fox street, occupied by 
Barney Rhines as a grocery, was consumed by fire at 6 
o'clock in the morning. It was supposed to have been 
fired by an incendiary, and the major advertised a re- 
ward of $100 for the discovery of the perpetrator. 

Dec. 24. A fire destroyed four brick dwellings on 
Westerlo street, belonging to Amos Fanning, which were 
insured. They were supposed to be set on fire. The 
hose of two engines was cut to prevent the extinguish- 
ment of the flames. 

Dec. 25. James Humphrey died, aged 37. 

Dec. 28. The whole quantity of down freight received 
by the Erie and Champlain canals at Albany, during the 
year 1829, was 75,500 tons, consisting principally of the 
following articles: 

260,520 barrels flour. 
18,558 barrels ashes. 
13,241 barrels provisions. 
39,218 bushels salt. 
18,194 barrels whiskey. 
3,744 hogsheads whiskey. 
9,493 boxes glass. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 199 

9,132 barrels lime. 
266,287 bushels wheat. 
206,251 bushels corn, rye and oats. 
132,164 bushels barley. 
Also, 18,008 cords of wood. 
32,156 feet timber. 
17,130 M. shingles. 
28,180,844 feet lumber. 

The amount of property conveyed from the city of 
Albany was 33,090 tons; the tolls on which were $161,- 
418-64. 

The tonnage of vessels that paid wharfage at Albany 
in 1821, was 8,802 tons; 1824, 97,895 tons; 1828, 158,- 
647 tons. This would be increased about 30,000 tons by 
the oyster and fruit trade, not registered. 

Dec. 25. Capt. Henry Brown died at Charlton, Sara- 
toga county, aged 80. He had formerly resided in 
Albany; was an officer in the revolutionary war, and 
present at the siege of Quebec by Montgomery, and sub- 
sequently at the battles of Monmouth and Trenton. 

Dec. 30. Mrs. Marinda, wife of Ira Murphy, died, aged 
31. 

The superintendent of the almshouse submitted to the 
common council an abstract from the register, showing 
the number of paupers entered each year since 1806, as 
follows : 

148 
161 
159 
137 
189 
225 
233 
174 
261 
368 
285 
420 



1807 


2 


1819 


1808.. 


1 


1820 


1809.. 


... . 1 


1821 


1810 


9 


1822 . . 


1811.. 


8 


1823 


1812.. 


15 


1824 


1813 


72 


1825 


1814. 


84 


1826 


1815 


145 


1827 


1816 


176 


1828 


1817.. 


143 


1829 




Total 


3418. 




Births, 30; 


deaths, 264. 



200 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Jasper S. Keeler, inspector of flour in Albany, reported 
that he had inspected 34,913 barrels during the year 
1829. 

1830. 

Jan. 1. The new year day was remarkable for its 
mildness. The weather was as mild as spring ; the river 
was quite clear of ice, and the steam boats were running 
at 50 cents fare; there was no frost in the ground; the 
trees were budding, and the winter wheat had the ap- 
pearance it usually puts on in the latter part of March. 
In consequence of the temperance movement many houses 
served coffee to their guests instead of liquors, for the 
first time. 

January 2. There was a violent rain storm in the 
evening, accompanied by vivid lightning, and tremendous 
peals of thunder. 

Jan. 3. Martha H., wife of Robert Swain, died, aged 
34. 

Jan. 4. A tannery in Lumber street, and several dwell- 
ing houses, were burnt. 

Jan. 5. The legislature met. The senate was called 
to order by John F. Bacon, Esq., clerk, and the annual 
message received from E. Throop, governor, and read. 
In the house Erastus Root was elected speaker by 93 
votes ; Francis Granger receiving 30. 

Arthur N. Sherman issued a new literary paper called 
The Albanian, which the literary characters of the city, 
male and female, had undertaken to fill semi-monthly 
with original articles. 

Jan. 9. The day was very cold with flurries of snow, 
and the steam boats did not arrive till about five hours 
after their usual time, having been much impeded on 
their way by ice. 

Jan. 10. It commenced to rain, with the wind from the 
south, and the steam boats came up much as usual. 

Jan. 11. Dr. Alden March delivered a lecture intro- 
ductory to his course of anatomy, in which he discussed 
at length the importance and feasibility of establishing 



Notes from the Newspapers. 201 

a hospital and medical school in Albany. He has lived to 
see them both. 

The trustees of the African Baptist church got per- 
mission of the common council to circulate a subscription 
to obtain money to pay off their debt. 

Gov. Lincoln in his annual message to the Massachu- 
setts legislature, urged the adoption of energetic measures 
for establishing the proposed rail road from Boston to 
the Hudson river. 

Jan. 11. The river closed for the season. The new- 
Philadelphia came up to within 26 miles of the city, but 
in consequence of the ice, was obliged to be stopped, and 
her passengers reached the city by land conveyance. 
The river had very seldom been open to so late a period. 
In 1810 it closed on the 19th, and in 1825 on the 5th of 
January. 

Jan. 12. The German Benevolent Society held its first 
annual meeting in the Lutheran church. The following 
officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
Rev. F. G. Mayer, president. 
John I. Ostrander, vice president. 
Christian Miller, treasurer. 
Paul Hochstrasser, secretary. 
Daniel Pohlman, agent. 

Henry Newman, Henry W. Snyder, John Feltman, 
Frederick Van Wormer, George Young, acting commit- 
tee. 

The acting committee made a report of their proceed- 
ings for the past year: that from the time the agent com- 
menced his duties, Nov. 25, 1828 to the 25th Nov. 1829, 
93 families and 33 unmarried persons, all German immi- 
grants, arrived in this city. That 17 of the families had 
received pecuniary aid from the small funds of the society. 
That this aid, and the counsel, assistance and advice of 
the agent, in forwarding them to their respective places 
of destination was in every instance received with the 
warmest expressions of gratitude; and that of the whole 
number, 8 families only now remained in the city. The 

[Annals, ix.] 18 



202 Notes from the Newspapers. 

accounts of the treasurer showed that the receipts had 
been $102*50, and the disbursements $100'62. Several 
of the families that remained were unable to proceed, and 
the society had not funds to aid them. It therefore ap- 
peared that with very trifling pecuniary means, a large 
number of strangers, ignorant of our language, have been 
assisted and comforted, and the city relieved of many 
who would otherwise have become a burden to it. The 
society proposed to get up a concert of sacred music at 
the church in aid of its funds. 

Jan. 19. William W. Williams died, aged 62. 
The New York State Temperance Society held its first 
anniversary in the assembly chamber, Reuben H. Wai- 
worth, president. 

Jan. 22. Jane Pruyn, wife of Cornelius W. Groesbeeck, 
died, aged 43. 
Levi Sexton died. 

Jan. 24. James Matchett died, aged 80. 
Jan. 29. A fire destroyed two buildings on the dock 
near Lydius street, owned and occupied by one Marks. 
Jan. 31. John C. Sickles died. 

The committee of a temperance society, after making 
a thorough investigation of the subject, arrived at the 
following statistics of intemperance in the city of Albany : 
Estimated population, 25,000. 
415 taverns and groceries. 
200,000 gallons of spirits sold to be used in the city. 

500 habitual drunkards. 
4,000 tipplers. 

2,000 who practice total abstinence. 
200 families do. 

9 groceries declining the sale of liquors. 
2 taverns do. 

200 deaths by intemperance. 
100 widows by do. 

170 orphans by do. 

$100,000 expended for liquors at the lowest estimate. 
Feb. 1. Dr. Caleb Child died, aged 71, father of Ed- 
mund B. Child. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 203 

Feb. 2. Rev. John Sellon died and was buried from 
Congress Hall on the 4th. 

Ruby, wife of Joseph Walker, died, aged 37. 

Feb. 6. A stage coach of Thorp & Sprague's line left 
the American Hotel in Albany at 20 minutes past 9 A. M., 
with 9 passengers, and arrived in Utica at 35 minutes 
past 5 P. M., performing the route in 8h. 15m., which 
was at the rate of 12 miles an hour, including stops. 

A meeting of the Lancaster school society was held at 
the Capitol, Archibald Campbell chairman, Joseph Henry 
secretary, when it appeared by the report of the trustees 
that for a little more than $1700 nearly 1300 children 
had enjoyed the privileges of the school. The officers 
of the society consisted of Simeon De Witt president, 
Gideon Hawley vice president, Charles R. Webster treas- 
urer, and Joseph Henry secretary. 

Feb. 7. Thermometer 15 deg. below zero. 

Feb. 9. Sarah Tully died, aged 72. 

Feb. 13. Moses Hayden, a senator from the 8th dis- 
trict, died at the Eagle tavern, aged 44. 

Feb. 15. A concert in aid of the German Benevolent 
Society was given at the Lutheran church. The expenses 
were said to have been so great in getting up this con- 
cert, that although that small church was well filled, a 
very small balance was left. It was proposed to repeat 
it in St. Peter's church for the joint benefit of the German 
Benevolent Society and the Rev. Mr. Bury of St. Paul's 
church, which was done with better results. 

[This was one of the first exhibitions of sacred music 
that had been given in Albany for many years. It had 
been got up almost entirely by amateurs, at the instance 
of the Rev. F. G. Mayer, himself an adept in the art. It 
succeeded admirably, and was said, at the time, to have 
been the best musical performance ever before heard in 
Albany. It is doubtful which party was the most sur- 
prised and delighted, the audience or the musicians; the 
first, that so much musical talent existed and had lain so 
long dormant among them ; and the other to find them- 
selves all at once so much more highly gifted than they 



204 Notes from the Newspapers. 

had ever dreamt of. The impulse was thus given, and 
concert after concert for benevolent objects succeeded 
each other for more than a year with increasing popularity 
and success, until it eventuated in the formation of the 
ALBANY SACRED Music FUND SOCIETY, under the leader- 
ship of Isaac P. Cole and afterwards of S. B. Pond and 
others, which existed for some 10 or 12 years, accumu- 
lating a large musical library and other property, and 
becoming extremely popular, They attempted , with good 
success, a higher and more classical order of music than 
had been produced in Albany before. 

To this society belonged all the musical professors and 
amateurs of any note, both male and female, of the day; 
many of whom still survive and are among our best citi- 
zens. 

As an instance of the attractiveness and excellence 
of their performances, it may be stated, that on one occa- 
sion (in aid of the Orphan Asylum) in 1833, the gross re- 
ceipts were upwards of $700.] 

Feb. 17. Daniel Reading died, aged 43. At his funeral 
Rev. E. N. Kirk, from some information he had received, 
pronounced him a drunkard, but afterwards publicly 
retracted the charge. 

Eli Roberts, an eminent instructor of sacred music, 
died, aged 63 (father of Azor C. Roberts). 

Feb. 18. A convention of mechanics was held, which 
organized a political association, known as the Working- 
men's party. Hawthorn McCulloch was chairman of the 
executive committee, Henry Rector corresponding secre- 
tary, and John F. Porter, recording secretary. 

Feb. 19. Capt. William Ensign died in New York. 

Robert Martin died, aged 54. 

Feb. 21. Edwin Moseley died, aged 46, formerly of 
Westfield, Mass. 

Feb. 25. Nancy, wife of Robert McFarlan, died, aged 
38. 

A Unitarian preacher by the name of Thompson, is 
supposed to have been the pioneer of that sect in this 
city. His first sermon was delivered on the 21st Feb., 



Notes from the Newspapers. 205 

and on the 28th he preached in the Capitol morning and 
evening. 

Feb. 27. A state antimasonic convention, which had 
been in session three days, adjourned. 

At a meeting of the common council, Gerrit T. Bradt, 
superintendent of the south ferry, reported the receipts for 
two years to have been $17,013-96; expenses $4,227*62 : 
balance $12,786*34. 

The committee for building the City Hall reported that 
they had contracted with the agent of the Sing Sing pri- 
son for marble for three sides of the building for $11,500. 
The committee on the Albany Academy and Lancaster 
School reported a plan by which ten district schools 
could be supported. They estimated that there were 
3200 children in the compact part of the city, between 
the ages of 5 and 16 years ; of which number the 

Albany Academy instructed, - 200 

Female Academy and Seminary, 400 

Lancaster School, 400 

Catholic Schools, 400 

Private Schools, 500 

Children attending no school, 200 

2200 

Leaving 1000, or 200 for each of five district schools. 
The expense of five more schools was estimated at $8,100, 
and a resolution was passed by the board that a com- 
mittee should be appointed to draft a law for the estab- 
lishment of district schools. 

March 19. Elizabeth Waters, wife of Cornelius Egberts, 
died, aged 24. 

March 20. The steam boat Constellation arrived at 
her dock, the first boat of the season. 

March 22. The Albany Evening Journal, published by 
B. D. Packard & Co. and edited by Thurlow Weed, made 
its first appearance, as a political antimasonic organ. 

Herman M. Hardenburgh died; a member of assembly 
from Sullivan county. 

March 25. A snow storm commenced, which continued 



206 Notes from the Newspapers. 

throughout this and the following day, accompanied by a 
high wind, leaving 28 inches of snow on the ground, 12 
inches more than had fallen during (he whole winter. 
Pigeons had begun their migration, and thousands of 
them were overwhelmed in the storm, and they were 
taken in great abundance in the valley of the Buttermilk 
creek. 

March 27. Abigail, wife of Charles K. Strong, died. 

Ezekiel Scott Smith died, aged 31 years, a hatter, and 
a man of considerable literary celebrity. 

March 31. Jenkin Jenkins died, aged 35. 

Aprils. The Farmers', Mechanics' and Workingmen's 
Advocate was first published by McPherson & McKercher, 
as the organ of a new political party. 

April 5. Paul Hochstrasser resigned the office of clerk 
of the common council, and John W. Hyde was appointed. 

The finance committee, consisting of Messrs. Corning, 
Hart, Seymour, Fowler, and Wasson, reported that the 
business of the chamberlain's office had increased in the 
item of receipts and expenditures in the last nine years 
$265,864*77. In 1820 they were $54,923; in 1829 they 
were $320,788'33. They proposed some changes in the 
mode of managing the city business, and to increase the 
salary of the chamberlain from $600 to $750; and that 
of the clerk of the board from $350 to $450. 

April 10. Gertrude Abel, wife of Ryer Schermerhorn, 
died, aged 43. 

April 13. Daniel McGlashan died, aged 39. He was 
alderman of the second ward, overseer of the poor, and 
one of the justices of the peace, and enjoyed the reputa- 
tion of an honorable and upright citizen. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Taylor, died, aged 24. 

April 15. Roswell Steele and George Warren formed a 
copartnership in the hardware business. 

April 16. George R. Hendrickson died, aged 29. 

Anna, wife of Abraham Gould, died, aged 26. 

April 20. The legislature adjourned, having passed 300 
laws. 

The first canal boats left for the west. 






Notes from the Newspapers. 207 

Sarah Wendell died, aged 59. 

Calvin Edson exhibited himself as the living skeleton. 
He was 42 years old, five feet two inches in stature, and 
weighed 60 Ibs. 

April 21. The Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank declared 
a dividend of fifty per cent upon its capital stock. 

Margaretta, wife of Kilian K. Van Rensselaer, died, 
aged 66. 

April 22. An explosion took place on board the Chief 
Justice Marshall on her upward trip, near Newburgh, by 
which several persons were badly injured, of which num- 
ber six died. 

April 23. John Cassidy, alderman of the second ward, 
died, aged 46. He had held the office of alderman several 
years, was actively interested in all measures intended 
to advance the prosperity of the city, and greatly respected 
for his benevolence and humanity. 

By a law of the legislature, the Capitol was placed in 
the hands of trustees, who appointed Henry Weaver su- 
perintendent. 

Joshua De Graff died, aged 48. 

John Y. Staats was buried from the house of his brother 
W. W. Staats, 195 North Market street. 

April 24. Capt. John Leake died, aged 82. 

The steam boat Victory was withdrawn from the Hud- 
son river, and ran on the East river between New York 
and Hartford. The fare on that route had been $5; the 
Victory ran for $3 ; whereupon the old boats came down 
to $1'50. 

May 3. At a meeting of the common council Garret 
Gates reported in favor of changing the name of Capitol 
street to Park street. 

May 4. An election was held for town officers. The 
Workingmen's ticket succeeded in all but the first ward. 
In the third and fifth wards there was no opposition to 
their candidates, and in the second and fourth every inch 
was contested. It was about this time that Mr. Cros- 
well of the Argus claimed that, as goes the fourth ward 
so goes the state. The antimasons polled 25 ballots in 



208 Notes from the Newspapers. 

the first ward, 21 in the second, and 44 in the fourth; 
in all 90. They had no ticket in the other wards. 
The following vote was cast : 

WOKKINGMEN. DEMOCRATS. 

First Ward. 

Supervisor, John Taylor, 187 Barent P. Staats, 279 

Assessor. Green Hall, 485 No opposition. 

Second Ward. 

Supervisor, Josiah Winants, .... 260 Wm. Seymour, 245 

Assessor. I. L. Judson, 273 James D. Wasson, 236 

Third Ward. 

Supervisor, N. Bleecker, 104 

Assessor, H. V. Hart, 105 

Fourth Ward. 

Supervisor, S. S. Fowler, 303 Joseph Alexander, 226 

Assessor, Robert Boyd, 283 Philip Hooker, . 253 

Fifth Ward. 

Supervisor, J. N. Quackenbush, . 8] 
Assessor, Benjamin Wilson,. ... 84 

May 8 and 9. There was frost at night, and the days 
were unusually cold for May. 

May 9. Maria A. Winne, wife of Dr. Barent P. Staats, 
died, aged 26. 

May 11. Peter Brooks died, aged 54. 

May 12. Israel Williams advertised that he had re- 
moved from Washington county, and opened an office at 
388 Broadway, a few doors north of the City Hotel. 

Louisa Maria, wife of Silas B. Howe, died, aged 23. 

May 18. An election took place in the second ward for 
two aldermen to fill the places of Messrs. Cassidy and 
McGlashan, deceased, and of assistant alderman in place 
of William Seymour, who had resigned in order to be a 
candidate for alderman. The result was as follows: 

WORKINGMEN. DEMOCRATS. 

Aldermen, John Lossing, 344 Wrn. Seymour, 360 

Abra'm Covert, 352 Seth Hastings, 357 

Assistant, Jacob Downing, 332 Oliver G. De Graff, 368 

May 19. Ann, wife of Sybrant Kittle, died, aged 52. 

May 20. The Fourth Presbyterian church was dedi- 
cated ; the Rev. Mr. Beman of Troy delivering thejser- 
mon. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 209 

There were both frost and ice in the vicinity of the 
city on this night. 

May 21. The New Philadelphia, Capt. Seymour, arrived 
from New York in 1 Oh. 53m. 

Jane, wife of Millington Lockwood, died, aged 45. 

May 24. Israel Smith, president of the Fourth Pres- 
byterian church, sent a communication to the common 
council declining a lot which had been appropriated to 
that society for a burial ground. 

The land committee appropriated a lot of ground to 
the Second Methodist Episcopal church, bounded by Hud- 
son, Snipe and Lancaster streets on three sides, and by 
the burial ground of the Reformed Presbyterian church 
on the west. 

May 29. The banks depreciated the value of pistareens, 
which were worth 20 cents to 16 cents ; the coin having 
become worn. 

June 1. Mrs. Gertrude Vandenburgh died, aged 73. 

June 2. Margaret, wife of Nathan Manson, died, aged 
16. 

June 4. Jacob I. Lansing died, aged 77. 

June 4. Frederick Matthews, of the firm of A. W. 
Kingsley & Co., died, aged 38. 

June 5. Eleanor, wife of John 0. Cole, died aged 37. 

The northern stage made the trip from Whitehall to 
Albany, 81 miles, in 8h. 30m., the speediest passage 
ever made by stage. 

June 7. The First Presbyterian church gave a unani- 
mous call to the Rev. John N. Campbell, of Washington 
city, to become its pastor, with a salary of $1600 per 
annum. 

Janetje Cook died in Bethlehem, aged 105. She resided 
at Saratoga when that settlement was burnt by the In- 
dians. Her husband Adam Cook, with whom she had 
lived upwards of seventy years, died about ten years be- 
fore her, aged 96. 

June 8. Miranda, wife of John C. Deming, died, aged 
38. 

Mrs. Margaret Welch died, aged 59. 



210 Notes from the Newspapers. 

FOURTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

Among the improvements recently made in the city, is 
the Fourth Presbyterian church, just finished in the fifth 
ward. This building is situated in the centre of a hand- 
some open area, extending from North Market to Orchard 
street, between Patroon and Wilson streets. The grounds 
about the church are tastefully laid out in paved and 
graveled walks and parterres. The edifice is substantially 
built with stone and brick, marbleized, and designed in 
the most simple style of Grecian architecture ; dimen- 
sions 90 by 60 feet, having a tower in which is a belfrey 
surmounted by a dome and small turret a high base- 
ment, which contains a lecture room and two capacious 
school rooms the body of the church is lighted by one 
tier of oblong windows ; the ceiling a cylindric paneled 
arch, being a small segment of a large circle ; a gallery 
on three sides; the nave divided by three aisles, the 
whole seated in a neat modern style. The chancel is 
enclosed with bold paneled work, screening the stairs to 
the pulpit, which rises in the centre in the form of an 
altar, in the same bold style, producing a pleasing and 
fine effect. The principal entrance is from North Market 
street, by a glacis and flight of stone steps thirty feet in 
length, terminated at each end by solid stone blocks or 
socles, supporting the lamp piers, which are of heavy 
ornamental iron work. What renders this building par- 
ticularly interesting, is the novelty and simplicity of the 
design, which was founded on economy, and which has 
rendered it, and perhaps justly, the subject of criticism. 
The small windows over the entrances were not in the 
original design ; blank recesses would have supplied their 
places with better effect. The original design was made 
by Philip Hooker. The congregation is under the pas- 
toral care of Rev. Edward N. Kirk. 

The North Dutch church was enclosed by an iron rail- 
ing, a new fabric in this city. 

June 10. The house of John Townsend was robbed of 
its silver plate. The robber was soon after arrested 
and the plate recovered. 




FOURTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 213 

An ox weighing 4000 pounds was exhibited in the city, 
supposed to have been the largest ever seen in this country. 

June 13. George Vernon, formerly manager of the 
Theatre, died at Woodstock farm, near Albany, aged 33. 
Besides his talent as a comedian, he was also eminent in 
scientific, particularly in architectural, knowledge. 

Julia Radcliffe Cantine died, daughter of the late Moses 
Cantine. 

June 15. Elizabeth, wife of Moses Kenyon, died, aged 
47. Mrs. Abigail Adams died, aged 70. 

June 30. Nicholas F. Beck, adjutant-general of the 
state, died, aged 34. 

July 5. Solomon Southwick advertised a course of 
lectures on the importance and utility of studying the 
scriptures, in a scientific and intellectual as well as moral 
and spiritual point of view, to be delivered in the North 
Pearl street Methodist Episcopal church. 

The anniversary of independence was celebrated on 
this day. William Parmelee delivered the oration, 

July 7. Joseph Robinson died, aged 70. 

July 10. Mrs. Isabella Orr died, aged 84. 

July 15. Abiel Bugby died, aged 42. 

July 24. John Reynolds died. 

July 29. The ceremony of breaking ground for the 
Albany and Schenectady rail road took place near the 
city of Schenectady. 

The report of the marshal upon the census of the city 
was as follows: 

White males, 11,533 

White females, 11,632 

Colored males, 421 

Colored females, 630 

Of these 3199 were aliens. 24,216 

The city was divided into iive wards, as it had been 
for many years. The population of the Colonie, forming 
the fifth ward, was included in the census of 1810 for the 
first time. The following is the census of the city at 
five different periods : 

[Annals, ix.] 19 






214 Notes from the Newspapers. 

1790 3,506 1820 12,241 

1800 5,349 1825 15,974 

1810 10,762 

In 1790 the white population was less than 3000. 
Aug. 14. George Merchant died, aged 73. His father, 
a native of Stuttgard in Germany, came to America in 
1745,* and settled at Princeton, N. J., where his son 
George, the youngest of eleven children, was born in 
1757. He received a liberal education at Princeton col- 
lege, under the celebrated Dr. Witherspoon, and was 
graduated in 1779. He was a classmate of President 
Madison, and his attainments were so great, that he was 
placed immediately in charge of the Princeton academy. 
During the time he pursued his studies at Princeton, the 
British invasion disturbed that seat of science, and roused 
in the bosom of young Merchant, those strong and patri- 
otic emotions against tyranny and usurpation which in 
after life maintained their force and intensity in his bo- 
som. The students were for some time under military 
discipline, and he took the lead of the youthful band. In 
the spring of 1780, the mayor and common council gave 
him an invitation to take charge of a grammar school or 
academy then about to be established here, which he ac- 
cepted, and continued in the discharge of that office for 
about two years, when he returned to Princeton. In 
1786 he received a second invitation to take charge of 
an academy in this city, which he accepted, and resided 

* George Merchant was an energetic, self-made man, of great in- 
fluence in Albany. His real name was Koopman (or Kaufman), 
equivalent to Chapman or Merchant in English. Either he, or his 
father anglicized the name. His school, or Academy, was at one time 
kept next door south of the Vanderheyden house in North Pearl street. 
He, himself, lived in State street near the present Geological Hall. 
Some years after Gen. Ten Broeck's death, he purchased his mansion 
and grounds (now the residence of Thomas W. Olcott) which had long 
lain waste, for a mere song, and he resided and (I believe) died there. 
His sons were remarkable for both their mental and physical activity, 
particularly the latter, but did not succeed in life as well as their fa- 
ther. One of them was an engraver and published a map of the city 
of Albany. A grand-daughter, of fine musical ability, is now (1858) 
the organist of the North Dutch Church. P. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 215 

here from that time until his decease. Under his care 
were educated a number of young men who afterwards 
became the leading and most distinguished characters of 
the city. He held several offices during this time, among 
which were those of alderman, police justice, county 
clerk, lottery manager, commissioner of bankruptcy, and 
during the war of 1812, paymaster of the United States 
army. The latter office was conferred upon him without 
solicitation, on account of his well known attachment 
and devotion to the interests and honor of the country at 
that trying period. For many years he was a warden of St. 
Peter's church. His unaffected piety and exemplary 
morals, united with a high sense of honor and gentle- 
manly deportment, secured him the regard and esteem of 
all who knew him. 

Aug. 17. The firm of Kirk and Mitchell was dissolved, 
Andrew Kirk retiring, and William Mitchell continuing 
the business. 

Auc. 21. Ann, widow of Alexander Clark, died, aged 
78. She was a native of Scotland, but had resided in 
Albany more than half a century. 

Aug. 23. Cornelius McKelvey died, aged 44. 
The population of Troy in 

1810 was 3,895 1825.... 7,879 

1820 5,066 1830.... 11,405 

The treasurer of the New York State Colonization 
Society acknowledged the receipt of the following dona- 
tions from the collections made in the churches of Albany: 
Second Reformed Dutch church, Mr. Ferris, $5T59 
Second Presbyterian church, Dr. Sprague, 91*80 
Third Presbyterian church, Mr. Williams, 20*00 
Fourth Presbyterian church, Mr. Kirk, 35'00 

Second Methodist church, Mr. Matthias, 4 -00 

Aug. 29. The new Catholic church, corner of Chapel 
and Pine streets was opened for divine service, and a 
collection taken up. 

Aug. 29. Samuel Wilson, of the firm of James Wilson 
& Sons, died at Schodack. 

Aug. 31. Samuel Starr died, aged 65. 



216 Notes from the Newspapers. 

The chamberlain reported to the common council that 
the receipts of the south ferry were $942'68 for the month 
of August, and the expenditures $505*25; leaving an in- 
come of $437*43 for the month. 

Sept. 3. Mary, wife of Thomas Roorback, died, aged 28. 

Mary, widow of Henry C. South wick, died in New 
York. She was a daughter of Capt. Isaac Wool. 

Sept. 4. The pattern shop of Francis Low, in the rear 
of the theatre, was partially destroyed by fire. 

A writer in the Daily Advertiser recommended the 
.purchase of a clock for the Second Dutch church ; although 
there were two public clocks, one in St. Peter's and one 
an the North Dutch church, it was complained that they 
were almost useless to the business and laboring part of 
-community, from the circumstance of their not being heard 
throughout the city. 

While St. Mary's church was being demolished and 

' >rebuilt, the services of the congregation were held in the 

Lancaster school house. When they returned to their 

snew church, on the 8th of September, the trustees passed 

the following resolution: 

Resolved, That we entertain, in common with the en- 
tire congregation, a deep sense of the obligation which 
*we are under to the trustees of the Lancaster school, for 
'the liberality they have shown in granting the use of their 
school room to the Catholics of Albany, while their 
church was erecting, and that they deserve our warm and 
sincere thanks. 

The resolution was communicated to the board of 
trustees of the school, with the accompanying note: 

To the President of the Board of Trustees of the Lan- 
caster School. 

Sir: At a meeting of the board of trustees of St. Mary's 
church, held on the evening of the 8th instant, we were 
appointed a committee to convey to you a copy of a reso- 
lution unanimously passed by them, expressive of their 
gratitude for the favor conferred on the Catholics of 
Albany, by the trustees of the Lancaster school, in 
affording them an opportunity of continuing their reli- 




ST. MARY'S CHURCH, 

Corner of Chapel and Pine Streets, erected 1831. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 217 

gious exercises. Such acts of courtesy and liberality are 
duly estimated by the Catholics, for they characterize, in 
an especial manner, the lovers of pure religion, and can 
not fail ultimately to promote the sound principles of 
civil and religious liberty. PETER M. MORANGB, 

Sept. 10, 1830. WM. MCDONNELL. 

Sept. 8. Seymour Tracy died, aged 46. 

Wm. H. Guest died, aged 22. 

Sept. 12. John C. Johnson died, aged 27. 

Sept. 14. Joseph D. Shiffer died, aged 35. 

Mrs. Hannah Sheldon died, aged 67. 

The stock of the rail road in process of construction 
between Albany and Schenectady, was 10 per cent above 
par. The editor of the Daily Advertiser, in the excite- 
ment of the moment', boldly predicted the speedy arrival 
of the time when trains would traverse the track to 
Schenectady in three quarters of an hour, and reach 
Utica in four hours! The stages had by the utmost ex- 
ertion performed the distance in 12 hours. 

Sept. 26. Edward A. Le Breton died at Detroit, aged 
55 ; formerly of Albany, where he had a brewery. 

Sept. 28. The Charter election took place with the 
following results : 

WORKINGMEN. DEMOCRATS. 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Ralph Pratt, 461 Erastus Corning, 386 

Willard Walker, ... 439 John Keyes Page, 337 

Assistants. Francis Low, 478 Artemas Fish, 344 

Jas. W. Robinson, . . 464 Homer R. Phelps, 331 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. John Lossing, 334 William Seymour, 350 

John Boardman, .... 334 Seth Hastings, 342 

Assistants. Josiah Winants, 328 James D. Wasson, 342 

Jotham Hancock,. . . 326 P. G. DeGraff, 348 

Third Ward. 

Aldermen. Gerrit Gates, 117 In this ward all the candid- 

G. Y. Lansing, 139 ates were of the Workingmen's 

E. W Skinner, .... 123 party, and the divisions were 
Thos. Russell, 69 of a local character. Mr. Rus- 

jlssistants. Arnold Nelson. 227 sell declined to be a candidate, 

James Campbell, jr. Ill and urged his friends not to 
H. G. Wynkoop. . . . 118 vote for him. 



218 Notes from the Newspapers. 

WOKKINGMEN. DEMOCRATS. 

Fourth Ward. 

Aldermen. S. S. Fowler, 339 James Maher, 367 

S. T. Rice, 362 Lemuel Steele, 381 

Assistants. Henry Rector, 361 Ebenezer Murdock, 357 

James Robison,.... 390 Daniel P. Marshall, 329 

Fifth Ward. 

Aldermen. James Gibbons, Jr., 276 J. N. Quackenbush, 174 

S. V. Rensselaer, jr. 263 John L. Winne, 139 

Assistants. J. Van Ness, jr 411 

Daniel Carmichael,. 249 H. A. Fay, 168 

Nathaniel P. Willis, seated in an upper story of Titus's 
Hotel in Troy, had a glimpse of "Albany, looking so 
well in the distance," he said, " that you half forgive it 
for its hogs, offals, broken pavements, and the score of 
other nuisances more Dutch than decent." Mr. Willis 
was reprimanded by the editor of the Daily Advertiser 
at this return for certain hospitalities he had received 
here, and it is believed that he made some apology for it. 

Sept. 28. Alexander McGlashan died, aged 67, and was 
buried on the 29th from the house of Paul Clark, corner 
Lydius and Lark streets. 

Oct. 1. The steam boat Ohio, arrived at her dock at 2 
minutes before 3 o'clock, having made her trip in 9h. 
58m., and performed the most rapid sailing on record in 
the world. 

Oct. 2. Philip Fetherly, Jr. died, aged 46. 

Oct. 8. Capt. Richard Dusenbury died, aged 71. 

Oct. 9. Christopher Dunn died, aged 67, famous as the 
keeper of Dunn's City Coffee House, corner of Green and 
Beaver streets. Green street at this time was much 
narrower than at present, and thronged with stages. 
When the street was widened, the old Tavern was cut 
through its centre. 

Oct. 11. The common council passed a law for exca- 
vating, pitching and paving Lodge street, from Maiden 
Lane to Pine street. 

Oct. 12. Samuel Hascy died, aged 53. 

Oct. 16. Henry H. Hampton died, aged 23. 

Oct. 21. Joseph W. Clark died, aged 29. 

John C. Porter, son of Giles W. Porter, died in Wilkin- 



Notes from the Newspapers. 219 

son county, Mississippi, aged 23. He commenced his 
education at the Albany Academy, where he distinguished 
himself by his acquirements; and completed his studies 
at the Episcopal General Theological Seminary, and 
received deacon's orders about two years ago. He shortly 
after went to the south, and officiated first at the Episco- 
pal church at Woodville, and afterwards became rector 
of Trinity church at Natchez. He was actively engaged 
in the service of the church at the time of his death. 

Oct. 22. Sarah Ten Eyck, wife of John Trotter, and 
daughter of the late Dr Elias Willard, died, aged 41. 

Oct. 25. P. V. Shankland was appointed clerk of the 
common council, in place of John W. Hyde, removed. 

Oct. 30. Wm. S. Handel died at Paris Hill, Oneida 
county, aged 38. 

The city expenditures for the year ending Oct. 12, were 
$174,442-93* ; the receipts were $165,546*02. 

Nov. 1. Sarah, wife of John W. Winne, died, aged 24. 

The grand Jury, viewing the increase of crime, recom- 
mended the erection of a work house. 

Nov. 3. The election resulted in the success of the 
democratic ticket. There were two other parties in the 
field, namely, the national republicans and the anti- 
masons, which were a little mixed up with the working 
men's party. 

DEMOCRATIC. ANTIMASONIC. 

Governor. Enos T. Throcp, . . .. J667 Francis Granger, 1420 

Lt. Gov. Edw. P. Livingston, 1656 Samuel Stevens, 1451 

Senator. Her. I.Quackenboss, 1568 Jabez D. Hammond, ... 1662 

Assembly. Peter Gansevoort, . . 1742 Ehsha Dorr, 1586 

Congress. G.Y.Lansing,.... 1585 

Nov. 9. Nancy Grant died, aged 29. 

Nov. 10. Maria Hagadorn died, aged 25. 

Nov. 15. Elisha Hosford, formerly of the firm of E. & 
E. Hosford, printers and booksellers, died at Hartford, 
Conn., aged 50. 

Nov. 17. The citizens having undertaken to collect 
money by subscription for the purpose of gilding the 
dome of the new City Hall, a meeting was held on this 
day, to hear the reports of the committees, wh ich was as 
follows : 






220 Notes from the Newspapers. 

First ward $73'50 

Second ward 16T75 

Third ward 120-75 

Fourth ward 9825 

Fifth ward, no report 

The committees obtained further time to collect, and 
the subscriptions having been limited at $2 each, they 
were authorized to receive whatever sums should be 
offered, to makeup the amount supposed to be necessary. 
Nov. 22. A meeting of the printers was held at Bement's 
Recess. Charles R. Webster Chairman, Edwin Croswell 
and John B. Van Steenburgh, assistants, and Thomas S. 
Ranney and John Visscher secretaries. It was resolved 
to send delegates to the celebration in New York of the 
recent French revolution, which arose from the abolition 
of the liberty of the press. 

The common council resolved to raise by tax $4000 
for lighting and repairing lamps, $6000 for night watch, 
$8500 for contingencies; and $8000 on account of the 
city debt; total $26,500. 

A side walk was ordered to be made on the south side 
of Lydius street from Pearl to Hallenbake street. This 
portion of Lydius street was often impassable by reason 
of the gullies that were made by rains. 

The finance committee were authorized to let the old 
Court House for such rent and length of time as the 
interest of the city should seem to require. 

Nov. 9. Ann, wife of John Gansevoort, died in Water- 
vliet; daughter of John C. Cuyler. 

Dec. The marshals having completed their canvass of 
the city reported the following as the population of the 
wards. 

Firstward,.. 6855 

Second ward, 6266 

Third ward, 2011 

Fourth ward, 5878 

Fifth ward, 3206 

24,216. 
The increase in five years was 8245. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 221 

The population of the whole county was 53,537, being 
an increase of 10,716 since 1825. 

Dec. 2. Eliza, wife of Nathaniel Paul, died at St. 
Thomas, Canada ; formerly of this city. 

Dec. 9. Thanksgiving day was observed agreeably to 
the memorable proclamation of Governor Throop, com- 
mencing " Whereas the wisdom of man is but a small 
light, shining around his footsteps, showing the things 
that are near, while all beyond is shrouded in darkness." 

Gen. Matthew Trotter died. He was an officer of the 
revolution, and was with Gen. Gansevoort and Col. 
Willett at Fort Stanwix. He was afterwards aid to 
Lord Stirling. At the close of the war he entered upon 
mercantile business, and was for some years captain of 
a sloop which ran between Albany and New York. He 
held several municipal offices, and commissions in the 
militia, and throughout his long life commanded the re- 
spect and esteem of his fellow citizens. 

Mrs. Sarah Sands, formerly of Albany, died at Johns- 
town, aged 38. 

Dec. 13. Mrs. Sarah Van Zandt died, aged 84. 

The level of Eagle street from Beaver to Lydius street 
was established. 

An apportionment for pitching, paving and flagging 
Orchard street, from Patroon street north, was confirmed. 

Dec. 16. John Le Breton died, aged 28. He was one 
of the most active men engaged in the erection of St. 
Paul's church in Ferry street, and junior member of the 
firm of Mancius & Le Breton. 

Dec. 18. David Williams, the surviving captor of 
Andre attended the Theatre under the escort of Capt. 
Watson's artillery company, where he spoke a narrative 
of the particulars of the event in which he so highly 
distinguished himself, and was received with much 
applause by a large audience. 

Dec. 22. The river was closed by ice, and the steam 
boats did not get above the city of Hudson, and no mails 
were received from New York. 

Ann Eliza, wife of John Groesbeck, died, aged 30. 



222 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Dec. 25. Donald Rose died, aged 60. 
Dec. 29. The common council made the following 
appointments. 

John 0. Cole and Wm. Stilwell, police justices. 
John E. Lovett, city attorney. 
Philip Hooker, city surveyor. 
Alden March, city physician. 

On balloting for mayor Frajicis Bloodgood received 12 
and John Townsend 9 votes. 

Dec. 30. Catharine widow of Gen, Peter Gansevoort, 
died, aged 79. 

The steam boats arrived from New York again. 
Dec. 31. The Museum was removed from the old City 
Hall, corner of South Market and Hudson streets, to the 
new marble building of Messrs, Thorpe & Sprague, corner 
of State and North Market streets, and made ready for 
opening on the 1st January. 

1831. 

Jan. Notices were given of applications to the legisla- 
ture for the construction of a bridge over the Hudson at 
Albany; to incorporate a medical college and hospital. 

Jan. 1. The new mayor, Francis Bloodgood, was sworn 
into office; and signalized the event by liberating all the 
debtors confined in the jail by paying their debts. 

The rains had swollen the streams to such an extent 
that the water was two feet above the pier and docks. 

Jan. 2. A sermon was preached in the Second Dutch 
Church by Rev. J. N. Campbell, and a collection taken 
for the Infant School society, which amounted to $180*80. 

Jan. 9. Elizabeth, widow of Abraham Ellison, formerly 
a bookseller in this city, died, aged 79. She is character- 
ized in an obituary notice as " one of the best women 
that ever lived." 

Jan. 10. No steam boat arrived from New York. The 
Commerce left her dock for that port, and succeeded with 
difficulty in working a passage through the accumulating 
ice, which reached to Hyde Park, in 13 hours, and arrived 
at her dock on the afternoon of the llth. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



223 



Jan. 11. Garret Evertsen died, aged 29. 

Jan. 15. Mary Clark died, aged 35. 

Jan. 21. Thermometer 10 below zero. 

"William Brower died, aged 68. 

Delia B., wife of E. C. Mclntosh, died. 

N. R. Packard, superintendent of the alms house, in 
answer to some complaints of the expense of that estab- 
lishment, published the following table: 



Years. 


Total Expenses. 


Number 
Admitted. 


Average. 


Average week- 
iy expenses per 
individual. 


1824 
1825 
1826 


4027-45 
4449-83 
5345-48 


233 
174 
261 


102 
94 
123 


77-0 
91-0 
81-5 


13822-76 


668 


107 


83-1 


1827 

1828 
1829 


5214-82 
6119-72 
6599-79 


368 

285 
420 


163 
155 

205 


61-5 
75-2 
61-4 


17934-33 


1073 


174 


66-1 



Jan. 28. Janet Shields died, aged 29. 

A soup house was opened in the basement of the City 
Hall, and more than 400 persons were supplied on this 
and the following day. It was the first experiment of 
the kind for the relief of the poor at an inclement season. 

Jan. 30. Hannah, widow of Thomas Douglass, died, 
aged 70. 

Jan. 30. Dr. Charles D. Cooper died, aged 61. 

Feb. 1. William L. Marcy resigned his office of judge 
of the Supreme court, and was elected by the legislature 
United States senator for six years. 

Abraham Keyser was elected state treasurer. 

Feb. 7. The common council authorized the chamber- 
lain to license four chimney sweepers. 

Proposals were received for excavating Patroon street. 

Feb. 10. John B. Robinson died, aged 25. 



224 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Feb. 11. Elizabeth, wife of Stephen J. Rider, died, aged 
42. 

Feb. 12. A partial eclipse of the sun took place, which 
had created great expectations with many. 

Feb. 14. Anna, wife of George Loomis, died, aged 80. 

Feb. 21. The common council passed a law to excavate 
and pave Lydius street from Pearl street west. 

Feb. 23. George W. Hurst died at Elmira, aged 35. 

Feb. 28. Benjamin F. Russell died, aged 23. 

There were during the year ending with this month 
but two fires, and seven alarms; " which is perhaps unpre- 
cedented in the annals of any other city of the same 
amount of population." 

March. 2. Clarissa, wife of Charles B. Dean, died, aged 
46. 

March, 3. The copartnership of Seneca Mabbett & Co. 
(Lewis Woodburn) was dissolved. 

The dwelling house of Gen. John H. Wendell, in North 
Market street, about 32 feet front and rear, and running 
back 84 feet to Middle lane, was sold for $7000. It was 
one of the gable enders, and the old general himself 
adhered to the ancient burger costume till his death. 

March. 7. Wm. James, B. P. Staats and others 
petitioned the common council to widen Green street 
between State and Beaver streets. Remonstrances were 
made by Margaret Cooper and Ann Dole. 

Mr. Seymour, from a select committee on schools, 
reported, recommending that lots be set apart whereon 
to build school houses, and in favor of levying a taxfor 
school purposes. It was reported that 1694 scholars had 
been instructed in the district schools since the 1st June 
last. 

A resolution offered by Barnum Whipple in July, 1830, 
was called up by James Maher, and passed, as follows: 

Resolved, That the chamberlain advertise a reward of 
$500 to be paid to any person who shall discover a coal 
mine of a good quality and quantity sufficient to supply 
this city, within five miles of any of the navigable waters 
of the Hudson north of Poughkeepsie. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 225 

An effort was made to have Pine street opened from 
Chapel street to North Market. The expense was 
estimated by one at $45,000, by another at $60,000. By 
some it was denounced as a useless project, "equaled 
only by the opening of Clinton square, which had had a 
tendency to reduce rents in that quarter, and had become 
a monument of the stupidity of its originators." 

March 10. The common council resolved to widen 
Green street by taking a certain number of feet from the 
east side. 

It was also resolved to raise money by tax for the 
support of schools. 

March 11. Hannah, wife of Rev. Wm. B. Lacey, died, 
aged 38. 

March 14. Mrs. Mary Wendell died, aged 78. 

March 17. The Swiftsure and Constitution, the first 
boats of the season, arrived from New York. 

Rutger Bleecker died. 

March 24. The corporation passed a resolution to 
widen Green street from State to Division streets. 

March 25. A fire destroyed the tin shop of Wm. Austin, 
near the corner of Hudson and South Market streets. 

March 28. A meeting of citizens was held at the 
Capitol to discuss the project of a branch rail road from 
the main road down Washington street. Harmanus 
Bleecker introduced a resolution to that effect. John la. 
Wendell, in behalf of the turnpikes interested, also ad- 
dressed the meeting, and was voted down. 

Paul Clark, owner of the well known tavern, still 
called Paul Clark's corner, died after an illness of more 
than 18 months, aged 67. 

March 30. George Webster died, aged 55. 

April 1. Jonah Scovel died, aged 81, a soldier of the 
revolution. Rejoined the regiment of Col. Lattimore, who 
raised a company of patriotic yeomanry in the state of Con- 
necticut and marched them to Stillwater. In the battle 
of Saratoga he received two balls in his side, which he 
carried to his grave. 

[Annals, ix.] 20 



226 Notes from the Newspapers. 

April 4. David E. Gregory retired from the firm of 
Gregory & Bain, and Peter Bain continued the business 
with the two sons of his late partner, William M. and 
Stephen B. Gregory. 

April 4. The common council granted two acres of 
Washington square, on the north end, to the purposes of 
an orphan asylum, requiring that the directors should 
remove the Powder house. 

April 5. A fire in Washington street destroyed several 
buildings above Hawk street. 

The governor nominated Anthony Blanchard to the 
senate as surrogate of Albany in place of T. A. Bridgen, 
resigned. 

April 7. The water was 2 feet deep on the pier and 
dock. 

April 9. The military, officers, subalterns and privates, 
assembled at Crosby's hotel, corner of Beaver and South 
Pearl streets, in large numbers, to express their disap- 
probation of the use of any part of Washington square 
for any other purpose than a military parade ground, to 
which it was set apart. They passed a column of reso- 
lutions, and appointed a committee of thirty-seven to 
move the town to rise against the project. They suc- 
ceeded. 

April 14. Elizabeth S., wife of Walter R. Morris, died. 
She was the youngest daughter of Dr. Elias Willard. 

Jacob R. Griffen died, aged 72. 

April 16. Patrick Hector, formerly of Albany, died in 
Troy, aged 60. 

April 18. Myndert Winne died, aged 25. 

April 26. A. M. Strong advertised fancy and staple 
dry goods at the old stand of James Clark, whom he suc- 
ceeded, corner of State and South Market streets. 

The legislature adjourned after a session of sixteen 
weeks. Thev passed an act to abolish imprisonment for 
debt. 

April 29. Patrick, son of Paul Clark, died, aged 33. 

May 1. Elizabeth, widow of John McKenney, died, 
aged 80. 



Not e8 from the Newspapers. 227 

May 3. The election for town officers resulted as fol- 
lows: The National Republicans and Workingmen voted 
as one party, against the Democrats, who were styled 
the Regency. 

DEMOCRATS. REPUBLICANS. 

First Ward. 

Supervitor. Barent P. Staats,. . . 333 John Taylor, 10 

Assessor... No opposition. Green Hall, 52 T 

Second Ward. 

Supervisor. Wm. Seymour, .... 345 Josiah Winants, 16?. 

Assessor... James D. Wasson,. . 339 I. L. Judson 1C6 

Third Ward. 

Supervisor. No opposition. Nicholas Bleecker, 231 

Assessor ... do. Herman V. Hart, 217 

Fourth Ward. 

Supervisor. Lemuel Steele 323 Frederick Porter, 184 

Assessor. . . B. Van Benthu-'sen, 295 Philip Hooker, 200 

The Antimasons supported a ticket of their own in this ward, and 
their candidates received about 50 votes. 

Fifth Ward. 

Supervisor. J. N. Quackenbush, . 89 Robert Shepard, 132 

Assessor. . . No opposition. Benjamin Wilson, 218 

May 4. Margery, wife of Donald McLeod, died, aged 
80. 

May 9. Catharine Louisa, daughter of Isaac Hamilton, 
died, aged 22. 

May 10. Isaac J. Fryer died, aged 64. 

May J2. A fire destroyed the fur shop of Packer, 
Prentice & Co. on the Pier, occasioning a loss of over 
$12,000, of which $10,000 was insured. 

May 16. James Radcliffdied, aged 72. 

May 19. At a sale of stocks by the comptroller, the 
stocl^ of the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank sold at 
$141 J. At the same time United States Bank stock, the 
highest sold in the New York market, brought $128|. 

May 23. Mary, wife of Gen. Anthony Lamb, died in 
New York, aged 56 ; formerly of Albany. 

The board of directors of the Albany and Schenectady 
turnpike took all the incipient measures for the con- 
struction of a rail road from Albany to Schenectady on 
the site of their turnpike road. 



228 Notes from the Newspapers. 

May 29. John Teazey died, aged 77. He was a native 
of Hanover, and came to this country with the British 
^army, in the time of the revolution. He remained in 
this city after the close of the war, following the trade 
of a tobacconist, and was for some time the sexton of the 
Lutheran church. 

...iay 29. Gerrit G. Lansing died at Oriskany, aged 70. 
He was born in Albany, in 1761, and while a youth en- 
tered the revolutionary army at its commencement. At 
Yorktown, under Col. Hamilton, he led the forlorn hope 
as lieutenant. He went to Oriskany in 1802, then in- 
'habited by the Indians. He was a brother of Chancellor 
'Lansing; and in the various offices which he held, civil 
.and military, distinguished himself by his ability and 
.patriotism. 

May 30. The steam boat Constellation, Capt. Robert 
'G. Cruttenden, made her first appearance this season, 
enlarged, refitted and with a new engine. This boat had 
:never lost a trip nor the life of a hand or passenger : 
during the seven years she had plied the river. The fol- 
lowing statement was given of the number of her trips 
.and the passengers she had carried: 

1825 92 trips 1 1,633 passengers 

1826 230 " 31,919 

1827 196 " 27,020 

1828 198 " 32,381 

1829 210 " 35,221 

1830 236 " 33,736 

1162 171,910-av'ge, 148 

June 1. John W. Ryan, an old citizen, was drawned 
in the Norman's kill. 

June 6. Gerrit Van Schoonhoven died, aged 29. 

June 7. A fire broke out in a house adjoining the fur- 
nace in Beaver street. 

Augustine P. Beers, youngest son of William P. Beers, 
late of this city, died at Fairfield, Conn., aged 28. He 
was a young gentleman of great merit, .acting as a sur- 
geon in the United States navy. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 229 

Wm. Landon announced that he had taken the estab- 
lishment formerly known as Park Place House, and kept 
for many years by L. Cruttenden. It had 40 rooms, and 
was called Congress Hall. 

June 12. Gertrude, wife of O.Lovell, died, aged 27. 

June 18. Ann, wife of Andrew Williams, died at Wor- 
cester, Otsego County, aged 27. 

June 23. James Visscher died, aged 29. 

June 24. A fire took in the carpenter's shop of Mr. 
Van Zandt, corner of South Pearl and Hudson streets. 

The steam ferry boat which had been procured for the 
south ferry by the urgent advocacy of John Townsend, 
made J80 crossings on this day, ferrying 344 teams, 8 
stages and 14 horses. 

June 26. Margaret N. Quackenbush died. 

June 27. The Reformed Presbyterian Church applied 
to the common council for permission to circulate a 
subscription paper to raise funds to build a new house of 
worship in Westerlo street, the sale of the old church not 
being sufficient for the purpose. Granted for 90 days. 

John H. Wendell and William B. Winne petitioned 
that the name of North High street might be changed to 
Ten Broeck street, in memory of the late Gen. Abraham 
Ten Broeck. 

A law passed to pitch Hallenbake street from Beaver 
to Lydius street. 

June 28. John Robison Townsend died, aged 27. 

June 29. Philip S. Parker died, aged 55; late city 
recorder. 

July 2. Ann widow of Thomas Barry died, aged 93. 
She arrived in this country with her husband more than 
sixty years previous to her death. He became an 
eminent merchant, and resided here until his decease, 
except a few years during the revolutinary war when he 
removed his family to Philadelphia. Mrs. Barry is repre- 
sented to have been "fair and beautiful beyond the usual 
years of female personal charms, and extremely interest- 
ing and pleasing in conversation and manners until disease 
confined her to a sick bed." 



230 Notes from the Newspapers. 

July 4. The day was celebrated with unusual eclat. 
The trades turned out with cars on which the manipu- 
lations of each handicraft were exhibited. 

A canister containing powder was placed on the steps 
of the residence of the mayor, Francis Bloodgood, with a 
slow match attached to it, which exploded and shattered 
the windows of the house. A reward of one hundred 
dollars was offered for the discovery of the perpetrators, 
and several persons were apprehended, tried and con- 
demned for the misdemeanor. 

July 6. Daniel Stewart died, aged 39. 
The dome of the new City Hall had been gilded by 
Joseph Davis, and was disclosed to the citizens on the 
4th July, by the removal of the scaffolding. 

July 10. A fire broke out in a carpenter's shop corner 
of Plain and Hallenbake streets, which destroyed several 
other buildings also. 

July 11. William Barney and others applied to the 
common council to have Lydius street excavated from 
Eagle to Lark street. 

Joseph Pierce died, aged 54. 

The First Presbyterian church was enlarged and 
remodeled internally, when it became the most elegantly 
finished church in the city. 

July 25. The common council, which had for a long 
time held its meetings in the Capitol, met for the first 
time in their chamber in the new City Hall. 

The trustees of the Primitive Methodist church 
obtained permission to circulate a subscription for thirty 
days, to obtain funds with which to build a church. 

The Third Presbyterian church applied for a donation 
in lands or otherwise to assist in building a church 
between State and Ferry streets. 

The name of North High street was changed to Ten 
Broeck street. Clinton street was ordered to be exca- 
vated; also^Lydius street from South Pearl street to 
Lark; also Hudson street from South Pearl to Eagle, and 
a part of Hamilton street. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 231 

July 27. The Mansion House (formerly Rockwell's) 
was reopened by J. P. Bradstreet, as a public house. 

A fire destroyed the bakery of Daniel Carmichael in the 
north part of the city. 

A bell was cast at the foundery of Mr. Aspinwall in 
Beaver street, for an Episcopal church in Rochester, 
weighing about 2600 pounds, which was pronounced the 
largest in the northern or western part of the state. It 
was 4 ft. 2 in in diameter, and 3 ft. 3 in. in height. 

July 29. The New Philadelphia having been repaired, 
made her reappearance at the landing place foot of Lydius 
street. 

Aug. 1. Dolly, wife of Samuel Holmes, died. 

Aug. 4. William Naylor died, aged 53. 

Aug. 5. A row of wooden buildings in North Market 
street near Orange, were burnt. 

Rev. Geo. Upfold resigned the rectorship of St. Thomas's 
church in New York, and accepted that of Trinity church, 
Pittsburgh. Pa. 

Aug. 6. Eleanor, wife of James Radcliffdied, aged 41. 
Epigram on the new buildings going up in North Pearl 

street, owned by two physicians: 
These doctors who wi'h death do wrestle, 

Perchance to make life shorter, 
After years' labor with the pestle, 
Go largely in the mortar. 

On a military election between A. V. Fryer and Wm. G. 
Fry, which was controverted: 

THE COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE. 

Our modern troops by name do try, 

To use themselves to fire; 
The 2, 4, 6 declares for Fry, 

The 89th for Fryer. 

Aug. 15. Mrs. Benjamin Tullidge died, aged 47. 
Aug. 19. Peter Skerritt died, aged 32. 
James Cassidy died, aged 25. 
Aug. 22. Mary Willett died, aged 23. 
Aug. 28. Miranda wife of Jabez D. Hammond died, 
aged 42. 



232 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Sept. 3. Heber Stone died at Esperance, aged 45. 
Sep. 7. The Albany Literary Gazette was published by 
James D. Nicholson, and^ edited by John P. Jermain. 
Sept. 11. Eliza G., wife of Jason Paige, died. 

Charlotte Maria, wife of James G. Mather, died. 
Sept. 13. William Campbell died, aged 60. 
Sept. 14. Huldah P., daughter of the late Daniel Hale, 
died, aged 31. 

Sept. 15. Mrs. Martha Wilson, for many years a school 
mistress, died, aged 85. 

Nicholas Van Schaack died, aged 29. 
Sept. 19. Justus Wright and others, trustees of the 
Society of Friends in Albany, applied to the common 
council for the grant of a lot on which to build a house 
of worship. 

Sept. 22. The stockholders of the Schenectady turn- 
pike began the survey of their road with a view of 
converting it to the purposes of a rail road. Wm. M. 
Cushman made the survey. 

Sept. 27. The charter election was held, and resulted 
in the triumph of the democratic ticket in three of the 
five wards. 

DEMOCRATS. REPUBLICANS. 

First Ward. 

Aldermen, Barent P. Staats, . . . 386 Ralph' Pratt, 235 

Erastus Corning, ... 403 Aaron Thorp, 235 

Assistants, Stephen Putnam, . . . 384 Edward Kirkpatrick, 278 

George M. Stevens,. 385 Angus McDuffie, 314 

Constable, Abraham Sickles, 703 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen, William Seymour,. . 351 Dyer Lathrop, 296 

Seta Hastings, ...... 342 John Meads, 273 

Assistants, James D. Wasson,. . 347 George J. Loomis, 296 

0. G. DeGroff, 347 Matthews Brown, 273 

Constable. Isaac O. Davis, 338 

Third Ward. 

Aldermen, Peter Gansevoort, .. 119 Elisha W. Skinner, 159 

Gerrit Gates, 125 Isaac W. Staats, 158 

Assistants, James Campbell, Jr. 108 Arnold Nelson, JS1 

Juhn F. Porter, .... 123 H. W. Wynkoop, 105 



Notes from the Newspapers. 233 

DEMOCRATS. REPUBLICANS. 

Fourth Ward. 

Aldermen, James Maher, 394 Wm. Adams, 302 

Lemuel Steele, 407 Henry Rector, 284 

Assistants, Ebenezer Murdoch, . 391 James Robinson, 307 

B. Van Benthuisen, . 383 Frederick Porter, 297 

Constable, Seth Green, 238 Asaph Preston, 397 

Fifth Ward. 
Aldermen, Isaac H. Bogert, 175 James Gibbons, 247 

Francis I. Bradt, ... 176 S. Van Rensselaer, 246 

Assistants, J. Van Schoonhoven, 202 Daniel Carmichael, 193 

Daniel Shaw, 220 John Van Ness, Jr. ..... 237 

The common council appointed Peter V. Shankland, 
chamberlain. 

Sept. 29. The annual military parade of the 89th 
regiment, Col. John Osborn, and the 246th regiment, 
Col. A. V. Fryer, took place, when a considerable number 
of privates appeared in the most ludicrous and fantastic 
costumes imaginable. The object of the persons engaged 
in this affair was to bring the militia system into contempt ; 
it gave the officers much annoyance. 

The Mohawk and Hudson rail road was in operation 
at this time, a locomotive running from the junction of 
Lydius street to the brow of the hill east of Schenectady. 

Sept. 30. James E. Thompson, a soldier of the revolu- 
tion, died, aged 71. 

Oct. 4. Asa Colvard, sheriff of the county, died 
suddenly, aged 64. 

The Mayor's court was held in the new City Hall for 
the first time, Recorder McKown presiding. John Van 
Ness Yates, who was engaged as counsel in the first cause, 
made appropriate remarks on the occasion. 

Oct. 6. Jacob Lansing died, aged 49. 

Oct. 7. A movement was made by the merchants for 
closing stores at 8 o'clock in the evening, and a meeting 
was called at the City Coffee House, where the Delavan 
House now stands. The call was signed by the following 
firms, which have all passed away, or been changed. 
Isaac W. Staats, J. & II. Meacham & Co., 

T. W. Ford & Son, Humphrey & Co., 

W. S. Shepherd & Co., Little & Cummings,, 
Gregory, Bain & Co., Friend Humphrey. 



234 Notes from the Newspapers. 

W. S. & E. C. Me Intosh, J. Sherman & Co., 
C. & A. W. Johnson, Smith & V* illard. 

But three individuals of the above firms are now in 
active business here. Mr. W. C. Little, Mr. H. Meacham 
& Mr. Bachelder, of the firm of J. Sherman & Co. 

Oct. 8. A meeting of citizens opposed to the militia 
system was held at the Capitol, Thomas Me Mullen chair- 
man. A speech was made by S. W. Hutchinson, and an 
address to the people of the state of New York reported 
by a committee consisting of Giles D. Winne, S. Hutchin- 
son, Philo K. Cole, and Benj. R. Spelman. 

Oct. 9. Mary, wife of Capt. Andrew Bartholomew, died. 

Oct . 11. At a meeting of the common council a petition 
was presented for widening State street from Market 
street to the Quay, to the width of 70 feet. The width 
of the street at this time was 35 feet at Market street, 
and 43 feet at Quay street, and the buildings on each 
side were mostly of wood, and in a wretched condition. 

Oct. 12. Rev. JohnDe Witt, D. D., formerly pastor of 
the Dutch Church in Beaver street, died at Brunswick, 
N. J. aged about 42. He was born in Catskill. 

Oct. 15. There was a grand parade of the Fusiliers, a 
burlesque regiment, accoutred in all sorts of fantastic 
costume, in ridicule of a militia muster, as required by 
the laws of the state. After going through the usual 
farce of a parade and review, they were dismissed before 
Bradstreet's Mansion House in a speech from the general, 
Thomas Me Mullen, which was so well timed and apropos 
that it received the plaudits of the multitude gathered 
there on the occasion. 

Oct. 18. James Trenor, a clerk in the office of the 
Secretary of state, and a man of some literary and musical 
pretensions, died suddenly at the Mansion House, aged 
about 50. 

Oct. 24. A ship having been built in New York intended 
for a Havre packet, and named Albany by the owners, in 
honor of this city, at a meeting of the common council a 
committee was appointed to provide the vessel with colors 
at the expense of the city. The Albany was launched 



Notes from the Newspapers. 235 

on the 25th, on which occasion Gen. S. Van Rensselaer, 
Jr. performed the ceremony of breaking a bottle of wine 
over her bows and pronouncing her name. 

Oct. 25. Maria Angelica, wife of Hiram Fanning, died, 
aged 26. 

Almira, wife of Amos Gay, died. 

The mayor, Francis Bloodgood, proposed to the common 
council the purchase of a quantity of wood for the benefit 
of the poor. He said it had long been the custom to 
distribute wood to the poor, and that the cost to the city 
the past winter was $600, in consequence of purchasing 
it to disadvantage. Mr. Corning offered a resolution 
which was passed, appropriating $500 to the purchase of 
wood to be stored for the coming winter. 
Oct. 31. Martha, wife of Lewis Clark, died. 
The chamberlain, H. W. Snyder, reported the city 
finances for the year ending Oct. 11, as follows: 

Receipts during the year $242,76 159 

Amount of payments, 239,866' 18 J 

Among the expenses were, payments on city debt, $85, 
500; opening streets $65,345; salaries, $4,946; lamps, 
$5,546; city watch, $5,514; schools $2,476; poor, $11, 
312; erection City Hall, $27,810. 

Nov. 1. Edward Blackall died, aged 25. 
The grand jury visited the jail, and finding it very 
much out of repair, recommended to the board of super- 
visors the building of a new jail without the compact 
party of the city, inasmuch as this building, which had 
stood twenty-two years, was fast decaying, very illy 
constructed, too small in order to health, comfort and 
convenience, and situated in too thickly settled a locality. 
There were 56 persons in confinement. 

Nov. 9. The election closed, giving large majorities to 
the democratic candidates. William Seymour was elected 
to the assemby, Albert Gallup sheriff and C. A. Ten Eyck 
county clerk. The city vote stood as follows: 
For Assembly. 

William Seymour, democratic, .. . 1802 

Samuel S. Lush, national republican, 785 

Azor Taber, antimasonic, 690 



236 Notes from the Newspapers. 

County Clerk. 

C. A. Ten Eyck, union, 2533 

Sanford Cobb, antimasonic, 562 

The common council at its meeting on the 3d Novem- 
ber, resolved to open a street from North Market to 
Montgomery by taking 33 feet from the Arsenal lots, and 
14 feet from the north side of Gilbert Davis's lot, the 
ground being offered by the owners without charge, and 
the new street was called De Witt street. Soon after the 
state offered the vacant arsenal lots for sale. 

Nov. 12. Amy, wife of John N. Fisher, died, aged 41. 
Nov. 14. Notwithstanding the remonstrances of nearly 
all the property owners on Little State street, as it was 
called, the common council resolved to widen it, which 
was done by a vote of 12 to 4. At the same meeting, on 
motion of Mr. Corning it was resolved to raise the 
following sums by tax for city expenses. 

City lamps, $5,500 

Night watch, 6,000 

Contingencies 8,500 

City debt, 8,000 

$28,000 

Nov. 16. Vincent King died. John Evertsen died. 

At a meeting of the board of supervisors, on motion of 
Dr. B. P. Staats: 

Whereas James Van Ingen, the present clerk of the 
board, was appointed to that office on the 6th day of 
October, 1807, in the room of Jacob Bleecker, Jr. deceased, 
and has been unanimously continued as clerk ever since 
his appointment, and has uniformily given satisfaction, 
therefore 

Eesolved, that the said James Van Ingen be continued 
as clerk of this board for the current year. 

He was somo time clerk of the assembly. 

Nov. 17. The mayor, recorder and several aldermen 
presented the suit of colors ordered for the Havre packet 
Albany. The ceremony took place on board the packet, 
in presence of a distinguished company, after which they 



Notes from the Newspapers. 237 

all went below to partake of a collation prepared for the 
occasion. 

Nov. 21. Hosford & Wait having purchased the Christ- 
ian Register and Telegraph of Lewis Hoffman, united 
with it the Journal of Utica, and published the first 
number of a religious paper under the title of Journal 
and Telegraph. 

Nov. 25. Luther Plumb, formerly of Stockbridge, 
Mass., died, aged 53. 

Nov. 26. Ann, wife of Thomas Boyd, died, aged 27. 

Nov. 27. Snow fell to a depth sufficient for sleighs, 
which were brought out on the occasion. 

Nov. 28. The common council ordered a cross walk to 
be laid across State street on the east side of Lodge 
street. The board had been importuned for this cross- 
walk for a long time. The recorder, James McKown, 
opposed it; said the one opposite St. Peter's church: 
answered all necessary purposes. Dr. B. P. Staats hoped 1 
the walk would be made, although it had been so often, 
rejected by the old board. The new board perhaps was 
more regardful of the interests of the people than the old 
one. It was true that there was another cross walk 
near the one proposed, called the church and state walk,. 
because it had been placed there at the joint expense of 
St. Peter's church and the state. 

The committee which had been appointed to investigate- 
the subject of improving the Academy park, reported that 
$3200 had been subscribed by individuals for that 
purpose, and recommended that on the payment of that 
sum into the city treasury, the superintendent of the 
district be directed to proceed with the work. The- 
improvement contemplated grading the park and enclosing, 
it with an iron fence. The project was advocated with 
much zeal by Dr. B. P. Staats and James Maher, and; 
passed with but one dissenting voice. 

At the same meeting apportionments were confirmed 
for paving Lydius street from Pearl to Hallenbake (now 
Grand). 

Nov. 28. Capt. Peter Dox died at Hopeton, Yates, 
[Annals, ix.] 21 

\ 



238 Notes from the Newspapers. 

county, aged 89. He was born in Albany in 1742, saw 
the struggle that was made in the old French and Indian 
war, and was actively engaged in the war of the 
revolution. 

Dec. 1 . A fall of 2 inches of snow. 

Walter B. Roberts died, aged 40. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Van Vechten died, aged 78, and was 
buried from her residence corner of North Market street 
and Maiden lane. 

Dec. 2. The severe weather closed the canal, and 
rendered the navigation of the river extremely difficult. 

John Stilwell died, aged 52. He was for many years 
an alderman and in 1824 was a representative in the 
assembly. He was also major general of artillery, and 
by his energy did much to advance the discipline of the 
division under his command. 

A meeting of citizens was held, Francis Bloodgood 
chairman and Gideon Hawley secretary, to consider the 
propriety of appointing delegates to represent them at a 
convention to be held at Leedsville to consider the project 
of a rail road on the east side of the river from New York 
to Albany. 

Dec. 4. The Primitive Methodist church in State street, 
near Dove, was dedicated. It was announced that the 
Rev. Mr. Kirk would preach at 10 o'clock in the morning, 
Rev. Mr. Brindle in the afternoon, and that two sermons 
would be delivered in the evening, one of which by Miss 
Watkins. 

Dec. 5. The frost was severe, snow fell, and the river 
was closed so that no boat arrived. 

George Me Elcheran died, aged 68. He was for many 
years a school teacher, and published a spelling book 
which was much used in the schools of this city. 

A new religious society termed the Fifth Presbyterian 
church was organized, and the Rev. Alfred Welton of 
Poughkeepsie was elected pastor. They held their meet- 
ings in the old City Hall, corner of South Market street 
and Hudson, and proposed to erect a church on the corner 
of Green and Hamilton streets. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 239 

There was a bitter controversy at this time between 
the supervisors from the country towns and those of the 
city in relation to the county poor. The city had estab- 
lished a poor house which was alleged to have cost $20, 
000. The revised statutes required that the distinction 
between town and country poor should be abolished, and 
in arranging the union, the country supervisors would 
allow the city property to be worth only $1500. The 
city members proposed to divide the county, and thus 
get rid of the country. They finally adjourned to Feb- 
ruary. 

The Watervliet supervisor made a motion to borrow 
$80,000 to purchase the Watervliet turnpike, which was 
also laid over. 

Dec. 6. Hannah, widow of Christopher Dunn, died at 
Fishkill. 

Dec. 11. Thomas Kendall died, noted as the first 
manufacturer of thermometers in this country, which he 
constructed with so much accuracy that the regents of 
the university gave him an order to supply all the acade- 
mies in the state. 

Dec. 16. The dry goods store of Parsons Baker in 
North Market street near Steuben, was destroyed by fire. 
The dwelling part of the building was occupied by Earl 
P. Pease as a boarding house. 

Dec. 19. John W. Hyde, clerk of the common council, 
died, aged 33. 

Dec. 24. Margaret, widow of Richard Dunn, died, aged 
95. 

Dec. 26. Ann, wife of Thos. L. Pemberton, died. 

John Kent died, aged 47. 

Dec. 27. Robert Babcock died, aged 78. His widow 
died on the 4th January following, aged 72. They were 
on a visit to this city from Cobleskill. 

Dec. 27. Helen Law died, aged 78, and was buried 
from her residence 75 State street. 

Dec. 29. The common council met for the annual 
election of officers. 

John Townsend, mayor. 
Gerrit Gates, clerk. 



240 Notes from the Newspapers. 

John 0. Cole, police justice. 
Thomas L. Pemberton, high constable. 
John E. Lovett, city attorney. 
Wm. Mascraft, supt. southern department. 
Harman V. Hart, supt. northern department. 
Nathaniel R. Packard, supt. alms house. 
Gerrit T. Bradt, supt. Ferry. 
Peter P. Staats, city physician. 

Dec. 29. Charles D. Bulkley died at Matanzas, Cuba, 
;aged, 22 ; son of Chester Bulkley. 

Dec. 30. Sarah Willet died, aged 80, and was buried 
ifrom the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Catharine 
"Visscher, corner of Columbia street and Middle lane. 

The following is a statement of the arrivals at this port 
&y canal during the year 1831. 

427,021 barrels of flour. 
19,342 " ashes. 
16,805 " provisions. 
25,306 bushels of salt. 
18,681 barrels whiskey. 
1,875 hhds 
2,924 boxes of glass. 

254 barrels lime. 
134,321 bushels of wheat. 
127,533 " corn, rye and oats. 
177,624 " barley. 
15,193 cords of wood. 
18,087 feet timber. 
12,290 M of shingles. 
40,569,719 feet of lumber. 

The quantity of merchandise that was conveyed from 
the city during that year was 47,968 tons, which paid 
$269,431-33 tolls. 

The whole number of canal boats that arrived at and 
departed from the city of Albany during 1831 was 
14,960. 

The whole number of paupers which had received 
assistance at the alms house during this year was 795, of 
whom 460 were American and 335 foreigners; of this 



Notes from the Newspapers. 241 

number 547 were admitted during the year, showing an 
increase of 107 over the year 1830. The expenditures 
of the year, including salary of superintendent, were 
$8006-18, averaging $37-23 per head. 

1832. 

Jan. 4. A carpenter's shop and three dwellings were 
burnt at the upper end of Orange street. 

Ann, wife of Capt. John B. Fanning, died, aged 32. 

Jan. 5. The first number of the Daily Craftsman was 
published, Roberts & James editors. 

Jan. 7. Garrit Hogan, jailer, gave notice that Francis 
Bloodgood, late mayor, had liberated all the debtors 
confined in the jail by paying the amounts of the debts 
for which they were confined. 

Jan. 8. G. H. Belden died; a lieutenant in the United 
States army during the war of 1812. 

Jan. 11. Norman Hart died; a teacher of sacred music 
from Berlin, Conn. 

Jan. 12. Alexander H. Glen died, aged 27. 

Jan. 14. John Boom died, aged 84. 

Peter H. Becker died, aged 22. 

John Walker, member of assembly from Clinton county, 
died, aged 56. 

Jan. 16. A number of persons were brought before the 
police justice and fined for rioting and threatening the 
sexton at the Fourth Presbyterian church on the Sunday 
evening previous. 

Jan. 20. Mrs. Lydia Parmele, died, aged 49. 

John McWilliams, for a long time a resident of this 
city, died at Schoharie, aged 78. 

Jan. 23. At a meeting of the common council, Philip 
Hooker tendered his resignation as city surveyor. Dr. 
B. P. Staats offered an amendment to the law, by .which 
thereafter there should be two surveyors, one for the 
southern and one for the northern district. The law was 
passed, and George W. Carpenter and William M. Gush- 
man were elected to the offices. 

Ebenezer Wright and others petitioned for the filling 



242 Notes from the Newspapers. 

and paving of Hudson street from Eagle to Hawk street. 
Very few who now pass over this street can have a just 
conception of its appearance thirty years ago. 

Abraham Van Vechten, Wm. James and others peti- 
tioned that the corporation would unite with them in 
applying to the legislature for a law that no property 
should be taken for opening a street unless two thirds 
of the persons interested therein should consent thereto. 
This had its origin in the widening of State street below 
Market, a very great improvement. 

About 400 firemen petitioned that the ringing of bells 
for week day evening meetings at churches might be pro- 
hibited, or some peculiar mode of ringing be prescribed. 
They were subjected to numerous fines by mistaking 
these alarms. A law was introduced, prescribing the 
mode of ringing bells at all times, and providing that no 
bell should be rung after twilight, but tolled, except for 
fires and the 8 o'clock bell. 

Jan. 24. Cuyler Staats died, aged 25. 

John B. Young died, aged 22. 

Jan. 28. The boarding house of Mr. Gourlay was 
damaged by fire. 

Allan Mellville died, aged 49. 

The Rev. James R. Willson, of the Associate Presby- 
terian church, was expelled from the house of Assembly 
as one of the chaplains, for contempt. He published a 
pamphlet on the occasion. 

The Mohawk and Hudson rail road company reported 
to the legislature that the amount actually paid and dis- 
bursed in the construction of the road was $483,215, that 
by estimates it would require $156,693 to complete it. 

Jan. 30. Gessen G. Holt died, aged 45. 

Margaret, wife of Timothy Gladding, died. 

Jan. 31. Mrs. Maria Groesbeck died, aged 52. 

Robert S. Van Rensselaer died. 

The subscription books for the stock of the Firemen's 
Insurance Company were opened, and in six hours 
$112, 000 were subscribed. 

Feb. 1. John Duffau, a native of Bordeaux in France, 
died, aged 54. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 243 

Feb. 2. The firm of Campbell, Storrs & Co., consisting 
of James Campbell, jr. and Dvvight Storrs, was dissolved. 

Feb. 7. Margaret, wife of Rufus Brown, died. 

Feb. 11. The copartnership of Godfrey & Walsh, con- 
sisting of John I. Godfrey and John S. Walsh, was dis- 
solved. 

A new partnership consisting of John S. Walsh, Her- 
man Leonard and William Jackson was formed, under 
the name of Walsh, Leonard & Jackson, dealing in hard- 
ware at No. 62 State Street. 

Feb. 12. Guy C. Webster died, aged 27. 

The copartnership under the name of Little & Cum- 
mings was dissolved, Jarnes M. Curnmings retiring. The 
book and stationery business was continued by Weare 
C. Little. 

Feb. 22. The military celebrated the centennial anni- 
versary of the birthday of Washington. The 89th and 
246th regiments sat down to dinner at Crosby's Long 
Room, and the Albany Republican Artillery at Foot's 
Fort Orange Hotel. 

Col. Peter Gansevoort on this occasion presented to 
the Artillery a large brass drum, a trophy of the revolu- 
tion, taken from the British on the 22d August, 1777, at 
Fort Stanwix, by his father, Gen. Peter Gansevoort. 

Feb. 29. Dr. Samuel S. Treat died, aged 33. 

March 6. William Johnson died, aged 41, a lieutenant 
in the war of 1812. 

March 11. Erastus Youngs, died, aged 48 ; for a long 
time one of the most extensive stage proprietors in the 
city, at a time when stages were the vehicles of travel to 
every point of the compass. 

March 12. Hugh Robison and others petitioned the 
common council to open Dean street to Maiden lane. 

James L'Amoreux and Joseph Alexander petitioned to 
have Hamilton street opened from Eagle to Hawk street. 

The heavy rains of the previous two days produced a 
flood which not only carried away the ice, but did a great 
amount of damage, particularly by destroying buildings 
on the Pier, and the bridges across the basin. 



244 Notes from the Newspapers. 

March 15. The first boat that arrived was the Fame 
of Hudson, the river being blocked up above Redhook. 

March 17. Robert Bell died, aged 58. 

March 18. Jared Weed, formerly of this city, died at 
Tully, Onondaga county, aged 29. 

March 21. Leonard Wesfcott died, aged 40. 

March 23. The managers of the Washington centen- 
nial ball presented John Meads with a silver pitcher or- 
namented with an appropriate inscription, and a silver 
salver having an engraved head of Washington in the 
centre, as a testimonial of their approbation of the refined 
taste and architectural skill which he evinced in deco- 
rating the City Hall on the 22d of February. The ball 
of that evening far surpassed any thing of that kind which 
had ever been witnessed in the city. 

March 25. The ice gave way at Kinderhook, and left 
an open current from Albany to New York. 

March 26. The Constitution steam boat arrived from 
New York, the first boat of the season. 

Nathaniel S. Foster, formerly of Boston, died, aged 25. 

March 28. James Howell died, aged 22. 

Mrs. Susan Williams died, aged 62. 

March 29. Conrad Moore died, aged 44 ; formerly a 
merchant at .Redhook. 

March 31. Margaret, wife of Joseph Roby, Jr., died, 
aged 28. 

April 1. The firm of Rice & Baker was dissolved, Silas 
T. Rice retiring and Ellis Baker continuing the business 
of staging on all the routes which they had run with so 
much success. 

April 2. Robert Cameron died, aged 57. 

April 3. The jury empanneled for assessing and ap- 
portioning the damages sustained by the owners of pro- 
perty required for the opening of Little State street, re- 
ported as follows: 

Bank of Albany, $47,000 

Barent Sanders, 17,000 

Misses Garrison, 16,000 

Leasehold interest.. 200 



Notes from the Newspapers. 245 

Alley, 900 

Forsyth and Benedict, 5,000 

Estate of Thomas Gould, 10,000 

Russel Forsyth 1,450 

$98,250 
Expenses, 458-55 

$98,708-55 

The sum was apportioned upon State, North and South 
Market and Dean streets, and upon the Pier between 
Columbia and Hamilton streets. 

April 4. John Holt died, aged 36. 

John Van Zandt, who had held the office of cashier of 
the Bank of Albany fifteen years, resigned, and was suc- 
ceeded by Jellis Winne, Jr. 

An effort was made at this time to induce the common 
council to restrain the running at large of hogs. They 
had been allowed the freedom of the streets, as will be 
found by the city records, from the time of the organiza- 
tion of the city government, and they formed one of the 
city institutions which Mr. N. P. Willis pronounced more 
Dutch than decent, in his memorable observation, made 
from the eligible stand-point of the Troy House. The 
following discussion took place in the council chamber, 
April 9 : 

The recorder called up the law, which was laid on the 
table last autumn. 

Mr. Maher was opposed to the law. Hogs were the 
best scavengers for removing the garbage, which if left 
in the streets or yards would produce sickness. Besides 
the passage of this law would be an injury to many poor 
people who kept swine. 

Mr. Wasson said that if two or three hogs were shut up 
together, in the hot season, they would be a much greater 
nuisance than if they ran at large. There were many 
poor persons whose whole winter's food consisted of the 
swine which they kept, and he was not disposed to de- 
prive them of this means of sustenance. He offered an 



246 Notes from the Newspapers. 

amendment requiring that hogs running at large should 
be well ringed. 

Dr. B. P. Staats remarked that the pork fatted by the 
garbage in the streets, was not wholesome, and it would 
be beneficial to the public if they were restrained for no 
other reason. He knew that their running at large had 
a demoralizing effect, as it was the cause of much per- 
jury by people who claimed hogs. If this law were to 
pass, theie would be people to go to all the houses to 
take away the garbage. 

Mr. Stevens observed that it was strange how doctors 
disagreed. The New York physicians in 1823, gave the 
opinion that hogs were the best scavengers, and stated 
that their running at large was eminently beneficial to 
the health of the city. If they were of advantage in other 
cities, they must be so here. Their free running was an 
old Dutch privilege, and we must be careful how we in- 
fringe it. 

Mr. Steele was for postponing this subject till we could 
get proposals for removing the garbage without much 
expense. He would sincerely deprecate the leaving of 
vegetable matter in the streets. 

Mr. Wasson moved that the bill be laid on the table. 

The Recorder opposed this motion. The question 
ought to be decided. It had been delayed long enough, 
and he should continue to bore the board with this mat- 
ter until it was decided. 

Mr. Skinner also opposed the motion, and it was lost. 

The question was then taken on Mr. Wasson's amend- 
ment to have hogs ringed, and it was lost by the follow- 
ing vote : 

Ayes DeGraff, Maher, Murdock, Seymour, Stevens, 
Van Benthuysen, Van Ness and Wasson 8. 

Nays Corning, Hastings, Nelson, Recorder, Shaw, 
B. P. Staats, I. W. Staats, Skinner, Steele, Van Rensse- 
laer, Wynkoop 11. 

The law then passed, to take effect on the first of June. 
The fine for a hog running at large was to be $2. If the 
ownerwas not known they were to be taken, by persons 



Notes from the Newspapers. 247 

employed for that purpose, to the pound at the Alms- 
house, and were subject to redemption within sixty days. 

The law, however, is believed to have been a dead 
letter, or if enforced for a while, soon became a nullity. 

April 14. The cabinet warehouse of Teunis Morrell, 
corner af North Market street and Maiden lane was de- 
stroyed by fire, and the adjoining buildings south, includ- 
ing the postoffice, considerably damaged. 

Evert Van Alen proposed to publish his improved map 
of the city. 

April 16. Visscher Ten Eyck and Solomon M. Parke 
formed a copartnership in the dry goods business at No. 
60 State street, lately occupied by Young & Ehle, who 
retired first March. 

The committee for building the Orphan Asylum adver- 
tised for proposals for erecting a house 96 by 50 feet. 

April 20. Lorenzo H. Kinsley died* 

The common council presented the Methodist church 
in Division street a lot on which to build a church, at 
the corner of Plain and Hallenbake streets. They now 
applied for a quit claim deed of it, for the purpose of sell- 
ing it, which was granted. 

April 26. Mrs. Lydia Van Deusen died. 

April 29. John B. Van Steenbergh died, aged 41. 

May 1. The annual town election was held with the 
following result : 

DEMOCRAT. REPUBLICAN. 

First Ward. 

Supervisor, B. P. Staats, 366 J, V. N. Yates, 18i 

Assessor,.. G.M.Stevens, 371 Green Hall, 182 

Second Ward. 

Supervisor, J. I. Burton, 287 Josiah Winants, 241 

Assessor, . . J. D. Wasson, 276 I. L. Judson, 256 

Third Ward. 
Supervisor, (No opposition). Nicholas Bleecker, ...... 241 

Assessor,.. Gerrit Gates, 122 Elihu Russell, 117 

Fourth Ward. 

Supervisor , S. S. Fowler, 2SO Friend Humphrey, 274 

$sscscor t . . (No opposition ). Philip Hooker, 558 

Fifth Ward. 

Supervisor^ J , N. Qaackenbush.. 127 Robert Shepherd, 125 

. (No opposition). Benjamin VVilson, 234 



248 Notes from the Newspapers. 

May 2. Fitch Lamphire died, aged 30. 

May 3. The subject of widening Little State street, 
which was opposed by the owners of the property pro- 
posed to be taken, came before the Mayor's court, and 
the assessment was confirmed by that tribunal. 

May 5. The workmen engaged in tearing down the old 
Stone House tavern in Beaver street, discovered a quan- 
tity of bones in the basement wall, masoned in with new 
Holland bricks. Considerable curiosity was caused by 
the discovery, as the work was supposed to have been 
done a century before, at least, no Holland brick having 
been imported within a century. The bones on examina- 
tion were pronounced to be those of a quadruped. 

May 7. The common council, by resolution offered by 
Mr. Nelson, voted themselves 25 copies of Williams's 
Annual Register. 

May 8. Mrs. McNab, widow of Peter, died, aged 50. 

May 12. Mrs. Mary Andrews died, aged 64. 

May 14. The first train of the Mohawk and Hudson 
rail road made a trip over the whole line. A train ar- 
rived from Schenectady at the termination in -the south 
part of the city, and was received by a large assemblage 
of citizens and the firing of cannon. 

A house between Beaver and Howard streets, on a 
range with Lodge street was entirely demolished by a 
number of persons living in the vicinity, who had long 
been annoyed by the noises of the occupants thereof. It 
was tenanted by several families, black and white, and 
it was found that no other effectual measures could be 
taken to abate the nuisance, but to demolish the house. 
The mayor and high constable, and a number of watch- 
men attended the scene, but were unable to quell the 
disturbance until the building was razed to the ground. 
Several persons were arrested and held to answer for the 
offence. 

James Mcllvaine died, aged 50. 

May 16. Catharine M., wife of Henry D. Hunter, and 
daughter of the late John C. Cuyler, died at Congress 
Hall. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 249 

Dr. Sprague published his Lectures on Revivals. 
A cenotaph was placed in the 2d Dutch church to the 
memory of the Rev. John De Witt, who was the first 
sole pastor of the church, as which he had officiated nearly 
eight years. The inscription was furnished by Simeon 
De Witt, and the monument was conceived and executed 
by J. Dickson of this city. It consists of a plinth or base 
of white marble, surmounted by an obelisk of a darker 
hue; against which is an urn, also in white marble, in 
alto relievo; the base having on either side pilasters, sup- 
ported by carved brackets, and the whole finished in the 
simple style of the Grecian models. 

May 21. Mrs. Eveline, widow of Dr. Benjamin De 
Witt, died at the residence of her brother, Francis Blood- 
good. 

May 25. Barnet C. Humphrey died, aged 50. 
May 27. Maj. Jacob Fredenrich died suddenly at Be- 
ment's tavern in State street, aged 38. 

May 31. The steamboat Novelty made the trip to 
New York in 9h. 47m., which was the quickest of the day 
boat trips, although it is believed some of the night 
boats had done better. This was a creation of Dr. Nott, 
and soon after made the trip in 9h. llm. 

John Thomas announced that he had taken the Ameri- 
can Hotel, being recently from Orange Springs, N. J. 

Joseph Alexander resigned the office of president of 
the Commercial Bank, and John Townsend succeeded 
him. 

A New Methodist Protestant Church worshiped at Ma- 
sonic Hall, corner of State and Lodge streets, Rev. Mr. 
Gibson, officiating. 

June 12. The new steam boat Champlain, made her 
first trip from New York in 9h. 54m., making but one 
landing. 

June 13. A rumor having reached the city that the 
Asiatic cholera had made its appearance at Quebec and 
Montreal, the common council was convened and resolu- 
tions passed, the board taking active measures to prevent 
[Annals, ix.] 22 



250 Notes from the Newspapers. 

its lodgment here. All canal boats from the north were 
to be overhauled and made to perform quarantine. A 
committee was appointed to investigate the condition of 
the city as to cleanliness, &c., the physicians reported on 
the subject, and the utmost anxiety and consternation 
prevailed. Mr. James D. Wasson was sent to Whitehall 
and to various points on the canal and lake to. observe 
closely the condition of the emigrants which were ap- 
proaching from that quarter. The papers were filled 
with the subject to the exclusion of almost every thing 
else. An effort was made to liberate the hogs again, as 
public scavengers, and on the plea that confinement was 
the worst nuisance. Guards were placed to preven 
emigrants from approaching the city from the north until 
they had performed quarantine. 

June 21. The legislature met in extra session. 

June 29. Ann, wife of Thomas Gough, died, aged 40. 

July 2. The legislature adjourned after a session of 
two weeks. 

July 3. It having been reported that the cholera had 
made its appearance in New York, the mayor of Albany 
issued a proclamation forbidding any vessel or steam boat, 
having any sick persons on board, from approaching the 
city at any place nearer than one mile from the south 
ferry. 

The board of health reported that two persons of very 
irregular habits had died of symptoms resembling malig- 
nant or spasmodic cholera. 

John Bradford died, aged 22; the first undisputed death 
by cholera. 

July 5. The firm of Fidler & Taylor was dissolved, and 
the business continued by John Taylor. 

July 6. The house of William Stilwell in Colonie street 
was destroyed by fire. 

July 8. Levy Solomons died, aged 22. 

July 10. The Theatre, which had been opened for a 
new season on the evening of the 4th, closed this evening 
on account of the excitement about the cholera. 

July 10. A great quantity of tar was burnt in the 



Notes from the Newspapers. 25 L 

streets with a view to abate the cholera. It served to 
render the deserted streets most dismal and gloomy. 

Gen John H. Wendell died, aged 80, of an apoplectic 
attack which occurred at church on the previous Sunday. 
In 1776, at 24 years of age, he abandoned the profession 
of the law, and became an ensign in the 1st New York 
regiment, but soon entitled himself to promotion, and was 
made captain under Col. Van Schaick, and commanded 
a company at the battle of Monmouth. He was with the 
army during the whole period of the war, and was sub- 
sequently raised to the rank of major-general of the 
militia, and also filled various civic offices with talent 
and ability. He continued to wear the costume of the 
era of the revolution to the time of his death. 

July 10. David Tinker died of cholera, aged 30; the 
first victim of good habits and character. 

July 13. The citizens were invited to join South Market 
street and the Dock in burning tar and rosin, at 9 o'clock 
in the morning. 

Great complaints were made of the filthy condition of 
the Foxen kill, much of which was still an open creek, 
and the receptacle of all the filth of the district which it 
traversed. It was docked by the owners of the adjoin- 
ing lots, and an estimate was made that a dock cost 40, 
and that it might be converted into a drain of mason 
work at an expense of $75 to each owner. 

Harmanus Henderer died, aged 68. He was a native 
of Columbia county, but had resided in this city more 
than forty years ; was one of the trustees of the Lutheran 
church, and maintained a high character for honesty and 
worth. He was a victim of the cholera. 

July 13. The board of health reported 28 new cases of 
cholera this day, deaths 7. 

July 14. New cases cholera, 27, deaths 6. 
15. do do 17, 6. 

Some of the churches abandoned Sunday evening meet- 
ings, and the common council met in the afternoon, under 
the impression that there was unwholesome influence 
from night assemblages. 



252 Notes from the Newspapers. 

July 16. 29 new cases of cholera, 7 deaths; among 
which was that of Ira W. Scott, publisher of the Direct- 
ory, aged 38. 

July 17. 23 new cases of cholera, 8 deaths; among 
which was that of Robert Rusk, a clerk in the comptrol- 
ler's office, aged 45. 

Josiah Sherman, aged 63, died of a lingering illness. 
He was one of the most respected merchants of the city, 
;and a man of amiable demeanor. 

Harriet, wife of Wm. Ostrander, died, aged 42. 
July 18. 23 new cases of cholera, 5 deaths. 
July 19. 20 new cases of cholera, 6 deaths; among 
which was that of Henry Abel, aged 55. 

July 20. 22 new cases of cholera, deaths 7; among 
which was that of Brockholst Livingston, and Mrs. Keyes, 
an estimable woman, wife of Julius Keyes, who kept the 
tavern, corner of Daniel and Eagle streets. 
John R. Bleecker, Jr. died, aged 28. 
July 21. 40 new cases of cholera, 11 deaths; among 
which were Daniel Lloyd, aged 24; and on" Sunday, the 
:22d, his mother, widow of James Lloyd; also Mrs. Scott, 
widow of Ira W., who died on the previous Sunday; 
Mrs. Wm. H. Sniffer, aged 27; Mary, wife of John Wil- 
liamson, aged 72, who in her youth was made prisoner 
by the Indians (her family being murdered), and taken 
to Detroit, where she obtained her liberty through the 
interference of a French officer. She had resided in 
Albany 60 years, and was very highly respected and 
esteemed. Deaths on the 22d, 14; new cases, 19. 

July 23. 27 new cases, 5 deaths; among them John D. 
Kearney, aged 25. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, widow of Jona. Brooks', died, aged 92. 
July 24. New cases 19, deaths JO; Mrs. Sophia Edick, 
aged 58; Thomas Van Benthuysen, aged 67. 
July 25. New cases 27, deaths 7. 

Nahum Rice died in New York. 

July 26. New cases 32, deaths 7. Mrs. Elizabeth 
L'Amoreux died, aged 80; Amelia D. Garling, 20. 
July 26. George Lewis died of consumption, aged 42. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 253 

July 27. New cases 40, deaths 13. Charity Cass, 
aged 92. 

July 28. New cases 28, deaths 16. 

July 29. New cases 35, deaths 17. 

Christina, widow of Richard Alanson, died. 

July 30. New cases 26, deaths 10. Ellis W. Boyden, 
died. 

July 31. New cases 29, deaths 6. 

Cases of Cholera during July. 

Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths. 

July 3. 2 2 July 18. 21 5 

4. 1 19. 20 6 

5. 7 4 20. 22 7 

6. 12 2 21. 40 11 

7. 10 3 22. 19 14 

8. 11 3 23. 27 5 

9. 18 5 24. 19 10 

10. 22 7 25. 27 7 

11. 28 9 26. '32 7 

12. 10 3" 27. 40 13 

13. 28 7 28. 28 18 

14. 27 6 29. 35 17 

15. 17 6 30. 26 10 

16. 29 7 31. 29-387 6-136 

17. 23 8 

The population at this time was about 26,000. 

Aug. 1. New cases 32, deaths 8. The mayor, John 
Townsend, issued -a proclamation for a day of fasting, 
humiliation and prayer, on the 3d. 

Aug. 2. New cases 19, deaths 7. The city at this time 
wore a most gloomy appearance. Many stores were 
closed, and thousands of people had gone away, so that 
the business portion of the streets had the aspect of a 
Sunday. Scarcely any one from abroad visited the place, 
the steam boats ran empty, and the hotels were deserted. 
The usual supplies of provisions were cut off, farmers 
not daring to trust themselves in the city, and prices 
were excessively high, potatoes having risen from 25 
cents to $1 a bushel. 



254 Notes from the Newspapers. 

New cases 26, deaths 8. Salem Butcher died of cholera, 
aged 60. This day was observed as a day of fasting 
and prayer, and abstinence from business avocations. 

Aug. 4. New cases 19, deaths 6 among which was 
Andrew H. De Witt, aged 38. 

Aug. 5. New cases 19, deaths 2. 

6. " 26, " 14. 

7. " 20, " 7. Sarah, widow of 
Charles Z. Platt, formerly state treasurer, died, aged 48. 

Aug. 8. New cases 18, deaths 6. 

Capt. Peter Donnelly died of typhus, aged 65. 
Aug. 9. New cases 16, deaths 7. ' 

10. ' 19, " 6. 

11. " 15, " 8. 

C. W. Groesbeeck & Co. sold by auction " the property 
at the head of State street on the north side, commonly 
designated as the Old Jail property," in behalf of the 
trustees of the Albany Academy. The premises were 
80 feet on State street, and 84 on Maiden lane, and 116 
feet on Eagle street. 

Aug. 12. New cases 22. deaths 7. 

13. ' 14, " 7. 

14. " 16, " 6. 

15. " 18, " 4. 

Aug. 15. A stranger fell off the State street bridge into 
the basin and was drowned. 

Aug. 16. James Boyd died, aged 91. 

Aug. 16. New cases 8, deaths 3. 
17. " 12, " 5. 

Aug. 17. Jacob F. Sternbergh died of cholera, aged 43. 

Aug. 18. New cases 26, deaths 14. Edward Fay died. 
He came to Albany in 1816 from Westborough, Mass. 

Aug. 19. New cases 12, deaths 10. A violent rain storm 
overflowed Beaver street, filling the cellars and under- 
mining buildings. 

Aug. 20. New cases 11, deaths 5. 
21. " 17, " 5. 

The south hospital was closed, and the north hospital, 
which was in the Arsenal, had been closed some time 



Notes from the Newspapers. 255 

before this. The Lancaster school house in Eagle street 
was still used as a hospital, and near the cemeteries on 
the hill a large number of shanties had been erected, 
where emigrants performed quarantine, under the charge 
of William Cammeyer, Jr. The number gathered there 
on the 14th August was 445. 

Aug. 22. New cases 23, deaths 8. Mary, wife of Wm. 
Cammeyer, Jr. died, aged 38. 

Aug. 23. New cases 28, deaths 14; John McHench, 
aged 40; David Martin, 45; both of cholera. 

Aug. 24. New cases 20, deaths 5. 

25. " 9, " 3. 

26. " 12, " 6. Hugh Fraser, aged 
35; John Humphrey, 82; Mrs. Esther Hanford, aged 55; 
Mrs. S. Baker, aged 34. 

The steam boat Champlain arrived in 9h. 49m. from 
New York ; the quickest trip that had been made. 

Aug. 27. New cases 13, deaths 4. Magdalen, wife of 
Wm. Humphrey died, aged 35. 

Aug. 28. New cases 9, deaths 3. 

The cholera having been attributed to the impurity or 
peculiarity of the water in the city wells, the board of 
health had the waters of fourteen wells examined by Drs. 
T. Romeyn Beck and Philip Ten Eyck, who pronounced 
them all free from any impurities which could be injurious 
to health. 

Aug. 29. New cases 7, deaths 1; John McDuffie, 34. 
Mary, wife of Edward Brown, died, aged 45. 
Martha, wife of Captain S. W. Johnson, died, 
aged 76; " long distinguished for her charitable and ex- 
emplary manners, and as one who in an extraordinary 
degree had acquired the respect and love of all who knew 
her." 

Aug. 30. New cases 5, deaths 3. 

Ann, widow of Joseph Jewell, died, aged 81. 

Aug. 31. New cases-4, death 1; Mrs. Thos. Smith, 42. 

Total cases for the month 525, deaths 193. 
do do July 632, do 208. 

1147 401 



256 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Sept. 1. The board of health made a general report of 
the epidemic for the past month, and the newspapers 
omitted the daily report of cases and deaths. The prin- 
cipal merchants united in an address to the public, as- 
suring their friends and customers abroad that they could 
now visit the city with safety . The same day E. Crocker 
and his wife died of cholera within a few hours of each 
other; Samuel Baker, aged 23, and Maria Lewis, wife 
of Marshal Scott, aged 31. 

Sept. 2. John Wiggins and his wife died of cholera at 
the same hour. 

Sept. 7. Charles Madden died of Cholera, aged 35. 

Sept. 8. The board of health reported 16 deaths by 
cholera during the last week. 

Sept. 14. Edward G. Gracie died. 

Sept. 15. The board of health reported 3 deaths by 
cholera since the 8th. 

The improvements of the Academy park, including the 
iron railing around it, were now completed. The popu- 
lation of the city was estimated at over 30,000. 

The famous tobacco factory of Levy Solomons, near 
the patroon's residence, was purchased by Charles 
Chapman. 

Sept. 22. The steam boat North America, racing with 
the Champlain, arrived in 9h. 18m. from New York. 

Sept. 24. The charter election was held and resulted 
in what had not occurred before in some years, the de- 
feat of the democratic party in four of the five wards, and 
the election of a national republican majority in the com- 
mon council. The two parties are styled in the Daily 
Advertiser, Jackson and Anti-Regency. 

ANTI-REGENCY. JACKSON. 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. David E. Gregory. .. 327 Erastus Corning, 393 

Green Hall, 336 Jesse G. Brush, 372 

Attistants. Baily G. Hathaway, 329 George M. Stevens, 376 

Jas. W. Robiso ., ... 333 Stephen Putnam, 380 

Constable. Abraham Sickles, 714 (on both tickets). 
Second Ward. 

Aldermen. John T. Norton,... 451 Wm. Seymour, 311 

Dyer Lathrop, 445 James D. Wasson, 312 



Notes from the Newspapers. 257 

ANTI-REGENCY. JACKSON. 

Assistants. Ichabod L. Judson, . 455 Daniel S. Kittles, 314 

John Groesbeck, ... 443 Amos Fassett, 318 

Third Ward. 

dldcrmcn. E. W. Skinner,.... 181 Isaac H. Bogert, 95 

Teunis Van Vechten, 181 Allen Brown, 102 

Assistants. Arnold Nelson,.... 190 John F. Porter, 114 

George McPherson, 173 William White, 84 

Fourth Ward. 

Aldermen. Friend Humphrey,. 367 James Maher, --,.. 348 

James P. Gould, ... 364 Lemuel Steele, 349 

Assistants. James Robinson, . . . 369 Ebenezer Murdock, 342 

Frederick Porter, . . 365 James G. Mather, 342 

Fifth Ward. 

Aldermen. James Gibbons,.... 261 John L. Viele, 143 

S. Van Rensselaer, Jr. 342 

Assistants. John Van Ness, Jr. . 266 John Trotter, 127 

Daniel Carmichael,. 262 J. Patterson, 148 

Sept. 26. William Lawrence died, aged 30. 

Sept. 27. Stephen Loker died, aged 84. 

Sept. 30. Louis Lemet, formerly keeper of the State 
street House, 82 State street, died in New York, aged 53. 
He had also been an engraver, and a noted copperplate 
printer. He was a Frenchman by birth. 

Oct. 2. Daniel L. Van Antwerp died, aged 60. 

Oct. 8. Melinda, wife of Jared Scovel, died, aged 49. 

It was stated that the Watervliet turnpike cost $16,666 
a mile. The Daily Advertiser conceived that it would 
have been better to have built a rail road at a cost of 
$10,000 a mile. 

Oct. 13. Frances, wife of Mr. Wm. Neill, formerly 
pastor of the First Presbyterian church, died at German- 
town, N. J., aged 45. She was the daughter of Gen. 
Joshua King, of Ridgefield, Conn. 

At this time William L. Mary was made responsible 
for the obstructions in the river at the Overslaugh, and 
the state of the navigation was daily chronicled at low 
water, for his political disadvantage. The Daily Adver- 
tiser also presented to its readers the picture of a pair 
of breeches, said to have been a true portraiture of the 
ones repaired at the expense of the state in the sum of 



258 Notes from the Newspapers. 

fifty cents while he was judge. Even Kelvin Grove, a very 
popular song of the day, was brought to bear against him, 
and was parodied, as follows: 

Let us haste to Marcy's Grove, 
Bonnie laddie O$ 
Through its mazes let us rove, 
Bonnie laddie O; 
Where his farm* in all its pride 
Spreads across the Hudson's tide a 
And the sloops lie side by side, 
Bonnie laddie 0. 
Another parody was as follows : 

Deserted by the famed small light,* 
When all around proclaims it night, 
On Marcy's farm all snug aground, 
The skipper looks distressed around, 
And hears the ripple, far away, 
And sighs for tides, and coming day. 

" What sticks there, captain? quickly tell!" 
U A sloop." 
"The deuce! 
"Goodnight! all's well." 

Or sailing towards the Bucken Plaat, 

The Overslaugh awhile forgot, 

The careful crew patrol the deck, 

To guard the sloop from threatened wreck, 

And while their thoughts oft homeward veer, 

They find the vessel will not steer. 

" What depth there, Captain? quickly tell !" 
4t Why, none!" 
"What! none! 
"Goodnight! all's well." 

Mr. Marcy, while in Congress, had voted with his party 
against all appropriation's for the improvement of har- 
bors and rivers as being unconstitutional. 

Oct. 18. Alexander Cameron died, aged 50. 

Oct. 19. John L. Viele died, aged 45. He represented 
Saratoga county in the Senate two terms, and was an 
intimate friend of De Witt Clinton. 

Oct. 20. Hamilton Blanchard died, aged 27. 

Oct. 25. Wm. McGlashan died at Catskill, aged 35. 

Oct. 26. Aaron Hand died, aged 59. 

*0verslaugh. fGovernor Enos T. Throop* 



Notes from the Newspapers. 259 

Nov. 1. Peter S. Schuyler died. 

Nov. 7. The great struggle of three days for the elec- 
tion of a governor, presidential electors, and congress- 
men, terminated in the defeat of the National republicans 
and Anti-masons, who combined against the Democrats 
and Andrew Jackson. The vote in the city was as fol- 
lows : 

NATIONAL REPUBLICANS. DEMOCRATS. 

Governor. Francis Granger, .. 1931 Wm. L. Marcy,* 2804 

Lt. Gov. Samuel Stevens,... 1919 John Tracy, 1836 

Senator. Fr. Bloodgood, .... 1 900 P. Gansevoort, 3 865 

Congress. Ambrose Spencer,. . 1925 G. Y. Lansing, 1863 

Assembly. S. V. Rensselaer,Jr. J 907 Livingston, 1885 

Nov. 9. It was announced that Mrs. Thompson, a lady 
of eminent talent, would preach in the building corner 
of State and Lodge streets, used temporarily as a Method- 
ist Protestant church, and that the meeting was expected 
to continue for three or four days. 

Nov. 13. Snow fell. 

A meeting of citizens was held at the City Hall, to 
consider upon a mode of relief for the citizens of the Cape 
De Verd islands, who were suffering from famine. Com- 
mittees were appointed to solicit donations in money and 
provisions. 

Nov. 18. Margaret, wife of James Gough, died, aged 21. 
John Lovejoy died at Gray, Me., aged 69. 

Nov. 26. Peter P. Van Wie died, aged 48. 

Dec, 3. The common council held an election of offi- 
cers and appointed 

Levi Palmer, clerk, 

H. G. 0. Rogers, marshal, 

John Davis, attorney. 

Dec. 11. Spencer S. Rudes died, aged 25. 

Dec. 13. Jesse G. Brush died, aged 33; of the firm of 
Morgan & Brush, and an alderman of the first ward. 

Dec. 19. William James, an eminent Albany merchant, 
died, aged 63. He had long occupied a conspicuous po- 

*The county gave Mr. Marcy 49 majority; Gansevoort 96; Lan- 
sing 181; Jackson electoral ticket 104. 



260 Notes from the Newspapers. 

sition among the merchants of the city, and as a liberal 
and enlightened citizen. Prosperous almost beyond par- 
allel, his career exemplified how surely strong and prac- 
tical intellect, with unremitted perseverance will be 
accompanied by success. Of unaffected manners, gener- 
ous, hospitable, public-spirited, open ever to the claims 
of charity, prompt to participate in any enterprise of 
general utility or benevolence, Mr. James enjoyed, as he 
deserved, the sincere respect and esteem of his fellow- 
citizens, and his loss was rightly considered as a public 
calamity. 

Dec. 20. Joseph Rasey, a soldier of the Revolution, 
died, aged 70. 

Dec. 27. At a meeting of the common council, the re- 
corder presiding, Francis Bloodgood was elected mayor. 

The cost of the City Hall was reported at $92,336-91, 
of which the county paid $7,500. 

Dec. 29. Prudence, wife of John F. Bacon, died, aged 
40. 

1833. 

Jan. 1. The legislature met, and the message of Gov. 
Marcy was read. 

Francis Bloodgood, on being inducted into office as 
mayor, made a speech, of which the following is a part : 

The anticipations which we have formed of the growth 
and prosperity of our city, seem fast realizing. None in 
the Union of its class, has surpassed it, either in the 
augmentation of its business, wealth, or population. The 
construction of extensive wharves, the removal of hills, 
the opening of streets, the erection of private and public 
buildings, the increase of our commerce, the general 
soundness of our public institutions, all speak a language 
not to be misunderstood. Connected with this interest- 
ing view of our prosperity, is another subject, that a 
regard to further improvement should induce us par- 
ticularly to watch over and regulate the expenditure of 
the public money, and the diminution of the city debt, as 
far as practicable. Heavy taxes retard the growth of 



Notes from the Newspapers. 261 

any place, and they have been severely felt by us in many 
instances, on former occasions. At one time our debt 
was very large. In the year 1816 it amounted to $271, 
392. From that period to 1824, it was gradually reduced 
to the sum of $243,667. In the following year it was 
again increased to the sum of $255,400, and from that 
time to the first of May 1831, it was diminished to the 
sum of $142,000, of which, at that time, $60,000 bore 
an interest of 5 per cent, and the residue of 6 per cent; 
when $75,000 was by a financial arrangement reduced to 
a 5 per cent interest also, leaving $7000 only, payable in 
1839, at an interest of 6 per cent. The city debt has no 
doubt increased during the past year, owing to the 
calamity which afflicted it; but the corporation have it 
within their power, I trust, with their resources, as from 
the receipts of the ferry, from excise, from the city tax, 
from dividends on stocks, from the avails of the lottery, 
and from the repayment of the sums advanced and ex- 
pended for the repairs and improvements of streets, 
gradually to diminish the amount. 

By the death of Jesse G. Brush, the partnership under 
the name of A. M. Strong was dissolved, consisting of 
Samuel Morgan, J. G. Brush, and A. M. Strong, dealing 
in dry goods, corner of State and South Market, streets, 
now Douw's Building. 

Jan. 5. A steam boat arrived from New York with the 
mails. A severe rainstorm began in the evening. 

Jan. 8. The cars of the Hudson and Mohawk railroad 
commenced running from State street. A car was drawn 
by a single horse to the junction of the road with Lydius 
street, about two miles, when the train was taken by the 
locomotive. The stock at this time was selling at $! 
25; that of the Schenectady and Saratoga road at $1*05. 

Jan. 10. The steam boat Wadsworth left at noon for 
New York, warned by the rapidly falling of the thermome- 
ter, and the river was again closed a few hours afterward. 

Jan. 13. William Nutt died, aged 48. He was the 
second husband of the famous Mrs. Pye (see Annals, 
v. 11.) 

[Annals, ix.] 23 



262 Notes from the Newspapers, 

Jan. 14. Abraham Bice died, aged 28. 

Jan. 15. Mary, daughter of John Hazard and wife of 
TilJy Allen, died, aged 41. 

Jan. 19. Catharine, wife of C. T. Van Alstyne and 
daughter of Isaac Burton, died at Stuyvesant. 

Jan. 21. A fire in Orange street destroyed the malt 
house of Robert Dunlop. 

At a meeting of the common council the chambeilain 
submitted a report of the expenses incurred during the 
prevalence of the cholera, which amounted to $18,000. 

Jan. 24. Anthony Egberts of Coeymans died, aged 80. 

A large meeting was held at the City Hall, on the 
subject of the president's message, concerning South 
Carolina, and the tariff. Judge Savage officiated as pre- 
sident, Jesse Buel and Benj. Knower as vice presidents, 
and John Townsend and Rufus H. King as secretaries. 
It was as usual termed the greatest public meeting ever 
held in the city, and seems to have been participated in 
by all parties. But two sets of resolutions having been 
framed for the occasion there was a disagreement, and a 
party left the City Hall and went over to the Capitol to 
organize another meeting. 

Jan. 25. Henry Yates died, aged 37. 

Jan. 27. Winfield Scott Yates, son of Dr. C. C. Yates, 
died in New "iork, aged 18; a native of Albany, and an 
extraordinary proficient in various branches of learning. 

Jan. 29. Simeon Adams died, aged 61. 

Feb. 3. Anna Pruyn died at her residence corner of 
North Pearl street and Maiden lane, aged 70 years and 
six months; she was a member of the Second Dutch 
church, and universally esteemed for her devoted piety 
and Christian virtues. 

The Mission House in Spring street was established 
about this time. The first trustees were Charles Dillon, 
Levi Silliman and John Lossing. 

John B. Quackenbush, formerly of Albany, died at 
Gettysburg, Pa.; a printer. 

Feb. 13. Robert Gibbeny died, aged 62. 

Mrs. Eliza Le Breton, daughter of Nathan Sanford, 
died, aged 30. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 263 

Yates & Me Intyre announced that they would dis- 
continue the lottery business after the present year. 

At a meeting of the common council, in arguing the pro- 
position to divide the city into ten wards, it was stated 
that the object of the movement was that the city might 
have 10 supervisors ; that there were 9 supervisors from 
the country, and only 5 from the city, which was disad- 
vantageous to the latter. 

James P. Gould was appointed assistant engineer of 
the fire department. 

Feb. 19. Sarah, wife of Benjamin Knower and mother- 
in-law of governor Marcy, died, aged 56. 

Sarah S., wife of Calvin Pierson, died, aged 35. 

It appears by a report to the legislature that the cost 
of constructing the Mohawk and Hudson rail road was 
$42,600 per mile; while the Schenectady and Saratoga 
cost $22,000. 

March 1. A copartnership was formed between James 
and Archibald Me CJure and George Dexter, in the drug 
and medicine business. 

March 2. Clarissa L., wife of John Pemberton died, 
aged 25. Wm. Harrison Jr. died, aged 23. 

March 4. Sarah Maria, wife of Gilbert Vandenbergh, 
died. 

Walter Cornell, member of assembly from Washington 
County, died. 

Subscriptions were now being procured to erect a new 
edifice for the Albany Female Academy in Pearl street, 
which were successful; the efforts of the principal, Mr. 
Crittenton, resulting in the erection of the present 
Academy. 

March 7. Richard Clench died in Bethlehem, aged 26; 
son of Benj. V. Clench, formerly of Albany. 

The courts having set aside the apportionment of $98, 
808-55 for widening State street below Market street, a 
new one was submitted to the common council, amount- 
ing to $91,010. 

March 10. Charles J. Reese died, aged 22. 

March 13. Susanna Ann Brown died, aged 26. 



264 Notes from the Newspapers. 

John C. Van Schoonhoven and Henry Rawles purchased 
the establishment recently conducted by George Dexter 
at No. 57 State street. 

March 18. John Wilson died, aged 39. It was claimed 
-for him that he was the best artist in the making of 
globes, not only in this country, but in the world; that 
he had improved the art to such an extent as to elicit the 
admission of even English manufacturers, that his globes 
were geographically and mechanically superior to their 
own. To this extraordinary skill he added the virtues 
Df honesty, humanity and generosity in an equally 
eminent degree. 

March 19. Maria, wife of Asa H. Centre, died in New 
York, aged 42. 

March 21. The ice moved away from the space before 
the city, and the water rose above the pier and docks. 

March 23. Nancy C. } wife of William Whipple, died, 
aged 26. 

March 28. Paul Cushman died, aged 78. 

April 10. Mrs. Charity Oakey died, aged 73. 

April 13. Ruth Dakin, wife of Lynot Bloodgood, died. 

April 17. Samuel T. Penny* died. He was a native of 
England, had resided in this city about thirty years, and 
was noted for his biblical knowledge and eccentricities, 

*Penny married a widow Rebecca Rhino (rather a curious con- 
junction of names), who had considerable property, some of which he 
soon squandered; in consequence of which and his vagaries besides, 
she obtained a divorce from him in the state of Vermont, whither she 
went to reside for a while with that purpose. On her return to Al- 
bany she opened quite a large dry good store in the building now No. 
585 Broadway, where she transacted an extensive business, while 
Penny kept a store a few doors above in the same street. Both of 
their names appear, as merchants, in Fry's Directory of 1S13. She 
resumed her ibrmer name, and many of our oldest citizens will remem- 
ber Mrs. Rhino's Cheap Store, and the crowds of customers she at- 
tracted thither. 

In his latter days Penny became quite poor, and mended umbrellas 
for a living. He went from house to house collecting them, and was 
rarely seen except with a bundle of old umbrellas under his arm, 
striding along the streets and clearing the sidewalks of all the young- 
sters in his way. With them, Old Penny and Old Umbrellas were 
synonymous terms. P. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 265 

the latter the effect of partial insanity. He was buried 
in the cemetery of the First Methodist church. 

April 18. Hannah, wife of Joseph Badgley, died, 
aged 52. 

April 22. Wm. Meadon died, aged 46. 

The proprietors of the Athenaeum determined to close 
that institution for want of adequate patronage. 

April 25. Elizabeth, wife of Reuben Fuller, died, aged 
43. 

April 26. Staats Cuyler died, aged 32. 

May 1. Azor Taber and Amos Dean formed a law 
partnership. 

May 2. Mary Ann, wife of George G. Johnson of Cana* 
joharie and daughter of Robert Ruby, died, aged 26. 

May 11. The Rev. Horatio Potter was installed rector 
of St. Peter's Church, by Bishop Onderdonk. 

May 16. A freshet which began two days previous 
was now at its greatest height and produced much loss 
and damage. South Market street was impassable below 
Hamilton street, and carts and yawls plied their amphi- 
bious vocations at the rate of 6d a passenger. The vege- 
tation on the island was wholly destroyed. Besides the 
damage to property, which was serious beyond reccollec- 
tion, there was also loss of life. 

The island at the south part of the city consisting of 
about 160 acres, was at this time occupied by 11 families, 
deriving their support from the vegetables raised thereon. 
The recent flood entirely destroyed the crops, and they 
sustained a loss of nearly $6000. They were equally 
unfortunate in the previous year when owing to the 
prevalence of cholera, they were unable to dispose of the 
products of their gardens. 

May 17. Norris Fabell died, aged 30. 

Dr. G. V. Z. Platt died, aged 25. 

Charles, son of B. D. Packard, died, aged 18. 

May 18. Benjamin D. Packard, of the firm of Packard, 
Hoffman & White, died, aged 54. He was a bookseller, 
and had recently begun the publication of the Albany 
Evening Journal, of which he was the founder and sole 
proprietor, at the time of its commencement. 



266 Notes from the Newspapers. 

May 20. The common council determined by a vote of 
10 to 8, to allow the Ark to remain in the basin. An 
effort had been made for some time to remove it as a 
violation of law, and on the 1st July the board resolved 
that it should be removed, 8 to 7. 

The Ark was an immense floating store-house construct- 
ed in the basin, between the State street and Hamilton 
street bridges, capable of holding a large number of 
canal boat cargoes at one time. It was built by the 
Tow Boat companies to save storage on shore. When 
there were no river vessels on hand to receive freight 
from the canal it was deposited in the Ark until the tow 
boats arrived from below to take it in. The merchants 
and storers who hired warehouses on the wharves at high 
rents, complained loudly of this unfair interference with 
their legitimate business, and insisted on its removal. 
The defense was that it could not be taken out of the 
basin, there being at that time no outlet sufficiently large 
for the purpose. The Ark was finally broken up and 
taken away piece-meal. 

May 25. Eveline, wife of Cornelius Van Rensselaer 
and daughter of Leonard Gansevoort, died, aged 40. 

May 26. John, son of Chester Bulkley, died at Amherst, 
Mass., aged 19. 

May 28. Diana, wife of Wm. Me Clure, died, aged 25, 

June 2. John C. French died, aged 50. 

June 4. James L. Boardman died, aged 30. 

A fire in State street destroyed several rear buildings 
and spreading to Washington street, destroyed fifteen 
stores and dwellings. 

June 4. The common council raised the salary of the 
chamberlain to $1000, and that of the poor master to 
$500. At the same meeting they made arrangements for 
the reception of President Jackson, who was expected 
here on his northern tour. 

June 5. The demolition of the Vanderheyden house in 
North Pearl street was commenced, in order to make 
room for the Baptist church which now stands partly 
upon its site. 



Notes Jrom the Newspapers. 267 

June 7. Mary B., wife of Rev. David Brown and 
daughter of L. Cruttenden, died, aged 35. 

June 9. James Van Bramer died, aged 41. 

June 18. Joannah, wife of Cornelius A. Waldron, died, 
aged 41. 

June 23. John B. Southwick died, aged 28. He was 
a son of Solomon Southwick. 

June 24. The common council resolved, 8 to 5 to widen 
Hudson street from Union to Market streets, by taking 
14 feet on the south side. Spring street was directed to 
be opened from Hawk to Swan street. 

June 26. Mrs. Rachel Slingerland died, aged 83. 

June 30. Frederick Slecht died at Coeymans, aged 79. 
He was born at Helmstadt, in the dutchy of Brunswick, 
Lower Saxony, and served in the British army under 
Burgoyne, with whom he was taken at Saratoga. He 
was characterized as " a man of real merit, who by his 
industry acquired a good property, which he left to be 
enjoyed by a respectable family." 

June 31. William Martin died, aged 32. 

July 1. William Dunkley died, aged 76. 

July 2. Naomi, wife of H. A. Bancraft, died, aged 31. 

July 3d. Hezekiah Skinner, of the firm of Webster & 
Skinners, died at Hartford, aged 48. 

July 4. The day was celebrated with unwonted enthu- 
siasm and display. The declaration was read by J. V. 
L. Pruyn, and the oration was delivered by adjutant 
general Levi Hubbel. Twenty-four young ladies from 
Schenectady, each representing a state, sung Hail Colum- 
bia. Marshal of the day Col. Peter V. Shankland. The 
military, firemen and civic societies were out in fine 
display. 

July 10. Amantha, wife of Charles T. Smyth, died. 

The editor of the Daily Advertiser, from observation 
and inquiry, formed the opinion that the manufacture of 
iron castings was brought to greater perfection in Albany 
than in any other place in the country, or even in Europe. 
The hollow ware of Bartlett, Bent & Co., was preferred 
to the best Scotch; the stoves of Dr. Nott received the 



268 Notes from the Newspapers. 

preference wherever they were known, and the machin- 
ery castings of Many & Ward were equal to those of 
any foundery in the world. The quantity of castings 
produced was stated as follows: 

Howard, Nott& Co., 1000 tons. 

Bartlett, Bent & Co., 350 

I.& J. Townsend, 300 

Rathbone & Silliman, 200 

Many & Ward, 450 

2300 

About one thousand persons were employed in these 
establishments. Besides these productions, the house of 
Heermans, Rathbone & Co. sold annually 750 tons of stove 
plates brought from Philadelphia, and Gill, Cooper & Co. 
about 300 tons, from the same place. From the best in- 
formation that could be obtained, it was found that there 
were about 2300 tons manufactured and sold in the city, 
and about 1250 tons imported and sold here, making in 
all 3,550 tons. 

July 11. Thomas Atwood Bridgen died, aged 40. 
The subscription books for the stock of the New York 
and Albany rail road were opened at the Eagle tavern. 
July 16. The chamberlain of the city of Albany vs. 
James Blackall,was the title of a suit brought before the 
police court to recover the sum of $6 as a penaly for 
permitting three of the defendant's swine to go at large 
in the city of Albany. The jury consisted of Warner 
Daniels, foreman, James Hunter, Robert Strong, Robert 
Gill, Chester Judd, and Joseph Brown. The prosecu- 
tion was conducted by David Hosford ; the counsel for 
the defendant was Calvin Pepper. These were for a long 
time the most eminent counsel at the bar of the police 
and justices courts. There were many who professed 
strong doubts of the propriety and constitutionality of 
the law restraining swine from running at large, and 
who regarded the presence of hogs in the streets to be 
conducive to the general health of the city. They were 
particularly hostile to one John Baker, who brought this 
suit, and who had undertaken to impound all hogs found 






Notes from the Newspapers. 269 

in the streets as a chosen profession, and it was one which 
it was thought he was adapted to by nature as well as 
inclination.* The counsel for the defendant argued that 
the ordinance under which Baker acted, professed to be 
for the abatement of nuisances, when in fact it promoted 
infinitely greater nuisance by compelling owners to con- 
fine their hogs in narrow pens near their own dwellings 
and those of their neighbors; while it left the offal to 
rot and putrify either in houses or in the public streets, 
which these animals had been accustomed to consume. 
The unconstitutionality of the law, the hardships it im- 
posed upon the owners of the swine, the malpractices of 
the swine driver under the law, were all forcibly pre- 
senteo. The counsel for the complainant contended that 
if the Ikw was distasteful to the public, they must peti- 
tion for its repeal; but he repelled with becoming indig- 
nation the insinuation that Mr. Baker, the efficient, 
vigilant and faithful agent of the corporation, would 
himself impound the swine found at large, and afterwards 
turn them out of the pound for the purpose of making a 
further complaint: and that it was much more reason- 
able to suppose that the owners had themselves broken 
open the pound for the purpose of liberating their own 
property. 

Justice Cole submitted the cause to the jury without 
any charge or expression of opinion, and the jury forth- 
with returned a verdict for the defendant. 

July 18. James Dunlap died, aged 66. 

July 20. Eliza, wife of Hiram Perry, died. 

July 22. At a meeting of the common council, the 
mayor delivered a long speech concerning the proceed- 
ings of the Mohawk and Hudson rail road company in 
tearing up the street for the purpose of laying another 
track in State street, and concluded by recommending 
the prosecution of the company for an unlawful proceed- 
ing. The trial came on before Justice Cole on the 1st 
day of August, when the company was fined $10. 

*He received the name of Pig Baker, by which he goes lo this day. 



270 Notes from the Newspapers. 

July 25. The corner stone of the Universalist church 
in Green street was laid with appropriate ceremonies. 
An address was delivered by the pastor, Rev. Mr. Wil- 
liamson. 

The steam boat Fanny ran between Albany and New 
York, professedly in opposition to imposition ; fare $1, 
meals 25 cents. 

Aug. 5. At a meeting of the common council the mayor 
presented a long communication concerning the rail road 
entering the city through State street. It was submitted 
to a committee who reported that they thought the com- 
pany might safely be allowed to approach the basin from 
Gansevoort street under proper restrictions. 

Aug. 6. The mayor's court met, the recorder and 
aldermen B. P. Staats and E. W. Skinner on the bench. 
The jury was composed of the following persons : Rens- 
selaer Westerlo, foreman, John Trotter, John W. Bay, 
Jesse Howe, John Laisdell, Walter Clark, Edward R. 
Satterlee, Wm. W. Groesbeeck, Asaph Sykes, Wm. G. 
Fry, Benjamin Gilbert, John Norton, jr., Caleb N. Bement, 
Charles A. Hopkins, Joseph Webster, George T. Clark, 
James Hunter, John Gates. Twenty-seven indictments 
were found for various offences. The following resolu- 
tion was passed, ayes 12, noes 6: 

Resolved, That this grand jury do recommend to the 
corporation to change the Lancaster school house, into 
a work house for the benefit of the city and county of 
Albany. 

Among the structures that were being erected in un- 
usual numbers, at this time were the Stanwix Hall,* the 

^Stanwix Hall was first named The Pavilion, which was cut on a 
large stone tablet, on the Broadway front. After the buiding was 
nearly completed, the owners, whose father (Brig. Gen. Gansevoort, 
who died 1812) had distinguished himself in the defense of Fort Stan- 
wix (now Rome, Oneida co.) during the revolutionary war, changed 
it to its present name in his honor. Workmen were employed to 
alter the tablet accordingly. It was done rather privately behind a 
screen, so that very few knew what was going on until the screen 
was removed. P. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 271 

Female Academy and Baptist church in North Pearl street, 
the Universalist church in Green street, the Friends' 
meeting house in Plain street, the large building for a 
rail road depot in State street, now known as Van 
Vechten Hall. Messrs. I. & J. Townsend were building 
up Jay street, and Harmanus Bleecker was erecting a 
block of dwellings from Pearl to Chapel streets on Steu- 
ben street. Wm. P. Van Rensselaer was erecting a fine 
house in Elk street, and Charles L. Webb on the corner 
of Park place and Fayette street. Nothing had been 
seen before on so grand a scale. 
Aug. 7. John Malcolm died. 

Aug. 8. Charles F. Durant, the aeronaut, made an 
ascension in a balloon from Meeks's garden, corner of 
Swan and Fayette streets, at 5 o'clock in the afternoon; 
he was wafted in a southwesterly direction, and attained 
an altitude of about 5000 feet; alighting in New Scotland, 
12 miles from the city, at 6h. 47m. 
Aug. 15. Jane Keown died, aged 43. 
Aug. 19. At a meeting of the common council the 
navigation committee recommended the removal of the 
obstructions in the river at the Overslaugh ; whereupon 
the board appropriated $1000 to that purpose to be paid 
when a like sum should be raised by subscription. 

The city surveyor reported that the expense of raising 
the grade of that part of the city lying below Ferry street 
and east of South Pearl would be" from $50,000 to $60,000. 
Duncan McLachlan died, aged 55. 
Aug. 20. James McGlashan died, aged 30. 
In digging the foundation for the new livery stable of 
Wasson & Jewell in Middle lane, the workmen found a 
quantity of bomb shells which were charged with pow- 
der. A building, occupied as a military store house, 
stood here in the revolutionary war. It was owned by 
Philip Van Rensselaer, who atterwards lived at Cherry 
hill. He was a commissary during the revolution, and 
had charge of the public stures for the northern army, 
particularly during the years 1776 to 1778. After the 
war, this building was suffered to fall into decay, and 



272 Notes from the Newspapers. 

the cellar filled with water, It was said that when tbe 
old artillery company was formed, soon after peace was 
restored, the state having no field pieces to supply them, 
with, a suggestion was made by some one who had been 
in Mr. Van Rensselaer's service, that there was probably 
one or more iron cannon among the rubbish in this old 
store house, and search having been made, two iron four 
pounders were found in the cellar and taken out. They 
were- fitted up and used until the state replaced them 
with brass field pieces. It was one of these guns which 
became famous in the hands of Jonathan Kidney, and 
was long used for firing salutes from Robison's hill on 
all suitable occasions. He called it The Clinton, in honor 
of George Clinton. It was drawn up in Green street in 
1788 to be discharged upon the federal procession. (See 
vol. i, 335.) 

Wasson & Jewell bad been obliged to give up their 
location on the corner of Maiden lane and Dean street 
in consequence of the erection of a part of Stanwix Hall 
upon it. These premises had been in use as a livery 
stable by various persons since 1807, and it was proba- 
bly the first establishment of the kind in Albany. Pre- 
vious to that time a brewery stood there. Before the 
revolution and up to the period of its demolition in 1807, 
it was known as Harme (Harmen) Gansevoort's brewery, 
and many a barrel of good beer, made of wheat, has been 
brewed on that spot. It was a pleasantry with the old 
people of those times, to say that when the brewer 
wanted to give a special flavor to a choice brewing, he 
would wash his old leather breeches in it; showing that 
the slanders against Albany brewers and Albany ale is 
not a new thing but of considerable antiquity. So late 
as 1833, when the dome of Stanwix Hall was raised, the 
Dutchmen of that day called it old Harme Gansevoort's 
brew kettle turned upside down. The business appears 
to have been as lucrative a century ago as it now is, for 
old Harme Gansevoort died a very rich man. 

Sept. 4. Wiliam C. Sloan, formerly of Albany, died in 
New York, aged 37. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 273 

Sept. 5. At a meeting of the common council a reso- 
lution was offered to permit the rail road company to 
continue their road through the streets from Gansevoort 
to the basin. It was opposed by Messrs. Groesbeck and 
Van Vechten; the vote was adverse, as follows: Aye, 
Messrs. Cornell, Corning, Norton, Staats, Stevens, 5; 
No, Messrs. Gould, Groesbeck, Porter, Robison, Skinner, 
Van Vechten, Van Rensselaer, Van Ness, 9. 

Sept. 6. Margaret, wife of John H. Boyd, died, aged 34. 
The old brick dwelling at the northeast corner of State 
and North Pearl streets, well known as the Lydius house, 
owned by Messrs. James and George Dexter, was taken 
down for the purpose of erecting upon its site Apotheca^- 
ries Hall. 

Sept. 13. James Farrel died, aged 35. 
Sept. 24. Deborah G. Fry died, aged 30; daughter of 
Joseph Fry. 

Richard Briggs died, aged 27 . 

Sept. 24. The charter election took place, and the re- 
sult was a tie in the board of aldermen, each party hav- 
ing ten members in the board. 

REPUBLICAN. DEMOCRATIC. 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. J. L'Amoreux, 360 John E. Lovett, 395 

Joseph Fry, 365 Levi Cornell, 399 

Assistants. Angus McDuffy, . . . 389 George M. Stevens, ..... 370 

Wm. Lyons, 343 Wm. I. Winne, 373 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. I. L. Judson, 325 Seth Hastings, 392 

John Meads, 307 James D. Wasson, 383 

Assistants. Josiah Winants, .... 309 Thomas Lee, 389 

S. V. R. Humphrey, 327 Hiram Perry, 377 

Third Ward. 

Aldermen. Tennis Van Vechten, 166 Peter Gansevoort, 134 

Israel Williams, 160 C. A. Ten Eyck, 142 

Assistants. Arnold Nelson, .... 179 William White, 137 

Geo. McPherson,,... 166 J. Schoonmaker, . .... 121 
Fourth Ward. 

Aldermen. Friend Humphrey,. 388 Lemuel Steele, 400 

Jared L. Rathbone, . 402 James Maher, . . . 411 

[Annals, ix.] 24 



274 Notes from the Newspapers. 

REPUBLICAN. DEMORATIO. 

Assistants. James Robinson, ... 402 James G.Mather, 404 

W. W. Dougherty,. 391 F. Murdock, 399 

Fifth Ward. 

Aldermen. S. Van Rensselaer, Jr. 224 J. N. Quackenbush, 229 

James Gibbons, 233 Harman V. Hart, 211 

Assistants. John Van Ness, Jr. . 233 Heman A. Fay, 215 

Wm. Gillespie, .... 228 J. V. Volkenburgh, 220 

Sept. 25. Allen Murphy died at New Orleans, formerly 
proprietor of the Adelphi hotel in Albany. The Adelphi 
hotel was in the old Commercial bank building. The 
entrance to the hotel was on the east side, towards South 
Market street. The whole building, excepting the bank- 
ing room and one store in front, was occupied by the 
hotel. 

Sept. 29. A sermon was preached in the Second Dutch 
church by the Rev. B. T. Welch, and a collection taken 
up for the Orphan Asylum, amounting to $245*57. 

A petition of citizens having been made to the common 
council to abolish the Lancaster school and establish nine 
school houses in as many districts of the city, Mr. Corn- 
ing, chairman of the special committee on the subject, 
reported in favor of the project. It appears that the 
trustees of the several school districts had taken a census 
of the children over 5 and under 16 years of age, and 
found 6,217, of which 3,575 had been taught by 34 teach- 
ers, in the schools under the care of the board of school 
commissioners, at an expense of about $6000. As it was 
evident that the whole 6,217 could not be taught in the 
Lancaster school and the three district school houses 
already erected, the committee thought it expedient and 
economical to erect six more buildings, which should serve 
for school and engine houses, after the plan of the one 
then in use for those purposes in the second district, and 
submitted a resolution "That the committee on applica- 
tions to the legislature be instructed to apply for a law 
authorizing the corporation to dispose of the Lancaster 
school house and lots, and apply the proceeds to the 
erection of a smaller Lancaster school and school district 
and engine buildings, and to exempt them from the pay- 



Notes from the Newspapers. 275 

ment of $500 per annum from the excise fund for the 
support of the same." 

The memorialists reminded the board that by the acts 
of the legislature of 1818, 1820, 1822, 1826, and 1828, 
and donations of the common council, the sum of nearly 
$200,000, principal and interest, had been contributed to 
establish the Academy, which gave an education to one 
or two hundred young men of rich families, while the 
great body of the 6000 youth of humble rank, were neg- 
lected. They suggested that as the number which at- 
tended the Lancaster school had decreased to about 127, 
that the building should be sold, together with two engine 
lots and buildings, which it was thought would net 
$23,000, and that six school houses could be erected for 
$15,000, and a building for the Lancaster and African 
schools for $2,500 more. 

Oct. John Nugent died. 

Oct. 14. Mrs. Sarah S. Curtis died, aged 26. 

Oct. 15. Eliza, wife of Robert Harris, died. 

Oct. 18. John E. Evertsen died, aged 48. 

Oct. 28. Janet Grant died, aged 58. 

Oct. 29. Hugh Bradford died, aged 49. 

Oct. 31. Charles Herne died, aged 31. 

The trustees of the Albany Library gave public notice 
that by the timely contributions of several of their fel- 
low citizens they had been enabled to release their in- 
stitution from debt; and that, having received from the 
trustees of the Albany Female Academy a grant for four 
years of the free use of a very suitable room in their new 
building for the future accommodation of the library, its 
income would in future be appropriated to its support 
without being subject to any diminution for rent. This 
was the last of the Albany library. The trustees are 
not known to have acted since. The books belonging to 
it, some of which were valuable, were merged in the 
library of the Female Academy, where they still re- 
main. 

During this month, the great moral paintings, as they 
were termed, of Adam and Eve, were exhibited at the 



276 Notes from the Newspapers. 

City Hall, and attracted universal attention. The pro- 
fits of one day's exhibition were set apart for charitable 
uses, and the proceeds, $38, sent in to the common coun- 
cil, who entrusted the fund to the mayor for distribution. 

Nov. 2. John Me Gourkey died, aged 75. He took an 
active part in the revolution, and throughout his life 
maintained the character of an upright and respectable 
tiitizen. 

Nov. 4. The common council, on the remonstrance of 
nearly all the property owners interested, resolved to 
-suspend the opening of Hudson street above Eagle. 

Nov. 6. The election, which at this time was held 
three days, terminated in the success of the democratic 
ticket. The vote for members of assembly was as 
follows. 

DEMOCRATIC. REPUBLICAN. 

B. P. Staats, ............ 1500 H. G. Wheaton, .......... 1588' 

.A.Livingston, .......... 1717 S. Veeder, ............... 1620 

P.Williams, ............ 1708 D.Gallup, .............. 1414 

The returns from the towns in the country swelled the 
democratic majority to over 500. 

Nov. 7. Jacob Mancius, an old merchant, and formerly 
ipost master, died at his residence in Montgomery street. 

Nov. 9. Addison Mandell, formerly an attorney in this 
city, died at his residence in West Florida, aged 41. 

Nov. 12. A fire broke out in the wooden building of 
Aaron Lyon, in Pine street, which destroyed also Archer's 
"tavern on the corner of Pine and Eagle, and two other 
wooden buildings adjoining on the east. These buildings 
occupied the site of the State Hall. The loss was about 



Eliza, wife of James Taylor, died. 

Nov. 14. Henry Clay arrived in the city and was 
received with great ceremony by his friends and the 
people. He was escorted to the Eagle Tavern where he 
was addressed by the mayor in behalf of the board, by 
Ambrose Spencer in behalf of the elder citizens, and by 
J. B. Van Schaick in behalf of the young men of the city. 
On the following day he visited the City Hall and other 
places, and left the city in the afternoon. At the City 



Notes from the Newspapers. 277 

Hall he was presented by the young men of the city 
through Amos Dean, Esq., with a splendid cloak of 
American cloth, made up in the short space of three 
hours, by Messrs. Relyea & Wright, which was much 
admired by Mr. Clay, but is not paid for to this day. 

Nov. 15. A fire in Water street destroyed a wheel- 
wright shop and stable. 

Notice was given of an application to the legislature 
for the incorporation of the City Bank of Albany, with 
a capital of $500,000. The following names were signed 
to the notice : Chauncey Humphrey, John H. Prentice, 
Albert Gallup, James Horner, S. S. Fowler, Egbert 
Egberts, Martin Van Alstyne, William Seymour, G. W. 
Ryckman, James Roby Jr., Thomas M. Burt, John L. 
Schoolcraft, John Knower. 

The Mohawk and Hudson rail road company extended 
their track down the center of State street. The common 
council had relieved them of this unnecessary expense, 
but the majority of the stock was owned in New York, 
and the directors found that the law of the legislature re- 
quiring the track to be laid could not be annulled by the 
city board, and they were apprehensive that their failure 
to comply strictly with the terms of their charter, re- 
quiring the track to be laid before a certain day, would 
reinvest the turnpike company with rail road privileges. 

The inhabitants of the upper part of Washington street 
inclosed the gore formed by the divergence of the turn- 
pikes, with a fence, and named the inclosure Washington 
park, contemplating a statue of Washington to ornament 
the same. But the city laws designated the place as 
Townsend park. 

Nov. 26. A large number of prominent citizens, learn- 
ing that Benjamin F. Butler was about to leave the city 
to fill an important office under the general government, 
tendered him their regrets. 

Nov. 29. Dorothy, wife of Job J. Williams, died, 
aged 30. 

Nov. 30. Sally, wife of William Simpson, died, aged 52. 

Dec. 1. A meeting of citizens was called at the City 
Hall to take into consideration the propriety of memori- 



278 Notes from the Newspapers. 

alizing congress for an appropriation to remove obstruc- 
tions in the river. At a meeting of the common council 
on the following evening it was determined to send an 
agent to Washington to present a memorial to congress 
and to use his influence to promote the passage of an 
appropriation. The board designated William Seymour 
such agent unanimously. 

Dec. 4. Charles B. Webb died, of the firm of H. & C. 
Webb & Co. 

Israel Smith, treasurer of the Infant school society, 
reported that the society maintained three schools, having 
in general attendance nearly 400 scholars; that the 
salaries of the six teachers amounted to $1050 per annum ; 
other expenses $100. 

Dec. 5. Abraham Oake, late of Albany, died in New 
York, aged 85. 

Dec. 8. John T. Rockwell died, aged 30. 

Dec. 10. Mrs. Ann Doyle died, aged 85. 

A person, who enshrouded himself with some mystery, 
under the name of the Wandering Piper, appeared in 
Albany, and gave two exhibitions at the Lancaster school 
house, Dec. 13 and 14. 

A meeting of the young men of the city was held at 
the Mayor's Court room, for the purpose of organizing a 
young men's association for mutual improvement. On 
motion of Amos Dean, Esq., Charles A. Hopkins was 
called to the chair, and Win. Greene and Sidney Sawyer 
appointed secretaries. Mr. H. Hart explained the objects 
of the meeting, and a constitution was adopted and 
presented for signatures. 

At an adjourned meeting of the association, held at 
the same place on the 13th, 220 members present, Amos 
Dean was elected president. 

Robert E. Ward, 1st. vice president. 

William Jackson, 2d vice president. 

Robert L. Kearney, 3d vice president. 

Theodore Olcott, treasurer. 

William Greene, recording secretary. 

John B. Van Schaick, corresponding secretary. 






Notes from the Newspapers. 279 

Philo K. Cole, Daniel Campbell, William Parmalee, 
Sidney Sawyer, Walter R. Bush, Dennison Worthington, 
Samuel B. Woodruff, Charles Woodhouse, William E. 
Bleecker, Henry Hart, managers. 

Dec. 13. The river closed. 

Dec. 18. The committee of the board of supervisors 
appointed for the purpose, advertised that they would 
receive proposals for a suitable plot of ground for the 
erection of a workhouse and jail; the plot to be from 100 
to 200 feet wide, and from 200 to 300 feet long, not ex- 
ceeding half a mile from the City Hall. 

Dec. 20. John Bleecker died, aged 70. 

Dec. 24. Emily, wife of Wm. Carpenter, died, aged 37. 

Dec. 30. Hannah, wife of Jonathan Kidney, died, aged 
69. 

George McPherson, alderman of the third ward, died. 

1834. 

Jan. 1. A meeting of the common council was held, at 
which Erastus Corning was qualified as mayor. 

William S. Shepherd died, aged 26. 

Duncan Me Leod died. 

Jan. 7. Hon. D. D. Barnard delivered the introductory 
lecture before the Young Men's Association, in Knicker- 
backer Hall. 

The legislature met, and the governor, William L. 
Marcy, transmitted his annual message to the senate, 
and Azariah C. Flagg, secretary of state, administered 
the oath of office to the members of assembly. 

A fire near the corner of South Market and Church 
streets destroyed a clothing store. 

Jan. 8. A petition was presented to the legislature for 
the incorporation of the Albany City Bank. 

Jan. 9. Sarah, wife of John Cross, died, aged 41. 

Jan. 21. Francis Low died, aged 53. 

John Charles died, aged 32. 

A fire destroyed the morocco factory of Abram Covert 
in Fox street. Loss estimated at $7000; insured for 
$5000. 




280 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Jan. 24. Cornelia, widow of the late Chancellor Lan- 
sing, died, aged 76. 

Jan. 27. At a meeting of the common council Hezekiah 
Sage, who had a contract for excavating Gallows hill, 
petitioned the board to release him one eighth of that 
territory. 

A deed of confirmation was granted to the Roman 
Catholic church of their lot. 

George W. Welch was appointed superintendent of the 
Alms house. 

Ann, widow of Dr. Wm. Van Beuren, died. 

Jan. 30. An election for alderman and assistant was 
held in the third ward to fill vacancies occasioned by the 
death of assistant Me Pherson, and the resignation of 
alderman Van Vechten. The following is a report of 
the votes. 

I. W. Staats, 139 AllenBrown, 134 

John W. Bay, 143 W. White, 130 

Jan. 31. Peter Me Intosh died, aged 66. 

Feb. 5. Mary, wife of Benj. V. Clench, died, aged 67. 
She was the only daughter of William Shepherd, a well 
known armorer for the American forces in the revolution- 
ary war, although a loyalist. 

Feb. 8. A fire broke out in the upper story of the old 
City Hall, corner of South Market and Hudson streets, 
in a dissecting room, where the unusual phenomena of 
two bodies were found by the firemen. 

Feb. 19. Mrs. Ann Clark died, aged 60. 

Feb, 24. The river was open, and the Constellation 
arrived on the day following. 

Eliza, wife of Nicholas Efner, died, aged 24. 

Feb. 28. A fire broke out in Washington street, No 55, 
occupied by James Brown & Sons, tailors; loss $1000. 

March 3. A brick house in State street continued was 
damaged by fire to the amount of $500. 

William Forest, sometime associated with William 
Duflfey in the management of the Albany theatre, died at 
Philadelphia. He was a brother of Edwin Forest, the 
tragedian. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 281 

March 5. The paper hanging establishment of Lemuel 
Steele was partially destroyed by fire ; loss nearly $3000. 

March 10. At a meeting of the common council Peter 
Allenson, who represented himself to be in poor circum- 
stances, and to have been long a resident, petitioned to be 
employed in making coffins for the poor, and lamp posts 
when needed. 

Alderman Wasson reported a bill to amend the law 
preventing hogs from running at large, providing a fine 
of $3 for hogs running at large unless ringed. Great 
stress was laid upon the hardships imposed upon the 
poor by shutting up the swine. 

March 16. Asenath, wife of Henry Hoyt, died, aged 31. 

March 18. A very large meeting of citizens opposed to 
the measures of the administration of Andrew Jackson, 
more particularly in respect to the removal of the public 
deposits from the United States bank, was held at the 
Capitol at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The names signed 
to the call embraced a great many who had long sided 
with the democratic party. To render the occasion more 
impressive many merchants in the business streets 
closed their shops during the meeting. 

March 22. Frances H., wife of Henry L. Webb, died, 
aged 20. 

March 23. Nathan Allen, late of Albany, died at Hud- 
son, aged 30. 

April 5. Hunter & Hoffman issued a new daily paper, 
under the title of The Daily News, intended to be issued 
at 12m., and to contain the leading items of news, and 
to be entirely divested of a party character. 

April 7. At a meeting of the common council George 
W. Carpenter was elected city surveyor, and Joseph 
Fisk city marshal. 

The masons at work on the new jail had a strike. 

April 18. John Fraser died, aged 22. 

April 19. William Johnson died, aged 52. 

April 20. Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Lightbody, 
died, aged 18. 

April 21. William Mesick died, aged 38. 



282 Notes from the Newspapers. 

April 22. Jane, daught. of Rob. Cameron, died, aged 21. 

April 23. The bill to incorporate the Albany City 
bank passed the senate 23 to 7 ; it had previously passed 
the house of assembly. 

April 25. Solomon D. Townsend died, formely a 
merchant in this city. 

The national republicans and anti masons having 
united against the democrats took the name of whigs and 
denominated their opponents tories. 

Solomon Southwick published A Layman's Apology 
for the Appointment of Clerical Chaplains by the Legis- 
lature, a series of letters which he had published originally 
in the newspapers under the signature of Sherlock. It 
was intended to refute the arguments of Thomas Hertell, 
who attempted to procure the exclusion of chaplains 
from the legislature. 

May 1. The firm of Webster & Skinners was dissolved, 
Charles R. Webster retiring from business, and the other 
partners, E. W. & C. Skinner continuing. 

May 6. At an election held on this day, the following 
officers were chosen: 

WHIG. DEMOCRATIC. 

First Ward. 

Supervisor. Angus McDuffie, . . 609 Barent P. Staats, 404 

Assessor . . . Green Hall, 605 George M. Stevens, 411 

Second Ward. 

Supervisor. Ichabod L. Judson, . 459 John I. Burton, 377 

Assessor. . . Hazael Kane, 467 Daniel S. Kittle, 365 

Third Ward. 

Supervisor. Egbert Egberts, ... 202 E. R. Satterlee, 117 

Assessor. . . Efihu Russell, 195 John F. Porter, 123 

Fourth Ward. 

Supervisor. Daniel Wilcox, .... 479 Samuel S. Fowler, 420 

Assessor . . . Philip Hooker, 483 Lewis Farnham, 415 

Fifth Ward. 

Supervisor. John Van Ness, Jr., 298 John N. Quackenbush, . . 256 
Assessor. . . Benjamin Wilson, on both tickets. 

The aggregate number of votes cast was 3,621. 

The legislature adjourned, after a session of four 
months and six days. 

William Stilwell died, aged 64 years 8 months. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 283 

The stable of John Townsend was burnt in the evening, 
and about midnight a fire broke out in the shop of Mat- 
thew Kline in Middle lane, which destroyed several 
dwellings and stores adjoining on North Market and Co- 
lumbia streets. 

May 7. George Ramsey died, aged 36. 

May 11. A sermon was preached by the Eev. Dr. 
Sprague and a collection taken up in aid of the Polish 
exiles which were in this city. In consequence of the 
inclemency of the weather, the sermon was repeated at 
the Second Dutch church. 

May 12. The Albany Female Academy in North Pearl 
street was opened. 

May 17. Barent Visscher died, aged 22, son of the late 
John B. Visscher. 

May 18. George Scott died, aged 25. 

May 19. James Gough died, aged 84. 

June 9. The books for subscription to the stock of the 
Albany City bank, were opened, and $283,300 was sub- 
scribed, towards its capital of $500,000. The next day 
the subscriptions ran up to $678,200. On the third day 
the books were closed, the subscriptions amounting to 
$1,142,900. 

June 16. Sarah Ann, wife of Levi N. Bowlsby, died, 
aged 22. 

June 22. Donald McLeod died, "an old and respecta- 
ble inhabitant." 

June 24. Mrs. Mary Merrifield died, aged 78. 

June 25. Elizabeth Hun, wife of Bernard S. Van Rens- 
selaer, died. 

June 30. Capt. Stepen W. Johnson died, aged 86. 



(284) 



J. S. BUCKINGHAM IN ALBANY. 

[The British traveler, J. Silk Buckingham, who had 
visited during thirty years of an active life, a great por- 
tion of Europe, Asia and Africa, in the year 1837 began 
a tour of the United States, and on his return to Eng- 
land published his observations in eight volumes. He ar- 
rived in Albany in the latter part of June, 1 838, and gives 
the following account of the things he saw, and how they 
took his fancy.] 

From Catskill to Albany the river appeared narrower 
than below, and the banks become more tame in scenery; 
but they everywhere preserve the most exuberant fertility, 
and are thickly interspersed with towns, villages, ham- 
lets, and single dwellings. 

At five o'clock we came in sight of Albany, having 
passed several small villages and landing places on the 
way and rapidly approached the town. The appearance 
presented by it was interesting, and full of promise. 
The slope of the western bank, on which it stands, repre- 
sents a city rising upward from the shore of the river to 
an elevated ridge of land, and the number of towers 
and domes scattered among the general mass of dwellings 
one of them, that of the City Hall, having its surface 
gilded, and several others of a burnished and dazzling 
white, being overlaid with plating of zinc and tin, gave 
to the whole a very brilliant aspect. 

At half past five we reached the wharf, the boat having 
accomplished her voyage from New York, of about 150 
miles in a period often hours and a half, going therefore 
nearly fifteen miles an hour the whole way. This tri- 
umph of steam navigation is felt in its fullest force by a 
voyage upon the Hudson, and especially on arriving at 
Albany, as it is the very route on which the first 
experiment was made, the record of which is at once so 
affecting and so instructive that it can not be made too 
widely known. 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 285 

If Fulton and his then doubting friends could but be 
raised from the dead, and witness now the triumphs of 
steam on the Hudson and the Mississippi, the Ganges, the 
Indus, the Tigris, the Euphrates, and the Nile, and still 
later, across the broad Atlantic, the sensations of both 
would be very different to those by which they were 
animated on the first experimental voyage. 

We landed at the outer wharf at Albany, amidst a 
crowd of competitors for the favor of conducting us to 
the hotel, the stage, or the rail road; and after crossing 
the long wooden bridge, which stretches across the basin 
of the great Erie canal, we drove to an excellent house in 
Pearl street, No. 59, formerly the residence of the late 
governor De Witt Clinton, in which, indeed, he ended 
his useful and honorable life and having comfortable 
accommodations provided for us there by Mrs. Lockwood, 
we took up our abode in one of the most agreeable homes 
that we had yet found since our landing in the United 
States. 

Albany ranks among the very earliest settlements of 
the Europeans on the continent of North America, hav- 
ing been first settled by the Dutch so early as the year 
1612. It was but three years before this, 1609, that the 
celebrated English navigator, Hudson, then in the service 
of the Dutch East India Company, set sail from the 
Texel in Holland, in search of a northwest passage to 
India. He was unable to accomplish this object, and oa 
abandoning it as impracticable, he steered southward, 
and entering the bay of the Chesapeake, there saw the 
first settlement of the English at Jamestown, in Virginia; 

He afterwards sailed for the Delaware, off which he 
anchored, and proceeded from thence to Long Island; 
entered the bay of New York, and sailed up the Nortb 
river, as it was first named, or Hudson, as it is now 
called after its first discoverer. 

While we were on our passage up from New York 
to Albany, I was repeatedly led to consider what must 
have been the feelings of the intrepid commander and his 
enterprising crew at the scenes of beauty and fertility 

[Annals, ix.] 25 



286 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

which were perpetually opening upon their sight during 
their advance up the stream, which they had every reason 
to believe that they were the first among Europeans to 
see and admire. Their delight must have been excessive; 
and the enthusiasm and triumph of the moment must have 
been worth a year of peril to purchase. 

It is said, that though at the first entrance of Hudson 
into the bay of New York, some of the tribes then occu- 
pying Long Island, evinced their hostility to his further 
progress, by attacks in which some of his men were 
killed and others wounded, yet that as he advanced up 
the river, he found the Indians less hostile; expressing by 
looks and signs, their disposition to give him welcome ; and 
testifying their spirit by presents of fruits and flowers. 

The report which Hudson and his companions gave, 
when they returned to Holland, of the size and character 
of the river, induced the Dutch merchants to form an 
association for opening a traffic upon it; and the Dutch 
government granted to this association a monopoly of 
this trade for a certain period. 

It was by this company, that the first settlement was 
formed where Albany now stands, on a spot then called 
by the Indians Schaunaugh-ta-da, or Once the Pine 
Plains. The Dutch here built a fort which was command- 
ed by Henry Christiaens. It was first called Aurania, 
till 1620, then Beverwick till 1625, then Fort Orange 
till 1647, and then Williamstadt, till 1664. It was at 
once a fort and a factory of trade, and, like other places 
of this description, advanced gradually in population, 
and commerce. 

It is worthy of remark, that the English puritans who 
first settled in Massachusetts, originally intended to have 
sailed from Leyden where they were in exile in 1620, for 
the Hudson river, on whose banks they contemplated 
making their home. But the Dutch, anxious to prevent 
English settlers intruding upon their own colonists, and 
at the same time unwilling to make any formal opposition 
to their voyage, for fear of offending the British, are said 
to have bribed the Dutch captain, in whose ship they 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 287 

embarked from Holland, to carry them so far to the 
northward that they could not reach the river; and hence 
their first landing and settlement was made on the coast 
of the Massachusetts. 

It was in 1621 that the foundation of the city of Albany 
was first laid by the Dutch West India Company, who 
about the same time, founded the city of New Amsterdam , 
on the island of Manhattan, where New York now stands, 

The Dutch settlers at Albany extended themselves 
gradually from hence eastward into Connecticut, and 
coming there into collision with the English, disputes 
arose- among them on subjects sufficiently trivial and 
ludicrous. A formal record of the alleged grievances 
was kept by the Dutch, and Mr. Grahame* has preserved, 
in a note to his interesting and valuable history, an 
extract from this chronicle, in which, as he truly says, 
"the insignificance of many of these complaints, and the 
homeliness of the subject matter of others, contrast some- 
what ludicrously with the pompousness of the titles, and 
the bitter gravity of the style." Among them are the 
following: 

"April 25, 1640. Those of Hartford have not only 
usurped and taken in the lands of Connecticut, but have 
also beaten the servants of their High Mightinesses and th e 
honored company, with sticks and plough-staves in 
hostile manner laming them ; and among the rest, struck 
Evert Deukings a hole in his head with a stick, so that 
the blood ran very strongly down his body." 

" June 24, 1641. Some of Hartford have taken a hog out 
of the common, and shut it up out of mere hate, or other 
prejudices, causing it to starve for hunger in the stye." 
" May 20, 1642. The English of Hartford have violently 
cut loose a horse of the honored company that stood 
bound upon the common." 

" May 23, 1642. The said English did again drive the 
company's hogs from the common into the village and 
pounded them." 

* Grahame's History of the United States, vol. ii. p. 165. 



288 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

"September 16, 1642. Again they sold a young pig 
which had pastured on the company's lands." 

While these grievances were complained of by the 
Dutch, the same historian records a curious ground of 
complaint against the latter, and the Swedes, who had 
settled parts of the country, with them. It was said that 
several of the Indians attended the religious assemblies 
of the Europeans, " but with so little edification, that they 
expressed their amazement at the ill-breeding of the 
orator, who could exercise the patience of his tribe with 
such lengthened harangues, without repaying their civility 
by a distribution of brandy." 

In 1664, Charles the second, most unjustly seeking to 
(provoke the Dutch into a war, asserted a claim to the 
whole of their settlements on the Hudson, under the title 
of the New Netherlands, and made a grant, by charter, 
of the territory then actually occupied by the Dutch, to his 
brother, the Duke of York. Stuyvesant, the Dutch 
govenor, when he heard of this, and of the subsequent 
intention to enforce the claim by arms, put himself in the 
'best posture of defense he could; and when he received 
the summons of the English commander to surrender, 
communicated to him by a deputation, aft er remon- 
strating with them in vain as to their unjust pretensions, 
lie ended by saying, "As touching the threads in your 
conclusion, we have nothing to answer, only that we fear 
nothing, but what God (who is as just as merciful) shall 
lay up on us; all things being in his gracious disposal; and 
we may be as well preserved by him with small forces, as 
by a great army: which makes us to wish you all happiness 
and prosperity, and recommend you to his protection." 
The issue was, however, the ultimate surrender of New 
York and Albany, to the British authorities, which to*bk 
place in October, 1664, and in 1667 the territory was 
formally ceded by the Dutch to the British, in exchange for 
the colony of Surinam, which the Dutch had taken from 
the English. 

The increase of population in Albany, from the 
earliest period at which any census appears to have been 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany- 289 

taken, up to 1830, the last year of the decennial num- 
bering of the people, may be seen from the following 
figures. In 1790, it was 3,498 in 1800, 5,349 in 1810, 
9,356 in 1820, 12,630 in 1830, 24.?38. At present it 
is thought to exceed 30,000; and by 1840, the next year 
of the census, will probably be 40,000, more than, ten 
times its numbers 50 years ago. 

The rapid prosperity of Albany is not so much to be 
attributed to the fact of its being the legislative capital of 
the state of New York, for which its position is well 
adapted, as to the advantage it enjoys as the chief port 
of entrepot for almost all the exports and imports of the 
great maritime emporium at the mouth \>f its river, New 
York. This was the case to a certain extent, before the 
opening of the internal canals; but since these great 
channels have opened a highway from the Hudson to the 
lakes of the West, and by them to the noble rivers, Ohio 
and Mississippi, down to the gulf of Mexico, and by the 
Arkansas and Red river to the foot of the Rocky moun- 
tains, while Lake Champlain extends its water carriage 
towards the banks of the St. Lawrence, and the Hudson 
opens a way to the Atlantic; since these united advantages 
have been enjoyed by Albany, her wealth and population 
have grown with greatly increased rapidity ; and the name 
of De Witt Clinton, the first projector of the internal 
communication, and of Fulton, the originator of steam 
navigation, are justly held in the highest veneration in 
the spot so much benefited by their joint labors. 

The state of New York, of which Albany is the capital, 
is called, by all Americans, the Empire State, from its 
territorial extent, its vast resources, its enlarged com- 
merce, its population, and consequent legislative influence. 
Its territory is 316 miles in length, and 304 miles in 
breadth. It contains 47,000 square miles, or 31,080,000 
acres. It is, therefore, larger in area than England, 
Wales and the Isle of Man united, as these are computed 
by Arrowsmith, in his Geography, to contain only 43,990 
square miles. 

The records respecting the early history of Albany are 



290 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

very scanty, and the field of the antiquary is consequently 
very limited. In a journal called the Schenectady Re- 
flector, some extracts are given from the earliest minutes 
of the Albany corporation, of which the following are 
examples. 

In 1746 the corporation ordered 6J to be paid to John 
Bell, the city whipper, for six months' services. 

In 1747 they direct a receipt to be signed by their 
clerk " for half a barrel of powder received from Sybrant 
G. Van Schaick, in lieu of the powder he borrowed from 
the corporation when the governor was here last." 

In 1748 they/>rdered '* Mr. Santvoort to pay Eobert 
Lottridge for two gallons of wine .that Mr. Miller bought 
upon the corporation account, when the governor came.'' 

These and many similar orders demonstrate that our 
Dutch burghers were good and faithful subjects to their 
English governors, besides paying a pretty good salary to 
their city whipper. 

Of the topography of this city, the legislative capital 
of the Empire State, it may be said, that its site is well 
chosen, being on the west bank of the river Hudson, with 
the lower portion of the city on a slightly ascending plain, 
near the stream, which makes it commodious for the 
transaction of business; while the gradually ascending 
angle by which it at length attains a steep ascent, and 
terminates in a lofty and commanding hill, is also favor- 
able to the imposing appearance of the city on approaching 
it, to the display of its public buildings at different 
degrees of elevation, to the convenience of the more 
opulent inhabitants who desire spacious and airy situations 
for their dwellings, and also to the general cleanliness 
and consequent salubrity of every part of the town. 

The plan of arrangement and subdivision is not so 
regular as many of the American cities, but, like New 
York and Baltimore, while its older parts are remarkably 
irregular, all its more modern laying out is as symme- 
trical as could be desired. The principal street, which 
ascends from the banks of the river and terminates at the 
foot of the Capitol on the hill, is a noble avenue of at least 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 291 

120 feet in breadth; Market street and Pearl street, by 
which this is intersected at right angles, as these streets 
run nearly parallel to the river, are also as fine streets 
as can be desired, of ample breadth, from 80 to 100 feet, 
shaded on each side by rows of trees, and containing 
many spacious and excellent mansions, interspersed with 
places of worship and public buildings, which produce a 
most agreeable effect. 

Here and there are some striking contrasts, to impress 
on the spectator the difference which a century has made 
in the style of building and scale of domestic comfort. 
The house we occupied at the southeast corner of 
Pearl and Steuben streets, was a most commodious and 
delightful mansion; it had formerly been the residence of 
the late governor, De Witt Clinton, and was equal in 
size and accommodation to some of the best houses in 
Baker street, Harley, or other similar streets in the 
northwest of London. Next door to us was the resi- 
dence of governor Marcy, the present governor of the 
state; and next to him was anew mansion, belonging 
to the president of the Albany bank, Mr. T. W. Olcott, as 
well finished and fine a building as could be seen in any 
part of the world indeed, a sumptuous abode; while on 
the opposite, or north side of the street, were, in addition 
to the noble private dwellings, the two projecting Ionic 
porticos of the Female Academy and the Baptist church, 
which, with the graceful dome and turret of the latter, 
made a most beautiful architectural picture, which even 
an inhabitant of Rome, or Venice, or Genoa, would 
admire. 

In contrast with all this, however, there stood at the 
northeast corner of Pearl and Steuben streets, and right 
opposite the house we dwelt in, a Dutch burgher's resi- 
dence, bearing the date of 1732; its yellow and ill- 
cemented bricks, its small windows and doors, its low 
body, and immensely disproportioned sloping roof, covered 
with tiles of all shapes and fashions, shewing what 
descripton of city Albany was likely to have been a 
century ago, and enabling one to judge of the amazing 



292 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

advance in opulence, taste and comfort, which had been 
made since that humble dwelling had been first reared; 
in this respect the occasional presence of such relics, as 
land marks, or indexes of the progress of time, and cor- 
responding progress of improvement, is useful, and no- 
where more so than in this country. 

In the laying out of the new or upper part of the city, 
care has been taken to appropriate some portion of the 
space to public squares, for the recreation and health of 
the population, and public baths are spoken of as being 
likely to be undertaken by the city authorities. 

The shops, or stores, as they are here universally 
called, are not equal to those of any of the larger cities 
we had visited, except Washington, which are decidedly 
inferior to those of Albany; but there are well furnished 
warehouses here of almost everything needed, and an air 
of great activity and bustle prevails in the principal busi- 
ness streets. 

The hotels are not many in number, but they are on a 
large scale, and have the reputation of being among the 
most comfortable in the country. Of the boarding houses 
we heard also a very favorable account; and if they at all 
resembled the one in which we had the good fortune to 
be placed, they must be of the best description, as we had 
found nothing so much like a comfortable English homej 
as the house of Mrs. Lockwood, at 59 Pearl street, where 
we remained for several weeks, and enjoyed ample ac- 
commodation in rooms, good fare, and, above all, great 
kindness and courtesy, and genteel and agreeable society. 

There is a large Temperance hotel in North Market 
street, well furnished, supplied with baths, and conducted, 
as we had heard from competent and impartial authorities, 
in a manner to afford great satisfaction to all who fre- 
quented it. 

In connection with the state of education in Albany, 
it should be mentioned, that in addition to an ample 
number ofthe common schools, for the general instruction 
of the humbler classes, and Sunday schools attached to 
every church in the city, there are two first-rate institu- 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 293 

lions; one called the Albany Academy, for the education 
of male youths only ; and the other called the Albany 
Female Academy. 

The Albany Academy was first instituted by the mu- 
nicipal body of the city, about the year 1813; and the 
munificent grant of 100,000 dollars was made from the 
city funds, for the purpose of erecting the building. This 
is a large and substantial edifice of stone, with a centre 
and two wings, occupying a front of 90 feet, of three 
stories in height; the centre is surmounted by a turret 
or small steeple, and the whole is surrounded by an open 
space of green lawn. Its position is advantageous and 
commanding, occupying a portion of the hill on the 
north, while the Capitol occupies a corresponding site on 
the same hill on the south, with the great avenue of 
Washington street running between them. 

The mayor and recorder of the city are trustees, ex- 
ofncio, to whom are added others from the gentry and 
clerd r ofthe city to the number of sixteen in all; and 
thes( constitute the governing body of the institution. 

Tho faculty consists of the principal, a professor of 
Latin and Greek, a professor of mathematics and natural 
philosophy, a professor of English literature, and a pro- 
fessor of modern languages; to which are added the 
assistants and tutors in each department, and these are 
bound to adhere to the printed statutes, of which a copy 
is put into the hands of every student on entering. 

The students are admitted from the age of six years 
and upwards, and are taught such branches of learning 
as their parents or guardians may prescribe. For this 
purpose, the course of tuition is divided into four branches. 
In the fourth class or department, the one into which 
the pupil first enters, he is taught reading, writing, arith- 
metic, grammar, geography, natural history, and general 
history. In the third class are taught the higher branches 
of geography, and grammatical construction of style, in 
prose and verse the belles lettres, and elements of 
criticism, and exercises, composition and declamation. 

In the second class are taught the higher branches of 



294 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

arithmetic, book-keeping, algebra, mathematics, natural 
philosophy, architecture, mathematical geography, and 
drawing. In the first class are taught Latin and Greek, 
Roman and Grecian antiquities, mythology, ancient his- 
tory, and biography. 

The expense of each pupil, of which there are now 
about 300 in the several classes, is as follows: 28 dollars 
per annum for the first class; 20 dollars per annum for 
the second and third class; and 16 dollars per annum for 
the fourth class; and, as the building was provided by 
the funds of the state, it is found that this low scale of 
expense, from 3. 3s. to 5. 12s. per annum, is quite 
sufficient to remunerate handsomely the principal, the 
professors, and the tutors, besides admitting the gratu- 
itous education of a certain number of the best scholars 
of the common or district schools, who are selected from 
year to year, according to their merit, by the trustees of 
the institution. 

The Albany Female Academy, was commenced about 
the year 1817. The funds for its establishment were 
raised in shares of proprietors, amounting to 30,000 
dollars; with this a very fine and commodious building 
was erected in North Pearl street, where its noble 
projecting portico, of the Ionic order, the pillars of 
which are about 6 feet in diameter, and 50 feet in height, 
add greatly to the architectural beauty of the street. 

This institution was intended to give to female youths 
all the advantages of the best classical and mathematical 
education which is afforded in other institutions to male 
youths only ; and its whole arrangement is well adapted 
to this end. 

It is under the goverment of 13 trustees who are elected 
annually by the stockholders, and who according to the 
charter, for both of these academies are incorporated, 
have the general management of its affairs. Its officers 
are, a president, secretary, and treasurer; and its faculty 
consists of a professor of mental philosophy and rhetoric, 
a professor of natural philosophy, chemistry and botany, 
a professor of the French and Spanish languages, and a 
professor of elocution and composition, in addition to 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 295 

which are teachers of sacred music, of the organ, harp, 
and piano forte, of drawing, and of Latin and Greek. 

There is a large and well chosen library attached to 
the institution with maps, charts, globes, models, and an 
excellent chemical and philosophical apparatus. It 
contains also a cabinet of specimens in natural history, 
mineralogy and botany ; and the principal, Dr. Campbell, 
who lectures on Biblical and Jewish antiquities, and the 
professor who lectures on physiology, have each an 
extensive set of well executed transparent drawings for 
the illustration of their respective subjects. 

There are two classes of pupils those who come from 
the country, and board with the family of the principal 
or with the teachers and those whoseTamilies reside in 
town. The former consist of about 140; and the expense 
of their board and education is from 200 to 225 dollars 
per annum. The number of the latter is about 250; and 
the cost of their education is from 12 to 32 dollars per 
annum, according to the class in which they may be; 
the lowest or 6th class being 3 dollars per quarter, and 
the highest or first class being 8 dollars per quarter. 

This experiment, which has now been continued for 
upwards of twenty years, has proved abundantly what 
many still affect to disbelieve or doubt, that the female 
intellect is in no degree whatever inferior, in its capacity 
to receive and retain instruction; in the highest and most 
difficult branches of learning, to the male; that their 
powers of application, and their zeal for information, is 
also quite equal to that of the other sex; and that such 
differences as have hitherto existed between the intellect- 
ual condition of male and female youths, have been 
wholly owing to their being subjected to different modes 
of education. 

The same defect which belongs to every plan of schol- 
astic training that I have yet witnessed, characterizes 
this, namely: that no portion of time seems to be allotted 
to physical training. There is neither walking, riding, 
gymnastics, nor any other fixed and regular exercises for 
the body. The consequence is, that among the 400 



296 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

pupils of the Academy there did not seem a single 
example of vigorous or robust health. Slender forms, 
pale cheeks and feeble physical powers, were the general 
characteristics: were the constant drain upon the mental 
powers, in the study of most of the subjects taught in 
the Academy, and particularly in geometry and the 
mathematics tended still more to enfeeble frames of great 
delicacy: and was calculated, as it seemed to me, to 
shorten life, as well as to make that portion which re- 
mained less healthy for the individuals themselves, and 
less favorable for their offspring, than if they had two 
or three hours less of learning per day, and two or three 
hours of walking, riding, or gymnastic exercises, suited 
to their years and sex, in the open air. 

It is a very general belief among the more elderly 
people of America, that the present race of female youths 
are greatly inferior in physical stamina to the preceding 
generation; and considering the mode of life they lead, 
with little or no systematic plan of exercise in the open 
air; with very early and severe application to studies 
while at school ; correspondingly early introduction into 
life, passing fron 15 to 17 amid the late hours and 
dissipation of fashionable parties, thinly clad, and es- 
pecially during the most inclement parts of the winter; 
early marriages, from 16 to 18; and early bearing of 
children, with the drain upon the strength, of nursing; 
insufficient sleep, ill-prepared food, hasty and unmas- 
ticated meals, profusion of pastry, sweetcakes, and ice- 
creams, which destroy the appetite for more simple, and 
more nourishing food, and require frequent recourse to 
medicine; it is hardly to be wondered at, when all these 
deteriorating causes are considered, and their accumu- 
lated force from generation to generation, taken into 
account, that the effect should be a declining stamina in 
every succeeding race. 

Next to the establishments for education, those for 
religious worship deserve attention; and these are here, 
as everywhere that we had yet visited, numerous, well 
furnished, and well sustained. The Methodists have the 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 297 

greatest number of churches, there being six belonging 
to that body of Christians. The Presbyterians come 
next, having five churches. The Dutch reformed relig- 
ion has three, and the Baptist, three. The Episcopalians 
have two, St. Peter's and St. Paul's; the Catholics have 
two, one of them a very fine building, and the German 
Lutherans, the Universalists, and the Quakers, one each. 

There are thus 24 large churches, containing, in the 
whole, perhaps, accommodation in seats for 24,000 per- 
sons out of a population of 30,000, of which, taking into 
account the infants, the very aged, the sick, and the 
infirm, there will be always at least 6,000 or one-fifth 
that could not attend public worship; so that the means 
of religious observances are amply sufficient for every 
individual, who could possibly profit by them ; and it is 
believed that at least 20,000 persons out of the 30 : 000, 
do really attend the places of public worship on the 
Sabbath in Albany. 

The contrast which this offers to England is very 
remarkable. I have seen estimates, by which it appeared 
that not more than one in one hundred attended public 
worship in London; and I think that in Norwich, where 
the churches are very numerous, and much zeal exerted 
to procure attendance, not more than twelve in one 
hundred, or about an eighth of the whole population fre- 
quented any church. It is probable, that in no part of 
England is there accomodation in the churches or chapels 
of the towns or districts for one half the population of 
such places; and it is doubtful where there is any town 
in England in which one third of the entire population 
really attend regularly any place of worship; while here 
at Albany, two thirds of the whole community are found 
in attendance in one or other of the churches every Sun- 
day. The whole of these establishments are sustained by 
the voluntary system of support each congregation first 
choosing, and then maintaining, its own pastor, which 
they do with great liberality no minister receiving less 
than 1,000 dollars, or 200Z. per annum as regular stipend, 
besides presents at baptisms, weddings, &c., sometimes 

[Annals, ix.] 26 



298 Buckingham" s Sojourn in Albany. 

equal, on the whole, to the salary itself; and others 
receiving 2,000 dollars per annum, with the sam addi- 
tional perquisites; the scale of which may be inferred 
from the fact, that while we were at Albany, a marriage 
was solemnized between two members of the same congre- 
gation, and a present of 500 dollars, or 100/. was sent to 
the minister on this occasion. The voluntary system of 
supporting religion, while it is certainly more agreeable 
to the parties who have to make the payments, is, on the 
whole, more uniformly beneficial to those who are paid; 
as the average incomes of religious teachers in America 
greatly exceeds the average incomes of the established 
clergy in England. Besides this, it leads to great care 
and circumspection on the part of the people who are to 
choose and pay their pastor, to see that he is in every 
respect an honor to their choice and worthy of their 
reward. 

The estimation in which the clergy are held here, and 
the influence which they consequently exercise over the 
taste and conduct of the community, is much greater 
than it is in England; and thus it is that the churches 
are more uniformly filled, the services are altogether 
more decorous, more impressive, and more efficient; the 
seats more commodious, the furniture more substantial, 
the singing and music more refined, as well as devotional; 
the prayers more earnest, the sermons more searching 
and the congregations more influenced by religious mo- 
tives or respect to religious principles and observances 
in their general conduct in society. 

I remember to have heard here a curious anecdote of 
one of our distinguished legislators, which is worth re- 
cording. In a conversation, which I had with one of the 
state judges, resident in Albany, as to the opposite 
opinions entertained in England, on the subject of support- 
ing religion by a state establishment, or by the voluntary 
system, I mentioned that I had myself heard debates in 
the English House of Commons, in which it was boldly 
asserted on the one side, that the flourishing condition 
of the churches of every sect in America, was sufficient 
proof of the excellence of the voluntary system of 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 299 

support for religion ; while on the other hand, it was as 
warmly contended by those who were in favor of a 
state establishment, that the voluntary system had 
entirely failed in America, where there was a great 
deal less of religion and religious observances, than in 
England. I added, that these counter assertions stag- 
gered the doubting, who could not decide on the relative 
value of the conflicting evidence, especially when a 
nobleman of great talents, one of the ablest supporters 
of the state church, and who, in addition to his rank, 
station, and ability, added the advantage of having 
traveled in America, allied himself to the latter party. 

Upon hearing this, the learned judge said, " I do not 
wonder that this noble lord saw so little of the religion 
and the religious observances of the Americans, when he 
traveled among them; because I happen to remember 
being at Utica, where the court was then sitting at the 
period of his arrival in that city, accompanied by two 
other gentlemen now in the British legislature ; and on 
the Sunday when our religious observances are most 
apparent, these young English statesmen, and friends 
and advocates of an established church, set off in their 
carriage to the West, with their dogs and guns on a 
shooting or sporting excursion, to the no small surprise 
of those who thought they might have all been much 
more appropriately employed." 

To every one of the churches in Albany, a Sunday 
school is attached, in which are educated and trained up 
in respect for religion, about 5,000 children; the duty of 
teachers in these schools is performed by young persons 
of the first families of the city, of both sexes, who appear 
to take a great delight in this pure exercise of benevolence, 
by gratuitously instructing those who would otherwise 
remain ignorant, and devoting themselves for years to 
this service. 

It appears from the ancient records of the corporation, 
that the first church in Albany was erected in the year 
1656, the corner stone of which was laid by Rutger 
Jacobson. It was of course a Dutch church. The bell 
and pulpit were sent from Holland in April, 1657. 



300 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

Previous to this time, divine service was performed in 
"The Fort," and afterwards in a small block house erected 
for the purpose. This church, for which the bell was 
sent, continued to be used till the year 1715, a period 
of 59 years. At that time the church was found too 
small, and the inhabitants determined on erecting a 
larger one. But with characteristic fondness for preach- 
ing, and for divine service generally, it was resolved 
that the old church should be used during the period that 
the new church was erecting over it. it was accordingly 
so managed, that while the new church was in progress, 
enclosing the old one, not a single Sunday was lost in 
preaching in the latter. In 1806, the new church was 
opened, and the old one demolished; and it is stated, that 
a Dutchman of the name of Onderkirk, was the first 
person christened in that church, and the last one buried 
at the sound of its bell. 

The next oldest place of worship in Albany, was St. 
Peter's church, the foundation of which was laid in 1705, 
in the reign of Queen Anne, who presented it with plate 
for the communion service. The inscription on the new 
one erected in its stead in State street, is as follows: 
"Glory to the Lord, for he is good for his mercy endureth 
for ever Saint Peter's Church formerly standing in the 
centre of State street, at its intersection with Barrack 
street; built A . D. 1705incorporated A. D. 1802." 

Of the other public buildings, the Capitol, or Legisla- 
tive Hall, is one of the most prominent. It stands on the 
summit of the hill, or highest part of the city of Albany, 
and terminates the upward vista of State street, from 
the river, as the Albany Academy terminates the vista of 
Steuben street, each having their foundations at an 
elevation of 130 feet above the Hudson. It is a fine 
building of stone, 115 feet in front, 90 feet in depth, 
and 50 feet in height, independently of the small tower 
arising from the centre, on the summit of which stands 
a figure of justice. It has a basement of 10 feet and two 
stories above that. The east front looking down State 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 301 

street, towards the river, has an Ionic portico of 4 pillars, 
about 33 feet in height ; and in the interior are the two 
halls of legislation, for the senate and the assembly, with 
the Supreme court of justice, and the court of Chancery 
for the state, the State Library consisting of 30,000 vol- 
umes, and other rooms for committees and public bus- 
iness. The various rooms are well proportioned , and well 
adapted to their respective purposes: they are adorned 
with full length portraits of Washington, of the several 
governors of the state, in succession, of the several 
chancellors of the state also, with portraits and busts of 
other public characters of America. 

The City Hall which is not far from the Capitol, and 
which is used for municipal business transacted by the 
mayor and corporation, who form the local government 
of the town, is also a fine edifice, built of white marble, 
and surmounted by a dome, which is giljded, and is a 
conspicuous object from afar on approaching the city. 

A new State Hall is now in progress of building, 
constructed also of white marble, and in the neigh- 
borhood of the Capitol, the Academy, and the City Hall. 

This is to contain all the public offices for the various 
state officers, such as the secretary of state, comptroller, 
treasurer, surveyor-general, attorney-general, and others. 

Of newspapers, there are four in Albany three daily, 
and one weekly. Of the daily, there are two morning 
and one evening paper. " The Argus," published in the 
morning, is conducted by the gentleman who holds the 
office of state printer, which is very lucrative; and he, 
of course supports the existing administration, or is in 
other words, highly democratic, the local government of 
the state according with the general government of the 
Union, it being in the hands of the democratic party at 
present. The other morning paper," The Daily Adver- 
tiser," is Whig, or opposed to the present administration, 
so is "The Evening Journal," while " The Family Week- 
ly Newspaper" is on the democratic side; so that in 
number of organs, the forces are well balanced; and in 
ability, the talent 'appears as equally divided. Here, 
however, as everywhere else in America, the most 



302 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

violent language is used by the writers of one party 
towards those of another; and so entirely partial are 
both, that no stranger could ever arrive at the truth, 
without comparing the statements of the one side with 
those of the other, which, however, are often so directly 
opposite, even in matters of fact, that it is difficult to 
know how much to allow for misrepresentation in both. 

As an instance, the following may be cited. The state 
authorities being in want of a house for some public 
purpose, and the state printer (the editor of the Argus) 
having one well adapted to such purpose, it was pur- 
chased of him by the authorities for what was considered 
a fair and just price. If the house had belonged to any 
person else, the matter would, perhaps, never have been 
heard of more ; but belonging to the democratic editor, it 
became the subject of the most unsparing attacks, and 
imputations of corruption, bribery, fraudulent misappli- 
cation of the public money, and so on, for days and weeks, 
in succession ; the papers on each side making it the 
subject of a bitter partisan warfare throughout the state. 

The following, from a neighboring journal, is the 
shortest specimen that can be given of the sort of lan- 
guage used by the editors, of and towards each other in 
this criminating and recriminating kind of controversy: 

"The Cooperstown Freeman's Journal concludes a 
brief notice of the misrepresentations on this subject, 
with the following remark: 

" 'We ought not to close our passing notice of this 
without, at least, adverting to the character ofthesowrce 
whence these black and damning charges, upon gentle- 
men equal-in integrity and respectability to any in this 
or any other state, proceed. They have their origin 
with the Albany Evening Journal; a paper which, in its 
dealings with the character and conduct of others, and 
with matters of fact repudiates as well the binding 
force of the received obligations of honorable courtesy, 
as the still higher obligation of a sacred regard for 
truth. With such characteristics, it is not surprising 
that it has earned the contempt of all honorable men.' " 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 303 

The population of Albany was, at the last census of 
1830, ascertained to be 28,109; and at present it is 
estimated to exceed 30,000. Among these there are 
fewer colored persons than we had yet seen in any part 
of America, the domestic servants being mostly Irish, 
from among the emigrants who pass through this city on 
their way to the West. 

There is also less of inequality in the condition of the 
families residing here, than in the larger cities on the 
sea coast. There are much fewer who are very rich 
and scarcely any who are very poor. The individual of 
the greatest wealth, perhaps, in the state, it is true, re- 
sides here, but he is only one: the fortunes of most of the 
other wealthy men here being much more moderate. 

This is the celebrated Stephen Van Rensselear, known 
by the name of the Patroon, a word derived from the 
Dutch and corresponding in its meaning, it is said, to 
our English phrase <&f " lord of the manor." This 
gentleman's ancestor was one of the earliest of the Dutch 
settlers here ; and had a grant of land, extending for 24 
miles along the banks of the river, and 24 miles inland, 
at that time an uncleared wilderness, but now a princely 
domain. This has descended, by the custom of primo- 
geniture, to the present possessor: but a law of the state 
of New York, passed some time since, having prohibited 
such custom in future, the property will, at his death, be 
divided among his children. 

In addition to his territorial and patrimonial wealth, 
the Patroon some years since was obliged to take, in 
payment of a bad debt of 50,000 dollars then owing to 
him, a tract of land near New York; and another in the 
west of this state, which he then considered a great 
hardship, as it was comparatively valueless. Increased 
population, and the progressive improvement of the 
country, have made these tracts, however, so valuable, 
that, it is said, his whole property, patrimonial and 
otherwise, yields him a clear income of more than a 
million of dollars, or 200,000 sterling per annum. I 
have no means of ascertaining whether this is strictly 



304 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

true; but such is the general opinion; and the extent of 
the territory, and the number of farms and houses belong- 
ing to him, render it extremely probable. 

This old gentleman is now upwards of 70 years of age, 
and feeble. He has led, however, so just and virtuous a 
life, and been so generous and liberal with his wealth, 
that he is universally respected and beloved. He has 
been also most happy in the honorable conduct of his 
children, whose large expectations have not made them 
at all less anxious to recommend themselves to the esteem 
of their neighbors, with whom they mingle on terms of 
the most friendly equality, and lead the most rational, 
and least ostentatious life imaginable. Altogether their 
presence and influence seems to be felt as a blessing to 
the community. 

Besides the family of the Van Rensselears, there are 
many others of Dutch descent, more, perhaps, than in 
any other community in America^ These, in their number 
and ramifications, give a great gravity and decorum to the 
general tone of society here. 

There is less of show, in houses, carriages and horses; 
less of formal visiting, and large and expensive parties; 
less of ceremony and etiquette in visiting, very early 
hours for meals seven for breakfast, two for dinner, and 
six for tea; plainer and more simple fare at each, than 
in the larger towns ; and instead of persons living, as they 
too frequently do in the large commercial cities, at a 
rate beyond their income, and then winding up, after a 
career of extravagance, in a state of insolvency, every 
family here lives much within its income, and lays by 
accumulated means for the succeeding generation. 

The winter is the period when Albany is fullest of resi- 
dents and strangers, for at that season of the year the 
legislature and the courts are in session; and at that time, 
besides the families of the legislators, and the members 
of the bench and the bar, a great number of families come 
in from the country to stay for the winter. There is then 
somewhat more of gaiety than in the summer, though 
even then there is less than in most other cities. 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany 305 

The theatre is rarely frequented, except when Mr. 
Forrest, or some very attractive performer, comes, and 
then only by a small class of the population. Concerts 
are not often given ; and it may serve to show the feelings 
of a large portion of the influential classes towards public 
singers generally, to mention that Madame Caradori 
Allen, who gave- a concert at Troy, six miles off, with 
only half the population of Albany, was unable to give a 
concert here, because the only eligible room for that 
purpose, which is a spacious hall, forming the chapel of 
the Female Academy, was refused to her by the trustees, 
on the ground of her being also an actress, though it had 
been granted to Mr. Russell, a vocalist, who was only a 
singer! Balis are not frequent, nor very largely attended ; 
and, in short, the grave influence of Dutch descent, 
mingled with the religious influence of the Puritan settlers 
of New England, many of whose descendants reside herft 
engaged in business, contribute jointly to give a more 
quiet and sober air to everything done in the city, than 
even the Quaker influence spreads over Philadelphia 

During our stay in Albany, we witnessed, for the first 
time, the celebration of the great national festivity of 
America the anniversary of the declaration of inde- 
pendence, on the 4th of July, now observed for the 62d 
time; and we were much gratified by what we saw. The 
day was extremely fine all business appeared to be 
suspended; and every one was devoted to the enjoyment 
of holiday. The day break was announced by a discharge 
of cannon; and at sunrise, a salute of 13 guns was fired, 
in honor of tjie 13 original states that united in the 
declaration of independence. This was followed by the 
ringing of the bells of all the churches; so that as early as 
five o'clock, the whole city was awake, and in motion. 

At ten o'clock, the prcession(formed to march through 
the town, on their way to the First Reformed Dutch 
church, where the " exercises," as all proceedings of public 
meetings are here called, were to take place) was put 
in motion; and as they passed before our window in 
Pearl street, we saw the whole to great advantage. The 



306 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

procession was under the direction of the adjutant- 
general of the state and the marshal of the day, assisted 
by several military officers, and moved in the following 
order: 

MILITARY ESCORT. 

Captain Strain's Albany Republican Artillery. 
Captain Brown's Albany Union Guards. 

MILITARY AND CIVIC ASSOCIATIONS. 

Officers of the United States Army and Navy. 
Albany Military Association. 

Orator and Reader. 

Revolutionary Officers and Soldiers, in carriages. 

The Reverend the Clergy. 

Executive of the State. 

PHILADELPHIA STATE FENCIBLES. 

Albany Burgesses Corps. 
The Common Council, preceded by its officers. 

Sheriff and his officers. 

Heads of the Departments of the State, Chancellor, Judges of the 
United States, State and County Courts, preceded 

by their Marshals. 

Fire Department, and the several Engine Companies with their 
Engines, Hook and Ladder, and Axe Companies under 
the direction of the Chief Engineer. 
The Van Rensselaer Guards. 

St. Andrew's Society. 

Union Benevolent Society of Journeymen Tailors. 
Albany Mechanics' Benefit Society. 

Hibernian Provident Society. 

Saddle and Harness Makers' Society. 

St. Patrick's Benevolent Society. 

Citizens and Strangers. 

The Military had really a fine appearance, being well 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany . . 307 

dressed, well equipped, and well disciplined; the bands 
of music, of which there were several, were all good, 
and one very superior; the various companies and 
societies, all habited in some peculiar costume, or 
distinguished by some peculiar badge looked, remarkably 
well; and the populace, who thronged the foot pavement 
on each side of the street while the procession filled the 
centre, were as well dressed as orderly, and as evidently 
interested in the proceedings of the day, as the best 
friend of the republic could desire. What we missed 
was, the waving of handkerchiefs from the windows and 
balconies, and the shouts and cheers of the multitude, 
which usually accompany such processions in England. 
But the Americans are more decorous than enthusiastic; 
and the staid and grave manners derived from the Dutch 
at Albany, make them quite as grave and silent on all 
public occasions, as the Quaker population of Phil- 
adelphia. 

The part of the procession which touched us most, 
and made unbidden tears, not of joy or sorrow, but of 
mere exuberance of sympathy and feeling, start invol- 
untarily into our eyes, was the sight of the veteran 
heroes of the revolution, as they passed us in the open 
carriages that contained them. As sixty- two years have 
passed away since the declaration of independence, 
the number of those who actually fought in the war of 
the revolution is now very small, and they are, of course, 
every year diminishing; so that in a few years more 
they will all have descended to the tomb. The veterans 
we saw were all above 80 years of age, and the oldest of 
them was 96. The hoary locks which were visible on 
each, with the associations which their years and services 
awakened, impressed us more powerfully than anything 
we had yet witnessed in the country ; and it was evident, 
from the demeanor and bearing of all parties, young 
and old, toward these veterans as they passed, that one 
universal sentiment of veneration and respect for their 
age and character, pervaded all classes. 

In the church, which was crowded in every part, the 



308 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

exercises consisted of music by the choir, prayer by the 
pastor, the reading of the declaration of independence 
by one of the citizens, and an oration in honor of the 
day by another all of which were well performed; and 
on the procession passing from the church, it marched 
to the City Hall, and after a discharge of volleys 
dispersed. 

In the afternoon, a second public procession was 
formed by the members of the Young Men's Association, 
a body combined for mutual instruction; and this, while 
it was less military, was more literary in keeping with 
the character of the institution. They marched from 
their rooms in the Knickerbocker Hall to the second 
Presbyterian church, in regular order; and in addition to 
the usual exercises of the day, similar to those performed 
in the morning, there were three original odes, all written 
expressly for the occasion by ladies of the city, one by a 
pupil of the Female Academy, and each highly credit- 
able to the talents of their writers; with a longer poem, 
by a gentleman of Albany, and member of the associa- 
tion. 

In the evening, the public places of amusement were all 
open, and illuminations and fire works were exhibited 
at different quarters of the city. There was also a great 
public dinner held in one of the domed edifices, about 
500 yards from our dwelling, from whence the cheers 
and huzzas came so loud and so frequent over the toasts 
that were drank, so as to excite some apprehension for 
the perfect sobriety of the guests. There were, indeed, 
some instances of intemperance visible in the streets, 
but they did not amount to half a dozen, and were among 
the humblest class of laborers; so that the general 
sobriety of the day was one of its most remarkable and 
most pleasing features. 

The day was closed b} r a delightful serenade of music 
opposite the house of the governor, W. L. Marcy, which, 
as it adjoined our own residence, we enjoyed in perfection. 

The night was delicious, after the warmth of the day; 
and the moon, now just about the full, was really brilliant. 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 309 

The busy hum of the streets was hushed ; for though 
there were still hundreds of well dressed persons, of 
both sexes, taking their evening walks beneath the trees 
that here, as at Philadelphia and most other American 
cities, line the pavement on either side, yet the sound of 
their footsteps could scarcely be heard. The band was 
of first-rate excellence: we understood that it came up 
from Philadelphia with the State Fencibles : that it was 
under the training of a colored man, named Frank John- 
son, who was an able musician, and who having recently 
been in Europe, had come back greatly improved. The 
only military bands I ever remember to have heard 
superior to it were the royal band that attends at the 
Palace of St. James's in London, and the band of the 
National Guards at Paris. The music, too, was as well 
chosen as it was well executed; and our only regret was 
when it ceased, which was not, however, till nearly 
midnight. 

One of the causes, if not the principal cause, of the 
general temperance of the people of Albany, is the 
influence exerted by the operations of the New York State 
Temperance Society, of which this has for many years 
past been the head-quarters. Mainly through the philan- 
thropy, zeal, and liberality, of one individual, Mr. E. C. 
Delavan, who, having acquired a handsome fortune in 
trade, devoted the leisure of his retirement, and the use 
of his funds, to various benevolent objects, the attention 
of the American public was first roused to the tremendous 
evils which intemperance inflicted on the country, and the 
importance of checking its further progress. 

It was here the first temperance journal was estab- 
lished by him, and conducted with so much ability and 
success, that it attained to the possession of 300,000 sub- 
scribers throughout the Union. Here also temperance 
conventions were held, resolutions adopted, circulars, 
and agents despatched, funds provided, and all the great 
machinery of the temperance reform set in motion. It 
was to have been expected that the large class of persons 
who are interested in the importation, manufacture, and 

[Annals, ix.} 27 



310 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

sale of intoxicating drinks a powerful array of num- 
bers who fatten on the miseries which their traffic inflicts 
on others should be violently opposed to him as they 
were; but it was hardly to be expected, that because he 
considered wine to be as much an agent in producing 
intemperance among certain classes, and beer and cider 
among certain others, as ardent spirits among that class 
who alone can consume them and because he boldly 
proclaimed this truth, and based on it his advocacy of 
total abstinence from all that can intoxicate, as the only 
safe rule of action for those who desire to add example 
to precept in favor of temperance reform it was hardly 
to be expected that because of this, he would be'set 
upon and persecuted by the opulent and influential 
among the laity, and the professed friends of temperance 
even among the clergy. Yet so it was ; and this persecu- 
tion, for it was nothing short of it, deserves to be 
numbered among the dark chapters of the history of 
Albany. 

But their triumph was but for a season. The true 
principle of hostility to intemperance, and all that can 
occasion it, is gaining ground among the rational of all 
classes, as much more consistent with Christian virtue, 
and with social expediency, than the absurd, and selfish 
war of the rich against ardent spirits, which are drank 
chiefly by the poor, while indulging the free use of wine, 
beer and cider, because these are consumed by them- 
selves ; thus realizing the picture of the class described 
by Hudibras, who, 

" Compound for sins they are inclined to, 
By damning those they have no mind to." 

Mr. Delavan, nothing daunted by this opposition, still 
devotes nearly all his time, and a very large portion of his 
ample fortune, to the promotion of the temperance cause ; 
and his labors are abundantly rewarded with success. 

The field, however, is still ample for the exercise of 
all the exertions that can be used, to rescue the country 
and the people from the curse of intoxicating liquors. 

Th6 climate of Albany is characterized by the two 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 311 

extremes of excessive cold in the winter, and intense 
heat in the summer. In the winter, which often lasts 
six months, the river is for a great part of the time frozen 
over so hard, that the most heavily laden wagons pass 
daily in numbers over the ice. In some severe winters the 
thermometer is said to have stood at 35 deg. below zero; 
but no winter ever passes without its falling some degrees 
below it. The spring and autumn do not exceed a month 
each: and the short summer of four months is remarkable 
for intense heat. During the three weeks of our stay here, 
the thermometer was always above 80 deg., frequently 
above 90 deg. and on three or four successive days, nearly 
touched 100 deg. in the shade, while the dead calm that 
prevailed made the night almost as oppressive as the day. 
It was admitted, however, that the summer of this year 
was unusually sultry, not merely at Albany, but in all 
parts of the Union. 

There is one circumstance which greatly increases the 
effect of the heat, in driving through the American 
streets, namely, the excessive roughness of the pavement, 
and the consequent shaking and jolting experienced even 
in the best made carriages. It had several times the 
effect of producing in me double the amount of suffering 
(uniting the heat of violent motion with the heat of the 
atmosphere) which would have been felt on a smooth 
road. I had frequently before thought that there was 
nothing in which American cities were so inferior to 
English towns of a similar size, as in their central pave- 
ments the side or foot pavements are quite as good: 
but I was never so forcibly struck with this as at Albany, 
where the steepness of the streets ascending from the 
river to the Capitol hill, and the excessive rudeness and 
roughness of the pavements, caused such an incessant 
and deafening din, in the noise of carriages and carts, as 
they rattled over the rounded and uneven points of the 
projecting stones, and shook me with such sudden and 
violent oscillations from side to side, and backward and 
forward in constant motion, as to produce more fatigue 
and discomfort in a ride of one mile, than would be felt 



312 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

at the same temperature in a ride of ten, through any 
of the streets of London. The rattling noise, indeed, 
often reminded me of the quaint conceit of Monk Lewis 
in his poem of the Fire King, in which, when describing 
that personage, he says, if I remember the words rightly. 

"His teeth they did clatter, as if you should try, 
To play the piano in thimbles." 

This evil might be easily remedied by the use of wooden 
pavements in perpendicularly inserted octagonal blocks, 
such as have been partially, but successfully, tried in New 
York and Philadelphia: and, considering the cheapness 
and abundance of wood in this country, there is little 
doubt that before long this mode of pavement will be 
very generally adopted in all level streets ; while a much 
more smooth pavement of granite, such as is used in the 
best streets of London, might be adopted for ascending 
or descending streets, for this material is also abundant 
in most parts of the country. 

Albany is singularly deficient in the number of its 
benevolent institutions, compared with the other cities 
of America, or with the extent of its own population, 
wealth, and resources. The only one of interest or 
importance is the Orphan Asylum, which I went to visit, 
with one of the directors, and with which I was much 
pleased. The building is a large brick edifice on the 
western edge of the town, advantageously situated for 
the health and comfort of its inmates. The edifice cost 
about 20,000 dollars, which was raised by private 
subscription; a few individuals contributing half of the 
sum required, in payments of 2,500 dollars or 500Z. 
sterling each; and the rest being readily obtained from 
the inhabitants generally. 

The building is enclosed with a spacious and excellent 
garden of fruits, vegetables, and flowers, which the 
orphans cultivate themselves : and about five acres of 
ground afford them pasture for cows, and spacious and 
airy play grounds. 

Though called an orphan asylum, the directors have 
found it advisable to take in destitute little children, 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 313 

who had one parent living, but that parent unable to 
provide for its offspring, as in the case of destitute 
widows; and sometimes, where both parents were alive, 
but where the father being a drunkard and the mother 
scarcely able to maintain herself, the little children were 
really as bad off as if both father and mother had been in 
the grave. I was assured by the director, Mr. Wood, 
that in an investigation which he deemed it his duty to 
make, previously to preparing one of the last annual 
reports, he had found that in fully nineteen cases out of 
every twenty, the little children, whether orphans or 
otherwise, were destitute and helpless, entirely because 
their fathers, or mothers, or both, had been persons of 
intemperate habits, and expended what they ought to 
have bestowed on their children in intoxicating drink. 

There are at present about 100 children in the Asylum, 
from 3 to 10 years of age. At their entry, if there be 
any persons who have a claim to them by relationship 
or otherwise, the consent of such person is obtained to 
the giving up the child wholly to the direction of the 
Asylum till it shall be 21 years of age. The child is 
then provided in food, raiment, and receives a plain, but 
religious, education. Their diet is wholly vegetable; 
and this is found, by some years' experience, to be not 
only sufficiently nutritious to ensure all the required 
strength, but superior to animal diet in its being less 
likely to engender diseases, the average health of the 
children, notvvithstarrding the destitute condition in which 
many of them are taken in, being greater than the average 
condition of any similar number not so fed. They work 
in the garden with great cheerfulness, cultivating their 
own food; and this again, while it is a pleasurable and 
even instructive recreation, is found to be highly favor- 
able to their health. 

During our visit, which was just before sun-set, the 
little children were assembled to go through some of 
their exercises; and a little fellow about seven years old, 
being directed to step out of the ranks for the purpose, 
was requested to commence the examination. He began 



314 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

to question them on Geography, and they really evinced 
considerable knowledge for their age. They sang, also, 
prettily, and in good time. At the close of these exercises, 
another youth , of about the same age, was invited to 
repeat an address which he had delivered at the last 
anniversary; and as it is characteristic of the style of 
thought and sentiment with which all the early lessons 
of the American youth abound, I transcribe it, from a 
copy furnished at my request. The young orator advanc- 
ing to the front of the floor said: 

"America, my native country, was unknown to the 
white man a little more than 300 years ago but now, 
what is her history? It is but 217 years since our 
pilgrim fathers fled from their homes, in the storm of 
persecution, and found, in this then wilderness world, an 
asylum, a peaceful retreat. It was for Christian liberty 
they fled; and it was then that they first sowed in this 
soil those seeds of freedom which have since so fertilized 
our happy land. Though England held her sovereign 
power to rule awhile, her dominion was but short; and 
we bless the glorious day when our patriot fathers, 
aroused by noble indignation, broke the chains of tyranny 
that were too long imposed upon them; and then liberty, 
sweet liberty, smiled on all these states. But what has 
our freedom cost? The toils, the sufferings and the death, 
of many a valiant friend of human rights. Their sacri- 
fices dearly purchased for us the gift which we can not 
too highly value. And will you, our fathers now, 
continue to guard her sacred rights till we, your sons, 
shall stand up in your stead, to defend her cause? Yes? 
I know you will ; and though war and tumult rage both 
north and south of us (alluding to the insurrection in 
Canada, and the Indian warfare in Florida), yet on us 
shall peace and plenty still continue to smile." 

After this, a hymn was sung by all the children stand- 
ing, to the air of God save the King, the first stanza 
of which was as follows : 

14 My country! 'tis of thee, 

Sweet land of liberty, 

Of thee I sing. 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 315 

Land of the pilgrim's pride. 

Land where my fathers died, 

From every mountain side, 

Let freedom ring." 

Such are the sentiments of love of country, venera- 
tion for its founders, and respect for those who, follow- 
ing after, established its independence, that are every- 
where implanted in the infant mind of America. The 
subsequent exercises of their school books, reiterate all 
this in later youth, and early initiation into political 
doctrines follows soon after, by pupils, almost as soon 
as they have completed their studies, becoming members 
of Young Men's Conventions, held from time to time, to 
declare adherence to certain political principles, and 
organize plans of action. The impressions thus become 
so deep and permanent, that there is no subsequent 
danger of their obliteration; for in politics, as in morals 
and religion, more depends on the first impressions 
planted in early youth, and the frequent repetition of 
them, from thence to manhood in one unbroken chain, 
than upon the reasoning powers of individuals ; and thus 
it is that national faiths, habits and forms of government, 
are so continuously preserved from generation to genera- 
tion. 

The annual expense of this Asylum, for feeding, 
clothing and educating 100 orphans, is about 3,000 dol- 
lars, or 600 annually; being about 50 cents, or two 
shillings sterling, per head, per week; and the funds for 
this are readily obtained by subscriptions in the city, as 
the Asylum is a favorite charity. Every suitable op- 
portunity is taken to place the children out at the proper 
age in advantageous situations in life; and hitherto the 
institution has been a great blessing to the destitute 
objects of its care, and an honor to its directors and 
supporters. 

The last of the public institutions we saw in Albany, 
was the Museum, which has been spoken of as one of 
the best in the country. We found it inferior, however, 
to any we had yet seen, in the limited extent and variety 



316 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

of its collections, as well as in the defective arrangement, 
and inferior quality of almost everything belonging to it. 

On Sunday, the 15th of July, we left Albany, at nine 
in the morning, on a visit to the establishment of the 
religious sect called the Shakers, at Niskayuna, a dis- 
tance of eight miles from Albany, in a northwest direc- 
tion. Having a comfortable, open carriage, and a good 
pair of horses, our journey was easy and agreeable. A 
great part of the road was bordered with a rich variety 
of wood, and other parts showed extended tracts of cul- 
tivation; while the range of the Catskill mountains, to 
the south, formed an interesting feature in the general 
picture. The sky was bright the heat not oppressive 
the thermometer at 80 deg. in the town, and 75 deg. in 
the country, and the perfume of the shrubs and flowers 
delightful. 

We arrived at the village of Niskayuna about half past 
ten, just as the community were assembling for worship, 
and saw several lines or files of males and females, 
walking in pairs, through the fields towards the place of 
meeting. We entered with them the place of worship, 
which was a plain room of about 50 feet long, by 25 feet 
broad, without pulpit, pews, curtains, or any kind of 
furniture; plain benches being provided for seating the 
Shakers themselves, as well as thestrangers who came to 
see them. Every part of the building or room was in 
the utmost perfection of cleanliness, and not a spect or 
particle of dust or dirt was anywhere visible. 

For the strangers a number of benches were placed to 
accommodate about 200; and there were fully that num- 
ber of visitors, from the neighboring country, present. 
Of these, the males had to enter by one door, and the 
females by another, and each to remain separate during 
the service. Of the Shakers who joined in the worship, 
there were about 100 males, and 100 females. These 
entered also by different doors, and ranged themselves 
on benches in oblique lines from each end of the room, 
till they nearly met each other, when the space between 
the front row of each sex was triangular, the apex of the 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 317 

triangle being the place from whence the speakers ad- 
dressed the assembly on the floor. The constantly 
widening space caused by the diagonal lines of the two 
front rows, left an opening by which all the strangers, 
who came as spectators, could see the persons and coun- 
tenances of those who joined in the worship clearly and 
distinctly. 

The males included several boys from 7 or 8 years 
old to 14 and so upwards to young men of 20; middle 
aged of 30 and 40, and elders of 50, 60 and 70 ; and there 
was the same diversity of ages among the females. But 
notwithstanding the difference of age in each, they were 
all dressed in one uniform fashion. 

The dress of the men consisted of a white shirt, collar 
and white cravat, loose trowsers, and large w r aistcoat of 
deep, maroon colored stuff, like camlet or bombazin; 
the trowsers were so long as to touch the shoes, but 
there were neither straps to keep them down, nor braces 
to suspend them upwards. The waistcoat was of the 
old fashioned cut of the court dress, used a century or 
two ago single breasted, with a deep waist cut away 
diagonally in front, and with long, low pockets. The 
waistcoat was not buttoned, but hung loose, showing 
the entire front or bosom of the shirt, and no coat or 
jacket of any kind was worn, so that all the men were 
literally in their shirt sleeves. 

The dress of the women was entirely white ; the gown 
was long and narrow, and the waist short, the sleeves 
tight, the bosom plain, and all attempt at gracefulness of 
form, or decorative ornament, scrupulously avoided. A 
small, clean muslin handkerchief or cape, was worn over 
the shoulders; and a cap of clean muslin, fitting closely 
to the face, with long descending lappets, covered the 
head; while the hair was put up in the plainest manner, 
and almost entirely concealed from view. On the left 
arm each female had a white napkin, neatly folded, and 
hanging over the arm ; and the whole appearance of the 
congregation, notwithstanding its singularity, was im- 
pressive, from the purity and simplicity of their costume. 



318 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

The physiognomy of the men was more indicative of 
the enthusiastic temperament than that of the women; 
and they were also characterized by better animal con- 
dition as to health and strength, with less appearance of 
intellect. Among the women there were a few, especially 
among the younger portion, that were handsome; but the 
greater number were very plain, and the whole were 
even more pallid than American women, generally, with 
an appearance of langor, that betokened a morbid state 
of feeling, and very imperfect health. 

The first half hour of the worship was passed in a 
profound silence ; the men, as they entered, stepping as 
lightly as possible across the floor, to hang up their 
broad brimmed straw hats on the wall; and the women, 
as they entered, disposing of their plain straw bonnets, 
all of the same pattern, in a similar manner, and then 
taking their seats ; the eldest of each sex occupying the 
front rows, opposite to each other, and the younger fill- 
ing up the benches behind them, and some sitting on the 
ground. 

At the end of this half hour, one of the male elders 
rose, which was the signal for forming in ranks, when 
the benches were removed by the parties who sat on 
them, and ranged close to the wall, so as to leave the 
central part of the room clear. The lines were then 
formed, the men standing in rows, at one end of the 
room, and the women at the other, the front ranks of 
each nearly meeting in the centre. 

One of the elders then addressed the worshipers, as 
dear brethern and sisters, and spoke for about five min- 
utes. The substance of his remarks was, that they 
ought all to rejoice at having the privilege to meet and 
worship God in their own way without interruption, and 
at the still greater privilege of being among the number 
of those who were especially called by God to come out 
from the world, and to put aside ungodliness and all 
worldly lusts. They were engaged in the work of God, 
and not in that of the world, and their happiness con- 
sisted in knowing and doing his will. 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 319 

The first speaker was followed by a second, who ex- 
pressed nearly the same sentiments in other words; and 
after a pause of a few minutes, the whole body sang to- 
gether a short hymn, of which I could only catch the 
first verse, which was thus: 

"Oh! the precious work of God 

It is pure! it is pure! 
I will rejoice, and lift my voice, 

To serve the Lord for evermore." 

The singing was loud and harsh, without the least at- 
tempt at harmony, and the air was rude and wild. Not 
more than half the number of the congregation joined in 
this exercise, though there was no particular body as a 
choir to whom it was restricted; but every one seemed 
to pay the most devout attention. 

Another elder then stepped into the front, and ad- 
dressed the strangers present. He said that it was very 
much the custom for strangers to come and visit them 
on the sabbath, though they rarely came on any other 
day; and as there were undoubtedly some pecularities in 
their worship, it was more than probable that curiosity 
was the leading motive that brought us there. To this 
they offered no impediment; for as they were not 
ashamed either of their opinions or practices, but rather 
rejoiced in them, they did not closs their doors against 
any persons, but willingly admitted and accommodated as 
far as their space and means would allow, all who choose 
to remain, provided they were silent and respectful ; and 
when they found they could not be both, it was desirable 
they should withdraw. 

He said, the world regarded them as madmen and 
fools, but so did the world esteem the early Christians. 
They knew, however, that they were sober and sincere; 
and the only difference between themselves and the world 
was, that the people of the world continued still to see 
things as through a glass, darkly, while God had called 
them out of the world to see things with all the fullness 
of the brightest day ; and that when our eyes were opened 
(for a day would come in which each would receive a 



320 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

call, and by his acceptance or rejection of that call his 
future destiny would be settled), we should look back 
upon the things of the world just as they themselves now 
did, as being nothing but a heap of vanities and empti- 
ness. 

Another pause ensued; and then the whole assembly 
fell on their knees, and elevating their hands and aims, 
and making signs of beckoning or invitation, they sang 
in concert this verse: 

41 Come, holy angels, quickly come, 

And bring your purifying fire; 

Consume our lusts, in every home, 

And root out every foul desire." 

Some of the spectators looked at the female portion of 
the worshipers while they were singing this, and then 
at each other significantly; but upon the countenances 
of the singers themselves, whether male or female, not 
a trace could be seen of any other sentiment or feeling 
than that of the deepest gravity and devotion. At every 
close of this verse, which they repeated several times, 
they bowed their heads to the ground, those of the two 
front ranks of males and females almost touching each 
other; and at the termination of the whole, they remained 
OIL their knees for a few minutes, looking steadfastly on 
the ground, and buried in the most profound silence. 

When they rose, another elder came forward, and a 
second time addressed the strangers; whether he was 
induced to do so from the significant looks interchanged 
among the spectators while the last verse was singing, I 
could not positively say; but it seemed to me probable, 
because he opened his speech, by observing, that many 
persons who came to see them, went away and calumni- 
ated them. Among other things, he said, it had been 
alleged that they did not live the life of purity which they 
pretended, but that their practices were contrary to their 
professions. This he declared to be untrue, and called 
heaven to witness the accuracy of his assertion. He said 
they labored honestly with their own hands to maintain 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 321 

themselves independently; and that between labor for 
subsistence and the worship of God, their time was 
wholly occupied, while they avoided and resisted all 
temptation, and kept themselves pure from all carnal 
defilement. 

When he had ceased, one of the elders among the 
females, who appeared to be about sixty years of age, 
broke silence ; and, addressing the assembly, said, she 
had been forty years a member of the community, but 
had never felt herself inspired to speak till the present 
moment. Now, however, she felt it her duty to unloose 
her tongue, and declare that these aspersions upon their 
purity were altogether unwarranted; that their brethren 
gave them only protection, for which they felt duly 
grateful; but that they neither sought for, nor asked, 
nor desired any thing from them in return; that the 
female part of the body on whose behalf she could speak, 
regarded themselves as chosen vessels set apart for the 
use and service of God alone; and they neither had, nor 
wished to have, any communication with men. This 
defense of the purity of the order was received by the 
females with the loudest and most enthusiastic acclama- 
tions and clapping of hands. 

The assembly then formed itself into another order for 
the dancing, which is called by them labor, and from the 
zeal and animation with which all their movements are 
performed, it may well deserve that name. The males 
were first arranged in pairs, following each other like 
troops in a line of march; and when their number was 
completed, the females followed after, two and two, in 
the same manner. In this way they formed a complete 
circle round the open space of the room. In the centre 
of the whole was a small band of about half a dozen 
males and half a dozen females, who were there stationed 
to sing the tunes and mark the time; and these began 
to sing with a loud voice, and in quick time, like the 
Allegro of a Sonata, or the Vivace of a Canzonet, the 
following verse: 

[Annals, ix.] 28 



322 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

" Perpetual blessings do demand, 
Perpetual praise on every handj 
Then leap for joy, with dance and song, 
To praise the Lord for ever." 

The motion of the double line of worshipers, as they 
filed off before us, was something between a march and 
a dance. Their bodies were inclined forward like those 
of persons in the act of running; they kept the most 
perfect time with their feet, and beat the air with their 
hands, to the same measure. Some of the more robust 
and enthusiastic literally * ' leaped" so high, as to shake 
the room by the weight with which they fell to their feet 
on the floor; and others, though taking the matter more 
moderately, bore evident signs of the effects of the 
exercise and heat united on their persons. This first 
dance lasted about five minutes, and during the pause 
which succeeded, another short speech was made by one 
of the male elders, repeating the duty of congratulating 
themselves on the privileges they enjoyed. 

The first dance was performed to the air of "Scots wha* 
ha'e wi' Wallace bled," but sung with great rapidity, such 
as is sometimes done, when it is converted into a quick 
march by a military band. The second dance was of still 
quicker measure ; and to the much less respectable old Eng- 
lish tune of "Nancy Dawson," which I had not heard for 
thirty years at least, though it was a popular song in 
my boyhood, among sailors especially; and the last place 
on earth in which I should have expected to hear it 
revived, would have been among the Shakers in America. 
Yet so it was ; and to this lively and merry tune, the 
whole body, now formed into three abreast, instead of 
two, literally scampered round the room in a quick gal- 
lopade, every individual of both choir and the dancers, 
singing with all their might these words : 

" Press on, press on, ye chosen band, 

The angels go before ye; 
We're marching through Emanuel's land, 
Where saints shall sing in glory." 

This exercise was continued for at least double the 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 323 

time of the former; and by it the worshipers were 
wrought up to such a pitch of fervor, that they were evi- 
dently on the point of some violent outbreak or paroxysm. 
Accordingly the whole assembly soon got into the "most 
admired disorder," each dancing to his own tune, and 
his own measure, and the females became perfectly un- 
governable. About half a dozen of these whirled them- 
selves round, in what opera dancers call a pirouette, 
performing at least fifty revolutions each, their arms ex- 
tended horizontally, their clothes being blown out like 
an air balloon all round their persons, their heads some- 
times falling on one side, and sometimes hanging forward 
on the bosoril, till they would at length faint away in 
hysterical convulsions, and be caught in the arms of the 
surrounding dancers. 

This, too, like the singing and dancing which preceded 
it, was accompanied by clapping of hands, to mark the 
time, while the same verse was constantly repeated, and 
at every repetition, with increased rapidity. Altogether 
the scene was one of the most extraordinary I had ever 
witnessed, and except among the howling dervishes of 
Bagdad and the whirling dervishes of Damascus, I re- 
member nothing in the remotest degree resembling it. 
It was well that the assembly was speedily after this 
dispersed; because I think another half hour would have 
carried the fervor so high, that it might have ended in 
scenes which would have astonished and disgusted the 
spectators, and not have been very honorable to the 
performers. 

During the whole period of this worship, which lasted 
about two hours, I was endeavoring to settle in my mind 
the debatable question, of whether the people, whom I 
paw before me, were practicing a delusion on themselves, 
or endeavoring to impose upon and deceive others. I 
had had the same difficulty before in witnessing the fol- 
lies of the Christian devotees at Jerusalem and through- 
out the Holy Land, where the various sects of eastern 
Christians endeavor to outvie each other in the extrava- 
gancies of their penances and ceremonies. I had felt 



324 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

similar doubts when seeing the fantastic conduct of Mo- 
hammedan fakirs and dervishes in Egypt and Arabia, 
and Hindoo devotees in Bengal and Bombay. The con- 
clusion to which I came in all these cases was the same, 
namely, that there was much more of sincerity in their 
belief and conduct, 'than the world generally supposed; 
and that instead of attempting to dupe others, they were 
deluding themselves. The exceptions to this rule are so 
rare, as to form an inconsiderable fraction of the whole 
number; and, strange as such infatuation may appear, 
there has never yet been an age or country free from it, 
in some shape or other, as the history, of the world 
abundantly testifies. 

When the assembly had broken up, I sought and ob- 
tained an interview with one of the male elders, who 
readily answered all the inquiries I made of him; and on 
my expressing a desire to procure any authentic publica- 
tions which might be in existence, relative to the history 
aud peculiar views of their community, he referred me to 
the office of the village, where I went for that purpose. We 
were received here by one of the female Shakers, a well- 
grown and pretty young woman, of about twenty, with 
some color yet remaining in her cheek, dark and express- 
ive eyes, and a very cheerful and smiling countenance. 
Her conversation was intelligent, free from any appear- 
ance of restraint, and her manner most easy and natural. 
She readily answered our inquiries, and furnished me 
with four different works, published under the sanction 
of the community, and, therefore, to be relied on for their 
occuracy, as regarded the history, doctrines, and prac- 
tices of the sect. I expressed a wish, however, to obtain, 
in addition to these, a copy of the hymns sung by them 
during their worship; but she said, no copies of these 
had been published for the world. I requested her to 
ask of the elders, whether one used by themselves could 
be lent me for a few days, when it should be returned ; 
but her application was unsuccessful, as the elders had 
objections to their being seen or circulated beyond the 
limits of their own community. 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 325 

On Monday, the 16th of July, we left Albany, to pay 
a visit to Mr. E. C. Delavan, at his country residence, 
near Ballston Springs, in Saratoga county, with whom 
we had promised to spend a week before going to the 
springs at Saratoga. We left Albany at 9 o'clock, by 
the rail road cars for Schenectady, and after a ride of 
about 16 miles, through a pleasant and fertile country, 
which occupied nearly an hour, we arrived at this city 
about 10 o'clock. On entering it we descended over a 
steep hill, by an inclined plain, which commences about 
a mile from the town, and the view from this elevation 
is commanding and agreeable. 

Schenectady, which retains the Indian name of the 
settlement on which it was first built, is one of the oldest 
cities in the United States. Some authorities give it 
precedence, by a year or two, over Albany, make it 
therefore equal in antiquity with Jamestown, in Vir- 
ginia, which was settled in 1608; others consider it 
a year or two posterior to Albany, which was settled in 
1612; either account, therefore, making it more than two 
centuries old, which, for America, is a high degree of 
antiquity. 

Schenectady is seated on the banks of the river Mo- 
hawk, which winds in great beauty along the level plain 
whereon the city stands. Its incorporated extent is very 
considerable, comprehending, as we were told, a square 
of fifteen miles on each side; but, like Washington, 
neither occupied, nor ever likely to be built on, to one- 
third of its chartered dimensions. 

The present population of Schenectady, after its two 
centuries of existence, does not embrace more than 6,000 
persons; and there is perhaps no city of the same amount 
of inhabitants in all the state, that has been so stationary 
of late years, as this. It was burnt down by the Indians 
in 1690; and suffered considerable injury by a large fire 
in 1819 since which the buildings have assumed a more 
modern appearance than those of the old Dutch settlers, 
of which the town was before chiefly composed. 

There is a Lyceum in the city, of a curiously mixed 



326 Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 

gothic architecture, but the principal establishment here 
is Union College, the president of which, the Rev. Dr. 
Nott, was the companion of our journey from Albany to 
Schenectady. This establishment is built on an eminence 
to the eastward of the city, of which, and the Mohawk 
river, it commands a fine view. The expense of its erec- 
tion and furniture, with all the necessary apparatus of 
education, has cost upwards of 300,000 dollars, or 60,- 
000, the funds for which were partly advanced by the 
state, and partly raised by lotteries for that purpose, 
authorized by the state. The number of students in the 
college exceeds 200; and the expense of each student, 
including all charges, is about 150 dollars, or 30 per 
annum. Its religious and literary character ranks high 
among the public institutions of the Union, and it is 
consequently very popular with the community. 

As the rail road for Utica and the west, branches off 
from this place, while that for Ballston and Saratoga goes 
on to the north, we had to change our cars, and found 
the facilities for this quite as great as any similar esta- 
blishment in England. By this train, which traveled 
at about the same rate as the former, twenty miles in the 
hour, we reached our destination about eleven o'clock; 
and finding Mr. Delavan waiting for us with a carriage, 
we were taken by him to his farm at Ballston Centre, 
and were cordially welcomed by his amiable wife and 
himself, as to our own home. 

We remained at this agreeable and happy abode for 
about ten days, in the full enjoyment of the most de- 
lightful weather, pleasant rides and walks, books, occa- 
sional visitors, and frank hearted and intelligent enter- 
tainers, full of elevated thoughts and benevolent feelings, 
and never more happy than while projecting plans and 
indulging hopes for the improvement of the condition of 
society. 

Mr. Delavan had been one of the first to commence the 
great work of temperance reform, in America, and had de- 
voted about seven years of active service, to the editorship 
of the Temperance Intelligencer and Recorder, published 



Buckingham's Sojourn in Albany. 327 

at Albany. In addition to this, he had expended, from 
his own private purse, upwards of 50,000 dollars, or 
10,000 sterling, in support of the cause; and on resign- 
ing his situation as chairman of the executive committee 
of the Temperance society, in 1836, he presented the 
funds with a donation of 10,000 dollars more, to be ex- 
pended in establishing agencies for promoting temperance 
within the state of New York alone. During our stay 
here, he had been called off to Philadelphia to meet his 
colleagues, or brother members of the American Tem- 
perance Union, some of whom came from Virginia, others 
from Maryland, and others from equally distant points of 
the country, to confer together on a plan for exending 
the benefit of their labors to Europe, for placing some 
temperance documents in the hands of all the emigrants 
leaving England and elsewhere for the United States, and 
for bringing some plan to bear on the numerous class 
engaged in steam navigation on the western rivers of 
America. 



(328) 

CITY OF ALBANY, 1823. 

[From the Albany Daily Advertiser.] 



It can not have escaped the observation of any intel- 
ligent citizen that Albany has of late years been rapidly 
yet steadly improving in wealth and commercial and 
local advantages ; the simple fact that the population has, 
without any artificial impulse, doubled since the last 
government census, is an unanswerable proof of solid 
prosperity. 

Ten years ago and Albany was just beginning to recover 
from the effects of the pressure of the immediately preced- 
ing years we have no doubt that in the extent and va- 
riety of alterations and improvements since then, no city 
in the Union has undergone greater changes. 

Ten years ago and the now proud and beautiful Acade- 
mic square was a barren clay bank, variegated by an 
occassional saw-pit, or a group of reclining cows then 
the whole of the upper part of Columbia street was a high 
hill unoccupied and impassable as a street, and the great- 
er part of Chapel street was in rainy wether a complete 
mud-hole. 

Ten years ago, of the whole row of handsome dwellings 
now standing on the south side of the Capitol square, 
only one was then erected; then Daniels street did not 
exist, and the whole south part of Eagle street was a 
most unpromising ravine. 

Ten years ago and juvenile sportsmen used to shoot 
snipe and other small game where now the grand canal 
pours its waters into the Hudson; of all that city that 
has since sprung up in that neighborhood, not a house 
was then standing, while in the south pasture, over whose 
vacant fields the various city regiments used to manoeu- 
vre, we now see orderly platoons of handsome brick 



City of Albany, 1823. 329 

houses, and battalions of streets " dressed" with a beauti- 
ful regularity unattainable by their animated predeces- 
sor. In short, every quarter of the city, north, south, 
east and even the abused and despised west, gives token 
of sound and healty improvement. 

Increased prosperity is accompanied by increased en- 
terprise. Thus we have witnessed the erection of the 
pier, the reclaiming of a very large extent of corporation 
lands from under water, and the readiness with which 
they were purchased and built upon, the leveling of hills, 
the opening and paving of new streets, the incorporation 
of banks, insurance and rail road companies, the 
opening of Clinton square, the institution of the Athe- 
neum and the Institute, the vast number of new build- 
ings, including churches, theatre, assembly rooms, cir- 
cus, the increased number of hotels of the first order, 
both as it regards size and internal arrangements, the 
city baths, the gradual enlargements of an admirable 
museum, the increased number and high standing of our 
clergy, advocates and physicians, the institution and 
successful operation of various societies, the patronage 
given to a large number of steamboats and traveling 
coaches, the erection of an extensive and costly City Hall, 
&c. 

All these naturally resulted from the growth and ad- 
vancement of the city, and were accompanied by corres- 
ponding changes in commerce and mechanic arts. For 
some years past nearly every arrival in New York from 
foreign ports has brought large amounts of every species 
of merchandise for importers in this city, and thus the 
country merchants are enabled to purchase goods to as 
good advantage here as in New York, without the time, 
trouble and expense of a steamboat trip. 

The manufacture of household furniture has been 
brought to a great degree of excellence in this city, and 
there no longer exists any other than an imaginary neces- 
sity for incipient housekeepers to resort to New York to 
make their purchases. 

Ten years ago there were not four families in the city 



330 City of Albany, 1823 

who used grates and burned coal fires their winter fuel 
was laid in at a high price and procured at great trouble 
in New York. Now there is a manufactory here which 
turns out beautiful grates of every variety of patterns, 
and all kinds of coals can be bought in the city at any 
season of the year consequently a great number of 
families consume coals, as more comfortable, safe and 
economical than wood. 

Increased attention has been paid to education for 
some years past; a new seminary for females has been 
erected in the south part of the town, for the greater 
convenience of the enlarged population of that vicinity; 
this institution, and the female academy, managed by 
judicious trustees, and under the care of competent in- 
structors, deserve and doubtless will receive their fair 
proportions of encouragement. 

The guardians of the city academy have reason to con- 
gratulate themselves on the success of the extended and 
liberal plan which they adopted some years since. They 
have enlarged the circle of studies and added to the pro- 
fessorships, and may anticipate an improving reputation 
so long as the institution remains under the supervision 
of the present principal, whose good sense, attainments, 
and fine literary taste, have contributed materially to its 
present standing and welfare. 

Albany generally strikes a stranger unfavorably, on 
account of the miserable state of pavements, which un- 
like every thing else have not improved, but remain a 
constant theme of complaint and execration. If the 
pavements were once put in good repair (not laid down 
with a view to a good job in a year afterwards), they 
might be kept in first rate condition, with very little 
trouble and expense. It was a maxim of Dr. Franklin 
that a tile in time saves nine, and it is equally true that 
a stone in time will save a whole street. A hole that 
might be repaired by one man in half an hour, if left for 
a month, will take five men as many days. We are 
sorry to say that true policy in paving appears to be ter- 
ribly misunderstood in this city. 



City of Albany, 1823. 331 

"VVe can not close these remarks with adverting to the 
commendable spirit and enterprise displayed by the pro- 
prietors of the building now going up at the corner of 
State and Market streets; it will be, when completed, an 
exceedingly fine specimen of tasteful architecture and 
beautiful American marble. We anticipate the time 
when the opposite corner at the intersection of South 
Market street, shall be improved in some similar 
manner, that part of the city will then be very handsome 
and of striking effect. [This is in allusion to the corner 
now known as Douw's Building, which was then occu- 
pied by low two story buildings.] 



(332) 



ANNALS OF THE TEAR 1857. 



JANUARY. 

1. Gov. King was escorted from Congress Hall to the 
Capitol by the Burgesses Corps, where he was sworn into 

office by the Secretary of State Patrick Kelly died, 

aged 60 Mrs. Mary McNulty died, aged 50. 

2. Mrs. Judith, widow of George Pearson, died, aged 
80 Michael Sullivan died, aged 57. 

4. J. B. Palmer died, aged 50 Miss Elizabeth 

Eights died, aged 75; daughter of the late Abraham Eights. 

5. Eliza S., wife of Charles T. Smyth, died, aged 49. 

6. Edward Brinckerhoff died, aged 48 Magdalen, 

widow of Wm. H. Bradstreet, died. 

7. George W. Scott was killed by the accidental dis- 
charge of a gun; age 23 0. H. Chittenden, formerly 

surrogate of the county, died, aged 37 Louisa Ball 

died, aged 21. 

8. Thermometer 10 below 0. The roads leading to the 
city were blocked up with snow, the drifts in some places 
being ten feet high. In consequence the State street 
market was lean and bare, being supplied almost entirely 
by the city farmers. 

11. James Gardener died, aged 74 Margaret, wife 

of David Terry died, aged 68 Mary Ann, wife of 

Robert Homer, died, aged 20* 

14. A fire damaged the saw factory of Gregory & Co., 
in Liberty street. 

15. There were 520 persons in the Alms House, of 
which 84 were insane. 

16. A fire in Weil & Allen's clothing establishment; 
less, $300. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 333 

18. Thermometer 21 deg. below zero James D. 

Burt died, aged 35. 

19. Extremely cold, with much snow and wind 

Railway trains delayed on all the roads Mrs. D. 

Bundy died, aged 29. 

20. Nathaniel Davis died, aged 77. He came to this 
city early in life, and was at first engaged in navigating 
a sloop on the river, and afterwards, from 1811 to 1830 
composed one of the firm of Davis & Center, doing a large 
forwarding business. He was an upright merchant and 
an amiable and popular man. He was one of the original 
board of trustees of the Second Presbyterian Church, 
with which he had been connected about forty years. 

The delegates of the Sabbath School Convention of the 
State of New York, met at the Hudson Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of which Hon. John 0. Cole was 

elected president The rail roads being blocked with 

snow in almost every direction, prevented so full an at- 
tendance as was expected. 

21. Jeremiah C. Mahoney, aged 25, died at the Hospital 

of injuries received by a rail road accident Mrs. Ann 

Cameron died, aged 65 John Collins died, aged 25. 

22. John G. Gill died, aged 59 Thermometer at 

4 o'clock p. m. 4 deg. below zero; at 9 o'clock 10 deg. 
below zero. 

23. Thermometers at different points indicated 20 to 
26 deg. below zero in the morning. At 3 p. m. 4 deg. 
below zero. The winter had scarcely a parallel in the 
annals of temperature John Hartness died, aged 43. 

24. The thermometers ranged from 21 to 28 deg. in the 

morning George W. Hosford, formerly of Albany, 

died at San Francisco, aged 24. 

27. Richard E. Street died, aged 23 Samuel J. 

Rose died, aged 27. 

28. Henry Lewis died, aged 79 Dr. Charles F. 

Goss died, aged 41. 

29. A fire at 2 o'clock in the morning destroyed th6 
carriage factory of Long & Silsby in South Pearl street. 
Another fire at 10'clock at night destroyed G. 0. Shaw's 

[Annals, ix.] 29 



334 Annals of the Year 1857. 

tailor shop in South Pearl street, and a milliner's shop. 

Elizabeth C. Hance, sometime an efficient teacher 

of the State Normal School, died at Porterage, Ohio. 
30. Giles Sanford died, aged 59. 

FEBRUARY. 

2. Jasper Moore, died, aged 65. 

3. The New York State Medical Society had its 50th 
Anniversary meeting, at the City Hall. It is the oldest 
medical society in the United States. 

4. Mrs. Sarah Wright died, aged 54 The State 

Medical Society had a semi-centennial supper at the 
Delavan House. 

5. A fire slightly damaged a house on the corner of 
Hawk and Washington streets The election for offi- 
cers of the Young Men's Association, resulted in the choice 
of Clinton Cassidy as president. 

6. Richard Cramer died, aged 52. 

8. The river was so much swollen by the rain which 
fell during the day, and the breaking up of the upper 
rivers, that the ice started about half past 10 in the 
evening, and choking up below the water set back, rising 
so rapidly as to submerge stores and dwellings, causing 
an unprecedented amount of suffering and loss. Three 
establishments in which lime was stored were set on 
fire by the slacking of the lime, and being surrounded 
by water so as to be unapproachable by the fire com- 
panies, were consumed. 

9. At 8 o'clock in the morning the water covered 
Broadway above Maiden lane, and entered the stores on 
the west side which were a foot above the side walks, 
where water had never been seen before. It was full 
three feet higher than the great deluge of 1839, which 
was higher than had been remembered before Corne- 
lia Groesbeeck died, aged 90. 

10. William Merrifield died, aged 33 The State 

Agricultural Society held its annual meeting at their 
rooms, in the Geological Hall. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 335 

11. William Murdock died, aged 28 Charles Davis 

died, aged 52. 

12. Mary, wife of P. Mclntyre, died, aged 31 Up- 
wards of $5100 had been subscribed for the sufferers by 
the flood The State Agricultural Rooms were dedi- 
cated by the governor Wm. Forby died, aged 62. 

13. John S. Walsh died, aged 62, formerly a hardware 
merchant, son of Dudley Walsh, an eminent merchant 
of the last century. 

14. AndrewS. Huxley died, aged 25 William K. 

Cole, formerly of Albany, died at Jacksonville, Florida. 

17. The ice which had formed in the river immediately 
after the late freshet, again broke away, and the water 

began to rise A man on board the Hudson River 

Rail Road ferry boat jumped into the river and was 
drowned. 

18. Melandea Deuel, wife of Ph. Snyder, died, aged 27. 

19. Elizabeth Morehead died, aged 20 Mrs. John 

S. Mulligan died, aged 40 Wm. Daum died, aged 27. 

20. A convention of abolitionists met at the Young 
Men's Association Rooms, at which William H. Topp, a 
colored gentleman, presided, and Miss Susan B. Anthony, 
a white woman, officiated as secretary. .1.. At 8 o'clock 
in the evening, during a hail storm there was a flash of 
lightning and heavy thunder. 

21. A committee of the Board of Trade visited the 
barrier of ice below the. city, and found it to extend from 
Van Wie's point to Castleton, and so thick and solid, as 
to defy any attempt to open the channel while the ice re- 
mained firm below Charles Galpin, the originator of 

the Albany Microscope, died, aged 57. 

22. Samuel Lee, formerly of Albany, died in New- 
York, aged 77. 

23. The military celebrated the day. The custom- 
ary oration was delivered by W. S. Heavenor The 

members of Fire King Engine No. 11, had a trial of the 
machine at the City Hall, and succeeded in throwing 
water to the top of the flag staff, a hight of 152 feet. 

24. The water had receded so far that the pier was 



336 Annals of the Year 1857. 

approachable by pedestrians for the first time since the 

8th inst Four wagon loads of provisions and other 

necessaries, were contributed by the Shakers to the suf- 
ferers by the high water. 

25. During the early hours of the day the ice dam 
disappeared in the gorge below the city, and the entire 
channel was found to be unobstructed, except by floating 
masses. The retiring water disclosed the unshapen mass 
which remained of the State street bridge. 

26. Martha, wife of John Rea, died William Wat- 
son owner of the Unadilla Bank, died at his residence in 
Columbia street, aged 53. 

27. The steamboat Hendrick Hudson reached the 
landing from New York at an early hour in the morning, 
being the first boat up. 

28. Capt. Barnum Whipple died on Staten Island, 
aged 77. His remains were removed to the family 
burying ground in this city. 

Commodore Whipple was born at Sunderland, in Ver- 
mont ; but for nearly 60 years was a resident of Albany. 
He was engaged in the commercial marine, on the river 
and coast, and was captain of a vessel upon the Hudson 
before the age of steam, and when that river was the 
great avenue of commerce and travel. He thus became 
acquainted with most of the distinguished men of the age, 
and in after life his reminiscences of early times were in- 
teresting and instructive. 

While thus engaged, he directed his efforts and suc- 
ceeded in calling the attention of the U. S. government to 
a system of light houses upon the river for the protection 
of vessels. With the same eye to the interests of the 
commerce, in which he had been engaged, he projected 
the system of dykes, by which the waters of the river 
were concentrated, and the channel at the Overslaugh 
deepened. His experience in the navigation of the river, 
and his strength and clearness of observation, gave great 
weight to his recommendations. 

He retired from active business with a sufficient for- 
tune; but though he was not destined to retain this, he 



Annals of the Year 1857. 337 

was active in the promotion of schemes for the improve- 
ment of the city. The project of supplying the whole 
city with an adequate supply of water was first actively 
agitated by him, and he succeeded by appeals through 
the press, and calls of public meetings, in forcing public 
attention to the subject. 

He was appointed by President Van Buren, inspector 
of customs, was harbor master under the city government, 
and held other offices of trust and honor. 

He was a man of great native force of intellect eccen- 
tric in opinions, and hearty in their utterance but of a 
fine gentlemanly presence and interesting conversation. 
He had been a partial invalid for many years ; but his 
death at last was quiet and serene. Atlas and Argus. 

MARCH. 

1. William Thompson died, aged 78. 

2. Winter returned, covering the earth with snow 
again, and closing the river so that no boat arrived from 
New York; three boats left the docks here, but got 
aground at Castleton, and remained there all the next 
day A fire took place in a Washington street bakery. 

3. Thermometer 2 deg. below 0, in the morning, and 
the steam boats were frozen in at various places in the 
river above Poughkeepsie. 

4. The Board of Trade held a meeting to consider the 
state of the sand bar at Castleton. They resolved to ap- 
ply to the legislature for $100,000 to remove it. 

5. A fire occurred about 1 o'clock a. m., which de- 
stroyed a carpenter's shop and dwelling house on Arbor 
hill Elizabeth, wife of John Halferty, died, aged 34. 

6. Catharina Aloysius, wife of Cornelius Droogan, died, 

aged 31 Elizabeth A., wife of Michael Pettingill, 

died. George Waugh died, aged 40 The steam 

boats which had recently visited Albany, were laid up 
till the river should be clear of ice, except the Isaac 
Newton, which attempted the passage with a heavy load 
of freight. 

7. The Burgesses Corps returned from Washington, 



338 Annals of the Year 1857. 

where they were the guests of Cornelius Wendell, form- 
erly a member of the corps The steamboat Isaac 

Newton, left New York at 3 o'clock Friday morning, but 
did not reach Albany till Saturday afternoon. 

8. An alarm of fire in the morning, at a house in South 
Pearl street; damage trifling, Another alarm in the 

evening, caused by the burning of a chimney. The 

river was closed over with ice again for 130 miles below 
this city. 

9. A fire in the morning at a bone factory in the lower 
part of the city; damage light. 

11. James Leonard died, aged 33 L. A. Chase 

died at Charleston, S. C., whither he had gone for the 
recovery of his health. 

13. Jane McBride died, aged 50 Eliza A., wife of 

G. W. Ryckman, died at San Francisco, aged 54. 

15. Anna S. Wendell, daughter of the late Harmanus 

Wendell, died, aged 59 John I. Godfrey, formerly an 

Albany merchant, died at Sandlake. 

17. Services in all the Catholic churches, and a pane- 
gyric upon St. Patrick was pronounced at the Cathedral 
by the bishop of Louisville, Ky. 

18. The steam boat Oregon arrived from New York 
during the forenoon, reporting the channel free from ice, 
and the Isaac Newton, which had been ice bound since 

the 7th, proceeded to New York George Wood died, 

aged 61; formerly of the firm of Webster & W T ood, print- 
ers Charity Weaver died, aged 92 Inquests were 

held on the bodies of John Naughton of Washington street, 
and James Sanders in State street, both of whom died of 

disease of the lungs very suddenly Dr. Henry S. 

Steele died at Roxbury, Mass., aged 29. 

19. Mrs. Elizabeth Ann, widow of Leverett Crutten- 

den, died, aged 82 Edward Everett repeated his 

eulogy on Washington in the Second Presbyterian 
Church, realizing by both readings about $1500. 

20. William Jones died, aged 69. 

21. Peter Conine died at Lexington, Ky., aged 43. 

A man named Grady was killed by the falling in of the 
sides of a pit in which he stood. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 339 

22. Charles Blackall died, aged 62. 

23. William Pine died, aged 24. 

24. Benjamin Westervelt died in Watervliet, aged 75; 
sometime since a resident of Albany. 

25. The steam boat Isaac Newton, on her way up the 
river from New York, ran on a rock in a fog, and sunk 

after her passengers and cargo were removed. James 

Luther Spencer died, aged 27. 

26. Anna M. Bridgen died in New York, aged 69. She 
was born in Albany, and is recollected as a person of 
extraordinary intellectual faculties. 

27. A fire in South Broadway destroyed a junk shop 
and plumbing establishment of Chauncey Whitney & 

Son. Loss about $4000 Mrs. Mary H. Haskell died, 

aged 63. 

30. A match between two horses, $2500 stakes, from 
Albany to W 7 hitesboro, 100 miles. One of them gave out 
at Frankfort, the other reached Whitesboro in 12J hours, 
performing the greatest feat on record. Of the distance 
82 miles were made in 7h. 50m. But we understand a 
Mr. Brown once drove a horse from Utica to Albany 
between sun and sun, and drove the same horse back the 
next day between sun and sun; and he drove the same 
horse the same season to Sackett's Harbor and back on 
successive days, from sunrise to sunset. It is on re- 
cord also that a hack team has been driven from Utica 

to Albany in a single day Jonathan Wood died in 

New York, aged 62; for 30 years connected with the 
Swiftsure line of tow boats at Albany. 

APRIL. 

1. The felly manufactory of Winne, Link & Co. was 
partially burnt; loss small. 

2. The grocery of Henry Hendler, 221 South Pearl 
street was burnt. 

3. An Albanian, named Charles Wilson, was found 
dead in his bed at a hotel in New York, supposed to 
have taken poison Henry Laney died aged 20. 



340 Annals of the Year 1857. 

4. A fire occurred in the Yellow Block, on South 

Broadway; damage slight Frederick H. Mayer died, 

aged 39 Hosea Knowlton died A merchant 

named Glickstone fell dead in South Pearl street. 

8. Mrs. Elizabeth Goodland died, aged 65 years. 

9. John Sheridan died, aged 48 William Kings- 
bury died, aged 33. 

11. William McMurdy died, aged 29 Mrs. Mary, 

wife of William Mayell, died, aged 53. 

12. William Shey died, aged 48 An alarm of fire, 

caused by the burning of a dwelling in Dallius street, 

which was extinguished without much damage The 

old depot of the Mohawk and Hudson rail road, at the 
southern extremity of the city, fell down from decay. 
James S. Brown, died, aged 57. 

13. Dr. H. A. Edmonds died Mrs. Anna, wife of 

Walter Van Vechten, and daughter of Abram Van Vech- 
ten, died at Schuylerville. 

14. Mrs. Ann Vaughan, wife of Alexander Nicholl, 

died, aged 24 Mrs. Mary, wife of John Relyea, died, 

aged 24. 

18, Eleanor Peterson died, aged 75 Robert W. 

Dunbar, died, aged 84 Thos. A. Moore died, aged 26. 

20. Extensive snowstorm William Mayell died, 

aged 57. (See p. 172, vol. 3.) 

21. Mrs. Frederic W. Hoffman died, aged 22. 

23. John Bussy died, aged 64. 

24. Edward T. Bedell died, aged 27 Wm. Gaston 

Costigan died, aged 22. 

25. David Kay died, aged 82. 

26. Mrs. Thomas Ranney, formerly of Albany, died at 
Burmah. 

27. Hugh Gillespie died, aged 78 Owen Rodgers 

died, aged 82. 

29. Hannah Leedings died, aged 25. 

30. A fire in Lydius street damaged the house of J. N. 

Keeler Mrs. Henrietta, wife of Martin Deahl, died, 

aged 21 Asa H. Centre, formerly an Albany mer- 
chant, died in New York, aged 79. (See p. 333.) 



Annals of the Year 1857. 341 

MAY. 

I. The sheds on the west side of Townsend's furnace 
were destroyed by fire. Another fire damaged but too 
slightly an old building in Green street. 

4. The Albany Morning Express was issued by Stone 
& Henly who formerly published a paper under the same 

title Bridget, wife of John Butler, died, aged 28 

Harriet, wife of Charles H.Radcliffe, died, aged 25 

The common council resolved to pay the interest on the 
Northern Rail Road bonds, which at a previous meeting 
it was determined to suspend the payment of. They 
also increased the pay of laborers in their employ to 
$1- 12 a day. 

5. John Carson died, aged 44 George B. Thomp- 
son died, aged 28, 

6. The heavy rains and melting of the snow at the 
west and north swelled the river so as to inundate the 
pier and docks. The tillers of the, island lost all their 
labor in preparing their gardens, and farmers in the up- 
lands were still unable to prepare their grounds for sow- 
ing and planting In taking down the building in 

South Pearl street, formerly occupied by Ezra Ames as a 
portrait gallery, a part of the wall fell, injuring several 
persons, among whom was a lad named Roseboom, who 
died in consequence. 

7. Mrs. Catharine Metz died, aged 66 The steam 

boat Baltic caught fire at an early hour in the morning, 
but was soon extinguished. 

9. Mrs. Mary Gleason died, aged 46. 

II. Elizabeth Janes died, aged 83 John Webster 

died at Detroit ; son of the late George Webster of Albany. 

12. Thermometer at 34 degrees on Arbor hill Wil- 
liam Maxwell died, aged 55. 

13. Mrs. Abby, wife of Elihu Russell, died, as^ed 71. 

Barbary Luscom died, aged 21 Wm. Edward Hickcox 

died, aged 38 Thomas Mallen died, aged 60. 

14. Erastus R. Phelps died, aged 36 John Steven- 
son died, aged 80. 



342 Annals of the Year 1857. 

15. The Mansion House, kept for several years by 
William Griffin, was suddenly closed, by the failure of 
the proprietor. 

16. The newly appointed governor of Kansas, Robert 
J. Walker, and his suite, arrived in this city, on his route 
to that territory George Harrison died, aged 37. 

17. Horace B. Day died, aged 21 Thomas Walker 

died, aged 30. 

May 19. The Bank of Albany was removed from its old 
banking house, 44 State street, to the new one in Broad- 
way, above State. 

21. Kebecca Fredendall died, aged 70. 

23. Mary Shultz died, aged 83. 

24. The news rooms, which had always been open on 
Sunday since their establishment, were closed by unani- 
mous consent of all the dealers in newspapers and maga- 
zines. 

25. Mrs. Mary, wife of Robert Boyd, died, aged 74 

E. S. Bliss died, aged 60. 

26. Mrs. Phebe King died, aged 60. 

27. Christopher Shultz died, aged 84 A fire de- 
stroyed a wooden dwelling in the south part of the city, 
known as Groesbeckville, from John Groesbeck, who 
built the village. 

29. A fire damaged the dry goods store of McMichael, 
Gordon & Co., to the amount of several thousand dol- 
lars.. . . .Isaac Thayer, formerly" a resident of Albany, 
died at Cincinatti, aged 65. 

30. A fire was discovered in the bedstead factory, cor- 
ner of James street and Maiden lane; damage slight. 

31. Laura H., wife of George W. Beardslee, died, 
aged 41. 

JUNE. 

1. Gansevoort Quackenbush died, aged 56 Patrick 

Hopkins died, aged 85 Simon V. Olney, a native of 

Albany, died at Utica, aged 56. He removed to that 
city in 1823, and became one of its wealthiest and most 
respected citizens. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 343 

3. J. E. H. Moore died, aged 30. 
6. Fanny Chollar, wife of Henry Richmond, died, aged 
66. 

9. Abraham R. Ten Eyck died, aged 82. He came to 
this city in 1796, a protege of Hugh Gaine, the noted 
New York bookseller, and opened a book store in Broad- 
way, under the firm name of Gaine & Ten Eyck. He 
retired from business in 1820. At the time of his death 
he was the oldest resident in Broadway. He died in the 
same house in which he commenced business 61 years 
before. 

10. Mrs. P. Cunningham died, aged 36 Charlotte 

A., wife of Thomas Goldwaite, died, aged 22. 

11. Patrick Brennan died, aged 47. 

12. Catharine Roach died, aged 73. 

13. Nelson Salisbury died, aged 46. 

14. A new Baptist mission chapel was dedicated in 
North Pearl street, between Wilson and Lumber, sermon 

by Rev. Dr. Hague A society termed the Ranters, 

worshiping in Philip street, were so noisy as to disturb 
the services in the First Presbyterian Church, and the 
police were called upon to restore order. The society 
was not an offshoot of any one church, but was made up 
of members from every methodist church in the city. It 
numbered eighty members, and was known as the Free 
Central Methodist Episcopal Church. The new church 
was started for the purpose of affording citizens one 
church, besides the Bethel, where seats in all parts of 
the edifice could be had without money and without 
price. 

15. Louisa, wife of Dr. Albert Ritchie, and daughter 
of the late Benj. D. Packard, died at Frederick, Md. 

16. Richard Farley, aged 32, fell into the canal and 

was drowned The semi-annual convention of the 

State Temperance Society was held at the capitol, E. C. 
Delavan, president. 

17. The new chapel attached to the First Presbyterian 
Church was dedicated in the evening Lynot Blood- 
good died at Enfield, Ct., aged 76. He was born in 



344 Annals of the Year 1857. 

Albany, and belonged to one of those families whose 
names are associated with the early history and progress 
of our city, and was familiarly known to most of its in- 
habitants. He had lived for some years in Utica, 
whither his remains were carried at his own request, to 
be deposited by the side of other members of the family. 

18. The steam saw mill of Winne & Link was disco- 
vered to be on fire about 12 o'clock at night, and extin- 
guished before it had made much progress Jane, wife 

of Patrick Scott, died. 

19. Mary Lennard died, aged 49. 

22. Henry Link died, aged 36 Allen H. Weaver 

died, aged 25. 

23. John J. Finn died, aged 57 Mrs. J. W. St. John, 

formerly of Albany, died at Bern, aged 65. 

27. Mary, wife of John Scace, died, aged 47 Jas. 

McDonald and W. W. Wright took the contract for lay- 
ing the substructure of the rail road bridge across the 
river, at $300,000. 

28. Thomas Taylor died, aged 45. 

29. Martin Hillebrant was killed by being run over 

by a loaded wagon The Albany Evening Herald was 

merged in the Albany Evening Union. 

30. John Langrish died, aged 29. 

JULY. 

1. Public school No. 12, situated in Robin street, was 
dedicated appropriately. J. Prentice, principal.. . . .Jane 
Ann Hurdis, wife of H. N. Weaver, died at Petersburg, 

Va., formerly of Albany A fire in Dallius street, 

about 7 o'clock in the evening, considerably damaged a 
dwelling house Louisa Page died, aged 31. 

2. Thomas Heffernan died, aged 55 Philip Dunn 

died, aged 72. 

3. Ellen, wife of John Dummery, died, aged 27 

Henry Carey died, aged 68 Margaret, widow of John 

Campbell, died, aged 44. 

4. William L. Marcy died at Ballston, aged 71. He 



Annals of the Year 1857. 345 

was struck down by a disease of the heart and expired 
in a short time after the attack. The unhappy event 
was totally unlocked for. Since the ex-governor retired 
from the cabinet he had enjoyed a return of health that 
made his friends hope that he would be spared to the 
world for many years yet. Providence had ruled other- 
wise, and taken from our midst one of the great minds of 
the age. Ex-gov. Marcy had been a prominent citizen 
for nearly 40 years, and has ever played a manly, 
straightforward part in the political history of this state, 
As a writer Mr. Marcy was at once vigorous and good 
natured. He never attacked a person without cause. 
He always fought on the defensive, not because he lacked 
courage and firmness, but because he preferred the ame- 
nities of life to its thorns and satire. In his correspond- 
ence with Austria and Great Britain, Mr. Marcy exhibited 
a power which marked him as one of the most skillful 
diplomatists that the world has ever seen. It is to these 
papers that his friends will ever point as the true monu- 
ments of his greatness. 

He was born in Worcester county, Mass., December 
12, 1786 ; at the time of his death therefore, he was in 
the 71st year of his age. He graduated at Brown uni- 
versity in 1808. He studied law in Troy, and served 
with distinguished ability in the war of 1812. In 1816 
he was appointed recorder of Troy. He held that office 
two years and was then removed by the Clintonians. In 
1821 the Democrats honored him by making him comp- 
troller. During the year 1821 he removed from Troy to 
Albany. In 1829 he was made judge of the supreme 
court. He was elected to the United States senate in 
1831. In 1832 he was elected governor, and retired 
from the senate. He held the office of governor six 
years. In 1845 President Polk honored him by making 
him secretary of war. He filled this office during the 
whole Mexican war, and with an ability that commanded 
the admiration even of his enemies. In 1848 Zachary 
Taylor was elected president. Mr. Marcy retired from 
the war office in 1849. President Pierce made Mr. Marcy 

[Annals, ix.] 30 



346 Annals of the Year 1857. 

secretary of state. It is doubtful whether the laborious 
duties of this office were ever discharged with more 
honor to the republic. On the accession of President 
Buchanan Mr. Marcy retired from public service with 
the intention, we believe, of becoming a private citizen 
for the remainder of his life. Atlas and Argus. 

5. A fire occurred in the attic of Newitter's dry goods 
store, in South Pearl street; damage slight ... .Patrick 
Smyth, formerly of Albany, died at Milwaukie, aged 39. 

6. An unknown man was found drowned at the foot of 
Lydius street. 

7. Christian Rapp died, aged 74. .. .The corpse of Gov. 
Marcy arrived from Ballston by the 2 o'clock train, and 
while minute guns were firing under charge of the Em- 
mett Guards, a procession, preceded by the Burgesses 
Corps, consisting of citizens of Saratoga and Schenec- 
tady, to the number of nearly two hundred, proceeded to 
the Capitol. .. .Wm. H. Robinson, recently of Albany, 
died at Watertown, aged 33. 

8. Funeral of ex-governor Marcy, by far the largest 
funeral procession ever witnessed in Albany. Several 
of the former governors of the state, and two ex-pre- 
sidents, Van Buren and Pierce, were present. There 
were 27 military companies and 17 fire companies in the 
procession, which exceeded two miles in length. The 
corpse was taken to the Cemetery on the Watervliet road. 

9. David Callender died. 

10. A fire caught in the cupola of Vose & Go's fur- 
nace, and called out the machines. 

11. An alarm of fire was raised by the burning of an 
old canal boat used as a carpenter's shop, in the basin. 

12. A fire destroyed a number of cattle sheds belong- 
ing to the Bull's Head tavern, on Washington avenue. 
Loss about $4,000. Several other buildings were con- 
siderably damaged. A fireman was badly injured. . . . 
This was the first warm day of the season; temperature 
90 to 94 deg. 

13. Jacob Kluteman died, aged 35. . . .Faustino Can- 
toni died, aged 30,... A cricket match was begun be- 



Annals of the Year 1857. 347 

tween 18 of the State of New York and 11 of the City of 
New York, on the grounds of the Albany club. The 
heat was oppressive ; 94 deg. in the shade. 

14. Angelica Kidney died, aged 57.... Mrs. Rhoda 
Dubois died Thermometer 98 deg. in the shade. 

15. A fire on the Shaker road destroyed a dwelling 
house ; the city bells were rung on the occasion, about 1 
o'clock in the morning. .. .Jasper Ackerman, who had 
been sometime missing, and was supposed to have been 
murdered, was found in Albany. His friends had just 
offered a reward for him of $200. An innocent man had 
been imprisoned under suspicion of being the murderer. 

16. Thomas Fitz Simmons died, aged 47 William 

Griffin, late proprietor of the Mansion House hotel, died 
at Schenectady, of mental aberration. 

17. Mrs. Rhoda Webster died, aged 80 The steam 

boat Isaac Newton, which sunk in the river some months 
before this, made her appearance at the dock in all the 
freshness of new paint. 

18. James E. Thompson died, aged 40. 

19. John W. Cluett died, aged 53. 

21. Rebecca, wife of John Brown, died, aged 57. 

22. A dwelling house in Orange street, took fire about 
2 o'clock in the morning ; damage nearly $1000. . . .Es- 
ther M. Gibbons, wife of S. B. McCoy, died A fire in 

the evening destroyed a mill in Tivoli hollow, of small 
value. . . .The Bank of the Interior went into operation; 
capital $600,000. 

24. William Green died, aged 37 Mrs. Maria Ro- 
bertson died, aged 57. . . .Francis J. Jacobs died, aged 38. 

25. Great rain storm, which burst the drains, and 
tore up the streets, doing great damage in every part of 
the city; 2^ inches rain fell. ...The Clinton Hotel was 
sold for $12,300, to Henry Blatner. 

26. A fire at 163 Hamilton street, about noon, dam- 
aged the premises to the amount of about $1300. 

27. One of the first fruits of discovery made at the 
Dudley Observatory, was that of a comet, seen by Dr. 
Peters, in the first hour of the morning. 



348 Annals of the Year 1857. 

28. Edward Mulhall died, aged 26. 

29. Intelligence was received that Judge Nelson had 
granted an injunction restraining the Hudson River 
Bridge Company from building their bridge at Albany, 
under act of the Legislature of 1856, on the ground of 
the unconstitutionality of the act.... Mrs. Catalina, 
widow of Isaac Arnold, died, aged 94. . . .Johanna, wife of 
Timothy Taafe, died, aged 49. 

30. Rebecca Winne died, aged 21. 



AUGUST. 

2. A military funeral cortege, from West Troy, passed 
through the city to the cemeteries on State street, with 
the body of James Dinnigan, of Port Schuyler. 

4. John J. Shuffelt died, aged 72. 

5. Wm. P. Pepper died, aged 35. 

7. A pair of elks was driven through the streets, at- 
tached to the wagon of a patent medicine vender. 

8. Jesse P. Mitchell died, aged 71. His funeral was 
attended by the Republican Artillery, of which he had 
been captain a number of years, and by the Masonic fra- 
ternity of which he had long been a prominent member. 

9. Jarvis Streeter died, aged 81. 

10. A fire destroyed several cattle sheds belonging to 
the Bull's Head tavern, in Washington street; supposed 
to have been purposely fired by an incendiary. 

11. Mary Hicks, known as Granny Hicks, the oldest 
inmate of the Alms House, died. She had been an in- 
mate of the institution thirty-five years, and was well 
known to visitors as a vender of rag birds, which she 
made up and sold to such as would buy. 

12. Cyprian Bertrand was drowned, while on an ex- 
cursion, aged 29. 

13. Julia E., wife of John Grattan, died, aged 28. 

14. A car on the Northern rail road burnt. . . .Margaret 
McPherson died, aged 81 ... .Sarah, wife of David Bur- 
hans, died, aged 83. .. .John Johnston died, aged 35. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 349 

15. James Horton killed on the Northern rail road, aged 
28. 

17. John T. Crew, formerly of Albany, died at New- 
ark, N. J., aged 64. 

19. Workmen commenced demolishing the old Rock- 
well Mansion House in Broadway. 

20. Catharine Tobin died, aged 67. . . .Bridget, wife of 
Thomas Masterson, died, aged 43. 

21. Bridget, widow of James^Curran, died, aged 46. 

22. Mrs. Mary Lane died, aged 57. .. .Susan, wife of 
J. J. La Grange, died, aged 38. 

23. The sheds of the Bull's Head tavern were fired for 
the third time within a few weeks. . . . George Fredenrich 

died, aged 35 Margaret, wife of John Malone, died, 

aged 35. 

25. Elizabeth, wife of Edward Walker, died, aged 30. 

26. Mrs. Catharine Cochran, died at Oswego, aged 
76. Although from her advanced age and impaired 
strength it was known her years could not be much lon- 
ger protracted, her decease is the occasion of general and 
sympathizing interest. She was among the oldest of our 
inhabitants in years, and among the oldest of the resi- 
dents of our city. She was born at Albany on the 20th 
February, 1781, the daughter of Major-General Schuy- 
ler, the great revolutionary patriot, whose name is so 
illustrious in our revolutionary annals, and for one-half 
of the last century, in all the great events which have left 
their records in the history of New York. The infant 
years of Mrs. Cochran's life were passed in Albany, and 
in the period of the revolution she was exposed to the 
thrilling incidents of the Mohawk frontier. In 1794 we 
believe at the instance of President Washington Gen. 
Schuyler passed through the Oneida wilderness to Oswego, 
then still in occupation of a British garrison. His daugh- 
ter accompanied him and shared in the adventures of 
what was then a difficult and romantic expedition. 

Her first husband was Samuel Malcolm, Esq., son of 
Gen. Malcolm, an eminent citizen of New York, and a 
distinguished soldier of the revolution. He died in early 



350 Annals of the Tear 1857. 

life some forty years since, at Utica, where he with his 
family then resided. Several years subsequently, she 
married our late venerable townsman, Major James 
Cochran, son of Dr. Cochran, the surgeon general of 
the revolutionary army, and with him and her family 
settled in this place in the year 1825. They cleared the 
forest for the habitation, which, with her family, she 
has continued to occupy to the hour of her death. There 
she has lived for thirty-three years, honored, beloved and 
respected by all around her. Honored for her noble 
family connexion, made illustrious by great deeds in our 
colonial and revolutionary history. He was closely al- 
lied by blood to the families of Van Rensselaer, Van 
Cortland, and Livingston, and sister-in-law of the late 
Gen. Alex. Hamilton. Beloved, for her estimable vir- 
tues, and her kind and courteous manners; respected, 
for her mental culture and high intellectual accomplish- 
ments. 

Mrs. Cochran was baptized on the 4th March, 1781, 
by the Rev. Eilardus Westerlo, of the Dutch Reformed 
Church, Gen. and Mrs. Washington, James Van Rens- 
selaer and Margarita Schuyler being her sponsors in bap- 
tism. For the last forty years she has belonged to the 
communion of the Episcopal Church, and has meekly 
adorned her Christian profession by a life of faith, obe- 
dience and resignation. Oswego Times. 

Robert L. Jones died, aged 44. 

27. George T. Richardson died. . . .Jane Ann, wife of 
Isaac W. Staats, formerly of Albany, died at St. Louis, 
Mo., aged 67. 

28. Simeon Fitch, formerly of Albany, died at Oswego, 
aged 83. 

31. The telegraph was completed to Cohoes, and the 
first despatch came over from that place. 

SEPTEMBER. 

2. Mrs. Rachel, widow of Israel Williams, died at 
Blandford, Mass., aged 71. .. .John McMurdy died, aged 
40. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 351 

3. Lurinda, wife of Dr. F. L. R. Chapin, died. 

4. Mrs. Jemima Fisk died, aged 61. 

5. Mrs. Hannah Parsons, widow of John Cutler, died, 
aged 69 A balloon ascension was attempted from Lan- 
caster street above Hawk, but from the bad management 
of filling, it was unsuccessful, Marion, the aeronaut, bare 
ly escaping with his life. It was the fourth attempt of 
the kind that had been made in this city, without success, 
whence he 1 was called Marian, the airy-naut. 

6. John Hinkley died, aged 89. 

7. A frost was perceptible in the morning in some 
localities. The thermometer was at 48 deg. in the city. 

8. William B. Williams died, aged 37 John Lud- 

low, formerly pastor of the North Dutch church, died in 
Philadelphia, aged 64. 

12. Charles M. Van Rensselaer, first officer of the 
Central America steamer, lost with that vessel on her 
return from Panama to New York. 

14. David G. Russell, of Suspension Bridge, died, 
aged 29. 

15. A. J. H. Wengerman died, aged 43 A fire 

damaged a house corner of Green and Lydius streets. 

17. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Robinson, died, aged 
29. 

18. Francis McQuade died, aged 38 Rev. Reuben 

Jeffrey, pastor of the First Baptist church, resigned that 
office. 

19. Sarah, widow of William Campbell, died, aged 
58 John Fay died, aged 75, one of the original pew- 
holders in the Second Presbyterian church. He was in 
business during the war of 1812, and at that time was 
one of the leading merchants of Albany. During the 
war he became connected with the commissary depart- 
ment of the army, and for two years furnished all our 
troops with all their boots and shoes, by which he made 
a large fortune. At the close of the war he held about 
$100,000 worth of tea. Peace caused a fall in this arti- 
cle of about a dollar a pound, which was so severe a loss 
to the house of Fay & Co., as to force it into a com- 



352 Annals of the Year 1857. 

promise. Until the year 1838, Mr. Fay was in the grain 
business on the dock, in the store now owned and occu- 
pied by the Messrs. Sanders. He was a member of Dr. 
Sprague's church, and had been so for nearly half a 
century, having aided in building that structure, and as 
long as fortune favored him was one of its best friends. 
20. Louis Ertzberger died, aged 68. 

22. Martha J., wife of S. V. R. Young, died Ann, 

wife of J. L. Roser, died,, aged 27. 

23. Robert Orssin died, in the 23d year of his age. ... 
Joseph S. Colt, formerly an attorney in this city, died in 
New York, aged 58. 

24. Thos. G. Spicer died, aged 43 William Stevens 

died of the town of Knox, aged 102, the oldest inhabit- 
ant in Albany county. Mr. S. was born in England on 
the first day of April, 1756, and came to this country in 
1775. Both he and his father took part in the war of 
the Revolution. He lived in the town of Knox from 1780 
till his death, a period of 77 years. During all that 
time he was never farther from home than to this city. 

25. Harriet Rowley, wife of Robert Munger, died. 

27. Thomas Gillen died, aged 67. 

28. The depositors in the Albany Savings Bank, made 
a run upon that old and safe institution, which continued 
all day; the amount withdrawn was about $35,000. It 
subsided on the following day. 

29. The common council re-elected Robert Thompson 
chamberlain for the ensuing year. . . ,Prof. Marion as- 
cended in a balloon from Castle Garden, making a daring 
adventure, in consequence of the balloon being imper- 
fectly filled, and only partially equipped fora safe ascen- 
sion. He landed in Nassau, 18 miles distant, in 25 
minutes time. 

30. First considerable frost of the season; thermome- 
ters varying from 32 deg. to 36 deg. in different localities. 

OCTOBER. 

1. Julia W. Dowd died, aged 19. 
3. Robert Neely died, aged 22. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 353 

7. Richard J. Knowlson aged 60, formerly a mer- 
chant in this city, but residing at Sandlake, the last 30 
years, was killed by falling under the locomotive at 
Troy. 

9. Benjamin Fassett died, aged 71. ... Charles S. Mer- 
chant died, aged 37 Thomas B. Ridder died in New- 
York, aged 60. He was a native of Albany, became a 
Hicksite Quaker in Philadelphia, afterwards became a 
member of the society of Shakers at Lebanon; returned 
to Albany about 1830, and was successful in business as 
a tobacconist, and became a prominent politician. He 
removed to New York several years since. 

11. John Laisdell, formerly a fashionable dry goods 
dealer, died. 

14. All the banks in Albany suspended specie pay- 
ments, the banks in the city of New York having first 
closed their vaults Eliza Buck died, aged 21 Gar- 
ret O'Shaughnessy died, aged 65. .. .Margaret, wife of 
James Shields, died, aged 41. 

17. Janet, widow of Daniel Sickles, died. 

18. Harriet, wife of Charles Joy, formerly of Albany, 
died at Newark, N. J., aged 43. 

19. Randall Roberts died, aged 27. 

20. Maria M., wife of Matthew Brown, Jr., died, aged 
27. 

23. A fire about four o'clock in the morning destroyed 
the contents of the large stove establishments of Messrs. 
Rathbone & Co., and McCoy & Clark, on Green street, 
below Norton; damages about f 15,000. . . .William Sack- 
ett died, aged 21. 

26. A fire in Lumber street; damage slight. 

27. Hannah, wife of Thomas Adams died, aged 60. ... 
Andrew Kirk died, aged 65. .. .The docks and pier were 
submerged by a rise of the river caused by a storm of 
more than 48 hours coutinuance. 

28. Johannah White died, aged 79. 

29. Margaret Wiseman, widow of Benj. Lodge, died, 
aged 76. 

30. Edward Buckley died, aged 80. 



354 Annals of the Year 1857. 

NOVEMBER. 

6. Nancy Wilkinson died, aged 68. 

7. A fire in Exchange street, destroyed part of a store 
used for manufacturing roofing cement; damage $200. 
....Mercy G.Valentine died, aged 60.... Eliza Jane, 
wife of D. De Graff, died, aged 28. 

9. A fire, corner of Lumber and Swan streets, dam- 
aged a grocery to the amount of $300. . . . Josiah Gillespie 
died, aged 56 

11. Rosannah, widow of Joseph Parker, died, aged 37. 

14. Mary, widow of Job Gould, died at Northville, 
Cayuga county, aged 84. 

16. A fire on Arbor hill burnt the grocery store of 
Thomas Quinn. He was arrested on suspicion of setting 
fire to it. 

17. Andrew White died, aged 55. .. .Mary, wife of J. 
W. Phillips, died, aged 26. 

18. Payne, having gone upon the roof of a house 

in Ten Broeck street to look at a fire in Troy, fell to the 
ground, a distance of nearly 40 feet, and was killed. 

19. Richard Burke died, aged 38. 

20. Mrs. Catharine Daniels died, aged 60. 

21. Emily Hopkins died, aged 36. ... Henry A. Veazie 
died, aged 31. 

22. Henry A. D. Gray, of Charleston, S. C., died, 
aged 19. 

24. David Chambers died, aged 78 Charles N. 

Bleecker died. . . . A. Yates Lansing died. 

25. A thanksgiving sermon was delivered at the North 
Dutch church by the pastor, Rev. Dr. Rogers, in which 
the history of the church was given from its origin, in 
1642. A very large audience attended, among which 
was Mr. Jacob Ten Eyck, one of the members of the 
Great Consistory, which met on the 25th May, 1805. 
(See Annals i., p. 89.) Rev. Dr. Wyckoff read a chap- 
ter from the ancient Dutch Bible, which had been used 
nearly a hundred years in the old State street church. 
The church was well filled, and the discourse was lis- 
tened to with great interest. 



Annals of the Year 1857. 355 

26. Peter Van Guisling died, aged 85. 

27. Calvin K. Pool died, aged 22 Mary Frank, 

wife of A. B. Durand, died, aged 46. 

28. Josiah Eaton died, aged 78. 

30. Sarah A., widow of James M. French, died. 

DECEMBER. 

1. Fire in Swan street; small wooden tenement burnt; 
damage $300. 

2. Great interest was taken by the citizens of Albany 
in the election of mayor of the city of New York. The 
defeat of the incumbent, Fernando Wood, accused of 
gross improprieties, was made the occasion for more bon 
fires then were before seen at one time, and the firing of 
a hundred guns... James Angus, formerly of Albany, 
died at Cambridge, Mass., aged 48. 

6. James Freckleton died, aged 58... Mrs. Jane G. 
Woodward died, aged 58. 

9. David W. Groesbeeck died in the city of New York, 
aged 86. He was buried from the North Dutch church, 
in this city, on the llth. 

10. John Keyes Paige died in Schenectady, aged 70. 
He commenced his" career as an officer in the army, and 
served in the war of 18 12 as captain. He afterwards held 
for nineteen years the office of clerk of the supreme 
court of the state of New York, which he relinquished- 
in 1842. In 1845 he was elected mayor of the city of 
Albany, and was at the time of his death a regent of the 
university of this state, to which he had been chosen in 
1826. Notwithstanding this long career of public service 
he was singularly reserved and retiring in his manners, 
and attached to domestic life, and neither professed the 
arts of popularity,, nor that knowledge of the world 
which is otten necessary for a man of business. His 
first wife was a daughter of Gov. Yates; his second a 
daughter of Francis Bloodgood. After leaving Albany, 
on the failure of the Canal Bank, of which he was presi- 
dent, he resided in Schoharie, and later in Schenectady 

Catharine, widow of John C. Vanderbilt, died, aged 

71. 



356 Annals of the Year 1857. 

11. John Dunlop died, aged 25.... Wm. H. Topp 
died, aged 45. .. .Sophia, wife of James Connelly and 
daughter of the late Selick Whitney, died in New York, 
aged 43. 

13. John Rosekrans died, aged 65. 

14. Joseph P. Briare died, aged 47. 

15. John Myers died, aged 81. 

18. A house was burnt in Morton street. . . .Sarah A., 
wife of John A. La Grange, died, aged 31. 

19. Eunice W., wife of Wm. Mascraft, died, aged 58. 
21. Jane, wife of Henry Paddock, died, aged 68.... 

Mary Emily, wife of Peter B. Serings, died, aged 26. ... 
Charlotte Louisa, wife of James Gray, died, aged 36. 

25. Alida, widow of Lawrence L. Van Kleeck, died in 
New York, aged 72. 

26. A frame house in Spencer street was burnt. The 
number of fires since July 1, was 27; alarms 13; false 
alarms 8; losses, $16,285. During the corresponding pe- 
riod of last year, 12 fires ; 8 alarms ; 3 false alarms ; losses, 
$72,200. 

27. The Hudson street Baptist church having intro- 
duced an organ, the congregation listened to the first in- 
strument of that kind in a Baptist church in this city. 
. . . .The river was closed during the last night to every 
kind of craft but the steam boat Hero, which armed as 
an ice boat, forced her way up with great difficulty. 

28. Mrs. MaryH. Phelps died, aged 30 Sybrant 

Kittle died, aged 42. 

29. Oliver Wallace died, aged 52. . . .Mrs. Jane Hilson 
died, aged 70. 

30. Harriet, wife of Cornelius Schuyler, died, aged 59. 

31. Rachel, wife of Henry G. Wheaton, died in New 
York. 

Crime in Albany County. The following table has 
been made up with great care by Mr. Mack, showing the 
convictions for the last twenty years. It will be found 
to differ somewhat from previous statements, made in 
haste and with less pains taking: 1838,29; 1839,40; 1840, 
28; 1841,32; 1842,40; 1843, 49; 1844, 31; 1845, 26; 



Annals of the Year 1857. 357 

1846, 31 ; 1847, 31 ; 1848, 22; 1849, 31 ; 1850, 33; 1851, 
39; 1852,33; 1853,34; 1854,43; 1855,41; 1856,64; 
1857, 60; total, 737. 

Murder, 9; manslaughter, 1st degree, 2; 2d do. 3; 3d 
do. 8; 4th do. 5; arson, 2d degree, 2; 3d do. 6; 4th do. 
2; robbery, 1st degree, 9; 2d do. 5; burglary, 1st degree, 
6; 2d do. 14; 3d do. 124; burglary and grand larceny, 
16; do. with intent to ravish, 1; grand larceny, 249; do. 
after a felony, 2; do. after petit larceny, 1; do. and re- 
ceiving stolen goods, 1; assault with intent to kill, 26; 
do. with a dangerous weapon, 5 ; do. with intent to rav- 
ish, 11; do. with intent to rob, 4; do. with a felonious 
intent, 1 ; attempt to commit burglary, 5; do. grand lar- 
ceny, 3; forgery, 2d degree, 32; do. 3d degree, 37; petit 
larceny, second offence, 68; do. second offence after a 
felony, 1; do. after a felony, 11; false pretences, 7 ; do. 
and petit larceny, 3; do. and conspiracy, 1; receiving 
stolen goods knowingly, 20; accessory before a felony, 2; 
fraud, 1; decoying a child under 12 years of age, 2; 
rape, 12; incest, 1; bigamy, 11; seduction, 2; poisoning, 
3; mayhem, 1; embezzlement, 2. 



[Annah, ix.\ 31 



INDEX. 



Abel, Elizabeth, 190. 

Henry, 252. 

Abolitionist convention, 335. 
Academy park improvement, 

237, 256. 
square, 328. 
Ackerman Jasper, 347. 
Acres, Thomas, 151. 
Adam and Eve painting, 275. 
Adams, Mrs. Abigail, 213. 
Mrs. T., 353. 
Pelatiah, 147. 
Roland, 174. 
Simeon, 262. 
William, 233. 
Address voted to Gov. Montgo- 

merie, 30. 
Adelphi hotel, 274. 
Affray, 177. 
African Baptist church, 195, 196, 

201. 

celebration, 156, 157. 
Methodist church, 196. 
Agricultural rooms dedicated, 

335. 

society, state, 334. 
Alanson, Mrs. R., 253. 
Albanian, 200. 
Albany academy, 205, 254, 275, 

293 330 
City Bau'k, 277, 279, 282, 

283. 

Christian Register, 151. 
Daily Advertiser report- 
er, 173. 

Evening Journal, 205, 
265, 301. 



Albany Evening Herald, 344. 
Union, 344. 

Independent Volunteers, 
188. 

Library, 275. 

Literary Gazette, 232. 

Microscope, 335. 

Morning Chronicle, 177. 

Morning Express, 341. 

packet ship, 2~34, 236. 

Register revived, 173. 

Repub. Artillery, 188, 
221, 243. 

Sacred music fund so- 
ciety, 204. 

Savings Bank, run upon, 
352. 

steam boat, 150. 

steam boat brought mes- 
sage, 196. 

Times and Literary Wri- 
ter, 177. 
Aldermen, 1726, 10. 

1727, 21. 

1728, 34. 

1729, 52. 

1730, 71. 

1828, 167, 174. 

1829, 192. 

1830, 217. 

1831, 232. 

1832, 256. 

1833, 273. 
sued, 16. 

Alexander, Joseph, 172, 185, 

208, 249. 
Allanson, Peter, 281. 



360 



Index. 



Allen, Caradori, 305. 
Nathan, 281, 
Mrs. Tilly, 262. 
Alms house, 280. 

expenses, 1829, 194. 

number of inmates, 

151, 158, 193, 

198, 332. 
statistics of 24 y'rs, 

199, 223, 240. 
American hotel, 249. 
Ames's buildings, 341. 
Amusement, places of, 151. 
Ancient edifices, 291. 
Anderson, James, 166. 

William, 93. 
Andrews, Mrs. M., 248. 
William, 123. 
Angus, James, 355. 
Anthony, Susan B., 335. 
Antidote, the, 151. 
Antimasonic convention, 205. 
party, 185. 
ticket, 195. 
vote, 207, 227, 235. 
Antimasons, 259, 282. 
Anti-regency party, 256, 259. 
Apothecaries hall, 273. 
Archers tavern burnt, 276. 
Ark in basin, 266. 
Armorer, 280. 
Arnold, Mrs. Isaac, 348. 
Aspinwall cast large bell, 231. 
foundry burnt, 166. 
Atheneum, 145, 148. 

closed, 265. 

Attwood, Capt. Joseph, 152. 
Auction sale city lots, 67, 70. 
Austin's tin shop burnt, 225. 
Babcock, Robert, 239. 
Bacon, John P., 164, 200. 

Mrs. J. F., died, 260. 
Badgley, Mrs. Joseph, 265. 
Bain, Peter, 174, 226. 
Baker, Ellis, 244. 
John, 268. 
Mrs. S., 255. 
Samuel, 20G. 



Bakery burnt, 337. 

Ball, Louisa, 332. 

Balloon ascension, 271, 351, 352. 

Baltic steamer burnt, 341. 

Bancroft, Mrs. H. A., 267. 

Bank of Albany, 244. 

removed, 342. 
of Interior, 347. 
Banks suspended, 353. 
Baptist church, 195. 

new, 266, 271. 
organ, 356. 
mission, 343. 
Barnard, D. D., 279. 
Barney, Wm , 177, 192, 230. 
Barry, Mrs. Thomas, 229. 
Bartholomew, Capt. Martin, 187. 

Mrs. A., 234. 

:Bartlett, Bent & Co., 267, 268. 
Bass drum presented to artillery, 

243. 

Batchelder, Galen, 154, 234. 
Bay, John W., 280. 

William, 93, 101, 114. 
Beardslee, Mrs. G. W., 342. 
Beaver kill mill, 40. 

street, proposed to widen , 

166. 

fire, 187. 
overflowed, 254. 
Beck, L. C., 174. 

Nicholas F., 213. 
T. R., 255. 
Becker, John, sheriff removed, 

193. 

Peter H., 241. 
Bedell, E. T., 340. 
Beeckman, Jacob, 52. 

John J 34, 52. 
Johannis, Jr., 80. 
Marte, 71. 

Beer manufacture, 182. 
Beeren island, 125. 
Beers, Aug. P., 228. 
Belden, G. JL, 241. 
Bell, Elizabeth, 164. 
large cast, 231, 
John, 290. 



Index. 



361 



Bell, Robert, 244. 
Bellman, 13, 14, 24, 38. 
duties of, 24. 
salary of, 21, 38. 
Bells, ringing restrained, 242. 
Bement, Mrs. William, 148. 
Benevolent institutions, defici- 
ency of, 312. 
Bertrand, Cyprian, 348. 
Bible, ancient Dutch, 354. 
Bice. Abraham, 2(52. 
Binneway, Peter, 59. 
Blanchard, A , surrogate, 226. 

Hamilton, 258. 
Blackall, Charles, 339. 
Edward, 235. 
Blatner, Henry, 347. 
Bleecker, Charles N., died, 354. 

G. V. S , 176. 
Harmanus, Dutch speech, 

158, 176, 225, 271. 
Harmanus, Jr., 174. 
Jacob, Jr., 236. 
Johannis, 9, 10. 
Johannis, Jr., 80. 
John, 279. 
John R., 25 2. 
Mrs. G. V. S., 160. 
Nicholas, 167, 185, 208, 

227, 247. 

Rutger, 9, 36, 225, 
W. E,, 279. 
Bliss, E. S., 342. 
Bloemendal, John Masen V., 29. 
Bloodgood, Francis, 174, 222, 230, 
241,259, 26C,355. 
Lynot, died, 343. 
Mrs. L., 264. 
S. D. W., 145,177. 
Board of Trade, 335, 337. 
Boardman, James L., 266. 

John, 217. 
Bobin, Isaac, 68. 
Bogardus, Anthony, 43. 

Cornelius, 122. 
Bogart, Benj.. 75. 
Bogert, Isaac H., 257. 
I. H., 233. 



Bogert, Peter, 28. 
Bomb shells, 271. 
Bolting house, 51. 
Boom, John, 241. 
Boston rail road, 201. 
Bowlsby, Mrs., 283. 
Boyd, James, died, 254. 
Mrs. John H., 273. 
Robert, 208. 
Mrs. R., 342. 
Mrs. Thomas, 237. 
Boy den, d. W., 253. 
Bradford, Hugh, 275. 

John, first cholera death, 

250. 
Bradstreet, J. P., 231. 

Mrs. Wm. H., 332. 
Bradt, Bareut, 9, 10, 36. 
Gerrit T., 205, 240. 
Francis L, 174, 233. 
Brand-pylen's island, 125. 
Bratt, Anthony, 28. 
Barent, 53; 72. 
Marie, 61. 
Jochim, 61. 

Bread, weight of, prescribed, 176. 
Brennan, P., 343. 
Brewery, ancient, 272. 
Briare, Joseph P., died, 356. 
Brick kiln, lease of, 29, 30. 
Bridge over Hudson, 222, 348. 
over Rutten kill, 53. , 
Bridgen Anna M., died, 339. 

Thoa. Atwood, 167, 22$, 

268. 

Bridges repaired, 32. 
Briggs, Richard, 273. 
Brinckerhoof, Edward, died, 332. 
Broecks, Jonathan, 56. 
Brokers, 48. 
Broomlee, David, 183. 
Brooks. Jonathan, 184. 
Mrs. Jon., 252. 
Peter, 208. 

Brower, Cornelius, 166. 
Thomas, 122. 
William, 223. 
Brown, Allen, 165, 251, 280. 



362 



Index. 



Brown, Mrs. David, 267. 

Mrs. Edward, 255. 

Capt. Henry, 199. 

James, 177. 

James M., 109. 

Jam*s S., 340. 

John W., 123. 

Mrs. John, 347. 

Matthews, 232. 

Mrs. M., 353. 

Mrs. Rufus, 243. 

Susanna Ann, 263. 
Brown's tailor shop burnt, 280. 
Brush Jesse G., 256. 

died. 259. 
Buck, Eliza, 353. 
Buckingham, J. Silk, 284. 
Buckley, Edward, 353. 
Buel, Jesse, 262. 
Bugby, Abiel, 213. 
Buildings, regulations concern- 
ing, 47. 
Bulkley, Charles D., 240. 

John, 266. 
Bull's Head cattle sheds burnt, 

346, 348, 349. 
Bundy, Mrs. D., 333. 
Buntin, James, 36. 
Bunton, James, 72, 75. 
Burhans, Mrs. David, 348. 
Burgesses corps, 337. 
Burghers' residence, 291. 
Burial grounds, 193. 
Burke, Richard, 354. 
Burt, James D., 333. 
Burton, J. I., 247, 282. 
Bury, Rev. Mr., 195. 
Bush, W. R., 279. 
Bussy, John, died, 340. 
Butchers aid Greeks, 148. 
Butcher stalls in new market?, 

191. 

Butler, B. F., 146, 160, 277. 
Mrs. John, 341. 
Walter, 69. 
Butman, John, 145. 
Button, James (see Bunton). 
Cald well, Edwin A., 148. 



Caldwell, James, died, 181. 
Mrs. James, 158. 
Callender, David, 346. 
Cameron, Alexander, 258. 
Mrs. Ann, 333. 
Jane, 282. 
Robert, 244. 

Cameronian church, 195. 
Carnmeyer, William, 255. 

Mrs. William, 255. 
Campbell, Archibald, 177, 203. 
Daniel, 279. 
James, 217. 
James, Jr., 232. 
Mrs. John, 344. 
Rev.Jno.N.,209,222. 
Storrs & Co., 243. 
William, 232. 
Mrs. William, 351. 
Canada, prospect of war with, 49. 
Canadian giant, 184. 
Canal Bank, names of applicants 

for, 161. 

stock subscribed, 187. 
first election for di- 
rectors, 188. 
Canal closed, 238. 

commerce, 240. 
freight 1829, 198. 
music complained of, 154. 
open, 206. 

Canoe voyage to New York, 69. 
Cantine, Julia R., 213. 

Mrs. Moses, 169. 
Cantoni, Faustino, 346. 
Cape de Verde meeting, 259. 
Capitol, 207, 293. 

described, 301. 
released to the state, 185, 

186. 

square, 328. 
street excavation, 193. 
street called Park street, 

207. 

Carey, Henry, 344. 
Carmen, ordinance respecting, 

44, 63. 
Carmichael, Dan'l, 218, 233, 257. 



Index. 



Carmicliael, bakery burnt, 231. 
Carolina, steamboat, 172. 
Carpenter, G. W., 241, 281. 

Mrs. William, 279. 
Carpenter shop burnt, 337. 
Carson John, 341. 
Cartmen (see carmen). 
Cass, Charity, 253. 
Cassidy, Clinton, 334. 
James, 231. 
John, 174, 192, 193. 
died, 207. 

Castleton bar considered, 337. 
Catholic church, 195. 

first, 191. 
churches celebrate St. 

Patrick's, 338. 
schools, 205. 
Cemetery association, 177. 

vault, 194. 
Census, 289. 

1830, 213, 220. 

of children attending 

school, 274. 
(see population.) 
Centennial ball, 244. 
Centre, Asa H , 156. 
died, 340. 
Mrs. AsaH., 264. 
Centre market, 191. 
Chambers, David, 354. 

John, 64, 68. 

Chamberlain vs. Blackall, 268. 
salary raised, 206, 

266. 
Champlain, quick trip, 255, 256. 

first trip, 249. 

Chapel street, a mud hole, 328. 
Chaplains, exclusion of, 282. 
Chapin Sydney, 168. 

Mrs., 351. 

Chapman, Charles, 256. 
Charles, John, 279. 
Chase, L. A., 338. 
Charter called for, 51. 

election, 10, 22, 52, 71, 
174, 192, 2! 7, 232, 
247, 256, 273, 282. 



Cheeney, James, 164. 
Chester, Rev. John, died, 180. 
Chief Justice Marshall, explosion, 

207. 

steam boat 
co., 150. 

Child, Dr. Caleb, 202. 
Children, number of, 1697, 81. 
Chimney sweeps, 223. 
viewers, 54. 
Chittenden, 0. H., 332. 
Cholera, 249, 256. 

expenses, 262. 
Christian Register and Telegraph, 

237. 

Christiaens, Henry, 286. 
Christie, Rev. M., 195. 
Church donations to coloniza- 
tion society, 215. 
first erected, 299. 
meetings discontinued 

by cholera, 251. 
and state cross walk, 

237. 
Churches, 297. 

of brick and stone, 

196. 

list of in 1829, 195. 
Churchill, Ezekiel, 148. 
Circus, 151. 

changed to theatre, 170. 
sold, 198. 
City Bank, 151. 

stock subscribed, 283. 
charges, petition to raise 

40 to defray, 23. 
Coffee House, 233. 
debt, 1829, 186. 

called in, 9, 11, 35, 53. 
deserted on account of cho- 
lera, 253. 
fence, 34. 

finances, 206, 219, 235. 
foundations, laid, 287. 
Guards, 188. 

improvements, 260, 271. 
debt, 261. 
Hall, 284, 301. 



364 



Index. 



City Hall, corner stone laid, 190. 
cost of, 260. 
new, court first meets 

in, 233. 

decorated, 244. 
dome gilded, 219, 230. 
first meeting in, 230. 
plan adopted, 188. 
progress of, 205. 
proposed to build, 186. 
site, 156. 
old, 220,222. 

burnt, 280. 

Hotel, first so called, 168. 
improvements, 1823, 328. 
receipts and expenditures, 

1829, 194. 
records, 9. 
whipper, 290. 
Clark, Mrs. Ann, 280. 

widow of Alexander, 215. 

Israel W., died, 172. 

James, 226. 

Joseph S., 185. 

Joseph W., 218. 

Mrs. Lewis, 235. 

Mary, 223. 

Patrick, 226. 

Paul, died, 225. 

& Rose excavate Robin- 

insou'.s hill, 172. 
Clay, Henry, arrived, 276. 
Clench, Mrs. Benj. V., 280. 
Richard, 263. 
William, 165. 
Clergy, influence of, 298. 
Clergymen, salaries of, 297. 
Climate, 310. 

1642, 135. 

Clinton, De Witt, 145. 
died, 163. 
house of, 291. 
field piece, 272. 
hill, 180. 
hotel, 168. 
sold, 347. 
market, 186. 
meeting on the erection 



of a monument to, 
167. 

property sold, 168. 
square, 178, 180, 189, 

329. 

street excavated, 230. 
vases sold, 169. 
Clocks, town, 216. 
Cluett, John W., died, 347. 
Cooper, James, 187. 
Coal fires, increase of, 330. 

reward offered for discovery, 

224. 

Cobb, Sauford, 152, 163, 236. 
Cochran, Capt., 158. 

Mrs. Catharine, died, 

349. 
Cohoes falls, 134. 

telegraph, 350. 
Cold, 145, 203, 223, 332, 333, 

337. 
Cole, Isaac P., 204. 

J. 0., 192, 222, 240, 333. 
Mrs'. John 0., 209. 
Matthew, 152. 
Philo K., 279. 
William K., died, 335. 
Collins, John, 333. 
Colonie, became a ward, 153. 
census, 213. 
names of inhabitants, 

1697, 85. 
Colonization Society, donations, 

215. 

Colored people, 303. 
Colt, Joseph S., died, 352. 
Columbia street, improvements at 
upper end, 187. 
up hill, 328. 

Colvard, Asa, sheriff, 195, 233. 
Comet, discovered, 347. 
newspaper, 159. 
Commerce, 289. 
Commercial Bank, directors. 

1827, 156. 

Common Council, met in new 
City Hall,230. 
voted them- 



Index. 



365 



selves books, 
248. 

Concert, German benevolent so- 
ciety, 203. 
Congress hall, 229. 
Conine, Peter, 338. 
Connelly, Mrs. James, 356. 
Constables to patrol on Sundays, 

15, 40. 
Constellation, 184. 

refitted, 228. 
statistics of her 

business, 228. 
Constitution, 244. 

(see steamboat.) 
Cook, Jannetje, 209. 
Cooper, Charles Dekav, 104. 

Dr. Charles D.~, died, 223. 
John Tayler, 92. 
Margaret, 224. 
Corlear, 116. 
Cornell, L<>vi, 273. 

Walter, 263. 
Corning, E., 192, 217, 232, 246, 

235, 256, 274. 
Mayor, 279. 

Corning & Norton, 182. 
Corporation debts, 73. 
Cosgrove, John, 160. 
Costigan, W. G., 340. 
Cottam, William C., 183. 
County medical society, 91. 
Court of common picas, commis- 
sion for, 10. 
Covert, Abram, 208. 

movoco factory burnt, 279. 
& Jone.s, morocco factory 

burnt, 161. 
Crannel, Mrs. M., 161. 

William W., 177. 
Cramer, Richard, 334. 
Creditors of city, 11. 33, 35, 55. 
Cregeer, Janet je, 50. 
Crew, John T., died, 349. 
Cricket match, 346. 
Crime, increase of, 219. 
statistics of, 356. 
Crittenton, Alonzo, 263. 



Crocker, E., 256. 
Crosby's hotel, 226. 

long room, 243. 
Cross, Mrs. Jobn, 279. 
Cross walk in State street, 237. 
Croswell,E.,220. 
Cruiksbank, Hugh, 168. 
Cruttenden, L., 267. 

Mrs. Leverett, died, 

338. 

Warren B., 153. 
Cummings, Joseph, 195. 

William, 196. 
Cunningham, P., 343. 
Curran, Janirs, 349. 
Curtis, Mrs. S. S., 275. 
Cushman, Paul, 264. ' 

W. M., 232, 241. 
Cutler, Jeremiab, 193. 

Mrs. John, 351. 
Cuyler, Abraham, 68. 

Cornelius, 52, 67. 
Cornelius J., 176. 
Jacob C., 175. 
John M., 174, 177. 
Johannis, 9, 68. 
Staat, 176. 
Tobias V., 163. 
Daily, Craftsman, 241. 

News, 281. 
Dana, John W., 164. 
Daniels, Mrs. C., 354. 

street, 328. 
Daum, William, 335. 
Davis, Charles, 335. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 166. 
John, 259. 
Joseph, 168, 230. 
Nathaniel, diVd, 333. 
& Centre, 333. 
Pamela, 163. 
Day, Adrian, 160. 

Horace B., 342. 
Deahl, Mrs. M , 340. 
Dean, Amos, 265, 277, 278. 
Mrs. Charles B., 224. 
street, petition to open, 243 
Deaths by cholera, 255. 



366 



Index. 



Debtors liberated, 222. 
Delavan, E. C., 309, 325, 343. 

residence at Ballston, 

326. 
Deming, J. C.^ 192. 

Mrs. John C., 209. 
Democratic party defeated, 256. 
majority, 235. 
seceders, 281. 
Democrats array against president 

Jackson, 262. 
Denio, John, 151. 
Denniston, Isaac, 148. 
Depot, fell down, 340. 
Dexter, George, 263. 264. 

J. & G., 273. 
Dey Ermand, William, 164. 

Mrs. William, 150. 
De Garmoy, Jellis, 10, 12, 22. 
De Graff, Mrs. D., 354. 
Joshua, 207. 
O. G., 208, 232. 
P. G., 217. 
De Peyster, John, mayor, 54, 10, 

72, 74. 

Depuy, Moses, 185. 
De Vriesin Albany, 124. 
De Witt Clinton, steam boat, 
launched, 169. 
finished, 173. 
sold, 196. 
De Witt. Andrew H., 254. 

Rev. John, died, 234, 

249. 

Mrs. Benjamin, 249. 
R. V., 145. 
Simeon, 203, 249. 
street opened, 236. 
Diagonal street, so called, 165. 
Dickson, John, 249. 
Dillon, Charles, 262. 
Dinnigan, James, 348. 
Disbrow, Thomas, 155. 
Dissecting room burnt, 280. 
District schools, proposal for 9, 

274 

Docking lots on river, 23. 
Dole, Ann, 224. 



Dominies, 122. 

Donnelly, Capt. Peter^ 254. 

Peter, jr., 163. 
Dorr, C. W,, 172. 
Elisha, 219. 
Doty, Rev. Mr., 123. 
Dougherty, W. W., 274. 
Douglass, Alfred, 183. 
& Dunn, 193. 
widow Thomas, 223. 
Douw, VolkertP., 176. 
Douw's building, 331. 
Dow, Volkert, 10. 
Dowd, Julia W., 352. 
Downing, Jacob, 208. 
Dows, John, 154. 
Dox, Garret L., 151, 191. 
Capt. P., died, 237 
Doyle, Mrs. Ann, 278. 
Draper, Mrs. J. C., 161. 
Droogan, Mrs. 337. 
Dubois, Mrs., 347. 
Dudley, Chas. E., major, 169, 179 
senator, 180. 
Observatory, 347. 
Duer, W. A., 167. 
Judge, 158. 
Duesler, Capt., 188. 
Duffau, John, 242. 
Duffey, Wm., opened circus as a 

theatre, 170. 
Dummery, Mrs. 344. 
Dun bar, Robert W., died, 340. 
Dunkley, Wm., 267. 
Dunlap, James, 269. 
Dunlop, John, 356. 
Dunlop's malt house burnt, 262. 
Dunn, Christopher, died, 218. 
Mrs. Chris , 239 
James, 193. 
Philip, 344. 
wid. Richard, 239. 
Durand, Mrs. A. B., 355. 
Durant, Chas. F., 271. 

Clark, 192. 

Dusenbury, Richard, 218. 
Dutch church, owners of water- 
ing place, 148 . 



Index. 



367 



Dutch church paid dockage, 182. 
minister, dinner to, 158. 
Dutch and decent, 218, 
Dutcher, Salem, 185, 254. 
Salem, Jr., 153. 
& Harris, 153. 
Eagle street a ravine, 328. 

proposal to pave, 170. 
graded, 221. 
Early history, 289. 
Easton, John, 167. 
Eaton, Josiah, 355. 
Eclipse of sun, 224. 
Edick, Mrs., 252. 
Edmonds, Hiram A., 112. 

H. A., 340. 
Fdson, Calvin, 207. 
Education, 292. 
Efner, Mrs. N., 280. 
Egberts, Anthony, 262. 
Cornelius, 174. 
Mrs. C., 205. 
Egbert, 176, 192, 282. 
Egmont, Jacob, 14, 24, 38, 65, 77. 
Eights, Elizabeth, 332. 
Jane C., 164. 
Jonathan, 99, 106, 115, 
166, 

widow of Abram, 187. 
Elcheran, George, died, 238. 
Election, 160 r 167, 192, 194, 207 
208, 219, 227, 235, 259, 276 
280. 

to fill vacancy, 177. 

4th ward, 168. 

in New York, interes 

in, 355. 

(see charter election.) 
Elks, 348. 

Ellison, Mrs. Abraham, 222. 
Emancipation of slaves, 157. 
Emerald, new steam boat, 159. 
Ensign, Captain William, 204. 
Epigram, 231. 
Episcopal churches, 195. 
Erkson, Rynhard, 122. 
Ertzberger, Louis, 352. 
Esleeck, Welcome, 153. 



Everett, Edward, eulogy, 338. 
Evertse, Evert Jacobse, 22. 
Evertsen, Garret, 223. 
Jacob, 388. 
John, 236. 
Mrs. John, 188. 
John E., 275. 
Ewart, Mrs. John, 160. 
Exchange, meeting to establish, 

152, 154. 
Execution, last public in Albany, 

159. 

Expenditures of city, 220. 
Fairman, Gideon, 149. 
Families, equality in condition 
of, 303. 

heads of, 81. 
Fanning, Mrs. H., 235. 

Mrs. J. B., 241. 
Fanning's block burnt, 198. 
Fanny, steam boat, 270. 
Fantastic among military, 233. 
Farley, R., 343. 

Farmers', Mechanics' and Work- 
ing men's Advocate. 206. 
Farnham, L< j wis, 282. 
Farrel, James, 273. 
Fassett, Amos, 257. 

Benjamin, 353. 
Captain, 188. 

Fast day for cholera, 253, 254. 
Fast driving prohibited, 14, 39. 
Fay, Edward, 254. 
H.A., 218,274. 
John, died, 351. 
Featherly, Philip, 196, 
Felo-de-se, 335. 
Feltman, John, 201. 
Female Academy, 263, 271, 275, 
283, 291, 294, 305. 

seminary, 163, 171. 
Females, deficient in physical 

stamina, 296. 
Fence, indemnity for destroying, 

Ferguson's tavern burnt, 181. 
Ferrebergh, 62. 
Ferris, Rev. Mr., 195. 



368 



Index. 



Ferry receipts, 216. 
statistics, 205. 
Fetherly, Philip, 218. 
Fidler & Taylor's candle factory 
burnt, 183. 
dissolution, 250. 
Fifth Presbyterian church, 238. 
Finn, John J., 344. 
Fire, 152, 161, 162, 166, 169, 170, 
173, 177, 181, 183, 187, 194, 
198, 200, 202, 216,224, 225, i 
226, 228, 229, 230, 231, 239, 
241, 242, 250, 262, 266, 276, 
277, 279, 280, 283, 332, 333, 
337,338,339,340,341,342, 
344, 346, 347, 348, 351, 353, 
354, 355, 356. 
Fires in 1857, 356. 
1856, 356. 

Fire king engine, feat of, 335. 
Firemasters, 14, 23, 38, 55, 75. 
Firemen's Insurance Co., 242. 
First Presbyterian church, 209. 

enlarged, 230. 
chapel dedicated, 343. 
Fish, Artemas, 217. 
Fisk, Joseph, 281. 
Fisher Clara. 166. 

Mrs.J. N.. 236. 
Fitch, Simeon, 350. 
Fitzsimmons, Thomas, 347. 
Fitzsimmons Thomas, 164. 
Flagg, A. C., 279. 
Flansburgh Matthew, 24. 
Flood, 10. 

1639, 126. 

greatest known, 334, 335. 
sufferers by, 335. 
Flour statistics, 200. 
Fly market, 153. 
Fonda, Alexander GL, 97. 
Douw, 55. 
Isaack, 9, 10. 
Pieter, 27. 
Fondey, Isaac, 183. 
Forby, William, 335. 
Ford, Benjamin, 171. 

T. W. & Son, 233. 



Ford, Mrs T. W., 171. 
Forest, Edwin, 305. 

William, 280. 
Foray th & Benedict, 245. 

Russel, 245. 

Fort, A. & I., 59, 63, 79. 
Fort, 80. 
Fort Orange built of logs, 130. 

Hotel, 243. 
Fortt, A. & I., 43. 
Foster, N. S., 244. 
Fourth of July, 187, 213, 267. 

discussed by com- 
mon council, 156 
great celebration, 

230. 

described, 305. 
Fourth Presbyterian church, 191, 

215. 

dedicated, 208, 211, 
burial lot, 193, 209. 
riot, 241. 

Fourth ward, 207. 
Fowler, S. S., 174, 192, 208, 218, 

247, 282. 
Fowler's morocco factory burnt, 

177. 

Foxenkill, filthy, 251. 
Foxes creek, 19, 28, 31, 32, 61, 

62,80. 

Franklin street, so called, 165. 
Frazer, Hugh, 255. 
John, 281. 

Freckleton, James, 355. 
Fredendall, Rebecca, 342. 
Fredenrich, George, 349. 
Jacob, 249. 
J. C., 185. 
Free Central Methodist Episcopal 

church, 343. 
Frelinghuysen st. , name changed, 

165. 

Freeman, Bernard us, 122. 
French, John C., 266. 

Mrs.J. M., 355. 
Freshet, 172, 184, 222, 226, 243, 

264, 265, 341, 353. 
Freyar, Isaac, 66. 



Index. 



369 



Friends, apply for lot to build 

on, 232. 
meeting, 195. 
Frost, 351, 352. 

in May, 208, 209. 
Fry, Deborah G., 273. 
Joseph, 174, 373. 
William G., 188, 231. 
Fryer, A. V., 231, 233. 
Mrs. Henry, 164. 
Isaac J., 227. 
Jonathan, 168. 
Fuller, Orrin, 167. 

Mrs. Reuben, 265. 
Samuel, 168. 
Fusileer parade, 234. 
Gaine, Hugh, 343. 
Gallo hill, 29, 30. 
Gallows bill, 56, 57, 280. 
Galpin, Charles, 335. 
Gansevoort, Catharine, widow of 

Gen., 222. 
Conrad, 189. 
Harme, 272. 
Mrs. John, 220. 
Peter, 147, 167, 194, 
219, 232, 243, 
259, 273. 
Peter C., 186. 
Ten Eyck, 111. 
Gansevoort's brewery, 272. 
Gardemoy, Yellis (see Garmoy). 
Gardner, James, 332. 
Garling, Amelia D., 252. 
Garretse, Ryer, 21. 
Garretson, Rachel, 157. 
Garrison, Misses, 244. 
Gates, Gerrit, 167, 174, 192, 217, 

232, 239, 247. 
Gay, Mrs. Amos, 235. 
Gauff, Caleb, 95. 
German benev. society, 201, 203. 

immigrants, 201. 
Gerritse, Ryer, 34, 52, 71. 
Giantesses, 185. 
Gibbenny, Robert, 262. 
Gibbons, James, 174, 192, 233, 
257, 274. 

[Annals, ix,] 32 



Gibbons, James, Jr., 218. 
Gibson, Rev. Mr., 249. 
Gilchrist, Robert, 154. 
Gilfert, Charles, 188. 
Gill, Cooper & Co., 268. 

John G., 333. 
Gillen, Thomas, 352. 
Gillespie, Hugh, 340. 
Josiah, 354. 
William, 274. 
Gladding, Mrs. T., 242. 
Gleason, Mrs. M., 341. 
Glen, A. H., 241. 

Jacob, 61, 67. 
Glickstone died, 340. 
Globe manufactory, 264, 
Godfrey, John L, died, 338. 

& Walsh, 243. 
Goewey, Peter, 53, 72, 75. 

Mrs. Jacob, 190. 
Goldwaite, Thomas, 343. 
Goodland, Elizabeth, 340, 
Goold, James, 153. 

proposes filling wa- 
tering place, 
156. 

Gould, Mrs. Abraham, 206. 
Charles, 150. 
James P., 167, 174, 257,, 

263. 

Mrs. Job., 354. 
Thomas, 245. 
Goss, Charles F., 333. 
Gough, James, 283. 

Mrs. James, 259. 
Mrs. Thomas, 161, 250. 
Gourlay, Mrs. James, 171. 
Gourlay's house burnt, 242. 
Governor, entertainment of, 290, 

treat to, 80. 
Gracie, E. G., 256. 
Grady killed, 338. 
Grant, Janet, 275. 
Nancy, 219. 
Grapes, 132. 

Grates, manufactory of, 330;. 
Grattan, Mrs. John, 348. 
Gray, H. A. D., 354. 



370 



Index. 



Gray, Mrs. James, 356. 
Joshua, 160. 

& Osborn, store burnt, 181. 
Green, Rev. Mr., 195. 
Seth, 233. 
William, 347. 
street, effort to widen, 224, 

225. 

Greene, William, 278. 
Gregg, Capt, 91, 92. 
Gregory, Bain & Co., 233. 

David E., 226,256. 
Gregory's saw factory burnt, 332. 
Greeks, ladies aid, 166. 

meeting in aid of, 146, 

147. 
Griffin, Jacob R., 226. 

William, 342, 347. 
Groesbeck, John, 257, 342. 
Mrs. John, 221. 
Mrs. M., 242. 
Groesbeckville, 342. 
Groesbeeck, Jacobus, 75. 

Cornelius, died, 334. 
Mrs. C. W., 202. 
David W., died, 355. 
John, 26. 
Gross, E. C., 184. 
Guest, Moses, 165. 

William H., 217. 
Hagadorn, Maria, 219. 
Hague, Rev. Dr., 343. 
Hale, Huldah, 232. 
Daniel, 232. 

widow Daniel, died, 182. 
Daniel, Jr., 175. 
George, 147. 

Halferty, Mrs. John, 337. 
Hall, Green, 185, 208, 227, 247, 

256, 282. 

Morgan James, 188. 
Hallenbake, street, 193, 229. 
Hallenbeck, Hendrick, 52, 61. 
Hamilton, Catharine Louisa, 227. 

Isaac, 161. 
Hamilton street, petition to open, 

243. 
Hammond, J. D., 219. 



Hammond, Mrs. J. D., 231. 
Hampton, Henry H., 218. 
Hance Elizabeth C., died, 334. 
Hancock, Jotham, 217. 
Hand, Aaron, 25S. 

& Kenyon, 169, 173. 
Hanford, Mrs. E., 255. 
Hanks, machine shop burnt, 170. 
Hansen, John, 164. 

Richard, 34. 

Hardenburgh, Herman M. 205. 
Harman, Thomas W., 187. 
Harris, Augustus, 97. 
Ira, 153. 

Mrs. Robert, 275. 
Harrison George, 342. 

William, Jr., 263. 
Hart, Harman V., 183, 192, 208. 
227, 240, 274. 

Henry, 278, 279. 

Norman, 241. 
Hartford, complaints against. 

287. 

Hartness, John, 333. 
Hascy, Samuel, 218. 
Haskiil, Mrs. Mary H., 339. 
Hastings, Seth, 208, 217, 232,273. 
Hathaway, Baily G., 256. 
Haton, John, 67. 
Hawes, James, 164. 
Hawkins, Mary, 185. 
Hawley, Gideon, 203, 238. 
Hayden, Moses, 203. 
Hazard's boarding house, 168. 
Heads of families 1697, 81. 
Heavenor, W. S., 335. 
Hebeysen, Martin, 156. 
Hector, Patrick, 226. 
Hegemau, Joseph W., 93. 
Hempstead Numa, 187. 
Heffernan, Thomas, 344. 
Henderer, Harmanus, 251. 
Hendler Henry, 339. 
Hendrik, Hudson steam boat, 

336. 

Hendrickson, George R., 206. 
Henry, John V.,L93, 150. 
Peter S., 150. 



Index. 



371 



Henry Joseph, 203. 

& McKown, 150. 
Herman, Rathbone & Co., 268. 
Herne, Charles, 275. 
Hero, steam boat, 356. 
Herring, Thomas, 155. 
Hickcox, W. E., 341. 
Hicks, Mary, 348. 
High street excavation, 196. 
extended, 188. 
water, 334, 335. 
Hillebrandt, Martin, 344. 
Hilson, Jane, 356. 
Hilton, Richard, 76. 
Hinkley, John, 351. 
Hobson, Moses, 175. 
Hochstrasser, Paul, 148, 201, 206. 
Hoffman, Benjamin, 265. 
Mrs. F. W., 340. 
L. G., 151, 281. 
Hogs, attempt to restrain, 245, 

246. 

restrained, 268, 281. 
set at liberty, 198. 
Hogan, Garret, 241. 

William, 13, 17. 
Holland, Edward, 34, 67, 76. 

Henry, 21, 66. 
Holmes, Mrs. S., 231. 
Holt, Gessen G., 242. 

John, 245. 

Hooghkerck, Luykas, 29. 
Hooker, Philip, 146, 167, 185, 
188, 208, 210, 222, 227, 241, 
247, 282. 

Hopkins, Charles A., 157, 278. 
Emily, 354. 
William, 13. 

Homer, Mrs. Robert, 332. 
Horse artillery, 187. 

match, 339. 
Horton, James, 349. 
Hosford, David, 191, 268. 
Elijah, died, 170. 
Elisha, died, 219. 
George W., 333. 
& Wait, 237. 
Hospitals closed, 254. 



Hospital contemplated, 222. 
Hotels, description of, 292. 
House rent, 21. 

torn down by mob, 248. 
Howard, Is'ott & Co., 268. 

street, mob demolished 

house, 248. 

Howe, Mrs. Silas B., 208. 
Howell, James, 244. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Henry, 281. 
Hudson River R. R., 238, 268. 

bridge, 344. 

street improvement, 230. 
paving of, 191,242. 
opened, 276. 
ravine, 159. 
widened, 267. 
Hudson, voyage of, 285. 
Humphrey, B'. C., 249. 
& Co., 233. 
Friend, 174, 233, 247, 

257, 273. 
James, 198. 
John, 255. 
S. V. R., 273. 
William, 105. 
Mrs. William, 255. 
W. & G., 151. 
Hunter & Hoffman, 281. 
Mrs. H. D.,248. 
Hurst, George W., 224. 

Thomas, 196. 
Huxley, Andrew S., 335. 
Huygens, Dutch minister, 158. 
Hyde, John W., 206, 239. 
Ice barrier, 335. 
broke up, 183. 
unusually thick, 181. 
Imprisonment for debt abol., 226. 
Independence, steam boat, 157, 

160. 
Indians in 1642, 136. 

not to go armed, 15, 39. 
traveling, 138. 
women, 138. 
cannibals, 139. 
prisoner, 252. 
purchase, 60. 



372 



Index. 



Indians, regulations concerning, 

15, 39, 48. 
reservation, 63. 
Infant schools, 168, 222, 278. 
Intemperance, 202, 308. 
Interest on money, 78. 
Invasion, preparations for, 49. 
Iron manufacturers, 267. 
Isaac Newton steamboat, 337, 338. 
sunk, 339. 
re-appearance, 347. 
Island drowned, 265. 
losses on, 265. 
Jackson, president, arrangement 

to receive, 266. 
William, 278. 
Jacobs, Francis J., 347. 
Jail, old, 254. 

condemned, 235. 
new one proposed, 279, 281. 
James, William, 161, 224, 259. 
Janederogas creek (see Tiononde- 

rogas). 

Janes, Elizabeth, 341. 
Jay street, resolve to open, 189, 

271. 

Jeffrey, Rev. R., 351. 
Jenkins, David, 147. 
Jenkin, 206. 
Sophia W., 159. 
Jermain, J. P., 232. 

S. P. & H., 164. 
Jewell, Mrs. Joseph, 255. 
.Jogues's account of Rensselaer- 

wyck, 130. 

Jones, Jeremiah P., 193. 
R. L., 350. 
William, 338. 
Johnson, C & A. W., 234. 
John, 184. 
John C., 217. 
Mrs. G. G., 265. 
S. W., 175, 283. 
Mrs. S. W.,255. 
William, 243. 
W., 281. 

Johnston, J.. 348. 
Journal and Telegraph, 237. 



Joy, Mrs. Charles, 353. 
Ju'dson, Jchabod L., 167, 185, 
192, 208, 227, 247, 257, 273, 
282. 
Jury, Mayor's court, 270. 

in hog case, 268. 
Justices' court, 153. 

new, 191. 
Kane, Hazael, 282. 

Mrs. W. A., 159. 
Kansas, governor of, arrived. 342, 
Kay, David, 340. 
Kearney, John D., 252. 

R. L., 278. 

Keeler, Jasper S., 200. 
Keeler's house burnt, 340. 
Kelley, Patrick, 332. 
Kelvin grove, 258. 
Kendall, Thomas, 239. 
Kent, John, 239. 
Kenyon & Hand, 152, 169, 173. 

Mrs. Moses, 213. 
Keyes, Mrs. Julias, 252. 
Keyser, Abraham, 223. 
Kiddenie, Johannis, 27. 
Kiddeny, Roliff, 56. 
Kidney, Angelica, 347. 
Jonathan, 272. 
Mrs. Jonathan, 279. 
Roliff, 79. 

Kidney's field piece, 180. 
Kidway Robert, 76. 
King's birthday treat, 80. 
King, Gov., 332. 
Mrs. P., 342. 
R. H., 262. 
Vincent, 236. 
Kingsbury, William, 340. 
Kinsley, A. W., 195. 
L. H., 247. 
Kirk, Andrew, 148. 

died, 353. 
& Mitchell, 215. 
Rev. Mr., 195, 204, 238. 
Kirkpatrick, Edward, 232. 
Kirchnaers, Anna, 66. 
Kittle, D. S., 257, 282. 

Sybrant, died, 356. 



Index. 



378 



Kittle, Mrs. Sy brant, 208. 
Kittlethuyn, Daniel, 79. 
Klinck, Mrs. George, 175. 
Kline's tin shop burnt, 283. 
Kluteman, Jacob, 346. 
Knauff, John G., 95. 
Knickerbacker, Johannis, 26. 

John, 161. 
Knower, Benjamin, 262. 

Mrs. Benjamin, 263. 
Knowlson, R. J., died, 353. 
Knowlton, Hosea, died, 340. 
L'Ainoreaux, J., 273. 
Mrs., 252. 
Lacey, William B., 150, 170, 195. 

Mrs. W. B., 225. 
LaGrange, Capt. James, 147. 
Mrs. J. A., 356. 
Mrs. J. J., 349. 
Laisdell, John, 353. 
Lamb, Mrs. Ant., 227. 
Larnphire, Fitch, 248. 
Lamps, street, 196. 
Lancaster, Joseph, 184, 188. 
school, 203, 205. 

proposal to abo- 
lish, 274. 
house, 270. 
school a hospital, 255. 
street, excavation, 196. 
Landon, William, 229. 
Lane, Mrs. M.,349. 
Laney, Henry, 339. 
Lansing, A. Y., 354. 
B., Jr., 192. 
Chancellor, disappeared, 

197. 

widow of chancellor, 280. 
Gerrit J., 167. 
G. Y., 166, 167, 217, 

219, 2f 9. 
Helena, 193. 
Isaac, 34, 52, 67. 
Jacob, 233. 

Jacob J., died, 176, 209. 
John, 97. 
Peter, jr., 176. 
Richart, 67. 



Lansingh, Abraham, 68, 71. 

Gerrit A., 22. 
Gerrit G., 22, 34, 53,223. 
Jacob, 53. 
J. G., 67. 

Lathrop, Dyer, 232, 256. 
Lattimore, Benjamin, 156. 
Law, Helen, died, 239. 
Lawrence, William, 257. 
Layman's apology, 282. 
Leake, John, 207. 
Lectures on revivals, 249. 
Lee, Samuel, 335. 
Thomas, 273. 
Leedings, Hannah, 340. 
Legislative capital, 290 . 
Legislature adjourned, 150, 184, 

206, 226, 282. 
extra session, 250. 
met, 172, 200, 260. 
Lemet, Louis, died, 257. 
Lennard, Mary, 344. 
Lennington, Thomas, 150. 
Leonard, James, 338. 
Lewis, Elihu, 193. 
George, 252. 
Henry, 333. 
John, 171. 
Stewart, 184. 

Le Breton, Edward A., 217. 
Eliza, 262. 
John, 221. 

Library, Female Academy, 295. 
Licenses, 55. 

License regulations, 24, 37. 
Ltghtbody, Elizabeth, 281. 
Lightning in winter, 335. 
Linacre, Mrs. James, 145. 
Link, Henry, 344. 
Liquors, amount expended for 

202. 

licenses, 24, 37, 55. 
Little, W. C., 234. 

& Cummings, 233, 243. 
Little State street (see S ate st.) 
Livery stable, ancient, 272. 
Living skeleton, 207. 
Livingston, Brookholst, 252. 



374 



Index. 



Livingston, Capt,, 150. 

Edward, 259. 
Lloyd, Daniel, 252. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 285, 292. 

Mrs. Millington, 209 
Lodge, Mrs. Benjamin, 353. 
Lodge street graded, 218. 
Loker, Stephen, 257. 
Long & Silsby's carriage sho] 

burnt, 333. 

Longevity, 181, 209, 352. 
Loomis, G-. J., 232. 

Mrs. George, 224. 
Lossing, John, 208, 217, 262. 
Lots below ferry, sold by cor 

poration, 167. 
sold by auction, 66. 
not to be sold at vendue, 58 
Lotteries discontinued, 263. 
Lottery, city revenue from, 186. 
Lovejoy, John, 259. 
Lovell, G-ertrude, 229. 
Lovett, J. E., 222, 240, 273. 
Low Francis, 217, 279. 

James, 99. 

Low's pattern shop burnt, 216. 
Ludlow, Rev. John, 195. 

died, 351. 

Lush, Gilbert P., 154, 177. 
Richard, 105, 175. 
Samuel S., 194, 235. 
William, 176. 
Luscom, Barbara, 341. 
Lutheran church, 153, 195. 
Lydius house demolished, 273. 
street improvement, 230. 
paved, 224, 237. 
side walk in, 220. 
Lyons, William, 273. 
Lyon's house burnt, 276. 
Mabbett, Seneca & Co., 224. 
Madden, Charles, 256. 
Maher, James, 174, 183, 192, 218, 
224, 233, 245, 257, 273. 
Mrs., 182. 

Mahoney, Jer. C., 333. 
Malcolm, John, 271. 
Malhiot, Canadian giant, 184. 



Mallen, Thomas, 341. 
Malone, Mrs. John, 349. ' 
Mancius, George, 90. 

Jacob, died, 276. 
John, 145. 

Wilhelmus, 90, 94, 99. 
Mandell, Addison, 276. 
Manieviel, Jeremiah, 75. 
Manners and customs, 304. 
Mansion house hotel closed, 342. 
Manson, Mrs. Nathan, 209. 
Maques flatts, 58. 
Many & Ward, 208, 267. 
March, Alden, 162, 222. 

anatomical lectures, 

200. 

Marcv, William L., 223, 257, 259, 
260, 279, 308. 
died, 344. 
funeral, 346. 
Marcy's farm, 258. 
Marion, aeronaut, 351, 352. 
Market, Columbia street, 152,153. 
Market street, 152. 
Pearl street, 152. 
house, 78, 80, 191. 

at watering place, 

148, 152. 
built in 1829, 185. 
lots sold, 176. 
house, resolution to 

build, 176, 

Marks's block burnt, 202. 
Marsh street, 146. 
Marshall, D. P., 185, 218. 
Martin, David, 255. 
Robert, 204. 
Rev. Mr., 195, 
William, 267. 
Marvin, Thomas, 164. 
Mascraft, William, 146, 240. 
Mrs. William, 356. 
Mason, James, 181. 
Masonic hall, 249. 
Massacre of Schenectady, 119. 
Vlasterson, Mrs. Thomas, 349. 
Matchett, James, 175, 202. 
Thomas, 150. 



Index. 



375 



Mather, Mrs. Elias, 161. 
J. G., 257, 274. 
Mrs. J. G.. 232. 
Matilda, steamboat, 164. 
Matthews, Frederick, 209. 
Maxwell, William, 341. 
May ell, William, 167, 168, 185. 
Mrs. William, 340. 
William, Jr., died, 340. 
Mayer, Rev. F. G., 195, 203. 

F. H., 340. 
Mayor sent to New York, 69. 

unsuccessful balloting for, 

181. 

election in New York, 355. 
Major's court, 270. 
McBride, Jane, 338. 
McCabe, Captain, 187. 
McChestney, J. K., 187. 
McClelland, Wm., 93, 98, 99, 115 
McClure, J. &A., 185, 263. 

Mrs. William, 266. 
McCoy, Hannah, 197. 

Mrs. S. B., 347. 

& Clark's stove store 

burnt, 353. 

McCullock, Hathorn, 174, 204. 
McDonald, Angus, 163. 
William, 150. 
& Wright, 344. 

McDuffie, Angus, 192, 237, 273, 
282. 

John, 255. 

McFarlin, Mrs. Robert, 204, 
McGill, Mrs. William, 152. 
McGivney, John, 164. 
McGlashan, Alexander, 218. 

Daniel, 148, 159, 174, 
177, 190,192,206. 
James,. 271. 
William, 258. 
McGourkey, John, 276. 
McHench, John, 255. 

William, houses burnt, 

169. 

McRvaine, Jamese, 248. 
Mclntosh, W. S, & E. C., 234. 
Mrs. E, C., 223. 



Mclntosh, Peter, 280. 
Mclntyre, Mrs. P., 335. 
McKay, Alexander, 166. 

James, 175. 

McKelvey, Cornelius, 215. 
McKenney, widow John, 226. 
McKown, Jane, 271. 

James, 150, 153, 233, 

237, 246. 

McLachlan, Duncan, 271. 
McLeod, Donald, 283. 

Mrs. 227. 
McMichael & Gordon's store 

burnt, 342. 

McMullen, Thomas, 234. 
McMurdy, John, 350. 

William, 340. 
McNab, widow Peter, 248. 
McNabb, Mary Ann, 177. 
McNaughton, Fonday, died, 165. 
McNulty, Mary, 332. 
McPhersou, Geo.. 257, 273, 279. 

& McKercher, 206. 
Me Williams, John, 241, 
Meecham, H., 234. 

& Co., 233. 
Meadon, Eliza, 189. 
John, 183. 
William, 265. 
Meads, John, 151, 232, 273. 

fitted up Victory, 152. 
present to, 244. 
& Alvord, 151. 

Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, 
dividend, 207. 
directors 1827, 

155. 

stock, 227. 
Medical College contemplated. 

222. 

society, state, 334. 
Meeks's garden, 271. 
Megapolensis's account of Mo- 
hawks, 132. 
Meigs, John, 155, 175, 192. 

R. M., 145. 
Meline, Flo rent, 151. 
Mellville, Allan y 242, 



376 



Index. 



Memoirs of physicians, 90. 
Men, list of 1697, 81. 
Merchant, Charles S., 353. 
George, 99. 

died, 214. 

Merrifleld, William, 334. 
Mrs. M., 283. 
Mesick, William, 281. 
Message, extraordinary, 13. 
Methodist church, lot granted, 
247. 

north station, 191. 
seats rented, 170. 
churches, 195. 
Episcopal church, 2d 

burial lot, 209. 
primitive, 230. 
Protestant church, 

249, 259. 

Methodists indicted for noise, 343 
Mete, Mrs. C., 341. 
Military anniversary, 243. 
celebration, 335. 
companies, 306. 
election, 231. 
meeting, 226, 234. 
parade, 233. 
store house, 271. 
Mill on Beayerkill, 40. 
Miller, Christian, 146, 201. 
Mills, Chauncey, 194. 
Millway, John, 176. 
Minutes of common council, 290. 
Mitchell, Jesse P., died, 348. 
Moakley's building, 154. 
Mohawks, 132. 

Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, 
182, 213, 217, 233, 242, 261, 
269, 270, 277. 
cost of, 263. 
first trip, 248. 
Moore, Conrad, 244. 
Jasper, 334. 
J. E. H., 343. 
Thomas A., 340. 
Morehead, Elizabeth, 335. 
Morgan & Brush, 259, 261. 
W. R., 175. 



I Morrell's cabinet shop burnt, 247. 
1 Morris, Mrs. Walter, 226. 
Morrow, William, 145. 
Moseley, Edwin, 204. 
Mullhall, Edward, 348. 
Mulligan, Mrs. J. S. 335. 
Munger, Mrs. R., 352. 
Murdock, E., 218, 233, 257, 274. 

William, 335. 
Murphy, Allen, 274. 

Mrs. Ira, 199. 
Museum, 151, 315. 

removal, 222. 
Music on canal boats a nuisance, 

154. 
Myers, John, 356. 

John H., 122. 
Myndertse, Johannes, 16. 
National Guards, 188. 

republicans, 219, 282. 
vote of, 235, 256, 259. 
Naughton, John, 338. 
Naylor, William, 231. 
Neely, Robert, 352. 
Negroes in Schenectady, 1697, 89. 
regulations concerning, 

15, 39, 48. 

Neill, Mrs. William, died, 257. 
Nelson, Arnold, 217, 232, 273, 

257. 

Newman, Henry, 201. 
New Philadelphia steam boat, 
153, 231. 
quick trip, 209. 
Newspapers, account of, 301. 
News rooms closed on Sunday, 

342. 

Newton, William, 192. 
New Year's 1830, 200. 
New York election, 355. 
rail road, 268. 
state bank, 165. 

directors 1827, 

155. 

medical society, 334. 
Nicholl, Mrs. Alex., 340. 
Nicholson, J. D., 232. 
Niskayuna, account of, 316. 



Index. 



377 



North America steam boat, 157. 
accident to, 176. 
quick trip, 172, 

173, 256. 

North Dutch church, iron rail- 
ing, 2 10. 
history of, 354. 
North High street, 229, 230. 
North Pearl street, 147. 

improvement, 

178, 180. 

North Methodist burial ground, 

193. 
Northern R. R. bond?, 341. 

car burnt, 348. 
Norton, John T., 187, 256. 

retired from fire 
company, 168. 
Mrs. J. T., 191. 
Notes from the newspapers, 145- 

283. 

Nott, Dr., 249, 267. 
Novelty steam boat, 196, 249. 
Nugent, John, 275. 
Nutt, William, 261. 
Oakey, Abraham, 278. 

Charity, 264. 

Obstructions in river (see Over- 
slaugh). 

Officers of city sworn in, 12, 36,53. 
Officials sent to New York by 

canoe, 69. 
Ohio steam boat first appeared, 

187. 

quick trip, 218. 
Olcott, Theodore, 278. 

Thomas W., 189. 
house of, 291. 

Olive Branch, steam boat, 164. 
Oliver, John, 29. 
Olney, S. V., died, 342. 
Orchard street opened, 221. 

proposed to exca- 
vate, 171. 
Organ, first in Baptist church, 

356. 
Oregon, steam boat, 338. 



Orphan asylum, 226, 247, 274, 

312. 

Orr, Mrs. Isabella, 213. 
Orssin, Robert, 352. 
Osborn, David, 150. 
John, 233. 

William L., 177, 192. 
O'Shaughnessy, G., 353. 
Ostrander, J. L, 201. 

Mrs. James, 160. 
Johannis, 22. 
Mrs. William, 252. 
Ouderkirk, 300. 
Overslaugh, 257. 

excavated, 172. 
proposal to remove. 

278. 

appropriation to re- 
move, 271. 
Ox, great, 213. 

Packard, B. D., 205, 265, 343. 
Charles, 265. 
Hoffman & White, 265. 
Packard, N. R., 151, 240. 
Packer & Prentice's fur shop 

burnt, 227. 
Paddock, Mrs. Henry, 356. 

& Morrow, 145. 
Page, Louisa, 344. 

Mrs. J. K., 180. 
Paige, J. Keyes, 217. 
died, 355. 
Mrs. Jason, 232. 
Paintings, Adam and Eve, 276 
Palmer, J. B., 332. 
Palmer, Levi, 259. 
Park place house ,229. 

street, 207. 
Parker, Mrs. J., 354. 

Philip S., 229. 
Parniele, Mrs. L., 241. 
Parmelee, William, 213, 279. 
Parmiter, Jeremiah, 10. 
Parral street (see Pearl). 
Parsons & Baker's store burnt, 

239. 

Pastors, list of 1829, 195, 
Pasture, condition of, 328. 



378 



Index. 



Pasture cost of grading, 271. 

lots, 149, 167. 
Patch, Sam, 192. 
Patroon, 303. 

street, excavation of,223. 
Patterson J., 257. 
Paul, Mrs. N., 221. 

Rev. Mr., 156, 195. 
Pavements, defects of, 311, 330. 
Paving streets, 9. 
Pay for public service, 72. 
Payne, Henry, killed, 354. 
Pearl street drain, 20. 
Pearson, Mrs. George, 332. 
Pease, Earl P., 239. 
Pedlers restrained, 25. 
Pemberton, Jeremiah, 66. 

Mrs. John, 263. 

T. L., 240. 

Mrs. T. L., 239. 
Pemerton, Jeremiah, 76. 
Penny, Samuel T., 264. 
Penoyer, Mr., 152. 
Pepper, Calvin, 183, 268. 
William P., 348. 
Perceval, George, 174. 
Perry, Hiram, 273. 
Perry, Mrs. Hiram, 269. 
Peterson, Eleanor, 340. 
Pettingill, Mrs., died, 337. 
Phelps, Philip, 171, 174, 181. 
Erastus R., died, 341. 
Philips, Homer R., 217. 
Mrs. M. H., 356. 
Phillips, Mrs. J. W., 354. 
Physicians, memoirs of, 90. 
Piano, first on steam boat, 159. 
Pier, erection of, 329. 
submerged, 335. 
Pierce, Joseph, 230. 
Pierson, Mrs. Calvin, 263. 
Pigeons in snow storm, 206. 
Pine street, effort to open, 225. 
Pine, William, 339. 
Pistareens depreciated, 209. 
Pitcher, Nathaniel, 145. 
Platt, G. V. Z., 265. 
John, 172. 



Platt, Mrs. C. Z., 254. 
Plumb, Luther, 237. 
Pohlman, Daniel, 201. 
Police justice salary, 155. 

constables ask for increas- 
ed salary, 155. 
Polish exiles, 283. 
Political parties, names of, 1828, 

174. 

Pond, S. B., 168, 195, 204. 
Pool, Calvin K., 355, 
Poor controversy, 239. 

master, salary raised, 266. 
wood for, 235. 
Population, 256, 303. 

increase of, 288. 
1697, 81. 
1790, 214. 
1830, 213, 220. 

Porter, Frederick, 227, 233, 257. 
John C., 218. 

John F., 204, 232,257, 282. 
Mrs. J. F., 188. 
Porters to be licensed, 44. 
Potatoes, high price, 253. 
Potter,Rev.Horatio,installed,265. 
Potters field, 178. 
Powder explosion before mayor's 

house, 230. 
house, 226. 
Pratt, Ralph, 174, 185, 192, 217, 

232. 

Presbyterian churches, 195. 
President's message, 196. 
Preston, Asaph, 167, 174, 233. 
Primitive methodists, 230, 238. 
Printers' delegation, 220. 
Private schools, 205. 
Proal, P. A., 123. 
Pruyn, Anna, 262. 
Johannis, 9. 
John, 183. 
J. V. L., 267. 
Lansing & Co., 183. 
Samuel, 154, 178. 
Samuel C., 53. 
& Olmsted, 166. 
Public debt, 73. 



Index. 



379 



Public deposits, meeting on re- 
moval, 281. 
house licenses, 55. 
money, loan of, 78. 
school No. 12, 344. 
square, 292. 

worship, remarkable at- 
tendance on, 297. 
Puritans sailed for Hudson river, 

286. 

Putnam, Stephen, 232, 256. 
Pye, Mrs., 261. 
Quackenboss, Adrian, 63, 79. 
Quackenbush, Abram A. B., 184. 
G., 342. 
John B., 262. 
J. N., 153, 167, 
185, 192, 208, 
218, 227, 247, 
274, 282. 
Mrs. N. N., 177. 
Margaret N., 229. 
Quinu's grocery burnt, 354. 
Radcliffe, Mrs. C. H., 341. 
James, 227. 
Mrs. J., 231. 

Raddecliff, Johannis, 56. 
Rail road from Boston, 147, 181, 

201. 

depot fell, 340. 
depot erected in state St., 

271. 

extended to river, 277. 
first trip, 248. 
meeting, 225. 
to New York, 238, 268. 
obstruct'd by snow, 333. 
in operation, 233. 
prediction, 217. 
to Schenectady, 182, 213, 
217, 242, 
261, 273. 
cost of, 263, 
269, 270. 
Rain, 172. 

on 4th of July, 188. 
long and hard, 10. 
storm, 254, 347, 353. 



Rain table, 170. 

in winter, 200. 
Ramsay, George, 283. 
Randall, Jesse, 133. 
Ranney, Thomas, 220. 

Mrs. Thomas, 340. 
Randel, William S., 2X9. 
Ranters, 343. 
Rapp, Christian, 346. 
Rasey, Joseph, 260. 
Rathbone, J. L., 273. 

& Silliman, 268. 

Rathbone's stove store burnt, 353. 
Rawls, Henry, 264. 
Rea, Mrs. John, 336. 
Reading, Daniel, 204. 
Records, city, 9. 
Rector, Henry, 204, 218, 233. 

Mrs. Henry, 155. 
Reddcliffe, Johamiis, 55. 
Reese, Charles J., 263. 
Reformed Dutch church, 195. 

Presbyterian ch., 195, 229. 
Religion, advantages of voluntary 

support, 297. 
Relyea, Mrs. John, 340. 
& Wright, 277. 
Renssel'rwyck by Father Jogues, 

130. 

Revolutionary heroes, 307. 
Reynolds, John, 213. 

lecture, 175. 

Rhines's grocery burnt, 198. 
Rhino, Rebecca, 264. 
Rice & Baker, 244. 

Nahum, 252. 

S. T.,218. 

Richardson, George T., 350. 
Richmond, Mrs. H., 343. 
Ridder, Hendrick, 55. 

T. B., 353. 

Rider, Mrs. S. J., 224. 
Riding down hill prohibited, 14, 

39. 

Rinkhout, Jan, 123. 
Riot at Fourth Presbyterian ch., 

241. 
Ritchie, Mrs., 343. 



380 



Index. 



River closed, 163, 177, 201, 221. 
238, 261, 279, 337, 338, 
356. 

high, 184. 
improvements, 172. 
navigation, congress peti- 
tioned to aid, 195. 
obstruct'n (see Overslaugh), 
open, 184, 205, 222, 225, 
243, 246, 261, 264, 280, 
334, 335, 336, 338. 
trade and tonnage, 178, 182. 

184. 

Roach, Catharine, 343. 
Roberts, Eli, 203. 

& James, 241. 
W. B., 238. 
Randall, 353. 
Robertson, Mrs. M., 347. 
Robinson, Benjamin, 171. 
James, 233, 257. 
Jared, 274. 
J. W., 217. 
John B., 223. 
Joseph, 213. 
Mrs. Thomas, 351. 
Robison, Hugh, 243. 
James, 218. 
James W., 256. 
John, 159. 

Robison's corner sold, 161. 
hill, 272. 

proposal to convert 
into monument 
to Clinton, 171. 
excavation of, 171. 
Roby, Mrs. Joseph, 244. 
Bockwell, John T., 278. 
Rockwell's mansion house, 231. 
demolished, 349. 
Rodgers, Owen, 340. 
Rogers, Ammi, 123. 

H. G. 0., 259. 
Romeyn, Derick, 122. 
Roorback, Mrs. Thomas, 216. 
Root, Alexander, 149. 
Rose Donald, 222. 
Samuel J., 333. 



Roseboom, Gerrit, Jr., 22, 34. 
Gysbert, 22, 28, 34. 
Hendrick, 9, 10, 22, 34. 
Johannis, 10, 42, 80. 
killed, 341. 
Rosekrans, John, 356. 
Roser, Mrs. J. L., 352. 
Rudes, Spencer S., 259. 
Runners, 285. 
Rusk, Robert, 252. 
Russell, Benjamin F., 224. 
David G., 351. 
Elihu, 247, 282. 
Mrs. Elihu, 341. 
Samuel, 174. 
Thomas, 192, 217. 
Vocalist, 305. 
Rutten kill bridge, 53. 

mill, 40. 

proposal to arch, 107. 
Ryan, John W., 228. 
Ryckuian, G. W., 192. 

Mrs. G. W., 338. 
Petrus, 71. 
Tobias, 9, 10, 21, 52. 
Sabbath, meeting to promote ob- 
servance of, 164. 
school convention, 333. 
remarkable observance 

of, 297. 

Sackett, William, 353. 
Sage, Hezekiah, 280. 
Sail, 134. 

Salisbury, Nelson, 343. 
Sanders, Barent, 9, 10, 22, 34,43. 
lot in State St., 244. 
James, 338. 
Sands, Sarah, 221. 
Sanford, Giles, died, 334. 
Sai-atoga steam boat, 1st trip, 163. 
Satterlee, E. R., 282. 
Savage, Judge, 262. 
Saw mill, petition to erect, 26. 
Sawyer, Sidney, 279. 
Scace, Mrs. John, 344. 
Schackkook (see Schaghticoke). 
Schaghticoke, 16, 25, 43, 53, 58, 
59, 62, 63, 70, 79, 



Index. 



381 



Scaunaughtada, 286. 
Schenectady, 116. 

described, 325. 
ladies at 4th July ce- 
lebration, 267. 
names of inhabitants, 

1698, 88. 
negroes at, 89. 
path, 80. 

rail road, 213, 217, 
242. 

first trip, 248. 
261, 273. 
cost of, 263, 

269, 270. 
(See Mohawk 

& Hudson). 
& Saratoga R. R., cost 

of, 263. 

Schermerhorn, Mrs. Ryer, 206. 
Schifler, Wm. H. (see Shifler.) 
Scholars in 1831, 224. 
Schooling, defects of, 295. 
Sch'l houses recommended, 224. 
School tax, 225. 
Schools, 292. 

radical change proposed, 

274. 

Statistics of, 205. 
Schoonmaker, J., 273. 
Schuyler, Geertruy, 80. 
Col. John, 80. 
Mrs. C., 356. 
Peter C., 28. 
Peter S., 259. 
Philip, 349. 
Scott, George, 283. 

George W.. 332. 
IraW., 252. 
Mrs. Ira W., 252. 
Mrs. M., 256. 
Mrs. P., 344. 
Scovel, Ashley, 174. 

Jonah, died, 225. 
Mrs., 257. 

Seager, Johs., 13, 24, 38, 50, 77. 
Second Dutch church, 215. 

cenotaph, 249. 

[Annals, ix.] 



Second Methodist ch., 209, 215. 
Presby. church, 182, 187, 

190, 215, 333, 351. 
Sellon, Rev. John, 203. 
Serings, Mrs., 356. 
Settlement, early, 285. 
Settlers, collision with English, 

287. 
Seymour, John, 175. 

William, 153, 167, 174, 

185, 192, 208, 217, 

227, 232, 235, 246, 

256, 277, 278. 

advocates school houses, 

224. 

Sexton, Levi, 202. 
Shaker establishment described. 

316. 

Shakers relieve sufferers, 336. 
Shankland, P. V., 219. 

Chamberlain, 233, 267. 
Shaw, Daniel, 233. 

R. D., store burnt, 162. 
Shaw's tailor shop burnt, 333. 
Shear, Christian H., 191. 
Sheldon, Hannah, 217. 
Shepard, Robert, 227. 
Shepherd, Robert, 247. 
William, 280. 
W. S. & Co., 233. 
William S., 279. 
Sheridan John, 340. 
Sherman, Algernon S., 171. 
A. N., 200. 
Josiah, 252. 
J. & Co., 234. 
Shey, William, 340. 
Shields, James, 353. 

Janet, 223. 
Shiffer, Joseph D., 217. 

Mrs. John C., 150. 
W. H., 175, 192. 
Mrs. W. H., 252. 
Shuffeldt, JohnJ., 348. 
Shultz, Christopher, 342. 

Mary, 342. 

Sickles, Abraham, 155, 175, 192, 
256. 

33 



382 



Index- 



Sickles, Mrs. D., 353. 

John C., 202. 

Mary, 186. 
Signs of the Times, newspaper, 

Silliman, Levi, 262. 
Simpson, Mrs. William, 277. 
Skerritt, John, 183. 
Peter, 231. 
Skinner, Daniel, 167. 
Charles, 282. 
E. W., 217, 232, 246, 

257, 270, 282. 
E. W. & C., 282. 
Hezekiah, 207. 
Nathaniel S., 168. 
Mansion House, 167. 
Slaves emancipated in this state, 

157. 

Slecht, Frederick, 267. 
Slingerland, Rachel, 267. 
Teunis, 167. 
Sloan, William C., 272. 
Sloops, business of, 160. 
Smith, Bridget, 162. 

Ezekiel Scott, 206. 
Israel, 172, 178. 
Rev. Mr., 195. 
Richard, 91. 
Mrs. Thomas, 255. 
& Willard, 234. 
Smith's shop, 63. 
Smyth, Mrs. Charles T., 267. 
Mrs. C. T., 332. 
Patrick, 346. 
Snow, 149, 237, 238, 259, 332, 

333, 337. 

storm, great, 205, 340. 
Snyder, H. W., 175, 192, 201. 

Mrs. Ph., 335. 
Societies in procession, 306. 
Solomons, Adolphus, 169. 

tobacco factory, 256. 
Soup house, 223. 
South Market, 191. 
South wick, John B., 267. 

Solomon, 151, 267, 
282. 



Southwick, Solomon, nominated 
for governor, 

164, 170. 
lectures, 213. 
widow of R. C., 216. 
Spalding, Mrs. P., 162. 

George W., 160. 
Spelman, B. R., 234. 
Spencer, Ambrose, 259, 276. 
Mrs. Giles, 188. 
J. L., 339. 

Spicer, Thomas G., 352. 
Sprague, Dr. W. B., 195, 249, 

283. 

called, 187. 
installed, 190. 
Spring, duration of, 311. 

street mission house, 262. 
street opened, 267. 
Squaws, ordinance concerning, 

48. 

St. George's church, 123. 
St. John, Mrs., 344. 
St. Paul's church consecrated. 

189, 221. 
St. Mary's church, 161, 180, 189, 

280. 
corner stone laid, 

193. 

opened, 215, 216. 
St. Nicholas society, 176. 
St. Patrick, panegyric, 338. 
St. Peter's church, 265. 

built, 300. 

Staats, B. P., 161, 162, 167, 182, 
185, 192, 198, 208, 
224, 227, 237, 246, 
247, 270, 273, 276. 

282. 

elected to assembly, 161. 
Mrs. B. P., died, 208. 
Cuyler, 242, 265. 
Mrs. Henry, 182. 
Isaac L., 193. 
Isaac W., 174, 176, 232, 

233, 280. 
Mrs. I. W., 350. 
JohnY., 207. 



Index. 



383 



Staats, P. P., 240. 
W. W., 176. 
widow of William, 186. 
Stafford, Mrs, Hannah, 150. 
Stage coach speed, 203. 
speed, 209. 
ran on river to Newburgh, 

181. 

Standard, newspaper, 152. 
Stauwix Hall erected, 270. 
Starr, Chandler, 145, 154, 157. 
Ephraim, died, 171. 
Samuel, 215. 
Sheldon & Co., 171. 
State Agricultural Rooms, dedi- 

cattd, 335. 
area of, 289. 
hall, 301. 
library, 301. 
temperance society, 343. 
street, 291. 

damages assessed, 244. 
new apportionment for 

widening, 263. 
proposal to pave to 

Lark street, 162. 
bridge, 336. 
widening, 234, 236, 242, 

248. ' 
Steam ferry boat, 155, 229. 

boat association directors, 

1828, 162. 
fare, 169, 172. 
first built in Albany, 

173. 

great business of, 160. 
obstructed, 200, 337. 
landing, 186. 
through by daylight, 

172. 

quick trips, 160, 172, 
173, 218, 249, 255 
256, 284. 

Stearns, John, 100. 
Stebbins, Cyrus, 123. 
Steele, Henry tf ., 338. 

Lemuel, 153, 174, 192, 218, 
227, 233, 246, 257, 273. 



Steele, Lemuel, paper hanging 
store burnt, 280. 
& Warren, 206. 
Steenbergh, JohnB., 220. 

died, 247. 

Sternbergh, Jacob P., died, 254. 
Stevens, GK M., 232, 247, 256, 
273, 282. 

Samuel, 219, 246, 259. 
William, died, 352. 
Stevenson, James, 145, 146, 158, 

169, 186. 
John, 341. 
Stewart, Daniel, 230. 

Joseph B., 163. 
Stillwater, 34. 
Stillwell, John, died, 238. 
William, 192. 

died, 282. 
house burnt, 250. 
Stockadoes, 49. 
Stone, Heber, 232. 

Mrs. Heber, 180. 
& Henly, 341. 
house taken down, 248. 
Stores, character of, 292. 

movement for closing 

early, 233. 
Strang, Jesse, trial of, 158. 

executed, 159. 
Straw hat, lady's, 154. 
Street, Richard E., 333. 
Streeter, Jarvis, 348. 
Streets and alleys, insufficient, 63. 
law regulating opening, 

242. 
ordered to be cleared, 17, 

45, 33. 
ordered to be repaired, 18, 

19. 
ordered to be full paved, 

18, 19, 46, 51, 52. 
Strike among masons, 281. 
Stringer, Samuel, 107. 
Strong, A. M., 226, 261. 
Mrs. C. K., 206. 
Sullivan, Michael, 332. 
Sun, steam boat, 150. 



384 



Index. 



Sunday regulations, 15, 40. 
schools, 292, 299. 
Supervisors, controversy about 
paupers, 239. 
preponderance of 
country, 263. 

1828, 167. 

1829, 185. 

1830, 208. 

1831, 227. 

1832, 247. 
1834, 282. 

Surrender to English, 288. 
Surveyors, 241. 
Swain, Mrs. Robert, 200. 
Swan, John B., 193. 
Swifture line, 339. 

steam boat, 152. 
Taafe, Mrs. T., 348. 
Taber, Azor, 235. 

& Dean, 265. 
Tannery burnt, 200. 
Tan yards, 28, 31. 
Tarbell, Norris, 265. 
Tar burnt to dispel cholera, 250, 

251. 

Tariff meeting, 262. 
Tasschemaker, Petrus, 122. 
Tax for revenue, 220, 236. 

schools, 225. 
Tayler, John, 92, 164. 

died, 183. 

Taylor, Mrs. Charles J., 193. 
Mrs. James, 206. 
Mrs. James, 276. 
John, 208, 227. 
Thomas, 344. 
Teazey, John, 228. 
Telegraph to Cohoes, first, 350. 
Temperance hotel, 292. 

meeting, 184. 
of people, 309. 
society, state, 202. 
Temperature, 145, 146-, 147, 148, 
150, 151, 154, 157, 158, 160, 
161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 
169, 171, 172, 175, 176, 179, 
181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 187, 



188, 190, 192, 194, 196, 203, 
222, 332, 333, 337, 341, 346, 
347, 351, 352. 

Ten Broeck, Dirk, 9, 10, 22, 58. 
Gen. A., 189. 
Johannis, 9. 
street, 229, 230. 

Ten Eyck, Abraham R., died, 343. 
C. A, 159, 236,273. 
Jacob, 354. 
J. H., 192. 
J. V. R., 188. 
& Parke, 247. 
Philip, 255. 

Terry, Mrs. David, 332. 
Thanksgiving, 221. 

sermon, 354. 
Thayer, Benjamin, 191. 
Isaac, died, 342. 
Theatre, 151, 164, 305. 

benefit to sufferers by 

fire, 166. 

closed by cholera, 250. 
Thermometer (see temperature). 

manufacturer, 239. 
Third Presbyterian church, 215, 

230. 
Thomas, John, 249. 

Richard, 191. 

Thompson, James E., 233, 347. 
tfeorge B., 341. 
Mrs., preacher, 259. 
Rev. Mr., 204. 
Robt., chamberl'n, 352. 
William, 337. 
Thorp, Aaron, 232. 

& Sprague, 162, 203, 222. 
Throop, Enos T., 180. 
Tibbals, Samuel, 184. 
Tight blanket, 105. 
Tillman, John R., 183. 
Tinker, David, 251. 
Tiononderoge, 64, 65, 68, 69, 70. 
creek, 58. 
purchased of Indians, 

72. 

resolution annuled, 75. 
Tobin, Catharine, 349. 



Index. 



385 



Tonnage at this port, 178, 182. 
Topography of city, 290. 
Topp, William H., 335. 

died, 356. 

Tories, so called, 282. 
Townsend, Charles D., 94, 111. 
John Robison, 229. 
I. & J., 190, 268, 271. 
stable burnt, 283. 
furnace burnt, 194. 
John, 174, 190, 198, 
222, 229, 239, 262. 
John, mayor, 181. 
house robbed, 210. 
advocates steam 
ferry boat, 156. 
pres. Com. Bank, 

249. 

proclamat'n, 253. 
Solomon D., 282. 
park, 277. 

Tracy, Seymour, 217. 
Trade with Indians regulated, 

48. 

monopoly granted, 286. 
Traveling, rapid, 189, 190. 
Treat, Richard S., 153. 
S. S., 107, 162, 166. 

died, 243. 

Trees cut down, 156. 
Trenor, James, died, 234. 
Tripp children, 185. 
Trotter, Mrs. John, 219, 257. 
Matthew, 148. 
Gen. Matthew, died, 221. 
Troy census, 215. 

road (see Watervliet turn- 
pike). 

Truax, Isaac, 12. 
Tally, Sarah, 203. 
Tullidge, Mrs. B., 231. 
Turck, Augustinus, 13. 
Turnpike co. proposes to build 

rail road, 227, 232. 
Unitarian, first meeting, 204. 
United Presbyterian church, 195. 
Universalist church, 191, 195, 
270. 



Universalist church, corner stone 
laid, 270, 271. 
dedicated, 193. 

Upfold, fcev. George, 163, 231. 
Utter, Mrs. Samuel, 180. 
Valentine, M. G., 354. 
Van Allen, A. J., 163. 
Mary, 163. 

Van Allen's map, 247. 
Van Alstyne, Mrs. C. T., 265. 
Martin, 150, 174. 
Van Antwerp, Daniel L., 191. 

died, 257. 
William, 184. 

Van Benthuisen B., 227, 233. 
Van Benthuysen, Gerrit, 78. 

Obadiah, R., 183. 
Thomas, 252. 
Van Bramer, James, 267. 
Van Buren. Martin, governor, 
130, 157, 183. 
Mrs. William, 280. 
Vandenberg, Jacob, 164. 
H. A., 174. 
Garret B., 75. 
Gerrit, 70. 
Gysbert, 55. 
Wilhelmus, 30. 
Wynant, 28. 
Mrs. Gertrude, 209. 
Mrs. Gilbert, 263. 
Vanderbilt, Mrs. J. C., 355. 
Vanderheyden, Joachim, 26. 

Johannis, 21, 34. 
Johannis Dirckse, 

53, 60, 62. 
house demolish- 
ed, 266. 

Vanderlip & Huxley, 186. 
Vanderlyn, Petrus, 75. 
Vauderwercke, Heudrick., 58,62, 

79. 

Vanduersen, Hendrick, 52. 
Van Duezen, Lydia, 247. 
Van Driese, Dom., 80. 
Van Guisling, Peter, 356. 
Van Ingen, H. S., 176. 
James, 236. 



386 



Index. 



Van Kleeck, Lawrence L., 175. 

Mrs. L. L., 356. 
Van Ness, Ann Maria, 147. 

John, Jr., 174, 192, 
218,233,257,274, 
282. 

Van OLinda, Henry, 107. 
Peter, 107. 

Van Ostrande, Johannis, 52. 
Van Sante, Garret, 10. 
Gerrit, 65. 
Gysbert, 67. 

Van Santen, Gerrit, 27. 
Van Santvoord, Cornelius, 122. 
Van Schaack, Nicholas, 232. 
Van Schaick, Ab., 159. 

Anthony Jr., 80. 
J. B., 276, 278. 
Gosen, high sher- 
iff, 36, 74. 
widow of Gosen, 

died, 180. 
Nicholas, 75, 
Sybrant, 290. 
T., 192. 
Van Schoonhoven, Cornelius, 

170. 

Gerrit, died, 228. 
John, 176, 192, 

233. 

& Rawles, 264. 

Van Rensselaer, Mrs. B S , 283. 
Chas. M , died, 

351. 

Mrs. C., 266. 
James, 147. 
Jeremiah, died, 

181. 

John L, 174. 
John S., 157, 
162, 165. 
Mrs. KK., 207. 
Philip, 271. 
Philip P., 148. 
Robert S , 242. 
Richard, 176. 
Stephen, 176, 
192, 233. 



Van Rensselaer, S., Jr., 218,235, 
257, 259, 
274. 

Wm.P.,271. 

Van Valkenburgh, J., 274. 
Van Vechte, Dirck, 26. 

Leendert, 70. 

Van Vechten, Abraham, 176, 242. 
Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 

238. 

Jacob, 122. 
Teunis, 257, 273. 
Mrs. Walter, 340. 
Van Wie, Peter, 259. 
Van Wormer, Frederick, 201. 
Van Zandt, John, 245. 
Sarah, 221. 
William, J., 162. 
Van Zandt's carpenter shop 

burnt, 229. 

Vault for dead, 177, 194. 
Veazie, H. A., 354. 
Veeder, John, 175. 
Venison, price of, 1642, 133. 
Vernon, George, 164, 213. 
Verplanck, Abigel, 29, 42. 
Gerluyn, 52, 80. 
Philip, 13. 

Verrebergh (see Ferrebergh). 
Vessels arrived in 1828, 178. 

tonnage of, 1829, 199. 
Victory, steam boat, 152, 162. 
first trip, 159. 
withdrawn, 207. 
sold, 196. 
Viele, John L., died, 257, 258. 

Lewis, 26. 
Visscher, Barent, 283. 

Catharine, 240. 
James, 229. 
John, 53, 159, 220. 
Visger, Jacob, 34. 
Vosburg, Abraham, 30, 50, 55. 
Vose & Co., furnace burnt, 346. 
Votes, number cast, 282. 
Vroomer, Barent, 122. 
Vrooman, Cornelius, 93. 
Waggoner. Susan, 175. 



Index. 



387 



Walderen, William, 67, 78. 
Waldron, C. A., 174, 267. 
Walker, Mrs. Edward, 349. 
John, 241. 
Mrs. Joseph, 203. 
R. J., 342. 
Thomas, 342. 
Willard, 154, 217. 
Wall in Cross street, 80. 
Wallace, Oliver, 356. 
Walsh, Charles, 175. 

John S., 243, 335. 
Dudley, 335. 
Leonard & Jackson, 243. 
Wai worth, R. H., 184, 202. 
Wandering piper, 278. 
Ward, R. E., 278. 
Ward divisions, 213. 
Wards, proposition to make 10, 

263. 

Warm day, 346. 
Warren, Moses, 160. 
Washington eulogy, 338. 

birthday Celebration, 

243, 244. 
park, 277. 
square, 226. 

Wasson, James D.,' 174, 185, 191, 
192, 208, 217, 227, 
232, 245, 247, 256, 
273, 281. 

& Jewell, 271, 272. 
Water, high, 10. 

in wells examined, 255. 
street, 146. 
Waters, John, 80. 
Watering place leased, 148, 156, 

165, 182. 

Waterman, Jeremiah, 174. 
Water vliet turnpike, 148. 

cost of, 257, 

239. 

Watson, Capt., 188. 
Watson's artillery, 221. 

William, died, 336. 
Waugh, George, 337. 
Weaver, A. H., 344. 
Charity, 338. 



Weaver, Henry, 207. 

Mrs., 344. 

Webb. Charles B., died, 278. 
Charles L., 271. 
Mrs. H. L., 281. 
J. H. & H. L., 183. 
& Douglass, 183. 
Webster, C. R., 203, 220, 282. 
George, 225. 
& Skinners, 267. 

firm dissolved, 

282. 

Guy C., 243. 
John, died, 341. 
Mrs. R.,347. 
Samuel, 164. 
& Wood, 151, 338. 
Wedding fees, ample, 298. 
Weed, Jared, died, 244. 
Rev. Mr., 195. 
Thurlow, 205. 
Weights and measures, 75. 
Weil & Allen's clothing store 

burnt, 332. 

Welch, B. T., 195, 196, 274. 
George W., 280. 
Margaret, 209. 
Wendell, Ann, 180. 

Anna S., 338. 
Cornelius, 338. 
Evert, 10, 34, 43, 77, 

78, 79. 

Gen. John H. 229. 
resigned office, 197. 
house sold, 224. 
died, 251. 
John L., 225. 
Hermanns, 10, 21. 
Mrs., 151. 
Mrs. Mary, 225. 
Peter, 98, 162. 
Samuel, 186. 
Sarah, 207. 
Wendell's mill, 40. 
Well water analyzed, 255. 
Wengerman, A. J. H., 351. 
Westcott, Leonard, 244. 
Westerlo, Eilardus, 350. 



388 



Index. 



Westerlo street, proposed to 

pave, 171. 

Westervelt, Benjamin, 339. 
Wheaton, H. G., 192, 276. 
Mrs. H. G., 356. 
Wheeler, Nicholas, 172. 
Whigs, so called, 282. 
Whipple, Barnum, 192. 
died, 336. 

reward for coal, 224. 
Elsie D., trial of, 158. 
John, shot, 151. 
Mrs. William, 264. 
White, Andrew, died, 354. 
Johannah, 353. 
Wm.. 257, 273, 280. 
Whitmore, Rev. Mr., 123. 
Whitney, Chauncey, shop burnt, 

339. 

Wiggins, John, 256. 
Wigton, Samuel, 180. 
Wilcox, Daniel, 282. 
Wild animals, 133. 
Wilkes, John, 196. 
Wilkinson, Nancy, 354. 
Willard, Dr. Elias, 95, 147, 149, 

226. 

Mrs. Elias, 147. 
Dr. S. D.T90. 
Willett, Elbert, 163. 
Mary, 231. 
Sarah, 240. 

Williams, Annual Register, 248. 
Mrs. A., 229. 
David, 221. 
Edward, 34. 
Erastus, 194. 
Israel, 208, 273. 
Mrs. Israel, 350. 
Mrs. J. J., 277. 
Platt, 101, 109. 
Mrs. Susan, 244. 
Thomas, 13. 
William B., 351. 
William W., 202. 
Wilson, 172. 

Williamson, Mrs. John, 252. 
Rev. Mr., 195, 270. 



Willie, Walter, 119. 
Willis, N. P., 218, 245. 
Wilson, Benjamin, 167, 185, 208, 

227, 247, 282. 
Charles, 339. 
John, 264. 
Mrs. Martha, 232. 
Samuel, 215. 
Willson, Rev. J. R., 242. 
Wiltsie, Catharine, 175. 
Winants, Josiah, 208, 217, 227, 

247, 273. 

Wing, Joel A., 101. 
Winne, Cillejan, 75. 
Jan, 57. 
Jellis, Jr., 245. 
J. L., 156, 174, 218. 
Mrs. J. W., 219. 
KilianL, 191. 
& Link, burnt out, 339, 

344. 

Myndert, 226. 
Peter, 10, 22, 34. 
Bebecca, 348. 
William B., 229. 
William L, 273. 
Winter gaiety, 304. 
rigor of, 311. 
Wiswall, W. L, 157. 
Women, number of, 1697, 81. 
Wood & Acres, 151. 

Bradford R., 313. 
George, died, 338. 
Jonathan, 339. 
Woodburn, Lewis, 224. 
Woodhouse, Charles, 279. 
Woodruff, Hunloke, 90, 91, 94, 

99. 

S. B., 279. 

Woodward, Jane G., 355. 
Woollen manufactures, meeting 

upon, 157. 
Work house proposed, 219, 270, 

279. 
Working men's party, 204, 207. 

217. 

Worthington, Denniston, 279 . 
Wright, Frances, 193. 



Index. 



389 



Wright Ebenezer, 241. 
Justus, 232. 
Sarah, 334. 

Wyngaert, Luycas J , 10. 
Wynkoop, H. G., 217. 
H. W., 232. 
Yates, C. C., 109. 

Christopher, 31. 

Henry, 262. 

J. V. N., 167, 174, 233, 

247. 

John W., died, 165. 
Joseph, 63. 



Yates & Mclntyre, 263. 
Robert," 19 7. 
W. S., 262. 
Young, George, 201. 
& Ehle, 247. 
John B., 242. 
Mrs. S. V. B., 352. 
Men's association, 279, 

308, 334. 
organized, 278. 
men's convention, 315. 
Youngs, Erastus, 243. 
Zeeger, Johannis (see Seager). 






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