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Full text of "The annals of Albany"

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| ARBOR | 

Presented to the 

UBRAKYofthe 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 

by 

TJTA?.IO LEGISLATIVE LI3?JQY 




SECOND DUTCH CHURCH, 
Beaver Street. Erected 1806. 










THE 



I 




ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



BY JOEL MUNSBLL. 



VOL. X. 










, 




ALBANY: 

MUNSELL & ROWLAND, PRINTERS. 

1859. 



CONCLUDING AND GENERAL ADDRESS 
TO THE KEADEK. 



Agreeably to the announcement made in the last volume, this 
work is now brought to a close. Although ten volumes have been 
published, they are very far from containing all that has been writ- 
ten, not to mention what remains unwritten, on the opkomst, aan- 
was en geschiedenis the origin, progress, and history, of Albany. 

A peculiar and unique interest attaches to Albany, as the eldest 
born of existing settlements in the original United States: and, 
during the entire two and a half centuries that have elapsed since 
her origin, she has not ceased to be regarded as a place of public 
consideration and importance. In the Colonial times, Albany was 
the great entrepot of the Indian trade. Here the lordly Iroquois 
met their white brethren in council ; and treaties were entered into, 
and leagues were formed. And here, under the leadership of Frank- 
lin, the assembled delegates of the different colonies first learned 
to exercise the confederated power that, some thirty years later, 
achieved their independence of all foreign rule. And, on the sur- 
rounding hills, or covering the lowlands by the river side, here were 
gathered and marshaled those brilliant hosts, that marched forth to 
contest, with various fortune but final success, the French supremacy 
in America. And, as the patriotic statesmen of the Colonies had 



* v Concluding and General Address. 

here essayed their nascent powers, so here did the youthful Provin- 
cial chivalry first learn to emulate the strict discipline and trained 
courage of their veteran companions in arms, the gallant soldiers of 
England. And years after, when marching to the national air they 
here first appropriated as their own, they met their former allies on 
the battle field, they showed that the lessons thus commenced had 
not been learned in vain. In truth, the history of Colonial Albany 
is filled with brilliant scenes and soul-stirring memories. Nor is 
the Albany of the Revolution deficient in similar, and, for us, 
prouder pictures. When to Albany the army of Burgoyne was 
led captive, from the glorious field of Saratoga, the first great suc- 
cess of the war was achieved ; and the happy event of the struggle, 
though distant, became assured. The writer regrets that he has 
only been able to indicate scenes, that would afford the fullest scope 
to the life-giving pencil of the historian. And, warned by his 
limited space, he must turn to a homelier theme yet one that is 
not wanting in deep interest to many of his readers. 

Earlier travelers have presented the inhabitants of Albany in a 
light far from flattering ; and Irving's gracefully humorous pen has 
scattered far and wide, ridiculous pictures of the race that long 
constituted the great bulk of the population. The Dutch require 
no defense at our hands. If Irving's amusing sallies have some- 
what lowered the popular appreciation of the Dutch character, 
another American of English blood has more than atoned for the 
wrong. The brightest chaplet woven in honor of Holland and her 
people, has, in our day, been laid upon the altar of Fame by the 
New Englander, MOTLEY. 

As regards the faults of the early inhabitants of Albany, we may 
well pause, when we witness the vices that, even in this enlightened 
day, seem inseparable from the prosecution of the Indian trade; 
and, learning humility from the sight, we can not fail to extend the 
broad mantle of charity over the misdeeds of the rude burgers of 
another age. But, if need be, there are other arguments to be urged 
in extenuation of the unpolished manners and other short-comings 
of our predecessors. Lying on the very verge of civilization, for a 



Concluding and General Address. v 

long time in her history, trade and self-defence were the paramount 
objects of solicitude with the people of Albany. It could hardly be 
expected that such an outpost would become eminent for luxury and 
refinement, while surrounded by innumerable perils. The town 
that was " really the frontier of all North America" (p. 107), could 
not neglect the trade to which it owed its origin, or the vigilance 
necessary to its existence, in order to indulge in the sophisticated 
pursuits of a community surrounded by all the blandishments of 
peace, and ease, and plenty. And finally, when the danger, to 
which they had become roughly inured, was removed, it could not 
reasonably be anticipated that these sturdy men would, at once, 
become shining examples of refinement that wealth in beaver 
skins would at once give place to wealth in letters. 

But years have passed since those " troublous times ;" and it is 
believed that during the interval the progress of Albany, in every 
thing that elevates and adorns civilized life, has been commensurate 
with that of her neighbors. Literature, science, and the arts have 
many votaries in our midst ; and recent travelers, as well as the 
assembled scientific magnates of the Union, have not failed to bear 
testimony to the elegant, refined, and generous hospitality, of the 
citizens of Albany. 

It gives the editor much pleasure that he is able to close 
this sketch by an extract from the Illustrated London News of 
Jan. 15, 1859, fully sustaining the opinion above expressed. The 
extract is from the " Transatlantic Sketches," addressed to the 
News by its editor, the distinguished poet and cultivated gentleman, 
Dr. CHARLES MACKAT, during a recent tour through the United 
States. 

" Travelling thus on the left bank of the river for upwards 
of one hundred miles, I arrived at Albany, and betook myself to 
Congress Hall, in the upper part of the city. This hotel was 
recommended to me as an establishment much frequented by mem- 
bers of the two houses of the legislature, who here in the capital of 
the " Empire State," undertake the local government of a common- 
wealth almost as large as England, and nearly doubly as populous 



vi Concluding and General Address. 

as Scotland. I had no reason to repent my choice, and during a 
residence of ten days was enabled to see the Senators in deshabille, 
and to learn something of the mode and the agencies by which 
public and private bills are brought into and carried through par- 
liament in an ultra democracy. ****** Albany 
beautifully situated on ground rising steeply from the banks of 
the Hudson contains about fifty thousand inhabitants, and is one 
of the most attractive, cleanly, well-ordered, and elegant cities of 
America. Though overshadowed by the commercial greatness of 
New York, which in this respect it can never hope to rival, it is, 
next to Washington, the greatest focus of political life within the 
limits of the confederacy. Between the commercial and the political 
capital of this great state (which it has recently been proposed to 
call Ontario instead of New York), there is a great contrast. New 
York city is busy, unscrupulous, energetic, ill-governed, full of 
rowdyism, and the most violent manifestations of mob-law and 
mob-caprice ; but Albany is staid, decent, and orderly. The tone 
of society is quiet and aristocratic ; and the whole appearance of the 
place gives the traveller an idea of wealth and refinement. Further 
acquaintance only tends to confirm the impression. State street at 
the top of which, in the Park, a beautiful open space, adorned with 
noble elms and maples, stand the Capitol and other principal public 
buildings rises steeply from the water's edge to the crown of the 
hill. It is a broad and handsome thoroughfare, and at various 
points commands a picturesque view over the Hudson to the lofty 
green hills beyond. Albany is a place of considerable trade and 
manufacture. It produces very excellent cabinet-work of all kinds, 
and is particularly celebrated for its stoves, grates, and ornamental 
iron- work. It has two, if not three daily newspapers, and a flourish- 
ing literary and scientific institution. The Roman Catholic Cathe- 
dral is internally one of the largest and most magnificent ecclesi- 
astical edifices in America. Here high mass is sometimes performed 
with a splendor and completeness, orchestral and vocal, not to be 
excelled even in Paris or Vienna, and to which London, as far as I 
know, can make no pretentious. Albany is the proposed site of 



Concluding and General Address. vii 

what promises to be the noblest observatory in America, to the 
foundation of which the public spirit of a private citizen (if the 
term be applicable to a lady) has contributed the sum of 80,000 
dollars." 

The editor will not apologize for the length of this extract, for 
he feels that it can not but prove both interesting and agreeable to 
his readers. He must, however, beg that they will bear him com- 
pany a little longer, while he turns aside to speak of the work 
completed with the present volume. 

He has been told by friends, who sympathize with the feelings 
that prompted the undertaking, that it is due, as well to his readers 
as to himself, that he should give a sketch of the origin and pro- 
gress of the work, and of tlie difficulties that have made it incum- 
bent on him to bring it to a close, while so rich a store of materials 
for the history of Albany yet remains unpublished to the world. 
Guided by the judgment of these perhaps too partial friends, he 
will conclude this notice by giving a concise bibliographical account 
of the Jlnnals of Albany. The very nature of the subject requiring 
that he should speak of himself of his trials, troubles and disap- 
pointments he trusts that his readers, with a generous indulgence, 
will pardon the seeming egotism with which he confides to them 
the story of his personal connection with the work. 

This work was begun as an annual almanac in the year 1849. It 
was soon evident that its more costly bulk, and the limited circle 
of patrons to whom its purely local character commended it, would 
forbid the hope of its competing with the various general almanacs, 
scattered cheaply over the laud. But the editor still believed that 
a work of more permanent character, addressed to the restrospective 
curiosity the historic instincts of his fellow-citizens, would meet 
with, at least, an adequate support. New material was therefore 
added to that already collected, and, in 1850, the first volume of 
the dnnals appeared. The anticipations of the editor and publisher 
were not realized ; but being somewhat deeply imbued with the 
antiquarian spirit, and still hopeful that a responsive feeling might 
be awakened by his very efforts, he continued his labors; and 



viii Concluding and General Address. 

volume after volume was produced. At length it "became but too 
evident that such hopes were illusory and vain. It will surprise 
many of his readers to learn that the whole body of his patrons, at 
home and abroad, numbered but little more than one hundred. And 
a very limited acquaintance with the book trade will be sufficient to 
assure them that one hundred dollars will fall far short of the simple 
cost of the engravings, paper, printing, and binding even of a 
book so little pretentious to typographical luxuriousness as is the 
one they are now perusing. His not too plethoric purse admonished 
the editor that he must bring his labors to a close. And it only 
became a question with him how to round off the series in a manner 
that would not disappoint the kind friends who, at the outset, bid- 
ding him God speed, had ever since welcomed his annual offerings . 
He would not wish to leave a fragmentary and altogether incom - 
plete work upon their hands : and he has continued the series 
until now that he can close it without dishonor. This tenth volume 
completes the Notes from the Newspapers, to the year 1847, when the 
annual chronicle of the work commenced. And having thus pre- 
sented a continuous chronology of the principal events, as found in 
the newspapers, for the past eighty-eight years (from 1771 to 1859), 
the editor trusts that he may be permitted to retire from his labors, 
with the friendly sympathy and kind adieus of those who have 
accompanied him on his way. 

He regrets that the transcripts from the City Records must re- 
main incomplete, terminating as they do, with the year 1753. They 
were begun in the second volume with the year 1686, when the 
charter was received from Gov. Dongan, and have been published 
nearly entire, embracing a period of almost seventy years. These 
records are preserved in the Chamberlain's office, but are not 
wholly safe from the danger of loss, and having no indexes, they 
are as a sealed book to those who wish to consult them. The 
portions yet unpublished comprise the periods of the old French 
war, and of the Revolution ; and they abound with valuable and 
most interesting historical matter. Let us hope that some future 
board of the Common Council will undertake the task which proved 



Concluding and General Address. ix 

too great for the unaided means of the writer of presenting to the 
world a complete edition of the City Records of Albany. 

Should these volumes at any future time, fall into the hands of a 
stranger, the editor and publisher trusts that the statement here 
given will account for and excuse such imperfections as may exist. 
Had his enterprise received a more liberal support, it would have 
delighted him to secure to the work a higher grade of literary labor, 
to embellish it with more expensive illustrations, and to issue it to 
his patrons, a specimen of sumptuous typography. But it was not 
to be. As strict economy required, the literary labor devolved 
almost wholly upon himself. 

But he will not dwell upon the hours stolen from that repose 
rendered necessary by the toilsome avocations of the day, and de- 
voted to turning over the dusty files of old newspapers, or to the 
deciphering of the crabbed writings of a past generation. He will 
not speak of days of rest passed among the tombs, and employed 
in copying the brief mementos of those sleeping their last sleep 
beneath. Nor will he complain of these tasks, for they have, in- 
deed, been labors of love. 

Perhaps, in after years, when his own form has long lain mould- 
ering in the dust, some kindred spirits will pleasantly recall his 
memory, and thank him for these memorials of the past he has 
helped to rescue from oblivion. In dreams like these the antiquary 
finds his cherished, though unsubstantial recompense. 

ALBANY, April 12, 1859. 



ILLUSTKATIONS. 



Second Ref. Prot. Dutch Church, Front. 

Public Stocks, 106 

Fac-simile of the Signature of Thomas Seger, ... 160 

Dutch Church in State Street, 218 

Ancient Costume, 218 

Exchange Building, 263 

Portrait of Charles E. Dudley, 310 

Portrait of Thomas Hastings Cushman, 322 

Agave Americana, 332, 335 

Stanwix Hall, 354 

Portrait of Abraham Van Vechten, 382 

Vegetable Market, 416 

St. Peter's Church, 427 

Church of Holy Innocents, 432 

Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church,. 440 



CONTENTS. 



The City Records, '. 9 

Freedoms Purchased in 1781, 153 

Ancient Burial Ground, 154 

Agreement with the Wharf Association, 155 

Warranty Deed of a Negro Sweep, 156 

Bill of Sale of Pompey, a Slave, to the Corporation, 151 

Opening of Ferry Street, , 158 

Proposals for Keeping the Watch, 1787, 159 

Common Council Address to the Public on the Great 

Fire of 1793, , 160 

Fast Day Recommended by the Clergy on account 

of the Fire of 1797, 161 

A Corporation Bill for Punch, 161 

Geology of Albany County, 162 

The City's Ancient Ravines, 167 

Scraps from the Dutch Records, 170 

Macauley's Account of Albany, 172 

Random Recollections, 189 

Reminiscences of Albany by Elkanah Watson, .'. . . 219 

Petition of Rev. G. Dellius for payment of Services, 223 

Notes from the Newspapers, 225 



xii Contents. 

Abraham Van Vechten, 382 

Albany, its Prospects and Advantages, 384 

Census of Albany County in 1840, 398 

Notices of the Winters, It89 to 1831, 401 

Annals of the Year 1858, 406 

Church of the Holy Innocents, 432 

Third Eeformed Protestant Dutch Church, 440 

Memoir of John Lovett, 450 

Index, 451 



ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



THE CITY RECORDS. 

Continued from vol. ix, p. 80. 

Alt a Common Council held in the City hall of Albany, 
this 10th Day of July, 1731 Present, John De Pey- 
ster.Esq. Mayor, Dirck Ten Broeck, Esq. Recorder, 
Ryer Gerritse, Tobyas Ryckman, Cornelius Cuyler, 
Johannis Roseboom, Jun'r, Samuel Pruyn, Esqrs., 
aldermen, Johannis Van Ostrander, Johannis Vischer, 
Jun'r, Nicholas Bleecker, Jun'r, Isaac Lansingh, as- 
sistants. ' 

A Petition of Jan Oothout is delivered in this Common 
Council and the same is taken into consideration. 

An account of several measures received from New- 
York for this city, amounting to the sum of one pound 
seventeen shillings and ten pence, being as follows: 
a Gill - 026 

a Pint - ,- - 4 
a Quart - - 066 

a i gallon - - - - 12 
a Stamping the same - - 10 
a Beam 12 



1 17 10 

Ordered that Barent Bratt pay the same to the mayor 
to send the same down to New York. 

1731, July 20. Whereas an Express came down out 
of the name of Shaims of the Indian Castell of jenon- 
derogo desired the Commonality to meet the Shaims at 
the Castell in the time of five or six days, for that the 

[Annals, x.] 2 



10 The City Records. 

Shaims and the rest of the Indians of said Castell where 
willing and desireus as to make a gift to the said Com- 
monality of the wood Land joyning behynd the Low or 
Meddoland of Jenonderogo which they heretefore have 
given in trost to the s d Commonality. 

Whereupon it is Resolved that John De Peyster, Esq., 
mayor,. Johannis Roseboom, Jun'r, Esqr., Alderman, Jo- 
hannis Vischer, Jun'r, Gerrit Lansingh, Jun'r and Nich- 
olas Bleecker, Jun'r, Ass'ts, being apointed a comitte 
to goo to the said Moquas country and have full power 
to act with said Indians for the most beneficial for this 
city. And that each person of the above named comitte 
shall have for their service six shillings per day so long 
as they are upon that service, besides all reasonable 
charges and six shillings more each on the whole for the 
horse, and that they take up along with them (viz.) four 
gallons Rum, two gallons Wine, four pounds Sugger and 
six pounds Tobaco. 

It is agreed with Mr. Johannis E. Wendell to goo along 
with the said comitte to the Moquas country as an inter- 
preter and is to have as much as the above appointed 
comitte, that is (viz.) six shillings a Day so long as they 
are upon that service and six shillings .more upon the 
whole for the horse. 

1731, August 2. An account of severall waights re- 
ceived from New York for this city, amounting to the 
sum of one pound three shillings and nine fence, being 
as follows (viz.) 

one ps. of 4 Ib. 

one do. of - 2 

one do. of 1 

one do. of - - J 

one do. of an ounce. 

In all 7J Ib. & one ounce a 3s. per Ib. - - 129 
for staming the same 010 

139 

Ordered that Barent Bratt pay the same to the mayor 
to send the same down to New York. 



The City Records. 11 

1731, September 2. It is Resolved that a Letter be 
sent down to New York to the Representatives of this 
city and county, desireing them to Jntest for an act of 
general assembly for to make some stoon pints and Block- 
houses round this city in such convenient places as this 
Commonality shall think fitt. 

It is ordered that Barent Bratt, city Treasurer, do pay 
unto Gerret Van Benthuyse the sum of eleven shillings 
and six pence, it being for wood delivered for y e Watch. 

A Petition of Harmanus Ryckman is delivered for this 
Common Council and the same is referred till next meet- 
ing. 

1731, Sept. 18. That* whereas Mr. John Cuyler and 
Evert Wendell have taken ground into their possession 
properly belonging to this city, therefore this board have 
promised Mr. Edw d Collins thirty shillings for a retain- 
ing fee ags 1 all persons as also 30s. ag l Mr. Cuyler and 
the like sum ag l Mr. Wendell. 

That whereas Mr. Hend Bries has preferred a Petition 
to this board, praying to have the first offer to purchase 
apiece of vacant ground lying on the north side of s' 1 
Bries's dwelling house and lott, running along the same, 
it is therefore resolved to take the same into considera- 
tion at our next meeting. 

Whereas James Stenhouse has wrote some particular 
writeings for the service of this city, ordered therefore 
that at our next meeting we grant an order to Barent 
Bratt, our Treasurer, to pay s d James Stenhouse four- 
teen shillings. 

1731, Sept. 22. A Petition of Joseph Yates, Jun'r, 
Jeremiah Mendivel and Petrus Ryckman is delivered in 
this Common Council and the same is referred till next 
meeting. 

It is ordered that Barent Bratt, city Treasurer, do pay 
unto James Stenhouse the sum of fourteen shillings, it 
being for some service done for this Commonality. 

It is likewise ordered that Barent Bratt, city Treasurer, 



12 The City Records. 

do pay unto Gysbert Van Sante, Dirck Marten and Ja- 
cobus Hilton, each of them the sum of one pounds ten 
shillings, it being for service done by them for goeing 
down to New York and back again, for service as afores d 
for this Commonality. 

Whereas Evert Wendell has taken in with a fence 
some of the city ground lying on the north side of the 
Beavers kill and to the west of the fence of the wedow 
Casperse, without leafe or leysence of the Commonality, 
and he being required to take up the said fence between 
this and to morrow at twelf a clock, and if he neglect so 
to do, it is ordered that two fitt persons (to wit) Jacobus 
Hilton and Richart Martin shall be appointed to cutt and 
take down the said fence and we do promise to indemnify 
the said persons. 

Whereas Johannis Cuyler has taken in with a fence 
some of the city ground lying on the north side of the 
lott where the said Cuyler now lives and fronting the 
street which leads up the hill to the Pearle street, oppo- 
site to the House of David Groesbeeck, it is therefore 
ordered that two fitt persons (to witt) Jacobus Hilton 
and Richart Martin be appointed to cut and take down 
the said fence, and the same persons shall be indemnified 
by us. 

1731, Sept. 23. Whereas Mr. Johannis Cuyler has 
desired some further time upon the above resolution of 
yesterday, and it is considered by this Common Council 
to give further time to take up his fence between this and 
next Thursday the 30th instant, otherwise that the above 
Resolution shall be put' in execution by the above named 
persons or some others which shall be appointed. 

1731, Sept. 29. In persuance of the directions of the 
Charter of the city of Albany, two aldermen, two ass'ts 
and one constable being chosen this day in each respect- 
ive ward of the s d city by pluralitys of votes by the in- 
habitants of each respective wards who have rite to chuse 
and return being made who are as follows: 



The City Records. 1 3 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Ryer Gerritse, Isaac Lansing, 

Tobyas Ryckman. Joha's Van Ostrander. 

John Olver, Jim., Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Cornelius Cuyler, Joba's I. Beeckmart, 

Joha's Roseboom, Jun. Nicholas Bleecker, JuB. 
Jacob C. Ten Eyck, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Samuel Pruyn, Gerrit Lansingh, Jun., 

Jacob Lansingh. Johannis Visger, Jun. 

Hendrick Gerritse, Constable. 

Barent Bratt chosen and appointed City Chamberlain 
or Treasurer for this insueing year. 

Petrus Ryckman appointed high Constable for the in- 
sueing year. 

1731, October 7. It is Resolved that the Resolution 
of the 22d & 23d of September last past shall be put in 
execution forthwitt by such persons as shall be appointed 
which are appointed accordingly (viz/), Gysbert Van 
Sante and Jeremiah Pemberton, to cutt and take down 
the fences mentioned in the aforesaid Resolutions and 
the Commonality do promise to indemnify the above said 
persons. 

Resolved that an ordinance be made and published 
consearning the Regulations for the Market-house and 
places in this city, and which s d ordinance is to be entered 
in the book of ordinances kept to that porpose. 

1731, Oct. 9. The Ordinance for the regulating and 
the markets and appointing the places where publish* 1 
this day and ordered to be entred in the Book ordinances 
kept for that porpose. 

The severall accounts as Debts due from the Corpora- 
tion to the severall persons hereunder named where ex- 
amined and allowed amounting in the whole to the sum 
of one hundred and twenty-three pounds one shilling and 
three pence. 



14 



The City Records. 



Ordered lhat a warraut be issued out to the Treasurer 
for the payment of the same (viz). 
To Jeremiah Van Rensselaer for firewood and one fat 

sheep - 10: 0: 

To Philip Livingston for his service as Clerk 

of the Commonality for y e year past 12: 0: 
To Johannis Segeras Marchel and other ser- 
vice - ... 8:16: 
To Jacob Eggemont as Belleman - 15: 0: 
To Jeremiah Pemberton as do 15:0:0 
To Ragel Radliff wed' w of Johannis Radliff, 

dec'd ...... 5 

To John De Peyster, per account - 1 1 

To Johannis Roseboom Jun. per do 

To Gerrit Lansingh Jun. per do 

To Cornelius Cuyler, per do 

To Myndert Schuyler, per do 

To Wynant Van Den Bergh, per do - - 

To Johannis Visger Jun. per do 

To Nicholas Bleecker Jun. per do 

To Samuel Pruyn, per do 

To Tobyas Ryckman, per do 

To Jan Rosie, per do - 1: 

To Johannis E. Wendell, per do . 2: 

To Anna Kitchnaers, per do . , 2: 

To Isaac Lansingh, per do 0: 

To Hendrick Oothout, per do - 0: 

To William Hogan, per do 

To Johannis Seger, per do .6:5: 1} 

To Edward Collins for fees - 4:10:0 

To Joseph Yates Jun. for warning people to 

watch - 1:10: 

To Jeremiah Mandivel for service do 1:10: 

To Petrus Ryckman for do 1:10: 

To Peter Goewey for do 0:10: 

To Jeremiah Pemberton for striking down 
fences in y e Beavers kill behind Joannis 
Beeckman Jun. - - - - 2:5:0 



0: 
6:10 
16: 9 
10: 
13-.10J 
10: 6 
4: 9 
10: 
10: 
13: 

8 

6 
3 

6 



16 
7: 

13: 
1: 
5- 

12 



Carried over, 



120:10: 3 



The City Records. 15 

Brought over 120:10: 3 

To Gysbert Van Saute for same and charges 1:16: 
To Richart Hilton for striking down y e fence 

in the Beavers kill - 0:15:0 



123: 1: 3 

1731, Oct. 13. Whereas there was an agrem' made 
in Common Council the 3th Augs 1 1728, with Mr. 
Rutger Bleecker, then mayor, for a certain ps of ground 
lying in foxes kill for the sum of five pounds and five 
shillings, and that the convinence of the same should be 
granted to Nicholas Bleecker according to the Tennor of 
the said Resolution which said Resolution is hereby con- 
firmed. And Resolved that the mayor do execute a deed 
for the same in behalf of the Commonality. 

Anthony Van Scfhaick appeared here in Common 
Council desiring in behalf of himself and De wd w Cattriena 
Van Schaick to purchase a small ps. of ground adjoyning 
to the rest of there lotts to the west of the street and to 
the south Ryer Gerritse and to the north the street, being 
broad from the south to the north seven rod and six foot 
and in length on the north side 2-J- foot and on the south 
side six foot all Rynland measure, and as the same is 
now in there possession and fence, which the Common- 
ality sold this day to the said Anthony and Cattriena 
Van Schaick for the sum of two pounds. 

Resolved y l the mayor in behalf of this Commonality do 
execute a Deed for the same. 

Whereas Jan Winne hath heretofore bought a lott of 
ground situate, lying and being at the foot of y e Gallows 
hill on the north side of y e lott of Jonathan Broecks, 
containing in length one hundred and twenty foot wood 
measure and in breath on the front to the east side of s d 
lott thirty foot, and on the rear twenty-five foot Rynland 
measure? all which time the s d Commonality promised 
to the said Winne y l in case the five foot on the rear 
whould not be in the way, in case a block house should 
be erected on the hill that then they would lett him have 
it for a reasonable price to make his lott square, and 



16 The City Records. 

now they have fued the same and find it of no hinderence 
wherefore they have now sold it to the s d Winne the five 
foot Ryuland measure on the rear of his lott and so along 
on a streight line to y e norteast corner of his said lott, 
which makes a Tryangle, for which he is to pay ten 
shillings and the writeings. Resolved that the mayor in 
behalf of the Commonality do execute a Deed for the 
same. 

Whereas Johannis Ostrander made application to this 
Commonality to be made a freeman of this city, where- 
upon it is resolved that the mayor do grant the said 
Ostrander a Laycence for the same and that he pay six 
shillings for the use of the city and fees. 

Whereas a Petition is presented of some of the inhabit- 
ants of the first ward for to make and erect a market 
house upon their own charges at the water side opposite 
the street which runs up between Johan's Lansing and 
Luykas Wyngaert, which is granted accordingly. 

The severall acc'ts as debts due from the Corporation 
to the severall persons hereunder named where examined 
and allowed (viz). 

To Nicholas Schuyler - * - 10:2:0 
To Matthew Flansburgh - - 0:6:0 
To Anthony Bogardus - - - 3:16:6 
To Gysbert Van Sante - - - 0:13:6 

14:18:9 

Ordered y 4 Barent Bratt, city Treasurer, do pay the 
same to y e above named persons. 

1731, Oct. 15. Whereas Mr. Abraham Cuyler appeared 
here in Common Council and made application to us for 
four morgans of low land lying and being in the Moquas 
country on the west end of a large Flatt over Tinnonde- 
rogo creek between two small creeks which waters into 
the Moquas river, 

It is Resolved that the said Cuyler shall have the same 
for the sum of two pounds current money to be paid upon 
perfecting a Deed for the same and an acknowledgement 
to this city yearly and every year two skipple for every 



The City Records. 17 

morgan which is to commence a year after the improve- 
ment of the same or any part thereof. 

And it is further Resolved that in case the s d Cuyler 
or his assigns be hindred in their improvement by a warr 
with the French, that then for such time no acknowledge- 
ment is to be paid. 

It is Resolved that the mayor for the time being do 
execute an Indenture for the same in behalf of y e Com- 
monality. 

Resolved that the clerk do give to Ryer Gerritse a copy 
of the minutes of Common Council of y e year 1671 and 
y e year 1697 consearning the lott of ground which Jan 
Verbeek had of this city and the oath of the said Jan 
Verbeek consearning the same. 

1731, Oct. 14. Hans Hansen, Esq. mayor, produced 
a Commission under the broad Seal of this Province for 
mayor of the city of Albany, coroner and clark of the 
market for the insueing year and toke the oaths appointed 
by law and the oaths for the due performance of the s d 
offices. 

James Stevenson produced a Commission under the 
broad Seal of this Province for high sheriff of the city 
and county of Albany for the ensueing year and toke the 
oath appointed by law and the oath for the due perform- 
ance of his office. 

The following aldermen and assistants are sworn for 
the ensueing year, (viz.) 

First Ward Ryer Gerritse, Tobyas Ryckman, alder- 
men; Isaac Lansing, Johannis Ostrander, assistants. 

Second Ward Cornelius Cuyler, Johannis Roseboom, 
Jun'r, aldermen; Joh's J. Beeckman, Nicholas Bleecker, 
Jun'r, assistants. 

Third Ward Samuel Pruyn, Jacob Lansingh, alder- 
men; Gerrit Lansing, Jun'r, Johannis Visser, Jun'r, 
assistants. 

1731, Oct. 16. Petrus Ryckman sworn as high con- 
stable for the ensueing year. 

Hendrick Gerritse sworn for y e ensueing year as con- 
stable for the third ward of this city. 

This day appeared here in Common Council Johannis 



18 The City Records. 

Seger, Andries Bratt, Johannis Radliff and Jacobus Rad- 
liff and desired to be Bellemans for the insueing year, 
commencing the 16th instant and ending the 16th of April 
next ensueing, to go round every night two and two to- 
gether and to call every hour of the night from ten a 
clock to four in the morning, and to call at all the useall 
places of the city what a clock and what wheather it is, 
for which service they are to have each of them the sum 
of five pounds and ten shillings curr 1 money and each of 
them five pounds of Candles, and they are to enter into 
bonds for the performance of s d service. 

It is also ordered that Ragel Radliff shall ring the bell 
at the hour of eight a clock at night. 

1731, Nov. 6. By an Ordinance this day published, 
the following persons are appointed firemasters in each 
respective ward as follows (viz.) 

First Ward Isaac Fryer, Eghbert Eghbertse. 

Second Ward Matheys Vander Heyden, Frans Pruyn, 
Jun'r. 

Third Ward Wilhelmus Van Den Bergh, Matheys 
De Garmo. 

1731, December 22. An Ordinance published this 
day, as may be seen in folio 6 and 7 in a Book of ordi- 
nances kept for y e purpose, 

It is Resolved by this Common Council that an En- 
guin or Water Spuyt be sent for to England per the first 
appertunity in the Spring. 

173J, February 22. Whereas there was a Resolution 
made in Common Council the 1st day of Feb. 172 g- that 
the mayor should execute & indenture to Abraham and 
Isaac Fortt for ten morgan of upland lying at Schaahkook 
which is as yet not executed, 

Therefore it is now Resolved that the mayor shall 
execute an indenture for ten morgan of upland to the 
above named Abraham & Isaac Fort, and the considera- 
tion to be mentioned in the said Indentures. 

A Petition of Philip Hansen being this day presented 
in .Common Council, it is ordered that y e same petition 
be taken into consideration at the next meeting. 



The City Records. 19 

This day an ordinance was published which is entered 
in y e book of ordinance keept to that purpose & y' 1 oath 
of Joh's Hansen likewise. 

173^, Feb. 29. Conformable to a resolution entered 
into at our late board of Councill held the 22d day of 
December last, it being then agreed to write for and en- 
gage a water Engine and for the better extinguishment 
lire which accidentally might happen as has hitherto 
been to the great damage of the inhabitants of this city, 
Now it is the full Resolution of this board that a Letter 
be wrote to Mr. Stephen D. Lancey, merchant at New 
York, to request him to engage us one of the water En- 
gines of Richard New%ham, engineer, of the fifth sort, 
with suction and six foot sucking Pipe with a leathern 
Pipe of 40 foot including brass Screws, for which said 
water Engine when delivered at New York to us or our 
order in good condition, we do by our Letter to said 
D. Lancey premise to pay him or his order at the same 
rate that the Corporation of the city of New York have 
paid for their Engines, (that is to say) at the rate of 12 
per cent on the foot of the Invoice including the prime 
cost. 

173,-j, March 11. Whereas there was a Resolution made 
in Common Council the 8th day of April in the year 
1730, that the then mayor should execute and Indenture 
to Volkert Douw for a piece of ground in the Verfbergh, 
which is as yet not executed, 

Therefore it is now Resolved that this present mayor 
shall execute the said Indenture for that piece of ground 
above named to the aforesaid Volkert Douw and the con- 
siderations to be mentioned in the said Indenture. 

1732, April 8. A Petion of Abraham Lansingh, Jun. 
being this day presented unto the Common Council, 

It is Resolved that the same sail be taken into concid- 
eration at a more convenient oppertunity. 

This day sold to Jacobus Hilton the lott No. 4, on the 
Plain, bounded on the west by a lott now beloning to 
Richard Hilton^ on the east by the lott No. 5, now be- 
loning to Isaac Fryer, on the south by the high way or 



20 The City Records. 

street, being broad before and behind 28 feet, and in 
length on the east and west sides 98J feet, all English 
measure, for. the sum of 48; one third of which sum is 
to be ready money, one third to be paid on the eight day- 
of April next, which will be in the year 1733, and the 
other third on the eight day of October, which will also 
be in the year 1733, and the mayor is ordered to perfect 
a Deed to the said Jacobus Hilton and execute the same 
in behalf of the Corporation. 

Joh's Seger desires of this Corporation that if in case 
there should be any ground belonging to this city adjoyn- 
ing in the rear of his lott on the east hereafter to be 
sould, that he may have the refusal of it with payment, 
whic hthe Coporation grants accordingly. 

1732, April 18. This Board ordered the city Treasurer 
to pay unto James Stenhouse the sum of nine shillings 
for entring minutes relating a water Engine and writing a 
Letter to Mr. St: Delancey on that head. Also to Klass ' 
Fonda the sum of five shillings for making two buckets 
to the well in the first ward. 

This day published an ordinance to the same purport 
with an ordinance dated the 19th day of May, 1730, re- 
corded in the 1 & 2 folioes of the book of ordinances, 
kep" for that porpose. 

1732, April 28. This day Evert Wendell appeared 
before this Corporation and agreed with them about a 
certain tract of Land lying to the south of the city and 
on the north of the beaver creek in the following manner 
viz: 

That the mayor for the time being, in behalf of the 
Corporation, is to release to the said Wendell, his heirs 
and assigns, all that tract of Land on the north side of 
the beaver creek afores' 1 , begining at the beaver creek 
and running northerly till it takes in one third of that 
tract of land formerly granted to Samuel Babenton, now 
beloning to Evert Wendell, at the same distance from the 
fence of the pasture now beloning to Hendrick Hallen- 
beeck as the place where Samuel Babenton's house used 
to stand is distance from said fence, and so running up 



The City Records. 21 

westerly with a stratc line till it comes opposite to the 
foot of the great fall of the beaver's creek, and then 
southerly till it comes to the foot 'of the fall afores d , 
keeping the same brdth on the west as on the east. 

In concideration of which the said Wendell is to pay 
3 in current money of this province and also to release 
to the mayor, aldermen and commonality, their success- 
ors and assigns the remaining two thirds of that tract of 
Land formerly beloning to Samuel Babenton now be- 
loning the said Evert Wendell as afores (1 , all at the said 
Wendell's charges. 

1732, May 18. The Commonality have this day sold 
the wheat which Bareut Brat, their chamberlain, has re- 
ceived in their behalf for the Rents of the Lands at 
Schaakhook being by computation four hundred and fifty 
Skeples, unto Mr. Tobyas Rykman, at two shillings and 
four pence half penny per Skeple, payable in September 
next. 

1732, June 1. This day sold unto William Waldron a 
spott of ground situate lying and being on the Plain, 
partly bounded on the east side of the lott of the said 
William Waldron, and on the north the Dutch burying 
Place, and on the west side of the lott of Gerrit Van 
Sante, on the south by the.Commons, containing in length 
from the south to the north of the burying place about 
forty foot, and bredth about sixteen foot along the s (I 
burying place, be the same more or less, and on the south 
end thereof about ten foot. 

For which the said Wm. Waldron is to pay eight 
Pounds our currency on or before the first day of June 
one thousand seven hundred thirty and three and to give 
a bond for the same, and that the mayor execute a con- 
veyance to the said Waldron in behalf of the Corporation 
for which he must pay the charges of the writeings and 
the measuring of the same. 

Sold likewise to Gerrit I. Lansingh a lott of Ground 
situate lying and being on the Plain, bounded on the 
west by a lott now in the possession of Wm. Waldron, 
on the east and southe by the highway, on the north by 

[Annals, x.] 3 



22 The City Records. 

a part of the lott of Gerrit Van Sante and partly by a 
spott of ground this day granted to Wm. WaJdron, con- 
taining about sixty foot square, be the same more or 
less, for which the s d Gerrit I. Lansingh is to pay the 
sum of fifty-five Pounds current money of New York, at 
the following payments, (viz 1 ): One third part at the 
executing of a Release, which is to be done by the mayor 
in behalf of the Corporation, and one third more twelve 
months after this date, and the last third part in six 
months from that date, so that the whole must be paid 
within the space of eighteen months from the date hereof, 
and he to pay the charges of the writeings and measureing 
and to give bonds for the two severall sums of money 
last above mentioned. 

Att a Privet meeting held this third day of June, 1732. 
Whereas the worshippfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the city of Albany, convened in Common 
Councill, did on the 18th day of April last ordained, 
ordered & directed by their said Ordinance that all and 
every the Citizens, Freeholders and Inhabitants that live 
in the respective streets, lanes and alleys of this city 
should from and after the publication of said Ordinance, 
or at such time and times and in such maner and form 
and according to such demensions, quantitys and pro- 
portions as should from time to time be unto them re- 
spectively directed and appointed by the mayor, recorder 
or the aldermen of each respective ward (at the charge 
of the Landlord) well and sufficiently pave or cause to 
be paved their and each of their Tenements as by the 
said ordinance was more at large sett forth. And whereas 
severall of the Inhabitants of this city have neglected to 
perform and comply with the clauses therein sett forth 
for the paveing and repairing the said streets, lanes and 
alleys to the great detriment of this city and contrary to 
the tenure and purport of the same. Now it is conclud- 
ed, ordered and directed by the worshipfull Mayor, Re- 
corder, Cornelius Cuyler and Johannis Roseboom Jun'r, 
Esqrs., aldermen, that the severall Inhabitants whose 
names are hereunder mentioned neglecting as aforesaid. 



The City Records. 23 

shall be served with a copy of the following order. For 
the hetter paveing and repairing the said streets, lanes 
and alleys unto them respectively belonging (which fol- 
lows) in hoc verba. 

You are hereby ordered & directed that you and each 
of you do forthwith agreeable to the purport and true 
meaning of our ordinance heretofore published on this 
head, pave or cause to be paved with good and sufficient 
stones, suitable thereto, the street or streets fronting 
your severall dwelling houses and lotts or present houses 
of residence, that is to say : That you, Abraham Wittbeck, 
Harpert Jacobse, Bastiaan Visger, and Elbert Gerritse, 
You and each of you ,do on or before the first day of 
August next pave or cause to be paved before your re- 
spective houses and lotts the bredth thereof to the mid- 
dle of the street with good and sufficient stones with a 
convenient desent for the water to empty itself towards 
the River. And that you Abraham Lansingh, Jun'r, do 
pave in like manner from the east to the west corner of 
your lott to the middle of the street and also to the rear 
of the said lott to the middle of the street opposite to the 
lott of TeunisSlingerlant: And that you Teunis Slinger- 
lant do pave from the south corner of your lott so farr 
as the same extends adjoyning David De Foreest round 
to the west corner in both streets to the middle of the 
same. And you Daniell Huson to pave from the west 
corner of said Teunis Slingerlant's lott till you come oppo- 
site the west corner of Elbert Gerritses lott to the middle 
of the street. And you Geertruy Van Scherluynse, widow, 
to pave from the lott of Elbert Gerritses, westward along 
your lott and houses so farr as the west corner of the 
house where Johannis Wyngaert now lives not less than 
eight foot, all which pavements you and each of you, the 
Persons aforesaid are to compleat and finish as before 
described on or before the afore limitted time, as you 
will answer your contempt to the contrary. Dated in 
Albany the third June, Ao: Do: 1732. 

1732, June 20. This day Abraham Vosburgh brought 
in a Petition to this Corporation in order to purchase a 



24 The City Records. 

lott of Ground belonging to the city within the city limits. 
It is Resolved that it shall be taken into consideration 
at a more convenient opportunity. 

On the eight day of April last Abraham Lansingh Jun. 
presented a Petition to the Comonality, setting forth 
that the Petitioner desired to purchase a small triangle 
very commodious for him adjoining to the north side of 
his lott, in the third ward, upon which Petition it is Re- 
solved to grant unto the Petitioner the small triangle 
afores 1 , adjoining to his lott. The perpendicular of 
which as it fall upon the base about forty-two feet from 
the front of s d lott beginning at the north east corner is 
in length one foot and eight inches, and so running from 
the top or north end of the perpendicular to the north 
west corner of his lott to a Punct. For which he is to 
pay into the Commonality for the use of the city the sum 
of one Pound ten shillings current money of the Colony 
of New York. Ordered that the mayor for the time be- 
ing do execute a Deed in behalf of the Corporation, the 
Petitioner paying charges of writing. 

On the 22d day of February last past, Philip Hansen 
presented a Petition to the Comonality setting forth 
that the Petitioner humbly prayed to purchase a lott of 
ground belonging to the city, lying in the Foxes creek. 
Upon which Petition it is Resolved that the said Hansen 
should have live Rodds in length North and South and 
five Rod in bredth East and West, all Ryland measure, 
Bounded on the East by a lott of Rutgert Bleecker, on 
the north along the foxes Creek, on the south by the 
Commons and on the west by the Commons for the sum 
of seven pounds current money of New York, payable 
pmo May next: he paying charges of writing. Resolved 
that the mayor for the time being shall (and who is im- 
powered hereby to) execute a Deed in behalf of the Cor- 
poration. 

1732, August 12. The following letter was sent to his 
Excellency: 

We the Mayor, Recorder and Commonality of the city 
of Albany haveing heard of your Excellencyes safe arri- 



The City Records. 25 

veil do with the greatest alacrity congratulate the same, 
and hope that your Ex'ly may be received in the Publick 
Station in which his sacred Majestie has been pleased to 
place you as Chief of this Government with tranquility 
and unanimity, which we hope may be attended with 
health and happiness is the sincere wishes of who are 
with a perfect Difference due Regard and Esteem, 
Your Ex'ly most Obedient humble 
Servants. Was signed as above. 

1732, August 16. Sould untoPetrus Douw the use of 
half of the Creek by which his lott in the first ward is 
bound nigh the Dutch church, for him, his heirs and 
assigns for ever, that isto say not lower than six foot 
above low water mark to build upon, but to leave a free 
passage for the course of the water and nor to stop up 
the same, in consideration of which he is to pay the sum 
of two pounds current money of the Colony of New York. 

Albany, the 25th Aug' 1732. 
May it please your Ex'ly, 

We think it our duty to acquaint your Ex'ly of a 
Surprizeing accident that happend in his Majesty's Fort 
here on Tuesday the 22d Instant, between the hours of 
Eight and nine of the Clock at night. That by a Train 
of Powder or some other Villainous means some of the 
Bumbs and a great many of the Granados in the Store, 
were sett fire to which went off in such a Sudden and 
Surprizeing manner that put this city in a great Con- 
sternation for that Time; but upon Immediate Enquiry 
into this affair by us, the Mayor, Recorder and Alder- 
men of this city; It appeared that a Negro man belonging 
to Captin Henry Holland was found Lying close to the 
Powder house (when this accident happened) Very much 
burnt in his face and other Parts of his body, and who is 
strongly supposed to have committed the aforesaid Vil- 
lainy, we have strictly Examined into this affair but 
there is as yet no Positive proof against the Negro; the 
little Hutt called the Magazine was consumed with what 
Powder there was in it by this Villainous Action. 



26 The City Records. 

Sir: We Live here in a Country where we are Daily 
in Dread of our Neighbouring Enemies the French at 
Canada and what is worse are in no posture of Defence 
either in city or county to receive them in case they at- 
tacked us, and while his Majesty ever since the first 
Establishment of his Subjects here has been Gratiously 
pleased to give us such a number of Soldiers under pay 
as he in his great wisdom thought sufficient for the better 
Preservation of our lives and Fortunes, and it is too ap- 
parently known that upon Inspection into the Garrison 
it will seldom be found that there is above twenty or five 
and twenty men and sometimes not so many and those 
Invalid old men fitt rather to be put in an Hospitall then 
to Mount a Guard while the lusty young men are tolerated 
to work abroad in the Country, which we think is not only 
an abuse done to his Majesties most Gracious Intentions 
but a hardship on us and the rest of his Subjects here. 

We must allow that Captain Holland has been an 
officer sufficiently qualified to Command this Garrison 
till within these few last years he (by the Providence of 
Almighty God), is renderd incapable to Command the 
same, and it is with much concern for the Publick Good 
as well as for him that we are obliged to express it. 
Who are, may it Please your Ex'ly, 

with much Esteem and respect 
Your Ex'ly most ob't & most humble Serv'ts. 
Was signed by the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen 
alone. 

1732, Sept. 2. This day the Comonalityhaveing agreed 
with Johannis Seger for the sum of fifteen shillings per 
month to attend the Constable's watch, y l is to say, to 
make fire every night in the Evening before the said 
watch begins and to cutt through all the wood and keep 
clean the places appointed to watch and also to warn 
the People to come and watch. 

1732, Sept. 12. Whereas by a Resolution of Common 
Councill made the 14th October 1731, it was then upon 
request of Mr. Abraham Cuyler granted and agreed that 
the said Abraham Cuyler should have four morgan of 



The City Records. 27 

low land lying and being in the Mohawks country agree- 
able to said Cuyler's application, for which he was to 
pay the sum of two Pounds current money of the Colony 
of New York as likewise an acknowledgement to this 
city of two Skeple of merchantable good winter Wheat 
yearly and every year for ever, to commence a year after 
the improvement of the same, for which land aforesaid 
the then mayor of this city should execute in behalf of 
the city a release of the same to the said Abraham Cuy- 
ler upon executing of which the said Cuyler was to pay 
the aforesaid consideration of two Pounds. Now it is 
further Resolved by this board that the afores d Resolu- 
tion shall remain arid abide in such force and value to all 
intents and purposes whatsoever as the same was then 
enterd on the records, and that Hans Hansen, Esqr., 
present mayor of this city, shall execute a Deed of re- 
lease of the afores d land to the said Abraham Cuyler in 
behalf of the Commonality, the said Cuyler upon receipt 
thereof paying the afores d sum of two Pounds current 
money aforesaid and the charges accruing on said writ- 
ings, all ways to be understood that in case the said Cuy- 
ler or his assigns be at any time hereafter hinderd in 
their improvement of the aforesaid land by any warr 
which may interpose between us and the French, then 
for such time no acknowledgem 1 to be paid for the same. 

1732, Sept. 26. This day a Petition of John Burton 
was offered to the worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Alder- 
men and Commonality, which Petition it is Resolved 
shall be taken into further consideration at their next 
meeting. 

Isaac Fryer, Jan Van Alstyne. Gerrit Bratt and Jacobus 
Radliff this day petitioned in behalf of themselves and 
their neighbours to have liberty to digg a well neer their 
dwelling places and that the Commonality would contri- 
bute some money towards the same, which priviledge 
was allowed them as also ten pounds in money if they 
finished said well this fall. 

This day an advertizement was sett up desiring all 
persons that have any just demands from the Common- 



28 The City Records. 

ality to bring in their accounts to Barent Bratt, their 
chamberlain, between this and the 7th of October next, 
which after being examined and found right shall be sat- 
isfied accordingly. 

1732, Sept. 29. In persuance of the directions of the 
Charter of the city of Albany two aldermen, two assist- 
ants and one constable being chosen this day in each 
respective ward of s d city by plurality of voths by the 
inhabitants of each respective ward who have rite to 
chuse, and return being made who are as follows: 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

First Ward. 

Ryer Gerritse, Joh's Ostrande, 

Edward Holland. Matt's Flensburgh. 

Robert Lansingh, Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Cornelius Cuyler, David Groesbeek, 

Joh's E, Wendell. Gulyn Verplanck. 

Dirrick De Garmoy, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Isaac Fonda, Ahasueros Roseboom, 

Gose Van Schayck. Joh's Van Den Bergh. 

Dowe Isa: Fonda, Constable. 

Barent Bratt chosen and appointed Citty Chamberlain 
or Treasurer for the year ensueing. 

Jacob C. Ten Eyck appointed high Constable for the 
iusueing year. 

173?, Oct. 14. This day Ryer Gerritse, Edward Hol- 
land, Isaac Fonda and Johannis E. Wendell did take the 
oaths appointed by law to be taken instead of the oaths 
of suppremacy and allegiance and did sign the test, then 
were sworn as aldermen for the year ensueing. Johannis 
Ostrande, Matthews Flansburgh, Ahasuerus Roseboom 
and Johannis Van Denbergh did take the oaths appointed 
by law, and were sworn as assistants for the ensueing 
year. Robert Lansingh did take the oaths appointed by 
law and was sworn as constable for the year ensueing. 

Gose Van Schayck did take the oaths appointed by 



The City Records. 29 

law to be taken in stead of the oaths of supremacy and 
allegiance and did sign the Test as also the oath as 
alderman for the ensueing year on the 16th of October, 
1732. 

1732, Oct. 23. The Commission of William Cosby, 
Esq. &c. appointing John De Peyster, Esq. mayor, clerk 
of the market and coroner in and for this city and county 
was produced and read at this meeting and said John De 
Peyster took and subscribed the oaths of allegiance &c. 
as'likewise the oath qualifying him in his office of mayor 
&c. aforesaid. 

John Lindsey Esq. produced his Ex'ly Wm. Cosby, Esq. 
etc. his Commission appointing him thereby High Sheriff 
of this city and county, which said Commission was read, 
but while said Lindsey produced a certificate from his 
said Ex'ly in Councill that he took and subscribed the 
oaths of allegiance &c. at New York the 19th instant, as 
likewise the oath qualifying him for said office, yet the 
Charter of this city requiring that the sheriff appointed 
shall take the oath of his office here, the said John Lind- 
sey took and swore the same at this meeting. 

1732, December 2. This board do appoint Gerrit 
Van Benthuysen and Isaac States to execute the office of 
Fire masters for the first ward of this city, Hendrick van 
Deusen and Gerrit Marcelis for the second ward, Johan- 
nis A. Cuyler and Harme van Veghten for the third 
ward. It is ordered that warrents shall be issued out for 
the Fire masters of each particular ward. Dowe J. 
Fonda was sworn as constable for this city for the year 
ensueing. The following ordinances were published: An 
ordinance for the observation of the Lord's Day, as the 
same is recorded verbatim in the Book of ordinances 
pages 11 and 12. An ordinance for establishing and 
better ordering the night watches in the city of Albany. 
An ordinance for tavern keepers. An ordinance for the 
better preventing of fire. An ordinance for the .regulat- 
ing of the officers. An ordinance about rideing. 

Gullyn Ver Planck was sworn as assistant for the 
second ward. 



30 The City Records. 

1732, Dec. 4. This day a list was made according to 
an ordinance published on the 2d instant, entitled an 
ordinance for establishing and better ordering the night 
watches in the city of Albany. 

1732, Dec. 26. Whereas Jacob C l Ten Eyck was on 
the 29th of September last appointed high constable of 
this city, since which his Excellency has been gratiously 
pleased to appoint him one of his majesties Justices of 
the Peace by which commission he is not obliged to serve 
as high constable, this board doth therefore appoint 
Dirck De Garmoy one of the .petty constables in the 2d 
ward of this city to be high constable in the place of the 
said Jabob C l Ten Eyck, and the inhabitants of s ! ward 
are hereby ordered and required to chuse a petty con- 
stable in the room of the s d Dirck De Garmoy on the 
27th of this instant, December, and that return thereof 
be made accordingly. Mr. Richard Williams was voted 
by this board to be a freeman of this city and the mayor 
required to give his license accordingly. Johannis Wyn- 
gaert delivered in his account for wood for the watch 
amounting to thirty-four shillings and ten pence half 
penny. Gerrit Van Benthuysen delivered in his account 
for ditto amounting to ten shillings, which were allowed 
and ordered that the Treasurer pay the same. The 
Treasurer is likewise ordered to pay unto Johannis Se- 
ger thirty shillings in part of his Salery. 

173J, January 4. Johannis Knickerbacker desired of 
this board that he might have the priveledge of the land 
that belongs to this city which is bounded by the west of 
his land of the same breadth as his land is, and so run- 
ning westerly to the bridge or top of the hill for himself, 
his heirs and assigns, which was granted him on condi- 
tion that he or they do pay yearly or every year for ever 
one skiple of good merchantable winter wheat to this 
city which is to begin in January or February 1735. 
Resolved that the mayor for the time being shall execute 
a Lease for the time being in behalf of the Corporation. 

173J, March 10. Ordered by this board that an order 
be issued to Barent Bratt, chamberlain, that he pay unto 



The City Records. 31 

Johannis Seger, Andries Bratt and Jacobus Redliff, late 
bellmen of this city, appointed by Common Councill for 
one year to commence the 16th October 1731 and end 
the 16th October 1732, to each and every of them the 
sum of eleven pounds seven shillings and six pence for 
said service, including candles furnished by them and 
their receipts shall be said Barent Bratt's sufficient dis- 
charge. Ordered likewise that said Barent Bratt pay 
unto Matthew Flensburgh the sum of one pound sixteen 
shillings for work done on the Goal and one of the Block 
houses of this city &c. as per his account. 

Ordered that the mayor sign the aforesaid order in 
behalf of the Commonality. 

Jonathan Brooks and Lambert Redliff preferred a Pe- 
tition to this baard praying to purchase some vacant 
ground belonging to this city lying on the west side of the 
brick yard now in the tenure of Luycas Hooghkirck. 
Resolved therefore that the same be taken in considera- 
tion at our next meeting. 

This day published an ordinance prohibiting the range- 
ing of hoggs. Ordered that the same be recorded in the 
book of ordinances. 

173^, March 13. This day Johannis Ouderkerck 
made application to this board to have free liberty to 
build a saw mill on a fall of a creek that divides Saragh- 
togue from Schachook, comonly called by the name of 
Lewises creek about a mile from Hudson's river and four 
morgan of land near said mill for the use of the same, as 
also liberty to cutt loggs and timber in the bounds of 
Schachook and the lands belonging to this city for the 
use of the said mill, which was granted him for the term 
and upon the conditions hereafter mentioned, that is to 
say, that the said Ouderkerck is to use, occupy and en- 
joy the said creek and premises above mentioned as long 
as he, his heirs or assigns encline to make use of the 
same or deliver the possession of the mill and premises 
(except the iron work belonging to the said mill) to this 
Corporation for the time being, he, his heirs or assigns 
paying yearly and every year dureiug the said time that 



32 The City Records. 

he uses the same or delivers up the possession as afore- 
said, the first payment beginning on the first day of 
May which will be in the year of our Lord 1735, the 
sum of live pounds current money of the Colony of New- 
York to the treasurer of this city for the use of the same, 
provided he does not cutt nor saw more than 300 loggs 
yearly and every in said bounds, that is one year with 
another. Likewise if at any time hereafter there should 
happen a war to break out with our neighbors the Frence 
or Indians so that said Ouderkerck should be molested 
in his possession of the premises, then dureingsuch war 
and molestation the said Ouderkerck shall pay no ac- 
knowledgement for the same. 

Likewise sold to the said Johannis Ouderkerck two 
morgan of land lying and being at Schachook on the north 
side of Schachook creek on both sides of a small creek 
that comes from Hudson's river and runs in said Schac- 
hook creek about one thousand yards south of his house, he 
paying thirty shillings for the same, and yearly and every 
year for ever two skiple good merchantable winter wheat 
to this city for the quit of the same, commencing in the 
months of January or February in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred thirty four and five. Re- 
solved that the mayor for the time being shall execute a 
deed for the same in behalf of the Corporation. 

1733, March 17. Ordered by this board that Barent 
Bratt who was appointed chamberlain or treasurer of 
this city on the 29th September last shall enter into 
bonds with good security for the due performance of said 
office (and take the oaths to qualify him for the same). 
The condition of which bond shall be as follows: 

Whereas the above bounden Barent Bratt was ap- 
pointed and elected into the office and place of chamberlain 
or Treasurer of the city of Albany lor the year ensuing, 
Now the condition of this obligation is such, that if the 
said Barent Bratt shall and do well, faithfully and truly 
perform and execute and do all things whatsoever which 
any ways touch or concern his said office, and well and 
faithfully in all things behave himself in the execution of 



The City Records. 33 

said office of chamberlain or treasurer of the said city of 
Albany, and shall in due order and method in proper 
books for that purpose, keep a true, exact and just ac- 
count of the several branches of the revenue, rents and 
incomes of the said Corporation, and in the like orderly 
manner discharge the same by due and orderly payments, 
and also shall and do every three months, or oftner (if it 
shall be thereunto requested) render to the said mayor, 
aldermen and commonality, their successors and assigns, 
a true and just account of all his receipts and payments, 
regularly stated in such proper books for that purpose, 
and shall and do observe all such orders, rules and direc- 
tions in the making of his payments as he from time to 
time shall receive from the Common Council of the said 
city. And also if the said Barent Bratt, his executors 
and administrators shall and do within the space and 
time of fourteen days next after the determination or end 
of his said office as Chamberlain or Treasurer as afore- 
said be it by death of the said Barent Bratt or otherwise, 
well and truly render a true and just account, fairly 
entered in books for that purpose as aforesaid, of all his 
receipts and payments, unto the said mayor, aldermen 
and commonality of the said city, their successors and 
assigns, and well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto 
the said mayor, aldermen and commonality of the said 
city their successors and assigns, all such sum and sums 
of money as shall be then in his or their hands, or which 
he or they shall, upon such accompt be found to be in 
arrear, and also shall and do, upon a sufficient discharge 
in law, to him to be given by the said mayor, aldermen 
and commonality, and their successors, within the time 
aforesaid, well and truly surrender and deliver up to the 
said mayor, aldermen and commonality, their successors 
and assigns, all and singular the books of accompts be- 
longing to the said office, with all warrants, vouchers 
and memorandums belonging to the same, and also all 
and singular bills, bonds, specialties, leases, grants, 
deeds, charters, letters pattent, and all other papers and 
[Annals, x.] 4 



34 The City Records. 

writings whatsoever in anywise belonging to the said 
Corporation, without any concealment, imbezelment or 
fraud, that then this obligation to be void, otherwise to 
be and remain in full force and virtue. 

This day was published a law, entitled a law for regu- 
lating and establishing fees for the inviters to funerals, 
which was ordered to be entered in the book of ordi- 
nances. 

This day granted unto Lambert Radley and Jonathan 
Broecks one acre of ground upon the gallows hill lying 
near a small run of water to the north of the road for 
the term of twenty years, provided they or either of them 
pay or cause to be paid to this Corporation the sum of 
twenty shillings yearly, the first payment to be made the 
first day of May, 1734, together with the previledge of 
the creek or run afores* 3 , with the clay in or near the 
same fitt to make brick to the west of Luykas Hoghkerks 
brick kill; and if in case there should a war happen to 
break out dureing said term of years so that they should 
be molested in the possession of the same, then dureing 
such time of hinderance or molestation they shall pay 
no acknowledgement for the same. Resolved that the 
mayor for the time being shall execute a lease for the 
same in behalf of the Corporation. 

1733, May 5. This day published an ordinance enti- 
tled a law for marking of bread and one entitled a law 
for paving the streets, lanes and alleys within ihe city of 
Albany, both recorded in the book of ordinances folios 
24 and 25, The Treasurer was ordered to deliver unto 
Jacobus Hilton his Bond, he paying the Principle. 

1733, May 26. This day granted and sould.unto Jo- 
hannis Groesbeek one acre of ground scituate, lying and 
being at Schaahkook in the county of Albany, of the land 
belonging to this city, over the road opposite to the house 
of the s d Joh's Groesbeek where now his barn stands, 
bounded on the north by the ridge of the hill, on the west 
by the s d road, on the south by the land now belonging 
to Joh's and Adriaan Quackenbos Junr. sons of Adriaan 
Quackenbos, and easterly so far 'till it takes in one acre 



The City Records. 35 

of ground, for which he is to pay the sum of fifty shil- 
lings, and one shilling yearly and every year forever to 
the Treasurer of this city for the use of this corporation, 
and he is to pay for the writings according to agreement. 
Resolved that the mayor for the time being shall execute 
an Indenture for the same in behalf of the Corporation. 

1733, June 4. It is Resolved in Common Council that 
if any of the members of the said Council being legally 
warned to appear in council, and do not come within half 
an hour after ringing of the bell to conveen without a 
reasonable excuse that he or they so omitting or delay- 
ing to come within half an hour as afores d , shall forfiet 
for each omission or delay the sum of one shilling for the 
use of the s d Board to be recovered before the major part 
of the than Board when such omission or delay is made. 

Whereas on the day of last past an ordinance 

was made for a Watch to be kept for the safety of this 
city, w l a List of the persons who were to watch, and a 
Power reserved to make such alterations from time to 
time in said List as the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Comon Council should think fitt, which abovementioned 
List the said Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Comon 
Council have now altered, by which alteration now made 
the Watch shall be kept till this Board think fitt to alter 
it again. 

1733, June 11. Whereas the Mayor, Recorder and 
Aldermen, or the major part of them, did on the 16th 
day of October 1732 agree with Harpert Jacobse Van 
Deusen of this city for a certain lott of ground within 
the limitts of the s d city on the west side of the highway 
that leads from the said city to Water ffleet, is bounded 
on the north by a lott of ground now in the occupation 
of the widow of Jan Gerritse, deceased, on the west by 
the woods, on the south by the lott of Wilhelmus Vanden 
Bergh, is broad on the front or east end by the said high 
way that leads to Water ffleet, one and a half rodd, arid 
behind to the west by the woods three rodds two foot and 
three inches, and in the midst of said lott two rodd nine 
foot and nine inches, and in length on the south side 



36 The City Records. 

and north side forty-four rodd all Rynland measure, 
Which said lott of ground pursuant to the agreement 
afores d the said Harpert Jacobse Vandeusen did on the 
ninth day of the instant month of June convey by deed 
under his hand and seal to the mayor, aldermen and 
commonality their successors and assigns for ever lor 
the consideration of the sum of thirty-four pounds. 

Whereupon this Board issued out their warrant to 
Barent Bratt, treasurer, for the payment of said sum of 
34. And at the same time ordered their s (I Treasurer 
to deliver to Tobias Ryckman one hund (l skipple of wheat 
and take his note for the same payable 15 Sept'r next, 
at 3s. per skipple, 15. 

Gysbert Roseboom d 1 unfo this Board per Petition 
setting forth that he was iriclineable to purchase a lott 
of ground behind the city fence of about thirty foot in 
breadth, and in length to run to the edge of the hill lying 
on the north side of Schcnectady highway, and to the 
west of the said fence. 

Resolved to take this Petition into consideration. 

1733, Sept. 6. Resolved by this Board to make an 
Address to his Ex'cy William Cosby, Esqr. &c. which is 
as follows: 

To his Excellency William Cosby Esqr. Cap f General 
and Gov'r in Chief of the provinces of New York, 
Newjersey and Territories thereon depending, in 
America and Vice Admiral of the same, and Collo. 
in his Majesties Army, &c., The humble Address of 
the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Commonalty of 
the city of Albany: 
May it please your Excellency, 

We his Majesties duteful Subjects, the Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Comonalty of the city of Albany, do with 
great Joy humbly take leave to congratulate your Excel- 
lency on your safe arrival in this part of your Govern- 
ment and heartily wish your Excellency may meet with 
success and satisfaction in the ensuing Treaty with the 
Six Nations of Indians, Subjects to the King of Great 
Britain 



The City Records. 37 

As we are seated on the frontiers of this Province and 
have very dangerous neighbors to the northward (the 
french of Canada) who have made encroachments on us 
by posting a Garrison at the Crown point on the south 
end of Corlaers Lake which we conceive will be of very 
dangerous consequence, in case of a Rupture between the 
Crown of Great Britain and that of france. Wherefore 
we humbly beg leave to mention to your Excellency the 
present ruinous and defenceless condition of his Maje'es 
ffort here, tho' shall desist to enlarge on the particulars 
since your Ex'cy has been pleased to view the same, and 
thereby can better judge than we are able to inform. 

We therefore humbly flesire your Ex'cy will be pleased 
to lay the deplorable and defenceless condition of these 
fronteers before the Gen'll Assembly of this province at 
their next meeting to recomend it to their care and con- 
sideration that provision may be made for building a new 
ffort here in such manner as your Excellency, the Coun- 
cil and Gen'll Assembly shall judge most convenient for 
the defence of his Majesties frontier. 

We are may it please your Ex'cy, with much esteem 
and respect, your Ex'cys most ob't humble ser'ts. 

The following order was directed to Bar 1 Bratt, treas- 
urer, by order of this Board: 

Sir: please pay to Mr. Jacob Stenhouse or order ten 
shillings and this shall be your warrant. 

1733, Sept. 13. This day Johannis Knickerbacker 
appeared before this board and acquainted the Corpora- 
tion that he intended to lett ten morgans of the land he 
has on lease from this city for the space of years and 
pursuant to the Covenant contained in his Lease gave 
the first refusal to this board which they are not inclined 
to accept of. 

1733, Sept. 29. In pursuance to the directions of the 
Charter of the city of Albany, two aldermen, two 
assistants, and one constable were this dav chosen for 
each ward by plurality of Voices of the inhabitants of 
the respective wards who had right to vote and are re- 
turned as follows, viz: 



38 The City Records. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

First Ward. 

Ryer Gerritse, Johan's V. Ostrande. 

Hendrick Roster. Matthews Flensburgh. 

William Hilton, Jun., Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Cornells Cuyler, David Groesbeeck, 

Johan's E. Wendell. Guilleyn Verplank. 

Peter Marshall, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Goose V. Schaick, Ahasveris Roseboom, 

Isaac ffonda. Johan's v den Bergh. 

Johan's Hansen, Jun., Constable. 

Barent Bratt was chosen and appointed city chamber- 
lain or treasurer for the ensuing year. 

Ordered by this Board that the said Barent Bratt enter 
into bond of two thousand pound with sufficient security 
to this Corporation for the due performance of his office. 

Douwe Isaacse ffonda was appointed high Constable 
for the ensuing year. 

1733, Oct. 6. The humble Petition of the Minister, 
Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Dutch Church of 
the city of Albany was presented to this Board and is as 
follows, viz: 

To the worshipful the Mayor, Aldermen and Comon- 
alty of the city of Albany. 

The humble Petition of the Minister, Elders and Dea- 
cons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in Albany 
sheweth, That the predecessors of your worships Peti- 
tioners continually for many years now last past have 
been as your Petitioners now are quietly seized and pos- 
sessed of their church and ground thereto belonging in 
the s d city of Albany, and also of all that certain parcel 
of land comonly called and known by the name of the 
Pasture, sckuate, lying and being to the southward of 
the city of Albany, within the limitts thereof, being lim- 
itted, butted and bounded as in the church charter or 
Letters patent thereof, dated the tenth day of August 
Annoq. Domini one thousand seven hundred and twenty 



The City Records. 39 

is and are particularly mentioned, expressed and de- 
scribed, and also of the old high way from the end of the 
pasture called Schermerhoorn's pasture, and of the Bea- 
rers Kill, together with the land thereunto belonging 
and appertaining, scituate, lying and being to the south- 
ward of the s d city of Albany, being limitted, butted and 
bounded as by certain deed from your worships prede- 
cessors, dated the twelfth day of December Anno Domini 
one thousand six hundred ninety and nine is particularly 
mentioned, expressed and described, and your Petitioners 
being by the above mentioned charter or letters patent 
made and created one body corporate and politick in fact 
and name, do therefore 'humbly pray that your worships 
will be pleased for the more assurance in the law of the 
premises to conform unto your Petitioners and their 
successors and assigns for ever the before mentioned and 
rented lands and premises according to the tenor, pur- 
port and true intent of the s d charter and also to grant 
unto your Petitioners all that certain parcel of ground 
or burying place which for many years past and now is 
in the possession of your Petitioners, lying and being on 
the south east part of the city, containing length on the 
east side twelve rod, on the west side twelve rod nine 
and a half foot, and in breadth on the north by the street 
nine rod and nine and a half foot, and on the south ten 
rod and two foot all Rynland measure, and your Wor- 
ships Pet'rs as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 

Albany, the 6th day of Oct. 1733. 

Signed PETR: VAN DRIESSEN. 

No : Sine deu. 
In behalf of the Petitioners. 

This Board having read and considered of said Peti- 
tion think it reasonable for divers good causes and con- 
siderations as also for the sum of five shillings to grant 
the Petitioners' prayer. 

Resolved that the mayor for the time being in behalf of 
the mayor, aldermen and comonalty do execute such 
deeds or writings as may be sufficient to grant and con- 
firm unto the Petitioners, their successors and assigns 



40 The City Records. 

forever, what in the above petition is prayed for and 
to cause the seal of the city to be thereunto affixed. 

Ordered that Barent Bratt, the treasurer, shall deduct 
from Joh's Seger's two bonds, each conditioned for the 
payment of 10, what is this day allowed him and take 
his note for the remainder. 

1733, Oct. 12. Mr. Anthony S. Van Schaick appeared 
before this board and desired he might have released 
unto him a small piece of ground upon the north east 
corner of his lott containing four foot by s d north east 
corner and so running along the lane till it comes to no- 
thing by the north west corner of s d lott. 

Which this board having taken into consideration, Re- 
solved to release the same unto him for the consideration 
of thirty shillings to be p d to the Corporation and like- 
wise to pay for the writing, and that the mayor in behalf 
of the comonalty may execute s d deed and cause the city 
seal to be thereunto affixed. 

Resolved that Peter and Johannis Quackenboss shall 
have the use of the fifteen foot of ground which they sold 
to the city, they keeping it in fence before and behind, 
during the will and pleasure of the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty. 

Whereas Abraham Vosburgh had made application to 
the Comonalty on the seventh day of October, 1732 for a 
piece of ground lying on the Gallows hill as in the minute 
of that day described, but is now desirous to have it en- 
larged to the breadth of forty foot Rynland measure. 

Resolved by this board to release unto s d Abraham 
Vosburgh a piece of ground lying upon the same course 
as Mr. Babington's house formerly stood, to the west- 
ward of where Hendrick Hallenbeeck flow lives, con- 
taining in length east and west twelve rodd, and in 
breadth south and north forty foot Rynland measure. 

In consideration whereof s d Vosburgh is to give bond 
payable to the mayor, aldermen and commonalty or their 
successors on the first day of September next ensuing for 
three pounds. And that the mayor in behalf of the com- 
onalty shall indent w l said Abraham Vosburgh for s d 



The City Records. 41 

piece of ground and cause the city seal to be thereunto 
affixed, in which indenture s d Vosburgh is to covenant 
and agree to pay to s d mayor, aldermen and comonalty, 
or their successors twenty shillings yearly, the first pay- 
ment to begin on the said first day of September 1734. 
The said Vosburgh to pay for writing. 

Resolved that the street running from the east side of 
Leendert Gansevoort's lott and stretching to the east 
side of the ground belonging to the City Hall, shall be 
from henceforth three rodd and a half Rynland measure 
in breadth. 

1733, Oct. 24. Edward Holland, Esq. produced a 
comission under the broad seal of the Province of New 
York for mayor of this city, clerk of the market and 
coroner of the city and county for the year ensuing, dated 
the 15th day of October, and was sworn to the execution 
of said offices. 

1733, Nov. 5. Resolved by this board to publish the 
following ordinances, vide Book of Ordinances, fol. 11, 
18 and 19, to witt: 

For preventing noise and disturbance on the Lord's 
Day in time of divine service and preaching. 

To prevent negroes going armed w l guns, swords, 
clubs, &c. 

To oblige the constables of this city to go round the 
streets, lanes, &c. of this city, by turns on the Lord's 
Day to see the laws in this ordinance be duly observed. 

To prevent Negroes or Ind'n slaves to appear in the 
streets after eight at night w'out a Lanthorn and lighted 
candle in it. 

For establishing and better ordering the night watches. 

For tavern keeper to take lycences. 

For better preventing of fire. 

The following persons were appointed fire masters or 
viewers of chimneys, viz: 

First Ward Teunis Vischer and Jelles D. Garmoy. 

Second Ward Gerrit Roseboom, Jun. and Jacob Ten 
Eyck. 

Third Ward Robert Roseboom and Gerrit C. Van 
denbergh. 



42 The City Records. 

1733, November 10. Resolved by this Board that the 
Mayor shall supply John Sullivan, a prisoner in this gaol 
with a coarse Shirt, Jacket, Breeches, Stockens, Shoes 
and Cap. 

This day published an ordinance for regulating the 
watch. The fire masters got their warrants. 

A new list of the watches was made, making thirty- 
three in all, nine persons on each watch, the officer in- 
cluded. 

1733, Nov. 15. John Lindsay, Esq. was sworn into 
office of high sheriff. 

It is Resolved in Comon Council that if any of the 
members of the said Comon Council being legally warned 
to appear in council, and do not come within an hour 
after ringing of the Bell to conveen \v l out a reasonable 
excuse to the contrary, that he or they so omitting or 
delay to come within an hour as aforesaid, shall forfiet 
for each omission or delay the sum of one shilling for the 
use of the said board, to be recovered before the major 
part of the then board when such omission or delay is 
made. 

Ordered by this board that the treasurer of this city 

call in the money due from the following persons or give 

them notice that they will be sued for the same, viz: 

Jochim Bratt, - - - ,23:0:0 

Ryckart Hansen, - - - 25:6:9 

Arent V. Dyck, - - 40:0:0 

Evert Wendell, - - - 3:0:0 

Luykas Hooghkerk, ... 1:2:6 

William Waldron, - - - 8:0:0 

Johannis G. Lansingh, - 15:7:4 

115:16:7 

1733, Nov. 24. Ordered by this board that Jeremy 
Van Rensselaer, Esq. and Capt. William Deck be pre- 
sented with their Freedoms of this city, and that the 
Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen wait upon them with the 
same to desire their acceptance thereof. 

1733, December 18. Ordered by this board that a 



The City Records. 43 

warrant be drawn on Bar 1 Bratt, Treasurer, to pay to 
Ryckart Hilton an Jan Van Alstyneach the sum of forty 
pounds, out of which is to be deducted what said Ryckart 
Hilton owes to the city and his bond given up. And 
that the treasurer take an obligation of Jan Van Alstyn 
for ten pounds conditioned to put a good and sufficient 
roof on the block house by Sarties Killetienear the river 
side by first of May next or forfiet said sum of ten pounds. 
Also to pay to Johannis & Jacobus Radliff each the sum 
of six pounds ten shillings for removing a Block house 
to the Gallows Hill and take all their receipts in full. 

This day published an ordinance relating to the riding 
with Sledges, Carts or Waggons through the streets of 
this city. 

173J, February 9. Ordered by this Board that the 
Boundaries of Schaahtakook be laid out with all conven- 
ient speed. Pursuant to said order and by the directions 
of'Comon Council a Letter was writt and sent to Nicholas 
Schuvler to come in and agree with the Corporation to 
run the Lines of said Boundaries. 

The City Treasurer was this day order'd to prosecute 
Gysbert Brakell Jun'r, upon his bond if he do not pay the 
same w in eight days. 

It is likewise ordered by this Board that the great Guns 
be carried to the several Blockhouses in this city as the 
same shall be directed by the field officers of the militia. 

173J, Feb. 15. This Board have agreed with Richard 
Williams to run the lines of the boundaries of the lands 
belonging to this city lying at Schaahkook for which they 
are to pay him eight pounds, he being to deliver to the 
Comon Council a draught of the same. 

Resolved by this Board .that the Mayor, Mr. Van 
Schaick, alderman and Johannis van Ostrande, assistant, 
go along with the surveyor, each to have six shillings 
per diem and reasonable charges paid them. 

Johannis Evertse Wendell Esq., alderman, Guilleyn 
Verplanck and David Groesbeeck, assistants, undertake 
to carry the seven great Guns to the Block houses for 
which this board allow them fourteen shillings to be paid 
them by the Treasurer. 



44 The City Records. 

Order'd that a warrant be drawn on the Treasurer in 
favour of Nicholas Schnyler Esq. for twenty shillings. 

173f, March 9. Resolved by this board to sue the 
following persons if they do not pay what they are in- 
debted to the Corporation in eight days time, viz: John 
Eaton, Jacobus Hilton, Jonathan Brooks, Andries Bratt, 
Teunis Egbertse. These five were all sent for and told 
of the above resolution. Volkert Douwe, Jochim Bratt. 
These two were acquainted of the above resolution by 
letter. 

This board taking into their charitable consideration 
the poor circumstances of the widow arid children of Jan 
Winne, deceased, have given up a bond executed by said 
Winne to the Mayor, Sec. conditioned for the payment of 
eleven pounds in consideration whereof Guilleyn Ver- 
planck has pass'd his Note payable in three Months for 
five pound ten shillings which is accepted off in full of 
s d Bond and Interest due thereon. This Corporation 
taking into their charitable consideration the poor cir- 
cumstances of John Stewart, allow him four shillings and 
sixpence a week for six weeks, and order their treasurer 
to pay the same. 

Put up by order an Advertisem 1 acquainting all per- 
sons that the Key of the house where the Water Engine 
stands is lodged with Mr. Henry Cuyler. 

Advertised all persons who have any claim upon the 
Ground lying along the water side from behind the lott 
of Mr. Henry Holland to behind the lott of Isaac Grave- 
raat, to show their Titles to the Mayor. The Corporation 
intending to give out the vacant ground to be docked. 

173|, March 23. Resolved by this board to employ 
Mr. Rich d Williams, attorney at law, to sue Gysbert Van 
Brakel Jun'r, Volkert Douw and Jochim Bradt, in name 
of this Corporation upon their bonds. This board orders 
the Treasurer to pay Wm. Shaw nine shillings for an 
acco 1 due to them. This day published three ordinances, 
viz: 1, Regulating the fees of inviters to funerals. I, 
Ditto of the Carmen. 1 for cleaning the streets. 



The City Records. 45 

1734, March 30. Sold this day to Petrus Douwe a 
certain piece or slipp of ground, beginning two foot 
and four inches from the north-east corner of his lott 
lying next to the lott of Johannis van Alen and running 
with a streight line to the south-east corner of the s d lott, 
which said two foot and four inches makes it range on 
the north side with the house of the said Johannis v Alen. 
In consideration whereof the said Petrus Douwe is to 
pay thirty shillings. 

1734, April 12. Mattys Flensburgh d d into this board 
an acc u amounting to 5. which is allowed off and or- 
ders drawn on the Treasurer to pay the same and like- 
wise thirty shillings to the mayor for the use of Abraham 
Governour for services done for the Corporation. 

1734, May 3. It is ordered by this Board that Barent 
Bratt, treasurer, sell three hundred skipples of the wheat 
which he has now in store for three shillings per skipple 
ready money. 

1734, May 14. Uldrick Van Vranke agreed with this 
Board to set up 300 Stockadoes for seven pence half 
penny each stockadoe, that is to say, he is to square 
them on two sides take off all the Bark, put them three 
foot in the ground and make one ribb about three foot 
from the top, and to put a large pin in every stockadoe 
thro' the ribb. He is to make them square under and 
sharp above, and to make loop holes for small arms at 
convenient distances, as the mayor and aldermen shall 
direct. 

1734, May 13 [sic]. Resolved to send the following Peti- 
tion to the General Assembly: 

To the Honourable the Representatives of the Province 
of New York, in General Assembly convened. The 
humble Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
onalty of the city of Albany most humbly sheweth: 

That whereas the Wall now begun to be built around 
the city will be a work of some years and great expence, 
and that in the mean time we may be provided against 
any sudden surprize that may happen in case of a rup- 

[ Annals, x.] 5 









46 The City Records. 



ttire betwixt the Crowns of Great Britain and ffrance, 
the inhabitants of this city are generally very much en- 
clined to have the same fortified with Stockadoes, and in 
case that by the stubbornness of some ill designing people 
it may not be carried on so regularly and speedily as it 
ought to be, your Petitioners humbly pray that an act of 
General Assembly may be passed to enable the Mayor, 
Recorder, Aldermen and Comonalty of the said city to 
oblige the assessors to meet at such time and place as 
they the s d mayor, recorder, aldermen and comonalty, 
or the major part of them shall think meet to assess and 
rate all the inhabitants, ffneholders, residents and so- 
journers of the s d city to furnish and sett up Stockadoes 
in an equal and due proportion according to their abili- 
ties, and that a fine may be imposed upon those who 
shall be remiss or negligent in complying with the direc- 
tions of said act; and that the mayor, recorder and alder- 
men, or the major part of them may be impowered by 
said act to order and give directions how, where and in 
what manner the same Stockadoes shall be set up. 

And whereas besides the Stockadoes there will be 
wanted other materials for building batteries, making 
gates in their proper places and carriages for the great 
Guns which are all out of order, your Petitioners hum- 
bly pray that the sum of one hundred and fifty pound 
may be taxed on the county to help to enable the defray- 
ing of the charges of the same. 

And whereas the scituation of this city along the water 
side is very irregular and inconvenient for building, and 
as it is said pretensions are made on some lotts lying 
there, tho by our most diligent enquiry can find no body 
to show any title to the same, your Petitioners therefore 
humbly pray that an act may be passed to oblige those 
persons to make their claim wMn three months after the 
publication of s d act and dock out the same w'in three 
years, or that your Pefrs may be the better enabled to 
fortifie the same, further humbly pray that the right may 
be confirmed to this corporation who will oblige them- 
selves to do it in that time. 




The City Records. 

(0* 

Hoping your Honours will be pleased to take the pre- 
mises into your consideration and to pass an act or acts 
for the same, your Petitioners as in duty bound shall 
ever pray, &c. 

This board allows John Van Alstyn and Ryckart Hil- 
ton each forty shillings for work done to the two new 
block houses by Jesse Dffreests, Van Alstyne not to re- 
ceive his forty shillings till he puts a good and sufficient 
Roof on the new block house by the water side. An 
order was drawn on the treasurer to pay Jan Van Alstyn ' 

forty pounds pursuant to an order of the 18th December 
last which he had not received because he had not given 
bond according to the directions of the said order. 

1734, June 24. Resolved to sell at publick Vendue 
this day 400 Skipple of wheat to the highest bidder, no- 
tice being given by publick advertisement of said sale 
three days agoe, to be paid in ready on the delivery, 
which is to be this week: 

Edward Holland, 50 Sk: at 2:9 - - - 6-17:6 
Ditto - 50 Do 2:9 - - - 6:17:6 

Ditto - - 100 Do 2:9 - - - 13:15:0 
BarentBratt, 200 Do 2:9 - - - 27:10:0 



Amount is fifty-five pounds, 55: 0:0 

This board this day agreed with Gerrit Lansii'gh 
and Anthony Bratt to sett up 400 Stockadoes at 9d. a 
piece, beginning at the Block House on the Reuse Bergh 
and so on as they shall be directed, with Tennons of 
good dry oak wood of one and a half inch thick, to be 
drove in five inches, the Stockadoes to be 13 foot long, 
three foot in the ground, to have loop holes at proper 
distances. 

To allow them six shillings for furnishing timber for 
the Tenons. No Stockadoes to be put up but what will 
work one foot at least of good fresh wood. 

Mattys fflensburgh has undertake to sett up 300 Stock- 
adoes in the same manner and on the same conditions as 
the above 400 to begin by the Blockhouse on the Gallows 
Hill, to be allowed 4:6 for Tenons. 



48 The City Records. 

1734, July 20. The following Letter was writt and 
sent to Mr. Johannis Cuyler: 

Sir: The Mayor, Aldermen and Comonalty being in- 
tended to have a friendly conversation w l you concern- 
ing the ground in dispute betwixt the city and you, de- 
sire to meet w l you at the City hall on twesday next at 
three o'clock in the afternoon, and if your conveniency 
will not then allow, desire you may appoint another 
day. 

This Board this day agreed w l Hattys Flensburgh to 
sett up 300 Stockadoes more in the same manner and on 
the same conditions as those agreed for the 24th June last. 

1734, August 17. Symon Danielse presented a peti- 
tion to this Board praying that they would dispose of a 
certain tract or piece of wood land lying contiguous to 
him and belonging to this city, for which he would pay 
a reasonable consideration. The petition was in the 
words following, viz: 

To the worshipful Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Comonalty of the city of Albany in Comon Council 
convened, the humble Petition of Symon Danielse 
sheweth, 

That whereas there is a certain tract or piece of pine 
wood land belonging to the city of Albany, lying at 
Schaahkook having to the north Schaahkooks Road, to 
the east part of your Petitioners land and part the hills, 
which hills adjoins to the afores d land and stretches 
southward to where your Petitioners Mill stands and ten 
yards over the creek on which said mill stands and which 
said land lyes very contiguous to your Petitioner. 

Therefore prays that your worships will be pleased to 
dispose of the same to your Petitioner who is willing to 
pay a reasonable consideration for the same, which if 
your worships be pleased to grant, your worships Peti- 
tioner as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 

This Board having taken the above Petition into con- 
sideration Resolve that the Petitioner shall have the 
s d certain tract or piece of pine wood land as hereinafter 
bounded, viz: To the north and west Schaahkooks Road 



The City Records. 49 

as it now runs, to the east 'part by his land and part by 
the hills, which hills joins to the s d land and stretches 
southward along said hills to the creek where his Griss 
Mill now stands and so along the north side of the creek 
westerly till it comes to Hudson's River, for the sum of 
sixty pounds, of which thirty pound to be paid the first 
day of October now next ensuing by the delivery of the 
deed, and the other thirty pound on or before the first 
day of January 173f, for which he is to give Bond. 

Resolved that the mayor in behalf of the comonalty 
execute said deed and cause the city seal to be thereunto 
affixed. 

Jeremiah Pamerton this* day paid his bond of fifteen 
pound due to the city, which was cancelled by order of 
this Board. 

1734, August 24. Resolved by this Board to write a 
Letter to David Verplank which was in the following 
words, viz: 

Sir: The Mayor, Aldermen and Comonalty desire that 
you will be pleased to come up and indeavour to agree 
w l them to give libertye to sett the Stockadoes for forti- 
fving the city over your lott where the fence now stands. 
If you cannot conveniently come up, please to signifie 
your consent thereto by a letter under your hand, else the 
mayor, c. will be obliged to issue out a sumons to ap- 
praise the value of s d ground according to the directions 
of the act of Assembly made for that purpose. By orcler 
of the Mayor, Aldermen and Comonalty. 
To Mr. David Verplank. JA. STEVENSON, D Clerk. 

Resolved by this Board that the Mayor in the name of 
the Comonalty shall execute to Benjamin Bratt at the 
desire of Albert Ryckman, a deed for a lott of ground 
lying on the Plain, and sold by the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty the first day of December, 1686, as by the 
minutes of that day may appear. It is lott No. '21, 
having to the west the lott late of Philip Dffreest, to the 
east the lane, to the north the lott of Jacob Bogaert dec d , 
and to the south the lott belonging to the heirs of Jan 
Janse Bleecker, as the same is in fence. 



50 The City Records. 

An order was drawn on Bar ent Bratt, treasurer, to pay 
to John Groesbeeck 17:13 :9|, being for four great guns 
and carriages for the use of the city. 

1734, Sept. 29. In pursuance of the directions of the 
Charter of the city of Albany, two Aldermen, two Assist- 
ants and one constable were chosen for each ward by 
plurality of voices of the several inhabitants of the said 
city who had a right to vote, and are returned as follows, 
viz: 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

First Ward. 

Reyer Gerritse, Job's v Oostrande, 

Hendrick Roster. Mattys fflensburgh. 

Peter van Alen, Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Cornelis Cuyler, Jacob Ten Eyck, 

Joh's E. Wendell, Jacob Glen. 

Rob 1 Rumney, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Leend 1 Gaansevoort, Jesse Dffreest, 

Joban's Vischer, Gerrit G. Lansingh. 

Johan's Pruyn, Jun'r, Constable. 
Barent Bratt was chosen City Chamberlain. 
William Hilton, Jr., high Constable. 
1734, Oct. 29. This day appeared Johan's Wyngaert 
and Zechariah Zieckelsy and agreed with the Comon 
Council to go round every night and to call every hour 
from ten a clock to four in the morning at all the following 
places of the city what a clock and what weather it is, 
viz: At Frederick Myndertse's corner, Obadiah Cooper's 
corner, the Mayor's corner, Philip Livingston's, the Eng- 
lish Church, Johan's Lansingh's Jun'r, the Well of Gys- 
bert Marcellis's, Hendrick Ten Eyck's corner, the Re- 
corder's, John Waters's, Jacob Lansingh's, Leendert 
Gaansevoort's and Henry Holland's for which services 
they a;e to have each eight pounds and each six shillings 
for candles. To begin this next night and to end the 
last night of April next ensuing, and in case any com- 
plaints are sufficiently made out ag l them of the neglect 



The City Records. 51 

of their duty, they or either of them neglecting are to 
be discharged without payment for the time they have 
served. 

1734, Nov. 9. Abraham Defreest appeared before this 
Board and desired to buy a ps of pine wood land lying 
at Schaahtekook adjoining to Simon Danielse's land on 
the north side of Schaahtekook's Road. Johannis Vischer, 
one of the aldermen, is appointed by this board to go 
and view s d land and bring a report of the same. 

The following fire masters were appointed by this 
board for the year ensuing, viz: 

First Ward Jacob Maase and Dirck Winne. 

Second Ward Jacob Verplank and Symon Veeder. 

Third Ward Johannis Goewy and Abram Witbeck. 

1734, Nov. 20. This board sold this day unto Abram 
Defreest twenty-one morgans of the pine wood land 
which he desired to buy last Comon Council, lying and 
being upon the hill at the back of Symon Danielse's land, 
beginning about one hundred yards from the ridge of the 
hill and so along the north side of the road that leads to 
Schaahtekook at about fifty yards distance from the road, 
containing two hundred yard in breadth along the road 
keeping said distance from said road with a streight line 
till giving the same distance of two hundred yards in the 
rear another streight line to run to the place where first 
begun, will make up the s d quantity of twenty-one mor- 
gans, he being to pay therefore the sum of twenty-five 
pounds; that is to say, twelve pound ten shillings the 
first day of July next and twelve pound ten shillings, the 
remainder, on the first day of July 1736, for which sums 
he is to give bond and also the yearly rent of two fatt 
hens for ever. The first payment to begin on the first 
day of February 173. Resolved by this board that in- 
dentures shall be drawn accordingly, and that the mayor 
in behalf of the comonalty shall cause the city seal to 
be thereto affixed and the same to be entered on the 
publick records. 

John Lindesay, Esq. produced a commission for sheriff 
of the city and county of Albany for the year ensuing, 
and took his oath of office before this board. 



52 The City Records. 

1734, Nov. 26. This board agreed w' Johan's Seger 
to furnish fire wood and to make fire for the Comon 
Council and Mayors Court for the sum of thirty shillings 
for one year. 

This Board agreed w l Evert Wendell and Richard 
Williams, Esqr's, Atty's at Law, to give their opinions 
in writing under their hand signed by them, whether or 
not the Corporation can legally grant a deed to Peter 
Brower for the land he purchased of the Indians lying at 
Tienenderogue, which is part of the land contained in 
the Indian deed which John Depeyster, Esq'r, late mayor 
of this city, had in his custody w l other writings and 
which he says is destroyed for which their advice so given 
under hand as af, this Board is to pay each of them 
twenty shillings. 

1734, Nov. 29. Evert Wendell and Richard Williams 
Esqrs.. Attorneys at Law, gave in their opinion in writ- 
ing under their hands and seals concerning Peter Brower's 
deed, according to their agreement last Comon Council 
which was in the words following, viz: 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the city of 
Albany having desired our opinion concerning a Tract 
of land comprehended within the lirnitts and boundaries 
of one thousand acres of land scituate at Tiennenoroge 
granted by his city charter to the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty of the city of Albany of which tract of land 
one Peter Brower having made a purchase from the In- 
dian owners and now petition the s d mayor, aldermen and 
comonalFy that they will confirm his said purchase there 
if the s d mayor, aldermen, &c., can comply with said pe- 
tition. 

Upon perusal of the s d Charter we find a Lycence to 
purchase and a Grant in fee simple for one thousand 
acres of low or meadow land at Tiennonderoge to the 
mayor, aldermen, &c. af 11 for part of which said Peter 
Brower hath obtained an Indian purchase for the term of 
nine hundred and ninety-nine years. 

We are therefore humbly of opinion and do advise the 
said mayor, aldermen and comonalty upon the said Peter 



The City Records. 53 

Brewer's assigning over the Indian deed they may grant 
and confirm to said Peter the said tract of land for the 
term specified in his said Indian deed. 

We remain with great Respect, 

Your very humble Servants. 

EVERT WENDELL, 

Albany, November 27th, 1734. RICH'D WILLIAMS. 

This day Peter Brower appeared in Comon Council 
and produced an Indian Lease for a certain tract or 
parcel of land, scituate, lying and being about one Eng- 
lish mile above Fort Hunter on the south side of the 
Mohawk River, begining by a certain creek called Och- 
rachqua or Aries creek, from thence down along the said 
river to the said small creek or run of water, being about 
900 yards, from thence with a southerly line into the 
woods about an English mile, from thence with a westerly 
line to the before mentioned Aries creek and from thence 
along the s d creek to the place where it first begun, where 
the s d Aries creek runs into the river, being about ten or 
eleven morgan low or meadow land, be it more or less, 
together \v* all and singular the appurtenances thereunto 
belonging or in any ways appertaining, for the term of 
999 years, which said lease he the said Peter Brower had 
obtained on the 7th day of July 1730, from David, Gideon, 
Jacob, Canastadie, Jacomyn and Josina, Sachems of the 
Mohawk Castle, duly executed under their hands and 
seals, which said Lease he hath this present day assigned 
and sett over to this Corporation for the consideration 
of five shillings; that is to say, such part of the s d lease 
as is hereafter mentioned, viz: All that certain tract or 
parcel of low or meadow land, scituate, lying or being 
about an English mile above the ffort Hunter at the 
south side of the Mohawks River, beginning by a certain 
creek comonly called Ochrachqua or Aries creek, from 
thence down along the Mohawk River to the second small 
creek or run of water, being ab l 900 yards, from thence 
w l a southerly line to the foot of the hill, from thence 
along the foot of said hill w l a westerly line to the af 1 
Aries creek, and from thence along s d creek to the place 



54 The City Records. 

where first begun. Which said tract of low or meadow 
land is part of the lands granted to the mayor, aldermen 
and comonalty of the city of Albany by their Charter. 

This Board agreed w Richard Williams Esq., Att: at 
Law, to give them his opinion in writing under his hand 
whether or not they can have an action ag l John De 
Peyster, late mayor of this city, for giving over the In- 
dian deed for the land at Tienenderogue to the Gov'r, 
which deed is destroyed. 

1734. Dec. 6. Peter Brower having made application 
to this Board to have a lease from the mayor, aldermen, 
and comonalty for the lowland contained in the Indian 
lease which he made over to them at their last Comon 
Council as by the minutes of that day may appear, it is 
therefore Resolved by this Board to give a lease unto the 
said Peter Brower for the terra of 999 years for the land 
hereafter mentioned, viz: To begin at a certain creek 
comonly called Ochrachaqua or Aries creek, from thence 
down along Mohawks River to the second small creek or 
run of water, being ab l 900 yards, from thence with a 
southerly line to the foot of the hill, from thence along 
the foot of the hill, till with a north line 36 degrees east, 
you come to the mouth of the said Aries creek where 
first begun, containing about six morgans be it more or 
less. In consideration whereof the said Peter Brower 
is to pay to this Corporation the sum of six pounds and 
two skipple of good merchantable Winter wheat yearly, 
First payment to begin the first day of February 173|, 
and ever after on the first day of February in course, for 
each morgan contained w'in s d boundaries, and that the 
mayor in behalf of the Comonalty shall execute a deed 
for the same and cause the seal of the city to be there- 
unto affixed. 

It being put to a vote whether the lott of ground in 
dispute between this Corporation and Johannis Cuyler, 
should be agreed for or not carried by a majority to be 
agreed. 

Being again put to the vote for how much they should 
agree, carr d by a majority that the said Johan's Cuyler 



The City Records. 55 

should pay to the corporation ten pounds for their claim, 
which Cornells Cuyler agreed to for his father. 

Then it was Resolved by this Board to release to the 
said Johan's Cuyler tor the sum of ten pounds to be paid 
on delivery of the deed, the said lott of ground which 
lyes in the 2d ward of the said city, bounded on the east 
by the highway or lane, on the south by the now dwell- 
ing lott of the s d Johan's Cuyler, on the west to the lotts 
of the said Johannis Cuyler and Johan's Beeckmari, and 
on the north the street that runs by the fronts of the 
houses of Schieboleth Bogardus, Joh's De Garmoy and 
others containing in breadth on the east side live rodd 
and seven foot, en the wast side five rodd, in length on 
the south side nine rodd and two foot and on the north 
side eight rodd and six foot, all Rynland measure. And 
that the mayor in behalf of the comonalty execute a deed 
for the same and cause the seal of the city to be there- 
unto affixed. 

173i, February 18. This board orders Barent Bratt, 
treasurer, to sell 300 skipple of the wheat now in store, 
for ready money, at least 3s. per skipple, and as much 
more as he can gett; but if any of the city creditors buys 
to discount for so much as is owing to them. 

The following Letter was writt to Lewis and Peter 
Fiele, sign'd by the present members. 

Gentlemen: According to your request have laid be- 
fore the Coinon Council your grievance threatened by the 
Indians, and it is resolved by this board, that whenever 
those Indians who make pretensions on Lewis's creek 
return from their hunting, you would desire them to come 
here, and if their pretensions are good we shall make 
them satisfaction. We are Gentlemen. 

Order'd Barent Bratt to pay to Jacob Ten Eyck, 7s. 
To give Johan's Seger 6 sk. wheat and make him debtor 
on acc tl his salary for same. 

Ordered by this board that Barent Bratt, city treasurer, 
make Dirck Ten Broeck, Peter Fiele and Hugo Fiele, 
Dr. for 5 pr annum for the rent of the saw mill on 
Lewis's creek in room of Johannis Ouderkerk. 



56 The City Records. 

Whereas the well in the Joncker street is out of re- 
pair, it is ordered by this board that the mayor lay out a 
sum not exceeding thirty shillings towards the repair of 
said well. 

173i, March 4. This day Leendert v Veghten ap- 
peared before this board and purchased a certain piece 
or parcel of ground, scituate, lying and being on the south 
side of Schaahkook creek, beginning at a certain creek 
or hill called the fountain Creek or killetie where it 
empties itself into the said Schaahkook creek and so 
down along the said Schaahkooks creek as it runs 
about an English mile to a small hill to the southward 
of said land, from said small hill to the place where 
first begun, containing in the whole with low and upland 
fifteen morgan, to him the said Leendert v Veghten and 
the heirs of his body, and failing of the heirs of his body 
to his brother Dirck v Veghten, his heirs and assigns for 
ever, for which he is to pay fourteen pounds current mo- 
ney of the province of New York, on the delivery of the 
deed, which is to be perfected on Thursday next, and 
also the yearly rent of eight skipple good merchantable 
winter wheat yearly in the month of February, the first 
payment to begin in the month of February 163f [sic]. 

Resolved by this board that indentures be drawn ac- 
cordingly, and that the mayor in behalf of the mayor, 
aldermen and comonalty execute the same and cause the 
city seal to be thereunto affixed and the same to be en- 
tered upon the publick records. 

Harme Van Veghten on behalf of his father, Dirck v 
Veghten laid the following Petition before this Board: 

To the worshipful mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
comonalty of the city of Albany. The Petition of Dirck 
v Veghten humbly sheweth, 

That whereas there is a certain piece of unimproved 
lands belonging to the corporation of the city of Albany 
at Schaahkook, and lyes contiguous and adjoining to the 
westward of your petitioner's lands, containing about 
two or three morgans, and whereas the same is very 
conv 1 for your worships petitioner, and would be of great 



The City Records. 57 

prejudice to him that any other should purchase it, your 
worships petitioner humbly prays that you will be pleased 
to dispose of the same to him for a reasonable price and 
under such conditions as your worships think meet, and 
your worships petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

1735, April 10. Resolved that Johannis Seger shall 
have the use of two inorgans of land for twenty-five 
years, lying on the north side of the Road that goes up 
the Gallows hill and leads into the woods, and on the 
south side of the Rutten kill, for which he is to pay 
yearly two good fowls in the month of February. 

Sold to Johannis Dewandelaer three morgans of Land 
lying at Schaahkook, being on the west of Tamheneck's 
creek under the hill where the comon road runs over, 
for which he is to pay 10 upon the delivery of the deed 
and the yearly rent of three skipple good Winter wheat 
in the months of January or February yearly, the first 
payment of the afores d yearly Rent to begin in the months 
of January or February 173. Resolved that Indentures 
be drawn accordingly, and that the mayor in behalf of 
the mayor, aldermen and comonalty execute the same 
and cause the city seal to be thereunto affixed and these 
presents to be entered in the publick Records. 

1735, April 12. Resolved by this Board to draw a 
Warrant on the Treasurer to pay Jan van Alstyn forty 
shillings which is in full for finishing the block house. 

Resolved by this Board to imploy Rich d Williams, Esq. 
attorney at law forthwith to sue Daniel & Jochim Ket- 
telhuyn on breach of coven 1 for what they are in arrear 
to the city. 

Resolved likewise to sue Marritie Winne in the same 
action for what she is in arrear if she does not come and 
agree by this day fortnight. 

1735, April 19. This day Marritie Winne appeared 
before this Board and it is found by inspecting the treas- 
urer's book that she is in arrear 154 Sk: wheat to this 
corporation, and we taking her circumstances into con- 
sideration abate her 50 Sk, and that she enter into bond 

[Annals, x.] 6 



58 The City Records. 

for 50 Sk. more in the time of one month to be paid in 
the months of January or February next, but the other 
54 Sk. she must pay on or before the first day of Novem- 
ber next. But if she neglect to give bond w4n the time 
limitted that then she shall be lyable for the whole 154 
Sk: 

1735, June 28. Daniel Hewson presented a Petition 
to this Board praying liberty to purchase a lott of ground 
on the south side of Abraham Vosburgh on the Gallows 
hill, for which he was willing to pay a reasonable price. 

Resolved by this Board to sell said Hewson a lott of 
ground according to the Petitioner's prayer, to contain 
in length from east to west twelve rodd, and in breadth 
from north to south forty foot, on the same course w* s d 
Vosburgh, and bounded by him on the north and on the 
south by a lott this day sold to Robert Flint, for which 
he agrees to pay 15 at two equal payments and three 
shillings per annum ; first paym 1 to be paid the first day 
of May next, and the other half the first day of May 1737. 
Writings to be executed at the first paym 1 . Resolved 
that the mayor shall then in behalf of the mayor, alder- 
men and comonalty execute a deed for the same and cause 
the city seal to be thereunto affixed. 

Robert Flint presented a Petition to this Board pray- 
ing liberty to purchase a lott of ground to the southward 
of the lott ground above sold to Daniel Hewson, on the 
same course and to contain the same length of twelve 
rodd from east to west, and in breadth from north to south 
forty foot, for which he agrees to pay 15: at the same 
payments as Hewson and the same yearly rent of three 
shillings per annum. Resolved that the mayor shall ex- 
ecute a deed for the same and cause the city seal to be 
thereunto affixed. 

Resolved by this Board to pay Peter Quackenboss 
thirty shillings in satisfaction of the loss he sustained by 
reason of the stones for building the city Wall were laid 
on his ground, for which a Warr tl is order d to be drawn 
on the city Treasurer. 

This day a Warrant was drawn on the Treasurer to 



The City Records. 59 

pay Johan's Ostrande thirty shillings for laying up the 
ground along the foot of the city Wall. 

Drawn also a Warr* on the Treasurer to pay to Rich' 1 
Williams three pounds for fees, viz: In the action, The 
Corporation v. John Depeyster. Ditto v. Jochim Bradt 
and Ditto on acco u of Peter Brower. 

Drawn a Warr 1 to pay Evert Wendell 1: on acco u of 
said Peter Brower. 

Drawn a Warr u to pay Dirck Tenbroeck nine shillings 
for cleaning his lott of ground where the stones lay for 
building the city Wall. 

Drawn a Warr lt to pay James Stevenson five shillings 
for clerk's fees, The CorpoVation v. Jochim Bratt. 

1735, June 28. This day Mary Bratt, widow, gave 
the refusal of her farm at Schaahkook for 337: accord- 
ing to the Coven 1 in her Indenture, which this Board 
doth not accept off but give her Liberty to dispose of the 
same. 

A Warr lt was drawn on the Treasurer to pay to Jo- 
hannis Seger three Skipple of wheat. 

Advertisements were put up to lett out the Water 
lotts along Hudsons River and likewise the last notice 
for the owners to shew their titles. 

1735, July 2. Johannis Christianse app d before this 
Board and gave the Refusal of ten morgan of his land 
lying on the fflatts at Schaahkook to this Corporation, 
for that he intended to dispose of the same which this 
board did not think fitt to accept off, and therefore gave 
him Liberty to sell the same to Joh's Knickerbacker. 

This board taking the poor circumstances of the said 
Jan Christianse into their consideration abate him 50 Sk: 
of the rent he is in arrear to the city. 

Johan's Knickerbacker app d before this Board and gave 
the refusal of 18 morgan of his land lying on the River 
side at Schaahkook opposite to Anthonys kill to this 
Corporation, being y e south part of that tract of Land 
this Corporation formerly sold to David Schuyler. This 
Board not enclining to accept of the same gives him 
liberty to dispose thereof to Jan Christianse. 



60 The City Records. 

1735, July 4. This day the following persons pro- 
duced the following Titles for lotts of ground lying along 
Hudsons River, pursuant to the directions of an Act of 
Assembly for that purpose made and enacted. 

Sybrant Van Schaick produced copy of a Transp 1 from 
Peter Peterse Lansingh to Sybrant Goose Van Schaick 
for a half Brewery, Lott & Garden. The lott containing 
in breadth on the east side or Kings highway six rodd 
nine foot and six inches, in length on the south by the 
gang way of Abraham Staats five rodd and eleven foot, 
on the west by Abraham Staats six rodd and five foot, 
and on the north side the street seven rodd and one foot. 
The Garden contains on the west side by the way six 
rodd and nine foot, on the north side by the way four 
rodd and seven foot, on the east by the river seven rodd 
and five foot and on the south side again to Abraham 
Staats five rodd and five foot. 

David A. Schuyler produced a Patent or Confirmation 
from Richard Nichols, Esq., Governour Gen'l under his 
Royal Highness James, Duke of York, abutting to the 
north on Barent Andriese, to the south on the ground 
formerly belonging to Frans Barentsen on the east side 
of the river and the west side of the highway, contain- 
ing in breadth on the east side four rodd and eight foot, 
and on the west six rodd and a half. In length on the 
south side nineteen rodd, and on the north sixteen rodd 
and ten foot. 

1735, July 7. Whereas David A. Schuyler shew'd 
title last Comon Council for the ground lying behind his 
lott, which is broad on the east side four rodd and eight 
foot, and on the west six rodd and a half, and whereas the 
Comonality intend to lay out a street of thirty foot broad 
over said ground; they have agreed w l the said David A. 
Schuyler that in consideration of his allowing the said 
street to be laid over his ground they will enlarge the 
same on the east side and give him the same breadth of 
six rodd and a half on the east as it now is on the west. 

This Board agreed this day with Dirck I. Tenbroeck 



The City Records. 61 

to lay out the Water lotts along Hudson's River, for 
which they are to pay him twenty-eight shillings. 

1735, August 12. This day the following ordinances 
were published, viz: 

A law to prevent strangers from being a charge to this 
Corporation. 

A law for cleaning the streets, lanes and alleys of the 
said city. 

A law for paving the streets, lanes and alleys within 
the city of Albany. 

A law comanding the Constables to be diligent in put- 
ting the several laws made and publish'd by the Comon 
Council in execution. 

1735, Sept. 29. In pursuance to the directions of the 
Charter of the city of Albany being the day appointed 
for the electing of aldermen, assistants and constables 
for said city, the following were chosen, viz: 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

First Ward. 

Henry Koster, Syb 1 v. Schaick, 

Tobias Ryckman. Gerrit Bratt. 

Volkert Douwe, Jun'r, Constable. 

Second Ward. 

Cornells Cuyler, Jacob Glen, 

Joh's E. Wendell. Jacob Ten Eyck. 

James Stenhouse, Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Leend 1 Gaansevoort, Jesse Dfreest, 

Joh's Vischer. Anthony Bratt. 

Johannis Spoor, Constable. 

Barent Bratt was chosen City Chamberlain for the year 
ensuing and order'd to enter into bond with security as 
usual. 

1735, October 29. This day Johannis Wyngaert and 
Zechariah Zieckelsie appeared before this board and 
agreed anew to go round the city at Nights at the usual 
Hours and to call at the usual Places on the same terms 
and conditions as was agreed last year, and that for six 
months from this day. 



62 The City Records. 

1735, Nov. 1. The following persons were appointed 
fire masters for the year ensuing, viz : 

First Ward Uldrick van Vranke and Jacobus Hilton. 

Second Ward Abraham Vandeusen and Hendrick M. 
Roseboom. 

Third Ward Johannis Cloet and Johannis Quacken- 
boss. 

This day was published three ordinances, viz: 1 for 
Tavern keepers to take lycence ; 1 for preventing fire ; 
1 for preventing accidents by hard or unruly riding thro' 
the streets. 

173, Feb. 5. An ordinance was published to lay a 
fine upon the officers therein named, elected and refusing 
to serve , ag l Hogs running at large, and to choose 3 
more constables for this city. 

173|, Feb. 13. This day pursuant to the ordinance 
published the 5th instant, the following persons were 
returned constables and took their oaths for the due ex- 
ecution of their offices, viz: For first ward, Johan's E. 
Wendell, Jun'r ; for second ward, Will em van Schelluyne ; 
for third ward, William Rogers, Jun'r. 

173f , March 24. The Comon Council upon the ap- 
plication of the aldermen of the second ward in behalf 
of the inhabitants of said ward, grant liberty to build a 
Market house in the Brewers street over the creek or 
run of water that comes from the hill and emptys itself 
into the river, running through the ground of John or 
Johannis Evertse. Towards y e building whereof the 
Comon Council allow seven pounds ten shillings. 

Whereas Johannis Dewandelaer never came to gett 
Title for the three morgan of land lying at Schaahkook, 
on the west of Tamheneck creek under the hill where 
the comon road now runs over, according to his agree- 
ment w l the Comon Council the 10th day of April last, 
and Levinus Winne (by Jesse Deforeest who acted for 
him) desiring to buy the same three morgans of land, 
This board thought fitt to sell the same unto the said 
Levinus Winne for the sum often pounds and the yearly 
rent of three skypple good merchantable winter wheat, 



The City Records. 63 

to be p (l yearly, the first three skipple to be p d in the 
month of Jan'ry or February 173f , and so on for ever 
after in the same months. Five pound, half of the con- 
sideration money to be paid by the delivery of the deed, 
and the last five pound on or before the first day of May 
1737, Jesse Deforeest to be security for the payment 
thereof. Resolved that indentures be drawn accordingly 
and that the mayor in behalf of the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty execute a deed for the same. 

This board taking into charitable consideration the poor 
circumstances of Rachel Winne, wedow, and that her bro- 
ther, Guilleyn Verplanck, executed a note of hand to this 
corporation for the payment of five pounds on acco" of 
said Rachel Winne, on which note there is yet due 2:16 
or thereabout. It is hereby ordered that the Treasurer 
give up said note cancell'd without further payment. 

John Armstrong laid before this board an acco 1 for 
riding sand, &c. amounting to 2:9, which is allowed 
and the treasurer ordered to pay the same. 

A Petition was laid before this board in the words fol- 
lowing, viz: 

To the worshipful the mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
comonalty of the city of Albany, The humble Peti- 
tion of several inhabitants of this city of Albany, 
Most humbly sheweth: 

Whereas the Road now laid out on the west side of 
the Gallows hill leads through the lands of Mr. Evert 
Wendell is very comodious and conven 1 for the inhabit- 
ants of this city (that is to say) in the dry of the Sum- 
mer and Winter, but in the Spring and Fall it is not fitt 
for any use either for men or horse, &c., and your Peti- 
tioners w l humble submission to your worships better 
opinion do conceive that a more conven 1 Road may be 
laid out, to witt, just on the south and east side of the 
block house that stands near the widow Winne. 

Wherefore your Petitioners most humbly pray your 
worships that you will be pleased to lay out a Road in that 
place for the ease of us your petitioners and the rest of 
his Majesties subjects, or that you will be humbly pleased 



64 The City Records. 

to give leave to your petitioners to lay out the same, and 
that they may take up so many Stockadoes as the breadth 
of a gate requires, which Road to be laid out at your 
petitioners proper cost and charges, and that the same 
may be recorded in your book of records for a King's 
highway, and so remain a great ease to his subjects. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

The Comon Council made the following Resolves con- 
cerning the regulating of the streets: 

Whereas an ordinance was published the twelfth day 
of August last for paving the streets, &c. within this 
city, and that the time lirnitted by s d ordinance is now 
expired, the Comon Council think proper for the more 
conven* and sufficient paving of the same that it is highly 
necessary that all and every the inhabitants of the second 
ward whose drains or gutters empty themselves into that 
street or lane which leads down from betwixt Johan's 
Beeckman and Anthony van Schaick lott, between Jacob 
Vischer and Jacob Lansings, be taken up and laid so as 
to convey their water into the foxes creek by that way 
where the old block house stood, and that whoever of 
said inhabitants doth not comply herewith before the 
first day of May next shall forfiet thirty shillings to be 
recovered before the mayor, recorder or any one of the 
aldermen of the said city. 

It is ordain'd by the Comon Council that the drains 
or gutters leading from the yards or houses of Philip 
Livingston, Esq. and the Widow Beekman, be so laid by 
the owners as to empty themselves towards the market 
house by the first day of May next under the forfieture 
as af 3 to be recover'd as afores d . 

Complaint being made to this board of the inconven- 
iency of the stoop rais'd before the house of Reyer Ger- 
ritse, Esq. that fronts the river, it is ordered that the s d 
Reyer Gerritse, Esq. take the same away and carry out the 
drain from his house so farr that it may empty itself into 
the river. The same to be done on or before the first 
day of June next on pain of thirty shillings, to be re- 
covered as af d . 



The City Records. 65 

Order'd that Philip Livingston, Esq., Reyer Gerritse, 
Esq. be serv'd w l a copy of this Resolution relating their 
drains. 

1736, March 31. John Schuyler, Jun'r, gave in an 
account to this board for 12 leather Buckets at 8s., 4:16, 
which is allowed and an order drawn on the treasurer to 
pay the same. 

Whereas Capt. Henry Holland hath caused to be laid 
before this board a certain Release for a lott of ground 
lying and being at the south side of this city adjoining to 
the burial place, from the north-west corner thereof and 
so towards the plain, containing in breadth nine rodd, 
and in length along the 'street that goes by the burial 
place eighteen rodd, and in breadth at the end next the 
creek from north to south seven rodd, executed to him by 
Richard Willson and bearing date the fourth day of No- 
vember, 1708, and whereas the said Henry Holland is 
enclined to dispose of the said lott or part thereof, and 
being informed that this corporation pretend to some 
right in the abovementioned p'mes, is enclined to come 
to an amicable agreement with the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty about the same. It is therefore agreed by 
and between the said Henry Holland and the said mayor, 
aldermen and comonalty that the said mayor for the time 
being execute to the said Capt. Henry Holland a release 
which is to be executed in Comon Council any time after 
this day for all their right and title of part of the said 
lott, to witt: Beginning at the north-west corner of the 
burying place, and so westerly towards the hill nine 
rodd and four foot, from thence southward towards the 
stable of Andries Bratt eight rodd and ten foot, from 
thence eastward to the burying place nine rodd and four 
foot, from thence northward along the s d burying place 
eight rodd and ten foot to the place where first begun. 
In consideration of which the said Captain Henry Holland 
is to pay to the Treasurer of this city the sum of twenty 
pounds on or before the first day of October next for the 
use of this city. For which sum the Edward Holland, 
Esq., the present mayor, is to give his own bond on ex- 
ecuting of said deed. 



66 The City Records. 

1736, April 2. The mayor executed a deed to Capt. 
Henry Holland for the lott of ground mentioned in the 
Minutes of Comon Council the 31st day of March last, 
according to the Resolution of that day. 

Edward Holland, Esq. gave his bond for the twenty 
pound mentioned to be paid for the consideration money 
of the above lott, payable the first day of October next. 

This board orders the Treasurer to pay twelve shil- 
lings to Tobias Ryckman. 

1736, May 18. The following Letter was wrote to 
George Clarke, Esq., President of the Council at New 
York : 

The mayor comunicated to this board y e Letter of the 
llth instant, directed to Capt. Collins, whereby we per- 
ceived that you would have our opinion of a certain 
tract of land in the Mohawks country, petitioned for by 
Messrs. Sam'l Storke and Peter Brugh Livingston to his 
Maj'ie. We therefore shall endeavour to give you our 
opinion of it and its consequences according to the best 
of our capacity and understanding. In the first place 
we join your Honour in opinion that there is a course 
left out. However we can partly guess where the lands 
petitioned for ly's, and are well assured that great part 
of the said tract is already patented, and we are credibly 
informed that there are several purchases made from the 
Mohawks in the regular method for part of the said tract. 
We are also assured that some of the Mohawk Indians 
are seated on part of it, but cannot conceive that any of 
the Mohawk fflatts are included in those imperfect boun- 
daries. We are confident that the method made use of 
by those Gentlemen, first to obtain a patent for lands be- 
fore a purchase made from the Natives will prove of ill 
consequence and alienate the Indians from his Maj'es 
interest and create great animosities and strife between 
them and us, and in the end drive them from us to the 
french, so that we most earnestly entreat your Honour 
that you would in the strongest manner you can to sett 
forth the ill consequences of such proceedings to the 
Lords of Trade and desire them to discountenance such 
practices. 



The City Records. 67 

1736, June 26. This day sold unto Johannis De Gar- 
moy, Harmanus Wendell, David Groesbeck and Jelles De 
Garmoy, a lott of ground scituate, lying and being on 
the north side of the city of Albany, on the south side 
of the foxes kill or creek, beginning near the s d creek, 
six rods west from where the Stockadoes now stands, 
running westerly along said Foxes creek, as the creek 
runs nine rodd, from thence southerly w l a streight line 
ten rodd towards the hill, from thence easterly nine rodd, 
from thence northerly to the place where first begun ten 
rodd with the use of the said creek for their tan pitts, 
for which they are to pay fifteen pounds on the mayors 
executing a deed for the s&me. Resolved that the mayor 
for the time being shall execute to them a deed for s d lott 
of ground and cause the city seal to be thereunto affixed. 

This day sold unto Abraham Harpertse Van Deusen 
and Hendrick Gerritse Van Ness a lott of ground scituate, 
lying and being on the north side of the foxes creek, 
within the limitts of the city of Albany, beginning on 
the north side of said foxes creek at a stake drove into 
the ground about four and a half rodd westerly from the 
south-west corner of the ground belonging to Wynant 
Vandeu Bergh where he makes his bricks, just on the 
west side of the ground where s d Wynant Vandenbergh 
hath digg'd the clay for making his bricks, running west- 
erly along s d creek as the s d creek runs seven rodd, 
from thence northerly with a streight line four rodd, 
from thence easterly seven rodd, from thence southerly 
to the place where first begun four rodd, with the use of 
said creek for their tan pitts, for which they agree to pay 
ten pound on executing the deed to them for the same. 
Resolved that the mayor in behalf of this corporation 
shall execute said deed and cause the city seal to be 
thereunto affixed. 

This day sold unto Thomas Wilkinson a lott of ground 
scituate, lying and being on the south side of the city of 
Albany on the old Gallows hill, bounded on the north by 
a lott of ground sold to Robert Flint the twenty-eighth 
day of June last, containing in breadth from north to 



68 The City Records. 

south (ranging on the same course with Robert Flint's 
lott) forty foot, in length from east to west twelve rodd, 
all Rynland measure, for which said Thomas Wilkinson 
agrees to pay fifteen pounds in manner following, that is 
to say, seven pound ten shillings on executing the deed, 
and the remaining seven pounds ten shillings on or be- 
fore the first day of July 1738, for which he is to execute 
a bond payable to the mayor, aldermen and comonalty 
or their successors, and three shillings yearly rent for 
ever; the first payment to begin the first day of July 
1738. Resolved that the mayor in behalf of the corpo- 
ration execute a deed for the same and cause the city 
seal to be thereunto affixed. 

This board agreed with Jesse Deforeest and Anthony 
Bratt to keep in repair the roads which the city is 
obliged to repair by virtue of an act of Assembly of this 
Province, as they shall from time to time be directed by 
y e mayor or any one of the aldermen. The bridges within 
the city excepted, for which they are to have three pounds 
twelve shillings per annum, paid yearly for the term of 
six years. 

1736, June 30. This day was published the following 
ordinances: 

An ordinance relating to the markets; an ordinance 
relating to the observation of the Lord's day and the be- 
haviour of the Negroes; an ordinance regulating the fees 
of the inviters to funerals. 

1736, July 21. This board drew an order on Barent 
Bratt, city treasurer, to send them twelve shillings, 
which they gave to the poor Prisoners. 

1736, July 31. This day the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty sold the following lotts of ground unto the 
following persons for the consideration money after ex- 
pressed, viz: 

To Jacob Lansingh a lott of ground lying to the west- 
ward of the city of Albany on the south side of the foxes 
creek, bounded on the east by a lott of ground sold to 
Johannis D. Garmoy, Harmanus Wendell, David Groes- 
beeck and Jellis De Garmoy, on the north by the foxes 



The City Records. 69 

creek, on the west by a lott of ground belonging to Abra- 
ham Lansingh, and on the south by the hills; containing 
in breadth from east to west eight rodd, in length from 
north to south ten rodd, all Rynland measure, for which 
he agrees to pay thirteen pounds. 

To Adam Yetts, Jun'r and Johannis Pruyn, Jun'r, a 
piece or lott of ground lying to the southward of a lott 
of ground formerly sold to aid Yetts and said Pruyn, 
where they have now a tan yard, containing to the south- 
ward along a small creek called Fountain creek which 
runns to the foxes creek three rodd and nine feet, from 
thence westerly to a stake drove in the ground six rodd, 
from thence northerly to the rear line of the abovemen- 
tioned lott where the tan yard stands three rodd and nine 
feet, all Rynland measure, for which they agree to pay 
six pounds. 

To Jacob Teji Eyck a lott of ground lying to the west- 
ward of the city of Albany on the south side of the foxes 
creek, being part of the flatt or plain where Jan Maase 
made bricks, beginning on the east side by an old burnt 
stump of a tree, running westerly along the foxes creek 
as said creek runns six rodd, from thence southerly 
towards the hill to a stake drove in the ground, from 
thence easterly to another stake drove in the ground six 
rodd, from thence northerly to the place where first be- 
gun ten rodd, all Rynland measure, for which he is to 
pay fifteen pounds. 

To Gerrit Lansingh and Hendrick Vandeusen a water 
lott lying behind the lott belonging to the Dutch church, 
now in the possession of Dr. Petrus Van Driesen, con- 
taining in breadth before and behind seventy-five foot, in 
length to low water mark, to leave a street betwixt the 
af* 1 lott in the possession of Dr. Van Driesen and s d water 
lott of three rodd Rynland. 

1736, July 31. The lott of ground sold to Johannis 
Wyngaert the 18th day of May last not measuring so 
much as there expressed, this board have this day agreed 
with said Wyngaert for said lott, containing along the 
street from the north bounds of a lott formerly sold tc 

[Annals, x.] 7 



70 The City Records. 

Jan Winne, dec d , ranging on the same course twenty-five 
foot, from thence up the hill seven rodd, from thence 
southerly to the line of the afores d lott sold to said Jan 
Winne, dec d , twenty-nine foot, from thence along said 
lott to the place where first begun at the street eight 
rodd, all Rynland measure, for which s d Wyngaert agrees 
to pay seventeen pounds by the delivery of the deed. 

Resolved that the mayor in behalf of the mayor, alder- 
men and comonalty execute a deed for the same and affix 
the city seal thereto. 

1736, August 30. This board ordered a caveat to be 
enter'd in the Secretary's office that no Patent might pass 
for any low land at^Tienenderoge till the mayor, alder- 
men and comonality be heard thereupon and give their 
reasons. 

This board ordered another caveat to be entered in the 
Surveyor General's office to hinder the return of a war- 
rant of survey till the mayor, aldermen and comonalty 
be heard thereupon, which was in the words following : 

The mayor, aldermen and comonalty of the city of 
Albany desire that Jan Wemp or any other person or 
persons may not have any warrant of survey returned 
by the Surveyor General for any part of the low land 
lying at Tienenderoge in the Mohawks country in the 
county of Albany, untill the mayor, aldermen and com- 
monalty be heard thereupon and give their reasons. 

This board agreed w l Benjamin Egbertse to enter the 
one caveat at Dr. Colden's office and to put up the other 
in the Secretary's office at New York for which he is to 
have twenty shillings. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the second ward are en- 
clined to build a Market house where the old Blockhouse 
stood, between Abraham Lansinghs and Jan Maase's, 
which this board permitts them to do and allow six pound 
for promoting of the same, and orders the Treasurer to 
pay said sum to Cornelis Cuylerand Johan's E. Wendell, 
Esqs., as soon as the roof is put on the same. 

This day a warrant was drawn on the Treasurer to 
give to Johan's Seger six skipple of wheat. 



The City Records. 71 

1736, Sept. 20. This day sold to Abraham Fort a 
piece or parcel of wood land scituate, lying and being at 
Schaahkook in the county of Albany, beginning at a large 
white oak tree standing about one hundred yds. from the 
Indian burying place; running easterly to the foot of the 
hill, thence southerly along the foot of the hill three 
hundred and fifty yards, thence westerly to the Indian 
fence two hund d yards, thence northerly along s d Indian 
fence to the place where first begun, to make up the 
quantity of six morgans and no more, for which he is to 
pay four pounds in the month of January 173J. 

This day sold to Philip Winne a certain piece or parcel 
of wood land lying at Schaankook in the county of Albany, 
not to exceed forty morgans, beginning where the Road 
comonly called Planke Patt comes in to Hudsons river 
right over Sam'l Doxy's house, running easterly along 
said Planke Patt to the foot of the hill, thence southerly 
along the foot of the hill till it comes opposite to the 
northernmost point of an Island lying in Hudsons river, 
called Stoney Island, thence westward to said Hudson's 
river, and so along said Hudson's river northerly to 
said Planke Patt where first begun; together with a 
certain fflatt or piece of low land on the north side 
of Planke Patt till it comes to a small Kill or Creek, 
which is the southernmost bounds of Jan Christianse's 
land along s d River, for which s d Philip Winne agrees to 
pay thirty pound in manner following, to with Ten pound 
in May 1737, ten pound in May 1738, and ten pounds in 
May 1739, and six Sk: of wheat of yearly rent in the 
months of January or February forever. The first pay- 
ment to begin in January or February 174 J. 

Resolved that the mayor on behalf of the mayor, alder- 
men and comonalty execute deeds for the above men- 
tioned pieces or parcels of land and affix the city seal 
thereto. 

1736, Sept. 29. This day sold to Johannis Knicker- 
backer a certain piece or parcel of wood land, scituate, 
lying and being at Schaahkook in the county of Albany, 
containing twelve morgans, beginning where the old In- 



72 The City Records. 

dian foot road that leads from Schaahkook to Twight- 
kook meets a small run of water at the foot of the hill, 
thence northward along the foot of the hill six hundred 
yards, thence westward two hundred yards, thence south- 
ward to the af ti run of water six hundred yards, thence 
eastward along s d creek to the place where first begun 
two hundred yards, to make in the whole twelve morgans 
and no more. For which said Johan's Knickerbacker 
agrees to pay eighteen pounds, that is to say, nine pounds 
the first day of May next, and nine pounds the first day 
of May 1738. 

Resolved that the mayor on behalf of the mayor, alder- 
men and comonalty execute a deed for the same and affix 
the city seal thereto. 

Pursuant to the directions of the Charter of the city 
of Albany being the day appointed for the electing of 
aldermen, assistants and constables for s d city, the fol- 
lowing persons were chosen, viz: 

First Ward Johannis Tenbroeck and Gerr. v Bent- 
huysen, for aldermen; Isaac Boghaert and Hend'k Bries, 
assistants; Johan's J. Lansingh and Wessel V. Schaick, 
constables. 

Second Ward Hans Hansen and Johan's Roseboom, 
Jun'r, aldermen; Johannis Glen and Douwe Fonda, as- 
sistants; Gerrit Wyngaert and Peter S. Bogardus, con- 
stables. 

Third Ward Leendert Gaansevoort and Ryckart Han- 
sen, aldermen; Anthony Bratt and Peter P. Schuyler, 
assistants; Harme Gaansevoort and Johannis Jacobse 
Lansing, constables. 

Johannis Spoor was appointed high constable for the 
year ensuing. 

Barent Bratt was chosen city chamberlain for the year 
ensuing and ordered to enter into bond w l surety as usual. 

1736, Oct. 4. Edward Holland, Esq., mayor, desired 
of the Comon Council that they would forbear requiring 
the paym' of his bond of twenty pound, payable the 
first day of this instant, till the first day of next ensuing 
October, and that he pay no interest for the same, which 



The City Records. 73 

the Comon Council agree to and desire the same may be 
entered in their minutes. 

The Comon Council agreed to give Jacob Ten Eyck 
time to the fourth day of next October for the payment 
of the two lotts he bought the 31st day of July last, be- 
ing twenty-seven pounds, for which he has this day given 
bond accordingly. 

1736, Oct. 5. The mayor laid before this board copy 
of a Petition and Order of Council for this Corporation 
to be heard before the Council at New York on Thursday 
the 14th instant, on the Caveat entered by this Corpora- 
tion against Jan Wemp's obtaining a Patent for the land 
at Tienenderoge. 

Whereupon it is Resolved that this board think it ab- 
solutely necessary and for the advantage of this city that 
the mayor repair to New York as soon as possible in or- 
der to act, transact and forward all matters and things 
for the advantage of this city, and to defend the Corpo-^ 
ration's right to the lands at Tienenderoge, with full 
power and authority to imploy Council learned in the 
Law, for their advice and assistance, and to give to such 
Council such reasonable fee or reward as he shall think 
proper and necessary, not to exceed twelve pounds. 

Resolved that the mayor shall have eight pounds for 
his trouble and that he shall be further allowed ten shil- 
lings per day for the time he is necessitated to stay at 
New York on the city affairs after the 17th instant, and 
in case the mayor shall expend any money upon neces- 
sary occasions in this affair, that the s d charges shall be 
paid clear and exclusive of his allowance for his trouble. 

Ordered that Barerit Bratt advance twenty pound to 
the mayor for which he is to be accountable at his return. 

Johannis Seger and Zechariah Zieckelsie agreed with 
this board to be watchmen for six months, to commeuce 
the 14th instant, upon the same conditions as before. 

Ordered that Mr. Henry Roster give to Johannis Seger 
a Lanthorn for the use of the Watch, for which the 
Treasurer is to pay six shillings. ,0:6:0 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to Johan's Seger for 



74 The City Records. 

his trouble in cleaning the water Engine, - - 0:6:0 

Resolved by this board that a eomon road be left on 
the west side of the lott sold to Johannis Tenbroeck and 
Peter Dewandelaer the 31st day of July last past, of one 
and a half rodd Rynland measure, for a free passage over 
the foxes creek. 

Resolved that the mayor take w l him to New York the 
original Charter of the city of Albany in case he should 
have occasion for it, in defending the city's right to the 
land at Tienenderoge. 

Johannis Dewandelaer delivered to this board a Peti- 
tion to purchase twenty morgans of land at Schaahkook 
on the south side of Tamhenicks creek. 

Resolved that the same be taken into consideration. 

1736, Nov. 12. This Board ordered Ryckart Hansen 
and Anthony Bratt to go to Schaahkook and view the 
parcels of land that Johan's Dewandelaer, Lewis Viele 
and Nicholas and Wouter Groesbeeck have severally pe- 
titioned for, and to bring Report of the quality, quantity 
and boundaries of said three parcels of land, and to order 
the Petitioners to be here on fryday next to treat about 
the same. 

The following persons were chosen fire masters: 

First Ward Jacob Claes van Woert and John Eaton. 

Second Ward Luykas J'se Wyngaert and Guilleyn 
Verplanck. 

Third Ward Jacob Wendell and Abram Boghaert. 

An order was drawn on Bar 1 Bratt to pay to Joh's Seger 
eight pound and to take his bond payable the 14th Octo- 
ber next, w l interest. 

1736, Nov. 20. This day was sold to Nicholas Groes- 
beeck and Wouter Groesbeeck a certain piece or parcel 
of land lying at Schaahkook in the county of Albany, on 
the south side of Tamhenick creek, beginning at a bitter 
nutt tree which is about one hundred yards to the west- 
ward of the west end of the pasture ground now in the 
possession of the said Nicholas and Wouter Groesbeeck, 
and which said pasture ground lyes on the north side of 
said Tamhenicks creek, running from said bitter nutt 



The City Records. 75 

tree south-westerly along the foot of the hill till a point 
of said hill meets s ' creek and so along s d creek as the creek 
runs to the place where first begun, containing in the whole 
about five or six morgaus, more or less, together with the 
priviledge of running their fence from the opposite part of 
the west end of the Pasture now in their possession over 
the ridge of a hill (that lyes between) to the said bitter 
nutt tree, for which they agree to pay eighteen pounds, 
that is to say, nine pounds in the month of May now next 
ensuing, and nine pounds in the month of May seventeen 
hundred and thirty-eight, as also the yearly rent of two 
fatt hens in the month of January or February, the first 
payment to begin in January or February seventeen 
hundred thirty-seven and eight. 

This day sold to Lewis Viele a certain piece or parcel 
of land lying at Schaakook in the county of Albany on the 
south side of Tamhenecks creek, beginning almost opposite 
to a place comonly called the Kleyne Clay Hill which lyes 
on the north side of said creek, running along the foot of 
the hill circularly till said hill meets the said creek, 
which is between two or three hundred yards from a fall 
in said creek, and so along said creek to the place where 
first begun, containing about six or seven morgans, for 
which he agrees to pay eighteen pounds, that is to say, 
nine pounds in the month of May next, and the other 
nine pounds in the month of May seventeen hundred and 
thirty-eight; as also the yearly rent of two fatt hens in 
the month of January or February, first payment to begin 
in January or February seventeen hundred thirty-seven 
and eight. 

This day sold to Johannis Dewandelaer a certain piece 
or parcel of wood land lying at Schaahkook in the county 
of Albany, on the south side of Tamhenicks creek, 
beginning about fifty yards lower down the creek than 
where Louis Viele's bounds of the land this day sold him 
begins, so running south-westerly along the foot of the 
high hills, which high hills are about six hundred yards 
from the creek, and so along the foot of the hills till it 
comes over against where John Burton used to live, and 



76 The City Records. 

so along said creek as the creek runs to the place where 
first begun, reserving a road of fifty yards broad near 
where Joh's Quackenboss has his tan pitts, for which he 
is to pay forty pounds, viz: twenty pounds in the month 
of May next and twenty pounds in the month of May 
seventeen hundred and thirty-eight, as also the yearly 
rent of two fatt hens in the months of Jan'ry or Feb'ry, 
the first payment to begin in Jan'ry or Feb'ry seventeen 
hundred thirty-seven and eight. The quantity of land 
contained w l in s d bounds is supposed to be twenty-five or 
thirty morgans, more or less. Resolved that the mayor 
in^behalf of the mayor, aldermen and comonalty execute 
de'eds for the three parcels of land above mentioned and 
cause the city seal to be affixed to the same. 

Drawn an order on Barent Bratt to pay to John Heaton 
six shillings. 

The clerk wrote a letter to Barnardus Bratt, by order 
of Comon Council, forbidding him or his brother to 
threaten or molest Simon Danielse in his possession. 
They further acquainted him that he could not but know 
that the land whereon he lived belong'd to them and 
that if he did not come down and agree w l them, they 
would eject him. 

173f , Feb. 18th. This day Jan Wemp appeared be- 
fore this board and desired to agree with the mayor, 
aldermen and comonalty for a certain piece or parcel of 
low land lying at Tiennenderoge in the Mofiawks coun- 
try, now in the possession of the said Wemp, beginning 
at a certain Rock called Ostagrago, on the south side of 
the Mohawks river, and so running up along said river 
till it comes to the stump of a white pine Tree, from 
thence with a streight line towards the Hills over the 
Indian burying place, as the fence now runs to a small 
kill or creek, thence along the said creek as it runns 
to the said rock where first begun; for which he agreed 
to pay the yearly rent of one skipple of good and mer- 
chantable winter wheat in the month of January or Feb- 
ruary yearly, first payment to begin the January or 
February after the said mayor, aldermen and comonalty 



The City Records. 77 

execute a lease for said land. For performance of which 
agreement the said mayor, aldermen and comonalty are 
to enter into articles of agreement w l him interchangea- 
bly to be executed. 

This day the mayor, aldermen and comonalty sold to 
Hugo Viele a certain piece or parcel of land lying at 
Schaahkook on the west side of Tamhenicks creek under 
the hill where the comon road runs over, running along 
under the foot of the hills over the ridge of a hill that 
stretches into said Tamhenicks creek, and so along the 
foot of the hills to the westermost bounds of Nicholas and 
Wouter Groesbeeck's land, containing all the land betwixt 
the said creek and the bourfds above described, which is 
by computation about five morgans of low land besides 
the upland or ridge of the hill abovementioned, for which 
said Hugo Viele is to pay twenty-two pounds, to witt, 
eleven pounds by the delivery of the deed and eleven 
pounds on or before the first day of May 1738, and also 
the yearly rent of one couple of fatt hens in the month 
of Jan'ry or Feb'ry yearly. Resolved that the mayor on 
behalf of the mayor, aldermen and comonalty execute a 
deed for the same and affix the city seal thereto. 

1737, April 30. This day the following ordinances 
were renewed and published, viz: 

1 For regulating Carmen and Porters. 

2 For regulating the Markets. 

3 For the Masters of Vessels. 

4 For cleaning the streets. 

5 For paving the streets. 

6 For preventing disturbances on the Lord's day and 
regulating Negroes. 

The mayor, aldermen and comonalty agreed with John 
Bell to be common whipper for this city for one year, to 
commence on Munday next, being the second day of May 
for the sum of twelve pounds for one year, to be p d by 
the Corporation at two payments, and three shillings 
for every person, white or black, he shall whip. The 
master, mistress or owner to pay for the slaves. For 
due performance of his office he has given a note under 
his hand for twenty pound. 



78 The City Records. 

1737, May 2. The Comon Council order a Letter to 
be writt and sent to the Representatives of the city and 
county of Albany, which was in the words following : 

Gentlemen: Whereas some years past a Petition from 
the Justices of the city and county of Albany, in their 
sessions was laid before the Assembly, praying leave to 
bring in a bill to the house for building a Gaol for said 
city and county, which hitherto has had no effect, we 
pray you may present s d Petition again, being a Court 
House and Gaol is absolutely necessary, insomuch that 
Justice cannot be duly executed for want thereof, your 
care and diligence herein will much oblige, Gentlemen* 

1737, June 27. This day the mayor, aldermen and 
commonalty resolved to make an entertainment for the 
Governour and some company at Mrs. Kitcheners on 
thursday the thirtieth instant, and accordingly sent for 
Mrs. Kitchener and agreed with her to pay two shillings 
and sixpence for every man that eats there. 

1737, July 16. This day sold to Douwe Fonda a lott 
of ground scituate, lying and being in the second ward of 
the city of Albany, ranging on the same course with the 
lower row of houses on the east side of the pearle street, 
beginning three rodd and three feet from the corner lott 
belonging to Jan Maase, and so keeping the same dis- 
tance of three rodd and three feet for the street as far as 
the above sold lott runns, which is to the length of one 
hundred foot Rynland measure, containing in breadth on 
the front fifty feet, in length on both sides one hundred 
feet Rynland measure, and in breadth on the rear fifteen 
foot wood measure, for which lott of ground as above 
described the said Douwe Fonda agrees to pay ninety 
pounds New York money in manner and form following, 
that is to say, thirty pounds the first day of May next en- 
suing, thirty pounds more the first day of May then next 
ensuing, and thirty pounds, the last payment to compleat 
the said sum of ninety pounds the first day of May seven- 
teen hundred and forty, for which he is to give his bond. 

Resolved that the mayor in name of the mayor, alder- 
men and comonalty execute a deed for said lott of ground 
and affix the city seal thereunto. 



The City Records. 79 

1737, August 29. Resolved and order'd by this board 
that the street between Hendrick Ten Eyck's Guilleyn 
Verplanck's and Johannis Bleecker's be so that both 
sides meet with a drain in the middle; also the street 
between Anthony van Schaick's and Johan's Beekman 
to the east corner of the house of Schieboleth Bogardus 
and the lott belonging to Cor's Cuyler, be paved in the 
same manner by the inhabitants, freeholders and citizens 
whose houses or lotts front said street, on or before the 
first day of October now next ensuing, under penalty of 
forty shillings for every week after the s d first day of Octo- 
ber that the same streets shall remain unpaved. Ordered 
that the marshall of this city serve a copy of this resolu- 
tion on every citizen, inhabitant and {freeholder whose 
buildings or lotts of ground front s* d streets. 

Resolved that Johannis Tenbroeck be allowed twenty 

shillinge to make a bridge in the Yoncker street on the 

east side of the well opposite to the widow Livingston's. 

Allowed to Anthony Bratt for making a bridge near to 

the Dutch church, five pounds and two shillings. 

Allowed to Anthony Bratt and Jesse Deforeest three 
pounds twelve shillings, for one year's salary for keeping 
the roads in repair to the 26 June last. 

1737, Sept. 12. Whereas on the eighteenth day of 
February last past, Jan Wemp agreed with this board 
for a certain piece or parcel of low land lying at Tien- 
nenderoge in the Mohawks country, now in the posses- 
sion of the s d Wemp (as in and by the minutes of that 
day may appear), for the yearly rent there mentioned, 
and the said land being now surveyed by Major Jacob 
Glen, who swore y l to the best of his skill and capacity 
s d survey was exactly made, and that the same is bounded 
and contains as followeth, viz: Beginning at the north- 
west corner by the River, running from thence south 
eighty-two degrees east, twenty-six rodd, thence south 
sixty-seven- degrees east twenty-one rodd, twenty-seven 
degrees west thirty-two rodd, thence south forty-five 
degrees east fifty rodd, thence north sixty-five degrees 
east twenty-eight rodd and one half rodd, thence north 



80 The City Records. 

seventeen degrees thirty minutes east sixty rodd, thence 
south seventy-nine degrees east twenty-eight rodd, 
thence north thirty degrees east thirteen rodd and one 
half rodd, thence north sixty-nine degrees east sixty- 
seven rodd, to Drills Cripple Bush, thence north fifty-five 
degrees west ninety-nine rodd to the River, and so along 
the river to the place where first begun, containing in the 
whole twenty-two morgans Rynland measure and no more, 
for which the s d Jan Wemp agreed to pay twenty-two 
skipple of good and merchantable winter wheat in the 
month of January or February yearly, and also covenanted 
to pay one skipple of wheat as afores d for every morgan 
of land which may hereafter happen to be found to be 
contained in the above mentioned piece or parcel of low 
land. 

Sold to Abraham Lansingh a small piece or triangle 
of ground, beginning at the north-west corner of his 
house and so running westerly on the same course with 
his house twenty-seven feet in length, at the end of which 
twenty-seven feet it is two feet and one half foot broad, 
from thence with a streigbt line to the north-west corner 
post of his fence, for which he agreed to pay forty shil- 
lings. 

Sold to Dirck Tenbroeck a certain small piece of 
ground, beginning near the north-east corner of his now 
dwelling house, and so running to where his gate now 
stands, containing in breadth two feet and in length 
thirty-one feet, for which he agreed to pay forty shillings. 

Resolved that the mayor or the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty, execute deeds for the abovementioned ground 
to the abovementioned persons arid affix the city seal to 
the same, and that Jan Wemp give bond under penalty 
of five hundred pounds for performance of his part of his 
agreement. 

1737, Sept. 28. This day the Comon Council made 
an ordinance concerning the electing of two constables 
in each ward, and laying a fine on any inhabitant who 
may be chosen for constable or any other office, and that 
shall deny, neglect or refuse to serve as a constable or 



The City Records. 81 

other officer after being duly chosen or appointed thereto 
and was as follows, viz: 

Be it ordained by the mayor, aldermen and comonalty, 
and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the same, 
that the inhabitants of each ward within this city do meet 
in the most publick and usual place of meeting in their re- 
spective wards, and there by majority of voices elect and 
choose two able and sufficient inhabitants of their re- 
spective wards to serve as constables for the year ensu- 
ing and till others be appointed and sworn in their place. 

Be it further ordained by the authority af d that if any 
person or persons whatsoever being an inhabitant wUn 
this city shall deny, neglect or refuse to serve as a con- 
stable or other officer w l in this city, being duly chosen 
or appointed thereto, shall for every such denial, neglect 
or refusal forfiet and pay the sum of six pounds to be re- 
covered in any court of record to be held within this city 
for the use of the corporation. 

1737, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter this being the day appointed for electing of 
aldermen, assistants and constables to serve for the year 
ensuing, the following persons were chosen, viz: 

First Ward Johannis Tenbroeck and Johannis Van- 
derheyden, aldermen ; Hendrick Bries and Isaac Boghaert, 
assistants; Roeliff Kidney and Harme Bogardus, consta- 
bles. 

Second Ward Hans Hansen and Johannis Roseboom, 
Jun'r, aldermen; Douwe Fonda and John Glen, assist- 
ants; Jacob Bogardus and Isaac Verplanck, constables. 

Third Ward Leendert Gaansevoort and Ryckert 
Hansen, aldermen; Anthony Bratt and Peter Schuyler, 
assistants; Jacob Pruyn and Peter Dewaudelaer, con- 
stables. 

The Comon Council appointed Johannis Js : Lansingh, 
high constable. Barent Bratt, city chamberlain, and 
order 'd him to enter into bond with security as usual. 

1737, Nov. 8. The Comon Council appointed the fol- 
lowing persons fire masters for the year ensuing, viz: 

[Annals, x.] 8 



82 The City Records. 

First Ward Peter v. Alen, Luykas Wyngaert, Jun'r. 

Second Ward Barnardus Harsen, Abraham A. Lan- 
singh. 

Third Ward Jacobus Schuyler and Gerrit J'se Lan- 
singh. 

1737, Nov. 12. This day sold to Jurie Scherp a small 
Vley or meadow lying at Schaahkook in the county of 
Albany, scituated easterly from the now dwelling house 
of the s d Jurie Scherp, beginning under the foot of a hill 
by a black oak tree standing at the south-west end of 
said hill, running westerly about one hundred yards to a 
pitch pine tree, from thence northerly about four hundred 
yards to another pitch pine tree, thence easterly about 
one hundred and fifty yards to a white oak tree under the 
foot of said hills to the place where first begun, contain- 
ing about six morgans or twelve acres, more or less, for 
which he agrees to pay twelve pounds the first day of 
November next, for payment whereof he is to give bond. 
Resolved that the mayor on behalf of the mayor, alder- 
men and comonalty, execute a deed for the same and 
affix the city seal thereunto. 

173J, January 14. Reyer Gerritse and Barent Bratt, 
exe'rs of the last will and testament of John Rosie, late 
of the city of Albany, dec d , appeared before this board 
and acquainted them that the s d John Rosie, by his said 
last will and testament, bequeathed to Roeliff Kidney 
twenty-five pounds to pay for the lott of ground whereon 
his dwelling house now stands, on condition the mayor, 
aldermen and comonalty convey said lott of ground to 
him the s d Roeliff Kidney and his heirs. The lott con- 
tains in length one hundred and twenty foot, in breadth 
thirty-seven foot and a half; bounded on the south by the 
house and lott of Gerrit Bratt and Barnardus Bratt, on 
the east the street on the north the house and lott of 
Jacobus Radliff, charges and writing to be paid out of s d 
twenty-five pounds. Resolved that the mayor on behalf 
of the mayor, aldermen and comonalty execute a deed for 
the same and cause the seal of the s d city to be thereunto 
affixed. 



The City Records. 83 

The following Petition was delivered into the Comon 
Council : 

To the worshipful mayor, aldermen and comonalty of 
the city of Albany in comon council convened. The 
humble Petition of Jacob Boghaert most humbly 
sheweth: 

That whereas there is a piece of unimproved ground 
belonging to the city of Albany, lying on both sides of 
foxes creek on the south side of the Middle Bergh, be- 
ginning where a small creek called the Snider creek runns 
into s d foxes creek, and so running along both sides of 
s d foxes creek till another small creek from the Middle 
Bergh runns into s d foxes creek. 

Your worships Petitioner humbly prays that if said 
piece of unimproved ground be to be disposed off, your 
petitioner humbly prays that he may be permitted to 
treat w l your worships for the same, being willing to 
purchase the same at a reasonable price. And your 
worships Petioner shall ever pray. JACOB BOGHAERT. 

1738, March 28. Resolved by this board that Barent 
Bratt, the city treasurer, sell to the inhabitants of this 
city, who shall require it, one hundred skipple of wheat, 
whereof each family shall have but three skipple, and 
that he keep an exact account of every person's name 
that he sells the same to, and that he take no more than 
three shillings per skipple, but it must be ready money. 

1738, June 3. Resolved by this board that Barent 
Bratt, city treasurer, sell to the inhabitants of this city 
one hundred and fifty skipple of the wheat belonging to 
this corporation at 3s. 3d. per skipple ready money, and 
that he keep an exact acco lt of the names of the persons 
to whom he sells it, and that no family have more than 
one bag. 

1738. July 8. The following Petition was deliver'd 
unto the Common Councill: 

The humble Petition of Nicolas Groesbeeckof Schaah- 
kook in the county of Albany, Humbly sheweth, that 
whereas there is a fall of water upon Tamheneck creek 
at Schaakook, commonly called the fourth fall, fit to 



84 The City Records. 

erect a saw mill on, your Petitioner prays that your 
worships would grant unto him the reversion of the 
said fall together with one morgan of land on each side 
of the said creek and a right to cutt saw logs on the lands 
belonging to the said city at Schaahkook aforesaid near 
the said fall, on such reasonable terms as your worships 
and he shall best agree. And your Petitioner as in duty 
bound shall ever pray. NICOLAS GROESBEECK. 

Resolved by this board that Leendert Gansevoort and 
Dowe Fonda go and view the fall petition'd for by Nico- 
la es Grosbeek and the land near it, that they may be 
able to report to the comonality what land and quantity 
logs there is near said fall. 

Resolved by this board that Barent Bratt, city treas- 
urer, sell to the inhabitants of this city one hundred 
skeple wheat belonging to this corporation at 3s. 3d. per 
sk: ready money, and that he keeps an exact ace 1 of the 
names of the persons to whom he sells it, and that no 
family have more than one bag. 

Peter Viele haveing made application to this board to 
make a dam a little above the mill on Lewis's creek, 
which is granted him accordingly. 

Maria Bratt, widow, pursuant to the tenor of her In- 
denture w l the mayor, aldermen and comonalty ofFer'd to 
them the refusal of her farm for three hundred and ten 
pounds, payable in three years. Resolved by this board 
that the s d Maria Bratt may sell her farm to any other 
person under the same restriction as she bought it, this 
board not being inclined to purchase the same. 

1738, Sept. 1. The following Letter was wrote to 
Collo. Ph. Schuyler, Collo. Jer. Renselaer, Capt. Peter 
Winne, Capt. Rob 1 Livingston, Jun'r, and Arent Bratt, 
Esq., members for the city and county of Albany, viz: 

Gentlemen: We are now to desire the favour of you to 
lay before the assembly the Petition of the Justices of the 
city and county of Albany sent to you some years ago, 
setting forth the necessity we ly under of having a new 
City Hall built for s d city and county, which has lain 
dormant ever since. 



The City Record*. 85 

As you well know the absolute want tbere is of a City 
Hall, we earnestly hope you'll lay it before the house and 
use your endeavour to promote the same and gett a bill 
past for that end. 

Ordered Barent Bratt, the treasurer to sell the remain- 
der of the wheat belonging to the Corporation at three 
shillings per skipple, and that he keep an acco" of the 
names of y e persons to whom he sells, and- that no person 
have more than one skipple at a time. 

The following Petition was sent to the General Assem- 
bly, viz: 

To the Honourable General Assembly of the province 
of New York. The humble Petition of the mayor, 
aldermen and comonalty of the city of Albany hum- 
bly sheweth, 

That your Honours Petitioners humbly conceive that 
it would greatly contribute to the ease and benefit of the 
inhabitants of the city and county of Albany, if the Excise 
of said city and county was lett to farm to y e corporation 
of the city of Albany, and whereas your worships Peti- 
tioners are willing to farm the same for the year ensuing 
at the same rate that it was lett for this present year, 
Your Honours Petitioners humbly pray they may be ad- 
mitted to farm the same as afores d . 

1738, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of the city of Albany, this being the day ap- 
pointed for the electing of aldermen, assistants and con- 
stables for s d city, and also for appointing a chamberlain, 
the following persons were chosen, viz: 

First Ward Johannis Tenbroeck and John Schuyler, 
Jun'r, aldermen; Isaac Boghaert and William Waldron, 
assistants; John Bratt and Andries van Woert, consta- 
bles. 

Second Ward Hans Hansen and Johan's Cuyler, Jun'r, 
aldermen; Douwe Fonda and John Glen, assistants; Jo- 
han's Joh'se Beeckman and Egbert Egbertse, constables. 

Third Ward Leendert Gansevoort and Ryckart Han- 
sen, aldermen; Anthony Bratt and Gerrit C. Vauden- 
bergh, assistants; Anthony Ten Eyck and Hend'k Han- 
sen, constables. 



86 The City Records. 

Barent Bratt was appointed chamberlain for the year 
ensuing and order'd to enter into bond w security as 
usual. 

Adriaen Bratt was appointed high constable. 

1738, October 28. John Lyn.desay, Esq. produced a 
comission under the broad seal of the province of New 
York constituting him high sheriff of the city and county 
of Albany, and took the oaths appointed by law and also 
the oath for the due execution of his office. 

The following persons were appointed fire masters, 
viz: 

First Ward William Hogan, Jun'r and Jacobus v. 
Valkenburgh. 

Second Ward Johan's Beeckman, Jun'r and Johan's 
G. Roseboom. 

Third Ward Abraham Douwe and Cornelis Ten 
Broeck. 

1739, April 21. The following Petition was delivered 
into Comon Council: 

The humble Petition of Evert Saxby humbly sheweth, 
That your Pet'r is inclinable to purchase from your 
Wors'ps a small piece of ground lying on a northerly 
Branch of the Beavers creek, provided your Wor'ps shall 
think fitt to sell the same to your Pet'r. 

Therefore your Pet'r most humbly prays your Worships 
to take the premises into your consideration and to ad- 
mitt your Pet'nr to treat with you at your next meeting 
relating the same, and your Pet'r will pray, &c. 

EVERT SAXBY. 

Resolved to take the above Petition into consideration. 

1739, April 30. The following Petition was delivered 
into Comon Council: 

The humble Petition of Johannis Quackenboss most 
humbly sheweth, That your Worships Pet'nr is inclina- 
ble to purchase a small piece of pasture ground lying at 
Schaahkook, containing about two morgans, lying on the 
south side of his dwelling Jjouse and the north side of 
the road that leads to Stone Arabia, provided your W'ps 
think fitt to sell the same. 



The City Records. 87 

Your W'ps Pet'nr most humbly prays that you will be 
pleased to take the same into consideration and admitt 
your Pet'nr to treat ab l the prem's, and y'r W'ps Pet'r as 
in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Resolved by this board that whereas the Comon Coun- 
cil at their last meetting laid a mulct of six pence for 
every horse, cow, &c. that should be impounded in the 
new pound made by the Min'r, Elders and Deacons of 
the Dutch church, considering that the said mulct is too 
little, inlarge said mulct or fine to eighteen pence for 
each offence. 

Resolved by this board that Cap 1 Edward Clarke be 
presented with his freedom* of this city and that the mayor 
set the city seal thereto and sign it on the one hand and 
the clerk on the other. 

Evert Saxby appeared before this board and pursuant 
to his Petition delivered in at last meeting agreed for the 
piece of ground then petitioned for, for the yearly rent 
of six shillings, to be paid on the first day of May yearly, 
first paym 1 to begin the first day of May 1745. Not to 
be sold by him, his heirs or assigns, unless refusal at the 
lowest price be first given to the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty, and if his peaceable possession be interrupted 
by war no rent is to be paid for the time he is hindered 
or disturbed. 

1739, May 12. This day the Common Council sold to 
Abraham Fort a piece of wood land lying at Schaahkook 
for the consideration of three pounds, to be paid the first 
of February next, containing about four morgan. 

Sold to Isaac ffort a piece of wood land lying at Schaah- 
kook, for the consideration of three pounds twelve shil- 
lings, payable the first day of February next, containing 
in the whole about six morgans. 

Sold to Johannis Ouderkerk, for the consideration of 
fifteen pounds, a piece of wood land lying at Still Water 
on the east side of Hudson's river, containing in the 
whole about ten morgan. 

Sold to Johannis Quackenboss, for the consideration 
of seven pounds, a small Vley or Meadow lying at Schaah- 



88 The City Records. 

kook, about one thousand paces to the southward of the 
house where he now lives, on the east side of the road 
that leads to Stone Arabia, containing about two morgans 
and one eight part of a morgan, to be paid the first day 
of May 1741. 

1739, Sept. 1. This day John Courtney laid before 
this board a Petition praying that he might be admitted 
the benefit of the agreement that Peter De Garmoy made 
with the mayor, aldermen and comonalty the 14th day 
of July 1719, for a lott of ground scituate, lying and be- 
ing at the bottom of the Gallows hill on the south of the 
lott of Jeronimus Van Vlieren, containing in breadth 
thirty-five foot and in length one hundred and twenty 
foot wood measure, and that for the sum of forty pound. 
The Petitioner having satisfied the said De Garmoy for 
his right. 

This board sent for Peter De Garmoy and asked him 
if John Courtney had satisfied him for the improvements 
he had made on said lott of ground, and if he was willing 
that his right should be transferr'd to said Courtney, if 
he paid the consideration money, to which De Garmoy 
answered that Courtney had satisfied him and that he 
desired the said lott of ground might be conveyed to the 
said John Courtney. Then the mayor, aldermen and 
comonalty sold to the said John Courtney the said lott 
of ground scituate, lying and being as af d , bounded now 
the north by the house and lott of ground now in the 
possession of Manus Carlan, on the south by the house 
now in the possession of containing in breadth 

thirty-five foot, and in length one hundred and twenty 
foot wood measure as afores (I , for which the said John 
Courtney agreed to pay the sum of twenty pounds in 
manner following, to witt, six pounds part thereof forth- 
with, seven pounds part thereof the first day of Septem- 
ber 1740, and seven pounds the remainder thereof the 
first day of September 1741, writings to be given him 
when he makes the last paym 1 . 

Sold this day to Johannis Seger, for the sum of twelve 
pounds to be paid six pounds the first day of May now 



The City Records. 89 

next ensuing and the other six pounds the first day of 
May 1741, a certain Jott of wood land scituate, lying and 
being to the westward of the city of Albany on the south 
side of the Ruyten kill. 

1739, Sept. 6. The mayor, aldermen and comonalty 
this day bought from Thomas Williams for and in con- 
sideration of thirteen pounds ten shillings, a certain lott 
of ground on the east side of the city of Albany over 
against the lotts of Albert Ryckman, dec'd and Jacob 
Boghaert, containing in length and breadth five rodd eight 
foot and a half. 

Drawn an order on Barent Bratt, the treasurer, to pay 
to the said Thomas Williams thirteen pounds ten shill- 
ings the consideration mentioned above. 

1739, Sept. 28. Memorandum, That whereas Abra- 
ham Fort of Schaahkook, yeoman, made his complaint to 
this board that part of his land for which he pays an 
yearly rent to this corporation was washed away some 
years ago, yet he has punctually paid the full rent for 
the same hitherto, but prays he may be eased for the 
future according to the quantity lost. 

This board Resolved that as soon as the said Abraham 
Fort makes appear what quantity is lost he shall be 
eased for a proportionable share of the rent. 

1739, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city this being the day appointed for 
electing aldermen, assistants and constables, for s d city 
and also for appointing a chamberlain, the following per- 
sons were chosen and appointed: 

First Ward John Schuyler, Jun'r and Gerrit v. Bent- 
huysen, Esq's, aldermen; William Waldron and Robert 
Lansing, assistants; Richard Martin and Jacobus Van 
Benthuysen, assistants [sic]. 

Second Ward Johannis Cuyler, Jun'r, and Johan's 
Roseboom, Jun'r, Esq's, aldermen; Jolm Glen and Jacob 
H. Ten Eyck, assistants; Johannis Joh's e Lansingh and 
Jacob Ab: Lansingh, constables. 

Third Ward Leendert Gansevoort and Ryckart Han- 
sen, Esq's, aldermen, Anthony Bratt and Johan's Quack- 



90 The City Records. 

enboss, assistants; Jacob Boghaert, Jun'r and Hendrick 
Van Ness, constables. 

Barent Bratt was appointed city chamberlain for the 
year ensuing and ordered to enter into bond w l security 
as usual. 

Hendrick Hansen was appointed high constable. 

1739, Oct. 27. Henry Holland, Esqr. produced a 
comission under the broad seal of the Province of New 
York constituting him high sheriff of the city and county 
of Albany and took the oaths appointed by law and for 
the due execution of said office. 

The following order was made, viz: 

Whereas complaint has been made to this board that 
there lyes a great many stones and rubbish in the narrow 
lane between Jacob Vischer and Jacob Lansingh's, this 
board doth hereby order the said Jacob Vischer and 
Jacob Lansingh to said stones and rubbish to be carried 
away on or before the tenth day of November next under 
the penalty of twenty shillings for every week said stones 
and rubbish shall be in s d lane after the s d tenth day of 
November next. Ordered that Jacob Vischer and Jacob 
Lansingh be each served with a copy of this rule. 

Johannis Lansingh and Jacobus Kidney appointed fire 
masters for the first ward. Michael Bassett and Hen- 
drick Gerritse appointed fire masters for the second ward. 
Cornelis Van Ness and Adam Yates appointed fire mas- 
ters for the third ward. 

1740, April 8. The mayor haveing acquainted this 
board that Collo. Henry Van Rensselaer haveing an ac- 
tion depending in the Supreme Court of the Province of 
New York has desired the said mayor to attend at New 
York with the originall Charter of this city to give evi- 
dence. To which this board agreed. 

1740, May 13. Resolved by this board that a fire en- 
gine be sent for of the same size with that the city now 
hath, and that the mayor with any two of this board 
agree with some proper person to send for one from Eng- 
land as cheap as they can and by the first opportunity. 

Ordered that Barent Bratt sell to the inhabitants of 



The City Records. 91 

this city one hundred sk: wheat at 2s. 3d. per sk: ready 
money, not above 3 sk : to one family, and that he keep 
a particular ace 1 of the same. 

Ordered that seven pounds ten shillings be paid towards 
the repair of the market house in the joncker street, and 
that the mayor order the same to be put in repair. 

Ordered that three pounds be paid for the market in 
the Lower street, and that Leendert Gansevoort and 
Rykaert Hansen order the same to be shingled and keep 
an ace 1 thereof. 

Order'd that five shillings be paid for repairing the 
well in the second ward. 

Order'd that a new house be made for the fire Engine 
by the directions of the mayor. 

Order'd that advertisements be putt up, for any per- 
sons who inclined to make the fence or any part thereof 
round the pasture laid out behind the fort. 

1740, July 16. Resolved by this board that the land 
behind the fort be laid out in acre lotts and that Philip 
Livingston, Jun'r do the same, for which he is to have 
two pistoles, and that Anthony Bratt and Johannis Seger 
carry the chain and drive the stakes att the corner of 
each lott. 

Joh's W. Quackenboss delivered an ace 1 for work done 
to a bridge and well, amounting to two pounds six shil- 
lings and I pence, which was allowed and an order drawn 
on the treasurer to pay the same. 

William Hogan, Jun'r desired this board to give him 
liberty to build a small shed opposite to his house; this 
board grants him leave to build the same and remain 
there during the pleasure of this corporation. 

This day sold to Philip Livingston, Jun'r all the va- 
cant ground lying in the first ward of the city of Albany 
on the plain between the lott of ground formerly sold to 
the Rev. Thomas Barclay and the house and lott of ground 
now in possession of Andries Bratt, as far as s d Bratt's 
lott extends eastwards, and that the mayor execute a 
deed for the same, for eighteen pounds to be paid in two 
payments, the first on the first day of July 1741, and the 



92 The City Records. 

other on the first day of July 1742, for which s d Living- 
ston is to give notes. 

1740, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city, this being the day for electing alder- 
men, assistants arid constables, and also for appointing 
a chamberlain, the following persons were chosen and 
appointed : 

First Ward Gerrit Van Benthuysen, Esq. and Joha's 
Marselis, aldermen; Robert Lansing and Johan's Van 
Veghte, assistants; Benjamin Hilton and Isaac Verplank, 
constables. 

Second Ward John Cuylerand JohnRoseboom, Jun'r, 
Esq., aldermen; John Glen and Jacob H. Ten Eyck, 
assistants; Robert Sanders and Philip Hansen, constables. 

Third Ward Rykaert Hansen, Esq. and Gerret C. 
Vanden Bergh, aldermen ; Anthony Bratt and Simon 
Veeder, assistants; Johannis Ja. Lansing and Abraham 
Js. Fonda, constables. 

Johannis Ten Broeck was appointed city chamberlain 
for the year ensuing. 

Richard Martin was appointed high constable. 

1740, Oct. 14. This day sold to Barent Bratt a piece 
of ground lying in the foxes creek on the east side of a 
lott of ground formerly sold by this corporation to Jillis 
De Garmoy, Harmanus Wendell, David Groesbeek and 
Johannis De Garmoy, and stretches from the said lott 
along the creek twenty-five feet, thence southerly with a 
streight line ten rodd, thence westerly twenty-five feet 
to the lott of ground abovementioned, thence northerly 
along said lott to the place where first begun, for which 
he is to pay three pounds five shillings on the mayor's 
executing a deed for the same. Resolved that the mayor 
for the time being shall execute to s d Bratt a deed for the 
said lot of ground and cause the city seal to be thereunto 
affixed. 

It appeared to this board that Philip Hansen lives in 
the manor of Renselaerswyck, it is ordered that the per- 
son who was next in the number of votes be sworn con- 
stable. 



The City Records. 93 

It also appeared that Richard Martin is Sub-sheriff, 
wherefore Jacobus Van Benthuysen was appointed High 
constable. 

1740, Oct. 31 . John Schuyler Jun'r, Esq. produced to 
this board a comission under the broad seal of the Pro- 
vince of New York, constituting him mayor and clerk of 
the market for the city of Albany, and coroner for the 
city and county of Albany for the year ensuing, and took 
the oaths appointed by law and for the due execution of 
said offices. 

1740, pmo. Nov. Resolved by this board that the seal 
of this corporation shall not be affixed to any deed or 
any other instrument whatsoever except in comon coun- 
cill. 

Johannis Kidney and William Hilton, Jun'r were ap- 
pointed fire masters for the first ward; Dowe Ja. Fonda 
and William Guy Vanden Bergh were appointed fire 
masters for the second ward; Teunis Vischerand Johan- 
nis Yeates were appointed fire masters for the third ward. 

This board agreed with Joh's Seger and Zacharias 
Ziekelse to be Bellmen for the year ensueing, to cry the 
hour at the usual places every night from ten o'the clock 
at night till four in the morning, for which they are to 
have the same sum as last year, but if they perform not 
their parts as above, then it is agreed they shall have 
nothing. 

1740, Nov. 18. Whereas disputes have often arisen 
concerning the votes of severall persons who lodge in one 
ward of this city and exercise their trade, called or occu- 
pation in another ward, it is Resolved by this board that 
all such persons as aforesaid shall for the future chuse 
and be chosen for city officers in the ward wherein they 
use their calling, trade or occupation only, and not where 
they lodge as aforesaid. 

1740, Dec. 27. Upon application made by the Rev d 

Henry Barclay to this Board for a parcell land lying in 

the Mohawks country, given by the Indians to said Mr. 

Barclay, containing about 9 or 10 morgans, this board 

[Annals, x.] 9 



94 The City Records. 

resolves that a deed be executed to the said Mr. Barclay, 
his heirs and assigns for s d land under the reserved yearly 
rent of one skiple good winter wheat per morgan after 
the same is surveyed, which is to be done the next Spring. 

Ordered that a warr 1 be drawn on the chamberlain to 
pay Anthony Bratt fifteen shillings. 

174-f , January 12. A Petition of Abra. Lansingh, Jun'r 
for a small spot of ground near his Father's was read, 
which this board refers to farther consideration. 

Ordered that the block house near Maritje Gerritse's 
be put in repair to keep the watch in, and that Isaac 
Bogaert do the same. 

Resolved that this corporation find wood and candles 
for the watch. 

1741, April 7. Resolved that the treasurer of this 
city send down money to pay the Quit Rent due from 
the city for their Charter and the Schaahkook patent, 
and that a rec' be taken for the same to 25th March last. 

1741, April 24. Ordered that the clerk write to Mr. 
Nicolaes Schuyler to come down to survey lands for this 
city at Schaahkook. 

Ordered that the clerk put two advertisements that 
this corporation design to put out the new Pasture on 
the hill in small parcels for a term of years, and that all 
persons inclined to take any of the same may come and 
agree with the Comon Council this day week. 

1741, April 27. Resolved and agreed with Mr. Nico- 
laes Schuyler to run round the bounds of Schaahkook 
patent and the release from the patentees of Saraghtoge 
to the city, and that he makes a draught of the same, for 
which he is to have twelve pounds. 

Resolved that Rich d Hansen, Esq. and Mr. Anthony 
Bratt go with Mr. Schuyler. 

1741, May 8. Resolved that this corporation make a 
present of eight pounds to the church at Schaahkook, and 
that the clerk draw an order on the chamberlain to pay 
the same to Mr. Lewis Viele, - - - 8:0:0 

That Johan's Seger be allowed for his ser- 
vices for Bellman for 6 months, - - - 8:6: 



The City Records. 95 

Zacharias Ziekelse for do. service, 8:6: 
That Anthony Bratt be allowed for his ser- 
vices on the survey to Schaahkook, for 7 days 

at 6s. per day, 2:2: 

To his Son at 3s. 1:1: 

That Richard Hansen, Esq. be allowed for 

his attendance on the survey 7 days at 6s. 2:2: 

for his Negro man at 3s. - 1:1: 

for Butter bought at Schaahkook, - - 0:2:11 

31:0:11 

Resolved that the clerk draw an order to pay the same. 

This day sold to Everf Sixbury the lott of ground 
lately belonging to Abraham Vosburgh, for 26: 6 
ready money and the remaining 20 in 4 years, with an 
annual reserve of 3s. per annum. 

1741, August 25. An ordinance was published, viz 1 : 
Be it ordained by the worshipfull mayor, aldermen and 
commonality of the city of Albany, in Comon Council 
conveen'd, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of 
the same, That whereas disputes have arisen in this city 
concerning the electing of constables within the same, 
and it appears to us that it is necessary that two con- 
stables be yearly chosen in each ward within the same, 
it is hereby ordained by the authority aforesaid, that on 
the twenty-ninth day of September next shall be chosen 
in each respective ward within this city two petty con- 
stables, of which the aldermen present shall make their 
return with the rest of the officers. Dated in Albany, 
y e 25th August, 1741. 

1741, Sept. 25. This day a Corporation Law was 
made to prevent masters of vessells from bringing stran- 
gers into this city without giveing due notice. Vide Book 
of ordinances. 

1741, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city, this being the day for electing alder- 
men, assistants and constables, and also for appointing 
a chamberlain, the following persons were chosen and 
appointed: 



96 The City Records. 

First Ward Johannis Marselis and Hendrick Cuyler, 
aldermen ; Robert Lansingh and John Van Veghte, assist- 
ants ; John Williams and Henry Ten Broeck, constables. 
Second Ward John Roseboom, Jun'r and Jacob Ten 
Eyck, aldermen; John Glen and Jacob H. Ten Eyck, 
assistants ; Philip Hansen and Abraham Lansingh, Jun'r, 
constables. 

Third WardGerret C. Van den Bergh and Gerret 
Lansingh, aldermen, Anthony Brat and Simon Veeder, 
assistants; Gerret G. Lansing, Jun'r and Cornelis Guys. 
Van den Bergh, constables. 

Joh's Ten Broeck was chosen and appointed city cham- 
berlain for the year ensueing and ordered to enter into 
security as usual. 

Joh's Seger was appointed marshal for the ensueing 
year. 

1741, Nov. 12. The following persons were appointed 
fire masters for the year ensueing: 

First Ward Robert Barret, Joh's M. Flensburgh. 
Second Ward Nicolaes Bleeker, Jun'r, Jacob Glen. 
Third Ward Jan Winne, Harme Huri. 
1741, Nov. 23. John Depeyster, Esq. produced to this 
board a cornission under the great Seal of the Province 
of New York constituting him mayor and clerk of the 
market of the city of Albany, and coroner for the city 
and county of Albany for this ensueing year, and took 
the oaths by law appointed and for the due execution of 
his respective offices. 

Mr. Depeyster being sworn, the Comon Councill re- 
solves that the city seal shall not be affixed to any in- 
strument except in Comon Councill, lycences to tavern 
keepers only excepted. 

1741, Nov. 28. Resolved that the chamberlain sell 
the remainder of the city's wheat in his custody to the 
poorer sort of people at 4s. per sk. ready money and not 
above 3 sk. to one family, and when they are supplyed 
to sell the remainder at 4s. 9d. to other persons and not 
above 3 sk. to one person, and that he do not sell the 
same till Tuesday in the afternoon. 



The City Records. 97 

The corporation agreed with Johannis Seger for his 
service in cutting firewood, making fire and warming the 
six watches of volunteers from the 15th January last, till 
the 15th January next, for 9 and 1 pr. shoes and at the 
same rate for shorter or longer time. 

1741, Dec. 15. Ordered that the clerk draw a war- 
rant to Joh's Ten Broeck, city chamberlain, to pay Job's 
Seger the sum of one pound ten shillings. 

Ordered that the clerk make out a writt ag l John Bor- 
ghaert and Ryck 1 Hanseii, and sign the same in behalf of 
the Comon Council!. 

This board make a calculation of what Stockadoes 
were wanting, and desired each inhabitant, by their 
marshal, to ride a certain number in case of need. 

174J, Jan'y 16. Agreed that Johannis Wyngaert sup- 
ply the watch kept in the first ward of this city with fire 
wood at 2s. 6d. per load, to be delivered at the block 
house. That Guilleyn Verplank supply the watch kept 
in the second ward at the same rate, and Anthony Bratt 
the w.atch kept in the third ward. 

The following clause was added to the ordinance for 
the due observation of the Lord's day and the regulating 
of negro slaves: Be it further ordained, by the authority 
af*, that no person or persons, whether free or slave, of 
age or not of age, shall presume to fetch water out of the 
river or any of the wells or fountains within this city in 
time of divine service or preaching on the Lord's day, 
upon penalty of one shilling, to be paid by the master, 
mistress or parents of such slaves, bondmen or children 
as shall presume to transgress this law, or else to be put 
in the stocks not exceeding six hours; to be recovered or 
punished before the mayor, recorder or any one of the 
aldermen of this city for the use of the constable or any 
other person complaining of the same. 

1742, March 29. The mayor laid before this board a 
Letter from his Hon'r the Lieu 1 Gov'r, desiring him to 
request the corporation to pay the cartidge of some canon 
and other warlike stores sent from New York to this 
place for the use of the fort, not doubting but the Assem- 



98 The City Records. 

bly at their next meeting will allow and repay the same. 

Resolved that the above cartidge be paid out of the 
money belonging to this corporation, and that the charge 
thereof be laid before the Assembly at their next meeting. 

Resolved that Alderman Roseboom and Aldermen Van 
den Bergh take an acc d of the stores abovementioned. 

Resolved that the block house in the first ward, near 
the house of Joh's Wyngaert, be put in repair. 

1742, April 26. This board agreed with John Bell to 
be public whipper for this city. To whip all offenders 
when and as often as he shall be thereunto required by 
the authority of this city, for the sum of twelve pounds 
per annum, to be paid each half year; he is also to whip 
the slaves of any person, when desired, for the customary 
fees, his time to commence pmo. May, and if he does not 
execute said office to the satisfaction of this corporation, 
then to be paid off by the time pro rato. 

1742, May 8. Ordered that the treasurer pay Jacob 
Ten Eyck, Esq. two pounds for 60 boards which he 
bought for the use of a block house and 2s. 6d. for J a 
gall. Rum, and that the clerk draw an order on the 
treasurer to pay the same. 

Ordered that the treasurer pay John Roseboom, Jun'r, 
Esq. one pound two shillings and eight pence for an ace 1 
of sundries, and that the clerk draw an order on the 
treasurer to pay it. 

Ordered that the treasurer sell 50 sk. wheat belonging 
to this corporation, at 3s. 6d. per sk. to poor people, 3 sk. 
to a family, and only to such as have a note from the 
mayor, recorder or any of the aldermen. 

This board agreed with Johannis Flensburgh to sett up 
300 Stockadoes, to dig and put them in the ground as 
usual, to fix them to laths and sqare them as they ought 
to be, and not to leave on any of the bark. 

1742, May 13. Whereas the Bakers of this city have 
made complaint to this board that they can not afford 
their bread according to the ordinance published on the 
26 ultimo, therefore this board have taken it into consid- 
eration and agree that the Bakers make their bread of 



The City Records. 99 

the weight and for the price hereunder-raentioned: A loaf 
of the finest flour to weigh 1 Ib. for 2d. A loaf of do. 2 
Ib. for 4d. A wheaten loaf, the coursest bran only taken 
out, to weigh 3 Ib for 4d. Do. 6 Ib. for 8d. 

1742, Aug. 21. This board sold to Isaac Fryer apiece 
of ground lying upon the plain behind his lott, for which 
he is to pay five pounds when the deed is executed for 
the same and five pounds a year after, for which last five 
pounds he is to give his note, and he is to pay for the 
deed. The deed is to be executed the next fall and the 
mayor is to execute the same in behalf of the corporation 
and to fix the seal thereto. 

1742, August 28. This board agreed with William 
Bromley, that he should have the house upon the Gallows 
hill in which Samuel Drury now lives, for one year, for 
which he is to pay ten shillings and to keep the house, 
stable and fence in good repair. 

This board appointed Gerret C. Vanden Bergh and 
Johannis Van Veghten to go with the Jury who are to 
view the premises in the action of the corporation ag 1 
Barnardus Bratt, and that they hire a Battoe and hands 
to carry up some evidences and necessarys for the Jury, 
and they are to gett provisions at Simon Daniels's, for 
which they are to be paid and likewise for their trouble, 
what is reasonable. 

A petition of Luykas Job's Wyngaert was read, pray- 
ing to purchase from this corporation a piece of ground 
lying to the westward of a lott formerly sold by this cor- 
poration to Barent Sanders, in the first ward of the city 
near Evert Wendell's house, which this board takes into 
consideration and think it inconvenient to sell the same, 
as being too near the Fort. 

1742, Sept. 21. This board allowed Johannis Flens- 
burgh the sum of sixteen pounds two shillings in full for 
an account of 16:6:10, and five shillings for another 
account to said Flensburgh and ordered that the clerk 
draw an order on the treasurer to pay the same. 

This board agreed with Jacobus Kidney for a piece of 
ground lying and being in the first ward of this city, on 



100 The City Records. 

the plain behind or to the northward of the lott of ground 
on which he now lives, for which he is to pay ten pounds 
eleaven shillings and the mayor is to execute a deed for 
the same in behalf of this corporation, for which said 
Jacobus Kidney is to pay and for writing the same. 

1742, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city, this being the day appointed for 
electing aldermen and assistants and constables, and also 
for appointing a chamberlain and marshal, the following 
persons were chosen and appointed: 

First Ward Hendrick Cuyler and John Marselis, 
aldermen; John Van Veghten and Robert Lansingh, as- 
sistants; Peter Jones and Joseph Yates, constables. 

Second Ward John Roseboora, Jun'r arid Jacob Ten 
Eyck, aldermen ; John H. Ten Eyck and John R. Bleeker, 
assistants. 

Third Ward Gerret C. Van den Bergh and Gerret 
Lansingh, aldermen; Anthony Bratt and Gerardus Groes- 
beek, assistants; John Wittbeek and John Gansevoort, 
constables. 

Johannis Ten Broeck was appointed chamberlain. 

John Witbeek was appointed high constable and Jo- 
hannis Seger was appointed marshal for the year ensue- 
ing. 

1742, Sept. 30. The following ordinance was pub- 
lished : 

Whereas the ordinance formerly made by the mayor, 
aldermen and comonality of this city for the electing two 
constables in each ward of the city is expired by its own 
limitation, it is hereby ordained by the mayor, aldermen 
and comonalty of this city that on the 29th day of Sep- 
tember next shall be chosen in each of the wards of this 
city two petty constables, of which the aldermen of each 
ward or any of them shall make their return with the 
rest of the city officers. 

And whereas the inhabitants of the second ward of 
this city have neglected to chuse constables on the 29th 
instant, it is hereby ordained by the authority aforesaid, 
that the aldermen of the said ward shall to-morrow, be- 



The City Records. 101 

ing the first day of October, hold an election for two 
petty constables for said ward, and the persons that shall 
then be chosen and elected, shall be obliged to serve the 
said office as well as if they had been chosen on the 29th 
September aforesaid. 

And l>e it further ordained that for the future, upon 
the death, removal out of the city, refusall to serve, or 
other disability hapning to any constable or constables, 
who are already or shall hereafter be elected for the city 
of Albany, that the mayor, aldermen and comonality in 
Comon Council convened, shall order and appoint such 
convenient time as they shall think proper throughout 
the year for the inhabitants of said city in such respective 
ward or wards where such vacancy shall happen, to meet 
together and make another election untill the usuall 
time for electing, which inhabitants are hereby author- 
ized to make such election in manner and form as is used 
in the anneversary election, and which constable or con- 
stables so chosen and elected shall be chosen and have 
power to execute their respective offices as fully and in 
like manner as if they had been elected and sworn at the 
anneversary election. 

And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, 
that if any person or persons that are or hereafter shall 
be elected to serve as constable, and shall neglect or re- 
fuse to serve in the same office shall pay a sum not ex- 
ceeding five pounds fine, and if any person that is or 
hereafter shall be appointed high constable by this cor- 
poratitfn and shall neglect or refuse to serve in said office, 
he shall also pay a sum not exceeding five pounds, and 
upon refusall to pay the said money that then it shall be 
levied by distress on the goods and chatties of the person 
so neglecting or refusing to serve, by warrant of the 
mayor under the seal of this city, directed to any or all 
the constables of this city; which fine shall be paid to the 
treasurer of this city for the publick use of the same. 
Dated in Albany the 30th September, in the sixteenth 
year of his Maj's reign, 1742. 

1742, Oct. 4. This board sold Jacobus Hilton a piece 



102 The City Records. 

of ground lying in the first ward of this city on the plains 
behind the lott on which he now lives, for which he is to 
pay at the same rate that Isaac Fryer agreed for his, and 
the mayor is to execute a deed for the same and affix the 
city seal thereto in behalf of this corporation. 

This board agreed with Robert Lansingh to keep the 
fire Engine in order and repair at 26s. per annum. 

This board appointed the mayor, recorder, Gerret 
Vanden Bergh and Jacob Ten Eyck a committee to ad- 
vise with the attorneys about the law suit with Barnar- 
dus Bratt. 

1742, Oct. 6. This board allowed a sum to shingle 
every market house in this city, such a sum as will be 
requisite to do the same, provided it does not exceed 
eight pounds to each market house. 

The Comon Councill ordered that Hendrick Van Ness 
be reimbursed for what he advanced at New York for an 
examplification of a patent granted by Collo. Ingoldby to 
Eghbert Teunisse, &c. 

This board Resolved that a street shall remain for the 
publick use of this city to the north of the house and lott 
of Abraham Lansingh in the second ward of this city, 
the whole length of his lott, the street to be 45 broad. 

1742, Oct. 14. Cornelius Cuyler, Esq. produced to 
this board a comission under the great Seal of the Pro- 
vince of New York, constituting him mayor and clerk of 
the market for the city of Albany and coroner for the 
city and county of Albany for the year ensueing year, and 
took the oaths by law appointed and for the due execu- 
tion of his respective offices. 

1742, Oct. 28. John Depeyster, Esq. delivered to the 
present mayor the city papers and seal, except three pa- 
pers which he says are in the hands of Mr. Benj. Nicoll, 
and a copy of an Indian Purchase of Saraghtoge ; the 
deeds Mr. Nicolls are viz : 

From Mr. Henry V. Renselaer to the corporation for 
lands at Schaahkook, dated 18th AugS 1699. 

A Patent from Gov'r Fletcher to s d Renselaer, dated 
29th March, 1698. 



The City Records. 103 

A Deed from Simon Danielse for rent of a Water Run, 
dated 28 feb. 171;;. 

Resolved by this board that the city Seal shall not be 
affixed to any instrument relating to the Comon Council 
of this city or to which they are parties, except in Comon 
Councill. 

Agreed with Leendert Gansevoort for the fore part of 
his house in the third ward of this city with the appur- 
tenances thereunto belonging, from this time to the first 
day of May next, for 40s. and he to pay the tax. 

This board resolves to drink the King's health on Sat- 
urday next at the house of John Waters. 

1742, Nov. 16. Ordered that the clerk draw a war- 
rant on the treasurer to pay John Depeyster, Esq. two 
pounds for so much money Hendrick Van Ness paid at 
New York for the use of the corporation for an exampli- 
fication of a patent granted to Eghbert Teunise, &c. 

Ordered likewise that the clerk draw a warrant on the 
treasurer to pay Peter Winne, Esq. five shillings for so 
much he paid for the copy of an Act of Assembly. 

The following persons were appointed fire masters for 
theensueing year: 

First Ward Sybrant A. Van Schaick and Gerret Joh's 
Lansing. 

Second Ward Robert Sanders and Barent Ten Eyck. 

Third Ward Jacob Jo. Groesbeek and Eghbert B. 
Eghbertse. 

1742, Nov. 27. Mr. Nicolls delivered to the mayor 
the four written instruments mentioned in the minutes 
y e 28 October last. 

The following Letter was wrote to his Honour the 
Lieut. Governour: 

May it please your Hon'r, 

Sir Pursuant to the directions of an Act of Generall 
Assembly of this Province, we transmitt to your Honour a 
draft of the city of Albany for your Honour's approbation 
which was delivered to us according to the directions of 
said act by the gentlemen by whose direction the same 
was made, we desire if your Honour approve of the same 



104 The City Records. 

that you would be pleased to signify your approbation 
as soon as conveniently may be, that we proceed therein 
as the s d Act directs. We are. 

This board allowed Johannis Seger 10s. for his and his 
two sons' trouble in chain bearing, and order the clerk 
to draw an order on the treasurer to pay the same. 
.1742, Dec. 24. This board rec'd a Letter from his 
Honour the Lieut. Governour in answer to theirs of the 
27th of last month, wherein he approves of the draft of 
the city of Albany then sent down to him. 

1742, Dec. 28. This board doth compute that four 
thousand Stockadoes are wanting and necessary to be 
gotten in order for the finishing and completing the forti- 
fications of this city. 

Guyleyn Verplank petitioned for a pice of ground in 
the foxes creek; this board resolved that said petition 
be taken into consideration at a future meeting. 

This board allowed Johannis Flensburgh an account of 
3 new chairs and mending some old, the sum of 11s. 7Jd. 
and order the clerk to draw an order on the chamberlain 
to pay the same. 

Johannis Wittbeek, who was chosen one of the consta- 
bles for the third ward of this city being dead, this board 
order that the aldermen of said ward do keep an election 
for another constable for said ward on Friday next at the 
usual place. 

This board allowed Is. 6d. to Hester Beekman for J 
days work of her Negro man and order the clerk to draw 
an order on the treasurer to pay the same. 

174, January 6. This board Resolved that the cham- 
berlain write to the persons hereunder named to come 
and pay what they owe to the corporation by the first of 
February next, which if they neglect to do, then the 
mayor order them to be prosecuted for the same: Jochim 
Ketelhuyn, Philip Winne, Arent Vandyck, Dowe Fonda, 
Maria Winne, Marte Dellemont, Jochem Ketelhuyn, Pe- 
ter Benneway, Peter Doxy, Leend 1 Van Veghten, Hugo 
Viele, Peter Viele, Volkert Douwe. 

174f , March 9. Anthony Bratt designing in a few 



The City Records. 105 

days to go to Schaahkook, this board agreed with him 
to view some loggs that Abraham Fort has cutt there on 
the lands belonging to this corporation with order, and 
the loggs that Harme Van Veghten has cutt without 
order, and that he tell the said Veghten that unless he 
pays Is. 3d. for each logg, he must expect to be putt to 
trouble. 

Prdered that s d Bratt have 3 sk. wheat for his trouble 
herein. 

174, March 16. Simon Danielse presented a petition 
to this board for a piece of land at Schaahkook and a 
run of water, he being inolined to purchase the same, 
which this board refers for farther consideration. 

Mr. Bratt being returned from Schaahkook, says that 
Harme and Teunis Van Veghten have cutt 62 saw loggs 
in the city's right and Abraham Fort about 80. This 
board resolves that the mayor take from them one shil- 
ling for each logg. 

Teunis Van Veghten informed this board that Abra- 
ham Fort has cutt 97 saw loggs in the city's right. 

174J, March 18. Harme Van Veghten, Teunis Van 
Veghten and Marte Winne petitioned this board for pri- 
viledge to build a mill on the second fall on Tamhenick 
creek at Schaakook and to cutt saw loggs in the city's 
Fight, which priviledges they incline to hire from s d city. 

This board agreed with Harme Van Veghten, Teunis 
Van Veghten and Marte Winne for priviledge to build a 
saw mill on Tamhenick creek at the second fall on said 
creek, with priviledge of the water Run on said creek as 
is necessary for said mill, also priviledge to ly their saw 
loggs and boards convenient near the mill and priviledge 
to cutt 400 saw loggs yearly on the lands belonging to 
the said city, which priviledge they and their heirs andJ 
assigns to have from this day for twenty years to come, 
they or their heirs, executors, adm'rs paying for the same- 
yearly to this corporation ten pounds, the first payment 
to bo made the 18th day of March, 174 J. They are not 
to saw more than the said 400 loggs yearly on the said- 

[Annals, x.] 10 



106 



The City Records. 



mill, and at the expiration of the 20 years the mill with 
all the appurtenances are to belong to this corporation 
in the same order it is in before they saw the last loggs 
upon it; and in case the said saw mill should happen to 
come down, they or their heirs or assigns shall have leave 
to build a new one under the same restrictions and rent 
that is abovementioned, and that as often as any such 
accident shall happen, that they are to pay the tax for 
said mill during the said 20 years. That in case of 
a French or Indian war, so that they can't saw loggs 
upon said mill, they are not to pay any rent during such 
time. 

Teunis Van Veghten petitioned for a piece of land at 
Schaahkook, which was referred to farther consideration. 
1743, April 11. Mr. Roseboom and Mr. Bratt having 
been at Schaahkook to view a parcell land petitioned for 
by Simon Danielse and another by Teunis Van Veghten, 
bring their returns of the same upon paper. 

The clerk was ordered to 
draw on the Treas'r to pay the 
foll'g sums: 

To Mr. Ed. Collins for a fee 
ag l Ja. Glen ab l the Court 
house, - - ,1:10 
To Job's Myndertse for 

iron work to the stocks, 7 
To Mr. Roseboom and 
Mr. Bratt for going to 
Schaachkook to view 
lands, each 20s. - 2: 

3:17 

1743, April 20. This board sold Simon Danielse a 
piece of ground lying at Schaahkook, containing about 
25 morgans, for which he is to pay ten pounds upon ex- 
ecuting of the deed, and twelve skiple of good merchant- 
able Winter wheat yearly for ever, on the 20th April, 
the first payment to be made the 20th April 1746; he is 
also to pay for the deeds. He is not to make any other 




The City Records. 107 

mill on the crek q 1 . within the bounds of this land than a 
Griss mill and not to boalt any flour ground on said mill 
for sale. 

This board drew up a Petition to the members of the 
Assemby in General Assembly convened, viz 1 : 

The Humble petition, &c., Humbly sheweth, 

That whereas your Petitioners by an Act of the 
General Assembly passed in the present sixteenth year 
of his majesties reign, were impowered to assess a suffi- 
cient number of Stockadoes on the inhabitants of this 
city and to put the same in a posture of defence, your 
petitioners have accordingly in every article proceeded 
according to the directions of the said Act, as far as their 
ability reaches, but your Petitioners beg leave to repre- 
sent to the Honourable House the great hardships they 
labour under, being oblidged by the said Act to make all 
the necessary fortifications directed by the same at the 
charge of the city only, which we declare we are not able 
to do, and therefore pray the the Hon'ble House to con- 
sider how very reasonable it is that the county of Albany 
at least should assist this city, which is really the fron- 
tier of all North America, and it is very plain and evi- 
dent that this is the only place if fortifyed as it ought to 
be, that must and can protect the people of the county 
with their wives and children in case of a french war, 
and prevent the enemy from overrunning the whole 
country, which must evidently be the case if the city is 
left defenceless. 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray the Honourable 
House to take into consideration and to pass an Act, 
that the sum of three hundred pounds be raised as speedy 
as may be, upon the inhabitants of the city and county 
of Albany (except Schinechtady and the Mohawks river) 
in the same proportion as the quota was last year divided, 
to enable your petitioners to proceed in the fortifying the 
said city, which said sum of three hundred pounds will 
however come very far short of what will be wanted. 

1743, April 21. This board compounded with Maria 
Winne for 160 sk. wheat she ows this corporation, for 



108 The City Records. 

which they have agreed to take 18, for which sum her 
son Marte Winne has passed his bond payable in two 
years. 

1743, May 3. This board ordered the clerk to draw 
an order on the treasurer to pay to Kiliaen Van Kense- 
laer 1 3: 12:3, for a p. of ground he sold to this corpora- 
tion, lying near the Dutch church: 

Ordered that the clerk draw an order on the treasurer 
to pay John Bell 6, for the last half year service as 
publick whipper, to the first instant. 

This board agreed with John Bell for the year ensue- 
ing to be publick whipper upon the same terms he agreed 
last year for twelve pounds, and said Bell agreed with 
this board that they pay 3:10 of his salary for the year 
to come to Mr. Depeyster, and 1:10 to Jacob Ten Eyck, 
and to Elizabeth Van Olinda 3 for house hire for the 
year to come for said Bell, and that their respective rec'ts 
shall be a discharge to the corporation for so much of 
his salary as those sums amount to. 

1743, June 18. This board allowed an ace 1 of Leendert 
Gansevoort for a barrel beer, 18s. and for house hire 40s. 
and ordered the clerk to draw an order on the treasurer 
to pay the same. 

1743, June 20. This board ordered the clerk to draw 
an order on the treasurer to pay Schiboleth Bogardus 6s. 
Johannis Knickerbacker for his trouble to come down 
from Schaachkook, 12s., and to Anthony Bratt 9s. for 
his trouble to fetch down said Knickerbacker. 

The following Letter was wrote to Collo. Philip 
Schuler: 

Collo. Schuyler: Sir Although severall complaints 
have been made to you as Colonel, that most of the 
watches in this city are very negligently kept, and some 
do not watch at all, and it was hoped you would have 
given the necessary orders herein, yet no orders have 
been given, we are of opinion that if stricter orders are 
not given to the Captains, that you had better order 
them to give over watching entirely, that we might know 
what we have to depend on, and take the necessary reso- 



The City Records. 109 

lutions accordingly. We desire you will signify your 
intentions herein. We are. 

1743, June 30. The mayor executed a deed to Symon 
Danielse for a piece of ground at Schaahkook, sold him 
20th April last. 

1743, July 12. This board ordered the mayor to ex- 
ecute a deed to Jacobus Hilton for a piece of ground sold 
him by this corporation on the 4th of October last, being 
broad twelve feet ten inches and an half English measure, 
and the same length as expressed in the minutes of that 
day and bounded in the same manner, wherefore he is to 
pay four pounds twelve shillings. 

Resolved that the clerk draw an order on the chamber- 
lain to pay Cornelia Schuyler 1:19:2, for the ballance 
of an ace 1 of her husband, deceased, and 2s. to Cornelius 
Bogaert. 

1743, July 13. Resolved that this board allow 6 
towards repairing a well near the English church in the 
first ward and laying a drain from the spring near the 
fort, which is to be paid to Hend'k Cuyler when the work 
is done. The work is to be finished before the first of 
October next. 

This board Resolved that the aldermen of the second 
ward order a drain to be made in the street from oppo- 
site to the house of Jacob Ten Eyck to the street at Ger- 
rit Marselius house, at the charge of the corporation. 

Resolved that a bridge near the house of Mrs. Kitchiner 
be repaired at the charge of the corporation. 

1743, July 30. Robert Lansing was appointed the 
sealer or stamper of weights and measures in this city, 
and was sworn to seal or stamp all weights and measures 
pursuant to the ordinance this day published relating 
thereto, according to the best of his knowledge. 

The city weights and liquid measures were accordingly 
delivered to the said Robert Lansingh. 

1743, Aug. 13. Gerret Lansingh and Anthony Bratt 
agreed to sett up the Stockadoes from the gate as you 
go to Schinechtady to the top of the hill in the pasture 
of Elbert Gerritsae along the line of the city as it was 



110 The City Records. 

last laid out to be fortified, for ten pence half penny each 
Stockadoe, that is to say: To square them on two sides, 
take of all the bark, put them three feet in the ground, 
and work a ribb into them three feet from the topp, and 
to putt a large pinn in every Stockadoe thro' the ribb; 
to make them square under and sharp above, and to make 
loop holes at such convenient distances as the mayor, 
recorder, and aldermen shall direct, for small arms. 

Guysbert Vanden Bergh agreed to sett up 600 Stocka- 
does for 12d. each in the manner abovesaid, to begin at 
the south side of the fort and so towards the Rutten Kill. 

This board agreed with William Bromley that he keep 
the house he now lives in another year, and that the rent 
of last year and the year to come be given him for the 
repair of said house, for which he is to repair the roof. 

1743, Aug. 18. Barnardus Bratt agreed with this 
board to sett up 500 Stockadoes, beginning from the 
Blockhouse that stands behind the lime kiln of Luykas 
Hooghkerk and so along the line of the city so far until 
it takes up 500 Stockadoes to putt them in the same 
manner as agreed with Ger 1 Lansing the 13th instant, 
for 100 whereof he is to have 12d. and for the remaining 
400, each lO^d. 

Lambert Redliff, Evert Sixbury and Peter Jones and 
William Hilton, Jun'r agreed to sett 500 Stockadoes for 
lO.^d. each, in the manner abovesaid, to begin upon the 
plain as they shall be directed by the mayor, recorder 
and aldermen. 

This board agreed with Kiliaen Winne to remove the 
block house that stands in the pasture of Elbert Gerritse, 
lower down as he shall be ordered and to make a new 
roof and to find all the materials that shall be wanting 
to said block house, for the sum of thirteen pounds four 
shillings. 

1743, Sept. 26. The mayor and aldermen directed two 
warants to the sheriff under their hands and seals to 
summon two Jurys, the one to appraise the ground of 
Elbert Gerritse and the other the ground of Wilhellmua 
Vanden Bergh, on which the fortifications of this city 



The City Records. Ill 

are directed to be built, they not being willing to sell the 
same at a reasonable price. As also a warrant for a jury 
to apprize the ground of the heirs of Cornelius Van 
Schelluyne. 

1743. Sept. 27. Pursuant to the warrants directed 
by the mayor and aldermen to the high sheriff on the 
26th instant, the Jurys viewed and appraised the ground 
of Elbert Gerritse at thirty pounds. 

The ground of Wilhellmus Vanden Bergh at eleven 
pounds ten shillings. 

The ground of the heirs of Cornelius Van Schelluyne 
at four pounds. 

1743, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city, this being the day appointed for 
electing aldermen, assistants and constables and for ap- 
pointing a chamberlain and marshal, the following per- 
sons were chosen and appointed: 

First Ward Johannis Marselis and Jacob C. Ten 
Eyck, aldermen; John Van Veghten and Philip Living- 
ston, Jun'r, assistants; John Jo. Wendell and John Fryer, 
constables. 

Second Ward Jacob Ten Eyck and Nicolaes Bleeker, 
Jun'r, aldermen ; John H. Ten Eyck and John R. Bleeker, 
asisstants; John M. Roseboom and Philip Hansen, con- 
stables. 

Gerret C. Vanden Bergh was chosen and appointed 
chamberlain for the ensueing year. 

John Jo. Wendell was appointed high constable. 

Johannis Seger was apointed marshal. . 

1743, Oct. 4. This board agreed with John Visher 
for twenty English feet front of the west part of his lott 
in the foxes creek for the sum of thirty-two pounds ; one 
half to be paid him at the delivery of the deed and the 
other half thereof pmo. May next. 

1743, Oct. 12. This board agreed with Johan's Lan- 
singh, Jun'r for a part of his pasture in the first ward of 
this city, being the south part thereof, which said Lan- 
singh promises to release to this corporation for the sum 
of sixteen pounds, to be paid in six months. 



112 The City Records. 

The mayor and aldermen directed warrants to the 
sheriff to summon Jurys to appraise the ground of the 
heirs of Abraham Kip and Philip de forest, of Margret 
Livingston and of David Verplanck, necessary to erect 
fortifications on. 

1743, Oct. 15. The jury sworn to appraize the pos- 
sessions of Margret Livingston appraize the damages 
to fourteen pounds ten shillings. 

The possessions of David Verplanck and damages to 
fourteen pounds ten shillings. 

The possessions of the heirs of Abraham Kip and Philip 
deforest to five pounds. 

Margret Livingston's is fourteen feet and a half in 
front and twenty-six feet and an half rear. 

That of David Verplank 16 feet on the west side of 
his pasture and twelv feet five inches on the east. 

That of the heirs of Abraham Kip and Philip deforest 
one foot and two inches on the west side of the pasture, 
and seven feet and seven inches on the east side. 

1743, Oct. 25. This board ordered the clerk to draw 
an order on the chamberlain to pay Anthony Bratt and 
Gerret Lansingh the sum of 28:7: 10 J, being in full for 
the one half of an account of 56:15:9, the other half is 
to be paid next spring. 

A warrant was directed to the sheriff to summon a 
jury to appraise the ground of Evert Wendell, as also 
another to appraise the ground of Rutger Bleeker, Nico- 
laes Bleeker and Hendrick Bleeker. 

This board addressed His Excell'cy Governour Clinton, 
a copy of which address is as follows: 
To his Excellency George Clinton, Esq., Captain Generall 

and Commander in Chief of the province of New York 

and the Territories thereon depending in America, and 

Vice Admirall of the same, &c., The Humble Address 

of the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of the city 

of Albany in the Colony of New York in America: 
May it please your Excellency! 

We the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of his 
Majesties Loyal City of Albany take this opportunity to 



The City Records. 113 

congratulate your Excellency upon your and your fami- 
lies safe arrivall at New York, the Metropolis of your 
Government, where we sincerely wish your Excellency 
and family may long enjoy health and happiness. 

We can not sufficiently acknowledge the goodness and 
fatherly care of our most gracious Sovereign Lord, King 
George the Second towards us, in that it hath pleased him 
to send your Excellency to govern us, who have so early 
and earnestly expressed your good intentions to make 
the welfare and happiness of this Colony your chief care 
and study, for which kind and tender expressions we 
make your Excellency our gratefull and sincere acknow- 
ledgements. 

We as the frontier city of this Colony, in case of a 
french war will stand in need of great share of your Ex- 
cellencies care and vigilance, which we assure ourselves 
your Excellency will with pleasure bestow upon us. 

We beg leave to assure your Excellency that we will 
allways make it our business, as we know it is our duty, 
to do what in us lies to make your Excell'cys administra- 
tion easy and happy. Voc Aro. 
May it please your Excellency. 

1743, Oct. 26. The Jury appraised the ground of 
Evert Wendell at thirty pounds, and the ground of Rut- 
ger Bleeker, &c. at thirty-six pounds. 

A warrant was drawn on the treasurer to pay Lamb 1 
Redliff and Evert Sixbury each four pounds. 

The following ordinance was published: 

Whereas severall evil minded persons have presumed 
to cutt, pull down and carried away of the old Stocka- 
does of this city without authority so to do, for the pre- 
venting whereof for the future, Be it ordained by the 
mayor, aldermen and commonality in Common Council 
convened, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of 
the same, that if any person or persons shall presume to 
cutt, pull down or carry away any of the old Stockadoes 
of this city, lying and standing or being in and about the 
same, without order from the Common Councill of this 
city, such person or persons shall forfeit for every such 



114 The City Records. 

offence the sum of forty shillings for the use of this cor- 
poration, to be recovered before the mayor, recorder or 
any of the aldermen of this city. Dated in Albany, y e 
26th October, 1743. 

This board agreed with Anthony Bratt to remove the 
block house near the City Hall to the place where the 
powder house stands upon the plain, and to putt it up 
there, to find all the materials necessary, to mason the 
stone of the foundation above the ground with lime, to 
put a new roof of squared white pine boards thereon, to 
mason the pipe of the chimney above the house with 
lime and to make it of hard bricks, and to make draws 
before the port holes below, and to finish all compleat, 
for which he is to have thirteen pounds four shillings. 

1748, Nov. 12. The following persons were appointed 
fire masters for the currant year: 

First Ward Andries Van Woort, Johannis F. Myn- 
dertse. 

Second Ward John Glen, Niclaes Cuyler. 

Third Ward Peter D'Wandelaer, Gerret Ja. Lansingh. 

1743, December 7. Whereas John Cortney desires by 
writeing, under his hand and seal, that Jacob C. Ten 
Eyck may have title for the lott of ground he the said 
John Cortney bought of this corporation pmo. September 
1739. This board resolves that title be given to the said 
Jacob C. Ten Eyck, his heirs and assigns for said lott of 
ground upon his payment of 1, yet unpait upon said 
lott of ground, and that the mayor execute a deed in be- 
half of this corporation for the same. 

Peter Vielen petitioned this corporation for ten mor- 
gans of land lying on both sides of Lewis's creek and for 
the stream of the said creek for a mill. Resolved that 
his petition be taken into consideration. 

This board agreed with Robert Lansingh, Barnardus 
Harts en and Michael Basset, that they shall manage the 
fire engine in case of fire, and always be ready upon any 
occasion that it may be wanted. They are each to make 
a key to open the lock of the shed that the engine stands 
in and to place the keys in some parts of their houses 



The City Records. 115 

where it may be found when they are absent, for which 
they are to have each 6 sk. wheat per annum. 

1743, Dec. 20. This board agreed with Jacob Wen- 
dell for four pounds for the ground on which the block 
house stands, being four feet and an half in front and 
twenty-six feet and an half rear. 

This board agreed with Jacob Glen for 45, to be paid 
the first of May next, for a lott of ground he bought of 
Abraham Lansingh, Jun'r, lying on the Rense bergh. 

174 1, Feb. 7. This board agreed with Abraham Lan- 
sing for pr-iviledge to cutt 20 or 25 gutters at Schaach- 
kook, for which he is to pay Is. each. 

Ordered that the clerk draw an order on the chamber- 
lain to deliver Joh's Seger 6 sk. wheat. 

174J, feb'y 21. Resolved that the land of the heirs of 
Dirk Van Veghte and the Forts at Schaahkook be sur- 
veyed; as also ten morgans land Peter Viele petitioned 
for, lying at Schaahkook on hot sides of Lewis's Killetie. 
1744, May 21. Resolved that Eva Vandriese have 12 
acres of land of this corporation upon Tienondoroge flatts 
for 6 sk. wheat per annum, and that after John Bleeker 
shall have surveyed it and a draft thereof made, a deed 
be executed for the same by this corporation. 

N. B. This piece of land lyes between the land granted 
by this corporation to Abraham Cuyler and that granted 
to Peter Brower. 

1744, June 9. This day the mayor executed in Com- 
mon Council to Jacob C. Ten Eyck a deed pursuant to 
the minutes of the 7th December, 1743. 

1744, June 9. Resolved that his Excellency and the 
gentlemen that attended him from New York, be asked 
to dine at the house of Will. Peters on Saturday next. 

1744. Johannis Pruyn, Johannis W. Quackenboss 
and Anthony Bratt being sent for according to the direc- 
tions of an Act of Assembly entitled an Act for the more 
effectual fortifying the city of Albany, to agree for so 
much of their ground as the fortifications of this city are 
directed to be built upon, who all appeared at this board 
and as the price can not be agreed upon, it is Resolved 



116 The City Records. 

that warrants issue directed to the sheriff to summon 
jurors to appraize the same according to the said Act of 
Assembly. 

Resolved that an order be drawn on the treasurer to 
sell 185 sk. of the cities wheat at 3s. and not above 6 sk. 
to a family for ready money. 

1744, June 28. John Waters, Thomas Floyde, Peter 
Bogaert and Ahasuerus roseboom being sent for accord- 
ing to the direction of an Act of Assembly, entitled an 
Act for the more effectual fortifying the city of Albany, to 
agree for so much of their ground as the fortifications of 
this city are directed to be built upon, who all appeared 
at this board, and as the price can not be agreed upon, 
it is Resolved that warrants issue to the sheriff to sum- 
mon jurors to appraise the same according to the said 
Act of Assembly. 

Resolved that an order be drawn on the treasurer to 
pay Barnardus Bratt 10, in part of Stockadoes. 

1744, July 4. Coenradt Ten Eyck, Gerrit Lansing 
and Christopher Yates being sent for according to the 
directions of an Act of Assembly, entitled an Act for the 
more effectual fortifying the city of Albany to agree for 
so much of their ground as the fortifications of this city 
are directed to be built upon, who all appeared at 
this board, and as the price can not be agreed upon, it 
is Resolved that warrants issue to the sheriff to summon 
jurors to appraise the same according to the said Act of 
Assembly. 

Resolved that the clerk draw an order on the treasurer 
to pay Volkert van Hoesen for 19 days' work at 6s., 
JE5-.14. and to Johannis Seger 1 bag wheat. 

Harme Van Veghte having been asked to sell his ground, 
as above, and refusein the same, the resolution was taken 
as in the above cases. 

1744, July 20. Resolved that if the persons of whom 
this corporation want ground for fortifications along the 
water side, refuse to give liberty to the corporation to 
erect 'fortifications and for round passage of twenty feet 
next the line dureing in the war, that then we will cause 
it to be appraized. 



The City Records. 1 17 

1744, July 31, This board agreed with Anthony Bratt 
to bring to this city at high water mark, 320 Stockadoes 
at Is. each, if squared then 13 d; to be 13 English feet 
long and 11 inches thick at the thin end, and also 40 
Stockadoes of 26J feet long at 2s. each. 

This board agreed with Guyleyn Verplank to bring the 
like quantity at the same rate. 

1744, August 17. To the Honourable Representa- 
tives of the Colony of New York in Generall Assembly 
convened: The Humble Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonality of the city of Albany, humbly sheweth, 

Whereas your Petitioners did last year petition your 
Honourable House to raise* the sum of 300 upon this 
city and county in order to putt this city in a posture of 
defence, which petition was accordingly granted; and 
whereas that sum has been expended by your petitioners 
and considerably exceeded in fortifying the said city, so 
that your petitioners are now in arrear upon said account, 
and the fortifications of this ci(y not being yet completed 
for want of more money, your petitioners do therefore 
humbly pray the Honourable to pass an Act to enable 
the supervisors to raise upon this city and county as soon^ 
as may be (in the same manner as the other county 
charges are raised) the sum of 300, to enable your pe- 
titioners to go on and finish the fortification of this city,, 
which is necessary should be done with the utmost ex- 
pedition, and your petitioners shall ever pray. 

The following Letter was this day wrote to the repre- 
sentatives sent out of this county, with the petition on 
the other side inclosed: 

Gentlemen: We enclose you a Petition to the Honour- 
able Generall Assembly to raise the sum of 300 upon 
this city and county for the fortifying this city, which we 
shall actually want for that purpose, and as we are con- 
vinced that you well know how very necessary this is, 
we desire you to deliver this petition to the House, and. 
we doubt not but you will do your endeavour to gett an 
Act passed according to the same. 

We hope you will remember to gett as much of the 

[Annals, x.] 11 



118 The City Records. 

powder your House bought at the provincial expence to 
be sent up to us as you can. 

1744, Sept. 13. This board agreed with Anthony 
Bratt to build a block house at the water side on the 
south end of the town where the foundation is now laid, 
$nd to finish it compleatly with a good heerth and chim- 
ney, of hard bricks above the roof, and the roof to be of 
good boards, and port holes for cannon and small arms, 
and every thing that belongs to a block house to be made 
in the best manner and to be compleatly finished, for 
which he is to have 36 and two gallons rum. 

Johannis Seger agreed with this board to lock the 
gates of the city, from the south side of the fort to the 
little gate neer Ryer Gerritse's including said gate, at 
eight of the clock every evening and to carry the keys to 
the mayor of the city or where he shall be ordered by 
the Common Council! for the time being, and to open the 
gates again every morning directly after Reveille, for 
which service he is to have 6 per annum, to commence 
the 25th instant. 

Michael Basset agreed to do the same service, from 
the north side of the fort, round to the gate at the river 
side near Leend 1 Gansevoort, including said gate, for 
which he is to be paid at the same rate, and the time to 
commence the 25th instant. 

1744, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city this being the day appointed for elect- 
ing aldermen, assistants and constables and for appoint- 
ing a chamberlain and marshal, the following persons 
were chosen and appointed. 

First Ward Jacob C. Ten Eyck, aldermen, JohnMar- 
selis and Sybrant G. Van Schaick having an equal num- 
ber of voices; John Van Veghte and Phil. Livingston, 
Jun'r, assistants; Cornelius C. Vanden Bergh and John 
Price, constables. 

Second Ward Nicolaes Bleeker, Jun'r and David V. 
D. Heyden, aldermen; John H. Ten Eyck and Hcnd'k 
M. Roseboom, assistants; Marte Hogan and Schiboleth 
bogard's, Jun'r, constables. 



The City Records. 119 

Third Ward Jacob Visher and Jacob Wendell, alder- 
men; Gerrit Ja. Lansing and Kiliaen Winne, assistants; 
Benj. Van Veghte and Will. V. D. Bergh, Jun'r, consta- 
bles. 

Mr. Gerret C. Van den Bergh was appointed treasurer. 
Johannis Seger, marshal, and Marte Hogan, high con- 
stable. 

1744, Oct. 2. Whereas on the 29th September last, 
Johannis Marselius and Sybrant G. Van Schaick had an 
equality of votes for aldermen of the first ward of this 
city, wherefore this board ordered that a new election be 
held on Saturday the seventh jnstant, at two of the clock 
in the afternoon of that day, for an alderman for the said 
ward, and that the aldermen of the said ward do give 
notice accordingly. 

1744, Oct. 13. Pursuant to the order of this board of 
the 2d instant, last Saturday an election was held for 
an alderman for the first ward of this city, and by a ma- 
jority of voices John Livingston was elected, who was 
this day returned accordingly by the aldermen of the said 
ward. 

1744, Nov. 16. The following persons were appointed 
fire masters: 

First Ward Evert Wendell, Jun'r, Jacob van Schaick. 

Second Ward Jacob Lansing, Hendrick Ja. Beekman. 

Third Ward John Dow, Isaac Hansen. 

1744, Dec. 11. This board agreed with Peter Brower 
that he should pay the first day of february next 84 skiple 
good merchantable winter wheat for the use of his land 
at Tienonderoge in full to that day. 

1745, July 9. This corporation ordered that three 
pounds be given out of the treasury to the man who 
brought the Express giving an acco" of the taking of 
Cape Breton. 

1745, August 24. This board agreed with John Bell 
to be comon hangman for this city and county and whip- 
per for this city, for which he is to have 14 per annum, 
the time to commence the first day of May last. The 
Comon Council ordered him a Hanger and Bell. 



120 The City Records. 

An order was drawn on Gerrit V. Denbergh for six 
pound in full for John Bell's salary as Whipper to the 
first of May last. 

1745, Sept. 29. Pursuant to the directions of the 
Charter of this city, this being the day appointed to chuse 
city officers, the following persons were chosen: 

First Ward Jacob C. Ten Eyck, John Livingston, 
aldermen; Philip Livingston, Jun'r, Johannis Van Vegh- 
ten, assistants, and William Thayer and Joseph Van 
Sante, constables. 

Second Ward Nicholas Bleecker, Jun'r, David Van- 
derheyden, aldermen; Hendrick M. Roseboom, Frans. 
Pruyn, Jun'r, assistants, and Abraham Yates and Bastiaen 
D. Garmoy, constables. 

Third Ward Jacob Vischer, Gerrit Van Ness, alder- 
men; Gerrit Ja. Lansingh, Killiaen Winne, assistants, 
and Ant. A. Bratt, constables. 

Gerrit C. Vandenbergh was unanimously chosen cham- 
berlain, and Johannis Seger, marshal for said city. 

Anthony A. Bratt was chosen high constable. 

1745, Nov. 19. This board agreed with Thomas 
Floyd for the House of Tobias Ryckman, on the dock 
near Gansevoort's Point, for the rent Zecharia Haas 
agreed for with Ryckman. The corporation to pay the 
rent from first of May and the cartidge of his things, and 
to keep the house in repair. 

1745, Dec. 6. James Stevenson, Esq. produced a de- 
putation of Philip Livingston, Esq. appointing him his 
Deputy to exercise and execute the office of town clerk, 
and clerk of the peace and clerk of the common pleas for 
the city and county of Albany, and also to exercise the 
office of secretary and agent to the Indians, his majesties 
subjects at the city of Albany, and after taking the oaths 
by law appointed, he took an oath for the well and truly 
executing s d offices. 

1745, Dec. 9. Resolved by this board that the three 
market houses of this city be made up with all speed for 
the lodging of the King's Troops expected from New 
York, each with double chimneys in the middle. 






The City Records. 121 

174 [J-, Feb. 1. An ordinance was publish'd directing 
the inhabitants of this city to quarter the forces sent 
here to keep watch. 

1746, Sept. 29. This being the day appointed by the 
Charter for electing and chusing corporation officers, the 
following persons were elected to serve for the year en- 
suing according to the directions of the Charter: 

First Ward Jacob C. Ten Eyck and Sybrant Van 
Schaick, aldermen; Egbert Bratt and Barnardus Bratt, 
assistants; William Fryar and Joseph Jos. Van Sante, 
constables. 

Second Ward Johan's G^ Roseboom and Jacob H. 
Ten Eyck, aldermen; Jacob Jas. Lansingh and Barent 
Ten Eyck, assistants; Abraham Yates and Reynier v. 
Alstyn, constables. 

Third Ward Gerrit Van Ness and Ahasueris Rose- 
boom, aldermen; Cornells Maase and Johannis V. Douwe, 
assistants; Jacob Evertse, Jun'r and Ab'm Boghaert, 
Jun'r, constables. 

The Common Council appointed Gerrit C. Vanden- 
bergh for city treasurer, Johannes Seger for city marshal, 
William Fryar for high constable. 

1746, Oct. 14. John R. Bleecker produced a commis- 
sion for sheriff of this city and county and took the oaths 
appointed by law and also the oath for the due execution 
of his office. 

1741', March 24. Order'd a petition to be drawn in 
order to be laid before the Assembly, praying a sum of 
money may be raised to pay the debts contracted by the 
corporation since the commencement of the war. 

Resolved that three great guns be placed on the Bat- 
tery behind the Court House, and that the Recorder, 
Barnardus Bratt and Egbert Bratt be managers to see 
the same well done. The corporation to pay the charge 
of doing it. 

1747, April 7. This board on the request of the min- 
ister, elders and deacons of the Dutch church, Resolve to 
release a piece of ground to them lying behind the lott 
they already bought of Edward Holland. Ordered that 



122 The City Records. 



the mayor execute a deed for the same and cause the city 
seal to be thereunto affixed. 

A petition was signed and ordered to be laid before 
the General Assembly as mentioned in the minutes of 
Common Council the 24th day of March last. 

Resolved that John Depeyster and James Stevenson go 
down to New York and lay the same before the General 
Assembly. 

1747, May 4. An order was drawn on Gerrit C. Van- 
denbergh, city treasurer, to pay John Depeyster and 
James Stevenson four pounds and four shillings. Also 
an order was drawn to pay to Jacob S. Bogardus four 
pounds to buy fire wood for the service of the corporation. 

1747, May 12. The Comon Council order that ten 
loads of fire wood be carr d from Jacob Bogardus's sloop 
to each of the Market Houses where the King's Soldiers 
are quartered; to each of the Block Houses, N. 3 and 4, 
each 3 load to be carr d to Johannes Seger's yard. 

To Johannes Seger himself 3 load; to the block house 
N. 8, 4 load; to the block house N. 7, 3 load. 

1747, June 16. An order was drawn on Gerrit C. 
Vandenbergh, city treasurer, to pay John R. Bleecker, 
Esq. 1 for wine to entertain the Judge when he came 
here to hold Court of Oyer and Terminer. 

1747, June 20. A warrant was drawn on the treasurer 
to pay Thomas Powel ten shillings. 

Ordered that in case of any alarm in the night, all and 
every the inhabitant of this city sett candles in their 
windows to give light to every man to repair to their 
posts. 

Ordered that a great gun be placed at the corner oppo- 
site to Gerrit Isaac Lansingh, one in the Rutten Kill, 
and another to be taken from the Grand Battery and 
placed in the foxes creek. 

Ordered that the ordinance relating the Round Gangs 
be put in execution. 

Ordered that the Recorder, Barnardus Bratt, Egbert 
Egbertse and Gerrit Van Ness be managers to see the 
above three great guns duly ordered and placed. " 



The City Records. 123 

1747, July 27. The following Petition was drawn and 
sign'd in order to be sent to the Representatives of our 
city and county to be gi*en in to the Assembly: 

To the Honourable the Representatives of the Colony 
of New York convened in General Assembly, The Peti- 
tion of the mayor, aldermen and commonalty of the city 
of Albany humbly sheweth : 

That the inhabitants of the corporation of the city of 
Albany are in cireims of great misery and distress by 
reason of the present war with Frence and with the In- 
dians in their alliance. That the inhabitants of the said 
city ever since the commencement of the war by their 
frequent watching have been very much taken off from 
themselves and families. That every man of our corpo- 
ration hive been oblidged to attend in person or pay a 
hired man in their stead upon watch and ward every 
third or fourth night during the whole time, excepting a 
small interval of time in the spring the duty was demanded 
only every fourth night, but now and for sometime past 
for the safety of this frontier and the poor inhabitants we 
are oblidged again to come upon a fourth night. That 
our corporation by occasion of the present war are in- 
debted the sum of eight hundred and fifty pounds and 
upwards, for repairing our fortifications about this city, 
supplying fire wood and candles for the night watches, 
and for powder and ball for the poorest of the inhabitants 
without any fund provided for the payment thereof, be- 
sides what the inhabitants have done by a voluntary tax- 
ing themselves, for providing and setting up new Stocka- 
does where the old ones were gone to decay. And whereas 
this city is now the northern frontier of this Province, 
your petitioners humbly conceive that whatever charge 
or expence our corporation have been already at or here- 
after may be put to by reason of the present war ought 
in reason to be a general charge for the whole Province, 
and not to fall on the inhabitants of this corporation only, 
who are in no circumstance to support the growing ex- 
pence or have one penny rent to come in to discharge the 
debts already contracted, or can we expect any during 



124 The City Records. 

the war, nor probably for many years after the war is 
over, Your Hon's Petitioners have never heard that the 
corporation of the city of New York have been at the 
charge of building or repairing the fortifications made for 
the defence of their city, but that the same hath been a 
general charge to the whole Province, altho' they have 
had the happiness to injoy the blessings of peace during 
the whole war without any alarm, disturbance or molest- 
ation from the enemy. 

Your petitioners therefore do most humbly beseech 
your Honourable House in tender consideration of the 
premises to raise by a general tax on the whole Province 
the said sum of eight hundred and fifty pounds to dis- 
charge the debts contracted by our corporation since the 
commencement of the war, which the deplorable circum- 
stances of this city is reduced to render us incapable to 
pay. And your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever 
pray, &c. 

ALBANY, July 27th, 1747. 

Gentlemen: We inclose a Petition which we beg the 
favour of you to deliver in to the General Assembly, and 
beg also the favour of 3 r ou to use your interest to gettour 
prayer granted, for unless some method be fallen upon to 
discharge the debts already contracted it is impossible 
the publick charge can be longer supported. 

You will see by the inclosed what the articles of 
fire wood and candles for the block houses only amount 
to, and if you judge necessary we shall send you down a 
list of the several persons to whom, and the respective 
sums we are indebted. By order of Comon Council. 

JAS. STEVENSON, D. Cl'k. 

1747, August 11. The following petition was signed 
by the present members, who order'd the Recorder and 
Alderman Van Schaick to go to New York and deliver 
the same to his Excellency the Governour, and that the 
corporation would pay their reasonable charges and ex- 
pences : 

To his Excellency the Hon'ble George Clinton, Captain 
General and Governour in Chief in and over the province 



The City Records. 125 

of New York and the Territories thereon depending in 
America, Vice Admirall of the same and Admirall of the 
Red Squadron of his Majesties Fleet, The petition ot the 
mayor, aldermen and commonalty of the city of Albany, 
Humbly sheweth: 

That whereas the time allowed by Act of Assembly 
for the Wood Rangers to scout through the woods on the 
west side of Hudson's river near the city of Albany, is 
expired, and for want of Wood Rangers both the city and 
inhabitants that yet remain in the county are liable to be 
suddenly surprized, the inhabitants both of city and 
county are much decreased since the war begun, many 
barbarously murdered and schalped, and numbers taken 
prisoners by the enemy, and others removed from city 
and county to places of greater security, so that the few 
that are left, of whom the most part are oblidged to 
labour and expose themselves to great danger to earn a 
subsistance for themselves and families, are not sufficient 
to keep the night watches, much less to make a defence 
in case of a suden attack. 

Your petitioners most humbly beseech your Excellency 
to lay our distressed condition before the General As- 
sembly and to use your Excellency's interest to prevail 
on their Honourable House to prolong the time allowed 
for the Wood Rangers or to raise a sum of money to pay 
a sufficient number of white men and Indians to go on the 
outschout; and your petitioners also farther pray that a 
number of men be raised out of the lower counties to be 
placed in the city of Albany to ease the inhabitants of 
the hard duty of watching, which now is to every man in 
town a fourth night, notwiths:anding three block houses 
and one guard house remain still empty for want of men. 

And your Excellency's petiti i ers as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, &c. 

Resolved that Major Collins, the Recorder and Alder- 
man Van Schaick go down to New York with the above 
petition and deliver it to his Excellency and to endeavour 
to gett what the petition setts forth, or any other thing 
may be for the good of the city, and that this corporation 



126 The City Records. 

bear their expenses and allow them at their return what 
the corporation think reasonable for their trouble, and 
that the clerk give them a copy of this resolve. 

1747, Sept. 14. Resolved to send an Express to the 
representatives of the city and county of Albany, with a 
Letter and inclose to them the affidavits of Johannis 
Wendell, Benjamin Bratt, Johannis V. Douwe and Ger- 
rit C. Vandenbergh, and acquaint them that our corpo- 
ration petitioned his Excellency, our Governour, to re- 
commend to the General Assembly to make provision for 
a sufficient number of men to be posted in the city of 
Albany to ease the inhabitants of the hard duty of watch- 
ing. But as we are informed Collo. Roberts intends to 
send three companies of the new levies to be quartered 
in the block houses, which considering how ill they have 
all along behaved themselves and threatened often to 
burn the town before they went away, an Collo. Roberts' 
own behaviour, make the inhabitants unwilling to have 
them in town, wherefore we beg you will use your en- 
deavour to gett a sufficient number of men from the lower 
counties to be posted in the city according to the prayer 
of our petition, presented to his Excellency by Major 
Collins and Mr. Van Schaick. 

1747, Sept. 28. Ordered that a Letter be writt to Collo.. 
Schuyler, one of the members of Assembly for the city 
and county of Albany, desiring him to gett an Act of 
Assembly passed to lay a tax on the Province for pur- 
chasing and setting up new Stockadoes round the city of 
Albany where the old ones are daily going to decay, and 
if the Assembly will not pass an Act for the whole Pro- 
vince to contribute toward the charge thereof, that an 
Act be pass'd to oblige the inhabitants of the city and 
county (Schenectady excepted) to do y l . 

Major Collins and Sybrant Van Schaick laid their 
acco' r - before this board amounting to the sum of 1:18:4, 
which the board allowed, and gave an order on the treas- 
urer to pay the same out of the first money that comes 
to his hands. 

1747, Sept. 29. This being the day appointed by the 



The City Records. 127 

Charter for choosing and electing corporation officers, 
the following persons were chosen to serve for the year 
ensuing according to the directions of the charter : 

First Ward Jacob C. Ten Eyck and Sybrant G, Van 
Schaick, aldermen; Barnardus Bratt and Egbert Bratt, 
assistants; Luykas Yates and Johannis Vander Heyden, 
Jun'r, constables. 

Second Ward Jacob H. Ten Eyck and John Rose- 
boom, Jun'r, aldermen; Jacob I. Lansingh and Barent 
Ten Eyck, assistants; Isaac Verplanck and William 
Groesbeeck, constables. 

Third Ward Gerrit Van Ness and CoenraetTen Eyck, 
aldermen; Cornelis Maase and John V. Douwe, assist- 
ants; Rutger Lansingh and Peter Boghaert, Jun'r, con- 
stables. 

The Common Council appointed Gerrit Vandenbergh 
for city treasurer or chamberlain; Johannis Seger for 
marshall; Isaac Verplanck for high constable. 

1747, Oct. 2. Collo. Roberts sent yesterday to the 
mayor a Letter from his Excell'y the Gov'r, dated the 
26th day of September, 1747, acquainting the corporation 
he had directed Collo. Roberts to order three companies 
of the new levies to be quartered in the block houses in 
the city of Albany, or in such other places therein as they 
should provide. The Letter sett forth that his Excel- 
lency expected the corporation would provide for them 
fire wood and candles and assured them he would re- 
commend to the General Assembly to make sufficient 
provision to defray the expense they might be put to. 

Resolved to try to gett fire wood and candles for said 
three companies as soon as possible, and then to acquaint 
Collo. Roberts therewith, and that Alderman Ten Eyck 
and Cornelis Maase, one of the assistants, acquaint him 
with this resolution. 

1747, Nov. 14. This board appointed the following 
persons to look after the chimneys and other places where 
the inhabitants kept their fire, &c. 

Peter Jones and Johannes Wendell, son of Johannes 
Wendell, for the first ward. 



128 The City Records. 

Gysbert Fonda and Obadiah Cooper, for the second 
ward. 

Jan Maase, Jun'r, and Abraham Fonda, son of Isaac 
Fonda, for the third ward. 

1747, Dec. 4. An order was drawn to payDirckTen 
Broeck, Esq., mayor of the city of Albany, one pound 
nine shillings and five pence out of the money now in the 
treasurer's hands, he having paid so much to George 
Burnes. 

Evert Sixberry agreed to supply the block house N. 1 
to pmo. May next, from twesday next, at 3s. per load, to 
bring one load every day, and on Saturday two loads. 

Isaac De Voe agreed for N. 6 at 3s. 6d. per double load. 

Peter Benneway agreed for N. 7 at 3s. 6d. per double 
load. 

Evert H. Wendell agreed for N. 5 at 3s. 6d. per double 
load. 

1747, Dec. 7. Hendrick Van Buren agreed to supply 
the Market house in the third ward to pmo. May next at 
3s. 6d. for a double load, two loads every day and four 
on Saturdays, to begin this week. 

Rutger Vandenbergh agreed to supply the Market house 
in the first ward to pmo. May next, as above. 

Volkert and Cornelis Vandenbergh agreed to supply 
the Block house No. 8 at 3s. 6d. for the double load, and 
3s. for the double load till pmo. May next as the others 
agreed before. 

1747, Dec. 12. This board agreed with Vander- 
heyden to supply Block house N. 4 on same terms and 
for same time as the others. He begun last Thursday, 
being the 10th instant. 

Resolved that if anything happen to be wanting to the 
Sentry boxes or Batteries round the walls of this city, 
that the mayor or recorder or the aldermen of the ward 
where such defect happens to be, or any of them, take 
care that the same be made, mended or repair'd at the 
charge of the corporation. 

Resolved that Johannis Hunn and Cornelis Boghaert 
make up the deficiencies in the city wall at the several 



The City Records. 129 

places as mentioned in a memorandum given to Johan's 
Hunn for that purpose. 

Benjamin Bratt undertook to open and shutt the Gates 
and sweep the snow from off the Batteries in the north- 
ern division of this city at seven pound per annum from 
the first day of February next. N. B. He begun to open 
and shutt the Gates afores d the 28th day of January last. 

Johannes Seger undertook as above for the southern 
division at the same price. 

Bastiaen Teymesse undertook to supply Block house 
No. 3 on the same terms and for the same time as the 
others agreed the 4th and 7th of this month. 

174, Feb. 10. This bo'ard agreed with John Fryer 
to supply the Block houses with candles at the rate of 
one shilling per pound, from the eleventh day of this 
month to the fifteenth day of October next, and to deliver 
every evening as many as will be sufficient for the night 
then ensuing to Job's Seger; said Fryer agrees to have 
his first payment the first of September for the candles 
he supplies to that time. 

174|, March 24. Resolved that Christiaen Lagransie 
be permitted to set up a Blacksmith's shop near to the 
shop of William Hogan, Jun'r, on the north side thereof, 
but to ready to take it down at any time when the cor- 
poration may have reason for it. 

1748, April 6. Collo. Johnson's Letter to the mayor 
was read in Common Council desiring he might have the 
Barrack wherein the Governour's men were lodg'd to 
keep for a main guard in. 

1748, May 26. Ordered that Jacob C. Ten Eyck and 
Sybrant G. Van Schaick, aldermen, together with the 
Treasurer, overlook the accounts which are intended to 
be laid before the treasurer, and make report thereof to 
the Common Council. 

17 IS, July 18. Ordered by this board that Gerrit Van 
Ness, Luykas Wyngaart, and Anthony Van Der Zee, 
make a new bridge behind Johannis Lansingh's on Rut- 
tenkill, in the first ward at the water side; that they like- 

[Annals, x.] 12 



1 30 The City Records. 

wise repair all the Batteries which are fallen down and all 
the bridges which want repairing in the round gang. 

1748, Sept. 17. Jacob C. Ten Eyck and Sybrant Van 
Schaicke, together with the Treasurer are by this board 
allowed further time till next munday to overlook the 
accounts which are to be laid before the treasury and 
make report thereof to the Common Council. 

Resolved by this board that Barent Ten Eyck and Jo- 
hannis Vol: Dow go and desire Langaserie and the other 
french Gen 1 that came with the flag Truces from Canada, 
to come to Ackerman's to let the mayor and corporation 
know the meaning of their coming to this town. 

The french Gen 1 accordingly appeared, and being askd 
their business, said their Pass was with Colio. Johnson, 
but if the mayor pleased they would wait on him to- 
morrow in the afternoon with their Pass, which was re- 
solved to be sufficient. 

1748, Sept. 20. The mayor reports to this board that 
Messrs. Lingrey and Langaserie had been to his house 
last Sunday in the afternoon, the time appointed by the 
Common Council last Saturday convened, but did not 
produce their Pass as they engaged to do, but promised 
to do it on Munday, which they have not done, and that 
Major Collins asked them what reason they could give 
why they did not show their Pass to the mayor, who had 
an undoubted right to demand it, they replyed that they 
were given to understand by Collo. William Johnson that 
they were not oblidged to do it, as they were directed to 
him. 

1748, Sept. 29. This day being appointed by the 
Charter for choosing and electing corporation officers the 
following persons were chosen to serve for the year en- 
suing according to the directions of the Charter: 

First Ward John De Peyster and Jacob C. Ten Eyck, 
aldermen; Folkert P. Dow and Joseph Yates, assistants; 
Jacobus Sharpe and Jacob Cooper, constables. 

Second Ward Hans Hansen and John Glen, aldermen; 
John R, Bleecker and John Beekman, Jun'r, assistants; 
David Becker and Marta Freest, constables. 



The City Records. -i$l 

Third Ward Coenraet Ten Eyck and Abra: Do\v, 
aldermen; Harmanis Wendell, Jun'r, and Harme Gans'e- 
voort, assistants; William W. Van Den Bergh and David 
Abeel, constables. 

The Common Council appoints Gerret C. Van Den 
Bergh for city treasurer or chamberlain; Johannis Seeger 
for marshal; William W. Van Den Bergh, high constable. 

1748, Oct. 12. An order was drawn on the treasurer 
to pay unto Dirck Ten Broeck and Jacob C. Ten Eyck 
for an account which was due unto John Bell as whipper 
for the city from pmo. May 1745 to pmo. Nov'r follow- 
ing, being 6 months, each JE3. 

1748, Oct. 14. Jacob C! Ten Eyck produced a com- 
mission for mayor of the city of Albany, &c. for the en- 
suing year and took the oaths appointed by law, sign'd 
the Test and was sworn into the office of mayor and 
coroner for the city and justice of the peace for the city 
and county of Albany. 

Thomas Williams, Jun'r, produced in Comon Council 
a commission wherein he was appointed high sheriff for 
the city and county of Albany, he took the oaths ap- 
pointed by law, sign'd the Test, and took an oath for 
the due execution of his office. 

1748, Oct. 27. Ordered the clerk to draw a Petition, 
and send Joh's Seger to the mayor to have it signed, to 
be laid before the General Assembly of this Province of 
New York. The Petition is as follows: 

To the Honourable the Representatives of the General 
Assembly of the Colony of New York, humbly sheweth: 

That the corporation of the said city of Albany have 
been put to the Expence of severall hundred pounds in 
repairing their fortifications about the city and in sup- 
plying fire wood and candles for the night watches over 
and above what the Generall Assembly have already 
allowed for fire wood and candles and for providing 
powder and ball for the poorest of the inhabitants, with- 
out any fund provided for the repayment of that expence 
besides what the inhabitants did by voluntary taxing 
themselves for providing and setting up new Stockadoes 



132 The City Records. 

where the old ones were gone to decay, and whereas the 
corporation have received no rent from their tenants 
since the year 1744, or are like to receive any for some 
years to come, tho' a peace should be actually concluded, 
the settlements of their tenants being destroyed by the 
enemy during the war, and will require some time before 
they can settle again*. 

Your W'ps Petitioners have directed the Representa- 
tives of the city and county of Albany to lay before your 
Hon'ble House sundry accounts, all attested except a few 
persons who are dead, removed or absent, amounting to 
the sum of 1082:9:2J, which were actually laid out for 
the defence of the city against the enemy. Severall other 
sums of money are due from the corporation which your 
petitioners think not proper to trouble your Hon'ble 
house with, tho' they have no fund at present to pay the 
same. 

Your petitioners therefore do most humbly beseech your 
Hon'ble House to take the premises into your wise and 
serious consideration and grant to your petitioners such 
relief as the distressed circumstances of their corporation 
do call for and as to your wisdom shall seem meet, and 
your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

The following Letter with accounts were sent to the 
Representatives of the city and county of Albany : 

ALBANY, 27 Oct. 1748. 

Gentlemen: We give you the trouble of a petition to be 
laid before your Hon'ble House, praying relief to enable 
us to pay the debts we have contracted by occasion of the 
war, we have likewise sent a list with the accounts them- 
selves, all attested, except a few persons, some of whom 
are dead, some removed and others absent from home ; our 
corporation debts are some hundred pounds more, but as 
they are not for the imediate expence of the war, we 
have not troubled you with them. 

Mr. Philip Livingston, Jr. can well inform you, if you 
make any doubt of any of the accounts. We begg you will 
use your endeavours with your Hon'ble House to lay a 
Provincial tax to extricate us out of this debt or the cor- 



The City Records. 133 

poration must fall, for you know the city has not at pre- 
sent one penny of income or like to have for some time 
should a peace be concluded. 

1748, Nov. 12. The Common Councill appoints fire 
masters for the ensuing year, viz 1 : 

First Ward Do we Van Veghte and Job's son of Jo- 
hannis Jan Lansingh. 

Second WardGerret Staats and Luykas T. Wittbeck. 

Third Ward Johannis Jacobus Lansingh* and Johan- 
nisPruyn, Jun'r. 

Whereas on the 29th Sep 1 last Jacob C. Ten Eyck 
was elected alderman forthe first ward of the city of 
Albany, and whereas since that time (to wit) on the 14 
Oct. following, he produced a comission for mayor, &c. 
of this city, took the oaths appointed by law, sign'd the 
Test, and the same day was sworn into his office, 
Wherefore it is ordered and resolved by this board that 
a new election be held on the 17th of this instant for 
chusing another alderman for the first ward of this city, 
and that John De Peyster, Esq., al'n for first ward do 
give notice accordingly. 

Ordered the clerk to give warrents to the fire masters 
to go round every mayor's court and from thence once 
every fortnight and make report every mayor's court to 
the mayor and aldermen of their proceedings, and that the 
clerk sign said warrants by order of the Common Coun- 
cill. 

1748, Nov. 22. Pursuant to a resolve .made the 12th 
instant for electing an alderman in the room of the pre- 
sent mayor on the 17th instant, Tobias Rykeman is re- 
turned for alderman by plurality of votes. 

The mayor this day laid the city before the Comon 
Councill and said that Dirck Ten Broeck, Esq. late 
mayor had delivered the same to him as was formerly 
usual for the mayor going of to do to the new mayor, 
but that as the present mayor's opinion always was that 
the city seal should be delivered to the keeping of the 
clerk of the Comon Councill, he desired the consent of 
this board that the same may be delivered to Mr. Philip 



134 The City Records. 

G. Livingston, the present clerk, and that he may be 
prohibited by the Comon Councill to affix the same to 
any instrument before the mayor certifyed the same and 
gave an order to affix the same to his certificate. That 
he be prohibited to affix the same to a lease or release 
without order of Comon Councill and in Comon Councill, 
but in the mayor's absence the clerk may affix the same 
to any instrument by the order of three aldermen, which 
they are impowered to do by the charter, and that in 
case the clerk should go out of town that he leave the 
seal in time of his absence with the mayor or any one of 
the aldermen, who are not to make use of the same, but 
pursuant to the above directions, and deliver it back 
again on his return. Resolved, that the above regula- 
tions concerning the city be a standing resolution of the 
Comon Councill, and that no mayor for the future have 
the keeping of the city seal unless in the absence of the 
clerk as aforesaid. 

Resolved also that no freedom of this city be given 
privately to any stranger, but that all persons, natural 
born subjects or naturally desiring to be admitted free- 
man of this corporation may have their freedoms pub- 
lickly given in Comon Councill and an entry made 
thereof in their minutes ; likewise no honorary freedom 
be given to any person of distinction but by consent of 
Comon Councill. 

The mayor pursuant to the above resolve delivered 
the city seal unto Mr. Philip G. Livingston in Comon 
Councill. 

Madam Van Renselaer agreed this day with this board 
at her house to let the corporation have the same liberty 
in the woods of the manor of Renselaerswick as was 
granted by Collo. Kiliaen Van Renselaear, Esq., late lord 
of said manor, on the 18th feb. 17 If, in consideration 
they pay her eleven pounds per annum. Agreed during 
her adm'n. 

1748, Dec. 21. Ordered the clerk to sign a receipt in 
behalf of the corporation for a half barrel powder rec d 
from Sybrant G. Van Schaick, in lieu of powder he bor- 



The City Records. 135 

rowed from the corporation when the Gov'r was here 
last. 

Resolved that it is the opinion of this board that a 
night watch of fifteen or sixteen men be kept in this city, 
and hope the inhabitants will not screen themselves from 
that duty while they think it is absolutely necessary for 
the welfare of this city. 

Robert Lansing agreed with this board to keep the 
stores belonging to the Gun whereof he is Gunner, and 
give an inventory thereof to the clerk, and keep the pow- 
der, shot and other materials belonging to the same at his 
own risque till demanded by Comon Councill. 

Christiaen Legransey agrees as above for Blockhouse 
No. 4. 

Nicholas Van Schake agrees as above for Blockhouse 
No. 7. 

Jellis De Garmow agrees as above for Blockhouse No. 3. 

Johannis Hunn agrees as above for Blockhouse No. 1. 

Dirck Hunn agrees as above for Blockhouse No. 2. 

Tobias Ten Eyck, for Ten Eyck's Battery, agrees as 
above. 

Michael Bassit agrees as above for the Grand Battery. 

Geluyn Verplank agrees as above for the Blockhouse 
No. 5. 

John Dow agrees as above for Blockhouse No. 9. 

William Fry, single Gun, whereof he is Gunner, agrees 
as above. 

174;;, March 13. Resolved that the freedom of this 
city be presented to Mr. Philip G. Livingston, and that 
the mayor sign, seal and deliver the same unto him as a 
free gift in behalf of this corporation. 

As likewise its Resolved that the freedom of this cor- 
poration be given unto Cap 1 Volkert P. Dow. 

Resolved that the request of Peter Brower, that after 
he resign his deed for a tract of land lying on the Mo- 
hawks river, containing six morgan more or less, from 
this corporation for two sk: of wheat for each morgan 
per annum, a new one be executed for the annual rent of 
one sk: of wheat per morgan, and that the deed be exe- 



136 The City Records. 

cuted for the land surveyed by Mr. Jno. R. Bleecker in 
the year 1740, containing eleven morgan. 

1749, April 3. This board agrees with Dan'l Mac 
Michael, to let him have the house and land formerly in 
the possession of Isaac Van Valkenbergh, to have it five 
years for repairing the said house in such a manner as 
shall afterwards be agreed on, and to have it fifteen 
years after the expiration of five years, for the rent of 
four pounds per annum, to be paid annually. 

The constables of this city were ordered to notify the 
following persons to appear before this board, and the 
following appeared and were ordered to appear next 
mayor's court with sufficient sureties for their appear- 
ance at the next Generall sessions to answer what they 
know of breaking down the market houses in this city 
of which they are suspected to be concerned in breaking 
down part of that one which stands in the second ward, 
viz 1 : Wouter De Foreest, Jno. Knoet, Dirck M. Van 
Der Heyden, Daniel R. Winne, Bastiaen Fisher, Jacob Van 
Der Heyden, Jacob De Garmo, Dirck Ahu: Roseboom. 

The following were likewise suspected, viz : William 
G. Van Den Bergh, David D. Groesbeek, Lewis Van 
Antwerpe, Volkert G. Van Den Bergh, Harmanis Jacobse 
Wendell. 

Gerret Roseboom, and Tobias Ten Eyck is suspected to 
have been assistant in breaking down that markett house 
in the third ward. 

1749, May 6. The following ordinances were pub- 
lished, viz 1 : An ordinance for cleaning the streets. Do. 
for preventing cuting down the Stockadoes of this city or 
breaking down or carrying away the boards affixed to the 
top of the same, or the boards and other timber belonging 
to the Blockhouses and Batteries. 

This board agrees with Johannis Seger that he shall 
have about seven or eight morgan of land lying upon 
the Beaver kill, beginning a litle above the place called 
the five Steene, running up from thence along both 
sides of the Kill till it contains about 7 or 8 morgan, 
upon condition that he has it ten years for clearing it 



The City Records. 137 

and ten years after for the annual rent of 3s. for each 
morgan; to commence from the first day of this inst., May. 

1749, May 27. Kesolved by this board that the 
boards fixed on top of the Stockadoes be sold at publick 
vandue on the third day of June next, and that an adver- 
tisement be put up to give publick notice hereof. 

1749, Sept. 12. Whereas the powder belonging to this 
corporation may be spoil'd by keeping, this board judge- 
ing it most for the publick good that the same be sold, 
have resolved that the said powder be sold at publick 
vandue on fryday the 15th inst. 

1749, Sept. 18. Johannes J. Lansing made applica- 
tion to this board for a small streek of land lying in the 
third of this city between the lots of Abraham Dow and 
Hester Switts, containing in length two feet on the north 
side and three feet on the south side, and twenty feet in 
breadth along the street, all Dutch measure, which was 
granted, and ordered that the mayor execute a deed for 
the same on behalf of the corporation for the considera- 
tion of thirty shillings. 

Samuel Cuyman made application for the creek behind 
his lot in the first ward of this city as far as the breadth 
of his lot, which was granted. Order'd that the mayor 
execute a deed for the same on behalf of the corporation 
for the consideration of twenty shillings. 

1749, Sept. 29. This day being appointed by the Char- 
ter for choosing and electing corporation officers the fol- 
lowing persons were chosen to serve for the year ensuing 
according to the directions of the Charter, viz: 

First Ward John De Peyster and Isaac Staats, alder- 
men ; Volkert P. Don w and Evert H. Wendell, assistants ; 
Gysbert Marselis and John 5 Lansing, constables. 

Second Ward Hans Hansen and John Glen, Esqs., 
aldermen; John R. Bleeker and John Beekman, Jun'r, 
assistants; Sam. Pruyn, Jun'r and William Verplank, 
constables. 

Third Ward Abm. Douw and Harme Gansevoort, 
aldermen; Harm's H. Wendell and Jerse De Foreest, 
assistants; John M. Beekman, constable. 



138 The City Records. 

The Common Council chose for the ensueing year 
Cornelius Santvoort, treasurer or chamberlain. He to 
find sufficient sureties to be bound in 500 for the due 
execution of his office. Joh's Seger, marshall. Job's 5 
Lansing, high constable. 

1749, Oct. 14. Richard Miller, Esq. produced acom- 
ission appointing him high sheriff of the city and county 
of Albany, and took the oaths appointed by law, sign'd 
the Test and was sworn to the due execution of the s d 
office. 

1749, Oct. 21. This board appoint the following per- 
sons Fire masters for this city for the ensueing year, viz: 

Peter Waldron, for the first ward; Gerret Js. Lan- 
singh and Egbert Benj'n Egbertson for the second ward; 
William Winne and Joh's S. Pruyn for the third ward. 

Order'd that warrants be given to the Fire masters of 
each ward accordingly, and that the clerk sign the same 
by order of Comon Council, which warrants are in the 
following words, viz: 

Whereas the mayor, aldermen and comonality of the 
city of Albany have this day in Comon Council appointed 
and nominated you to be Fire masters of the . . . ward 
of this city for the year ensueing, you are therefore 
hereby required and commanded to go round the said 
. . . ward on Monday the fourth day of December next, 
and thence once every fortnight, viz: on the Monday 
next before every mayor's court, and view the chimneys, 
hearths, fire places and places where people do gather 
their ashes, and where you find any chimneys, hearths 
or fire places extraordinary foul or dangerous, or ashes 
gather'd in any dangerous place the first time you go 
round your ward, you are to give warning to the owner 
or owners to sweep, mend or remove the same within 
five hours after warning given, and if they do not com- 
ply with your directions within the time limitted, you 
are hereby impower'd and authorised to fine the owner 
or owners in the sum of three shillings to your own use 
and behoof and to sue for the same before the mayor, 
recorder or any one of the aldermen of this city. And 



The City Records., 139 

every time afterwards when you go round your ward and 
find any defect as af 3 , you are hereby impower'd imrne- 
diatly to fine the owner or owners in the sum of three 
shillings for the use and to be recover'd as afores d , and 
you are then to warn such person or persons where such 
defect shall be, to clean, mend or remove the same 
within five hours, which if they shall neglect or refuse to 
do you are to fine them in one other sum of three shil- 
lings for your use and to be recover'd as af*. You are 
likewise to take notice that no hay, straw or other com- 
bustible matter be laid in any dangerous place to the 
owner or his neighbour unc^r penalty of six shillings for 
each day such combustible matter shall lye in such dan- 
gerous place after warning given, for your use and to be 
recovered as af. And you are to make report to each 
mayor's court how you find the chimneys, hearths, fire 
places, &c. in your ward. And for your so doing this 
shall be your sufficient warrant. Dated in Albany the 
2 1st day of Nov. in the twenty-third year of his Majesties 
Reign, 1749. Sign'd, By order of Comon Council. 

JOHN GOLDEN, Clerk. 

1750, May 19. Mr. Gerrit C. Van Den Bergh, late 
treasurer, laid on the board the book of the city accounts 
whereby it appears -that there is a ballance due to him 
of 15:11:2. Resolv'd by the board that a note of hand 
be given him for the same payable out of the first money 
that comes into the treasury, and that the inayor sign 
the same on the behalf of the corporation. 

1750, Sept. 29. This day being appointed by the 
Charter for choosing and electing corporation officers the 
following persons where choosen to serve for the year 
ensuing according to the directions of the Charter, viz: 

First Ward John De Peyster and Joh's van Sante, 
aldermen; Evert Wendell, Jr. and John E. Wendell, as- 
sistants; Roelof Segor and Daniel Huson, Jr., constables. 

Second Ward John Glen and Jacob TenEyck, alder- 
men ; John Rutse Bleecker and John Beekman, Jr., as- 
sistants; Evert Joh's Wendell and John H. Roseboom, 
constables. 



140 The City Records. 

Third Ward Abraham Douw and Harme Gansevoort, 
aldermen; Isaak Swits and Harmanis H. Wendell, as- 
sistants; Wouter de Foreest and Tueniss Bratt, consta- 
bles. 

The Common Counsel appointed for the ensuing year 
Cornelis van Santford to be their chamberlain, and it is 
further agreed by the board to agree with him on new 
for his commissions for his trouble, and did likewise 
nominate and appoint Job's Seger to be marchel for the 
ensuing year. 

1750, Oct. 8. Whereas disorderly persons have cut 
some of the cows in this town to the great detriment of 
the citizens, and the offender being as yet unknown and 
difficult to be found out: It is therefore Resolved by the 
Common Counsell that a reward of three pound be given 
to any person or persons who shall find out or discover 
the offender or offenders in order that they may be pro- 
secuted according to law, and we do hereby order the 
clerk to publish this our Resolve, by putting up adver- 
tisements in the most publick places in this town, and 
that the cryer do give notice of this our Resolve by cry- 
ing it about the town. 

Johannis Seger made application to this board for two 
small slips of wood land on the Gallis hill, that is to say, 
a small tryangle to y e southward of his land, containing 
about one acre, and lyes between his land and the old 
Schonectady road, the other slip lyes at the west side of 
his land and is also bounded by the said road, and con- 
tains about one acre, which was granted and order'd that 
the mayor execute a deed for the same on behalf of the 
corporation for the consideration of fieftien shilling. 

1750, Oct. 15. Sybrant G. van Schaick produced a 
commission for Recorder of the city of Albany and took 
oath appointed by law, sign'd the Test and sworn to the 
office of recorder and justice of the peace. 

Robert Sanders produced a commission for Mayor of 
the city of Albany for the insueing year and took the 
oaths appointed by law, sign'd the Test and was sworn 
unto the office of mayor and coroner and clerk of the 



The City Records. 141 

market for this city and justice of the peace for the city 
and county of Albany. 

Richard Miller produced a commission in Common 
Council whein he was appointed high sheriff for the city 
and county of Albany, he took the oaths appointed by 
law, sign'd the Test and took an oath for the due execu- 
tion of his office. 

1750, Oct. 23. Jacobus Reatliff made application to 
this board that his son John should have the ringing of 
the Bell at twelf a clock at noon and at eight of the clock 
at night, which is granted according for his son. 

This board appoints the following persons Fire mas- 
ters for this city for the insuing year, viz: 

William Fryer, Joseph Jo's Yaets, for the first ward. 
Abraham Yaets, Pieter Williams, for the second ward. 
Dirck Bratt van Schoonhove, Sander J'se Lansing, for 
the third ward. 

1750, Oct. 24. An ordinance published for the due 
observance of the Lord's day and the regulating Negro 
slaves. 

Resolved by this board that the city bounderies shall 
be forthwith surveyed by John Rutse Bleccker, who 
has undertaken to do the same for the sum of three 
pounds for his trouble, and to pay when the city is in 
capacity. 

1750, Dec. 8. Jacob Ten Eyck and Evert Wendell 
offered their service gratis, to go and assist John R. 
Bleecker in surveying this city boundaris, and the said 
Ten Eyck and Wendell has undertaken togitt three men 
to bear the chain. 

175'/, Feb. 26. Resolved by this board that an order be 
drawn upon the Treasurer of New York for 250, which 
is allowed by the Generall Assembly for the use of the cor- 
poration of the city of Albany, and that Abraham Douw, 
Esq. is appointed to receive the same and his receipt 
shall be sufficient voucher and discharge for the same. 

Ordered by this board that advertisement shall be pub- 
lished that on Saturday next the city ferry to Greenbush 

[Annals, x.] 13 



142 The City Records. 

shall be lett to farm to the highest bieder, on each of the 
said ferry one person for the ensueing year. For every 
person if single, 3d.; if more 2d. a p. For every head 
of cattle 9d. For every hundred weight of skins or 
beaver, 3d. and so in proportion in a greater or lesser 
quantity. 

175? , March 2. A petion presented to this board from 
severall inhabitants of this city for to make a well in 
third ward near the house of Mr. Dirck Ten broeck, de- 
ceased, which is granted accordingly, and the place ap- 
pointed opposite the middle of the street that leeds 
towards the mill about ten foot distance to the north 
of the lott ground of Dirckje van Vranke. 

Ordered by this board that the aldermen and assist- 
ants of each ward are to view the city Laders each in 
their own ward and bring report thereof to the Common 
Councell. 

According to the last Resolve, this day sold at publick 
vandue the ferry on the east of the river to Cornelis van 
Vechten for the sum of three pounds nineteen shillings 
currant money of the province of New York. 

As also the west side of the river of the said ferry to 
Jeremiah pemerton for the sum of three pounds four 
shillings currant money as aforesaid, and to give suerity 
for the money to the corporation, as also to observe the 
Resolve made by this board. 

1751, March 26. Resolved by this board that notice 
shall be given to Cornells van Vegte and Jeremiah Pe- 
merton that they are to come to the clerk between this 
day and next Saturday before one of the clock in y e after- 
noon of that day in order to pay or give surety to the 
Resolve made on the 2 day of this instant, march, for the 
sum they have bought the ferry or else it will be sold to 
any other person. 

Whereas application is made to this board by the Car- 
men of this city that their is no mention made in the 
last ordinance about riding bricks and hay, therefore 
it is resolved by this board that they shall have for every 
load of bricks sixpence, and for every load of hay two 



The City Records. 143 

shillings, and for every load of grain or salt, if they must 
carry it from or up a garret, out or in a seller, for e.very 
such frait sixpence and no more. 

1751, April 4. Persuant to a Resolve made on the 
26th day of March the said Cornelis van Vegte and Jere- 
miah Pemerton were sarved with a copy and sumons 
thereof, and no notice is taken of the same by them or 
either of them, therefore this board is of opinion that 
y e said Cornelis and Jeremiah are from henceforth dis- 
charged. 

Whereas Mr. Job's Ten Broeck and Mr. Barnardus Bratt 
have this day farmed the city ferry from this board for 
five pounds New York currancy and to give surety within 
fourteen days, and to take no more ferriage than is Re- 
solved by this board on the 26 day of February last, and 
an ordinance be published that no person or persons 
shall presume to ferry than the above named persons on 
forfiteing three shillings for every default. 

1751, Aug. 15. John Carindus appeared here in Com- 
mon Councill and produced a kind of ore which he says 
he has found within the limits of this city, and agreed 
with this board to show to two persons of this board the 
place, and if it appears to be a mine then he is to have 
one thousand pounds and fifty pounds yearly during his 
naturall life out of the said mine, after all charges paid 
and not otherwise. 

1751, Sept. 29. This being the day appointed by the 
Charter for choosing and electing corporation officers, 
the following persons where choosen to serve for the 
year ensueing according to the directions of the Charter: 

First Ward John De Peyster, Johannis van Sante, 
aldermen; Jellis de Garmo, John Wendell, assistants; 
Marta Mynderse and John Danels, constables. 

Second Ward Jacob Ten Eyck, John Glen, aldermen; 
John Rutse Bleecker, John Beekman, Jr., assistants; 
Hendrick Bleecker, Jr. and Phelip Lansing, constables. 

Third Ward Abraham Douw, Harme Gansevoort, 
aldermen; Isaak Swits, Harmanus Wendell, assistants; 
John Cluet, Jr. and Volkert G. van den Bergh, constables. 



144 The City Records. 

The Common Councill choose John Roseboom treasurer 
or chamberlain, he to find sufficient sueretyes to be 
bound for the due execution of his office. Johannis Se- 
ger, marchell, John Cluet, Jr., high constable. 

1751, Oct. 8. Resolved by this board that the Block- 
houses be repaired and that the aldermen and assistants 
of each ward shall view the same, each in their respec- 
tive wards, and order to be done what is necessary and 
that the cost thereof shall be paid out of the wheat now 
in the treasurer's custody. 

It is further Resolved to send a Letter to the members 
of the city and county of Albany with the accounts for 
the matirals and work done, &c. occasioned by the late 
warr to the following persons, chiefly iraployed by order 
of the corporation, as judging at that time necessary for 
the security of this city and county, which runs thus: 

Gentlemen: We inclose you once more a list and the 
accounts of the debts contracted the past warr in the 
defence of this city and county, which we have carefully 
examined, and what we adjudged did particularly belong 
to this city we have deducted thereout, as you will find 
per the inclosed accounts, which are all attested except 
a few persons, some of whome are absent, some removed 
and some dead. The debts of this corporation are very 
considerable and the income hetherto very inconsider- 
able, so that we are at present in a very deplorable con- 
dition. We therefore beg you use your endeavour with 
the Honourable House to give this corporation such re- 
lief as the distressed circumstances of this corporation 
require, as they in their wisdom shall seem meet. We 
wish you all helth and are with due respect, Gentlemen, 

Your most obliged Humble Servants. 
To Mr. Hans Hansen: 

Sir We have this day wrote the members of this city 
and county, and as you are one of them, we think it 
needless to give you here the contents thereof, shall 
therefore only refer you to it, and beg the favour of you 
that you will use your utmost endeavour to put things 
forward for a Collony charge, and if that can't be done 



The City Records. 145 

then desire you to use your endeavour to gitt the same to 
be paid by this city and county ; and as you have lately 
been a member of this corporation it needs not to intbrme 
you of our deplorable condition. We are with due respect. 
P. S. This please to keep to yourself, and if you judge 
proper we desire you to speak to the chief justice whom, 
we doubt not but will assist you to make it a Colony 
charge. 

1751, Oct. 25. This board appointed the following 
persons fire masters for the ensueing year: 

John Williams, Cornelis Clase van den Berg, first 
ward; Anthony Bleecker, Gerardus Lansingh, second 
ward; Johannis Jacobse Lansing, Johannis Gansevoort, 
third ward. 

1752, April 28. Resolved and ordered by this board 
that the old Seal of this corporation now in the hands 
and possession of the present mayor be changed and 
altered, and that there be a new Seal in its place, which 
new Seal being now produced to this board and approved 
of by them, the same is ordered to be lodged in the 
hands of our present clerk in his office for the use and 
behoof of this corporation, and that the present now 
new Seal be henceforth our Seal and called, deemed and 
esteemed the Common Seal of this corporation untill it 
be altered and changed, and the aforesaid former Seal be 
null and void and dead in law, to all intents and pur- 
poses whatsoever, and that the same be hereafter no 
more called the Common Seal of this corporation, nor to 
be made use of as such to any act, instrument, deed or 
other writeing hereafter at the perill of the possessor 
thereof. And it is further Resolved and ordered that 
our present new Seal shall not be made use of to any 
writeing or instrument whatsoever, except it be in our 
Common Councill, and that a majority of our Common 
Councill shall have the direction to what instruments 
and purposes i( shall be made use of and not otherwise. 

1752, June 8. The mayor acquainted this board that 
Peter Wraxell, Esq. had produced his majesty's Signet 
and Royal sign manuel to be town clerk of this city in 



146 The City Record*. 

the last mayor's court held for this city, did then and 
there require of the mayor and aldermen then present to 
qualify him there in said office; whereupon this board 
Resolved to send the mayor to said Wraxell. Esq. with 
the following answer, viz 1 : That they desired some time 
to consult with men of more judgment in such matters 
as they could pretend, and that this board should then 
give him their answer; whereon it is further Resolved 
by this board to write to his Excellency the Honourable 
George Clinton, Esq. the following Letter, and that the 
mayor sign the same in behalf of this. corporation of this 
city. 

ALBANY, y e 8 June, 1752. 

To his Excellency the Hon'ble George Clinton, Esq. &c. 
May it please your Excellency After our Respects to 
your Excellency in the most Humblest manner presented, 
we beg leave and think it our duty to acquaint your 
Excellency that Peter Wraxell, Esq. appeared on the 
second instant in the mayor's court then held for this 
city before the mayor, recorder and some of the alder- 
men of this city then present, and did then and there 
produce to us in court his majesty's Signet and Royal 
sign manuel, unpresidented unto us, whereby the said 
Wraxell was constituted and appointed town clerk, clerk 
of the peace and clerk of the common pleas in the city 
and county of Albany, and to be the secretary or agent 
for the Government of New York to the Indians ; the said 
commission appeared to us to be recorded in the Secre- 
tary's office of New York, in Lib: Comissions C 1, page 
4, and also appeared thereon a certificate under Gold- 
brew Banjard, Esq's hand and seal, that said Wraxwell 
had taken the oaths appointed by law, and that he the 
said Banjard had administered unto him an oath for the 
full execution of the severall offices mentioned in said 
comission (except the office of town clerk of the city of 
Albany), further added in said certificate that the office 
was to be sworn by the Charter of the said city before 
the mayor and aldermen of the said city, and demanded 
in said mayor's court of the mayor, recorder and alder- 



The City Records. 147 

men then and there present, to quallifye him in the office 
of town clerk, did the same in the court of sessions and 
common pleas. Whereupon the Common Council of this 
city met, and it was Resolved as it was a cause of great 
consiquence and unpresidented to them, and a town clerk 
already qualifyed in obediance to a former commission 
under the great Seal of our province of New York, to 
reserve our answer untill we had considered and con- 
sulted those of more experience and judgment in such 
matters as we can pretend to, for which reasons we 
hereby humbly apply to your Excellency to write us a 
few lines signifying to us therein how and in what man- 
ner your Excellency thinks best and safest for us and our 
Charter to act in this dubious and important affair, as 
we trust your Excellency and believe will give us better 
advise as we can expect of any other we can apply to. 
We conclude wishing your Excellency and all yours, 
health and prosperity, and are with profound respect, 

Your Excellency obedient and most humble servants. 

1752, June 16. Resolved by this board to give Mr. 
Smith three pound for his advise relating the swearing 
Mr. Wraxel in the office of town [clerk] for this city. 
Mr. Jacob Ten Eyck disbursed the said three pounds as 
also eighteen shillings to Job's Seger, which is allowed 
to him by this board. 

Resolved that an order be drawn upon the Treasurer 
for so much wheat to be paid to Jacob Ten Eyck for the 
3:: 8, at the rate of 3s. 9d. per skiple, and to charge 
Job's Seger account for 18s. 

1752, June 25. The mayor produced a Letter from 
his Excellency the Governour, dated y e 18 June, 1752, 
which is an answer to our Letter entered on record the 
8 of this instant, June. 

The mayor also produced Mr. Smith's advice under his 
hand what regular steps to be takein relateing the swear- 
ing of Mr. Wraxell in the office of town clerk, and ac- 
cording to a Resolve made the 16 of this instant, Mr. 
Jacob Ten Eyck has paid him three pound. 

1752, June 29. Whereas Peter Wraxell, Esq. pro- 



148 The City Records. 

duced a commission to us, from his majesty, under his 
Royall Signet and sign manuel, dated at St. James on the 
15th November, 1750, and delivered to us a copy thereof 
certifyed thereon it to be a true copy of his majesty's 
signet and sign manual, and the certificates thereon of 
the deputy secretary of the province of New York to be 
also true, the same is recorded in the Secretary's office 
of this province appointing him town clerk, clerk of the 
peace and clerk of the common pleas in this county and 
city during his majesty's pleasure, and also hath produced 
a certificate of Golbrew Bangar, deputy secretary of this 
province, that by virtue of his majesty's writ of didimus 
Potestatem to him directed, dated 23 day of October, 1746, 
to swear all officers then and thereafter to be appointed 
within the said province, he did on the 27th day of May 
last administer to the said Peter Wraxell, Esq. the usual 
State oaths and also the declaration as by law appointed 
and received his subscription to the said oaths and declara- 
tion, and that he did then also administer unto him an 
oath for the full execution of the several offices men- 
tioned in his majesty's Signet and Royal sign manual, 
except the office of town clerk of the city of Albany, 
which officers is by the Charter of the said city to be 
sworn before the mayor and aldermen of the said city, as 
by the said certificate dated in the city of New York the 
twenty-seventh day of May, 1752, doth appear, and the 
said Peter Wraxell thereupon hath desired us to admin- 
ister to him the oath required by law for the faithful ex- 
ecution of the said office of town clerk. 

And whereas Harme Gansevoort, Esq. hath produced 
to us a commision in his majesty's name under the Seal 
of this province, bearing date the twenty-fifth day of 
September, 1850, appointing him town clerk, clerk of 
the peace and clerk of the common pleas in this city and 
county of Albany, to hold the said offices for so long a 
time as he shall behave himself well, and it appears to us 
that on or about the second day of October, 1750, he 
produced the said commission and was duly sworn faith- 
fully to execute the said offices, and thereupon entred 



The City Records. 149 

upon execution of the said office and took possession of the 
public records belonging to the offices and now hath pos- 
session of the same, and the said Harme Gansevoort still 
claimeth right by vertue of the said commission to hold 
the offices and the appurtenances pursuant to the said 
comission. 

We therefore being willing to pay all due obedience to 
his majesty and the law, and by no means to prejudice 
the right of the contending parties, but to have them 
dispute each others title in due course of law, do there- 
fore at the desire of the said Peter Wraxell, Esq., in con- 
formity to what, hath been already done by vertue of the 
didimus potestatem aforesaid, consent to administer to 
him the oath for the faithfull execution of the office of 
town clerk, at the same time by no means intending to 
convey or transfer any right thereby other than what is 
consistant with law or to prejudice the right of the said 
Harme Gansevoort. 

June 29th, 1752, Peter Wraxell, Esq. was sworn in 
the said office of town clerk accordingly. 

1752, June 30. Whereas Peter Wraxell, Esq. made 
application yesterday in Common Councill and demanded 
an order from them on Mr. Harme Gansevoort for the 
records, whereupon it is Resolved by this board to in- 
form themselves further, and that they can not as yet 
give any such order untill they have further advise, and 
that the said Gansevoort lays claim thereto by vertue of 
his comission. 

Be it ordained by the mayor, recorder, aldermen and 
assistants of the city of Albany in Common Councill 
convened, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of 
the same, that our new Seal which is called the common 
seal, now in the possession of the present clerk, shall 
and may be forthwith used to all instruments, writeings 
whatsoever (excepting to such grants, leases, bonds, bills) 
relateing to this corporation, which are to be executed 
and sealed in Common Council. And be it ordained by 
the authority aforesaid, that there shall be paid to the 
mayor or aldermen three shillings for their fees and to 



150 The City Records. 

the clerk for puling the seal to any instrument six shil- 
lings for the use of the corporation and one shilling for 
the clerk's own use. If used to a freedom, of every mer- 
chantt, trader, shopkeeper, the sum of thirty shillings 
current money of the colony of New York, and every 
handicraft tradesman the sum of twelve shillings and not 
under, to be remitted into the office for which the dark 
is accountable to the corporation. 

1752, August 31. The mayor produced to this board 
a true copy of the minutes of the Governour and Councill 
wherein they desire the mayor, aldermen and comonalty 
of this city to have such repair done at present as is 
necessary for this winter season for y e Sweg Garrison, 
and that the Governour and Councill will strongly re- 
commend to the Generall Assembly for the payment 
thereof. And be it Resolved by this board that a Letter 
be wrote to Mr. Holland, now commanding officer of the 
said Garrison, to procure so much bark to make the roof 
tyth, and that two glass windows be made and sent by 
the first opportunity. 

1752, Oct. 12. Resolved by this board that the order 
was given to Mr. Abraham Douw on the treasurer of 
New York, by a resolution made on the 26 day of Feb- 
ruary, I75y, is hereby countermanded, and that notice 
be given thereof to the said Abraham Douw. 

And it is further Resolved by this board that a new 
order be given to Mr. James Stevenson on the treasurer 
of New York for 250, which is allowed by the Generall 
Assembly to this corporation, and his receipt shall be a 
sufficient discharge, and that the clerk shall sign the 
said order by vertue of this resolution. 

1752, Sept. 29. This day being appointed by the 
Charter for electing and choosing corporation officers, 
the following were choosen to serve for the ensueing 
year according to the directions af the Charter: 

First Ward John de Peyster and Johannis Van Sante, 
aldermen; Volkert P. Douw and Barent H. Ten Eyck, 
assistants ; Harmanus Schuyler and Gerrit Van Sante, Jr., 
constables. 



The City Records. 151 

Second Ward Jacob Ten Eyck and John Glen, alder- 
men; John R. Bleecker and John Beekman, assistants; 
David Groesbeck, Jr. and Jacob Bleeker constables. 

Third Ward Abraham Douw, Harme Gansevoort, 
aldermen; Peter de Wandelaer, Joh's Ja. Lansingh, as- 
sistants; Hendrick Everse, William G l van den Bergh, 
constables. 

The Common Councill appointed John Roseboom for 
city treasurer or chamberlain ; Johannis Seger for mar- 
chall. 

1752, Nov. 3. This board appointed the following 
persons fire masters for this city for the ensueing year: 

John Van Deusen, Peter Lansing, for the first ward; 
Anthony Bleecker, Samuel Pruyn for y e second ward; 
Johannis Becker, Jun'r, Anthony van der See, for y e third 
ward. 

Ordered that warrents be given to the fire masters of 
each ward accordingly, and that the clerk sign the same 
by order of the Common Councill. 

Whereas Mr. James Stevenson, by an order of the 
mayor, aldermen and assistants of this city received from 
y e treasurer of New York the sum of ,250, New York 
money, which said sum of money was allowed by the 
Generall Assembly to this corporation. Resolved by this 
board that Mr. James Stevenson's bond be discharged out 
of the said 250, which bond with the interest amount to 
139:13; done accordingly. That the overplus remain 
in his hands till further orders. 

It is further Resolved that on the King's birthday, 
which will be the tenth of this instant month, shall be 
spent the sum of three pound ten shillings. 

1752, Dec. 6. Resolved by this board that y e dark 
write a Letter, directed to Harme Kuickerbaker, Johan- 
nis de Wandelaer and Wouter Groesbeek. to consult with 
the rest of their neighbours to send a proper person to 
give an answer wether they will consent to leave the 
disputes for the rent and arrearages due to us to three 
indifferent persons, and make their answer on or before 
the 25 day of this instant, December, otherwise they 



152 The City Records. 

may expect to be prosecuted, and that the clerk sign the 
same in behalf of the Common Councill. 

1753, Jan. 9. Resolved that an order be drawn upon 
the treasurer to deliver unto Joh's Seger all the paper 
money now in his custody belonging to this city to pay 
Jacob Ten Eyck part of a bond, and that y e clerk sign y e 
same in behalf of the Common Councill. 

By vertue of the above order, Joh's Seger delivered 
here in Common Councill the sum of thirty pounds in 
paper bills. 

Mr. James Stevenson has this day delivered in Com- 
mon Councill the sum of one hundred and ten pounds 
seven shillings, which being the remainder of the two 
hundred and fifty pounds which he has received by vertue 
of an order from the Common Councill from y e treasurer 
in York. 

This board has this day in Common Councill paid to 
Jacob Ten Eyck the sum of one hundred and twenty 
pounds, and also one pound ten shillings interest for y e 
same, in part of a bond of two hundred pounds and have 
taken receipts upon the back of the said bond for the 
same. 

This board sends by Joh's Seger one Bag with eighteen 
pounds twelve shillings in pennys and one five shilling 
bill, as also a note of hand from Marta Mynderse for 
twelve pounds, to deliver y e treasurer and take a receipt 
for the same, which receipt is to be delivered to y e 
mayor. 

1753, April 6. Resolved that an order be drawn on 
the treasurer to pay Joh's Seger 3:2 in pennis and 3 
skipple wheat, and charge his account for y e same. To 
John Flansburgh 6s. for mending y e Stocks. 

1743, May 8. This board ordered the clerk to draw 
an order on the city treasurer to pay Elisabeth van Olinde 
the sum of three pounds ten shillings out of the seven 
pounds allowed to John Bell y 6 7th day of December, 
1745, for being hangman and whipper and charge the 
same to his account ; the clerk to sign in behalf of the 
Common Council!. 



( 153) 

CITY DOCUMENTS. 

FREEDOMS PURCHASED, 1781. 



Gerrit G. Lansingb, Merchant j 


S3 12 


Hugh Orr do 


3 12 


John Shepherd do 


3 12 


John Waters do 


3 12 


Henry Hart do 


3 12 


*Edmund Buttler do 


3 12 


John Easton, Cordwainer 


1 16 


Gerrit Hyer, Peruke Maker 


1 16 


Henry Cook, Blacksmith 


1 16 


Charles Newman, Merchant .. 


3 12 


John Folson, Silver Smith 


1 16 


John Malev, Merchant 


3 12 


Robert Wright, do 


3 12 


I vie Chambers do 


3 12 


John Fontfreyde, French Merchant a Permitt. 


3 12 


Colin Gibson, Taylor 


1 16 


Joseph Hall, Silver Smith 


1 16 


Benjamin Wallace . 


3 


Edward Cumpston, Merchant 


3 12 


Andrew Abel, Cordwainer 


1 16 


John Ram, Baker 


1 16 


Hugh Me Adam , Merchant 


3 12 


Melancton Smith do 


3 12 


Maus R. Van Vranken do 


3 12 


Nathaniel Stephens do 


3 12 


Francis Carbines do 


3 12 


Thomas Sickles do 


3 12 


Henry Finn do 


3 12 


Coenradt Scherp do 


3 12 


James Campbell, Feltmaker.. ......... .. 


1 16 


John Robison, Merchant 


3 12 



[Annals, x.] 14 



154 City Documents. 



ANCIENT BURIAL GROUND. 

[It appears by the following document found among 
the common council papers, that the plot of ground used 
for sepulture on the west of Eagle street, between State 
and Lancaster streets, was appropriated to that purpose 
in 1789. The property owned by the Lutheran church 
on Park street was the site of their allotment as a burial 
place. Before this time each church had its grave yard 
adjacent to or near the church to which it belonged. The 
Dutch Reformed Church was at the foot of State street, 
and its grave yard was where the Middle Dutch Church 
now stands. The Lutheran Church was where the 
Centre Market stands and its grave yard adjoined on the 
south. The Episcopal was in State street opposite to 
Chapel stree t,and its grave yard near the present site of 
St. Peter's. The Presbyterian .Church was near the 
corner of Grand and Hudson streets, and its grave yard 
adjoined on the east. The High Dutch Church, as it is 
here called, was between Patroon and Orange streets, 
west of Ten Broeck, with its grave yard adjoining. It 
was now proposed to have a common burial place, and 
the site recommended by the Committee was adopted by 
the common council.] 

The committee appointed to locate a place for a com- 
mon burying ground for the city report that on the east 
adjoining the lot on which the barracks were burned 
lately conveyed by the board to BarentBleeker on which 
a vault has lately been made is five acres of ground very 
proper to be appropriated for that purpose being of excel- 
lent soil and a very gradual descent and on the Southern 
declivity of the hill, will never prove pernicious to the 
springs which supply the city with water and which is a 
very important objection to the present burying in the 
ground of the Episcopal and Lutheran churches the 
boundaries of which common burying ground we would 
locate as follows: bounded on the North by Prince street, 
on the East by Duke street, on the South by Predeau 



City Documents. 155 

street, on the West by the lot of Barent Bleeker in which 
the vault is made which ground contains five acres. 

THOS. HUN, 

Sept. 19, 1789. T. V. W. GRAHAM. 

The committee further report that the most eastern 
acre of the above burying ground be granted to the cor- 
poration of the Presbyterian church, and the next acre to 
the Episcopal church, and the next acre to the Lutherian 
church, and the east half of the third acre be for the 
reformed iiigh Dutch church, and the most western acre 
and remaining half acre to the Dutch church. 



AGREEMENT WITH THE WHARF 
ASSOCIATION. 

We the Trustees of the Associated Company of Pro- 
prietors of the Wharves and Quays in the City of Albany 
being fully impowered by the Articles of our Association 
to receive any additional Associates do hereby covenant 
and agree to and with the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the City of Albany, to receive into our Asso- 
ciation, the Public Wharves belonging to the said City, 
for and during the term of our Association. Provided, 
that the rates of Wharfage shall be continued during the 
said term at one shilling and sixpence per Ton, and in 
the same proportion by the day ; and we do in behalf of 
ourselves and Associates further covenant and agree to 
and with the said Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of 
the said City of Albany, that we will pay to the said 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty, or their order, the 
full proportion of all monies which shall be collected for 
Wharfage and other Duties arising from or upon the said 
Wharves and Quays aforesaid, estimated according to the 
number offset of Wharf owned by each of the said Asso- 
ciated Proprietors, deducting only the Expense of Col- 
lection and the rents of the Wharves leased by the said 
Proprietors from other persons. And we do further 
covenant and agree to and with the said Mayor, Alder- 



156 City Documents. 

men and Commonalty that the Books and Accounts of 
our Wharfinger shall be produced for Examination to the 
Mayor or Recorder at any time and as often as they shall 
think proper, or to the Chamberlain by their order. In 
witness whereof, we the Trustees of the Associated 
Company of Proprietors of Wharves and Quays in the 
City of Albany, liave hereunto set our hands this twenty 
second day of April, in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand eight hundred. 

G. W. V. SCHAICK, 
JOHN ROBISON, 
FRANCIS BLOODGOOD, 

Trustees of certain Proprietors of Wharfs. 
Witness, 
ABRAHAM GROESBEECK. 



WARRANTY DEED OF A NEGRO SWEEP. 

This Indenture made the fifth day of December, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety- 
four, between the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of 
the City of Albany, of the first part, and Abraham Blood- 
good, of the City of Albany, Merchant, of the second 
part, 

Witnesseth, that the said parties of the first part in 
consideration of the sum of eighty-five pounds of lawful 
money of the State of New York, to them in hand paid 
by the said party of the second part, at or before the en- 
sealing and delivery of these presents the receipt \vhereof 
is hereby acknowledged, have bargained and sold, and by 
these presents do bargain and sell unto the said party of 
the second part, his executors, administrators and assigns, 
a certain Negro Man Slave being a Chimney Sweep, called 
Csesar, which Negro, the said parties of the first, shall 
and will at all times hereafter warrant and defend to the 
said party of the second part, his Executors, Administrat- 
ors and Assigns against the lawful claim of all persons 
whomsoever. And the said party of the second part, for 



City Documents. 157 

himself, his Heirs, Executors and Administrators, doth 
covenant with the said parties of the first and their suc- 
cessors in manner following, that is to say, that the said 
party of the second part, his Executors and Administrat- 
ors, shall and will during the life of the said Negro or so 
long as he remains, his or their slave cause him to work 
in the City of Albany as a chimney sweep, subject to the 
ordinances and resolutions of the parties of the first part 
and their successors in common council convened, and 
that the said party of the second part, his executors or 
administrators shall not at any time hereafter sell the 
said Negro, before he or they shall by writing directed 
and delivered to the said parties of the first or their 
successors in common council convened, have given them 
the refusal of the said Negro at the sum of eighty-five 
pounds or such less sum as he shall bona fide be offered 
for sale at. In witness whereof, I Abraham Yates, 
Junior, Mayor of the said City, have hereto set my hand 
and caused the seal of the said city, to be affixed the day 
and year first above written. And the said party of the 
second part hath hereto also set his hand and seal the 
same day and year. 

ABRAHAM YATES, Jun., 

Mayor. 

Sealed and delivered in the 
presence of 

ELBERT WILLETT, ABR. BLOODGOOD. 

JOHN CAMPBELL. 



BILL OF SALE OF POMPEY, A SLAVE, TO 
THE CORPORATION. 

Know all men by these presents, that I, Davis Hunt, 
of the town of Watervliet, in the County of Albany, for 
and in consideration of the sum of sixty-five pounds of 
lawful money of New York, to me in hand paid by the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of Albany 
at the sealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt 



158 City Documents. 

whereof, I the said Davis Hunt, do hereby acknowledge, 
have granted, bargained and sold, and by these presents 
do grant, bargain and sell unto the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the City of Albany, and their successors, 
a negro man slave named Pompey, of the age of forty- 
two years. To have and to hold the said negro man 
slave above bargained and sold or mentioned or intended 
so to be to the said Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty 
of the City of Albany and their successors forever, and I 
the said Davis Hunt, for myself, my Heirs, Executors and 
Administrators, the said negro man slave, unto the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of Albany, 
and their successors against me the said Davis Hunt, my 
Executors and Administrators, and against all and every 
other person or persons whatsoever shall and will warrant 
and forever defend by these presents. In witness whereof 
I have hereunto set my hand and seal at the City of 
Albany this twenty-second day of June, in the year one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety-five. ' 
Sealed and delivered in the > DAVIS HUNT. 

presence of $ 

JOHN J. OSTRANDER. 

The word Aldermen wrote on erasure in the eleventh 
line of this instrument before execution hereof. 
Sealed and delivered in the 
presence of us 

PETER BEEKMAN, 

ISAAC SLINGERLANDT, Jun. 



OPENING OF FERRY STREET. 

The Committee appointed to confer with a Committee 
of the Consistory of the Dutch Church, report that the 
Committee of the Dutch Church propose as follows : 

1st. To lay out a Street of sixty feet wide in the Pas- 
ture from the house of Jacob Truax to the Ferry Lot on 
a straight line. 

2d. To give up their ground as present occupie d as a 
street, leading from the Ferry House to Washington street, 



City Documents. 159 

and to relinguish their right to a compensation therefore, 
this Corporation consenting that the consistory stop up 
the road as it formerly run through their Pasture to the 
South Ward and of the Ferry House. 

3d. The Corporation of the Church to give as much 
ground in the rear of the lot on which the Ferry House 
stands, as to replace the quantity of ground of the said 
lot, appropriated to the use of the said street, leading 
from the East corner of the Ferry House to Washington 
street. 

The Corporation of the Church to be permitted to 
remove the Bridge across 4;he Treols Kill so far West as 
to bring it in the aforesaid sixty feet street, they to be 
at the expense of removing it. 

21 Sept,, 1789. LEONARD GANSEVOORT, Jun. 

JOHN PRICE, 
HENRY TEN EYCK. 

Resolved that the said Committee be authorised to 
accede to the above proposals on behalf of this Board, 
21st Sept., 1789. 



PROPOSALS FOR KEEPING THE WATCH, 1787. 

Proposals from the Subscribers on which they will 
undertake and engage to perform in a Rotation their part 
of the Duty of Watchmen for the City of Albany. 

That the said Watchmen be allowed and paid the sura 
of two shillings and six pence in cash for every night they 
may do duty as watchmen, which money or wages to be 
duly paid quarterly at the expiration of every three 
months. 

That the Corporation make an allowance of six pence 
per night during the winter season for wood and candles, 
that is from the first of November to the last of April, 
and three pence a week during the rest of the year. 

That the Corporation find a convenient room for a 
watch house in some convenient part of the City. 



160 City Documents. 

That the Corporation allow three shillings per night to 
be paid as aforesaid, the watchmen finding every thing 
but a room to watch in on the above conditions, we are 
willing to undertake and perform our part as watchmen. 
ROBERT HEUSON, JACOB BLOOMENDALL, 

HENRY RADLIFF, JAMES RADLIFF, 

JAMES THOMPSON, MARTIN REISE. 

COMMON COUNCIL ADDRESS TO THE PUBLIC 

ON THE GREAT FIRE OF 1793. 
The Corporation of the City of Albany viewing the 
conduct of those who were present at the calamitous 
disaster occasioned by the late destructive fire in this 
city, while with pain and regret they recollect the inac- 
tivity and seeming unconcern of some few, can not pass 
by expressing their hearty and unfeighed thanks to all 
those who in that time of general anxiety and distress, 
generously and freely steped forward and gave their 
aid to the relief of our fellow citizens, in subdueing the 
destructive flames then surrounding us, while we express 
the gratitude of the citizens whom we represent to the 
one class, a contemplation of the other fills us with feel- 
ings too painful and disagreeable to be uttered, would 
the exertions of individuals be noticed with propriety, 
the tribute would gratefully be paid, the thanks of the 
corporation, however, are hereby publicly given to all 
those and particularly to our neighbours from the country 
and adjacent towns who so generously and opportunely 
give their needed aid, exertions and assistance. The 
conduct of the citizens and country people at the last fire 
in the stable of General Gansevoort in Maidens Lane, 
and their strenuous efforts, particularly demand and have 
the warmest thanks and hearty approbations of this Board. 
We must at the same time remark, that if a strict silence 
was observed by all except those who are intrusted with 
the command, and who will be at such times distinguished 
by a white sash, it would be the means of preventing the 
confusion which is too frequent on those melancholy 
occasions. 



City Documents. 161 

FAST DAY RECOMMENDED TO THE COMMON 
COUNCIL BY THE CLERGY, ON ACCOUNT OF 
THE FIRE OF 1797. 

Gentlemen: Albany, August 9th, 1797. 

Having taken into consideration the late dreadful ca- 
lamity which has befallen our city, and convinced that 
the judgment of God and their procuring cause the sins 
of the community, call for deep humiliation and repent- 
ance, we have determined to observe next Wednesday as 
a day of fasting and humiliation and prayer. This pur- 
pose we thought fit to communicate to your worshipful 
body, in order that ytm might if it seemed good, 
recommend it to the citizens at large. 
We remain, Gentlemen, 

with good consideration, 

Your very humble servants, 
ALEX. MILLER, DAVID S. BOGART, 

JOHN B. JOHNSON, JOHN BASSETT, 

ANTHONY T. BRAUN, 



A CORPORATION BILL FOR PUNCH. 
On the 3d of Sept. 1782, Hugh Denniston, who kept 
a noted tavern in Green street, furnished certain persons 
for the benefit of the city, with the following articles : 

9 Boals of Punch 1 16 

1 Mug of Beer 009 

1 Boal of Grog for Sager 020 

The Mayor was requested to pay the bill out of the 
corporation money. The following is a facsimile of 
the signature of the person who drank the two shilling 
boal of grog. 




( 162 ) 

GEOLOGY OF ALBANY COUNTY. 

Some Remarks respecting a point in the Geology of Alba- 
ny County, submitted to the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science. 

BY HENRY R. SCHOOLCRAPT. 

The attention of the writer was invited, at an early 
day, in the area of his nativity, to the mineralogical 
interest, revealed by the heavy dust deposits of the 
county. These led him to visit the deep cutting of its 
streams, which revealed agencies of a prominent kind, 
which must have had general power of action on the 
structure of plains and valleys; but which action had 
long ceased, and exercised but little present influence. 
Such action came to be regarded, as soon as we got books, 
as geological. 

In offering a few remarks on a feature in the strati- 
fication of a part of the country familiar to him from 
early days, embarrassment is felt in not having recently 
revisited the localities referred to. What is said therefore, 
is, to some extent, the reminiscence of past years. Some 
apology may, indeed, be due for calling attention to the 
facts at all, under the circumstances; nor should he do so, 
at a time when there are so many eminent and zealous 
observers in the field, whose studies are directed to geo- 
logical phenomena, were the facts I am about to name of 
such a character, on the scenic surface of the country, 
as to be likely to attract general notice. 

The most prominent feature of the county is the range 
of the Helderbergs, an off-shoot of the Catskill moun- 
tains. This highest range divides the county into two 
general levels of unequal width, characterized as being 
above or below that elevation. The lower level is distin- 
guished for nothing, on the surface, of so striking a char- 
acter as its diluvial and drift deposits of arable layers, 
clays, sands, analogic pebbles and boulders. The rock 
strata, as generally denoted by geologists, and more 



Geology of Albany County. 163 

particularly described by Mr. Hall, are, beginning at the 
apex of the Helderberg, chertz limestone, neutral colored 
sandstones, fossilliferous limestone, graywacke, sedimen- 
tary, horizontal slate, or graywacke slate, and argillite. 
This stratification, first noticed, it is believed, by the 
late Dr. T. Romeyn Beck, is exposed to view wherever 
the streams of the county have worked their beds imme- 
diately into it. 

The city of Albany rests on the edges and top of the 
terraceous blue clays and their associated sand strata. I 
do not know the height of the foundation of the Capitol, 
above the Hudson river. It can not be less than 140 feet, 
and the stiff escarpment of the clay beds cut down, at 
this point, preparatory to the building of the Capitol, were 
probably 18 or 20 feet. This terraceous clay is covered 
with a mantel or plateau of diluvial sand, which at the 
assumed elevation, extends northwestwardly from the 
Hudson to the valley of the Mohawk. It is sixteen miles 
from river to river, by about half the distance in breadth, 
where it is merged in the arable uplands. The area of 
this sand plain, sometimes called the Honicroisa tract, 
can not be less than one hundred and twenty square 
miles. It is not all equally arid, equally barren and 
unfit for every species of agriculture ; but it is, perhaps, 
to the impeachment of our agricultural acumen, a tract 
of remarkable dimensions, and that lying in the heart of 
the state, abstracted from the area of husbandry. Origi- 
nally covered with a magnificent forest of the pinus resi- 
nosa and shrubbery peculiar to arenaceous plains, the 
surface is now well nigh denuded: the winds have insinu- 
ated into the sides of hills, creating a species of dunes. 

Across this plain, in their journeys from the West, laid 
the ancient path of the Iroquois, who, impressed by its 
peculiarities of soil and growth, whichever way they 
crossed it, called it, in their expressive language, the 
Skenektadea * , a term which has been applied, with 

* The elements of this compound term are the word she, meaning 
through or among; Nek, a pine tree ; ta or dah, a formation of rock 
or hard soil, and dea, a plain or valley. The latter termination is 
heard in Tahopatatea, the Iroquois name of the Hudson in Canada, &c. 



164 Geology oj Albany County. 

modifications, at successive periods, to each of the cities 
situated on its eastern and western verge. 

This mantle of sand rests, throughout its entire extent, 
upon the terraceous blue capitoline clay. Rains and 
atmospheric moisture speedily sink through it, till 
arrested by its impervious aluminous basis. The effect 
of this arrangement has been to convert the strata into a 
vast filtering apparatus, by which the surface waters are 
at the same time, purified and cooled, and find their 
outlet, on the surface of the clay beds, into the nearest 
streams. But this filtering process has had another strik- 
ing effect on the mineral physiognomy of the central 
and southeastern parts of the county. The trickling of 
springs on the line of the aluminous strata, has carried 
along the quartzose grains of sand, causing the superin- 
cumbent beds to cave in. The result of this action has 
been to cut up the surface of the plains into gulfs, gorges 
and minor valleys. By throwing the arenaceous on the 
clay beds, a new soil is produced very favorable to the 
growth of deciduojis trees. These gorges and sub-valleys 
are therefore filled with hard wood species, while the arid 
and dry plains bear only pines. They furnish cool re- 
treats for every species of animated nature, during the 
heats of the day, and it is from the close and vigorous 
growth of the foliage, in these numerous gorges, that the 
wolf still maintains his position, and defies the farmer 
and his sheep-folds from these inaccessible positions. 

It is by the union of several of the outlets of these 
spring gorges of the pine plains, that the Honger kill is 
formed. Small in its volume, it is of unsurpassed purity 
and unfailing supply and flows with a force sufficient to 
sink its channel through the deep clay stratum, and enter 
its recipient, the Tawasentha, or Norman's kill, through 
the boulder and pebble drift. Like' other streams of pri- 
mary or secondary importance, the banks of this stream 
the ample space left for its outflow, and the elevation of its 
bordering hills, force the mind, on one of two conclusions, 
either that fluviatile action was, at former periods of 
comparatively immense force, or, that the time consumed 



Geology of Albany County. 165 

by the present feeble action on the earth's surface must 
have been very great. Feeble as the action of the stream 
is, it has been sufficient to reveal a formation of red sand- 
stone, which, apparently, underlies the under Helderberg 
series of graywacke and slates, and the upper series of 
fossiliferous limestone, and its superimposed porous and 
marly horizontal new sandstones. 

This disclosure was made in a depressed part of the 
Honger kill valley, in the course of excavations made in 
the heavy embankment constructed by the Western turn- 
pike company, in crossing that valley. The rock, in 
colors and grain, resembles* the Piermont or Haverstraw 
sandstones of the lower Hudson. It is perhaps, charac- 
teristically less quartzose and compact. It is also less 
apyrous, as was tested by placing a massive block, in the 
high heat of a glass burner. Another locality of the 
same rock, penetrates through the soil, in the same valley, 
at a higher point. * These localities are at the now 
decayed manufacturing village at Hamilton, within 
about a mile from the entrance of the stream into the 
Norman's kill, or Tawasentha. Geologically, but not 
topographically, the Honger kill sandstone underlies the 
state. 

The deepest cutting into the geological column of the 
county, is made by the Tawasentha. This stream in its 
western fork, the Roga or Mad creek, originates on the 
Helderberg range. In passing through the series of 
newer sandstones and limestones and graywackes it lays 
bare the succession of rocks, and hurries with a rapid 
channel to its junction, with the Swarte, or Black, and 
the Tiergaea, or north-east branch. Reinforced by these 
tributaries, it sweeps its way through the alluvial cover- 
ings, for the Hudson. In its progress it sinks its level 
quite through the graywacke, and deeply into the Tawa- 
sentha slate, which is a sedimentary or graywacke slate. 



* This latter locality was pointed out to me, as an anomaly, by 
the late John Schoolcraft, Jr., Esq., of Hamilton Village, or Guil- 
derland. 

[Annals, x.] 15 



J66 Geology of Albany County. 

At the rapids of the Globe mills, or French's and other 
parts of Guilderland, this rock stands in perpendicular 
facades, from eighty to, perhaps, a hundred and twenty 
feet high. They are least prominent opposite the Boulder 
banks at Mulberry hill, near the entrance of the Honger 
kill. At lower points of its course, the valley assumes 
a greater expansion ; and its precipices have suffered 
more from the degradations of elemental action. The river 
finally enters the Hudson, two miles south of the city, 
between the ancient Iroquois cemetery of Tawasentha * 
and Kiddenhoogliten. 

* This curious natural mound, or hillock, is connected with the 
diluvial formation, by a narrow rock, or peninsula. It was a spot 
sacred to sepulture, from the earliest time ; and furnished them a 
natural cognomen for the stream. There is no object of higher anti- 
quarian interest in the vicinity, and it is worthy of municipal care. 



( 167) 

THE CITY'S ANCIENT RATINES. 



Three considerable streams of water, which anciently 
traversed the city, have within the memory of many in- 
habitants, been converted into sewers, namely, the Foxen 
kill, the Rutten kill and the Bever kill. The Foxen kill, 
when the city was first settled, and for a long time after, 
afforded abundance of fish. It ran outside of the stock- 
ades, which for a great maify years formed the northern 
boundary of the city. It is but little more than a quarter 
of a century since it was crossed by a bridge in North 
Pearl street, near Orange. 

The Rutten kill was a lesser stream, having its source 
above Lark street, but which sent down a formidable 
volume of water in times of freshet. The inhabitants of 
the upper end of Beaver street, have an inkling of what 
it may have been when they are refreshed by a heavy 
rain storm. This also was a never-failing brook, stored 
with fish, and was the only one that came within the old 
city walls. Passing down the Hudson street ravine, it 
crossed Pearl street where the Congregational church 
stands, and entered the river a few feet below State 
street. In the oldest map of the city 1676, (see Annals 
vol. iv, p. 200), a brug marks the spot where it crossed 
the street now called Broadway. The city records fre- 
quently allude to these bridges. In January, 1701, we 
find the following entry: 

"It is further concluded since ye Bridges by Coll. 
Schuyler's doth decay, that Mr. Roseboom, Hendrik 
Oothout and Harpert Jacobse vizite ye same, and make 
returne ye next court what is required to be repaired." 

A meeting was held on the next day, when the follow- 
ing report was made: 

"Relating the bridge at Coll. Schuyler's, ye gentlemen 
yesterday appointed to vizite ye same do return that it 
requires to be repaired with one oak logg, of 17 foot, 12 



168 The C%'s Ancient Ravines. 

inches square; four posts, 10 foot, 10 inches square; two 
pine loggs of 10 foot, 1 foot square; three ditto 17 foot 
apiece ; three ditto of 20 foot; and one of 37 foot." 

In 1706 the following entry was made in the common 
council minutes relating to another of these bridges: 

"The petition of William Hogen relating ye bridge by 
ye Lutheran church being much out of repair desyreing 
that ye Common Couricill will take ye same into there 
wise consideration yt ye Bridge be repaired. It is 

"Resolved that in convenient time ye same shall be 
made sufficient to passe and repasse without danger." 

The Lutheran church alluded to occupied the ground 
of the Market house in South Pearl street, and its bur- 
ial ground was the site of the vegetable market adjoin- 
ing. Pearl Street, for a century after this, was but a 
lane, many persons now living remembering when a gate 
swung across it at State street. 

On the 13th April, 1706. the following record was made 
in the common council minutes: 

"As to ye Bridge towards ye Lutheriaen church, Mr. 
Hansen is agreed to make a sufficient and strong new 
bridge, laid with good plank two inches thick, wherefore 
he is to receive ye 5: 10 due from Evert Janse." 

Two years later we find the following entry: 

"The Commonalty being informed yt ye Bridge over 
ye Rutten kill in ye street lately known by ye name of 
ye ffuddamart is very much out of repair & decade, doe 
therefore order yt ye sd Bridge shall be made anew and 
yt Mr. Robt. Livingston & Coenraet Ten Eyk are ap- 
pointed to see ye sd bridge made upon ye Citty charges." 

"September 28. This day Mr. Robt. Livingston, Jun. & 
Conraet ten Eyk brought in their acct of makeing of ye 
Bridge over ye Rutten kill in ye street calld ye fodde 
mart, amounting in all after 2: 9: is deducted, wh is 
payd to them 7: 14: 4J wh is approved of by ye Com- 
monalty & ordered yt those persons are to have credt in 
ye Citty book for what there is due to them." 

Whether the name of this creek is derived from rats, 
as some suppose, it is infested with myriads of the lusti- 



The City's Ancient Ravines. 169 

est specimens of that vermin to this day. The creek is 
now a sewer throughout its entire length. The grading 
of the ravine which it traversed was nearly completed in 
1847, from Hawk to Lark street, and from Lydius to 
State. So late as 1827 it was an unbroken waste. Ea- 
gle street then extended no farther than the Lancaster 
School, now the Medical College. There were not a 
dozen buildings even on Lydius street from Pearl to 
Lark. When the unfortunate Strang was executed in 
its grassy valley in the above mentioned year, its green 
hills on either side were darkened by a multitude num- 
bering full thirty thousand. The clay banks on Lydius 
street furnished the city with bricks for a great number 
of years. During a period of about three years, two 
hundred and fifty men and sixty teams were employed 
upon the work of grading and filling this large area. 
The ravine, three hundred feet broad and fifty feet deep 
received the lofty banks upon its borders, and was raised 
to a convenient grade, whereby a large tract was reclaim- 
ed for habitation, that had been useless except for brick 
kilns, or basins where water gathered, furnishing reser- 
voirs for bathing and fishing to truant boys. Not less 
than six hundred thousand yards excavation was made 
in blue clay, and an equal amount of filling was done by 
one contractor. By this improvement Hudson street has 
become the most inviting avenue to the city, and comely 
blocks of dwellings already adorn most of the streets 
which intersect the area of the ancient Rutten kill. 



(170) 

SCEAPS FKOM THE DUTCH EECOEDS, 



The fort at Albany, the first Fort Orange, was built in 
1614 by Hendrik Christianse. There is a dispute where 
it was situated, although it is usually located on the Is- 
land at the lower end of the city. 

Barent Van Slechtenhorst, agent for the patroon, hav- 
ing quarreled with Gov. Stuyvessant about a question of 
jurisdiction, was arrested in 1652 and confined at New 
Amsterdam several months. 

There was a great mortality of cattle here in 1661. 

Also very high water Oct. 1 1 of the same year. 

Brick imported from Holland sold in 1661 for $4.16 a 
thousand, payable in beaver skins. 

The small pox produced great mortality at this place 
in 1663. 

In the oath of allegiance taken by the officers of gov- 
ernment, they swore to "maintain the reformed religion 
in conformity to the word of God and the decrees of the 
synod of Dordrecht." 

As early as 1628 frequent mention is made of blacks 
owned as slaves in the colony. 

The custom of sons adopting the Christian names of 
their fathers for their own surnames, came into use as 
early as 1638, and leads to a good deal of confusion. 
Thus Gerrit, the son of Wolfert Gerritsen, was known 
as Gerrit Wolfertsen that is, Gerrit the son of Wolfert. 

Seven morgens of land were equal to fifteen acres. 

When two fought with knives, a custom of frequent 
occurrence at this time, the survivor was held guilty of 
murder if he stabbed his antagonist and death ensued; 
but only of manslaughter if he cut or slashed him. In 
1642 fighting with knives was wholy prohibited. 

A beaver skin was worth 2s 6d in 1641. 



Scraps from the Dutch Records. 171 

An ordinance was passed in 1645 forbidding the sale 
of powder and ball to the Indians on pain of death. 

The trial of an appeal from the court in Rensselaer- 
wyk was held before the governor and council in 1645. 

The salary of the Rev. Gideon Schaats, minister at 
Fort Orange, was 1200 guilders, about $480. 

Beaver skins were not to be sold at Boston, 1663. 

Claverack received its name in 1664. 

About the same time a sloop was permitted to sail 
every Monday from New Amsterdam to Fort Orange, 
provided that not more than six passengers at a time be 
allowed to go in her. 

Although the name Ten Broek occurs so frequently in 
the very entertaining history of New York by Knicker- 
bocker, yet no mention is made of such a family in the 
Dutch records. It is probable, therefore, that they emi- 
grated to this country after 1664. The name Harden- 
broek is found in the records. 



(1T2) 

MACAULEY'S ACCOUNT OF ALBANY. 



In the year 1610 the Dutch East India company sent 
hither one ship for the purpose of trading with the na- 
tives. Ships belonging to the same company visited New- 
York bay and Hudson's river successively, in the years 
1611, 1612, and 1613, but no attempt was made at settle- 
ment. 

The States General of the Netherlands, in the early 
part of the year 1614, granted a patent to sundry mer- 
chants for an exclusive trade on Hudson's river. In the 
grant the country was styled New Netherlands. The 
company the same year built a fort and trading house on 
an island in the river, about half a mile below where the 
city of Albany now stands. Henry Christiaens was en- 
trusted with the command. This seems to have been 
the first establishment formed by the Dutch in the New 
Netherlands. It was judiciously selected for defence a- 
gainst savages. The island at present is called Dunn's 
island, and contains about seventy acres of land. It is 
near the west side of the river. It is alluvial and very 
fertile, being mostly subject to annual inundations. The 
land was cleared and under cultivation. The Mohawks 
every year planted it with corn. On this island they 
had a small village. Dunn's island now contains one 
house. 

Towards the latter part of the same year the company 
erected another small fort and a trading house at the 
southerly end of Manhattan island. The fort occupied 
a part of the battery, and some of the grounds adjoining 
it on the north. To this establishment they gave the 
name of New Amsterdam. Both were enclosed with 
stockadoes and mounted with some small pieces of 
cannon. The Mohawks, Mohiccons, &c. gave to the 
Dutch a very friendly reception. They sold them furs 
and provisions, and treated them like brethren. They 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 173 

imagined that the residence of these strangers would be 
only temporary. 

In 1615 the company constructed a small fort at the 
mouth of Norman's kill, about a mile and a half south- 
erly of the fort on Dunn's island. The place where the 
city of Albany stands and the adjoining parts, the Mo- 
hawks called Schaunaughtada, that is, a place beyond, 
on the other side, or over the plains. The designation 
was, in respect to Ohnowalagantle, on the river Mohawk 
or Canneogahakalononitade. At the time the Dutch ar- 
rived several small bands of Mohawks resided on the 
west bank of the Hudson* and on the islands in that 
stream. The eastern bank of that river was occupied 
by bands of the Moheakanneews. The river was the 
boundary between those hostile tribes. Violent disputes 
then existed between the members living on its banks in 
relation to the islands. The Hudson was called by the 
Mohawks Cahohatatea, and by the Lenni Lenape, Ma- 
hackaneghtuck. To Schaunaughtada the Dutch first be- 
stowed the appellation of Aurania, and then Beverwyck. 

The company in 1618 built a redoubt at the Kingston 
landing, and established a post at Esopus, now Kingston, 
in the county of Ulster. This place is on the south side 
of Esopus creek, and two miles west of the landing. 
The banks of the Hudson below Catskill, and those of 
Walkill and Rondout rivers, and of Esopus creek, were 
inhabited by bands of the Mahiccons and Mohickanders, 
or Wabingas. The Mahiccons and Wabingas belonged 
to the confederacy of the Lenni Lenape, and were kin- 
dred tribes. 

Between the years 1616 and 1620, about twenty per- 
sons belonging to the company went from the fort on 
Dunn's island, below Albany, to Ohnowalagantle, now 
Schenectady, where they entered into a compact with the 
Mohawks, from whom they bought some land on which 
they erected a trading house. This they surrounded 
with pickets and fortified. Then Ohnowalagantle was a 
considerable town, and contained several villages and 
hamlets. The principal village stood within the bounds 



174 Macauley's Account of Albany. 

of the present city. The rich and beautiful intervale 
lands on the Mohawk, around the city, were mostly clear- 
ed and cultivated. On these the Mohawks grew corn, 
beans, and squashes, which in part afforded them sub- 
sistence. According to tradition, the village of Ohno- 
walagantle occupied the site of Connughariegugharie, 
the ancient capital of the Mohawks. The same tradi- 
tion informs us that it was abandoned some ages ante- 
rior to the colonization, and that Icanderago, at the 
mouth of Schoharie creek, was selected for the new cap- 
ital. We have no certain information in respect to the 
number of the Mohawks residing at Ohnowalagantle 
when the Dutch came to it. According to some ac- 
counts there were eight hundred fighting men, and ac- 
cording to others less. The same accounts inform us 
that three hundred warriors lived upon the lands which 
have since been included in one farm. Without at- 
tempting to reconcile these jarring accounts, we may 
reasonably infer that the numbers were considerable. 

The States General of the Netherlands, in the year 
1621, made a grant of the whole country to the Dutch 
West India company. In 1623 this company built fort 
Orange on the west side of the Hudson, about half a 
mile above Dunn's island. A village soon rose in its 
vicinity. Fort Orange stood in the southeasterly quar- 
ter of the city of Albany. 

When the Dutch arrived at Albany, violent controver- 
sies existed between the Moheakanneews and Mohawks, 
about the alluvial lands on the east side of the Hudson, 
and some of the islands in the river. To end these con- 
troversies, the commander of fort Orange invited the 
hostile chiefs into the fort, and persuaded them to bury 
the hatchet. 

In the beginning of August, 1678, Colonel Dongan 
met the Agoneasean chiefs at Albany, and made a speech 
to them. He advised them not to treat with the French, 
without consulting him; not to kill their prisoners, but 
to exchange them for their own people ; to dispatch mes- 
sengers to the Indians, with whom they were then at 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 175 

war, and propose peace, and bury the tomahawk ; tell- 
ing them at the same time, that whatever things they 
wanted hereafter, the English would let them have, upon 
cheaper terms than the French. 

Colonel Dongan, in his interview with the Aganuschi- 
onian chiefs at Albany, seems to have acted with an 
overheated zeal in rousing the passions of this ferocious 
people against the French. Probably not being much 
acquainted with the savage character, he did not foresee 
the consequences. The innocent inhabitants of Canada 
and New York soon became the sufferers. 

De Callieres, who went to France in 1688, projected a 
scheme for the reduction of the province of New York, 
but the plan miscarried. 

The force demanded for this enterprise was one thous- 
and three hundred regulars, and three hundred Cana- 
dians. Albany was said to contain only three hundred 
inhabitants, and to be fortified by an inclosure of stock- 
adoes, and a little fort with four bastions, and that it con- 
tained but one hundred and fifty soldiers. New York 
was represented to contain about four thousand persons. 

In 1689, the count de Frontenac, the governor of Can- 
ada, proposed peace to the Aganuschioni who called a 
grand council at Onondaga. The chiefs, from the sev- 
eral tribes, convened to the number of eighty, about the 
22d of January, 1690. The people of Albany were 
notified but did not attend. Sadekanaghtie an Onondaga 
chief, opened the conference. According to the French 
accounts, the whole was managed with great art and 
formality, and concluded in showing a disposition to 
make peace without perfecting it. 

Among other measures to detach the Agoneaseah 
from the British interest, and to raise the depressed spirit 
of the Canadians, count de Frontenac thought proper 
to send out several parties against the English colonies. 
D'Aillebout, de Mantel and Le Moyne, commanded one 
against Schenectady, consisting of about two hundred 
French, and fifty Mohawks belonging to the Caughnawa- 
ga clan. 



176 Macauhy's Account of Albany. 

The people at Schenectady, though they had been in- 
formed of the designs of the enemy, were in the greatest 
security; imagining it impossible for any men to march 
several hundred miles in the midst of winter, through 
the snow, bearing their provisions on their backs. 

After a march of twenty-two days, the enemy reached 
the vicinity of Schenectady, on the 8th of February, 
1690, and were reduced to such straits that they thought 
of surrendering themselves prisoners of war. But their 
scouts, who were a day or two in the village, returned 
with such favorable accounts of the absolute security of 
the people, that they determined on the attack. They 
entered on Saturday night, about eleven o'clock, at the 
gates , which were found unshut; and that every house 
might be invested at the same time, divided themselves 
into small parties of six or seven men. The inhabitants 
were in a profound sleep, and unalarmed till their doors 
were broke open. Before they were risen from their 
beds the enemy entered and began the work of death. 
The whole village was instantly in a blaze. Sixty per- 
sons were killed, and twenty-seven carried into captiv- 
ity. The rest fled, naked, towards Albany, through a 
deep snow, which fell that night in a terrible storm ; and 
twenty-five of these fugitives lost their limbs in the 
flight through the severity of the cold. 

The news of this dreadful tragedy reached Albany a- 
bout break of day. A universal dread seized the in- 
habitants. A party of horse was immediately dispatched 
to Schenectady. The enemy, in the mean time, pillaged 
the town till noon the next day; and then went off with 
their plunder, and about forty of the best horses. The 
rest, with all the cattle they could find, lay slaughtered 
in the streets. Several women and children were releas- 
ed, at the instance of Capt. Glen, on the score of his 
wife's civilities to certain French captives, in the time 
of Col. Dongan. 

A party of Albanians and Mohawks pursued the ene- 
my in his retreat and either killed or captivated five and 
twenty. 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 177 

The taking and burning of Schenectady had such an 
effect upon the people of Albany, that they were almost 
on the point of abandoning it. 

In this state, bordering upon despair, several of the 
Mohawk chiefs arrived, and urged them to stay. They 
addressed them affectionately, recommended a union of 
the colonies, and a perseverance in the war. In their 
native simplicity they say, *' The French have broken 
open our house at both ends; formerly in the Seneca 
country, and now here.-' This expression had reference 
to entering both ends of their country. 
The French, in this expedition, set out from Cham- 
bly, on Sorel, and proceeded up lake Champlain to 
Wood creek, or the head of South bay, from whence 
they crossed over to the Hudson, at Sandy Hill, and then 
went down that river on the ice to Saratoga. Here they 
left it, and marched through the woods to Schenectady. 
Most of the way was on the ice. The advance went for- 
ward on snow shoes. The main followed their trail. 
Incredible were the hardships suffered by this veteran 
band. 

This summer, 1691, Major Schuyler with some volun- 
teers, and a party of Mohawks, passed through lake; 
Champlain, and made an irruption into Canada, and de- 
vastated some of the French settlements on the Sorel. 
M. de Callieres, the governor of Montreal, to oppose- 
him, collected a small army, and encamped at La Prai- 
rie. Several skirmishes took place between the hostile 
parties, and in these, it is said, that Schuyler slew about 
three hundred of the enemy, a number which exceeded 
that of his own force, a thing not at all likely. Major 
Schuyler's design in this incursion, was to reanimate the 
Mohawks, and preserve their enmity against the French. 
They accordingly, with the other members of the nation,, 
continued their hostilities, making numerous inroads into 
Canada, and keeping the country in constant alarm. 

Col. Benjamin Fletcher arrived with the commission ol 
Governor, on the 29th of August, 1692. 

[Annals, x.] 16 



178 Macauley-s Account of Albany. 

Fletcher was brave, active, passionate, bigoted, and 
avaricious, and withal of inconsiderable talents. In the 
autumn after his arrival he repaired to Albany, where 
he had an interview with the Agoneasean chiefs, and 
confirmed the old league. 

While at Albany he became acquainted with Major 
Schuyler, a man of talents, enterprise and courage. No 
person then in the province, understood the state of our 
affairs with the Agoneaseah better than him. He had so 
great an influence over them that whatever he recom- 
mended or disapproved had the force of a law. This 
influence over them was supported, as it had been 0)3- 
tained, by repeated offices of kindness, and his singular 
bravery and activity in the defence of his country. 
These qualifications, so rarely to be found in a single in- 
dividual, rendered him singularly necessary, both to the 
province and the governor. Fletcher, who possessed 
some sagacity, perceived that such a man would be high- 
ly useful, not only for himself, as an adviser, but for the 
country, took him into confidence, and made him one of 
the council. Under the tutelage of Major Schuyler, the 
governor became daily more and more conversant with 
the Agoneasean concerns: his constant application to 
which procured and preserved him a reputation and in- 
fluence in the colony. 

The indefatigable and gallant count de Frontenac, find- 
ing that all his measures for accomplishing a peace with the 
Agoneaseah had proved abortive, was now meditating a 
blow upon the Mohawks. He accordingly collected six 
or seven hundred French, Adirondacks, and Caughnawa- 
gas, and supplied them with every thing necessary for a 
winter's campaign. They set out from Montreal, on the 
15th day of January, 1693, and proceeded by the way of 
lake Champlain ; and after a march attended with incred- 
ible hardships, they passed by Schenectady on the 6th of 
February, and that night took five men, and some women 
and children, at the first castle of the Mohawks. They 
met with the same success at the second castle, the Mo- 
hawks being in perfect security, and many of them at 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 179 

Schenectady. At the third they found about forty men 
engaged in a war dance, preparatory to going out on 
some enterprise the next day. Upon their entering the 
castle a conflict ensued in which the French lost some 
men. Three hundred of the Mohawks were made cap- 
tives in this expedition. 

The Mohawks were greatly enraged at the people of 
Schenectady, because, they had not given them notice of 
the enemy's approach, nor any assistance. But this was 
atoned for by the succors from Albany. Colonel Schuy- 
ler upon hearing of their misfortunes, immediately put 
himself at the head of two hundred volunteers, and went 
out against the enemy. On the fifteenth of February, he 
was joined by three hundred Mohawks badly armed. 
With these forces, he went in pursuit of the enemy, 
whom he fell in with, on the seventeenth, when some 
skirmishes ensued. The French being apprehensive that 
colonel Schuyler would receive a reinforcement from 
Albany, continued their retreat on the eighteenth. In- 
deed this apprehension was well founded ; for captain 
Syms arrived the next day with eighty men. Colonel 
Schuyler then resumed the pursuit ; but did not think it 
advisable to provoke an attack. When the French had 
reached the north branch of Hudson's river, it is said, 
that a cake of ice served them to cross over, being open 
on both sides, and also above and below. 

The frost was now extremely severe, and the Mohawks 
being fearful of an engagement, dissuaded Colonel Schuy- 
ler from pursuing them, and he returned. 

On the tenth of April, 1693, six thousand pounds were 
voted for the payment of three hundred men, to be em- 
ployed in reinforcing the frontier posts, in the then coun- 
ty of Albany. 

In 1701, the British crown gave two thousand pounds 
for the defence of Albany and Schenectady. 

Great were the struggles, at the ensuing election, be- 
hveen the Leislerians and the Anti-Leislerians, but the 
former prevailed. 

Among the opposers of Leisler there was a Mr. Liv- 



180 Macauley's Account of Albany. 

ingston. The measures of the convention, at Albany, 
had been very much directed by his advice, and he was 
now obnoxious to his adversaries, not only on these ac- 
counts but because he was a man of sense and resolution, 
two qualifications rarely to be found united in one per- 
son at that day. His intimacy with the late earl had 
till that time been his defence against the rage of the 
party which he had formerly opposed. They were, 
therefore, now bent upon his destruction. Several charges 
were made against him which were false; and it was 
proposed to pass a law to confiscate his estate. One of 
the charges was his refusing to account for moneys re- 
ceived as commissioner of excise. He could not account 
because his opponents had, previous to making the charge, 
drawn out of his hands the books and vouchers, which 
they declined allowing him access to. 

In 1709, a road was opened by the colonial troops 
from fort Anne to White Hall, near the head of lake 
Champlain. 

The forces under general Winthrop, in 1690, had made 
a road from the uper part of Saratoga, to the place where 
fort Anne was built. 

Colonel Schuyler was dispatched with five of the Ago- 
neasean chiefs to England, with an address. No man at t 
this time was bettor calculated for this design, than col- 
onel Schuyler. He had been born and brought up at Al- 
>bany, then the seat of the Indian trade, and influence. 
He was perfectly acquainted with the manners, customs, 
-and character of the Indians. His influence with the 
Agoneaseah was greater than that of any other man. 
Whenever their chiefs came to Albany, he invited them 
to entertainments at his house. It was in this way, that 
he had acquired an ascendancy over them. 

Colonel Schuyler's arrival in England with the Ago- 
neasean chiefs excited considerable notice. Wherever 
he went the people collected in crowds. 

The peers, lords, and commons, desired to see them. 
The queen and her court were no less solicitous. 

The court of St. James was then in mourning. The 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 181 

chiefs were therefore dressed in mourning, and had an 
audience with her majesty. Sir Charles Cotterel, master 
of the ceremonies, conducted them from their quarters 
to the court, where they were introduced by the lord 
Chamberlain, into the royal presence. Their speech on. 
the 19th of April, 1710, is preserved by Oldmixon. 

The legislature, on the twenty-fourth of June, 1719, 
voted a sum of money to construct a bridge over Kinder- 
hook creek, in the county of Albany. The place located 
for this bridge, was close by the village of Kinderhook 
in Columbia county. 

In the same law, provision was made for altering some 
roads in the province. Claverack was settled about the 
same time that Kinderhook was. The first settlers at 
the latter place were a few Swedish families. The Dutch 
and English came afterwards. 

William Burnet, Esq. superseded colonel Schuyler, the 
president, as governor of the province, on the 17th of 
September, 1720. 

The year 1722 was remarkable for a congress of several 
governors and commissioners at Albany. The ancient 
friendship with the Agoneaseah was renewed at the same 
time. Mr. Burnet prevailed upon them to send a mes- 
sage to the Eastern Indians, threatening them with a 
war, unless they concluded a peace with the colonies of 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, which were greatly 
harrassed by their frequent irruptions. 

Albany was at this time a great mart for fur. In July, 
1723, the house appropriated a sum to defray the expense 
of two sheds, which had been erected for the accommo- 
dation of the Agoneaseah and other Indians, who came 
there to vend their skins. 

In 1724, provision was made for fortifying Albany. 
In an act passed by the assembly, July 24th, Claverack 
is described as a precinct in the manor of Rensselaerwick. 
The Dutch then occupied the flats along Claverack creek. 

From an act of the same date, it appears that Scho- 
harie was then called a precinct. The act provided for 
laying out, and opening a road therein. Schoharie was 



182 Macauley's Account of Albany. 

settled in 1713, by the Germans. Some Dutch families 
seated themselves there soon afterwards. 

In March, 1744, war broke out between England and 
France. Three thousand two hundred pounds were voted 
for placing the frontier posts in attitudes of defence; be- 
sides an additional sum for the works at Albany. 

The English ministry, in the early part of the year 
1745, instructed the governor of New York, to carry the 
war into Canada. 

Military sentinels were established in the city and 
county of Albany, in order to sound the alarm, in case 
the enemy should send marauding parties into the pro- 
vince. England and France were now preparing to 
prosecute the war with vigor. The colonies of both 
countries were also making preparations. 

Intelligence had found its way into the province, that 
the French intended to invade it from Canada, with 
fifteen hundred veterans, and one hundred Indians. This 
occasioned considerable alarm. Colonel Schuyler, and 
Major Collins, who commanded a body of provincials 
then at Saratoga, were obliged to suspend the construc- 
tion of six block-houses, which they had begun to make, 
in consequence of the assaults of the Indians in the em- 
ployment of France, on their men. These parties in a 
measure intercepted the supplies of men and provisions, 
going to Saratoga. 

Murders were often committed by the enemy, within a 
few miles of Albany. Two hundred men were drafted 
to increase and strengthen the garrisons at the latter 
place and Schenectady. These were drafted from the 
militia of Suffolk, Queens, Westchester, Dutchess, Ulster, 
and Orange. The settlements of Saratoga and Hoosack, 
were broken up, and the inhabitants retired either to 
Albany, or those parts near it. Most of the houses were 
burnt by the Indians, and the districts entirely devas- 
tated ; and no inconsiderable number of the people were 
killed, or carried away into captivity. 

The assembly, in the month of February, 1746, passed 
a law giving rewards for such scalps, and prisoners of 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 183 

the enemy, as should be taken. In palliation for the 
enactment of such a law, the framers alleged it was 
retaliatory, and made to induce the enemy to conduct 
the war with more humanity on their part. 

In the early part of this year, the enemy and their In- 
dians had become so emboldened with success, that small 
marauding parties came frequently in the very vicinity 
of Albany, and there were not instances wanting of their 
entering the suburbs at night, and carrying off persons. 

Thirteen thousand pounds were voted for the defence 
of the province. 

The borders of the province, notwithstanding the mea- 
sures adopted by government for their defence, continued 
to be exposed to all the horrors of savage warfare. In 
May, several persons were murdered hard by Schenecta- 
dy, and some buildings burnt. 

The border inhabitants were filled with consternation. 
In general, the settlements were deserted, the people 
having retired to the block-houses, and other places of 
security. To guard against the inroads and attacks of 
the enemy, was impracticable, on account of the extent 
and insular positions of the settlements. All the men 
in the province would have been inadequate to have 
completely protected the county of Albany. 

Those of Schenectady, Caughnawaga, Esopus, and 
Minisink, were nearly in a like condition. Even Kinder- 
hook, Claverack, and Poughkeepsie, although on the east 
side of the Hudson, were not exempt from danger. A 
thick forest extended all the way from Kinderhook to 
the St. Lawrence. The forsaken settlement at Hoosack, 
scarcely formed a highway across it. 

An idea may be formed of the feebleness of the settle- 
ments of Claverack and Kinderhook, from the considera- 
tion that there was only one block-house at each place. 
Under these alarming circumstances, when destruction 
menaced the interior and remote parts of the province; 
several spirited individuals came forward and volunteered 
their services. Among these was a Mr. Abraham Glen 
of Schenectady, who headed one hundred volunteers. 



184 Macauley's Account of Albany. 

The assembly, among the laws which it enacted, passed 
one whereby ship carpenters, house carpenters, joiners, 
sawyers, and all artificers, and laborers, were arbitrarily 
pressed into the public service; and also horses, wagons, 
and all other things which could tend to the invasion, 
were placed at the discretion of the officers entrusted 
with the management of the enterprise. The county of 
Albany alone had to furnish three hundred men. 

The city of Albany in the summer of this year, was 
visited by a contagious disease, which swept away no 
inconsiderable number of its inhabitants. The Agonea- 
seah then encamped in its environs, were not exempt 
from the same disease, which proved fatal to many, and 
occasioned the governor to send the survivors home. 

In 1747, some differences occurred between the assem- 
bly and the governor in respect to the provincial troops. 
From it, we learn that there were four companies of 
men stationed at Halfmoon; two at Schaghtikoke; three 
at Saratoga; three at Connestigune; two at Schenectady; 
one at fort Hunter; and one between that place and 
Schenectady. In addition to these, there were men sta- 
tioned at Kinderhook, Schoharie, Caughnawaga, Stone 
Arabia, Canojoharie, and Germanflats; Ulster and Or- 
ange had also some small garrisons. The main body of 
the provincial forces was stationed at Albany. 

The Indians of the enemy, this year, waylaid a party 
of men belonging to Schenectady, who went out for tim- 
ber, and killed thirty-nine. The place where these men 
fell, is about four miles north-north-west of the city, in 
the town of Glenville. 

On the eighth of April, 1748, the assembly passed a 
law, which authorized the inhabitants of Schenectady, to 
construct two block-houses for its defence. 

The treaty of peace concluded between Great Britain 
and France, on the seventh of October, 1747, put an 
end to the war; but the Indians did not cease their hos- 
tilities till some time in the year 1749. 

Albany was settled in the year 1614, by some Holland- 
ers, and very soon after New York, but it was not erect- 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 185 

ed into a county till the first of November, 1683. It is 
bounded eastwardly by the Hudson, southwardly by 
Greene, westwardly by Schoharie, and northwardly by 
Schenectady and Saratoga; the outlines of this county 
have enough of uniformity. Its greatest length from east 
to west is about twenty-four miles, and its greatest 
breadth from north to south is twenty-two. After mak- 
ing some small deductions from its length and breadth, 
as given, it will be found to contain about three hundred 
and nine thousand seven hundred and sixty acres of land, 
or four hundred and eighty-four square miles. The 
number of acres under Improvement, in 1825, was one 
hundred and ninety thousand five hundred, very nearly 
two-thirds of the whole. The county, exclusive of the 
city of Albany, is subdivided into eight towns. Its popu- 
lation is forty-two thousand eight hundred and twenty- 
one, which gives rather over eighty-eight to every square 
mile 

Albany displays almost every variety of aspect and 
soil. On the east are extensive sandy plains, interspersed 
with tolerably productive spots; in the middle are cham- 
paigns, beautified with gentle swells, while in the west 
and south-west there are hills, and the precipitous and 
craggy Helderberg. The lands along the bank of the 
Hudson are rich. Those of the champaigns and hills 
are middling, and very improvable. Most of the plains, 
which were formerly considered mere barrens, are suscep- 
tible of cultivation, and under good husbandry may be 
made to yield abundant crops. The plains are from five 
to eleven miles broad, and stretch from north to south 
nearly through the county. 

Exclusive of the Hudson and Mohawk, which wash 
the county on the east and north as far as the county of 
Schenectady, there are the Norman's kill, Cat's kill. Fox 
creek, and some other smaller streams. Norman's kill en- 
ters from Duanesburg, and flows south-easterly eighteen 
miles, and mingles with the waters of the Hudson. Cat's- 
kill crosses the south-westerly corner of the county from 
Schoharie into Greene. Several branches of this creek 



186 Macauley's Account of Albany. 

rise in the county of Albany. Fox creek descends west- 
wardly into the Schoharie. 

Albany,* the second city in the state in population, 
commerce, and wealth, is situated on the west side of 
the Hudson, about one hundred and forty-five miles north- 
wardly of the city of New York, in north latitude forty- 
two degrees and thirty-nine minutes. It is built partly 
on a flat, and partly on the side of a hill. The streets 
are generally crooked and narrow. The hill rises with 
a pretty steep acclivity, and has an elevation of about 
one hundred and fifty feet at the distance of half a mile 
from the river, and two hundred and ten at the distance 
of one mile; here the plain, spreading west wardly, begins. 
From the border of this plain there is an extensive view 
eastwardly, and south-eastwardly.| 

Albany in 1825 contained about sixteen thousand in- 
habitants, and three thousand dwelling houses and stores, 
twelve houses for public worship, a state-house, three 
banks, the capitol, a court-house and jail, an academy, 
theatre, museum, and an arsenal. Its population at pre- 
sent (1829) is about twenty thousand. 

The academy is constructed of red sandstone. It is 
ninety feet square, and three stories high, apart from its 
basement. The Albany Lyceum is kept in it. It is the 
handsomest edifice in the city. 

* The spot where this city now stands was at first called by the 
Dutch Aurania; then Beverwyck, till 1625 ; then Fort Orange, till 
1647, and Williamstadt, till 1664. All this time it had also the name 
of the Fuyck. Fort Orange was built in 1623, and Williamstadt, in 
1647. At first a hamlet, then a village, and afterwards a town, and 
lastly a city. For a long time after its foundation it was enclosed 
with pickets (palisadoes.) 

f By a late survey the distance between New York and Albany, by 
the road on the west side of the river, has been found only 145 miles. 
According to the latitudes the distance is still less, being only one 
hundred and thirty-five miles and a half, and eight rods. The re- 
ceived distances of all the intermediate towns and villages on and near 
the river from these two cities are incorrect. Hudson, for instance, is 
about one hundred and eight miles by its latitude from the city of 
New York. By the river the distance does not exceed one hundred 
and sixteen miles. The latitudinal discance from Hudson to Albany 
is about twenty-five miles. 



Macauley's Account of Albany. 187 

The Capitol, or State-House, stands at the head of 
State street; its base is about one hundred and thirty feet 
above the Hudson; the structure is brick faced with red 
sandstone. It is one hundred and fifteen feet long, nine- 
ty broad, and fifty high, exclusive of the basement story 
and the roof. The legislature of the state, the supreme 
and county courts sit in it. In the structure of this edi- 
fice the rules of architecture, whether Egyptian, Hindoo, 
Chinese, Grecian, Roman, Saracenic, Gothic, or compos- 
ite, have been violated. 

The Erie and Champlain canals terminate at the city 
in a spacious basin. Sloops carrying from ninety to one 
hundred and fifty tons come up to the city. The bars 
below are serious impediments to the navigation of the 
river; these might be obviated by a canal ten or twelve 
miles long, and then vessels of two or three hundred 
tons might make their way up. 

Albany was incorporated in the year 1686, by Colonel 
Dongan, governor of the colony. In 1750 it contained 
three hundred and fifty houses. From its foundation till 
the close of the revolution it was palisadoed and fortified. 
Here all the treaties with the Agoneaseah, and other 
Indians, were ccncluded. It used to be a great mart 
for fur. 

The exact time when Albany was founded is not 
known. In 1614 the Dutch erected a small fort and a 
trading house, on an island half a mile below the site of 
the present city. In 1623 they built fort Orange on the 
west side of the river, within the bounds of the present 
city. Some have alleged that they made the latter fort 
in 1614. If this be true, Albany is the oldest town 
in the United States, but if the preceding, then New 
York, Esopus, and Schenectady take precedence. Not- 
withstanding the allegation, we have no doubt New 
York is the oldest of the two. A village sprung up 
near the fort, which was afterwards enlarged and be- 
came a city. 

Mr. Stuyvesant, the governor of the New Netherlands, 
in a letter to Col. Nicolls, September 2d, 1664, says, that 



188 Macauley's Account of Albany. 

the Dutch came up the North River, in the years 1614, 
1615, and 1616, near fort Orange, where to hinder the 
invasions and massacres commonly committed by the 
savages, they built a small fort. A little before in the 
same letter he says, we have enjoyed fort Orange about 
forty-eight or fifty years, and the Manhattans about forty- 
one or forty-two years. See Smith's Hist. p. 28. Alba- 
ny was called Schau-naugh-ta-da, by the Agoneaseah. 
The definition of which is, over the pine plains, or across 
the pine plains, on the Cahohatatea (Hudson's River). 
The Dutch in after times applied it to the place where 
Schenectady now stands, as being over the plains from 
Albany. Hence the radical of Schenectady. 

Greenbush is on the east side of the Hudson, over 
against the lower part of the city of Albany. It is built 
on the river bottom, and has about one hundred houses. 
The present village was founded in 1812. 

Troy was also situated on the east side of the Hudson, 
at the head of sloop navigation. It is six miles north 
of Albany, and one hundred and fifty-one north of New 
York. The Erie and Champlain canals are joined to the 
Hudson by side cuts, and locks, so as to benefit this place. 
Troy is built on a handsome plain, of several miles ex- 
tent, lying between the river and hill, and contains about 
eleven thousand inhabitants. There are here two banks, 
and six or seven houses for public worship; also a court 
house and jail. After Albany, Troy is the most wealthy, 
commercial and populous city on the Hudson. It was 
founded between 1787, and 1790; incorporated as a vil- 
lage in 1801, and as a city in 1816. In point of location, 
it nearly equals Albany. It is the shire town of the 
county of Rensselaer. The tide ascends to this place. 

Gibbonsville in the county of Albany, west of Troy, 
contains about eighty houses. There are two large basins 
here appended to the Erie canal. The one is connected 
with the Hudson by a side cut, and two locks. There is 
an arsenal at this place. 



( 189 ) 

RANDOM RECOLLECTIONS. 



[The following reminiscences were written by GORHAM A. WORTH, 
Esq., who was sometime Cashier of the Mechanics and Farmers' 
Bank in this city, and afterwards president of the City Bank in New 
York. He died in that city in 1856, aged 73. Like all other Recol- 
lections they are occasionally discrepant. An octogenarian, on the 
publication of Mr. Worth's pamphlet, wrote some strictures upon it 
for the newspapers, whifch are appended as notes with his 
initials. The last one is by another hand.] 

In commencing these reminiscences, I prefer to say 
that my first visit to Albany was just before the election 
of Mr. Jefferson, or the Great Apostle as he is sometimes 
called. Not that the visit had any thing to do, 
either with the election of Mr. Jefferson or the fortunes 
of his followers, but because it was an epoch in my own 
personal history, as the election of Mr. Jefferson was, in 
the history of the country. 

I had then just launched my " light untimbered bark" 
upon the ocean of life; with no guide but Providence, 
and with no hand but my own to direct its course. 
Never shall I forget the deep feeling of loneliness that 
came over me when the receding headlands of my native 
bay disappeared in the distance, and I found myself, for 
the first time in my life, alone on the waters. 

It was at the age of eighteen, and in the autumn of the 
year eighteen hundred, that I first set my foot within the 
precincts of the ancient and far-famed city of Albany. It 
is true, I had passed through the city some ten or twelve 
years before, but 'twas on a rainy day, and in a covered 
wagon; and as the only glimpse I had of the town, was 
obtained through a hole in the canvas, I set it down as 
nothing, since, in reality, it amounted to nothing. 

I am, however, well aware that an intelligent, sharp- 
sighted English traveler, such for instance, as Fearon, 
Hall, or Marryat, would have seen, even through a 

[Annals, x.] 17 



190 Random Recollections. 

smaller aperture, and under less favorable circumstances, 
enough to have enabled him to have given you, not only 
the exact topography of the town and its localities, but 
a full and accurate account of its different religious deno- 
minations, the state of its society, the number of its slaves 
and the character of its inns ; together with many sage 
reflections upon the demoralizing tendency of republican 
governments ! 

But this faculty of taking in all things at a single 
glance ; this ability to see more than is to be seen, is one 
of the many advantages which the English traveler pos- 
sesses over all others, and which in fact distinguishes 
him from the traveler of every other country on the face 
of the globe the land of Munchausen not except ed ! I 
mention these things merely to satisfy the reader that I 
might have made something out of the affair of the 
covered wagon, had I been so disposed. But 'tis not my 
intention, nor was it when I commenced these reminis- 
cences, to draw upon my imagination for a single fact. 
I have materials in abundance, and can not, therefore, be 
tempted to go out of my way to recollect incidents which 
never happened, or to describe things which I never saw. 

The city of Albany, in 1800, though the capital of the 
state, and occupying a commanding position, was, never- 
theless, in point of size, commercial importance, and 
architectural dignity, but a third or fourth rate town. It 
was not, in some respects, what it might have been; but 
it was, in all respects, unlike what it now is. Its popu- 
lation could not, I think, have exceeded some seven or 
eight thousand. 

Albany has probably undergone a greater change, not 
only in its physical aspect, but in the habits and cha- 
racter of its population, than any other city in the United 
States. It was, even in 1800, an old town (with one 
exception, I believe, the oldest in the country), but the 
face of nature in and around it had been but little dis- 
turbed. Old as it was, it still retained its primitive 
aspect, and still stood in all its original simplicity; main- 
taining its quaint and quiescent character, unchanged, 



Random Recollections. 191 

unmodified, unimproved; still pertinaciously adhering, 
in all its walks, to the old track and the old form. 

The rude hand of innovation, however, was then just 
beginning to be felt; and slight as was the touch, it was 
felt as an injury, or resented as an insult. 

Nothing could be more unique or picturesque to the 
eye, than Albany in its primitive days. Even at the 
period above mentioned, it struck me as peculiarly naive 
and beautiful. All was antique, clean and quiet. There 
was no noise, no hurry, no confusion. There was no 
putting up, nor pulling down; no ill- looking excavations, 
no leveling of hills, no filling up of valleys: in short, 
none of those villainous improvements, which disfigure 
the face of nature, and exhibit the restless spirit of the 
Anglo-Saxon race. The stinted pines still covered the 
hills to the very edge of the city, and the ravines and 
valleys were clothed with evergreens, intermixed with 
briars, and spangled with the wild rose. 

The margin of the river, witli the exception of an 
opening at the foot of State street, extending down to the 
ferry, was overhung with willows, and shaded by the 
wide spreading elm.* The little islands below the town 
were feathered with foliage down to the very water's 
edge, and bordered with stately trees, whose forms were 
mirrored in the stream below. As far as the eye could 



* [It is said that there were docks at this time from Maiden lane 
to the Watering place, as it was called, now the Steamboat landing. 
At the latter place was Hodge's dock, and above it the State dock, 
built in the French war.] At the foot of Maiden lane was Fish slip, 
where the sturgeon were sold. On Quay street were stores and 
dwelling houses, and a tavern. If our author, when he first set his 
foot in this "jewel of antiquity," had taken a walk to this world- 
renowned sturgeon slip, " a little after sun rise," he would have 
witnessed a scene that would have cast the willows and elm trees 
into the deep shade of a forgotten past. There was the quiet ancient 
burner, elbowed aside by his Old and New England, Scotch and 
Irish brethren, more clamorous and eager for Albany beef than him- 
self. If he had not beforehand entered into a confederacy with the 
Etsbergers and Reckhows, lords of the slip, he must infallibly have 
gone home dinnerless and desponding. J. Q. w. 



192 Random Recollections. 

extend, up and down the river, all remained compara- 
tively wild and beautiful, while the city itself was a cu- 
riosity; nay, a perfect jewel of antiquity, particularly to 
the eye of one who had been accustomed to the ' ' white 
house, green door, and brass knocker," of the towns and 
villages of New England. Nothing, indeed, could be more 
picturesque than the view of North Pearl street, from the 
old elm at Webster's corner, up to the new two steepled 
church. Pearl street, it must be remembered, was in 
those days, the west end of the town; for there the town 
ended, and there resided some of the most aristocratic of 
the ancient burgers. There, a little after sun rise, in a 
mild spring morning, might be seen, sitting by the side 
of their doors, the ancient and venerable mynheers; with 
their little sharp cocked hats, or red-ringed worsted caps, 
(as the case might be), drawn tight over their heads.* 
There they sat, like monuments of a former age, still 
lingering on the verge of time ; or like milestones upon 
a turnpike road, solus in solo ! or, in simple English, un- 
like any thing I had ever seen before. But there they 
sat, smoking their pipes, in that dignified silence, and 
with that phlegmatic gravity, which would have done 
honor to Sir Walter Van Twiller, or even to Puffendorf 
himself. The whole line of the street, on either side, 
was dotted by the little clouds of smoke, that, issuing 
from their pipes, and, curling round their noddles, rose 
slowly up the antique gables, and mingled with the morn- 
ing air; giving beauty to the scene, and adding an air of 

* If the seer had looked a second time, he would have seen the 
simple side hill street, the grass covering the east half of it. He 
would have seen the quiet citizens returning from their business or 
their morning walk but he would not have seen a single cocked hat, 
nor red ringed worsted cap, upon the head of one of them, except 
may be that of the venerable Dr. Stringer on his professional morning 
tour. He would have seen the upper half of each front door open, 
and here and there a neat and thrifty house-wife, bending forward 
over the closed lower half, watching for her husband or her sons, as 
they came home to breakfast. He might have seen that brass knocker, 
in the form of a dog, on the door of Lafayette^s head-quarters, unlike 
any u knocker" on any "green door" in New England. J. Q. w. 



Random Recollections. 193 

life to the picture. But the great charm was in the no- 
velty of the thing. I had seen a Dutch house before, but 
never till then had I seen a row of Dutchmen, smoking 
in a Dutch city.* 

Albany was indeed Dutch, in all its moods and tenses; 
thoroughly and inveterately Dutch. The buildings were 
Dutch Dutch in style, in position, attitude and aspect. 
The people were Dutch, the horses were Dutch, and even 
the dogs were Dutch. If any confirmation were wanting, 
as to the origin and character of the place, it might be 
found in the old Dutch church, which was itself always to 
be found in the middle of State street, looking as if it had 
been wheeled out of line by the giants of old, and there 
left; or had dropped down from the clouds in a dark 
night, and had stuck fast where it fell.f 



* Shade of the immortal Diederick! and shall he not smoke? When 
one of these u ancient and venerable Mynheers," who was coeval 
with those willows and elms, looked back to the many times when, 
in his canoe, he breasted the downward and devious current of the 
Mohawk, with its rifts, falls, and portages, descended into Oneida 
lake; followed its outlet to Oswego; coursed along the winding shores 
of Ontario and Erie to Detroit, up that river to the St. Clair, and 
along the shores of Huron, crossing Saganaw bay to Macinac, where 
he traded with the Indian for his furs, and of his returns thence to 
his family in Pearl street, laden with the riches so hardly earned, the 
labor of which has reduced him to early decrepitude, shall he be 
jeered at for his apathy? Shall he not smoke, and rejoice to see his 
quiet and contemplative neighbor, who has been in another way 
equally prosperous, do so likewise without being ridiculed for his 
grave dullness? J. Q. W. 

t It is now more than forty years since this old edifice was removed, 
and the only thing left to mark the place where it stood, is a long 
flag-stone a few feet from the cross-walk between Douw's building 
and the Exchange, on the north side [since removed by some 
modern Vandal]. There are very few of the present generation left 
who remember the position and appearance of this antique but vene- 
rable building, and fewer still who can realize the interesting recol- 
lections which from tradition cluster around it The first church 
was built at a very early day, and of much smaller dimensions. It 
was placed in the position where it stood, at the intersection of what 
is now State street and Broadway, as a security against Indian at- 



194 Random Recollections. 

All the old buildings in the city and they constituted 
a large majority were but one story high, with sharp 
peaked roofs, surmounted by a rooster, vulgarly called a 
weathercock. Every house, having any pretensions to 
dignity, was placed with its gable end to the street, and 
was ornamented with huge iron numericals, announcing 
the date of its erection ; while from its eaves long wooden 

tacks, commanding: Broadway north and south, and State street, east 
and west. The windows were high from the ground, to guard against 
an escalade, as it was too far north to be protected by the guns of 
Fort Orange. It was a little fortress within itself. In those days 
all the men went armed to church. The young men were seated in 
the galleries, that they might be ready in case of an attack to sweep 
the street either way by their fire from the windows. The old men 
were seated on a raised platform along the walls, and the women were 
in the slips in the centre and out of the way of any danger. 

Those therefore who have been unwise enough to ridicule the 
position of the church, have done so in their ignorance of the reasons 
for its location. The condition of these Dutchmen and the Pilgrims 
of New England were alike; both worshiped their Maker with arms 
in their hands. The tradition goes that when this old church was to 
be replaced by a new one, the same spot was selected for it, and the 
new church was built round the old one, and that during the time 
the new one was building, public service was regularly carried on in 
the old one, which was interrupted but one sabbath. The new 
church was like the old one, and did not differ from it, except in size. 
The same high windows, the same arrangement of seats, and the 
same separation of the sexes. There was one striking difference, 
however. The congregation had become more numerous and wealthy, 
and each window bore the escutcheon of the several families who 
were dispose to pay for it, in colored glass. Each window had an 
outside shutter, which was fastened by a latch. These shutters were 
never opened, except on Sunday. Such was this church, with its 
steep roof, uniting in the centre, and surmounted with a belfry and 
a weathercock. Here in this church', and perhaps also in the old one, 
the dead of distinguished families were buried. Here Lord Howe, 
who was killed near Ticonderoga, in the French war, found a resting 
place, till his remains were removed to England. Here preached 
" Our Westerlo," by which endearing appellation the old members of 
the flock used to designate their minister, which in the Dutch lan- 
guage, and from the lips of an aged matron (Elsie Fonda), had an 
affectionate softness about it which the English translation can not 
convey. Is it strange that a church from its commencement so an- 
cient, and from its position so interesting, should^be dear to the hearts 



Random Recollections. 195 

gutters, or spouts, projected in front some six or seven 
feet, so as to discharge the water from the roof, when it 
rained, directly over the centre of the sidewalks. This 
was probably contrived for the benefit of those who were 
compelled to be out in wet weather, as it furnished them 
with an extra shower bath free of expense. 

But the destined hour was drawing near. The Yan- 

of those whose fathers and grandsires had worshiped and been 
buried there ? 

But this old church might; to the informed sons of the Pilgiims, 
have called up a train of thought in which it would have been profit- 
able for them to have indulged. Here, in this church, as late as 
the year 1800, the Dutchmen assembled on the sabbath, coming out 
of the mixed population which even then existed in the city. Here 
were to be found the descendants of the generous Hollanders, who in 
days long passed, had given shelter and protection both to the perse- 
cuted Pilgrim and to the Huguenot and for aught we know, knelt on 
the shore of Delftshaven, prayed with, and bade God speed to the 
company on the May-flower or who had shielded the Huguenots of 
Rochelle from the hot pursuit of their red assassins. It was on a 
sabbath in July, of the year above mentioned, when the writer, for 
the first time, entered this church, fully aware of the kind of people 
he was to meet there. But the narrow aisles and slips; the separa- 
tion of the sexes-, the raised wall seats filled with old men, and the 
members of the corporation in their allotted seats; the young men in 
the gallery; the clerk's desk under the pulpit, and the old Holland 
made pulpit itself, with its hour-glass and iron movable frame to 
support it; the high windows with their bright stained glass coats of 
arms-, the stoves stand ng on platforms raised outside of the gallery 
and nearly on a level with its floor; the figures in large German text 
hanging on each side-wall, denoting the chapter of the Bible to be 
read, and the first psalm to be sung; the reading of that chapter a -id 
decalogue by the clerk; the giving out of that psalm by the clerk, the 
singing, the salutation, and the exordium remotum by the minister 
all so new and all combined, had less effect upon the writer than the 
people themselves every drop of his Pilgrim and Huguenot blood, 
and it was all he had, warmed to those whose forefathers had been 
kind to his and he felt the full force of the injunction, 

11 Thy fathers' friends forget thou not." 
He never has, and he never will. 

Nearly all those in that church on that day, of full age, have de- 
parted from among us. The fires that warmed the ashes of some of 
them are hardly yet extinguished. Let no unhallowed heel tread 
upon them. j. Q. w. 



196 Random Recollections. 

kees were creeping in. Every day added to their num- 
ber ; and the unhallowed hand of innovation was seen 
pointing its impertinent finger at the cherished habits 
and venerated customs of the ancient burgers. These 
meddling eastern Saxons at length obtained a majority in 
the city councils; and then came an order, with a hand- 
saw, to " cut off those spouts." Nothing could exceed 
the consternation -of the aforesaid burgers, upon the 
announcement of this order. Had it been a decree 
abolishing their mother tongue, it could hardly 
have excited greater astonishment, or greater indignation. 
" What !" said they, " are our own spouts then to be 
measured and graduated by a corporation standard ! Are 
they to be cut off or fore-shortened without our knowledge 
or consent !" But the Dutch still retained the obstinacy, 
if not the valor of their ancestors. They rallied their 
forces, and at the next election, the principal author of 
the obnoxious order (my old friend, Elkanah Watson) 
was elected a constable of the ward in which he lived ! 
This done, they went to sleep again ; and before they 
awoke, new swarms had arrived, and a complete and 
thorough revolution had taken place, The Yankees were 
in possession of the city ! and the fate of the Dutch was 
sealed. 

The old families, however, still claimed the lead in all 
matters relating to good society. The city assemblies 
were still under their control, as well in regard to time 
and place, as in the power of admission and exclusion. 
In the exercise of this prerogative, a little jealousy of 
the Yankees was occasionally manifested. The diffi- 
culty was, to know who was who ; to distinguish between 
those that were entitled to admission, and those that 
were not. Mere respectability was not of itself sufficient; 
nor was wealth to be considered as a certain passport. It 
was necessary that there should be something of rank, of 
family, or of fashion, to entitle a new comer to a seat 
among the notables. These matters, however, were, as 
a matter of course, left to the younger branches of the 
ancient aristocracy, to regulate as they saw fit. 



Random Recollections. 197 

Now it happened, that into this ancient and somewhat 
exclusive circle of good society, had slid many families, 
with their twigs and branches, who had in reality none 
of the rights and claims of the genuine Knickerbackers ; 
and who were, as far as antiquity was concerned, mere 
squatters ; yet they were found to be greater sticklers for 
exclusion and probation, than the veritable mynheers 
themselves. Still, up to 1803 or 4, things went on tole- 
rably well: at all events, there was no complaint. The 
assemblies were sufficiently select as to quality, and 
perhaps sufficiently liberal in their range as to number. 
But, somewhere about the period referred to, the 
self-constituted managers held a meeting, at which it 
was determined that the city assemblies should in future 
be " more select ;" and that "a line of distinction," as 
they termed it, should be drawn. Accordingly a new 
list was made out, by which it was soon ascertained that 
several, heretofore admitted, had been left off, and many 
others excluded, that were thought to be better entitled 
to admission than many that were retained. The mea- 
sure, therefore, was taken in high dudgeon by the friends 
of the excluded parties, and was considered as a piece of 
arrogance, even by those who had no personal cause of 
complaint. 

A paper war was immediately commenced, and the 
character and pretension of the managers were ridiculed 
and satirized in a style as new as it was amusing. A 
series of poetical epistles, odes, satires, &c., &c., appear- 
ed in rapid succession; some of them displaying a good 
deal of taste and cleverness. One piece in particular, 
entitled The Conspiracy of the Nobles written in 
mock heroic verse, contained some capital hits. It gave 
a highly poetic description of the first meeting of the 
managers, and an amusing sketch of their persons, pre- 
tensions, characters and debates. The most ridiculous 
speeches were of course put into their mouths, and they 
were thus made to exhibit themselves in a light that was 
as laughable as it was absurd. These squibs were an- 
swered by the conspirators, but without the wit or the 



198 Random Recollections. 

humor that characterized the pieces of their opponents. 
The fire, however, was kept up on both sides for several 
weeks, to the great amusement of the town. The result 
was a mortifying defeat on the part of the exclusionists. 
The assemblies, as a matter of course, fell into the hands 
of the victorious party, and to their credit, be it said, 
were conducted with more taste and propriety, and were 
indeed more brilliantly attended than they had ever been 
before. 

This was considered as a victory of wit over impudence, 
or rather of sense over nonsense. It is but just, how- 
ever, to add, that the real old Knickerbacker families 
took but very little interest in the contest, and were pro- 
bably not much displeased at the discomfiture of their 
quondam allies. 

Let us now turn to revolutions of a graver import. 

A restless, leveling, innovating spirit, now prevailed 
throughout the city. The detested word improvement 
was in every mouth, and resistance was unavailing. The 
stinted pines became alarmed, and gradually receded. 
The hills themselves gave way. New streets opened their 
extended lines, and the old ones grew wider. The roost- 
ers on the gable heads, that for more than a century 
had braved the Indians and the breeze ; that had even 
flapped their wings and crowed in the face of Burgoyne 
himself, now gave it up, and came quietly down. The 
gables in despair soon followed, and more imposing fronts 
soon reared their corniced heads. The old Dutch church 
itself, though thought to be immortal, submitted to its 
fate, and fell! not at the foot of Pompey's statue, exact- 
ly, but at the foot of State street, which, freed from that 
obstruction, thenceforward became the Rialto of the city, 
where pedlers of stale sea-cod, and country hucksters, 
now do congregate. 

Even the dogs now began to bark in broken English: 
many of them, indeed had already caught the Yankee 
twang, so rapid was the progress of refinement. In the 
process of a few brief years, all that was venerable in the 
eyes of the ancient burgers disappeared. Then came the 




'Random Recollections. 

great eclipse of 1806, which clearly announced the fall 
and final end of the Dutch dynasty. It is hardly neces- 
sary to say, that not an iron rooster has crowed upon 
the gable heads, nor a civil cocked hat been seen in the 
ancient city of Albany, from that day to this! 

But let it be remembered, that if the growth of Albany 
was slow, its position rendered it sure. The great west, 
in 1800, was comparatively a wilderness. With the 
growth of this vast interior, Albany has grown: it has 
increased with its increase, and strengthened with its 
strength. No hand, however strong, no enterprise, how- 
ever active, could have carried it forward one hour faster 
than it went. Its trade was necessarily dependent upon 
the population and products of the west, and with these 
it has fairly kept pace. 

It is, however, true that the ancient Dutch families, 
though among the most wealthy and respectable, were 
not the most enterprising, nor the most active. Many of 
them possessed large landed estates, lived upon their 
incomes, and left to others the toils and profits of trade. 
At the head of this class, and distinguished for his many 
excellent and amiable qualities, stood the late patroon, 
Stephen Van Rensselaer: a man widely and honorably 
known ; rich without pride, and liberal without ostenta- 
tion. I may also mention the name of Jeremiah Van 
Rensselaer, a whig of the revolution, and for several 
years lieutenant-governor of the state: a frank, stout- 
hearted old gentleman, universally respected. 

General Ten Broek, also of the revolutionary school, 
distinguished for his activity, intelligence and public 
spirit. 

Cornelius Van Schelluyne, the then best living type ot 
the ancient race; rich, honest, independent, unlettered, 
and unpretending. 

In alluding to these ancient and wealthy families, that 
of the Gansevoorts should not be omitted: for it is con- 
nected with the patriotism and the triumphs of the revo- 
lution. ' The hero of Fort Stanwix" has left to his 
descendants a time-honored name a name that belongs 



200 Random Recollections. 

to the history of the country, and to one of its most in- 
teresting and important periods. 

But those of a more active and business-like character 
among the Dutch, were the Bleeckers, the Lansings, the 
Douws, the Van Schaicks, the Ten Eycks, the Ten 
Broecks, the Pruyns, the Hochstrassers, the Van Loons, 
and the Staatses. The principal merchants of the city, 
however those who gave life and character to its 
business interests were citizens of a more recent date, 
coming from different parts of the Union, but mostly from 
New England. Among these, were James Kane,* Dudley 
Walsh, William James, Isaiah Townsend, Gilbert Stew- 
art, Thomas Gould, Thomas Mather, William, John, and 
Alexander Marvin, Peter and John I. Boyd, John Spencer 
& Co., John and Spencer Stafford, Isaac and George 
Hutton, the Messrs. Webbs and many others. 

There was still another class, not less active, nor less 
important, in a business point of view. I allude to a 

* James Kane died on the 2d April, 1851, aged 80. The following 
tribute to his memory was paid by Bishop Alonzo Potter. 

" He had been for years the merchant prince of the city in which 
he lived. His ventures all seemed successful; his mansion was the 
home of a delightful hospitality; his grounds the delighted resort of 
all ages and ranks. There was no public charity, no plan of local or 
general improvement, which he did not gladly help forward. All at 
once he was arrested by one of those sudden and wide-spread revul- 
sions that sweep like a tornado across our commercial world. The 
storm left him a complete wreck; everything he had on earth was sur- 
rendered to his creditors, and he stood forth rich in character and self- 
approbation, but penniless in purse. It was too late in life, as he 
thought, to retrieve his fallen fortunes. He loved books: he had neither 
wife nor child. He was surrounded by the friends of his youth, at 
whose houses he was always a welcome guest. 

A few creditors remitted their claims, and insisted upon his apply- 
ing the proceeds to his personal wants. He reluctantly consented. 
For more than twenty years he lived amidst the scenes of his former 
prosperity a poor but contented and happy man. Books were friends 
that rarely parted company with him. They turned on him no cold 
looks; they gave him no half- welcome; and I verily believe that never, 
even in the most brilliant days of a career that made him the observed 
of all observers, did he enjoy himself so well as while his whole sti- 
pend was two hundred dollars a year." 



Random Recollections. 201 

then comparatively new, or recently established body of 
mechanics, of which Benjamin Knower was confessedly 
at the head. Mr. Knower was indeed a man of strong 
mind and persevering energy of character. Through his 
influence, the charter of the Mechanics' and Farmers' 
Bank was obtained; and the mechanics of the city of 
Albany rose in consideration and respect, personal and 
political, to a height which they had never before reached. 

Among the merchants (I speak of the period from 1800 
to 1808), Mr. Kane was perhaps the most prominent. 
He was, indeed, in many respects, the most prominent 
man in the city: prominent from his extensive operations, 
and business connections; prominent from his wealths, 
his liberality, his marked attention to strangers, his 
gentlemanly style of dress, and bachelor mode of living. 
He was distinguished, too, by an address and manner so 
singularly polite and courteous as seemingly to border 
upon excess. But let it be remembered, to his honor, 
that as no man in the city was more generally known, 
so there was no one more generally or more highly re- 
spected. The courtesy or politeness of Mr. Kane did not, 
however, consist in mere words or modes of expression. 
It had its foundation in good feeling I may say in hu- 
manity, which speaks to the heart, and is understood 
where words are not; which, rising superior to forms 
and fashions, borrows nothing from art, nothing from 
eloquence. 

I shall venture, by way of illustration, to give an in- 
stance of this sort of politeness. There appeared at the 
dinner table of the Tontine Coffee House, where Mr. 
Kane then boarded, and at a time when the house was 
crowded to excess, an old gentleman and his wife. They 
were very plainly dressed, but still respectable in their 
appearance. They were, evidently, country people, 
" from down east;" and were probably bound on a visit 
to their relations in the west. The servants, always too 
few in number, were now altogether insufficient to attend 
to the wants of the company at table. The old people, 
[ Annals, x.] 18 



202 Random Recollections. 

therefore, being strangers, and unknown to any one, 
were totally neglected. It was shameful! I made one or 
two efforts to get a servant to attend to them, but all in 
vain : there were too many louder and more authorita- 
tive calls. At length, however, they were noticed by 
Mr. Kane, who looked round for his own servant, but 
finding him engaged, immediately left his seat and walked 
down to the lower end of the table where the old couple 
sat, and politely asked them what they would be helped 
to; took their plates to a side table, carved for them 
himself, helped them to vegetables, bread, &c., and then 
returned quietly to his seat. He was doubtless taken by 
the old people, and perhaps by other strangers, for the 
master of the house, or the head waiter! There was 
certainly no gentleman present who dared to run the risk 
of being so mistaken. But Mr. Kane could aiford it. The 
politeness, or, more properly speaking, the humanity of 
the act, did him honor, and far outweighed the moment- 
ary, or rather the imaginary loss of dignity. 

As a people, we can not be sufficiently grateful to Provi- 
dence for the character of our ancestors. From the Pu- 
ritans of England, the Huguenots of France, and the 
Protestants of the Netherlands, did this country derive 
the seeds and elements of its greatness: its purity of 
faith, its principles, and its power. To them, under 
Providence, are we indebted for our civil and religious 
liberties, the character of our institutions, and the hardy, 
resolute and enterprising spirit of the nation. Talents 
and virtues are alike hereditary, though the stream is not 
always unbroken by shallows, nor the measure of its 
greatness always full. There must, I think, have been 
a strong fund of good sense and native talent in the early 
Dutch settlers. We have seen it break out occasionally, 
even in the fourth and fifth generations; and sometimes, 
too, quite unexpectedly, as in the case of Ex-President 
Van Buren, whose immediate antecedents gave no pro- 
mise of such an eruption, or even foreshadowed the pro- 
bability of such an event. Still, in all such cases, there 



Random Recollection*. 203 

must have been a living spring (no matter how remote) 
from whence the waters flowed. 

Among the Dutch families of Albany, in which a 
strong vein of original talent, occasionally manifested it- 
self, were those of the Schuylers, the Van Vechtens, the 
Lansings, and the Yateses. General Schuyler, of the 
Revolution, was a man of great vigor of mind, strong 
sense, and sound judgment; which was happily associat- 
ed with liberal feelings, and principles of honor and pa- 
triotism. He should by right have commanded that 
army in the revolutionary war, which, in the day of 
battle, he joined as a volunteer a man greatly his infe- 
rior having been placed over his head. But no neglect 
or injury could alienate his feelings, or weaken his at- 
tachment to the cause of his country. 

The talents and character of Abraham Van Vechten, 
are still fresh in the memory of the living. He was one 
of the ablest members of the Albany bar, when that bar 
was studded with eminent names. 

Chancellor Lansing, though not possessed of shining 
talents, was nevertheless a man of good abilities and of 
strict integrity. His brother, Abraham G., was a man 
of sound sense and vigorous tone of mind; rough, and 
somewhat abrupt in his manner, but upright, frank and 
fearless, in conduct and in character. 

Old Judge Yates, one of the members of the convention 
that framed the Constitution, was a clear-headed, strong- 
minded man ; straight forward, honest and patriotic. 
His son, John Van Ness Yates, was a man of talents, 
both natural and acquired. He was equal to the duties 
of any station, and to the difficulties of any task. He 
was a wit, a poet, a belles-lettres scholar, and a boon 
companion, whose joke was ever ready, and whose laugh 
was contagious. He wanted nothing but industry and 
self-respect, to have made him eminent as a lawyer. His 
associations were beneath him, not only in point of ta- 
lent, but in character; yet they affected his interests 
rather than his principles. He possessed the readiest 
apprehension, and the most retentive memory, of any 



204 Random Recollections. 

man I ever knew. All that he had ever read, and he 
read a vast deal, was at his fingers ends. He was often 
consulted by the younger members of the bar, while 
walking in the streets; and, without a moment's hesita- 
tion, would take out his pencil and writedown what was 
the law in the case, and where it was to be found vol- 
ume, chapter and verse ! From these frequent street con- 
sultations, he was called " the walking library." 

But the cleverest man of the name or family, was JOHN 
W. YATES. He was a man of education, of talents, of 
natural eloquence, and of extensive reading. He was 
the best classical scholar in the city Judge Kent not ex- 
cepted. He was familiar with the Greek, Latin and 
French languages and literature; a mathematician, and a 
passionate lover of belles-lettres. He was bred to the 
law, but never attempted to practice; yet, I repeat, he 
was naturally eloquent, and, in his buoyant moments, 
one of the most lively and agreeable men in conversation 
that I ever met with. 

Such a man, it is natural to suppose, made a figure in 
his day: no such thing; he made no figure at all. He 
was not appreciated by the public, because the public 
knew nothing of him. He was not known even to his 
friends, for the very good and sufficient reason that his 
friends knew nothing of Greek or Latin, of mathematics 
or of poetry. It was curious to find him reading Homer 
with a pipe in his mouth; and to see him turn from the 
page of Thucydides, to talk Dutch. Yet this alternation 
between the languages of Athens and Amsterdam, was in 
some measure unavoidable; for many of his old friends, 
and indeed most of the old families, continued to speak, 
in their domestic circles, the language of their ancestors 
long after the period to which these sketches refer. 

Though no man set a higher value upon literary ac- 
quirements than himself, yet he took no pains to exhibit, 
much less to profit by those he possessed. Political distinc- 
tion he never sought, and never desired. He had no 
taste for popular parade, no love for public display. He 
was, in fact, better acquainted with Pericles and Xeno- 



Random Recollections. 205 

phon than he was with the aldermen of the ward in 
which he lived. His knowledge of ancient history was 
more perfect than that of any other man I ever knew, 
nor was that of modern Europe less familiar. History, 
poetry and philosophy ; Egypt and Asia, Athens and 
Rome, with all their classic superstitions and diviner 
arts, were the subjects of many an evening conversation, 
to which I listen with deJight. 

To this faint sketch of his literary character, I may 
add, that no man possessed a higher sense of honor, or 
was governed in his conduct by purer principles. His 
talents and his tastes were, indeed, altogether above the 
position in which he was placed; and hence, instead of 
giving him celebrity, they served but to render him, in 
some measure, unsuited to the station he held. But 
never will that station, or that official rank, be again 
honored with so much learning, combined with so much 
talent. 

Let it not be supposed that this is a mere fancy sketch, 
" writ for the sake of writing it." It is a tribute justly 
due to the memory of a man whose merits were unappre- 
ciated, and comparatively unknown. It is a tribute 
which I owe to the recollection of his partiality and 
kindness; to the memory of many a friendly lecture 
many a social many a pleasant hour. 

Of the public men of Albany, office holders, politicians 
and jurists, it may be expected that I should say some- 
thing. Among the most prominent were Geo. Clinton, 
John Tayler, Ambrose Spencer, James Kent, Chancellor 
Lansing, Abraham Van Vechten, John V. Henry, John 
Woodworth, Thos. Tillotson, Abraham G. Lansing, 
Elisha Jenkins, Edmond Charles Genet, and last, though 
not least, the editor of the Albany Register, SOLOMON 
SOUTHWICK ! These are names too well known to require 
any comment. Many of them are identified with the 
history of the state, and will be chronicled in its pages. 

I can not, in courtesy, however, pass over my old 
friend Southwick, without some other notice than that of 
a mere casual glance of recognition. Southwick was a 



206 Random Recollections. 

man of genius, with all the peculiarities that belong to 
that temperament its strength and its weakness, its ex- 
cellencies and its errors; its delusive dreams and visions, 
its improvidence and its instability. He had great ferti- 
lity of mind, united with great enthusiasm. This was 
the source of his eloquence and his power. His writings 
were rather outpourings than compositions. Yet he im- 
bued them with so much life and animation, that he sel- 
dom failed to carry his readers with them. His style, 
though well adapted to the popular ear, was redundant 
in epithet, inflated and declamatory, and his language, 
though often strong and impressive, was yet in the main, 
loose and inelegant. He read but little, and only from 
necessity. He referred to books for particular facts, 
rather than for general information. 

He was, by nature, honest, warm-hearted, and gene- 
rous to a fault, but seemed to have no fixed or settled 
principles. In ethics, as well as in politics, he traveled 
from pole to pole. Yet, the kindness of his nature went 
with him and never forsook him. His heart and his 
hand were always open; and as he was credulous to 
excess, and even superstitious, he was as a matter of 
course, swindled by every knave, and duped by every 
impostor, he met with upon the road. 

He was extremely fluent and event eloquent in conver- 
sation. But he had little knowledge of the world, and 
the predominance of interest or of passion, left his judg- 
ment too often at fault. He had the finest eye and fore- 
head that ever belonged to mortal man, but every other 
feature of his face was either indifferent or defective. 
His countenance, therefore, was a correct index to the 
character of his mind incongruous, mixed, and full of 
contradictions. 

The Albany Register, which he so long and ably edited, 
was pronounced, by Judge Spencer, to be the " Political 
Bible of the Western District." A greater compliment 
was certainly never paid to the conductor of a political 
journal. 

Mr. Southwick held, at different periods, the office of 



Random Recollections. 207 

state printer, clerk of the house of assembly, sheriff of 
the county of Albany, president of the Mechanics' and 
Farmers' Bank, and postmaster of the city. Even in the 
cloudy days of his latter years, when friends, fame and 
fortune, had forsaken him, when every objectionable act 
of his life was spread upon the record, and all his faults 
and weakeness blazoned to the public eye; even then 
he received over thirty thousand votes for governor of the 
state. 

Of the clergy of those days, if I am wise, I shall say 
but little: first, because I recollect but little; and se- 
condly, because, with me, the subject is not a debatable 
one. One's opinions, unless moulded early, are often 
formed by accident, or spring up as the result of circum- 
stances. It has often occurred to me as not a little sin- 
gular, that my attention should have been turned to the 
unkindred subjects of politics and religion, at about the 
same period of time. The noise and triumph of Mr. 
Jefferson's election to the presidency, led me to look a 
little into the mysterious philosophy of party politics; 
and the preaching of Dr. Nott, carried me, nolens volens, 
into the Presbyterian brick church of South Pearl street. 
Thus I acquired, at nearly one and the same time, a de- 
cided inclination to church and state', or, in other words, 
a marked taste for politics and preaching. No one, cer- 
tainly, could have studied under abler masters: and for 
many of the opinions I entertain to this day, I hold those 
masters responsible. 

But the only names belonging to the church, of which 
my memory took cognizance, at the period referred to, 
or of which I have any distinct recollection, are those of 
Nott, Romaine and Bradford. 

Mr. Bradford was a well educated, well read, and 
gentlemanly man. He was, moreover, one of the hand- 
somest men in the city, which in the minds or fancies of 
the fairer part of his congregation, added no doubt to his 
eloquence, and of course to his usefulness in the church. 
Mr. Romaine was an able man, of a denunciatory and vehe- 
ment style of oratory altogether too Calvinistic to suit 



208 Random Recollections. 

the taste of his hearers. But it must be remembered 

" That no rogue e'er felt the halter draw 
With good opinion of the law." 

Doctor Nott, I should say, was neither a Calvinist nor 
a Lutheran. In other words, he was no bigoted secta- 
rian; and in this respect, he bore, and still bears, I 
think, but little resemblance to many of his clerical 
brethren. In mind, as well as in manner ', he stood alone. 

The narrow dogmas, and common place oratory of the 
church, were beneath him. His ambition was to make 
men wiser and better, rather than to promote the secta- 
rian interests and speculative tenets of the church. The 
eloquent enforcement of that single injunction ' ! to do 
unto others as you would have others do unto you," 
would to an unsophisticated mind be of more efficacy 
than a dozen dry discourses upon evidence, which no no- 
vice requires, or upon those knotty points in theology, 
which no intellect can comprehend. But it is not my 
business to preach, nor am I disposed to criticise the 
preaching of others. All I mean to say is, that Doctor 
Nott was by far the most eloquent and effective preacher 
of the period to which I refer; that he drew together the 
largest congregation made the deepest impression, and 
commanded the profoundest respect. 

His church was filled to overflowing. His appearance 
in the pulpit, his style of eloquence, his very look, 
" Drew audience and attention still as night, 
Or summer's noontide air " 

His elocution was admirable, and his manner altogether 
better, because more impressive, than that of any other 
preacher of the day: yet he could not, I think, have been 
over twenty-eight or thirty years of age when I first 
heard him, which was in 1803. Shortly afterwards, I 
had the pleasure of becoming personally acquainted with 
him, and soon found he possessed powers and qualities of 
which his congregation little dreamed. His talents were 
by no means confined to pulpit eloquence, nor even to 
the wider range of clerical duties. His information ex- 
tended to almost every department of life ; and with the 



Random Recollections. 209 

whole fabric of human society, he was perfectly familiar. 
He understood the animal man, not only in the abstract, 
but in all the detail of action, passion and propensity. 
He was, moreover, a mechanist, a political economist, a 
philosopher, and what is of more consequence in any 
walk of life, a man of keen observation and sound sense. 
But he is still living, and too widely known, to require 
any portraiture from my pen. 



BATTLE IN STATE STREET. 

Among other incidents and events, falling within the 
range of these reminiscences, was the famous passage of 
arms, that took place between an eminent citizen and a 
distinguished general, in one of the principal streets of 
the city in open day. It was a perilous, hand to hand 
encounter, that brought together, at least, one half of the 
male population of the town not as spectators merely, 
but as combatants, who, like the knights of old, entered 
the lists with an alacrity and a spirit, that would have 
done honor to the heroes of chivalry, when chivalry was 
in its prime, and knighthood in its glory. The full 
breadth of State street, from Pearl down to the intersec- 
tion of Court and Market, was literally filled with the 
combatants; while the doors, porches, windows, and 
even the house tops on both sides, were crowded with 
astonished and terrified spectators. The street, viewed 
from any elevated position, resembled a tumultuous sea 
of heads, over which clattered a forest of canes; the vast 
body now surging this way, now that, as the tide of com- 
bat ebbed or flowed. It was certainly, one of the most 
classic or Greek-like battles that had been fought since 
the wars of Ilium, and the heroic days of Hector and 
Achilles. But as it respects the origin of the war, the 
names of the combatants, and the details of the fight, are 
they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and 
Israel ! If not, they may perhaps, be found in the chro- 
nicles of the lives of the illustrious fathers of the city. 



210 Random Recollections. 

Certain it is that the battle has already been described; 
and the record, like the Iliad, will be found imperishable! 

It is a little curious, when we consider what Albany 
now is, to look back and recollect, that so late as 1803, 
there was but one public house in the city; or at least, 
but one in any respect better than a common signpost 
tavern, such as no gentleman of the present day would 
put his foot in: but that one was an excellent one. I 
allude to the Tontine Coffee House in State street, kept 
by Mr. Gregory: a house distinguished from all other 
public houses of that day, by the quiet order that reigned 
through all its departments ; by its perfect neatness, and 
the total absence of a bar. The higher rates of fare 
charged at the Tontine, and the fact that no liquors were 
sold except to its own boarders, nor ever seen except at 
table, excluded the low and thirsty, and left it, as it were 
by a law of its nature, open to good company alone. I 
need not say that it was well filled: it was, at least half 
the year, redundantly full. All travelers of any note or 
consequence; all foreigners of distinction; in one word, 
all gentlemen put up at the Tontine. For a period of 
some ten or twelve years, Mr. Gregory had no competi- 
tion, no rival house to contend with; and was therefore 
compelled, I do not say reluctantly, to make a fortune! 

Manners, 'tis said, change with customs; and customs, 
we all know, change sometimes for the worse. I have 
seen something of public houses and hotels since Mr. 
Gregory's day, and am forced to acknowledge, that on 
the score of gentlemanly habits, politeness, and courtesy 
among their guests, and in reference also to the civility 
of their keepers and waiters, the present bears no com- 
parison with the past. The inmates of the best hotels of 
the present day, are as varied in their aspects, habits 
and character, as were the motley herd that took lodg- 
ings in the ark ; while of their keepers and waiters the 
best that can be said, is, that they are in keeping with 
the character of their company. An occasional excep- 
tion does but strengthen the rule. 

It was at the Tontine that I became acquainted with 



Random Recollections. 211 

many of the leading politicians and distinguished men of 
the state. It was there I first saw De Witt Clinton, 
Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, Doctor Mason. Morgan 
Lewis, Daniel D. Tompkins, John Armstrong, Chancel- 
lor Livingston, and many others. It was while there, I 
had the opportunity and the pleasure of examining lei- 
surely, and with a critical eye, that lightest twig oi' the 
great Corsican tree, Mr. Jerome Bonaparte; and of ob- 
serving the fine form, the careless, abandoned air, and 
soldierly aspect of the celebrated Moreau, the rival at once 
of Xenophon and Napoleon. The Tontine was, indeed, 
for several years, my local observatory, from which I 
watched the transit of the political planets, and noted 
the restless movements of the wandering stars. It was, in 
fact, the best school house I ever entered, and the only 
one, I am sorry to say, 'in which I ever took much de- 
light. 

I can not resist the temptation (though I know I shall 
make nothing of it) to relate a ludicrous circumstance 
which took place at the Tontine, in the summer of 1804. 
I am well aware that many a good joke has been spoiled, 
and many a laughable incident rendered grave, by an 
attempt to put them on paper. 'Tis useless, said Doctor 
Johnson, to print Quin's jokes, unless you print his face 
with them. Nevertheless, I shall venture to relate the 
circumstance to which I have referred. I shall call it. 

THE STORY OF MONSIEUR GARROT. 

Among the many foreigners at the Tontine in the 
traveling season of 1804, was a French gentleman by the 
name of Garrot, apparently about twenty-five or thirty 
years of age; remarkable for the simplicity of his man- 
ners, for his taste in music, and for his inability to speak 
a word of English. His personal appearance was greatly 
in his favor; being stout, well made, and of a most 
agreeable countenance. Sitting near him at table, and 
speaking a little French, I soon became acquainted with 
him. He was, I found, a German by birth, born in 



212 Random Recollections. 

Frankfort, but a resident of Nantes. He remained seve- 
ral months in the city, was flush of money, arid liberal, 
not to say profuse, in his expenditures. 

His object, if indeed he had any, was to obtain infor- 
mation as to the form and character of our government ; 
the institutions and condition of the country; its extent, 
population, trade, commerce, agricultural products, arts, 
manufactures, &c., &c. Of all the travelers I had ever 
met with, he was the most inquisitive. He asked ten 
thousand questions about things of which I knew nothing, 
or next to nothing questions, some of which, it would 
have puzzled Chief Justice Marshall, Mr. Madison, Mr. 
Clay, or Mr. Anybody Else, save John Quincy Adams, 
to have answered off-hand. But as I perceived he enter- 
tained a high opinion of my abilities, I had not the heart, 
nor was it indeed my business, to undeceive him. I was 
ashamed to confess ignorance upon any point, and there- 
fore gave him prompt and specific answers to each and 
every question, let it relate to what it might: but the 
mischief of it was, they were all taken for gospel, and 
immediately noted down in his tablets. 

I could not but laugh at the idea. It was, perhaps, 
unfair on my part, but the fault was his. To suppose a 
young man of twenty-two or three, of sufficient authority 
for the history and statistics of an empire, was absurd. 
He should have known better. Many a book, however, 
has been written upon information of an inferior quality 
to that with which I furnished Monsieur Garrot, and 
from a less rational, not to say reliable source. It was 
through the priests and poets of Egypt and Assyria, 
that Herodotus obtained the materials for his famous 
history; and who thinks the less of his history on that 
account? The credulity and child-like simplicity of the 
author, together with the traditional and poetical charac- 
ter of its testimony constitute, in fact, its greatest attrac- 
tions. 

But Monsieur Garrot, no doubt, congratulated himself 
upon his good fortune in finding a person so full of infor- 
mation, and so ready to impart it. On the other side, I 



Random Recollections. 213 

did the best I could, under the circumstances. I studied 
day and night to prepare myself for Mr. Garrot's ques- 
tions; and if monsieur published his book, I flattered 
myself that it would be found in the truth of its state- 
ments and the accuracy of its details, at least equal to 
the history of Herodotus, or the travels of Basil Hall! 

But this has nothing to do with the circumstance 
which it was my intention to narrate. It may serve, 
however, as a preface to the story, which runs thus : 

Monsieur Garrot and myself after a long walk one 
Sunday afternoon, returned to the Tontine about six 
o'clock. The weather was extremely hot; and as the 
private parlors below were filled with strangers, I ac- 
companied Mr. Garrot to his own chamber, where, com- 
plaining of the heat, he threw off his coat, and, some- 
what to my surprise, continued the operation of stripping, 
until he came to the last article, over which, however, 
he threw a light silk morning gown light, indeed, as 
gossamer : this he tied loosely at the neck, and then 
sticking his toes into a pair of yellow slippers, began 
walking backward and forward between the window and 
door, both of which were thrown open to admit the air. 
The window looked into the street ; the door opened into 
a wide hall, with dormitories on either side. While 
thus cooling himself in the breeze, which swept his loose 
drapery from side to side, he suddenly turned to me and 
inquired whether I was fond of music. I answered, of 
course, in the affirmative. When, without further cere- 
mony, he opened a long case filled with musical instru- 
ments of various kinds, and asked me which I preferred. 
I could hardly believe it possible that he really meant to 
exercise his musical talents on that day of the week; but 
being a little curious, and, I must confess, a little mis- 
chievous at the same time, I pointed to the violin, which 
he immediately took out, and began to twang and tune. 
The discharge of a 12 pounder in the hall, would not 
have set the house in greater commotion. The first 
scrape of the bow brought half a dozen chambermaids to 
[Annals, x.] 19 



214 Random Recollections. 

the door; who, catching sight of monsieur's bare legs, 
&c., ran down stairs, and reported that there was a 
Frenchman fiddling in the chambers, stark naked ! By this 
time, my friend Garrot had got fairly a going; and, with 
his head inclined to one shoulder, and his eye turned 
upwards, stalked up and down the room, fiddling as if the 
devil, together with Apollo and the whole nine were in 
him. The figure he cut was so ridiculous, that I thought 
I should have died in the effort to suppress my laughter. 

In less than five minutes from the time he began, it ap- 
peared to me that not Jess than five hundred heads had 
passed the door, each one catching something more than 
a glimpse of monsieur's fine form. The wind seemed to 
increase with the music, and the stride of the performer 
became more lofty and majestic. At every turn the 
morning gown filled and swelled with the breeze now 
waving and flapping in the cross current, and now ex- 
tending out, as it were, upon a taught bowline. The 
hall was literally crowded with spectators, and the seve- 
ral questions Who is lie? Where did he come from? Is 
he mad? were whispered in rapid succession. But Mon- 
sieur Garrot saw nothing but the ceiling of his room 
heard nothing but the clarion voice of his own fiddle. 

I was amazed at his abstraction at his enthusiasm; 
and yet found it difficult to prevent myself from laughing 
aloud. He fiddled with such force and energy, that his 
elbow seemed to move like a whipsaw driven by steam. 
I had no idea that 'twas in the power of a single instru- 
ment to produce such a tumult of sounds. 

The Battle of Prague, roared from ten " forty piaz- 
zas" (as Johnny Robison used to called them) would be 
a mere tinkling, compared with this uproar of Mr. Gar- 
rot's fiddle. I could not but confess, that in variety, 
force and compass, he surpassed even my old friend Mr. 
Giles. This is no light compliment. A greater, indeed, 
could not in sincerity be paid to the most celebrated per- 
former. 

But Mr. Gregory, at length, made his appearance, and 
as he worked his way through the crowd at the door, I 



Random Recollections. 215 

could perceive that he was not only angry, but a little 
frightened. He was about to speak to Mr. Garrot, but 
Mr. Garrot was too much engaged to take the least no- 
tice of him ; he therefore addressed himself to me, and 
said " For God's sake, Mr. Jones, what is the meaning 
of all this?" I was so full of laughter that I could not 
speak, and of course said nothing. He then turned to 
Mr. Garrot, and raised his hand as a sign for him to 
stop. Now, Mr. Gregory had no more the appearance of 
an innkeeper than he had of an emperor. It was natural, 
therefore, that the Frenchman should consider him as an 
intruder, and order him out of the room ; which he did. 
But 'twas in French, which he perceived Mr. Gregory 
did not understand. He therefore collected all the 
English he was master of, and exclaimed, in an offended 
tone, " Vat you vont?" Mr. Gregory was about to reply, 
when monsieur, waving his hand, cried " Go vay ! go 
vay !" and thereupon commenced fiddling fiercer than 
ever. This produced a universal burst of laughter; and 
so loud and long was the peal (in which I was compelled 
to join), that monsieur paused, and seemed now, for the 
first time, to be sensible that there was an unusual col- 
lection in the hall, and that something was wrong some- 
where. 

The scene at this moment was picturesque in the 
highest degree. There stood Mons. Garrot, in the middle 
of the room, with his fiddle in his hand; his pantaloons 
hanging upon a chair, and his morning gown floating be- 
hind him; looking first at Mr. Gregory, then at me, then 
at the cluster of heads at the door, utterly at a loss to 
know what it all meant. There stood Mr. Gregory, too, 
in his neat drab colored coat and Sunday inexpressibles, 
the very impersonation of order, decency and decorum, 
looking at the brawny, half naked Frenchman, with 
wonder and surprise. There, too, was the crowd of cu- 
rious faces, male and female, peering in at the hall door; 
exhibiting every variety of expression, from the most 
serious to the most comic; all staring in profound silence, 
at the Frenchman and his fiddle. It was ridiculous 



216 Random Recollections. 

enough ; and had it continued a moment longer, it would 
have been discreditable too. At my suggestion, Mr. 
Gregory left the room. I then closed the door, and en- 
deavored to explain to Mr. Garrot the cause of the col- 
lection in the hall, and the motives of the individual who 
had interrupted him. But I found it difficult to make 
him comprehend it ; for I was not a little puzzled myself 
to shape the matter in such a way as to render the ex- 
planation satisfactory, as well as plausible. At length 
he seemed to understand it; and taking out his tablets, 
wrote down what I suppose he considered the substance 
of my explanation, and then handed it to me and read. 
It ran thus: "Americans have very little taste for 
music, and never listen with pleasure to the violin on 
Sundays, except in church!' 9 

'Tis very well, said I, monsieur; 'tis very well. 

Half an hour afterwards, we walked deliberately down 
stairs, and took our seats at the tea table, as carelessly 
and as composedly, as if nothing had happened. But I 
observed, what Monsieur Garrot probably did not, that 
every eye in the room was occasionally turned upon him. 
Though in one sense the author of the mischief, and 
certainly the most censurable of the two, yet I received 
the thanks of Mr. Gregory, for having put an end to the 
confusion occasioned by the musical taste of Monsieur 
Garrot. 

It is near the breakfast hour and the city' boarders, I 
perceive, are already dropping in. That well dressed, 
handsome faced gentleman standing upon the stoop, with 
his hat under his arm and a rattan in his hand, is Mr. 
James Kane, of whom you have heard me speak so fre- 
quently. The tall, spare man, with whom he is con- 
versing, is Mr. Walter Clark, a merchant, of the city, 
plain and simple in his character and manner, but polite 
and gentlemanly. The person that has just joined them, 
is an exceedingly clever man in his way a little self- 
complacent, perhaps, but a gentleman and a wit: the 
latter he inherited, among other goods and chattels, from 
his father, who had a great deal more, by the by, than he 



Random Recollections. 217 

bequeathed to any one. He is, as you perceive, extremely 
civil and polite; but it is rather because he deems it due 
to himself, than to others. His wit, though perfectly 
good natured, is not scattered at random. It has its 
mark, and is always intended to tell. But notwith- 
standing his piquancy, and self appreciation, he is a cle- 
ver companion, particularly over a bottle of good Ma- 
deira. His fine rosy face shows this. In short, among 
the gentlemen of the Tontine, Mr. Caldwell holds no 
second rank. 

That young man standing in the centre of the group on 

the left, is a Mr. , somewhat remarkable for his flow 

of spirits and fluency of speech. He has acquired some 
reputation in the city, as a business man, and is quite a 
favorite with Mr. Kane. He is said to be something of 
a reader too, and, by the aid of a retentive memory, sus- 
tains himself in the midst of a class of young men, much 
better educated than himself. He has a disposition to 
satire, which he frequently indulges at the expense of 
others, but without any taint of malignity. In his open 
and somewhat random mode of talking, he certainly says 
some things, and tells some truths, which it would be 
difficult for any other person to utter without giving 
offence. He has the advantage, too, of being older, if 
not abler, than he looks; and, under the guise of a frank 
and heedless manner, is keenly observant of the conduct 
and character of those around him. I have no doubt that 
he has, at this moment, in his portfolio, a full length 
portrait, not only of many of his personal friends and 
acquaintances, but of most of the distinguished men of 
the state. But he is no scholar, and can not give to his 
sketches an abiding interest. 

That plain but gentlemanly looking man, now talking 
with Mr. Kane, is Mr. Sedgwick, a member of the bar, 
and one of the most promising young men in the city. 
His character may be read in his countenance: in which, 
I think, you may also read that he is from Massachusetts. 
He brings with him the advantages of family reputation, 
character, and talents; and sustains these antecedents by 



218 



Random Recollections* 



personal merit, purity of mind, and cleverness of manner. 
He is the professional partner of Mr. Harmanus Bleecker, 
a gentleman of sterling merit, and withal the best Dutch 
scholar in the city. 




Dutch Church. 



Ancient Costume. 



(219) 

KEMINISCENCES OF ALBANY. 

From Memoirs of Elkanah Watson, p. 267. 



1788. 

Curiosity conducted him to the " old Dutch city of Al- 
bany," that he might compare their habits and manners 
with those of the cities 01 Holland, from whence their an- 
cestors had emigrated more than one hundred and fifty 
years before ; the one surrounded by the progress and re- 
finement of Europe, and the other in contact with savage 
barbarism. At that period Albany was the second city in 
the state, containing about six hundred dwellings, general- 
ly constructed on the old Dutch model, but was rapidly 
modernizing, as well in its architecture as customs. The 
city he regarded as awkwardly situated upon the declivity 
of a hill. The houses were principally of brick , and many 
were elegant. Vessels of eight feet draught plied con- 
stantly and in great numbers between the city and New 
York. The trade was immense, and rapidly increasing. 
A branch of this trade, formerly of great value, had 
then become nearly extinct the traffic in furs, which the 
British had found means toavett from this avenue, chiefly 
by the ascendency they derived from their forts, within 
our own territory. 

The inhabitants were mostly Dutch, attached to their 
own customs, and cherishing their national prejudices. 

As foreigners intermixed with them, these peculiarities 
were relaxing, and insensibly softening. They had gene- 
rally adopted in the instruction of their children the Eng- 
lish tongue, by the establishment of English schools. 
Mr. Watson expressed in his journal, the prediction that 
the Dutch language, in half a century, would be unknown 
in that city as a spoken language. 

He proceeded eight miles from Albany to the new 
glasshouse, erected by John De Neufville, a former cor- 



220 Reminiscences of Albany. 

respondent of Mr. Watson, and an inhabitant of Am- 
sterdam. Mr. De Neufville was the negotiator of the 
treaty made by Holland with the American congress, 
which essentially produced the war between the former 
and England in 1781. He commenced business with an 
hereditary capital of half a million sterling, and lived 
in Amsterdam and at his country seat in the highest 
affluence and splendor. He sacrificed his fortune by his 
attachment to the cause of American independence, and 
in his efforts to sustain it. The fragments of his es- 
tate he had invested in the hopeless enterprise of estab- 
lishing this glass factory. Mr. Watson found this gentle- 
man, born to affluence, in a solitary seclusion, occupying 
a miserable log cabin furnished with a single deal table 
and two common chairs destitute of the ordinary com- 
forts of life. 

Ibid, p. 275. 

My curiosity satisfied, I sent my horse towards Albany, 
and embarked on board a returning bateaux, and pro- 
ceeded down the Mohawk to Little Falls, anxious to 
examine that place, with an eye to canals. We aban- 
doned ourselves to the current of the river, which, with 
the aid of our oars, impelled us at a rapid rate. We met 
numerous bateaux coming up the river, freighted with 
whole families, emigrating to the "land of promise." I 
was surprised to observe the dexterity with which they 
manage their boats, and the progress they make in poll- 
ing up the river, against a current of at least three miles 
an hour. The first night we encamped at a log-hut on 
the banks of the river, and the next morning I disem- 
barked at German Flats. 

The meander-ings of the river, by my estimate, about 
doubles the distance of a direct line. We passed a valu- 
able tract of 16,000 acres of land, situated on the north 
side of the river, which has been granted by the state to 
Baron Steuben. From Schenectady I pursued the road 
across a thickly settled country, embracing many fine 
farms, to Ashley's Ferry, six miles above Albany. On 
the east side of the river, at this point, a new town has 



> 



Reminiscences of Albany. 221 

been recently laid out, named Vanderheyden.* This 
place is situated precisely at the head of navigation on 
the Hudson. Several bold and enterprising adventurers 
have already settled here; a number of capacious ware- 
houses, and several dwellings, are already erected. It 
is favorably situated in reference to the important and 
growing trade of Vermont and Massachusetts; and I 
believe it not only bids fair to be a serious thorn in the 
side of New City,J but in the issue a fatal rival. 

I spent a day in examining this locality, and then 
walked on the banks of tHe Hudson, a distance of three 
miles, to New City, where I continued several days. 
This place is thronged by mercantile emigrants, princi- 
pally from New England, who have enjoyed a very ex- 
tensive and lucrative trade, supplying Vermont and the 
region on both banks of the Hudson, as far as Lake 
George, with merchandise ; and receiving in payment 
wheat, pot and pearl ashes, and lumber. But, as I 
remarked, I think Vanderheyden must, from its more 
eligible position, attain the ultimate ascendency. 

I crossed the river at Half- Moon, a small hamlet con- 
taining about twenty dwellings; and about a mile from 
this place I visited the Cohoes falls, upon the Mohawk 
river. Nothing so much charms and elevates my mind 
as the contemplation of nature in her bold and majestic 
works. Fixing my position on the margin of the bank, 
which descends in a vertical precipice of about seventy 
feet, I beheld the volume of the Mohawk, plunging over 
a fall of about the same height, and nearly perpendicular. 
The barrier of rocks the lofty banks the roaring and 
dashing of the waters and the cloud of mist, presented 
a spectacle of surprising sublimity. The river divides 
immediately below the falls into three branches, and 
empties into the Hudson, nearly opposite New City. 
The bed of the stream is filled with rocks, among which 
it rushes and surges in terrific impetuosity. 

* The original name of the present beautiful city of Troy, 
t The city of Lansingburgh was then known by that name. 



222 Reminiscences of Albany. 

In the view of ascending by locks from the Hudson 
into the Mohawk river, it appears to me that the obsta- 
cles at this place will be much greater than to cut a canal 
across the pine plains, into a grand basin, back of Albany. 
I took passage in a bateau at New City, to Albany, for 
the purpose of sounding the river. The result of my 
examination satisfied me, that in ordinary tides five or 
six feet may be carried to within a mile of New City, 
and from thence to that town fifteen to eighteen inches. 
The tides sensibly rise and fall as far up as Vanderhey- 
den. 

Upon careful investigation and mature reflection, it 
appears to my mind that Albany is one of the most favor- 
able positions in America for the future enjoyment of a 
vast internal commerce. It is favorably situated in refe- 
rence to the trade of Vermont, and the extensive eastern 
country. It may control the fur trade of the lakes; it 
must occupy the avenues which penetrates into the valley 
of the Mohawk; and will be the depot of the produce 
from the luxuriant territory of the Genesee. 

From Albany, Mr. Watson proceeded to New York by 
a packet, and occupied three days in the passage. He 
speaks of the Overslaugh three miles below Albany, as 
sounding only eight feet of water, while immediately be- 
low it deepens to twelve or fourteen feet, and suggests 
that the impediment might be removed by closing two 
channels, and throwing the whole current of the river 
into the third. This obstacle being removed he expresses 
the opinion that Albany would become a mart of foreign 
commerce. 



(223) 



PETITION OF REV. G. DELLIUS 

FOR PAYMENT OF SERVICES. 

1714. 

To the Honnerable the Generale Assembly for the collony 

of New York. 
The Humble petition of Godefrius Dellius, by his At- 

tourney Adolph Philipse. 

Sheweth : That during the time your Honnor's Petition- 
er was minister to the Dutch Congregation of Albany, he 
undertook, at his great cost and Labour to Convert the 
5 Nations & River Indians to Christianity. And have- 
ing Layd the first Foundation of that Pious work, and 
made a Progress therein beyond expectation, It was 
Esteemed of that utility, not onely in Propagating the 
Gospel among those Heathens, but Likewise to steddy 
them in their Interest and Obedience of the Crown of 
England, That the Then Governor and council allowed 
to your Petitioner a Sallary of sixty pounds pr. Annum 
for that service, which was accordingly payd from time 
to time (as he believes) Except for one year and some 
odd months, which still Remains unpayd. 

That upon the conclusion of the Former Peace with 
France, the Right Honnorable the Earl of Bellmont, then 
Governor of this Province, sent Coll. Peter Schuyler and 
your Petitioner on an Ambassy to the Governor of Can- 
nada, For which they were to have^ a Reward of one 
hundered pounds. And your Petitioner is informed that 
Coll. Schuyler has Received 50 for his moyety thereof; 
the other 50 due to your Petitioner for that service 
Remaines unpayd. 

That your petitioner having some Reasons to Remove 
with his family back to Europe, could not Personally 



224 Petition of Rev. Godfriedus Dellius, 

sollissit the obtaining warrants or Payment of the Re- 
spective Sumes above mentioned; and the severall At- 
tourneys your Petitioner had here from time to time, 
have been the more Remiss in procuring Either the one 
or the other, because they found the Revenue so much 
Anticipated before. So that the onely Relief Left your 
Petitioner is from this Honorable House, who having now 
under their Prudent consideration the Payment of all the 
Just Debts and Claims of this Collony, and your Petitioner 
Conceiving the said two sumes to be such, 

Doth therefore humbly Pray your Honnors in your 
great Justice will please to order and enact that the two 
Respective Sumes of 60 and 50 for the services above- 
mentioned, maybe payd for his use to his said Attourny, 
In the Like manner as other the Debts and Claims of 
this Government are to be payd, or in such other manner 
as to your great Wisdom shall seem meet. And your 
Petioner as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray &c. 

A. D. PHILIPSE, 
For GODFRIEDUS DELLIUS. 

New York, 19th May 1714. 

[" Considered by y e Councill and allow'd for Instruct- 
ing y e Indians halfe, the other Disallowed."] 



(225) 

NOTES FROM THE NEWSPAPERS. 

Continued from vol. ix, p. 283. 

1834. 

May 1. It appears by the semi-annual report of the 
Chamberlain that the debt of the city was $118,000; that 
$46,166 had been paid during the previous six months. 
Among the expenditures were the following: 

City Watch, $4,159'60 

Ciry Lamps, 2,668-72 

Paving and draining, 48,865-47 

Ferry, including purchase of lots, &c.,. . 11,562*26 

Schools, .' 3,788-31 

County Poor, 11,025*27 

Contingencies, 12,309'38 

May 21. Dr. C. Humphrey, eldest son of Chauncy 
Humphrey, died in Calcutta, aged 33. 

June 23. The common council elected Harmanus Van 
Ingen chief engineer of the fire department. William 
McElroy and -Charles Pohlman were elected assistant 
engineers. 

The canal basin having been constructed without any 
outlet, became a nuisance, and the corporation was in- 
dicted for it. The recorder, James McKown, was in- 
structed to defend the action, on the ground that the bulk 
head at the lower part of the basin had been placed there 
jby the pier company under the sanction of an act of the 
legislature, and being private property, the corporation 
could not be bound to abate the nuisance. The Albany 
court of sessions decided against the corporation, but the 
supreme court reversed the decision. 

A law was passed to construct a stone arch over Beaver 
creek in Johnson street. The creek was still an open 
stream throughout its entire length, to the river. 
[Annak, x.] 20 



Notes from the Newspapers. 1834. 

July 4. The Albany Burgesses Corps made its first 
public parade, with about fifty rank and file, making a 
new military feature in the city both as to uniform and 
tactics. 

July 4. The new bell of the Second R. P. Dutch church 
was rung for the first time on this morning. It was the 
third bell that had been suspended in the tower of that 
church. The first was imported from Holland in 1818, 
and weighed 28421bs, at a cost of nearly $2000. It was 
broken the same year. The second was recast from the 
materials of the first in December of the same year by 
Julius Hanks, of Gibbonsville, and weighed 24301bs. 
It was cracked in May of the present year, and recast by 
Lewis Aspinwall of this city, on the evening of the 27th 
June, and suspended in time to announce the day of in- 
dependence. Its weight was 27371bs, the largest bell in 
the city. 

July 4. \\illiam Cook, an Albany merchant, died at 
Saratoga Springs. 

July 5. Sally Ann, wife of Lemuel L. Steele, died, 
aged 28. 

July 7. The steam boat Helen, built on a new prin- 
ciple by Mr. Burden, arrived on her first trip from New 
York. She broke some part of her machinery twice 
during the passage, and made the trip in 9h. 58m. 

July 9. Erastus Corning, chairman of the commis- 
sioners, gave notice that an election for thirteen directors 
of the Albany City Bank, and for three inspectors of the 
first annual election thereafter, would be held at the City 
Hotel on the 24th July. Subsequently Erastus Corning 
was elected president, and Watts Sherman, cashier of 
the bank at Little Falls, was appointed cashier. 

July 10. Mrs. Pheby Taylor died aged 80, and was 
buried from the house of her son John Taylor, in Lydius 
street. 

July 11. Isaac 0. Davis advertised a mercantile gen- 
eral agency and collecting office, No. 67 State street. 

July 14. Edmund Charles Genet died at his residence, 
Prospect Hill, Greenbush, aged 71. He took an active 
part for many years in the vain endeavor to procure a 



1834. Notes from the Newspapers. 227 .^ 

permanent improvement in the channel of the river near 
this city. 

July 15. James Hunter died, aged 38. He was one 
of the editors of the Albany Daily Advertiser, from 1823 
until October, 1832, and in the course of that period he la- 
bored assiduously in maintenance of the principles of the 
Clintonian party until the death of the governor left it 
without a head. He had recently been engaged in edit- 
ing the Albany Daily NBWS, which he relinquished only 
four days before his death. 

July 16. James Parker died, aged 24. 

July 17. George Greer died, aged 74. 

Ruth, widow of Stephen Lobdel, died, aged 61 . 

July 18. Charles R. Webster, founder of the Albany 
Gazette, died at Saratoga Springs, aged 72. He had 
been ill several weeks of a glandular affection, but was 
not supposed to be in imminent danger. Only a few 
minutes before his death he was walking about his room. 
He was a native of Connecticut, served his apprentice- 
ship with the ancient house of Hudson & Goodwin at 
Hartford, and in 1782 he established a weekly paper 
here in connection with S. Ballentine, and two years 
later commenced the Albany Gazette, at the head of 
which he remained about forty years, and was also ex- 
tensively engaged in bookselling. During half a century 
he was conspicuous for a liberal philanthropy, and an 
unvarying readiness to give aid and impulse to every 
enterprise calculated to advance the interests of the city, 
or secure the beneficial results of a discriminating charity. 
As a natural consequence he had become identified with 
the interests and growing prosperity of the city. For a 
biographical sketch of him see Annals, vol. 5, p. 230. His 
funeral was attended by a large concourse of citizens, 
including several societies of which he had been a con- 
spicuous and valuable member. 

July 25. The funeral ceremonies in honor of Lafayette 
were performed in this city with great splendor and effect. 
The military, firemen, the societies and trades swelled 
the pageant. Major-General Stephen Van Rensselaer, Jr. 



228 Notes from the Newspapers. 1834. 

headed the procession as marshal. The pall bearers 
were nine revolutionary companions of Lafayette, Messrs. 
Gregory, Winne, Hilton, Van Rensselaer, Ryckman, Kid- 
ney, Van Alstyne, Shields and Russell. The Yorktown 
ordnance, a twelve-pounder, captured by Lafayette at 
Yorktown, was borne in the procession. The eulogy 
was delivered by the Rev. Dr. Sprague. A torch light 
procession by the Burgesses Corps under Capt. Cole and 
the firemen, at 11 o'clock at night, bore the urn and 
eagle from the church to the Capitol, and closed the im- 
posing ceremonies of the occasion. 

July 28. George G. Simpson died, aged 33. 

July 28. At a meeting of the common council G. W. 
Carpenter, city surveyor, reported a level for that part 
of the city lying south of Ferry .street and west of Pearl 
street. At the same meeting it was resolved to alter the 
level of Patroon street from the pavement west. 

The directors of the Hudson River Steam Boat com- 
pany reduced the fare between New York and Albany on 
all their boats to $2. 

July 28. The annual examination of the Albany 
Academy took place, when the honors were awarded to 
the following boys: Aurelian Conkling (took the Cald- 
well Medal), John Newland, Isaac Vanderpoel (1st in 
Daboll), Maunsell Van* Rensselaer, James B. Weed, 
Frederick Townsend, Aaron Hill, Wm. A. Miller, Wm. 
Davis, George H. Monteath, Robert Townsend, George 
B. Hoyt, A. A. Dunlop. Robert Waterman, Duncan 
Campbell, Henry Q. Lansing. These lads are now fill- 
ing creditable positions in divinity, law and trade. 

Aug. 6. Samuel Harbeck died in New York, aged 50. 

Aug. 9. Francis W., son of Lemuel Pierce, died, 
aged 23. 

Aug. 11. Jane Ann, wife of John Manning, died, 
aged 28. 

Aug. 11. At a meeting of the common council, John 
Preston, *' a sojourner in this city," presented a petition 
urging the planting of elm trees on each side of the streets. 

A communication was received from John Forsyth, 



1834. Notes from the Newspapers. 229 

acting secretary of war, in relation to the appropriation 
recently granted by congress for the improvement of the 
Hudson river. There was a difference between the com- 
mon councils of Troy and Albany about this work, the 
former wished to have it commence at the upper end, the 
latter at the southern and extend north as far as the ap- 
propriation would carry it. 

Aug. 11. Cases of cholera occurred. On the 15th 
the board of health reported that there had been 15 cases- 
and 3 deaths since the 12th. 

Aug. 15. Julia Ann* wife of Orison Filkins, died, 
aged 21. 

Aug. 18. Fourteen new cases of cholera and nine 
deaths occurred since the 15th. 

Aug. 19. Five new cases and one death. 

Aug. 20. Seven new cases, six deaths. John I. 

Evertsen died, aged 45. 

Aug. 21. The new Uuiversalist meeting house in 
Green street was dedicated. 

Aug. 25. Lewis Grinnell died, aged 41. 

Aug. 26. Mrs. Jane Lamphire died, aged 67. 
Mrs. Jane Ann Mancius died. 

Sept. 1. Margaret, widow of Harmanus Ten Eyck, 
died, aged 79. 

Sept. 3. Matilda, widow of John B. Van Steenbergh, 
died. 

Sept. 7. John L. Burrows died at Caughnawaga. 

Mary C., wife of Dr. Richard Dusenbury, 
died in Westchester county. 

Sept. 8. The Theatre which had been some time 
closed, was opened by William Duffy, remodeled, and 
decorated by the skill of John Leslie. 

A new line of steam boats was now running on the 
river in competition with the old line, having two boats, 
the Nimrod and Champion, under the title of the Peo- 
ple's Line. 

Sept. 8. Frances, wife of Daniel Powers, died, aged 47. 

Sept. 9. The common council, on the application of 
Lemuel Jenkins directed Jay street to be provided with 
lamps. 



230 Notes from the Newspapers. 1834. 

Sept. 9. Mary, widow of Duncan McLachlan, died, 
aged 44. 

Sept. 16. The board of health congratulated the citi- 
zens on the continued good health of the city since the 
month came in; the reports of the physicians were no 
longer required, and the hospital opened for the reception 
of cholera patients had been closed. 

Sept. 17. A general convention of the Universalists 
of the United States was held at the new meeting house 
in Green street; the occasional sermon being preached 
by the Rev. Hosea Ballon. 

Sept. 17. Phoebe, wife of Capt. Eliakim Ford, died, 
aged 47. 

Rebecca, wife of Schuyler Van Rensselaer, died at 
Huron, Ohio, aged 39. 

Sept. 22. Fergus McLachlan died, aged 63. 

John Hallenbeck, formerly of Albany, died at Havana, 
aged 28. 

A wandering religious imposter, Mathias, was appre- 
hended upon suspicion of many crimes committed against 
individuals in New York, whose confidence in his divine 
mission he had unaccountably succeeded in obtaining. 

Sept. 22. At a meeting of the common council a peti- 
tion was presented for opening Quay street from Lydius 
to Ferry street. 

The committee on schools reported a resolution to 
raise $1262-77 for the support of the common school 
east of Perry street. 

The three infant schools that were now maintained 
by charitable contributions, had about 1200 pupils, and 
cost $1,000 per annum. A part of the money was raised 
by collections in the churches. 

Sept. 30. Henry Carpenter died. 

Oct. 1. John W. Cushman died, aged 30. 

Oct. 6. At a meeting of the common council P. Nor- 
ton and two or three hundred others of all parties 
petitioned for a law to prevent the burning of tar barrels, 
throwing of fire balls composed of tow, turpentine and 
other inflammable articles, about the periods of elections, 
and other times of public excitement. 



1834. Notes from the Newspapers. 231 

The legislature had passed a law on the first of May, 
that the time of holding the annual election for aldermen, 
prescribed in the charter the last Tuesday in September, 
should be changed to the first Tuesday of May, and au- 
thorizing the aldermen to hold over the intervening seven 
months. A controversy arose in the board about the 
constitutionality of such a law, Israel Williams in a long 
speech maintained that it was unconstitutional, and the 
recorder, James McKown and Mr. Lovett defending the 
law. On motion of alderman Wasson the subject was 
laid on the table, 12 to Q, 

Mary, widow of Joseph Ives, died, aged 71. 

Nancy, wife of Loammi Carter, died. 

Mary A., wife of George M. Sayles, died. 

Oct. 8. The Albany Burgesses Corps celebrated their' 
first anniversary by an excursion to Troy and Gibbons- 
ville. 

Oct. 11. Gilbert Ackerman died. 

The sale of the pews in the new Pearl street Baptist 
church produced nearly $19,000, leaving 70 unsold. 

Oct. 12. Paul Hochstrasser died of apoplexy at his 
residence in Perry, Genesee county, aged 71. 

John Southmayd died at New Bedford aged 30. 

Rev. Mr. Ide preached his first sermon in the Green 
street Baptist church. 

Oct. 15. Wm. Henry Shaw died, aged 24. 

Wm. A. Tweed Dale gave notice that having finished 
a term of twenty-three years in this city, and relinquished 
the business of school teaching, he proposed to instruct 
young men in a course of reading in connection with the 
Apprentices' Library. 

Oct. 16. The committee (consisting of S. S. Fowler, 
B. P. Staats, and S. Schuyler) appointed by the board of 
supervisors to erect an additional prison on the peniten- 
tiary system, gave notice that they had discharged the 
duty assigned to them, and requested all citizens who 
felt an interest in the punishment and reformation of 
offenders to call and examine said prison, which would 
be open for the purpose. 



232 Notes from the Newspapers. 1834. 

Oct. 20. James King petitioned the common council 
to have Ten Broeck street excavated; Henry Newman 
and others in behalf of the Lutheran church and John 
Meads in behalf of the water works company remon- 
strated against the opening of a square adjacent to the 
contemplated State House; John Vosburgh and others 
petitioned for the change of the name of Orchard street 
to Pearl; James McNaughton and others applied for the 
$1500 appropriated by the board for the improvement of 
Clinton square. 

Oct. 21. An anniversary of all the sabbath schools took 
place by a procession from the Park to the Second Pres- 
byterian church, where the exercises were conducted by 
the Revs. Dr. Sprague, J. N. Campbell, Meeker, Kirk and 
Ferris. 

Elizabeth, daughter of the late Chancellor Lansing, 
died. 

Oct. 23. The steam boat Novelty with a load of Nott's 
stoves struck a hommock on the overslaugh and sunk. 

Oct. 24. William Teeling died, aged 63. 

Oft. 25. Mary, widow of Wm. Brown, died, aged 79. 

Oct. 26. The Pearl street Baptist church was opened 
for public worship, the sermon by the Rev. Mr. Ide, pas- 
tor of the Green street church. 

The Rev. Dr. Ludlow of the North Dutch church was 
appointed provost of the University of Pennsylvania, 
and professor of moral philosophy. 

Oct. 27. Killian H. Van Rensselaer died, aged 23. 
Daniel Sickles died. 

Nov. 5. Sarah, wife of Jellis Winne, Jr., died. 

Nov. 5. At the annual election the following vote 
was cast in the city, except in the three first lines the 
first ward is not included. 
Governor, Seward 1523, Marcy 1434. 
Lt. Gov. Stillwell 1525, Tracy 1427. 
Senator, Miller 1529, Lawyer 1425. 
Congress, Barnard 2137, Lansing 1930. 
Assembly, Wheaton 2135, Waldron 2125, Frisbee 2117. 
(Dem.) Livingston 1943, Conner 1922, Seger 1927. 



1834. Notes from the Newspapers. 233 

Clerk, Haswell 2051, Ten Eyck 2004. 
'Sheriff, McDuffie 2169, Niles 1980. 

Mr. Marcy's majority in the county was 29. 

Gerrit Y. Lansing was elected to congress by a major- 
ity of 123 votes over Daniel D. Barnard, having received 
4944. 

Edward Livingston was elected to the assembly by a 
majority of 5 over Henry G. Wheaton. 

Angus McDuffie was elected sheriff, the only candidate 
of the whig party that was elected. 

Conrad A. Ten Eyck Deceived 5028 votes for county 
clerk, the largest vote received by any candidate, 

Nov. 12. Richard Rhodes died, aged 34. 

Nov. 15. Elizabeth, wife of John Hamilton, late of 
the Albany Theatre, died, aged 30. 

Nov. 16. Isaac Hamilton, an eminent lawyer, died at 
St. Mary's, Georgia, aged 55. He had practiced his pro- 
fession in Albany more than thirty years, and was noted 
for strict integrity and unwearied industry. He was re- 
peatedly elected to the offices of supervisor and alderman 
in his ward, and member of assembly once. In every 
public station in which he was placed, he evinced a noble 
disinterestedness of character and elevated views of pub- 
lic duty and public virtue. 

Nov. 19. At an election for officers of the St. Nich- 
olas Benevolent Society, the following were chosen for 
the year ensuing. 

Abraham Van Vechten, president. 

Harmanus Bleecker, ) 

Solomon Van Rensselaer, V vice presidents. 

John B. Van Schaick, ) 

John V. L. Pruyn, secretary. 

Volkert P. Douw, treasurer. 

Rev. Robert Bronk and Rev. Cortland Van Rensselaer, 
chaplains. 

Drs. Jonathan Eights and John W. Bay, physicians. 

Richard Varick De Witt, Egbert Egberts, Conrad A. 
Ten Eyck, William Lush, G. V. S. Bleecker, Peter 
Lansing, Jr., Herman Wendell, William Smith, George 
M. Bleecker, Rensselaer Van Rensselaer, managers. 



234 Notes Jrom the Newspapers. 1834. 

Nov. 19. Mrs. Sarah Douglass died, aged 74. 

Nor. 22. John Lightbody died, aged 88. 

Mrs. Bridget Courtney died, aged 75. 
Israel Tuffs died, aged 61. 

Nov. 23. Rev. Joseph H. Price was instituted rector 
of St. Paul's church. 

Nov. 24. The following bill of fare was proposed to 
the common council by alderman Wasson for the Alms- 
house: Breakfast, bohea tea sweetened with molasses 
and bread thinly spread with butter before put on the 
table. Dinner, beef soup and bread every day except 
Tuesday and Friday, on which days codfish and potatoes 
with bread. Supper, mush sweetened with molasses, of 
which two spoonsfull allowed each person. 

Sarah, wife of Azor Taber, died. 

Nov. 25. Walter Easton died, aged 65. 

The magnates at the Albany Theatre at this time were 
J. Sheridan Knowles, and Miss Watson, the pupil of 
Paganini. 

Dec. 3. Simeon De Witt, surveyor of the state, died 
at Ithaca, aged 79. 

While a student in Queens college he joined a volun- 
teer company formed of students, which was broken up 
by the capture of New Brunswick by the British army; 
he then removed into this state, and was present and 
serving as a volunteer from Ulster county, in the line of 
the Continental army at the capture of Gen. Burgoyne 
on the 17th October, 1777, and was shortly after ap- 
pointed assistant geographer to the army. The next 
year, on the resignation of Col. Erskine he was appointed 
geographer-general, which office he held until the close 
of the war, and was always distinguished for zeal and 
efficiency. After the peace of 1783 he was appointed 
surveyor-general of the state, and held the office until 
the day of his death, having served his country in war 
and in peace for upwards of half a century; and by the 
courtesy and kindness of his manner, and the strict in- 
tegrity of his conduct, acquired in an eminent degree the 
respect and confidence of his fellow citizens. 



1834. Notes from the Newspapers. 235 

Dec. 4. Elisha Kane died at Philadelphia, aged 64. 

Dec. 6. William Carpenter died. 

Dec. 7. The new church erected in Hallenbake street 
by the Methodist Protestant Society, afterwards known 
as the House of Prayer, was dedicated. It was situated 
between Beaver and Hudson streets, and the first preacher 
was Rev. C. W. Denison, a baptist. It was claimed that 
this "forcibly illustrated the liberal character of the 
congregation." 

Cornelius Thayer died. 

Dec. 8. At a meeting of the Fire Department, Elias 
A. Brown was elected president, Dennison Worthington 
vice president, John Cuyler secretary, Elisha N. Pratt 
treasurer. 

Dec. 13. Jacob I. Evertsen died, aged 31. 

Dec. 14. A fire broke out in Van Schaick street which 
destroyed Josiah Wynant's soap and candle factory and 
several other buildings. 

The Half Way House of Peleg Noyes on the Water- 
vliet turnpike having been burned, by which he was 
reduced to poverty, the citizens held a meeting to raise 
money for his benefit, and the Theatre set apart an even- 
ing's performances for the same purpose. 

Dec. 15. Thermometer 7 deg. below zero. 
Charles Dillingham died, aged 35. 
Edwin M. Bosworth died, aged 27. 
Henry Truax died, aged 74. 

Dec. 16. Leonard Gansevoort died, aged 81. He 
was for thirty years a member of the common council, 
and many years a judge of the court of common pleas. 
At the time of his death he was the oldest attorney and 
counselor on the roll of the Supreme court. 

Dec. 17. Peter Bain, of the firm of Gregory & Bain, 
died at Galway. 

Dec. 22. Henry A. Wilson died, aged 22. 

A secession took place in the Reformed Presbyterian 
church, effected by the pastor, Rev. J. S. R. Willson, 
who left the city and resumed his former charge in Or- 
ange county. 



236 Notes from the Newspapers. 1834, 

The following is a list of the clergymen of the city at 
this time, as their names appear with an engagement to 
deliver a lecture each on temperance. 

Wm. B. Sprague, 2d Presbyterian church. 

Horatio Potter, St. Peter's. 

J. N. Campbell, 1st Presbyterian. 

B. T. Welch, Pearl Street Baptist. 
H. Meeker, Wesleyan Methodist. 
Charles Smyth, Catholic. 

Isaac Ferris, South Dutch. 

Wm. James, 3d Presbyterian. 

J. H. Price, St. Paul's. 

F. G. Mayer, Lutheran. 

S. Stebbins, North Pearl Street Methodist. 

E. N. Kirk, Fourth Presbyterian. 

J. D. Williamson, Universalist. 

C. Sherman, Division Street Methodist. 
George Ide, Green Street Baptist. 
James Martin, Reformed Presbyterian. 
S. Center. 

North Dutch, no pastor. 

The Third Dutch church had just been organized. 
Rev. Edwin Holmes preached his first sermon, Jan. 25, 
1835, in a church in Westerlo street belonging to the 
Ref. Presbyterians ; the first service was held there Dec. 
7, 1834, by Rev. Dr. Ferris. 

Dec. 23. A fire took place in Apothecaries Hall 
which damaged goods to the amount of $300; supposed 
to have been the work of an incendiary. 

Dec. 26. Hezekiah Scovel,long a resident of Albany, 
died at Warren, Herkimer county. 

Dec. 29. Mrs. Belinda Bus well died, aged 45. 
The following were elected managers of the city as- 
semblies for the ensuing year. The city assemblies 
were dancing parties. 

John Keyes Paige. James Stevenson. 

John A. Dix. James Dexter. 

Benj. Tibbits. George Brinkerhoof. 

Augustus James. John Van Buren. 



1834. Notes from the Newspapers. 237 

Dec. 30. Snow fell to the depth of 18 inches. 

An election was held in the first ward to fill the 
vacancy in the board of aldermen occasioned by the 
resignation of Angus McDuffie, elected sheriff. The 
whole number of votes cast was 622, of which Gerrit 
Hogan received 357, and Aaron V. Fryer 246. 

At a meeting of the board on the same evening Mr. 
Hogan was sworn in. An old controversy was renewed 
between Recorder McKown and Alderman Wasson on 
the subject of impounding swine, which is reported in 
the Evening Journal. Erastus Corning was unanimously 
reelected mayor, and Rufas H. Peckham was unani- 
mously elected clerk. 

1835. 

Jan. 1. Elizabeth, wife of Richard Van Rensselaer, 
died, aged 35. 

Jan. 13. John Fitzsimmons died, aged 26. 

Jan. 15. D wight Storrs, late of Albany, died at An- 
cram, aged 30. 

Jan. 31. The ice in the river gave way and moved 
off in a body, leaving the channel unobstructed. 

The mean temperature of the month was 22 deg. The 
mean temperature of the month of January in the pre- 
vious year was 23 deg. 

At a meeting of the board of common council, the 
superintendent of the Almshouse reported 435 paupers in 
the institution; there had been 47 deaths and 7 births 
in 5 months. The chief engineer of the fire department 
reported 4 fires and 7 alarms in 6 months; losses $4,000. 

Feb. 2. At a meeting of the common council, the 
superintendent of the Almshouse reported the inmates 
as follows: of citizens 45 men, 39 women, 61 children; 
transient persons, 91 men, 95 women, 104 children; 
total 375. 

Feb. 4. A meeting was held at the Eagle Tavern to 
consider the project of a bridge across the river at this 

[Annals, x.] 21 



238 Notes from the Newspapers. 1835. 

city. A committee of thirty was appointed to draw up 
a petition. 

Feb. 8. Rev. E. N. Kirk preached a sermon in the 
evening for the benefit of the Apprentices' Library, and 
a collection was taken up amounting to $57-64. The 
institution had now been in existence fourteen years, 
had on its shelves 2,200 books, 900 of which were drawn 
out every month. 

Feb. 9. A meeting was held at the Capitol for the 
purpose of making an application to the legislature for the 
removal of the nuisance occasioned by the canal basin. 

Feb. 10 4 John C. Donnelyxiied, aged 43. His fune- 
ral was attended by the members of the fire department. 

Alvah M. Lockwood died, aged 24. 

Feb. 12. Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Strong, died, 
aged 44. 

Feb. 14. Theophilus Carter died. 

Feb. 17. Peter Lansing, Jr. died, aged 46. His fune- 
ral was attended by the St. Nicholas society, of which 
he was one of the founders. 

Feb. 20. A fire broke out in the attic of Washington 
Hall, in South Pearl street, adjoining the Theatre, which 
was subdued after considerable damage had been done. 

Feb. 22. John D. P. Douw died. 

The paternal ancestor of Mr. Douw was a native of 
Holland, and was one of that chosen band of patriots 
who with many others of our respected progenitors, esti- 
mating the value of civil and religious liberty superior 
to all other blessings, in the early period of our colonial 
history left their homes and native land, and relinquish- 
ing the superior comforts of civilized life, sought for quiet 
and repose in the wilds of America. He settled on the 
eastern bank of the Hudson, in the present town of 
Greenbush. and it is worthy of remark, when we consider 
the vicissitudes of human life, and the uncertain changes 
of human destiny, that the original paternal estate has 
been retained in the family, descending from father to 
son, through the line of successive generations, for the 
period of one hundred and forty years. The father of 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 239 

Mr. Douw was a native and resident of this city, at the 
commencement of the American revolution, of strong 
mind, great energy of character, and a whig of unshaken 
perseverance. He early took an active and decided part 
with his countrymen against the usurpations of the Brit- 
ish ministry, and the various important offices to which 
he was elected and appointed, are full of evidences of the 
estimation in which his services were held by his coun- 
trymen. After the close of the war, when through the 
blessings of Providence our cause had triumphed, and 
our country under the cae of Washington, was moving 
onward in the course of national prosperity, he retired 
from public life, and died at an advanced age, leaving 
to his children the most invaluable of all inheritances, 
the inheritance of an honest name. 

Mr. Douw was just entering into active life at the 
commencement of the revolution, and served as an officer 
in the commissary department of the American army in 
the campaign of 1777, which terminated in the surrender 
of Burgoyne. On the return of peace he embarked in 
mercantile business in this city, and for a period of more 
than forty years was known as one of the most prom- 
inent, active and enterprising men in the line of his 
profession : and after acquiring a sufficient competency, 
retired from the pursuits of active life. Few men have 
passed through life more respected, and few will die 
more regretted. His manners, conversation and deport- 
ment, were those of a gentleman of the old school. In- 
structed in early life in the principles of the Christian 
faith, his soul was exalted by its exercise, and its hopes, 
exhibiting in the unvaried tenor of a long life how a 
Christian should live, and in its last solemn hour, how a 
Christian can die. 

Feb. 23. Peter Douw Beekman died, aged 73. 

Feb. 24. Mrs. Mary Arrol died, aged 44. 

Feb. 26. Sarah, wife of Joseph Wilson, died, aged 62. 

March. There was a project before the common 
council for macadamizing North Pearl street. There 



240 Notes from the Newspapers. 1835. 

was also a good deal of excitement about the grade of 
the great area below Ferry street, between Pearl street 
and the river, which was an unbroken waste. 

March 10. John P. Jermain died, aged 23. 

March 15. Hallenbake Stafford died, aged 42. 

March 20. Eliza Bayard, wife of Wm. P. Van Rens- 
selaer, died at Matanzas. 

March 21. At a meeting of the master bakers at the 
Rising Sun tavern, Wm. G. Pruyn president, Stephen 
Paddock secretary, it was resolved to sell bread to re- 
tailers at $9 per hundred loaves, and to families at 9 
pence per loaf. 

March 22. Joseph L. Townsend, of the late firm of 
Wm. Rice & Co., died at Charleston, S. C. 

March 23. The committee entrusted with funds for 
the relief of sufferers by the cholera, reported that the 
amount received and disbursed during the years 1832 to 
1835 was $3,507-30. 

Rebecca, wife of Rev. James Martin, died, aged 30. 

Joseph P. Holmes died. 

March 24. Mary, widow of Philip Conine, died at 
Coxsackie, sister of the late Gen. Van Schaick of Albany. 

John T, Norton resigned the presidency of the Canal 
Bank on removing from the city, and Joseph Russell was 
elected in his stead. 

March 25. A fire destroyed several buildings in Plane 
street. 

The steam boat John Jay succeeded in reaching the 
city, being the first arrival on the opening of the river. 

March 26. Eleanor, wife of Isaac Denniston, died, 
aged 72. 

Louisa, wife of Jacob Hochstrasser, died, aged 29. 

Margaret Fraser died, aged 26. 

Nathaniel Rossiter died, aged 73. 

March 28. Wm. S. Cobb died, aged 25. 

March 29. The several Methodist Episcopal churches 
having procured the building in State street continued, 
known as the Primitive Methodist church, opened the 
same for public worship. 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 241 

April 1. Mary, widow of the late James Scott of this 
city, died in New York, aged 80. 

April 2. A fire destroyed a stable in Church street 
and two horses were burnt. 

April 4. The following were elected trustees of the 
Albany Library: Jacob H. Ten Eyck, Volkert P. Douw, 
M. H. Webster, S. De Witt Bloodgood, P. S. Van Rens- 
selaer and J. B. Van Schaick. 

April 4. Mrs. Ann Henry die4, aged 75. 

April 6. Charles Augustus Little died at sea, aged 25. 

April 7. Wm. G. Wasson died, aged 30. 

April 8. Susan B., wife of James Edwards, died at 
Ballston, aged 28. 

April 10. Polly, wife of Joseph Gates, died, aged 46. 

April 13. Mrs. Jane Vredenburgh died, aged 69. 

April 15. A fire destroyed a stable in Dallius street 
corner of Bass, in which four horses and a cow were 
consumed. 

April 19. Wrn. Thompson, Jr. died, aged 28. 

April 20. Charles Goodrich died, aged 62. 

April 24. A fire broke out in a stable in the rear of 
the Rising Sun tavern, corner of South Pearl and Beaver 
streets, which destroyed all the buildings between Bea- 
ver street and the Theatre, owned by Isaac Denniston. 
The Theatre building was saved, but the scenery and 
properties were either burnt or destroyed. 

April 24. William Boardman died, aged 64. 

Mrs. Mary Dunlavy died, aged 84. 

April 26. Eliza, wife of Peter E. Elmendorf, died of 
apoplexy, aged 58. 

Jane, wife of Alexander McElroy of Trenton, Oneida 
county, died at the house of her son Thomas McElroy 
of this city, aged 75. 

The Daily Advertiser announced that capitalists were 
turning their attention to investments in this city; that 
James Stevenson made sale of his property on the corner 
of State and South Pearl streets for $42,000; and that 
E. C. Delavan had sold his estate for $243,000. It is 



242 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



1835. 



DEMOCRAT. 



Ward. 



492 
468 



Levi Cornell, 392 

George Monteith, 368 



480 Garret Hogan, 387 

464 B. S. Van Rensselaer, . . 384 

460 Barent P. Staats, 379 

473 Ebenezer Wright, 380 

Ward. 

335 William Seymour,.... 336 



320 

333 



mentioned in the same paper that a person crossing 
State street bridge counted 96 persons on foot and 18 
teams passing over at the same time. 

The Kane property on Pearl street below Lydius, was 
at this time valued at $100,000. 

May 3. Mrs. Achsa Fanning died, aged 63. 

May 5. The ward and charter election took place, 
and resulted in a majorty of whig members being 
elected. 

WHIG. 

First 
Aldermen, G. V. S. Bleecker, . 

JohnS. Walsh,.... 
Assistants, Chas. S. Olmstead, 

Michael Artcher, .. 
Supervisor, Stephen Paddock,. 

Assessor, Green Hal 1 , 

Second 
Aldermen, I. L. Judson, 

Richard D. Betts,.. .. 
Assistants, William Davis, 

Jotham Hancock, .... 

Supervisor, Amos Adams, 

Assessor, John Boardman, 

Third 
Aldermen, Israel Williams, 

Arnold Nelson, 

Assistants, John W. Bay, 

S. D. W. Bloodgood,. 

Supervisor, Egbert Egberts, 

Assessor, Elisha Russell, 

Fourth 
Aldermen, James Robinson,.... 

Erastus Chapin, 

Assistants, H. A. Williams,.... 

Seth Jarvis, 

Supervisor, Daniel Wilcox, 

Assessor, Philip Hooker, 

Fiflh 
Aldermen, John Van Ness, Jr. . . 

John L. Winne, 

Assistants, Frederick Porter, 

Parker Sargent, 

Supervisor, Robert Shepherd, .... 
Assessor, Benjamin Wilson,. . . . 



323 
326 



James D. Wasson, 335 

Hiram Perry, 340 

327 Jacob Downing, 309 

John I. Burton, 341 

Daniel S. Kittle, 337 

Ward. 

309 G. W. Ryckman, 202 

310 J. S. Schoonmaker, 196 

P. H. Ostrander, 193 

G. Brinckerhoff, 211 

E. R. Satterlee, 198 

N. N. Quackenbush,... 196 



307 
297 
312 
313 
Ward. 



359 
339 
356 
353 
360 
351 



Lemuel Steele, 469 

James Maher, 452 

James G. Mather, 460 

Eben Mnrdock, 456 

S. S. Fowler, 455 

Lewis Farnham, 470 

Ward. 

288 J. N. Quackenbush,.... 281 

228 James Gibbons, 270 

263 William Gillespie, 290 

238 S. V. R. Ableman,.... 296 

514 (No opposition). 

258 Josiah Patterson, 29 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 243 

May 6. In the house of assembly the bill chartering 
the Troy and Schenectady rail road was passed; the bill 
for the Greenbush and West Stockbridge rail road was 
lost, 75 to 19. 

May 7. John McDole died, aged 38. 

May 8. John Stone died, aged 42. 
Amos Gay died, aged 56. 

May 10. James P. Van Benthuysen died, aged 62. 

May 11. The legislature adjourned, having passed 
311 laws, among which were the following relating to 
the city : 

An act to incorporate the Young Men's Association 
for mutual improvement. 

An act to amend the charter of the Second Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church, giving it a right to invest a 
portion of the control of its affairs in pew holders, not 
members of the consistory. 

An act known as the Albany Ward Bill. 

An act allowing the Albany and Schenectady turn- 
pike company to improve their road by laying down 
blocks of stone to form a track for the passage of vehicles. 

An act authorizing the removal of the bulkhead in the 
Albany basin. 

An act incorporating the Orphan Asylum. 

May 12. Isaac Jenkins, engineer of the steam boat 
Ohio, died in New York, aged 59. He assisted in build- 
ing the engine of the North River, the first steam boat 
engine made. 

May 15. Peter Edmund Elmendorf died, aged 70. 

May 16. Hannah R. Morgan died, aged 27. 

May 25. The steam boat Robert L. Stephens, thought 
at the time to be the perfection of a steam boat model, 
began to ply on the river. 

The infant schools were suspended, and the managers 
of the society gave notice that if sufficient funds were not 
provided within one month, they would be permanently 
discontinued. 

Edward Artcher contracted to furnish the city with 
oil at 80 cts. a gallon. 



244 Notes from the Newspapers. 1835. 

May 27. The Graham Garden on Arbor Hill was 
sold by Davis & Gill, in lots, for $9,975, by auction. 

May 31. Wm. Snell died, aged 34. 

June 1. The Siamese twins, Chang and Eng, made 
their first appearance in Albany at the Museum. They 
were at this time 18 years of age. 

June 2. Mademoiselle Celeste made her appearance 
at the Theatre. 

June 8. At a meeting of the common council, the 
inspectors of the special election held for the choice of 
an alderman in the Second ward (Aldermen Wasson 
and Judson haying received 335 votes each), reported 
that there were 725 votes given, of which James D. 
Wasson had 370 and Ichabod L. Judson, 355. 

The attorney made a report of the litigation had with 
the Water works company for the several dividends due 
to the board, which the company withheld; a verdict had 
been rendered in favor of the board. 

Also in relation to the square to be opened between 
Pine and Steuben streets, he reported that the Water 
works company owned a lot in the contemplated square, 
which they held the board had no power to take from 
them. The estimated cost of this improvement was 
$18,000. The wooden buildings on the premises were 
ordered to be removed within thirty days. 

Tne plot of ground, corner of Hudson and Liberty 
streets, was ordered to be enclosed, and $250 appropriated 
for the improvement. 

The sum of $250 was appropriated to the celebration 
of the fourth of July. 

It was also decided to ring the Middle Dutch Church 
bell at 8 o'clock in the morning. 

June 11. William N. Capron died, aged 47. 

June 13. A fire broke out in the Clinton furnace, 
belonging to T. Towers, corner of Beaver and Hallen- 
bake streets, which was burnt down, as well as the bell 
foundery of Lewis Aspinwall, and several other buildings. 

June 18. Mrs. Mary Cameron died, aged 53. 

June 22. The name of Store lane was changed to 
Norton street. 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 245 

June 25. William Groesbeeck died, aged 53. 

July 2. "William Morgan of Albany died at Buffalo, 
aged 58. 

July 6. Lloyd Howard died, aged 40. 

July 16. Samuel Townsend died, of the firm of Town- 
send & Shields. 

July 17. Mrs. Catharine Fitzsimmons died, aged 67. 

July 20. Daniel Quidley died, aged 40. 

July 22. Patrick Cassidy died, aged 48. 

July 25. The Zodiac, a literary periodical, was pub- 
lished by Erastus Perry. Jts principal contributors were 
S. D. W. Bloodgood, James Eights, H. V. Du Coudray 
Holstein, &c. 

July 29. Andrew A. De Witt, formerly of Ulster 
county, died, aged 74. 

July 30. Solomon W. Southwick died, aged 32. 

Aug. 3. The common council appointed a committee 
to inquire into the expediency and expense of translating 
the city records from the Dutch. 

Aug. 8. Abigail, wife of Calvert Chad wick, died, 
aged 34. 

Aug. 13. William Weston died, aged 72. 
Mathew Kugler died, aged 78. 

Aug. 14. Jacob J. Miller died, aged 53. 

Aug. 21. Jeremiah Waterman died, aged 45. 

Aug. 24. Almira, wife of Thomas P. Crook, died, 
aged 18. 

Aug. 4. A meeting of ministers and laymen was 
held in the Pearl street Baptist church for the purpose 
of organizing a City Tract Society. The Rev. Dr. Welch 
was called to the chairj the Rev. Mr. Kirk chosen secre- 
tary, and the Rev. Mr. Campbell opened the meeting 
with prayer. A constitution was adopted, and the follow- 
ing officers elected: 

Stephen Van Rensselaer, president. 

Friend Humphrey, Israel Smith and John Woodworth, 
vice presidents. 

E. H. Pease, secretary. 

Ezekiel C. Mclntosh, treasurer. 



246 Notes from the Newspapers. 1835. 

Rev. Mr. Vermilye, Teunis Van Vechten, Rev. Isaac 
Ferris, Wm. McElroy, Rev. Mr. Holmes, E. S. Herrick, 
Rev. Dr. Welch, Ira Harris, Rev. G. B. Ide, J. G. Was- 
son, Rev. Dr. Sprague, James Brown, Rev. Mr. Camp- 
bell, Israel Williams, Isaac Hand, Rev. Mr. Kirk, 
Lambert Norton, managers. 

Aug. 26. Mrs. Mary Cummings died, aged 63. 

Sept. 4. Guy Arms died, aged 47. He came to this 
city from Greenfield, Mass. 

Sept. 8. The annual sabbath school celebration took 
place, when between three and four thousand children 
gathered in the Capitol park. The schools from that 
part of the city south of State street, marched in proces- 
sion under Philip Phelps, through several of the streets 
to the First Presbyterian church, where an address was 
delivered by the Rev, Dr. Ferris. Those on the north 
of State street were under the direction of Thomas Mc- 
Elroy, and were addressed by the Rev. Mr. Vermilye in 
the North Methodist church. 

Sept. 10. Michael Leyne died, aged 45. 

Sept. 16. Eliza, wife of George C. Watson, died, 
aged 38. 

Sept. 19. Ann Eliza, wife of Simeon M. Tenant, 
died, aged 25. 

Sept. 20. Daniel Shields, a soldier of the revolution, 
died, aged 70. 

Sept. 22. Barent Van Loon died, aged 42. 

Sept. 23. The North America, Capt. Lathrop, arrived 
from New York in 10 hours, 7 minutes, and made the 
usual mail and passenger landings. 

The steam boat North America made the passage up 
from New York in 8 h. 41 m., running time. 

The Robert L. Stephens made the passage in 10 hours 
also, including twelve landings. 

The number of landings made by the North America 
was 15, which occupied 1 h. 16 m.jtime of running, 
8 h. 44 m. 

Sept. 26. The Rev. Nicholas Lansing died at Tappan, 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 247 

aged 87. He was a native of Albany, and studied under 
the Rev. Dr. Westerlo. 

Sept. 28. The common council appropriated half the 
expense of enclosing a plot of ground on Lydius street, 
between Eagle and Philip, provided the amount did not 
exceed $1,000, and the remainder was raised by subscrip- 
tion. 

The chamberlain was directed to pay on the warrant 
of the mayor, $10,000 for the improvement of the naviga- 
tion of the river below the city. 

Peter V. Shankland was, unanimously reelected cham- 
berlain for the ensuing year. 

Sept. 30. Benjamin Gilbert died, aged 42. 
October. There had been for some time an unusual 
mortality at the Almshouse. Dr. John W. Hinkley, the 
physician, stated that in 1832, Peter P. Staats physician, 
the number of admissions was 583; deaths 100. In 1833 
the number of admissions was 605; deaths 136, Samuel 
Shaw physician. In 1834, John W. Hinkley physician, 
number of admissions 677 ; deaths 90. In 1835, to Octo- 
ber 1, admissions 391, deaths 66. 

Oct. 12. The first penny paper was published in this 
city by C. F. Powell & Co., called The Albany Transcript. 
Oct. 13. The president and directors of the Commer- 
cial Bank stated that the defalcations of Henry Bartow, 
the absconded cashier, were less than $130,000; that an 
unimpaired capital of $249,263, including earnings, re- 
mained, and assured the public that loss could fall only 
upon the stockholders, as by the charter of the bank, 
they were liable to the public in the sum of $600,000. 
Oct. 17. Mary Welden died, aged 45. 
Chester Judd died, aged 45. 

Oct. 19. William McDougall, formerly of Albany, 
died in New York, aged 44. 

Oct. 21. The steam boat, Champlain, Capt. Gorham, 
arrived from New York at 4 h. 21 m. p. m. having made 
the passage in 8 h. 45J m., running time. On the 23d 
the Champlain made the trip in 9 h. 31 m. including 16 
landings. 



248 Notes from the Newspapers. 18 

Oct. 23. James Walsh died. 

William M. Soulden died, aged 20. 
Oct. 26. Judge Sutherland resigned his office as judge 
of the Supreme court, for that of clerk of the same court, 
which was better paid. 

Oct. 27. Arrived at the Museum the famous Joice 
Heth, said to have been the nurse of Gen. Washington, 
and at tnis time 161 years of age. 

The county clerk reported the population of the city, 
according to the returns of the canvassers, as follows : 
Males, 13,712 
Females, 14,373 

28,085 

Number of voters, 4,489. Population in 1830, 24,209. 
Gain in five years, 3,386. Population of the county, 
59,762. 

Oct. 29. A house owned by Charles Chapman, at the 
rail road junction, nearly two miles west of the Capitol, 
was burnt, together with a barn, in which 500 bushels 
of onions were roasted. 

The copartnership of Lewis C. Beck and Mathew 
Henry Webster, in the business of enameling hollow 
ware, was dissolved. 

Nov. 2. James Martin died, aged 75. 

Nov. 4. The election for members of assembly was 
as follows: 

DEMOCRATIC. WHIG. 

First Ward, Wm. Seymour, 379 Friend Humphrey, 465 
Second Ward, do 318 do 287 

Third Ward, do 227 do 352 

Fourth Ward, do 444 do 371 

Fifth Ward, do 241 do 252 

1609 1727 

The majorities from the county elected Mr. Seymour* 
whose vote was 3,888 against 3 ,620 for Mr. Humphrey. 
Mr. Seymour, who had been twelve years in the board of 
common council, was now transferred to the legislature. 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 249 

Nov. 9. At a meeting of the common council a com- 
mittee was appointed to inquire into the expediency of 
ordering a new census. There was universal dissatisfac- 
tion with the returns of the canvassers. 

The superintendent of the Almshouse reported the 
expenses of the last quarter, $2,595'25; receipts for 
labor, &c., $425; number of inmates, 250. 

Nov. 11. The Chinese girl, Afong Moy, attracted the 
attention of the curious at the Museum, by the exhibition 
of her foot, and the mode of bandaging and crushing by 
which small feet are produced in China. 

Nov. 12. Maria, wife of Dr. Charles D. Townsend, 
died, aged 48. 

Nov. 13. The hat factory of Edward S. Willett, 
corner of Green and Bassett streets, was burnt. He 
was the first to commence the manufacture of silk hats 
in this city. To show that Mr, Willett was not alone a 
man of fur merely, but also a poet, his advertisement is 
introduced. As a man of law he can speak for himself. 
If e'er a man in earnest sought 
To make a hat as workmen ought, 
Substantial, and with beauty fraught, 

'Tis Willett. 

And well may he take pains to please, 
When hosts of Fashion's devotees 
Are daily swarming in like bees, 

At Willett's. 

Hundreds and hundreds who've surveyed 
The hats in other stores displayed, 
Have left them all and come to trade 

At Willett's. 

Ask the genteel where'er you go, 
Who made that elegant chapeau? 
And ten to one he'll say, I trow, 

'Twas Willett. 

Who showed those hats, so rich and rare, 
That took the prize twice at the fair, 
Causing the craft to wince and stare? 

'Twas Willett. 

The Eagle with the hat that won 
The prize that dimm'd a certain St*n, 
Displays a taste that's touch'd by none 
But Willett. 

[Annals, x.] 22 



250 Notes from the Newspapers. 1835. 

Nov. 15. First fall of snow. 

Nov. 19. Asahel Clark, of the firm of Rawdon, 
Clark & Co., engravers, died suddenly near Columbus, 
Ohio, while apparently in good health, and riding on a 
stage coach. 

Nov. 23. The finance committee proposed to raise 
$38,000 by tax for the city expenses for the ensuing 
year, which were estimated as follows: 

For the lamps, $6,000 

watch, 7,000 

city debt, 5,000 

contingent fund, 20,000 

On motion of Alderman Seymour the salaries of the 
night watch were increased to $1 a night. 

Nov. 29. The river closed, leaving a great number 
of vessels laden with produce for New York, winter 
bound. An unusual number of boats were frozen in 
along the whole extent of the canal. 

Nov. 30. Margaretta, widow of John Hooghkirk, died, 
aged 82. 

The whole number of boats that arrived at and depart- 
ed from Albany by canal, was 10,960; amount of tolls 
collected, $357,565*26. 

Dec. 6. John De Witt died, aged 31. 

Dec. 7. Captain Stephen Stilwell, of the ship Rosalie, 
died off Cape Horn, aged 35; son of the late William 
Stilwell of this city. 

Dec. 11. Cornelia, wife of Samuel H. Stewart, died, 
aged 24. 

Dec. 13. Lucy, wife of Sylvester Wilcox, died, aged 55. 

Dec. 14. Lucy Jacobs died, aged 67. 

Sleighs loaded with merchandise left this city for Buf- 
falo; a thing of rare occurrence since the completion of 
the canal. 

Dec. 16 Cold day; thermometer 12 deg. below zero. 

Dec. 17. John Van Zandt died, aged 32. 

Dec. 18. A fire broke out in the hat store of Winne 
& Nelson, and destroyed the building corner of South 
Market and Hamilton streets, known as the Connecticut 



1835. Notes from the Newspapers. 251 

Coffee House, owned by Smith Weed. The stores of A. 
G. Hindman, Levi Phillips and E. S. Willett, were also 
burnt. 

At the same time a sloop was burnt in the basin. 

Dec. 21. At a meeting of the common council Erastus 
Corning was reelected mayor by 10 votes; Francis Blood- 
good received 8. 

Dec. 22. A meeting of citizens was held at the Capi- 
tol to take into consideration the recent calamitous fire 
in New York. Erastus Corning was appointed chairman. 
Among other things it was resolved to send an expression 
of sympathy to the sufferers, and to assure them of the 
cordiality with which Albany would contribute her ef- 
forts toward the accomplishment of measures of relief, 
and the adoption of such other steps as the occasion 
might demand. 

The mean temperature in 1834 was 49 deg. 

1835 " 46 deg. 

1836. 

Jan. 1. The common council assembled at the City 
Hall and the oath of office was administered to Hon. 
Erastus Corning by the recorder, James McKown. Mr. 
Corning made an address on the occasion, alluding to the 
transactions of the board during the past year; the con- 
solidation of the elections by which the members of the 
board were now chosen with the town officers annually 
in the spring; the equalization of the wards: the reduc- 
tion of the rates of ferriage at the Greenbush ferry from 
33 to 50 per cent; the improvements in the basin; the 
improvements being made by the government in the 
river; the improvement in the city finances, by which 
the city debt had been reduced $65,000 in two years, and 
of nearly $269,000 due in 1817, but $95,000 remained to 
be liquidated. He called attention to the importance of 
supplying the city with pure water; of establishing 
grades between Eagle and Lark streets; to the near com- 
pletion of the Utica and Schenectady rail road as a 



252 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

source of increased business to the city, and the prospect 
of an uninterrupted rail road track to Buffalo; and to 
the great importance of a rail road to connect with the 
Boston road at Stockbridge. 

Jan. 8. A fire destroyed Parson's carpenter shop in 
Montgomery street. 

Jan. 9. Lucy, wife of Aaron Brown, died, aged 59. 

Jan. 15. Ann, wife of Adam Kittle, died, aged 20. 

Jan. 18. Daniel Wilcox died, aged 41. 

Jan. 20. Nancy Eliza, wife of Stephen Wilson, died, 
aged 41. 

Jan. 21. Barney E. Evertsen died, aged 37. 

Jan. 25. Francis G. Roberts died, aged 36. 

Jan. 26. John A. Van Allen died, aged 43. 

Peter Hilton died in Guilderland, aged 92. 
He was born in Albany in 1744, and resided here 84 
years. 

Jan. 27. George Artcher died, aged 43. 

Margaret Ann, wife of Jotham Hancock, 
died, aged 40. 

Jan. 28. A tallow chandlery was burnt in Orange 
street; loss about $1,400. It was owned by Patrick 
Murphy. 

Jan. 31. Philip Hooker died, aged 69. 

An organ was procured for St. Peter's church about 
this time, and the interior of the church much beautified 
and improved. 

Hon. Myndert Van Schaick, at this time state senator 
from New York, made a donation of $500 to the Third 
Dutch church of this city. Mr. Van Schaick was a son 
of Col. Gosen Van Schaick, and born in this city. 

A large number of sleighs were employed by the cor- 
poration in taking the snow out of the narrow streets, 
in which it lay from 4 to 6 feet in depth. 

Feb. 1. The clerk of the common council, R. W. 
Peckham, resigned the office, and Peter Carmichael was 
elected. 

The number of paupers in the Almshouse was 340, 
being 100 less than the year before. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers. 253 

Estimates and surveys were being made with a view 
to the construction of a bridge over the Hudson. Also 
for a canal from Schenectady direct to Albany. 

Feb. 2. Mrs. Lyntie Douw died, aged 66. 

Feb. 3. A convention met to nominate Gen. Harrison 
for the presidency. 

Feb. 4. Isaac D. Verplanck died at Coeymans, aged 
77. He was formerly one of the judges of the common 
pleas of Albany county. Although a youth at the com- 
mencement of the revolutionary war, he was on duty, 
and entitled to a pension, but declined applying for it, 
saying that the services he had rendered had been amply 
rewarded by the enjoyment of a free government for 
more than fifty years. Major Verplanck and six of his 
townsmen, built the Reformed Dutch church at Coej- 
mans at their own expense, of which he was a member, 
and elder until age induced him to resign his place. He 
was the last survivor of the original proprietors of Coey- 
man's patent. 

Feb. 8. Prudence, wife of Seth Crapo, died, aged 40. 
James Puddy died. 

Feb. 9. A fire broke out in the rear of Stark's New 
England Tavern, opposite the steam boat landing; which 
was extinguished with little damage. 

William Thomas died, aged 38; late of Philadelphia. 

Feb. 10. William Duffy, manager of the Albany The- 
atre, was fatally stabbed by one of his actors, John 
Hamilton, who was arrested and held to bail in $2,000. 

Feb. 11. A fire broke out in the dwelling of James 
Maher, which was consumed, with most of the furniture 
and a trunk containing ^350. 

A meeting of citizens was held at the City Hall, Eras- 
tus Corning in the chair, to consider the project of a 
bridge at Albany. They resolved that fehe ferries were 
inadequate to the wants of the public, and that the- com- 
mon council be requested to memorialize the legislature 
in favor of this great city measure. 

Feb. 16. The firm of Benedict & Roby was changed 
so as to admit Spencer S. Benedict. 



254 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

Feb. 18. The leather store of Jared Holt took fire, 
and communicating with the adjoining buildings, caused 
a great deal of damage. The thermometer was 18 deg. 
below zero, and it was with the utmost difficulty that 
the hose could be prevented from freezing. The loss 
was about $15,000. 

Feb. 19. Rev. William Linn Keese, formerly rector 
of St. Paul's church in this city, died at Cuba, whither 
he had gone for his health, aged 33. 

Feb. 22. Mrs. Catharine Darling died, aged 46, and 
was buried from the house of William Gould in State 
street. 

Feb. 23. Ezra Ames died, aged 68. 

Feb. 26. John Van Schoonhoven died, aged 42. 

Feb. 28. Sarah, daughter of Wm. Risk, died, aged 22. 

March 1. Caroline E., daughter of Amiel Barnard, 
died, aged 25. 

Hon. Alfred Conkling published an educational work, 
called The Young Citizen's Manual. 

March 2. Mrs. Maria Gaffers died, aged 79. 

March 3. John Brower, formerly of Albany, died in 
New York, aged 48. 

March 5. The firm of Wilder, Hastings & Co. was 
dissolved, consisting of Ephraim Wilder, Seth Hastings, 
Jason Paige and John P. Cassidy. 

John N. Wilder and William E. Bleecker formed a 
partnership in business as wholesale dry goods mer- 
chants at the old stand of Wilder & Hastings, corner of 
State and Green streets. 

March 6. Maria, widow of the late William Morgan, 
died. 

March 8. Joseph R. Van Zandt died, aged 64. 

March 11. The assembly committee reported against 
a bridge across the Hudson at this city. A writer in the 
Journal attributed the result principally to the joint 
efforts of the recorder, James McKown, and John N. 
Quackenbush, and stated further, that Mr. Quackenbush 
was the vehement opposer of the Erie canal, its termina- 
tion at Albany, the building of the pier, and other similar 
innovations. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers. 255 

March 1 1. Willard H. Walker died, aged 29. 
March 12. William Puffy, manager of the Albany 
Theatre, who had been stabbed by tfohn Hamilton, died 
of the wound, aged 33. Mr. Duffy was a native of Al- 
bany, and had been an early companion of Edwin Forrest, 
whose friendship he always retained and reciprocated. 
In the capacity of manager he displayed an activity and 
enterprise which gave a high character to the Albany 
Theatre. His perseverance under discouragements, suf- 
ficient to have overcome most men, and a judicious hus- 
bandry of the means which favorable seasons gave him, 
enabled him to manage successfully, and with profit to 
himself and the public, an establishment in which we 
believe every one of his predecessors had failed. As an 
actor he was entitled to a high rank, though his business 
engagements necessarily prevented the closet preparation 
which has been pronounced necessary to histrionic excel- 
lence. Many of his efforts, notwithstanding, evinced a 
vigorous and a polished genius, and in some characters 
in the highest walks of the drama, he was acknowledged 
to be unsurpassed. As a citizen he was public spirited 
and upright: as a man, high minded, social and benevo- 
lent. Although young, his professional reputation stood 
high in other cities, and he was for a number of years 
a manager jointly with William Forest, of a theatre in 
Philadelphia. Argus. 

The Albany Bethel Union society was formed, with 
the view of furnishing the means of moral and religious 
improvement to boatmen and sailors, in providing for 
them a house of worship, and the stated ministration of 
the gospel. The first officers were the following: 

Stephen Van Eensselaer, president. 

Erastus Corning, vice president. 

Nathaniel Davis, do 

W. S. Rossiter, secretary. 

William Adams, treasurer. 

Thaddeus Joy, Levi Chapman, Horace Meech, Thomas 
McElroy, C. A. Keeler, F. J. Barnard, Isaac P. Hand, E. 
S. Herrick, and William Stead, directors. 



256 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

March 13. The Green street Baptist church, which 
had been injured by the recent heavy snows, was re- 
paired, and open on fhis day for service. 

March 17. Hannah, wife of Col. Wm. Leavenworth, 
died, aged 79. 

The infant schools, which had been closed in May last 
for want of funds, were opened again in August, and at 
this time had nearly 400 inmates. . The expenses were 
a little short of $1,000, towards which there was a per- 
manent fund of $200. A call was made upon the benevo- 
lent in their behalf. 

March 19. There were four fires on this day; Thomas's 
American Hotel in State street, damage slight; Many's 
furnace in Beaver street; Stephen Rider's carpenter shop 
in Dean street; and the house, corner of Lodge street 
and Maiden lane. 

March 24. Abraham Ehle died in New York, of the 
late firm of Young & Ehle, at 58 State street. 

March 27. The stages still ran to Poughkeepsie on 
the ice. 

March 28. The common council closed the doors of 
the old Lancaster School. Since the introduction of the 
common school system, the number of scholars had 
greatly decreased, and it was found that they might be 
accommodated in cheaper quarters. In the course of 
debate it was stated that education at the Lancaster 
school was cheaper than at the district schools, and that 
upwards of 10,000 boys, many of whom had grown up 
to great respectability, had there been initiated in the 
rudiments of learning. The establishment of a medical 
college and of a normal school, was contemplated at this 
time, and the Lancaster school building was looked upon 
as a suitable edifice for one or the other of them. 

At the same meeting it was determined to open a space 
in the pier between the Columbia and State street bridges. 
Also to allow the Mohawk and Hudson rail road to con- 
tinue their track from Gansevoort street north to Ferry 
street. There was a strong opposition by the property 
holders in the south part of the city to have the rail road 
brought through their streets. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers. 257 

The Rev. Isaac Ferris, having resigned his pastoral 
relation over the Middle Dutch church, also resigned the 
trusteeship of the Female Academy. 

Mr. Bloodgood reported to the common council in 
favor of translating the Dutch records. 

April 1. Mrs. Anne Lewis died, aged 73. 

Homer Preston, formerly one of the firm of A. & H. 
Preston, of the Albany City Coffee House, died at Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., aged 43. 

April 6. Joel B. Nott, James Vanderpoel, Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, Jr., James Stephenson and John Town- 
send, president and directors of the Albany Tunnel com- 
pany, gave notice that books .would be opened on the 
10th May for subscriptions to the stock of the company. 

Susan, daughter of the late Robert Cameron, died in 
New York, aged 26. 

April 9. Zipporah, widow of Ezra Ames, died, aged 61. 

April 10. The Emerald steam boat arrived from New 
York, the first boat of the season. 

Hannah, wife of George Hepinstall, died. 

An application was made before the legislature for the 
incorporation of a medical college. 

April 13. Daniel Wood died, aged 71. 

April 17. Mrs. Ann Christie died, aged 67. 

Martha, widow of George Gill, died, aged 59. 

April 25. William Mascraft resigned the office of 
city superintendent. 

April 26. Malcom Jamieson died, aged 21. 

Hannah D., wife of Lyman T. Doty, died, 
aged 28. 

April 27. John Waddell died, aged 37. 

April 30. A fire broke out in the old City Hall, corner 
of South Market and Hudson streets, which so completely 
damaged it that it was soon after pulled down. 

May 3. James Harris died. 

May 5. Schuyler Van Rensselaer died at Marietta, 
Ohio. 

May 10. Amos F. Van Buskirk died, aged 28. 

The subscription books were opened for the tunnel. 



258 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

It was proposed to make an experiment of 100 feet, 
which would cost by estimate $30,000. Half the capital 
stock was taken in small sums, and the remainder by 
capitalists. 

The Albany Mutual Insurance company was formed, 
Dr. Barent B. Staats president. 

May 11. Benjamin V. Clench died, aged 74. 

May 17. Mrs. Mary Carter died, aged 56. 

Ammon Rasey, keeper of the Rising Sun 
tavern, in South Pearl street, died. 

May 19. A fire in North Market street destroyed 
three buildings adjoining the Mechanics and Farmers 
Bank, namely: the fur stores of Packer, Prentice & Co. 
and George C. Tread well, and the looking glass store of 
Mr. Belknap. 

In digging to make improvements in the north area of 
the Second Dutch church on Beaver street, a number 
of grave stones were thrown out, among which were the 
two following, the first being that of the second mayor of 
the city. (See Annals, vol. 1, p. 152.) 

Here lies the body of John Abeel who departed this life ye 28 day 
of Jan'y, 1711, and in the 44 year of his age. 
Dient begin van wel te leven 
Uyt den Hemel was gegeven 
Gingh der weer den Hemel waert 
Storf maer verliet de aert. 

Here lies the body of Jeremiah Field, deceased Oct. 16, 1762, aged 
32 years. 

May 20. James Lloyd died, aged 31. 
May 21. John Williamson died, aged 86. 
May 23. James McLaughlin died, aged 31. 

Bethiah, wife of Joshua Welden, died, aged 

79. 

May 26. The legislature adjourned, having been in 
session 143 days. 

Subscriptions were open for building the Albany Ex- 
change. 

May 29. Hugh McGrath died. 

Timothy Hays died, aged 50. 
June 2. Elizabeth, widow of Benjamin Gilbert,died. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers. 259 

June 1 1 . Eliza Ann, wife of J. F. Shaw, died, aged 36. 

June 13. A fire broke out in the old Pye tavern on 
the Watervliet turnpike, which nearly destroyed that 
famous edifice. 

June 14. Caroline M. Phelps died, aged 21. 

Sarah, wife of J. Mortimer, died, aged 26. 

Michael Cagger died in Liverpool, England, aged 27. 

June, 17. The Rev. Charles Smith having taken leave 
of St. Mary's church, a meeting of the congregation was 
called, over which Peter C. Doyle presided, at which 
complimentary resolutions were passed. 

Christiana, wife of J. Bogart, died, aged 62. 

June 18. A fire destroyed two houses in Swan street. 

June 20. Petitions were presented to the common 
council for widenir-g Exchange street ; for a temporary 
bridge at the foot of Hamilton street; for increased pay 
of the tell ringer of the Presbyterian church; of E. H. 
Pease and D. Campbell, teachers of the African school, 
complaining of being turned out of their room by the 
military companies occupying the Lancasterian school 
house. 

Resolutions were passed to remove buildings for the 
widening of Church street; appropriating $250 for the 
celebration of the 4th of July; offered by James Maher 
authorizing the police justice to employ four constables 
at $1*50 a day, to keep the peace on Sundays he attrib- 
uted all the disorders on the Sabbath to the retailing of 
liquors in the groceries; about the city's authorizing the 
enclosure of the Pottersfield; inquiring into the expediency 
of widening Maiden lane on the north side from Market 
street to the City Hall, and Middle alley on the west side 
from State street to Maiden lane; by the recorder, a law 
permitting S. Van Rensselaer, Jr. to make an experiment 
in paving North Market street north of his house. 

The financial condition of the city presented the follow- 
ing aspect: 
Bonds due the commissioners of the canal fund 

at 5 per cent, $75,000 

Bonds to St. Peter's church 5,000 



260 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

Temporary loans, 42,500 

Award Maiden lane, balance due Mary Ganse- 

voort and Thomas McElroy, 16,383 



$138,883 

Amount due to the city, $117,242-37 

Stocks held, 43, 120*59 

160,362-96 



Balance in favor of the city, $21 ,479-96 

June 21. Two two story buildings were burned in 
Malcom street. 

June 25. Elizabeth, wife of John W. Netterville, 
died, aged 39. 

June 27. Capt. Samuel Wiswall died in New York, 
aged 63, and was buried in Hudson. His name is asso- 
ciated with the memory of Fulton and Livingston in the 
'navigation of the Hudson river by steam. 

The Rev. Dr. Ferris of the Second Dutch church, ac- 
cepted a call to New York, and Prof, John A. Yates 
occupied the pulpit temporarily. 

July 3. Deborah B., wife of John A. Wilson, died. 

July 5. Maria Vandenbergh died, aged 101. 
^July 10. Stephen W. Johnson died at Detroit, Mich. 

July 14. Samuel Payn died, aged 65. 

July 18. Mary Ann, wife of Lawson Annesley, died, 
aged 29. 

The common council ordered Middle lane to be opened 
on the west side 14 feet. An effort was made to have 
Maiden lane widened by taking ground on the north side, 
from North Market, to North Pearl street, but it was 
rejected. 

July 20. Benjamin Allen, formerly principal of the 
Albany Academy, died at Hyde Park, aged 65. 

Jacob S. Pruyn, formerly of Albany, died at Lafayette, 
Onondaga county, aged 72. 

July 21. William A. Becker died, aged 56. 

July 27. Douw B. Slingerland died, aged 55. 

Aug. 5. Capt. Stuart Dean, a famous Albany navi 
gator, died in New York, aged 90. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers.* 261 

Aug. 18. Catharine, widow of John Randel, died, 
aged 75. 

Aug. 19. Hannah, wife of Rev. Elias Vanderlip, died, 
aged 66. 

Aug. 20. Mrs. Gertrude Tremper, daughter of the 
late Moses Cantine, died. 

The common council was petitioned to subscribe to 
the stock of the Albany and West Stockbridge rail road. 
Aldermen Gibbons and Maher thought that the board 
should deliberate with great circumspection upon this 
subject before they established a precedent. 

Harmanus H. Wendell *died. 

Aug. 22. Thomas Hall died, aged 83. 

Royette, wife of Patrick McQuade, died, 
aged 52. 

Aug. 23. Lawrence Connor died, aged 40. 

Aug. 25. The milkmen held a convention and re- 
solved to hold milk at 6 cents a quart after the 1st of 
September. 

Sept. 1. A banner was presented by the firemen and 
citizens of Albany, to the firemen of Greenbush for the 
alacrity with which they rallied to the fire in State 
street last winter. 

Cecilia, wife of William Mitchell, died, aged 47. 

Sept. 2. Asaph Sykes died, aged 35. 
James Wands died, aged 65. 
Mary, wife of Thomas Carroll, died, aged 32. 

Sept. 11. A fire destroyed several wooden buildings 
on the corner of South Pearl and Hudson streets, occu- 
pied as a grocery, carpenter's and blacksmith's shop. 

An attempt was made to run an omnibus through 
North and South Market streets, by Joseph Webster, but 
it did not meet with patronage; the people preferred to 
walk rather than ride for 6 cents. 

Sept. 15. Books were opened for subscriptions to the 
Hudson River rail road. 

Sept. 25. Edward H. Dunn died at Little Rock, Ar- 
kansas. 

[Annals, x.] 23 



262 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

Sept. 26. At a meeting of the common council P. V. 
Shankland was reelected chamberlain. Petitions from 
a large number of citizens, were presented asking the 
board to subscribe to the stock of the Albany and West 
Stockbridge rail road. The committee having the subject 
in consideration, reported that they had obtained the 
opinions of Harmanus Bleecker and James McKown, 
who concurred with them that the board had power to 
subscribe for and hold stock. But the subject was again 
laid upon the table, with a view of obtaining a more full 
expression of the public upon it. 

Sept. 28. Isaac S. Cuyler died, aged 35. 

Sept. 29. The new steam boat Rhode Island made her 
first appearance at the landing. 

John Van Ness Yates was nominated for member of 
assembly. 

Henry W. Delavan died at Ballston, aged 51. 

It was announced that the Rev. Isaac N. Wyckoff, of 
Catskill, had accepted the call from the Second Dutch 
church of Albany, to become its pastor. 

Oct. 3. A fire destroyed a wooden building in South 
Market street below the steam boat landing. 

Oct. 4. The steam boat Swallow, Capt. McLean, 
made her first appearance. 

William A. Gay died, aged 30. 

The common council, by a vote of 17 to 1, resolved to 
subscribe $250,000 to the Albany and West Stockbridge 
rail road. The only vote in the negative was that of 
Dr. Bay. 

At the annual election of the Albany Military associa- 
tion the following officers were chosen: 

Lt. Col. John B. Van Schaick, president. 

Brig. Gen. J. T. B. Van Vechten, vice president. 

Major Asa Fassett, do 

Lieut. Volkert Roth, secretary. 

Major William Spencer, judge advocate. 

Capt. W. I. Slingerland, treasurer. 

Lieut. Edward M. Teall, auditor. 

Major Edward Frisbee. adjutant. 

Aug. 16. Mrs. Lydia Ryckman died, aged 99. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers. 263 

Oct. 5. Miss Tempe Steele died, aged 76. 

Oct. 7. Samuel H. Drake, formerly lessee of the 
American Hotel, died at Louisville, Ky., where he was 
a colonel in the Texan army of reserve. 

Oct. 8. The steam boat Swallow, arrived from New 
York at 2 o'clock in the morning, having made the pass- 
age in 8 h. 42 m., the quickest trip on record. 

Oct. 12. A fall of snow sufficiently damp and heavy 
to break down the branches of fruit and ornamental trees. 

Oct. 13. Caroline, wife of Caleb N. Bement, died. 

Louisa, widow of John Van Schoonlroven, 
died. 

Oct. 19. Harriet, wife of George M. Sayles, died, 
aged 21. 

Oct. 28. Helen, wife of Samuel Pruyn, died, aged 33. 

Oct. 31. Charles Knower died, aged 21. 

Nov. 1. The corner stone of the Albany Exchange 
building was laid with appropriate ceremonies. At 12 
o'clock, noon, after an appropriate address by John Q. 
Wilson, one of the trustees, the stone was deposited in 
its place, with the customary forms, by John Townsend, 
president of the board of trustees, assisted by Joseph 
Russell, chairman of the building committee, and by Mr. 
Ruel Clapp, builder. Upon the side of the stone was a 
suitable inscription, and within it was placed a vase 
containing the current coins, a copy of the daily news- 
papers, &c., and a scroll containing a list of the subscrib- 
ers to the stock, 367 in number. 

The steam boats Rochester and Swallow left New 
York at 5 o'clock p. m., with the intention of reaching 
Albany in the shortest possible time. The Rochester 
arrived at 20 minutes past 1, having performed the trip 
in 8 h. 20 m. The Swallow broke down at Coxsackie, 
when she was about 6 m. in advance of the Rochester. 

Nov. 2. James Gumming died, aged 70. 
Horace Allen died. 

Nov. 5. Francis Bryan died, aged 76. 

Nov. 10. The election terminated in the choice of 
the democratic candidates. 



264 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

Nov. 15. The New York Express was enabled to give 
the news in the morning from the Albany Evening Jour- 
nal of the evening before, by the great speed of the 
steam boat Swallow. This was called annihilating time 
and space, and was thought to be quite as much in the 
way of speed as was desirable. Capt. McLean took the 
Evening Journal in his pocket on leaving the dock at 
Albany, and the next morning at 2 o'clock, walked into 
the office of the New York Express with it in season to 
spread its news before the readers of that paper, so that 
what was served to tea in Albany was given in New 
York at breakfast. 

Nov. 16. A blacksmith and wheelwright shop in 
Lydius street, near Lark, were burnt. 

Nov. 20. Abraham Oakley Miller died, aged 25. 

The following were elected officers of the St. Nicholas 
Benevolent society : 

Abraham Van Vechten, president. 

Harmanus Bleecker, Wm, W. Groesbeeck, John B. Van 
Schaick, vice presidents. 

John V. L. Pruyn, secretary. 

Richard Van Rensselaer, treasurer. 

Rev. Thomas E. Vermilyea and Rev. Isaac N. Wyckoff, 
chaplains. 

John W. Bay and Harman Wendell, physicians. 

Gerrit W. Ryckman, Egbert Egberts, Edward Brinker- 
hoff, Charles B. Lansing, Henry Bleecker, Jr., John 
Townsend, John Van Buren, Cornelius Ten Broeck, J. 
C. Van Schoonhoven, John C. Yates, managers. 

Nov. 21. At a meeting of the common council Mr. 
James G. Wasson, of the finance committee, reported 
recommending the appropriation of $46,000 for the ex- 
penses of the current year, as follows: $7,000 for lamps, 
$9 ? 000 for city watch, $20,000 for contingencies, $5,000 
on city debt, and $500 on City Hall; which was adopted. 

Nov. 24. A fire destroyed the dry goods store of Me- 
Cabe & Holmes in South Market street; loss $4,000. 

Nov. 27. Shaw's rope walk was burnt. 

Nov. 28. Catharine, widow of Gershom Fuller, died. 



I. 



1836. Notes from the Newspapers. 265 

The river was closed so that the steam boats could 
not get above Van Wie's point. 

Dec. 1. Mrs. Phebe Shepherd died, aged 59, and was 
buried from the house of her son-in-law, G. V. S. Bleecker. 

Dec. 7. James Hilton, a revolutionary soldier, died, 
aged 84. 

Anthony I. Quackenboss died in New York, 
aged 40. 

The river was open opposite the city, and the Swift- 
sure and Oliver Elsworth, took a number of boats in tow 
in the expectation of reaching New York with them. 

Dec. 8. The Evening Journal furnished its readers 
with the message 24 hours in advance of the mail. It 
was brought from New York to Rhinebeck by steam 
boat, and from thence to Hudson by stage; an express 
brought it from Hudson to Greenbush, 32 miles in 2 
hours. The expense of getting the president's message 
before the public in Albany, at this time, was very great, 
and the stratagems resorted to by the publishers of the 
three papers to head each other off, were quite amusing. 

Dec. 11. Sarah Lucretia, wife of James Keeler, died, 
aged 63. 

Dec. 15. Evelina Ross died, aged 20, and was buried 
from the house of Mrs. Leonard Gansevoort, in Chapel 
street. 

The following were elected officers of the fire depart- 
ment : 

Dennison Worthington, president. 
Walter R. Bush, vice president. 
John Cuyler, secretary. 
Ephraim N. Pratt, treasurer. 
Stephen Mix, collector. 

Dec. 16. The steam boats came up no further than 
Hudson, and the river was again closed to navigation. 

Dec. 17. Alida, widow of D. I. Winne, died, aged 61. 

Dec. 18. Mary C., wife of Alfred Dorr, died, aged 33. 

The ladies held a fair at Stanwix Hall for the benefit 
of St. Paul's church, the receipts of which amounted to 
$1,200. 



266 Notes from the Newspapers. 1836. 

Dec. 19. Erastus Corning was reelected mayor, 11 
votes; Teunis Van Vechten received 7. 

Dec. 20. The common council passed an ordinance 
to prevent forestalling in the market. The following 
salaries were increased: 

Chamberlain, $250 per annum. 

Supt. Almshouse, 200 do 

Almshouse physician, 100 do 

Clerk of the board, 100 do 

City marshal, salary fixed at 400 do 
Alderman Bloodgood laid on the table a resolution in 
relation to the subscription by the board, to the stock 
of the Albany and West Stockbridge rail road; the object 
of it being to prevent the city from becoming involved 
beyond the amount of its subscription. 
Dec. 28. Henry Hoyt died. 

1837. 

Jan. 3. Eliza, wife of Theodore Olcott, died, aged 25. 
Mrs. Hannah Gladding died, aged 63. 
Alexander Stevenson died, aged 31. 
The legislature met. 

Jan. 6. Abraham Van Vechten died. (See biogra- 
phical sketch on a subsequent page). 
Isabella, wife of Daniel P. Marshall, died, 

aged 41. 

Jan. 7. Mrs. Martha Humphrey died, aged 88. 
Jan. 8. Mary, widow of J. W. Rockwell, died, aged 64. 
Jan. 9. Dr. March applied to the common council for 
the Lancaster school house to be used as a medical col- 
lege in the event of a charter being granted by the legis- 
lature. Another application was made at the same time 
for its use as a piano forte manufactory. 
Jan. 11. Philo S. Webster died, aged 29. 
Jan. 12. James Hickson died, aged 67. 

John S. Salter, formerly an Albany merchant, 
died at Elizabeth town, N. J. 

Jan. 23. Daniel Mott died, aged 74. 



1837. Notes from the Newspapers. 267 

Jan. 26. Ebenezer Baldwin died at New Haven, aged 
46; he distinguished himself in the political and literary 
circles of Albany, in the time of Governor Clinton. 

Feb. 2. Alexander Finlay died. 

Edward Elliott died at St. Croix, aged 23. 

Feb. 5. Richard Leonard died, aged 37. 

Feb. 6. Margaret, wife of Joseph Davis, died, aged 33. 

Feb. 9. Jonathan Tilyou died, aged 54. 

Feb. 14. Frederick Cuyler died in Romeo, Michigan, 
aged 33. 

Feb. 19. Robert Gray died, aged 35. He was the 
first librarian of the Young Men's Association. 

Feb. 21. Oscar F. Griffin died, aged 26. 

Feb. 22. Mrs. Elizabeth Locherty died, aged 77. 

Feb. 24. John I. Cluett died, aged 84; formerly of 
New York. 

Feb. 25. Mrs. Margaret Boyd died, aged 30. 

Feb. 28. Levinus Van Schaack died, aged 43. 

March 5. George Fiske died, aged 58; formerly of 
Claremont, N. H. 

March 10. Eliza Treat, wife of John W. Bay, died. 
Silas Booth died, aged 79; a soldier of 
the revolution. 

March 18. Daniel Hare, Jr., late a merchant in this 
city, died at Esperance, Schoharie county. 

March 22. Rachel, widow of James Bleecker, died, 
aged 79, and was buried from the house of her son, G. 
V. S. Bleecker. 

March 24. William Hinton died, aged 35. 

March 28. The ice moved out of the river before the 
city without doing any damage. 

March 29. Michael Strong died, aged 62. 

A fire in Orange street destroyed the two story dwell- 
ing of John Shell. 

March 31. George S. Knower died, aged 20. 

A sloop arrived from New Baltimore, the first craft 
of the season. 

April 1. The steam boat Emerald, the first of the 
season, arrived from New York. 



268 Notes from the Newspapers. 1837. 

April 2. Abraham Mansfield, formerly of Albany, 
died at Italy, Yates county, N. Y. 

April 3. Rev. E. N. Kirk left the city to sail for 
Europe. 

April 5. Elizabeth, widow of John Lansing, died, 
aged 80. 

April 7. Louisa, wife of Henry Allan Grant, died, 
aged 25. 

April 8. James Beekman died, aged 79, 

April 14. Mary, wife of Liberty Wait, died aged 24. 

April 16. Mrs. R. W., wife of John Savage, died, 
aged 52. 

April 18. Mary Haring Knapp died, aged 20. 

The Daily Advertiser was sold by Messrs. J. B. Van 
Schaick & Co., to Rensselaer Van Rensselaer. Taking 
advantage of the increased speed of the night boats, 
which arrived at two or three o'clock in the morning, 
they adopted a new arrangement by which the news of 
the New York evening papers was given the next morn- 
ing in the Advertiser, making a difference of twenty-four 
hours over the old order of publishing. 

April 20. The corner stone of the Third Dutch 
church was laid, corner of Green and Ferry streets. 
The Rev. Drs. Ferris, Thos. E. Vermilyea, I. N. Wyckoff 
of the Dutch Reformed churches, and the Rev. Dr. 
Sprague of the Presbyterian church, assisted in the cere- 
monies. The ground on which the church was to be 
erected, was given by the Hon. Stephen Van Rensselaer. 
The corner stone was laid by the venerable Christian 
Miller, one of the fathers of the Dutch church in Albany. 
This church was organized 14th Dec. 1834, when it 
consisted of 19 members; it now numbered 79, and about 
75 families. 

April 24. A fire in Washington street destroyed a 
range of buildings from 65 to 81, inclusive. 

April 28. Mahala Sanford died, aged 54. 

May 2. Charter election, in which the Democrats 
were, for the first time in many years, left in the minority. 



1837. Notes from the Newspapers. 269 

WHIG. DEMOCRAT 

First Ward, 
dldermcn. G. V. S. Bleecker, ... 595 O. R. Van Benthuysen,. 426 

Chas. S. Olmstead, .. 578 Lemuel Jenkins, 425 

Assistants. Albeit VanVoast,... 568 Charles Dillon, 457 

John Thompson, 543 George Warren, 439 

Supervisor. C. W. Bender, 534 B. P. Staats, 463 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Ichabod L. Judson, , . 466 William Seymour, .... 325 

Josiah Winants, 461 D. S. Kittle 334 

Assistants. William Davis, 449 R. W. Peckham, 351 

S. Rathbone, 463 B.Robinson, 328 

Supervisor. Hazael Kane % . . 445 John I. Bui ton, 352 

Third Ward. 

Aldermen. John W. Bay, 269 John L. Wendell, . 124 



John Groesbeck, . . . . 278 Andrew E. Brown, 

Assistants. John Davis, 275 William Froment, . 

William Thorburn,.. 270 Wm. Hendrickson, 

Supervisor. Friend Humphrey,.. 274 E. R. Satterlee,. . . 



127 
126 
131 
128 
Fourth Ward. 

Aldermen. H. A. Williams,.... 464 James Maher, 425 

Seth Jarvis, . ..... 467 George Hanford, 445 

Assistants. S. T. Thorn, 484 C. Vosburgh, 455 

Lyman Philleo, 459 John Sharts, 427 

Supervisor. James Keeler, 411 P.P. Staats, 444 

Fifth Wa,d. 
Jlldermen. Giles Sanford, 284 James Gibbons, 366 



Gerrit L. Dox, 
Assistants. B. B. Tallman, 

Parker Sargent, 
Supervisor. John Trotter, Sen.,. 



270 Daniel D. Shaw, 389 

285 J. A. Putnam, 362 

290 James McCabe, 378 



291 H. V. Hart, 372 

May 5. Alexander Fulton died of wounds received by 
falling from a house in Washington street, at the late fire. 
May 8. At a meeting of the common council Hon. 
Erastus Corning resigned the office of mayor, which he 
had discharged with zeal and ability, and with universal 
satisfaction. 

An experiment was made with the steam boat N. 
Cobb, having on board Bennett's Improved Steam Gene- 
rator, to reach New York with 3J cords of wood. The 
boat was detained by an accident and fell short of her 
destination 50 miles when the 3J cords of wood were 
consumed. 



270 Notts from the Newspapers. 1837. 

May 9. The new board of common council met ; Win. 
Parmelee was chosen attorney, and George W. Weed 
clerk. There was a complete discharge of all the city 
officials, and new ones appointed in their places. 

May 11. The banks stopped specie payments, the 
New York banks having stopped the day before. 

May 12. Edward Mitchell died, one of the permanent, 
recruiting party of the United States at this station. 

May 14. Joseph Wilson died, aged 73. 

May 15. Mrs. Abby Steele died. 

Miss Cynthia R. Sherman died, aged 33. 

Teunis Van Vechten was elected mayor by 14 votes. 

May 16. The legislature adjourned after a session of 

days, having passed 478 laws. 

May 22. Richard S. Treat died, aged 68. 

Elisha B. Janes died, late principal of the 
Pearl street Academy, aged 36. 
Louis De Witt died. 

May 24. Ellen, wife of Dennis Cane, died. 

May 28. Robert McLachlan died, aged 28. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Parker died, aged 52. 

May 29. At a meeting of the common council John 
Townsend and others petitioned the board to issue small 
bills, under five dollars, to supply the great scarcity of 
small change of all kinds. It was referred to the finance 
committee, who subsequently reported adversely to the 
petition. 

June 6. The grocers held a meeting at which they 
resolved that under the present system of selling bread 
they were nothing more than mere collectors for the 
bakers, and that they would take no more bread of them 
at present, but would exert themselves to bring about a 
reform. 

June 8. Jonathan Goldwait died, aged 42. 

June 14. Francis C. Pruyn died. 

Jesse Howe died, aged 37; of the firm of 
Howe & Watson. 

June 17. Adam Kittle died, aged 24. 

June 19. Miss Grace McNoah died, aged 21. 



1837. Notes from the Newspapers. 271 

June 21. William Ettridge, proprietor of the Utica 
House, died, aged 51. 

June 22. Susan, wife of Benj. Van Benthuysen, died, 
aged 52. 

June 25. Elizabeth, wife of Wilson Robinson, died, 
aged 51. 

June 26. Joseph Russell died, aged 80. 

June 29. The common council removed George J. 
Loomis, Lemuel Steele and William Seymour, who had 
been appointed commissioners for the erection of school 
houses. 

June 30. General Robert Dunbar, Jr., died, aged 64. 
He had been for more than thirty years the principal 
agent of the patroon, and enjoyed the confidence and 
esteem of all who knew him. 

July 6. Margaret, wife of John Nellegar, died. 
H. C. Wendell died, aged 56. 

July 11. Valentine W. R. Satterlee died, aged 46. 

July 12. Catharine, wife of Ethan Allen Fay, died. 

July 13. The pier company having applied to the 
common council for permission to widen the pier 15 feet, 
the petition was refused. 

The competition was very great among the steam boats. 
There were the Old line, the People's line, the Night line, 
the Day line, and the Eagle line. One night several 
boats would leave crowded to suffocation at 50 cents a 
head; the next evening a solitary boat would depart at 
$3 a head. 

The Eagle Tavern, rendered so famous by its landlord 
Leveret Cruttenden, passed into the hands of H. H. 
Crane, from Rochester. 

July 21. A fire broke out in South Market street 
which swept down the block bounded by that street on 
the west, and by Hamilton, Quay and Division streets. 
Among those burnt out were Ralph Pratt & Co., E. C. 
Aikin, Matthew Howe, James Goold, E. S. Herrick, 
George Guardenier, Thomas Hill, Thomas Watson, J. B. 
Morgan, P. & H. B. Van Buren, James Gallagher. The 
Exchange Coffee House and one other brick building 
alone were saved. 



272 Notes from the Newspapers. 1837. 

July 24. Leonard G. Van Vechten died, aged 25. 
Margaret, McKee died. 

July 28. David I. Boyd died, aged 50. 

July 30. Margery Gumming died, aged 50. 

July 31. There were 484 paupers in the Almshouse. 

Aug. 6. Erastus St. John died, aged 22. 

Aug. 7. Charles Pohlman resigned the office of assist- 
ant engineer of the fire department. 

Aug. 13. Jane, wife of Wm. Seymour, died, aged 41. 

Aug. 15. Ezra Thayer died, aged 72. 

Aug. 20. Catharine, wife of Ambrose Spencer, died, 
aged 58. 

There were 16 steam boats at the dock. 

Aug. 26. The common council was convened at 3 
o'clock in the afternoon at the request of twelve members, 
to take into consideration the case of a circus company. 
They had erected a circus at Kane's walk, and the board 
had prohibited their performances. Alderman John 
Groesbeck advocated the granting of a license to them, 
but the board refused to do it. 

Sept. 3. A fire in Exchange street destroyed Thomas's 
cooperage. 

Sept. 4. A law having been passed by the common 
council prohibiting circus exhibitions in the city, it was 
repealed by a vote of 1 1 to 6. 

Sept. 5. A special meeting of the board was held, 
at which an appropriation was made of $1,000 to aid in 
improving the channel of the river. Eagle street, which 
was still unopened, was directed to be pitched and paved 
from Hudson to Eagle street. The city attorney reported 
that he had sued the Albany City Bank for extending 
their building beyond the line of the street, and obtained 
a judgment of $25, notwithstanding which, they contin- 
ued to proceed with the building. The board directed 
the attorney to prosecute the bank from day to day until 
they suspended the progress of the work and removed the 
obstruction complained of. The edifice was completed 
as it was begun nevertheless. 

Sept. 6. John Phillips, Jr., died, 51. 



1837. Note* from the Newspapers. 273 

Sept. 6. Mary, wife of Dr. Joel A. Wing, died, aged 46. 

Sept. 7. Sanford Rowe died, aged 20. 

Sept. 8. Robert Martin, formerly one of the proprie- 
tors of the Albany Daily Advertiser, died, aged 39. 

Sept. 9. Catharine Ann, wife of Rev. Dr. Ferris, died 
in New York. 

Sept. 10. Charles L. Chapman died, aged 36. 
Hannan Van Allen died, aged 22. 

Sept. 12. The sabbath schools of the city held their 
anniversary under the arrangement of Philip Phelps, 
John \Vinne, Jacob Hochsjrasser, L. P. Noble, Charles 
M. Jenkins, and Archibald McClure. 

Sept. 13. Jane, wife of John Peebles, died. 

Grandin Augustus Bogart died at New Or- 
leans, aged 23. 

Sept. 15. Catharine, widow of John L. Viele, died, 
aged 44. 

Sept. 16. Philip De Freest died, aged 38. 

Mary L. wife of Rev. Dr. W. B. Sprague, 
died, aged 33. 

Sept. 18. A new steam boat built by Peter Burden, 
arrived from New York in 13 hours, having been de- 
tained two hours. 

Sept. 19. Elizabeth, wife of Elisha Dorr, died. 

Sept. 20. Alanson L. Covell, pastor of the First Bap- 
tist church, died, aged 34. 

Sept. 29. Sanford Cobb was elected chamberlain of 
the city, vice P. V. Shankland resigned. 

Oct. 2. The board of aldermen discussed the propo- 
sition to appoint a comptroller of the city treasury. It 
was argued that at present about $400,000 passed through 
the hands of the chamberlain annually, and that in the 
collection and disbursement of so large a sum there should 
be a check upon the officer having control thereof, although 
no loss had yet accrued. The subject was referred. 

At the same meeting Messrs. Britton B. Tallman, Sim- 
eon De Witt Bloodgood and Isaac N. Comstock, were 
elected commissioners under the act of the legislature, 
for the erection of district school houses. 

{Annals, x.] 24 



274 Notes from the Newspapers. 1837. 

Oct. 3. Matilda, wife of Douw Fonda, died. 

Oct. 15. Thankful, wife of Joseph L'Amoreux,,died, 
aged 54. 

Caroline, daughter of the late Obediah 
Cooper, died, aged 56. 

Oct. 23. Gertrude Wandell died, aged 85. 
John C. Winne died, aged 40. 

The board of common council created the office of au- 
ditor, and elected Robert Brown to perform its duties. 

Oct. 29. Captain John C. Baker, Jr., died at New 
Orleans. 

Oct. 30. A fire was discovered in the coal yard of 
Walter R. Morris & Co., corner of Quackenbush and 
Water streets, which was supposed to be a case of spon- 
taneous combustion. Another fire in the evening de- 
stroyed the cabinet shop of James H. Turley and the 
spirit gas manufactory of John G. Webb, 290 North 
Market street. In removing a cask of gas it took fire 
and flowed down the gutter to Maiden lane, forming a 
novel and interesting exhibition. 

The common council repealed a law which prohibited 
farmers selling meats in State street, or any other part 
of the city. 

Nov. 3. Mrs. Jane McNoah died, aged 55. 

Nov. 4. Eleanor, wife of Jonas Stafford, died in New 
York. 

Nov. 6. Mary, wife of Lawrence Howard, died, 
aged 52. 

Nov. 7. Mrs. Mary Stewart died, aged 85. 

Sarah, wife of 0. R. Van Benthuysen, died, 
aged 52. 

Nov. 9. The election which was still held during 
three days, terminated in the defeat of the democratic 
party. Daniel D. Barnard was elected to the assembly, 
John B. Van Schaick to the senate, H. B. Haswell county 
clerk, and Michael Artcher sheriff. The Evening Jour- 
nal displayed the great eagle in its columns for the first 
time, with the motto "As goes the fourth ward, so goes 
the state," so often boasted by the Argus. 






1837. Notes from the Newspapers. 275 

Nov. 10. Maria Antoinette McElroy died, aged 42. 
Nov. 11. Henry Bleecker died, aged 75. 
Nov. 13. The common council resolved to raise the 
following sums of money by tax: 

For lamps and city watch, $15,000 

contingencies, 20,000 

city debt and interest, 5.000 

on account of City Hall, 5,000 

building school houses, 2,500 

$47,500 

Nov. 29. Gertrude, wife'of Francis Van Dusen, died, 
aged 57. 

Conrad A. Ten Eyck had held the office of county 
clerk with ability during a long period; and on retiring 
the Albany county court and bar united in a compliment- 
ary letter to him. 

Dec. 4. Mrs. Sarah Pemberton died, aged 59. 

Dec. 6. Sally, wife of David N. Parker, formerly of 
this city, died in New Orleans, aged 32. 

Dec. 14. Cornelius B. Marshall died. 

Dec. 17. Robert B. Bennett died, aged 36. 

William Alvord died at Savannah, aged 36. 

Dec. 27. Teunis Van Vechten was reelected mayor. 

Dec. 28. Sarah S., wife of William C. Miller, died. 

1838. 

Jan. 6. Solomon South wick issued a new weekly 
paper called The Family Newspaper. 

Jan. 12. James F. Linacre died, aged 32. 
Jan. 26. The river was free of ice. 
The first annual report of the harbor master, under 
a law of the last legislature, presented the following 
statement: 

Vessels. Tons. 

249 sloops 12,326 

32 steamboats, 8,253 

40 tow boats, 7.059 

129 schooners, 8,318 



276 Notes from the Newspapers. 1838. 



1 brig,.. 


120 


3 perriauguas,. 


200 


7 Philadelphia barges, . 


889 


11 scows, 


429 



473 vessels. 37,595 tons. 

These vessels made from 1 to 100 trips each, produc- 
ing a revenue of $563-91 at l cents per ton. 

0. M. Coleman, a mechanic of this city, produced an 
automaton which played upon a musical instrument 
distinct from itself, an achievement never before accom- 
plished. It consisted of the figure of a female, and played 
any tune within the compass of an accordion. 

Jan. 29. The fur manufactory of Packer, Prentice & 
Co., in Water street, was destroyed by lire, loss about 
$5,000; $2, 100 insured. 

Jan. 30. The grocery of Wm. M. Bender, corner of 
South Pearl and Lydius streets, was burnt, loss $2,000; 
$1,200 insured. 

Feb. 3. Jane, wife of John Garnsey, died, aged 38. 

Feb. 5. Peter Brown died, aged 57. 

The superintendent of the Almshouse reported 639 
paupers. The salary of the overseer of the poor was 
raised to $550. The expenses of the last quartei were 
$5,652-52. 

The common council were petitioned to open Colonie 
street from North Market to Orchard street. 

The eastern mail was lost in crossing the river by the 
breaking of the ice. 

Feb. 17. Isaiah Townsend died, aged 61. He was a 
native of Orange county, and came to this city in 1799. 
As the senior partner of the house of I. & J. Townsend, 
he had been engaged in active and extensive mercantile 
and manufacturing business for the last 36 years. The 
house, by its enterprise and liberality, had done much to 
promote the manufacturing interests of the country, and 
still more to advance the prosperity of this city. He is 
characterized, as in all things, an upright, just and 
generous man, who lived a life of honor and usefulness. 



1838. Notes from th* Newspapers. 277 

At a meeting of the merchants, Erastus Corning chair- 
man, it was resolved to close their stores and attend the 
funeral. 

Feb. 20. Thomas Duncan died, aged 28. 

John H. Angus died, aged 50. 
Feb. 23. Stephen Thorn died, aged 48. 
Feb. 28. Martha, widow of Dr. Abel Sherman, died, 
aged 65. 

March 2. Maria Hoffman died, aged 34. 
March 3. Dr. Jarvis Barney died, aged 33. 
March 4. Mary, wife of Linus McCabe, died, aged 23. 
March 5. Rosanna, wfdow of Sebastian Visscher, died, 
aged 65. 

Alonzo L. Stewart, formerly of Albany, 
died at Kingston, Ulster county, aged 31. 

March 6. Susan, wife of P. V. Shankland, died. 
March 15. John Garnsey died, aged 41. 
March 16. Timothy Pitkin, Jr., sometime resident in 
this city, died at Columbus, Georgia, aged 25. 

March 18. Maria, wife of Edward Dunn, died, aged 26. 
Elizabeth, wife of John Wright, died, 

aged 44. 

March 19. The Utica arrived, first steam boat from 
New York. 

The fifth ward burial ground having been advertised 

for sale, the board of common council ordered it to be 

discontinued, on the petition of David Pruyn and others. 

March 22. A fire in Orange street destroyed several 

buildings. 

March 24. Sophia, wife of William McHarg, died, 
aged 48. 

It was announced that the Presbyterian church in 
Montgomery street was to have the addition of a steeple, 
in which one of the famous Spanish bells was to be hung. 
These bells were brought over from Spain and sold in 
New York. 

March 26. Rev. James Jope died, of the State street 
Methodist church. 
March 28. Isabella, widow of John Shaw, died. 



278 Notes from the Newspapers. 1838. 

March 29. Ann Eliza, wife of Henry Martin, late 
of Albany, died in Stanfortville, Connecticut. 

March 31. A fire in Lawrence street destroyed a 
number of wooden buildings adrertised to be sold by the 
canal commissioners. 
April 2. Joanna, widow of John Hone, died, aged 73. 

Norman Seymour died, aged 22. 

The common council passed a law for excavating the 
mound on the north side of Hamilton street, west of 
Eagle. 

April 3. Alonzo Borne died, aged 49. 
April 11. Lloyd Wm. Henry, died, aged 24. 

Catharine, wife of Thomas Fish, died. 
April 13. John Mansfield died. 

Richard Tillman died, aged 88. 

Elizabeth M., wife of Anthony Blanchard, 

died. 

April 14. Abram Burbank died, aged 60. 
April 16. At a meeting of the common council, John 
Davis moved that the Lancaster school house be leased 
to the trustees of the Medical College for five years, rent 
free. He stated that application had been made to the 
legislature repeatedly for a charter, but that it had not 
been acted upon by that body, and it was proposed to 
commence a school without a charter; that the building 
was becoming dilapidated, and a nuisance; that the peti- 
tioners proposed to expend $5,000 in repairs upon it, and 
would surrender the premises in good condition at the 
end of the term. The motion was adopted unanimously. 
April 17. Lyman V. Moody died, aged 38. 

Mrs. Caroline Brown died, aged 34. 
April 18. William Campbell died, aged 52. 
N. 0. Covert died in Montreal. 
Thomas Rector was arraigned on charge 
of having murdered Robert Shepherd on the llth March 
last. 

April 20. Mrs. Hannah, mother of E. C. Delavan, died. 
John W. Merril died, aged 25. 
Robert P. Paine died at Pensacola. 



1838. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



279 



April 23. Walter R. Morris, an Albany merchant, 
died at Louisville, Ky., aged 36. 

April 25. Ephraim Wilder, of the house of Wilder & 
Hastings, died, aged 53. 

April 26. The bank of Albany recovered so far from 
the late panic as to begin paying out its own bills again. 
Its emission was from new plates. 

April 29. Margaret, widow of William Foster, died, 
aged 56. 

April 30. Benjamin Lattimore, a revolutionary soldier, 
died, aged 78. 

May 1. The expenses of the city for the year past 
were $240,426*92. 

May 2. The charter election terminated in the de- 
feat of the democrats, every ward giving whig majorities. 

WHIG. DEMOCRAT. 

First Ward. 

Jttdermen. G. V. S. Bleecker,... 600 

Chas. S. Olmsted,... 591 

Assistants. William Barney, .... 584 

Nathan Kingsley, . . . 559 

Supervisor. C. W. Bender, 589 

David Bensen, 588 



Assessor. 

Aldermen. 

Assistants. 

Supervisor. 
Assessor. 

Aldermen. 
Assistants. 

Supervisor. 
Assessor. 

Aldermen. 

Assistants. 

Supervisor. 
Assessor. 



John E. Lovett, 365 

Benjamin Thomas, .... 355 

Adam Toxld, 387 

Burgess Wands, 367 

Edward A richer, 367 

George Warren, 367 



Second 
Ichabod L. Judson, . . 

Josiah Winants, 

William Davis, 

John F. Tcwnsend,.. 

Hazael Kane, 

Moses Tyler, 

Third 

John W. Bay, 

John Davis, 

William Thorburn,.. 

Arnold Nelson 

Friend Humphrey,.. 
Ehhu Russell, 

Fourth 
Henry A. Williams,. 

Seth Jarvis, 

Sieph^n T. Thorn, .. 
Joel R. Dickerman,. 

Chas. A. Keeler, 

A aron Hawley 



Ward. 

442 Hiram Perry, 398 

426 Timothy Seymour,.... 390 

438 John Kelso 393 

431 Francis McGuigan,... 393 

437 John I. Burton, 392 

436 Thomas Carson, 394 

Wara. 

339 John R. Bleecker, .... 148 

C. Y. Lansing, 152 

N. N. Quackenboss, . . . 151 
Cornelius Ten Brorck,. 153 
Seth Hastings, 152 



William Muir, 152 



344 
343 
338 
342 
342 
Ward. 

554 James Maher, 474 

566 George Hanford, 491 

576 John Sharls, 475 

563 John Osborn, 486 

546 Peter P. Staats, 502 



564 William Whiting,. 



485 



280 Notes from the Newspapers. 1838. 

Fifth Ward. 

Mdermen. Thomas McElroy,. .. 366 Charles Chapman, 313 

Andrew Kirk, 372 James McCabe, 311 

Atsistantt. Parker Sargent, 375 Timothy Spears, 315 

Zebina Belknap,.... 370 John Ken yon, 309 

Supervisor. Giles Sanford, 375 John Van Ness, Jr., ... 300 

May 3. Anna M. Slingerland, wife of Robert S. Lay, 
formerly of this city, died at Chesterville, aged 22. 

May 8. The Albany Daily Advertiser establishment 
passed into the hands of its former owners, E. W., & C. 
Skinner, and was edited by John B. Van Schaick. 

May 8. Abram Koonz and others petitioned the com- 
mon council to have Hallenbake street paved from Hudson 
to Lydius, which was granted. Very few of the den- 
izens of that street at this day have an idea of its aspect 
twenty years ago. The first, house built upon it is be- 
lieved to have been that of Mr. Koonz, on the north-east 
corner of Grand and Hamilton. It stood alone like an 
outpost upon the western verge of the city. 

May 14. Joseph Wilson, died, aged 73. 

May 17. Douw Fonda, died, aged 74. 

May 16. The following were elected professors of the 
Albany Medical College : 

Dr. Alden March, prof, surgery. 

Prof. E. Emmons, chemistry and natural history. 

Dr. Jas. H. Armsby, anatomy and physiology. 

Dr. Henry Green, obstetrics and diseases of women 
and children. 

Dr. David McLachlan, materia medica and pharmacy. 

Dr. Thomas Hun, the institutes of medicine. 

Amos Dean, Esq., medical jurisprudence. 

David M. Reese, theory and practice of medicine. 

The fees for the course were $75. 

May 23. Peter Allanson died, aged 65. 

May 25. The coach factory of James Goold & Co., 
was destroyed by fire ; loss $45,000, insured $19,500. 
There were a considerable number of other buildings 
burnt also in the vicinity. The loss of Mr. Goold was 
felt to be a public calamity, and a number of wealthy 



1838. Notes from the Newspapers. 281 

citizens loaned him f 20,000 five years without interest, 
to rebuild his establishment and commence anew. 

May 29. Isabella, widow of Barent Van Loon, died. 

The following were the first trustees of the Medical 
College : 

Teunis Van Vechten, mayor of the city, 
James McKown, recorder of the city, 
Daniel D. Barnard, William Seymour, 

Samuel Stevens, Israel Williams, 

John Taylor, George Dexter, 

Friend Humphrey, Oliver Steele, 

James Goold, Robert H. Pruyn, 

John I. Wendell, John Groesbeck, 

Andrew Kirk, John Trotter, 

Conrad A. Ten Eyck, Charles D. Gould, 

Ira Harris, Arnold Nelson, 

Bradford R. Wood, Thomas McElroy, 

John 0. Cole, P. S. Van Rensselaer. 

John Davis, 

June 4. The common council removed John 0. Cole 
from the office of police magistrate, which he had held 
several years to the discomfiture of evil doers, and ap- 
pointed Hazael Kane in his place. 

June 4. Erastus Corning was elected president of the. 
Utica and Schenectady rail road. 

June 8. Mrs. Susanna McKenna died, aged 80. 

A purchase was made by the state of the house of 
Edwin Croswell, in Elk street, for the use of the gov- 
ernor, for which $19,000 was paid. 

A warm June ; state of thermometer: 

6 A.M. 3 P.M. 9 P.M. 
June 10 Sunday, 66 deg. 93 deg. 82 deg. 

11 Monday, 75 94 79 

12 Tuesday, 72 80 77 

13 Wednesday, 74 79 81 

14 Thursday, 68 86 78 

15 Friday, 71 88 75 

16 Saturday, 72 88 77 

17 Sunday, 73 87 77 

18 Monday, 67 82 71 



282 Notes from the Newspapers. 1838 

The average temperature of the first half of June for 
the past ten years was as follows: 

J829 70.30 deg. 1834 64.38 deg. 

1830 65.75 1835 70.63 

1831 74.60 1836 66.77 

1832 65.54 1837 69.50 

1833 63.85 1838 71.11 

June 21. A fire destroyed a carpenter's shop and 
several small buildings in Spring street. 

June 25. Helen, wife of Gerrit Y. Lansing, died. 

June 9. J. J. De Lissa, a teacher of languages, was 
drowned by falling from the Troy steam boat. 

July 4. Oration by Thomas W. Harman ; reading 
Declaration by J. B. Van Schaick. The procession had 
the unusual attraction of the presence of the Philadelphia 
State Fencibles. Oration before Young Men's Associa- 
tion by Wm. H. Fondey ; reading Declaration by A. M. 
Strong. 

The celebrated traveler, J. Silk Buckingham, at this 
time delivered a course of lectures in the Female Acad- 
emy on Egypt, &c. 

July 1. Mrs. Ruth Crane died, aged 86. 
Dr. 0. Crosby died. 

July 2. Ellen E., wife of Rufus King, died, aged 26. 

July 4. The Daily Patriot, an abolition paper, was 
begun by J. G. Wallace. 

July 5. Susan, widow of H. Dyer, died, aged 28. 

July 7. John McMillen died. 

July 8. Lydia, wife of Simeon Fitch, died, aged 61. 
Margaret, wife of Peter Smith, died, aged 45. 

July 9. Elizabeth, wife of James Winne, died. 

July 10. Magdalene, wife of Seth Arnold, died, aged 
46. 

July 14. LeverettCruttenden, died at Bridgeport, Conn., 
aged 67. He was long and favorably known as Mine Host 
of the Hill, or in other words, the landlord of the celebrated 
public house, afterwards known as Congress Hall, and 
subsequently as the keeper of the Eagle Tavern. The 



1838. Notes from the Newspapers. 283 

House of Lords, as his establishment was called from its 
superior character, was established in 1814, and conti- 
nued about sixteen years. It was the head quarters of 
the old judiciary, which was swept away by the Jacobin 
hurricane of 1821-1822, and also of that glorious galaxy 
of talent, genius and learning which, adorned the bar of 
New York at that day, and of the most distinguished 
members of the legislature. It was likewise the principal 
resort of distinguished gentlemen in other walks of life. 
Mr. Cruttenden was a man of reading, and of ready and 
brilliant humor, and from his talents and great popularity, 
was usually one of the after-dinner social circles, for 
many years being not only witty himself, but the cause 
of wit in others. Here was held the original Kent Club, 
and the Spencerian judges met ; and where were found 
such men as Williams, Emmett, Storrs, J. R. Van Rens- 
selaer, Riggs, Harrison, Bunner, and a score of others. 
Mr. Cruttenden relinquished his calling about eighteen 
menths before his death, and retired to Bridgeport, where 
he had "built a house, and hoped to pass the evening of 
his days. But the change of an active life for one of 
leisure wrought unfavorably upon his health. He la- 
bored much of the time under a religious melancholy, 
which was followed by a paralytic attack. He was a 
native of Guilford, Conn. 

July 19. Mrs. Jane Hanah died, aged 92. 

July 20. Maria, wife of Isaac W. Vosburgh, died, 
aged 32. 

July 22. The Third Presbyterian church, in Mont- 
gomery street, was opened for worship, having been 
closed some time for repairs, during which a steeple had 
been erected, and a Spanish convent bell, recast by As- 
pinwall, hung in it, and it was lighted by chandeliers. 

July 24. James 0. Wendell died. 

July 29. Margaret McChesney died, aged 36. 

July 30. Two frame buildings in Second street, Arbor 
hill, were destroyed by fire ; one of them, the bakery of 
James Dey Ermand. 

Beebe's carpentry shop, in Montgomery street, was 
burnt. 



284 Notes from the Newspapers. 1838. 

July 30. David Orr died, aged 30. 

Aug. 1. Dr. Lewis H. Gregory died. 
Robert McFarlan died. 

Aug. 2. Alfred H. Collins, died aged 22. 

Aug. 3. Isaac P. Cole, died aged 53. 

Aug. 4. Sarah L M wife of Watts Sherman, died, 

aged 22. 
Alida, wife of James Boyd, died, aged 76. 

Aug. 5. Louisa B., wife of Eleazar Bliss, died, aged 42 

Aug. 6. William Strain, died, aged 69. 
Peter Drake died, aged 53. 

Aug. 8. Mrs. Elizabeth Brown died, aged 50. 

Aug. 10. Deborah Johnson died, aged 54. 

Aug. 12. Sarah, wife of James Harrison, died, aged 26. 

Aug. 15. Mary, wife of Thomas Morgan, died, aged 77. 

A fire in Church street destroyed a part of Stark's 
tavern and a dwelling house. 

Aug. 19. A fire in Van Schaick street burnt down 
several wooden tenements in that and Fox street, and a 
lad named Hagerman, perished in the flames. 

Aug. 20. Margaret, widow of James Rodgers, died, 
aged 72. 

Aug. 21. Mrs. Hannah Peck, died. 

Mary D., wife of Jeremiah M. Ball, died, aged 35. 

Aug. 23. Uri Scott died, aged 68. 

A new bell was put in the tower of the North Dutch 
church, weighing 3,123 pounds, cast at the foundry of 
Aspinwall of this city. 

Aug. 31. Notice was given that the Second Methodist 
Protestant church would open their meeting room over 
store No. 2 Green Street, on the next sabbath, seats free; 
that Rev. Thomas W. Pearson, recently of Hallenbake 
street church, had been duly appointed pastor of this 
church, and would officiate. 

Sept. 5. Mrs. Ann Annesley died, aged 63. 

Sept. 8. A fire destroyed the extensive stables on the 
southwest corner of Eagle and Hudson streets, occupied 
by S. W. St. John, and owned by Abel French; also 500 



1838. Notes from the Newspapers. 285 

cords of pine woods. The Troy and Greenbush fire en- 
gines came to assist in its extinguishment. 

Sept. 15. Hiram Finch died, aged 35. 

Sept. 17. The navigation committee reported to the 
common council that $96,090*55 had been expended in 
improving the basin, and that there were still 105,000 
yards of excavation to be made, which would cost $36,250. 

Sept. 19. Levi Bartlett died, aged 35. 

Sept. 25. A public dinner was given to Harmanus 
Bleecker, on the occasion of his going abroad. 

Oct. 4. Bayard G. Han/1 died at Savannah, Ga. 

Oct. 14. The common council passed a law for the 
paving of Eagle street for the first time, between Hudson 
and Lydius. 

Wm. Augustus Douglass died at St. Augus- 
tine, aged 23. 

Oct. 15. Mrs. Jane Chapman died, aged 71. 

Oct. 17. Nathaniel Judson died, aged 86. 

Oct. 19. Daniel P. Marshall died, aged 48. 

Oct. 20. Isaac M. Blake died, aged 27. 
Magdalen Fonda died, aged 41. 

Oct. 22. James Frazer died, aged 21. 

Oct. 29. Harriet, wife of Josiah Clark, died, aged 32. 

Nov. 5. Mrs. Phoebe Hewlett died, aged 74. 

Capt. Orsemus Whipple died, aged 32. 

Nov. 7. The fall election was closed, and the whigs 
were the winners. Daniel D. Barnard was elected to 
congress, and John Davis to the assembly. The vote 
for Gov. Marcy was 518 less than that of Mr. Seward. 

Nov. 9. Franklin Hubbard died, aged 22. 

Nov. 10. Margarey, wife of Joseph Briare, died aged 28. 

Nov. 15. Abraham Oakey died, aged 38. 

Elisha Dorr was chosen treasurer of the 
county. 

Nov. 20. John Carmichael died, aged 32, 

Nov. 21. Elsie Van Rensselaer died, aged 79. 
James Hilton died, aged 49. 

Nov. 7. Lavinia E., wife of A. J. Hill, and daughter 

[Annals, x.] 25 



286 Notes from the Newspapers. 1838. 

of Willard Walker, died in England, and was buried in 
the graveyard of the First Presbyterian Church. 

Nov. 27. Hector H. Crane, of the Eagle Tavern, died, 
aged 44. 

Nov. 29. Lavinia Augusta Wilson died, aged 29. 

Ellen W., wife of Sylvester T. Carr, died, 
aged 35. 

Nov. 9. Elizabeth, widow of John Carson, formerly 
of Albany, died at Geneseo, aged 85. She was the 
mother of David and Thomas Carson, and a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church, as early as 1792. 

Nov. 7. Mrs. Anne Grant, author of the American 
Lady, died at Edinburgh, aged 84. 

Dec. 3. Elizabeth Brown died, aged 54. 

Dec. 4. Catharine A., wife of Wm. Russell, died, 
aged 24. 

Dec. 5. Joseph Clark, late of England, died, aged 70. 

Dorephus Abbey, formerly a printer in this city, was 
executed at Kingston, Canada. He was second in com- 
mand of the Patriots at Prescott, and captured. 

Dec. 12. Mary, wife of Hazael Kane, died, aged 35. 

Christian, widow of John Humphrey, and mother of 
the above, died, aged 79. 

The association of the Albany Exchange Bank was 
formed, with a capital of $100,000. John Q. Wilson 
was the first president, and Geo. W. Stanton vice-pres- 
ident. 

Emily Ann, widow of Anthony I. Quackenboss, died 
in New York, aged 41. 

Dec. 19. Mrs. Susan Kinnear died, aged 78. 

Dec. 21. Agrippa Martin died, aged 72. 

Dec. 23. Rachel Douw died, aged 64. 

Dec. 25, Joseph Russell died, aged 62; president of 
the Canal Bank. 

Dec. 27. Teunis Van Vechten was reelected mayor for 
the ensuing year. 

Barnum Whipple, harbor-master, reported that there 
had arrived at and departed from Albany, during the 
year 1838, the following vessels, (exclusive of canal 
boats.) 



1838. Notes from the Newspapers. 287 

226 sloops, 11,445 tons. 

123 schooners 8,159 

7 scows, 360 

14 steam boats 4,853 

15 steam tow boats,. 1,618 

2 brigs, 320 

444 vessels. 36,721 

Averaging the number of trips at 2 each, the whole 
number of trips will be 6,180. 

1^39. 

Jan. 2. The Medical College was opened by a lecture 
from David M. Reese, M. D. 

Jan. 3. Col. John B. Van Schaick, editor of the Al- 
bany Daily Advertiser, and a gentleman of distinguished 
literary reputation, died, aged 35. 

A meeting of the common council was called to con- 
sider the propriety of granting the petition, asking the 
corporation to assume the entire expense of the con- 
struction of the Albany and West Stockbridge rail road. 

Jan. 6. William Ostrander died. 

Jan. 7. Susan, wife of Samuel Stevens, died, aged 38. 

The medical profession held a meeting, at which Dr. 
Jonathan Eights presided, and Dr. M. F. Cogswell was 
secretary, which passed a series of resolutions advocating 
the establishment of a hospital. 

Jan. 10. John Van Ness Yates died, aged 60. He was 
the son of Chief Justice Yates, and came to this city at 
the age of 14, to study law in the office of John V. Henry. 

Jan. 14. Adah, wife of Wm. Fitch, died, aged 26. 

Jan. 19. Robert Bowie died, aged 60. 

Jan. 21. Jared L. Rathbone was elected mayor in place 
of Teunis Van Vechten resigned. 

Jan. 22. Cold day; thermometer 14 below 0. 

Jan. 26. Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer, the venerable 
patroon, died at the Manor House, aged 75. Respected 
for his services on the battle-field and in the counci 



288 Notes from the Newspapers 1839. 

chamber of the nation ; eminent for the virtues which 
adorned his public and his private life; beloved for the 
benevolence which made many partakers of the wealth 
bestowed upon him; after a long career of honor and 
usefulness, he sank calmly and contentedly to his final 
repose. An account of his life and services may be 
found in vol. in, p. 281. 

Jan. 26. An express was started by Messrs. Baker 
& Walker, to carry the intelligence of the Patroon's 
death to New York. A Mr. Dimmick left Albany 14 
minutes before 6 p. m. in a sulkey. At Redhook, he 
tfbund a bridge gone, but mounted his horse and swam 
rthe stream drawing the sulkey after him. At Fishkill the 
obstruction was much more formidable. The bridge was 
gone, and the road for more than half a mile inundated. 
He again mounted his horse, who pushed gallantly into 
the flood and swam, with his rider and sulkey over a 
quarter of a mile, bringing both safely to the opposite 
i shore. Notwithstanding these and other obstructions 
the express arrived at the Carlton House at 20 minutes 
past 8 o'clock in the morning, having rode over the dis- 
tance of about 150 miles in 14h. 31m. The record of 
such an enterprise enables us more fully to realize the 
advantages of the telegraph. 

There was a great freshet at this time, and the river 
rose to an unusual height. A soup house was opened at 
the City Hall for the benefit of those who had been 
driven out of their homes. 

Jan. 27. Loren Webster died at Toronto, Canada. 
Robert Swain, Jr., died in Texas, aged 24. 

Jan. 31. Mrs. Elizabeth Watters died, aged 64. 

Adelia, wife of William Brown, died, aged 25. 

The number of paupers in the Almshouse, was 532. 
There was besides a soup house for the accommodation 
of the hungry, which was a much abused institution. 

The profits of the Greenbush ferry for the year past, 
amounted to $1,081-92. 

Feb. 1. Mrs. Mary McKay died, aged 62. 

Feb. 5. Mrs. Rebecca McChesney died, aged 63. 



1839. Notes from the Newspapers. 289 

Feb. 6. The Rev. Edward Allen was installed pastor 
of the Fourth Presbyterian church. 

Feb. 7. James Porter, register of the court of chan- 
cery, died, aged 52. 

Feb. 9. Thomas Breeman died, aged 30. 

Feb. 13. A fire destroyed the plaster factory of Thos. 
Carroll, in North Market street, and nearly destroyed 
the old Payn tavern ; loss about $3,000. 

Feb. 14. Mrs. Ann McConnell died, aged 70. 

Feb. 15. Gertrude, widow of Richard S. Treat, and 
daughter of the late Dr. Stringer, died. 

John Tayler Cooper was appointed Major-General of 
the 1st Division of New York State Cavalry, in place of 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, deceased. 

A fire destroyed the stable of Gregory & Nelson, corner 
of Quay and Orange streets. 

Feb. 19. Simeon P. Haskell died, aged 57. 

Feb. 20. Joseph Barrett died, aged 21. 

Feb. 21. Parmenas Jones died, aged 87. 

Harriet, wife of Gerrit Lansing, Jr., died, 
aged 57. 

Feb. 22. James Boyd died, aged 77. 

Feb. 25. Edwin A. Seymour died in New York, aged 34. 

Feb. 26. Eliza, wife of Henry Morse, died. 

The chamberlain reported the receipts of his office for 
the month of February $32,205-56; expenses, $17,715.54. 
That the cost of the new steam boat for the Greenbush 
ferry was $8,688'25. A resolution passed the board to 
allow the Mohawk and Hudson rail road to be extended 
from Gansevoort street north, to Ferry street. 

March 1. Susan, wife of Isaac La Grange, died, 
aged 31. 

Mary, wife of Matthew Howard, died, aged 51. 

March 2. The Museum Building took fire, and greatly 
damaged that establishment and the stores beneath. 

March 4. Irene, wife of John Rockenstyne, died, 
aged 39. 

Books were opened at the City Hotel for subscriptions 
to the increased stock of the Exchange Bank. 



290 Notes from the Newspapers. 1839. 

March 9. Peter Van Wie died, aged 66. 

March 11. Mary Augusta, wife of Oliver Steele, died, 
aged 37. 

March 13. A fire destroyed a part of Many's furnace, 
in Beaver street. 

March 14. John C. Shifter died, aged 36. 

March 16. H. W. Preston announced that in conse- 
quence of the sudden and unexpected transfer of the 
Theatre to the vestry of St. Paul's Church, which pre- 
vented the fulfillment of many prominent engagements, he 
proposed to erect a new theatre. 

March 21. The carpenter's shopofRuel Clapp, corner 
of Franklin and Bass streets, was burnt. 

March 23. Martha, wife of Denison Worthington, died. 

March 25. The river was open, and the steam boat 
Swallow arrived. 

March, Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer was removed 
from the post office, where he had officiated seventeen 
years. His successor was Azariah C. Flagg. 

April 2. The stable belonging to Hatch's tavern, 
corner of North Market and Orange streets, was burnt, 
with the entire contents including seven horses. 

April 4. Hiram Traver died, aged 28. 

Noadiah Johnson, a senator, from Delaware 
county, died. 

April 9. The Centre Market building took fire, and 
was much damaged. 

April 12. Jacob Hiney died, aged 66. 

April 15. Mary Ann, wife of Richard Bedell, died. 

April 16. Laura Ann, wife of Hiram Perry, died, 
aged 29. 

April 20. 4- fire broke out in the stable of the Pearl 
Street House, which produced the greatest conflagration 
that had occurred in this city for a great many years. 
It burnt down almost the whole square formed by Pearl, 
Lydius, Rose and Hamilton streets ; and the sparks 
from it set fire to an out building in Herkimer street, 
which extended to and destroyed the Methodist Church, 
in that street, and several other buildings. The loss was 
over $100,000. 



1839. Notes from the Newspapers. 291 

April 18. The journeymen masons held a meeting, and 
resolved to require $2 a day for their labor. 

April 22. The chamberlain reported the city finances 
for the last four years as follows : 

1836 1837 1838 1839 

Expenses, 179,172-11 241,681'65 190,658*85 161,128'92 

Taxes, 40,52504 48,845'l4 47,622'57 56,309'06 

Poor tax, 10,000-00 17,000'00 25.009'00 24,000'00 

50,525-54 65,845-14 72,622*57 80,309'06 

April 23. Nancy, widow of Peter Bain died at Gal way. 
Mrs. Wilhelmina Van Schaick died. 

The number of paupers in the Almhouse had steadily 
increased from 257 in Aug., 1835, to 639 in Feb., 1838; 
the number was 527 in April, 1839. 

April 27. Mary Margaret, widow of Capt. Isaac Sea- 
man, died at Schenectady, aged 82. 

April 28. A fire in High street, destroyedjseveral ten- 
ements. 

April 29. Martha, wife of Edward C. Dennison, died, 
aged 47. 

April. The Committee which had been appointed by 
the common council to put a soup house in operation 
during the inclement season, reported that they began to 
deliver soup on the 28th January, and continued it till 
the 26th of March, in all 56 days; that during that time, 
they supplied 306 families, averaging five persons each, 
in all 1,530 persons supplied daily with a pint of soup 
to each person, with a piece of bread and meat to each 
family. The total expenses were $1,473*46 ; received 
from private donations and concert of Sacred Music As- 
sociation, $923'10, leaving $550'36 to be paid by the 
chamberlain, which was a fraction of one-third of a cent 
per day for each person. 

May 5. Richard S. Treat died, aged 37. 

May 6. Garret L. Dox was appointed justice of the 
Justices court. 

Dr. John F. Townsend, aid to Gov. Seward, was 
unanimously elected Brig. General of the 1st Brigade of 
Horse Artillery. 



292 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



2839. 



May 8. 



Aldermen. 



Charter Election ; result as follows : 

WHIGS. First Ward. DEMOCRATS. 

Erastus Corning, 454 

Barent P. Staats, 472 

Benj. Thomas, 4G5 

Adam Todd, 401 

Isaac Denniston, 459 



G. V. S. Bleecker, .. 600 

Ralph Pratt, 591 

Assistants. Jas. McClure, 603 

T. F. Bancroft, 595 

Supervisor. C. W. Bender, 593 



Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Ichabod L. Judson, . . 474 Hiram Perry, 390 

George Merrifield,. . . 475 Daniel S. Kittle, 391 

Assistants. Jesse Buel Jr 476 James M. French, .... 393 

Henry Cassidy, . 391 



Jesse Buel Jr., 476 

Visscher Ten Eyck, . 470 

Supercisor. Wm. Newton, 470 

Third Ward. 

Aldermen. E. W. Skinner, 314 

John Groesbeck, 305 

Assistants. Arnold Nelson 301 

Henry Russell^ 306 

Supervisor. George Dexter, 311 



John I. Burton, 393 

I 

C. A. Ten Eyck, 222 

Seth Hastings, 213 

N. N. QuaUenbush, . . . 213 

Corns. Ten Broeck, . . . 214 

E. R. Satterlee, 215 



Fourth Ward. 



Aldermen. Stephen T. Thorn, .. 513 
J. R, Dickerman, ... 504 

Assistants. Thos. McMullen,... 502 
WVdo Corbit 501 

Supervisor. Henry Greene, 511 



George Handford, 478 

Peter P. Staats, 484 

Peter Cagger, 475 

C. Livingston, 492 

Russell Forsyth, 469 



Fifth Ward. 

Aldermen. Thos. McElroy, 370 A^olphus Colburn, 371 

Timothy Spears, 372 

Richard T. Ferris, .... 376 

George S. Gibbons... .. 372 

J. Van Valkenburgb,.. 349 



Assistants. 
Super vieor. 

May 8. 



Gerrit L. Dox, 370 

Zebina Belknap,.... 360 

Wm. Winne, 364 

Gitas San ford 365 

Gertrude, widow of John Gates, died, aged 85. 
Legislature adjourned. 
May 13. Milo Shaw died, aged 71. 
The North Dutch church relinquished their right to 
dockage at the old Watering place, in payment of a claim 
of the corporation. 

May 19 Sylvester Lyman died, aged 63. 
There were two infant schools in operation at this 
time ; one in Orchard street, and one in Spring street. 
One in the lower part of the city had been closed re- 
cently, and there was a lack of funds to carry on the 
others. During the ten years since they were organized, 



1839. Notes from the Newspapers. 293 

it was estimated that about 6,000 children had been 
benefitted by them. The funds were mostly derived 
from church collections. 

May 20. An election was held to decide whether the 
common council should be authorized to borrow $400,000 
to aid the construction of the Albany and West Stock- 
bridge rail road. The result was 3,245 votes for the 
loan, and 625 against it. This was claimed by the news- 
papers to be the " first strong demonstration in favor of 
internal improvement." 

May 23. Gen. H. V. Du Coudray Holstein, a distin- 
guished officer and diplomat of Bonaparte, died, aged 76. 
He was a native of Germany, but entered the French ser- 
vice, and acquired the confidence of Napoleon. On the 
restoration of the Bourbons, he went to South America, 
where he found scope for his military skill. On leaving 
that service he went to New York, and delivered lectures 
on military tactics, which were attended by the first men 
of that city. He was soon after appointed to fill the 
chair of professor of modern languages, at Geneva college, 
whence he removed to Albany, and taught French in the 
Female Academy, and during his residence here, won 
the esteem of all who knew him. He had resided here 
six years. 

May 27. The common council appointed its city offi- 
cers : George W. Weed, clerk ; Hazael Kane, police 
justice ; Robert H. Pruyn, attorney. 

Thomas M. Gillespie died, aged 40. 

May 28. Welcome Esleeck died, aged 45. 

May 30. Lcvi Steele died, aged 63. 

Catharine, wife of Matthew Logan, died, 

aged 58. 
Col. John B. Manning, died. 

June 5. Susan S., wife of Wm. McCammon, died, 
aged 25. 

June 10. William Gill died, aged 63. 

A bell was directed to be palced in the cupola 
of the Jail, to be rung in cases of fire. 

At a meeting of the common council, a communication 



294 Notes from the Newspapers. 1839. 

was received from Messrs. Thomas W. Olcott, Marcus 
T. Reynolds, and Lewis Benedict, stating that they had 
been appointed a committee by the directors of the Al- 
bany and West Stockbridge Rail Road Company, and 
asked the appointment of a similar committee on the 
part of the board ; whereupon, the mayor appointed 
Messrs. Pratt. Ten Eyck, Skinner and McMullen. 

June 1 1 . Catharine Eliza Todd died, aged 25. 

June 12. Francis Bloodgood was reelected president 
of the New York State Bank, and Rufus H. King, vice- 
president. 

June 17. James Boughton died, aged 21. 

Getty Ten Eyck died, aged 64, at Cazenovia. 

June 25. Mary, wife of Henry H. Buckbee, died, aged 34. 

June 26. Anna, wife of Isaac P. Garrison, died, aged 37. 

July 1. The common council resolved to borrow 
$650>000, with which to purchase $300,000 of the stock 
of the Albany and West Stockbridge rail road, and to 
loan the remainder to subscribers to the stock, to enable 
them to make payments. 

July 4. Thomas Rector, convicted of manslaughter 
in the second degree, for killing young Shepherd, was 
sentenced by Judge Nelson, to seven years of imprison- 
ment. 

July 4. John Bonner died, aged 75. 

The customary oration of the day was de- 
livered by Solomon Southwick, and published by order 
of the common council. 

July 8. Mrs. Martha Bacon, mother of John F. Bacon, 
died, aged 72. 

Thomas Shallow died, aged 53. 
Jacob Brinckerhoff, died. 

July 10. Smith Weed died, aged 85. He was a native 
of Stamford, Conn., and a commissary in the army, 
during most of the revolutionary war. At the battle of 
Danbury, he was badly wounded, and brought off the 
field with difficulty. On the close of the war he became 
an active and energetic merchant. 

July 13. Fanny, wife of Wm. W. Wildman, died, 
aged 40. 



1839. Notes from the Newspapers. 295 

July 13. Ann Jane, wife of Samuel Waddell, died, 
aged 38. 

July 13. Mrs. Chrystie McGlashan died, aged 71. 

July 15. William Vosburgh died, aged 66. 

July 17. Rev. Nathaniel Paul, pastor of the Hamilton 
street Baptist church, died, aged 46. 

Elizabeth, wife of James D. Fisher, died, 
aged 40. 

July 24. Martin Van Buren, president of the United 
States, arrived in the city, and was addressed by Gov. 
Marcy, in front of the City Hall. 

July 25. Joseph H. Gladding died at New Orleans, 
aged 38. 

July 29. Henry Merchant died, aged 35. 

Aug. 6. Sarah, wife of Wm. Chatfield, died, aged 62. 

Aug. 8. Wm. D. McLaughlin died in New York, 
aged 23. 

Aug. 10. Catalina Gibbons, daughter of Sanford Cobb, 
died, aged 20. 

Aug. 15. Nathaniel Carpenter died, aged 37. 

Gloriana, wife of James Wood, died, aged 45. 

Aug. 16. A. D. Campbell, died, aged 37. 

Aug. 17. Jane, widow of John Newton, died, aged 78. 

Henry Clay, the American statesman, arrived in the 
city, and remained at tbe Eagle Tavern, until the morn- 
ing of the 19th, when he took the steam boat to New 
York. He was accompanied from Troy, by Messrs. 
John Townsend, D. D. Barnard, John Bay, in a barouche. 
On entering the city, a very long processsion had joined 
the escort, Gen. Townsend acting as marshal, with 
Messrs. Wm. Bloodgood, R. H. Pruyn, Samuel Van 
Vechten and B. .F Townsend, as assistants. 

Aug. 23. Benjamin Knower died, aged 64. He was 
a resident of the city nearly forty years; and although 
he began life as a mechanic, soon entered upon extensive 
commercial transactions. His career was distinguished 
for enterprise and public spirit, and he passed through it 
with a reputation for integrity unsullied, and for business 
capacity unsurpassed. He was for a long time connected 



Notes from the Newspapers. 1839. 

with, and took an active part in the management of the 
Mechanics and Farmers' bank, of which he was president. 
In 1821, he was solicited to take the office of state 
treasurer, which he held until the fall of 1824, when he 
resigned. Mr. Knower was a hatter by occupation, and 
having many apprentices, most of them, as a matter of 
course, were without pecuniary means, or friends able to 
assist them. He seemed to regard it not only as a duty, 
but a source of personal gratification, to extend to them 
a helping hand at this critical moment in their lives. 
His place of business was a few doors below the corner 
of Hudson street, in Broadway, on the west side. 

The steamboat Albany, Capt. Jenkins, left New York 
at 7h. 13m., and having made 15 landings arrived, at 
her deck at 4h. 20m., performing the trip in 9h. 7m. 

Aug. 28. Eliza, wife of Frederick S. Barnard, died. 

Sept. 1. Covel L'Amoreaux died at Mobile, aged 32. 

Sept. 2. Frederick King died, aged 39. 

The steamboat Rochester, arrived from New York, at 
Ih. 35m. in the morning, having come through, without 
landing, in 8h. 35m. 

It was announced in Southwick's Family Newspaper, 
that Dr. O'Callaghan, one of the exiled patriots of Canada, 
having the reputation of a man of sound learning and 
science, had taken up his residence in Albany, with a 
view of retiring from politics and devoting himself en- 
tirely to his profession, that of a physician. 

Sept. 4. Trinity church was organized. Services 
were held in Westerlo street, between Church and 
Dallius. A week subsequently, the Rev. Isaac Swart 
was chosen rector, and accepted the office. This formed 
the third Episcopal church in Albany. 

Sept. 14. Thomas Robinson died, aged 42. 

Sept. 18. Matthew M. Cole died in Washington. 

Passengers who left New York in the Albany boats, 
arrived at Buffalo in fifty hours, which the Buffalo Com- 
mercial Advertiser thought was as quick travelling as 
any reasonable man could wish. 

Sept. 25. John Van Valkenburgh died in New York, 
aged 29. 



1839. Notes from the Newspapers. 297 

Sept. 25. The steam boat Albany arrived from New- 
York in 8h. 49m. Deducting one hour for making ten 
landings, her running time was 7h. 49m., which had not 
been equaled. 

Sept. 28. Wm. Gough died at Natchitoches, aged 27. 

Oct. 2. Jennet, widow of Henry B. Cook, died, 
aged 47. 

Oct. 6. Jesse Buel died at DaTibury, Conn., aged 63. 
He was a native of Coventry Ct., and was bred a printer, 
He removed to Albany in 1813 from Ulster county, and 
established the Albany ^rgws, and was state printer 
from 1814 to 1821, when he retired to a farm in the 
neighborhood of the city, known as the Albany Nursery. 
He represented the city for a number of years in the legis- 
lature, and was a regent of the University. He was a 
candidate for governor in 1836. But it was as an 
agriculturist that he was preeminent, and had a world- 
wide reputation. 

Jellis D. Winne died at Savannah, aged 29. 

Oct. 8. Asahel North died, aged 53. 

Oct. 15. Margaret, widow of John S. Pruyn, died, 
aged 68. 

Oct. 19. John Meacham died, aged 86. 
Charles W. Hills died, aged 23, 

Rensselaer Van Rensselaer, tried at the United States 
circuit court, on a charge of setting on foot a military 
expedition within the United States against a foreign 
power, was found guilty, and sentenced to six months 
imprisonment, and to pay a fine of $250. 

Dr. Rensselaer Gansevoort died in Louisiana, aged 39. 

Nov. 3. Harriet E., wife of James D. Wasson, 
died. 

Nov. 6. The election closed. Friend Humphrey was 
chosen member of the senate, and H. G. Wheaton mem- 
ber of assembly, and the whig ticket succeeded. 

Nov. 11. At a meeting of the board of common council, 
the following sums of money were voted to be raised by 
tax: 

[ Annals, x.] 26 



298 Notes from the Newspapers. 1839. 

For lamps and city watch, $15,000 

contingencies, 20,000 

interst on city debt, 5,000 

City Hall, 5,000 

building school houses, 2,500 

interest on loan for do, 3,000 

$50,500 

.Nov. 1 2. Phoebe, wife of John McKnight, died, aged 25. 

Nov. 15. Allen Plum died, aged 62. 

Nov. 18. Solomon Southwick died, aged 66. For a 
biographical sketch and portrait of him, see vol. v., p. 
104. 

Margaret McDonald died, aged 45. 

Nov. 19. John F. Dunlop died, late of Boston. 

Nov 24. Mrs. Mary Linacre died, aged 28. 

Nov. 25. Zachariah Booth died, aged 34. 

Nov. 26. Elizabeth, widow of Jeremiah Osborn, died, 
aged 58. 

Nov. 28. Robert Martin, dyer, died, aged 40. 

Nov. 29. Wm. Bridgeford died, aged 50. 

Nov. 30. The sheriff of the county, Michael Artcher, 
having been resisted by the anti-renters in some of the 
towns, called out the posse comitatus. Nearly a thousand 
citizens were called upon to accompany him into the 
fastnesses of the Helderberg. 

Dec. 2. Wm. Lathrop died, aged 42. 

Sarah W., wife of Horace Meacham, died, 
aged 51. 

Dec. 2. The sheriff's posse set out for Reedsville about 
600 strong. They met with no opposition until they 
arrived at a place about four miles beyond Clarkesville, 
when several hundred men on horses opposed their pro- 
gress, and they were forced to turn back. They reached 
their homes about 9 o'clock at night, wearied and worn 
with the fatigue of a march to which they were wholly 
unaccustomed. This was the beginning of what was 
termed the anti-rent war. 

Dec. 7. Harriet Gansevoort died, aged 59. 



1839. Notes from the Newspapers. 299 

Dec. 9. The sheriff proceeded into the anti-rent dis- 
trict, accompanied by several military companies ; they 
halted at Clarke's tavern, in Clarkesville, and established 
military jurisdiction. On the following day, the Gov- 
ernor issued a proclamation declaring his determination 
to maintain the supremacy of the laws. 

Dec. 10. Robert Stewart died, aged 72. 

Dec. 11. Gen. Averill of Montgomery county, arrived 
in town with 500 troops from Montgomery county des- 
tined for the invasion of the Helderberg. The belli- 
gerents finding that formi4able arrangements were being 
made for their overthrow, came in and surrendered. 
The sheriff thereupon, proceeded to serve the processes 
without meeting any opposition, and the Montgomery 
county army had permission to return home. 

Dec. 15. The sheriff with the military companies from 
Albany and Troy, under the command of Maj. Blood- 
good, which had been on duty during the week past, at 
the Helderberg, returned to the city, having marched 
over a heavy road, and through deep snow, 12 miles, 
amid a storm of great severity. They left the city one 
week before in a heavy rain storm, had been on active 
duty during the week, and subjected to many privations 
necessarily incident to so sudden and ill-provided an ex- 
pedition. The military force employed by the sheriff 
consisted of 

Albany Burgesses Corps, Capt. Bayeux. 

Albany Union Guards, Capt. Brown. 

Albany Republican Artillery, Capt. Strain. 

1st Company Van Rensselaer Guards, Capt. Kearney. 

2d Company Van Rensselaer Guards, Capt. Berry. 

Troy Artillery, Capt. Howe. 

Troy Citizens Corps, Capt. Pierce. 

Troy City Guards, Capt. Wickes. 

These companies consisted of the flower of the Cities 
of Albany and Troy, and acquitted themselves with 
great credit under circumstances of great delicacy and 
responsibility. 

Dec. 15. Wm. Crandall died, aged 71. 



300 Notes from the Newspapers. 1839. 

Dec. 19. Wm. Giles Dunlop died, aged 28. 

Dec. 20. Thomas N. Barker died, aged 24. 

The river was closed ; the boats being merely 
able to reach Rhinebeck. 

Dec. 22. William Chadwick died, aged 48. 

Dec. 25. Mrs. Isabella Hunter died, aged 80. 

Dec. 28. Elizabeth, wife of Asahel Hall, died, aged 58. 

Dec. 29. Francis Horth died, aged 41. 

Dec. 30. Jared L. Rathbone was reelected mayor of 
the city. 

The chamberlain's report of the receipts and expenses 
of the Greenbush ferry showed a profit of $828'42, for 
the year 1839. 

1840. 

Jan. 3. Mrs. Sophia Willard died, aged 67. 

Jan. 6. Mrs. Susannah Miller died, aged 73. 

George Combe, of Edinburg, delivered a course of lec- 
tures on Phrenology at the Female Academy. The fine 
collection of busts in that institution was purchased of 
him. 

Jan. 1 1. Janet, widow of Donald Frazer, died, aged 66. 

Jan. 13. Mrs. Hannah Dillingham died, aged 75. 

Jan. 19. James Millbank died, aged 48. 

Jan. 25. Hugh Johnson died, aged 48. 

Jan. 30. Clarissa, wife of Robert Thompson, died. 

Jan. 31. Mrs. Caroline Vanderhoof died, aged 38. 

A meeting was held in the vestry of St. Peter's church, 
lo organize a society for the purpose of providing a con- 
venient place of worship for boatmen and others. 
Thaddeus Joy was appointed chairman, and James 
Taylor secretary. A committee was appointed to make 
preliminary arrangements, consisting of E. P. Prentice, 
Israel Williams, Thomas McElroy, Daniel Peck, Wm. 
E. Bleecker, and the chairman and secretary. 

Feb. 3. Arriet, wife of Solomon Van Rensselaer, 
died, aged 65. 

Feb. 4. At the annual election of the Young Men's 



' I ' 

4 ! 

T y 

1840. Notes from the Newspapers. 301 

, 

Association for Mutual Improvement in the City of Al- 
bany, the following officers were chosen for the ensuing 
year : 

Wm. E. Bleecker, president. 

Charles T. Smyth, Robert S. Cushman, Arthur 

C. Southwick, vice presidents. 
Cornelius Ten Broeck, cor. secretary. 
Stephen D. Van Schaick, rec. secretary. 
Charles L. Garfield, treasurer. 

Feb. 8. The carpenter shop of John Boardman, 27 
Beaver street, was burnt; loss $1,200, insured $500. 
Feb. 10. Mrs. Harriet TLansing died, aged 56. 
Feb. 11. Maria, wife of E. M. Courtright, died, aged 32. 
Polly, wife of Rev. Nathaniel Smith, died, 

aged 79. 
Feb. 12. Richard Watson died, aged 43. 

Dr. Benj. Shelton died at Mishawaka, Ind., 

aged 27. 

Feb. 17. Mary, wife of Dr. John Fisher, died. 
Feb. 20. Henry Diblee died, aged 62. 

Elizabeth, widow of H. G. Spafford, died. 
Feb. 21. The stables corner of Eagle and Hudson st. 
belonging to Mr. St. John, were burnt. 

Mrs. Susannah Lansing died. 

Feb. 22. St. Paul's church in South Pearl street, was 
consecrated by Rt. Rev. Bishop Onderdonk. 

Feb. 23. Mrs. Cornelia Hallenbake died, aged 92. 

The post office was removed in the Exchange 

building. 

Feb. 26. The river was open and the Kosciusko ar- 
rived from New York. 

March 1. Mrs. Margaret Russell died, aged 80. 
March 2. The river was open and the steam boat 
Utica arrived. 

The grade of Lodge street between Howard 

and Beaver, was established. 
March 4. Moses B. Ward died, aged 22. 
March 5. Francis Bloodgood died, aged 72. He had 
been during forty years a useful and respectable citizen. 



302 Notes from the Newspapers. 1840. 

He was a graduate of Yale College, pursued the profes- 
sion of the law, and was many years clerk of the supreme 
court ; several years mayor of the city ; at the time of his 
death he was president of the State Bank, of which he 
was one of the founders, and the last of the original 
board of directors of that bank. He was distinguished 
for the excellence of his disposition and the integrity of 
his character. 

March 15. Ann Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Todd, died, 
aged 29. 

John F. Bacon for many years clerk of the 
senate, was appointed consul for the port of Nassau. 

March 16. Teuhis Van Vechten was elected president 
of the Albany Insurance Company to fill the vacancy 
occasioned by the death of Francis Bloodgood. Rufus 
H. King was also elected president of the New York State 
Bank, to succeed Mr. Bloodgood. 

March 24. Dr. Ashbel Steele Webster died, aged 44. 
William Blackall died, aged 73. 

March 25. George Webb died, aged 27. 

March 30. Wm. W. Coughtry died. 

April 3. Alda, widow of Robert Dunbar, Jr., died, 
aged 67. 

April 4. Dr. Stephen Arnold, died, aged 47. 

April 10. Gertrude, wife of Jeremiah Smith, died, 
aged 77. 

April 13. The common council appropriated $50 to- 
wards purchasing a bell for the Third Dutch Reformed 
Church in Ferry street. 

April 16. Mary, wife of James Sickles, died, aged 66. 

April 18. A meeting of citizens was held at the Ca- 
pitol, to deliberate on the construction of the Albany and 
West Stockbridge rail road ; Jared L. Rathbone chair- 
man, Thomas W. Olcott and Erastus Corning vice-chair- 
men ; H. G. Wheaton and J. Q. Wilson secretaries. A 
series of resolutions was introduced by S. De Witt 
Bloodgood, for the active prosecution of the enterprise. 

April 21. An ostensorium, partly silver, was stolen 



1840. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



303 



out of St. John's church in this city; a reward of $100 
was offered for the thief. 

The chamberlain reported the city debt to be 
$388,187-29. The receipts for the past year were 
$254,832-39 ; expenditures $246,055*47. 
April 23. Andrew Kerker died, aged 23. 
April 24. William Boyd died, aged 65. 
April 26. Israel Williams died, aged 55. 

Alexander Cameron died, aged 39. 
Mary, wife of Henry Smith, died, aged 29. 
Wm. W. Staats, formerly of Albany, died at 

Penn Yam 

April 27. Jared L. Rathbone resigned the office of 
mayor of the city. 

April 29. Mary, wife of Robert Morrow, died. 
April 30. Orren Lincoln died, aged 47. 
May 5, Charter election ; polls open one day from 
9 A. M. to 6 P. M. The whigs carried the city. " 
WHIGS. DEMOCRATS. 

First Ward. 



Mayor, 
Aldermen, 

Assistants, 

Mayor, 
Aldermen, 


Jared L. Rathbone,.. 651 Erastus Corning, 
G. V. S. Bleecker,... 666 Barent P. Staats, 
John D. Hewson,... 660 A. C. Southwick, 
James McClure,.... 670 Isaiah Townsend, 
Wm. Broadman,.... 669 Stephen G. Mink, 
Second Ward. 
Jared L. Rathbone, .. 512 Erastus Corning, 
George Merri field,. . . 507 Daniel S. Kittle, 


501 
488 
473 
474 
474 

389 
386 
412 


Assistants, 
Mayor, 


Thos. Kirkpatrick,.. 504 Nathaniel Gallup, 
Spencer S. Benedict, . 504 John McKnight, 
Third Ward. 
Jared L. Rathbone,. . 361 Erastus Corning 


390 
390 

^67 


Aldermen, 


John Groesbeck, . . . . 372 Seth Hastings 


<M8 




Arnold Nelson,..*.. 349 Beriah Douglas 


237 


Assistants, 
Mayor, 


Henry Russell, 354 N. N. Quakenbush, 
S. Van Vecthen, 365 C. Ten Broeck, 
Fourth Ward. 


249 
261 

f>?S 


Aldermen, 


James Robinson, .... 551 G Hanford 


508 




Joel R. Dickerman,.. 556 C. Vosburgh, 


504 


Assistants, 


Thos. McMullen, . . . 540 P. Cagger 


513 




H. C. Whelplty 540 J. Osborn,. , 


516 



304 Notes from the Newspapers. 1840. 

WHIG. DEMOCRAT. 

Fifth Ward. 

Mayor, Jared L. Rathbone, . . 410 Erastus Corning, 414 

dldermcn, Thos. McElroy, 435 R. [.Ferris, 385 

Zebina Belknap, 413 C. Chapman,* 413 

Assistants, J. M. D. Mclntyre, . 423 H. Q. Hawley, 400 

N.G.King, 427 A.Carroll, 398 

May 5. Gerrit R. Van Zandt died, aged 72. 
May 9. Edmund B. Child died ; several years printer 
of the American Masonic Record, and of the Albany 
Directory. 

May 14. The legislature adjourned, having passed 318 
laws. 

A person of infinite leisure took the following account 
of vehicles and persons that passed the Montgomery 
Hall in South Market street, below Hudson, between the 
hours of 4 o'clock in the morning and 8 in the evening, 
after which hour he ceased to keep count, although more 
were then passing than at any previous hour. 

Foot, 9,762 

Wagons 407 

Stages, 146 

Carts,., 193 

Horse and man, 41 

The expenditures of the Fire Department for six 
years ending May 1st, were as follows : 

1835 $3,477-16 1838 $ 3,834-60 

1836 5,679-69 1839 4,107'98 

1837 6,847-94 1840 10,950-30 

May 15. Catharine, widow of Capt. Hugh Boyd, died, 
aged 67. 

Stephen Lush Bradford died. 

June 1. Barent Bleecker, died, aged 80. He was 
some time president of the Bank of Albany. 
June 7. John D. Barry, pilot, died, aged 40. 

Judith, widow of Capt. Elihu S. Bunker, 
died, aged 59. 

# There were two ballots for C. Chapman which were counted and 
gave him a seat in the board. 



1840. Notes from the Newspapers. 305 

June 14. Wm. J. Staats died, aged 29. 

June 16. Judah Colt died, aged 33. 

Edward Livingston died, a public man of distinction 
and talents; had been clerk of the assembly, district at* 
torney, city representative, and speaker of the assembly. 
John Selkirk died. 

June 26. Ann Elizabeth, wife of Azor Taber, died, 
aged 25. 

Mrs. Mary Milway died, aged 60. 
Frederick P. James died, aged 42. 

June 27. The friends of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too," 
raised a log cabin on the corner of Maiden lane and 
Dean street, as a part of the election machinery of what 
was termed the hard cider campaign. Persons from 
every town in the county assisted with enthusiasm in the 
construction, and it was finished in one day. At 12 
o'clock the workmen were called to dinner by the 
blowing of a horn, in the loft of Grenville Slack's store, 
on the opposite corner; it consisted of corn bread baked 
by Stephen Paddock, pork and beans, cold ham, &c., 
and cider. 

Ben. Atkins died, aged 44. 

June 29. Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the late 
Benjamin V. Clench, died. 

June 30. James Merrifield died, aged 52. 

July 4. The oration on the occasion of this anniver- 
sary was delivered by Uriah Marvin, Jr.; reading the 
Declaration by George Vance, Jr. 

At the celebration by the Young Men's Association, 
the oration was delivered by Robert H. Pruyn ; the De- 
claration was read by B. R. Spelman ; poem by Thomas 
H. Cushman. 

July 6. James Hooghkirk died, aged 37. 

July 14. Annah Elizabeth, wife of John S. Goold, 
died, aged 23. 

July 15. Robert Packard, late of the firm of Packard 
and Van Benthuysen, died, aged 66. 

July 19. Linas McCabe died at Ballston. 

July 20. A petition was presented to the common 



306 Notes from the Newspapers. 1840. 

council, signed by Dr. Charles D. Townsend and 180 
others, owners and occupants of property in North 
Market street, praying that the name of said street 
might be changed to Broadway. 

A remonstrance of Teunis Van Vechten and 60 others 
was presented against the proposed change. 

The name of Capitol street was changed to Park 
street. 

July 23. Elijah Brainerd died, aged 56. 

July 25. Joseph L'Amoreux died, aged 56. 

July 26. Daniel Manning died, aged 38. 

July 27. Rev. Robert McKee died, aged 42. 
Peter Germond died, aged 60. 

July 28. Isaac Van Wie died, aged 65. 

July 30. Dr. P. C. Dorr died, aged 42. 

July 31. William Smith died, aged 60. 

Aug. 2. Margarette Ryckman died, aged 72. 

Aug 3. Catharine, wife of John S. Putnam, died at 
Buffalo, aged 20. 

The common council resolved to change the name of 
North Market street to Broadway, by the following 
vote : Ayes Messrs. Boardman, Groesbeck, King. Me- 
Elroy, Mclntyre, Merrifield, Nelson, Robinson, Ten Ejck, 
9. Noes Messrs. Hewson, McClure, Van Vechten, 3. 

Aug. 5. Alexander Cumming died, aged 76. 
Rebecca Hendrickson died, aged 46. 

Aug. 10. Caleb Johnson died, aged 49. 

Aug. 18. Nelson Sweet died, aged 43. 

Mrs. Matilda Cunningham died, aged 43. 

Aug. 20. Richard Marvin died, aged 53. He was a 
native of Lyme, Conn., and had been successfully en- 
gaged in business here upwards of thirty years. He was 
for a long time a frequent contributor to the columns of 
the Daily Advertiser, and was peculiarly felicitous and 
pungent in his style. The very happy and beautiful 
sketch of the reception of Lafayette in 1824 was from his 
pen. 

Aug. 22. The draw of the bridge across the basin at 
the foot of State street fell, while a large crowd was 



1840. Notes from the Newspapers. 307 

standing upon it, attracted by the attempt of an insane 
man to escape, and 21 persons were drowned. 
Aug. 25. Mary Pettinger died, aged 59. 

Barent G. Staats died, aged 78. 

Aug. 26. George Kirk died, aged 81 ; father of the 
Rev. E. N.Kirk. 

Wm. Mclntosh died, aged, 28. 

Aug. 30. Elizabeth Anne, wife of Marcus T. Reynolds, 
died. 

Sept. 6. Nelson W. Scoville died at Gaines, Orleans 
county. 

Sept. 9. The Eureka, steam boat, Capt. Sherman, 
made her first appearance at the dock. The engines 
and boilers of the late Novelty were transferred to this 
boat. 

Sept. 10. Jesse H. Montgomery died, aged 30. 

Sept. 16. Wilhelmus Ryckman died, aged 81. 

Sept. 19. A daily campaign paper, called the The 
Unionist, was commenced, edited by C. Loveridge and 
others. 

Sept. 21. Lansing Visscher died, aged 42. 

Sept. 24. John D. Smith died, aged 46. 

The steam boat Albany made her trip in 8h. 27 Jm. 

Sept. 28. Mrs. Catharine Bonner died, aged 69. 

Oct. 3. Elisha Kane died at Washington, where he 
was navy agent, aged 63. He was long time a merchant 
of distinction in New York. 

Oct. 6. Charles B. Fry died, aged 26. 

Oct. 7. John Abbott died at Georgetown, D. C., aged 
71. He was a native of Albany, and at one time en- 
gaged in commerce at St. Domingo, whence he escaped 
with the loss of his property during the massacre at that 
place. 

Francis Walsh died, aged 29. 

Oct. 13. Elizabeth Wendell died in Hudson. 

Oct. 22. Jonathan Hoard, a soldier of the Revolution, 
died, aged 87. 

Oct. 23. Mary Cassidy died, aged 52. 

Oct. 29. Charles Cotton died, aged 32. 



308 Notes from the Newspapers. 1840. 

Oct. 30. John Cutler died, aged 55. 
Nov. 8. Nancy, widow of John Gray, died, aged 49. 
Nov. 12. Calvert Chad wick died, aged 45. 
Nov. 13. Charlotte, widow of Benj. D. Packard, died, 
aged 52. 

Nov. 15. John S. Godley died, aged 26. 

Maria L., daughter of the late Dr. Elias 

Willard died. 
Edward H. Cooke, formerly of Albany, died 

at Little Rock, Arkansas. 
Lois Maria, wife of Henry Holmes, died, 

aged 33. 

Nov. 18. At a meeting of the St. Nicholas Benevolent 
Society, held at the Mansion House, the following were 
elected officers for the ensuing year : 
Harmanus Bleecker, president. 

Tennis Van Vechten, John S. Van Rensselaer and J. 
V. L. Pruyn, vice-presidents. 
Robert H. Pruyn, secretary. 
Charles B. Lansing, treasurer. 
Isaac N. Wyckoff and Samuel Kissam, chaplains. 
John S. Van Alstyne and John H. Trotter, physicians. 
Wm. H. Fonday, B. S. Van Rensselaer, C. Ten Broeck, 
J. C. Van Schoonhoven, P. W. Groot, S. Van Vechten. 
P. E. Elmendorf, Francis Pruyn, A. Van Vechten, P. 
G. Dox, managers. 

John V. D. H. Van Wie died, aged 24. 
Cornelia, wife of Lawrence L. Schuyler, 

died, aged 33. 

Nov. 19. Minerva, wife of George Wait, died, aged 25. 
Nov. 20. Lucy, widow of Ephraim Snow, died, aged 60. 

Alvin F. Baldwin died, aged 45. 

Nov. 24. Jane Elizabeth, wife of H. H. Little, died, 
aged 24. 

Nov. 26. David A. Kerker died, aged 28. 
Nov. 27. Mary, wife of David Hosford, died, aged 54. 
Nov. 27. William S. Boyd died, aged 32. 
It appeared by the report of the harbor master, that 
the trade and commerce of the city was as follows: 



1840. Notes from the Newspapers. 309 

Steam boats, 27 

Tow boats 51 

Schooners, 166 

Sloops, 202 

Scows, I 

Brigs, 1 

Total tonnage, 39,016 

Nov. 29. Thaddeus Kingsley died, aged 82 ; a soldier 
of the revolution. 

Nov. 30. Mrs. Catharine Coyne died, aged 28. 
Dec. 1. Mrs. Eleanor Lloyd died, aged 74. 
Dec. 4. Margaret, wife of James Young, died, aged 71. 
The population of the city was reported by the can- 
vassers to have been 33,627, being an increase of about 
36 per cent in the lapse of ten years ; the population of 
1830 was 24,209. 

White White Colored Colored 

males. females. males, females. Total. 

First Ward, 4,531 4,810 197 245 9,783 

Second " 3,i92 3,483 56 69 6,800 

Third *' 1,902 2135 38 65 4.140 

Fourth " 3,418 3,666 61 80 7,225 

Fifth " 2,686 2,927 26 40 5,679 

15,729 17,021 378 499 33,627 

The population in 1835 was 28,109. 

Dec. 16. Jane Ann Morrison died, aged 22. 

Dec. 21. Mary, wife of Alex. H. Beatty, died, aged 46. 

The common council were making examinations with 
a view to introducing water from the Patroon's creek. 
James McClure from the select committee on the subject 
reported that Mr. Van Rensselaer would lease water 
from the creek for $800 per annum. A survey was ad- 
vised, and an application to the legislature for a charter. 

Dec. 24. Benjamin Covell, a revolutioner, died, aged 
88; formerly of Troy. 

Dec. 27. Sarah Jane, wife of Tho. Dobbs, died, aged 39. 

Dec. 28. Jacob Leddings, convicted of the murder of 
his wife in Bethlehem, was executed in the jail. 

Dec. 30. Cornelia, widow of N. Kittle, died,aged 78 

[Annals, x.] 27 



310 Notes from the Newspapers. 1840. 

Dec. 31. A meeting of citizens was held at the Young 
Men's Association rooms to take into consideration the 
propriety and importance of purchasing a plat of ground 
for a new public cemetery. Archibald Mclntyre was 
called to the chair, and Ira Harris appointed secretary. 
Resolutions were reported by a committee consisting of 
Teunis Van Vechten, Amos Dean, Marcus T. Reynolds, 
Thomas W. Olcott, Gerrit Y. Lansing and Lewis Ben- 
edict. A committee was chosen to select a site and sug- 
gest a plan of organization, which consisted of B. T. 
Welch, Stephen Van Rensselaer, John A. Dix, John Q. 
Wilson, James Homer, Anthony M. Strong, Peter Ganse- 
voort, Thomas W. Olcott, Ezra P. Prentice, John Y. 
Wendell, Ellis Baker, Ira Harris, Otis Allen. 

Dec. 31. James W. Daniels died at Woodstock, New 
Brunswick, aged 27. 

1841. 

Jan. 5. The publishers of the New York American 
ran an express from this city to New York in 12h. 40m. 
This was thought to have been the quickest trip ever 
made by land. 

Jan. 8. The warm rain which had fallen in torrents 
during two days, cleared the ice from the river, and 
flooded the streets near the docks. 

Jan. 9. The freshet was within a few inches as high 
as the extraordinary one of 1839, and every thing in the 
lower part of the city was afloat. 

Jan. 10. Josiah Burton died in New York, aged 34. 

James McKown resigned the office of recorder, which 
he had held fifteen years with distinguished ability. 
During the term of his office he had often presided in the 
mayor's court, without ever losing a day. He was suc- 
ceeded by William Parmelee. 

Jan. 13. Mrs. Ann Thomas died, aged 85. 

Jan. 19. William Bement died, aged 75. 

Jan. 20. Jacob T. B. Van Vechten died, aged 40 ; 
some time judge-advocate-general of the state. 

Jan. 23. Charles E. Dudley died, aged 60. His father 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 311 

was the king's collector of the customs in Rhode Island, 
at the commencement of the Revolution, and educated 
his son at Newport ; who came to Albany in 1819, ar.d 
engaged in mercantile pursuits, during which he made 
one or more voyages to India. He had filled the offices 
of mayor of the city, and state and United States senator; 
and his name was associated with most of the improve- 
ments of the day. 

Jan. 30. A meeting of citizens was held at the Young 
Men's Association rooms to take into consideration the 
propriety of an application to the legislature for a charter 
to build a bridge across the Hudson river at this city. 
The mayor presided, and the meeting was addressed by 
Samuel Stevens and John V. L. Pruyn. The frequent 
breaking up of the ice during this winter, which rendered 
the river impassable for many days, and the near comple- 
tion of the rail road to communicate with Boston were 
thought to be strong and sufficient reasons for providing 
without delay the means of crossing the river at all times. 
A committee was appointed to make the proposed appli- 
cation to the legislature, and to take all other necessary 
steps to expedite the business in hand. 

Jan. 31. Hannah, wife of Edwin Thomas, died, aged 39. 

Feb. 4. Thomas Waugh died, aged 37. 

Feb. 5. Mary Sanford, wife of Peter Gansevoort, died, 
aged 27. 

Hugh H. Van Steenbergh died, aged 21. 

Feb. 6. Cornelia Maria, wife of Moses Cooke, died. 

Feb. 10. Matthew Gill died, aged 68. 

Feb. 12. Anne, wife of C. F. Pruyn, died at Bath, 
Rens. Co., aged 47. 

Feb. 15. Mrs. Janet Winton died, aged 68. 

Lydia Sybil, daughter of Oliver Kane, died 
in New York. 

Feb. 18. Ann, widow of George Knower, died, aged 60. 

Feb. 19. Mr. Nichols, manager of the Amphitheatre 
appropriated the profits of the performances to the Ap- 
prentices' library, which yielded $173. The tragedy of 
George Barnwell was enacted on the occasion. 



312 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

Feb. 20. James G. Brooks, formerly editor of the Al- 
bany Daily Advertiser, died. 

Feb. 23. At a special meeting of the common council, 
Mr. McElroy from the committee to whom the subject 
was referred, reported favorably on dividing the city into 
ten wards, and the holding of the annual charter election 
on the second Tuesday in April, the day on which the 
town elections are held, and the charter election in New 
York also. It was thought that this change would 
prevent the presence of traveling voters. Application 
was directed to be made to the legislature for the pro- 
posed changes in the charter. 

Feb. 26. James Aikman, late of Albany, died at 
'Charleston, S. C. 

March 1. E. P. Prentice and others, owners of pro- 
perty in Fox street, petitioned the common council to 
change the name of that street to Canal street. 

March 3. The chief engineer of the fire department 
reported that for a period of more than six months there 
had been but three fires, and the total loss occasioned by 
them, did not exceed $250. 

March 4. A jubilee was held by the friends of William 
Henry Harrison, who assumed the duties of president on 
this day. The ceremonies began with the firing of cannon 
at sunrise; fire works were displayed in the evening at 
the Capitol, and an inauguration ball closed the pro- 
gramme. 

David Godden died, aged 58. 

March 6. N. L. Arms died, aged 47. 

March 7. Hetty, wife of John Van Zandt, died. 

March 10. Dinah, wife of Peter Keyser, died, aged 36. 

March 13. Catherine Augusta, daughter of John Trot- 
ter, died, aged 25. 

March 14. Augustus C. Dutcher, died at Mobile, aged 
27. 

March 21. Jotham Hancock died at Suffield, Conn., 
aged 48. 

March 21. Joseph Ives died, aged 55; formerly a highly 
respectable merchant, but for many years the victim of 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 313 

an incurable lunacy, which led him to enact the most 
singular and grotesque freaks. 

March 23. The ice broke up opposite the city, but re- 
mained firm below. 

March 26. The steam boat Utica, Capt. Shultz, ar- 
rived, the first boat of the season. The river had been 
frozen up nearly four months. 

The assembly committee on the bridge over the Hudson 
at Albany, reported adversely. 

Henry A. Bancraft died at Sandy Hill, aged 42. 

Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer was reinstated in the 
post office, from which he had been removed but a short 
time before. 

March 27. Henry G. Wheaton was appointed district 
attorney of the county of Albany. 

March 29. Elizabeth Van Rensselaer, widow of John 
Bleecker, died, aged 73. 

March 30. Susan, wife of William Cooper, died. 

April 2. Timothy Powers, a revolutionary soldier, 
died, aged 90. 

April 3. William Akin died at Greenbush, aged 73. 

April 4, Edmund Van Loon died, aged 24. 

April 5. William Easton died, aged 77. 

April 6. Intelligence of the death of president Har- 
rison was received. 

April 10. Funeral honors were paid to the late presi- 
dent Harrison. The exercises were held in the Second 
Presbyterian church, and in the evening of the following 
day, the fire department had a torch light procession ; it 
was delayed by the inclement weather. 

April 11. Lydia, widow of Matthew Visscher, died, 
aged 88. 

April 13. The charter election resulted as follows: 

WHIG. DEMOCRAT. 

First Ward. 

.Mayor, Teunis Van Vechten, 89 G. Y. Lansing, 205 

dldcrmen, Joseph Fry, 95 John Simpson, 203 

Wm. Bissell, SI Francis Bryan 206 

Supervisor, Peter Van Buren, 73 Andrew Moore, 229 



314 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

Second Ward. 

Mayor, Teunis Van Vechten, 207 G. Y. Lansing, 266 

Aldermen, Thomas Guest, 222 Thos. Blank, 255 

Daniel Ffy, 209 W. P. Malburn, 265 

Supervisor, Peter Van Buren, 216 Andrew Moore, 259 

Third Ward. 

Mayor, Teunis Van Vechten, 364 G. Y. Lansing, 230 

Aldermen, G. V. S. Bleecker, . . 382 B. W. Hand, 333 

Wm. Stead, 371, John J. Hill, 306 

Supervisor, C. W. Bender, 372 Lemuel Steele, 326 

Fourth Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, 419 G.Y.Lansing, 284 

Aldermen, John D. Hewson, . . . 441 Samuel Cheever, 266 

Chas. S. Olmsted, ... 420 Benj. Thomas, 270 

Supervisor, Horace Meech, 441 Philip Phelps, 268 

Fifth Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, 273 G. Y. Lansing, 261 

.4ldermen, J. Q. Wilson, 274 John K. Paige, 26 1 

R.C.Russell, 269 Ed. Brinckerhoof, 254 

Supervisor, Geo. Dexter, 283 E. R. Satterlee, 255 

Sixth Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, 275 G.Y.Lansing, 185 

.Aldermen, Thos. McElroy, 244 D. V. N. Radcliff,. . . . 168 

Thaddeus Joy, 275 C. Ten Broeck, 220 

Supervisor, Samuel Prnyn, 277 A. Colburn, 181 

Seventh Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, 178 G. Y. Lansing, 252 

Aldermen, Jas. F. Whitney 177 Chas. Chapman, 254 

John W. Cluett,.'... 182 John Kenyon 244 

Supervisor, J. M. Newton, 161 D. D . Shaw, 264 

Eighth Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, 132 G.Y.Lansing, 267 

Aldermen, Wm. Davis, 135 John McKnight, 272 

John Pemberton, 133 Wm. B. Stanton, 258 

Supervisor, Wm. B. Scott, 148 Jas. A. Putnam, 247 

Ninth Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, .. 325 G. Y. Lansing, 229 

Aldermen, Geo. Merrifield, 341 Eli Perry, 248 

Thos. Kirkpatrick,.. 335 J. Smith Jr., 175 

Supervisor, J. D. Livingston, .. 350 D. H. Cary, 215 

Tenth Ward. 

Mayor, T. Van Vechten, 187 G.Y.Lansing, 160 

Aldermen, Michael Artcher, 191 R. W. Peckham, 170 

Joshua I. Jones,.... 179 Jacob Henry, 158 

Supervisor, J. D. Livingston,... 187 D. H. Cary, 164 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 315 

April 16. The steam boat South America arrived, to 
take the place of the Rochester in the People's line. 

April 18. Hosea Hewlet died, aged 53. 

April 21. Daniel Peck died, aged 55. 

April 26. The name of Bass street was changed to 
Bleecker street, in honor of G. V. S. Bleecker. 

Isaac A. Quakenbush died at Schenectady, aged 74. 
He had recently resided at Erie, Pa., and was a lawyer. 

April 27. Mrs. Catharine Phelps died, aged 78. 

An act passed the legislature incorporating 
the Albany Gas Light Company. 

April 28. Mrs. Maria Dennitton died, aged 89. 

April 29. Ariantje Wendell died at Greenwich, aged 92. 

April 30. Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Norton, died, 
aged 77. 

May 1. Simon Glen died, aged 68. 

The low buildings, south-west corner of State and 
Broadway, were taken down, and a four story block 
erected, known as Douw's Building. 

May 2. A great snow storm set in about noon. The 
river was already so much swollen by rains, as to over- 
flow the docks. 

May 3. The trustees of the newly organized synagogue 
of Beth Jacob applied to the common council for a burial 
ground. 

May 6. Rhoda, wife of Charles Barker, died. 

May 7. Gertrude, wife of Cornelius Duane and 
daughter of the late Wm. Robison of this city, died in 
Schenectady, aged 28. 

May 8. It was announced as a march of improvement 
that some one had started a cab in the city. That kind 
of vehicle entirely disappeared in 1857. 

May 10. James Carmichael died, aged 68. 
James Requa died, aged 52. 

May 11. Waldo Corbit died, aged 44. 

May 12. George W. Weed was reelected clerk of the 
common council. 

May 13. Lydia, widow of Salem Butcher, died, aged 
63. 



316 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

The steamboat Troy made the down ward trip from 
Albany to New York in 8h. 10|m,, which was claimed as 
the quickest trip that had ever been made. 
May 20. Levi S. Chapman died at sea. 
May 21. The common council resolved to remove the 
South Market and lease the ground for a steam boat 
landing, $1,500 per annum being offered for it on a lease 
of five years. 

May 22. Thomas B. Hewson died, aged 37. 

Parmelia, wife of Wynant Crannell, died, 

aged 39. 

May 23. George Loomis died, aged 79. 
May 25. The Jewish Congregation of Beth Jacob de- 
dicated their synagogue No. 8 Rose street, believed to be 
the first in the city. 

Charles L. Astin died, aged 26 ; formerly at- 
tached to the Amphitheatre. 
The books for subscriptions to the Albany 
Gas Light Company were opened. 

26. The legislature adjourned after a session of 140 
days, and the passage of 352 laws. 

May 31. William Hughes died ; he had long occupied 
the Mineral Spring Garden. 

The chamberlain reported the city debt to be $395, 
532.43. The actual cash receipts were $241,662*46 ; 
the expenditures $237,739*13. 

June 1. Richard Rosekrans died, aged 20. 
June 3. Eunice Eliza, wife of Solomon Drullard, 
died, aged 30. 

June 5. Mrs. Mary Ann Dey Ermand, died, aged 54. 
June 7. Elizabeth, wife of William C. Locherty, died, 
aged 41. 

Wm. Brandon died, aged 27. 
Mrs. Sarah Goodwin, died, aged 69. 
June 9. Sarah, wife of Jacob N. Clute, died, aged 85. 
June 14. The common council after several unsuccess- 
ful attempts during more than a month, succeeded in 
electing officers. 

Hazael Kane, police justice. 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 317 

June 14. Robert H. Prtiyn, city attorney. 

W. R. Coulson and Calvin Pierson, high con- 
stables. 

June 16. Aaron Thorpe died, aged 52. 

June 18. Reuben Fuller died, aged 72. 

June 20. James King, an eminent lawyer, died, aged 
52. He had been a member of the board of regents of 
the university, and since the death of Simeon De Witt, 
chancellor. 

June 21. Samuel S. Lush, an eminent lawyer, and 
some time a member of assembly, died, aged 58. 

June 22. A fire on the dock destroyed five small 
buildings of little value, but a laboring man lost his 
chest containing $240. It was the largest fire that had 
occurred for nearly a year. 

June 28. A law was passed by the common council 
for filling a part of the Hudson street pond. 

Suly 2. Alexander Davidson, died, aged 80. 

July 4. There were three distinct celebrations of the 
day. 

The civic and military procession marched to the 
North Methodist church, where the oration was pro- 
nounced by John A. Dix, and the Declaration read by 
Thomas McMullen. 

The Young Men's Association marched to the Second 
Presbyterian church, where the oration was delivered by 
Arthur C. Southwick, and the Declaration read by E. 
N. Horsford, and a poem by F. W. Cole. 

The Temperance societies made a procession through 
the principal streets to the Second Reformed Dutch 
church, where an oration was delivered by Benj. Nott, 
and the Declaration was read by Matthew Trotter. 

July 9. Catharine, wife of Charles Coates, died. 

July 11. Mrs. Angeline Brinkerhoff died, aged 63. 

July 12. Charles R. Wands died in New York, aged 47. 

July 13. Andrew Berger died, aged 72. 

July 14. Thomas Morgan, died, aged 84. 

A Bethel church was opened on the pier, near the 



318 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

Hamilton street bridge, for the accommodation of such 
as were employed upon the river and canal. 

July 20. A meeting of citizens was held at the Capitol 
for the purpose of interchanging opinions in regard to a 
general bankrupt law. The meeting was called to order 
by John Q. Wilson, gu whose motion Thaddeus Joy was 
appointed chairman. Officers were appointed, Teunis 
Van Vechten, president; and resolutions were offered by 
John S. Van Rensselaer, expressive of the expediency of 
the measure, and a committee appointed to proceed to 
Washington with them. 

July 22. A meeting of mechanics was held at the 
City Hall, who were opposed to the system of state 
prison labor then in vogue, by which advantageous con- 
tracts were made by manufacturers for prison labor, 
which were disadvantageous to the state, and injurious 
to the industrial classes by reason of the competition it 
engendered. George Vance, sen., presided, and the 
meeting was addressed by H. H. Van Dyck. Although 
a considerable effort was made by the mechanics of the 
state to abate some of the evils complained of, nothing 
of importance was effected. 

July 23. Ann Eliza, wife of James Christie, died, 
aged 27. 

July 26. The common council removed Hazael Kane 
from the office of police justice. 

July 27. The Board of Trade was organized, George 
W. Stanton, chairman; Daniel Fry, secretary; a constitu- 
tion was adopted. 

July 29. James Born died, aged 28. 

Aug. 1. Maria Gansevoort died, aged 90. 

Aug. 9. Cicero Loveridge was elected police justice. 
Charlotte, wife of Edward M. Larcher, died, 
aged 41. 

Aug. 10. Lydias, widow of Stephen Lush, died, aged 82. 

Aug. 13. John Fisher died, aged 81 ; a native of Scot- 
land. 

Cathline, widow of Henry Van Benthuysen, 
died, aged 79. 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 319 

Aug. 15. Martha, wife of Robert Bromley, died, aged 
65. 

Aug. 16. A fire destroyed all the out houses belonging 
to the Almshouse ; loss $4,000. 

Aug. 22. John Ezra Reese died, aged 28. 

Aug. 24. Albert Ryckman died, aged 77. 

Mrs. Susanna Van Heusenburgh died , aged 85. 
Ambrose S. Townsend died, aged 28. 

Sept. 2. A meeting of citizens favorable to the pro- 
tection of American industry by the government, was 
held at the Capitol ; Thomas W. Olcott president. Re- 
solutions presented by Mtessrs. Reynolds, Stevens and J. 
V. L. Pruyn were adopted, and Joseph Blunt of New 
York addressed the meeting. 

A State convention of mechanics was held for the pur- 
pose of organizing an opposition to the state prison 
system. 

Mary Jane, wife of John Burley, died, aged 31. 

Sept. 3. Huldah, wife of Richard Wilson, died. 

Sept. 5. James Purcell died in New Orleans, aged 21. 

Sept. 6. Gerrit Visscher died, aged 49. 

Sept. 9. The sheriff Adams, having been obstructed 
in the discharge of his duty in the vicinity of the Hel- 
derberg, went out with a military posse, to make a sale 
of property for back rents. Very little was accomplished, 
most of the property having been removed, and there 
were no bidders for what remained. 

Frederick Van Wormer died, aged 56. 

The Board of Trade was fully organized by the elec- 
tion of John Townsend, president ; Erastus Corning, 
Charles Chapman and John Taylor, vice-presidents; 
Daniel Fry, secretary ; and William McElroy treasurer. 

Sept. 15. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas J. Wood, died, 
aged 27. 

Sept. 16. Dr. John W. Van Loon died, aged 33. 

A meeting of citizens called by the Board of Trade 
condemned thechange of the terminus of the Mohawk and 
Hudson rail road, abandoning the head of State street, 
and adopting the foot of Ferry street. On the following 



320 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

day another meeting was held consisting of another class 
of citizens, which deprecated the proceedings of the 
Board of Trade, and sanctioned the change made by the 
rail road company. 

Sept. 19. Joshua Weldon, a soldier of the revolution, 
died, aged 84. 

Sept. 20. Mary B. Douglass died, aged 22. 

The ancient building adjoining the American Hotel on 
the east, having been underminded in excavating the ad- 
joining lot, fell to the ground. This was formerly the 
house of Thomas Shipboy who died in 1798. (See An- 
nals, vol. i. pp. 284-286.) 

Sept. 22. Isaac H. Bogart died, aged 77. 

The Mohawk and Hudson rail road company having 
commenced breaking up their track from the late depot 
in State street to the Junction, certain citizens organized 
a line of stages to compete with the road, which was so 
successful that on the 22d, they had taken a hundred 
passengers over the old turnpike road before 10 o'clock 
in the morning. The following statement shows how 
lively a business sprang up. suddenly on the Schenectady 
turnpike, which was unknown to it in the palmiest 
days of staging on that ancient thoroughfare. 

Oct. 20 196 passengers 

21, 200 do. 

22, 289 do. 

On the 23d, 27 stages went over, and passengers for 
five or six more offered. During the first seven days 
1,698 passengers were carried over by the -stages. Fare 
50 cents. 

Sept. 25. Elizabeth Bayard Campbell died at the 
Manor house of Stephen Van Rensselaer. 

Cornelius Van Schelluyne died, aged 23. 
Edgar B. Ten Broeck died in New Orleans, 

aged 20. 

Sept. 26. The Rev. Mr. Hodge, pastor of the Green 
street Baptist church, preached his farewell sermon. 
Rufus Brown died, aged 59. 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 321 

Sept. 28. The South Dutch church, corner of Green 
and Ferry streets was burnt. The fire took in the 
cupola, and destroyed every thing but the walls. It was 
erected in 1837 at a cost of $13,000, and was insured for 
$5,000. 

Catharine, wife of Henry Yates, died. 

Sept. 30. A meeting of citizens was held at the Ex- 
change building to confer on a mode of affording relief to 
the Third Dutch church, whose edifice had recently been 
destroyed by fire. A committee of one from each ward 
was appointed to solicit subscriptions, and church col- 
lections were recommended* 

Thomas Welch died at Windham, Conn., aged 56. 

Oct. 1. Audley P. Knower died, aged 27. 
James Linacre died, aged 57. 

Oct. 9. A line of 12 stages passed down State street 
from Schenectady, having 112 passengers. 

Oct. 10. Edward C. Denison died, aged 51. 

Oct. 12. Catherine Eliza, wife of Angus McNaughton 
died, aged 22. 

Mrs. Louisa Hilton died, aged 34. 

Oct. 13. Edward Henry Delavan died, aged 21. 

Oct. 16. George S. Lansing died, aged 21. 

Oct. 21. James Brammall died, aged 29. 

Oct. 23. Maria E. Benne died. 

Oct. 26. Ann Catharine, wife of John Hodge, died, 
aged 33. 

Oct. 29. Fanny Danson died, aged 36. 

Oct. 30 Margaret, daughter of Israel Smith, died, 
aged 27. 

Nov. 2. The election resulted in favor of the Demo- 
crats. John A. Dix was elected to the assembly by a 
majority of 535 over Azor Taber. Erastus Corning was 
elected state senator by 571 majority. 

Nov. 3. Mrs. Isabella Holmes died, aged 78. 

Charlotta Augusta, wife of Stephen B. Hall, 

died, aged 23. 
William L. Stillman died, aged 22. 

[ Annals, x.] 28 



322 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

Nov. 8. Eliza, wife of John T. Carpenter, died, 
aged 26. 

Henry Carey died, aged 28. 

Charlotte N., wife of Dr. D. Newcomb, died, 

aged 27. 

Snow fell and the atmosphere had the ap- 
pearance of winter. 

Nov. 9. The corner stone of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, corner of Washington and Swan streets was laid 
with appropriate ceremonies by the Rev. Dr. Sprague, 
of the Second Presbyterian church. The exercises were 
held in the hall of the Capitol. The building is 72 feet 
by 44. It was under the pastoral charge of the Rev. 
James Rawson. 

Nov. 10. Walter Clark died at Brooklyn, aged 63. 

Nov. 11. Mrs. Jane Johnson, died, aged 41. 

Nov. 12. Murdock McPherson died, aged 45. 
William Porter died, aged 24. 

Nov. 14. Helen C., wife of H. H. Seaver, died. 

Nov. 16. A special meeting of the common council was 
called to deliberate upon a proposition of the directors of 
the Mohawk and Hudson rail road company. They of- 
fered to the city their State street property and $150,000 
in the bonds of the company if the city would undertake 
the expense of doing away with the inclined planes at 
both ends of the road, the bonds to be secured by a 
mortgage upon the whole road ; the eastern termination 
to be brought as near the centre of the city as possible, 
and to be used with locomotive power. The proposition 
was accepted 19 to 1 ; Mr. Malburn. 

Nov. 16. Thos. Hastings Cushman died, aged 26. He 
early manifested a genius for drawing, and finally took 
up the art of engraving, which he prosecuted some time 
in this city with success and increasing reputation. In 
the fall of 1840, with impaired health growing out of the 
anxieties of managing an extensive concern, he unfor- 
tunately engaged in daguerreotyping, then an embryo 
art, which he introduced into this place, in connection 
with Prof. E. N. Horsford. His experiments were made 



1841. Notes from the Newspapers. 323 

under exposure to the unhealthful fumes of the necessary 
materials, and in less than a year he laid the foundation 
for the total ruin of his health, which sank irretrievably 
under the anxieties and unhealthful application which it 
exacted ; for he gave all his time and thoughts to the ob- 
ject before him, and secluded himself as completely as 
the ancient alchemist in search of the philosopher's stone; 
but the reward fell from his lifeless hand untasted, al- 
though he made important discoveries, and improved the 
instrument. He is the author of several poetic pieces, 
harmonious in diction, and sparkling with happy con- 
ceptions. 

Abraham P. Staats died. 

Nov. 19. Charles Fondey died at Boston, aged 21. 

Nov. 22. Catalina Quakenbush died, aged 75. 

Nov. 21. Jacob N. Clute, a revolutionary soldier, died, 
aged 82. 

Nov. 25. Horace W. Buckley died in New York, 
aged 56. 

Nov. 26. David Wood, president of the Canal Bank, 
died, aged 48. 

Timothy Chapin, Jr. died, aged 51. 

Nov. 27. Henry Knower died, aged 23. 
Lemuel Pierce died, aged 65. 

Nov. 30. Maria, wife of Titus Bastianelli, died, aged 28. 

Erastus Meacham died at Kalamazoo, Michigan. 

Dec. 4. The river was open to navigation, after 
having been closed. 

Dec. 13. Mrs. McClure died, aged 63. 

J. Hall and 42 others petitioned the common council 
for the removal of the Arbor Hill burial ground. At 
the same meeting Sanford Cobb was removed from the 
office of chamberlain for appropriating the city funds to 
his own use, and John Q. Wilson appointed temporarily. 

Dec. 14. Mrs. Elizabeth Pollock died, aged 95. 

Dec. 16. Elizabeth, wife of Nicholas Brower, died, 
aged 33. 

Dec. 17. Matilda, wife of George Patterson, died, 
aged 26. 



324 Notes from the Newspapers. 1841. 

Dec. 19. The locomotives of the Western Rail Road 
Company came through to Greenbush, thus uniting Albany 
to Boston by a continuous rail road. The completion of 
this road opened a winter route to New York by the way 
of Hartford and New Haven in 32 hours without night 
travel. 

C. W. Bender was appointed city chamberlain, and 
Isaac Hempstead chamberlain's clerk. 

Dec. 20. The river was closed by ice. 

Dec. 21. Mrs. Orpha Strickland, died, aged 53. 

Dec. 22. The thermometer was 2 degrees below zero. 

Dec. 23. Rev. Duncan Kennedy was installed pastor of 
ihe North Dutch church. 

Dec. 24. Margaretta, wife of Wm. Parmelee, died at 
Xangsingburgh, aged 23. 

Mrs. Nancy Saunders died, aged 63. 

Dec. 28. A celebration in honor of the completion of 
the Western rail road took place. The train brought 
125 delegates from Massachusetts, who were escorted 
from the ferry by the military. A dinner was given at 
.Stanwix Hall, by Mr. Landon of Congress Hall. 

Dec. 31. Nathaniel Cook, died in New York, aged 43. 

1842. 

Jan. 1. Lyman Root, an eminent merchant, died, 
,aged 63. He had been identified with the commercial 
prosperity of the city during forty years, and by well di- 
rected enterprise and integrity acquired property and 
esteem. 

Peter Roggen died, aged 52. 

Jan. 3. Eliza, wife of Daniel Duesler, died, aged 27. 

Jan. 9. William Hendrickson, died, aged 37. 

Jan. 10. Robert Orr, died, aged 80. 

Jan. 13. Maria A., wife of Hiram Bromley, died, aged 
32. 

Jan. 14. Jerome Beals died, aged 23. 

Jan. 16. Charlotte, wife of Thomas Hewson, died, 
aged 65. 



1842. Notes from the Newspapers. 325 

Jan. 17. Robert Carson died, aged 38. 

Elizabeth, widow of Abraham Cuyler, died. 

Jan. 18. Thermometer 50 deg. above zero. 

Jan. 19. Ephraim De Witt died at Jersey City, aged 63. 

Jan. 19. Sabra, wife of Nahum Rice, died at Lebanon 
Springs, aged 64. 

Jan. 20. Robert Wilson Lawson died, aged 73. 

Jan. 22. Elizabeth, wife of Charles Miller, died, aged 30. 

Jan. 23. Eliza S., wife of Washington Phillips, died, 
aged 30. 

Jan. 24. James Maddix died, aged 43. 

The choir of the First Presbyterian church gave a con- 
cert, at which Braham, the famed English singer, parti- 
cipated. 

Jan. 27. Christopher Oley died, aged 69. 
Wm. Vandenberg died, aged 51. 

Jan. 31. Stephen Gladding died in New Orleans, aged 37. 

Feb. 1. Daniel S. Kittle died. 

Gideon Hawley was chosen by the legislature a regent 
of the university in the place of the late James King. 

H. Wendell, son of the late Harmanus A. Wendell, 
died in Philadelphia, aged 56. 

Feb. 5. Peter Westervelt died, aged 60. 

Feb. 6. A great freshet which cleared the river of 
ice, and the steam boat Telegraph, Capt. Brainerd, ar- 
rived from New York. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Casparus F. Pruyn, 
died, aged 23. 

Feb. 7. Daniel McKilvey died, aged 76. 

Feb. 10. A. Ten Eyck Lansing died at Manheim, 
Herkimer co., aged 47. 

Feb. 16. George Christie died, aged 34. 

Feb. 17. Mrs. Cynthia Winne died, aged 75. 

Feb. 18. Eben S. Wadley died, aged 30. 
Isaac Pepper died, aged 22. 

Feb. 19. James D. Fisher died, aged 42. 
Mrs. Mary Freligh died, aged 84. 

Feb. 26. Lucre tia, wife of Wm. W. Frothingham, died, 
aged 44. 



326 Notes from the Newspapers. 1842. 

March 1. The river was open again, and a steam 
boat arrived from New York. 

Alida D., wife of Allen F. Peck, died, aged 21. 

March 3. George McPherson died at Columbiana, 
Ala., aged 22. 

March 7. The common council, by a vote of 10 to 6, 
agreed to open South Pearl street 15 feet on the west 
side from State to Howard street. 

Maria, wife of Peter C. Doyle, died, aged 40. 

March 10. Charles Dillon died, aged 42. 

March 11. Wm. P. Stone died, aged 33. 

March 12. Catalina, wife of Chandler Foster, died, 
aged 30. 

March 13. Mrs. Maria Strain died, aged 63. 

Helena, wife of Dr. F. N. Selkirk, died. 

March 14. Benjamin Gregory died, aged 68. 

March 16. Sarah Anna, wife of James A. Hewson, 
died, aged 34. 

March 18. Rebecca, wife of David Mink, died, aged 57. 

March 21. Thomas Dowling died, aged 79. 

March 22. Elizabeth, wife of James H. Peck, died. 

March 27. John Berry died, in New York, aged 23. 

Sarah, wife of Richard Sherwood, died, 
aged 30. 

March 28. Mary, widow of Henry Turner, died at 
East Bloomfield, Ontario county. 

March 31. Simeon De Groff died, aged 86. 

Highest temperature of March 72 deg. ; 
lowest 12 deg. 

April 2. Frances Ann, wife of Rev. John M. Van 
Buren, died, aged 24. 

April 3. Jane Ann, daughter of Jesse Randall, died, 
aged 24. 

April 4. Mrs. Jane Donnelly died, aged 80. 

April 8. Oliver Kane died in New York, aged 75. 

April 9. James Jordan died, aged 69. 

April 10. Ananias Platt died, aged 80. 

April 12. Emily Holland died, aged 38. 



1842. Notes from the Newspapers. 327 

April 12. Charter election resulted in the success of 

the Democrats. 

DEMOCRATS. WHIGS. 

First Ward. 

Mayor. Barent P. Staats, 104 John Townsend, 104 

Aldermen. Wm. Chambers, 206 Stiles Mix 132 

Wm. L. Osborn, 205 John A. Clark, 82 

John Simpson, 76 

Francis Bryan, 39 

Supervisor. Andrew Moore, 252 H. G. 0. Rogers 1 12 

Second Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, \ . . 322 John Townsend, 190 

Aldermen. Wm. P. Malburn,. . . . 318 Charles Conklin, 221 

David Burhans, 295 Daniel Smith, 187 

Supervisor. Andrew Moore, 299 H. G. O. Rogers, 206 

Third Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, 468 John Townsend, 319 

Aldermen. Bradford W. Hand,... 428 G. V. S. Bleecker, . . . 361 

Argalus W. Starks, . . 436 Seth F. Kelly, 343 

Supervisor. Wm. J. Fryer, 440 Miles Joy, 342 

Fourth Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, ... ... 352 John Townsend, 387 

Aldermen. H.H.Martin, 318 Chauncey Whitney, .. 416 

Benj. Thomas, 322 Abram Koonz, 409 

Supervisor. Henry Rector, 318 H. Meech, 411 

Fifth Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, 287 John Townseod, 282 

Aldermen. Ed. Brinckerhoff, S83 Yisscher Ten Eyck, . . 295 

R. E. Temple, 281 Andrew White, 290 

Supervisor. E. R. Satterlee, 274 E. W. Skinner, 300 

Sixth Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, 217 John Townsend, 242 

Aldermen. James Maher, 231 John Groesbeck, 241 

C. Ten Broeck, 264 Jacob L. Winne, 251 

Supervisor. A. E. Brown, 238 Samuel Pruyn, 252 

Seventh Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, 291 John Townsend, 157 

Aldeimen. Chas. Chapman, 293 Parker Sargent, 162 

J. Van Volkenburgh, . 278 Horace Pierce, 160 

Supervisor. D. D. Shaw, 288 David Martin, 157 

Eighth Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, 297 John Townsend, 130 

Aldermen. John McKnight, 295 Josiah Winants, 133 

Jacob Downing, 292 Giles K. Winne, 131 

Supervisor. W. B. Stanton, 283 W. B. Scott, 146 



328 Notes from the Newspapers. 1842. 

DEMOCRATS. WHIGS. 

Ninth Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Staats, 266 John Townsend. 375 

Aldermen. Jas. D. Wasson, 271 Hazael Kane, 366 

John I. Burton 277 Wm. R. Ford 358 

Supervisor. T. Carson, '. 277 G. Traver, . . ." 365 

Tenth Ward. 

Mayor. B. P. Slaats, 234 John Townsend, 246 

Jlldcrmen. Garret Hogan, . . , . . 230 Michael Artcher, .... 248 

R. W. Peckham, 229 Joshua I. Jones, 249 

Supervisor. T. Carson, 226 George Traver, 257 

William Mayell received 43 votes as the abolition can- 
didate for mayor. 

April 15. Gertrude, wife of Wm. H. Hazard, died, 
aged 42. 

April 16. Jane, widow of James Parker, died, aged 31. 

April 19. Charles Smith died, aged 81; a revolutionary 
soldier. 

April 20. Mary, wife of Thomas L. Hartness, died in 
New York, aged 30, and was buried from the residence 
of her mother, Mrs. Abigail Easton, 55 Maiden lane. 

April 20. Mrs. Mary Brayton died at North Adams, 
aged 76. 

April 23. Mrs. Elizabeth Malcolm died, aged 64. 

April 24-. Rosanna, wife of John McClintock, died, 
aged 31. 

April 29. Harriet Maria, wife of Evert J. Lansing, 
died, aged 23, 

The number of brick buildings from two to five stories, 
erected during the past year, was estimated at 250, 
mostly of a more courtly style of construction than be- 
fore. The principal erections on State street were 
Douw's building, corner of State and Broadway; Blunt's 
Building, corner of South Pearl and State, and the five 
story store of Pruyn, Wilson & Vosburgh ; in Broadway 
the store of Henry Newman. 

May 5. Sarah Walsh, wife of Richard V. De Witt, 
died. 

May 8. Jeannette B. James, wife of Wm. H. Barker, 
died. 



1842. Notes from the Newspapers. 329 

May 9. At a meeting of the common council pro- 
posals were % opened for supplying the Almshouse with 
meat, which* varied from 4J cts. to 1 ct. a pound. The 
contract was given to J. C. F. Ladue at 1} cents per 
pound. 

May 10. At a meeting of the new board of common 
council, Barent P. Staats officiated as mayor, and the fol- 
lowing officers were elected by a vote of 12 to 10. 
James R. Rose, clerk. 
John Osborn, marshal. 
Andrew J. Colvln, attorney. 
John Bratt, surveyor. 
Aaron Hill, assistant surveyor. 
S. V. R. Ableman, supt. Almshouse. 

May 16. The board had before it the case of Engine 
Company No. 9, which, in revenge of some structures of 
the former board, had dragged their engine up before the 
City Hall and left it there. The new board having a 
democratic majority, they expected to be exonerated from 
the blame they had incurred in showing contempt of the 
late whig mayor; but they were ruled out by a vote of 
10 to 9. This case exercised the board a good while, 
and resulted in the laying up of No. 9. 

Capt. Samuel Schuyler died, aged 61. 

May 17. Jane A., wife of Elias Colburn, died, aged 37. 

May 20. Augustus Bruce died, aged 35 ; formerly of 
Wallingford, Vt. 

May 22. The Methodist church, corner of Swan and 
Washington streets being completed, was dedicated. 

May 23. Timothy H. Gidley died in Italy, aged 43. 

May 26. Nancy, widow of Nehemiah Jenks, died, aged 
72 ; formerly of Nantucket. 

May 27. Dorcas, wife of Capt. David Olmsted, died, 
aged 71. 

May 31. Le Roy D. L. Moody died, aged 46. 

Capt. David Olmsted died, aged 72. He was a native 
of Ridgeficld, Conn., and came to this city in 1798. He 
was engaged many years in navigating the Hudson, and 
was afterwards for a considerable time city super- 



330 Notes from the Newspapers. 1842. 

intendent. He survived his wife, with whom he had 
lived 54 years, but four days. 

May 1, The receipts into the city treasury during the 
past year were $197,639.16 ; the expenditures were 
$193,877.50. The city debt, exclusive of the bonds issued 
on account of the Albany and West Stockbridge rail road, 
was $435,732.43. 

June 3. Garret W. Van Wie died, aged 73. 

June 8. Josiah Whitney Carey died, aged 34. 

June 12. Harriet N., wife of Joseph H. Howard, died 
at Hartford, Ct. 

June 13. Catharine Maria De Witt died. 

June 18. Anne, wife of Capt. Robert Wood, died. 

June 22. A special meeting of the common council was 
called to reinstate Engine company No. 9. The recorder 
animadverted upon the call of a special meeting for such 
a purpose, and moved to adjourn. The vote upon the 
question of adjourning was 8 to 8, and the mayor gave 
his casting vote against the adjournment, when the whig 
members withdrew and left the board without a quorum. 

June 23. Jane, wife of Robert Blackall, died, aged 43. 

June 24. This day was devoted to a great temperance 
celebration ; the weather being fine and the arrange- 
ments extensive, it went off with great eclat. 

June 27. Hugh Boyd died, aged 25. 
John Kervin died, aged 31. 

June 28. Wm. H. Gains died, aged 54. 

July 4. There were four celebrations of the day. 
1st, The General celebration, oration by Rev. Mr. Camp- 
bell ; reading declaration by Wm. N. Strong. 2d. Tem- 
perance celebration, oration by L. Sprague Parsons ; 
reading declaration by George W. Carpenter. 3d. Young 
men's Association, oration by Wm. H. Hill: reading de- 
claration by Isaac L. Lyon. At five o'clock in the af- 
ternoon, the wives and children of the Washingtonians 
(temperance societies) formed a procession with badges, 
and marched to the National Garden, where they held a 
celebration. 

Anna, wife of Charles S. Olmsted, died, aged 40. 



1842. Notes from the Newspapers. (^ 331 

July 5. Jane, wife of Patrick Murphy, died, aged 36. 

July 7. Cynthia, wife of Giles Sanford, died. 

July 8. Mrs. Elsie Pratt died, aged 45. 

July 9. Sarah, wife of Benjamin Wilson, died, aged 74. 

July 10. Rachel, widow of Isaac Hempsted, died, aged 
72. 

July 11. Lucinda, wife of Isaac Dickinson, died, aged 
75. 

July 12. Catharine, wife of Edward Mockery, died, 
aged 24. 

July 16. Elizabeth, wife of Isaac N. Comstock, died. 

July 19. Hannah H., wife of Eliphalet Steele, died at 
Oswego, aged 73. 

July 20. Mary, daughter of James Maher, died, aged 22. 

July 21. Mrs. Jane Fanyou died, aged 82. 

July 23. Mrs. Rachael Van Wie died, aged 66. 

The century plant which had been in the possession of 
Hon. Stephen Van Rensselaer more than half a century, 
and which was now being brought to maturity by arti- 
ficial heat, was opened to public exhibition at a small 
price for the benefit of the Orphan asylum. 

Aug. I. Mrs. Magdalene Shoemaker died, aged 67. 
Nicholas Whalen died, aged 32. 

Aug. 3. Thomas Harvey died. 

Aug. 5. Poll}', wife of Joseph S. Clark, died, aged 54. 
Benjamin Cooper died at Syracuse, aged 63. 

Aug. 9. Thomas Perceval died at Havana. 

Aug. 10. Sarah, wife of John Milliman, died, aged 48. 

Aug. 13. John Galloway, who had resided here some 
twelve years, died near Stirling, Scotland. 

Aug. 20. Anna, wife of John Stottler, died, aged 22. 

Aug. 24. William H. Fondey died at Elizabethtown, 
N. J., aged 30. 

Sarah, mother of Sybrant Kittle, died in 
Schenectady, aged 102. 

Aug. 25. Mrs. Elizabeth Shell died, aged 87. 

Aug. 26. Mrs. Mary Wright died, aged 71. 

Sept. 4. Martha, widow of Joseph Weed, died at 
Syracuse, aged 65. 



332 



AWes from the Newspapers. 



1842. 



Sept. 4. Albert A. Smith, died, aged 38. 
Sept. 5. William Sherwood died, aged 21. 
Whole number of deaths during the month past, 54 ; 
males 30, females 24; of which 36 were under the age 
of 10. 

Sept. 6. The common council, 
on motion of the mayor, B. P. 
Staats, appointed a competent 
person to translate the city docu- 
ments that had been written in 
Dutch. 

Sept. 11. Simon Cramond died, 
aged 38. 

Sept. 13. The American aloe, 
or century plant, in the patroon's 
garden was now in bloom, and 
had the appearance represented in 
the engraving. This ancient den- 
izen of the Manor garden, was 
purchased soon after the revolu- 
tionary war, at the sale of a con- 
fiscated estate in the city of New- 
York. It was then a well grown 
plant, and had now been standing 
in the green house of its 
present owner nearly sixty 
years, and was supposed 
to be between eighty and 
ahundred years old. For the 
first time it now 
gave signs of put- 
ting forth a flower 
stem. When the 
bud appeared, it 
grew with aston- 
ishing rapidity 
(18 inches in 24 
hours), and on 

The Century Plant. thls ^ {t had 




1842. Notes from the Newspapers. 333 

attained 21 feet in height ; and being a novelty, for very 
few had ever heard that such a plant existed anywhere, 
the numbers which visited it were very great, many coming 
from a great distance one person came from Ohio ex- 
pressly to see the phenomenon. 

Sept. 17. A meeting of citizens opposed to altering 
the grade of State street, was held at the Capitol, Erastus 
Corning in the chair, which deprecated the extensive al- 
terations being made by the common council in various 
parts of the city, at a time of great financial distress. 

The South market, which had been erected over the 
old-Watering place, was taken down, the lot filled and a 
dock built, for a steam boat landing. As such it was 
leased to Isaac Newton for three years at $1,000 a year. 

Sept. 19. Oliver Teall, a soldier of the revolution, 
died, aged 84. 

Sept. 20. Mrs. Christina Heaxt died, aged 102, 

Sept. 23. John McAlpine died, aged 78. 

Sept. 24. Dr. Ten Eyck Gansevoort died at Bath, 
Steuben co., aged 39 ; son of Conrad Gansevoort of 
Albany. 

Sept. 26. R. Shepherd Clapp died, aged 24. 

Sept. 28. Sarah C., wife of John I. Kane, died. 

Sept. 29. William Nessle was elected chamberlain. 

Oct. 3. At a meeting of the common council, the re- 
turns of the special election in the 10th ward for alder- 
man were received : John Bucklin, 162 ; E. Thies, 94 ; 
Mr. Bucklin took his seat, in place of alderman Chapman, 
resigned. 

Compensation was allowed the jurors for opening 
Hamilton and Dove streets. 

Laws to open Herkimer street from Eagle to Lark, and 
for excavating and filling Morton street, were passed. 

The board accepted the invitation of the New York 
common council to attend the Croton celebration. 

Cicero Loveridge was removed from the office of police 
justice avowedly on the score of political opinions, and not 
for want of ability or from misconduct. Alderman Win. 
L. Osborn was directed to take charge of the books and 

[Annals, x.] 29 



334 Notes from the Newspapers. 1842. 

papers in the office. The whigs had a minority of two 
in the board. 

Oct. 5. Philip Miller died, aged 58. 

Rebecca, widow of Samuel Shelley, died at 
Glenville, Schenectady co. She was the daughter of 
John Ledy, and it appears by the record in St. Peter's 
church that she was baptized in the year 1757. 

Oct. 8. Eliza, wife of Thomas M. Wilson, died* 
aged 35. 

Oct. 12. Ezra Amos, died, aged 27. 

Oct. 17. Isaac D. Elliot died. 

Samuel Norton died at Lyme, Ct., aged 73. 

Oct. 18. The Washington Artillerists, Capt. Franklin 
Townsend, made their first target excursion. 

Oct. 21. David Jackson died, aged 55. 

Oct. 27. Cicero Loveridge died of scarlet fever, aged 
31. As a political and general writer he distinguished 
himself as editor of the Troy Morning Mail; he possessed 
talents of a high order, and a soul alive to the most lofty 
and generous impulses. 

John W. Leake died, aged 62. 

Nov. 1. Mrs. Elizabeth Pepoon died, aged 72. 

The century plant at the Patroon's garden having 
come to maturity, and been witnessed by a great number 
of persons, was removed to New York for exhibition 
there. The engraving opposite is a correct representa- 
tion of it when it began to blossom. It was about 26 
feet in height. 

Nov. 8. Election. Daniel D. Barnard received 6,327 
votes in the county for congress ; James M. French, his 
opponent, 5,980. Willis Hall received 6,303 for As- 
sembly ; Bradford W. Hand 5,988. 

Nov. 14. Alexander B. McDoual, some time a pro- 
fessor in the Albany Academy, died in Troy, aged 30. 

Nov. 19. Andrew Miller died, aged 24. 

Nov. 23. Daniel Pincott died, aged 20. 

Nov. 26. Lewis Farnham died, aged 60. 
James R. Webster died, aged 41. 

Nov. 28. Catharine, wife of Isaac D. Guyer and 
daughter of Jonas Wickes, died, aged 23. 




The Century Plant at Maturity. 



336 Notes from the Newspapers. 1842. 

Nov. 28. Mrs. Catharine Fitzpatrick died, aged 45. 

Nov. 29. River closed. 

Dec. 2. Jane, wife of Abraham Herrick, died, aged 29. 

Dec. 4. Maria E. E., wife of J. Eustace Whipple, 
and daughter of the late John L. Viele, died at Lansing- 
burgh, aged 26. 

Isabella, wife of Charles C. P. Chapman, 

died, aged 28. 
Martha Jane Blakeman died, aged 20. 

Dec. 10. Margaret, wife of Peter Cure, died, aged 47. 

Dec. 11. Margaret, wife of Benj. Austin, died, aged 82. 

Dec. 13. Freedom H., wife of R. H. Pitman, died, 
aged 24. 

Dec. 15. Malita, wife of Joseph S. Henshaw, died, 
aged 21. 

Dec. 20. Rev. Edward F. Allen, pastor of the Fourth 
Presbyterian church, died, aged 28. He had officiated 
in that church 6 years. 

Gertrude, wife of Abraham Van Vechten, of Catskill, 
died, daughter of the late Abraham Van Vechten, of this 
'City. 

Dec. 22. Betsey Ingalls died, aged 50. 

Dec. 25. The large brick building, corner of South 
Lansing street and the dock, which had been occupied by 
Howard & Ryckman as a brewery, was destroyed by 
fire; loss $10,000, insured for $8,000 4 . 

Dec. 29. Elizabeth, wife of Eldart J. Visscher, died, 
aged 26. 

Isabella, widow of Charles McPherson, died 
in New York, aged 86. 

Dec. 31. Rev. Frederick George Mayer, pastor of the 
Lutheran church, died. He had officiated 37 years. 

1843. 

Jan. 2. Thermometer 10 deg. below zero. 

The governor's message was expressed to 

New York by horse power in lOh. 25m. 
Jan. 4. Thermometer 13. deg. below zero. 



1843. Notes from the Newspapers. 337 

Jan. 4. Dr. John Scudder, the oculist, died. 

Jan. 6. Sarah Fergeson died. 

Jan. 16. Nathaniel M. Hazard died at Yorkville, aged 
36. 

Jan. 18. Martin Spencer died, aged 42. 

Jan. 20. David Pruyn died, aged 72. 

Wm. Henry Dickenson died, aged 44. 

Jan. 21. The steamboat Oliver Elsworth, left her dock 
here, and in the language of the Evening Journal, "found 
a passage through the dammed ice at Barren Island." 
[For Barren read Beeren, jivhich is good Dutch.] 

The winter route to New York was by the Housatonic 
rail road. 

Feb. 1. Redmond Hastings died at New Orleans of 
yellow fever, aged 26. 

Feb. 2. Isaac Denniston, Jr., died. 

Feb. 5. Esther, widow of Peter Rosekrans, died, aged 
74. 

Feb. 6. Austin Rising died, aged 29. 

Feb. 10. Susan A., wife of R. D. Granger, died, aged 24. 
William W. Crannell died, aged 32. 
Aaron Springsted died, aged 39. 

Feb. 15. Maria, wife of B. Bicknell, died, aged 41. 

Feb. 17. Thermometer 15 deg. below zero. 

Feb. 19. Elizabeth G., wife of Dr. L. Moore, and 
daughter of the late Horace Allen, died at Ballston, 
aged 34. 

Mrs. Nancy Stevenson died, aged 59. 

Feb. 22. James Van Ingen died, aged 76. 

Feb. 23. George Vance, Jr., one of the publishers of 
the Albany Atlas, died. 

A meeting was held at the Capitol for the purpose of 
organizing an Emigrant Society, Garret L. Dox, chair- 
man ; John Tracey , secretary . The following officers were 
elected : 

Bradford R. Wood, president. 

Teunis Van Vechten, John Q. Wilson, James Mc- 
Naughton, and Thomas Gough, vice-presidents. 
Anthony Gould, treasurer. 



338 Notes from the Newspapers 1843. 

Arthur C. South wick, secretary. 

Wm. Cassidy, corresponding secretary. 

And a board of 25 directors. 

Feb. 24. Rosina M., wife of Andrew Colvin, died. 

Feb. 27. Michael Brossett died, aged 68. 

March 2. Robert Hunter died, aged 50. He was 
born in Londonderry, N. H., in 1793; removed to Pal- 
myra in 1809, from which time till his death, he was 
engaged in the business of transportation. Until the 
completion of the canal he owned several of those cum- 
brous vehicles known as Pennsylvania six-horse wagons, 
one of which he drove himself for fifteen years. On the 
completion of the canal, he invested the whole of his 
earnings in the Pilot Line of canal boats, which by the 
mismanagement or dishonesty of agents in New York, 
brought ruin upon the association. Mr. Hunter soon 
found means to enable him to enter the Merchants' Line, 
in 1829, after which time his business relations expanded 
until he became prosperously concerned in the com- 
merce of the Hudson river and the lakes, as well as the 
canal. He was at the time of his death president of the 
Canal Bank, and was the third president of that institu- 
tion that had died within four years. 

March 3, Joseph Dennison died. He was a native 
of Stonington, Ct., and came to this city in 1809, since 
which he had sustained the character of an intelligent 
merchant, a useful citizen and an honest man. 

March 5. Harriet M., wife of Albert Conkling, and 
daughter of Erastus Hills, died, aged 22. 

Harriet, wife of Stephen Van Schaick, died, 
aged 48. 

March 6. The common council passed a law regu- 
lating the duties of the chief engineer of the fire depart- 
ment, and fixing his salary at $600. 

March 7. Amelia Gibbons, wife of Joab Stafford, died 
at Utica. 

March 10. Richard Walker died, aged 53. 

March 13. Magdalena, widow of Theodorus Van 
Wyck Graham, died, aged 77. 



1843. Notes from the Newspapers. 

March 13. Isabella, widow of Finlay Stewart, died, 

aged 85. 

March 14. Mary, wife of Col. John Taylor, died. 
March 16. Nathaniel Smith, a soldier of the revolu- 
tion, died, aged 82. 

Mrs. Martha Hoffman died, aged 68; 

mother of Lewis G. Hoffman. 
March 17. Otis Bishop died, aged 47. 
A snow storm blocked up all the avenues to the city, 
and the country for a great distance around lay under 
three or four feet of snow.. 

Mrs. Cornelia Williamson died, aged 50. 
March 20. Mrs. Jane Nugent died, aged 67. 
March 22. John Weaver died, aged 69. 
March 25. Harriet, wife of Dr. Isaiah Breakey, died, 
aged 47. 

March 26. A fire at the corner of Green and Beaver 
streets, formerly Dunn's Hotel, burnt out several trades- 
men ; a Mrs. Coughtry was so severely burnt that she 
died; Fisher lost his eyesight and was disfigured for life; 
and Charles Pohlman, the chief-engineer, had both legs* 
broken. Mrs. Coughtry kept a millinery store and board- 
ing house, and thinking one of her children had been left 
in the house, could not be prevented from going in. 

The extraordinary snow storms of the last week ob- 
structed the railroads and shut up travelers in their 
hotels. It was estimated that 10 ft. 9 in. of snow had 
fallen during the winter. 

March 30. William McCulloch died, aged 62. 
April 2. Mary, widow of Leonard Ganseyoort, died, 
aged 82. 

William Proctor died, aged 42. 

Solomon Van Rensselaer was removed from the post 
office, and was succeeded by James D. Wasson. 
April 3. John Mabon died, aged 52. 
April 5. Mark Little died, aged 33. 

Adonijah Moody died, aged 72. 
April 6. Daniel D. Stone died, aged 33. 

Mary, wife of James Gibson, died, aged 71. 



340 Notes from the Newspapers. 1843. 

April 9. Alice Cagger died, aged 31. 

April 11. The charter election resulted in the defeat 
of the democrats, who had carried the city two years in 
succession. The vote for mayor was as follows : 

Friend Humphrey, 3,199 

, Peter Gansevoort, 2,994 

The vote for aldermen was as follows: 

WHIGS. DEMOCRATS. 

1st Ward. Styles Mix,.. 212 Wm. Chambers, 296 

Richard Bortle, 204 Peter Carmichael, .... 303 

2d Ward. Peter Van Buren, 237 W. ~W. Forsyth, 289 

W. W. Frothingham, 241 Wm. W. Monteath,. . . 295 

3d Ward.G. V. S. Bleecker, . . . 445 M. Hendrickson, 484 

Chas. De Forest,,... 434 John M. Hughes, ... 484 

4th Ward. Wm. Adams, 484 Henry H. Martin, 278 

D. Worthington, . . . . 483 George Warren, 331 

5th Ward. Visscher Ten Eyck, . 357 G. Y. Lansing, 291 

Andrew White, 344 Joel Rathbone, 292 

6th Ward. Wm. McElroy, 305 D. V. N. Radcliff,. . . . 218 

E.M.Teall, 302 Nathan T. Higbie,. ... 217 

7th Ward. Rensselaer West, 280 James Maher, 247 

Robert McCollom,. . 257 John Bucklin,. 255 

SthWard.Vfm. B. Scott, 237 John McKnight, 304 

Wm. Jones 231 Jacob Downing,. 288 

Qth Ward. J. S. Van Rensselaer, 450 Bradford R. Wood, ... 254 

Ichabod L. Judson, . . 454 Robert E. Temple, 247 

IGth Ward. -Joshua I. Jones,.... 354 Anthony Gould, 209 

Thomas Kirkpatrick, 345 Henry H. Van Dyck,. 203 

April 12. Anna, widow of Rev. John De Witt, died, 
aged 46. 

April 13. The river was open, and the steam boat 
Utica arrived. 

Mary A., wife of Priestly Young, died. 

April 15. Thomas Bayeux was appointed justice of the 
Justices' court in place of Gerrit L. Dox. 

April 16. Robert Talbot died, aged 35. 

Martha, widow of Gilbert R. Livingston, and sister of 
James Kane, died in New York, aged 88. Mr. Kane 
was now the sole survivor of his family. 

April 18. The new board of common council made the 
following appointments: 



1843. Notes from the Newspapers. 341 

S. H. H. Parsons, clerk. 
H. H. Hickcox, deputy chamberlain. 
Horace B. Webster, attorney. 
Wm. McC. Cushman, surveyor. 
Isaac M. Comstock, police justice. 
John Morgan, almshouse superintendent. 
April 19. Abigail, wife of John Boardman, died, aged 
70. 

April 20. William Nessle resigned the office of cham- 
berlain, and C. W. Bender was appointed. 
April 25. James I. Wynkoop died, aged 52. 
April 27. Rachel, wife offcobert Elliott, died. 
April 30. Elisha Dorr died, aged 80. He was a na- 
tive of Lyme, Ct., and a volunteer in the revolution 
under Capt. Winslow, who was stationed on Long Is- 
land. At the close of the war he left home on foot, and 
came to this city, where he was successful in business, 
and by his intelligence and enterprise, contributed large- 
ly to the prosperity of the city during the sixty years 
he continued here. 

May 6. Cornelia A. Winne died. 

Margaret, wife of Henry T. Mesick, died, 

aged 43. 

May 10. Thomas P. Jones died, aged 32. 
May 14. Mrs. Jane Brewster died, aged 71. 
Comparison of the city finances for two years: 

Receipts to May 1, 1842, $197,639'16 

Expenditures 193,877-50 

Receipts to May 1, 1843 273,128-72 

Expenditures, 271,252-88 

May 22. Roger Magennis died, aged 34. 
May 29. Joseph A. Rust died, aged 65 ; formerly of 
Chester, Mass. 

May 30. Philemon Van Cott died at Norwich, Ct., 
aged 46 ; formerly captain of the New York State Ar- 
tillery Company. 

At a meeting of the friends of the Bethel at Stanwix 
Hall, the following were elected officers for the ensuing 
year: 



342 Notes from the Newspapers. 1843. 

Wm. A. Tweed Dale, president. 
Wm. N. Strong, vice-president. 
P. Trainor, secretary. 
Galen Batchelor, treasurer. 

John Miles was elected chaplain, and Abraham Covert, 
general agent. 

June 1. Elsie Lush died. 

June 2. Juliaette, wife of Chauncey P. Kellogg, died, 
aged 29. 

June 3. Ann C., wife of Daniel S. Flagg, died, aged 
32. 

The Manor House of the late Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
which had been under extensive repairs since his death, 
was now remodeled and rejuvenated, and the Young 
Patroon took possession of it. 

June 4. George T. Bennett died. 
June 6. David P. Winne died, aged 66. 
John S. Van Rensselaer made a report to the common 
council on the Soup house, by which it appeared that 
there was a difference of $1,800 in its expenses over 
those of 1838, and that gross frauds had been committed. 
June 18. Aaron Brown died, aged 69. 
June 19. Jonathan Shaw died, aged 60. 
June 21. Laban W. Keith died, aged 23. 

Catelina, widow of Peter Brooks, died, aged 

62. 
Christiana, wife of Wm. Rankin, died, aged 

32. 

A meeting was held at the Capitol ; Dr. B. P. Staats, 
president, to discuss the topic of Irish repeal, which 
agitated Great Britain. 

Seth Hastings, formerly a merchant here, was ap- 
pointed post master at Brainerd's Bridge. 

June 22. Hannah, wife of John Thomas, died, aged 42. 
June 23. Sarah, widow of George Webster, died. 
June 29. Elizabeth Sugden died, aged 62. 

Mrs. Anna Cureton died, aged 73. 
June 30. Philip Nash died, aged 45. 
July 2. Hannah Nelligar died, aged 72. 



J843. Notes from the Newspapers. 343 

July 4. General celebration, oration by Willis Hall; 
reading Declaration, by Edward S. Willett. Young 
Men's celebration, oration by Isaac Vanderpoel; reading 
Declaration, by Addison Low. 

John V. L. Pruyn was elected secretary and treasurer 
of the Utica and Schenectady rail road company in place 
of Gideon Hawley, resigned. 

July 6. Lewis Lewis died, aged 66. 

July 8. Daniel Pohlman died, aged 75. 

July 10. William Richards died, aged 44. 

July 12. John Keyes Paige was elected president of 
the Canal Bank. 

July 13. William D. Johnson died, aged 26. 

July 17. John Gill died at Philadelphia, aged 66. 

July 23. Phebe Ann, wife of Juhal T. Russell, died. 

July 24. Mary, widow of Stephen Ball, died, aged 81; 
formerly of Ballston. 

Aug. 2. John Quincy Adams arrived in the city and 
was received with great enthusiasm. 

Aug. 7. It appeared by a debate in common council 
that the expenses of removing snow from the streets 
during the past winter was $1,245*72; of which sum 
$882 was expended during the first ten days of April. 

Aug. 8. Emily Townsend died, aged 25. 
Jesse Peters died, aged 23. 
Charles C. Many died at Philadelphia, aged 35. 

Aug. 9. Mrs. Nancy Bloomirigdal died, aged 70. 

Aug. 11. Mary, widow of Thomas Dowling, died, 
aged 61. 

Aug. 12. John C. Yates died, aged 29; son of the late 
John Van Ness Yates. 

Aug. 18. The Knickerbocker, steamboat, arrived from 
New York in 7h. 33m. running time; her first trip. 

Aug. 19. Wilmarth Southwick died, aged 65; brother 
of Solomon Southwick. 

Aug. 22. Julia A., wife of Stephen McKissick, died, 
aged 31. 

Cornelius Vanderbelt, of the firm of Robinson 
& Vanderbelt, died, aged 53. 



344 Notes from the Newspapers. 1843. 

Aug. 23. Thomas Tilt died, aged 38. 
Aug. 23. Mary M., wife of Daniel Berthelon, died, 
aged 45. 

Aug. 27. Anna, daughter of Nathaniel Miller, died, 
aged 24. 

Sophia Matilda, daughter of Wm. Gladding, 

died, aged 18. 
Caroline, wife of Lansing Van Zandt, died, 

aged 23. 

The friends of the late Cicero Loveridge erected a 
monument to his memory in the Reformed Dutch Church 
burial ground. 

The common council abolished the sale of meat in 
wagons in State street, and directed that such vehicles 
should stand in Howard street or the vicinity of the 
markets. 

Sept. 2. George M. Stevens died, aged 52. 
Sept. 4. The Daily Knickerbocker was begun by 
Hugh J. Hastings. 

Sept. 5. George W. Merchant died, aged 53. 
Sept. 6. Elias Mather died, aged 67. 
Sept. 19. Mrs. Grizel McHarg died, aged 96. 
Sept. 20. Gen. James McCabe died, aged 53. 
Sept. 24. Rev. Henry N. Pohlman was installed pastor 
of the Evangelical Lutheran Ebenezer church, corner of 
Lodge and Pine streets. 

Sept. 25. John R. Martin died, aged 32. 
Oct. 3. James Vanderpoel died, aged 57 ; for many 
years one of the circuit judges of this state. 
Oct. 6. Nancy, widow of John Lovett, died. 
Oct. 13. The Rev. Samuel Fisher, of West Bloomfield, 
N. J., was installed pastor of the Fourth Presbyterian 
church. 

Oct. 16. The common council appropriated $150 for a 
steering wheel ornamented in a peculiar manner, for the 
new government frigate which had been named Albany 
in honor of this city. 

Oct. 16. Isaac Burton died, aged 67. 

Oct. 17. Ann, wife of Spelman Hickcox, died, aged 48. 



1843. Notes from the Newspapers. 345 

Oct. 20. Tennis Brinckerhoff, of the firm of J. & T. 
Brinckerhoff, died, aged 37. 

Oct. 22. A snow storm commenced in the evening, 
leaving a coat of about one inch in thickness. 

Oct. 23. Sarah, wife of Zebulon Utter, died, aged 80. 

Oct. 27. Mrs. Elizabeth Nutt died, aged 97 ; the 
heroine of the Pye tavern robbery, on the Troy road. 

The Unitarian society held their meetings in Blunt's 
Building, corner of State and South Pearl streets, but 
had no settled pastor. 

Nov. 1. Mary, wife of Jeremiah J. Austin, died, 
aged 22. 

Nov. 7. Election; whigs triumphant. Samuel Stevens 
was elected to the assembly, and Christopher Batterman 
sheriff. 

Nov. 14. Joshua Tuffs, an extensive merchant, died, 
aged 59. 

Nov. 16. James McClure, of the firm of J. & A. Mc- 
Clure, died, aged 45. Mr. McClure was sometime alder- 
man of the tenth ward, and found time, while prosecuting 
an active business, to assist in the furthering of import- 
ant civil and benevolent enterprises. Long before the 
organization of the present gas company, he made an 
effort to engage the attention of capitalists in that direc- 
tion, and made experiments to illustrate the advantages 
and the feasibility of the project, but without success. 
He was one of the founders of the Second Presbyterian 
sabbath school. 

Nov. 17. Abel French died, aged 78. He was eight 
years a resident of Oneida county, and followed the pro- 
fession of a land surveyor, and during the whole time 
was a representative in the state legislature. He had 
been a citizen of Albany nearly sixty years, and re- 
presented this county in the legislature for several years. 
He was an active participant in all the enterprises which 
attended the progress of the city, and contributed to its 
prosperity. He was a man of great force of character, 
sagacious, energetic and independent, and accumulated 
a considerable fortune. 

[Annals, x.] 30 



346 Notes from the Newspapers. 1843. 

Nov. 17. Uriah Hughes died, aged 63. 

Nov. 21. Lemuel L. Steele died, aged 40. 

Nov. 21. Myndersen Van Zandt died, aged 30. 

Nov. 24. John G. Wasson died, aged 67. 

Nov. 26. James W. Robinson died at Worcester, Ot- 
sego county. 

Nov. 27. The common council sanctioned the contract 
executed by the mayor 26th September, with the Mo- 
hawk and Hudson rail road company, by which a loan 
of $125,000 was made to them for 20 years at 5 per cent, 
at which rate it could be borrowed by the city. A sum 
not exceeding $60,000 was to be expended by the city 
for the track and depot, and leased to the company for 
20 years at a nominal rent ; at the expiration of that 
time the company was to pay for the track and depot 
the amount of its cost, or an annual rent equivalent to 
5 per cent, on such amount. The company to proceed 
immediately to construct a new branch on the route of 
the Patroon's creek to the Boston rail road ferry. 

Nov. 30. Joseph G. Jenkins, late commander of the 
steam boat Albany, died at Hudson, aged 49. 
Daniel C. Gager died, aged 46. 

Nov. 31. Adam P. Bradt died, aged 56. 

Dec. 2. Jane Reynolds died, aged 22. 

Dec. 5. The river was so nearly closed that the 
night boat did not venture above Hudson. The press 
relied upon the Harlem rail road for early news. 

Dec. 6. Edward Brown died, aged 28. 

Dec. 8. Horace B.Webster, city attorney, died, aged 31. 

Dec. 9. Atwood Steele died, aged 25. 
Wm. Darke died, aged 39. 

Dec. 10. James Waide died, aged 75. 

Dec. 11. Abraham Van Vechten was elected city at- 
torney in place of Horace 1>. Webster, deceased. 

Dec. 14. John H. Dwyer, a noted elocutionist, and 
personator of Falstaff, died, aged 60. 

Dec. 15. Sylvanus Jocelyn died, aged 53. 

Dec. 16. Clarissa Ann, widow of Daniel S. Kittle, 
died, aged 43. 



1844. Notes from the Newspapers. 347 

Dec. 25. The South Baptist Society dedicated their 
new church edifice in South Pearl street at the head of 
Herkimer. 

Dec. 26. Edward Jordan died, aged 48. 

Dec. 28. Lydia, wife of Abraham Grovestein, died, 
aged 50. 

1844. 

Jan. 1. Jane Shepherd, wife of G. V. S. Bleecker, 
died, aged 43. 

Jan. 2. Otis Dimmick, who had made two remarkable 
express trips to New York, already noticed, carried the 
governor's message to Troy on horseback, in 24 minutes. 

Jan. 8. Nicholas Bleecker died, aged 86. 

Charles E. Jenkins, Matthew Trotter and Lafayette 
D. Holstein were admitted to practice as attorneys in the 
supreme court. 

Jan. 17. Mrs. Urania Smith died, aged 69. 

Jan. 22. Anthony Rhoades Armington died, aged 37. 

Jan. 23. Mrs. Elizabeth Malcom died, aged 40. 

Jan. 24. Mrs. Hannah, widow of Wilmarth Southwick, 
died, aged 75. 

Elizabeth, wife of Francis Tows, died, aged 60. 

Jan. 28. Thermometer 14 deg. below zero. The past 
week had been remarkably cold. 

Jan. 30. Roswell Bellows died, aged 66. 

Feb. I. Henry L. Webb announced that he had sold 
his stock in trade to Gregory & Co., the successors of 
Gregory & Bain in the crockery business. The house of 
Webb & Dummer was established in 1807; the firm name 
was afterwards J. H. & H. L. Webb, H. & C. Webb, and 
Webb & Douglas, and finally Henry L. Webb, and was 
now discontinued after a period of 37 years. It was the 
first house in this branch of business that extended a credit 
to the merchants of the Northwest territory, then almost 
a wilderness, often astonishing the burgers of Albany 
by a display of packages marked Fort Winnebago, 
Green Bay, Chicago, Saut Ste. Marie, Pontiac, Detroit, 






348 Notes from the Newspapers. 1844* 

&c., places having a very uncertain whereabouts in the 
far west, absolutely beyond the reach of civilization. 
Michigan, until the establishment of their branch in De- 
troit in 1834, drew her supplies almost exclusively from 
them. 

Feb. 1. Wm. W. Dougherty died in New York, 
aged 60. 

Feb. 4. Mrs. Mary Mills died, aged 56. 

Feb. 6. Charles Smyth died, aged 60. He was one of 
the pioneers of those extensive transportation enterprises 
to the far west which have enriched so many others, and 
was the first agent of the tow boats on the Hudson 
river. 

Feb. 9. Catharine, widow of Rufus L. Slawson, died. 

Feb. 10. Spencer Stafford died, aged 72. 

Feb. 14. Benjamin Austin, a soldier of the revolution, 
died, aged 87. 

Feb. 15. William R. Hills died, aged 50. 

Feb. 19. Nancy, wife of Samuel Boyd, died, aged 60, 

Feb. 23. Hannah Spencer died, aged 73. 

Feb. 25. John McDowall died, aged 69. 

Salem Dutcher died in New York, aged 41 ; formerly 
of the firm of Dutcher & Harris, of this city. 

Feb. 26. John Goodrich died, aged 70. 

Feb. 28. Hagar, wife of David Van Vrankin, died, 
aged 53. 

Feb. 29. Sally, widow of Major Brown, died, aged 59. 

March 1. Sybrant Kittle died, aged 68. 

March 2. Ellen, wife of James Boyd, died, aged 31. 

March 3. Lawrence Paddock died, aged 47. 

March 5. Smith Cogswell died, aged 73. 

March 8. Mary S., wife of Luther Tucker, died. 
Charles Anderson died, aged 37. 

March 10. Col. Robert Elliott, for nearly a quarter of 
a century assistant postmaster, died. 

March 11. John V. Henry died at Jackson, Michigan. 
He was a son of the late John V. Henry, of this city, had 
been postmaster at Ann Arbor, and a judge of the county 
court. 



1844. Notes from the Newspapers. 

March 14. Mary Anderson died, aged 27. 

The ice broke up, and as usual, cut off all communi- 
cation with the rail road terminus, on the opposite side. 

March 15. John Van Vorst died, aged 60. 

March 18. David Wooster died, aged 53. 

March 21. Ephraim L. Van Buren died, aged 37. 

March 22. Win. H. Pitkin died, aged 33. He was a 
native of Connecticut, and a son of Hon. Timothy 
Pitkin. 

Mar. 24. Dorothy wife of John M. Hughes died, aged 48. 

March 25. John Carson died, aged 37. 

March 29. Abraham Sf. Groat died, aged 61. 

The Third Presbyterian Society sold their church 
edifice in Montgomery street, and purchased the site 
corner of Patroon and Chapel streets, on Clinton square. 

March 30. Although the river had been open a few 
days, there came on a snow storm which, with the 
severity of the weather, prevented the arrival of boats 
for several days. 

April 1. The common council took measures favor- 
able to the project of the establishment here of the State 
Normal School. 

April 2. Alexander Guthrie died, aged 25. 

April 7. Susan Knapp died, aged 73. 

April 9. Magdalene, widow of Benj. Van Wie, died, 
aged 67. 

Charter election: Whig mayor elected. 

Friend Humphrey, 3,268 

George W. Stanton, 2,638 630 maj. 

WHIGS. Aldermen. DEMOCRATS. 

lit Ward Samuel Watson, 197 Wm. Chambers, 278 

Wm Mink, 188 H. R. Phelps, 276 

2d Ward. Stephen Groesbeeck,. . . 264 Peter Carmichael, .. 2S7 

A. D. L. Whipple, 253 P. Van Benthuysen,. 286 

3d Ward. G. V. S. Bleecker, 544 J. E. Hermans, 348 

Robert Freeman, 517 M. Henclrickson,. . . 357 

4th Ward. Wm. Adams, 434 Wm. Smith, 322 

D. Worihington, 476 J. W. Harcourt, 360 

5th Ward. Thos. McMullen, 296 B. P. Staats. 202 

George Dexler, 300 Thomas Gough,. ... 198 

6th Ward. Wm. McElroy, 287 Robert Whitlock,. .. 173 

E. M. Teall, 278 F. H. Hastings, ISO 



350 Notts from the Newspapers. 1844. 

WHIGS. DEMOCRATS. 

1th Ward. Renssela^r West 244 John Van Ness, Jr., 230 

Robert McCollom,. ... 232 Timothy Spears, 282 

Sth Ward. Josiah Winants, 178 John McKnight,. 

Wm. Jones, 214 D. D. Ramsey,.. 

9th Ward. Alfred B. Street, 437 Kli Perry. 

Chr. Adams, 392 Watts Sherman,. 



IQth TTarrf.-Michael A richer, 336 John K. Paige, 



283 
249 
402 
332 
233 
Philander Coley,' 341 H. H. Van Dy'ck, 220 

There was also a Native American ticket in the 7th 
ward of from 50 to 67 votes, and what was termed a 
Bolter's ticket in the Sth ward, of from 72 to 125 votes. 

Bills passed the legislature about this time, incorporat- 
ing the Albany Medical College, the Albany Penitenti- 
ary, and the Albany Hydrant company. 

April 11. Rebecca, wife of John G. Whitney, died, 
aged 27. 

April 14. Mary, widow of A. Richardson, died, aged 67. 

April 16. The new board of common council elected 
its officers, when the following were reelected : S. H. 
H. Parsons, clerk of the board ; H. H. Hickcox, deputy 
chamberlain; Abraham Van Vechten, city attorney. 

At a meeting of the common council, it was announced 
that a contract had been made with Kirkpatrick and La 
Grange, to supply the Almshouse with meat at 2 cts. a 
pound. 

April 25. Anne, wife of Joshua I. Jones, died, aged 36. 

Nancy, widow of Cornelius Van Wie, died, aged 77. 

Hugh Humphrey, who had been superintendent of the 
Water Works company more than twenty-six years, re- 
signed the office. 

April 30. Angeline T., wife of H. W. Allen, died, 
aged 25. 

The old Montgomery Hall was demolished ; also the 
old hotel at the corner of Broadway and Steuben street 
was razed to make way for the Delavan House. 

The chamberlain reported the receipts of the past year 
to have been $322,809-65; expenditures, $303^44-98. 

May 6. Cynthia, wife of Benj. Deuel, died. 

May 7. Adam Helmer died, aged 72. 

May 8. Christiana, wife of N. B. Shaw, died, aged 28. 
Edmund Kriower died in New York, aged 37. 



1844. Notes from the Newspapers. 351 

May 11. Elizabeth, wife of James Selkirk, died, aged 79. 

May 12. Dr. Henry Greene died, aged 54. 

May 15. Dr. Abraham G. Lansing died. 

May 18. Eliza Hoffman died, aged 50. 

May 22. Andrew McMullen died in New York, aged 69. 

May 24. Mrs. Anna Cook died, aged 71. 

May 29. Funeral honors were paid to the memory of 
Col. John Mills, who fell in battle at Sackett's Harbor, 
29th May, 1813. His remains had been removed to this 
city, and reinterred in the Capitol Park. A eulogy was 
delivered on the occasion by Robert E. Temple, Esq. 

May 30. The steam boat South America made the 
passage from New York to Albany in the very short space 
of 7 hours, running time; the quickest trip ever made. 

June 4. Capt. Thomas Bayeux died, aged 43. 

June 9. Mary, wife of James Denniston, died, aged 52. 

June 10. Stanwix Hall, which had been some time 
undergoing extensive alterations, was opened this day as 
a hotel by Wheeler & Bromley. 

John L. Winne, Joseph Hall and others, having me- 
morialized the common council in relation to the condi- 
tion of the burial ground on Ten Broeck street, between 
Second and Third streets, the subject was referred to the 
land committee, consisting of George Dexter, H. R. 
Phelps and Wm.McElroy, who reported : That in 1765, 
this lot was conveyed by Stephen Van Rensselaer to D. 
Bradt and others for the purpose of a burial ground, on 
condition that the same should not be applied to any 
private purpose or secular use, but should remain as a 
burial ground for all persons in the manor of Rensselaer- 
wyck ; that in 1808, when the Colonie was annexed to 
the city of Albany, this lot came into the possession of 
the city authorities. Ever since the original grant it had 
been used as a burial place by the inhabitants of the 
north part of the city, but had now fallen into a ruinous 
condition, and comparatively few interments were made 
in it. By reason of the excavations which had been made 
around it, the ground was much higher than the adjoin- 
ing streets and lots ; the soil, loose and sandy, was 
easily washed away; and hence, from time to time, the 



352 Notes Jrom the Newspapers. 1844. 

coffins and bones of the dead were exposed. This diffi- 
culty was likely to become more serious, since the ex- 
cavation of the adjoining lot would have a perpendicular 
bank 15 or 20 feet in height, which would be continually 
giving way, and the coffins and their contents must be 
precipitated into it. In other respects, the ground was 
in a deplorable condition ; the surface was broken and 
rough, and presented a ruinous aspect, which was not 
only painful to surviving friends, but a source of an- 
noyance to a neighborhood daily becoming more popu- 
lous. The committee proposed to remove the bodies to 
the projected Rural cemetery, and surrender the premises 
to Mr. Van Rensselaer, he having agreed to provide a 
suitable lot for the purpose of reinterment. 

June 12. Ten clergymen of the city of different de- 
nominations signed a call published in the Argus for a 
hospital. 

June 15. Philip Keith died, aged 33. 

June 17. John Visscher died, aged 39. 

June 18. Stephen V. R. Humphrey died, aged 43. 

June 21. William Ellis died. 

The remains of De Witt Clinton, which had been de- 
posited in the cemetery in Swan street, were removed to 
New York, for interment under a monument erected by 
the family. 

July 2. Major James Gibbons died, aged 46. 

July 4. At the general celebration the oration was de- 
livered by Charles L. Austin; reading the Declaration by 
A. D. Robinson. Colonel Samuel Van Vechten, marshal. 

At the Young Men's celebration, oration by L. Sprague 
Parsons; poem by H. S. McCall; reading Declaration 
by M. Wendell L'Amoreux. 

At the Youth's Temperance Society celebration, ad- 
dresses were delivered by Philip Phelps, Jr., president of 
the society, by M. Wendell L'Amoreux and J. H. Canoll; 
reading Declaration by David Wyckoff. 

July 8. Westerlo Van RensseJaer died. 

A meeting of citizens was held at the Capitol, John L. 
Schoolcraft presiding, which passed resolutions on the 
subject of the repeal movement in Ireland. 



1844. Notes from the Newspapers. 353 

July 12. Cornelia Pruyn died, a^ed 75. 

July 17. Catharine A., wife of Wilber F. Osborne, died, 
aged 27. 

July 20. Mrs. Emeline Blakeman, daughter of Greene 
Hall, died in Troy. 

July 28. Elizabeth Gibbons, wife of Nicholas Quack- 
enbush, died. 

Thomas New died, aged 70. 

July 29. The corner stone of the Third Presbyterian 
church at Clinton place, was laid with appropriate cere- 
monies. 

July 30. Sylvester Wilcox'died at Palmyra, aged 69. 

James Gourley, Jr., died at Galveston, Texas, aged 39. 

There were at this time 28 churches in the city, and 
four more in the process of erection, namely, a Methodist 
church in Hudson street, a Baptist church in State street, 
a Presbyterian church in Patroon street, and a French 
catholic church. 

Aug. 6. Cornelia, widow of Hon. Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer, died in New York, aged 64. 

Aurj. 13. A public meeting was held in relation to the 
Colonie burial ground, Hon. Jacob Lansing, chairman. 
A committee was appointed to investigate the subject of 
its condition, and the necessity of protecting it from fur- 
ther dilapidation, or of removing the remains to some 
other place. 

Aug. 15. Wm. L. Stone died, aged 52; formerly editor 
of the Albany Daily Advertiser. 

Mrs. Lydia Ettridge died at White Pigeon, Michigan, 
aged 61. 

Aug. 17. H. G. 0. Rogers died in New York, aged 48. 

Au. 22. Eleanor, wife of Col. Samuel Hawley, died, 
aged 57. 

Aug. 26. Augusta, wife of Joshua Brockway, Jr., died. 

Sept. 6. Jane Betts died, aged 90. 

Sept. 10. Peter V. Bradt died, aged 45. 

Sept. 1 1 . Catharine Amanda Van Heusen died, aged 22. 

Sept. 19. Sophia, wife of Josiah Platt, died. 

Sept. 28. Eliza, wife of Col. Nicholas Van Rensselaer, 
died at Gif enbush, aged 85. 



354 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



1844. 



Sept. 30. The new route of the Mohawk and. Hudson 
rail road having been completed, the trains began to pass 
over it on this day. The inclined planes were now dis- 
pensed with, and the locomotive passed down the Tivoli 
creek and into the heart of the city, to the Maiden lane 
depot and the Boston ferry, where two roads met, and 
the great mass of the traveling public was landed on the 
Maiden lane side walk from east and west. A very great 
change immediately came over this terminus. If any 
one had been curious about the exact number of carts, 
coaches, cabs, hacks and hand-carts which the city con- 
tained, he could have taken the census here when the 
cars arrived. Dean street was also metamorphosed. 
Nothing like the change now going on had been witnessed 
in that out-of-the-way place since Stewart Dean came 
home from China in his little Albany craft, when the 
corporation, in a paroxysm of public spirit, as the cheap- 
est way of doing honor to the renowned skipper, changed 
its ugly name of Dock street to Dean street. It had out- 
lived its worst days, and its destiny henceforward was 
onward and upward. Stanwix Hall, too, was no longer 




Stanwix Hall. 

a doubtful experiment of desolate granite, splendid as a 
building, and melancholy as an investment; but a bril- 



1844. Notes from the Newspapers."* 355 

liant and thronged hotel; its windows glittering with 
light, its gay concert room alive with the beauty and 
fashion of the town, its rooms and its saloons rife with 
the stir of busy merchants and planningpoliticians. Old 
Fort Stanwix had a lively child in this, its namesake; 
and its enterprising proprietor who had brave and hon- 
orable memorial associated with the name, saw brighter 
days smile at last on his spirit. Even the ice, which 
kept undisputed sway of Maiden lane for half the year, 
the sun having very little personal acquaintance with its 
pavement, now disappears before the first ^>f July, and 
horses look less despairingly at its heavy ascent. 

Sept. 30. Susan, wife of Wm. Mascord, died, aged 50. 
Juliaette, widow of L. G. Renauddied, aged 31. 
John Brower died, aged 85. 

Oct. 1. Charles H. Boardman died, aged 35. 

William Durant, an eminent merchant, died, 
aged 69. 

Oct. 3. Jane, widow of Nathaniel S. Skinner, died, 
aged 72. 

Oct. 7. The Albany Rural Cemetery was consecrated. 
The military and firemen joined with the citizens in an 
imposing procession, and the services were held on the 
grounds. An address was delivered by Hon. D. D. Bar- 
nard, and the clergy performed the customary exercises, 
which were published at length in the newspapers. 

James Fitzpatrick died, aged 22. 

Oct. 13. Wm. C. Covert died, aged 23. 

Amanda, wife of Wm. Thorn, died, aged 31. 

Oct. 16. Addison F. Guernsey died, aged 36. 
George W. Was^ort died, aged 24. 

Oct. 17. Eliza C. wife of John M. Newton died, aged 36. 

Oct. 34. John McCulloch died, aged 26. 
David Strain 'died, aged 21. 

Oct. 31. Cyrrel Gillett died, aged 52; keeper of the 
Washington Hall. 

Nov. 1. Isabella, wife of Walter S. McCulloch, died, 
aged 33. 

Nov. 3. Elizabeth, wife of James P. Gould, died, 
aged 54. 



356 Notes from the Newspapers. 1844. 

Nov. 5. Election. Henry G. Wheaton was elected to 
congress, and Ira Harris to the assembly. There was a 
whig majority in the county for Henry Clay. The aggre- 
gate vote of the county was very materially increased since 
the last gubernatorial election in 1842. At the presiden- 
tial election in 1840, the county gave for Harrison, 6,372, 
for Van Buren, 5,944, and 45 for the anti-slavery candid- 
ate; total, 12,361. In 1842, the vote of the county for 
governor stood, for Bouck, 6,076, for Bradish, 6,272. 
anti slavery, 87; total, 12,435. The presidential vote 
for the present year was, for Clay 7, 109, for Polk, 6,907, 
anti-slavery about 100; total 14,116. 

Nov. 8. Julia Ann, widow of Hugh Frazer, died, 
aged 37. 

Nov. 10. John Thomson, a noted botanic physician, 
and son of the founder of that system of practice, died in 
New York, aged 43. 

Nov. 11. Levinus G. Winne died, aged 24. 

Nov. 12. The projectors of the Gas light company 
having obtained a charter some years before this, but 
failing to get the stock subscribed, now made anew effort 
with entire success. 

Nov. 18. Elizabeth, wife of John Van Buren, died. 
Peter Joraleman died, aged 56. 

Nov. 25. At a meeting of the common council, Alder- 
man Dexter proposed to raise the salary of the deputy 
chamberlain to $900; the city superintendents to $600 
each, and the marshal to $600. Mr. Van Ness thought 
it singular that salaries should be raised at a time when 
produce was so low. Mr. McMullen remarked that but- 
ter was 15 cents a pound, and that was not low! 

Nov. 28. Josephine L., wife of H. A. Hopkins, died, 
aged 25. 

Nov. 29. Charles E. Whitney died, aged 24. 

Nov. 30. Jane Ann, wife of Gerret W. Bell, died, aged 
26. 

The following report of the commerce of Albany was 
made by the harbormaster for the present year: 



1844. Notes from ths Newspapers. 357 

47 steam boats, 14,539 tons. 

245 schooners, 17,431 

65 tow boats 10,256 

411 sloops, 22,905 

7 scows, 386 

The tonnage for seven years was as follows: 

1833 36,721 1842, 49,356 

1839 40,3(59 1843, 55,354 

1840, 39,416 1844, 65,507 

1841, 50,797 

Dec. 1. Eleanor, wife of Adam Shields, Jr., died. 

Elizabeth Gilles^ie died, aged 54. 
Dec. 5. Susan, wife of Samuel W. King, died, aged 24. 
Henry Trowbridge, founder of the Albany 

Museum, died, aged 69. 

Dec. 6. Christian Miller died, aged 78. He was born 
in Hanau, Germany, March 7, 1767, and coming to this 
country at the age of 14 years, became a clerk to Mr. 
Thomas, an extensive grocer in the city of New York, 
with whom he remained until he was 21 years of age, 
His deportment during this time secured to him the con- 
fidence and esteem of others, who were anxious to secure 
his services. Through the solicitations of John Tayler, 
an Albany merchant, he was induced to come to this city 
in 1789. He continued in the employ of Mr. Tayler as 
chief clerk until 1792, when he opened a store on his own 
behalf, and continued actively and prosperously engaged 
until 1825, when he retired from business. He was some 
time agent for John Jacob Astor in the fur business. On 
the 30th April, 1789. he was on duty as an artillerist at 
the inauguration of Washington. For very many of the 
last years of his life he discharged with usefulness and 
ability, the duties of several offices, both civil and ecclesi- 
astical. He was long an officer of the Second Reformed 
Protestant Dutch church, and noted for his charities. A 
tablet to his memory has been placed in that church. 
Dec. 7. N. B. Bassett died at Schenectady, aged 74, 
Dec. 8. John Meacham died, aged 59. 
Dec. 11. James Hunter died, aged 21. 
[Annals, x.] 31 



358 Notes from the Newspapers. 1844. 

Dec. 13. Catharine Ann, wife of Thatcher Pool, died, 
aged 37. 

Dec. 17. The river closed. 

Dec. 18. The State Normal School was opened in the 
building now known as Van Vechten Hall, which was 
leased by the city authorities of the Mohawk & Hudson 
rail road company at an annual expense of about $1200. 

Dec. 19. The supervisors in conjunction with the 
mayor and recorder, directed a proper site to be pro- 
cured upon which to erect a penitentiary. 

Dec. 25. Jane, widow of Adam Todd, died, aged 82. 

The First Methodist society dedicated their new church 
edifice in Hudson street, near Philip, the Rev. John N. 
Maffit officiating. 

The Burgesses Corps went down to Hudson at the re- 
quisition of the sheriff, to assist in protecting the jail 
against a threatened invasion by the Antirenters. The 
Emmet Guards went down also a few days after. 

Dec. 28. Mrs. Hannah Rodgers died, aged 41. 

Dec. 31. The Governor ordered out the Artillery, the 
Van Rensselaer Guards and the Washington Riflemen, to 
assist in quelling the disturbances in Hudson. The five 
Albany companies on duty numbered 250 rank and file. 

During the past year there had been 29 fires and 9 
alarms. Loss of property valued at $17,278; insured, 
$12,705. 

1845. 

Jan. 1. The Townsend House, which had been erected 
on the site of the old Montgomery Hall, was opened as a 
hotel. 

Jan. 5. Mrs. Betsey Wood, daughter of the late Ste- 
phen W. Johnson, died, aged 58. 

Jan. 6. At a meeting of the common council, on motion 
of Alderman Worthington, the hour for ringing the morn- 
ing bell was changed from 8 o'clock to sunrise, to com- 
mence on tip 1st February. The time was afterwards 
changed to 7 o'clock. It was also ordered that the Fourth 
Presbyterian bell should be rung. 



1845. Notes from the Newspapers. 359 

Jan. 7. David V. P. Colvin died, aged 45. 

Jan. 13. James Leddy died, aged 53. 

Jan. 14. James Wilson died, late of Glasgow, aged 42. 
John S. Beeckman died at Greenbush. 

Jan. 15. Joseph W. Lloyd died, aged 39. 

Lucy Ann, wife of James C. Crocker, died, 
aged 25. 

Jan. 18. Elizabeth, wife of Capt. Thomas Hallett, 
died, aged 43, 

Jan. 20. Lydia, wife of F. G. Oliver, died, aged 25. 

Jan. 22. Isaac L. K. Miller died, aged 23. 
Mrs. Nancy Paul died, aged 103. 

Jan. 23. A defalcation of $40,000 discovered in the 
account of Alex. H. Lovett, teller of the Commercial 
Bank. 

Jan. 30. Mrs. Walter Whitney died, aged 85. 

Feb. 3. John Ramsey died, aged 80. 

Feb. 5. Mrs, Catharine Burton died at Blandford, 
Mass., aged 70. 

Feb. 10. John Outwin died, aged 55. 

Feb. 13. Maria Catharine, wife of Wm. Egglestone, 
died, aged 37. 

Feb. 15. Henry, son of L. K. Norton, died, aged 26. 

Feb. 16. Samuel Carey died, aged 79. 

Elizabeth Harris died, aged 24. 

Feb. 17. Mrs. Anna Walker died, aged 57. 

Feb. 18. Lydia, wife of William Bishop, died. 

Feb. 19. Julia, wife of S. V. R. Watson, died, aged 23. 

Feb. 20. Mrs. Eliza E. Smith died, aged 26. 

Feb. 24. River open; steam boat Norwich arrived. It 
was again temporarily obstructed. 

Feb. 25. Rebeckah, widow of Samuel Payn, died, aged 
70. 

Feb. 26. Ten Eyck Quackenbush died, aged 26. 

Feb. 27* Sarah, wife of George Crawford, died, aged 45, 

Feb. 28. A fire destroyed the African Methodist church, 
a wocden edifice in rear of District school No. 2, on State 
street. 

March 2. Mary H. Moor died, aged 77. 



360 Notes from the Newspapers. 1845. 

March 7. Mary M., widow of Myndert Lansing, died, 
aged 78. 

March 10. Tabitha wife of Lemuel Steele died at Utica. 
Leverett C. Dyer died. 
Henry Y. Webb died, aged 88. 
Sarah, widow of Wm. Bates, died, aged 84. 

March 13. Enoch McCammon died, aged 70. He was 
reared in the iron region of New Jersey, and in 1807 was 
induced to take charge of what is now Tovvnsend's Fur- 
nace, believed to be the oldest north of the Highlands, 
and established by men reared in an iron district, like 
himself. The connection continued uninterrupted for a 
single hour during nearly forty years; maintained by 
rare skill, untiring diligence and the most scrupulous in- 
tegrity on the one side, and by warm respect and confi- 
dence without limit on the other. 

March 14. Jane, wife of Evert Wynkoop, died. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Hermans, died, 
aged 58. 

March 20. Samuel Swazey died, aged 67. 

March 22. John O'Neil died, aged 53. 

March 25. Donald McDonald died. 

The corporation, having obtained possession of the 
Arbor hill burial ground, resolved to convey it to Mr. 
Van Rensselaer. It appears that two lots, Nos. 35 and 
36, north of the city of Albany, were conveyed by Ste- 
phen Van Rensselaer, 31st Oct. 1764, in consideration of 
2, to Dirck Bradt and eleven other individuals, pro- 
vided they did not apply the same to private or secular 
use, but the same to remain and be used for a cemetery 
or church yard, " to bury dead corpses of all persons 
whatsoever that now dwell in or may hereafter inhabit 
the manor of Rensselaervryck, or any part thereof." 
(Deed Book G, p. 587.) This was not in the city, but 
what was afterwards Water vliet. In 1801, Colonie, a 
part of Watervliet, was erected into a separate district, 
with five trustees. In 1808, the town of Colonie was 
erected from the town of Watervliet. In 1815, that part 
of the town of Colonie in which the burying ground was 



1845. Notes from the Newspapers. 361 

situated, was annexed to the city of Albany, and the 
other part to the town of Watervliet. In 1842, Sept. 27, 
the cemetery was sold by the corporation for assess- 
ments. 

April 5. Obed M. Coleman, inventor of the ^Eolian 
attachment to the piano, and the automaton accordion 
player, died at Saratoga, aged 28. 

April 6. Rebecca, wife of William B. Winne, died, 
aged 66. 

The steam boat Swallow was wrecked near Athens, 
and several lives were losl^ among whom were the follow- 
ing belonging to this city: 
William Davis, aged 23. 
Anna Wood, aged 30. 
Lucinda Wood, aged 28. 

This was felt to be one of the most appalling disasters 
that ever happened on the river, the particulars of which 
were fully given in the papers of the day, and also a dia- 
gram showing the position of the wreck; by which it 
would seem, looking at it from this distance of time, 
that it could only have been the result of design. 
April 7.. Charles S. Raymond died, aged 40. 
April Charter election; the democrats elected a mayor 
and a majority of aldermen. 

John K. Paige, democrat, for mayor, 3148 

Friend Humphrey, whig, 3124 

Jacob Lansing, native American, 160 

Nathaniel SafFord, abolition, 12 

WHIG. Aldermen. DEMOCRAT. 

1st Ward. William Mink, l, r >7 Pa'rick B. Rooney, . 296 

Samuel Watson, 138 Homer R. Pheh s. . 

2d Ward. Wm. H. Hill, 220 Bei.j. Thomas, ... 

Elijah Col)b, 221 Samuel Westcott, 



3d Ward.G V. S. Bleecker,. 

H. B Haswell,... 
4th Ward. James Goold, 

John D. Hewson,. 

Thos. Kirkpatrick, 
5th Ward. Jacob H. T'n Lyck 

Robert H. Piuyn,. 
Cth Ward. J. A. Livingston,. 

Robert McColiom, 



477 John E. Hermans, . 

4-59 John M. Huhes, . 

425 John W. Harcourt, 

473 Legrand Smilh,... 

83 

292 Edward Artcher,.. 

282 Hiram Bromley,... 

296 D. V. N. RadclifF, 

296 C. Van Benthysen,. 310 



323 
347 
342 
424 
4,00 
345 
307 

223 

220 
210 



362 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



1845. 



WHIG. Aldermen. 

1th Ward. John W. Cluett.. . 142 



W. Frothingharri, 
8th Ward. Wm. B. Scott, . . 

Giles K. Winne,. 
9th Ward. George Traver, . . 

Thomas Coulson, 
IQth Ward, -Michael Artcher, 

Philander Coley, 

In the 7th ward there 



134 
246 
235 
459 
467 
306 
285 



DEMOCRAT. 

Timothy Spears, 308 

S. V. R. Ableman,.. 317 

John McKnight, 329 

David D. Ramsey, .. 335 

Eli Perry, 469 

Watts Sherman, .... 416 

James Rose, 2S2 

Robert D. Watson,.. 280 

American 



was a Native American ticket 
for all the offices, numbering about 67 votes. 

April 8. Ann Dunkin, wife of John S. Van Rensselaer, 
died. 

April 9. A weekly Antirent paper was begun by 
Thomas A. Devyr, called The Albany Freeholder. 

April 10. Catalina Visscher, widow of Isaac H. Bo- 
gart, died, aged 76. 

Eliza, wife of P. J. Arnott, died, aged 37. 
April 14. The Albany Daily Advertiser, begun in 1815, 
and the Albany Gazette, begun in 1784, and the oldest 
newspaper in the state of New York, were discontinued. 
April 13. Sarah, wife of Abraham Vosburgh, died, 
aged 84. 

Henry H. Bailey died, aged 35. 

April 15. The new board of common council met and 
elected its officers. 

S. H. H. Parsons, clerk. 
H. H. Hickcox, deputy chamberlain. 
Lewis Benedict, Jr., attorney. 
April 16. Jacob Hochstrasser died. 

John Gilligan died, aged 36. 
April 21. Mrs. Mary McGourkey died, aged 77. 
April 24. Abigail, wife of Asaph Beebe, died, aged 40. 
April 27. Daniel Hawe died, aged 22. 
April 29. Sarah A. wife of E. P. Freeman, died, aged 
33. 

Caroline M., wife of Christopher Y. Lan- 
sing, died. 

Expenses of the almshousefor the past quarter, $2,754. 
Expended in the year ending April 1844, for out-door 
relief, $4,365.02; do 1845, $2,015.79. 



1845. Notes from the Newspapers. 363 

May 6. Timothy Fassett died, aged 64. 

Margaret E., wife of Benjamin Havens, died, 
aged 28. 

May 9. Silas F. Hedges died, aged 28. 

May 12. Judge Sutherland died in this city, on his way 
to Geneva. 

Mrs. Rebecca Main died, aged 84. 

May 13. Jared L. Rathbone, of the firm of Rathbone 
& Chapin, died. He was a native of Salem, Ct., and 
came to this city in 1812. He was an enterprising mer- 
chant; had been a member of the common council, and 
mayor of the city. 

May 14. Ann, widow of David Williams, died, aged 80.. 

May 17. Louisa, wife of Ira Harris, died, aged 35. 

May 21. Ann Elizabeth, wife of James Hartness, died, 
aged 36. 

May 22. Isaac S. Ward died, aged 25. 

May 25. Mrs. Margaret Grant died, aged 83. 

May 29. Margaret Thompson died. 

June 1. Rev. Dr. Potter took leave of his congregation 
at St. Peter's church, with the purpose of visiting Europe. 

June 5. Elsie, wife of Abram Rosekrans, died, aged 63. 

June 7. John Brinckerhoflf died, aged 32. 
Samuel Swan died, aged 52. 

June 9. A new bell weighing 2800 pounds was put into 
the tower of the Second Presbyterian church. 

June 9. John Hill died, aged 47. 

June 10. Oliver C. Gracie died, aged 56. 

June 16. John Alden died, aged 36. 

Annette Hall died, aged 97. 

June 15. An effort was made in the common council 
to restore the water pumps in State street, which had 
been recently removed. 

June 18. Killian K. Van Rensselaer died, aged 82. 
He was the son of Killian Van Rensselaer of Greenbush; 
was born in 1763, and educated for the legal profession, 
in which he for many years held a high rank in this city. 
He served for several years in the common council, and 
was a representative iu congress five terms, from 1801 to 



364 Notes from the Newspapers. 1845. 

3811. He was also a member of the consistory of the 
Reformed Protestant Dutch church. 

June 19. Margaret Jones died, aged 52. 

June 30. The funeral obsequies of Gen. Jackson were 
performed by the civic societies and military companies. 
Great preparations were made on the occasion, but a 
drenching rain fell during the whole time of the proces- 
sion. 

July 4. At the general celebration, Isaac Vanderpoel 
delivered the oration, and R. S. Cushman read the De- 
claration. Before the Young Men's Association, Samuel 
Wilkeson, Jr., delivered the oration, and H. Terrell read 
the Declaration. Before the Temperance societies, ora- 
tions by Samuel G. Courtney and John H. Canoll; read- 
ing Declaration by Jacob C. Cuyler. 

July 7. The mortality of the last month to this date 
was 64; males 37, females 27; under 5 years of age 38; 
between 5 and 10, 4; between 10 and 20, 2; between 20 
and 30, 4; between 30 and 50, 10; between 50 and 70, 5; 
one 80; one 82; one 97; unknown 4. 

July 9. Joseph Henry died, aged 23. 

July 13. John Parker died, aged 62. 

"William Harrison Stewart, formerly a music 
teacher in Albany, died in New York. 

July 14. Mary Helmes died, aged 87. 

There were 11 fire engines (2 without companies), 2 
hook and ladder companies, 1 hose and 1 axe company. 
During the last six months there had been 23 fires and 
12 alarms; amount of property destroyed $36,152, on 
which was insured $28,609. 

July 16. The steam boat Rip Van Winkle made her 
first appearance, Capt. L. D. Abell. She was 220 feet 
in length, 26 feet beam, and drew 3 ft. 10 in. water; was 
propelled by LighthaH's horizontal and half beam engine, 
having a 44 inch cylinder, and a 10 foot stroke. 

July 17. Margaret wife of Robert Van Rensselaer died. 

July 21. William Voorhees died, aged 54. 

Mary, wife of John Patterson, died, aged 66. 

July 22. John Allen died, aged 49. 



1845. Notts from the Newspapers. 365 

July 30. Catharine, wife of W. W. Van Zandt, died, 
aged 34. 

Alice J., wife of Alex. Sheldon, died at Florida, Mont- 
gomery county. 

Aug. 13. Frederick W. Cole died, aged 30. 

Aug. 15. Obadiah R. Van Benthuysen died, aged 59. 
Mr. Van Benthuysen was bred a bookbinder, but having 
associated himself with Mr. Robert Packard in 1813, be- 
came one of the best practical printers in the state. His 
highly inventive mind enabled him not only to avail 
himself of every improvement, but to advance and ele- 
vate his favorite art. He was one of the first to apply 
in this country, through his own ingenuity and capital, 
the steam engine to printing presses. He was also the 
first to apply steam power to the casting of types. From 
1824 to 1839 he was an associate proprietor with Edwin 
Croswell, of the Albany Argus; and it was under his 
immediate supervision, during all that time, that the 
state printing was executed. 

Aug. 18. Rufus Putnam died, aged 52. 

Aug. 19. Thomas Jenkinson died, aged 24. 

Aug. 27. James T. Clark died, aged 23. 

Sept. 1. Augustus Graham died, aged 43. 

Sept. 4. Lansing V. De Freest died, aged 24. 
Owen J. Egbert died, aged 44. 

Sept. 6. Mrs. Phoebe McKelvey died, aged 78. 
Thomas Patterson died, aged 23. 

Sept. 8. Catharine C., wife of Charles B. Lansing, died. 
Samuel Graham died, aged 41. 
John R. Richardson died, aged 47. 

The common council directed the police office to be 
removed from the basement of the City Hall to the Centre 
Market. 

Sept. 10. Elizabeth, wife of David Holt, died, aged C5. 

The census showed the following comparative gain of 
population in Albany and Troy during the last fifteen 
years: ALBANY. TROY. 

1835,.... 28,109 1835, 16.959 

1840, 33,663 1840,.... 19,373 

1845, 41,152 1845, 21,681 



366 Notes from the Newspapers. 1845. 

Sept. 12. Thomas V. Z. Merrifield died, aged 28. 

Ellen, wife of Matthew Owens, died, aged 76. 

Sept. 13. Sarah, wife of John Hughes, died, aged 29. 

Sept. 14. Sarah M., wife of Wm. H. Pollard, died, 
aged 29. 

Sept, 15. Capt. James Benson died in New York, aged 
45. From 1827 to 1839 he commanded the steam boats 
Saratoga, North America and Erie. 
' Sept. 21. The steam boat Oregon, a marvel of a boat, 
made her first appearance at the landing, and attracted a 
crowd of visitors. 

Sept. 26. Alexander Cummings died, aged 41. 

Sept. 27. Mrs. Elizabeth McBurney died, aged 77. 

Oct. 1. Ellen, wife of John Glen, died, aged 72. 

Oct. 2. James Waddell died, aged 82. 

Oct. 3. Capt. Eliakim Ford died, aged 60. 

Margaret, widow of Wm. Brower, died, aged 78. 

Oct. 4. Mrs. Hannah Creer, died, aged 56. 

Oct. 5. Mrs. Nancy Gould died, aged 84. 

Oct. 6. Samuel Van Vechten died, aged 29. 
John H. Wightman died, aged 40. 

Oct. 7. Interments for the month, ending this day, 72; 
males 40, females 32. 

Oct. 9. The Hendrik Hudson made her first appear- 
ance at the landing of the People's line, a perfect wonder 
of steam boat architecture to all beholders, of 1170 tons 
burden. 

Oct. 13. Eliza, wife of George Morse, died, aged 39. 
Harriet M. wife of Nicholas Pike died, aged 20. 

Oct. 17. Amelia, wife of George Pike, died, aged 48. 

Oct. 29. Matthew M. Van Alstyne died, aged 37. 

Nov. 2. Angus McDuffie died, aged 54: formerly sheriff 
of the county. 

Nov. 3. Mrs. Dorothy Brown died, aged 83. 
Mrs. Mary D. Shiffer died, aged 70.. 

Nov. 4. Election; Ira Harris received 6,296 votes for 
assembly, and was elected. 

Nov. 5. Gertrude, wife of Jas. Loatwall, died, aged 30. 
Mendwell, wife of Wm. Stead, died, aged 68.. 



1845. Notes from the Newspapers. 367 

Nov. 8. Mrs. Mary Milton died, aged 86. 

Mrs. Lydia Ann Pike died, aged 43. 
Nov. 10. The first experiment of the gas works was 
made by lighting some of the most public streets, as a 
preparatory trial of the pipes. 

Nov. 9. During a severe blow, the walls of the Peni- 
tentiary, which were ready to receive the roof, were 
blown down. 

Nov. 11. Philo K. Cole died, aged 39. 
Nov. 29. Canal closed, having been open 225 days. 
Nov. 13. William Clark engaged in drawing clay was 
drowned with his span 6f horses in the Hudson street 
pond; driver, horses and wagon were engulphed and en- 
tirely disappeared in that abyss. 

Nov. 23. Anna, widow of Henry Truax, died, aged 77. 
Nov. 27. Catharine Linacre died, aged 50. 
Nov. 28. Mary, wife of John Freeman, died at Roches- 
ter, aged 18. 

Elizabeth, widow of Lyman Root, died. 
Nov. 30. Anna L., wife of Dr. James H. Armsby, and 
daughter of Hon. Gideon Hawley, died, aged 25. 
Mrs. Rachel Judd died, aged 78. 
Henry W. Mayer died, aged 23. 
William Salisbury died, aged 37. 
Dec. 1. Julius A. Varney died, aged 24. 
The following sums were directed to be raised by tax: 

For city watch and lamps, $23,000 

contingencies 20,000 

intertst on city debt, 10,000 

account of city debt and interest under 

actof 1844, 25.000 

loan for erecting school houses, 2,950 

common schools 7,635^.70 

temporary relief of poor, 7,000 

$95,585.70 
Dec. 2. Elijah Tripp died, aged 44. 

Alexander H. Lovett died in China. 
Dec. 3. The Third Presbyterian church was dedicated. 



368 Notes from the Newspapers. 1845. 

Dec. 3. Mary P. Falconer died, aged 21. 
The river closed. 

Dec. 5. Mrs. Janet McPherson died, aged 85. 

Dec. 9. Cornelius Egberts died, aged 48. 

Dec. 10. Arthur C. Southvvick died. 

Dec. 15. Francis Dvvight, editor of the District School 
Journal, died. 

Dec. 27. Sally M., wife of Ralph S Lewis, died, aged 29. 

Dec. 29. Mary Ann, widow of Richard Walker, died, 
aged 49. 

1846. 

Jan. 2. Isabella, wife of Job Bendall, died, aged 42. 

Jan. 6. Abram Franks died, aged 40. 

Jan 15. George A. Hoyt died, aged 52. 

Mary, widow of Daniel Pohlman died, aged 74. 

Jan. 12. The chief engineer of the fire department re- 
ported that there were 11 engine companies, 2 hook and 
ladder companies, 1 hose company, and 1 axe company. 
In the year 1845, there were 42 fires and 21 alarms; Joss 
of property $57,232, on which there was insured $43, 252. 
This was about double the number of fires and loss of 
any year since 1839. 

Jan. 14. Abraham Rosekranse died at Mobile, aged 27. 

Jan. 20. Thomas Russell died, aged 73; of the late 
firm of Thomas & Joseph Russell, who came to this city 
about 1805, from New Bedford, Mass., and established 
themselves as painters and glaziers. Soon after con- 
necting a paint and drug store with the mechanical busi- 
ness, they were extensively known for more than thirty 
years as an industrious and thrifty firm, and accumulated 
handsome fortunes. 

Jan. 20. William Gould, law bookseller, died, aged 72. 
He came to this city in 1809, from New Jersey, and es- 
tablished a large and prosperous business, in which he 
became wealthy. He was the senior partner, at the time 
of his death, of the house of Gould, Banks & Gould. 

Jan. 22. Mrs. Harriet A. Williams died, aged 48. 

Jan. 26. Jane Ann, wife of George T. Carter, died, 
aged 35. 



1846. Notes from the Newspapers. 369 

Jan. 29. Ann, widow of John W. Yates, died. 
Tan. 30. Eliza Austin died, aged 38. 

Mrs. Jane A. Tryon died, aged 35. 
Jan. 31. Mrs. Elizabeth Lyons died. 
Feb. 2. Thomas Lawrence died, aged 40. 
Feb. 4. Mary, wife of John Buckbee, died. 
Feb. 5. Stephen P. Schuyler died, aged 66. 
Feb. 8. Philip Burnop died, aged 76. 

Isaac Sitterly died, aged 91. 
Feb. 10. John White died, aged 57. 
Feb. 11. Casparus F. Pruyn died, aged 54. 

Gideon Demirtg died, aged 90. 
Feb. 13. Isaac Packard died, aged 76. 
Feb. 14. \Vm. Spencer died, aged 39. 
Feb. 15. Mrs. Clarissa Capron died, aged 54. 
Feb. 19. Capt. Samuel Parks died, aged 42. 

Julia Griffin died, aged 25. 

Charles P. Chapman died. 
Feb. 26. Patrick Gayner died, aged 27. 

Mrs. Agnes Edgar died, aged 62. 
March 2. Mary wife of Barnard McManus died, aged 35. 

Lucy Brown died, aged 78. 
March 3. Daniel Delahanty died, aged 73. 

George Guardenier died, aged 46. 
March 4. John Campbell died, aged 32. 
March 16. Almira, wife of Humphrey Clark, died, 
aged 34. 

The river opened as far down as Hudson, but was ob. 
structed between that city and Catskill, preventing com- 
munication with New York by water. 
March 17. Steam boat Columbia arrived. 
March 18. Catharine, daughter of Philip Phelps, died, 
aged 27. 

The steam boat St. Nicholas came on about this time. 
March 25. Moritz Wollensack died, aged 68. 

Mary wife of Edward Truax died, aged 22. 
March 28. Thomas W. Ford died, aged 76. 
March 29. George G. Olmsted died, aged 52. 
March 31. Mary, wife of James Morrell, died, aged 48. 
[Annals, x.] 32 



370 Notes from the Newspapers. 1846. 

April. The steam propeller Mohawk arrrved at this 
city from Hartford in 36 hours; performing the quietest 
trip that had been made by water between the two cities. 
April 2. Jacob Angus died, aged 29. 
Job Gould died, aged 80. 
Jane Ann, wife of William Ellis, died. 
April 3. Harriet A. wife of T. S. Gillett died, aged 22. 
April 4. Mrs. Elizabeth McCrea died, aged 75. 
April 5. Rachel, widow of Henry Yates, died, aged 81. 
The common council were at this time discussing 
earnestly the project of introducing water more abund- 
antly into the city. A report on the subject had been 
made at a previous meeting of the board by Alderman 
Haswell, who now presented the form of a law for the 
purpose of effecting the object. It was estimated that 
the expense would be as much as $100,000! 

April 1 2. Maria B. wife of David Benson died, aged 38. 
April 14. Charter election: whigs triumphant. 

Wm. Parmerlee for mayor, . 3,106 

John Key es Paige, do 2,512 

594 maj. 

WHIGS. Aldermen. DEMOCRATS. 

1st Ward.E. C. Warner, 182 Richard Parr., 266 

Samuel Watson,.. 183 P. B. Rooney, 267 

2d Waid. H. C. Whelpley. .. 266 John W. Harcourt, 253 

Elijah Cobb, 230 John S. Kinney, 249 

3d Ward. He ry Greene, 447 Wm. J. Fryer, 337 

Jas. H. Pease,... 441 M. Hendrickson 332 



4th Ward. Johrv D. Hewson, 
JameH Goold,. . . . 

Sth Ward. Andrew White, . . 
Robert H. Pruyn. 



6th Ward.- J. A. Livingston, 
Thomas McElroy, 



385 Isaiah Townsend, 222 

389 George Warren, 219 

272 Wm. Nessle, 155 

275 David Newcomb, 163 



246 Jamts Maher, 165 

256 Wm. A. Young, 179 

1th Ward. Zebina Belknap^ . . 247 Charles Chapman, 260 

Uri Burt, 235 John Van Ness, jr., 267 

8th Ward. Giles K. Winne, . . 202 John Harrison, 219 

Elkanah Hunter,.. 209 Gerrit Gates, 195 

9th Ward. Arthur H. Root,.. 454 Eli Warlord, 238 

Theo. Watkins,,.. 489 Daniel P. Clark, 218 

10th JFareJ.-Joshua I. Jones, . . 391 Richard Yates, 264 

Edmund Dorr, 391 H. H. Van Dyck, 260 

April 14. Phebe, widow of Capt. John Gager, died, 
aged 75- 



1846. Notes from the Newspapers. 371 

April 15. Richard Hilton died, aged 87. 

April 16. Rebecca widow of Elijah Judson died, aged 69. 

April 18 Jonathan Burdick died, aged 76. 
John Kenyon died, aged 45. 
Jeremiah Smith died, aged 50. 

April 21. Magdeline, wife of Joseph Coughtry, died, 
aged 25. 

April 28. Election for members of the convention for 
revising the constitution; Ira Harris elected from this 
city. 

May 2. Timothy Gladding died, aged 71. 
James Colvin died, aged 70. 

May 11. Mrs. Hannah Stevens died, aged 73. 

May 12. Agnes McLachlan died, aged 38. 

May 14. Robert Harris died, aged 53. 
Levi Sanderson died, aged 30. 

May 18. Benjamin Knower died at Marseilles, aged 33. 

May 30. Oliver Cotter died, aged 39. 

June 1 . Meeting of the convention to revise the con- 
stitution. 

June 2. Andrew Wollensack died, aged 37. 
Lewis Becker died, aged 39, 

June 9. Owen Warner died, aged 56. 

June 10. John Humphries died in New York, aged 79. 

June 12. Elizabeth Thompson died, aged 72, 

June 14. James Wood died, aged 64. 

June 18. Elizabeth Nelson Eager, died aged 25. 

June 19. Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel White, died, 
aged 49. 

June 22. Adaline Augusta, wife of W. Brown, died, 
aged 27. 

June 25. John T. S. Hansen died, aged 33. 

July 2. Peter C. Jones died, aged 34. 
William Lush died. 

July 3. Peter Boyd died. The father of Mr. Boyd 
arrived here from Scotland in 1774, and his ten sons 
were born and educated in the city, The deceased com- 
menced business as a merchant in 1803, and the firm of 
Peter & John I. Boyd was extensively known from that 



372 Notes from the Newspapers. 1846. 

time until 1830, for its probity and honorable dealing. 
Mr. Boyd was an active member of the First Presbyte- 
rian church, and diligently occupied in doing good. 

July 9. Dolly, wife of Daniel Patterson, died, aged 71. 

July 11. Sarah wife of John Richardson died, aged 46, 

July 14. Jacob Moore died. 

July 15. Hannah wife of James N. Straw died, aged 48. 

July 17. Walter Whitney, a revolutionary soldier, 
died aged 87. 

July 21. Mary, widow of John Cuyler, died, aged 71. 

July 23. Joseph S. Bell died, aged 30. 
John C. Judddied, aged 22. 

July 26. Joseph P. Mott died, aged 49. 

July 28. Mrs. Elizabeth Hawley died, aged 83. 

July 29. Rosetta G. 5 wife of George W. Gladding, died, 
aged 34. 

July 30. Margaret Drake died, aged 31. 

Margaiet, widow of Edward Willett, died, 
aged 58. 

July 31. A company of volunteers under Capt. Fris- 
bie left the city for California. 

Aug. 3. William, son of John Tweddle, died, aged 22, 

Aug. 4. Matthew Henry Webster died in New York, 
aged 42. 

Aug, 6. Sarah, daughter of Joseph Robinson, died, 
aged 27, 

Aug. 10. Jane M., wife of C. S. Frink, died, aged 30. 
Jane widow of Win. Jl. Hilton died, aged 57. 

Aug. 13. Moses Tyler died, aged 52. 

Aug. 17. Mrs. Ann W. Johnson died, aged 57, 

Aug. 19. Westerlo Woodvvorth died, aged 35. 

Edward Brown died, aged 75. He was a native of 
Stonington, Conn,, and came to this city near the close 
of the last century, and in connection with his brother 
under the firm name of E. & S. Brown, carried on an ex- 
tensive mercantile business. They were engaged in 
several voyages to China, and built the first brick 
store on the dock at the foot of Hudson street, which 
was taken down in 1845, The Dutchmen told them that 



1846. Notes from the Newspapers. 373 

they would not build there if they had seen the river 
break up. Mr. Brown discharged the duties of dock 
master from 1820 to 1841, under the corporation, when 
the infirmities of age induced him to withraw from active 
pursuits. 

Sept. 2. Eleanor Jane, wife of Williams Gill, died, 
aged 30. 

Sept. 4. Rev. David Abeel, Chinese missionary, died 
at the Manor House, aged 42, and was buried from the 
North Dutch church. 

Sept. 5. De Witt C. Trjiax died, aged 24. 

Sept. 7. Mrs. Patience Godlej died, aged 56. 

Sept. 8. A fire destroyed the brewery and malt house 
of R. Bayd & Co., together with the Mineral Spring 
Garden, and several dwelling houses on Ferry and Arch 
streets. It was the largest fire that had occurred since 
1838. 

John T. Norton was elected president of the Mohawk 
and Hudson rail road in place of Isaac Newton, resigned. 

Sept. 10. Evert Yates died at Fultonville, aged 82. 

Sept. 11. William Kemp died, aged 28. 

Sept. 13. Thomas L. Hartness dfed, aged 37. 

Sept. 16. Elizabeth, wife of Benj. F. Smith, died. 

Sept. IK Catharine, widow of George McCleheran. 
died, aged 78. 

Sept. 22. Elizabeth Johnson died, aged 68. 
Mrs. Maria Lewis died, aged 61. 

Sept. 27. Catharine Westerlo, wife of John Wood- 
worth, died. 

Sept. 30. James Gibson died, aged 85. 

Dr. Henry Van OLinda died, aged 43. 

Oct. 1. Maria, wife of Clias. Low senior, died aged 52. 

Oct. 6. Mrs. Mary Parke died, aged 77. 

Margaret, daughter of the late James McElroy, 
died at Philadelphia, aged 48. 

Oct. 7. John N. Quackenbush died, aged 72. 
Mary M Parker died, aged 26. 

Oct. 8. The convention sitting in this city for the re- 
vision of the constitution, adjourned after a session of 
131 days. 



374 Notes from the Newspapers. 1846. 

Oct. 9. The steam boat Isaac Newton, Capt. W. H. 
Peck, made her first appearance with 800 passengers. 

Oct. 12. Cornelia A., widow of Charles Smyth, died, 
aged 51. 

Henry L. Webb died at Haitford, Conn. He was one 
of the founders of the Canal Bank, and at the time of his 
death president of the Albany Gas Light company. 

Oct. 17. Henry Nichols died at Westport, Ct., aged 43. 

Oct. 18. Eliza, widow of Samuel Dexter, died, aged 84. 
Elizabeth, widow of Robert H.Dunkin, died, 
aged 87. 

Oct. 21. A very destructive fire commenced in the 
stove furnace of McCoy & Clark in Montgomery street, 
which destroyed that establishment, a part of -the steam 
planing mill of John Gibson, the factory of G. C. Tread- 
well, and a large quantity of staves belonging to Wm. 
H. De Witt. It was the largest fire which had occurred 
in several years. 

Oct. 24. Mary E., wife of Henry Brockway, died, 
aged 20. 

Oct. 25. Permelia, wife of Levi Chapman, died. 

Oct. 27. John Howes, of the firm of Howes & North- 
rop, died. 

Oct. 31. Henry W. Holland died, aged 29. 

The expenses of the district schools for the past year 
were $12,280.89. 

Nov. 3. Election. Marcus T. Reynolds was elected to 
the assembly, John I. Slingerland to Congress, Thomas 
Kirkpatrick county clerk, Oscar Tyler sheriff. 

Nov. 5. Georgianna Gibson, died aged 22. 

Nov. 7. John Glin died, aged 73. 

Nov. 11. Elizabeth, wife of Dr. Peter Wendell, died. 

Nov. 12. Maria Winne died, aged 21. 

Nov. 13. William Henry Paddock died, aged 22. 

Nov. 14. Maria, wife of Wm. Henry Kearney, died. 

Nov. 15. Catharine, wife of Henry Lewis, died. 

Nov. 20. Jane widow of Edward Jordan died, aged 49. 

Nov. 21. Bethana Ann Weaver died, aged 26. 

Nov. 26. Adrian D. Clark died at Mobile, aged 21 



1846. Notes from the Newspapers. 375 

Dec. 1. William Lavender died, aged 35. 

Abraham Vosburgh died, aged 92. 
Dec. 7. Harvey Miller died, aged 47. 
Dec. 14. The common council resolved to light the 
City Hall with gas.. 

Dec. 16. Thomas Wright, of the firm of Relyea & 
Wright, died, aged 50. 

The voting and representative population of Albany 
city and county, was as follows: 

City. County. Total. 
Whole population, ... 41,139 36,129 87,268 

Aliens 5,759 1,499 7,258 

Colored, not taxed,.. 752 355 1,109 

Representative, 34,628 34,275 68,903 

Voting, 7,977 7,901 15,878 

Dec. 18. Hannah S., wife of Selleck Whitney, died, 
aged 56. 

Dec. 24. Peter McElroy died, aged 36. 
Dec. 25. Frederick Fredendall died, aged 63. 
Dec. 26. Thomas Gough died, aged 66. 
Dec. 27. Susan Van Benthuisen, wife of Robert Shaw, 
died. 

Dec. 30. Susannah wife of Mellen Battel died, aged 55. 
Dec. 31. Dorothy Gove died, aged 88. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Fisher died. 

1847. 

Jan. 3. The river was open before the city, and the 
weather spring-like. 

Jan. 9. Aaron Lyon died, aged 59. 

Mrs. Hannah Redecar died, aged 55. 

Jan. 11. The common council, before whom the pro- 
ject of a new mode of furnishing the city with water had 
long been pressed, now resolved to subscribe $100,000 as 
soon as $150,000 more of the stock should be taken by 
individuals. 

Oliver H. Perry died, age<J 22. 

Jan. 14. John Campbell died, aged 34. 

The whole amount of taxes assessed upon the city and 



376 Notes from the Newspapers. 1847 

county to meet the expenses of the past year, was $144,- 
943.65. 

Jan. 15. Sarah, widow of John Spencer, died, aged 61. 

Messrs. E. Corning Co. removed into their new store 
in Broadway, which was at the time the most excellent 
one in the city. 

Jan. 18. Mary, widow of George Artcher, died, aged 80. 
Susan B., wife of Henry R. Hoffman, died, 

aged 27. 
Matilda A., wife of Win. Hurst, died, aged 22. 

Subscriptions were at this time being made to the stock 
of the Hudson River Rail Road. 

Feb. 1. A new theatre, called the Odeon, was opened, 
in Broadway. 

Feb. 3. Catharine, widow of Isaac Hamilton, died. 

Feb. 5. John Mills died, aged 26. 

Ann Elizabeth Lyons died, aged 20. 

Feb. 7. Capt. John Iggett died, aged 46. 

Feb. 12. There was a meeting at the Capitol in behalf 
of starving Ireland. 

Feb. 16. George W. Thatcher died, aged 70. 

Feb. 22. Cornelius J. Bounds died, aged 51. 

Feb. 24. Anna, wife of John W. Bell, died, aged 26. 
Susan, widow of Jesse Buel, died, aged 64. 

Feb. 26, Ann Eliza Willett died, aged 39. 

March 1. Wm. M. Northrop died, aged 35. 

Marcl 7. John Wilson died, aged 70. 

Contributions for the relief of the famishing in Ireland 
were taken up in the three Catholic churches, which 
amounted to $5,329. 

March 9. The military and citizens paid funeral hon- 
ors to the remains of Capt. Lewis N. Morris. 

Lyman Phileo died, aged 42. 

March 10. Martin Blunt died, aged 32. 

Mrs. Sarah Miller died, aged 78. 
Russell Buckley died, aged 46. 

March 11. P. M. wife of Ephraim Howard died, aged 65. 

March 14. Mary wife of Richard Thomas died, aged 59. 

March 18. Wife of Wm. H. Mayer died at Fort Plain, 
aged 49. 



1847. Notes from the Newspapers. 377 

March 20. Ann C., widow of Thomas Russell, died, 
aged 75. 

Mrs. Margaret Bloomingdale died, aged 83. 

Philip Schuyler Van Ingen died at Bethany, Va., aged 
46. 

March 24. David Christian died, aged 71. 

March 25. Cynthia M., wife of Henry Johnson, died, 
aged 33. 

The fare to New York by the Housatonic rail road had 
been $5, during the winter; it was now reduced to $3, to 
meet the competition by water. The steam boats came 
within a few miles of the city, but were unable to get 
through the barrier below the overslaugh. 

March 28. Daniel W. Mixter died, aged 24. 

March 30. A jubilee dinner was given to Dr. William 
Bay on the occasion of his completing a half century of 
practice. The fete was celebrated at Congress Hall, Dr. 
T. R. Beck, presiding. 

April 2. Huldah Ann Mead died, aged 32. 

April 5. Sarah, wife of Henry Lathrop, died, aged 48. 

April 8. Mrs. Anna Wood died, aged 75. 

April 7. Jakey Jackson died; an aged and respectable 
colored man, employed all his life in sweeping lawyers' 
offices, daily redeeming them from the dust of litigation, 
and restoring as much natural sweetness in those waste 
places, as could possibly be effected by the aid of a broom 
and watering pot. He was a little old gentleman, grave 
and reverend before a lawyer with his eyes upon a book, 
but jocund as the morning when addressed, and particu- 
larly happy if the recognition was made in Dutch. 

April 10. The river was open and three steam boats 
arrived. For more than a week the boats had tantalized 
the merchants on the dock and pier with the sight of 
their smoke pipes, first from the City Hall, when twelve 
miles below, and from day to day nearer and nearer, till 
they were within sight of their own stores, making vigor- 
ous efforts to push through the ice, within three miles of 
their destination. Relief was anxiously looked for in the 
breaking up of the Mohawk, which took place at last, 



378 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



1847. 



causing such a rise of water and rush of ice, that the 
large wooden storehouse on the pier above the Maiden 
lane cut, was completely demolished, and many thousand 
bushels of grain and feed went down with the flood. 
April 10. Ann, widow of William Stilwell, died. 
April 12. Sarah, wife of John Tweddle, died, aged 51. 
April 13. Marion wife of Joseph Gibson died, aged 33. 
April 13. Election: four parties in the field; whigs 
elected mayor and 14 of the 20 aldermen. 

For mayor William Parmelee, 4088 

James Goold 1168 

M. Heridrickson, 605 

Woodruff, 78 



WHIGS. Aldermen. 

1st Ward. John Milliman,. ,.. 102 

Jacob Schoonmaker, 118 
2d Ward.W. W. Frothingham 142 

Anson McAllaster, . 187 

3d Ward. H. B Haswell,.... 4.12 

G. A. H. Englfchart.. 453 

4th Ward. Franklin Townsend, 411 

Daniel Fry 403 

5th Ward. Andrew White, 287 

R. H. Pruyn, 289 

Gth Ward. John A.Livingston,. 288 

C. M. Jenkins, 282 

1th Ward. Rensselaer West, . . . 298 

Uri Burt, 300 

8th Ward.Wm. B.Scott 274 



H. A. Williams,. 
9th Ward. George Traver,.. 

Wm. Gumming,. 
IQth PFarcJ.-RoswellSteele,... 

Daniel B. Bassett, 



197 
488 
467 
345 
377 



DEMOCRATS. 

Richard Parr, 265 

S. W Harned, 228 

Geo. B. RUgs, 372 

W. W. Forsyth, 306 

Chas. Van Bemhuysen, 282 

H. W. Alien, 311 

Geo. Monteath, 214 

Geo. Clemens 210 

Thos. Hun, 171 

E. R. Satterlee, 161 

W. B. Gonrlay 170 

Geo. W. Luther, 159 

Timothy Spears, 205 

C. Boyd 207 

J. Harrison, 290 

P. McCall, 318 

Robert Hiirsins, 255 

J. D Cady~ 335 

John Cooke, 277 



J. Disney, 230 

April 15. William G. Fry died, aged 42. 

The Second Presbyterian church, which was built in 
1816, at the cost of $75,000, was now thoroughly reno- 
vated by extensive changes in its interior arrangements 
at an expense of $9,000. 

April 16. Mary Capron died, aged 81. 

April 26. Daniel W. Humphrey died, aged 28. 

April 27. Elizabeth wife of John Moffit died, aged 40. 
John Reston died, aged 66. 



1847. Notes from the Newspapers. 379 

April 29. Mrs. John Van Ness Yates died, in N.York. 

May 4. Edmund Lord died, aged 63. 

May 9. Rev. James McDonough, pastor of St. John's 
church in Ferry street, preached his farewell sermon, 
having been transferred to St. James's church, Brooklyn. 
Rev. Mr. McClosky of Schenectady succeeded Mm. 

Rev. Dr. Schneller, who had for more than twelve 
years officiated as pastor of St. Mary's church, was also 
transferred to Brooklyn. 

May 9. Julia A. Covert died, aged 18. 
Hiram Bromley died, aged 43. 

May 10. Eliza, wife of James H. Brooks, died. 

May 14. Alex. McLean died at Buffalo, aged 40. 
_ May 17. Mrs. Nancy Van Ness died, aged 75. 

May 19. John Davis died, aged 40. 

News was received of the murder of Wm. H.Kearney, 
a volunteer in the Mexican war After the American 
army left Vera Cruz, he was sent back with several 
others to bring up some stragglers and the mails, and 
whilst on that duty was shot dowc from the way side by 
the banditti that infested the road, and bayonetted; after 
which his feet were tied together, and his body drawn 
by a horse over the road until his head was so bruised 
that his features could hardly be recognized. 

May 20. Mary E., daughter of the late Rev. John M. 
Bradford, died. 

May 28. John Delehanty died, aged 61. 

Betsey S., wife of James B. Stryker, died 
aged 27. 

May 29. Leonard Beardsley died, aged 25. 

May 30. Mrs. Leah Kane died, aged 74. 
Emeline Mayell died. 

May 31. Joseph Hall died, aged 83. 

June 1. Anna, wife of Charles Scovel, died, aged 32. 

June 7. Lydia, wife of Caleb Benjamin, died, aged 79. 
Mary Jane, wife of Rev. Horatio Potter, died 
at Schenectady. 

Amasa J. Parker and Ira Harris, Esqs., were elected 
justices of the supreme court. 



380 Notes from the Newspapers. 1847. 

June 9. George W. Weed died, aged 35. 
June 19. Henry R. Walker died, aged 25. 
June 20. William W. Crannel died, aged 51. 
June 22. Margaret Henry died, aged 59. 
June 25. Henry Keyes died, aged 5 1 . 
June 26. James McKown died, aged 58. Col. McKown 
was educated to the legal profession under John V. Henry, 
whose law partner he became. He held the office of re- 
corder for 15 years, and resigned in 1838. He was again 
appointed in 1844. During his term the jurisdiction of 
the mayor's court was extended, its character and dig- 
nity increased, and it commanded universal confidence 
and respect. He was several years successively a mem- 
ber of the assembly, and a regent of the university. 
June 26. Mary E., wife of J. K. W T ing, died, aged 28. 
June 29. James Chestney died, aged 95. 
July 1. George Forbey, Jr. died, aged 22. 
July 3. Sarah, wife of Laban W. Keith, died, aged 55. 

Anna L., wife of R. L. Joice, died, aged 25. 
July 5. John W. Van Buren died, aged 34. 

Caroline C., wife of Ezra B. Bennett, died, 

aged 37. 

July 9. Ann widow of Christopher Oley died, aged 70. 
July 14. Cynthia, widow of Timothy Gladding, died. 
July 16. Daniel Bradt died, aged 68. 
July 17. John Worcester died, aged 48. 
July 20. John Russell died, aged 37. 

Abram Rosekrans died, aged 67. 
July 22. Catalina Boyd died, aged 32. 

Charles Boardrnan died, aged 52. 
July 23. Mrs. Elizabeth Powers died, aged 95. 
July 24. Richard Roser, jr. died, aged 46. 
July 28. Lois P., wife of Benj. C. Raymond, died. 
Aug. 2. Elizabeth wife of W. F. Slawson died, aged 25. 

Garret L. Dox died at Waterloo, aged 62. 
Aug. 3. Caroline C., wife of Dr. R. B. Briggs, died, 
aged 32. 

John E. Lovett resigned the office of Secretary of the 
Albany Insurance company on account of ill-health, and 
was succeeded by Stephen Groesbeeck. 



1847. Notes from the Newspapers. 381 

Aug. 4. Laura widow of Charles Dillon died, aged 43. 

Capt. Elihu S. Bunker died, for nearly half a century 
identified with steam boat navigation. He commanded 
the first steam boat that ran upon the sound. 

Aug. 6. Johanna, wife of Simon Relyea, died, aged 49. 
Adeline, wife of Schuyler Bradwell, died, 
aged 27. 

Aug. 9. The firemen received and entertained a com- 
pany from Charlestown, Mass., giving a torch-light pro- 
cession in the evening. 

Aug. 10. John Stockton^died, aged 47. 

Aug. 11. Fanny, wife of David Deyo, died, aged 53. 

Aug. 16. William Thorp died at Oakhill, aged 56. 
Alexander McElroy died, aged 88. 

Aug. 17. Mrs. Elizabeth Baker died, aged 71. 

Aug. 19. Jiohn Erskine Lovett died, aged 52. Mr. 
Lovett was for a longtime city attorney; afterwards an 
active member of the common council; and was for the 
last fourteen years of his life secretary of the Albany 
insurance company. He was a man of amiable and re- 
fined manners, accurate learning, strict integrity, and 
possessing a high sense of honor. 

Sept. 2. Thomas Bulger died, aged 67. 

Sept. 4. Jane, widow of Horace Allen, died, aged 72. 

Sept. 6. Michael I. Johnston died, aged 45. 
David Deyo, jr. died, aged 56. 

This closes the Notes from the Newspapers, and brings 
the events of the city down to the time when the Annals 
were begun in 1847. See vol. 1, p. 159, and 341, and each 
succeeding volume, in which the events of the year are 
published to the close of 1858, forming a continuous 
chronicle of nearly ninety years, since the first newspaper 
was printed here. 

[Annals, x.] 33 



( 382 ) 

ABRAHAM VAN YECHTEN. 



This distinguished lawyer and statesman, was the youngest son 
of Teunis Van Vechten and Judith Ten Broeck, and was born at Cats- 
kill, December 5, 1762; was married May 24, 1784, to Catharine 
Schuyler, daughter of Philip P. Schuyler and Anna Wendell; and died 
at Albany, on the 6th January, 1837. 

Few men have been called to so extensive a sphere of usefulness 
and filled it so long and so well as ABRAHAM VAN VKCHTEN. He 
entered upon the scenes of active life shortly after the Revolutionary 
war. He received his elementary education at a public school in 
Esopus, which has been the nursery of many of our distinguished 
men. He pursued his professional studies under the direction of the 
late Chancellor Lansing, and began the practice of law in the county 
of Montgomery, but was soon invited to occupy a more extensive 
field in the city of Albany. The high places at the bar were then 
filled by a gifted race of advocates, among whom were Hamilton, 
Harrison, Jones, Burr and Livingston. But the brilliancy of the bar 
could not cast young Van Vechten in the shade. He soon ranked 
among his illustrious seniors as an equal and a competitor for the high- 
est professional eminence. Untiring in his efforts, the powers of his 
highly gifted mind were continually developed and expanded. His 
intellect was formed to grapple with the most abstruse and difficult 
subjects of judicial investigation; and he early inured himself to the 
most intense application of mental industry. In acuteness and the 
ready comprehension of any subject presented for his investigation, he 
had few equals. And nature seemed to have furnished him with 
powers eminently adapted to the illustration of legal principles. He 
made no display of legal lore, his learning seemed to be incorporated 
with his thoughts. What he had once read was well digested and 
remained ever ready for application. A large portion of his life was 
spent in the discussion of legal questions in our highest tribunals of 
law and equity, there he was always listened to with profound at- 
tention by our most eminent judges. His arguments were calculated 
to elucidate and instruct, and greatly to aid the tribunals to which they 
were addressed in forming correct conclusions. His style was re- 
markable for purity, perspicuity and strength. His train of thought 
was always logical and correct. In his manner he was usually calm 
and unimpassioned, yet earnest and forcible. His talents were too 
conspicuous to allow him to confine his efforts to the bar. He was 
repeatedly chosen to represent his fellow citizens in both branches of 
the legislature. The senate chamber was the theatre of some of his 
highest intellectual efforts. As a member of the court for the cor- 




ABRAHAM VAN VECHTEN. 



Abraham Van Vechten. 383 

rection of errors he has left behind him enduring monuments of his 
legal wisdom. ' For a number of years he filled the office of attorney 
general with distinguished ability. At an early period of his life a 
seat on the bench of the supreme court was offered to him by Gov. 
Jay; a similar offer was made to him at a later period. He declined 
these proffered honors, preferring the labors of the bar as more con- 
genial to his habits and his feelings. The causes in our books of re- 
ports in which he took a part as counsel, numerous as they are, give 
but a faint idea of the amount of professional labor performed by him. 
For more than half a century his brilliant mind was constantly 
shed ling its light over the jurisprudence of the state. The bar had 
long delighted to accord to him the highest honors they could bestow. 
To the younger members of the profession he had greatly endeared 
himself by his kindness and courteous manners; and by all he was 
venerated as an illustrious model of professional excellence. In his 
daily consultations with his clients he was emphatically a peace 
maker. It was his constant habit to advise to the settlement of dis- 
putes whenever it was practicable. He allowed no sordid motives 
to influence his advice, or to bias his mind in giving his opinions. 

He was recorder of the city of Albany from 1797 to 1808; state 
senator from 1798 to 1805, and from 1816 to 1S20; member of assem- 
bly from 1805 to 1815; attorney-general of the state for the year 
1810, and was again appointed in 1813, and served two years; and 
Was a member of the constitutional convention of 1821. 

Hi> character as a citizen in the private walks of life afforded a model 
of excellence. He constantly displayed in his intercourse with his 
neighbors and acquaintances the most amiable social qualities which 
adorn the human heart. To his other traits of character was added one 
wh ; ch is justly deemed of far the most importance; he was a sincere 
believer in the Savior of the world and a venerated member of the 
Dutch Reformed Church. In her judicatories his paternal counsels 
were listened to with reverence, as eminently calculated to -promote 
the peace and prosperity of the Church. His disinterestedness was a 
prominent feature in his character and was the foundation of that 
unbounded confidence which was reposed in him by all who knew 
him. In his domestic circle he was remarkable for kindness and 
affc lion ate attention to the feelings and wants of those who were 
dependent upon him. 



(384) 

ALBANY. 



The following communication, exhibiting the actual 
condition of our city, its prospects and advantages, is 
from a source, it will be perceived, that entitles its state- 
ments to entire credit. We lay it before our readers 
with the more pleasure, as the present indications point 
not only to the continued prosperity of the city, but to the 
prevalence of a spirit among us that must lead to a far 
higher appreciation of the advantages of this most favor- 
able location for all the purposes of extensive business 
and profitable adventure. The growth of Albany has 
been steady, and in all respects substantial. At the head 
of one of the most noble rivers in America at the conflu- 
ence of the river and a chain of internal communication 
stretching west from the Hudson to the Mississippi and 
north to the St. Lawrence the recipient of the products, 
not only of our own west, with its abundance and fertil- 
ity, but of all the extended and rapidly improving country 
bordering upon and lying between the two great points 
referred to its destiny can not be mistaken. It must 
become one of the largest cities of the Union. This re- 
sult will be facilitated by the measures now in progress 
for opening a direct communication, via Stockbridge and 
Worcester, to Boston ; and particularly by the fresh spirit 
and energy with which our citizens have entered into that 
and other improvements. 

This communication has been issued in the form of a 
circular, and addressed to such persons in the adjacent 
states, as will be likely, from their character, standing 
and relative situation, to view the matter with interest, 
and give it circulation among those for whose information 
it is designed. Albany Daily Advertiser, 1835. 

Albany, the capital of the state of New York, is near 
the head of navigation on the Hudson river, where the 



Albany, its Prospects and Advantages. 385 

great western and northern canals terminate. Its happy 
position, at a point where a river navigable to the ocean, 
and one of the finest in the world, meets the great inland 
communications with the northern and western lakes, 
ensures its advancement, and that at no distant period, 
to the very first rank among the inland cities of this 
country. Since the completion of the Erie and Cham- 
plain canals, its progress in population and business has 
been almost unexampled. 

In 1820, the number of inhabitants was 12,630. In 
1830, 24,209, being an increase of 92 per cent, in ten 
years. No census has been taken since 1830, but one is 
now in progress, and will shortly be completed. No 
doubt is entertained, from the increase of business in the 
city, that it will show a very great increase of population 
over that of 1830. 

The following table shows the increase in the amount 
of produce and merchandise arriving at Albany by way 
of the canal in two years, from 1832 to 1834: 

COMPARATIVE TABLE FOR THE YEARS 

1832. 1834. 

Domestic spirits, brls. 21,285 20,839 

hhds. 1,274 

Boards and scantling, feet 36,020,594 62,103,000 

Shingles, M. 22,643 

Timber, feet 55,569 104,145 

Flour, brls. 422,695 795,182 

Provisions. 21,274 20,864 

Salt, bush. 23,117 19,070 

Ashes, brls. 19,091 16,944 

Wood, cords 15,524 17,685 

Wheat, bush. 145,960 233,574 

Coarse grain, 208,943 490,880 

No. of boats arrived and cleared, 14,300 18,550 

No. of tons, 109,300 156,804 

It appears from the above table that the increase in 
favor of 1834 over 1832 on the three greatest articles of 
merchandise, viz: lumber in its various shapes, flour and 



386 Albany, its Prospects and Advantages. 

grain, is from 70 to 100 per cent, and a continued in- 
crease will no doubt go on. The lumber trade alone at 
this city, is already immense, it being one of the best 
lumber markets in the Union, and promises to continue 
so for a long time to come. 

The following is a complete return of the different 
articles arriving at Albany by way of the Canal during 
the year 1834. 

1334. 

Complete returns of articles, under the new order. 

Domestic spirits, brls. 20,839 

Boards and scantling, feet 62,103,000 

Shingles, M. 22,643 

Timber, feet 104,145 

Staves, 56,438,000 

Flour, brls. ' 795,182 

Provisions, " 20,864 



Salt, 

Ashes, 

Lime, 

Beer, 

Cider, 



10,070 

16,944 

455,810 

293 

43 



Dried fruit, Ibs. 45,934 

Apples, brls. 241 

Wood, cords 17,685 

Wheat, bush. 233,574 

Coarse grain, " 490,880 

Bran and ship-stuff " 273,191 

Peas and beans, " 13,137 

Potatoes, 19,758 

Clover and grass seed, Ibs. 790,434 

Flax seed, " 613,046 

Wool, " 591,760 

Cotton, " 22,412 

Cheese, " 1,553,304 

Butter and lard, " 1,826,341 

Hops, " 247,165 

Hemp, " 57,581 



Albany, its Prospects and Advantages. 387 

Tobacco, Ibs. 447,349 

Fur and peltry, 361,283 

Stone, 4,111,323 

Merchandise, 181,218 

Furniture, 199,747 

Clay, 4 250 

Pig lead, " MOO 

Pig Iron, 49,213 

Iron ware, " 377,922 

Sundries, . 8,129,695 

There is no doubt that, the business of this year will 
very greatly exceed that of the last. By returns from 
the collector's office at Albany, up to the 1st of August 
(after which it will be recollected the great business 
season of the year is yet to come), it appeared that the 
amount of many of the articles mentioned in the fore- 
going report which had then arrived, exceeded the entire 
quantity that arrived during the whole of last year. 

The following is a statement of the canal tolls received 
by the collector at Albany, down to the 1st of September 
in 1834 and 1835: 

To the 1st of September, 1834, $124,263.49 
" " 1835, 192,883.10 

Being an increase of business by the way of the canal of 
56 per cent, since last year. Besides this, a consider- 
able quantity of produce is brought to Albany on the 
Mohawk and Hudson rail road, which strikes the Erie 
canal at Schenectady the amount being about 420 tons 
per week. 

For the future the prospects of Albany are still more 
encouraging. The rail road from Schenectady to Utica 
is now constructing, and will be completed by next July 
or August; thus extending the rail road communication 
100 miles west. Rail roads are also constructing be- 
tween Syracuse and Auburn, and between Rochester and 
Batavia, which will so far complete the line of rail roads 
to Buffalo, that it is easy to foresee that but a short time 
can elapse before a continuous line will be established to 
Lake Erie, th'us making the spring and winter facilities 



388 Albany, its Prospects and Advantages. 

of transportation nearly equal to those of the summer. 
A company is now engaged in making surveys for a rail 
road from Albany to Stockbridge in Massachusetts, which 
with the contemplated rail road from Stockbridge to 
connect with the Boston and Worcester rail road, will 
form a chain of rail road communication between Albany 
and Boston, which will be of great advantage to this city, 
especially in the winter, when the intercourse by water 
with New York is suspended. When all these roads are 
completed, and there is no doubt they soon will be, and 
the links west of Utica above referred to, filled up, there 
will be a line of rail road communication from Boston to 
Buffalo; from the Atlantic to the western lakes, of which 
Albany will be the business centre. 

While private enterprise is doing so much to improve 
the communication with the west, the state government 
by a late law has authorized an enlargement of the 
Erie canal and the construction of double locks, which 
it is supposed will have the effect to reduce the price of 
transportation 30 to 40 per cent, and greatly to augment 
it in quantity. 

The present rate of toll on 1000 pounds of flour from 
Buffalo to Albany is $1.62. The reduction will bring 
it to less than one half the cost, for the same distance by 
any other, route, and the valley of the Mohawk must 
continue to be as it always has been the natural and 
easiest channel of commerce with the west, and Albany 
the depot where the exchange takes place between the 
productions of the interior for those of the sea coast and 
of foreign countries. This exchange will be much faci- 
litated by the improvement now making in the navigation 
of the Hudson by the United States government. The 
removal of the bar, which is the object of this improve- 
ment, will, when completed, deepen the channel to about 
twelve feet, and will give to this place a West India 
trade, in which the productions of the islands, consumed 
in the west, will be exchanged for the produce brought 
down the canal, without being burdened by landing, 
storage and reshipment at New York. 



Albany, its Prospects and Advantages. 389 

No doubt is entertained that the coasting and West 
India trade will be carried on to a very great extent in 
Albany, and with very great profit and success, so soon as 
the improvement of the river navigation is completed ; and 
for the reason above given, no place in the country can, 
in many respects, be more advantageously situated for 
it. Indeed, the coasting trade carried on between this 
city and the seaport towns of New England, is already 
very extensive. There are about twenty-five regular 
trading vessels between Albany and Boston only, which 
it is estimated by one of our most intelligent forwarding 
merchants bring to this place about 25,000 quintals 
codfish during the season, and about 25,000 barrels of 
mackerel, besides large quantities of merchandise which 
passes up the canal, or stops for a market here, not less 
probably thaji 5,000 tons. These vessels take from 
Albany to Boston, in return, about 75,000 barrels of 
flour per season, together with large quantities of timo- 
thy seed, peas, wool, &c. The indirect trade between 
Boston and Albany, which is transhipped at New York, 
is also very extensive. 

Besides the routes above mentioned, others are making 
to the north, all directly communicating with this city, 
and increasing its advantages. A rail road communica- 
tion already exists between this place and Saratoga 
Springs, by way of the Mohawk and Hudson and Sara- 
toga and Schenectady rail roads. The rail road now 
about making from Saratoga Springs to Whitehall, will 
complete the route to Lake Champlain, and afford the 
same advantages for a trade with Canada in the fall and 
spring as are now given by means of the northern canal 
in the summer. 

It necessarily results from the situation of Albany and 
its easy means of communication with the surrounding 
country, that an immense travel centres at this city. 
Some idea may be formed of its extent when we state 
that it is estimated, and no doubt truly, that from 
600,000 to 800,000 persons arrive at and depart from 
this city in the course of the year, by the several stage 



390 Albany, its Prospects and Advantages. 

routes, rail roads, steam boats and other vessels and 
this number is yearly increasing, and no doubt six years 
will see it doubled* 

In consequence of this city being a great depot for the 
produce of the north and west, raw materials for manu- 
facture are obtained here at the cheapest rates, and pro- 
visions are lower than in any of the Atlantic cities. 
The market is abundant at all seasons of the year, and 
is well supplied with all the necessaries and luxuries of 
life, at moderate prices. 

Industrious mechanics, and all men of enterprise and 
character, can not fail to prosper in Albany, as the means 
of living are cheap, and the market extensive commu- 
nicating with almost every section of the country, in the 
readiest manner. All will here find an almost certain 
reward for their exertions ; almost every branch of 
mechanical labor is or may be carried on at this city, to 
very great advantage, and no doubt with great success. 
Good water power exists in its vicinity for mills and 
manufactories, and a ready market can easily be found 
for all products of labor and skill/ With the strong 
conviction that the interest of those who may come to 
take up their residence in our city will be promoted, as 
well as the prosperity of the city thereby increased, we 
hope that you will give circulation to this statement, 
among such as you may suppose wish to seek in this 
state additional encouragement for their enterprise and 
industry. Respectfully, yours, 

ERASTUS CORNING, JOHN TOWNSEND, 

TEUNIS VAN VECHTEN, FR. BLOODGOOD, 
JOHN WOODWORTH, S. VAN RENSSELAER, Jr. 

AUGUSTUS JAMES, JAS. STEVENSON, 

THOS. W. OLCOTT, JESSE BUEL, 

GIDEON HAWLEY, H. BLEECKER. 

B. KNOWER, JAS. VANDERPOEL. 

LEWIS BENEDICT, 



(391) 

TYRONE POWER'S IMPRESSIONS OF 
ALBANY. 



[Mr. Power, the popular Irish actor, on his return home, published 
a book of his Impressions of America, which was a readable and 
liberal work. The following account of the excitement he created at 
the Theatre is a tolerably correct statement of the affair. Theatrical 
audiences were extremely jealous of foreign actors, and resented the 
smallest expressions of disrespect, when they were so imprudent as 
to let anything of the kind pass their lips. Several theatres 
exhibited the most decided marks of the vengeance of an offended 
people.] 

This is the capital of the powerful state of New York, 
and promises at no very distant period to wear an aspect 
worthy its rank. No situation was ever chosen better 
adapted to display ; for the town is built over the face of 
a lofty and steep hill, which only affords space for one or 
two streets about its foot, and this is chiefly occupied by 
docks and the several canal basins connected with the 
Hudson. 

The principal avenue, a regularly built, grandly pro- 
portioned street, with a railway running through its' 
centre, climbs directly up the hill, and is terminated by 
a well-kept public square, or Grande Place-, as the French 
would call it, about which the State House, City Hall, 
and other public buildings are ranged. These striking 
objects, from the nature of the ground, stand boldly out, 
and have all an appearance sufficiently imposing; whilst 
here are some buildings that possess strong claims to 
architectural beauty. 

Nearly all the more important public offices have lofty 
and well proportioned domes ; and these being uniformly 
covered with tin or other bright metal, impart a gay and 
picturesque effect to the general mass; and indeed, the 
city, viewed from a little distance, with all these cupolar 



392 Tyrone Power's Impressions of Albany. 

and towering domes reflected in the setting sun, assumes 
quite an oriental appearance; one is immediately re- 
minded of the mosque and minaret of some Turkish 
capital ; the line marble too used in the construction of 
all public buildings, and indeed of many private ones, 
increases the effect which they derive from their style 
and from the bold eminence they occupy. 

Albany was long almost exclusively Dutch, and may 
be said up to this time to have hardly kept pace with the 
rapid advance of the country generally; it must have 
marveled at the spread of the numerous flourishing 
towns which have grown up around within a few years, 
and which threatened to eclipse, if not extinguish it 
wholly. A movement, however, has of late taken place; 
the inhabitants have awoke, new colonists have super- 
seded the family from Sleepy-hollow, or imparted to them 
a share of their energy; and Albany begins to assert 
her claims on the productive country by which she is 
backed, and to turn into her own channel a portion of its 
commerce. Building is everywhere going forward; land 
has doubled and trebled in value; improvements are in 
steady progress ; and should the present prosperous 
course of things meet with no untoward check to paralyze 
the industry of the people, Albany will in a few years 
assume an importance more profitable to its citizens than 
the empty honor it derives from being styled the capital 
of the state. 

There are several excellent inns; one kept by an 
Englishman, a Mr. Thomas, in which I dined once or 
twice with friends, and which bears a high reputation; 
another, wherein I always resided on my several visits 
here, kept by Mr. Cruttenden; and if henceforward any 
stranger who relishes good fare, loves Shakespere, and 
would choose to make the acquaintance of a Transat- 
lantic Falstaff, passes through Albany without calling at 
the Eagle, and cracking a bottle with "mine host," he 
will have missed one of those days he would not have 
failed to mark with a white stone. Soberly, I do not 
remember ever to have met with a face and figure 



Tyrone Power's Impressions of Albany. 393 

which, were I a painter, I would so readily adopt for a 
beau-ideal of the profligate son of mirth and mischief 
as those of mine host o' th' Eagle. He has a fellow 
feeling too with " lean Jack," is as well read in Shake- 
spere as most good men, quotes him fluently and 
happily, honors and loves him as he should be loved and 
honored, and in himself possesses much of the humor, 
much of the native wit, but not a single trait of the 
less admirable portions of the fat knight's character. 

Indebted to Mr. Cruttenden for many pleasant hours, 
I will not offer an excuse for making this indifferent 
sketch of him here, since it* in no way trenches upon the 
rule I hold sacred of eschewing comment on private 
persons, or details of social intercourse, where indeed, 
men speak oftener from the -heart than from the head. 
Mr. C. I look upon as a public character, and thus I am 
enabled to say how much I esteem him. Should he be 
wroth, I vow, if I ever should visit Albany again, never 
to make one at the " Feast of Shells.'' On the contrary, 
I'll fly to the Eagle; forswear "the villanous company "of 

mine host; I'll disclaim him, renounce him, " and d n 

me if ever I call him Jack again." 

The theatre here is a handsome building, and well 
adapted to the purpose for which it was designed ; but is, 
I believe, worse supported than any other on this conti- 
nent. I had been advised not to visit the city profes- 
sionally ; but being strongly solicited by the worthy 
manager, " mischief lay in my way, and I found it." 

I feel compelled in honesty to state the facts of this 
trip, though no way flattering to my powers of attraction: 
however, if there be any thing unpleasant to relate, I 
ever find it better to tell of oneself, than to leave it to 
the charity of good-natured friends. The only disagree- 
ment I ever had with an audience, in fact, occurred here, 
and roundly, thus it happened. 

On the evening when I was advertised to make my 
debut to an Albany audience, I at my usual hour walked 
to the house, dressed, and was ready; but when half an 
hour after the time of beginning, I went on the stage 

[Annals, x.] 34 



394 Tyrone Power's Impressions of Albany. 

there were not ten persons in the house. The stage 
director and myself now held a consultation on the un- 
promising aspect of our affairs. He ascribed the un- 
usually deserted condition of the salle to the sultry and 
threatening state of the atmosphere, which had deterred 
the neighboring towns of Troy and Waterford from 
furnishing their quota those indeed being his chief 
dependencies. I was opposed, on policy, to throwing 
away our ammunition so unprofitable; and so, after due 
deliberation, the manager agreed to state to the few per- 
sons in front, that " with their permission" the perform- 
ances intended for this night would be postponed until 
the evening after the next following ; as, in consequence 
of the exceeding smallness of the audience, it was to be 
feared the play would prove dull to them, as it must be 
irksome to the actors. 

Nothing could be received with better feeling on the 
part of the persons assembled; not a breath of disappro- 
bation was heard. They instantly went away ; but soon 
after I reached home, I found, by the report of one or 
two gentlemen who had since been at the theatre seeking 
admittance, that a considerable excitement prevailed, and 
that at the public bars of the neighborhood the affair was 
detailed in a way likely to produce unpleasant effects on 
my first appearance. 

The appointed night came, the house was filled with 
men, and every thing foreboded a violent outbreak; the 
manager appeared terrified out of his wits; but, as far as 
I can judge, behaved with infinite honesty; disavowed 
the truth of the imputations connected with the dismissal, 
and which it was sought to fasten upon me ; and affirmed 
that he was fully prepared to place the facts simply 
before the audience, in the event of my suffering any 
interruption. 

It was now found that an actor or two needed in the 
piece were absent. These worthies, the chief agitators 
in this affair, were, in fact, in front of the house to assist 
in the expected assault upon a stranger and one of their 
own profession. On this being explained to the manager. 



Tyrone Power's Impressions of Albany. 395 

he said he was aware of it. and had threatened to dis- 
charge the individuals; but relying upon the affair ter- 
minating in my discomfiture, they did not fear being sus- 
tained by the same intelligence which they now directed 
against me. 

On my appearance the din was mighty deafening; the 
volunteer champions of the public had come well prepar- 
ed, and every invention for making the voice of humanity 
bestial was present and in full use. The boxes I observed 
to be occupied by well-dressed men, who generally either 
remained neutral, or by signs sought that I should be 
heard. This, however, was out of the question; and 
after long and patient abiding, " for patience is the 
badge of our tribe," I made my bow and retired, when 
the manager, who had on the night in question dismissed 
the house, made his bow, and, after silence was obtained, 
begged that the audience would give me a hearing, 
assuring them on his own knowledge that I had not con- 
templated insulting them. 

I again came forward, and after some time was per- 
mitted to say that I could in no way account for a simple 
matter of business being so misrepresented as to occa- 
sion this violent exhibition of their anger; that, before 
the audience in question was dismissed, its permission 
had been obtained; that, if I really contemplated insult, it 
is hardly probable I should wait two days to encounter 
the anger to those I had sought to offend. I further said, 
that on the common principle which they professed, I 
was entitled to a hearing, since the sense of the majority 
was evidently with me ; and that, if the disorder conti- 
nued, I should, for the sake of that respectable majority, 
sincerely regret this, since the character of their city for 
justice and hospitality would be more impeached than 
my prospects be injured. 

After this the row was resumed with added fierceness; 
not a word of either play or farce was heard; but I per- 
sisted in going through with the performance, being de- 
termined not to dismiss a second time. 

At the fall of the curtain I begged the manager would 



396 Tyrone Power's Impressions of Albany. 

not again announce me, as although, for the sake of the 
many who I could see were opposed to this misjudged 
outrage, I had gone through the business once, I could 
not again subject them to the annoyance of such a colli- 
sion, or myself to continued insult. 

I was, however, happily induced to change this deter- 
mination at the request of many gentlemen of the place, 
who assured me that the whole thing arose from stories 
most industriously circulated by one or two ill-condi- 
tioned actors, backed by inflammatory handbills and a 
scurrilous print. 

Out of this affair, which threatened me serious annoy- 
ance, I really gathered anew proof of the kindness of the 
people of this country, for I found persons on all sides 
interesting themselves for me, although I entered the 
place without an acquaintance; and had I not stood in 
need of help, so in all probability should I have quitted 
it; but in this hour of annoyance, men not of theatrical 
habits put themselves actively forward to shield a ca- 
lumniated stranger from insult or injury; in consequence 
of this interposition, on my appearance, nothing could be 
more orderly than the conduct of the audience. 

I concluded my engagement, which was only for four 
nights, and left the theatre with a promise to return, 
which pledge, at some inconvenience, I redeemed; and I 
have never been able to regret a momentary vexation 
which obtained forme many friends, and made known to 
me the sterling good feeling existing in Albany, of which 
I might otherwise have remained ignorant. 

The rides about Albany are numerous, the roads the best 
in the country; and the little city of Troy, with its Mount 
Ida, worthy even the celestial residents who honored its 
less beautiful predecessor with their presence. Higher up 
lies Waterford, a thriving place, also charmingly situated; 
and, near this, the Fall of the Cohoes, one of the finest 
natural objects in the country. Indeed a morning's ride 
in this direction offers a succession of views that can no 
where be surpassed, and which I do not remember to 
have often seen equaled. 



Tyrone Power's Impressions of Albany. 397 

Approaching Albany from the west, and looking across 
the Hudson over the pine-wooded slopes and verdant 
meadows on which it fronts, it appears a city bordered 
by an ornamental park; to the south tower the cloud-cap- 
ped Catskill mountains; on the north are the blue moun- 
tains of Vermont; and about the verge of the landscape 
on all sides runs a line of boldly undulating hills, whose 
rugged outline forms no inappropriate framing to this 
very beautiful picture. 



SPANISH ACCOUNT OF ALBANY IN 1778. 

[From Noticia del E*tablecimiento y Poblacion de las Colonias In- 
glesas en America Septentrional. By Don F. Alvarez.] 

The county of Albany is near the Indian plantations 
that extend hence to Canada. The city of this name is 
in the midst of fine plantations, is well situated for com- 
merce and formerly bore the name of Fort Orange. The 
greater part of the inhabitants are of Holland origin and 
number three hundred families. In this city the govern- 
ors of other places of New England hold regularly their 
conferences with the sachems or Indian kings. Albany 
is defended by a fine stone fort and supports a garrison of 
two companies. 

There is also in this county another city called Sche- 
nectady, situated twenty miles further to the north, and 
in a most delightful valley. The Indian nations who 
dwell a little distance beyond this city have hitherto re- 
tained their lands. 



( 398 ) 



CENSUS OF ALBANY COUNTY. 



1840. 

From the copies of the statistical returns of the late 
census of this state, presented to the assembly by the 
marshals of the northern and southern districts, wo 
have compiled the following table of the population, pro- 
ductions, trade, manufactures, &c., of this county. 

The population of Albany county is 68,546, of whom 
8,278 are employed in agriculture, 422 in commerce, 
3,705 in trades and manufactures, 34 in navigation of 
the ocean, 310 on the canals and rivers, and 367 in the 
learned professions and as engineers. 

Of the productions, &c., of the county for the past 
year, and the number of persons employed and capital 
invested in each branch of industry, the following is a 
summary : 

Jlm^t or value No, of men Capital 
produced. employed, invested. 
Mines of granite, marble and other 

stone, $372,250 844 $273,600 

Machinery, 35,000 14 

Hardware, cutlery, &c., 15,000 25 

Small arms, number made, 2,500 35 

Precious metals, 45,000 28 

Various metals, 423,000 186 

Manufacture of granite, marble, 

&c., 82,270 159 

Bricks and lime, 63,185 133 191,000 

Fulling mills 11, woolen manu- 

facturies 8, manufactured woolen 

goods, . . , 90,720 67 111,550 

Cotton manufactories V 2, no. of 

spindles 5,160, manufactured 

cotton goods, 70,000 220 225 ,000 

Mixed manufactures, 33,000 30 35,000 

Tobacco, 162,000 95 34,000 

Hats, caps and bonnets, 787,500 782 669,800 

No. of tanneries 20, 142 210,700 



Census of Albany County. 



399 



No. of saddleries and manufacto- 
ries of leather 80, $ 329,450 $ 149^65 

Soap and candles,* 538,000 45 122,000 

Breweries 8, distilled and ferment- 
ed liquors, 2,007,500gal. 130 357,000 

Drugs, medicines, paints and 

dyes, 33,000 23 39,300 

Potteries 4, value of manufactured 

articles, 42,000 -43 19,000 

Confectionery, 42,000 27 16,000 

Paper, 23,000 15 6,200 

Rope- walks 5, val. of produce,. . . 130,000 75 31,000 

Musical Instruments, 47,500 61 31,000 

Carriages and wagons, .'. 157,511 272 132,115 

Flouring mills 6, grist mills 22, 
saw mills 84, barrels of flour 

manufactured, 11,482 

Other manufactures, 57,575 77 90,205 

Furniture, 88,400 68 43,600 

All other manufactures not enu- 
merated 383,749 143,690 

Live Stock. 9,937 horses and mules, 25,780 neat 
cattle, 57,491 sheep, 49,068 swine, poultry of all kinds, 
estimated value $25,650. 

Cereal Grain. 21, 008 bushels of wheat, 157,102 
bushels of barley, 653,794 bushels of oats, 144,941 bush- 
els of rye, 100,492 bushels of buckwheat, 127,154 bushels 
of Indian corn. 

Various Crops. 96,877 Ibs. of wool, 373 Ibs. of hops, 
1,368 Ibs. of wax, 540,582 bushels of potatoes, 47,342 
tons of hay, 5,407 tons of hemp and flax. 

Other Productions. 24,366 Ibs. of sugar, 17,491 cords 
of wood sold, value of dairy produce $126,343, value of 



* The amount set down for Albany in the statement published, is 
639,000 Ibs. of soap and candles, which is 20,000 less than the 
amount of hard soap alone made in three factories in the north part 
of the city, besides 110,000 Ibs of candles and fancy soap. The 
whole amount of soap and candles ma8e in the city, can not be less 
than 1,936,010 pounds or 1,330,000 Ibs. soap, and 606,000 Ibs. of 
candles. There are 12 factories, employing about 60 men. By 
publishing the above, you will correct a very erroneous opinion 
which has gone abroad, about the amount of business done, in this 
line, and oblige yours, respectfully, A Manufacturer. 



400 Census of Albany County. 

orchard produce $33,012, value of home-made goods, 
$60,386. 

Gardens. Value of produce of market gardeners 
$62,503, of nurseries and florists $5,700, men employed 
113. 

Commerce. Number of commission houses 47, capital 
invested $65,000, number of retail dry goods, grocery 
and other stores 1,116, capital invested $1,144,503, num- 
ber of lumber yards 27, capital invested $464,000, men 
employed 161, internal transportation, men employed 
1,655. 

Printing and Binding. Number of printing offices 10, 
number of binderies 5, number of daily newspapers 
30.000, number of weekly newspapers 40,000, number of 
semi weekly newspapers 20,000, number of men em- 
ployed 126, capital invested $245,800. 



(401 ) 



NOTICES OF THE WINTERS 

AT NEW YORK FOR FORTY-TWO YEARS, AND OF THE DATES 
AT WHICH THE RIVER WAS FROZEN, OR OBSTRUCTED OR 
CLOSED BY ICE AT ALBANY. 

From the New York Daily Advertiser of Dec., 1832. 

[It will be seen on reference to the table given in Vol. 
1, p. 326, that the agreement is very general. The 
remarks on the state of the weather require an allow- 
ance for latitude in regard to the thermometer, otherwise 
the difference between the two cities was small.] 

1789-90. A very mild winter. The mildest January 
since 1781. River open till 3d February, though occa- 
sionally obstructed by ice before. 

1790-91. Very severe weather in December, but more 
moderate in January and February. River closed on 
the 8th December. 

1791-92. A very severe winter. River closed on 9th 
December; uninterrupted and severe frost for 4 weeks; 
lowest degree of thermometer 1 above zero. 

1792-93. A very mild winter; river open all winter to 
Poughkeepsie, though it closed at Albany on the 12th 
December. , 

1793-94. A mild winter, with but little snow; river 
closed on 26th December. 

1794-95. A very mild autumn and December; river 
closed on the 12th January; no ice till 3d January, and 
but little cold weather and snow this winter. 

1795-96. Another very mild autumn and December; 
no ice till 21st December; river open till 23d January. 

1796-97. Early winter and severe till 12th January; 
river closed on 28th November, intensely cold on 23d 
and 24th December ; mercury at zero in the morning. 



402 Notices of the Winters. 

1797-98. Very early and severe winter; river closed 
on 20th November ; lowest degree 3 above zero. 

1798-9& Very early, long, and severe winter, though 
the weather was moderate for about three weeks in 
January; river closed on 23d November; lowest degree 
2 above zero. 

1799-1800. A mild winter; river closed on 6th Janua- 
ry, but obstructed by ice before. 

1800-01. A mild winter, with but little snow; a very 
mild December, river closed on 3d January. 

1801-02. A remarkably mild winter; river open till 
3d February, though obstructed by ice occasionally 
before. In January the mercury generally ranged be- 
tween 40 and 50 degrees; and no snow of any consequence 
fell till 22d February. 

1802-03. A mild and variable winter with but little 
snow; river closed on 16th December. 

1803-04. A very mild December; some severe 
weather and deep snows in January and the latter part 
of February; river open till 12th January; lowest degree, 
12 above zero. 

1804-05. A remarkably cold and variable winter, deep 
snows and heavy rains with high winds; lowest degree, 
2 above zero; river closed on 13th December much 
distress among the poor. 

1805-06. Generally cold in January; though very 
mild in December and February; river closed 9th 
January, and opened on 23d February. 

1806-07. A severe winter; river closed on llth De- 
cember; lowest degree, 4 above zero. 

1807-08. A mild winter; December very mild; river 
closed on 4th January. 

1808-09. A long and severe winter, with much snow; 
river closed on 9th December; lowest degree, 6 above 
zero. 

1809-10. Remarkably mild till 19th January, when 
the river closed, and the weather was intensely cold for 
several days; very little snow this winter; lowest de- 
gree, 1 above zero. 



Notices of the Winters. 403 

1810-11. Much snow in February, though not much 
severe cold this winter.. This season was remarkable 
for a severe snow storm on the 2d November; river 
closed on the 14th December. 

1811-12. A severe winter; river closed on the 20th 
December; lowest degree, 2 above zero. 

1812-13. A severe winter; river closed on 21st De- 
cember; lowest degree, 4 above zero. 

1813-14. A severe winter; river closed on 22d De- 
cember; lowest degree, 8 above zero. 

1814-15. A very severe jthough variable winter; river 
closed on 10th December; lowest degree, 1 above zero. 

1815-16. A variable though not severe winter; river 
closed on the 2d December. 

1816-17. A very severe winter, though it did not set 
in till the middle of January; river closed on 16th De- 
cember; thermometer on 15th February was 6 degrees 
below zero, and the first time since 1788 that it has 
fallen below zero in this city. As cold as in January, 
1765, when the mercury sunk to the same degree; which 
the papers state to have been the coldest weather expe- 
rienced in this city in 50 years. 

1817-18. Generally moderate in December and Jan- 
uary, though severe in February; river closed on 7th 
December, opened on 14th and closed again on 21st De- 
cember; mercury fell to zero this winter. 

1818-19. Severe weather for two weeks in December; 
river closed on the 14th ; generally very mild in January 
and February. 

1819-20. A severe winter; deep snows; river closed 
on 13th December, though obstructed by ice before; 
lowest degree, 3 above zero. 

1820-21. Intensely severe weather during the greater 
part of January, though mild in February, river closed 
on the 13th November, opened on the 20th and closed 
again on 1st December; the mercury fell on the 25th 
January to 7 degrees below zero, one degree lower than 
in February, 1817; as cold weather probably as was 
ever experienced here. The Hudson was crossed on the 



404 Notices of the Winters. 

ice between this city and Paulus Hook for several days. 
During the last hundred years^the river has been passa- 
ble on the ice in the same way only four times, viz: in 
1740-41, 1764-65, 1779-80, 1820-21. 

1821-22. A severe winter with but little snow; river 
closed on 13th December; mercury as low as 1 below 
zero. 

1822-23. No very severe weather till February and 
March, river closed on 24th December; lowest degree, 3 
above zero. , 

1823-24. Very mild winter; river closed on 16th De- 
cember; open in January for a short time. 

1824-25. Mild winter with but little snow; river 
closed on 3d January. 

1825-26. Weather generally very mild, though there 
were two or three excessively cold .days this winter. 
December 14th was a remarkably cold day; thermometer 
at 8 a. m. 3 and 10 p. m. indicated 2, 7, and 9 degrees; 
river closed on 13th December. 

1826-27. A severe winter; river closed on 24th Dec., 
lowest degree, 3 above zero. 

1827-28. A very cold and blustering November, fol- 
lowed by the mildest winter since 1801-02 ; river closed 
only about three weeks at different times through the 
winter. The mildest February since 1778-79, when 
vegetation commenced and flowers were gathered in the 
woods, and in Pennsylvania peach trees blossomed in 
this month. 

1828-29. A long, severe winter; river closed on 1st 
January and opened on 29th March; lowest degree, 6 
below zero. Much suffering among the poor in February. 

1829-30. Weather generally mild till 23d January, 
when the river closed; weather then very severe for 
several weeks. As much ice in our harbor as in 1826, 
1827; lowest degree, 3 above zero. 

1830-31. A very severe winter with several deep 
snows ; ground covered with snow from 6th January to 
28th February, a longer period than in any winter since 
1808-09. Severe and uninterrupted frost for upward of 



Notices of the Winters. 405 

five weeks, during which time there were but three days 
in which the mercury rose as high as the freezing point; 
lowest degree, 5 above zero. Much distress among the 
poor river closed on 23d December, opened again by 
heavy rains and closed again on 16th January. 

1831. December 10th Thus far the coldest December 
since 1786; lowest degree, 14 above zero; river closed 
on 3d December. 



[Annals, x.] 35 



(406) 



ANNALS OF THE YEAR 1858. 



JANUARY. 

4. Levi Cornell died, aged 60 Curtis De Forrest 

died, aged 90. 

5. Mild and pleasant weather; there had been no win- 
ter day to this time John Hillabrant died, aged 28. 

Horace F. Douglass died, aged 32. 

6. Snow began to fall at an early hour in the morning, 

and made the first sleighing of the winter Anna Maria, 

wife of George L. Hall died, aged 29. 

7. The steam boat Hero arrived from New York with 
the largest cargo of freight she had ever brought up. 
Notwithstanding the snow that fell on the previous day 
there was very little obstruction in the river from ice. 

Stephen S. Weaver died, aged 59 John Dey Ermand 

died, aged 37 George Talmadge died, aged 38. 

8. Thermometers marked from 2 deg. to 7 deg. below 
0; the first cold day of the season. The ferry boats 

were partially obstructed by ice John Upton died at 

Amsterdam and was brought to Albany for interment. 

9. Jasper Latham died, aged 50. 
11. John T. Elton died. 

16. Adaline Van Rensselaer died J. Stanley Smith, 

formerly editor of the American Citizen and Albany 
Morning Express, died at Auburn, aged 40. His remains 
were brought to Albany and interred at the Rural ceme- 
tery with masonic ceremonies. 

18. Thomas Johnson died, aged 58. 

19. Margaret, wife of Daniel Webster, died, aged 29. 

20. Grand military parade in winter dress of the Bur- 
gesses Corps and their guests the Troy Citizens Corps 
and Utica Citizens Corps, and Company B and their New 
York guests the 71st Regiment. No winter day was ever 



Annals of the Year 1858. 407 

more beautiful, and the fete went off with great eclat, 
being witnessed by a great throng of people. 

2 1. An exhibition of paintings and sculpture from the 
collections of citizens was opened for the benefit of the 
poor at Bleecker Hall. (See April 3.) 

22. Phebe, widow of P. A. Cummings, died, aged 36. 
William Kennedy died, aged 57. 

25. John J. Taaffe died, aged 43 Jacob Lux died, 

aged 78. 

Jan. 27. Thomas Rector died, 

29. The body of Capt.. Joseph Bilbroock, aged 28, 
drowned about two months previously at Piermont, was 
found and brought to the city for interment. 

31. George Monroe died, aged 39. 

FEBRUARY. 

1. Mrs. Andrew Smith died, aged 47 Mary, wife of 

Peter Ausbro, died. 

2. Nicholas Wallace died, aged 65. 

3. Peter Cox died, aged 52. 

5. Mrs. Mary Forrester died, aged 52 Francis Gal- 

logly died, aged 33. 

8. Harriet, wife of Hugh Adair, died, aged 26. 

10. John C. Ruby died, aged 61 Helen J., wife of 

J. W. Richardson, died, aged 26. 

11. Mary, wife of Thomas Prior, died, aged 36. 

12. Mrs. Magdalen Campbell died, aged 49. 

13. Andrew B. Briare died, aged 41. 

14. Charles M. B. Jay died, aged 27 John T. Net- 

terville died in New York, aged 28. 

16. Peter Smith died, aged 66. He was born in Banff- 

shire, Scotland, 1792, and came to Albany in 1816 

John Bowne died, aged 68. 

17. G. V. Denniston died in New York, aged about 32. 
Ann, wife of James Turner, died, aged 52. 

19. The 7th of a succession of cold days. Thermome- 
ters from 5 to 10 deg. below zero Sarah E., wife of 

George Smith, died, aged 21 Richard Bulger died, 



408 Annals of the Year 1858. 

aged 45, and was buried on the 21st with military and 
civic honors. 

21. Amos Fassett died, aged 75. He was a native of 
New Bedford, Mass., and came to Albany in 1808. He 
had been a member of the First Presbyterian church forty 
years, and during the last twenty-six years an elder. 

22. The anniversary of Washington's birthday was 

celebrated by the military with great effect Andrew 

W. Melius died, aged 64 Patrick Galvin died, aged 

95.... The common council resolved to excavate and 

grade the Washington parade ground William Henry 

Cross died, aged 21 Christina, widow of Jacob Lux, 

died, aged 68. 

24. Daniel P. Clark died, aged 69. Mr. C. came to 
this city in the year 1805. Soon after his arrival he 
united himself with the First Presbyterian church, then 
under the charge of the Rev. Dr. Romeyn. He after- 
wards joined the 2d Presbyterian church, and in 1820 
was elected a deacon, and served the church in that 
capacity until the year 1840, when he was chosen one 
of its elders, which office he held to the time of his 
death. His demise was made the subject of a most 
appropriate and eloquent discourse by the Rev. Dr. 
Sprague, his text being, "He was a good man." The 
Dr. concluded his discourse by remarking, that of all 
who were officers of the church when he entered upon 
the discharge of his duties not one was now left, Mr. C. 
having been the last survivor. He also remarked that 
of those who were members of the church at the time he 
assumed its pastoral charge, nearly all were slumbering 

in the tomb! Elmira C., wife of Jacob J. Deforest, 

died, aged 42. 

25. Patrick Hoy died, aged 56 Capt. Abraham 

Hitchcock died in New York, aged 47 Mrs. Elizabeth 

Montgomery died, aged 85. 

27. James Mahon died, aged 34. 

28. Jane, widow of Obadiah Lansing, died, aged 70. .. 
John Jones died, 88. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 409 

MARCH. 

1. Julia Ann, wife of E. C. Warner, died, aged 46. 

2. William Leslie died, aged 35 Charles Richard 

Meade, formerly of Albany, died in New Orleans, aged 35. 

4. Dennis Shevlin died, aged 38. .. .Thermometer 3 
deg. below 0, at an early hour. 

5. A fire at 4 o'clock in the morning burnt a frame 
building in North Broadway, occupied by a shoe dealer. 
Thermometer 4 deg. below 0, at an early hour. 

6. Jeremiah Luther died, aged 75 Thermometer 3 

de?. below 0, at an early nour. 

7. Gertrude, widow of James A. Coughtry, died, aged 
58. 

8. Edward W. Netterville died, aged 20. 

9. Mary E., wife of Alexander Marvin, died, aged 57. 
The old scheme of a ship canal was revived in the legis- 
lature, by which it was proposed by the aid of $1,500,000 
to unite Albany and New Baltimore, and thus circumvent 
the overslaugh. 

10. William Masten died, aged 54. 

12. Zara Wilber died, aged 88. 

13. Charlotte M., wife of George Nash, died, aged 53. 

14. Mrs. Mary Roark died, aged 88. 

15. William Matthews died, aged 42 Margaret, 

wife of Richard Rhatigan, died, aged 22. 

16. Mrs. Elizabeth Myron died, aged 27. 

17. Mrs. Elizabeth Ki'dd died, aged 28 Jane Ken- 
nedy, widow of Joseph P. Briare, died, aged 38 The 

ice in the river moved down at night, and left an open 

area for home navigation Robert Blake died, aged 66. 

Joseph Kane died, aged 87. 

18. David Mclntosh, formerly of this city, died at 
Aberfeldy, Scotland. 

19. James McCaffery died, aged 64 Douglass For- 

syth died, aged 41. 

20. The New World steam boat arrived from New 

York, the first boat of the season Jacob Lansing died, 

aged 68. He was born December 17th, 1782, in the old 



410 Annals of the Year 1858. 

Dutch house on the north-east corner of North Pearl and 
Columbia streets. He was descended from a long line 
of Holland ancestry His grandfathers, Colonel Henry 
Quackenbush and Colonel Jacob J. Lansing, were patri- 
ots in the Revolution, and commanded regiments at the 
battles of Stillwater and Saratoga, which resulted in the 
capture of Burgoyne. Col. Quackenbush was also at one 
time chairman of the Albany committee of safety, during 
the Revolutionary war. Judge Lansing received the first 
rudiments of his education at the Granville academy, 
Washington county, in this state, and afterwards entered 
Middlebury college, Vt., where he graduated with dis- 
tinguished honors. Shortly after his return to the resi- 
dence of his grandfather it being the present ancient 
Dutch mansion still standing at the corner of Broadway 
and Quackenbush street in this city the war of 1812 
broke out with Great Britain, and he was commis- 
sioned, by Governor Daniel D.Tompkins, as quarter- 
master of the 12th regiment, New York state troops, 
commanded by Col. John T. Van Dalson. He proceeded 
with his regiment to Sackett's Harbor, and continued in 
the service until it was disbanded. On his return to this 
city, he commenced the study of the law in the office of 
Philip S. Parker, in Lion street, now Washington ave- 
nue, and was afterwards duly admitted to practice. He 
took an active part in politics, on the democratic side, in 
the great political contests of those days. In 1828 he 
was appointed judge of the Albany common pleas, and 
continued in the office until 1838, when he was appointed 
first judge of said court. During his term of office, the 
decisions of that court were highly respected. As a pre- 
siding magistrate, he was impartial, honest and capable, 
and gave character to the bench. Early in life he be- 
came a professor of religion, and united himself with 
the Middle Dutch church, and to the time of his death 
was always noted as being a most devoted follower of 
Christ. In all the relations of life he was highly honored 
and respected, and very few men indeed, could claim the 
respect of so wide a circle of acquaintances and friends. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 411 

20. R. M. Condon died, aged 54. 

21. Harperd V. D. Van Epps died, aged 47. 

22. Francis Donnelly died, aged 70. 

23. Joachim Bernard Garling died, aged 84. 

24. Caroline M., wife of Henry J. Wells, died, aged 24. 

26. A high wind unroofed and otherwise damaged 
buildings. 

27. Judith Hotchkiss died, aged 80. 

28. Mary, wife of John Campbell, died, aged 65. 

30. Charles Sharts died at St. Louis, aged 40, formerly 
of Albany. 

31. Nancy, widow of Wm. McBride, died. 

APRIL. 

3. The exhibition of paintings and sculpture from the 
collections of our citizens and artists, generously loaned 
for the benefit of the poor, and opened in January, was 
closed on this day. The receipts were $1,093-50; ex- 
penses $392 93; net proceeds $700-57. The distribution 
afforded relief by provisions, coal, clothing and money to 
290 families and in 850 instances, which was disbursed 
by the hand of the Rev. David Dyer. 

4. Charles Gay died, aged 44 Cornelius H. Dubois 

died, aged 46 Catharine Elizabeth, wife of Robert 

Emmet, Jr., and daughter of Augustus James, late of 
Albany, died at Rhinebeck. 

5. Charlotte Seton, wife of John Tayler Cooper, and 
daughter of the late John V. Henry, died. 

7. A fire was discovered and subdued in Hamilton 
street above Dove McKinney Conger died. 

10. Sarah A. E , wife of Thomas Morton, died, aged 39. 

11. Charlotte Elizabeth Andrews, wife of John P. 
Jones, died at Monticello, N. Y., aged 66. She was three 
years a teacher in the Albany Female Seminary, and 
eleven years in the Female Academy, and was one of the 
three ladies who were principally instrumental in laying 
the foundation of the Orphan Asylum. 

12. John Kilbourne died, aged 33. . . .Peter Evers died, 
aged 41 Margaret Payden died, aged 75. 



412 Annals of the Year 1858. 

13. Marietta Fenouelle died, aged 60 At the annual 

charter election Eli Perry was elected mayor, by a vote 
of 4,699; Dr. J. P. Quackenbush received 4,601. 

14. Mrs. Mary Woods died, aged 64. 

16. John Ogden Dey died James M. Hunt died at 

Santa Fe, said to have been a resident of this city. 

17. Laura A., wife of Thos. J. Brown, and daughter 
of Edwin Croswell, died in New York, aged 32. 

19. Edward Storey died, aged 21 Francis P. Dix 

died, aged 27 Daniel Sayre died, aged 39. 

21. Thomas McGuire died, aged 32 John T. Pruyn 

died. 

23. Cornelius Carroll died, aged 77. 

25. The hay scales corner of Plain and Philip streets 

were burnt Augustus J. Tiffany, who kept what was 

called the City Hotel, died, aged 84 George W. Palmer 

died, aged 34 A fire was discovered on the roof of a 

house in Van Schaick street; damage slight. 

27. William McMullen died, aged 38 A formal 

transfer of the Arsenal property was made by the state 
to the city in exchange for the lot corner of Eagle and 
Hudson streets, where it was proposed to erect an 
arsenal. 

28. John Van Zandt died, aged 91. He was a native 
of Albany, and in his boyhood heard the firing of cannon 
at Saratoga from the walls of Fort Frederick in State 
street. He was a trusty clerk in the store of James 
Caldwell for a number of years. In 1804 he entered the 
Bank of Albany as a clerk; in 1814 he became cashier, 
which office he held until 1838, when he resigned with a 
competency, but continued in the directory of the bank 
till his death. From newspaper notices we gather the 
following facts in relation to his personal history: Mr. 
Van Zandt was born in 1767, and his retentive memory 
brought down to this day reminiscences of the revolu- 
tionary age, and of the troubled times that preceded it, 
that were full of interest. He was one of the old Holland 
race though his father and grandfather were both born 
in Albany whose language and customs prevailed here 



Annals of the Year 1858. 413 

long after the revolutionary era, and are only now be- 
coming extinct. His father, John Van Zandt, resided 
on the east side of Union street Hudson street park. 
His mother, Mary Brooks, was of highly respectable 
English family, well known in this city. In youth, Mr. 
Van Zandt was for a short time in a banking house in 
New York, before the first bank was incorporated. While 
there he often saw Washington and his associates. After 
this (in the year of Shays's war) James Caldwell put him 
and another young man, Mr. Mynderse, in charge of a 
country retail store, at Btnnington, Vt. At that time, 
Troy was scarcely a village, and the way to Bennington 
was mostly through an unbroken forest. While residing 
at Bennington, he became acquainted with and married 
Mehetabel Jones, of Williamstown, Mass., a most estima- 
ble lady, and again became a resident of Albany, With 
her he enjoyed domestic happiness and tranquillity, in an 
eminent degree, till by her death they were separated, 
when he was about 74 years of age. To these habits of 
life, and being strictly temperate, he always attributed 
his good health and contented, happy old age not con- 
scious of having harmed any man in life. He retained, 
till a great age, an accurate memory of the events of his 
early life. He well remembered hearing the signal gun 
fired from the top of the old Schuyler mansion, when the 
Indians in the night came in the rear way, through the 
corn field and garden, entering the back door and sur- 
prising General Schuyler and a few friends who were 
spending the evening with him. The signal gun rallied 
the people and frightened the Indians, causing them to 
make their retreat with but little booty. He was walking 
on the ramparts of Fort Frederick {which reared its de- 
fence in State street, just south of St. Peter's church) at 
the very time of the battle of Saratoga, and heard the 
noise of the cannonade. He asked a soldier, who was with 
him, if this could be so, and the soldier confirmed it, as 
they were at a height where the strong north-east wind, 
then blowing, could bear the sound uninterrupted. He re- 
membered also the surrender of Burgoyne and the march- 



414 Annals of the Year 1858. 

ing of the captured Hessians through Albany, and was a 
witness of the most memorable journey ever made into the 
old war-worn city of Albany. He was a boy, engaged at 
play on the wharf which one of the few that existed 
was built out at the foot of the present State street. The 
boys were told that a company of horsemen were coming 
down Market street, and that one of them was General 
Schuyler. He ran up to the street to see the group. 
There rode a company of gentlemen on horseback, in an 
easy, familiar, companionable way, one of whom was 
Philip Schuyler, and another John Burgoyne. He saw 
the Indians gathered in State street above the old Dutch 
church, to receive their annuity, and exhibiting their 
dances, and meeting in a desultory council, to the edifi- 
cation of the Albanians. They were seated for the pur- 
pose of enumeration on the sidewalk, and the line extended 
from the church to the present locality of Pearl street, 
and it was a policy greatly wondered at by the multitude, 
that the distribution was made per capita, the little 
strapped-up papoose receiving as much as the old war- 
chief who, probably, could have entertained the Albanians 
with curious statistics concerning the scalps of many of 
their ancestors. He recollected that from the wagons 
pressed into the service, as they were engaged in trans- 
porting ammunition, which had been landed from the 
sloops at King's wharf, the cannon balls dropped into the 
wretched roadway, and men engaged under impressment 
did not pause to gather up their work. He repeatedly 
saw men executed in Albany, under the decision and 
direction of the committee of safety, for being tories or 
cow boys, or highway robbers; and for the lighter offences 
the whipping post was resorted to. He had the habits 
of the race. Integrity, resoluteness, economy, aversion 
to change and to show, and strong local attachment. 
Tranquil, unambitious, devoid of care, he prolonged his 
life, without disease, his faculties unclouded, until the 
few last days of his life. 

30. William N. Staats died, aged 78 William Good- 
son died, aged 27. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 415 

MAY. 

1. The steam boat New World brought up from New- 
York 500 tons of freight, the charges on which, with the 
passage money, &c., was over $2,200. This is believed 
to have been the largest freight ever brought up at one 

trip James Baker died, aged 33 Erastus Perry 

died, aged 72. 

2. James Dey Ermand died, aged 55. 

3. Elizabeth Capron died, aged 50 Elizabeth, wife 

of William Wareing died, aged 56.. -.The old vegetable 
market, an unsightly range of sheds, was pulled down, 
attracting a good deal of observation. (See next page.) 

4. Mrs. Catharine McHarg died, aged 78 Peter 

Murphy died, aged 33. 

5. Archibald Mclntyre died, aged 56. He came to this 
city at an early age from Scotland, and from 1798 to 
J802 was a member of Assembly from Montgomery 
county. In 1806 he was appointed comptroller of the 
state, an office which he filled with ability and integrity 
until 1821, when he was removed in consequence of his 
refusal to pay claims rendered by Gov. Tompkins for 
services and disbursements during the war, without the 
proper vouchers. He was soon after elected to the senate 
for six years. He then became associated with John B. 
Yates in the management of the state lotteries, in which 
he continued till the lotteries were abolished. This firm 
was also largely interested in the Welland canal. At a 
later period Mr. Mclntyre purchased a large tract of land 
in the northern part of the state, and gave much atten- 
tion to its improvement Harriet G., wife of J. C. Rob- 
inson, died at Springfield, Mass., aged 53. 

6. Eliza A., wife of Caleb Weaver, died, aged 33 

James Turner died, aged 42. 

7. William White died, aged 45. 

8. William Lyman died, aged 52 Samuel F. Follett 

was drowned, aged 28. 

9. Elizabeth, wife of Alex. Reid, died, aged 23. 

11. William J. Hardy died, aged 54 Isaac Lansing 

died, aged 71. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 417 

13. Martha, widow of John Meacham, died, aged 67. 

15. Anthony Gould died, aged 56. Mr. Gould came to 
this city in 1821, and after several years of clerkship in 
the law bookstore of his uncle William Gould, he became 
a partner in the business. He had retired from active 
pursuits but a short time, with an ample fortune, when 
he was overtaken by death suddenly. He was one of the 
founders of the Congregational church, to which he con- 
tributed with great liberality. 

16. Sarah, widow of Nicholas Efner and daughter of 
Sybrant Kittle, died, ageo;50. 

19. Mrs. Catharine Landers died, aged 62. 

20. Joel White died, aged 46 Matthew A. Russell 

died, aged 28 Morris Labascheiner was drowned at 

the ferry. 

21. The Cathedral was robbed of the money in the 

poor boxes and of several costly prayer books A circus 

made a procession through the streets preceded by a car 
drawn by six elephants, and containing a steam organ, 
termed a calliope. 

22. Derike, wife of Dier Newton, died, aged 72. 

25. Mary, wife of Robert Hutchison, died, aged 49. 
Thomas McElroy, formerly of Albany, died at New 
Scotland, aged 56. 

26. Granville Slack died, aged 59. 

27. Washington G. Gibson, confined in the station 
house for abuse of his wife, committed suicide, aged 48. 

28. Sarah Ann, wife of Henry Mattice, died. 

31. Titus Norton died, aged 64 William A. Duer, 

formerly of Albany, died in New York. Mr. Duer was 
a grandson of Lord Stirling, and claimed the title. He 
was for several years a distinguished member of the 
legislature of New York, representing Dutchess county, 
and was a leader in the old federal party. In 1818 he 
removed to Albany, where he was again elected to repre- 
sent this county in the state legislature. He joined the 
democratic party in 1818, and took ground against Gov 
ernor Clinton. In 1823, he was appointed circuit judge 
for the circuit embracing Albany, Columbia, Rensselaer, 

[Annals, x.] 36 



418 Annals of the Year 1858. 

and some other counties. After filling this office for 
several years, he removed to the city of New York, and 
was appointed president of Columbia college. He was 
the author of a life of his ancestor, Lord Stirling, and of 
a work on constitutional jurisprudence. It was Judge 
Duer who presided at the trial of Jesse Strang, indicted 
for the murder of Whipple at Cherry Hill, in the spring 

of 1827 Benjamin C. Brainard died, aged 50 Philo 

C. Hackley died, aged 76. 

JUNE. 

1. John Wood worth died, aged 89. He was a native 
of Columbia county, and received an education in Albany 
under John Lovett. In 1791, immediately after his ad- 
mission to the bar of the supreme court, he settled in 
Troy in the practice of the law. In that year the county 
of Rensselaer was taken from Albany and erected into a 
new county, and the little village of Troy, which had 
received its name only the year before, began to make 
some pretensions to rivalry with Lansingburgh, and con- 
tended with her for the courthouse, successfully, which 
was built in 1794. He was the first postmaster in Troy, 
and held the office about five years, until 1798 or 1799. 
In 1802 he was elected a member of the legislature, and 
in 1806 removed to Albany. In 1800 he was an elector 
of president and vice president, and was associated with 
William P. Van Ness in a revision of the laws of the 
state. In March, 1819, he was appointed by Gov. Clinton 
a judge of the supreme court, and remained on the bench 
until 1828, when it was assumed that he had reached the 
period in life at which the constitution interposed a dis- 
qualification; in reality he was but 57 instead of 60. He 
resisted this assumption, and a suit was pending at the 
time of his death to recover three years' salary. He had 
recently prepared an argument in an important case at 
law which had elicited the admiration of the whole bar. 
His active habits and temperate mode of life contributed 
to his good health, cheerfulness and longevity. Until a 
few weeks before his death his erect form and agile step 




of the Year 1858. . 



indicated a person but little past the middle age rather 
than one who had lived almost through a whole century. 
Mrs. Susan Peterson died, aged 86. She was an aged 
colored woman, who for the past twenty-seven years had 
lived in the family of Mr. Rufus H. King of this city. 
Aunt Susan, as she was called by her many friends, was 
born in 1772. Her mother was a slave in the family of 
General Ten Broeck of this city, where the subject of 
this notice was born. As a little girl she remembered 
waiting upon General Washington at the house of General 
Ten Broeck, and retained a,vivid recollection of the father 
of his country. At the age of 17, Aunt Susan became a 
member of the North Dutch church, then under the pas- 
toral charge of Domine Westerlo. Of this church she 
remained a consistent and exemplary member during her 
long life. It was supposed that, at the time of her death, 
she was the oldest member of that congregation. Aunt 
Susan was once married. She raised a large family of 
children, but one of whom, however, a daughter, survived 
her. She was a woman possessing many virtues, and 
her memory will long live with those who visited the 
house of Mr. King ---- A fire in First street, Arbor hill, 
destroyed a cabinet shop and the dwelling of Mrs. Gries- 
man, who with her children narrowly escaped with their 
lives. Loss $1500; no insurance. 

2. Jane C., wife of Nelson Bailey, died, aged 47. 

3. Mrs. Mary Youds died, aged 47. 

9. Benjamin Gibson died, aged 67 ____ Mrs. Hannah 
Slingerland died, aged 47. 

10. Azor Taber, a distinguished counselor at law, died, 
aged 60. He came to this city in 1824, and was some 
time a law partner of Jabez D. Hammond. In 1827 he 
took an active part in the reelection of John Quincy 
Adams to the office of president, and wrote for the Albany 
Morning Chronicle. He was senator in 1852 and 1853, 
which were the only civil offices he filled; but was noted 
for his industry and ability as a legal practitioner, during 
a residence of nearly a quarter of a century. In 1854 he 
retired from business and resided in Knox, the town of 



420 Annals of the Year 1858. 

his birth. He took an active part in the temperance 
movement. 

11. Jane, widow of Joseph T. Rice, died, aged 64 

Lawrence Dowd died, aged 59. 

15. Isabella, wife of John N. McKaig, died, aged 28. 
John Hermans died, aged 79. 

16. Mrs. Neal McCotter died, aged 72. In a fit of in- 
sanity she put an end to her existence. 

17. A fire at the corner of Franklin and Bassett streets 
destroyed several wooden tenements and a grocery; loss 
$10,000. 

18- John Beetham died, aged 49. 

20. Harriet K., wife of Edmund Burdick, died. 

23. Dr. Nanning Visscher Winne died, aged 52 A 

fire broke out at the corner of Orange and Water streets, 
which destroyed several buildings, and much lumber in 
the yard of Messrs. Bullock & Many; also swept away 
the machine shop of Mellen Battel. Loss about $20,000. 

24. Mary, wife of John Hurdis, died, aged 57. 

25. John Banlham died, aged 89. 

27. Thomas P. Waters died, aged 45. 

28. Festival of the Turnverein, which continued two 
days, at Blackman's bush, on the border of Bethlehem. 

29. John Cassidy died, aged 29. 

30. A building in Arch street west of Grand, used for 
preparing patent roofing material, was burnt. Loss about 
$250; no insurance The chief engineer of the fire de- 
partment reported 37 fires during the year, 21 alarms, 
and 7 false alarms; making 65 times that the department 
had been called out during the year. The amount of 
property destroyed was $45,064, of which $34,149 was 
insured, leaving $11,015 loss to the owners. 

JULY. 

1. Alarms of fire, real and false, were of unusually 
frequent occurrence. 

2. Po\vers L. Green died, aged 34 A fire in Sand 

street destroyed several wooden sheds of little value. 

3. Catharine, wife of Thurlow Weed, died, aged 61. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 421 

7. Thomas Bowen died, aged 65 Mrs. Margaret 

Flansburgh died, aged 79. 

10. John Calhoun died, aged 29. 

11. Charles A. Vedder died, aged 22 ,A warm and 

sultry morning was followed by a tremendous tempest, 
which spent its utmost fury north of the city, and a fall 
of 35 deg. in the temperature cf the atmosphere succeeded. 

13. Joel Courtney died, aged 29 A tempest of rain 

deluged the city. 

15. John N. Wilder died, aged 44. He was a native 
of New Braintree, Mass., and came to this city in 1828. 
He commenced active life as a clerk in the dry goods 
establishment of Wilder & Hastings, corner of State and 
Green streets, of which firm Ephraim Wilder, his uncle, 
was chief partner, and at his death left him the principal 
part of his fortune. He began business for himself in con- 
nection with Mr. Wm. E. Bleecker, in the wholesale dry 
goods business, and was afterwards connected with two 
or three other establishments; and although a prudent 
and capable business man, did not give his whole ener- 
gies to those enterprises, but took a deep interest in civil, 
religious and educational institutions. He made a dona- 
tion of ten thousand dollars to the Rochester university, 
and by public addresses in different parts of the state, and 
by personal appeals, he procured tens of thousands from 
others. More than any other man he was regarded as 
the founder of that institution, and was president of the 
board of trustees at the time of his death. 

16. A fire at 1 o'clock in the morning destroyed a car- 
penter's shop in Clinton avenue Oliver Mills died, 

aged 36. 

18. Henry S. Pemberton died, aged 53. 

19. Dr. Seymour W. Simpson, died. 

20. Preston Flagg died, aged 20. 

21. Alexander Stewart died, aged 49. 

22. Eliza McLaughlin died, aged 52. 

26. James Stack died, aged 47. 

27. The steam canal boat Charles Wack, from Buffalo, 
arrived in six days, intended as an experiment of steam 



422 Annals of the Year 1858. 

navigation on the Erie canal John V. James died in 

New York, aged 20. 

30. D. D. T. Moore died, aged 47 Michael Caddey 

died, aged 53. 

31. Cortland Schuyler died, aged 72, and was buried 

from his residence in Tivoli hollow Sarah A., wife of 

John Gordon, died, aged 39. 

AUGUST. 

1. Joseph J. Wright died, aged 62. 

2. The iron bridge over the canal at the foot of Law- 
rence street, while a drove of cattle were crossing, gave 
way and fell into the canal, carrying down a hundred 
cattle. The water was drawn off, and the cattle rescued. 

5. News received of the successful laying of the At- 
lantic telegraph wire Calvert Comstock, editor of the 

Atlas & Argus assumed the duties of postmaster. 

6. The telegraph office illuminated in honor of the 
completion of the Atlantic telegraph. Every office in 
the United States from Maine to California was illumin- 
ated at the same time. 

7. A fire in Rotten row, Hamilton street, between 
Green and Liberty; damage slight. 

8. An alarm of fire in Elk street; roof damaged. 

9. The common council and others visited the brewery 
of John Taylor & Sons in the evening to inspect the new 
clock and bell erected in that establishment. The dial 
plates of the clock are six feet in diameter, and the bell 
weighs 1200 pounds. They are elevated nearly 100 feet 
from the street, and cost $4000. The clock is illuminated 
by gas burners and reflectors, and the time may be dis- 
tinguished at considerable distance. After examining 
the clock, the company was invited into the library, for 
the purpose of partaking of a collation. Mr. Taylor's 
library consists of about 10,000 volumes. After several 
speeches and sentiments were got off, the party dispersed, 
highly pleased with the entertainment. 

The trustees of the North Dutch church undertook the 
repairing and remodeling of their edifice. It was built 



Annals of the Tear 1858. 423 

in 1798, in the Italian Renaissance style, in which, at 
that time, almost all public as well as private buildings 
were erected. Of late years, however, architecture has 
made rapid progress ; and since the early Christian styles 
have been the subject of profound and patient study, their 
beauty and symmetry is more and more appreciated; and 
they have with very few exceptions, been since applied 
in the construction and ornamentation of modern churches. 
This church was remodeled in the Romanesque style, which 
preceded the Gothic. The four brick columns in front, with 
the Doric gable, were replaced by an arcade of three 
round arches, from which three doors open into the ves- 
tibule. The flat ceiling in the church was replaced by 
groined vaults, supported by thin and graceful columns, 
with Romanesque capitals. The old, narrow and high 
pulpit was removed, and a wide open platform, with a 
lecturn constructed in its stead. The windows were 
filled with stained glass after new designs. The towers 
were carried up higher and covered with slate. In the 
rear an addition was made to the church, to contain 
Sunday school rooms, a room for the trustees, a vestry- 
room, and a large lecture room, capable of seating be- 
tween 350 and 400 persons, the old one being entirely 
too small for the purposes to which it was applied. The 
designs were made by Von Steinwehr and Hodgins, 
eminent architects, under whose superintendence the im- 
provements were carried out. 

13. Thomas S. Knight died, aged 41. 

14. John G. Don died, aged 31. 

16. The first message across the Atlantic telegraph 
was received in the evening from the queen of England, 
whereupon there was a spontaneous outburst from every 
mouth, and the greatest rejoicings were enacted in all 
ordinary and some extraordinary ways, which were con- 
tinued during the whole night Angus McDonald 

died, aged 53 Ann Rodeau died, aged 72. 

18. Mrs. James E. McClure died. 

19. John B. Nellegar died, aged 45. 

21. Christiana, wife of Hathorn McCulloch, died, 
aged 79. 



424 Annals of the Year 1858. 

24. William A. Wadsworth died, aged 36 Mrs. Joel 

West, late of Albany, died at West Lee, Mass., aged 60. 

25. Abijah Hall died, aged 83 Nancy Tufts died, 

aged 28. 

28. Hamilton Blanchard, aged 26, died at Salem, 
Washington county. 

29. Adaline, wife of Henry T. Meech, died at Buffalo. 

30. Mrs. Charles Sayles died, aged 40. 

SEPTEMBER. 

1. Mary T., wife of B. S. Van Rensselaer, died at 

Ballston John J. Fitzpatrick died, aged 24 Great 

celebration of the success of the Atlantic telegraph. The 
fete by day was never equaled on any former occasion, 
and the illumination by night far surpassed any thing 
every before seen here. All business was suspended by 
common consent, and the whole city entered into the 
spirit of the jubilee spontaneously. 

3. Elizabeth Parker died, aged 78. 

4. Margaret Linacre died, aged 85 Robert Furman 

died in Williamsburgh, aged 34. 

5. Mrs. Anna B., wife of Aaron Ryder, died at Milford, 
Mass., aged 37; formerly of Albany. 

7. John Hilton died, aged 74. 

10. Nathan Cornell, who formerly resided on the island 

below the city, died at Syracuse, aged 88 William 

O'Donnell died, aged 50. 

1 1 Elizabeth Valentine died, aged 87. 

14. Mary Jane, wife of James L. Mitchell, died, aged 
35 Jacob Downing, formerly of this city, died at Ro- 
chester, Ohio, aged 67. He was an alderman of the 8th 
ward, and was many years ago the projector of the soup 
house charity, which came to be a very corrupt charity, 
the best pieces of meat unaccountably disappearing. 

16. Margaret, wife of John O'Conner, died, aged 54. 

17. A bell was placed in the tower of the Swan street 
Methodist Episcopal church, weighing 2000 Ibs. 

22. Silas C. Parsons died, aged 77. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 425 

23. David Bryan died, aged 29 James B. Douglass, 

formerly of Albany, died in New York, aged 71. 

25. Harriet Lavinia Covert, wife of William H. Allen, 
died at Middle Granville, aged 24. 

26. Anna M. Van Allen died, aged 17 William 

Mahony died, aged 57. 

28. Thomas H. Dobbs died, aged 57. 

29. Firemen's jubilee. Nearly 3000 firemen from six 
different states gathered here for a display, from Detroit 
in the west, Providence in the east and Newark in the 
south, and numerous intermediate places, to the number 
of 61 companies, including those of the city. There 
were 19 bands of music in the procession. First came 
two carriages, in one of which was Jonathan Brooks, an 
ancient fireman, with a fire cap of No. 8, of which he was 
foreman fifty-eight years ago. Exempt firemen to the 
number of 200 drew old No. 4, built by James Rogers. 
These old fellows had got so thoroughly warmed up on 
the occasion, that notwithstanding their long march, 
when the procession broke up they could not resist the 
inclination to have a run with der masheene, and accord- 
ingly with an old fashioned " Hi yi! give way boys! give 
way!" they took a run up State street, which called out 
the hearty cheers of the young firemen and spectators... 
Ann Bell, aged 22, was killed by the falling of a stone 

upon her head while witnessing the procession James 

Lamb died, aged 40 Catharine Kelley died, aged 90. 

30. This day was given by the seventy fire companies 
to competing for the prizes. It was a "time of intense 
excitement, and continued till the close of day, the prizes, 
amounting to $1800 being paid to the foremen of the suc- 
cessful engines in gold. The weather had been until 7 
o'clock every thing that could be desired. At that hour 
a violent tempest of wind, rain and electricity burst upon 
the city, and brought down the top-mast of the lofty flag 
staff in the parade ground, which had served to mark 
the prowess of the firemen in the contest for superiority. 
The streets were nevertheless still redolent of red shirts. 



426 Annals of the Year 1858. 

and squads of firemen pervaded the streets jubilant with 
success and excitement. 

OCTOBER. 

1. The morning again echoed with the music of fife and 
drum, as the remaining companies of firemen were es- 
corted to the steam boats and rail road cars on their 
departure homeward, and by 12 o'clock the last red shirt 
disappeared. The fete was a complete success, eclipsing 
every thing of the kind that had preceded it in this place, 
in the memory of man Peter White died, aged 56. 

2. Rev. Henry Mandeville, formerly pastor of the 
Fourth Presbyterian church, died at Mobile. The fol- 
lowing obituary notice of him is from the Utica Herald : 
" By telegraph we have the intelligence of the death at 
Mobile, Alabama, the 2d inst., of Rev. Henry Mandeville, 
D. D., well known to our citizens as a scholar and cler- 
gyman. It is a quarter of a century since Dr. Mandeville 
came to this city from Geneva, and became pastor of the 
Reformed Dutch church, in which capacity and after- 
wards as pastor of the First Presbyterian church, he 
made many warm friends, and won a high reputation as 
a pulpit orator. In 1841, he became Professor of Moral 
Philosophy and Rhetoric at Hamilton college, and con- 
tinued in that post for eight years. During that time he 
published several works on elocution, which possess 
great value and have become standards in that depart- 
ment in many of our best institutions. During the earlier 
part of this period he also occupied the pulpit of the First 
Presbyterian church, and in 1843, or thereabouts, was 
again unanimously invited to resume the pastorate. This, 
however, he declined, and remained at Clinton until 
1849. He thence removed to Albany, and was for some 
years pastor of one of the Presbyterian churches there. 
His health failing, he went to Mobile to spend the winter, 
and was invited to occupy the pulpit of Dr. Hamilton's 
church in that city, and before his visit was completed 
he was pressed to accept a call to take up his residence 
as pastor of that largest and wealthiest church in the 




ST. PETER'S CHURCH. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 427 

state. Considerations of health and usefulness induced 
him to yield to the request, and he has there found a grave. 

'* Dr. Mandeville was a native of this state, and it will 
be seen from this brief sketch, spent a good part of the 
summer of his life in Oneida county. He was a genial 
and broad-hearted man. As a pastor he was popular 
and useful, and as a preacher evinced more culture, 
oratory, force and taste, than are often combined in the 
same person. He was always an attractive speaker, and 
as a public lecturer, his efforts were very successful. As 
an author, his system of elocution is original and of con- 
ceded value. Dr. Mandeville was much above the average 
of men in ability, acquirements and usefulness; and as 
is the case with every faithful pastor, his eulogy as a 
Christian minister is best written on the hearts of those 
who have personal experience of the good results of his 
labors." Thomas Johnson died, aged 50. 

Oct. 3. EbenezerE. A.Roberts died, aged 37 St. 

Peter's church was not opened for service on account of 
the insecurity of the ceiling. The walls had long been 
in a dilapidated condition, the foundation having settled 
in several places so as to cause large fissures on the east 
side. The congregation worshiped in the lecture room 
of the State Agricultural Society. 

Oct. 4. Robert Kirkpatrick died, aged 68 The 

comet, \vfiich for several weeks had increased in bril- 
liancy, was now at its nearest proximity, and made the 
finest display that had been witnessed in many years. 

5. Rachel, wife of Julius Tremper, died. 

6. Eliza Davis died, aged 42 Dr. David M. Mc- 

Lachlan, formerly professor of materia medica in the 
Albany Medical College, and a practicing physician here, 
died at Cleveland, Oneida county, N. Y., aged 55. He 
was a native of Scotland, and a graduate of Edinburgh 
college. 

8. Alice Harney died, aged 44 The Burgesses 

Corps celebrated the 25th anniversary of the organiza- 
tion of the corps, which took place at the Maiden Lane 
Saloon in 1833. The first captain was John 0. Cole, 
who was succeeded by Capt. Bayeux, Capt. Humphrey, 



428 Annals of the Year 1858. 

B. R. Spelman, Rufus King, Franklin Townsend, J. W. 
Blanchard, Wrn. J. Thomas, and B. R. Spelman again. 
Although it is a quarter of a century since the organiza- 
tion of the corps, but one of the above officers has de- 
ceased, namely, Capt. Bayeux, At the supper table, 
Cornelius Wendell, Esq., one of the original members, 
presented $500 to be invested, and the income annually 
appropriated to some reward of soldierly merit to the 
most deserving member of the company. 
10. Amelia, wife of J. S. Hitchcock, died. 

14. Samuel Boyd, formerly of Albany, died in New 
Orleans, aged 30. 

15. Siche, widow of the late Samuel Vail, died, aged 
93. 

16. John Hayes died, aged 28. 

18. Sally, wife of John I. De Graff, formerly of this 
city, died at Hoffman's Ferry, aged 55. 

19. Ann Jane, wife of Cooper Sickles, died, aged 31. 

20. Mary, widow of Michael Arts, died, aged 67. 
22. John H. Bennett died, aged 37. 

24. Nancy, wife of Duncan McKercher, died, aged 66. 
Rev. T. A. Starkey of St. Paul's church, who had been 
absent some time from his congregation on account of 
ill-health, after a few prefatory remarks, delivered in 
front of the chancel, announced that it was the last time 
he should address them in the character of pastor, and 
bade them farewell. His remarks and his determination 
were evidently unexpected, and were received with mani- 
fest surprise and emotion. Times. 

26. At a meeting of the common council, on motion of 
Alderman Serviss, it was resolved to print the minutes of 

the board Alderman Barhydt reported that the city 

now owned five engines, six hose carts, and two hook 
and ladder wagons, for which there was no further ne- 
cessity, and recommended that they be sold Afire 

broke out in the residence of J. H. Sharp in Colonie 
street, and a child was suffocated. 

29. Mary L. wife of Wm. G. Ertzberger died, aged 38. 

Jehiel Knapp died, aged 76 Margaret Elizabeth, wife 

of James McWilliams, died, aged 25. 



Annals of the Year 1858. 429 

NOVEMBER. 

1. Howard "Watson died, aged 24. 

2. Election day. John H. Reynolds was elected rep- 
resentative to congress and William A. Young to the 
state assembly; Thomas W. Van Alstyne, sheriff. 

5. Henry Austin died at San Francisco, aged 41, son 
of the late William Austin. 

6. Zechariah Standish, globe manufacturer, died, aged 
62. He had the pistol and tobacco pipe of Miles Standish, 
the puritan, which were sold after his death. 

7. Maria Vedder died, fcged 51 Snow fell at an 

early hour in the morning, the first of the season; on the 
Helderberg it fell to the depth of a foot. 

9. A fire destroyed a pile of lumber in Lawrence street, 
valued at $1000; supposed to have been fired by an in- 
cendiary. 

10. The following were elected officers of the County 
Medical Society: S. D. Willard, M. D., president; S. 0, 
Vanderpoel, M. D., vice president; Levi Moore, M. D., 
secretary; William H. Bailey, M. D., treasurer. 

11. Sophia, wife of John K. Porter, died, aged 29 

Maria M. Triger died, aged 55 Gertrude, wife of R. 

E. Churchill, died, aged 38. 

12. Elizabeth, wife of James Murray, died, aged 46. 
14. The Arbor Hill Methodist Episcopal church, which 

had been closed some time for repairs, was opened for 
service. Three services were held, and the collections 
and subscriptions taken up amounted to $1400. 

16. Mrs. Anna Ross died, aged 52 Elizabeth, wife 

of Philip Dunn, died, aged 20. 

18. Elizabeth, wife of Michael Springer, died, aged 30. 

William R. Sumner died, aged 23 Philip Smith 

died, aged 72. 

22. At a meeting of the common council the finance 
committee reported the amount of money, to be raised 
by taxation to defray expenses for the ensuing year to be 
as follows: 

[Annals, x.] 37 



430 Annals of the Year 1858. 

Contingent expenses, ordinary, $42,000 

Deficiency in amount raised in 1857, 40,000 

Police department 37,000 

Furnishing, &c., city lamps 19,000 

Deficiency on account of improving streets, 1 0,000 

Interest on public debt, 35,000 

" on sinking fund, 10,000 

Temporary relief out-door poor, 18, 000 

Fire department, 17,000 

Finish'ing and furnishing industrial school, 5,000 

Support of public schools, 32,000 

Extra appropriation for 1st ward school house, . 15,000 

$280,000 

22. Isaac Newton, manager and principal owner of the 
People's Line of steam boats, died in New York, aged 63. 
He was the son of a soldier of the revolution, and was 
born in the town of Schodack, Rensselaer county, N. Y., 
on the 10th of January, 1794. When Robert Fulton's 
first boat, named the Clermont, in honor of Chancellor 
Livingston, made her trial trip in August, 1807, Mr. 
Newton was 13 years of age, and through life retained a 
distinct recollection of the ridicule, astonishment and in- 
credulity which attended the inauguration of steam navi- 
gation. His attention thus drawn to the subject, seconded 
his inclination and constructive talent; and over ninety 
vessels, consisting of ocean steamers, steam boats, barges, 
sloops, &c., have been built under his supervision. He 
established the first line of tow boats on the Hudson, 
and in 1835 he built the steam boat Balloon, the first of 
the splendid river craft which have won the admiration 
of the world. The North America, South America, 
Isaac Newton, New World, Hendrik Hudson, &c., fol- 
lowed, and gave rise to the term floating palaces, as 
used to express the magnificence of our river and lake 
steamers. Mr. Newton commenced his career as master 
of a river sloop, and was entirely a self-made man. He 
was a practical Christian. For some thirty years he 
has been an active member of the Oliver Street Baptist 



Annals of the Year 1858. 431 

church, and during most of that time a Sunday school 
teacher Helen Louisa Gourlay died, aged 40. 

23. James Davidson died, aged 52.... Bridget Tomp- 
kins died, aged 70. 

28. The Universalist church, which had been closed 
some time for repairs, was opened for service. The in- 
terior was entirely refitted, the walls and ceiling frescoed, 
the seats uniformly upholstered, and the wood work 
painted to correspond with the walls. 

DECEMBER. 

1. Sarah, widow of John 'Nicholson, died at Palmyra, 
aged 78. 

2. Harriet, wife of Abram Covert, died, aged 64. 

3. David Hynes died, aged 56 Thomas Becket died, 

aged 54. 

5. Samuel Wiley died, aged 28 Charlotte Bleecker, 

widow of Vinal Luce, died at Washington. 

6. Abraham Tomlinson died,*aged 80. 

10. Anna Egberts, wife of Oliver Steele, died at Co- 
hoes George G. Sparling died, aged 79. 

17. Mary Ann Sheldon died, aged 55. 

18. The river closed. 

19. Thermometer 2 deg. below zero. 

20. Catharine, widow of Matthias Kline, died, aged 72. 

The common council, after numerous ballotings at 

four different sessions for deputy chamberlain, without a 
choice, resolved to request the mayor to fill the office of 
receiver of taxes until the office was regularly filled. 

21. Eleanor, widow of Win. Van Zandt, died, aged 77. 

23. John Jacob Wendell was elected deputy chamber- 
lain in the place of Thomas W. Van Alstyne resigned. .. 
..A meeting was held at the Capitol, Hon. Eli Perry, 
president, to discuss the abduction of young Mortara, a 
Jew, claimed by the Catholics as having been baptized 

into their church Mrs. Ruth Parmalee Hough died, 

aged 71 Mary W., wife of Andrew McKaig, senior, 

died, aged 60. 



(432) 
THE 

CHUKCH OF THE HOLT INNOCENTS. 

The church which bears this title was the fifth parish 
organized in this city by the Protestant Episcopal church. 
The increase of the population, and the extension of the 
city had necessitated some special provision for the spirit- 
ual wants of the members of that church living in the 
northern part of the town. A considerable part of them , 
however, were neither sufficiently settled in their resi- 
dence, nor pecuniarily able to originate so important an 
undertaking, of themselves. The claims of this field had 
not been unobserved by others ; but a decisive movement 
to accomplish the object pf building up a congregation in 
that quarter was first made in 1847 by the Rector of St. 
Paul's church in cooperation, chiefly, with the layman, 
then and for many years its senior-warden, who finally 
assumed the whole expense of the undertaking. It was 
proposed to erect a chapel in the northern part of the 
city, and to sustain it as a free church and mission. The 
disastrous fire of 1848 put a stop to the circulation of 
the subscription paper which had been commenced, and 
nothing was accomplished. A sketch of the chapel in- 
tended to be built had been obtained from Mr. Frank 
Wills, an admirable architect, and estimates in accord- 
ance with it had been made, the material to be of brick, 
and the edifice to be as inexpensive as possible. The 
means to build with were not forthcoming. Eventually 
Mr. William H. De Witt, who had taken a leading part 
in the enterprise from the commencement, assumed the 
entire cost and charge of the work, having already given 
the site for the building. 

The corner stone of the church was laid by the Rt. 
Rev. the Bishop of Maryland, June 7, 1849, with the 
usual services, in the presence of a number of clergymen, 




INTERIOR OF THE 

CHURCH OF THE HOLY INNOCENTS. 



Church of the Holy Innocents. 433 

the Rev. Dr. Kip delivering an address. The work on 
the building was pushed forward with energy, by Messrs. 
Orr & Cunningham, masons; Mr. Stuart and Mr. Par- 
sons, wood-workers. Being the first specimen of proper 
Early English architecture, in the city, the edifice was an 
object of curiosity to many besides those who felt a 
deeper interest in it in view of the sacred purposes which 
it was to subserve. 

On Sexagesima Sunday, A. D. 1850, being the 3d of 
February, the church, being entirely completed and ar- 
ranged, it was first opened for the solemn services to 
which it was ever after to* be appropriated. The Rev. 
Sylvanus Reed, who had taken the charge of the parish, 
officiated and preached on this occasion. 

The legal organization of the parish in accordapce 
with the statutes of the state of New York, took place on 
the 16th of February, 1850. The wardens and vestry- 
men elected at that time were the following: 
Wardens. William H. De Witt, John Buckbee. 
Vestrymen. Robert Server, John D. Parsons, John H. 
Bowne, E. H. Clarke, Joshua Rathbun, S. H. H. Par- 
sons, Esq., Wm. Headlam, and Wm. Lacy. 

And at the first meeting of the vestry, the Rev. Mr. 
Reed was elected to the Rectorship of the church. 

The certificate of the incorporation of the parish hav- 
ing been laid before the standing committee of the dio- 
cese of New York, it was formally approved by them on 
the 13th of June; and it was admitted to union with the 
convention of the diocese at the Special meeting of con- 
vention, in November, 1850.* 

The congregation had not yet been gathered, but as 
soon as the church was opened, those who signified to the 
Rector their desire to become members of the parish were 
registered and visited by him. 

The Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was first 
celebrated on Sunday the 17th of February, to about 

*An oversight in the execution of the form of incorporation pre- 
vented the admission of the parish into tbe convention at its meeting 
September, 1850. 



434 Church of the Holy Innocents. 

twenty persons, there being then about thirty families in 
the congregation. Holy baptism was administered to an 
adult at evening prayer on the same day. A daily service 
was for some time celebrated. The Sunday school was 
organized at the close of the year, in a school room fur- 
nished by Mr. De Witt. 

The entire property, consisting of two lots of ground, 
and of the church edifice, with its furniture, was conveyed 
by a perpetual lease to the corporation, legally formed, 
of the Rector, Wardens and Vestry of the Church of the 
Holy Innocents, upon condition that the church should 
always be occupied by, and used in the services of the 
Protestant Episcopal church; that its sittings should 
always be free ; that its donors should have the care of 
the grounds, edifice and furniture, and temporalities, the 
privilege of enlarging the building, and of nominating to 
the rectorship. The donors also reserved the right of re- 
entering the premises for the purpose of conveying them 
to any other corporation of the Episcopal church in the 
city ; or to a chartered school ; without, however, divert- 
ing the church from the sacred uses, originally intended, 
or altering its character as a Free church. A reservation 
of a right of nomination to the rectorship, to the donors 
and their heirs (said heirs to be of the age of twenty-one 
years, and communicants in the P. E. church), was, sub- 
sequently by formal release, changed to a right to descend 
to their issue; and was limited to three nominations and 
required to be exercised within a year from the occur- 
rence of a vacancy. They also reserved the right to erect 
a free school on any part of the church lot. 

Arrangements were made for the consecration of the 
church in July, 1850; but the illness of Bishop Whitting- 
ham prevented its taking place at that time, although 
the clergy and people were assembled in the church.* 

^Opposition was made to the consecration of the church and a pro- 
test against the Bishop's proceeding was presented to him, signed by 
three clergymen of the city, one of whom some time after formally 
retracted bis part in it. The ground of the opposition was, the na- 
ture of the reservations to the donors, and their heirs, and it was 
alleged that the deed of conveyance had been altered from the form in 



Church of the Holy Innocents. 435 

The solemn services of consecration were performed on 
the 3d September, 1850, by Bishop Whittingham, of the 
Diocese of Maryland.* There were present and assist- 
ing in the services, the Rev. Dr. Potter,! rector of St. 
Peter's, Albany; the Rev. Dr. Wm. CroswellJ of Boston, 
the Rev. Dr. Williams of Connecticut, the Rev. Mr. 
Reed, rector of the parish, the Rev. Messrs. Geer, Arey, 
and Babcock. The request to consecrate was presented 
and read by the Rector, the Sentence of Consecration || was 

which it had been drawn up by Mr. J. C. Spencer, and assented to, 
as satisfactory, on the first opening of the church. The allegation 
was unfounded. The deed was made out in the office of J. V. L. 
Pruyn, Esq., and is a verbatim copy of the original draft made 
by Mr. J. C. Spencer, and admitted by him to contain nothing 
which could prevent the cocsecration. The Bishop received the 
protest-, but on a conference with the donors, the right of nomination 
to the rectorship was limited (as by the release above), when he de 
termined on proceeding. 

*The Bishop of Maryland was at that time performing Episcopal 
functions in the diocese of New Y>rk, at the request of the ecclesias- 
tical authority, during the disability of the Diocesan. 

t Provisional Bishop of New York, 1854. 

pied 1851. 

Assistant Bishop of Connecticut, 1851. 

|| In the Name of the Holy, Blessed and undivided Trinity, God the 
Father, Son and Holy Ghost. Amen. 

Whereas the Rector, Churchwardens and Vestrymen of the Cnurch 
of Holy Innocents in the city of Albany, have by an instrument this 
day presented to me appropriated and devoted a house of pu lie wor- 
ship erected by William Henry De Witt and Ann his wife, on the 
south east corner of North Pearl and Colonie streets, in the said city 
of Albany, to the worship and service of Almighty God, the Father, 
the Son and the Holy Ghost, according to the provisions of the 
Catholic Church of CHRIST, known as the Protestant Episcopal 
church in these United States of America, in its ministry, doctrines, 
liturgy, rites and usages, and by a congregation in communion with 
said church, and in union with tne convention thereof in the Diocese 
of New York. 

And whereas the same Rector, Churchwardens and Vestrymen, 
have, by the same instrument, requested me to receive the said build- 
ing in behalf of the Bishop of the Diocese of New York, under the 
spiritual jurisdiction of the said Bishop, and that of his successors in 
office, and to const-crate tbe same by the name of the Church of the 
Holy Innocents, and thereby separate it from all unhallowed, worldly 



436 Church of the Holy Innocents. 

read by the Rev. Dr. Williams. The Bishop proceeded 
with great solemnity, through the appointed prayers, 
after which the services of morning prayer and the 
Holy Communion were celebrated; the bishop preaching, 
and consecrating the Holy Eucharist. The first confirm- 

and common uses, and solemnly dedicate it to the holy purposes above 
mentioned. 

Now therefore, know all men by these presents, that I, William 
Rollinson Whittingham, Bishop of Maryland, and now administering 
Episcopal functions in the Diocese of New York, at the request of the 
Standing Committee of the said Diocese, acting under the protection 
of Almighty GOD, and in His faith and fear, have on this third day 
of September, being the Tuesday after the Fourteenth Sunday afer 
Trinity, in the year of our LORD one thousand eight hundred and 
fifty, in behalf of the Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal church in 
the Diocese of New York, and of his successors in office, accepted and 
do accept, the above mentioned house of worship, and take the same 
under the spiritual jurisdiction of the Bishop of New York aforesaid, 
and that of his successors in office, and in presence of divers of the 
clergy and a public congregation therein assembled, and according 
to the godly usage of the Catholic Church of CHRIST and the form 
prescribed by the Protestant Episcopal church in the United States of 
America, have consecrated the same by the name of the Church of 
the Holy Innocents. 

And I do hereby pronounce and declare that the said Church of the 
Holy Innocents, in the city of Albany, is consecrated accordingly, and 
thereby separated henceforth from all unhallowed, worldly and com- 
mon nse?, and dedicated to the worship and service of Almighty G<>D, 
the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, for reading and preaching 
His holy word, for celebrating His holy sacraments, for offering to 
His glorious majesty the sacrifices of prayer, praise and thanksgiving, 
for blessing His people in His name, and for the performance of all 
other holy offices and the administration of all holy ordinances agree- 
able to His will made known in the terms of the covenant of Grace 
and Salvation in our LORD and Saviour Jesus Christ, accorling to 
the usages of His holy Catholic and Apostolic church and the provi- 
sions of the Protestant Episcopal church in the United States of 
America, in its ministry, doctrines, liturgy, rites and usages. 

In t^simony whereof I have hereunto affixed my Episcopal seal 
and signature in the day and year above written, and in the tenth 
year of my consecration. 



(Signed) 
M ROL 



[L. S.] WILLIAM ROLLINSON WHITTINGHAM, 

Bishop of Maryland, 

administering Episcopal functions in the Diocese of New York at the 
request of the Standing Committee. 



Church of the Holy Innocents 437 

ation in the parish was held by him on this occasion, 
when he administered the Laying on of hands to sixteen 
persons.* 

The church was designed by Mr. Frank Wills, an archi- 
tect educated in England, and one of the most accom- 
plished men in his profession.! 

The following description of the edifice is taken from 
Mr. Wills' work on Architecture (Stanford & Swords, 
N. Y., 1850): 

" The Chancel is eighteen feet by twenty feet in the 
clear. The Nave fifty-eight feet by twenty-eight feet. 
In the Chancel are Altar, Sedilia, Credence, Bishop's 
Chair, Stalls, Altar-rails, and Lecturn. The Sacristy is 
on the south side, and the Pulpit in the S. E. angle of the 
Nave is entered from it through a doorway in the east 
wall of the Nave. The roofs are open, of pine, of the 
best quality: the carved ribs and purlins are all molded, 
the former resting on handsome corbels. The FontJ is 
of Caen stone, after the beautiful one of S. Mary's, Ox- 
ford, and is situated between the Porch and west door- 
ways. The Organ, of fine rich tone, manufactured by 
Mr. Jardine, is placed in a gallery at the west end. The 
seats, as well as all the chancel furniture and pulpit are 
of black walnut. 

" All the windows are filled with colored glass, with- 
out doubt the best imitation of old English art yet exe- 
cuted in this country. The east window is a rich mosaic 
pattern, with the Crucifixion and the symbols of the Four 
Evangelists within foliated and geometrical borders. The 
side windows of Chancel (and the four lancets in the west 
front) are taken from some remains of ancient glass in 
Salisbury Cathedral. Those of the Nave are of modified 

* There have been confirmed in this parish (Jan. 1859), 132 per- 
sons. 

t Mr. Wills was the architect of St. Ann's, Fredericton, and of a 
number of fine churches in the United States. His last work was 
the Cathedral of Montreal, which was scarcely begun when he died t 
at Montreal. 

J The Font was wrought in Exeter, England, for this Church. 



438 Church of the Holy Innocents. 

design. Mr. Bolton* is the artist who executed this 
work. In the north wall of chancel is a marble Tablet 
commemorating the Founder's children; their four names 
are inscribed each within a wreath of lilies of the valley, 
at the foot is a lamb sleeping, at the apex is a cross fleuri, 
the whole being encircled with a hood moulding.'* 

The Communion Plate consists of a Flagon, a Chalice, 
and Paten, all of silver, of appropriate design and hand- 
somely engraved and chased; the interior of the Chalice 
being richly gilt. These pieces were furnished by the 
Founder. At the Feast of Epiphany, 1859, a costly 
Alms Basin, of silver, gilt, was presented to the Parish. 
It bears the Offering of the Magi, engraved in the centre, 
and around the border the text, " For all things come of 
Thee, and of Thine Own have we given Thee." This 
was given by Mr. E. H. Clarke. 

A fine bell hangs in the bell gable. 

The Nave bears the Te Deum in illuminated letters, 
running around the walls. Over the chancel arch is the 
text, illuminated, ' Though I walk through the valley of 
the Shadow of Death, I will fear no evil; for Thou art 
with me, Thy rod and Thy staff they comfort me." 

The roof of the chancel has been beautifully painted 
and ornamented, with a blue ground, bearing stars in 
gold and white lilies. 

The following are the members of the Vestry in the 
year 1859: 

Wardens. Wm. H. De Witt, E. H. De Witt. 

Vestrymen. R. Server, J. Eathbun, J. H. Bowne, G. 
T. Bratt, T. Young, W. Mason, T. Becket, A. H. De 
Witt. 

John Gregory has been Sacristan of the church since 
1851. 

The Rector reports to the Bishop at the Diocesan Con- 
vention, Sep. 1858, as follows (Journal of Convention, 
Diocese of New York, 1858): 

Families, 125; Individuals, 500; Baptisms (for the 

*0f New Rochelle, NT. Y. 



Church of the Holy Innocents. 439 

year), adults 2, infants 34; confirmed, 24; marriages, 5; 
burials, 26; communicants, 144; Sunday School Teach- 
ers, 16; Sunday scholars, 160. 

The Parish has been sustained as a Free Church with- 
out pew rents, the Congregation supplying the support 
by voluntary Offerings, at the time of Divine Service. 
For all the tokens of His favour towards 
this Church of the Holy Innocents, 
Thanks be to GOD. 



(440) 



THIRD REF. PROT. DUTCH CHURCH. 



The third Dutch Church of Albany was organized on 
the 19th day of December, 1834, under an act of the 
legislature entitled " An act to provide for the incorpora- 
tion of religious societies." On the 3d of December, the 
Rev. Dr. Isaac Ferris received an appointment from the 
Classis of Albany, to organize a Dutch church, and 
in consequence of such appointment notice was given in 
the church edifice in Westerlo st.,* two successive Sab- 
baths, (according to the provisions of the constitution of 
the denomination) that all persons desirous of being or- 
ganized into a third Dutch church should produce the 
necessary dismissions from other churches. A number 
were received, and the individuals first assembled re- 
solved on the style of the "Third Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church in the City of Albany." Edmund S. Her- 
rick, William C. Miller, and Nathan Lyman were chosen 
the first elders of the church, and John Van Schaack 
and James C. Spencer, deacons. Application having 
been made, the new church was received under the care 
of the Classis of Albany, in January 1835. The Rev. 
Edwin Holmes, of Livingston, was now invited to be- 
come their pastor, and he commenced his labors on the 
26th of the same month. 

A suitable location in the southern part of the city 
was at once sought as a permanent site for a building. 
Through the liberality of the late Patroon, (Hon. Stephen 
Van Rensselaer), the land on which the present edifice 
stands was secured, upon certain conditions, and in the 
summer of 1835, the plans submitted by H. Rector, Ar- 
chitect, were adopted. The estimated cost of the build- 
ing was $15.000, and a subscription to secure that amount 
was circulated among the friends of the church. The 

* This edifice was destroyed by fire, April 24, 1848. 







THIRD REFORMED PROTESTANT DUTCH CHURCH. 
Rebuilt in 1842. 



Tfcrd Ref.Pr'* Dutch Church. 441 

corner stone of the new cl'iice was laid by Christian 
Miller/ on the 20th of April, 1837, on which occasion 
the Rev. Dr. Ferris delive. ed an add- ess. In spite of 
many and serious obstacles, the trustees pushed forward 
the work of building, and in the summe*-of the next year 
the church was formally dedicated. 

Mr. Holmes resigned his charge in October, 1840. 
Rev. Dr. Andrew Yates of Schenectady succeeded him 
as a temporary pastor. The debt of the church had be- 
come quite large, and the congregation discouraged. Dr. 
Yates labored with a most, devoted zeal to procure the 
extinguishment of the debt, but in the midst of his efforts, 
which were by no means unsuccessful, the church build- 
ing was destroyed by fire. This event took place on the 
28th of September, 1841, at noon. The difficulties 
against which they had contended, and now, the de- 
struction of the church property well nigh disheartened 
them, and had it not been for the counsels and prayers 
of Dr. Yates, the enterprise would in all probability have 
been abandoned. But as has been said of him he could 
not be discouraged. 

The former building having been insured, the claims 
against it were now paid up, and renewed efforts made 
for its reconstruction. These efforts were entirely suc- 
cessful, and in the course of the next summer the con- 
gregation took possession of their new church. 

About one month previous to the destruction of the 
church, the congregation had invited Rev. William H. 
Campbell, of Flatbush, to become their pastor. He ac- 
cepted the call, and was installed in the Second Dutch 
church on the 1st Sabbath in Nov. 1841. The sermon on 
that occasion was preached by Prof. McClelland. Under 
the guidance of divine providence, the ministrations of 
Dr. Campbell, both in spiritual and temporal affairs, were 
conducted in a manner which evinced satisfactorily that 
he bore most worthily the mantle of Dr. Yates. After 
a pastorate of about seven years he was compelled to 

* Gen. Van Rensselaer had been invited to perform this ceremony, 
but declined on account of the state of his health. 
[Annals, x.] 38 



442 Third Ref. Prof. Dutch Church. 

seek employment less laborious, and the position of Prin- 
cipal of the Albany Academy, as successor to Dr. Beck, 
having been tendered to him, he felt it his duty to accept 
it. On the 8th of September, 1848, his pastoral con- 
nection with the church was dissolved. 

Rev. Rutgers Van Brunt was invited to become pastor, 
Nov. 4, 1848, and he accepted the call. After a brief 
ministration he resigned, April 17, 1849. He was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. William W. Halloway, who was called 
on the 27th of June, and remained pastor until April 12, 
1853, when he accepted a flattering invitation to organize 
and maintain a Dutch Church in a new and flourishing 
part of Brooklyn. 

The Rev. Alex. Dickson succeeded Mr. Halloway on 
the 10th of October, 1853. He is the present pastor, 
highly esteemed and beloved. 

A device for a seal was adopted January 26, 1835, 
viz: An anchor surrounded with the words, Third R. P. 
D. Church, Albany. 

The following table will exhibit the growth of the 
Church since its organization: 

Names of those who have been admitted to the Member- 
ship of the Church. 

1834. Mrs. Daniel Curtis, 

Edmund S. Herrick, Nathan Lyman, 

Mrs. Edmund S. Herrick, Mrs. Heruan C. Whelpley, 

James C. Spencer, Angelica Van Derzee, 

Mrs. James C. Spencer, Mrs. J. F. Netterville, 

John Van Schaack, Joseph Curtis. 
Mrs. John Van Schaack, 
William C. Miller, 1835. 

Mrs. William C. Miller, ON CONFESSION. 

James F. Linacre, Mrs. Thomas Wilkinson, 

Mrs. James F. Linacre, John McCrossan, 

Harmanus Van Ingen, Mrs. John McCrossan, 
Mrs. Harmanus Van Ingen, Asa B. Nellegar, 

Daniel Curtis, Mrs. Asa B. Nellegar, 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



443 



Mrs. A. N. Cuyler, 
Mrs. 0. Eggleston, 
Mrs. E. Miner, 
Christina Van Derzee, 
Mrs. Thomas Linacre, 
Mary Parker. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

E. B. Colburn, 
Mrs. Mary Hoyt, 
J. T. Whitbeck, 
Mrs. J. T. Whitbeck, 
Samuel Steele, 
Mrs. Samuel Steele, 
Betsey Buttrick, 
Betsey Steele, 
Elvira Steele, 
Mrs. C. Holmes, 
Charles A. Keeler, 
Mrs. Charles A. Keeler, 
Ann Maria Spencer, 
Mrs. S. T. Thorn, 
Jacob Van Alstyne, 
Mrs. Wm. O'Brien, 
Horace Allen, 
Mrs. Horace Allen, 
Jane Pierson, 
Caroline Allen, 
Mrs. Hugh Boyd, 
Elizabeth D. Kenyon, 
Mrs. Abram Van Zandt, 
Mrs. Nathan Lyman. 
Mrs. F. P. Malburn, 
Mrs. P. Colburn, 
Lois Reed, 
P. P. Conine, 
Mrs. P P. Conine, 
Mrs. H. Smith, 
Mrs. G. W. Van Wie, 
A. T. McCaughry, 



Eytchy Cook, 
Mrs. A. Stewart. 
Mrs. H. Blake. 

1836. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Harriet L. Sickles, 
Mrs. Isaac Arnold, 
Robert Hillis, 
Samuel Paul, 
Mrs. F. fielding, 
Mrs. Geo. Pruyn. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

John Weaver, 
Mrs. John Weaver, 
Mrs. Jas. Robinson, 
Mrs. J. Waddle, 
Hannah Woodbury, 
Peter Van Ness, 
Mrs, Peter Van Ness, 
Cornelia C. Van Deusen, 
Mrs. Rich. Cooke, 
Mrs. H. Boothe. 

1837. 

Wm. Lansing, 
Mrs. Wm. Lansing, 
Catharine Staats. 
Mrs. Samuel Paul, 
Mrs. H. H. Hickcox, 
Miss L. M. Hickcox, 

Mrs. Warner. 

C. Freeman. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. Robt. Hillis, 
Julia Van Zandt, 
Catharine Boyd, 



444 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



Thomas Linacre, 

Mrs. J. Vanderhoff, 

Mrs. A. Fanning, 

Mrs. G. R. Van Zandt, 

Mrs. Alex. Finley, 

Mrs. C. J. Cuyler, 

Mrs. J. A. Vanderburgh, 

John G. Burdix, 

Mrs. John G. Burdix, 

Christina F. Miller, 

Mrs. Dan'l VanValkenburg. 

1838. 

C. P. Weaver, 
Mrs. A. Abel, 
Mrs. Dan'l Dobbs, 
Mrs. J. Bradt, 
Eunice Woodbury, 
Mrs. C. Marsh, 
Hannah Jackson. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Mrs. P. D. Burhans, 
Mary A. Beekman, 
Cornelia Beekman, 
Eliza Holt, 
David Holt, 
Mrs. David Holt, 
Mrs. Wm. Brown, 
E. Spencer, 
Mrs. E. Spencer, 
Fruton Pratt, 
Peter Van Buren, 
Mrs. Peter Van Buren, 
Mrs. E. Willett, 
Ann E. Willett, 
Joseph Curtis, 
Mrs. L. G. Hoffman, 
Peter Vallantine, 



Mrs. Peter Vallantine, 
Mrs. C. Van Buren, 
Mrs. James Taylor, 
Mary Brodhead. 

1839. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. F. Lay, 
John Strother, 
Mrs. John Strother, 
Julia E. Green, 
Ann Holt, 
Hannah S. Abbott, 
Harriet J. Steele, 
Mrs. R. P. Herrick. 
L. Davidson, 
Mrs. L. Davidson, 
Mary T. Wands, 
Caroline Pendleton. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

George Crook, 
Mrs. Geo. Crook, 
Mary Wilson, 
Charlotte Rowe, 
Elizabeth Boyd, 
J. W. Bulkley, 
Mrs. J. W. Bulkley, 
Emily Malory, 
Mrs. John Whitbeck, 
Robt. Hutchinson, 
Mrs. Robt. Hutchinson, 
Mrs. Jno. Gordon, 
Mrs. T. Irwin. 

1840. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Jane P. Allen, 
Mrs. Jer. Austin, 
Deborah Gardinier, 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



445 



Rebecca Conine, 
Mrs. F. Withers, 
Lansing Pendleton, 
Mrs. L. Pendleton, 
Marg't G. Vandenburg, 
Nancy Van Ness, 
Nancy Siver, 
E. S. Van Buren, 
Mrs. E. S. Van Buren, 
Mrs. Wm. Day, 
I. L. K. Miller, 
Mary G. Day, 
Mary E. Lay, 
Mrs. M. L. Rogers, 
W. A. Miller. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Silas Barton, 
Mrs. Silas Barton, 
Rachel McLusky, 
Caroline Woodbridge, 
Mrs. N. J. Vischer, 
Catharine A. Glen, 
John Gordon. 

1841. 

David Burhans, 
Mrs. D. Burhans, 
Sarah Van Zandt, 
Mrs. Maria Maybee, 
L. G. Burgess, 
Mrs. L. G. Burgess. 

1842. 

ON CONFESSION. 

S. W. Haley, 
Mrs. S. W. Haley, 
Mrs. C. B. W. Lansing, 
Mrs. George McKenzie, 



Ann Hickcox. 
Mrs. J. Gillespie, 
Mr. Sam'l Wright, 
Rosiller Haley. 
James Taylor, 
Mrs. S. Hutchins. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Wm. H. Scott, 
Mrs. W. H. Scott, 
Mrs. H. Brown, 
Mrs. A. E. Darrow, 
Mrs. G. Ackerman, 
Mrs. W. H. Campbell, 
Lydia Sherwood. 
Mrs. Jno. Burgess, 
Mrs. Jno. Albright, 
Mrs. A. McAllister, 
Mrs. E. Hubbard, 
Mrs. L. Dagget, 
Teressa Dagget, 
Mary Dagget, 
Mrs. Sarah Wells. 
S. A. Sherwood, 
Mrs. S. A. Sherwood, 
Chs. Bailie, 
Mrs. C. Bailee, 
Betty Ann Bailee. 

1843. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. W. R. Hills, 
Mrs. Jas. ftJeCormick, 
Mrs. A. Cooke, 
Mrs. J. V. Sternberg, 
Mrs. L. D. Abel, 
Lawson Ewing, 
Mrs. Lawson Ewing, 
Jeremiah Whitehead, 



446 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



Joseph S. Curtis, 
Mrs. S. J. Bushnell, 
Sophia Leverick, 
Ellen Schoonmaker, 
Theodore Keeler, 
Mrs. Theodore Keeler, 
Lucy Ann Hills, 
Lewis G. Hoffman, 
Mrs. G. Van Zandt, 
John Thompkins, 
Mrs. John Thompkins. 
Mrs. James Stewart, 
Margt. A. Robinson, 
Edwin Hubbard. 
Mrs. H. Durrie, 
Mrs. Wm. More. 
Mrs. L. Abbott, 
Mrs. Margt. Kenyon, 
John D. W. Wemple, 
C. J. Cuyler. 
Catharine Miller. 
Sam. Wright, 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Lambert -Norton, 
Mrs. L. Norton, 
Ann Smith, 
Jonas Whiting, 
Mrs. J. Whiting, 
Wm. Ingraham, 
Mrs. Wm. Ingraham, 
Susan Brooks, 
Catharine Lansing, 
Cornelia Lansing, 
Glen Van Rensselaer, 
Mrs. A. Starr, 
B. E. Hayden, 
Mrs. B. E. Hayden, 
W. McKnight, 



Mrs. W. McKnight, 
Mrs. S. Cone, 
Mrs. W. Cooper, 
C. P. Robinson, 
Gilbert Van Zandt, 
John 0. Dey, 
Mrs. John 0. Dey. 

Miss Ross. 

Mrs. P. Snyder, 
Mary A. Hatcher, 
Mrs J. Whitehead, 
James Lansing, 
Mrs. Jas. Lansing, 

1844. 

ON CERTIFICATE 

J. De Forest, 
Mrs. P. Ahern, 
Mrs. E. G. Cheesboro, 
John S. Whitehead, 
Mrs. J. S. Whitehead, 
Oliver Bow, 
Mrs. 0. Bow, 
Mrs. C. Smyth, 
Mrs. John McKnight. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Josiah Gellespie, 
Mary G. Courtney, 
Mary Yates, 
S. G. Mink, 
Mrs. S. G. Mink, 
Mrs. J. Mix, 
Mrs. H. Mitchell, 
David Smith. 

1845. 
Mrs. John Summers. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Dan. S. Durrie, 
Josiah Breakay. 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



447 



ON CERTIFICATE. 

A. Burr Aiken, 
Mrs. A. B. Aiken. 
Mrs. H. L. Hubbard, 
Clementina Don, 
John Arrowsmith, 
Mrs. J. Arrowsmith, 
Mrs. C. Lee. 

1846. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. J. Curtis, 
Sarah K. Miller. 

1847. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Helen M. Whipple, 
Mrs. J. Benton, 
Mrs. 0. Van Benthuysen, 
Wm. L. Strother. 
Miss E. B. Curtis, 
Mrs. A. Hamilton. 
Mrs. S. Wilson, 
Mrs. S. Hitchcook, 
Eliza Hutchinson. 

ON CERTIFICATE. - 

G. H. Cook, 
Mrs. G. H. Cook. 
Mrs. E. B. Colburn, 
Joseph Curtis. 
Wm. Egginton, 
Mrs. Wm. Egginton. 

1848. 

ON CONFESSION. 

E. W. Grosvener, 
Harriet Moore, 
James Dornet. 



ON CERTIFICATE. 

Lambert Norton, 
Mrs. L. Norton, 
Catharine Frost, 
Mrs. P. Nichols, 
Mrs. S. F. Romaine. 

1849. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Edw'd S. Willett, 
F. H. Griswold, 
Mrs. F. H. Griswold, 
Mrs. Jesse Elder. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Mrs. S. A. Aisdale, 
Mrs. R. R. Haswell, 
Miss E. McCuen, 
Miss Catalina Haswell. 

1850. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. T. Danay, 
Mrs. J. Kennedy, 
Wm. N. Staats, 
Hannah Staats, 
Mary E. Hills. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Charles Lee, 
Mrs. H. Wheeler, 
Mrs. W. A. Miller, 
Levi Relyea, 
Mrs. L. Relyea, 
Mary A. Whalen, 
Maria H. Moakley, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Valentine, 
Elizabeth A. Carrighan, 
Mrs. Hannah Thomas. 



448 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Chu rch. 



1851. 



ON CERTIFICATE. 

Jaines L. Babcock, 
Mrs. M. Halenbeck, 
Nancy Makenny, 
Elizabeth Harrington, 
Mis. M. Ostrander, 
Mrs. E. Ostrander, 
Miss Mary Ostrander, 
Mrs. C. Whitney, 
Mrs. C. S. Hickcox. 
H. B. Van Benthuysen, 
Mrs. H. B. Van Benthuysen, 
J. H. Zelie, 
Mrs. J. H. Zelie, 
Mrs. G. Van Rensselaer. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Sarah Huey. 

Mrs. J. I. Schoonmaker. 

P. H. Ostrander, 

Caroline Herrick, 

Jane Ann Abel, 

Eliza Lansing, 

Miss E, Kennedy, 

George Clay, 

Ernest J. Miller, 

John Strother, 

Mary C. V. Stuart, 

Mary Hickcox, 

Helen E. Hickcox, 

Mary C. Miller, 

Cornelia Van Rensselaer. 

1852. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Hugh Mitchell, 
C. S. Hickcox, 
Abraham Hoag, 



Susannah Irwin, 
Mrs. Mary Valentyne. 
Wm. R. Summers, 
Sarah M. Burgess, 
Mrs. S. Miller. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Elmira Bender. 
1853. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. W. H. Hughes, 
Emma I. Hughes, 
John S. Burgess. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Silas Barton, 
Mrs. S. Barton. 

1854. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Mrs. L. Burhans. 
Mrs. A. Dickson, 
Mrs. S. Wood. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mary E. Cook. 

1855. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Ellen Lansing, 
Antonette Lansing, 
Mrs. E. C. Crafts, 
Mrs. G. C. Greer, 
Mrs. Jeroloman, 
Mrs. Hannah, 
James Van Steenburg, 
John C. Valentine, 
Robt. Mitchell, 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



449 



Mrs. E. Bronk, 
Miss M. Ten Eyck, 
Mr. A. Van Quisling, 
Mrs. A. Van Quisling, 
Mrs. A. Wetmore. 
Wm. Frisbee, 

Catharine Van Rensselaer, 
Mary Abell. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Mrs. Classen, 
Mrs. F. N. Sill. 

1856. 

ON CONFESSION. 

Mrs. E. S. Willet, 
Ann E. Willet, 
Mrs. E. Satterlee, 
E. M. C. Craft, 
Mary Walker, 
Margt J. Willet. 
John H. Hickcox, 
Sarah Gardner, 
Louisa Taylor, 
Isabella Ewing, 
Esther Dickson. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

C. M. Horton, 
Mrs. C. M. Horton, 
Caroline Dunspaugh. 
James Walker. 

1857. 

ON CONFESSION. 

C. N. Warner, 
Mrs. C. N. Warner, 
A. Le Galley, 
Mrs. A. Le Galley, 



Wm H. Hughes, 
Ann E. Hughes, 
Jane E. Hughes, 
Martha J. Curtis, 
Fanny L. Curtis, 
Eliza G. McKnight, 
Elizabeth Mathews, 
Ann Cook, 
Jane Ewing, 
Robt. Homer, 
Mrs. T. S. Knight, 
Mrs. H. Mix. 
Mrs. F. W. Moffatt, 
Mrs. Jno. H. Hickcox, 
Lorana Curtis, 
Sarah K. Smith, 
Elizabeth W. Smith. 
Wm. T. Valentine, 
James Davidson, 
Mrs. J. Lansing, 
Sarah Erwin. 
George Hendric, 
Mary W. West, 
Mrs. W. Diamond. 

ON CERTIFICATE. 

Jno. Gardner, 
Mrs. J. Gardner, 
Henry Ousterhout, 
Mrs. H. Ousterhout, 
Mrs. M. A. Lockwood. 
Robt. Evans, 
Gardiner Hendric, 
Mrs. G. Hendric, 
Dan'l Thomson, 
Mrs. Dan'l Thomson. 
Mrs. J. Davidson, 
Mrs. W. T. Valentine. 



450 



1858. 



ON CONFESSION, 

J. L. Bouck, 
Mrs. J. L. Bouck, 
Mary A. Cooper, 
Martha Cooper, 
Wm. Diamond, 
Sam'l Kinney. 
J. W. Beebe, 
J. A. Van Buren, 
Mrs. J. Dickerman, 
Mrs. C. Crawford. 
Names of Elders and 

ELDERS. 

Edmund S. Herrick, 
William C. Miller, 
Nathan Lyman, 
Horace Allen, 
Cha. A Keeler, 

Van Alstyne, 

John Van Schaack, 
David Holt, 
Elijah Spenor, 
David Burhans, 
Daniel Curtis, 
Peter Van Buren, 
Jonas Whiting, 
John G. Burdix, 
S. G. Mink, 
Leonard G. Burgess, 
Jereh. Whitehead, 
John Strother, 
James Taylor, 
John Gardner. 

DEACONS. 

John Van Schaack, 
James C. Spencer, 
Daniel Curtis, 



Third Ref. Prot. Dutch Church. 



Wm. Gordon, 
Mrs. J. Edwards, 
Jane Cooke, 
Margaret Cooke. 



ON CERTIFICATE. 

Mrs. C. McAllister, 
Mrs. J. W. Burgess, 
Mrs. Sam'l Kinney, 
Mrs. E. A. Houghtaling. 
Mrs. J. W. Beebe. 
Mrs. E. J. Miller. 

Deacons since the organization of 
the Church. 

H. Van Ingen, 

Samuel Steele, 

Peter Van Buren, 

John G. Burdix, 

Thomas Linacre, 

S. W. Haley, 

James Taylor, 

Joseph Curtis, 

J. D. W. Wemple, 

John Ogden Dey, 

George H. Cook, 

S. G. Mink, 

Leonard G. Burgess, 

Jereh. Whitehead, 

Jereh. Hoyle, 

F. H. Griswold, 

Edwd. S. Willett, 

J. L. Babcock, 

J. H. Zealie, 

John Strother, 

Josiah Gillespie, 

Lawson Ewing, , 

John Gardner, 

Calvin N. Warner, 

John H. Hickcox. 



MEMOIR OF JOHN LOVETT. 



Mr. Lovett was a descendant of an English family which, immi- 
grated as early as 1640, and settled in a beautiful location in Connec- 
ticut, upon the Quinnebaug river, which disembogues into the Thames 
at New London. It originally formed a part of the town of Norwich, 
but when Lisbon was set off from that town, it was included in the 
latter. The property still remains in the possession of the descend- 
ants of the original owners, its ancient burial place filled with monu- 
ments whose inscriptions are so worn by time and the elements that 
the traditions of the place alone tell who are the occupants. Among 
them is seen the grave of a " Cadet of the house of Lovat," who 
after a clandestine marriage with a granddaughter of the Lord Sands 
who figures in Shakspeare'-s play of Henry VIII, fled to this country, 
where they found a resting place and a grave amongst those of their 
fellow Puritans. The wildest and most exciting engagements be- 
tween the Pequot and Mohegan tribes and the early settlers, took 
place in this vicinity. These may have fostered the military spirit 
for which this little settlement was afterwards noted. On the break- 
ing out of the Revolutionary war, the Rev. Andrew Lee gave notice 
from his pulpit, that early on the following morning a meeting was 
requested of every male member of his congregation, to pray for the 
success of their brethren in arms, and to organize a body of volun- 
teers from that parish. They enrolled themselves almost to a man, 
under Captain Lovett ; the pastor also went with them, and every 
female assisted in fitting them out. It was in the midst of this and 
other similar scenes that Mr. Lovett received his first impressions. 
Distinguished for precocity of mind, extraordinary memory, and the 
great progress he made in his studies, he was placed at Lebanon, 
then the most noted school in that region, to prepare himself to 
enter Yale College. In the latter institution he attracted the atten- 
tion of President Stiles by his uncommon attainments in the classics, 
as well as by his poetical efforts. At the weekly exercises in oratory, 
he uniformly recited compositions of his own, which being often 
humorous, received the applause of grave professors as well as the 
more youthful auditory. He was graduated in 1782 with distinction, 
and soon after came to Albany, whither he had been invited with 



Hon. John Lovett. 

the encouragement that an academical institution would be opened, 
at the head of which he would be placnd. He brought the highest 
recommendations from President Stiles, not only for attainments in 
knowledge, but also for excellence and purity of character, which 
gave him the confidence of the strangers among whom he was to 
cast his lot for life. Disappointed in the result of the efforts that 
were made for the establishment of a seminary of learning here, he 
commenced the study of the law in the office of Richard Sill, then 
one of the eminent lawyers of Albany, where he had the advantage 
of making the acquaintance of Gen. Schuyler, Gen. Hamilton, 
Abraham Van Vechten, Col. Troup, and Col. Burr, who was then at 
the zenith of his reputation. Here he also became acquainted with 
Col. Duer, the father of the two distinguished lawyers which have 
since borne his name. By his representations he was induced, soon 
after being admitted to practice, to proceed to Fort Miller, where the 
Colonel had made a very large purchase of land, and begun his settle- 
ment in a new country, where the surrounding woods reached the 
outskirts of his buildings, by erecting a mansion one hundred and 
forty-four feet long 1 The Lady Katy, as the courtesy of that day 
termed the eldest daughter of Lord Stirling, was residing there with 
her two little sons and their tutor, Mr. Lovett as general agent, and 
a land steward, who was to sell the land if any one wished to pur- 
chase the wolves howling in chorus around the very purlieus of the 
Italian piazzas. Here Mr. Lovett and his faithful negro man Juba, 
commenced professional life the latter much the most successful 
of the two, for his gun could supply the daily wants of the family 
without making drafts upon his master's father. To this peculiarly 
romantic residence, Mr. Lovett took his youthful wife from Con- 
necticut, a daughter of Gen. McClellan, and remained there several 
years, gaining the confidence and esteem of the people to such a 
degree as to lay the foundation of a very large and profitable busi- 
ness in his profession, after his removal to Lansingburgh. The 
story of the feudal grandeur which was commenced at Fort Miller 
is soon told. Col. Duer never went up there; Lady Katy and her 
two little sons returned to New York, and the only advantage 
resulting from this magnificent scheme was the habit of publio 
speaking which the young Duers acquired, by being placed upon 
the dinner table by their mother, every day, after the cloth was 
removed, and there taught to speak unabashed by the company that 
might be present. The establishment went to ruin, was torn down, 
and the material sold for a trifle ; and thus ended this as well as 
other similar and equally vain attempts to build up seigniories in 
this state like those of Canada. 

From Fort Miller Mr. Lovett removed to Lansingburgh, which, 
strange to say, attracted more attention half a century ago, than it 
has since. Here he enjoyed many years of peace, prosperity and 
happiness. In 1800 he was elected a member of Assembly from 



Hon. John Lovett. 

Rensselaer county. The profits of his professional life enabled him 
to purchase a number of beautiful farms on the Hudson river, and 
indulge that taste which was almost a passion with him, for agricul- 
tural pursuits. In 1807 he removed to Albany, where a large por- 
tion of his earliest friends welcomed him again. He took an active 
part in the exciting political controversies of the day, and his ready 
pen was brought into constant requisition, for the service of the 
federal party, to which, from youth, he had been most warmly 
attached. He continued the practice of the law, to which were 
added the duties of clerk of the common council, until the breaking 
out of the war in 1812. This measure, although so strongly opposed 
by his party, became the law of the land. Gen. Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer, his early friend, was appointed to the command of the 
troops destined for the defence of the north-western frontier, and 
at his earnest solicitation Mr. Lovett was induced to accompany him 
as military secretary. In answer to Mr. Lovett's doubt as to how 
he should succeed as a soldier, since he had never even trained as a 
militiaman in his life, the General replied, " It is not your sword, 
but your pen that I want." It was a fearful crisis in the life of the 
General, involving his reputation. One party boldly advocated an 
agrarian law, to divide these overgrown estates among the people, if 
their owners declined to come out at the call of their government and 
defend them. Mr. Lovett's personal attachment to the General was 
such that he did not hesitate to assume this new calling. The party 
of citizen soldiers marched to Canada, accompanied by many brave 
volunteers who were destined never to return. 

Before the dawn of that disastrous day of the battle of Queenstown, 
the General requested Mr. Lovett to take charge of a battery erected 
on the American side, which was to keep in check any body of the 
enemy that should appear on their own high and broken bank, and 
by a well directed fire to prevent them from firing down upon the 
American troops which were crossing the stream below to make the 
attack. He took his post with alacrity, but when the battle com- 
menced it was too dark to distinguish, without the greatest care, the 
American troops ascending the heights, from those of the enemy 
rushing to defend them ; and as Mr. Lovett placed his hand upon 
a heavily loaded cannon, and stooped to see that it was properly 
aimed, it was touched off, and the shock nearly deprived him of his 
hearing. He received an injury to his ears which was permanent, 
and beyond surgical aid. The history of this battle and its results 
are familiar to all. Gen. Van Rensselaer returned home, leaving 
Mr. Lovett in attendance upon his tried and attached friend, Gen. 
Solomon Van Rensselaer, who had been so severely wounded as to 
be incapable of removal. After a long and tedious convalescence, 
Mr. Lovett accompanied his companion home. The citizens of 
Albany turned out to meet them on horseback, and escorted them 
into the city with all the honors of a Roman triumph. 



Hon. John Lovett. 

Shortly after, Mr. Lovett was elected to a seat in the 13th Con- 
gress, where he renewed his old acquaintance with Gov. Meigs of 
Ohio, who, as United States surveyor, had become familiar with the 
best tracts of land offered about this time at public sale. Preeminent 
among them he regarded the reservation of the Twelve mile square, at 
the mouth of the Maumee, which was just surveyed, and had never 
before been offered for sale. It embraced the site of Fort Meigs, 
directly opposite Gen. Wayne's battle ground. Mr. Lovett pur- 
chased it, and commenced the settlement of Perrysburgh. In con- 
nection with Dr. Josephus B. Stewart, he built the first steam boat 
that navigated the waters of Lake Erie, named, in honor of the 
Indian chief, Walk-in-the -Water ; for many years a regular trader 
between Buffalo and the Rapids of the Maumee, now known as 
Perrysburgh. The development of the resources of this section of 
country has shown the correctness of Mr. Lovett's judgment in 
making the selection . A magnificent bridge now spans the Maumee 
river at Perrysburgh, over which must pass most of the travel by 
land from the north-east to the south-west part of the adjoining 
states. The Wabash and Indiana canal opens in front of the town, 
and regular steam boats run from Perrysburgh to Detroit every day. 
Most of those who planned these improvements have long since 
mingled their remains with the clods of the valley the fate of 
those who lead the way in all the openings of the settlements of our 
country, as well as others. Mr. Lovett withstood for a while the 
effects of a long protracted illness of lake fever, brought on by 
exposure, but sunk at last. The memory of his talents and virtues 
are still cherished by the friends who mourned his early removal 
from a large and devoted family. He died at Fort Meigs in August, 
1818, in the 53d year of his age. 



INDEX. 



Abbey, Dorephus, died, 286. 
Abbott, John, 307. 
Abolition paper, 282. 
Abeel, David, 131. 

Rev. David, 373. 

John, 258. 
Abel. Andrew, 153. 
Abell, Capt. L. D., 364. 
Ableman, S. V. R., 242, 329, 362. 
Academy, Albany, 186, 228. 

Female, 257. 
Ackerman's. 130. 
Ackerman, Gilbert, 231. 
Accordion player, 276, 361. 
Accounts allowed, 14, 16. 
Adair, Mrs. Hugh, 407. 
Adams, Amos, 242. 

Christopher, 350. 

John Q., 343. 

William, 255, 340, 349. 
JBolian attachment, 361. 
African meth. church, burnt, 359. 

school, 259. 

Agave Americana, 331, 332, 334. 
Aikin, William, 313. 
Aikman, James, 312. 
Alarms, candles to be set in case 

of, 122. 
Albany Argus, 274. 

Atlas, 337. 

(see burgesses corps.) 

city bank, 226. 

Daily Advertiser, 268, 273, 280, 
306, 312, 353, 362. 

Daily News, 227. 

Freeholder, 362. 

frigate, 344. 

Gazette, founder of, 227. 
discontinued, 362. 



Albany insurance company, 302, 

380, 381. 
library, 241. 
lyceum, 186. 
Morning Chronicle, 419. 
Morning Express, 406. 
nursery, 297. 
republican artillery, 299. 
Register, 206. 
steamboat, 296, 297. 
quick trip, 307. 
Transcript, 247. 
union guards, 299. 

when incorporated, 187. 
Alden, John, 363. 
Aldermen, 13, 17, 28, 38, 50 r 61, 
119, 133, 237, 242,244, 
269, 279, 292, 303, 313, 
327, 333, 340, 344, 361. 

1736, 72. 

1737, 81. 

1738, 85. 

1739, 89. 

1740, 92. 
1741,96. 

1742, 100. 

1743, 111. 

1744, 118. 

1745, 120. 

1746, 121. 

1747, 127. 

1748, 130. 

1749, 137. 

1750, 139. 
1751,143. 
1752, 150. 
1835, 242. 

1837, 269. 

1838, 279. 



452 



Index. 



Aldermen, 1839, 292. 

1840, 303. 

1841, 314. 

1842, 327. 

1843, 340. 

1844, 349. 

1845, 361. 

1846, 370. 

1847, 378. 

term extended, 231. 
Aliens in 1846, 375. 
Allanson, Pieter, 280. 
Allen, Benjamin, 260. 

Rev. Edward D., 289, 336, 

Horace, 263, 337, 381, 450, 

H. W., 378. 

Mrs. H. W., 350. 

John, 364. 

Otis, 310. 

Mrs. W. H., 425. 
Alms house bill of fare, 234. 

expenses, 249, 362. 

fire at, 319. 

meat, 329, 350. 

mortality at, 247. 

population, 88, 237, 252, 

276, 291. 

Alvarez's account of Albany, 
Alvord, William, 275. 
American Citizen, 406. 

industry meeting, 319. 

Lady, 286. 

Masonic Record, 304. 
Ames, Ezra, died, 254. 

Mrs. Ezra, 257. 
Amos, Ezra, 334. 
Amphitheatre, 311. 
Ancestral stock, 202. 
Anderson, Elias, 348. 

Mary, 349. 

Andriese, Barent, 60. 
Angus, Jacob, 370. 

John H., 277. 
Annals of 1858, 406. 
Annesley, Ann, 284. 

Mrs. Lawson, 260. 

Mary A., 260. 
Anti-rent disturbance, 358. 

paper, 362. 

resistance, 298. 
Anti-renters, 319. 
Apothecaries hall, 236. 



272, 
397. 



Appeals of court, 171. 
Apprentices' library, 23 J, 238, 311. 
Appropriations, 264. 
Arbor Hill burial ground, 323, 351, 
353, 360. 

methodist epis. church, 429. 
Architecture in 1788, 219. 

in 1800, 194, 195. 
Armington, Anthony R., 347. 
Arms, Guy, died, 246. 

N. L., died, 312. 
Armsby, Dr. James H., 280. 

Mrs. James H., 367. 
Armstrong, John, 63. 
Arnold, Dr. Stephen, 302. 

Mrs. Seth, 282. 
Arnott, Mrs. P. J., 362. 
Arrol, Mary, 239. 
Arsenal property, 412. 
Artcher, Edward, 243, 279, 361. 

George, 252. 

Mrs. John, 376. 

Michael, 242, 298, 314, 328, 

350, 362. 
Artillery, 358. 
Arts, Mrs. Michael, 428. 
Ashes, 385, 386. 
Ashley's ferry, 220. 
Aspinwall, Lewis, 225, 244. 
Assembly in 1746, 183. 
Assemblies, select, 197. 

city, 236. 
Assessments, 264, 275. 

of 1847, 376. 

of 1859, 430. 

for stockadoes, 117. 

petitioned for, 132. 

for war, 121, 122. 
Astin, Charles L., 316. 
Atkins, Benjamin, died, 305. 
Atlantic telegraph, 422, 423, 424. 
Ausbro, Mrs. Peter, 407. 
Auditor, office created, 274. 
Aurania, 173. 
Austin, Benjamin, 348. 

Mrs. Benjamin, 336. 

Charles L., 352. 

Eliza, died, 369. 

Henry, 429. 

Mrs. J. J., 345. 
Automaton accordion player, 276, 

361. 



Index. 



453 



Averill, Gen., 299. 
Babenton, Samuel, 20. 
Babington's house, 40. 
Bacon, John P.. 305. 

Mrs. M.. 294. 
Bailey, II. H., 362. 

Mrs. Nelson, 419. 

Wm. H., 429. 
Bain, Nancy, died, 291. 

PetT, died, 235. 
Baker, Mrs. Elizabeth, 381. 

Ellis, 310. 

James, 416. 

Capt. John C., jr., 274. 
Bakers, meeting of, 240. 

prices regulated, 98. 
Baldwin, AlvinF., 308. 

Ebenezer, 267. 
Ball, Mrs. Jeremiah M., 284. 

Mary, died, 343. 

Mrs. Stephen, 343. 
Ballentine, S., 227. 
Ballou, Rev. Hosea, 230. 
Bancroft, T. P., 292. 

Henry A., 313. 
Bank of Albany, 279, 304. 
Banks in 1825 186. 

suspended, 270. 
Banker, Mrs. Judith, died, 304. 
Bankrupt law, 318. 
Bantham, John, 420. 
Banyar, Goldsb. 146, 148. 
Bare-lav, Rev. Henry, 93. 

Rev. T., 91. 
Barentsen, Frans, 60. 
Barhydt. alderman, 428. 
Barker, Mrs. Charles, 315. 

Mrs. William H., 328. 

Thos. N., 300. 
Barley, 399. 
Barnard, Caroline E., 254. 



Bartow, Henry, defaulter, 247. 
Basin bulk head, 243. 

a nuisance, 238. 

indicted as a nuisance, 225. 

improvements, 285. 
Bastianelli, Mrs. Titns,323. 
Bass lane, name changed, 315. 
Bassett, Daniel B., 378. 

John, 161. 

Michael, 90, 114, 118, 135. 

N. B., 357. 

Batchelor, Galen, 342. 
Bates, Mrs. William, 360. 
Battel, Mellen, 420. 

Mrs. Mellen, 375. 
Batterman, Chris., 345. 
Battle in State street, 209. 
Bay, John W., 233, 242, 262, 264, 
269,279,295. 

Mrs.-J. W., 267. 

Dr. William, 377. 
Bayeux, Capt. Thomas, 299, 340. 

351,427,428. 
Beals, Jerome, 324. 
Beardsley, Leonard, 379. 
Beatty, Mrs Alexander H., 309." 
Beaver creek, 20, 21, 86. 
Beaver kill, 12, 15, 39, 167. 

in 1834, 225. 
Beaver skins, value of, 170. 

not to be sold at Boston, 171. 
Beck, Lewis C., 248. 

T. R., 163, 377. 
Becker, David, 130. 

Johannis, jr., 151. 

Lewis, 371. 

William A., 260. 
Becket, Thomas, 431, 438. 
Bedell, Mrs. Richard, 290. 
Beebe, Mrs. Asaph, 362. 
Beebe's shop burnt, 283. 



ItlMl, VXU W11J1C7 J - J *J 'fc'vT. ||i i-i/i- .-> .- 1 1 ' ' [ > I'Ulillj - ^ J. 

Daniel D., 233, 274, 281, 285, Beekman, Johannis. 55, 64. 
295, 334, 355. Hester, 104. 

Mrs. F. S., 296. Hendrick J., 119. 

P. J.. 255. 
Barney, Dr. Jarvis, 277. 

William, 279. 
Barracks burned, 154. 
Barrett. Joseph, 289. 

Robert, 96. 
Bartlett. Levi, 285. 
Barry, John D., 304. 

39 



. 

James, 268. 
Johannis, 79. 
Johannes J., 13, 17, 85. 
John, 151. 
John, jr., 86, 130, 137, 139, 

JohnM., 137. 
John, S., 359. 



454 



Index. 



Beekman, Peter, 168. 

Peter D., 239. 

widow, 64. 

Beef, price of, 329, 350. 
Beer, 386. 

price of, 108. 
Beetham, John, 420. 
Belknap, Zebina, 280, 292, 304, 

370. 
BeU, Ann, 425. 

Mrs. Gerrit W., 356. 

John, 77, 98, 108, 119. 

Mrs. John W., 376. 

Joseph S., 372. 
Bell of North Dutch church, 284. 

2d Dutch church, 226. 
to be rung, 244. 

3d Dutch church, 302. 

2d presbyterian, 363. 

3d presbyterian, 284. 

placed in jail, 293. 
Bellmen, 31, 93,94. 

salary, 14, 18. 
Bell ringer, 18, 141, 259. 
Bells, hour for ringing changed, 

358. 

Bellows, Roswell, 347. 
Bement, Mrs. Caleb N., 263. 

William, died, 310. 
Bendall, Mrs. Job, 368. 
Bender, C. W., 269, 279, 292, 314, 

324, 341. 

W. M., 276. 
Benedict, Lewis, 294, 310, 390. 

Lewis, jr., 362. 

& Roby, 253. 

Spencer S., 253, 303. 
Benjamin, Mrs. Caleb, 379. 
Benne, Maria E., 321. 
Bennett, George T., 342. 

Mrs. E. B., 380. 

John H. , 428. 

Robert B., 275. 
Benneway, Peter, 104, 128. 
Benseu, David, 279. 

Mrs. David, 370. 
Benson, Capt. James, 366. 
Berger, Andrew, 317. 
Berthelon, Mrs. D., 344. 
Berry, Capt., 299. 

John, 326. 
Beth Jacob, 315, 316. 



Bethel, 300, 317, 341. 

Union Society, 255. 
Betts, Jane, 353. 

Richard D., 242. 
Bever kill (see Beaver kill). 
Beverwyck, 173. 
Bicknell, Mrs. B., 337. 
Bilbroock, Capt. Joseph, 407. 
Bills of credit, city, 270. 
Bishop Otis, died, 339. 

Mrs. William, 359. 
Bissell, William, 313. 
Blackall, Mrs. Robert, 330. 

William, 302. 
Blackmail's bash, 420. 
Blacksmith shop, 129. 
Blake, Isaac M., 285. 

Robert, 409. 
Blakeman, Mrs. E., 353. 

Martha J., 336. 
Blanchard, Mrs. Anthony, 278. 

Hamilton, 424. 

J. W.,428. 
Blank, Thomas, 314. 
Bleecker, Anthony, 145, 157. 

Barent, 155, 304. 

Charlotte, 431. 

George, M., 233. 

Harmanus, 218, 233, 262, 264, 
285, 308, 390. 

Hendrick, 112, 143. 

Henry, 264, 275. 

G. V. S., 233, 242, 265, 269, 
279, 292, 303, 314, 315, 327, 
340, 349, 361. 

Jacob, 151. 

Mrs. James, 267. 

Jan Janse, 49. 

Johannes, 79. 

John Rutse, 139. 

John R., 100, 111, 121, 122, 
130, 136, 137, 141, 143, 151, 
279. 

Mrs. John, 313. 

Mrs. J. V. S., 347. 

Nicholas, 15, 112, 347. 

Nicolaes, jr., 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 
96, 111, 118, 120. 

Rutger, 15, 24, 112, 113. 

Street (so called), 315. 

William E., 254, 300, 301, 421. 
Bliss, Mrs. Eleazar, 284. 



Index. 



455 



Blockhouse, 11, 43, 98, 114, 122, 

144. 
Bloodgood, Abraham, 156. 

Francis, 156, 251 , 294, 301, 390. 

Major, 299. 

S. D. W., 241, 242, 246, 257, 

266, 273, 302. 
Bloomendall, Jacob, 160. 
Bloomingdal, Nancy, 343. 
Bloomingdale, Margaret, 377. 
Blunt, Martin, 376. 
Blunt's building, 328, 345. 
Boards, 385, 386. 
Boardtnan, Charles, 380. 

C. H., 355. 

John, 242, 301. 

Mrs. John, 341. 

William, 241, 303. 
Board of trade, 318, 319. 
Boats arrived, 385. 
Bogaert Cornelius, 109. 

Isaac, 94. 

Isaac H., 320. 

Mrs. Isaac H., 362. 

John, 97. 

Peter, 116. 
Bogardus, Anthony, 16. 

Jacob, 81. 

Jacob S., 122. 

Harme, 81. 

Peter S., 72. 

Schieboleth, 55, 79, 108, 118. 

DavidS., 161. 
Bogart, Christiana, died, 269. 

Grandin A., 273. 
Boghaert, Abram, 74. 

Abram, jr., 121. 

Cornelis, 128. 

Isaac, 72, 81, 185. 

Jacob, 49, 83, 89. 

Jacob, jr., 90. 

Peter, jr., 127. 
Bolter's ticket, 350. 
Bonner, John, 294. 

Mrs C.,307. 
Bonaparte, Jerome, 211. 
Bonfires, attempt to suppress, 230. 
Booth, Silas, died, 267. 

Zuchariah, 298. 
Border, state of, in 1745, 183. 
Born, James, died, 318. 
Borne, Alonzo, 278. 



Bortle, Richard, 340. 
'Boston ferry, 354. 

rail road, 252. 
(See West Stockbridge.) 
Bosworth, Edwin M., 235. 
i Bounds, Cornelius J., 376. 
Bough ton, James, 94. 
Bo wen, ThomaSj 421. 
Bowie, Robert, died, 287. 
Bowne., John, 407. 

John H., 433, 438. 
Boyd Brothers, 200. 

C., 378. 

Catalina, 380. 

D. I., 272. 

Hugh, 330. 

Mrs. Hugh, 304. 

James, died, 289. 

Mrs. James, 284. 

Mrs. James P., 348. 

Mrs. Margaret, 267. 

Peter, died, 371. 

R. & Co., 373. 

Samuel, 428. 

Mrs. Samuel, 348. 

William, died, 303. 

William S., 308. 
Bradford, Mary E., 379. 

Stephen L., 304. 

Rev. John, 207. 
Bradt, Adam P., 346. 

Barent, 9, 10, 11, 13, 28, 32, 38, 
45, 47, 50, 61, 72, 81, 82, 86, 
86, 90, 92. 

Daniel, 380. 

Dirck, 351,360. 
Bradwell, Mrs. S., 381. 
Braham, singer, 325. 
Brainerd, Benjamin C., 418. 

Elijah, died, 306. 
Brammall, James, 321. 
Brakell, Gyslwrt, jr., 43. 
Brandon, William, died, 316. 
Bratt, Adrien, 86. 

Andries, 18,31,44,61,65,68, 
72,74,79,85,89, 91,92,94, 
95, 96, 97, 100, 104, 108, 109, 
112, 114, 115. 

Anthony, 47, 81, 117, 118. 

Anthony A., 120. 

Arent, 84. 

Benjamin, 49, 126, 129. 



456 



Index. 



Bratt, Barnardus, 76, 99, 102, 110, 
116, 121, 122, 127, 143. 

Egbert, 121, 127. 

Garrit, 27, 61. 

G. T., 438. 

John, 85. 

J., 329. 

Jochim, 42, 44. 

Mary, 59. 

Maria, 84. 

Peter V., 353. 

Tennis, 140. 

Braun, Anthony T., 161. 
Bray ton, Mary, 328. 
Bread, law for marking, 34. 

price raised, 240. . 

price, &c., 98. 

reform, 270. 

Breakey, Mrs. Isaiah, 339. 
Breeman, Thomas, 289. 
Breweries, 399. 
Brewers street market, 62. 
Brewster, Mrs. Jane, 341. 
Brewery burnt, Boyd's, 373. 
Briare, Andrew B., 407. 

Mrs. Joseph, 285. 

Mrs. Joseph?., 409. 
Brick in 1661, 170. 
Brick buildings, 328. 

kilns, 34/67. 
Bricks, statistics of, 398. 
Brick store, first on dock, 372. 
Bridges, 167. 
Bridge over Rutten kill, 129. 

State street fell, 306. 

repairs. 68, 91. 

over Hudson. 237, 253, 254, 
311,313. 

in Yonker street, 79. 
Bridgeford, William, 298. 
Bries, Hend., 11,72, 81. 
Brigs in 1838, 276, 287. 
Briggs, Mrs. R. B., 380. 
Brinkerhoff, Mrs. A., 317. 

Edward, 264, 314, 327. 

G.,242. 

George, 236. 

Jacob, 294. 

John, 363. 

Teunis, 345. 

Broadway, street named, 306. 
Brockway, Mrs. Henry, 374. 



Brockway, Mrs. Joshua, 353. 
Bromlev, Hiram, 361, 379. 

Mrs. H., 324. 

Mrs. Robert, 319. 

William, 99, 110. 

Rev. Robert, 233. 
Brooks, James G., died, 311. 

Mrs. J. H., 379. 

Jonathan, 15, 31, 34, 44. 

Jonathan, 425. 

Mrs. Peter, 342. 
Brossett, Michael, 338. 
Brower, John, 254. 

John, 355. 

Peter, 52, 115, 119, 135. 

Mrs. N., 323. 

Mrs. William, 366. 
Brown, Aaron, 342. 

Mrs. Aaron, 252. 

Adelia, died, 288. 

A. E., 269, 327. 

Capt., 299. 

Caroline, 278. 

Mrs. Dorothy, 366. 

Edward, died, 372. 

Edward, 346. 

E. & S , 372. 

Elizabeth, died, 286. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 284. 

Elias A., 235. 

James, 246. 

Lucy, 369. 

Peter, 276. 

Robert, 274. 

Rufus, died, 320. 

Mrs. Sally, 348. 

Mrs. T. J., 412. 

Mrs. W., 371. 

Mrs. William, 288. 

Mrs. William, 232. 
Bruce, Augustus, 329. 
Bryan, David, 425. 

Francis, died, 263. 

Francis, 313, 327. 
Buckbee, Mrs. H. H., 294. 

John, 433. 

Mrs. John, 369. 
Buckingham, J. S., 282. 
Buckley, Horace W., 323. 
Buckliii, Jolin, 333, 340. 
Buckly, Russell, 376. 
Buckwheat, 399. 



Index. 



457 



Buel, Jesse, 390, died, 297. 

Mrs. Jesse, 376. 

Jesse, jr., 292. 
Buildings In 1800, 194. 

erected in 1842, 328. 
Bulger, Richard, 407. 

Thomas, died, 381. 
Bullock & Many, 420. 
Bunker, Capt. E. S., 381. 

Mrs. E. S., 304. 
Burbank, Abraham, 278. 
Burden's steam boat, 273. 
Burdick, Mrs. Edmund, 420. 

Jonathan, 371. [406. 

Burgesses corps, 226, 228, 299,^58, 

first anniversary, 231. 

jubilee, 427. 

Burgoyne in Albany, 414. 
Burlians, David, 327. 
Burial ground, ancient, 154. 

on Arborhill, 351, 353. 

fifth ward. 277. 

Beth Jacob, 315. 

Dutch, 39. 

place, 65. 

Burly, Mrs. John, 319. 
Burnes, George, 128. 
Burnop, Philip, 369. 
Burnet, governor, 181. 
Burrow, John L., 229. 
Burt, Uri, 370, 378. 
Burton, Mrs. Cath., 359. 

Isaac, 344. 

John, 27. [328. 

John L, 242, 269, 279, 292, 

Josiah, 310. 
Bush, Walter R., 265. 
Business men, 200. 
Buswell, Belinda, 236. 
Butler, Edmund, 153. 
Butter, price of, 356. 
Cabs introduced, 315. 
Caddey, Michael, 422. 
Cady, J. D., 378. 
Cagger, Alice, died, 340. 

Michael, 259. 

Peter, 292, 303. 
Cahohatatea, 173, 188. 
Caldwell. James, 412, 413. 

William, 217. 

medal. 228. 
Calhoun, John, 421. 



California, volunteers for, 372. 
Cameron, Alexander, 303. 

Mary, 241. 

Susan, died, 257. 
Campbell, A. D., 295. 

Duncan, 228. 

D., 259. 

Elizabeth B., 320. 

James, 153. 

John, 157. 

John, 369. 

John, 375. 

Mrs. John, 411. 

Rev. Mr., 330. 

Rev. J. N., 232, 236, 245, 246. 

Mrs. Magdalen, 407. 

William, 278. 

Rev. W. H.,441. 
Canada, embassy to, 223. 

invasion, 182. 

Canadian flag of truce, 130. 
Canals, 187. 
Canal bank, 240, 338, 343. 

basin, (see basin). 

closed, 367. 

street, 312. 

to Schenectady, 253. 

tolls, 387. 

trade, 385, 386. 
Candles, price of, 129. 

quantity sold, 399. 
Cane, Mrs. Dennis, 270. 
Canoll, John H., 352, 364. 
Cannons, where placed, 122. 
Can tine, Moses, 261. 
Cape Breton, news of taking, 119. 
Capitol, 187. 

street, name changed, 306. 
Capron, Clarissa, 369. 

Elizabeth, 415. 

Mary, 378. 

W. N.. 244. 
Carbines, Francis, 153. 
Carey, Samuel, 359. 

Josiah W., 330. 

Henry, died, 322. 
Carindus, John, 143. 
Carlan, Manus, 8S. 
j Carmen's prices, 142. 
Carmen and porters, 77. 
Carmichat'l, James, 315. 

John, 285. 



458 



Index. 



Carmichael, Peter, 252, 340, 349. 
Carpenter, GK W., 228, 330. 
Henry, 230. 
Mrs. J. T., 327. 
Nathaniel, 295. 
William, died, 235. 
Carr, Ellen W. died, 286. 

Mrs. S. T., 286. 
Carroll, Cornelius, 412. 
A., 304. 

Mrs. Thomas, 261. 
Carriages and wagons, 399. 
Carson, Elizabeth, died, 286. 

John, 349. 

widow of John, 286. 

Robert, died, 324. 

T., 328. 

Thomas, 279. 
Carter, Mrs. George T., 368. 

Mrs. Loammi, 231. 

Mrs. Mary, 258. 

Theophilus, 238. 
Cary, D. H., 314. 
Cassidy, Henry, 292. 

John, 420. 

Mary, 307. 

Patrick, 245. 

William, 338. 
Cathedral robbed, 417. 
Catholic church collections, 376. 
Catskill, 185. 
Cattle, mortality of, 170. 
Celeste, Madame, 244. 
Cemetery, project of, 310. 

consecrated, 355. 
Census 1820, 385. 

1830, 248, 385. 

1835, 248, 249, 309. 

1835 to 1845, 365. 

1840, 309, 398. 

1846, 375. 
Centre market, 365. 

burnt, 290. 
Center, Rev. S., 236. 
Century plant, 331, 332, 334. 
Cereal grain, 399. 
Cider, 386. 
Circus controversy, 272. 

traveling, 417. 
City accounts called in, 28, 30, 31. 

Bank, 226. 

encroachment, 272. 



City bounds surveyed, 141. 
Coffee House, 257. 
debts, 13, 303, 316, 330. 
documents, 153. 
expenses, 279. 
favorably situated, 222. 
finances, 330, 341, 350. 
founded, 187. 
Hall, petition for, 84. 
lit with gas, 375. 
old, burnt, 257. 
Hotel, 226. 
incorporated, 187. 
records, 9. 

translation of, 245. 
salaries, 356. 
Chad wick, Abigail, 245. 
Calvert, 308. 
William, 300. 
Chambers, Ivie, 153. 

William, 340, 349. 
Champion, steam boat, 229. 
^hamplain, steamboat, 247. 
ri hapin, Erastus, 242. 
Timothy, jr., 323. 
Chapman, Charles, 248, 280, 304, 

314, 319, 327, 333, 370. 
Charles L., 273. 
Charles P., 369. 
Mrs. C. C. P., 336. 
Jane, 285. 
Levi, 255. 
Mrs. Levi, 374. 
Levi S., 316. 
Chamberlain, 13, 32,38, 61, 72, 81, 
86, 92, 96, 100,111, 120, 121, 
127, 131, 138, 140, 144, 225, 
247, 262, 266, 273, 289, 291, 
303, 316, 323, 324, 327, 333, 

/harles Wack, steam boat, 421. 

"barter quit rent, 94. 

hatfleld, Mrs. William, 295. 
iChestney, James. 380. 
Cheever, Samuel, 314. 
Chief engineer fin departm't, 338. 
Child, Edmund B., died, 304. 
Chimney inspectors, 127. 
Chimney sweep sold, 156. 
Cholera abated, 230. 
in 1834, 229. 
relief funds, 240. 



Index. 



459 



China voyages, 372. 
Christian, David, 377. 
Christian names, 170. 
Christianse, H., 170, 172. 

Jan. 71. 

Johannes, 69. 
Christie, Ann, 267. 

George, 325. 

Mrs. James, 318. 

Church at Schaghticoke, donation 
to, 94. 

pound, 87. 

street, widening, 269. 

yards, 164. 
Churches, donation to, 94. 

number of, 353. 

in 1825, 186. 

Churchill, Mrs. R. E., 429. 
Clapp, Ruel, 263, 290. 

R. S., 333. 
Clark, Adrian D., 374. 

Asahel. 250. 

Daniel P., 370, 408. 

John A., 327. 

Mrs. Humphrey, 379. 

James T., 365. 

Joseph, 286. 

Mrs. Josiah, 285. 

Mrs. J. S.,331. 

William, 367. 

Walter, 32-2, 216. 
Clarke, Capt. Edward, 87. 

E. H., 433, 438. 

George, 66. 
Claverack named, 171. 

settled, 181. 
Clay, Henry, 295, 356. 
Clemens, George, 378. 
Clench, Benj. V., 258. 

Elizabeth, 305. 
Clergy, 207. 
Clergymen, list of, 236. 
Clerk of courts, 120. 

common council, 14, 139, 266. 

of market, 17. (See mayor.) 
Clermont steam boat, 430. 
Clinton, George, 112, 205. 

De Witt, 211,352. 

remains removed, 352. 
Clinton square, 232. 

avenue fire, 421. 

furnace burnt, 244. 
Cloet, Johannes, 62. 



Cluett, John I., 267. 

John jr., 143, 144. 

John W., 3 14, 362. 
Clute, Jacob N., 323. 

Mrs. J. N., 316. 
Coarse grain. 383, 386. 
Coasting trade, 389. 
Coates, Mrs. Charles, 317. 
Cobb, Catalina G., 295. 

Elijah, 361, 370. 

Sanford, 273, 323. 

William S., 240. 
Cogswell, D. M. F., 287. 

Smith, 348. 
Cohoes Falls, 221. 
Colbura, Adolphus, 292, 314. 

Mrs. Elias, 329. 
Cold, 235, 254, 287, 324, 336, 347, 

406, 407. 

Golden, John, 139. 
Cole, Isaac P., 284. 

F. W., 317, 365. 

John 0., 228, 281, 427. 

M. M., 296. 

Philo K., 367. 

Coleman, Obed M., 276, 361. 
Coley, Philander, 350, 362. 
Collins, Alfred H., 284. 

Capt., 66. 

Edward, 11, 14. 

Major, 125, 126, 182. 
Colon ie a separate district, "60. 

annexed to Albany, 361. 

burial ground, 351,353. 

street opened, 276. 

fire, 428. 

Colored population, 1846, 375. 
Colt. Judah, 305. 
Colv'in, A. J., 329. 

Mrs. Andrew, 338. 

David V. P., 350. 

James, 371. 

Columbia steam boat, 369. 
Combe, George, 300. 
I Comet of 1858, 427. 
Commerce, 400. 

of 1838, 275, 287. 

Commercial Bank defalcation, 247. 
Commission houses, 400. 
Commons. 21, 24. 
Common Council, fines, 42. 

minutes, 428. 
Company B., 406. 



460 



Index. 



Comptroller of treasury, 273. 
Comstock, Isaac N., 273, 341. 

Mrs. I. N., 331. 
Conspiracy of the nobles, 197. 
Condon, R. M.,411. 
Confectionery statistics, 399. 
Conger, McJvhmey, 411. 
Congress at Albany, 181. 

Hall, 282. 

Congregational church, 167, 417. 
Conine, Mrs. Philip, 240. 
Conklin, Charles, 327. 
Conkling, Mrs. Albert, 338. 
Alfred, 254. 
Aurelian, 238. 

Connecticut Coffee House, 251. 
Connor, Lawrence, 261. 
Constables, 17, 38, 61, 62, 72, 81, 
85, 89, 92, 95, 96, 100, 111, 
118, 119, 120, 121, 127, 130, 
131, 137, 139, 143, 144, 150, 
151. 

duties, 41. 

number increased, 95; 

ordinance, 80. 

watch, 26, 28. 

Consistory of Dutch church, 364. 
Constitutional convention, 371 , 373 
Convent bells, 277, 283. 
Corbit, Waldo, 292, 315. 
Corlaer's lake, 37. 
Cornell, Levi, 242, 406. 

Nathan, 424. 
Cook, Mrs. Anna, 351. 

Henry, 153. 

Mrs. H. B., 297. 

Nathaniel, 324. 

William, 226. 
Cooke, Edward H., 308. 

John, 378. 

Mrs. Moses, 311. 
Cooper, Benjamin, 331. 

Jacob, 130. 

John Tayler, 289. 

Mrs. J. T., 411. 

Obadiah, 50, 128. 

Mrs. Obadiah, 274. 



Corporation deal in slaves, 156, 157 
Cortney, John, 114. 
Cosby,' William, 29. 

Governor at Albany, 36. 
Cotter, Oliver, 371. 
Cotton, Charles, 307. 
Coughtry, Mrs. burnt, 339. 

Mrs. James A., 409. 

Mrs. Joseph, 371. 

W. W., 302. 
Coulson, Thomas, 362. 

W. R., 317. 
County boundaries, 185. 

clerk, 275. 

erected, 185. 

devastated, 182, 183. 

medical society, 429. 
Court-house, petition for, 78. 
Courtney, Joel, 421. 

John, 88. 

Mrs. Bridget, 234. 

Samuel GK, 364. 
Courtright, Mrs. E. M., 301. 
Covell, Alansons, L., 273. 

Benjamin, died, 309. 
Covert, Abraham, 342. 

Mrs. Abram, 431. 

Julia A., 379. 

N. O., 278. 

W. C., 355. 
Cows maimed, 140. 
Cox, Peter, 407. 
Coyne, Mrs. Catharine, 309. 
Cramond, Simon, 332. 
Crandall, William, 299. 
Crane, H. H., died, 271, 285. 

Ruth, 282. 
Crannel, William W., 337, 380. 

Mrs. Wynant, 316. 
Crawford, Mrs. George, 359. 
Crapo, Mrs. Seth, 253. 
Creer, Mrs. Hannah, 366. 
Crocker, Mrs. James C., 359. 
Crook, Mrs. T. P., 245. 
Crops of 1840, 399. 
Crosby, Dr. 0., 282. 
Cross, William H., 408. 



Corning, Erastus, 226, 237, 250,|Croswell, Edwin, 281. 

253, 255, 266, 269, 277, 281,1 Sherman, died 1859. 

292, 302, 303, 319, 321, 333,!Croton celebration, 333. 

390. I Crown point, 37. 

E. & Co., 376. jCrutteiiden, L. 271, 282, 392. 

Coroner (see mayor). 



Index. 



461 



102. 
79, 



Gumming, Alexander, 306, 366. 

James, 263. 

Margery, 272. 

Mary, 246. 

William, 378. 
Cummings, Phebe, 407. 
Cumpston, Edward, 163. 
Cunningham, Mrs. Matilda, 366. 
Cure, Mrs. Peter, 336. 
Cureton, Mrs. Anna, 342. 
Cushman, John W., 230. 

R. S., 301, 364. 

Thomas H., 305, 322. 

William McC., 341. 
Customs. 192. 
Cutter, John, 308. 
Cuyler, Abraham, 16, 26, 115. 

Mrs. Abraham, 325. 

Cornelis, 38, 60, 54, 61. [ 

Cornelius, 9, 13, 14, 17, 28, 

Frederick, 267. 

Hendrick, 96, 100, 109. 

Henry, 44. 

Isaac S., 262. 

Jacob C., 364. 

John, 11,92, 

John, 235, 265. 

Mrs. John, 372. 

Johannis, 12, 48, 64. 

Johannis, Jr., 85, 89. 

Johannis A., 29. 

Niclaes, 114. 

Cuyman Samuel, 137. f323. 

Daguerreotypes, introduction of, 
D'Aillebout, 175. 
Daily Knickerbocker, 344. 

Patriot, 282. 
Dairy produce, 399. 
Dancing parties, 236. 
Daniels, John, 143. 

James W., died, 310. 
Danielse, Simon, 48, 76, 99, 103, 

105, 106, 109. 
Danson, Fanny, 321. 
I):irkc, William, 346. 
Darling, Mrs. C., 254. 
Davidson, Alexander, died, 317. 

James, 431. 
Davis, Eli/a, 427. 

Isaac 0., 226. 

John, 269, 278,279, 281, 286, 
died, 379. 



Davis. Mrs. Joseph, 267. 

Nathaniel, 255. 

William, 228, 242, 269, 279, 

314, 361. 
Dean, Amos, 280, 310. 

Stewart, 260, 354. 

street, 364. 
Deaths in 1842, 332. 
Debt of city, 1834, 226. 
Debts called in, 42. 
De Callieres, 175. 
Defence, funds for, 179, 183. 
Defences, order to repair, 128. 
De Forest, Charles, 340. 

Curtis, 406. 

David, 23. 

Mrs. Jacob J., 408. 
Defreest, Abraham, 51. 

Philip, 49, 112,273. 

Wouter, 136, 140. 

Jesse, 47,60, 61,68, 79, 137. 

Lansing V., 365. 
De Frontenac, Count, 178. 
De Garmo, Jacob, 136. 

Matheys, 18. 
De Garmoy, Bastian, 120. 

Dirrick, 28, 30. 

Jelles, 67, 68, 92, 135, 143. 

Johannis, 65, 67, 92, 168. 

Peter, 88. 

De Graff, John I., 428. 
De Groff, Simeon, 326. 
Delavan, E. C., 241. 

Ed. H 321. 

Hannah, 278. 

Henry W., died, 262. 

house, 350. 
De Lissa, J. J., 282. 
Dellemont, Marte, 104. 
Dellius, Rev. G., 223. 

petition for payment, 223. 
Delahanty, Daniel, 369. 

John, 379. 

Deming, Gideon, 369. 
Democrats defeated, 274. 

in minority, 268. 
De Neufville, John. 219. 
'Denison, Rev. C. W., 235. 
'Dennison. Ed. C., 321. 

Mrs. E. C., 291. 

Joseph, 338. 
Dennistou, G. V., 407. 



462 



Index. 



Denniston, Hugh, 161. 

Isaac, 241, 292. 

Mrs. Isaac, 240. 

Isaac, Jr., 337. 

Mrs. James, 351. 

Mrs. Maria, 315. 

De Peyster, John, 14, 29, 52, 96, 
102, 103, 110, 122, 130, 137, 
139, 143, 150. 
Deputy Chamberlain, 431. 

salary of, 356. 

Deuel, Mrs. Benjamin, 350. 
Devyr, Thomas A., 362. 
De Voe, Isaac, 128. 
Dewandelaer, Johannis, 57, 62, 74, 
75, 151. 

Peter, 74, 81, 114, 151. 
De Witt, A. A., 245. 

A. H., 438. 

Catharine M., 330. 

Ephraim, died, 325. 

EH., 438. 

John, died, 250. 

Mrs. John, 340. 

Louis, 270. 

Richard V., 233. 

Mrs. R. V., 328. 

Simeon, 234, 317. 

William H., 374, 432, 438. 
Dexter, George, 281, 292, 314, 349, 
35J, 356. 

James, 236. 

Mrs. Samuel, 374. 
Dey Ermand, J., 283. 

James, 415. 

Mrs. Mary Ann, 316. 
Dey, John Ogden, 412, 450, 
Deyo, David, Jr., 381. 

Mrs. David, 381. 
Diblee, Henry, 301. 
Dick, Captain William, 42. 
Dickerman, J. R., 279, 292, 303. 
Dickinson, Mrs. Isaac, 331. 

William H., 337. 
Dickson, Rev. Alexander, 442. 
Dillingham, Charles, 235. 
Dillingham, Hannah, 300. 
Dillon, Charles, 269, 326. 

Mrs. Charles, 381. 
Dimmick, Otis, 347. 

express rider, 288. 
Directory, printer of, 304. 



Disney, J., 378. 
Distances to cities, 186. 
Distress by war, 125. 
District schools, 430. 

expenses, 374. 

houses, 273, 275. 

Journal, 368. 
Dix, Brands P., 412. 

John A., 236, 310, 317,321. 
Dobbs, Thomas H., 425. 

Mrs. Thomas, 309. 
Dock, first brick store on, 372. 

master, 373. 

street changed, 354. 
Docks, ordinance respecting, 69, 
60, 61. 

petition for, 46. 
Documents, translation of city, 

332. 

Don, John G., 423. 
Dongan at Albany, 174. 
Donnelly, Francis, 411. 

Jane, 326. 

John C., 238. 
Dorr, Alfred, 265. 

Dr. P. C., 306. 

Edmund, 370. 

Elisha, 285, 341. 

Mrs. Elisha, 273. 
; Doty, Mrs. Lyman T., 257. 
i Douglas, Beriah, 303. 
j Douglass, Horace F., 406. 

James B., 425. 

Mary B., 320. 

Mrs. S., 234. 

W. A., 285. 
Dougherty, William W., 348. 
Douw, Abraham, 86, 137, 140, 
141, 143, 150, 151. 

John D. P., 238. 

Johannis V., 121, 126, 127, 
130. 

Mrs. Lyntie, 253. 

Petrus, 25, 45. 

Rachel, 286. 

Volkert, 19, 44, 104. 

Volkert,jr.,61. 

Volkert P., 137, 150, 233, 241. 
Douw's building, 315, 328. 
Dove street, opening of, 333. 
i Dow, Abraham, 131, 137. 

John, 119, 135. 



Index. 



463 



Dow, Capt. Volkert P., 130, 135. 
Dowd, Lawrence, 420. 
Dowling, Thomas, 326. 

Mrs. Thomas, 343. 
Downing, Jacob, 242, 327, 340, 424. 
Dox, G., 308. 
Dox, Garret L., 269, 291, 292, 337, 

340, 380. 

Doxy, Peter, 104. 
Doyle, Peter C., 259. 

Mrs. P. C., 326. 
Drafts, city, 103. 
Drainage, 64, 109. 
Drake, Samuel H., 263. 

Margaret, died, 372. 

Peter, 284. 

Drills Cripple bush, 80. 
Drives about Albany, 396. 
Driving, unruly, 62. 
Drugs, &c., 399. 
Drul lard, Mrs. S., 316. 
Drury, Samuel, 99. 
Dry goods stores, 400. 
Duane, Mrs. Cornelius, 315. 

Gertrude, died, 315. 
Dubois, Cornelius H., 411. 
Dudley, Charles E., died, 310. 
Duer, "William A , 417. 
Duesler. Mrs. Daniel, 324. 
Duffy, William, 229, 253, 255. 
Dun bar, Gen. Robert, jr., 371. 

Mrs. Robert Jr., 302. 
Duncan, Thomas, "219. 
Dunkin, Mrs. Robert H., 374. 
Dunlavy, Mary, 241. 
Dunlop, A. A., 228. 

John F., 298. 

William, G., 300. 
Dunn, Ed. H., 261. 

Mrs. Edward, 277. 

Mrs. Philip, 429. 
Dunn's island, 172, 173. 

tavern burnt, 339. 
Durant, William, died, 355. 
Durrie, D. S., 446. 
Dusenberry, Mrs. Richard, 229. 
Dutch church in State street, 193. 
a fortification, 194. 
petition, 38. 
release, 121. 

documents translated, 332. 

East India Company, 172. 



Dutch language, 204, 219. 
records, translation, 267. 
West India Company, 174. 
Dutcher, Augustus C., 312. 
Salem, died, 348. 
Mrs. Salem, 315. 
Dwellings in 1750, 187. 
1788, 219. 
1825, 186. 
Dwight, Francis, 368. 
Dwyer, John H., 346. 
Dyer, Rev. David, 411. 
Mrs. H., 282. 
Leverett C., 360. 
Eager, Elizabeth Nelson, 371. 
Eagle street, 272. 

in 1827, 169. 
opened, 272. 
paved, 285. 

tavern, 237, 271,282, 286. 
Easton, John, 153. 
Walter, 234. 
William, died, 313. 
Eaton, John, 44, 74. 
Eclipse of 1806, 199. 
Edgar, Mrs. Agnes, 369. 
Edwards, Mrs. James, 241. 
Efner, Mrs. Nicholas, 417. 
Egbert, OwjenJ., 365. 
Egberts, Cornelius, died, 368. 

Egbert, 233, 242, 264. 
Egbertse, Benjamin, 70 
Egbert, 18, 85, 122. 
E^hbertB., 103, 138. 
Teunis, 44. 
Eggemont, Jacob, 14. 
Egglestone, Mrs. William, 359. 
Ehle, Abraham, 256. 
Eights, James, 246. 

Jonathan, 233, 287. 
Elections, 13, 28, 38, 50, 61, 72, 80, 
81, 86, 89, 92, 96, 100, 
101, 111, 118, 119, 120, 
121, 127, 130, 133, 137, 
139, 143, 150, 232, 237, 
242, 248, 263, 268, 279, 
285, 292, 303, 313, 321, 
327, 333, 334, 346, 349, 
366, 361, 366, 370, 371, 
374, 37, 412, 429. 
Election, 1732, 28. 
1733, 38. 



464 



Index. 



Election, 1734, 60. 

1735, 61. 

1736, 72. 

1737, 81. 

1738, 85. 

1739, 89. 

1740, 92. 

1741, 96. 

1742, 100. 

1743, 111. 

1744, 118. 

1745, 120. 

1746, 121. 

1747, 127.. 

1748, 130. 

1749, 137. 

1750, 139. 

1751, 143. 

1752, 150. 
1835, 242, 248. 
1837, 269. 
J838, 279. 

1839, 292. 

1840, 303. 
1841,313. 

1842, 327. 

1843, 340. 

1844, 349. 

1845, 361. 

1846, 370. 

1847, 378. 

time changed, 231, 312. 

of constables, 80. 
Elephants, 417. 
Elevation of city, 186. 
Elk street fire, 422. 
Elliott, Edward, 267. 

S. D., 334. 

Robert, died, 348. 

Mrs. Robert, 341. 
Ellis, William, 352. 

Mrs. William, 370. 
Elmendorf, Peter E., 24-3, 308. 

Mrs. P. E., 241. 
Elton, JohnT., 406. 
Emerald steam boat, 257, 267. 
Emigrant society organized, 337. 
Emmet guards, 358. 
Emmet, Mrs. Robert, 411. 
Emmons, Prof. E., 286. 
Engine, ancient fire, 425. 

or water spuyt, 18, 19, 20. 



Engine house, ordered, 91. 
key, 44. 

a second ordered, 90. 
Company, No. 9, 330. 

disbanded, 329, 330. 
(See Fire engine.) 
Englehart, E. A. H., 378. 
Epidemic of 1746, 184. 
Episcopal church, third, 296. 
Errata, for 1743 read 1763, last para- 
graph, 152. 
for structures read strictures. 

329. 

Ertzberger, Mrs. W. G., 428. 
Esleeck Welcome, 293. 
Esopus, post established, 173. 
Ettridge, Mrs. Lydia, 353. 

William, 271. 
Eureka, steam boat, 307. 
Evening Journal, 264, 265, 274. 
Evers, Peter, 411. 
E verse, Hendrick, 151. 
Evertse, Jacob, jr., 121. 

Johanm's, 62. 
Evertsen, Barney E., 252. 
Jacob I., 235. 
John I., 229. 
Excise, petition to farm, 85. 
'Exchange bank, 286, 289. 
building, 258, 263. 
coffee house, 271. 
street, widening, 259. 
Express from Cape Breton, paid, 
119. 

to New York, 288, 310, 336. 
to Troy, 347. 
Falconer, Mary P., 368. 
Families, old, 196, 199. 
Family Newspaper, 275. 
Fanning, Mrs. Achsa, 241. 
Fanyou, Mrs. Jane, 331. 
! Farmers excluded from State St., 

274. 

^arnham, Lewis, 242, 334. 
JFassett, Amos, 408. 
Asa, 262. 
Timothy, 363. 
Fast day for great fire, 161. 
[Fay, Mrs. E. A., 271. 
j Feast of shells, 393. 
| Female Academy, 257. 

Combe busts, 300. 



Index. 



465 



Fences to be broken down, 12, 14, Fires, 262, 264, 267, 268, 272, 274, 

276, 277, 278, 280, 282, 283, 
284, 289, 290, 301, 312, 319, 
321, 336, 339, 358, 359, 364, 
373, 374, 409, 412, 419, 420, 
421,422,429. 

for common council, cost of, 52. 
freedom from, 312. 
1845, 364, 368. 
1858, 420. 

Firewood for troops, 122. 
First baptist church, 273. 
metnodist church, 358. 
presbyterian church, 325, 372, 

408. 

settlement, 184, 187. 
Fish slip, 191. 
Fish, Mrs. Thomas, 278. 
Fisher, Bastien, 136. 
burnt, 339. 
Mrs. Elizabeth, 375. 
John, died, 318. 
Mrs. John, 301. 
James D., 325. 
Mrs. J. D., 295. 
Rev. Samuel, 344. 
Fiske, George, died, 267. 



15. 

Fergeson, Sarah, 337. 
Fenoullc, Mariette 412. 
Ferris, li.-v. Isaac, 232, 236, 246, 

257, 260, 268, 273, 304, 440, 441. 

Richard T., 292. 
Ferry expenditures, 225. 

leased, 143. 

rat.-s, 142, 251. 

(see Ureenbush ferry.) 

street, opening of, 158. 
Field, Jeremiah, 259. 
Fiele, Lewifl and Peter, 55. ^ 
Fighting with knives prohibited, 

170. 

Filkins. Mrs. 0., 229. 
Finch, Hiram, 285. 
F inlay, Alexander, 267. 
Finances of city, 259. 

1858, 429. 

Financial distress, 333. 
Finn, Henry, 153. 
Fire of 1793, 160. 

apparatus 1858, 428. 

bell, 293. 

companies, 1845, 368. 

department, 235, 237,241,244, 



265, 271, 272, 304, 312, 
317, 329, 364, 368. 
election, 235. 
engine, care of, 114. 

ordered from England, 18, 

19,20. 

repairs of, 74, 102. 
3d, 90, 91. 
engines 1845, 364. 
engineer, 338. 
expenses, 304. 

masters, 18, 29, 41, 42, 51, 62, 
74, 81, 86, 90, 93, 96, 103, Flags of truce, 130. 
114, 119, 121, 133, 138, 141, Flax and hemp, 399. 



Fitch, Adah, died, 287. 



Mrs. Simeon, 282. 

Mrs. William, 287. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. Catharine, 336. 

James. 355. 

John J., 424. 
Fitzsimmons, Catharine, 245. 

John, 237. 
Five nations, conversion of, 223. 

steene on Beaver kill, 136. 
Flagg. A. C., 290. 

Mrs. Daniel S., 342. 

Preston, 421. 



145, 156. 

warrants, 138. 
Firemen from Charlestown, 381. 

salaries of, 116. 
Firemen's banner presented, 261. 

jubilee, 425, 426. 
Fires, 29, 72, 90, 91, 160, 161, 



Fletcher, Col. Benjamin, 177. 
Flint, Robert, 58, 67, 68. 
Flour, 385, 386. 

cost of freight from* Buffalo,. 

388. 

Flouring mills,, 399. 
Floyd, Thomas, 120. 



235, 236, 237, 238, 240, 248,lFloyde, Thomas, 116. 

249, 250, 251, 262, 253, 264,JFlansburgh, John, 96, 98, 99, 104,. 

256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261 J 152. 

[Annals, x.] 40 



466 



Index. 



Flansburgh, Matthew, 16, 28, 31, 'Foxes kill, 15, 167 (see Foxescreek). 

38, 45, 47, 48, 50. (Franks, Abraham, 368. 

Mrs. M., 421. 



Follett, Samuel F. y 415. 
Folson, John, 153. 
Fonda, Abraham, 128. 

Abraham James, 92. 

Douw, 72, 78, 80, 81, 84, 104. 
died, 280. 

Mrs. Douw, 274. 

Douw I., 28, 38. 

Dowe J., 29, 93. 

Elsie, 194. 

Gysbert, 128. 

Isaac, 28, 38, 128. 

Klass, 20. 

Magdalen, 285. 
Fondey, Charles, 1 323. 

W. H.,282, 308, 331. 
Fontfreyde, John, 153. 
Forbey, George, jr., 380. 
Ford, Capt. Eliakim, 366. 

Mrs. Eliakim, 230. 

Thomas W.. 369. 

W. R., 328. 

Forestalling prohibited, 266. 
Forest, extent of, 183. 
Forrester, Mrs. Mary, 407. 
Forsyth, Russell, 292. 

W. W., 340, 378. 
Fort, explosion at, 25. 

Frederick, 412, 413. 

Orange, when built, 170, 174, 

186, 187. 
Fortifications, 115, 116. 

change of line, 110. 

in 1724, 181. 

petition for, 45,107,117. 
Forts of Schaghticoke, 115. 
Fortt, Abraham, 18, 71,87, 89, 105. 

Isaac, 18, 87. 
Foster, Mrs. Chandler, 326. 

Mrs. William, 279. 
Fountain creek, 69. 
Fourth of July, 244,259, 282, 294, 
305, 317, 330, 343, 352, 364. 

Presbyterian church, 289, 336, 

344, 358, 426. 
Fowler, S. S., 231, 242. 
Fox street, name changed, 312. 
Foxes creek, 24, 64, 67, 68, 74, 92, 
185, 186. 



Eraser, Margaret, 240. 
Frazer, Mrs. Donald, 300. 

Mrs. Hugh, 356. 

James, 28, 61. 
Fredendall, Frederick, 375. 
Free church, 434. 
Freedoms granted, 42. 

how to be given, 134. 

purchased in 1781, 153. 
Freeman's licence, cost of, 16. 
Freeman, Mrs. E. P., 362. 

Mrs. John, 367. 

Robert, 349. 
Freligh, Mrs. Mary, 325. 
Freest, Marta, 130. 
Freight, heavy, 415. 
French, Abel, 284, 345. 

Catholic church, 353. 

invasion, 178. 

James M., 292, 334. 
Freshet, great, 288, 310, 325. 
Frink, Mrs. C. S., 372. 
Frisbie, Captain, 372. 

Edward, 262. 
Froment, William, 269. 
Frontier of all North America, 107. 
Frontiers reinforced, 179. 
Frothingham, W., 362. 

W. W., 340, 378. 

Mrs. W. W., 325. 
Fruit, 356. 
Fry, Charles B., 307. 

Daniel, 314, 318, 319, 378. 

Joseph, 313. 

William, 135. 

William G., 378. 
Fryar, William, 121. 
Fryer, Aaron V., 237. 

Isaac, 18, 19, 27, 99, 102. 

John, 111, 129. 

William, 141. 

William J., 327, 370. 
Fuddemart (rag market), 168. 
Fuller, Mrs. G., 264. 

Reuben, 317. 

Fulton Alexander, died, 269. 
Funeral inviter's fees, 44. 
Funerals, inviters to, 68. 

fees of inviters, 34. 
Fur, great mart in 1722, 181. 



Index. 



467 



Pur and peltry, 387. 
Furman, Robert, 424. 
Furniture, statistics of, 399. 
Gaffers, Maria, 254. 
Gager. Daniel C., 346. 

Mrs. John, 370. 
Gains, William H., 330. 



Gay, Amos, 243. 

Charles, 411. 

William A., 262, 263. 
|Gaynor x Patrick, 369. 



\Jt *J H\J I + A t*lAl XV>.I\) <-V 

Greer, George, 227. 

Geology of Albany county, 162. 

Genet. Edmund, 205. 
Gallows hill, 15, 34, 40, 43, 47, 51, Charles, 226. 

63, 67, 88, 99, 140. Germond, Peter, 306. 

Gallagher, James, 271. Gerritse, Elbert, 23, 110. 



Galloghly, Francis, 407. 
Galloway. John, 331. 
Gallup, Nathaniel. 303. 
Galvin, Patrick, 408. 
Gansevoort family, 199. 

Harme, 72, 131, 137, 140, 143, 
148, 151. 

Harriet, 298. 

John, 100. 

Johannes, 145. 

Leendert,41, 60, 61,72, 81, 84, 
85, 89, 103, 108, 118. 

Leonard, died, 235. 

Leonard, jr., 159. 

Mrs. L., 265, 339. 

Maria, 318. 

Mary, 260. 

Peter, 310, 340. 

Mrs. Peter, 311. 

Dr. Rensselaer, died, 297. 

Dr. T. E.,333. 
Gansevoort's point, 120. 
Gardens, 401. 
Gartield, Charles L., 301. 
Garling, Joachim B., 411. 
Garmoy, JellesD.,41. 

(see De Ganno.) 
Garnsey, John, 277. 

Mrs. John, 276. 
Garrison, Mrs. I. P., 294. 
Garrison in T747, 184. 

ill condition of, 26. 

repairs to, 15Q. 
Garrot, Mons., 211. 
Gas, attempt to introduce, 345. 

first lighting by, 367. 
Gaslight company, 315, 316, 356. 
Gatekeeper, 118, 129, 
Gates to be locked, 118. 
Gates. Gerrit, 370. 

Mrs. John, 292. 

Mrs. Joseph, 241. 



pasture, 109, 110. 

Hendrick, 13, 17, 90. 

widow Jan, 35, 

Maritje, 94. 

Ryer, 9, 13, 15, 17, 28, 38, 50, 

64,65,82, 118. 
Gibbons, George S., 292. 

James, 242, 269. 
died, 352. 
Gibbonsville, 188. 
Gibson, Benjamin, 419. 

Colin, 153. 

Georgianna, 374. 

James, 373. 

Mrs. James, 339. 

John, 374. 

Mrs. Joseph, 378. 

Washington G., 417. 
iGidley, Timothy H., 329. 
Gilbert, Benjamin, 247. 

Mrs. Benjamin, 258. 
Gill, Mrs. George, 257. 

John, died, 343. 

Matthew, died, 311. 

Mrs. Williams, 373. 

William, died, 293. 
Gillespie, Elizabeth, died, 357. " 

Thomas M., 293. 

William, 242. 
Gillett, Cyrrel, 355. 

Mrs. T. S., 370. 
Gilligan, John, 362. 
Gladding, Mrs. George W., 372. 

Hannah, died, 266. 

Joseph H., 295. 

Sophia M., 344. 

Stephen, 325. 

Timothy, 371. 

Mrs. Timothy, 380. 
Glasshouse, 219. 
Glen. Abraham, 183. 

Capt., 176. 



468 



Index. 



Glen, Jacob, 60, 61, 79, 96, 116. 

Johannes, 72. 

John, 81, 86, 89, 92, 96, 114, 
130, 139, 143, 151, 187. 

John, died, 374. 

Mrs. John, 366. 

Simon, died, 316. 
Godden David, died, 312. 
Godley, John S., 308. 

Patience, died, 373. 
Goewy, Johannis, 61. 

Peter, 14. 

Goldwait, Jonathan, 270. 
Goodrich, Charles, 241. 

John, 348. 

Goodson, William, 412. 
^Goodwin, Mrs. Sarah, 316. 
Goold, Jas., 271, 281, 361, 370, 378. 

James & Co., 280. 

Mrs. John H., S05. 
Gordon, Mrs. John, 422. 
Gorham, captain, 247. 
-Gough, Thomas, 349, 375. 

William, 297. 

Gould, Anthony, died, 340, 347, 
417. 

Charles D., 281. 

Mrs. J. P., 355. 

Job, died, 370. 

Mrs. Nancy, 366. 

Thomas, 200. 

William, died, 368, 417. 
Gourlay, Helen L., 431. 

James, jr., 353. 

W. B., 378. 
Gove, Dorothy, 375. 
Governor, address to, 36, 112. 

entertained, 78, 115. 

letter from, 127, 147. 

letters to, 24, 25, 146. 
Governor, petition to, 123, 125. 
Governor's house, 281. 
Governor's message, 336. 
Governour, Abraham, 45. 
Gracie, Oliver C., 363. 
Grades, between Eagle and Lark 

streets, 251. 
Graham, Augustus, 365. 

Samuel, 365. 

T. V. W., 155. 

Mrs. T. V. W., 338. 

garden, 243. 



Granger, Mrs. R. D., 337. 
Grant, Mrs. Anne, 286. 

Henry Allan, 268. 

Mrs. Margaret, 363. 
Grave stones, old, 258. 
Grave yards, 154. 
Graveraat, Isaac, 44. 
Gray, Robert, 267. 

Mrs. John, 308. 
Greene, Henry, 280, 292, 370, 351. 

Powers L., 420. 
Greenbush, 188. 

ferry, 141, 142, 288, 289, 300. 

firemen, 261. 

& West Stockbridge R.R., 243. 
Green street baptist church, 256. 

fire, 339. 
Gregory, Benjamin, 326. 

& Bain, 347. 

& Co., 347. 

John, 438. 

Dr. L. H., 284. 

& Nelson's stable burnt, 289. 

Matthew, 210. 
Griesman, Mrs., 419. 
Griffin, Julia, 369. 

Oscar P., 267. 
Grinell Lewis, 229. 
Grist mill at Schaghticoke, 107. 
Groat, Abraham S., 349. 
Grocers declined to sell bread, 270. 
Groesbeck John, 269, 272, 281, 292, 

303, 327. 
Groesbeeck, Abraham, 156. 

David, 12, 28, 38, 43, 67, 68, 92. 

Davidjr., 151. 

David D., 136. 

Gerardus, 100. 

Jacob Jo., 103. 

Johannis, 34, 60. 

Nicholas, 74, 83. 

Stephen, 349, 380. 

William, 127, 245. 

William W., 264. 

Wouter, 74, 77, 151. 
Grovestein, Mrs. Abraham, 347. 
Guernsey, A. P., 355. 
Guardenier, George, 271, 369. 
Guest, Thomas, 314. 
Guns, great, 43, 46, 60. 

three great, 121, 122. 
Guthrie, Alexander, 349. 



Index. 



469 



Gutt-rs in old times, 195. 

cut at Schaghticoke, 115. 
Gayer, Mrs. Isaac D., 334. 
Haas, Zecharia, 120. 
Hackley, PhiloC.,418. 
Hall, Abijah, 424. 

Annette, 363. 

Mrs. Asahel, 300. 

Green, 242. 

Mrs. G. L., 406. 

Joseph, 153, 323, 351. 

Mrs. S. B., 321. 

Thomas, died, 261. 

Willis, 334, 343. 
Halleubake, Mrs. C., died, 301. 

street, 280. 

Hallenbeck, John, 230. 
llall<-nbeeck, Hendrick, 40. 
Hallett, Mrs. Thomas, 359. 
Halloway, Rev. W. W., 442. 
Hamilton, Isaac, died, 233. 

Mrs. Isaac, 376. 

John, 253. 

Mrs. John, 233. 

street bridge, 259. 
fire, 422. 
mound, 278. 
opening of, 333. 
Baptist Church, 295. 

village, 165. 

Hammond, Jabez D., 419. 
Hanuh, Mrs. Jane, 283. 
Hancock, Jotham, 242, 312. 

Mrs. Jotham, 252. 
Hand B. G., died, 285. 

B. W., 314, 327, 334. 

Isaac, 246. 

M P.. 255. 
Handford, George, 269, 279, 292, 

303. 

Han-man, salary, 119. 
Hanks, Julius, 225. 

;., Hans, 17, 72,81,85, 130, 
137, 144. 

H-ndrii:k, 85. 

Johiinnis, jr., 38. 

Isaac, 119. 

John T. S., 371. 

Philip, 18, 24, 92,96, 111. 

Ryckert, 42, 72, 74, 81. 85, 89, 

92, 94, 95, 97. 
Harbeck, Samuel, 228. 



Harbormaster, report, 275, 286,308, 

356. 

aarcourt, John W., 361, 370. 
Elard cider campaign, 305. 
ftardenbroek, 171. 
Hardware statistics, 398. 
Hardy, William J., 416. 
Hare, Daniel, jr., 267. 
Sari em rail road, 346. 
Harman, Thomas W., 282. 
Harned, S. W., 378. 
Harney, Alice, 427. 
Harris, Elizabeth, 359. 

Ira, 281, 310, 356, 366, 371, 246, 
379. 

Mrs. Ira, 363. 

James, 257. 

Robert, 371. 
Harrison convention, 253. 

Gen., funeral, 313. 

Mrs. James, 284. 

J., 378. 

John, 370. 

jubilee, 312. 
Harsen, Barnardus, 82, 114. 
Hart, II. V., 269. 

Henry, 153. 
Hartness, Mrs. James, 363. 

Thomas L., 328, 373. 
Harvey, Thomas, 331. 
Haskell, S. P.,289. 
Hastings, F. H., 349. 

Hugh J., 344. 

Redmond, 337. 

Seth, 279, 292, 303, 342. 

died, March, 1859. 
Haswell, H. B., 274, 361, 378. 
Hats, &c., statistics of, 398. 
Hat on, John, 76. 
Havens, Mrs. Benjamin, 362. 
Hawe, Daniel, 362. 
Hawley, Aaron, 279. 

Elizabeth, 372. 

Gideon, 325, 343, 390. 

H. Q., 304. 
Hay, 399. 

scales, burnt, 412. 
Hayes, John, 428. 
Hays, Timothy, 258. 
Hazard, N. M., 336. 

Mrs. William H., 328. 
Hooghkirck, Luycas,31, 34, 42, 110. 



470 



Index. 



Hooker, Philip,-242, 252. 
Hopkins, Mrs. H., 356. 
Hops, 399. 
Homer, James, 310. 
Horsford, E. N., 317, 322. 
Horth, Francis, died, 300. 
Hosford, Mrs. David, 308. 
Hospital, 287, 352. 
Hotchkiss, Judith, 411. 
Hotels, 392. 

Hough, Mrs. R. P., 431. 
Housatonic rail road, 337, 377. 
House of prayer, 235. 
Houses in 1760, 187. 

1788, 219. 

1800, 194. 

1825, 186. 
Howard, Mrs. Ephraim, 376. 

Mrs. J. H., 330. 

Mrs. Lawrence, 274. 

Lloyd, 245. 

Mrs. Matthew, 289. 
Howe, Jesse, died, 270. 

Matthew, 271. 
Hoy. Patrick, 408. 
Hoyt, Geo. A., died, 368. 

George B., 228. 

Henry, 266. 

Hubbard, Franklin, 285. 
Hudson, riot in, 358. . 

river railroad, 261, 376. 

steam boat company, 228. 

street pond, 317, 367. 
ravine, 169. 

square, 244. 
Hueson, Robert, 160. 
Hughes, Dorothy, 349. 

John M., 340,361. 

Mrs. John, 366. 

Uriah, 346. 

William, died, 316. 
Humphrey, captain, 427. 

Dr. C., 225. 

Daniel, W., 378. 

Friend, 245, 248, 269, 279, 
297, 340, 349, 361. 

Hugh, 350. 

Mrs. John, 286. 

Martha, died, 266. 

Stephen V. R., 352. 
Humphries, John, 371. 
Hun, Harme, 96. 



Hun, Thomas, 155. 

L)r. Thomas, 280, 378. 
Hunn Dirck, 135. 

Johannis, 128, 129, 135. 
Hunt, Davis, 157. 

James M., 412. 
Hunter, Elkanah, 370. 

Isabella, 300. 

James, 227, 357. 

Robert, died, 338. 
Hurdis, Mrs. John, 420. 
Hurst, Mrs. William, 376. 
Huson, Daniel, 23. 

Daniel, jr., 139. 
Hutchinson, Mrs. Robert, 417. 
jHutton, I. & G., 200. 
Hydrant company, 350. 
Hyer, Gerrit, 163. 
Hynes, David, 431. 
Ice broke in crossing, 276. 
Ide, Rev. G. B., 231, 232, 236, 246. 
Iggett, captain John, 376. 
Improvements, 198. 

in building, 328. 
Impressment in 1746, 184. 
Inclined planes abolished, 354. 
Indian agent, 120. 

annuities, 414. 

corn, 399. 

deed of Tienenderogue, 52-4. 

express, 9. 

interpreter, 10. 

name of Albany, &c., 173. 

sheds, 181. 

treaty, 36. 
Indians, 173. 

in 1745, 182. 

in 1747, 184. 

regulations concerning, 41. 

visit England, 1 80. 
Industrial school, 430. 
Infant schools, 256, 292. 

suspended, 243. 
; Ingalls, Betsey, 336. 
281, Innovation, opposition to, 191. 
Insurance Co., Albany, 380. 
Interments, 366. 
Ireland, aid to, 376. 

meeting in aid of, 376. 

repeal movements in, 342, 352. 
Iron bridge fell, 422. 

ware, 387. 



Index. 



471 



Isaac Newtoii, steam boat, 374, 430 
Ives, Josepl/ died, 313. 

Mrs. J*sVph, 231. 
Jackson, Andrew, funeral obse- 
quies. 364. 

David, 334. 

Jakey, died, 377. 
Jacobs, Lucy, 250. 
Jacobse. Harpert, 23, 167. 
Jail, 31. 

petition for, 78. 
James, Augustus, 236, 390. 

Elisha B., 270. 

Frederick P., 305. 

John V., 422. 

William, 200. 

Rev. William, 236. 
Jamieson, Malcolm, died, 257. 
Jarvis, Seth, 242, 269, 279. 
Jay, Charles M. B., 407. 
Jay street lighted. 229. 
Jenkins, Charles E., 347. 

Charles M., 273, 378. 

Elisha, 205. 

Isaac, 243. 

Joseph G., 346. 

Lemuel, 229, 269. 
Jenkinson, Thomas, 365. 
Jenks, Mrs. N., 329. 
Jenonderago, gift of, 9, 10. 
Jermain, John P., 240. 
John Jay, steam boat, 240. 
Johnson, Ann W., died, 372. 

Caleb, died, 306. 

Deborah, 284. 

Elizabet, 373. 

John B., 161. 

Mrs. Henry, 377. 

Hugh, 300. 

Mrs. Jane, 322. 

Michael I., 381. 

Noadiah, 290. 

Stephen W., 260, 358. 

Thomas, 406, 427. 

Col. William, 129, 130. 

W. D., 343. 
Joice, Mrs. R. L., 380. 
Joncker st. market house, 91. 

well in, 56. 
Jones, John, 408. 

J. I., 314, 328, 340. 370. 

Mrs. J. I., 350. 



Jones. Mrs. J. P., 411. 

Margaret, 364. 

Parmenas, 289. 

Peter, 100, 110,127. 

Peter C., 371. 

Thomas P., 341. 

William, 340, 350. 
Jope, Rev. James, died, 277. 
Joscelyn, Sylvanus, 346. 
Joralemen, Peter, 356. 
Jordan, Edward, 347. 

Mrs. Edward, 374. 

James, 326. 
Joy, Thaddeus, 255, 300, 314, 318. 

Miles, 327. 
Judd, Chester, 247. 

John C., 372. 

Rachel, 367. 
Judge entertained with wine, 122. 
Judson. Mrs. Elijah, 370. 

I. L., 242, 244, 269, 279, 292, 

Nathaniel, 285. [340. 

July 4th (see Fourth July). 
Jurors, compensation to, 333. 
Jury expedition, 99. 
Kane, Elisha, died, 235. 

Elisha, 2d, died, 307. 

Hazael, 269, 279, 281, 286, 293, 
316, 318, 328. 

James, 200, 201, 216, 340. 

Mrs. John L, 333. 

Joseph, 409. 

Mrs. Leah, 379. 

Lydia Sybil, 311. 

Oliver, 326. 
Kane property, 242. 
Kearney, Capt., 299. 

William H., 379. 

Mrs. W. H., 374. 
Keeler, C. A., 255, 279, 443. 

James, 269. 

Mrs. James, 265. 
Keese, William L., 254. 
Keith, Laban W., 342. 

Mrs. Laban W., 380. 

Philip, 352. 
Kellogg Mrs. C. P., 342. 
Kelso, John, 279. 
Kelley, Catharine, 426. 
Kelly, Seth F., 327. 
Kemp, William, 373. 
Kennedy, Rev. Duncan, 324. 



472 



Index. 



Kennedy, Jane, 409. 
Keuyon, John, 280, 314, 371. 
Kent, James, 205. 
Kerker, Andrew, 303. 

David A., 308. 
Kervin, John, 330. 
Kettelhuyn, D. & J., 57. 

Jochim, 104. 
Keyes, Henry, 380. 
Keyser, Mrs. Peter, 312. 
Kidd, Elizabeth, 409. 
Kiddenhooghteu, 166. 
Kidney, Jacobus, 90, 99. 

Johannes, 93. 

Roeliff, 81, 82. 
Kilbourne, John, 411. 
Kinderhook, 181, 183. 

bridge, 181. 
King, Frederick, died, 296. 

James, 232, 317. 

N. G., 304. 

Rums, 428. 

Mrs. Rufus, 282. 

Rums H., 294, 302,419. 

Mrs. S. W., 357. ' 
King's birthday, 151. 

health drank, 103. 

wharf, 414. 
Kingsley, Nathan, 279. 

Thaddeus, 309. 
Kingston redoubt, 173. 
Kinnear, Susan, died, 286. 
Kinney, John S., 370. 
Kip, Abraham, 112. 

Rev. W. I., 433. 
Kirk, Andrew, 280, 281. 

Rev. E. N., 232, 236, 238, 245, 
246, 268. 

George, died, 307. 
Kirkpatrick and Lagrange, 350. 

Robert, 427. [374. 

Thomas, 303, 314, 340, 361, 
Kissarn, Samuel, 308. 
Kitchnaers, Anna, 14. 
Kitchiner, Mrs. 78, 109. 
Kittle, Adam, died, 270. 

Mrs. Adam, 252. 

Daniel S., 242, 292, 303, 325. 

Mrs. D. S., 346. 

Sybrant, 348, 417. 

Mrs. N., 309. 

Mrs. Sarah, 331. 



Kleyne clay hill, 75. 
Kline, Mrs. Matthias, 431. 
Knapp, Mary H., 268. 

Susan, 349. 
Knickerbacker, Harme, 151 . 

Johannis, 30, 37, 59, 71, 108. 

steam boat, quick trip, 343. 
Knight, Thomas S., 423. 
Knives, fighting with, 170. 
Knoet, John, 136. 
Knower, A. P., 321. 

Benjamin, 201, 295, 321, 371, 
390. 

Charles, died, 263. 

Edmund, 350. 

Henry, 323. 

George S., 267. 

Mrs. George, 311. 
Knowles, J. Sheridan, 234. 
Koonz, Abram, 280, 327. 
Kosciusko, steam boat, 301. 
Koster, Henry, 38, 50, 61, 73. 
Kugler, Matthew, 245. 
JLabascheiner, Morris, 417. 
Lacy, William, 433. 
Ladders inspected, 142. 
Ladue, J. C. F., 329. 
Lafayette, funeral ceremonies, 227. 
La Grange, Mrs. Isaac, 289. 
Lagransie, Christiaen, 129. 
Lamb, James, 425. 
L'Amoreux, Covel, 296. 

Joseph, 306. 

Mrs. Joseph, 274. 

Wendell, 352. 
Lamphire, Mrs. Jane, 229. 
Lamps, expense of, 225, 430. 

in Jay street, 229. 
Lancaster school, 169, 259. 

closed, 256. 

house, 266, 278. 
Landers, Mrs. Catherine, 417. 
Landon, William, 324. 
Lands, price of, 16. 
Langaserie, French flag, 130. 
Lansing, Abraham G., 203, 205. 

Dr. A. G., 351. 

A. T. E., 325. 

Chancellor, 203, 205, 382. 

Charles B., 264, 308. 
Mrs. Charles B., 365. 
C. R., 279. 



Index. 



473 



Lansing, Elizabeth, 232. 
Mrs. E. J., 328. 
George S., 321. 
Gerrit, 110, 112, 116. 
Gen-it, Jr., 10, 14, 17. 
Mrs. Gerrit, Jr., 289. 
Gerrit G. Jr., 96. 
Gerrit J., 103. 

Gerrit Y., 233, 310, 314, 340. 
Mrs. G. Y., 282. 
Mrs. Harriet, 301. 
Henry Q., 228. 
Isaac, 13, 415. 
Jacob, 64, 119. 
Jacob, 353, 361,409. 
Jacob A., 89. 
Jacob!., 127. 
Johannis, 16, 138. 
Johannis J., 72, 81, 92, 133, 

Mrs. John, 263. 
John S., 137. 
Mrs. Myndert, 360. 
Rev. Nicholas, 246. 
Mrs. Obadiah, 408. 
Philip, 143. 
Peter, 151. 
Peter, jr., 233, 238. 
Robert, 89, 92, 109, 135. 
Sander J'se, 141, 
Mrs. Susannah, 301. 
Lansingh, Abraham, 69, 70, 80, 102, 

115. 

Abraham A., 82. 
Abraham, jr., 19, 23, 24, 94, 96. 
Mrs. C. Y.,362. 
Gerardus, 146. 
Gerrit, 47, 69, 100, 109, 112. 
Gerrit G., 50, 96, 153, 
Gerrit, jr., 13, 138. 
Gerrit Ja., 82, 114, 119, 120. 
Gerrit I., 21. 
Isaac, 9, 14, 17. 
Jacob, 13, 17, 50, 68, 90. 
Jacob James, 121, 
Col. J. J., 410. 
Johannes, 90. 
Johannis, jr., 50, 111. 
Johannis G. , 42. 
Johanuis Jacobus, 133. 
Johannis Jacobse, 145. 
Johannis Jan, 133. 



Lansingh, Johannis Ja., 151. 

Johannis Johannisse, 89. 

Robert, 28, 96, 100, 102, 114. 

Rutger, 127. 
Larcher, Mrs. Edward M., 318. 
Latham, Jasper, 406. 
Lathrop, Mrs. Henry, 377. 

William, 298. 
Lattimore, Benjamin, 279. 
Lavender, William, 375. 
Latitude of city, 186. 
Lawrence street bridge fell, 422. 

fire, 278, 429. 

Lawrence, Thomas, died, 369. 
Laws of 1835 respecting Albany, 

243. 

Lawson, Robert W., died, 325. 
Lay, Mrs. Robert S., 280. 
Leake, John W., 334. 
Lease, terms of, at Tiononderogo, 

16. 

Leather statistics, 399. 
Leavenworth, Mrs. William, 256. 
Leddy, James, 359. 
Leddmgs, Jacob, 309. 
Legransey, Christiaen, 135. 
Legislature, 243, 258, 270, 304, 316. 
Leislerians, 179. 
Leonard, Richard, 267. 
Leslie, John, 229. 

William, 409. 
Lewis, Mrs. Anne, 257. 

Mrs. Henry, 374. 

Lewis, 343. 

Mrs* Maria, 373. 

Mrs. R. S., 368. 
L. wis's creek, 31, 55, 84, 114, 115. 
Lightbody, John, 234. 
Lime, 386. 
Linacre, Catharine, 367. 

James, 321. 

James F., 275. 

Margaret, 424. 

Mary, 298. 
Lincoln, Orrin, died, 303. 
Lindsey, John, 29, 42, 51. 
Lingrey, French flag, 130. 
Lion street, 410. 
Little. Charles A., 241. 

Mrs. H. H., 308. 

Mark, died, 339. 
Live stock, 399. 



474 



Index. 



Living, cheap in Albany, 390. 
Livingston, C., 292. 

Edward, 233. 305. 

Mrs. G. R., 340. 

John, 119, 120. 

J. A., 361, 370, 378. 

J. D., 314. 

Margaret, 112. 

Peter B., 66. 

Philip, 14, 50, 64, 65, 120, 132, 
180. 

Philip, jr., 91, 111, 118, 120. 

Philip G., 134, 135! 

Robert, 168. 

Capt. Robert, jr., 84. 

widow, 79. 
Lloyd, Mrs. Eleanor, 309. 

William Henry, 278, 

James, 258. 

Joseph W., 359. 
Loan to rail road, 293, 294, 346. 
Loatwall, Mrs. James, 366. 
Lobdel, Mrs. Stephen, 227. 
Lochertv, Mrs. E., 267. 

Mrs". W. C., 316. 
Lockwood, Alvah M., 238. 
Lodge street graded, 301 . 
Log cabin raised, 305. 
Logan, Mrs. Matthew, 293. 
Loomis, Geo., died, 316. 

George J., 271. 
Lord Edmund, 379. 
Lots in city, price of, 20, 24. 
Loveridge, C., 307, 318, 333, 334, 

344. 
Lovett, Alexander H., 367. 

John, 418, 451. 

Mrs. John, 344. 

John E., 231, 279, 380, 381. 
Low, Addison, 343. 

Mrs. Charles, 373. 
Luce, Mrs. Vinal, 431. 
Ludlow, Rev. Dr., 232. 
Lumber trade, 385, 386. 

yards, 400. 
Lush, Elsie, died, 342. 

SamuelS., 317. 

Mrs. Stephen, 318. 

William, died, 233, 371. 
Luther, George W., 378. 

Jeremiah, 409. 
Lutheran church, 154, 168, 344. 



Lux Jacob, 407. 

Mrs. Jacob, 408. 
Lydius street, 169. 

park, 247. 
Lyman, Nathan, 440, 442, 450. 

Sylvester, 292. 

William, 415. 
Lyndesay, John, 86. 
Leyne, Michael, 246. 
Lyon, Aaron, 375. 

Isaac L., 330. 
Lyons, Ann E., 376. 
Maase, Cornells, 121, 127. 

Jacob, 51. 

Jan, 69, 70, 78. 

Jan, jr., 128. 
Mabon, John, 339. 
Macauley's account of Albany, 171. 
Machinery, census of, 398. 
Mad creek, 165. 
Maddix, James, 325. 
Maffit, Rev. John N., 358. 
Magennis, Roger, 341. 
Mahackaneghtuck, 173. 
Maher, James, 242, 253, 269, 279, 
327, 340, 370. 

Mary, 331. 
Mahon, James, 408. 
Mahony, William, 425. 
Maiden lane, 354. 

cut in pier, 378. 
widening, 259, 260. 
Mail lost in crossing on ice, 276. 
Main, Mrs. Rebecca, 363. 
Maize, 399. 

Malburn, W. P., 314, 327. 
Malcolm, Elizabeth, 328. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 347. 
Maley, John, 153. 
iMancius, Mrs. Jane A., 229. 
jMandeville, Rev. H., died, 426. 
I Mandivel, Jeremiah, 11, 14. 
Manning, Daniel, 306. 

Col. John B., 293. 

Mrs. John, 228. 
Manor House, repaired, 342. 
Mansfield, Abraham, 68. 

John, 278. 
'Manufactories, 398. 
Manufacturers, 398, 399. 
(Many, Charles C., 343. 
i Marble manufactures, 398. 



Index. 



475 



Marcellis, Gerrit, 29, 109. 

Gysbert, 50, 137. 
March, Dr. A., 280. 
Marcy, William L , 233, 285, 295. 
Market gardeners, 400. 

house, 13, 62. 

torn down, 136. 
petition for, 16. 

houses, shingled, 102. 

regulations, 77, 266. 

2d Ward, 70. 

wagons, regulated, 344. 
Markets, public, 91. 

turned to barracks, 120. 
Marselis (see Marcellis). 

John, 92, 96, 100,111,118,119. 
Marselius (see Marcellis). 
Marshal, 138. 

salary of, 14. 256, 266. 
Marshall, Cornelius B., 275. 

D. P., 285. 

Mrs. D. P., 266. 

Peter, 38. 
Marten, Dirk, 12. 
Martin Agrippa, 286. 

David, 327. 

H. H., 327, 340. 

Mrs. Henry, 278. 

James, 248. 

Mrs. James, 240. 

Rev. James, 236. 

John R., 344. 

Richart, 12, 15, 89, 92, 93. 

Robert, 273, 298. 
Marvin, Mrs. Alexander, 409. 

Brothers, 200 

Richard, died, 306. 

Uriah, jr., 305. 
Mascraft, William, 257. 
Mascord, Mrs.' William, 355. 
Mason, W., 438. 
Masons, strike of, 291. 
Masten, William, 409. 
Masters of vessels, 77. 
Mather, Elias, 344. 

Mather, James G., 242. 

Thomas, 200. 
Mathias, arrested, 230. 
Matthews, William, 409. 
Mattice, Mrs. Henry, 417. 
Mav.-ll, Kmeline, 379. 

William, 328. 
Mayer, Rev. Fred. G., 236, 336. 



Mayer, H. W., 367. 

Mrs. Wm. H., 376. 
Mayor and aldermen, chain bearers 

at 6s. a day, 43. 
Mayor, 1731, 9. 

1732, 29. 

1733, 41. 
1740, 93. 
1741,96. 
1742, 102. 
1748, 131. 
1750, 140. 
1836, 266. 

1838, 275. 

1839, 287. 

1840, 300. 

1842, 327. 

1843, 340. 

1844, 349. 
1845,361. 

1846, 370. 

1847, 378. 
1858, 412. 

per diem, pay. 73. 

patents in nands of, 102. 

justice of peace, 131. 
Mayor's commission, 17. 
McAdam Hugh, 153. 
McAllaster, Anson, 378. 
McAlpin, John, 333. 
McBnde, Mrs. William, 411. 
McBurnev, Mrs. Elizabeth, 366. 
McCabe & Holmes, 264. 

James, 269, 280. 

General James, 344. 

Linus, died, 305. 

Mrs. Linus, 277. 
McCall, H. S., 352. 

P., 378. 
McCammon, Enoch, 360. 

Mrs. William, 293. 
McCaflery, James, 409. 
McChesney, Margaret, 283. 

Rebecca, 288. 

McCleheran, Mrs. George, 373. 
McClintock, Mrs. John, 328. 
McClosky, Rev. Mr., 379. 
McClure, Archibald, ,273. 

James, 292, 303, 309, 345. 

Mrs. James E., 423. 

Mrs. , 323. 

McCollom, Robert, 340, 350, 361. 
McCotter, Mrs. Neal, 420. 



476 



Index. 



McCoy & Clark, 374. 
MeCrea, Messrs. Elizabeth, 370. 
McCulloch, Hathorn, died, Feb. '59 
Mr. Hathorn, 423. 
John, 355. 
William, 339. 
Mrs. W. S., 355. 
McDole, John, 243. 
McDonald, Angus, 423. 
Donald, 360. 
Margaret, 298. 

McDonough, Rev. James, 379. 
McDoual, Alexander, B., 334. 
McDugall, William, 247. 
McDowall, Jno., 348. 
McDuffie, Angus, 234, 237, 366. 
McElroy, Alexander, 381. 
Mrs. Alexander, 241. 
Margaret, 373. 
Maria A., 275. 
Peter, 375. 
Thomas, 246, 255, 260, 280, 281 , 
292, 300, 304, 312, 314, 370, 
417. 
William, 225, 246, 319, 340, 

349, 351. 

McFarlan, Robert, 284. 
McGlashan, Mrs. C., 295. 
McGourkey, Mary, died, 362. 
McGrath, Hugh, 258. 
McGuire, Thomas, 412. 
McHarg, Catharine, 415. 
Grizel, 344. 
Mrs. William, 277. 
Mclntosh, David, 409. 
E. C. 245. 

William, died, 307. 
Mclntyre, Archibald, 310, 415. 

J. McD., 304. 
McKaig, Mrs. Andrew, 431. 

Mrs. J. N., 420. 
McKay, Mrs. Mary, 288. 
McKee, Margaret, 272. 
Rev. Robert, 306. 
McKenna, Susanna, 281. 
McKercher, Mrs. Duncan, 428. 
McKilvey, Daniel, 325. 

Phoebe, 365. 
McKnight, John, 298, 303, 314, 327, 

340, 350, 362. 

McKown, James, 225, 231,237,251, 
254,262,281,310,380. 



McKissick, Mrs. S., 343. 
McLachlan, Agnes, 371. 

David, 280. 

D. M. 427. 

Mrs. Duncan, 230. 

Fergus, 230. 

Robert, 270. 
Mclaughlin, Eliza, 421. 

James, 258. 

William D., 295. 
McLean, Alexander, 379. 
McMannus, Mrs. B., 369. 
McMichael, Daniel, 136. 
McMillen, John, 282. 
McMullen, Andrew, 351. 

Thomas, 292, 294, 303, 317, 349, 
356. 

William, died, 412. 
McNaugthon, James, 232. 

Mrs. Angus, 321. 
McNoah, Jane, 274. 

Grace, 270. 

McPherson, Mrs. Charles, 336. 

George, 326. 

Mrs. Janet, 368. 

Murdock, 322. 
McQuade, Mrs. P., 261. 
Me Williams, Mrs. James, 428. 
Meacham, Erastus, 323. 

Mrs. Horace, 298. 

J., 297. 

John, died, 357. 

Mrs. John, 417. 
tfead, Huldah Ann, died, 377. 
VIeade, Charles Richard, 409. 
Meads, John, 232, died Feb. 1859, 

aged 82. 

VIeasures procured, 9. 
Mechanics' convention, 319. 

& Farmers' B'k, 189, 201, 207. 

meeting, 318. 
Medical College, 169, 256, 266, 278, 
280, 281, 350. 

application for incorporation, 
257. 

opened, 287. 
VIeech, Mrs. H. T., 424. 

Horace, 255, 314, 327. 
Meeker, Rev. Hiram, 232, 236. 
Melius, Andrew W., 408. 
Memorial on the public distress, 
123. 



Index. 



477 



Merchant. Henry, 295. 

G. AV.,344. 

Merchants, principal, SCO. 
Men-meld, George, 292, 303, 314. 

James, died, 305. 

Thomas V. /,., 366. 
Merril, John W., 278. 
Mesick, Mrs. 11. T., 341. 
Message, competion for, 265. 
Metals, statistics of, 398. 
Methodist church burnt, 290. 

new, 353. 

Washington street, 322. 

Episcopal churches, 240. 

Protestant society, 235. . 
Middle alley, widening, 259, 260. 
Middlebergh, 83. 
Middle Dutch Church, 257, 262, 

410. 

burial ground, 258. 
Miles, John, 342. 
Military Association, 262. 

at Clarkesville, 21-9. 

company parade, 406. 

posse, 319. 

sent to Hudson, 358. 

stores, &c., 97. 
Milk, price raised, 261. 
Millbank, James, 300. 
Miller, Abraham, O., 264. 

Alexander, 161. 

Andrew, 334. 

Anna, 344. 

Mrs. Charles, 325. 

Christian, 268, 357, 441. 

Harvey, 375. 

Isaac L. K., 359. 

Jacob J., 246. 

Philip, 334. 

Richard, 138, 141. 

Mrs. S.irah, 376. 

Sii-annah, 300. 

William A., 228, 

William C., 440, 442, 450. 

Mrs. W. C., 275. 
Milliman, John, 378. 

Mrs. John, 331. 
Mills, John, 376. 

Col. John, remains buried in 

Capitol park, 351. 
Mills, Oliver, 421. 
Milton, Mrs. Mary, 367. 

41 



Milway, Mrs. Mary, 306. 
Vline discovered, 143. 
Mineral spring garden, 373. 
Mines, 398. 
Mink, Mrs. David, 326. 

Stephen G., 303. 

William, 349, 361. 
Mitchell, Edward, 270. 

Mrs. James L., 424. 

Mrs. William, 261. 
Mix, Stephen, 265. 

Stiles, 327, 340. 
Mixter, Daniel W., 377. 
Mockery, Mrs. Edward, 331. 
Moffit, Elizabeth, 378. 

Mrs. John, 378. 
Mohawk chiefs in Albany, 177. 

and Hudson rail road, 256. 

mode of traveling on, 220. 

valley, 173. 

steam propeller, 370. 
Mohawks, 172, 174. 
Mohiccans, 172. 
Money for defence, 183, 179. 

granted by assembly, 141. 
Monroe, George, 407. 
Monteath, George, 242, 378. 

George H., 228. 

William W., 340. 
Montgomery, Mrs. E.,,408. 

Jesse K., 307. 

hall, 304, 350, 358. 
Moody, Adonijah, died, 339. 

Le Roy D. L., 329. 

Lymau V., 278. 
Moor,* Mary H , 359. 
Moore, Andrew, 313, 314, 327. 

D. D. T., 422. 

Jacob, 372. 

Levi, 429. 

Mrs. L., 337. 
Moreau, M., 211. 
Morgan, John, 341. 

V J. B., 271. 

Hannah R., 243. 

Thomas, 317. 

Mrs. Thomas, 284. 

William, 245. 

Mrs. William, 254. 
Morgtn, capacity of, 170. 
Morrell, Mrs. James, 369. 
Morris, Capt. L. N., 376. 



478 



Index. 



Morris, Walter R., 279. 

W. R., & Co., 274. 
Morrison, Jane Ann, 309. 
Morrow, Mrs. Robert, 303. 
Morse, Mrs. George, 366. 

Mrs. Henry, 289. 
Mortality, 332. 

of October, 1846, 366. 

in 1845, 364. 
Mortara meeting, 431. 
Morton street excavated, 333. 

Mrs. Thomas, 411. 
Moquas country, 16. 

treaty, 10. 

Mortimer, Mrs. J., 259. 
Mott, Daniel, died, 266. 

Joseph B., 372. 
Moy, Along, 249. 
Muir, William, 279. 
Murders by Indians, 182. 
Murdock, Kben, 242. 
Murphy, Patrick, 252. 

Mrs. P., 331. 

Peter, 415. 

Murray, Mrs. James, 429. 
Musical instruments, 399. 
Museum, fire in, 2h9. 

founder of, 357. 

Mutual Insurance company, 258. 
Myndertse, Frederick, 50. 

J. F. t 114. 

Marta, 143, 152.1 
Myron, Elizabeth, 409. 
Names of city, early, 186. 
Nash, Mrs. George, 409. 

Philip, 342. 

National prejudices, 219. 
Native American ticket, 350, 362. 
Navigation, mode of improving, 
222. 

of river, 187. 

Negro regulations, 41, 68, 77, 97, 
141. 

wages, 95, 104. 
Nellegar, John B., 423. 

Mrs. John, 271. 

Hannah, 342. [303. 

Nelson, Arnold, 242, 279, 281, 292, 
Nessle, William, 333, 341, 370. 
Netterville, E. W., 409. 

John T., 407. 

Mrs. J. W., 260. 



New Amsterdam, 172. 

first fort, 172. 
New City, 221. 
New England tavern, 253. 
New, Thomas, 353. 
Newland, John, 228. 
Newcornb, David, 370. 

Mrs. D.. 322. 
Newman, Charles, 153. 

Henry, 232, 328. 
News, early, 264, 268. 

by rail" road, 346. 
Newspapers, 1840, 400. 
Newton, Mrs. Dier, 417. 

Isaac, 333, 373, 430. 

Mrs. John, 295. 

J. M., 314. 

Mrs. J. M., 355. 

William, 292. 
New York American, 310. 

Daily Advertiser, 400. 

Express, 264. 

regiment, 406. 

relief for, 251. 

State bank, 294, 302. 

winter route to, 337. [430. 

New World, steam boat, 409, 416, 
Nicholls, Mr., 311. 
Nichols, Henry, 374. 
Nicholson, Mrs. John, 431. 
Night watch, 135. 
Nimrod, steam boat, 229. 
Noble, L. P., 273. 
Normal school (see State Normal 

school). 

Normanskill, 164, 165, 173, 185. 
Northrop, William M., 376. 
Norton, Henry, 359. 

Lambert, 246, 447. 

John T., 240, 373. 

P., 230. 

Samuel, 334. 

Mrs. Samuel, 315. 

street, so named, 244. 

Titus, 417. 
North, Asahel, 297. 

America, steam boat, 246, 430. 

Dutch church, 236, 292, 324, 
bell, 284. [419. 

remodeled, 422. 

Market street, name changed, 
306. 



Index. 



479 



North Market street, paving of, 259. Orphan asylum benefit, 331. 
Pearl street, 239. incorporated, 243. 

River steam boat engine (pro- Orr & Cunningham, 433. 
bably some mistake in this| David, died, 284. 

otat*ii-ni_.nM 9d 3 



statement), 
Notes from newspapers, 225. 
Nott, B-njamin, 317. 

Dr. E., 208. 

Joel B., 257. 
Nott's stoves, 232. 
Norwich, steam boat, 359. 
Novelty, steain'boat, 232, 307. 
Noyes, Peleg, 235. 
Nugent, Mrs. Jane, 339. 
Nurseries and florists, 400. 
Nutt, Mrs. E., died, 345. 
O'Callaghan, Dr. E. B., 296. 
O'Connor, John, 424. 
O'Domioll, William, 424. 
O'Neil, John, 360. 
Oakey, Abraham, died, 285. 
Oaths of allegiance, 170. 
Oats, 399. 



Hugh, 153. 

Robert, died, 324. 
lOsborn, J., 303. 

John, 329. 

Mrs. Jeremiah, 298. 

William L., 327, 333. 
lOsborne, Mrs. W. F., 353. 
Ostagrago rock, 76. 
Ostensorium stolen, 302. 
Ostrander, Johannis, 16, 17, 28, 59. 

John J., 158. 

Johannis V., 38. 

P. H., 242. 

William, 287. 

JOuderkerk. JohannLs, 31, 32, 55,87. 
iOutscouts, 125. 
iOutwin, John, died, 359. 
Overslaugh, 222. 
i Owens, Mrs. Matthew, 366. 
Packard, Mrs. B. D., 308. 

Isaac, 369. 

Robert, died, 305, 365. 
Packer, Prentice & Co., 258, 276. 



Odeon, 376. 

Ohnowalagantle(Schenectady),l73. 

Oil for city, 243. 

Olcott, Mrs. Theodore, 266. 

Thomas W., 294, 302, 310, 319, Paddock, Lawrence, 348. 

390. Stephen, 240, 242, 305. 

Oldest town in U. S., 187. 
Oley, Christopher, 325. 

Mrs. C., 380. 
Oliver Elsworth, steam boat, 337. 



William H., 374. 
Paige, John Keyes, 236, 314, 343, 

350, 361, 370. 
Paine, Robert P., 278. 

John, jr., 13. Paintings, exhibition of, 407, 411. 

Mrs. K G., 359. [314. Pamerton, Jeremiah, 49. 

Olmsted, Charles S., 242, 269, 279, Paper money, 152. 
Mrs. C. S., 330. statistics, 399. 



Capt. D., died, 329. 

Mrs. David, 329. 

(i.-orgeG., 369. 
Omnibus, experiment, 261. 
Onderdonk, Rt. Rev. Bishop, 301. 
Oothout, Hendrick, 14, 167. 

J;ui, 9. 

Orange street fire, 277. 
Orchard produce, 400. 

street, 232. 
Ordinances, book of, 41. 

publication of, 41. 
Ore found, 143. 
Oregon, steam boat, 366. 
Organ, St. Peter's, 262. 



'Park street, name changed, 306. 
Parke, Mary, 373. 
Parker, Amasa J., 379. 

Mrs. D. N., 275. 

Elizabeth, 424. 

Mrs. E., 270. 

James, 227. 

Mrs. James, 328. 

John, 364. 

Mary M., 373. 

PhilipS., 410. 
Parks, Capt. Samuel, 369. 
Parmelee. Wm., 270, 310, 370, 378. 

Mrs. William, 3-24. 
Parr, Richard, 370, 378. 



480 



Index. 



Parsons, John D., 433. 

L. Sprague, 330, 352. 

Silas C., 424. 

S. H. H., 341, 350, 362, 433. 
Pasture, 38. 

fence, 91. 

grade discussed, 240. 

graded, 228. 

on the hill, 94. 

street in, 158. 

Patents in mayor's hands, 102. 
Patroon street, 228. 
Patroon's creek, 309. 
Patterson, Mrs. Daniel, 372. 

Mrs. George, 323. 

Mrs. John, 364. 

Josiah, 242. 

Thomas, 365. 
Paul, Mrs. Nancy, died, 359. 

Rev. N., died, 295. 
Paulus hook, 404. 
Paupers, 272, 291. 

(see almshouse). 
Paving and draining, 225. 

law, 34, 61. 

Streets, 22, 23, 64, 77, 79, 280. 
Pay of aldermen for treaty with 

Indians, 10. 
Pay den, Margaret, 411. 
Payn, Samuel, 260. 

Mrs. Samuel, 359. 

tavern, 289. 
Peace, treaty of, 184. 
Pearl st. Baptist church, 231, 232. 
house, 290. 
lot, 78. 
in 18CO, 192. 

Pearson, Rev. Thomas W., 284. 
Pease, E. H., 245, 259. 

James H., 370. 
Peck, Mrs. Allen P., 326. 

AlidaD., 326. 

Daniel, 300, 315. 

Hannah, died, 284. 

Mrs. James H., 326. 

Capt. W. H.,374. 
Peckham, R. W., 237, 252,269, 314, 

328. 

Peebles, Mrs. John, 273. 
Pemberton, Henry S., 421. 

house, 410. 

Jeremiah, 13, 14, 142, 143. 



Pemberton, John, 314. 

Sarah, 275. 
Penitentiary, 231, 350, 358. 

walls fell, 367. 
Penny paper, first, 247. 
People's line, 229, 366, 430. 
Pepoon, Mrs. Elizabeth, 334. 
Pepper, Isaac, 325. 
Perceval, Thomas, 331. 
Perriaguas in 1838, 276. 
Perry, Eli, 303, 314, 350, 362, 412. 

Erastus, 245, 415. 

Hiram, 242, 279, 290, 292. 

Oliver H., 375. 
Peters, Jesse, 343. 

Will, dines governor, 115. 
Peterson, Mrs. Susan, 419. 
Pettinger, Mary, died, 307. 
Phelps, Caroline M., died, 259. 

Mrs. Catharine, 315. 

Catharine, 369. 

Homer R., 349, 351, 361. 

Philip, 246, 273, 314. 

Philip, jr., 352. 
Philadelphia barges, 276. 

state fencibles, 282. 
Phileo, Lyman, 269, 376. 
Phillips, John, jr., 272. 

Levi, 251. 

Mrs. Washington, 325. 
Phillipse, A. D., 224. 
Phrenology, Combe's lectures, 300. 
Physician, salary of, 266. 
Pier, cut proposed, 256. 

damaged by ice, 378. 

petition to widen, 271. 
Pierce, P. W., 228. 

Horace, 327. 

Lemuel, 323. 
Pierson, Calvin, 317. 
Pike, Lydia A., 367. 

Mrs. Nicholas, 366. 

Mrs. George, 366. 
Pincott, Daniel, 334. 
Pitkin, Timothy, jr., 277. 

William H., 349. 
Pitman, Mrs. R. H., 336. 
Plain, 65, 91, 100, 102. 

lot No. 4 sold, 19, 21. 
Platt, Ananias, died, 326. 

Mrs. Josiah, 353. 
Plum, Allen, 298. 



Index. 



481 



Pohlman, Charles, 225, 272, 339. 
Daniel, 343. 
Mrs. Daniel, 368. 
Rev. H. N., 344. 
Pollard, Mrs. William H., 366. 
Police expenses, 430. 
justice, 333. 
office removed, 365. 
Pollock. Mrs. Elizabeth, 323. 
Pompey, slave, sold, 167. 
Pool, Mrs. Thatcher, 358. 
Poor, expenses of, 225. 
exhibition for, 411. 
tax, 291. 
Population, 365, 375. 

in 1688, 175 ; in 1800, 190. 
of county in 1825, 185. 
of city in 1825, 186. 
in J829, 186. 
in 1830, 248. 
1835, 248, 309. 
1840, 309, 398. 

Porter, Frederick, 242. [aged 89. 
Giles W., died March 11, 1859, 
James, died, 289. 
Mrs. J. K., 429. 
William, died, 322. 
Post office removed, 301. 
Potatoes, 399. 
Potter, Rev. Horatio, 236, 363. 

Mrs. Horatio, 379. 
Potteries, 399. 

Potters' field enclosure, 259. 
Pound, 87. 
Powder, house explosion, 25. 

sale of, 137, 171. 
Powel, Thomas, 122. 
Powell, C. F., & Co., 247. 
Power, Tyrone, 391. 
Powers, Mrs. Daniel, 229. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 380. 
Pratt, Mrs. Elsie, 331. 
Elisha N., 235, 265. 
Ralph, 292, 294. 
Ralph, & Co., 271. 
Prentice, Ezra P., 300, 310, 312. 
Presbyterian church yard, 154. 

bell-ringer, 259. 
Preston, Homer, 257. 
H. W., 290. 
John, 228. 
Price, John, 118, 159. 



Price, Rev. J. II., 234, 236. 
Primitive methodist church, 240. 
Printing offices, 1840, 400. 
Prior, Mrs. Thomas, 407. 
Prisoners, relief for, 42, 68. 
taken in Albany, 183. 
Proctor, William, died, 339. 
Produce, 1834, 386, 387. 
Provisions, 385, 386. 
Pruyn, Casparus F., 369. 
Mrs. C. F., 3 11, 325. 
Cornelia, 352. 
David, 277, 337. 
Francis, 308. 
Francis C., 270. 
Francis, jr., 18, 120. 
Jacob, 81. 
Jacob S., 260. 
Johamiis, 115. 
Johannis,jr., 60, 69, 133. 
Johannis S , 138. 
Mrs. John S., 297. 
John T., 412. 
J. V. L., 233, 264, 308, 311, 319, 

343, 345. 
R. H,, 281, 293, 305, 317, 370, 

378. 

Samuel, 9, J3, 14, 17, 151. 
Samuel, jr., 137. 
Colonel S., 314, 327. 
Mrs. S., 263. 
William G.. 240. 
Wilson & Vosburg, 328. 
Public buildings, 391. 
in 1825, 186. 

schools (see district schools), 
stocks, 106. 
wharves, 165. 
Puddy, James, 263. 
Pumps in State street, 363. 
Punch, corporation bill, 161. 
Purcell, James, 319. 
Putnam, J. A., *69, 314. 
Mrs. John S., 306. 
Rufus, 365. 
Pve taveru robbery, 345. 
Quackenboss, A. 1., 265. 
Mrs. A. I., 286. 
Adriaan, jr., 34. 
Johanuis, 34, 40, 62, 86, 87, 89. 
Johannis W., 91, 115. 
Peter, 40, 58. 



482 



Index. 



Quackenbush, Catalina, 323. 

Henry, 410. 

Isaac A., 315. 

J. N., 242, 254, 373. 

Dr. J. P., 412. 

N. N., 242, 279, 292, 303. 

Mrs. N., 353. 

Ten Eyck, 359. 
Quay street, opening of, 230. 
Quick trip to New York, 310. 
Quidley, Daniel, 245. 
Quit rent of city paid, 94. 
Radcliff, D. V. N., 314, 340, 361. 
Radliff, Henry, 160. 

Jacobus, 18,27, 43, 82, 141. 

(see Redliff). 

James, 160. 

Johannis, 14, 18, 43. 

(see Ridliff). 

Ragel, 14, 18. 
Radley, Lambert, 34. 
Rail road fare to New York, 377. 
loan, 346. 
speed, 296. 
Rain storm, 421, 425. 
Ram, John, 153. 
Ramsey, David D., 350, 362. 
Randall, Jane A., 326. 
Ran del, Mrs. John, 261. 
Random recollections, 189. 
Rankin, Mrs. William, 342. 
Rasey, Ammon, 258. 
Rathbone, Jared L., 287, 300, 302, 
303, 363. 

Joel, 340. 

S., 269. 

Rathbun, Joshua, 433, 438. 
Ravines, Ancient, 167. 
Rawdon, Clark & Co., 250. 
Rawson, Rev. James, 322. 
Raymond, Mrs. B. C., 380, 

Charles S., 361. 
Real estate, 35, 241. 
Records, city, 9. 

scraps from Dutch, 170. 
Recorder, 122, 140. 
Rector, Henry, 327, 440. 

Thomas, 278, 294, 407. 
Redecar, Hannah, 375. 
Redliff, Lambert, 31, 110, 113. 
Reformed presbyter'n church, 235, 
236. 



Reese, David M., 280, 287. 
Reese, John E., 319. 
Reed, Rev. Sylvanus, 433. 
Reid, Mrs. Alexander, 415. 
Regan, James, died, 315. 
Reise, Martin, 160. 
Relyea, Mrs. Simon, 381. 

& Wright, 375. 
Reminiscences of 1788, 219. 
Renaud, Mrs. L. G., 355. 
Rensselaer, Col. Jeremiah, 84. 
Rent, rate of, 103. 
Rents of city lands annulled by 

war, 17, 27, 32, 132. 
Repeal meeting, 352. 
Representative population, 375. 
Reston, John, 378. 
Reuse berg, 47. 
Revolutionary soldiers, 228. 
Reynolds, Jane, 346. 

John H., 429. 

Marcus T., 294, 307, 310, 319, 

374. 

Rhatigan, Mrs. Richard, 409. 
Rhode Island, steam boat, 262. 
Rhodes, Richard, 233. 
Rice, Mrs. J. T., 420. 

Mrs. Nahum, 325. 

William & Co., 240. 
Richards, William, died, 343. 
Richardson, Mrs. A., 350. 

Mrs. John, 372. 

John R., 365. 

Mrs. J. W ,407. 
Riding with sledges, 43. 

unruly, 62. 
Ridlitf, Jacobus, 31. 
Riggs, George B., 378. 
Rip Van Winkle, steam boat, 364, 
Rising, Austin, 337. 

sun tavei-n, 241, 258. 
Risk, Sarah, 254. 

River closed, 250, 265, 300, 324, 336, 
346, 358, 368, 401,431. 

improvement, city appropria- 
tion for, 229, 247, 272. 

open, 237, 257, 267, 275, 277, 
290, 301, 310,313, 323, 325, 
326, 341, 349, 359, 369, 375, 
377, 401, 409. 
Rivers and streams, 185. 
jRoad over Foxes creek, 74. 



Index. 



483 



Road, petition for new, 63. 
Roads, 396. 

repair of, 68, 79. 
Roark, Mary, 409. 
Robert L. Stephens, steam boat, 

243, 246. 
Roberts, Col., 126, 127. 

E. E. A., 427. 

Francis G., 252. 
Robinson, A. D., 352. 

B., 269. 

James, 242, 303. 

James W., 346. 

Mrs. Joseph, 372. 

Mrs. J. C.. 415. 

& Vanderbilt, 343. 

Mrs. W.,271. 

Thomas, 296. 
Robison, John, 153, 156. 

Johnny, 214. 

Rochester, steam boat, 296. 
Rockenstyne, Mrs. John, 289. 
Rockwell, Mrs. J. W., 266. 
Rodeau, Ann, 423. 
Roga creek, 165. 
Rodgers, Mrs. James, 284. 

Mrs. Hannah, 358. 
Rogers, H. G. 0., 327. 

died, 353. 

James, 425. 

William, jr., 62. 
Roggen, Peter, 324. 
Romaiue, Domine, 207. 
Romeyn, Rev. Dr., 207, 408. 
Rooney, P. B., 361, 370. 
Root, Arthur H., (70. 

Lyman, 324. 

Mrs. Lyman, 367. 
Rope walks, 3 9. 
Rose, James R., 329, 362. 
Rosoboom, Ahasu., 28, 38, 116, 121. 

Dirck A., 136. 

Gerrit, 136. 

Gen-it, jr., 41. 

Gysbert, 36. 

If. M.,62, 118, 120. 

Johannis, 17, 89. 

John, jr., 9, 10, 13, 14,72,81, 
92, 96, 98, 127. 

John, 100, 144. 

Joharmis G., 86, 121. 

Johll H., 139. 



Roseboom, J. M., 111. 

Robert, 41. 
Rosekranse, Abraham, 368. 

Abram. 380. 

Mrs. Abraham, 3G3. 

Mrs. Peter, 337. 

Richard, died, 316. 
Roser, Richard, jr., 380. 
Rosie (Jan), John, 14, 82. 
Ross, Mrs. Anna, 429. 

Evelina, 265. 
Rossiter, Nathaniel, 240. 

W. S., 255. 
Roth, Volkert, 262. 
Rotten row, fire in, 422. 
Round gangs, 122. 
Row at the theatre, 395. 
Rowe. Sanford, 273. 
Rubbish, ordinance against, 90. 
Ruby, John C., 407. 
Rum, price of, 98. 
tRumney, Robert, 50. 
Rumsey, John, 359. 
Rural cemetery consecrated, 355. 
Russell, Elihu, 279. 

Elisha, 242. 

Henry, 292, 303. 

Joseph, died, 286. 

John, 380. 

Joseph, 240, 263, died, 271. 

Mrs. Jubal T., 343. 

Matthew A., 417. 

Mrs. Mary, died, 301. 

R. C., 314. 

Thomas, died, 368. 

Mrs. Thomas, 377. 

T. & J., 368. 

Mrs. William, 286. 
Rust, Joseph A., 341. 
Ruttenkill, 57, 167. 

origin of name, 168. 

bridge, 129. 
Ruyten kill (see Rutten kill). 
Ryckman, Albert, 49, 89, 319. 

G. W., 242, 264. 

Harrnamis, 11. 

Lydia, 262. 

Margarette, 306. 

Petrus, 11, 13, 14, 17. 

Tobyas, 9, 13^ 14, 17, 21, 36, 
61, 120, 133. 

Wilhelmus, 307. 



484 



Index. 



Ryder, Mrs. Aaron, 424. 

Rye, 399. 

Sabbath ordinance, 29, 77, 97, 141 . 

school anniversary, 232, 273. 
Sacred music association, 291. 
Saddleries, 399. 
Safford, Nathaniel, 361. 
Sager (see Seger). 

Johannis, 74, 104. 
Salaries of city officers, 366. 

in 1836, 266. 
Salisbury, William, 367. 
Salt, 385, 386. 
Salter, John S., 266. 
Sand street fire, 420. 
Sanders, Barent, 99. 

Robert, 92, 103, 140. 
Sanderson, Levi, 371. 
Sandford, Giles, 269, 280, 292. 

Mrs. Giles, 331. 

Mahala, 268. 

Santvoort, Cornelius, 138. 
Saratoga, defences at, 182. 
Saraghtoge, 94. 

patent, 102. 

Sargent, Parker, 242, 269, 280, 327. 
Sarties killetje, 43. 
Satires, 197. 
Satterlee, E. R., 242, 269, 292, 314, 

327, 378. 

V. VV. R., 271. 
Saunders, Nancy, 324. 
Savage, Mrs. John. 2t8. 
Saw logs, 105. 

mill at Schaghticoke, 105. 
petition to build a, 31. 
Saxby, Evert, 86, 87. 
Sayles, Mrs. C., 424. 

Mrs. George M., 231. 

Mrs. G. M., 263. 
Sayre, Daniel, 412. 
Scalps, rewards for, 182. 
Schaats, Rev. Gideon, 171. 
Schaahkook, lot sold at, 18. 
rents at, 21. 

Schaghticoke', 31, 43, 48, 51,66, 67, 
69, 62, 71, 74, 77, 82,83, 86, 
87, 89, 105, 106, 108, 109. 

bounds run, 43, 

amount paid for, 42. 
quit rent, 94. 
Schaughnaughtada, 173, 188. 



Schenectady, 397. 

block houses, 184. 

expedition against, 175, 176, 
178. 

highway, 36. 

party waylaid, 184. 

rail road, 256, 289, 322, 346, 
373. 354, 358. 
cnange of terminus, 319. 

turnpike, 243, 320. 

(see fcjkenektedea. ) 
Schermerhoorn's pasture, 39. 
Scherp, Coenradt, 153. 

Jurie, 82. 

Schitfer, John C., 290. 
Schneller, Rev. Dr., 379. 
Scho I: arie precinct, 181. 
Schoolcraft, Henry R., 162. 

John L., 352. 
School house commissioners, 271. 
Schools, discussion respecting, 256. 

English, 219. 

expenses of, 225. 

east of Perry street, 230. 

infant, 230. 
Schoofl maker, Jacob, 378. 

J. S., 242. 
Schooners, 357. 

in 1838, 275, 287. 

in 1840, 309. 
Schuyler, colonel, 126, 167, 182. 

superseded, 181. 

Cornelia, 109. 

Cortland, 422. 

David A., 69. 

general, 203, 413. 

Harmanus, 150. 

Jacobus, 82. 

John, jr., 65, 85,89, 93. 

Mrs. L. L., 308. 

major, 177, 178, 179, 180. 

Myndert, 14. 

Nicholas, 16, 43, 44, 94. 

Peter, 81. 

colonel Peter, 223. 

Peter P., 72. 

colonel Philip, petition to, 84. 
108. 

S.,231. 

captain Samuel, 329. 

Stephen P., 369. 
Scott, Mrs. James, 241, 



Index. 



485 



Scott, Uri, 284. 

William B., 314, 327, 340, 362. 

378. 
Scovel, Mrs. Charles, 379. 

Ilcxckiah, 23f>. 

Scoville, Nelson W., died, 307. 
Scows, 276, 287, 357. 
Scudder, Dr. John, 336. 
Sculpture, exhibition of, 407, 411. 
Seal city, 93, 96, 103, 133, 145, 149. 
of 3d Dutch church, 442. 
Seaman, Mrs. Isaac, 291. 
Seaver, Mrs. H. H , 322. 
Second Dutch church, 243, 357. 

Dutch church bell, 226. ' 

methodist prot. church, 284. 

presbyterian church bell, 363. 
repaired, 378. 

sabbath school, 345. 
Sedgwick, Mr., 217. 
Seger, Johannis, 14, 18, 20, 26, 31, 
52, 55, 67, 59, 70,73, 88,91, 
93, 94,97, 100, 111, 116, 118, 
119, 120, 121, 127, 129, 131, 
136, 138, 140, 144, 161, 152. 

Roelof, 139. 

Thomas, 161. 
Selkirk, Mrs. F. N., 326. 

Mrs. James, 351. 

John, 305. 

Server, Robert, 433, 438. 
Servis. ; , Alderman, 428. 
Seward, W. H., 285. 
Seymour, Edwin A., 289. 

Norman, 278. 

Timothy, 279. 

William, 242, 248, 250, 269, 

271, 272, 281. 
Shallow, Thomas, 294. 
Shankland, P.V., 247, 261, 273, 277. 
Sharpe, Jacobus, 130. 
Sharp, J. H., 428. 
Sharts, Charles, 411. 

John, 269, 279, 314. 
Shaw, D. D., 269, 327. 

Mrs. J F.,259. 

Mrs. John, 277. 

Jonathan, 342. 

Milo, 292. 

Mrs. N. B., 350. 

Mrs. Robert, 375. 

Samuel, 247. 



Shaw, William H., 231. 

William, 44. 
Shaw's rope, walk burnt, 264. 
Sheldon, Mrs. Alexander, 365. 

Mary Ann, 431. 
Shell, Mrs. E. 331. 
Shelley, Mrs. Samuel, 334. 
Shear, Christian H., died, 1859. 
Shelton, Dr. Henjamin, 301. 
'Shepherd, John, 153. 

murderer of, 294. 

Phoebe, died, 265. 

Robert, 242, 278. 
Sherman, Mrs. Abel, 277. 

Rev. C., 236. 

Cynthia R., 270. 

Watts, 226, 350, 362. 

Mrs. Watts, 284. 
Sheriff, 29, 42, 61, 86, 90, 131, 138, 
141, 374. 

1834, 237. 
Sheriff's commission, 17. 

posse, 298, 299. 
Sherwood, Mrs. Richard. 326. 

William, 332. 

Shevlin, Dennis, 409. 
Shields, Mrs. Adam. 357. 

Daniel, 246. 

Shiffer, Mrs. Mary D., 366. 
Shingles, 385, 386. 
Shipboy, Thomas, 320. 
Ship canal, 409. 
Shoemaker, Magdalene, 331. 
Siamese Twins, 244. 
Sickles, Mrs. Cooper, 428. 

Daniel, 232. 

Mrs. James, 302. 

Thomas, 163. 
Simpson, John, 313, 327. 

Dr. S. W.,421. 
Sitterly, Isaac, 369. 
Sixbury, Evert, 95, 110, 113, 128. 
Skenektedea, elements of word, 

163, 280, 292, 294, 327. 
Slack, Granville, died, 305, 417. 
Slave C?esar, 156. 

regulations, 97. 
Slaves sold, 166, 157. 

how early owned, 170. 
Slawson, Mrs. R. L., 348. 

Mrs. W. F., 380. 
Slingerland, D. B. 260. 



486 



Index. 



Slingerland, Mrs. II., 419. 

Isaac, jr., 158. 

John I. 374. 

W. 1., 262. 

Teunis, 23. 
Sloops, 357. 

in 1838, 275, 287. 

capacity of, 187. 

passengers limited in, 171. 
Small pox in 1663, 170. 
Smith, Albert A., 332. 

Mrs. Andrew, 407. 

Mrs. Benjamin F., 373. 

Charles, died, 328. 

Rev. Charles, 236, 259, 348. 

Daniel, 327. 

Eliza E., 359. 

Mrs. George, 407. 

Mrs. Henry, 303. 

Israel, 245. 

J. Stanley, 406. 

Jeremiah, 371. 

Mrs. Jeremiah, 302. 

J. jr., 314. 

John D., 307. 

Legrand, 361. 

Margaret, 321. 

Mrs. Mary, died, 303. 

Melancton, 153. 

Mr., 147. 

Nathaniel, 339. 

Mrs. N., 301. 

Peter, 407. 

Mrs. Peter, 282. 

Philip, 429. 

Mrs. Urania, 347. 

William, 233. 

William, died, 306. 
Smyth, Mrs. Charles, 374. 

Charles T., 301. 
Smoking, 192, 193. 
Snell, William, died, 243. 
Snider's creek, 83. 
Snobs, 197. 

Snow, Mrs. Ephraim, 308. 
Snow, 250, 322, 345, 349, 406, 429. 

early, 263. 

in 1836, 252. 
1841, 315. 

removed from streets, 343. 

storm. 339. 

18 inches, 237. 



Soap and candles, 399. 
Society, old, 196. 
Soil and aspect, 185. 
Soldiers, ill-behavior, 126. 
Sorel devastated by Schuyler, 177. 
Soulden, William M., 248. 
South America, steam boat, 215, 
430. 

quick trip, 351. 

baptist church, 347. 

market, 316, 333. 

street, number of passen- 
gers in one dav, 304. 

Pearl street widened* 326. 
Southmayd, John, 231. 
Southwick, Arthur C., 301, 303, 
317, 338, 368. 

Hannah, 347. 

Solomon, 205, 275, 294, 298. 

Solomon W., 245. 

Wilmarth, 343. 

Mrs. Wilmarth, 347. 
Soup house, 288, 291, 342. 
Spalford, Mrs. H. G., 301. 
Spanish bells, 277, 283. 
Sparling, George G., 431. 
Spears, Timothy, 280, 292, 350, 

362, 378. 
Specie payment resumed, 279. 

scarce, 270. 

Spelman, B. R., 305, 428. 
Spencer, Ambrose, 205. 

Mrs. Ambrose, 272. 

Hannah, 348. 

James C., 440. 

& Co., John, 200. 

Mrs. John, 376. 

John C., 435. 

Martin, di^d, 337. 

William, 262, 369. 
Spirits, 385, 386. 
Spontaneous combustion, 274. 
Spoor, Johannis, 61, 72. 
Sprague, Rev. W. B., 228, 232, 236, 
246, 268, 322, 408. 

Mrs. W. B., 273. 
Spring near fort, 109. 
Springer, Mrs. Michael, 429. 
Springsted, Aaron, 337. 
Spouts to houses cut off, 196. 
St. John's church, 303, 379. 
St. John's stables burnt, 284, 301. 



Index. 



487 



St. Mary's church, 259, 379. 
St. Peter's, bethel meeting at, 300. 
church abandoned, 427. 
organ, 25*2. 

erected 1803, demolished 
. 1869. 
St. Paul'lchurch, 234, 259, 263, 265, 

290, 301, 334,413, 428. 
St. Nicholas society, 233, 264, 308. 

steam boat, 369. 
Staats. Abraham, 60. 
Abraham P., 323. 
BarentG.,died, 307. 
B. P., 231, 242, 258, 269, 292, 

303, 332, 342, 349. 
B. P., mayor, 327, 329. 
Gerrit, 133. 
Isaac, 29, 137. 
Peter B., 247. 269, 279, 292. 
Wm. J., died, 305. 
William N., 412. 
William W., died, 303. 
Stack, James, 421. 
Stafford, Hallenbake, 2-10. 
J. & S., 200. 
Mrs. Joab, 338. 
Mrs. Jonas, 274. 
Spencer, died, 348. 
Stages compete with rail road, 320, 

321. 

ran on ice, 256. 
Standish, Zechariah, 429. 
Stanton, G. W., 286, 318, 349. 

W. B., 314, 327. 
Stamvix hall, 354. 

opened, 351. 
rail road dinner, 324. 
Starkey, Rev. T. A., 428. 
Starks, Argalus W., 327. 
Stark's tavern burnt, 284. 
State dock, 191. 

hall square, 244. 
house square, 232. 
normal school, 256, 349, 358. 
street baptist church, 353. 
market abolished, 274, 

disturbed, 3 14. 
proposal to change grade, 
pumps, 363. [333. 

Staves, 386. 

Stead, Mendw.ll, died, 36G. 
William, 255, 314. 



Stead, Mrs. William, 66. 
Stebbins, Rev. S., 236. 
Steam boat fare, 71, 228. 
experiment, 269. 
great freight, 415. 
landing, 316, 333. 
lines, 271. 
new line, 229. 
number of, 272. 
quickest trip, 351. 
speed, 263. 264, 296. 
Steamboats, 301,357. 

in 1838, 275, 287. 

1840, 309. 

speed, 246, 247, 263. 
canal* boat, 421. 
organ, 417. 

propeller, quick trip, 370. 
Steele, Mrs. Abby, 270. 
Atword, 346. 
Mrs. Eliphalet, 331. 
Lemuel, 271. 

Mrs. Lemuel, 242, 314, 360. 
Lemuel L., 346. 
Mrs. L. L., 226. 
Levi, died, 293. 
Oliver, 281. 
Mrs. Oliver, 290, 431. 
Roswell, 378. 
Samuel, 450. 
Tempo, 262. 
Stenhouse, Jacob, 37. 
James, 11, 20, 61. 
Stephens, Nathaniel, 153. 
Stevens, George M., 344. 
Hannah, 371. 

Samuel, 281, 311, 319, 345. 
Mrs. Samuel, 287. 
Susan, died, 287. 
Stevenson, James, 49, 50, 120, 122, 

150, 151, 152. 
James, sheriff, 17. 
James, 236, 241, 257, 390. 
Nancy, 337. 

Stewart. Alexander, 421. 
A. L, 277. 
Gilbert, 200. 
Mrs. Finlay, 339. 
John, 44. 
Mary, 274. 
Mrs. S. H., 250. 
Robert, 299. 



488 



Index. 



Stewart, William H., 364. 
Stillman, William L., 321. 
Stilwell, Capt. S., 250. 

Mrs. William, 378. 
Stillwater land gold, 87. 
Stirling, lord, 41?, 418. 
Stockadoes, 97, 98, 104, 107, 109, 
117, 126, 136, 137, 172. 

dimensions of, 117. 

mode of building, 110. 

penalty for destroying, 113. 

price of, 45, 47. 

how to be set, 45, 46, 47. 
Stocks, 106. 
Stockton, John, 381. 
Stone, Daniel D., 339. 

John, 243. 

W. L., died, 353. 

William P., 326. 
Stoney island, 71. 
Stoops in 1840, 309. 
Store lane, name changed, 244. 
Storey, Edward, 412. 
Storke, Samuel, 66. 
Stores in 1825, 186. 
Storrs, Dwight, 537. 
Stottler, Mrs. John, 331. 
Strain, Capt., 299. 

David, 355. 

Maria, 326. 

William, 284. 
Strong, Jesse, 169, 418. 
Strangers, law concerning, 61, 95. 

regulations for, 134. 
Straw, Mrs. James N., 372. 
Street, A. B., 350. 
Streets, cleaning, 61, 77, 136. 

drains to, 79. 

opened, 102. 

ordinance to pave, 22. 

paving of, 64. 
Strickland, Mrs. 0., 324. 
Stringer, Dr., 192, 289. 
Strong, Mrs. Joseph, 238. 
Strong, A. M., 282, 310. 

Michael, 267. 

W. N.,330, 342. 
Stryker, Mrs. James B , 379. 
Stuart & Parsons, 433. 
Sturgeon, 191. 

Stuyvesant's account of early set- 
tlement, 187. 



j Sugar, 399. 

Sugden, Elizabeth, 342. 
! Sullivan, John, 42. 
Sumner, W. R., 429. 
Sunday police, 259. 

regulations, 41. 

school celebration, 246. 
Superintendents salary, 356. 
Supreme court, justices of, 379. 
Surnames, confusion of, 170. 
Survey of boundaries, 141. 
Sutherland, Judge, 248, 363. 
Swain, Robert, jr., 288. 
Swallow, steamboat, 262, 263, 264, 
290. 

wrecked, 361. 
Swan, Samuel, 363. 

street cemetery, 352. 

Meth. Ep. church, 424. 
Swart, Rev. I., 296. 
Swarte creek, 165. 
Swayzey, Samuel, 360. 
Swedes settle Kinderkook, 181. 
Sweep, deed of a negro, 156. 
Sweet, Nelson, died, 306. 
Sweg, garrison, 150. 
Switts, Hester, 137. 
Swits, Isaak, 140, 143. 
Sykes Asaph, 261. 
Syms, captain, 179. 
Synagogue, first, 31 5, 316. 
Taaffe, John J., 407. 
Taber, Azor, 321, 419. 

Mrs. Azor, 234, 305. 
Tahopatatea, Iroquois name for 

Hudson river, 163. 
Talbot, Robert, 340. 
Tallman, Britton B., 269, 273. 
Talmadge, George, 406. 
Tamhenick's creek, 

(see Tomhanick). 
; Tanneries, number of, 398. 
Tan pitts, 76. 
Tar barrels, 230. 
Tavern keepers, 29. 

licences, 41, 62, 96. 
'Tawasentha, 165, 166. 
Taxes, 275, 297. 

in 1835, 250. 

in 1836-9, 291. 

in 1845, 367. 

in 1847, 375. 



Index. 



489 



Tayler, John, 205, 367. 
Taylor, James, 450. 

John, 281, 319. 

Mrs. John, 339. 

Mrs. Phoebe, 226. 
Taylor's brewery clock, 422. 
Teall, E. M., 262, 340, 349. 

Oliver, died, 333. 
Teeling, William, 232. 
Telegraph steam boat, 325. 



Ten Eyck, Jacob H., 89, 92, 96, 
121, 127. 

Henry, 159. 

Jacob H., 241, 361. 

John H., 100, 111, 118. 

Tobias, 135, 136. 

Visscher, 292, 294, 303, 321 ,340. 
Terrell, H., 364. 
Test signed, 28. 
Teunisse, Egbert, 102. 



Temperance celebration, 317, 330, Teymesse, Bastien, 129. 

364. I Thatcher, George W., 376. 

House razed, 350. Thayer, William, 120. 



Society Youth's, 362. 
Temperature, 237, 251, 281, 326, 
3S6, 337, 347, 406, 409, 421, 
431. 

high 281, 282. 

in winter, 325. 
Tempest, 42 1,425. 
Temple, R. E., 327, 340, 361. 
Tenant, Mrs. S. M., 246. 
Tenantry dispersed by war, 132. 
Ten Broek, age of the name, 171. 

Cornel is, 86. 

Cornelius, 264, 279, 292, 301, 



Cornelius, 235. 

Ezra, died, 272. 

Theatre, 234, 235, 241, 393 

new, 376. 

proposed, 290. 

reopened, 229. 

row, 393. 
Thies, E.. 333. 
Third Ref. Prot. Dutch church,236, 

252, 268, 302,321,440. 

presbyterian church, 277, 283, 
349 353, 367. 



303, 308, 314, 327. 
Dirk, 9, 80, 128, 142. 
Dirck I., 59. 
Edgar B., 320. 
general, 199, 419. 
Henry, 96. 
Johannis, 72, 74, 79, 81, 86,92, 

96, 100, 143. 
Street, 232. 

burial ground, 351. 
Ten Eyck, Anthony, 85. 

Barent, 103, 121, 127, 130. 

Barent H., 160. 

Conradt A., 233, 275, 281, 292 

Conradt, 116, 127, 131. 

Conraet, 168. 

Jacob, 41, 60, 65, 61, 69, 73, 98,' 



Thomas, Mrs. Ann, 310. 

Benjamin, 279, 292, 314, 327, 

Mrs. Edwin, 311. [361. 

Hannah, died, 342. 

Mrs. John, 342. 

Mrs. Richard, 376. 

William, 263. 

Wm. J., 428. 
Thomas's cooperage, 272. 
Thompson, Elizabeth, 371. 

James, 160. 

John, 269, 356. 

Margaret, 363. 

Mrs. Robert, 300. 

William, jr., 241. 
Thorburn, William, 269, 279. 
Thorn, Stephen, 277. 

S. T. 269, 279, 292. 



100, 102, 108, 109, 111,139,1 Mrs. Wiliiam, 355. 
141, 143, 147, 151, 152. (Thorp, William, 381. 

Jacob C., 13, 28, 30, 111, 114, Thorpe, Aaron, died, 317. 
116, 118, 120, 121, 127, 129, Tibbets, Benjamin, 236. 



130, 133. 
Jacob C. , appointed major, 131. 
Getty 294. 
Mrs. Harmanus, 229. 
Hendrik, 60, 79. 



Tiergaea creek, 165. 
Tienenderoge, 70, 73, 74, 76, 79, 

115, 119. 
creek, 16. 

(see Jenonderogo). 



[Annals, x.] 



42 



490 



Index. 



Tienenderogue, deed of, 62, 54. 

land, price of, 16. 
Tiffany, Augustus J., 412. 
Tillman, Richard, 278. 
Tillotson, Thomas, 205. 
Tilt, Thomas, 344. 
Tilyou, Jonathan, 267. 
Timber, 385, 386. 
Tobacco, statistics of, 398. 
Todd, Adam, 279, 292. 

Mrs. Adam, 358. 

Catharine E., 294. 

Mrs. William, 302. 
Tomhanick creek, 74, 75, 105. 
Tomlinson, Abraham, 431. 
Tompkins, Bridget, 431. 
Tonnage, 357. 

in 1840, 309. 

by canal, 385. 

Tontine coffee house, 201, 210. 
Torch light procession, 228, 313, 
Tow boats, 357. [381. 

first, 348. 
in 1838, 275, 287. 

1840, 309. 
Towers, T., 244. 

Town clerk, 120, 145, 146, 148, 149. 
Tows, Mrs. Francis, 347. 
Townsend, Ambrose S., 319. 

Charles D., 306. 

Mrs. C. D., 249. 

Emily, 343. 

Franklin, 354, 378, 428. 

Frederick, 228. 

Gen., 295. 

Isaiah, 276, 303, 370, died, 200. 

John, 257, 263, 264, 270, 295, 
319, 327, 390. 

John P., 279, 291. 

Joseph L., 240. 

Robert, 228. 

Samuel, died, 245. 

house, 358. 

Townsend's furnace, 360. 
Tracey, John, 337. 
Tract society formed, 245. 
Trade with distant posts, 389. 
Trainor, P., 342. 
Transportation, 400. 

cost of, 338. 
Travel accelerated, 296. 

in 1664, 171. 



Travel, quick, in 1839, 296. 
Traver, George, 326, 328, 378. 

Hiram, 290. 

Tread well, George C., 258, 274. 
Treat, Richard S., 270, 291. 

Mrs. R. S., 289. 
Trees, planting of, urged, 228. 
Tremper, Gertrude, 261. 

Mrs. Julius, 427. 
Treolskill, 159. 
Trespass on city lots, 11, 12. 
Trespassers on city forest, 105. 
Triger, Maria M., 429. 
Trinity church, 296. 
Tripp, Elijah, 367. 
Troops arrived from Montgomery, 
299. 

quartered in markets, 121. 

on citizens, 121. 
Trotter, Catharine A., 312. 

John, 269, 281. ' 

John H., 308. 

Matthew, 317, 347. 
Trowbridge, Henry, died, 357. 
Troy, 188. 

citizen corps, 406. 

population of, 365. 

Tyrone Power's notion of, 396. 

military, 299. 

& Schenectady rail road, 243. 

steam boat, 316. 
Truax, De Witt C., 373. 

Mrs. Edward, 369. 

Henry, 235. 

Mrs. Henry, 367. 

Jacob, 168. 
Try on, Jane A., 369. 
Tucker, Mrs. Luther, 348. 
Tuffs, Israel, died, 234. 

Joshua, 346. 
Tufts, Nancy, 424. 
Tunnel company, 257. 
Turley, James H., 274. 
Turner, James, 415. 

Mrs. James, 407. 

Mrs. Henry, 326. 
Turnverein festival, 420. 
Tweddle, Mrs. John, 378. 

William, died, 372. 
Tweed Dale, William A., 231, 342. 
Twightkook, 72. 
Tyler, Moses, 279 f 372. 



Index. 



491 



Tyler, Oscar, 374. 
Types cast by steam, 365. 
Unionist, the, 307. 
Unitarian society, 345. 
Umversalist church dedicated, 229. 
improved, 431. 

convention, 230. 
Upton, John, 406. 
Utica citizen corps, 406. 

house, 270. 

steamboat, 301, 313, 340, 
Utter, Mrs. Zebulon, 345. 
Vail, Mrs. Samuel, 428. 
Valentine, Elizabeth, 424. 
Van Allen, Anna M., 425. 

Harman, 273. 

Johannis, 45. 

John A., 252. 

Peter, 50, 82. 

Van Alstyn, Jan, 27, 43, 47, 57. 
Van Alstyne, John S., 308. 

Mattnew M., 366. 

Reynier, 121. 

Thomas W., 429. 
Van Antwerpe, Lewis, 136. 
Van Benthuysen, Mrs. B., 271. 

C., 361, 378. 

Gerrit, 11, 29, 72, 89, 92. 

Jacobus, 89, 93. 

Mrs. Henry, 318. 

James P., 243. 

0. R., 269, 365. 

P., 349. 

Mrs. Sarah, 274. 
Van Brakel, Guysbert, 44. 
Van Brunt, Rev. R., 442. 
Van Buren, Ephraim L., 349. 

Hendrick, 128. 

John, 236, 264. 

Mrs. John, 356. 

Mrs. J. M., 326. 

John W., 386. 

Martin, 295. 

Peter, 3 13, 314, 340. 

P. & H. B.,271. 
Van Buskirk, Amos F., 257. 
Van Cott, Philemon, 341. 
Vanderbelt, Cornelius, 343. 
Vandenburgh, Cornelius, 128. 

Cornelius G., 96. 

Cornelius Clase, 118, 145. 

Gerrit, 102, 127, 



Vandenburgh, Gerrit C., 41, 85, 92, 
96, 99, 100, 111, 119, 120, 121, 
122. 126, 131, 139. 

Guysbert, 110. 

Johannis, 28, 38. 

Maria, 260. 

Rutger, 128. 

Volkert, 128. 

VolkertG., 136, 143. 

Wilhelmus, 18, 35, 110, 111. 

William, 325. 

William G., 93, 136, 151. 

William, jr., 119. 

W. W., 131. 

Wynant, 14, 67. 
Vanderheyden, , 12& 

(now Troy), 221. 

Jacob, 136. 

David, 118, 120. 

D. M., 136. * 

Johannis, 81, 127. 

Matheys, 18. 
Vanderhoof. Mrs C., 300. 
Vanderlip, Mrs. Elias, 261. 

Hannah, died, 261. 
Vanderpoel, Isaac, 228, 243, 364, 

James, 257, 344, 390. 

S. 0., 429. 

Van Der Zee, Anthony, 129, 151. 
Vandeusen, Abraham, 62. 

Abraham H., 67. 

Francis, died, 275. 

Mrs. Francis, 275. 

Hendrick, 29, 69. 

H. Jacobse, 35. 

John, 151. 
Vandriese, Eva, 1 15. 
Van Driessen, Rev. Peter, 39, 69. 
Van Dyck, Arent, 42, 104. 

H. H., 318, 340, 350, 370. 
VanEpps, H. V. D., 411. 
Van Heusen. Catharine A., 353. 
Van Heusenburgh, Mrs. S., 319. 
Van Hoesen, Volkert, 116. 
Van Ingen, Hannanus, 225, 44'2. 

James, 337. 

Philip Schuyler, 377. 
Van Loon, Barent, 246. 

Mrs. Barent, 281. 

Edward, 313. 

Isabella, died, 280. 

Dr. John W., 319. 



492 



Index. 



Van Ness, Cornells, 90. 

Gerrit, 120, 121, 122, 127, 129. 

Hendrick, 90, 102, 103. 

HendrickG.,67. 

John, jr., 242, 280, 370. 

Mr. 356. 

Mrs. Nancy, 379. 
Van Olinda, Elizabeth, 108, 162. 

Dr. Henry, 373. 
Van Ostrande, Johannis, 9, 13, 43 

60. 
Van Rensselaer, Adaline, 406. 

B. S., 242, 308. 

Mrs. B. S., 424. 

Rev. Cortland, 233. 

Elsie, 285. 

Elizabeth, 313. 

Col. Henry, 90. 

Jeremiah, 14, 42, 199. 

John S., 308, 318, 340, 342. 

Mrs. J. S., 362. 

Killiaen, 108. 

Mrs. K., 134. 

Killian H., 232. 

Killian K., 363. 

Maunsell, 228. 

Mrs. Nicholas, 363. 

P. S., 241, 281. 

Rensselaer, 233, 268, 297. 

Richard, 237, 264. 

Mrs. Robert, 364. 

Schuyler, 257. 

Mrs. Schuyler, 230. 

Gen. Sol., 233, 287, 290, 313, 
339. 

Mrs. Solomon, 300. 

Stephen, 199, 245, 255, 268. 

Mrs. Stephen, 353. 

Stephen, jr., 227, 267, 259, 310, 
331, 342, 350, 390, 440, 441. 

Westerlo, 352. 

Mrs. William P., 240. 

Guards, 299, 368. 
Van Sante, Gerrit, 21, 22. 

Gerrit, jr., 150. 

Johannis, 139, 143, 160. 

Joseph, 120, 121. 

Gysbert, 12, 13, 15, 16. 
Van Santvoord, Cornells, 140. 
Van Schaack, John, 440, 442, 450. 
Van Schaick, Anthony, 15, 64, 79. 

Catrina, 15. 

Anthony S., 40. 



Van Schaick, Gen., 240. 

Goose, 28, 38. 

G. W., 166. 

Jacob, 119. 

Jno. B., 233, 241, 262, 264, 274, 
280, 282, 287. 

J. B., & Co., 268. 

Levinus, 267. 

Myndert, 262. 

Nicholas, 135. 

Mrs. Stephen, 338. 

street fire, 284. 

Sybrant, 69, 61, 121, 124, 126. 

Sybrant A., 103. 

Sybrant G., 60, 118, 119, 127, 
129, 130, 134, 140. 

Wessel, 72. 
Van Schelluyne, Corn's, 111, 199. 

C., died, 320. 

Willem, 62. 
Van Scherluynse, Geertruy, 23. 
Van Slechtenhorst, Barent, 170. 
Van Schoonhove, Dirck Bratt, 141. 

John, 264. 

Mrs. J., 263. 

J. C., 264. 
Van Steenbergh, H. H., 311. 

Mrs. J. B., 229. 
Van Veghten, Dirk, 56, 116. 

Johannis, 92, 99, 120. 

Abraham, died, 203, 205, 233, 
264, 266, 382. 

Mrs. Abraham, 336. 

A., 308, 346, 350. 

Benjamin, 119. 

Cornelis, 142, 143. 

Dowe, 133. 

John, 96, 100, 111, 118. 

Harme, 29, 105, 116. 

J. T. B., 262, 310. 

Leendert, 56, 104. 

L. G., 272. 

Samuel, 303, 352, 366. 

T., 105, 106. 

Teunis, 246, 266, 270, 281, 286, 
302, 306, 308, 310, 313, 314, 
318, 337, 382, 390. 

died Feb. 4, 1869, aged 73. 

hall, 358. 

Van Vlieren, Jeronimus, 88. 
Van Valkenbergh, Isaac, 136. 

Jacobus, 86. 

J., 292, 327. 



Index. 



493 



Van Valkenbergh, John, 296. 
Van Voast, Albert, 269. 
Van Vorst, John, 349. 
Van Vranke, Uldrick, 45, 62. 
Van Vranken, Dirkje, 142. 

Maus R., 153. 

Van Vrankin, Mrs. D., 348. 
Van Woert, Jacob Claes, 74. 
Van Woort, Andries, 86, 114. 
Van Wie, Mrs. Benjamin, 349. 

Mrs. C., 350. 

Garret W., 330. 

Isaac, 306. 

John V.D. H.,308. 

Peter, 290. 

Mrs. Rachel, 331. 
Van Wormer, Frederick, 319. 
Van Zandt, Gerrit R., 304. 

John, 250. 

John, died, 412. 

Mrs. John, 312. 

Joseph R. ? 254. 

Mrs. Lansing, 344. 

Myndersen, 346. 

Mrs. William, 431. 

Mrs. W. W., 365. 
Vance, George, 318. 

George, jr., 305, 337. 
Varney, Julius A., 367. 
Vedder, Charles A., 421. 

Maria, 429. 

Simon, 51,92,96. 
Vegetable market, 415. 
Verbeek, Jan, 17. 
Verf bergb, lot sold at, 19. 
Vermilye, Rev. E., 246, 268. 
Verplank, David, 49, 112. 

Uuilleyn, 28, 29, 38, 43, 44, 
74,79,97, 104, 117, 135. 

Isaac, 81,92, 127. 

Jacob, 51. 

Isaac D., 253. 

William, 137. 
Viele, Hugo, 77, 104. 

Mrs. John L., 273. 

Lewis, 74, 75, 94. 

Peter, 84, 104, 114, 115. 
Visscher, Mrs. E. J., 336. 

Gerrit, died, 319. 

Jacob, 64, 90, 119, 120. 

Johannis, 50, 51, 61, 111. 

Johannisjr.,9, 10, 13, 17. 



Visscher, John, died, 352. 

Lansing, 307. 

Mrs. MT, 313. 

Mrs. Sebastian, 277. 

Teunis, 41, 93. 
Visger. Bastiaan, 23. 

Jonannis, 14. 
Volunteers in 1745, 183. 
Von Steinwehr & Hodgins, 423. 
Voorhees, William, 364. 
Vosburgh, Abraham, 23, 40, 95. 

Abraham, died, 375. 

Mrs. Abraham, 362. 

C., 269, 303. 

John, 232. 

Mrs. I. W., 283. 

William, died, 295. 
Voters, domiciliary law, 93. 

increase of, 356. 

number of, in 1834, 232. 

in 1835, 248. 
1846, 375. 

Vredenburgh, Jane, 241. 
Waddell, James, 366. 

John, 257. 

Mrs. S., 295. 

Wads worth, William A., 424. 
Wadley, Eben S., 325. 
Waide, James, 346. 
Wait, Mrs. George, 308. 

Mrs. Liberty, 268. 
Waldron, Peter, 138. 

William, 21,22, 42,85, 89. 
Walker, Mrs. Ann, 359. 

Henry R., 380. 

Richard, 338. 

Mrs. Richard, 368. 

Willard H., 255, 286. 
jWall around the city, 45, 58. 
Wallace, Benjamin, 153. 

J. G.,282. 

Nicholas, 407. 
Walsh, Dudley, 200. 

Francis, 307. 

James, 248. 

John S., 242. 
Wands, Burgess, 279. 

Charles R., 317. 

James, 261. 
War ceased in 1747, 184. 

distress occasioned by, 123. 

expenses, 131, 132, 144. 



494 



Index. 



War of 1744, 182. 
Warford, Eli, 370. 
Ward, Isaac S., 363. 

Moses B., 301. 

bill, 243. 

election, 104 (see Election). 
Wards, project to make ten, 312. 
Wareing, Mrs. William, 415. 
Warner, E. C., 370. 

Mrs. E. C.,409. 

Owen, 371. 

Warren, George, 269, 279, 340, 370. 
Washington artillerists, 334. 

hall, 238, 355. 

parade ground, 408. 

riflemen, 358. 

st. meth. ep. church, 322, 329. 
Washington's birthday, 408. 
Washingtonians celebrate 4th July, 



Waterman, Robert, 228. 
Waters, John, 50, 103, 116, 153. 

Thomas P., 420. 
Walters, Elizabeth, died, 288. 
Watson, Elkanah, 196, 219. 

Miss, 234. 

Mrs. George C., 234, 246. 

Howard, 429. 

Richard, 301. 

Robert D., 362. 

Samuel, 349, 361, 370. 

Mrs. S. V. R., 359. 

Thomas, 271. 

Waugh, Thomas, died, 311. 
Wax, 399. 
Weaver, Bethana Ann, 374. 

Mrs. Caleb, 415. 

John, 339. 

Stephen S., 406. 



Wasson, G. W., 355. 

J. B., 234. 

J. D., 231, 237, 242, 244, 297, 
328, 339. 

James G., 246, 264. 

John G., 346. 

W. G., died, 241. 
Watch, alterations in, 35. 

in 1787, 169. 

expenses, 1834, 225. 

fires, provision for, 97. 

night, 61. 

ordinances for, 41, 42. 

regulations, 26, 28. 

Salaries increased, 250. 

wood and candles for, 94. 
Watches badly kept, 108. 
Watchmen, 50, 73. 
Watkins, Thomas, 370. 
Water, high, 170. 

introduction of, 370. 

lots to be let, 69. 

laid out, 61. 

power, 390. 

project of introducing, 309, 370, 



Weather (see Temperature). 



375. 

run, 103. 

street fire, 420. 

works company, 244, 350. 
Waterffleet, 35. 
Watering place, 292, 333. 
Waterman j Jeremiah, 245. 



Webb & Dummer, 347. 

George, 302. 

Henry L., 347, 374. 

Henry Y., 360. 

John G., 274. 
Webbs, Messrs., 200. 
Webster, Dr. A. S., 302. 

Mrs. Daniel, 406. 

Charles R., died, 227. 

Mrs. George, 342. 

Horace B., 341, 346. 

James R., 334. 

Joseph, 261. 

Loren, 288. 

Matthew H., 241, 248, 372. 

Philo S., 266. 
Weed, Geo. W., 270, 293, 315, 380. 

James B., 228. 

Mrs. Joseph, 331. 

Smith, 251, 294. 

Mrs. Thurlow, 420. 
Weights and measures, 9, 10, 109. 
jWemp, Jan, 70, 73, 79. 
Welch, Rev. B. T., 236, 245, 246, 

Thomas, died, 321. |310. 



Welden, Mrs. Joshua, 258. 

Mary, 247. 

Joshua, 320. 
Well, 109. 

in Joiicker street, 66. 

in 2d ward, 91. 

petition for, 27. 



Index. 



495 



Wells, Mrs. Henry J., 411. 
Wendell, Ariantje, died. 316. 

C. W., 428. 

Elizabeth ,307. j Whelpley , H. C. , 303, 370. 

Evert, 11, 12, 20, 21, 42, 52, 69, Whipper, common, 77, 98, 108. 



iWheaton, Henry G., 233, 297, 302, 

313, 356. 
Wheeler & Bromley, 351. 



), 112, 113, 141. 
Evert, jr., 119, 139. 
Evert Johannis, 139. 
Evert H., 128, 137. 
Gertrude, 274. 
H., died, 325. 



[264. 



Hannanus, 67, 68, 92, 140, 143, 

Hannanus, jr., 131. 

H. C., 271. 

Harmanus H., 137, 261. . 

Harmanus J., 136. 

Herman, 233. 

Jacob, 74, 115, 119. 

James 0., 283. 

Johanuis, 126, 143. 

Johannis, jr., 127. 

Johannis E., 10, 14, 28, 38, 43, 
50,61, 139. 

Johannis E., jr., 62. 

John I., 281. 

John Jo., 111. 

John Jacob, 431. 

John L., 269. 

John Y., 310. 

Mrs. Peter, 374. 
West, Mrs. Joel, 424. 

Rensselaer, 340, 350, 378. 

Stockbridge rail road, 261, 262, 
266, 287, 293, 294, 302, 324, 
330, 384, 388. 
Wescott, Samuel, 361. 
Westerlo, Rev. E., 194, 247. 

street church, 440. 



salary, 119. 
Whipple, A. D. L., 349. 

Barnuin, 286. 

Mrs. J. E., 336. 

Capt. O. , 285. 
White, Andrew, 327, 340, 370, 378. 

Joel, 417. 

John, 369. 

Mrs. Nathaniel, 371. 

Peter, 426. 

William, 415. 
Whitehall road opened, 180. 
Whiting. William, 279. 
Whitlock, Robert, 349. 
Whitney, Charles E., 356. 

Chauncey, 327. 

James F., 314. 

Mrs. John G. } 350. 

Mrs. Selleck, 375. 

Walter, 372. 

Mrs. Walter, 359. 
Wickes, Jonas. 334. 
Wightman, John H., 366. 
Wilber, Zara, 409. 
Wilcox, Daniel, 242, 252. 

Sylvester, 353. 

Airs. Sylvester, 250. 
Wilder, Ephraim, 279, 421. 

& Hastings, 279, 421. 

Hastings & Co., 254. 

John N., 254, 421. 
Wildman, Fanny, 294. 

Mrs. W. W., 294. 



Western rail road (see West Stock- Wiley, Samuel, 431. 



bridge.) 

trade, 347. 

Westervelt, Peter, 325. 
Weston, William, 245. 
Whalen, Nicholas, 331. 
Wharf association, 155. 
Wharfage rates, 155. 
Wheat/147, 385, 386, 399. 

auction sale of, 47. 

price of, 45, 56. 

in 1733, 36. 

sale of, 21,83,84,86,91, 116. 

sold to poor, 96, 98. 



Wilkeson, Samuel, jr., 364. 
Wilkinson, Thomas, 67. 
Willard, Maria L., 308. 

S. D., 429. 

Sophia, 300. 
Willett, Ann E., 376. 

Ed. S., 249, 251, 343, 447, 460. 

Mrs. Edward, 372. 

Elbert, 157. 
Williams, Ann. died, 363. 

Mrs. David, 363. 

Harriet A., 368. 

H. A., 242, 269, 279, 378. 



496 



Index. 



Williams, Israel, 231, 246. 281, 300, 
303; 342. 

John, 96, 146. 

Pieter, 141. 

Richard, 30, 43, 44, 62, 67, 59. 

Thomas, 89. 

Thomas, jr., 131. 
Williamson, Cornelia, 339. 

John, 258. 

Rev. J. D., 236. 
Williamstadt built, 186. 
Wills, Frank, 432, 437. 
Willson, Richard, 65. j 

Rev. J. S. R., 235. 
Wilson, Benjamin, 242. 

Mrs. Benjamin, 331. 

Henry A., 236. 

James, 359. 

John, 376. 

Mrs. John A., 260. 

J. Q., 263, 286, 302, 310, 314, 
318, 323, 337. 

Joseph, 270, 280. 

Mrs. Joseph, 239. 

Lavinia A., 286. 

Mrs. Richard, 319. 

Mrs. Stephen, 252. 

Mrs. Thomas, 334. 
Winton, Mrs. Janet, 311. 
Winants, Josiah, 236, 269, 279, 327, 
350. 

Wind, high, 411. 
Win^, Mrs. Joel, 273. 

Mrs. J. K., 380. 
Winne, Cornelia A., died, 341. 

Mrs. Cynthia, 325. 

Mrs.D. I., 265. 

Capt. Peter, 84. 

Daniel R., 136. 

David P., 342. 

Dirck, 51. 

GK K , 327, 362, 370. 

Mrs. James, 282. 

Jan, 15, 44, 70, 96. 

Mrs. Jellis, 232. 

Jellis 0., 297. 

John, 273. 

John C., 274. 

John L., 242, 327, 351. 

Kiliaen, 110, 119, 120. 

L. G., died, 356. 

Levinus, 62. 



Winne, Marie, 104, 107. 

Maria, 374. 

Marritie, 57. 

Marte, 105, 108. 

Philip, 71, 104. 

& Nelson, 260. 

Dr. N. V., 420. 

Peter, 103. 

Rachel, 63. 

Rebecca, died, 361. 

widow, 63. 

William, 292. 

William, 138. 

Mrs. William B., 361. 
Winters of 42 years, 401. 
Wiswall, Capt. S.. died, 260. 
Witbeck, Abrarn, 51. 
Wittbeck, Abraham, 23. 

Johannis, 100, 104. 

L. T., 133. 

Wollensack, Moritz, 369. 
Wolves, 164. 
Wood, Anna, 361. 

Mrs. Anna, 377. 

Betsey, 358. 

Bradford R., 281, 337, 346. 

David, 323. 

Daniel, 257. 

Elizabeth, died, 319. 

James, 371. 

Mrs. James, 295. 

Lucinda, 361. 

Mrs. Robert, 330. 

Mrs. Thomas J., 319. 
Wood statistics, 385, 386. 

quantity sold, 399. 

price of, 128. 

rangers, 125. 

Woodruff, , 378. 

Woods of manor, liberty in, 134. 
Woods, Mrs. Mary, 412. 
Woodworth, John, 205, 245, 390, 
418. 

Mrs. John, 373. 

Westerlo, died, 372. 
Wool, 399. 

Woolensack, Andrew, 371. 
Wooster, David, 349. 
Worcester, John, 380. 
Worth, Gorham A., 189. 
Worthington, Dennison, 236,. 265, 
340, 349, 358. 



Index. 



497 



Worthington, Mrs. D., 290. 
Wraxel, Teter, 146, 146, 147, 148, 

149. 
Wright, Ebenezer, 242. 

Mrs. John, 277. 

Joseph J., 422. 

Mrs. Mary, 331. 

Robert, 153. 

Thomas, died, 376. 
Wyckoff, David, 362. 

Rev. I. N., 262, 264, 268, 308. 
Wynkoop, Mrs. Evert, 360. 

James L. 341. 
Wyngaert, Gerrit, 72. , 

Johannis, 23, 60, 61, 69,97, 98. 

Luykas, 16, 99, 129. 

Luykas, ir., 82. 

Luykas J'se, 74. 
Yaete, Abram, 120, 121, 141. 
Yates, Abram, jr., 167. 

Adam. 90. 

Rev. Andrew, 441. 

Christopher, 116. 

Evert,373. 

Mrs. Henry. 370. 

Rev. John A., 260. 

John C., 264, 343. 

Mrs. Henry, 32U 



Yates, John B., 416. 

Mrs. John W., 204, 369. 

Joseph, 100, 130. 

Joseph, jr., 11, 14. 

Joseph Johannis, 141. 

Judge, 203. 

Luykas, 127. 

John V. N., 203, 263, 287, 
343. 

Mrs. John V. N., 379. 

Richard, 370. 
Yankee innovations, 196. 
jYeates, Johannis, 93. 
jYetts, Adam, jr., 69. 
i Yoncker street bridge, 79. 
|Yonds, Mary, 419. 
Young Christian's manual, 254. 

patroon, 342. 

men's association, 243, 300, 305, 

352,364. 
Young & Ehle, 266. 

Margaret, 309. 

Mrs. Priestly, 340. 

T., 438. 

William A., 370, 429- 
Zieckelsy, Zechariah, 60, 61, 73, 

93, 95. 
Zodiac published, 245. 



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