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ANNALS OF 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 

1278 1900 



BY 

CHARLES SAYLE 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 
CAMBRIDGE 

1916 



u*^ 

^v^ 



REPRINTED FROM 'THE LIBRARY' OF ig^S 



o 



TO 

FRANCIS JENKINSON 

Who first taught me to appreciate the significance and human 
interest which underlies all that is contained in the term 

THE PRINTED BOOK 



466534 



PREFACE. 

THE colledion of notes, from which the present 
is an extradl, was commenced at the request of 
Mr. Jenkinson, more than nineteen years ago 
(21st August, 1896). It received every encouragement 
from the late Registrary, J. W. Clark. At one period, in 
fad, the whole manuscript was placed in Mr. Clark's 
hands, at his urgent desire, in order that it might receive 
such treatment as his particular knowledge and energy 
should think fit. But it was too late. The manuscript 
came back to me at his death pra6lically untouched. Mr. 
Clark's notes, compiled after he had decided upon the 
task, are now MS. Add. 5090. He also colleded and 
bound in 1 90 1 a chronological series of documents relating 
to the library. 

*The learned and industrious authors who have hitherto 
investigated the antiquities of Cambridge, are all silent 
touching the foundation of the University Library.' With 
these words the writer of the preface to the first volume 
of the Catalogue of Manuscripts, published in 1856, 
commences his remarks. Since that date a good deal has 
been printed. First, the Catalogue of Manuscripts itself, 
in five volumes, taught a good deal. In 1869 Henry 



vi PREFACE. 

Bradshaw published seven papers in the * Cambridge 
University Gazette.'' In 1870 Dr. H. R. Luard printed 
his * Chronological List of Graces.' In 1886 appeared 
the chapter in the ' Architedlural History of the University 
of Cambridge,' by Willis and Clark, which contains all 
that is necessary to know, and probably all that we ever 
shall know, relating to the buildings. 

As to the books, C. H. Hartshorne's ' Book-rarities of 
the University of Cambridge' (1829) had contained a 
little. That work, admirably conceived, would have been 
a monumental work had not its author been compelled to 
prepare in haste what should only have been compiled at 
leisure. As it is, it still remains the only book on the 
bibliographical colle6lions in the University as a whole, 
and it is much to be desired that a new edition of it 
should be undertaken.^ 

The few notes, which are all that are at present offered 
to the reader, grew out of an article printed, almost 
accidentally, in the 'Cambridge Review' of 2nd December, 
1 9 14, and reprinted four days later in pamphlet form. 
At the suggestion of Mr. Madan, Bodley's librarian, a 
copy was sent to * The Library,' and Mr. Pollard offered 
the hospitality of its pages to a compressed account of the 
Cambridge collection. But for him, as it seemed, this 
book would not have appeared. Yet on the very day on 

' Afterwards printed as No. 6 of his 'Memoranda' (1881), and again 
in the ♦ Collected Papers' (1889). 

' The work is so far incomplete that it merely deals with five librarieSj 
namely, the University Library, King's, the Pepysian, Trinity, and 
St. John's. 



PREFACE. vii 

which the first pamphlet was issued, a generous friend 
in India wrote to me offering to defray the expenses 
of printing the volume. That friend was Mr. Alwyn 
Scholfield. 

C. S. 
6 May 1916. 



POST-SCRIPT. 

It is, I hope, not necessary to say that in compiling these notes 
I have had before me always one great exemplar for admiration 
and imitation. The Rev. W. D. Macray's ' Annals of the Bodleian 
Library,' first published in 1867, and re-edited in 1890, serves as 
a model of painstaking research in a subjeft which, after all, is 
but a backwater of history. 




ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE UNI- 
VERSITY LIBRARY. 

O secular libraries in England are so 
ancient as those which grew up in the 
Universities. The University collec- 
tion at Oxford dates back to 1337, 
and though 1424 is the date usually 
assigned to the commencement of our Public 
Library, yet references to colleftions of books at 
Cambridge date back far earlier. Some of these 
we shall quote, adding also notes as to the founda- 
tion of different colleges and their libraries, in 
these Annals of the University Library, in order 
to illustrate its surroundings. 

1278. 
Shortly before this year Nigel de Thornton, a 
physician, gave to the University part of the 
ground upon which the Library now stands.' 

1286. 
Hugh Balsham, bishop of Ely, and Founder of 
Peterhouse, left by his will to his scholars ' many 
books in divinity and other sciences.'^ 

' ' Archite6tural History of the University of Cambridge,' by 
Professor Willis and J. W. Clark, iii, 3. 

^ Dr. J. B. Mullinger, 'The History of the University from 
the Earliest Times,' i, 228 «. 



2 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1293. 

Queen Eleanor, wife of King Edward I, gave in 
this year the sum of 100 marks, thereby associating 
her name with a chest for the use of members of 
the University. These chests play a peculiar part 
in the history now under consideration, for books 
were often deposited as the ' cautiones,' or pledges, 
by means of which money could be borrowed for 
payment of a fee or other purposes. 

A list of these chests is given in T. Fuller's 
' History of the University of Cambridge,' ed. 
Prickett and Wright (1840), p. 130: 

Chest. Donor. Time. 

Billingford Richard de Billingford 1400 

Blide William de Elide 

Blondel John de Blondel, redor of Clifton 
St. Botolph Thomas of St. Botolph's 
Darlington [Cf Caius MS. 82] [n.a. 1400] 

Ely John de Ely, Bp. of Norwich 1320 

Exeter Thomas Beauford, Duke of 1401 

Exeter 
Fen [Hugh Fenn, Cf. 'Endowments,' [n.a. 1480] 

1904] 
Gotham William de Gotham, Chancellor 1376 
St. John [Cf. Caius MS. 10. U.L.C. Ff [n.a. 1388] 

6. 20] 
Ling Richard de Ling or Harling, 1352 

Chancellor 
^ I (Walter Neele, citizen of London ( 

iNeele |johnWhithorn,re6lorofHalstead )' ^^^"^ 

The Queen Queen Eleanor 1293 

Ronbery Gilbert Ronbery [Cf Caius MS. 91] 

St. Trinity William Bateman, Bp. of Ely 1348 

This list differs materially from that printed in 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 3 

the ' Endowments of the University of Cambridge,' 
ed. J. W. Clark (1904), pp. 554 seq. 

In Dr. James's Catalogue of the MSS. at Caius 
College, the ' cautiones ' noted in thirty manu- 
scripts are fully described. Among these other 
chests, Lufnam (MS. 2), Vaughan (14), Turbervile 
(14), Countess of Warwick (257), Lincoln (293), 
Gylford (444), and Wynton apud Oxon (479), are 
named. All of these (except Lufnam) relate to 
Oxford. See H. Anstey, 'Munimenta Academica' 
(1868). On the chests see also J. W. Clark in 
C.A.S. 'Proc' xi, 78-101. 

1294. 
In the ' Institutiones' in Caius College Library' 
occurs the ' cautio ' : 

Pignus Johannis de Hann' impignoratum in communi 
cista pro viii s. In crastino annunciationis dominice 
a.d. m°. cc. nonagesimo quarto. 

1300. 
Thomas de Insula, bishop of Ely, gave a large 
Bible to Peterhouse this year.^ 

A ' cautio ' of this year occurs in a manuscript 
in the library : 

Cautio magistri Johannis de Hodon exposita in cista 
de . . . die sabb. proxima ante festum omnium san6torum 
pro xj anno domini 1305.'' 

' M. R. James, 'Catalogue,' ii, 631 (no. 600). 
^ C.A.S. ' Proc' ix, 398. 

3 MS. Ff. 3. 28. The name of the chest is erased with very 
great care, Stc post 1307, 



4 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1307. 
A second ' cautio ' occurs, in the manuscript 
already quoted, under this year : 

Cautio Henrici de . . . et Walteri de . . . exposita 
in cista domini Roberti et magistri W . . . pro x solid, 
die sabbati proxima ante festum Sandi Edmundi regis et 
martyris anno domini 1307.' 

A half-obliterated ' cautio ' of this year remains 
in a manuscript of Aristotle's ' Physica ' in Caius 
College.^ 

1324- 
This year saw the foundation of Michael House, 
afterwards part of Trinity College ; and in 1326 was 
founded University Hall, afterwards Clare Hall. 

1333- 
A volume of commentaries on the Decretals in 
Caius College (MS. 257) became a 'cautio' for 
the Countess of Warwick's Chest. 

1337- 
With the foundation of King's Hall in 1337, 
and Clare Hall in 1338, our record of books and 
libraries becomes fuller (see the entries for 1394 
and 1355). 

1344- 

The statutes of Peterhouse, dated this year, class 

the books of the Society with the charters and 

muniments. The regulations for their safety are 

set out in full by J. W. Clark, ' Care of Books,' 

PP- 134-5- 

' MS. Ff. 3. 28. See ante 1305. The chest has not yet been 
identified. - MS. 452. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 5 

1346. 
December. A Vatican manuscript of Anselmus 
' De veritate, Cur deus homo,' contains the follow- 
ing ' cautio ' : 

Cautio fratris lohannis de Wynch, exposita ciste de 
Blida pro quinque solidis die sabbato proximo post festum 
sande Lucie virg. anno domini m° ccc° xlvi'" et habet 
suplementum Reynaldum cum ledura quinque librorum 
decretalium in eodem volumine cooperto albo coreo in 
asseribus.* 

1346-7- 
March 23. Another MS., ' Quodlibeta,' in the 
same colleftion has the ' cautio ' : 

Cautio fratris Johannis . . . ordinis sand:i augustini 
exposita ciste de Neel pro xxvi "sol . . . et habet suple- 
menta libros Anselmi et summam Reymundi secundum 
consuetudinem dicfti. . . .- 

^ 347; 
February 1 5. Before this date the University 

possessed buildings on the north of the site of the 

Old Quadrangle, for a lease of this date speaks of 

' our great schools in School Street ' (' de magnis 

scholis nostris in vico scholarium '). The date of 

foundation is not recorded, but Sir Robert Thorpe, 

first Master of Pembroke Hall, and afterwards 

Lord Chancellor of England, is said to have laid 

the foundation stone.^ 

' MS. Ottob. 103. See H. M. Bannister, *A Short Notice 
of some MSS. of Cambridge Friars,' etc. (British Society of 
Franciscan Studies, v, 124-40). 

2 MS. Ottob. 196, ut supra. 

3 Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, lO, See post 1372. 
Pembroke Hall was founded in this year. 



6 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1348. 
Gonville Hall, the home of many manuscripts, 
was founded this year. 

1350- 
WiUiam Bateman, bishop of Norwich, in 
founding Trinity Hall in this year, added a gift of 
eighty-four books. The catalogue of these has 
been printed.' The books were kept in a chamber 
at the east end of the chapel.^ 

December 21. Bishop Bateman also gave books 
to Gonville Hall, the second foundation of which 
took place on this day. 3 

John of Tyrington, one of the original staff 
of fellows in 1351, also gave Peter Lombard's 
' Sententiae ' (no. 279).+ 

1352. 
Richard de Ling, Chancellor of the University in 
the years 1339, 1345, and 1351, founded a chest. 5 

' M. R. James, 'Catalogue of MSS. in Trinity Hall' (1907). 
See also G. E. Corrie in C.A.S. 'Comm,' II, 73. These were 
in two divisions, (i) for the use of the fellows, (2) for the bishop 
during life. See J. W. Clark, ' Care of Books,' p. 144. 

- Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 411. 

■'' Two books given by him still remain. See M. R. James, 
Descriptive Catalogue, Vol. I, Intro, p. vii. For the history of 
the library see Dr. J. Venn's 'Biographical History,' III, 189-95. 

4 Venn, op. c'lt. Ill, 282. 

5 See J. W. Clark in C.A.S. ' Proc' xi, 97. The date is given 
by Fuller nt supra. Prickett and Wright give his name as Richard 
de Herling, and give R. Parker as the authority for the name of 
Lyng, who states that he was Archdeacon of Norwich, and died 
in 1354. See Nichols's edition, who quotes Perne. There is a 
portrait of Richard de Ling in the University Library, presented 
by a Mr. Patterson, of Hull, in 18 10. For the use made of his 
chest see Caius College MSS. 2, 10, 82, and 412. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 7 

November 7. This day was founded Corpus 
Christi College. 

1355- 
This year Elizabeth de Burgh, Lady of Clare, 

presented to her foundation,' besides service 
books, 

* I Hugucion, I Legende sandorum. i poire de 
decretals, i livre des questions, et xxxii quaiers d'un 
livre appelle, De causa Dei contra Pelagianos.'' 

1362. 
Michael Causton, Chancellor of the University, 
1362, and Master of Michael House, gave eight 
manuscripts to Caius College. 3 

1364. 
About the year 1364 books w^ere presented to 
Pembroke Hall by William Styband, elefted fellow 
between 1347 and 1364. The list of works pre- 
sented to the college during the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries has been printed. + 

1365- 
On the fly-leaves of a copy of the 'Inforciatum' 

in Caius College Library ^ are the following 

' cautiones ' : 

1. Richardi de Derham . . . ciste de Lyng . . . 
a.d. 1394. 

2. Joh. Ne6lon . . . ciste S. Trinitatis . . . 138 1, 
with par decretalium and libri Anselmi. 

' E. Edwards, < Memoirs,' i, 374. Gottlieb, ' Mittelalt. Eiblio- 
theken,' p. 401. 

^ John Nichols, ' Colledlion of Wills,' 1780, p. 31. 

3 Venn, 'Bio2;. Hist.' iii, 282. 

4 G. E. Corrie, ' A List,' etc., in C.A.S. ' Comm.' 11, 13 (1864). 

5 M. R. James, ' Descriptive Catalogue ' (1907), i, 2. 



8 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

3. Name erased, and Mag. Joh. de Wodehylle . . . 
ciste de Lufnam . . . 1365. 

4. Original name erased, Nicholai Cleye substituted 
. . . in cista de Nel . . . 1370. Supplement: Hugo 
in albo coopertorio. 

John Lynsted, reftor of Cawston in Norfolk, 
gave to Gonville Hall the ' Distinftiones Simonis 
de Boraston ' and Gregory's ' Moralia.' ' 

1373-4. 
Dr. Adam Lakenheath, chancellor, 1373-4, gave 
two MSS. (nos. 295 and 466) to the same institution. 

1372. 
June 29. Sir Robert Thorpe, who had laid the 
foundation of the north schools, dying this day, 
left 40 marks to the University. With this sum, 
and other help, the walls were carried up nearly to 
the level of the first floor, when the work was 
stopped for some years for want of funds. ^ 

1376. 
August 21. Thomas de Eltisle, first master of 
Corpus Christi College, dying this day, left to the 
college all his books. He was noted for his liberal 
donation of books to the college during his master- 
ship. 3 

Sunday^ ^une 16. During the rising in East 
Anglia the rioters who, in the previous April, had 
broken into the University Treasury and abstrafted 

^ M. R. James, 'Descriptive Catalogue' (1907), i, 2i and 33 
(nos. 27 and 40). - Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 10. 

3 R, Masters, 'History of Corpus Christi College' (1753), App. 
p. 20. H. P. Stokes, 'Corpus Christi College' (1898), p. 26. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 9 

many valuable charters and muniments, which they 
burnt, entered the monastery of the Carmelite 
Brothers, which stood on the site now occupied 
by Queens' College, and seized a chest standing in 
their church, full of books and valuables, belonging 
to the University.' The value of these was after- 
wards estimated at £20. It is not possible to 
claim that these books were of a literary as apart 
from a domestic or liturgical characSler. 

1390. 

A 'Digestum Novum' in Caius College contains 
no fewer than eight ' cautiones ' of various years 
extending from 1382 to 1390. The ' cautio ' of 

1 390, which is the longest, reads : 

Cautio M. Will. Somersham . . . ciste de neel pro iii 
It . . . 1390 et habet 2 supplementa viz. inforciatum et 
unam peciam argenti cum quinque cocliaribus et preculis 
argent.^ 

Walter Harlyng, re6tor of Mattishall about 

1 39 1, gave a copy of Aristotle's ' Physica ' (MS. 
452) to the same society. 

1394. 
At King's Hall, eighty-seven volumes are enumer- 
ated in the library this year.3 

' British Museum, Arundel MSS. 350, fol. 15-18. Quoted in 
Edgar Powell's 'The Rising in East Anglia in 1381 ' (1896), 
pp. 50-62. 

- MS. 10, This manuscript was exhibited by J. W. Clark to 
the Cambridge Antiquarian Society on 25th January, 1904. See 
C.A.S. ' Proc' xi, loi. 

3 J. W. Clark, 'Care of Books' (ed. i), p. 144. 



lo ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

^396. 
A book which deserves mention at this point is 
the ' Tretis of viij chapitres necessarie for them 
that given hem to perfeccion, which was founden 
in a book of Maister Lowes de Fontibus at Cante- 
brigge, and turned into Englisch bi Maister Water 
Hilton of Thurgarton.' The author of this treatise 
is otherwise unknown. The manuscript, once 
Stillingfleet's, is now in the British Museum. The 
death of Hylton is ascribed to about this year, and 
the reference is therefore given here.' 

.^397• 
Before this year WilHam Pickworth, provincial 

prior of the Dominicans in England, had written 

the following note in a manuscript, ' TracStatus 

metaphysices,' now at the Vatican : 

Iste liber est fratris Wilh. Jpicworth ordinis predica- 
torum quern propria manu scripsit quando erat studens in 
conventu Londoniensi et vol. quod incatlnetur in comuni 
libraria Cantebrig. . . .^ 

1398. 

^une 20. Before this date Sir William Thorpe 
(brother of Sir Robert) and his wife, Lady Grace 
Thorpe, finished the Divinity School, together 
with a chapel, ' perfe6tly,' and ' caused also the 
windows to be glazed.' For this benefadlion, on 
this day, Eudo de la Zouch, Chancellor of the 
University, agreed that Masses should be said on 
6th and 19th May of each year for the repose of 
their souls. ^ 

'Tanner, 'Bibl. Brit.' 425. Herbert, ' Typ. Ant.' 262. 
D.N.B. xxxvi, 436. - MS. Ottob. 862, ut supra. 

^ Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, lo-ii. Mr, Clark states 
that 'the west window still (1886) contains the Royal Arms in the 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. ii 

1400. 
From 1400 to 141 8 Thomas de Castro Bernardi 
was Master of Peterhouse. He is probably the 
donor of a ' Liber Decretorum ' and ' Decretales ' 
found in the first catalogue of 1424. 

1408. 
In Higden's Polychronicon (no. 82) at Caius 
College is the note ' Caucio M" H. Osborne, ex- 
posita ciste Lyng, 1408.' 

1412. 
Richard Pulham, master of Gonville Hall, 
1 393-141 2, gave two volumes of Aristotle to his 
college (458, 509).' 

1415. 
William Loring, prebendary of Lincoln, left to 
the Common Library all his books of Civil Law. 

Item volo quod omnes libri mei Juris Civilis remaneant 
in communi libraria scolarium universitatis Cantebrigg' 
in perpetuum.- 

It has been conjedlured that William Holler, 
vicar of Halvergate in Norfolk from 141 5-1426, 

centre, flanked by those of Thorpe.' The shields have not been 
there these twenty-five years, and four are those now inserted 
in the west windows of the tower, eredled over the old gateway of 
King's College, rebuilt by Pearson in 1890. 

' Venn, ' Biog, Hist.' iii, 282. 

^ Lambeth Wills: Chichele, part i, fol. 290b. He made other 
bequests to Merton College, Oxford. [In lift. G. H. Fowler, 
MS. Add. 4251.) One of the MSS. is Dd. 7. 17. 



12 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

is the person mentioned as having presented 
Holkot ' Super librum Sapientie,' and a ' Fasciculus 
morum.' * 

141 6-17. 
This year a new library was begun at King's 
Hall to replace an older and probably a smaller 
building. Willis and Clark, ' Arch. Hist.' iii, 41 1. 

1418. 
Christmas Eve. On this day, to quote Dr. 
MuUinger, ' an unknown hand at Peterhouse com- 
pleted a catalogue of the library belonging to that 
foundation.'^ The catalogue still exists. ^ 

1419. 
A Vatican manuscript of Bonaventura ' Ques- 
tiones ' contains the following inscription : 

Iste liber est de comunitate Cantebr. fratrum minorum 
. . . Anno domini 141 9 fuit iste liber noviter reparatus 
in ligatura asseribus coopertura et clausura.'' 

1420. 
May 22. John Thornhill, redor of Ingoldmells, 
CO. Lincoln, by his will dated at Cambridge this 
day bequeathed to the University of Cambridge a 
book of ' Decretalia.'5 The will was proved on 
2ist September. 

I He is mentioned by F. Blomefield, ' Hist, of Norfolk,' xi, 105. 
See H. Bradshaw, ' Collefted Papers,' pp. 22 and 54. 
^ Op. cit. i, 324. ^ 

3 See M. R. James, ' Catalogue of Peterhouse MSS. 

4 MS. Ottob. 611, ut supra (but see Mr. Bannister's note). 

5 Alfred Gibbons, 'Early Lincoln Wills,' p. 153. Between 
1420 and 1430 a library was being built at Clare Hall. Willis 
and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 411. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 13 

1 42 1. 
'January 8. This day the University acquired 
on lease from Trinity Hall, at an annual rent of 
two silver pennies, the second part of the site upon 
which the library now stands/ 

1422. 
March. A Vatican manuscript of Egidius 
Romanus, ' Quaestiones,' contains the ' cautio ' : 

Cautio magistri Johannis Will. Ludham. (?) exposita 
ciste tn[nitatis] a°d'miil°4°et 22°, diemensis marcii. . . .^ 

1424. 
Dr. Richard Holme, warden of King's Hall, 
whose will dated Cambridge i8th April was 
proved 22nd May in this year, gave sixteen 
volumes to the University. ^ These will be found 
in the catalogue compiled in or about this year. 
As it has been printed already in full,+ it is here 
abridged : 

Theology. Donor's Name. 

I, 2. Una Biblia in duobus voluminibus Ric. Holme 

3. Alia Biblia Aylemer 

4. Concordancie Biblie „ 

5. Psalterium Rob. Tye 
6-8. De Lira, in tribus voluminibus Ric. Holme 
9. De Lira, Super Epistolas, etc. Tho. Paxton 

10. Magister Historiarum [Petrus Aylemer 

Comestor] 

» Willis and Clark, ' Arch. Hist.' iii, 3-7. 

2 MS. Ottob. 468, ut supra. 

3 The will is printed by the Surtees Society, 'Test, Ebor.' vol. I, 
p. 205. See Bradshaw, ' Colledled Papers,' p. 53. 

-t Bradshaw, I.e. pp. 19-34. The list seems not to have been 
finished as it contains no books on civil law [F. Jenkinson]. 



H 



ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 



12. 

13- 
14. 

15- 
16. 

17- 
18. 



19. 

20. 
21. 

22. 

23- 
24. 

25- 
26. 
27. 
28, 

30- 
31- 
32. 
33- 
39- 
40. 

41- 

42. 

43- 
44. 

45. 



T//eo/ogy — cont. Donor's Name. 

Allegoric historiarum, cum Sermone Nic. Ive 

Lincolniensis 
Gregorius [Opera quaedam'] Joh. Preston 

Wallensis [Varia'] „ 

Augustinus De cluitate dei & Re- Ric. Holme 

tradationes 
Augustinus et [Varia'] Joh. Chirche 

Wallensis Summa Colledionum J. Matissal 

Chrysostomus in Imperfecflo Tho. Paxton 

Tradatus Rhetorice sec. T. de Novo J. Walker 

Mercato & De arte predicandi 

sec. Waleys 
Anselmus [Varia'] J. Paxton 

Holcot Super Librum Sapientie Will. Holler 

Parisiensis De viciis Jac. Matissale 

Abbaville Sermones dominicales „ 

Legenda sandorum J. Water 

Tradatus de penitentia, etc. J. Matissale 

Fasciculus morum W. Holler 

Compendium pauperum J. Preston 

Biblia beate Marie, etc. „ 

29. Januensis [i.e. Jac. de Voragine] J. Water 

Sermones Opera quaedam' 
Januensis Distinftiones „ 

Expositio super Ecclesiasticum 
Glosa super Epistolas Pauli 
38. Postillas 

Summa Predicantium J. Thorp 

Gregorius In Moralibus T. King' 

Petrus de Aurora, Super Biblia 
Gorham Super Psalterium 
Gregorius [Opera quaedam-'] . 
Lincolniensis De lingua 
46. Magister historiarum 



Set out in the catalogue. 
Set out in catalogue. 



J. Holbrook 
T. Thurkill 
C. Kirkby 

- Vicar of Dunmow. 

-t Master of Peterhouse, 14 18. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 15 

Theology — coyit. Donor's Name. 

47. Nottingham Super Euangelia J. Paris ' 

48-50. De Lira, in tribus voluminibus Bp.T. Langley 

51. De Lira Moralitates „ 

52. Ambrosius Super Lucam N. Upton 

53. Thomas Secunda Secundae R. Alne 

54. Hampolle Melum Contemplativorum „ 

Theologia Dispiitata. 

^^. Magister Sententiarum R. Teye 

56. Media Villa Super 1 & II Sententiarum N. Ive 

57. Tharantarius Super III & IV „ 

58. Thomas Contra Gentiles J. Preston 

59. Bonaventura Super IV J. Matissale 

60. 61. Thomas Summa Pt. I „ 

62. Sutton Quodlibeta 

63, 64. Albertus Super Summam 
65, 66. Thomas Summa 

67. Baconthorpe Super Librum Sententiarum R. Blynforth 

68. Altisiodorensis „ „ Chr. Kirkby 

69. Thomas super Secundam Secundae J. Paris 

Moral Philosophy. 

70. Egidius super RhetoricamAristotelis&c. Hug. Paris 

71. „ De regimine principum Tho. Paxton 

72. Boethius De consolatione philosophie J. Croucher- 

73. „ Tho. Paxton 

74. Albertus super Metha'''"° J. Skot 

Natural Philosophy. 

75. Palladius De agricultura T. Paxton 

76. Textus methe" J. Wroughby 

77. Thomas super xii libros. Me" „ 

78. Tabula Natural. Phi*-' N. Ive 

79. Aristotle De anima J. Wroughby 

80. Burley Super odo libros phi""'™ J. Aylemer 

' ' Capellanus.' 

^ MS. li. 3. 21. See 4. Bradshaw Coll. Papers, 17 ; 186. 



i6 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Natural Philosophy — cont. Donor's Name. 

8 1. Textus Natural' Phi' J. Matissale 

82. Averroes Commentum super libros 

phi'-"'" „ 

83. Antonius Super Methe'^'" 

84. Burley Super lib' De anima J. Smith ' 

85. Aristotle. Problemata R. Alne 

86. Petrus Paduwanens super Probl. „ 

Aristotelis 

Medicine. 

87. 88. Galen [opera quaedam &c.''] ) 

8q. Avicenna Libri III cum Serapionis ( t u t- ^1 
r>i---Ai •«- /J oh- lesdale 

90. Rhasis in Almasoris occr ( '' 

91. Galen De morbo &c.^ J 

Logic. 

92. Textus Logice* J. Matissale 

Sophistry. 

93. Ferebrigge & W. Heytesbury cum aliis 

Grammar. 

94. Hugucio T. Paxton 

95. Porphyrius cum aliis 

96. Priscianus in maiori 

97. Lucanus. De bellis romanis 

98. Priscianus in maiori et minori Kendale 

99. Petrus Helias in maiori et minori „ 

' Westhawe.' ^ 

Canon Law. 

100. Decreta Ric. Holme 

10 1. Archidiaconus in Rosario - „ 

102. Speculum Judiciale Joh. Aylemer 

103. Reportorium Duranti cum aliis „ 

' Vicar' de Castre. ' Cited in full in Catalogue. 

3 Probably Tliomas Westhaugh, Fellow of Pembroke. See 
Bradshaw, 'Coll. Papers,' pp. 31, 54; M. Bateson, 'Catalogue of 
Syon Monastery,' 1898, p. xxvii. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 17 

Canon Law — cont. Donor's Name. 

104. Decretales Ric. Holme 

105, 106. Johannes in Novella „ 

107. Decretalia Liber sextus „ 

108. Joh. in Novella super Sextum „ 

109. Decreta Tho. de Castro Bernardi ' 
no. Decretales „ 

111. Hostiensis in Summa Ric. Holme 

112. Johannes in Colledoria „ 

113. Decretales J. Thornell 
1 1 4- 1 16. Johannes in Novella Super 

Decretales J. Aylemer 

117. Innocentius Super Decretales R. Holme 

118. Liber Clementinarum J. Aldewyck 

119. Speculum Judiciale 

120. Joh. de Antona Super Constt. Othonis & Ottobonis 

121. Decretalia 

122. Archidiaconus in Rosario Rob. Alne 

June 21. A further document relating to 
Holme's bequest is preserved at the Registry, but 
it is so dilapidated that it is pradically illegible. ^ 

1425. 
This year the library at Michael House was 
extensively repaired and possibly rebuilt. Willis 
and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 411. 

H3I- 
The building of the library at Peterhouse was 

begun in this year. See Willis and Clark, ' Arch. 

Hist.' iii, 408. 

1431-2. 

March 1 1. This day the ' garden of the Hostel 

of the Holy Cross,' usually called Crouched Hostel, 

' Master of Peterhouse, 1400-18. ^ See MS. Add. 5090. 

C 



i8 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

part of the present site of the library, was bought 
by the University from WilHam Hulle, Prior of the 
Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.' 

1435- 
Robert FitzHugh, bishop of London, formerly 

warden of King's Hall, dying this year, bequeathed 

two books to the University : 

Item lego librarie communi universitatis Cantebrigie 
textum Moralis Philosophie, item Codeton super 4 
libros sententiarum." 

Thomas Langley, bishop of Durham and cardinal, 
who died this year, gave books to the library ;^ but 
as his will was not proved till 1439, they will be 
found mentioned under that date. 

1438. 

y«/y 10. King Henry VI granted to the 
chancellor, masters, and scholars of the Uni- 
versity, having petitioned the King, ' the manor 
of Ruyslep in the County of Middlesex, with a 
certain place called Northwode, with lands, &c., 
to that manor pertaining, after the death of John 
Somerseth, to whom it is given for life,' in aid of 
the support of a common library, and of chaplains 
celebrating mass in the beautiful chapel. + 

I Willis and Clark, ^ Arch. Hist.' iii, 8. 

^ Lambeth Wills, Chichele I, 457^/. U.L.C. MS. Add. 4565, 
fol. 40. 

3 Cooper,' Memorials,' iii, 67. H. Bradshaw,' Coll. Papers,' p. 54. 

4 Patent 16 Hen, VI, pt. 2, memb. 13. Hare MS. Paper copy, 
vol. ii, p. 134. Prickett and Wright, 'Documents,' i, 41. See 
also Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 11. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 19 

1439- 

July II. King Henry VI granted to John 
Langton, Chancellor of the University of Cam- 
bridge, and the masters and scholars of the same, 
and their successors, of the manors of Great and 
Little Ogbourne in the county of Wilts, with all 
their rights, etc., after the death of John Saintlo, 
who holds them for life, in aid of the support of a 
common library, and of chaplains celebrating mass 
in their beautiful chapel.' 

December 17. This day Cardinal Langley's 
will was proved at ' Medilham.' It contains the 
following clause : 

Item lego communi Librariae Cantabrigg Ledluram 
integram Nicolai de Lira, in tribus voluminibus, et 
Ledturam Moralem ejusdem, in uno volumine.^ 

These books will be found in the Catalogue 
of 1473. 

1440. 

This year the University, in selling to King 
Henry VI the greater part of the property acquired 
from William Hulle in 1431, received a piece 68 
feet from east to west by 10 feet from north to 
south, which was required for the eredtion of 
new schools (' pro nouis scholis super di(5lam 
parcellam edificandis ').3 

December 24. Robert Alne, 'Parson' of the 
Choir at York and officer in the ecclesiastical 
court there, in his will of this date, besides 

' Patent 17 Hen. VI, p. 2, m. 15. Documents I, 41-2. 

2 Surtees Society, ' Hist, Dunelm. Scriptores tres,' App. p. 
ccxlv. Bradbhaw, I.e. pp. 25, 54. 

3 Willis and Clark, ' Arch. Hist.' iii, 8. 



20 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

bequeathing several books to the cathedral church 
there, and to other places, adds : 

Item lego communi librariae Universitatis Cantabrigiae 
Archidiaconum in Rosario, Sandum Thomam Secunda 
Secundae et librum cum Problematibus Ar'" et alium 
librum cum tabula super Boecio de Consolacione Philoso- 
phiae, et aliis Tradatibus, et Ricardum de Hampull 
vocatum Melos, cum Orilogio Divinae Sapienciae qui fuit 
[antedicti] Magistri Thomae Hebbeden, ad orandum pro 
anima ejusdem ; et librum cum Francisco de Remedio 
Utriusque Fortunae, cum aliis Tradlatibus ; ita quod 
magister Johannes Otryngham, magister sandi Michaelis 
Cantebrigias, habeat usum dicfti libri ad terminum vitas suae.' 

These books are also found in the Catalogue 
of 1473. 

1441. 
At Gonville Hall this year the first library was 
built on the w^est side of the quadrangle, the books 
having been previously kept in a strong room.^ 

1442. 
Walter Crome is stated to have presented books 
to the library in this year, still in the collecflion,^ 
but the fa(5l cannot be substantiated. 

1443- 

Thomas Rotherham, afterwards Archbishop of 

York and Lord Chancellor of England, a great 

benefa6lor of the library, was eledled fellow of 

King's College in this year.'^ It is worth pointing 

' Surtees Society, ' Testamenta Eborac.,' ii, 78. See Bradshaw, 
I.e. p. 54. - Willis and Clark, 'Arch, Hist.' iii, 411. 

3 Venn, 'Biographical History,' vol. i, p. 5. For his gifts see 
post 1444 and 1452. 

^ A. Austen Leigh, 'King's College' (1899), p. 21. 



i 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 21 

out to those not familiar with the buildings that 
the college at this time was contiguous with the 
schools on the west side. 

1444. 
November 17. On this day Walter Crome, D.D., 
gave to the library the volume of St. Augustine, 
' De verbis Domini et de Verbis Apostoli,' at the 
end of which is the following inscription : 

Liber beati Augustini, etc., donatus communi librarie 
scolarium Universitatis Cantabrigie per Magistrum 
Walterum Crome sacre Theologie Professorem, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadrageslmo quarto; 
studentes orate pro eo et anima ejus. Primus liber 
donatus in ordine, 2"' donatus liber Armakanus cum 
Augustino contra Donatistas. 

It now stands MS. li. i. 28. The 'Armachanus 
cum Augustino contra Donatistas,' which is men- 
tioned as ' secundus donatus,' was the work ' De 
pauperie Christi,' but it has disappeared, unless 
indeed in a mutilated state it is MS. Ff 4. 32.' 
Crome also gave on the same day another volume 
consisting of St. Augustine 'De doftrina Christiana' 
and other works, which he had bought in 1432.'' 
It contains the following inscription [MS. li. 3. 9]: 

Donatus iste liber Augustini de do6lrina Christiana per 
M. Walterium Crome Communi Librarie Universitatis 

' MS. Ff, 4. 32. It was mutilated before the seventeenth 
century, see Abraham Wheelock's curse on the miscreant, written 
in the volume. 

^ 'Liber magistri Walteri Crome sacre Theologie Professoris 
emptus ex magistro Willelmo Lavender, pret xxvis viiid, solutum 
ex pecuniis di<?ti Walteri difto Willelmo per manus magistri 
Willelmi Lacebi, Capellani Margerie Sparwe de Colcester a.d. 
1432 juxta festum exaltationis sancte crucis.' 



22 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Cantabriggie, a.d. 1444 in festo Sandti Hugonis Episcopi, 
et est sextus liber in ordine donatorum. 

He also gave Augustine, 'Sermones' [MS. li. 4. 23]: 

Communi librarie scolarium Universitatis Cantabrigien- 
sis per Crome, a.d. 1444, in festo Sandi Hugonis manu 
propria scriptus, et est decimus in ordine librorum dona- 
torum. 

Mr. Bradshaw speaks of this gift of Crome's' 
seeming to 'point to the feast of St. Hugh as having 
been in some measure an opening day of the new 
Library.'^ 

1446. 

July 25, St. James' Day. This day King 
Henry VI, the first royal benefactor of the library, 
laid the foundation-stone of King's College Chapel 
in the adjoining plot of ground. ^ 

OSiober 21. William Lyndwode, the compiler 
of the 'Constitutiones Provinciales,' dying this day, 
bequeathed his ' Commentarius super Codicem ' 
and ' Bartolus super F nov ' (the New Digest) to 
the library.'^ Both books have disappeared.^ > 

1447-8. 
March 12. The will of King Henry VI, dated 
this day, ' provided a noble library, one hundred 
and ten feet long by twenty-four feet broad, on the 

^ Bradshaw, Coll. Papers,' 18, 54. Crome was redior of S. 
Benedi(5l Sherehog in London (Cooper, ' Memorials,' iii, 67). 

2 Op. cit, 185. 

3 A. Austen Leigh, ' King's College' (1899), p. 19. 

4 See Venn, 'Biog. Hist.' i, 8, T^nA po$t 1473. Catalogue 172. 

5 Cf. A. Ogle, 'Canon Law in Medieval England' (1912), 
p. 199. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 23 

western side of the proposed quadrangle of King's 
College' (Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 408). 
This would have been ten feet longer than the 
present Catalogue Room of the University Library, 
the old Senate House of the University. 

1448. 

Marmaduke Lumley, bishop of Lincoln and 
Chancellor of the University, bequeathed a manu- 
script bible in three volumes to Queens' College 
Library. Home's ' Catalogue,' p. xi. (MS. Add. 
5090). 

1450. 

In Peterhouse Library is a MS. of the Com- 
mentary of Johannes Canonicus on the Physics of 
Aristotle, written by Tydeman, a Swede, at Cam- 
bridge this year (C.A.S., ' Proceedings,' ix, 403). 

1452. 
June 25. On this day Dr. Walter Crome pre- 
sented another volume of St. Augustine, consisting 
of the ' Contra Faustum,' the ' Sermo Arianorum,' 
and the 'Contra Perfidiam Arianorum.'' This 
brought the number of books presented by him to 
the library up to 93 : 

Donatur liber iste . . . communi librarie Universitatis 
Cantabrigiensis per magistrum Walterum Crome, a.d. 
1452 ad usum studentium in eadem in crastino Johannis 
Baptiste et est in numero librorum donatorum 93.- 

' Bradshaw, Coll. Papers, i8, 54. He also left seven books in 
this year to Gonville Hall. Six of these are certainly still there. 
Venn, ' Caius College,' p. 260. Cf. Cat. of MSS. V, 253. 

- MS. li. 4. 29. At Pembroke Hall this year a storey was 
added over the Hall for a library. Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' 
iii, 411. 



24 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

August 5. Crome's will was proved this day.' 

1453- 
A catalogue of the old library of King's College, 

dated this year, contains 174 volumes/ 

1454. 
June 25. The library and new chapel of the 
University were now rising together : 

Item in crastino natiuitatis sancti Johannis Baptiste pro 
plumbo noue capelle et librarie extradtum vj Marc 

And later in the same year : 

Item pro obturatione foraminum librarie et capelle xvijd. 

Item pro clauis paruis ad reparacionem fenestralium in 
libraria ob.-' 

c. 1455. 

Gift of John Salle (MS. li. 2. 28) : 
Rationale Divinorum. 

Ex legato M' Joh'^ Salle decretorum dodtoris nuper 
socii Aule Sande Trinitatis.'' 

There is no date, but the book must have been given 
between 1440 and 1473, as it appears as no. 246 in the 
catalogue of the latter year. The donor may have been 
John Salle, Vicar of Happisburgh in Norfolk, 1429-55.5 

1456. 
Item pro cathenacione librorum in communi libraria xiiijd.*^ 

' Venn, ' Biographical History,' i, 5. Cf. MS. Add. 5090. 
- Willis and Clark, ' Arch. Hist.' iii, 404. 

3 Grace Book A, fols. 2a^2b. The name of the bookbinder of 
the period is Gerard Wake, as another entry on the same page 
shows, relating to books, not necessarily from the library. See 
G. J. Gray, 'Earlier Cambridge Stationers,' p. lo, 

4 Bradshaw, ' Collected Papers,' 47, 54. See seal of J. Salle in 
C.A.S. 'Comm.' vol. vi, p. 345. 

5 H. Bradshaw in C.A.S. ' Comm.' ii, 278. 

6 Grace Book A, fol. 8^. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 25 

A 'cautio' of this year occurs in a manuscript: 

Cautio . . . exposita in cista de Turvyll anno domini 
mcccclvj decimo die mai et jacet pro iii marcas ix solidos 
et 4d.* 

1457- 
July 5. On this day the commission for build- 
ing new schools or a library was appointed, no 
gremial being forced to contribute : 

Anno domini millessimo quadringentesimo quinqua- 
gesimo septimo quinto die Julii in plena congregatione 
regencium et non regencium fada tuit commissio Cancel- 
lario in absencia sua vicecancellario magistro Millyngton 
Magistro gay Magistro Stoyll Magistro Edmundo Cunnyss- 
burgh duobus procuratoribus Magistro Waltero Smyth 
Magistro Willelmo Raynoldson consencientibus omnibus 
do6loribus secularibus et religiosis vt ipsi habeant plenam 
et plenariam potestatem disponendi providendi excogitandi 
pro edifficatione Noue Scole philosophie et iuris civilis vel 
librarie in fundo vniuersitatis prouiso semper quod per 
hanc commissionem nullus ad tunc gremialis artetur ad 
soluendum aliquid de propriis.- 

1457-8. 
The fire which broke out in King's College (then 
west of the library) this year seriously endangered 
the colle(5lion. To this the proclors' accounts 
bear witness : 

Item pro custodia librorum communis librarie tempore 
quo ignis erat apud nouum collegium xijd. 

Item dodori thome Stoyle pro diuersis expensis fadis 
per ipsum circa salvationem communis librarie tem- 
pore quo ignis estuabat in regali collegio vs. vjd.^ 

• MS. Ff. 3. 27. For the Turbeville chest see ante 1293. 

- Grace Book A, 6 ^. See Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 12. 

3 Grace Book A, fol. loa. 



26 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

April 9. A syndicate, consisting of the Chan- 
cellor and others, including the two Prodtors, was 
appointed to supervise the building work. 

"June 30. A second Grace betrays that -the 
Schools of Philosophy and Civil Law are in a state 
of irremediable decay and ruin, and must shortly 
fall to the ground unless some remedy be applied. 
The Schools to be built next to the School of 
Canon Law/ 

1458-9. 

The expenses incurred from the lire were not 
over by the following year : 

Item roberto Coker pro ceruisia et pane laborantibus 
circa librarian! in tempore incendii camerarum in 
nouo coUegio. xxd." 

Also an ordinary expense : 

Item in opere ferreo fenestris vitriis in liberaria. iiijd,^ 

1459. 

March 25. This day another part of the ground 
now occupied by the library was leased to the 
University for ninety-nine years at an annual rent 
of two shillings, by John Botwright, Master of 
Corpus Christi College. The plot measured 30 by 
292 feet, and was surrounded by a stone wall. 
The School of Civil Law had already been built on 
part of it. 

A plan or sketch of the Schools as they then 
existed is preserved in the White Book (' Liber 
albus ') at Corpus Christi College. It shows the 

' Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 12-13. 
- Grace Book A, fol. 13/;. ^ lb. 13 a. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 27 

new Library (' Libraria noua ') over the School 
of Canon Law, now the Periodical Room.' 

1461-2. 
Ordinary charges : 

Item pro cathenis librarie vniuersitatis. viijd." 

1462-3. 
Item pro ligacione duorum librorum communis librarie 

xxiiijd^ 
Item pro cathenacione libri medicinalis jd^ 

1463- 
November 3. This day in full congregation it 
was ordered that the Librarian should receive an 
annual salary of 40 shillings from the rent of the 
School of Canon Law. 

Memorandum quod Anno domini m'" cccc" sexagesimo 
iij" die 3° Nouembris decretum est in plena con- 
gregatione Regencium et non Regencium quod 
Gustos librarie recipiet annuatim de denariis scole 
canonici iuris xP.^ 

One payment of this sort is entered : 

Item pro custode librarie de pecuniis scole Juris 
canonici xx^^ 

1464-5. 
Item pro reparacione tedi librarie xxijd.^ 

' The sketch is reproduced in Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' 
iii, 5, where the whole history of the schools site is very carefully 
described. 

^ Grace Book A, fol. 23 tf. Venn, 'Caius College,' p. 260. 

5 lb. 2Sa. ^ lb. 2 5 /a ? Ih. 27/;. 

*" lb. 2()a. The entry has been drawn through. 7 //,, 23^?. 



28 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1465. 
John de Breton, a priest, who died this year, is 
said to have paid for the glazing of the windows 
of the library.' 

1466-7. 

Item pro emendacione fenestrarum in Cappella et 
Libraria vjs.- 

1468. 
OSlober 2. This day John Beverley, fellow of 
Gonville Hall and prebendary of Lincoln, gave by 
deed fifteen volumes to his colleo^e. The ma^ni- 
tude of the gift, valued at ^40, was acknowledged 
by the establishment of an 'obit' in his memory. 
If this was omitted the Chancellor might claim the 
books for the University Library. ^ 

1469-70. 

Item solutum Loppeham vitreario pro vna fenestra 
vitrea xvj pedum iuxta gradum ducentem ad 
nouam librariam viijs.^ 

1470. 
Item pro deposicione le crane ere6te in orto collegii 

Regis pro noua fabrica vniuersitatis iiijd. 
Pro fenestris in turri scolarum xxjd.^ 

The east wing of the building was commenced 
this year, when payment was made ' for building 
two new schools next the schools gate.' ^ 

^ C. H. Hartshorne, Book-rarities, p. 4. For the destrudion of 

this glass see post 1748. - Grace Book A, fol. 38 b. 

-^ Venn, ' Biog. Hist.' iii, 282. ^ Grace Book A, fol. 83 a. 

5 Univ. Accounts, 1470, p. 84^7. See Willis and Clark, iii, 14, 

6 Willis and Clark, Ibid. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 29 

1 470- 1. 
Chains and donors' names are attached to the 
books this year : 

Item pro quatuordecim cathenis pro libris iiijs. viijd. 

Item pro fadlura vnius stalli in libraria et hostii in turri 
et pro clauis pro eisdem iijs. iiijd. 

Item pro coopertoriis quatuordecim librorum xs. vjd. 

Item pro tenui cornu et clauis ad insinuacionem nominis 
' collatoris librorum predidorum xs. 

Item in expensis pro litera vniuersitatis missa archiepis- 
copo eboracensi [George Neville] pro libris datis 
vniuersitati per comitem Wigornie ixd. 

Item pro mundacione librarie iijd. 

Item pro uno grate in libraria vjs. viijd. 

Item pro vno lates ad idem xijd.' 

John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, here mentioned, 
was beheaded for high treason in this year, i8th 
October, 1470.^ By his death his intention was 
apparently frustrated. 

1471-2. 

One of the earliest documents relating to the 
history of the Library is the Statute regulating 
restri(5ted admission. Owing to some previous 
informalities it is ordered that no one, not being a 
graduate, shall presume to enter the library unless 
with a graduate, and that he must leave it with 
him ; that no graduate, not being a gremial, shall 
come in except in his proper academic dress ; and 
that any one who shall be convi6led before the 
chancellor or his representative of disobeying these 

' Grace Book A, fol. 64^, 

- See Cooper, 'Memorials,' iii, 67. The earl was a donor to 
Oxford. See W. D. Macray, Annals, pp. 1 1 and 400. His tomb 
is on the south side of the ciioir of Ely Cathedral. 



30 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

injun6lions, shall be excluded for ever.' The 
document is so interesting that it is here 
reprinted : 

De communi lihraria universitatis. 
Saepe contingit quod ea quae ad remedium sunt provisa 
ad noxam tendere cognoscuntur, quod equidem experientia 
edocet et ipsa res manifestat. Cum enim retroaftis tem- 
porlbus nobis permittentibus consuetum fuerat scholares 
nostros quoscunque in communi libraria nostra ad suum 
commodum et ut credidimus incrementum virtutum ita 
libere quemadmodum gremiales nostros usum librorum 
inibi habuisse quod in grave praejudicium nostras universi- 
tatis cedere non dubitamus, ea propter nos volentes circa 
praemissa remedium providere ordinamus et statuimus 
quod de cetero in di6lam nostram communem librariam 
qui graduatus non fuerit nisi cum graduato intrare non 
praesumat et cum eodem recessurus : adjiciendo quod 
nullus graduatus non gremialis intret in bibliothecam sive 
librariam praefatam absque habitu suo gradui competent! 
et quod si quis hujus statuti violator extiterit et super 
eodem coram cancellario vel ejus vices gerente convi6lus 
fuerit perpetuam bannitionem incurrat ipso fado : quod 
quidem statutum per singula collegia et hospitia infra 
odto dies volumus publicari.- 

This is referred to in the following entry : 

Item deliberatum M. Hanson pro vino dato presidenti 

et dodloribus in edificatione statuti pro ingredienti- 

bus librariam ixd ^ 

1472. 

Geoffrey Champneys, Vicar of St. Stephen's, 

Norwich, dying this year, bequeathed certain books 

' Statuta Acad. Cantab. (Cantab. 1785, 4°), p. 83. This statute 
at the time of its promulgation was ordered to be published 
throughout the colleges and hostels within eight days. 

^ Ut supra. 3 Grace Book A, fol. 68<7. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 31 

to Gonville Hall and others to the University 
Library.' 

Do . . . librarie communi universitatis librum notabilem 
scilicet communem glosam super quinque libros sapientiales 
et Hugonem de Vienna in margine. 

The second extant catalogue of books is pre- 
served in the same volume with the catalogue of 
1424 in the Registry. It has been printed in 
extenso more than once, and vs^ill be found in Henry 
Bradshaw's 'Collefted Papers,' pp. 35-53. It shows 
the library to have contained at this date 330 
volumes, arranged as follows:^ 



North 


South 


I Grammar 


(19) (15) Civil Law I 


II Medicine 


(21) (17) Canon Law II 


III Natural Philosophy (i8) (14) „ III 


IV Moral Phi 


ilosophy (19) (14) „ IV 


V Theology 


(26) (27) Theolo2;ia Disputata V 


VI 


(26) (21) Theology VI 


VII 


(24) (15) „ VII 


VIII 


(17) (23) „ VIII 




(14) » IX 




170 + 160 = 330 




H74-5- 


Tables were hanging up in the library at this 


time : 





In primis solutum Magistro Songer pro tabulis pen- 
dentibus in libraria xs.^ 

• Norwich Consistory Court Register, ' Jekkys,' fol. 275. See 
J. Venn, ' Biographical History,' vol. i, p, 7. Information and 
extradl kindly supplied by the Rev. Dundas Harford, of Hampstead, 
24th December, 19 10. The book occurs in the catalogue of 
1473, see poit^ under nos. 279 and 305, but has apparently since 
disappeared. See Bradshaw, /.c. 187. -^ Grace Book A, fol. 77 />. 



32 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Item pro fadlura duorum descorum in libraria tribus 
hominibus per decern dies xiiijs. 

Item pro fadtura omnium sedilium in libraria noua 

xls. xxd. 

Item pro lignis et mensulis ad idem opus emptis in 
foro. ixs. vjd. 

Item pro vno Estrysch borde xiiijd. 

Item pro fadura le crestes in libraria vs. iiijd.* 

Item solutum Alano Semper bedello pro diuersis ex- 
pensis in libraria xs. xd.^ 

May 13. Before this date Thomas Rotherham, 
Bishop of Lincoln, afterwards Archbishop of York, 
had completed his first gift to the University, for 
on that day a statute was passed placing him among 
the ' first ' benefa6lors of the University, and de- 
creeing that a mass should be said for him annually 
on the first day of the Easter Term during his life, 
and a requiem mass after death. The clause re- 
lating to the University Library was as follows : 

in honorem Dei, incrementum studii, et universitatis 
nostrae profedum, scholas novamque superius librariam 
polito lapide, sumptuosa pompa, ac dignis oedificiis per- 
fecerit, eamque, omnibus ut decuit rebus exornatam, non 
paucis vel vilibus libris opulentam reddidit etc. . . .^ 

The gift consisted of some 200 volumes, many of 
which still remain. 5 

» Grace Book A, fol. 79 tf-^. ^ Luard, 11. 

3 We have the catalogue of books presented to Catharine Hall, 
at its foundation in this year by Dr. Woodlark. They were 
placed in seven stalls. (Camb. Ant. Soc, Quarto Series, no. i, 1840.) 

^ Documents i, 414. 

5 Among the MSS. given by him is a Catholicon (Dd. i. 31), 
and among printed books the 'Speculum Historiale,' 1473, F°. 
(This has the date of gift 1484.) The list of Rotherham's books 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 33 

The arms of Rotherham, vert, three bucks 
trippant argent armed or, are on the tower of 
Great St. Mary's Church. These arms, with the 
badge of the white rose, to show his affection for 
his patron Edward IV, were in every pane of glass 
in the old library ; and possibly remained until 
September, 1748.' 

For Rotherham's benefa6tions at Jesus College, 
Rotheram ; Lincoln College, Oxford; Whitehall, 
and elsewhere, see D.N.B. : 

Humphry, duke of Gloucester, gave 20 marks, and 
the Earl of Oxford (whose chaplain the said Rotheram 
was) gave lo/i; whose arms are inward, on the wall of 
the little library.' 

1476. 

April 20. Hugh Damlet bequeathed ' to the 
common library of the University, Hugo ' de 
Sacramentis,' the 'quodlibeta' of Scotus, Sutton 
and others in one volume.' ^ 

Item pro scriptoribus indenturarum inter dominum 

cancellarium et vniuersitatem pro libris receptis xxd. 

Item pro scribentibus tabulas omnium librorum in 

libraria communi et ad dominum cancellarium missas 

xijd.'' 

is given in the ' Donors' Book,' in the University Library, pp. 3-9, 
The accuracy of this list has been denied by Dr. M. R. James. 

' Cole MSS. V, 13. See post 1748. Quoted by Hartshorne, 
p. 4 note. 

2 Baker MSS. 10, p. 337. [U.L.C. Add. MS. 3332 (E) p. 35.] 
Also quoted by Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 14. 

3 Baker MS. 26 [U.L.C. Mm. i, 37]. He was also a benefador 
of Pembroke Hall. See Cat. of MSS. v, 253. 

4 This list still exists. See Grace Book A, preface by S. M. 
Leathes, p. xlii. 



34 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Item exposuimus pro reparacione liberarie pro vno 

foder de cake et sabulo iijs iiijd.' 

Item pro cathenacione xxv librorum iijs xd. 

Item pro cathenis vjs viijd. 

Item tradidimus quibusdam laborantibus circa ordinem 

et imposicionem librorum in libraria vjd. 

Item tradidi laborantibus pro reparacione librorum in 

libraria iiijd. 

Item pro reparacione librorum in libraria domini 

cancellarii ijd/ 

1478-9. 
The sum of eightpence was paid for gilt nails for 
the books given by the Chancellor (Rotherham) : 

Item solutum pro duodecim catenis pro libris domini 
[cancelarii] et pro alio libro in magna libraria 
catenato iijs. 

Item pro cattenacione librorum domini cancellarii xijd.^ 

It may not be out of place to mention at this 
point that in 1478 Friar Laurentius Gulielmus de 
Saona compiled at Cambridge his 'Nova rhetorica,' 
which was printed by Caxton about 1479, and at 
St. Albans in 1480. A copy of the latter is in the 
University Library. 

1479-80. 

The following charges are presumably for the 
library : 

Item pro x cathenis emptis de Seymper iijs. viijd. 

Item pro cathenis xxviij emptis londoniis vijs. 

Item pro vedura mensurarum et cathenarum iiijd. 

Item pro vedura xxvij voluminum que dedit dominus 
cancellarius ijs viijd. 

Item Magistro Rooch pro littera [missa] ad dominum 
cancellarium ijs. 

' Grace Book A, fol. 88 «. ^ lb. 89^. ^ lb. 92 «. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 35 

Item pro 6 cathenis in anno preterite emptis de sempar 

xxijd.' 

In this year, 1480, a special additional statute 
was made for the library at Peterhouse. It is 
printed in Willis & Clark, ' Arch. Hist.' iii, 395. 

1480-1. 
Item pro cathenis libri M. Bowre viijd.^ 

1483-4. 
Item solutum pro ligacione trium magnorum librorum 
in libraria vniuersitatis scil lire^ et duorum iuris 

viijs. iiijd.'' 

Item pro scriptura vnius indenture et pro intitulacione 

viginti librorum quos dominus Cancellarius dedit 

vniuersitati quando hie ultimo aderat XJd.^ 

1484-5. 
Both of these probably refer to the library : 

Item Waltero'' pro ligacione vnius magni libri ijs. 

Item to floryse pro cathenacione librorum viijd. 

1487-8. 
Item pro cathenacione libri ex dono magistri Greyn iijd.' 
Item pro clasuris Hbrorum in libraria viijs. 

OBober 24. Vincentius in Speculo Morali de- 
livered to John Butler, the Chancellor's servant, to 
copy.^ 

' Grace Book A, fol. 98^. 

2 Grace Book A, fol. 104a (Luard, 18). Luard queries this for 
Archbishop Bourchier? 

3 Lyra. 4 Grace Book A, fol. 135/'. ^ Ih. 136^. 
^ Grace Book A, p. 199. For Walter Hatley, stationer, see 

G. J. Gray, 'Earlier Cambridge Stationers,' pp. 12, 13. 

7 Grace Book A, p. 219. ^ Luard, 21. 



36 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1488. 
Item pro ligatura ix librorum communis librarie xiiij^ vj'^. 

Expenses conne6ted with the gift of a Bible : ' 

Item pro carriagio biblie et xx^' solidorum collatorum 

vniuersitati per magistrum Lyndsey — xij*^. 
Item pro cathenacione vnius biblie — viij^ 

1489- 
Item pro vigesies duodecim paribus signaculorum pro 
libris in libraria^ ij'' v' iiij''. 



1490. 

Item^ pro reparacione cere et noue clave ad hostium 

librarie viij^ 

OSlober 1 6.+ Item sol' pro Reparatione noue bibliothece 

plumbario xix^ ix^. 

Item pro Reparacione fenistrarum am- 

barum librariarum, scole theologice, 

scole canonice, scole artium, scole 

ciuilis xvj' viij'^. 

1492. 
Expenses connected with the stru6lure : 

Expense fa6le per didos procuratores Johannem Syclyng 
et lohannem Wall circa reparaciones vtriusque Librarie et 
alia necessaria vniuersitatis : 

Memorandum that the cysterne & the pype of the 
gargyll of the librarie nexte y^ college ^ate weyth i C" 
et di I'l'" & ix" 
Item Waltero Bechin vno die & di super librariam ix^ 

I Grace Book B, fol, 14. (Luard, 22.) 

- Grace Book B, fol. 25. 'Signacula.' Possibly what we should 
now call labels. The word is used once again in this book (fol. 
228), but then in its usual sense of seal. The word for a clasp 
was 'clausura,' see post 1493. 

3 Grace Book B, fol. 34. ^ lb. 35. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 37 

Item Johanni Nycolson carpentario vno die ibidem vj^. 
Item pro xxvj pedibus de asseribus pro reparatione 

librarie vj^. 

Item pro dimC de 4 peny nayle pro dida reparatione ij"*. 
Item pro dimC de 3 peny nayle ij^ 

Item pro cathenacione duorum librorum iiij"^. 

Item pro duabus cathenis pro eisdem vj"^. 

Item pro cathenacione & cornu libri a M'° Dodore 

Fyrby vniversitati legati ' iij^. 

Memorandum quod nos didli procuratores pro repara- 

cione vtriusque librarie recepimus de plumbario 

xxvjC. dim. quarta. et xvij" precium cuiuslibet li 

ob q*. Et precium C. vij', 

Summa totalis ix" viij' iij"^ ob q'"*. 
Item pro labore vnius lathomi uno die et dim. super 

librariam ix'^. 

Item pro uno modio carbonum et tribus ffasculis pro 

igne iiij"*. 

Item pro Clavis pro reparatione dide librarie ij*^. 

Summa totalis xv''. 

With other entries.^ 

April 6. William Woode, Warden of the 
College at Sudbury, bequeathed a work by Henricus 
Bouhic : 

Lego Librarie Universitatis Cantabrigie Henricum 
Bouhic in duobus voluminibus cathenandis.^ 

In the Pro6tors' accounts occurs note of a book 
given by Archbishop Rotherham : 

' Grace Book B, pp. 46-7. - Ibid. 

3 Information supplied by Frederick Johnson, Esq., of Norwich, 
i8th December, 191 1. This must have been a manuscript, as 
the ' Distin6liones' were not printed till 1498. There is no trace 
of the manuscript in the library. 



38 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Item pro cathenacione vnius libri quern dedit Archie- 
piscopus Eboracensiscumscripturaduorum librorum 

H93- 
Item pro clausuris duodecim librorum cathenatorum 
in communi librarie ex dono Magistri W. Tornour 

xviiij'*. 

The plumber's account for this year is also pre- 
served, and the cost of the carriage from London 
6f the books given by the Archbishop is given. ^ 

1495-6. 
Item pro reparatione veteris librarie et pro plumbo 
empto pro reparacione eiusdem-^ xvj* x^ 

Item soluitur vetriario pro reparacione fenestre finalis 
in libraria vniuersitatis'' ij^ 

"June 25. This day died John Gunthorpe, for- 
merly master of King's Hall, and afterwards Dean 
of Wells. Four manuscripts in the library contain 
his name.5 

1500. 

Archbishop Rotherham left, through his exe- 
cutors, a large number of additional volumes, some 
of which were manuscript, to the University this 
year.^ 

^ Grace Book B, p. 53. -'lb. 62 (Proftor's Accounts). 

3 lb. 97 (Proctor's Accounts). 4 Ih. 129. 

5 MSS. Dd. 7. I, 2; Dd. 10. 29; Ff. 6. 20 (used by him as a 
cautio in 1452, and afterwards given to Jesus College, Cambridge), 
and Mm. 3, 4. C. H. Cooper in the ' Memorials of Cambridge,' 
iii, 67, speaks of the Jerome as his bequest, perhaps, on insufficient 
evidence. Gunthorpe also gave books to Syon Monastery. See 
D.N.B. for a notice of him. '' ' Cat. of MSS.' I, vii. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 



39 



This year the Statute was relaxed in favour 
of monks studying for a time in this University: 

Conceditur monachis studentibus in ista vniuersitate 
pro tempore studii in eadem ut possent liberum habere 
introitum in Hbrariam communem vniuersitatis non 
obstante statuto.' 

Also the inevitable plumber appears : ^ 

Item pro plumbario et reparacione vtriusque librarie 

iij" vj vj"*. 

1500-I. 

Item Walter battle pro ligacione librorum diuersorum 
in biblioteca et reparacione eorundum et aliorum v^^ 

The plumber at last reveals his name: + 

Item solui Johanni Mervell plummer pro reparacione 
librarie et scolarum cum famulo ^^'f- 



II. 

I5OO-164O. 

1507. 
A GRACE was passed allowing two monks, bachelors 
in arts, John Spylman, canon, and Robert Browenn, 
canon, to enter the Common Library, notwith- 
standing the statute restri(5ling the use of it. 5 

' Grace Book B, p. 145, ^ /^^ j^g. 

3 Ih. 166. See ante 1485. 4 /^. 169. 

5 U. r, fol. 35^ (Luard 31). 



40 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1509. 

At last the name of a library keeper, Hobbes, 
appears : 

Item magistro obbis pro confeccione cuiusdam Instru- 
menti xij^ 

Item plumbario pro emendacione librarie per super- 
uisum magistri obbis ' xlij^ 

1510. 
From the prodlors' accounts : ^ 

In primis pro scriptura statuti imponendi ostio librarie 

iiij''. 

1511. 

This year Erasmus was eledled to the Lady 
Margaret Professorship, and it may reasonably be 
presumed that this illustrious man taught in the 
Divinity School, now the ground floor of the 
Catalogue Room. 3 

1513- 
We find the following loan of books, on deposit 
of a silver cup or of money as caution : 

Memorandum quod do6lor Schyrton habet de noua 
libraria Crisostomum super epistolas pauli ad corintheos 
usque ad festum sandi michaelis prox' pro quo posuit 
caucionem in manibus magistri Osteby viz. vnum ciphum 
argenteum stantem cum coopertorio partim deaurato.^ 

' Grace Book B, fol. 268. He seems to have been also clerk 
of St. Mary's. ^ /^. 281-2. 

3 He had been allowed to incept in theology in 1506. Grace 
Book B (1903), p. 222. 

4 Grace Book B, fol. 317. Osteby was cross-bearer in the follow- 
ing year. See H. P. Stokes, ' Chaplains ' (1906), p. 83. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 41 

Item D. Naase habet Alexandrum Super Metaphisicam 
de magna libraria vsque ad idem festum pro quo posuit 
caucionem in manibus iunioris procuratoris et est x^ in auro. 

1515. 

Item fabro lignario pro reparacione stallorum in biblio- 
theca et aliis scolis' xvj^ 

Item Nycholao stacionario pro ligatura libri iniuste 

■ abstradli a bibliotheca tandem restituti universi- 

tati" ij^ mf. 

1518. 

This year a fire broke out in the Terence School 
or west wing.3 

1520. 

Item* recepi de Magistro belt pro dispensatione scil. 
abesse in generalibus processionibus et intrand' 
bibliothecam sine habitu iij^ iiij''. 

1522. 
OSlober 20. Richard Sharpe, chaplain to Bishop 
Fisher, writing to Nicholas Metcalfe, the master 
of St. John's, says : 

Mylorde . . . desireth your maistershipe that by your 
gude means he may have wryten iiij sermons of seynt 
John Chrisostome contra iudeos with certaine homelies de 
incomprehemibilitate dei & other moo as they follow in the 
same boke. The boke lyeth in the new lybrary of the 

' Grace Book B, fol. 337. 

^ Ih. 338. N. Spering. See G. J. Gray, 'Earlier Cambridge 
Stationers,' pp. 43, etc. 3 //,. ^6^^ ^Si. 

"> lb. 406. 'Item eidem [Do6lor Nicholas] pro potu et aliis 
expensis circa combustionem librorum Martini Lutheri. ij* ' 
[lb. 416). 



42 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Universite (that byshop Rotheram made) and was de- 
lyuered at the last beyng of my lorde then For he had 
borowd y' of the Uniu''site before.' 

Item concedebatur Johanni pereson ordinis Minorum 
vt possit intrare communem librariam ad placitum.^ 

1528. 

July 4. Cuthbert Tunstall, bishop of London, 
shortly before his translation to Durham, presented 
various books, including the Complutensian Bible 
and several Greek books, from the Aldine and 
other early presses, as well as some manuscripts, 
the earliest Greek books the University possessed. 
They all bear the manuscript inscription : ' Cuth- 
bertus Londoniensis episcopus studiosis dono 
dedit.'3 

1529. 

September 12. The West Room (as it is now 
called) from this time to 29th September, 1 545, was 
devoted to the teaching of ' Literae Humaniores.'* 

Item 5 pro noua cera in noua bibliotheca vj . 

1533- 
John Leland's account of the books in the 

library is as follows : 

1 See Mr. G. J. Gray, 'Letters of Bishop Fisher' (The 
Library, April, 1913). - Grace Book B, fol. 452. 

3 See Donors' Book and H. Bradshaw's annotated list in MS. 
Add. 4595. 

4 John Caius, quoted in Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 20. 

s Grace Book B, fol. 518. 'Item pro facibus ad libros com- 
burendos iiij^' The trial of Sygar for heresy is recorded at the 
same time {Jib. 520). 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 43 

In biblioiheca publica majori. 

CoUediones Wallensis. * Cum colledionis huius.' 
Hildebrandus super evangelia, qui postea Gregorius 

Septimus didus fuit. 
Nicolaus Trivet super Genesim. 
Distindiones theologicae Gulielmi,Lincolniensis ecclesiae 

cancellarii. 'Arcus dicitur Christus.' 
Expositio Nicolai Trivet super libros Boetii de consola- 

tione. * Explanatio librorum Boetii &c.' 
Boetius de consolatione, Anglice. 

In hihliotheca pub. minoriy quam Cuthebertus Tunstallus 
insigni numero Gr^ecorum voluminum auxit. 

Lincolniensis de dodrina cordis. 

Compendium de didlis & fadlis memoralibus incerto 

autore. * Sapientiam antiquorum.' 
Andronici Calysti Byzantii interpretatio in libro : Arist 

: de generat : & corrupt. 
Summa philosophiae, autore Grostest. 
Barptolomaeus Facius de felicitate vitae. furto sublatus.* 

1534. 
Some further security was necessary about this 
time, for we find in the Grace Book : 

Item yt ys grauntyd y^ for y^ more saffgarde of yo"" 
books yn youre comon library y' y^ ouermer [sic] 
dore at y" stayrs bed may be locked so y' yt shall 
be lawfull for only gremyall or graduat & nonother 
to provyde them & have a key to go yn & study 
at ther pleasure." 

' J. Leland, ' Colledlanea,' iii, 15 (Ed. T. Hearne, Lond., 
1770, vol. iv, pp. 15, 17). 

^ Grace Book P, fol. 148(7. For the University Stationers 
appointed at this time see C.A.S. ' Comm.' xxvi, p. 289. 



44 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1535- 

A grace was passed to sell the useless books in 
the chests, and to place any useful ones, which are 
now being moth-eaten, in the library: 

Item concedatur ut magister vicecancellarius et pro- 
curatores vestram habeant authoritatem vendendi vestras 
vacuas cistas modo in earum locis illarum pretio subselia 
erigantur & praeterea eos libros ex quorum lecflione nihil 
prassentis utilitatis capi potest ita tamen quod pecunia in 
illis reponatur cistis unde sumuntur libri, & reliqui si qui 
utiles reperti fuerint qui modo tineis & blattis coroduntur 
& corrumpuntur in communi vestra bibliotheca cathe- 
nentur & si quid pecuniae supersit reponatur in cista 
communi.' 

The Royal Injundions of this year forbidding the 
study of Canon Law, the school on the west side 
on the ground floor, previously given to this, was 
assigned to Logic. ^ 

1536. 
Extra<5ts from Robert Stokes, the Junior Pro<5lor's, 
accounts : 

Expenses ffor y^ Reparationes off the lybraryes oth 

common scholys. 

In primis to one laborer for diggyng one dore thorow 

the brick wall iiij • 

Item for naylles to the settyng vp off the braise an 

thangell in y*^ gret lybrary ij'^- 

Item for the removyng off the bookes and makyng 

clene off the lybraryes xij'^. 

Item to my servandes helpyng vp off y^ lede and downe 

and contynuall watyng vpon the workmen by the 

space off three weekes to take hed to the bookes and 

lede ij' 

' Grace Book T, fol. 152^. " Willis and Clark, ill, 20. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 45 

1536-7. 

Item to the provlncyall off the austen-frers for ilj C 
and j quarter off old lede xij^ vj''. 

Item to James caryer for 7 C and 3 quart, of lede 
caryng from bennytt colledge to the blak frers and 
6 new webbes from y'^ frers to the scholys vj^ 

Item to M"" generall off the blake frers for one foder 
and a halff off lede almost all in webbes vj'' xiij' iiij''. 

Item to Roger glasyer for glase, workmanship and 
byndyng off all such quaryes as were loose in y^ 
new lybrary x® 

Item to James the caryer for bryngyng from the blak 
frers 7 C off lede to benyt colledge wich the 
vnyuersite borowed off them, and for caryng the 
gret long ledder ffrome the scholys to the blak frers 

vj- 

Item I dyd gyve among ix or x scholers for takyng 
the seid ledder down ij"*. 

Item for carrying away from afore the scholys dust 
that was cast owt off the tower ' ii^. 



1540. 

Roger Ascham in this year borrowed the work 
of Polyaenus to transcribe.^ 

1541. 

Sir John Cheke this year borrowed commen- 
taries on Homer and Hesiod for sixteen months in 
order to edit them, his printer, Veale, to give 
security for their return with copies of the printed 
edition. 3 

' Grace Book B, fol. 575. ^ Grace Book F, fol. i-job. 

3 Grace Book F, fol. I'j^a. 



46 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1543- 
Cheke borrowed in this year Leo ' de aciebus 

instruendis ' under a bond of five pounds. The 

book was to be returned before Christmas, 1544.' 

The old library had fallen by this time into 

complete decay, and it was determined to use the 

room for a new theological school : — ' formandi ex 

vetusta bibliotheca novam scholam theologicam 

quoniam ut nufic nulli est usui & formosior schola 

ex ea formari potest quam ulla est reliquarum.'^ 

This arrangement remained in force until 1586, 

when the room was restored to its original use. 

1549. 
John Bale, in the introdu6lion to a register of 
English writers, annexed to 'The Laboryouse 
Journey and Serche of Johan Leland,' published 
about this time, says : 

Sens I returned home agayne from Germany, whereas 
1 both collefted and emprented my symple worke, de 
Scriptoribus Britannicis i haue for the full correccyon and 
further augmentacyon of the same, perused many libraries 
both in Cambridge and Oxforde. In the famouse cytye of 
London, is but one knowne library, so farre as I can learne. 

This year the West Room, which had so far been 
known as the Terence School, was converted to 
the study of Rhetoric by the Visitors of King 
Edward the Sixth. ^ 

1550. ^ 

Among the Junior ProcSlor's accounts i'^ 

Item pro mundanda bibliotheca. et exportando pulvere 
et fimo columbarum vi^.^ 

' Grace Book A, fol. 3^. ^ Grace Book A, fol. iq/- (Luard 43). 

3 Willis and Clark, iii, 20. ^ Audit Book, 1545-69, fol. 33/-. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 47 

1556. 
The Catalogue of the Library written by Hugh 
Gwin, junior pro(5lor, is preserved,' and enumerates 
172 volumes, set out in shelf order; ten stalls on 
the right hand, and ten on the left. Seventeen 
years from this time the library only contained 
five more volumes. 

1561. 

At the end of the University accounts for this 
year occurs : 

Memorandum quod duae sunt obligationes magistri 
Jo. Cheke pro quibusdam libris mutuo acceptis e publica 
bibliotheca academic que remanent in custodia D. vice- 
cancellarii.^ 

I 564. 

August 5. Queen Elizabeth was in the build- 
ing, if not in the library, during her visit to 
Cambridge.^ 

1566. 

November 23. Specimen of the voucher of this 
period : 

Memorandum that I Thomas Byng Orator of thuniver- 
sitie of Cambridge have borowed of M"" D. Beaumont 
Vicechancellor of the same vniversitie, one of the univer- 
sitie books entituled 'AiXtavov aTparnyiKa written in greek. 

In witnes whereof I have to these presents subscribed my 
name the day & year above written. 

Thomas Byng.^ 

' Prodors' Accounts, Audit Book, fol. 60^. 

^ Audit Book, fol. 90^. 

3 J. Caius, ' Hist. Canteb. Acad.' (1574), p. 88. 

■* Registry MS. 31.2.2. A note by H. Bradshaw says : ' There 
is no further trace of the history of the volume, any more than of 
those borrowed by Sir John Cheke. MS. Add. 4560, pp. 21-2. 



48 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1572. 

A view of the library in this year is found in 
Archbishop Parker's ' De antiquitate Britannicae 
Ecclesia'' (Lond., 1572, F^.). 

1573- 

Two catalogues made in this year of the books 
in the library still exist. They show an increase 
of only five volumes, and one list adds that there 
are thirty chains 'lacking their books' on one side 
of the library, and twenty-six ' voied chaynes ' on 
the other, and notes : ' Most parte of all theis 
books be of velam and parchment but very sore 
cut and mangled for the lymned lettres and 
pictures.' ^^ 

February. 

Mr Stokes, 

I have not forgotyn y^ Vniuersitie in my talk 
with my Lord of Canterbury and my Lord of Winchester, 
as you shall know at my returne. In the meantyme I 
praye you send me the just lenkthe, breadthe, haythe and 
number of all the stales in the Vniuersitie Librari and 
remove all the bokes of the furthermost stale on the right 
hand as you entre into y^ librari and place those bokes 
removed on other stalles in the librari and then wright 
what bokes be on every stale and I do trust to get of my 
L. a store of notable bokes to occupie the foresayde 
furthest stale and to have all ther names printyd that are 
on every stale. Yf you will have the waightes of brasse^ 

' Reproduced in S. Drake's edition of 1729. 

2 Liber Gratiarum A, fols. 33o/'-33ifl. 

3 The Elizabethan Bushel Measure, dated 1601, is still pre- 
served at the Registry. C.A.S. 'Proceedings,' xi, 219. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 49 

and the Q. Ma"" armes wright to me lykwise. Thus 
fare you well. From Lambeth the xiiij of Februarij 1573. 
You"" lovinge friende 

Andrew Perne.' 



1574. 
May 16. James Pilkington, bishop of Durham, 
gave twenty volumes.^ 

May 24. Mathew Parker, archbishop of Can- 
terbury, gave twenty manuscripts and twenty-five 
printed books. ^ 

September 22. Sir Nicholas Bacon gave seventy- 
three volumes. + Some of these are still distinguished 
by his gift-plate in colours, probably the earliest 
English bookplate. 

Robert Home, bishop of Winchester, gave fifty 
' Magna volumina.'s 

Caius in his ' Historia Cantebrigiensis Acade- 
miae,' published in this year, speaks of the books 
that had been by then stolen (suffurantium vitio). 
But he also gives a very clear account of the 

' Registry MS., 31. 2. 3. 
^ Donors' Book, p. 17. 

3 Donors' Book, p. 10. The contemporary list is on the fly- 
leaf of MS. Dd. 2. 5. 'In 1566 the then Dean and Chapter (of 
Exeter) had given to Abp. Parker that well-known MS. of the 
Anglo-Saxon Gospels, Leofric's gift to his Church, which was 
transferred by the Archbishop in 1574 to the University.' W. D. 
Macray, 'Annals' (1890), p. 28 note. Parker's gifts are described 
in Bernard's Catalogue of 1697 as preserved 'in cista quadam ' in 
the Library. 

4 Donors' Book. C. H. Cooper, ' Memorials,' iii, 67, says 103. 

5 Donors' Book. 



50 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

library at the time. He distributes the extant 
volumes under the following heads : 

1. Grammatica, Poetica. 

2. Dialedica, Philosophica. 

3. Rhetorica, Historica. 

4. Arithmetica, Geometria, Astronomia. 

5. Cosmographia, Musica. 

6. Biblica, Dodlores. 

7. Theologica. 

8. Legalia. 

Speaking of the two libraries he says: 'Altera privata 
nova, altera publica seu vetus dicebatur' (p. 39).' 
Among the Vice-chancellor's accounts :^ 

Item for 27 chaynes for the newe books' 
in the librarye vij^ vj'^ for 34 rynges 
xxij*^ for 4 libs of copper ij' viij'^ for 
wyer iiij^ for nayles ij'' to John Shires 
setting out 72 chaynes ij* to hillarye 
helping hym viij'' and for setting on my 
lorde keepers armes and wryting the 
names of the books and figures iij' vj^ 

Item for a frame for my lorde of Canter- 
buries armes xij'' & for a wryting deske } if v'f 



> xviij' viij'^. 



xvnj'^ 



}■' 



1575- 
February 27. This day came up to Cambridge 

John Bois, afterwards the famous divine and trans- 
lator of the Bible (d. 1644). He 'is said to have 
worked in the university library from four in the 
morning till eight at night.' ^ 

' Cf. ' Cat. of MSS.' i, pp. vii, viii. 

2 Audit Book, 1545-1659, fol. 129/- (given in Willis and Clark, 
iii, 431). 

3 His diary, 1627-39, is MS. Add. 3855. F. Peck, 'Desiderata,' 

ii, 329- 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 

1575-6. 
Among the Senior Pro6lor's accounts 



Item for bynding of xx bokys gcven by the "] 
Lorde keper & 
patet per billam 

1576 



Lorde keper & pro alijs necessarijs ut Wxij^ vij**. 



Thomas Perkinson, S.T.B., reftor of Willing- 
ham, presented a copy of the editio princeps of 
Homer (Florence, 1488, F^.)-' 

^577- 

July. This month W. James, M.A., of Peter- 
house, was elected librarian, at an annual stipend 
of ^10. Educated under Perse and probably 
chosen by him, he is probably the person who 
succeeded Matthew Stokys in this year as Registrar 
of King's College.^ 

At the same time a grace of the senate was 
passed (on loth July) fixing ^10 as a yearly 
stipend to the Keeper.'^ 

August 15. A letter was addressed by Giles 
Fletcher, deputy orator, to Wotton, nephew of the 
late Dean of Canterbury, Nicholas Wotton (d. 26 
January, 1567), partly of thanks and partly to beg 
some of his uncle's books for the University. 5 

Among the Senior Pro6lor's accounts : 

' Audit Book, 1 545-1 659, fol. 131 <^. 
* Donors' Book, p. 21. 

3 See Bradshaw, 'Coll. Papers,' p. 191. James only held office 
till Midsummer, 1581. 

•^ Grace Book A, fol. \2\b. 5 'Epp. Acad.' ii, 455. 



52 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

Item to widdow Brickman for certayne 
books brought in to the librarye at the 
commandment of the L keper and as ' ^ 
yet by his lordshipe not payed 

1580. 
June 22. On this day John Parker, a son of 
the Archbishop, presented a portrait of his father; 
and Edward Grant portraits of Lady Margaret, 
and of Robert earl of Leicester/ 

1581. 

Richard Moodie, formerly school-keeper,^ was 
appointed librarian with a salary of 5 marks a year. 

June 30. By grace passed this day graduates of 
the rank of B.A. contribute 4d., M.A. 8d., B.D. 
1 2d,, and all Do6tors i6d. for the Salary of the 
Librarian.-^ 

Ju/y 7. A Syndicate was appointed to draw 
up rules for the government of the library. 

Richard Barnes, bishop of Durham, gave ten 
books, 5 the list of which is preserved. 

December 6. On this day Theodore Beza pre- 
sented the famous Codex of the Four Gospels, 
known as Codex D, and also after himself Codex 
Bezas, to the University. In a letter he declares 
his reasons for depositing it here. 

Item for a boxe & cotton to send Ires to ^ 
theodorus beza who sent iij old books J>v^ 
to thuniversitie '' J 

' Audit Book, fol. 135. 

' Grace Book A, fol. 326 <^. The first and last are still in the 
Library. 3 Moodie only held office till 1583. 

* Grace Book A, fol. 134^. ^ Donors' Book, p. 21. 

^ Grace Book A, fol. 141^. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 52 



>■ xxviij^' 



Item to Mr. Thomas for byndyng books " 
geven by y^ bishop of Durham [R. 
Barnes] viz for Chronica Othonis ij' 
iiij'* Rosimi ij' iiij'', Crispini duobus iiij' 
viij"* hispanie ij' vj'' p. Jovij opera 2''"' 
v' theatr hortelij v' Cronitrij S^euop! y' 
iiij** ejusdem Danea suecia &c ij^ vj'' & 
certayne statutes with strings ij' ij'^ 

1582. 
Payments :^ 

Item Richardo Modye & henrico frogg pro custodia 
librarie Ixvj^ viij'^. 

1583- 

Henry Frogge, of Trinity College, was appointed 
librarian this year.^ 

March 2. Bishop Whitgift borrows the Codex 
Bezae, on a bond of ^\o^ not to go away from 
Cambridge. 

In the Vice-Chancellor's accounts :+ 

Item to mr Stokys for thexchange of the centuries ^ in 
7 volumes xij', for iengthenyng of xiv chaynes x"^ 
for chayning certayne books in the librarye iij^ iiij'' 

.584. 

October 10. Bishop Whitgift allowed the Codex 
Bezas again. 

05iober 12. Lupoid von Wedel, a German 
noble, saw the Codex Bezae on this day. 

To Kameriz or Kamerich (Cambridge) twelve miles. 
Here is a high school, and we visited the Colleges fourteen 
in number ; in one of them we saw a book which one of 

' Fol. 142. - Univ. Audit Book, fol. 143 verso. 

3 Scrivener, pp. x, xiv. He held office till 1587. 

•» Audit Book, fol. 145 verso. 5 See p. 54. 



54 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

the disciples of St. John the Evangelist had written with 
his own hands. It was in Greek.' 

December i6. Boethius borrowed, under a bond, 
by Robson of St. John's, on this day, 

George Gardiner, dean of Norwich, presented 
'Ecclesiastica Historia Magdeburgica' (Basil, 1564), 
in seven volumes.^ 

In the Vice-chancellor's accounts:^ 

Item for a carte to bring certayne written books ] 
from peter howse to the schooles gyven by | 
m' D' perne to the Hbrarye x*^ for twoe y' did \ \f 
helpe to lade and unlade the same viij'^ and | 
for one booke browght from London vj'^ J 

1586. 
December 16. It was decided to restore the 
Old Library, now known as the First Room, 
which had been converted into a new Theological 
School in 1547. A Grace providing for this was 
passed this day;+ and from the University Audit 
Book we learn the expenses incurred : ^ 

Item for the changes of y^ librarye vt per librum 

cxxv" xiij^ iiij"*. 

1587. 

John Matthew was appointed librarian this year 
in succession to Henry Frogge.^ 

About this time the University made an official 
request for books. 

^ Royal Historical Society, Trans. N. S. ix, p. 249. 
« Donors' Book, p. 46. 3 Fol. 147. 

4 Grace Book A, fol. 153^. ^ Fol. 148^. 

6 He held office till 1 594. The first payment appears MS. 1587- 
MS. 1588, fol. 150 verso. See R. Bowes, 'Printers,' pp. 335-6. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. SS 

August 24. The letter is preserved in which 
Lord Lumley promised books and duplicates to 
the library : 

To the right worshipful) my very loving freendes the 
Vicechancellor, the non Regents, & Regents, in the 
Vniversitie of Cambr. 
Were I as able to declare my love vnto learnyng as I am 
willing to wytnesse my afFedion to yo*^ Vniuersitie you 
should bothe receive greater monuments for common 
benefitt, and my best furtherance for yo' honest studdies. 
I have not been inflexible to yo"" request, as yo' solicito""^ 
can reporte, neyther wylbe vnmindful of yo"" peticion, as 
the advente shall prove. Yet let not the staye of present 
performance take awaye yo' right judgement of my intente. 
For my purpose is to conferre the catalogue of yo' bookes 
with myne, and the Authors w""'' I fynd double, and be 
wanting in yo"" librarie, I promys shalbe yours. Whereto 
I wyll ioyne some convenient nomber of other bookes, as 
an increase of my former inclination, and good wyll 
towards you. Thus desiring onlye yo*" good tolleracion 
of some tyme, and a friendlie acceptance of yo' assured 
frendly disposition, I commit you to gods good favo"". 
From Nonesuche this xxiiij of Aug. 1587. 
Yo" assuredly 

Lumley.' 

The books did not come for ten years, but the gift 
then was a noble one. The history of the colleftion 
will be found at the later date (061ober, 1597). 

1588. 
March 20. William Chaderton, bishop of 
Chester, formerly president of Queens' College, 
gave the Bomberg Hebrew Bible in 4 vols. F^.^ 

' Registry MSS. 'Liber Rer. Memorab.,' fol. 187^ (178 :)• 
^ Donors' Book, pp. 21, 40. 



56 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1589. 
April 26. This day died Dr. Andrew Perne, 
dean of Ely, and the library's great benefaftor. 
His Will,' dated 25th February, 1588, contains 
the following : 

Item. I do give to the Chancellor Masters & Scholars 
of the University of Cambridge ... to the augmentation 
of a stipend of a learned scholar that shall be appointed 
for the safe keeping of the books of the University 
Library forty shillings yearly, for that I being the chief 
procurer of all the said books did promise the giver of 
them towards a stipend for the safe keeping of the same 
for ever by orders of the University the which I would 
wish always to be done by one that is both honest faithful 
and learned. . . . 

Item. I do give my greatest black book of Antiquities 
of Gold & Silver and coynes of Emperors & Consuls of 
Rome and other antiquities in the same to the Chancellor 
Masters & Scholars of the University of Cambridge and 
their successors, to be kept always in the inward Library 
of the University in a chest with three keys whereof the 
Vice Chancellor to have one, & the two Prodors to 
have eyther of them another.' 

1591. 
May I. This day died Thomas Lorkin,3 M.D., 
Regius Professor of Physic. He bequeathed a 
valuable colledlion of medical works (about 140 in 
number). 

I Diocesan Registry, Peterborough. It appears that the Uni- 
versity Librarian is an ex-officio Visitor of the Peterhouse Library. 
His visit takes place towards the end of April, and for this he 
receives one shilling from the College Bursar (Registry MS. 31.2. 6). 

- Cooper ('Memorials,' iii, 68) gives these under 1581, and adds 
that the colledtions are now in the Fitzwilliam Museum. 

3 He was educated at Peterhouse. See D.N.B. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 57 

William Cecil, Lord Burghley, and Chancellor 
1559-98, gave during his chancellorship a number 
of Greek and Latin authors in law and medicine.' 

1591-2. 
Item for writei ng a Catalogue of such bookes ) ...g ....^ 

as D' Larkln gave to the Vniuersitie j ^ ^ ' 

Item to Birdsall the ioyner for a presse for \ 

D"" Larkins bookes by the hands of M' [ P. 

Smith Bedell ' ) 

1593- 
Item to m"' Duckett for a keye and certayne \ 

hengills about the library & to one that I ..^ ^ 3 
made cleane the library for him at diverse [ ^ 
tymes ) 

It would appear from this that Gabriel Duckett, 
M. A. Trin., was appointed librarian before Michael- 
mas, 1594, in succession to John Matthew.'^ 

1594. 
This year Robert Hare presented MS. Ff. 6. 13. 
December 10. This day the books bequeathed 
by T. Lorkin in 1 59 1 were received at the Library. 5 

1596. 

The handsome plaster-work upon the ceiling 
of the Catalogue Room may be attributed to a date 
not earlier than this year. It contains at the west 
end on the north side the arms of Jegon. John 
Jegon, D.D., Master of Corpus Christi College, 

' He was educated at Peterhouse. See D.N.B. 

2 Univ. Audit Book, fol. i6i <^. ^ lb. 165. 

4 lb. fol. 170 verso. He held office till 1623. 

5 Donors' Book, p, 24. 



58 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

was Vice-Chancellor from 1596 to 1599, and the 
arms have been attributed to him,' 

1 597-, 
OBober 20. Lord Lumley's promise of ten years 
earlier was now remembered, and on this day 
Anthony Watson, bishop of Chichester, wrote to 
the Vice-Chancellor : 

To the right Wor" my very good friend M' D' Jegon, 
Vicechancellor of the Vniuersitie of Cambridge. 
Sir, it was a parte of my Lord Lumley, his promise, to 
the Vniuersitie of Cambridge, that such Bookes as were 
double in his library, & not conteyned in their Catalogue, 
should be bestowed vppon their Library. 
That promise is now performed, and the said bookes are 
sent by Hobson the Charrier, whose names as also the 
Kyes of the hampers I have enclosed in this letter, pray- 
inge you to give ordre that they may be receyved & that 
my Lord may understand of your good acceptance, which 
may be some inducement to a better remembrance. When 
D' Howland now Bishopp of Peterborough was Vice- 
chancellor, I obtayned to satisfy my Lord Lumleyes 
desire an old copy of Boetius englished, which at the 
appointed tyme was restored. My Lord is now againe 
desirous to see the same Booke, for which I will give my 
word or letter, or any caution that it shall be safely sent 
backe, when he hath taken his pleasure. Thus with my 
harty commendations, wishing all happinesse to yourselfe 
and the whole Vniuersitie, I committ you to the tuition 
of the all mighty god. Odlober 20"' 

Your assured lovinge frend 

Antho : Cicestrensis.- 

' Willis and Clark, 'Arch. Hist.' iii, 82. He was Vice-Chan- 
cellor again 1601-1602. His brother. Dr. Thomas Jegon, Master 
of the same College, was Vice-Chancellor 1608-9. 

2 Registry MS. Letters, 1596-7, p. 123. Cf. U.L.C. MS. 
Mm. I. 35, p. 375 sqq. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 59 

OSiober 22. The letter was acknowledged by the 
Vice-Chancellor, who apparently was so grateful 
that he entirely forgot the Boethius, though offering 
' if there be aught wherein you may use my service, 
to command me.'' Bishop Watson replied on the 
27th, asking for it again. ^ 

November 2. This day the thanks of the Uni- 
versity were offered to Lord Lumley and to the 
bishop, and in turn acknowledged by the latter 
on the 30th. 5 The books were eighty-seven in 
number. 

1597-8. 

In the University accounts appears i"^ 

Item to Hobson for carienge bookes given to I .g ....^ 
the Vniuersitie by the Lord Lumley j J ^^'J * 

1599. 
Item spent by m"" Brooke about Lettres to y^ 
Chancellor, y^ L. Lumley, ^ L. B. of I 
Chichester about bookes given to the 
Librarie vt patet per billam 
Item for a paire of gloues presented then by m' Brooke 

vj* viij'^ 5 
1600. 
In this year appeared Thomas James' ' Ecloga 
Oxonio-Cantabrigiensis ' (London, 4^), containing 
an account of the MSS. in this library. He gives 
them as 259 in number. Archbishop Parker's 
MS. donations are given separately, the list not 
being quite accurate.^ 

' Registry MS. Letters, 1596-7, p, 120. - lb. 126. 

3 lb. 129, 130, 143. 4 Audit Book, fol. 176/'. 5 lb. ijSb. 

^ The MSS. appear, at some time in the seventeenth century, 
to have borne the number given by James. See MS. Ee. 6. 11, 
which still bears ' 181 ' printed in gold on the back. 



6o ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1601. 
Philip Baker, formerly provost of King's College 
(1558-69), at this time resident beyond seas, pre- 
sented Gregorius de Valentia ' Commentarii.' 4 
torn. Venetiis, 1598-1601. F^.' 

1603. 
March 24. 'The reign of James the First, is 
an entire blank in the library. A volume of the 
King's own works, with a letter signed by the 
King, and two volumes of Bacon's given by him- 
self, are the only matters to be noticed during the 
first quarter of the seventeenth century.' ^ 

1603-4. 
The University fee for bachelors at this time 
was 4d. per head. The following entry in the 
Audit Book will show its extent i^ 

Item solutum Magistro Duckett pro feodo ^ 

sue in custodiendo [sic] Bibliothecas ad \ iij'' 'f 4"* 
184 Bachalaureos pro singulis 4^^ in toto J 

1605. 
Lionel Ducket, fellow of Jesus College, this year 
gave three books.^- 

1606. 
The charges for the library at this time were : 
M.A.'s 8d., Dodlors of Divinity and Physic as 
usual. The amount paid this year was £6 12s. ' 

' [G*. 8. 7-10.] See Donors' Book, p, 46, and A. Austen 
Leigh, ' King's College,' s.v. 

- Henry Bradshaw, 'Colleded Papers,' pp. 193-4. ^ Fol. 198. 
+ Donors' Book, p. 46. 5 Univ. Audit., fol. 202 verso. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 6i 

1607-8. 

The number of Inceptors in Arts paying the 
library fee this year was 143, and Doftors 10; 
Inceptors in Medicine and Law 6 ; Bachelors in 
Theology 33.' 

1 6 10. 

July 28-9. Casaubon, on the occasion of his 
visit to Cambridge, does not seem to have visited 
the library.^ He was shown over the Colleges, the 
morning after his arrival, by Richard Thomson, his 
old correspondent. 3 But during the three months 
following this date, while this distinguished man 
was living at Downham with Bishop Andrewes, it 
appears that he drew on Cambridge for books. 
The account of the books read by him then is 
still extant. He stayed again in Cambridge at 
the conclusion of the visit, and was entertained 
officially at the vice-chancellor's. He then saw 
over the rest of the colleges also.* 

OBober 28. On this day Archbishop Bancroft 
drew up his will bequeathing his library to his suc- 
cessors, and failing them to the college of Chelsea, 

^ Audit Book, fol. 208. 

^ He lodged at Peterhouse, the master of which, Dr. Richardson, 
afterwards Master of Trinity, lent him some books for use during 
his visit to Downham (Pattison's ' Life of Casaubon,' 2nd edition, 

P- 347)- 

3 'Hodie mane Collegia Cantabrigiensia lustravimus, Pembroke- 
anum, Reginale, Regale, Clarense in quo Thomson, Caii medici, 
item Trinitatis, et S. lohannis quae duo postrema omnium sunt 
quae ha6lenus vidi maxima et magnificentissima' (' Ephemerides,' 
ed. Russell, ii, 855). 

4 The University Audit Book contains the entry: 'Item pro 
expensis in excipiendis Dno Causabone & Dodtoribus tunc 
presentibus liij^ iij**.' 



62 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

and failing that to the University. The subsequent 
history of the library will be given later.' 

i6i I. 
April II. This day died Robert Hare, ofGon- 
ville Hall, antiquary. He spent the greater part 
of his life 'in colle6ting and arranging the numerous 
documents which elucidate the history, rights, and 
privileges of the University and Town of Cam- 
bridge. The result was a series of valuable volumes 
now preserved among the academical archives. 
These he presented to the University, receiving its 
special thanks, and being enrolled among its chier 
benefactors.'^ He gave two MSS. to the library. ^ 

1612-13. 

February 9. Some time previous to this date 
Thomas Erpenius probably visited this library ; for 
we are told that before his appointment as extra- 
ordinary professor of Oriental languages at Leyden 
(on this day) he visited the libraries of London, 
Oxford, Cambridge, Milan, Heidelberg, Venice, 
etc.* 

1613. 

A view of the University Library, engraved on 
copper by L. Gaultier, is to be found on the title- 
page of the Eton Chrysostom of this year. 

' See /)w/ 1645, 1647, etc. The Catalogue of Lambeth books 
is MS. Ff. 2. 34 and Oo. 7-51. 

^ D.N.B. The binding of one of the volumes of archives, with 
Hare's coat of arms, was discovered by Mr. F. Jenkinson in a shop 
in Botolph Lane, offered for sale in the form of a blotting case. 
He presented it to the Library in 1913. ^ Ff. 6, 11 and 13. 

4 J. E. B. Mayor, 'Visit to Cambridge of Z. C. von Uffenbach, 
published in 191 1. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 63 

1 614. 
August 19/ There was a deputation of the heads 
of houses to the Earl of Suffolk, Lord Treasurer, 
at Audley End, then newly elecSled Chancellor of the 
University,- to ask his countenance and authority 
for undertaking the new library. The business, 
however, was not concluded, and the heads re- 
turned to Cambridge ' having been very honour- 
ably entertained and richly feasted.' The deputa- 
tion must have been an imposing one. Lorkin, 
who describes the visit during the week, says that 
there were ' 20 Do(5lors in their formalities and upon 
their footeclothes, and four score other of a second 
and inferior rank. After dinner the Vicechancellor 
made a speech in Latine, which was seconded by 
another from the University Orator. His Lord- 
ship answered them in English, and announced 
that he had moved the King to pay a visit ^ to the 
University.' 

(Letter from Thomas Lorkin to Sir Thomas Puckering, 
who was then at Tours : 'The heads of y"" houses are the 
primi motores who are already about to buy y" soile, & 
to provide y^ materials.') 

Sir Fulke Greville Intended a gift of jTioo, to 
be returned if the ground was not fully prepared 
by ist November, 161 5. If the work was begun, 
he promised ^100 a year for ten years. If by that 
time it was not finished, the money was to be re- 

' The Tuesday before 20th August, according to T. Lorkin 
(Registry MS. 31. 2. 6«). 

- He had succeeded his uncle, Henry, Earl of Northampton, 
who had died. 

3 He came on 7th March next year, and again on 13th May. 



64 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

turned. The whole gift was conditional on at 
least £2^^ ^ y^^^ being spent on the building.' 

There was some question of purchasing this year 
the colle6lion of manuscripts made by William 
Crashaw. They were eventually bought by the 
Earl of Southampton (-f 1624), and presented by 
his heir to St. John's College, Cambridge. Brad- 
shaw, in speaking of an early Flemish engraving 
in this coUedlion, says of our loss on this occasion : 
' They have certainly been better cared for than 
they would have been if they had gone to the 
larger colledtion ; and the engraving . . . would 
have disappeared in company with Occleve's por- 
trait of Chaucer and other precious things which 
used to lie exposed to the common chance of 
pillage on the open shelves of the University 
Library in the eighteenth century.' The entry in 
the University accounts is : 

Item pro itinere Stationariorum London in examinanda 
bibliotheca Magistri Crashawe xxj' 

1615. 

Stephen Perse, M.D., senior fellow of Gonville 
and Caius College, bequeathed this year ^100 
towards a new library, on condition that it was 
commenced within five years. ^ 

The eleventh part of Sir Edward Coke's Reports, 
published this year, was presented by the author. 4 

' MSS. Gonv. and Cai. 73 (51). Not signed nor dated. 

2 Audit Book, fol. 232. H. Bradshaw, 'Coll. Papers,' 250-1. 

3 C. H. Cooper, 'Memorials,' iii, 68. 

4 Donors' Book, p. 20. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 65 

1616. 

Francis Godwin in his ' De praesulibus ' has a 
passage in praise of Rotherani's Library.' 

Patrick Young, Hbrarian to James I and Charles 
I, collated Codex Bezae about this time.^ 

Pierre de Laune presented the French transla- 
tion of the Book of Common Prayer with an 
inscription. 5 

John Pits, dying this year, leaves but a sparse 
account of the library. (' Relationum pars I,' 
1619, 4to, p. 51.) 

1619. 

February 17. Robert Johnson, the founder of 
Oakham and Uppingham Schools, in a letter to 
Gwynn, the master of St. John's, says : 

I heard there was the purpose of building a new library 
... I know some that would furder it much. I praye 
you help it forward, it would be a most worthy monument 
to the benefit of posteritye.'* 

1620. 
King James the First presented a copy of his 
works, with a prefatory inscription in Latin re- 
hearsing his desire to find a safe repository for 
them and the advantages of Cambridge in this 
respe6l.5 

' Quoted in Louis Jacob ' Trai6le des plus belles bibliotheques,' 
Paris, 1644, i2mo, p. 270. ^ Scrivener, p. xiii. 

3 [B* 5. 26 (D).] Pierre de Laune, Peterhouse. See W. J. C. 
Moens, 'Tfie Walloons and their Church at Norwich' (Huguenot 
Society Publications), vol. i, pp. 230-1. 

4 Registry MS. 31. 2. 7. With it are two copies of a draft of a 
reply encouraging him to get subscriptions. 

5 Copy signed Robt. Naunton. Registry MS. Vol. of Letters, 
F°, no. 2. Also 'Epp. Acad.' ii, 799. 



66 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

May 1 8. The University answered in a letter 
couched in extravagant language, already printed 
more than once/ 

In the University accounts : ^ 

Item to WoodrofFe for making the deske for the Kinges 
book ^13 ,. 6 ,, 8. 

Item to Moody for trimming the desk ut patet per 
billam^ ;^io .> 13 „ 2 

December 16. Richard Montague, B.D., borrows 
Gildas and Nennius' ' Historia Britonum ' under 
bond for eight months."^ 

OSiober 31. This day Francis Bacon, Lord 
Verulam, the lord chancellor, presented a copy of 
his ' Novum Organon,' with a Latin letter.5 

November 4. The thanks of the University were 
conveyed to him in a letter by the public orator, 
George Herbert. 5 

Item for entertaininge the messenger that brought 1 

the L"* Chancellor Bacons booke to the Uni- \ xxx^ 
uersitie*^ J 

The Vice-Chancellor's account supplements this 
with the following entry 'J 

'^ Cooper, 'Annals,' iii, 134, from Herbert's 'Remains,' 213. 
For an account of the reception of a similar gift to Oxford, see 
Hearne, ' Reliquiae Hearnianae,' ed. Bliss, i, 74-6. 

^ There is an entry in the college books at Caius College this 
year: 'for carrying up to the Treasury the chaines and the iron 
barres that were taken from the bookes and off the desks in the 
library.' Venn, ' Caius College,' p. 259. 

3 Univ. Audit Book, fol. 255. ^ Grace Book Z, p. 19. 

5 'Epp. Acad.,' ii, 800. Printed in Bacon's 'Letters and Life,' 
ed. Spedding, vol. vii, pp. 135-6. 

^ Audit Book, fol. 256. ? lb. 257. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. (^j 

Imprimis to M' Jones my L"" Chancellor his 1 
gentleman who brought my L''' newe booke \ xj" 
to y^ Vniversitie J 

1622. 
yune 25. This day it was ordained that the 
University printer should send a bound copy of 
every book printed by him to the library within a 
month, under penalty of four times its price/ 

1623. 

This year Thomas Brooke, M.A., Trinity Col- 
lege, was appointed librarian in succession to 
Gabriel Duckett/ 

Bacon also presented his ' De augmentis scien- 
tiarum ' to the University, with a Latin letter/ 

1624. 
November 13. The date of the death of Thomas 
Erpenius leads us to the history of the donation to 
the University by the Duke of Buckingham, then 
Chancellor, and his widow, of the MSS. of this 
distinguished linguist. It is best told in Sir Henry 
Wotton's words : 

Here it were injurious to overslip a noble ad in the 
duke during the employment [of pawning the crown 
jewels at the Hague in 1625] which I must, for my part, 
celebrate above all his expenses : there was a colle6tion of 
certain rare manuscripts, exquisitely written in Arabick . . . 
whereof the duke getting knowledge . . . gave . . . for 
them £1^00 ; a sum above their weight in silver, and a 

' Grace Book Z, p. 40. 

2 He held office till 1629, and is possibly identical with the 
printer of this name. See R. Bowes, ' List of Printers,' p. 298. 

3 'Epp. Acad.' ii, 541. Printed in Bacon's 'Letters and Life,' 
ed. Spedding, vii, 438-9. 



68 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

mixed a6l, both of bounty and charity, the more laudable, 
being out of his natural element.'' 

1626. 

"June 16. Archbishop Ussher to Sam. Ward: 
' I have dealt with your chancellor very effectually 
for the erefting of your library, to w^hich he is of 
himself exceedingly forward : I have procured him 
to send unto Leyden for all the printed books of 
Erpenius his library ; which, together with his 
manuscripts which he hath already, he purposeth 
to bestow on your university. I have also per- 
suaded him to send thither /or the matrices of the 
Syriac, Arabick, ^thiopick, and Samaritan letters, 
and to bestow them likewise upon you.' 

June 23. Same to same: 'Since I wrote unto 
you last, I have received intelligence from Leyden, 
that both Erpenius's printed books are already sold; 
and his matrices of the Oriental tongues are bought 
by Elzevir the printer there ; so that you must now 
content yourselves with his manuscripts only, which 
are a very rare treasure indeed, and for which your 
university shall rest much beholden unto your 
chancellor.'^ 1627. 

March 24. Letter of Joseph Mead to Sir Martin 
Stuteville : ' We talk here of a magnificent library 
which our great Chancellor will build, and bestow 
no less toward it than £jooo presently.' ^ 

^ ' Life and Death of George Villiers,' duke of Buckingham. 
Quoted by Professor Mayor in his 'Uffenbach,' ut infra^ and by 
Professor E. G. Browne, in the 'Journal of the Royal Asiatic 
Society,' July, 1894, pp. 419 seq. See post 1632 and 1633. The 
MSS. are in Bernard's ' Catalogus,' nos. 2440-2502. 

^ J. E. B. Mayor, 'Visit to Cambridge of Z. C. von Uffenbach.' 

3 Heywood and Wright, ii, 357. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 69 

Certificate respedting the site and houses to be 
pulled down for the new library, 1627.' 

August 7. This day Gerard Johann Vossius pre- 
sented his ' De historicis latinis ' with a long Latin 

letter.^' , o 

1628. 

On 1 8th January, 1 851, Mr. C. Howard Kenyon 
communicated to ' Notes and Queries ' (Ser. I, iii, 
37) the following sonnet, said to have been pub- 
lished in a ' Colle6tion of Recent and Witty Pieces 
by several eminent hands,' London, printed by 
W. S. for Simon Waterson, 1628, p. 109: 

On the Librarie at Cambridge. 
In that great maze of books I sighed and said, — 
It is a grave-yard, and each tome a tombe ; 
Shrouded in hempen rags, behold the dead, 
Coffined & ranged in crypts of dismal gloom, 
Food for the worm and redolent of mold. 
Traced with brief epitaph in tarnished gold — 
Ah, golden lettered hope ! — ah dolorous doom ! 
Yet mid the common death, where all is cold, 
And mildewed pride in desolation dwells, 
A few great immortalities of old 
Stand brightly forth — not tombes but living shrines, 
Where from high sainte or martyr virtue wells. 
Which on the living yet work miracles, 
Spending a relic wealth richer than golden wines. 

J. M. 1627.3 

' Heywood and Wright, ii, 359, 

^ 'Epp. Acad.' ii. 543. He gave three other books and one 
manuscript. See Donors' Book. p. 40. 

3 As Milton was in residence at Cambridge from 1625 to 1632 
it was natural that Mr. Kenyon should ask: 'Is it possible that 
this may be an early and neglected sonnet of Milton's ? ' But the 
question has not been favourably answered. No copy of the 
* Colledtion ' is known to exist. 



70 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1628. 

August 23. This day the Duke of Buckingham, 
Chancellor of the University, and a good friend to 
its library, was assassinated by John Felton. 

September 30. This day died Fulke Greville, 
Lord Brooke, who bequeathed ^100 towards a new 
library, with ^(^loo a year for its endowment, 
provided the building should be finished within a 
prescribed period.' 

1629. 

This year Michael Honywood, fellow of Christ's, 
afterwards Dean of Lincoln, gave Bradwardinus 
' De Causa Dei,' London, 1618, Fo. ; John Alsop 
gave ' Briggij professoris savilliani, Oxonio-Canta- 
brigiensis, Logarithmeticam,' London, 1624; 
Mr. Clapham, Londiniensis, M. A., Christ's College, 
gave Novum Testamentum (Ebr., Grec. Lat. and 
German) ; William Williams, bookseller, of Cam- 
bridge, gave ' Draudij Bibliotheca,' Francofurti, 
1625.^ 

August 27. A letter from Dr. John Boys to 
Abraham Wheelock, S.T.B., Trinity College, shows 
Wheelock already hoping to succeed Thomas 
Brooke as librarian. He must have been ap- 
pointed shortly afterwards, as on 26th September 
he gave his bond in accordance with the statutes 
of 1582,3 for jr20o for due discharge of his duties 
as librarian.''- He held office till 1653. Sixteen 
volumes are entered as his gift in the Donors' 
Book, p. 41. A curse by him is in MS. Ff. 4. 32. 

^ Cooper Memorials, iii, 69. 

2 Registry MS. 31. 2. 9. Donors' Book, pp. 40-1. 

"^ " " ' [46. ^ Registry, Drawer xxxi, i. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 71 

1630. 

September 12. In a letter from William Bedwell 
to Abraham Wheelock, on this day, the writer 
renews his promise to bestow his Alcoran upon 
the library.' 

Bishop Joseph Hall's ' Occasional Meditations,' 
published first in this year, contains the lines 'Upon 
the sight of a great Library,' inspired in all proba- 
bility by this library. 

Books were presented by Dr. Love, Clare Hall; 
Henry Hopkins, formerly fellow of Clare ; John 
Siclemor, of Ipswich ; and D'. Barnes, of Clare. ^ 

1631. 

William Bedwell, sometime fellow of Trinity 
College, fulfilled his promise by presenting an 
' Alcoranum Mahumeds Arabicum,' and other 
books were given by the librarian, by John Hey- 
ward, re6tor of Coton (co. Cambs.) and Mr. PhiHps, 
former fellow of Magdalene. ^ 

'June 1 1. The librarian to have 5 marks annually ,+ 
to be paid in two equal portions at the Feast of 
the Annunciation and Michaelmas. 

' The Tournament of Tottenham ' was pubhshed 
by William Bedwell this year, from a manuscript 
in this library. 5 

' Original in MS. Dd. 3, 12, with other letters. 

2 Registry MS. 31. 2. 9. Donors' Book, pp. 2i and 44 (omit- 
ting Barnes). 

3 Ibid. ■* Grace Book Z, p. 213, and MS. Mm. 5, 53. 
5 .MS. Ff. 5. 48. It was then attributed to Gilbert Pilkington, 

as also in the reprint by R. Butcher, in his ' Survey of Stamford,' 
in 17 1 7. Pilkington was merely the transcriber. Tliomas 
Wright reprinted the 'Tournament' in 1836, in 12". 



72 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1632. 

yu7ie 13. The University sent a Latin letter' 
to the dowager Duchess of Buckingham, containing 
condolences, nearly four years late, on her husband's 
murder. An English petition, ' no doubt,' says 
Professor J. E. B. Mayor, ' sent with the above,' 
prayed for the library of Erpenius.^ To this the 
duchess replied : ' The manuscripts you desire are 
not as yett in my power, yett I will endeavour to 
gett them, and prevent your sending againe unto 
mee in this particular.' The books came in the 
same month. 

The inscription upon the press containing the 
books was on vellum, framed : 

Quod felix faustumque sit reipublicae litterariae. Codices 
eleganter manu exaratos, nostro orbi hospites, universo 
vix parabiles,ad hastam locates a Thomae Erpenii Leidensis 
vidua magno pretio coemptos a magno duce Bukingamae, 
turn temporis apud ordines Belgii legato, cancellario postea 
nostro, nobisque inter cetera quae divinus heros medita- 
batur ingentia donaria Cantabrigiensibus donates, non 
nisi Cantabrigiae servari tandem voluit principis praecel- 
lentiss. fidissima coniux, maestissima (proh scelus et dolor !) 
vidua pientissimaque Catharina, ducissa Buckinghamiae, 
mense iunio mdcxxxii.^ 

William Bedwell, M.A., bequeathed a MS. 
Arabic lexicon with types for printing.* 

^ 'Epp. Acad.' ii, 603. It is also given in Add. MS. 3126 
(fol. 55). 

^ Baker MS. 33, p. 214-5 (transcripts in Registry MS. 31.2. 9^). 

3 The inscription was seen and copied by Uffenbach, when he 
visited the library on 5th August, 17 10. It has long vanished, 
and no other copy, as far as I am aware, exists. 

4 For a full account of this and its subsequent history see 
D.N.B. iv, 120 a (by W. Robertson Smith). 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 73 

OBober. The University Audit Book for this 
academic year contains the following entries : 

For the carriage of the Arabicke bookes to and from 
the schooles i' o^' 

Paid to Edward Woodruffe for a presse for the Arabicke 
bookes £6.'^ 

Item for carrying the Trunke of bookes to the schooles 
y^ second time i' o"^.^ 

In this year Caleb Dalechamp presented his 
'Christian Hospitalitie ' (Cambridge, 1632, 4°), 
with a MS. inscription. 

1633. 
M' Clerks charges that brought M' Bedwells 

bookes 2" 1 6' 6^ 

Item to Edward Woodruffe for a newe 

presse in the Library on the East side 500 
Item to Anthony Nicholson for binding 

vpp the old Manuscripts in the Library 13 o o 
Item to the Smith for Locks, barrs and 

plates for the presse in the Library for 

the Dukes bookes 140 

Item for wrighting the Dukes inscription 

vpon his deske of bookes in the Library"* 10 o 

January 13. A royal decree was issued to Laud 
for the purchase of Greek type to print MSS. from 
the Royal Library or the Libraries of the Universi- 
ties of Oxford and Cambridge. 5 

1635- 
February 14. On the fly-leaf of MS. Dd. 8. 14 
is the following inscription : 

14th Feb. 1635. This booke, intituled Compilationes 
Roberti Prions de Berlintona in Epistolas Pauli Apostoli, 

I Univ. Audit Book, fol. 313. ^//;. 314. ^Z-^. 315. '' /^. 324-5. 
5 T. B. Reed, 'Hist, of Old English Letter Foundries,' p. 143. 



74 



ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 



being bequeathed to the publike Library of this Univer- 
sity of Cambridg by the last Will and Testament of Mr 
Thomas Peirson, Re6lor of Brampton Brian in the County 
and Diocess of Hereford, sometimes Master of Arts in 
Emanuele Colledg, was brought and delivered by Mr 
Christopher Hardy one of the Executors of the saide Mr 
Peirson. 

This Mr Peirson was in his yonger days a frequent 
coadjutor to the great theologue Mr Perkins.' 

1636. 
About this time the library became possessed of 
the manuscript of Waterhouse's Songs, the inscrip- 
tion in which is here set out : 

The gyfte of M'' Henry Bury clerke deceased ; that 
branch of his last Will which concerneth this book is as 
followeth, viz. Item my will is that my two song bookes, 
either of which containeth all M' Waterhouse' song of 2 
parts in one, upon the plaine song of Myserere about a 
1000 waies, shall be given, the one of them to Oxford & 
the other to Cambridge ; whear I hope they shall be kept 
or published in print for the credit of Englishmen and 
for better preserving & continewing that wonderful work. 

Wheelock's interest in Arabic studies is evident 
from the follow^ing:^ 

Item to him for Avicen in Arabick for the Vniuersitie 

Library 8" 10^ o^ 

1637. . 

^une 30. A letter from Sir Henry Spelman, to 

Wheelock, thanks him for the loan of Gildas and 

Simeon of Durham (probably Ff. i. 27). ^ 

August 4. In a letter to Wheelock, dated this 

' Cat. of MSS. i, 342. Cf. William Perkins. 

2 Audit Book, fol. 351. 3 Letter in MS. Dd. 3. 12. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. -j^ 

day, Sir Henry Spelman writes : 'Yesternight, late 
as I was going to bed, your transcript of some part 
oi iElfrick's Saxon Canons was brought me.' ' 

' As amanuensis of the public library,' Wheelock 
' came to be employed by Sir Henry Spelman to 
copy Anglo-Saxon manuscripts, and in order to 
remunerate him for his services, as well as to found 
a school of Anglo-Saxon, Spelman (who had en- 
deavoured without success to obtain promotion 
for him from the bishop of Ely) established in 
1638 a chair for a " ledturer and reader of the 
Saxon language and the history of our ancient 
British Churches," for which he provided a stipend, 
besides presenting Wheelock to the living ot 
Middleton in Norfolk.'" 

Michaelmas. 

Item to a painter for setting figures on 113 manuscripts 
in the Library'' 3* 4^*. 

Thomas Waley, vice-master of Trinity College, 
presented Varro ' De re rustica,' and a Hebrew 
manuscript."^ 

1638. 

June 12. Thomas Morton, bishop of Durham, 
having presented ^600 towards a new library, the 
University this day returned him their thanks in a 
Latin letter by the public orator, Robert Creighton.5 

Wheelock's further purchases included a ' Proclus 

' Original in MS. Dd. 3. 12. Printed in Camden Society, 
'Letters of Eminent Men,' p. 153, The letter is addressed to 
Wheelock, ' Arabick Lecturer, at his house near Queen's College, 
Cambridge.' 

^ D.N.B. s.v. Wheelock. 3 Univ. Audit Book, fol. 360. 

4 Donors' Book, p. 44. 5 'Epp. Acad.' ii, 619. 



76 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

his theolog : Platon ' and ' Eusebius his prepar : 
Euan : et Demon.' ' 

April 4. John ? oden, Master of Arts, of Clare 
Hall, presented ' Liturgia Suecica,' Stockholmiae, 
1576, F°, with an inscription. 

1639. 

' Buckstone his Didtionary ' cost the University 
^i 1 8s. this year.'' 

September 13. Spelman sends back 'your Pub. 
Library Psalter.' 

September 17. Spelman to Wheelock : 'Will 
make the same present to the Publick Library and 
to Benet as to Trinity College.' 3 

February 1 1 . Lord Herbert, ot Cherbury, 
having presented his book ' De veritate,' the Uni- 
versity returned him their thanks in a Latin letter.^ 

1640. 
From the Accounts : 

In publica Bibliotheca 

Tabule Topographice et historia Regum "] 

Anglie in 2' voluminibus per Johannem \ 3" 10^ o'^ 
Speed J 

Pro buUis et fibulis eisdem affigendis 300 

Varia et sele6ta volumlna de novo ligata 415 o 

Liber chartaceus eleganter compadus in "] 

quo Commemoratio Benefa6lorum Aca- ^ i 6 8 
demie quotannis publicanda J 

Liber Chartaceus ad vsum Bibliothecarlj in] 

quo librorum omnium Academicorum \ 13 4 
Catalogus J 

Johanni Hickman in expensis per billam 630 

^ Audit Book, fol. 367. ^ lb. 375. 3 MS. Dd, 3, 12. 

4 'Epp. Acad.' ii, *57i. Donors' Book, p. 21. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 77 

Gull. Scambler et Nath : Bridge pro diuersis "I j 

expensis in ffabrica eiusdem Bibliotheca j ^ 

John Hickman, who is thus probably the writer 
of the Catalogue, was also about this time appointed 
Sub Library-Keeper, a post which is now mentioned 
for the first time.- 

yune 1 1. He was allowed ^6 annually for taking 
care of and transcribing MSS.^ 

OBober 27. William Bedwell was enrolled among 
the benefadlors for presenting his Arabic Lexicon. + 



III. 

1641-1800. 

1643. 
December 21. Between this date and 3rd January, 
1643/4, it is probable that the building was visited 
by William Dowsing, the iconoclast. An eye witness 
describes him as going ' about the Country like a 
Bedlam breaking glasse windows, having battered and 
beaten down all our painted glasse, not only in our 
Chappies, but (contrary to order) in our publique 
Schooles,Colledge Halls, Libraryes, and Chambers.' 5 

1645. 
February. A petition was presented to Parlia- 
ment by the University praying that the library of 
Archbishop Bancroft might be delivered to them.^ 

I Audit Book fol. 382. ^ lb. 389. 3 Grace Book Z, p. 392. 
4 H. R. Luard, List of Documents, p. 7. s D.N.B. xv, 407. 
^ Lord's Journal, viii, 17 1-2. 'Epp. Acad.' ii, 583. Hey wood 
and Wright, ii, 467. C. H. Cooper, ' Annals,' iii, 399. 



78 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1646. 
February 15. Parliament this day granted the 
request of the University for the Lambeth Library.' 

1647. 

March 24. The Commons passed resolutions to 
spend ^2000 on the Library, and ^f 500 on the 
purchase of a colle6lion of Hebrew books which 
had formerly belonged to an Italian Rabbi, Isaac 
Pragi. The former resolution did not take effedl, 
but the latter was entrusted to Selden and Light- 
foot to carry out.^ 

1648. 

Among donors at this time, Sir Symonds D'Ewes 
presented some medals ;^ Robert Sheringham, M. A., 
fellow of Caius College, presented his 'Joma,' 
Codex Talmudicus; and Christopher Cartwright, 
of Peterhouse, his ' Electa Thargumico-Rabbinica,' 
both printed in London this year.+ 

1649. 
August 29. This day died the Rev. Richard 
Holdsworth, D.D., Master of Emmanuel College 
(1637-44). His library was originally intended 
for his own college, but eventually passed to the 
University. 5 

' Willis and Clark, op. c'lt. iii, 27, note 3. The books did not 
come till 1649. 

2 C. H. Cooper, 'Annals,' iii, 420-1. Henry Bradshaw, 
* Colle6ted Papers,' pp. 195-6, See a forthcoming paper by Mr. I. 
Abrahams, in the 'Trans, of the Jewish Historical Society,' vol. viii. 

3 'Epp. Acad.' ii, *59i. 

4 Donors' Book, pp. 40-1. 

5 See post 1664. The library consisted of 10,095 volumes, 
includina; 186 manuscripts. For the catalogue of it see MSS. 
Dd. 8. 45, and Ff. 4. 27. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 79 

September 3. By this date the Lambeth books 
had arrived, and a Grace was passed to provide 
additional room/ 

Samuel Crooke, redlor of Wrington, co. Somer- 
set (1602-49), presented the works of Gregorius 
Nazianzenus and Gregorius Nyssenus.^ 

1650. 
Christopher Arnold presented his ' Templum 
Pacis Germaniae,' printed at Leyden in this year.^ 

April 8. This day died Sir Symonds D'Ewes. 
In addition to the gift already mentioned, he had 
given a manuscript Anglo-Saxon-Latin glossary 
and preparations for a Lexicon of those languages. ""• 

Dury's ' Reformed Library Keeper,' printed at 
London in this year, contains the following passage : 

' I understand that all the book-printers or stationers 
of the Commonwealth are bound of every book that is 
printed to send a copy into the University Library,' etc.^ 

August 20. J. Hevelius gave his '^{kr\vo^pa<^[a 
with an inscription dated this day. 

1652-3. 
Item^ for a banket, and wine in the Uni- ] 

versity Library, when the Commis- [>2'' 16' o^ 
sioners about the Fennes were here J 

^ Univ. Audit Book, fol. 456. Willis and Clark, iii, 28. 
^ Donors' Book, p, 40. 

3 For him see 'Allg. Deutsch, Biographic.' This book is not 
there given among his works. 

4 MS. LI. I. 4. 

5 Quoted in R. Garnett's 'Essays in Librarianship' (i899),p. 186. 
^ Univ. Audit Book, fol. 484. 



8o ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1653. 

September. This month died Abraham Wheelock, 
librarian/ 

OBober 11. This day WilHam Moore, M.A., 
fellow of Caius College, was eledled librarian in 
succession to Wheelock. 

Nove??iber 30. Dr. Metcalfe bequeathed ^20 to 
the library.^ 

To Pindar for his pains in the Universitie Librarie, 4'.^ 

Forty books were given by Francis Ash, mer- 
chant of London. They contain a book-label with 
inscription. 

1654. 

August 31. John Evelyn visited the University: 

' The Schooles are very despicable, and Public Librarie 
but meane, 'tho somewhat improv'd by the wainscotting 
and books lately added by the Bp. Bancroft's Library and 
MSS. They shew'd us little of antiquity, onely K. James's 
Works, being his owne gift and kept very reverently.' 

This year, Simon Ash, M.A., of Emmanuel 
College, presented the works of Albertus Magnus, 
Lugd. 1 65 1, in 21 volumes, folio. + 

This year also died Alexander Ross. He be- 
queathed ^50 to the library. 5 

I See D.N.B. 

- Grace Book H, p. 122. Donors' Book, p. 46. 

3 Harl. MS. 7028, p. 245. Printed in Hartshorne's 'Book- 
Rarities,' p. 333 note. Mr. Robert Bowes, in his ' Notes on the 
University Printers,' gives a colledtive note on the Pindar family. 
(C.A.S. 'Comm.' V, 310.) 

+ There is a commemorative label in each volume. 

5 See D.N.B. Also Donors' Book and Registry MS. 31. i. 12. 
His books bear a commemorative label. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 81 

1655. 

April 23. William Morden, bookseller of Cam- 
bridge, gave Edward Lively's MS. Commentaries.' 

July 16. Osbert Fowler, registrar of King's 
College, presented a manuscript bestiary.- 

Nicholas Hobart, M. A., fellow of King's College, 
gave a collection of Greek and Oriental manuscripts 
acquired by him on a journey to Constantinople. ^ 
Henry Some, a fellow of the same college, pre- 
sented his 'Valor Ecclesiasticus.'^ 

Sir William Dugdale presented his ' Monasticon 
Anglicanum,' printed this year. 

John Rant, formerly fellow of Caius College, 
gave manuscripts. 5 

William Neland, Cambridge Bookseller, pre- 
sented a manuscript.^ 

Thomas Fuller's ' History of the University of 
Cambridge,' published this year (1655), contains 
the following passage : 

* This library formerly was furnished with plenty of 
choice books . . . but these books, by the covetousness 
of some great ones, and carelessness of the library-/<3j^rj 
(for \\\^r-^ry -keepers I cannot call them), are for the most 
part imbezzled, to the great loss of the University, and 
learning in general.'^ 

'January 18. The Protestor having given 
Llanrhaiadr, near Denbigh, as a settlement on the 
librarian, a letter of attorney from the University 
to Thomas Bucke was granted this day to agree 

' Donors' Book, p. 45. MS. Ee. 6. 33. ^ ^g^ Y\. 4. 26. 

3 Cooper, ' Memorials,' iii, 69. MSS. Ff. 3. 4, 30. 

4 MS. Dd. 13. 23. 5 MSS. Ff. 6. 50; li. i. 16, 17. 
6 MS. li. 1.6. 7 See ' Cat. of MSS.' I, vii-viii. 



82 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

with Dr. Lewis Du Moulin for his life interest In 
the same/ 

August 24. Richard Foxton, M.A., of Em- 
manuel College, bequeathed ^^40/ 

Bryan Walton's Polygot Bible published this 
year was presented by John Allen, of Gray's InnJ 

Margaret, Marchioness of Newcastle, presented 
her ' Natures Figures,' published this year.+ 



1657. 
May 12. This day Thomas Holler, chirurgeon 
of London, presented the ' Herbarium ' of Taber- 
naemontanus in High Dutch, Francofurti, 1588. 

*To Mr. Hughes for the charge in procureing manu- 
script bookes out of Wales 135. o^.' 

To Wardell the Smith for scouring, and 

mending the brass Spheare^ 10 . o 

To him allso for mending the brass about 

the globe 8 . 6 

To Woodruff the ioyner for mending the 

globes, and their frames 5 . 6 

To him allso for making . 3 . tables for 

them and the Spheare to stand upon^ i . 12 . o 

Item to Jonath Pindar ex concessione 
Auditorum in consideration of his 
paines in the library in transcribing 
seuerall Catalogues' 5 . 0.0 

^ Registry MS. 31. 2. 10. 

2 Donors' Book and Registry MS. 31. i. I2. The books 
contain a commemorative plate dated this day. For him see 
C.A.S. ' Proceedings,' xv, 84. 

3 The letter of thanks is MS. Add. 4447 (4). ^ Sel. 3. 57. 
s This must be the 'great Latten Speare' given by Bacon in 

1583. A Dutchman was paid for scouring it in 1590. (Univ. 
Audit. Book, fF. 145^, 150^, 161 v.) 

^ Univ. Audit Book, ff. 510-11. 7 Audit Book, fol. 513. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. S^ 

1658. 

yune 1 2. Sir William Dugdale presented a copy 
of his ' History of St. Paul's Cathedral.' 

August. This month Samuel Morland, who had 
been Cromwell's envoy to the Duke of Savoy, 
presented the Waldensian MSS. which he had 
colle(5led and used in his ' History of the Evan- 
gelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont,' pub- 
lished this year.' 

John Stearne, M.D., professor in the University 
of Dublin, presented a copy of his ' Animi Medela,' 
Dublini, 1658, 4^.^ 

April 18. This day William Moore, librarian, 
was buried in Great St. Mary's Church. 

' He colleded into one body the university statutes, 
and made a catalogue of all the MSS. in the public library, 
except the oriental, writing the whole with his own hand, 
notwithstanding a severe illness. He desired to be buried 
in his own college chapel, but being refused by Mr. Dell, 
the master, the use of the liturgy, which was his last 
request, was laid in St. Mary's church, under the stone he 
used to kneel on.' ^ 

April 26. T. Smith, B.D., Christ's College, was 
elected librarian.* 

^ See H. Bradshaw, 'Colledled Papers,' pp. 1-15, and 'Memoir,' 
p. 84. 

^ The author was a pensioner of Sidney Sussex College, and the 
book is dedicated to the University of Cambridge. 

3 Carter, 'Hist, of the University,' p. 232. Printed in R. Gough, 
' Brit. Top.' i, 223. Moore's Life was written by his successor, 
T. Smith, and printed in 1660. 

4 The friend and correspondent of Sir Thomas Browne. See 
J. Peile, ' Biographical Register' (1910), i, 468, and E. Gosse, 
'Sir Thomas Browne' (1905), p. 107. 



84 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

The hours of the library at this time were, from 
0(5lober to March, 9.0-1 i.o and 1.0-3.0. In the 
rest of the year from 8.0-1 i.o in the morning, and 
from 2.0-5.0 in the afternoon, excepting Saturday 
afternoon throughout the year. The chief Hbrary 
keeper was to attend two hours at least every day 
from April-September, and one hour at least in 
the other months except upon urgent occasions, 
approved by the Vice-chancellor. None but 
gremial M.A.s or Bachelors of Law or Physic 
allowed to study in the library, and they not until 
they had taken oaths not to take away or wilfully 
misuse anything. At the bottom of the rules is a 
Memorandum : 

Some course to be thought on for the procuring of 
moderne Authors of which there have been none added 
the 20 last yeares.' 

Septe?nber 3.^ 

1661. 
OSlober 5. Isaac Dobson, B.D., Corpus Christi 
College, was appointed librarian this day. 

1662. 

May 10. Archbishop Juxon now preferred his 
request for the return of the Bancroft books to 
Lambeth. 3 

' Registry MS. 31. 2. 11. 

2 For an amusing story told by Thomas Smith relating to a visit 
to the library of Corpus Christi College on this day, see John 
Peile's ' Biographical Register ' (1910), i, 468. The applicant was 
told to come again on 6th August of the following year. 

"^ Registry MS. 31. 2. 12. It was suggested that as the Holds- 
worth books were still in London, the boxes which brought these 
down might take the Lambeth books back. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 85 

A temporary A61 of this year provided that 
three copies of every printed book should be re- 
served for the King's library and the libraries of 
the two Universities/ 

1663. 

yuly II. The Marchioness of New^castle pre- 
sented her ' Philosophical and Physical Opinions,' 
1663, F^. 

September 2. This day the new archbishop, 
Gilbert Sheldon, wrote to Dr. Rainbow, the vice- 
chancellor, formally demanding the delivery of the 
Bancroft books to Dr. Franke, master of Pembroke, 
his chaplain.^ 

1664. 

yune II. Henry Lucas, Esq., of London, a 
Master of Arts of St. John's College, and sometime 
burgess in parliament for the University, by his 
will of this date bequeathed all his books to the 
University. The library was a very extensive one, 
consisting of 812 books in folio, 3,226 books in 
quarto, odtavo, etc., and ' 29 bundles of several 
pamphletts.'^ 

December 10. This day the adjudicators of the 
Holdsworth Library gave their decision in the 
Hall of Doctors' Commons. The books were 
assigned to the University, and the University was 
to pay £200 to Emmanuel College. + 

' 13 and 14 Car. II, ss. 2, 3, 10, 16, 17. Cooper, 'Annals,' 
iii, 502. See post 1674. 

^ Original in Registry MS. 31. 2. I2, with the archbishop's 
seal. 

3 Registry MS. 31. 2. \\a. For the Catalogue of them see 
MS. Mm. 4. 27 (D). 

4 See ante 1649. Registry MSS. Drawer xxxi, 2. 



86 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1666. 

"June I. Tobias Rustat, Esq., yeoman of the 
King's robes, by deed dated this day, gave /^looo 
to be laid out in lands, the rent to be applied in 
the purchase of the best and most useful books for 
the library.' 

August. John Ellis, re6lor of Waddesdon, late 
of S. Catharine's Hall, presented a copy of the 
Bible printed in Hebrew, Chaldaic, and Rabbinic 
(Venice, 1517-9).^ 

1667. 

February 24. This day died Sir Thomas Adams, 
founder of the ledlure in Arabic. He left to the 
library a sum of money. ^ 

March 13. The Duke of Newcastle presented 
his work on Horsemanship. 

March 16. Isaac Dobson resigned the librarian- 
ship. 

March 18. Robert Peachey, M.A., fellow of 
Pembroke Hall, was this day eledled librarian. 

1668. 

OBober 11. The Duchess of Newcastle pre- 
sented a copy of her works. "^ 

On the same day the works of Hevelius were 
sent by the Author to the library through Henry 
Oldenburgh, secretary of the Royal Society. 

February 2. John Cosin, bishop of Durham, by 
deed this day, covenanted to give £100 for the 
erection of a commencement-house and new 
library, as promulgated in 1640. This sum to be 

^ See ' Endowments,' p. 449. ~ Donors' Book, p. 60. 

3 D.N.B. See MS. Or. Ee. 5. 7 for a memorial plate. 

4 ' Epp. Acad.' ii, *598. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 87 

paid as soon as the ground on both sides of the 
Regent walk between King's and Caius Colleges 
should be purchased ; and when the ground was 
made clear he covenanted to contribute ^100 a 
year for four years if the works were carried on 
vigorously.' 

1669. 

May I. Cosmo de Medici, prince of Tuscany, 
afterwards Cosmo III, visited Cambridge. ' His 
Highness went away escorted by the vice-chancellor 
and heads of houses, and accompanied more espe- 
cially by a retinue of the noble scholars, to see the 
library.'^ 

1670. 

05lober 21. This day died John Hacket, bishop 
of Coventry and Lichfield. He bequeathed 1000 
volumes to the library. ^ 

1672. 
December 20. Isaac Abendana received ^f 5 from 
Dr. Mapletoft for a Hebrew manuscript. + 

1674. 
May 28. This day the Stationers' Company 
passed an edid enforcing the A6t of 1662.5 

1676. 
August 8. The Duke of Newcastle presented a 
copy of his late wife's works to the library.^ 

' Cooper, 'Memorials,' iii, 70. 

^ C. H. Cooper, 'Annals,' iii, 535. 

3 These contain his book-plate by W. Faithorne. See H. Brad- 
shaw, 'Coll. Papers,' 184. The books were placed in the 'little 
library' {lb. 200). -* Univ. Accounts. 

s Registry MS. 31. 4. i (2). See ante 1662, and post 1709; 
and Cooper's 'Annals,' iii, 558. ^ ' EpP' Acad.' ii, *6o9. 



88 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1677. 
August 20. Robert Mapletoft, master of Pem- 
broke 1664, dean of Ely 1667, dying this day, 
gave jTioo 'towards the purchase of the oriental 
Library of Golius for the University Library.'' 

1678. 
' Sir Christopher Wren prepared Plans Elevation and 
Sedion of a Theatre or Commencement House with a 
library annexed (' Parentalia,' 342).^ 

1683. 

January 18. The state of the library by this 
time had become so bad, so many books missed, 
that a grace of the senate was passed ordering all 
books to be returned. 

January 19. As a consequence of this, librarian 
Peachey gave in his resignation. James Mansfield, 
M.A., Trinity College, was appointed. 

1685. 
January 22. This day John Laughton, M.A., 
of Trinity College, was eleded librarian. 

1686. 
April 7. This day thirty-eight manuscripts in 
Hebrew, Arabic, Ethiopic, and Coptic were re- 
ceived, the bequest of Dr. Edmund Castell. To 
each of these 'the effigies of Dr. Castell was affixed, 
or his name inscribed. '^ 

^ ' Cat. of MSS.' V, 246-7 (p. 240). 

^ C. H. Cooper, ' Annals,' iii, 566. The plans are in the library 
at All Souls College, Oxford. A photographic copy, made in 1913, 
is preserved in the University library. [Broadsides, xvii.] 

3 yune 30. This day the library of Edmund Castell was sold 
by Millington, at the Eagle and Child opposite Benet Church. 
See J. Nichols' ' Lit. Anecd.' iv, 29 note. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 89 

'July 5. A sale of duplicates was this day decreed 
by grace of the senate. 

1687. 
March 4. The Rev. Matthew Scrivener, reftor 
of Haslingfield, by his will' of this date bequeathed 
Vittoria's ' Cantica' and ' Misss ' (Romas, 158 1-3, 
F^) to the library. They bear an inscription that 
they were taken out of the great Church of Cadiz 
in July, 1596, by Robert Bacon. The will 
continues: 

' I give fifty pounds in trust for the use of the public 
Library, either by buying chains for the securing the books 
at present therein contained, or for the increase of the 
number of them,' 

1693. 
John Spencer, dean of Ely and master of Corpus 
Christi College, dying this year, gave ^C^^^ ^° ^^^ 
library. 

1695. 

May 16. Ralph Thoresby visited the library.^ 

February 19. John Clerke, late fellow of Caius 

College, was this day deprived of his degrees and 

licence of preaching for stealing books from the 

library. > 

1697. 
The ' Catalogi librorum MSS. Anglias et Hibernias 
in unum collefti,' published at Oxford, by Bernard, 
this year, contains a list of the University collec- 
tion. It is for the most part a reprint of James' 

' H. Philpott, ' CoUeftion of Documents relating to St. 
Catharine's College,' p. 125. 
^ Cooper, ' Annals,' iv, 30. 



90 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

' Ecloga,' with an 'Audtarium e Bibliotheca v.c. 
Thorns Erpenii.'' 

1699. 
Humphrey Wanley's appreciation of the Cam- 
bridge system is worthy of note: 'The truth is, 
the Cambridge gentlemen are extremely courteous 
and obliging, and, excepting those of Bennet 
College [where the rules are prohibitive], I can 
borrow what books I please.'^ 

1705- 
Wanley's ' Antiquae Literaturae Septentrionalis 

Liber alter,' published this year at Oxford in foHo, 
being the second volume to G. Hickes's 'The- 
saurus,' contains a list of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts 
in the library. ^ 

/707- 
The Armenian Patriarch visited the library and 

presented five volumes. + 

1708. 
August 26. The medals in the University chest 
were this day ordered to be placed in the library. 

1709. 
April 5. The royal assent was given to the 
Copyright A(5l, which provided that copies of 
every book published should be delivered for the 
Royal Library, the Libraries of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, the four Universities in Scotland, the 

' Bernard says Parker's manuscripts were preserved at this time 
' in cista quadam.' 

2 Ellis, 'Letters of Lit. Men,' 289. 3 Pp. 152-65. 

4 For an account of him, and his visit to the Bodleian Library, 
see W. D. Macray, 'Annals,' ed. 2, pp. 175-7. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 91 

Library of Sion College, and the Advocates' Library 
at Edinburgh.' 

June 21. William Worts, Esq., M.A., St. 
Catharine's College, by his will dated this day, 
gave a considerable portion of the annual proceeds 
of his estate to the library.^ 

17 10. 
August I. This day Zachary Conrad von UfFen- 
bach visited the library. He describes it as in 

' two mean rooms of moderate size. In the first on the 
left-hand side are the printed books, but very ill arranged, 
in utter confusion. The catalogue is only alphabetical, 
and lately compiled on the basis ot the Bodleian Catalogue. 
... In the second room, which is half empty, there were 
some more printed books, and then the MSS., of which, 
however, we could see nothing well, because the librarian, 
Dr. Laughton (or as they pronounce it, Laffton\ was 
absent ; which vexed me not a little, as Dr. Ferrari highly 
extolled his great learning and courtesy. Rara avis in his 
terris. 

'We met here however by accident the librarian of 
St. John's Library, Mr. Baker, a very friendly and learned 
man, by whose help we saw several other things ; for 
otherwise the maid, who had opened the door and was 
with us, would have been able to show us but little. I 
asked first for the cod. evangeliorum Bezae, which is the 
Palladium hujus academiae. . . . After this I enquired with 
great eagerness for the ancient monuments of the church oi 
Waldenses or Vaudois brought by Sir Samuel Moreland 
from Piedmont and given here. . . . Chamberlayne is not 
a little mistaken when he boasts of 14,000 volumes in 
this library, as there seem to be at most barely 6 to 8,000, 
as far as I can judge from my own colledion. 

' Cooper, 'Annals,' iv, 98. See ante 1674 znA post 1775. 
^ lb. iv, 86. 



92 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

' Afterwards we saw many oriental books, all brought 
from the library of Th. Erpenii. . . . Hard by were also 
many turkish MSS. On the opposite side stood the 7 
folios lexici arahici MS.y by Bedwell. . . . We saw also 
some very fine codices anglo-saxonicos. . . , Mr. Baker 
showed us also a little 12° with this title : Edward sixieme 
[roy d'Anglet.) petit traite a Vencontre de la primaute du pape^ 
written in french very neatly in the king's own hand. 
Lastly we saw also a good number of ancient and modern 
coins, lying all covered with dust, without any order, in 
a deep, poor drawer, unlocked and left open. There 
were 20 and odd gold coins, with various silver and 
copper ; among the last I noticed an Ottonem aeneum magni 
moduli deauratum^ sed spurium, on the reverse of which was 
an adlocutio populi cum inscriptione : Securitas publica^' etc' 

1712. 
Oaober 3. Philip Brooke, B.D., of St. John's 
College, was this day elecSted librarian. 

1715. 
September 20. King George I presented the 
library of John Moore, bishop of Ely, containing 
30,755 volumes (including 1790 manuscripts), 
purchased by the king for ^6,450.^ 

^ See ante 1626. 

^ The circumstances at the moment gave rise to the epigram : 
'King George, observing with judicious eyes 
The state of both his Universities, 
To Oxford sent a troop of horse ; and why ? 
That learned body wanted loyalty. 
To Cambridge books he sent, as well discerning, 
How much that loyal body wanted learning.' 
Answered by Sir William Browne : 

'The King to Oxford sent a troop of horse 
For Tories know no argument but force 
With equal skill, to Cambridge books he sent, 
For Whigs admit no force but argument.' 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 93 

1716. 
July 2. The room known as the Dome Room 
(now used for the exhibition of newly added books) 
was added to the library.' 

1717. 
March 6. Bookcases were ordered for the West 
Room.^ 

March 8. Baker to Strype : 

* One part . . . almost finisht, tho' It will not hold 
much above half the Books.' ^ 

yidy 16. The Dome Room to be fitted up for 
manuscripts.^ 

September 28. Two years had now passed. 
Baker writes to Strype : 

* Not one book yet put up ; nor one class towards 
receiving them, and when all is finished will be a very 
unequal Repository to so noble a gift.' 

1718. 

December 10. This day P. Brooke, the librarian, 
resigned, and Thomas Macro, M.A., fellow of 
Caius College, was elected. 

March 6. The space allotted for the King's 
books had proved quite inadequate. In con- 
sequence a Syndicate was appointed to raise 

' Over what was formerly the Porter's Lodge of King's College. 
Up to this date, no communication existed between the South 
Room and the West Room except by descending into the Quad- 
rangle. Willis and Clark, iii, 31. 

^ From John Austin and Coleman. lb. iii, 31. 

3 MS. Add. ID (117). Probably the West Room, for the 
accounts for 1 718-19 contain a charge * for carrying up the King's 
books to the new library.' (Willis and Clark, iii, 34.) 

4 Registry MS. 31. 2. 29. 



94 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

subscriptions for the purchase of houses on the 
north side of the Regent walk (now the Senate 
House)/ 

1721. 

December 14. S. Hadderton, M.A., Trinity 
College, was elected librarian. 

December 15. This day the new office of Proto- 
bibliothecarius was created, and Conyers Middleton, 
D.D., appointed. 

1722. 

yune 22. This day the foundation stone of the 
Senate House was laid.^ 

1723. 
In this year Dr. Conyers Middleton printed his 
' Bibliothecae Cantabrigiensis ordinandae methodus 
qusdam ' (Cantabrigiae, 4^). 

1724. 
February 8. John Bellers the philanthropist, 
dying this day, ordered that his works should be 
reprinted in one volume ' on good large paper and 
well bound in Turkey Leather.' A copy was to 
be presented ' to the Envoy of every Sovereign 
Prince and State in Europe who shall have Envoys 
residing at our British Court for their respe(5live 
Masters' perusal and one to every publick Library 
in London and Westminster and to the publick 
Librarys of Oxford and Cambridge.' ^ There is no 
trace of such a book here or elsewhere. 

^ Grace Book I, p. 6. - Cooper, 'Annals,' iv, 169. 

3 Extradl from his will proved 27th August, 1725, communi- 
cated by Mr. Norman Penny [MS. Add. 2717]. See D.N.B. for 
his life. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 95 

1725. 

OBober 16. John Worthington, M.A., Peter- 
house, presented a large number of books to the 
library. 

1726. 

The Rev. George Lewis, archdeacon of Meath, 
presented the cabinet containing manuscripts, 
coins, and curiosities, which still bears his name.' 

February 21. Thomas Baker to Thomas Hearne 
alludes to the general confusion. ' Fox's Martyrs,' 
1 563, is ' now out of its place, for he cannot find it 
as before.' ^ 

1727. 

April 25. West to Thomas Hearne : ' The 
university library is not yet put into any order. 
They just saw it in heaps.' 3 

1728. 
April 25. Died John Woodward, M.D., founder 
of the le<5lureship in Geology, subsequently the 
professorship. By his will, bequeathing his col- 
lection of fossils to the University, he ordains that 
copies of the catalogues of these are to be ' reposited 
in the publick Library of the said University, for 
greater security that the said Fossils be preserved 
with great care and faithfulness.'*^ 

1730. 
May 31. A visitor to the library on this day 
has left the following account 5 : 

' See post 1730. 

2 'Reliquiae Hearnianae,' ii, 641. 3 //,. ii^ 65i. 

4 Clark and Hughes, ' Life of A. Sedgwick,' i, 1 83, Sec post 1 730. 

5 S. Dale, MS. Add. 3466. 



96 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

* Through the assistance of Mr. Hough we had admit- 
tance into the Publick Library, it now consists of 3 
Gallerys. We went first into that of the South at the 
end of which in a separate apartment stands Dr. Wood- 
ward's 4 Cabinets of Fossils, and in the middle a curious 
one of American Cedar on the front of which on the 
Middle drawer is a Brass plate on which is engraved in 
large Letters Bibliotheca Orientalis.' The upper part 
consists of Shelves full of Books of the Oriental Language 
some finely illuminated, and the Alphabets of divers on 
them, as Arabick, Persian, Indian, Chinese, Japonick, &c., 
and under is the Figure of a Chinese Idol of Alabaster in 
a sedent posture. In the drawer on which the Inscription 
is are several sorts of Oriental Money both in Silver and 
Gold, as likewise some of their brass weights. Here is 
likewise an Indian Proclamation and other writings. In 
another drawer is 2 boxes of Cards, one of which is on 
Boards finely painted containing 48 cards or 4 sets — and 
the other 96, or 8 sets on Tortois shell: each set contains 
12 cards 10 of which are so many numbers, the other two 
a man on Horseback and the King on the Throne : these 
are distinguished by marks as Suns, Moons, Swords, 
Helmets, fruits, folks. Billets, etc. The Idol above men- 
tioned is placed as in a chariot whereby it can be drawn 
out of the Cabinet for the better seeing it, the Back of 
which is made of a grey Stone, on w"" is cut an Inscrip- 
tion in 4 Oriental Languages viz' 2 living and two dead 
or scolastick : on the breast of the Idol hangs a Medal by 
[a] chain about the Neck. On each side of the Idol are 
two open places in one of which a large Purpura Triangu- 
laria Bonan. Recreat. Ment. et Oculi' p. 151 n°275 which 
that author writes comes from the Persian gulfe . . . 

1 Presented in 1726. The manuscripts are still in the library. 
The coins have been deposited in the Fitzwilliam Museum. The 
statue is at the Archaeolo2;ical Museum. 

2 Filippo Buonanni, ' Recreatio mentis et oculi.' Romae, 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 



97 



There was likewise in that Cabinet a Book of writing on 
Palm leaves, cut with a graver, it resembled a file the 
leaves being strung upon a sort of cord . . . There are 
many other rarities in thecolledion which Mr. Had[derton] 
the Sub-Librarian shewed us, which I cannot now recolledl. 
The King's Library here which K. Geo. I. gave the Uni- 
versity is very large, a great many [ski of which are set up 
in the Greek School . . . until the new Library is eredled 
for them. In the East Gallery we did see a Book of 
plants painted : they had Arabick names to them. In the 
entring this last Gallery stood a Model of a building, 
which was designed to be eredled for the Schools and 
Library by the D. of Buckingham ... At the upper end 
of this Gallery stands an Alter on which K. Jam. I. layed 
his Books and was his present to this University. And 
about the middle of this Gallery are doors, within which 
are the Universities Manuscripts. 

August 5. King George's books had been in the 
possession of the University for fifteen years, and 
we have seen from various letters the condition in 
v^hich they had remained. On this day it was 
decided that the old Senate House should be fitted 
up for the enlargement of the library and for the 
reception of the King's books.' 

1731- 
James Essex fitted up the old Senate House as 

the new library.^ 

August 2. A considerable theft of books was 

perpetrated by Dr. Nichols of Trinity Hall.3 

Grace Book I, p. 277. The new Senate House had been 
opened on 6th July. 

2 Willis and Clark, iii, 469. - 

3 ' Hist. MSS. Commission Report,' vi, 39 (Duke of Portland). 
H. R. Luard, 'Chronological List,' p. 15. 

H 



98 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

March 17. J. Taylor, M.A., of St. John's 
College, was clefted librarian. 

1733- 
May 23. On this day it was agreed to make 

an entrance from the ' East end of the Library ' 

into the old Senate House.' 

1734- 
December 31. T. Parne, B.D., Trinity College, 
was eledled librarian. 

1735- . 
February 4. Henry Justice was arrested for 

stealing books.' 

February 18. At the same time large depreda- 
tions had been made upon the books presented by 
King George.'' It was discovered that ^2000 
worth of these had come into the possession of 
Jonas Thompson, of the city of York, gentleman. 
On discovery an attempt was made to ship them 
beyond seas. 

1739. 

Montfaucon's ' Bibliotheca Bibliothecarum,' 
published at Paris in this year, devotes two 
columns to the manuscripts in this library. 

W. Thurlbourn, Cambridge bookseller, presented 
' Hieronymi Epistolae,' Ven., 1476. Folio. 

1740. 
July 2. Thomas Baker, B.D., ejected Fellow 
of St. John's College, dying this day, bequeathed 
eighteen volumes of his great historical colle(5tion, 
and several valuable printed books. ^ 

' Luard, 'Documents,' p. 16. ^ Registry MS. 31. 2. 4. Luard. 
3 D.N.B. R. Masters' 'Memoirs,' 1784. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 99 

1742. 
March 29. A sale of duplicates was held this 
day.' 

1743- 

April 22. The Hon. George Townshend pre- 
sented a mummy. ^ 

OBober 26. This day in the suit of Joseph 
Bentham and others versus Thomas and Robert 
Baskett various books were ' received from the 
Public Library.' 3 

1744. 

June 25. This day died Roger Gale, fellow of 
Trinity College. He bequeathed his colledlion 
of coins to the University, with a catalogue pre- 
pared by himself + 

'745- 
'A list of printed books in the Tunet' is 
preserved in the Bodleian Library. 5 

. '748. 

February 1 1 . This day died John Colbatch, 
Vice-Master of Trinity. A large number of books 
with his bookplate are in the library.^ 

'July 13. 902 volumes reported as missing from 
the old library. 

September. 

During Dr. Paris his vice-chancellorship, the front 
of the schools facing St. Marie's Church was now repaired, 
and the windows new glazed with crown glass, and all the 

' The catalogue was printed, ^ <Epp. Acad.' ii, 653. 

3 E.g. books now marked Rel. bb. 63. i ; Rel. d. 69. i. 

4 D.N.B. XX, 376^. 5 Bodl. MS. 17817 (3). 

^ More, from Orwell, were presented by Mr. F. Jenkinson in 
1910. 



loo 'ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

curious paintings, though perfed and complete, taken 
away by the glazier ; to the reproach of the University, in 
thus deffrauding the pious benefadors and founders of 
their just memorials.' ' 

1750. 
August 3. On the death of Dr. Middleton, the 
Rev. F. S. Parris, D.D., of Sidney Sussex College, 
was elected Protobibliothecarius. 

1751. 

"June II. The Library Syndicate dates from 
this time. 

July 19. The Rev. Stephen Whisson, M.A., 
Trinity College, v^as this day appointed librarian, 
on the death of Parne. 

1752. 
James Burrough made a design for an eastern 
facade of the library, w^ith a large room on the 
first floor.^ 

1753- 
In this year a catalogue of the manuscripts w^as 
constru6led by Whisson from those of William 
Moore (1659), of Holdsworth (1663), and bishop 
John Moore (1697), on the re-arrangement of the 
entire library. 3 

'754- 
March 18. King George II gave /,2000 to the 

library. 

1 Baker MSS. in British Museum. Quoted by Hartshorne, 
p. 3 note. See ante 1465. 

2 Engraved by Essex. 

3 Note by Henry Bradshaw in MS. Add. 2842, preface p. xi. 
He adds that Nasmith's catalogue is a revised edition of Whisson. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. loi 

June II. A new design for the east front, 
by Stephen Wright, was approved this day. 

July. The demolition of the old Rotherham 
library was begun. 

1755- 
Charles, King of Naples, gave Bayardi's ' Pro- 
drome delle Antichita d'Ercolano.' 

Further thefts are recorded during this year.' 

1759- 
OSlober 30. King George II gave ^1000 in 
addition. 

A description of the Rotherham Library (east 
room), written this year by W. Cole, has been 
printed.^ 

1761. 
May 15. This day Dr. Edmund Law, master 
of Peterhouse, was elected Protobibliothecarius, on 
the death of Dr. Parris. 

By this year ^9,288 had been coUedled for the 
new library. 

1762. 
April 30. Ferdinand IV, King of the Two 
Sicihes, gave a gold coin of Augustus and other 
gifts. 

1763. 
A detailed description of the library will be 
found in ' Cantabrigia Depi(5la,' now first published.^ 

' Venn, ii, 99. W. Cole, ' Ath. Cant.' 5864, p. 318. 

2 By J. W. Clark (C.A.S. 'Proceedings,' x, 419). 

3 Cambridge, 1 763, 8vo. 



I02 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1764. 
April 12. Charles III, King of Spain, gave 
several books. 

1765. 
'January 10. Dr. John Newcome, master of 
St. John's College, dying this day, bequeathed 
^500 to the library.' 

1768. 
August 29. This day Christian VII, King of 
Denmark, visited the library. 

1769. 
OBober 13. Dr. }. Barnardiston, of Corpus 
Christi College, was eledled Protobibliothecarius 
on Dr. Law's resignation. 

January 2. Christian VII, King of Denmark, 
gave a volume, with his portrait. 

February 11. John Wilkes, 'accompanied by 
some gentlemen of the University,' viewed the 
library.^ 

1772. 

To this year we must attribute the loss of the 
unique Sarum Breviary printed at Venice by R. 
de Noviomago, on vellum, in 1483.3 

1 774-. 
April 26. The Public Library was at this time 
used as a meeting place for the University syndi- 

' He had already given ^^200. For him and his colledlion 
of Incunabula, see Baker-Mayor and D.N.B. 

^ Cooper, ' Annals,' iv, 362. 

3 For its subsequent history see G. W. Prothero, ' Memoir 
of H. Bradshaw.' 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 103 

cate which had recently reported in favour of an 
annual examination of undergraduates.' 

May 22. This day the royal assent was given 
to an Aa : 

An Ad: for enabling the two Universities in England, 
the four Universities in Scotland, and the several colleges 
of Eton, Westminster and Winchester to hold in Per- 
petuity their Copy Right in Books, 

And to amend the Adt of 8 Anne (1709).' 

Dece?7iber 9. Charles III, King of Spain, pre- 
sented catalogues of Arabic and Greek manuscripts. 

1776. 
April 10. The Duke of Wiirtemburg visited 



the library. 5 

1778. 

Jtine 26. This day Richard Farmer, D.D., 
master of Emmanuel College, was elefted Proto- 
bibliothecarius, on the death of Dr. Barnardiston. 

.781. 

November 26. A letter from Richard Gough to 
William Cole, on behalf of William Herbert for 
his 'Typographical Antiquities,' has been printed. + 

1782. 

January 25. The Duke of Marlborough pre- 
sented his book on gems.'' 

December 16. This day died William Cole, the 
antiquary,' a considerable frequenter of the library.^ 

' Cooper, ' Annals,' iv, 371. ^ lb. iv, 374. 3 [h, iv, 382. 

4 C. H. Hartshorne, ' Book-rarities,' p. 293. 5 [Eb. 18. 13, 14.] 
^ D.N.B. J. Nichols, ' Lit. Anec' vi, 297. 



I04 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1783- 
November 11. John Davies, M.A., fellow ot 
Trinity College, was elefted librarian on the death 
of Stephen Whisson. 

1785. 

At Dr. Askew's sale in this year the University 
acquired some of the few Greek manuscripts in his 
possession. The most important of these is the 
Thucydides [Nn. 3. 18]. Dr. Farmer purchased 
the long series of Adversaria by John Taylor, LL.D., 
Fellow of St. John's College, and presented them 
to the Library. 

' In return for a compliment ' at this sale paid by 
Farmer, who on Lord Shelburne's earnest request, 
gave up a manuscript purchased, the library received 
from Lord Shelburne the fine twelfth -century 
Greek manuscript of S. Gregory.' The fa6l is 
notified in Farmer's own hand. 

1786. 
July 19. An unknown benefa6lor presented 
three manuscripts, together with a copy of St. 
John's Gospel ' in a lock-up class.' ^ 

1787. 

August. Charles Inglis, first bishop of Nova 
Scotia, our first colonial diocese, founded this year, 
presented his Book of Common Prayer, printed in 
the Mohawk language (London, 1787), with 
autograph inscription. 3 

' Nn. I. 23. 

2 ' Cat. of MSS.' I. xi ; V. 588 (Dd. 9. 70-2). 

3 I- 45- 57- 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 105 

1790. 
A statement is made in the course of a story 
related of William Pugh,' of Trinity, to which 
some reference must be allowed here. It is told 
by J. W. Clark in his 'Cambridge.' Pugh is there 
said to have been ' engaged upon the catalogue of 
the printed books in the University Library,' ^ 
where ' instead of reading only the title-pages, he 
read the works themselves through.' The state- 
ment is given on the authority of Professor Adam 
Sedgwick, being indeed taken down from his lips 
as he had told it in the Combination Room. 

1793. 

January 29. The library was now opened from 
10 till 2. 

April 29. Dr. Kipling's edition of the Codex 
Bezae was published this day.^ 

Julys. . . '794- 

Two beautiful copies of the Codex Theodori Bezae 
Cantabrigiensis, magnificently bound in grain morocco by 
Mr. Bowtell of Cambridge, are just finished at the expense 
of the University. The one as a present for H.M. the 
King of Denmark, the other for his Grace the Duke of 
Marlborough ;'^ in return for the royal and noble presents, 
by them made to the Public Library of this University. 

' Fellow 1790, M.A. 1792. 'Trinity College Admissions.' 
J. W. Clark, in the quotation cited above, calls Pugh vice-master 
of Trinity. His name is not given in the list prefixed to the 
' Admissions.' 

- See notes by H. Bradshaw made in the Class Catalogue 
of Class Cc; and in MS. Oo. 5. 44 (Adv.). 

3 'The fruit of five years' toil.' Scrivener, p. xii. On it see 
T. B. Reed, 'Old English Letter Foundries' (1887), p. 322. 

■^ 'Camb. Chronicle,' 5th July, 1794. 



io6 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1796. 

September 17. Nat. Marchant this day presented 
two cases of casts of his gems.' 

OBober 22. Twelve volumes of Unitarian litera- 
ture were this day presented by ' A Friend of the 
University and of Free Inquiry into the Christian 
Scriptures.' ^ 

A full account of the library is to be found in 
' A Description of the University, Town, and 
County of Cambridge,' first printed in this year.3 

1797. 

Marshall, the library keeper, crippled through 
rheumatism. His assistants could not stay above 
three years, as the library 'was so extremely damp 
that few could pass any length of time in it with 
impunity.' ^ 

September 8. This day died Dr. Richard Farmer, 
Protobibliothecarius. 

September zi. T. Kerrich, M.A., Magdalene 
College, was appointed as his successor. 

1798. 

November 22. Within the astonishingly short 
space of three years Nasmith had completed the 
catalogue of the manuscripts. 5 

' These now hang in the West Gallery. The catalogue was 
printed in 1792. ^ Accession Book, 1789-1817 (fly-leaf). 

3 Cambridge, 1796, 8vo, p. 20. 

4 H, Gunning, 'Reminiscences' (1854), ii, 78. 

5 The writer of the preface to the ' Catalogue of MSS.,' pub- 
lished in 1856, says of his work: ' If his endeavours were not 
altogether successful in the present instance, the failure is more 
attributable to the magnitude of the task imposed upon him than 
to his deficiency either in knowledge, accuracy, or judgment.' 
(* Catalogue of MSS.' I. xi.) 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 107 

1799. 

June 1 1 . Mr. Alexander Davison presented two 
medals struck to commemorate the glorious vicftory 
of the Nile on ist August, 1798, the one of silver, 
the other of copper bronzed. 

'July 13. Sir Richard Worsley, Bart., K.C., 
presented some books, including a manuscript said 
to be written by Dante, besides gems and other 
works of art.' 

1800. 

The New Donation Book was begun this year. 



IV. 

1801-1900. 

1801. 
A LONG description of the library at this time is 
printed in Britton and Bailey's 'Beauties of England 
and Wales.' ^ 

December 2 1 . Richard Porson, professor of Greek, 
presented two editions of the Articles (London, 
1 57 1, 4°) bought at Dr. Farmer's sale. 

1802. 

February 25. Mrs. Heberden presented the 
portrait of Conyers Middleton, formerly Proto- 
bibliothecarius. 

November 16. Two thermometers of a new con- 
struction ^ were presented by E. D. Clarke, M.A., 
afterwards librarian. 

^ Grace Book A, p. 379. - London, 1801, 8°, vol. ii, pp. 95-7. 
3 See/»w/ 1830. 



io8 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1803. 

'July I. The statue of Ceres, from the Temple 
of Eleusis, weighing one and a half tons, was this 
day placed in the vestibule of the library, being 
the gift of Dr. E. D. Clarke and Mr. Cripps, of 
Jesus College, who brought it over. The pedestal 
was designed by Flaxman.' The 'column placed 
on the tomb of Euclid' was also presented by them 
at the same time. 

1804. 

June II. Claudius Buchanan, vice-provost of 
the college established by Lord Wellesley at Fort 
William, presented nearly a hundred oriental books. 

1805. 

Basil Montagu published this year a pamphlet 
of ' Enquiries and Observations ' respeding the 
library. He showed that legislation had not 
diminished the privileges, but that not six per 
cent, of the books published in London about 1803 
were ever sent. He gives a list.^ 

March 21. The following slip is inserted in a 
book in the library : 

College of Fortwilliam 

March 21'^ 1805. 

Accounts have been just received here that the Ship 
on board which was the remainder of the Oriental Works 
for the University of Cambridge has been captured and 
carried into the Mauritius. A new set shall be prepared 
by next Season. 

C. Buchanan. 

' 'The Cambridge Guide' (Cambridge, 1830, 8^), p. 41. The 
inscription for the statue was written by Porson. It is printed in 
his life by J. S. Watson (London, 1861, 8°), p. 257. 

^ Chr. Wordsworth, 'Scholae Academicae ' (1877), P- 392- 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 109 

OBober 13. This day died Joseph Merrill, 
bookseller, of Cambridge. He gave ^200 to the 
library.' 

OSfober 25. The College of Fort William in 
Bengal this day presented a colle6lion of sixty-five 
volumes of oriental literature, all of which had 
been printed in Calcutta or Serampore between 
the years 1798 and the current year. 

The present west court was still at this time the 
court of King's College. Stratford Canning, after- 
wards Viscount Stratford de Radcliffe (1786- 18 80) 
occupied rooms, the site of which is still known, 
on the ground floor, immediately to the south of 
the west gate.^ 

1806. 

April 18. This day the Committee for the 
Sufferings of the Society of Friends presented 
thirty-five volumes relating thereto. 3 

December 8. The East India Company gave 
three manuscripts from Tippoo Sahib's library .+ 

1807. 

Professor Edward Christian this year published 
' A Vindication of the Right of the Universi- 
ties of Great Britain to a Copy of every new 
Publication.' 

April 15. The Rev. J. Mainwaring, fellow of 
St. John's College, Lady Margaret Professor (1788- 

' C. H. Cooper, ' Annals,' iv, 483. 

= A, C. Benson, 'Fasti Etonenses (1899), p. 259. 

3 The list of these is given, copied on to the fly-leaf of W. Sewel's 
Geschichte' (1742, F^) [Dd. 3. i]. 

4 Grace Book A, 499. 



no ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1807), dying this day, bequeathed ^^300 to the 
University for the purchase of divinity books.' 

Jutie. In the copy of Machlinia's edition of 
the ' Chronicles of England ' at Pembroke College, 
Cambridge, is a note by Clement Chevallier, 
librarian of the college, stating that the imperfec- 
tions have been supplied from Caxton's edition in 
the University Library. 

1808. 

February 15. The Christian Institution in the 
East presented the Synoptic Gospels in Sanskrit, 
and St. Matthew in Mahratta. 

OSlober 16. This day died the Rev. James 
Nasmith, D.D., re6lor of Leverington, who had 
made the manuscript Catalogue of MSS.^ 

November 16. Cesar Morgan, D.D., this day 
presented the Haarlem Prize Medal awarded him 
by Teyler's Godgeleerd Genootschap for his Dis- 
sertation in 1786, together with a copy of the 
work. 3 

T. F. Dibdin visited the library in this year. 
He writes : 

Well do I remember the congenial hours I spent in the 
closet holding the most precious part of Bishop Moore's 
colleftion, with my friend the Rev. Mr. ***** *^ tutor 
of one of the colleges in the same University, at my right- 
hand — (himself ' greatly given to the study of books ') 
adtively engaged in promoting my views, and increasing 
my extradls — but withal, eyeing me sharply ' ever and 

' Registry MS. 31. 3. 50 ; 31. 2. 45. 

* Now MS. Nn. 6. 42-6. He is buried at Leverington, where 
a monument was erefted by his widow. (D.N.B.) 

3 ' A Demonstration, etc' The book is handsomely bound, 
apparently by Bowtell. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. iii 

anon ' — and entertaining a laudable distrust of a keen 
book-hunter from a rival University ! I thank my good 
genius that I returned, as I entered, with clean hands.' 

1809. 

For a description of the library in this year see 
W. Gilpin's ' Observations.' 

February 20. This day died Richard Gough, 
the antiquary, As he had been a member of 
Corpus Christi College in this University, it might 
have been anticipated that his magnificent and 
unique library would have come to his ov^n 
University. But there is reason to believe that 
his career in Cambridge was not a happy one. 
He left without a degree.^ The coUeftion had 
been designed as a gift to the nation. It was 
offered by its owner under certain restridlions to 
the British Museum, and was refused. Under 
these circumstances, Gough left the whole to the 
Bodleian Library. ^ 

July I 2. Fifty volumes bought at Porson's sale 
were this day added to the library. 

1810. 

June 29. The Rev. Bailey Wallis, D.D., 
presented two engravings by Albrecht Diirer, 
'Melencolia' and 'The Knight, Time, and Death,' 
still exhibited in the library. 

November i. Mr. Patterson, of Hull, this day 
presented a portrait of Richard Ling, chancellor of 
the University in 1339 and I345.''' 

' * Bibliomania' (181 1), p. 419. 2 D.N.B. 

3 W. D. Macray, 'Annals,' 285. 

'^ Donation Book, p. 22. See a letter on the donor by B. W, 
Downs in MS. Add. 4251. 



112 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1811. 

June 27. Dr. Wallis presented 'A Brief Genea- 
logical Table of the House of Hanover.'' 

"July 5. He also presented an alto relievo por- 
trait of Queen Elizabeth, still exhibited. 

Dr. Claudius Buchanan published his ' Two 
Discourses, etc.,' relating to Hebrew manuscripts 
in the library.^ 

1812. 

May 22. The Hon. Shute Barrington, bishop 
of Durham, presented a copy of the Bible in the 
Arabic language, printed at Newcastle in 181 1. 

May 26. Louis XVHI, King of France, who 
had arrived at the Rose Inn on the previous day, 
viewed the public buildings and colleges.^ 

July 4. A Hebrew MS. of the Pentateuch was 
bought this day.''- 

November 13. The African Institution presented 
its report. 

November 20. The Court of King's Bench this 
day decided an adlion by the University against 
Bryer, under the Copyright Ad, 8 Anne. 5 

May I. Maria Edgeworth wrote the following 
description in her letters: 

We next proceeded to the University Library, not 
nearly so fine as the Dublin College Library. Saw 
Edward the Sixth's famous little MS. exercise book: 

I MS. Add. 153. ^ ' Cat. of Hebrew MSS.' p. 4. 

3 C. H. Cooper, ' Annals,' iv, 502. 

4 See ' Cat. of Hebrew MSS.' p. 4. This is probably the one 
of which a collation was published this year by Thomas Yeates 
(Camh. 1812,4^). 

5 C. H. Cooper, ' Annals,' iv, 504. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 113 

hand good, and Ink admirable ; shame to the modern 
chemists, who cannot make half as good ink now ! Saw 
Faustus' first printed book and a Persian letter to Lord 
Wellesley, and an Indian idol, said to be made of rice, 
looking like, and when I lifted it feeling as heavy as, 
marble. Mr. Smedley smiled at my being so taken with 
an idol, and I told him that I was curious about this 
rice-marhle^ because we had lately seen at Derby a vase of 
similar substance, about which there had been great 
debates. Mr. Smedley then explained to me that the 
same word in Persian expresses rice and the composition 
of which these idols are made. 

We saw the MS. written on papyrus leaves : I had 
seen the papyrus at the Liverpool Botanic Garden, and 
had wondered how the stift book could be rolled up ; and 
here I saw that it is not rolled up, but cut in strips 
and fastened with strings at each end. 

In this Library were three casts, taken after death — how 
or why they came there I don't know, but they were very 
striking — one of Charles XII., with the hole in the fore- 
head where the bullet entered at the siege of Friedericks- 
hall ; that of Pitt, very like his statue from the life, and all 
the prints of him ; and that of Fox, shocking ! no character 
of greatness or ability — nothing but pain, weakness, and 
imbecility. It is said to be so unlike what he was in 
health, that none would know it.' 

Richard Duppa published anonymously ' The 
Case stated betw^een the Public Libraries and the 
Booksellers.' ^^ 

' *Life and Letters of Maria Edgeworth,' edited by A. J. C. 
Hare (London, 1894, 8°), vol. i, pp. 199-200. The casts, together 
with those of the face of Sir Isaac Newton and the Right Hon. 
Spencer Perceval, were afterwards presented to the Anatomical 
Museum by the Syndics (' Catalogue of the Anatomical Museum,' 
Cambridge, 1862, 8°, nos. 1264-8). 

- Reprinted in 'The Pamphleteer, vol. ii, no. iv. 

I 



114 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

He also printed: 'An Address to the Parlia- 
ment of Great Britain on the claim of authors to 
their own copyright. Third edition not published: 
by a member of the University of Cambridge.'' 

1814. 

yiine I. Ackermann's view of the East Room 
and Law School was this day published in London. 

July. The library received a visit from Mrs. 
Siddons. Her daughter describes the incident: 

In the public library my mother received the honour of 
an address from Professor Clarke, who presented her with 
a handsome Bible from the Stereotype Press. - 

yiily 29. The royal assent was given to a Copy- 
right Aa.5 

September 3. A. J. G. De Vay, doftor in 
theology, and ' Socius Sorbonicus,' presented his 
' Biblia Sacra . . . exadle translata,' of which 
he had printed one hundred copies at his own 
expense. 

1815. 

February 9. This day died at Broxbourne the 
Rev. Claudius Buchanan, D.D., aged forty-eight, 
the generous benefadlor of the library. + 

^ 'The Pamphleteer,' vol. ii. 

^ T. Campbell, 'Life of Mrs. Siddons ' (2 vols. London, 1834, 
8°), vol. ii, p. 353. Mrs. Siddons' visit was probably at the com- 
mencement time, 5th July, when General Bliicher was entertained 
by the University. 

3 54 George III, c. 156, § 2. This was repealed by Stat. 5 & 6 
Via. c. 45. 

'^ The Catalogue of Oriental MSS. and Printed Books presented 
by him to the University is now MS. Add. 4223, 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 115 

This month E. D. Clarke, LL.D., presented a 
colledlion of dresses, etc., of the Esquimaux Indians 
in Hudson's Bay, brought by H.M.S. 'Rosamund' 
in 1 8 14. These numbered thirteen separate objects. 

November 20. The Missionary Society presented 
a copy of the New Testament, translated into the 
Chinese language by R. Morrison (Canton, 1813).' 

December 6. los. 6d. a week to be paid for an 
assistant to John Marshall, the sub-curator.^ 

J. M. F. Wright has a humorous description of 
the library at this time. In summing up the 
possible posts to be obtained at the University he 
adds at the end of the list : 

A Principal Librarian; to lay the books on the shelf. 
A Librarian; to brush the dust off them. ^ 

1816. 
June I I. Count Ferencz Szechenyi gave books. "^ 

1817. 

February 13. The Rev. Edward Daniel Clarke, 
of Jesus College, was this day elected librarian. 

June. This month the Rev. Dr. Seal), late 
fellow and tutor of Christ's College, presented a 
little Latin Vulgate of the fifteenth century. 5 

' Accessions Book. 

« Grace Book M, p. 173 (Luard, 291). John Marshall's hand- 
writing occurs in the Class Catalogue entries of AB 6. 1-23. See 
H. Bradshaw's notes on the fly-leaf of MS. Oo. 5. 44, and in the 
Class Catalogue entry of AB 4. 18. It is probable that the 
assistant here mentioned was Joseph ToUworthy. See post 8th 
April, 181 8. 

3 'Alma Mater' (1827), ii, 172. 
Grace Book M, p. 188. = MS. Dd. 15. 35. 



ii6 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1818. 

March 3. Sir Egerton Brydges obtained leave 
to introduce his Bill to amend the Copyright A61 
of 54 George III.' 

April 3. Against this Bill a petition was sealed 
by the University. 

April 8. Joseph Tollworthy to be paid 21s. and 
J. Bowtell I OS. 6d. a week while assisting in the 
library.^ 

This day the Senate sanctioned a Grace for a new 
catalogue at a cost of ^500. The compiler of this 
was John Bowtell.^ The rate at which it was 
completed may be of some interest : 

A, B (i Dec. 18 19), C— E (Od. 1820), F, G (June 
1 821), H— K (Feb. 1822), L— N (Feb. 1823), O— Q 
(June 1824), R — Z (2 November 1825).-^ 

May 6. W. Webb, vice-chancellor, gave his 
evidence before the Commissioners on Copyright. 

September 2-5. The Duke of Sussex paid a visit 
to the various colleges, libraries, and other public 
buildings. + 

' Cooper, 'Annals,' iv, 519. Mr. Macray has set out the fafts 
relating to copyright at this period in his ' Annals.' 

^ Grace Book M, p. 249 (Luard, 300). See ante 6th December, 
1815. 

3 Luard, luh annis. 

'' C. H. Cooper, 'Annals,' iv, 522. It was in 06lober of this 
year that Macaulay came up to Trinity, and remained in residence 
till 1824. This would hardly be worthy of note in this place, but 
as late as 1834 we find him writing to his sister: ' If I had at this 
moment my choice of life, I would bury myself in one of those 
immense libraries that we saw together at the universities, and 
never pass a waking hour without a book before me.' (' Life,' by 
G. O. Trevelyan,^i88i, S'^, p. 281.) 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 117 

1819. 

William Clark's 'Repertorium Bibliographicum' 
published anonymously in this year devotes eleven 
pages to this and other Cambridge libraries. 

July 6 (Commencement Day). This day the 
Duke of Gloucester, chancellor, visited the library 
with the duchess, and the Princess Sophia Matilda 
of Gloucester.' o 

March 9. This day died E. D. Clarke, librarian. ^ 

March 26. This day John Lodge, M.A., of 
Magdalene College, was eleded librarian. ^ 

May 15. The University granted 0iO to Mr. 
Durham to colled: books for the University under 
the Copyright A(5l. 

yune 22. The A61 of Parliament to allow an 
exchange of lands for the enlargement of the library 
this day received the royal assent.'^ 

This year the British and Foreign Bible Society 
presented a colledlion of fourteen Bibles, eighteen 
New Testaments, and various other books, in 
various languages. They also made donations, in 
succeeding years, of a similar charadler. 

1823. 

November 26. A syndicate was appointed to 
consider the best method of warming the library. 

1824. 
Dyer's ' Privileges of the University of Cam- 
bridge ' contains some account of the manuscripts. 

' Cooper, 'Annals,' iv, 524. 

2 He was buried in Jesus College Chapel. (D.N.B.), 

3 Luard, ' Documents,' 313. 

■♦ 3 George IV, Pr. c. 17. Luard, ' Documents,' 315. 



ii8 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

It also mentions the fa6l that a plan of Cambridge 
was at this date to be seen at the entrance to the 
library, and contains 'Loose Hints' upon the plan 
by the Rev. J. Ashby, B.D., late fellow of St. John's 
College.' 

May 5. This day for the office of Protobiblio- 
thecarius and librarian a fixed salary of ^105 each 
was agreed upon in place of the fees hitherto 
allowed.^ 

July I . A bust of the Rev. E. D. Clarke, former 
librarian, was this day placed in the vestibule.^ 

The Rev. T. F. Dibdin relates his visit to the 
library ' towards the end of the month of October' 
in company with Mr. Lodge, and states that he is 
'armed with documents' to prove that the library 
did not at this time contain 65,000 volumes; and, 
further, that it was declared to have 90,000 twenty 
years ago.4 ^g^g. 

May 14. This day died the Rev. T. Kerrich, 
Protobibliothecarius of the University, having held 
the post since 1797. 

May 22. This day John Lodge, M. A., librarian, 
was elected Protobibliothecarius. 

December 3. This day a proposal to allow B.A.'s 
to enter the library and to take out books under 
certain restrictions was thrown out by the Caput. 5 

December 6. This day the Rev. John Lodge was 
eledled to the office of sole librarian at a stipend of 
j(^2io, and the office of Protobibliothecarius lapsed. 

' Vol. ii, 117. Cf. 'Catalogue of MSS.' I, xi-xii, note. 
^ * Ordinationes,' 1863. ^ Now in the Fitzwilliam Museum, 
4 T. F. Dibdin, 'The Library Companion' (London, 1824,8'^), 
pp. 656-7. "^ Luard, 358. See i8th March, 1829. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 119 

1829. 

March 18. A Grace passed the Senate allowing 
resident Bachelors of Arts to take out books under 
certain restridlions. 

A visitor to the library in this year would have 
found, in addition to the pictures still remaining, 
the Ceres of Dr. Clarke, the casts by Nollekens of 
Pitt^ Fox, and Percival, and the cast of Charles 
XII, seen here by Miss Edgeworth in 18 12, a 
mummy brought from Egypt, and the canopy 
carried over Queen Elizabeth when she visited 
Cambridge ' ; some designs for an intended building 
at Cambridge by Mr. Soane ; and a design for a 
Bath by Mr. Humphrey.^ 

The Rev. John Manistre, M.A., fellow of King's 
College, bequeathed ^5,000 for the purchase ot 
books.3 

April 3. This day the University agreed to 
purchase the old court of King's College, now the 
second court of the library, for ^12,000. 

May 6. A syndicate, afterwards known as 'The 
First Syndicate,' was appointed to consider how 
the new site could be 'converted to Academic use.' + 

This year appeared ' The Book Rarities in the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge,' by the Rev. C. Hartshorne. ^ 

' Now in the Museum of Archaeology. See C.A.S. Proc. vii. 194. 
- Hartshorne's * Book-rarities ' (London, 1829, 8"), pp. 479-81. 

3 'Endowments' (1904), p. 453. 

4 Willis and Clark, iii, loi. The history of the building is 
there set out and need not here be repeated. 

5 London, 1829, 8°. On the title is a steel engraving by 
J. Le Keux of the original entrance gateway and eastern wall 
of the library, copied from Loggan. The description of the 
library extends to 173 pages. 



I20 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1830. 

The library was open at this period every day 
from 10 till 3, except on Saturdays, when it was open 
from 10 till I, and on Saints' days from 12 till 3. 
The colledtion was then spoken of as containing 
100,000 volumes. Among the curiosities con- 
sidered noteworthy at the time, 'two thermometers 
upon a new constru6lion, brought from Paris, ex- 
hibiting at one view the scales of Celsius, Fahren- 
heit, and Reaumur, are suspended in the north 
window of the Old Library.'' 

Four columns are devoted to the Cambridge 
libraries in Haenel's ' Catalogi ' printed this year.^ 

It was probably in this year that T. F. Dibdin 
visited Cambridge in company with Joseph Hasle- 
wood, of whom he says, 'There was no getting him 
out of Bishop Moore's black-letter closet. I thought 
Mr. Lodge must have had recourse to " the strong 
man" to pull him away from the editio princeps of 
"The blind beggar of Bethnal Green." '^ 

1833- 

February 13. This day Prof. Farish proposed to 
introduce a Grace to abolish the oath respecting 
the library, and to substitute a subscription before 
the Registrary.'^ 

April 30. This day the Rev. John Lodge, 
principal librarian, struck off ' to be preserved for 

' 'The Cambridge Guide' (Cambridge, 1830, 8''), pp. 41-8. 
See ante 1802. 

- ' Cat. of MSS.' I, xii, note, 

3 'Reminiscences of a Literary Life' (1836), p. 419 note. 

■♦ Luard, 279. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 121 

ever in the University Library ' a copy of a folio 
sheet at the Pitt Press, recording the occasion 
when the Marquis Camden, chancellor of the 
University, handed over the key of that building 
to Dr. Webb, vice-chancellor.' 

1834. 

April 14, 30. Dr. Lee having applied for the 
loan of two Wiclif MSS., the Grace was deferred 
till the manuscripts were exhibited.^ 

May. This month ninety volumes of French 
plays were bought at Heber's sale (from Garrick's 
library) ^ with other purchases. 

November ij. An order was passed for a bell to 
be placed in the library to be rung by all under- 
graduates and persons not members of the Uni- 
versity before entering the library. + 

On a brass plate on a wall in the basement 
under Cockerell's building is the following in- 
scription : 

In this Room Professor William Hallowes Miller con- 
struded the new Standards of Weight to replace those 
which were destroyed by the burning of the Houses of 
Parliament, A. D. 1834. 

■ 835. 

April 2. An example of the enthusiasm for the 
new library is given by a meeting of members of 
the University, which was held at Wakefield this 
day, the Earl of Mexborough in the chair. An 
association for the purpose was formed, which was 

' A copy of this sheet still hangs in the library, ^ Luard, p. 38. 
3 Sale, no. 5848, ^ Registry, University Papers, 



122 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

to meet every Wednesday and Saturday at 1 2 
o'clock.' 

1836. 

This year Thomas Wright published ' The Tale 
of the Basyn ' and the ' Frere and the Boy ' from 
two manuscripts in the library.^ 

May 10. A Bill to repeal the Copyright A61 
was introduced this day. 

September 29. The first stone of the new wing 
was laid this day by Gilbert Ainslie, D.D., master 
of Pembroke, vice-chancellor. The architeft was 
C. R. Cockerell, R. A., after whose name the build- 
ing is generally called. The estimated cost was 

£23.945-' 

1838. 

Richard Rowe was library keeper at this time.+ 

August 17. An auctioneer's poster is preserved 
describing a ' Beautiful Stone Wall ' belonging to 
the library, 45 ft. 6 in. long by 16 ft. 6 in. high, 
surmounted by nine balls, to be sold by Elliot 
Smith and Son. 

1840. 

June 8. The Rev. R. J. McGhee presented a 
collection of anti-papal documents, in a special 
cabinet. 

The Rev. R. W. Johnson, of Packwood, Henley- 
in-Arden, presented the English translation of 
Paleario's ' Trattato,' with the autograph of King 
Edward the Sixth. 

' Registry, University Papers (1835), 40. 5. 

2 From MSS. Ff. 5. 48 and Ee. 4. 35. 

3 See a full account, Willis and Clark, iii, 120. 

4 Luard, * List,' 472, etc. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 123 

1841. 

In this year appeared 'The Manuscript Rarities 
of the University of Cambridge, By James Orchard 
Halliwell,'' formerly scholar of Jesus College. The 
book contains a summary catalogue of the Uni- 
versity MSS., Dd. I. I — Ff. 5. 48 ; the second part 
consisting of the briefest possible notes on the 
college libraries. 

1842. 

March 1 1 . The east room of the library was 
this day appropriated to the piftures and books left 
to the University by Viscount Fitzwilliam (died 
1 8 16), now in the Fitzwilliam Museum.^ 

yune 22. The Rev. Thomas Halford, M.A., 
formerly of Jesus College, presented ^2,000 towards 
the erection of a new wing of the library. ^ 

July I. The Copyright A(5l passed. + 

November. The fittings of the new wing of the 
library were now complete. 5 

An appeal appeared in the local press at this 
time for an undergraduate reading room. ' Three 
fourths of the resident members of the University 
are excluded,' etc.^ 

1843. 

OBober 26. This day Queen Viftoria and the 
Prince Consort visited the library. They were 
received by the Syndics. 

' Afterwards Halliwell-Phillips. 

^ They had been deposited in the Perse School in Free School 
Lane. See S. P. Widnall, 'A Gossiping Stroll' (1892), p. 49. 

' Luard, 497, 553, 624. ' Revised in 191 1. 

5 Willis and Clark, iii, 121. The new building had cost over 
;^35,ooo. 

^ Registry, University Papers, 1840-3, no. 842. 



124 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

* The Librarian exhibited some of the treasures, viz. 
the Codex Bezae, the Anglo Saxon version of the Gospels, 
a manuscript of Wickliff's translation of the Bible, the 
Pastorale Gregorii translated by Alfred the Great, Cover- 
dale's Bible 1535, the book of Chess, 1474, and the 
earliest printed books at Oxford and Cambridge ' &c/ 

1845. 

April 9. The Rev. Joseph Power, M.A., Clare 
College, v^^as elected librarian. 

"June 1 1. This day hot-water pipes for warming 
the library were installed. 

1846. 

'June 29. This day John Dearie was prosecuted 
for stealing books. He was sentenced to seven 
years' transportation. 

July 4. J. O. Halliwell printed the ' Romance 
of Syr Tryamoure ' for the Percy Society from 
MS. Ff. 2.38 this year. 

1847. 

May 31. W. Maskell writes a note in the 
Winchester Pontifical of the XII Century, which 
had been lent him at Broadleaze, near Devizes, 
to collate with the Salisbury use.^ 

1848. 

January 7. This day appeared the ' Index to 
the Baker MSS. by four members of the Cambridge 
Antiquarian Society.'^ 

May. During this and the following month the 

' * Cambridge Chronicle,' 28th Oaober, 1843. 

^ MS. Ee. 2. 3, See his 'Monumenta Ritualia Ecclesis 
Anglicanae.' 

3 J. J. Smith, C. C. Babington, C. W. Goodwin, and Joseph 
Power, 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 



125 



Fitzwilliam colle6lion of books, pi6tures, etc., was 
removed from the east room.' 

1849. 
OSlober. This month the manuscripts were re- 
moved into the new (Cockerell) building. They 
remained there, in Class 11, until 1865.^ 

1851. 
In the spring of this year the Pitt Press Syndicate 
issued their instructions for the preparation and 
subsequent publication of the Catalogue of MSS., 
the first volume of which appeared in 1856. The 
names of those who assisted in the production of 
the work are given in the preface : 

I. Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, & Early English 
Literature Mr. C. Hardwick, St. Catherine's Hall, Editor. 

2. Classics. Churchill Babington, St. John's College. 

3. Heraldry. C. C. Babington, St. John's College. 4. 
History. W. R. Collett, Caius College. 5. Law. Prof. 
Abdy, Trinity Hall. 6. Music. W. W. Hutt, Caius 
College. 7. Science, Medicine &c. Dr. Webster, Jesus 
College; & J. Glover, Trinity. 8. Theology. H. R. 
Luard & C. B. Scott, Trinity : assisted by J. E. Cooper, 
St. John's College; W. W. Howard, Sidney; F. J. A. 
Hort, Trinity. 

"June. Dr. Walmisley presented the manuscript 
of 'Dr. Boyce's ' Installation Ode (June, 1749) for 
Voices and Orchestra.' ^ 

1852. 

OBoher 18. The King of Prussia presented a 
copy of Lepsius ' Monuments of Egypt.' '^ 

' Cooper, ' Memorials,' iii. ^ See /><?;/ 1865, 

3 [Nn. 6. 38.] It had been given to Wm. Shield, the glee- 
writer, by a son of the composer. 4 Luard, 560. 



126 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

The librarian appeared before the University 
Commissioners. The Commissioners reported, 
specially recommending a reading room.' 

1853- 

yanuary 21. An estimate and elevation for a 
reading room, by T. Smith, was received this day. ^ 

Francis Bashforth published ' Observations on 
some recent University buildings together with 
remarks on the management of the Public Library 
and Pitt Press.' 

The * Catalogus Bibliothecs Burckhardtianas ' 
appeared this year. It was by Theodore Preston, 
afterwards Lord Almoner's professor of Arabic. 

1854. 

February 8. The first Library Syndicate was 
this day appointed. 

Henry Bradshaw to Oscar Heun : 

It would be a charity to rescue from the dust in which 
it lies buried a copy of Wynkyn de Worde's * Nova 
Legenda Anglie.' Fol. Lond. 1516. It by rights belongs 
to K* 10. 38 ; but it is lying (or was when 1 left) on the 
top of the bookcase next the staircase leading up to your 
room.^ 

September 19. Mr. G. C. Norling, a Swedish 
gentleman, presented through the Swedish and 
Norwegian Minister, his MS. ' Emanuel Sweden- 
borg,'+ with an expressed wish ' that it may not be 
printed neither in original nor in translation.' 

' Luard, 563. ^ lb. 565. 

3 G. W. Prothero, ' Memoir of H. Bradshaw,' p. 32. -» Nn. 6. 35. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 127 

November 13. This day died John Bowtell, the 
writer of the Old Catalogue, finished in 1826. 

1856. 

'January i. The first volume of the Catalogue 
of MSS. was issued this year. 

April 7. The CoUedtion of University Papers 
made by Dr. Webb (master of Clare) were 
purchased. 

April 30. The colledlion of coins in the library 
was this day transferred to the Fitzwilliam 
Museum.' 

August 23. Twenty-two pidlures and prints 
were this day transferred to the Registry.^ 

05lober 29. It was agreed to add the Divinity 
School, then used as a storeroom, to the library, 
and to provide an approach to it from the room 
above by an iron spiral staircase ; and also to add 
the newspaper, music, and novel rooms. ^ 

November 10. This day Henry Bradshaw, of 
King's College, was elefted to fill a vacancy in 
the library. "^ 

1858. 

Vol. Ill of the Catalogue of MSS. was issued 
this year. E. Ventris, of Peterhouse, assisted in 
the historical and legal parts of this, G. Williams 
and T. Bendyshe, of King's College, in the monastic 
and heraldic parts. 

' Grace Book IT, p. 74. 2 Registry Books (with a list). 

3 Willis and Clark, iii, 121. ■♦ Prothero, 'Memoir,' 62. 



128 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

February 17. Eighty-six editions of Horace, 
colle(5led by M. D. Babington, of Trinity College, 
were purchased this day from his son, Churchill 
Babington/ 

OSlober i. In their preface, dated this day, the 
authors of the ' Athenae Cantabrigienses,' C. H. 
and T. Cooper, pay a marked tribute to the assist- 
ance given them in the library. 

1859. 

In this year John Percy Baumgartner, Esq., of 
Milton Hall, near Cambridge, presented part of 
the manuscripts which subsequently bore his name. 
They consisted mainly of the manuscripts of Strype 
and Patrick, collected by Dr. Knight.^ The rest 
were given in 1861, and the catalogue of them 
appeared in 1867.^ 

i860. 

A colledtion of Private A(5ls, in 112 volumes, 
was purchased from Mr. W. Salt. 

1861. 

Vol. IV of the Catalogue of MSS. was issued 
this year. 

The use of printed slips for the General Cata- 
logue was introduced this year.-^ 

1862. 
March 28. The Rev. George Williams, B.D., 
senior fellow of King's College, put forward a 
scheme for extending the south wing of the library 

' 'Minute Book,' ii, 145, 149. ^ Luard, No, 638. 

3 'Cat. of MSS.' vol. V. 4 Prothero, ' Memoir,' 61. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 129 

westward, up to the limit of the ground opposite 
Clare Hall, with a continuation northward to join 
the old gateway ; and for adding an additional 
storey to the old south building.' 

OBober. A paper on ' Manuscripts at Cam- 
bridge ' was contributed to the second number of 
the ' Home and Foreign Review,' by F. A. Paley. 
The manuscripts noticed are all liturgical. 

November 19. A duplicate of Caxton's Royal 
Book was this day exchanged for the 'Nova 
Rhetorica' of Laurentius de Saona, written in 
Cambridge in 1478, and printed at St. Alban's in 
1480.^ 

December 10. The syndicate issued their report 
recommending the scheme for the new wing, at 
an estimated cost of ^15,800. This was to include 
a second storey along the whole length of the south 
side of the library. 3 

1863. 

January 28. Henry Bradshaw's letters on 
Simonides appeared in 'The Guardian. '+ In the 
same year he identified the Sarum Breviary of 
1483 in the Bibliotheque Nationale as stolen from 
Cambridge. 5 

1864. 

February 26. The Rev. John E. B. Mayor, M. A., 
St. John's College, was elected librarian. 

May 21. The first stone of the new south 

' He embodied it in a printed letter on ' University Library 
Extension.' 

^ See H. Bradshaw's letter to the Vice-Chanoellor. 

3 WiUis and Clark, iii, 122-3. 

4 Prothero, 'Memoir,' 95-9. 5 Jb^ jqi. 



130 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

(Scott) wing was laid this day by the Rev. George 
Williams, B.D. 

F. H. Scrivener's edition of the ' Codex Bezae ' 
was published this year. 

The original roof of the first room, partly con- 
cealed by a modern ceiling until this year, was 
opened to view.' 

The ' Catalogue of Adversaria,' prepared by 
Churchill Babington and H. R. Luard, was issued 
this year. 

1865. 

February 6. J. E. B. Mayor's ' Notes on the 
Statute and Ordinances affedling the Library,' dated 
this day, were issued to the Senate on 5th May.^ 

May 24. The Greek marbles brought by Clarke 
and Cripps, and the bust of Clarke, were this day 
removed to the Fitzwilliam Museum.^ 

This year the manuscripts were brought from 
Cockerell's building to the new Scott building. + 

A sale of duplicates in this and the following 
year was superintended by C. H. Cooper and 
J. E. B. Mayor. 

1866. 

April 19. G. R. Crotch, M.A., of St. John's 
College, was appointed to his first post in the 
library. 5 

May 31. The annual grant was raised to 

' Willis and Clark, iii, 95. 

^ An additional statement by the librarian was printed this year 
dated i8th November. Luard, 739. 3 //,, 741. 

4 See ante iS4.(), post 1891. 

5 Prothero, 'Memoir,' 90. See post 1874. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 131 

1867. 

"January 26. This day the librarian, J. E. B. 
Mayor, announced his resignation.' 

February i. Vol. V of the Catalogue of MSS. 
was issued with preface dated this day. 

March 8. This day Henry Bradshaw was elefted 
librarian. 

By this month the south-west wing was used, 
in the upper part, for examination purposes.^ 

05lober. For some time a discussion had been 
continued upon the Lambeth Library. A letter 
to the 'Times' of 5th 06lober contains the case of 
the University as claimants for that colle6lion. A 
draft case for the opinion of counsel was prepared. 
Archbishop Longley decided to keep up the library 
at his own expense.^ 

The sum of £100 was placed at the disposal of 
the librarian for the purchase of incunabula at the 
sale of the famous Enschede colledlion, which took 
place at Haarlem. This was one of the first 
steps taken towards the formation of a ' museum 
of typography,' which has since become an im- 
portant feature of the library.* 

This year R. E. LofFt, Esq., of Troston Hall, 

near Bury St. Edmund's, gave a large number of 

Persian manuscripts. ^.^ 
I oOo. 

In the spring of this year Bradshaw presented 

to the library his own colleftion of books printed 

' In a fly-sheet of three pages. 

2 Grace, 28th March, 1867. WiUis and Clark, iii, 124. It 
was so used for twenty years. 

•' Luard, nos. 796, 802. Prothcro, 'Memoir,' p. 159. 
4 lb. p. 157. 



132 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

in the fifteenth century, fifty-eight in number. 
Shortly before this he had presented twelve folio 
volumes of Sanskrit wrorks printed at Bombay/ 

November 14. A colle6lion of 40,000 pamphlets 
was purchased this day from Mr. Ebenezer Palmer.^ 

This year Cotton Mather presented various 
Indian books and manuscripts. ^ 

1869. 

May. R. E. Lofft, Esq., made a further large 
donation of oriental manuscripts. 

November. A very considerable number of in- 
cunabula of the Low Countries were purchased 
this month in the sale at Ghent of the De Meyer 
colle(5lion.'^ 

1870. 

February. The Syndics placed ^300 at the 
librarian's disposal for the purchase of incunabula 
at the sale of the Culemann Library. 5 

March 30. On this day Bradshaw presented to 
the University his colleftion of books, pamphlets, 
and other printed papers relating to Ireland. It 
contains about 1,000 bound volumes and about 500 
folio, 700 quarto, and 2,700 o6tavo pamphlets.^ 

This year the Rev. H. G. Williams, professor 
of Arabic, sjave 102 volumes of Arabic and Persian 
manuscripts. 7 

^ ' Prothero,' 158. Holtrop in this year makes acknowledgment 
of Bradshaw's help to him in his ' Monuments Typographiques,' 

P- 75- 

2 Minutes, iii, 16. 3 Minutes, iii, 23. E. G. Browne, Hand-list. 

4 Bradshaw, ' Colleded Papers,' pp. 207-36. 

5 Prothero, ' Memoir,' 200. 

^ Luard, 847. 7 MSS. Add. 746-847. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 133 

1872. 

yanuary 30. A considerable number of Low 
Country books of the fifteenth century were bought 
at the sale of G. H. M. Delprat at the Hague/ 

March 6. The sum of ^\^S ^'^^ spent upon a 
coUedlion of books formed by the Rev. R. Willis, 
M.D., professor of anatomy. 

1873. 

March 12. Mrs. George Grote presented her 
husband's manuscripts.^ 

1874. 

"June 16. This day died G. R. Crotch, M.A., 
aged 33, formerly sub-librarian. ^ 

.875. 

April J. £iS^ were placed at the discretion of 
the librarian for the forthcoming Capron sale.+ A 
further sum was expended on books of architec- 
ture, machinery, etc., belonging to the late Prof. 
Willis. 

May 26. This day by a new rule any under- 
graduate could be admitted to the library at any 
hour when it is open, on presenting to the librarian 
a recommendation from his tutor. 5 

1876. 
The first volume of the Catalogue of Hebrew 

' Cf. ^ko post 1875. [MS. Add. 4307.] This included a large 
number of duplicates from the Royal Library at the Hague. 
' [Add. 1931-3.] 

3 The formation of the department of Natural History had been 
entrusted to him. See Prothero's ' Memoir ' and the * Entomologist's 
Monthly Magazine,' vol. xi, pp. 70-2 (1874). Cf. MS. Add. 5^713. 

4 See Adv.^MS. 2849. 

5 'Cambridge University Reporter,' i June, 1875, Annual Report. 



134 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

MSS., by S. M. Schiller-Szinessy, was published 
this year. 

February 9. Seventy-eight Greek and oriental 
manuscript fragments, formerly the property of 
Dr. C. von Tischendorf, v^ere purchased.' 

May 10. Several German universities, in reply 
to a communication from the Prussian Minister of 
Public Instrudion, agreed to present copies of their 
publications, programmes, and dissertations.^ 

November 22- The annual grant was this day 
raised to ^3,000. 

This year the University acquired the Epistle 
of St. Clement to the Corinthians in Syriac.^ 

1877. 

March 7. The books left by the late Richard 
Shilleto, with his annotations, were purchased. 

Ju/y. The library was officially inspected by 
Mr. H. B. Wheatley.+ 

Twenty-six Sanscrit manuscripts were purchased, 
procured from Nepaul by Mr. D. Wright. 5 



I 

May 8. Prof Ritschl's colledion of 6,000 
dissertations was purchased. 

OSlober 19. Mr. H. B. Wheatley presented his 
second report on the state of the library. 

^ MS. Add. 1877-94. 

2 These were to be delivered to the University's af^ent at Leipzig. 
'C.U.R.' i6th May, 1876. 

3 MS. Add. 1700. Described by Bishop Lightfoot in his 
'Clement of Rome' (1877). The manuscript was edited by 
R, L. Bensly and R. H. Kennett in 1399 (Cambridge). 

-t His printed report, dated 15th Odober, extends to eleven 
quarto pages. 5 MSB. Add. 1682-99 and 1 701-8. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 135 

1879. 

This year, at the invitation of the syndicate, Mr. 
H. R. Tedder reported on the state of the hbrary. 

May 14. The question of a reading room 
having again become acute, a long report was sub- 
mitted by the syndicate to the Senate.' 

1880. 

Mr. H. B. Wheatley again reported to the 
syndicate on the state of the library. 

This year, the New Divinity School having been 
completed, the old Divinity Le(5ture Room was 
added to the library, and a new office for the 
registration of books taken out and returned, was 
made out of the south entrance to the quadrangle.^ 

1881. 
OBober i8. The report lof the syndicate, made 
in 1879, recommending a reading room, was this 
day reissued.^ 

1882. 
May 25. The annual grant of the University 
was this year raised to ^3,500. 

1883. 

March i. A copy of the Coverdale Bible 
(1535) with an unique title was purchased of the 
Rev. J. T. Fowler, M.A., of Durham. 

OBober I. Cecil Bendall's Catalogue of the 
Buddhist Sanskrit MSS. in the library was published. 

' 'C.U.R.' 1879. This report was reissued on i8th Odober, 
1881. - Willis and Clark, iii, 124. 

^ 'C.U.R.' 58-63. The report was discussed on 25th October 
(pp. 81-4). See also a letter in the ' Cambridge Review,' iii, 50-1. 



136 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 



I 

Bookcases were this year added in the Arts 
School.' 

February 7. A Grace was passed, authorizing 
the removal of the statues of Kings George I by 
J. M. Rysbrack, and George II by Wilton, from 
the Senate house to the library.^ 

May 2. This day died at Milverton, near 
Leamington, the Rev. Edward Grey Hancock, 
M.A., formerly fellow of St. John's College. To 
the University he bequeathed the whole of his 
trust property, 3 amounting to ^10,482, afterwards 
used for eredling the new west wing, now called 
after his name.*^ 

1885. 

September 14. This day Theodor Mommsen 
visited and worked in the library. 

December 4. E. Magniisson this day issued a 
description of a proposed new library, on the 
principle of the nautilus. 

1886. 

"January. The fitting up of the Law School for 
library purposes was commenced this month, and 
an entrance into it was made at the foot of the 
staircase. 5 

The system of double-headings, on the printed 
slips of the catalogue, began also this year ; the 

' Willis and Clark, iii, 600. 

- The former had been originally designed for the library. They 
were placed where the) now stand, at the west end of Cockerell's 
building. 

3 'CU.R.' 1885, pp. 528, 591. 4 ih. nth February, 1890. 

5 Willis and Clark, iii, 602. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 137 

two columns of the catalogue were increased to 
three ; and the Weekly Bulletin first issued. 

February lo-ii. This night died Henry Brad- 
shaw, librarian. His life and work are recorded 
in Dr. G. W. Prothero's ' Memoir.' His liturgical 
and Irish colle6lions were presented by his family ; 
other volumes by subscribers. 

February 24. William Robertson Smith, pro- 
fessor of Arabic, was elected librarian. 

1886. 

"June 18. Sir Frederic Madden's coUedtion of 
Ballads, in twenty-five volumes, was purchased 
this day.' 

OBober 11. Sir T. F. Wade, K.C.B., this day 
presented all his books relating to China, Korea, 
Japan, the Malay Peninsular, and any Asiatic 
country.^ 

November 25. This day the honorary office of 
keeper of the Chinese books was conferred upon 
the donor. 

In this year the King of Italy presented the 
Turin edition of Dante, published at the time. 

1887. 

A volume, missing since 1 846, was restored at the 
cost of H. M. Taylor, M.A., of Trinity College. 3 

June 16. The contrail for the new Hancock 
building, at ^13,685, was accepted by the Senate. 

November 10. The annual grant was raised to 
^4,000. 

' See 'C.U.R.' p. 843, Grace lO note. 

^ ' C.U.R.' pp. 43-4. An account of the library, by Dr. H. A. 
Giles, appeared in the ' Cambridge Review,' November, 1902. 
3 [Novi^ Syn. 8. 54. 20 and 117.] 



138 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 



I 

Dr. John Venn, fellow of Gonville and Caius 
College, presented his library of books on Logic, 
comprising more than 1,000 volumes. 

The oriental books and manuscripts of the Rev. 
George Percy Badger, D.C.L., the Arabic scholar, 
were presented by his widow. The colledion 
contains sixteen Arabic and Syriac manuscripts.' 

Pope Leo XIII presented a copy of the ' O- 
maggio,' published on the occasion of his jubilee. 

1889. 

February 1 9. This day the Rev. C. Taylor, D.D., 
Master of St. John's College, presented the sum 
of ;r400, being the amount of his stipend as vice- 
chancellor for the past year. This sum was 
expended upon the statues erected upon the new 
Hancock building. 

OBober i. W. Robertson Smith resigned the 
librarianship. 

OBober 12. F. J. H. Jenkinson, M.A., fellow 
of Trinity College, was ele6ted librarian. 

The trustees of the British Museum, in this year 
transferred about 1,200 volumes of duplicates to 
the library. jg^^ 

April 21. On this day Arthur Cayley, Sadlerian 
Professor, presented ^500 towards the new Han- 
cock building.^ 

December 3. By this time the new Hancock wing 
had been completed, at a total cost of ^(^16,175.^ 

' 'University Reporter,' 6th November, 1888, p. 143. 

^ This was expended upon the oak cases in the Manuscript 
Room, and the Star Room (which contains the old library of the 
University). ^ 'C.U.R.' p. 290. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 139 

1891. 

June 4. The grant to the library was this day 
raised to ^(^5,000. 

This month seven manuscripts were bought from 
the trustees of the parish library at Brent-Eleigh, 
Lavenham, Suffolk.' 

This year the manuscripts were removed from 
the Scott building to the new Manuscript Room.^ 

1892. 

January 21. John Couch Adams, M.A., F.R.S., 
Lowndean Professor of Astronomy, dying this day, 
bequeathed 1,500 early printed books. 

February 11. This day, a volume, probably 
missing since 1859, was picked up on a stall in 
Farringdon Road, and presented by Mr. C. Higham, 
bookseller. 

May 25. The syndicate recommended the addi- 
tion of a gallery round the catalogue room, but this 
obvious improvement was not approved.^ 

June 8. The donation of fifteenth century 
books to the library by S. Sandars, M.A., received 
this day special acknowledgment on the part of the 
syndicate. Among them were two books printed 
by Caxton.+ 

December 8. About this time Professor Aufrecht 
of the University of Bonn commenced a catalogue 
of the Sanskrit manuscripts in the library. This 
task he was afterwards compelled by ill-health to 
abandon. 

' MS. Add. 3037-43. There had been a previous sale in 1889. 
MS. Add. 3327 and 4077 were bought later on. 
- See ante 1849 ^"^ 1865. 
3 'C.U.R.'p. 837. 4/^. p. 1050. 



HO ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

1894. 

March 31. W. Robertson Smith, formerly 
librarian, dying this day, bequeathed his Syriac 
and Arabic manuscripts, and twenty volumes of 
printed books.' 

May 24. This day resident undergraduates who 
had passed Part I of a Tripos Examination were 
permitted to borrow books. 

'June 15. This day died Samuel Sandars, M.A., 
of Trinity College. He bequeathed to the Uni- 
versity, besides a number of books and manuscripts, 
^500 for the exclusive purchase of early English 
books. He also left jr2,ooo to found a Readership 
in Bibliography, Paleography, etc.^ 

November 22. The oriental library of the late 
Prof. R. L. Bensly was this day presented by his 
friends as a memorial to him.^ 

•895- 

The King of Siam presented thirty-nine volumes 
of the Buddhist Sacred Canon, printed in Pali with 
Siamese chara6lers. 

March. The representatives of the Rev. Joseph 
Griffith, LL.D., St. John's College, deceased, 
gave a coUeftion of old volumes of English 
literature.'^ 

December 5. The widow of Prof. R. L. Bensly 
presented sixty-two oriental manuscripts from her 
husband's library. 5 

' Annual Report, p. i. 

^ 'C.U.R.' 27th November, p. 251. 'Cambridge Review,' 
xvi, 54 (8th November, 1894), 

3 'C.U.R.' 6th November, 1894, pp. 160, 251. 

4 lb. 3rd June, 1896, p. 877. 5 Ih, p. 305. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 141 

1896. 

February 5. This day was published Mr. E. G. 
Browne's Catalogue of Persian MSS. in the Uni- 
versity Library. 

February 13. The Committee of the Memorial 
to the late Prof. Robertson Smith, formerly 
librarian, presented the sum of ^(^335 for the 
purchase of oriental manuscripts.' 

March 12. Certain Singhalese and other manu- 
scripts having been inspected by Mr. Wickrema- 
singha, an order was san(5tioned for the temporary 
deposit of them in the British Museum, to facilitate 
the preparation of a catalogue.^ 

June 4. The friends of the late Prof. Sir T. F. 
Wade offered a sum of money to be spent in 
making a catalogue of the Chinese library pre- 
sented by him.^ 

June 1 1 . The privilege of taking out books 
was this day extended to Advanced Students. "* 

June 18. The widening of the galleries in 
Cockerell's building, at a cost of ^1,300, was 
undertaken this day. 5 

1897. 

June 10. The privileges of the library were 
this day extended to University teachers appointed 
by the Special Board of Indian Civil Service 
Studies. 

July I. This day died Frank Chance, B.A., 
M.B., M.R.C.P., of Burleigh House, Sydenham 
Hill, a distinguished Hebrew scholar and linguist, 

' 'C.U.R.' p. 499. ^ Ih. p. 619. 3 /^. p. ^26. 

'^ See ante 1894. 5 'C.U.R.' 1062. 



142 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE 

one of the Old Testament Revision Company. He 
bequeathed 400 volumes of philology and criticism. 

July 5. Mr. S. Schechter, reader in Talmudic, 
in a letter in the 'Times' (dated ist July) an- 
nounced the discovery of further fragments of the 
Hebrew^ original of Ecclesiasticus. 

August 3. To-day Mr. Schechter described in 
the 'Times' his investigations and discoveries: 

Mr. Schechter, through the interest and generosity 
of Dr. Taylor, the master of St. John's College, 
and two other members of the University had made a 
special journey during the preceding winter to Cairo, in 
order to investigate and, if possible, procure the contents 
of the ' Genizah ' or burial place of superseded literature, 
conneded with the synagogue of Old Cairo. These 
burial places form a distind feature in the economy of 
Jewish life, and from their great antiquity cannot but 
contain materials of priceless and often unique interest. 
Mr. Schechter had been able to transport the debris, pre- 
served in this way at Old Cairo, to England, and for 
some weeks had been examining his harvest in one of the 
rooms in the library. As already stated, he had found 
some fragments of the Ecclesiasticus, and he summarized 
his result in his published article. Furthermore, Mr. 
Burkitt, in examining some of the fragments, found a 
palimpsest of Aquila's Greek translation of the Old Testa- 
ment, belonging to the sixth century. 

Mr. Burkitt announced his discovery in a separ- 
ate letter, also in the 'Times.'' 

' On the following day appeared a letter, signed 'Suum Cuique,' 
asserting that the mine, thus described by Mr. Schechter, had 
been known at Oxford for some years; making mention of 
Dr. Neubauer's work, and of Mr. Adler's papers of March, 
1896. A brief reply to this was given by Mr. Schechter in the 
same journal. 



UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 143 

August 20. Several fragments more of Eccle- 
siasticus came to light during this month, and 
to-day a leaf of Georgian manuscript, being the 
first in the library. 

The Bahadur of Khetri visited the library this 
month. 

1898. 

January i. The system of measuring books by 
centimetres was commenced this day. 

February 9. This day the honorary office of 
keeper of the Chinese books was conferred on the 
new Chinese professor, Dr. H. A. Giles. 

February 22. This day the electric light was 
first used in the library. 

March 9. King Alexander of Servia presented 
the facsimile of the Slavonic manuscript of the 
Gospels in the Servian form.' 

'June 8. The Rev. C. Taylor, D.D,, master 
of St. John's, and Dr. Schechter, reader in Tal- 
mudic, offered the collection of manuscripts brought 
from the Genizah of Old Cairo, to the University. 

September 24. This day, being Saturday, the 
library was further opened from i till 2 for the 
first time. 

November 8. This day was published the 
' Catalogue of the Wade Colledlion of Chinese 

* The manuscript was written by order of the Servian prince 
Miroslav, in the second half of the twelfth century. It was pre- 
sented to King Alexander by the monks of Mount Athos in 1895. 
See the 'Times,' 23rd February, 1898. 



144 ANNALS OF CAMBRIDGE. 

and Manchu books in the library of the University,' 
by Professor H. A. Giles. 

This year A. C. Cole, M.A., of Trinity College, 
presented the Court Rolls of Forncett Manor, in 
Norfolk.' 

1899. 

March 2. To facilitate the cataloguing and 
arrangement of oriental books and manuscripts the 
senate agreed to establish a Curatorship in Oriental 
Literature. 

April 8. This day was published the new fac- 
simile of the Codex Bezae, reproduced by M. Paul 
Dujardin, of Paris, by the heliogravure process. 

During this month three leaves of a sixth 
century palimpsest of Augustine were discovered 
by Mr. A. Baldrey." 

June 14. E. G. Browne, M.A., Pembroke 
College, was appointed first Curator in Oriental 
Literature. 

1900. 

OSiober i. Mr. E.G. Browne's 'Handlist of 
the Muhammadan MSS.' was published this day. 

November 7. Mr. Richard James Wilkinson, 
of the Straits Settlements Civil Serv^ice, formerly 
of Trinity College, presented a valuable coUedion 
of Malay manuscripts and printed books. 

December, The first volume of a catalogue of 
Early English Printed Books appeared this month. ^ 

' MS. Add. 5908-28 and Rot. 112-38. 

^ MS. Add. 4320 (Cairo Colledion). 3 Completed in 1906. 



INDEX. 



Abdy, Prof., 125. 

Abendana, I., 87. 

Abrahams, I., 78. 

Ackermann, 1 14. 

Afts, Private, 128. 

Adams, J. C, 139. 

Adams, Sir T., 86. 

Adler, Mr., 142, 

Admission, 29, 43, 60, 84, 118, 

133. 
Adversaria, 104, 130. 
iEthiopic, see Ethiopic. 
African Institution, 112. 
Ainslie, G., vice-chancellor, 122. 
Albert, Prince Consort, 123. 
Aldewyck, J., 17. 
Alexander, King of Serbia, 143. 
Allen, J., 82. 

Alne, Robert, 15, 16, 17, 19. 
Alsop, J., 70. 
Andrewes, L., bishop, 61. 
Anglo - Saxon manuscripts, 90 ; 

studies, 75. 
Anselm, St., 5. 
Anstey, H., 3. 
Arabic books, 73, 74, 77, 112; 

manuscripts, 67, 88, 103, 132, 

138 ; type, 68, 72. 
Aristotle, 4, 1 1, 23, 43. 
Armenian Patriarch, 90. 
Arnold, Chr., 79. 
Arts School, 136. 
Ascham, R., 45. 
Ash, F., 80. 
Ash, Simon, 80. 
Ashby, Rev. J., 118. 
Askew, A., 104. 
Audley End, 63. 
Aufrecht, S. T., 139. 



Augustinian Friars, 45. 

Austin, J., 93. 

Aylmer, J., 13, 15, 16, 17. 

Babington, C. C, 124, 125. 
Babington, Churchill, 125, 130. 
Babington, M. D,, 128. 
Bacon, F., 60, 66-7, 82. 
Bacon, Sir N., 49, 51, 52. 
Bacon, R., 89. 
Badger, G. P., 138. 
Baker, P., 60. 
Baker, T., 91-3, 95, 98; Index, 

124. 
Baldrey, A., 144. 
Bale, J., 46. 
Ballads, 137. 

Balsham, Hugh, bishop, i. 
Bancroft, R., archbishop, 61, 77-8, 

80, 84-5. 
Bannister, H. M., 5, 12. 
Banquet, 79. 
Barnardiston, J., 102. 
Barnes, Ds., 71. 
Barnes, R., bishop, 52. 
Barrington, Shute, bishop, 112. 
Bashforth, F., 126. 
Baskett, T. and R., 99. 
Bateman, W., bishop, 2, 6. 
Bateson, M., 16. 
Bath, 119. 

Baumgartner, J. P., 128. 
Beaufort, T., duke of Exeter, 2. 
Bedwell,W., 71 /^r, 72, 73, 77, 92. 
Bell, 121. 
Sellers, J., 94. 
Bendall, C, 135. 
Bendyshe, T., 127. 
Benet College, see Corpus Christi, 



146 



INDEX. 



Bengal, 109. 

Bensly, R. L., 140 bis. 

Bentham, Joseph, 99, 

Bernard, R., 49, 68, 89. 

Beverley, John, 28. 

Beza, Th., 52 ; see Codex. 

Bible, Coverdale, 135. 

Billingford, R. de, 2. 

Binders, etc., see Bookbinders, etc. 

Black Friars, 45. 

Blide, W. de, 2, 5. 

Blomefield, F., 12. 

Blondel, R. de, 2. 

Bliicher, General, 1 1 4. 

Blynforth, R., 15. 

Bois, J., see Boys. 

Bombay, 132. 

Bookbinders, 24, 73, 76. 

Bookbinding, 35. 

Bookplates (1574), 49. 

Boraston, S. de, 8. 

Borrowing of Books, 140, 141, 

Botolph, St., chest, 2. 

Botwright, J., 26. 

Bourchier, archbishop, 35. 

Bowes, R., 54, 6j, 80. 

Bowtell, J., binder, 105, 1 10, 1 16, 

127. 
Boyce, W., 125. 
Boys, John, 50, 70. 
Bradshaw, H., et passim, 126, 127, 

129, 131, 132, 137. 
Brampton Brian, 74. 
Brent-Eleigh, 139. 
Breviary, Sarum, 102, 129. 
Breton, J. de, 28. 
British and Foreign Bible Society, 

117. 
British Musenm, 9, 10, 138. 
Broke, F. Greville, Lord, 70. 
Brooke, Ph., 92-3. 
Brooke, T., 67, 70, 
Browne, E. G., 68, 141, 144. 
Brown, R., 39. 
Browne, Sir T, 83. 
Browne, Sir W., 92. 



Brydges, Sir E., 116. 

Bryer, 112. 

Buchanan, C, 108 bis, 112, 114. 

Buck, T., 81. 

Buckingham, G. Villiers, duke of, 

67-8, 70, 72, 73, 97. 
Buckingham, duchess of, 72. 
Buddhist manuscripts, 135, 140. 
Bulletin, 137. 
Burckhardt, L,, 126. 
Burgh, Elizabeth de, 7. 
Burghley, W. Cecil, Lord, 57. 
Burkitt, F. C, 142 bis. 
Burrough, J., 100. 
Bury, H., 74. 
Byng, T., 47. 

Cadiz, 89. 

Cairo manuscripts, 142-3. 

Caius, J., 42, 47, 49. 

Caius College, 3, 4, 7, 9, 1 1. 

Calcutta, 109. 

Camden, Marquis, 121, 

Canon Law, 22 ; schools, 26, 27, 

44. 
Canopy, 119. 
Canton, 1 1 5. 
Capron sale, 133. 
Carmelites, 9. 
Cartwright, C, 78. 
Casanbon, L, 61. 
Castell, E., 88. 
Castro Bernardi, T. de, 2 corr., 1 1, 

17- 
Catalogues (1424), 13, (1473) 3i» 

(1556) 47, (1573) 48, (1600) 

59,(1657)82,(1659)83,(1697) 

89, (1728) 95, (1753) 100; 

coins, 99; printed, 128, 136-7. 
Catharine Hall, see St. Catharine's 

Hall. 
Causton, M., 7. 
Cautiones, 2, 3, 4, 9, II, 25, 38, 

40,41. 
Caxton, W., 34, no, 129. 
Cayley, A., 138. 



INDEX. 



H7 



Ceres Statue, io8, 119. 

Ceylon, 141. 

Chaderton, W., bishop, 55. 

Chains, 10, 29, 'x,\'jt passim. 

Chamberlayne, E., 91. 

Champneys, G., 30. 

Chance, F., 141. 

Chapel, 24, 28. 

Charles III., King of Spain, loi, 
102, 103. 

Charles XII, 1 13, 1 19. 

Charles, k'ing of Naples, see Charles 
III, king of Naples. 

Chaucer, G., 64. 

Cheke, Sir J., 45, 46, 47. 

Chelsea College, 61. 

Chests, 2-4, 44. 

Chevallier, C, 1 10. 

Chichele, 1 1. 

Chinese manuscripts, 96 ; library, 
137, 141, 143 bis\ New Testa- 
ment, 115, 

Chirche, J., 14. 

Christian VII, king of Denmark, 
102 bis, 105. 

Christian, E., 109. 

Christian Institution, no. 

Church, Great St. Mary's, 33, 40, 

^3- . . 

Church Missionary Society, 115. 

Cingalese manuscripts, 141. 

Civil Law, II, 13 ; school, 26. 

Clapham, Mr., 70. 

Clare Hall, 4, 7, 12. 

Clark, J. W,, 3 bis, 4, 6, 9, etc. ; 

see Willis, R. 
Clark, William, 117. 
Clarke, E. D., 107-8, 114-5 bisy 

Wj, 118, 130 bis. 
Clausura, 36. 
Clerke, J., 89. 
Clifton, 2. 

Cockerell, C. R., 122. 
Cockerell's building, 141. 
Codex Bezae, 52, 65, 91, 105, 130, 

144. 



Coins, 56, 92, 96, 99, 127. 

Coke, Sir E., 64-5. 

Colchester, 21. 

Cole, A. C, 144. 

Cole, W., 1 01, 103 bis. 

Colbatch, J., 99. 

Coleman, J., 93. 

Collett, W. R., 125. 

Commencement House, 86. 

Commissioners, Fen, 79 ; uni- 
versity, 126. 

Constantinople, 81. 

Cooper, C. H., 18, 29, 128, 130 

Cooper, J. E., 125. 

Cooper, T., 128. 

Coptic manuscripts, 88. 

Copyright (1622) 67, (1662) 85, 
(1709) 90, (1775) 103, (1805) 
108, (1812) 112, (1813) 113, 
(1814) 114, (i8i8) 116 bis, 
(1836) 122, (1842) 123. 

Corpus Christi College, 7, 8, 26, 
45, 84, 90. 

Corrie, G. E., 6, 7. 

Cosin, J., bishop, 88. 

Cosmo III of Tuscany, 87. 

Cotton, CO. Cambs., 71, 

Crashaw, W., 64. 

Creighton, R., 75. 

Cripps, Mr., 108, 130. 

Crome, Walter, 20, 21, 23, 24. 

Cromwell, O., 81, 83. 

Crooke, Samuel, 79. 

Cross, Holy, see Holy Cross. 

Crotch, G. R., 130, 133. 

Crouched Hostel, 17. 

Croucher, J., 15. 

Culemann, F. H., 132. 

Cunnyssburgh, E., 25. 

Curator 1 of Oriental Literature, 
144. 

Dale, S., 95. 
Dalechamp, C, 73. 
Damlet, H., 33. 
Dante, 107, 137, 



148 



INDEX. 



Darlington chest, 2. 

Davidson, Alexander, 107. 

Davies, John, 104. 

Dearie, John, 124. 

De Laune, P., 65. 

De la Zouche, Eudo, 10. 

Delprat, G. H. M., 133. 

Denmark, King oi,see Christian VII. 

Dell, Mr., 83. 

Derlingham chest, 2. 

D'Ewes, Sir S., 78, 79. 

Dibdin, T. F., no, 118, 120. 

Divinity School, 40, 127, 135. 

Dobson, Isaac, 84, 86. 

Dome Room, 93. 

Dominicans, 10. 

Donors' Book, 33, 42, 49, 55, 64. 

Downham, Little, 61. 

Downs, B. W., III. 

Dowsing, W., 77. 

Dublin, T. C, 112. 

Ducket, Gabriel, 57, 60, Sj. 

Ducket, L., 60. 

Durer, A., in. 

Dugdale, Sir W., 81, 83. 

Dujardin, Paul, 144. 

Du Moulin, L., 82. 

Dunmow, 14. 

Duplicates, 89, 99, I 30. 

Duppa, B., 1 13. 

Durham, Mr. 117. 

Dury, J., 79. 

Dyer, G., 1 1 7. 

East India Company, 109. 

East Koom, 43, 97-8, 100, 123. 

Edgeworth, M., 112, 119. 

Edward I, 2. 

Edward IV, 33. 

Edward VII, 46, II 2, 122. 

Edwards, E., 7 n. 

Egypt, 119. 

Eleanor, Queen, 2. 

Electric Light, 143. 

Eleusis, 108. 

Elizabeth, Queen, 47, 1 19. 



Ellis, John, 86. 

Eltisle, T. de, 8. 

Ely Cathedral, 29 ; chest, 2. 

Ely, John de, bishop, 2. 

Elzevirs, 68. 

Emmanuel College, 85. 

Ensched6, 131. 

Entrance, 1 19. 

Erasmus, D., 40. 

Erpenius, T., 62, Gj, 68, 72, 90, 

92. 
Esquimaux, 1 15. 
Essex, J., 97. 
Ethiopic manuscripts, 88 ; type, 

68. 
Eton Chrysostom,'62. 
Euclid, 108. 
Evelyn, J., 80. 

Exeter Cathedral, 49 ; chest, 2. 
Exeter, T. Beaufort, duke of, 2. 

Faithorne, W., 87. 
Parish, Mr., 120. 
Farmer, R., 103-4 bis, 106, 107. 
Fenn Chest, 2. 
Fenn, Hugh, 2. 
Ferdinand IV, king, loi. 
Ferrari, Dr., 91. 
Firby, Dr., 37. 
First Room, 54. 
Fisher, J., bishop, 41. 
FitzHugh, R., bishop, 18. 
Fitzwilliam, Viscount, 123; Mu- 
seum, 56, 96, 123, 125, 127. 
Flaxman, J., 108. 
Fletcher, Giles, 51. 
Fontibus, L. de, 10. 
Forncett Manor Rolls, 144. 
Fort William, 108 bis, 109. 
Fowler, G. H., 11. 
Fowler, J. T., 135. 
Fowler, O., 81. 
Fox, C. J., 113, 119. 
Foxton, R., 82. 

France, king of, see Louis XVIII. 
Franciscans, 5, 12, 42. 



INDEX. 



149 



Franke, Dr., 85. 

Frere and the Boy, 122. 
Friars, see Augustinians ; see Black 
Friars; Minors, /i?^ Franciscans. 
Friends, Society of, 109. 
Frogg, H., 53, 54. 
Fuller, T., 2, 81. 

Gale, R., 99. 

Gardiner, G., 54. 

Garnett, R., 79. 

Garrick, D., 121. 

Gateway, Eastern, 119. 

Gaultier, L., 62. 

George I, 92, 97, 98, 136. 

George II, loo-i, 136. 

Georgian manuscript, 143. 

Germany, I 34. 

Gibbons, A., 1 2. 

Giles, H. A., 137, 143-4. 

Gilpin, W., III. 

Glass, 10, 28, 33, 38, 45, 99-100. 

Gloucester, Humphrey, duke of, 

33- 
Gloucester, duke and duchess of, 

117; Princess Sophia of, 1 1 7. 
Glover, J., 125. 
Godwin, F., bishop, 65. 
Golins manuscripts, 88. 
Gonville Hall, 6, 11, 20, 23, 28, 

31 et passim. 
Goodwin, C. H., 124. 
Gosse, E., 83. 
Gotham, H. de, 2. 
Gottlieb, T., 7«. 
Gough, R., 103, 1 1 1. 
Grant, Annual (1866) 130,(1876) 

134, (1882) 13s, (1887) 137, 

(1891) 139. 
Grace Books, 24, etc. 
Grant, E., 52. 
Gray, G. J., 24, 35,41,42. 
Greek manuscripts, 81, 103, 104 

bis; books, 43 ; school, 97 ; type, 

73; 

Greville, Sir Fulke, 63. 



Greyn, Mr., 35. 
Griffith, J., 140. 
Grote, G., 133. 
Gunthorpe, J., 38. 
Gwin, H., 47. 
Gylford chest, 3. 

Hacket, J., bishop, 87. 

Hadderton, S., 94, 97. 

Haenel, G., 120. 

Halford, T., 123. 

Hall, Joseph, bishop, 71. 

Halliwell, J. O., 123-4. 

Halvergate, 1 1. 

Hancock, E. G., 136; building, 

136-7. 
Hann, J. de, 3. 
Hardwick, C, 125. 
Hardy, C, 74. 
Hare, R., 57, 62. 
Harford, Dundas, 31. 
Harling, R. de, 2. 
Harling, W., 9. 

Hartshorne, C. H., 28, 103, 119. 
Haslewood, J., 120. 
Hastingfield, 89. 
Hatley, W., 35, 39. 
Hearne, T., 95. 
Heber, R., 121. 
Heberden, Mrs., 107. 
Hebrew manuscripts, 75, 87, 88, 

1 12 bis, 133; books, 78. 
Henry VI, king, 18, 19, 22. 
Herbert, Lord, of Cherbury, j6. 
Herbert, G., 66. 
Herbert, W., 103. 
Heraldry, 10, 33, 57. 
Herling, R. de, see Ling. 
Heun, O., 126. 
Hevelius, J., 79, 86. 
Heyward, John, 71. 
Heywood and Wright, 68-9. 
Hickman, J., j6-'j. 
Higham, C., 139. 
Hobart, N., 81. 
Hobbes, R., 40. 



50 



INDEX. 



Hobson, T., 58-9. 

Hofton, J. de, 3. 

Holbrook, J., 14. 

Holdsworth, R., 78, 84, 85, 100. 

Holkot, R., 12. 

Holler, T., 82. 

Holler, W., 11, 14. 

Holme, R., 13, 14, 16, 17. 

Holy Cross Hostel, 17. 

Home, R., bishop, 48-9. 

Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, 

18. 
Hostels, 30; of the Holy Cross, 17. 
Honywood, M., 70. 
Hopkins, H., 71. 
Horatius, 128. 
Hort, F. J, A., 125. 
Hough, Mr., 96. 
Howard, W. W., 115. 
Howland, Dr., bishop, 58 
Hugh, St., 22. 
Hughes, Mr., 82. 
Hulle, W., 18, 19. 
Humphrey, Mr., 1 19. 
Hutt,W. W., 125. 

Inglis, Charles, bishop, 104. 
Ipswich, 71. 
Ingoldsmell, 12. 
Insula, T. de, bishop, 3. 
Italy, king of, 137. 
Ive, N., 14, 15- 

James I, 60, 65, 66, 97. 

James, M. R., 3, 6, 7, 12, 33. 

James, T., 59, 89. 

James, W., 5 i. 

Japanese manuscripts and books, 

96, 137. 
Jegon, J., 57. 
Jegon, T., 58. 
Jenkinson, F., 13, 62, 138. 
Jesus College, 38. 
John, St., of Jerusalem, 18. 
Johnson, F., 37. 
Johnson, R., 65. 



Johnson, R. W., 122. 

Justice, H., 98. 

Juxon, W., archbishop, 84. 

Kendale, 16. 

Kenyon, C. H., 69. 

Kerrich, T., 106, 118. 

Khetri, 143. 

King, T., 14. 

King's College, 1 1, 20, 22, 23, 24; 

fire, 25 ; provost, 60, 93, 109, 

119. 
King's Hall, 4, 9, 12, 13, 18, 38. 
Kipling, Dr., 105. 
Kirkby, C, 14, 15. 
Knight, S., 128. 
Korea, 137. 

Lakenheath, A., 8. 

Lambeth Library, 78-80, 84-5, 
131 ; Wills, II, 18. 

Langley, T., bishop, 15, 18, 19. 

Langton, John, 19. 

Laud, W., archbishop, 73. 

Laughton, J., 88, 91. 

Lavenham, 139. 

Law School, 136. 

Law, E., bishop, loi. 

Leathes, S. M. 33. 

Lee, S., 121. 

Leicester, Robert, earl of, 52. 

Leigh, A. A., 20, 22. 

Le Keux, J., 1 19. 

Leland, J., 42, 46. 

Leo XIII, pope, 138. 

Leofric, 49. 

Leverington, 1 10. 

Lewis, George, 95-6. 

Leyden, 68. 

Librarian, 27, 51, 56, etc. 

Libraries, Two, 36, 43, 50. 

Library, common, 25, 27, 33, 38, 
39, 42, 43, 44 ; east room, loi ; 
great, 41, 44; greater, 43; in- 
ward, 56; little, 33; new, 32, 
36,40, 50, 93 ; old, 46, 50, 54; 



INDEX. 



151 



private, 50; smaller, 43; uni- 
versity, 48 ; keeper, 27, 40, 51. 

Lightfoot, J., 78. 

Lincoln, 12, 28 ; chest, 3. 

Ling, R. de, chest, 2, 6, 7, 11, 1 1 1. 

Lively, E., 81. 

Liverpool, 113. 

Llanrhaiadr, 81. 

Lodge, John, 117, iiS ter, 1 20 iis. 

Loftt, R. E., 131, 132. 

Loggan, D., 1 19. 

Logic School, 44. 

Lombard, P., 6. 

Longley, archbishop, 131. 

Loring, W., 1 1. 

Lorkin, T., sen., 56, 57. 

Lorkin, T., jun., 63. 

Louis XVIII, 112. 

Love, Dr., 71, 

Luard, H. R., 35 et passim. 

Lucas, H., 85. 

Ludham, J. or W. de, 13. 

Lufnam, chest, 3, 8. 

Lumley, Lord, 55, 58-9. 

Luther, M., 41. 

Lyndwood, W., 22, 

Lynstead, J. de, 8. 

Macaulay, Lord, 1 16. 

Machlinia, W. de, no. 

McGhee, R. J., 122. 

Macray, VV. D., 29, 49, 

Macro, T., 93. 

Madden, Sir F., 137. 

Magnusson, E., 136. 

Mahratta, 1 10. 

Mainwaring, J., 109. 

Malay manuscripts, 137, 144. 

Manchuria, 144. 

Manistre, J., 119. 

Mansfield, Jas., 88. 

Manuscripts, 13-17, 97, 125 bis, 

127, 139. 
Mapletoft, Dr., 87-8. 
Marchanr, Nat., 106. 
Margaret, Lady, 52. 



Marlborough, duke of, 103, 105. 
Marshall, J., 106, 1 15. 
Maskell, W., 124. 
Mather, Cotton, 132. 
Matissal, J., 14, 15, 16; see Mat- 

tishall. 
Matrices, 68. 
Matthew, John, 54, 57. 
Mattishall, 9 ; see Matissal. 
Mayor, J. E. B., 62, 68, 72, 129, 

130-1. 
Mead, Joseph, 68. 
Medals, 78, 90, 107, 
Merrill, Joseph, 109. 
Metcalfe, N., 41. 
Metcalfe, Dr, (1653), 80. 
Mexborough, earl of, 121. 
Michael House, 4, 7, 17. 
Middleton, co. Norfolk, 75. 
Middleton, C, 94, 100, 107. 
Miller, W. H., 121. 
Millington, E., auftioneer, 88. 
Millington, W., V.C, 25. 
Milton, J., 69. 
Moden, J., 76. 
Moens, W. J. C, 65. 
Mohawk Bible, 104. 
Mommsen, Th., 136. 
Monks, 39, 
Montagu, Basil, 108. 
Montague, R., 66. 
Montfancon, 98. 
Moody, R., 52, 53. 
Morden, W., 81. 
Morgan, C, 1 10. 
Morland, Sir S., 83. 
Moore, J., bishop, 92, 100. 
Moore, William, 80, 83, 100. 
Morland, Sir S., 91. 
Morrison, R., 1 15. 
Morton, T., bishop, 75. 
Mullinger, J. B., i, 12. 
Mummy, 99, 1 19. 

Naples, king of, lOI. 
Nasmith, J., 100, 106, no. 



152 



INDEX. 



Naunton, R., 65, 

Neele, Walter (chest), 2, 5, 8, 9. 

Neland, W., 81. 

Nepaul, 134. 

Neubauer, Dr., 142. 

Neville, G., archbishop, 29. 

Newcastle, duke of, 86-7. 

Newcastle, Margaret, duchess of, 
82,85-7. 

Newcome, J., 102. 

Nichols, Dr., 97. i 

Nichols, John, 6, 7. 

Nicholson, Anthony, 73 ; S., 42. 

Nile, viftory of the, 107. 

Nollekens, 1 19. 

Norling, G. C, 126. 

Northampton, H., earl of, 63 

Northwood, 18. 

Norwich, St. Stephen's, 30; Wal- 
loons, 65. 

Nova Scotia, 104. 

Oakham, 65. 

Obit., 28. 

Occleve, T., 64. 

Ogborne, co. Wilts, 19. 

Ogle, A., 22. 

Oldenburgh, H., 86. 

Opening, Hours of, 120. 

Oriental Cabinet, 96 ; Literature, 

curator of, 144. 
Osborne, H., II. 
Osteby, Mr., 40. 
Oxford, earl of, 33. 
Oxford, Lincoln College, 33. 
Oxford, Merton College, 1 1. 
Oxford University, i ; chests, 3. 

Paleario, 122. 

Paley, F. A., 129. 

Pali, 140. 

Palmer, E., 132. 

Paris, F. S., vice-chancellor, 99- 

100. 
Paris, Hugo, 15. 
Paris, J., 15. 



Parker, J., 52. 

Parker, M., archbishop, 48-50, 59. 

Parker, R., 6 ». 

Parliament, 78 ; houses of, 121. 

Parne, T., 98, 100. 

Patrick, S., 128. 

Patterson, Mr., 6 », in. 

Paxton, J., 14. 

Paxton, T., 13, 14, 15, 16. 

Peachey, R., 86, 88. 

Pearson, J. L., 11. 

Peck, F., 50. 

Peirson, T., 74. 

Pembroke Hall, 5, 7, 23 ; College, 

1 10. 
Penny, N., 94. 
Percival, S., 1 19. 
Pereson, J., 42. 
Perkinson, T., 5 I. 
Perne, A., 6, 48-9, 54, 56. 
Perse, S., 51, 64. 
Perse School, 123. 
Persian manuscripts, 96, 113, 

131-2, 141- 
Peterhouse, 3, 4, 11, 12, 17, 23, 

54, 56, 61. 
Piiilips, Mr., 71. 
Philosophy, School of, 26. 
Pickworth, W., 10. 
Pilkington, Gilbert, 71. 
Pilkington, J., bishop, 49. 
Pindar, Jonathan, 80, 82. 
Pits, J., 65. 
Pitt, W., 113, 119. 
Porson, R., 107, III. 
Powell, E., 9. 
Power, Joseph, 124 its. 
Pragi, L, 78. 
Preston, J., 14, 15. 
Preston, T., 126. 
Prickett and Wright, 2, 18. 
Protobibliothecarius, 94, 100, 1 18. 
Prussia, king of, 125. 
Puckering, Sir T., 63. 
Pugh, William, 105. 
Pulham, R., 11. 



INDEX. 



153 



Queens' College, 9, 55. 



Rainbow, Dr., 85. 

Rant, J., 81. 

Reading Room, 123, iz6 bis, 135 

bis. 
Reed, T. B., 73. 
Regents, 27, 55. 
Rhetoric, 46. 
Ritschl Colleftion, 134. 
Ronbery^, see Roubery. 
'Rosamund,' H.M.S., 115. 
Ross, Alex., 80. 
Rotherham, Jesus College, 33. 
Rotherham, T., archbishop, 20, 

32, 33, 3+,.37-8, 42, 65. 
Rotherham Library, loi. 
Roubery, G., chest, 2. 
Rowe, R., 122, 
Rustat, T., 86. 
Ruyslip, 18. 
Rysbrack, J. M., 136. 

St. Botolph chest, 2. 

St. Catharine's Hall, 32. 

St. John chest, 2. 

St. John of Jerusalem, 18. 

St, John's College, 64. 

St. Trinity chest, see Trinity. 

Saintlo, J., 19. 

Salle, J., 24. 

Salt, W., 128. 

Samaritan type, 68. 

Sandars, S., 139, 140. 

Sanskrit, no, 132, 134, 139. 

Saona, Laurentius Gulielmusde,l34. 

Schechter, S., 142 bis, 143. 

Schiller-Szinessy, S. M., 134. 

Schools, The, 26, 27, 36. 

Scott, C. B., 125. 

Scott, Sir Gilbert, 130. 

Scrivener, M., 89. 

Scrivener, F. H., 130. 

Seall, Dr., 1 15. 

Sedgwick, Adam, 105. 

Selden, J., 78. 

M 



Senate House, Old, 23 ; New, 94, 

97- 

Serampore, 109. 

Serbian Gospels, 143. 

Sharp, Richard, 41. 

Shelburne, Lord, 104. 

Sheldon, G., archbishop, 85. 

Sheringham, R., 78. 

Shield, W., 125. 

Shilleto, R., 134. 

Shirton, Dr., 40. 

Siam, king of, 140. 

Siclemore, J., 71. 

Siddons, Mrs., 1 14. 

Signacula, 36. 

Simonides, 129. 

Singhalese manuscripts, see Cinga- 
lese. 

Skot, J., 15. 

Slavonic manuscript, 143. 

Smedley, Mr., 1 13. 

Smith, J., 16. 

Smith, J. J., 124. 

Smith, T., 83, 84, 126. 

Smith, W. Robertson, 72, 1 3 7-8, 
1 40- 1. 

Soane, 1 19. 

Some, H., 81. 

Somerset, J., 18. 

Somersham, W,, 9. 

Southampton, earl of, 64. 

Spelman, Sir H., 74, 75, jS. 

Spencer, J., 89. 

Sphere, 82. 

Spiering, N., 41. 

Spilman, J., 39. 

Stationers' Company, 87. 

Statue of Ceres, 108. 

Statues, 136. 

Stearne, John, 83. 

Stillingffeet, E., bishop, 10. 

Stokes, H. P., 8, 40. 

Stokys, M., 48, 51, 53. 

Stoyle, T., 25. 

Stratford de RedclifFe, viscount, 
109. 



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