(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The annals of Ireland"

Gc 

941.50001 
C62a 
15S6770 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




3 1833 00726 6189 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/annalsofirelandOObutl 



IRISH ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 

FOUNDED MDCCCXL. ' 



patron : 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE ALBERT. 

His Grace the Duke of Leinster. 

lTta»$rcsfocnts : 
The Most Noble the Marquis of Kildare, M. P.. M. R. LA. 
The Right Hoy. the Earl of Leitrim, M. R. I. A. 
The Right Hon. the Viscount Adare, M. P., M. R. I. A. 

Council : 

Elected 2 \ st December, 1848. 

Rev. Samuel Butcher, D. D., M. R. I. A. 
. Rev. Charles Graves, A. M., M. R. I. A. 
James Hardiman, Esq., M. R. 1. A. 
William Elliot Hudson, Esq., A. M., M. R. I. A. 
Major T. A. Larcom, R. E., V. P. R. I. A. 
Charles Mac Donnell, Esq., M. R. I. A. 
George Petrie, Esq., LL. D., R. H. A., V. P. R. I. A. 
Rev. William Reeves, B. D., M. R. I. A. 
Very Rev. L. Renehan, D. D., President of St. Patrick's 

College, Maynooth. 
Aquilla Smith, Esq, M. D., M. R. I. A., Treasurer. 
J. Huband Smith, Esq., A. M, M. R. I. A. 
Rev. J. H. Todd, D. D, M. R. I. A., Secretary. 






the 



A N N A L S OF I R E L A N D. 



F II I A 11 J EX C L Y N . 

OF THE COSVEST OF ra'.AR5 xnsr.KA, KTLi.eN> _ T ; 

T n A I) Y D W L I N G , 

TOGETHER WITH THE ANNALS OF ROSS. 



EDITED, 
FROM MSS. V.i THE LIEP.aHY OF TRINITY COLLEGE. DX'Sr.IX, WITH INTRODVCTORV REMARK?, 

BY 

THE VERY REV. RICHARD BUTLER, A.B., M.R.I. A., 

azxn or clcnxaoola. 







DUBLIN: 
PRINTED FOR THE IRISH ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 

MDCCCXLIX. 



15S6770 



r ANNAT,IUM HIBERNLE CHRONICON, 

AD AHSDM MCCCXLIX. 



FRATER JOHANNES CLIN, 

ORDIUIS KtXOECM EX CONTTNTU KILKESNIFJfSV" 
ACCKDtTXT 

ANNALES MONASTERII DE ROSSA-PONTIS. 



nxmc peimtm 
EX CODD. MSS. IN BIBLIOTHECA COLLEGII SS. TRINITATIS JUXTA DUBLIN TVPIS EDD. 



INTRODUCTION. 




(I^fii A Mojp Bench in Ireland (afterwards Lord High Treasurer 
ffllfSPlL. \70l*Mffli an( i Earle of Marleburgh), to have published some 
H^S^jf^tf^saS^i] of our country writers in this kinde, for which end 
^4^&^~D*diiz-£> hee caused to be transcribed and made fit for the 
Presse the Annales of John Clynne, a Friar Minor of Kilkenny (who 
lived in the time of King Edward the Third), the Annales of the 
Priory of St. John the Evangelist of Kilkenny, and the Annales of 
Multifernan, Rosse, and Clonmell, &c. But his weighty occasions did 
afterwards divert his purpose. The copies are yet preserved, and I 
hope ere long with other Annales and Fragments of the same nature 
will be divulged." 

So wrote Sir James Ware, in his Preface to Campion's and Han- 
mer's Histories, printed in Dublin in the year 1 6^. More than 200 
years have since passed, and by the publication of the Annals of Mul- 
tifernan, and by the present publication, the Irish Archaeological So- 
ciety 
* Reprinted in Dublin, 1809. 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. a 



11 



ciety is only now partly realizing the purpose of Ley, and the hopes 
of Ware, Camden, and Ussher. 

It is not for those who are endeavouring to put an end to it, to 
attempt to justify the delay that has occurred in the publication of 
these chronicles; it may, perhaps, partly be accounted for by the dry 
and unsatisfactory nature of their contents. 

Clyn lived ninety years after Matthew Paris, and was not many 
years older than Froissart ; but instead of the caustic remarks and 
striking details of the monk of St. Alban's, — instead of Froissart's 
pictured pages, which make us familiar with the sentiments and 
motives, and even with the outward bearing, of the men of his day, — 
we have here, for the most part, only mere entries of names and of 
facts, the ashes of history in which there is no living fire. The fact 
is so, and must be acknowledged, nor shall we be surprised that it 
is so, if we consider the circumstances in which Clyn and the other 
An^lo-Irish monkish chroniclers wrote, and the objects which they 
had in view. 

The very materials for writing at that time were not abundant 
in this country. Clyn mentions that he had left parchment for the 
continuation of his Annals (see page 37), a pious precaution which 
does not seem to have produced any effect ; and being confined by 
precedent and by an affectation of scholarship to the use of Latin, 
the monkish chroniclers were trammelled and hampered by a foreign 
lanfnia<*e, with which they were not familiar, and in which they 
neither spoke nor thought, and in which, like men in a stiff and un- 
usual dress, they moved with slow and awkward formality. 

Nor were the authorities, from which they derived their informa- 
tion, calculated to give them confidence and freedom. Their chief 
written authorities were evidently the Obits of their own, or of some 
other religious house of the same Order, combined with some brief 
Registry of public events and of wonderful occurrences, which seems 

to 



u 



ciety is only now partly realizing the purpose of Ley, and the hopes 
of Ware, Camden, and Ussher. 

It is not for those who are endeavouring to put an end to it, to 
attempt to justify the delay that has occurred in the publication of 
these chronicles; it may, perhaps, partly be accounted for by the dry 
and unsatisfactory nature of their contents. 

Clyn lived ninety years after Matthew Paris, and was not many 
years older than Froissart ; but instead of the caustic remarks and 
striking details of the monk of St. Alban's, — instead of Froissart's 
pictured pages, which make us familiar with the sentiments and 
motives, and even with the outward bearing, of the men of his day, — 
we have here, for the most part, only mere entries of names and of 
facts, the ashes of history in which there is no living fire. The fact 
is so, and must be acknowledged, nor shall we be surprised that it 
is so, if we consider the circumstances in which Clyn and the other 
Ancdo-Irish monkish chroniclers wrote, and the objects which they 
had in view. 

The very materials for writing at that time were not abundant 
in this country. Clyn mentions that he had left parchment for the 
continuation of his Annals (see page 37), a pious precaution which 
does not seem to have produced any effect ; and being confined by 
precedent and by an affectation of scholarship to the use of Latin, 
the monkish chroniclers were trammelled and hampered by a foreign 
lanonaffe, with which they were not familiar, and in which thev 
neither spoke nor thought, and in which, like men in a stiff and un- 
usual dress, they moved with slow and awkward formality. 

Nor were the authorities, from which they derived their informa- 
tion, calculated to give them confidence and freedom. Their chief 
written authorities were evidently the Obits of their own, or of some 
other religious house of the same Order, combined with some brief 
Registry of public events and of wonderful occurrences, which seems 

to 



Ill 

to have formed the common historical stock of all our Anglo-Irish 
monkish chroniclers, and which was probably communicated to the 
members of the different houses at the provincial or general Chapters 
of the several Orders. 

To synchronize this general history with the Obits and special 
entries of their own records was the great object of the monkish 
writers, a task not without difficulty, and in which it is probable that 
many mistakes were made, as in the older Mortiloges the entries were 
made under the day of the month, without any notice of the year. 

But we must not suppose that those annals were to the monks the 
dry and bare catalogues which they are to us, or that the inhabitants 
of the monastery were satisfied with that modicum of knowledge which 
we have inherited from them. Every name entered in their registry 
at its entry had its own peculiar history, and that history was preserved 
in the traditions of the chapter-room and of the cloister. From the 
founder of the house and the giver of broad lands, to the bequeather 
of a cope, and the increaser of their gaudy-day pittance, all their be- 
nefactors had their places in the grateful memory of the brotherhood ; 
and the novice and the lay brother were often told why this Baron 
bestowed the rich farm, and why it was leased to such a Knight ; why 
this Lady founded an altar and a chaplaincy, and why such a Burgess 
was commemorated with a double Lection. Every name in the re- 
gistry was made the text of some grave homily, or recalled some story, 
kept alive, not only by being repeated on every recurring anniversary 
amongst the habitual sitters round the refectory fire, and amongst the 
pacers in the cloisters, but by being told to the knights and squires 
who used the monastery as an inn, and to the pilgrims and visitors 
from other religious houses who there claimed charitable hospitality. 

Nor was it only gratitude, and the wish to maintain the credit of 
their house before their visitors, that induced the monks to fill up in 
conversation the bare outline of their registers with traditional his- 

a 2 tories; 



IV 

tories ; many of them had the strong interest of relationship, or of fa- 
mily dependence, connected with the names recorded ; and it was 
pleasant to tell how their fathers had fought in the battle in which 
their benefactor was killed, whose tomb was in the choir and whose 
death was in the Mortiloge. With respect, then, to occurrences in 
its own neighbourhood, or referring to its special benefactors, the 
date and the succession were almost all that was wanted by the in- 
mates of a religious house, and these were supplied by the dryest of 
their chronicles. The cloister tradition supplied the rest, giving to 
the merest outline fulness of detail and warmth of colouring. 

With regard to the events affecting other religious houses of the 
same Order, the same knowledge was communicated by the mutual 
visits of their respective members, and especially by the provincial 
and general chapters. If we look upon a map of any Christian country 
in the middle ages, we see how the houses of the different Orders were 
scattered through it, so that lines drawn from one to another would 
make a close net-work over its whole surface ; and it is difficult to 
limit the amount of general knowledge which must have been in the 
possession of the inquisitive members of these societies, and of which 
we have nothing left but these meagre and lifeless chronicles. For 
the view of the writers there were fields, and flowers, and trees, " ho- 
minumque boumque labores ;" but the deep flood of oblivion covers 
them, and we see nothing but the land-marks and the boundary 
stones. 

The authors of most of the other Anglo-Irish monastic annals are 
unknown, and we can feel no sympathy with the impersonal and 
unnamed writer who expresses no personal feeling in anything he 
mentions, and who records, as it were mechanically, all events, whe- 
ther of joy or soitow, with equal brevity and with equal coldness. 

Of the annals here printed we know at least the name and sta- 
tion of the writer, and the time of their composition. 

John 



John Clyn was a Franciscan friar, in the convent of that Order 
in Kilkenny. He seems to have been highly esteemed in the bro- 
therhood, for in 1336, when James, Earl of Ormonde, in his old 
earldom of Carrick, founded a " locus" 6 for Franciscans, John Clyn 
was the first Warden or Guardian ; William Xaase being Custos; and 
Friar Stephen Barry, Minister Provincial. The zeal and austerity 
of the earlier Franciscans and Dominicans had attracted into their 
Orders men of the loftiest minds and most generous tempers; and 
in the fourteenth centurv, when the fervour of religious enthusiasm 
was in some degree diminished, there were still to be found in these 
Orders the most profound theologians and the most subtle speculative 
philosophers. Among these the Irish Franciscans maintained a proud 
and honourable position. If the haughty attempt of Primate Albert 
of Cologne to subject causes, properly belonging to the King's courts, 
to Papal authority, provoked Henry III. to forbid the future election* 1 
of any Franciscan to an Irish see, the prohibition was soon with- 
drawn, and the royal displeasure was probably amply compensated 
by that popular favour, which encouraged the Franciscans to en- 
croach upon the rights of the Irish parochial clergy. The earliest 
account of a British pilgrimage into the east 6 was written by Simon 
Fitzsimon, and Hugh, the Illuminator, of the Franciscan Friary of 
Dublin, who commenced their pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1322. 
And when the University of Dublin was opened, — Universitas, as 
Clyn f , disparagingly says, " quoad nomen, set utinam quoad factum 
et rem," — three of the first four inceptors in theology were friars. 

Of 

* The name appropriate to a Franciscan Frat. Minor, in Ilib. eligatur de ca?tero 

or Benedictine monastery. Not given in ad dignitat. archiep. sive episcopi. T. L. 
Da Cange. See pp. 38, 39, infra. e Published by Nasmith, Cambridge, 

c Harris's Ware's Bishops, p. 66. 1778. 

4 28 Hem III. Quod nullus de Ord. f Ad an. 1320. 



VI 

Of the individual character of Clyn we know only what we can gather 
from his own writings. The few gleams of natural feeling, which 
occasionally brighten his formal entries, betoken a good and ge- 
nerous mind, and make us lament that he did not let himself out 
more freely and give utterance more frequently to his own thoughts 
and sentiments. Some of his observations, brief and rare as they are, 
are not without pith and point, and few passages, of the same date, are 
more striking and pathetic in their calm and earnest simplicity, than 
the close of his work. After thus describing the plague of 1348: 
" That pestilence deprived of human inhabitant villages and cities, and 
castles and towns, so that there was scarcely found a man to dwell 
therein ; the pestilence was so contagious that whosoever touched the 
sick or the dead was immediately infected and died ; and the penitent 
and the confessor were carried together to the grave ; through fear 
and dread men scarcely dared to perform the offices of piety and pity 
in visiting the sick and in burying the dead ; many died of boils and 
abscesses, and pustules on their shins or under their armpits ; others 
died frantic with the pain in their head, and others spitting blood; 
that year was beyond measure wonderful, unusual, and in many 
things prodigious, yet" (is not the observation natural and pathetic?) 
" it was sufficiently abundant and fruitful, however sickly and deadly;" 
— then, having made entries of a fratricide committed in the midst 
of the pestilence, by Connell O'More, on the morrow of the Purifica- 
tion, and of the vengeance taken for it eight days afterwards, he 
thus returns: " The pestilence was rife in Kilkenny in Lent, for, from 
Christmas Day to the 6th day of March eight friars preachers died 
of it. Scarcely one alone ever died in a house. Commonly husband, 
wife, children, and servants, went the one way, the way of death. 
And I, Friar John Clyn, of the Order of Friars Minor, and of the 
convent of Kilkenny, wrote in this book those notable things, which 
happened in my time, which I saw with my eyes, or which I learned 

from 



Vll 

from persons worthy of credit ; and lest things worthy of remeru- 
brance should perish with time, and fall away from the memory of 
those who are to come after us, I, seeing these many evils, and the 
whole world lying, as it were, in the wicked one, among the dead, 
waiting for death till it come, as I have truly heard and examined, 
so have I reduced these things to writing ; and lest the writing 
should perish with the writer, and the work fail together with the 
workman, I leave parchment for continuing the work, if haply any 
man survive, and any of the race of Adam escape this pestilence and 
continue the work which I have commenced." Then follows one pa- 
ragraph for 1349, containing the death and eulogy of Sir Fulco de la 
Frene, and then the copyist's brief entry: " Here it seems the author 
died." 

Like most of the Anglo-Irish chroniclers, Clyn passes over in ig- 
norance, or in contempt, the legends, whether poetical, mythical, or 
enigmatical, with which the Irish seanachies filled up the vestibule of 
Irish history, thronging its gates with forms of strange aspect, elusive 
of the grasp. Yet even these legends, as we find them in Dowling 
and in the native annalists, are worthy of record. Although not true 
in themselves, it is true that they were once believed ; and although 
they may not constitute the history of the times to which they are 
assigned, they form at least important elements of the character of 
the times in which they were received. But it is not likely that le- 
gends, so widely propagated and so fondly cherished, had no founda- 
tion in fact, that they were altogether either poetical fictions, or moral 
and political parables and myths. It is more reasonable to conjecture 
that they were the forms of historical narrative used by one people, 
which, falling into the hands of another people of different language, 
and of other habits of thought and turns of expression, were under- 
stood by them in a sense which they were not intended to bear, and 
in which they were not used by their authors. We would look upon 

these 



Vlll 

these strange and portentous narratives as the hieroglyphic records of 
forgotten but substantial history. 

We know that the Northmen had a peculiar genius for high- 
wrought and lofty imagery, enigmatical rather than fantastical ; not 
only were their ships " the wooden horses of the ocean," and their 
swords " serpents ;" the very geography of their countries, either 
from their own taste, or from the taste of their visitors, was allusive 
and metaphorical. The Baltic Sound, which, in the days of Tacitus g , 
was called "the Pillars of Hercules," was styled " the Hellespont" by 
Saxo-Grammaticus. And the Africa of Nennius and GeofFry of Mon- 
mouth seems to have been the southern coast of the Baltic, the land 
of the sea robbers, with whom, as Dubhgalls or black strangers, we 
are familiar in Irish history, but who startle and perplex us when 
we meet them under the name of Africans. It may be conjectured 
that the wild and seemingly absurd stories of Partholanus, Nemedus, 
and Milesius, are mistranslated and misunderstood narratives of some 
northern invasions, or rather of some one northern invasion, for all 
these stories have so many circumstances in common that we cannot 
but suspect them to be different versions of the same history. At 
what period these invasions, or this invasion, occurred, it would be 
difficult to ascertain ; it woidd seem, however, not to have been long 
prior to the times of St. Patrick, who is said to have learned from 
their contemporary, Ruanus, the history of those events. As to mis- 
takes in Irish chronology, it must be remembered that, from the want 
of any fixed and commonly acknowledged era, the dates of the oc- 
currences in early Irish history must have been a matter of calcula- 
tion. Even in the tenth century there is a difference of more than 

sixty 

5 Ipsum quinetiam Oceanum ilia tenta- seu, quidquid ubique magnificum est, in 
vimus. Et superesse adhuc Herculis Co- claritatem ejus referre consuevimus. — 
lumnas fama vulgavit, sive adiit Hercules, G'-rmania, c. 34. 



IX 



sixty years between the dates of the Annals of Boyle and of the An- 
nals of the Four Masters ; and, as low as the twelfth century, public 
documents were at least occasionally dated, not from any fixed era, 
but from such an arbitrary and mutable epoch as "the year when the 
kine and swine of Ireland perished by a pestilence." 

The facts mentioned in the earlier parts of Clyn's Annals are, 
for the most part, common to all the Anglo-Irish annalists, and are to 
be found, with little variety of expression, in Pembridge and Grace, 
and the Annals of Multifernan h . It would appear, however, from the 
following pages, that Clyn's Calendar differed from that of the Eng- 
lish and Roman Churches, which was received in Ireland; at least if 
the transcript from which we print is correct, which is very doubtful, 
it mil follow that the Franciscans of Kilkenny held their festivals of 
St. Stephen's Day, and of the Conversion of St. Paul, as well as other 
festivals, on days peculiar to themselves. 

In the early part of the fourteenth century the following annals 
increase in interest. Clyn, as we have observed, was appointed the 
first Warden of the Franciscan Friary of Carrick in 1336. For such 
an office, implying authority and discretion, it is not likely that a man 
under 30 should have been selected from the convent of Kilkenny ; 
and we may, therefore, conclude that Clyn was not born after 1306, 
and that he may have been several years older. We are then not 
surprised that his annals begin to expand, and to contain something 
more than brief and general entries, about the year 1315. 

In the present times, when we gather almost all our knowledge 
from books, the period of whose history men are generally the most 
ignorant runs backward from their own youth to the commencement 
of the former generation. The history of the father's age has seldom 
been compiled by public writers in the days of the son, and is often 

not 

h So commonly called ; although they the Annals of Drogheda. Vide Eegistr. 
are perhaps more properly to be termed Omnium Sanctorum, p. 134. 
IKISH ARCH. SOC. b 



not told by the father, upon whom, as it fell drop by drop, it left an 
imperfect sense of its relations and proportions ; and the son, eacrer 
for something new or curious touching venerable antiquity, too often 
looks without interest or inquiry upon the days of his father, as 
upon times whose fashions are gone by, and whose notions he has 
outgrown. Even should the succeeding generation inquire into the 
history of that which immediately preceded it, the multitude of petty 
and vulgar details perplex the mind and disgust the imagination ; and 
we wander about, as in a thick wood from which we have no clue to 
guide us, unable to recognise any of our well-known landmarks. But 
in the fourteenth century, when reading and writing were rare ac- 
complishments, and when there were no standard libraries, the case 
was very different. Knowledge was then to be acquired, not from 
books, but from men. And what could men teach but what they 
had seen, in the words of Clyn, occulatajide, or what they had heard 
fide digno relatu ? And, however highly we may value the following 
annals, from the year 13 15, when Clyn was probably a grown man, 
able to make his own observations on passing events, we cannot but 
lament that he did not burn the previous entries, and write down 
the remembrances and the traditions of the seniors of his convent. 

From the Scottish invasion in 13 1 5, to the plague in 1349, may be 
considered as the period of Clyn's Annals. It was a dark and stormy 
period in the history of this country. It is strange that the reigns 
of the worst and weakest of the kings that ever sat upon the throne 
of England, should have been the times of the greatest prosperity of 
the English in Ireland. In the times of King John and Henry III. 
the English authority seemed about to consolidate itself throughout 
the kingdom. The whole country was then divided into shires, in 
which the king's justices held their pleas ; the bishoprics, even in 
Connaught and Munster, were not filled without the king's license. 
O'Conor and O'Neill paid their tributes of cows and marks, and 

obeyed 



XI 



obeyed the king's summons; and, although frequently goaded into re- 
sistance by the oppressions of the Earls of Ulster and of the lords of 
Connaught, these Irish dynasts seem to have been willing to con- 
sider themselves as English lords, and to have placed confidence in 
appeals to the justice of the English king ; and, as the plainest evi- 
dence of the tranquillity and prosperity of the country, the London 
treasury was enriched by the transmission to London of money from 
Ireland. Such was the state of Ireland during great part of the thir- 
teenth century, as we learn from the Tower Records, from Rymer's 
Fcedera, and from the Rolls of the Irish Chancery, which are the au- 
thentic records of Anglo-Irish history. Doubtless the same facts may 
be learned with still greater distinctness from the Pipe Rolls, should 
they ever be published. 

There were, indeed, in these reigns, feuds, bloodyand interminable, 
between different lords in Ireland, both of Irish and of English blood. 
The predatory habits of the country were continued ; and, except for 
the barbarized names of the Norman barons, the reader of the Irish 
chronicles would scarcely be able to distinguish the events of a year 
in the thirteenth century from those of most of the years in the 
eleventh ; but at that period the great distinction between the Eng- 
lish settlers and the native Irish was not strongly marked, although 
it had already manifested itself in religious houses of Irish founda- 
tion. The feuds were feuds between neighbours and not between na- 
tions. In almost all the frays, which have been dignified by the title 
of battles, English and Irish fought on both sides ; and the descen- 
dants of O'Melaghlin, O'Neill, O'Conor, O'Brien, and Mac Murrogh, 
boasted that they belonged to the five bloods who were entitled to 
the coveted distinction of pleading the English law. If the daring 
and resolute Prince Edward spent any time in his lordship of Ireland, 
he probably thought that the authority of the sovereign and the 
dominion of the law were fully as much respected by the Irish chiefs 

b 2 and 



Xll 



and barons, as they were in England by the turbulent partisans of 
De Montfort, then plotting the overthrow of the monarchy and the 
imprisonment of the king. 

Perhaps it was this confidence in the strength of the English in 
Ireland, joined, it may be, to a willingness to lower the pride and 
power of the Anglo-Irish nobles, that induced Edward I. to neglect 
this country, and to waste the best blood of its lords in the wars in 
Gascony and Scotland. To whatever cause it may be ascribed, it is 
certain that, in the reign of that great and powerful prince, the power 
of the English government in this country lessened; the English lords 
became at once weaker and more insubordinate; while they adopted 
the customs, claimed the privileges, and exercised the tyranny of the 
native lords, to the extirpation of the sturdy English freeholders, 
they at the same time frustrated the wise and benevolent wishes of 
the king. He wished that the distinctions which were now felt be- 
tween the English and the Irish, should be removed, and that all his 
Irish subjects? of whatever birth or descent, should enjoy the protec- 
tion of the English law and submit to its authority. 

It is natural that, at the first introduction of a foreign power into 
any country, the natives should jealously insist upon the preservation 
of their peculiar laws and customs; and such a condition seems to 
have been made by the Irish in the time of Henry II. But in process 
of time it is also natural that the weaker people should desire admission 
into the courts of justice of the stronger, and should petition to be 
altogether incorporated with them. This is the best homage to su- 
perior power and superior civilization. Woe to the stronger if they 
refuse such homage ! Hereafter there will be two nations in one 
country ; they will be for centuries in daily struggle, as it were for life 
or death ; and their bitterest enemies will be at their doors. 

It is true that the Irish law, to which alone the Irish were subject, 
gave some advantages to the Irish culprit. For a crime for which an 



Englishman 



Xlll 



Englishman would be hanged, an Irishman, according to the more le- 
nient enactments of theBrehon law, might compound for a sum varying 
from £1 to £100 at the will of the judge. It is to be feared that the 
opposition of the Anglo-Irish lords to the extension of the English law 
proceeded from very base motives. They were at once jealous of the 
distinction of the English law, and anxious to escape from it. They 
claimed that the offences committed by an Englishman against an 
Irishman, should be tried by the Irish law, and they were unwilling 
that the offences of an Irishman against an Englishman should not 
subject the offender to all the penalties of the law of England. The 
erics, or compositions, payable by Irish criminals, enlarged the re- 
venues of the courts of their palatinates and lordships ; and, if the 
lands of the Irish chiefs were to be held by royal charters, the title 
of the native lords to their territories would then be secured by legal 
documents, acknowledged in the king's courts, and all chance of 
gaining possession of them, except by strictly legal means, would be 
terminated. The question of the advantage of establishing one uniform 
system of law throughout the country, especially when it was desired 
by the native party, appears now to be of very simple solution, yet it 
probably had its difficulties in former days. The opposition of the 
Anglo-Irish lords may have been justified by reasons which we do 
not see, and which we could not rightly appreciate. It is not fair to 
apply the notions of one century as a rule for measuring the conduct 
of men in another ; and perhaps the statesman who is most aware of 
the conflicting interests and discordant wishes of two races occupying 
the same country, — of settlers and of natives, — will be the most dis- 
posed to excuse the conduct of the Anglo-Irish lords, and to pity the 
I>crplexities of the legislators or rulers of the fourteenth centurv. 

In the hope of profiting by these internal dissensions, and being, 
perhaps, invited over by some of the Irish princes of Ulster, Edward 
Hruce, accompanied by Randolph, Steward, Menteith, Campbell, and 

many 



XIV 



many other of the knights of Bannockburn, with an army of 6000 men, 
landed in Larne Lough on St. Augustine's day, in 1315. 

It was a luckless day for Bruce and for Ireland. Although 
successful in various engagements, and crowned King of Ireland at 
Dundalk, Bruce never had any firm power in this country. Of the 
English barons scarcely any were accused of favouring him, except 
the Lacies and their followers : and of their disloyalty, although their 
estates were forfeited and their persons proscribed, there seems to be 
some doubt. He was boldly opposed by the Earl of Ulster, Mande- 
ville, Logan, the Savages, — " all hale the flur of Ullyster," — and by 
Bisset, the descendant of a Scotsman, but not unmindful of the wrongs 
of his ancestors. Nor was he effectively assisted by the native princes. 
The usual fate awaited him, of those who, for their own asrjn-andize- 
ment, interfere in the civil dissensions of a foreign country. The ob- 
jects of the parties are different, and each hopes to use the other only 
so far as may promote their own purposes. The Irish princes did not 
fight to change their masters, but to secure their independence, and 
they were no more willing to submit to a Scoto-Norman than to an 
Anglo-Norman baronage. Meanwhile their general rebellion against 
the English, for their own special objects, and the disunion of the 
English lords, any one of whom, we are told, would have been able, 
with his own followers alone, to have driven back Edward Bruce, 
allowed the Scots, now commanded by Robert Bruce, to ravage Ire- 
land from Carrickfergus to Limerick. Although unable to take any 
walled town, and suffering the extremity of hunger from the general 
famine of the dreadful year 1316, in the words of Clyn, " They went 
through all the country, burning, slaying, depredating, spoiling towns 
and castles, and even churches, as they went and as they returned." 
The horror at their cruelty, their impiety, and the misery that went 
with them, dwelt long in the minds of all the inhabitants of Ireland; 
and when the barons of Meath and Louth gave Edward Bruce battle, 

defeated, 



XV 

defeated, and killed him at Dundalk, the Irish Annals of Clonmacnois 
declare that he was slain, " to the great joy and comfort of the whole 
kingdom in generall, for there was not a better deed that redounded 
more to the good of the kingdom, since the creation of the world, and 
since the banishment of the Fine Fomores out of this land, done in 
Ireland, than the killing of Edward Bruce; for there reigned scarcity 
of victuals, breach of promises, ill performance of covenants, and the 
loss of men and women, throughout the whole kingdom, for the space 
of three years and a half that he bore sway; insomuch that men did 
commonly eat one another, for want of sustenance, during his time." 

Many generations passed before the devastating effects of the 
Scottish invasion, passing thus like a stream of lava through the 
country, were done away. The animosity between the English and 
the Irish was embittered, the sense of the greatness of the English 
power was diminished, the authority of law and order was impaired, 
the castle and the farm-house were alike ruined. The castle was more 
easily rebuilt than the more important farm-house. The noble may 
have had other resources ; in later times we know that his castle was" 
repaired at the expense of the district; he was bound by stronger ties 
to the country; and when his castle was rebuilt, it was at least com- 
paratively secure: but when the homestead was wrecked and burned, 
and the haggard robbed of its stacks, and the bawn left without horse 
or cow, and " all his gear were gone," the farmer, as he looked about 
him in despair, might well be excused if he fled away to some safer 
country; or if, listening to hunger, that evil counsellor, he became an 
idilman or a kerne, ready to plunder as he had been plundered, and 
eating up the produce of other men's labours. 

If he endeavoured to remain, what was before him, but, poor and 
dispirited, deprived of his accustomed comforts, and of his compara- 
tive respectability, to sink hopelessly into a lower stage of society, 
and to yield to its customs ; or rather to turn in sullen or in passion- 
ate 



XVI 



ate anger from the civilization in which he no longer had a share, 
and to resent, as an injury, the existence of comforts which were his 
once, but were to be his no more, and to hate and to scorn their 
possessors? . 

Such, doubtless, was the history of the degradation of many Eng- 
lish freeholders consequent upon the Scottish invasion ; nor could the 
degradation be limited to the retainer alone. In a country in which 
there is no foreign interference, no rank of society can stand apart from 
others, and in proportion to its height it needs the more numerous 
supporters. The castle walls can no more keep out the influence of 
the social maxims and principles of the lower ranks of the people, than 
they can keep out the contagion of their diseases, and the lord neces- 
sarily partook o^ the degradation of the vassal. 

To the Scottish invasion, then, may, at least partly, be ascribed the 
barbarism and the consequent weakness of the English in Ireland 
during the greater part of the fourteenth and the whole of the fifteenth 
century. In the thirty years that elapsed between that event and the 
close of Clyn's Annals, that barbarism had made great progress. The 
power of the central government grew weaker; the lords, whether of 
Irish or of English blood, became more independent and irresponsible, 
and, consequently, more arbitrary and tyrannical ; and private feuds, 
resulting in open violence, became of more frequent occurrence. The 
control of law nearly ceased, and little remained, as a rule of conduct, 
except the will of the stronger. It then became a question whether 
this anarchy should continue, or whether it should result in the pre- 
valence of either the English or the Irish system, or, as seemed more 
probable and more reasonable, whether some third system should not 
be developed, formed from the amalgamation of these two, and the 
natural growth of the circumstances of this country. 

\yhen the Normans came into Ireland they brought with them the 
feudal law system, and that law system, with all its complexities, they 

endeavoured 



XV11 



endeavoured to establish wherever they had dominion. It was the 
system of a victorious army cantoned amongst a conquered nation. 
In this country the feudal Normans met with the remains of the pa- 
triarchal system ; of our society the type was, not an army, but a fa- 
mily. Such a system, doubtless, was subject to many inconveniences. 
The breaking up of all general authority, and the multiplication of 
petty independent principalities, was an abuse incident to the feudal 
system ; it was inherent in the very essence of the patriarchal or family 
system. That system began, as the feudal system ended, with small, 
independent societies, each with its own separate centre of attraction, 
each clustering round the lord or the chief, and each rather repelling 
than attracting all similar societies. Yet the patriarchal system was 
not without its advantages. If the feudal system gave more strength 
to attack a foreign enemy, the patriarchal system secured more hap- 
piness at home. The one system implied inequality amongst the few, 
and slavery amongst the many; the other system gave a feeling of equa- 
lity to all. It is needless to inquire which of these two systems was the 
better fitted to develope the powers and the virtues of mankind, and 
whether either of them could exist in a state of general refinement 
and civilization, which, perhaps necessarily, developes a system neither 
feudal nor patriarchal, but commercial, industrial, and pecuniary. 

But, surely, it was not strange that a people brought up as mem- 
bers of septs, each recognised by the chief as of his blood, bearing 
his name, entitled by the law of gavelkind to a share of the public 
property, should be blind to the evils that belonged to such a system, 
and should have looked with wonder and contempt on the well regu- 
lated gradations of feudal authority, and with horror on feudal vas- 
salage and serfdom. Such were the natural feelings of the native Irish, 
and when the course of the king's writs, and the power of the English 
courts, were limited by the weakness of the central government, they 
joyfully fell back upon their native customs, as expounded by the 
irish arch. soc. c Brehons 



XV111 



Brehons upon the hills ; and they made welcome, as the sons of Heber, 
Heremon, Ir, and Ith, those English lords, who, like the Desmonds, 
adopted the manners of the country, and were rebuked amongst their 
own countrymen, for being more Irish than the Irish. From the very 
nature of the patriarchal system the exactions of the native chiefs 
were not excessive. In the hands of the English lords these exactions 
became intolerable to their English dependents. Unlike the Irish chiefs, 
the English lords had no rule by which their demands were regula- 
ted; they were ignorant of the restrictions of the Brehon law; and the 
customary cain or purveyance of the Irish chiefs, and the regulated 
and ascertained amount of their refections, became in English hands 
the unlimited, " outrageous," coyne and livery, the ruin of the English 
yeomanry, and the object of the well-earned maledictions and denun- 
ciations of English judges, kings, and parliaments. Yet we find no 
complaint made by the native Irish against the levy of these dues by 
the Earls of Desmond. Those potent Earls, descendants of the first 
conquerors, had adopted the Irish customs, and were in fact, at the 
same time, Irish chiefs and English lords. By their Irish followers 
they were beloved with the most romantic and prodigal affection, and 
respected with almost superstitious veneration ; and, so popular was 
the first Earl amongst the English people of Leinster, that their special 
object of detestation was Sir Robert Ufford, the vigorous English Jus- 
tice, who drove the Earl into banishment, confiscated his lands, took 
his castles, and at Castle Island, in Kerry, hanged his seneschal, Sir 
John Cottrel, and his knights, Sir Eustace Power and Sir "William 
Grant. 

It was time that some vigorous exertion should be made for the 
support of the English government. The haughty Anglo-Irish nobles 
ill brooked the authority of the English officials, some of whom were 
men of low rank and of no great personal reputation ; and, indignant 
at the distinction made by the Parliament in Dublin, between the Eng- 
lish 



XIX 



lish by birth and the English by descent, and especially outraged bv 
the King's order for the removal from office of all persons born in 
Ireland, they had held a Parliament at Kilkenny, not summoned bv 
the King, under the presidency of the great Desmond. At that Par- 
liament, professing their loyalty to the King, of which they had given 
proofs in following him, at their own charge, in his wars in Wales, 
Gascony, and Scotland, they claimed the rights and immunities se- 
cured to them by the great Charter, and manifested a determination 
to resist all attacks upon their privileges or their properties. This 
jealous and angry feeling between the English by birth and the Anglo- 
Irish produced an approximation of the Anglo-Irish towards the 
native Irish ; and had not the obnoxious disqualification of the Anglo- 
Irish been withdrawn, and had not Desmond been beaten down bv 
the strong arm of Ufford, there seems to have been a probability that 
the two races would at this time have been incorporated into one 
people, and that the English and the Irish systems would have been 
fused and melted into each other. But the circumstances of Ireland 
did not permit the growth and development of any internal system, 
with its peculiar compensations, producing in time its own corrections. 
The process of mutual assimilation was continually checked ; Irish 
civilization, such as it was, was destroyed, and the English statesmen 
of the fourteenth century vainly busied themselves in striving to erect 
upon its ruins the incongruous system into which Norman feudalism 
had then been moulded by the social condition of England. 

During the times contained in these annals the English Govern- 
ment had not power to control the excesses of its subjects, or to re- 
press the attacks of its opponents. The great Anglo-Irish families 
had become septs. In Clyn's Latin, the St. Aubyns, now corrupted 
into Tobins, and the Archdeacons, now transformed into the patrony- 
mic Mac Odos, or Codys, are " naciones et cognomina ;" and he speaks 
of the Iloddinets and Cantetons, " cum multis de sanguine eorum." 

C2 If 



XX 



If the Irish chiefs acknowledged no common authority, and felt no 
common interest, the same division prevailed amongst the lords of 
English descent. Englishman was now opposed to Englishman, and 
sought to revenge himself by the help of the Irish ; nor did the Eng- 
lish refuse their aid to the Irish when plundering their own country- 
men. When Brien O'Brien ravaged Ossory and slew the loyal English 
of Aghaboe and Aghamacart, he had the help of the English of Ely. 
The country was fast verging towards anarchy, and it was not 
easy to stay its descent. The sword of the Lord Justice, if put into 
the hands of any of the native lords, of the Ormondes or of the Kil- 
dares, was used as an instrument to avenge their own wrongs, or to 
promote their own interests, rather than to execute impartial justice, 
and to promote the welfare of the whole country. Such also was 
the case during the lieutenancy of any of the great English lords, who 
had estates or claims in Ireland, such as the great Mortimers ; and, 
perhaps, nothing brought the royal authority into greater disrepute 
than the use of it by these men as a cover for private revenge or for 
private gain. Nor were the evils fewer, if the administration of the 
Government was intrusted to Englishmen unconnected with this 
country. Men of eminence, so situated, would scarcely accept the 
office; we know that Pembridge altogether refused it; and men of in- 
ferior rank and reputation, when invested with deputed and transient 
authority, were scorned by the haughty Irish lords, and were freely 
charged by them, and perhaps justly charged, with the grossest pecu- 
lation and malversation. The castles of Athlone, Roscommon, Rin- 
duin, and Bunratty, — say the Irish lords to Edward in 1343, — were 
lost, because his treasurers did not pay the constables the wages 
charged in their accounts ; and they continued to charge for castles 
and constables, after the castles had been destroyed. Officials liable 
to such imputations could have no moral influence; and when some 
sturdy and honest man, like Sir Thomas Rokeby, who sold his plate 

to 



XXI 



to pay his soldiers, saying that he would eat off wooden platters and 
pay in gold and silver, — or when some bold and vigorous soldiers, like 
Sir Robert Ufford or Sir Anthony Lucy, held the King's commission, — 
they were hampered by the narrowness of their allowances, and were 
thwarted by the old peers and ancient officials. The very success of 
their exertions brought with it no lasting national advantage. If they 
put down disturbance for a time, and reduced the English dominions 
to order and submission, yet, at the termination of their authority, 
there was a renewal of lawlessness ; and the only lasting effect of 
their vigour was the weakening of the natural props and buttresses 
of internal government, and the consequent increase of anarchy and 
disturbance. 

Such was the political and social state of Ireland, during the ear- 
lier part of the fourteenth century, as represented in the following 
annals, and such, with little alteration, it continued to be for several 
generations. Whatever were the faults of the several parties in this long 
and bitter struggle, — and, no doubt, all parties had great and grievous 
faults, — they were the faults rather of the times than of the men. 
At all events, it little becomes any Irishman of the present day to re- 
proach their memories. He can scarcely do so without reproaching 
the memory of his own ancestors. There are few living Irishmen, 
whatever be their names, whether Celtic or Norman, in whose veins 
does not run the mingled blood of Norman and of Celt, or rather of 
Irishmen and Englishmen. Nor can the descendants of those good 
knights, who stood with Edward III. in the trenches of Calais, or of 
those hardy squires who overthrew the victors at Bannockburn, be 
unwilling to claim kindred with the descendants of the Irish chiefs, 
whose names were in the songs of the poet and the legends of the 
splint, when the names of Normandy and of Norman were unknown. 
Of the condition of the labouring classes during this period we 
learn nothing from chronicles or histories. At that time the condi- 
tion 



xxu 

tion of the poor was but little regarded, from -which circumstance it may 
perhaps be inferred that there was among them no great, or at least 
no unusual misery; had such existed it would have forced itself upon 
the observation of the annalist. We may observe, also, that the exist- 
ence of villeinage, when the risht to a man's labour was a valuable 
property, shows that the population had not exceeded its just limits, 
and that the labourer, who, if he wandered from the land, was re- 
claimed by the lord, must have been supplied with food sufficient to 
maintain his strength. From monastic re<jistries and chartularies, and 
other legal documents, we may painfullv collect the history of the 
agricultural classes, which the professed historian would not conde- 
scend to give; but even more valuable than these sources of informa- 
tion are the notices of labourers and farmers contained in contempo- 
rary poetry. What would we not give for such a picture of an Irish 
cabin in the fourteenth century, as Chaucer, the contemporary of 
Clyn, has given of an English cottage in the Nonne's Prieste's Tale? 
The social evils of Ireland, in the time now under our review, 
seem to have been but little mitigated by the influence of religion. 
When the Anglo-Irish nobles were gradually falling into Irish cus- 
toms, and were confederating, whenever it served their purpose, as 
readily with Irish against English as with English against Irish, we 
find national differences and dissensions, where we should least wish 
to find them, in the monastery and the convent. Although the autho- 
rities, as well ecclesiastical as civil, favoured the English party, the 
strife seems not to have been altogether unequal. " In 1325," writes 
Clyn, "there was discord, as it were universally, amongst all the poor 
religious of Ireland, some of them upholding, promoting, and cherish- 
ing the part of their own nation, and blood, and tongue; others of them 
canvassing for the offices of prelates and superiors." And he adds, 
that in the same year, at the general chapter of the Order, held at 
Lyons, the convents of Cork, Buttevant, Limerick, and Ardfert, were 

taken 



XX1U 

taken from the Irish friars, and assigned as a fifth custody to the 
English. 

In those evil days neither the persons nor the places dedicated to 
religion were safe from violence. We read in Clyn: 

" In the year 1323, on the Friday within the octaves of Easter, 
Philip Talon, with his son and about twenty-six of the Codhlitanys, 
was slain by Edmund Butler, Rector of Tullow, who, aided by the 
Cantitons, dragged them out of the church, and burned the church 
of Thamolyn, with their women and children, and the reliques of 
Saint Molyng" a . 

"In 1336, on Thursday, the 3rd Ides of April, Master Howel de 
Bathe, Archdeacon of Ossory, a man of literature and munificence, 
with Andrew Avenel and Adam de Bathe, was killed by the O'Brynys 
of Duffyr, in defence of the goods of his church and parish." 

But, perhaps, the most striking entry on this subject is the fol- 
lowing: 

" In 1346, on Friday, the 3rd Nones of May, Dermicius Mac Gilpa- 
trick (surnamed Monoculus, in Irish Caeoch), who ever gave himself 
up to plots and treacheries, little regarding perjury, burned the town 
of Achabo, having taken and brought O'Carroll with him, and raging 
against the cemetery, the church, and the shrine of St. Canice, that 

most 
• The MS. from which the text is print- or Condons (Conouncnj), seated in the 
«1 has a slight imperfection in the word north of the present county of Cork. The 
" O'Cod . . . tanys," but the O'Codhlitans Anglo-Irish family of Talon were settled at 
^ Plainly meant, a Carlow family now Agha, in the county of Carlow. Philip Ta- 
rcdaced to poverty. The name in Irish is Ion, whose death is here noticed, had evi- 
wntten O Coolatain, now anglice Colla- dently sought for sanctuary or asylum in 
tan. TheCantitones were a sept of Anglo- the church of St. Mullin's, on the borders 
•Norman descent, now anglicised Condon, of the present counties of Wexford and 
• name still existing in the county of Kil- Carlow. 

kenny, but the family is reduced and ob- The Editor is indebted to Mr. O'Dono- 

scure. There was another sept of Cantons van for this note. 



XXIV 



most holy abbot, the patron of the county and the founder of the ab- 
bey, like a degenerate son against a father, he burned them and con- 
sumed them in unsparing fire." 

Nor were oaths always reverenced, even when administered in any 
of those strange forms, w r ith which the Irishman still occasionally en- 
deavours to awaken the religious feeling and to bind the conscience 
of his opponent. So we are told in 1333, in the beginning of June, 
Scanlei Mac Gylpatrick, after many and reiterated oaths on different 
books and manifold reliques of saints, treacherously took and killed 
two of the sons of Fynyn Mac Gylpatrick, his uncle, and blinded and 
mutilated the third. Yet, notwithstanding the frequency of such acts 
evidencing the little power of religious principle, our ancestors were 
not devoid of religious feelings, of which, to omit others, the following 
entry is a proof: "Also in this year (1348), and chiefly in September 
and October, there came together, from divers parts of Ireland, bishops 
and prelates, churchmen and religious, lords and others, and com- 
monly all persons of both sexes, to the pilgrimage and wading of the 
water at Thath Molyngis, in troops and multitudes, so that you couid 
see many thousands there at the same time for many days together. 
Some came from feelings of devotion, but others, and they the majority, 
from dread of the plague, which then grew very rife." 

In the following annals there are some interesting notices of events 
not immediately connected with Ireland, such as, in 1347, the siege of 
Calais, at which were present Maurice, Earl of Kildare, and the Kil- 
kenny Knight, Sir Fulco de la Frene; and in the same year there oc- 
curs a very curious notice of the Tribune Bienzi. To mention all 
these, however, would be beyond our due limits; it may, however, be 
allowed to give here together the various notices which are scattered 

o o 

through different years relative to the city of Kilkenny. 

We must, however, previously give admission to the following: 
" 1329. In that battle, the battle in which the Louth men killed 

their 



XXV 



their new Earl, John Birmingham, fellCaech O'Kayrwill [O'Carroll], 
that famous tympanist and harper, so pre-eminent that he was a phoe- 
nix in his art, and with him fell about twenty tympanists, who were 
his scholars. He was called Caech O'Kayrwill, because his eyes were 
not straight, but squinted; and if he was not the first inventor of chord 
music, yet, of all his predecessors and contemporaries, he was the cor- 
rector, the teacher, and the director." 

The following are Clyn's notices of Kilkenny : 

" 1267. The Friars Preachers opened the convent at Ross, and the 
chapter of the Minors was held at Kilkenny." 

"1302. About the feast of Pentecost died Michael, Bishop of Ossory, 
who was succeeded by William Fitz John, consecrated at Kilkenny, 
on the Sunday within the octaves of the Epiphany of the same year." 

" 1308. A chapter of the Minors at Kilkenny, on the feast of the 
Baptist." 

" l 3 l 5- A common parliament of the magnates at Kilkenny, in the 
beginning of June, to give aid and counsel against the Scots." 

"1318. William Fitz John, Bishop of Ossory, is translated to the 
archbishopric of Cashel, in whose room is substituted Friar Richard 
Leddrede, who was consecrated by the Pope at Avignon, where the 
Roman Court then abode, on the 8th Kalends of May." 

" 132 1. The new choir is built at Kilkenny." 

" l 3 2 3- Consecration of the great altar of the Friars Minors at Kil- 
kenny. On the same day, to wit, 3rd Ides of January, the funeral of 
Sir Robert Schortals." 

u i3 2 4- On Thursday, in the octaves of St. Hilary, William Outlaw, 
entangled in heresy and notoriously defamed, and failing in his pur- 
gation, publicly abjured his heresy in the church of St. Mary, in Kil- 
kenny, reading a new profession of faith, and signing it with his own 
hand." 

" l 33*- On Friday, the Feast of St. Cecilia the Virgin, by Nicholas, 

IBISH ARCH. SOC. d Lord 



XXVI 

Lord Bishop of Waterford, the new cemetery outside the church of 
the Friars Minors of Kilkenny was consecrated." 

"1332. The belfry of St. Canice of Kilkenny fell, and great part of 
the choir; the ruins broke down the vestibule of the chapels and the 
bells, on Friday, the 1 ith Kalends of June, so that it was a horrid and 
pitiful spectacle to the beholders." 

" 1334. On the feast of Tiburtius and Valerian, on Thursday, the 
burgesses of Kilkenny began to make a pavement." 

"1335. On Thursday, the morrow of the Invention of the Holy Cross, 
Sir Remund le Ercedekne, with his two sons, Patrick and Sylvester, 
Sir William le Ercedekne, and eleven of that name, were slain by 
Leyath O'Morthe [Lewis OMore], his sons and servants, in a confe- 
rence at Clargoly, as were Thomas de Bathe, Gerald Bagot, and others, 
to the number of 50. This Remund, with his two elder sons, and 
his uncle, Sir William, and three more of the name, were carried to be 
buried in the convent of the Friars Minors, on seven biers together, 
one following the other, through the town of Kilkenny, with the wail- 
ing of many." 

"In the same year, on Thursday, the morrow of Lucia the Virgin, 
the great cross was put up in the centre of the market-place in Kil- 
kenny, at which time many persons, flying to the cross, were marked 
on the naked flesh with the sign of the cross, with a red hot iron, 
that they might go to the Holy Land." 

"1338. Sir Eustace le Poer, on the eve of the Ascension of our 
Lord, being then seneschal of Kilkenny, attached and imprisoned Sir 
Fulco and Oliver de la Frene, without showing them any cause for 
their caption ; and they finding rather his malice and his revenge than 
the rigour of justice, Oliver prudently escaped from the castle on As- 
cension Day, and on the morrow, having assembled their men and 
their friends, with the strong hand they broke down the gates of the 
.castle of Kilkenny, and brought out Sir Fulco in spite of the seneschal." 

"In 



xxvn 



" In the same year, on Tuesday, the 15th Kalends of December, 
there was a very great flood, such as was not seen for forty years be- 
fore, and it overthrew and carried away bridges, mills, and buildings. 
Of the whole abbey of the Friars Minors of Kilkenny only the great 
altar and the steps of the altar remained uncovered and untouched by 
the flood." 

"1340. On the Friday within the octaves of Easter, Robert Conton 
was killed in the street of Kilkenny." 

"1343. Building of the new belfry of the church of St. Mary." 

" 1 347. On the same day, Palm-Sunday and the day of the Annun- 
ciation of the Blessed Mary, at Kilkenny, the Lady Isabella Palmer, 
who built the front of the choir of the friars, was buried. She reached 
a praiseworthy old age, and having lived in her widowhood religiously 
and honourably about seventy years, she passed from this world, as 
was said, and as is believed, in a state of virginity." 

"In the same year, on the first Sunday in Advent, began the con- 
fraternity of the Friars Minors of Kilkenny, for the purpose of build- 
ing a new belfry and of repairing the church." 

" Also Friar Richard, Bishop of Ossory, obtained in the Roman 
Court an exemption from the jurisdiction and superiority of the 
Archbishop of Dublin." 

Such, with the notices of the plague before extracted, are the 
chief events given by Friar Clyn relative to the fair city of Kilkenny, 
in which he passed the greater part of his life. 

The Castle still stands, no longer, as in his days, a prison and a 
fortress, but as Spenser described it, " a brave mansion in as fair a 
land as may be read." Vainly will the antiquary seek for the great 
Cr«>ss in the centre of the market-place, where Clyn saw the pilgrims 
to the Holy Land burned with the sign of a cross on the naked 
Mesh, with a hot iron ; and where the young men of Kilkenny were 
taught by the Protestant Bishop Bale to act his strange dramas 

d 2 on 



XXV111 



on a Sunday in 1552. The Cathedral of St. Canice yet remains, a 
memorial of the piety of past generations, consecrated to the glory of 
God; but Clyn's home is now ruined and profaned. Not gently sink- 
ing, like many other holy ruins, in silence and quietude, into natural 
forms, assimilating with natural objects, with trees, and hills, and ri- 
vers, breathing deeper and holier thoughts than in its days of power 
and splendour, the Friary of St. Francis is now surrounded with 
poverty and wretchedness in the centre of the town. It was used 
as a soldiers' barrack while its walls could be inhabited, and now its 
beautiful church, vocal in Clyn's time with the constant voice of 
prayer and praise, is a racket-court for the citizens of Kilkenny. 



To complete, as far as is in our power, the collection of Irish An- 
nals contemplated by the Earl of Marlborough in the reign of James I., 
there is printed in the Appendix the only remnant of the Annals of 
Ross to which we have had access. 

For the interesting and valuable notes, marked with his initials, 
the Editor is indebted to the Rev. James Graves, of Kilkenny, from 
whose local knowledge and antiquarian zeal, that ancient city, and 
the adjoining district, will hereafter derive yet greater elucidation. 

The notes marked A. H. have been contributed by the Hon. 
Algernon Herbert, and those marked J. O'D. by Mr. O'Donovan. 

The text has been printed from a MS. in Trinity College Library, 
Dublin (E. 3, 20), in the same volume which contains the Annals of 
Ross and Dowling's Annals. It was collated with a copy of a later 
date in the possession of Sir William Betham, which is deficient in a 
few pages at the end, viz. from line 15, page 33, of the text now pub- 
lished. 

Although MSS. of Clyn do not seem to have been of rare occur- 
rence in the preceding century, in which they were quoted by Harris 

and 



XXIX 



and by Walker, yet such has baen the recent loss of Irish historical 
documents (affording strong proof of the utility of the labours of our 
Society), that these were the only MSS. accessible to the Editor when 
these pages were put to press; and, although evidently carefully 
written, it was impossible to place implicit reliance on them. It was, 
therefore, with great pleasure that it was ascertained, when four sheets 
of this edition had been printed, that a MS. of Clyn was to be found 
amongst the Rawlinson MSS. in the Bodleian Library. 

For a most careful and elaborate collation of this earlier authority 
with the pages already printed from the College and Betham MSS., 
and with the proof-sheets of the subsequent pages, our Society is in- 
debted to the Rev J. Wilson, of Trinity College, Oxford 3 . And it 

was 



m To whom the Society is also indebted 
for the following accurate description of 
the copy in the Bodleian Library: 

** The Bodleian Library, it seems, pos- 
sesses one, and one only MS- of Clyn ; MSS. 
Kawl. B. 496. It is a small folio, contain- 
ing eighty-six leaves, which are so num- 
bered on the first side only, so that there 
are, of course, double that number of pages. 
The portion comprising John Clyn's work 
is from leaf 44 to 70 inclusive ; and, as 
lar as I can judge from turning over and 
inspecting the pages, it is quite complete, 
and lias the continuation up to 1405, which 
continuation, however, does in fact consist 
uf only half a page. It is written in a 
close legal hand, such as a paid scribe 
would have used; and to the best of my 
judgment by the same hand from begin- 
ning to end; but there are added in the 
margin, in a paler ink and more careless 



style of writing, a few corrections; and 
in the body of the last page but one, where 
a small space was left blank at the supposed 
conclusion of Clyn's part of the work, are 
inserted (evidently by the corrector) the 
words ' videtur quod author hie obiit.' 
The whole gives me the idea that some 
scribe had been employed to make a copy 
of the work, and that the person for whom 
it was made had himself afterwards col- 
lated and corrected it. 

" Dr. Bandinel believes this to be the 
Chandos copy mentioned in Harris's edi- 
tion of Ware, and has favoured me with 
the following note : • This MS. formed 
part of the Clarendon Library, and is re- 
ferred to in Catal. MSS. Anglice et Hiber- 
nian, ad calcem, sc. MSS. Hibernian, p. 5, 
No. 19. Lord Clarendon's library came 
wholly, or for the greater part, into the 
possession of the Duke of Chandos, at 



XXX 

was with great satisfaction that the Editor perceived that, although in 
the imprinted pages b he adopted some better readings from the Ox- 
ford MS., yet that in substance and meaning it agreed so fully with 
the other MSS. that there was no necessity for cancelling any of the 
pages already printed off. 

R. B. 



POSTSCRIPT. 



After the Notes had been printed off, the Editor received the fol- 
lowing remarks, which are too interesting to be omitted, and are, 
therefore, inserted here. For the information they contain he is in- 
debted to Mr. Prim, of Kilkenny, and to the Rev. James Graves. 

The Franciscan Abbey, Kilkenny. 

It appears by entries in the " Clasped Book" of the Corporation of Kilkenny, 
that the Franciscan abbey was assigned for building barracks on the 19th of 
September, 1698. 

*' cth April, 1700. The waste of Francis' abbey, in addition to the former 
grant, given for building barracks." — Id. 

" 31st August, 1708. St. Francis' abbey (now in the possession of his father) 
set to John Desborough, Jun., for forty-one years from the following Michael- 
mas, 

whose sale it was purchased by Dr. R. Raw- b In Ussher's Treatise on English Laws 

linson, as appears from a note of Rawlin- and Parliaments in Ireland, there is a 

son's in an interleaved copy of the Chandos passage quoted from Clyn (page 30, line 

sale catalogue.' It is No. ioc6 in this ca- 28, of our edition), in which there is the 

talogue. You may be interested in hearing interesting reading " Rege nescio," for the 

that Dr. Rawlinson gave two shillings for words " quare nescio." Gutch's Collec- 

the MS." tanea, voL i. p. 35. 






•>Mfct- 






■ ' Ht 






- 



. - ■ ■ ' '• 

"• • • - _ 









- -.,..-« 



', ., „ WM WWf u w ,„ . . t .. .■■ . -^■,^^. ;». .^.~^^ w; ,,- T . <rCTCTrw> „ 



XXXI 

mas, at £10 is. per annum, excepting thereout the horse-barrack, hay-yard, and 
die set of pillars and uncovered walls within the said abbey." — Id. 

The Corporation possesses the original grants of the Black and Grey friars, 
and their possessions, made to them by Henry VIII., in the thirty-fifth year of 
his reign. 

It appears from the City Books that the Franciscan abbey was canted to 
Alderman Evans at £6 a year, fee-farm lease, December 19th, 1724. It is still 
held by his descendants, who are reduced to poverty. — J. G. 

The " Pavage" of Kilkenny'. 

The burgesses of Kilkenny were incorported by William, Earl Marshal, the 
elder, before the year 1220, and received several important Charters from that 
nobleman's successors in the lordship of the district; but the first royal grant 
obtained by the Corporation of the town, which can be found in the Calendar 
of Roils, was made on the 25th November in the year named in the text, 1334, 
and as it conferred upon the " provost, bailiffs, and true men of Kilkenny,*' the 
right of " pavage" for seven years, to pave their town, it appears by our author 
that they lost no time in carrying its design into execution. [Rot. Claus. 8 
Ed. III. 123.] However, after the expiration of the seven years for which the 
privilege of " pavage" lasted, it would seem that the repair of their streets was 
very much neglected by the burgesses. A manuscript preserved amongst the 
Clarendon Papers, British Museum (torn. li. No. 479), which was written in 
the early part of the seventeenth century, and is devoted to a description of 
Kilkenny and the diocese of Ossory, notices the commencing of the pavement 
of the town in 1334, and observes: " Cujus instaurationem a tanto .tempore in- 
termissam aut certe plurimum neglectam aggrediebatur vir nobilis L. S. dum 

•-■*set urbis Praetor anno salutis " The initials here given would 

correspond with the name of Luke Shee, son of Sir Richard Shee, Knight, of 
«■ ppcrcourt, who was Mayor of Kilkenny in the year 161 3, as appeal's from the 
following entry in the " Red Book of the Corporation of Kilkenny,"' folio 311, 
undor the date September 10th, 161 3 : 

" Mr. Luke Shee refused to serve as mayor. His reasons were, that he lived 
in the country, and, though named an alderman in the Charter, never took the 

oath 
'See page 25. 



XXX11 

oath of an alderman. The Corporation answered that he had an house in the 
town, and therefore was an inhabitant; and that he had voted and acted as an 
alderman, and therefore was an alderman. He submitted to the Corporation, 
and was fined ioo marks, Irish; and a by-law made that every person hereafter 
refusing to serve mayor, when elected, shall forfeit 200 marks and be disfran- 
chised." 

The reparation of the ancient pavement of Kilkenny, thus begun by Lucas 
Shee in 161 3, would seem to have been carried out by his immediate successors 
in office ; but the Corporation appears only to have paved the centre of the 
streets, and to have caused the side ways to be repaired at the expense of the 
inhabitants. Thus in the " Red Book" d , at folio 341, under the date 1615, we 
find the following entry : 

" A person hired by the city, by the year, to repair the streets. Every body 
to find labourers and pave before their own doors ; those who have leases, of 
which twenty-one years are to come, to pay as inheritors ; those who have less 
time, the cost to be divided between them and the landlord, according to the 
number of years to come." 

In the " White Book," under the date 27th January, 1670, is the following: 

" By-law for paving the streets Every inhabitant to pave the breadth of 

his front and twenty-one feet into the street; and if those pavements do-not 
meet, the city to pave the remainder. But if the gutter be above twenty-one 
feet from the door, the inhabitant to pave the gutter. If the street be not forty- 
two feet wide, the opposite inhabitants to be at equal expenses. If not paid on 
notice from the mayor, to be distrained for double the value of the pavement."' 

Again the " Clasped Book" records that on the 22nd April, 1694, it was, 

" Ordered, — That each inhabitant of this city do pave the gutter before 
their doors, within the walls thereof, and that the city shall pave the rest." 

The Corporation of Kilkenny at the present day defrays the expense of re- 
pairing the pavement of the town within the limit of the ancient city walls, but 

without 

d The " Red" and "White" Books of the copy, or rather summary of their contents, 

Corporation of Kilkenny are not at pre- made early in the last century, by Al- 

sent in the possession of that body, and derman William Colles, and which is now 

probably are not in existence; but the in the possession of Dr. James of Kil- 

ex tracts above given are taken from a kenny. 



XXXL11 

without their circuit, all such city works are carried on by the grand jury pre- 
sentment. — J. G. ; A. P. 

The Market Cross of Kilkenny 6 . 

This ancient and beautiful structure stood in the centre of High-street, near 
the Tholsel, but was barbarously destroyed, by order of the Corporation, in the 
year 1 77 1 . A drawing of it was preserved by the Rev. Mervyn Archdall, which 
was engraved for Ledwich's History of Irishtown and Kilkenny, in the second 
volume of the Collectanea de Rebus Hibemicis, and was copied in the first vo- 
lume of the Dublin Penny Journal. In both of these works it is stated that 
the date " M.C.C.C." was indented upon its fourth step; but this must be a mis- 
take, as Clyn, having been himself a resident of Kilkenny at the time, could 
scarcely be incorrect as to the period of its erection. In other respects the 
drawing would appear to correspond with the description given of the cross by 
Archdekin, Motraye, and other old writers. The Clarendon MS., torn. li. No. 
479, already alluded to in the note upon the paving of Kilkenny, represents it 
as an arched structure, supported by marble columns, rising from a graduated 
base. Above the arch rose a slender shaft, upon the top of which was a richly 
sculptured cross, adorned with the figures of St. Kyran, St. Canice, St. Patrick, 
and St. Brigid, all of which religious personages are there asserted to bave been" 
the tutelary saints of the town. Archdekin states ( Theologia Tripart. Unkersa. 
par. 3) the Puritan soldiers of Cromwell to have shattered, with their muskets, 
the portion of the carving which represented the symbol of the crucifixion; but 
Motraye mentions that in 1730, though " the arms of it were broken off, the 
shaft, adorned with good figures in relief, was well preserved." 

The plea upon which the Corporation of 177 1 sought to justify the destruc- 
tion of this venerable monument was, that it had fallen into a ruinous condi- 
tion, and was dangerous to the public ; but it is stated by old inhabitants who 
Had often seen the cross before its final obliteration, that the expenditure of a 
few pounds would have been sufficient to have restored it to perfect repair, and 
ptv-^rvc it to future ages. It appears from the municipal records that the civic 
representative body of the seventeenth century was as anxious for its preserva- 
tion as the corporators of the eighteenth seem to have been regardless of its va- 
lue. 
e See page 27. 

IBISH ARCH. S0C. e 



XXXIV 

lue. It was recorded in the " Red Book" that, on the 9th February, 1609, an 
order was made by the Corporation that " the market cross and Croker's cross 
be for ever repaired and kept in repair by the company of masons, in such 
manner as the mayor shall direct." The preservation of the structure would 
appear to have been immediately thereupon undertaken, as on the 20th April 
following an invitation was sent forth to " every person that have plows within 
the city, to send them to draw stones from the quarry to repair the market 
cross;" and on the 3rd August, in the next year, the following memorandum 
was inserted in the " Red Book:" — " The market cross repaired May, 16 10, by 
the Company of Masons. The Corporation paid for carriage and lime and 
sand." Again, under the year 1624, October 15th, is this entry: " Part of the 
Black Quarry allowed for making up the south side of the market cross." 

This is the last record which can be discovered of any attempt towards the 
reparation or preservation of the interesting and venerable structure ; but there 
are some other curious allusions to the cross in the Corporation documents. 
On the 13th April, 1632, "the north side of the market cross was granted to 
two persons for shops during the fair times of Corpus Christi, in regard that 
their shops are stopped up by the stations and play of Corpus Christi Day." 
The market cross seems to have been the locality of the performance of the 
ancient plays and mysteries in Kilkenny. Two of the mysteries there acted, 
and specially written for the purpose by John Bale, the first Protestant Bishop 
of Ossory, in the year 1552, are still preserved amongst the Harleian MSS., and 
are extremely curious and interesting specimens of those religious dramatic 
entertainments ; they are : — a tragedy entitled " God's Promises," and a comedy 
named " John Baptist's Preachings in the Wilderness," and both are strongly 
directed against Popery. The following passage from the curious personal nar- 
rative of Bale's " Vocation to the Bishopric of Ossory, and Persecutions in the 
same," printed in the sixth volume of the Harleian Miscellany, is interesting as 
connected with the subject of this note: 

" On the xx daye of August was the Ladye Marye with vs at Kilkennye 
proclaimed Queene of England Fraunce and Ireland, with the greatest solemp- 
nyte, that there coulde be devised of processions, musters, and disgysings, all 
the noble Captaynes and Gentilmen thereabout being present. What-a-do I 
had that daye with the Prebendaryes and Prestes about wearinge the cope, 
croser, and my ter, in prosession, it were to much to write. I tolde them earnestly, 

whan 



XXXV 

whan they would have compelled me thereunto, that I was not Moyses Minis- 
ter, but Christes. I desyred them not to compell me to his Denyall, which is, 
S. Paule say th, in the repetinge of Moyses sacraments and ceremoniall schad- 
dowes. Gal. V. With that I take Christes Testament in my Hande, and went 
to the Market Crosse, the people in great nombre followinge. There take I the 
xiii. chap, of S. Paule to the Romanes, declaringe to them brevely what the au- 
thoritie was of the worldly powers and Magistrates, what reverence and obe- 
dience were due to the same. In the meane tyme had the prestes gotten ii dis- 
gysed prestes, one to beare the myter afore me, and another the croser, making 
iii procession pageaunts of one. The yonge men, in the forenoon, played a 
Tragedye of God's promyses in the olde Lawe, at the Market Crosse, with or- 
gane plainges, and songes, very aptly. In the afternone agayne they played a 
comedie of Sanct Johan Baptistes preachings, of Christes baptisynge, and of his 
tcmptacion in the wildernesse, to the small contentacion of the prestes, and 
other papistes there." 

There are some curious notices, in the " Red Book," of these religious plavs 
subsequently to Bale's time. On the 20th April, 16 10, it was resolved, " that 
the Mayor and Aldermen, with the advice of the Sheriffs and such of the second 
council as they shall cull, shall order the celebration of Corpus Christi Day in 
decent and solemn manner as usual, and shall employ carpenters to make rails- 
for keeping out horses and the mob, and for placing strangers at the place 
where the interlude shall be plaid." On the 23 rd July, same year, the Corpo- 
ration granted a salary of twenty shillings per annum to a person " for keeping 
the apparel used on Corpus Christi Day station, and the apparel of the Mories 
and players of the Resurrection;" and on the 13th January, 1631, was allowed 
44 a salary of £3 13.9. 41/. per annum to WiKam Consey, for teaching to write 
and read, and instructing the children of the natives for the play on Corpus 
Christi day." 

Croker's cross, alluded to in some of the foregoing extracts, was of lesser im- 
portance than the market cross; it was a monument erected in 1407, in com- 
memoration of the victory gained over the Burkes and O'Carrolls, at Callan, by 
• ir Stephen Scroop, the Lord Deputy, in whose army the burgesses of Kil- 
kenny served, under the leadership of their Sovereign, John Croker. This 
monument stood in the cross-ways formed by the junction of High-street, Pa- 
trick-street, Roseinn-street, and the parade, anciently called Castle-street, but 

it 



XXXY1 

it has been long since removed. On the 9th February, 1609, the Corporation 
ordered, " that the market place for cattle be at James's-green and Walkin's- 
green, and from the market cross to Croker's cross ; and no one to buy else- 
where." There were also several other similar monuments formerly existing 
in Kilkenny. The Butt's cross is the only one yet remaining, but the sites of 
others are determined by the old names of localities, such as St. Leger's cross, 
Crinius's cross, Scaldcrow's cross, &c. The author of the Clarendon MS., torn. 
51, No. 479, states that at the beginning of the seventeenth century there was 
a monumental cross near the gate of the Franciscan abbey ; he, however, gives 
nothing of its history, except that it had been removed thither from the suburb, 
on the south side of the town, called Loughbuidhe. — J. G. ; A. P. 

The Church of St. Mary, Kilkenny*. 

The original structure of St. Mary's church appears to have been purely 
early English in style, and was probably erected shortly after the incorporation 
of the town by William Earl Marshal. The tower, whose erection Clyn has 
recorded, existed until the year 18 19, when it was taken down. The church is 
cruciform, and the tower stood at the north-west angle of the body of the build- 
ing, and was not, as the present tower is, attached to the west gable. An an- 
cient • trowel was discovered imbedded in the wall of the old tower, which was 
used in laying the foundation stone of the new one, but we believe that this 
relic is not now in existence. 

The walls of the present church are portions of the original building, but 
the triple lancets in the north and south transept gables are the only original 
windows which have been retained. The chancel has been much curtailed in 
length, as appears by the following extract from the Vestry Book of the parish : 

" 2nd March, 1748. 
" Agreed on by the minister, churchwardens, and parishioners, assembled — 
that the eastern He or chancel be pulled down within twenty-one foot of the 
pulpit ...... and that the several monuments in y e eastern isle and sheds 

may be removed and set up in such parts of the church as y e Bishop shall aprove 
of, at the expense of the proprietors." 

By an entry made in the blank leaf at the commencement of the parish Re- 
gister, 
r See page 30, at the year 1343. 



xxxvn 

gister, it appears that in 1 774 the Corporation of Kilkenny " repaired the steeple, 
beinor in a very ruinous condition, and also adorned the church with an organ," 
which cost £300. 

The parish of St. Mary is at present a perpetual curacy in the gift of the 
Bishop of Ossory, the curate being paid by minister's money ; but originally it 
appears to have been an independent rectory. In the early taxations which oc- 
cur in the " Red Book"' of Ossory it is always termed " ecclesia." 

Thus (at fol. 18, dorsd) its value and denomination are given as under, in a 
taxation made at the commencement of the fourteenth century : 

" Ecc. be. Marie Kilkenn. cvi* viij d Deci a x s viij d ;" 

and again in the new taxation made " post guerram Scotorum," circ. 1320, the 
value and proxy payable thereout is thus given : 

" Ecc be Marie iiij £i Deci s viij s procuf. xij' 1 " — Lib. Rub. Ossor.fol. 22, dorso. 

The subsequent history of the parish, is exceedingly obscure ; whether at this 
period it was in the gift of the bishop is not stated in the taxations; but from 
various documents, it appears that there was a very intimate connexion between 
this parish and the Corporation of Kilkenny. In a burgess rent roll g , dated 
ann. 5 . Hen. V. there are entries which show that the Sovereign and burgesses 
of Kilkenny had the setting of various houses and lands which were charged 
with the supply of lights for the church of St. Mary, and this before the Refor- 
mation, and consequent acquirement of confiscated church property. 

Again, under the year 1643, we nn d h " a docket of St. Mary's lands belong- 
ing to the city of Kilkenny," mentioning several houses and lands charged with 
" finding ropes for the bells in our Lady's church," " repairing the church from 
time to time," and " keeping the style, with lock and key to the church-yard." 
Amongst the items is the following : " Edmund Grace for the Mary priest 
chamber and garden 61 years beginning 162 1, at 20 d ^ an." For a statement 
made by Ledwich on this subject see his Antiquities, second edition, p. 495 . 
His authorities were the MSS. of Counsellor James Laffan, Recorder of the city 
of Kilkenny, which MSS. Ledwich borrowed, but never returned. — J. G. 

' Preserved in the Consistorial Office. h Amongst the Corporation records, in 

Kilkenny. the possession of the Town Clerk. 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. f 



ir^V^Sk 



jf^»yv^^^ 



?,^t^ 






§► wv^j) 






FRATRIS JOHANNIS CLYN 



ANNALES HIBERNI.E. 



y -tpf*vjFNcipit cathologus sive cronice. Item secundum Orosium 
^y^^^^i'^^i ab orbe primo condito usque ad urbem Romam conditam 
j'$^&j--^'b:is£$ h anni quatuor milia cccc octuaginta quatuor anni. Et ab 

^^S^hyf^i^^^ urbe condita usque nativitatem Christi 715 anni, et sic 

lf(0yjSv^t\0/W co ^g imtur a ^ origine 5199. 



Doniinus noster Jhesus Christus primus et summus pon- 
tifex fuit, et sedit in hoc mundo annis 32 et 3 mensibus. Juxta illud ewan- 
gelii, Jhesus erat quasi incipiens annorum 30, id est, tricesimum inceperat, 
1 3 diebus tantum ejusdem anni peractis, quia eadem die anno revoluto con- 
vertit aquam in vinum; et in sequenti Pascha, id est, anni 33 1 incarceratus 
est Baptista ; et in alio Pascha sequenti decollatus, et in tertio Pascha, id 
ret, 33" anni passus est Dominus, et ita vixit 32 annis integre; et de 33 
anno quantum est temporis a Natali usque ad Pascham, pro anno dimidio com- 
putatur. 

Dominus noster [natus est] sub Augusto Cessare, id est, Octaviano, qui im- 
j«--ravit ante nativitatem Christi annis 42, et nato Domino 13 annis. Iste totum 
[mundum] redegit in unam Monarchiam. Tiberius tempore Christi, annis 18. 

Versus : 
Anni bis centum minus uno millia quinque : 
Sunt ab Adam primo numerantibus usque secundum. 
irisu arcii. soc. B Item, 



Item, alius Versus : 

Annis nongentis decies, iterumque ducentis 

Unus defuerat quo Deus ortus erat. 
Quater millenis tercentis iiii or annis 

Nexus in inferno fuit Adam crimine prirao. 

In ortu Christi tria miracula apparuerunt. Templura Roma? corruit ; fons 
olei erupit trans Tiberim de Taberna ; circulus ad speciem archus celestis circa 
solem eo die apparuit. Nova Stella orta fuit. Octavianus precepit ne quis eum 
Dominum vocaret ; ut captivi omnes liberentur ; et hereditas sua cuilibet red- 
deretur. Pax summa ubique fuit. Hie mundum totum regebat, et habuit 44 
lernones militum. 

Anno secundo. Innocentes occiduntur. 

Anno tertio. Herodes occidit seipsum cultello, et Johannes evangelista natus 

est. 

Anno 19. Johannes Baptista predicavit in deserto. 

Anno 30. Christus baptizatus, incepit predicare, et conversi sunt Apostoli. 

Anno 33. 9°Kal: Aprilis, Christus crucifixus est; 6 Kal: Aprilis, surrexit; 
4 Nonas Msdi, ascendit; 15 Maii, Spiritus super Apostolos descendit. Idus Julii, 
sunt divisi. 1 7 Kal : Januarii, Stephanus lapidatus fuit. 

Anno 34. viii Idus Februarii, conversus est Paulus. Et 13 conversions 
anno gentibus predicavit. 

Et nota, Britones in Anglia fuerunt ante Christi incarnacionem per mille 
quingentos annos et viii. 

Et quod prima etas mundi fuit ab Adam usque Diluvium, et continet annos 
1256: secunda etas a Diluvio usque Habraham, et continet annos 292: tertia 
fuit ab Habraham usque David, et continet annos 942 : quarta a David usque 
transmigrationem Babilonis, et continet annos 473 : quinta a transmigratione 
usque Christi adventum, et continet annos 588 : sexta etas nulla annorum 
serie certa. 

Petrus post Domini passionem tenuit cathedram sacerdotalem in partibus 

orientis annis 4. Anno 20 vero cathedratur Antiochie 8° Kal : Man, ubi 

sedit annis vii. Ibi primam missam celebravit ; dicendo tantum verba Conse- 

crationis, et Pater noster. 

Anno 38. Matheus scripsit ewangelium. 

Anno 



Anno 45. Cathedratus fuit Petrus Rome viii Kal: Februarii; ubi sedit 
anni? 35, et mensibus 6, dicbus 7. Hie 4 Neronis anno, cum Paulo martyri- 
zatus. 

Quadrafresimo octavo. Marchus scripsit ewangelium. 

Quadra^esimo nono. Tempore beati Petri Maria mater Domini obiit, 8 Kal : 
Scptembris, anno vite sue 63, secundum fidem Ebraicam, secundum vero 
cronica anni computantur sic, 14 annos habuit quando natus est Jesus, 33 
annis vixit cum filio, post cujus passionem vixit annis 16. 

Anno 58. Lapidatus est Jacobus, sed non ex toto extinctus. 

Quinquagesimo nono. Festus fuit procurator Judese, a quo Paulus vinctus 
Romain mittitur. 

Sexao-esimo secimdo. Lapidatur Jacobus frater Domini, a Judeis. 

Scxagesimo 3 . Maria Magdalena obiit. 

Sexagesimo 9 . Petrus et Paulus sub Nerone passi sunt ; qui eodem tem- 
pore occidit Senecam magistrum suum, matrem suam et sororem: et primam 
intulit christianis persecutionem. Hoc tempore Lucanus poeta moritur Pansius. 

Septuagesimo 2 . Jerosolyma a Tyto etVespasiano subvertitur. 

Octuagesimo 3 . Johannes ewangelista in Palitmos relegatur, ubi scripsit 
Apocalypsim et octuagesimo 5 scripsit e"wangelium. 

Nonagesimo 7 . Passio Dionisii, qui postquam decapitatus fuit caput suum 
portavit ad locum sepulture, cantans hymnum " Gloria tibi Domine." 

Anno ioo°. Obiit Johannes ewangelista, post passionem Domini 50, etatis 
sue 98 . 

Centesimo $6°. Lucius rex Britannie efficitur christianus a papa Eleu- 
therio. 

Ducentesimo 33 . Ordinatur Ambrosius apud Mediolanum; et Augustinus 
a beato Ambrosio baptizatur. Hoc tempore, Turonis beatus Martinus virtutibus 
radiabat. Jo : et Id : \_et Jerojiimus'] apud Behtleem. 

Anno 265. Cepit Lucius papa, et Anastasius fecit simbolum " Quicunque 
vult." Et sanctus Hilarius claruit: et Donatus artis grammatics. Et Sixtus 
Papa, et beatus Laurentius martyrio coronantur. 

Ducentesimo 86. Dioclesiano imperante, facta est persecutio christianorum, 
que duravit per annos 10. Circa illud tempus, heresis Ai-riana pullulabat, et 
dampnata in Niceno concilio. Hiis temporibus Constantius vir mansuetissimus 
regebatHispaniam,Galliam, et Britanniam, et Constantinum reliquit filium suum 

B 2 ex 






ex concubina Elena, creatum imperatorem Galliarum. Hec Helena fuit filia 
regis Britannie, secundum Bedam de gestis Anglorum. Et Albanus martiri- 
zatur. 

Anno 316. Silvester papa incepit, qui baptizavit Constantinum imperato- 
rem magnum, et a lepra mundavit. Et sunt ab incarnatione Domini usque 
primum annum Sylvestri, 316 anni, et 20 dies. Dictus Constantinus, films 
Helene, filie regis Britannie devicit Maxencium, et Lucium, et Serenum impe- 
ratores. Maxencio depulso in Alexandria Constantinopolim transiit ; et multos 
christianos occidit, et beatam virginem Katerinam. 

Anno 410. Inventio corporis Sancti Stephani, et Augustinus composyit 
librum " de Civitate Dei." 

Tercentesimo 13 . Jeronymus claruit. 

Quadringentesimo n°. Obiit Martinus Turonensis episcopus. 

Anno 423 . Obiit Augustinus. Palladius mittitur ad Hiberniam. 

Quadringentesimo 24 . Exordium regum Francorum ; Primus Faramundus : 
secundus Clodio. 

Quadringentesimo 17 . Cepit Celestinus papa; hie misit beatum Patricium 
in Hiberniam : 

Quadringentisimo 32 . Sanctus Patricius venit in Hiberniam, cujus etas sic 
distinguitur. ^ 16 annorum fuit, quando a piratis de Britannia in Hiberniam 
captivus ducitur. 6 annis erat in servitute. 18 annis sub sancti Germani An- 
cisiodorensis episcopi magisterio deguit. 35 Hyberniam, et alias insulas, ad 
Christum convertit. 33 annis contemplationi intendebat. Obiit autem anno 
493° incarnacionis Christi; anno pontificante Felice papa; primo imperii Anas- 
tasii imperatoris : principante Aurelio Ambrosio in Britannia. 

Quadringentesimo 39 . Nascitur beata virgo Brigida. 

457 . Venerunt Saxones in Britanniam. 

490 . Sanctus Memertus instituit "Roo-aciones." 

500 . Obiit beatus Benedictus. 

Anno 525 . Francia convertitur ad Christum. 

592 . Cepit Gregorius papa, qui misit 3 sui pontificatus anno beatum Au- 
gustinum, et alios in Angliam misit. 

595° Venit Augustinus in Angliam. 

Anno 606 . Cepit Bonefacius, hujus tempore Cosdre rex Persarum vastavit 
Jerosolumam ; et lignum crucis secum in Persidem perduxit. 

Anno 



Anno 63 8°. Cepit Severinus, hujus tempore Eraclius occidit Cosdre regem 
Persarum : et crucis lignum reduxit in Jerusalem. 

Sexcentesimo 88°. Ysidorus claruit. 

Anno 729 . Beda claruit. 

Scptingentesimo [nonagesimo nono]. Karolus vadit Romam. 8oo°, Karolus 
ct Lodovicus imperatores perrexerunt in Britanniam. 

Anno Domini 1066. Obiit Edwardus rex Anglie. 

Anno 94 2°. Willelmus Dux Normannie occiditur. 

Nongentesimo. Obiit Edmundus rex martyrio. 

Nongentesimo 73 . Martirizatus Edwardus. 

Nongentesimo 89 . Obiit beatus Dunstanus. 

Anno Domini 1066. Obiit beatus Edwardus anno regni sui 24 : Alfredo 
fratre suo occiso per Godewinum comitem Cancie. Cum ergo sanctus Ed- 
wardus non potiorem heredem haberet Willelmo cognomento Bastardo duce 
Normannie, consobrino suo, eidem regnum Anglie testamento legavit. Hie 
Willelmus eodem anno, pridie ydus Octobris venit in Angliam, et interfecit 
Haraldum, filium Godewini, apud Hastings, et coronatur Londini, die Natali 
Domini. 

Anno Domini 1087. Obiit "Willelmus primus Bastardus, anno regni sui 21 . 
Cui eodem anno successit filius ejus Willelmus Rufus. 

Milesimo centesimo 3 . Hie Willelmus Rufus occiditur, dum iret venatum, 
anno regni sui 1 3 . Cui successit Henricus 1, qui bonas condidit leges in Anglia. 

1 106. Henricus Rex cepit Normanniam. Due Lune vise sunt in celo. 

1 133. Domus Clare- vallis fundatur. 

1 139. Monachi venerunt in Hiberniam. 

1152. Christanus legatus mittitur in Hiberniam, et distribuit 4 pallia, et 4 
archiepiscopatus constituit. 

1 153. Obiit beatus Bernardus. 

1 183. Anselmus eligitur in arcbiepiscopum Cantuariensem. 

1 153. Sanguis e terra emanavit, apud Hameste. 

• 109. Obiit Anselmus. Tamisia exsiccatur. 

1 1 20. Ordo Premonstratensium confirmatur. 

1 133. Malaehias fit archiepiscopus Ardmacanus. 

1 125. Obiit Henricus rex. Successit Stephanus. 

1 142. Constituitur abbacia Mellifontis. 

1 144. 



1 144. Puer Willelmus crucifigitur apud Norwych. 
1 148. Obiit Malachias Clarevallis. 

1 161. Thomas consecratur arcliiepiscopus Cantuariensis ; et anno 1165 
exulatur. 

1 169. Dermicius M c Morkada ad Henricum secundum transfretavit pro 
auxilio habendo. 

1 1 70. Henricus primogenltus Henrici 2, coronatur Londini a Roberto ar- 
chiepiscopo Eboracensi et sex aliis episeopis ; contra inhibicionem Alexandri 
pape iiii 1 ' et contra inhibitioneni Sancti Thome. Ex hac consecratione venit 
episcoporum anathematizatio a sede Apostollca. Inter patrem et filium conse- 
cratum dira rebellio. Thome occisio. Eodem anno scilicet 1 1 70, in estate pre- 
cedente Thome martirizationem, venerunt Anglici primo in Hiberniam. 

Versus : 
Anno mileno centeno septuageno, 

Anglorum primas corruit ense Thomas; 
Pro Christi sponsa, Christi sub tempore, Christi 
In templo, Christi verus amator obit. 
Milesimo centesimo 72 . Circa Kal. Maii obiit Dermicius M c Morkada apud 
Fernis. 

1 174. Limericum ab Anglicis occupatur. 

1 177. Vivianus legatus mittitur in Hiberniam; et Johannes de Curcy Ul- 
toniam acquisivit. 

1 183. Ordo Templariorum et Hospicilariorum confirmatur. 

1 185. Kal: Maii fuit eclipsis solis, sole existente colore sanguineo. Post 
eclipsim Johannes filius Henrici regis Anglie cum magno exercitu Hiberniam 
intravit, sibi a patre traditam, mense Maii. 

1 1 86. Ordo Cartueciensium, et Granduensium confirmatur. 

1 1 86. Hugo de Lacy occiditur. 

1 187. Jerusalem cum cruce Domini capitur a Saracenis. 

1 189. Henricus 2, filius Imperatricis obiit, pridie nonas Julii, cui successit 
filius ejus Ricardus magnanimus, coronatus 3 nonas Septembris. 

Anno 1 190. Ricardus rex Anglie et Philippus rex Francie vadunt in ter- 
rain sanctam. 

1 193. Ricardus rex Anglie capitur in Austria, in reditu suo ab Ierosolymis, 
et redemptus infra sequens triennium, pro C. M. libris. 

1 199. 



1 199. Idem Ricardus obiit, interfectus 4 Idus Aprilis. Cui successit fra- 
tcr ejus Joliannes, coronatus Westmonasterii in die Ascensionis, 5 Kal: Junii. 
1 204. Johannes de Curcy capitur a Hugone de Lacy. 

1 2 14. Intcrdictuni Anglie relaxatur. 

1 215. Concilium generale celebratur Rome ab Innocencio 3 , ubi conce- 
ditur Cisterciensibus nullas decimas dare. Et ordo Minorum confirmatur. 

1 2 16. Obiit Innocencius. Successit Honorius. Ordo Predicatorum con- 
firmatur. 

1 21 7. Hcnricus 3 coronatur. 

1 22 1. Predicatores intra verunt Angliam ; et obiit beatus Dominicus, fun- 
dator eorum. 

1226. Obiit beatus Franciscus, transactis 20 annis postquam adheserat 
pcrfecte consiliis ewangeliorum perfectionis. 

1228. Translacio beati Francisci. Et Jerusalem redditur christianis. 

1 23 1 . Obiit beatus Antonius, doctor de ordine ^linorum. 

1232. Translatio beati Antonii. 

1233. Edmundus fit archiepiscopus Cantuarie, et translatio beati Dominici. 
Et occiditur Ricardus comes Mariscalli Kyldarie in bello, per Geraldinos, locum 
et partem regis tenentes : 

Versus : 

Post incarnatum lapsis de Virgine natum 
Annis nongentis tribus triginta trecentis : 
In primo mensis Aprilis, Kildariensis 
Pugna die Sabbati fuit, in tristicia fati 
Acciderant stallo pugne comiti Mariscallo. 

Anno 1 240. Nascitur Edwardus primus filius Henrici iii d . Et obiit Ead- 
mundus arcniepiscopu3 Cantuariensis. 

1 24 1. Gregorius obiit, cui successit Alexander. Sedes Romana vacabat 
per biennium. 

1242. Willelmus de Marisco proditor tractus est London ad caudas equo- 
rum. 

1243. Obiit Hugo de Lacy, comes Ultonie; et Henricus rex Anglie in- 
travit Vasconiam. Obiit Geraldus filius Mauricii, et Ricardus de Burgo in 
Vasconia. 

1202. Fundatur domus de Conale per Meylerum filium Henrici. 

1220. 



1220. Obiit Meylerus Henrici, nobilis Hybernie conquestor. 

Versus : 
Indomitus domitor totius gentis Habere. 
1245. Innocentius papa deposuit Fredericum imperatorem in concilio Lug- 
dinensi, et obiit magister Alexander Halys, et magister Johannes de Rupella. 

1 25 1. Validus ventus fuit in Hibernia, idus Januarii. 

1252. Occiditur Sanctus Petrus de ordine Predicatorum, et obiit David 
archiepiscopus Casselensis. Successit David M c Karwyll ; et magna siccitas 
fuit; et Waterfordia eoniburitur. 

1248. Incepit guerra Mackanfy, et 1250 occiditur idem. 

1253. Obiit Robertus Grostete, episcopus Lincollniensis ; et Alanus Lys- 
moriensis. 

1254. Hybemia et Austria dantur Edwardo a patre suo Henrico. 

1255. Obiit Lucas Dublin archiepiscopus. Et 4000 in Wallia occiduntur. 

1257. Obiit dominus Mauricius filius Geraldi, justiciarius Hybernie, in 
habitu, et frater minor. 

1258. Quatuor fratres regis Anglie exulantur, et ceteri alienigene; 12 pares 
constituuntur in Anglia, quorum consilio Angha regeretur. 

1260. O'Neyl regulus Ultonie occiditur cum multo populo apud civitatem 
de Duno, dominica infra octavas Ascensionis, et Willelmus de Dene fit justi- 
ciarius Hibernie. 

1 26 1. Occiditur dominus Johannes filius Thome, et filius suus in Desmonia. 

1262. Obiit Ricardus de Clare, comes Gloucestrie. 

1264. Bellum de Lewys. Henricus rex capitur, cum filio suo Edwardo, 
et Ricardus frater ejus, et alii nobiles multi. Eodem anno guerra inter Geral- 
dinos, et Walterum de Burgo, comitem Ultonie ; et Mauricius filius Mauricii 
cepit apud Tristeldermot Ricardum de la Rokele justiciarium Hybernie, et 
Theobaldum le Botiller, et Johannem de Cogan, et carceribus de Leye et 
Donmaske mancipavit. 

1265. Edwardus evasit de custodia Symonis de Monte-forti. Et pridie 
nona3 Augusti bellum apud Evesam, ubi occiditur Symon de Monte-forti, et 
alii nobiles multi. 

1267. Predicatores ceperunt locum de Ros, et capitulum Minorum Kyl- 
kennie. 

1268. 



1 268. Karolus vicit Coradcllum impcratorem Grecorum. Item, dominu3 
Robcrtus de Ufford fit justiciarius Hibcrnie. Item, Mauricius filius Geraldi in 
mari submergitur, redeundo de Anglia, 5 Kal: Augusti. 

1269. Introitus fratrum in Clonmele. 

1270. Lodowicus rex Francie, et Edwardus rex Anglie vadunt in Terram 
Sanctarn ; Lodowicus in via moritur. Item, Walterus de Burgo vincitur a 
rcge Connaccie apud Alitkyppe ; multis nobilibus et militibus ex parte Walteri 
interemptis ; vix eo luge presidio] se salvante. Et Jacobus de Audele, fit 
justiciarius Hybernie. 

1 27 1. Facta est magna fames in Hibernia, et pestilentia gravis. Et obiit 
Walterus de Burgo comes Ultonie. Item, occisi sunt domini Nicholaus et Jo- 
hannes de Verdona. Obiit Fulco arehiepiscopus Dublin. Obiit Henricus iiij" 5 
rex Anglie, anno regni sui 56 ; et Edwardus filius ejus cepit regnare 5. Kal: 
Augusti. Locus Predicatorum de Yohil capitur. 

1272. Jacobus de Audele justiciarius occiditur in Totmonia. Item, Mauri- 
cius filius Mauricii fit justiciarius Hybernie. 

1274. Concilium generale apud Lugdunum celebratur a Gregorio x. Inter- 
fcctio Anglicorum apud Glandelory. 

1279. Nicholaus iiij U3 fecit declaracionem super regulam beati Francisci. 
In Yorellia terremotus magnus subvertens castra, et absorbens homines discor- 
des invicem bellantes. Obiit dominus David de Barry. 

1280. Obiit Nicholaus Papa. Et Stephanus episcopus Waterfordie de or- 
dine Hospitalariorum mutavit monetam. Captus fuit Dermitius M c Morkada. 
Obiit domina Margaria de Say, uxor domini Roberti de Ufford ; et combusta 
est Waterfordia. 

1 28 1. Occiditur Hogekyn 3VI C Gilpadricke. 

1282. Guerra inter Edwardum iiij. regem Anglie, etWalenses. Item, occisi 
Morkardaht et Art M c Morkarda. Capitulum apud Dundalke ; Matheus fit mi- 
nister Hybernie. 

1283. Fit guerra inter Edwardum iiij. et Wallenses ; et destructa est 
Wallia per eum, et occisus est Lewelyn princeps Wallie, et David frater ejus 
captus, et tractus cum equis. Item, combusta est Dublinia infra muros, in cras- 
tino Circumcisionis Domini. 

1284. Castrum de Leye perforatur per Hybernicos. Johannes de Sampford 
eligitur archiepiscopus Dublinie. Capitulum Minorum Dublinie in Pentecoste. 

iRisu arch. soc. C Item, 



lO 



Item, dominus Galfridus de Sancto Leodegario, episcopus Ossoriensis, acqui- 
sivit per duellum, manerium de Serrkeran. Item, dominus Emilues [Alplionsus] 
filius Edwardi iiij obiit. Item, obiit Karolus, qui fuit Gallicus, et filius ejus 
fuit incarceratus. 

1285. OccisusfuitWillelmusdeLarokele. Obiit Theobaldus Pincerna. Item, 
Geraldus filius Mauricii, (dictus Rochfalyaht) captus fuit a suis Hybernicis in 
Offaly, et detentus. Item, rex Philippus intravit regnum Arragonie, per pre- 
ceptum Pape. Dominus Willelmus Hacket, cum multis de suo genere occisus 
fuit ab Hibernicis. 

1286. 7 Idus Aprilis, id est Dominica Palmarum, Johannes de Sampford 
consecratur Dublinie in ecclesia Trinitatis. Item, Callan in Ossoria combusta 
est. Captus est Calvah apud Kildariam. 

1287. Mortuus est Geraldus filius Mauricii, capitaneus Geraldinorum ; he- 
reditatem suam dedit domino Johanni filio Thome, filio adwunculi sui; hie 
Johannes, primus de hac natione factus est comes Kildarie. Obiit dominus 
Thomas de Clare. 

1288. Dominus Johannes filius Thome amisit multos equos et garciones in 

Offaly. 

1290. Judei de Anglia exulantur. 

1 29 1. Capitulum Cork. 

1294. In festo beate Margarete virginis, fuit fulgur et corruscatio destruentes 
blada, unde provenit maxima caristia, qua multi fame perierunt. Item, eodem 
anno, ante festum Omnium Sanctorum, applicuit dominus Gilbertus de Clare, 
comes Gloucestrie, apud Ros. Item, eodem anno, dominus Johannes filius 
Thome dedit vadium super dominum Willelmum de Vescy, in principio mensis 
Aprilis, pugnandi in duello contra eum. Eodem die ad 40 annos occisus fuit 
Ricardus Mariscalli Kildarie. 

1294. Ricardus de Burgo comes Ultonie, captus fuit per Johannem filium 
Thome, sabbato ante festum Sancte Lucie virginis. 

1302. Circa festum Pentecostes, obiit Michaell Ossoriensis episcopus, cui 
successit Willelmus filius Johannis, consecratus Kylkennie, dominica infra oc- 
tavas Epiphanie, anno eodem. 

1303. Ricardus comes Ultonie Scotiam intravit. Obiit Geraldus, filius 
Johannia, filii Thome. 

1304. Abbacia beate Marie Dublinie et locus Predicatorum, cum suburbio 
illius comburuntur in festo Sancti Collumbe abbatis. 

l 3°S- 



II 

1305- O'Ccrakur, regulus de OfFaly, et Calvaht frater ejus, cum aliis 12 
melioribus illius nationis interficiuntur in domo domini Petri de Brimetrham, 
circa festum Trinitatis. 

1307. In crastino Purificationis Marie, capti fuerunt Templarii ubique. Obiit 
Ed. iiii. 7. die Julii. 

1308. Capitulum Minorum Kylkennie, in festo Baptiste. 

1309. Obiit frater Philippus de Norraht, feria 3 a ante Dominicam Palmarurn. 
Pullulabat secta Soraboitarum, presidente Clcmente Papa. Occiditur Mauri- 
cius Canteton et David suspensus. Dominus Johannes Bonevyl occiditur. 

13 10. Captus fuit dominus Willelmus de Burgo. Interfectus dominus 
Johannes de Crok, cum aliis multis in bello de Bonratte, in die Ascensionis 
Domini, omissis in prelio spoliis multis. Item, obiit dominus Johannes de Cosran. 

13 12. In festo Aniceti martyris, occiditur dominus Nicholaus de Aveneil, 
Patricius de Rupe, et Hibernici raulti, per dominum Nicholaum deVerdona, et 
burgenses de Dundalke, juxta Dundalke. 

13 1 1. Consilium generale celebratur Vienne per Clementem undecimum. 
Ordo Templariorum distruitur. 1 3 1 1 . Occiditur Philippus le Poer per Rupenses. 
Obiit Eustacius le Poer ante Pasca. Captus est Petrus de Caustona [Gavaston] 
per Baroniam et decapitatus, in festo nativitatis Baptiste. 

13 12. Capitulum Minorum de Yohil. Natus est Edwardus filius regis 
Edwardi 5. Et in sequent! Natali dominus Johannes filius Thome tenuit 
magnum, opulentum et pacificum festum apud A[«;]dayr, et fecit Nicholaum 
filium Mauricii de Kirrigia militem, et alios duos. 

13 13. Obiit dominus Johannes de Burgo filius Ricardi, circa Pentecosten. 
Capitulum generale Bare ..nono et dominus Edmundus Pincema tenuit Dublinie 
magnum festum in festo beati Michaelis, et fecit 30 milites. In octabis beati 
Francisci proximo sequentibus capitulum de Duno. Item, in Natali Domini 
sequenti proximo, dominus Mauricius filius Thome duxit ad domum uxorem 
suam Katerinam filiam Ricardi comitis Ultonie ; et fecit duos ibi milites Ed- 
mundus le Botiller. 

13 14. Moritur Clemens Papa xi [v]. Item, occiditur dominus Gilbertus de 
Clare comes Gloucestrie, dominus Robertus de Clifford, et alii multi nobiles, 
atque flos Anglie apud Strifling per Robertum le Bras et Scotos, in festo 
Johannis Baptiste. 

13 15. Commune parliamentum magnatum Hibernie apud Kilkenniam, pro 

C 2 auxilio 



12 

auxilio et consilio habendo contra Scotos in principio mensis Junii. Illo tem- 
pore applicuerunt Scoti in Ultonia, quibus adheserunt toto tempore suo quo 
fuerunt in Hibernia quasi omnes Hybernici terre, paucis valde fidem et fide- 
litatem servantibus. Eodem anno Seoti cum Hibernicis combusserunt Dondalk 
et locum Fratrum spoliarunt libris, pannis, calicibus, vestimentis, et multos 
occiderunt. 13 15. Strages magna Hybernicorum, sciHcet de O'Mmorchys, et ho- 
minibus illorum circiter 300 occiduntur juxta Balile than, in Epipliania Domini. 
Item, in crastino conversionis Sancti Pauli bellum de Skethrys inter Anglicos, 
ubi occiduntur de AngHcis tantum 5 ; de Scotis vero, circa 70. Ibi occubuit 
ille nobilis guerrator, Hamundus le Grasse, et dominus Willelmus Prindirgast 
et 3 alii tantum, Anglici tamen campum dimiserunt cum Scotis, quorum prin- 
ceps fuit Edwardus le Brus, ingerens se pro rege Hibernie, qui mala multa 
intulit hominibus pacem diligentibus. 

1 3 16. Dominus Johannes filius Thome, [et] Arnaldus le Poer, ad Edwardum 
5, in Angliam se transtulerunt, dantes obsides de fide et fidelitate servanda ; 
et rex dedit Johanni filio Thome comitatum Kildarie, Arnaldo alias terras, 
pro garisona. Item, dominus Willelmus Comyn cum duobus fratribus suis 
occiditur, circa festum Baptiste. Item, occiditur dominus Henricus Crok. Item, 
Johannes de Dene, Patricius Lercedekne, circa idem tempus. Item, eodem 
anno et tempore, scilicet circa octavas Baptiste, fit magna strages Hibernicorum 
juxta abbaciam de Balkynglas ; ubi circiter 300 occiduntur. Item, ex Scotis 
interficiuntur circiter 300 in Ultonia per Anglicos patrie. 

13 16. Magna caristia sabs in Hibernia, sic quod unus cranocus communiter 
vendebatur pro xl. solidis ; in aliquibus locis pro 4 marcis et ultra. Hoc anno 
omnes Hibernici fidem fedlssime et fidelitatem deserentes, ut communiter se ad 
guerram posuerunt. Item, eodem anno, in festo beati Laurencii martyris bel- 
lum de Ahtnery in Connaccia ; ubi interficiuntur de Hybernicis per Ricardum 
de Brimegham, dominum Willelmum de Burgo et ceteros Anglicos, multi 
reguli et nobiles, secundum communem relatum summa totalis, v . . . (here is a 
manifest erasure in the original) M. in uni verso, numerus capitum absciso- 
rum mille quingenta capita. Item, eodem anno circa Natale Domini, intravit 
dominus Robertus le Brus, qui se gessit pro rege Scotorum, Hyberniam trans- 
iens per totam terram de Ultonia, ubi applicuit, usque fere Lymericum ; com- 
burendo, occidendo, depredando, spoliando villas, castra et etiam ecclesias, 
eundo et redeundo. 



*3 

13 1 7. In Paschate, fuit magna congregatio magnatum Hibernie sub mon- 
tem de Loddyn juxta Lyinericum, contra Scotos ; Scotis ex opposito apud 
castrurn Conyl existentibus ; et facti fuerunt ibi de Anglicis 6 milites ; et in 
hyeme precedente dominus Rieardus de Clare tenuit magnam gardam apud 
Dernaht. 1317- Dominus Rogerus de Mortuo Mari justiciarius factus, applicuit 
in Pascha apud Yokel, cum militibus 38, exiens de navibus fecit 2 milites ; et 
applicans ad se dominum Johannem de Brimegham, dominum Nicholaum de 
Verdona, ejecit omnes de nacione et cognomine de Lacy ex Hybernia ; et coegit 
fugere ad Scotiam in estate. Et occiduntur juxta Pontensem civitatem multi 
de Ultonia ; quorum principalis fuit ubi de interfectis, Willelmus Savage. Hii 
autem et alii Ultonienses per Scotos extra patriam suam expulsi fuerunt ; et 
Scotos insequentes per Mediam, Legeniam et Momoniam, non minus quasi 
quam Scoti preter combustionem et interfectionem populo terre dampnum in- 
tulerunt. 

13 18. 7 Kal : Aprilis, canonizatur Lodowicus episcopus et confessor de 
ordine Minorum, arcliiepiscopus Tolosanus, filius et heres regis Cicilie, a Papa 
Johanne 22. Item, duo cardinales in Angliam mittuntur pro pace formanda 
inter Anglicos et Scotos, sed nil profecerunt. Item, eodem anno, dominus 
Willelmus filius Johannis, episcopus Ossoriensis, transfertur ad archiepiscopa- 
tum Casselensem ; cui substituitur frater Rieardus Leddrede, per Papam Johan- ' 
nem consecratus Avinnone ; ubi pro tunc degebat curia Romana, scilicet, 8°. 
Kal : Maii. Item, eodem anno x id est, 1318, a festo apostolorum Pbilippi et 
Jacobi usque autumpnum, fuit maxima caristia et fames, unde multi et innume- 
rabiles moriebantur ; nam cranocus frumenti ut communiter pro xx. solidis et 
amplius vendebatur. Item, Thomas Don, multarum navium depredator, sub- 
versor, et pirata crudelis de parte Scotorum, occisus est. 

13 17. Capitulum Waterfordie. Item, facta strages magna exercitus domini 
Edmundi Pincerne in Hibernia per Donatum O'Karwyll, ubi interficiuntur circa 
ducenti. Item, Rogerus de Mortuo Mari fecit Johannem Brimegham militem, 
et alios tres vel 4. 

13 1 8. 5. Idus Maii, occiditur dominus Rieardus de Clare per suos Hiber- 
nicos de Totmonia cum aliis 4 militibus, domino Thoma de Lesse, domino 
Henrico de Capella, dominis Jacobo et Johanne de Canteton, et aliis multis, 
die Jovis in mane. Item, Capitulum de Ros, in festo Bartholomei apostoli. 

Item, 



14 



Item in festo Michaelis proximo sequenti, applicuit Alexander Byggenorde 
Item, in res* r ; ust iciarii nomen et officiura habens 

iiiDemie. ncui, j • ,„ T?;j w «i.Whis le Brus (usurpans sibi nomen et 

QoKLnti mine occiclitur dominus JtLdwaraus it, uius v v 

Sabbati mane, occi Hibernie), apnd Dundalke, per Jolianncm de 

Tolonenses , ct Cfflola.ua Itan, _«»»*■ PP et ^ cir . 

(ffloknos, Petrus de Recheford et O ™ 

citer 80, de exercitu domini Arnaldi le foer, qui auc 

T„ Oceiditur Joannes filius Donati O'Morthe et ahi fratres sui pacis 
et pactum fidelium impugnato, Itetn, oceiditur donnnus Johannes le Bo- 
tiller ner satellites domini Wulelmi de Bnmegnam. 

'Jo Capitulum Kiidarie in festo Saneti Jacobi apostoh Item, occtteur 
, ! Video de la Frenc per Willelmum et Sylvestrem de JIansco et ceteros 

tSZ « £2£ volens sues et fideles patrie salvare, ne eos £-. 
rent • scilicet die Dominica infra octavas beata Martin, ep.scop. et coniessons. 
hem in preeedente fnit eongregatio pastorum diversarum terrarum versus 

T^ Sanctam, spe tamen frustrata, sine commodo our superv.xerant redie- 

rUDt ,„, Inter Edwardum ; regem Anglie et baroniam fuit maxima discordia, 

'for kloncm de Spenser, qui eontra eos fovebatur . et ipse Hugo per 

propter r±u G r ^„i aT1 *„ r c P d non diu exilium tenuerunt, 

baroniam cum sue patre « * fiho e*u k£* «* ™ ^ 

SrAndltdeBrimegbam. Item, capitulum de Clare ,»£. Bap £ 
fern dominus Johannes Brimegham fit justic.anus Hybemie. I em J ejlerns 
k Peer epiepus LehtUnensis "consecrates Waterfo.die, Dominica Palmarum 

PreC , C 3.o! e ineepit universitas Dublinie, university quoad nomen, sed utinam 

qu oad factum etrem.^ ^^ ^^ fc 

Cni, et in vigilia vigilie bead Martini episeopi et confessons, apud Bah^ 



vcran scpelitur. Item, erigitur novus chorus Kilkennie. Item, circa festum 
Omnium Sanctorum obiit Willelmus filius Mauricii de Canteton. Item, 1321, 
occisus est dominus Omfrey de Boun, comes Hei'fordie, die Sancti Patricii 
apud Burbrigs, cum 2 militibus, per dominum Andream Harcley, quern idem 
comes militcm fecerat ; volens Andreas ex hoc regi placere, et placuit ; quare 
rex eum comitem fecerat de Karlel, nee tamen commodum magnum reporta- 
vit ; quia infra 2 annos ipse fedus cum Scotis in secreto (ut dicitur), contraxit : 
et per regem Anglie tractus et suspensus est. Item, die Lune proximo sequente, 
in crastino Sancti Benedicti, decapitatus est dominus Thomas comes Lancastrie, 
Lcycestrie, Salisbirie et Lincolnie, ac Ferers, filius adwunculi domini res-is, et 
advunculus regis Francie, et regine Anglie, per regem Anglie et suos justicia- 
ries, ad instigacionem Hugonis de Spenser, cujus exilium ipse fecit et procu- 
ravit in communi parliamento Londoni. Item, in eadem quindena, dominus 
Rogerus de Clifford, dominus Johannes Mounbrey, dominus Bartholomeus de 
Baldismer, et alii milites et barones, circiter 26, de melioribus et potioribus 
Anghe, suspensi et tracti sunt ; alii vero multi nobiles, barones, milites et armi- 
geri capti in diversis carceribus Anglie retruduntur, et redimuntur multo precio 
pro voluntate regis. 

1322. In principio autumpni, obiit Ricardus de Brimegham, dominus de 
Ahtnery. Item, Willelmus filius Reginaldi Conteton (maximus malefactorum et ■ 
depredator), Dominica ante festum beati Michaelis occiditur. Item, Sabbato, 
in vigilia vigilie Sancti Luce ewangeliste occisi per O'Nolanis Andreas de Bri- 
megham, et dominus Kicholaus de Lande cum suis. Item, isto anno, in au- 
tumpno intravit Edwardus 5 Scotiam cum exercitu copioso valde, de quibus 
multa milia fame perierunt ; nee tamen an parum profecerunt ; sed redeundo 
captus dominus Johannes de Britannia, comes Richmondie. Item, circa Natale 
vendebatur cranocus de sale, xx s . et plus. Item, 1322, in die Palmarum apud 
Waterfordiam consecrantur Nicholaus Welyfed episcopus "Waterfordie, Johannes 
Lavnaht episcopus Lysmorensis, et episcopus Fynaborensis, eodem die et loco. 

1323. Feria 6. infra octavas Pasche, occisus est Philippus Talon cum filio 
et circiter 26 de O'Cod . . tanys per Edmundum le Botiller, rectorem de Tylaht 
et Cantitonenses, qui eos de ecclesia extraxerunt, et ecclesiam de Thalmolyn 
cum viris et mulieribus et pueris, et Sancti Molyng reliquiis combusserunt. 

Item, intra festum Assumptionis et Nativitatis Virginis, captus fuit 

Mac Mor[Wa] et Henricus O'Nolan interfectus, et alii circa 24, per dominum 

Henricum 



i6 

Henricum Traliarne, et alios de Valle. Item, in vigilia ad Winculorum Sancti 
Petri proximo precedente, dominus Rogerus de Mortuo Man evasit de carcere 
turris Londonii. 1323. Consecratum est altare magnum Fratrum Minorum Kil- 
kennie. Ipso die, scilicet, 3 . Idus Januarii, deposissio domini Roberti Scor- 
thals. Item, in purificatione beate Marie applicuit dominus Johannes Darcv 
justiciarius Hibernie, apud Dubliniam. Item in lxx a - mortuus est dominus 
Willelmus de Burgo junior. Item, in vigilia Benedicti abbatis, interficiuntur de 
Hibernicis et malefactoribus de Yi[r]lett circiter 200 per dominium Robertum, 
filium Mathei Caunteton. 

1324. Circa Pentecosten obiit in Scotia dominus AValterus de Lacy, de Hv- 
bernia exulatus. Item, circa festuni Baptiste obiit dominus Eymerus de Va- 
lencia comes Penbroclii in Vasconia. Item, obiit Johannes primogenitus domini 
Thome comitis Kyldarie in Anglia, regi datus pro obside. Item, eodem anno, 
scilicet 1324 die Lune in festo Processi et Martiani martyrum, domina Alicia 
Kyteler, propter sortilegia diversa et heresim multimodam, et sacrificia denio- 
nibus immolata, per fratrem Ricardum episcopum Ossoriensem, est heretica 
judicata, probata et condemnata ; presentibus domino Johanne Darcy justi- 
ciario Hybernie, Priore de Kylmaynan, Cancellario, Thesaurario, et Arnaldo 
le Poer, senescallo Kylkennie, hoc videntibus. Item, circa translationem 
Sancti Thome martyris occiditur dominus Walterus de Valle cum filio suo, per 
illos de cognomine de Crok, juxta Nenaht Ybreyn. Item, in crastino Anima- 
. rum, anno eodem, mulier quedam Petronilla de Midia dicta de secta et doc- 
trina predicte domine Alicie superius memorate, fuit de heresi, sortilesrio et 
sacrificio demonibus immolato condemnata et igni tradita et combusta. A re- 
tro autem actis temporibus non est visum vel auditum, quod quispiam pro heresi 
penam mortis sustineret in Hibernia ante ipsam. Prima hec omnium secundum 
hominum memoriam tunc viventium et relatum, non dico quam sit quia in hoc 
facinore primo peccavit, sed quia primo passa est mortis justum judicium prop- 
ter heresim. Item, eodem anno circa festum Leonardi abbatis, mortuus est 
dominus Johannes filius Thome, frater domini Mauricii filii Thome. Miles iste 
juvenis juvenum consilio ut plurimum constipatus, ductus et seductus, a proge- 
nitorum ejus militia et vestigiis degenerans, pacis extitit non propugnator nee 
defensor, sed expugnator. Item, hoc anno, scilicet 1324, fuit pestis gravis 
bourn et vaccarum, in multis locis Hibernie. Item, eodem anno ante Katale, 
Arnoldus le Poer tunc senescallus Kilkennie, cum aliis de comitatu eodem 

tenuit 



'7 

tenuit ma^nara gardam apud Ynistyoke contra Rupenses, et eos fortlter obsessit, 
et obsides coegit reddere de pace et fidelitate amodo tenenda. Item, eodem 

anno die Jovis in octavis Sancti Hilarii, "SYillelmus Owtlau 

de heresi irretitus, et notorie defamatus, et in purgacione deficiens, in ecclesia 
beate Virginis Kilkennie, heresim publice abjnravit ; professionem novam legens, 
et manu propria conscribens. Item, Dominica precedente, obiit frater David, 
Prior de Inystyoke, vir venerabilis ac honorabilis multorum jndicio apud Deum 
et homines. 

Item, anno Domini 1325, occiditur Dermieius OgeM c Karthy rex Desmonie, 
per Willelmum filium Nicholai filii Mauricii, apud Traly. 1325, fuit discordia 
ut communiter inter religiosos pauperes Hybernie quasi omnes, quidam eorum 
nacionis sue et sanguinis et lingue partem tenentes et foventes ac promo- 
ventes ; alii prelacionis et superioritatis officia ambientes. 1325, die Lune in 
festo beati Dominici confessoris, occisus fuit dominus Johannes de Barry de 
Hely, miles strenuus et frequenter probatus in armis, per O'Carwyllis. 1325, 
die dominico in crastino octav : Sancti Laurentii occiditur Dovenaldus DufF 
M c Gilpadricke per suos consanguineos, sed prodiciose. Item, eodem anno Jo- 
hannes de Brimegham, et Thomas le Botiller collegerunt exercitum super 
O'Carwyll ; qui hoc anno vix reliquit domum, castrum aut villam in Elycar- 
wyll, inter Anglicos et pacis amatores, quin combussit et destruxit. 1325, m 
Pentecoste, capitulum generale celebratum Lugduni ; ubi loca de Cork, Boton, 
Lymyric et Tartdart aufer[un]tur ab Hybernicis fratribus, et Anglicis, et quinta 
custodia assignatur, cum ante tantum fuissent 4 custodie. Item, eodem anno 
feria quinta in crastino sanctorum martyrum Dionisii &c. ; occiditur Willelmus, 
fdius Ricardi le Butiller, cum multis aliis in Totmonia. Item, eodem anno, 
circa festum Sancti Thome apostoli Bren O'Bren, vallatus auxilio Anglicorum 
de Ely, cepit magnam predam in Ossoria, in confinio de Slesblanie, et super 
Athbo et Admacart ; et interfecerunt fideles Anglicos circa defensionem bono- 
rum suorum. Item, eodem anno die Lune in festo Epiphanie, in sero fuit 
ventus validissimus et tempestas prosternens domos et edificia, denudans eccle- 
sias et monasteria, frangens et evellens radicitus arbores et campanilia multa, 
dispergens tassos bladorum et horrea. Eodem die Dublinie fuerunt facta duo 
milites de ordine Hospitalariorum. 

Item, anno 1326, in festo apostolorum Philippi et Jacobi (quod accidit die 
Ascensionis), occiditur per O'Carwillis, dominus Matheus de Mylborne, miles 

irisu arch. soc. D probus 



probus et prudcns, nacione Anglicus, sed usu loquendi Gallicus, Gallicum tantum 
loquens. Annus autem iste siccus fuit ultra modum Hybernie consuetum ; sic 
quod in yeme quasi parum pluvie fuit, in vere estate et autumpno quasi 
nichil, tanta fuit siccitas et tantus calor, quod fontes et magni rivuli (ubi sem- 
per emanabant aque copiose) penitus siccabantur. 

Anno 1326. Die Martis ante festum Petri adVincula, obiit dominus Ricardus 
de Burgo comes Ultonie et dominus Connaccie, apud Atliyssell ; miles prudens, 
facetus, dives et sapiens, plenus dierum ; de isto communiter fuit dictum, quod 
filias ejus nobiliter graciose et excellenter maritavit ; nam, unam Roberto de Brus, 
qui tunc preerat regno Scotorum ; alteram comiti Glovernie ; tertiam comiti Kyl- 
darie ; quartara comiti de Lowht ; quintam domino Mauricio filio Thome ; sex- 
tam sed seniorem domino Thome de Multon maritavit ; filium filii sui reliquit 
heredem Willelmum Johannis de Burgo filii sui et filie comitis Glovernie. Item, 
eodem anno die Lune in crastino Exaltacionis, obiit dominus Willelmus rilius 
Johannis, quondam episcopus Ossoriensis ; sed postmodum in archie piscopurn 
Cassellensem translatus ; vir potens et dives, ac venerabilis in populo et in clero. 
Item, eodem die occisi fuerunt de hominibus de Cathyrlaht et patria ilia circiter 
80, per O'Morchys. 1326. viii° Kal: Octobris, applicuit domina Isabella regina 
Ano-licorum cum filio suo Edwardo primogenito, de Francia, et vallata auxilio 
comitis Hanaudie, et domini Rogeri de Mortuo Mari ; ceperunt Hugonem de 
Spenser comitem "Wyntonie apud Bristollum, et eum ibi judicialiter fecerunt 
trahi, suspendi et decapitari, in quindena beati Michaelis. Et in vigilia beate 
Katarine virginis eodem anno, dominum Hugonem de Spenser juniorem, qui 
filiam duxerat et heredem comitis Glovernie ; et eum apud Herefordiam simili 
pena cum patre suo occiderunt, et eum trahi fecerunt, suspendi et decapitari, 
et membratim dividi, et quarteria sua ad 4 Anglie angulos transmiserunt, 
capud mittentes Londoniam pro spectaculo. Item, eodem tempore, dominus 
Walterus Stapleton, episcopus Exoniensis, et thesaurarius Anglie, Londoniis est 
decapitatus per cives, quia erat de parte secta et consilio Dispensatorum, qui 
nitebantur reginam et filium ejus destruere (postea regem), et de terra delere, 
ut dicebatur. Item, anno eodem, in communi parliamento Londonii circa Epi- 
phaniam deponitur Edwardus quintus communi assensu cleri et populi, cui 
successit Edwardus vi us filius ejus, 16 annorum ; coronatus Londonii Domi- 
nica in vigilia Purificationis beate virginis, anno Domini 1326. Obiit autem 
iste depositus Edwardus in castro de Bercley detcntus, in festo sanctorum mar- 

tyrum 



*9 

tyrum Eustacii et sociorum ejii3 proximo post ejus depositionem et sepultus est 
apud Gloveruiam. 

Item, anno 1327, in festo Sancte Trinitatis, oeciditur Symon Purcyl, tunc 
in officio vicecomitis Kylkennie, per O'Brennanis, et alii cum eo fere 20. 1327, 
Dominica scilicet prima de Adventu, et in vigilia beati Andree apostoli, com- 
busta est villa et fere tota baronia de Kenlys in Ossoria, per dominum Willel- 
mum de Brimegham et Geraldinos, homines, scilicet, domini Mauricii filii 
Thome; et illo die ad octo dies combustum et destructum fuit Grasiscastel, cum 
toto territorio in circuitu ; et fuit guerra sevissima inter Geraldinos, Brimeg- 
hamys et sua[m] sequela[m] ex parte una, contra Poerinos et illos de Burgo 
ex parte altera. Tunc unanimiter contra Poerinos insurrexerunt Geraldini, Bri- 

me<*hamys sua potentia et illi de Valle, et de Sancto Albino, et 

Ketyngys, cum multis aliis nacionibus, et multos Poerinorurn occiderunt, et 
fere omnes eorum terras combusserunt et destruxerunt. 

1328. Feria 3 a post Pascha, Nonas scilicet Aprilis, obiit dominus Thomas 
filius Johannis, comes Kildarie, justiciarius tunc Hibernie, apud Maynoht. 
• Item, die Martis pridie Idus Aprilis anno eodem, oeciditur apud Bargum, Wil- 
lelmus filius Johannis de Rupe, cum aliis malefactoribus, hominibus et consan- 
guineis suis, de loco Predicatorum extractis. Item 1 1 Kal : ejusdem mensis et 
anni, oeciditur Petrus Poer, filius et heres baronis de Donhulle, cum aliis de 
cognomine suo circa 12, per familiam domini Mauricii filii Thome ; et illo die 
oeciditur dominus Johannes filius Geraldi, in eodem conflictu. Item, eodem 
anno, 5 Kal : Junii, in vigilia Trinitatis obiit dominus Willelmua de Sancto 
Leode»ario. 1328, capitur et oeciditur in vigilia vigilie beati Mathei apostoli 
Johannes filius Benedicti le Poer, dominus de Rahtgormocke et Kylmydan, per 
Cantitonenses ; et cito post obierunt Katerina filia Mauricii, uxor ejusdem, et 
heres eorum, apud Ros. 

1327. Romani, cum Lodowyco duce Bavarie in Imperatorem electum. — 
[Original hath a blank here — in margine.~] 

1328. Edwardus rex Anglic (post conquestum) tercius, fecit fratrem suum 
(Johannem de Eltam dictum), comitem Cornubie, dominum Rogerum de Mortuo 
Mari, comitem Marchie, et dominum Jacobum le Botiller, comitem Ermonie. 
Item, 1328, circa festum Michaelis, Willelmus de Burgo comes Ultonie, in 
Anglia educatus, cum Matilda uxore ejus, filia domini Henrici comitis Lancas- 
trie, et consanguinea ipsius, ex dispensacione curie disponsati, quia erant in 

Dz 3° 



20 



3° et 4° gradu affinitatis, venerunt ad Hiberniam ; liic erat filius Johannis de 
Burgo, filii Ricardi, et Elizabcthe, filie Gilberti de Clare ; eui tertia pars terra- 
rum comitis Glovernie competebat, ex parte matris sue ipsius Elizabethe. 

1328. Dominica in crastino Agnetis secundo, obiit dominus Johannes le 
Poer, baro de Dunhulle. Item, eodem anno scilicet ultimo die Februarii, die 
Martis, combustum est Cumbyr, per dominum Willelmum de Brimegham. 

1328. 2 Idus Martii, die scilicet Martis ante festum Patricii, obiit Dublinie 
dominus Arnaldus le Poer. 

1329. Die Veneris in festo Tiburcii et Susanne combustum fuit DrumhyT- 
thvr in viuilia vigilie Palmarum, per O'Brenanys ; et die Lune post, per Do- 
natura M e Gilpatrick, combusta patria de Moyarfe et spoliata. 

1329. Die Lune in vigilia Brandani abbatis, occiduntur per Rupenses et 
P»;irren?es Jacobus filius Roberti filii Jacobi Ketyng, cum aliis de suo cogno- 
niine ; dominus Philippus Hoddinnet, Hugo Canteton, cum multis de sanguine 
eorum, circiter 140, tarn de sanguine, quam de familia eorum. 

1329. In vigilia Pentecostes, et beati Barnabe apostoli, dominus Johannes 
de Brimefrhara, comes de Lowht occiditur, contra eum conspiraverunt omnes de 
comitatu suo, nolentes eum regnare super eos ; concilium fecerunt in unum, et 
in multitudine magna armatorum congregati, nulli de familia ejus parcentes, eum 
cum 160 et amplius, cum 2 fratribus ejus, et de cognomine ipsius circa novem 
interfecerunt. In ista strage et eodem die Cam O'Kayrwill, famosus ille timpa- 
nista et cytharista, in arte sua fenix, ea pollens prerogativa et virtute, cum aliis 

tympanistis discipulis ejus circiter 20 ibidem occubuit. Iste vocatus 

Cam O'Kayrwyll, quia luscus erat nee habebat oculos rectos, sed oblique respi- 
ciens, et si non fuerat artis musice cordalis primus inventor, omnium tamen 
predecessorum et prccedentium ipsum, ac contemporaneorum, corrector, doctor 
et director extitit. Item in vigilia vigilie Columbe abbatis obiit Robertus de 
Brus rex Scotorum, in armis strenuus, in bellicis negotiis doctus et expertus ; 
ndgari et communi relatu, in liiis vix in orbe parem habens. Item, eodem anno 
in crastino Johannis et Pauli, die scilicet Martis, occiduntur per Poerinos, Gilber- 
ts etRemundus de Valle, Robertus O'Xeyle, cum aliis quasi Item, eodem 

anno, Dominica in crastino Magdalene, occiditur Malahtlyng O'Konkour, non 
marte sed arte prodiciosa, per Malmorthe filium fratris sui, cujus patrem quoque 
pnncipem de Offaly (ut regnaret) exulavit, cujus et filium Dermoyd Oge, et in- 
terficientis se fratrem, occiderat prodiciose, et sic ars deluditur arte. Item, eodem 

die 



21 

die occiduntur de O'Dymyscy circiter 200. post mortem ipsius Malahtlyn pa- 
triam ut earn spoliarent intrantes, et in eodem die, ibidem occiduntur de 
O'Donyn septemdecim. 

1329. In prima hebdomada August!, Breyn O'Breyn villas de Athyssell et 
Tyberary combussit, atque totam patriam in circuitu vastavit spoliavit et de- 
struxit. Item, Sabbato ante festum Laurencii, occiditur per O'Nolanys, David 
le Botiller, juxta Catliyrlaht. 

1329. Circa festum Sancti Petri ad Vincula, obiit Londoniis Johannes 
M c Carwyll, primo episcopus Corcagiensis, postea Midensis, postremo factus 
archiepiscopus Casselensis, de Curia Romana rediens. Item, va eodem anno, 
dominus Jacobus pincerna Hibernie, per Edwardum Anglie regem post Nor- 
mannorum conquestum tertium, factus est comes Ormonie cat . Et dominus 
Mauricius filius Thome per eundem, eodem anno, Desmonie comes est creatus. 
Item, eodem anno, in vigilia bead Laurencii martyris, dominus Thomas le Bo- 
tiller cum aliis circiter 1 00 per M c Hokegan juxta Molingar occiditur. Item, 
eodem anno, i4Kal: Augusti, Breyn O'Breyn apud Yrlef, interfecit de exercitu 
Willelmi de Burgo comitis Ultonie, Walterum filium Hillarii de Burgo, Konkur 
O'Breyn, Nicholaum M c Nemare, cum aliis nobilibus de Totmonia. Item, 
eodem anno, Dominica ante festum Mathei apostoli, sole existente in Libra, 
castrum de Leye captum est per O'Dymyscy. Item, eodem anno die Martis, in 
viailia Cicilie vinrinis, dominus Henricus Traharne, et Laurencius frater domini 
Jacobi le Botiller, per O'Nolan sunt capti ; ob quam rem dominus Jacobus pin- 
cerna collecto nobili exercitu, die Jovis in crastino Lucie virginis, et die Veneris 
sequente, terras eorum, et patriam fere totaliter ignis combustione vastavit. 

1329. Idus Martii, captus est Eadmundus comes Cantii ; et in crastino Ed- 
wardi regis et martyris decapitatus est apud Wincestriam, objecta sibi proditione, 
scilicet quod regem capere et occidere niteretur, ut dicebant. 

1330. In festo Philippi et Jacobi occiditur dominus Jacobus Beufo, cum 
aliis fidelibus plebanis circiter 120, per Breyn O'Breyn. Item, die Lune in 
vigilia vigilie bcati Alexi confessoris, anno eodem fuit eclypsis solis ; et illo tem- 
pore, dominus Willelmus de Burgo comes Ultonie collegit exercitum copiosum 
Ultoniensium et Connactenensium ; et dominus Jacobus le Botiller suura exer- 
citum [duxit] super Breyn O'Breyn ; eo quod eorum terras et patriam distrux- 
isset. Qui omnes parum profecerunt contra cum ilia vice ; sed sine magno lucro 
vel dampno, dedecore vel honore ad sua sunt reversi. Item, die Mercurii sequenti 

in 



22 

in vigilia vigilie beate Margarete virginis, in predicts congrcgatione, juxta 
Moyalby, idem comes Ultonie fecit Walterum de Brimeghain, et alium de sua 
familia milites. Dominus Wakerus, dominum Ricardum de la Rokcl, ct domi- 
num Gilbertum de Brimegham ; et comes Hermonie fecit dominos Eadmundum 
le Botiller, Ilubertum et Patricium Travers milites ; et dominus Willelmus de 
Brimegham, fecit dominos Joliannem de Sancto Albino, et Johannem Monsel 
milites eodem tempore et loco. Item, eodem anno, natus est Henricus primo- 
genitus regis Edwardi tertii post conquestum ; [et postea, mutato nomine Ed- 
wardus appellatur, iste Edwardus fuit pater regis Richardi, qui Richardus primo 
vocabatur Johannes, — in margined Item, eodem anno, Dominica in festo Yitalis 
et Agricole, occiditur apud Kilkenniam, Donatus filius Galfridi M c Gilpatrike. 
Item, in die Martis scquenti, in festo Sancti Leonardi natus est Johannes pri- 
mogenitus Jacobi le Botiller, comitis Ormonie, apud Athur. Item, anno eodem, 
Dominica in festo beate Katerine, fuit vehemens ventus et liorribilis ; et Domi- 
nica in vigilia nativitatis Domini ventus consimilis, qui tassos dispersit, domos 
distruxit, et mala multa fecit. Iste annus fuit omnibus hominibus contrarius et 
cliarus ; et multi fame perierunt. Nam cranocus frumenti in hyeme, viarca 
vendebatur, et ultra ; sed propter bladum de partibus extraneis, partem ultra 
valuit in estate ; a Mayo usque Februarium fuit humidus, pluviosus nimis et 
ventosus, ita ut estas et autumpnus in hyemalem tempestatem fere videbatur 
converti. Item in vigilia Circumcisionis, Ricardus O'Nolan, in campanili mo- 
nachorum de Dowsky fuit obsessus, et filium suum in obsidem dare compulsus 
est. Item, anno eodem, morti damnatur R. de Mortuo Man comes Marchie, 
ante Natale Domini. Item, obiit Walterus le Rede, archiepiscopus Cassellensis, 
et Robertus de Brimegham, [circa Purificationem, — in margined] Item, anno 
eodem, ante Dominicam Annunciationis, dominus Thomas de Dene capitur per 
Hibernicos, et vulneratur, aliquibus de familia sua peremptis ; et ipse, die Jovis 
in crastino Sancti Aniceti pape et martyris sequenti, de vulnere accepto obiit. 
Item, circa idem tempus, occiduntur duo filii domini David Beket, per satellites 
domini Willelmi de Brimegham. 

133 1. Die Lune in crastino Tiburcii et Valeriani, occiduntur de Mac Mor- 
chada et O'Brynnys juxta Weysfordiam, per illos de patria ilia, plusquam ducenti. 

1 33 1. Die Mercurii in vigilia beate Marthe [beati Marci] ewangeliste, occi- 
duntur per O'Thohyl, dominus Philippus le Brit, et filius ejus, et unus templa- 
rius de Geraldinis, et alii valentes Anglici de patria, circiter 30. Item, eodem 

anno, 



2 3 

anno, die Mercurii infra octavas Pentecostes Willelmus Haket apud Yorlvs, cum 
aliis de patria interficerunt de hominibus Breyn O'Breyn, et aliis Hibemicis circi- 
ter 50, ct ipse idem Willelmus eodem die et loco occiditur. Item, eodem anno, do- 
minus "Willelmus de Bvimegham cum sua familia occupavit tenuit et mansit in 
sylva monacliorum de Dowsky in estate, et ibidem dominus Eustatliius le Poer 
die Mercurii in festo Gervasii et Prothasii desponsavit filiam Johannis de Brime- 
gham, comitis de Lowht ; et Sabbato proximo sequenti, interfecti sunt 9 de 
Rupensibus ; inter quos interfectus fuit David filius David filii Alexandri de 

Fermoy et alii cum eis 19. Et captus est rilius Georgii de Rupe, 

gener domini Willelmi Brimegliam de nupciis versus Fernegylan redeundo. 
Eodem anno venit dominus Antonius de Lucy, justiciarius in Hyberniam, circa 
festum Trinitatis. Item, circa idem tempus obiit Ricardus filius Thome, filius 
et heres comitis Kyldarie, etatis circiter 15 annorum. Item, eodem anno, in 
vigilia Alexandri confessoris, satellites Willelmi de Brimegliam cum Cantitonen- 
sibus et Hibemicis, 24 homines de villa Thome et Jeriponte occiderunt, et mala 
multa in patria ilia fecerunt isto anno. Item, eodem anno, scilicet 133 1, Mau- 
ricius filius Thome comes Desmonie, et Willelmus de Brimeo-ham die Lune, 
in festo Benedicti confessoris, pacem cum predicto Antonio justiciario, pro 
guerra sua fecerunt et tactis Evangeliis et Sanctorum reliquiis, ac Christi corpore 
adducto, juraverunt pacem et fidelitatem domino regi et populo de cetero ser-- 
vare. Multi etiam de secta eorum hoc tempore pacem gravi redemptione com- 
paraverunt. Ubi proclamatum fuit, quod nulla de cetero pro morte Anglic i 
redemptio et pax concederetur. Eodem die juxta Balligaveran occiduntur et 
capiuntur Cantonenses. Item, isto anno, circa festum Johannis Baptiste projecti 
sunt ad terram in portu Dublinie, juxta villain, multi et grandes pisces marini, 
. . . . et innumerabiles, quot non vidit etas hominum in Hibernia tunc viventium ; 
erant in longitudine 40 pedum, quidam 30 ; ita quod quidam illorum vix nee 
virtute hominum, vel robore jumentorum de loco train poterant; et tante erant 
quidam altitudinis, ut duobus hominibus longis circa unum piscem stantibus, ex 
una et altera parte ventris [neuter] alterum videre poterat. Item, anno eodem, 
dominus Mauricius filius Thome, infra quindenam post pacem sibi concessam 
per eundem justiciarium, apud Limiricum est captus, et in custodia sua de- 
tentus ; et vi. Kal. Martii apud Clonmele capiuntur per eundem domini Wil- 
lelmus et Walterus Brimegliam. 

1 33 1. Die Lune in festo beati Hillarionis abbatis, occiditur Ricardus filius 

Philippi 



24 

Philippi O'Nolan, per Pinccrnam et suos consanguineos. Item, eodem anno, 
die Veneris, in festo beate Cecilie virginis, per dominum Nicholaum Waterfor- 
densem episcopum, confectum [consecratum ?] est novum cimiterium extra 
ecclesiam Fratrum Minorum Kylkenie. 

Item, 1 33 1, circa festum Omnium Sanctorum, obiit Dublinie, Katerina de 
Burgo, uxor Mauricii filii Thome. Item, eodem anno, circa festum Lucie vir- 
ginis, occiditur Jordanus Caunteton et alii de cognomine suo, per Brein de 
Nathyrlah. Item, hoc anno, dominus Willelmus de Burgo comes Ultonie cepit 
et incarceravit Walterum de Burgo et fratres ejus, in castro de Knockfergus. 
Item, eodem anno, natus est Jacobus, filivis Jacobi le Botiller apud Kylkenniam, 
in festo beati Francisci. 

1332. Cecidit campanile Sancti Kannici, Kylkennie, et magna pars chori, 
vestibulum capellarum, et campanas, et meremium confregit, die Veneris, 1 1 
Kal : Junii ; unde horribile et miserabile spectaculum erat contuentibus. 

1332. Antonius de Lucy, justiciarius, in crastino Trinitatis collecto exercitu 
castrum de Clonmore reparavit et renovavit ; et in principio autumpni imme- 
diate sequentis, castrum de Arclo reedificavit. Item, eodem anno, in festo Pii 
pape, die Sabbati Dublinie suspenditur dominus Willelmus de Brimegham, 
miles strenuus et bellicosus, miles audax et inperteritus. Eodem vero tem- 
pore, castrum de Bonrat (quod multorum judicio inexpugnabile videbatur) ; 
per O'Brein et M c Nemare destruitur. 

1332. Fuit guerra inter Edwardum de Bayloyle et Scotos ; et multi Scoto- 
rum, per ipsum et Anglicos sunt interfecti. Item, eodem anno, obiit in carcere 
Walterus de Burgo. Item, isto anno, post festum Omnium Sanctorum, comes 
Ormonie et Geraldini et [B«]rgudini, cum populo communi guerram habue- 
runt, contra Bren O'Bren ; et multos de suis occiderunt valde, et magnas predas 
ab eo et suis ceperunt. 

1333. In principio mensis Junii, Scanlei M c Gylpatrick prodiciose, post 
multa et itcrata sacramcnta super diversis libris, et sanctorum multiplicibus re- 
liquiis, duos filios Fynyn ]\I C Gylpatricke avunculi sui cepit et interfecit ; et 
tercium exoculavit et castravit. Item, eodem anno, sexto die Julii in octabis 
Trinitatis, Willelmus de Burgo, comes Ultonie dominusque Connactie, juxta 
Cnokfergus per suos armigeros (in quibus confidebat), prodiciose occiditur. 
Hujus autem sceleris autores erant, Johannes de Logan, Robertus filius Ricardi 
Mandevyle, Robertus filius Martini Mandevyle, qui tamen breve et momenta- 

neum 



2 5 

ncum ex hoc solacium sunt consequti ; nam Hibernlcis se jungentes (qui semper 
Anjilicorum et fidelium persecutoribus receptores amici et defensores esse so- 
lent), infra menses duos, per Joliannem de Mandcvyle et paucos de patria, 
ccc. et amplius uno die occiduntur. Hoc malum, ut assolet, per mulierem, 
scilicet Gyle de Burgo, uxorem domini Ricardi de Mandevyle dicebatur perpe- 
tratum ; eo quod fratrem ejus Walterum de Burgo, et alios incarceravit. Hie 
comes subtilissimi erat ingenii, reipublice et pacis amator, 20 annorum etatis, 
nnicam et unius anni filiam relinquens lieredem. Item, feria quinta post 
octabas Trinitatis, tempore parliamenti occiditur apud Dubliniam Muxkyht 
Nicol Otliothyl, cum in turma et inter multitudinem ambularet, occisore in- 
cognito clam fugente, et in turba latitante ; et hoc Dei justo judicio, qui 
multos male ipse fideles occiderat ante. 

Item, comissa sunt multa dira bella inter Anglicos et Scotos ; ubi et multa 
milia Scotorum sunt occisa, duce Anglicorum Edwardo de Bayllol, qui plus 
nominis in hiis expedicionibus habuit quam facti, qui Scotiam sibi jure vendi- 
cavit hereditario, David filio regis Roberti Brus (qui vivente patre rex Scotie 
coronatur) in Norwangia fugiente ; Scotis ad insulas remotas, sed fuge presidio 
se tuentibus. Item, eodem anno, die Sabbati in crastino Sancti Reraigii epis- 
copi occiditur Galfridus de la Frene (qui heredem de Obargi, Johannam Pur- 
cel duxerat in uxorem), per O'Morthys de Slemargys. Et die Veneris -se- 
quenti fit miles Thomas Cantewel, apud Yrlef per Jacobum le Botiller. Item, 
circa Epiphaniam, apud Tyberary occiditur Willemms Carraght O'Bren, de 
Nathyrlaght ; homo perversus et malus, male vixit, malo fine vitam finivit, 
semper in insidiis, semper in furtis, semper in spoliis et homicidiis vivens. 
Item, pridie Non : Marcii, Dominica quarta, scilicet, xl e . obiit frater Adam 
de Callan, gardianus de Ros, vir gratiosus et dilectus, qui xxiiij. annis continue 
fuit gardianus apud Ros. 

1334. In festo Tibertii et Valeriani, inceperunt Burgeoses Kylkennie pavi- 
mentum Kylkennie facere, scilicet, die Jovis. Item, die Dominico in vigilia 
beati Marci ewangeliste, Thomas Fanyn intravit castrum de Moytobyr, et occu- 
pavit ; ejectis inde hominibus domini Eustachii le Poer et exclusis. Et pro 
castn defensione, eadem ebdomada occiderunt castri custodes, Remundum et 
David de Angulo, et Thomam Roht-Grasse ; et Sabbato sequenti compulsi sunt 
reddere castrum Jacobo comiti Ermonie tanquam domino comitatus, et in 
manu media, donee discuteretur quis pinguius jus haberet. 

irish arch. soc. E Item, 



26 

Item, Kal : Augusti David films David de Barry, dominus dc Olethan 

in Desmonia, per Donatum Carbraht M c Karthey capitur, interfectis c. de homi- 
nibus suis ipso die. Item, Sabbato in vigilia beati Augustini, dominus Jo- 
hannes de Sancto Albino, doniinus de Carney, per filios Walteri de Sancto 
Albino (in quibus confidebat), in capella propria occiditur prodiciose. Item, 
circa Epiphaniam, Guydo Canteton, propter multa mala sua opera, que ab pue- 
ritia gessit inique, rapinas, scilicet, sacrilegia, depredaciones, incendia et homi- 
cidia, Dublinie patibulo patris sui hereditatem invite suscepit ; et in eodem 
ligno cum patre suo vitam finivit. Item, in ebdomada ante Purificationem per 
viii. dies fuit nix magna, animalibus multum nociva, sed hoininibus plus in- 
festa et mala, ut quosdam ex eis (ut ita dicam) incendio occidit ; multos muti- 
lavit, infinitos graviter et plus solito inflacione pedum, pena et vulneribus 
afflixit ; molendina, gurgites et pontes ex glaciei dissolucione confrecrit et de- 
struxit. Hec hominum passio, occisio et mutilacio fuit die Martis, scilicet ulti- 
mo die Januarii, et maxime propter leporum venacionem. 

1335. Die Jo vis in crastino Invencionis Sancte Crucis, occiditur dominus 
Remundus le Ercedekne, cum duobus filiis suis Patricio et Silvestro, dominus 
Willelmus le Ercedekne et de illo cognomine xi. per Levath O'Morthe, filios 
et familiam suam in parliamento apud Clar-Goly ; et Thomas de Bathe, Geral- 
dus Bagot, et alii, usque circiter quinquaginta. Hie Remundus cum duobus 
primogenitis ejus, et domino Willelmo avunculo suo, et aliis tribus de corrno- 
mine eorum, in septem feretris simul et continue per villam Kilkennie, cum 
multorum planctu ad locum Fratrum JNIinorum deferuntur tumulandi. Item, 
dominus Jacobus comes Ermonie, et dominus Mauricius filius Thome comes 
Desmonie, et alii nobiles Hibernie, duce eorum Johanne Darcy tunc justiciario 
Hibernie, post assumpcionem Marie, Scotiam intraverunt cum lvi. navibus ; 
et spoliatis, combustis et subjugatis insulis de Aron et Bote, ac obsidibus ac- 
ceptis, indempnes ad Hiberniam sunt reversi. Pro isto autem passagio, de 
carucata qualibet pacifica Hibernie, dabantur duo solidi, a clero decima bono- 
rum suorum,acivitatibus et villis magnis,subsidium competens ad regis rogatum ; 
sic ne in consequenciam vel consuetudinem ducei'etur. Item, eodem tempore 
occiditur dominus David Beket, per O'Brynnys. Item, die Mercurii in octabis 
beati Francisci, dominus Jacobus comes Ermonie intravit terras O'Brynnis de 
DufFyr, spoliavit et combussit, et fecit ibidem Fulconem de la Frene militem ; 
et dominus Fulco fecit dominos Gregorium de la Launde, et Matheum filium 

Oliveri 



2 7 

Oliveri milites ipso die et loco. Item, die Jovis, in die Animaram, capmntur 
per O'Kanvillys, dominus Ricardus de Slaveys, dominus Robertus Travers, et 
dominus Robertus films David ; occiditur Johannes le Brit cum aliis. 

Item, die Jovis, in crastino Lucie virginis, erecta magna crux in medio fori 
Kilkennie ; hoc tempore multi ad crucem volantes, crucis signo cum ferro 
candenti super nudam carnem sunt signati, ut in Terrain Sanctam vadant. 
Item, die Mercurii in octabis beati Johannis apostoli, dominus Mauricius filius 
Thome comes Desmonie, fecit vii. mihtes juxta Greyn, in expedicione super 
Bren O'Bren. Item, dominus Alexander Bigenor, archiepiscopus Dublinie 
incepit diocesim Ossorie visitare, que a xl. annis ante per nullum metropolita- 
num ordinarie fuerat visitata ; scihcet, die Lune in festo beati Vincencii. 

1336. Die Jovis, iii. Idus Aprilis, occiditur magister Howelus de Bathe, 
archidiaconus Ossorie (vir literatus et largus), cum Andrea Avenel, et xVdam 
de Bathe, per O'Bryinys de Duffyr, circa defensionem bonorum ecclesie, et 
parochie sue. Item, tercio die Junii, dominus Jacobus comes Ermonie contulit 
Fratribus Minoribus castrum suum et locum de Carrig. Item, die Sabbati, in 
vigilia beati Johannis Baptiste, Brien O'Bryn combussit villam et ecclesiam de 
Tyberary, cum hominibus et mulieribus. Item, die Sabbati in festo apostolorum 
Petri et Pauli, ingressus fratrum primus in locum de Carrig ; fratre Stephano 
de Barry ministro ; fratre Willelmo Nasse custode, et fratre Clyn, primo tunc 
gardiano. Item, in estate ilia fuit guerra inter dominum Fulconem de la 
Frene, tenentem et foventem partem Anglicorum Ossorie, et Leysaght O'Morthe ; 
que ortum habuit ex morte domini Remundi Lercedekne et suorum ; nam idem 
O'Morthe omnes Hibemicos communiter totius Momonie et Lagcnie, suasio- 
nibus, promissionibus et muneribus alexit ad guerram ; solum autem Scanlan 
M c Gilpatricke et Herry O'Ryan partem tenebant Anglicorum et pacis. Item, 
eadem estate in vigilia beati Jacobi appostoli occiditur dominus Mathias filius 
Henrici, et alii de comitatu Weysefordie fideles, circiter cc. per M c Morcada, 
et O'Brynns. Item, die Lune in crastino nativitatis Marie, fuit bellum et duel- 
lum assirmatum, inter cotmatos domini Johannis de Sancto Albino, et filios 
Walteri de Sancto Albino ; nam ambe partes domino Justiciario manuceperunt 
ipso die pugnare ; sed filii Walteri finem et exitum prodicionis sue timentes et 
vincdictam, pugnare renuerunt. Item, xiiii. Kal: Decembris, Walterus Oge de 
Sancto Albino, per Johannem de Recheford interficitur, et filios ejus. Item, in 
vigilia vigilie beati Andree appostoli, occiduntur Johannes Cumcy et Thomas de 

E 2 Sancto 






28 

Sancto Albino, per filios Walteri de Sancto Albino. Item, die Lune in festo 
Fabiani et Sebastiani, Jacobus le Botiller apud Roscre fecit Johannem de 
Recheford et Galfridum Schorthalis rnilites. 

1337. Dominica de passione, scilicet viij . Idus Aprilis, consecratur Mauri- 
cius de Rocheford episcopus Lymerici, apud Lymericum. Item, die Lune in 
crastino beati Lawrencii, miles efficitur Henricus de Valle per Pincernam in 
expedicione super O'Brynnis, apud Arclo. Item, die Martis in festo Kalixti 
pape, applicuit Dublinie dominus Johannes Scliarlyngton justiciarius Hibernie, 
cum germano suo, domino Thoma Herefordensi episcopo, cancellario, etWallicis 
circiter cc. sagittariis. Item, eodem anno, obiit apud Baligaveran, dominus 
Jacobus le Botiller, primus comes Hermonie ; vir liberalis et amicabilis, facetus 
et decorus, in flore juventutis nos emarcuit xii. Kal : Marcii, die Martis in sero. 
Item, anno Domini 1338, dominus Eustachius le Poer in vigilia Assensionis 
Domini, tunc senescliallus Xilkennie, attacliiavit et incarceravit dominum 
Fulconem et Oliverum de la Frene, nulla eis ostensa causa capcionis ; qui 
timentes potius malitiam ejus et vincdictam, quam justitie rigorem ; Oliverus 
die Assensionis prudenter de castro evasit, et in crastino congregatis liominibus 
et amicis eorum, cum manu valida portas castri Kilkennye confregerunt et do- 
minum Fulconem inde, invito senescallo, eduxerunt. Item, eodem anno in 
festo Baptiste Edwardus tercius post conquestum Anglie, cum magno exercitu 
regni sui, et preter ilios, cum aliis centum millibus, et xli. millibus (ut nuncii 

referunt), contra regem Francorum, Alemaine partes intravit. Item, 

ultimo die Augusti, comes Desmonie fecit xiiij. milites apud Ralitvmegan. 
Item, die Mercurii, scilicet Nonas Oetobris, Poterini [sic] post juramenta et diem 
captum inter eos, et dominum Walterum de Valle, cum esset tunc vicecomes 
Tyberarie, redeundo de comitatu tento apud Clomele extra villain, eum cum 
xiii. de sanguine et familia sua occiderunt. Item, die Sancti Martini in sero 
fuit ventus validissimus et tempestas horribilis. Item, die Martis, scilicet xv. 
Kal: Decembris, fuit maxima inundancia aque, qualis a xl ta . annis ante non 
est visa ; que pontes, molendina et edificia funditus evertit et asportavit ; solum 
altare magnum et gradus altaris de tota abbacia Fratrum Minorum Kilkennie, 
aqua non attigit nee cooperuit. 

Hie annus fuit tempestuosus nimis et nocivus liominibus et animalibus ; quia 
a festo Omnium Sanctorum usque Pascha, ut plurimum fuit pluvia, nix, aut 
gelu, a festo Andree usque Vincencii festum cessabant aratra propter nivem et 

2elu. 



2 9 

gelu, que illo tempore quasi continue habundabant. Sal comrnuniter, pro xvi. 
vel xx. solidis vendebatur ; propter regum discordiarn Anglie et Francie. Hoc 
anno boves et vacce moriebantur, et oves precipue, fere sunt destructe; ita ut 
juxta communem loquelam, vix septima pars ovium a peste evasit, sed agnorum 
major interitus. Item, in hoc anno in quadragesima, salices in Anglia rosas pro- 
tulerunt, que ad diversas terras pro spectaculo sunt advecte. Item, circa festura 
Magdalene, Anglici super Hibernicos Desmonie, scilicet, M c Karthy, magnum 
stratageme fecerunt, et statim post, super O'Dymiscy fuit facta magna occisio. 
Item, in principio autumpni, Mauricius filius Thome, Desmonie tunc comes, 
Clonmele et Kylkyban, a "Willimo [sic] de Grandissono [emit], mille et centum 
marcis. Item, die Veneris in vigilia vigilie Assumpcionis, occiditur per O'Nolan- 
nis Laurencius le Botiller, frater comitis Ermonie. Item, die Lune in vigilia beati 
Mathei apostoli occiditur Johannes filius Johannis de Sancto Albino (per filium 
Walteri de Sancto Albino), et alii sex cum eo. Item, anno eodem dominus 
Mauricius filius Xicholai, per Mauricium filium Thome comitem tunc Desmonie 
capitur et incarceratur ; et infra octabas beati Francisci, in carcere, in dieta in- 
clusus moritur. 

1340. In platea Kilkenie occiditur Robertus Conton, die Veneris infra oc- 
tabas Pasche. Item, die Jovis proximo post, occiditur Raynyl, soror M c Gil- 
patricke, per Rechefordis. Item, Kalendis Maii, passagium omnium navium 
indifTerentur conceditur per regem, et concilium suum ville de Ros, ad instan- 
tiam, et laborem, et diligenciam Radulplii Meyleri. Item, hoc anno in festo 
Baptiste, rex Anglie cum exercitu suo, classem navium regis Francie cepit et 
destruxit, et multa milia hominum in eis inventorum sdadio occidit et submer- 
sit, et regnum Francie intravit, debellando, occidendo et comburendo, in tantum 
quod Anglie et Francie simul regem se vocari fecit et scribi in omnibus causis, 
placitis et Uteris suis. Item, die Veneris, scilicet iiij t0 die Augusti, occiduntur 
per M c Morcada et O'Nolan, cixciter xxiiij. homines de Balygaveran. Isto anno 
sal vendebatur xvi. solidis. Item, die Martis in crastino beate Agathe virginis 
obiit frater Rogerus Owtlaw, prior Hospitalis in Hibernia apud Any, tunc lo- 
cum justiciarii tenens; et etiam cancellarius domini Regis, trium simul functus 
officio. Vir prudens et graciosus, qui multas possessiones, ecclesias et redditus 
ordini suo adquisivit sua industria, et regis Anglie gratia speciali et licentia. 

1342. Parum ante Natale Domini obiit Leysart O'Morthe, a proprio servo 
in ebrietate occisus vir potens, dives et locuples, et in gente sua honoratus. Hie 

fere 



3° 

fere omncs Anglicos de terns suis et hereditate violenter ejecit, nam uno sero, 
viii castra Anglicorura combussit; et castrum nobile de Dunmaske doraini Ro- 
geri de Mortuo Mari destruxit, et dominium sibi patrie usurpavit ; de servo 
dominus, de subjecto princeps effectus. Item, xvi die Marcii miles efficitur 
Ricardus filius Remimdi le Ercedekne in Desmonia, a Mauricio filio Thome 
comitis Desmonie ; et ipse Ricardus fecit eodem die tres milites ; et Willelmus 
Grant illo tempore fecit Johannem le Ercedekne militem. 

1343. Fit novum campanile ecclesie beate Marie Kilkennie. Item, in Pen- 
tecoste celebratur capitulum generale apud Marciliam. Item, obiit in festo Vin- 
cencii martiris dominus rex Robertus, rex Jerusalem et Cecilie, vir Celebris et 
famosus, vir sapiens et sanctus, in habitu Fratrum Minorum Neapolim sepultus. 
Item, destruuntur et prosternuntur per Hibernicos Castrum Viride in Ultonia, et 
Castrum Kevini archiepiscopi Dublinie. 

1344. xiij. die Julii applicuit Dublinie dominus Radulphus de Ufford, justi- 
ciarius Hibernie, cum uxore sua Matilda comitissa Ultonie, filia comitis Lancas- 
trie ; cum pul[ch]ra comitiva sagittariorum et aliorum armatorum, et militum. 
die Martis, 3 Idus Julii. Hie terras M c Morkada in O'Kensely, et blada Hyber- 
nicorum patrie combussit, et obsides de pace tenenda dare compulsit. Item, in 
eodem anno combusta est villa de Mondcsseyl, et tota patria de Cumscy integre, 
et molestores de cognomine de Sancto Albino inde sunt expulsi ; nee -domus 
ibi dimissa in qua possent habitare, per dominum Fulconem de la Frene, tunc 
senescballum Kilkennie, imediate ante et post nativitatem Domini. Item, in 
xl a , dominus Radulphus Dufford justiciarius Hibernie, Ultoniam intravit cum 
manu valida, et passagium de Ymerdoylan reparavit, et meabile fecit ; ejecto 
Thoma M c Arthan rege patrie, interfectis quibusdam de hominibus dire ; et 
Uenricum O'Neyl, regem Ultonie deposuit a regno, substituto O'Done O'Xevl 
pro eo ; et sic cum laude et triumpho revertitur. Item, in festo Cathedre 
Petri, fuit parliamentum factum apud Callan, et, quare nescio, ad quod venit 
Mauricius filius Thome cum multis millibus hominum, ad quod credidit maj ores 
terre ad eum venisse ; sed rex timens talia conventicula suspecta, et potius ma- 
lum quam bonum ex hoc evenire, per breve regis prohibitum est omnibus ne 
venirent. Et per hoc majores terre predicto Mauricio se excusabant, sed domi 
manserunt. Item, filii Walteri de Sancto Albino utramque villam de Colalit 
combusserunt, et patriam spoliaverunt, multos fideles occiderunt, gravia dampna 
fidelibus patrie inferentes. Item, corpus Joseph ab Arimathia Glosconie dicitur 

hoc 



3 1 

hoc anno esse inventura. Item, fit novus rex Insularum, per Clementem quin- 
tum in Curia Romana. 

1345. Circa Pascha obierunt doraini Mauricius Geraldi, et Geraldus de 
Roclieford. Item, Poerini combusserunt quasi totam patriam circa "Waterfor- 
diam, destruxerunt et spoliaverunt ; et ex hoc quidam eorum fuerunt suspensi, 
tracti, et in quarteria divisi apud Waterf'ordiam. Item, in festo Baptiste, Mau- 
ricius comes tunc Desmonie castrum de Menalit cum multis milibus obsessit et 
impugnavit, sed non expugnavit, nee obtinuit ; frustratus a proposito revertitur. 
Item, capitulum apud Clan, in quo quatuor tantum custodie assignantur ; et loca 
Kilkenie et Ros de custodia, Dublinie assignantur. Item, obiit dominus Jo- 
hannes O'Grada, archicpiscopusCasselensis ; cuisuccessitfraterRadulphusO'Kally. 
Item, obiit dominus Henricus, comes Lancastrie ; vir venerabilis, potens et bo- 
nus. Item, guerra inter Radulphum de Ufford, justiciarium Hibernie, et Mau- 
ricium filium Thome, comitem Desmonie ; et justiciarius eura tenia suis, 
scilicet, Clomele, Kylsylan, Kysekyl, Oconyl, Kyrigan et Desmonia privavit: 
bona sua, predia ejus, dominia et possessiones ad opus et manum regis confis- 
cando ; et majores nacionis et dominii comitis obsides regi de fidelitate et sub- 
jectione regi servanda et facienda reddere fecit et coegit ; et multi eorum pacem 
regis, et cartam pro vita et terris suis habendis magna et gravi redempcione 
comparaverunt et habuerunt. Item, occiduntur per M c Dermada, dominus Ro- 
bertus de Barry, et Philippus de Prendergast, partem regis et justiciarii tenen- 
tes, contra generum suum ; nam, dominus Robertus germanam comitis, dominus 
autem Philippus flliam germane ejus duxerant in uxores. Item, castrum comitis 
predicti de Yniskysty, per justiciarium et suos obsessum, die Veneris (in festo 
Ieronimi doctoris) est expugnatum et optentum. Item, die Veneris, xii. Kal : 
Novembris, in festo Hillarionis abbatis, cum grand! exercitu Lageniensium, 
Momoniensium et Connactencium, Castrum Insule, (quod vulgi judicio vix erat 
expugnabile), ipse justiciarius ipsum castrum ab ipso et exercitu ante ad quin- 
denam obsessum invasit et expugnavit ; et tunc primo in hac expedicione et 
anno, vexillo regis erecto, extenso et elevato, Castrum Insule invaserunt, con- 
fregerunt, cum manu valida et fortitudine intruerunt [sic], et inde enim Johannem 
Coteres [Coterel?], comitis senescallium (qui multas graves, extraneas, et intolera- 
biles leges dicebatur exercuisse, tenuisse et invenisse), die Sabbati incrastino ju- 
dicialiter trahi fecit justiciarius, suspendi, decapitari, interiora ejus comburi et 
membratim dividi, quarteria ejus ob memoriam tyranidis sue ad diversa loca pro- 

vincie 



3 2 

vincie mitti mandavit, ad exemplum alionim ; et dominus Eustachius le Poer, 
et Willclmus le Grant, castram contra regem et justiciarium tenentes, eodem 
die de castro educti, die Lime proxima sequente in eodem loco tracti et suspensi 
sunt ; et terre eorum in mamun regis capte et forisfacte sunt. Item, die Sabbati 
in crastino CalLxti pape occiditur in parliamento a suis consanguineis Tir Hal- 
waht O'Konkur, rex Conactie, ex discordia orta inter eos, una cum sagitta pro- 
jecta ad interitum ad comunem populura, eum in genu percussit, statim interiit, 
aliis illesis omnibus permanentibus. Item, in festo Innocencium, Hibernici de 
Slebanie combusserunt Bordgwyl, et Robertum le Gras et alios Anglicos occi- 
derunt; et ipso die Carwill M c Gilpatricke patrie princeps, occiditur. Item, 
circa festum Annunciacionis Virginis, dominus Johannes de Weyr, comes Ox- 
onie in Connactia cum suis de Britannia reddiens, tempestate et vi ventorum 
depulsi sunt, dejecti, et inter Hibernicos applicuerunt ; qui spoliaverunt eos bo- 
nis suis, equis et armis, graves insultus inferentes, et cum eis gravi et impan m- 
sultu pugnantes ; qui de naufragio seminudi vix evaserunt. Eodem tempore 
dominus Henricus Skrope in Desmonia de Brytania veniens, tempestate depul- 
sus applicuit ; tamen inter fideles, qui nil ei mali fecerunt. 

Item, anno 1346, quinto Idus Aprilis, et Dominica Palmarum, obiit apud 
Kylmaynam, dominus Radulfus de Ufford, justiciarius Hibernie, delatus postea 
ad Angliam sepeliendus. Item, in vigilia precedenti, obiit in castro Dublinie 
dominus Mauricius filius Philippi, per justiciarium ante captus, et in carcere 
detentus ; vir dapsilis et liberalis, licet non multum dives aut potens. Item, 
parum post Pascha, dominus Johannes de Karrev castrum de Balymotha (quod 
alio nomine de Clcrevoyse dicebatur), renovavit et reparavit, et gardam pro cus- 
todia loci apposuit. Item, hoc tempore universaliter omnes Hibernici Lagenie 
ad guerram contra Anglicos et pacificos se posuerunt ; comburentes, spoliantes 
et occidentes quos poterant ; non parcentes ecclesiis, aut locis sacratis vel sacris, 
imo ecclesias et cimiteria variis in locis spoliaverunt et combusserunt ; sicut ec- 
clesiam de Duleke, et Fynnowyr, et Clodaht, et cetera. Item, occiditur Dermi- 
cius O'Dymiscy, per Robertum filium Mauricii militem, feria sexta infra octabas 
Pasche. Item", in ebdomada post Dominicam in Albis, castra de Ley, Kylme- 
hyde, et Balylethan capiuntur et franguntur per O'Morthe, O'Konkur, et O'Dy- 
miscy, die Jo-vis in crastino Sancte Crucis. Item, die Veneris iii° Nonas Maii, 
Dermicius M c Gilpatrick monoculus, qui semper insidiis et prodicionibus inten- 
dere consuevit, perjuriaque parvi pendens villam de Athebo combussit, associato 

sibi 



sibi O'Kayrwyll, et secum ducto, et in cimiterium et ecclesiam, ac Sancti Can- 
nici abbatis viri sanctissimi, patroni patrie et loci f undatoris, scrinium cum ossa- 
mentis et reliqiiiis ejus igne crudelissimo, (tanquam degener filius in patrem) 
crudeliter deseviens, igne crudelissimo combussit et consumpsit. Iste annus 
sterilis fuit et carus, nam cranocus frumenti xii. solidis vendebatur. Item, circa 
festum Baptiste occiduntur de hominibus Ergalie et Dundalke cccc. per Hiber- 
nicos. Item, illo tempore venit dominus Walterus de Bermegham justiciarius 
Hibernie. Item, occiditur dominus Johannes filius Georgii de Rupe per Ketyn- 
gis et Hodinetis. Item, baronia et dominium de Kenlis que fuit domini Eus- 
tachii le Poer domino Waltero de Bermegham, et terra domini Willelmi le 
Grant domino Fulconi de la Frene (que regi in eschaetam acciderant) per 
regem eis assignantur. Item, Sabbato in festo beate Marthe virginis, Rogerus 
de la Frene, tunc vicecomes Kilkennie cepit magnam predam super Carwyl 
M c Gillepatiicke, et super homines ejus, qualem in partibus illis raro captam 
meminit homo a multis annis. Edwardus rex Anglie post conquestum 
tercius, regnum Francie intravit et commissis diris preliis et multis multos 
Francos trucidavit, regem Boemie et regem Majoricarum occidit, duces et 
comites xxv., archiepiscopos de Sannes et de Noynn, et episcopos et abbates 
multos, priorem etiam hospitalis Franncie, dominos magnos, barones et milites 
nominatos plus quam ij. milia occidit in bello, xxvi . die Augusti, gentes ar- - 
morum xxv. milia, alios armatos xxx. milia, pedestres absque numero inter- 
fecit. Item, die Martis in vigilia Sancti Luce ewangeliste capitur David le Brus 
rex Scotorum, et comes de Fyf atque Willelmus de Douglas, et occiduntur de 
Scotis apud Dunelmiam ij. milia per archiepiscopum Eboracensem, dominum de 
Percy, dominum de Moubrey et dominum de Neyvil. Item, Sabbato in crastino 
nativitatis beate Marie occiditur per dominum Fulconem de la Frene Thadeus 
filius Roderici O'Carwyi princeps de Elycanvyl, vir potens, locuplex et dives et 
bellicosus precipuus Anglicorum et fidelium inimicus et persecutor ; hie occidit, 
exulavit et ejecitde terris suis de Elycanvyl illos de nacione de Barry, de Mil- 
leborne, de Britis et alios Anglicos de patria, et terras eorum et castra tenuit et 
occupavit, omnibus fidelibus vicinis gravis tirranus existens. Eodem die per eun- 
dem capitur Rury filius O'Morthe ; occiditur Nicholaus le Gras. Item, in hyeme 
ilia fuit oruerra inter Anglicos, videlicet, W. Bermegham comitem Kildarie, et 
CVMorthe et O'Dymiscy, et terras eorum invaserunt et combusserunt, paucos 
tamen homines occiderunt. Item, eodem tempore obiit Adam Northampton 
iRiSHARCH.soc.NO.il. F episcopus 



34 

episcopus Ferncnsis. Item, circa festum dementis occiduntur de O'Dymiscy 
xxx. homines per duos, Thomara Wogan et Walterum Lenfant apud Ardscol. 
Item, maszister Hugo de Saltu, Dominica de passione in episcopum Fernensem 
Dublinie consecratur. 

1-347. Dominica Palmarum et die Annunciationis beate Marie, dominus 
Nicholaus de Verdona apud Droukeda cum magno apparatu et solempni funere 
et multorum procerum conventu honorifice sepelitur. 

Item, eodem die apud Kylkenniam humo domina Isabella Palmer traditur, 
que frontem cliori fratrum erigi fecit, laudabili senio vitam transegit, hac in vi- 
duitate religiose et honorifice vixit annis circiter lxx., et in virginitate ut dice- 
batur et creditur de hoc seculo migravit. Item, Mauricius filius Thome comes 
Kyldarie et dominus Fulco de la Frene, per regem vocati et invitati, Franciam 
intraverunt pro obsidione Calisie, que duravit a nativitate beate Marie prece- 
dente usque ad festum Sancti Laurencii martins, et tunc post multos insultus et 
diram famem atque incredibilem compulsi sunt Gallici claves civitatis et seipsos 
grade regis Anglie submittere. Item, reediricatur villa de Thagmolingis per Wal- 
terum Bermeghamtunc justiciariumHibernie. Item, capitur Karolus deBloysdux 
Britannie in Britannia per dominum Thomam Dagworht circa festum Baptiste. 
Item, Fratres Predicatores Hibernie impetraverunt relaxacionem et licentiam 
carnes comedendi ad ext% a domino Papa Clemente VP. quam ab exordio sue 
religionis ante non habuerant, Item, in festo vii. Fratrum, obiit Rogerus de la 
Frene tunc senescallus Kilkennie, juvenis validus, prudens et discretus, qui ut 
putabatur ad magna et ardua ascendisset nisi morte prematura preventus fuisset. 
Item, fit magna discordia, contraversia et sedicio inter cives Bristollie. Item, 
incepit confraternitas Fratrum Minorum Kilkennie pro campanili novo en- 
gendo et ecclesia reparanda, dominica prima adventus Domini. Item, die Vene- 
ris in crastino beati Nicholai obiit Oliverus de la Frene in officio seneschallie 
Kilkennie, vir probus, modestus et prudens. Item, in nataliciis Domini, Dome- 
naldus O'Kenidy filius Philippi, facta conspiracione Hibernicorum Momonie, 
Connactie, Midie et Lagenie, villam de Nenaght, et totam patriam et omnia 
castra Ermonie preter castrum de Nenaght combussit et destruxit ; qui feria 
sexta post festum Annunciacionis beate Marie per Purcelles cum principe sue 
nacionis captus est et incarceratus, et iiij t0 . Non: Junii judicialiter suspensus est 
et tractus cum filio Breyn O'Breyn apud Thurlis ad caudas equorum, anno sci- 
licet 1348. Item, undecimo dieNovembris comitatus Ermonie et regalitas ejus 

Jacobo 



' * 






























35 1586770 

Jacobo le Bottiller juniori per regem conceduntur. Item, Hugo de Calce cleri- 
cus Pape et collector et exactor fisci Dublinie in festo Patricii occiditur. Item, 
frater Ricardus episcopus Ossoriensis in curia Romana optinuit exempcionem 
a jurisdiccione et superioritate archiepiscopi Dublinie. Item, frater Forte- 
narrus Vassali minister generalis assumitur ad archiepiscopatum Ravenarum. 
Item, die Martis scilicet iij. Nonis Junii Dovenaldus M c Morkadaet Murcardaht 
Kevanaht per suos consanguineos in prodicione occiduntur, viri bellatores versi- 
pelles et pacis ac pacificorum impugnatores graves, ob quorum morte venit pax 
ad tempus, quievit populus pacificus, et cultura crevit. Item, fit novus tribunus 
in Romana civitate qui dixit se velle Romam et Ytaliam et rempublicam repa- 
rare in melius et resarcire, cujus officii et dignitatis titulus talis erat ; Nicholaus 
severus et clemens libertatis pacis justicie tribunus, sacre Romane reipublice 
liberator illustris, liberator urbis, zelator Italie, amator orbis, et Augustus. 

1348. In mense Julii et Augusti, dominus Fulco de la Frene habens curam et 
custodiam terrarum comitis Ermonie, ipso comite in Anglia commorante, tenuit 
magnam gardam apud Nenaht, et reduxit abjectos, revocavit ad propria fideles 
exulatos, muros confractos et diruptos per Hibernicos per ipsos reparari fecit et 
coegit, et cum magna multacione et gravi redempcione vaccarum et obsidum 
deliberacione, ad statum primum et subjectionem debitam (quod omnibus vide- 
batur fieri non posse) compulit redire. Item, obiit Laurencius de Hastingis 
comes Penbrochie. Item, hoc anno et maxime mense Septembri et Octobri 
convenerunt undique de diversis partibus Hibernie, episcopi et prelati, viri ec- 
clesiastici et religiosi, magnates et alii, et comuniter ornnes utriusque sexus ad 
peregrinacionem et vadacionem aque de Thaht-Molyngis, turmatim et in multi- 
tudine, sic ut multa milia hominum simul illuc multis diebus convenire videres, 
quidam venerunt devocionis afFectu, alii (sed plures) pestilencie metu, que tunc 
nimis invaluit, que primo juxta Dubliniam apud Howht [Dalkey — in margine] 
et Drovda incepit, ipsas civitates Dubliniam et Drovhda fere destruxit et vastavit 
incolis et hominibus. Ita ut in Dublinia tantum, a principio Augusti usque 
nativitatem Domini xiiij. milia hominum mortui sunt, hec pestilencia ab 
oriente ut dicebatur incepit, et per incredulos et Saracenos transiens, de eis octo 
milia legiones hominum interfecit. Item, in provincia, Avinione civitate ubi 
tunc Romana viguit et fuit curia, a Januario precedent! incepit, tempore Cle- 
ruentis Pape VI. ubi et ibi ecclesie et cimiteria civitatis non sufficiebant capere 
mortuorum corpora tumulanda. Et dominus ipse papa ordinavit unum cimi- 

F 2 terium 



36 

terium novum consccrari, in quo mortui ex clade pestilencie interfecti reconde- 
rentur Ita ut a mense Mail usque Sancti Thome translacionem quinqua- 
ginta milia et eo amplius corpora sunt sepulta in eodcm cimiteno. De ista pes- 
tilencia facta est visio mirabilis (ut dicebatur) anno precedent! scilicet 1347, 
in clau.tro Ci«terciensium Tripolis, sub hac forma; quidam monachus celebravit 
missam coram abbate suo, uno ministro presente, et inter ablucionem et commu- 
nionem misse apparuit quedam manus scribens super corporale in quo predictus 
monachus confecerat. « Cedrus alta Libani succendetur et ibidem Tnpoks de- 
struetur et Aeon capietur, et marchionatus mundum superabit, et baturnus msi- 
diabitur Jovi, et vespertilio fugabit ducem ab in. vi. Infra xv. annos ent una 
fides et unus Deus, et altere evanescent, filii Ierosolomitanx a captmtate libera- 
buntur, cens quedam nascetur sine capite; ve in clero et stenlitate navicula 
Petri iactabitur vallidis fluctibus sed evadet et dominabitur m fine dierum. In 
mundo erunt multa prelia et strages magne, et fames vallide, hommum morta- 
litas per loca, regnorum mutaciones, et terra Barbarorum convertetur, ordines 
mendicantes certe quam plures adversabuntur ; bestia oriental* et leo occiden- 
talis universum mundum suo subjugabunt imperio ; et pax ent m toto orbe 
terrarum; et copia fructuum per xv. annos. Tunc passagium ent commune ab 
omnibus fidelibus ultra aquas congregatas adTerram Sanctam. Et civitas Jeru- 
salem alorificabitur; et sepulchrum Domini ab omnibus honorabitur ; in tanta 
tranqumitate nova audientur de Antechristo. Vigilate." Non est au&tum a prin- 
ciple seculi tot homines pestilencia, fame aut quacunque infirmitate tanto tem- 
pore mortuos in orbe; nam terre motus, qui per miliaria multa se extendebat, 
civitates villas et castra subvertebat absorbuit et subversit; pestis ista villas, 
civitates castra et oppida homine habitatore omnino privavit, ut vix esset qui in 
^ t ista pe^ilencia sic erat contagiosa quod tangentes mortuos ve Hide 
S^Stb^r et inficiebantur et moriebantur, et confitens et confessor 
W ducerentur ad sepulchrum. Et pre timore et horrore, pietatis opera et mise 
ricordie videlicet, visitare infirmos et mortuos sepellire, homines excercere vix 
Tulbant Nam multi ex antrace et ex apostematibus, et pustulis que cre^erun 
in tibiis et sub asellis [««&], alii ex passione capitis et quasi 1 n frenesin v usi 
alii spuendo sanguinem moriebantur. Iste annus fuit ultra moduni consuetum 
mirabilis insolitus et in multis prodigiosus, fertilis tamen satis et habundans , e*: 
morbidus et mortalis. In conventu Minorum de Drouda xxv. et in Dubhn a 
apud eosdem xxiij. fratres mortui sunt, ante usque Natale. Item, die Marti in 



37 

crastino Purificacionis, Connili O'Morthe patrie sue princeps et dominus per cjer- 
manos ejus in quibus confidebat, cum quibus ipso die siuiul epulabatur confi- 
denter, quorum filios pro fidelitate et subjeccione sibi servanda tunc habebat 
obsides, natorum suorum necem non formidantes, et in perjurii crimen incidere 
non vei^entes, ambicio dominandi traternum fedus disjunxit et seperavit ; et 
rupto vinculo fraternitatis, spreto amore et federe sanguinis, eiun prodiciose oc- 
ciderunt, et quos venter et uterus unius mulieris suscepit, tota ilia terra et patria 
recipere non valebat ; nee aufertur nee etiam differtur inde vindicta, nam octavo 
die Anglici de Ossoria, qui partem ipsius Conyl fovebant, patriam intrantes, com- 
muni consensu populi filius ejus primogenitus Rury in principem est electus et 
acceptus, et Anglicis Ossorie ad sua ut volebant revertentibus, David O'Morthe, 
occisi germanus, eis obstitit cum quibusdam Anglicis comitatus Kildarie et 
Cathirlaht, in quodam passu arto aliquos equos, qui sarcina et anna Ossoriensium 
portabant, abstulerunt, et ibi occisus ipse David, vir potens, dives et discretus 
post Conyl de sanguine parem non habens, et sic vitam perdidit, regnum et <Ter- 
manum ; alii vero fratres oranes consentientes exulati patriam dimittere co- 
guntur. Ista pestilencia apud Kilkenniam in xl a . invaluit, nam vi t0 . die 
Marcii viij Fratres Predicatores infra diem Natalem obierunt, vix [in] domo unus 
tantum moriebatur, sed communiter vir et uxor cum natis eorum et familia 
unam viam, scilicet mortis, transierunt. Ego autem frater Johannes Clyn de 
Ordine Minorum et conventu Kilkennie hec notabilia facta, que tempore meo 
acciderunt, in hoc libro scripsi, que occulata fide vel fide digno relatu didici, et 
ne gesta notabilia cum tempore perirent et a memoria recederent futurorum, 
videns hec multa mala et mundum totum quasi in maligno positum, inter mortuos 
mortem expectans donee veniat, sicut veraciter audivi et examinavi sic in scrip- 
turam redegi, et ne scriptura cum scriptore pcreat, et opus simul cum operano 
deficiat, dimitto pergamenam pro opere continuando, si forte in futuro homo 
superstes remaneat, an aliquis de genere Ade hanc pestilenciam possit evadere 
et opus continuare inceptum. 

1349. In magna karistia sere et specierum, nam libra sere vendebatur xx". 
denariis, et piperis et zinsiberis xl ta . denariis. Item, in festo Molingi episcopi, 
dominus Fulco de la Frene confidens in promissionibus falaciis Hibemicorum 
interficitur prodiciose, vir milicie et militaris a pueritia deditus et intendens, et 
pacis defeccione reipublice defensor, malorum malleus, plurium relatu communi 
in relacione vix in Hibcrnia parem habens ; hie Uupences, Cantonences fide- 

lium 



38 

lium oppressores de terra extirpavit, vir magnanimus, minas magnonim et [ag- 
gredi] non formidans, vir largus et plus nominis quam hominis habens, raa- 
joris fame quam substancie, profusus erat in dandis epulis, nulli elaudens suam 
jannuam [hie vias fidelibus patefecit — in margine], et hominum Unguis loquor 
et communis populi sentenciis vix in Hibernia relata. 

Videtur quod Author hie obiit. 

[Alia manu — in margine~\ Anno Domini 1375. In festo Anne matris virginis 
Marie interfectus fuit Donatus Kevenach M c Moorke per Galfridum de Valle 
prope Carlachiam. Prima pestilencia in Hibernia multum invaluit anno Domini 
1349. Secunda vero pestilencia similiter invaluit ibidem per xiij. annos postea, 
viz. anno Domini 1362. Tercia etiani pestilencia acc[?vnY] per xi. annos pos- 
tea viz. anno Domini 1373. Quarta autem pestilencia crevit in Hibernia perix. 
annos post hoc viz. anno Domini 1382. Quinta autem pestilencia inolevit con- 
similiter in partibus ejusdem per ix. annos, similiter post predictos annos, anno 
viz. Domini 1391. 

Anno Domini 1405. Frater Johannes minister Hybernie veniendo de capi- 
tulo generali captus fuit in mari per Flandrenses et solvit pro capcione sua xx li . 
marcas, et quinque pro familiis, quo anno fuit lv. annorum, anno viz. [anno] 
Domini 1349 (natus) sic. 



Anglia habet custodias vij. viz. Londoniensem, que habet viij. loca, viz. 
Londoniam, Salisbiriam, Cantuariam, "Wynchilseyam, Southamptonam, Lewy- 
siam, Vintoniam, et Chichestriam. 

Item Oxoniensem, que habet viij . loca, scilicet, Oxoniam, Radingiam, 
Behtfordiam, Stafordiam, Nothyngamiam, Northamptonam, Leycestriam, et 
Gronthamiam. 

Item Bristollensem, que habet ix. loca, scilicet, Bristollum, Gloucestriam, 
Herefordiam, Carmerdinam, Kerdiniam,Brugewalterum, Exoniam, Dorcestriam, 
et Bodminiam. 

Item Granntebrigiam, que habet viij°. loca, scilicet, Cantibrigiam,Norwicum, 
Sanctum Edmundum, Lemiam, Gernemutam, Gepwycum, Colcestriam et Dun- 
wye um. 

Item Wigorniam, que habet ix. loca, scilicet, Wigorniam, Coventreyam, 

Lichfeldiam, 



39 

Lichfeldiam, Stafordiam, Prestonam, Salopidiam, Cestriam, Lamasiam, et 
Bregenorht. 

Item Eboracensem, que habet vij. loca, scilicet, Eboracum, Lyncolniam, 
Beverlacum, Duncastriam, Sanctum Botulfum, Grimisbiam, et Scardeburgiam. 

Item Novi Castri, que habet ix. loca, scilicet, Novum Castrum, Richernun- 
diam, Hertpolliam, Carliolum, Barwycum, Rochysburgiam, Hadyngtonam, 
Dunde et Dunfres. 

Item duo loca Sancte Clare, scilicet Londonie et Bethe [lviii. loca. — in mar- 
gined 

Ibernia habet custodias, scilicet Dublinencem, que habet 7 loca, scilicet, Dub- 
li[ni]am, Kildariam, Clane, Totmoy, Desertum, Weysefordiam et "Wykynlo. 

Item Pontdris, que habet 6 loca, scilicet, Pontem, Trum, Dundalke, Molyn- 
farnam, Dunum, et Cra^fers-us. 

Item Casselensem, que habet 6 loca, Casselum, Kylkenniam, Rosse, Water- 
fordiam, Clounmele, et Yohil. 

Item Corkagensem, que habet v. loca, scilicet, Corkagiam, Botoniam, Ly- 
mericum, Thathmelage, et Ardart. 

Item Nenaghtensem que habet viij . loca, scilicet Nenaght, Ahtloun, Clon- 
ronda, Clare, Galwy, Ardmachiam, Breffiniam, et Kylleyht. 

[xxxij. loca — in margined 

Summa omnium domorum 1455, Sancte Clare 410, iste estnumerus provin- 
ciarum ordinis Fratrum Minorum, custodiarum et locorum, collectis in capitulo 
generali celebrato Anno Domini 133 1 (1320) sic. 



APPENDIX. 



THE following short Annals are copied from the Manuscript (E. 3. 20. p. 396, 
et seq.) preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. They are 
probably the same which have been noticed, under the title of Annals of Ross, 
in a passage already quoted (In trod. p. i.) from Sir James Ware's Preface to 
Campion's and Hanmer's Histories. " The Book of Ross," from which they 
profess to be taken, is not now known to exist, but the present manuscript is 
as old as Ware's time, and was probably a transcript made for him. It is 
evident, from the families most commonly mentioned in the following Annals, • 
that the Ross to which this " Book of Ross" belonged, must have been Mic- 
Triuin, or New Ross on the Barrow, on the borders of Wexford and Kilkenny, 
where the Dominicans founded a locus in the year 1 267, according to Clyn's 
Annals. — See the Note on that passage, p. 48. 

ANNALES HIBERNLE EX LIBRO ROSSENSI. 



1265. Occiditur Simon de Monteforti. 

1266. Vincitur "Walterus de Burgo ; et milites sui cum multis aliis occiduntux. 
1280. Mutatur moneta. Comburitur Waterfordia. 

1284. In festo Margaretse virginis fuit fulgor et coruscatio destruens blada, unde 
provenit magna caristia, et multi fame perierunt. Eodem anno comes Glovernias 
intravit Hiberniam, et Richardus de Burgo comes Ultonise captus fuit per Johannem 
filium Thomae. 

1304. Abbatia monachorum et locus prsedicatorum in festo Columbae abbatis 
Dubliniae sunt combustae. 



IEISH ARCH. SOC. 



G 



1305- 






42 

1 305. Calvach CTKonwkir et multi alii de cognomine in donio Petri de Brimingham 
occiduntur. 

1 3 10. Bellum de Bunrat, ubi capitur Willhelnius de Buxgo cum multis aliis per 
Ricliardum de Clare, et occiditur dominus Johannes Croke cum multis aliis. Eodem 
anno obiit dominus J. Cogan. 

1312. Ordo Templariorum destruitur. Eustacius le Poer moritur. Petrus Ca- 
vistun. 

1 3 13. In festo Sancti Michaelis, Edmundus pincerna Dublinias fecit 30 milites. 

13 1 2. [fort. 1314]*. In festo J. Baptistas, Gilbertus comes Glovernias apud Strive- 
ling in bello occiditur. 

1 3 15. Scoti intraverunt Hiberniam ; et in festo conversionis Sancti Pauli sequenti 
apud Skethris bellum contra eos. 

1 3 16. Dominus J. films Thomas intravit Angliam, et factus est comes Kildarise. 
Eodem anno fuit magna caristia salis in Hibernia, ita quod cranocus unus vendebatur 
pro 40 solidis, ut communiter, et aliquanto pro 4 marcis ; et eodem anno communiter 
omnes Hibernici spreta fide et fidelitate omnimoda contra Anglicos posuerunt se ad 
guerram ; et eodem anno in festo Lauren tii bellum contra eos apud Athynry in Con- 
nacia, ubi interfecti fuerunt per Richardum de Brimingham et dominum Wilhelmuni 
de Burgo de Hibernicis, communi et multorum relatu, vii. M. 

13 17. Dominus Rogerus de Mortuo Mari expulit illos de cognomine de Lacy de 
Hibernia, et fugerunt in Scotiam. 

1 3 18. Fuit magna caristia in Hibernia, et innumerabilis populus moriebatur ; et 
cranocus frumenti communiter pro 20 solidis et plus vendebatur. Eodem anno domi- 
nus Richardus de Clare cum 4 nobilibus militibus et aliis multis a suis Hibernicis in 
Totmonia occiditur. 

13 18. In festo Kalixti papas occiditur Edwardus le Brus, apud Dundalk, per J. de 
Brimingham, et alios illius patriae ; et eodem anno congregatio pastorum volentium 
acquirere Terram Sanctam. 

1320. Universitas Dubliniae incepit. 

132 1. Edmundus le Botiler, in vigilia exaltacionis Sanctas Crucis, Londonii mori- 
tur. Eodem anno circa festum Sancti Patricii occiditur dominus Urnfrai de Boune 
comes Herfordiae, dominus Thomas comes Lancastrias et barones meliores et milites 
Anglici circiter 28 trahuntur et suspenduntur, Hugone de Spenser hoc procurante et 
faciente. 

1322. Dominica Palmarum consecrantur "Waterfordiae, J. Laynach episcopus Lis- 
morensis, Nicholaus Welifedde episcopus TVaterford, et episcopus Corkumroth. 

1323. 
» Vid. Chron. AngL 



43 

1323. Obiit dominus Willelmus de Burgo. 

1324. Fuit pestis communis yaccarum et etiam aliorum animalium, quse dicebatur 
in Hibernia Maldow [mael ou6]. 

1325. In vigilia Epiphanias fnit ventus validissimus et magnus, qui prostravit 
domos et asdificia, denudavit ecclesias et monasteria, evulsit radicitus arbores et cam- 
panilia, dispersit tassos bladorum et horrea. 

1326. Fuit magna siccitas in Hibernia quanta non est visa ante tempora tunc 
viventi[um]. Eodem anno circa festum Petri ad Vincula mortuus fuit Richardus de 
Burgo comes Ultonias ; et eodem anno in crastino exaltationis sanctae crucis obiit 
W. Archiepiscopus Cassiliensis : et eodem anno apud Clonmel in vigilia Sancti 
Micbaelis moriebatur mane nobilis armiger Tbeobaldus de Grandisono. (Item eodem 
anno in hyeme decapitatur Londoniis episcopus Exoniensis et cetera. In die Ascen- 
sionis occiditur dominus Matthseus Mulburn). 

1327. Dominica prima de Adventu comburitur Kenles in Ossoria, cum tota quasi 
baronia per Willelmum de Brimingham et Geraldinos ; et octavo die destruitur et 
comburitur Gras-castell, cum tota patria et terrae Poerinorum illo anno per eosdem. 

1328. N. Aprilis, obiit dominus T. films Johannis comes Kildarias et justiciarius 
Hibernia?. Item pridie Idus Aprilis, occiduntur Rupenses apud Bargun per Fulco- 
nem de Fraxineto. Et ii. Kal. ejusdem mensis occiditur Petrus le Poer filius Baronis 
de Dunoyl, et alii de sanguine circiter 14, per Geraldinos ; et eodem die et loco occi- 
ditur dominus J. filius Geraldi. Item eodem anno in vigilia beati Matthsei capitur 
J. le Poer de Rathgormit et vulneratur, et cito post de vulnere moritur, per Can- 
ti tones. 

Item, 1328. Dominus Jacobus le Botiler factus est comes Hermonise, et Mauricius 
filius Thomas comes Desmonise, et Rogerus de Mortuo Mari comes Marchise; et eodem 
anno in crastino Agnetis obiit dominus Johannes le Poer, baro de Dunoyl. Item ii. 
Idus Martii obiit dominus Arnoldus le Poer in castro Dublinias. 

1329. In vigilia Brandani abbatis occiditur Jacobus Ketyng per Rupenses. Do- 
minus Philippus Hodinet, Hugo de Canton, cum aliis hominibus de cognominibus 
ipsorum circiter 140, per Rupenses et Barrenses. Item anno eodem viL Non. Junii, 
obiit Robertus le Brus rex Scotorum, in armis et bellicis negotiis vix parem habens. 
Eodem anno in vigilia Pentecostes et beati Barnabas Apostoli occiditur dominus J. de 
Brimingham comes de Lowthe cum fratre suo et aliis circa 160, et cum eo occiditur 
ille famosus tympanista, Caym O'Kerwille. Eodem anno in crastino Johannis et 
Pauli per Poerinos occiduntur Gilbertus de Valle et Remundus de Valle et Robertus 
O'Xeil, cum aliis quasi 80. Eodem anno in crastino Magdalenas occiditur Maglachlyn 
O'Konwhir et multi de Odymsy ; et in principio Augusti Bren O'Bren combussit 

G 2 villas 



44 

villas Athissel, Tiberari, et sabbato ante festum beati Laurentii occiditur David le 
Botiler per O'Nolans ; et post, eodeni anno, statim in vigilia Laurentii occiditur do- 
minus Thomas le Botiler et dominus J. Warini, et cum eis centum et plus occiduntur. 
Et eodem anno 14 Kal. Augusti Bren O'Bren apud Ourleys inter fecit Walterum de 
Burgo filium Ullarii de Burgo, Conwhir O'Breyn, Mac Kenmar cum aliis de Totmonia. 
Et eodem anno captum est castrum de Ley per O'Dimsy, et eodem anno restitutum. 
Et eodem anno in vigilia Ceciliae captus fuit per O'Nolan dominus Henricus Traharne 
et Laurentius frater Pincerna?; ob quam causam Jacobus Pincerna collecto nobili 
exercitu terram et patriam ipsorum combussit et destruxit, in crastino Lucse virginis, 
et statim post modicum ante Natale, dominus Mauricius tilius Thoma? cum magno 
exercitu intravit Leys et cepit obsides de O'Morthe sine aliqua pugna et duxit eos 
usque Dubliniam. 

1330. Mac Gilpatrik occiditur Kilkennia? per Anglicos in dolo. Et eodem anno 
in festo Philippi et Jacobi occiditur dominus Jacobus de Behun cum multis, quasi 120, 
per Brien O'Bren. Et anno eodem die Luna? in vigilia vigilia? vid. ex feria h Alexi 
confessoris fuit eclipsis solis ; et tunc fuit exercitus magnus versus Urleif Ultonien- 
sium et aliorum multorum contra Bren O'Bren ; qui illo anno destruxit et combussit 
terras comitis Ultonia? et Hermonise. Et in vigilia vigilia? Margareta? virginis juxta 
Mowyalin facti fuerunt milites, dominus Walterus de Brimingham, Edmundus le 
Botiler, dominus Consyn et alii sex. 

1 33 1. Captus est Mauricius filius Tkoma? in dolo apud Limericum a domino An- 
tonio de Lucy tunc justiciario Hibernia? [in vigilia assumptionis Virginis]. Xota in 
margine, "hoc Scriptum recentiori manu." Et eodem anno, in festo Sancti Mattha?i 
apostoli anno bisextili ab eodem justiciario, capti sunt apud Clonmel dominus Wil- 
lelmus de Brimingham, dominus Walterus filius ejus, dominus Gilbertus de eodem 
cognoniine, et dominus Johannes de Sancto Albino, dominus de Cumsy, et apud Corka- 
giam Willelmus de Barri. 

1332. Dominus "Willelmus de Brimingham miles strenuus in festo Sancti Pii impie 
morti traditur apud Dubliniam et suspenditur ; et statim post eodem anno comburitur 
villa de Cathirdenesk et destruitur castrum de Bunrath in Totmonia per Hiberni- 
cos. 1332 Post Antonium de Luci, mittitur dominus J. de Arci, justiciarius lli- 
berniae. 

1333. Occiditur Nicolaus Christofer per Poerinos ; et eodem anno per Hibernicos 
occiduntur homines de Ros circiter 27. Et eodem anno, occiduntur de hominibus 
Bren O'Bren 7°" 20", et ipsemet est vulneratus. Eodem anno, deliberatur Mauricius 

filius 
b Vid. ex feria, interlined. 



45 

filius Thoma? de castro Dublin infra octavas Ascensionis per dominum regem Angliae. 
Eodem anno, Bren O'Bren cjicitur de Ourleyf per comitem Desmoniae. 

1333. Tenetur parliamentum magnum Dublin, et eundo versus dictum parlia- 
mentum occiditur dominus TTillelmus nobilis juvenis comes Ultoniae, per suos Angli- 
cos Ultonise proditiose ; et in eodem parlianiento occiditur Mauricius filius Nicolai 
Othoil Hibernicus et in armis strenuus. Eodem anno occiditur Willelmus O'Bren 
Carrach. 

(Fortasse 1334). Occiditur dominus Johannes de Sancto Albino dominus de Cumsy, 
per suos consanguineos. 

1 335- Occiditur nobilis dominus Reymundus Lercedeken cum duobus filiis suis 
senioribus, Patricio, Silvestro, et avunculo suo domino Willelmo Lercedekne, in om- 
nibus de illo cognomine II, per O'Morthe. Eodem anno, Johannes Darcy justiciarius, 
comes Hermonia?, comes Destomonias, post Assumptionem intraverunt Scotiam et 
alias insulas. Eodem anno, occiditur dominus David Beket. 

1336. Comes Hermoniae dedit Fratribus Minoribus castrum suum et locum de 
Carriggriffy ; et eodem anno Bren combussit ecclesiam de Typerary et villain cum 
mulieribus et parvulis. Eodem anno, in comitatu "Weisford occiditur dominus 
Mathias filius Henrici, circiter 200, per Mac Murch. 

1337. Johannes Charlingtune applicuit justiciarius cum germano suo episcopo 
Herfordensi et cancellario, cum 2CO sagittariis "Wallensium. Eodem anno, obiit do- 
minus Jacobus Pincerna comes Hermoniae. Item, eodem anno, dominus Edwardus 
rex tertius post conquestum Anglias cum magno exercitu regni sui ; et praeter illos 
cum aliis centum milibus et 40. milibus (ut relatum fuit) contra regem Francia?, Al- 
inannia? partes intravit. Eodem anno, ultimo die Augusti, comes Desmonine fecit 14. 
railites apud Eathymgan. Et eodem anno, Poerini occiderunt dominum Walterum 
de Valle cum 13. de sanguine. Item, eodem anno, comes Desmoniae emit Clonmel. 
Kylfekil, et eodem anno in vigilia Assumptionis occiditur Laurentius Pincerna. 

1344- Intravit Hiberniam dominus Radulphus de OfFord justiciarius ; et eodem 
hyeme obsedit Mac Morth, et obtinuit obsides ejus. Eodem anno, cum vexillo regis 
fugavit comitem Desmoniae, et obtinuit omnia castra sua et terras, et statim post 
Dubliniaj mortuus est. 

1345. Intravit dominus "Walterus Brimingham justiciarius Hiberniae. Interfecti 
sunt dominus E. Barri, dominus Philippus Prendegast ; et eodem anno, apud Novum 
Castrum comitis Desmoniae in Kerigia castro capto justiciarium suspenderunt milites 
comitis; viz. dominus Eustacius le Poer, dominus "VYilhelmus Grant, dominus J. Co- 
terel. Et eodem anno, in bello capitur et vulneratur dominus Mauricius filius 
Philippi, et de vulnere in castro Dubliniensi mortuus est. Capti sunt Moriartach 

Mac 



4 6 

Mac Murch cum uxore, sollenmior de sanguine, et clemens Ketyng malefactor pessi- 
mus, per homines de Ros, Dominica infra octavas Corporis Christi, et ex utraque 
parte duo interfecti. 

1346. Interficitur O'Karvwil in Elya per Ossorienses. 

Sequentia a recentiori aliquo adscripta sunt : 

1467. Anno Domini 1467 , et anno regni regis Edwarti IV. 7 apud Droghda in 
parliamento tento ibidem per Johannem comitem Wygornioe, Thomas comes Desmoniae 
decapitatus 14 die Februarii, quasi hora 2 a diei post nonam. 

1480. Capitur et comburitur castrum Arbonen, constructum in Carigynserach 
prope Lesrenor per filios Petri Botiller. Et eodem anno, capitur castrum de Mang 
per Jacobum comitem Desmonite, antea seditiose per Hibernicos detentum. Et 
eodem anno, comes Kildarice justiciarius Hibernian cepit castrum deLechlyn. Eodem 
anno, filii Petri Butiller ceperunt castrum de Drongen, et comes Desmoniae cepit cas- 
trum de Balyewhill. Scoti et Dani intrarunt Angliam, et septem millia hominum 
perdiderunt. Eodem anno, Richardus filius Petri Butiller cepit et incarceravit "VVal- 
therum de Sancto Albino malefactorem magnum. Et eodem anno, pueri et infantes 
in typum et figurant capture de Carygferach in collibus solebant bellare unde vulnera 
et incommoda proveniebant. 

Ibid, (circa an. 1350). 

Nota quod denarius ponderat 32. grana in medio spicae. 

12. denarii faciunt unam unciam. 

12. unciae faciunt libram, de 20. solidis. 

8. librae de frumento faciunt galonem sive lagenam. 

8. galones sive lagenae faciunt bussellum, qui est 8. pars quarterii de frumento. 

Et 15. unciae faciunt libram Londoniis. 

12. librae et dimid. faciunt petram Loudon. 



■ 



NOTES. 



NOTES. 



Page 2, line 21. 

~DRITONES in Anglia. — According to this, the Britons arrived in the year 787 
-^~^ post diluvium. That appears to differ from Mr. O'Flaherty's computation, so far 
as I can comprehend his scarcely intelligible chronology ; for he seems to say that 
Britannus, son of Fergus of the Red Side, came over on the expulsion of the Nemedians 
from Erin, which event he places in 588 post dil — Ogyg., p. 66. — A. H. 

Ibid., line 23. 

Prima etas — The six ages, of which the sixth dates from the first advent of Christ, 
are founded upon the tradition of the house of Elias ; but they are made unequal in 
their durations, in the attempt to make them historical. The Welsh divided them 
into the pumoes, or five ages, and the chwechedoes, or the sixth age. Their five ages 
were those of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and David, making no division at the 
Captivity. — Taliesin Divregwawd, p. 96. — A. H. 

Page 3, line 29. 
Anastasius. — That Athanasius is meant, and the anachronism, need hardly be 
pointed out. — A. H. 

Page 4, line 2. 

Secundum Bedam Beda says nothing of the sort, and simply calls her Helena 

concubina. She was a woman of Naissus in Dacia, now Servia. The idea of Constan- 
tine being a native of Britain arose from the words of Eumenius, " O fortunata Bri- 
tannia qua? Constantinum Ccesarem prima vidisti," in which Constantine first obtained 
the dignity of a Caesar; and from the more general expression of the anonymous 
panegyrist, " liberavit ille [Maximian] Britannias servitute [from Carausius], tu 
etiam nobiles illic oriundo fecisti." — A. H. 

Page 



48 

Page 4, line 7- 
Lucium et Serenum. — For " Lucium et Seronuni" we must read " Licinium et Se- 
verum," although, in fact, Severus was put down by the arms of Galerius. — A. H. 

Ibid., line 8. 
Maxencio depulso. — The sense seems to require " Maximums depulsus." Maxirni- 
nus, surnamed Daha or Daga, is said to have put to death St. Catherine, the martyr, 
who is also supposed to have been an Alexandrian woman ; but her existence is un- 
ascertained. — A. H. 

Page 8, line 10. 
Mackanfy. — This should unquestionably be Mac Carthy J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 28. 

Leye et Donmaske, i. e. Lea, near Portarlington, and Donamase, near Maryborough. 
—J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 31. 

Locum de Bos Ware understands this of Rosbercan, in the barony of Ida, County 

Kilkenny; but other authorities place the abbey at Ross-Pontis, or Xew Ross, which 
is but a short way distant, although on the opposite side of the Barrow, and in the 
County Wexford. De Burgo (Hibernia Dominicana, p. 271) thus explains this seem- 
ing discrepancy: "Quod si dicas Wargeum, ejusque memoratos sequaces, refragari 
anonymo scriptori sseculi decimi tertii disertis verbis aienti, coenobium nostrum 
apud ipsammet Rossam Pontis situm, ut in Catalogo ipsius alibi a me exscripto, 
et mox recensito, legere est: nullo negotio respondebo nihil inter eos versari contra- 
dictionis, ut ea jam dictis facillime colligi potest. Enimvero tempore istius anonymi 
Rosbercana inter Ross-Pontis fines comprehendebatur, nunc autem seorsim se habent, 
tarn in civilibus, quam in ecclesiasticis\ Ut igitur juxta modernam rerum disposi- 
tionem loqueretur Warceus, nostrum scite collocat coenobium apud Rosbercanam in 
agro Kilkenniensi, eoque vel maxime ne id confundere videretur cum Franciscano et 
Augustiniano ccenobiis, apud Ross-Pontem in agro Wexfordiensi sitis, de quibus haec 
habet paullo ante locum mox allatum: ' Rosse, alias Ross-Pontis, Johannes Devereux 
Miles fundavit conventum ordinis minorum in loco ubi aliquando domus erat Cruci- 
ferorum, ad Baroi flumen Ripam, regnante Edwardo primo — Conventus ordinis Ere- 
mitarum S. Augustini fundatur ibidem regnante Edwardo tertio.' " 

Page 
» Eosbercon wa3 incorporated, and granted all by Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. — Chart. 

the liberties and free customs previously granted to Privil. Immu. p. 39 J. G. 

the burgesses of Kilkenny, an. 28 Ed. L, circ 1300, 



49 

Page 9, line I. 
Coradellum. — Conradine, son of Conrad IV., King of Germany, and grandson of 
the Emperor Frederick II., who was defeated, and afterwards murdered, by Charles 
of Anjou. He was titular king of Jerusalem. Query. — Why he is called Imperator 
Graecorum ? — A. H. 

Ibid., line 7. 

Ahtlyppe. — Ath-kyppe, or Ath-an-chip, the ford of the stock or trunk, as 
Mr. O'Donovan interprets it. This name is now obsolete, but the place must have 
been on the Shannon, near Carrick-on-Shannon. — See the Four Masters, at the year 
1270, for an account of this battle, and O'Donovan's notes. 

Ibid., line 14. 
Yohil. — Now Youghall; in Irish, Sochcull — /. O'-D. 

Ibid., line 18. 

Glandelory Now Glenmalure, in the county "Wicklow. — See Dowling's Annals, 

sub ann. 1308. The Four Masters record this defeat of the English at the year 1275 
thus : "A great victory over the foreigners [jullaib] in Ulidia, so that there were 
counted 200 horses, and 200 heads [i. a. chiefs], besides those that fell of their 
plebeians." 

Ibid., line 30. 

Edwardum iiii- — Edward, the first Norman king of that name, but the fourth Eng- 
lish king ; Edward the Elder, Edward the Martyr, and Edward the Confessor, having 
preceded him. — A. H. 

Ibid., line 31. 

Morkardaht et Art JPJforfcarda, i. e. Muixchertach and Art Mac Murchadha, or 
Mac Murrough. — Seethe Four Masters at A. D. 1282. 

Page 10, line 1. 
Item Dominus, &c. — In the Red Book of Ossory, fol. 1, dorso, is an entry in a 
hand of the early part of the fourteenth century, perhaps written about forty or 
fifty years after the acquisition of Saer Kyaran ; it is headed " Eeddit DnI Epi 
Ossorie," and contains, amongst other "items," the following: 

" Item. — Sayokeran et fynchop. — sxiiij 1 '. xii s . viij d ." 
24/. 125. 8d. was in those days a very large rent, and hence we see that the manor of 
Saer Kyaran was well worth the trouble Geoffrey St. Ledger took to recover it. 
IBISH ARCH. SOC. H " Fyncho?" 



5° 



" Fynchop" is now termed Fancroft. Immediately below the rent-roll, from which 
the above item is taken, occurs, in a hand and ink apparently identical, a memorandum, 
which states that the manor of Say^keran then contained twelve score acres of arable 
land "in dominio, , ' with its appurtenances; and the burgage land fifteen score acres 
of arable land with its appurtenances, on which were settled forty-one burgesses ; and 
that each acre of arable land in the lordship and burgage land were valued at six- 
pence per annum. At the bottom of the same page, in a hand of the seventeenth 
century, the following entry appears: 



" Nomina Villaru de Seyo. 
Brechmorh [now Breachmore]. 
Cuyll-na-fernog. 
Athanarty [now Ahagurty]. 
D'longport [now Longford]. 



Caenachan. 
Vfyghath. 
Carrucata de Saeyp. 
Cyllmeagayn [now Kyllmain]. 
Capella de fyncora [now Fancroft]." 



The denomination styled " Carrucata de Saeyp," is probably that now called "Church 
Land." The other denominations I have not been able to identify J. G. 



■ Page II, line i. 

Calvaht. — The chieftains whose death is here recorded were Murtough O'Conor 
Faly, and his brother Calvagh O'Conor. — See the Four Masters at A. D. 1305, and 
Mr. O'Donovan's note. 

Ibid., line 7. 
Narrate, i. e. Norrach, in the now county of Kildare — J. O'D. 

Page 12, tine 6. 

O 1 'Mmorchys, i. e. the O'Mordhas or O'Mores. Balilethan is now Ballylehan, in the 
Queen's County. — J. J D. 

Ibid., line 21. 

Baltynglass. — Bealach-Chonglais, now Baltinglass, in the county "Wicklow 

J. O'D. 

■ Ibid., line 27. 

Ahtnery — Athenry, County Galway. — See an account of this battle by the Four 
Masters, AD. 13 16, and Mr. O'Donovan's notes. 

Page 13, line 2. 

Loddyn. — They met at Rath-laithin, near Quin Abbey, County Clare See the 

Caithreim 



5 1 

Caithreim Thoirdhealbhaigh, or Wars of Turlough, at A. D. 13 17. Castrum Conyl (in 
Irish, Ccurlen Ui Chonaing, i. e. O'Conaing's castle) is the present Castle-Connell in 
the county of Limerick. — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 9. 
Apud Pontensem civitatem, L e. t)poiceo ctra, i. e. the bridge of the ford, now 
Drogheda, near the mouth of the Boyne J. O'D. 

Page 13, line 20. 

Cui substituiturj rater Eicardus Leddrede. — Immediately after his inauguration, having 
assembled his chapter and the entire clergy of his diocese, he held a synod in the 
octaves of St. Michael, and passed constitutions, which are yet extant in the Red Book 
of Ossory, written in a clear, bold, massive hand of the period. These constitutions 
were printed by Wilkins (Concil. Magn. Brit, et Hib. torn. ii. pp. 501-506), as he him- 
self informs us, from a transcript made by Otway, Bishop of Ossory, in 1686, for the 
use of the Bishop of Meath (Anthony Dopping), and then in possession of Sterne, 
Bishop of Clogher. This transcript, or at least Wilkin's printed copy of it, is in many 
instances inaccurate, as is also the date assigned by him, viz., the second year of 
Ledrede's episcopacy. The true date appears from a memorandum Avhich follows 
immediately after the Constitutions (fol. 10, dorso), in the same hand and ink, and 
which an attempt has been made to erase, for what purpose it is difficult to conjecture. 
However, on the application of acid of galls, enough became legible to fix the period 
when the synod was holden, viz., in the octaves of Michael the Archangel, next following 
Ledrede's enthronization ; and it is remarkable that this contemporary memorandum, 
made, as we may suppose, by order of Ledrede, as matter of record, places his succession 
to the See of Ossory in the year 13 16, two years earlier than Clyn. The commence- 
ment of the memorandum is as follows: 

" Memorandum quod anno dni millio ccc° sexto dccimo, translato Willo Epo Ossor 5 
quarto die post festum Annunciacois beate Virginis ad Archiepatum Cassellen 5 ffratc-r 
Ricus de Ledred de ordine minorum de anglia oriundus, per sedem Aplicam factus est 
Epus Ossors 3 pro illo subsequenter, qui admissus a rege tempalibus erat, traditis et 
Iris aplicis Archiepo Dublinien, et capitulo suo Kilkena publicatis, celebrata inaugu- 
racoe sua apud Kilkenn, convocato capitulo et clero totius dioc s **** synodum 
solempnem in octavis beati Michis sequen ***** celebravit, et statuta synodalia 
supradicta per eum facta publicavit, et de consensu capituli et cleri publice statuit 
observari." — Liber Ruber Ossor., fol. 10, dorso. 

Ware quotes the Regist. Pontif. in Wadding's Annals, for the date of Ledrede's 
succession, but he was not ignorant of the existence of the Liber Ruber, as amongst 

H 2 his 



5 2 

his MSS. (Mus. Brit. 4787, vol. xxvi. Clarend. MSS. No. 82) we find, " Excerpta ex 
Resist. Ossoriensis voc. lib. rubro." Could this memorandum have been erased when 
he or his amanuensis made these " excerpta?" — J. G. 

Page 14, line 9. 
Tolonenses, i. e. the O'Tuathails, or O'Tooles. — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 13. 
Donati O'Morthe, i. e. the son of Donchadh or Donough O'Mordha, or O'More. — 

J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 27. 

0? Konchours. — The O'Conchobhair, or O'Conor Faly. 

Ibid., last line. 

Apud Baligaveran. — Now Gowran, in the county of Kilkenny. See " Circuit of 
Ireland," p. 39. Theobald Walter (created chief Butler of Ireland, circ. A. D. 1 177), 
by a charter, in which he styles himself " Theobaldus Walter, Pincerna Hibernice," 
granted to his free burgesses of Ballygaveran various lands, at a rent of ten marks of 
silver per annum Carte's Life of James, Duke of Ormonde; Introduction. 

Carte also says, that by an entry in the Register of the diocese of Ossory, dated at 
Kilkenny, the 2nd of November, 1312, it appears that William, Bishop of Ossory, 
binds himself to support, in the church of the Blessed Mary of Ballygaveran, four 
priests, to pray for the souls of Edmond le Botiller, his wife, Joane, &c. &c. (Such 
entry is not now to be found in any document connected with the see, to which I 
have had access.) The church of the Blessed Mary, here mentioned, still exists; it 
is a beautiful early English church of large dimensions; the chancel is at present 
used as the parish church, and has been barbarously disfigured: the nave is ruinous. 
It consisted of a centre and two side aisles, but the row of pillars on the north side has 
fallen within the last twenty years. There is a tower between the nave and chance], 
but no transepts. In the west end is a very beautiful triple lancet window; the origi- 
nal font still exists, and has been lately erected in the interior of the church by the 
present rector. One or two effigies, represented in the armour of the early part of the 
sixteenth century, are to be seen ; they bear no inscriptions, but are of too late a cha- 
racter to be assigned to the time of Edmond le Botiller. 

James, grandson to the above Edmond, and third Earl of Ormond, built the castle 
of Gowran, and, from the circumstance of his usually residing there, was often called 
Earl of Gowran. This castle, which is described to have been a stately pile, was razed 

to 



53 

to the ground within the present century by the Viscount Clifden of the day. There 
is now no trace of it, but the site is still shown. 

By Rot. Pat. 2 Hen. V. 153, a grant of tolls, such as were levied in the town 
of Kilkenny, is made to Ballygaveran for forty years, to enable the burgesses and 
community to pave and wall their town, which had been lately burned, and the 
lieges therein destroyed by the Irish enemy, by whom it was surrounded, " and who 
daily threatened to do it again." — Calendar of the Boll*. 

The four priests endowed by William Fitz-John, Bishop of Ossory, in 13 12, lived 
collegiately, as appears by the following extract from the Regal Visitation Book of 
1615, at present in the Royal Irish Academy: 

" Erant ibidem ab antiquo quatuor vicarii in parvo collegio, et quilibet eorum 
recepit ex decimis illius villse ad valorem viginti marcarum : eorum erat officium in- 
teresse divinis in Ecclesia Parochiale de Gowran." 

"A. D. 1305, in the vigil of the Blessed Virgin, James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, 
then Justiciary of Ireland, died at Gowran." Many other distinguished members of 
the same family were interred in Gowran church Annals in Camden. 

By a Taxation of the Diocese of Ossory, transcribed by Richard Ledrede, Bishop 
of Ossory, from the original, "in Curia Romana, et in Registro Clericorum prope 
London, et in Registro apud ecclesiam Sti Pauli ibidem" (from internal evidence this 
taxation seems to have been made about 1306), it appears that the Templars of the 
Priory of Kilmainham were the rectors of the church of Ballygaveran, and that the 
vicarage belonged to the bishop, and was worth 6/. 13s. q.d. The entry is as fol- 
lows: 

" Ecc de Balygavan. templar st rector, (not taxed). 
Ex pte Vicar. Epus. vi u . xiij\ iiij d . Decia xiij\ iiij d ." 

Liber Ruber. Ossor. fol. 1 9. 

The Knights Hospitalers succeeded to the Rectory after the suppression of the Tem- 
plars, as appears by another taxation made by the same bishop, " Post Guerram 
Scotorum," by order of Edward II., in which Gowran is thus noticed: 

" Ecclesia de Ballygavan. Hospital, (not taxed). 
ex pte vicarii lx\ Decia vi s . Procur duof denar de marca ix' 1 ." 

Liber Ruber Ossor. fol. 22, dorso, and fol. 23. 

In a subsequent taxation, made about 15 10, GowTan is valued as follows: 

" Ecc de Ballygavran. ps vie xxiij m\" 

Liber Ruber Ossor. fol. 62. 

And 



54 

And again, in a subsequent taxation: 

" Vica' 9 de Ballygauran xx\" 

Liber Ruber Ossor. fol. 69. 

It is worthy of remark that the value of the vicarage was reduced more than one- 
half by the devastations consequent on the invasion of Edward Bruce, of which 
frightful accounts are given by all the Irish annalists. Bruce, on raising the siege of 
Dublin in 13 16, marched southwards, and was at Gowran some time before the 12 th 
of March in that year, old style. — Annals in Camden, and Grace's Annals, p. 8f. 

About the year 1324, Roger Outlaw, Prior of the Hospital of Kilmainham, and 
Chancellor of Ireland, made over, for ten years, the fruits of the churches of Bally- 
gaveran and Galmoy to the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of St. Canice, 
Kilkenny, as security that William Outlaw (who had been convicted of heresy and 
witchcraft, and, on submitting himself to the grace of the Church, had been ab- 
solved from the sentence of excommunication, on condition, amongst other things, of 
covering the chancel of the cathedral church of St. Canice, and the whole church from 
the belfry eastward, and the chapel of the Blessed Mary the Virgin, with lead) should 
perform said work perfectly, or that the said Prior should do it for him if he failed, 
within four years. — Narrative of Proceedings against Dame Alice Kyteler, pp. 28, 36, 
37 ; printed for the Camden Society. 

By a list of all benefices in the diocese of Ossory belonging to religious houses 
before 1390, extant in the Liber Ruber, it appears that the churches or rectories of 
Gowran and Galmoy belonged to the Priory of Kilmainham, and therefore to the 
Templars of the same priory before their suppression, and subsequently to the Hospi- 
talers' 1 . — Liber Ruber Ossor., fol. 28.— J". G. 

Page 15, line 31. 
OCod.. tanys. — The O'Codhlitans, now anglice Collitans. — See Introd. p. xxiii. 
note. 

Page 16, line 21. 
Nenaht Ybreyn, L e. Nenagh ; called in the Irish Annals Aenach Ur Mhumhan, or 
the fair town of OrmoncL Ybreyn is an attempt to anglicise Ur Mhumhan — J. O'-D. 

Page 

b By an Inquisition taken at Ballygauran, 21st La mis, which had boen concealed and unjustly de- 
July, an, 37 Eliz. it appears that the prior and tained from the Queen by Thomas Earl of Ormonde 
religious of Kilmainham were seised, as in fee, of and Ossory — Inrjuisit. Repertorium ; Lagen. Com. 
six messuages, with their appurtenances, within the Kilk. Eliz. A'o. 1. 
town of Ballygauran, commonly called St. John's 



55 

Page 17, line 1. 
Ynistyoke, i. e. Inistiogue on the Nore, County Kilkenny J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 21. 
Boton. — Buttevant. Tartdart, L e. Ardf ert ; an c-Gpo-peapca J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 27. 
Slesblanie. — Read Slevblame, now Slieve Bloom, SliaB 6la6ma. Athbo etAdma- 
caii, L e. Acliabo and Acha-mic-Airt, now Aghabo and Aghamacart, situated on the 
borders of the County Kilkenny and Queen's County. — J. O'D. 

Page 18, line 7. 

Athyssell — Ath-iseal, i. e. the low ford, now Athassel, on the Suir, county Tippe- 

rary J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 17. 
Cathyrlaht, i. e. Ceirthearlach, or Catherlogh, now Carlow. — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 18. 

CMorchys, I e. O'Mordhas or O'Mores, seated in Leix, in the now Queen's County. 
— J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 29. 

Dispensatomm — Dispensator expresses the same name which had been previously 
written De Spenser — A. H. 

Page 19, line 4. 

O'Brennanis — The O'Brennans of Idough, in the barony of Fassadineen, in the 

county of Kilkenny J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 8. 
Graisiscastel. — Grace's Castla — O'D. 

Ibid., line 16. 
Maynohi — Magh-Nuadhat, now Maynooth, in the county of Kildare J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 17. 
Bargum. — Now Bargy , in the south of the county of Wexford, — J. O'D. 

Page 
c Rather Bercon, i. e. Rosbercon, in the county in Bargy ; besides, the family of De Rupe were set- 
Kilkenny. We do not find a " locus praedicatorum" tied at the Roar, near Rosbercon J. G. 



56 

Page 19, line 20. 

Donhulle. Dunoyle, in the County Waterford ; in Irish, t>un aille, the fort of 

the cliff.— J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 25. 

Rahtgormoche et Kylmydan. — Now Rathcormac and Kilmeadan, county Waterford. 

—j. cpd. 

Page 20, line 6. 
Cumbyr,—OT Comar, now Castlecomer, county Kilkenny — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 9. 

Drumhyrthyr. Drumaghadohir, near Castlecomer. — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 1 1. 
Moyarfe.— Magh-Airbh, in the barony of Crannagh, county Kilkenny — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 21. 

Cam O'Kqyrwitt. Cam-shuilech, i. e. crooked or squint-eyed.— See line 24. He is 

called Caec by the Four Masters — J. O'D. 

Page 21, line 3. 
O'Donyn.— Read 0'Doynn,now O'Dunne, a family seated in the barony of Tinne- 
hinch, in the Queen's County. 

Ibid., line 15. 
M'Hokegan, L e. Mageoghegan. — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 16. 

Yrlef. This is an evident mistake of transcription for Thurles, which in the old 

manuscript was probably written Me/.— See also p. 23, line 1.—0D. 

Ibid., line 1 8. 

Totmonia. — Thomond. — /. O'D. 

Page 22, line 2. 

Moyalby Moyaliff, county Tipperary. — «/. CD. 

Page 



57 

Page 22, line 13. 
Athar. — Read Achur, L e. Achadh-ur, now Freshford, county Kilkenny — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 22. 
Dowshy. — Graigue-na-Manach (the Grange of the Monks), on the Barrow. — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line penult. 
0'Thohyl.—0 , Toole.—J. G'D. 

Page 23, line 8. 
Rupensibus. — The Roches. — J. O^D. 

Page 24, line 7. 
Brein de Nathyrlah O'Brien of Atherlach, now the Glen of Aherlagh, lying be- 
tween Sliabh-na-muice and the Galty mountains in the south of the county of Tip- 
perary. — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 9. 

Knockfergus. — Now Carrickfergus, county Antrim — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 16. 
Clonmore. — Cluain-mor, in the barony of Rathvilly, county Carlow. — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 21. 
Bonrat Now Bunratty, county Clare. — J. O'D. 

Page 25, line 10. 
Othothyl. — O'Toole.— J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 19. 
Gbargi. — O-m Bairrhe, a territory in the Queen's County, and extending into the 
county of Kilkenny c . — J. GD. 

Ibid., line 20. 
CMorthys de Slemargys. — The O'Mores of Slieve Margy, in the now Queen's 
County.—/. GD. 

c Rather Obercon, an ancient barony, Co. Kil- Their castle was at Ballvreddy, near Rosbercon — 
kenny. The family of De la Frene possessed the J. G. ; A. P. 
greater portion of Obercon till deprived by CromwelL 

Irish arch. soc. I Page 



58 

Page 25, line 20. 

Et die Veneris sequenti jit miles Thomas Cantewel, <£c. — In Camden's Britannia 
(London, 1667, p. 733), amongst those "qui venerunt cum Dermicio Murchardi filio 
in Hiberniam," we rind the name of " Hugo de Gundevilla." Of this Hugo, Dominic 
O'Daly, the author of the History of the Geraldines, thus writes : " Hugh Cantoval, 
alias de Gundevilla, knight (the name is of Norman origin), was left by Henry the 
Second .in charge of Waterford From him descended the Canticells and Con- 
dons: in the ancient records of these families you will frequently find them called 
Cantown. But the name is precisely Cantwell, for the English name is formed out of 
the Norman one, i. e. Town pro Villa." — The Geraldines, " Dujftfs Library of Ireland" 
p. 22. However, very little weight can be allowed to so late a testimony as that of 
O'Daly; the Cantwells and Condons were certainly different families. 

Hanmer, p. 137, in the list of those who came to the conquest of Ireland, gives a 
" Hugh Cantwell," and calls Hugo de Gundevilla, Hugh de Grandevilla ; in both of 
which he is in error; for any person comparing his list with that of Camden must 
see, from the position of the names, that his Hugh de Cantwell is a mistranslation 
from Camden's " Hugo Cantilonensis," which is equivalent to Hugh de Contilon, or 
Cantileon. 

The different branches of the Cantwells I have been unable to trace; but it is 
certain that very powerful families of that name were settled both in the counties of 
Kilkenny and Tipperary. 

In Kilcooly Abbey, in the latter county, on a monumental slab, there is still ex- 
tant the following inscription: 

" Hie Jacet Willielmus Cantwell quondam dominus de Ballyntobyr et Cloghe- 

cordely qui obiit xxii luce Aprilis, A. D. Et Margareta Butler uxor ejus, quce 

obiit xxi die mensis Novembris A. D. M°.CCCCC .XXVIII°. pro quoru alab s dicentib' 
pater et ave conceduntur exx dies indulgentife." (An examination of the Munster 
Inquisitions would, no doubt, throw much light on the Tipperary branch.) 

It is probable that to the Tipperary Cantewells belonged the Thomas Cantewal 
who, according to the text, was knighted by James le Botiller at Irlef, — an evident 
mistake of the transcriber for Thurles. 

The Kilkenny branch of this family had their principal castles at Cantewell's- 
court, now Sandsford-court, near Kilkenny; and at Stroan, Kilfane, and Cloghscragg, 
not far from Gowran. Of the first, the massive keep still exists; and within some 
forty years back the outer walls and gateway were standing. The remains at Stroan 
and Cloghscregg are inconsiderable, and of that of Kilfane there is no trace. The 
charter granted to Gowran by Theobald Walter, first Butler of Ireland (see p. 43, 

ante) 



59 

ante), is witnessed by " D. Thomas de Kentewell," whence it is probable he was in 
possession of these latter castles and lands (being in the neighbourhood of Gowran), 
at all events, before 1206, the year of Theobald Walter's death. This Thomas de 
Kentewell was perhaps grandfather to another of the same name, who was empowered 
by Edward II., in 1 3 1 8, to treat with the O'Brenans and other felons of the Cantred 
of Odogh. — Rot. Pat. ii° Ed. II. 2 da pars, No. 129. The Cantred of Odogh was com- 
prised within the present barony of Fassadinan, County Kilkenny. Thomas de Cante- 
well was at this period an old man, for in the year 1 3 1 9, by a writ dated at Thomastown 
on the 6th of January, he was exempted from attending at assizes, "being worn out 
with age,"— Rot. Pat. 13 Ed. II. No. 33. 

In 1382 Richard II. granted license to Thomas Derkyn and Walter Cantwell, 
" living in the Marshes of Ballygaveran, in front of the Irish enemies, M'Murgh and 
O'Nolan, to treat for themselves, their tenants, and followers." — Rot. Pat. $Ric. II. 1 a pars. 
No. 192. This Walter was, probably, grandson to the Thomas who was worn out with 
age in 13 19. His castles of Stroan and Cloghscregg stand on the verge of the barony 
of Gowran, in 1382 the " marshes" of the Pale. He died before 1409, as on the 18th 
of March in that year, the " custody of the lands, &c, of Robert, son and heir of 
Walter Cantewell, in Rathcoull and Strowan," was committed, rent-free, to Richard 
and Thomas Cantewell. And by a writ, dated at Kilkenny on the 16th of December 
following, the king granted to Robert Cantewell (on his coming of age), " all the lands, 
tenements, rents, and services, which the said Robert held in Rathcoull and Strawan 
in the Co. Kilkenny, then in the king's hands."— Rot. Pat. 10 Hen. IV. 2 a pars. Nos. 48 
and 87. 

On the 2nd of October, 1595, Thomas Archer Fitz-Walter, of Kilkenny, enfeofed 
certain persons in the manor, town, and lands of Rathcoule and Carrigin, which he 
held in mortgage of John Cantewell. — Repert. Inquisit. Com. Kilk. Temp. Jac. I. 
No. 20. By another Inquisition, taken at the " Blackfryars," Kilkenny, the 6th of 
Sept. 1637, it appears that the said John Cantewell, of Cantewell's-court, had mort- 
gaged several other portions of his property to various individuals. And in another 
Inquisition, taken at the same time and place, his possessions were ascertained as 
follows : 

" Joh Cantwell de Cantwell's Courte seis' fuit de maner de Rathcoule, & Kil- 
fanye (Kilfane), except proporcofi spectant Walter Walsh in Kilfanye pdct, cu ptin ; 
& devil & ter de Rathcoule, Cantewells-Courte, Kilbennell, Tullaghbryn, le Ouldtowne 
de Rowebone, le Ouldtowne de Cowlhvoekair (Kilmokar), le Ouldtowne de Glanheylie 
Cubicketanevallie, Kilfaine, Stroane, Cloghskraggie, Lisnemenaght, Reamynduff, 
Carrigine, Killudigan, Rassigine al Rathsiggin, Kilkerin, le Garrans, al Cantewells- 

I 2 Garrans, 



6o 

Garrans, Johns-graige al Graigeshape, Inshilugh Ballyhomas, & Gawran in Co. 
Kilkcn. Contifi 2* pccll tef & l pcell ter Anglice two horsemens beds and a halt 
and the sixth part "of a horseman's bed. . . . pmiss tenebat' de Re in capite p s'vic miL 
The ample possessions here enumerated, and which composed the manors of Rathcoul 
and Kilfane, John Cantewell alienated, for certain uses, to Patrick Archer of Kil- 
kenny, and Patrick Coppinger of Clonmore, in the County Kilkenny, by indenture 
bearing date 30th Dec. 1 609—Repert. Inquisit. Com. Kilk. Car. I. Nos.92, 93- And 
they were finally lost by the forfeiture of Thomas Cantewell of Cantewell s-court, 
who was appointed provost marshal by the Supreme Conncil of Confederate Catholics 
sometime after 1641, and is called "that cruel and bloody rebel" in one ol the depo- 
sitions given in Temple's Irish Rebellion (Ed. 1812, p. 119). 

In the old church of Kilfane (a building originally erected in the early English 
style as appears by the remains of the sedilia and piscina, but barbarously disfigured 
while used as the parish church) there lies a very perfect and well-sculptured cross- 
legged sepulchral effigy. The figure is gigantic, measuring from head to heel seven 
feeT ten inches ; the body and limbs are represented as clad in a complete suit of mail, 
and the head and throat are defended by a chaperon or hood of the same; the hood 
does not assume the shape of the head, but is flatted at top, presenting the form of a 
slightly elevated cone. A loose surcoat is worn over the hauberk; the right arm xs 
extended by the side, and the right leg crossed over the left. The spur has a broad 
rowel, and the sword is placed under the figure, the end of it appearing from between 
the legs. A long triangular shield, very much curved, is borne on the left side, sup- 
ported by the guige passing over the right shoulder; the shield measures three feet 
four inches in length, and bears, carved in relief, the arms of the Cantwells, viz., a 
canton ermine, four annulets. Probably this effigy was erected in honour of the 
Thomas de Cantewelle who was an old man in 13 19. It is called by the peasantry 
" Cauntwell fada," the tall Cantwell; and is traditionally said to have been brought 
from beyond sea. Tombs were often erected by persons themselves before their deaths ; 
perhaps such was the case in this instance. The rowelled spur forbids us to assign it to 
the predecessor of Thomas, who must have died early in the thirteenth century. 

The Cantwell arms are given somewhat differently in the tomb of Butler Viscount 
Mountgarret, who died in 157 1, and which still exists in St. Canice's Cathedral, Kil- 
kenny: on its side is carved a shield, bearing, on a field ermine, four annulets, and over 
it the word Cantefodl — J. G. 

Page 25, line 22. 

Willelmus Carraght VBren, i. e. William Carrach O'Brien, of the Glen of Aher- 

lagh, near the town of Tipperary. — /. O'D. 

Page 



6i 



Page 25, line 30. 

Moytobyr. — Moyhobber, in the barony of Cuimseanach, or Compsey, in the county 
Tipperary, the manor of the Fannings — See Inquis. Lagenice, 7 Car. I. — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line ult. 
Manu media, i. e. in the hands of an indifferent person or stakeholder. — A. II. 

Page 26, line 4. 
Curncy — The barony of Compsey, in the county Tipperary. — J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 17. 
Excedehene. — Archdeacon, Archidiaconus ; alias Mac Odo, alias Cody J. G'D. 

Ibid., line 18. 

Leyath G'Morthe. — Read Lesach [i. e. Lewis] O'Mordha, or O'More See p. 27, 

line 22, and p. 29, line penult QfD. 

Page 27, line 8. 

Greyn. — CnocGreine; from which the town of Pallas- Greine (Pallasgreen), county 
Limerick, takes its name. — J. G* D. 

Page 29, line 10. 
Kilkyban. — Read Kilsylan, now Kilsillan, near Clonmel, county Tipperary. 

Ibid., line 18. 
Conion. — Read Contilon; and in the next line, for Raynyl, read Ranylt. — ./. (?D. 

Ibid., line 30. 
Any. — Perhaps a mistake for Athy. 

Page 30, line 2. 

Dumnaske, i. e. Dunamase; a great fortress near Maryborough, Queen's County. 
— J. OD. 

Ibid., line 12. 

Castrum Viride — Green Castle, in Inishowen. There is another Green Castle, a 
place of great antiquity, in the county Down. — J. G'D. 

Page 



62 

Page 30, line 19. 

Mondesseyl. — Modeshil (ITlaj oeipl), in the barony of Compsey, county Tippe- 
rary.— J. CD. 

Ibid., line 25. 

Thoma M'-Arthan Thomas Mac Artan was chief of the Kinel-Arty, a barony in 

the present county Down. — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 26. 
CDone O'iVfy?.— Read Odone O'Neyl, i. e. Hugh O'Neill.— J. CD. 

Page 31, line 15. 
Clonele, Clonmel. Eylsylan, Kilsheelan. Kysehjl, read Kylsekyl. Oconyl, i. e. 
O'Conaill Gabhra. Kyrigan, i. e. Kerry. — /. O'-D. 

Ibid., line 24. 
Yniskysty Iniskisty, in Kerry, near Castle Island — J. CD. 

Page 32, line 5. 
Tir Halwaht CPKonkur Uoipoealbac O'Concobaip, i. e. Turlogh O'Conor.— 

J. CD. 

Ibid., line 8. 

Hibernici de Skbanie, L e. of Slieve Bloom, in the Queen's County — /. CD. 

Ibid., line 9. 
Bordgwyl. — Now BordwelL, in the Queen's Connty, on the borders of the county 

Kilkenny J. CD. 

Ibid., line 23. 

Balymotha Ballymote, in the county Sligo. — J. CD. 

Ibid., line 31. 
Kylmehyde. — Kilmohide, in the Queen's County — J. CD. 

Ibid., last line. 
Athebo. — Read Aghabo, in the Queen's County — J. CD. 

Page 34, line 2. 

Ardscol. — Ardscull, near the hill of Mullamast, county Kildare. — J. CD. 

Page 



63 

Page 34, line 3. 
Hugo de Saltu, i. e. Hugh of Leixlip; Leixlip is Danish, literally signifying Saltus 
Salmonis, i. e. Las-leap, or Salmon Leap. — J. O^D. 

Ibid., line 16. 
Thagmolingis. — Now Tigh-Moling, or St. Moling's, in the county Carlow — J. O'D. 

Page 35, line 30. 

Hec pestilencia. — The pestilence of which our author has left so touching a memo- 
rial is that known in history as the " black death," or " great mortality." Its progress 
through Asia, Europe, and Africa, has been traced with great learning and ability by 
Dr. J. F. C. Hecker, in his history of " The Epidemics of the Middle Ages," first pub- 
lished in 1832 ; translated by Dr. B. G. Babington, and republished by the Sydenham 
Society, in 1844, 

The description of the disease given by Clyn not only agrees in every particular 
with the accounts of eye-witnesses in other countries, but affords many particulars, 
hitherto unpublished, of the ravages of the pestilence in the most western part of 
Europe. For all we learn from Dr. Hecker is, that " Ireland was much less heavily 
visited than England. The disease seems to have scarcely reached the mountainous 
districts of that kingdom." — Page 27. 

This pestilence, to which the compiler of the Annals himself seems to have ulti- 
mately fallen a victim, has been followed by similar visitations from time to time in 
Kilkenny. Indeed, all the more remarkable plagues of which mention is made in the 
history of other countries we can trace to this city, through its municipal documents, 
though we have, of course, a much more scanty record of their ravages than that sup- 
plied by the worthy Brother Clyn, with respect to the pestilence of 1348. 

The pestilence which, in 1603, ravaged England, and struck terror into the court 
of King James I. at London, reached Kilkenny in the year following. On the 25th 
January, 1603 (old style), we find the municipal authorities of the Irish town of that 
city enacting the following curious by-law, through which they vainly sought to pre- 
vent the contagion from finding its way into their community. 

" It is concluded and agreed by the assente and cOsente of the portrive, burgesses, 
and corhons, that henceforward ev r ie day one proper tall ma shall stand with his hal- 
bert in the oppen streete neere the gates at ev r ie gate within this Irishtowne, to keepe 
oute all strangers, or suspected psons that might come from enny enfected place wt4n 

the kingdom, and y l for his dayly wadges he shall have the wch to be levyed 

of 






6 4 

of commons of the same Irishtowne if in case they doe not sev r ally watch in the gates 
themselves. 

" Cessors to take upp the sayd labor" hyre. 

" Tho. Ffleming and John Mont. 

'* It is also cocluded y l all the poore people wch be Strang" to this towne shall 
have 24 hours victualls at the towne charge, and after driven out of the towne." 

Stringent as these measures were, they were, as might have been foreseen, of no 
effect; and upon the 29th October, 1604, the following entry appears, which shews 
that the plague had begun to do its work amongst the burgesses: 

" In as much as it pleaseth God to visitt this poore towne with the sicknes for o r 
manifould sinnes, and for y l div r s places within this poore corporacon is visitted with 
the same, it is needfull that care be taken to have the sick psons placed in some remote 
places from oth rs w ch are not as yett infected. "Wee have therefore chosen the under 
named psons to ov r see the sick psons severed from oth rs hoping therby y* Gods indio-- 
nacon might spare some." 

The Board of Health appointed to carry these regulations into effect consisted of 
the portrieve, chief officer of the Irish town, and seven of the principal burgesses; and 
a few of the by-laws which follow were evidently consequent upon the alarm caused 
by the visitation of this plague. The enactments are curious, as shewing that, even 
in those remote days, something like a conviction of the necessity of cleanliness and 
sanitary regulation, for the preservation of the public health, had begun to force itself 
even upon the somewhat obtuse comprehensions of petty corporate officers. 

" It is inacted and concluded, the day and yere above written, by the cosente and 
agremente of the portrive, burgesses, and coitions of the Irishtowne, y* from henceforth 
noe pson or psons within the franchis of the aforesayd Irishtowne doe keepe enny dung 
in the oppe streete before there doores, uppo payne of the loss of the sayd dung and 
xii d . stg. fine to the portrive toties quoties, ech p^ being eight dayes warned before 
the tyme. 

" The day and yere aforesayde, it is concluded and inacted by the cosente and 
assente aforesayd, that noe pson or psons w th in this lybertye, from the fifth day of 
November next doe not suffer any there hoggs to goe or lye in the streete uppon payne 
of 4 d . sterling to be levyed of the own r of the swine toties quoties, and if they will not 
restrayne there hoggs, that then it shall and may be lawfull to and for the keep 
appointed for the like to kill them and have them praysed bye the praysers, and one 
qrtr of ev'ie such porke to be given to the prison" 8 according the portrive's direction, 
and the rest to the own\ The officer appointed for same is Danyell O'Dowra.." 

In the year 1649 Kilkenny suffered much from another pestilence; and to avoid 

its 



65 

its contagion, as well as to get out of the neighbourhood of Cromwell, the Supreme 
Council of Confederate Catholics removed their meetings from that city to the town 
of Ennis, in the county of Clare. A Cromwellian writer of the day makes the follow- 
ing curious mention of the circumstance: 

" Some small party of ours, by way of affront, went to the gates of Kilkenny to 
ask who was there, where they learned, since the plague of the Supreme Council was 
gone, that of the sickness supplied their room, and truly it is so briskly there, that 
what is their danger is their security, and what fortifies besieges them, so that his Ex- 
cellency, thinking he ought not to meddle with what the Lord has so visibly taken 
into his hands, has declined taking Kilkenny into his own.'' — (Vide Irish Penny Maga- 
zine, page 1 1 4.) 

However, Cromwell did soon after resolve to take Kilkenny into his hands, and 
upon his approach to besiege it on the 23rd March, 1650, it appeared that the garri- 
son, consisting of 200 horse and 1000 foot, had, through the ravages of the plague, 
been reduced to 300 men, and there had been also an immense mortality of the inha- 
bitants of the town. — (Carte's Life of the Duke of Ormonde.) 

From the evidence of a lease remaining on record in the office of the registrar of 
the diocese of Ossory, we find that " the great plague" which desolated London in 
1665 also reached Kilkenny. The document to which we allude recites a grant from 
Griffith Williams, Bishop of Ossory, made to Martha Davis, on the 15th April, 1668, 
of "that messuage or mansion-house uninhabited and ruinous, by reason that the 
same was converted, in the late visitation of the city of Kilkenny, into a pest-house, 
which is situate, lying, and being at the upper hill, in the Irish town of Kilkenny." 
— J. G. 

Page 36, line 1. 

Ex clade pestilencie. — The number of deaths at Avignon, in the black death of 
1348, are said to have amounted to 500 daily, and the total number to 60,000. 
Eebdorf apud Freher. Baluze Vita? Paparum Avenionensium, i. p. 316, cit. Hecker 
on the Black Death, p. 59. This number exceeds by more than double the entire 
modern population of that city. It farther appears, that the " unum cimiterium no- 
vum," which Pope Clement consecrated, was nothing less than the river Rhone itself, 
into which the bodies were flung, yet, by reason of that solemn benediction of the 
river, were considered to receive Christian burial. — Torfaeus, cit. ibid. This circum- 
stance will explain the otherwise surprising statement of John Clyn, that more than 
50,000 bodies were laid in the new cemetery. On the 6th of April, 1 348, the famous 
Laura died at Avignon of this unparalleled plague. — A. H. 

IBISH arch. soc. K Page 



66 



Page 36, line 8. 

Cedrus alta Libani. — This prophecy announced the approaching end of the ereat 
schism of the East, and the universal establishment of the Latin communion, or ship 
of St. Peter. However, this union was not to be effected under one civil head, but 
with a division of power between the Western Empire or Lion, and the Eastern Em- 
pire, still schismatical (at the date of the prophecy), and so a Bestia. Therefore the 
Marchionatus could only be destined " mundum superare," as to one-half of it, either 
the Eastern or "Western, which two were to comprise the " universum mundum." 
But as the Bestia was to undergo a change, and to desist from its schism, while no 
change is expressed or implied in the Leo, it is evident that the oriental mundus is 
that which the Marchionate was, in 1347, expected to subdue. 

With these data we can, I think, scarcely miss the prophet's meaning. There was 
only one Marchionate of great renown in Syria and other parts of the East, not to say 
anywhere; I mean the ancient Marchionate of Montferrat, which dared from the mid- 
dle of the tenth century, and the reign of Otho I. The wars of the Cross had brought 
that family of imperial feudatories into extraordinary celebrity, in the various forms 
of kings of Jerusalem, Latin emperors of Constantinople, and kings of Thessaly. At 
this particular epoch the Marchionatus was possessed by an ambitious and warlike 
prince, John Palaeologus, who was grandson to the Greek Emperor, Andronicus Pa- 
laeologus II. ; and represented, through his grandmother, Iolante of Montferrat," the 
extinct male line of the royal and imperial Marquisses. 

His father, the Marquis Theodorus Palaeologus, had spent a great portion of his 
life in Greece, and was learned in both languages. But the Marquis John, in whose 
days the Cistercian of Syrian Tripoli delivered his prophecy, spent his whole reign of 
more than forty years in his Piedmontese dominions, and in the prosecution of the wars 
of Northern Italy. He was consequently living in a settled communion with the suc- 
cessors of St. Peter, and his ears and lips were perfectly familiar with Filioque. There- 
fore, in the case of his elevation to the throne of his male ancestors at Constantinople, 
he might well be regarded as no unlikely person to effect the desired, but vainly at- 
tempted, re-union of the churches, upon terms agreeable to the Latins. 

We shall consider whether any reasons then existed for speculative minds to turn 
their thoughts westward, to the warlike Palaeologi of Italy. In the June of 1341, 
-Andronicus Palaeologus III., cousin-german to John Marquis of Montferrat, died, 
leaving his son, John Palaeologus, only nine years old. The regency and guardian- 
ship of the child had been confided to John Cantacuzene, his father's favourite minister. 
But, no later than the October of the same year, Cantacuzene assumed the imperial 

dignity 



6 7 

dignity for himself; and, after a civil war of more than five } T ears, became master of 
Constantinople, and was crowned in the January of 1347, the year of the prophecy. 
The title of the youthful prince continued to be recognised; but Cantacuzene reigned, 
with undivided power, till his retirement in 1355. From which it appears that these 
predictions offered themselves to the heated imagination of the monk of Tripoli, at the 
precise epoch when the eastern sceptre of the Paloeologi had passed into the power 
of a private usurper, and at a time when all that remained of power and energy in 
that illustrious house was to be sought for in the Marchionate of Montferrat. I incline 
to interpret the words " Vespertilio fugabit ducem," thus: The Marquis John, coming 
from the Vespertine Eegion, or West, shall expel from Constantinople the man whom 
I only recognise as a dux or officer of state, though he has assumed a higher title. If 
" ab m vi" can be made to signify " ab anno sexto," it will express that exact year of 
Cantacuzene's usurpation, which was current until the 26th of October, 1347, and 
complete on and after that day. 

It had long been evident that a re-union of the churches was essential to any suc- 
cessful renewal of the passagium, or crusading policy. The re-capture of St John 
D'Acre was the most important military operation incident to a successful passagium. 
It is not so easy to understand why the Cistercian should determine upon destroying 
his own residence at Tripoli. But his discontentment with all that surrounded him, 
and the melancholy frame of his mind, misrht predispose him to exclaim, like Jesus 
the son of Ananus : " Woe to the city and to the people, Woe to myself also !" It may 
be remarked that the Tripolitans have retained the memory of some prophecy, that 
their city shall be destroyed ; and their expectations, that it will be buried under the 

accumulating sand-hills of the shore Maundrell's Journey from Aleppo, p. 317, Ed. 

Pinkerton A. H. 

Page 37, line 21. 

In conventu Kilkennie — The only portions of the Franciscan Abbey of Kilkenny, 
at present remaining, consist of the chancel and belfry tower, with a small fragment of 
the conventual buildings adjoining the south side of the latter. 

The chancel (which measures seventy-three feet by twenty-five feet ten inches, the 
"walls being three feet two inches in thickness, and about twenty-nine or thirty feet high ) 
presents a very pure example of the early English style, both in its earlier and later pe- 
culiarities, and in its constructive features affords a curious illustration of a passage in 
these Annals, and a strong proof of their accuracy. Under the year 1 347 (see p. 34), the 
burial of a benefactress of the abbey, the Lady Isabella Palmer, is recorded: " quefrontem 
chori fratrum erigi fecit." She is also stated to have lived seventy years a widow, and 

K 2 if 



63 

if we suppose that she turned her attention to the improvement of the choir after her 
widowhood, which is most probable, we cannot place such improvement earlier than 
1277. Now it is a curious fact that about fifty feet of the icestern end of the chancel 
is extremely early in the style, and must have been erected in the early part of the 
thirteenth century, as evidenced by its tall and narrow lancet lights, with plain 
chamfered jambs and wide internal splays: whereas about twenty-three feet of the 
eastern or forepart, frons chori, with the great east window, must have been erected 
late in the style. An examination of the masonry also shows, even to the cursory 
observer, an evident joint or want of proper bond in the wall, where the new work has 
been added to the old. 

The early or western end of the choir is lighted by five lancets on the north side, 
and two small windows placed high up in the wall on the south. The addition made 
by Dame Isabella Palmer presents a magnificent east window, occupying nearly the 
entire breadth and height of the gable, and consisting of a cluster of seven lancet 
lights, divided, not by piers, as in the early period of the style, but by slender mul- 
lions, and rising, one above the other, toward the centre: over all, a bearing arch is 
turned in the wall, to take the weight off the mullions ; but there is no hood moulding 
or ornament of any kind, the mullions and jambs being simply chamfered. 

In the north wall are the remains of a window of three lights, and on the 
south side is a perfect one, consisting of two lancets, both adjoining the east end, and 
presenting all the peculiarities exhibited by the great east window, being evidently 
the work of the same architect. 

It is, perhaps, worth mentioning, as a proof of the knowledge possessed by the 
mediaeval builders with regard to the properties of stone, that the jambs of these 
windows are of Caen stone, but in the mullions, where greater strength and solidity is 
required, the compact limestone of the district is used. The windows of the chancel 
are all walled up, and, sad to say, it has been converted into a racket-court. 

With regard to the tower, the statements of Clynn are also verified by the existing 
remains. He affirms (p. 34) that a confraternity was formed by the Friars Minors in the 
year 1347, "pro campanile novo erigendo et ecclesia reparanda." Between that year 
and the end of the fourteenth century the present tower must have been erected, as its 
style is late decorated. The arch is a light and beautiful specimen of the style, and 
the bearing-shafts of the groining are supported by curious figures, which seem to 
represent the various contributors to the building. One, a female figure, has money in 
her hand, and all grotesquely represent the position of persons using all their strength 
to support the weight of the superincumbent mass. 

In Grose's Antiquities there is a plate of the nave, as it existed when his sketch 
was taken. The piers appear to have been very massive, but it is impossible to judge 

of 



6 9 

of their style. This portion of the building was destroyed, in order to erect a horse- 
barrack on its site. 

Of the many monuments which, no doubt, once adorned the church, none now 
remain except a few fragments, on one or two of which a few words of Norman 
French may be traced. A stone built into the wall of a starch-yard, which adjoins 
the abbey on the south side, bears the following inscription, which is transcribed, in 
order to show the late date to which the cemetery was used : 

•i- _n_ 

IHS. MA. 

Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Agnes 
Banckes alias Smith. Daughter of 
Mr. John Smith of Damagh in the 

County of Kilkenny Gentleman. 

and was marryed to Mr. William 

Banckes of Kilkenny, Pewterer. 
Deceased the 8th day of January, 1687. 



I pray God be mercyfull to her Soule. Amen. 

The precinct of the abbey was bounded on the east by the river Nore, and on the 
north by the Bregagh, a stream forming the wet ditch of a looped and bastioned wall, 
which here was part of the city defences. A wall seems also to have extended along 
the edge of the Nore. Cromwell attempted to gain entrance to the town by breach- 
ing the wall of the Franciscans with pickaxes, but was beaten off. A breach in the 
old work, filled up by a comparatively modern wall, not far from the tower at the 
angle where the Bregagh joins the Nore, may, perhaps, have been the locality of this 
attack. 

The site of the abbey is a low alluvial inch, not many feet higher than the ordinary 
level of the river, which will account for the flooding of the abbey recorded under the 
year 1338, supra, p. 28. 

The foundation of the chancel would seem to have been formed by sinking to a 
considerable depth, not all through the entire length of the wall, but for piers at 
stated distances, on which bearing arches were turned, and the intervals filled up with 
masonry ; or perhaps piles were driven to support the piers. — J. G. 



Page 37, last line. 
Bupences, Cantonences. — The Roches and Condons. — J. G'D. 



Page 



7° 



Page 38, line 8. 
Donatus Kevenagh M'-Moorke — Donogh Cavanagh, son of Morrough — J. O'D. 

Page 39, line 1 1. 

Totmoy. Tuaith-maighe, in the east of the King's County, north of Portarling- 

ton.— J. O'D. 

* Ibid., line 15. 

Botoniam. — Buttevant. — J. CPD. 

Ibid., line 16. 
Thathmelage et Ardart. — Timoleague and Ardfert. — J. CD. 

Ibid., line 17. 
Clonranda. — Read Chnzouda, i. e. Clonzode, County Clare. — J. O'D. 

Ibid., line 18. 
Kylleyht — Cill-achaidh Droma-foda, now Killeigh, near Geshill, King's County. 
— J. 0'X>. 

Page 44, line 15. 
In vigilia vigiliee vid. ex feria Alexi — The words " vid. ex feria" are wrong, and 
ought to be omitted. The feast of St. Alexius was the 17th of July, and the vigil of 
that feast fell on Monday, in the year 1330. 

Page 45, line 34. 
Justiciarium suspenderunt. — See Clyn, p. 31, supra, for the correct account of these 
transactions, by which it appears that it was the Lord Justice who hanged the knights, 
not the knights that hanged the Lord Justice. Moreover, the Lord Justice at this 
time was not Sir Walter Bermingham (who did not come into office for four years 
after), but Sir Ralph Ufford. 



INDEX. 






INDEX*. 



Page. 
A. 

ABraham (Habraham), 2 

Aeon, 36 

Adam, 1, 2, 37 

Admacart, 17 

Ahtenry. Vide Athenry. 

Ahtkyppe, 9 

Ahtlone. Vide Athlone. 

Alanus, Episcopus Lysmoriensis, . . 8 

Albanus, 4 

Albino, Johannes de Sancto, .... 26 

Alemaine 28 

Alexander, Papa, 7 

Alexander IV. Papa, 6 

Alexandria, 4 

Alfredus, 5 

Alphonsus (Emflius), Edwardi III. fil., 10 

Ambrosius, Mediolnensis 3 

Anastatius, [i. e. Athanasius] S., . . ib. 

Anastasius, Imperator, 4 

Anglia, 5,6,7,19,29,35 

Angulo, David de, 25 

Remundus de ib. 

Anselmus, Archiepiscopus Cantuariensis, 5 

Antiochia, 2 

Antonius, Beatus, 7 



Page. 
Any, 29 

Arcedekne, Remundus, 27 

Arclo, 28 

Castrum de, 24 

Ardart, 29 

Ardmachia, 39 

Ardscol, 34 

Arimathia (Josephus de), .30 

Aron (Arran), insula, 26 

Aragonia, 10 

Arriana, Heresis, 3 

Athbo, Villa de, 17 

Athebo 32 

Athenry (Ahtenry) 12, 15 

Dominus de, Ricardus Brimeg- 

ham, 15 

Athlone (Ahtloun), 39 

Athur 22 

Athyssell, 18,21 

Audele, Jacobus de (Justiciarius Hiber- 

nie), 9 

Augustus Cessar, i. e. Octavianus, . . 1 
Augustinus, (Sanctus), Hipponensis, . 3,4 

I^S.) Cantuariensis, ... 4 

Aurelius Ambrosius, 4 

Austria, 6, 8 



72 



Page. 

Aveneil, Nicholaus de, 11 

Avenel, Andreas, 27 

Avinio, 13, 35 

A(w)dayr [Adare], 1 1 



B. 



Bagot, Geraldus, \ . . 26 

Baldismer, Bartholomeus, 15 

Balilethan 12,32 

Balkynglas, 12 

Balygaveran (Balligaveran, Baligaveran), 

14, 23, 28, 29 

Balymotha (Clerevoyse), Castrum de, . 32 

Bargum, 19 

Barry, David de, 9 

Barry, David de, Dominus de Olethan, . 26 

Nacio de, 33 

Robertus de, 31 

Stephanus de, Minister Fratr. 

Minor., 27 

Barwycum (Berwick), 39 

Bathe, Adam de, 27 

Howelus de, Archidiaconus Os- 

sorie, ib. 

Thomas, 26 

Bavarie, Lodovicus Dux, 19 

Bayloyle, Edwardus, 24 

Bayllol, Edwardus, 25 

Beda, 4,5 

Behtfordia, 38 

Beket, David, 22, 26 

Benedictus, Beatus, 4 

Bercley, Castrum de, 18 

Bermegham (vide Birmegham et Bri- 

megbam), W., 33 

Bermegham, Walterus, Justiciarius Hi- 

bernie, 33, 34 

Bernardus, Beatus, 5 

Bethe, 39 



Page. 

Bethlehem (Behtleem) 3 

Beufo, Jacobus, 21 

Beverlacus, 39 

Bigenor, Alexander, Archiepiscopus Dub- 

linie, 27 

Birmegham, Walterus (vide Bermegham 

et Brimegham) 23 

Bloys de, Karolus, Dux Brittanie, . . 34 

Bodminia, 38 

Boemie, Rex, 33 

Bonefacius, Papa, 4 

Bonevyl, Johannes, 11 

Bonrat, Castrum de, 24 

Bonratte, Bellum de, 11 

Bordgwyl, 32 

Bote (Bute), insula, 26 

Botiller le, David, 21 

Edmundus, 11,15,22 

Jacobus, . . . 21,24,25,28,35 

— Comes Ermonie, . . 19 

Johannes Primogenitus Jacobi, 



Com. Ormonie 22, 

Johannes, 14 

Laurencius, 29 

Ricardus, 17 

Theobaldus, 8 

Thomas, 21 

Willielmus, 17 

Boton, Botonia, 17, 39 

Boun, Umfrey de, Comes Herefordie, . 15 

Breffinia, 39 

Bregenohrt, ib. 

Brigida, Virgo, 4 

Brimegham. Vide Bermegham et Bir- 



megham. 



Andreas 14, 15 

Gilbertus, Dominus, . . 22 
Johannes, . . 13, 14, 17, 23 
- Comes de Lowht, 20 



Petrus, 11 



73 



Page. 

Brimegham, Ricardus 12, 15 

. Robertus, 22 

— Walterus, ib. 

. Willielmus, . 14, 19, 22, 23 

Dominus, . . 20, 

22, 24 

Brit, Johannes le, 27 

Philippus, 22 

Britannia, 3, 4, 5, 32, 34 

Johannes de, Comes Richmon- 

die, 15 

Britis, nacio de, 33 

Bristollum, Bristollia, .... 18, 34, 38 

Bruge, Walterus, 38 

Brus le, Rex Scotorura, 33 

David, 25 

Edwardus, 14 

Edwardus, Rex Hibernie, . . 12 

Robertus, . . . 11, 12, 18, 20,25 

Brytannia. Vide Britannia. 

Burbrigs, 15 

Burgo, illi de, 19 

Gyle, uxor Richardi de Man- 

deville, . 25 

Hillarius de, 21 

Johannes de, . . . . 11,18,20 

Katerina, uxor Mauricii, fil. 



Thomae de, 24 

Ricardus de, . . . . 7,11,20 

Comes Ultonie, . . 10 

et Do- 
minus Connacie, 18 

Walterus de, . . . 9, 21, 24, 25 

Comes Ultonie, . . 8 

Willielmus de, . . 11, 12, 16, 18 

Comes Ultonie, . 19, 21 



Burgo, Willielmus de, Comes Ultonie et 

Dominus Connactie 24 

Burgudini, ib. 

Byggenor, Alexander, Archiep. Dublin, 14, 27 
IRISH AKCH. SOC. L 



Page. 



Calce, Hugo de, 35 

Calisia, 34 

Callan, 10, 30 

Adam de, Gardianus de Ros, . 25 

Calvah, 10 

Calvaht, frater O'Conkur, .... 11 

Cancie, Comes de, Godwinus, ... 5 

Canicus Sanctus Abbas, 33 

Cantewel, Thomas 25 

Cantibrigia, 38 

Cantii, Comes, Eadmundus, .... 21 
Canteton [vid. Caunteton et Canteton], 19 
David 11 

Guydo, 26 

Hugo 20 

Jacobus, 13 

Johannes de, ib. 

Mauricius de, 11 

Willelmus, filius Mauricii de, 15 

Cantitonenses, 15, 19 

Cantonences, 37 

Cantuaria 38 

Cantuariensis, Archiepiscopus, . . 5, 6, 7 
Cant well. Vide Cantewel. 

Capella de, Henricus, 13 

Carlachia, 38 

Carliolum, . . ib. 

Carmerdina, 38 

Carolus. Vide Karolus. 

Carrig, Castrum et locus de 27 

CartucieDsis, Ordo, 6 

Cassel 39 

Casselensis, Archiepiscopus, David, . . 8 
Casselensis, Archiepiscopus, J. M'Carwyll, 21 
Johannes 

O'Grada, 31 

. - — Walterus le 

Rede, 22 



74 



Page. 
Casselensis, Archiepiscopus, Willelmus 

fit Johannis, 13, 18 

Castrum Insule [Castle Island], ... 31 

Kevini, 30 

de Leye, 32 

de Menaht [Kenagh.], . .31 

Viride, 30 

Cathirlaht [Carlow], 37 

Cathyrlaht, 18,21 

Caunteton, Jordanus, 24 

Mattheus, 16 

Robertus, ib. 

Caustona [Gavaston], Petrus de, ..11 

Cicilie, Rex, 13, 30 

Celestinus, Papa, 4 

Cestria, 39 

Cistercienses, 7, 36 

Chichestria, 38 

Christianus, Legatus in Hibernia, . . 5 

Clan (Capitulum apud), 31 

Clare, 39 

(Capitulum apud), 14 

Clare, Elizabetha de 20 

Gilbertus de, ib. 

Comes Glocestrie, 10, 1 1 

Ricardus de, 13 

Comes Glocestrie, . 8 



Thomas de, 10 

Clar-Goly, 26 

Clarevallis, 5, 6 

Clemens, Papa, 11 

V., 31 

VI., 34, 35 

XL, H 

Clerevoyse, 32 

Clifford, Robertus de, 11 

Rogerus de, 15 

Clodaht, 32 

Clodio, 4 

Clomele 28,31 



Page. 

Clonmele 9,23,29 

Clonmore, Castrum de, 24 

Clonronda, 39 

Clounmele, ">• 

Clyn, Frater, Gardianus de Carrig, . . 27 

Johannes, 37 

Cnokfergus, "4 

Cogan, Johannes de 8, 1 1 

Colaht, Villa de, 30 

Colcestria 38 

Comyn, Willielmus, 12 

Conale, Domus de, 7 

Connaccia(Connactia), vid. Burgo, 12, 32,34 

Connacie, Rex, 9, 32 

Constantius, 3 

Constantinus, 3, 4 

Constantinopolis, 4 

Conteton, Reginaldus, 15 

Willelmus, ib. 

Conton, Robertus, 29 

Conyl, Castrum de, 13, 37 

Coradellus, Imperator Graecorum, ... 7 
Coreagiensis Episcopus, M'Carwyll, . 21 
Cornubia, Comes de, Johannes de Eltham, 19 

Cork, 10, 17 

Corkagensis Custodia, 39 

Cosdra, Rex Persarum, 45 

Coteres, 31 

Courcy, vide Curcy, 7 

Coventreya, 38 

Cragfergus 39 

Crok, cognomen de, 16 

Henricus, Dominus, .... 12 

Johannes, 1 1 

Cumbyr 20 

Cumcy [Cumscy], 39 

Dominus de, Johannes de Sancto 

Albino 26 

Johannes, 27 

Curcy, Johannes de, 6 



75 



Page. 



Dalkey, 35 

Dagworht, Thomas, 34 

Darcy, Johannes, 26 

. Justiciarius Hibernie, 16 

David, Propheta, 2 

Archiepiscopus Casselensis, . . 8 

Filius Alexandri, Rupensis, . . 23 

Filius David, 32 

Prior de Inystyoke, .... 17 

(le Brus) Rex Scotorum, . . 33 

Dene, Johannes de, 12 

Thomas de, .22 

Willelmus de, ..... 8 

Dermod Oge, 20 

Dernaht, 13 

Desertum, 39 

Desmonia, 8,26,30,31,32 

Comes de, 28 

Mauricius, filius 

Thome 21,23,27,29,30,31 

Desmoniae Rex 17 

Dioclesian, 3 

Dionysius, 3 

Dispensatores, 18 

Dominicus, Beatus, 7 

Don, Thomas, 13 

Dondalke. Vide Dundalke. 

Donhulle, Baro de, 19 

Donmaske, 8 

Dorcestria, 38 

Douglas, Willielmus de, 33 

Dowsky, monachi de, 22, 23 

Drumhyrthyr, 20 

Drouda, Conventus Minorum de, . . 36 

Droukeda, 34 

Drovda (Drovhda), 35 

Dublinia, . 9, 17, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 

34, 35, 36, 39 



Page. 
Dublinia, Abbacia Beate Marie, . . 10 

Archiepiscopus, 35 

Alexander Bi- 

genor, 14, 27 

Fulco, . . 9 

Lucas, . . 8 



Castrum de, 32 

Ecclesia Trinitatis, .... 10 

Exactor Fisci, Hugo de Calce, 35 

Hospitalorum Ordo, ... 17 

Portus de, 23 

Predicatorum locus, ... 10 

Universitas, 14 

Dufford (Ufford de), Radulphus, . . 30 

Duffyr, O'Brynnys de, 26, 27 

Duleke, 32 

Duncastria 39 

Dundalk (Dundalke, Doudalk), . 9, 11, 12, 

14, 33, 39 

Dunde, 39 

Dunelm, 33 

Dunfres, 39 

Dunhulle, Baro de la Poer, . . .19,20 

Dunmaske, Castro de, 30 

Dunum, Capitulum apud, 11 

Civitas, 8 

locus, 39 

Dunstanus, Beatus 5 

Dunwycum, 38 

E. 

Eadmundus, Comes Cantii, . . . . 21 

Eboracum, locus, 39 

Eboracensis, Archiepiscopus 33 

Robertus, . 6 

Edmund, Archiepiscopus Cantuar, . . 7 

Edmundus, Rex Martyr, 5 

Edwardus, Beatus 5 

filius Henrici III., . . . 7, 8 



L2 



7 6 



Page. 
Edwardus, filius Edwardi II., ... 11 

Martyr, 5 

Rex Anglie, 5, 9 

Edwardus V. (II.), 14, 15, 18 

III., . . 11,18,19,21,28,33 

Elena, '. . . . 4 

Eleutherius, Papa, 3 

Eltham, Johannes de, Comes Cornubie, 19 

Ely, 17 

Elycarwell, ib. 

Elycarwyl, Princeps de, O'Carwyl, . . 33 
Emflues (Alphonsus), fil. Edwardi IV., 10 

Eraclius, 4 

Ercedekne, Johannes le, miles factus, . 30 

Patricius, 26 

Remundus, 26 

Ricardus, ib. 30 

Silvester, ib. 

Willelmus, ib. 

Ergalie 33 

Ermonia (Hermonia), Castra de, . . 34 

Comes de, . . . 28, 29, 34, 35 

Jacobus, . 25, 26, 27 

Evesa, 28 

Exonia, 38 

Exoniensis, Episcopus (Walterus Sta- 

pleton), 18 

F. 

Fanyn, Thomas, 25 

Faramundus, 4 

Ferers, Thomas, Comes de, .... 15 

Felix, Papa, 4 

Fermoy, 23 

Fernegylan, ib. 

Fernensis, Episcopus, Hugo de Saltu, . 34 

Filius Geraldi, 8 

Johannes, 19 

• Mauricius, 9 



Page. 

Filius Henrici Mathias, 27 

Meylerus, 7, 8 

Filius Johannis, Thomas, Comes Kildare 

et Justiciarius, 19 

Willielmus, Episcopus Os- 

soriensis et Archiepiscopus Casselen- 

sis, 10, 13, 18 

Filius Mauricii, Geraldus, . . . 7, 10 

Mauricius, 8 

Thomas, 11 

Willelmus 15, 17 

Filius Nicholai, Mauricius 29 

Filius Oliveri, Mattheus, 26 

Filius Philippi, Mauricius, Dominus, . 23 

Ricardus, . . . . 23 

Filius Roberti, Jacobus, 20 

Filius Thomas Johannes, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16 

Katerina, uxor Mauricii, 24 

Ricardus, 23 

Mauricius, 16, 18, 19, 23, 24, 

29, 30 

Comes Desmonie, • 

1, 3, 6, 7, 9, 31 
Comes Kildarie, . 34 



Flandrenses, 38 

Francia, 4, 18, 33, 34 

Francie, Rex, 29 

Ludovicus (IX.) . . . . 9 

Franciscus, Beatus, 7, 9 

Fredericus, Imperator, 8 

Frene, Fulco de la, 14, 26, 27, 28, 33, 34, 35, 

37 

Seneschallus Kilken- 

nie, 30 

Galfridus, 25 

Oliverus Seneschallus Kil- 



kennie, 28, 34 

Rogerus, Seneschallus Kilken- 

nie, 34 

Vicecomes Kilkennie, 33 



77 



Page. 

Fulco, Archiepiscopus Dublinie, ... 9 

Fjf, Comes dc, 33 

Fynaborensis, Episcopus, Johannes Lav- 

naht, 15 

Fynnowyr, 32 

G. 

Gallia, 3 

Gallicus 18 

Galwy, 39 

Gavaston, Petrus (Caustona), ... 11 

Gepwycum, 38 

Geraldi, Mauricius, 31 

Geraldini 19, 24 

Germanus, Sanctus, 4 

Gernemuta, 38 

Glandelory, 9 

Glosconia, 30 

Gloucestria, 38 

Gloucester, Comes de, De Clare, . 8, 1 1 

Glovernia, 19 

Comes de, 18 

Eliz. fil. Comitis de, . . . 20 

Godwinus, Com. Cancie, 5 

Granduensium, Ordo, 6 

Gregorius, Papa, 4, 7, 9 

Grandissono, Willimus de, .... 29 

Granntebrigia, 3S 

Grant le, Willielmus, ... . 30, 32 

Gras le, Nicholaus, 33 

Gras le, Robertus 32 

Grasis Castel, 19 

Grasse le David, 14 

Hamundus, 12 

Oliver us, 14 

Greyn, 27 

Grimisbia, 39 

Gronthamia, 38 

Grostete, Robertus, Episcopus Lincoll- 

niensis, • . 8 



Page. 

Gyle de Burgo, uxor Ricardi Mande- 
vyle, 25 



H. 



Habraham (Abraham) 2 

Hacket (Haket), Willielmus, ... 10, 23 

Hadyngtona, 39 

Hales, Alexander, 8 

Hameste, 5 

Hanaudie, Comes, 18 

Haraldus, 5 

Harclay, Andreas, 15 

Hastings, Laurencius de, Comes Pem- 

brochie, 35 

Helena (Elena), 4 

Hely de, Johannes de Barry, .... 17 

Henricus I., 5 

II 6 

III., 7, 8, 9 

Comes de Lancastria, ... 19 

Henricus, vel Edwardus, Primogenitus 

Edwardi III., 22 

Herefordia 18, 38 

Comes de, Omfreyde Boun, 15 

Herefordensis, Episcopus, Thomas Schar- 

lyngton 28 

Hermonia. Vide Ermonia. 

Herodes, 2 

Hertpollia, 39 

Hibernia (Hybernia), 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, 

14, 16, 18, 20, 23, 2G, 29, 37, 38 

Magnates de, 13 

Minister de, 9, 38 

Monachi 5 

Pauperes Religiosi, ... 17 

Pestilencie Quinque, ... 38 

Hilarius, Sanctus, 3 

Hispania, 3 

Hoddinet, Philippus, 20 



7 8 



Page. 

Hodinetis, 33 

Honorius, Papa 7 

Hospitalariorum, Ordo, . . . 6, 9, 17 
Hoepitalis, Franncie Prior, .... 33 

Howht, 35 

Hybernia. Vide Hibernia. 

I. 

Innocentius (Innocentius) 7,8 

Insularum Rex, 31 

Inystyoke, 17 

Isabella, Regina Anglie, 18 

Italia 35 

J. 

Jacobus, frater Domini, 3 

■ Pincerna Hibernie, .... 21 

Jeriponte, 23 

Jevonimus (Jerorvymus), 3, 4 

Jerusalem (Jerosolyma), . . 4, 5, 6, 7, 36 

Rex, Robertus, 30 

Johannes, Baptista, 1,2 

Evangelista, 2, 3 

Filius Henrici 6 

Frater, Minister Hibernie, . 38 

Papa (XXII.) 13 

Rex, 7 

Joseph ab Arimathea 30 

Judea, 4 

Justiciarius Hibernie, Audele, Jacobus, 9 

Bermigham, Wal- 

terus, 33, 34 

Biimegham, Jo- 
hannes, 14 

Darcy, J., . . . 16 

de la Dene, Wil- 

lielmus, 8 

■ Lucy, Antonius, 23, 24 



Page. 

Justiciarius Hibernie, filius Geraldi Mau- 
ricius 8 

filius Johannis Tho- 
mas, 19 

Herefordensis Epis- 

copus, Thomas, 28 

Mortuo Mari, Ro- 

gerus de, 13 

Rokele, Ricardus 

de la, 8 

Sharlyngton, Jo- 
hannes 28 

Ufford, Radulphus 

de. 30, 31, 32 

Robertus de, 9 



K. 



Karlel, Comes de, Andreas Harclay, . 15 

Karolus, 5, 9 

Karolus, qui fuit Gallicus, 10 

Karrev, Johannes de, Dominus, ... 32 

Katerina, filia Mauricii, 19 

uxor Maurici, fili Thome, . 11 

Virgo, 4 

Kevanaht Murcardaht (Kevenaht), . . 35 

Kenlys in Ossoria, 19, 33 

Kerdinia, 38 

Kettle (Kyteler), Alice, 16 

Ketyng, Jacobus, '. . 20 

Ketyng, Robertus, ib. 

Ketyngis, 19,33 

Kevini, Castrum, 30 

Kilderia (Kyldaria) 10, 39 

Capitulum de, 14 

Comes 10, 18, 23 

Thomas, 16 

Maurieius, fil. Thome, 34 

Johannes, fil. Thome, 12 



79 



Page. 
Kilkennia, . 10, 15, 22, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 

34,39 

Castrum, 28 

Ecclesia Beate Yirginis, . 17, 30 

Sancti Kannici, . . 24 

Minores Fratres, 1 1, 24, 28, 34 

Parliamentum, 11 

Predicatores Fratres, ... 37 

Seneschallus de, Arnold le 

Poer, 16 

Eustachius 

le Poer, 28 

- Fulco de la 

Frene, 30 

Oliverus de 

la Frene, 34 

, Rogerus de 

la Frene, ib. 

Vicecomes de, . . . . 19, 33 

Kilmaynan, 16, 32 

Kylmydan, . . . 19 

Kirrigia, Mauricius de, 11 

Nicholaus de, ib. 

Knockfergus, Castrum de, 24 

Kyldare. Vide Kildare. 
Kylkennia. Vide Kilkennia. 

Kylkyban, 29 

Kylleght, 39 

Kylmehyde, 32 

Kylsylan, 31 

Kyrigan, ib. 

Kysekyl, 31 

Kyteler. Vide Kettle. 

L. 

Lacy, de, 13 

Hugo, 6, 7 

Walterus, 16 

Lagenia, 13, 27, 32, 34 



Page. 
Lamasia, 39 

Lancastrie, Comes Henricus, . . . 19,31 
Thomas 15 

Matilda fil. Comitis, . . 30 

Lande, de la, Nicholaus, 15 

Larokele, Willielmus, 10 

Launde, de la, Gregorius, 26 

Laurentius, Martyr, 3 

Lavnaht (Laynach), Johannes, Episco- 

pus Lismorensis, 15 

Leddrede, Ricardus Episc. Ossor., 13, 16 
Legenia. Vide Lagenia. 

Lemia, 38 

Lenfant, Walterus, 34 

Lercedekene (ErcedekeneJ, Patricius, . 12 

: Remundus, 27 

Lesse, Thomas de, 13 

Lehtlenensis Episcopus, M. le Poer, . 14 

Lewelyn, Princeps, 9 

Lewysia, 8, 38 

Leye, de, Castrum, .... 8,9,21,32 

Leycestria, 38 

Comes de, Thomas, ... 15 

Libanus, 36 

Lichfeldia, 38, 39 

Limericum (Lymericum), . . 6,17,23,39 

Episcopus, M. de Rocheford, 28 

Lincolnia, 39 

Comes, Thomas 15 

LincollniensLs Episcopus, Robertus Gros- 

tete, 8 

Lismoriensis Episcopus, Alanus, ... 8 

J. Lavnaht, . . 15 

Loddyn, Mons de, 13 

Lodovicus, 5 

Archiepiscopus Tolosanus, . 13 

Dux de Bavaria 19 

Rex Francie, 9 

Logan, Johannes de, 24 

Londinium, . . 5, 7, 14, 15, 18, 21, 38, 39 



8o 



Page. 

Lowth (Lowht), 18, 23 

Comes de, Johannes de Brime- 

gham, 20 

Lucanus, Poeta 3 

Lucas, Archiepiscopus Dublinie, . . 8 

Lucius, Imperator, 4 

Papa 3 

Rex Brittanie, 3 

Lucy, Antoeius de, Justiciarius Hiber- 

nia 23,24 

Ludovicus. Vide Lodovicus. 

Lugdunum, 8, 9, 17 

Lymeric. Vide Limeric. 
Lysmore. Vide Lismore. 
Lyvet, Johannes de, 14 



M. 



M c Arthur, Thomas, ...... 30 

M c Dermada, . 31 

M c Gilpatrick (M'Gilpadricke), Carwill. 
Princeps, 32, 33 

Dermicius, 32 

Donatus, 20, 22 

Dovenaldus Duff, ... 17 

Fynyn, 24 

Galfridus 22 

Hogekyn 9 

Raynyl", 29 

— Scanlan (Scanleus), . . 24, 27 

M c Hokegan, 21 

Mackanfy, 8 

M c Karthy, 29 

— • Donatus Carbraht, .... 26 

Oge, Dermicius, Rex Desmonie, 17 

M c Carwyll, David, Archiep. Cass., . . 8 
Johannes, Episcopus et Ar- 
chiepiscopus, 21 

M c Moorke, Kevenach, Donatus, ... 38 



M'Morkada (Mac Morcada), 



Page. 
15, 22, 27, 

29, 30 

. Dermicius (Dermitius), . 6, 9 

Dovenaldus, 35 

M'Morkada, Art, 9 

M e Nemare, 24 

Nicholaus, 21 

Majoricarum, Rex, 33 

Malachias, 6 

Archiepiscopus Ardmacanus, 5 

Malahtlyng O'Konkour, 21 

Malmortha O'Konkour, 20 

Mandevyle, Johannes, 25 

Martinus, 24 

Ricardus, 23, 24 

Robertus, 24 

Marchie, Comes Rogerus de Mortuo 

Mari, 19,22 

Marchus, 3 

Marcilia, 30 

Mareys, Ricardus de, 27 

Maria, Mater Domini, 3 

Magdalene, ib. 

Mariscalli, Comes Ricardus, .... 7 

Marisco, Sylvestre de, 14 

Willelmus, 7, 14 

Martinus, 3 

Episcopus Turonensis, . . . 3, 4 

Mattheus, 2,9 

Matilda, uxor W. de Buraro, .... 19 

Radulphi d'Ufford, . . 30 

Maxentius, Imperator, 4 

Maynoht, 19 

Media. Vide Midia. 

Mediolanum, 4 

I Mellifontis Abbacia, 5 

| Memertus, Sanctus, 4 

| Meylerus, filius Henrici, 7, 8 

I Radulphus, 29 

I Michaell, Episcopus Ossoriensis, ... 10 



Page. 
Midia (Media), . . . . 13,14,16,34 

Petronilla de, 16 

Midensis Episcopus, M'Carwyll, . . .21 

Milleborne, Nacio de, 33 

Minorum, Ordo, . . 7, 13, 24, 26, 27, 39 

Conventus de Drouda, 36 

: Dublinie Capitulum, . 9 

Kilkennie, 8, 16, 28, 34, 37 

Capitulum, . 11 

Yohil, ib. 

Molingar, 21 

Molynfarnan, 39 

Molyng, Sanctus, 15 

Momonia, 13, 27, 34 

Menaht Castrum, 31 

Mondessyl 30 

Monsel, Johannes, Miles, ..... 22 

Monteforte, Symon, 8 

Morkardaht, 9 

Mortuo Mari, Rogerus de, . . 13, 16, 30 

Com. de Marchie, 1 9, 22 

Mortuo Mari, Rogerus, Dominus de, . 18 

. Justiciarhis, . 13 

Moubrey, Dominus, ....... 33 

Mounbrey, Johannes de, 15 

Moyalby, 22 

Moyarfe, 20 

Moytobyr, ' 25 

Multon, Thomas de, 18 

Mylborne, Matheus, 17 

N. 

Nasse, Willielmus, 27 

Nathyrlah Brein de, 24 

Nathyrlaght, . , 25 

Neapolis, 30 

Nenaght, 34, 35, 39 

Ybreyn, 16 

Nero 3 

IRISH ARCH SOC. 



Page. 

Neyvil, Dominus, 33 

Nicenum Concilium, 3 

Nicholaus, filius Willielmi, 17 

Papa, 9 

Tribunus, 35 

Normannia, 5 

Norraht, Philippus de, 11 

Northamptona, 38 

Adam, Episcopus Fernensis, 33 

Norwangia, 25 

Norwich, 6 

Norwicum, 38 

Nothyngama, ib. 

Novum Castrum, 39 

Noynn, Archiepiscopus de, 33 



O. 



. 25 
19, 20 



Obargi, heres, Johanna Purcell, 

O'Brananys, 

O'Brennis. Vide O'Brynnis. 

O'Bren, Bren, 17, 24, 27 

O'Breyn, Breyn, 21, 23, 34 

Konkur, 21 

Willelmus, Carraght, ... 25 

O'Bryn, Brien, 27 

O'Brynnis, O'Brynnys, O'Brennis, 26, 27, 28 

Duffyr de, 26, 27 

O'Carwyllis. Vide O'Karwyl. 

O'Codtanys, 15 

O'Conkur, Regulus de Offaly {vide 

O'Konkur), 11 

O'Conyl, 31 

Octavian, 1, 2 

O'Donyn, 21 

O'Dymiscy 21,29,33,34 

Dermicius, 32 

Offaly, 10 

. O'Conkur, Regulus de, ... 11 

Princeps de, 20 



M 



82 



Page. 

O'Grada, Johannes, Archiepiscopus Cas- 

selensis 31 

O'Kally, Radulphus, Archiep. Cassel., ib. 
O'Karwyl, O'Carwyl, O'Kayrwill, 17, 27, 33 

Cam 20 

: Donatus, 13 

Rodericus, 33 

Thadeus, Princeps Elycarwyl, ib. 

O'Kenidy, Domenaldus 34 

Philippus, ib. 

O'Kensely, 30 

O'Konchour, 14 

Malahtlyng 20 

OKonkur 32 

Rex Connacie, ib. 

Olethan 26 

O'Morchys, 12, 18 

O'Morthe 32,33 

Cornelius (Conyl), .... 37 

Da%id ib. 

. Donatus, 14 

Johannes, 14 

Leyath, Leysart, Leysaght, 

26, 27, 29 
Rury, 33, 37 

O'Nolan 21, 29 

Henricus, 15 

Philippus, 24 

Ricardus, 22 

O'Nolanys, 14,15,21,29 

O'Neyl, Henricus, Rex Ultonie, ... 30 

O'Done (Odo), ib. 

O'Neyl, Regulus Ultonie, 8 

Robertus, 20 

Ormonia (vide Ermonia, Hermonia), 

Comes de, 21,24 

Comes de, Jacobus le Botiller, 22 

Orosius, 1 

O'Ryan, Herry, 27 

Ossoria, 17, 19, 27, 37 



* Page. 

Ossoria, Archidiaconus de, Howelus de 

Bathe, 27 

Ossoriensis Episcopus, Galfridus, . . 10 

Michael, . . . ib. 

Ricardus, • . 16,35 

Willelmus, Alius 

Johannis, 10, 18 

O'Thohyl, 22 

O'Thothyl Murkyht Nicol, .... 25 

Owtlaw, Rogerus, 29 

Willelmus 17 

Oxonia, 38 

Comes de, Johannes de Weyr, . 32 

P. 

Palladius, 5 

Palmer, Isabella, Domina, 34 

Parisius, 3 

Pascha, 1 

Patmos (Pahtmos), 3 

Patricius, Sanctus, 4 

Paulus, " 2, 3 

Pembrochie Comes, L. de Hastingis, . 35 

Eymerus de, Valencia, . . 16 

Percy, Dominus, 33 

Petrus, . • • 3, 8 

Pharamond (Faramundus), .... 4 

Philippus, Rex, 6, 10 

Pincerna Hibernie, 24, 28 

—Edmundus, 11, 13, 14 

Jacobus 21 

_ Theobaldus, ... 10 

Poer. Arnoldus le, 12,14 

Arnold, Seneschalus Kilkennie, 

16, 20 

Benedictus 19 

Eustachius, . . . 11,25,32,33 

Seneschalus Kilkennie, 28 

Johannes, Baro de Dunhalle, . 20 

Dominus, .... 19 



* Page. 

Poer, Meylerus, Episcopus Lehtlinen- 

sis, 14 

. Philippus, 11 

Petrus, Baro de Dunhalle, . . 19 

Poerini, 19 

Pontdris, 39 

Pons, ib. 

Pontensis Civitas 13 

Predicatorum Ordo, . . . . 7, 19, 34, 37 

Premonstratensis Ordo, 5 

Prendergast, Philippus, 31 

Willielmus 12 

Prestona, 39 

Purcell, Johanna, 25 

Purcelles 34 

Purcyl, Symon, Vicecomes Kilkennie, . 19 

R. 

Radingia, 38 

Rahtgormocke, 19 

Rahtymegan, 28 

Ravennarum Archiepiscopus, Vassali For- 

tenarus, 35 

Raynyl M'Gilpatrick, 29 

Rechefordis {vide Rocheford^, . . . ib. 

Johannes de, . . . . 27, 28 

Petrus de, 14 

Rede, Walterus de la, Archiepiscopus 

Cassellensis, 22 

Ricardus, Comes Ultonie, 11 

Episcopus Ossoriensis, . 1G,35 

Ricardus, Alius Henrici III 8 

Rex (I.), 6,7 

(II.) 22 

Richmond, Comes de, J., 15 

Richmundia, 39 

Robertus, Archiepiscopus Eboracensis, . 6 

Rex Jerusalem, 30 

Rocheford (Recheford), Geraldus, . . 31 



Page. 

Rocheford. Mauricius, Episcopus Limerici, 2S 

Rochysburgia, 39 

Rochfalyahr, Geraldus, rilius Mauricii, . 10 

Rohtgrasse, Thomas, 25 

Rokele, Ricardus de la, 8, 22 

Roma 1, 2, 3, 7, 35 

Ros, Rosse, . . 8, 10, 14, 19, 25, 29, 31, 39 

Capitulum 13 

Roscre, 28 

Rupe, Georgius de, 23, 33 

Gilbertus, 14 

Johannes, 19, 33 

Patricius, 11 

Willielmus, 19 

Rupenses, 11, 17, 23 

Rupella, Johannes de, 8 

S. 

Salisbiria, 38 

Salopidia, 39 

Saltu, Hugo de, Episcopus Fernensis, . 34 
Sampforde, Johannes de, Archiepiscopus 

Dublinie, 9, 10 

Sannes, Archiepiscopus de, .... 33 
Sancto Albino, Cognomen de, . . 1 9, 30 

J. Dominus de Cumcy, . 26 

Johannes, . . .22, 27, 29 

Walt. Oge, .... 27 

Walterus, . 27, 28, 29, 30 

Sancti Canici Campanile, .... 24, 33 

Scrinium, 33 

Sancto Leodogario, Galfridus de, Epis- 
copus Ossoriensis, 10 

Willelmus, ... 19 

Sanctus Botulfus, 39 

Edmundus, 38 

Savage, Willielmus, 13 

Say, Margaria, uxor Roberti de Uf- 

ford, 9 



84 



Page. 

Scardeburgia, 39 

Schorthalis, Galfridus, 28 

Scorthals, Robertus, 16 

Scotia, 10, 15 

Scotie, Rex, David le Brus, ... 25, 33 

Seneca, 3 

Serrkeran, Manerium de 10 

Serenus, Imperator, 4 

Severinus, ib. 

Scharlyngton, Johannes, Jnsticiarius, . 28 
Thomas, Episcopus Here- 

fordensis 28 

Sylvester, Papa, 4 

Sixtus, Papa, 3 

Skethrys, 12 

Skrope, Henricus, 32 

Slebania, Slesblania, 17, 32 

Slemargys, O'Morthys de, 25 

Soraboitarum Secta, 11 

Southampton, . 38 

Spenser, Hugo de, 14, 15, 18 

Stafordia, 38, 39 

Stapleton, Walterus, Episcopus Exoni- 

ensis 18 

Stephanus, Episcopus Waterford, . . 9 

Rex, 5 

Sanctus, 2, 4 

Strifling, 11 

T. 

Talon, Philippus, 15 

Tamisia, 5 

Tartdart, . , 17 

Templariorum Ordo, 6, 1 1 

Terra Sancta, 14, 27, 36 

Thagmolingis, villa de, 34 

Thaht Molyngis, 35 

Thalmolyn, Ecclesia, 15 

Thathmelage 39 



Page. 
Thomas, Archiepiscopus Cantuar., . . 6 

Thomas, Sanctus, ib. 

Thome Villa, 23 

Thurlis, vide Yrlef, 34 

Tiberis, 2 

Tiberius, 1 

Titus, 3 

Tolonenses 14 

Tolosanus, Archiepiscopus, Ludovicus, 13 

Totmonia, 9, 13, 17, 21 

Totraoy, 39 

Traherne, Henricus, 16, 21 

Traly, 17 

Travers, Patricius, 22 

Robertus, 22, 27 

Tribunus, Rome, 35 

Tripolis 36 

Tristeldermot, 8 

Trum, 39 

Turonis, 3 

Tyberary, 21, 25, 27, 28 

Tylaht, Rector de, Edwardus le Bo- 
tiller 15 

U. 

Ufford, Radulphus de, 32 

Justiciarius Hibernie, 

30, 31 

Robertus, 9 

Ultonia 6, 8, 12, 13, 30 

■ Comes de, Hugo de Lacy, . . 7 

Ultonia, Comes de, R. de Burgo, . . 18 

Ricardus, . . . 10, 1 1 

Willielmus de Burgo, 

19, 21, 22, 24 

V. 

Valencia, Eymmers de, Comes Pem- 
brochi, 16 



85 



Page. 

Valle de, 16, 19 

Galfridus 38 

Gilbertus 20 

Henricus, 28 

Remundus 20 

: Walterus, 16,28 

Vasconia, 7, 16 

Vassali Fortenarrus, Archiepiscopus Ra- 

venarum, 35 

Verdona, Johannes de, 9 

Milo, 14 

Nicholaus, . . . . 9, 11, 13, 34 

Vesey, de, Willielmus, 10 

Vespasian, 3 

Vienne Concilium, 11 

Vintonia, 38 

Viride Castrum, . . 30 

Vivianus, Legatus 6 

Wallia, 8, 9 

Waterfordia, . ... . - . 8,9,31,39 
Capitulum, 13 

W. 

Waterfordensis, Episcopu9, .... 14 

Nicbolaus 

Welyfed, 15 



Page. 
Waterfordensis, Episcopus, Nicholaus, -24 

Weyr, Johannes de, Comes de Oxonia, ,Vl 

Weysfordia, 22, 27, 39 

Wigornia, 38 

Wincestria 21 

Winchelsia, Wynchelsia • 3S 

Wintonia (Wyntonia), Comes de, . 18 

Willelmus, Dux Normannie, .... 5 

Puer, 6 

Rufus, 5 

Wogan, Thomas, 34 

Wykynlo, 39 

Wynchelsea. Vide Winchelsia. 
Wyntonia. Vide Wintonia. 

Y. 

Yoaellia, 9 

Ybreyn Nenaht, 16 

Ymerdoylan, 30 

Yniskysty, ,31 

Yohil 9, 11, 13, 39 

Yorlys 23 

Yrtlef, Yirlef, vide Thultis, . • 16, 21, 25 

Ysidorus, 5 

Ytalia. Vide Italia. 



FINIS 



IRISH AECH. SOC. 



N 



ANNALES BREVES HIBERNLE. 



THADDjEO dowling, 

CAXCF.IXARtO LECFTLINTN*!. 



SC5C PRISfCM 
EX CODICE MS. IN BIBLIOTHECA COLLEGII SS. TRINITATIS JUXTA DUBLIN TYPIS EDITI. 






11 



The Life of this learned and popular prelate was written by his 
chaplain, Thomas Brown, and " his Cronicle," preserved in the Yel- 
low Book of Leighlin, together with further collections made by 
Thomas Waterfeld, Archdeacon of Leio-hlin, seems to have formed 
the groundwork of the Irish collections subsequently made by Thady 
Dowling c , Treasurer and Chancellor of that diocese. 

That the following pages contain those collections in the state in 
which they were left by Dowling it would be rash to affirm. In such 
collections every transcriber thinks himself justified in adding new 
matter, and in omitting what he esteems the mistaken entries of the 
original compiler. In successive transcripts marginal observations 
are apt to steal into the text, and from the way in which Dowling is 
hereafter mentioned it would seem that he is rather the chief autho- 
rity than the sole compiler of these Annals. We must, however, 
observe, that in the manuscript they are ascribed to Dowling, and 
that we have found no quotation attributed to Dowling by Hanmer 
or Ussher, which is not to be found in these pages. 

It is evident that the compiler of these Annals had access to no 
contemptible library of printed books. Giraldus Cambrensis, Powell's 
Caradoc of Llancarvan, and probably that learned Welshman's other 
works on British History, Lanquet's Chronicle, continued by Bishop 
Cooper, Sir J. Eliot, Stowe, and Holinshed, form a library, for which 
many a modern clerical student of Irish history would envy Queen 
Elizabeth's Chancellor of Leighlin. Yet in Dowling's days the old 
cathedral town of St. Lazerian, looking from its sheltered slen and 
bright stream, across the rich plain of the Barrow, to the blue and 
undulating outline of Mount Leinster, beautiful as it ever must have 
been to the eye of the painter, was a place ill-fitted for quiet study 

and 

' Dowling died at Leighlin in 1628, in . the brief notice of him in Harris's Edition 
the eighty- fourth year of his age. — See of Ware's Writers, p. 99. 



11 

The Life of this learned and popular prelate was written by his 
chaplain, Thomas Brown, and " his Cronicle," preserved in the Yel- 
low Book of Leighlin, together with further collections made by 
Thomas Waterfeld, Archdeacon of Leighlin, seems to have formed 
the groundwork of the Irish collections subsequently made by Thady 
Dowling c , Treasurer and Chancellor of that diocese. 

That the following pages contain those collections in the state in 
which they were left by Dowling it would be rash to affirm. In such 
collections every transcriber thinks himself justified in adding new 
matter, and in omitting what he esteems the mistaken entries of the 
original compiler. In successive transcripts marginal observations 
are apt to steal into the text, and from the way in which Dowling is 
hereafter mentioned it would seem that he is rather the chief autho- 
rity than the sole compiler of these Annals. We must, however, 
observe, that in the manuscript they are ascribed to Dowling, and 
that we have found no quotation attributed to Dowling by Hanmer 
or Ussher, which is not to be found in these pages. 

It is evident that the compiler of these Annals had access to no 
contemptible library of printed books. Giraldus Cambrensis, Powell's 
Caradoc of Llancarvan, and probably that learned Welshman's other 
works on British History, Lanquet's Chronicle, continued by Bishop 
Cooper, Sir J. Eliot, Stowe, and Holinshed, form a library, for which 
many a modern clerical student of Irish history would envy Queen 
Elizabeth's Chancellor of Leighlin. Yet in Dowling's days the old 
cathedral town of St. Lazerian, looking from its sheltered glen and 
bright stream, across the rich plain of the Barrow, to the blue and 
undulating outline of Mount Leinster, beautiful as it ever must have 
been to the eye of the painter, was a place ill-fitted for quiet study 

and 

c Dowling died at Leighlin in 1628, in . the brief notice of him in Harris's Edition 
the eighty- fourth year of his age. — See of Ware's Writers, p. 99. 



Ill 



and learned research. The neighbouring monastery of the Carmelites 
at the bridge had been d converted into a royal garrison, and the 
goodly Barrow, as it flowed under its walls, reflected, not cowls and 
friars' frocks, but matchlocks and iron skull-caps. 

In this transmuted monastery, in the beginning of the rei^n of 
Edward VI., Sir Edward Bellingham 6 , Lord Deputy, kept a stall of 
twenty or thirty horse ; and it was from this house that he rode into 
Minister, to the house of the Earl of Desmond, when, bein^unlooked 
for and unthought of, he found the Earl sitting at his Christmas fire, 
and took him, and carried him away with him to Dublin. Some 
years later, and in the time of Dowling, Leighlin was the residence 
of one of these bold and accomplished soldiers, at once worldly and 
romantic, who gave strength and glory to the throne of Queen Eliza- 
beth. Here came Sir Peter Carew, who having been in his youth, as 
recorded by his faithful steward', at Constantinople in the Turk's 
court, at Vienna in the Emperor's palace, at Venice, and in the French 
king's court, and in the houses of most of all Christian princes, in 
every of which places he left some token of his value, settled down 
at Leighlin in his ripe manhood, determined to preserve by policy 
and the strong hand the great Irish inheritance which he claimed by 
descent, and had obtained by law. Here he kept continually, and 
here, as we shall find, he needed to keep, in his own private family, 
100 persons, and had always in readiness ioo horsemen, well ap- 
pointed, besides footmen, and ioo kerns; here his cellar door was 
never shut, and his buttery always open to all comers of any 
credit. Those days, however, of military strength and of proud 
hospitality, worthy of Branksome Hall, soon passed away ; and when 
that worthy knight, old Sir Peter, died at Ross, his cousin and heir, 

young 

d Dowling, p. 38. f Hooker, p. 323. 

e Hooker (ap. Holingshed), p. 376. 

a 2 



IV 



young Sir Peter, was unable to defend his inheritance. In 1580, as 
we learn from Dowling, there was a great slaughter committed by 
the Ketings at Leighlin, and at Glynmalowra, in the county of 
Wicklow, by the Byrnes, w T here young Sir Peter, Baron of drone, 
and Francis Cosby, Esq., captain of the loyal kerns of Leix, and 
Master Moore, and Bernard Fitzwilliam, captains, were killed, with 
many other gentlemen of estimation, by Fiagh Mac Hugh [O'Byrne], 
and other rebels, who afterwards, at the instigation of young Maurice 
Cavanagh of Garrowchill, burned ten townlands in Idrone, and car- 
ried off as prisoners Master Wood, who was probably one of the 
Chapter, and Roger Hooker, Dean of Leighlin. 
• The Chancellor relates the captivity of the Dean of Leighlin with 
great composure, indicating, perhaps, that Thady Dowling, with his 
two Irish names, had no great sympathy with this English-born 
Roger Hooker. Yet, if Roger Hooker, as seems likely, was the bro- 
ther of the writer, John Hooker, alias Vowell, and promoted by the 
interest of the bookish Carew, he was probably no unworthy head of 
the Chapter of Leighlin, and no unfit associate in Dowling's historical 
inquiries. If the Dean had his brother's learning it is to be hoped 
that he did not make as vain a display of it as was made by that 
worthy English gentleman, who, when member for Athenry, in Con- 
naught, in a speech reported by himself, assured the Irish House of 
Commons that the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, was treated by 
them as ungratefully as Moses had been treated, and Camillus, and 
Scipio, as Socrates, Themistocles, Miltiades, and others, and proved 
the same by various histories. Such learning we can w T ell spare, but 
it is to be lamented that the Dean has not left any record of his cap- 
tivity. It would be interesting to read how the English Protestant 
churchman, the friend of the Carews and the brother of their law- 
agent, was treated, in the fastnesses of Glenmalure, by this Fiagh 
Mac Hugh, in his house of Balinecorr, who, from being abase varlet, 

dared 



























' 









dared, in Spenser's time, " to front princes, and to make tearms with 
great potentates." 

The successor of scholars, such as were the scholars of the time", 
and, as we suppose, the companion of scholars, Dowling spent a long 
life in the discharge of his ecclesiastical functions, and in the study 
of the literature and history of his country. There is something 
pleasing in the picture of such a life in such times, and we like to 
think of the old man, in the midst of an unquiet generation, as a re- 
laxation from grave and important duties, now examining the new 
and costly volumes in the library of the learned English knight, and 
now poring over the manuscript records g of his cathedral, or striving 
to find some traces of romantic history in the names of the neighbour- 
ing townlands, or searching for tombstones in the choir, and calling 
upon the clerk and the carpenter to bear witness that they had seen 
with their eyes the tomb which he had sought for. And, if the good 
Chancellor mistook the import of the epitaph which he read in simple 
verse, and, as has been suggested, confounded Burchard with Borard\ 
and the Norwegian pirate with the Norman knight, — and, be it re- 
membered, the mistake may not be on the part of Dowling, but on 
that of his would-be corrector, — still graver mistakes have been made 
by more learned men, who have not, like honest Dowling, preserved 
the document by which the truth could be ascertained. 

As the O'Dowlings were one of the six septs of Leix, it is pro- 
bable that our Chancellor was of Irish blood ; the Statute against the 
promotion of Irish churchmen remaining, like many better Statutes, a 
dead letter on the Rolls of Parliament. We know from Ware that 
he was an Irish scholar, and the compiler of an Irish grammar ; and in 

these 

s Page 4. Gilbert de Borard founded a Receptory 

h Gilbert de Borard. Conquest of Ire- for Knights Templars at Killarge, in the 
land, L 31 16. In the reign of King John, county of Carlow. 



VI 

these brief Annals he does not omit to mention that the art of print- 
ing and of founding the letters and characters of the Irish lan^uase 
was introduced into Dublin, in the year 1571, by John Kearna, Trea- 
surer of St. Patrick's, and Nicholas Walsh, Bishop of Ossory. That 
an Irishman by birth and by blood should understand Irish in the 
sixteenth century provokes no observation ; as in the beginning of 
that century the Irish language was generally understood among the 
Ancdo-Irish nobles and churchmen. 

o 

Iii the catalogue of the Earl of Kildare's library, taken in 15 18, 
there are nearly as many books in Irish as in English; and in 1541 
the Irish lords of English blood, Barry, Roch, Fitzmaurice, and Bir- 
mingham, seem to have understood Irish alone ; at least Sentleger 1 
writes to Henry VIII. that Sir Thomas Cusake's "right solemn pro- 
position in giving such laud and praise to His Majesty, as justly and 
most worthily His Majesty had merited, as well for the extirpation 
of the usurped power of the Bishop of Rome out of this realm, as 
also for his innumerable benefits showed to his realms and subjects, 
was briefly and prudently declared in the Irish tongue to the said 
lords by the mouth of the Earl of Ormonde, greatly to their conten- 
tation." 

The policy of the English government, the great influx of English 
settlers in the seventeenth century, and the irresistible flow of cir- 
cumstances, have made us an English-speaking population ; but at no 
time, from the days of Dowling to the present days, have there been 
wanting wise and kind-hearted men, who, however they may have 
rejoiced that the English language, rich with the richest trophies of 
genius and of thought, was their's by inheritance, were anxious, not 
to supplant English or to extend the use of Irish, but to perpetuate 
the knowledge of the older and the more venerable language, and to 

procure, 

1 State Papers, cccxl. 



VII 

procure, through its use, a readier access to the Irish heart and un- 
derstanding. 

It must be confessed, however, that in the following pages we 
derive but little profit from Dowling's Irish scholarship. It is true 
that he makes mention of the Hibernie Scriptores of the Life of 
St. Patrick, and of the Hibernie Antiquarii, as well as of the Historici 
Hibernie, but he cites no Irish manuscript or Irish author by name ; 
and his ancient Irish history is made up of the traditions common 
to Giraldus Cambrensis, to Fordun, and the Four Masters, and left 
unsifted by them all, mingled with extracts from Saxo Grammaticus, 
and from Powell's edition of Caradoc of Llancarvan. Yet, notwith- 
standing this absence of Irish historical authority from Dowling's 
collections, historical compilations appear to have been at all times 
amongst the favourite productions of Irish literature. In the cata- 
logue of the Earl of Kildare's Irish Library before referred to, which 
is given in the note j , there occur names of works evidently historical ; 
and the Four Masters, who, although later compilers, were living in 
Dowling's old age, made use of nine sets of Irish chronicles, of which 
six were not completed before the commencement of the sixteenth 
century. 

The publication of that great compilation of Irish annals in 
O'Donovan's splendid edition, rendered doubly valuable as it has 
been by his topographical notes, has made us indifferent to Dowling's 
neglect of Irish authorities, and has given to the student of Irish his- 
tory 

j " Saltir Casshil. Saint Beraghan's lagh mc Moregh. Concullyns act. The 

boke. Another boke wherin is the begyn- monk of Egipt lif. Foilfyliniy. The VII. 

nyng of the Cronicles of Ireland. The sages. The Deelaracon of Gospellis. Saint 

birth of Christ. Saint Kateryn's liff. Bernard passion. The History of Clave- 

Saint Jacob is passion. Saint George is lyre. The Leching of Kene is le^. 

passion. The Spech of Oyncheagh. Saint Castelens." — Retrospect. Rev. and Hid. and 

Feghin is lif. Saint Fynyan is lif. Bris- Antiq. Mag. 2nd Series, pt. i. p. 138. 



Vlll 



tory ready access to all the knowledge which can be expected from 
such compilations. However honestly drawn up, whether made by 
the Chancellor of Leighlin or by the Friars of Donegal, such compi- 
lations in no wise supersede the necessity of consulting the original 
authorities. They must always bear marks of the character and cir- 
cumstances, not only of the author but also of the compiler, and it is 
possible that the unconscious substitution of one word for another 
supposed to be equivalent to it, may have destroyed the only clue left 
by the original writer for unravelling the system, political, legal, or 
ecclesiastical, of his times. 

Nor have combinations of chronicles, however accurately and 
fully expressed, the interest which belongs to the work of one mind. 
It would be vain to expect in any collection of monkish chronicles 
the philosophy which could fuse and mould their discordant mate- 
rials into one consistent whole; their very copiousness becomes a 
cause of obscurity, as the attention is worn out by the profusion of 
small events, apparently springing from no motive, and certainly 
leading to no result. As a national history such collections of annals 
must be confused and disheartening, but as materials for local history 
they are invaluable ; and if ever freely and boldly used for that pur- 
pose, they will be found to suggest many thoughts relative to the 
social condition of the country ; and being thus resolved into their 
original elements,— for it was as local histories that their chief mate- 
rials were originally composed,— they will cluster inform and clearness 
round various points of great interest. Such is the meagreness of 
our historical records that it is only by the judicious use of these stiff 
and formal compilations, and of the wild legends of Irish hagiolo"v 
that we can hope to gain any knowledge of the form and pressure of 
the ante-Norman period of Irish history, to arrange it into its several 
eras, to ascertain the habits and manners of those who lived in them, 
and to comprehend their motives, their objects, and their characters, 

and 



IX 



and thus to form some vague notion how their past has influenced 
our present. 

The troubles occasioned by the O'Mores in Leix, and by the 
Cavanaghs in Carlow and Wexford, form the staple of Dowling's 
peculiar contributions to Irish history. These troubles, as we learn 
from the following pages, like almost all other Irish troubles, did not 
spring originally from political causes, but were directly connected 
with quarrels about the possession of land. 

The Norman conquest of England, which preceded the conquest 
of Ireland by little more than a hundred years, had effected as great 
a revolution in landed property in England, as was designed in Ire- 
land ; but the Saxon occupier soon learned to submit to his Norman 
landlord: the rights of property, however acquired, in England were 
universally assented to, and order and security arose from invasion 
and spoliation. It was not so in Ireland. Some of the causes of this 
great difference it is not difficult to discover. In England the grantees 
of the Crown — however enormous were some of the Conqueror's 
grants — formed a numerous and powerful body of feudal lords, all 
equally interested in the common title of all to their several estates. 
The presence of the central government, always interested in the 
maintenance of order, tended at once to repress the provoking inso- 
lence and tyranny of the landlord, and the insubordination of the 
peasant ; and where order was observed, and property secure, the 
industry of the tenant and the tradesman, before they were hardened 
into a middle class, repellent alike of lord and of peasant, penetrated 
the lower poor with feelings of hope and of attachment to the exist- 
ing state of society. 

In Ireland, on the contrary, the grantees of the Crown were com- 
paratively few ; from the first the head lords of lands were scattered 
at wide intervals through the country. In the course of one or two 
generations several of their great inheritances descended upon Eng- 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. 1 3. b li«h 



lish nobles resident in England, and leaving their Irish estates to the 
care of Irish undertakers, who seized the first opportunity from 
agents to become proprietors. The power of the Deputy was unable 
to repress the outrages of the landlord or the discontent of the 
tenant ; and where all things were in confusion there could be no 
accumulations of thrift or industry to give hope to peaceful ambition, 
and to make the poor man friendly to the authority of the law. 

To all these causes of the security of the Norman possessors of 
Saxon estates, and of the constant resistance with which the grand- 
sons of these Normans and their descendants were harassed when 
they relied upon royal charters for the grant of Irish lands, must be 
added, above all, the different systems of landed tenure which had 
previously existed in both countries. 

Whatever may have been the privileges of the Saxon churl, the 
occupier of land, he was still a tenant, holding, on certain conditions, 
under an hereditary, an official, or an elective superior, and liable, on 
the failure of such conditions, to forfeit possession. To the imme- 
diate cultivator of the soil the distinction of Bocland and Folcland 
must have been indifferent. Whatever theory may be devised to 
account for the origin of rent in countries otherwise circumstanced, 
and whatever may have been the system of landed property origi- 
nally prevalent amongst the Teutonic nations, it is plain that in 
Saxon Britain, a conquered country, in which the natives were not 
extirpated, there must have been a gradual progress with the 
increase of civilization from the absolute slavery of the indigenous 
race, from their being hewers of wood and drawers of water, through 
serfdom and villeinage, to the commutation of arbitrary into fixed 
services, ultimately resulting in the payment of rent either in 
money or in kind. And this change must have brought about the 
abolition of national distinctions between the native thrall, now 
raised to the rank of a farmer, and the family of the smaller Saxon 

proprietor, 



XI 

proprietor, who gained their livelihood by the profitable occupation 
of land. 

Whether at the time of the Norman conquest this last result had, 
or had not, been universally arrived at in England in all cases, it is 
plain that by the substitution of a Norman lord for a Saxon thane, the 
status of the Saxon occupier was not essentially changed ; the con- 
ditions of his tenure may have become more burdensome, but he still 
remained a tenant as he was before; and however strong may have 
been his Saxon indignation at the Norman superiority, there was 
little in it to affect his personal interest, or materially to deteriorate 
his actual condition. 

In the greater part of Ireland, on the contrary, although the 
Saxon or Danish k system seems to have been introduced into Fingal 
and into other parts of the east coast, previous to the time of Strong- 
bow, there were neither landlords nor tenants. Every seignory or 
chiefry, with the portion of land that passed with it, went without 
partition to the tanist, who always came in by election, or the strong 
hand, and not by descent ; but by the law of gavelkind 1 all the infe- 
rior tenancies were partible, not, as in Kent, only amongst the first 
heirs male of the last possessor, but at the will of the head of the* 
sept, amongst all the males of the sept, whether legitimate or ille- 
gitimate. 

Such was the Irish custom of gavelkind, as explained by the sa- 
gacious and inquiring Sir John Davies ; and although in the third 
year of James I. it was declared and resolved by all the Judges that 
this custom was void in law, not only for the inconvenience and un- 
reasonableness of it, but because it was a mere personal custom, and 
could not alter the descent of inheritance ; yet so deeply rooted in 
Irish prejudices was the love of common holdings, with minute and 

changeable 
k Regist. Omnium Sanctorum, p. 50. ' Sir J. Davies' Reports, Gavelkind. 

b 2 



Xll 

changeable subdivisions 111 , that they survived to perplex Sir Henry 
Piers in Westmeath in 1697, and Lord George Hill in Donegal in 
1846. Perplexing, however, as it may have been to landlords, bar- 
barous as it was in the eyes of English lawyers, and however opposed 
to the general improvement of the country, this Irish custom of gavel- 
kind not only opened to every man a possibility of becoming tanist, 
or heir apparent, at the death of the chief, but it had also the far 
wider-spreading effect of giving to every man a positive interest in 
the preservation of the family estate, and, when that estate was lost, 
of exciting every man to exert himself for its recovery 11 . 

Nor was it clear to the Irish understanding that the lands of the 
sept could ever legally be lost. By Irish law every occupier was but 
an occupier for life, and could alienate or forfeit only his own life- 
interest. As in the somewhat analogous case of the Kentish gavel- 
kind, the father's felony could not forfeit the son's right to the lands : 
in the old adage, though the father might be hanged " on the bough," 
the son had still a right to return " to the plough". 

With such strong and generally diffused motives for striving to 
recover the landed property of the several septs, it is not surprising 
that the Irish should have availed themselves of the diminution of 
the small number of the original grantees, by absenteeism, by foreign 
wars, and by the wars of the Roses, to re-enter upon lands which had 
been wrested from their own sept, or from some other sept which 

had 

m Chorographical Description of West- multiplied, and as the arable land was di- 

meath. The arable land alone was divi- vided into smaller portions, it is evident 

ded, the pasture being held in common. that the relative power of the chief, whose 

n In the English times the cuttings or portion was not partible, must have in- 
dues of the Irish chiefs became excessive, creased within the sept, whilst the increase 
but it must be remembered that they were of the numbers of his sept rendered him 
paid in kind, and were consumed on the more formidable to his neighbours. 
spot by members of the sept. As the sept 



XU1 



had not courage or opportunity to resume their rights. And as such 
attempts were contrary to English law, and inconsistent with English 
authority, the claims of private property excited public disturbance, 
and what might have been a lawsuit became a rebellion. 

In the division made at Woodstock, by Henry III., of the great 
seignory of Leinster, between the five sisters of the five childless 
Earls Marshal, the country of Leix, with its chief castle of Duna- 
mase, was assigned to the third sister, Eva, wife of De Braosa, Lord 
of Brecknock: and her daughter, Matilda, brought the manor to her 
husband, Roger Mortimer. The territory of Leix, previous to the 
English conquest, had been the patrimony of the O'Mores ; and after 
the Scottish invasion, when the power of the English was every- 
where shaken, the absentee Mortimer esteemed it a good device for 
the management of his lands to employ the services of one of that 
supplanted sept, and " thought him not dishonoured by the service." 
It was a common, but a perilous expedient, and the temptation proved 
too strong for the fidelity of Lysaght O'More. Towards the end of 
the reign of Edward II., and probably at the time when Mortimer 
was proclaimed a traitor by his injured sovereign, the hour came for 
gratifying his inherent desire of independence, perhaps his rankling 
longings for revenge. In one night Lysaght O'More burned ten 
English castles, and destroyed Dunamase, the head of Mortimer's ba- 
rony; and on that night, to use the words of Clyn, from a serf he 
become a lord, from a subject a prince: " De servo dominus, de sub- 
jecto princeps effectus." 

After the death of Lysaght, who was murdered, when drunk, by 
his servant, the manor of Dunamase was recovered from the O'Mores, 
and in the reign of Edward III., during the forfeiture of the Morti- 
mers, was in the hands of Sir John Wellesley q ; but although some 

of 

• Finglas's Breviate, 82. * Hibernica, Part II. p. 74. 









** <*■ 


















XIV 



of the O'Mores were forced to acknowledge that they held their lands 
in Leix, which then formed part of the county of Kildare p , from 
Mortimer, as of his manor of Dunamase, yet the greater part of the 
De Braos portion of Strongbow's palatinate was lost to the Mortimers. 
Nor was Leix the only territory in Leinster, the inheritance of Eva 
MacMorogh, of which the princely Mortimers were deprived by native 
claimants. Through the De Burghs and the Earls of Gloster they 
had hereditary claims to the territory of Ossory r , and when the youth- 
ful Earl of March, grandson of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, and pre- 
sumptive heir of the crown of England, was appointed Lord Lieute- 
nant by his friend and cousin, Richard II., the viceregal sword added 
but little to his dignity in Ireland, where he was by descent Earl of 
Ulster, Lord of Meath, of Connaught, of Leix, and of Ossory, claim- 
ing in all these vast franchises the authority of a Lord Palatine, 
absorbing the royal revenues, and exercising royal power. But all 
these titles, and all this power, hereditary and deputed, were vain 
when employed to recover estates once fallen into the hands of Irish- 
men. In his attempt to rescue 8 lands belonging to his mother, which 
his' father had been obliged to reconquer, the "courteous" Earl of 
March was resisted by O'Nowlan, O'Byrne, Mac David More [Mac 
Morogh], Mortagh Mac Laghlin, and others ; a battle was fought at 
Calleston, nowKellistown, in O'Nowlan's country, where Raymond le 
Gros had a castle in the time of Henry II. ; the Earl was slain, and his 
mother, as we learn from Dowling, gave two chalices, one to Myshall 
and one to Garrowcheill, to ransom his body, which was sent to Eng- 
land, and interred with his forefathers in the Abbey of AVigmore. 

In this obscure skirmish, fought in a place whose name has 
hitherto been mistaken and its site unknown, were involved the 

destinies 

* Rol. CI. 29, 30. Ed. III. ' Note to Translation of Deposition of 

' Inquisitions, Jac I. 19, King's Co. Richard II. p. 42 — Archseologia, voL xx. 



XV 

destinies of the British empire ; for it was to revenge the death of 
his cousin and presumptive heir that King Richard came a second 
time into Ireland, and so left the field open to Bolingbroke, to whose 
towering ambition the superior claims of Mortimers orphan children 
offered only a feeble obstacle ; and hence the disputed succession, 
the thinning of the old nobles of England, the rise of the landed 
gentry, and all the thousand ever-spreading consequences of the wars 
of York and Lancaster. 

Norwere the long and dangerous insurrections of the Mac Morons 
and the Cavanaghs less directly connected with disputes about land, 
than those of the O'Xowlans and O'Mores. Connected with King 
Dermod, if not descended from him, and consequently allied in blood 
to all the noble posterity of Strongbow and the Countess Eva, and 
possessing the distinguished privilege of being one of the quinque 
sanguinum, the Mac Moroghs seem from the first to have held undis- 
turbed possession of the hill country on the borders of Carlow and 
Wexford. As the power of the English settlers decreased, the native 
sept gradually spread over the low lands, and acquired extensive 
possessions in both those counties. In 1327, ten years after Bruce's 
invasion, at an assembly of the Irish at Leinster, the power of the 
sept, and certain traditional recollections, secured Donald Mac Murgh's 
election to the title of King of Leinster, as Pembridge says somewhat 
scornfully : " Hibernici de Lagenia collegerunt se simul, et fecerunt 
quemdam Regem, videlicet Donaldum filium Arte Mac Murgh"'. 

The vain boasts of the new king that he would plant his standard 
within two miles of Dublin, and then, after the fashion of the old 
Irish kings, go through all Ireland, were dissipated : he was taken 
prisoner by Sir Henry Traharne, and confined in the castle of Dub- 
lin, until,at the end of three years, he made his escape, with the help 

of 

* Pembridge in Camden, in anno 1327. 



XVI 



of a rope, bought for him by Adam Nangle, for which, and perhaps 
with which, Adam Nangle was hanged. 

Notwithstanding Donald MacMurgh's misfortunes, the captainship 
of the sept, with the title of king, long continued in this family. 

In King Richard' s u first expedition, on the 16th day of February, 
1395, Arte MacMorogh, who was called king, " although he had small 
territories anywhere," came riding on a black horse to the field of 
Baligory, near Carlow, and having heard the King's letters read, and 
explained in English, by John Molton, clerk, of the diocese of Lin- 
coln, and read in Irish by Friar Edmund Yale, Master of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in Ireland, with Gerald O'Bryn, Donald. 
O'Nolan, Loy Oge, and Shane Mac Mauriceboy of Slewmergy, and 
Murogh O'Connohur of Offaly, all captains of their respective septs, 
Arte Mac Morogh, having taken off his girdle, sword, and cap, joining 
together the palms of his hands, and holding them upright within 
the hands of the Earl of Nottingham, who had then a special commis- 
sion from the Kin" 1 , did homage and swore allegiance, and bound 
himself, on the restitution of his wife's barony of the Norragh, and on 
the annual payment of eighty marks as wages, to enter into the King's 
service, and to surrender all his lands in Leinster, for which he was 
to receive compensation by the grant of such lands as he might con- 
quer elsewhere from the enemies of his lord, the King. 

By this promised removal from Leinster of Mac Morogh and the 
other Irish captains, the English of Leinster would have been re- 
lieved from troublesome neighbours ; but the native grasp of here- 
ditary lands is not easily relaxed; and although they now bent before 
the royal power of England, the Leinster septs were rather disposed 
to intrude upon the old settled possessions of the English than to re- 
linquish the lands of their ancestors. It was at that very time that the 

Cavanaghs 

■ Submissio Hibernicorum enrolled in Court of Exchequer, England. 



XVII 



Cavanaglis were supplanting the Carews in Idrone. The barony of 
the Norragh, the estate of his wife, the heiress of the Calfes or 
De Yeels, gave Mac Morogh a footing in Kildare; its non-restitution 
afforded him grounds for the continuance of hostilities, and " he 
solemnly assured his wife,'' wrote the Irish Council in 1399, " that he 
will never be at peace until he has restitution of her lands." 

Scarcely then were the two hampers, filled with Irish surrenders 
and indentures, delivered to the Court of Exchequer in England by 
the Bishop of Salisbury, before disturbances again broke out ; and 
although the Norragh u was restored to his wife, and the eighty marks 
annually paid to Mac Morogh and to many successive Mac Moroghs, yet 
the lands of the sept in Leinster were never relinquished, nor was the 
title of King of Leinster given up for many generations. Even as 
late as 1522 we have in these Annals the death of Gerald Kevanagh 
Mac Murchad, " qui se fecit vocari Regem Lagenie et Ducem Laginen- 
sium ;" and this titular king was buried with the king's lieges at 
Leighlin. 

But although, like the other sixty chief captains v calling them- 
selves kings, or kings' peers or princes, or dukes, or archdukes, 
living only by the sword, and making war and peace for them- 
selves, the Mac Moroghs exercised imperialjurisdiction within their 
narrow boundaries, these Annals show the insecurity of their power 
and the troubles of their lives. AYhile, however, the captains, by 
whatever title they were called, were occasionally defeated and com- 
pelled to submit, or were imprisoned in Dublin or in London, or 
were hanged, the main body of the sept continued to occupy their 
hereditary and acquired lands, acknowledging no lord but their own 
elected captain, and no law but that pronounced by their Brehons on 

the hill side. 

The 

" Rot. CI. 20 Hen. VI. T State Papers, Part III. p. 1. 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. I 3. C 



XV1U 

The power of the government of Henry VIII., and the activity of 
Sentle^er, brought about a change. The words of the intelligent 
Lord Deputy, in announcing his success to the king, are worthy of 
notice, as they show that the points now insisted on had not escaped 
his observation : 

" Perceiving that thos sectes of people called the Cavenaghes, as 
Mac Morogh, and other hys complicis, wer not, as then, in pece with 
Your Magestie, nor yet, at that tyme, had any pledges for securite of 
the same, yt was thought good by me, and other of the Counsell, to 
make a journay apon them, whiche we dyd the Monday next after 
myne arryvall. And contynueing teen daies in their countrey,burnyng 
and destroying the same, the said MacMorogh, with the moste parte 
of his nation and sect, cam and submytted theymself to Your Heighnes 
obedience, clerely renunsing the name of Mac Morogh, and never 
more, after that day, to elect, nor choise emonge them none to bere 
the same name, ne yet to be their governor, but only Your Magestie, 
and suche as ye shall appoynte to the same ; and have promysed to 
take their landes of Your Magestie, to holde the same by knight 
service, and not only to serve you from hensforthe truly according 
to ther dueties, but also to persecute all other of their nation that 
will disobey the same. And athoughe the nature of the Irishemen be 
very fikill and inconstant, yet it is thought here, by Your Magesties 
Counsell, that thes men whiche thus liberally have submytted, re- 
nunsing the same name, whiche they wolde never do bifor this tyme, 
will contynue in their sayde goode purpose, seeing we handled 
theyme after their saide submission very gentilly, not taking from 
theym any parte of their landes nor goodes, but only of suche as wolde 
not condescende to the same reasonable submission ; whiche parte so 
taken we agayne gave on of theymselves, which we sawe moost con- 
formable to the saide honest submission, savely to kepe to Your Ma- 
gesties use, alleging that yt was neyther their landes nor goodes, that 

your 



XlX 

your Majesty so moche estemed, as their due obedience to the same, 
which at lengthe they shuld well perceyve shulde redounde moste 
to their owne profyte"^. 

The increasing tranquillity of the country, and the reviving 
strength of the English Government in the subsequent reigns, in- 
volved the Cavanagks in new troubles. Where the English o-o- 

O CO 

vernment was acknowledged there the English laws were to be 
exercised, and the legal rights of English subjects were to be main- 
tained. When, therefore, Sir Peter Carew x of the county of Devon, 
knight, " bethought himselfe" upon such lands as his ancestors for- 
merly had in Ireland, he laid claim, among other possessions, to the 
barony of Idrone, from which, after the death of Sir Leonard Carew 
in 1369, his ancestor, Sir Thomas, as he alleged, had been driven by 
M'Murchad, and which was then, and had been for 200 years, in the 
hands of the Cavanaghs. The legal evidence of Sir Peter's right botli 
to the lordship of Maston, in Meath, and to this barony of Idrone, 
was sufficient to satisfy Weston, then Lord Chancellor, and he en- 
tered into possession. In the strange medley of Dowling's words, he 
made " the Cavenages compound with him for Odrone, the which he 
quietly enjoyed, savinge that Maurice Oge Kavenagh of Garrowcheill 
per fas et nephas tenuit suas terras, vulgariter vocatas fyv mart 
landes absque titulo vel interesse." 

Even the temporary quietness of Carew's possession may well be 
doubted. He had come from England to awaken obsolete claims, by 
a precedent capable of wide application, and shaking the titles to their 
lands of all those now loyal Irish captains, who, as tenants, managers, 
or enemies, had re-entered on the territories granted by the parch- 
ment charters of King Henry II. or King John, but which had been 
re-occupied by the Irish in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 

Such 
w State Papers, Part III. vol. iii. pp. 235, 236. * Hooker, pp. 339, 376. 

c 2 



XX 

Such claims, however valid according to the principles of English 
law, naturally provoked resistance, even when supported by Sir 
Peter's 100 kerns, and by his wise and statesmanlike conduct ; and 
in 1569, the year after he had received what Dowling calls quiet pos- 
session, the Leinstermen broke out in all sorts of enormities, and 
men talked of Peter Carew's wars, and the Cavanaghs, in Dowling's 
expressive language, which it is needless to translate, were " Diaboli 
contra Petrum Carew." 

Such was the origin, and such was the nature, of the wars which 
disturbed the neighbourhood of Leighlin in the days of Chancellor 
Dowling. As some compensation for these troubles , it is to be sup- 
posed that he enjoyed the luxury of consulting, in Sir Peter Carew's 
library, the books of modern date to which he often refers. He does 
not, however, appear to have derived any advantage from the collec- 
tion of Anglo-Irish documents, once in the possession of Sir George 
Carew, which now enriches the library at Lambeth. To some docu- 
ments, which have since been lost, Dowling had ready access. He 
mentions the Registry, the Records, and the Yellow Book of Leigh- 
lin, all of which have disappeared ; and we cannot but lament that 
of these diocesan and capitular muniments he did not make freer use. 
It is chiefly, if not solely, from incidental notices in such records that 
we can gain clear notions of the ancient state of agriculture, of the 
modes of subsistence, and of the mutual relation of landlord, farmer, 
and labourer, upon which the happiness and the character of a 
nation so much more depend than upon legislative enactments or 
political events. The invaluable series of Church records, printed 
by the Bannatyne Club, has cleared up many doubtful points of 
great interest relative to the social condition of Scotland ; and the 
internal state of the Anglo-Saxon people cannot be fully understood 
without consulting the volumes of Mr. Kemble's Codex Diploma- 
ticus. " 

Of 



XXI 

Of the transactions which took place in the time of Dowling in 
the counties contiguous to Carlow we might expect to find fuller de- 
tails in the following than in any other pages ; yet even in these 
Dowling has commonly been anticipated by the publication of 
Hooker, his more copious contemporary. Of the massacre of Mul- 
laghmast, which is omitted by Hooker, Dowling gives the following 
account : 

" 1 5Jj. Moris Mac Lasy Mac Conyll [O'More], Lord of Merggi, as 
he asserted, and successor of the Baron of Omergi, with forty of his 
followers, after his confederation with Rory O'More, and after a cer- 
tain promise of protection, was slain at Mullaghinastyn, in the county 
of Kildare, the place appointed for it, by Master Cosby and Robert 
Harpoole, having been summoned there treacherously, under pretence 
of performing service. Harpoole excused it that Morris had geven 
villanous wordes to the breach of his protection." 

Such is Dowling's account of this event, the only recorded fulfil- 
ment of the blind prophecies 7 current in Queen Mary's days, that 
there should be a bloody field fought at Mullaghmast, between the 
Irish and the English inhabitants of Ireland. " And so bloody, 
forsooth, shall it be," says Stanyhurst, " that a mill in a vale hard 
by it shall run four and twenty hours with the stream of blood that 
shall pour down from the hill." 

The value, however, of these Annals does not arise so much from 
any new facts contained in them, as from their showing the difficulty 
experienced by an inquisitive and not unlearned man, at the close of 
the sixteenth century, in his endeavours to gain some knowledge of 
the history of his country. Well might Hooker 2 complain that the 
Irish public records were slenderly and disorderly kept, and that 
private historical collections remained in odd and obscure places. 

The 

1 Stanyhurst's Description of Ireland, p. 38. ' Preface. 



XX11 



The more fully the student 8 of Irish antiquities is acquainted with the 
earlier collections, manuscript and printed, so much the deeper will 
be his Gratitude for the benefits conferred on him by the sagacity and 
industry of Sir James "Ware, and by the stupendous learning and 
sun-bright truthfulness of Archbishop Ussher. 

The following pages possess some interest, from the indications of 
the personal feelings of the compiler on religious and political events. 
Dowling, it must be recollected, was an Irish Protestant churchman, 
holding ecclesiastical preferment in the reigns of Elizabeth and 
James I. ; yet there is little in his Annals to indicate that he felt any 
interest in the religious excitement of his times. "When, at 1420, he 
tells how James Earl of Ormonde, in his attack on the Irish enemy, 
made the clergy of every district, twice every week, in solemn pro- 
cession, pray for his good success, he adds : " Would that the clergy 
of this time would so devoutly call upon God in prayer that the 
soldiers should believe that victory was from God." Of Bishop 
Magwir and Bishop Deoran, ante-Reformation bishops, he speaks with 
great respect ; and Travers, the first bishop of Leighlin nominated by 
royal authority subsequent to the Reformation, he calls " cruel, cove- 
tous, vexing his clergy." It is, indeed, to be feared that in the times 
immediately preceding, as in the times immediately following the 
Reformation, when as yet religious and political feelings did not run 
in the same channels, there was not much earnest religion in this 
country. The barbarous murder of Bishop Deoran, by his Arch- 
deacon, Maurice Cavanagh, gives an evil distinction to the diocese of 
Leighlin, and tends, at least with regard to that district, to confirm 
the lamentable description of all orders in the Irish Church, as given 
in the State of Ireland in i5i5 b . 

With 

■ Some of Dowling's mistakes are un- and his misplacing the time of Bishop 
accountable ; for instance, his confounding Fleming. 
Perkin Warbeck with Lambert Simnel, b " Some sayeth, that the prelates of 



XX111 

With regard to his political sentiments, it is plain from the tenor 
of all his observations that Thady Dowling was zealously, and — if 
he was the author of the peevish wish, " I would the rest of the rebels 
had been so bestowed" — somewhat intemperately loyal to the English 
Government. In the dissensions which harassed the country there 
was nothing to attract to the side of revolt thoughtful and cultivated 
men, even when, like the Chancellor of Leighlin, they were of Irish 
descent. In the centuries of resistance to English law and English 
government, from the days of Edward Bruce to the days of Roger 
Moore, notwithstanding the bold pretensions of Hugh O'Neill, there 
never appeared amongst the opposers of the Government any system 
or combination which could awake the thought of national indepen- 
dence. Of all such disturbances the objects were local and personal, 
and violence and lawlessness were the means used to efFect them. 
Evil as was the conduct of the English party (and, however it may 
be palliated and accounted for, no one will now justify it), their side 
was the side of order, and of social and mental progress. It is doubtful 
that a single town can be named which existed in any merely Irish 
country, inland or on the coast, independent of English authority and 
of English municipal regulations. The overthrow of the English 
Government, at any period from the fourteenth to the seventeenth 
centuries, would have brought about total anarchy, and would have 
quenched the faint and flickering light of civilization. 

It 

the churche and clergye is muche cause be no grace, and wythoute the specyall 

of all the mysse order of the land ; for ther {grace) of Godde, this lande may never be 

is no archebysshop, ne bysshop, abbot, ne reformyd Also the Churche 

pryor, parson, ne vycar, ne any other per- of thys lande use not to lerne any other 

son of the Churche, highe or lowe, greate scyence, but the Lawe of Canon, for co- 

or smalle, Englysheor Iryshe, that useyth vetyse of lucre transytory; all other scy- 

to preache the worde of Godde, saveing ence wherof grows none suche lucre, the 

the poor fryers beggers ; and ther wodde parsons of the Churche dothe despyce." — 

[where word] of Godde do cesse, ther canne State Papers, Part III. vol. ii. pp. 15, 16. 



XXIV 

It is only necessary in conclusion to say, that the text of the 
Annals has been taken from a transcript on paper made for Archbishop 
Ussher, now preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, 
Class E. Tab. 3. No. 20. 

The original brass matrix of the Chapter Seal of Leighlin is pre- 
served in the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy; from it the 
following wood-cut has been engraved, and is added here as a suit- 
able illustration of this work. It is probably a seal of the fifteenth 
century. 










THADEI DOWLING CANCELLAR1I LEIGHLEN 



ANNALES HIBERNIiE. 




*ffl$^^^$^^ji& Artholenus, aliter Bastolenus, Nini consancmineus ex sue- 



bemiam cum sua complici et cum suis tribus filiis, qui 
vocabantur Languinus, Salamius, et Ruthurgus, viri activi 
et bellatores, eradicabant silvas et inhabitabant 3 eandem 
insulam pro majori parte ; et ex hoc isti vocavere certa 
eminentia loca secundum eorum nomina, ut Langrini 
strangius, mons Salanga, modo collis Sancti Dominici, sed ab Eliota dicitur 
" our ladies hill," et per hos eorumque posteros regebatur insula per 30 annos. 

In consortio ejusdem Bartholeni venerunt plures gigantes ex stirpe Cham, 
viribus admirabiles sed stolidi. 

Bergon, filius Neptuni, acquisivit Hiberniam et insulam Orkney. 
Ruanus gigas in ilia peste in quadam spelunca se abscondit, vixit (ut aiunt) 
usque in adventum Sancti Patricii per spacium 2400 annorum, et omnia illi re- 
tulit, et ab eo baptizatus ; hoc tempus longius b est bis quam aetas Mathusalem, 
sed nihil impossibile Deo. 

Genandus, Rutheranus et Salvius, Greci, 5. fihi Dale ex progenie Nemrodi, 
audientes civilem dissentionem facile eos destruxerunt, et regionem in. 5. partes 

diviserunt, 
• Inhabitavit MS. b Longior MS. 

IBISH ARCH. SOC. I 3. B 



diviserunt, et in cantredas seu baronias et cetera. Postea avaritia regnandi inter 
se pro principatu contenderunt, et fit Salanus rnonarclia per 30 annos, et sepe- 
litur in monte in INIidia. 

Quidam scribunt quod hoc tempore alii Schithiani de Nemrodi heredibus 
venerunt, et fecerunt Claym ad Hibemiam jure hereditario, fuit magna guerra, 
sed non obtinuerunt. 

A. M, 3576, et ante Christum 387. • Brennus, frater Belini, filius Muluntii, 

de Brytannia venit in Hibemiam, et sic Gurgodwyntius Belini predicti sed 

nullam acquirere potuerunt possessioni quietem, pluries repellebantur. Bren- 
nus hie fuit coheres Anglie anno ut supra, et Gurguntius iste erat rex Anglie 
anno mundi 3588. Lanquetus dicit quod iste locavit Hibemiam Hispano c 
Heremono et suis filiis, sed cronica Scotorum dicit hoc fuisse ante tempus Gur- 
guntii. 

Gathelus, filius cujusdam nobilis in Gretia, nomine Nielani, in exilio a patria 
(for robberies) cum suis adherentibus, in bello strenuus et eloquens, nobiliter 
serviens contra .zEthiopianos, sub conductu miosis genemlis exercitus, duxit in 
uxorem filiam Pharaonis, et cetera. Omavit linguam Hibernicam, dicit Thad- 
deus, et cetera. 

Hiber, filius Jubal, gubemavit Hispaniam, et Hermon de progenie Gatheli 
(ut quidam putant), venerunt cum filiis, filiabus, uxoribus in Hibemiam de 
licentia Gurguntii regis et cetera, qui jurati de homagio et fidelitate obtinue- 
runt, et cetera. 

A. M. 3270. Brechus, aliter Simon Brechus, filius Humeci, filii Hiberi, 
venit in Hiberniam, primus rex apud eos coronatus, regna[vit] super Scotos 
(aliter Scythas) Hibernie. Anno mundi 3270, post diluvium 1616, ab urbe 
condita 55, post introitum Bruti 870, et ante Christum 697, hie Simon attulit 
cathedram suam regalem de lapide marmoreo in Hibemiam, quern lapidem Fer- 
gutius auferebat in Scotiam minorem et ibidem reliquit, qui Fergutius fuit sub- 
mersus in Ultonia, loco ab ejus nomine hodie nuncupato Carrekfergus. Hsec 
fuerunt tempore Helie prophete. 

Muridi Ultonie regis filii intraverunt Scotiam minorem, et ibi hinc inde 
remanserunt, quasdam tenentes possessiones, quas eorum posteri tenuerunt 
vivente Geraldo Cambrensi, anno domini 1200. 

Hibemici 
c Hispanii MS. 



Hibernici quidam fuerunt instructi in fide et baptizati per Jacobum Apos- 
tolum, immediate post Christi resurrectionem. 

Scotici scriptores asserunt quandam mulierem christianam de Pictis in con- 
ductu regine Hibernie remanentem prime- eos instmxisse in fide. 

A. D. 389. Patricius secundum Hibernie scriptores filius Calphurni diaconi, 
et fillae presbyteri, natus inter Scotiam et Angliam in villa nomine Kyburne, 
cuius matris nomen erat Conches, (Concha) germana Sancti Martini, Turonensis 
episcopi in Gallia. Iste Patritius etatis xvi, scholaris et cetera, per piratas 
Hibernie captus et in Hiberniam ductus, porcorum custos fuit sub Hibernico, 
nomine M c Bway, sex annis, quo tempore linguam Hibernicam satis addiscebat, 
et postea ultra mare transfretavit, et cum Germano Augarensi episcopo sacram 
paginam per 40 annos addiscebat. A Celestino papa cum Uteris comendatitiis 
venit Hiberniam, tempore Laigerii, filii Nielani magni, monarche totius Hibernie, 
predicavit, baptizavit et cetera. Primo de Ultonia petiit Conatiam ad Dovaldum, 
Conatie dominum, qui ab illo baptizatus cum suis; qui misit ilium ad Loganum 
recem La^enie, quern baptizavit, et misit in Momoniara ad comitem Dareys qui 
ut ceteri et cetera. Postremo xvi. calend: Aprilis anno domini 496 obiit et 
sepelitur in Duno. 

Eodem tempore floruerunt Brigida virgo et Sanctus Columba, quorum in 
eodem tumulo inventa sunt corpora statim post Anglorum conquestum. Hiec 
Cambrensis, et Johanes Coursey, miles, comes et conquestor Ultonie testatur se 
vidisse precipua Hibernie Jocalia. 

Tres sunt in Dunno et cetera. 

Nonvegiani, homines bellicosi, audaces, robusti et avidi, ad acquirendum 
aliorum regnorum conquestum multum dediti, postquam insulas de Orkney et 
Ilees acquisiverunt, viagium hue in Hiberniam fecerunt, tempore Laigeni mo- 
narche Hibernie et tempore Sancti Patricii, et ab illo tempore usque ad con- 
questum Turgesii Norwegii regnaverunt d 33 regesin Hibernia, vide intra in Tur- 
gesio. 

A. D. 590. Gurmundus principalis eorundem Nonvegianorum archipi- 
rata (sic etiam Caradocus) Affricanus natione, de Norwegianis acquisivit Hiber- 
niam pro parte, et se regem Hibernie nominandum ; edificavit Gormagston, 
et constituit filium suum et heredem, nomine Burchardum, aliter Burchardum 

Gurmondi, 
d Regarunt MS. 
B2 



Gurmondi, ducom Lagenie, cujus successor communiter vocabatur ab Hibernicis 
Gormaghcyn, dux montis Onergi, sed ut alii volunt, ducem Lagenie et baronem 
le Margee. Hie Guraiundus fuit qui de Norwegianis prinio invasit Hiberniam, 
et viam primo aperuit hominibus sue patrie in Hibernico man ; et ulterius, D. 
Powell et Lanquet et Gualter Oxonie et Caradocus habent in cronicis, quod iste 
Gurmundus in anno 590 existens archipirata, Norwegiorum capitaneus, rex 
esset Hibernie, et post conquestiun Hibernie accersitus per Saxones contra Ca- 
recticum Britannorum regem, vicit (potius fugavit) Carecticum in bello, et pro- 
sequebatur Britannos ultra rivos de Severne et Dee. Et dedit Lloegriam 
Saxonibus et ibidem edificavit Gurmondcestriam, et postea, secundum his- 
toriam Hibernie, transfretavit in Galliam ad conquerendum et cetera, ubi 
moriebatur, sed Hibernici antiquarii negant eum fuisse rnonarcham Hibernie, 
quia non subjugavit preter Lageniam et ]\Iidiam quod pro conquestu non 
reputarunt. 

Burchardus Gunnundi, qui vulgariter nominatur O Gormaglieyn, dux (ut 
asseritur) Lagenie, edificasse dicitur Gurmundi grangiam, et palatium suum in 
monte Margeo cum aliis memorabilibus pro se et suis, et fundasse matricem seu 
prioratum veteris Leighlen, sed potius earn dotavit tempore sancti Eubani Lenie e 
patroni ; sed quidam nomine Lazerianus, episcopus et confessor, pro fundatione 
et erectione ecclesie cathedralis ibidem anno domini 65 1 fuit procurator, vide 
record. Leiglen. In eadem ecclesia fertur ille dux esse sepultus ex parte boreali 
in muro summo chori juxta stallum thesaurarii ecclesie sub lapide marmoreo 
habens ipsius ducis [nomen] desuper. Wittnesses lyvinge 1589 Karolus Rowac 
alias Makeyigan clerk, Donagh M c Gilpatrik, and Gilleranoy carpenters saw the 
tumbe with their eyes, andThadyDowling f cancellar : ecclesie found his epitaph 
in simple verse as followeth : 

Hicjacethumatus dux fundator Leniae, id est Leghlenice. 

En Gormondi Burchardus vir gratus ecclesie. 

Extant etiam adhuc alia testimonia circa hanc villam ; scilicet nomina quo- 
rundam locorum ut Gormondus grove et Gormondes foord et cetera. 

Anno circa 542. Arthurus, filius Uter Pendragon, subdidit sibi Scotiam, 
Hiberniam, Daciam, Norwegiam, Islandiam, Gutlandiam, Insulas Orchadum et 
Galliam, vicit Lucium generall of the Romaine army. Sic Thaddeus. 

A.M. 

■ Benie MS. f Downing MS. 



A. M. 4553.) Plures Britones fugam receperunt in Hiberniam ad evitandam 

A. D. 592. j tyrannideni Ethelfredi et sociorura Saxonum. 

A. M. 479i.|Turgesius Norwegianus cepit acquirere Hiberniam per gene- 

A. D. 830. Jralem conquestum, vicit "Edlongdingum regem, monarcham 
Hibemie, obtinuit totam terram et regnavit ut rex xxx annos. Sed quidam 
tradunt ipsum fuisse locum tenentem Norwegianorum ; et tandem superbia 
elatus filiam unicam Medensis regis, nomine O Melaghlen, struprare (others 
say marie) volens, petiit ab O Melaghlen ut sibi traderet ejus filiam. Rex 
respondebat quod illud non convenebat, sed tortuoso vultu aspiciens et cetera. 
Si opporteat, inquit, mittam earn cum aliis pulchrioribus puellis ad certum 
diem secrete, quod bene placuit Turgesio, et assignavit locum et diem. Pater 
misit earn cum xvi. pulchris juvenibus, quorum quilibet habuitlongum cultrum 
sub muliebri veste, et venientes in cenaculum ubi ille Turgesius cum lasciviosis 
suis complicibus erat, et ubi interfecerunt eum cum suis, et recesserunt ad exer- 
citum regis Midensis, qui prope in abscondito juvenum expectabat adventum, 
et tunc cepit conquestus Hibernicorum. 

A. M. 4822. I Abloickus Hibernie rex cum suo conductu applicuit in in- 

A. D. 861. ) sulam de Mona, aliter Man, et cremando° villain de Holy- 
head spoliavit comitatum h de Llynn. — Powell p. 62 (6 1 ) et obiit — Powell pag. 1 5. 

A. D. 948. Abbatia beate Marie juxta Dublin erecta per Danos. — Cam- 
brensis. 

A. D. 950. Dani venerunt iterum in Hiberniam et interfecerunt in bello 
Cormachum, Hibernie monarcham et episcopum (id est primatem) totius Hi- 
bernie, ac fllium Cukemani, hominem pium et religiosum, et Kirvaltum filium 
Murigani Lagenie regis. — Powell ex Math. West. pag. 44. 

A. D. 924. Hawlassus Hibernie monarcha interfectus per Adelstanum . . . 
.... apud Bremestbury cum rege Scotie et 5. regibus Danorum. — Powell 
ut supra. 

A. D. 952. Congellach Hibernie rex interfectus. — Powell pag. 60. 

Rodericus filius Edwalli Voel rex Britannie interfectus fuit in Britannia 
per Hibernicos qui spoliaverunt comitatum de Aberfraw. ibid. 

Hibernia destructa per vermes ignotos, duos habentes dentes. — Powell ex 
Math. West. pag. 42. 

A. D. 

f Crimando MS. " Com MS. 



A. D. 10 1 2. Bernardus vulgariter Brian Bowrow Hibernie monarcha ac 
filius ejus Murchardus M c Brian et alii ejus reguli circa hcec tempora in bello 
Clantarf juxta Dublin pugnaverunt viriliter contra Sutrarcum, aliter Suuik, 
filium Abloicci regis Dublin, et Moylmordha regem Lagenie ; qui Sutrick 
conduxit multos milites advenas et piratas pro stipendio, in quo bello ceci- 
derunt Bernardus ille rnonarcha cum suo filio Mauro, et aliis quarnpluribus de 
familia et exercitu suo, et ex altera parte Moylmordha Lagenie rex et Roderi- 
kus magnus piratarum advenarum capitaneus cum innunierabilibus aliis. — Powell 
p. 80. concord, cum Histor. Hiber. 

A. D. 1 04 1. Conan, filius Jago, rex North wallie, fugit in Hiberniarn, et 
cum Alfredo Dublinii rege reintravit Northwalliam, et secum attulerunt Griffith 
regem Northwallie captivum, et reverterunt in Hiberniarn non absque detri- 
mento hominum et navium. — Powell. 

A. D. 1050. Conan filius Jago navigando iterum in Walliam amisit quam- 
plures tam per mare submersos quam in terra interfectos, et Herald venit cum 
eo in Hiberniarn fugiendo quia adulterium cum regina Anglie comisit. 

A. D. 1054 Hibernici transfretaverunt ad Griffith regem in Walliam cum 
xviii. navibus ; Algerus Leafrici fuit eorum capitaneus. 

Circa A. D. 1066. Dani, Norwegii, Normanni, et Sueviani, nomine com- 
muniter Ostomanni, e regione de Scandinavia fiuxerunt in Franciam, Angh'am, 
Hiberniarn et Scotiam minorem. 

A. D. 1 07 1. Amylavus Sutaricus, ad petitionem regis Lagenie procuravit 
Broydericum gigantem, archipiratam et capitaneum advenarum, filium domini 
regis Danorum de Denmark in Hibemiam, qui Broydericus et sui interfecerunt 
BrianBorowe,supremum Hibernie monarcham,in bello de Clantarf juxta Dublin, 
cum suo herede Morgho M c Brian et suo exercitu, pluresque regni nobiles, qui se- 
peliuntur ante crucem de Kylmaynam circa' Annum Domini 1 077,10: quidam his- 
torici Hibernie scribunt; a quorum opinione D. Powell differt in supputatione 
annorum, nee mirum cum Powell Hibernicas fyguras quibus utitur facile cocr- 
noscere non valuit, scribunt enim ho 1564. 

A. D. 1074. Patricius, Dublin episcopus, fuit in ecclesia Sancti Pauli 
London per Lanfrancum Cantuariensem archiepiscopum consecratus, super 
comendacione Teudionati, Hibernie monarche, Goderiique regis Lagenie, 

ad 
1 Citra MS. 



ad electionem cleri et populi episcopatus Dublin; liic erat eorum inos cre- 
andi episcopos, quia nondura Arrnachamis nee alii Hibernie archiepiscopi 
sua receperunt pallia, ut quidara antiquaiii scribunt et affirmant, quod mo- 
narcha Hibernie propter dominium regale, titulumque honorum coronoe et 
alia regis privilegia, habuit negativam vocem in nominatione episcoporum totius 
regni. 

A. D. 1077. Frotho, aliter Frotheus, rex Danoram 3. post acquisitionem 
Britannie venit in Hiberniam et interfecit O Carvell, capitaneum Hibernicorum 
bellantium, et recepit fratrem capitanei liujusmodi in suam protectionem ; et 
circa hoc tempus Hibernici bellaverunt ex parte Grifitz filii Conan apud 
niontes Carmoon in Wallia contra Trahaern ap Caradoc, ubi victoriam obtinue- 
runt famosam. 

A. D. 1 105. Hugleto Hibernie monarcha (regnante Stracathero rrisrante) a 
Frotho 4. Danorum rege, in comitiva Herconis Segathii capitanei exercitus Da- 
norum, venit in Hiberniam, quem quidem Herco Segathus Hibernicus dire vul- 
neravit in capite, sed gigas hie Stracatherus talis stature, et animositatis ut ub- 
tineret victoriam, et Dani crediderunt ilium invincibilem, quidam Hibernici vo- 
carunt ilium Fin M c Coyl, sed brevi post fuit interfectus. 

Circa hoc tempus Cowkaggrig de Omoardha principalis de Clanmelaghlen 
in Basca, fundavit et dedicavit monasterium de Lege Dei in Lease Carraghain 
in Lagenia. 

Reygnyrus filius Sydwardi, 2. ejusdem nominis, Danorum rex venit in Hi- 
berniam et interfecit in bello Melbrichuin, regem Hibernie, et Dublinia devicta 
in eadem remansit per 1 2 menses. 

Regnante Willelmo Rufo conquestoris filio in Anglia, exercitus Hibernico- 
rum cum Riseo, aliter Reos, filio Theodori Britanni, devicit regem Wallie Ble- 
thyn Convyn in bello de Llecryd in Wallia. 

Ovvinus, filius Cadogan ap Blethyn, Northwallensis fugit hie [in] Hiberniam, 
eo quod interfecit Willelrnurn de Braubant episcopum, propter quod rex Anglie 
expulit patrem ejus Cadogan, et totam ejus hereditatem in Cambria dedit Gil- 
berto Strangbow, comiti Strugulensi, qui comes edificavit castrum de Kylgaran 
juxta Powis. 

Grifitz filius Risei, educatus in Hibernia ab infantia, incepit vexare do- 
minium Gilberti Strangbow, et in adjutorium sibi assumpsit plures Hiber- 
nicos. 

A. D 



A. D. 1 1 20. Murchardus screnissiraus Lagenie in Hibernia prineeps, fidus 
amicis, terribilis inimicis, alienis liberalis, a subditis J propter ejus benemeritam 
pietatem et justiciam pre cceteris amandus, obiit, (quem cives Dublin in domo 
consilii occiderunt et fecerunt cum cane sepeliri ut infra) et apud Femes sepe- 
litur. He was not so much beloved, but his sonne Dermot M c Moroo-h (for his 
cruelty and adulterie committed with the wif of Morice alias Murdhich kino- of 
Midia) was hated, as shall appeare in the history followinge. 

Walterus fitz Richard fit primus comes Penbrochie Anno 31. Henrici 1. et 
edificavit abbatiam de Tyntern in "Wallia, cui successit Gilbertus Richardus et 
cetera. Anno Stephani 14. 

A. D. 1 137. Tres soles apparuerunt colons rubei, unde magne guerre et 
effusio sanguinis per totam Angliam, Walliam, et Hiberniam. 

Eodem anno, mense Junio, duo dracones videbantur circa littus maris in 
australi parte "Wallie invicem prosequentes effectus, sequebatur, nam Richardus 
Marshall de Hibernia, et Llewelyn prineeps "Wallie, insurrexerunt, et igne et 
gladio totam patriam usque ad Salisburiam, et sequebatur fames. Rex Henricus 
3. pacem cum eis fecit. 

A. D. 1 137. Griffith ab Conan, prineeps North wallie, natus in Hibernia ex 
muliere Hibernica, filia regis Eblane, aliter Dublin, duxit secum ex Hibernia 
lyras, tympanas, cruttas, cytharas, cytharizantes. 

A. D. 1 142. Kadwalader ap Griffith ap Conan fugam recepit in Hiber- 
niam, et conduxit pro stipendio 2000 marcarum filium O Carvelli, nomine Che- 
rulsum capitaneum super 1000 hominibus ad bellum aptis, una cum spoliis 
et predis suis, et applicuerunt apud Carnarvon in Wallia, ipse cum suis adver- 
sariis de treuga concludens dedit Hibernicis nomine stipendii 200 animalia, 
preter spolia quaedam, sed quia (ad pacem confirmandam) hsec spoha restituere 
recusarunt, Kadwalader Hibernicos spoliis et omnibus aliis spoliavit, et pro 
majore parte eos interfecit persequens eos usque ad naves. 

A. D. 1 147. Cogganus ecclesie de Killuskin aliter Killeshin in Margge 
Lagenie patronus floruit hisce diebus, et ut Nicholaus Magwyre testatur, scripsit 
gesta Malachie Armachani et Bernardi Clarevallensis. 

1 155. Terdielach rex Conatie in Hibernia obiit. 

Roderik Conchurk, rex Conatie, factus est Hibernie monarcha a vindicando 

injuriam 
j Subditus MS. 



injuriam Moricii alias Murdhieii regis Midie, sibi illatam per Dermitium M c Mur- 
cliardi, Lagenie rcgem, qui Moricio in remotis agcnte rapuit illius uxorem. 
Roderik avidus regnandi (postquam proprium fratrem occidisset) petiit La- 
geniara, expulit Dermitium, totam ejus regalitatem in Lagenia sibi assumpsit, 
fit monarcha ; peniten[tia] ductus pro nece fratris dicitur erexisse campanilia, 
alii dicunt quod hoc fecit in signum victorie. 

Laurentius O Toole, abbas sancti Kevini, consecratur archiepiscopus Dublin 
a Gelatio Armachano, obiit 1 1 80. 

Henricus 2. conduxit magnam classem ex Hibernia versus Britones. — sic 
Powel. 

Henrici 2. tempore Robertus fitz Stephans cum 30 militibus, 60 armio-e- 
ris, et 300 sagittariis cum Mauritio fitz Gerald applicuerunt apud Bagganbun 
in comitatu Weixford. 

At the creek of Bagganbun Ireland is lost and wonne. 
(Lost by the Irish and wonne by the \Velsh_). 

Robertus et Mauritius fuere germani ex una matre, Vesta filia Risei, avia Risei 
ap Griffin principis Wallie. 

Mauritius de Prindergast nobilis cum decern militibus et 100 sagittariis ex 
portu Milford in duabus navibus applicuit 2° die Maii. 

Dermitius de horum adventu intelligens misit spurium suum [filium] Don- 
vald cum jooHibernicis ad Robertum fitzStephan et complices ut venirent Weix- 
fordiam ; villa per tres dies insultante, Alphonsus episcopus ibi residens villanos 
persuadebat se suo regi reddere. Dermitius dedit Roberto fitz Stephans Weix- 
ford cum suis pertinenciis, et Harveio de Monte Marisco 2 cantredas inter 
Weixford et Waterford juxta littus maris jacentes in perpetuum. 

Britones habentes 3000 homines ad bellum, i° Donwaldum principem supe- 
rioris Ossorie vicerunt, et certos dominos illius loci, et Dermitio tradiderunt 
300 capita occisorum. Ubi Robertus Barry et Milerus multum commendebantur. 

Roderik Conchur, monarcha (ut superius) cum aliis regulis quamplurimis in- 
surrexit, et obtulit pacem sub hiis conditionibus quod Dermot M c Moroguo rex 
Lagenie de fidelitate jurans monarche, haberet et reciperet omnia jura et domi- 
nia regalia in Lagenia, quae Roderik confiscabat super fuga et demeritis ejus. 
2° quod idem Dermot spurium filium suum Conthurum Ruderico vadiaret pro 
pace tenenda, cui Rodericus promisit filiam suam in maritagio dare, si haec fide- 

ieish arch. soc. 13. C liter 



io 

liter oDserventur. 3 quod Dermitius restitutus dimitteret Walenses ex totaHi- 
bernia sine spe redeundi. 

RexdeArdglas fundavit abbatiam de Mellcfont, que antiquior reperitur aedi- 
ficata in Hibernia, preter monasteriura beate Marie juxta Dublin qua? incepta 
fuit per Danos 948, ut supra. 

Richardus Strangbo, obtenta licentia a domino rege, premisit Reymundum 
de la Grosse cum 10 militibus et 70 sagittaiiis, qui applicuit apud Dune vols 
circa 4 miba a Waterfordia. 

Richardus Strangbow cum 200 militibus ex Milfordia applicuit apud Wa- 
terfordiam vigilia Bartholomasi et crastino, scilicet die Martis, insultarunt parie- 
tes civitatis, a quo bis repulsi, tandem fregerunt parietem sub domo quadam 
desuper edificata, et inde obtinuerunt sanguineam victoriam. Deinde Dermot 
Laginensis rex et Robertus fitz Steplian accesserunt ad Waterfordiam et nupsit 
Evam filiam eidem comiti Strangbo, cum reversione in successione regni sui 
post ejus mortem. Iste Strangbo dicitur fuisse constabularius Anglie et vice- 
dominus Normannie, sed tandem propter ejus prodigalitatem impignoravit do- 
minium suum pro majori parte, et in manus regis confiscabatur, adeo quod pla- 
cuit ei fortunam sequi. Powell dicit quod iste comes venit in Hiberniam sine 
licentia regis, ideo terra et dominium suum confiscabantur, et quod petiit restitu- 
tionem possessionum suarum aut licentiam conquerendi in ultra-marinis partibus,- 
sed post conquestum Lagenie oportebat eum dare domino regi, Dublin, Weix- 
ford, et Waterford. 

A. D. 11 7 i k . Civitas Dublin fuit capta per Strangbo, et Dermitius rex ejus- 
dem cives crudeliter punivit ; eo quod patrem suum eorum ad tunc regem, in 
domo consilii existentem 1 homicidio interfecerunt, et cum cane sepeliri fecerunt. 
Eodem anno, Midia et confines spoliantur per Dermitium igne et gladio, et 
Roderik monarcha decapitari fecit Conthurum filium regis Lagenie, quia pater 
ejus noluit expellere incursionem Britonum. 

1 1 72. Clerus apud Armach congregati concludunt conquestum Hibcrnie 
non posse refrenari, et cetera. 

Dublin assalted by Hastulpb qui olim presidebat eidem civitati, et nunc 
venit cum Norwegianis sub conductu Johannis Heywod, quos Allies Coggan 
expulsit. Heywood interfectus et Hastulphus captus et decapidatus. 

2°. 
k 1174 MS. ' ExistensMS. 






. 






II 

2°. Laurentius archiepiscopus Dublin, persuasit Rodericum monarcham et 
Godthredum regem de Man, cum Hibernicis et insularibus ad obsidendam civi- 
tatem Dublin. Donaldus filius Dermitii nupcr regis Lagenie, venit ex Kynselv, 
ac O Breyn, nee non dorainus de superiore Ossoria, obsiderunt castrum de Cur- 
rig Carughornan juxta Weixfordiam, ubi Robertus fitz Stephanwas betraied, et 
cetera. Sed Cogan et Dublinenses confundebant Rodericum, et venientes per 
passum de Polmonte confundebant O Brien et Ossorienses. 

3 . Oraricus rex Midie, vocatus monoculus, venit ad Dublinium cum magna 
hominum armatura et obsidens convincebatur per Cogan. 

Henricus 2. applicuit apud Waterfordiam cum 500 militibus preter equos et 
sagittarios, anno etatis sue 41. regni 18. et comisit Robertum fitz Stephan Right- 
genald turri, quia absque licentia sua talem conquestum adtemtavit, sed postea 
cum eo misericorditer dispensavit. 

Resfes Southwest Hibernie venerunt ad Henricum 2, scilicet Dermitius rex 
Cork, Donvaldus rex Lymricii in Cashell, et Donvaldus ac O Melaghlyn ex 
parte boreali, venerunt ad rivulum de Sure, et submittendo se juraverunt et ex- 
hibuerunt vadimonia de pace domini regis tenenda. 

Apud Dublin venerunt Machelanus O Phelan, O Mac Chalewy, O Tuelihelly, 
Gile M c Holmoc, O Cathdhessy, O Carvell de Uriell, et Onvairk de Midia. Sed 
Roderik rex Conatie obviavit Hugone de Lacy et Willelmo fitz Adelm ambasia- 
toribus domini regis apud rivulum de Shynien in confine Midie, et fecit homa- 
gium et promisit tributum et sic obtinuit pacem domini regis. 

1 173. Cleri Hibernie congregati in Cashell autoritate pape Adriani et 
Alexandri ad instantiam Henrici 2. tunc in Hibernia existentis pro reformatione 
ecclesie et cetera. Ubi Lismorensis episcopus legatus, Donatus Cashellensis, Lau- 
rentius Dublin et Catholicus Tuanensis. 

In primis, quod inhabitantes non contraherent aliquod incestuosum matri- 
monium cum suis consanguineis contra canonum sanctiones. 

2°. Quod eorum infantes catechizentur per parochianos in porta ecclesie ante 
baptismum in fonte. 

3 . Quod omnes, qui se pro christianis gerunt, solvant integras decimas bla- 
dorum, catallorum, et aliorum crescentium absque deductione expensorum, et 
diminution e. 

4 . Quod territorium ecclesie et omnes mansiones sint libere et immunes ab 
omni seculari exactione et impositione, et in specie, quod nee reges nee comites 

C 2 neque 



12 

neque alii domini Hibernie, aut eorum filii, aut familia, vel caputanei, vel alii 
aliqui temporal. . petant, aut presumant aliquo modo exigere violenter ab bine 
aliqua esculcnta aut poculenta, aut pernoctare infra terram ecclesie, nee babeant 
nee petant fore illam dietam, quam in temporibus retroactis, quarterie annuatiin 
exigere solebant ab ecclesiasticis personis. 

5 . Quod homines ecclesiastici per compositionem redemptionis seu recom- 
pensationis homicidii per consanguineos comissi, non cogantur aliquid solvere, 
nisi probentur accessorii in crimine. 

6°. Quod testamentum condens faciat testamentum fieri et legi coram per- 
sonis fide idoneis, et bona sua debitis servorum stipendii solutis dividantur inter 
uxores, liberos, et executores adusum funeralium, seu ut defunctus™ invite tem- 
pore aliter ordinavit, et si non babeant liberos dividantur bona inter defunctum 
et uxorem. Sed si habeant liberos, uxore decessa, tunc dividantur inter se et 
liberos equaliter. 

7°. Quod funeralia defunctorum devote et solempniter teneantur et exe- 
quantur, et omnes vicini, sive fuerint inimici sive non, habeant tempore funera- 
lium atque exequiarum liberum accessum et recessum. 

8°. Quod ecclesia Hibernie sit in uniformitate cum ecclesia Anglicana secun- 
dum usum, morem, ritum et ceremoniam ecclesie Salisburiensis. 

Abusus [«c] ecclesie Hibernie sub sigillo legati fuere propositi, et confirmati 
per communem Synodi consensum, et postea per Gelatum alias Gelasium Arma- 
chanum primatem in Dublin, qui ratione sue debilitatis et senectutis ad Cashell 
venire non poterat, ita consumptus erat senio quod lacte vnius vacce albe ute- 
batur tantum, et anno sequenti obiit. 

Maehnmus, germanus resris Northwallie, fuait a domino fratre suo in Hiber- 
niam, sed revertendo in Walliam ex Hibernia capiebatur a David ap Owen 
principem predictum ubi plures Hibernici conciderunt. 

Ororicus, rex Midiensis, interficiebatur per Hugonem Lacy, quia ille propo- 
suit interficere eum de Lacy secum in preliando. 

Lymric iterum capta per Redmundum de la Grace die Martis, cujus pre- 
textu rex Conatie et Donaldus rex Thomonie renovarunt homagium. 

Richardus Strangbo, comes Penbrochie, dominus de Chepsto et Ogney 
in Anglia, comes Strangulensis, atque in Hibernia comes Marchiarum, pri- 
mus 

a Defectus MS. 



*3 

mus Anglus qui primo invasit Hiberniam, obiit circa Kalendas Junii, ct se- 
pelitur in ecclcsia Triuitatis Dublin coram imagine crucis, relinquens unicain 
filiam, nomine Isabellam, quae remansit sub custodia doniini regis Anglie 14. 
annis. 

Hoc anno Geraldus Cambrensis cum fratre suo Philippo Barry venit in Hi- 
berniam ad taxandum supervidendum seu describendum terram Hibernie, qui 
collegit descriptionem totius terre Hibernie ad petitionem Roberti fitz Stephani 
avunculi sui. 

Eodem anno castrum Femes fuit edificatum per filios Mauricii fitz Gerald. 

Johannes Courcey, factus comes Ultonie, obtinuit victoriam quinque bellis 
versus Ultonienses, antequam fecit quietum conquestum, scilicet bis in Down, 
semel afferendo prasdain", semel in Uriel, et postremo juxta fontem de Ivcary. 

Vivianus cardinalis tituli Sancti Stephani in monteCelio sede Apostolice lega- 
tus, ab Alexandro papa missus, venit in Hiberniam ad significandum titulum et 
interresse domini regis Anglie ad insulam Hibernie, super reservatione denarii 
Petri, et insuper ad denunciandum excommunicatos et maledictos omnes, qui 
resisterent aut negarent dare cibarium seu victum militibus ac familiis domini 
regis pro rationabili pretio. 

Milo Coggan et Richardus, alias Radulfus, nlius Stephani ejus gener inter- 
fecti fuerimt inter Waterfordiam et Lism[ore] per proditorem nomine Mach- 
thyri, qui duxit eos ad convivium. 

Ecclesia cathedralis Sancti Patricii Dublin fundebatur per Johannem Comen 
archiepiscopum, dedit eidem obventiones et convertebat earn a parochial! in Ca- 
thedralem, et postea controversia oriebatur inter ecclesiam Trinitatis et earn, sed 
Trinitas obtinuit preferentiam. 

Abbatia de Jeripont in comitatu Kilkennie fundatur per Donatum O Du- 
nachow. 

Meiller mutavit Kildariam pro Lacia, nunc vocata Queenes Countie, ut 
Omoordha vi et gladio subjugaret, quos Harvey in aliquam [non] potuit addu- 
cere conformitatem pacis, eo quod ille ISIeiller erat vir bellicosus et sanguineus. 

Johannes Lacy, constabularius de Cestria, et Richardus de Peach missi sunt 
gubernatores in Hiberniam, edificarunt castrum. in Frontera id est in Forhirtha 
Ynowland, Trysteldermot, et Tawlaught et sic deinde reverterunt in Angliam. 

Circa 
" Pcedam MS. 



14 

Circa hrec tempora Mauritius fitz Gerald, justiciarius Hibcrnie, edificavit 
castrum dc Sligsagh in Conatia, vivente Phelino O Conchur rege ibidem. 

1227. Civilis <ruerra et comotio inter Hugonem Lacy et Willelmum Maris- 
call, adeo ut Midia devastabatur. Galfridus Trewell episcopus Ossoriensis. 

1233. Gualterus Lacy dominus Midie obiit, habens ij. filias heredes scilicet 
Maro-aretam uxorem domiiii Tliome Verdon, et Matildam uxorem Galfridi Ge- 

o 

nevile. 

1234. Ricbardus MariscaU comes Penbrocbie et dominus de Ossoria in Hi- 
bernia, dire vulneratus jnxta Kildar in bello de le greath beatb et obiit 4 Aprilis, 
sepelitur apud Kilkenniam, et secundum alios captivus fait apud Lacy. Powell 
dicit hoc fuisse anno 1231, proditione familie sue, pag. 291. 

1242. Gilbertus Mariscallus, 3. filius Willelmi senioris, comes Penbrocbie 
factus, intravit suam Hibernicam hereditatem. 

Mauritius fitz Gerald de Tyrconell et seisatus in tota provincia dedit dimi- 
diam Cormaco M c Dermot M c Rory. 

Hugo Mapilton episcopus Ossoriensis primus fundator ecclesie Sancti Keni- 
tii Kilkenie claruit et obiit, ut alii dicunt 1243, a ^ 1256. 

1243 a li ter I2 53- Hugo Lacy comes Ultonie obiit et sepelitur in monaste- 
rio fratrum minorum Carregfergi, relinquens unam filiam beredem, quam Wal- 
terus de Burgo desponsavit et sic factus comes LHtonie. 

1245. Walterus Mariscallus, 4. filius Willelmi senioris, comes Penbrocbie 
obiit apud castrum Godrici juxta Monmoth, cui successit 5. filius Ancelmus, 
6ed quia ordine juris omisso absque licentia domini regis bereditatem intravit, 
uxor sive relicta ejus portione uxorali gaudere non potuit. Marescallis omissis, 
5 fratres absque heredibus decesserunt, et hereditas eorum fuit impartita inter 5. 
filias Mariscalli, videbis in brevi collectione seu summa per Nicolaum episcopum 
Leighlin extracta, quam causa brevitatis bic omitto et scribam in foliis inter 
alias et cetera. 

1252. Henricus 3. concessit suo seniori filio Edwardo Gasconie principi 
Hiberniam et comitatum Cestrie. 

1253. Johannes Geffrey miles justiciarius Hibernie, forsitan eo anno obiit. 
1257. Mauritius filius Galfridi de Geraldinis qui primus fundavit monas- 

tcrium fratrum minorum de Yoghell alias vocatur Mauritius fitz Gerald. 

1 246. [ ?] Galfridus de Sancto Leothcgario episcopus Ossoriensis famosus obiit. 
1246 vel 1257. iElianus de la Zouch justiciarius Hibernie. 

Vide 



*5 

Vide antea. Mauritius fitz Gerald et Phelinus O Conchur postquam vene- 
runt ex Wallia pugnaverunt ex parte Cormaci M c Dermot M c Rory contra O 
Donull Hibernicum inimicum, qui subditos domini regis in Ultonia crudeliter 
vexavit post obitum Lacy nuper cornitis ibidem. 

1258. Stephanus de ionge espee justiciarius Hibernie. Anno 42 Henrici 3. 
interfecit O Nel cum 352 ejus familiaribus in vico de Down. 

1 26 1. Willelmus Den justiciarius Hibernie obiit, et Johannes fitz Thome 
de Geraldinis (Desmond) cum filio ejus interfectus, qui fuit fundator monasterii 
de Trayly. 

1262. Rogerus, episcopus Ossoriensis. Thomas, episcopus Leighlenensis. 
1264. Mauritius fitz Gerald et Mauritius fitz Maurice (Alius ejus) manuce- 

perunt Richardum de Capella justiciarium et Theobaldum Butler et Milonem 
Coggan apud Tristledermot, et inde Hibernia plena erat civili guerra et como- 
tionibus inter Geraldinos et Walterum Burk comitem Ultonie, ceterosque Burkes. 

1268. Conchur O Brien fuit interfectus per Dermitium M c Mynard. Mau- 
ritius fitz Gerald comes Desmondie submersus inter Walliam et Waterfordiam. 

1269. Terremotus in Hibernia. Castrum de Roscoman fundatum et pene 
edificatum. 

1270. Hugo, fratrum minorum, episcopus Ossoriensis, dedit fontem Sancti 
Kenitii monasterio ibidem. 

1 27 1. Richardus Verdon et Johannes Verdon interempti et castrum Sligo 
fundat[um]. 

Pestilentia et fames in tota Hibernia, et Fulco archiepiscopus Dublin obiit. 
Bonifacius papa petiit decimam omnium spiritualium promotionum in Hi- 
bernia pro tribus annis in subsidium ad guerrandum contra regem Aragon. 
Henricus 3. obiit. 

1272. Edwardus 1. 

Dominus Walterus de Genevile revertens a terra Sancta factus justiciarius 
Hibernie. 

Waterfordia fuit cremata in magna parte. 

Ricardus de Burgo comes Ultonie et Eustacius le Poer miles invaserunt Sco- 
tiam. Waltergus alias Gwalterus episcopus Leighlen. 

1276. Magna strages hominum in Glyn-burrie et Rathpipherd; et Han- 
loynes persequebantur O Neill in bello, et castrum de Roscoman captum est per 
Hibernicos iterum. 

1277. 



i6 

1277. O Bryen Roo regulus Tholeremundi interfcctus per Thomam de 
Clare, et idem Thomas cum suis fuerunt inclusi per Hibemicos in Slowbanny. 

Edwardus 1, statutum de terris in mortuam manum alias mortmayne (anno 
9 Henrici 3. conditmn) renovavit, quod fuit confirmatum anno 23 Henrici 8. 
et cetera, multa dabantur ecclesiis. 

1278. MacDermot deMoylargo interfecit Cothgurum O Conchur regem Cona- 
tie, et Johannes de Derlington [fuit] archiepiscopus Dublin, secundum Raphuell 

1 28 1. Adam Cusak junior interfecit Willelmum Barret et plures Hiber- 
nicos in Conatia. 

Fulburnus frater, episcopus Waterfordie, factus est justiciarius Hibernie. 

1282. Morthaghus (Murtagh) et Arthurus M c Murchardi interfecti in Ath- 
lone per Pynquietum. 

1283. Galfridus Leothegarius episcopus Ossoriensis secundus fundator ec- 
clesie Sancti Kenitii Kylkennie, et primus fundator collegii de le comuni aula 
in Kilkennia, qui etiam dedit cameram suam cum manso eidem aulas comuni. 

Waterfordia et Dublin casualiter per igne combust : et plures Anglicani in- 
terfecti fuerunt in Ophaley, ubi dominus Theobaldus Butler perdidit equos et 
familiam. 

1285. Johannes Stamford consecratur archiepiscopus Dublin. 
Dominus Theobaldus Butler obiit in Arcloo. 

1286. Geraldus fitz Morice captus per Hibernicos in Ophaly, strages magna 
in Rathod (Ratoth) a qua dominus Galfridus de Genevile fugiendo, Geraldus 
Dogoit et Radulphus Petit, interfecti sunt. 

1290. O Mulseaghlen rex Midie interfectus per M c Coughlan et W m Burg 
devictus apud Delon per eundem M c Coughlan cum diversis Anglis qui fuerunt 
interfecti cum eodem rege. 

Edwardus Baliol rex Scotie fecit homagium domino Veschy deputato Hi- 
bernie, et magna mortalitas fuit in Hibernia hoc anno et ij annis sequentibus. 

1 292. Will[el]mus Veschi justiciarius Hibernie habuit xv am partem omnium 
bonorum temporalium sibi concessam ad onera guerrarum supportanda, et non 
multis diebus postea idem Veschie et Johannes comes Kildarie contenderunt, 
cuju3 causa fugit Veschie in Franciam, metu combati prefixi. 

1294. Richardus Burgh comes Ultonie et Will[el]mus Burgh capti sunt per 

Thomam 

8 Johannem — archiepiscopura MS. 



*7 

Thomam comitem Kilclarie, et coinitatus Conatie fait devastatus, et magna fame? 
in Hibernia, adeo quod mensura de la cronock solvcbatur pro vn s . vi* 1 . stei. 
et Calough O Conchur creraavit recordas, rotulos, et rentalia comitatus in castro 
Midie, ut credo in castro de Baliathroyn alias Thryme. 

1295. Willmus Dongsells, justiciarius Hibernie, cujus tempore alterum 
fecerunt viagium ex Hibernia in Scotiam minorem. 

1299. Johannes Wogan miles justiciarius Hibernie, autoritate brevis ad 
eundum cum domino rege in Scotiam, monuit Richardum de Burgo comitem 
Ultonie, Galfridum de Genevile, Johannem fitz Thomas, Johanncm fitz Moris, 
Theobaldum le Butler, dominum Thomam Verdon, dominum Petrum Breminf- 
ham, dominum Eustace de Power, dominum Hugonem de Prechell, Johannem 
de Coggan, Johannem de Barry, Walterum de Lacy p , Richardum de Exceter, Jo- 
hannem Pipard, Walterum Liinfaunt, Willmum Caddell, Johannem de Wale, Mau- 
ritium de Carrwe, Georgium de la Roch ut essent in Withwalovn primo Martii. 

1 30 1. Lagenienses inferiores insurrexerunt et devastaverunt comitatum 
circa castra deArcloo etRathdown, propter quod catalla eoruru fuerunt confiscata 
ad usum domini regis. 

1303. Comes Ultonie cum Richardo Burgo et Eustace Power militibus intravit 
Scotiam minorem et antequam recessit ex civitate dubbavit34milites. Vide supra. 

1304. Civitas Dublin casualiter cremata fuit in magna parte. 
Mortaghus O Conchur, rex de Ophaly, et Calvaticus ejus frater fuerunt 

interfecti in curia Petri Bremyngham apud Carrig in Carebria q per Jordanem 
Comyn filium Archiepiscopi Comyn, vide supra. Bishops then did not mary, 
yet had children. 

1305. Richardus Fleeringis (Haveringis) archiepiscopus Dublin. 
Interemptio facta super O Conchur et familiam et conspiratores suos ubique, 

et in specie apud castrum de Geishell in Ophaley per O Dempsy. 

1306. O Breyen rex Tuamens : et Downaldus Russe rex Desmondie fuerunt 
interfecti per M'Carty ; et magna strages contra Petrum Butler, dominum de le 
Butler. 

Bala Moor Eustace fuit combusta et depredata per Moardhas et alios Hi- 
bernicos, et Henricus Calf generosus interfectus, magnaque guerra seu civilis 
factio in Lagenia et magna strages in Glynfell. 

1307. 
p Lastir MS. q Canebria MS. 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. I 3. D 



i8 

1 307 Morchodus Ballach princeps Lagenie, decapitatus juxta Merton per 
David Cantown militem, et statim postea Adam Dawn interfectus, et plures 
An«licani interfecti in Conatia per O Shiell, primo Mali, et Hibernia rebelles 
in Ophaly destruxemnt castellum de Geishell, et cremaverunt villain de Leay. 
Rex Edwardus 1. obiit 7 Julii. • 

1,08 Edwardus' 2. cepit regnare, secundum alios anno 1307, deinde iecit 
confiscari bona et proscribes [sic] terras et personas Templanorum juxta 
directionem Roniani Pontihcis. 

Willmus M c Balthar cremavit castram de Kennun et villam de Courcowley 
cum interfectione hominum ibidem. 

1308,6° Junii. InGlvndelory alias Glynmolowra, Johannes Woganjusticiarius 
Hibernie in fugam coactus per Hibemicos rebelles ibidem, et Johannes deSancto 
Howgelvn, Johannes Northon, Johannes Brereton et plures alii fuerunt interfecti. 
Downlowan, Typper, et pluies alie villa cremate fderunt per eosdem rebelles. 
Petrus de Gaveston cum Uteris et autoritate a domino rege venit in Hiber- 
niam, cui dominus rex concessit jura regalia in Hibernia, qui Gaveston inter- 
fecit O Dempsies, et edificavit diversa castra, pontes et pavimenta in Hibernia, 
et fuit revocatus in Angliam anno sequenti. 

1309. Dominus Ro-er Mortimer cum sua uxore, scilicet filia Petri Gene- 
vile filii Galfredi Genevile, domini de Midia, applicuit in Hiberniam vigiha 
Sanctorum Simonis et Jude, et intravit possessionem segnorii de Midia jure 
uxoris sue quaj fuit heres. 

13 10. Parlamentum apud Kildariam tentum ubi dominus Arnoldus le 
Power fuit acquittus a moite domini Johannis Boneville per eum nuper inter- 
fecti, quia in defensione sua fecit et cetera. _ < m 

131 1. Parlamentum apud Kilkenniam coram Johanne Wogan justiciary 
ubi plures condite sunt leges, que modo non sunt in usu, et in eodem par- 
lamento contenderunt Rowlandus Joice primas Armachanus et Johannes a 
Leeckis archiepiscopus Dublin, quia primas Dublin inhibuit ei ne ipse Arma- 
chanus pontificalia in provincia Lageniensium coram eo fern faciat, vide mini. 

Richardus Haveringis Dublin archiepiscopus obiit, qui quinque anms tunc 
retroactis ratione sumpnii resignavit suam dignitatem. 

O Brienses de Gailgaish ad numerum 600 fuerunt interfecti per Richardum 

de 

r Richardus MS. 



19 

de Clare justiciarium, et Johannes M c Geoghegan interemptus per OMolmoy, 
et dominus O Brien in Thomond per suos sequaces neeatus. 

13 12. Dominus Ednnmdus de le Butler deputatus justiciarii Wogan obsi- 
debat O Byrnes alias Branenses in Glyndelowra, et cogebat eos paci domini regis 
se submittere, et anno sequenti die Sancti Michaelis, dominico videlicet die, 
creavit 30 milites apud Dublin, et die Lune proximo subju^avit Branenses et 
quietam fecit Hiberniam ; adeo quod ab Arcloo ad Clonemoore et inde ad Ca- 
terlogh, et inde ad Cadelli doraum, et inde ad Lymritium solebat progredi cum 
iij. equestris tantum. 

1 3 14. Hospitalierii milites Sancti Johannis Jerusalem fuerunt primo insti- 
tuti in terra et possessionibus Templariorum per totam Hiberniam. 

Theobaldus Verdon justiciarius Hibernie constitutus, quo anno fuit rebellio 
universalis, Hibernenses in Conatia Ultonia et Midia rebellaverunt sic quoquc 
in Momonia et Lagenia et cetera. Othoiles, Branenses et Moardhae insurrexe- 
runt cremantes et spoliantes a Wickloo usque ad Athy, non cessando donee 
800 eorum fuerunt interfecti per deputatum Hibernie; et in Conatia juxta 
Athenry Burgus et Bremyngliam interfecerunt Fedelmicum O Conchur regem 
Conatie et O Kelly in Manny cum xj. millibus de eorum confederatoribus. 

Edwardus de la Bruce frater Roberti regis Scotie invadit Hiberniam, et in 
conductu suo habuit comites de Murrey et de Menthothe, cum domino Johanne 
Styward, domino Johanne de Cambell, domino Thoma Randulph, Fergutio de 
Andressam, Johanne Wood, Johanne Bishett, applicuerunt apud Carrektergus, 
et conquisierunt Ultoniam et cremaverunt Dundalk, deinde venerunt ad Cas- 
trum Knock proponentes obsidere Dublin, sed Dublinenses totum suburbium 
cremaverunt, et pontem fregerunt. Rebelles mutaverunt consilium, manuca- 
piendo senem Tyrrell de Castro Knock cum uxore et herede, venerunt per 
patriam cremando Naas, Tristeldermot,Cathirlogh, Gawran, alias Balla-Gawran, 
Callan et Cashill et tenuerunt pasca juxta Lymritium, et ibidem dictus Bruce 
fecit se denominari monarcha Hibernie. Sed civibus Lymritii resistentibus, in 
regressu suo exercit[us] ejus famem ob defectum provisionis patientes, plures 
eorum in itinere moriebantur, et alii quamplures interfecti in Westmeath per 
Butleros et cetera ; deinde venientes ad Dundalk dictus novus rex inter ceteros 
decollatus per carnificem de coherte Dublin (called Mappas) et tunc cessavit 
conquestu3 Dublin. Suddane clyming sudane falling, an high flood a low ebb. 
Mappas a jugler knocked him with ij. bullets in a bagg and killed him, et ipse 

D 2 super 



20 



super eum occisua et terra dabatur a rege heredibus suis 4 or polles. The am- 
bassadors of Scotland expected of the King of England some dispatch, and he, 
as is said, thought to have geven Bruce Ulster, the head of Bruce with other 
heads after a great feast for a banquet was laid before them, confusi surrexerunt 
et discesserunt. The Scottis were killed by Brymyngham, and he made erle of 
Louth, vide infra in Alexander Bignor. 

131 - vel 1 3 16. Johannes fitz Gerald primus comes Kildarie obiit. 

13 16. Edmundus Butler justiciarius Hibernie. 

Johannes Leech alias Aleecke Dublin archiepiscopus prohibuit primati Ar- 
machano ne uteretur cruce, pallio aut aliis pontificalibus insigniis infra provin- 
ciam Dublin, quoniam Metropolitanus Dublin ut allegatum et probatum fuit 
non cocmoscat aliquam superioritatem citra pontificem Romanum; vide supra. 

1 3 16 secundum alios 1 334. Milerus episcopus Leighlen, vel alius ejusdem 



noraims. 



mill?. . J f 1 

1 3 16. Robertus de la Bruce rex Scotie applicuit in Hiberma apud Knock 
(Carreg) Fergus, ecclesiam ibidem spoliavit, cepit castrum per sursum redditum 
custodum, cibo eorum deficiente. 

Die Lune post festum Omnium Sanctorum. De iisdem Scotis 300 m du- 
plici armatura induti, ac 300 et supra in simplici armatura preter pedestres fue- 

conducti "l 
runt per Johannem Loggan et Hugonem Byssett milites _ V quere [sic] . 

1 3 1 7. Rogerus Mortymer dominus Middie jure uxoris, fit justiciarius Hi- 
bernie. 

Tempestas magna et validus ventus insurrexerunt, quaa prostraverunt cam- 
panile ecclesie Trmitatis Dublin et domos quamplurimas et alia nocumenta. 

Fames irrationabilis prevaluit adeo quod mensura tritici de le cronock con- 
tinens 4 or galones solvebatur pro xxiij.s. 

13 18. Roger Mortimer justiciarius apud Yoghill applicans audivit quod 
Edmundus Butler interfecit plures Hibemicos rebelles apud Tristledermot, et 
juxta Balyleathan alias Loaghan de familiaribus O Morochow. 

Alexander Bignor archiepiscopus Dublin, qui erigens universitatem in Dub- 
lin creavit cancelfarium et vice-cancellarium, ceterosque officiarios ad eandem 
requisitos, primo anno sue consecrationis, vide paulo infra. Alexander Bignor 
fit justiciarius, in cujus gubernatione Edwardus le Bruce cum 2000 Scotis et 

aliis 



21 

aliis combinatoribus suis f'uerunt interfecti juxta Dundalk, per Johannem Bre- 
myngham comitem de Louth, carapi generalem capitaneura, et tunc conquestus 
Scotorum cessavit, vide supra. 

400 fuere interfecti in Conatia inter duos nobiles ejusdem patrie circa par- 
vam terre portionem contendentes. 

1 3 19. Pons de Kilcullen et anno sequenti pons Leiglin fuerunt edificate 
per Mauritium (Johannem alii dicunt episcopum Kildarie postea) Jacckis cano- 
nicum ecclesie Kildarie propriis expensis et licentia prius obtenta. 

1320. Academia Dublin cum privileges universitatis a Johanne 22. papa 
erecta, Alexander Bignor arehiepiscopus, ejusdem fundator, creavit iij. doctores 
sacre theologie, videlicet Willelmum Hardity, Henricum Cogie et Edmundum 
Bernardin, et unum doctorem decretorum nomine Richardum archidiaconum 
ecclesie Dublin, qui postea firit cancellarius dicte universitatis <?£ cetera; qui ter- 
minos suos tenuerunt et comendationes solemniter, qusequidem academia fuisse 
revocata non reperio, immo ut credo quod ipsa per negligentiam et propter 
defectum exhibitionis ruit. 

Johannes fitz John 2. comes Kildarie fit justiciarius Hibernie et anno se- 
quenti Johannes Bremyngham comes de Louth fuit creatus justiciarius Hibernie. 

Edmundus Butler Alius Theobaldi le Butler domini de Carrig Rosscrea apud 
London in vigilia exaltacionis Sancte Crucis, primus comes de Pincernis, qui 
vocabatur comes de Balygawran obiit, et vigilia Sancti Martini sepeliebatur 
apud Balygawran predictam. 

1322. Dominus Johannes Darcy miles fit justiciarius Hibernie, vide infra 
anno 1338. 

1322. In Kilkennia vixit quedam domina nobilis nomine Alicia Kettell 
sortilega cum Petronilla et Basilla suis complicibus et asserebat ipsam habuisse 
(vide rotulam Episcopi Ossoriensis) colloquium omni nocte cum nephando spi- 
ritu nomine Robin Artisson, cui ipsa consuevit sacrificare in viaregali, ix.gallos 
rubros et novem pavonum oculos et colligere purgamenta platee in Kilkenia 
post complet[orium] ad domum filii sui, dicendo Anglice hunc versum. 

To the house of W u my sonne, 
Hie all the welth of Kilkenie towne : 

et inveniebatur in camera ejus sacramentalis hostia et nomen diaboli in eadem 
scriptum, una cum tonna olei, cum quo (ut serva ejus fassa fuit) baculum ad 

equitandum 



22 

equitandum ubi voluerat ungebat, deinde ista nobilis ex favore fugere permissa 
fuit, ceteri vero consolii omnia ista fassi et eombusti fuerunt. 

1326. Edwardus 2. obiit 25 Januarii, regnavit 18 annis, 6 mensibus et 15 
diebus. 

Edwardus 3. cepit regnare. 

Adam Niger de familia de O Tooles in Lagenia spiritu satanico obsessus, 
ne^ans incaraationem Christi, trinitatem personarum et resurrectionem carnis, 
dicensque scriptum esse fabulam et Mariam vite fuisse dissolute, sedemque 
Apostolicam en-ores premissos affirmasse et cetera, cremabatur in Hogges Greene 
juxta Dublin. 

Arthurus M e Murchardi et Henricus Tralierne miles capti per Butleros. 

1327. Rogerus Owtlaw prior de Kylmaynam fit justiciarius Hibernie. 

1329. Johannes Bremyngham comes de Louth et Talbot de Malaghide 
cum pluribus aliis interfecti fuerunt apud Balybregan per inhabitantes pa- 
trie. 

Thomas Butler et plures alii fuerunt interfecti per M c Geoghan juxta Mo- 
lingar. 

Adam M c Gillamore et alii Hibernici cremaverunt 80 innocentes in una 
ecclesia cum presbytero massam celebrante. 

1330. Cives burgenses Wexfordie interfecerunt 400 Hibernicos rebelles- 
juxta rivulum de Slayne, et anno sequenti plures rebelles Hibernici fuerunt 
interfecti in Kinsellay. 

1 33 1. Castra de Femes et Cowlaugh et Arcloo capta fuerunt per O Theo- 
thill qui interfecit Anglicas garrisones ibidem, sed anno sequenti Anglici recu- 
perarunt ea, sed castrum de Bonrath alias Bonrathe destruitur per Hibernicos 
de Toamond. 

1332. Edwardus 3. in bello de Haldownhill in Scotia interfecit de Scotis 
8 comites, 900 milites et baronettes, 400 armigeros, et alios innumerabiles, cepit 
que Berwick cum aliis fortalitiis. 

1333. Johannes Darcy Hibernie justiciarius intravit Scotiam et interfecit 
700 Scotos vocatos red shaukes. 

1334. Milerus episcopus Leitrhlen. 

Johannes episcopus Leighlin cognomine Mulgan primus fundator quatuor 
capellanorum choralium ecclesie Cathedralis Sancti Lazeriani Leighlen, sepul- 
tus fuit juxta tumbam ducis Gurmundi, ad stallum thesauraurii ecclesie. 

*33<*- 



2 3 

1336. Cynnus et Oldratus legistse, ^ 
Sanctus Rochus vel Riochus et S. Hawlerus theologi $ 

In die Sancti Laurentii plures Hibernici rebelles interfecti fuerunt in 
Conatia per Anglos patrie. 

1337. Johannes Charleton baro Hibemie. Justiciarius ciun 200 Walen- 
sibus venit in Hiberniam, erat maxima exactio eorum exclamata, unde Tho- 
mas, episcopus Herdfordiensis, eligitur et venit Justiciarius Hibernie 1338, et 
anno .... Johannes Darcy assignatus fuit justiciarius Hibernie durante ejus 
vita. 

1339. Edw. 3. made clay me ad totum regnum Francie tanquam verum 
ejus dominium et hereditatem, et fecit se proclamari regem Francie. 

Thomas Minoth } Archiepiscopus Dublin, quere quis prior, quis 

Johannes de Sancto Paulo $ posterior. 

1340. Edwardus 3. ad sinistram persuasionem emulorum revocavit omnes 
libertates antea concessas, inde omnes tarn Anglicani quam Hibernici tenentes 
scripserunt domino regi in Angliam querulando, et negaverunt interim venire 
ad parlamentum in Dublin. 

1348. Mortalitas magna et pestilentia in Hibernia. 

Translatio Sancti Fyntani abbatis patroni de Clonenagh in episcopatu 
Leighlen per Thomam de Sancto Leothegario episcopum Midensim facta fuit, 
et si queratur quare examinatio miraculorum et autoritas canonizationis hujus- 
modi non comittebatur potius ordinario loci quam extraneo, resp[ondetur] quod 
episcopus Leighlen supplicavit Romano pontifici pro caussione [sic] translationis 
et canonizationis et cetera. 

1350. Kymbrichus (ut puto Kenvrik Britanus) Sherman, major Dublin, 
magnus omnium ecclesiarum provintie benefactor, legavit in suo testamento 
3000 markes, whether to the church or no quere. 

1355. Mauritius fitz Gerald comes Desmond, durante vita justiciarius Hi- 
bernie, obiit, et Thomas Rocksey miles justiciarius succedit. 

1357. Rex Anglie plures habuit ex Hibernia, pugnatur versus Wallenses, 
et in Francia apud Crostea, ubi obtinuit victoriam famosam et cepit castra in 
triumpho. 

Mauritius fitz Thomas comes Kildarie justiciarius secundum Campion et 
Stanihurst anno 1357 habuit sibi per literas patentes domini regis in feodo an- 
nuali 500 libras ratione sui officii, ea condicione quod ipse haberet secum in quo- 

libet 



24 

libet bello 20 equos magnos cum equestris electis, quorum ipsemet sit unus. 
Historiographi putant hunc numerum fore ordinarium pro quolibet deputato et 
justiciario gucrris et rebellionibus persistere. 

1361. Leonellus filius Edw. 3. dux de Clarence et comes Ultonie, justi- 
ciarius Hibernie transtulit scaccarium domini regis ad Catherlough, et disbur- 
savit 500 libras in restaurationem parietum ville, et in autumno revocatus fuit 
in Angliam. 

1366. Thomas Carrew alias Grew rejectus fuit (et fugit in Angliam) per 
M c Murchardum a dominio et dominico suo in Baronia de Idrona quam tenebat 
de Maro-areta alias Matilda cometissa Norfolcie in comitatu Catherlough vide in- 
fra. Sed postea tempore Henrici Sydney deputati quidam senior Petrus Carew 
miles inveniens rotulam evidentiarum et cetera venit et invenit et cetera, unde 
compulsi componere et cetera, Sidney went to hauke et cetera. 

1369. Anno Edw. 3. 44. Parlamentum in Kilkennia tentum coram Wil- 
lelmo de Windesor justiciario in quo concessum est domino regi 3000 libras pro 
subsidio ad guerras, et hoc anno inhibuit rex Edwardus 3. peti, colligi aut solvi 
denarium Petri ad usum ecclesie Romane. 

1370. Pestilentia magna in Hibernia adeo quod propter imensitatem mor- 
talitatis vocabatur ab antiquis tertia Hibernie pestilentia. 

1372. Patritius Freigney miles senescallus Lagenie, ut in registro ecclesie 
Leighlen reperitur, in itinere suo apud Caterlough, Kilkenniam et Wexfordiam 
anno 45 Edward. 3. tenuit curiam libertatis autoritatis [fie] domini regis, et fecit 
inquisitionem de chartis, usibus, libertatibus, et liberis consuetudinibus burgen- 
sium et libere tenentium Lagenie, copiamque sue inquisitionis decrevit concedi 
omnibus membris corporationum, qui suas chartas aut rescriptas aut escript 
[«'c] perdiderunt in ultimis comotionibus et cetera, si peterent et cetera. He 
made fayre wether with a vile reach, sed anno sequenti rex propter suas exac- 
tiones et cetera, et eo quod deposuit plures injuste ex suis dominiis et libere 
tenementis revocavit autoritatem, cum incarceravit fecit eum facere restitutio- 
nem probantibus et juste accusantibus et imposuit super eum mulctam pecunia- 
riam. 

x 373. Johannes Hussey baro de Galtrym, Johannes Richard vicecomes de 
Midia fuerunt interfecti in Kynealiaagh. 

Galfridus le Wale interfecit Donatum M c Murchard juxta Caterlaugh. 

Richardus Bookum episcopus Leighlen. 

1376. 



2 5 

1376. Edwardus 3. obiit. Richardus 2. succedit. 

1 38 1. Edmundus Mortimer comes Marchiarum et Ultonie (qui desponsavit 
Philippam filiam et solam lieredem Leonelli ducis de Clarence) obiit in civitate 
Cork. 

1383. Philippus de Courtney justiciarius postmortem Mortimeri. 

1385. Ricardus Vere marques Dublin creatus est dux Hibernie durante 
vita, et omnia precepta et brevia regalia sub teste et nomine ejus emanaverunt. 
Pestilentia et mortalitas magna vocabatur 4 pestilentia. 

1390. Robertus Wadby (Weekeford) f rater Augustinianus archiepiscopus 
Dublin. 

1394. Richardus 2. pro morte regine sue vexatua venit in Hiberniam circa 
festum Michaelis, et revertebatur circa carnisprivii festum, secimdum alios se- 
cundum festum Sancti Jobannis, ad ejus detrimentum, nam Hereford et Lancas- 
trie et comitatus Eboraci insurrexerunt ubi plures Hibernici ceciderunt in bellis 
ex utraque parte pugnantes. 

1397. Rogerus Mortimer miles justiciarius Hibernie, qui jure uxoris sue 
fuit comes Marchiarum et Ultonie, fuit cum pluribus aliis interfectus per O Now- 

. Ian, O Byrne, M c David More, Mortagh M c Loaghlen capitaneum turbariorum 
M c Murchardi et alios suos combinatores apud Calleston ab antiquis vocatum 
Ardabother, cujus mater ejus [? iis] dedit ij. calices, unum in Misheill, altenim 
in Garghill, ut haberet ilium vel vivum vel mortuum, ad transmittendum ilium 
in Angliam. 

Richardus Northalis frater carmelitanus translatus ab alia sede in Dublin 
archiepiscopatum. 

1398. Richardus 2. rex vindicaturus mortem Rogeri Mortimer sui depu- 
tati venit in Hiberniam cum 200 navibus apud Waterfordiam ; et eo tempore 
coegit O Nowlan vi. homines de majori natu sue patrie domino regi dare, ad 
voluntatem et electionem domini regis annuatim per xi. annos, et 2000 vaccas 
juvenes quolibet anno ad 7 annos. 

Post adventum domini regis Jenicho de Arthois Gaiscoyn interfecit 200 Hi- 
bernicos in comitatu Kildarie, et Dublinenses proximo die mane interfecerunt 
40 inimicos, et ceperunt 33, quos captivos secum duxerunt ad Dublin. 

In veteri ( Id) Leighlen fuere 86 burgesses. 

1 40 1. Johannes Drack maior Dublin cum suis civibus interfecit 400 de 
Hibernicis inimicis juxta Bree. 

ibish arch. soc. 13. E Primitiae 



26 

Primitioe fuerunt hoc anno assignaUe per pontificem Romanum adeo stricte, 
quod nullus presbyter ad beneficium admittebatur, exeepto quod hos fructus 
prius solveret. 

Thomas dominus de Lancaster filius et locum tenens domini regis Henrici 4. 
in Hibernia tenuit parlamentum apud Rosse, in quo habuit \isum cartarum et 
patentium horum, qui a domino rege tenuerunt in capite, et inde revertebatur 
in Angliam. 

1403. Jacobus le Butler comes Ormonie, justiciarius domini res:is in Hi- 
bernia. 

1404. Charta libertatis Hibernie et statuta Kilkennie fuerunt confirmata 
autoritate parlamenti coram comite Ormonie justiciario Hibernie, die Sancti 
Vitalis martyris ; et exercitus domini regis interfecerunt 100 de Hibernicis ini- 
micis juxta Kilcaa, clero pro bono successu pugnantium in processione orante 
apud Tristeldermot. 

1405. Jacobus Buteler comes Ormonie justiciarius Hibernie obiit apud 
Bellyngan alias Belligard, ut credo. 

1407. Jacobus Butler filius predicti comitis premortui fuit justiciarius 
Hibernie. 

Hugo M c Adam M c Gillamor falsus et ethnicus Hibernicus inimicus in Ul- 
tonia cremavit et destruxit 40 ecclesias, et manucaptum habuit Patritium Savad'ir, 
quern crudeliter tractavit, unde vulgo appellabatur .:.... et iste Hugo M c Adam 
M c Gillamor non din postea petere beneficium sanctuarii compulsus, sed in ec- 
clesia seu monasterio minorum apud Knockfergus sine misericordia et reverentia 
fuit interfectus, que [sic] ipse et pater antea cremaverant. 

1408. Stephanus Scrope fuit deputatus Thome Lancaster locum tenentis 
domini regis in Hibernia, et obiit apud Casteldermot. 

Comes Ormonie, comes Desmonie, et prior de Kilmaynam cum aliis gene- 
rosis et capitaneis invadentes terram ]\I C Murchardi pugnaverunt in vicem in 
campo, primo Hibernici inimici ferociter resistere proposuerunt, et animose 
pugnaverunt, sed demum eis devictis comes Ormonie prosequendo viriliter 
in fine cepit O Nowlan cum duobus filiis suis, et pluribus aliis, quos duxit cap- 
tivos ad dominum deputatum. But these O Nowlans were afterwards quite 
extirped. 

O Carvell et 800 de familia et confederatoribus suis fuerunt interfecti per 
comitem Ormonie et alios Anglos in suo conducto apud Calian, et sol dicebatur 

expectasse 



27 

expectasse post naturale tempus et occasura sui, et luccns donee Angli equita- 
runt vj. milia in prosecutione inimicorum suorum. 

1409. Civitas Dublin recepit primo gladium regale ab Henrico 4. et tunc 
creatus est maior cum antea gubernabatur per prepositum, in cujus probatione 
Dublinenses tenent adhuc suum antiquum sigillum cum superscriptione preposi- 
ture, et inde pluribus annis tunc sequentibus regebatur ilia civitas per maiorem 
et ij. balivos, sed illos balivos Edward. 6. mutavit in ij. vicecomites. 

14 10. Comunitas Anglie petiit Henxicum 4. regem ut auferret ternporalita- 
tem a spiritualibus (which trobled England and Ireland, and especially the cler- 
gie of both landes, that they called all their wittes together to defend them selfes) 
allecnmdo quod terra regni Anglie inordinate et negligenter per ecclesiasticos 
devastata, sufficeretpro creatione et sustentacione xv. comitum, 6200 armigerum, 
et 100 domibus elemosinariis et hospitalibus, atque exhiberent domino regi 
annuatim preterea ad sumptus guerrarum supportandos 20 millia librarum, ita 
quod quilibet comes haberet in feodo annuali seu redditu annuo 3000 marchas, 
quilibet miles 1 00 marchas, et 4 carrucatas terre arabilis, quilibet armiger 40 
marchas, cumij. carrucatis terre arabilis, et quodlibet hospitale 100 marchas ; sed 
cleri obstiterunt. Lanquet vel Cooper. 

Fames magna in Hibernia. 

Prior de Kilmaynam justiciarius Hibernie duxit secum 1500 turbarios, et 
fecit viagium in patriam Byrnensium, ubi plures amisit cum Johanne Dorpatrik 
generoso, quorum turbariorum quidam revolverunt ad inimicos. 

14 1 2. Henricus 4. obiit. Henricus 5. succedit. 

OConchur de Ophaly multum nocuit Mi die, et captivavit 160 Anglos una 
die. 

1413. Johannes Stanley miles fit justiciarius Hibernie. 

14 14. Dominus Johannes Talbot de Sheffield creatus locum tenens Hiber- 
nie, et Robertus Talbot brevi obiit, qui suis expensis fabricari fecit parietes ville 
Kilkennie. 

ArchiepiscopusDublin fuit justiciarius Hibernie, cujus tempore ipso episcopo 
et clero ad ejus mandatum in processione apud Tristeldermot, pro statu et bono 
successu, et celeri expeditione pugnantium contra Hibernicos orantibus, 3000 
Hibernici inimici fuere interfecti juxta Kilcaa, per comitem Ormonie generalem 
armi et exercitus et suos Anglicos. As his father did a litle before. 

Thomas episcopus Leighlen cognomine Fleminge frater ordinis Augustiniani, 

E2 in 



28 

in ecclesia Sancti Trinitatis Dublin recepit ex parte doniini regis horaagium et 
fidelitatem ab Hugone O Neil in presentia episcopi Ossor : quo tempore ipse 
Willmus translatus fuit in Cassiliens : archiepiseop : qui Thomas obiit Leiglilen 
et juxta voluntatem suam sepultus fuit in Kilkennia apud ordinem profes- 
sionis sue. 

1415. Patritius Borrett episcopus Fernensis obiit, et sepultus est Kenlis. 

14 16. Stephanus Fleming archiepiscopus Armach obiit. 

1418. Consilium regale apud villam de Naas Lagenie, ubi concluserunt prb- 
sequere Hibernicos inimicos. 

14 19. 4 Idus Maii. Donatus More Cavenagh M e Murchardus principalis 
omnium Lageniensium capitaneus, quern nominarunt regem Lagenie, fuit cap- 
tus et in Angliam missus, ubi per 7 annos fuit balinatus apud fabrum aurarium 
•in Turre, et postea dimissus et destinatus in Hiberniam sub certa conditione. 

Of Balachillchovan tbat seept of Cavenaghs of the house of M c Morrgh 

toke their names. 

Thomas le Butler o-ermanus comitis Ormonie (qui vocabatur Thomas clau- 

dus) ivit in Franciam jussu regis Anglie, habens in suo conductu 100 equites 

Hibernicos ad suam electionem, qui applicans in Franciam versus Roone crema- 

vit patriam in suo itinere, et depredavit et predam tarn magnam duxit in cam- 

pum regis erga noctem, adeo quod ubi solvebant mane x s . pro 

habuerunt quarterium seu armum bovile pro I s . de nocte, sed post captionem 
civitatis licet ipse prius intravit secundum quosdam ibi obiit, secundum alios 
in Anglia per venerium mulieris, post reversum. 

1420. Jacobus le Butler comes Ormonie, locum tenens domini regis in Hi- 
bernia, occidit plures de familia et terribili exercitu Ymoardha juxta Athy, et 
sol preter naturam dicitur et cronicis scribitur stetisse per spacium iij. hora- 
rum ita ad mirationem plurium et miraculose, et donee comes vicit hostes in 
marisco rubeo (redd foord) alias prato rufo de Athy, nee grunna alias quack- 
myre ibi obsistit, quin equites justiciarii currebant in prosecutione hostiiun sicut 
hostes. 

Arthurus more M c Murcharda, ferax rebellis, cujus potentie omnes Lagenien- 
ses resistere non potuerunt, fuit demum per eundem comitem Ormonie devic- 
tus, et mitigatus adeo quod sese et suos confederatores gracie regali submisit. 

Thomas comes Desmond et Momonie obiit, et sepultus in civitate Rothma- 
gens : vide infra in hac pagina annum verum. 

Comes 



2 9 

Comes Ormonie deputatus regis domavit O Bryens de Gailgaish, Buraros et 
M c Bannanos in campo seu bellico contiictu juxta Sagelome, deinde Moardhos, 
O Geoghagan. M c Mahonn et omnes Hibemicos inimieos in tribus mensibus, et 
durante hoe itinere et viagio ipse deputatus fecit ubique clerum cujuslibet patrie 
esse in solemni processione, bis qualibet hebdomada, orantes pro bono et feliei 
statu ejusdem nobilis et aliorura pugnatorum contra dictos suos adversarios cete- 
rosque reipubliee dissipatores, utinam clerus hujus teraporis Deum sic precibus 
devote invocarent, ut pugnatores crederent victoriam a Deo obtineri. 

142 1. Henricus 5. obiit. Henricus 6. succedit. 

Richardus O Hiden archiepiscopus Cassiliensis accusatus in parlamento per 
Joliannem Geest episcopum Lismor et Waterfordie super 30 articulis, quorum 
primus quod noluit promovere aliquem Anglicum ad beneficium in sua diocesi. 
Alius articulus quod sic consuluit alios comprovinciales episcopos et cetera. 

Henricus 6. cepit regnare ultimo Augusti, et mortuo Delphino Carolo rege 
Francorum, fuit proclamatus rex Francie. 

Johannes Swanige primas Armachanus obiit. 

M c Mahonn multum nocuit Midie et Anglicanis cremando, spoliando, ne- 
cando, et depredando, donee fuerat devictus per deputatum et Dublinenses, qui 
animose et feliciter pugnaverunt. 

1433 [vide 14 19]. Thomas claudus le Butler miles deputatus domini regis 
in Hibernia, obiit in obsidio civitatis Roone in Francia. 

1438. Thomas Crawley archiepiscopus Dublin revertens a consilio Basil 
autoritate Eugenii pape, in Anglia obiit. 

1439. Richardus Talbot archiepiscopus Dublin. 

1445. Henricus 6. rex Anglie (comite Suffolchie suadente) duxit in uxorem 
Margaretam filiam regis Sicilie, et repudiavit filiam comitis Arminachie, cum 
qua prirno contraxerat, cuj us causa amisit Normanniam, et sui subjecti insurrex- 
erunt, et finaliter depositus cum sua regina et iilio primogenito f'ugiebat. 

1448. Duces Eboren : et Lancaster contenderunt circa coronam, ita quod 
quilibet eorum prosuo interesse excitarunt principales Anglos in Hibernia suos 
amicos respective, qui Anglici ceciderant in bello de Wakinfield, et sequenti 
anno in bello de le Mortimers cross in Wallia, quo Hibernici in absentia Anglo- 
rum assumentes vires et opportunitatem insurrexerunt in Hibernia, et obsiderunt 
ubique castra et fortalicia, que tenuerunt usque ad tempora Henrici 7 et 8. 

1449. Dux Eboracensis venit in Hiberniam cum magno scutto et exercitu 

ad 



' 









3° 

ad pacificandos Hibernicos et rebelles, qui nihil estimabile potuit agere, nee 
parum[? pacem] concludere, nee Hibernicos vincere. 

1458. Mac Geogbagan cremavit Rathmore cum pluribus villis et villao-iis 
in Midia, que est hereditas Plantagenet ducis Eboracensis. 

1459. Dux Eboracensis comes Sarum, et comes Warwik bellaverunt contra 
regera Anglie juxta London in Bloore heath sed in fine dux fugit in Hiber- 
niam, alii in Caliciam. Et anno sequenti (1460) reversus est in Angliara et 
fecit clamen [s/c] in coronam in parlamento ; deinde fuit interfectus cum filio suo 
comite Rutland apud Wakefield per Margaretam reginam et suum exercitum, 
et sic rex liberatur e carcere. 

Edward comes Marchiarum et heres ducis Eboracensis debellavit contra 
Henricum 6. et post aliquam interfectionem rex fugit cum regina et filio, cum 
regnasset 38 annos, ad ducem de Angeo, et iste Edwardua cepit regnare nomine 
Edwardus 4. et regit 22 annis. 

1462. Thomas fitz John de Geraldinis qui primo oneravit comitatum 
Waterfordie, Corken, Kery, et Limrici impositionibus Hibernicalibus, scilicet 
mercuniis, carragiis, pedagiis, et customis obiit, alii tamen dicunt quod ipse 
comes propter has exactiones et outragias contra pacem domini Regis, et leges 
Hibernie fuit decapitatus apud Drogheda per Johannem Tiptot comitem Wor- 
cestrie deputatum domini Regis in terra Hibernie. Vide pedegrew Desmondie 
quod non fuit comes, pater turn vivebat et cetera. Usurping upon his father, 
and going to Tredaff, he gave him his curse, and said, thou shalt have an ill end. 

Milo Roch episcopus Leighlen Momonie natus inter bardos numeratur pro 
omnibus instrumentis musice et rythmis. 

1464. Paulus 2. papa creatus, avarus, crudelis, injuriosus, immisericors, rudis 
nee doctus, nee aliquo favore voluit prosequi doctos. 

1469 [1487]. Lambertus nomine Peter Perchia de Warwik coronatusrex in 
ecclesiaSancteTrinitatis Dublin, cujus causa bellum de Storke vulgariter Martin 
Swarthsfield, in quo Thomas fitz morice de Geraldinis capitaneus Hibernicorum 
cecidit cum comite Lincolnie et pluribus nobilibus — Lanquet. 

1470. Rowlandus Eustace deputatus Hibernie obiit. 

1471. Thomas fitz Morice comes Kildarie justiciarius Hiberine anno Ed- 
wardi 4*' dicitur concessisse privilegium seu licentiam de la mortmayne ecclesie 
Sancti Kenitii Kilkennie et collegio vicar choralium ibidem. 

Henricus 6. per ducem Clarencie, comites Warwick, Penbrochie et Oxford 

dicitur 



3 1 

dicitur restitutus, et Edwardum 4. fugisse in Flandriam ad ducem Burgundie — 
Lanquet. Scd postea Edward iste rex ratione sui fratris ducis Clarencie venit 
ad London et cepit Henricuin regent in palatio episcopi reginam et Edwardum 
principem, quem interfecit, et regnavit rexllenricus in turre per tempus et tunc 
executus sepeliebatur in Schordich. 

1473. David episcopus Ossoriensis scribitur habuisse autoritatem domini 
regis Edward 4. per literas suas patentes ad excommunicandos et censurandos 
omnes contradicentes et injuriantes vicarios de la communi aula. 

1475. Edward 4. navigavit ad ducem Burgundie, qui liabuit secum in ex- 
ercitu suo 1000 Hibernicos, et antequam vencrunt rex Francie dedit regi Ed- 
wardo pro bono pacis 75000 nobilia auri puri, et promisit tantum ei annuatim 
pro 7 annis. 

1476. Donaldus Fuscus Kavenagli qui se vocari regem Lagenie permisit 
obiit. alii anno 1478. 

1483. Edward 4. obiit, relinquens Edwardum principem et Richardum 
ducem Eboracen : et Edward princeps cepit regnare sub nomine Edward 5. et 
obiit eodem anno. 

Richardus dux Glocestrie avunculus cepit regnare et regnavit nomine 
Richard 3. et regnavit 2 annis, interfectus ab Henrico 7. 

1485. Henricus comes Richmond nomine Hemic 7. regnavit et duxit in 
uxorem Elizabetham filiam Edwardi 4. et sic domus Eboracen : et Lancastren : 
unitse et cetera. 

1494. Edwardus Poynyngis deputatus domini regis in Hibernia plura 
fecit statuta, et leges renovavit, et ordinationes regni in pristinum cum sua 
charta confirmavit. 

Hue usque dicit autor meus Thaddeus ; Nicolaus episcopus in libro flavo 
Leighlen Annotationes fecit. 

Octavius Armachanus totius Hibemie primas addmittens appellationem 
David Curreyn decani et capituli Leighlen, a sede metropolitica lactam, inhi- 
buit episcopo Leighlen ne quod attemptaret in prejudicium decani et capituli 
appellantium circa suas distributiones quoticlianas ; per sententie instrumentum 
apparet episcopum comparuisse vigore inhibitionis et citationis emanate in consis- 
torio generali crastino Sancti Patricii in cancello divi Laurentii, presente Wil- 
lelmo priore Sancti Johannis baptiste de Drogheda 3°Novembris anno predicto 
coram eodem primate in presentia domini Radulphi prions domus Hospitalis aut 

ecclesie 



3 2 

ecclesie Sancti Laurentii extra muros ville predicte, reverandi Johannis episcopi 
Midensis, Thome Lang clerici, autoritate apostolica imperiali notarii puplici 
curie predicte consistorie registrarii et scribe principalis, atque Thome Move 
apparitoris et preconis, Nicolai prebendarii de Hillard economi syndinque et 
prolocutoris capituli atque procuratoris contra eundem episcopum in hac parte 
destinat. 

Vide antea quomodo Archiepiscopus Dublin in parlamento Kilkennie 
inhibet Armachano ne ferret ante se in sua provincia aliqua episcopalia 
insignia. Notwithstanding out of the province and in province he was 
above him. 
Nicholaus Magwyr episcopus Leighlen vulgariter nuncupatur M e Syr Moris in 
Odrona Lagenie in Hibernia natus apud Tulmogiman, Sacerdotis spurius, 
Thaddeus Dowlinge comendes him for hospitalitie and the number of cowes 
that he grased without losse (so well was he beloved) upon the woodes and 
mountaines of Knockbrannen, Cumnabally, Aghcarew, Ballycarew and Moil- 
glas, but Thomas Brown his chaplen who also wrote his lif, reporteth that he 
studied in Oxford, although it was but ii. yeres and 3 months, yet he profitted 
so much in logik, philosophic, the seven liberall sciences and divinitie that in 
his latter days he seemed to excell, he was made prebendarie of Hillard, where 
he preached and delivered great learninge with no lesse reverence, beinge 
in favor with the King and nobilitie of Lenister, who together with the deane 
and chapter elected him b[ishop] of Leighlen to succeed Milo then lately de- 
ceased. This Nicolas had obtained of the bishop of Rome litres of provision 
and was consecrated b[ishop] being but 30 years of age, to the great losse of 
the church he died anno 15 12 having begonne many learned workes and death 
preventing his purpose he cold not finish any savinge one cronicle sumariely 
by him collected and is found in the handes of many in written hand laten, and 
so farre Dowlinge and Browne- 

1495. Maxima perturbatio in Anglia et Hibernia ex parte Perkin Warbeck 
qui se nominavit Richardum Eboracensern filium Edwardi rcns. 

1496. Thomas comes Surrey et dominus Nevell cum ma^mo exercitu fue- 
runt missi hue in Scotiam majorem ab Henrico 7. qui Scoticos domuerunt. 

1497. Katerina filia Ferdinandi regis Hispanie fecit [? fuit] nuptaprincipi 
Arthuro primogenito Hcnrici 7. qui in pasce sequenti obiit. 

1500. Margareta filia Henrici 7. nupta fuit Jacobo regi Scotie. 

1501. 



33 

1501. Henricus filius Henrici 7. constitutus dux Eborura, locum tenens 
domini regis in Hibernia, qui postea fuit Henricus 8. 

1503. Elizabeth regina obiit in puerpevio in turre London. 

1504. Belhun de Knocktoa per Geraldum comitem Kildarie, deputatum 
Henrici ducis Eboracum locum tenentis Hibernie, contra Willelmum Burs' de 
Bellathclare in Conacia, O Bryen, M c Morogh, O Carvell, et alios boreales. Iste 
collis de Knocto situatus est vi. milliaria a Galway et ij milliaria a Ballagh- 
clare ; de quo versus. 

* ******** * 

1506. Maria filia regis Henrici 7. nupta fuit Carolo archduci Austrie et 
principi Castelle, et anno sequenti rex Castelle obiit. 

1508. Henricus 8. anno etatis 18 cepit regnare. 

1509. Geraldus comes Kildarie ordinis garterii miles qui Hibernicos gu- 
bernavit 33 annos obiit, et sepultus in capellabeate Marie infra ecclesiam Trini- 
tatis Dublin. 

1 5 10. Walterus archiepiscopus fuit cancellarius et justiciarius Hibernie, 
obiit hoc anno, sic Nicolaus scribit. 

Hue usque Nicolaus Leighlen. Sic Thaddeus (vide supra) scribitur. 
15 1 2. Maurus Nemorosus (Mauritius Woodkerne) rex Lagenie obiit. Will- 
mus archiepiscopus Dublin. 

15 14. Insurrectio magna in Hibernia. 

Maria soror regis Anglic nupta fuit Ludovico Francorum regi. 

Petrus Butler M c James, interfecit Jacobum nigrum (Duff) le Butler bas- 
tardum comitis le Gawran inter Donmore et Kilkenniam, secundum alios anno 
1497. 

15 15. Maria regina de Suffolk nupta fuit duci de Suffolk. 

Jacobus Butler comes Ormonie insultabatur per cives Dublin in manerio 
#r_chiepiscopi de la Sanct Sepulchres, unde legati sunt destinati a Romano 
ipontifice ad puniendam presumptuosam violationem sanctuarii Sancti Patricii 
Dublin. 

IThomes Halser Anglus Leighlen episcopus, utriusque juris doctor, protono- 
tarius apostolicus, pro Anglia Scotia et Hibernia in basilica apostolorum de 
urbe Rom: cujus vicar generalis erat abbas de Duysk nomine Carolus Cave- 
nagh cancellarius ecclesie Leighlen per octo annos, et episcopo mortuo custos 
fuit spiritualitatis per vi. annos. 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. 13. F l S l l' 



34 

1517- Magnum gelu in Hibcrnia et Anglia adeo quod currus equorum ive- 
runt super flumen de Tamesey [in] Anglia et super rivos Hibernie. 

15 19. Thomas Howard comes Surrey qui postea fuit creatus dux Norfol- 
chie cum 200 de regis roba venit locum tenens in Hiberniam, et quia ma^na 
perturbatio fuit in Hibernia, comes Kildarie fuit officio deputati depositus ; et 
iste comes Surrey reduxit comitem Desmondie et alios Hibernicos ad bonam 
conformitatem, deinde ipse Surrey cum multitudine Hibernicorum transnavi- 
gavit in Franciara, cujus qxudem recessum habitantes (Angli) Hibernie queru- 
labant multum propter ejus integritatem, bonam naturam, et modum guberna- 
tionis, secundum alios venit anno 1521 et recessit anno 1523. 

1522. Geraldus Kevanagh M c Moehardus, qui se fecit vocari regem Lage- 
nie et ducem Laginensium obiit, sepultus Leiglilen. 

Mauritius episcopus Leighlen cognominatus Deoran in Laxia jam vocata 
Queenes County in Leinster frater minorum professus, in Theologia controver- 
sia et conversatione eloquentissimus predicator, castus a nativitate, episcopa- 
tum reo-ebat annum cum dimidio [et] ij mensibus ; interfectus fuit per Maurum 
(Mauritium) Cavenagh archidiaconum dioceseos inter Kilneyn et Cloaghruish, 
eo quod dicti archidiaconi et aliorum redarguit perversitatem et corrigere pro- 
posuit. Iste episcopus in jocando ejus adventu quibusdam persuadentibus du- 
plicari subsidium cleri respondit : Melius radere oves quam destruere. 

David Curren rector de Urghlen, curieque consistorii Leighlen advocatus 
ac capellanus choralis in ecclesia cathedrali ibidem, hue usque in memorandis 
suis, sic Thaddeus. 

1523. Thomas fitz Water alias Radcliff comes Surrey dux generosorum 
exercitus Anglie habuit in suo conductu de Hibernia plures ad arma homines 
aptos in expeditionem Scotie, et ibidem cremavit 37 villas et transcurrebat ab 
orientali marchia usque in occidentem depredando et necando. 

Fames mag-na in Hibernia et Angdia, ita ut Henricus 8. tenuit festum nata- 
litiorum in patria. 

1524. Geraldus comes Kildarie juratus deputatus, qui Maurum (Mauri- 
tium) Guer id est " sharp" interfectorem episcopi Deoran predicti cruci affigere 
curavit, at the head of Glan Reynald by Leighlen, et ibidem intralia ejus fecit 
comburi, anno 1525, vide supra. 

1525. Robertus Talbot de Polly gard, amicus Petri Butler comitis Ossorie, 
fuit interfectus juxta Ballymore per Jacobum fitz Gerald, pro eo quod suspec- 

tus 



35 

tus erat esse kalendarium actorura comitis Kildarie quo accusaretur, propter 
quod Butlerii stomachabantur, adeo quod multa sequebatur regui perturbatio. 

1526. Carolus Cavenagli filius Mauritii juvenis et Mevina hibernice 
Mean mater ejus cum aliis in Castro de Droymreagh juxta Killanna, modo 
vocata Oldabbey, cremabantur per Cabir M c Arte de Polmevaty. 

1528. O Neil Ultoniorum eapitaneus et O Conchur cum suis confederates 
insurrexerunt contra Petrum Butler comitcm Ossorie, qui Ultonienses multum 
nocuerunt marchis Midie, et cetera. Sed Waterfield in recordo ecclesie scribit 
talem comotioncin fuisse 1532. Illi etiam invaserunt Uriell spoliando et de- 
predando totam patriam. 

Geraldus comes Kildarie contra O Carvell insurgendo et castrum de Byrre 
insultando fuit dire vulneratus ex castro in latere suo per buletum, cui quidam 
turbarius jocose dixerat, " domine cur gemis tarn dire, cum ego semel habui iij 
buletos in me, et vides domine quam sanus sum ad presens ?" — cui comes mite 
respondit (in agonia) quod hunc etiam bulletum vellet ipsum in se una cum 
ceteris habuisse. 

Matheus episcopus Leighlen agnomine Saunders natus juxta Drogheda, 
mirifice comendatur a Waterfieldo. 

1529. Petrus Butler comes Ossorie, Hibernie deputatus, incepit accusare 
comitemKildarensem coram consilio in Anglia, vide haeo omnia in Waterfieldo 
qui eo tempore vixit. 

1530. Hibernici ferociter insurrexerunt in absentia comitis Kildarie ad 
tunc in Anglia commorantis, qui dominia clicti Kildarie, et plures patrias in 
circuitu invaserunt, unde rex transmisit eundem comitem Kildarie et \V ra . 
Skevington, qui rebellium ferocitatem cum celeritate reformarunt. 

Cahir M c Gerald Cavenagli communiter vocatus M c Nehenyne crostey, the 
sonne of the ill-begotten doughter, that is, a bastard, fuit factus M c Murchardus, 
qui Mauritio Nemoroso Lagenie successit. 

Edictum in parlamento emanavit quod nullus in regno Anglic aut Hibernie 
obtineret aliquod rescriptum aut beneficium ab ecclesia Romana. 

1532. Parlamentum coram Geraldo comite Kildarie convocatum, quo finito 
in Angliam coram consilio accusatur, convocatur et in turrim London comitti- 
tur ubi finem vite imposuit. 

1534. Thomas fitz Gerald vocatus Thomas sericus, in Irish etida orsidan, 
for that his followers had silk frienges about their head peeces, baro de Ophaly, 

F 2 cusots 



36 

custos gladii regalis, deputatus patris sui, justiciarius Hibcrnie, restituit gla- 
dium in presentia eonsilii ct loco ubi gladium recepit, et denunciavit ibidem 
rebellionem fieri publice et omnium subditorum regis bona et catella proscribi, 
deinde fecit capi Johannem Allen archiepiscopum Dublin et interfici apud 
Tartayn. 

Comitatus Kilkennie combustus fuit ct depredatus per eundem Thomam 
fitz Gerald. 

W m . Skeffington miles venit in Hiberniam cum exercitu militum, deputa- 
tus obiit apud Kilmaynam. — Stowe. 

Dublinenses confusi fuerunt et interfecti per Thomam fitz Gerald tam 
apud Kilmaynam quam apud Newgat, et vicum Sancti Thome incendio cre- 
mavit. 

1535. Nicolaus Moscraw et Hamerton cum exercitu militum tunicis albis 
cruces rubeas gerentibus induti, interfecti fuerunt per eundem Thomam apud 
ClontarfF. 

Dominus Leonardus Gray venit in Hiberniam et protexit Thomam fitz 
Gerald cum suis avunculis, Jacobo, Waltero, Olivero, Johanne et Richardo, qui 
postea fuerunt oinnes super Uteris domini deputati executi, et decollati apud 
Tiburun. Secundum Stowe 3 Februarii 1536. Et ipse Leonardus Gray postea 
decollatus apud Tourehill anno sequenti, vide alibi. 

1536. Religiosse domus et monasteria Hibcrnie fuerunt autoritate parla- 
menti concessa domino regi ad numerum 376 domuum, quorum valor annuatim 
extendit [ad] 32,000 libras, et bona mobilia eorum ad sumam 100,000 libr; et 
numerus hominum religiosorum in eisdem domibus professorum, et inde ad 
tunc rejectorum excedit 100,000, ceterisque religiosis abbatias suas et monas- 
teria sursum reddentibus voluntarie, certe pensiones fuerunt quoad vixerunt 
concesse. 

1539. O Neil rebellavit et oriabat [sic] fere xx. millia in Midia et English 
pale, sed postea retractus per Leonardum Gray deputatum. 

Estus et ariditas admirabilis aridos fecit rivos magnos, ita quod comuniter 
darent dimidium grani pro molitura alterius, et multi obierunt febre et fluxu, 
et hiems sequebatur adeo frigida gelu et nive, quod bestie inumerabiles pre 
frigore moriebantur, et ultimo pestis extirpavit inumerabiles. 

Maneria ducis Norfolchie et Talbot comitis Waterfordie et Salop aliorum- 
que absentium et non habitantium super suas possessiones in Hibernia con- 

fiscabantur 



























' 



37 

fiscabantur in manus domini regis autoritate parlamenti apud Dublin, coram 
Leonardo Gray, 22 Maii. 

Matheus Saunders episcopus Leighlen. 

Milo Baron prior de Inisdiog episcopus Ossor. 

1 54 1. Keadan alias Keadagh M c Congall M c Mealaghlen, rex ut vocabatur 
Laxie, interfectus fuit juxta Kylneyn per Donaldum M c Caliil in festo Sancti 
Petri. 

Leonardus Gray deputatus hoc anno executus eo quod private tenuit fami- 
liaritatem cum Tlioma Fitz Gerald rebelle, et eo quod promisit servi tores ejus 
convertere ecclesiam cathedralern de Down in stabulam equorum, et quia non 
punivit suos propter spoliationem subditorum, et eo quod non eque ministravit 
justitiam postulan[tibus]. 

Henricus 8. proclamabatur rex Hibernie. 

Antonius Sanctleger miles fit deputatus Hibernie, et per concordatum sub 
suis aliorumque de consiliis manibus in modiun charte magne decrevit pro liber- 
tate et immunitate ecclesie Hibernicane, videlicet, quod maneria principalia 
episcoporum Hibernie, mansusque rectorum et vicariorum ubi habitant ipsimet, 
atque mansiones et glebe ecclesiarum valore annuo decern marcarum ster: non 
excedentes, fuisse et esse libera et exempta ab omnibus oppressionibus et im- 
positionibus aliisque patrie usibus, coyney et livery, ut patet in archivis ecclesie 
Leighlen. 

1542. ONeil, ODonel, Magwir, OKahan, M e Gwyllyn, O Hanlan, cum 
suis complicibus Hibernicis rebellarunt et spoliarunt boreales subditos usque 
ad Navan, et auferebant predas quam maximas, et anno sequenti submiserunt 
se gratiae regis, una cum O Bryen lamoso rebelle. 

1543. Willmus Brereton miles fuit justiciarius Hibernie qui per tempus 
sui regiminis laudabiliter et pacifice gubernavit Hiberniam. 

Magna perturbatio, crudelis et seditiosa factio in Hibernia. 
Georg Brown archiepiscopus Dublin. 

1544. Hibernici ad numerum 500 sub gubernatione Poer et Finglas 
transmissi in preparationem ad Bolen. 

Hugo (Con) O Neil dominus in Ultonia creatus fuit per Henricum 8. comes 
de Tyron, et Matheus ejus bastardus creatus Baro de Dunganon. 
Donatus O Bryen creatus comes de Clanriccard durante vita. 

1545. Cahir Cavenagh M c Art de Poolmohown alias Polmonty baronetus 

de 



3» 

de Sancto Moling habuit victoriam de Gerald M c Cahir de Gcrrowcheyll juxta 
Hacketston ubi ceciderunt de Byrnen et aliis iu Idouagh ioo, et tam multi 
ex altera parte. I wold the rest of the rebells had been so bestoned. 

Jacobus Butler conies Orrnonie et Leonax comes de Downbrittan in Scotia 
minore et Johannes Travers miles cum 3000 Hibcrnicis navigaverunt a portu 
de Skyrres et applicuerunt in Scotia, ubi nihil memoria dignum fecerunt. 

1546. Jacobus Butler comes Orrnonie et Ossorie obiit in Holborne, Lon- 
don, 1 8 Octobris, sepultus in ecclesia Sancti Thome de Acres ; cor ejus dela- 
tum ad ecclcsiam Sanctii Kenitii Hibernie. 

Monasterium fratrum Carmelitarum Leighlen pontis in Lagenia Hibernie, 
erat in manerium aulamque regis et municipum edificatum, ad usum capitanei 
Coghlen et regiorum militum et garrison pro defensione patrie versus Hiber- 
nicos rebelles. 

1547. Henricus 8. moritur. Edwardus 6. succedit. 
Edwardus 6. fecit ij. vicecomites in Dublin ubi antea balivi. 
1550. Johannes Bale episcopus Ossorie. 

Robertus Travers regali autoritate episcopus Leighlen, cruel, covetous, 
vexing his clergie, fuit decretum in cancellaria Hibernie contra ilium ex parte 
communitatis ecclesie Leijrhlen. 

1553. Edwardus 6. obiit, si causam queras lege Cardanum de genituris. 
Jana filia Henrici ducis Suffolcie, uxor domini Gilford Dudley filii ducis 

Northumbrie, denunciabatur regina Anglie vigore cujusdam statuti per eun- 
dem Edward regem ad persuasionem ducis Northumbrie editi, brevi fuit deca- 
pitata. 

Maria Henrici 8. filia. 

1554. Philippus princeps Hispanie applicuit in Southampton in festo 
Sancti Jacobi, et brevi matrimonium cum regina contraxit, et stilus eorum ab 
heraldo proclamatus et cetera, et stilus Caroli imperatoris illius patris in Gield- 
hall, London scriptus et cetera. 

Charles the fyft his stile set up in golden lettres in Guyldhall London. 

Charles the fyft by favour and assent of devine mercy and grace elected 
emperour of the Romaynes, Alway Csesar, kinge of Almain, kinge of Castill, 
kinge of Aragon, kinge of Leones, kinge of Naples, kinge of Cicillia, kinge of 
Jerusalem, kinge of Hungarie, kinge of Dalmacia, kinge of Croacia, kinge of 
Navarr, kinge of Granat, kinge of Morcia, kinge of Gien, kinge of Algarb, kinge 

of 



of Dorden, kingc of Cordubia, kinge of Valencia, kinge of Sevil, kinge of Solet, 
kinge of Corse, kinge of Algezirs, kinge of Gibraltar, kinge of Minorica and 
Majorica, kinge of the Islands of Canarie, kinge of the Antisles in Inde, kin^e 
of the fyrme land of the ocean seas now called New Spaine — Archduke of 
Austrich, duke of Burgonie, duke of Lotharingia, duke of Brabant, duke of 
Lunbrock, duke of Luxenbrock, duke of Callabrie, duke of Athens, duke of 
Nigripont, duke of Wiertingbick, duke of Gesder — Erie of Flaunders, erle of 
Hasburge, erle of Marcellon, erle of Artois, erle ofBorgon, erle palatine of 
the Mores, erle of Holland, erle of Zeland, erle of Ferret, erle of Ryburge, erle 
of Rosillon, erle of Brittaine, erle of Marnier, erle of Zetaine — Lantsrave of 
Alasy — Marques of Borgon, marques of Cristan, marques of Gocia -Prince of 
Suetia, prince of Austrich — Lord of Frisland, lord of Slavonia, lord of Portua, 
lord of Bisky, lord of Molyn, lord of Salses, lord of Tripolis, lord of Meth, 
and lord of Lordships in Asia and Affrica. 

Petrus Carew miles baro de Odrona in Hibernia et dominus de Mochonus — 
com! alias de Mohounstreet in Anglia propter insurrectionem apud Devon- 
shire inceptam, audiensque infortunium Henrici ducis SufFolcie et postea deca- 
pitati cum suo filio et filia Jana fugit in Franciam. Sed postea revertit et 
reconciliabatur Phillippo et Marie. 

Elizabetha filia Henrici 8. turri comissa, postea ducta ad Woodstock. 

Cardinalis Polus restitutus et cetera, recepit supplicationes omnium in par- 
lamento congregato quod penitieret eos de scismate et cetera, supplicarunt ut 
absolvantur et cetera, ille eloquenti oratione acceptabilis penitentia et cetera 
ostensa comissione a sede apostolica omnes absolvit et cetera, fit cantatio, Te 
Deum laudamus et cetera, et hoc apud Romam audito processiones fiebant pro 
vera conversione Anglicorum et Hibernicomm, et papa concessit per bullam 
remissionem omnibus de hoc vere gaudentibus. 

Georgius Brown archiepiscopus Dublin, Edwardus Midensis, Johannes Bale 
Ossoriensis episcopus, Roberrus Travers Leighlen episcopus, et Thomas Darey 
aliique prelati et beneficiati fuere depositi per Georgium Dowdall primatem 
Armachanum, et Thomam Lewrous alias Leurus episcopum Darensem, primes 
et principales comissarios et ceteros eorum collegas, et custodia spiritualitatis 
Dublin concessa fuit Thome Lockwood decano Sanctc Trinitatis Dublin, et 
custodia spiritualitatis Leighlen comissa fuit decano Canell et archidiacono et 
cetera, forgett not D. Kenell [in margine]. 

Thomas 



40 

Thomas Fylay alias Fighill minorum frater autoritate apostolica episcopus 
Leighlen. 

1555. Hugo Curren archiepiscopus Dublin vocavit provinciale concilium, 
ut pretendebat pro reformatione religionis. 

Thomas fitz Water alias Radclif comes Sussex deputatus Hibernie, vide 
viatrium comitis Sussex et Thome comitis Ormonie in Scotiam. 

Thomas Leighlen episcopus, ut patet in archivis ecclesie et libro concilii 
regalis. 

1557. Congal Oge rex Lacie, apud pontem Leighlen cruci affixus. 

1558. Johannes Othownery frater, episcopus Ossoriensis pre dolore amis- 
sionis thesauri sui per fures, mortuus. Fures confitebantur et executi. 

Maria regina absente Philippo obiit, et multi nobiles cum ea. 

Elizabeth regina 17 Novernbris, religio reformata et corrupta pecunia extir- 
pata, vide sequens in statutis Hibernie. 

1560. Thomas comes Ormonie et Geraldus comes Desmonie rebellarunt 
in loco vocato Aghemoy infra comitatum Tipperarie, ubi pluribus ex parte 
Desmonie interfectis, comes Geraldus fait vulneratus, et captivus in Angliam 
per Ormond transmissus. 

1566. Edwardus Randolf armiger locum tenens domini regis in Ultonia 
et collanellus mille pedestrium a Bristollia arrivavit in Knockfergus, et inde 
venit in Dyrrhy apud Laughfoil ubi fortificavit et 12 Decembris sequente in 
conflictu vicit O Neil, qui cum eo pugnavit, et non postea diu vixit. 

1567. Shane O Neil secundum Campion vocans se O Neil et dominum 
provincie Ultonie in diversis conflictibus interfecit 3500 de exercitu Henrici 
Sidney deputati Hibernie, ac etiam de Scoticis 300, demum suam conmatrem 
in adulterio publice et notorie tenens, inarms violentas in presbyterum qui una 
cum sociis sibi dixit non licere ei (in confessione) uxorem alterius tenere, et in 
ultima ejus etate crimina leste majestatis comittere et cetera, tandem compul- 
sus ad inimicos fugere, quorum patres ipse occiderat, illi in ebrietate ejus 
cultro eum inciderunt, et interfecerunt, at the key of Ybuyg. 

1568. Whereas before mention was made of Thomas Carew Baron of 
Odrone banished, and Sir Peter Carew knight claiming of him, at this tyme 
old Sir Peter Carew, (havinge adopted as is said young Sir Peter Carew) 
entered upon the possession of Odrone, and made the Cavenages compound 
with him, the which he quietly enjoyed savinge that Morice Oge Kavenagh 

of 



41 

of Garrawcheill per fas et nephas tenuit suas terras vulgariter vocatas fyv-mart 
Landes absque titulo vel interesse. 

1569. Lagenienses omnibus enormitatibus dediti, quidam dixere Peter 
Carew his warres, alii dixere Edmund Butlers warres. Cavanenses hie dia- 
boli contra Petrum Carew. 

1570. Adam Loftus archiepiseopus Dublin. 

Lysac O Moardha (O Moore) sonne to Keadau Rough domini de Lasia 
factus capitaneus ab Henrico Sidney deputato servivit animose contra Ultoni- 
enses, sed postea (canis ad vomitum) inventus in proditionibus, convictus sus- 
pensus fuit ad pontem Leighlen. 

Thomas Butler comes Ormonie venit ex Anglia, pacificavit rebelles, ( s Robert 
Mylles of the saf conduct et cetera) cepit fratrem Edmimdum Butler, tradidit 
euni deputato, quem Hibernenses f'ecerunt, statuerunt facere eum, capitaneum 
suum generale, Petro Carew principaliter resistente, sed e carcere aufugit, et 
omnia ei condonata. 

157 1. Magna clades in Conatia que vocatur bellum de Srughill inter 

Johannem gubernatorem illius provincie de Conaught et 

Conaehtinenses, ubi ceciderunt plures ex utraque parte, sed gubernator pre- 
valuit. 

Scientia imprimendi et cudendi literas et characteres lingue Hibernice' 
incepit in Hibernia in civitate Eoblana (Dublin) per Johannem Kerna thesau- 
rarium ecclesie Sancti Patricii et Nicolaum Welsh Ossoriensem episcopum. 
Daniel, episcopus Leighlin leased out all in maner. 

1572. Willmus fitz Williams deputatus Hibemie. 

1575. Rebelho Ketiugensium sub Petro Keting eorum capitaneo sed brevi 
confusi et occisi. 

Thomas comes Ormond rejecit omnes impositiones Coney et Lyvery ex 
patria sua. 

Pestilentia magna per Weixfordiam, Dublin, Naas, Athie, Carloug ac 
Leighlin-Pontem, ita quod civitas Dublin preter castra tantum fuit quasi 
depopulata, ut fenum et herbe nascebantur in plateis et valvis ecclesi- 
arum. 

Henricus Sidney iterum deputatus, post discessum W m . fitz Williams. 

No 

• Interlined. 
IRISH ARCH. SOC. I 3. G 



4 2 



No terme after Trinities day held at Dublin, pretext*! infectionis epidimi* 
pestis, et archiepiscopus Dublin per totem provinciam fecit litanias et sufiragia 
diebus Dommicis Mercurii et Veneris fieri contra pestem. 

Petrus Carew senior miles vir liberate, strenuus, potens in armis, stature 
fortis, beet senex animosus tamen et belliger ex juventute, qui fortiter stravit 
plures in conflictu de Knockcownla de confederatis rebellium, conqueror 
Odronie m Lagenia et Corkybeig in Desmohown, dominus de Monown«ottrie 
in Anglia, obnt apud Rossam-Pontis in Hibernia, et sepelitur in ecch-ia Tri 
mtatis apud Waterfordiam ab antiquis vocatam Manapiam, qui in ultimo ejus 
eulogio per qumque episcopos approbato et insinuato confirmavit statum ffeof- 
amenti, per eum antea ad usum Petri juvenis Carew et Georgii Carew (modo 
presidents Momonie) et ad usum aliorum in Anglia ad numemm 15 persona- 
rum in toto; volens ut invicem secundum ordinem insertum succederent si 
absque mascuhs de corporibus legitime sic procreatis vel procreandis succe^sione 
uicessennt. 

1576. Walter Devrox comes Essex, comes Marshall in Hibernia obiit 
Uublmi, corpus in Angbam et cetera. 

[517- Rory (Oge O Moor) O Moarda fecit magnam comotionem immo 
maximam in Lagenia, quam tenuit per xviij. annos, quo tempore currente crema- 
vit Naas, Athy, Caterlough, Leighlin-Pontem, Rathcoyl, Tassagard, Kilbrid 
Bayllymore, Killy, et Rathmore in Lagenia (cepit treacherously Henricum 
Hanngton et Alexandrum Cosby) ; cremavit cantredam de Duthy-Fhelly do 
minium O Carvelli, Athlone in Conacia, interfectus (whome the Irish rimers 
extol like him that burnt Diana his temple 1 ) fuit per Bernardum M'Gilpatrick 
dommum de Upper Ossorie— vide infra. 

Moris M'Lasy M'Conyll dominus de Merggi (ut ille asseruit) et baronis 
de OMergi successor, cum 40 hominibus de sua familia post confederationem 
suam cum Rory OMoardha et super quadam protection^ interfectus fuit apud 
Molaghmastyn in comitatu Kildarie, ad eundem locum ob id proposition per 
magistrum Cosby et Robertum Harpoll, sub umbra servitii accersitus coL 
sone. Harpoll excused it that Moris had geven villanous wordes to the breach 
ot his protection. 

Eugenius M'Hugh ODempsie de Clonagovna miles ac dominus de Glyn- 
molyra luit in castro suo ibidem interfectus per Lysac M c Neill y Moardha. 

Georgius 
1 Interlined. 



43 

Georgius Ack worth legum doctor, et Robertus Garvey legum baccalareus, 
destlnati ad clerum Hibernicmu titulo magistrorum ad facultates pro refor- 
matione cleri, sed ecclesie potius perturbatio sequebatur. 

1578. Henricus Sidney deputatus fecit suspendi 15 de familiaribus Calva- 
tin M c Tyrrell capitanei eorum, eo quod extortionem comiserunt circa cibuiu et 
pecuniam. 

Willelnma Gerrard armiger cancellarius Hibernie iterura venit [in] Hiber- 
niam. — vide quae scripsit et cetera, et pone eum inter scriptores. 

Willelmus Drury miles (post discessum Henrici Sideney) factus justiciarius 
Hibernie, moriebatur Waterfordie, corpus ferebatur Dublin, ubi per plures dies 
insepultum remanebat, tandem expensis domine regine in ecclesia Sancti 
Patricii inhumatur. 

1579. Jacobus fitz Moris Geraldinus cum filio prioris de Rhodes et Spa- 
niardis ad numerum 700 armatis, applicuit in portu de Coan Thymore et fece- 
runt fortalicium apud Down Moyre in Moimster, ubi postea per dominum 
Gray fuerunt interfecti, paucis exceptis qui capiebantur. 

Henricus Davels armiger, vicecomes comitatus Cork occisus apud Trally 
per Johannem Desmond. 

Willelmus Pellam miles fit justiciarius. 

1580. Arthurus Gray de Wilton miles garterii fit deputatus Hibernie 
duxit magnum exercitum ad fortalitium de Down Moyr, interfecit Italos et 
Hispanos, 4° r generosis exceptis quorum unus erat filius prioris de Rhodes. 

Magna strages et clades per Ketingos apud Leighlen et apud Glynmalowra 
per Byrnenses, ubi Petrus Oge miles, baro de Odrona, Franciscus Cosby armiger 
de Stradbally, Laxie capitaneus turbariorum ligionmi, magister Moor, et Ber- 
nard fitz Williams capitanei, fuerunt interfecti una cum aliis quampluribus 
generosis estimationis per Feagh M c Hugh, et alios rebelles. 

Feagh M°Hugh de Balyncorr in Cowlraynald, per procurationem Mauritii 
Oge Kavenagh de Garrovcheill, cremavit x. villas in High Odron, et captivos 
secum adduxit Magistrum Wood et Rogerum Hooker decanum Leighlen et 
alios Anglicanos. 

-1582. Johannes O Desmond miles captus fuit una cum Jacobo na Dty- 
noyll per capitaneum Smith executioni apud . .. . . . demandatus. 

Thomas comes Ormond transfretavit in Angliam una cum cometissa. 

G2 1853. 



44 

1583- Geraldus fitz James comes Desmonie captus in cabano suo in sylva, 
et decollatus per Thomaxn Kelly — and this Kelly was hanged at Tyburne. 

Mackwortli capitaneus crudelis interfectus per Oconors de Oplialy, mem- 
brum genitale eo vivente extraxerunt, eumque excoriaverunt. 

Thomas comes Ormonie reversus est in Hiberniam et factus est gubernator 
provincie de Monaster, et Desmond generalis. 

Johannes Perrot miles deputatus Hibernie pacificavit regnum. 

1588. Anglican! undertakers Geraldo comite Desmonie mortuo venerunt 
familiis ad inhabitandnm. 

Willelmus fitz Williams (post discessum Johannis Perrot) fit deputatus, ejus 
tempore classis navalis Hispaniorum magnum habuit infortunium, preter in 
Anglia perdit et cetera. In Hibernia. In Tyreconill infra Ultoniam super lo- 
cum de Loghfoyl una navis et 1 100 homines. In Conatia apud portum de 
Sligo 3 naves magne, 1500 homines. In Tyreowley, 1 navis cum 400 
hominibus. In Cleere Island 1 navis cum 300 hominibus. In Fynglassy una 
navis et 400 homines. In Ophlagartys contrey, 1 navis cum 200 homini- 
bus. In Irrish ij. naves sed homines ex illis in alias naves fugerunt. In 
Gallaway bay, 1 navis et 700 homines. In Momonia super Shenan, ij. naves 
et 600 homines. In Trally, 1 navis et 24 homines. In Deishy, 1 navis et 
500 homines. In Desmonia 1 navis 300 homines. In rivo de Shenan 1 navis 
quam ipsi proprietarii cremarunt fugiendo in aliam. Summa — Navium 17. 
Homines 5394. — Vide compositio Turlagh Leoge et Hugonis Tyron. in turre 
London, et cetera. 

1589. Richardus Meredith episcopus Leighlen. 
Orwairk rebellavit, fugit in Scotiam, captus in Angliam mittitur, et termino 

Michaelis apud Tiburne suspensus, 1 591 . 

1 591. Arthur Achnan Kavenagh pensionarius domine regine captus in 
Monelly, et cum 7 de suis sociis fuit suspensus juxta Caterlough. 

1592. Thomas comes Ormond applicuit in Hibernia. 
1594. Willelmus Russell miles deputatus Hibernie, 20 Augusti ivit cum 

exercitu contra Ultonienses. Johannes Noris miles. Birnenses et M c Mahown 
interfecerunt in uno conflictu 300 homines exercitun Henrici Duke militis, qui 
victualia ad Iniskillen adferre proposuerant. 

Thomas dominus Burgh deputatus, obiit apud Newry. Wony M c Rory, in 
Lease, et cetera. Thomas Noris miles justiciarius uno mense. 

1598. 



45 

1598- Adam Loftus et Robertus Gardiner justiciarii. Thomas comes Or- 
mond locum tenens exercitum. 

1599. Robertus Essex comes locum tenens domine regine. Adam Loftus 
et Georgius Cary deputati Essex in ejus absentia. 

1600. Carolus Mountjoy deputatus Hibernie mense Martii. 





^£>A 



mtsmp 
















INDEX. 



Page. 
A. 

ABerfraw, Comitatus, 5 
Abloicus vel Abloickus, Rex Dub- 
lin, 5 

Hibernie, 6 

Ackworth, Geovgius, 43 

Adelstanus, 5 

Adrianus, Papa 11 

Affricanus, 3 

Aghcarew 32 

Aghemoy, 40 

Alexander, Papa, 11, 13 

Allen, Johannes, Archep. Dublin, . . 36 

Alphonsus Episcopus 9 

Andressam, Fergutius de, 19 

Angeo, Dux de, 30 

Anglia, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 13, 18, 24, 28, 30, 32, 

33,34,35,39,41,44 

Anglie Regina, ....... 6, 38 

Rex, 7, 13, 23, 29, 30 

Anglicana Ecclesia, 12 

Anglicani, 18, 43 

Undertakers, 44 

Anglicorum Conversio, 39 

Anglorura Conquestus, 3 



Page. 
Anglus, Thos. Hasler, Episcopus Leighlin, 33 

Aragon, Rex, 15 

Arcloo, ....... 16, 19, 22 

Castrum de 17 

Ardabother, 25 

Ardglas, Rex de, 10 

Armach, 10 

Arcbiepiscopus, 28 

Armaehanus, 7, 32 

Gelatius, 9 

Malachias, 8 

Octavius, 31 

Primas, 20, 39 

Primas, Johannes Swanigi, 29 

Rowlandus Joice, ... 18 

Arminachie Comites, 29 

Arthois, Jenicho de, 25 

Arthurus, 4 

Arthurus, Primogenitus Henrici VII, . 32 

Artisson, Robin, 21 

Athenry, -....19 

Athlone, 16,42 

Athy vel Athie, . . . . 19, 28, 41, 42 
Augustiniani Ordinis Frater, .... 27 
Austria, Archdux de, 33 



48 



Page. 



B. 



Bagganbun, Creek of, 9 

Bala Moor Eustace, 17 

Bale, Johannes, Episcopus Ossoriensis, 38, 39 

Baliathroyn, alias Thryme, .... 17 

Baliol, Edwardus, Rex Scotie, ... 16 

Ballach Morchodus, Princeps Lagenie, 18 

Ballachillchovan, 28 

Ballaghclere, vel Bellathclare, ... 33 

Balla-Gawran, 19 

Ballycarew, 32 

Ballymore v. Bayllymore, 42 

Balybregan, 22 

Balygawran, Comes de, Edmundus Butler, 21 

Balyleathan alias Loaghan, .... 20 

Balyncorr, Feagh M'Hugh de, . . . 43 

Baron Milo, Prior de Inisdiog, ... 37 

Barret, Willielmus, 16 

Barry, Johannes de, 17 

Milerus, . 9 

Philippus, 13 

Robertus, 9 

Bartholemus, aliter Bastolenus, ... 1 

Basca, 7 

Basilla 21 

Bastolenus, I 

Belinus, 2 

Bellathclere in Conacia, 33 

Bellyngan, alias Belligard, .... 26 

Bergon, filius Neptuni, 1 

Bernardin, Edmundus, 21 

Bernardus, vulg. Brian Bowrow, . . 6 

Berwick 22 

Birnenses (vide Byrnenses), .... 44 

Bignor, Alexander, ....... 20 

Archiepiscopus Dublin, . . 20, 21 

Bishett, Johannes 19 

Blethyn Convyn. Rex Wallie, ... 7 

Bloore heath, 30 



Page. 

Bonifacius, Papa, 15 

Bonnevile, Johannes, 18 

Bonrath, Castrum de, 22 

Bookum.Richardus, Episcopus de Leigh- 

lin, 24 

Borrett, Patritius, Episcopus Fernensis, 28 
Braubant, Willielmus, Episcopus, . . 7 

Branenses, 19 

Brechus, Simon, 2 

Bree 25 

Bremestbury, 5 

Bremyngham (vide Brymingham), . . 19 

Johannes, Comes Louth, 21, 22 

Petrus 17 

Brennus 2 

Brereton, Johannes, 18 

Willielmus, Justiciarius, . . 37 

Brigida, 3 

Bristollia, 40 

Britannia vel Brytannia, . . . . 2, 5, 7 
Britanie Rex, Edwallus Voel, .... 5 

Britones 9 

Brydericus 6 

Brown, George, 37 

Archiepiscopus Dublin, 39 

Thomas, 32 

Bruce, Edwardus de la, 19 

Robertus, Rex Scotie, . . 19, 20 

Brutus, 2 

Brymingham (vide Bremingham), Earl 

of Louth, 20 

Burchardus Gurmundi vel O'Gorma- 

gheyn, 4 

. Dux Lagenie, .... 3, 4 

Burgh vel Burg, Richardus, Comes Ul- 

tonie, 15, 16, 17 

Thomas, Deputatus Hibernie, . 44 

Walterius de, 14 

Willielmus, 16, 33 

Burgundie Dux, 31 






49 



Page. 

Burgus, 19, 29 

Burk, Walterus, Com. Ultonie, ... 15 
Burkes, 15 

Butler, Edmundus, . . . 19, 20, 21, 41 
Comes Balygawran 

et Pinceroa, 21 

Deputatus, . . .41 

his warres, . . .41 

— - Justiciarius Hibernie, 20, 

26 

Jacobus, Comes Ormonie, 28, 33, 38 

Petrus, Comes Ossorie, ... 34 

Deputatus Hiber- 

nie, 35 

Dominus de le Butler, . 17 



Thomas, 22 

Claudus, Deputatus Hi- 



bernie, 28, 29 

Theobaldus, 15, 16, 17 

Dominus de Carrig 



Rosscrea, 21 

Butlerii 19,22,35 

Byrnen, 38 

Byrnenses vel Birnenses, .... 43, 44 

Byrnensium Patria, 27 

Byrre, castrum de, 35 

Byssett, Hugo 20 

C. 

Cadelli Domus, 19 

Caddell, Willielmus, 17 

Cadogan ap Blethyn, 7 

Calf, Henricus, 17 

Calicia 30 

Callan, 19,26 

Calleston, 25 

Calphurnus 3 

Cambell, Johannes, 19 

Cambrensis (vide Giraldus) 3 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. 1 3. H 



Page. 

Cambria, 7 

Campion, 23, 40 

Canel, vel Kenell, Decanus, .... 39 

Cantown, David, 18 

Cantuarensis Archiep. Lanfranc, . . 7 
Capella, Richardus de, Justiciarius, . . 15 
Caracticus, Rex Britarmorum, ... 4 

Caradocus, 3, 4 

Cardanus, 38 

Carebria, 17 

Carolus, Arcbidux Austrie, Princeps 

Castelte, 33 

Imperator, 38 

Carew, Georgius, 45 

Mauritius, 17 

Peter's warres, 41 

Petrus, 24,40,41 

Petrus, Baro de Odrone, . . 39 

Sir Peter, 40, 42 

alias Grew, Thomas, . . . 24, 40 

Carlough vel Catherlough, 19, 24, 41, 42, 44 

Carmoon Montes, 7" 

Carnarvon, 8 

Carrickfergus, vel Carrekfergus, . 2, 19, 20 
Monasterium Fratrum Mi- 

norum 14 

Carrig Rosscrea, Dominus de, Theob. 

Butler 21 

Carrig in Carebria, 17 

Carrig Carughornan castrum, ... 1 1 

Carolus, Rex Francie, 29 

Cashell 12, 19 

Cassiliensis Archiepiscopus, .... 28 
. Richard O'Hi- 

den, 29 

Episcopus, 11 

Casteldermot, 26 

Castelle Rex, 33 

Castrum Knock, 19 

Catholicus, Archiep. Tuamensis, . . 11 



5° 



Page. 
Cavenagh, Carolus, 35 

Maurus, vel Mauritius, . . 34 

M' Gerald, Cahir, vocatus 

M'Nehenyne Crosty, 35 

Cavenaghs, Scept of, 28, 40 

Celestinus, Papa, 3 

Cestria, Constab. de, Johannes Lacy, . 13 

Comitatus, 14 

Cham 1 

Charles fyft, his style, 38 

Charleton, Johannes, Justic. Hib., . . 23 

Cherulsus, 8 

Chepsto, Dominus, Strangbo, ... 12 

Clanmelaghlen in Basca, 7 

Clanriccard Comes, Donatus OBryen, . 37 
Clare, Richardus, Justic. Hib. ... 19 

■ Thomas de, 16 

Clarence, Dux, Lionel, ... 25, 30, 31 

Justic. Hib. . . 24 

Clarevallensis, Bernardus, ..... 8 

Cleere Island, 44 

Cloaghruish, 34 

Clonagovna, 42 

Clonemoore 19 

Clonenagh, 23 

Clontarff, vel Cluntarf, 6, 36 

Coan Thymore, Portus de, .... 43 

Cogan, vel Coggan, 8, 1 1 

. Johannes de, 17 

. Miles, 10, 13, 15 

Cogie, Henricus, 21 

Comyn, Archiepiscopus, 17 

Dublin, Johan- 
nes, 13 

Comyn, Jordanus, 17 

Conan 6, 8 

Conacia, vel Conatia, 3, 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 23, 

33, 41, 42, 44 

Conacia Rex, 8, 12, 19 

Cothgurus O'Conchur, . . 16 



Page. 

Conaught, 41 

Conaughtinenses, 41 

Conchur, vel Concha, 3 

Roderic Monarcha, .... 9 

Congal Oge, Rex Lacie, 40 

Congellach Rex Hibernie, 5 

Cooper, 27 

Cork, 25, 30 

Rex, Dermitius 11 

Vice Comes, Henricus Davels, . 43 

Corkybeig, 42 

Cormachus, Monarcha Hibernie, et Episc, 5 

Cosby, Alexander, 42 

Franciscus, Capitaneus Laxie, . 43 

Courcey, vel Coursey, Johannes, ... 3 

Johannes, Comes Ultonie, . . 13 

Courcowley, Villa de, 18 

Courtney, Philippus, Justiciarius, . . 25 

Cowkaggrig de Omoardha, .... 7 

Cowlaugh, . • 22 

Crawley, Thomas, Archiep. Dublin, . 29 

Crostea in Francia, 23 

Cukeman, 5 

Cumnabally 32 

Curreyn vel Curren, David, . . . 31, 34 

Hugo, Archiep. Dublin, ... 40 

Cusak, Adam, 16 

Cynnus, Legista, 23 

D. 

Dacia, 4 

Dale, 1 

Daniel, Episcopus Leighlin, .... 41 

Danorum Rex, Frotheus, 7 

Dani, 5, 6, 7, 10 

Darcy, Johannes, Justic. Hib., . 21, 22, 23 

Thomas, . ■ 39 

Darensis Episcopus, Leurus, .... 39 

Dareys, 3 



5 1 



Page. 
Davels, Henricus, Vice Comes Cork, . 43 

David ap Owen, 12 

Dawn, Adam, 18 

Dee 4 

Deishy, 44 

-Delon, 16 

Den, Willielmus, 15 

Denmark, 6 

Deoran, Episcopus, 34 

Derlington, Johannes de, Archiep. Dub- 
lin, 16 

Dermitius, Rex Cork, 11 

vel Dermot, Rex Lagenie, 10, 11 

Desmohown, 42 

Desmond, 15 

Desmonie, vel Desmondie, Job., . . 43, 44 

Comes, .... 26, 34, 40, 44 

Geraldus, . . . 40, 44 

Mauritius Fitzgerald, 15 

Just. 

Hib., 23 

Pedigree, 30 



Devonshire, 39 

Devrox, Walterus, Comes Essex, . . 42 

Diana, his temple, 42 

Dogoit, Geraldus, 16 

Donatus, Episcopus Cashellensis, . . 11 

Dongsells, Willielmus, Justic. Hib., . 17 

Donaldus, Dominus Conatie, .... 3 

filius Dermitii, 11 

Rex Thomonie, 12 

Donmore, 33 

Donwaldus, vel Donvaldus, Princeps Os- 

sorie, 9 

Rex Lymricii, 11 

Dorpatrick, Johannes, 27 

Dowdall, Georgius, Prim. Armachan., 39 

Dowling, Thaddeus (vide Thaddeus), . 32 

Thady, 3 

Down, 13, \6 



H 



Page. 

Down Cathedralis 37 

Downbrittan, Leonax, Comes de, . . 38 

Downlowan, 18 

Downmoyre in Mounster, 43 

Drack, Johannes, Major Dublin, . . 25 

Drogheda, 30, 35 

Sancti Johannis Bapt. Prior, . 31 

Droymreagh castrum, 35 

Drury, Willielmus, Justic. Hibernie, . 43 

Dtynoyll, Jacobus na, 43 

Dublin, vel Eoblana, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 
17, 19,22, 25, 27,41,42,43 

Academia vel Universitas, . 20, 21 

Archiepiscopus, 32 

Alexander Big- 

nor, 20, 21 

— Adam Loftus, . 41 

Georg. Brown, 37, 

39 

Johannes Allen, 36 

Johannes Comen, 13 

Johannes Der- 
lington, 16 

Johannes deSanc- 

to Paulo, 23 

. Johannes Stam- 
ford. 16 

Fulco, ... 15 

Laurence, . . 11 

Laurence O'Toole, 9 

Leeckis, . 18, 22 

Richardus Flee- 

ringis vel Haveringis, .... 17, 18 

Richardus Nor- 

thalis, 25 

Richardus Tal- 
bot 29 

Robertus Wadby, 25 

. Thomas Craw- 
ley, 29 

2 



52 



Page. 
Dublin, Archiepiseopus, Thomas Minoth, 23 
Archidiaconus Richardus, 



Cives de, 

Major, Johannes Drack, 
Sharman, . . 



Beata; Maria? Abbas, . 
__ Monaster ium, 



, 21 

8,33 

25 

23 

5 

10 

25 

20 

23 

6 

6 

13 

41 

- Sancte Trinitatis Ecclesia, 13, 20, 28, 

30, 33, 39 

— Vice Comites, 38 



Marques Ricardus Vere, 
Metropolitanus, . . . 
Parliamentum, . . . 
Rex Abloicus, . . . 
Rex Alfredus, . . . 
Sancti Patricii Cathedralis, 
Ecclesia, 



Dublinenses, 11,36 

Dudley, Gilford, Dominus, 38 

Duke, Henricus, Miles, 44 

Dundalk, . 19,21 

Dunevols, 10 

Dunganon, Baro de, Matt. O'Neill, . . 37 

Dunnum, 3 

Dutby-Fhelly, 42 

Duysk, Abbas de, Carolus Cavenagh, . 33 • 
Dyrrhy, ■ . . 40 

E. 

Eblana, vel Eoblana {vide Dublin), . 8, 41 

Eboraci Comitatus, 25 

Doinus, 31 

Eboren. Dux, 29 

— — Plantagenet, .... 30 

■ Richardus, . . . . 31, 32 

Edwardus, Episcopus Midensis, ... 39 

Edwardus, Princeps, 14, 31 

Edwardus, Rex, 32 

■ I., 15, 16, 18 



Page. 

Edwardus, Rex II., 18, 22 

III.,. . . . 23,24,25 

IV., 30, 31 

V., 31 

VI., 27, 28 

Eliota, 1 

Elizabeth, filia Edwardi IV., . . .31,33 

filia Henrici VIII., ... 39 

Regina, 40 

England, 27 

King of, 20 

English Pale, 36 

Essex, Comes de, Robertus, Locum Te- 

nens Hib., 45 

Walterus Devrox, ... 42 

Ethelfredus, 5 

Eubanus Sanctus Lenie, 4 

Eugenius, Papa, 29 

Eustace Rowlandus, Deputatus Hib., . 30 

Eva, filia Strongbo, ....... 10 

Exceter, Richardus de, 17 

F. 

Fergutius, 2 

Femes, 8 

. castrum de 13, 22 

Fernensis Episcopus, Patricius Borrett, 28 

Filius, Conan Grifitz, 7 

Dermitii, H 

Galfridi de Geraldinis, Mauritius, 14 

Mauritii, Carolus Cavenagh, . . 35 

Risei, Grifitz 7 

Stephani, Richardus, alias Radul- 

phus, 13 

Finglas {tide Fynglassy), 37 

Fin M'Coyl, 7 

Fitz Adelm, Willielmus, 11 

Fitz Gerald, Jacobus, 34 

Johannes, Comes Kildarie, 20 



53 



Page. 
Fitz Gerald, Mauritius eel Mauricius, 9, 13, 

15 
, Justiciarius Hiber- 

nie, 14,23 

de Tyrconuell, . 14 

Thomas 36, 37 

Sericus, . . 35, 36 

Fitz James, Gerald, Comes Desmonie, . 44 
Fitz John, Johannes, 2, Comes Kild., . 21 

Thomas de Geraldinis, . . 30 

Fitz Morice, vel Fitz Moris, vel Fitz 

Maurice, Geraldus, 16 

Jacobus Geraldinus, . . 43 

Johannes, 17 

Mauritius, Justic. Hib., . 30 

Thomas de Geraldinis, . . 30 

Fitz Richard, Gilbertus, 8 

Richard, 8 

. Walterus, ..... 8 

Fitz Stephan, Ric. (alias Radulfus), . 13 

: Robertus, ... 9, 10, 11, 13 

Fitz Thomas, Johannes, 17 

de Geraldinis, . 15 

Mauritius, Comes Kildarie, 23 

Fitz Water, alias Radcliffe, Thomas, 

Deputatus, 34, 40 

Fitz William, Bernardus, 43 

Fitz Williams, Willielmus, Deputatus, 41, 44 

Flandria, 31 

Fleming, Stephanus, Archiep. Armach., 28 
Fleminge, Thomas, Episcopus Leighlen, 27 
Fleeringis, alias Havenngis, Richardus, 

Archiep. Dublin, 17 

Francia, . . . 6, 16, 23, 28, 29, 34, 39 

Francie, Rex, 31 

Forhirtha, Ynowland, 13 

Frotho, aliter Frotheus, Rex Danorum, 7 
Fulburnus, Episcop. Wateribrdie, Justi- 
ciarius Hiberuie, 16 

Fulco, Archiepiscopus Dublin, ... 15 



Page. 

Fylay, alias Fighill, Thomas, Episcopus 

Leighlen, 40 

Fynglassy, 44 

Fyv Mart Landes, 41 

G. 

Gailgaish, O'Bryens, 18, 29 

Galloway Bay, 44 

Gallia, 3, 4 

Galway, 33 

Garghill, 25 

Garrowcheiil (vide Gerrowcheyllj, . .41 
Garrovcheill, Oge Kavanagh de, . . . 43 

Garvey, Robertus, 43 

Gasconie, Princeps Edwardus, ... 14 
Gaiscoyn, Jenicho de Arthois, ... 25 

Gathelus, 2 

Gaveston, Petrus de IS 

Gawran, Comes, 33 

alias Balla- Gawran, ... 19 

Geest, Johannes, Episcopus Lisraore et 

Waterfordie, 29 

Geffrey, Johannes, Justic. Hib., ... 14 

Geishell, 17. 18 

Gelatus, alias Gelasius, Primas Arma- 

chan., '2 

Genandus, 1 

Genevile, Galfridus, . . • . 14, 16, 17 

Dominus Midie, . 18 

, Petrus, l y 

Walterus, Justic. Hib. . . 15 

Geraldinis, Galfridus de, 14 

Thomas Fitz John, ... 30 

Thomas Fitz Morice, . . 30 

Geraldini, '5 

Geraldus, Comes Kildarie i5 

Deputatus, 33, 34 

Cambrensis, 2, \'6 

Germanus Augarensis, 3 



54 



Page. 
Gerrowcheyll, Gerald M'Cahir (vide 

Garrovcheill) 38 

Gerrard, Willielraus, 43 

Gilbertus (Fitz) Richard, 8 

Gild or Guvld Hall, London, ... 38 

Gilford, Dudley, 38 

Gilleranoy, 4 

Glan Reynald, 34 

Glocestria, 31 

Glyn-burrie, 15 

Glyndelory, alias Glenmolowra, 18, 19, 42, 

43 

Glynfell 17 

Godrici castrura, 14 

Godthredus. Rex Man, 11 

Gormagheyn, tel O'Gormagheyn, . . 4 

Gormagston, 3 

Gormondus Foord (vide Gurmundus), . 4 

— Grove, 4 

Grace, Redmundus de la, 12 

Gray, Leonardus, Deputatus, . . 36, 37 

de Wilton, Arthurus, Deputatus, 43 

Greci, Gretia, 1,2 

Grewe, alias Carrew, Thomas, ... 24 
Griffith ab Conan, Princeps Northwal- 

lie, 8 

Rex, 6 

Grifitz, filius Risei, 7 

Grosse, Reymundus de la, 10 

Guer (Sharp), Maurus, Mauritius, . . 34 

Gurgodwyntius, 2 

Gurguntius, 2 

Gurmondcestria, 4 

Gurmundus, 3 

Burchardus, 4 

Capitaneus Norwegiorum, 4 

— Dux, 22 

Rex Hibernie, .... 4 

Gurmundi Grangia, 4 

Gutlandia, 4 



Page. 

Gwalterus, alias Waltergus, Episcopus 
Leighlen, 15 

H. 

Hacketston, 38 

Haldown Hill, 22 

Hamerton, 36 

Hanloynes, 15 

Hardity, Willielmus, 21 

Harpoll, Robertus, 42 

Harington, Henricus, 42 

Harvey, 13 

Hastulphus, 10 

Haveringis.Richardus.Archiep. Dublin, 17, 18 
Hawlassus, Monarcha Hibernie, ... 5 

Helias, 2 

Henricus Rex, 31 

1., 8 

II., 9,11 

III., 14, 15 

IV., 27 

V., 27, 29 

VI 29, 30 

VII., . . .29,31,32,33 

VIII., . . 29, 33, 34, 33 

Rex Hibernie. . . 37 

filius Henrici VII., Dux Ebo- 

racen, 33 

Herald, 6 

Herco Segatbus, 7 

Herfordiensis Episcopus Thomas, Justi- 

ciarius Hibernie, 23 

Hereford, 25 

Heremon et Hernion, 2 

Heywood, Johannis, 10 

Hiber, ... 2 

Hibernia, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 

14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, 

27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 

41, 42 



55 



Page. 
Hibernie Cancellarii, 38 

Cancell. Willielmus Gerrard, 43 

Cleri, 11 

Conquestus 4 

Deputati, viz. : 

Archiep. Walterus, 33 

Brereton, Williel- 
mus, 37 

Burgh, Thomas, . 44 

Butler, Edmundus, 41 

Butler, Petrus, . . 35 

. Butler, Thomas (clau- 

dus) 29 

. Cary, Georgius, . 45 

_ Eustace, Rowland, . 30 

Fitz Water, alias Rad- 

cliffe, Comes Sussex, 40 

Fitz William, Willi- 

elm us, 41, 44 

. — , Geraldus, Comes Kil- 

darie, 34 

Gray, Leonardus, 33, 37 

Gray, de Wilton, Ar- 

thurus, 43 

. Loftus, Adam, . . 45 

Mountjoy, Carolus, 45 

■ Perrot, Johannes, . 44 

Poynings, Edwardus, 31 

Russell, Willielmus, 44 

— — Sanctleger, Antonius, 37 

Sydney, vel Sidney, 

Henricus 24,40,41,43 

Tiptot, Johannes, 

Comes Worcester, 30 

Dux, Richardus Vere, ... 25 

Ecclesia, 12, 37 

Jocalia, 3 

Justiciarii, viz. : 

, Bremyngham, Johan- 
nes, 21 



Page. 
Hibernie Justiciarii : Butler, Edmundus, 10 

Butler, Jacobus, . 26 

Capella, Richardus, 15 

, Charleton, Johannes, 23 

Clare, Richardus de, 18 

Courtney, Philippus, 25 

. . Darcy, Johannes, 21, 22 

Den, Willielmus, . 15 

■ Dongsells, Williel- 
mus, 17 

_ — Drury, Willielmus, 43 

Fitz John, Johannes, 21 

Fitz Gerald, Mauri- 
tius 23 

Fitz Morice, Thomas, 30 

. Fitz Thomas, Mau- 
ritius, 23 

Fulburne, Episc. Wa- 

terfordie, 16 

Gardiner, Robertus, 45 

Geffrey, Johannes, 
■ Genevile, Hugo, 
. Herdfordiensis Ep., 
. Kilmaynan, Prior, 
. Lionel, DuxClarencie, 24 
. Loftus, Adam, . . 45 
. Long Espt-e, Stephen, 15 
. Mortimer.Rogerus, 20, 25 
. Noris, Thomas, . . 44 
. Owtlaw, Rogerus, . 
. Pellam, Willielmus, 

- Rocksey, Thomas, . 

- Stanley, Johannes, . 

- Verdon, Theobaldus, 

- Veschi, Willielmus, 

- Windesore, Williel- 



22 

r.i 
23 

27 
l!t 
16 



mus de, 24 

Wogan, Johannes, 17, 18 

. Zouch, de la, /Elia- 

nus, 14 



56 



Hibernie Locum Tenentes, viz. : 

. Butler, Jacobus le, 

. Henricus, Dux Ebor. 

Norfolchie, Dux, . 

. Talbot, Johannes de 



Page. 

. 2S 
33 
34 



Sheffield, 



-Thomas, Dominus Lan- 



castrie, 



27 

26 
6 
5 
7 

7 

Rex Abloickus 5 

Congellach, 5 

Cormachus, 7 

Melbricus, 7 



Monarcha, Brian Borowe, 

Hawlassus, . . 

Hugletus, . . . 

Tendionatus, . 



Hibernica Statuta, . . 40 

Lingua, 3,41 

Hiberniei, Rebelles, 18, 22, 23 

Seriptores, 3 

High Odrone, 43 

Hillard, Prebendarius de 32 

Hispania, 2 

Hispanie Princeps, Philippus 38 

Hispani, 43 

Hispaniorum classis, 44 

Hogges Green, Dublin 22 

Holburne, London, 38 

Holyhead, Villa de, 5 

Hooker, Rogerus, Decanus Leighlen, . 43 

Hospitalierii Sancti Joharmis Jerusalemi, 1 9 

Howard, Thomas, Comes de Surry, . 34 

Hugletus, Monarcha Hibernie, ... 7 

Humecius, 2 

Hussey, Johannes, Baro de Galtrim, . 24 



I. 

Idouagh 38 

Idrona, Baronia de, 24 



Page. 

Ilees, ^ . . 3 

Inisdiog, Prior de 37 

Ireland 9,27 

Irish, 9 

lrrish, 44 

Isabella, filia Strangbo, 13 

Iveary, fons de, 13 

J. 

Jaeckis, Mauritius, 21 

Jacobus Apostolus, 3 

Nigrus (Duff), le Butler, . . 33 

Rex Scotie . . 32 

Jago, Rex Northwallie, 6 

Jana, filia Ducis Suffolcie 38, 39 

Japhetus 1 

Jeripoint Abbatia, 13 

Johannes, Comes Kildarie, .... 16 

Episcopus Kildar., .... 21 

Episcopus Leighlen, cognomine 

Mulgan, 22 

Episcopus Midensis, . . '. 32 

Johannes XXII. Papa, 21 

Joice, Rowlandus, Primas Armachanus, 18 

Jubal, 2 

K. 

Kadwalader ap Griffith ap Conan, . . 8 

Katerina, filia Ferdinandi, Regis Hisp., 32 

Kavanagh, vel Cavenagh, Arthur, . . 44 

— Carolus, 33 

Donaldus, Fuscus, . . . . 31 

Geraldus, 34 

M Mochardus, 34 

Morice Oge, 40 

Oge de Garrovcheill, ... 43 

Keadau, Rough 41 

Kelly, Thomas 44 

Kenlis 28 

Kennun, castrum de, 18 



57 



Page. 

Kenvrik, Britanus, 23 

Kerna, Johannes, 41 

Kery, 30 

Keting, Petrus, 41 

Ketingi, 43 

Kilbrid, 42 

Kilcaa 26, 27 

Kilcullen, 21 

Kildarie 13, 14, 25 

Comes, 35 

Geraldus, ... 34, 35 

Fitz John, Johannes, 

Just. Hib., 21 

Johannes, ... 16 

Thomas, 17 

Comitatus, 42 

Episcopus Johannes, . . .21 

Parlamentum 18 

Kilkennia, 14,21,28,33 

Collegium de la Comuni aula, 16 

Comitatus, 36 

Parlamentum, ... 18, 24, 32 

Sancti Kenitii Ecclesia, . . 30 

Statuta, 26 

Kilkenie Town, 21 

Killanna, 35 

Killeshin, 8 

Killy 42 

Killuskin, 8 

Kilmaynam 6, 36 

Prior, Just. Hib., . 22, 26, 27 

Kilneyn, 34 

Kinsellay, 22 

Kirvaltus, 5 

Knockbrannan, 32 

Knockcownla, 42 

Knocto, Knocktoa, 33 

Knock (Carrig), Fergus, . . 20, 26, 40 

Kyburne, villa de, 3 

Kylgaren, castrum de, 7 

IRISH ARCH. SOC. 13. 



Page. 
Kylneyn, 37 

Kymbriches (Kenvrick Britanus), . . 23 

Kynealiaagh, .' . . . 24 

Kynsely, 11 



Lacia, vocata Queene's Countie, . . 13, 40 

Lacy, Comes Ultonie, 15 

Gualterus, Dominus Midie, . . 14 

Hugo, 11, 12, 14 

Comes Ultonie, .... 14 

Johannes, Constab. Cestriae, . . 13 

Walterus de, 17 

Lagenia, . . 3, 4, 7, 17, 18, 19, 22, 38, 42 
Lagenie Dux, 4, 34 

Principes, 8, 18 

Rex, 3, 5, 7, 31, 33 

Dermot, 9, 10 

Loganus, 3 

Donatus More Cavenagh 

M'Murchardus, 28 

Godericus, 7 

Movlmordha, 6 



Seneschallus, Freigney Patritius, 24 

Lagenienses, 17,41 

Laigerius, 3 

Lambertus, Peter, Perchia de Warwick, 30 

Lancastria 25 

Lancastrie, Dominus Thomas, Loc. Ten. 

Hib., 26 

Domus, 31 

Dux, 29 

Lanfrancus, Cantuariensis Archiep., . 7 

Lang, Thomas, 32 

Languinus, 1 

Lanquet, 2, 4, 27, 30, 31 

Laurentius, 31 

(OToole), Archiep. Dublin, 1 1 

Laxie, Queene's Countie, 34 

Capitaneus de Francis Cosby, . 43 



5» 



Page. 

Lazerianus, 4 

Leafrici, Algerus, 6 

Lease, . . ' 44 

Lease Carraghain 7 

Leay, villa de, 18 

Leech, alias Aleecke, Johannes, Arch. 

Dublin, 20 

Lege Dei, Monasterium de, . . . . 7 
Leighlen, vel Lenia, . . . . 4, 21, 34, 43 

Bishop of, 32 

Capitulum de, 31 

Decanus, Rogerus Hooker, . 43 

Dux, 4 

Ecclesia, 33, 37, 38 

Episcopatus, 23 

Episcopus Daniel, .... 41 

Johannes, ... 22 

Matheus Saun- 
ders 35, 37 

s Mauritius, ... 34 

Milerus, . . 20, 22 

Milo Roch, . . 30 

Nicolaus, .14,31,33 

Magwyr, 32 

RichardusBookum, 24 

Mere- 
dith, 44 

Robertus Travers, 

38, 39 

Thomas, ... 15 

Fleminge, 

27,28 

— — — — Fylay, alias 

Fighill 40 

Halsar, . 33 

— Walterus, ... 15 

Old, 25 

Pons, .... 38, 40, 41, 42 

Record, 4 

Veteris 4, 25 



Page. 

Leinster, eel Lenister, 32, 34 

Leonax, Comes de Downbrittan, ... 38 
Leonellus, Dux de Clarence, .... 24 
Leothegarius, Galfridus, Episc. Ossor., 16 
Leurus, vel Lewrous, Episc. Darensis, . 39 

Limfaunt, Walterus, 17 

Limricia (vide Lymricia), 30 

Lincolnie, Comes, . ....... 30 

Lismore, 13 

Lismorensis, Episcopus Johan. Geest., . 29 

Legatus, ... 11 

Llecryd in Wallia 7 

Llewelyn, Princeps Wallie, .... 8 

Lloegria, 4 

Llynn, Comitatus, 5 

Lockwood, Thomas, Decanus Sancte 

Trinitatis, Dublin 39 

Locum tenentes. Vide Hibernie. 

Loftus, Adam, Archiepisc. Dublin, . 41,45 

Loggan, Johannes, 20 

Loganus, Rex Lagenie, 3 

London, 21,30, 31,38 

Sancti Pauli Ecclesia, ... 6 

Turris, 35, 44 

Long Espee, Stephanus, Just. Hib., . . 15 
Lough Foyl, vel Laughfoil. . . . 40, 44 
Louth, Comes, Bermingham, Johannes, 

Justiciarius Hibernie, . . . . 21, 22 

Earl of, Bremingham, .... 20 

Ludovicus XII., Rex Francorum, . . 33 
Lucius, General of the Roman army, . 4 

Lymric, vel Limeric, 12, 19 

Lymricii, Rex Donvaldus, 11 

M. 

M c Arte, Cahir, de Polmevaty, ... 35 

M r Arte, Cahir Cavenagh de Polmonty, 37 

M'Balthar, Willielmus, 18 

M c Bannani, 29 

M c Brian, Murchardus, 6 



59 



Page. 

M'Bway, 3 

M c Cahill, Donaldus 37 

M c Carty, 17 

M c Cony 11, Dominus de Merggi, ... 42 

M c Coughlan 16 

M-David More, 25 

M c Geoghan, 22 

M c Geoghegan, 30 

Johannes, ..... 19 



M c Gillamor, Adam, 22 

M c Adam, Hugo, ... 26 

M c Gilpatrick, Bernardus, Dominus Up. 

Ossorie, 42 

Donagh, 4 

M c Gwyllyn, 37 

RFHolmoc, Gile, . 11 

Machthyrus, 13 

M'Hugh, Feagh, 43 

Mackworth, Capitaneus, 44 

M' James, Petrus Butler, 33 

Maelgunus, 12 

M c Loughlen, Mortagh, 25 

M Mahown, 44 

M c Mealaghlen, M c Congall, Rex Laxie, . 37 

M c Mochardus, Kevanagh 34 

M'Morogh, 33 

M c Morogho M c Murchardi, Dermot, . 8, 9 

M c Morrgh, House of, 28 

M' Murchardus, .... 24, 25, 26, 34 

Arthurus, . . .16, 22,28 

Dermitius, 9 

Donatus, . . . . 24, 28 

Murtagh, 16 

M c Mynard, Dermitius, 15 

M c Nehenyne, Crostey, 35 

M c Neill y Moardha Lysac, 42 

M c Rory, M' Dermot Cormaco, . . 14, 15 

, Wony, 44 

M L Tyrrell, Calvaticus 43 

Magwir, 37 



Page 

Magwyr, Nicholaus 8 

Magwyr, Nicholaus, Episcopus Leighlen, 32 

Malachi Armachan, 8 

Man (vide Mona), 11 

Manapia, alias Waterford, 42 

Manny, . 19 

Mapilton, Hugo, Episcopus Ossorie, . 14 

Mappas, 19 

Marchiarum, Comes Edwardus, ... 30 
Edmundus Morti- 
mer, 25 

Strongbow, . . 12 

Margareta, alias Matilda, Cometissa 

Norfolcie, 24 

Filia Gualteri Lacey, . . 14 

Henrici VII., ... 32 

Regis Sicilie, ... 29 

Regina, 30 

Margee, le, 4 

Margeus, Mons, ib. 

Marie Beate, Abbatia, 5 

Monasterium, Dublin, . . 10 

Maria, Filia Henrici VII 33 

, VIII., .... 38 

Regina, 33, 40 

Soror Regis Anglie 33 

Mariscallus, Ancelmus, 14 

Gilbertus ib. 

Richardus, ib. 

Walterus, ib. 

Willielmus, ib. 

Mariscalli, Filia 14 

Marshall, Comes in Hibernia, Walterus 

Devereux, Comes Essex, .... 42 

Matheus (O'Neill), Baro de Dungannon, 37 

Episcopus Leighlin, cognomine 

Saunders, 35 

de Westminter, 5 

Mathusala * 1 

Matilda, Filia Gualteri Lacy, .... 14 

2 



6o 



Page. 

Maurus, Mauritius, 6 

Mean, vel Mevina, mater Carolus Cava- 

nagh 35 

Melbrichus, Rex Hibernie, .... 7 

Mellefont, Abbatia de 10 

Meluntius, vel Muluntius, 8 

Menthothe, Comes 19 

Meredith, Ric, Episcopus Leighlen, . . 44 

Merggi, Dominus de, 42 

Mevina, Hibernice Mean, 35 

Midia, vel Media, 2, 4, 10, 11, 14, 19, 27, 29, 

30,36 

Castrum, 17 

Dominus de Genevele Galfridus, 18 

Gualterus Lacy, . . 14 

Mortimer Rogerus, . 20 

King of, . . 8 

Marchis, 35 

Rex O'Melaghlin, 5 

O'Mulseaghlin 16 

Murdhich, alias Morice, . . 8 

Oraricus, 11 

Midensis, Episcopus Edwardus, . . 32, 39 
Thomas Leothera- 

gius, 23 

Rex, 12 

Milerus, Episcopus Leighlen, . . . 20, 22 

Milford, 9, 10 

Milo, Bishop of Leighlen, 32 

Minoth, Archiepiscopus Dublin, ... 23 

Misheill, 25 

Moardhas, 17, 19, 29 

M c NeilI, 42 

Mochonus court, Dominus de Petrus 

Carew, alias Mohounstreet, ... 39 
Mohown, sottrie in Anglia, .... 42 

Moilglas, 32 

Molagh Mastyn 42 

Molingar 22 

Momonia, . . 3, 19, 44 



Page. 

Momonie, Comes Thomas, 28 

Mona, Insula, aliter Man, 5 

Monelly, 44 

Monmouth, 14 

Monte Marisco, Harveius de, . . . . 9 

Moor, Magister, 43 

Morice, alias Murdhich, King of Midia, 8 

Moricius, alias Murdhicius, Rex Midie, 9 

Moris M c Syr, 32 

Mortimer, Edmundus, 25 

Roger, 18, 20, 25 

Mortimer's cross in Wallia 29 

Moscraw, Nicolaus, 36 

Moses, 2 

Mounster, 43, 44 

Mountjoy, Carolus, Deputatus, ... 45 

Moye, Thomas, 32 

Moy largo, Mac Dermot de, .... 16 

Moylmordha, Rex Lagenie, .... 6 

Mulgan, Johannes, Episcopus Leighlen, 22 

Murchardus, Princeps Lagenie, ... 8 
Murdhicius, alias Muricius, Rex Midie, 8, 9 

Muriganus, Rex Lagenie 5 

Murrey, Comes, 19 

Muridus, 2 

Mylles, Robertus, 41 

N. 

Naas ' 19, 28, 41, 42 

Navan, 37 

Nemorosus Maurus, 33 

Nemrod, I, 2 

Nevell, Dominus, 32 

Newgat 36 

Newry, 44 

Nicolaus, 33 

Episcopus Leighlen, . 14, 31, 32 

Prebendarius de Hillard, . . 32 

Nielanus, 2, 3 



6i 



Page. 

Niger, Adam (OToole\ 22 

Ninus, 1 

Norfolchie, Dux 34, 36 

Noris, Johannes, Miles, 44 

Thomas, Justiciarius Hibernie, . 44 

Normanni, 6 

Normania, 10, 29 

Northalis, Richardus, Archiepiscopus 

Dublin, 25 

Northon, Johannes, 18 

Northumbrie, Dux, 38 

Northwallia, 6, 7 

Princeps de, 8 

Rex, o . . 12 

Jago Griffith, ... 6 

Norwegia, 4, 6 

Norwegiani, 3, 4, 10 

O. 

O'Brien vel O'Bryen, .... 19, 33, 37 

O'Brien, Conchur, 15 

Dominus Ossorie, .... 1J 

Donatus, Comes Clanricard, 37 

Roo, Regulus Tholercmundi, 16 

O'Brienses de Gailga.sh, 18 

O'Bryens de Gailgash, 29 

O' Byrne, 25 

O' Byrnes, alias Branenses, .... 19 
O'Carvel, vel O'Carvell, . . 8, 26, 33, 35 

Capitaneus Hibernicorum, . 7 

O'Carvell de Uriell, 11 

O'Carvelli, Dominum, 42 

O'Conchur, 25 

Calouyh, 17 

Calvaticus, 17 

Cothgurus, Rex Conatie, . 16 

familia, . 17 

Fedelmicus, Rex Conatie, . 19 

Mortaghus, Rex Ophaley, . 17 



Page. 

O'Conchur, Phelinus, 14, 15 

O'Conors, de Ophaly, 44 

O'Cathdhessy, 11 

O'Dempsy, vel O'Dempsie, .... 17 

Eugenius M 1 Hugh, ... 42 

O'Dempsies, 18 

O'Desmond, Johannes, Miles, . ■ . . 43 

O'Donachu, Donatus, 13 

O'Donull, vel O'Donel, 15,37 

O'Geoghegan, 29 

O'Gormagheyn, vel Burchardus, Gur- 

mundi, 4 

O'Hanlan, 37 

O'Hiden, Richardus, Archiepis. Cassel- 

iensis, 29 

O'Kahan, 37 

O'Kelly, 19 

O'Mac Chalewy, 11 

O'Melaghlyn 11 

Rex Medensis, .... 5 

O'Merggi, Baro, 42 

O'Molmoy, 19 

O'Moardha, 7, 13 

Lysac, M< Neill y, ... 41 

O'Moore, 41 

Rory 42 

O'Morochow, 2U 

O'Mulscaghlen, Rex Midie 16 

O'Neill, vel O'Neill, vel O'Nel, . 15, 36, 37 

Hugo, 28 

(Con.) Comes de Tyron, 37 

Dominus Ultonie, . 37 

Shane, 40 

Ultoniorum Capitaneus, ... 35 

O'Nowlan, • . . 25, 26 

O'Phelan, Machelanus, 11 

O'Shiell 18 

OThoiles, 19 

O'Toole, Laurentius, Archiep. Dublin, 9, 11 
familia de, ...... 22 



62 



Page. 

OTuelihelly 11 

Odrona Lagenie, 32, 42 

Odrone, Baro de, 43 

Petrus Carew, .... 39 

Baron of, Thomas Carew, . . 40 

CEthiopiani, 2 

Ogney Dominus, Strangbo, .... 12 

Old Abbey, 35 

Oldratus Legista, 23 

Onergi Montis Dux 4 

Ophaley 16, 17, IS 

. Baro de, Thomas Fitz Gerald, 35 

O'Conors de, 44 

Ophlagarty's country, 44 

Orarieus vel Ororicus, Rex Midie, . 11, 12 

Orchadum Insule, 4 

Orkney Insula, 1.3 

Ormond, 40 

Comes de, Thomas, . 43, 44, 45 

Cometissa, 43 

Ormonie Comes, Deputatus 29 

Jacobus Butler, 26, 28, 33 

Thomas Butler, . 40, 41 

et Ossorie, Comes Jacobus 

Butler, 38 

Orwairk, 44 

de Midia, 1 1 

Ossorie Comes, Jacobus Butler, ... 38 

Petrus 34, 35 

Ossorie Dominus, 11 

— Richardus Mariscall, . 14 

Ossoriensis Episcopus, ...... 28 

Galfridus de S to 

Leothegario, 14, 16 

Trewell, 14 

Hugo, .... 15 

Mapilton, . 14 

Johannes Bale, 38, 39 

Othow- 

nerv 40 



Page. 

Ossoriensis Episcopus, Milo Baron, . . 37 

Nicholaus Welsh, 41 

Rogerus, ... 15 

Willielmus, . . 28 

Princeps Donwaldus, . . 9 

Ossorienses, 1 1 

Othownery, Johannes, Episcopus Osso- 
riensis, 40 

Owtlaw, Rogerus, Prior Kilmaynam, . 22 

Oxford, 32 

Comes, 30 

Oxonie Gualterus, 4 

P. 

Patricius, vel Patritius, 3 

Episcopus Dublin, .... 6 

Sanctus, 1,3 

Paulus II., Papa 30 

Peach, Richardus de,Gubernator Hibernie, 13 
Pellam, Willielmus, Justic. Hibernie, . 43 
Pembrochie, vel Per.brochie, Comes, 6, 30 

Comes Mariscall, Richardus, 14 

Strangbo, Richardus, 12 

Perchia, Peter de Warwik, Lambertus, 30 

Petit, Radulphus 16 

Petronilla, 21 

Petri Denarii, 13, 24 

Pharaon, 2 

Philippa, filia Leonelli Ducis Clarencie, 25 
Philippus, Princeps Hispanie, . . 38, 40 

et Maria, 39 

Picti, 3 

Pincerna Comes, Edmundus Butler, . 21 

Pipard, Johannes, 17 

Poer (vide Power), 37 

Eustacius le, 15 

Pollygard, Robertus Talbot de, . . . 34 

I Polmevaty Cahir, M'Arte de, . . . . 35 
I Polmonte, alias Poolmahown, .... 37 



Page. 

Polmonte, Passus de, 11 

Polus CarJinalis, 39 

Powell, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 14 

Power, Arnoldus, 18 

Eustace de, 17 

Powis, 7 

Poynyngis, Edwardus, Deputatus, . . 31 

Prechell, Hugo de, 17 

Prindergast, Mauritius, 9 

Pynquietus, 16 

Q. 

Queen's County, 13, 34, 40 

R. 

Radcliffe (Thomas Fitz Walter), Comes 

Sussex, 34 

Radulphus, Prior Domus Hospit Drogh., 31 

alias Richardus, filius Ste- 

phani, 13 

Randolf, Edwardus, 40 

Randulph, Thomas, 19 

Raphuell, 16 

Rathcoyl, 42 

Rathdown, 17 

Rathmore, 30 

in Lagenia, 42 

Rathod, 16 

Rathpipherd, 15 

Rathurgus, 1 

Ratoth, 16 

Reygnyrus, filius Sydwardi, .... 7 

Rhodes Prior de, 43 

Richardus II., 25 

HI., .31 

Archidiaconus Dublin, . . 21 

Marshall de Hibernie, ... 8 

Richmond Comes, Henricus, .... 31 

Riseus ap Griffin, Princeps Wallie, . . 9 



Page. 

Riseus, alitor Rees, filius Theodori Bri- 

tanni, ~ 

Rightgenald Turris, 11 

Roch, Georgius de la, 17 

Milo, Episcopus Leighlin, ... 30 

Roderik, 9 

Roderick, Rex Conatie, II 

Rodericus, 5 

Magnus, . . .... 6 

Monarcha, 11 

Rogerus, Episcopus Ossoriensis, ... 15 

Romana Ecclesia 24, 25 

Romanus Pontifex, . . 18, 20, 23, 26, 33 

Roma Urbs, 33 

Rome, Bishop of, 32 

Roone, in Francia, 28, 29 

Roscomon Castrum, 15 

Rossa Pons, 42 

Rosse, Parlamentum apud 26 

Rothmagensis civitas, 28 

Rowac, Karolus, alias Makeyigan, . . 4 

Rutheranus, 1* 

Rutland, Comes, 30 

Russe, Downaldus, Rex Desmondie, . 17 

Russell, Willielmus, Deputatus Hibernie, 44 

S. 

Sagelome, 29 

Salamius, 1 

Salanga Mons, 1 

Salanus 2 

Salisburiensis Ecclesia, 12 

Salop Comes, Talbot, 36 

Salvius, 1 

Sanctus Columba, 3 

Sancti Dominici (Collis), 1 

Fyntani Abbatis, Translatio, . 23 

Sanctus Hawlerus, Theologus, ... 23 

Sancto Howgelyn, Johannes de, . . . 18 



64 



Page. 
Sancti Kenitii Ecclesia in Kilkennia, 14, 15, 

16, 30, 38 

Laurentii Ecclesia, .... 32 

Lazeriani Ecclesia, .... 22 

St. Leger, Antonius de, Deputatus, . . 37 
Sancto Leothegario, Thomas de, Epis- 

copus Midensis, 23 

Martinus, 3 

Sanctus Patricius, 1 

Sancti Patricii Cathedralis, Dublin, . . 13 

Ecclesia Dublin, . . 41, 43 

Sanctuarium, .... 33 

Pauli Ecclesia, London, ... 6 

Sancto Paulo, Johannes de, Arch. Dub- 
lin, 23 

Sanctus Rochus, vel Rochius, Theolo- 

gus, 23 

Sanct Sepulchres, manerium, .... 33 
Sancte Thomi, vicus de, ..... 36 
Sancti Thome de Acres, Ecclesia, . . 38 
Sancte Trinitatis Ecclesia Dublin, . 28, 30 
Sarum, Comes de, Plantagenet, ... 30 
Saunders, Matheus, Episcop. Leighlen, 35 

Savadg, Patricius 26 

Saxones, 4 

Scandinavia, 6 

Schithiani, vel Scythar, 2 

Shordich 31 

Scotia, 3, 4, 6, 15, 20, 22, 32, 33, 34, 38, 

40,44 

Scotie Rex, 5 

Edwardus Balliol, ... 16 

Robertus Bruce, . . . 19, 20 

Scotici Scriptores 3 

1 Cronica, 2 

Scoti, 2, 21 

vocati Red Shankes, 22 

Scotland, 20 

Scrope, Stephanos, 26 

Segathus 7 



Page. 

Severne, 4 

Shenan, vel Shynion, Rivulus de, . . 11 

Sherman, Major de Dublin, .... 23 

Siciliee Rex 29 

Sidney, Henricus, Deputatus, 24, 40, 41, 43 
Skeffington, vel Skevington, William, 35, 36 

Skyrres, 38 

Slayne, 22 

Sliggagh in Conatia, 14 

Sligo, . . • 44 

Castrum, 15 

Slowbanny :..... 16 

Smith, Capitaneus, ....... 43 

Southampton, 38 

Srughill, 41 

Spaniardis, . . ". 43 

Stanihurst, 23 

Stanley, Johannes, Justiciarius Hibernie, 27 

Storke, bellum de 30 

Stowe, . 36 

Stracartherus (Fin M'Coyl), .... 7 

Stradbally, 43 

Strangbo, Gilbertus, Com. Strugulensis, 7 
Richardus, 10 

Comes Penbro- 

chie 12 

Constabularius An- 

glie, 10 

Strangulensis, Comes de, Strangbo, . . 12 

Sty ward, Johannes 19 

Sueviani, 6 

Suffolchie, Comes, 29 

Dux, 33 

Henricus, . . . . 38, 39 

Sure, Rivulus de, 11 

Surrey, Comes, Thomas Howard, . 32, 34 

Sutaricus, alias Sutrik, 6 

Swanige, Johannes, Primas Armachano, 29 

Swarthsfield, Martin, ....... 30 

Sydwardus, 7 



«5 



Page. 



Talbot, Comes Waterfordie et Salopie, 

de Malaghide, 

Robertus de Pollygard, . . . 

Richardus, Arch. Dublin, . . 

Johannes, de Sheffield, . . • 

Tamesay, Flumen, ........ 

Tartayn, 

Tassagard, 

Tawlaught, 

Templariorum Possessiones, ... 18, 

Terra Sancta, 

Teudionatus, 

Thaddeus, vel Thady (Do wling), 2, 4, 3 1 , 33, 

Theodorus Britannus, 

Tholeremundum, 

Thomas, Comes Kildarie, 

Ormondie, . . . 43, 

— Surrey, 

Episcopus Leighlen, . . . 



Thomond, 

Thomonie, Rex Donaldus, 

Thryme, 

Tipperarie, vel Typper, Comitatus, . 18, 
Tiptot, Johannes, Comes Worcestrie, 

Dep. Hib 

Tibern. Vide Tyburn. 

Toamond, 

Tourehill (London), 

Trahaerne ap Caradoc, 

Henricus, 

Trally, 43, 

Travers, Johannes, 

Robertus, Episcopus Leighlen, 

Trayly, Monasterium de, 

Tredaff, 

Trewell, Galfridus, Episcopus Ossoriensis, 
Tristeldennot, vel Trysteldermot, 13, 15, 

20, 
IRISH ARCH. SOC. 1 3. 



36 
22 
34 
29 
27 
34 
36 
42 
13 
19 
15 

7 
,34 

7 
16 
17 
44 
32 
15 
19 
12 
17 
40 

30 

22 
36 
7 
22 
44 
38 
38 
15 
30 
14 
19, 
27 



Page. 
Trinitatis Ecclesia, Dublin, . . . 13, 20 

Waterfordie, . . . 42 

Tuamens. Rex, O' Bryan, 17 

Tuanensis (ArchiepiscopusJ, Catholicus, 11 

Tulmogiman, 32 

Turgesius, 3, 5 

Turlagh Leoge, 44 

Turonensis, Episcopus Martinus, . . 3 

Tyburn, 36, 44 

Tynterne Abbatia, 8 

Tyreconill 44 

Tyreowley, 44 

Tyron Comes, O'Neill (Con) 37 

Hugo, 44 

Tyrrell de Castro Knock, 19 

U. 

Ulster, 20 

Ultonia, .... 2, 3, 15, 19, 37, 40, 44 
Ultonie, Comes 17 

Edmundus Mortimer, 25 

Hugo Lacy, .... 14 

Johannes Courcey, . 13 

Lionel Dux Clarencie, 24 

. Richardus de Burgo, 15, 17 

Walterus de Burgo, . 14 

Burk, ... 15 

Upper Ossorie 42 

Urghlen Rector de, David Curren, . . 34 
Uriel, vel Uriell, 13, 35 

O'Carvell, 11 

Uter Pendragon, 4 

V. 

Verdon, Johannes, 15 

Richardus, 15 

Theobaldus, Justic. Hib., . . 19 

Thomas, 14, 17 



K 



66 



Page. 

Vere, Richardus, Marques Dublinie, . 25 

Veschi, Dominus, Deputatus Hibernie, 16 

Vesta, filia Risei, 9 

Vivianus, Cardinalis, 13 

Voel, Edwallus, Rex Britannie, ... 5 

W. 

Wadby (Weekeford), Robertus, Archie- 

piscopus Dublin, 25 

Wakefield, vel Wakinfield, .... 29, 30 

Wale, Galfridus le, 24 

Johannes de, 17 

Wallia, 6, 7, 8, 12, 15, 29 

Wallie Princeps, 9 

Llewelyn, 8 

Rex, Blethyn Convyn, ... 7 

Waltergus, alias Gwalterus, Episc. 

Leighlen, 15 

Walterus, Archiepiscopus Dublin, Just. 

Hib., 33 

War beck, Perkin 32 

Warwick, Comes, 30 

Waterfield, 35 

Waterfordia, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 16, 25, 30, 43 

■ Ecclesia Trinitatis, ... 42 

Welsh, Nicholaus, Episcopus Ossor., . 41 

Westmeath, 19 



Page. 
Wexfordia, reHVeixfordia, 9, 10, 11,22, 24,41 

Wickloo, 19 

Willielmus de Braubant, 7 

— Comes de Pembrochie, . . 14 

Episcopus Cassiliens, . . 28 

Ossoriensis, ib. 

Prior Sancti Johannis Bap- 

tiste, Drogheda, 31 

Rufus, 7 

Wilton, Arthurus Gray de, Dep. Hib., 43 

Windesor, Willielmus, Justiciarius Hib., 24 

Withwalovn, 17 

Wogan, Johannes, Justiciarius Hibernie, 17,18 

Wood, Johannes, 19 

Magister, 43 

Woodkerne, Mauritius, 33 

Woodstock, 39 

Y. 

Ybuyg, 40 

Ymoardha, 28 

Ynowland, 13 

Yoghell, vel Yoghill, 14, 20 

Z. 

Zouch, ^Elianus de la, Justiciarius Hi- 
bernie, 14 



FINIS. 



IRISH 
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



At a General Meeting of the Irish Archaeological Society, held 
in the Board Room of the Royal Irish Academy, on Thursday, the 
21st day of December, 1848, 

The Most Noble the Marquis of Kildare in the Chair, 

The Secretary read the following Report : 

" The Council, in congratulating the Society on the arrival of its eighth Anni- 
versary, have but little to record of the events of the past year. 

" Owing to the large number of Members who are in arrear of their sub- 
scriptions, the Council have been compelled to continue the economical 
arrangements announced in the last Report ; and they are happy to be able to 
say, that they have succeeded in reducing the expenditure of the Society to 
the limits of its income. 

" Since the last Annual Meeting, the following new Members have been 
elected : 



The Most Rev. Dr. Slattery, R. C. 

Archbishop of Cashel. 
The Earl of Arundel and Surrey. 
The Right Rev. Dr. M'Gettigan, R. C. 

Bishop of Raphoe. 
The Hon. and Very Rev. the Dean of 

St. Patrick's. 
Captain Broughton, R. E. 



Edward Hailstone, Esq. 
Charles Kean, Esq. 
Robert Mac Adam, Esq. 
John O'Connell, Esq., M. P. 
Maurice O'Connell, Esq., M. P. 
James Power, Esq., D. L. 
John Wallace, Esq. 
James James, Esq. 

" The Library of the Royal College of St. Patrick's, Maynooth, has also, 
during the past year, subscribed for the Publications of the Society. 

a "We 



We have lost by death, since the last Meeting, the following Members: 



The Most Rev. William Howley, D. D., 
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The Right Rev. Richard Mant, D. D., 
Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, 
and Dromore. 

The Earl of Carlisle. 



The Earl of Powis. 

The Right Rev. Samuel Kyle, D. D., 
Lord Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross. 
Mrs. Margaret Jones. 
George Matthews, Esq. 



"The Council have also exercised the powers intrusted to them by the 
seventh Fundamental Law of the Society, as amended at the last Annual Meet- 
ing, and have struck offyour books the Names of several Members, who, after due 
notice, have not paid their subscriptions; some others also, on being applied to 
for their subscriptions, have voluntarily resigned. There are, therefore, now on 
the books of the Society only 389 Members. But of these it is hoped there 
are now very few who are not really interested in the objects of the Society, 
and determined to give it their zealous support. 

" The funds of the Society being so small, the Council are compelled to 
restrict their Publications, during the present year, to the volume of Latin 
Annalists of Ireland, which has already been announced. 

" It will be ready for delivery to the Members very shortly, the printing 
being now very far advanced. It contains the Annals of John Clyn of Kil- 
kenny, with an Appendix containing the Annals of Ross ; and also the Annals 
attributed to Thady Dowling, Chancellor of Leighlin. They are edited by the 
Very Rev. Richard Butler, Dean of Clonmacnois, who has prefixed to each of 
the two parts into which the volume is divided, a Preface, which will be read 
with interest by every student of Irish history. 

" The Council have made arrangements for proceeding with Cormac's Glos- 
sary, some sheets of which are already printed, and, if no further difficulty occurs, 
they hope to be able to give it to all members of the Society who are subscri- 
bers for the year 1849. 

" With respect to future publications, the Council have only to repeat what 
was said in their last Report ; they have in their hands the materials for a very 
curious volume of the Society's Miscellany ; they have also ready for publica- 
tion the Macarice Excidium, by Colonel Charles O'Kelly, with a translation and 
Preface, by Denis Henry Kelly, Esq., and Mr. O'Callaghan's valuable notes. 

"A 



"A curious MS., illustrative of the same period, and giving an account of the 
civil war under James II. in Ireland, has also been placed in their hands bvthe 
Very Rev. Dr.Vignoles, Dean of St. Canice's, Kilkenny. This MS. is an auto- 
graph autobiography by Mons. Dumont, who accompanied King William III. 
into Ireland, and fought against King James at the battle of the Boyne. By 
uniting this account with the Macarice Excidium, two original narratives of the 
same events, by eye-witnesses engaged on opposite sides, and holding military 
command under their respective leaders, will be preserved to our literature. It 
is very much to be hoped that the funds of the Society will at no distant 
period admit of their being published. 

"Another very interesting MS. has also been selected for future publication. 
It is a narrative entitled Cojao ^a'oeal le ^allaio, or Tlie Wars of the Denies and 
Irish, a tract which has been quoted frequently by Keating and other authori- 
ties, but which, until lately, was supposed to have been lost. An ancient, 
although mutilated MS. of it was discovered by Mr. Curry in the Library of Trinity 
College; and a perfect copy, beautifully written, and in excellent preservation, 
in the handwriting of Michael O'Clery, one of the Four Masters, was subse- 
quently found by Mr. Bindon, and afterwards more fully identified by the Rev. 
Charles Graves, in the Burgundian Library at Brussels. 

" The account given by Mr. Graves of this copy induced the Secretary, 
during the last summer, to visit Brussels, and to make a complete collation of 
the MS. there preserved, noting all the readings in which it differed from the 
Dublin copy, and transcribing the deficiencies which the mutilations of the 
latter had occasioned. 

" The Secretary has also been in correspondence with some influential 
Members of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries of Copenhagen, who 
have promised him their assistance in the editing of this curious tract ; and 
there is no doubt that the Sasras and other historical remains of Scandinavian 
literature will be found to contain much to confirm and illustrate the notices 
to be found in our Irish records of the ancient connexion between the Norse- 
men and this country. It is unnecessary to call the attention of the Society to 
the importance of such a work. By bringing together the historical docu- 
ments of two nations so long and so entirely separated, it is obvious that, if 
found to harmonize, the most satisfactory confirmation of the truth of the his- 
torical traditions of both countries will be the result. 

a 2 "It 



" It is gratifying also to find that the value of such a comparison has been fully 
recognised in Denmark. In the Report of the results of Mr. Worsaae's late 
visit to this country, communicated to the Royal Society of Northern Antiqua- 
ries by His Majesty the King of Denmark, there is the following passage : 
' L'Academie Royale d'Irlande et l'Universite appelee Trinity College a Dub- 
lin, possedent Tune et l'autre un tres grand nombre d'anciens manuscrits Irian- 
dais dont il n'y a que tres peu qui aient ete publies jusqu'a present dune 
maniere fort imparfaite. On trouve dans ces manuscrits de nombreuses rela- 
tions, pour la plupart en forme d'annales, sur les expeditions des anciens Scan- 
dinaves en Irlande. Une comparaison exacte de toutes ces relations avec les 
rapports contenus dans les sagas Islandaises et dans les oeuvres de Saxon le 
grammairien serait d'une importance inappreciable pour l'archaeologie du Nord 
de meme que pour celle d'Irlande. On en apprendrait en quels points les re- 
lations s'accordent, d'ou Ton pourrait encore juger combien il faut y aj outer foi 
sous d'autres rapports'(a). 

" This passage describes exactly the object with which the Council would 
put forward the Co^ao ^aioealle ^allaib, or Wars of the Danes and Irish, and 
its recognition of the importance of such a publication is the more interesting 
because it contains no allusion to the labours of this Society, and, therefore, was 
written evidently before our correspondence with Mr. Worsaae on the subject- 
had taken place (&). 

"In conclusion, the Council beg leaveto recommend to the Society the adoption 

of 

(a) Memoires de la Societe Royale des disse Efterretninger med Beretningerne i de 
Antiquaires du Nord, 1845-1849, p. 144. islandske Sagaer og hos Saxo Grammaticus 

(6) In the Danish edition of the report, vilde have uberegnelig Vaerd baade for den 
the passage above quoted is as follows : nordiske og den irske Archa?ologi. Den vilde 

"DetKongelige Irske Academihar desuden vise, i hvilke Punkter Beretninger stemme 
medgivet mig Tegninger af de vigti^ste Old- overeens, hvorfra man igjen kunde gjore 
sager i dets Museum. Baade Academiet og Slutninger til deres Trovaerdighed i andre 
Universitetet (eller Trinity College) ere i Be- Henseender. Det vilde derhos medfore den 
siddelse af etmeget betvdeligt Antal acldcramle store Fordeel at alle de falske Anskuelser 
irske Haandskrifter, der enten aldrig eller om de Danske og Nordmaendenes Toge, som 
ikkun hoist ufuldstsendgit have voeret udgivne. i Sajrdeleshed nyere politiske Beva?gelser 
De indeholde talrige Efterretninger, mest i have bragt i Omlob, maatte gjore Plads for 
analistisk Form, om Nordboernes Toge til en sandere og troere historisk Opfattelse af 
Irland. En noiagtig Samraenstilling af alle Datidens Begivenheder." 



of a Resolution, •which thev think will be for its advantage. It is not in anv way 
inconsistent with our Fundamental Laws ; and, therefore, the Council mio-ht, 
perhaps, have adopted it, without the formal sanction of the Society ; but they 
have thought it better to bring the matter before you, and to obtain your opi- 
nion upon it. The Resolution will be proposed to you by the Treasurer, who 
will briefly explain its object and advantages." 

The Report having been read, it was proposed by Charles T. 
Webber, Esq., 

" That the Report now read be received and printed, and issued with the 
forthcoming volume of Annals." 

Proposed by the Rev. Dr. Renehan, President of St. Patrick's 
College, Maynooth, 

" That Charles T. Webber, Esq., and James M c Glashan, Esq., be appointed 
Auditors for the ensuing year; and that their statement of the accounts of the 
Society be printed as an appendix to the Report." , 

Proposed by A. Smith, Esq., M. D., 

" That Members who are not in arrear be permitted to purchase copies of 
such books as were issued prior to their election, at prices to be fixed by the 
Council ; reserving, however, for the use of future Members, as many complete 
sets as the Council may consider desirable." 

Proposed by George Smith, Esq., 

" That His Grace the Duke of Leinster be elected President of the Society 
for the following year, and that the Vice-Presidents and Council of the past 
year be continued in office." 

Proposed by the Rev. Dr. Russell, 

" That the thanks of the Society be presented to the Royal Society of 
Northern Antiquaries of Copenhagen, for their Memoirs which they have pre- 
sented to this Society." 

Proposed by John C. O'Callaghan, Esq., 

" That the thanks of the Society be voted to the President and Council of 
the Royal Irish Academy, for granting the use of their room on the present 



occasion. 



^ 






Eh 

W 

>— i 

O 

o 

03 

W 

H 

fa 
O 



o 


w 




« 


H 


£ 


i— i 


M 


Q 


C 


& 




<3 


PM 
X 




fa 


W 


P 


W 


fe 


H 


< 




r/> 


Pn 


fa 


O 


i— i 

fa 




o 


H 




« 


fa 


O 


1— 1 


Ph 


H 


w 


fa 

o 


« 


H 




U 




•<! 




M 




H 




en 




pq 




<J 




fc 




< 



^ 



s s 



pq 



.2 > 



o> s: £ 



*> - S 



e pq 



<+» 



s 












o 


b 















b 


a 












n 


_o 


*f 












"3 


"3 














03 


to 






























*t-r 




GQ 




c" 


_r 


£~ 


c" 


=3 


^r 


5 




5 


s 


s 


s 


>> 
O 

e 


tc 

e 

c 


x 

o 












o 


c 


to 


« 










£ 


— 


5 
•— 


•* 










>- 


a 




do 


c - 


g 


c" 


6°" 


~ 


u 


s 


?s 


^ 


w 






~> 


o!5 : 



eS 00 S ~ — 
■S -r , S 9 — 



H £ £ £ < 



— «J s 



;-' e ^ 



=r M «r s 



£ 1 



00 < .s 



q o 



6 c 



J £ 2 | 



E- E- 



IRISH ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1848-1849. 



patron : 

HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE ALBERT. 

^resfocnt : 

HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF LEINSTER. 

Utce-^wsfoEnts : 

The Most Noble the Marquis of Kildare, M. P., M.R.I. A. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Leitrim, M. R. I. A. 
The Right Hon. the Viscount Adare, M. P., M. R. I. A. 



CDounctl 



Rev. Samuel Butcher, D. D., M.R.I. A. 
Rev. Charles Graves, A. M., M. R. I. A. 
James Hardiman, Esq., M. R. I. A. 
William Elliot Hudson, Esq., M.R.I. A. 
Major T. A. Larcom, R.E., V. P. R.I. A. 
Charles Mac Donnell, Esq., M. R. I. A. 
Georqe Petrie, Esq., LL. D., R. H. A., 
V. P. R. I. A. 



Rev. Willl\m Reeves, B. D., M. R. I. A. 

Very Rev. Dr. Renehan, President ot'St. 
Patrick's College, Maynooth. 

Aquilla Smith, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., 
Treasurer. 

J. Huband Smith, Esq., A. M., M.R.L A. 

Rev. J. H. Todd, D. D., M. R. I. A., Se- 
cretary. 



irEUmbers of tfje ^octctg : 

[Life Members are marked thus*.} 
•His Royal Highness The Prince Albert. *The Marquis of Drogheda. 
His Excellency The Earl of Clarendon, 'The Marqdis of Kildare, M. P., M. R. I. A. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
His Grace the Lord Primate of Ireland. 
•His Grace the Duke of Buckingham and 

Chandos. 
*His Grace the Duke of Leinster. 



*The Marquis of Lansdowne. 
The Marquis of Ormonde. 
The Marquis of Sligo. 
*The Marquis of Waterford. 
The Earl of Bandon. 



The 

































. 















The Earl of Bective. 

The Earl of Carlisle. 

The Earl of Cawdor. 

TheEARL of Charlemont, M. R. I. A. 

The Earl of Clancarty. 

•The Earl De Grey. 

The Earl of Donoughmore. 

The Earl of Dunraven, M. R. I. A. 

The Earl of Enniskillen. 

The Earl Fitzwilliam. 

The Earl Fortescue. 

The Earl of Glengall. 

The Earl of Leitrim, M. R. I. A. 

The Earl of Meath. 

The Earl of Portarlington. 

The Earl of Roden. 

The Earl of Rosse, M. R. I. A. 

The Earl of Shrewsbury. 

The Viscount Acheson, M. P. 

The Viscount Adare, M. P., M. R. I. A. 



Rev. Edward S. Abbott, Upper Mount-street, 

Dublin. 
•Sir Robert Shafto Adair, Bart., Ballymena. 
Miss M. J. Alexander, Dublin. 
Rev. John H. Armstrong, A. B., Herbert- 
place, Dublin. 
George Atkinson, Esq., A. M., M. B., Upper 

Temple-street, Dublin. 
Rev. James Kennedy Bailie, D. D., M. R. I. A., 

Ardtrea House, Stewartstown. 
Abraham Whyte Baker, Esq., Blessington- 

street, Dublin. 
James B. Ball, Esq., Merrion-square, East, 

Dublin. 
Sir Matthew Barrington, Bart., M. R. I. A., 

St. Stephen's-green, Dublin. 
Hugh Barton, Jun., Esq., Regent's-street, 

London. 
Miss Beaufort, Hatch-street, Dublin. 



The Viscount Courtenay, M. P. 

The Viscount De Vesci. 

The Viscount Lorton. 

The Viscount Massereene and Ferrard. 

The Viscount O'Neill. 

•The Viscount Palmerston. 

The Viscount Suirdale. 

The Lord Bishop of Cashel, E.mly, Wa- 

terford, and Lismore. 
The Lord Bishop of Chichester. 
The Lord Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and 

Ross, M. R. I. A. 
The Lord Bishop of Kilmore, Elphin, and 

Ardagh. 
•Lord Clonbrock. 
Lord Cremorne. 
Lord Farnham. 
Lord George Hill, M. R. 1. A. 
Lord Talbot De Malahide. 



Sir Michael Dillon Bellew, Bart., Mount- 
Dillon, Galway. 

Samuel Henry Bindon, Esq., Limerick. 

Lieutenant-General Robert H. Birch, Leeson- 
street, Dublin. 

John Blachford, Esq., Bucklersbury, London. 

The Rev. Beaver H. Blacker, A. M., Air- 
field, Donnybrook. 

Loftus H. Bland, Esq., Upper Fitzwilliam- 
street, Dublin. 

Bindon Blood, Esq., M. R. I. A., F. R. S. E., 
Ennis. 

Sir John P. Boileau, Bart., London. 

Walter M. Bond, Esq., The Argory, Moy. 

•Beriah Botfield, Esq., M. R. I. A., London. 

W. H. Bradshaw, Esq., Dysart House, Car- 
rick-on-Suir. 

Right Hon. Maziere Brady, Lord Chancellor 
of Ireland, M. R. I. A. 

William 



William Brooke, Esq., Q. C., Leeson-street, 
Dublin. 

William Edward Delves Broughton, Esq., 
Captain, Royal Engineers. 

John W. Browne, Esq., Upper Mount-street, 
Dublin. 

*R. Clayton Browne, Esq., Browne's Hill, 
Carlow. 

Haliday Bruce, Esq., M. R. I. A., Dame-st., 
Dublin. 

Colonel Henry Bruen, M. P., Oak Park, 
Carlow. 

Samuel Bryson, Esq., High-street, Belfast. 

The Chevalier Bunsen, London. 

John Ynyr Burges, Esq., Parkanaur, Dun- 
gannon. 

Joseph Burke, Esq., Elm Hall, Parsons- 
town. 

John Burrowes, Esq., Herbert-street, Dublin. 

Robert Burrowes, Esq., Merrion-square, N., 
Dublin. 

Rev. Samuel Butcher, D. D., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

The Very Rev. R. Butler, A. B., M. R. I. A., 
Dean of Clonmacnoise, Trim. 

* William E. Caldbeck, Esq., Kilmastiogue. 

•Robert Callwell,Esq., M. R. I. A., Herbert- 
place, Dublin. 

Edward Cane, Esq., M. R. I. A., Dawson- 
street, Dublin. 

George Carr, Esq., M. R. I. A., Mountjoy- 
square, S., Dublin. 

•Rev. Joseph Carson, B. D., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Rev. William Carus, A. M., Fellow of Tri- 
nity College, Cambridge. 

Thomas Cather, Esq., Blessington-street, 
Dublin. 

•Patrick Chalmers, Esq., Auldbar, Brechin, 
N. B. 

John David Chambers, Esq., London. 



William Chambers, Esq., High-street, Edin- 
burgh. 

Sir Montagu L. Chapman, Bart., M. R.I. A., 
Killua Castle, Clonmellon. 

Edward Wilmot Chetwode, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
Woodbrook, Portarlington. 

Thomas Clarke, Esq., Baggot-street, Dublin. 

Rev. William Cleaver, A. M., Delgany. 

James Stratherne Close, Esq., Gardiner's- 
row, Dublin. 

Rev. Thomas De Vere Coneys, A. M., Pro- 
fessor of Irish in the University of Dublin. 

Frederick W. Conway, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
Terrace Lodge, Rathmines-road, Dublin. 

Adolphus Cooke, Esq., Cookesborough, Mul- 
lingar. 

James R. Cooke, Esq., Blessington-street, 
Dublin. 

Philip Davies Cooke, Esq.,Ouston, Doncaster. 

Rev. Peter Cooper, Marlborough-street, 
Dublin. 

Sir Charles Coote, Bart., Ballyfin House, 
Mountrath. 

William Coppinger, Esq.,Barryscourt, Cork. 

•Rev. George E. Corrie, B. D., Fellow of 
St. Catherine's Hall, Cambridge. 

The Ven. Henry Cotton, D. C. L., Archdea- 
con of Cashel. 

Rev. George Edmond Cotter, Glenview, 
Middleton. 

James T. Gibson Craig, Esq., Edinburgh. 

Michael Creagh, Esq., Upper Gloucester- 
street, Dublin. 

Rev. George Crolly, Professor of Theology, 
St. Patrick's College, Maynooth. 

Rev. John C. Crosthwaite, A. M., The Rec- 
tory, St. Mary-at-Hill, London. 

Rev. Edward Cupples, LL. B.,V. G. of Down 
and Connor, Lisburn. 

Miss J. M. Richardson Currer, Eshton Hall, 
Yorkshire. 

Francis 



IO 



Francis E. Currey, Esq., Lismore Castle, 

Lismore. 
'Eugene Curry, Esq., Portland-street, North, 

Dublin. 
•James W. Cusack, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., 

Kildare-street, Dublin. 
•The Rev. Edward Fitzgerald Day, Home, 

Cabinteely. 
Quentin Dick, Esq., London. 
*F. H. Dickinson, Esq., Kingweston, Somer- 
setshire. 
C. Wentworth Dilke, Esq., London. 
Thomas Dobbin, Esq., Armagh. 
Joseph Dobbs, Esq., Clanbrassil Terrace, 

Dublin. 
William C. Dobbs, Esq., Fitzwilliam-place, 

Dublin. 
•William Donnelly, Esq., LL. D., Registrar- 
General, Auburn, Malahide. 
Rickard Donovan, Esq., Crown Office, Cork. 
Peter Dowdall, Esq., Summer-hill, Dublin. 
Charles Druitt, Esq., Lima. 
William V. Drury, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., 

Darlington, England. 
Charles Gavan Duffy, Esq., Holme Ville, 

Rathmines, Dublin. 
Col. Francis Dunne, M. P., Brittas, Mount- 

mellick. 
Rev. Charles R. Elrington, D.D., M. R. I. A., 

Regius Professor of Divinity, Trin. Coll., 

Dublin. 
John Edward Errington, Esq., C.E., London. 
•Right Hon. Sir Thomas Esmonde, Bart., 

Ballynastra, Gorey. 
Robert Ewing, Esq., Greenock. 
•J. Walter K. Eyton, Esq., Elgin Villa, 

Leamington. 
M. Le Comte O'Kelly Farrell, Chateau dela 

Mothe, Landon, Bourdeaux. 
Rev. Thomas Farrelly, St. Patrick's College, 

Maynooth. 



Samuel Graeme Fenton, Esq., Belfast. 

Sir Robert Ferguson, Bart., M. P., Derry. 

John Ferguson, Esq., Castle Forward, Derrv. 

•Edward Fitzgerald, Esq., Carrigoran, New- 
market-on-Fereus. 

John D. Fitzgerald, Esq., Merrion-square, 
West, Dublin. 

Rev. Joseph Fitzgerald, M. R. I. A., P. P., 
Rahan, Tullamore. 

Patrick Vincent Fitzpatrick, Esq., Eccles- 
street, Dublin. 

John Flanady, Esq., Dublin. 

Thomas Fortescue, Esq., M. R. I. A., Ra- 
vensdale Park, Flurrybridge. 

John French, Esq., Stockwell-place, Surrey. 

Allan Fullarton, Esq., Westbank, Greenock. 

Alfred Furlong, Esq., Newcastle, County 
Limerick. 

Rev. Robert Gage, A. M., Rathlin Island, 
Ballycastle. 

Edmund Getty, Esq., Victoria-place, Bel- 
fast. 

Rev. Richard Gibbings, A. M., Myragh 
Glebe, Dunfanaghy. 

I. T. Gilbert, Esq., Jervis-street, Dublin. 

Michael Henry Gill, Esq., Mount Haigh, 
Kingstown. 

Rev. William S. Gilly, D. D., Norhara Vica- 
rage, Berwick-on-Tweed. 

The Knight of Glin, Glin Castle, Glin. 

•John Graham, Esq., Craigallian. 

George B.Grant, Esq. ,Grafton-street, Dublin. 

•Rev. Charles Graves, A.M., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Rev. James Graves, A. B., Kilkenny. 

John Gray, Esq., Greenock. 

John Gray, Esq., M. D., Upper Bucking- 
ham-street, Dublin. 

Rev. John Greham, LL. D., Portora House, 
Enniskillen. 

John Grene, Esq., Clonliffe. 

James 



1 1 



James Sullivan Green, Esq., Lower Pem- 
broke-street, Dublin. 

•Richard Griffith, Esq., M. R. I. A., Fitz- 
william-place, Dublin, 

John Gumley, Esq., LL. D., St. Stephen's- 
green, Dublin. 

Edward Hailstone, Esq., Horton Hall, Brad- 
ford, Yorkshire. 

James Haire, Esq., Summer-hill, Dublin. 

Sir Benjamin Hall, Bart., M. P., Portman- 
square, London. 

Right Rev. Francis Haly, D. D., R. C. Bi- 
shop of Kildare and Leighlin, Braganza 
House, Carlow. 

George Alexander Hamilton, Esq., M. P., 
Hampton Hall, Balbriggan. 

James Hamilton, Esq., Fintra House, Killy- 
begs. 

Sir Wm. R. Hamilton, LL. D.,V. P. R. I. A., 
Observatory, Dunsink. 

James Hardiman, Esq., M. R. I. A., Galway. 

Leonard Hartley, Esq., Middleton Lodge, 
Richmond, Yorkshire. 

Rev. Daniel Hearne, St. Patrick's, Man- 
chester. 

Hon. Algernon Herbert, Ickleton, Saffron- 
Walden. 

•Right Hon. Sidney Herbert, M.P., London. 

Thomas Hewitt, Esq., Spencer's Library, 
London. 

Sir VV. Jackson Homan, Bart., Drumroe, 
Cappoquin. 

*A. J. Beresford Hope, Esq., M. P., Lamber- 
hurst. 

*Sir Francis Hopkins, Bart, Rochfort, Mul- 
lingar. 

Herbert F. Hore, Esq., Pole Hore, Kyle, 
Wexford. 

The Very Rev. Edward Gustavus Hudson, 
Dean of Armagh, Glenville, Watergrass- 
hill. 



William E. Hudson, Esq., M. R. I. A., Up- 
per Fitzwilliani-street, Dublin. 

James S. Hamilton Humphreys, Esq., London. 

Thomas Hutton, Esq., M. R. I. A., Summer- 
hill, Dublin. 

John Hyde, Esq., Castle Hyde, Fermoy. 

Sir Robert H. Inglis, Bart., M. P., London. 

•Rev. James Ingram, D.D., President of 
Trinity College, Oxford. 

James James, Esq., New Palace Yard, West- 
minster. 

*Rev. John H. Jellett, A. M., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

•Robert Jones, Esq., M. R. I. A., Fortland, 
Dromore West 

*William Bence Jones, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
Kilgariffe, Clonakilty. 

Sir Robert Kane, M. D., M. R. I. A., Grace- 
field, Booterstown. 

William Kane, Esq., Gloucester-street, Dub- 
lin. 

CharlesKean,Esq.,Kevdell, Horndean, Hants. 

Denis Henry Kelly, Esq., M. R. I. A., Castle 
Kelly, Mount Talbot. 

Rev. Matthew Kelly, St. Patrick's College, 
Maynooth. 

Henry Kemmis, Esq., Q. C, Merrion-square, 
East, Dublin. 

The Right Honourable the Knight of Kerry, 
M. R. I. A., Listowell. 

Thomas Kippax King, Esq., London. 

Rev. Henry Barry Knox, M. R. I. A., Had- 
leigh, Suffolk. 

George J. Knox, Esq., M. R. I. A., Maddox- 
street, London. 

Rev. John Torrens Kyle, A. M., Clondrohid, 
Macroom. 

•The Right Hon. Henry Labouchere, M. P.. 
Belgrave-square, London. 

David Laing, Esq., Signet Library, Edin- 
burgh. 
2 Alexander 



12 



Alexander C. Lambert, Esq., Ballinrobe. 

Denny Lane, Esq., Sydney-place, Cork. 

•Major T. A. Larcom, R. E., V. P. R. I. A., 
Dublin. 

•Walter Lawrence, Jun., Esq., Capt. 41st 
Welch Regt., Lisreaghane, Lawrencetown, 
Co. Gal way. 

Rev. William Lee, A. M., M. R. I. A., Fel- 
low of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Robert Leeson, Esq., Florence. 

'Frederick Lindesay, Esq., Mountjoy-square, 
West, Dublin. 

John Lindsay, Esq., Maryville, Blackrock, 
Cork. 

Rev. John Lingard, D. D., Hornby, Lan- 
caster. 

Rev. Humphrey Lloyd, D. D., P. R. I. A., 
Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

•William Horton Lloyd, Esq., Park-square, 
Regent's-park, London. 

Rev. Richard H. Low, Lowville, Ahascragh. 

Joseph Lowell, Esq., London. 

Robert Mac Adam, Esq., College-square, 
Belfast. 

*D. Mac Carthy, Esq., Florence. 

The Rev. Daniel M'Carthy, Professor of 
Rhetoric, St. Patrick's College, Maynooth. 

Rev. Charles M'Crossan, Drumquin, Omagh. 

G. A. M'Dermott, Esq., F. G. S., Chester- 
ton Hall, Newcastle-under-Line. 

Right Hon. Alexander M'Donnell, Tyrone 
House, Marlborough-street, Dublin. 

Charles P. Mac Donnell, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
Bonabrougha House, Wicklow. 

Edmund Mac Donnell, Esq.,Glenarm Castle, 
Glenarm. 

•Rev. Richard Mac Donnell, D. D., M. R. I. A., 
Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dub- 
lin. 

George M'Dowell, Esq., A. M., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 



The Right Rev. Patrick M'Gettigan, D. D., 
R. C. Bishop of Raphoe, Letterkenny. 

James M c Glashan, Esq., D'Olier-st., Dub- 
lin. 

Most Rev. John Mac Hale, D. D., St. Jar- 
lath's, Tuam. 

Rev. John M'Hugh, Baldoyle. 

John W. M'Kenzie, Esq., Edinburgh. 

Most Rev. Dr. Mac Nally, R. C. Bishop of 
Clogher, Clogher. 

Sir Frederick Madden, Hon. M. R. I. A., 
British Museum. 

James Magee, Esq., Leeson-street, Dublin. 

Pierce Mahony, Esq., M. R.I. A., William- 
street, Dublin. 

Rev. Samuel R. Maitland, D. D., F. R. S., 
London. 

Andrew John Maley, Esq., Merrion-square, 
South, Dublin, 

John Malone, Esq., Rathlaslin, Ballyna- 
cargy. 

Henry Martley, Esq., Q. C, Harcourt-street, 
Dublin. 

Rev. George Maxwell, Askeaton. 

•Andrew Milliken, Esq., Dublin. 

William Monsell, Esq., M. P., M. R. I. A., 
Tervoe, Limerick. 

Rev. Philip Moore, Rosbercon, New Ross. 

John Shank More, Esq., Great King-street, 
Edinburgh. 

•Andrew Mulholland, Esq., Mount Collyer, 
Belfast. 

Sinclaire Kilbourne Mulholland, Esq., Eglon- 
tine, Hillsborough. 

•Joseph Neeld, Esq., M. P., Grosvenor-sq., 
London. 

The Very Rev. Dean Nolan, P. P., Gowran. 

William Nugent, Esq., Killester Abbey, Ra- 
heny. 

Cornelius O'Brien, Esq., Ennistimon. 

Francis O'Brien, Esq., Thurles. 

Sir 



*3 



Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart., M. P., Dromo- 
land, Newmarket-on-Fer°:us. 

William Smith O'Brien, Esq., M. P.,Caher- 
moyle, Rathkeale. 

The Very Rev. Dominick O'Brien, Waterford. 

John Cornelius O'Callaghan, Esq., Russell- 
place, Dublin. 

John O'Connell, Esq., M. P., Gowranhill, 
Dalkey. 

Maurice O'Connell, Esq., M. P., Darrynane 
Abbey, county of Kerry. 

Denis O'Connor, Esq., Mount Druid, Bele- 
nagare, County Roscommon. 

John O'Donoghue, Esq., Lower Mount-street, 
Dublin. 

The O'Donovan, Montpelier, Douglas, Cork. 

•John O'Donovan, Esq., Newcomen-place, 
Dublin. 

The O'Dowda, Bonniconlan House, Ballina. 

•Joseph Michael O'Ferrall, Esq., Rutland- 
square, West, Dublin. 

The Right Hon. R. More O'Ferrall, Gover- 
nor of Malta. 

•William Ogilby, Esq., London. 

Nicholas Purcell O'Gorman, Esq., Q. C, 
Blessington-street, Dublin. 

Richard O'Gorman, Esq., Lower Dominick- 
street, Dublin. 

The O'Grady, Kilballyowen, Bruff. 

Major O'Hara, Annamoe, Collooney. 

Sir Colman M. O'Loghlen, Bart., Merrion- 
square, South, Dublin. 

Rev. Mortimer O'Sullivan, D. D., Killyman, 
Dungannon. 

Right Hon. Sir Robert Peel, Bart., M. P., 
London. 

Louis Hayes Petit, Esq., F. R. S., London. 

George Petrie, Esq., LL. D., R. H. A., 
V. P. R. I. A., Great Charles-st., Dublin. 

• Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart., Middlehill, 
Broadway, Worcestershire. 



John Edward Pigott, Esq., Merrion-square, 
South, Dublin. 

•Rev. Charles Porter, Ballybay. 

Colonel Henry Edward Porter, Minterne, 
Dorchester. 

James Power, Esq., D. L., Edermine, Ennis- 
corthy. 

Robt. Power, Esq., Pembroke-place, Dublin. 

Hon. Edward Preston, Gormanstown Castle, 
Balbriggan. 

Colonel J. Dawson Rawdon, M. P., Cold- 
stream Guards, Stanhope-street, London. 

Thomas M. Ray, Esq., Dublin. 

Thomas N. Redington, Esq., M. R. I. A., 
Under Secretary for Ireland, Dublin Cas- 
tle. 

Henry Thompson Redmond, Esq., Carrick- 

on-Suir. 

Rev. William Reeves, B. D., Ballymena. 

Lewis Reford, Esq., Beechmount, Belfast. 

W. Reilly, Esq., Belmont, Mullingar. 

Rev. Laurence F. Renehan, D. D., President 
of St. Patrick's College, Maynooth. 

Rev. G. C. Renouard, B. D., Dartford, Kent. 

E. William Robertson, Esq., Breadsall Pri- 
ory, Derby. 

Rev. Thomas R. Robinson, D. D., M.R.I. A., 
Observatory, Armagh. 

Rev. Charles Russell, D. D., St. Patrick's 
College, Maynooth. 

Rev. Franc Sadleir, D. D., V. P. R. I. A., 
Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. 

John Sadleir, Esq., Great Denmark-street, 
Dublin. 

Rev. George Salmon, A. M., Fellow of Tri- 
nity College, Dublin. 

Robert Sharpe, Esq., Coleraine. 

Right Hon. Frederick Shaw, Recorder of 
Dublin, Kimmage House. 

Evelyn John Shirley, Esq., M. P., Carrick- 
macross. 

Evelyn 



14 



Evelyn Philip Shirley, Esq., Eatington Park, ; 

Shipton-on-Stuur. 
Rev. Joseph H. Singer, D. D., M. R. I. A., 

Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 
W. F. Skene, Esq., Edinburgh. 
The Most Rev. Dr.Slattery.R. C. Archbishop 

of Cashel, Tburles. 
Aquilla Smith, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., 

Lower Baggot-street, Dublin. 
'George Smith, Esq., Lower Baggot-street, 

Dublin. 
'George Smith, F. R. S., Trevu, Camborne, 

England. 
•Rev. J. Campbell Smith, A. B., Rome. 
J. Huband Smith, Esq., A. M., M. R. I. A., 

Holies-street, Dublin. 
John G. Smyly, Esq., Upper Merrion. street, 

Dublin. 
George Lewis Smyth, Esq., Derby-street, 

London. 
The Right Hon. Sir Wm. Meredyth Somer- 

ville, Bart., M. P., Somerville, Drogbeda. 
Augustus Stafford, Esq.,M. P., Blatherwycke 

Park, Northamptonshire. 
John Vandeleur Stewart, Esq., Rockhill, Let- 

terkenny. 
Colonel William Stewart, Killymoon, Cooks- 
town. 
William Stokes, Esq., M. D., M. R. I. A., 

Regius Professor of Physic, Dublin. 
The Hon. and Very Rev. the Dean of St. 

Patrick's, Dublin. 
The Ven. Charles Strong, A. M., M. R. L A., 

Archdeacon of Glendalough, Cavendish- 
row, Dublin. 
Hon. and Rev. Andrew Godfrey Stuart, Rec- 
tory of Cottesmore, Oakham. 
Rev. George Studdert, A. M., Dundalk. 
•Thomas Swanton, Esq., Crannliath, Ballida- 

hob, Skibbereen. 



Walter Sweetman, Esq., Mountjoy-square, 

North, Dublin. 
James Talbot, Esq., Evercreech House, Shep- 

ton Mallet, Somersetshire. 
Bartholomew M. Tabuteau, Esq., Fitzwil- 

liam-place, Dublin. 
•Edward King Tenison, Esq., Castle Teni- 

son, Keadue, Carrick-on-Shannon. 
•Robert J. Tennent, Esq., Belfast. 
•James Thompson, Esq., Ballysillan, Belfast. 
Robert Tighe, Esq., M. R. I. A., Fitzwilliam- 

square, North, Dublin. 
•William Fownes Tighe, Esq., Woodstock, 

Inistiogue. 
•Rev. James H. Todd, D. D., M. R. I. A., 

Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 
James Ruddell Todd, Esq., London. 
Rev. John M. Traherne, Coedriglan, Cardiff. 
William B. C. C. Turnbull, Esq., Advocate, 

F. S. A., Edinburgh. 
TraversTwiss, Esq., D. C. L., F. R. S., Uni- 
versity College, Oxford. 
•Henry Tyler, Esq., Newtown-Limavaddy. 
Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Esq., Rutland- 
square, Dublin. 
Edward Crips Villiers, Esq., Kilpeacon. 
Rev. Charles W. Wall, D. D., V. P. R. I. A., 

Vice-Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. 
James A. Wall, Esq., Baggot-street, Dublin. 
John Wallace, Esq., Belfast. 
Charles T. Webber, Esq., M. R. I. A., Upper 

Gloucester-street, Dublin. 
William Robert Wilde, Esq., Westland-row, 

Dublin. 
The Ven. Archdeacon Williams, Llandovery, 

Caermarthenshire. 
Richard Palmer Williams, Esq., M. R. I. A., 

Drumcondra Castle, Dublin. 
William Williams, Esq., Aberpergwm, Neath, 

South Wales. 



Rev. 



*5 



Rev. John Wilson, B. D., Fellow of Trinity 

College, Oxford. 
Lestock P. Wilson, Esq., London. 
John Windele, Esq., Sunday's Well, Cork. 
Edward Wright, Esq., Upper Leeson-street, 

Dublin. 



•John Wynne, Esq., M. R. I. A., Hazlewood, 

Sligo. 
The Very Rev. William Yore, D. D., V. G., 

Queen-street, Dublin. 



LIBRARIES ENTITLED TO THE PUBLICATIONS OF THE SOCIETY 



Academy, Royal Irish. 
Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 
Athenaeum, London. 
Belfast Library. 
Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
British Museum. 
Cambridge Public Library. 
St. Columba College Library. 
Cork Library. 
Royal Dublin Society. 
Dublin University Library. 
Edinburgh University Library. 
Glasgow University Library. 



Irish Office, London. 

King's Inns' Library, Dublin. 

Kildare-street Club, Dublin. 

Limerick Institution. 

London Institution, Finsbury Circus. 

London Library, Pall Mall. 

Archbishop Marsh's Library, Dublin. 

Maynooth College. 

Oxford and Cambridge Club, London. 

The Portico Library, Manchester. 

The Signet Library, Edinburgh. 

St. Stephen's Green Club, Dublin. 



FUNDAMENTAL 



i6 



FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE SOCIETY. 

I. The number of Members shall be limited to 500. 

II. The affairs of the Society shall be managed by a Council, consisting of a Pre- 
sident, three Vice-Presidents, and twelve other Members, to be annually elected bv 
the Society. 

III. Those Noblemen and Gentlemen who have been admitted Members prior t<» 
the first day of May, 1841, shall be deemed the original Members of the Society, and 
all future Members shall be elected by the Council. 

IV. Each Member shall pay four pounds on the first year of his election, and one 
pound every subsequent year. These payments to be made in advance, on or before 
the first day of January, annually. 

V. Such Members as desire it may become Life Members on payment of the sum 
of thirteen pounds, or ten pounds (if they have already paid their entrance fee), in lieu 
of the annual subscription. 

VI. Every Member whose subscription is not in arrear shall be entitled to receive 
one copy of each publication of the Society issued subsequently to his admission; and 
the books printed by the Society shall not be sold to the Public. 

VII. No Member who is three months in arrear of his subscription shall be en- 
titled to vote, or to any other privilege of a Member; and any Member who shall be 
one year in arrear of his subscription, shall be liable to be removed by the Council 
from the books of the Society after due notice served upon him to that effect. 

VIII. Any Member who shall gratuitously edit any book approved of by the 
Council, shall be entitled to twenty copies of such book, when printed, for his own 
use: and the Council shall at all times be ready to receive suggestions from Members 
relative to such rare books or manuscripts as they may be acquainted with, and 
which they may deem worthy of being printed by the Society. 

IX. The Council shall have power to appoint officers, and to make by-laws not 
inconsistent with the Fundamental Laws of the Society. 

X. No person shall be elected a Member of the Society until the entrance fee and 
subscription for the current year be paid to the Treasurer or one of the Local Se- 
cretaries. 



Noblemen and Gentlemen desirous of becoming Members of the Irish Archaeo- 
logical Society are requested to forward their names and addresses to the Secretary, 

Rev. 



J 7 

Rev. Dr. Todd, Trinity College, Dublin. Literary Societies and public Libraries 
may procure the Society's publications by paying an admission fee of £3 and an 
annual subscription of £1, but without the privilege of compounding for the annual 
subscription. 



PUBLICATIONS FOR THE TEAR 184I. 

I. Tracts relating to Ireland, vol. L containing: 

1. The Circuit of Ireland ; by Muircheartach Mac Neill, Prince of Aileach; a 
Poem -written in the year 942 by Cormacan Eigeas, Chief Poet of the North 
of Ireland. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, and a Map of the Circuit, 
by John O'Donovan, Esq. 

2. "A Brife Description of Ireland, made in this year 1589, by Robert Payne, 
vnto xxv. of his partners, for whom he is vndertaker there." Reprinted from 
the second edition, London, 1590, with a Preface and Notes, by Aquilla 
Smith, M. D., M. R. I. A. 

II. The Annals of Ireland, by James Grace of Kilkenny. Edited from the MS. 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, in the original Latin, with a translation and 
Notes, by the Rev. Richard Butler, A. B., M. R. I. A, 

PUBLICATIONS FOR THE YEAR 1 842. 

I. Cach TTluijhi "Rach. The Battle of Magh Rath (Moira), from an ancient MS. 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited in the original Irish, with a Trans- 
lation and Notes, by John O'Donovan. 

IL Tracts relating to Ireland, voL il containing: 

1. " A Treatise of Ireland ; by John Dymmok." Edited from a MS. in the 
British Museum, with Notes, by the Rev. Richard Butler, A. B., M. R. I. A. 

2. The Annals of Multifernam; from the original MS. in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin. Edited by Aquilla Smith, M. D., M. R. L A. 

3. A Statute passed at a Parliament held at Kilkenny, A. D. 1367; from a MS. 
in the British Museum. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, by James 
Hardiman, Esq., M. R. I. A. 

PUBLICATIONS FOR THE YEAR 1 843. 
L An account of the Tribes and Customs of the District of Hy-Many, commonly 
called O'Kelly's Country, in the Counties of Galway and Roscommon. Edited from 

- the 



i8 

the Book of Lecan in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, in the original Irish ; 
with a Translation and Notes, and a Map of Hy-Many, by John O'Donovan, Esq. 

II. The Book of Obits and Martyrology of the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, com- 
monly called Christ Church, Dublin. Edited from the original MS. in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin. By the Rev. John Clarke Crosthwaite, A. M., Rector 
of St. Mary-at-Hill, and St. Andrew Hubbart, London. With an Introduction by 
James Henthorn Todd, D. D., V. P. R. I. A., Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 

PUBLICATIONS FOR THE YEAR I 844. 

I. " Registrum Ecclesie Omnium Sanctorum juxta Dublin;" from the original 
MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited by the Rev. Richard But- 
ler, A. B., M. R. I. A. 

II. An Account of the Tribes and Customs of the District of Hy-Fiachrach, in 
the Counties of Sligo and Mayo. Edited from the Book of Lecan, in the Library of 
the Royal Irish Academy, and from a copy of the Mac Firbis MS. in the possession of 
the Earl of Roden. "With a Translation and Notes, and a Map of Hy-Fiachrach. By 
John O'Donovan, Esq. 

PUBLICATION FOR THE YEAR 1 845. 

A Description of West or H-Iar Connaught, by Roderic O'Flaherty, Author of 
the Ogygia, written A. D. 1684. Edited from a MS. in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, with copious Notes and an Appendix. By James Harddian, Esq., 
M. R. I. A. 

PUBLICATION FOR THE YEAR 1 846. 
The Miscellany of the Irish Archa3ological Society. Vol. I. containing : 

1. An ancient Poem attributed to St. Columbkille, with a Translation and Notes 
by John O'Donovan, Esq. 

2. De Concilio Hibernise ; the earliest extant record of a Parliament in Ireland ; 
with Notes by the Rev. R. Butler. 

3. Copy of the Award as concerning the Tolboll (Dublin) : contributed by Dr. 
Aqctlla Smith. 

4. Pedigree of Dr. Dominick Lynch, Regent of the Colledge of St. Thomas of 
Aquin, in Seville, A. D. 1674: contributed by James Hardiman, Esq. 

5. A Latin Poem, by Dr. John Lynch, Author of Cambrensis Eversus, in reply 
to the Question, Cur in patriam non redis ? Contributed by James Hardi- 
man, Esq. 

6. 



19 

6. The Obits of Kilcormick, now Frankfort, King's County: contributed by the 
Rev. J. H. Todd. 

7. Ancient Testaments: contributed by Dr. Aquilla Smith. 

8. Autograph Letter of Thady O'Roddy: with some Notices of the Author by 
the Rev. J. H. Todd. 

9. Autograph Letter of Oliver Cromwell to his Son, Harry Cromwell, Com- 
mander in Chief in Ireland: contributed by Dr. A. Smith. 

10. The Irish Charters in the Book of Kells, with a Translation and Notes by 
John O'Donovan, Esq. 

11. Original Charter granted by John Lord of Ireland, to the Abbey ofMelli- 
font: contributed by Dr. A. Smith. 

12. A Journey to Connaught in 1709 by Dr. Thomas Molyneux: contributed by 
Dr. A. Smith. 

13. A Covenant in Irish between Mageogkegan and the Fox; with a Translation, 
and historical Notices of the two Families, by John O'Donovan, Esq. 

14. The Annals of Ireland, from A. D. 1453 to 1468, translated from a lost Irish 
original, by Dudley Firbisse; with Notes by J. O'Donovan, Esq. 

PUBLICATION FOR THE YEAR 1 847. 

The Irish Version of the " Historia Britonum" of Nennius, or, as it is called in 
Irish MSS., Ceabap 6pecncc, the British Book. Edited from the book of Balimote, 
collated with copies in the Book of Lecan, and in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, with a Translation and Notes by James Henthorn Todd, D. D., M. R. I. A., 
Fellow of Trinity College, &c. ; and Additional Notes and an Introduction by the 
Hon. Algernon Herbert. 

PUBLICATION FOR THE YEAR I 848. 

The Latin Annalists of Ireland; edited, with introductory Remarks and Notes, by 
the Very Rev. Richard Butler, M. R. I. A., Dean of Clanmorris, — viz.: 

1. The Annals of Ireland, by John Clyn, of Kilkenny; from a MS. in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin, collated with another in the Bodleian Library, 
Oxford. 

2. The Annals of Ireland, by Thady Dowling, Chancellor of Leighlin, From a 
MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. 

WORKS IN THE PRESS. 

L Cormac's Glossary; with a Translation and Notes by John O'Donovan and 
Eugene Curry, Esqrs. 

II. 



20 

II. Macaria? Excidium, the Destruction of Cyprus ; being a secret History of the 
Civil War in Ireland under James II., by Colonel Charles O'Kelly. Edited in the 
Latin, from a MS. presented by the late Professor Mac Cullagh to the Library of the 
Royal Irish Academy; with a translation, by Denis Henry Kelly, Esq.; and Notes 
by John O'Callaghan, Esq. 

PUBLICATIONS SUGGESTED OR IN PROGRESS. 

The following Works are many of them nearly ready for the Press, and will be 
undertaken as soon as the funds of the Society will permit: 

I. The Irish Archaeological Miscellany, vol. n. 

II. The Annals of Ulster. With a Translation and Notes. Edited from a MS. 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, collated with the Translation made for Sir 
James Ware by Dudley or Duald Mac Firbis, a MS. in the British Museum, by James 
Henthorn Todd, D. D., M. E. I. A., and John O'Donovan, Esq., M. R. I. A. 

III. The Annals of Innisfallen ; from a MS. in the Bodleian Library, Oxford; with 
a Translation and Notes by John O'Donovan, Esq. 

IV. Ecclesiastical Taxation of Ireland, circ. 1500. Edited from the original Ex- 
chequer Rolls, in the Carlton-Ride Record Office, London, with Notes, by the Rev. 
William Reeves, M. B., of Trinity College, Dublin. 

V. The Liber Hymnorum; from the original MS. in the Library of Trinity Col- 
lege, Dublin. Edited by the Rev. James Henthorn Todd, D. D., M. R. I. A., Fellow 
of Trinity College, and the Rev. Willlam Reeves, M. B., M. R. I. A. 

VI. Sir William Petty 's Narrative of his Proceedings in the Survey of Ireland; 
from a MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited, with Notes, by Thos. 
A. Larcom, Esq., Major R. E., V. P. R. I. A. 

VII. Articles of Capitulation and Surrender of Cities, Towns, Castles, Forts, &c, 
in Ireland, to the Parliamentary Forces, from A. D. 1649 to 1654. Edited, with His- 
torical Notices, by James Hardiman, Esq., M. R. I. A. 

VIII. The Genealogy and History of the Saints of Ireland : from the Book of 
Lecan. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, by John O'Donovan, Esq., and James 
Henthorn Todd, D. D. 

LX. An Account of the Firbolgs and Danes of Ireland, by Duald Mac Firbis, from 
a MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin ; with a Translation and Notes, by 
John O'Donovan, Esq. 

X. 6opuma. The Origin and History of the Boromean Tribute. Edited from a 
MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, with a Translation and Notes, by Eu- 
gene Curry, Esq. 

XL 



21 

XI. The Progresses of the Lords Lieutenant in Ireland; from MSS. in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin. Edited by Joseph Huband Smith. Esq., A. M., M. It. I. A. 

XII. A Treatise on the Ogham or occult Forms of Writing of the ancient Irish; 
from a MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin; with a Translation and Notes, 
and preliminary Dissertation, by the Rev. Charles Graves, A.M., M. K. I. A., Fellow 
of Trinity College, and Professor of Mathematics in the University of Dublin. 

XIII. The Topographical Poems of O'Heerin and O'Dugean; with Notes bv John 
O'Donovan, Esq. 

XIV. Cojao ^aoioeal pe ^allaib. The Wars of the Irish and Danes. Edited, 
with a Translation and Notes, from a MS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, 
collated with a MS. in the handwriting of Fr. Michael O'Clery, now in the 
Burgundian Library at Brussels. By James Henthorn Todd, D. D., and John 
O'Donovan, Esq. 



In addition to the foregoing projected Publications, there are many important 
works in the contemplation of the Council, which want of funds alone prevents the 
possibility of their undertaking, such as the Brehon Laws, the Dinnseanchu-, th.^ 
Annals of Connaught, the Annals of Tigernach, &c., &c 






m 



IB 

1 



1 



« 



mm 



mmm 



■I 



m 

I1HHHH 






I 



itt.iiiiSisH 



HHBHHVB 
™*!BflHflUB 



XMJtt 



m 






'^^r 



91111 



Hfll 



WGhw 



' ri 'l,'.. 'jv'i 






mmgmjjm 

■', ,i ;'■■■' 1 ...... :■ 



m