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Full text of "Annals of Ireland. Three fragments, copied from ancient sources by Dubhaltach MacFirbisigh; and edited, with a translation and notes, from a manuscript preserved in the Burgundian Library at Brussels"

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ANNALS OF IRELAND. 



THREE FRAGMENTS, 

COPIED PROM ANCIENT SOURCES 

BY DUBHALTACH MAC FIRBISIGH ; 

AND EDITED, 

WITH A TRANSLATION AND NOTES, 

FROM A MANUSCRIPT PRESERVED IN THE BURGUNDIAN LIBRARY AT BRUSSELS, 

BY 

JOHN O'DONOVAN, LLD., I.E. I. A., 

PROFESSOR OF CELTIC LANGUAGES, QUEEN'S COLLEGE, BELFAST; 
CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, BERLIN. 




DUBLIN: 

'JprtntcD at tije 2'lutbcisiitji 
FOE THE IRISH ARCHAIC-LOGICAL AND CELTIC SOCIETY. 

1860. 





THIS COPY WAS PRINTED FOK 

w . r- . * K E N K - v- * 

MEMBEK OF THE SOCIETY. 



D/\ 



1/60 



DUBLIN : 

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 
BY M. H. GILL. 



THE 



IRISH ARCMOLOGICAL AND CELTIC SOCIETY. 



MDCCCLX. 



HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE CONSORT. 



His GRACE THE DUKE OF LEINSTER. 



THE MOST NOBLE THE MARQUIS OF KILDARE, M. R. I. A. 

THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF DUNRAVEN, M. R. I. A. 

THE RIGHT HON. LORD TALBOT DE MALAHIDE, M. R. I. A. 

VERY REV. CHARLES W. RCSSELL, D. D., President of Maynooth College. 



EUGENE CURRY, ESQ., M.R.I.A, 

REV. THOMAS FARRELLY. 

REV. CHARLES GRAVES, D.D., F.T.C.D., 

M.R.I.A. 

REV. JAMES GRAVES, A.B. 
THOMAS A. LARCOM, Major-General R.E., 

M.R.I.A. 



PATRICK V. FITZPATRICK, ESQ. 

JOHN C. O'CALLAGHAN, ESQ. 

JOHN O'DONOVAN, ESQ., LL.D., M.R.I.A. 

GEO. PETRIE, ESQ., LL.D., M.R.I.A. 

REV. WILLIAM REEVES, D.D., M.R.I.A. 

WM.R. WILDE, ESQ., F.R.C.S.I., M.R.I.A. 



Sbtattmts : 
REV. J. H. TODD, D.D., Pres. R.I.A. j J. T. GILBERT, ESQ., M.R.I.A. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



>HE following Three Fragments of Annals, never 
before published, were copied in the year 1643 
for the Rev. John Lynch, author of " Cambrensis 
Eversus," by Dubhaltach Mac Firbisigh, or, as he 
anglicized his name, " Dudley Firbisse" a , from a 
vellum MS., the property of Nehemias b Mac Egan, 
of Ormond, chief Professor of the old Irish or Brehon Laws ; but the 
MS. from which the present text has been obtained, and which is now 
preserved in the Burgundian Library at Brussels (7, c. n. 17), is 
not in Mac Firbis's hand, but in that of a scribe who copied imme- 
diately from his MS., as appears from several marginal remarks. 
The name of this second transcriber nowhere appears. It is quite 

clear, 




* Dudley Firbisse. For some account of 
Dudley Firbisse the reader is referred to 
" Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy- 
Fiachrach." Introduction, p. vii. to xii. 
Mr. O'Conor, of Belanagare, informs us, in 
a letter published by Dr. Ledwich in his 
"Antiquities of Ireland" (2nd ed., Dub- 
lin, 1804), p. 303, that Duald MacFirbis 
was instructed by the Mac Egans of Or- 
mond, who were hereditary Brehons, and 



B 



professors of the old Irish laws. It would 
also appear that he studied for some time 
with the O'Davorans of Thomond. For 
his Translations from Irish Annals for Sir 
James "Ware, the reader is referred to the 
" Miscellany of the Irish Archaeological 
Society," vol. i. p. 198 to 263. 

b Nehemias is the usual Latinized form 
of Gilla-na-naemh, as appears from a Gloss 
in Lib. T. C. D., H. 2, 13. 



clear, from his marginal observations, that he was a classical scholar, 
and a critic of considerable acumen ; and that he had carefully com- 
pared these Fragments with the " Annals of the Four Masters." He 
also made an Index to the whole, in which he gives the dates from 
the "Annals of the Four Masters," which dates Lynch has adopted in 
his " Cambrensis Eversus" without any attempt at correcting them, 
although they are sometimes two and three years before the true 
years. 

In the present edition of these Fragments the chronology of the 
Annals of Ulster is generally followed, with the addition of one year. 
The original Fragments exhibit the Anno Domini in very few instances; 
and even where they do, their dates are almost invariably incorrect. 

Of the age or nature of the MS. from which Mac Firbis copied 
these Fragments of Annals, we have no clue to form any correct 
opinion, as he, or the later transcriber who followed him, has evidently 
modernized the orthography. He tells us, in several places, that the 
MS. was effaced, and that he could not read some important passages 
in consequence of the shattered condition of the old book. 

The first Fragment relates chiefly to the Northern Ui Neill, and 
was, probably, compiled in Ulster originally ; but the other two evi- 
dently belong to Ossory, or Laeighis (now Leix), and must have been 
compiled in some monastery in either of these territories. This is 
evident from the first lengthened notice in these Fragments : namely, 
of Feradhach, son of Duach, King of Ossory, whose death is entered 
in the " Annals of the Four Masters," at the year 582. It is also very 
evident, from the detailed accounts given of the renowned deeds of 
Cearbhall, King of Ossory, and of Cenneidigh, son of Gaeithin, King 
of Laeighis. The Comharba, or successor, of Molua of Cluainferta- 
Molua, is also referred to as having composed poems in praise of this 
Cearbhall. 

It 



It is a very curious fact, that while these Fragments dwell with 
particular emphasis upon the achievements of the princes of the 
territories of Ossory and Leix, and of those of their relatives, the Ui- 
Neill, not a single reference is made to the Dal gCais, who soon after- 
wards eclipsed, not only the princes of those territories, but the more 
powerful and royal Ui Neill themselves; and, what is still more 
remarkable, in the account of the Battle of Bealach Mughna, in which 
Cormac Mac Cullinan was killed, A. D. 908, there is not one word 
said about the claim of the Dal gCais to the kingdom of Munster, 
although the work called " Cath Bealaigh Mughna," quoted by 
Keating, dwells upon it with remarkable emphasis. The inference to 
be drawn from this fact is, either that the Dal gCais had not risen to 
any remarkable point of power or celebrity before 908, or that the 
writers of these Annals were hostile to them. 

The more lengthened stories and details of battles, in these Frag- 
ments, are curious specimens of Irish composition. Some of them 
have evidently been abstracted from long bardic descriptions of 
battles, and are interspersed with the wonderful and wild, the super- 
natural and incredible. 

In the translation of the present Fragments nothing has been 
changed or modified; but the originals are given with scrupulous 
fidelity, as specimens of the manner in which our ancestors inter- 
mingled the wildest fiction with historical facts. The reader will 
remark this in the legend of Donnbo, in the description of the Battle of 
Almhain, as well as in the account of the shout of the King's Jester 
at the same battle, which continued to be heard in the sky for an 
incredible period of time. 

The account of the battles between the Aunites, or Danes, and 
Norwegians, in Carlingford Lough, and elsewhere in Ulster, has 
probably been taken from an Ulster work on the Wars of the Danes 

B2 and 



arid Norwegians in Ireland, now unfortunately lost or unknown. 
The account of these wars, now in progress of printing by Dr. Todd, 
is a Munster and Dalcassian production, and dwells almost exclu- 
sively upon the achievements of the men of Munster, especially 
upon the renowned deeds of the Dalcassian race of Thomond, who 
are panegyrized in glowing bardic eloquence. The present Fragments, 
however, make no mention whatever of any opposition given by the 
Dal gCais, or other Munster tribes, to the Danes, from which it is 
sufficiently obvious that they were extracted from local Annals pre- 
served by the Ui Neill, and other tribes who were adverse to the 
Munstermen. 

The account of the Gall-Gaels of Ireland who had joined the 
Danes, and lapsed into Paganism, is very important, as our previous 
ideas about them were very confused. O'Flaherty thought that these 
Gall-Gadelians were confined to the western islands of Scotland ("Ogy- 
gia," Part iii., c. 75); but it is clear from these Annals that they were 
also in Leinster and various parts of Ireland. 

The account of the attack on Chester, in the third Fragment, was, 
probably, taken from some English or Welsh annalist, but no narra- 
tive exactly like it has been found in Geoffrey of Monmouth, or any 
English chronicler. 

The account of the battle between the Norwegians and Moors in 
Mauritania, and of the Blue-men brought by the former into Ireland, 
has not been found in any other writer. 

As already observed, the spelling has been modernized by the 
later scribes, but very old words and phrases, with some idioms now 
obsolete, will be observed throughout; such as popuaipli, acacom- 
naic, pop TYiapb, &c. The spelling of the MS. has been carefully pre- 
served throughout, though it is evidently not as old as the language 

in which these Fragments are written. 

J. O'D. 



FRAGMENTA ANNALIUM HIBERNLE. 



RAGMENTA tria Annalium Hibernise extractum 
[sic] ex codice membraneo Nehemia? mac ^Egan 
senis, Hibernias Juris peritissimi, in Ormonia, per 
Ferbissiuin ad usum R. D. Joannis Lynch. 

Ab anno Christi circiter 571 ad annum plus 
minus 910. 




[FEAGMENTUM I.] 

[Cf. O. 573.] f?l. Car peirmn in quo uiccup epc Colman 
beg mac Dia|imat)a ec ippe euapic. bpenann biopop quieuir 
in Cbpipro, cl^^. anno aecacip puae, uel ccc. 

|v. ]Q. ]v. ]v. ]?. fv. ]?. Ceigim na pecc "jQallanoa pin peacam. 

[581.] ]Qal. Car ITlanann in quo Qooan mac ^abnam uiccop 
epau. 

[582.] f^al. FTlapbaO peapaDai^ Pinn, mic Ouac, pi Oppaie. 
Qp e po imuppo an cpeap pi pe pe Colaim cille t>o cuaib DO cum 

nirhe. 



Feimhin, otherwise MaghFeimhim, a 
large plain in the barony of Iffa and Offa, 
in the county of Tipperary. The dates 
printed within brackets are added by the 
Editor. F. M. signify Four Masters. 



b Brenann ofSiror i. e. St. Brendan of 
Birr, in the King's County, of whom, see 
Four Masters, A. D. 571, p. 206; and 
Adamnan's " Vita Columbas," lib. iii. c. 2 ; 
Colgan's Acta SS., p. 193 ; also Lanigan's 



FRAGMENTS OF ANNALS OF IRELAND. 



HREE fragments of Annals of Ireland, extracted 
from a vellum manuscript [the property] of Gilla- 
na-naemh Mac Egan, senior, a man most learned in 
the Irish laws, in Ormond, by Mac Firbis, for the 
use of the Rev. Mr. John Lynch. 

From about the year of Christ 57 1 to about the 
year 910. 




[FEAGMENT I.] 

[A. D. 573.] Kal. The battle of Feimhin a , in which Colman Beg, 
son of Diarmaid [chief of the southern Ui-Neill] was defeated, but he 
himself escaped. Brenann of Biror b quievit in Christo, in the 180th 
year of his age, vel ccc. 

K. K. K. K. K. K. K. I leave these seven years vacant. 

[581.] Kal. The battle of Mannan c , in which Aodhan MacGabrain 
[King of Scotland] was victorious. 

[582, F. M.] The killing of Feradhach Finn d , son of Duach, King 
of Osraighe. He was the third king, who, in the time of Colum Cille, 

went 

"Ecclesiastical History of Ireland," vol. Annals of Tighernach, and of Ulster, A. D. 
ii. p. 38, sq. 581. 

c Manann. i. e. the Isle of Man. See d Feradhach, King of Osraighe, or Os- 



8 

nirhe, -j ap 6 po an pac arhail po innip Colam Cille D'Gob mac 
Qmmipec. 

UpeblaiD mop Do abail an peapa6ai. Clann Conla Do roi- 
ijjeacc Do jabail caije paip: uaip Do Chopca Caoi^De D'peapa- 
Dac mac Ouac, uaip peace pf Do jjabpaD Oppaige Do Copco 
i peace pij Do Oppaijib po ap pie Chopca 



CoccaD lapam Doporh pe CloinD Conla, -\ ap ann po baoipium 
'na uulj, ajup a peoiD uile aige ann; amail ba bep DO na piaib 
cuil^ umpa D'lobap .1. pDiall ap capup a ccpann -j a ccpannoca 
aip^iD, -] a ccopain, -j a n-epgpaDa, DO cabaipc Dpojnam 'p an 
oibce; a mbpanDuib, ~| a ppircealla, ~\ a ccamdin cpeouma pa 
posnum an taoi. 

TCob iom6a imuppo peoiD 05 pfpaDac, papa mop a ngpaD laip, -\ 
Dona ap olc ppic iaD, oip nf cualapom a b% no a mop 6ip no aipgiD, 
05 cpen no ag cpua a n-Oppai^ib, na hip^abra aijipiorh Do cap- 
paing a inmup pin uaD DO cumDac na peD pain. "Can^accap cpa 
a meic D' lonnpoicciD pfpabaij comge an rolcc Do bpeir na peD 
leo. CpeD ap ail Duib, a maca, ol pfpaoach ? Na peoio DO 
bpeir tinn, ol na mic. Nf bfpraoi, ap pfpaDac, uaip olc ppic iaD. 
SochaiDe pa cpaibiupa 50 rnnol ; agup ceaDai^im-pi mo cpaD 
pein Dom naimDib umpu. Ro imngpioc a mic uaD, ajup po ^apporh 
05 airpi^e Dicpa ; rancucap lapam clann Conla, a^up po mapb- 

pao 

sory. Four Masters, A. D. 582, and Note. Corca-Laighdhe. This was the name 

e Aedh, son of Ainmire. He was mo- of the inhabitants of the S. "W. portion of 

narch of Ireland from A. D. 628 to 642. the present county of Cork. O'Driscoll was 

f The race of Connla. i. e. of Connla, chief of this race and territory after the es- 

son of Breasal Breac, ancestor of all the tablishment of surnames in Ireland. It was 

chiefs of Osraighe, except the seven here co-extensive with the present diocese of 

mentioned. Eoss. This interchange of the Kings of 



went to heaven; and this was the reason, as Colum Cille had told to 
Aedh, son of Ainmire 6 . 

Feradhach was seized with great sickness ; [and] the race of 
Connla f came to take a house upon him, because Feradhach, son of 
Duach, was of the Corca-Laighdhe g , for seven kings of the Corca- 
Laighdhe assumed the kingship of Ossory, and seven kings of the 
Osraighi took the kingship of Corca-Laighdhe. 

He afterwards waged war with the race of Connla ; and he was in 
his couch, having all his valuables 11 there, as was the custom of kings 
to have couches of yew around them, in which they had a collection 
of their bars and ingots of silver, and their cups and vessels 1 , to give 
them for service by night, and their chess-men and chess-boards, and 
their hurlets of bronze for day service. 

Many were the valuables in the possession of Feradhach, and great 
was his love of them; but in an evil way did he acquire them, for he 
had not heard of rich or poor in Osraighe, having little or much of 
gold or silver, that he did not seize, to take such property from him 
to ornament these valuables. His sons came to Feradhach, to his 
bed, to carry away the valuables with them. " What is your desire, 
my sons ?" said Feradhach. " To carry away the valuables with 
us," replied the sons. " Ye shall not carry them away," said Feradh- 
ach, " for they were ill-gotten. I have oppressed many in procur- 
ing them, and I consent to be oppressed myself by my enemies on 

account 

Corca Laighdhe and Osraighe is not no- and O'Flaherty's "Ogygia," Part iii., 0.59. 
ticed in the " Tribes and Territories of the ' Vessels, epcpa&a. In the Life of St. 

Corca Laighdhe," printed for the Celtic Darerca the escra is described as a silver 

Society, "MiscelL," p. i, sq. drinking vessel " Quoddam argenteum 

h Valuables, p6t>. Property of any kind; vasculum unde potentibus personis hau- 

gaza, but particularly jewels. See the "Will rire solent quod Hybernica lingua vocatur 

of Cathair Mor, in " Leabhar na gCeart," escra." Brussels MS. 

c 



10 

paD peapaoach, -j puccpaD na peoDa ~\ Do cuaiD peapaoac DO 
cum mrhe. 

fval. i a pi po an ceacpamab fval pp Don 32 fval. cepra 05 an 
Deepr. 

Cfmep Coloim Cille Ipc^rui anno aecacip puae, unoe peDelm 
cecinic : 

Uc lap pfp an che gabra ip in Ifn 
he bpecc baoi i mboinn. 



32 va. peacom. 

]Qal. Q Dm. Dcpc. pioncan ua Gacac Qb Cluana eibnec, 
cfnn monac na hGonpa quieuic in qumca pepia, unDe Colman 
mac eaua cecimr : 



Oia Oapoaom puccab pioncan, 
Ip po gineo ap calmain, 
Qp Oia Oapcaoin ar bar 
Qp mo pliapraib coimgela. 

. Imcium pejimimp Qoba Uaipiobnai^. 
|val. Qo6 UaipioDnac incipic pejnape uni. ann. .1. Cfoo mac 
Oomnaill, mic rHuipceaprai^, mic TTluipfbai^, mic Go^ain. 

pfcc naon oa rraimc pe na pioamna Dap lap Orna TTlupa, 
pa inDail a lama ap an aboinn acci Dap lap an baile. Ouam 

ainm 

j Valuables. "WTiich were really their the twenty-eighth year after it. 

own ; and therefore Feradhach, having vo- ' Boyne. A marginal note opposite these 

luntarily abandoned them, went to heaven, lines says : " Hsec erant in margine," i. e. 

k The 2%th. This correction of the ob- in the margin of the original MS. The 

servation, "I omit 32 years," is itself verses here quoted are not found elsewhere. 

evidently an error ; for, if the last entry m FintannUa Eachach. Who this Finn- 

relating to Feradhach, son of Duach, be- tan was, is not yet cleared up. See Arch- 

longs to the year 582, the year 610 is dall's Monast. Hib., p. 591, and Colgan's 



1 1 



account of them." His sons departed from him, and he took to earnest 
penance. The race of Connla afterwards came and slew Feradhach, 
and carried away the valuables j , and Feradhach went to heaven. 

[594.] Kal. And this is the 24th k [recte 28th] Kal. of the 32 Kals. 
omitted at the Deest. 

The repose [quies, i. e. death] of Colum Cille, in the 7 6th year of 
his age. Unde Fedelm cecinit : 

Alas ! in truth he who was caught in the net ; 
The speckled salmon who was in the Boyne 1 . 

I omit 32 years. 

Kal. A. D. 6 10, FintanUa Eachach, Abbot of Cluain-eidhnech, 
head of the monks of Europe, died on Thursday; hence Colman, son 
of Fergus, sung : 

On Thursday Fintan was born, 
And was conceived upon the earth, 
And on Thursday he died 
Upon my white sheets. 

[605.] Kal. The beginning of the reign of Aedh Uairidhnach 11 . 

Kal. Aedh Uairidhnach began to reign [and reigned] 8 years ; 
i. e. Aedh, son of Domhnall, son of Muirchertach, son of Muredach, 
son of Eoghan. 

On one occasion he came, when a royal prince, to Othain-Mura ; 
he washed his hands in the river which is in the middle of the town. 

Othain 

Acta SS., pp. 350, 355. The first of Ja- TTlupa (Fothain of S. Mura), now Fahan, 

niiary, 610, was Thursday. This date is near Loughswilly, barony of Inishowen, 

not found in any other Annals. county of Donegal. The river is now a 

n Aedh Uairidhnach. Monarch of Ire- very small stream. This singular story 

land from the year 605 till 612. about Aedh Uairidhnach is not found else- 

Othain-Mura. (Dehorn, or pochain where, so far as the Editor knows. 

C 2 



12 

cnnm net habann ap uaice aimnijjcip an baile .1. Ocain. Ra ap 
Don uipce Da cup ma 01516, pa ^ap pfp Da muincip ppip, Q pi, ap 
pe, na cuip an uip^e pin po ca^aiD. C66on ? ap an pi. Qp nap 
Ifm a pd6, ap pe. Cd ndipe aca Duic ap an pipmoe Do pd6 ? ap an 
pij. Qp ea6 po, ap pe, ap paip an uipge pin aca pialcfc na 
clepec. Qn ann, ap an pi, ceiD an clepec pein ap imcel^uD? Qp 
ann 50 Deimm, ap an cocclac. Ni nama, ap an pi, cuippeao pom 
01516, acr cuippeao um bel ~| ibao, ag ol rpi mbolgoma oe, uaip 
ap pacapbaicc Ifm anc uipcce i rceiD a imrelgun. 

Ra hinnipiob pain oo TTlupa, i po alrai^ bui6e Do Dhia ap 
ipip map pin t>o beic 05 Qo6, ~| po jaipmeD cuicce mpoain Qo6 
Qllam, i Qo6 Uaipiobnac amm oile 60, -j a pf6 po pai6 TTlupa 
pip : Q mic lonmain, ap pe, lo^ na haipmioen pin cu^aipi oo'n 
G^laip, ^eallaim-pi Duic i ppiaonaipe Oe pije n-'Gipenn Do ^abail 
50 ^aipio, agup 50 mbepa buaib ~\ copgup DOD naimoib, ~\ mo 
bepa bap anabaib, ~] cairpe copp an coirhofo ap mo laim-pi, ] 
5ui6peao-pa an coimoiD lac, 50 mba cpine bepup cu Don 
bioc. 

Nfop bu6 aan cpa lapDain co po ap Qo6 Qllan pijje 
nGipenn, ] DO pao pfpanna puraca DO TTlupa Ocna. 

Rucc lapam Qo6 Qllan copgaip iom6a Do Caijnib, i Da 
naimDib ap ceana. 

Ro buf cpa occ mbliaDna i pije n-'Gipfnn, -\ pa ap jalap 

baip 

p Jakes, pmlcec. i. e. veil-house, i. e. throughout ; and wherever, in this legend, 

latrina, the Temple of Clausina. our author has Aedh Allan, we must read 

q Another name. This is a mistake ; for Aedh TJairidhnach. For all that is known 

Aedh Allan, monarch of Ireland, flourished of the history of St. Mura Othna [or Mura 

from A. D. 7 34 to 743, whereas Aedh Uair- of Fothain Othna (for Fothna] is the gen. 

idhnach came to the throne in the year 605, of Fothain], see Dr. Todd's Irish Nennius ; 

and died in 6 1 2. This mistake is continued Appendix, "Duan Eirennach." In the 



'3 

Othain is the name of the river; and it is from it the town is named 
Othain. He took of the water to put it on his face, but one of his 
people checked him: " King," said he, " do not put that water on 
thy face." " Why so ?" said the King. " I am ashamed to tell it," 
replied he. " What shame is it for thee to tell the truth ?" said the 
King. " This is it," said he : " It is upon this water the jakes p of the 
clergy is situated." " Is it into it," said the King, " the [chief] cleric 
himself goes to stool ?" " It is verily," replied the young man. 
" Not only then," said the King, " will I put it [the water] upon my 
face, but I will put it into my mouth, and I will drink it" (drinking 
three sups of it), " for to me the w r ater into which his faeces drop is a 
communion." 

This was told to Mura, and he returned thanks to God for Aedh's 
having a faith like this ; and he afterwards called unto him Aedh 
Allan ; and Aedh Uairidhnach was another name q for him. And 
Mura said to him: "Beloved son," said he, "I promise to thee, in 
the presence of God, the reward of that veneration which thou hast 
shown to the church : [viz.] that thou shalt obtain the sovereignty of 
Erin soon, and that thou shalt gain victory, and triumph over thy 
enemies; and thou shalt not be taken off by a sudden death, but thou 
shalt take the body of the Lord from my hand ; and I will pray to 
the Lord that thou inayest depart old from this world." 

It was not long after this until Aedh Allan assumed the kingdom 
of Erin ; and he granted fertile lands to Mura-Othna. 

Aedh Allan afterwards gained many victories over the Leinster- 
men, and his enemies in general. 

He was eight years in the sovereignty of Erin, and then his death 

sickness 

margin of the MS. is this note : " Vide nac sunt diver si :" i. e. Aodh Allan and 
infra, p. 15, Qo& Gllcm et Qo& Uaipiob- Aodh Uairidhnach are different persons. 



14 

baip anopin Gob Qllan, "] pa cuap uab ap cfnn TTlupa. 
TTlupa, i po pdi6 an pf pip : C[ cleipi, ap pe, pap meallaip, uaip 
DO paopum paill ap dp n-airpie, uaip oo paoileamap cpeo 
bpeicippi beic 50 mba cpfn me im bfcaib : "] an Dap linn aca bap 
i ppacup Darn. Qp pip, ap an cleipeac, acd bap i ppo^jup Daic, 
1 pa eimbfbeab DO paoal ~] ruccaip peipcc an coimbfb, ~\ innip 
561 nf DO pinip in pa cpdibip an coimDib. InDippfo, ap an pf, 
hub DOI Ifm DO cpdb an coirh6f6. Ra puabpap, ap pe, pip 
'6ipenn DO nnol DO cum an cpleibepi raip .1. Capplaoi^ Da corh- 
apDuccaD ruap, ~| rfac Dfrhop DO bfnarh ann, ~\ apf6 pob ail 50 
ppaicirea cene an ci 51 pin ^ac rpdrnona i mbpfrnaib, "] i n-Qipiup 
^aoiDiol, -] pa peaDap po ba Diomap mop pain. 

Pob olc pin, ap an cleipeac, "] nf hf6 pin po cimiDibf6 Do pao^al. 

17a puaibpiup Dono, ap an pi, Dpoicfo Do bfnam i cCluam 
IpdipD, i a bfnam 50 miopbalra pium co po maipfb m'amrhpi paip 
50 bpdr. 

Ra innip neiri imoa amlaib pin. 

Nf nf Dib pin, ap an cleipeac, cimDibiup Do paojal. 

Qcd Dono agum nf oile, ap an pf .1. an mipgaip puil agom Do 
Lai^nib ; uaip apeab pob ail Dam a ppip uile Do cimap^am DO cum 
cara, "] a mapbab uile ann, a mna "] a moaib Do rabaipc ppi 
pognarh DO Uib Neill. Sinni ruaipceapc n-'Gipfnn Do rapaipc po 
TTlibe, i pip TTIibe pop Cainib. Uc, uc, cpa, ap an cleipeac 

apfb 

1 Carrlaegh. Carrleagh, a mountain bridges, in the year 6 1 2, when King Aedh 

near Ailech, in the barony of Inishowen, TJairidhnach died ? It is very much to be 

county of Donegal. suspected that this romantic story was 

* Airiur Gaeidhel. i.'e. regio Gadelio- written after the introduction of Norman 
rum, now Argyle, in Scotland. towers and castles into Ireland. 

* That was lad. Did the Irish erect u Cluain-Iraird. Now Clonard, in the 
palaces of great altitude, or great stone county of Meath. 



sickness seized on Aodh Allan, and he sent for Mura. Mura came, 
and the King said to him : " cleric," said he, " thou hast deceived 
us, for we have neglected our penance, because we thought that 
through thy word it would come to pass that we should be aged in 
life, and now, methinks, death is near me." " It is true," said the 
cleric, " death is near thee ! and thy life has been cut short, and thou 
hast incurred the anger of the Lord ; and tell what thou hast done 
by which thou hast offended the Lord." " I will declare," replied the 
King, " what I think has offended the Lord: I desired," said he, " to 
collect the men of Erin to this mountain to the east ; i. e. Carrlae^h 1 , 

7 O ~ 

to raise it, and to erect a very great house upon it ; and my wish was, 
that the fire of that house, every evening, might be seen in Britain, 
and in Airiur-Gaeidhe? ; and I know that that was a great pride." 

" That was bad"*, replied the cleric ; " but that is not what has cut 
short thy life." 

" I also desired," said the King, " to build a bridge at Cluain- 
Iraird u , and to build miraculously, that my name might live upon it 
for ever." 

He also told many things of a similar nature. 

" It is not any thing of these," said the cleric, " that shortened thy 
life." 

" I have another thing to tell," said the King : " the hatred which 
I have, for the Leinstermen; for my wish would be, to collect all their 
men to battle, and to kill them all therein, and to bring their women 
and their slaves to serve theUi-Neill w ; to bring our race in the north 
of Erin into Meath, and to settle the men of Meath in Leinster." 

" Alas ! 

w The Ui-Neill. L e. nepotes Neill, i. e. head and King. St. Mura was the patron 
the race of Niall of the Nine Hostages, of of the Cinel-Eoghain, or Race of Owen, 
whom Aedh Uairidhnach was at this time who formed a large section of this family. 



i6 

apfb pin po cimOibib oo paogalpo, uai]i an cineab pin ap miop- 
caip lacpa .1. Caijin, araar naoim 05 fpnaigue leo ppiabnaipi an 
coimbfb, "| ap moo aca bpijjio, -\ ap cpepe od n-ipnai^re anodp 
oom ipnaigui pi. dec cfna ap rpocap caonuppac an coimbiu, -\ 
ofna hiobpaipc pein no t>ap cfnn haingioeacra pin po Baoi ID 
cpome oo Loi^mb 50 pabaip a pplairiup ap buairie map an plaicmp 
aimpiopba. 

l?a hongab an pain an pi, "| po caic copp ann coimofb, ") puaip 
bap po cfmiaip, "| oo cuaib oo cum neime. 

Sfcc ]\al pfchom. 

Inicium pe^imimp TTiaoilcoba. 

fval. TTlaolcoba mac Qoba, mic Ctinmipec pegnauic cpibup 
annip. Scella uipa hopa cepna Oiei. 

fal. 

"jQal. ^uin TTiaoilcoba mic Qoba la Suibne TTlenn mic piachna. 
C[uiep Oiapmaoa cepcn abbacip Cluana Ipaipo. Inicium pegimi- 
nip Suibne TTlinn. 

]Qal. Suibne mfnn po ^ap pfje n- 7 6ipenn i noeajaib TTiaoilcoba 
;nn. bliabna 50 rcopchaip la Con^al caec mac Scanlam. 

Lao. aen o'piacna o'araip an Suibne pin 05 oul opiupa 
aparaip, uaip niop bo pi piom inp, Oo pao Oa mfnmain arhail po 
^;ab cac a noeagaib a cele pije na WGipenn. "Cainicc miab 
meanman "| moioccbala mopa pae, -\ painc pie na h-'6ipenn oo 
^abdil 06, -j cami^ peime oa rai, -\ pa innip oa mnaf, i a pfb po 
paib a bfn pip: uaip nac pa puabpuip gup anoiu pin, ap pi, nf 

paicim 

1 Immolate. See Dr. Reeves's note on * Maelcolha. He began his reign in 

the signification of this word. Adamnan, in the year 612; " Ogygia," p. iii., c. 98, 

p. 435. and was slain in 6 1 5. 

* Seven years In the margin: "De- "A star. The appearance of this star is 

eunt hie 7 Kal." not mentioned in any other Annals. 



" Alas ! alas !" said the cleric, " this is what has shortened thy life ; 
for this people, which is hateful to thee, i. e. the Leinstermen, have 
saints to pray for them before the Lord, and Brigit is greater than 
I, and her prayers are more powerful than my prayers. But, how- 
ever, the Lord is merciful and forgiving, and do thou immolate 1 
thyself to him for the cruelty which was in thy heart towards the 
Leinstermen, that thou mayest be in a kingdom more lasting than 
thy temporal kingdom. 

The King was then anointed, and he took the body of the Lord, 
and, dying immediately, went to heaven. 

I omit seven years y . 

[6 1 2.] The beginning of MaelcobhaV reign. 

Kal. Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, reigned three 
years. A star a was seen the third hour of the day. 

Kal. 

[615.] Kal. The killing of Maelcobha, son of Aedh, by Suibhne 
Menn, son of Fiachna. The repose of Diarmaid b , third Abbot of 
Cluain-Iraird. The beginning of the reign of Suibhne Menn. 

Kal. Suibhne Menn assumed the sovereignty of Erin after Mael- 
cobha, for thirteen years, until he was slain by Congal Caech, son of 
Scanlan. 

One day, as Fiachna d , the father of this Suibhne, was going to 
visit his ploughing for he was not at all a king he called to mind 
how persons succeeded to each other in the sovereignty of Erin ; he 
was seized with great pride of mind and ambition, and a covetousness 

of 

b Diarmaid, The death of this third father of the Irish monarch, Suihhne Menn, 
Abbot of Clonard is not recorded in the is not given by any of the other Annalists, 
published Annals, nor noticed by Archdall. nor even by Keating, who was very fond 

c Was slain. In the year 628. of giving stories of the same kind. It is 

d Fiachna This story of Fiachna, the clearly not very old. 

D 



i8 



paicim a cuibbe pe pfp eaopa %up DO pfncaccab i ppeacepa 
copnam pie, uaip ni - 6f i cope, ap peipiom, na caipmip^ 
imum ; ace euceup lint) ajfjup biab ipci, ap pe, a^up cinoleup maiee 
innac cuccainn, "] cabaip lop boib; a<5up ^aipmib a mnaoi cuicce 
anbpam ~| compaicib ppia, agup 506 iTnyiaDhab pa bui peirhe na 
mCnmain pa cuip pa coimpepc ua6, "] ap ac an mnaoi pa baoi an 
rimpaohab pa baoi aicipiurii mp pin, i ap ano pin pa coimppeb 
an Suibne TTlfnopa a mbpoinn a rharap. In can cpa pa eipigpirh 
6 mnaoi, ao bfpc an bfn: an ocmolpaibeap cac ipecac ap pi? 
Ctcc, app piachna, Ni Dingnim ap ppocuibeb pein .1. pije pfpca 
GO copnarh. Uuigceap appin mpam conio t>a ai^niub mop pem- 
reccac na Dcuipci^ciD Do bepat) na clanna ai^enca mopa. 

La Dono t>on cSuibne pi na gilla 65 na caicc -j a bfn, pa pam 
pia rhnaoi ; ap lon^nab liom, ap pe, a lai^fo po ap 6 Cenel 
Gogain n^fpnup pop cac inoppa : apeb pa paib an bfn cpe cenel 
pocuiobeb, ci6 t>uiDpi, ap pf, gan cpuap bo bfnarh, ~\ bul pompa bo 
coccab ppia cac, -j copjup bo bpeic 50 mime. Qp amlaib pin 
biap, ap eipiorh. 

Uainispim lap pin amac agup pe apmca pa maibin ap na 
bdpac, i bo pdla occlaoc bo luce ....-] eipibe apmca, ~\ bo 
pome compac ppip 50 po giall an coglac bo pmb'^ae 66, i po 
iall plua^ mop bo arhlaib, ~| po ^ab pije n-'6ipenn. 

Kal. ITlopp Suibne TTlinn. 

[7150 

e The race of Eoghan. i. e. the descen- ach, son of Muirchertacli, son of Muiredh- 

dants of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine ach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Mne 

Hostages (ancestor of the O'Neills and Hostages, and was monarch of Ireland for 

other families of Ulster), father of Mui- thirteen years. He was slain by Congal 

redhach, the great-grandfather of Suibhne Claen, King of Ulidia, according to the 

Menn. See next note. Four Masters, in 623, but, according to the 

f The death of Suibhne Menn. He was Annals of Ulster, in 627 ; the true year was 

son of Fiachna, whowasthesonofFeradh- 628. See O'Flaherty's "Ogygia," Part 



of assuming the sovereignty of Erin ; and he came on to his house 
and told his wife so; and his wife said to him: " As thou hast not 
desired this till this day," said she, " I do not see its meetness in a 
man of thy age and antiquity now to contend for a kingdom, for not 
- " " Hold thy peace," said he ; " do not hinder me ; but let 
ale and food be brought into the house, and let noble chieftains be 
invited to us, and let them have abundance." And he then called his 
wife to him, and cohabited with her, and all the aspirations which he 
had had previously in his mind he expelled from him by coition, after 
which the woman possessed the imaginations which he had had 
previously; and it was then this Suibhne Menn was conceived in his 
mother's womb. When he arose from the woman, the woman 
said : " Shall all be collected to the house," said she. " No," replied 
Fiachna, " we shall not mock ourselves by contesting for a kingdom." 
From this it is to be understood that it is from the previous aspiring 
notions of the parents that ambitious children are begotten. 

One day, when this Suibhne was a young man, at his house with 
his wife: " It is a matter of wonder to me," said he, " how few of the 
race of Eoghan 6 have, up to this time, taken chieftainship over all." 
And the woman said, in a kind of derision, " Why dost not thou," 
said she, " exercise hardihood, and go in their van to fight with all, 
and to gain frequent triumphs ?" " It is so it shall be," said he. 

He afterwards came forth armed on the following day, and he 
met a young hero of the people of . ... who was armed, and he 
fought with him, and the young hero submitted to him at the point 
of a spear, and a great host submitted to him likewise, and he assumed 
the sovereignty of Erin. 

[628.1 Kal. The death of Suibhne Menn f . 



iii, c. 93. There is a chasm here of nearly the matter is nearly supplied by the se- 
a whole century from 628 to 714; but cond Fragment, to be presently given. 



20 



[715.] Pogapcac huaCfpnaig t>o pibipi na pie, unoe t>iccrum : 
Seppa poguprac an plair 
Qni fpoa op biu bfp 
Gn ran ap mbep nf bf nf 
lap pin ap pi pia cinn mfp. 

[716.] "jQal. Cumupcc aonai Uaillcen la poguprac i copcaip 
mac TTlaoilpuba -\ mac Dumnpleibe. 

[717.] fval. (Inapcapiup Quguprup pellicup. ppop meala 
pluic pupep poppam Caginopum : pluic eciam ppop aipgmi n-Ocain 
moip, ppop cpmuneacca i n-Orain mbicc. Uunc nacup epc Niall 
Cont>ail, mac peap^ail, unDe Niall Ppopac uocacup epr. 

CoponuccaD pfoaip Qppcol t>o ^abdil DO muinnp lae poppo; 
uaip coponuccat) Simom Dpua6 po baoi poppo co niece pin, amail 
apeD po baoi pop Colom cille pein. 

[718.] ]Qal. UheoDopiup impepau anno uno. 

[719.] ]Qal. Leo impepac annip i^. 

[720.] ]?al. InDpfo TTlai^e bpea la Caualmac pionn^ume, pf 
TTlurhan, ] TTlupchab mac mbpain pi Laifn. Inpfo Cai^fn la 
peapjal mac TTlaoilDuin. In apailib leppaib aipipfn po^abam 
comab ipm cpfp bliabain pemaino, .1. an oeacmha6 bliabain 

plaiciupa 

s Fogartach Ua Cernaigh. See Four Blackwater, in Meath, midway between 

Masters, A. D. 712, 714, 719. The An- Navan and Kells. See Four Masters, 715, 

nals of Ulster give the dates thus : 713. and Ulster, 716. 

" Fogartach hua Cernaigh, de regno ex- * Anastasius. i. e. Anastasius II., re- 

pulsus est, in Britanniam ivit" 715. Fo- signed in January, 716. 

gartach nepos Cernaigh, iterum regnat." j Othain-mor. Now Fahan, near Lough 

He became undisputed monarch of Ire- Swilly, in the barony of Inishowen. 

land in 719 [O'Flah., 722], but was slain Othain-Beg is a subdivision of Othain- 

by Cinaeth, his successor, in 724. mor. See p. n, n. , supra. These three 

h Tailltin, now Teltown, on the River showers are noticed by the Four Masters 



21 

[715-] FogartachUa Cernaigh g , again in the sovereignt}^ unde 
dictum est : 

Fogartach the chieftain prevails. 
What is noble is above the world. 
When he says there is nothing, 
After that he is king before a month. 

[7 1 6.] Kal. The confusion of the fair of Tailtinn h by Fogartach, 
in which fell the son of Maelrubha, and the son of Donnsleibhe. 

[717.] Kal. Anastasius 1 Augustus pellitur. A shower of honey 
fell upon the foss of Leinster. It rained also a shower of silver at 
Othain Mor>, and of wheat at Othain Beg. Then was born Niall 
Condail, son of Ferghal, whence he was called Niall Frosach [i. e. of 
the showers]. 

The tonsure of Peter the Apostle k was taken by the family of la, Vi 
for it was the tonsure of Simon Magus they had till then, as had Coluin 
Cille himself. 

[718.] Kal. Theodosius 1 imperat anno uno. 

[7 1 9.] Kal. Leo m imperat annis novem. 

[720.] Kal. The plundering of Magh Breagh n by Cathal, son of 
Finguine, King of Munster, and Murchadh, son of Bran, King of 
Leinster. The plundering of Leinster by Ferghal, son of Maelduin. 
I find in other books that it was in the third year preceding ; i. e. the 

tenth 

at A. D. 716, and by the Annals of Ulster Ann. Tighern. See Bede's Eccles. Hist., 

at 717. The true year is 7 1 5 . Niall Fro- lib. v., c. 21 ; Reeves' sAdamn., xlvii., 350. 

sach, who received his cognomen from ' Theodosius. Meaning Theodosius III., 

having been born in the year in which A. D. 717. 

these remarkable showers fell, was mo- m Leo. A. D. 718. 

narch of Ireland from 763 to 770. n MaghBreagh. A large plain in Meath. 

k The tonsure of Peter the Apostle. " A.D. Four Masters, 717; Annals of Ulster, 720 

7 1 8. Tonsura coronse super familia lae." [721]. 



22 

plairiupa peap^ail DO jniuea an cmnpabpa Cai^fn, ~| gomab na 
bi^ail cdinic TTlupchab mac bpain 50 pfpaib TTlurhan D'inDpfb 
TTlaije bpea. S 1 ^ bliabain Dib pin cpa Do pigne peapjal 
inopaba mopa i Lai^nib .1. alopgab ~\ a no66, "| a mapbaD, -j pa 
jeall nac anpab ne pin, no 50 rcugra 60 an boporha po rhaic 
pinnacca Do TTlolinj, -\ 50 Dcu^ra bpai^De 66 pe ci^eapnap ) 
pep in ciup. Do paDpac laigin bpaigoe 66, -| pa jeallpac an 
cfp. 

Ip inD aimpip pin Do pi^ne peapjal paipnni Da rhacaib .1. 
o'Qoo Qllan, ajup DO Niall CunDail, [DOE njoipuf Niall ppa- 
pach] i ap ap po po dp Dopom on. 

.1. La cancarcup cuicce DO h-Clilfc Ppigpfnn, .1. Cfo6 an mac 
ba moo .1. oclac glic, amnup, beo6a, aDacomnaicpiDe, ap arhlaib 
cdini^ 50 mbuiDnib mopa bajapmra ime DO cum Qlij. Qp 
amlaiD imuppo cainig an mac ba poo, 50 ciuin -\ 50 mfpapDa, 50 
pfDarhail, ~] co n-uaicib, -| appeo po pdiD ap anappaiDe pein, -j ap 
onoip Da araip : ap copa Dampa, ap pe, Dol ap aoiohecu amac 
ma aipipim Da 01516 agaDpa anocr. Cia oia cramDuipi, a mic, 
ap an racaip, pin DO pd6 ? "| an mac ap pimu caoi, agap acapaiDe 
cpf coimlfon ppicpa [ci6 paoepa] gan Danocc agaD im raipipim i 
n-Qileac mocc amhail acapum 05 caipipim co n-a muincip ? l?a 
pa6 maic Ifmpa, ap Niall, co nDeapnaDpom inaile ceDna ppicpa. 
Ni pa^a iDip anocc, a mic, ap peapgal, agup bia6 i ppappaD 
cacap i DO mdcap. 

Ruccab 

Whichever year. The Four Masters q A prediction i. e. a surmise, conjee- 
state that Leinster was five times devas- ture, or opinion concerning their future 
tated by the Ui-Neill, in the ninth year of careers. This account of Perghal and his 
the reign of Ferghal. sons is not in any other accessible Annals, 

p Boromean tribute. See Annals of the and it evidently found its way into Mac 

Four Masters, A. D. 106, p. 100. Egan's vellum Book from some romantic 



2 3 

tenth year of the reign of Ferghal [721] this plundering of Leinster 
took place, and that it was in revenge for it that Murchadh, son of Bran, 
came with the men of Munster to plunder Magh Breagh. But which- 
ever year it was, Ferghal committed great depredations against the 
men of Leinster; i. e. he burned, consumed, and killed them, and he 
vowed that he would not desist until he was paid the Boromean 
tribute 1 * which Finnachta had remitted to Moling, and until hostages 
were given him for [i. e. in acknowledgment of his] lordship and the 
tribute. The Leinster-men gave him hostages, and promised the rent. 

At this time Ferghal gave out a prediction* 1 to his sons : viz., 
Aedh Allan and Niall Condail, and the cause of his doing so origi- 
nated thus : 

On a certain day they came to him to Ailech-Frigrinn r : viz. 
Aedh the elder son, who was a cunning, fierce, lively young hero, 
and he came to Ailech surrounded by numerous well-armed troops ; 
but the younger son came silently, modestly, and peaceably, with few 
attendants; and he said, to humble himself and to honour his father : 
" It is fitter for me," said he, " to go and lodge out than to remain 
thy guest to night." " What induces thee to say this, my son," said 
the father, " while my elder son, who has thrice thy number [of atten- 
dants] is staying at Ailech to-night ? Why hast thou not the same 
confidence to remain at Ailech to-night as he has, in remaining with 
his people ?" " I should like," replied Niall, " that he would do the 
very same towards thee." " Thou shalt not depart hence to-night, 
son," said Ferghal, " but thou shalt remain with thy father and 

thy mother." 

After 

story, probably no longer extant. Hill, near Lough Swilly, in the barony of 

r Ailech Frigrinn. So called from Frig- Inishowen. For the history of this place, 

renn, the builder of the fort; now Greenan- see the Ordnance Memoir of the Parish 

Ely, an ancient cyclopean fort on Greenan of Templemore, published in 1835. 



24 

Ruccab lap pin an mac bu6 pine, ,1. Qoo, 'p in P ] 5 c ^ ^P cona 
mumncip. Ruccab Dno an mac 65 .1. Niall i cceac naoibinn 
noeppiD. Ra ppicaijjio lapccain, ~] pa b'ail Don auaip a noeapbab 
maille, "| canaicc a noeipeo oibce Do cum an caie i paibe an 
mac ba pine, ~] pa baoi ace cloipcecc ppipin cfc pin : ap ofgaip 
cpa palac pa bap 'p ari cal & P n - ^ a baccap puippeoipi, ~] cain- 
ce6a, i eaclaca, i obloipi, -) baclai 5 ag bfcfooig -] ace buipebaig 
arm ; opeam 05 61, "| opeam na ccoolab, 1 Dpeam 05 pgeacpai^, 
opeam occ cuplfnriai^ ~\ oc pfccuipi^; cimpanaij; -\ cpuicipi 05 
pfnmain; opeam 05 imapba^aD, ~| oc pfpbagaib. QD cuala pfp- 
jjal arhlaiD pin iaD, agap caini^ lap pin o'mnpoiccio an caije 
DeppiD i paba an mac ap poo, "| pa baof ag cloipcfcc pip an cfc 
pin, i nf cuala nac nf ann ache acluccab buibe Do Ohia [pa] 
506 nf puapacrup, ~\ cpuicipecc cium bfno, i Duana molra an 
coimDeD 501 n^abail, ~) pa aipi an pi co mop uamon "] 5pa6 an 
coimoeD ipin cai^ pin. 

Udinig an pi ap a haicle pin Da leabaiD pem, -j rucc 50 
mop Da u(6 puibiuccab an Da rfc pin. 

'Camic maoam moccpac pan cfc mop i paba an mac ba pine, 
-| ap inbfccam pa peD raball an cai^e pa imaD pgearpaije -j 
palcaip i bpfncacab, -| imao con oc ice p^eaupai^e. Cac imuppo 
uile na ppeanDpaboi^ [no i Dcoipchim puain] ipcai^ arhail beiccfp 
mapb, ^enmoca mac an pi pein ; ap amlaib imuppo po baoipibe 
ina coDlab amail pa beic 05 ipnaibe caua ~] pe na pij;leabaib, 
p^iac mop ba leiu elf, ~] Da Ifuga lanmopa Da leic Dep : claiDeab 
mop inrlaipi opDuipn pop apliapaiD, analpaDac mop imac ^ ipreac 
r>d cup bo, amail nacaoa ouini Da cup ap upeipi -] ap cpicce. 

Nfop 

5 Snaring. There is probably here some the meaning doubtless is, that some were 
defect of transcription ; the words left out snoring, and others were lying senseless 
are probably no in-a o-coipchim puain : as if dead. 



2 5 

After this the eldest son, Aedh, was brought into the great regal 
house with his people ; but the younger son, Niall, was conveyed 
into a beautiful private apartment. They were afterwards served 
[with food and drink], and the father wished to test them both ; 
and he came, towards the end of the night, to the house where the 
eldest son was, and he remained to listen to [what was going on in] 
that house. They were indeed very dirty in that house. There 
were jesters, and lampooners, and horseboys, and clowns, and buf- 
foons, roaring and vociferating there, some drinking, some sleep- 
ing, and some vomiting ; some piping, some whistling ; tympanists 
and harpers playing ; some disputing, some quarrelling ! Ferghal 
heard them [getting on] so; and he afterwards came to the pri- 
vate house in which the younger son was [lodged], and he remained 
listening to [what was going on in] that house; but he heard nothing 
there but thanksgiving to God for all that they had received, and 
gentle, melodious harp-playing, and songs of praise to the Lord being 
sung; and the King perceived that the fear and love of God were 
in that house. 

After this the King returned to his own bed, and he meditated 
deeply in his mind the condition of these two houses. 

Early in the morning he came into the great house in which 
the elder son was, and it was with difficulty he could remain in 
the house, in consequence of the vomiting, filth, and stench, and the 
number of hounds that were eating the vomits. And all the per- 
sons in the house were snoring 8 [or sleeping] as if they were dead ! 
except the King's son alone ; but he was sleeping in his royal 
bed [in such a posture] as if he were awaiting a battle, a large 
shield on his left side, and two great half darts on his right, a long 
polished golden-hilted sword on his thigh, and he inspiring and respir- 
ing as if another man were putting him to his strength and dexterity ! 

E Ho 



26 

Nfop peb Duo puipec paip ipcai pa meD pob elneijce an c-aep 
ipm cij; pin, -] cainijj ipm cfc i poibe an mac ba poo, -j 510 poill cai- 
nicc, pa aipij an mac 65 e, uaip nfp bo coDlab 66, ace 05 juibe an 
coimbeD pa baoi. Ra eipig po ceooip i n-aiib a arap Don Depgub 
pfogba i poibe, uaip ap amlaib pa baof, ~\ map ppoill line 50 cciurh- 
paib oip i aipgiD, i po oplaij; an cfc pe na araip, ) 6 rainig an 
cacaip ipcfc DO paD Da laim po bpagaiD a mic, -\ DO paD pog DO, 
-] cancacup maille gup po puibfoup pop an Dep^ub pfo^oa ; pa 
paij an mac compaD ap cup ap an acaip, ~| apf6 po paiD ; a acaip, 
ap pe, an Dap linn ap impnfmhac nfmcoDolcac pugaip an aDai j; 
apeip ap, apf6 ap Ifc anopa coolab pin leabaib pin 50 cpdc eipje 
DO 16. Do pi^ne an c-acaip arhlaib, ") map cdinig cpcic eipje DO 
16 pa ep^eDop imaille, ~\ pa paib an mac ppia a acaip : Q araip 
inrhain, ap pe, apfb ap coip bine plebuccab buinn male ppia 
pepunn, uaip mapaib ogainn Ifc na Dcugab DO biab ~| DO lionn 
uaiDpi a peip Duin, a^ap n( rappnaig bo pain inuaip cu^paD cim- 
chipDi an mac Ifpoap mop Ian bo rhfob ~\ biab laimomba, ) pa 
ple^aibpioc 50 caoi peiceamail i maille anopin. 

'O po eipij cac, cdimj an pi amac na cfc pein, i po innip i 
ppiajnaipi caic amail no biab coijre na Da mac UD, ~\ a Dubaipc 
50 ngebab an mac pa pine pie ~\ 50 mab cpeabaip, cpoba, beoba, 
cpeapac, papcolac a pige. Qn mac ba lu a imuppo, co ngebab pi^e 
50 cpaibbeac conDail, -j 50 mab cluac pfo^ba a clann, "] 50 ngeb- 
Daip pi^e an Dapa peal. Ipeb Dono pin po corhailleb co nuigi pin. 

Ingfn Dno Conjail mic peapgupa pdnaD, macaip an mic ba 
pine i po clic pug pi an mac pin .1. C(ob Qllan, agup po be po 

abbap 

* Pure-minded. The word cont>ail is was monarch, of Ireland from the year 704 

glossed innpaic (worthy, pure, honest), to 711. See Annals of the Fours Masters, 

in H. 3, 1 8, p. 653. A. D. 702, Annals of Ulster, A. D. 704, 

u Congal, son of Fergus of Fanaid. He andO'Flaherty's " Ogygia," Part iii., c. 93. 



2 7 

He [the King] was not able to remain in the house in consequence 
of the great corruption of the air within it ; and he came on to the 
house in which the younger son was, and, though he came stealthily, 
the young son perceived him, for he was not asleep, but praying to 
the Lord. He rose up at once, to meet his father, from the royal 
couch on which he was, for he was dressed in a satin tunic, with 
borders of gold and silver, and he opened the house for his father ; 
and when the father entered the house, he folded his arms around the 
neck of his son, and kissed him, and they came together and sat upon 
the royal couch, and the son first began the conversation with the 
father, and said : " Father," said he, " thou hast, methinks, passed the 
last night pensively and sleeplessly, and thou oughtest now to sleep 
in this bed till the rise of day." The father did so ; and as the day 
appeared, both arose up together, and the son said to the father : " Dear 
father," said he, " thou oughtest to entertain us in reason, for we 
have still remaining half what was given by thee last night to us of 
food and of drink ;" and he had not finished [these words] when 
servants brought him a second great vessel full of mead and various 
viands, after which they feasted together silently and calmly ! 

When all had arisen, the King came forth into his own house, and 
told, in the presence of all, how the houses of his two sons were; and 
he said that the elder son would assume the sovereignty, and that 
he would be firm, brave, and vigorous, severe and self-willed, during 
his reign ; also that the younger son would assume the sovereignty, 
and that he would be pious and pure-minded 1 , and that his descen- 
dants would be illustrious and royal, and that they would assume the 
sovereignty alternately. And this was verily fulfilled so far. 

Now the daughter of Congal, son of Fergus of Fanaid u , was the 
mother of the elder son, and it was secretly she brought forth that 
son ; i. e. Aedh Allan, and this is the reason why Ferghal had this 

E 2 girl 



28 

abbap beire po clir na hm^ine 05 peapjal : a hacaip, .1. Congal 
Da hibbaipc Don coimDib "j a beic a caillceacc, 1 DO paD a haraip 
lomao 6ip ~\ aipgiD, agup cpuib Di a coirheo a gfnupa. <5'beab 
cpa pa riieall narha coircfnn an ciniuba Daonoa .1. Diabal, i ; Do 
pao spdb opfpgal mac TTIaoilDuin, -\ DO pao pfp^al spab bipi. 
l?o compaigfeao Dno maille peapjal "| mgfn Conjail CinDma^- 
aip. Rfo^DoTTina Gipfnn an can pin pfpjal. Rf Gipfnn imoppo 
Cental. 17a imp an peap pa Baf fruppa pin DO Congal. ba 
Doili6 imuppo co mop la Congal an pgel pin : .1. a injfn Do meal- 
lab, 1 a Dubaipc na maippfo peap an pgeoil muna ppd^bab pein 
Deimin an p^eoil. Ro baoi lapam peap an p^eoil 05 ipnaibe ^o 
mbeiccip a naoin iona6, peapsal -\ ingfn Conjail, -] map pa bac- 
cup i n-aoin-iona6, peap^al i ingfn Congail, rainig peap an pgeoil 
o'lonnpoi^hib Congail, "| pa innip DO a mbeiu i n-aom-iona6. 
Conjal peime D'ionpoicchi6 an cije i papacrup, "| map pa 
mjfn Conjail eipion co na muincip DO cum an oe, uaip po ba 
jlic amnup ain^ib ipi, amail po bf6 a h-araip, pa poili pon eDac 
pfp^at, "| pa puib pein pop an eDac lapccain. "Camig car mop 
baoi ipcai D'lonpofcciD pfpgail co n-Duaib a copa, -j 50 po pluig 
an cac ploici mopa DO copaib peap^ail. Do paD peapgal an 
lam pfca, "] pa j;ab 'ma plucaic an car, ) pop mapb. 

Ro pej cpa Cental an cfc ime, -| nf paca pfp^al ann. 
poirhe D'innpoigliiD pip an p^eoil, ~| po baib e i n-abamn. 
lapccam D'lonpoi^ib a injme pein, -] pa baoi 05 lappaib lo^ra 
puippe amail bib 65 ipi -| na beccip ciorra paippiorh ppia. San 

compac cliri pin cpd po coimppfo Cfob Qllan. 

Up 

T Ceannmagliair. This place is still so Donegal. See Four Masters, A. D. 702, 

called in Irish, and in the anglicised form note q , and A. D. 1392. In the old trans- 

Xinnaweer. It is situated at the head of lation of the Annals of Ulster Genn-Ma- 

Mulroy Lough, in the territory of Fanaid, gair is referred to as if it were the same 

barony of Kilmacrenan, and county of as Fanaid ; hut it is now considered as the 



girl secretly : her father, Congal, had devoted her to God, and she 
was in a nunnery, and her father had given much gold and silver 
and cattle to her for preserving her virginity. But however, the 
general enemy of the human race, namely, the devil, deceived her; 
she fell in love with Ferghal, son of Maelduin, and Ferghal loved her. 
Ferghal and the daughter of Congal of Ceannmaghair v cohabited 
together. Ferghal, at this time, was a royal heir apparent of Erin, 
and Congal was King of Erin. The man who was [the messenger] 
between them told this to Congal, and Congal was much grieved at 
the news of the seduction of his daughter, and he said that the bearer 
of the story should not live unless he verified it to him. The bearer 
of the story was waiting until Ferghal and the daughter of Congal 
should be in one place; and when they were in one place, the bearer 
of the story came to Congal and told him of their being in one place. 
Congal came forward to the house in which they were, and as the 
daughter of Congal perceived him and his people approaching the 
house, for she was cunning, sharp, and peevish, as was her father, 
she covered Ferghal under the clothes, and afterwards sat upon the 
clothes herself. While Ferghal was in this position, a large cat 
which was in the house came to him, and biting at his legs, devoured 
large pieces of flesh off his legs. Ferghal put down his hand, and 
taking the cat by the throat, choked her. 

Congal searched the house all round, but did not see Ferghal in 
it. He came forward to where the bearer of the story was, and 
drowned him in a river ! He afterwards came to his daughter, and 
asked forgiveness of her because she was [as he supposed] a virgin ! 
that his crime against her might not be upon him w . By this secret 

connexion Aedh Allan was begotten ! 

Now, 

north- west part of it. sin in accusing his daughter, who was a 

w Might not be upon him i. e. that his consecrated virgin, might be forgiven him. 



3 

Qp net bpeir imuppo, Qob QUain, pa fpb a mdraip e Do Dib 
mndib (pa ba caipipi le) Da bd6a6, net pionna6 a h-araip puippe, 
1 na pfpgaibeb an caraip ppia. bfn DO Cinel Conaill Dibpiben 
Dno, -| bfn DO Cenel Gojain. Qn bfn Gojanac rpa map pa jjaip 'na 
Idim an aoibm mbig ndlainn pa Ifonab 6 pdb ~\ 6 peipc na naoibine 
f ; ipfb po pdib pa mnaoi comra, a piup lonmam, ap pi, noca malaipc 
na naoibmepi ap coip, ace ap a coimeD 50 mair. C( pfo po paibpiDi, 
annpa lacpa e ina pe na rhduaip pein, -j ip fpiDe pa fpail poipne a 
bdbub, ap lomorhon peipji a harap. Ra gap peapj hipiDe, -j pa 
cuip an Leanarh pop lap, -] po Deabrhaijpioc maille .1. an Dapa 
Dega anacal, "| an Df oite ga baDuD. ^>i6ea6 po popuaiplij an bfn 
Gojanac an mnaoi oile, i pa jab a huball plujacan 50 pa paorh 
cac ni ma papacrup ac DeabaiD .1. an Ifnam Do Iff'ujaD. Ra 
Ifpaigeab leo map aon lap pin anlfnarh. 

Udpla rpd pfcr aon macaip an Ifnaim ip in rfc i paba an 
lenam a ccmn ceirpe mbliaban, ~| gan a piup DI a beic a mbfcaib. 
Qp ann po baoi an macaorh gd cluici. Do pdla mfnma a 
mdrap paip, ~\ po piappuib cia aop an macaoim UD ap pi ? 
Qpfb pa paiD cac gup bo mac ceirpe mbliaban. Ro jaipm pi 
na mna caipipi UD ap a hamup ~\ apfb pa pdib piu : ap mop an 
col DO pigmupa, ap pi ap imgabail peipge m'arap .1. mac na haoipi 
UD DO malaipc. Ctcr pa pdibpioc na mnd ppiapi : na Dena coippi 
inp, ap piaD, ap e puD an mac pin, ~\ pine pa comeD e. Do pao 
pi aip^eba lomba DO na mndib mprain, i puccab uaice an mac 50 

Dicelra D'innpoiccib a acap pein .1. Pfptal. 

Ing in 

r Cinel- Conaill and Cinel- Eoghain. [Tyrone] and Tir-Chonaill [Tyrconnell], 

These were two kindred races in Ulster O'Neill was, in later ages, the chief of the 

descended from Eoghan and Conall, two one, and O'Donnell of the other ; but be- 

sons of the monarch Niall of the Nine fore the English invasion, Mac Laughlin 

Hostages, who died in 406. They gave was dominant in Tyrone, and O'Muldory, 

names to the territories of Tir-Eoghain or O'Canannan, in Tyrconnell. 



3' 

Now, when Aedh Allan was born, his mother gave him in charge 
to two women (who were dear to her) to be drowned, that her father 
might not discover her crime, or be angry with her. One of these 
women was of the Cinel-Conaill, and the other of the Cinel-Eoghain x . 
When the woman of the Cinel-Eoghain took into her hands the beau- 
tiful little infant, she was filled with love and affection for it, and she 
said to her female companion : " Dear sister," said she, " it is not right 
to destroy this infant, but to preserve it well." The other replied : 
" He is dearer to thee than to his own mother, who commanded us to 
drown him, from fear of the anger of her father." The other became 
angry, and laid the child on the ground, and they fought with each 
other, the one for preserving, and the other for drowning him. But 
the Cinel-Eoghain woman prevailed over the other, and held her by 
the apple of the throat until she consented to her wishes; namely, to 
rear the child. After this both conjointly reared the child. 

On one occasion, at the end of four years, the mother of the child 
happened to come into the house in which the child was, not know- 
ing that he was alive. The child was at his play, and the mother's 
mind was fixed upon him, and she asked : " What age is yon child ?" 
said she. All replied that he was a child of the age of four years. 
She called these trusted women to her, and said to them : " I com- 
mitted a great wickedness," said she, " in destroying a son [who would 
now be] of that age, to escape the anger of my father." But the women 
said to her : "Be not sad at all ;" said they, " yon child is that son, and 
we were they who preserved him." She afterwards gave great rewards 
to the women, and the boy was conveyed away y from them privately 
to his own father, Ferghal. 

Now, 

i Conveyed away. This is a better story cording to Fynes Moryson, was fourteen 
than the account of his descendant Fer- years old before Con O'Neill, Earl of Ty- 
doragh, Baron of Dungannon, who, ac~ rone, knew that he was his son. 



Ingfn imuppo pi Cianacca mdeaip in Neill Conoail, -j hipibe 
bfn ap caoini ~| ap pocpaibe baoi a n-Gipinn na haimpip ; ace 
cfna bd haimbpiec \ 50 pooa, 50 ceding ^up an ccailli naoirh, 50 
Cuaepinn D'lappaib puippipibe epnai^ce Do benam puippe ppip an 
coimoeb t)d pupcace, ~\ Do pinne Cuairpinn pin, ~\ po coimppeb 
Niall lapceam i mbpoinn inline pi Cianacea, ~| pugab lapucain, 
"| api ba pfojan 'Gipenn an can po 05 pfpgal. 

Ci6 pil ann cpa ace 6 po labaip DO na niacaib amail a Duppa- 
map pa a ploi^, ) pa pupail poppa "| ap cac uile leipcionol DO 
nfnarh pan bliabam bub nfpa D'innpoijib Lai^en DO robac na 
bopuTna poppa, uaip nip corhaillpic Lai^in arhail po geallpac. 

. Qb inicio TTlunDi m. occcc.^rnn. ab incapnacione Domini 



Cac Ctlmaine icip Caigniu -\ huib Neill. In cepcio Oecem- 
bpip pa cuipeb an cac pa. Cauip an caca pa .1. an boporha po 
maic pmnacca DO TTlolinj a cobac opfp5al -| ipfb on na pa puil- 
n^eaoop Caijin, nip cucpac Laijm DO Coingpec mac Qon^upa, ~\ 
m cucpac DO Conjal Cinnrha^aip, oa po puilngfccup Dimnib 6 
Congal, agup nf moo Dno pob ail Doib a cabaipc D'pfp^al, uaip 
po caipipni^piDc imbpiaepaib TTlolmg pa jeall na bepca uaca 
cpe bfca an boporha 6 Lai^mb. ba cpom cpa la pfpgal pin .1. 
Laijcjm DO nmfcomall an^eallca ppip, 50 po puacpab pluai^eD 

Dipeacpa 

1 CianacMa A territory in East Meath, as this Queen of Ireland ; that is, of the 

of which Duleek was the capital, inha- raceof Tadhg, grandson of Oilioll Olum. 

bitcd by a sept of the race of Tadhg, See Colgan's " Acta Sanctorum," p. 756. 
son of Cian, son of Oilioll Olum, King of b Almhain. Now Allen, a celebrated 

Munster. hill, situated about five miles to the north 

a Luaithrinn. St. Luchrinna, a virgin, of the town of Kildare. This battle is 

the patroness of the church of Kill-Luaith- entered in the Annals of the Four Masters 

rinne, in the territory of Corann, county at the year 7 1 8, in the Annals of Ulster 

of Sligo. Luchrinna was of the same race at 721, and in the Annals of Tighernach 



33 

Now, the daughter of the King of Cianachta 2 was the mother of 
Niall Condail, and she was the fairest and the mildest woman that 
was in Erin in her time. She was, however, barren for a long time, 
until she came to the holy nun Luaithrinn a to request of her to pray 
to God for her relief; and Luaithrinn did so, and Niall was after- 
wards conceived in the womb of the daughter of the King of Cian- 
acta, and he was born [in due time] afterwards, and she was Queen 
of Erin, with Ferghal, at this time. 

Howbeit when he spoke concerning his sons, as we have said, 
before his hosts, he commanded them and all in general to assemble 
all their forces in the following year to invade Leinster, to force the 
Borumean tribute from them, for the Leinster-men did not perform 
what they had promised. 

[A. M. 5924.] Kal. Ab initio Mundi v.m. dcccc.xxiv. ab incarna- 
tione Domini Dec. xxii. 

[7 2 2.] The battle of Almhain b [was fought] between the Leinster- 
men and the Ui-Neill. In tertio Decembris this battle was fought. 
The cause of this battle was this : the Borumean tribute which Fin- 
nachta had remitted to Moling was demanded by Ferghal, and this 
the Leinstermen would not brook. The Leinstermen had not paid 
it to Loingsech, son of Aengus d , nor to Congal of Cennmaghair 6 , 
though they had suffered sore annoyances from the hands of Congal ; 
neither were they willing to pay it to Fergal, for they insisted upon 

the 

at 722, which last is the true year. It is d Loingsech, son of Aengus. He was 

stated in the Annals of Clonmacnoise that monarch of Ireland from A. D. 695 to 

King Ferghal had 21,000 men in this 704. 

battle, and the Leinster-men only 9000. e Congal of CennmagJiair. He was 

c Moling. i. e. St. Moling, who was monarch of Ireland from A. D. 704 to 

Bishop of Ferns, A. D. 691 to 697. See 711, when Fergal, son of Maelduin, suc- 

Lanigan, vol. iii., pp. 132-135. ceeded. See " Ogygia," Part iii., c. 93. 

F 



34 



Oipeacpa ofrhop uab pop Lfa Cuinn .1. pop Gojan ~| pop Conall 
-| pop Qipjiallaib i TTlibe, an cfcparhab bliabam a plairiupa 
pein, no i cpfpp bliabain Oec, uc quibupoam placec, oo cobac 
na boporha. 

ba paoa cpa po bap 05 an cinolpam, uaip appeb ao beipeb 
peap oo Ceic Cuinn gup a poiceab an puaccpab .1. "06: cci 



Oonnbo ap an pluajab, pa^aopa." Donnbo imuppo mac 6am- 
rpeabrai^e eipibe opeapaib Ropp, a^ap nf oeachaib la na aibci 
a cai a macap imac piarh, -| nf paibe i n-'Gipinn uile bub caoirhe, 
no buo pfpp cpur no t>elb, no ofnam map. Nf paba i n-6ipinn uile 
bub ^piabba, no buo pfgame map, i ap uab bub pfpp pann eppa 

F ! 1 ^o 1 ^ 011 ? a r^ ^ u ^ pO 1 ! 1 Do 5^F ea( ^> 1 t)0 i nD P ma 
o'pie polu, "\ but) pfp piaicni [.i. ingne innclecca] na 

einec ; De quo Oicicup : 

'Qille macaib Donnbo bdib 
6mne a lafb luaibio beoil 
Ctme ogaib Innpi pail 
Ra rojaib cam cpillpi a cpeoip, 

Niap lice ono a rhacaip Oonnbo la pTpjal, 50 ccuccab TTlaol 

rmc 

f During this world's existence. The 
writers of the Ui Neill, among whom 
Adamnan is set down, insisted that the 
great St. Moling obtained a remission of 
this tribute by an equivocation which was 
altogether unworthy of a saint, and there- 



fore many subsequent monarchs of the 
Ui Neill attempted to compel the Leinster- 
men to pay it. See " Annals of the Four 
Masters," A. D. 106, p. 99, and A. D. 
593, p. 216, etseq. 

% LetJi- Chuinn. i. e. Conn's half, i. e. 



the north half of Ireland. 

h Cinel Eoghain. i. e. the race of Eo- 
ghan, or the men of Tyrone [Tir-Eoghain] 
and their relatives. 

' Cinel- Conaill. i. e. the race of Conall, 
or the inhabitants of Tirconnell. 

j Airghialla. i. e. the inhabitants of the 
present counties of Louth, Armagh, and 
Monahan. 

k Donnbo. No account of this personage 
is to be found in any other authority ; and 
this legend must have found its way into 



35 

the words of Moling, to whom it was promised that the Borumean 
tribute should never, during this world's existence 1 , be demanded 
from the Leinster-men. Now Fergal deemed this intolerable ; namely, 
that the Leinster-men should not keep their promise to him, so that 
he ordered a very great and irresistible hosting upon Leth-Chuinn g ; 
i.e. a hosting of the Cinel-Eoghain b , Cinel-Conaill 1 , and Airghialla j , 
and of the men of Meath, in the fourth year of his reign, or in the 
thirteenth, as some will have it, to levy the Borumean tribute. 

Long, indeed, was this muster offerees being carried on, for each 
man of Leth-Chuinn to whom the order came used to say: "If 
Donnbo k come on the hosting, I will." Now Donnbo was a widow's 
son of the Fera-Ross 1 , and he never went away from his mother's 
house for one day or one night, and there was not in all Ireland one 
of fairer countenance, or of better figure, form, or symmetry, than 
he ; there was not in all Erin one more pleasant or entertaining, or 
one in the world who could repeat more amusing and royal stories" 1 , 
than he ; he was the best to harness horses, to set spears, to plait hair, 
and he was a man of royal intelligence in his countenance : of whom 
was said 

Fairer than sons was Donnbo, 

Sweeter his poem than all that mouths rehearse, 

Pleasanter than the youths of Innis-Fail n , 

The brilliancy of his example took the multitude. 

His mother did not permit Donnbo to go with Fergal, until 

Mael-mic-Failbhe, 

the old vellum Book of Nehemias Mac naghan, whose territory extended into the 

Egan from some romantic historical tale present county of Louth. 

on the battle of Almhain, now unknown. m Royal stories. i. e. stories relating to 

1 Fera-Ross. The name of a tribe in- kings. 

habiting the district around the present n Innis-Fail. This was one of the most 
town of Carrickmacross, county of Mo- ancient names of Ireland. 



mic pailbe mic Gpannain rmc Cpiomeainn, comapba Colaim Cille, 
ppia aipic beo ~\ 50 ccuccpaibe Colam Cille Dno Dia cionn 50 
pipeb Oonnbo plan Da cai pein a epic Lai^fn. 

Uocomla Dno peapjjal pop peo. "Ra baceup Dna luce eolaip 
peime, nfp bo maic an c-eolup Do paopaD Do .1. i ccum^aib ^aca 
conaipe ~| in-airhpeDaib gaca conaipe 50 pancuccup Cluain Oobail 
i n-Ctlmain. Qp ann buf Qoban clam Cluana Oobail ap a cinn. 
Oo ponpar t>no na pluai^ a micopcab .T, a aon bo DO rhqpbaD i a 
pinne ap bfpaib na piagnaipi, -] a cfc DO bpeic Da cinn, -] a lopccab; 
confpbfpc an clarii com ba Dijal 50 bpar pop Uib Neill an Dijal 
DO bepeb an coimDiD paippin, ] rainicc an clarh peme 50 pubal 
pfp^ail, -| baccup pio^paib Leire Cuinn uile ap a cinn i pin puball 
in can pin. Ro baoi an clarh 05 acaoine a imniD na ppiajnaipi; nf 
cainig cpiDe neic Dib paip, ace cpibe Conbpfcan mic Congupa pi 
ppfp Ropp, ] a pe6 on na ba haicpec DO Coinbpfcan, uaip ni 
cepna pi DO nfc po baoi ipin puball ace Cubpfcan mac Congupa 
a aonap ap in car. ConaD ann aobepc Cubpfcan : 

QD agap cae pop Deap^ plainD 

Q pip pfp^aile aD glionn ; 

6a6 bponai^ muineip mic TTlaipe 

Qp mbpeic an eai^ Dap cionn, 

66 an claim po gaoD a nDfgaib a Daim, 

TTIaip5 lairh pa coll a mbpao 

Qp ni pimcomapc mac 6pam, ~]pl. 

Qp 

Mael-mic-Failbhe. This may be in- TTlael me pailbe. His date comes very 

tended for Conamhail mac Faillhe, tenth near this period, for he died 710. 

Abbot of Hy, who was of the Airghialla. p Cluain- Dobhail. This name is now 

Tighernach calls him Conmael, and it is forgotten. 

not impossible that our author, who is q Cubretan. This name is not to be 

not very precise, may have called him found in any of the published Irish An- 



37 

Mael-mic-Failbhe , son of Erannan, son of Criomhthann, successor of 
Colum Cille, was pledged for his return alive, and until he pledged 
Colum Cille for himself that Donnbo would return safe to his own 
house from the province of Leinster. 

Fergal proceeded upon his way. Guides went before him, but the 
guidance they afforded him was not good ; i. e. through the narrow- 
ness of each road, and the ruggedness of each pass, until they reached 
Cluain-Dobhail p , at Almhain. And Aedhan the Leper of Cluain- 
Dobhail was there before them. The hosts ill-treated him : they 
killed his only cow, and roasted it on spits before his face, and they 
unroofed his house and burned it ; and the Leper said that the ven- 
geance which God would wreak on the Ui-Neill, on his account, would 
be an eternal vengeance ; and the Leper came forward to the tent 
of Fergal, where the kings of Leth-Chuinn were before him. The 
Leper complained of the injuries done him, in their presence ; but the 
heart of none of them was moved towards him, except the heart of 
Cubretan q , son of Congus, King of Fera-Eoss; and for this Cubretan 
had no reason to be sorry, for of all the kings who were in the tent, 
none escaped from the battle except Cubretan, son of Congus, alone. 
On which occasion Cubretan said : 

A red bloody battle was waged, 

good Fergal, in thy valley ; 

The people of the son of Mary were sorrowful 

After taking the roof off the house. 

The cow of the Leper was killed, after its ox. 

Woe to the hand that pierced their neck, 

For the son of Bran did not defend, &c. 

Then 

nals. Cubretan signifies dog or hero of as Cu-mara, dog of the sea ; Cu- Uladh, 
Britain. The ancient Irish had many Canis TJltoniae, Cu-Muman, dog of Mun- 
names of men compounded with cu, a dog ; ster, Cu- Caisil, dog of Cashel, &c. 



38 

Qp anDpin appepe pfpgal ppia Donnbo; Dena aippiDeb bum, 
a Doinnbo, po bic ap cu ap Deac aippiDe puil i n-'Gipinn .1. i cuipij;, 
a^ap i cuiplenDoib, "| i cpuicib, -j panDaib, -\ paibpecoib, q 
laib 'Gipenn, q ip in maDinpi i mbdpac Do bepam-ne cac Do 
nib. Qc, ap Oonnbo, ni cumgaimpi aippiDe buirpi anocc, q nimca 
aon gnforh oib pin uile t>o caiobpin anocc, i cippi cnnm i pabaipi a 
mapac, ~] imbeopa, DO benpa ainpioe Ouicpi. Oenab imuppo 
an piojDpuu hua TTlai^leme aippme t>uic anocc. Uujab hua 
TTlaijleni cuca laprcam. Ro ^abpaibe 05 mt>ipin cac -\ comparha 
leire Cuinn ~| Caij;en 6 cojail Uuarna Ufnbar, .1. Oeanoa pf^, in 
pa mapbab Cobrac Caolbpej;, coniji an aimpip, pin, "j nf ba mop 
cobalca Do pinneb leo in aibchi pin pa meo eagla leo Cai^in, "j 
la meiD na ooimnne, .1. uaip afbce pele phinmain ^aimpib pin. 

Imciip Lai^in DO loccuppaibe i cCpuacan Claonra, , Dai^ nf 
maib pop Cai^niu Da nDeapnac a comaiple ann, -j ^up obap ciupaD 
Do cum an caca. (^oucup lappain 50 Oinn Canainn, apaibe Do 
cum an cara. 

Conpancuccup cpa ip in maiDin ap na mapac na cara cfc- 
capba, naoi mile Do Cainib, mile ap picic imuppo Do Leic 
Cuinn. Qp cpuaib "| ap peocaip pa cuipeb an cacpa leic pop 
Ifc, "i pa jab cac na compaicib ann. 



r Maighleine. This personage is not For a notice of the burning of this palace, 

mentioned in any other known Annals. see " Leabhar na g-Ceart," pp. 15, 16. 

8 Tuaim Tenbath, i.e.Dinnrigh. O'Fla- The ancient Irish poets had a great many 

herty places this event so far back as A.M. stories of this description which they used 

3682. This was the name of the ancient to recite to their kings and chieftains. 

palace of the Kings of Leinster. There- See Campion's " Historic of Irelande," 

mains of its earthen works are situated on chap. vi. 

the west side of the River Barrow, in the * The eve of the festival of Finnian. i. e. 

townland of Ballyknockan, about a quar- the nth of December. The Annals of 

ter of a mile south of Leighlin Bridge. Clonmacnoise make it the 3rd of the Ides 



39 

Then Fergal said to Donnbo : " Show amusement for us, Donnbo, 
for thou art the best minstrel in Erin at pipes, and trumpets, and 
harps, at the poems arid legends and royal tales of Erin, for on to- 
morrow morning we shall give battle to the Leinster-men." " No," 
said Donnbo, " I am not able to amuse thee to-night, and I am not 
about to exhibit any one of these feats to-night; but wherever thou 
shalt be to-morrow, if I be alive, I shall show amusement to thee. But 
let the royal clown, Ua Maighleine r , amuse thee this night." Ua Maigh- 
leine was afterwards brought to them. He commenced narrating the 
battles and the valiant deeds of Leth-Chuinn arid Leinster from the 
demolition of Tuaim Tenbath, i. e. Dirm-righ 8 , in which Cobhthach 
Cael-mBreagh was killed, unto that time ; and they slept not much 
that night, because of their great dread of the Leinster-rnen, and of 
the great storm, for it was the eve of the festival of Finniari 1 , in the 
winter. 

With respect to the Leinster-men, they repaired to Cruachan 
Claenta u , for the Leinster-men would not be defeated if they should 
hold their council there, and proceed from thence to battle. They 
proceeded thence to Dinn-Canainn v , and thence to the battle. 

On the following morning the battalions of both sides met : nine 
thousand of the Leinstermen, and twenty-one thousand of Leth- 
Chuinn. Vigorously and fiercely was this battle fought on both 
sides, and all showed equal fight. 

The. 

of December, which would be the i ith. The origin of this belief is not yet dis- 

u Cruachan Claenta i. e. the round Hill covered, nor is this superstition noticed in 

of Clane, situated about five miles to the " Leabhar na gCeart," among the Geasa 

north-east of Allen, where this battle was and Urgarthce of the Kings of Leinster. 
fought. The Leinster-men believed that T Dinn- Canainn. Now Duncannon, 

whenever they could hold their council of nearly midway between Clane and the 

war here, they should not be defeated. Hill of Allen. 



40 

T?cc ba Dimop pa innipi compama na Caoc Laijen i Caoc 
Leice Cuinn. Qpbepu ^oppacap bpij;iD op aonn Laigen; aocfp 
Dno Colum Cille op cipnn hua Neill. "Ra meamuib lapam an 
car pia ITIupchaD mac mbpain, -\ pe n-Go6 mac DonncaDa, mic 
Colgan pf Laigen Oeap^abaip. Ra mapbaD peap^al ann GOD TTID 
1 Oonncha6 mac THupcha6a po mapbpac pfp^al paoepin, -] bile 
mac buain, pf Glban, ap uai6 aimnnigcep Coppbile, i n-Cllmaine. 
Qp 6 tmo QoD menD pa mapb Oonnbo. Nf copcaip imuppo 
peap^al 50 rropchaip Oonnbo. Pa mapbao t>no pepca ap ceD 
arhup in ou pin. Q coimlfn pein po mapbaio Lai^in pan car pin DO 
Ceic Cuinn .1. naoi mile ; i naoi nuclei t)ib Do Dol pop gelcacr, i 
cecpig DO piaib. Ctca Cnoc pfpgail annpin; pa cuippioc Caigin 
ilaig commaiDmi anD Dno, unDe Dicicup : 

OeoDlaire Qlmaine, 
Qp copnarh buaip bpfjmaine 
T?o la baDb belDeapg biopac, 
lolac im cfnn ppfp^aile. 

Scapapp 

w Valorous. The Irish, word compama, Colum was the greater saint of the two, 

deeds of valour or prowess. The substan- and is therefore introduced as contending 

tive compuma is glossed copcup, victory, with St. Bridget in protecting his kins- 

in H. 3, 1 8, p. 536. men of the race of Mall. 

* Brigit. She was the patroness of all z Son of Bran. King of Leinster. 

Ireland, but particularly of Leinster. See a Fergal. King of Erin. 

under A. D. 605, where St Mura is re- b Bile, son of Buan of Albain. i. e. of 

presented as saying that St. Bridget was Scotland. No account of this Scottish 

greater than he, and her prayers more champion has been found in any of the au- 

powerful than his prayers. thentic Irish Annals, and it is very pro- 

7 Colum Cille He was the principal bably that he is a mere fictitious charac- 

patron of the Cinel Conaill. St. Mora was ter introduced here among the historical 

the patron of the Cinel-Eoghain, but chiefs who really flourished at this time 



The valorous w deeds of the heroes of Leinster and of Leth-Chuinn 
are very much spoken of. It is said that Brigit x was seen over the 
Leinster-men ; Colum Cille y was seen over the Ui-Neill. The battle 
was gained by Murchadh, son of Bran 2 , and Aedh, son of Donnchadh, 
son of Colgan, King of South Leinster. Fergal 8 himself was killed 
in it ; and it was Aedh Menn, and Donnchadh, son of Murchadh, that 
slew Tergal himself, and Bile, son of Buan, of Albain b , from whom 
Corrbile , at Almhain, is named. Aedh Menn was also the person 
who slew Donnbo. Tergal was not killed till Donnbo had first fallen. 
One hundred and sixty soldiers were killed on the occasion. The 
Leinster-men killed an equal number of Leth-Chuinn in this battle ; 
i. e. nine thousand and nine of them ran mad d , and one hundred kings. 
The hill of Ferghal 6 is at the place. The Leinster-men raised shouts 
of exultation there, unde dicitur : 

At the end of the day at Almhain, 
In defending the cows of Bregia, 
The red-mouthed, sharp-beaked raven, 
Croaked over Fergal's head. 

Murchadh, 

and fought in this battle. tie of Magh Bath," p. 231, and p. 234, 

* Corrbile i. e. Bile's Pit, would now note . It is still believed in many parts 

be anglicized Corbilly ; but there is no of Ireland that all the lunatics of Ireland 

place of the name in the neighbourhood of would make their way, if unrestrained, to 

the Hill of Allen. a valley in the county of Kerry, called 

d Han mad. Connell Mageoghan trans- Gleann na nGealt, and remain there feed- 

lates this " There were nine persons that ing on the herbs and water-cresses of the 

flyed in the ayre as if they were winged valley until they should recover their for- 

fowle." But this is hardly correct. For the mer sanity. 

Irish ideas about gealtacht and panic, the e The hill of Ferghal. No hill of this 

reader is referred to the "Buile Shuibh- name is now pointed out in this neigh- 

ne," to the romantic tale called the "Bat- bourhood. The name would be now an- 

tle of Finntraighe," or Ventry, and " Bat- glicized Knockfarrell. 

G 



42 

Scapapp TTlupchab pa rmolaij, 

bpojjaip a cpmna i ccalmum, 

Do poi paobap ppia peapgal, 

^o ppem Deapmaip Dfp Qlmain. 

bar ann ceo puipec pacac, 

Cpuabac, copcat>ac, capnac, 

1m naoi njelca gan mine, 

Um naoi mile peap n-apmac. 

Ceicpi ceD cabpaib a Cpuaic .1. Cpuacam, 

Lap an ampaij; gaoo pan gliaib, 

Ca cpi ceooib Conaill cpuaib, 

Q r6 * * * * * 

Ra gabaD annpain an t>puch hua TTlaigleine ~\ Do paoab 
paip geim opuic Do Denarh, -| Do pijne ; bet map -| ba binn an 
^eim pin, 50 maipib geim hUi TTlaigleme 6 pin a le oc opucaib 
'Gipenn. 

l?a jat)ab a cfnn lapccain tj'peapgal, i pa ^aoab a cfnn Don 
opur. T?o baoi macalla ^eimi an Dpuic pin aieop 50 cfnn cpi la 
] cpi noibce. Qp DC ap mbepap jeim hUi Tnaigleine 05 capann 
na pfp 'p an Tnonaib. 

Do luib Dno Gob Caijen mac pirceallai^, pi hUa TTIaine 
Connacc i paon mabma i ceicib, 50 nebepc ppia macoib : nac 
ma paccbaib, a macca, buo peppDe bup macaip ppiu mo bpeic pi 
lib. NIC bepaD, op Caijin, coriab ann pin po mapbab dob Laijen, 
pi hUa TTIaine. Ra piaccaccup imuppo, a mic [copp] Qoba Laijin 
im dob Ctlldin mac peapgaile, 50 Lilcac, aipm a rnbui IDoDicu, 

mac 

f Aedh Laighean. i. e. Aedh, or Hugh of ther DJuthach is set down as chief of Ui- 
Leinster. He is not mentioned in the pe- Maine, and as dying in 738. 
digrees of the Ui-Maine, printed for the f Aedh Allan. He was afterwards mo- 
Irish Archaeological Society ; but his bro- narch of Ireland from A. D. 734 to 743. 



43 

Murchadh, no companion of cowardice, 

Brings his numerous heroes on the ground ; 

He turns his weapons against Fergal, 

With great heroes, south of Almhain. 

There perished there an hundred chieftains, prosperous, 

Vigorous, contentious, victorious, 

With nine gone mad without mildness, 

With nine thousand men of arms. 

Four hundred fell at Cruach, i. e. Cruachain, 

By the soldiery, wounded in the conflict, 

With three hundred of the hardy Cinel Conail ; 

And six ****** 

The clown, Ua Maighleine, was taken prisoner, and he was asked 
to give " a clown's shout," and he did so. Loud and melodious was 
that shout, so that the shout of Ua Maighleine has remained with the 
clowns of Erin from that forth. 

Fergal's head was afterwards struck off, and the clown's head was 
struck off. The reverberation of the clown's shout remained in the 
air for three days and three nights. From which comes [the saying] 
" the shout of Ua Maighleine chasing the men in the bog." 

Aedh Laighen f , son of Fithcheallach, King of Ui-Maine, in Con- 
naught, was routed, and fled from this battle ; and he said to his sons : 
" Do not leave me, my sons ; your mother will be the better of it, 
if you bring me with you." " They shall not bring thee," said the 
Leinster-men ; so that then, Aedh Laighen, King of Ui-Maine, was 
killed. But his sons carried the body of Aedh Laighen, with Aedh 
Allan g , son of Fergal, to Lilcach h , where Modichu, son of Amairgin, 
and the Gall Craibhthech 1 were ; and it was on this occasion that the 

Ui-Neil 

h Lilcach. A place near Slane, in East the Four Masters, A. D. 512, 723. 
Meath, not yet identified. See Annals of ' Gall Crailhtheach. i. e. the pious or 

G 2 



44 

mac Qmaipsin, -j an 'fiall CpaibDeac, conab ann pin claibipie hUf 
Neill 1 Connachca dab na cille, -| lao i piece na ^cleipeac, -| 
ap amlaib pin ]ia paopaiD cpi miopbuile na naom, 50 ppail cocac 
hUa Neill -\ Connacc 6 pin ale 'p in C1 ^ T in : unDe ^^ CHI 0111 
cecmic : 

Ni ppuanaman ap ralmain Ctlmain baoio peoicip; 
Nf panjamap lap pin cac Lilcac bat)io nerhfuap. 

ba buaoac rpa an la pin Do Lainib. l?a hanaiceb imuppo 
Cubpecan mac Congupa pi ppeap T?opp ap na punna DO pijne 
an aiDhce peime. 

1 ConDail na pfog baccup Caijm an aiDci 05 ol pfna ~| mf6a 
ap ccup an caca 50 pubac poimfnmac, ajup cac Diob 05 inmpin 
a compama, ip iaD mfopaig meabapcaom. Cfp anD pin pa paiD 
TTlupchaD mac bpain : "Do beapamn cappac cecpe cumala, "] 
mo eac ~\ m'fppaD Don laoc no paj;a6 ipin apmac, -j Do bepab 
comapra cu^ainn ap." l?aab-pa, ap baorgalac laoc Dim 
TTIumain. ^ebiD a careppab caua "| comlanna uime, 50 painig 
50 haipm i mbaof copp peapgaile, 50 ccupla nf i nfagaip^aipe ipin 
ipin aeop op a cinn, conbepepc. Ctp clopp uile, cimapnaD Duib 6 
pi pfcr nime. Oenafb aippiDe Da bup cnj;eapna anocc .1. 
D'peapjjal mac TTIaolDuin, cia DO pocpapaip punn uile in bap 
naoip Dana eiDip cuipleanocu, "| copnaipe, -] cpuicipe, na caip- 
mfpcca eppuac no heg comnapc pib D'aippiDeD anocc D'peapgal. 

50 

religious Gall, or foreigner, probably a ing with the leper, whose hut the army of 

Saxon or Englishman. This was the same the Hy-Neill had pulled down. 

Gall who gave name to Inis an Ghaill k Condail of the Kings. Now Old Con- 

(Inchaguile) in Lough Corrib, county of nell, in the county of Kildare, about 

Galway. five miles to the east of the Hill of 

j The part he took. i. e. in sympathiz- Allen. 



45 

Ui-Neil and the Connaught-men erected the wall of the church, they 
being in the disguise of the clergy, and they were thus saved through 
the miracles of the saints, so that the friendship of the Ui-Neill and 
the Connaught-men is in that church from that forward. Unde Aedh 
Allan cecinit : 

We did not find on earth a smoother place than Almhain, 
We did not reach, after this, a place more sacred than Lilcach. 

Now, the Leinster-men were victorious in this battle. Cubretan, 
son of Congus, King of Fera-Ross, was protected in consequence of 
the part he took j the night before. 

It was at Condail of the Kings k the Leinster-men were that night 
drinking wine and mead, merrily, and in high spirits, after gaining 
the battle ; and each of them was describing his prowess, and they 
were jolly and right merry. Then Murchadh, son of Bran, said : " I 
would give a chariot of [the value of] four cumhals, and my steed 
and battle-dress, to the hero who would go to the field of slaughter, 
and who would bring us a token from it." " I will go," said Baeth- 
galach, a hero of Munster. He puts on his dress of battle and com- 
bat, and arrived at the spot where the body of [King] Fergal was, 
and he heard a noise in the air over his head, and he said, on hear- 
ing it : " All praise be to thee, King of the seven heavens ! ye are 
amusing your lord to-night ; i. e. Fergal, son of Maelduin, though ye 
have all fallen here, both poets, pipers, trumpeters and harpers, let 
not hatred or ability prevent you to-night from playing for Fergal." 
The young warrior then heard the most delightful and entrancing 
piping and music in the bunch of rushes next him, a Fenian melody 
sweeter than any music. The young warrior went towards it. " Do 
not come near me," said a head to him. " I ask who art thou ?" said the 
young warrior. " I am the head of Donnbo," said the head, " and I 

made 



4 6 

Jjo ccnala lapam an co^ldc an cuipi ~| an ceol pfpeaccac, 50 
ccuala Dan 'pcm cum luacpa ba nfpa 66 an copo pianpa ba binne 
ceolaib. Luio an cojlac na Docum ; na caip ap m'amup ap an 
cfnn ppip. Cfpc, cia cu ? ap an co^lac. Nin, mipi cfno Ouinnbo, 
ap an cfnn, -j naiDm po naiDmfo ppim a peip aippioeb an pi anocc, 
1 na epcoiDiD 6am. Cai6e copp pfpgail punn, ap an c-o^lac ? 
dp e Do aiccne ppir anall. " Ceipc anDaD bep Ifm," ap an coglac ? 
" Qpcii ap Dead lim:" Nom bepa, ap an cfnn ; ace pac Cpfpc DOD 
cinn Da nom puja, 50 Dcuja me ap amup mo colla DO pfDipi. Do 
bep egm, ap an coglac, ] impoi an cojlac -j an cfnn laip coni^e 
ConDail, i puaip Laijin a^ 61 ap a cfnn 'p in afDci cecna. Qn 
ccugaip comapca lac ? ap TTlupchaD. "Cugap ap an coglac, cfnn 
Ouinnbo. popaim ap an puaicne UD call, ap TTlupchao. UugpaD 
an plua uile aicne paip $up be cfnn Ouinnbo, -j ape6 po paiDpio 
uile : Dippan 6uic a Ouinnbo, ba caorh DO Dealb, Dena aippiDe 
Dumn anocc, peb DO pijnip DOC cijeapna imbuapac. Impoijcep 
a aiji6 Dono, -j accpacc a DopD pianpa accpua^ ap aipD, 50 
mbaccup uile ag caoi -] ag cuippi. I6naici6 an laoc ceona an 
cfnn DO cum a colla amail po jeall, "| coip^iD 6 ap a rheiDe. 
Ciccpacc paimc Oonnbo gocfc a mdcap, uaip appiaD cpf longanca 
an caca pa .1. Oonnbo Do poccain na bfcaiD 50 ni^e a cfc Dap 
cfnn bpeicpe Coluim Cille, -| geim an Dpuic hUf TTlaigleine cpi 
la "] cpi haibce 'p an aeop, i na naoi mile DO popuaiplij an picic, 
unDe Dicicup : 

Cac Qlmaine, dp ^ein 
TTlop an jniom Oecembeip 

Po 

1 If thou bring me. i. e. if thou art very common in Irish. See the Registry 
minded to bring me at all, find my body, of Clonmacnoise, printed in the " Trans- 
and bring my head and body together. actions of the Kilkenny Archaeological 

m To its body. Stories of this kind are Society," for the story of Coirpre Crom, 



47 

made a compact last night that I would amuse the King to-night, and 
do not annoy me." " Which is the body of Fergal here ?" said the young 
warrior. " Thou mayest observe it yonder," said the head. " Shall 
I take thee away ?" said the young warrior; " thou art the dearest to 
me." " Bring me," said the head ; " but may the grace of God be on 
thy head if thou bring me 1 to my body again." " I will indeed," said 
the young warrior. And the young warrior returned with the head 
to Condail the same night, and he found the Leinster-men drinking 
there on his arrival. " Hast thou brought a token with thee ?" said 
Murchadh. " I have," replied the young warrior, " the head of 
Donnbo." " Place it on yonder post," said Murchadh : and the whole 
host knew it to be the head of Donnbo, and they all said : " Pity 
that this [fate] awaited thee, Donnbo ! fair was thy countenance ; 
amuse us to-night, as thou didst thy lord last night." His face was 
turned, and he raised a most piteous strain in their presence, so that 
they were all wailing and lamenting ! The same warrior conveyed 
the head to its body m , as he had promised, and he fixed it on the neck 
[to which it instantly adhered, and Donnbo started into life]. In a 
word, Donnbo reached the house of his mother. The three wonders" 
of this battle were : the coming of Donnbo home to his house alive, 
in consequence of the pledged word of Colum Cille, and the shout of 
the clown Ua Maighleine, which remained [reverberating] three days 
and three nights in the air, and nine thousand prevailing over twenty- 
one thousand ; unde dicitur : 

The battle of Almhain, great the slaughter, 

Great the deed of December 

Which 

whose head was put on by St. Ciaran of usually introduced into Irish romantic sto- 
Clonmacnoise. ries. Compare with the three wonders of 

n Three wonders. Three wonders are the battle of Magh-Rath. 



48 

13o bpip TTlupchab mopba cpeac 
TTlac bpain la laocpaib laigneac. 
TTlearhaib ap pepjal pail 
Qp mac TTlaoiliouin ofpmaip 
<5o melcfp mmlle po leips 
Qp lincib pola poipfcepcc, 
Ocr pij; ocrmojao iap ppfop 
Naoi mile, gan imappfom, 
Do Ceic Cuinn comal njnaoi 
Do pocaip ann ap aon caoi. 
Naoi njeilce pop jealcacr 6e 
Lorcup t>iob pop pm n^aiole, 
17a claocloibpic Dae laprcam, 
Qpa gleuea cac Ctlmain. 

haec pure nomina pe^um qui inceppecci punc in hoc bello. 
hi punc quioem DO pfol j;Cuinn. 

pfpjal mac TTlaoiliouin cum Ipe. milicibup puip; popbapac, pi 
bojaine ; pfp^al hUa Qirfcba; pfpjalUa Uarhnai^; mac Gacac 
Cearhna; Conjalac mac Conamcc; Gicneac mac Conaing; Coib- 
Denac mac piacaib; Conall Cpau; pfp^ap 5^ UC 5 ^ U1 P5^F TTlac 
Conaill; Lfcaireac macConcapac; QnmcammacConcapar; CTeo- 
gem hUa TTlaice ; Nuaoa Uipc pi 'fiwll -\ Ip^uill, i-g-Cinel Conuill ; 
.^. neporep ITlaoilpirpij;. Ice pin pij hUa Neill an cuaipcipc. 

hi aucem qui pequuncup hUi Neill an oepgipc : 

Oilell mac pfpa6ai; Suibne mac Conjalaij; Goo La^Cn 

liUa 

> Of Fail. Le. of Ireland. ton, in the King's County. It is now 

p Fidh- Gaibhle. A celebrated wood of locally called Fee-Guile, or Fig-Isle ! 
Leinster, situated in the parish of Cloon- * oghaine.Now the barony of Ban- 
sast, about five miles north of Portarling- nagh, in the west of the county of Donegal. 



49 

Which the majestic Murchadh of plunders gained, 

Son of Bran, with the heroes of Leinster. 

It was gained over Fergal of Fail , 

The son of Maelduin the mighty ; 

So that mills in the plain did grind 

[Turned] by ponds of red blood shed. 

Eighty-eight kings, in truth, 

Nine thousand [men], without exaggeration, 

Of the men of Leth Chuinn, of fair faces, 

Fell there in one battle-field. 

Nine persons panic-stricken ran mad, 

And went into the wood of Fidh-Gaibhle p . 

They changed colour afterwards, 

For the Battle of Almhain blenched them. 

These are the names of the kings who were slain in this battle. 
These were some of the race of Conn : 

Fergal, son of Maelduin, with sixty of his knights ; Forbasach, 
King of Boghaine q ; Fergal Ua Aithechta; Fergal Ua Tamhnaigh, 
the son of Eochaidh Leamhna ; Congalach, son of Conaing ; Eignech, 
son of Conaing ; Coibhdenach, sonofFiacha; Conall Crau ; Fergal 
Glut ; Muirghes, son of Conall ; Letaithech, son of Cucarat ; Aedh- 
gen Ua Maithe ; Nuada Uirc, King of Gull and Irgul? in Cinel-Con- 
aill ; ten grandsons of Maelfithrigh. These [foregoing] were the chiefs 
of the northern Ui-Neill. 

The following were of the Ui-Neill of the south : 

Oilell, son of Feradhach ; Suibhne, son of Conghalach ; Aedh 

Laighen 

r Gull and Irgull. Two territories in Ros-guill and Ros-Irguill. The name of 
the north of the harony of Kilmacrenan, the former is still remembered, but that of 
county of Donegal, more usually called the latter has been long forgotten. 

H 



50 

hUa Cfpnaij; Nia mac Copmaic; Clocna mac Colgan; 
mac QigciDe; OubDacpioc mac OuibDabaipfnn; TYlfncoppac mac 
5Tnmai; Globac mac ptainn 'O'Sgi^i ; Ounchab Ua piac- 
pac ; mac Conlom^pi ; mac TTlaoilemona ; Ooipiao mac Conla ; 
plann mac Goba O6ba ; mac Concoin^elc ; mac Uuarail mic 
paolcon ; InDpfceac mac Uaibg ; mac ^apbdin ; Da Ua TTlaoil- 
cdic ; Da mac Qileni ; pocapca Ua Domnaill ; Qilell mac 
Conaill J5r ainc 5 p^S ^ mac pibcheallai^ ; Duiboil hUa 
Oaimine er; pparep eiup ; Da mac Hfluipfoai5 mic lnDpfceai ; 
Nuaoa mac DuibDuncuipe ; Pfcrappa hUa Cumu^cui^ Ua 
TTlame; Cfp Cfpa; PQijap Ua Gogain no Leo^ain; plaireamail 
mac Olucai ; Dongalac hUa Gonjapa ; ConallTTlfnn pi Ceneil 
Caipbpe ; mac Gpca mac TTlaoiliDiiin ; "Cpf hUi Nuabac ; plann 
mac Ipgalai^ ; Got> Cai^en mac picceallaig ; Niall mac ITIuipgfpa. 

Oolope aurem eu ppi^ope mopcui punc cl^^. cap eip cara 
Qlmaine i ccopcuip pfp^al mac TTlaoiliDuin, -]ca. 

Inicium pe^ni Cionaba, mic Ip^alai^, pecunDum quopDam. 

]Qal. 17o ^ab Dno pojapcac mac Neill ainmniuj;a6 pije 
'Gipenn po ceDoip i nofgaiD pfp^ail, aom bliabain, no a Do iu^ca 
quopoam, 50 mapbab la CionaoD Ceiccaoc mac lop^alai^. Qp 
paip po meamaib an cac i cUailcin pa Caimb. 

Cionaob imuppo lapccain ceirpi bliabna i pi^e nGipenn. Qp 
Dopain DO jeall Qbamnan -| pe a mbpomn a rhdrap 50 ngebab pi^e 
n-Gipenn. 6d maic Dno pige an Cionaoba. Inopab Laijen laip an 

CCD 

s Odhbha. A place near Navan, in East " Aedh Laighen, son of Fithchettach. 

Meath. He was chief of Hy-Many, in Con- 

* Cinel- Cairlre. A sept of the south Ui- naught 

Neill, situated in the barony of Granard, T Lethchaech i e. half-hlind. The word 

and county of Longford, to which barony caoc, written also coec or caec, as now 

the name is still locally applied. used, does not always mean blind, though 



5 1 

Laighen Ua Cearnaigh ; Ma, son of Cormac ; Clothna, son of Colgan ; 
Tadhg, son of Aigthide ; Dubhdachrioch, son of Dubhdabhairenn ; 
Mencossach, son of Gammach; Elodhach, son of Flann O'Sgigi ; Donn- 
chadhllaFiachrach; the son of Culoingsi; the son of Maelmona; Doi- 
riadh, son of Conla; Flann, son of Aedh Odhbha 8 ; son of Cucoingelt, 
son of Tuathal, son of Faelchu ; Indrechtach, son of Tadhg ; son of 
Garbhan ; the two Ua Maelcaichs ; the two sons of Alien ; Focarta 
Ua Domhnaill ; Ailell, son of Conall Grant ; Fidhgal, son of Fith- 
chellach ; Duibhdil Ua Daimine, and his brother ; the two sons of 
Muredhach, son of Indrechtach ; Miada, son of Dubhdunchuire ; 
Rechtabhra, son of Cumascach Ua Maine; Cer of Cera; Ferghus 
Ua Eoghain (or Leoghain); Flaitheamhail, son of Dluthach; Don- 
ghalach Ua Aenghusa ; Conall Menn, King of Cinel-Cairbre* ; Mac- 
Erca, son of Maelduin ; the three grandsons of Miadhat; Flann, 
son of Irghalach ; Aedh Laighen, son of Fithchellach* ; Mall, son 
of Muirghes. 

One hundred and eighty died of sickness and cold after the Battle 
of Almhain, in which Fergal, son of Maelduine, was slain, &c. 

[724.] The beginning of the reign of Cinaedh, son of Irgalach, 
according to some. 

[722.] Kal. After Fergal, Fogartach, son of Mall, took the name 
of King of Erin at once, for one year, or two, according to some, 
when he was killed by Cinaeth Lethchaech v , son of Irgalach. He had 
been defeated by the Leinster-men in the Battle of Tailtin. 

[724.] After him Cinaedh was king of Erin for four years. It 
was to him, while he was in his mother's womb, Adamnan had pro- 
mised w that he would attain to the sovereignty of Erin. The reign of 

this 

it is certainly cognate with the Latin v Adamnan had promised. No notice of 

cacm. It generally means purblind or this promise has been found in any other 

one-eyed. Annals or historical tracts. 

H 2 



ceo bliabam -\ maiom pop Ounchab mac Ulupchaba, ip pochaibe 
t)o paopclant>aib po mapbab cpep an cogab po. 

Inopfccac mac TTIuipfDaig, pi Connacc, mopicup. Cac eioip 
Dunchab mac TYlupchaba -j Lcnognein pf hUa cC]onnpiotai, -j 
maibio an car pop Laioyiein. 

]Qal. Cac Cinnoelgcen i ccopcup po^apcac hUa Cfpnaij. 
Cionaob mac lop^alai^ uiccop epac ; unoe l?uman cecimc : 



TTleamaiD car Cinn Del^cfn Oo pi^ lono buipp, 

6 fp^all Dap fp^ail, cac ceipopec Dep^ Oomnaill. 



^o mba6 lap mapbab posupcaijj no gabab Cionaob pi^e lap 
ppaipmo. 

Cumolfp ab. Cluana mic Moip, paolchu ab. lae. 
|?al. Colman Uamac, paoi Qipomaca mopicup. 
Colman banbdin, paoi Cille Oapa mopicup. 
TTlac Qilepain Cille puaib mopicup. 
]?al. Cillene poca ab. lae. 

Oachonna cpdibbeac, Gppcop Conoeipe, quieuic. 
^uin Cpiomcainn mic Ceallai, mic ^epcibe, pi<5 Laijen, i 
ccac bealaij lice. 5 uln CM e U, Q mic boobcaba TTlibe. Cac 

eioip 

x Indrechtach, son of Muiredhach. His Ogygia, Part iii., c. 93. 

death is entered in the Annals of the Four a Rumann He is usually styled the 

Masters at the year 7 1 8, hut it is an inter- Virgil of Erin, and died, according to the 

polation and a mistake. Annals of Tighernach, in the year 747. 

J Dunchadh,sonofMurchadh. Annals of Four Masters, 742; Annals of Ulster, 

Four Masters, 722; Annals of Ulster, 727. 746. 

1 Cenndelgthen. Annals of Four Mas- b Cuindles, fyc. The obits of these two 

tors, 720, Annals of Ulster, 723. The chro- Abbots are entered in the Annals of Ulster 

nology is confused here. Fogartach Ua under A. D. 723, but the true year is 724. 

Cearnaigh was slain in 724, and was sue- Colman Uamach. The death of this 

ceeded by Cinaedh, who reigned till 727. Abbot, and also of Banbain of Cill-dara, are 



53 

this Cinaeth was good. He plundered Leinster the first year, and 
defeated Dunchadh, son of Murchadh, and many of the nobles were 
killed during that war. 

Indrechtaeh, son of Muiredhach x , King of Connaught, died. A 
battle [was fought] between Dunchadh, son of Murchadh y , and 
Laidhgnen, King of Ui-Cinnselaigh ; and Laedhgnen was defeated. 

Kal. The Battle of Cenndelgthen 2 , in which was slain Fogartach 
Ua Cernaigh. Cinaedh, son of Irgalach, was the conqueror; on which 
Rumann a sung : 

The Battle of Cenn-delgthen was gained by the strong mighty king. 
Battalion passed over battalion in the bloody battle of Domhnall. 

[724.] It was after the killing of Fogartach that Cinaedh assumed 
the sovereignty, according to some. 

Cuindles b , Abbot of Cluain mic Nois, Faelchu, Abbot of la [died]. 
[725.] Kal. Colman Uamach , sage of Ard-macha, died. 
Colman Banbain, sage of Cill-dara, died. 
Mac Ailerain, of Cill-ruaidh d , died. 
[726.] Cillene 6 Fota, Abbot of la [died]. 

Dachonna f , the Pious, Bishop of Coinneire, died. 
The death of Criinhthann, son of Cellach, son of Geirtide, King of 
Leinster, in the Battle of Bealach-lice e ; the death of Ailell, son of 
Bodhbhcha, of Meath. A battle [was fought] between EdersceP, 

King 

entered in the Annals of the Pour Masters Reeves's " Adamnan," p. 382. 

at 720, but in the Annals of Ulster at 724. 'Dachonna. He was Bishop of Connor, 

The true year, however, is 725. and died, according to Four M., in 

d Cill-ruaidh Now Kilroot, in the ha- 725. 

rony of Upper Glenarm, county of Antrim. g Bealach-lice. i. e. road of the flag- 

The ohit of Mac Ailerain is not given in stone. See Ann. Four M., A. D. 721. 

any of the published Annals. h Ederscel, King of Bregia : Compare 

6 Cillene. Four M., 725 ; Tigh. 726 ; Ann. Tilt., 726. 



54 

eioip Gabappgel, pig bpfg, -j paoldn, pi Laigfn, ~\ po meamaib 
ann pop 6acuppgel, pi bpeag. 

Ip in bliabam peo po mapbaO Cionaob Caoc mac lopgalaig, -| 
nfop gab neac t>a piol pige n-'6ipenn. plaicbfpcac mac Loinpig 
pop mapb. 

Inicium pegni plaicbfpcaig. 

fval. 'San bliaoain pi po bpip Gongap, pi poipcpeann, cpf 
cara pop Opupc pig Qlban. Car Opoma popnocca eioip Cenel 
Conaill i Gogain, i ccopcaip plann mac lopcuile, -] SneDgup 
Oeapg hUa 6pacai6e. 

Ctoamnam peliquiae in hibepmam cpanppepuncup, ec le^eiup 
penouacup. bap TTlupcliaDa mic bpain, pig Caigfn. Cac TTlaip- 
cin iDip Laignib pein ; meamaib imuppo pe n-Uib Ounlaing pop 
Uib cCionnpiolaig, i ccopcaip Lait>cfnn, ~\ mac Conmella, pf hUa 
g-Cinnpiolaig, ~\ Qongapmac paolcon mic paolain, ~] Cfchepnach 
mac Naoi hUi Ceallaig. Ouncliab uiccop epac. 

Car boipne, no Inpi bpeogam, eioip peapaib Cipe ~| peapaib 
Cualann ~| Congal mac bpain. paolan uiccop puic. 

Oopmicacio Cele Cpfopo. 

]val. plann ab. bfnnchaip quieuir. Leo Qug. mopicup. Cac 

Opoma 

1 Flaithlhertach. The true year of his battle under A. D. 721, but the Ann. Ult. 

accession was A.D. 727. The Four M. are under 726 ; the true year being 727. 

wrong in placing it in 723. ' Relics of Adamnan. Ann. Ult. 726. 

j Fortrenn. i. e. Pictland, in Scot- The law of Adamnan, here referred to, 

land. This entry is not in the published prohibited women from going into battle, 

Annals. The Annals of Ulster have at or on military expeditions. Reeves's 

725 " Nechtam mac Deirtte cowstfn'wyzYwr "Adamnan," p. 383, Pref. L-liii. 

apud Druist Regem :" Reeves's " Adam- m Murchadh, son of Bran. Ann. Four 

nan," p. 382. M., 721 ; Ann. Ult., 726. 

k Druim-fornacht. A place near Ne wry, n Maistin Now Mullaghmast, near 

in the Co. Down. The Four M. place this Athy, in the county of Kildare. 



55 

King of Bregh, and Faelan, King of Leinster, in which Ederscel, 
King of Bregh, was defeated. 

[727.] In this year Cinaedh Caech [the blind], son of Irgalach, 
was slain, and none of his descendants assumed the monarchy of Erin. 
Flaithbhertach, son of Loingsech, was he who killed him. 

The beginning of the reign of Flaithbhertach 1 . 

Kal. In this year Aenghus, King of Fortrenn j , gained three 
battles over Drust, King of Alba [Scotland]. The Battle of Druim- 
Fornacht k [was fought] between the Cinel Conaill and Cinel-Eoghain, 
in which were slain Flann, son of Irthuile, and Snedhgus Derg Ua 
Brachaidhe. 

The relics of Adamnan 1 were translated to Erin, and his law was 
renewed. The death of Murchadh, son of Bran m , King of Leinster ; 
the Battle of Maistin n [was fought] between the Leinster-men them- 
selves, in which the Ui-Dunlaing defeated the Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, in 
which Laidhcenn Mac Conmella, King of Ui-Ceinsellaigh, and Aen- 
ghus, son of Faelchu, son of Faelan, and Cethernach, son of Nae Ua 
Ceallaigh, were slain. Donnchadh was the victor. 

The Battle of Boirinn, or of Inis-Breoghain , was fought between 
the men of Liffe and the men of Cualann, and Congal, son of Bran. 

' O / 

Faelan was the victor. 
The rest of Cele-Christ p . 

[728.] Kal. Flann, Abbot of Bennchair q , died. Leo Augustus died r . 

The 

Inis-Breoghain. i. e. Breogan's Is- Ann. Tilt, at 726; Tighern. 727; Four 
land. This place has not heen yet iden- M. 721. 

tilled. This battle is entered in the Ann. q Flann, Abbot ofBenchair. He is called 
Ult. at the year 726, but the true year is Flann Aentroibh, Four M. 722 ; A Tin, Ult. 
727. The Four M. are wrong in placing it 727; Tighern. 728. 
under 721. T Leo Augustus This must be Leo. III., 

p Cele-Christ. i. e. the servant, or vas- " the Isaurian." Died, June, 741, after a 
sal of Christ. His death is entered in the reign of 24 years. 



56 

Opoma Copcam eioip plairbeapcac mac Loingf 15 ~\ mac lopga- 
lai, i cropcaip Cionaou ~| Got>up mac Qilella, i TTlaolouin mac 
peapaoai j, ~] Dunchab mac Copmaic. 

Car Qilline emip 6a mac TTlupchaba mic bpam .1. paolan -\ 
Ounchab. paolan luniop uicrop puir, ec pegnauic. Cacal mac 
pion^uine "| Ceallac mac paolcaip, jif Oppaige euayepunc. Oun- 
cha6 mac TTlupchaba, pi Cai^fn inceppeccup epc. Qcc cfna 
uepna OunchaD ap an car, "| baoi peaccmam 'na bfchaiD. 
^abaiD paolan pie Cai^fn, i acnai^ mnai an Ounchaba .1. Uua- 
lair, mgfn Carail mic piongaine, pi TTluman. 

Oomnall, pi Connacr, mopirup. 

In hoc anno compopuic beoa opup puum magnum, hoc epc, in 
nono anno Ceonip. 

]Qal. Gcbepcup panccup Chpipci milep in hi-Coluim Cilli 
quieuic. beoa in Cpomcip ceppac. 

fval. TTIac Oncon pcpiba Cille Oapa ; Suibne ab Qpb maca 
quieuiu ; ^all 6 Cilcaig .1. ppubenp quieuir ; TTIac Concumbpi 
puf Cluana mic Noip ; Qonjup mac becce baipce mopirup ; 
Cocall o6ap puf bfncaip mopicup. 

Cac peapnmaije icip Cecamun * * 

]sal. Colman hUa Liaccam peligionip ooccop [obnc]. 
GochaiD mac Co^am, ab Ctpo TTIacha, mopicup. 

Cac 

' Druim Corcain. Ann. Tilt. 727 ; u Beda. Bede died in the year 734, ac- 

Tighern. 728. cording to the Saxon Chronicle and the 

* Aillinn. Now Dun Aillinne, near Annals of Ulster, but the true year is 735. 

Old Kilcullen, in the county of Kildare : No account is given in any other work of 

Ann. lilt., 727. " Bellum Ailenne inter the year in which he composed, or put out, 

duos germanos filios Murchada, mic Brain, his great work. The Emperor, Leo III., 

et Duncha, senior jugulatur ; junior Foela- succeeded in March, 718, so that the tenth 

nus regnat Domhnall mac Ceallaig, year of his reign was 727, when Bede is 

rex Connacht, moritur." said to have composed [i. e. perhaps, pub- 



57 

The Battle of Druim Corcain 8 [was fought] between Flaithbhertach, 
son of Loingsech, and the son of Irgalach, in which were slain Cinaeth 
and Eodus, son of Ailell, arid Maelduin, son of Feradhach, and Dun- 
chadh, son of Cormac. 

The Battle of Aillinn*, between the two sons of Murchadh, son .of 
Brann, i. e. Faelan and Dunchadh. Faelan, who was the junior, con- 
quered and reigned ; Cathal, son of Fingaine [King of Munster], and 
Cellach, son of Faelchair, King of Osraighe, escaped. Dunchadh, son 
of Murchadh, King of Leinster, was slain ; but he survived the battle, 
and lived for a week after it. Faelan assumed the sovereignty of 
Leinster, and married the wife of Dunchadh ; namely, Tualaith, 
daughter of Cathal, son of Fingaine, King of Munster. 

Domhnall, King of Connaught, died. 

In hoc anno composuit Beda u suum magnum opus, hoc est in 
nono anno Leonis. 

[729.] Kal. Ecbertus v sanctus Christi miles in Hi-Coluim Cille 
quievit. Beda in Chronicis cessat. 

[730.] Kal. Mac-0nchon w , scribe of Cill-dara, and Suibhne, Ab- 
bot of Ard-Macha, quievit ; Gall of Lilcach, i. e. the prudent, quievit ; 
Mac-Concumbri, sage of Cluain-mic-nois ; Aengus, son of Bee Boirche, 
died ; Cochall Odhar, sage of Benchair, died. 

The battle of Fernmhagh x , between Cetamun * * 

[731.] Kal. Colman Ua Altain y , a religious doctor, died. 

Colgu, son of Eochaidh, Abbot of Ard-macha, died. 

[733] 

lished] his work; for it is not to be sup- w Mac-Onchon. Ann. Hit. 729 ; Tigh. 

posed that Bede composed his work in one 730. 

year. * FernmhagTi, No w Forney, a barony in 

"Eclertus, He died at Hy, according to the county of Monaghan. This entry is 

Bede, and the Saxon Chronicle, on Easter not in any of the published Annals. It is 

Sunday, the 24th of April, A. D. 729. left unfinished in our MS. 

Reeves's " Adamnan," p. 379, 383. ? Colman T7a Altain A. D. 730. "Col- 



Car t)o bpipeb oo Gob Qllan mac pfp^ail pop plaicbeaprach 
mac Coingpi^, pi 'Gipenn, 50 Drug plairbeapcac lomjjiup a pop- 
cpeannoib cui^e a n-aiji6 Cineil Goam, ace cfna pa baibeab 
eaprhop an coblai fin. TTlopp plaicbeapcai pein 'p in bliabam 
pin, i pgapcam pige n'Gpenn ne Cenel jConaill 50 paoa lap- 
ccain. 

1p in bliabam pi ao cfp an bo ~\ pe copa puire, i Da copp aice, 
~] aom cfnn; po blijeo po cpf hi cac .f. laof .1. nOeiljinipCualann. 

"[sal. Qo6 Qllam mac pfpjail t>o ^abdil pige n- 7 6ipenn. 

plann Sionna hUa Colla ab Cluana mic Noip. 

Ppincepp no poncipe^r TTlai^e eo na Sa^on ^apolc obic. 

Seboann injen Chuipc, abbarippa Cille oapa [o'ecc]. 

Car Connacc iccip [ .... in quo ceciDic] TTluipeabac mac 



Car t)o bpipiob t>'Go6 Cfllan pop Ulcoib, inp Qo6 Rom pf 
Ula6 i Concao pi Cpuirne a ppochaipo TTluipcemne, ccfmpall 
pochapo aca opo Qoba Rom. 

Car t)o pfbipi eoip Ctob Qllan ) Cenel Conaill, iccip Conainj 

mac 

man nepos Littain, religiosm doctor pau- c Flann Sinna Ua Colla. This and the 

sat. Mors Echdach mic Colggen Anacho- two obits succeeding are entered in the 

rete Ardmache" Ann. Ult. Ann. F. M. under 726, and in the Ann. 

1 In that year. This battle was fought Ult. under 731 ; but the true year is 732 

in 734, in which King Flaithbheartach (Tigh.), and they are clearly misplaced 

died. The chronology of the Four Mas- above. 

ters is incorrect. For Fortrenn the F. M. d Muiredhach, son of Indrechtach. The 

and Ann. Clonm. have Dal-Biada. F. M. make him Bishop of Magh-eo-na 

a Deilginis- Cualann. Now Dalkey Is- Saxon, and enter his death under 726, 

land, near Dublin. F. M. 727 ; Ann. but they are totally wrong. In the Ann. 

Clonm. 730 ; Ann. Fit. 732 ; but the true Ult. 731, and Tigh. 732, the true reading 

year would be 734, according to our text. may be translated thus : " The battle of 

b Aedh Allan. F. M. 730 ; Ann. Ult. Connacht, wherein fell Muireadhach, son 

733 ; Tigh. 734. of Indrechtach. Pontifex Maighe heo Sax- 



59 

[733> or 734-1 Kal. A. battle was gained by Aedh Allan, son of 
Fergal, over Flaithbhertach, son of Loingsech, King of Erin, so that 
Flaithbhertach brought a fleet out of Fortrenn [Pictland] to assist 
him against the Cinel-Eoghain. The greater part of that fleet was, 
however, drowned. The death of Flaithbhertach himself took place 
in that year 2 , and the sovereignty of Erin was separated from the 
Cinel-Conaill for a long time afterwards. In this year was seen a cow 
with six legs under her, and two bodies, and one head. She was 
milked thrice each day ; i. e. at Deilginis-Cualann a . 

[734.] Kal. Aedh AUan b , son of Fergal, assumed the sovereignty 
of Erin. 

Flann Sinna Ua Colla , Abbot of Cluain-mic-nois [died]. 

[732.] Gerald, pontifex of Maigheo [Mayo] of the Saxons, died. 

Sebhdan, daughter of Core, Abbess of Cill-dara [died]. 

A battle in Connaught between [ in which fell] Muire- 

dhach, son of Indrechtach d . 

A battle was gained by Aedh Allan over the Ulta, at Fochard- 
Muirtheimhne 6 ; i. e. over Aedh Roin, King of Uladh, and Conchadh, 
King of the Cruithnigh f . In the church of Fochard the Ord [thumb] 
of Aedh Roin is [preserved]. 

Another battle was fought between Aedh Allan and the Cinel- 
Conaill ; 

onum Ga/raalt obit." See Ann. F. M., Ed. Tigh. call him " Conchad mac Cuanach rex 

J. O'D., p. 324. Cobo (pi Cobha, Tigh.\ The F. M. call 

e Fochard- Mmrtheimhne. Now the him chief of East Ulster, Co. Down, and 

church of Faughard, in the county of add, that the head of Aedh Roin was cut 

Louth, about two miles to the north of off on a stone called Clochan-commaigh, 

Dundalk. This battle is noticed in the in the doorway of the church of Fochard, 

Ann. F. M. at the year 732 ; Ult. 734 ; and that the cause of the battle was the 

Tigh. 735. profanation of the church of Cill-Conna 

f Cruithnigh. i. e. of the Picts, i. e. of [now Kilcoony, in Tyrone] by TJa Segh- 

the Picts of Ulster. The Ann. Ult. and ain, one of the people of Aedh Roin. 

12 



6o 



mac Conjaile mic peap^apa pdnao. Car Carail DO Oomnall i 
c<Caillcin. 

]Qal. Oe^focap Gppcop nQonOpoma quieuir. 

6eoa Sapienp l^pc^in anno aecacip puae quieuir. 



[FRAGMENTTJM II.] 

Ql/lUD pRQJJTTlGN^UTn e^ eooem Cotnce e;ccpacrum pep 
eunoum; incipienp ab anno apacep 66 1. 

fval. Cuimin pooa quieuic l^n anno aecacip fuae unOe Col- 
man Ua Cluapai^, aioe Cuimin cecinic : 

TTlapb ppim ant)fp, mapb ancuaib, 

Nibcrup lonmuin acpluaij, 

Do poip a pi nirhe ^laip 

Qn Docaipce uacap laip. 
TTlapbam na bliabna pa, 

Ni bo caoince nf occa, 

TTlaolDuin 6ecc mac 

Conainn, Cuimin pooa. 



Coming, son of Congal. He was slain h TJie tattle of Cathal. This is a mis- 

in the year 732 [733, Tigh.~\ in the battle take. It is entered in the Ann. F. M. at 

of Magh-Itha, according to the Ann. Tilt., 732, but in the Ann. Ult. at 736. Thus : 

F. M. 727. " Congressio iterum inter Aedh "Congressio invicem inter Nepotes Aedo 

[Allan] mac Fergaile et Genus Conaill Slaine ubi Conaing mac Amalgaid mori- 

in Campo Itho, ubi cecidit Conaing mac tur ; Cernach vicit, et Cathal mac Aedo 

Congaile mic Ferguso [Fanaid] et ceteri cecidit ; juxta lapidem Ailbe ab orientali 

multi" Ann. Ult. 732. This battle is parte gesta est." See Tigh. 737. 

misplaced in our text. It was fought in ' OeghedJhchar. He was Bishop of Nen- 

the reign of Flaithbheartach. drum, an island in Lough Cuan, in the 



6i 



Conaill ; [i. e.] between Conaing, son of Congal g , son of Fergus of 
Fanaid The battle of CathaP, by Domhnall at Tailltin. 

[734.] Kal. Oeghedhchar 1 , Bishop of Oendruim, quievit. 

[734, or 735.] Beda Sapiens k Ixxxiii ., anno setatis suse quievit. 



[FRAGMENT II.] 

ANOTHER FRAGMENT extracted from the same Manuscript, by 
the same, beginning about the year 66 1. 

[662.] Kal. Cuimin Foda 1 died in the seventy-second year of his 
age ; hence Colman Ua Cluasaigh m , tutor of Cuimin, sung : 

Dead to me is the south, dead the north, 

No second host is dear to me ; 

Relieve, King of the blue heaven, 

The sufferings that are with it. 
The deaths of this year, 

Not one of them should be lamented", 

[Were] Maelduin Beg, son of Fergus 

Conainn, Cuimin Foda. 

If 

county of Down. Ann. Hit. 734 ; Tigh. or Tall. He was Bishop of Clonfert. See 

735. Four M. and Ann. Ult. 66 1 ; Book of 

k Beda Sapiens. Asm. Ult. 734; Tigh. Hymns, p. 84, sq. 

735. Bede was born in the year 67 3, and m Colman Ua Cluasaigh. He was the 

died in the year 735, in the sixty- third tutor of Cuimine Foda, and died in the 

year of his age. Therefore, either two of same year. 

the x's should be struck out of our text, or n Should be lamented. Because they all 

all English authorities which treat of his went straightways to heaven, and there 

age are incorrect, which is not likely. was no need of sorrowing after them. See 

1 Cuimin Foda. i. e. Cuimin, the Long Colgan's " Acta SS.," p. 149, Note 7. 



TT]d po fcligrlie pfp oap mmp 

Seipfb ipppmce n^piogoip, 

TTlab a h-Gipinn nf baof rri Do 

Inge Cuimine POOO. 
Seac ba heppcoppom pom ba 'pf, 

ba mac njeapna mo Chmmin 

Ufnt>al 'Gipenn ap poap, 

ba h-alamn map po choap. 
TTlair a ceinel, maic a cpur, 

6d Ifran a complonnaD 

Ua Coipppe i Ua Cuipc, 

6a paoi, ba hdn, ba hoipoepc. 

Car Ogamain, t>u i ccopcliaip Conaing mac Congaile, ajup 
Ulcan mac 6pmne, pi Ciannachra. 6larmac mac Qo6a Slaine 
uicrup epc a pocnp Diapmaoa. TTlaonac mac Pingfn pi TTlurhan 
mopicup. 

fval. Seigine .1. TTlac hu CuiniD, ab bfnchaip quieuiu. 

TTlopp <5uaipe Qibne, pi Connacc, unDe 

Capn Conaill moppluag pile na comaip 
61 mapb uile ciaca bi, 
Ouppann t>o 



A man over sea. i. e. a foreigner, viz. 
in reference to Italy. No Irishman ever 
yet was Pope of Rome. These lines are 
given differently by the Four Masters. 
The Irish, however, claimed Gregory the 
Great (whom they styled of the golden 
mouth) as one of their race, and they have 
engrafted his pedigree on the regal Irish 
stem of Conaire II., the ancestor of the 
O'Connells, the OTalveys, and other fa- 



milies. The O'Clerys give his pedigree as 
follows in their work on the Genealogies 
of the Irish Saints : " Gregory of Rome, 
son of Gormalta, son of Conla, son of Arda, 
son of Dathi, son of Core, son of Conn, son 
of Cormac, son of Core Duibhne, son of 
CairbreMusc, son of Conaire." Baronius, 
however, shows from better evidence that 
he was born at Rome of a patrician family, 
being the son of Sylvea and Gordian, the 



63 

If it were ordained that a man over sea 

Should sit [as Pope] more learned than Gregory, 

If from Erin, no one for it 

Except Cuimine Foda. 
He was not more bishop than king ; 

My Cuimin was the son of a lord p , 

The lamp of Erin for his knowledge, 

He was beautiful, as all have heard. 
Good was his race, good his form, 

Extensive was his kindred, 
, Descendant of Coirpre, descendant of Core, 

He was a sage, noble, illustrious. 

[662.] The battle of Ogaman q , in which fell Conaing, son of Con- 
gal, and Ultan, son of Ernin, King of Cianachta. Blathmac, son of 
Aedh Slaine, was conquered by the followers of Diarmaid. Maenach, 
son of Finghin, King of Munster, died. 

[663.] Kal. Seigine 1 ", i. e. Mac hu Cuinn, Abbot of Benchar, died. 

The death of Guaire Aidhne, King of Connaught, whence [the 
verses] : 

Carn-Conaill ; a great host is near it ; 
They were all killed, though lively, 

Sorrowful it was to Guaire Aidhne. 

The 

noblest of the Senate, and the grandson of Todd's remarks on this subject, Liber 
Felix, who had been Pope himself. Hymnor., p. 92. 

f Son of a lord. He was an incestuous q Ogaman, 'Not identified. See Ann. 
child, and his tutor, St. Colman O'Clua- Clon. 658; Ann. F. M. 660; Ann. Ult. 
saigh, might well have omitted this boast- 66 1 ; Tigh. 662. 

ful allusion to his pedigree. This is quoted r Seigene. A. D. 662. " Quies Segain 
in Cormac's Glossary, sub voce gam. Many mice U Chuinn abb benchoip et. Mors 
illegitimate children became distinguished Guaire Aidhne ; Jugulatio ii. filiorum 
saints, as well as Cuimine Foda. See Dr. Domnaill filii Aedo .1. Conall et Colgu. 



6 4 

^um Da mac Oomnaill .1. Conall agup Col^a. <Cuaral mac 
Tllop^ainn mopicup. 

"Cuenoc mac pioncam ab peapna moipe quieuic. baooan ab 
Cluana mic Noip. 

foil. TTlopluib mac Qoba Slaine .1. blarmac [-] Diapmam] i 
cCalarpuim. ba mapb OiapmaiD Dono ipm ionaD ceDna, agup 
pe pfnce pe Cpoip na pfpam 05 pai^pin pluaij Laigen cuige Da 
mapbab ; pa cuaib a a In quibupoam libpip inuemcup quoo hi 

Duo pegep .1. blaumac i DiapmaiD ^n. annip, in quibupDam 

anmp quop nop pequimup. TTlapb rpa Don mopclaiD fin .1. Do'n 
buiDe Conaill, na Da pi^ pi Gipenn .1. blarmac -] OiapmaiD. 

pecin pobaip ; Qilfpan an f^na ; Colmdn Cap, agup Qon- 
jup UlaiD. Ceirpe abaiD bfncaip .1. bfpac, Cuimine, Column, 
a^up Qoban. 

Cu gan maraip, pi TTluman, ec cum cecepip cam plupimip. 
Gochaiblaplaire pf Oail Qpaibe Do mapbab DO comalcoib TTlaoil- 
pochaprai^ mic Ronain. Uaip injfn D'Gochaib laplaiue po baoi 
05 Pondn 05 pi Lai^fn ; 65 an injfn, pfn an Ronan, 50 rcu^ pi 
5pab bo mac Ror.am .1. DO TTlaolpochapcai^, -] 50 paib pi 56 
^uibe 50 paDa, agup nf puaip uaib a paorhab, ~] op na puaip 
, apeab 

Mors Gartnaid filii Domnaill, et Domnaill county of Meath. This plague is also 

mic Totholain. Mors Tuathail mic Mor- mentioned by Bede, who writes that in 

gaind. Tuenog films Finntin, abba Fer- the year 664 a sudden pestilence depopu- 

nann, Indercach episcopus, Dima episcopus lated the southern coasts of Britain, and 

quiescunt" Ann. Ult. See Tigh. 663. afterwards, extending into the province 

9 Baedan. Ann. F. M. 663 ; Ann. of the Northumbrians, ravaged the coun- 

Clonm. 660 ; Ann. Ult. 663 ; Tigh. 664. try far and near, and destroyed a great 

1 The plague. i. e. the Buidhe Chon- multitude of men. He also states that it 

maile. See Ann. F. M. ; Ann. Clon. 66 1 ; did no less harm in the island of Hiber- 

Ann. Ult. 664; Tigh. 665. nia, where many of the nobility and of 

u Caltruim. Now Galtrim, in the the lower ranks of the English nation were 



The mortal wounding of the two sons of Domhnall, i. e. Conall 
and Colgu. Tuathal, son of Morgann, died. 

Tuenoc, son of Fintan, abbot of Ferna-mor, died; Baedan 6 , Abbot 
of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. 

[664.] Kal. The death of the sons of Aedh Slaine by the plague* ; 
namely, Blathmac and Diarmaid, at Caltruim u . Diarmaid died at the 
same place, while he was standing up with his back against a cross 
viewing the hosts of Leinster approaching him to kill him. He went, 
&c. &c. It is found in certain books that these two kings, Blathmac 
and Diarmaid, reigned twelve years, but in others .... years v , quos 
nos sequimur. Of this plague, i. e. of the Buidhe Chonaill, these two 
Kings of Erinn, Blathmac and Diarmaid, died. 

Fechin of Fobhar w , Aileran the wise, Colman Cas, and Aengus 
Uladh, died. Four abbots of Bennchair : viz. Berach, Cuimine, Co- 
lum, and Aedhan [died]. 

Cuganmathair, King of Munster, died, with many others. Eoch- 
aidh larlaithe*, King of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by the foster-brothers 
of Maelfothartaigh, son of Ronan ; for the daughter of Eochaidh lar- 
laithe was married to Ronan, King of Leinster ; the daughter was 
young, Ronan was old, so that she loved Ronan's son, i. e. Maelfothar- 
taigh, and she was courting him, but she obtained not his consent, and 
when she did not, what she did was to tear her head-dress y , to scratch 
and bleed her face, and to come into the presence of Ronan in this 

plight 

at that time studying theology or leading Westmeath. The Four Masters have 
monastic lives, the Scoti supplying them these entries at the year 664, which is the 
with food, and furnishing them with books true year. 

and their teaching gratis. See also Col- * Eochaidh larlaithe. He is called 
gan's " Acta SS.," p. 601 . King of the Cruithnigh, or Picts of Ulster, 

" Tea^s Here the number of years is in the Ann. F. M. 665. 

left blank in the MS. y Her head-dress This story is not 

w Fobhar. Now Fore, in the county of found in the other Annals. 

K 



66 

apeaD DO pigne, cumDac a cinn Do rfiionujab i a haijib DO 
P5pfoba6, 1 puilpeD 'ma haijib, agup coiDeacr D'lonnpoij Ronain 
amlaib fin. CpfD fin? a injfn, ap "Rondn. Oo mac pu^ac-pa, 
ap pi, TTlaolpachapcaijj, Dom pdpu^hab, -\ mo bpipiob 66, -j compac 
ppium. TTlapbcap TTlaolpochapcaig la l?onan lap pin. Uia^aiD 
Dno comalcaDa TTlaolpochapeaij mp pin 50 nuig bail i paibe 
6ocui6 laplaire, ] gaipmiD leo amac e o cdc, -| mapbaiD i jcionca 
na nDfpna a ingfn. UnDe plaiccip cecinic : 

InDiu Delliojaip lij;e 
Gochaba mic piachach Cup^an, 
1 n-uip cille CoinDeipe 
"Ro jab poirfp a julban. 
Po ^ab GochaiD aon caimpe 
Ina li je-leabaiD oipcrhe. 
bponan pil pop cec Duine 
Qca pop Dun Sobaipce. 

Ininum pe^ni Sfcnapaij mic blacmaic, u. annip. R. 6. 

fval. TTIopp Oilella mic Oomnaill, mic Qo6a, mic Qinmi- 
pioc. 

]?al. TTlaolcaic mac ScanDail, pi Cpuirne mopicup. baoicin 
ab bfnncmp. 

|val. Cpfocdn ab bfnDcuip quieuic. Cuimm pionn, ab lae, 
quieuiu. lompam Columbam cum peliqunp mulcopum panccopum 

50 

1 Conneire. Now Connor, the head of year 665, and died in 671. See " Ogy- 

an ancient episcopal see in the county of gia," p. 431. 

Antrim. The name is still locally pro- * Attell, son of DoJimnall. His death is 

nounced Connyer, not Connor. entered in the Ann. F. M. 665, but the 

a Dun-Solhairce. Now Dunseyerick, true year was 666. 
in the north of the county of Antrim. d Maelcaich. F. M. 665 [recte 667]. 

b Sechnasach. He succeeded in the e Critan. Ann. Ult. 668 \recte 669]. 



6; 

plight. " What is this, my girl ?" said Ronan. " Thy wanton son, 
Maelfothartaigh," said she, " has violated and forced me, and cohabited 
with me." After this Maelfothartaigh was killed by Ronan. But the 
foster-brothers of Maelfothartaigh afterwards came to where Eochaidh 
larlaithe was, and they called him out from all his people, and killed 
him, in revenge of what his daughter had done. Unde Flaithir ceci- 
nit : 

This day distinguished the grave 

Of Eochaidh, son of Fiacha Lurgan, 

In the earth of the church of Conneire 2 , 

Which has received the great heat of his mouth. 

Eochaidh has received one shirt 

In his grave-bed, slaughtered, 

Which has brought sorrow upon every person 

Who is at Dun-SobhairceV 

[665.] The beginning of the reign of Sechnasach b , son of Blath- 
mac, quinque annis, King of Erin. 

[666.] Kal. The death of Ailell, son of Domhnall , son of Aedh, 
son of Ainmire. 

[667.] Kal. Maelcaich d , son of Scandal, King of the Cruithrie, 
died. Baithin, abbot of Benchair, quievit. 

[669.] Kal. Critan 6 , abbot of Benchair, quievit. Cuirnin Finn f , ". 
abbot of la, quievit. The sailing of Colman g , with the relics of many 

saints, 

f Cuimin Finn, i. e. " Comyn the versy, published by Ussher in his "Syl- 

Whyte," Ann. Clonn., Ann. Tilt., 668 loge," No. n. 

\recti 669]. This is the celebrated Cu- Colman. The sailing of Colman to 

mineus Albus mentioned by Adamnan as Inis-bo-finne, or Insula vaccce albce (now 

author of a book on the virtues of St. Bophin Island, situated off the west coast 

Columbkille. He was also the author of of the barony of Muresk, in the south-west 

a very curious letter on the Pascal Contro- of the county of Mayo), is given in the 



68 

go hlmp bo pmne, ubi punocmic ecclepiam. Cac peiprpi icip 
Ulcuib i Cpuicne, in quo cecibic Carupac mac Cuippgne, pi Ulab. 
TTlopp Ounchaba hUi Rondin. paolan mac Colmain ]n Caijen 
mopicup. TTlopp TTlaoilpochapcaij mic Suibne, pi hUu cUuipcpe. 
Car Oambeips, i rcopchuip Ofocuill mac Gachac, ~\ Cental mac 
Loicine. 5 uin t>f ain F inn 1C TTlaoiloccpai^, pf na nOep. 

]Qal. TTiopp blacmaic mic TTlaoilcoba. 

"fval. 5 uin Sfcnapaio", m i c blaumaic T?. 6. Ouibbum "jca., bo 
Chaipbpib po mapb i ppill Sfcnapac : be quo bicicup : 

6a ppianac, ba heaclap^ac 
Qn ceac i mbfob Sfcnapac, 
ba hiomba puibeall pop plaic 
i mbfob mac blacmaic. 



Oppu, pi Sapcon mopicup. Conpcancmup dug. mopirup. 
Cop^ab bfnncaip la bpeacnaib. Copjab Qpbmacha. 
TTlopp Cumapgai^ mic Rondin. 

Cac Opoma Coepip. Car Uolca dpb, bu i ccopcaip Dungaile 
mac TTlaoilecuile, pi bo^aine. Coingpioch uiccop pine. Copmac 

mac TTlaoilpochapcaij mopicup. 

Imcium 

Ann. Ult. at A. D. 667. See also Bede's county of Antrim.-^ Four Masters, A. D. 

" Eccl. Hist.," lib. iv., c. 4, and Ussher's 668, p. 280, note k . 

" Primordia," p. 825, 964, 1164, and k Damhderg. This was the name of a 

OTlaherty's "WestConnaught,"pp. 115, place in Bregia, but it has not been yet 

294. identified. See F. M., A. D. 738. 

h Fersat. Ann. Tigh. 666 ; Ann. Ult. l Deisi. i. e. Decies, in the present 

667. This was probably the Fersat, or county of "Waterford. 

ford, which gave name to Bel-ferste, now m Sechnasach. Ann. Hit. 670. The 

Belfast. true year was 67 1. 

1 Ui-Tuirtre. A tribe giving name to n Ossa i. e. Osney, King of the North- 

a territory comprising the present baro- umbrian Saxons, who died, according 

nies of Upper and Lower Toome, in the to the Saxon Chronicle, i5th Feb., 670. 



69 

saints, to the island of Inis-bo-finne, where he founded a church. The 
battle of Fersat h , between the Ulta [Ulstermen] and the Cruithni, 
in which was slain Cathasach, son of Luirgne, King of Uladh ; the 
death of Dunchadh Ua Eonain ; Faelan, son of Colman, King of 
Leinster, died. The death of Maelfothartaigh, son of Suibhne, King 
of the Ui-Tuirtre*. The battle of Damhderg k , in which were slain 
Dicuill, son of Eochaidh, and Congal, son of Loichine. The mortal 
wounding of Bran, son of Maelochtraigh, King of the Deisi 1 . 

[670.] Kal. The death of Blathmac, son of Maelcobha. 

[67 1.] Kal. The mortal wounding of Sechnasach m , son of Blath- 
mac, King of Erin. Duibhduin, and others of the Cairbri, slew Sech- 
nasach by treachery, de quo dicitur : 

Full of bridles and whips, 

Was the house in which Sechnasach was, 

Many were the leavings of plunder 

In the house, in which was the son of Blathmac. 

Ossa n , King of the Saxons, died. Constantinus Augustus died . 

[672.] The burning of Bennchair p in Britain. The burning of 
Ard-Macha. 

The death of Cumascach, son of Ronan. 

The battle of Druim Coepis q . The battle of Tulach-ard r , in which 
fell Dungaile, son of Maeltuile, King of Boghaine 8 . Loingsech was 
the victor. Cormac, son of Maelfothartaigh, died. 

The 

Died. "Wrong ; for Constantine lived q Druim Coepis. Not identified, 

till 685. See note u , infra, p. 70. r Boghaine. Now the barony of Ban- 

p Bennehair. i. e. Bangor, in "Wales, nagh, in the west of the county of Donegal. 

A. D. 671, " Combustio Bennehair Brito- ' Tulach-drd (i.e. high hill), not iden- 

num." Ann. Ult. tified. 



7 o 



Inicium 
111 annip. 



pe<5ni CinDpaolaiD mic Cpuinnmail, rhic blaicmic. 



Conpcancinup piliup Conpcancini impepauic pcuii. annip. 

|val. <5 uin Con^aile CfhnpoDa mac DunchaDa, pi UlaD, becc 
boipce pob n^on. Ooep mac TTlaolcuile, pi Ciannacca t>o mapbab. 

"Jval. Cac in Gipcealcpa i ccopchaip Cfnnpaota6 mac Cpuin- 
mail pi Gipfnn; pionnachca mac Ounchaoa uicuop puic, unDe 



l?a ia6pat> um pionnacca piana mpraip ripe, 
Ro maolab mop a coipe um Cfnnpaolab a 



JZal. Colmdn Inpi bo pinne quieuir. Inicium pegimimp PIOTI- 
nacra rheic OunchaDa .pcpc. bliabam. 

Cop^paD Qilij la pionnacea. Car emip pionnacca -) 
05 loc 5 a ^ ai P F e ] ^ e F e ariont) j T et) ca roen pionnacca 
uicrop puic. 

Ni DO pjeluib pionnacca po pfop. Qn pionnacca cpa ba 
oaiobip Docondij; e ap cup. Ro baoi cfc -j bfn aige : Nf paibe 
imuppo DO peilb aige ace aon Dam ~| aon bo. pfcc aon Do pala pi 



* Cennfaeladh, son of Crunnmhael. 
The Annals of Ulster call him son of Blath- 
mac. " A. D. 671, Ceannfaeladh mac 
Blathmaic regnare incipit" But our An- 
nals may be right. 

u Constantinus. He was the son, not of 
Constantinus, but of Constans II., whom 
he succeeded in 668. He died in 685. 
This entry is therefore inserted in a wrong 
place. 

' Congal Cennfoda. "A. D. 673, Jugu- 
latio Congaile Cennfoti mic Duncho, regia 



Ult. Becc Bairche interfecit eum." Ann. 
Ult. 

w Doer, son of Maeltuile. This obit is 
not in any of the published Annals. 

* Aircelltair. The situation, or present 
name of this place, which is somewhere in 
Meath, has not been yet identified. This 
entry is given in the Ann. Ult. at 674, 
more correctly, thus: " Bellum Cinnfae- 
\a&.filii Blathmic filii Aedo Slain e in qw> 
Cennfaelad interfeetus est. Finnsneachta 
mac Duncha victor erat." 



7 1 

The beginning of the reign of Cennfaeladh*, son of Crunnmhael, 
son of Blathmac. [He reigned] three years. 

Kal. Constantinus u ,son of Constantinus, governed seventeen years. 

[674.] Kal. The mortal wounding of Congal Cennfoda v , son of 
Dunchadh, King of Uladh; it was Beg Boirche that slew him. Doer, 
son of Maeltuile w , King of Cianachta, was killed. 

[675.] Kal. The battle of Aircelltair*, in which fell Cennfaeladh, 
son of Crunnmael, King of Erin ; Finnachta, son of Dunchadh, was 
the victor, unde dicitur : 

There closed about Finnachta the soldiers of the western terri- 
tory [i. e. Westmeath]. 

They removed, though great his host, Cennfaeladh from his 
sovereignty. 

[676.] Kal. Colman of Inis-bo-finne y quievit. The beginning of 
the reign of Finnachta, son of Dunchadh [R. E.] z [who reigned] 
twenty years. 

[677.] Kal. The destruction of Ailech by Finnachta. A battle 
was fought between Finnachta and the Leinster-men on both sides of 
Loch Gabhair a , but nevertheless Finnachta victor fuit. 

Some of the stories about Finnachta are set down here. At first 
this Finnachta was poor and indigent. He had a house and a wife, 
but he had no property but one ox and one cow. On one occasion 

the 

y Colman of Inis-lo-finne. See Ann. rious antiquities have been found where it 

TJlt, A. D. 675. was. See " Proceedings of the Royal Irish 

1 R. E. i. e. Ri JErinn, King of Ire- Academy," vol. i., p. 424. IntheAnn.Ult. 

land. These letters are in the margin. this entry is given under the year 676, 

a Loch-Gabhair. Now Loughgawer, or thus: "A. D. 676, Sellum inter Pinns- 

Lagore, near Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath. neachta et Lagenios in loco proximo Loch 

This lake is now dried up, and many cu- Gabar in quo Finnsneachta victor erat." 



7 2 

l?op po peacpan i mfpujjab i ^corhpocpaib boire pinnacca. 
Nf paibe pempe piarh abai bu mfpaindp an abaij; pin, Do ^aillim, 
-j DO pnfcca, ajup Do DopcaDab, "] an cfc Dap bo ail Don pi Dul "\ 
r/d rhnaoi ~\ Da rhumcip niop po cumgaccap Dola pa meiD na 
Doinmne -\ na Dopcaoaib, "| ba iaD a n-iompdice caipipiom po bonaib 
na ccpann. Qo cuala imuppo pionnacca IQD popp na hiompaicib 
pin, uaip nip bo fb pooa 6 boic piom po bdccup an ran pin, ~| cdimc 
ap a ccionn ap an cpli^iD, 1 apeD po pdiD piu, ba copa Doib 
coiDeacc Da boirpiom ; Cibinnip pa baoi pi, ina imcfcc na haibce 
Doipce Doinmne. Qpfb a Dubaipr an pi "] a riiuincip, ip piop ap 
copa ap piaD, -j ap maic linn eoip a paba pinn. Uan^acrup mp 
pin Da caig i po ba moo meiD an caiji iond a paiDbpe. Do paD 
imuppo pionnacra buille a ccionn a Daim, "| buille oile a ^cfnn 
na bo. T?o loplarhaigpic mumncep an pi pein 50 rpic ~] 50 cinnfp- 
nac DO biop i Do coipe, -] po cairpioo jup ba pairi^. Ra coDlac- 
cup 50 maic lapccain 50 ccdinig an rhaiDin. Ro pdiD pi ppfp TCop 
pa rhnaoi pein ip in maiDin. Mac pecap, a bfn, gep bo Daibbip a 
nallana an cfcpa, coniD Daibbpe anoppa, ap niapbaD a aon bo i 
a aon Darn Duinne. dp piop cpa pin, ap an bfn. Qpeb ap coip 
anop a paibbpiu^aD uainne. Gibe meiD lai^fo bo bepapae Don 
piop DO beppa a cucpuma Da rhnaoi. Qp maic na nabpae, ap an 
pi. Do paD cpa an pi aip^e Ian mop bo -j muca lomba -] caoipij 
co na mbuacaillib D'pionnacca. Do paD Dno bfn an pi DO rhnaoi 
pionacca an cucpuma ceDna. Do paDpaD Dno eDaie pameamla, 
-j eich maire Doib, agup jac ni pan^acrup a Ifp Don cpao^al. 

Niop bo cian lapccain cpa 50 ccdimc pionacca mapcpluag 
mop DO coi pfcap bo, ap na cuipeb Don cpiaip, -\ ppicaijiD aice 

paip. 

b Fera-Ross. A tribe and territory cross, in the county of Monaghan, and a 
comprising the county around Carrickma- part of the county of Louth. 



73 

the King of Fera-Ros b happened to wander and stray in the neigh- 
bourhood of Finnachta's hut. There never was before a worse night 
than this for storm, and snow, and darkness, and the King and his 
wife, with their numerous people, w^ere not able to reach the house 
which they desired to reach, in consequence of the intensity of the cold 
and the darkness; and their intention was to remain under the shelter 
of the trees. But Finnachta heard them express these intentions 
for they were not far from his hut at the time and he came to meet 
them on the way, and said to them that they had better come to his 
hut such as it was than to travel on that dark, stormy, cold night. 
And the King and his people said : " It is true it were better," said 
they, " and we are glad, indeed, that thou hast told us so." They 
afterwards came to his house ; and the size of the house was greater 
than its wealth. Finnachta, moreover, struck the ox on the head, 
and struck the cow on the head, and the King's own people actively 
and quickly prepared them on spit and in cauldron, and they ate 
thereof till they were satiated. They slept well afterwards till the 
morning came. The King of Fera-Ros said to his own wife, " Knowest 
thou not, woman, that this house was at first poor, and that it 
is now poorer, the owner having killed his only cow and his only ox 
for us ?" " This is indeed true," said the wife: " and it behoves us now 
to enrich it ; whatever much or little thou wilt give to the man, I will 
give the same amount to his wife." " Good is what thou sayest," 
said the King. The King then gave a large herd of cows, and many 
pigs and sheep, with their herdsmen, to Finnachta ; and the King's 
wife gave the same amount to the wife of Finnachta. They also gave 
them fine clothes, and good horses, and whatever they stood in need 
of in the world. 

It was not long after this until Finnachta came with a great troop 
of horse to the house of a sister of his, who had invited him, to be in- 

L vited 



74 

paip. Qg caibecc Doib na n-irnpim, ap ann oo jiala DO Clbarhndn 
na pgolai^e 65 beic 05 imcfcc na pligfo ceona, i balldn Ian Do 
lomom ap a rhuin, -\ 05 ceicfb Do pep an Tnapcpluag Don cpliib Do 
pala a cop ppia cloic, ) copchaip pein, "| Dno an balldn 50 nDfp- 
nab bpiops bpuap De, i jep bo luac Do na heochaib nfop bo nfrh, 
luaice DO Qoarhndn 50 na ballan bpipce pop a mum, ~\ pe Dubac 
Dobponac. O po conDaic pionnacud e no maib a paicbiub gdipe 
pain, 1 po baoi 50 naD pe hQcarhndn, Do jena pin pubac Dior, 
uaip apum compaicnfcpa ppia ^ac n-imnf6 DO cumanj : pogebpa a 
pojlainriD, ap pionnacra coimDioDnaD uaimpi, ] na bf 50 Dubac. 
Qpeb no paiD Qbamndn, a Dfj Dume, ap pe, acd abbap Dub 050111, 
uaip cpf meic lei-cpnn maire acaiD a naoinn^, i acaimne Da 
jiolla aca ~| apeD bfop giolla ap cimcioll uamn 05 lappaib bfram- 
naip Don coi^iop, i Dampa pdimg lappaib neire Daib aniu : pa 
cuaib an ciopbalca pd baoi a^ampa Doib po lap, ajup an nf ap 
Doilje ann .1. an balldn mpacca Do bpipiob, i gan a foe agom. 
'IcpaDpa an ballan, ap pmnacea, -j cu^pa lac an cuigfp puil 
ap DO p^drpa anocc jan biab 50 nuige an cfc D'd cciagaimne ; po 
jebaib biab -} lionn a^ainne. Oo pi^nfb arhlaib pin, cujjpac an 
coigiop cleipfc, i po coipjfb an cfc leanna, Ifc an coi^e Do clepcib 
~\ an lee aile DO laochaib. Qice QDaTYindin po Ifonab e 6 pac an 
ppiopao naofb, -\ ppipic paipcine, ] apeb po pdib : bub aipDpf Gip- 
eann, ap pe, an pfp Da ccugaD an plf^pa : ~] buD cfnD cpabaib ~\ 
eagna Gipfnn Qbarhndn, "| bub e anmcapa pionnacca, -\ biaib 
panacea i pfccnaije moip, co po oilbennnij Do Qbarhndn. 

Nfop 

c Broken vessel on his back. It appears master's cell to another, the Scoti wil- 

from a passage in Bede's "Eccl. His- lingly receiving them all, and taking care 

tory," lib. iii., c. 27, that the sons of to supply them with food, and to furnish 

the Saxon nobility who were studying in them with books to read, and their teaching 

Ireland in 646 " went about from one gratis." It is curious how much this re- 



75 

vited by him in his turn. As they rode along they met Adamnaii, 
who was then a young school-boy, travelling the same road, having a 
vessel full of milk on his back ; and as he ran off out of the way before 
the horsemen, his foot struck against a stone, and he fell with the ves- 
sel, which was broken to pieces, and, though the horsemen rode swiftly, 
they were not swifter than Adamnan with his broken vessel on his 
back , and he being sad and melancholy. When Finnachta perceived 
him, he burst into a fit of laughter, and he said to Adamnan : " That 
shall make thee glad, for I am willing to repair every injury in my 
power : thou shalt receive, school-boy," said Finnachta, " shelter 
from me, and be not sorrowful." What Adamnan said was : " 
good man," said he, " I have cause for being melancholy, for there 
are three good school-boys in one house, and they have us as two 
messengers, and there is always one messenger going about seek- 
ing food for the five; and it came to my turn to-day to seek for 
them. The gathering I had fell to the ground, and, what I grieve 
for more, the borrowed vessel has been broken, and I have not where- 
withal to pay for it." " I will pay for the vessel," said Finnachta ; 
" and do thou bring with thee the five who are without food depend- 
ing on thee, to the house to which we are going, and you shall receive 
food and drink from us." This was done accordingly : the four clerics 
were brought; and the ale-house was prepared, half the house for clerics, 
and the other half for laics. The tutor of Adamnan was filled with the 
grace of the Holy Spirit, and with the spirit of prophecy, and he said : 
" The man by whom this banquet is given shall be supreme monarch 
of Erin, and Adamnan shall be the head of the piety and wisdom of 
Erin, and he shall be the spiritual adviser of Finnachta, and Finnachta 
shall be in great repute until he shall offend Adamnan." 

Not 

sembles the modern " poor scholar of our was everywhere entertained by the Irish 
own times," who went about on foot, and peasantry on account of his learning. 

L 2 



7 6 

Nfop bo cian D'aimpip lap pin co ccdinic pionnacca -| jii 
Pop a capa pem leip o'jonnpaijiD bpdcap a acap, .1. Cionnpaolao, 
DO iappai6 pfpainn paip. Do pao Cfnopaolab dpDmoepaijeacc na 
TTIfDi uile 6 Sionumn 50 paipge Do, .1. ap ceicpi cuacaib picfc. 
T?o baoi pinacca ppi pe n-aimpipe amlaiD pin. Udimc D'd corn- 
aiple ppi a capuiD pen .1. pi pep Ropp, cia Do jenab, uaip nfp bo 
lop laip map po bof. Do paDpaibe Dna corhaiple cpuaiD cpoba 
66, ] ape6 po pdiD pip: Nac poinnfo Slije Qpail TTIibe pop 66? 
Ofnapa an oapa leic Do'n TTlhi6e copop caipipi Durpaccac DUIU, 
-] map bup raipipi 6uic an ler pin, ofna comoal ppip in Ifc eile, -j 
mapb a nDfjbaoine a puinn caua pai6e, "| nf namd biaplainpie na 
TT)i6e ajar, ace biaib ci6 pije Ufmpac beop, md6 ail Ifc. Do 
pi jne laparh pionnacca an comaiple pin, -j pa puagaip cac lap 
pin pop bpdraip a auap .1. pop CfnopaolaD. O Do cuala bfn 
CinDpaolaiD pin po bof aj beim pop a pfp 'man maopai jeacc Do 
paD D'pinacra ; ap ann po can an bfn : l?a laDpaD, uc puppa. Do 
paDa6 car 50 cpuaib cpoba froppa lap pin .1. eiDip CionnpaolaD ~\ 
pionnacra i n-Qipceallupa, "| po mapbao CmDpaola6 ann ~| poch- 
aiDe maille ppip. 1?o gab pionnacca lap pin pije n-6ipfnn pa 
piciD bliabam. 

dp 6 an pionnacca pin po rhaic an mbopama Do ITiolinj, ap 
na cobac la cfcpacaiD pf perhi pin anall, .1. 6 Uhuacal Ufccmap 

5 

d Sinainn. i. e. the River Shannon. A. D. 157, p. 104. 

Ancient Meath extended from the River f Ut supra. See above, under A. D. 

Shannon to the sea. 675. 

e Slighe-Asail. An ancient road ex- e Twenty years. This is correct. He 

tending from the Hill of Tara in the di- succeeded in 675, and was slain 1 4th Nov., 

rection of Lough Owel and the Shannon. 695. 

It divided ancient Meath into two equal h Borumha. This was an exorbitant 

parts, not east and west, as at present, tax, said to have been originally imposed 

but north and south. See Ann. Four M., on the Leinster-men by the monarch Tua- 



77 

Not long after this, Finnachta and his friend the King of Fera- 
Ros came to his father's brother, Cennfaeladh, to ask land of hirn, 
and Cennfaeladh gave him the head stewardship of all Meath from 
the Sinainn d to the sea, i. e. over twenty-four territories. Finnachta 
was thus situated for some time. He came to consult with his own 
friend, the King of Fera-Eos, as to what he should do, for he was 
not satisfied with his station. His friend gave him a hard and wicked 
advice, and he said to him : " Does not Slighe-Asail 6 divide Meath 
into two equal parts ? Make thou one half of Meath faithfully 
loyal to thee ; and when this half is loyal to thee, appoint a meeting 
with the other half, and kill their chieftains who are their leaders in 
battle, and thou shalt not only have the full sovereignty of Meath, 
but also of Teamhair, if thou wilt." Finnachta followed this advice ; 
and he afterwards challenged his father's brother to battle, viz. Cenn- 
faeladh. When Cennfaeladh's wife heard this, she was reproaching 
her husband for having given the stewardship of Meath to Finnachta. 
It was then the woman sung : " There closed," &c., ut supra*. After 
this a battle was vigorously and bravely fought between them; viz. 
between Cennfaeladh and Finnachta, at Aircealtra, where Cennfae- 
ladh and numbers of others were slain along with him ; after which 
Finnachta assumed the monarchy of Erin [and reigned] twenty 
years g . 

It was this Finnachta that remitted the Borumha h to Moling after 
it had been levied during the reigns of forty kings previously, viz. 

from 

thai Techtmhar ill the second century. It 696, p. 298. Acts of this kind attributed 

was the cause of many battles, but was at to the Irish saints, as if laudable, by their 

at length remitted by Finnachta at the biographers, are a curious evidence of the 

request of St. Moling, who is represented rudeness of the times, and have been cen- 

in the text as having deceived him by a sured by the earlier Bollandists in the 

mental reservation. See Ann. F. M., severest terms. 



7 8 

jo pionnacca, Udinig lapam DTlolinj 6 Caijnib uile D'lappaib 
maicme na bopoma pop pionnacea. "Rd lapp epa moling ap 
pinnacca maieim na bopoma ppia la ~| aibce. T?a maic iapam 
pmacea an boporha ppia la -] aibce. "Rob lonann 05. TTloling pin 
agap a maieim cpe bfce : uaip nf ppuil 'p an aim pip ace lo ~| aibce. 
bd DOI imuppo la pinnacca ap aon lo -j aon aibce namd. Udini^ 
TTloling peirhe amac, ] apfo po pdi6; Uugaip caipoe impe cpe 
bfre "| ane ; po jeall TTlolmg nfrii t>pionnacca. Ro cuig Dno 
pinacca jup po rheall TTlolm^ 6, -j aopubaipc ppia a riiuincip : 
eipi6 ap pe i nofjaib an ouine naoirh Do cuai6 uaim, ~| abpafb pip 
nac ccu^upa acr cdipbe aon laoi -j aon aibcebo; uaip an oap Ifm, 
po meall an Duine riaorii me, uaip nf ppuil ace la "] aoaij; ip in 
mbioc uile. O po pioip TTlolinj imuppo 50 cnocpaibe na ofghaib 
pa pioc 50 epic nnneapnac 50 pdmij a cfc, -j nf pugpao it)ip mum- 
cip an pf paip. 

Q6 beipaio apaile 50 pug moling ouan laip o'pionnachca .1. 
pionnacca pop Uib Neill *\c (ard pin 'p in bopoma 'pin liobuppa 
pjpiobca). Ro maicfb cpa an bopoma oo TTlolmg 6 pin 50 bpac, 
1 ciap bo haicpeac la pionnacca nfop pfo a cobac, uaip ap DO 
cionn nime po maic. 6c hoc epc uepiup. 

In jcu. anno ab hoc anno po maic pionnacca an bopuma rainig 
CtDamndn po ceDoip D'lonnpaijib pinacca cap eip TTlolinj, ] po 
cuip clepeac D'a muinncip ap cionn pionnacca 50 ccfopab Da 05 
allarh. Qp ann po bof pinnacca 05 imipc piccille. Uaip D'agal- 
lam Qbamndin, ap an clepeac. Nf pacab 50 Dcaip an cluici pi, 

ap 

1 The book called the Borumha There is much in the style of this story, but less 

a copy of this historical tract preserved in modernized. It is interspersed with quo- 

the Book of Lecan, and another in Tri- tations from ancient Irish poems adduced 

nity College, Dublin, H. 2, 18. See in proof of the historical facts related by 

Ann. F. M., A. D. 106, p. 100. It is its author. 



79 

from Tuathal Techtmhar, to Finnachta. Moling came [as an am- 
bassador] from all Leinster to request a remission of the Borumha 
from Finnachta. Moling asked of Finnachta to forgive the Borumha 
for a day and a night. Finnachta forgave the Borumha for a day 
and a night. This to Moling was the same as to forgive it for 
ever, for there is not in time but day and night. But Finnachta 
thought it was one [natural] day and night. Moling came forth 
before him, and said : " Thou hast given a respite respecting it for 
ever, and yesterday ;" Moling promised heaven to Finnachta. But 
Finnachta conceived that Moling had deceived him, and he said to 
his people : " Go," said he, " in pursuit of this holy man, who has 
gone away from me, and say unto him that I have not given respite 
for the Borumha, to him, but for one day and one night, for methinks 
the holy man has deceived me, for there is but one day and one night 
in the whole world." But when Moling knew that they were coming 
in pursuit of him, he ran actively and hastily till he reached his house, 
and the people of the King did not come up with him at all. 

Others say that Moling brought a poem with him to Finnachta, 
beginning : " Finnachta over the Race of Niall," &c. (and this poem 
is written in the book called the Borumha) 1 . However, the Borumha 
was forgiven to Moling from that till judgment ; and though Fin- 
nachta was sorry for it, he was not able to levy it, for it was for the 
sake of [obtaining] heaven he had remitted it. Et hoc est verius. 

In the fifteenth year from the year in which Finnachta had for- 
given the Borumha, Adamnan came to Finnachta after Moling, 
and he sent a cleric of his people to Finnachta that he might come to 
converse with him. Finnachta was then playing chess. " Come to 
converse with Adamnan," said the cleric. " I will not till this game 
is finished," said Finnachta. The cleric returned to Adamnan, and 
told him the answer of Finnachta. " Go thou to him, and say to 

him 



8o 

ap pionnacca. Udmi^ an clepeac b'ionnpoiib Qbamnain, -| po 
innip pp%pa pionnacca bo. Gipjpb-pi ba lonnpoi^ib pom, -j abaip 
pip : ^ebao-pa caogab palm anaipfo pin, "| acd palm 'p aT1 caogaib 
pn, i ^uibpfo-pa an coimbfb pin cpalmpam conac ^etia mac na 
ua buicpi no pfp DO comanma 50 bpdc pije n-'Gipenn. T?a cuaib 
bno an clepeac, -j po pdib pe piormacca pin, -] ni capao pionnacca 
oa uibe, acu po imbip a pircill 50 ccapnaij; an cluice. "Caip 
D'agallarn Q6amndin, a pionnacca, ap an clepeac. Ni pa^, ap 
pionnacca, 50 craip an cluicipi. Ro innip an clepeac pain DO 
Qoamnan. Qbaippi ppippiom, ap Qoamndn, jeBaDpa cao^aD 
palm an aipfo pin, ~\ acd palm 'p an cao^aiD pin, "| lapppaDpa ipm 
palm pin, i cuinspfopa ap an ccoimbfo ^aipDe paogail Dopam. 
17a innip an clepeac pin b'pmacoa, -j nf capaD pionnacca Da 
paoiDe, acr pa imbip a piucill 50 ccapnaij an cluice. 'Caip 
D'agallab Qbamndin, ap an clepeac. Nf paj ap pionnacca 50 
ccaip an cluicipi. Udinic an clepeac, "| pa innip DO Qbamndn 
ppeagpa pionnacca. 6ip5pi bd lonnpoi^ib, ap Qbamndn, i abaip 
ppip, ^ebabpa an cpfp caogab, i aca palm 'p ari caogaib pin, -j 
juibpfopa an coirhbfb 'pan cpalm pain na puijipiom plaiciup nime. 
Cdimc an clepec peme 50 pionnacca, ~\ pa innip pin. TTlap po 
cuala pmnacca pain po cuip an piccill 50 hobann uab, -j cdinic 
b'lonnpoigib Qbamndin. Ci bob cug annopa cujam, ap Qoam- 
ndn, 1 na ccdngaip pip na ceccaipeaccaib eile ? Qpeb po bepa 
bam, ap pionnacca, an comaoibfrh bo poinip peme po opm .1. 5an 
mac na ua uaim bo abcnl pije, -\ ^an peap mo comanma i pie 
n-6ipfnn, no ^aipbe paojail bam; ebpom popom paib, an can 
imuppo po eallaipi nfm bo ^aib popm, ap uime cdnag 50 hobann 
DO b'agallabpi ; uaip n( ppuil a pulaingpaibe a^am-pa. 

Qn piop, ap Qbamnan an bhopama bo maiceann buic Id "j 
aibce bo TTloling ? Qp pfop, ap pionnacca, Ro meallab cu, ap 

Qbamnan, 



8i 

him that I shall sing fifty psalms during that time, and that there is 
a psalm among that fifty in which I shall pray the Lord that a son 
or grandson of his, or a man of his name, may never assume the so- 
vereignty of Erin." The cleric accordingly went and told that to 
Finnachta, but Finnachta took no notice, but played at his chess till 
the game was finished. " Come to converse with Adamnan, Fin- 
nachta !" said the cleric. " I will not go," said Finnachta, " till this 
[next] game is finished." The cleric told this to Adamnan. " Say 
unto him," said Adamnan, " that I will sing fifty psalms during that 
time, and that there is a psalm among that fifty in which I will ask 
and beseech the Lord to shorten his life for him." The cleric told this to 
Finnachta, but Finnachta took no notice of it, but played away at his 
chess till the game was finished. " Come to converse with Adamnan," 
said the cleric. " I will not," said Finnachta, " till this game is 
finished." The cleric told to Adamnan the answer of Finnachta. 
" Go to him," said Adamnan, " and tell him that I will sing the third 
fifty psalms, and that there is a psalm in that fifty in which I will 
beseech the Lord that he may not obtain the kingdom of heaven." 
The cleric came to Finnachta and told him this. When Finnachta 
heard this, he suddenly put away the chess from him, and he came 
to Adamnan. " What has brought thee to me now, and why didst 
thou not come at the other messages?" " What induced me to come," 
said Finnachta, " was the threats which thou didst hold forth to me, 
viz., that no son or grandson of mine should ever reign, and that no 
man of my name should ever assume the sovereignty of Erin, or that 
I should have shortness of life. I deemed these [threats] light ; but 
when thou didst promise me to take away heaven from me, I then 
came suddenly, because I cannot endure this." 

" Is it true," said Adamnan, " that the Borumha was remitted by 
thee for a day and a night to Moling ?" " It is true," said Finnachta. 

M " Thou 



82 

GDamndn, ap lonann pin ~\ a mairfrh rpe bire, -j ap amlaiD po bof 
50 accoppan, ] po paiD an laoiD: 

Qniu 50 cfnglaiD cuaca an pi cpmleic gan Deoa, 
Qn buap DO riiaic Do TTloling Decbip Don cin^ nip peDa ; 
OamaD mipi pionnacca, pgo mab me plaic Uerhpa, 
^o bpdc noca accibepamn, nf Dinjenamn a nofpna. 
^ac pi nac maicfnn a ciup ap paoa bio a p^ela. 
TDaipj DO paD an Dail, an cf ap lag ap DO ap mela. 
Do apnaccap Do paopa, ap ap baopa 50 mbinne, 
TTlaipg pig po riiair a ciupa, a lopa nfimba nirhe. 
Socla gac nfc o rpeabup, ap maip^ Ifnap Do liaua, 
Qp paDa an Dalpa macaice, ba paice ^omba piaca. 
Daiiipa pfpi puabup cpu, po caipnpinn mo bi'oDbaba 
17o roigebainn mo Diongna, pobpac iom6a rn'iopgala 
17obDip iom6a rn'iop^ata, mo bpiarpa nibDip ^uaca. 
PobDip pfopa mo Dala, pobDfp lana mo ruaca. 
PobDip lompoigpi m'aipDe, mo Dala pobDfp Daingne. 
Qn Dal pa, cia ciam ba recmaing, nf lecpaifi pe Caigne. 
^)Ui6impi iuge pop Dhia, nacum caip bap no bao^al, 
^up po repno aniu rHolin^, nf Dfc DO pinn no Dpaobap. 

TTlac paillen pfp Dap m, nf claipiDfp Dapa naapa. 

Ro 

k Thou hast been deceived. This story is example of clerical special pleading and 

found in the tract called the " Borumha mental reservation, in the equivocation 

Laighen," but the antiquity of that tract, by which he is represented to have pro- 

in its present form, cannot be very great, cured their release from that impost." 

A writer in the " Dublin University Ma- The whole story is, however, a mere bar- 

gazine" for Feb., 1848, p. 225, says die fiction as regards Adamnan and Mo- 

" that it would have been better for the ling ; but it must be confessed that it was 

people of Leinster to have continued to universally read and received as true in 

pay the Borumean tribute to this day than ancient times by the people of Leinster 

that their St. Moling should have set an and Ulster, and must have exercised a 



3 

" Thou hast been deceived" k , said Adamnan, " for this is the same as 
to remit it for ever." And he went on scolding him, and sung the lay: 

To-day, though they bind the locks of the white-haired toothless 

King, 

The cows which he forgave to Moling are due to a wiser head. 
If I were Finnachta 1 , and that I were chief of Teamhair, 
Never would I forgive it ; I would not do what he has done. 
Of every king who remits not his tribute, long shall the stories 

remain. 

Woe to him who gave this respite ; to the weak it is sorrow ! 
Thy wisdom has ended, and given way to folly. 
Alas for the King who forgave his tributes, heavenly Jesus of 

heaven ! 

Weak is every one who is anile ; woe ! who follow grey-beards ! 
Long is this bargain to last ; longer till the debts are due ! 
Were I a king who sheds blood, I would humble my enemies, 
I would raise up my fortresses, many would be my conflicts. 
Many would be my conflicts : my words would not be false. 
Just would be my compacts, full would be my territories. 
Visible would be my qualities, firm would be my treaties. 
This treatyshould ithappento me,I would not cedetoLeinster-men. 
I ask a petition from God, that death or danger may not over- 

take me, 
That Moling may this day escape, may he not perish by point or 

edge [of weapon]. 

Mac Faillen, from beyond the sea, will not be driven over sea. 

He 

demoralizing effect upon their minds. race of Tuathal to renew this tribute. In 

1 If I were Finnachta. These lines one of the poems addressed to Turlough 
were evidently fabricated by some war^ Luinech O'Neill, he is advised to renew 
like poet who wished to stimulate the the Borumha. 

M 2 



fto pioip puna mic Oe, po pioip mac De apuna. 

Upi cao^ait) palm ^ac Oia, apeb ^ebiup ap Dlna. 

Upf cao^aio bocr peolpoipee, apeb biarup 506 noibce. 

Qn bile bua6a bipi, an pipib $up na pfppaib 

Con^ Ifpoa po puaip pailce, conn beapba baipce bpeapail, 

Qn Ion 6ip ap an inne, an clap oip op na clannaib, 

'Gigne Oub^laipi Duinne, puaim coinne conn ppia halla. Qmu. 

T?o capinn rpa lap pin pionnacra a cfrm a n-ucc Qoarhnain, 
1 DO pine airpije 'na piabnaipi, ~\ poloj Qbamnan DO mairfrh na 
boparha. 

Jlal. TTlopp Col^an mic pailbe plainn, pi TTluman. Car eoip 
huib Cinnpilai^ -| Oppaigib, in quo Uuaim priarha .1. Cicaipe, pi 
Oppaije occipup epr. paolan Sfncupcul, pi hUa cdnnpiolaij 
uiccop puic. Unoe 

Qn car la Uuaim pnarha nip eitnp [.i. nip ba eiOip] 
Diambepc peaccup nao ecail [.i. naofcoil leip a rabaipr] 



paolan cdipoe ap eijm 

m Berlha. i. e. the River Barrow, on 
the banks of which St. Moling erected his 
monastery. Breasal, here referred to, was 
Breasal Breac, one of the Pagan kings of 
Leinster, who is much celebrated by the 
Irish poets for his naval exploits. He is 
the ancestor of all the great families of 
Leinster and Ossory. See Eeeves's " Eccl. 
Antiq. of Down, Connor, and Dromore," 
p. 200. 

" Dubhghlaise. Now Douglas, a stream 
in the east of the Queen's County, which 
falls into the Eiver Barrow. 

Forgave him. Finnachta had com- 
mitted a great sin against the race of Tua- 



06 

thai by forgiving the Borumean tribute to 
gain heaven for himself, or by allowing 
himself to be outwitted by St. Moling. To 
remit the Borumha in order to gain heaven 
for himself was doubtless to deprive the race 
of Tuathal Techtmhar of a great revenue for 
a selfish purpose ; but to allow himself to be 
outwitted by St. Moling was scarcely a sin 
on the part of the King, for it appears that 
Finnachta had no notion of remitting the 
Borumha atall. He merely promised to stay 
the levying of it for one natural day and 
night, which St. Moling, by a kind of logic 
not very intelligible, interpreted to mean 
for ever, and this interpretation Adamnan 



He knows the secrets of the Son of God ; the Son of God knows 

his secrets. 

Thrice fifty psalms each day he sings to God ; 
Thrice fifty paupers, worthy deed, he feeds each night. 
The virtuous, productive tree, the seer with the visions, 
The foreign ship which has found welcome, 
The wave of Berbha m of the ship of Breasal, 
The golden treasure from the centre, the golden board over the tribes, 
The salmon of the brown Dubhghlaise n , the wave-sound, the wave 

against the cliff. 

After this Finnachta placed his head in the bosom of Adamnan, 
and he did penance in his presence, and Adamnan forgave him for 
the remission of the Borumha. 

[678.] Kal. The death of Colgu p , son of Failbhe Flann, King of 
Munster. A battle [was fought] between the Ui-Ceinnseallaigh and 
the Osraighi, in which Tuaim-snamha, i. e. Cicaire, King of Osraighe, 
was slain. Faelan Senchustal, King of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, was the 
victor. On which was said : 

The battle by Tuaim-snamha could not be gained q ; 
Which he fought against his will, 
Faelan respite, with difficulty, 

is represented as having approved of. In race of Tuathal Techtmhar on this occa- 

the historical tract called the " Borumean sion, although the latter had no idea that 

Tribute," St. Moling is represented as re- the word was to be used in that sense, 

questing the King to forgive the Borumha See Ann. F. M., A. D. 106, p. 99, and 

till Luan, i. e. Monday, in the ordinary A. D. 593, p. 216, et seq. 

sense of the word, but it appears that f Colgu.-~ A. D. 677. "Toimsnama, rex 

Lucm also meant the Day of Judgment; Osraigi, quievit. Mors Colggen mic Failbei 

and St. Moling insisted on this being the Flainn, regis Muman." Ann. Hit. 

true meaning of the word as used in the q Gained. The words within brackets 

compact between him and the head of the in the Irish text are given as a gloss over 



86 



Do t>op pat> po copmaile ba bpac a bponnab 
J5o ccug ^lalla Oppaijje o ra buana 50 Cumap. 

Car Ouin loca. Cac Cia^ TTlaoldm. Car i Calarpop in quo 
uicrup epc Dorhnall bpeac. paolan (.1. Oalca Caoim^in) mac 
Colmain, pf Lai^ean mopicup. 

Cfuiep pailbe ab lae. 

"jQal. Cac ecip pionnacca ] becc mboipce. Incipic piana- 
mail pegnape pop CainiB. 

]Qal. Colman ab bfnncaip quieuir. 

Lop^ab na pio^ i nOun Ceiripn .1. Dun^al mac Sjanail, pi 
Cpuirne, -] Cfnnpaolao mac SuiBne, pi Ciannacca ^linne ^aimin; 
la TDaolouin mac TTlaolpicpi^ po lopgao. 

Ciap in^fn Ouibpea. 

l^al. 5 uin Cmnpaolai6 mic Colgain, pf Connacc. 

Car Rara moipe TTIai^e line ppi bpearnu, t>u i ccopcaip 
Cauupac mac TTlaolDuin, pf Cpuicne, -] Ulcdn mac Diocolla. 

TTlopp 
nip eibip and na becail respectively. 

r From Buana to Cumor. This is pro- 
bably a mistake for, "from Bladma to 
Cumar," i. e. from Slieve Bloom to the 
Cumar, or Meeting of the Three "Waters, 
which was the extent of the ancient Ossory, 
and is still that of the diocese of Ossory. 



Dun-locha. Probably Dunloe, in the 
county of Kerry. This entry, and the 
following, are not to be found in any of 
the other Annals. 

* Liag-Maelain. Not identified. 

u Calatros. A place in the west of 
Scotland. See Beeves' "Adamnan," p. 
j23, and Ann. Tilt., A. D. 677. Domh- 
nall Brec was King of Scotland, 



T Faelan. His death is entered in the 
Ann. Clonm. at the year 663, and in the 
F. M. at 665. St. Caeimhghin, the tutor 
of this king, died in the year 618. 

x Faillhe. Ann. Hit. 678, Tigh. 679. 
He was the immediate predecessor of 
Adamnan, who makes a distinct allusion 
to him in his " Vit. Columbae," lib. i., 
c. 3 (Reeves, p. 26). 

y Bee Boirche. " A.D.678, Bellum con- 
tra Bee mBoirche." Ann. Ult. TigTi. 679. 

1 Colman. " A.D. 679 {TigJi. 680]. Col- 
man, abbas Benchair, pausat." Ann. Ult. 

* Dun Ceithirn. Now called the 
Giant's Sconce. It is an ancient cyclo- 
pean fort situate in the parish of Dunbo, 



8; 

To him gave, in appearance, his grant was betrayal, 

So that he took the hostages of Osraighe from Buana to Cumor r . 

The battle of Dun-locha 8 . The battle of Liag-Maelain*. A bat- >< 
tie was fought in Calatros u , in which Domhnall Breac was conquered. 
Faelan v (the alumnus of Caimhghin), son of Colman, King of Lein- 
ster, died. 

[679.] The death of Failbhe*, Abbot of la. 

Kal. A battle between Finnachta and Bee Boirche y . Fian- 
amhail began to reign over Leinster. 

[680.] Kal. Colman 2 , Abbot of Benchair, died. 

[681.] The burning of the kings in Dun-Ceithirn a , i. e. Dunghal, 
son of Sgannal, King of the Cruithni, Cennfaeladh, son of Suibhne, 
King of Cianacta-Glinne Gaimhin b ; by Maelduin, son of Maelfith- 
righ, they were burnt. 

Ciar c , daughter of Duibhrea. 

[682.] Kal. The killing of Cennfaeladh d , son of Colgan, King of 
Connaught. 

The battle of Rath-mor of Magh-line e against the Britons, in 
which were slain Cathasach, son of Maelduin, King of the Cruithni f , 
and Ultan, son of Dicolla. 

The 

in the north of the county of London- January, and Ann. F. M., A. D. 679 ; 
deny. " A. D. 680 [Tigh. 68 1.] Combus- Tigh. 68 1. 

tio Eegum in Dun-Ceithirn," &c. Ann. d Cennfaeladh. A.D. 68 1 \_Tigh. 6%z~\. 
Ult. Jugulatio Cinnfaela mic Colgen, regis Con- 

b Ciannachta- Glinne Gaimhin. Now nacie." Ann. Ult. 

the barony of Keenaght, in the present e Rathmor of Magh-line. Now Rath- 
county of Londonderry. more, a townland containing the remains 
c Ciar. She is the patroness of the of a large earthen rath with a cave, situate 
parish of Kilkeary, in the barony of Up- in the parish of Donegore, near the town 
per Ormond, county of Tipperary. See of Antrim. See Ann. F. M., A. D. 680. 
Colgan's Acta SS., p. 14-16, at 6th f Cruithni. i. e. the Picts of Dalaradia. 



88 

TTlopp Suibne mic TTIaelurha ppmcepip Copcaige [i. poncipiap 
Copcagienpip]. 

]Qal. DunchaD TTIuipipse mac TTlaoilDuib lujjulacup epc. 

GDamnan DO ^abail aboaine lae. 

Car Copainn i ccopchaip Colga mac blacmaic, ~\ pfpgup mac 

Tllaolbuin, pi Cineil Caipppe. 

Inicium mopralicanp pnepopum in menpe Occobpip, quae puic 
rpibup annip in hibepma. 

Cfuiep Qipmfoai^ na Cjiaibe. 

]Qal. TTlopcalicap piliopum in qua omnep pjimcipep ec pepe 
omnep nobilep iiiuenum Scocopum pepiepunr. 

f?al. Sa^onep campum bpeagh oeuapranc, ec plupimap 6ccle- 
pia. 

]Qal. Domnall bpeac mac Gacac bufoe moncuup epr. 

Cfuiep banbdin pjpiba Cille Dapa. 

]sal. C[uiep Oocuma Chonoc, ab jjlinne Da loca. 

Cfuiep Roipene ab Copcai^e. 

Ip in Bliabain pi po puaplaig Qbamnan an bpaiDpugpaD Sapcoin 
a h6ipinn. 

Cac Ouin Neaccain iccip mac Oppa, -j bpuire mac bile uic- 
rop puir [pic]. 

Sancca 
8 Suibline. Ann. Ult. 68 1 ; Tigh. Reeves' s "Adamnan," page xliv. 

682. ' The battle of Corann Ann. F. M. 

h Cork. The words in brackets in the 68 1 ; Ann. Ult. 682 ; Tigh. 683. 
Text are written as a gloss over the words m Mortality of children. Ann. Ult. 682 ; 
" Princepis [sic] Corcaighe." Tigh. 683 ; Brut y Tywysog. and Ann. 

1 Dunchadh Muirisge. Ann. Ult. 682 ; Cambr. 683. 

Tigh. 683 ; F. M. 68 1. n Airmeadhach of Craebh. i. e. Abbot 

k Adamnan. This entry is out of place of Craebh Laisre, a place near Clonmac- 
here. It should have been inserted after noise. Ann. Ult. 682 ; F. M. 68 1 ; Tigh. 
the death of Failbhe, A. D. 679. See 683. 



8 9 

Thedeath of Suibhne*, son of Maelumha, prince [i.e. abbot] of Cork h . 

[683.] Kal. Dunchadh Muirisge 1 , son of Maeldubh, was killed. 

Adamnan k assumed the abbacy of la. 

The battle of Corann 1 , in which were slain Colga, son of Blath- 
mac, and Fergus, son of Maelduin, King of Cinel-Cairbre. 

The beginning of the mortality of children in the month of Octo- 
ber, which continued for three years in Ireland. 

The repose of Airmeadhach of Craebh n . 

[684.] Kal. The mortality of the children, in which all the princes 
and almost all the nobles of the youth of the Scoti perished. 

[685.] Kal. The Saxons devastated the plain of Breagh, and 
many churches. 

[686.] Kal. Domhnall Breac, son of Eochaidh Buidhe [King of v 
Scotland], died. 

The repose of Banbhan p , scribe of Cill-dara. 

[687] Kal. The repose of Dochuma Chonoc q , Abbot of Gleann- 
da-locha. 

The repose of Roisene 1 , Abbot of Corcach. 

In this year Adamnan ransomed the captives 8 whom the Saxons 
had carried away from Erin. 

The battle of Dun Neachtain*, between the son of Ossa and Bruide", V 
son of Bile, in which the latter was the victor. 

The 

The Saxons. Ann. Tilt. 684; Tigh. ' Ransomed the captives. A. D. 686, or 
685 ; Ann. F. M. 683 ; Saxon Chron. 684. 687, Ann. Ult, and 689, Tigh. SeeBeeves's 

p Banbhan. Ann. Ult. 685 ; Tigh. 686. " Adamnan," pp. 186, 187, notes. 
q Dochuma Chonog. Ann. Ult. 686; * Dun Neachtain. Now Dunnichen, a 

Tigh. 687. parish in Forfarshire. The Ann. Ult. 685, 

1 Eoisene. "A. D. 686 {Tigli. 687]. and Tigh. 686, say that this battle was 
Dormitatio Rosseni, abbatis Corcaidhe fought on Saturday, 20th May, which 
mare" [great Cork: mare for m6ri\. Ann. agrees with 685. See Sax. Chron. 685. 
Ult. u Bruide He was King of the Picts ; 

N 



9 



Sancca Goelopifca, Chpipci pegiria, pilia Qnnae pejip Ctn^lo- 
pum, ec ppimo ec alcepi uipo pepmagnipico, ec popcea 6oelppitx> 
pegi, coniupc t>aca epc; poprquam ;rii anno chopum incoppupca 
pepuauir mapiralem pope pe^inam pumpco uelamine pacpo uip^o 
panccimonialip eppicirup, quae pope pcui. pepulcupae cum uepce 
qua inuoluca epc incoppupca pepepicup. 

Q. O. 686. |val. Car Imbleacha phfch, i ccopchaip Oubodin- 
bfp, pi Qpoa Ciannacca, "j Uapcpaire hUa Oippin : unt>e ^abop- 
cfnn cecmir : 

bponac Conailli nioiu oecbip Ooib lap n-Uapcpi6iu, 
Nf ba eallma biap gfn, i n-apo lap n-Duboa inbfp. 

In hoc bello alienam pacienp bormnacioneTn Ciannachcea 
^enp ppiuaca epc pegno. 

Segine 6pp ab Qpomacha. 

Cuubepcup 6pp quieuic. 

Cana mac ^apcnain mopicup. Conpcancinup Impepacop 
mop, CU p. 



"Rex Fortrenn;" Tigh. 686; THt. 685. 
Ecfrid, son of Ossa (i. e. Ecgfrith, son of 
Oswin) is called King of the Saxons. 
Reeves's " Adamnan," p. 1 86, note. Lap- 
penberg (Hist, of Engl.). "Geneal. of the 
Kings of Bernicia," voL i., 289 (Thorpe's 
Transl.). 

Y Etheldrida. Or Aedilthryd. Bede, 
" EccL Hist," lib. iv., c. 19. She is often 
called St. Audryin England. Shedied A.D. 
679, according to the Saxon Chronicle. 

r Ethel/rid. More correctly Ecgfrid, or 
Ecgfrith. He was King of Northumbria. 
This paragraph is extracted from Bede's 



CJiron. sive de sex cetatilus sceculi, A. D. 688 
("Works, ed. Giles, vol. vi., p. 327), and is 
very corruptly transcribed. Bede's words 
are: "Sancta et perpetua virgo Christi 
.^Edilthryda, filia Annae regis Anglorum, 
et primo alteri viro permagnifico, et post 
Ecfrido regi conjunx data, post quam xii. 
annos thorum incorrupta servavit marita- 
lem, post reginam sumpto velamine sacro 
virgo sanctimonialis efficitur : nee mora 
etiam virginum mater et nutrix pia sanc- 
tarum, accepto in construendum monaste- 
rium loco quem Elge vocant : cujus merita 
vivacia testatur etiam mortua caro, quae 



9* 

The Queen of Christ, St. Etheldrida v , daughter of Anna, King of 
the [East] Angles, who had been first given in marriage to another 
nobleman, and afterwards to King Ethelfrid x ; after she had preserved 
her marriage-bed incorrupted for twelve years, the holy virgin, after 
she had become Queen, took the sacred veil, and became a nun; who 
sixteen years after her interment was found uncorrupted, as well as 
the shroud in which she had been wrapt. 

[687.] A.D. 686. The battle of Imblech Phich y , in which were 
slain Dubhdainbher, King of Ard-Cianachta z , and Urchraithe Ua 
h-0ssin a ; whence Gabhorchenn cecinit : 

Sorrowful are the Conailli this day ; they have cause after Uar- 

craithe. 
Not in readiness shall be the sword in Ard, after Dubhdainbher. 

In this battle the race of the Cianachta passed under the domi- 
nion of another family, and was deprived of its power. 
Segine b , Bishop, Abbot of Ard-inacha [died]. 
Cuthbertus, bishop, quievit. 
Cana c , son of Gartnan, died. Constantine, the Emperor, died. 



post xvi. annos sepulturse cum veste qua to near Drumiskin, Co. Louth. 

involuta est incorrupta reperitur." a Urchraidhe Ua h-Ossin. "Huarcride 

y Imblech Phich. Now Emlagh, near nepos Osseni." Ann. Ult. 687. " Uar- 

Kells, county of Meath. Ann. F. M. 686 ; cridhe hUa hOssine, righ Conaille." 

Ann. Ult. 687 ; Tigh. 688. Tigh. 688. See F. M. at A. D. 686. 

1 Ard Cianachta. Now the barony of b Segine. F. M. 686 ; Ann. Ult. 687 ; 

Ferrard, Co. Louth. The Cianachta were Tigh. 688. Cuthbert was Bishop of Lin- 

of the race of Cian, son of Oilioll Olum, disfarne. Ussher's "Primordia," pp. 944, 

King of Munster. Tadhg, son of Cian, ob- 945; Bede, "Hist. Eccl.," iv. 27. 
tained this territory in the third century c Cana __ See Tigh. 688 ; Ult. 687. The 

from Cormac Mac Airt, King of Ireland ; Emperor Constantine IV., surnamed Pogo- 

the district extended from the Eiver Liffey natus, died in 685. 

Na 



9 2 

f?ccl. 5 uin fr'apmccfca TTlibe, mic Qiprnfoai^ Chaoic; De quo 
bancamce i nQonac Uaillcfn cecinic : 

Sia Oiapmaio top pop pern, pion $abla po Ienai6 laoich, 
ba hfo uball abla oip, pian mapa moip mac an Chaoic. 



Cfuiep beccdin ab Cluana ipaipo. 

^nacnac abbacippa Cille oapa. 

5 uin Congaile mic TTlaoileouin, mic Qoba bfnnain, pi niurhan. 

lupcimanup minop impepac annip p. 

fval. Cpondn mac hUa Cualna ab bfnncaip quieuic. PIC- 
ciollac macplainn pi hUa TTldine mopicup. Ctilill mac Oungaile 
piCpuicne mopicup. 

|val. Qoamnanup pin anno pope obicum pailbe ab. lae ao 
hibepmam uenir. pfpjap mac CtoDain, pf an cuigib mopicup. 
5in Paolcaip pi Oppaige. 5 uin CinnpaolaiD mic TTlaoilbpea- 
pail la CaigniB. 

]Qal. bpuioe mac bile pi poipcpean mopicup. 

TTIaicim na bopama la pionnacca oo ITlolinj, ap na bpeic la 
pel. pi, unoe oicicup : 

Cfcpaca 

d Diarmaid Midhe. Or Diarmait of f Congal, son of Maelduin. Ann. F. M. 

Meath, i. e. King ofMeath. "Jugulatio 687. 

Diarmata m c . Ainnethaigh, .1. r. Midhi, la g Jmtinianus minor. Began to reign 

h Aed m c . nDluthaigh r. FercuL" Tigh. 685, and reigned ten years, when he was 

689 ; Ult. 688. The female poet here deposed, and his nose cut off. This entry 

quoted is unknown. is out of its proper place. 

e Beccan. Ult. 689, where he is called h Cronan Mac Ua Cualna. Ann. F. M. 

" Dobecog of Cluain Aird," which is cor- 688 ; Ann. Tilt. 690 ; Tigh. 691. 

rect. Tigh. 690, and F. M. 687, hare ' Fithchettach, son of Flann. Ann. F. 

Cluain Iraird. The devotional name Do- M. 688; Ann. Ult. 690; Tigh. 691. 

lecog, or Daleog, instead of the diminutive k Ailett, son of Dunghal Not in the 

Beccan, is used by Ult. and Tigh. published Annals. 



93 

[689.] Kal. The slaying of Diarmaid Midhe d , son of Airmheadh- 
ach Caech [i. e. blind], of whom the female satirist said at the fair of 
Tailtin : 

Diarmaid placed a bush on himself ; he of the fair arms who 

destroyed heroes. 

He was the apple of the golden orchard ; the King of the great 
sea was this son of the Caech [i. e. the blind]. 

[660.] Kal. The repose of Beccan 6 , Abbot of Cluain-Iraird. 

Gnathnat, Abbess of Cill-dara, [died.] 

The slaying of Congal, son of Maelduin f , son of Aedh Bennan, 
King of Munster. 

Justinianus minor g reigns ten years. 

[691.] Kal. Cronan Mac Ua Cualna h , Abbot of Benchair, died. 

Fithchellach, son of Flann 1 , King of TJi Maine, died. Ailell, son 
of DunghaP, King of the Cruithni, died. 

[692.] Kal. Adamnan 1 came to Ireland in the thirteenth year 
after the death of Failbhe, Abbot of la. Fergus, son of Aedhan, 
King of the province 111 , died. The slay ing of Faelchar 11 , King of Osraighe. 
The slaying of Cennfaeladh, son of Maelbresail, by the Leinster-men. 

[693.] Kal. Bruide, son of Bile , King of Foirtreann, died. 

The remission of the Borumha p by Finnachta to Moling, after it 
had been levied by forty kings, on which was said 

Forty 

1 Adamnan See Adamnan's " Vit. Co- Ult. 692. " Faolcar Ha Maolodra." F. M. 

lumbae" (ed. Beeves), p. 378. 690; Clonm. 688. 

m King of the province. i. e. of the ter- Bruide, son of Bile He was King of 
ritory of Uladh. " Fergus mac Aedain Fortrenn, or Pictland, and died in 693 
rex in Coicidh," [i. e. of the province] Eeeves's "Adamnan," p. 378. 
"obiit." Ann. Ult., A. D. 691. p The remission of the Borumha. See 

n Faelchar. "Faelchar hua Mailodrai." note , p. 84, supra, and F. M., A. D. 106, 
Tigh. 693. " FaelcarneposMaeleordae." p. 99, and A. D. 593, p. 216. 



94 

Cfrpaca pi Do pala, lapa puj;a6 an bopama 

'O aimpip Uuacail Ulacc^a 50 haimpip pioji pionnacca. 

Cecepa ppepcpippimup. 

TTIopp pianarhla mic TTIaoilecuile, pi Caifn. poicpfcan Da 
rhumcip pein poD mapb; unoe TTloling : 

Qn can con^aip pianariiail cu^ca a caorha uile, 
Q pomfnaD poicpfcan, baD beo mac TTlaolcuile. 

]Qal. bpan mac Conaill incipir pe^nape pop Lainib. 

Cpondn abacc ab Cluana mic Noip. 

ITiochua ballna quieuic. 

huiDpine TTlai^e bile quieuic. 

5um CfpbaiU mic ITlaoile o6pa pi hUa Neill. 

Cac eiDip Oppai^e -] Caijniu, in quo ceciDic paolcaip hUa 
TTlaoile ot>pa. 

Kal. HflapbaD pionnacca mic Ounchaba, pi 'Gpfnn, Da bpdicpib 
pen i bpeapal a mac maile ppip. Qp amlaib po po mapbaD .1. in 
can po paoiD pionnacca a mac bpeapal ip in puball i n-^peallaig 
OollaiD, cangaccap a bpaicpe pobccup aDbapcnaijcfca DO .1. CXob 
mac Olucaij i Congalac mac Conamg, gan aippijao Doib ipin 

puball 

q Fianamhail. This entry is out of entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

place. It is given by the F. M. at 678, and in the Ann. F. M. at the year 637. 

lilt. 679, the true year being 680, as in St. Cronan, of Balla, died in 693, ac- 

Tigh. cording to the Annals of Ulster. Tigh. 

r Bran, son of Conall. Ann. Clonm. 694 ; F. M. 692 ; so that there is probably 

685 ; F. M. 687. confusion. 

Cronan the Dwarf. See F. M. 692, HuidTirine F. M. 691 ; Tilt. 693. 

and Ann. Ult. 693, where he is called T Cearlhall. Ann. Ult. 693. 

Cronan Bee, i. e. the Little. Tigh. 694. * Faelchair. See above at A. D. 692. 

1 Mochua of Balla. This obit ap- i Finnachta. Ann. Clonm. 690 ; Ann. 

pears to be out of place here. It is F. M. and Tigh. 693 ; Ann. Ult. 694. 



95 

Forty kings there were, by whom the Borumha was levied, 
From the time of Tuathal of Tlachtgha, to the exact time of 
Finachta. 

Csetera praescripsimus. 

The death of Finamhail q , son of Maeltuile, King of Leinster. 
Foichsechan, one of his own people, killed him, of which Moling 
[said] 

When Fianamhail cried out, " At them, ye nobles all !" 
Had Foichsechan withheld, the son of Maeltuile would have 
lived. 

[694.] Kal. Bran, son of Conall r , began to reign over the Lein- 
ster-men. 

Cronan the Dwarf 8 , Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, [died]. 

Mochua, of Balla*, quievit. 

Huidhrine u , of Maghbile, quievit. 

The slaying of Cearbhall v , son of Maelodhra, King of the Ui- 
Neill [of Leinster(?)]. 

A battle [was fought] between the Osraighi and the Leinster-men, 
in which Faelchair x , grandson of Maelodhra, fell. 

[695.] Kal. The slaying of Finnachta y , son of Dunchadh, King 
of Erin and of Breasal, his son along with him, by his own brethren. 
This is the manner in which he was killed : when Finnachta sent 
his son Breasal into the tent at Greallach-Dollaidh 2 , his brethren, who 
were opposed to him, viz. Aedh, son of Dluthach, and Conghalach, 
son of Conaing, came, without being perceived by them, into the tent, 

arid 

The true year is 695. See OTlaherty's the place now called Grellach, Anglice 

" Ogjgia," Part iii., c. 93, p. 432. Girley, near Kells, in the county of Meath. 

1 Greallach Dollaidh. This is prohahly See Ann. P. M., A. D. 693, note q , p. 297. 



96 

puball -| pa mapbpac pionr.acca -j a rhac, -| pa bfnpac a ccionna 

biob ; unbe bicicup : 

ba buppan bpionnacca aniu laige i ccpoilige 
l?on be la pfpaib nime biolgab lonna bopaime. 

Opgain ^aibg mic pai^be i n^ionn gaimm. 

Cfuiep TTIinbbaipfn, ab Gcaib bo. 

^aimme Cugmaig mopicup. 

TTlopp bpam, mic Conaill big. 

]Qal. Loingpfc mac Qongapa po gab pije n-6peann i nofjaiD 
pinnacra pe hocc mbliabnaib. pionguine mac Con gan macaip 
mopicup. pfpgal Qibne, -\ pianamail mac TTlaonaij mopiunrup. 
Congalac mac Conaing mic Qo6a mopicup. 

Coicme TTlfnt) Sapienp, ab Cille bapa, lugulacup epc. 

Cnmmem TTlugoopna quieuic. 

]Qal. Qoamnanup uemc in hibepniam, ec inoicic legem inno- 
cencium populif hibepniae .1. gan maca gan mna bo mapbab. 

Capan pcpiba 6 Lupca quieuic. 

moling Luacpa, plenup biepum quieuic. 

TTlaolpacupcaij pig na n-Qipgiall quieuic. 

lomaipfg Cpanbca, i ccopcaip peapcaip mac TTIaoil bum. 
bpfcnai -| Ulaibbopapuccab TTlaige TTluipremne. 



a Tadhg, son ofFailbhe, Ann. F.M. 693. present town of Louth. 

Glenn Gaimin was the ancient name of c Bran. Ann. F. M. 687 ; Tigh. 690. 

the vale of the River Roe, near Dungiven, d Loingseech, son ofAenghus. Arm. TJlt. 

in the harony of Keenaght, county of Lon- and Tigh. 695, which seems the true year. 

donderry. It is called by Tighernach, But he reigned nine, not eight years. See 

A.D. 695, "Glen in Croccind;" trans- O'Flaherty's " Ogyg.," p. 432. 

lated "vallis pellis," hy the Ann. Ult. 694. e Finguine. Ann. TJlt. 695 ; Tigh. 696. 

b Mennbairen. Ann. F. M. 693 ; Ult. f Law of the Innocents There are two 

694. jlchadk-bo is the present Aghabo, in copies of this Lex Innocentium, called 

the Queen's County. Lughmhagh is the Cain Adamnain, still preserved, one in a 



97 

and killed Finnachta and his son, and cut off their heads, on which 
was said 

Pitiful for Finnachta this day, to lie in death. 

He will be with the men of heaven for remitting the Borumha. 

The slaying of Tadhg, son of Failbhe a , in Glenngahnhin. 

The death of Mennbairen b , Abbot of Achadh-bo. 

Gaimide, of Lughmhagh, died. 

The death of Bran c , son of Conall Beg. 

[695.] Kal. Loingsech, son of Aenghus d , took the government of 
Erin, after Finnachta, for eight years. Finguine 6 , son of Cu-gan- 
mathair, died. Ferghal Aidhne [King of Connaught], and Fian- 
amhail, son of Maenach, died. Conghalach, son of Conaing, son of 
Aedh[Slaine], died. 

Loichine Menn the Wise, Abbot of Kildare, was killed. 

Cummeni, of Mughdhorna, quievit. 

[696.] Kal. Adamnan came to Erin, and promulgated the " Law of 
the Innocents'* to the people of Erin, i. e. not to kill children or women. 

Casan g , scribe of Lusca, quievit. 

Moling Luchra plenus dierum quievit. 

Maelfothartaigh h , King of the Airghialls, quievit 1 . 

The battle of Crannach [was fought], in which was slain Fear- 
chair, son of Maelduin. The Britons and Ultonians devastated Magh 

Muirtheimhne k . 

[6970 

MS. in the Ambrosian Library at Brussels, h Maelfothwtaigh. See Ann. F. M. 695 ; 

and another in the Bodleian Library at Ann. Ult. 696. 

Oxford, Rawl. 505. See Ann. TJlt. 696, s Quievit. The word "moritur" is writ- 

and Beeves' s "Adamnan," p. 179. ten over this word as a gloss, probably 

8 Casan. " Cassan scriba Luscan, quie- because quievit was properly applied only 

vit. Moling Luachra donnitavit." Ann. to the death of a saint. 

Ult. 696. See F. M., 696; Tigh. 697. k Magh Muirtheimhne. This was the 

o 



98 

TTlopp popanDam, ab Cille t>apa. 
Car pfpnmai^e i rropcaip Qo6 mac TTlaolouin, -\ Concobap 
Gipfb, pi Odil Qpaibe, qui cecinic : 

Qp me Concopup cpeacac, pop Coc Gacac lomabbal. 
TTlfpcle pia jail impeciup, if popceciuc Don aobuu. 



Upep papmae in coelo quapi bellancep uipae punc ab 
opienre in occit>encem in mooo unDapum, pluccuancium in cpan- 
quillippima nocce Qpcenpiomp Domini. Ppima muea, pecunoa 
ignea, cepcia pan^uinea. Cfuae, uc apbicpacup, rpia mala 
pequenna ppaepigupabanc. Nam in eooem anno apmenca boui- 
lia in cora hibepnia pepe Deleca punc, [er] non potum inhibepnia, 
peo eciam pep cocam Gupopam. In alcepo anno pepcilencia 
humana rpibup concinuip annip. popcea maxima pamep, in qua 
hominep ao inpamep epcap peoacci punc. 

Cac piannamla mic Opene. 

TTIopp TTIuip^iupa mic TTlaoilDum, pi Cineil Caipppe. lup- 
cinianup Qugupcup pellicup. 

]sal. Leo impepac annip in. 

f?al. Cfuiep Qoba Gppcoip Slebce. 

piannamail 

level part of the present county of Louth. Campo Trego i Tethbai." Ann. Ult. 699; 

" Britones et TJlaid vastaverunt Campum Tigh. 700. 

Muirtaeimhne." Ann. Ult. 696 ; Tigh. 697. P Unmentionable foods. " Fames et pes- 

1 Forannan. Ann. F. M. 697 ; Tigh. tilentia tribus annis in Hibernia factaest, 

698. ut homo hominem comederet." Ann. 

m Loch Eachach Now Loch Neagh. Ult. 699 ; Tigh. 700. 

n Three shields. This prodigy is not re- q Fiannamhail. He was probably the 

corded in any of the published Irish An- Fianamhail Ua Dunchadha, chief of Dal 

nals, nor in the Saxon Chronicle. Biada, mentioned in the Ann. F. M. as 

Herds of cows. "Accensa est bovina slain in 698; vide infra, p. 100, note". 

mortalitas in Hibernia in Kal. Februarii in r Muirghes.-A.jm. Ult. 697. 



99 

[697-] & a l- The death of Forannan 1 , Abbot of Cill-dara. 
The battle of Fearnmhagh, in which were slain Aedh, son of 
Maelduin, and Conchobhar Aired, King of Dal Araidhe, who said 

" I am the plundering Conchobhar, on Loch Eachach mighty. 
Rapid they run before valour, they fly to the fortress." 

[698.] Kal. Three shields 11 were seen in the heavens, as it were 
warring from the east to the west, after the manner of undulating 
waves on a very calm night, being that of the Ascension of the Lord. 
The first was snowy, the second fiery, the third bloody ; which pre- 
figured, as is thought, three succeeding evils : for in the same year 
the herds of cows throughout Ireland were nearly destroyed, and not 
only in Ireland, but also throughout the whole of Europe. In the 
other year there was a human pestilence [which continued] for three 
successive years. Afterwards the greatest famine [set in], during 
which men were reduced to devour unmentionable foods p . 

The battle of Fiannamhail q , son of Oisen. 

The death of Muirghes r , son of Maelduin, King of Cinel-Cairpre. 
Justinianus 8 Augustus is expelled. 

Kal. Leo reigned three years. 

[700.] Kal. The death of Aedh e , Bishop of Sleibhte. 

Fiannamhail 

8 Justinianus. This refers to the ba- Tiberius Absimarus ; at length, in 704 or 
nishment of Justinian II., by the usurper 705, Justinian recovered the throne, and 
Leontius, here (as well ashy Bede, Chron. put both Leontius and Absimarus to 
in an. 701) called Leo : who after having death. 

cut off his predecessor's nose, and banished * Aedh. He is called " Anchorita," 
him to the Chersonese, A. D. 694, occupied not Bishop, of Slebhte : Tigh. 700 ; Ult. 
the throne until 697, when his own nose 699 ; F. M. 628. Sleibhte, now called 
and ears having been cut off, he was im- Slatey, is situated in the Queen's County, 
prisoned in a monastery by his successor near Carlow. 

02 



IOO 

% 

piannamail hUa Ounchaba, pi Oail RiaDa mopirup. 

1pm bliabainpi Do pala eiDip lopjjalac mac Concur^ ~\ Qbam- 
nan ap papujab Qbamnain DO lop^alac im mapbab Neill a bpdrap 
66 ap comaipjje Qbamndm. Qpeab Do nfob Qbamnan rpop^ab 
jac n-ofbce, ~\ 5011 coDla, ~| beic i n-uipgib uapib, Do cimDibe pao- 
jail lopsalaij. Qp eab imuppo Do^nfob an copaiD pain .1. lopjalac 
a piappaijib DO QDarhndn, " CpeD DO jenapa anocr a cleipi^ ?" 
Nf ba hail Do QDamndn bpeg Do pdba ppip. Ro innipeb bo 50 
mbiab a crpop^ab jan coDlab i n-uip^e nap 50 maiDin. Oo gnfob 
an c-lopjalac an ceona .1. Da paopab ap fpguine QDamndin. Qcr 
cfna po nheall Qoaninan epiorh .1. po bof CfDamnan '^a pdb pa 
clepeac Da rhuinrip, "bfp' punna anocc urn piocr-pa ~| rheoac-pa 
lomaD, ~\ Da rcf lopgalac Da lappaighib bfoc, cpeo pa ^ena anocr, 
abaippe bub plfbujab, ~| coDlab Do ena, ap baij; 50 nDeapnaporh 
Tia ceDna, uaip appu pa Qoamndn bpfg Da piop mumcipe quam DO 
pen. <Cdini5 lapam lopjalach Dionpoijib an clepi^ pin, "] an Dap 
leip, ba e QDamndn baoi ann, 17o lappaij; lopjalac be, cpeD DO 
enapa anocc, a cleipig ? plfbuab i coDlab, ap an clepeac. 
Do pome Dno lop^alac plfbu jab "] coDlab an aiDce pin. Oo pine 
imuppo QDamnan aofne, ~| ppiocaipe, ~\ beir 'p an 6h6inn 50 mai- 
Din. Qn ran Dno po baoi lop^alac 'na coDlab a peab aD connaipc 
Qoamndn Do beir 50 nui^e a bpajaiD ip in mpje, "| po biDj 50 mop 
rpiD pin ap a coDlabj i pa innip Da mnaof. Qn bfn imuppo, ba 

humal 

11 Fiannamhail UaDunckadha. Ann. F. Keeves's " Adamn.," liii., liv., 179. 

M. 698 ; Ann. Ult. 699. * Should tell a lie. Adamnan (according 

T Irgdach, son of Conning. The cursing to this story) did not wish to tell a lie him- 

of this chieftain by Adamnan at Eath-na self, hut he had no objection that one of 

Seanadh, at Tara, is mentioned in an an- his clergy should tell a lie to screen him. 

cient poem published in Petrie's " Anti- This is a mere legend, and much more 

qui ties of Tara Hill," p. 122-148. See modern than the Age of Adamnan. It 



IOI 



Fiannamhail Ua Dunchadha", King of Dal-Riada. 

In this year a dissension arose between Irgalach, son of Conaing v , 
and Adarnnan, after Adamnan had been sacrilegiously violated by 
Irgalach, by killing his brother Niall, who was under the protection 
of Adamnan. What Adamnan used to do was to fast every night, 
and remain awake, and stay [immersed] in cold water to cut short 
the life of Irgalach. And what this champion, i. e. Irgalach, used to 
do was to ask Adamnan, " What wilt thou do to-night, clerk ?" 
Adamnan did not like to tell him a lie. He used to tell him that he 
would be fasting without sleep in cold water till morning. Irgalach 
used to do the same to free himself from the curse of Adamnan. 
But, however, Adamnan deceived him. He said to a clerk of his 
people : " Be thou here to-night in my stead, with my clothes upon 
thee, and if Irgalach should come to ask thee what thou wilt do to- 
night, say thou unto him that thou wilt feast and sleep, in order that 
he may do the same, for Adamnan had rather that one of his people 
should tell a lie x than himself. Irgalach afterwards came to that 
clerk, and thinking that it was Adamnan who was there, he asked 
him, " What wilt thou do to-night, clerk ?" " Feast and sleep," 
replied the clerk. Irgalach, therefore, feasted and slept that night. 
But Adamnan fasted, and watched, and remained in the B6inn y till 
morning. Now when Irgalach was asleep, he saw [in a dream] that 
Adamnan was immersed to the neck in the water, and he started vio- 
lently from his sleep in consequence of it, and told it to his wife. 
The wife, however, was humble and submissive to the Lord arid to 

Adamnan, 

occurs in the Irish Life of Adamnan. See of lax morality in the saints, but of the 

Reeves, p. liv., and note w . Stories of this rude ignorance of the times in which such 

nature in the lives of Irish saints are se- tales were invented and told as not incon- 

verely censured as fdbula futiles by the sistent with a saintly character, 
early Bollandists. They are evidence, not * The B6inn. i. e. the River Boyne. 



1O2 



hurhal infpil i Don coimDft), ~\ Do G6amndn, uaip ba coppac f, -| ba 
Tifsail le a clann Do lor cpe fpguine Q6arhndin, -] pa jufbeab 50 
Ttieinic Goamndn 50:11 a clann DO loc no D'epguine. Ra eipij inparii 
lop^alac moccpdc ap na bdpac, ~\ Do pala QDamnan na aiiD. 
GpeaD pa paiD Qoamndn pip; "a rhic mallui^ce (ap pe), i a 
Duine ap cpoDa, -] ap mfppa Do pine Oia, bioc a piop agac ^up 
ob gaipiD gup poDpgepcup pic plaiciup, ~\ pa^a Do cum n-lppmn." 
O Do cuala bfii lop^alai^ pin, caimj ap amup QDanindin, ] po 
luij po coppaib QDamndin, pa accai Dia pipp ^an a clann D'eap- 
guine, i gan an jem po baoi'na bpoinn Do loc. QpeaD po paiD 
QDamnan, bu6 pi 50 Deirhin, ap pe," an jen pail ID bpoinn, i ap 
bpipce a Ifupuil anoppa cpe eapgume a acap. Qgap ap amlaiD 
pin DO pala. Rugab po ceDoip lappain an mac, -\ ap arhluiD po 
baoi i pe leaccaoc. 

peiblimiD mac TTlaoile cacai j. Qilell mac Con-gan mdcaip, 
pi TTluman (Dec.). 

Opgain Neill mic Cfpnaij, uc QDamnanup ppophecauic. 

Opgain Neill oc Opfip Gapppaij, 
Oia Idipp Dai^ DO TTlullac pi, 
Oia ppfp dp pop popbap cuan 
Oia luain i n-lmlioc 



Ipjalac mac Conain^ [occiDic ilium]. 
paolDobap Chlocaip obiic. 



1 Shall verily le a king. He was Gin- b Ailell, son of Cu-gan-mathair. 

aedh, son of Irgalach, who reigned as mo- F. M. 699 ; Ann. Ult. 700 ; Tigh. 701. 

narch of Ireland from 724 to 727. It does Niall. " Occisio Neill mic Cearnaig. 

not appear from any other authority that Irgalach nepos Conaing occidit ilium" 

he was a one-eyed king. Ann. Ult. 700 ; Tigh. 701. Eeeves's 

Feidhlimidh, son of Maelcothaigh. "Adamnan," p. liii., liv. Here the com- 

Not in the published Annals. piler of these Annals mixes up two entries, 



103 

Adamnan, for she was pregnant, and she was afraid that her child 
might be destroyed through Adamnan's curse, and she often besought 
Adamnan not to injure or curse her child. Irgalach rose early the 
next morning, and Adamnan came to meet him. What Adamnan 
said was : " cursed man" (said he), "and thou bloodiest and worst 
man that God hath made, be it known unto thee that in a short time 
thou shalt be separated from thy kingdom, and shalt go to hell." 
When the wife of Irgalach heard this she came to Adamnan, and, 
prostrating herself at his feet, she besought him, for God's sake, not 
to curse her children, and not to destroy the infant she had in her 
womb. Adamnan said : " The child that is in thy womb," said he, 
" shall verily be a king 2 ; but one of his eyes is now broken in conse- 
quence of the cursing of his father." And thus it came to pass. The 
son was born immediately afterwards, and it was found that he was 
half blind. 

Feidhlimidh a , son of Maelcothaigh, Ailell, son of Cu-gan-mathair b , 
King of Munster, [died]. 

The killing of Niall , son of Cearnach, as Adamnan had prophe- 
sied. 

The plundering by Niall at Dris-Easfraigh, 

As he burned to Mullach-ri, 

As he inflicted slaughter on numerous troops 

On Monday at Imleach-Fich. 

Irgalach, son of Conaing [killed him]. 
[702.] Kal. Faelcobhar d of Clochar died. 

Tiberius 

one relating to the triumph, of Niall, the his death, which occurred in 701. The 
son of Cearnach Sotal, over his enemies at verses here quoted belong properly to the 
ImlechPhich, which actually took place in year 687. See p. 9 1. 
the year 687, and which our compiler has d Faelcobhar. Faoldobhair. Ann. F. 
noticed at the proper place and the other, M. and Ann. Hit. 701 ; Tigh. 702. 



104 

Uibepiup impepae annip un. 

Ip in mbliabampi ]\o mapbab lop^alac mac Conaing .1. i pfce- 
mab bliabam placa Com^pij;, epe fpguine Gbamnain, ~\ po connaipc 
pen i n-aiplinje a naboi 5 pe na mapbab arhail po mapbab. Uai- 
ni<5 lapam lopgalac an la lap ppaigpin a aiplm^e ap cappaij aniac, 
j at) cuala an gur apo .1. pa na pfpannaib compoispi Duib (ap pe) 
1 boofb i loipgfb i aipgfb iat): -\ pa connaic ap a hairle pin na 
pluai^ -] na pocuibe 05 innpeab an pfpainn; ~| cdinigpiom perhe 50 
haipt) pa imp mac Nepain amap, ] ip in uaip pin oo pala coblac 
Lpfunac Do cop i pope ann, "| anpao Ian mop bofb; l?o connaic milib 
t>ibpibe aiplinje an abai^ peime, .1. cpeo Do copcuib DO cpiocujab 
uime, -j an cope ba moo ann DO mapbab Do D'aonbuille pai jDe ; 
ajap apeab on pa pfopab, uaip ba he lopjalac an cope mop pain, 
j ba he a plua pfcac mallaccnacpom an cpeD uD. 'On milib pin 
cpa OD connaipc an aiplmje po mapbab lop^alac. 
]Qal. Colman mac pionnbaip ab lip moip mopicup. 
TTiopplua^ la Coingpioc, mac Qongupa, i 5 Connaccaib, D'apjam 
a^ap D'innpfb Connacc. l?o baccup pilib loingpig 05 aopab pi 
Connacc .1. Ceallac, mac Ra^allai^, -j DO bfDfp ^a pdba, nap bo 
cubuib Do pOipi^ cpiocdnac map Ceallac comco^bail no combuap- 
cup pe pi^ n-Gipfnn, -\ 56 Do nfc, po ba paip bub maibm. Qcc 
cfna, m Tiamlaib pin DO pala, ace a coDappna, uaip 6 DO connaipc 
an Ceallac pi Connacc a efp -j a ralam ja locc ~\ Da hinnpfb, po 
jaipm cuige na Da Duncab .1. Duncab TTIuipip^e, i an Ouncab 

eile 

e Tiberius. This was Tiberius Apsi- in the year 795, and the true year of Ir- 
marus. See note s , p. 98, supra. galach's death was 702. 

' Irgalach. " Irgalach Nepos Conaing h Inis-mac Nesain. i.e. the island of 
a Britonibm jugulatus in Insi mic Nesan." the sons of Nesan, now Ireland's Eye, 
Ann. Ult. 701 ; Tigh. 702. [i. e. Ireland's Island], near the Hill of 

g Loingsech. Loingsech began his reign Howth, in the county of Dublin. 



io 5 

Tiberius 6 reigned seven years. 

[702.] In this year Irgalach f , son of Conaing, was slain, i. e. in 
the seventh year of the reign of Loingsech g , in consequence of the 
curse of Adamnari. And he himself had seen in a dream, the night 
before his death, how he was [to be] killed. Irgalach came the day 
after he had seen this vision out upon a rock, and he heard a loud 
voice, saying, " Into the nearest lands go ye, and burn, consume, and 
plunder them ;" and he saw, after this, hosts and troops plundering the 
land; and he came forward to a hill to the west of Inis-macNesain h ; 
and at that time there came a British fleet into port there, being over- 
taken by a very great storm. A hero of these had seen a vision on 
the night before, viz., that a herd of swine made an attack upon him, 
and that the largest boar of them was killed by him with one blow 
of a dart ; and this was indeed verified, for Irgalach was that great 
boar, and his sinful and cursed host was that herd. By that very 
champion who had seen this vision was Irgalach slain. 

[703.] Kal. Colinan 1 , son of Finnbhar, abbot of Lis-mor, died. 

A great host was led by Loingsech, son of Aerighus, into Con- 
nacht, to plunder and waste that province. The poets of Loingsech 
were satirizing the King of Connacht, i. e. Ceallach, son of Raghal- 
lach, and they used to say that it was not proper for a palsied old 
king like Ceallach to vie or contend with the King of Erin, and that, 
if he did, he would be defeated. But, however, this did not happen 
to be the case, but the very opposite : for when Ceallach, King of 
Connacht, had perceived that his territory and land were being in- 
jured and plundered, he called unto him the two Dunchadhs, i. e. 
Dunchadh Muirsa, and the other Dunchadh, and he determined 
beforehand that they should succeed to the kingdom of Connacht 

after 

'' Qolman. Ann. Ult. 702 ; Tigh. 703 ; 154, 155. He was commonly called Mo- 
F. M. 702. See Colgan, Acta SS., pp. cholmoc, i.e. " my little Coluin," accord- 

P 



io6 

eile, i pa cinDaige peime 50 mab iao pa gebab pie Connachc na 
Dfgaib pein. Ro baof pen imuppo ap na porpuccab, ~\ ap ccup ola 
1 luibe lomba piojba paoi. Do paD pfp t>on Dfp pfmpdice (.1. Do 
na Da Duncab) Da Ifiu Deip ~j pfp ba leir elf, ~j pa copaig Con- 
nacca uime Do cum an caca. Pa ling pen .1. Ceallac ap a capbaD 
amac 50 upic, -\ 50 paoa on cappaD, ~\ ao cualab bpipgleac cndma 
an cpfnopac 05 leim ap an capbao, ] po paib lap pin 6 guc mop, 
05 leim DO cum an cara comairi^ : a Chonnacca, ap pe, Dfonib i 
coimeDoijj pein bup paoipe, uaip nf huaipli -j nf beoba an cmfb pail 
in bup n-aijib lonDacfpi, 1 nf mo DO ponpaD DO maic gup amu ; -j 
arhlaiD pa baoi ga pdb, i a uc po cpioc^] a puile pop lapab. Do 
paDpaD mpam Connacca Da nuib pin, "] pa gab an pf cpiocdnac pin 
peampa a gcfon cara pf 6ipfnn, -| pa maib peime pop pf Gipfnn, ] 
po mapbab Loingpioc pi 6ipfnn ann, -| Dfpgdp a mumcipe, ] a cpf 
mac, i Da mac Colgdn, -| Duboibepg mac Oungaile, -j Gochaib 
Ifrhna, -j pfpgup popcpaib ~\ Conall 5 na ^P a ' 1 quapc lull po 
cuipfo an cac po .1. cac Copainn. C(p rpiap na pannaib pi imuppo 
pa cuipeb an car. Conall menD cecinic: 

6dpa abaig i ccopann, bapa uacc, bapa omunn, 
TTlanaba Dagocu lap mba i Copann mac nOunchaba, 

Da 

ing to the Irish mode of expressing per- O'Flaherty remarks (Ogyg., p. 432), not 

sonal devotion to a saint. See Colgan's 703, as in Dr. 0' Conor's edition of Tigher- 

Acta SS., p. 71, notes ^ and 3. nach. The Chron. Sector, has " Id. Julii," 

k King of Erin. " Bellum Corain, in or July 15, which corresponds to 703. 
quo cecidit Loingsech mac Oengusa rex Hi- m Cor ann. "Coranna regio olim Ga- 

bernies," &c. Ann. Ult. 702; Tigh. 703; lengaminagroMayonensi,Lugniam, etho- 

F. M., A. D. 701-, p. 302. diernam Corannam in agro Sligoensi com- 

1 Fourth of July. Tigh. and the Ann. plexa est." O'Flaherty's Ogyg., p. 334. 
Ult. say : " 4 id. Julii, 6 hora diei Sab- n Conall Menn. In the Leabhar Ga- 

bati hoc bellum confectum est." There- bhala of the O'Clerys (p. 194), and in the 

fore the year must have been 704, as F. M. (p. 303), the last two lines of this 



107 

after himself. He himself was after bathing, and after applying oil, 
and many precious herbs. He placed one of the two aforesaid, i. e. 
of the two Dunchadhs, on his right, and the other on his left, and he 
arrayed the Connacht-men about him for the battle. Ceallach him- 
self rushed from his chariot actively, and he went a far distance from 
it, and the crackling of the bones of the old man was heard as he 
leaped from the chariot ; and he after this said in a loud voice, in 
springing to the battle : " men of Conriacht," said he, " do you 
yourselves preserve and defend your liberty, for the people who are 
against you are not nobler or braver than you, and they have not 
done more good to this day." And he said these words with a trem- 
bling voice, and with eyes on fire. The men of Connacht took heed 
of this, and this palsied king proceeded at their head to meet the 
army of the King of Erin, and he drove the King of Erin k before him ; 
*and Loingsech, King of Erin, was killed there, and his people were 
dreadfully slaughtered, and his three sons were killed ; as were the 
two sons of Colgan; and Dubhdibherg, son of Dunghal; and Eoch- 
aidh Leamhna, and Fergus Forcraidh, and Conall Gabhra. On the 
fourth of July 1 this battle was fought, i. e. the Battle of Goran n m . 
It was in consequence of these verses this battle was fought. It was 
Conall Menn n that composed them : 

I was a night in Corann ; I was cold, I was timid, 
Were it not for the goodly youths who were with him in Corann of 
the sons of Dunchadh. 

poem are attributed to Cellach himself, the battle : Cac Copaint) in quo cecidit 

The F. M. quote also the 3rd, 4th, 5th, Loinjpec mac Oen^upa pi Gpent) cum 

and 6th lines, and attribute them to Co- tribus filiis suis, -] pi Ccnpppi t)poma 

nallMenn, chief of the Cinel Cairbre. The clmb [Drumcliif] i pi hUa Ccmail 5a- 

Dublin copy of the Ann. Tilt, has in the bpa, -| .;c. pig bo pigaib Gpenn imaille 

margin the following second account of piu pein hi clompint) hi cinn oenaig 

P 2 



io8 

Da rcf toinspioc <oo bannai, co na cpi ceouib ceo ime, 
J5iallpai6 ci6 leabop a bhiac, Ceallac liar Coca Cime. 
Ueacpai Ceallac ceiprli cpuinni cpo cpi pinne 
bobb moplingi, la pij laimbfapj; Loco. Cime, 
ba huilg ruil^ maiofn pa baoi 05 ^laipp Chuilg 
beopa Coinjjpoc an Do cailg aipopig 'Gipfnn ime cuipo. 

Ra cuam lapccam Ceallac mac Pajallaij; o'fcctaip, -\ po pa- 
an 6a Ouncab 'na pi^e, ~\ ba mapb an Ceallac i gcionn t>a 
blia6am lapccain. 

Car TTIai^e Cuillinn eioip Ulruib ~] bpearnuib i n-Cfpo hua 
n-6ac6ac, i ccopcaip mac Raojuno, aoueppapiup ecclepiapum 
Dei. UlaiD uiccopep epanc. 

bpan mac Conaill, pi Laijfn, mojiirup. 



Ceallac mac 

pojapcac apfp t>o ^abdil pije aom bliabain 50 ccopcaip i ccar 
CinnDelgcin la Cinaoc mac lopjalai^. 

Sluaj la pogapcac i Caimb, 50 ccu^pao Caijin cac Do .1. cat: 
Claonca, -\ po maiD pe Cai^mb an car, -\ po mapbab oeap^ap 

mumnpe 

Logo icep Conaill i Conna6ca. was probably the name of a stream in this 

IfLoingsech. O'Reilly quotes this line barony. 

and the next from O'Clery, but reads r Into the Church. i. e. took the monas- 

Cellach instead of Loingsech. Diet., voce tic habit, 

bmc. See note p , R M., p. 303. ' Two years "Ceallach mac Ragal- 

p Loch Cime. Now Lough Hacket, in laigh,rexCoimacht, j postf/mV'fl&m, obiit." 

the parish of Donaghpatrick, barony of Tigh. 705 ; Ult. 704. 

Clare, and county of Gal way. * The Battle of Magh Cuillinn. Tigh. 

q Glais-chuilg. Situation unknown. It 703: Tilt. 702. 



109 

If Loingsech should come to the Banna, with his three hundred 

hundreds about him, 
He will make submit, though large his parts, Ceallach the Gray of 

Loch Cime; 

Ceallach of the round balls was active, a circle of spears, 
Terrible, was leaped over by the red-handed King of Loch Cime p . 
Ambitious were his deeds, the morning he was at Glais Chuilg q . 
I slew Loingsech there with a sword, the arch King of Erin all round. 

Ceallach, son of Raghallach, afterwards went into the Church 1 ", 
and left the two Dunchadhs in his kingdom, and this Cellach died at 
the end of two years 8 afterwards. 

The Battle of Magh Cuillinn 4 [was fought] between the Ultonians 
and the Britons in Ard Ua n-Eachdhach, in which Mac Radgund, the 
adversary of the Churches of God, was slain. The Ultonians were 
the victors. 

Bran, son of Conall u , King of Leinster, died. 



THE BEGINNING OF THE REIGN OF FOGARTACH V . 

[722.] Kal. Ceallach, son of Geirtide, in the kingdom of Leinster. 

Fogartach again assumed the sovereignty for one year, when he 
fell in the Battle of Cenndeilgtin* by Cinaeth, son of Irgalach. 

A hosting by Fogartach into Leinster; and the Leinster-men 
gave him battle, i. e. the Battle of Claenadh y . The battle was gained 

by 

u Urann, son of ConalL Ann. F. M. x Cenndeilgtinn. Ann. Ult. 723; Tigh. 

787 ; Tigh. 690. This entry is out of 724. The place is now unknown. SeeF.H. 

place here. 719, 720. Tigh. says that this battle was 

T Fogartach He began his reign in fought on Saturday, the Nones of Oct. (or 

722, and was slain in 724 by Cinaedh, Oct. 7), which agrees with A. D. 724. 

son of Irgalach, his successor. J Claenadh, Now Clane, county Kil- 



no 



muincipe posapcaij; im boDbcap mac OiapmaDa Ruanaib unoe 
Opcanac : 

Uince [.i. car] cop^ap cpuaib, paon poclaonraip caca gpdm 
^)0 ccopcaip lap an pluaj boobcap bile buiofn bam. 

Tttopp plainn pfona mic Oppa pi Safari, in rfgnaib arhpa, 
Dalca Qoamndin, De quo Ria^uil bfnncuip cecmic: 

Iniu pfpap bpuioe [.i. m c Depil] car, im popba a pfnacap, 

TTIanao algap la mac Oe, conioe ao jfnarap 

Iniu po bir mac Oppa a ccac ppia claibme glapa 

Cia t>o paoa aicpige, ip hi inO hf lap nappa. 

Iniu po bfc mac Oppa, lap ambiofp ouba oeo^a 

Ro cuala Cpfpc dp njufbe poipaopbuu bpuioe bpfja. 

Ip in bliaDampi po paompao pip 'Gipfnn aon pmacc -] aompia- 
j^ail t)o ^abail 6 Qoamnan um ceile abpab na Cdpg ap Oomnach 
an cfcpama6 oec epga Qppil, ] im coponu pfoaip t>o beir pop 
cleipcib Gipfnn uile. Uaip bd mop an buaibpfb pd baoj i n-6ipmn 
50 nige pin .1. buibfn Do cleipcib 'Gpfnn ag celeabpab na Cdpcc ap 
Ohomnac an cfupamaD Dfg Gp^a Qppil, -] coponu^aD pfDaip app- 
coil, ap pliocc phaDpicc ; buiDfn eile Dno 6c pechim Choloim 
Cille, .1. Caipcc bo ceileabpab ap cfupamab Decc epga Qppil ^ibe 
Idire pfpmume ap a mbeic an cfcparhaD Decc,"] coponugab Simoin 
Opuab poppa. Qn cpfp buibfn, nfop b'lonann uile iaD pe peiccibib 
Parpaicc, no pe peiccibib Choloim Cille, 50 mbiDfp peanaba lomba 
05 cleipcib Gipfnn, ] ap arhlaib ci^Dfp na cleipi^ pin na pfnaoaib, 

1 a 

dai'e. F. M. 702 ; Ult. 703 ; Tigh. 704. was King of Northumbria. Lappenberg. 

1 Flann Fiona. See Tigh. 704, and Hist, of Engl., vol. i., p. 187 n. 
Reeves'8 " Adamnan," p. 185. His real a Bruide. The words .1. TTlct)epil are 
Anglo-Saxon name was Aldfrith. He in the margin of the MS. See Tigh. 706, 



1 1 1 



by the Leinster-men, who cut off the people of Fogartach with great 
slaughter, with Bodhbhchar, son of Diarmaid Ruanaidh. Unde Or- 
thanach [said]: 

A battle, a hard victory; lowly they prostrated the battalions of 

triumph, 
And there fell by the host Bodhbhchar, the scion of the white troop. 

[704.] The death of Flann Fiona 8 , son of Ossa, King of Saxon- 
land, the famous wise man, the pupil of Adamnan, of whom Riagail 
of Benn chair sung : 

This day Bruide a fights a battle for the land of his grandfather, 
Unless the Son of God wish it otherwise, he will die in it. V 

To-day the son of Oswy was killed in a battle with green swords, 
Although he did penance, he shall lie in Hi after his death; 
This day the son of Oswy was killed, who had the black drinks ; 
Christ heard our supplications, they spared Bruide the brave. 

In this year the men of Erin consented to receive one jurisdic- 
tion and one rule from Adamnan, respecting the celebration of 
Easter b , on Sunday, the fourteenth of the moon of April, and re- 
specting the tonsuring of all the clerks of Erin after the manner of 
St. Peter, for there had been great dissension in Erin up to that 
time ; i. e. some of the clergy of Erin celebrated Easter on the Sunday 
[next after], the fourteenth of the moon of April, and had the ton- 
sure of Peter the Apostle, after the example of Patrick ; but others, 
following the example of Columbkille, celebrated Easter on the four- 
teenth 

where we have his death " Bruide m margin Ceileabpafr naCapjpo. "The 

Derile mortuus est." Ult. 705. celebration of Easter, here." See Reeves's 

b Easter. The scribe has written in the " Adamnan," p. 26 n., and Introd., p. liii. 



I 12 



1 a ccuaca leo 50 mbfoip compaicce caua, ) mapbra lomba ea- 
coppa; 50 ccangarcap uilc lomba i n-6i]iinn rpiD fin .1. an bo dp 
mop, -] an gopca po mop ] cfDmanna lomba, i eaccupcinfboijj DO 
loc na h-'Gipfnn. baccup arhlaib fin 50 paDa .1. 50 haimpip 
Gbamndm. 'Gipibe an norhab abb po $ab la cap eip Coluim Cille. 
bpao mop DO bpeic Do Sa^oncaib a hGipinn: Clbamndn Do 6ul 
DO haccuin^ib na bpaibe, i arhail inrnpip beiD 'p an pcaip bheiD pa 
nonoilpic fpmop eppcop Goppa uile DO bamnab Qbamndin ap an 
caips DO celeabpab ap fliocr Coluim Cille, ~| ap coponuj;ab Sf- 
moin Opuab DO beic paip .1. ab aupe aD aupem. ClDbeip beiD 
jep ba hiomba fgnaibe pan cpfnab pain po popuaiplij CtDamnan 
iao uile a hf^na, -] a hfplabpa, -\ apeb po pciib Qoamndn, nf ap airi- 
pip [Simoin Opuab] po baoi an coponuab UD paip, ace ap ainpip 
lohannip bpuinne, Dalra an cSlainicfoba, ~\ ap e puD coponugub po 
baoi paippibe, i ciap bo annpa pe pfoap a Sldinicib pob annpa pip 
SlaimciD lohan ; ~| Dno ap ap cfcpamab Decc epga Qppil, gibe td 
pfccmaine ap a mbeiu, po celeabpaccup na happcail an cdipg. Cf p 
ann pm po eipi pfnoip ann, ~] po pdib : cia e Colom Cille pein ? Dia 
po beic ap dipD punna, nf ^ebmaoipne uab 50 mheir po aoinpiaguil 
pinne. Sibpe imuppo, ni gebcua uaib 50 mbeicf po aompiagail 

ppinn. 

Simon Magus. The scribe writes the about this. The compiler of these Annals 

Latin word "calunmia" in the margin. On here confounds the dispute which Colman, 

this subject see note to the first Frag- Bish op of Lindisfarne, had with the English 

ment of these Annals, under A. D. 7 1 8. clergy about the tonsure (Bede, iv., c. 25), 

d flatties. Here again the scribe has with the dispute about Easter, 

written " calumnia" in the margin. g Excelled them all. Bede says the very 

6 Bede. The scribe writes in the mar- contrary ; viz., that Adamnan, being ad- 
gin " Non legit Scaip be"it>" [Historian! monished by many who were more learned 
Bedae] "et si legerit non intellexit." See than himself, not to presume to live con- 
Bede, H.E., v., c. 15. trary to the universal custom of the Church, 

f Europe. Bede does not say a word &c., he changed his mind, and readily 



teenth of the moon of April, on whatever day of the week the 
fourteenth should happen to fall, and had the tonsure of Simon Magus c . 
A third party did not agree with the followers of Patrick, or with the 
followers of Columbkille ; so that the clergy of Erin used to hold many 
synods, and these clergy used to come to the synods accompanied 
by the laity, so that battles d and deaths occurred between them; and 
many evils resulted in Erin in consequence of this, viz., a great mur- 
rain of cows, and a very great famine, and many diseases, and the 
devastation of Erin by foreign hordes. They were thus for a long 
time, i. e. to the time of Adamnan, who was the ninth abbot that 
took [the government of] la after Columbkille. 

A great booty was carried off by the Saxons from Erin, [and] 
Adamnan went to demand the booty, and, as Bede e relates in his His- 
tory, the greater part of the bishops of all Europe f assembled to 
condemn Adamnan for celebrating Easter after the manner of Co- 
lumbkille, and for having the tonsure of Simon Magus upon him, 
i. e. from ear to ear. Bede says that though many were the wise 
men [assembled] at that synod, Adamnan excelled them all g in wis- 
dom and eloquence ; and Adamnan said that it was not in imitation 
of Simon Magus that he had this tonsure, but in imitation of John 
the Beloved, the alumnus of the Saviour ; and that this was the ton- 
sure which he had upon him ; and though Peter loved the Saviour, 
the Saviour loved John ; and [he urged] that it was on the fourteenth 
of the moon of April, whatever day of the week it should fall upon, 
the Apostles celebrated Easter. It was then a certain senior rose up 
there, and said, "Who was Columbkille himself? If he were here 
present, we would not part from him until he should be of the same 
rule with us ; but we shall not part from you until you are of the 

same 

preferred those things which he had seen customs which he and his people had hi- 
and heard in the English churches to the therto followed. 

Q 



114 

ppinn. Cug Cfoarhndn ppfjpa paiji, ~\ a pe po paib; biaopa, po 
aoinpiauil ppib. Coipni^cfp cu oepibe, ap na heppcoip. Qp 
lop, ap Qbamnan acorn mainipcip pen: ace, ap labporh, acr a ce- 
Doip. Do nfcfp rpa coipniu^ab Qoamnam ann pin, -j nf rujab DO 
buine onoip ap moo ina an crujab Do CCoamnan annpin, ajup ao- 
najup an bpaio mop pain 66, "j cij peirhe 50 nui^e a maimpcip pen 
50 hia. Ro ba maccnujab mop pa coirhnonol a paigpin pon copo- 
nugab pain. Ret baoipiom 56 lopail ap an coimcionol an coponu- 
jcjab oo ^abdil, ~\ nfp pet) uaca. Seo Deup pepmipic conuencui 
peccape .1. ippum Qoamnanum e^pellepe qui mipepcup epu hi- 
bepniae. Sic 6eoa DI^IC. Uaip pa baoi beiD maille pe hdbam- 
ndn cein po baoi ip Sapcain. 

Udinig cpa Qoamnan i n-'Gipinn laprcain "] po lopbapcaij; 
pain pop 'Gipinn, i nf po gabab uab an caonpmacc pam na Capcc 
1 an coponai^ce 50 nuige am bliabainpi. 

6a mapb Dno Qbamnan pin bliajjamp, l^pcin . aecacip puae. 



[FRAGMENTTJM III.] 

Uepcium ppajmencum e^r eot>em Cooice pep eunoem pepbi- 
pium epccpaccum, incipienp ab anno 5, pegni ITlaoilpeachloinn mic 
TTIailpuanaig, peu (uc habenc Cf. Dung.), 849. 

Popcoirheoaije imuppo na Coclann map po baccap 50 ppir- 

jnamac 

h Compassion " Misertus est Hiber- is not so. He tells the story after his own 

niaD," i e. honoured Ireland with his pre- bardic manner, exaggerates the whole 
sence. affair, and confounds what Bede says of 

Thus ede says. One would think Colman with what he says of Adamnan. 
from this that the Irish writer was telling Comp. Bede, H. E., v., c. 15. 
the story exactly as Bede has it, but this k Eighty-third See Reeves's " Adam- 



same rule with us." Adamnan made answer to him, and said, " I 
will be of the same rule with you." " Be thou, therefore, tonsured," 
said the bishops. " It will be sufficient," said Adamnan, " at my own 
monastery." " Not so," said they, " but at once." Adamnan was, 
therefore, tonsured there ; and no greater honour was ever given to 
a man than was given to Adamnan there. And the great booty was 
restored to him ; and he came forward to his own monastery to Hi, 
and his congregation marvelled much to see him with this tonsure. 
He was requesting of the congregation to take the [same] tonsure, but 
God permitted the convent to sin, and to expel Adamnan, who had 
compassion 11 upon Ireland. Thus Bede says 1 ; for Bede was along with 
Adamnan while he was in England. 

Adamnan afterwards came to Erin, and he excelled all Erin; and 
that one regulation of Easter was not received from him, nor the 
tonsure, until this year. 

[704.] Adamnan died in the eighty-third 1 " year of his age. 



[FRAGMENT III.] 

A third fragment, extracted from the same manuscript by the 
same Firbissius, beginning at the fifth year of the reign of Maelsech- 
lainn, son of Maelruanaigh, or (as the Annals of Donegal have 
it) 849. 

[A. D. 851.] As now the sentinels of the Lochlanns 1 were vigi- 
lantly 

nan," p. xl., note g . Tigh. records his half a century previously. This extract, 
death at A. 704, and says his age was 77. which is evidently a continuation of a long 
1 Lochlanns. These were the Norwe- story, seems to have been taken from some 
gians, who were settled inlreland for about history of the Danish invasions now lost. 

Q2 



n6 

jnarhac 05 pf&ab an mapa uaea ao conncaceap an mupcoblac 
mop muipibe o'd n-ionnpofghib. Ro jab uarhan mop ) fgla lao : 
ace Dpfm Di'b apfb aDbepofp, conit) Coclannaig oa ppupcaccpam 
"1 Da ppoipijin. Opeam oile, -\ ap pfpp pa euigpioecpaibe; coniD 
Oaunieep .1. Oanaip pabdccup ann Da n-apgampiom ~] Da n-inopfo; 
-] apeaD on bd pfpe ann. Ra cuippioc na Coclonnaij long Idnluae 
na n-aijiD Da ppiup. Uainig Dna long Idnluae an giolla 615 peim- 
paioce, aenap pep na longoi boile, 50 ccdplaccup na oa lomj D'aijib 
ic'aijiD, 50 nebepc Sciupupman na lomge Coclannai^e ; pibpi, 
a piupa, ap pe, ga ci'p ap a ccangaBaip ap an muippi ? an pa pi'6 
rangabaip, no an pa cogab ? Qpe ppeajpa cujaccup na Oanaip 
paippin, ppopp pomop DO paij;Dib pora. CuipiD a cceDoip cfnn i 
ccfnn luce na Da long pin; po popuaiplig long na nOanap Ions na 
Loclannac, ~\ mapbaio na Oanaip luce loinje na Coclannac. LCn- 
jaic a n-aompeacc uile na Oanaip i ccfnn na Coclannac, gup po 
bdrup pin cpdij. CuipiD cae 50 cpuaio, ~\ rnapbaio na Oanaip a 
rcpf coimlion pen Diob, ~\ pa Di'cfnnpac jac aon po mapbpac : 
Uugpac na Oanaip longa na Loclannac leo 50 pope. Rajabpac 
epa na Oanaip ap pain mnd "] op -| uile maieiup na Loclannac; 
50 pug an coimbe uaea amlaiD pin gac maie pugpac a ceallaib, 
1 nemfbaib -| pgpfmb naom 'Gipeann. 

1p in aimpip Dno pa cuip TPlaoilpeacloinn eeacea ap cfrm 
Cionaoie mic Conain^, pi Cianacea, ~] ap eipiDe po loipg Cealla "] 
Diprige na naom (arhail po innipiomap pfmain) amail biD DO corh- 

aiple 

ra Young man i. e. who was in the com- Maelsechlainn. Maelsechlainn, or 

mandof the Lochland ship, and mentioned, Malachy I., hegan his reign in 846, and 

perhaps, in the former part of the narrative, died on the 1 3th of November, 863. 

n Steersman. Sciupapmann. This is P Cianachta. A territory in the east of 

a Teutonic word, and is probably derived ancient Heath, in which a sept of Mun- 

from the Danish, To steer. ster-men of the race of Cian, son of Oilioll 



ii; 

lantly observing the sea, they saw a great marine fleet coming towards 
them. They were seized with great fear and terror. Some of them 
said that they were Lochlanns who were coming to aid and assist 
them ; but others, who understood better, said that they were Daunites, 
i. e. Danes, who came to plunder and rob them ; and this was indeed 
the truth. The Lochlanns sent a very swift ship towards them to 
know who they were, and the swift ship of the young man m aforesaid 
carne alone to one of the other ships, and the two ships met face to 
face ; and the steersman of the Lochlann ship asked, " Ye, men," 
said he, " from what country have ye come upon this sea ? Have 
ye come with peace, or with war ?" The answer which the Danes 
gave him was to discharge a large shower of arrows at him ! The 
crew of the two ships set to at once : and the ship of the Danes 
overcame the ship of the Lochlanns, and the Danes killed the crew 
of the ship of the Lochlanns. The Danes then altogether made for 
the place where the Lochlanns were, and arrived at the shore. They 
fought a battle fiercely, and the Danes killed thrice their own num- 
ber of them, and they beheaded every one they killed. The Danes 
brought the ships of the Lochlanns with them to a port, and they 
also took the women, the gold, and all the property of the Lochlanns 
with them ; and thus the Lord took away from them all the wealth 
which they had taken from the churches, and sanctuaries, and shrines 
of the saints of Erin. 

Now at this time Maelsechlainn sent messengers for Cinaeth, 
son of Coriaing, King of Cianachta p , and it was he who had burned 
the churches and oratories of the saints (as we have narrated before* 1 ), 
as if to consult with him how they should act with respect to the 

cause 

Olum, were seated at this period. Duleek Neill, who detested them, 
was its principal church. They were soon q Narrated before. Not narrated in this 
after overwhelmed by the southern Ili- Fragment, although it was, no doubt, 



n8 

aiple pip cionnap Do enDaoip im caingin na nOanap, uaip pa baoi 
arhail bf6 pfb eiDip Tnaoilpeacloin ~\ Cionaou, ~| cia pa baoi Cio- 
naoc i ngalap pula, ace Do pine cuibeacr D'lonnpoig ITIaoilpeach- 
loinn, -j plua uime map ba6 Da coimfo. 

TCa corhpaispioc laparh THaoilpfclainn "| Cionaob a n-aomionab 
1 Uijfpnac, pi 6pf; apeab pob ail DO TTlaoilpeacloinn e pen i pf 
bpfjc; DO mapbab pf Cianacra. Nf 6fpna Dno Ulaoilpeaclomn a 
cceDoip pin, uaip ba pocaibe Do Chionaob, ~\ pab fgail leip corh- 
rhapbab Do Dfnarii ann. Cfpeab Do pome a puipeac 50 naaiDfn 
ap na bdpac. Ro Deilb Dno TTlaoiplpfcloinn cuipi bpea^aca 50 
ccioy^Daoip 50 m^e a n-ionab ceDna ap na bdpac, -| pa puagaip Do 
na plua^aib imceacr. O pa imci^ a pluaj; on Chionaob, cdinij 
TTlaoilpfcloinn 50 pluaj; mop laip D'lonnpoij an Chionaob, ~\ nfop 
bo Id 50 maic ann, ~\ apeab po pdib TTlaoilpeacloinn 6 ^ur mop 
cpoba ndimDi^e ppia Chionaob. CID, ap pe, 'mapa loipgip Dipri^e 
na naorh, "| CID ma pa pa millip a nerhaba, -| pspeapcpa na naom 
] Coclannai^ lac ? 17a piDip imuppo an Cionaob na capmnaig- 
peab ni DO eaplappa caoin Do brnarh, apeab Do pi^ne beic na cocc. 
17a caipngfb lap pin an mac paopclannac, poicmelac, ponaipc pin 
amac, -j po bdiDheb 6 cpe corhaiple TTlaoilpeacloinn i ppurdn 
palac, -] puaip bap amlaib pin. 

Ip in bliabam-pi, .1. an coijfb blia^am plara TTlhaoilpeaclamn, 
pa cionolpac Da coipfc loin^pi na Loclonn .1. 9am -j lap^na ploig 
mopa ap jac dipD a n-aigib na n-Oanap. UionolaiD lapam 50 

pabaDap 

narrated in the original work from which say that he was " demersus in lacu cru- 

this extract was taken. deli morte." According to the Four Mas- 

r Breagh. A large territory comprising ters (A. D. 849), he was drowned in the 

the greater portion of East Meath, and of River Ainge, now the Nanny "Water, a 

which Cianachta was a subdivision. river flowing through the very middle of 

' Dirty streamlet. The Ann. Ult. 850, Cianachta, and dividing the barony of 



cause of the Danes, for there was a kind of peace between Maelsech- 
lainn and Cinaeth, and though Cinaeth was labouring under a disease 
of his eye, he nevertheless came to meet Maelsechlainn with a host 
about him, as if it were to guard him. 

After this, Maelsechlainn, and Cinaeth, and Tighernach, King of 
Breagh r , met together : and Maelsechlainn's desire was that he and 
the King of Breagh should kill the King of Cianachta. Maelsech- 
lainn, however, did not do this at once, for Cinaeth had more forces, 
and he was afraid that mutual slaughter might take place. What 
he did was to wait till the next morning. Maelsechlainn feigned 
false reasons, for which they should come to the same place the next 
morning, and he ordered the forces [of Cinaeth] to go away. When 
his army went away from Cinaeth, Maelsechlainn came with a great 
host to meet Cinaeth before it was clear daylight, and Maelsechlainn 
said with a loud, fierce, and hostile voice to Cinaeth : " Why," said 
he, " hast thou burned the oratories of the saints, and why hast thou 
destroyed their sanctuaries and their writings, the Lochlanns assist- 
ing thee ?" Cinaeth knew that it would be of no avail to him to 
make use of fair speeches ; what he did was to remain silent. That 
noble, goodly born, brave youth was afterwards dragged out, and 
drowned in a dirty streamlet 8 , by advice of Maelsechlainn, and thus 
he perished ! 

[851.] In this year, i. e. in the fifth year of the reign of Maelsech- 
lainn 1 , the two chiefs of the fleet of the Lochlanns, i. e. Zain and largna, 
collected great hosts from every quarter against the Danes. They 
afterwards assembled to the number of threescore and ten ships, and 

proceeded 

Upper Duleek from that of Lower Duleek, * The fifth year of the reign of Maelsech- 

in the county of Meath. See the " Tri- lainn. This king succeeded in 846, so 

partite Life of St. Patrick," Parti., c. 54. that this hattle between the Norwegians 

Colgan, Triad. Thaum., p. 125. and Danes took place in the year 851. 



120 

pababap bee lon^a -\ cpi picib, ~\ cfjaio 50 Sndrh ainfc "| ap ann- 
paibe baccup na Oanaip an can pin. Compaicic ann pin leic pop 
lear, i cuipib cac cpuaib buaibpioc Ifc pop Ifr : uaip nf cualamap 
peiriii pin a n-ionab oile piarh ap muip an dp po cuippioc fbuppa 
annpo .1. eioip Oanapa "] Coclannai^. Qcc cfna ap popp na Dana- 
poib po liiaib. Pa cionoilpioc na Oanaip lap pin, ap mbpipeab 
ma6ma poppa, "] an ^opca 50 mapBab, ~| apeb po pai6 a rcia^apna 
.1. hopm ppiu, -] coni^e po ba pfp cpuaib copgpac eipibe : Pug- 
pabaip-pi comje po (ap pe) cop^aip mma cia pa popuaipliea6 
pib ponn cpe lomapca pluaij;. 'Gpn'6 pip na bpiarpaib aobeppa 
piV) : "506 buaio -| 506 copgup ~| 506 blab puapabaip cpi'6 pin, pa 
malapcfb pa bloi^ mbig aon laoi pin. pejjuib'lib laparh an caru- 
r>o pfoipi bo jjfncaoi pip na Coclanncaib, uaip acdb bup mnd, 
n-uile rhairiup aca, "] bup lon^a; ~] ap pubac mbpiim bo bpeir 
V/uaba ~) cop^aip uaibpi apeab ap coip bib anopa bul 50 haonmfnm- 
nac na jcfnn ariiail na paoileab pib pap in bfchaib, acr na beic 
pib 05 lopnaibe bdip : ~\ pap nbio^ail pen poppa, ~\ ^en 50 paib 
copgup painrheac buibpi bepin, i biaib a m-bepab ap nbee -| dp 
ccoicre binn ; muria paibe mair bum ann, biaib commapbab coic- 
cfnn leir pop Ifc ann. 

Qg po comaiple oile leam buib : an pdbpaicc naorh pa ap 
aipb eppcop -j ap cfnn naorii na h'Gipfnn, pip a nbeapnpac na 
narhuibpailfc o^ainne uilc imba, ^uibmfbne 50 bfocpa, ~\ rabpam 
almpana onopaca 66, ap buaib -| copjup bo bpeic bo na ndirhbib 
pin. 

Po ppeajpacrup uile e, ~] apeab po paibpib : " ap comaipcce," 
ap piab, an cf naom pdbpaicc -\ an coimbe ap cfjeapna bo pin 

pen, 

u Snamh Aighnech. Now Carlingford Duachaill, the Norwegians had a fleet and 
Lough, near which, at a place called Linn- strong fortress. Ann. Ult. 85 1 ; F. M. 850. 



121 



proceeded to Snamh Aighnech u where the Danes were [stationed] at 
that time. There they fought on either side, and engaged in a hard 
and stubborn battle on either side, for we have never heard before 
this time of so great a slaughter at sea as was caused between them, 
i. e. between the Danes and the Lochlanns. But, however, it was against 
the Danes the defeat was. The Danes, after being defeated in this bat- 
tle, being sore oppressed by famine, assembled their people, and what 
their Lord, Horm, who hitherto had been a firm, victorious man, said 
to them was, " Hitherto," said he, " ye have gained many victories, 
although ye have been defeated here by superior forces. Listen to 
the words which I shall say unto you : ' Every victory, every triumph, 
and every fame which ye had gained was obscured by the little fame 
of that day.' Look ye sharp to the battle which ye shall next make 
with the Lochlanns, for your women and all your property are in 
their hands as well as your ships; and they are rejoicing for having 
gained victory and triumph over you ! What is proper for you now 
to do is to go unanimously against them, as if ye did not think of life, 
but not to be waiting for death, and to revenge yourselves upon them, 
and though ye may not gain a prosperous victory thereby, ye shall 
have whatever our gods and our fate will give us ; if it be of no ad- 
vantage to us, there shall be at least equal slaughter on either 
side. 

" This is another advice of mine to you : ' This Saint Patrick, 
against whom these enemies of ours have committed many evils, is 
archbishop, and head of the saints of Erin. Let us pray to him fer- 
vently, and let us give honourable alms to him for our gaining vic- 
tory and triumph over these enemies." 

They all answered him, and what they said was : " Let our pro- 
tector," said they, " be the holy Patrick, and the God who is Lord over 
him also, and let our spoils and our wealth be [given] to his church." 

R They 



122 



pen, ] ap ccopgup D'd fglaip, -| ap n-ionDrhnup. 'Cfjcno lap pin 50 
haonmfnmnac, pfpba, peapamail i n-aoinpfcc i gcionn na Coclannac, 
1 cuipic car. 

Ip in uaip pin cainij ?am leirpi na Loclann, ~\ TTIacoDan pi 
Ula6 D'mspim na nOanap DO rhuip ~\ cfp, gion 50 paba a piop 
pin peme 05 5am Loclannac, rainig "j an c-uaicfb po baoi na 
pappa6 D'lonpoijh na nOanap Don t>apa leir agap lapgna leicpf 
oile na Loclann Don leic eile Do na Oanapoib. C(p cpuaiD cpa pa 
cuipfb an carpa. Ra clop ap leir pgfmgail na plf^, crgup gloinn- 
bemnfc na ccloiDfifi, ~\ cuaipgnfc na psiac ^d mbuala6, ~\ beicfbac 
na mileD 05 imipc eccorhloinn oppa. Qcr cpa cfb paDa pa bap 
imi pin, ap popp na loclannaib po mai6, ~\ ip iaD na Oanaip pug 
buaib i copgap cpia pau pdopaicc 56 po bdoap na Loclannai^ cpf 
cuccpoma pip na Oanupoib, no ceirpe cuopuma. UiagaiD na 
Oanaip mppm pop lonjpopc na Coclann, "| mapbaiD Dpeam ann, 
gabaiD Dpeam eile, -\ cuipiD Dpeam eile i cceicfb, ") ^abaiD gac 
maiciup oip i aip^iD, -| ^ac maiciup ap cfna, -j amna "| a lonja. 
Qcc cfna nf paib 5ctin pen ag cup an cara, uaip nf cainig maille 
pa rhuinnp ap ammup an lonjpuipr, uaip po baoi ai^e comaiple a 
n-ionab oile. Qn uaip ramig Do cum an lonspuipc appiaD na 
ndrhuiD aD connaipc ann, i nf hiao a rhuincip pein. Q n-egmaip 
anneoc po mapbab Do na Oanupaib pein, apeab pa mapbab 
DO na Coclannaib cing mile peap poicmelac : pocuibe imuppo DO 
mfleabaib ap cfna, i Do baoimb in gac dipD pa mapbab a n-egmaip 
na nuimpe pin. 

dp in can pin pa cuip TTiaoilpeacloinn, pi Ufmpa ceacca 
D'ionnpoij;e na nOanap. Ctp arhlaib po bdccup na Oanaip 05 

luccaipfcc 

" Five thousand. This is perfectly in- J Heaps of the bodies. This presents a 
credible. curious picture of the ferocity of the Scan- 



123 

They afterwards came unanimously, bravely, and manfully together 
against the Lochlanns, and joined battle. 

At this time Zain, half king of the Lochlanns, and Matodan, King 
of Uladh, came to attack the Danes by sea and land; although Zain, the 
Lochlann, had not known of this before, he came with the party who 
were with him to harass the Danes on the one side, and largno, the 
other half king of the Lochlanns, came to attack them on the other side. 
This battle was a hard fought one. The whizzing of lances, the clashing 
of swords, the clattering of shields when struck, and the shrieks of 
soldiers when subdued, were heard ! But, however, though long they 
were at it, the Lochlanns were defeated, and the Danes gained vic- 
tory and triumph, on account of the tutelage of Patrick, though the 
Lochlanns were three or four times their number ! The Danes, after 
this, entered the camp of the Lochlanns, killed some of them, made 
prisoners of others, and put others to flight; and they possessed them- 
selves of all their treasures of gold and silver, and other property, as 
well as of their women and ships. Zain himself, however, was not pre- 
sent at this engagement, for he did not come towards the camp along 
with his people, for he was holding a council elsewhere. When he 
had arrived at the camp, it was his enemies he saw there, and not his 
own people ! Independently of those killed by the Danes, there were 
slain of the Lochlanns five thousand* goodly -born men ; also many 
soldiers and people of every grade were slain in addition to this number. 

Now, at this time Maelsechlainn, King of Teamhair, sent ambas- 
sadors to the Danes. And at their arrival the Danes were cooking, 
and the supports of their cauldrons were heaps of the bodies y of the 

Lochlanns, 

dinavian nations, who were Pagans at this their own hand. The timid wretch, who 

period. The favourites of their god Odin allowed himself to perish by disease or 

were all those who died in battle, or, what age, was considered unworthy of the joys 

was considered equally meritorious, by of their paradise. These joys were fight- 

R 2 



124 

luccaipfcc ap a gcionn, "] ap iat> ba jabla bd ccoipebaib cdipn DO 
coppaib net Loclcmn -j cit> na bfpa ap a mbfob an peoil, ap pop 
coppaib Loclann no bibfp a leiccinn, i an cine 05 lop^aD na cojip, 
50 mbfob an peoil i an meacpaD pa caicpioc an abai periie 05 
maibm ap a n^ailib amac. 

Ra baccup Dna cfcca IDaoilpeacloinn ga ppejao arhlaiD pin, 
] pa bdccup ^a rraraoip um na Danapaib pin. Qpeao pa pctm- 
pior na Oanaip ; ap arhlaib bn6 mair leopum dp mbeicne. Clap 
mop Ian aca DO op, ~\ t>a aipgeao Da cabaipc DO pdDpaicc, uaip 
ariilaiD pa bdccup na Oanaip -\ cinele cpabaiD aca .1. ^abaiD 
pealaD ppi peoil, ~] ppi mndib ap cpabuD. Uug rpa an cac po 
mfnma maic DO ^aoiDealaib uile ap an pspiop po DO cabaipr ap 
na Coclannaib. 

'S in bliaDain peo Dna po bpip ITiooilpeaclainn cac popp na 
pa^dnaib, "| Dna po bpipipic Ciannacca cac pa 66 popp na 
jepcib. 

]Qal. popbaipi TTIaoilpeaclainn i cCpupaic unDe ITlaoilpecini 
cecinic : 

TTlichiD Dul cap 66inn mbdin, i noail moi^e TTIiDe mfn, 

Qp anDpa beic ppi ^aoic nsluaip ipmo uaip i cCpupaiD cpfn. 

InDpCccac, ab la, Do ciaccam i n-6ipinn 50 mionnaib Colomi 
Cille Caip. Ip in mbliaDain pi beop .1. in pepcco anno pejm TTlaoil- 

peaclainn, 

ing, ceaseless slaughter, and drinking beer battle. Of this we have a faithful picture 

out of the skulls of their enemies, with a in the death-song of Regner Lodbrok (who 

renovation of life to furnish a perpetuity was probably the Turgesius of Irish his- 

of the same pleasures. The Scandinavians tory). This great conqueror comforts him- 

placed their whole delight in war, and self in his last agonies by i-ecounting all 

entertained an absolute contempt of danger the acts of carnage he had committed in 

and of death; and their glory was esti- his lifetime. See Mallet's " Northern An- 

niatcd by the number they had slain in tiquities," Bonn's edition, pp. 105, 383 ; 



I2 5 

Lochlanns, and one end of the spits on which the meat was hung 
was stuck into the bodies of the Lochlanns, and the fire was burn- 
ing the bodies, so that they belched forth from their stomachs the flesh 
and the fat which they had eaten the night before. 

The ambassadors of Maelsechlainn beheld them in this condition, 
and they reproached the Danes with this [savage conduct]. The 
Danes replied : " This is the way they would like to have us !" They 
had a great wide trench [filled] with gold and silver to give to Patrick, 
for the Danes were a people who had a kind of piety, i. e. they gave 
up meat and women awhile for piety ! Now this battle gave good 
courage to all the GaeidhiP on account of this destruction brought 
upon the Lochlanns. 

In this year Maelsechlainn gained a battle over the pagans, and 
the Cianachta a defeated the Gentiles a second time in battle. 

[852.] Kal. The encampment of Maelsechlainn was at Crufait b , 
unde Maelfeichine cecinit : 

Time to cross the fair Boinn to the plain of smooth Meath ; 
It is difficult to be in the pure wind at this hour in withered 
Crufait. 

Indrechtach, Abbot of la, came to Erin with the relics of Colum V 
Cille. In this year also, the sixth year of the reign of Maelsechlainn, 

Amhlaeibh 

and Tytler's "Elements of General His- boy, in Meath. 
tory," p. 136. c The sixth year. This was the year 

* The Gaeidhil. i. e. the Scoti, or na- 852. O'Flah. Ogyg., p. 434. Indrech- 
tive Irish, in contradistinction to Gaill, tach, Abbot of Hy, appears to have come 
i. e. Galli, or foreigners. to Ireland with the relics of St. Columb- 

* Cianachta. Ann. Tilt. 851 ; F. M. kille so early as the year 849 or 850; he 
850. was killed in 854 by the Saxons. See 

6 Crufait. Ann. F. M. 847. The pre- Eeeves's " Adamnan," p. 390, and Ann. 
sent name is unknown unless it be Cro- Hit., A. D. 853. 



126 

peaclainn, rainig QmlaoibConun^, .1. mac pig Coclann, i n-'Gipinn, 
1 cugleip eppuagpa cfopa i cdnab n-imba 6 a araip, -j a pdgbail- 
pibe 50 hobann. Udinig Dno lorhap an bpdraip ba poo 'na bf^aib- 
pibe Do uobac na ccfop cfona. 

]Qal. Loc Caoi i epic Urhaill Do elob. 

j?al. TCfojjbal ppfp n-'Gipfnn in Qpomaca eifciji TTlaoilpeac- 
lainn i TTlarooan pf Ulab, ~\ Oiapmaio ~\ pecjna 50 parhab 
Paopaicc, i Suaipleac 50 ccleipciB TTlfbe. 

Inopeacuac Ua pinnacra Comapba Coluiin Cille, -] Diap- 
nriaDa papiencippimi, Do rhapbab DO plaoaigib Sapcanaca 05 Ool 
DO Roim, i maipib a puil eannaj pain Beop ip in ionao in po mapbab 
i gcoriiupua a bio^alca DO Ohia pop an lucr pop mapb. 

Ip in bliabainpi pa cocuipeab pi^ Coclann DO cum TTlaoilpeac- 
lainn D'ol, ~\ po bof pleab laniiiop ap a cionn, agap gac nf pa eall 
pi Coclann Do comall co na lui^e ; ace cfna nf pa corhaill a b% 
ap nDul a ci TTlaoilpeaclainn amac, ace pa gab a gceDoip 05 
lonnpab peapainn TTlaoilpeaclainn. Qcc cfna nf pfccnac painig 
leip an cogab pin. 

Ip in bliabainpi Dno po rpeigpioc pochaibe a mbaicip Cpfop- 
rafbacca ~| rangaccap malle pip na Loclannaib, ^up aipgpioc 
QpDnnaca, "] 50 pu^par a maiciup ap. SeD quiDem e^ ippip poe- 
nirenciam e^epe, ec uenepunc aD pacippaccionem. 

]Qal. Do abb CfpDmaca popanndn Gppcop ~\ pgpibai i anchoipe 
"I OiapmaiD papiennppimup Scocopum quieuepunc. 

Cfpball 

d Amhlaeilh Conung. Ann. Ult. 852, county of Mayo. Todd's "Irish Nennius," 

where he is called Amlaimh, or Amlaip, p. 207, and Ann. F. M. 848. 

son of the King of Lochlinn. Quwre, is f A royal meeting. This is noted in the 

Conung an Hibernicized form of the Teu- Ann. Ult., A. D. 850 ; P. M. 849. 

tonic koenig or Tcoenung, king ? g Indrechtach Ua Finnachta. Ann. Ult. 

e In UmhailL i e, in Burrishoole, 853, "iv. Id. Martii ;" F. M. 852 



127 

Amhlaeibh Conung d , i. e. the son of the Bang of Lochlann, came to 
Erin, and he brought with him commands from his father for many 
rents and tributes, but he left suddenly. Imhar, his younger bro- 
ther, came after him to levy the same rents. 

Kal. Loch Laeigh, in Umhaill 6 , migrated. 

Kal. A royal meeting f of the men of Erin at Ard-Macha, between 
Maelsechlainn and Matodan, King of Uladh, and Diarmaid and Feth- 
ghna with the congregation of Patrick, and Suairlech with the clergy 
of Meath. 

[854.] Indrechtach Ua Finnachta g , successor of Colum Cille, and 
Diarmaid, very wise men, were killed by Saxon plunderers on their 
way to Rome, and their pure blood still remains at the place where 
they were killed as a sign of the vengeance of God against those who 
killed them. 

In this year the King of Lochlann was invited to [the house of] 
Maelsechlainn to drink, and there was a great feast prepared for him ; 
and the King of Lochlann [made many promises], and promised on 
his oath to observe them ; but, however, he did not observe the 
smallest of them after leaving the house of Maelsechlainn, but he pro- 
ceeded at once to plunder the land of Maelsechlainn. But, however, 
this war did not turn out lucky for him. 

In this year many forsook their Christian baptism b and joined the 
Lochlanns, and they plundered Ard-Macha, and carried away all its 
riches; but some of them did penance, and came to make satisfaction. 

[852.] Two abbots of Ard-Macha 1 , Forannan, bishop and scribe, 

and Diarmaid, the wisest of the Scoti, died. 

Cearbhall, 

Reeves' a Adamnan, p. 390. is not noticed by the Ann. TJlt. or by the 

h Many forsook their baptism. i. e. many F. M. 

of the Irish joined the Danes, and lapsed ! Two allots of Ard-Macha. "Duo 
into Paganism. This extraordinary fact heredes Patricii, viz. Forinnan, Scriba et 



128 

Cfpball mac Dunlaing pf Oppaie (cliamuin TTlaoilpeaclainn 
.1. Deapbpiup Cfpbaill 05 TTlaoilpeaclamn .1. lanD injfn Ounlamj, 
-] Dna ni^fn TTlaoilpeaclainn 05 Cfpball) bo cup 60 TTlaoilpeac- 
loinn i ITIumain Do cuinnjib giall, ap neg a pi .1. QilgCndn. 

Car no cabaipc D'Qob oo pi Gili .1. oon pi ap pepp 
'na aim pip, DO loingiup na njjall n^aoi6eal .1. Scuic mo -\ 
oo NopTnannoib iao, i ran ann ao bfpap CID Nopmamnig ppiu. 
TTIamiO poppa pe nQo6, agup cuipreap a noeapjap na n5 a ^ 
n7)aoi6eal, ~\ cinn imba DO bpeir Do [Qeo mac] Niall leip, ~\ pa 
olijpioc ra h-Gipfnnai an mapbab pom, uaip arhail DO nfofp na 
Loclanr.ai^ Do nfoippiom. 

Sloi^fb ta hQo6 mac Neill Do innpao Ulab. dec cfna nf 
peib painig Do, uaip cugpar Ulaib maiDm pop Cinel n-Gojam, ~\ 
po mapbpac plaiubeapcac mac Neill, -| Conacan mac Colmdm 
ann cum mulcip alnp. 

Ip in aimpip pi acu bfg cainij "RoDolb co na plojaib D'innpab 
Oppai^e. T?a cionoil Dno Cfpball mac Ounlaing ploj na n-a^aib, 
-| rug car boib, "] po maib popp na Loclannaib. l?a cuaoap 
imuppo buibCn mop DO luce na mabma pop a n-fcoib i cciolaij 
n-dipD, i po baccup 05 pe^ab an rhapbra immpu, ] aD conncaccup 
a muincep pein 50 mapbab arhail na mapbDaip caoipig. Ra jab 
aipeo mop iaD, ~j apeb DO ponpac a cclaibib DO noccab, ~\ a n-aipm 

Do 

Episcopus et anchorita, et Dermaid, sapi- ferent marriage. 

entissimus omnium doctorum Europae qui- 1 Ailghenan, King of Munster, died, 

everunt." Ann. Ult. 851; P.M. 851. according to the Pour Masters, in 851, but 

Dermaid is said above to have suffered the true year is 853. Ann. Ult. 852. 

martyrdom with Innrechtach on their way m Gall- GaeidMl. i. e. the Dano-Irish, 

to Rome ; but the F. M. record his death or rather the Norwegian Irish who had 

the year before, the Ann. Ult. two years lapsed into paganism, and plundered the 

before, the martyrdom of Innrechtaeh. churches in as profane a manner as the 

k Daughter. His daughter by a dif- Norwegians themselves. The .Four Mas- 



129 

Cearbhall, son of Dunlaing, King of Osraighe (the brother-in-law 
of Maelsechlainn, for the sister of Cearbhall, was married to Mael- 
sechlainn, i. e. Lann, daughter of Dunlaing, and besides the daughter k 
of Maelsechlainn, was married to Cearbhall), was sent by Maelsech- 
lainn into Munster, to demand hostages, on the death of their King 
Ailghenan 1 . 

A battle was given by Aedh, King of Ailech, the most valiant 
king of his time, to the fleet of the Gall-Gaeidhil m , i. e. they were Scoti 
and foster-children to the Northmen, and at one time they used to be 
called Northmen. They were defeated and slaughtered by Aedh, 
and many of their heads were carried off by [Aedh, son n of] Niall with 
him, and the Irish were justified in committing this havoc, for these 
were accustomed to act like the Lochlanns. 

A hosting was made by Aedh, son of Niall, to plunder Uladh , but 
he did not find this easy, for the Ulidians defeated the Cinel-Eoghain, 
and slew Flaithbhertach, son of Niall, and Conacan, son of Colman, 
with many others. 

Nearly at this time Rodolph p came with his forces to plunder 
Osraighe. But Cearbhall, son of Dunlaing, assembled a host to op- 
pose them, and gave them battle, and defeated the Lochlanns. A 
large party of the defeated, however, went on horseback to the top of 
a high hill, from which they viewed the slaughtered around them, 
and saw their own people slaughtered like sheep. They were seized 
with a great desire of revenge, and what they did was to draw their 

swords 

ters state that this victory was gained by but in the margin are the words " Qo& 
Aedh, son of Niall, at Glennfhoichle potius." "We ought, therefore, certainly 
(now Glenelly, near Strabane, in the to read Qo& mac Niall. 
county of Tyrone), in the year 854. The Uladh. Ann. F. M. 853 ; Ult. 854. 
Annals of Ulster place it in 855. * Rodolph. There is no notice of this 

n Son of. The text has "by Mall," chieftain in the published Annals. 

S 



Do jabcnt, "i cuibfcc cum na n-Oppuijjeac, jup ]\o mapbpac Dpeam 
6fob; jiDeab ap aba pa cuipfo mDpaiDe ap ccula na maibm .1. 05 
Qc muiceaba rugab an maibm p. Oo pala imuppo <5^F 1C r onn 
DO Chfpball pen .1. anuaip cabapca an rhaDma, -| pjaoileab Da 
mumcip uab; Dpeam Do na Coclannaib Do coibfcr cuige ~\ a eap- 
jabail Doib. Qcc cpe pupcacc an coimbeab puaip a poipian: pa 
bpip pen a eDac, -] na cfn^ail pa bdrcup paip, "j pa cuaib plan 
uaibib. Qp mop cpd an c-ap cugao ann popp na Coclannaib. 

Cac DO bpipeD DO Sapconoib popp na Nopmamnaib. 

Ip in aimpip pi cangacrup Oanaip .1. bopm co na muinnp 
D'lannpoijib Cfpbaill mic Ounlain^, 50 po congnaiD Cfpball leo i 
ccfnn na Loclann, uaip bd heajail leo a ppopuaipliu^ab cpe ceal- 
^aib na Coclann. l?a jab Dno Cfpball 50 honopac cuige iao, ~| 
po bdcrup maille pip 50 mime 05 bpeiu copjaip Do 5 na ^ ai ^> 1 Do 



Qp mop la Ciappaijib 05 bealac Conglaip pop Coclannaib, 
ubi plupimi rpuciDan punc pepmippionne Dei. 

'Qp Dno la h-'QpaDa Cliac popp na ^encib ceDna. 

Ip in bliaDam ceDna pa cuippioc pip TTluman reacnra D'lonn- 
poigiD Chfpbaill mic Dunlain^, 50 D-cfopaD na Danaip leip, -j 
cionol Oppaije Da ppupcacc, "| Da ppoipibin an ajaiD na Nop- 
mainnec pa baDap jd n-ionnpaD i ja n-ap^am an ran pom. T?a 
ppf^aip Dno Cfpball pin, ~| pa pua^aip DO na Danapaib ~] D'Op- 
paijib coiDeacc 50 leip [cinoilce] Dpupcacr pfp ITluman, ) ap eab 
on DO ponob paip. Uainic lapam Cfpball peime D'lonnpoijhib na 

Coclann 

q Ath muiceadha. i.e. ford oftheswine- nicle at the year 851, when King Ethel- 

herd. This narrative does not occur in wnlf and his son vEthelbald fought against 

any other Annals known to the Editor. the Northmen at Ockley, " and there made 

r The Saxons. This is probably the the greatest slaughter among the heathen 

victory recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chro- army that we have heard tell of unto the 



swords and take their arms and come [down] to the Osraighi, a party 
of whom they slew. They were nevertheless driven back in defeated 
rout. This defeat was given them at Ath muiceadha q . Here Glint 
met Cearbhall himself at the time of the defeat, his people having 
separated from him. A party of the Lochlanns came up with him 
and took him prisoner; but by the Lord's assistance he was relieved. 
He himself tore his clothes and the bonds that were upon him, and 
escaped in safety from them. Great, indeed, was the slaughter that 
was made of the Lochlanns there. 

A battle was gained by the Saxons' over the Northmen. At this 
time came the Danes, i. e. Horm and his people, to Cearbhall, son of 
Dunlaing, and Cearbhall assisted them against the Lochlanns [Nor- 
wegians], for they were afraid of being overpowered by the strata- 
gems of the Lochlanns. Cearbhall therefore took them to him 
honourably, and they frequently accompanied him in gaining victo- 
ries over the foreigners and the Gaeidhil [Irish]. 

A great slaughter of the Lochlanns was made by the Ciarraighi at 
Bealach Chonglais 8 , where many were killed by the permission of 
God. 

A slaughter, too, was made by the Aradians of Cliach*, of the 
same Gentiles. 

In the same year u the men of Munster sent messengers to Cear- 
bhall, son of Dunlaing [to request] that he would come, bringing the 
Danes with him, and the rising out of Osraighe, to assist and relieve 
them against the Northmen [Norwegians] who were harassing and 
plundering them at that time. Now, Cearbhall responded to this 

[call] 

present day." * Aradians of Clinch. This entry is 

Bealach Chonglais. A place near the not in the published Annals, 
city of Cork. There is no notice of this n In the same year. Not in the pub- 
battle in the published Annals. lished Annals. 

S2 



132 

Loclann 50 plo mop Oanap ~\ ^aoibeal. OD concaecup na Loc- 
lannai Cf]iball co na plua, no mumncip, po jab abuar i uarhan 
mop iaD. Pa cuaib Ceapball i n-ionaD dpD ~\ po baoi ag a^allab 
a mumncipe pein ap rup ; apeab po pdib, i pe 05 pejab na ppfpann 
ppapaie imme : Mac ppaicrf lib, ap pe, map pa pdpuigpioc na 
Coclannaij; na peapanna-pa ap mbpeir a cpuib -| ap mapbab a 
baoine ; mab rpeipi bdib imu ir,d buinne, DO genao na cecna 'nap 
crfp-ne, uaip imuppo acaimne pocpaibe mop aniu, caicijfm 50 
cpuaib na n-ai^ib. par: oile ap not) coip bum cacugab cpuaib oo 
Denom, nap pionnac na Oanaip pailer maille ppmn mfcacr na 
mioblaecup poipn, uaip pa reigerhab, jib maille pinn acdo aniu, 
50 mbeofp 'nap n-ajaib Dopibipi. par oile, gup po cugao pip 
TTluman i cuangamap poipibin dp cpuap popainn, uaip ip mime ap 
narhaib iao. 

Ra a^aill lapccain na Oanaip, -j apeab po pdib piupaibe : 
nenibpi calma aniu, uaip ap namuio bunaib buib na Loclannaij, -| 
pa cuippic cara eaccpuib, -j dip mopa analldna. Qp maiu buib 
pinne maille pib aniu na n-ajaib, -j ona nf eile ann, nf piu buib 
cpeice no lai^e DO rui^pin buinne popaib. Ra ppeajpacup uile 
eDip Ohanapu -j 5 naoi t> ea ^ u TI pionnpaice cpeire no mfcacc 
poppa. Ro eipgfoup lapccain eip^e naompip ipm uaip pin D'lonn- 
poi^ib na Loclann. Na Loclannaij immuppo 6 DO concaccup 
pin, nf car po lomDpuiDpioD Do cabaipr, ace ap ceicfb po na caill- 
cib, ap ppagbail a maiciupa, DO ponpac. Ra jabaiD na caillce 
Da gac leic poppa, ] pa mapbab a nDeap^dp na Loclann. Qcr 
cfna conige po nf pa puilngioccup na Coclannaij Do'n coim- 

tfon 

"As he looked upon. dg p6 05 p6$at>. Ro mapbab a nbeapg-dp na Loc- 

In modern Irish this would be, a$up 6 lann. The modern construction would 

05 p6acam na bpeaparm b-pap uime. be, Ro mapbabap beapj-dp na Loc- 

1 They were killed with great slaughter, lannach, which is better. 



'33 

[call], and he commanded the Danes and the Osraighi to proceed 
fully [assembled] to relieve the men of Munster, and this was accord- 
ingly done at this summons. Cearbhall afterwards came forward to 
attack the Lochlanns with a great host of Danes and Gaeidhils. When 
the Lochlanns saw Cearbhall with his host, or people, they were seized 
with great fear and dread. Cearbhall went to a high place, and he 
began to address hisown people first, and he said, as he looked upon v the 
deserted lands around him : " Do ye not perceive," said he, " how the 
Lochlanns have desolated these lands, having carried off their cattle 
and killed their inhabitants ? If they be more powerful this day than 
we, they will do the same in our territory. But as we are very nu- 
merous this day, let us fight bravely against them. Another reason 
for which it is right for us to fight bravely is, that the Danes, who 
are along with us, may not perceive cowardice or want of heroism in 
us, for it may happen that, though they are on our side this day, they 
may hereafter be against us. Another reason is, that the men of 
Munster, whom we have come to relieve, may understand our hardi- 
hood, for they too are often our enemies." He afterwards addressed 
the Danes, and what he had said to them was : "Exhibit your 
bravery this day, for the Lochlanns are your radical enemies, for 
ye fought battles, and slaughtered one another formerly. It is well 
for you to have us with you against them this day, and, more- 
over, it is not worth your while to let us observe dastardliness or 
cowardice among you." They all made answer, both Gaeidhil and 
Danes, that neither weakness nor cowardice should be observed in 
them. They afterwards rose out as one man at that time to attack 
the Lochlanns. However, when the Lochlanns observed this, they 
did not close to give battle, but fled to the woods, leaving their pro- 
perty behind. The woods were surrounded on every side upon the 
Lochlanns, and they were killed with great slaughter*. Up to this time 

the 



'34 

Ifon po a n-Gipinn mle. Q cCpuacam i n-Gojanacc cu^aD an 
maiDmpi. 

Udinic Cfpball 50 mbuaiD -| copjjup arhlaiD pin D'd a. Ro 
hioDnaiceD hopm lapccain co na muinncip 6 Cfpball 50 pi "CCm- 
pac. Rd pfp pf "Cfrhpac pailce pip, i cuj onoip mop 66 : Rd 
cuaib appin Do cum mapa. Ra mapbab lapcram an rhopm pin 
la Rot>pi, pf bpfcan. 

hoc anno quieuic TTlac 5 ia ^ ain a P nnbeic WF- bliabam i 
n-ame. 

Niall mac ^illain lap mbeiu cpioca bliajam gan 015 jan bia6, 
oecc a. O. 854. 

]?al. Ctmoli papienp Ufpe oa jlap mopicup. 

Cdprac ab Uipe t>a jlap, quieuic. 

Qiljfnan mac Donnjaile pf Caipil, mopicup. Qmlaoib mac 
pf Loclann DO coibeacc i n-Gipinn, ~\ pa jiallpac gaill 'Gipeann Do. 

]?al. Ip in bliaDam pi, an Dapa bliaDainn Decc placa TTlaoil- 
pechloinn DO ponaD moppluaj; la TTlaoilpeacloinn i n-Oppaijib i 
im rHumain, ap na pa6 o'peapaib Ulumon na cibpiDip bpaijoe 66, 
gonao aipe pin papuagaip TTlaoilpeacloinn car poppa ; ~| par mop 
oile ag TTlaoilpeacloinn .1. Cfpball mac Ounlaing, pi Oppaije, 
Duine on ^ap bo Dinjbala 6ipe, uile Do beir, ap peabup a Dealba 
"] a enij ~| a fngnama, cfpa mopabliab nai6e DO bpeir 66 .1. o na 
cuacoib Do Caijnib pa bdccup aije. In luce imuppo pa cuaiD Do 

cobac 

1 Cruachain Eoghanacht. TMs place is * Horm. " A. D. 855, Horm, chief of 
otherwise called Cruachan Maighe JSamh- the Black Gentiles, was killed by Euarai 
na, now Crohane, in the barony of Sliev- mac Merminn, King of Britain." Ann. 
ardagh, in the county of Tipperary. It Hit. The true year was 856, so that the 
is mentioned in the " Feilire Aenghuis" at preceding events must have taken place 
5th October, as in the territory of Eogha- in the years 854 and 855. 
nacht-ChaisiL * Mac Giallain. His death is entered 



1 35 

the Lochlanns had not suffered so great a loss in all Erin. At Cru- 
achain in the Eoghanacht 7 this victory was gained. 

Cearbhall thus returned to his house with victory and triumph. 
Horm and his people were afterwards escorted by Cearbhall to the 
King of Teamhair. The King of Teamhair welcomed him, and gave 
him great honour. He afterwards went to sea. This Horm z was 
afterwards killed by Roderic, King of the Britons. 

In this year died Mac Giallain*, after having fasted for thirty 
years. 

Niall Mac Giallain died in the year 854, after having been thirty 
years without drink, without food. 

[853.] Kal. Aindli, wise man of Tir-da-ghlas, died. 

Carthach b , Abbot of Tir-da-ghlas, died. 

Ailgenan, son ofDunghal, King of Cashel, died. 

[856.] Amhlaeibh, son of the King of Lochlann, came to Erin, 
and the Galls of Erin submitted to him. 

[858.] Kal. In this year, the twelfth of the reign of Maelsechlainn, 
Maelsechlainn marched with a great army into Osraighe and into 
Munster, the Munster-men having said that they would not give him 
hostages, wherefore Maelsechlainn proclaimed battle upon them ; and 
Maelsechlainn had another great cause, which was this : Cearbhall, 
son of Dunlaing, King of Osraighe, a person who was indeed worthy 
of possessing all Erin for the goodness of his countenance, hospita- 
lity, 

in the Ann. F. M. at the year 854, and 854, 858), shows that these Annals were 
again at 858 ; Ann. Tilt. 859. " Niall Mac compiled from different sources. 
Fiallain [Mac Giallain, F. M.] qui passus b Carthach. This and the following 
est paralisi 34 annis, et qui versatus est entry are given the by F. M. at 851, and 
visionibus frequentibus^ tarn falsis, quam are evidently out of place here. 
veris, in Christo quievit" The double c The twelfth of the reign of Maelsech- 
entry of his death here (and by the F. M. lainn. i. e. 858 ; Ann. Hit. 857. 



136 

cobac an cfopa pin .1. maoip Cfpbaill mic Ounlainj, imcopnarh 
mop bo Denam boib ag cobac an cfopa, ~] capcoppal mop DO cab- 
aipc Doib pop Caijnib. Laijin Do t>ola ap pom 50 ^eapdnac 
D'lonnpoighib TTlaoilpeacloinn, ~| a inDpm DoTTIaoilpeacloinn. pfps 
mop DO gabail TTlaoilpeaclomn, ~| an cionol moppa Do bpeic D'lonn- 
poi^hib Cfpbaill ~\ peap TTluman baccup 05 con^nam la Cfpball. 
Uangacrup lappoin TTlaoilpeacloinn cona ploi^ 50 ^abpan, ~| 
ap pa bpumne ^abpain pa barcup na ploi^ oile. ^ep bo Uon- 
maipe imuppo Do TTlaoilpeactoinn, nf hf6 pa cuaiD na ccfnn acr ap 
conaip oile na po paoileaD a noola pa cuaccup, 50 pangaccup 
Cdpn Lu^aba, ) po baoi TTlaoilpeacloinn apmca eiDi^ce annpain 
ap cfnn caic. 'OD concaDap pip TTluman pin, pa pagpac a lonj- 
popr i pa painnpic a plua ap 66, i cainig pi TTlurhan .1. TTlaol- 
guala co mapcpluajaib mopaib ime in n-aigiD TTlaoilpeacloinn. 
Cfpball imuppo i a Ohanaip, Doneoc pa raipip DO muincip hopm 
pa caipip i ppapaD Cfpbaill, apfo ba longpopc Doib caill Dpipioc 
Dluc aimpeib, i pa baoi cionol mop ann pin urn Cfpball. Qpfb 
pa inmpic na heolaij 50 paba buampeab mop annpin pop Cfpball 
ap n-iaiipc opiajeacca Do Chaipcealcac mac na Ceapca paip, 50 
mbab lujaiDe no bi^piD DO cum an cara, 50 nepbeapc Cfpball 
ap coDlab Do jjenab ann pin, ~\ nf DO cum an cara Do paab. In 
car cpa i paba pf TTluman cugpac maibm ap cup ap muinncip 
TTlaoilpeacloinn. UangaDap Dna a coipigeba ba poipicinpibe .1. 
TTlaoilpeacloinn co na muinncip, 50 ccugab maibm pop peapaib 
TTluman "] pa cuipeab an Deapg ap. Ro mapbaio pocaibe Do 

paopclannoib 

d Gathran. ^Now Gowran, in the county name has not been yet determined, 
of Kilkenny. f Fircheartach mac na Cearta. A [fa- 

* Cam Laghdhach. i. e. Lughaidh's mous necromancer often referred to in old 

earn. This place is somewhere near Gow- Irish romances. He is sometimes called 

ran, but its exact situation or modern Mac Aenchearda. He seems to have been 



J 37 

lity, and valour, levied great yearly rents from the territories in 
Leinster, which he possessed ; but the people who went to levy the 
rent, i. e. the stewards of Cearbhall, son of Dunlang, used great vio- 
lence in levying the rent, and offered great insult to the Leinster-meu. 
The Leinster-men consequently went querulously to Maelsechlainn 
and told it to him. Maelsechlainn was seized with great anger and 
led this great muster against Cearbhall and the men of Munster who 
were aiding him. Maelsechlainn, after this, proceeded with his host 
to Gabhran d , at the confines of which the other hosts were. How- 
ever, though Maelsechlainn had more numerous forces, he did not go 
against them, but proceeded by another road where he did not think 
they would go, until he reached Cam Lughdhach 6 , and here Mael- 
sechlainn was armed and accoutred to meet all. When the men of 
Munster perceived this, they left their camp, and divided their host 
into two parts, and the King of Munster, Maelguala, came with large 
squadrons of horse to oppose Maelsechlainn : but Cearbhall and his 
Danes (such of the people of Horm as remained with him), encamped 
in a briery, thick entangled wood, and there was a great muster 
there about Cearbhall. And the learned relate that there was a great 
trouble on Cearbhall here, Tairchealtach Mac na Cearta f having ex- 
ercised magic upon him, so that he was less inclined to go to battle, 
and so that Cearbhall said that he would retire to rest and not 
go to battle ! Now, the battalion in which the King of Munster was 
[the commander] at first defeated the people of Maelsechlainn, but 
foot soldiers came to their relief (i. e. to the relief of Maelsechlainn 
and his people), so that the men of Munster were [in their turn] 
defeated and cut off with dreadful slaughter. Many nobles were 

killed 

the presiding spirit of Cam Lughdhach, dern name or situation of the place still 
where this battle was fought, but the mo- remains to be determined. 

T 



'38 

paopclannoib annpm. InDipir eolai conab hi numip an cploij ap 
a Dcugab an maibm pp. milium. 

Gpi comaiple DO pinne Cfpball, map pa cuala pin, bpai^oe DO 
rabaipc Do IDaoilpeaclamn, ~\ gan a cfp Do loc, ~\ po ab TTlaoil- 
peaclamn bpai^De uab, uaip lanD ingfn Dunlamj, Depbpup Chfp- 
baill, bfn TTlaoilfeaclainn. 

l?a cuaiD TTlaoilpeaclainn Don TTlumain, 50 paba pe pe mfp 05 
ionnpa6 rPurhan ann Gimli^, 50 ccu^ bpai^De Tnurhan 6 Comup 
rpf n-uipge 50 hinnpi Uapbna lap n-'Gipinn. Car Caipn Cu^Dac 
fain. lp in car pom po mapbab TTlaolcpom mac rnuipfDaig leic- 
pij na nDeifi. 

5^n 50 ccfopaD TTlaoilfeaclainn an rupup f o DO j;abail pije 
riluman DO pein, po bo cuibeacca Do mapbaD an po mapbaD DO 
^nall^aoiDealaib ann, uaip Daoine lap ccpegaD a mbaipce iaD- 
paibe, i aobepcaip Nopmannaig ppni, uaip bep Nopmannac aca, 
1 a n-alcpum poppa, "| jep bo olc na Nopmannai bunaib DO na 
hf^laipib bd mfpa 50 mop laDpaibe .1. an luce pa, gac copaip po 
'Gipinn a mbfofp- 

po^mup ^opcac ip in mbliabam pi. 

Inpiuo Caijfn uile la Cepball mac Ounlain^, ~] nfop ppeppDe 
bpai^De uab a laim TTIaoilpeaclamn, gup gab Cfpball mac Dun- 
laing bpaijoe Laijfn um Coppmac mac Dunlaing, -] im Suirfman 

mac 

s Lann. The meaning is, that this con- k Inis Tarbhna. "Now the Bull, a small 

nexion rendered Maelsechlainn more pla- island in the barony of Beare, and county 

cable, or that Lann had employed her of Cork, 

intercession with her husband. l Gall- GaidhiL The published Annals 

h Imleach. Now Emly, in the county give us no idea of this class of Iberno- 

Tipperary. Norwegian or Norwegian-Irish heathens 

' Cumar-na-tri-n-uisce. i.e . the meet- who infested Ireland at this period. O'Fla- 

ing of the Three "Waters, near "Waterford. herty thought that the name was confined 



'39 

killed there. The learned relate that the number of the army which 
was there routed was twenty thousand. 

When Cearbhall heard of this [defeat], the resolution he adopted 
was to give hostages to Maelsechlainn, to prevent him from destroy- 
ing his country; and Maelsechlainn accepted of hostages from him, 
for Lann g , daughter of Dunlang and sister of Cearbhall, was the wife 
of Maelsechlainn. 

Maelsechlann then proceeded into Munster, and remained for the 
space of a month at Imleach h , plundering Munster, and he obtained 
the hostages of Munster from Cumar-na-tri-nu-isce 1 to Inis Tarbhna k , 
in the west of Erin. This was the battle of Cam Lughdhach. In this 
battle was slain Maelcron, son of Muireadhach, half King of the 
Deisi. 

Though Maelsechlainn had not come on this expedition to take 
the kingdom of Munster for himself, he ought to have come to kill all 
the Gall-Gaidhil 1 who were killed there, for they were a people who 
had renounced their baptism, and they were usually called Northmen, 
for they had the customs of the Northmen, and had been fostered by 
them, and though the original Northmen were bad to the churches, 
these were by far worse, in whatever part of Erin they used to be. 

There was a dearth in the autumn of this year. 

[858.] All Leinster" 1 was plundered by Cearbhall, son of Dun- 
lang, and his hostages in the hands of Maelsechlainn did not render 
him the better subject, so that Cearbhall, son of Dunlang, took the 
hostages of Leinster, together with Cormac n , son of Dunlang, and 

Suitheman, 

to the inhabitants of the western islands Aran, of Cantire, of the Isle of Man, and 
of Scotland, and it is very certain that the of the coasts of Scotland (Alban). 
mixed race of these islands were so called. m All Leinster. Ann. F. M. 856. 
See Ann. F. M., A. D. 1154, p. 1113; n Cormac. The F. M. 856, call him 
where they speak of the Gal-Gaidhil of Coirpre, son of Dunlang. 

T2 



140 

mac Qpruip. TflaiDm pe Cfpball mac Ounlaing, -j pe Niap po 
<5hallaoi6ealaib i n-Gpabaib cipe. 

f?al. Ctnno Domini, t>ccclu. ITIaolguala, pi Caipil DO jabdil 
DO Nopmannoib, "j a ecc allairh acca. 

Sluaj mop la Cfpball mac Ounlain^ i plua Loclan laip i 

TTlme i ni pa oei a bpaijjDe barrup asTTlaoilpeaclainn, 

50 paba na cpf miopaib ag innpab pfpamn TTlaoilpeaclainn ~] ni po 
an jup po polrhuij an rip uile 'ma maicmp. Ip pocaibe rpa 
o'pfpaib t)dna Gipeann Do ponpac ouana molca DO Cfpball, i 
caicmfo jac copgup pu^ inncib; i ap mo t>o pine Qongap an c-aip- 
nfjjnaib, comapba TTlolua. 

Uc rpa an nf ao bfpam 50 mime : Qp rpuaj DO na h-Gipfnncaib 
an mf-bep Doib cacup fcuppa pein, ~\ nac anaoineacc uile eipjic a 
ccfnn na Loclann. Ra eip^e Dna C[o6 mac Neill, ap na aplac DO 
pf Ciannacca paip eipe i ccfnn nflaoilpeaclainn, uaip TTlaoilpeac- 
lainn pa bai6 Deapbparaip pfj Ciannacca, .1. CionaoD uc ppae- 
pcpippimup. 

RijDail maire 'Gipeann 05 Par Qo6a urn TTlaoilpeaclainn, pf 
Gipeann, ~\ um pfrjna comapba pdopaicc, "| um Suaipboc, com- 
apba 

Aradh Tire. Xow the barony of Arra, year is made of four years] before us, viz. 

or Duharra, in the county of Tipperary, that in which Forannan, legitimate abbot of 

Ann. F. M. 857. Ard Macha, was expelled." This remark 

p Anno Domini, 8 55. This date is incor- seems to be out of its proper place, for Fo- 

rect, and the scribe writes in the margin : rannan was carried off in the year 843. 

Qp amlaift an nuimippi Qnnopum Do- q Maelguala, King of CasJiel. Ann. F. 

mini i ceicpi blia&na t)O t)6nam t>on M. 857; Ult. 858. The Four Masters tell 

aom blia&am pfriiuinn, in po mnapb us that this year coincided with the thir- 

popanndnab cubai&Qpomacha. "The teenth of Maelsechlainn, which would 

way that this number Annorum Domini make the true date 859, according to 

[happened to come here] is, that four O'Flaherty's Chronology, Ogyg., p. 434. 

years are made of the one year [recte, one r In Meath. Ann. Ult. 858 (= 859). 



Suitheman, son of Arthur. A victory was gained by Cearbhall, son 
of Dunlang, and by Niar over the Gall-Gaidhil in Aradh Tire . 

[859.] Kal. Anno Domini, 855^ Maelguala, King of Cashel q , was 
taken prisoner by the Northmen, and he died in their hands. 

A great hosting [of his own people, and] a hosting of Lochlanns 

by Cearbhall, son of Dunlaing, into Meath r , his hostages 8 

who were in the hands of Maelsechlainn not preventing him, and he 
continued for three months to plunder the land of Maelsechlainn, 
and he did not desist until he had stripped all the territory of its pro- 
perty. Many of the literati of Erin composed laudatory poems for 
Cearbhall, in which they commemorated every victory which he 
gained, and Aenghus, the high wise man, successor of Molua', did so 
most [of all]. 

Alas ! for the fact which I shall often mention : It is pitiful for 
the Irish to continue the evil habit of fighting among themselves, 
and that they do not rise together against the Lochlanns ! Aedh, 
son of Niall u , at the solicitation of the King of Cianachta*, rose up 
against Maelsechlainn, for it was Maelsechlainn that had drowned 
the brother of the King of Cianachta, as we have written before. 

[858 or 859.] A royal meeting of the chieftains of Erin at Rath- 
Aedha y with Maelsechlainn, King of Erin, Fethghna, Comharba of Pa- 
trick, 

His hostages. In the margin of the n Aedh, son of Niall. i. e. Aedh Finn- 
MS. is this note : fceepc besdn, " a small liath, who succeeded Maelsechlainn, or 
portion is wanting." Malachy I. in the throne of Ireland. Ann. 

' Successor of Molua. i. e. Abbot of Ult. 858 ; F. H. 859. 

Clonfertmulloe, at the foot of Slieve x King of Cianachta. i. e. Flann, son 
Bloom, in Upper Ossory. It is highly of Conang, the nephew of Aedh Finn- 
probable that these Annals, so laudatory liath, whose brother Cinaedh had been 
of the kings of Ossory, were preserved in taken in 851, and drowned in the Nanny 
this monastery, and drawn from the poems "Water. See note ', p. 1 18, supra. 
here referred to. Rdth-Aedha. Now Rahugh, in the 



142 

apba pinniam Do 6fnam pfoDa -| caon compaic na h-6ipeann uile, 
gonaD ip in Dailpin cu^ Cfpball mac Ounlamj a oipeip DO TTlaoil- 
peaclainn Do peip comapba phaDpaicc, ap mbeir DO Cfpball 
pomnpin i n-lpapup ~| mac pi Coclann maille ppip pa cfupacaic 
afbce 05 milleaD pfpainn TTlailpeaclamn. 

Qo6 pinnliar mac Neill DO innpab TTlfDe, ~\ plann mac Co- 
nain^ pi Ciannacra maille ppip, ~] ip eipiDe pa ap lai ap Qo6 an 
cinnpiuD Denam. pdr oile Dno, uaip pa inpfpcup TTlaoilpeaclainn 
peapann Qo6a pe cpf bliabnaib DiaiD inDiaib. TTlac injeine Dno 
Neilt an plann. Oo pona Dna Qo6 ap an pplann an cojabpa, uaip 
nf paba a pi op aca an ni pa baof be ; -j ap eagla na coimeipje pin 
DO pij;ne maoilpeaclainn pfb pe Cfpball, arhail a Dubpamap 
pomainn. 

Opgoin Coca CfnD lap nai^peab pommop i ccopcaip c^pr. Do 
Daomib. 

fjal. Sioc Dopolochca 50 n-imrfjcea Coca '6ipeann eDip coip -\ 
eac. 

Oeprac Lupca DO lopccaD DO Coclannaib. 

Suibne mac Roicli^, ab Cipp moip, quieuic. 

Copmac Cairpaij bpiuin mopicup. 

SoDomna Gppcop Slaine DO mapbaD Do loclannaib. 

Cacapac ab CtpDamacha, mopicup. 

Cucr Da coblac DO Nopmannaib DO coiDeacc i ppeapannChep- 

baill 

barony of Moycashel, county of West- neel, near Abheylara, county of Longford, 

meath. Ann. F. M. 857 ; Ann. Ult. 858 This entry is in the Ann. F. M. at 853. 
(= 859). This entry is out of place b Frost. This frost, and the other en- 

here. tries down to Cathasach, Abbot of Ard- 

1 Comharba of Finian. i. e. Abbot of Macha, are given in the Ann. F. M. at 

Clonard. A. D. 854, and the Ann. Ult. at 855, the 

" Loch Cend. Now probably Lough Ki- true year being 856. They are clearly out 



143 

trick, and Suairlech, comharba of Finian z , to establish peace and tran- 
quillity throughout all Erin ; and it was at this meeting that Cearbhall, 
son of Dunlaing, gave Maelsechlainn his full demand, according to the 
decision of the Comharba of Patrick, Cearbhall having been for forty 
nights previously, accompanied by the son of the King of Lochlann, 
destroying the land of Maelsechlainn. 

Aedh Finnliath, son of Niall, accompanied by Flann, son of 
Conang, King of Cianachta, plundered Meath. And it was Flann 
that had solicited Aedh to commit this devastation. There was also 
another cause, for Maelsechlainn had plundered the land of Aedh 
three years successively. Flann was the son of Niall's daughter. Now, 
Niall and Flann entered into this war, not knowing what might result 
from it, and from fear of this confederacy Maelsechlainn made peace 
with Cearbhall, as we have said before. 

The plundering of Loch Cend a after a very great frost, where one 
hundred and thirty persons were killed. 

[856.] Kal. An intense frost b , so that the lakes of Erin were 
traversed both by foot and horse. 

The oratory of Lusca c was burned by the Lochlanns. 

Suibhne, son of d Roichlech, Abbot of Lis-mor, died. 

Cormac, of Lathrach Briuin 6 , died. 

Sodhomna, Bishop of Slaine f , was killed by the Lochlanns. 

Cathasach, Abbot of Ard-Macha, died. 

[860.] Two fleets of Northmen 8 came into the land of Cearbhall, 

son 

of place here. near Maynooth, in the county of Dublin. 

c Lusca. Now Lusk, in the county of f Slaine. i. e. Slane, in the county of 
Dublin. Meath. 

d Son of. Grandson of Roichlech. E. Two fleets of Northmen The arrival 

M. 854. "Nepos Roichlich." Ult 855. of these fleets is not noticed in any of the 

e Lathrach Briuin. Now Laraghbrien, published Annals. They must have put 



M4 

baill mic Ounlainj od innpab. Qnuaip rangup fcd innipin Do Cfp- 
ball ap ann po baoi Cfpball pop mfpcca. T7a bdrcup Dajbaofne 
Oppai je 50 pd6a pip 50 haloinn ~\ 50 pocpaib ga nfpcab: Ni hdb- 
bap mfpga Do beie pop buine i n-Oppaijib Do niaD na Loclonnoij 
anopa .1. an cfp uile Do lor. dec cfna 50 po coimeoa Oia rupa, 
1 50 puga buaib "] copgap Dor nairhoib arhoil pugaip 50 mirnc, ~\ 
amail bepa beop. (.615 ap rpa DO rhfpga, uaip ndriia an rheapga 
DO fnjnarh. O DO cuala Cfpball pa cuaib a rhfpga uaiD, "j pa jab 
a apma. Ubmi^ imuppo upian na hofoce an ran pin. Qp arhlaiD 
cairns Cfpball immac ap a jpiandn -j pio^cainnel mop peiiiie -| 
pabof poilpi na cainDlepin 50 paoa ap gac leir. 17a jab uariian 
mop na Coclannaij "] pa ceicpioc po na pleibcib pai^pib Doib ") po 
na caillcib. (In luce imuppo pa raipip pa hfngnam Diob pa map- 
ba6 uile. O rdinij maiDin ammucha ap na mdpac, pa cuaib Cfp- 
ball 50 no pocpaibe na ccfnn uile, -\ ni pa jab uara, ap mapbab a 
nDeapgdip, 50 pa cuipir ammaDmuim, -\ 50 po pgaoilic iaD pop gac 
leir. 

17a immip Cfpball pein 50 cpuaiD ipm ammup pain, -\ 
pip 50 mop a meD ace ib an ai'6ce peme, -j pa pge 50 mop ~| 
ponaipce mop Dopum pain. "Ra ^peipp 50 mop a mumncip 50 
Diocpa pop na Loclannaib, ~\ ap moo na leic an cploi j pa mapbab 
ann, ~] na reapna ann pa reicpir ap ammup a longa. 

Oj acab mic Gapclaije cugab an maiDm pin. l?o impa Cfp- 
ball lapccain 50 mbuaib i 50 neaodil moip. 

Ipin aimpip pin caimc hona i Uompip Uoppa Da roipeac 

poicinelac 

into Waterlbrd harbour, and passed up Kilkenny. The victory gained at this 

the Barrow to plunder Ossory. place hy Cearbhall over the Danes of TVa- 

h Achadh mic Earclaidhe. This is pro- terford is entered in the Ann. F. M. at the 

bably the celebrated place now called year 858, but 860 was the true year. 

Agha, alias St. John's, near the city of ' Hona and Tomrir Torra. There is 



'45 

son of Dunlang, to plunder it. When messengers came to announce 
it to Cearbhall, he was intoxicated. The good men of Osraighe said to 
him gently and kindly, to encourage him : " What the Lochlanns do 
in Osraighe now is no cause for a person to get drunk, i. e. to destroy 
the whole country; but may God protect thee, and rnayest thou gain 
victory and triumph over thy enemies, as thou hast often gained, and 
as thou shalt hereafter. Give up, however, thy drunkenness, for drunk- 1 
enness is the enemy of valour." When Cearbhall heard this, his 
drunkenness went off him, and he took his arms. The third part of 
the night had passed over at this time. Cearbhall came out of his royal 
chamber with a large, royal candle [carried] before him, the light of 
which candle shone far on every side. The Lochlanns were seized 
with great dread, and they fled to the nearest mountains and woods ; 
but such of them as remained through valour were all killed. When 
the next morning came, Cearbhall set out early in pursuit of them 
all with his forces, and having dreadfully slaughtered them, he did 
not leave them until he put them to flight, and until they had dis- 
persed in every direction. 

Cearbhall himself acted with great hardihood in this battle, but 
what he had drunk the night before came much against him; [how- 
ever], he vomited much, which gave him great relief. He greatly and 
vehemently incited his people against the Lochlanns, of whom more 
than one-half their host was killed in the action, and such as escaped 
fled to their ships. . , . ; 

: At Achadh mic Earclaidhe b this victory was gained. Cearbhall 
returned with victory and great booty. 

At this time came Hona and Tomrir Torra 1 , two noble chiefs 

(and 

no account of the arrival of these chief- in the published Annals/ , Their career 
tains, or of their battles with the Irish, appears to have been very brief. . 

u 



146 

poicmelac (-| Dpuf an chona), ~\ pip beoba cpuaibe 50 mblaie 
moip iao eiecip amuinneip pein Ian paopclanna Dna iat> Depciniub 
Loclann. "Can^accup epa an Diap pin gona pocpaiDe 50 luimneac, 
1 6 luimneac 50 pope laipge. Qcc cfna ap mo pa caipipni^pir 
ma mbpfogaib pein ind 'na pocpaiDe. Ra eionoilpie Gojanacc ~\ 
Gpaib cliac Doib, "j pa cuippic cenri i ^cenn, "| pa cuipeao cpfp 
cpuaio fccuppa, 50 pa cuipic na loclannai^ i mbaile bf^, -j cloc- 
baingfn ime. Ra cuaib Dna an Dpaoi .1. hona ~\ peap ba pine ofob 
ap an caipiol 'p a ^^ oplaijue, 05 acac a 6ee, ~| 05 oenarh a Dpaoij- 
Ccra, i ja fpail ap amuinncip aopab na noee. "Cainij peap 
opeapaib TTluman cuige 50 ccug buille DO cloic moip Dap pin a 
mane 66, 50 rru^ a piacla uile app a cfnn. Ra impa rap pin a 
aigib ap a muinncip pen, ~] appeb po paib 05 cup apola cfppaibe 
Dap a bel amac : bam mapbpa De po ap pe, ~\ pa ruic ap aip, -j 
pa cuaiD a anam app. Ra gabab boib lapccain DO clocaib jona 
pa peopau a pulang, ace pagbaiD a n-ionaD pin, -| cia^aiD pop pfip- 
gfnn ba nfppa, ] mapbcup annpaibe aneaoipec oile, 50 mapbac 
amlaib pin an Da raoipeac .1. hona Cuimni^, "] Uompip <Coppa. 
Nf ceapna Dna Da maicib ace Diap namcc, ~| uaieeab beg leo, -| 
pugpae pip niurhan buaib ~\ copgup amlaib pin. 

Ip in bliabain pi DO ponab mop plua la TTlaoilpeaclainn, pig 
'Gipeann, ) Ceapball mac Ounlaing laip 50 TDaj; maca. Ra 
^abpae longpope ann pin. ba fgail imuppo la TTlaoilpeaclainn 
ammup longpoipc Do rabaipe DO Qob mac Neill paip; ciaD dlainn 

an 

k LuimnecJi. i. e. Limerick. The word name is hardly so old as the time here re- 
is here used to denote, not the city, but the ferred to, as Lairge, the chieftain from 
Lower Shannon, from the city of Limerick whom the name was derived, flourished 
to the sea. in 951. See Ann. F. M., A. D. 858, 

1 Port- Lairge. This is the present Irish note p . 
name of the city of Waterford, but the m Eoghanacht. i. e. Eoghanacht Chaisil. 



(and Hona was a Druid) ; and these were hardy men of great fame 
among their own people, and fully noble, of the best race of the 
Lochlarms. These two came with their forces to Luimnech k and 
from Luimnech to Port-Lairge 1 ; but, however, they prevailed more 
by their own vigour than by their forces. The people of Eoghan- 
acht m and Ara Cliach n assembled against them, and they met face to 
face, and a hard battle was fought between them, in which the Loch- 
lanns were driven to a small place surrounded by a stone wall. The 
Druid, i. e. Hona, the elder of them, went up on the wall, and his 
mouth opened, praying to his gods and exercising his magic, and or- 
dering his people to worship the gods. One of the men of Munster 
came towards him and gave him a blow of a large stone on the mouth, 
and knocked all the teeth out of his head. He afterwards turned his 
face on his own people, and said, as he was pouring the warm blood 
out of his mouth : " I shall die of this," said he, and he fell back, and 
his soul went out of him. They were afterwards so plied with stones 
that they were not able to bear them, and they quitted that place, and 
repaired to a neighbouring morass, and here the other chieftain was 
killed ; and thus were the two chieftains killed, i. e. Hona, of Luim- 
nech, and Tomrir Torra. Of their chief men, only two escaped with 
a few forces; and thus the men of Munster gained victory and 
triumph. 

[860.] In this year a great hosting was made by Maelsechlainn, 
King of Erin, accompanied by Cearbhall, son of Duiilang, to Magh- 
Macha p . They encamped there. Maelsechlainn was afraid that his 
camp should be surprised by Aedh, son of Niall, though fair was the 

answer 

These were seated in the great plain of A great hosting. Ann. F. M. 858 ; 

Cashel, in the county of Tipperary. Ann. Ult. 859 (= 860). 

n Ara Cliach. A territory in the east p Magh-Macha Now the Moy, near 

of the county of Limerick. the city of Armagh. 



148 

an ppeajpa pfoba rug Gob paip rpep an Duine naorh .1. 
comapba paopaicc. Gpeab DO pijne TTlaoilpeaclainn Laijin ~\ pip 
TTluman'] Connacca~| Ullai6, ~] pip bhpeaj; oo rabaipc a ccimcioll 
a publa, i a n-aipm nocra 'na larhaib; an pfj pem .1. TTlaoilpeac- 
lamn, po baoi 50 paiccfc puipecaip $an coDlab ap fgla Qo6a, 56 
t>o pao lui^e a ppiaonaipi comapba paDpaic ; ^i6ea6 ramie Gob 
50 na plua^aib DO rabaipc amnaup Con^puipc ap TTlaoilpeaclainn, 
1 nf map pa paoilpic pa puapaccup, uaip po barcup a n-aipm uile 
a lairhib pluai^ TTlaoilpeaclainn, agup pa eip^ipic a naoineacc pan 
lucr ramie od n-ionnpoi^ib 50 po cuippic amaibm lap ap mapbab 
a noeap^-ap. Ra gab ona odpacc paipfnn oile Diob, "] apeab 
rangacrup o'lonnpoigib puible TTlaoilpeaclainn, an Dap leo pab 
iaD amuinncip pem ; pa baccup am 50 po mapbaic uile laprram ; 
"] ap an eirioc DO paopac Do pine Oia pin. Ra impu TTlaoilpeac- 
lainn D'd rij a hairle an copguip pain. Ra baoi Dna Qmlaib i 
ppappab CCob 'p in maibm-pa. 

Oenac Raigne DO benam la Cfpball mac Ounlamg. 

Qp la , Cfpball mac Ounlaing pop muinnnp RoDuilb i Sleb 
TTIaipge, ) a mapbab uile ace pfp uauhab ceapna bfob i ccqillcib: 
cpfc Leirglinne, q .Dna a bpaiD pa bof aca ap mapbab Dpeime^ 
moip Do muinncip Ceir^linne Doib. 

f?al. THarooan mac TTlupiobai^, pi Ulab, in clepicacu obnr. 

TTlaongal ab pobaip mopicup. 

t^piap 

q Amhlaibh was along with Aedh. This ' Sliabh-Mairge Now Slievemarague, 

is not stated in the published Annals. ; a barony in the south-east of the Queen's 

1 Raighne. This was the ancient name County. There is no mention made of this 

of the chief seat .of the Kings of Ossory, Rodolph in the published Annals, 
situated in the barony of Kells, county of * Leithglinn. Now Old Leighlin, in 

Kilkenny. See Ann. F. M., A. D. 859, the county of Carlow. This entry is not 

p. 494. in the published Annals. 



149 

answer of peace which Aedh had given him through the holy man, 
Fethghna, successor of Patrick. What Maelsechlainn did was to 
place the men of Leinster and Munster, and Connaught and of Uladh 
and Breagh around his tent, with their weapons naked in their hands. 
The king himself, i. e. Maelsechlainn, remained vigilantly and warily 
without sleep from fear of Aedh, though he [Aedh] had taken an 
oath [of fealty to him] before the successor of Patrick. Notwith- 
standing, Aedh came with his forces to attack the camp of Maelsech- 
lainn, but they did not find it as they expected, for the forces of 
Maelsechlainn all had their arms in their hands, and they rose out 
together against the party who came to attack them, and put them to 
flight after having cut off many of them with great havoc. One 
party of them, however, were seized with a panic, and came to the 
tent of Maelsechlainn, thinking it was that of their own people, and 
remained there until they were all killed. And God did this in con- 
sequence of the falsehood which they had told. Maelsechlainn re- 
turned to his house after this triumph. Amhlaibh was along with 
Aedh q in this discomfiture. 

The fair of Raighne r was celebrated by Cearbhall, son of Dunlang. 

A slaughter was made by Cearbhall, son of Dunlang, of the peo- 
ple of Rodolph, at Sliabh-Mairge 8 , and he slew them all except very 
few who escaped to the woods. They had plundered Leithglinn', 
and had [obtained] its spoils after having killed a large number of 
the people of Leithghlinn. 

[857.] Kal. Matudan u , son of Muiredhach, King of Uladh, died 
in clericatu. 

Maenghal, Abbot of Fobhar, died. 

Three 

u Matudan. The obits of this prince, are dated by the Annals of Ulster 856, 
and of the Abbot Maenghal, as also the which ought to be 857. They are there- 
death of the three men killed by lightning, fore out of place here. 



'5 

Upiap oo lopgab Do renib pai <c;nen a c'Caileen. 
fval. Cionaob mac Qilpin pe;c piccopum, mopicup : conab DO 
po paibeab an pann : 

Nao maip Cionaob 50 lion p ^op, 

PO bfpa 50! in $ac cai 

Qon pi a loa po nim, 

^o bpuinne 17omha n( bpail. 

CumpuD Gppcop -] ppmcepp Cluana lopaipo quieuir. 

UioppaiDe banban ab rfpe oajlap quieuir. 

THaolcuile ab Imlfca ToBaip mopicup. 

Qoulphpi Sa^on TTlopirup. Ceallac mac 5 uai P e ^ Caijfn 
Oeapgabaip, mopicup. Cfpnac mac Cionaba, pi Ua mbaipce 
ripe mopicup. 

Qo6 mac Neill -| a cliamam .1. Qmlaib (injfn Qo6a po baoi 
a^ Qrhlaoib) 50 plojjaib mopa 5 ao1 ^ 10 ^ 1 Coclann leo 50 ma 
mibe, i a ionnpa6 leo, "| paopclanna lomoa no rhapbab leo. 

THaoilpeacloinn mac TTlaolpuanaib, pij Gipeann, f ppfo Callan 
Oecembep oepunccup epc, unoe quit>am cecinic : 

Qp lomoa maipj in gac ou, 
Ctp pgel mop la ^aoibelu, 
Oo popcab pi'on plann po glfnn, 
Do pooba aoinpi 'Gipfnn. 

Gob mac Neill, neap^nama TTlaoilpeacloinn DO jabail pige 
n-'Gipeann rap eip TTIaoilpeaclainn. CpaiBbeac poicinealac 015- 

neab 

^ Cinaedh Mac Ailpin.Airn. Ult. 857 forum. Adulf rex Saxan mortui sunt. Ti- 
(=858). Ogyg., p. 481. praiti Ban, abbas Tire-da-glas." ^w. 

y Cumsadh "Cumsuth, Epiacopus et UU. 857 (=858). 

anchorita princeps Cluana Irairdd in pace Ceattach, son of Guaire Ann. F. M. 

pausavit. Cinaedh Mac Ailpin, rex Pic- at 856 ; but the true year is 858. 



Three persons were burned by lightning at Tailten. 
[858.] Kal. Cinaedh Mac Ailpin x , King of the Picts, died, on v/ 
whom this verse was composed : 

That Cinaedh with the number of studs liveth not, 
Is the cause of weeping in every house. 
Any one king under heaven of his worth 
To the borders of Rome there is not. 

Cumsadh y , Bishop and Chief of Cluain Iraird, died. 
Tipraide Banbhan, Abbot of Tir-daghlas, died. 
Maeltuile, Abbot of Imleach lobhair, died. 
Adolph, King of the Saxons, died. Ceallach, son of Guaire z , King 
of South Leinster, died. Cearnach, son of Cinaedh, King of Ui- 
Bairche-tire, died. 

[862.] Aedh a , son of Niall, and his son-in-law, i. e. Amhlaeibh 
(the daughter of Aedh was wife to Amhlaeibh), set out with great 
forces of Gaeidhil and Lochlanns to the plain of Meath, and they 
plundered it and slew many noble persons. 

[863.] Maelsechlainn b , son of Maelruanaidh, King of Erin, died 
on the day before the Calends of December, of which a certain poet 
sung : 

There is many a moan in every place, 
It is a great cause of grief with the Gaeidhil, 
Red wine has been spilled into the valley, 
The sole king of Erin died. 

[863.] Aedh, son of Niall, the mortal enemy of Maelsechlainn, 

assumed 

* Aedh, son of Niall. F. M. at 860 ; Tuesday, 3oth Nov., and this enables us to 
true year 862. correct the chronology of these Annals, 

b Maelsechlainn. The Ann. Ult. 86 1, for the 3oth November fell on Tuesday 
and F. M. 860, tell us that he died on in 863. O'Flaherty, Ogyg., p. 434. 



1 5 2 

neab Ctoba : .pfcc mbliaDna Decc DO i pije 50 pfoDamail, cia po 
ebfn imnfo minic. 

Qilill banbain, ab biopap 

Qon^ap Cluana pfpca TTlolua, papienp, mopirup. 

TTlaoloDap hUa UmDpiD paoi leiip Gipfnn mopicup. 

TTluipjiup, an^coipce Gpomacha, quieuiu. 

Ddlac ab Cluana mic Nofp quieuic. 

^opmlair, in^fnOonchaDa, piojjan cfrhpac, in poenirenna obnc. 

pionan Cluana caoin, eppcop ~] angcoipe quieuic. 

pinnceallac ab peapna mopicup. 

Se^onan mac Conaing, pi Caippge bpacame mopirup. plan- 
najan mac Colmdin mopirup. 5 uin ^^> a mic Ouiboabaipfnn, pf 
hUa ppibjence, Cfnnpaolab i pf^e TTluman. 

Oomnall mac Cdlpin pepc picropum mopicup. 

]Qal. Ofp^ap t>o rabaipc DO Chfpball mac Ounlamj;, ~\ DO 
CinneDe mac 5 ai ^ ne - 1 - moic Deipbpearap Cfpbaill pop longup 
RoDlaib, i ba jaipiD peme ran^arrup a Coclann ; ) Conall 
Ulcac DO mapbaD ann a^up Luip^nen, cum plupimip alnp. 

Inpfb 6pfj la Loclannaib, ~| Dul ap uamannaib lomDaib, "| apf6 
on na DfpnaD 50 mime peime. 

a n 

c Seventeen years. Aedh died 12th Cal. found in the Irish Annals since the intro- 

Dec., which fell on Friday, as the Chroni- duction of Christianity. See Ann. F. M., 

con Scotorum states. This indicates the A. D. 860, p. 494, note u . 
year 879, and makes the length of his g Muirghim. Ann. F. M. 860; Ult. 

reign 16, not 17 years. O'Flaherty, ibid. 861. 

d Ailell Banbhan. Ann. .F. M. 857. h Of Cluain mic Nois. The Four Mas- 

' Aenghus. Ann. F. M. 858. ters call him Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, A. D. 

f Maelodhar O'Tindridh Ann. Ult. 860. 

86 1, where he is called pui leigiy 5oi6eal, * Gormlaith, daughter of Donnchadh. 

" sage leech of the Gael." This is the Ann. F. M. 859 ; Ult. 860. 
first notice of an Irish physician to be k Finian. Ann. F. M. 860. 



J 53 

assumed the kingdom of Erin after Maelsechlainn. The disposition 
of Aedh was pious and noble. He was seventeen years in the king- 
dom peaceably, though he often met with annoyance. 

Ailell Banbhan d , Abbot of Biror [died]. 

Aenghus 6 , a sage of Cluain Ferta Molua, died. 

[862.] Maeolodhar OTindridh f , chief physician of Erin, died. 

Muirghius g , anchorite of Ard-Macha, died. 

Dalach, Abbot of Cluain mic Nois h , died. 

Gormlaith, daughter of Donnchadh', Queen of Teamhar, died in 
penitence. 

Fiman k , of Cluain-caein, bishop and anchorite, died. 

Finncheallach 1 , Abbot of Fearna [now Ferns], died. 

Segonan, son of Conang m , King of Carraig Brachaidhe, died. 
The killing of Aedh, son of Dubhdabhoirenn 11 , King of Ui-Fidhgeinte. 
Cennfaeladh, in the kingdom of Munster. 

Domhnall Mac Ailpin , King of the Picts, died. 

[863.] Kal. A dreadful slaughter was made of the fleet of Rod- 
laibh p , by Cearbhall, son of Dunlang, and by Cineide, son of Gaeithin, 
i. e. the son of Cearbhall's sister; and they [the crews of the fleet] had 
arrived from Lochlann a short time before ; and Conall Ultach and 
Lairgnen were slain there with many others. 

The plundering of Breagh by the Lochlanns, and they entered 
into many crypts q , a thing not done often before. 

A 

1 Finncheallach F. M. 860; Tilt. 861. 862 (Ann. Ult. 861). Ogyg., p. 484. 

m Seghonan, son of Conang. F.M. 857; p The fleet of Rodlailh. The F. M., at 

Ult. 858 (out of place here). Carraig A. D. 860, make itLongphort-Rothlaibh, 

Brachaidhe is in the north-west of the which may perhaps be a corruption of 

barony of Inishowen, county of Donegal. Longus Eothlaibh, i. e. Rodlaff s, or Ro- 

n Aedh, son of Dubhdabhoirenn. Ann. dolph's fleet. 

F. M. 858 ; Tilt. 859. Crypts. See Ann. F. M. 86 1 ; Ult. 

Domhnall mac Ailpin. He died in 862; where this account of the plunder- 

X 



'Gp na ngall la Cfpball mac Ounlain^ 05 pfpea caipec, -j a 
cpfc D'pajbail. 

TTluipiosan mac OiapmaDa, pi Naip ] Laifn CID Do mapbab 
la sencib, "| pocaibe mop Do maiab Caijjfn. 

"Kal. Qob mac Cumupcai, pi hUa Nialldin mopicup. TTlui- 
peboc mac TTlaoilDuin, pi na n-Qiprfp lugulacup epr 6 Oomnall 
mac Qo6a mic Neill. 

Cfpball mac Ounlaing Do innpfb Caijfn. Nfop bo cian lap fin 
50 po cionolpao Laijin Coclannai ~\ iao pern, 50 po inopi6piot> 
Oppaije na ofo^ail pin. 6a mop an rpuai^e ! t>oneoc pa ceic 
D'Opriai^ib im TTIumain pa mapbaio ~\ pa haipgio uile. 6d moo 
po 5opcai pin mfnma Cfpbaill .1. an luce pogab aije amail 
raipipi .1. Goganacc, iaopai6e Da apgain "| Da rhapbab. bfg aip 
imuppo camgfn na namaD : uaip nfop bo lonjnab laip laopaibe DO 
na nofpnpac, uaip pa bligpioc. Ro rionol laparh ploi^ 
-j Loclannai^, agup pa mill na pfpanna compocpaibe, pa 
mill ma peirhin -\ pip mui^e -| pug bpai^oe cimuba n-iomba laip. 

San bliabampi, .1. in cepcio anno pegm Qoba pinnler, cangac- 
cup Sa^ain i mbpeacnaib ^aimuD, "] pa mapbaiD na Sapcain 6pC- 

cam ap an cfp. 

Oallab 

ing of the caves or crypts is given more u King of Ui-Niallain. Now the Oneil- 

fully. lands, two baronies in the Co. Armagh. 

' Ferta Caeirech. Now Fertagh, near * Airthera. Now the baronies of Orior 

Johnstown, in the barony of Galmoy, in the county of Armagh. In the Ann. 

county of Kilkenny. See Ann. F. M., Ult. 862, he is called r-ecnab aipb ma- 

A. D. 861. cae ~\ pi na naipcep " Sub- Abbot of 

1 Nds. Ann. F. M. 86 1, p. 496, note Armagh, and King of Orior." 

z ; Ult. 862, where is called King of Naas y Fera-Maighe. Now Fermoy, in the 

and of Airthir Life. county of Cork. Ann. F. M. 862 (true 

* Aedh, son of Cumascach. Ann. F. M. year, 864). 

86 1, of the Niallain, in the Co. Armagh. ' The third, Aedh Finnliath succeeded 



'55 

A slaughter of the Galls at Ferta Caeirech r by Cearbhall, son of 
Dunlang, and they left their prey behind. 

Muirigen, son of Diarmaid, King of Nas s and of Leinster, was 
killed by the Pagans, and a great number of the chiefs of Leiri- 
ster. 

[864.] Kal. Aedh, son of Curaascach 1 , King of Ui-Niallain u , died. 
Muiredhach, son of Maelduin, King of the Airthera*, was killed by 
Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Niall. 

Cearbhall, son of Dunlang, plundered Leinster. It was not long 
after this that the Leinster-men assembled themselves and the Loch- 
lanns, and plundered Osraighe in revenge of this. It was a great 
pity: such of the Osraighi as fled into Munster were all killed and 
plundered; and this distressed the mind of Cearbhall the more, that 
the people he took for friends, namely, the Eoghanachts, should plun- 
der and kill them. He thought little of the doings of the enemies, 
for he did not wonder at their doing what they did, for they were 
entitled to it. He therefore assembled an army of Gaeidhil and Loch- 
lanns, and spoiled the neighbouring lands [of the Eoghanachts] ; he 
spoiled Magh Feimhin and Fera Maighe 7 , and carried off the hos- 
tages of many tribes. 

In this year, i. e. the third 2 of the reign of Aedh Finnliath, the 
Saxons came into Britain Gaimud a , and the Saxons expelled the 

Britons from the country. 

The 

in the year 863, so that the third year of cip bo pa;canaib con po jabao cacc 

his reign was 865 or 866. popaib im TTlaen conain. "The Bri- 

* Britain Gaimud. Perhaps Gwyned tons were driven from their territory by 

(Guenidotia or Venedotia, i. e. North the Saxons, and were put into bondage 

Wales) may be intended. This seems to in Maen Chonain," i. e. Anglesea, called 

be the same expulsion of the Britons which Mona Conain, from Conan, King of Gwy- 

is recorded in the Ann. Ult. at 864, in nedd. See Ann. Ult. 815 ; Brut y Tywy- 

these words: bpeacem bu inbapbu apa sogion, A. D. 817. 



Oallab Lopcdin mic Carail, pi TTlibe, la hdob mac Neill. 
Concopap mac Oonnchaba, leicpi TThbe DO bab la hCCmlaib i 
Cluam IpaipD. Inpfb na nOeipi la Cfpball mac Ounlam^, ~| 
lanrhilleab hUi n-Qon^upa. 

Qboame Ufpe Da $lap DO jabail DO TTIaoilpeccuip in hoc 
anno. 

^abail DiapmaDa la gencib. 

6iD5in bpic Gppcop Cille Dapa, pcpiba ec anachopeea cprni , 
anno aecacif puae quieuir. 

TTlaonac mac Connmaig, ab Poip cpe mopirup. 

Domnall hUa Onnlain^, pigbamna Cai^fn, mopicup. 

Cfpmaic mac Cauapnai^, pi Copca baipcinn, mopicup. 

fval. Ua6j mac Oiapmaoa pi hUa Cmnpiolaig Do mapbab Da 
bpdicpib pein. 'Qp pop Loclannaib la plann mac Conaing pi 
Cianacc. Oeap^ ap na Loclann, "| a mbuaibpeab uile pan bliab- 
am pi la hClob mac Neill, pfj 'Gipeann. TTlaibm Ian mop la n-Qo6 
popp na Loclannaib 05 Loc peabaill. Inmpic Dno na h-eoluij 
gup ob f a bfn ap moo po speip QoD i ccfnn na Coclann .1. CanD, 
mgfn Ounlaing : -\ appipibe ba bfn DO TTlaoilpeacloinn peirhe, mac- 
aip mic TTIaoilpeacloinn .1. plain, ba hi maraip CenneDij mic 
^ainne f, .1. pi Caipi. Qp mop cpa pa pcpfobab na ppuapac- 
cup Loclannai^ D'ulc 'p an bliabain pi [on g-CenneDigpibe] c(6 moo 
puappaccup 6 dob pinnliac mac Neill. 

TTlilleab 

b Lorcan. Ann. F. M. 862 ; Ann. Tilt, of his accession. 

863. e Diarmaid. Not in the published An- 

Ui-Aenghusa i. e. the descendants of nals. It does not appear who this Diar- 

Aenghus Mac Nadfraich, King of Mun- maid was. 

ster, slain, A. D. 489. See Ann. F. M., f Eidgin Brit. Or the Briton. Ann. 

p. 499, note m , A. D. 862. F. M. 862. His name was probably Ed- 

d Maelpetair. He died in 890, accord- win, a Briton. Colgan says that he died 

ing to the F. M., who do not give the year on the 1 8th December, probably confound- 



The blinding of Lorcan b , son of Cathal, king of Meath, by Aedh, 
son of Niall. Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, half king of Meath, 
was drowned by Amhlaeibh at Cluain Iraird. The plundering of 
the Desies, and the total spoiling of Ui Aenghusa c by Cearbhall, son 
of Dunlaing. 

The abbacy of Tir-da-ghlas was assumed by Maelpetair d in this 
year. 

The taking of Diarmaid 6 by the Gentiles. 

Eidgin Brit f , Bishop of Cill-dara, a scribe and anchorite, died in 
the one hundred and thirteenth year of his age. 

Maenach g , son of Connmach, Abbot of Ros-Cre, died. 

Domhnall, grandson of Dunlaing, royal heir of Leinster, died. 

Cearmait, son of Catharnach, King of Corca Bhaiscinn, died. 

[866.] Kal. Tadhg, son of Diarmaid h , King of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, 
was slain by his own brothers. A slaughter was made of the Loch- 
lanns by Flann, son of Conang, King of Ciariachta. A great slaugh- 
ter was made of the Lochlanns, who were all disturbed this year by 
Aedh, son of Niall, King of Erin. A complete and great victory was 
gained by Aedh over the Lochlanns at Loch Feabhail 1 , and the 
learned state that it was his wife that most incited Aedh against the 
Lochlanns ; i. e. Lann, the daughter of Dunlang, and she had been the 
wife of Maelsechlainn before, and was the mother of Maelsechlainn's 
son Flann. She was also the mother of Cenneidigh, son of Gaithin, 
King of Laeighis k . It is written that the Lochlanns sustained great 
evils in this year [from this Cenneidigh], but more from Aedh Finn- 

liath, son of Niall. 

[869.] 

ing him with Aedan of Ard Lonain. h Tadhg, son of Diarmaid. Ann. F. M. 

Trias. Thaum., p. 629. 863 ; Ann. TJlt. 864. 

* Maenach.- This and the two succeed- * Loch Fealhail. Now Lough Foyle. 
ing entries are given by the F. M. at 862. k Laeighis. Now Leix. 



i 5 8 

ITIilleaD -| innpfo poipcpfnn la Loclannaib 50 pugpac bpaijjDe 
iomDa Leo i njill pe ciop ; po bap 50 paDa lapccam ag cabaipc 
cfopa 66ib. 

CXp pop ^allaib oc TTlinDpoicic la CenneDijj mac ^jaicine, pi 
Lai^pi i la cuaip^ipc n-Oppaie. 

Ip in aimpip pi rangaccup Ctunicep .1. na Dainpip 50 pluagaib 
DiaipmiDiB leo 50 Caep Gbpoic, ^up po ro^laccup an carpaijj, "| 
50 nofcacuup puippe, ~| ba copac imnib ~\ Docpac moip Do bpfc- 
naib pin ; uaip nf pat>a o'aimpip perhe po po baoi gac cogab 
1 jac jlipic i Coclainn, i ap ap po po pap an cojab pain i 
Coclamt) .1. t)d riiac occa Qlboain pi Coclann po lonnapbpac an 
mac pa pine .1. Pa^nall mac Qlbt>am, ap ea^la leo 6 oo gabail 
piji Coclann rap eip a n-arap ; 50 rcainic an Rajnall co n-a rpf 
macaib 50 hinpib Ope : po rapip laparh Ra^nall ann pin, ~| an 
mac ba poo 60 cangarcup imoppu na mic ba pine 50 hinnpib 
bpecan 50 plua^ mop leo, ap rcionol an cpluaij pin ap gac aipD, 
ap na lionab na mac pin t>o biomup -] t>o mfppacc um eipje i ccfnn 
Ppan^c i Sapcann. Ra paoilpioo a n-acaip oo Dol i Loclamn po 
ceooip Dap a n-eip. 

T?a fpail lapam anDfomup ~\ a n-ogbaoaca oppa lompam pfmpa 
Dap an ocian Cancaibpfcoa .1. an muip puil eiDip Gipinn i Gap- 
pain 50 pangaccup Gppain, -] 50 nDfpnpaD ulca lomDa i n-Gppain 

eDip 

1 Foirtrenn. i. e. Pictland. Ann. Hit. nia (Hofn, the haven), called afterwards 
865. Kaupmanna-hofn, (Merchants' haven), now 

m Mindroichet. Now Monadrehid, near Copenhagen. But the Editor is not able 
Borris in Ossory, in the Queen's County, to quote any other authority for the name 
The Four Masters notice this slaughter of of Hafnites being applied to the Danes, 
the foreigners at the year 864, but 866 is Caer Elroic i. e. the city of Ebora- 
the true year. cum or York. See " Annal. Cambrise" 

n Aunites. This name is perhaps a cor- and " Brut y Tywysogion" at 866. 
ruption of Afnitce, or Hafnitce, from Haf- p Alldan. The Scandinavian form of 



'59 

[869.] Foirtrenn 1 was plundered and ravaged by the Lochlanns, 
and they carried off many hostages with them as pledges for rent : 
and they were paid rent for a long time after. 

A slaughter was made of the Galls at Mindroichet m by Cenneidigh, 
son of Gaithin, King of Laeighis, and by the northern Osraighi. 

At this time the Aunites n , i. e. the Danes, came with countless 
forces to Caer Ebroic , and destroyed the city, which they took, and 
this was the beginning of great troubles and difficulties to the Britons. 
For not long before this time every kind of war and commotion pre- 
vailed in Lochlann, which arose from this cause; i. e. the two younger 
sons of Albdan p , King of Lochlann, expelled the eldest son, Ragh- 
nall, son of Albdan, because they feared that he would take the 
kingdom of Lochlann after their father; and Raghnall came with his 
three sons to Innsi Orc q , and Raghnall tarried there with his youngest 
son. But his elder sons, with a great host, which they collected from 
every quarter, came on to the British Isles, being elated with pride 
and ambition, to attack the Franks and Saxons. They thought that 
their father had returned to Lochlann immediately after setting out. 

Now, their pride and youthful ambition induced them to row for- 
ward across the Cantabrian Sea r , i. e. the sea which is between Erin 
and Spain, until they reached Spain 8 , and they inflicted many evils 

in 

this name may probably be Halden, or does not mention that they crossed the 

Halfdane. See Saxon. Chron., A.D. 871 ; Graditanean Straits. "Northern Anti- 

O'Elaherty's Ogyg., p. 485, A. D. 871. quities," Bohn's Ed., p. 173, note. See 

q Innsi Ore. i. e. the Orkney Islands. alsoDepping, " Histoire des Exped. Mari- 

* Cantabrian Sea. i. e. the Biscayan Sea. times des Normands," liv. ii., chap. 3 

8 Until they reached Spain. Mallet (p. 121, New. Ed., 1844), who cites the 

gives an account of an excursion made by Annal. Bertin. for the statement that the 

a strong force of Scandinavian rovers into Northmen ravaged the coast of Erisia, 

Spain in September, 844, which looks and infested the Scottish islands in the 

very like the one here described, but he year 847. 



i6o 

eDip op^ain ~| innpeb. "Cart^accup lapccam Dap an TViuincfnn 
n^atnanca, - 1 - bail ] ccem muip meDireppanian if in Ocian imfc- 
cpac, 50 pdngaccup an Qppaic ; ] cuipiD car: pip na TTlaupio- 
canuib, "] cniciD beap^dp na TTIaupiocana. Qcc cfna ap a^ mil i 
gcfnn an cacapa a bubaipc an t>apa mac pip an mac oile : a 
bpdcaip, ap pe, ap mop an mfciall i an bdpacc pil popainn beic 
ap 506 cfp a ccfp ap puo an oomuin ^ap mapbab, a nac 05 cop- 
narh ap n-arapba pen acadm, ~\ piap ap n-acap Do ^enam, uaip ap 
a aonap aca anopa amuic -| imeprm iccfp nac leip pein, ap map- 
bob an tapa mic popagpom na pappaD, amail poillpi^reap bampa, 
gomab i n-aiplinge no poillpigcea bopom pin : ~] po mapbab an mac 
oile bo a ccac pmnbpfccam t>no, ma ceapna an c-araip pen ap an 
car pin, que peuepa comppobarum eipc. 

In can po baoi ga pab pin ap ann at) connaipc car na TTlaupi- 
cana cuca : ~\ map aD connaipc an mac po paib na bpiarpa pfrh- 
ainn pin, po ling 50 hoban 'p ari cac "j cdinic o'lonnpoi^ pf na TTiau- 
picana, ~[ cuj buille t>o cloibfrh mop bo, 50 po at> a lam be. l?o 
cuipeab 50 cpuaib cfcrup an t)d lOr 'p aT1 ^ac pa, ~[ nf pu^ nfc ofob 
copgup oa chele 'pern car pin. Qcc cdinig cac t)fob o'lonnpaij a 
lon^poipc, ap mapbab pocaibe eccuppa. Ra puagaip imuppo 
cac dp a cele coibeacc ap na mdpac Do cum an cara. IRo lom- 
jab imuppo pf na TTlaupicana an lon^popc, -j pa ela ipin ofbce ap 
ngaio a laime be. O cdinig cpa an maiom po jabpac na Coclan- 
aij a n-apma, ~] po coipi^pioc iao 50 cpuaib beoba DO cum an 
caca. Ma TTlaupicana imuppo 6 po aipi^pic a pf D'elub, po ceic- 
pioD ap mapbab a nDeapjdip. 

Ro 

1 The Gaditanean Straits. i. e. the * Mauritani. i. e. the Moors. Haurita- 

Straits of Gades, in the south of Spain, nia Proper answers to the modern Morocco. 

The modern Cadiz preserves the name. y The father himself. Meaning, " if our 

u The external ocean. i. e. the Atlantic, father himself." 



in Spain both by killing and plundering. They afterwards crossed 
the Gaditanean Straits*, i. e. where the Mediterranean Sea goes into 
the external ocean u , and they arrived in Africa, and there they fought 
a battle with the Mauritani*, in which a great slaughter of the Mauri- 
tani was made. However, on going to this battle, one of the sons 
said to the other : " Brother," said he, " it is great folly and madness 
in us to be going from one country to another throughout the world, 
killing ourselves, instead of defending our patrimony and obeying 
the will of our father, for he is now alone away from home, and so- 
journing in a country not his own; the second son, whom we left 
along with him, having been killed, as was revealed to me (this had 
been revealed to him in a dream), and his other son was killed in a 
battle ! It is wonderful, too, if the father himself* has escaped from 
that battle, que z revera comprobatum est" 

As he was saying these words, they saw the battle array of the 
Mauritani approaching them ; and as the son who said the aforesaid 
words saw it, he rushed suddenly into the battle, and he came up to 
the King of Mauritania, and gave him a stroke of a great sword, and 
cut off his hand. The battle was fought with great hardihood on both 
sides, although neither party gained the victory in that battle ; but 
both returned to their camps, after many persons had been killed on 
both sides. They, however, challenged each other to battle the next 
day. But the King of Mauritania fled from his camp, and fled at 
night, after having lost his hand. When the morning came, however, 
the Lochlanns put on their armour, and prepared themselves with 
hardihood and vigour for the battle. But when the Mauritani per- 
ceived that their king had absconded, they fled, after many of them 
had been cut off with great slaughter 8 . 

After 

1 Que. Eead quod. The meaning is, that him in a dream, was found to turn out true, 
what had been miraculously revealed to a Great slaughter. The editor has not 

Y 



162 

17o cuaccup mppin na toclonnaij pon rfp ~] po aipjjpioc, -] po 
o an cfp uile ; cu^pao ona plua mop bi'ob a mbpaic leo 
50 hGipinn .1. piao pin na pip ^opma, uaip ipionann Tflaupi -| nigpi : 
TTIaii pi cam a ip lonarm ip ni^picuoo. Qp inbfccain ma reapna an 
rpfp ouine Do Coclonnaib etnp in nfc pa mapbaio, -| po bcubic t)fb 
pan TDuincinn muipibe ^aoicanna. Qp paoa Dna po baDap na 
pip ^opma pin i n-'Gipinn. Qp ann aca TTlaupicania concpa 6a- 
leapep Inpulap. 

]Cal. Gclippip polip in Calenoip lanuapn. 

Ceallac mac Qilella, ab Cille oapa, "] ab lae, oopimiuie in 
pegione piccopum. 

TTlainchine Gppcop Cecjline quieuic. 

Uuaual mac Qpcgoppa, ppim eppcop poipcpfnn, -] ab Oum 
Caillen, mopicup. 

15inn Colmain mic Ounlainge, pi porapc cfpe ; t>o mapbab e Da 
cloinn pein. 

Ui^fpnac mac pocapca, pi peap mbpea^. 

Ip in bliaoam pi caini^ Uompap lapla, o Luimnioc 50 Cluain 
pfpca bpfnainn, (ouine amopeannoa agapb ainogib eipme Do Loc- 
lannaib) anoap leip DO ^ebaD bpao mop 'pn cill pin, ^ibfo nf map 
pa paoil puaip, uaip cainij peal bfg piop peime, -\ po reicfb 50 
maic peime i n-eacpaib, opeam eile i peipcimb, Dpfm oile'pincfm- 
pul. Qn opfm imuppo pop a pu^pom ap an uplap, -\ ip in pelic 
po mapbporh. "Ro baoi Dno Copmac mac Glacoij, paoi ea5na 

Gipfnn, 

been able to find any account of this inva- c Balearic Isles. Majorca, Minorca, Ca- 

sion of Morocco by the Northmen in any brera, Iviza, &c. 

other authority. d An eclipse of the sun. This eclipse 

b Blue men in Erin. No account of is entered in the Annals of Ulster at the 

these blue men has been found in any year 864, but the true year is 865. 

other Annals or history. e Ceallach. Annals of Ulster, A.D. 864; 



163 

After this the Lochlanns passed over the country, and they plun- 
dered and burned the whole country ; and they carried off a great host 
of them [the Mauritani] as captives to Erin, and these are the blue men 
[of Erin], for Mauri is the same as black men, and Mauritania is the 
same as blackness. It is wonderful if every third man of the Lochlanns 
escaped, between the numbers who were killed arid those who were 
drowned of them in the Gaditanean Straits. Long indeed were these 
blue men in Erin b . Mauritania is situated opposite the Balearic Isles". 

[869.] Kal. An eclipse of the sun d on the Calends of January. 

Ceallach 6 , son of Ailell, Abbot of Cill dara and Abbot of I, died ^/ 
in the region of the Picts. 

Mainchine f , Bishop of Leithghlin, died. 

Tuathal g , son of Artgus, chief Bishop of Fortrenn, and Abbot of >/ 
Dun Caillen [Dunkeld], died. 

The killing of Colman, son of Dunlang, King of Fotharta-tire h : 
he was killed by his own children. 

Tighernach 1 , son of Focarta, King of the men of Breagh [died]. 

In this year came Tomrar k the Earl, from Luimnech to Cluain- 
fearta-Brenainn 1 (he was a fierce, rough, cruel man of the Lochlanns), 
thinking that he would find a great prey in that church, but he did 
not find it as he thought, for intelligence had gone a short time before 
him, and they fled expertly from him, some in boats, others into the 
morasses, and others into the church. Those whom he caught on the 

floor 

Reeves' s "Adamnan," p. 391 ; F. M. 863. k Tomrar. This Tomrar is not men- 

f Mainchine. F. M. 863. tioned in any other Annals, unless he be 

s TuathaL F. M. 863 ; Ann. Ult. 864. the same as the Tomrar, son of Tomralt, 

h Fotharta-tire. i. e. the inland Foth- who was slain 923 (F. M.). 

arta, now the barony of Forth, in the ' Cluain-fearta Brenainn. Now Clon- 

county of Carlow. Ann. F. M. 863. fert. This attack is not mentioned in any 

1 Tighernach. Ann. Ult. 864 [= 865]. other Annals known to the Editor. 

Y 2 



164 

6ijifnn, comapba pen Ciapdin Saijjpe pin cfmpal pin. Ra paop 
Oia i bpenainn iaD amlai pin. TTla]ib imoppu DO Dapacc an 
Uompaip 'p in bliabain pi, ap n-imipc Do bhpenamn miopbal paip. 

Ip in bliajam pin po cuabap na pij Coclonnaij im ITlumain 
"| pluaja mopa leo, "| pa inopipio 50 cpoba an ITlurhain. ^ibfb 
cfna ru^ab Deap dp poppa ann, uaip raim^ Cinnecijj mac 
^cnuin, pf Caoigpi (mac epibe DO CainD ingin Ounlamge, "| pibe 
Dno mauaip plainn mic TTIaoilpeacloinn -\ ap i ba bfn an canpa 
D'Qob mac Neill, pi^ Ufmpac), ap e an mac-^afrin ba 
1 ba copgpaca pop ^allaib pan aimpip pin i n-6ipmb 
lapam an Cinneci^ pi -] Laoijip 50 nDpeim Do Oppaigib maille 
pip 50 lonjpopu na Loclann, gup po mapbpac Dfpjap a nDfjoaome 
ap lap an longpoipr. Ip ann pin ao connaipc CinneDi^ pfp D'a 
muinnp pein, -] Diap Loclann 05 rpiall a cinn DO beim be, caimj 
50 rpic Da paopab, ~| po bfn an Da cfnn Do'n Di'p pin, "| po paop a 
peap muincipe pein. Uainic peme CenneDij 50 mbuaib ~| cop^up. 
dp annpaiDe Do pala an cpfc Loclannac i naijib CinneDi^ co 
n-eoalaib mopa occa. O po cualarup na maire UD Do mapbab po 
pagpao a gcpeic, ] a n-eoala, -j ran^acrup 50 cpuaib, beoba i 
n-aijib Cinneci. l?o co^baiD goca allrhapba bapbapba annpaibe, 
1 pcuic lomba babpDha "| pocuibe ^a pab nui, nui. T?o DiobaipgiD 
lapam pai oe lomba fcuppa ~] lergae i pa j^abpac pa Deoi^ pop a 

cclofbmib 

m Cormac. He was Abbot of Seirkieran, Died of madness. This is probably a 

in the King's County. His death is no- mistake, confounding this Tomrar with the 

ticed in the Annals of Ulster at the year Tomrar Mac Ailchi, or Elge, who died, or 

868. " went to hell with his pains" in 922, ac- 

n Saved them. Something seems to cording to the Annals of Clonmacnoise. 

have been omitted here. The narrative See "Leabhar na gCeart," Introd., p. xli. 

is probably abridged from some ecclesias- p Predatory party. A party who had 

tical legend. gone forth from the camp for plunder. 



floor and in the churchyard he killed. Cormac m , son of Elathach, 
chief of Erin for wisdom, the successor of old Ciaran, of Saighir, was 
in the church. God and Brenann thus saved them n . And Tomrar 
died of madness in this year, Brenann having wrought a miracle 
upon him. 

In this year the Lochlann kings went into Munster, having great 
hosts along with them, and they bravely ravaged Munster. They were, 
however, dreadfully slaughtered, for Cennedigh, son of Gaithin, King 
of Laeighis,the son of Lann, daughter of Dunlangfwho was the mother 
of- Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, and at this time the wife of Aedh, son 
of Niall, King of Teamhair, and this son of Gaithin was the fiercest 
and the most victorious man against the foreigners inErin at this time), 
this Cennedigh came with theLaeighis and a party of the Osraighi to 
the camp of theLochlanns and made a slaughter of the best of their men 
in the middle of the camp. On this occasion Cennedigh saw a man of 
his people between two Lochlann men who were going to cut off his 
head, and he came actively to his relief, and beheaded the two Loch- 
lanns, and thus saved his own man. Cennedigh then passed forward 
with victory and triumph. Then the predatory party p of the Loch- 
lanns came against Cennedigh, having great spoils in their hands, and 
when they heard of the killing of the chiefs aforesaid, they left their 
plunder and spoils and came vigorously and actively against Cenne- 
digh. They raised foreign barbarous shouts there, and blew warlike 
trumpets, and many said " nui, nui q !" Many darts and half javelins 
were discharged between them, and at last they took to their heavy, 
strong-striking swords. But God was assisting the son of Gaithin and 

his 

q Nui, nui. Quere, whether this war- ritory included in the present Queen's 
cry is not the Norse noe, noe (now, now /). County), must have been taken from some 
This account of the conflict between Ken- local Annals, preserved, probably, at Clo- 
nedy, son of Gahan, King of Leix (a ter- nenagh or Clonfert-Mulloe. ]S"o account 



i66 

ccloiorhib rpoma ropcbuilleDa. ^)i6e6 rpa po bai Oia 05 pupcacc 
DO mac 5 ai ^ ln co na niwnncip, po popuaipli^fb na Loclannai 5, -j 
pa pagpac a larpai imbualca : pa cuaoap app i maiDm ap map- 
ba6 a nofpgap. Opfm oile nf tifcarcup i ppao ap a ppainne ap 
ppulang jopra moipe 66ib, no ap a ndipe leo cecf6. In uaip ao 
concacrup plua mic ^airin occ cionol an mairiupa po 
purh leo, rangarcup na nDfai6. 171 ap po connaipc mac 
epibe, po ^ab pora arhail paol po caopcab, 50 po reicpiot) 'p an 
monaiD ^up po mapbam 'p an nionaiD uile iao, 50 nouacrup com 
a ccolla. Ro rhapbpac Dno an tuccpa .1. mac ^airin co muinncip 
ofp^ap aopa gpaba pi^ Coclann i n-aipo aile pin TTlumain .1. 
mapcplua^ pi^ Loclann. Ip na 610501! pa mapbpac na Loclan- 
naij pluctj Ttiop clepec, pa baoi [ma longpupc] pein, ace ap lap 
mbuaib ongra ~| airpi^e. 

Ip i n-ampip pm pug clu mop TTlaoilciapam eioip ^aoibealuib 
ap a mence buaDa t>o bpeir 66 t>o Loclannaib. 

Ip in blia6ampi ba mapb Uompup lapla, nama bpenainn oo 
Dapacc i pupr TTlanann, -j ba hf6 aD cfo bpenainn 50 mapbab, 

Ip in ran po DO ponpao Ciappuije popbaipi pop mumncip an 
Uompaip pin, ~\ ap narracc Doib bpenainn ap bpu an mapa, po 
baoi an coim6e 05 pupracr Do na ^aomiolaib : uaip baoi an muip 
65 baDhab na Coclann, ~] na Ciappui^e ^a mapbaD. Conjal an 
Sfnoip pi Ciappui^e pu^ buaiD ipin conjail cara pa. Qp uaireab 
rpa lomnocc ~| ^onra ceapna Do na Coclannaib ; ba mop n-6ip -j 
aip^iD, ~j bancaom po pa^baiD ann pin. 

Ip in bliaDam pi Dno canjaccup ploig Loclann 6 phupr Copc- 

aije 

of it is given in the published Annals. cover their spoils. 

r They came. i. e. the wounded or ' Maelciarain. The death of this cham- 

wearied Lochlanns rallied, and followed pion is entered in the Ann. Ult. at 868 ; 

the victorious Irish, to endeavour to re- ~F. M. 867. 



167 

his people, and they prevailed over the Lochlanns, who left the field 
of conflict and fled routed after having sustained red havoc. Some of 
them had not gone far, in consequence of weakness, having suffered 
much from hunger, or who were ashamed to fly ; when these per- 
ceived the host of the son of Gaithin collecting the spoils which they 
had abandoned to them, they came r after them. When the son of 
Gaithin saw this, he attacked them as the wolf attacks sheep, so that 
they fled into a bog, and in that bog they were all killed, and dogs 
devoured their bodies. This party also, i. e. the son of Gaithin and 
his people, made a great slaughter of the aes-gradha [servants of 
trust] of the King of the Lochlanns in another direction in Munster, 
i. e. of the cavalry of the King of the Lochlanns; and in revenge of 
this the Lochlanns killed a great host of clerics who were in their 
own camp; but it was after the victory of unction and penance. 

At this time Maelciarain 8 obtained great fame among the Gaeidhil 
from his frequent victories over the Lochlanns. 

In this year Tomrar, the Earl, the enemy of Brenann, died of mad- 
ness at Port-Manann*, and he saw Brenann u killing him. 

In this year the Ciarraighi [Kerry-men] made an invading camp 
against the people of this Tomrar, and having supplicated Brenann 
on the brink of the sea, the Lord was aiding the Gaedhil, for the sea 
was drowning the Lochlanns, and the Ciarraghi were killing them. 
Congal, the senior x , King of Ciarraighe, gained victory in this battle. 
The Lochlanns escaped, few, naked, and wounded, leaving behind 
them much gold and silver, and fair women. 

In this year also the hosts of the Lochlanns came from the port 

of 

* Port-Manann i. e. the harbour of the the Irish, and was particularly hostile to 

Isle of Man. the Scandinavians. 

"Brenann. i. e. St. Brendan, of Clon- * Congal the senior i. e. the aged. 

fert. St. Brendan was the navigator of There is no account of this destruction of 



i68 

cne D'apsain pfjiTYiaije pene, ace cfna nf pa cfoai^ Oia Doib, uaip 
ip an ran pin uangaccup na Oepi ap cpfcaib 'p an ppfpcmn ceena 
cpe pempe^ab Oe, uaip ba Deapjj-narriaiD peimipin na Oeipi ~| 
pipTYiaijjje. 'O po concaccup lapam na Oepi na Coclannaig 05 
opgain "| 05 innpa6 an efpe ean^accup D'ionnpaiib peapmui^e, -\ Do 
ponpac pfb baingm eaipipi, ~] po cuafcap an aonpfp i ccfnn na Loclann 
50 jap5, beoba, commba^ac, -j pa cuipfo 50 cpuaib cpoba leic pop 
lee fbuppa, jibfo po mfriiaiD popp na Coclanaib rpe miopbail an 
coimohet), ~[ pa cuipiob a noeapj ap. T?d cuaib imnppo a rraoi- 
pioc .1. ^nimcinnpiolai5 la amim 50 painij caipcail Dampen baoi 
a gcompocpaib 66ib, "] po puabaip a ^abail, ~| ape6 ba t>forhaom DO, 
uaip m pa peo a pulan^ ap lomao paja -| cloc get nOiubpa^ab 60. 
Ipe6 t)0 pi^mpiorh Cfnnpaolao Do ^aipm cuige, uaip ba Doi^ leip 
ba capa e, ] aip^fba iom6a Do ^eallab bo ap a anacal, -j a peb ba 
Di'orhaom Doporh, uaip po caipngfoporh amac cpia innpibe na poc- 
aibe po pojnaiDpioc Do peirhe, -| po mapbab 50 rpuaj 6, ~\ po map- 
baiD a rhuinncep uile. ba gaipic imuppo laprrain 50 rcangap Do 
cum an caipceol in po cairpiorh a bfraib 50 paprolac, "] po Diop- 
gaoileab uile 6. Sic emm placuic Deo. 

|^al. Dinfpcac, ab Couhpa mopicuup. 

Coc Cebinn Do poub i ppml, 50 paibe na paipcib cpo amail 
pjarha. 

Spuraip 

the followers of Tomrar by field and flood, by the Deisi, and he was, no doubt, the 

to be found in the published Annals. same person as the Gnim Cinnsealaigh 

y Corcach i. e. from the harbour of here mentioned. 

Cork. There is no account of this trans- a Castle. Caipciul. This is the ear- 
action given in the published Annals. liest notice of a Danish castle in Ireland. 

1 Gnim Cinnsiola It is stated in the This entry, however, is not to be found 

Ann. F. M. at the year 865, that Gnim- in the other Annals, 

beolu, chief of the Galls of Cork, was slain b Lothra. Now Lorha, in the barony 



169 

of Corcach y to plunder Fera Maighe-Feine [Fermoy]. God, however, 
did not permit them, for at this time the Deisi had come to plunder 
in the same land by the providence of God, for before this time the 
Deisi and the Feara-maighe were mortal enemies. When, however, 
the Deisi saw the Lochlanns plundering and ravaging the country, 
they came to the Feara-maighe, and they made a firm and faithful 
peace [with each other], and they went together against the Loch- 
lanns, fiercely, actively, and unitedly, and a fierce and terrible battle 
was fought between them; however, the Lochlanns were defeated 
through God's miracle, and they were cut off with great slaughter. 
But their chief, Gnim Cinnsiolla 2 by name, went to a strong castle 8 
which stood near them, and he attempted to take it, but it was a vain 
effort for him, for he was not able to bear the number of darts and 
stones shot at him. He then called Cennfaeladh to him, for he 
thought he was a friend, and promised him many rewards for pro- 
tecting him ; but this was also idle for him, for he was taken out at 
the request of the hosts who had served him previously, and pite- 
ously killed with all his people. Shortly afterwards they came to the 
castle in which he had passed his time voluptuously, and totally de- 
molished it : Sic enim placuit Deo. 

[866.] Kal. Dinertach, Abbot of Lothra b , died. 

Loch Leibhinn c was turned into blood, so that it was in clots of 
blood, like sgama*. 

Sruthair, 

of Lower Ormond, county of Tipperary. an island in this lake, and, according to 

See F. M. 864. the tradition in the country, the Danish 

" Loch Leilhinn. Now Lough Leane, tyrant Turgesius had a residence on the 

near Fore, in the county of Wcstmeath. same island. Ann. F. M. 864 ; Ann. Hit. 

According to the Life of St. Fechin, pub- 865. 

lished by Colgan, Diarmaid, King of Ire- d Sgama. Scum, dross ; the liver, or 

land, who died A. D. 664, had lived on lights ; the scale of a fish. Latin, squama. 



170 

Spucaip, -] Slebce, -| Qcab Qpglaip D'apgain Do 
Ip in bbabain pi .1. pepcco anno pegiminip Qo6a mic Neill, 
maibm pe Laigrnb pop UiB Neill, i ccopcaip THaolmuab mac 
Ounchaba, "j TTlaolmuipcemne mac TTlaoilbpij^e. 

Ueagrhail eioip 'Oiple, mac pf Coclann, i Qrhlaib a bpacaip. 
Upi mic baccup ag an pf .1. Qmlaib, -\ lomap, -j 'Oiple. Oiple ba 
poo a n-aoip Dfob, "| ap e ba moo ap aoi eangnama ; uaip pug Deapp- 
gughab mop inDiubapgan poga -] inniopc^a DO 5h a it> ec dmb. Rug 
Dno ofppgughab Do Loclannaib in mupc cloibim ~\ m-Diubpagab 
paigfo. 17o baoi a Dubpuar 50 mop ga bpaiupib. Gpe6 ap mo 
po baoi ag Qmlaoib. Nf inipin cuipi na mipcfn ap a libpi. T?a 
cuaoap an Da bpauaip .1. Qmlaoib i lomap i gcomaiple ma cain- 
gm in mic 615 .1. 'Oiple, 56 po baccup cuipi Dicealca occa Da 
rhapbaD, ni biaD cugpac ap aipD, ace cuipi eile po cogbaccup ap 
dipD ap anolepioD a mapbaD, "] pa cinpioc laparh a mapbaD. 'O 
po pmip Qmlaoib Dal an bparap ba miopgaip leip Do uuibeacc, 
ippeD DO pigne cfccaipeaba caipipi Do cup ap cfnn na picaipe ba 
ponaipce i ba beoba aige, 50 mbeicrfp apcig ap cfnn 'Oiple. 
Uamic lapam an c'Oipli .1. an Duine ap pfpp cpur "| fngnarh baoi 
an can pin 'p an t>oman; uaicfb Dna caimg i ccfc abpacaip ; uaip nf 
paoil an nf puaip ann .1. a mapbab. Ipeb imoppo po cuinnig ann nf 
nac po paoil. Qpfb po lapp 6 cup Diolmainiup labapca Do cab- 
aipc DO. Uugab Doporh pain. Qpfb imoppo, polabaippiorh .1. 

a bpacaip 

e Sruthair. Now Shrule, on the east h By the Gentiles. The P. M., at 864, 

side of the River Barrow, near the town have, "by the Osraighi." 

of Carlo w. See Ann. F. M., p. 562, note. * Aedh. This was the year 869. This 

f Slebhte. Now Sleaty, near the town entry is not in the published Annals, 

of Carlow. k Amhlaeihh, &c. These three princes 

g Achadh arghlais. Now Agha, in the are mentioned in the Annals of Ulster, at 

barony of Idrone, county of Carlow. the year 862, as having plundered the an- 

r 



Sruthair 6 , and Slebhte f , and Achadh Arghlais g were plundered by 
the Gentiles h . 

In this year, the sixth of the reign of Aedh 1 , son of Niall, a vic- 
tory was gained by the Leinster-men over the Ui-Neill; in the battle 
fell Maelmuaidh, son of Donchadh, and Maelmuirtheimhne, son of 
Maelbrighde. 

A meeting [took place] between Oisle, son of the King of Loch- 
lann, and Amhlaeibh, his brother. The king had three sons, namely, 
Amhlaeibh k , and Imhar, and Oisle. Oisle was the youngest of them in 
age, but the greatest in point of valour, for he gained great celebrity 
by excelling all the Gaeidhil in shooting darts and javelins, and he 
excelled the Lochlanns in strength of sword and in shooting darts. 
His brothers had a black hatred for him, and Amhlaeibh more than 
the other. The causes of the hatred are not to be told, on account of 
their complexity. The two brothers, Amlaeibh and Imhar, con- 
sulted together about the cause of the young brother, Oisle; and 
though they had hidden reasons for killing him, these \vere not what 
they brought forward, but they dissembled and brought forward 
other causes for which they ought to kill him ; and they afterwards 
resolved upon killing him. When Amhlaeibh had learned that 
the party of the brother whom he hated had arrived, what he did 
was, to send faithful messengers for the stoutest and most vigorous 
knights he had, that they might be in the house on Oisle's arrival. 
Oisle afterwards arrived. He was the best shaped and the most va- 
liant man that was then in the world. He came with a small party 
to the house of his brother, for he did not expect to meet his death 
there, as he did. He requested a thing which he did not think would 

be 

cient sepulchral caves, as well as the land Oisle, or Flosius, is recorded A. D. 866. 

of Flann, son of Conaing, chief of Cia- " Auisle tertius rex Gentilium dolo et 

nachta in Bregia ; and the murder of parricidio a fratribus suis jugulatus est." 

Z 2 



172 

abpdraip (ap pe) muna ppail gpdb Do mnd, .1. ingfn Cinaor agaDpa, 
cib na leigi Dampa uaic f, -| gac ni po Dfogbaip pia, DO beppa buir, 
'O po cuala an c-Gmlaib pin, po gab CD mop 6, "| po nocc a cloi- 
bfrh, agup rug buille 6e i gcfnn 'Oiple .1. a bpdrap, gup pop mapb. 
Ro coimeipig cdc ap amup a ceile mpruain .1. muincfp an pi .1. 
Ctrhlaoib, i muinncfp an bpdcap po mdpbab ann ; bdccup pcuic, "| 
corhaipc mapfc annpaioe. Ro cuap lappain pa longpopc an bpa- 
rap po mapba6 ann, ap ccup bfpgdp a rhuinncipe. Rob iom6a 
mainop ip in longpopc pin. 

'Sin bliabain pi Do cuabap na Danaip 50 Caep Gbpoic ~| Do 
panpar cac cpuaib DO na Sapcanaib ann. Ro maiD pop Sa^anuib, 
"] po mapbab pig Sapcan ann .1. Qlle, rpe bpar ~| meabail giolla 
615 Da rhuinnp pein. Uugab cpa dp mop ip in car pin, ~j pa cuap 
i ap pain pop Caep Gbpoic, -\ cugab iomaD gac maiuiupa eipce, 
uaip bd paibbip an can pin f, ~\ mapbrup na pppfr Do beagbaoine 
innce. dp ap pin po pap gac Doconac, i gac imneab D'innpi bpea- 
con. 

Ip in bliabam pi cainig an CenneDig aipbipc .1. mac 5 ai ^ ln ) 
ndma cluuc na Coclann D'lonnpoigib longpoipc Qmtoib, pi na Loc- 
lann (~\ ap epibe pfrhamn DO mapb a bpacaip) gup po loipcc .... 
"Cangaccup na Coclannaig na Dfgaib, ~| map cugporh a aighib 
poppa, po maib peime Dib go mge an longpoipc i po mapb a 
nDeapgdp na paopclann. 

Ip in bliabam pi caimc bapic mpla, ~| haimap Diap DO cinel 

poicinealac 

1 Caer Elroic. i. e. the town of York, had taken to themselves a king, JElla, not 

See Saxon Chronicle, A. D. 867 ; Ann, of royal blood." The death of JEMa on 

Ult. 866. this occasion is not Recorded ; but Flor. 

m Alle. The East Anglians (i. e. Nor- Wigorn. in hisChron. says, " occisis duo- 

thumbrians), says the Saxon Chronicle, bus regibus," viz. Osbryght and JElla. 
" had cast out their king Osbryght, and n The camp of Amhlaeilh. In the Ann. 



'73 

be granted him. He first requested that freedom of speech should 
be granted him, and what he said was : " Brother," said he, " if thou 
art not fond of thy wife, the daughter of Cinaedh, why not give her 
away to me, and whatever dower thou hast given for her, I shall give 
to thee." When Amhlaeibh heard this, he was seized with great jea- 
lously; he drew his sword and dealt his brother Oisle a blow of it on 
the head, and killed him. The parties of both then rose up to give 
battle to each other, i. e. the people of the King, Amhlaeibh, and the 
people of the brother who was killed. Trumpets were blown, and 
combats were fought between both parties there. The camp of the 
slain brother was afterwards entered after his people had been dread- 
fully slaughtered, and many were the spoils found in that camp. 

In this year the Danes went to Caer-Ebroic 1 and gave hard battle 
to the Saxons there. They defeated the Saxons, and killed the Saxon 
King there ; viz. Alle m , through the treachery and deceit of a young 
man of his own people. Great havoc took place in that battle. 
The city of Ebroc was then entered, and much of every kind of riches 
was carried out of it, for it was wealthy at this time, and all the good 
people who were found within it were slain. From this arose every 
kind of misfortune and trouble to the island of Britain. 

In this year the famous Cennedigh, son of Gaithin, the celebrated 
enemy of the Lochlanns, came to the camp of Amhlaeibh n , King of 
the Lochlanns (he who murdered his brother, as we have before 
mentioned), and burned it .... The Lochlanns came in pursuit of 
him, but he turned upon them and routed them back to their camp, 
and he made a great slaughter of their nobles. 

In this year Barith the Earl , and Haimar, two of the noble race 

of 

F. M., A. D. 865, Tilt. 866, Dun-Amh- been at Clondalkin. 

laeibh, or Amlaff's fort, is said to have Barith the Ea/rl. The only Barith 



174 

poicinealacnaLoclann,cpeldpConnacrb^onnpoi5ibCuimni5,amail 
na bfpnbafp ni bo Connaccaib. ^>ibfb nf arhlaib bo pala, uaip nf 
'pan lomab po caipipnigpiob ace na mbjii^aib pein. 1?o puappac- 
cup naConnaccai^ rpia celcc a ppopuaipliu^abporh: uaip bo pala 
apeile TTluimneac ponaipc, cpuaib, ~\ glic i n-imipc apm, fruppa an 
ran pin, ~\ ba glic Dno a ccomaiplib an TTiuiTYineac pin. l?o lopailfc- 
cup laparii Connacca paippme Dola ap amup na Coclann, map ba 
t>o rrabaipc eoluip Doib, "] Do mapbab bapir. TTlap panai^pibe 50 
mje an lonao i paba haiimap ru^ buille 06 leacga 50 ponaipe in 
haimap, 50 pop mapb. TTiilib imuppo Connacrac t>o cuaib maille 
pip ap cf mapbra an bapir, nf rdpla t>opai6e arhail ba burpacc 
laip, uaip po ^onab e rpe na pliapam, ~| pa cuam ap ap eigin 
laprcam. T?a ^abpac ono na Connacraij; po na Loclannaib gup 
ciiippioo beap^dp na Coclann, -] nf harhlaib po biab muna beir an 
caill ~\ an abhai^ i ppocpaib. Ipeb po cuaccup lapccam coim^e 
an lonaib ap a ccan^accup, ~\ nf bo Cuirnneac. 

]Qal. TTlaolbuin mac Qoba Oipbni^e, in clepicacu obnr. 

17obapcac, Gpipcopup ec papienp pionn^laipi, mopirup. 

Copspach ri^e Uelle, pcpibnibe ~] angcoipe, b'ecc. 

Conall Cille Scfpe, epipcopup, quieuir. 

Copmac hUa Ciachain, epipcopup ec anachopeca, quieuic. 

, ab Combepe ~\ Lainneala, quieuic. 
mac OuBbabaipfnn mopicup. 

TTluipfoac 

mentioned in the Irish Annals is Barith, land A. D. 797-820. 
a fierce champion of the Norsemen, who q Finnglais. Now Finglas, near Dub- 
was slain at Duhlin in 878, according to lin. Ann. Ult. 866. 
the Ann. F. M.; Ult 880. * Tigh Telle.Now Tihelly, or Teely, 
p Maelduin, son of Aedh. A. D. 866 [the house of St. Telle, see Mart. Dungal. ad 
[=867] Ann. Ult. He was the son of 25 Jun.], nearDurrow, in the north of the 
Aedh Oirdnidhe, who was King of Ire- present King's County. Colgan's Acta SS., 



175 

of the Lochlanns, came through the middle of Connaught towards 
Luimneach [Limerick], as if they intended to do no injury to the 
Connaught-men. But this did not happen so, for it was not to num- 
bers they trusted, but to their own vigour. The Connaught-men pro- 
posed to cut them off by treachery; for at that time there happened 
to be a certain Munster-man among them who was brave, hardy, and 
cunning in the use of arms, and he was also wise in councils. The 
Connaught-men requested of him to go towards the Lochlanns, as if 
to guide them, [but in reality] to kill Barith. As he came on to the 
place where Haimar was, he gave Haimar a strong blow of a half 
javelin, and killed him. But a Connaught champion, who went along 
with him for the purpose of killing Barith, did not happen to suc- 
ceed as he desired, for he was himself wounded through his thigh, 
and afterwards escaped with difficulty. The Connaught-men, how- 
ever, attacked the Lochlanns, and made a great havoc of them, but 
this would not have been the case had not the wood and the night 
been near them. The Lochlanns then returned to the place from 
which they had set out, instead of proceeding to Luimneach. 

[867.] Kal. Maelduin, son of Aedh p , King of Aileach, died in cle- 
ricatu. 

Robhartach, Bishop and sage of Finnglais q , died. 

Cosgrach, of Tigh Telle r , scribe and anchorite, died. 

Conall, of Cill Scire, a bishop, died. 

Cormac Ua Liathain, bishop and anchorite, died. 

Oigedhchair, Abbot of Coindeire [Connor] and Lann-Eala [Lyn- 
ally], died. 

Guaire, son of Dubhdabhairenn, died. 

Muireadhach, 

p. 1 5 , note i o. It is shown on the Ordnance entered are given in the Annals of the F. M. 
Map under the wrong name of Templekie- at 865, and the most of them in the Ann. 
ran. Ann. Hit. 866. The other obits here Ult. at 866, but the true year is 867. 



176 

TTlmjifoac mac Carail, pi hUa Cpiomrainn, longa papalipi 
e;xrcinccup epc. 

Ounchab mac Oun^aile mopicup. 

Canannan mac Ceallai inreppeccup epc pep Dolum 6 mac 



Connmac ab Cluana mic Noip. 

TTlaiom pe mac 5 airirn FP Congup ^ ca c ^ ia ^> ] ccopchaip 
Ooolb TTIicle. 

Oubapcac beppac paoi f^na qmeuic. 

QeDacan mac pionnacra, ollam leire Cumn, quieuic. 

Ip in bliabain pi .1. in pepcimo anno pe^ni Qoba, pa ^pennai^- 
pioo Cai^in CTpball mac Ounlain^ um car. Ra loplamai^ ono 
Cfpball ap amup an caca pain. Ro corhpaic Da mapcplua 50 
nofpnpat) ofpaib, 50 po mapbab pocaibe earruppa. In cammuppo 
po compaic acr bfg t>on cac cfcrapba ap ann camij Sloijfboc Ua 
Rairnen, comapba TTlolaippi Leirjlinne, oeocain an ran pom e, 
6ppcop imoppa, -| Comapba Ciapain Sai^pe lapccain; camicpibe 
50 na .... fgnaib, ~] 50 nofpnab piD caipipi earcoppu. 

1p in bliabam pi ono ponab moppluag la hGob pinnliar, mac 
Neill, pij 'Gipfnn o'lonnpoijib Ciannacca t>a n-apjam, ] Da n-inD- 
pab, uaip cuj pi Ciannacca .1. plann mac Conain^ mac a Dfpb- 
peacap pein, Dinpiom mop pop pij 'Gipfnn. Nf paba imuppo i 

n-Gpirm 

OdolbhMicle. i. e. Mickle, or the Big. cealla n-iom&a, &6c i. "Nou. "Aedacan, 

The name is Odulph, Edulph, Adolph, or son of Finsnechta, Tanist-abbot of Cluan 

Adolphus. Frequent mention of a king [Cloyne], and abbot of many churches, 

of Danes of this name occurs in Geffrei died istNov." 

Gamar's "Estoire des Angles." " LetJi-Chuinn. i. e. Conn's half. The 

1 Aedhacan. The scribe has added in northern half of Ireland. 

the margin the following passage from the * Aedh. i. e. the year 870. This bat- 

F. M., A. D. 865 : Qebacan mac pmp- tie between the Leinster-men and Cear- 

necca canaipi-abba& Cluana n ab bhall, King of Ossory, is not noticed in 



177 

Muireadhach, son of Cathal, King of Ui Creamhthainn, died of 
long paralysis. 

Dunchadh, son of Dormghal, died. 

Canannan, son of Ceallach, was slain by treachery by the son of 
Gaithin. 

Connmhach, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, [died]. 

A victory was gained by the son of Gaithin over the fleet of Ath- 
cliath; in the battle Odolbh Micle 8 was slain. 

Dubhartach Berrach, a learned sage, died. 

Aedhagan 1 , son of Finnacht, Ollamh of Leth-Chuinn u , died. 

[870.] In this year, the seventh of the reign of Aedh x , the Lein- 
ster-men provoked Cearbhall, son of Dunlang, to battle. Cearbhall 
prepared for this battle. The two cavalries met together and fought, 
and many were slain between them. Before, however, much fight- 
ing had gone on between them, Sloighedhach Ua Raithnen, succes- 
sor of Molaisse of Leithglinn (who was a deacon at this time, but 
afterwards a bishop and comharba of Ciaran of Saighir), came with 
his .... wise, and he made a sincere peace between them. 

[868.] In this year a great hosting was made by Aedh Finnliath, 
son of Niall, King of Erin, against the Cianachta y to plunder them, for 
the King of Cianachta, i. e. Flann, son of Conang, his own sister's son, 
had offered a great insult to the King of Erin. There was not in all 

Erin 

the published Annals. Sloighedhach Ua ancient verses composed on the subject of 

Rathnen, successor of St. Ciaran of Sai- this battle, which are referred to by the 

ghir, died in the year 885. F. M. scribe of our MS., who writes in the mar- 

y Cianachta. i. e. the Cianachta of Ere- gin, " Vide carmina de hoc praelio in Ann. 

gia. This hosting by King Aedh is noticed Dungal. an. 866." The account here 

by the F. M. at 866, which they make the given is the fullest that has yet been dis- 

sixth of the reign of Aedh, and in the covered. It appears to be perfectly au- 

Ann. Tilt, at 867, but the true year is 868 thentic, and seems to have been written 

or 869. The F. M. have quoted several immediately after the event had taken 



n-Gipmn uile bd moo enfch na caonpuapapcaib londp an planDpa, 
1 Dno gen pobuibfc Qo6 an ran fain 6e, ~| GOD na dipopi 'Gipeann, 
no ba mair gpeim plainn 66 an ran pdinig a Ifp .1. an ran no baoi 
00506 fcoppa ~j TTlaoilpfclainn mac TTlaolpiianaiD: uaip ip cpiD pin 
po mnapb TTlaoilpeclainn an plann ap a efp. Qn cpa imuppo DO 
pab an plann mac Conainj an Dinpiompi DO pi Gipfnn ap ann 
pin po bof planDa in^en pi Oppaije .1. Ounlaing, i ip ipibe ba bfn 
D'QoD pmnliau ancanpa, ap mbeirr peme 05 ITlaoilpeclamn, ~| ip f 
pu^ plann Do, an mac on ip pfpp rdinij i n-'Gipinn 'na aimpip, ~| ba 
aipopi 'Gipeann laprcam. Qpi an CanD cecna mdraip CenneDij 
fpoaipc mic ^aicfni. Ip ann aDbeipim po boi an pio^anpa aj 
Denam cTrnpuil DO naoirh bpi'giD i cCill Dapa, "| paoip iom6a aice 
ipm caille 05 cfp5aD i ag pnaibe cpann. Pa cuala cpa an pio- 
jtjanpa corhpab i uga Caijfn md pfp .1. um Qo6 pmnliac "] ima 
mac .1. im plann mac TTlaoilpeclamn, -] ni paba ap mac oile piarh 
a clo na a allaD an can pin, ~\ 6 po picip coimeipge Laijfn la 
plann mac Conain^ pi Ciannacca, cdim^ pempe 50 mje bail i 
paba a pfp, -| pt innip 66, -| po nfpc 50 pocpaiDe e, im cionol cara 
na n-agaiD. Cuipf6 cpa Qo6 lap pin a plua po Ciannacca, "| 
aipgio ~\ loipgiD 50 n-dp mop Daoine DO mapbaD 66ib. Ni cainig 
imuppo plann po ceDoip Da n-ionnpoij;i6, uaip pabaoi coblac mop 
an can pin 05 inbfp boinne, "] po cuippiom piop ap a n-amup paiDe 
50 DcfopDaoip Da poipiDin, ~\ canjaccuppom on, "| Dno cangaccup 
n D'poipigin an phlann. Uan^accup uile lapccam i nDfjaiD 
'Gipeann ] a cpfca peirhe. Ro cuaiD CtoD ap dpD po baof ag 

D na mop pocpaiDe baoi na DfgaiD pe ~\ a luce corh- 

aiple, nf ap lion 65 bpipceap cac, ace ip cpe pupcacc an coimDeaD, 

1 cpe 

place, by some Leinster historian who was of the events which he has recorded, 
opposed to the Hy-Niall race; and who * Fleet. i. e. a fleet of Norsemen or 
may probably have been an eye-witness Lochlanns. 



Erin, at this time, any one of greater valour or renown than this 
Flann, and although Aedh was not very thankful to him at this time, 
he being supreme King of Erin, Flann had afforded him aid when he 
required it, i. e. when there was a war between him and Maelsechlainn, 
son of Maelruanaidh, for it was in consequence of this that Maelsech- 
lainn had expelled Flann from his territory. When, however, Flann, 
son of Conang, offered this insult to the King of Erin, then Flanna, 
daughter of the King of Osraighe, i e. of Dunlang, the wife of Aedh 
Finnliath at this time, she having been previously married to Mael- 
sechlainn, to whom she bore Flann, the best man in Erin in his time, 
and who was monarch of Erin afterwards. This same Flanna was 
also the mother of the famous Cennedigh, son of Gaithin. This queen, 
I say, was then erecting a church to Brigit at Cill-dara [Kildare], 
and she had many tradesmen in the wood felling and cutting timber. 
Now, this queen had heard the conversation and talk of the Leinster- 
men about her husband, i. e. Aedh Finnliath, and her son, i. e. Flann, 
son of Maelsechlainn, whose fame and renown at this time had never 
been enjoyed by any son before, and when she had learned that the 
rising out of Leinster was going to aid Flann, son of Conang, King 
of Cianachta, she came forward to where her husband was, and told 
it to him, and she exhorted him heartily to assemble his forces to 
give them battle. After this Aedh sent his army throughout Cia- 
nachta, which they plundered and burned, and they made a great 
havoc of the people. Flann himself did not, however, come to at- 
tack them immediately, for there was a large fleet 21 at this time in the 
mouth of the Boinn [Boyne], and he sent for them, requesting that 
they would come to his relief and so they did; and the Leinster- 
men also came to relieve him. They all set out in pursuit of the 
King of Erin, who had sent his spoils before him. Aedh ascended a 
hill which commanded a view of the great hosts which were in pur- 

2 A 2 suit 



i8o 

"I cpe pfpinne plaea ; an Dfomup imuppo ~| an lomapcpaib plua j, n( 
hf6 ap lonrham pa Oia, ace iniple aignib ~| cpaibe Daingfn. So- 
cuibe lapam Do'n luce po, "j ap Diompac efgaio. r^ionoilibpi uile 
imumpa anopa, i na bfo6 mfnma eeicib agaib, uaip ap paoa uaib 
50 n-inge bap ceie pein, i nf capaiD Ifnpap pib, nf hanacal na 
coigill pogebeaoi. Oenaib epa na nofpnpao bap n-airpfca "] bap 
pfnairpeaca, puiln^fb cpa ppopa i n-amm na cpfonoioe Do realgub 
Duib. ITIapao a cicipn mipi 05 eipge, eipjfb ujle i n-aoinpfcc 
pora map paillpfcup Oia Duib. Oia luain ap aoi laire pfccrhame 
pin. In plann imuppo mac Conning ipm painn eile, apfb po paib- 
pibe ppia liiuinnrip. dp uarhab an luce ut), -] ap lionrhap acdimne, 
"I cpuaitnjibpi ceim C>a n-ionnpoi^ib, i t>o pigne rpf coipi^re be .1. 
e pein ap rup, -] Caijin lapceain, na Coclannai^ pa beoi ; -j po 
baoi $a n-agallab uile. "CuicpiD an luce uD libpi, ap pe, "] bep- 
eaoi buaib ~| copgup ofob, ap nf bub piu leo eeiceb pfrhaibpi, -| 
aeaoipi Uon ap moo. Uaip nf ap pae oile aeupa 05 an caeugabpa, 
ace DO abail pige Ufrhpac, no Dom mapbab. Robceup aille epa 
na epf coipijn pin, pob lomba meipge alainn lolDarac ann, ~\ pgiaea 
gaca Dara. Uangaceup lapurfi pon ccuma pain b'lonnpoijib pij; 
'Gipeann. 

Ro baoi imuppo pi 'Gipeann ^a n-iopnaibe, i pe meip^e po baoi 
aije, cpoc an coimbfb, ~\ bacall lopa. 

'O eangaceap epa na pluai naimDige i gcompocpaib Do Qob, 
pa puib ] pa copui uime pi Ulab Do'n Dapa leie, i pf TTlfbe Don 
leie oile i po paib piu : Na h-iompaibfb eeicfb, ace caipipnijib 
ipm coimbfo 6 ppuil copgup Dona Cpfopcaibib, nap ab banoa bap 

n-aigfnea, 

Showers. i. e. Showers of darts or ja- our Lord Himself to St. Patrick. See Col- 

velins. gan's Trias Thaum., p. 263, and Dr. 

b St a/ of Jesus. This was the celebrated Todd's Introd. to the book of "Obits of 

Baculus Jesu, said to have been given by Christ Church," p. viii., sq. 



suit of him .... and by the advice of his councillors, he said : " It 
is not by force of soldiers that a battle is gained, but by the aid 
of God, and the righteousness of the prince. Pride, and superfluous 
forces, are not pleasing to God, but humility of mind and firmness of 
heart [are]. These people have great hosts, and they advance 
proudly. Assemble ye all around me now, and have no intention 
of flying, for far from you are your own houses, and they are no 
friends who will follow you ; it is not protection or quarter ye 
shall receive. Do, however, as your fathers and your grandfathers 
have done; in the name of the Trinity suffer showers* to be dis- 
charged at you. When you see me rising, rise ye all to attack, as God 
will show unto you." Monday was the day of the week. Now Flann, 
son of Conang, on the other hand, said to his people: " These people 
are few, and we are numerous; harden your steps against them." He 
then divided his forces into three divisions, in the first of which he 
was himself, in the second the Leinster-men, in the last the Lochlanris, 
and he harangued them all, saying: " This people will fall by you," 
said he, " and ye shall gain victory and triumph over them, for they 
are too proud to fly before you, and ye are more numerous. I am 
not engaged in this battle with any other view except to gain the 
throne of Teamhair, or be killed." These three divisions were indeed 
beautiful; many were the beautiful parti-coloured standards that were 
there, and shields of every colour. They afterwards came in this 
order to meet the King of Erin. 

The King of Erin was awaiting them, having six standards, the 
cross of the Lord, and the staff of Jesus b . 

"When the enemies' forces came close to Aedh, he placed and ar- 
rayed around him the King of Uladh on the one side, and the King 
of Meath on the other, and he said to them : " Think not of flight, 
but trust in the Lord, who gives victory to the Christians ; let not 

your 



i8a 

ace gup ob pfpDa, -| bpipfD 50 hobann car ap bup naim- 
Dib, up po mapa Blip cclu cpe biocu. Gpf6 po pdiDpiD uile 50 
noiongnaiDip. Nf cdinig imuppo DO pi'Gipeann DeipeaD na mbpia- 
cap pin Do pa6 an uaip cangaccup a ndmaicc i ppocup, ~\ po Diu- 
baipspioD ppoppa Dfomopa DO pai^Dib ap cup i ppoppa D'pajaip 
mpccain, ~\ an cpfp ppopp Do lec^aib, lonnup gup eipj;e an pig co 
naa rhuincip na n-aijm, ^up caicijpioD Do cpoDa ppiu. 

popfop nf paghunn ap in cpemliobap aca bpipre, lomldine na 
himcfcca DO ponpar cac 'p an cachpo Cille hUa nOaipe, ndiD 
na bpiacpa bpfjDa DO labaip pig '6ipfnn 50 huilibe Do DiopgaD 
aniuincipe pein. 5 1D ^ cauani 5 U P bpipiob leipin pij ap a nd- 
rhaiD. 

Qjup annpin po pdi6 an pij (an can baof an rhaibm pe na 
rhuinncip): a muinncip lonrham, legib Do na CpfopcaiDib, ~\ impiD 
pop io6ala6apcaib 6 cdiD a maDnriainnm pfrhaib. Nfop bo Dforhaoin 
Dopoiii pin Do paD, uaip Do ponpaD pin paippiorh, lonnup nac moo 
lond cfchpamhaD Diob pdini^ plan. Uepnaccup Cai^in lomlan Da 
n-achap6a pein, uaip Do ponpao cipe Dampen cfngailce D(ob pein 
cpe corhaiple an caoipi^ cpeabaip bui aca, .1. ITlaolciapdin mac 
Rondin. plan imuppo mac Conainj, po ceic co na pocpaiDe, -| 
pugpac muinncip an pfj paip, ~\ po pagaib a cfnn, -] cugaD e DO 
Idcaip aipfcca an pi^, -| po baoi an pf ann pin 05 lomcaofnfb paip, 
-\ po baof cdc gd paDa pip nap bo coip Do a cainfb cpe goipe a 
ngaoil, i ap aDbapaib eile nac ppauim ap in cpenleabap, -]c. 
Nialldn 6ppcop Slaine, obnc. 

Copmac 

Tlie old book. A marginal note says : book," and who also adds in the margin 

" Sunt verba Firbisii," meaning that this that Gill Ua nDaighre, where this battle 

lamentation over the defects of the old was fought, is situated one mile to the 

book was that of Dudley Firbis, the scribe, north of Drogheda, "Gill hUa n-Daigpe 

who had deciphered " the old vellum mile 6 cuaift bo t)fioicfc Olca." It is 



83 

your minds be effeminate, but manly, and suddenly put your enemies 
to flight in the battle, that your fame may last for ever." They all 
replied that they would do so. The King of Erin had not finished 
the delivery of these words when the enemy came near him, and first 
discharged great showers of darts, and afterwards showers of javelins, 
and thirdly a shower of half javelins, so that the king and his people 
rose up against them, and fought bravely with them. 

Alas ! I do not find in the old book which is broken, the whole 
of the proceedings of both parties in this battle of Gill Ua nDaighre, 
nor all the fine words which the King of Erin spoke to direct his 
own people ; however, we find that the enemy were defeated by the 
king. 

And then the king said (when the enemy was routed by his peo- 
ple), " Beloved people," said he, " spare the Christians, and fight 
against the idolaters, who are now routed before you." These words 
were not spoken by him in vain, for they did this at his bidding, so 
that not more than one-fourth of them escaped scathless. The Lein- 
ster-men escaped in safety to their own patrimony, for they formed 
themselves into a solid, compact phalanx, by advice of their prudent 
leader, i. e. Maelciarain, son of Ronan. But Flann, son of Conang, 
fled with his forces, and was overtaken by the king's party ; he lost 
his head, which was carried before the King's Council, and the king 
lamented over it then, and all told him that he ought not to lament 
over it merely on account of the nearness of their relationship, and 
for other reasons which I cannot get from the old book, &c. 

[869.] Kal. Niallan d , Bishop of Slaine, died. 

Cormac, 

the place now called Killineer, which is the Ordnance Map of Louth, Sheet 24. 
a townland of St. Peter's parish, Dro- d Niallan. This and the succeeding 
gheda, on the road leading N. "W., about obits are given in the Ann. F. M. at 867, 
half way towards Monasterboice. See and in the Ann. Ult. at 868. 



184 

Copmac mac Glocai^, ab Scnjpe, ~] p^piba mopirup. 

Qilill Clocaip, pcpiba ec epipcopup eu ab Clocaip. Oubrac 
mac TTlaoilcuile ooccippimup Cacinopum couiup Gupopae in 
Chpipco quieuir. 

TTlapcpa Gobupa mac Oonngaile 6 gencib i nOipiupu Oiap- 
mat>a. 

Ounlainj; mac TTluipfbais, pi Caifn mopicup. 

TTlaolciapain mac Ronain, pi-nia aipnp Gipfnn, mopicup. 

Opjam Qpomaca o'Qrhlaoib, -| a lopccab co na tDfppcigib .1. 
t>fprac mop mic Qnoai^e. Oeic cceo eiccip hpaiD ) mapbaD; 
plat> mop olcena. 

Oonnagan mac Cet>pa6a, pi hUa Cenpiolaig ; Cian mac Cu- 
mapjai^ pi hUa m-baippche cipe mopirup. 

Ip in bliagampi .1. in ocrauo anno pegm Qo6a pinnleic pa lon- 
napbpao Cai^in caoipioc Da rcaoipiocaib uaca, uaip ba miopjaipp 
leo e .1. baoi popmao aca pip ap meb na ccopgup no beipeb Do na 
Coclannaib, no Ono, uaip ba ruilire aca 6, uaip oo Ciappaibib 
Cuacpa a bunab, no bno ap meo a bfomaip ba miopgaip leo e ; 
uaip na po peo Oin beic i ccinn maice Laijfn -\ pi Cai^fn, cainig 
pa rhuincip leip ap lonnapba fc'ionnpoijib pij Gipfnn, -j ap meo a 
blaibe fngnarha po j;ab an pi cui^e 50 honopuc e, ~] cug a injin t)6 
oo mnaoi .1. Girne. Robe meo imuppo an pmacra "] annipu rappaib 
pe pop Coclannaib, conac lamoaoip nac ^niom mojba oo Oenam ip 
na oomnaigib: po ba pgel mop pia inmpin na ucabpaoaoip oo ciupa 

bo 

e Clochar. " Clochar mic nDaimen." " was slain," as in the F. M. The Ann. 

Ann. UlL, A. D. 869. Tilt, have " jugulatus est." 

f Eodhm.No mention of this Eodhus, h Ard-Macha. Ann. Hit. 868 ; F. M. 

or of the circumstances of his martyrdom, 867. But neither Annals mention the 

is found in the Irish Martyrologies. " Oratory of Mac Andaighe." 

Died. " Moritur." This should be, j The eighth. i. e. 871. The chieftain 



i8 5 

Cormac, son of Elothach, abbot of Saighir [Seirkieran], and a 
scribe, died. 

Ailell of Clochar, scribe, and bishop and abbot of Clochar 6 ; Dubh- 
thach, son of Maeltuile, the most learned of the Latins of all Europe, 
in Christo quievit. 

The martyrdom of Eodhus f , son of Dunghal, by the Gentiles at 
Disert-Diarmada. 

Dunlaing, son of Muireadhach, King of Leinster, died. 

Maelciarain, son of Ronan, royal champion of the East of Erin, 
died*. 

The plundering of Ard-Macha h , by Amhlaeibh, and its burning 
with its oratories, i. e. the great oratory of Mac Andaighe. Ten hun- 
dred persons were taken captives or killed; a great plunder also. 

Donnagan, son of Cedfad, King of Ui-Ceinnselaigh ; [and] Cian, 
son of Cumas-cach, King of Ui-Bairrche-tire, died. 

[871.] In this year, the eighth 1 of the reign of Aedh Finnliath, the 
Leinster-men expelled one of their chieftains because they hated him, 
that is, they envied him in consequence of the many victories which 
he had gained over the Lochlanus, or else they regarded him as ille- 
gitimate, for he was of the Ciarraighi-Luachra as to his origin, or they 
hated him in consequence of his great pride. When therefore he 
could not be at the head of the chiefs of Leinster, he came with his 
followers in banishment to the King of Erin, and in consequence of 
the fame of his valour the King of Erin received him honourably, 
and gave him his daughter Eithne to wife. So great was the con- 
trol and the sway which he gained over the Lochlanns, that they 
durst not perform any servile work on Sundays. It was great news 

to 

here referred to was Maelciarain, son of (Ann. Ult. 868). He commanded the 
Eonan, whose obit has just heen given Leinster-men in their retreat from the 

2 B 



i86 

66 .... Ip ap cnuc -| ap popmaD po lonnapbpaD Caijin uaca 
pem e, i t>no ap a beic Dpfpuib TTluman. 

Udmi5 cpa lap pin 50 pocpaiDe leip i Cai^nib, jonofpna aipjne 
1 lonnpaDa iom6a, -\ loip^ce -| mapbca inncib. Ctcc cfna aca a 
ppdgbaluib naorh, nd bd6 peiD DO ci no paa6 a Caijnib amac ap 
lonnapba cuit)fcc ap ccula Do co^ao incib Do pi^ini na ba6 peiD, 
DO .... pfp pfp no corhlann 66, ace po gabaD Do ap gac aipD Do 
aib i Do ruagaib, ~] Do cloiDmib, 50 nDfpnpar mionra bfcca 6e, ) 
gup po bfnaD a cfnn De. l?o mapbaic Din a muimcip uile. Ru^aD 
a cfnn lappin DO cum na Loclann, ~| po cuippioDpaiDe pop cuaille 
e, i po gabpac peal popa a Diubapgan, -j po cuippioc 'p in Tnuip 
laprcain e. 

fCal. Suaiplfc IneiDnem, Gppcop -j anchoipe, -\ ab Cluana lop- 
aipD, opcimup Docrop pebjiomp cociup hibepnae, quieuic. 

^epan mac Oiocopca ab Saipe. 

OiapmuiD ab pfpna quieuic. 

Ouboacuile, ab leic TDocaomoj. 

TTIaoloDap eppcop -\ ancoipe, ab Daimmpj, quieuic. 

CumpuD, ab Oipipc Ciapain 6ealai Duin, eppcop ec pcpiba 
quieuiu. 

Com^an poca, ab Uamlacca, quieuic. 

Cobcac mac TTluipf6oi5, ab Cille Dapa, papienp ec Doccop, De 
quo Dicicup: 

Cobcac 

battle of Gill Ua nDaiglire the year before, left it as a curse on the family of Maguig- 

k Curses. pdgbala, i. e. things left gan, in Ulster, that there should never be 

fixed and immutable by the saints. St. a priest of the name ; which caused them 

Patrick left success of fish and curse of to change it to Goodwin. St. Ma left suc- 

drowning on several rivers ; for example, cess of fish and curse of drowning on the 

the curse of drowning on the Eiver Di- River Sileece, in Fermanagh, 
neen in Idough, &c. St. Columbkille ' Suairlech of Inedhnen. These obits 



to be related all the rents which they paid him .... It was out of 
envy and hatred the Leinster-men expelled him away from themselves, 
and because he was of the men of Munster. 

After this he came with an army into Leinster, and committed 
many plunders and depredations, many conflagrations and slaughters 
therein. But, however, it is among the curses k of the saints that it 
will not be safe for one banished out of Leinster to come back to 
make war therein again. This was the case with him .... They 
observed not the rights of men, or combat towards him, but they at- 
tacked him on every side with javelins, and axes, and swords, so that 
they hacked him into small pieces, and cut off his head. They also 
killed all his people. His head was afterwards brought to the Loch- 
lanns, who placed it on a pole, and continued for some time to shoot 
at it, and afterwards cast it into the sea. 

[870.] Kal. Suairlech of Inedhnen 1 , bishop and anchorite, and ab- 
bot of Cluain-Iraird [Clonard], the best doctor of religion in all Erin, 
quievit. 

Geran, son of Dicosc, Abbot of Saighir, quievit. 

Diarmaid, Abbot of Fearna [Ferns], quievit. 

Dubhdathuile, Abbot of Liath Mochaemhog, [quievit]. 

Maelodhar, bishop and anchorite, Abbot of Daimhinis [Devenish], 
quievit. 

Cumsudh, Abbot of Disert Chiarain of Bealach-duin [Castlekie- 
ran, in Meath], bishop and scribe, quievit. 

Comhgan Fota, Abbot of Tamhlacht, quievit. 

Cobhthach m , son of Muireadhach, Abbot of Cill-dara [Kildare], a 
sage and doctor [dorinivit], of whom is said: 

Cobhthach 

are given in the Ann. F. M. at 868, and m Cobhthach. " Princeps cille daro." 
in the An. Ult. at 869, but the true year Ann. Hit. 869. Comp. F. M., 868, where 
is 870. the following verses are also given. 

262 



i88 

Cobuac Cuippij; cuipfcai, 
Oarhna pi Lipe lfnnai : 
Duppan mac mop TT)uipf6ai<5 
baliac hua caoimpionn Ceallaij. 
Clere Cai^fn Ieini6e, 
Saoi plan pe^amn poclac, 
l?ecla puipfc pei6pie 
Comapba Conlair Cobcac. 

al, Gppcop Cille Dapa, quieuic. 

Ip in bliajainpi cdimg Qo6 mac Neill illainib, 50 mab t>o 
Diojal an oglaoic a oubpamup pomuinn, DO mapbab DO Laimb, no 
Dno 50 maD Do rrobac cfopa. 17o inpipcap Caijne o Qr cliar 50 
^abpan. Uainij Dno Cfpball mac Ounlain^, pi Oppai^e ~| Cen- 
neDij mac ^airin, pi Laoigpi Do'n leic oile DO Cai^nib, "| an meD 
po peDaDap eDip lop^ab "| ap^ain ) mapbaD Do ponpaccup, 50 
pangarcup Dun mbolj, i po ^abpac lon^popc annpain, .1. Cfpball 
-] Cenneng. 

Pa cionolpao Caijin mpcrain 'ma pij .1. ma rnuipfbac mac 
mbpain, ~] cib epiDe ba pi cpuaiD, copjpac, ^lic, uaip ap paDa po 
baoi pop lonnapba a n-Qlbam, ba aicmciDe Do cpuap ~| fnjnam, ~\ 
apfo po pmuampeaoap aca $up ab copa Doib Dol a ccfnn Caijpi 
"1 Oppai^e bacciip i nOun bol^ lonap Dola i jcfnn pi^ 'Gipfnn baoi 
05 bealac 5t>Pi n . "| t>ola Y in aiDce F on lon^popc. UfjcjaiD lapam 
Cai^m, "| a pi maille piu, 50 cpuaiD ponaipc na ccopua6 50 Dun 
mbolj, bail a pabaccup a narhaiD. 6opb a mec! Ip longnab an 



n Cuirrech. Now the Curragh of Kil- p Dunbolg. In the margin of the MS. 

dare. the scribe has written cogail buin bolg, 

The youth. viz. Maelciarain, son of " Destruction of Dunbolg." This was the 

Ilonan. See p. 1 84, n. *. name of a fort near Donard, in the county 



189 

Cobhthach of Cuirrech n of races, 
Heir apparent of the King of Liffe of tunics : 
Alas for the great son of Muireadhach, 
Ah ! grief: the descendant of the fair Ceallach. 
Chief of scholastic Leinster, 
A perfect, comely, prudent sage, 
A brilliant shining star, 
. Was Cobhthach, the successor of Connlath. 

Maenghal, Bishop of Cill-dara, died. 

Aedh, son of Niall, came into Leinster to avenge the youth whom 
we have mentioned before as killed by the Leinster-men, or indeed it 
was to levy rent. He plundered Leinster from Ath-cliath [Dublin] 
to Gabhran [Gowran]. On the other side of Leinster came Cear- 
bhall, son of Dunlang, King of Osraighe, and Cennedigh, son of 
Gaithin, King of Laeighis, and did all they could effect by burning, 
plundering, and killing until they arrived at Dun-Bolg p , where they 
encamped, i. e. Cearbhall and Cennedigh. 

The Leinster-men afterwards gathered round their king, i. e. round 
Muiredhach, son of Bran, who was a hardy, victorious, prudent king, 
for he was for a long time in exile in Alba [Scotland], where he dis- 
tinguished himself by his hardihood and bravery. And they thought 
among themselves that they should rather go against the men of 
Laeighis and Osraighe, who were at Dunbolg, than against the King 
of Erin, who was at Bealach Gabhrain q , and to enter their camp at 
night. The Leinster-men then proceeded, with hardihood and cou- 
rage, along with their king, arrayed in regular order, to Dunbolg, 
where their enemies were fierce and numerous ! Prodigious was 

their 

of "Wicklow. Ann. F.M. 868 ; Hit. 869. pass of Gowran, in the county of Kil- 
q Bealach Gabhrdin. i. e. the road or kenny. 



190 

Daonba, uaip po cuaceup Laigin i muinijjm Naoim 
50 pu^Daoip buaib ~] cop^up Do Oppaigib ~| Do Laoigip. Ro cuac- 
eup Dno Oppaije i Tnumgin Naoim Ciapdm Saigpe ma buaib i 
copgup ** ^F eic Do ^ ai 5nib. TCo baccap Caijm 50 t)focpa 05 acac 
Naoim bpigiDe, ^up po mapbbaoip a naimDe .... Ipeb epa can- 
gaecup Lai^m Don leir a paba mac ^aicim Don longpopc. Ni a 
n-im^abail bo pi^ne mac r fcamr} 9 act apna n-aai6 50 cpuaib peoc- 
aip rainig, amuil ba bep Do. Do ^nfchep cpa cacugaD cpuaiD 
cpoba lee pop lee ann pin. Qp cian po clop ^aip na ppfp 05 imipc 
Diocumaing poppa, -\ po^ap na pcoc nDeabca, -\ po ^ab an calarh 
cpiocnu^ab 50 nDfcaecup a n-fcpa6a ~| a n-iomainee i njealcacc, -j 
ba caipmfpg mop D'fngnarh na laoc pin, ace cfna an luce po bof 
Don cpluag i pcailpib cappaj, eanjaeeup anai^ib na n-iumdinci, 
50 po popaeeup mop Dfob. ba mop an muipn pin, -| ba mop a 
ppojup 'p in aei P uctpea. Imipin po baoi Cepball 05 efgapg a 
rhuinneipe, uaip ba eopac ofbci paip, i po paiD; ^ibeb 6 ecfopab 
na narhaiD cu^aib, na glupab nfc uaib ap a inaD caraipi, -j cong- 
baD pib 50 cpuaiD pip na naimDib. T?o cuaiDpiorh Cfpball "| poc- 
paiDe laip D^ionnpoijib rhic a pfeap .1. CenneDi j, po baof i n-eigfn 
mop eDip a naimDib, -] po eojuib a ^ue cpuaiD ap aipD, "] po baoi 
05 nfpeab a mumncipe a ccfnn Caien ("| pa cualaccup Cai^in 
pin) i Dno po baeeup an mumncip ga nfpeab pom. T?o fpb pa Dfp 
Da mumeip paipe DpopcoimeD Do. 17o Diubaip^ pf Laijm leieja 
poeapibe gup po mapb an Dapa pfp Dib .1. poloceac, pecnab Cille 
Daipe. Qp mop epa an eoipm ~| an poepom baoi fbuppa anuaip 
pin, -j pa cogaib baDb cfnn feuppa, -| baoi mapbab mop feuppa 
pan can. "Ro pcuicpioc epa Laijin on longpopc, "] po baeeup 05 

bpeie 

1 The clamour. bamop an muipn pin. " fiadhlh. This was the name of a sort 
See a similar expression used by the P. of fairy goddess of war, the Bellona of Irish 
M. at the year 1504, p. 1278. mythology. But the name was also given 



their number ! Wonderful was the human condition ! for the 
Leinster-men placed all their hope in St. Brighit that they should 
gain victory and triumph over the men of Osraighe and Laighis, 
and the men of Osraighe placed their hope in Ciaran of Saighir, 
for gaining triumph and victory over the Leinster-men. The Lein- 
ster-men fervently prayed to St. Brighit that they might kill their 

enemies The side of the camp to which the Leinster-men 

came was that in which the son of Gaithin was. The son of Gai- 
thin did not avoid them, but he opposed firmly and fiercely, as 
was his wont. A stubborn, fierce battle was fought there between 
them. Far were heard the cries of men suffering discomfiture, and 
the sound of the martial trumpets, and the earth shook, so that their 
horses and cattle ran terrified, which was a great hindrance to the 
valiant deeds of heroes. But, however, such of the host as were 
in the clefts of the rocks came down to the cattle and stopped many 
of them. Great was the clamour r , and great was the noise in the air 
over them. Therefore Cearbhall was instructing his people, for it 
was the beginning of the night, and he said : " Wherever the enemy 
come from us to you, let not one of you move from his place of bat- 
tle, and keep firmly to the enemy." Cearbhall went with a force to 
his sister's son, Cennedigh, who was in great jeopardy among his ene- 
mies, and he raised his firm voice aloud, and encouraged his people 
against the Leinster-men (and the Leinster-men heard it), and his 
people were encouraging him. He ordered two of his people to keep 
watch for him. The King of Leinster aimed a half javelin at them, 
and killed one of them, i. e. Folachtach, vice-abbot of Cill-dara. Great 
indeed was the din and tumult that prevailed between them at this 
time, and Badhbh 8 showed herself among them, and there was a great 

massacre 

to the Royston, or carrion crow; so that of prey began to appear on the field of bat- 
the meaning may, perhaps, be that birds tie, attracted by the dead bodies. 



bpeic a pi leo, -| 6 nap pet) an pi a pluaj; D'popcab na pappab po 
linj ap a eac -\ cainig anDiaij a rhumnpipe. Qp oeirhin linn gonab 
cpe miopbail naoim bpijoe "] Sein Ciapcnn po p^aoilpioc arhlam 
pin; i cia po mapbab paopclanna fcuppa, nf paba dp mop arm. Nf 
pa leij Cfpball na Cenneoij ba mumncip Ifnmuin Caijjfn ap paic- 
ciup. l?o mapbab 'p an ^ a T l na roapac Dpfm Do Laijnib po bac- 
rup pop pfcpdn. Uan^accup Cfpball "| Cennebi^ na ccau cfn- 
gailce copai^re cpe lap a narhat) 50 ^abpan, o'ionnpoiji6 pi 'Gipfnn 
.1. Cfoba pmnleir, (oeipbpiup Cfpbail a bfnpaibe, -j maraip an 
Cennet)i5 f) ~\ innipio DO pf 'Gipfnn arhail DO pala Doib .1. lonjpopc 
DO abail poppa ica. Do ponpaD compab caipipi, -\ po Dei^lipioD 
laprcdm. 

Pf Lai^fn nf hfb Do pi^ne ppfjpa mair Do cabaipc pop pf 'Gipfnn, 
acr ip cuirhniu^ab na nDfpnpaD pip Do pigne, ~\ ni capaD cfop no giall. 

Ip in bbabain pi DO ponpaD na pi Loclann popbaipi pop Spair 
CluaiDe i mbpearnaib; pe cerpe mfopaib 05 popbaipi Doib puippe, 
pa DCOI cpa lap ppoppac an locra po baoi innre Do opca ~\ D'IOC- 
aib, ap ccpa^ab 50 hion^naib an robaip po baoi aca ap mebon: po 
cuap poppa lapcram. Rugab cpa ap cup jac maiciup po buf 
innce. Ru^ab plo^ mop eipce i mbpaiD [Dupalcac pipbipigh po 
1643] iriauir: cpanpcpipcop ppimup. 
TDaon^al, ab bfnncaip, quieuic. 

Dubcac, 

* Srath-cluaide. This is the Irish name runt in fine .iiii. mensium arcem et preda- 

for Strathclyde in Scotland, but it is evi- verunt." Dublin MS. So also the Welsh 

dently a mistake for Ailech Cluathe, which Annals, e. g. the Annales Cambria?, A. D. 

was the old name of Dunbarton. This 870, " Arx Alt- Glut a gentilibus fracta 

entry is given in the Annals of Ulster est." Brut y Tywysogion, A. D. 870, 

at the year 869 [870] as follows : " Ob- ac y torret Kaer Alclut y gan y Pagan- 

sessio Ailech Cluathe, a Norddmannis, L e. yeit; "and Caer Alclut was demolished 

Amlaiph et Imhar duo reges Norddman- by the Pagans." 

norum obsederunt arcem ilium et distruxe- " Dulhaltach Firlisigh. The meaning 



193 

massacre between them to and fro. The Leinster-men slipped away 
from the camp, and were carrying off their king, and when the king 
could not stop his men from flying, he mounted his horse and followed 
after his people. We are certain that it was through a miracle of 
St. Brighit and the Old Ciaran that they separated in this manner ; 
for although nobles were slain between them, there was no great 
slaughter. Neither Qearbhall nor Cennedigh permitted their people 
to pursue the Leinster-men, through fear. On the next day some of 
the Leinster-men who had gone astray were slain. Cearbhall and 
Cennedigh came in a solid arrayed phalanx through the middle of 
their enemies to Gabhran [Gowran] to meet the King of Erin, i. e. 
Aedh Finnliath (the sister of Cearbhall was his wife, and she was the 
mother of Cennedigh), and they told the King of Erin what had hap- 
pened to them, i. e. how their camp had been entered, &c. They 
conversed affectionately, and then separated. 

The King of Leinster did not give the King of Erin a good an- 
swer, but reminded him of all they had done to him, and gave him 
neither tribute nor hostages. 

In this year the Lochlann King laid siege to Srath-cluaide* in 
Britain, and they continued the siege for four months ; at length, 
however, after having wasted the people who were in it by hunger 
and thirst, having wonderfully drawn off the well they had within, 
they entered [the fort] upon them. At first they carried off all the 
riches that were within it, and afterwards a great host of prisoners 
were brought into captivity. [Dubhaltach Firbisigh u wrote this, 
1 643] Inquit transcriptor primus. 

[871.] Kal. Maenghal x , Abbot of Beannchar [Ban gor], died. 

Dubhthach, 

is, that the note, " Dubhaltach Firbisigh from whose autograph the Brussels copy 
po pcpoib 1643," was made by Mac Fir- wasmade. See "Introd. Remarks, "pp. i, 2. 
bis's, the first transcriber of these Annals, x Maenghal. Ann. F.M 869 ; Ult. 870 ; 

aC 



194 

Oubrac, ab Gill QcaiD epipcopup, pcpiba er anchopica qmemr. 

Ctilill, eppcop i ab pobaip, quieuir. 

Cupm, ab Inpi Cloupann, paoi pfncupa 'Gipffi, quieuic. 

Gmlaoib ~\ Imap DO roibecc apf6pi a hdlbain 50- h-'Grcliar, 
1 bnaD mop bpfcan "| Qlban, ~] Sapcon leo, Da ceo long a 
lion. 

Uoail Ohum Sobaip^e, quoo ancea nunquam pacrum epc. 

Qilill mac Dunlainj, pi Caijfn ] Nopchmann inceppecrup epr. 

TTlaolmuab mac pmnacca pi Qipnp Cipe mopicup. plaicfrh 
mac paolcaip Do baoaD Do muinncip Ceirglmne. 

Inpfo Connacc la Cfpball ~| Ounca6, i ccopcaip buacail mac 
Dunabaig. Inpfo TTluman Dna la Cfpball Dap Cuacaip piap. 

Qrhlaoib Do Dol a h-'6ipinn i Coclainn DO 60506 ap Coclanoaib 
-] DO congnarh pa a acaip .1. S ?! 110 ' uai l 1 no ^oclannai^ ag cogab 
na cfnnpaiDe ap cciaccain 6 a acaip ap a cfnn, ~] apa ba paoa pa 
imym cuip a 605016 -\ apa laijfo rpemDfpsfp cusamn CID asainn 
no beir a piop, pa^bam 5an a pspibfnn, uaip acd dp n-obaip im 
neoc ap D''6pinn Do pcpibfnn, i CID n( iaDpai6e uile, uaip nf namd 
puilnsiD na h'Gpfnnai^ uilc na Loclann, ace puilngiD uilc iom6a 
uara pein. 

Ip in bliaDam pi .1. an DfcmaD bliaDain plara QoDa 
po inpepccap lomap mac ^ouppaiD, mic Ra5naill, mic 
Conun5, mic 5^FP ai ^' 1 TYlac an FP P a 6uai6 a h'Gipinn .1. Gm- 
laoib, 6ipe o lapcup 50 haipceap, -] 6 6ep5eapr 50 cuip5eaac. 

fal. 

but the true year is 871. * Family. i. e. the monks of Leighlin. 

* Cill-achaidh. Now Killeigh, a vil- b From Erin to Lochlann. There is no 

lage in the barony of Geashill, King's account of this in the published Annals. 

County. c The tenth. i. e. the year 873. This 

1 Amhlaeibh and Imhar. Ann. Ult., plundering is not noticed in the published 

A. D. 870 [871]. Annals. 



'95 

Dubhthach, Abbot of Cill-achaidh y , bishop, scribe, and anchorite, 
died. 

Ailell, Bishop and Abbot of Fobhar [Fore], died. 

Curui, Abbot of Inis Clothrann [in Loch Ribh], the most learned 
of all the Irish in history, died. 

Amhlaeibh and Imhar z , came again from Alba [Scotland], to 
Ath-cliath [Dublin], having a great number of prisoners, both British, 
Scottish, and Saxon. Two hundred ships was their number. 

The demolition of Dun-Sobhairce [Dunseverick], which was never 
done before. 

Ailell, son of Dunlang, King of Leinster and of the Norsemen, 
was slain. 

Maelmuadh, son of Finnachta, King of Airther-Liffe, died. Flai- 
themh, son of Faelchar, was drowned by the family a of Leithglinn. 

Connaught was plunderedjby Cearbhall and Dunchadh, on which 
occasion Buachail, son of Dunadhach, was slain. Munster was also 
plundered beyond Luachair westwards by Cearbhall. 

Amhlaeibh went from Erin to Lochlann b to wage war on the 
Lochlanns, and to aid his father Goffridh, for the Lochlanns had 
made war against him, his father having come for him ; but as it 
would be tedious to relate the cause of the war, and besides it apper- 
tains but little to us, though we have a knowledge of it, we forbear 
writing it, for our business is not to write whatever may belong to 
Erin, nor even all these ; for the Irish suffer evils, not only from 
the Lochlanns, but they also suffer many injuries from one ano- 
ther. 

[873.] In this year, the tenth of the reign of Aedh Finnliath, 
Imhar, son of Godfraidh, Conung, son of Godfraidh, and the son of 
the man who went away from Erin, i. e. Amhlaeibh, plundered all 
Erin from west to east, and from south to north. 

2 C 2 [872.] 



196 

f?al. ^ma ab Oairhliaj Cianain, epipcopup ec pcpiba ec ana- 
chopera, quieuic : 



Uaip <5 a Spian ap ccaomclainne. 
Cfnn cpabuib inpi 'Gmip 
Do ab napab naompainne, 
Comapba Cianain cqlig. 
Cein mdip parhab popcaibe 
Oia mba cfnn ceim ^an cina 
Oippan mmo mop 
'Qp capa caoirhpionn 



CfnnpaolaD Ua TTluicci^fpna, pf Caipil, -j comapba Cfilbe, 

pfpoorhnac ab Cluana mic Noip. 

Coingpioc mac poillen, ppmcepp Cille CXupaille, c. m. 

Robapcac Ofpmai^e, pcpiba mopirup. 

Op^ain pfp na crpf maije -| na j-Comant) 50 Sliab 6la6ma 
DO pfojaib 'fiall i pnfcca na pele bpfjoe. 

Ip in blia^am pi .1. unoecima anno pegm CCoba, pa raipping 
baipir, i t>na airre e Do rhac an p%, longa iom6a 6 rhuip piap 50 
Loc Ri leip, 50 po rhill ailena Coca Rf epDib, "| na pepanna com- 
pocpuibe, i TTlag luipj. Ip anpain po paop Oia comapba Coluim 
a larhaib na Coclann, -| map po cuaib ap a lamaib, an Dap leo ba 
coipre cloice 6. 



d Gnia. The death of this bishop and land of Emhir, Eber, or Heber, the cele- 

the succeeding obits are entered in the brated Milesian chieftain. 

Ann. F. M. at 870 ; Ann. TJlt. 871. The f Of Ailbhe.i. e. Bishop of Emly. 

verses on the death of Gnia are also quoted, g Three plains. This entry is given in 

with some variations of reading, by the the Ann. F. M. at 870 : where, see note. 

Four Masters. h The eleventh. i. e. the year 874. 

" Emhir's Island, i. e. Ireland, the is- ' Barith. There is no account of this 



[872.] Kal. Gnia d , Abbot of Daimhliag-Cianain [Duleek], bishop, 
scribe, and anchorite, died. 

For Gnia was the sun of our fair race, 

Head of the piety of Emhir's Island 6 , 

He celebrated the festivals of the saints, 

The successor of the wise Cianan. 

For a long time the bright congregation, 

Of which he was head, had dignity without obscurity. 

Alas ! for the great precious gem, 

Our fair, bright friend, Gnia. 

Cennfaeladh Ua Muichtigherna, King of Caisel, and successor of 
Ailbhe f [died]. 

Ferdomhnach, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois [died]. 

Loingsech, son of Foillen, chief [abbot] of Cill Ausaille [Kil- 
lossy], died. 

Robhartach, of Dearmhach [Durrow], a scribe, died. 

[872.] The plundering of the men of the Three Plains*, and of 
the Comanns as far as Sliabh Bliadhma [Slieve Bloom], by the Kings 
of the Galls in the snow of Bridgetmas. 

[873.] In this year, the eleventh 11 of the reign of Aedh, Barith', 
who was tutor to the King's son, drew many ships from the sea west- 
wards to Loch Bi k , and he plundered the islands of Loch Ri out of 
them, and the neighbouring lands, and also Magh Luirg 1 . On this 
occasion God saved the successor of Columb from the hands of the 
Lochlanns, arid when he escaped from their hands they thought that 

he was a pillar-stone. 

The 

Barith, or his expedition, in the published Ree, an expansion of the Shannon between 
Annals. Athlone and Lanesborough. 

k Loch Ri. Or Loch Eibh, now Lough l Magh Luirg Moylurg, i. e. the baro- 



198 

'65 pi Coclann, .1. 5ppaib, t)0 ceomaimm ^pana oponD, pic 
enim Oeo placuic. 

Imnfba bpfcan in hoc anno. 

Oeepc cipcicep ab anno 871 ao ann. 900. 

Inopfccac mac Oobailen, ab bfncaip quieuic. 

"Cpf ceo bliajain caba cuip 
O eicpiocc Comgaill bfncaip, 
^o pe po niaib puauap ngle. 
aipo oiponibe. 



TTIaolpoil, ppmcepp Spurpa ^uaipe, mopicup. 
pupaopan mac 5 a P^ ain > fecnab Cille acaib, mopirup. 
Cele mac lopruile, pecnab Qcaib bo Canni^, mopirup. 
plann mac Oorhnaill, pijbamna an cuaip^ipc, mopirup. 
Gccnfcan mac Odlaij, pi Cinel Conaill mopirup. 
Ciapmac hUa Ounabai^, pf 5 a ^P ae > mopicup. 
5iTi TTluipCbai^ mic Dorhnaill, pio^bamna Caijfn. 
Ciapobap mac Cpunnmaoil, pi nUa ppelmfba mopicup. 
TTlopp 5^ ai P ne mic Uipine, pf hUa TTlaccaile. Qp Do bap 
Giccnecain, lnt>pfccai, plainn. i Ciapmacam, an putpab : 

'6cc ap eicijj popaccaib 
Sluaga paijfp lap pfccaib 

TYlapo 

ny of Boyle, in the county of Roscommon. n A chasm. The words " Deest circi- 

m The King of the Lochlanm. The death ter," &c., are a note hy the transcriber in 

of this King is noticed in the Ann. F. M. at the margin of the MS. 

871, Ult. at 872 ; but no mention is made Indrechtach. These entries are given 

of the ugly disease. The Ulster Annals in the Ann. P. M. at 901 ; Ult. 905 ; but 

say : " Imhar Hex Normannorum totius the true year is 906. 

Hilernice et Britannia vitam finivit" p Ui-Felmedha. i. e. the barony of Bal- 

Dullin MS. laghkeen, in the county of "Wexford, now 



The King of the Lochlanns m died of an ugly, sudden disease, sic 
enim Deo placuit. 

Britain was much annoyed this year. 

A chasm n from about the year 871 [873] to the year 900. 

[906.] Kal. Indrechtach , son of Dobhailen, Abbot of Beannchar 
[Bangor], died. 

One in three hundred fair revolving years, 
From the death of Comhghall of Beanchar, 
To the period of the happy death 
Of the great illustrious Indrechtach. 

Maelpoil, chief [i. e. abbot] of Sruthair Guaire, died. 

Furadhran, son of Gabhran, Prior of Cill-achaidh, died. 

Ceile, son of Urthuile, Prior of Achadh bo Cainnigh [Agabo], 
died. 

Flann, son of Domhnall, royal heir of the North, died. 

Egnechan, son of Dalach, King of Cinel Conaill, died. 

Ciarmac Ua Dunadhaigh, King of [Ui Conaill] Gabhra, died. 

The killing of Muiredhach, son of Domhnall, royal heir of Lein- 
ster. 

Ciarodhar, son of Crunnmhael, King of Ui-Felmedha p , died. 

The death of Glaisin, son of Uisin, King of Ui-Maccaille q . It was 
of the death of Eignechan, Indrechtach, Flann, and Ciarmacan, was 
said : 

Death has left destitute' 

The hosts 8 who seek after precious gifts ; 

If 

called the Murchoos, or O'Murpliy's ted by the F. M. at A. D. 901, whose chro- 

country. nology is about five years antedated at this 

q Ui-Maccaitte.'Now Imokilly, Co. Cork, period. 

r Destitute. These verses are also quo- * The hosts. viz. the poets. 



2OO 



TTlapo clof Deri pf peicpec, 
TT16p liac Gccnec i n-eccaib. 
Gccnac ba Dobaing D'occaib 
"Rf ceiniuil Conaill cfcai, 
Oippan ^nuip cpeDbap miDeno 
PO ruinn fpenn lap n-eccaib. 
InDpfccac bfnocuip buiDnij;, 
Ciapmac ^abpa ^aipmpobpaij;, 
plann peabail pial ppi 
'Gccnec pil Conaill 



Ipce epc cjii^epimup annup pe^m plainn mic TTlaoilpeclomn. 

Qnni OoTnim DCCCC. Ra cionalab mopplua^ ppfp nauman lap 
in Dip ceona .1. la plaiubfpac, -| la Copmaic o'iappai6 bpcnjjio 
Caigfn i Oppaije, ~\ pa baeeup pip TTlurhan uile i n-aonlonjpoipr. 
Do pala plaicbeapcac ap a eoc ap puD ppaici 'pin lonjpopc: cop- 
caip a eac i gclaip noorham paoi, ] ba eel olc Dopom pain. Soc- 
uibe Da rhuinnp pen, ) Don rplua^ uile DO nap b'dil Dol an 
cpluajra ap a haiule pin; uaip ba eel Duaibpioc leo uile an rui- 
nmpi an Duine naoirii. Uansaccap cpa cfcca uaiple 6 Caignib, 6 
Chfpball mac rHuipfgain, D'lonnpoigiD Chopmaic ap cup, -\ pa lab- 

parcap 

e Thirtieth year. Flann succeeded in Mac Inmhainen, Abbot of Inis-Cathaigh, 

the year 879, and the year here intended now Scattery Island, in the Shannon, 

in 908. near the town of Kilrush. 

u A. D. DCCCC. This is a mistake for * Cormac. That is, Cormac MacCuile- 

BCCCCVIII. main, King of Munster and Bishop of 

* The same two. No reference is made Cashel. This battle is given by the P. M. 

to these two great ecclesiastics in any pre- at A. D. 903, and in the Ann. Tilt, at 907, 

yious part of these Annals, which shows but the true year was 908. The scribe 

that there is a chasm of some years here. writes in the margin of our MS. : " De 

^ Flaithlhertach. i. e. Flaithbhertach morte Cormaci filii Culennani, regis Mo- 



201 

If it has changed the colour of a potent king, 

Great grief that Eignech has died. 

Eignech, who was the sternest of youths, 

King of the populous Cinel Conaill, 

Alas ! that his face, shrivelled, colourless, is left 

Beneath the surface of the clay in death. 

Indreachtach of populous Beannchar, 

And Ciarmhae of Gabhra, of great fame, 

Flann Feabhail, generous, resolute against difficulty, 

Egnech of the race of Conall of goodly councils. 

[908.] This is the thirtieth year* of the reign of Flann, son of 
Maelsechlainn. 

[908.] A. D. DCCCC U . The great host of Munster was assem- 
bled by the same two*, i. e. by Flaithbhertach y and Cormac z , to de- 
mand the hostages of Leinster and Osraighe, and all the men of Mun- 
ster were in the same camp. Flaithbhertach went on horseback 
through the streets of the camp ; his horse fell under him into a deep 
trench, and this was an evil omen 8 to him. There were many of his own 
people, and of the whole host, who did not wish to go on the expedi- 
tion after this, for they all considered this fall of the holy man as an 
ominous presage. But noble ambassadors came from Leinster, from, 
Cearbhall, son of Muirigan, to Cormac first, and they delivered a 
message of peace from the Leinster-men, i. e. one peace to be in all 

Erin 

monice, Archiepiscopi Casseliensis et Mar- but by the Leinster-men. 
tyris" Dr. Hanmer says that Cormac was " An evil omen. Cel olc. The scribe 
killed by the Danes, but Dr. Keating, in glosses the word eel by pdipcine, in the 
his "History of Ireland," from the histo- margin. Dr. Lynch, in his translation of 
rical tract called Cath Belaigh Mughna, Keating' s "History of Ireland," translates 
i. e. the Battle of Ballaghmoon, states that it malum omen. See Ann. F. M., p. 566, 
King Cormac was not slain by the Danes, note. 

2 D 



2O2 

pacrap cfcraipfcc pfoba, im meiDe ao cfpp Do 6 Lai^nib, .1. aoin 
pibe DO beic i n-'6ipinn uile 50 bealrcnne ap a ccionn, uaip coic- 
njfpp D'pojrhap an canpain, a bpcnjoe Do cabaipc an fpldirh 
TTlaonai^, an Duine naoirh f^naiD cpaibbij;, i 6aoine eile cpaib- 
Deca; peoiD ~] maiciupa iom6o DO eabaipr DO plaiebeapcac ~| Do 
Chopmac. ba paibb 50 mop la Copmac an cpfbpn DO caipgpn 
DO, i cmnig lappm Da inmpn Do plairbeapcac, -\ pa innip DO- 
f aibe ariiail cugaD cuige 6 Laijnib. Qrhail po cuala plaicbeap- 
cac pn, po ^ab aDuar mop -| apeD po paib: pcnllfijib, ap pe, Do 
bfgmfnnamnaiDe, ~\ Dfpoile Do cineoil cpeoD, uaip mac comaiuig 
cu ; i pa paib bpiacpa iom6a peapba rapcaplaca ap paoa pe 
n-mmpin. 

Ctp e ppfgpa cuj Copmac paippiom : dp Derhin Ifmpa Dno, ap 
Copmac, an nf biap De pin .1. cau Do cup, a Dmne naoim, ap Cop- 
mac, i biapa po rhalaccam De, -j ap Doca bap Dpa^ail Dinr. Ctgup 
6 Dubaipc pin, cainij Da puball pein, ~\ pe ruippioc Dobponac, "] 6 po 
puiD po ^ab pfocal uball ru^aD 66, ~\ po baoi ^a ppobail Da muinn- 
rip, i apeb po paib: G muinriuip lonmain, ap pe, nf riobnacaib-pi 
ubla Duib on uaippi amac 50 bpar. QnDeb a rieapna lonmuin 
calmanDa, ap a mmnncip, cib 'ma nDfpnaip bpon ~\ Duba Duinn ? Ip 
mime Do ^nf miocelmume buinn. Clpeb Dno po pdiDpiom; cib on, 
*a mumncip lonmuin, ca nf oubpioc po pdibiap ? Uaip bfg a n-iong- 
nab gen 50 ccugainnpi ubla Duib ap mo laim pein ; uaip biaib nfc 
ei^in uaibpi um pappab ciobnaicpfp ubla buib. Ro opDai^ pop- 
aipeb lapccam. T?o jaipmfb cui^e annpm anDuine naorhca, cpaib- 
bfc fgnaib (TDaonac mac Siabail), apDcomapba Comgaill, "j DO 

pijne 

b Seds. i. e. jewels, precious stones. lation of Keating, improves the style 

c Apples. Keating has the same artless thus: "Nunquam posthac (inquit) quid- 

words, but Dr. Lynch, in his Latin trans- quam inter vos, charissimi, distri- 



203 

Erin until May following (it being then the second week in Autumn), 
and to give hostages into the keeping of Maenach, a holy, wise, and 
pious man, and of other pious men, and to give seds b and much pro- 
perty to Cormac and Flaithbhertach. Cormac was much rejoiced at 
being offered this peace, and he afterwards came to tell it to Flaith- 
bhertach, and how it was brought to him from Leinster. When Flaith- 
bhertach heard this, he was greatly horrified, and said : " This shows," 
said he, " the littleness of thy mind, and the feebleness of thy nature, 
for thou art the son of a plebeian ;" and he said many other bitter, in- 
sulting words, which it would be tedious to repeat. 

The answer which Cormac made him was : " I am certain," said 
Cormac, " of what the result of this will be; a battle will be fought, 
holy man," said he, " and Cormac shall be under a curse for it," and 
it is likely that it will be the cause of death to thee." And when he 
said this, he came to his own tent, being afflicted and sorrowful, and 
when he sat down he took a basinful of apples which was brought 
him, and he proceeded to divide them among his people, and he said: 
" Beloved people," said he, " I shall never present you with apples 
from this hour henceforth." " Is it so, dear earthly lord," said his 
people ; " why dost thou exhibit sorrow and melancholy to us ? It 
is often thou hast boded evil for us." " It is what I say; but, beloved 
people, what ominous thing have we said, for it is no great wonder- 
that I should not distribute apples among you with my own hand, 
for there shall be some one of you in my place who will present you 
with apples" . He afterwards ordered a watch to be set, and he called 
to him the holy, pious, and wise man (Maenach d , son of Siadhal), 
the chief Comharba of Comhghall, and he made his confession and his 

will 

buam." of Kildare, which was one of the monas- 

d Maenach He was abbot of Disert- teries founded by Diarmaid, coarb of St. 
Diarmada, now Castledermot in the county Comgall, of Bangor. 

2 Da 



2O4 

pijne a paoipiDin ~| a ciomna na piabnaipi, "] po caic Copp Cpfopc 
ap a lairh, -| DO paD laiiii pip an paoal 'na piabnupe in TT]aonai, 
uaip po picip 50 maippice 'pn cc *c e, ace nfop bail DO pocuibe Da 
piop paip. 17o baoi Dno ja paba a copp DO bpeic 50 Cluam uarha 
Da mbeic a ppoipbe, muna beic Dno, a bpeic 50 pelic DiapmaDa 
mic Ctoba Rom, bail i paba 05 pojluim 50 paoa. 6a lanpamr leip 
imuppo a abnacal i cCluain Uarha 05 mac Cenin. 6a pepp irnuppo 
la niaonac a aDnacal ip in Oipiopc Oiapmaoa; uaip ba baile la 
Cornwall Dipiopc DiapmaDa, q pa CoTnapba Corhjaill TDaonac. 
Qp e ap fjnaibe po baoi na aimpip, .1. ITlaonac mac Siabail, -) ba 
mop pa paorpaij an ran pa 05 Denam pfoba eiDip Caijniu ~\ piopa 
TTlurhan Da ppeDab. T?o imn^fccap pocoibe DO plua^ niuman 50 
nfrhcumDai^re. Po baoi Dno glop mop -] pepran i longpopc ppfp 
murhan an can pa, uaip cualaDap plann mac TTlaoilpeacloinn Do 
beic i lon^popc Caijfn 50 ploj mop Do coip -\ pop eoc. 

C(p an pin po paib ITlaonac : Q DajjDoine TTlurhan, ap po, ba coip 
buib na bpaijDe maice capgup Duib DO ^abail i nfplairh baoine 
cpaibbfc 50 beallcome, .1. mac Cfpbaill pij Caijfn, ~| mac pig 
Oppai^e. Pa baccup pip TTluman uile 561 paba $up ob 6 plaic- 
beapcac mac lonmamen, a aonap, po coimesnijj iao im coibfcc i 



Q haicle an jfpain moip Do ponpac ran^aDap cap Sliab 
TTIaipje imap 50 Opoicfo Leicjlinne. T?o caipip imuppo "Ciob- 

paiDe, 

e Cluain Uamha. Now Cloyne, in the mada, now Castle Dermot, which he de- 

county of Cork, of which Si Colman Mac dicated to St. Comgall of Bangor about 

Leinine was the founder and patron. A. D. 800. He died A. D. 824 (Ann. Ult). 

'Diarmaid. i. e. to the cemetery of the The Maenach here referred to was the suc- 

church of Diarmaid. This Diarmaid was cessor of Diarmaid rather than the suc- 

grandson of Aedh Eoin, King of Uladh, cessor of St. Comgall, who does not appear 

and founded the Church of Disert Diar- to have ever been at the place. 



205 

will in his presence, and he took the body of Christ from his hand, 
and he resigned the world in the presence of Maenach, for he knew 
that he would be killed in the battle. But he did not wish that many 
should know this of him. He also ordered that his body should be 
brought to Cluain Uamha e , if convenient; but if not, to convey it to the 
cemetery of Diarmaid', son [read, grandson] of Aedh Roin, where he 
had studied for a long time. He was very desirous, however, of being 
interred at Cluain Uamha of Mac Lenin. Maenach, however, was 
better pleased to have him interred at Disert-Diarmada, for Disert 
Diarmada was one of Comhghall's towns g , and Maenach was succes- 
sor of Comhghal. This Maenach, son of Siadhail, was the wisest man 
in his time, and he exerted himself much at this time to make peace 
(if he could), betw.een the men of Leinster and Munster. Many of 
the forces of Munster went away without restraint. There was great 
noise and dissension in the camp of the men of Munster at this time, 
for they had heard that Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, was in the camp 
of the Leinster-men with great forces of foot and horse. 

It was then Maenach said: " Good men of Munster," said he, "ye 
ought to accept of the good hostages I have offered you to be placed in 
the custody of pious men till May next; namely, the son of Cearbhall, 
King of Leinster, and the son of the King of Osraighe." All the men 
of Munster were saying that it was Flaithbhertach, son of lonmainen, 
alone, that compelled them to go into Leinster. 

After this great complaint which they made, they came over Sliabh 
Mairge b from the west to Leithghlinn Bridge. But Tibraide, succes- 
sor of Ailbhe [of Emly], and many of the clergy along with him, tar- 

ried 

Towns. i. e. monasteries. See Dr. rony forming the south-east portion of the 

Todd's Book of Hymns, p. 136. Queen's County, but the original Sliabh 

h Sliabh Mairge. This name is still Mairge extended so far into the county of 

preserved in that of Slievemarague, a ba- Kilkenny as to embrace the old church of 



206 

paiDe, camapba Qilbe, "\ pochaibe Do cleipcib ime i Leicjjlmn, ~j 
^)iHaba an cploi, -] a ccapoill loin illeicjlinn. T?o penniD lap 
pin pcuic i caipmfpca 05 pfpaib TTlurhan -] can^accup pfmpa 50 
TTlaj; n-Gilbe. l?o baccup imuppo -j a nopuim pa coille noain^m 
05 lopnaibe na narhaD. Do ponpac pip nflurhan cpf caea commopa 
coimmeiDe bfob: plaiebeapcac mac lonmainen, ~] Ceallac mac 
Cfpbaill pi Oppai^e pep in ceo cac; Copmac mac Cuilfnain pi 
TTlurhan pe car vnfooin TTluman. Copmac mac TTlocla pi na 
nOeipi, ] pi Ciappai^e "] pij ciniub eile iom6a, laprap murhan if 
in cpfpp car. Uan^arcup laparh amlaiD pin ap TTlaj; n-Qilbe. 
6a jfpanac lao ap lomao a namao, -\ ap a n-uaicfcc pem. Qpe6 
innipio eolui^ .1. an luce po baoi fcuppa 50 pabaoap Laijin co n-a 
pocpaioib cpi cuopuma no ceirpe cuopumo, no apliu pe pfpaib 
TTlurhan DO cum an cara. ba cpua^ mop annuall po baoi ip in car, 
amail impio ealuij .1. an luce po baoi ipin car .1. nuall an oapa 
pluai ^a mapbab, ] nuall an cploijj eile 05 comrhaoibim an 
mapbra pin. Da cuip imuppo po lompolaing mamm obann ap 
pfpaib TTluman .1. Celfcaip, bparaip Cmgegain, Do leim 50 hobann 
ap a eac, -\ map DO ling ap a eac apeb paib: Cf paopclanna TTlu- 
man, ap pe, ceiciD 50 hobann on car abuarmap po, ~\ leigfb eioip 
na cleipcib pem na po jabpaD comnaibe eile ace cac Do cabaipc; 
1 po ceic lapccam 50 hobann, ~\ pochaibe mop maille pip. Cfjap 
Dno par eile an mabma : Ceallac mac Cfpbaill, map ac connaipc- 
pibe an cac i pabaccup maice mumncipe jii^ 'Gipfnn 05 cuap^am 

a caca 

Teach Scoithin, now Tiscoffin. is situated in the south of the county of 

1 MagTi-Ailbe This was the name of a Kildare, and about two miles and a half 

large plain in the south of the county of to the north of the town of Carlow. The 

Kildare. Bealach Mughna, where this bat- site of the battle is still shown, and the 

tie was fought, still preserves that name, stone on which King Cormac's head was 

in the anglicized form Ballaghmoon. It cut off by a common soldier is not yet for- 



207 

ried at Leithghlinn, and also the servants of the army and the horses 
that carried the provisions. After this, trumpets were blown and 
signals for battle were given by the men of Munster, and they came 
before them to Magh-Ailbhe 1 . Here they remained with their back 
to a fast wood, awaiting their enemies. The men of Munster divided 
themselves into three equally large battalions : Flaithbhertach, son 
of Inmainen, and Ceallach, son of Cearbhall, King of Osraighe, over 
the first division k ; Cormac, son of Cuilenan, King of Munster, over 
the middle division ; Cormac, son of Mothla, King of the Deisi, and 
the King of Ciarraighe, and the kings of many other septs of West 
Munster, over the third division. They afterwards came in this order 
on Magh Ailbhe. They were querulous on account of the numbers 
of the enemy and their own fewness. The learned, i. e. [the scho- 
lars] that were among them, state that the Leinster-men and their 
forces amounted to three times or four times the number of the men 
of Munster, or more. Unsteady was the order in which the men of 
Munster came to the battle. Very pitiful was the wailing which was 
in the battle, as the learned who were in. the battle relate, i. e. the 
shrieks of the one host in the act of being slaughtered, and the 
shouts of the other host exulting over that slaughter. There were 
two causes for which the men of Munster suffered so sudden a defeat, 
i. e. Ceilechar, the brother of Cingegan, suddenly mounted his horse, 
and said : " Nobles of Munster," said he, " fly suddenly from this abo- 
minable battle, and leave it between the clergy themselves, who could 
not be quiet without coming to battle." And he suddenly fled after- 
wards, accompanied with great hosts. The other cause of the defeat 
was : when Cealach, son of Cearbhall, saw the battalion in which were 

the 

gotten by tradition. the Cath Bealaigh MugJina. It is very 

k Division. This agrees with the ac- probable that both accounts have been epi- 
count of this battle given by Keating from tomized from the same original work. 



208 

a caret pen, po ling ap a eac -j po ]iai6 pe a rhuinncip pein; Gip- 
516 ap bap n-fcaib, "| lonnapbafb uaib an luce puil in bap n-aiib, 
-] ge aDpubaipcpim pin, ni DO cacugab abunab aDubaipc, ace ap 
DO ceicfm ; ace cpa po pap Do na cauipib pin, ceicfb i nainfcc DO 
na cataib TTluirhnfcaib. Uc cpa, ba cpuaij -] ba mop an c-ctp ap 
puD TTlai^e Qilbe lapccam. Ni coigilcea cleipfc pfc laoc ann pin. 
6a coimmeD pa mapb Daoip, "] po Dicfnoaoip; an can pa hainccea 
laoc no cleipec ann, ni ap cpocaipe Do nfcea, ace painc Da impu- 
lan$ D'pagbail puaplai^re uaDaib, no Da mbpeie a^ po^nam Doib. 
Uepna epa Copmac an pi accopac an ceD caca. dec po linj a 
eac i cclaip, "] pa cuiepiorh Don eoc : 6po concaceup Dpfm l>'a 
riiumncip pin, "\ piao a maibm, cangarcup D'lonnpoijib an pi, i pa 
cuipfceap ap a eac e. Qp ann pin aD connaipcpiorh Dalcu bo pen, 
paopclanDa D'Go^anacc e, Qob a amm, paoi eajna "] bpeirfrh- 
nac'ca "] pfncapa e, "| laiDne; apeD po pciiD an pf ppip: Cl rheic lon- 
rhamn, ap pe, na Ifn Diom-pa, Qcc noD beip ap arhail ap pepp coc- 
niocpa. 17o innipiupa buic-pi periie po 50 muippibe mipi 'p in cac 
po. Ro caipip uaiccfb i ppappab Chopmaic, -] cdimc perhe ap a 
puD na plijfb, i ba hiomba puil Daoine ] eac ap puD na plifb 
pin. Sciclic Dno coppa Deipeb a eicpiorh ap an plijpb plearham, 
i pliocc na pola pin, cuicib an ceac ap a haip piap, -| bpipfb a 
bpuim "i a mumel ap bo, -| po paib ag cuicim : In manup cuap, 
Oomme, commenDo ppipicum meum ; -) paoibib a ppiopaD, ~| 
iD na meic mallaccan eccpaibbfca, -j gabaio gaae Da colainn, 
jaDaiD a cfnn Da colainn. 



1 Spared. Keating has nearly the same fani homines promiscua internecione mac- 

words, which Dr. Lynch has improved tabantur, nulla ordinis aut dignitatis ha- 

upon in his Latin translation, quoted in a bita ratione." C? Donovan's Four Mas- 

note to the Annals of the F. M., A. D. 903. ters, vol. i., p. 568, note. 

" Siquidem in illo conflictu, sacri et pro- m His head. The F. M. state that it was 



209 

the chieftains of the people of the King of Erin cutting down his own 
battalion, he mounted his horse, and said to his own people : " Mount 
your horses, and drive the enemy before you." And though he said 
this, it was not to fight really he said so, but to fly. But, however, it 
resulted from these causes that the Munster battalions fled together. 
Alas ! pitiful and great was the slaughter throughout Magh-Ailbhe 
afterwards. A cleric was not more spared 1 than a layman there; they 
were equally killed. When a layman or a clergyman was spared, it 
was not out of mercy it was done, but out of covetousness to obtain 
a ransom for them, or to bring them into servitude. King Cormac, 
however, escaped in the van of the first battalion, but his horse fell 
into a trench, and he fell off the horse. When a party of his people 
who were flying perceived this, they came to the king and put him 
up on his horse again. It was then he saw a foster-son of his 
own, a noble of the Eoghanachts, by name Aedh, who was an adept 
in wisdom and jurisprudence, and history, and Latin, and the king 
said to him : " Beloved son," said he, " do not follow me, but escape 
as well as thou canst. I told thee before now, that I should fall in 
this battle." A few remained along with Cormac, and he came for- 
ward along the way on horseback, and the way was besmeared 
throughout with much blood of men and horses. The hind feet of 
his horse slipped on the slippery way in the track of blood, and the 
horse fell backwards, and broke his [Cormac's] back and neck in 
twain, and he said, when falling, "In manus tuas, Domine, com- 
mendo spiritum meum," and he gave up the ghost ; and the impious 
sons of malediction came and thrust darts through his body, and cut 
off his head m . 

Though 

Fiach TJa Ugfadain, of Denlis, that cut off unknown to tradition, and the identifica- 
King Cormac's head, but the name of the tion of them has hitherto escaped the ken 
place, as well as that of the family, is of our topographical investigators. 



210 



baiomDa an mapbaD ap Triai^ Qilbe, pa bepba a naip, nfp 
bo pairfc cpoibacc Laigfn De pin, jup po Ifnpac an maibm cap 
Sliab TTlaip^e piap, -\ po mapbpac paopclanna lomba Don Ifnrham 
fin. 

1 ppopropac an caca po ceooip po mapbab Cealtac mac Cfp- 
baill, pi Oppai^e, "| a rhac. Qp pgaoilceac imuppo po mapbaio 
6 pin amac enp laoc ~\ cleipeac : ap mop DO cleipcib maice po 
mapbaD ipm car po, i ap mop DO pfojjaib, ~j Da caoipiocuib. l?o 
mapbaD ann pogapcac mac Suibne, in puf peallpombacca -j Diab- 
acca, pi Ciappaije, "] Qilill mac Gogam, an caipDfgnaiD occ i an 
c-apDpaopclann, "] Colman, ab Cinneci^, dpD ollam bpeicfmnacca 
Gipfnn, i pocuiDe ap cfna, quop lonjum epc pcpibepe. 

Na laoic imuppo, Copmac pf na nOeipi, Oubajan, pi ppTp 
maije, Cfnnpaolab, pf hUa Conaill, Conn Dap -] Qineplip D'Uib 
UaipDealbaig, i Gibean pi Qibne, po baoi ap lonnapbab a TYlu- 
rhain, ITlaolmuab, TTlaDuDan, OubDabaipfnn, Congal, Carapnac, 
pfpabac, Qob, pi hUa dacain, ~\ Domnall pi Ouin Ceapmna. 

Qp iaD Dno pa bpip an car po .1. plann mac TTlaoilpecloinn, 
Pi^ 'Gipfnn, ~\ Cfpball mac TTluipfgan pf Cai^fn, ~| Uabg mac 
paolain pf hUa ^Cionnpiola^, Uemenan, pi hUa nDfj;a, Ceallac 
1 Copcan Da pi peap Cualann, InDeip^e mac Ouib^iolla, pf hUa 

n-Opona 

n Many good clergymen. This seems to copal dignity would appear to have en- 

imply that the clergy were wont to go couraged the continuance of this custom 

on military expeditions so late as 908. to the time of Connac Mac Cullenan, 

Fothadh na Canoine had induced the mo- though, perhaps, not in the northern parts 

narch Aedh Oirdnighe (A. D. 804) to re- of Ireland, where the influence of the law 

lease the clergy from this barbarous duty, of Adamnan and Fothadh prevailed at this 

and Adamnan had made greater exertions, time. 

to the same effect, about a century earlier. Cenn-Etigh. Now Kinnitty in the 

But the union of the kingly with the epis- King's County. 



211 

Though extensive was the slaughter on Magh Ailbhe, to the East 
of the Bearbha [Barrow], the prowess of the Leinster-men was not 
satiated with it, but they followed up the route west across Sliabh 
Mairge, and slew many noblemen in that pursuit. 

In the very beginning of the battle, Ceallach, son of Cearbhall, 
King of Osraighe, and his son, were killed at once. Dispersedly, how- 
ever, others were killed from that out, both laity and clergy. There 
were many good clergymen 11 killed in this battle, as were also many 
kings and chieftains. In it was slain Fogartach, son of Suibhne, an 
adept in philosophy and divinity, King of Ciarraighe [Kerry], and 
Ailell, son of Eoghan, the distinguished young sage, and the high- 
born nobleman, and Colman, Abbot of Cenn-Etigh, Chief Ollamh of 
the judicature of Erin, and hosts of others also, of whom it would be 
tedious to write. 

But the laymen were, Cormac, King of the Deisi, Dubhagan, King 
of Fera-Maighe [Fermoy], Cennfaeladh, King of of Ui-Conaill [Con- 
nilloe], Conodhar and Aneslis, of the Ui-Toirdhealbhaigh p , and 
Eidhen, King of Aidhne q , who was in exile in Munster; Maelmuadh, 
Madudan, Dubhdabhoirenn, Congal, Catharnach, Feradhach ; Aedh, 
King of Ui-Liathain r , arid Domhnall, King of Dun-Cearmna 8 . 

But the persons who gained this battle were Flann, son of Mael- 
seachlainn, King of Erin; and Cearbhall, son of Muirigen, King of 
Leinster; and Tadhg, son of Faelan,King of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh; Temhe- 

nan, 

p Ui-Toirdheallhaigh. A tribe seated famous family of O'Heyne. 
in the S. E. of the county of Clare, near r Ui-Liathain. A tribe and territory 

Killaloe. nearly coextensive with the barony of 

q Aidhne. A territory coextensive with Barrymore, county of Cork, 
the diocese of Kilmaeduagh, in the S. "W. " Dun- Cearmna. The ancient name of 

of the county of Galway. The Eidhen a fort situated on the Old Head of Kinsale, 

here mentioned was the progenitor of the county of Cork. 

2E 2 



212 



n-D ponce, policeman mac Oilella pi porapea pea, Uuaral mac 
Ujaipe pf hUa Tnuipfbai, U^pan mac CinneDi, pi Laoipi, 
TTlaolcallann mac pfpjaile, pf na ppopuuar, Cleipcen pi hUa 
mbaipce. Udirns lapran plann, pi 'Gipfnn, mapcplua mop piojba, 
gup po io6naic DiapmaiD mac Cfpbaill i pije Oppaie. 

Qpp ann pin cangacrap Dpfm a n-aiib plainn, -j cfnn Cop- 
maic an l?f aca : apeD po paibpioD pe plann: " bfra -\ plainre, a 
Rf cumaccai copspai^, -\ cfnn Copmaic a^ain DUIC; -| amail ap 
bep Do na pfoaib, rojaib bo fliapao, -\ cuip an cfnn po poire, i 
popDinj e DOD pliapait). Qp olc, imuppo, abpubaipr plann piu- 
piom, nf buibfcap Do pao 66ib. TTlop an gnforh, ap pe, a cfnn Do 
JOID Don Gppcop naom, a onoip imuppo, apeD Do enpa, -| nf a 
poipDinj. T?a ^ab plann an cfnn 'na lairh, ~\ po pog e, ) Do paD 
na uimcioll po cpf an cfnn coippeaca, [an naoim eppcoip], -j in 
pfopmaipcfpec. RugaD uaD lapccain an cfnn 50 honopac Dionn- 
poijm an cuipp, bail a paba TTlaonac mac SiaDail, comapba Com- 

jaill, 

1 Ui Deaghaidh. A territory in the N. the neighbouring districts. 

W. of the county of "Wexford, nearly coex- c Ui BaircJie. A territory comprising 

tensive with the present barony of Gorey. the present barony of Slievemarague in 

u Feara-Cualann. A territory in the the S. E. of the Queen's County, and some 

north of the county of "Vficklow. of the adjoining districts of the county of 

1 Ui-Drona Now Idrone, county of Carlow. 

Carlow. d With thy thigh. Keating has : "Here 

y Fotharta-Fea. Now the barony of is the head of Cormac, King of Munster, 

Forth, county of Carlow. for thee, sit upon it, as is the custom of 

1 Ui-Muireadhaigh. A territory com- [conquering] kings ; but the monarch, far 

prising the southern half of the present from complying with their request, repri- 

county of Kildare. manded them, and said that it was very 

* Laeighis. Now Leix, in the Queen's wicked to have cut off the head of the 

County. holy bishop; and he refused to treat it 

b Fortuatha. A territory in the county with any indignity. He took up the head 

of "Wicklow, comprising Glendalough and in his hand, kissed it, and passed it thrice 



213 

nan, King of Ui-Deaghaidh*; Ceallach and Lorcan, two Kings of 
Feara-Cualann u ; Inneirghe, son of Duibhgilla, King of Ui-Drona x ; 
Follamhan, son of Oilell, King of Fotharta-Fea y ; Tuathal, son of 
Ugaire, King of Ui Muireadhaigh 2 ; Ughran, son of Cennedigh, King 
of Laeighis 3 ; Maelchallann, son of Ferghal, King of the Fortuatha b ; 
Clercen, King of Ui-Bairche c . 

Flann, King of Erin, came with a numerous royal body of horse, 
and he escorted Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, into the kingdom of 
Osraighe. 

Then a party came up to Flann, having the head of Cormac with 
them, and what they said to Flann was : " Life and health, power- 
ful, victorious king ! We have the head of Cormac for thee, and, as 
is customary with kings, raise thy thigh, and put this head under 
it, and press it with thy thigh" d . Flann, however, spoke angrily to 
them instead of giving them thanks. " It was an enormous act," said 

C_J < ' 7 

he, " to have taken off the head of the holy bishop ; but, however, I 
shall honour it instead of crushing it." Flann took the head into 
his hand, and kissed it, and had carried round him thrice the conse- 
crated head [of the holy bishop], and of the true martyr. The head 

was 

around him in token of respect and vene- tione rex excepit, nee solum sacrum caput 

ration." Dr. Lynch, in his Latin Trans- tarn contumeliose tractare renuit, verum 

lation of Keating' s History, improves the etiam in percussores acriter invectus quod 

style thus : " Invictissime Rex simul et sacrato episcopo violentas manus afferre 

felicissime, En regis in prselio coesi caput ausi fuerint. Deinde caput ipsum reve- 

ad tuos pedes projicimus, ei tu inside et renter exceptum osculatus tribus sibi vi- 

tota corporis mole innitere, (superioribus cibus circumdatum honore debito prose- 

enim Hibernise regibus solemne fuit hos- cutus, Mainacho Siadhulli filio, Comgelli 

tici regis in prselio csesi caput femori sup- successori deferendum dedit, qui caput 

positum duriori sessione premere). Itane una cum trunco corpore justis pro digni- 

orationem et munus non gratulatione ali- tate rite persolutis, Deserti Diermodi hu- 

qua, sed acerbissima deferentium increpa- mari curavit." 



214 

i pu^paibe copp Copmaic 50 Oipiopc Oiapmara, -\ po 
[habnaiceab 50] honopac ann pinn e, bail a nDenann pfpra -j 
miopbaille. 

Cia rpa nac cij cpiDe -\ noc ci an in gnfom moppa, .1. mapbab 
-j cfpcab (D'apmaib aDercibib) an Duine naoim ap mo fngnam 
cainig "i nocpa Dpfpcnb 'Gipfnn 50 bpar Saoi na J) aoi ^5 e > 1 na 
Camne, an c-ainoeppcop lancpaibbfc, lain-foban, miopbuloa, m- 
jfnup, -| in-fpnai^re, an paoi pfcrapbacca, -| ^ac fgna, $ac pfppa, -| 
gac eolaip, paoi pilioacca ] pojluma, cfnn Depeipce, -\ jac pualca, 
-] paoi poipcfoail, aipopi t>a coi^fo TTluTnan uile pe pe. 

Ro iompa cpa plann, "Rf 'Gipfnn ap ppagbail Oiapmaoa i pi^e 
Oppaie, ap ap noenam pioba acoriiaip fcuppa -\ a bpairpe. Pa 
lompacrap ono Laijin 50 mbuaib -j cop^up. 

"Caimg Cfpball mac TTluipfgan, pi Lai^fn, perhe 50 Gill Dapa, 
-] bufbne mopa i nfp^abail ai^e, "] plaicbepcac mac lonmainen 
frcoppapaiDe. Na n-fpbailc apoile pcoluije Cai^nfc o'uilc pa 
plairbeaprac, ap nap pe a innpin, -j m coip a pcpibfnn. 

Uu^aiD lapccain plairbeaprac 50 Gill Dapa, -j cupgao cleipij 
Laijfn aucopan mop Do; uaip po pfoacrup gup ob e a aonap pa 
nfpc an pluai^fo, -\ gup ap a n-ai^iD a coile cdinig Copmaic. Qp 
n-ecc imuppo Cfpbaill, pi Caijfn pa leiccfo plaicbeaprac app, -j 
50 ma6 i ccionn 6lia6na pin lap ppaipinn. Ro lobnaic TTluipfnn 
comapba bpij;t)e e, -] plua mop cleipfc uimpe "j miont>a iom6a, 
50 painig 50 TTla^ Naipb; ~\ 6 paimj mumam Do pome pib innce. 

tta 

e Improper to le written. The author ^Muirenn, successor of Brighit. i. e. 

of these calumnies (here spoken of as "a abbess of Kildare. She died A. D. 91 7. 

certain scholar of Leinster"), as well as Ann. Ult. 

the unmentionable crimes themselves, at- e Magh JVairbh. This was the name of 

tributed to the royal abbot of Inis-Cath- a plain in the barony of Crannagh, county 

aigh, are unknown. of Kilkenny. See Ann. F. M., p. 856. 



21 5 

was afterwards carried away from him honourably to the body, where 
Maenach, son of Siadhal, Comharba of Comhghall, was, and he carried 
the body of Cormac to Disert-Diarmada [Castledermot], where it was 
honourably interred, and where it performs signs and miracles. 

Why should not the heart repine and the mind sicken at this 
enormous deed, the killing and the mangling, with horrid arms, of 
this holy rnan, the most learned of all who came or will come of the 
men of Erin for ever? The complete master of Gaedhlic, and Latin, 
the archbishop, most pious, most pure, miraculous in chastity and 
prayer, a proficient in law, in every wisdom, knowledge, and science; 
a paragon of poetry and learning, head of charity and every virtue, 
and head of education ; supreme king of the two provinces of Mun- 
ster in his time. 

Flann, King of Erin, returned home, after having left Diarmaid 
in the kingdom of Osraighe, and after having ratified an amicable 
peace between him and his brethren. The Leinster-men also returned 
home after victory and triumph. 

Cearbhall, son of Muirigen, King of Leinster, proceeded directly 
to Cill-dara [Kildare], carrying with him great troops into captivity, 
and among the rest, Flaithbhertach, son of Inmainen. What a cer- 
tain scholar of Leinster has ascribed of evil to Flaithbheartach is 
shameful to be mentioned, and improper to be written 6 . 

They afterwards brought Flaithbheartach to Cill-dara [Kildare], 
and the clergy of Leinster gave him great abuse, for they knew that 
he alone had invited the expedition and the battle, and that Cormac 
came against his own will. On the death of Cearbhall, King of Lein- 
ter, however, Flaithbheartach was set at liberty, which, according to 
some, was after the expiration of one year. Muirenn f , successor of 
Brighit, accompanied by a great number of clerics, escorted him to 
Magh Nairbh g , and when he arrived in Munster he made peace there. 

He 



2l6 



l?ct cuaib lapccam Da rhaimprip 50 hlnip Cacaij, -\ po baoi peal 
50 cpaiDbfc inn, 50 rramig; amac Dopfoipi DO jjabail pie Caipil, 
50 paba Da bliaam cpiocaD i pige TTluman. dp Do'n car po pa 
can Dalian (mac TTIoine) ollarh Chepbaill pi Caijfn : 



Copmac 

Colnaan, Ceallac cpuaib n-ujna, 

^o pe mile Do pocpaccap 

1 ccar bealui^ muaiD TTlugna. 

Cfmeplip, Dfn bopuma, 

pfpjal peij; lomon pcpiblinn, 

Copmac pionn a pemfnmaij; 

1 Cennpaolab a ppijpinn. 

Connobap Din Q6apmai<5 

1 6mfn a h-Qibne, 

La Cfpball Do pocpacrap 

Oia maipc ap TTlai^ Qilbe. 

TTlaolmuaD ~\ TTIaDuDan, 

Uc pob alainn an paipfnn, 

Oubacan 6 Qbainn TTloip, 

Oublaec "| OubDaboipfnn, 

Con^al i Cacapnac 

-] pfpaDac papam, 

Oorhnall 

h Dalian, son of Mor. Keating says the River Shannon, about one mile to the 

that he was poet to Cearbhall, King of north of Killaloe. This was the residence 

Leinster, quoted by the F. M., A. D. 903, of the chief of the Ui-Toirdhealbhaigh. 

but their chronology is five years ante- This Aneslis was not the ancestor of any line 

dated. of the Dalcais whose pedigree is known. 

1 Aneslis, shelter of Borumha. Now k Frighrenn. This was the name of the 

Beal-Borumha, a fort on the west side of chief seat of the TJi-Conaill-Gabhra, now 



21 7 

He afterwards went to his monastery on Inis-Cathaigh [Scattery Is- 
land], and spent some time there piously, but he came out afterwards 
to assume the kingdom of Caisel, and he was in the [enjoyment of] 
the kingdom of Munster for thirty-two years. Of this battle, Dal- 
ian, son of Mor h , Ollamh of Cearbhall, King of Leinster, sang : 

Cormac of Feimhin, Foghartach, 

Colman, Ceallach, of hard battles, 

With six thousand, fell 

In the famous battle of Mughain. 

Aneslis, shelter of Borumha 1 , 

Fearghal the sharp, of the straight stream, 

Cormac the fair, of Magh Feimhenn, 

And Cennfaeladh, of Frighrenn k , 

Conodhar, too, of Magh Adhair 1 , 

And Eidhen, of Aidhne m . 

By Cearbhall all were slain 

On Tuesday on Magh Ailbhe. 

Maelmuadh and Madudhan ; 

Alas ! fair was the host ! 

Dubhagan, of Abhainn Mor n , 

Dubhlach and Dubhdabhoirenn. 

Congal and Catharnach, 

And Feradhach, of the wilderness, 

Domhnall, 

the baronies of Upper and Lower Conillo, cester of the O'Heynes of Aidhne, a terri- 

county of Limerick. tory in the S. W. of the county of Galway. 

1 Magh Adhair. A level plain in the n Abhainn Mor. Avonmore (or the 

barony of Tulla, county of Clare. This Great River), now the Blackwater Eiver 

Conodhar is not the ancestor of any known in the county of Cork. This Dubhagan 

line of the Dal-Cais. was the ancestor of the O'Dubhagans 

m Eidhen, of Aidhne. He was the an- [O'Dugans] of Fermoy, county of Cork. 

2F 



2l8 

Oorhnall a Dun Cfpmna caorh, 

-] Gob 6 Chapn Uapai. 

plann Ufrhpa oo'n Uaillcfnmais, 

Ip Cfpball Ouin Capmam cirac. 

1 pepc Oecembep cloipiobap 

Car 50 ceOuib lolac, 

Uaog mac paoldin, TTemenan, 

Ceallac ip Lopcarr Lojiglan; 

Inoeipge mac Ouibjiolla, 

Po Oion^barcup coi^ nonbaip. 

niaolcallann mac pfp^aile, 

Oomnoll ip Copcdn Liarhna, 

Ugaipe no Uuacal a Dun Ofpmai^e, 

Nocap cfrpap ciam6a. 

U^pan TTlaip^e mopglonnac, 

Cleipcen 6 Imp pailbe, 

pollaman mac Clillella, 

Ouboaboipfnn aoaimne. 

UaDj an rpiac a Dfpgabaip, 

^o pupcaib bpuce boppplac, 

Qp pe cac po fpcomail, 

Do cl66 cac pop Copmac. Copmac. 

l?o ba gnforh 50 cciumap^am 

-] Qp lop pap mfopann 

Rob 

Dun Cearma. i. e. the old head of yet determined. 

Kinsule. q Flann, of Teamhair. i. e. of Tara and 

P Cam Taisigh. This was the residence Teltown in Meath. 

of the chief of Ui-Liathain, now the ba- ' Dun Carman. This was the name of 

rony of Barrymore, county of Cork ; but an ancient seait of the kings of Leinster, 

its situation or modern name has not been the site of which is now occupied by the 



219 

Domlmall, of Dun Cearma , the fair, 

And Aedh, of Cam Tasaigh p , 

Flann, of Teamhair q , of the plain of Tailltin ; 

And Cearbhall of the showery Dun Carman 1 ". 

On the seventh 8 of September they joined 

Battle with exulting hundreds, 

Tadhg, son of Faelan, Temenan, 

Ceallach and Lorcan the comely; 

Indeirge, son of Duibhgilla, 

They discomfited five times nine persons : 

Maelcallann, son of Fearghal, 

Domhnall and Lorcan of Liamhain*, 

Ugaire, of Dun-Dearmhaigh u . 

They were not a gloomy four; 

Ugran, of Mairge v , the great-deeded, 

Cleircen, of Inis-Failbhe, 

Follamhan, son of Ailell, 

Dubhdabhoirenn we acknowledge, 

Tadhg, the lord of Desgabhair x , 

With crushing flails of strong rods, 

It is he that discomfited, 

That gained the battle over Cormac. 

It was a deed of dark plunder, 

And it was enough to confuse us, 

iwas 

town of Wexford. u Dun-Dearmhaigh, Probably fort of 

' The seventh. The scribe writes in the Duirow, on the border of Laeighis and 

margin of the MS., "17 Sept.," which Osraighe. 

agrees with the F. M. v Mairge. Now Slievemarague, Queen's 

* Liamhain. Otherwise called Dun County. 

Liamhna, and now anglicized Dunlavan, x Desgabhair. i. e. South Leinster, i. e. 

county of Dublin. TJi-Kinsellagh. 

2 F 2 



220 



Pob uabup, po lomapcpaib, 

Uuibfcc na epic ap Cfpball. 

In-ceppcop, an canmcapa 

Qn paoi poicfpna (no ba pocla) popbapc 

Rf Caipil, pi lapmurhan, 

Q Ohe, t>ippan DO Chopmac. 

Copmac. 



Comalca corhalrpoma -\ coimleijinn Copmac mac Cuilenndin 
Cfpball mac Tnuipfgan, unDe Copmac cecinic : 

"Caile Dam mo nompan, 50 nofpnap a heippmm, 
Upe pampeapc Do 5 ne ^r ei r c 1n 5 in Oepill. 



i. e. ^elpeapc mjfn Oeipill, pi Ppangc, pa ail iao mapaon 
unoe popot) 5 ei ^r ei P ce - 

f^al. Cfpball mac TTnuipigen, pi Caijfn mopicup; unOe Dalian 
cecinic : 

TTlop liach Cipe lonjach, 

^an Cfpball cubam ceileac; 

pfp pial popam popbapac, 

Dia ppojnab Gipe eimeac. 

Ciac Ifmpa cnoc Glmaine, 

-| Qillfnn gan 6ja, 

Liac liom Capman, noca eel, 

"j pep oapa pooa. 

Nfop bo cian a paoalporh 

Q airle Copmac po cuillfb, 

La 

J Gelsherc. Keating makes no mention ' Forod- Geihheirce __ Queer e, whether 
of this royal foster-mother of Connac and this is intended for Foradh Geilsheirce, 
Cearbhall. i. e. Geilsherc's seat or bench? It was 



221 

'Twas pride, 'twas intolerance, 

Their coming into his territory against Cearbhall. 

The bishop, the confessor, 

The famous, (or renowned) illustrious doctor; 

King of Caisel, King of West Munster. 

God ! alas for Cormac ! 

Cormac. 

Cormac, son of Cuilenan, and Cearbhall, son of Muiregan, were 
foster-brethren and school-fellows ; hence Cormac sung : 

Bring me my tyrnpan, that I may play on it, 

For my ardent affection for Gelsherc, daughter of Deirill. 

i. e. Gelsherc 7 , daughter of Deirill, King of the Franks, nursed 
them both, unde Forod Geilsheirce z . 

[909.] Cearbhall a , son of Muirigen, King of Leinster, died ; hence 
Dalian sung : 

Great grief that Life of ships 

Is without Ceallach, her befitting spouse ; 

A generous, steady, prolific man, 

To whom submissive Erin was subservient. 

Sorrowful to me the hill of Almhain, 

And of Aillen, to be without soldiers ; 

Sorrowful to me is Carman I conceal it not 

As the grass is growing over their roads. 

Not long was his life 

After the dishonouring of Cormac ; 

A day 

probably the name of a place in Ireland son of Muiregen, is noticed in the Ann. 

where she resided. F. M. at 904 ; Ann. Ult. 908 [909]. The 

" Cearbhall. The death of Cearbhall, verses which follow are quoted by F. M. 



222 



Ca 50 leir, nf 
Ip aom bliajain $an puillfb. 
6pmac pie pojlaine, 
Rf Laifn limb Iaocpa6, 
Duppan all ncqio ndlmaine, 
Do 6ul ipeo pfpb paoupac. 
Saou la peot>a popcaibe, 
plair nap Ndip noirfc lappma, 
l?a cpou opungct oopcame, 
ffioo liacaib an liacpo. ID op. 

mjfn ploinn cecinic: 

6a poBjiaig Ceapball oo ^pep, 
6a pobpai^ a bep 50 bap 
Cln po baoi oa ciopc gan ciop 
Uaipceall ap a mope ppi Nap. 
Olc opimpa cumaom oa gall 
TTlapbpac Niall -\ Ceapball 
Cfpball la hUlb conaall r\%le 
Niall ^' ]riDu D la h-Qmlai6e. 



Opfm ^a pdba ap arhlai6 po loicfb Cfpball .1. 05 oola 66 i 
cCill oapa ap puD ppaioe in ceime cloici paip, -] eac Oiompac 
paoi, inuaip raini^ aipo an apD pe cfpocae cioprhaipe, ann pin 
uaip pin po cuip an cioprhaipe a congna amac, ~\ an rfc na upco- 

rhail 

b Gormflaith, daughter of Flann. She ttfter his death to Niall Glundubh, mo- 

was daughter of Flann Sinna, monarch of narch of Ireland. She was the daughter 

Ireland, and had been married to Cormac of a king, and had been the wife of three 

Mac Cullenan, King of Munster, after- kings. It is stated, nevertheless, in the 

wards to Cearbhall, King of Leinster, and Annals of Clonmacnoise, that " after all 



223 

A day and a half, no wrong calculation, 

And one year without addition. 

Ruler of a noble kingdom, 

King of Leinster, of numerous heroes. 

Alas ! that the lofty chief of Almhain 

Has died in a bitter, painful, manner ; 

Sorrowful for brilliant jewels, 

To be without the valiant, renowned Kino- of Nas. 

7 O 

Although dense hosts have fallen, 
Greater than all the sorrows is this sorrow. 

Gormflaith, daughter of Flann b , sung : 
Cearbhall was always vigorous ; 
His rule was vigorous till death ; 
What remained of his tributes unpaid, 
He brought by his strength to Nas. 
Evil towards me [was] the compliment of the two Galls. 
They slew Niall and Cearbhall ; 
Cearbhall was slain by Ulbh, a great deed, 
Niall Glundubh, by Amhlaeibh. 

Some say that the manner in which Cearbhall was slain was this : 
As he was going through the street of the stone step eastwards at Cill- 
dara [Kildare], having a proud steed under him, when he came op^ 
posite the shop of a fuller, there the fuller sent the Congna d out, the 

horse 

these royal marriages, she begged from glosses this word in the margin by pfi- 
door to door, forsaken of all her friends caipe, which is still a living word, mean- 
and allies, and glad to be relieved by her ing, "a fuller." 

inferiors." See Ann. F. M., A. D. 903, d The Congna. This word is used in 
917, 941. the Ann. F. M., A. D. 1499 and 1597, in 

"Fuller. Ciojiriiaipe. The scribe the sense of a machine or instrument. 



224 

rhcnl amaig, po pceinn an cfc oiompac t>ap a haij", 50 rcapla a ja 
pen alldirii a giolla pen baoi na 6fai6 (50 mbao e ainm an 510!- 
lapain Uille, no ainm an ciopmaipe) ba mapb rpaCfpball Don loc 
pin i ccionn bliabna, "| po abnaicfb e mcep papcpep puop i pelicc 
Ndip, unoe oicmup: 

pailfo naoi pfoj peim na^a, 
1 ccill Naip po neirh niarhba; 
TDuipfgan maom jan Tnfpball, 
Cfpball, ip Ceallac ciall6a. 
Colman, bpan beoba, 
pionn, paoldn, Ounca6 Dana, 
1 cCill Copbain, po cuala, 
T7o claoicce a n-uaja a^a. 

becc hUa Cerlobaip pi Dhail Gpaibe mopirup; unDe Dicicup : 

'Qpo p5el pgaoilce long lip 
O po puaip mop n-imm6 
Nao maip opgap Dpuac oil 
Clorpuipe cuare mbip. 

Caicill mac Pucpac pi bpfban ; Caipeog mac Dunog, pf 
hUa pfpjupa .1. i n-Uib Cinnpiolai^ ; TTlu^pon mac Soclacam, pf 
hUa TTlaine, mopicup. 

l?o innipiomup peme po .1. pin cfrparhab bliajam pfmainn na 

pluaij 

e Cill Naas. Now Kill, a church near Tuath-Iribhir. The ancient name of 

Naas, in the county of Kildare, dedicated the mouth of the River Bann, near Cole- 

to St. Corban. raine. 

f Becc Va Leathlabhair. i. e. Beg O'La- h Cadett, son of Roderick. He died in 

lor. His death is noticed in the Ann. F. M. the year 909, according to the Annales 

at 904, where these verses are also quoted, Cambriae ; 907, according to the Brut y 

Ann. Ult. 908 [909]. Tywysogion. 



225 

horse being opposite it outside ; the proud steed started back, so that 
he [the king] struck against his own javelin, which was in the hand 
of his own horseboy (whose name wasUille, or this was the name of 
the fuller), and Cearbhall died of that wound at the end of a year, 
and he was buried among his fathers in the cemetery of Nas ; hence 
is said : 

There are nine kings of famous career 
In Cill-Nais e , of shining lustre: 
Muiregan, a hero without mistake, 
Ceallach and Cearbhall the sensible, 
Column, Braen, and Bran the lively, 
Finn, Faelan, Dunchadh, the bold, 
In Corban's church, I have heard, 
Their warlike graves were made. 

BeccUaLeathlabhair f , King of Dal-Araidhe,died; hence was said: 

Awful news that disperses the ships of the sea, 
Which have braved great dangers, 
That no longer lives, the beloved golden scion, 
The renowned prince of Tuath-Inbhir g . 

CadelP, son of Roderick, King of Britain; Caireog, son of Dunog 1 , 
King of Ui Fergusa, in Ui Ceinnsealaigh; and Mughron, son of Soch- 
lachan k , King of Ui-Maine, died. 

We have related before now, i. e. in the fourth year before us 1 , 

how 

1 Caireog, son of Dunog. This obit is Ult. " Tribes and Customs of Hy Many" 
not in the published Annals. (Irish Arch. Society), p. 98. 

k Mughron, son of Sochlachdn. A. D. l The fourth year before us. i. e. before 
908 [909]. " Mugron mac Sochlachan, the present date. There is no account of 
rex Nepotum Maine defunctus est." Ann. the expulsion of the Danes from Ireland 

2G 



226 

toclannca D'lonnapba a h-'Gipinn cpe pac aoine -| fp- 
nuice an Duine naoim .1. Chele Oabaill, uaip ba bume naorh 
cpaibbfc epibe, -] ec mop ai^e mana Cpi'opDaibib, "| pa caob nfp- 
caba DO laoc n-Gipionn i gcfnn na paganoa po paocpai^ pen pe 
hepnaijce, { po cuingib paoipe oTgailpib 'Gipfnn, ~| Do cup peipje 
an coimDheb uaca, uaip ap ap peipjj an coimDheb Do beic ppiu 
cugab fccaipcinfbaig oa millCb .1. Loclannai^ ~] Oanaip Do inpfb 
na h'Gpenn iDip citl i cuair. Ra cuaDap rpa na Coclannaij a 
h-6ipmn, amuil a Dubpamup, ~\ ba caoipioc Doib hmjamunD, ] ap 
ann pa cuaoap a n-inip bpfran [i mbpfcnuib]. Qp 6 ba pi bpfcan 
an can pin .1. mac Caicill mic Ruabpac. l?o nonoilpiD bpfcain 
Doib, i cugab cac cpuaib ponaipc Doib, i pa cuipiD ap ei^in a 
cpfocaib bpfcan iaD. 

Uaini^ lap pin hingamunD co n-a plua^aib D'lonpaijib Goel- 
ppiDa, bainpioj;an Sapcan; uaip bof a pfppibe an can pa i ngalop .1. 
GoelppiD (na hincpfcab nfc me 56 pa innipiup pearham ecc Goel- 
ppiD, uaip caoipioca po lonap ecc GoelppiD, -| ap Don gatoppa ap 
mapb Goelppib, ace nfop bait bam a pagbdil gan a pcpfbfnn na 
nofpnpaD Coclannaig ap nDiil a h'Gpinn). T?o baoi lapam hmga- 

* munD 

under the fourth year prior to this, nor in Dabhaill, Abhot of Bangor, and successor 

any other part of this Fragment, from of Comhgall, throughout Erin, died at 

which it is clear that some portion of the Rome on the i4th of September, in the 

matter immediately preceding has been year of Christ 927." See Ann. of Ult., 

lost The printed Annals are very meagre A. D. 927. 

at this period. n Hingamund. "We do not find any 

m Cele-Dabhaill. The scribe writes in mention of Hingamund in any previous 

the margin, ' Cele "Oabcnll ab beann- portion of these Fragments; nor does the 

coip i Comajiba Comgaill po 6ipirm, name occur in the Saxon Chron., or other 

obiit Romae anno Christi 927 die 14. English historians of the period. But the 

Septembris Ann. Dung.," i. e. according Brut y Tywysogion mentions "Igmond," 

to the Ann. of Donegal (or F. M.), " Cele- who, in the year 900, " came [apparently 



227 

how the Lochlann hordes were expelled from Erin through the merits 
of the fasting and prayers of the holy man, Cele-Dabhaill m , for he 
was a holy and pious man, and had great zeal for the Christians, and, 
besides strengthening the heroes of Erin against the Pagans, he 
laboured himself by fasting and prayer, and he sought freedom for 
the churches of Erin, and he strengthened the men of Erin by his 
strict service to the Lord, and he removed the anger of the Lord from 
them ; for it was in consequence of the anger of God against them 
that it was permitted that foreign hordes should come to destroy 
them, i. e. Lochlanns and Danes, to destroy Erin, both church and 
state. The Lochlanns went away from Erin, as we have said, under 
the conduct of Hingamund n , their chieftain, and where they went to 
was to the island of Britain. The King of Britain at this time was 
the son of Cadell , son of Roderick. The Britains assembled against 
them, and a hard and spirited battle was given them, and they were 
forcibly driven from the territories of the Britons. 

After this Hingamund and his forces came to Ethelfrida p , Queen 
of the Saxons, for her husband was at that time in a disease, i. e. 
Ethelfrid. (Let no one criticise me, because I have mentioned the 
death of Ethelfrid before, for this [fact, which I now relate] was be- 
fore the death of Ethelfrid, and it was of this disease he died, but I 
did not like to leave unwritten all that the Lochlanns did after leav- 
ing 

from Ireland] to Mona, and fought the who was married to -^thelred, Ealdor- 

battle of Ros-meilon," now Penros, near man of the Mercians, who, after her hus- 

Holyhead. Ann. Cambr., A. D. 902. band's death, defended her territories with 

Cadell. Clydaug, or Clydog, son of great success against the Danes. She died 

Cadell, son of Eodri Mawr, was slain by at Tarn worth, i9Kal. Julii, 919 Henr. 

his brother Meuruc, A. D. 917. Brut y Hunting. A double entry of her death 

Tywysog., or 919, Ann. Cambr. occurs in the Sax. Chron. at 918 and 922. 

p Mnelfrida. This was the celebrated The Ann. Ult. give 917 or 918; Ann. 

Jj!thelflaed, daughter of JElfred the Great, Cambr. 917 ; Brut y Tywys. 914 ; Lap- 

2G2 



228 

Tmint) ag lappaib pfpain aji an piojain acccaipippeb, ~\ i nbinjjneb 
cpoab ~] cpfbab, ap ba cuippioc e an can pin DO co^ab. "Gu^ lapam 
6oelppioa pfpainn a ppogup DO Capcpa DO, ~\ po an peal ann pin. 
Qpeb po pap oe pin, 6 DO conaipc an cacpaij Ian paibbip, -\ an 
pfpann cojaibe impe, cu^ab mian a cfccaba 66. "Cainij hin^a- 
munD lap pin D'lonnpoijib caopioc Loclonn ~] Oanap, ~| po baoi 05 
gfpdn mop na ppiaonuipe, -| apeb po pdib, nac maic po baDap $an 
pfpann maic aca, ~\ gup bo coip Doib uile coibecr DO j;abail Cap- 
cpa, "| Da cfccao co na maicmp -j co n-a pfpannaib. Ra pap cpiD 
pin cara ~] cojaD iom6a, mopa. Qpeb po pdib; guibfm -] aiccfm 
IQD pen ap cup, "| muna ppajjam iao arhlaib pain ap aip, copnarh 
iaD ap eijin. 17o paorhpaccup uile caoipij^ Coclonn ) Danaip pin. 
Uainic InjamunD lapccain Da cai lap nodi nonoil 'na Df^aib. Cfo 
DeippiD DO ponpaDporh an corhaiple pin, puaip an piojan a piop. 
l?o cionoil an piojjan lapam ploj mop impe pan can, "\ po lion an 
cacpai Capcpa 6 na plojjaib. 

Qpbfg nac ip na laicibpi po cuippfo poipcpfnnaij -j Coclonnaij 
cac. Qp cpuaib imuppo po cuippioc pip Qlban an cac po, uaip 
baoi Colum Cille 05 congnam leo, uaip po j;uibpioD 50 Diocpa e, 
uaip ba Tie a n-appcol e, ") ap cpfD po jabpaD cpeiDfrh. Uaip pfcc 
oile anuaip po baoi Imap Conunj na jiolla 65, -| caimj D'mpfb 
Qlban, cpf caca mopa a Ifon, apeb Da ponpaD pip Qlban eiDip 
laoc i cleipfc, beic 50 maiDin i n-aoine, i a n-iopnaibe pa Oia, ~j 

pa 

penberg's Hist, of England (Thorpe's the Mercians, in the year 918 (recte, 919), 

Transl.), ii, P- 95- according to the Saxon Chron., but we 

q Chester. York was sometimes called read there also (Petrie's Edit., at the same 

Ceastre, or Ceastrum (Sax. Chron., A. D. date), that Queen JEthelflaad also got into 

763), and it is possible that our author her possession the town of Legra -ceastre, 

may intend the treaty made at York be- which may be either Chester or Leicester, 

tween the Danes and ^Ithelflsed, Queen of ' Almost. The whole of this paragraph 



229 

ing Erin.) Hingamund was asking lands of the queen, in which he 
would settle, and on which he would erect stalls and houses, for he 
was at this time wearied of war. Ethelfrida afterwards gave him 
lands near Chester* 1 , and he remained there for some time. What re- 
sulted from this was : as he saw that the city was very wealthy, and the 
land around it was choice, he coveted to appropriate them. After this, 
Hingamund came to meet the chieftains of the Lochlanns and Danes; 
he made great complaints before them, and said that they were not 
well off without having good lands, and that they all ought to come 
to take Chester, and to possess themselves of its wealth and lands. 
From this many and great battles and wars arose. What he said was : 
Let us ask and implore themselves at first, and if we do not obtain 
this by their will, let us contend for them by force. All the chiefs 
of the Lochlanns and Danes approved of this. Hingamund afterwards 
returned to his house, a host having followed after him. Though 
they held this consultation secretly, the queen received intelligence 
of it. The queen collected great hosts about her from every direc- 
tion, and the city of Chester was filled with her hosts. 

Almost 1 at the same time the men of Fortrenn 8 and the Loch- 
lanns fought a battle. Vigorously, indeed, did the men of Alba fight 
this battle, for Colum Cille was assisting them, for they prayed to 
him fervently, because he was their apostle, and it was through him 
they had received the faith. On a former occasion, when Imhar 
Conung* was a young man, he came to plunder Alba with three large 
battalions. What the men of Alba, both laity and clergy, did, was, 

to 

has been quoted by Dr. Reeves, in his * Imhar Conung. i. e. Ivor, the king. 

Edition of Adamnan, p. 332 sq., where, This is a digression, for he was slain in 

see his notes and references. the year 904, by the men of Fortrenn. 

* Fortrenn. i.e. the country of the Ann. Ult.; Keeves's Adamn., pp. 333, 

Picts. Ann. Ult. 917 (or 918). 392. But the present battle was fought 



230 

pa Colam Cille, ~] eime mopa DO Denarii pip in coimoheb, -| alm- 
pana lomba bf6 ~\ eoaig Do cabaipc Dona hfgalpaib, ~\ DO na boc- 
caib, 1 copp an coimDheb Do caiufrh alldrhuib a p a^apc -j jeallab 
gac maiaupa t>o Denarii amail ap pfpp no lopalpaioip a ccleipij; 
poppa, i comab ea6 ba meipge boib i jcfnn ^ac caua, bacall Cho- 
laini Cille, gonab aipe pin at>bepap Cacbuaib ppia 6 pin alle ; -j ba 
hainm coip, uaip ip mime pugpaopom buaib a ccaraib te; arhail t>o 
ponpac iapam an can pin t>ola a muinijin Colaim Cille. Do pon- 
paD an mob ceona an can pa. l?a cuipiob laparh an cacpa 50 
cpuaib peocaip ; pugpao na h-Qlbanaij buaib ~\ copgap ; po map- 
baiD imuppo na Coclonnai^ 50 h-iomba ap maibm poppa, -j mapb- 
rap a pi ann, .1. Oiccip mac lapnjna. dp cian lapccam na po 
paijjpioo Oanaip na Loclorinai^ oppa, ace po buf pib i corhpanab 
t)oib; ace lompam Don pjeol po cionpgnamap. 

17o cionolpac pluaij; na nOanap ~\ na Coclonn D'lonpoijib Cap- 
rpa, i 6 nac ppuapaccup a ppaomab cpe acac no guibe, po fppua- 
gparcup cac ap 16 baipire. UangaDap 'p an ^ F in ^>'ionpoijib na 
carpac ; -j po baoi plo^ mop 50 n-iomaD paopclann 'p a ^ ccarpai^ 
ap a ccionn. 'O po concacrup na pluai^ pabaccup ipm cacpaij, 
Da mup na cacpac, ploij lomba na nDanap "] na Loclonn Da n-ion- 

poijib, 

about the year 918, according to Ann, now deposited in the Museum of the 

Tilt. See their account, Eeeves, ib. p. 332. Royal Irish Academy. 

u Cathbhuaidh. i. e. battle-victory. In x On this occasion. i. e. on the occasion 

like manner the name of Cathach [praelio- of the battle between the men of Fortrenn 

sum] was given to the ornamented box of and the Lochlanns, in 9 1 8 the history 

the O'Donnells of Tirconnell, containing a of the battle with Imhar Conung, in 904, 

Psalter supposed to have been written by having been introduced merely to record 

the hand of St Columba, which was car- the precedent for the use of the Cathbuaidh, 

ried before their armies in battle. This or victory-giving crozier of St. Columkille. 

valuable relic, through the public spirit y Otter, son oflcvrgna. Orsonoflargn; 

of its owner, Sir Richard O'Donnell, is largna may be the gen. case. The Ann. 



231 

to remain untill morning fasting and praying to God and to Colum 
Cille, and they cried out aloud to the Lord, and gave many alms of 
food and clothes to the churches, and to the poor, and to take the 
body of the Lord from the hands of their priests, and to promise to 
do every good, as their clergy would order them, and that they would 
have as their standard, at the head of every battle, the crozier of 
Colum Cille, for which reason it is called the Cathbhuaidh u from that 
time forth, and this was a befitting name for it, for they have often 
gained victory in battles by means of it, as they did afterwards at that 
time, when they put their trust in Colum Cille. They acted in the 
same way on this occasion 3 ". This battle was afterwards fought fiercely 
and vigorously. The Albanachs gained victory and triumph. The 
Lochlanns were slain in great numbers, and defeated, and their king 
was slain, i. e. Otter, son of largna 7 , and it it was long after this until 
either Danes or Lochlanns attacked them, but they enjoyed peace and 
tranquillity. But let us return to the story which we commenced. 

The hosts of the Danes and the Lochlanns collected to Chester, 
and when they did not get themselves complied with by entreaty or 
supplication, they proclaimed battle on a certain day. On that day 
they came to attack the city, and there was a large host, with many 
nobles, in the city to meet them. When the hosts, who were within 
the city, saw, from the wall of the city, the many hosts of the Danes 
and Lochlanns [coming] to attack them, they sent messengers to the 
King of the Saxons 2 , who was in a disease, and on the point of death 

at 

Ult., in their account of this battle, men- and daughter of Alfred the Great. He 

tion this chieftain as Ottir, without giv- died in 912. Sax. Chron. and Flor. "Wi- 

ing the name of his father. gorn. in anno ; Lappenberg's Hist, of Eng- 

1 King of the Saxons. This was JEthel- land, ii., p. 90. Therefore, the event here 

red, Ealdor of the Mercians, whose Queen described must have taken place in or be- 

was ^thelfled, sister of King Edward, fore that year. But our author's chrono- 



232 

poiib, jia cuippioD cfcca D'lonp 01516 pi Sapcan, po baoi a n^alop, ~\ 
ap bpu ecca an uaip pin, t>'iappam a comaiplipiom, i corhaiple na 
piojna. Gpf comaiple cugpaibe caeuab Do jenarh a ppo^up oo'n 
cacpaij; allamai, -\ bopap na carpac DO beie aibela, "] ploj pic- 
aipe DO roa, -\ a mbeiepibe i ppolac alia anall, "| man bub cpeipi 
t>o luce na carpac ag an cacuab, ceicheb Doib Dap a n-aip ipm 
carpaij; mup ba i rnajbm, i anuaip Do riocpaiDfp fprhop ploig na Loc- 
lonn Dap bopup na carpac apctc, an plog biap a ppolac call Do 
bunab an Dopuip Dap eip na Dpeimi pin, ~| jan nf ap moo DO lejfn 
oppa; ^abdil pon Dpeim pin ciogpaiD ipm cacpaij, -\ a mapbab 
uile. Do ponab uile arhlaib pin, -j po mapbab Dfp^-ap na nOanap 
-| na Loclonn arhlaib. Gib mop Dna an mapbab pin, ni hfb Do 
ponpaD na Loclonnaij pagbail na carpac, uaip ba cpuaib ainDgib 
IOD, ace apfb aDpubpaccup uile cliara lomba DO Denarii aca, ] 
jabla Do cup poca, -| collab an rhuip pora ; -j apfb on na pa puip- 
jfb, DO ponab na cliaca, ] po baoap na ploij poca ag collab an 
muip, uaip ba painc leo gabail na cacpac, -\ Diojail a mumncipe. 
1p ann pin pa cuip an pf (i e i pocpaib Do bap) i an piojjan 
cfcca uaca DMonpoi^ib na n^aoibiol po baccap eiDip na Paga- 
naib (ap ba h-iomba Dalca 5 aoiD ealac 05 na pdganaib), Da pdb 
pip na ^aoibealuib: bfca ~| pldmce 6 pi Sapcan aca a njalop, -j 6 
n-a pfo^am, 50 ppuil uile nfpc Sa^an, Duibpi, -j po DeimnijpioD 

conab 

logy is probably wrong. death, of Anarawd (A. D. 913), his eldest 

* GaeidhiL i. e. tie Irish, or Dano- son, EdwalFoel, took upon him the govern- 

Irish, called above the Gall-Gaeidhil. See ment of North Wales, Howel Dha hold- 

p. 128, note m . ing the principality of South Wales and 

b Over all the Saxons. In Powell's Hist Powis. At what time a terrible comet ap- 

of Wales, by W.Wynne (Lond., 1697, pp. peared in the heavens. The same year 

45, 46), this attack upon Chester is referred the city of Chester, which had been de- 

to in the following words: "After the stroyed by the Danes, was, by the pro- 



2 33 

at that time, to ask his advice, and the advice of his queen. The ad- 
vice which he gave was, to give [them] battle near the city outside, 
and to keep the gate of the city wide open, and to select a body of 
knights, and have them hidden on the inside ; and if the people of the 
city should not be triumphant in the battle, to fly back into the city, 
as if in defeat, and when the greater number of the forces of the Loch- 
lanns should come inside the gate of the city, that the hosts who were 
in ambuscade should close the gate of the city after this party, and 
not to pretend to any more, but to attack the party who should come 
into the city, and kill them all. This was all done accordingly, 
and a red slaughter was accordingly made of the Danes and Loch- 
lanns. Great, however, as was that slaughter, the Lochlanns did not 
abandon the city, for they were hardy and fierce, but they all said 
that they should make many hurdles, and that posts should be placed 
under them, and that they should perforate the wall under [the shel- 
ter of] them. This project was not deferred ; the hurdles were made, 
and hosts were [placed] under them to pierce the wall, for they were 
covetous to take the city, and to avenge their people. 

Then the king, who was on the point of death, and the queen 
sent ambassadors to the Gaeidhil 3 who were among the Pagans (for 
the Lochlanns, then Pagans, had many a Gadelian foster-son), to say 
to the Gaeidhil : " Life and health from the King of the Saxons, who 
is in disease, and from his Queen, who has sway over all the Saxons b , 

to 

curement of Elfleda, new built and re- the island of Anglesey." The "ancient 

paired, as the ancient records of that city copy" here referred to is probably the 

do testify. This, in the ancient copy, is Anglo Saxon-Chron., which calls the place 

called Leycester, by an easy mistake for Legraceastre, A. D. 91 8. There is great 

Legecestria or Chester, called by the Ro- confusion between Chester and Leices- 

mans Legionum Castra. The next sum- ter in the Saxon Chron. The former name 

mer the men of Dublin cruelly destroyed is written Legaceaster, Leiceaster, Leg- 



234 

cona6 pfopcapaiD raipipi Doibpiorh pibpi : ap amlaib pin ap jaBra 
buibpi laDpom ; uaip ^ac o^lac, i jac cleipfc ^aoibealac rainig 
cucapom a h-'Gipinn, nf cu^pacpom a lomapcpaib onopa D'o^lac 
no cleipec Sa^on ; uaip ap coimmec ap ndrhaiD Duib maille an 
cineb ndimDibipi na pagdnDDa. Ipeb t>m ay^libp arnail ap capmo 
caipip pb, a ppopcacc porii an cuaipcp. Qrhlaib fo on a pd6 
niupom, gonib 6 caipoib caipipib 6uib canjamap-ne Da bap nagal- 
larh, Do pd6 Duibpi pip na Oanapaib, cibne comaba pfpainn i 
lonnrhaip oo bepoaoip Don luce no bpairpfb an cacpaij Doib. TTla- 
popoemabaicpiorh pain, a mbpeir Do cum luije i ppail i mbia 
poipbe a mapbca, -| map beiDpiom ag cabaipc an lui^e pa cclaib- 
mib, i pa pgiacaib, amuil ap bep Doib, cuipgirc uaca an uile apm 
poiDiobpai^re. Oo pijnfb uile arhlaib pin, ~\ po cuippioc a n-apma 
uaua, i ap aipe ip pip na Oanapaib Do ponpaD na J) 0101 ^ P n 
uaip ba lu^ ba capaiD Doib iaD londiD na Coclonnaig. Sochaibe 
lapam Diob pa mapbab arhlaib pin, ap lecao cappaj mop -j pabab 
mop 'na gcfnn: Socuibe mop oile Do jaib, -| Do paijDib, ~[ 6 uile 
acmoinge mapbra Daoine. 

17o baccap imuppo an plo oile, Coclonnai^ por na cliaraib 
05 collab na mup. Qpeb Do ponpaD na Sapcoin ~\ na ^aoibil, po 
baccap fcoppa, caipge Diomopa DO lecub anuap 50 ccpapgpaiDfp 
na cliaca na ccfnn. Qpeb Do ponpaDpum na aijib pin, columna 
mopa Do cup po na cliaraib. Qpeb DO ponpaD na Sa^oin na 
ppuapaDap Do lionn ~\ D'uipge pin baile Do cup i ccoipib an baile, 
] piucab poppa a legan i mullac in lucr po baoi po na cliacaib, 
50 po pcoma i Ifcap Dfob. Qpe ppeagpab cu^paD na Coclonnai^ 

aippin 

ceaster (Caer-Lleon, or Caerleon, in the tre, &c. The fortification of Chester 

Bret y Tywysogion, Lleon being a cormp- (Ligceaster), by Queen ^Ethelflsed, is re- 

tion of Legionum) ; the latter, Legraceas- corded in the Saxon Chron. at A. D. 

ter, Leogereceaster, Ligcraceaster, Leyces- 907. 



to you, and they are certain that you are true and faithful friends to 
them. It is therefore meet that you should adhere to them, for they 
gave to every Gadelian soldier and clergyman who had come to them 
out of Erin, as much honour as they did to any Saxon soldier or 
clergyman, for this inimical race of Pagans is equally hostile to you 
both. It then behoves you, as ye are faithful friends, to relieve them 
on this occasion." This was the same as if it was said to them : We have 
come from faithful friends of yours to address you, [to request] that 
ye should ask the Danes, what gifts in lands and chattels they would 
give to those who would betray the city to them. If they would con- 
sent to this, to bring them to swear, to a place where there would be a 
facility of killing them ; and when they shall be swearing on their 
swords, and on their shields, as is their wont, they will put away all 
kinds of missile weapons. They all did accordingly, and they put 
away their arms ; and the reason that the Gaeidhil acted so towards 
the Danes was, because they were less friends to them than to the 
Lochlanns. Many of them were killed in this manner, for large rocks 
and large beams were hurled down upon their heads. Great num- 
bers also were killed by darts and javelins, and by every other kind 
of apparatus for killing men. 

The other hosts, however, were under the hurdles, piercing the 
walls. What the Saxons and the Gaeidhil who were among them 
did, was to throw down large rocks, by which they broke down the 
hurdles over their heads. What the others did to check this was, to 
place large posts under the hurdles. What the Saxons did next, was 
to put all the beer and water of the town into the cauldrons of the 
town, to boil them, and spill them down upon those who were under 
the hurdles, so that their skins were peeled off. The remedy which 
the Lochlanns applied to this was to place hides outside on the hur- 
dles. What the Saxons did next was, to throw down all the beehives in 

2 H 2 the 



aippin peicfb Do pjaoileb ap na cliacaib anuap. Qpfb Do ponpaD 
na Sa^om gac a jiaba Do cliab bfc ipin baile Do pgaoilfb po luce 
na coglu, na jio lei^ boib copa na larfia D'lomluab pa hiomaD na 
mbfc ja eefpcab. Ro lei^pioD lapccan Don carpai -j po pdgpaD f. 
Mi aan mpcrain co ccdngacap apipi DO caru^hab. 

Ip in bliabainpi cdini^ cionol mop bpeipne ap cpfcaib. Ra 
hinnipioD pin DO pi '6ipfnn, ) Do rhaccaib. Qp annpin po pdib 
pf 'Gipfnn: ap DeipfD n-aimpipe ann, ap pe, an can larhuiD COTYI- 
airi^ mup po eipgib a n-aigib paopclann. Do ponaD cionol Dippf- 
5pa po ceDoip la pf n-6ipfnn "] la maccoib, -j cangaccap pfmpa 
50 Dpuini cpiaic, i po baucup 05 peccaD cionol na Tnbpepnfc ann 
pin. Ni pacup peme pin nonol DO airfcuib. Do cuippioD cfnn i 
jcfnn lapccain, -j gen 50 paba pi pfmpa Do puabpaDap 50 cpuaiD 
pij n-'6ipfnn. l?o concaccup meic pf 'Gipfnn cac pealaD 6 cac 
amac ; cangacrup Da lonpoijpobpibe, "] po cuippioD ppiu. fto mam 
pe macaib an pf ap an carpin, ~\ pomaiD ap na cacaib oile po 
ceDoip, po cuipfb a nDfpg dp, ~\ po gabab pochaibe Diob gup cfn- 
nai^ic iaD DO cionn lonnmaip. 

Udini^ an pf 50 mbuaib ~\ copgup Do bpeic o na aicfbabuib, ap 
mapbab pf na mbpeipnfc .1. plann mac Ui^fpndin. 

]val. Ctnnup ^^i.up. plainn, DiapmaiD pf Oppaije, ) Gob mac 

Duibjiolla, 

Druim-criaich. Now Drumcree, a descended from as royal a line as the mo- 
townland in the parish of Kilcumny, ba- narch of Ireland himself. The probabi- 
rony of Dehin, and county of "Westmeath. lity, however, is, that the monarch of Ire- 

d Attacotts The meaning of this is land spoke in derision on account of the 

very doubtful. The term aithech tuatha motley appearance presented by these 
(attacot) is applied by the old Irish wri- hordes of plunderers. This defeat of the 
ters to the enslaved descendants of the men of Breifne is recorded in the Ann. 
Firbolgs, and to all those who were not of Ult., A. D. 909 [910] Cacpom& pe 
the royal line of the Milesians or Scoti; plonn mac IDaelpecnall cum suis filiis 
but the chiefs of the men of Breifne were pop pipu bpeipne ubi ceciderunt Flann 



the town upon the besiegers, which prevented them from moving 
their hands or legs from the number of bees which stung them. 
They afterwards desisted and left the city. It was not long, however, 
until they came to fight again. 

[909.] In this year there came a great muster of the Brefnians 
[into Meath] to commit depredations. This was told to the King 
of Erin and to his sons. Then the King of Erin said, " It is the 
end of the world that is come," said he, " when plebeians like these 
dare to attack noblemen." An irresistible muster was immediately 
afterwards made by the King of Erin and his sons, and they came 
forward to Druim-criaich c , and [thence] they reconnoitered the assem- 
bled forces of Breifne. They had never before seen a muster of At- 
tacotts d . They met each other face to face, and though they had no 
king 6 at their head, they attacked the King of Erin with hardihood. 
The sons of the King of Erin saw a battalion at some distance out from 
the rest; they came towards it, and attacked it. The sons of the king 
defeated that battalion, and the other battalions were likewise at 
once defeated and dreadfully slaughtered, and many of them were 
taken prisoners, who were afterwards ransomed by prices. 

The King returned after having gained victory and triumph over 
the plebeians, after the King of the Brefnians, i. e. Flann, son of 
Tighernan, had been killed. 

[910.] Kal. The thirty-first : y ear of Flann f . Diarmaid, King of Os- 

raighe, 

MacTigernain et alii nobiles multi inter- Attacoti or plebeians in any of these Annals, 

fecti. " An overthrow of the men of ' No King This looks very strange, 

Brefne, by Flann, son of Maelsechlain and for it is stated in the next paragraph that 

his sons, where Flann, son of Tighernan, their King Flann, son of Tighernan, was 

fell, and many other nobles were slain." killed. Perhaps there was a body of At- 

The same passage occurs in the Ann. tacotts, who were without a king, acting 

Clonm. at 902, and F. M. at 905 (the true as auxiliaries to Flann and his Breifnians. 

year is 910). But there is no mention of f Of Flann. i. e. of Flann Sionna (son 



, pi Ua nt)pona Do millfb Deip^ipc TTlaije Raijne, ~\ 
millfo Doib Citl na gCailleac .1. pinchi, ~\ Reccfn, ~\ mumncip 
Goba DO mapbab pa^apc an baile, ~] apeb on po Diojail Oia pop 
Gob mac Ouibjiolla pain, uaip po mapbpao apaile corhainj 
b'Oppaigib e 05 iomp66 Da ri. Ri hUa riOpona an cQob pin, "| 
na crpf mai^e, -] pi^Dariina hUa Cinnpilai^, unoe oicicup : 

Q 6^a Qilbe aine, 
Caoinib pi^ Slaine paoipe, 
Gpcbaio C(o6 nnbumnfc mbeapba, 
^o po poio pfpna paoine. 
peapna mop milib oo^pac, 
Nippaine apmao cuirhnfc, 
TTlapbdn bub fpjna allaD, 
O po bic bpan Dub buibnfc. 
17o paoib mo bfon mo bfcce, 
1?{ na pi'oj peoij pooa. 
Ctp puaicmj pop pair 'Goain, 
Ctob i n-eccaib, a oga. 

Uallacan mac Cacail, pibamna hUa pailge mopicup. 
Ugaipe mac Oilella DO pio^ab pop Laijmb. 
buabac mac TTlocla pigbamna na nOeipi mopicup. 

fal. 

of Maelsechlainn), King of Ireland, who It is the church now called Killinny [Cill 
began his reign A. D. 879, so that hia phineca, Ch. of S. Finech], in the parish 
thirty-first year was 910. See O'Fla- and barony of Kells, connty of Kilkenny, 
herty, Ogyg., p. 434. See F. M., A. D. 859, note *, p. 494. 

s Ui-Drona. A tribe inhabiting the pre- ' Aillhe. i. e. Magh Ailbhe, a plain on 
sent barony of Idrone, county of Carlow. the east side of the Barrow, near Carlo w. 
See Book of Rights, p. 2 1 2, n. k Slaint. i. e. the River Slaney. 

h Cill-na-gCaillech i. e. the church of ! Bearlha. i e. the River Barrow. 

the nuns. The founders of this church m Fewna. i. e. Ferns, in the county of 
were the holy virgins Finech and Rechtin. Wexford. 



239 

raighe, and Aedh, son of Dubhghioll, King of Ui-Drona g , destroyed 
the east of Magh Raighne, and they destroyed Cill-na-gCaillech h [i. e. 
of the nuns] Finech and Rechtin, and the people of Aedh killed the 
priest of the place, which God afterwards revenged upon Aedh, son 
of that Dubhghioll, for some plebeians of the Osraighi killed him as he 
was returning to his house. This Aedh was King of Ui-Drona, and of 
the Three Plains, and royal heir of Ui-Ceinsealaigh. Unde dicitur : 

youths of pleasant Ailbhe 1 , 

Mourn ye the King of noble Slaine k . 

Slain is Aedh of hosts of the Bearbha 1 , 

The just king of the land of peaceful Fearna m , 

To great Fearna, of the thousand noble graces, 

There came not, if I well remember, 

A corpse of more illustrious fame 

Since Bran Dubh n of troops was slain. 

My shelter, my protection has departed; 

May the King of kings make smooth his way. 

It is easily known by Rath-Aedhain 

That Aedh is dead, youths ! 

Uallachan p , son of Cathal, royal heir of Ui-Failghe [Offaley], died. 
Ugaire, son of Oilell q , was made King of Leinster. 
Buadhach, son of Mothla r , royal heir of the Deisi, died. 



n Bran DulJi A famous King of Lein- f Uattachan.Kia death is entered in 

ster, who was slain A. D. 60 1. See Ann. the Ann. Clonm. at the year 902, F. M. 

F. M., pp. 228, 229, 576. 905, but the true year is 910. 

Rath-Aedhain. i. e. Aidan's Fort, q Ugaire, son of Oilell. He died in 91 5, 

another name for Ferns. So called from according to the Ann. F. M. 

St Aedh or Aidan, alias Mogue, [i. e. mo r Buadhach, son of Mothla. Ann. F. M. 

de& 65]. 905. 



240 

Kal. Qipbe longnab .1. na of spen Do pioc maille in uno Die. i 
ppiD. noin TTlaii. Dunking mac Coipbpe, pi^bamna Caijfn, mopi- 
cup. Oomnall mac Goba, pi Gili Do abail bacla. 

TTlaolmopba, ppmcepp [.i. aipcinnec] Ufpe Da $lap, mopi- 
cup. 

mac Ugpain, pigDamna Laoi^ipi, mopicup. buabac mac 
, pi^Damna hUa mbaippce, mopirup. Oianim injfn OuiB- 
5iolla, bfn Ounlumg, mopicup; unoe Dicicup : 

Oianim Dion ap noaoine, popcacc gpeim Rfj na nDuile, 
Duppan caob pfba jpuaicni^, Do Beic i n-uaiprij; uipe. 

Inpf6 Oppaije la Copmac pi na nOeip, -| cealla lomDa [DO] 
milleb "| ceall manac. Ro mapbpau Oppaije Deapbpacaip an 
Chopmaic .1. Cuilfnnan; an can po baoi Copmac 05 milleD Op- 
paije, caimj TDaolpuanaiD mac Neill, mac an pf po baoi peme 
popp na Oeipb, "| Dpfm Do Oppaijpb leip, Dapeip Copmaic 50 
Dunab an Copmaic, ~\ cdim^ an Cuileannan a Dpuppamup pfrhainn 
na n-aijiD, i DO paD DeabaiD ooib, ~\ po mapbaD Cuileanndn pan 
DeabaiDpin. Q^ iomp66 Do Copmac po cuala an pgelpin, i aD 
connaipc pen eDac a bpacap a laim an locca po mapb e. 6a 
Dubac, Dobponac mpccain Copmac. 

Ip in mbliaDam pi po mapbab mac bpaonam, mic Cfpbaill 50 
cpua ap lap a bainjm pen, i gep paoil DiapmaiD 50 mab 

peppDe 

A wonderful sign. This wonder is the ancestor of the family of 0' Don- 
entered in the Ann. Clonm. at 902, but in nelly. 

the Arm. Ult at 910 [91 1]. * Maelmordha. Ann. F. M. 905. 

* Dunlang. Ann. F. M. 906. y Gaeithin. Ann. F. M. 906. 
u DomhnalL Ann, F. M. 906 ; Ann, * Suadhach. Ann. F. M. 906. 

Ult. 911. He was the eldest son of " Dianimh. Ann. F. M. 906, where 
Aedh Finnliath, monarch of Ireland, and these lines are quoted. 



241 

[911.] Kal. A wonderful sign 8 , i. e. two suns moving together 
during one day, i. e. prid. non. Maii. Dunlang', son of Cairbre, 
royal heir of Leinster, died. 

DomhnalP, son of Aedh, King of Ailech, took the [pilgrim's] staff. 

Maelmordha x , princeps (i. e. erenach) of Tir-da-glas, died. 

Gaeithin y , son of Ughran, royal heir of Laeighis, died. 

Buadhach 2 , son of Gossan, royal heir of Ui-Bairrche, died. 

Dianimh a , daughter of Duibhghill, wife of Dunlang, died ; unde 
dicitur : 

Dianimh, shelter of our people, is fettered by the power of the 

King of the elements. 
Alas ! that her tall and beautiful person is in a cold house of 

clay. 

The plundering of Osraighe by Cormac, King of the Deisi b , and 
many [secular] churches and monastic churches were destroyed by him. 
The Osraighi killed the brother of Cormac, i. e. Cuilennan. When 
Cormac was plundering Osraighe, Maelruanaidh, son of Niall, the son 
of the king who was before him over the Deisi, having a party of the 
Osraighi with him, pursued Cor.mac to Cormac's own residence, and 
the Cuilennan whom we have mentioned before came to oppose them, 
and gave them battle, and Cuilennan was killed in that battle. On 
Cormac's return he heard this news, and he saw the clothes of his 
brother in the hands of those who had slain him, and he was melan- 
choly and sorry in consequence. 

In this year the son of Braenan, son of Cearbhall, was piteously 
slain in the middle of his own fortress, and though Diarmaid thought 

that 

b Cormac, King of the Deisi. This en- and his death is recorded by them at 917. 
try is not in the published Annals. This e Diarmaid. This Diarmaid, King of 
Cormac is mentioned by the F. M. at 91 5, Ossory, was uncle to the murdered chief- 

2 I 



242 

peppDe t>6 mapbaD mic a bpacap, nf amlaiD DO pala 66, uaip Do 
eip^fccup Clann Oun^aile uile cpiD fin i ccfnn OiapmaDa, -| 
amail na eipjfo Ceallac aip, ap amlaiD po eipge TTIaolmopDa 
mac bpacap Do na cfnn, -| pe cuimnec in amcpiDe Do pijne Oiap- 
maiD pe a a araip, "| pe na pfnoip ann: -] po eip^e an TTIaolniopDa 
pin 50 peocaip beaDa i ccfnn Oiapmaca, ponaic Da Oppaige o'Op- 
paiib cpep an cojab pin: po baoi mapbab mop fccappa. Uainig 
r>na mac Qo6a mic Ouib^iolla, mac on injine Cfpbaill mic Oun- 
lainj, i n-aigiD Oiapmaoa, ap ba goipc leip mac bpacap a macap 
-] a Dala Do rhapbaD la OiapmaiD. TTiop paopclann po mapbaic 
pan casaDf a, i mop ceall po papafjir. 

]Qal. SapughaD QpDmacha Do Cfpnacan mac Ouiljen, fbon, 
cimiD [.i. bpaije] DO bpeir epce, (.1. ap in call) -| a baDa^ llloc 
Cipp. Cfpnacan lap pin DO babaj Do Niall ^lunDub in eoDem 
lacu, i nofojail papai^re Qpomaca. 

TTIaoilbpijDe imuppo mac TTlaoilDomnaij, ab.Cipmoip mopi- 
cup. 

plann mac Caoije, ab Copcai^e mopicup. 

Copmac eppcop Saipe. 

Uiobpaioe ab Imleaca mopicup. 

TTlaolbpi^De mac Uopnain, comapba phaDpaicc ~\ Colum cille, 
50 n-iomaD cleipeac 'Gipeann leip, im niumainD'accuinjiDionmaip 
ap mairib TTluman Da cabaipc i puaplajab bpaiDe bpfcon; i 
puaippiom pain ; -| cuj laip an mbpaiD ccpuaj pin ap mbdbaD a 

long, 

tain, and is mentioned by the F. M. at the try is given by the F. M. at the year 907, 

years 900, 914, 917; but this passage, but in the Ann. Ult. at 911 [912]. The 

which was evidently preserved in some situation or modern name of Loch Cirr is 

Ossorian collection of Annals, is nowhere now unknown. 

given by them. e Maellrighde. Ann. F. M. 907 ; Ann. 

d Cearnachan, son of Duilgen. This en- "Ult. 91 1 [912]. 



243 

that he would be the better of the killing of his brother's son ; it did 
not turn out so to him, for in consequence of this all the Clann Dun- 
ghaile rose up against Diarmaid, and, as if Ceallach would not rise 
against him, Maelmordha, the son of a brother of his, rose up against 
him, being mindful of the cruelty which Diarmaid had exercised against 
his father when he was an old man; and this Maelmordha rose up 
fiercely and vigorously against Diarmaid, and they divided Osraighe 
into two parts by that war. There was great slaughter between them. 
The son of Aedh, son of Duibhghilla (who was the son of the daugh- 
ter of Cearbhall, son of Dunlaing), came also against Diarmaid, for 
it was bitter to him that the son of his mother's brother, and his 
alumnus, should have been killed by Diarmaid. Many nobles were 
killed during this war, and many churches were wasted. 

[9 1 2.] Kal. The plundering of Ard-Macha by Cearnachan, son of 
Duilgen d , i. e. by taking a prisoner out of it [i. e. out of the church], 
and drowning him in Loch Cirr. Cearnachan was afterwards drowned 
by Niall Glundubh in the same lake, in revenge of the profanation of 
Ard-Macha. 

Maelbrighde 6 , son of Maeldomhnach, Abbot of Lis-mor, died. 

Flann, son of Laegh f , Abbot of Corcach, died. 

Cormac g , Bishop of Saighir [Serkieran], [died]. 

Tibraide h , Abbot of Imleach [Emly], died. 

Maelbrighde, son of Tornan 1 , successor of Patrick and Colum- 
Cille, with many ecclesiastics, [went] into Munster to solicit gifts 
from the men of Munster to ransom the prisoners of the Britons, and 
he obtained them, and he brought with him the miserable prisoners, 

their 

' Flann, son of Laegh. Arm. F. M. 907. thing like this is entered by the F. M. 
* Cormac. Ann. F. M. 907. at 908, and Ann. Tilt, at 912 [913] thus : 

h Tibraide. Ann. F. M. 908. " Maelbrighte mac Tornain came into 

1 Maelbrighde, son of Tornan. Some- Mounster to release pilgrims of the British." 

2 I 2 



244 

long, i ap iia ccuppiom i crfp, ~\ ap ecomfcc boib ap lonnjabdil 
Oanap ~\ Coclann. 

fval. TTlaolmoeboc ppmcepp Opoma moip mopirup. 
Uiobpaibe eppcop Clucma ebnfc mopicup. 
Cacpaomeab pe TTlaoilmichib mac plannagdin ~\ pe nOonn- 
chab hUa TTlaoilpeacloinn pop Copccm mac nOunchaib, ~\ pop 
pogapcac mac T^olaipj, bu i ccopcaip lie. Caccndn mac Cfpnaij, 
pi Ouin Maipn Laoigpi, mopirup. TTlaolpaopaic mac plarpoe, 
p( 17ara Oomnaig, mopicup. Gcalb, pi Sa^oin cuaip^ipc mopicup. 
plaicbeapcac mac lonmamen i pie Caipil. 
Coblac lanrhop Coclann [DO] ^abail a^ pope Laipjje, ~\ pocta 
Oppaije .1. ruaip^fpc Oppaije, o'lonnpab 66ib ; bpao mop -| lomao 
bo, i eallaig t>o bpeir 66ib 50 nui^e a lonja. 

Uangaccup 'p an bliabam pin ploi^ mopa Oubjall "\ pionngall 
oopiDipi o'lonpoigce Sapon ap pfoja6 Sirpiuca hUf lomaip. Ro 
puagpacrup car pop Sapcom, "] apfo on na po puipjfccup Sa^roin 
acr can^accup po ceouaip o'lonpoigiD na bpdgdnac. Ro cuipfo 
cac cpuaib peocaip eaccoppa, a^up ba mop bpi^, -| bpwr "] cop- 
narh cfcrapnae. Ro co6aile6 mop pola paopclann 'p an ca ^ r a 
5ibf6 ip iat> Sa^oin pug buaiD ~\ copjap ap mapbab ofp^dip na 
bpagdnac, uaip Do ^ab galop pf na bpagdnac, ) pugab ap in car 

650 

11 Maelmaedhdg. His death is entered Tamhnaigh. F. M., A. D. 909. 
in the Annals of F. M. at 909. p EtJiallJi. ^Ithulf, or ^Ethelwulf. 

1 Tibraide. Ann. F. M. 909. q Flaithbhertach, son of Inmamen. He 

m Maelmithidh. Ann. F. M. 909. was Abbot of Inis-Cathaigh, and had been 

n Bun -Nair in Laeighis. A place in the chief cause of the Battle of Bealach 
the Queen's County. This entry is not in Mughna, in which Connac Mac Cuillenain 
the published Annals. was killed. He became King of Munster 

Rath-domhnaigh. Now Rathdowney, A. D. 908, and died 944. 
a small town in the barony of Upper Os- r Lochlanm. This entry is given in the 
sory, Queen's County. It is called Eath- Ann. F. M. at 9 1 o, but the true year ifi 9 1 3. 



their ships having been swamped, and themselves cast ashore, having 
come to shun the Danes and Lochlanns. 

[913.] Kal. Maclmaedhog k , princeps [i. e. abbot] of Drum-mor, 
died. 

Tibraide 1 , Bishop of Cluain-eidhnach [Clonenagh], died. 

A battle was gained by Maelmithidh m , son of Flannagan, and 
Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, over Lorcan, son of Donchadh, and 
Fogartach, son of Tolarg, in which many fell : Lachtnan, son of 
Cearnach, King of Dun-Nairn in Laeighis 11 , died. Maelpatraic, son 
of Flathrai, King of Rath-domnaigh , died. Ethalbh p , King of the 
North Saxons, died. 

Flaithbhertach, son of Inmainen q , [was installed] in the kingdom 
of Caisel. 

A very large fleet of Lochlanns 1 " settled at Port-Lairge [Water- 
ford], and plundered the north of Osraighe: they carried off a great 
number of prisoners, and many cows and small cattle to their ships. 

There came in this year great hosts of Black Galls 8 and Fair Galls* 
again into Saxonland, after setting up Sitric, grandson of Imhar, as 
king. They challenged the Saxons to battle. And the Saxons did 
not indeed delay, but they came at once to meet the Pagans. A 
stubborn and fierce battle 11 was fought between them, and great was 
the vigour, and strength, and emulation on both sides. Much of the 
blood of nobles was spilled in that battle, but it was the Saxons that 
gained victory and triumph, after having made great havoc of the 

Pagans, 

Black Galls. Or dark foreigners, i. e. at the year 91 1, in which Otter the Earl 
Danes. and many other Danish chieftains were 

* Fair Galls. Or fair-haired foreigners, slain, but the two narratives do not agree 
i. e. Norwegians. in every particular ; nor does the Saxon 

" Fierce battle. This is perhaps the Chronicle mention Sitric, grandson of 
same battle described in the Saxon Chron. Imhar, as the leader of the party. 



24 

e 50 coill baoi corhpocpaib Doib, i ba mapb arm pin e. Oiccip Dno 
an c-iapla ba moo muipn 'p an C( *c T a P connaipc ap a rhumn- 
cipe Do cup DO na Sajconaib, apeD Do pijne, ceicf6 po caillib 
noluic baoi i compocpaib DO, ] in neoc po rhaip oa riiumnnp leip. 
Uangaccup oponjja Dforhopa Sa^on 'na bfghaio, "] po ^abpac mun 
^caille maccuapr. 17o lopail imuppo an piojan oppa an caill 
uile no cfp^ao t>a cclaibrhib, ~\ Da ccua^aib: "] apfb on DO pine6 
amlaiD. T?o cpap^paD an caill ap cup, ] pa mapbaD uile na PO- 
po barcup pan ccaile. Pa mapbaiD cpa arhlaiD pin na 
a lapin pfojan 50 po Ifc a clu ap gac leic. 
Oo pijne GDelDpiDa rpia na jliocap pein pi'6 ppia piopa 
Qlban, i pe bpearnuib, jibe can ciugpaiDip an cinf6 ceDna Da 
hionpoi^hiD, gup po eipjiDippin Do congnam 16. Oamao cucaporh 
no caopDaoip, jup po eipgeDpi leopum. Cein po bap ime pin, po 
lingpioc pip Qlban -\ bpfcan po bailib na Loclonn, pa millpioD, -j 
pa aipjpioD iaD. Cainig pi Coclann lapcram, -| pa aips Spaic 
cluaiDe, .1. pa aip an cfp, ace nf po cumamg namaiD [nf] DO Spaic 
cluaiDe. 

x JStheldrida. Sec above, p. 227, note p , is here mentioned, it would seem that the 

and comp. Lappenberg's History of Eng- transactions here recorded must have taken 

land (Thorpe's Transl.), vol. ii., p. y% sq. place after the death of vEthelred in 912, 

From the manner in TV hich " the Queen" or during the illness which incapaci- 



247 

Pagans, for the King of the Pagans had contracted a disease, and he 
was carried from the battle to a neighbouring wood, where he died. 
But when Otter, the most influential larl that was in the battle, saw 
that his people were slaughtered by the Saxons, he fled to the dense 
woods which were in his neighbourhood, carrying with him the sur- 
vivors of his people. Great parties of Saxons followed in pursuit of 
them, and they encompassed the wood round about. The Queen 
ordered them to cut all the wood down with their swords and axes. 
And they did so accordingly. They first cut down the wood, and 
[afterwards] killed all the Pagans who were in the wood. In this 
manner did the Queen kill all the Pagans, so that her fame spread 
abroad in every direction. 

Etheldrida x , through her own wisdom, made a treaty with the 
men of Alba and the Britons, that whenever the same race should come 
to attack her, they would rise up to assist her ; and that should they 
come to them, she would assist them. While they were thus joined, 
the men of Alba and Britain attacked the towns of the Lochlanns, 
which they destroyed and pillaged. The King of the Lochlanns 
afterwards arrived, and plundered Srath Cluaide 7 , i. e. he plundered 
the country, but the enemy was not able to take Srath Cluaide. 

tated him from taking any part in public y Srath Cluaide. i. e. Strathclyde, in 
affairs. North Britain. 



( 249 ) 



GENERAL INDEX. 



ABHAIN Mor, or Avonmore, '217, n. 
Achadh arglais, or Agha, 171. 

Achadh mic Earclaidhe, 145. 

Adamnan, when a school-boy, story of, 75, seq. ; 
relics of, 55 ; assumes abbacy of la, 89 ; ransoms 
captives, 89 ; comes to Ireland, 93 ; promulgates 
" Law of Innocents," 97 ; his contention with Irga- 
lach, 101 ; his rule for celebration of Easter, 111 ; 
death of, 115. 

Adolph, king of the Saxons, 151. 

Aedh, son of Ainmire, 8, n., 9. 

Allan, 12, n., 23, 29, 42, ., 45, 59. 
king of Ailech, 129. 

of Cam Tasaigh, 219. 

son of Cumascach, 155. 

son of Duibhghilla, 239, 243. 
son of Dluthach, 95. 

son of Dubhdabhoirenn, 153. 

Finnliath, 155, J57. 

Laighean, 42, ., 50, n., 51. 
son of Maelduin, 99. 

Menn, 41. 

Finnliath, son of Niall, 141, 143, 147, 151, 

157, 159, 171, 177, 189. 

Eoin, king of Uladh, 59. 

: bishop of Sleibhte, 99. 

Uairidhnach, 11, 12, n. 

king of Ui-Leathain, 211. 

Aedbagan, son of Finnacht, 177. 
Aedhan the leper, 37. 
Aedhgen UaMaithe, 49. 
^Ethelred, king of the Saxons, 231, . 
Aenghus, king of Fortrenn, 55. 

son of Faelchu, 55. 

a sage of Cluain Ferta Molua, 153. 

the high wise man, 141. 

son of Bee Boirche, death of, 57. 

Uladh, death of, 65. 

Ailbhe. See Magh Ailbhe. 
Aidhne, territory of, 211, n. 



Aileeh, destruction of, by Finnachta, 71. 

Ailech-Frigrinn, 23. 

Aileran the wise, death of, 65. 

Ailen, the two sons of, 51. 

Ailgenan, son of Dunghal, king of Munster, 129, 

135. 
Ailell Banbhan, abbot of Biror, 153. 

bishop and abbot of Fore, 195. 

son of Bodhbhcha, 53. 

. of Clochar, 185. 

son of Conall Grant, 51. 

son of Cu-gan-mathair, 103. 

son of Domhnall, death of, 67. 

son of'Dunghal, 93. 

sou of Dunlang, 195. 

son of Eoghan, 211. 

Aillinn, battle of, 57. 

Aindli, wise man of Tir-da-ghlas, 135. 

Ainge, river, 118, n. 

Aircelltair, or Ailcelltra, battle of, 71, 77. 

Airghialla, 34, n. 

Airiur-Gaeidhel (or Argyle), 14, n. 

Airmeadhach of Craebh, 89. 

Airthera, or Orior, 155. 

Albain, or Scotland, 40, n. 

Albanachs, the, 231. 

Albdan, king of Lochlann, 159. 

Alle, king of the Saxons, 173. 

Almhain, or Allen, hill of, 32, n. ; kings slain in 

battle of, 49-51, 221. 
Amlaeibh, 223. 
Coming, 127. 

son of king of Lochlann, 135, 149, 151, 157, 

171, 173, 185, 1S5. 
Anastasius, 21. 

Aneslis, or Beal-Borumha, 216, n. 
Anglesea, or Mona Conain, 155. 
Aodhan Mac Gabrain, 7. 
Ara Cliach, 147. 
AradhTire, 141. 

K 



25 



General Index. 



Arcadians of Cliach, 131. 
Ard-Macha, burning of, 69, 185, 243. 

plundered, 127. 

Argyle, ancient name of, 14, n. 
Aunites, or Danes, 159. 
Attacotts, the word, 237. 
Ath-muiceadha, 131. 

Badbh, 191. 

Baedan, abbot of Cluain-mic-nois, 65. 

Baeth-galach, 45. 

Baitbin, abbot of Benchair, 67. 

Balearic Isles, 163. 

Banbhan, scribe of Cill-dara, 89. 

Barith the Earl, 173, 197. 

Bealach Chonglais, 131. 

Gabhrkin, 189. 

Lice, battle of, 53. 

Bee Boirche, 87. 

Beccan, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, 93. 

Becc Ua Leathlabair, king of Dal Araidhe, 225. 

Bede, date of his work, 56, n. ; death of, 65 ; re- 
ference to, 113, 115. 

Beg Boirche, slayer of Congall Cennfoda, 71. 

Bennchair, deaths of four abbots of, 65. 

burning of, 69. 

Berbha, or the Barrow, 85, 239. 

Black men of Erin, 163. 

Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, 63, 65. 

son of Maelcobha, 69. 

Blue men of Erin, 163. 

Bodhbhchar, son of Diarmaid Ruanaidh, 111. 

Boghaine, 48, n. 

Boinn, or Boyne, 10, ., 101, . 

Boirinn, battle of, 55. 

Boromean tribute, 22, n., 33, 34, n. 

Borumha, the tax so called, 76, . ; remission 
of, 93. 

book so called, 78, n. 

Laighen, 82. 

Braen, 225. 

Breenan, son of Cearbhally, 241. 

Bran, 225. 

son of Conall Beg, 97, 109. 

Dubh, 239. 

king of Leinster, 40. 

son of Maelochtraigh, 69. 

Breagh plundered by the Lochlanns, 153. 

Magh, 21, 118, n. 

Breasal Breac, ancestor of chiefs of Osraighe, 8, n. 

Breifnians, attack on Meath by, 237. 

Brenann, 165, 167. 

of Biror, 6, n., 7. 

Brendan, St., 6,. 

Brigit, St., 17, 40, n. 

Britain Gaimud, 155. 



Bruide, son of Deril, 111. 

son of Bile, 89, 93. 

Buachail, son of Dunadhach, 195. 
Buadhach, son of Gossan, 241. 

son of Mothla, 239. 

Buan of Albain, 41. 

Cadell, son of Roderick, 225, 227. 

Caer Ebroic, or York, 159, 171. 

Caireog, son of Dun6g, 225. 

Calatros, battle of, 87. 

Caltruim, 65. 

Cana, son of Gartnan, 91. 

Cantabrian Sea, 159 

Cam Lughdhach, 137, 139. 

Carrleagh, 14, n. 

Carlingford Lough, 120, n. 

Casan, scribe of Lusca, 97. 

Cathal (son of Aedh), battle of, 60, ., 61. 

son of Fingaine, king of Munster, 21,i57. 

Catharnach, 211, 217. 

Cathasach, abbot of Ard-Macha, 143. 

son of Luirgne, 69. 

son of Maelduin, 87. 

Cathbuaidh, 231. 

Carthach, abbot of Tir-da-ghlas, 135. 

Ceallach, son of Cearbhall, 207, 211. 

abbot of Cill-dara and I, 163. 

King of Feara-Cualann, 213, 217, 219, 225. 

son of Guaire, 151. 

son of Raghallach, 105. 

Ceannmaghair, 28, n. 

Cearbhall, son of Dunlaing, 129, 131, 135, 139, 

141, 143, 147, 153, 155, 157, 177, 189. 

son of Maelodhra, 95. 

son of Muirigen, 201, 211, 215, 217, 221, 

223, 225. 
Cearmait, son of Catharnach, 157. 

son of Cinaedh, 151. 

Cearnachan, son of Duilgen, 243. 

Ceile, son of Urthuile, Prior of Aghabo, 199. 

Ceilechar, brother of Cingegan, 207. 

Ceallach, son of Faelchair, 57. 

Cele-Christ, 55. 

Cele-Dabhaill, 227. 

Cenndeilgtin, or Cenndelgthen, battle of, 53, 109. 

Cennedigh, son of Gaithin, 157, 159, 165, 170, 

173, 189. 

Cenn-Etigh, or Kinnitty, 210, n. 
Cennfaeladh, son of Colgan, 87. 

son of Crunmhael, 71, 77. 

son of Maelbresail, 93. 

son of Suibhne, 87. 

king of Ui Conaill, 211. 

Ua Muichtigherna, King of Caisil, or Munster, 

153, 169, 197. 



General Index. 



Cer of Cera, 51. 

Cetamun, 57. 

Cethernach, son of Nae Ua Ceallaigh, 55. 

Chester, 228, ., 233. 

Children, mortality of, 89. 

Cian, son of Cumascach, 185. 

Cianachta, of Mcath, or of Bregia, the territory 

called, 32, ., 116, ., 125, 177. 
Cianachta Glinne Gaimhin, 87. 
Ciar, daughter of Duibhrea, 87. 
Ciarrnacan, 199. 
Ciarmach Ua Dunadhaigh, king of Ui Conaill Ga- 

bhra, 199. 

Ciarraighi, or Kerry-men, 167. 
Ciarodhar, son of Crunnmhael, 199. 
Cicaire, kiqg of Osraighe, 85. 
Cill Ausaille, 197. 
Cillene Fota, abbot of la, 53. 
Cill-na-gCaillech destroyed, 239. 

Nais, 224, n, 

ruaidh, 53, n. 

Ua nDaighre, battle of, 177. 

Cinaeclh, Caech, son of Irgalach, 51, 53, 55, 57, 109. 

Mac Ailpin, king of the Picts, 151. 

Cinaeth, son of Conaing, 117, 119. 

Cineide, son of Gaeithin, 153. 

Cinel-Cairbre, 50, n. 

Cinel-Conaill and Cinel-Eoghain, 30, n., 35. 

Cinel-Conaill, sovereignty of Erin separated from, 

59. 

Claenadh, battle of, 109. 
Clane, round hill of, 39, n. 
Clercen, king of Ui-Bairche, 213. 
Clergy, presence of the, in warlike expeditions, 

210, . 

Clonard, ancient name of, 14, n. 
Clothna, son of Colgan, 49. 
Cluain-Dobhail, 36, n. 

eidhneach, 11. 

fearta-Brenainn, 163. 

Iraird, 14, n. 

Uamha, or Cloyne, 205. 

Cobhthach, abbot of Kildare, 187. 
Cobhthach-Cael-mBreagh, 39. 
Cochall-Odhar, death of, 57. 
Coibhdenach, son of Fiacha, 49. 
Colga, son of Blathmac, 87. 
Colgu, son of Eochaidh, 57. 

son of Failbhe Flann, 85. 

son of Domhnall, death of, 60. 

Colman Banbain, 53. 

Beg, 7- 

son of Fergus, 11. 

abbot of Benchair, death of, 87. 

Cas, death of, 65. 

abbot of Cenn-Etigh, 211, 217, 225. 



Colman, son of Dunlang, 163. 

. son of Finnbhar, 105. 

Ua Altain, 57. 

Ua Cluasaigh, 61 ; his sailing to Inis-bofinne, 

67 ; his death, 71. 

Uamach, 53. 

Colum-Cille, his story respecting death of Fera- 
dhach, 9 ; his death, 11 ; patron of Cinell Conaill, 
40, n. ; his manner of tonsuring, 21, 113; his 
relics brought to Ireland, 125, n. ; crozier of, 231. 

Comanns, plundering of the, 197. 

Comhgall of Beanchar, 199. 

Comhgan Fota, abbot of Tamlacht, 187. 

Compama, the word, 40, n. 

Conacan, son of Colman, 129. 

Conaing, son of Congal, 61, 63. 

Conall of Cill Scire, 175. 

Crau, 49. 

Men, king of Cinel-Cairbre, 51, 107. 

son of Domhnall, death of, 65. 

Gabhra, 107. 

son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 30, n. 

Ultach, 153. 



Conchadh, king of the Cruithnigh, 59. 
Conchobhar Aired, King of Dal Araidhe, 99. 

son of Donnchadh, 157. 

Conbail, the word, 26, n. 
Condail of the kings, 44, n. 
Congal, 211, 217. 

Caech, 17, 18, n. 

Cennfoda, son of Dunchadh, 71. 

the Senior, king of Ciarraighe, 167. 

son of Fergus of Fanaid, 26, n., 33. 

son of Lorchme, 69. 

son of Maelduin, 93. 

Congalach, son of Conain, 49, 95, 97. 

Conmael, 36, n. 

Connaught plundered by Cearbhall and Dunnchadh, 

195. 

Conneire, or Connor, 66, n. 
Connell, Old, 44, n. 
Connga, the, 223. 

Connla, son of Breasal Breac, race of, 8, ., 9. 
Connmach, abbot of Cluain-mic-nois, 177. 
Conodhar of the Ui-Toirdealbhaigh, 211, 217. 
Coning, son of Godfraidh, 195. 
Corann, battle of, 89, 107. 
Corban's church, 225. 

Corca-Laighde, 8, n., 9 ; interchange of kings of, witli 
those of Osraighe, 8, n., 9 ; O'Driscoll, chief of, 8, n. 
Corcach, or Cork, 169. 
Cormac, son of Cuilenan, 201, 207, 221. 

king of the Deisi, 211, 213, 217, 241. 

son of Dunlang, 139. 

son of Elathach, 165. 

son of Elothach, 185. 



2K2 



2 5 2 



General Index. 



Cormac of Lathrach Briuin, 143. 
son of Mothla, 207, 209. 

son of Maelfothartagh, 69. 

bishop of Saighir, 243. 

Ua Liathain, 175. 

Corrbile, 41. 

Cosgrach of Tigh Telle, 175. 

Crannacht, battle of, 97. 

Crimhthann, son of Cellach, 53. 

Critan, abbot of Benchair, 67. 

Crohane, Co. Tipperary, ancient name of, 134, w. 

Cronan Mac Ua Cualna, abbot of Benchair, 93. 

the Dwarf, abbot of Cluain mic nois, 95. 

Cruachan Claenta, 39. 

Crufait, or Croboy, 125. 

Cruachain, in the Eoganacht-Chaisil, or Cruachan 

Maighe Eamhna, 134, ., 135. 
Cruithne, or Cruithnigh, Picts, 59, ., 87. 
Cu, names compounded with, 36, n., 37, n. 
Cubretan, 36, n., 45. 

Cuganmathair, king of Munster, death of, 65. 
Cuilennan, brother of Cormac, 241. 
Cuimin Finn, abbot of la, 67. 

Foda, death of, 61. 

Cuindles, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, 53. 
Culoingsi, the son of, 51. 
Cumar-na-tri-n-uisce, 139. 
Cumascach, son of Ronan, 69. 
Cummeni of Mughdhorna, 97. 
Cumsudh, abbot of Castlekieran, 187. 

bishop of Cluain-Iraird, 151. 
Curui, abbot of Inis Clothrann, 195. 
Cuthbertus, bishop, 91. 

Dachonna, bishop of Conneire, 53. 
Dalach, abbot of Cluain mic Nois, 153. 
Dalian, son of Mor, 217. 
Danes, the, 131, 133, 173. 

and Lochlanns, the, 117, 159. 

See Lochlanns. 

Darerca, St., extract from life of, 9, n. 

Deilginis-Cualann, 59. 

Deisi, the 169. 

Desgabhair, or South Leinster, 219, w. 

Desies, the, plundered, 157. 

Dianimh, daughter of Duibhghilla, 241. 

Diarmaid, 127, 157, 169, n. 

cemetery of, 205. 

son of Aedh Slaine, death of, 65. 

son of Cearbhall, 213. 

abbot of Cluain-Iraird, 17. 

abbot of Ferns, 187. 

Midhe, son of Airmheadhach Caech, 93. 

king of Osraighe, or Ossory, 241, 237. 

Dicuill, son of Eochaidh, 69. 
Dinertach, abbot of Lothra, 169. 



Dinn-Canainn, 39. 

Dinnrigh, 38, n. 

Disert-Diarmada, or Castledermot, 203. 

Dochuma Chonoc, abbot of Gleann-da-locha, 89. 

Doer, son of Maeltuile, 71. 

Domhnall, son of Aedh, 155, 241. 

Breac, son of Eochaidh Buidhe, 87, 89. 

king of Connaught, death of, 57. 

king of Dun Cearmna, 211, 217, 219. 

grandson of Dunlaing, 157. 

Mac Ailpin, King of the Picts, 153. 

Doiriadh, son of Conla, 51. 
Dongalach Ua Aenghusa, 51. 
Donnagan, son of Cedfad, 185. 
Donnchadh, son of Murchadh, 41, 52, . 

Ua Fiachrach, 51. 

Ua Maelsechlainn, 245. 

Donnbo, 34, n., 38, 47. 
Donnsleibhe, son of, 21. 
Druim-Coepis, battle of, 69. 

Corcain. battle of, 57. 

criaidh, or Drumcree, battle of, 237. 

Fornacht, battle of, 55. 

Drust, King of Alba, 55. 

Duach, King of Osraighe, death of son of, 7. 

Dubhaltach Firbisigh, or Mac Firbisigh, 1, 193. 

Dubhartach Berrach, 177. 

Dubhdabhoirenn, 211, 217, 219. 

Dubhdachrioch, son of Dubhdabhoirenn, 51. 

Dubhdainbher, King of Ard Cianachta, 91. 

Dubhdathuile, abbot of Liath Mochaemhog, 18. 

Dubhdibhderg, son of Dunghal, 107. 

Dubhghlaise, or Douglas, 85. 

Dubhagan, King of Fera-Maighe, 211, 2^7. 

Dubhlach, 217. 

Dubhthach, abbot of Cill-achaidh, 195. 

son of Maeltuile, 185. 

Dudley Firbisse, 1. 
Duibhduin, 69. 
Duncannon, 39, n. 
Dunbolg, or Donard, 189. 
Dun Carman, 218, n., 221. 

Cearmna, 211, n. 

Ceithirn, or Giant's Sconce, 87. 

Dunchadh, 225. 
Dunchadhs, the two, 105. 
Dunchadh, son of Cormac, slain, 57. 

son of Donnghal, 177. 

Muirisge, son of Maeldubh, 89. 

son of Murchadh, 57. 

Ua Ronain, 69. 

Dun Dearmhaigh, 219, n. 

Dungaile, son of Maeltuile, 69. 

Dunghal, King of the Cruithni, or Picts, 87. 

Dun-locha, battle of, 87. 

Dun-Sobhairce, or Dunseverick, 66, ., 195. 



General Index. 



2 53 



Dunlaing, son of Cairbre, 241. 

son of Muireadhach, 185. 

Dun-Neachtain, battle of, 89. 

Easter, the celebration of, 111. 

Ecbertus, death of, 57. 

Eclipse of the sun, 1 63. 

Ederscel, king of Bregia, 53. 

Egnechan, son of Dalach, 199. 

Eidgin Brit, bishop of Cill-dara, 157. 

Eidhen, King of Aidhne, 211, 217. 

Eignech, son of Conaing, 49. 

Elodhach, son of Flann O'Sgigi, 51. 

Emhir's Island, i. e. Ireland, 197. 

Eochaidhlarlaithe, ki ng of Dal- Araidhe, death of, 65. 

Eochaidh Leamhna, 107. 

Eodhus, son of Dunghal, 185. 

Eodus, son of Ailell, slain, 57. 

Eoghan, race of, 18. 

sou of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 30, n. 

Eoganacht Chaisil, 134, n., 147, 155. 
Erannan, son of Criomhthan, 37. 
Escra, a silver drinking vessel, 9, . 
Etheldrida, St., daughter of Anna, 91. 
Ethelfrid, King of Northumbria, 91. 
Ethelfrida, Queen of the Saxons, 227, 247. 
Etholo, King of North Saxons, 245. 

Faelan, 225. 

son of Colman, 87. 

king of Leinster, 55, 69. 

son of Murchadh, 57. 

Senchustal, king of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, 85. 

Faelchu, abbot of la, 53. 

Faelcobhar of Clochar, 103. 

Faha, 11, n. 

Fahan, 20, n. 

Fail, name of Ireland, 48, n. 

Failbhe, abbot of la, death of, 87. 

Falchar, king of Osraighe, 93, 95. 

Feara-Cualan, 212, n. 

Fearchair, son of Maelduin, 97. 

Fearna, or Ferns, 239. 

Fechin of Tobhar, death of, 65. 

Feidhlimidh, son of Maelcothaigh, 103. 

Feimhin, battle of, 7. 

Feradhach, 211, 217. 

Finn, death of, 7, 11. 

Fera Maighe, 155, 169. 

Eos, 35, 72, n. 

Ferdomhnach, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, 197. 
Ferdoragh, baron of Dungannon, 31, w. 
Fergal, king of Erin, 40, n. 

Glut, 49. 

hill of, 41, n. 

Ua Aithechta, 49. 



Fergal Ua Tamnaigh, 49. 

Ferghal Aidhne, king of Connaught, 97. 

son of Maelduin, 21, 23, 29, 49, 89. 

Fergus, son of Aedan, 93. 

of Fan aid, 26, n. 

Forcraidh, 107. 

Fernmhagh, battle of, 57, 99. 

Fersat, battle of, 69. 

Ferta Cairech, or Fertach, 155. 

Fethghna, comharba of Patrick, 127, 141, 149. 

Fiachna, 17. 

Fiach Ua Ugfadain, of Denbis, 208, n. 

Fianamhail, son of Maeltuile, king of Leinster, 87, 

95. 

son of Maenach, 97. 

Fiannamhail, son of Oisen, 99, 101. 

Fidhgal, son of Fithchellach, 51. 

Fidh-Gaible, wood of, 48, n. 

Fincheallach, abbot of Fearna, 153. 

Finech and Rechtin, 239. 

Finguine, son of Cu-gan-mathair, 97. 

Finian of Cluain-caein, 153. 

Finn, 225. 

Finnachta, son of Dunchadh, 23 ; victor in battle of 

Aircelltair, 71 ; beginning of his reign, ib. ; stories 

told respecting, 71, seq. ; battle between him and 

Bee Boirche, 87; his murder, 95. 
Finnglais, 175. 
Finnian, festival of, 3?, n. 
Finntan Ua Eachach, 11. 
Firbisse, Dudley, 1. 
Fithchellach, sou of Flann, 93. 
Flaithbhertach, abbot of Inis-Cathaigh, 201. 
son of Inmainen, or lonmainen, 205-7, 215, 

245. 

son of Loinsech, 55, 57, 59. 

son of Niall, 129. 

Flaitheamhail, son of Dluthach, 51. 
Flaithemh, son of Faelcbar, 195. 
Flaithir, a poet, 67. 

Flanna, daughter of king of Osraighe, 179. 
Flann, son of Aedh Odlibha, 51. 

abbot of Benchair, 55. 

king of Cianachta, 141, 143,157, 171. 

son of Conang, 177. 

son of Domhnall, 199. 

king of Erin, 213, 219, 237. 

Fiona, son of Ossa, 111, 

son of Irghalach, 51. 

son of Irthuile, 55. 

son of Laegh, 243. 

son of Maelsechlainn. See Flann Sionua. 

Sinna Ua Colla, abbot of Cluain-mic-nois, 

death of, 59. 

Sionna, son of Maelsechlainn, 165, 201, 205, 



211, 237. 



254 



General Index. 



Flann, son of Tighernan, 237. 
Fochard-Muirtheimhne, 59. 
Fogartach, son of Geirtide, 109. 

son of Niall, 51. 

son of Tolarg, 245. 

Ua Cernaigh, 20, n., 21, 53. 

son of Suibhne, 211, 217. 

Foichsechan, 95. 
Follamhan, son of Oilell, 213. 
Forannan, abbot of Ard-Macha, 127. 

abbot of Cill-dara, 99. 

Forbasach, 49. 

Forod Geilsheirce, 221. 

Fortuatha, 212, n. 

Foirtrenn, or Pictland, 159, 229. 

Fothain, 11, n. 

Fotharta-Fea, 212, n, 

tire, 163. 

Frighrenn, 217. 

Frigrinn, Ailech, 23, n. 

Frosach, Niall, 21. 

Frosts, remarkable, 143. 

Furadhran, prior of Cill-achaidh, 199. 

Gabhorchenn, 91. 

Gabhran, or Gowran, 137, 191. 

Gaditanean Strai'ts, 161. 

Gaeidhil, or Scoti, 125. 

Gaeithing, son of Ughran, 24*1. 

Gaimide of Lughmhagh, 97. 

Gaithin, son of, 177. 

Gall Craibhtheach, 43, n. 

Gall-Gaeidbil, or Dano-Irish, 129, 139, 141, 233. 

Gall of Lilcach, 57. 

Galls of Erin, 135, 157, 159. 

the Black and the Fair, 245. 
Gelsherc, daughter of Deirill, 221. 
Gerald, Pontifex of Mayo, death of, 59. 
Geran, son of Diocosc, 187. 
Gilla-na-naerah, or Nehemias, 1, n. 
Glais Chuilg, 1 09. 
Glaisin, son of Uisin, 199. 
Gleann na nGealt, 41, . 
Glifit, 131. 

Gnathnat, abbess of Cill-dara, 93. 
Gnia, abbot of Daimhliag-fianain, 197. 
Gnim Cinnsiolla, 169. 
Goffridh, 195. 

Gormflaith, daughter of Flann, 223. 
Gormlaith, Queen of Teamhar, 153. 
Greallach-Dollaidh, 95. 
Greenan Ely, 23, n. 
Gregory the Great, 62, n. 
Guaire Aidhne, death of, 63. 
Guaire, son of Dubhdabhoirenn, 175. 
Gwyned, 155. 



Haimar, the Lochlann, 173. 
Hingamund, 227- 
Hona, chief of the Lochlanns, 145. 
Horm, lord of the Danes, 121, 131. 
Hugh of Leinster, 42, n. 
Huidhrine of Maghbile, 95. 

la, family of, 21. 

largna, chief of the Lochlanns, 119, 123. 
Imblech-Phich, or Imleach Fich, battle of, 91, 103. 
Imhar, 127, 171, 195. 

Conung, 229. 

Imleach, or Emly, 139. 

Immolate, signification of the word, 16, n. 

Inis-bo-finne, 67, n. 

Breoghain, battle of, 55. 

an Ghaill, 44, d. 

mac Nesain, or Ireland's Eye, 105. 

Tarbhna, 139. 

Indrechtach, abbot of Hy, 125, 127. 

son of Dobhailen, abbot of Bangor, 199. 

son of Tadhg, 51. 

son of Muiredhach, 63. 

Inneirghe, son of Duibhgilla, 213, 219. 

Innis-Fail, ancient name of Ireland, 35, . 

Innsi Ore, 159. 

Irgalach, son of, slain, 57. 

Irgalach, son of Conaing, 101, 133, 105. 

Jakes, meaning of the word, 12, n. 
Jewels. See Valuables. 
Justinian II., 99, n. 

Killineer, near Drogheda, 183. 
Kill-Luaithrinne, 32, n. 
Kinnaweer, 28, n. 
Knockfarrell, 41, n. 

Lachtnan, son of Cearnach, 245. 

Laeighis, or Leix, 212, n, 

Laidbgnen, king of Ui Cinnselaigh, 53. 

Lairgnen, 153. 

Lann, daughter of Dunlaing, 129, 139, 157, 165. 

Legionum Castra, 233, . 

Leicester, confounded with Chester, 232, n. 

Leinster devastated by the Ui Neill, 22, n. 

Leithglinn, or Leighlin, 149. 

Leix, the territory called, 165, n. 

Leo the emperor (i. e. Leo III.), 21 ; died, 55, 

56, n. 

Leoghain (or Ua Eoghain) Fergus, 51. 
Letaitliech, son of Cucarat, 49. 
Lethchaech, 50, n. 
Leth-Chuinn, 34, n. 
Liag-Maelain, battle of, 87. 
Liamhain, or Dunlavan, 219, n. 



General Index. 



2 55 



Lilcach, 43, n. 
Linn-Duachaill, 120, n. 
Loch Cend, 143. 

Cirae, 109. 

Eachach, or Loch Neagh, 99. 

Feabhail, or Loch Foyle, 157. 

Gabhah-, 71, n. 

Laeigh, 127. 

Leibhinn, or Lough Leane, 169. 

Ri, or Ribh, 197. 

Lochlanns, or Norwegians, 115, M., 129, 131, 133, 

145, 153, 155, 157, 159, 163, 165, 167, 185, 

195, 197, 199, 227, 233, 245, 247. 
Loichine Menn, abbot of Kildare, 97. 
Loingsech, son of Aengus, 33, 97, 105, 107. 

son of Feillen, 197. 

victor in battle of Tulach-ard, 69. 

Lorcan, king of Feara Cualanii, 213, 219. 

son of Cathal, 157. 

son of Donchadh, 245. 

Luaithrin, the virgin, 32, n. 

Luan, meaning of the word, 85, n. 

Luchrinna, St., 32, n. 

Luimnech, or Limerick, 147. 

Lunatics in Ireland, belief respecting, 41, . 

Lusca, oratory of, 143. 

Lynch, Rev. John, 1. 

'Mac Ailerain, of Cill-ruaidh, 53. 

Andaighe, great oratory of, 185. 

Concumbri, death of, 57. 

Conmella, Laidhcenn, 55. 

Erca, son of Maelduin, 51. 

Feimhin, 6, n. 

Giallain, 135. 

Onchon, death of, 57. 

Radgund, 109. 

Madudan, 211, 217. 

Maelbrighde, son of Maeldomhnach, 243. 

son of Tornan, 243. 

Maelcaich, son of Scandal, death of, 67. 
Maelchallan, son of Ferghal, 213, 219. 
Maelciarain, 167, 183, 185. 
Maelcobha, 16, n. 
Maelcron, son of Muireadhach, 139. 
Maelduin, son of Aedh, 175. 

Beg, son of Fergus Conainn, 61. 

son of Feradach, slain, 57. 

son of Maelfithrigh, 87. 

Maelfeichine, 125. 

Maelfothartaigh, king of the Airghialls, 97. 

son of Ron an, 65. 

son of Suibhne, 69. 

Maelguala, king of Munster or Cashel, 137, 141. 
Maelmaedhog, chief of Druin-mor, 245. 
Mael-mic-Failbhe, 36, n. 



Maelmithidh, son of Flannagan, 245. 
Maelmona, the son of, 51. 
Maelmordha, chief of Tir-da glas, 241-3. 
Maelmuadh, 211, 217. 

son of Finnachta, king of Airthir-Liffe, 195. 

son of Donchadh, 171. 

Maelmuirtheimhne, son of Maelbrighde, 171. 
Maelodhar, abbot of Devenish, 187. 

OTindridh, chief physician of Erin, 153. 

Maclpatraic, son of Flathrai, 245. 

Mael-petair, abbot of Tir-da-ghlas, 157. 

Maelpoil, chief of Sruthair Giv-iire, 199. 

Maelruanaidh, son of Niall, 241. 

Maelrubha, son of, 21. 

Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaigh, 115, 116, 123, 

127, 129, 135, 141, 147, 151, 179. 
Maeltuile, abbot of Imleach Jobhair, 151. 
Maenach, son of Conmach, 157. 

son of Finghin, death of, 63. 

son of Siadhal, 203, 215. 

Maenghal, abbot of Bangor, 193. 

bishop of Kildare, 189. 

abbot of Fobhar, 149. 

Magh Ailbhe, or Ballaghmoon, battle of, 207, 

239. 

Adhair, 217. 

Breagh, 21, 23. 

Cuillinn, 109 

Feinihin, 155. 

Luirg, 197. 

Macha, or the Moy, 147. 

Muirtheimhne, 97. 

Nairbh, 214, n. 

Raighne, east of, plundered, 239. 

Leine, 38, n. 

Mainchine, bishop of Leithghlin, 163. 

Mairge, or Slievemarague, 219, n. 

Maistin, battle of, 55. 

Mannan, the Isle of Man, battle of, 7, 7, n. 

Matodan, king of Uladh, 123, 127, 149. 

Mauritani, or Moors, 161, 163. 

Meath plundered by Aedh, 151. 

Mennbairenn, abbot of Achadh-bo, 97. 

Mencossach, son of Gammach, 51. 

Mindroichet, 159. 

MochuaofBalla, 95. 

Modichu, son of Amairgin, 43. 

Molaisse of Leithglinn, 177. 

Moling Luchra, 23, 33, 34, w., 77, seq., 97. 

Mona Conain, or Anglesea, 155. 

Mughain, lines on battle of, 217. 

Mughron, son of Sochlachan, 225. 

Muireadhach, son of Cathal, 177. 

son of Bran, 189. 

son of Domhnall, 199. 

son of Indrechtach, 59. 



General Index. 



Muireadhach, son of Maelduin, 155. 

Muiregan, or Huirigen, son of Diarmaid, king of 

Naas, 155, 225. 

Muirenn, successor of Brighit, 215. 
Muirghes, son of Conall, 49. 

son of Maelduin, 99. 

Muirghius, anchorite of Ard-Macha, 153. 

Mura Othna, St., 12, ., 15, ., 40, . 

Murchadh, son of Bran, king of Leinster, 21, 23, 

41, 45, 49, 55. 
Muredhach, the sons of, 51. 

Nanny Water, the, 118, n. 
Nas, now Naas, 155, 223, 225. 
Nehemias Mac Egan, 1. 

son of Cearnach, 103. 

Nia, son of Cormac, 51. 
Niall Frosach, 21, ., 23. 

Glundubh, 223, 243. 

son of Murghes, 51. 

of the Nine Hostages, 15, n. 

Niallan, bishop of Slaine, 183. 
Niar, 141. 

Northmen, or Gall-Gaeidhil, 129, 139, 143. 
Norwegians, or Lochlanns, 115, n. 
Nuada, son of Dubhdunchuire, 51. 
Nuada Uirc, king of Gull and Irgull, 49. 
Nuadhat, the grandsons of, 51. 
Nui, the Danish war-cry, 165, n. 

Odhbha, 50, n. 
Odolbh Micle, 177. 

O'Driscoll, chief of Corca-Laighde, 8, . 
Oeghedchar, bishop of Oendruim, death of, 61. 
O'Gaman, battle of, 63. 

Oigedhchair, abbot of Coindeire (Connor), 175. 
Oilell, son of Feradhach, 49. 
Oisle, son of, king of the Lochlanns, 171. 
Osraighe, or Ossory, plundered by the Deisi, 241 ; 
by the Lochlanns, 155, 245 ; by Rodolph, 129. 

Dnach, king of. See Duach. 

extent of diocese of, 86, n. 

Ossa, king of the Saxons, 69. 

Othain Mura, or Othain mor, 11, 20, n. 

Otter, Earl of the Pagans, 247. 

son of largna, 231. 

Owen, race of, 15, n. 

Paganism, relapses into, 127. 

Pagans and Saxons, battle between, 245. 

Patrick, St., invoked by the Danes, 121. 

Peter the apostle, tonsure of, 21, 111. 

Picts of Dalaradia, 87, n. 

Plague, deaths of Blathmac and Diarmaid by, 65. 

Pope of Rome, never an Irishman, 62. n. 

Port-Lairge, 147. 



Port-Manann, 167. 

Prediction, Ferghal's, concerning his sons, 23. 

R. E., meaning of the letters, 71, n. 

Rath-Aedha, or Rahugh, 141. 

Rath-Aedhain, or Ferns, 239. 

Rathmor of Magh-line, battle of, 87. 

Raghnall, son of Albdan, 159. 

Raighne, fair of, 149. 

Rechtabhra, son of Cumascach Ua Maine, 51. 

Rechtin, 239. 

Regner Lodbrok, 124, n. 

Riagail of Bennchair, 111. 

Robhartach, bishop of Finnglais, 175. 

of Dearmhach, 197. 

Roderick, king of the Britons, 135. 

Rodlaibh, the fleet of, 153. 

Rodolph, 129. 

Roisene, abbot of Corcach, or Cork, 89. 

Ronan, king of Leinster, story of his wife, 65. 

Ross, diocese of, 8, n. 

Rumaun, 53. 

Saxons, the, 89, 130, ., 155, 173, 233, 245. 

Scandinavian nations, ferocity of, 123, n. 

Scotland, Albain a name of, 40, n. 

Sebhdan, daughter of Core, 59. 

Sechnasach, son of Blathmac, 67, 69. 

Segine, bishop of Ard-macha, 91. 

Segonan, son of Conang, 153. 

Seigine, abbot of Benchar, 63. 

Sgatna, the word, 169. 

Shields, appearance of miraculous, 99. 

Showers, miraculous, 21. 

Simon Magus, tonsure of, 21, 113. 

Sinainn, or Shannon, 76, n. 

Sitric, grandson of Imhar, 245. 

Slaine, or Slaney, 239. 

Slebhte, or Sleaty, 99, 171. 

Sliabh-Mairge, or Slievemarague, 149, 205. 

Slighe-Asail, 76, n. 

Sloighedach Ua Raithnen, 177. 

Snanah Aighnech, or Carlingford Lough, 120, n. 

Snoring, 24, n. 

Sodhomna, bishop of Slaine, 143. 

Spain, incursion into, by Scandinavians, 159. 

Srath-cluaide, siege of, 193 ; plundered, 247. 

Sruthair, or Shrule, 171. 

Star, miraculous, seen, 16, n. 

Steersman, Irish word for, 116, n. 

Suairlech, comharba of Finian, 143. 

Suairlech, 127. 

of Inedhnen, 187. 

Suibhne, abbot of Ard-Macha, death of, 57. 

son of Conghalach, 49. 

abbot of Lis-mor, 143. 



General Index. 



2 57 



Suibbne, son of Maelumha, 89. 

Menn, 17, 18, n. 

Suitheman, son of Arthur, 141. 

Sundays, no work performed by Lochlanns on, 185. 

Tadhg, son of Aigthide, 51. 

son of Diarmaid, 157. 

son of Faelan, 211, 219. 

son of Failbhe, 97. 

king of Munster, 32, . 

Tailltin, 20, n. 

Tairchealtach Mac na Cearta, 137. 

Teamhair, the king of, and Horm, 135. 

Teltown, 20, n. 

Temhenan, king of Ui-Deaghaidh, 213, 219. 

Theodosius III., 21. 

Three Plains, plundering of the men of the, 197. 

Tiberius A psimarus, 105. 

Tibraide, successor of Ailbhe of Emly, 205, 243. 

bishop of Cluain-eidhnach, 245. 

Tighernach, king of Breagh, 119, 163. 
Tigh Telle, 175. 

Tipraide Banbhan, abbot of Tir-da-ghlas, 151; 
Tir-Chonaill, whence named, 30, . 
Tir-da-ghlas, abbacy of, 157. 
Tir-Eoghain, whence named, 30, n. 
Tonsure of Peter the apostle, 21, ., 111. 
Tonsuring of clerks in Erin, 111. 
Tomrar the Earl, 163, 165, 167. 
TomrirTorra, chief of the Lochlanns, 145. 
Tribute, Boromean, 22, n. 
Tuaim-snamha, king of Osraighe, 85. 

Tenbath, 38, . 

Tualaith, daughter of Cathal, 57. 

Tuath Inbhir, 225. 

Tuathal, abbot of Dun Caillen, 163. 

son of Morgan, death of, 65. 

Techtmhar, imposes Borumha, 77, . 

son of Ugaire, 213. 

Tuenoc, son of Fintan, death of, 65. 
Tulach-ird, battle of, 69. 
Turgesius, 124, ., 169, n. 

Ua Aithechta, Fergal, 49. 
Altain, Colman, 57. 



Ua Brachaidhe, Suedhgus Derg, 55. 

Cluasaigh, Colman, 61. 

Colla, Flann Sinn, 59. 

Daimine, Duibhdil, 51. 

Domhnaill, Focarta, 51. 

Eoghan (or Leoghain), Fergus, 51. 

Fiachrach, Donnchadh, 51. 

Cernaigh, Fogartach, 20, . 

Uallachan, son of Cathal, 239. 
Ua Maelcaichs, the two,. 51. 

Maighleine, 43. 

Maithe, Aidhgen, 49. 

Tamhnaigh, 49. 

Ugaire of Dun Dearmhaigh, 219. 

son of Oilell, 239. 

Ughran, son of Cennedigh, 213, 219. 
Ui Aenghusa, 157. 

. Bairche, 212, n. 

Deaghaidh, 212, n. 

Drona, 212, n., 239. 

Felmedha, or Ballaghkeen, 199. 

Liathain, 211, n. 

Maccaile, or Imokilly, 199. 

Muireadhaigh, 213, n. 

Niallain, 155. 

Neill, northern, race of the, 15, n. ; devastate 

Leinster, 22, n, 

Neill, southern, Colman Beg, chief of, 7. 

Tuirtre, the tribe of the, 68, n. 

Toirdealbhaigh, the tribe, 212, n. 

Uille-, 225. 

Uladh, plundering of, by Aedh, 129. 

Ulbh, 223. 

Ultan, son of Dicolla, 87. 

son of Ernin, 63. 

Umhaill, 127. 
Urchraithe Ua hOssin, 91. 

Valuables, Feradhach's, 9, 10, n. 

meaning of the word, 9, n. 

Vessels, silver drinking, 9. 

Wonders, three, in Irish romantic stories, 47, . 
Zain, chief of the Lochlanns, 119, 123. 





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