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Colonel- Malcolm • 

OF POLTALLOCH • 




CAMPBELL 
COLLECTION 



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aNNoLa Rioshachca eiueaNN. 




ANNALS 



OF 



THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND, 

BY THE FOUR MASTERS, 

FROM 

THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE YEAR 1616. 

EDHED JEOM MSS. IN THE UBRAEY OF THE KOYAL IMSH ACADEMY AND OP TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN, WITH 

A TEANSLATION, AND COPIOUS NOTES, 

BY JOHN O'DONOVAN, LLD., M.RI.A., 

BAEEISTEE AT LAW. 



" Oliin Begibus parebant, nunc per Principea factionibos et studiis trahuntur : nee aliud adversns validissimas gentea 
pro nobis utilias, qnam quod in commune non consulunt. Karus duabos tribusve civitatibus ad propulsandum commune 
periculnm conventus : ita dum singuli pugnant universi vincuntur." — Tacitus, Agricola, c. 12. 



SECOND EDITION. 

VOL. YL 

DUBLIN: 
HODGES, SMITH, AND CO., GRAFTON-STREET. 

BOOKSELLERS TO THE UNIVERSITY. 

1856. 



# 



DItBUN : 

Prinicti at i^t anibersitQ ^rcss, 

BT H. a. OILL. 



QNMala Rioghachca emeaNw. 



aN>iaLa Rioshachca emeaNW 



aOlS CRIOSU, 1589. 
Qoip Cpioy>c, mile, cuicc ceo, occmojac, anaof. 

I I IQ^UlDniT? cuconnacc mac conconnacc (.1. an comapba), mic concon- 
nacc, mic bjiiain, mic pi lip mic comaip 00 ecc 17 lun cijfpna ap cio6nacal 
Deaccailpib,"] DollarhnaiB oampaib,"] Danpabaib faoi pojlamca ppiocnamac 
illaiDin ■] 1 ngaoiDeilcc eipibe. lap necc megui&ip cuconnacc po bab Doijld 
concobap puab mac concobaip mejui&ip ^omab laip ci jeapnap ripe a]\ aoi 
pinnpipeacca. 6d pf6 do puimenpac an luce naile jomab e mac mejuibip 
(aob)pobab cijeapna ofip a acap, co mbarap 1 pppicbeapc ppi a poile arfilaib 
pm. Ro paofb ao6 cfcca Dionnpaijib a bpacap Domnall mac ao6a mic TTlaj- 
nupa uf bomnaill (56 Da pala fcoppa pia pin) Dia cumgib paip ceacc Dia 
pupcacc "] Dia poipicin arhail bd jpepac Id a pinDpfpaib conjnarh Id pliocc 
pilip mic comaip meguibip. Ni bai do cenel cconaill an can pin nee ap ap 
mo a paoileccam Dia cabaip indp an Domnall hi pm uaip bd banjlonn "] ba 
cuaipccnij caca eipiurh, 1 ni clop a Dpuim ppi a eccpaiccib iccip. Nip bo 
bfiplfoac po ppeccpaD puijle na cceaccaD pin Id Domnall uaip po cionoil 

'' Servants. — The Irish anpaoa is the same as hatha his horse and his two boyes and two 

the Latin calones. They were the attendants hackeneys, or one hackeney and two chieflFe 

on the gallowglasses. Sir Anthony Sentleger horse at the leste." — See Battle of Magh-Rath, 

writes in 1543 : p. 350. 

" Ther ys no horseman of this lande, but he " General in battle This means nothing more 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKELAND. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1589. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand Jive hundred eighty-nine. 

M-AGUIRE (Cuconnaught, the son of Cuconnaught, namely, tlie Coarb, son 
of Cuconnaught, son of Brian, son of PhUip, son of Thomas), died on the 17th 
of June. He was [truly] a lord in his munificence towards churches, ollaves, 
soldiers, and servants''; and a learned and studious adept in Latin and Irish. 
After the death of Maguire (Cuconnaught), Conor Roe, the son of Conor 
Maguire, thought that the lordship of the country should be his, by reason of 
his seniority ; while the other party thought that Hugh, son of [the deceased] 
Maguire, should be lord after his father ; so that they were thus in opposition 
to each other. Hugh sent messengers to his relative, Donnell, the son of Hugh, 
son of Manus O'Donnell (although they had previously quarrelled), to request 
of him to come to his aid and assistance, as it had been usual with his ancestors 
to aid the descendants of Philip, the son of Thomas Maguire. There was not 
at this time any one of the Kinel-Connell from whom he [Hugh] expected more 
assistance than from this Donnell, for he was a mighty champion, and a general 
in battle''; and it was never heard that he had at any time" turned his back on 
his enemies. The words of the messengers were treated with indifference by 
Donnell, for he immediately mustered all the forces under his command, and 

than that he was wont to lead his father's forces, signifies " indeed," and sometimes " at all," as 
* At any time. — The word iccip sometimes in this instance. 

11 F 2 



1876 



awwaca Rio^liachca eiReaNH. 



[1589. 



y»ibe ina nibaof ina curhang poceooip,-] po paoib a ceacca Do pi6ip 50 haoD 
Dia pa6 ppip bfic pop a ccionn 05 pceir jabpa an cpainpiD arhail ap oeine 
conicpab. Lumpium jan eappna&ao san eppuipeac cpm cuaic luipcc let hop 
loca hepne 50 painic jup an maijin perhpaice. Uainic concobap pua6 co 
maicibh uaccaip pfpmanac an Id piam gup an lonaD cceona, "| po paccaib a 
lonncomapDa .1. Ifcapp in du pin po 6di^ anma njeapna do jaipm oe ap a 
bapach. Oo piacc aoD jup an lonab epbalca hipin,-] puaip Dorfinall 6 Dortinaill 
ap a cionn. lap ppiop pccel Do Dorhnall jup bo he Concobap po paccaib an 
comapDa perhebeprmap acbepc nd bioD bd DepiDe, 1 50 maD e ao6 no biab 
1 nionab a acap conab ann pin po gaipeab a jaipm placa p6 ceDoip Daob 
inasuibip Id Dorhnall ua nDorhnaill, -) Id maicib a cfpe. 

mdg margariina Roppa mac aipr, mic bpiain na moiceipje, mic Remamn 
mic jlaipne Decc. bpian mac aoba oicc, mic aoba, mic Sfain buibe cijeapna 
Daprpaije oipjiall,-] eirhrp macconulab cijeapna pfpnmaije,-] Deapbpacaip 



'' Precisely, an cpainpi&. This phrase occurs 
very frequently in the sense of precisely, exactly, 
punctually. — See note "", under the year 1586, 
p. 1856, and note '', under 1588, p. 1866, supra. 

' Sciath-Ghabhra. — This place is shewn on an 
old map in the State Papers' Office, London, 
under the name of Skea Castle, situated near 
the east side of the Upper Lough Erne, to the 
south-east of Enniskillen. The site of this 
castle is still pointed out at the little town of 
Lisnaskea, in the barony of Magherastephena, in 
Fermanagh, and about nine miles to the south- 
east of Enniskillen. 

'' One slipper, lear-app, i. e. one of a pair of 
slippers: " Q|xi .1. bpoja." — O'Clery. When 
lear, which literally means half, is thus pre- 
fixed, it signifies " one of two," such as one ear, 
one eye, one leg, one hand, one foot, one cheek, 
one horn, one shoe. 

"■ Profil — " 6d .1. ma\i:."—0'Clery. 

' Dartry- Oriel, i. e. the barony of Dartry, in 
the west of the county of Monaghan. It is more 
usually called Dartry-Coininnsi, from the town- 
land of Coninish, now divided into several sub- 
denominations. It looks very strange that the 



Four Masters should have told us nothing about 
the fate of Hugh Roe Mac Mahon, who was the 
brother and heir of the Rossa mentioned in the 
text, and of whom local tradition remembers so 
much. Camden, ad ann. 1590, Fynes Moryson, 
and Cox, have given very impartial accounts of 
the abominable treatment which this Hugh re- 
ceived from the Lord Deputy, Sir William Fitz- 
William. The Editor is tempted to lay before 
the reader the following account of this horrid 
transaction, — which was the main cause of the 
frightful war which ensued, — as written by 
Fynes Moryson, who fairly translates Camden, 
adding a little of his own feelings, which are 
admirable, considering the murderous age in 
which he lived, and the virulent anti-Irish feel- 
ings of the class to which he belonged : 

" About this time Mac Mahown, chieftain of 
Monaghan, died, who in his life-time had sur- 
rendered this his country, held by tanistry the 
Irish law, into her Majesty's hands, and received 
a re-grant thereof under the broad seal of Eng- 
land, to him and his heirs males, and for default 
of such, to his brother, Hugh Roe Mac Mahown, 
with other remainders. And this man dying 



1589.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM- OF IRELAND. 



1877 



sent back his messengers to Hugh, to desire him to meet him precisely'' at 
Sciath-Ghabhra," with all possible expedition. He then proceeded, without 
dallying or delaying, through the territory of Lurg, and along the margin of 
Lough Erne, until he arrived at the aforesaid place. Conor Roe and the chiefs 
of the upper part of Fermanagh had gone on the day before to the same place, 
and there left a token (namely, one slipper") that the name of lord should be 
conferred on him on the day following. Hugh arrived at that particvdar place 
"[appointed], and found Donnell O'Donnell there before him. When Donnell 
received inteUigence that it was Conor that had left the token which we have 
before mentioned, he said that it should not profit' him, for that Hugh should 
be [installed] in the place of his father ; upon which Hugh was immediately 
nominated chief by Donnell O'Donnell and the chieftains of his country. , 

Mac Mahon (Rossa, the son of Art, son of Brian of the Early Rising, son of 
Redmond, son of Glasny) died ; upon which Brian, the son of Hugh Oge, son 
of Hugh, son of John Boy, Lord of Dartry-OrieF, and Ever, son of Cu-Uladh, 



without heirs males, his said brother came up 
to the state that he might be settled in his in- 
heritance, hoping to be countenanced and che- 
rished as Her Majesty's Patentee ; but he found 
(as the Irish say) that he could not be admitted 
till he had promised to give about six hundred 
cows (for such and no other are the Irish bribes). 
After[wards] he was imprisoned (the Irish say 
for failing in part of this payment) and within 
a few days again inlarged ; with promise that 
the Lord Deputy himself would go settle him 
ill his country of Monaghan, whither his Lord- 
ship took his jorney shortly after, with him in 
his company. At their first arrival, the gen- 
tleman was clapt in bolts, and within two days 
after, indicted, arraigned, and executed at his 
own house ; all done (as the Irish said) by such 
officers as 'the Lord Deputy carried with him 
for that purpose. The Irish said he was found 
guilty by a jury of soldiers" ['gregariorum mi- 
litum viliumque hominum judiuio subjecit.' — 
Camden], "but no gentlemen or freeholders ; and 
that of them four English soldiers were sufFered 



to go and come at pleasure, but the others, being 
Irish kerne, were kept straight, and starved till 
they found him guilty. The treason for which 
he was condemned was because, some two years 
before, he, pretending a rent due unto him out 
of the Femey, upon that pretence levied forces, 
and so marching into the Femey in a warlike 
manner, made a distress for the same (which by 
the English law may perhaps be treason, but 
in that country, never before subject to law, it 
was thought no rare thing nor great offence).. 
The greater part of the country was divided be- 
tween four gentlemen of that name, under a 
yearly rent to the Queen, and (as they said) not 
without payment of a good fine underhand. The 
Marshal, Sir Henry Bagnol, had part of the 
country ; Captain Henslowe was made seneschal 
of the country, and had the gentleman's chief 
house, with a portion of land ; and to divers 
others smaller portions of land were assigned ; 
and the Irish spared not to say, that these men 
were all the contrivers of his" [Mac Mahon's] 
" death<and that every one paid something" [to 



1878 



aNHata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1589. 



an CI pn cfpDa .1. ao6 pua6 00 bfir ace impfpam pe poile pa cijeapnap na 

cfpe. 

eiinopa iTi^fn mpla ofpinuTTian .1. Seinup mac Sfam, uiic comaip, mic 
Semuip mic jfpoicc bfn 111 puaipc, -| bfn mfic mpla upmuman .1. eoiiapo mac 
Semuip mic piapaip puaib mic Semaip, mic emainn Do ecc. 

Concaofp conncae an cldip una ingfii roippoealbaij mic mnipceapcaij mic 
Domnaill mic caiDcc, mic coippDealbaij, mic mupchaib na paicnije, bfn lapla 
cuaomurhan .1. Concobap mac Donnchaib, mic concobaip, mic coippbealBai^ 
mic caibcc ui bpiain do ecc pan ccldp mop. 

Oomnall maj congail eppcop pdra boc Decc 29 Sepcembep. 

UoippOealbac mac caiDcc, mic concobaip mic coippDealbaij mic caibcc 
ui bpiain 6 bel ara an corhpaic Decc. Ro bab Damna eccaofne an ci cfpDa 
annpm. 

CaDcc an DfinaiD mac Donncliaib mic muipceapcaij, mic Donnchaib, mic 
muipceapcaij, mic anballaij pmnpeap cuaire na peapna (.1. copcabaipcinD), 
1 pleacca an ballaij Decc, nip cin 1 ccopp ina coimpe a comcalma ina com- 
pocpaib. 

the Lord Deputy] " for his share. Hereupon 
the Irish of that name, besides the former allega- 
tions, exclaimed that their kinsman was treache- 
rously executed to entitle the Queen to his land, 
and to extinguish the name of Mac Mahown, and 
that his substance was divided between the Lord 
Deputy and the Marshal; yea, that a pardon 
was offered to one of the jury for his son, being 
in danger of the law, upon condition that he 
would consent to find this his kinsman guilty. 

" Great part of these exclamations were con- 
tained in a complaint exhibited against the Lord 
Deputy, after his return into England, to the 
Lords of her Majesty's Council, about the end 
of the year 1595, in the name of Mac Guire 
and Ever Mac Cooly (one of the Mac Mahowns, 
and chief over the Irish in the Ferney)" Edi- 
tion of 1735, vol. i. pp. 24, 25. 

The guilt of Fitz- William is rendered still 
darker by the fact lately published from the 
State Papers by Mr. Shirley (Account of Far- 



ney, p. 88, 91, 92, 98), that in his correspon- 
dence with Burghley he expresses his anxiety 
for a, speedy resolution of Mac Mahon's case, 
" That either the olde Mac Mahon maze be par- 
doned and sett at libertie, or a new one made, 
or that title extinguished and the territory de- 
vided." The reader will at once perceive the 
wickedness of Fitz- William's proposal to make 
a new Mac Mahon, when he considers that Hugh 
Roe was his brother's heir, according to the 
law of England, and that large bribes had been 
offered to the corrupt Chief-Governor to raise 
" one Brien Mac Hugh Oge" to the chieftain- 
ship. On the 2nd of March, 1589, Fitz- Wil- 
liam wrote to Burghley and the Lords of the 
Council a long letter in which he mentions this 
fact as follows: " Some indede attempted me for 
him" [Brien Mac Hugh Oge] " with large 
offers ; but as I never benefitted myself by the 
admission of him that is now in durance, so did 
I meane to convert his fall wholie to the proffit 



1.589.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1879 



Lord of Farney, and the brother of the deceased, i. e. Hugh Roe, were con- 
tending with each other about the lordship of the territory. 

Elenora, the daughter of the Earl of Desmond (i. e. of James, the son of 
John, son of Thomas, son of James, son of Garrett), who -had been the wife of 
O'Rourke, and [afterwards] of the son of the Earl of Desmond (i. e. of Edward, 
the son of James, son of Pierce Roe, son of James, son of Edmond), died. 

The Countess of the county of Clare, Una, the daughter of Turlough, son 
of Murtough, son of Donnell, son of Teige, son of Turlough, son of Murrough 
na-Raithnighe, and wife of the Earl of Thomond, i. e. of Conor, son of Donough, 
son of Conor, son of Turlough, son of Teige O'Brien, died at Clare-more^. 

Donnell Mag Congai?, Bishop of Raphoe, died on the 29th of September. 

Turlough, the son of Teige, son of Conor, son of Turlough, son of Teige 
O'Brien of Bel-atha-an-chomraic', died ; and his death was the cause of great 
lamentation. 

Teige-an-Duna, the son of Donough, son of Murtough, son of Donough, son of 
Murtough, son of Ballagh, the senior \oi the Mac Mahons] of Tuath-ha-Fearna" 
(i. e. of Corca-Bhaiscinn'), and of Sliocht-an-Bhallaigh, died. There lived not 
in his neighbourhood in his time so brave a man. 



of her Majestie and good of this state, nothing 
regarding mine owne privat: I -speak it in the 
presence of God by whom I hope to be saved !" — 
Accouiii of Farney, p. 89. 

8 Clare-more, i. e. the town of Clare (near 
Ennis), from which the county was named. 

'' Donnell Mag Congail. — He assisted at the 
Council of Trent in 1563, and died at Cealla 
Beaga, now Killybegs, inihe west of the coimty 

of Donegal, in this year See Harris's edition 

of Ware's Bishops, p. 275. The name Mag 
Congail is now common in the county of Done- 
gal, and anglicised Magonigle. 

' Bel-atha-an-chomJiraic, i. e. mouth of the 
ford of the confluence, now Ballycorick, a town- 
land situated on the confines of the baronies of 
Clonderalaw and Islands, in the county of Clare. 
— See the Ordnance map of that county, sheet 
50. There is a family of the O'Briens still liv- 
ing at this place who inherit a small estate. 



^ Tuath-na-fearna, L e. the district of the 
alder, a- district coextensive with the parish of 
Kildysart, in the barony of Clonderalaw, and 
county of Clare. The Rev. Dr. Kenny, of Kil- 
rush, in a letter to the Editor, dated 6th April, 
1847, states that " the residents never call the 
parish of Kildysart, in the vernacular, by any 
other name than papaifce ruair na peapna." — 
See note ^ under the year 1575, p. 1683, supra, 
where the Editor has described Tuath-na-fearna 
as in the barony of Islands, by mere oversight. 

' Corca-Bhaiscinn. — This should be " of East 
Corca-Bhaiscinn." In the Description of the 
County of Clare, pres*ved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin, E. 2. 14,' this Teige 
is mentioned as chief of the " Baronie of Cloyne- 
deralawe, conteyning East Carkewasken," and 
proprietor of the castles of " Dangen-Myburke" 
[i.e. Dainjean moije 6i)ilc, now Dangan, a 
very large castle in ruins, in a townland of the 



1880 



awHa^^a nio^hachca eiReav4N. [1589. 



Conbmac mac cai6cc mic oiapmaDa, mic'copbrriaic o maijlainm Oecc. 

TTlajnuf mac cumn mic an calbaij, mic majnuya mic ao6a Duib uf Dom- 
-naill DO mapboD lairh 16 pinn 20 Sepcembep 16 pfan mac Tnajnupa 615 mic 
majniipa, mic aoba ouib uf Dorhnaill. 

Domnall mac eosain an loca mec puibne conpapal mupcpaije Decc peap 
|io ba6 mair cpeabaipe, 1 rC^ naoiofD,-) pob lonmolca 1 ppiabnaipi gall "j 
jaoibeal an ri rfpoa ann pin. 

biipcai^ I'occapaca 6 cfp amaljaib piap Do Dol ap a ccoimeo lap nDiulcab 
bfic pd bpficangobepnopa .1.' Sip RipoepD bionsgam. TTlaijipcip bpun do doI 
a hucc an gobepnopa co nopuinj moip 00 paijoiuipib galloa -| jaoibelca do 
pai^ib na mbupcac pin rap bealac an Diorpuibe piap. bupcaij ap crabai|;c 
amaipp poppapom, -\ a rcpdc na rpoDa Do cfnDab Do mai5ipcip bpun po 
ppaoineab Dia pai^Diuipib 1 po Dicfnoab 6 pfin, 1 Domnall o Dalaij Duine 
uapal eip.be agd mbaoi cfnoup cooa do na paijDiuipib pin, -] Remann occ 
mac T?emaincc mic Sfam a bupc na bfmne,-) pochaibe mop Do pa paijDitiipib 
a maille ppiu. T?o ba moioe bpij 1 bopppab na mbupcac an bpCipim pin, -\ 
po jabpac pop abannab ma nofbepcc ap a hairle. Do coib rpa pliocr 
oiluepaip mic Sfain a bupc 6 cip amalgaib ma ccommbdib, "| mumcip DubDo 
o cip piacpac muaibe, clann nDomnaill jallocclac uile, TTlupcaDh na rcuaj 
mac paibcc, mic mupchaib ui plaicbeapcaij, ■] muincip plaicbfpcaij"] Seobaij 
ina pocaip pium, co ndp pan aon po ba ion aipme 6 pmn laprapac roppaip co 
cpaijeoruile co macaipe lui^ne, co copann, 1 co macaipe connacr jan Dol 
in aon pann 1 naghaib an jobepnopa. T?o jabpac na Dibfpccaig pin ace 

same name, in the parish of Kilchrist, or district maine, in Kerry See note ', under 1581, 

of Tuath-ua-mBuilc, in the barony of Clonde- p. 1757, supra. 

ralaw, and adjoining the barony of Islands] ; ° Went on their defence, i. e. ,took up arms to 

" Cloynetheralla" [now Clonderalaw] ; "CahM- defend themselves. 

con; Ballamacollman"[nowColmanstown]; "and ° Bealach-an-Diothruibhe, i. e. the road or pass 

Derecrossan" [Derrycrossan :] " all in the ter- of the wilderness. This was undoubtedly the 

ritory of East Corca- Vaskin. Contemporary with name of the ancient road leading from the 

this Teige-an-Duna was Turlough Mac Mahon, abbey of Ballintober to Croaghpatrick, in the 

chief of the territory of West Corca- Vaskiu, county of Mayo, for the position of which see 

and proprietor of the castles of Carighowly" map to Genealogies, Tribes, ^c. of Hy-Fiachrach. 
[now Carrigaholt], "Moyartha, Dunlicky, and P Came to a close fight, literally, "at the time 

Dunsumayne." of the pressing of the fight by Master Brown." 
™ Magh-LaithimJi, now Molahiff, near Castle- '' John Burke of Ben, i. e. of Benmore Castle, 



1.589.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1881 

Cormac, the son of Teige, son of Dermot, son of Corniac [Mac Carthy] of 
Magh-Laithimh", died. i 

Manus, the son of Con, son of Calvagh, son of Manus, son of Hugh Duv 
O'Donnell, was slain near the River Finn, on the 20th of September, by John, 
the son of Manus Oge, son of Manus, son of Hugh Duv O'Donnell. 

Donnell, son of Owen of the Lake Mac Sweeny, Constable of Muskerry, 
died. The deceased was a man who had good tillage, and kept a house of hos- 
pitality, and was praiseworthy in the eyes of the English and Irish. 

The Lower Burkes from Tirawly westwards, after having refused to remain 
under the jurisdiction of the Governor, Sir Richard Bingham, went on their 
defence". Master Brown proceeded, by order of the Governor, at the head of 
a large party of English and Irish soldiers, westwards over Bealach-an-Dioth- 
ruibh" against these Burkes. The Burkes made an attack upon them ; and at 
the time that Master Brown came to a close fight'', his soldiers were routed, and 
himself beheaded, as were also Donnell O'Daly, a gentleman who had the com- 
mand of a party of the soldiers ; and Redmond Oge, son of Redmond, son of 
John Burke of Ben'', together with a great number of the soldiers. The vigour 
and fury of the Burkes were increased by this defeat ; and they became more 
violent in their insurrection after it. The descendants of Oliver, the son of 
John Burke of Tirawley, went in alUance with them, as did the O'Dowdas of 
Tireragh of the Moy ; all the Clann-Donnell Galloglagh ; Murrough of the 
Battle-axes', the son of Teige, son of Murrough OTlaherty, together with [all] 
the O'Flahertys and the Joyces ; so that there was not one man worthy of note, 
from the western point of Ems to Traigh-Eothuile', to Machaire-Luighne', to 
Corran, and 'to Machaire-Chonnacht", who did not unite [on this occasion] 

in the parish of Grange, barony of Loughrea, See also Chorographical Description of lar-Con- 

and county of Gal way. — See note °, under the naught, p. 394, et seqvent. 
year 1553, p. 1532, supra. This Kedmond Burke « Traigh-Eotlmile, a great strand at Ballysa- 

was one of the Earl of Clanrickard's followers, dare, in the county of Sligo. — See it already 

who assisted Bingham on this occasion. mentioned at the years 1249, 1282, 1367, 1562. 
^Murrough of the Battle-axes, ^c, OTlaheHy. — ' Machaire-Luighne, i. e. the plain of Leyny, 

He is called Sir Morogh ne Doe by the Eng- a barony in the county of Sligo. 
lish writers. He was very faithful to the Queen " Machaire-Chonnacht, i. e. Campus Connacice, 

till 1586, when a party of the Governor's sol- a great plain in the county of Roscommon already 

diers plundered his people — See p. 1 849, supra, often referred to. 

11 G 



1882 i!/.,aNNa6a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1589. 

aibmilleao coiccib connacc Do 16 -| DaohaiD ppi ]ie an eappaij;. bd ipn can 
ym DO cuaiD Diap mac mupchaiD na ccuacc uf plairbfpcaij .i. caDcc -) upun, 
-] mac DeapBpacap DO TTlupchaD .i. Domnall mac Ruaibpi uf plaicbfpcai^ ap 
lonopaijiD pa leinmel conmaicne, -| an liiacaipe pmbaig oiDce capcc Do 
ponpab. bdccap a do no a cpi do ceDaibh Diolmuineac a]\ an cupup pm. Ro 
jabpar aj oenarh oipccne "| eDala lomDa peacnon an cfpe copac laof Doriinai^ 
cdpcc. Udnaic an ctp ap gac caob ina ccopaijeacc. 6d ipin oiDce peime 
pin canjaoap banna no bo Do pai^Diuipib gan piop jan aipiuccab Diomcoimet) 
an cfpe,-] oD cualaccap alljuc an opDanaip, "| caipmfpca na ccolcc bumfn 
ap nd rhapac Do coccap i neanac lomcurhans ndp bo bupapa Diongabail no do 
pfcna 1 noipcill an cploij gaoibealaig. puapac capcabcc 6 plaicbeapcai^ Dia 
paijib 1 ccopac an cploij, -\ arhuinnp ma ccipe corhbluco ina cimcell. ]?o 
leiccpiocc na paijoiuipibe ppappa pelep p6 copac an cploi^ jaoibealaij ^o 
ccopcaip cabcc ua plaicbfpcaij Don copamn pin, i upun ua plairbfpcai^, -\ 
cabcc occ mac caibcc ui plaicbeapcaij co nopuing moip Dia luce Ifnarhna ma 
ccimcell DO maicib cpice peobac i cloinni Donnchaib,"] an mfiD na po mapbab 
Don ceD ppaip Don cploij jaoiDelac po imcijpfc gan pccfinm gan pccar, -| ni 
po irnab lacc peaca pin. T?o cpochab Dna eman mac TTIupchaib na ccuacc 
ui plaicbeapcai^ baoi illairh i nsaillim po cfnD cpi Id lap mapbab caibcc, -] 
muna cuicicip an ckmn pin mapchaib na ccuaj ui plaicbfpcaij pop po^ail -\ 
pop Dibfipccin acchaib ppionnpaSa;ran pobabpccelmop anoibeabamlaibpin. 
. .Diapmaic occ mac Diapmaca, mic Denip, mic Diapmaca, mic concobaip 
(>l.'.eppucc luimnij), mic mupchaib an Dana uf bfDhab Decc, i a abnacal i 
noipfpc cola ina baile pfm i ccpiocac ceD ceneoil ppfpmaic in uaccap Ddl 
ccaip. 

" Conmaicne, i. e. Conmaicne-Cuile-Toladh, Loch Cime. — See Genealogical Table in Hardi- 

now the barony of Kilmaine, in the south of man's edition of O'Flaherty's Chordgraphical 

the county of Mayo. Machaire-riabhach is a Description of lar-Connaught, p. 362. 

plain in the adjoining barony of Clare, in the ' Conor, Bishop of Limerick He succeeded 

county of (Jalway. — See note ', under the year in the year 1400, resigned the see in 1426, and 

1469! p. 1064, supra. died in 1434. — See Harris's edition of Ware's 

" Precisdy, do ponnpao This phrase might Bishops, p. 509, where this bishop is mentioned 

well be omitted. under the name of " Cornelius O'Dea." 

' Clann-Bonough These were a branch of " Disert-Tola, i. e. St. Tola's desert, or wil- 

the O'Flaherties, descended from Donough derness, now Dysart O'Dea, in the barony of 

Ahiinn O'Flaherty, the brother of Rory of Inchiquin, and co\inty of Clare, where there is 



1589] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OP IRELAND. 1883 

against the Governor. These plunderers continued to ravage the province of 
Connaught, by day and night, during the spring. It was at this time that two 
sons of Murrough of the Battle-axes O'Flaherty, Teige and Urun, and the son 
of Murrough's brother, L e. Donnell, the son of Rory O'Flaherty, went upon a 
predatory excursion along the borders of Conmaicne" and Machaire-Riabhach, 
precisely" on Easter night. They had two or three hundred horse-boys on this 
excursion. They proceeded to take much booty and spoils throughout the 
country early in the morning of Easter Sunday. The [people of the] country 
(jame from every quarter in pursuit of them. On the night before a company 
of two of soldiers had cbme, privately and unperceived, to protect the country ; 
and these, upon hearing the loud report of the, ordnance, and the clamour of 
the armed troops on the following day, retired to a narrow pass, which could 
not be easily shunned or avoided, and there lay in ambush for the Irish. host. 
They saw Teige O'Flalierty approaching in front of the host, and his people in 
close ranks about him. The soldiers discharged showers of balls at the van of 
the Irish host, and slew by this volley Teige O'Flaherty, Urun O'Flaherty, and 
Teige Oge, the son of Teige O'Flaherty, together with a great number of their 
followers who were about them, of the chiefs of Joyce's country, and the Clann- 
Donough^ Such of the Irish host as were not killed by the first volley went 
away without panic or fear, and were not further purfeued. Three days after 
the killing of Teige, Edmond, [another] son of Murrough of the Battle-axes 
O'Flaherty, who was in prison in Galway, was hanged ; and, were it not that 
these sons of Murrpugh of the Battle-axes O'Flaherty fell in the act of plunder 
and insurrection against the Sovereign of England, their death after this manner 
would have been a great cause of lamentation. 

Dermot Oge, the son of Dermot, son of Denis, son of Dermot, son of Conor, 
Bishop of Limerick', son of Murrough-an-Dana O'Dea, died, and was buried in 
his own town of Disert-Tola^ in the cantred of Kinel-Fearmaic, in the upper 
part of Dal-Cais. 

a church of considerable antiquity and archi- of Westmeath. Lanigan, in his Ecclesiastical 

tectural beauty, dedicated to St. Tola, who died History of Ireland, vol. iii. p. 171, not knowing 

m the year 732, and near it a beautiful round that O'Dea's seat in Thomond was called Disert- 

tower — See Colgan's Acta SS., p. 793. There Tola, has come to the conclusion that there-was 

was another church of this name in the parish but one church of the name in Ireland, and at^ 

of Kill-Uailleach, barony of Delvin, and county tempts to reconcile authorities by placing Disert 

II g2 



1884 aHHac,a Rio^hachca emeawH. [1590. 

aOlS CRIOSU, 1590. 
Qoif Cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceo, nocac. 

bupcaij loccapaca, -] clann noomnaill gallocclac Do coirhcionol -[ x^o 
cpuinniucchab an po peopac Do baofnib (arhail pemebepcmap) hi ppojmap 
-] 1 nsfiTTipeab na bliabna pfmainn co nd baoi aon pob lonaipirh o copppliab 
Tia pfgpa CO cfnD lapcapac loppaip,") urhaill jan Dol Leo ipin commbdij pin. 

Sluaiccheab lap an njobepnoip Sip RipDfpD binggam, i Id hiapla riian- 
tnuman DonnchaD mac concobaip, mic DonnchaiD ui bpiain co lion a ccoicfp- 
cail an ceo mi Don bliabam pi .i. mi lanuapii do bol ap bupcachaib co po 
puibtjfb campa conjaipeac cficfpnlionmap hi ccunja leo, -| bdrcap bupcai^ 
hi ppoplongpopc ap a ccomaip Don caoib riap, -| coinne jac laof froppa 50 
cfnD coicnbipi co nd po peDab a piobnccab in aipfD pm. Cpiallaib an gobep- 
noip, "] an ciapla hi ccfnD na pee pin a ofic no a do Decc do banDaib do bol 
cap beiljib ipceac Do cop cuapca i rcip arhalsaib, "] 1 nioppup. Oo beac- 
accap bupcaij Id a ccaob, "| bdcap ace polmaipe a bpobapca ace beapnait 
na gaoice, ap a aof ni beipgenpac, ~[ po leiccfb an conaip Don jobepnoip, -[ 
Don lapla 6d Don cup pin Do bfnab a rpoij on ale amac Do rhac uilliam 
bupc. Ro pill an jobepnoip rap a aip 50 conga, 1 po pfobaij pfm, bupcai^, 
1 clann nDorhnaill pe poile 50 po cuippioc a mbpaijDe ap laim an gobepnopa. 
Oo coib an jobepnoip 50 baile aca luain, -] po pccaoilpioc pip connacc Dia 
rcijib. 

Sluaiccheab Idnrhop lap an ngobepnoip hi mi'p mapca Do bol ap ua puaipc. 
baoi DO Ifonrhaipe an rploij pin co po leicc an jobepnoip Dponga Dipime Da 
caipcfnib 1 Dd coipijrib co pliab caipppe hi ccfnD muincipe heolaip,i Dpong 

Tola in the barony of Garrycastle, in the King's County of Clare, written in 1585, and now pre- 

County, on the frontiers of Dal- Cais and Meath; served in the Manuscript Library of Trinity 

but his conclusion is totally erroneous, because College, Dublin, E. 2. 1 4, as the residence ol' 

the two names still exist, and the memory of " Donell Moel O'Dea." 

St. Tola is still venerated at both, though even " Beama-norgaoithe, i. e. gap of the wind, 
the grave-yard of Disert Tola, in Delvin, has now Windy-gap, a remarkable gap on the south- 
been effaced by the progress of cultivation, east boundary of the parish of Addergoole, ba- 
O'Dea's Castle stands in ruins a short distance rony of Tirawley, and county of JIayo. — See 
to the north-west of St. Tola's church. This Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Ily-Fiachrach, 
castle is mentioned in the Description of the p. 480, and the map to the same work. 



ISiJO. ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1885 

THE AGE OF CHKIST, 1590. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand Jive hundred ninety. 

The Lower Burkes and the Clann-Donnell Galloglagh mustered and col- 
lected all the forces they were able [to command] in the summer and winter of 
the preceding year, as we have stated before ; so that there was no one worthy 
of note, from the Curlieu mountains to the most western point of Erris and 
Umhall, who did not join them in that confederacy. 

A hosting was made by the Governor, Sir Richard Bingham, and the Earl 
of Thomond, Donough, the son of Conor, son of Donough O'Brien ; and they 
marched with all their forces against the Burkes in the first month of this year, 
i. e. January ; and they pitched a camp of many troops of kerns at Cong ; and 
the Burkes were encamped on the west side, opposite to them ; and there were 
daily conferences held between them for a fortnight, but they could not agree 
on terms of peace during that time. At the expiration of this period, the 
Governor and the Earl proceeded, with ten or twelve companies, to go through 
the passes into Tirawley and Erris. The Burkes marched in a parallel line with 
them, and intended to attack them at Bearna-na-Gaoithe"* but, however, they 
did not do so, but the pass was ceded to the Governor and the Earl. On this 
occasion the son of Mac William Burke lost his foot from the ankle out. The 
Governor returned to Cong, and he, the Burkes, and the Clann-Donnell, were 
reconciled to each other ; and they delivered their hostages into the hands of 
the Governor. The Governor then went to Athlone, and the men .of Connaught 
dispersed for their [respective] homes. 

In the month of March a very great army was mustered by the Governor 
against O'Eourke. This army was no numerous, that he sent a vast number 
of his, cap tains and battalions to Sliabh-Cairbre' to oppose [the inhabitants of] 

' Sliahh-Cairbre, i. e. Cairbre's mountain, now of Ireland in St. Patrick's time; and tradition 
Slieve-Carbry, otherwise called the Cam Moun- adds that the mountain was cursed by St. Pa- 
tains, comprised principally in the parish of trick, because, when he came to preach the 
Killoe, barony of Granard, and county of Long- Gospel to a place there called Aghnagon, he was 
tord. According to the tradition in the country, presented with a hound served up in a dish for . 
with which the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick ac- his dinner. According to the ancient Irish to- 
cords, this mountainous district received its name pographical work called Dinnsenchus (Book of 
fromCairbre, the brother of Laeghaire, Monarch Lecan, fol. 231), the conspicuous cams on this 



1886 aNNQ^.a Rioghachca eiReaNH. '-" [1590. 

ele Duaiplib a ploij 50 upoicfc SI15151 oon caofb ciap 00 ympt) na bpeipne 
50 po jabpar na floij pn ace lopccaD -) ace leipyeepip, 05 nmpbaD, "] 05 
mubucchoD ina mbaoi pop a ccionn ip in ccpic 50 coiccfno 50 poccain 1 ccfnD 
apoile Don cploj. Uo oibpfo ua Ruaipe Don puarap pin co nd puaip a Dion 
no a bfofn co painicc Do na cuachaib 1 ccfiiD mec puibne na ccuar .1. Gojon 
occ mac eojain oicc, mic eojain, mic Domnaill, 1 baof ina pocaip 50 cpioc- 
nuccab na bliabna po, -\ 506 aofi nac DeaehaiD ap lonnapbaD Da baofnib can- 
jaccap apceac ap caipipeacr 1 ccfnD in gobepnopa. baf Doriinall mac caiDg 
mic bpiain ui jiuaipc, -] ao6 occ mac aoba galloa a^ congnam Id gallaib 
ua puaijic Darcup -) Dionnapbab. T?o baf an cfp ecip papac -] ainuecab ap 
cumap an gobepnopa co peil micil ap ccinD co ccainicc cijeapnan ban mac 
bpiain mic eojain uf Ruaipc, "] bpian (.1. bpian occ) na parhrac (TTIac an 
1 Ruaipc pin Do hionnapbab) Don rip 1 ccimcell na pele micil. Oo coibpioc 
pfm -| pineaDhaba na bpeipne ■) rhumcipe heolaip, -\ na puapcac baf pfmpa 
ipm cfp 1 najhaib an 5obepnopa, "] bdccap ag milleab gac nfir gup a pan- 
jqccap im jallaib 50 cpiocnuecab na bliabna po. 

" Damgfn mop nac Dfpnab a lonnpamail 16 hachaib imcfin Do Denarh lap 
an njobepnoip e cip loc ce -\ loc apbach. 

mac uf neill .1. Ctob sfimleac, mac Sfain bonnjailij mic cuinn bacaij 
niic cumn, mic enpi, mic eojain Do cpochab Id hiapla cipe heojam .1. aob mac 

mountain were anciently called Carn Furbuidfee erected near Lough Foyle, and has long since 

and Carn Maine. , been levelled. The inhabitants of Boyle shew 

'^ Such of his people, literally, "every one of the remains of an English fort close to that town, 

his people that did not go into banishment." which they think is the one erected by Bing- 

' Who remained, literally, "who were before ham ; but the Editor thinks that the authority 

them," i. e. those families of the O'Rourkes who of the annalists and of a contemporaneous map 

submitted to the authority of Sir Richard Bing- is sufficient to prove its exact position, 

ham, and were permitted to retain their lands. ^ Hugh Geimhleach, i. e. Hugh of the Fetters. 

^ A great fort — On an old map of the county He was one of the illegitimate sons of John 
of Roscommon, made by L. Browne shortly O'Neill, surnamed " an diomais," i. e. of the 
after this period, this fort is shewn as situated pride, or ambition. Fynes Moryson states that 
centrally between Lough Key and Lough Arrow, the Earl of Tyrone,, the son of Matthew O'Kelly, 
which are about one Irish mile asunder. The who was the son of a blacksmith of Dundalk, 
Editor could not find any trace of this fort in hanged this youth, " hardly finding any, in re- 
the position shewn on L. Browne's map. It con- gard of the general reverence borne to the blood 
sisted evidently of earthen ramparts, like the fort of the O'Ney Is, who would do the office of hang- 
erected soon after at the Blackwater, and those man ;" and Camden, who was living at the time, 



ISfX).] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM. OF IRELAND. 1887 

Muintir-Eolais ; and another party of the chiefs of his array to the west of the 
Bridge of SUgo, to invade Breifny ; and these troops proceeded to burn and 
devastate, kill and destroy, all before them in the country, until both met toge- 
ther again. By this excursion O'Rourke was banished from his territory ; and 
he received neither shelter nor protection until he arrived in the Tuatha, to 
Mac Sweeny-na-dTuath (Owen Oge, the son of Owen, son of Owen Oge, son 
of Owen, son of Donnell); and with him he remained until the expiration of 
this year ; and such of his people* as. did not go into exile came in and sub- 
mitted to the Governor. Donnell, the son of Teige, son of Brian O'Eourke, 
and Hugh Oge, the son of Hugh Gallda, assisted the English in expelling and 
banishing O'Rourke. The [whole] territory, both waste and inhabited, was 
under the power of the Governor until the ensuing Michaelmas, when Tiernaii 
Bane, the son of Brian, son of Owen O'Rourke, and Brian-na-Samhthach, i. e. 
Brian Oge (the son of that O'Rourke who had been expelled), came into the 
territory. These and the tribes of Breifny, and of Muintir-Eolais, and of the 
other O'Rourkes who remained' in the country, opposed the Governor, and 
continued spoiling every thing belonging to the English, to which they came, 
until the end of this year. 

A great fort*^, the like of which ha,d not been erected for a long time before, 
was made by the Governor between Lough Key and Lough Arrow. 

The son of O'Neill, i. e. Hugh Geimhleach^, son of John Donnghaileach, sun 
of C9n Bacagh, son of Con, son of Henry, son of Owen, was hanged by the 

*»W ". ,..u>)ir .BBiiiit'jaxa noil ^.tIl<r•^f•' 



states, that it was said that the Earl hanged him tur testes producturmii oontiruiat. Die coijstjf; 

witli his own hand; but P. O'SuUivan Beare tuta, qua testes producantur, Tironus, dfttis 

says that he procured a Meathmau who per- vadibus dimissus Compeditiun inquirendo de- 

fonued tlie office of hangman. P. O'Sullivan prehendet, et oustodia; mandat, iussusque a 

states, that Hugh Geirahleaoh offered to prove Prorege DubhlLnnam mittere, imperio non obe- 

by single combat that what he had charged diens laqua suspendat Midhiensi homine tortor : 

against the Earl was true. His words are: nam pietate et amore in Onellam familiam et 

" Prorex et consilium Iberniai in Sradbaliiun loannem principem nullus tota Tirona potuit 

Vltoniffi oppiduni Uubhlinna profecti Tironum varibus vllis deduci ut Compedito mortem in- 

in ius vocant qui crimen obiectum incuuctanter ferret." — Hist. CatJwl. Jber,, fol. 124. 

iiegat, subdens Compedito" [CIoo ^^iriileach] Camden gives the following account of the 

" inimico suo non esse fidem habendum, Corape- hanging of this Hugh, and of the after conduct 

ditus, se singular! certamine crimen probaturum of the Earl, in his Annals of the Keign of Queen 

osserit: Sed ipse et Tironus ingredi pyohiben- Elizabetli, A. D. 1590: 



1888 



aNHQta Rioshachca eiReaNN. 



[1590. 



pumopca, mic cuinn bacaij. Ni baf pfyi a aepa le hachaiD oo denel eojija.n 
mic neill po bab mo eccaoine ma on caob fin. 

mac uf Domnaill .1. DorhnaU mac ao6a mic majnuya, mic aoba Diiib, mic 
aoDa jiuaib mic neill jaipb mic coippDealbaij an piona 00 bfir 05 Dol ap 



" In Hibernia anno superior! Hugo Gaveloc" 
r^eiriileac] " ita dictus quia in compedibus diu 
detentus, filius naturalis Shani 0-NeaI, Hugo- 
nem Comitem Tir-Oeniae accusaverat occultos 
sermones conseruisse cum Hispanis quibusdam 
naufragio mdlxxxviii. in Hiberniam ejectis. 
Comes accusationem prsvertens ilium ex insi- 
diis interceptum strangulari jussit ; cumque ex 
quadam observantia erga familiam 0-Neali im- 
manes proedones vim afferre recusarent, ipse 
resti ad gulam frangendam manum admovisse 
perhibetur. Hinc in Angliam jam vocatus, cri- 
men supplex apud Eeginam deprecatus, veniam 
irapetravit, coramque ipsa ad Eegiam Green- 
wichi honorem, ut nobiles sclent, potestatus, 
sanctissime in se recepit, pacem cum Turlogho 
Leinigh vicinisque singulis observaturum, datis 
60 nomine obsidibus : nee 0-Neali titulum, nee 
authoritatem in nobiles vicinos assumpturum ; 
regionera Tir-Oeniam in formam Comitatus re- 
dacturum, a populo subdito pensitationes Hiber- 
nicas (BonaglUy vocant) non exacturum, nemi- 
nem nisi ex lege morte jam inde mulctaturum, 
annonam praesidiariis Anglis ad Aquam Nigram, 
sive iluvius More non interclusurum, Monachos, 
Fratres, Moniales, et rebelles in territorium non 
admissurum, incolas Tir-Oeniaj ad humaniorem 
cultum quantum posset, adducturum ; & id 
genus alia ; ea tamen conditione interposita ut 
Turlogus Leinigh & finitimi Dynasts itidem 
fidem ad pacem cum ipso colendam obstringe- 
rent, ne ipse quietus turbulentorum injuriis 
exponeretur. In Hiberniam remissus, hsec eadem 
se i'acturum coram Guil. Fitz- Williams Prorege 
& Regni Consiliariis, asseveranter confirmavit, & 
sane aliquandiu nihil omisit, quod ab obsequen- 
tissimo subdito expectari poterat, pleraque vir- 



tutis adumbrata signa pra; se ferens. Corpus la- 
borum, vigilia, & inediffi patiens, industria magna, 
animus ingcns maximisque par negotiis, militia 
multa scientia, ad simulandum auimi altitudo 
profunda, adeo ut nonnulli eum vel maximo Hi- 
bernia; bono, vel malo natum tunc prsedixerint." 

Whether this Earl, Hugh, was an O'Neill or 
not, — and the Editor feels satisfied that Shane- 
an-diomais proved in England that he was not, — 
he was the cleverest man that ever bore that 
name. The O'Kellys of Bregia, of whom this 
Hugh must have been (if he were not of the 
blood of the O'Neills), were descended from Hugh 
Slaine, Monarch of Ireland from 599 till 605, and 
consequently of as royal lineage as the O'Neills " 
themselves, if not more so, though brought low 
by the English at an early period. Connell 
Mageoghegan says that "there reigned of King 
Hugh Slaine's race, as monarchs of this king- 
dom, nine kings," and that " there were many 
other princes of Moy-Brey, besides the said 
kings of the family of O'KeJly of Brey." We 
may, therefore, well believe that the blood of 
Hugh Slaine, which was brought so low in 
the grandfather, found its level in the military 
genius and tovyering ambition of Hugh, Earl of 
Tyrone. Mr. Moore, who has formed so low an 
estimate of the character of the Anglo-Irish 
Earl of Desmond, writes of this Milesian Earl of 
royal lineage as follows : 

" But a new claimant of political distinction 
had now begun to attract attention ; one who 
was destined not only to rally round him the 
hearts of his fellow countrymen, but to shew 
for once to the world an instance of Irishmen 
conquering in their own cause. 

" This remarkable man, Hugh O'Neill, was 



1590] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1889 



Earl of Tyrone, Hugh, son of Ferdorcha, son of Con Bacagh. There had not 
been for a long time among the race of Eoghan, the son of Niall, a man more 
generally lamented than this Hugh. 

The son of O'Donnell, i. e. Donnell, the son of Hugh, son of Manus, son of 
Hugh Duv, son of Hugh Roe, son of Niall Garv, son of Turlough of the Wine 



the son of the late Matthew, Baron of Dungan- 
non, and being, by the law of English descent, 
the immediate successor of his father, was 
thereby entitled to the earldom of Tyrone. In 
the late wars against Desmond, he had com- 
manded a troop of horse in the queen's service; 
and having distinguished himself highly as a sol- 
dier, was, at the time we have reached, petition- 
ing the Irish parliament to be allowed to assume 
the title, and take the possessions of the earldom 
of Tyrone. 

" While thus affecting to look to a peerage, 
as the sole object of his ambition, he was already 
contemplating purposes of a' far higher aim, nor 
yet had made up his mind as to which of the 
two paths, now opening before him, he should 
commit himself : whether, as a peer, he should 
still court distinction only through English 
channels ; or whether, placing himself at the 
head of his powerful sept, he should renounce 
the hollow loyalty, he had hitherto professed, 
and assume openly the national title of The 
O'Neill. Meanwhile the position he held be- 
tween the two rival parties was such as to 
enable him, without much apparent duplicity, 
to turn to account the credit and influence he 
had acquired with both. The English autho- 
rities were proud to claim, as attached to their 
service, an officer known to stand so high with 
his own fellow countrymen ; and the chieftains 
of Ulster, then the stronghold of Irish patriot- 
ism, forgave willingly his seeming adhesion to 
the cause of the enemy, as long as they saw 
reason to believe that his heart was wholly 
their's. But, however favourable to his ambi- 
tious views was this double aspect of his poli- 

11 



tical character, it naturally fostered in him 
, those habits of evasion and duplicity, which 
notwithstanding his great public merits,brought 
much discredit on his after career. 

" The rank and title of the earldom of Tyrone 
were, without much difficulty, conceded to him ; 
but the possessions, he was told, must depend 
on the pleasure of the Crown. He, therefore, 
resolved to appeal to the Queen ; and repairing 
immediately to the English court, succeeded, 
by his address, frank manner, and well-disguised 
subtlety, in obtaining the object of his petition. 
The princely inheritance of his ancient family 
was restored to him, without any reservation of 
rent ; and, among the conditions required of him, 
the only one that savoured at all of distrust was 
that which stipulated that he should claim no 
authority over the lords bordering on his coun- 
try." — History of Ireland, vol. iv. pp.99, 100. 

It appears from Eot. Can. H. A. 29 Eliz. 
that it was provided in the grant to this Earl, 
that the bounds of Tyrone should be distinctly 
marked and defined ; that two hundred and 
forty acres should be reserved, adjoining to the 
River Blackwater, for the use of a fort to be 
there erected ; that the new Earl should chal- 
lenge no authority over the neighbouring lords ; 
that the sons of John [the Proud], and Tur- 
lough [Luineach], should be provided for; and 
that Turlough should be continued Chieftain of 
Tyrone, with a right of superiority over Ma- 
guire and O'Kane, two subordinate Lords or 
Urriaghs to the O'Neill. This power, ceded to 
Turlough Luineach, and afterwards to the Earl 
Hugh, cleared the way for the confiscation of 
Ulster. ^ 

H 



1890 aNNQca Rioshachca eiReawH. [1590. 

belaib a acap (lap nooloo 1 neneipce -| in innlaicce,-] lap mbfir Dia mac ele 
illairh in dc clmr) 50 rcapocc oorhnall ina mbaoi oShliaB anoi|i 1 crfp conaill 
p6 a nfpc "] p6 a cumacraib .1. 6 beapnap 50 opobaofp, baoijeallaij -| ba^- 
aini5 beop. 6d paoc mop -| bd jalap mfnman Id bingm cpemaip mic DOTnnaill, 
Domnall Do bfir pop an abaipc pin ap oifian le a poccain 1 ccfnoup cenel 
cconaill ap belaib a mfic ao6 pua6 baf illaim in at cliac cecib ran no 
Deonaijpab bia Do cocc a cuimpeac conaD aipe pm po cionoileab le a mbaof 
pomdmaijce Dia piop Do cenel cconaill .1. O Docapraij co na rionol, TTlac 
puibne na ccuac eojan occ co na pocpaire, TTlac puibne panac co na pocpaioe 
50 pochaiDe moip Dalbanchaib a maille ppiu. lap ppiop pccel do Domnall 
ua Dorhnaill an coicfpcal pin Do bfic agd Denarfi cuicce, T?o cionoil pibe pop 
a ccionn. bdccap lac po eipgfccap laip TTlac puibne bdjaineac DonnchaD 
mac maolmuipe, *] Dpong do cloinn cpuibne na miirhan im cpiop mac eojain 
mic maolmuipe mic Donnchaib mic coipp&ealbaij co na pocpaiDe,i 6 baoijill 
cabcc occ mac caiDcc mic roippDealbaij co Ifon a rionoil. bd hann Do pala 
DO mac ui Domnaill bfic in epp rfpe bojaine alia map do jlfnn colaim cille, 
5up na mainb pin ma pocaip. Nf po hanaD Idp an luce naile 50 pangaccap 
an Du pm Dia paighiD, 1 po pijfo pccamnfp cpoDa fcoppa aoiu -] anall, -| 
raplaicpfc na halbanaij paice paijfcc a piobbacaib pobapraca co po jonaD 
-] CO po cpecrnaijheaD (on .14. Seprembep) Dponja Dipimeleo, -| po bab 
Dib pibe TTlac ui Domnaill pobein co nd baf ina cumang fnjnam no uppclaibi do 
benarh co po mapbab an Du pm aj an Doipe Ifcan Id raob cuam ceilioncc. 
ba hanDarh piam piap an can pm a buaib ajd biobbabaib cen gup bo biob- 
baba iccip in luce lap a ccopcaip (conDup pala fcoppa Don cup pm) -| gion 
jup bo he an Domnall pin oibpe a acapba lap ppiop nip bo Diitiiab do cip 

" Beamas, i. e. the Barnismore mountain, in the county of Donegal. The place is described 

the barony of Tirhugh — See note % under the as follows, in O'Donnell's Life of St. Columb- 

year 1522, p. 1355, supra. kiUe, as translated by Colgan, Trias Thaum., 

' Boylagh and Tir-Boghaine, i. e. the inhabi- p. 391 : 
tants of the baronies of Boylagh and Banagh, in " Locus is est Tirconallensis patriffi, Occidenti 

the west of the county of Donegal. These were proximus, in Oceanum procul excurrens, in 

the O'Boyles and the Mac Sweenys of Banagh. arduos incultosque montes assurgens, in horrida 

" Gleant), Choluim Cille, i. e. St. Columbkille's demum promontoria desinens, Columbse, a cujus 

glen, or valley, now Glencolumbkille, the name asceterio Celebris habetur jamdudum sacer."— 

of a parish and remarkable vaUey in the west lib. i. c. 15. 
of the barony of Tir-Boghain|, or Banagh, in ' Doire-leathan, i. e. the broad derry, or oak 



1590.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1891 

attempted to depose his father, after he had grown weak and feeble [from age], 
and after his other son had been imprisoned in DubUn; so that Donnell brought 
under his power and jurisdiction that part of Tirconnell from the mountain 
westwards, i. e. from Bearnas" to [the River] Drowes ; and also the people of 
Boylagh and Tir-Boghaine'. It was [a cause of] great anguish and sickness 
of mind to Ineenduv, the daughter of Jame? Mac Donnell, that Donnell should 
make such an attempt, lest he might attain the chieftainship of Tirconnell in 
preference' to her son, Hugh Roe, who was confined in Dublin, [and who she 
hoped would become chief], whatever time God might permit him to return 
from his captivity ; and she, therefore, assembled all the Kinel-Connell jvho 
were obedient to her husband, namely, O'Doherty, with his forces ; Mac Sweeny- 
na-dTuath (Owen Oge), with his forces ; and Mac Sweeny Fanad, with his 
forces ; with a great number of Scots along with them. After Donnell O'Don- 
nell had received intelligence that this muster had been made to oppose him, 
he assembled [his forces] to meet them. These were they whcr rose up to assist 
him on this occasion : Mac Sweeny Banagh (Donough, the son of Mulmurry); 
a party of the Clann-Sweeny of Munster, under the conduct of the three sons 
of Owen, the son of Mulmurry, son of Donough, son of Turlough, and their 
forces ; and O'Boyle (Teige Oge, the son of Teige, son of Tvu-lough), with all 
his forces, assembled. The place where the son of O'Donnell happened to be 
stationed along with these chieftains was [Doire-leathan] at the extremity of 
Tir-Boghaine, to the west of Gleann Choluim Cille''. The other party did not 
halt until they came to them to that place ; and a battle ensued between them, 
which was fiercely fought on both sides. The Scots discharged a shower of 
arrows from their elastic bows, by which they pierced and wounded great num- 
bers, and, among the rest, the son of O'Donnell himself, who, being unable to 
display prowess or defend himself, was slain at Doire-leathan', on one side of 
the harbour of Telinn, on the 14th of September. Seldom before that time had 
his enemies triumphed over him ; and the party by whom he was slain had not 
been by any means his enemies until they encountered on this occasion ; and 
although this Donnell was not the rightful heir of his father", it would have 

wood, now anglice Derrylahan, a townland in south by Teelin harbour, 
the parish of Glencoluiabkille, barony of Ba- ^ Of his father, literally, "to his patrimony 

nagh, and county of Donegal, bounded on the or his father's territorial possessions." 

11 h2 



1892 



aHwata Rio^hachca eiReaHW. 



[1590. 



conaill a oipDnea6 puippe Dia leiccn Dia rmshiD i. ,Co]icpaccap Don cair- 
lopjail fin 1 Fpappab Dorhnaill an cpiap mac pin eojain mic maolmuipe mic 
DonnchaiD 50 noib ceoaib a maille ppiu 1 ccimcell Dorhnaill. 

Uarep ciocac a bupc mac pfam mic oiluepaip do ecc lap pio&ucchaD Do 
le gallaib. 

TTlas ooclain .1. Sfan mac aipc mic copbmaic do ecc, -\ ni baoi pfp a 
Duicce DO pliocr copbmaic caip po baD peolra pfpccaipe cuipre,-] caipreoil, 
-| popcaDa pabaile map, -| a mac Sfan occ do oipDneab ina lonaD. 

TTlaolpuanaib mac an calBaij mic DonnchaiD mic Sfain ui cfpbaill Do ecc. 

TTlac muipipciappai5e .1. romapmac emainn mic comaip, mic emainn Do 
ecc cfnoaise piona, eac, 1 ealaban pob pfpp Dpiop a mme ■] a acapDa pein 
baof illfir moja Dupmop an can pin, -] pacpaiccin a oi&pe do bfic illaim in 
ac cliac an can pin. . 

O Loclamn uaicne mac maoileaclamn, mic RuDpaije mic ana Decc, -| a 
mac .1. Ropa, -| mac a meic .1. uaicne do bfic impfpnac pe a poile imo lonab. 

Sorhaiple bui&e, mac alapcpainn, mic eoin cacanaij rtiec Domnaill do ecc. 



" Of his property, i. e. a man of the same ex- 
tent of territory, i. e. a lord of a sjngle barony. 
Mac Coghlan, Chief of Dealbbna-Eathra, was of 
the race of Cormac Cas, the ancestor of the 

O'Briens ofThomond SeeO'Flaherty's Ogygia, 

part iii. c. 82. The castles of Streamstown, 
Kincora, Garrycastle, Faddan, Clononey, Esker, 
and Coole, were in his territory. — See ijote >, 
under the year 1519, p. 1346, mpra. 

" Thomas, the 'son of Edmond. — See Lodge's 
'Peerage by Archdall for a curious notice of this 
Thomas. 

' Sorley Boy — He was the first of the Mac 
Dounells that totally vanquished Mac Quillin, 
chief of the Route, in the county of Antrim, 
and became the founder of the Earldom of An- 
trim.— See note J, under the year 1570, pp. 1641, 
1642, mpra. As this chieftain makes so con- 
spicuous a figure in the Irish annals, the Editor 
is tempted to give in this place a brief outline 
of the history of his ancestors, and of the man- 
ner and period of their first settlement in the 



Glynns, and afterwards in the Koute, in the 
present county of Antrim. Lodge traces his 
ancestry imperfectly; and, besides, in the ac- 
count he gives of his descendants, has commited 
some mistakes, the chief of which consists in 
making Sir James the second, instead of the eldest 
of his sons. It may be here mentioned that there 
are several lines of the MacDonnells of Scotland 
and Ireland given in the MS. Book of Bally- 
mote (compiled about 1380); and many curious 
genealogical poems in manuscript, in the Irish 
language, from the sixteenth century down- 
wards, tracing the filiations, and commemorat- 
ing the privileges and achievements, of t)iis 
warlike race. 

I. Somhairle, Thane of Airer-Gaidheal, or 
Argyle [slain A.D. 1165, s&e. Scotochronicon, and 
Chalmers' Caledonia\ the common ancestor of 
Mac Dubhgaill [Mac Dougall], Mac Donnell, 
and Mac Rory. lie married a daughter of the 
King of Man [See Chron. Man.'], and had 

II. Randal, fl. 1213, q. v. He had a son, 



1590.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1893 

been no disgrace to Tirconnell to have elected him as its chief, had he been 
permitted to attain to that dignity. In this conflict were slain along with Don- 
nell the three sons of Owen, son of Mulmurry, son of Donough [above men- 
tioned], together with two hundred others, around Donnell. 

Walter Kittagh Burke, the son of John, son of Oliver, died, after having 
concluded a peace with the English. 

Mac Coghlan (John, the son of Art, son of Cormac) died. There was not 
a man of his property", of the race of Cormac Cas, who had better furnished 
or more commodious courts, castles, and comfortable seats, than this John. 
His son, John Oge, was appointed in his place. 

Mulrony, the son of Calvagh, 'son of Donough, son of John O'Carroll, died. 

Mac Maurice of Kerry, i. e. Thomas, the son of Edmond", son of Thomas, 
son of Edmond, died. He was the best purchaser of wine, horses, and literary 
works, of any of his wealth and patrimony, in the greater part of Lea4ii-Mogha 
at that time ; and Patrickin, his heir, was at this time in captivity in DubUn. 

O'Loughlin (Owny, the son of MelaghUn, son of Kury, son of Ana) died ; 
and his son, Rossa, and his grandson, Owny, were contending with each other 
for his place. 

Sorley Boy'', the son of Alexander, son of John Cahanagh, died. 

III. Domhnall, or Donnell, the ancestor from the ancestor of the Mac Donnells of Leinster — 
whom the Mac Donnells have derived their sur- See note ad an. 1570, pp. 1691, et seq. 

name. He had a son, , VI. John of Islay, or Eoin nah-Ile. In 1337 

IV. Aengus, or Angus More. He is men- there is a safe conduct on the public records for 
tioned in Patent EoU, 40th of Hen. HI. A. D. him under the name of Johannes de Insulis ; and 
1256, under the name of Aengus, filius Dove- there are letters patent appointing the Earl of 
naldi. It is doubtful whether he or his son be Salisbury Royal Ambassador to him ; and a letter 
the " Angus of Hay and Kintyre" of Barbour's of King Edward, beginning " Rex, nobili et po- 
almost contemporaneous poem on the wars and tentiviroJohannide Insulis amicosuocharissimo 
adventures of King Robert Bruce. &c." He died in 1 387, according to these An- 

V. Aengus Oge. He was probably the Mac nals, and this date is corroborated by a letter in 
Donnell, Lord of Arygyle, ^lain at Dundalk Eymer's Fadera, ad an. 1388, empowering the 
in 1318, q. r>. He married Agnes, daughter of Bishop of Sodor to make a treaty, "Cum strenuo 
Cumhaighe O'Cahan. There is on the Chancery viro Godefredo filio Johannis de Yle, nuper 
Rolls, A. D. 1338, a safe conduct for Agnes, Domini Insularum cum Donaldo filio Johanni 
mother of John, Lord of the Isles, to go from de Yle nuper Domini Insularum cum Johanne 
and return to Ireland ad libitum. He had two fratre ejusdem Donaldi." By the daughter of 
sons, 1, John, Lord of the Isles, and 2, Marcus, Rcry Mac Dougall, Chief of Lome, he had, \', 



1894 



QNNaca Rio^hachca emeaNH. 



[1590. 



Gojan mac an ofganaij Do ecc. 

Qob Ruab im Domnaill do bfic hi ccuimpeac in or cliac ppi pe cfopa 
mbliaban, -\ ceopa ttiiY. 6a cocpdb mop mfnman lai^ a bfic amlaib pn i 



Ronald, ancestor of the chieftains of Clann 
Ronald and Glengarry; 2, Godfrey; 3, Aengus. 
By his subsequent marriage with Margaret, 
daughter of Robert II. King of Scotland, he had, 
1, Domhnall, or Donnell na h-Ile, ancestor of 
the Earls of Ross and Lords of the Isles ; 2, 
John Mor, ancestor of the Antrim family ; 3, 
Alexander, the ancestor of the house of Keppoch. 
VII. John Mor. He married Maiy Bissett, \_rec- 
<m«ie Margery?] the daughter [and heir] of Mac 
Eoin Bissett, according to Duald Mac Firbis [Lib. 
GeneaL34I],who states that the Bissetts are of 
Greek blood, and came in with William the Con- 
queror [jqucere, William the Lion?], and that it 
was by her the seven tuaths of the Glinns, to 
which belonged the island of Rachlainn, came to 
the Mac Donnells. Mac Firbis goes on to say 
that the Mac DonneUs owned the Glinns for two 
hundred and thirty-seven years previous to the 
year 1649, in which he compiled their pedigree. 
On the Rolls of Scotland in 1400, there is a safe 
conduct " pro nobili viro Johanni de Insulis 
Domino de Dunwage et de Glynns, et pro Do- 
naldo fratre ejus." See State Papers, Sir Henry 
Sidney, vol. i. pp. 76-79. He had a son, 

VIII. Donnell Ballagh, he is mentioned on 
Patent Roll, 3rd of Edward IV., and he was 
one of the contracting parties to 4he celebrated 
treaty of Ardtornish, printed in full in Rymer's 
Fcedera. After an unsuccessful insurrection 
in Scotland, he fled to the Glinns in Antrim, 
where he was killed, and his head was sent to 
the King of Scotland. He married Johanna, 
daughter of O'Donnell, by whom he had 

IX. Johnof May, who is mentioned on Patent 
Roll of 3 Edw. IV. He married Sabina, daugh- 
ter of Felimy, son of O'Neill. His death is 
recorded, together with that of his son, and 



others his relatives, in the following words, in 
the Annals of Ulster, at the year 1499 : 

" Eoin Mor Mac Donnell, King of the Isles, and 
John Cahanagh, his son, and Randal Roe, and 
DonneU Ballagh [Oge], were hanged together." 
This fact is mentioned in a Gaelic manuscript, 
the date of which is late in the seventeenth cen- 
tury, quoted by Sir Walter Scott, in his notes 
to the " Lord of the Isles," as follows : 

" There happened great feuds between these 
families" [the Mac Ceans and Mac Donalds], 
" while Donald Du" [obiit at Drogheda, 1545, 
see State Papers'] " was in prison ; insomuch 
that Mac Cean of Ardnamurchan [recte ITIac 
eoin of CCpo na mupchon] destroyed the 
greatest part of the posterity of John Mor of 
the Isles and Cantyre. For John Cathanach, 
son of John, son of Donald Ballach, son of John 
Mor, son of John, son of Angus Oge" [the chief 
of the descendants of John Mor], " and John 
Mor, son of John Cathanach, and young John, 
son of John Cathanach, and young Donald Bal- 
lagh, son of John Cathanach, were treacherously 
taken by Mac Cean, in the Island of Finlagan, 
in Isla, and carried to Edinburgh, where he got 
them hanged at the Burrow Muir, and their 
bodies were buried in the church of St. Anthony, 
called the New Church. There were none left 
alive at that time, of the children of John Ca- 
thanach, except Alexander, son of John Catha- 
nach and Agnes Flach" [Ilech], " who concealed 
themselves in the Glens of Ireland. Mac Cean, 
hearing of their hiding places, went to cut down 
the woods of those glens in order to destroy 
Alexander, and extirpate the whole race. At 
length Mac Cean and Alexander met, were re- 
conciled, and a marriage alliance took place ; 
Alexander married Mac Cean's daughter, and 



1590.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1895 



Owen Mac-an-Deaganaigh'' died. 

flugh Koe O'Donnell had [now] been in captivity in Dublin for the space 
of three years and three months. It was [a cause of] great distress of mind to 



she brought him good children." 

X. John Cahanagh, son of John of Islay. Ac- 
cording to the Annals of Ulster, he slew, in 
1494, Alexander Mac Gilespick Mac Donnell, 
the head of the Mac Donnells. He married Celia, 
daughter of Savadge, Lord of the Ardes, and 
had by her a son, 

XI. Alexander Carragh. It appears from 
various documents among the printed State 
Papers, temp. Hen. VIII., that from about the 
year 1520, the Mac DonneUs of the Isles began 
to form permanent settlements in the north- 
east of the present county of Antrim. In the 
list of the chieftains of Ulster in 1515, in the 
third part of the State Papers, p. 7, there is no 
mention of any Mac Donnell; but Fytz John 
Byssede, of the Gl)nmes, is mentioned as one 
of the " greate Englyshe rebelles of Wolster." 
In 1533, however, they were numerous in the 
Glinnfe, as appears from a report of the Irish 
Council to Cromwell, in which the following 
statement occurs : 

" The Scotts also inhabith now buyselly a 
great part of Ulster, which is the Kinge's inhe- 
ritaunce ; and it is greatly to be fearid, oonles 
that in short tyme they be dryven from the 
same, that they bringing yn more nombre daily, 
woll, by lyttle and lyttle, soo far encroche in 
acquyring and wynnyng the possessions there, 
with thaidis of the Kingis disobeysant Irishe 
rebelles, whoo doo nowe aide theym therein after 
suche maner that at leyngth they will put and 
expell the King from his hole seignory theire." 
— Staie Papers, Ireland, vol. ii. p. 172. 

And in a report of Alan to Cromwell in 1539, 
same vol. p. 136, he says : 

" I moch suspect the King of Scottes, that 
so moch tendereth the amitie of theis men, 



which no King of Scottes hath been seen to doo 
befor. He hath also this yere twice sent for 
Alexander Carragh, Capteyne of the Scottes of 
this lande, who hath goon thider, and by his 
retorne it is perceyvid what busynes he had 
ther ; but oonlie it appereth he was well enter- 
teyned in the Courte of Scotland, though of 
trowthe ther was no amitie but mortalitie be- 
twixt them ; the Kinge of Scottes and anteces- 
sours having killed and put to death the said 
Alexander's fader, grandfader, and gretegrand- 
fader, and exiled him owte of the Isles, whereby 
he was compelled to inhabite here. But I sus- 
pecte playnelie that if any busyness shalbe the 
said King hath interteyned this man havinge 
both knowlege and power with him in this 
land to be a chieftayne for this purpoos." 

He married Catherina, daughter of Mac Eoin, 
Chief of Ardnamurchon, in Scotland, and had 
issue: 1, James ; 2, Alexander Oge, who slew 
Shane an Diomais O'Neill ; 3, Gillaspick ; 4, 
Donnell Ballagh ; 5, Angus Uaibhreach, i. e. the 
haughty ; 6, CoUa Duv-na-gCapull, i. e. Black 
Colla of the Horses ; 7, Sorley Boy ; and, ac- 
cording to Duald Mac Firbis, 8, Donnell Gorm. 
James, who was his eldest son, as appears from 
the State Papers most clearly, was elected Lord 
of the Isles on the death, at Drogheda, in 1545, of 
Donnell Duv, the last descendant of the last Lord 
of the Isles recognised by the King of Scotland. 
This James married the Lady Agnes Campbell, 
daughter of the fourth Earl of Argyle. He died 
of his wounds received in the battle of Glen- 
shesk, from Shane O'Neill, in 1566 ; leaving 
issue: 1, Angus, who succeeded his father in 
Scotland, and is called in some Irish MSS. ITIac 
t)orhnuiU na h-Qlban, i.e. Mac Donnell of Scot- 
land. He was of Duneveg, and forfeited by insur- 



1896 



awNata Rioghachca eiReanH. 



[1590. 



noaop bpoicc, -] nip bo p6 a Daij buDein acr ap baij na Daofpcimmeacca i 
TTibdrcap a cip,-i a ralom, a cai|iDe,-| a coimpialuf in gach maijin peacnon 
Gpeann. l?o baoi occa pccpuoab ina mfnmain oo jpep caioe an ceappup 
elu6a p6 jebab. Nip bo pobaing boporh an ni pm, dp Dop puccra i cubacail 
poipiara ip in caiplen jac noi6ce Dm lomcoiTTieD conoup piccfo repr ap a 
bapac. 6d imne baoi an caiplen hipm -] Ifcanclaip IdnDorham lionn- 
uipcce ina uipcimceall, "] cldp6poicfc corholuca puippe p6 fpcomaip bopaip 
an Duine, -| gappalj jpuamaineac na njall amuij -] hipcij imon Dopup Dia 
bupcoirhecc co nd Diccpeab aon cdippib munn ndc amac gan accortiapc, Qp a 
aoi nf bf ppioraipe ap nac ppajcap paill pd 6e6i6. 5uf Qob co nopuing Dia 



rection the lands of Kin tire, which were granted 
to the Earl of Argyle, when a commission issued 
to the Earl of Huntly to fextirpate ' ' the barba- 
rous people of the Isles within a year." This 
Angus was father of Sir James Mac Donnell of 
Knockinsay, whose estates descended to two 
daughters, co-heiresses. 2, Donnell Glorm, who, 
on Sept. 18, 1584, by articles, between Sir John 
Perrott and the rest of the Council there, and this 
Donnell Gorm called of the Glynnes in Ulster, 
" was to hold so much of the Glynnes as were 
the lands of Mysset, alias Bysset, he undertaking 
not to serve any foreign prince or potentate, 
nor " kepe any Scottes but such as bte natives 
of Irelande without lycense." Always to serve 
" against Severlie Bwoy" [Sorley Boy, his own 
uncle], "and any other forraine Scot." This 
Donnell Gorm was slain by Sir Kichard Bing- 
ham, at Ardnarea, in Connaught, A. D. 1586. 
James had also Donnell and Alexander, who 
were slain at Ardnarea, and two other sons who 
were slain by Captain Merriman in 1585. This 
James was also father of Ineenduv, the wife of 
Sir Hugh 0' Donnell, and mother of the great 
Hugh Roe O'Donnell, of Eory, the first Earl of 
Tirconnell, and of Caffar O'Donnell. 

XII. Sorley Boy, whom all accounts mention 
as the youngest son of Alexander Carragh, ob- 
tained a patent of denization of Ireland on the 
14th of April, 1573, when he acknowledged the 



Queen's right to Ulster and the Crown of Ire- 
land, professed obedience and swore to be a 
true subject, in consideration of which he was 
thenceforward to be considered a free denizen, 
" not as mere Irish, Scottish-Irish, or a stran- 
ger." — Holl. There are various original letters 
and papers relating to his affairs, and those of 
his brothers, preserved in the Cotton Library,' 
Vespasian, F, 12, and Titus, B. 13, which de- 
serve examination. The last of these is his In- 
denture of Submission, dated 18th June, 1586. 
He married Mary, the daughter of Con XD'Neill, 
first Earl of Tyrone, and had by her, according 
to Duald Mac Firbis, four sons, viz., 1, Sir 
James ; 2, Sir Randal, created Viscount Dun- 
luce and first of the Earls of Antrim (whose 
genealogy may be seen in Lodge's Peerage), by 
James I. ; 3, Donnell ; 4, Aengus. Lodge adds, 
and correctly, another son, Alexander, who was 
slain by Captain Merriman in 1585. 

XIII. Sir James was Lord of the Route and 
Glynnes. He had several children by Mary, 
daughter of Hugh mac Felim O'Neill of Clan- 
naboy. But whether he was lawfully married 
to her was a matter of dispute after his death. 
His son, Alexander, who was afterwards created 
a baronet, rose in arms about 1G14, alleging as 
the cause of his insurrection that he was the 
right heir to the lands of the Route, and not 
"Sir Randal,- his uncle MS. Trin. Coll. Dub- 



1.5'JO.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1897 



him to be thus imprisoned ; yet it was not for his own sake [that he grieved], 
but for the sake of his country, his land, his friends, and kinsmen, who were in 
bohdage throughout Ireland. He was constantly revolving in his mind the 
manner in which he might make his escape. Thi,s was not an easy matter for 
liim, for he was confined in a closely-secured apartment every night in the castle 
until sunrise' the next day. This castle was surrounded by a wide and very 
deep ditch, fiill of water, across which was a wooden bridge, directly opposite 
the door of the fortress ; and within and without the door were stationed a 
stern party of Englishmen, closely guarding it, so that none might pass in or out 
without examination. There is, however, no guard' whose vigilance may not 



lin. It is most likely that Sir James, hav- 
ing 'died during the minority of his children, 
their inheritance was usurped, under the colour 
of Tanistry, by their uncle, Sir Eandal, who ob- 
tained a grant of it from King James I. in 1603 ; 
and that this insurrection took place when Sir 
James's heir was of age to assert his claims. 
The grant to his uncle from the Crown, of 
course, would sufficiently account for his failure. 
Much curious evidence could be adduced in sup- 
port of this conjecture ; but it would extend this 
note beyond all reasonable limits to adduce it. 

XIV. This Sir Alexander, who was of Moyane, 
in the county of Antrim, in 1634 had married 
Evelin, daughter of Sir Arthur Magennis, first 
Viscount Iveagh, and had, 

XV. Sir James of Ballybanagh, in the county 
of Antrim, second Baronet, who married Mary, 
daughter of Donough O'Brien, of the county of 
Clare. He was attainted in 1691. He had : 
1, Colonel Sir Alexander Mac Donnell, who is 
mistaken by Lodge for Colla Kittagh, who was 
also a Sir Alexander Mac Donnell, having been 
knighted by Montrose on the field, and who was 
slain in the battle of Knocknanos, Cnoc na n-op, 
i. e.. Hill of the Fawns, in the county of Cork, 
by Inchiquin, in 1647. Colonel Alexander, the 
son of Sir James, married Lady Elizabeth How- 
ard, daughter of Henry Earl of Surrey, Arundel, 
and Norfolk, and had issue, by her Eandal, who 

11 



died without issue, and who, as well as his father 
(who was killed in a duel, A. D. 1677), died in 
the life-time of Sir James, the second baronet. 

XVI. The second son of Sir James was 
Captain Eandal, who became third baronet. He 
commanded a ship of war in the service of 
Charles II., accompanied James II. to Ireland, 
and followed his fortunes abroad. He died about 
the year 1720, leaving, besides his eldest son 
James (who would have been fourth baronet but 
for the attainder, and who died unmarried, and 
was buried in the churchyard of St. James, 
Dublin, 24th May, 1728), a second son, Ean- 
dall, who was commonly called Sir Eandall, of 
Cross, county of Antrim, who commanded a regi- 
ment of the Irish Brigade in France, and died 
therein 1740 without issue, leaving his third 
brother, 

XVII. John-Eichard, who then succeeded to 
the family property. 

■I Mac an Deaganaigh, i. e. son of the Dean. 
This name is still common in Tyrone, and angli- 
cised Mac Digany by some, and Deane by others. 

' Until sunrise, conbup piccfo cepc .i. 50 
brijeao cm iriaioin, no eipijio jpeirie. The 
word cepc is explained " teriia hora" in Cor- 
mac's Glossary, and " sunrise" by O'Eeilly, in 
his Irish Dictionary. 

' No guard, literally, " however, there is no 
guarding of which an advantage is not got at 



1898 QHNW.a Rio^hacbca eiReawH. [1590. 

aop cumca ina payipab i nneipiuD seirhpiD do y^onnpaD ] nupcopac oi6ce pe 
yiu DO paca ip na cubaclaib poipmca i mbfcip gac noiDce. Oo bepcpac ceo 
pepeaD po poDa leo gup an ppenepcep baoi pop a monchaib, -] Dup pel^fo 
pfop ppip na puainfmnaib 50 capblaingpfc popp an upopocac baof alia mm^ 
DO Dopup an Dunam. 6uf 16 impfrhap lapnaije ap an ccomlaD ppi a cappainj 
cucca amac Do neoc an can baD a&laic. Oo pacpom bale Idn plaice Do 
cponn comDoinsfn cpep an i6 ap na ciopDa Dm ccogpaim co cinnfpnac ap an 
DunaiD. T?o baoi occlac do pammuincip an aoDa 1 ppoicill a neluDa, ■] Do 
pala pi&e Doib lap ccoiDeacc amac -] Dot lanncloibfrh Idncooac laip p6 a 
coim, -| DO bfpc illairh an ao6a. Oo pace cloiDfrh Dibpibe Dia poile laoc 
ampa do laijnib, Qpc caorhanac aca comnaic, faa liaippij lopjaile 1 ba 
caoipeac lom^ona eipi&e. 

CiD lac na popcoirheDaije cpa ni po pdcaijpfc ineallrha an celuD,"] ci6 
an can cucpac Dia nui6 e, Do cfngac p6 ceDoip Do paijiD Dopaip an caipceoil 
arhail ap Deirle conpangaccap uaip po baD Doi j leo co ccdippiccfp lacc 1 
ccpaice. lap poccain Doib jup an Dopup poppemiD poppa a epplogab conoup 
capopacc ppi a ccojaipm cuca an luce Do pala ip na cijib bacap pop 
lonchaib an Dopaip Don ca6b apaill Don cppaicc. Qn can cangaccap pibe 

length." The word ppiocaipe is explained vi- [puaineam] with them, and they let themselves 

ffilia in Cormac's Glossary, and " paipe no down by the rope through the privy-house." — « 

Fopcoim^D," by O'Clery. O^Eeilly's Copy, p. 5, but it is used in theBa«/e 

' Before they were put — Tliis Irish idiom, 0/ if ag'A iSa^A, in this sense of loop. — Seep. 284, 

which the Irish peasantry have introduced into line 25. 

their English, is not strictly correct. It could f Closed it, literally, for one to pull it [i. e. 

be easily corrected thus : jiepiu painic an uaip the door] out to him when he desired it. This 

a pacaoi laoipna cuBaclaib popiaca I mbicip idiom translates very clumsily into English, 

jac noiDce, i. e. " before the hour arrived at It should be : " there was a strong iron chain 

which they used to be put into the close cells attached to this door, by which the door was 

in which they used to be every night." fastened on the outside when occasion required." 

■^ Of the rope — This word is not in the pub- '■ Awaiting their escape. — Fynes Moryson and 
lished dictionaries ; but in the Life of Hugh Sir Richard Cox seem to believe that a certain 
Roe O'Donncll, by Cucogry O'Clery, it is used great man [the , Lord Deputy William Fitz- 
to denote a rope. Thus, in describing the es- William, who endeavoured to make profit of his 
cape of which we are now treating, it is used office] was privy to the escape of these pri- 
thus: " Qc pajac laprcain jup an Fpiailcfch T soners ; and Leland, a far more honest histo- 
puaineam piorpooa leo, -] 00 pelccfc plop laip rian than either, is of the same opinion. Le- 
an puainearii cpep an ppelcij,'' " They after- land says that they first attempted to bribe 
wards went to the privy, having a long rope their keeper, who disclosed their offer to the 



1390.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1899 

some time or other be baffled. At the very end of winter, as Hugh and a party 
of his companions were together, in the beginning of the night, before they 
were put' into the close, cells in which they used to be every night, they took 
with them a very long rope to a window which was near them, and by means of 
the rope" they let themselves down, and alighted upon the bridge that was 
outside the door of the fortress. There was a thick iron chain fastened to this 
door, by which one closed it' when required ; through this chain they drove a 
strong handful of a piece of timber, [and thus fastened the door on the outside], 
so that they could not be immediately pursued from the fortress. There was 
a youth of Hugh's faithful people [outside] awaiting their escape^, and he met 
them on coming out, with two well-tempered swords concealed under his gar- 
ments ; these he gave into the hand of Hugh, who presented one of them to a 
certain renowned warrior of Leinster, Art Kavanagh by name", who was a 
champion in battle, and a commander in conflict 

As for the guards, they did not perceive the escape for soitie time ; but when 
they took notice of it they advanced immediately to the door of the castle, for 
they thought that they should instantly*" catch them. Upon coming to the gate, 
they could not open it ; whereupon they called over to them those who hap- 
pened to be in the houses on the other side of the street, opposite the door [of 
the castle]. When these came at the call, and took"" the piece of timber out of 
the chain, and threw open the door for the people in the castle, who [then] set 
•out, with a great number of the citizens, in pursuit of the youths who had 

Lord Deputy; that this keeper was instantly aca comainm." — H, 3, 18, p. 529, T. C. D 

displaced by the Lord Deputy, who substituted This personage is unsatisfactorily introduced 

one of his own servants in his room ; " a cir- here. In the Life of Hugh Koe O'Donnell, by 

cumstence which gave rise to a suspicion that Cucogry O'Clery, in the Library of the Royal 

Fitz-WiUiamhimself was not unacquainted with Irish Academy, it is stated that this Art Kava- 

their design, nor averse to favouring it." It is, nagh remained behind the fugitives, in the 

however, quite evident from this, and the ac- streets of the city, to cover the retreat : " t)o 

count of the escape of Hugh O'Donnell, written pac lapatfi p ciar pop lopj oo na hojaiB cpe 

by Cucogry O'Clery, that the Irish did not be- rr"'^'*^ ^ r^^'j^'^ °" Baile." — p. 4. 

lieve that the Lord Deputy was privy to the -'' Instantly, i ccpaice. " Cpaitj .i. luar, no 

escape. It was evidently 'concerted between obann." — O'Clery. " Cpoib .i. obano no lu- 

Fitz- William and Hugh, Earl of Tyrone, who ac f, unde dicitur, cicpa a cpaioe .i. co luac." 

buried the secret in " altitudine profunda — Cormac^s Glossary. See the Editor's Irish 

animi." Grammar, part ii. c. vi. p. 265, Formation of 

" Ah Kavanagh by name, " ac coriinaic, .i. Adverbs. 

11 I 2 



igoo aHNQf-a Rioshachca eiReawN. [1590. 

pon cojaipm po jaDpac an c]ianD baof qiep an i6 eifce, 1 Do lecfc an com- 
lab ruaf do luce an caif ceoill, Do Deocacap co nopuinj nioip do luce na 
carpac ilirnmam na nocc ac pulaccap uaohaib. Ni baof bd Do poDain uaip 
bdcop pom alia mui§ Do ihupaib an baile, [pia] piu po pafaijicc ap pobccap 
fpploicre obela Doippi na piojcarpac an lonbaiD pin pop a ccionn, -] Ran- 
jarcap pop peiD ancplebc baof pAnpa .1. an pliab l?uaiD -] ni poleicc an oman 
Doib pibe apcndifi ipin conaip coiccinn icip. Ni po anpac Dia peimim 50 
pangacrap lap pcfp apcaip i imcecca capp an puaiDpliab pethpaice. O pob- 
Dap pcirhii^ cnippi^ciajaicc jupan ccoileaD cliocapbluirpopcaorhnacaip pop 
a ccinD, 1 aipipic nmce co maDam. Oo beapcpacc lappuiDe lairh pop imbecc 
ap nfp bo hinniU leo anrhain ipin ppioDbab ap oifian a ccopaigeacca, ap a 
aoi nfp bo cualanij aob ap apccndm Id a ofp cumca, uaip po cpejDab a 
, rpoijre co.nnjeala canaije Id haiccfn an cpleibe ap po beiccepbebjicr 
a nnppa ppiu lap pccuofleaD 1 nuamann Idp an ppleachab nd puatppeaD 56 pin. 
6d paec mop Id a aop cumra nd po peDpar leo e nf bdb pipiu, "] ciomnaic 
celeabpab bo,-] pdgbaicc bCnoaccoin occa. l?o paofb piurh a pfp niuinnpe 50 
apoile Duine uapal Do paopclanDaib coiccib laijfn do pala hi ccaiprmll ina 
compocpaib oup an ppoijbeab a lomnpnabab no a imbi'Dfn occa. pdim 
6 ruarail a plonDob, 1 bd capa Do aeDh pia ponn (an Daplaip) uaip Do coib 

"^ Had been wide open, i. e. happened to be Gilla-Comhghaill, who was son of Duncuan, son 

open, i. e. the hour for closing them had not of Gilla- Kevin, son of Gilla-Comhghaill, son of 

arrived. Duncuan, son of Dunlang, who died in 1013, 

'^ Sliabh Ruadh, — See note ■", under the year (whose brother Ugaire, king of Leinster, was 

1535, p. 1420; and note ', under the year 1557, slain at Bithlann, now Belin, near Athy, in Kil- 

p. 1548, supra. dare, in the battle fought against the Danes, A. D. 

' To know. — " tDup .i. oa piop." — O^Clery. 976), son of Tuathal, king of Leinster, who died 

f Fdim (y Toole. — He was O'Toole of Feara in 956, and from whom the surname of O'Tua- 

Cualann, aud lived at Powerscourt. He was the thail, or O'Toole, has been derived, who was the 

son of Turlough, who was son of Art, who flou- son of Ugaire, king of Leinster, who was slain by 

rished chief in 1497, son of Edmond, slain 1488, the Danes, under the command of Sitric Mac 

son of Theobald, sonof Dermot, slain 1445, a;tat. Ivor, at the battleof Cinu fuaidli, A.D. 915, who 

80, son of Hugh, Lord of Imaile, slain 1376, son was the son of OilloU, son of Dunlang, son of 

of David, hanged at Dublin, 1328, son of Faelan, Muireadhach, son of Bran, king of Leinster, who 

or Felim, Lord of Hy-Murray, d. 1260, son of died in 790, who was the son of Murchadh, son of 

GiUa- Kevin, son of Walter, son of Gilla-Kevin, Muireadhach, from wliom the tribe name of 

(whose brother, Muircheartach, chief of Ily- O'Muireadhaigh was derived, who was the son of 

Muireadhaigh, was father of St. Lorcan, or Lau- Murchadh Mor, who died in 721, son of Bran 

rence O'Toole, who died in 1180, q. v.), son of Mut,kingof Leinster, died 687, son of Conall, son 



1590.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. - 1<)()1 

escaped from them ; but this was fruitless, for they [the fugitives] had passed 
beyond the walls of the city before they were missed, for the gates of the regal 
city had been wide open' at the time ; and they pursued their way across the 
face of the mountain which lay before them, namely, Sliabh Kuadh"*, being afraid 
to venture at all upon the public road, and never halted in their course until 
after a fatiguing journey and travelling, until they had crossed the Red moun- 
tain aforesaid. When, weaiy and fatigued, they entered a thick wood which 
lay in their way, where they remained until morning. They then attempted 
to depart, for they did not deem it safe to remain in the wood, from fear of being 
pursued ; but Hugh was not able to keep pace with his companions, for his 
white-skinned [and] thin feet had been pierced by the furze of the mountain, 
for his shoes had fallen off, their seams having been loosened by the wet, which 
they did not till then receive. It was great grief to his companions that they 
could not bring him any further ; and so they bade him farewell, and left him 
their blessing. 

He sent his servant to a certain gentleman of the noble tribes of the province 
of Leinster, who lived in a castle in the neighbourhood, to know' whether he 
could afford them shelter or protection. His name was Felim O'Toole'^, and he 
was previously a friend to Hugh, as he thought, for he had gone to visit him 

ot'Faelau, died665,sonof Colman, sonof Carbry, O'Tooles, in a manuscript in the Koyal Irish 
son of Cormac, king of Leinster, died 536, son Academy, this Felim had a sou, Garrett, who 
of Oilioll, king of Leinster, who was baptized had a son, Turlough. The Editor has not been 
by St. Patrick at Naas (whose elder brother able to trace the descendants of this Felim, to a 
Illann, was king of Leinster, and died in 506, later period. Another distinguished branch of 
and had also been baptized by St. Patrick), who the family resided at Castlekevin, in the dis- 
was the son of Dunlang (See Tripartite Life of trict of Fir- Tire, the head of which, Art Oge 
St. Patrick, apud Colgan, in Trias Thaum., lib. O'Toole, the son of Art, son of Edmond, slain 
iii. c. .xvi., pp. 151, 152), who was son of Enna 1488, &c. received a grant of the manor of Cas- 
Nia, son of Breasal Belach, the common ancestor tlekevin, and the territory of the Fertyr, from 
of the O'Tooles, O'Byrnes, and Mac Murroughs. Henry VIII. He had a son, Luke, who died 
It appears from Patent Roll, 1 Jac. L, that seised of the manor of Castlekevin in 1565, leav- 
this Felim and Brian O'Toole forfeited the ing a son, Barnaby, or Bernard, of Castlekevin, 
whole territory of " Fercuolen," tive miles in who rebelled with his brother-in-law, Feagh 
length and four in breadth, which was granted mac Hugh O'Byme, in 1596. He died on the 
on the 27th of October, 1603, to Richard Wing- 1 7th of January, 1596, leaving a son and heir, 
field Knight, Marshal of the King's forces.— Luke, alias Pheagh, aged eight[een] years. 
See Erck's RepeHory of the Chancery Enrolments, King James granted his estate to John Wake- 
Dublin, 1846. According to a pedigree of the man, Esq., who, with others, by deed dated 5th 



1902 



awNaca Rioghachca emeaNW. 



[1.590. 



oia pioppujaD poifi pecc naile ipin ccuinipeac i mbaof m dc cliac co |io nmbm- 
pfr a ccapacrpab oiblinib pyii a ]ioile. Cum an ceacca co haipm i mbaof 
pebm, ■] acpec do an coipcc ima ccctinicc. 6d paoili^ piurh piam, "] po 
rinjeall 50 noeipj^enab 506 mair oia ccaorhpab Do aob. Qp a aof cpd ni po 
pobaimpro a caipoe nac a compuilije bo a bi'clfic ap uaihan pmacc cana 



December, 1609, enfeoflfed Luke, alias Ffeagh 
O'Toole, of all the said territory of Fcrtry, as 
fully as he possessed same ; and said Luke was 
in possession thereof for eleven years previous 
to 21st April, 1636. — See Inquisition taken at 
Wioklow at that date. This Feagh, or Luke 
O'Toole, was J. P. in the county of Wicklow in 
1630, and a Colonel of the Confederate Catho- 
lics in 1641. In May, 1650, he received the 
following commission from the Catholic Bishops, 
of which there is a copy authenticated by- his 
own oath and signature in the manuscript De- 
positions, preserved in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, 3555, Wicklow, vol. F. 2. 14 : 

"To Colonel Luke, alias Pheagh O'Tohill, 
greeting, in our Lord God everlasting. 

" Sir, — The pressing calamitie of this king- 
dom, wherewith the holy Catholique, Aposto- 
lique, and Roman religion, his sacred Majesties 
Right, and the just liberties of us his loyall 
subjects, are like to be trode under foote by a 
company of prophane and mechanical Rebells 
(made instruments of God's wrath to punish our 
sinnes), together with the confidence wee have 
in your zeal, worth, and wisdom, to redeem 
those soe deare pleadges, invites us to call to 
your assistance. Giving you hereby full power 
and authoritie to levie, leade, and command a 
Regiment of foot, and a troope of horse, praying 
you to containe the said Regiment and troope 
as much as may be from incurring God's just 
anger, especially from oppressing the poore, 
swering, and stealing ; Giving you to under- 
stand wee are hereunto authorized by his Ex- 
cellency the Lord Livetenant, Marquess of 
Ormond, as appeareth by his letter, dated at. 



Loughriagh the first of last April. Wee also 
pray you, with the consent of the gentry there, 
to chose among yourselves in those partes, a 
commander in cheefe, and that each Colonel may 
choose his own Officers. We will not cease to 
pray his divine Majestie to encouradg you to 
fight in his quarrell, and bless your designs. 
Farewell. Given at Cavan, the second of May, 
1650. 



■ H. Ardmach. 

EUG. KiLMOREN. 

Fr. Thomas Dublin. 
Fa. Edmumdus Lagh- 

LINENSIS. 



Fr. Antonius Clun- 

macnosensis. 
Walter B. Clonfert. 
James Dempsie, Vic. 

Appo. of Kildaee." 



" This is a true copie of the originall remayn- 
ing with me. 

" Luc. Toolle. 
" The 7th September, 1652." 

. Til^s celebrated man was imprisoned in Dub- 
lin in 1652, in his seventy-fifth year, as ap- 
pears from the Depositions just referred to. He 
left at least four sons, namely : l, Barnaby, who 
was living at Harold's Grange, near Rathfarn- 
ham, in 1641, and who is named in the list of 
Wicklow Rebels in the manuscript Depositions ; 
2, Donough, a Lieutenant-Colonel of the Confe- 
derate Catholics ; 3, Christopher, a Major in 
the same service; and, 4, Turlougli. 

The Editor has not been able to trace his 
descendants to a later period. Two families of 
the O'Tooles settled in the county of "Wexford, 
where they still inherit property. The head of 
the more distinguished of these families, in the 
last century, was Laurence O'Toole, Esq., of 
Buckstown and Fairfield, in the county of 



1590] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1903 



ou one occasion in his prison in Dublin, when they formed a mutual friendship 
with each other. The messenger proceeded to the place where Felim was, and 
stated to him the embassy on which he came. Felim was glad at his arrival, 
and promised that he would do all the good h'e could for Hugh ; but his friends 
and kindred did not allow him to conceal him, from fear of the English govern- 



Wexford. This Laurence, who was born in 
1722, served in the Irish Brigade in France, 
and died in 1794, and was buried at Killilly, 
near Castle-Talbot, county of Wexford. He 
married, 1 , a Margaret Masterson, of Castletown 
and Monaseed, in the county of Wexford, and 
had by her Colonel Count John O'TooIc, of the 
French service, who was considered the hand- 
somest man in Paris before the first revolution. 
He died at Ballinafad, near Gorey, about twenty- 
five years ago. This Count John O'Toole mar- 
ried Lady Catherine Annesley, daughter of the 
last Earl of Anglesea, and had by her Laurenzo 
O'Toole, Esq., whomarrieda Miss Hall, of Holly- 
bush, Derbyshire, an heiress of very large for- 
tune, by whom he had a son, Lorenzo O'Toole, 
who succeeded to his mother's property, which 
is worth about £20,000 per annum, and changed 
his name to Hall. 

By his first marriage he had, 2, Luke, who 
was in the French service, and was guillotined 
at the Revolution, leaving one daughter, whose 
fate is unknown to the family ; 3, Laurence, who 
settled in the Isle de Bourbon, where he mar- 
I'ied the daughter of the Governor, and died 
tliere, leaving a son now (1847) living in the 
island of Maida; 4, Edward, who served with 
Lord Rodney, but no account of him has reached 
his family for the last sixty years. He had also 
three daughters, who married, and have left 
issue, the third of whom, Mary, married Wil- 
liam Talbot, Esq., of Castle Talbot, who died in 
1 796, by whom she had issue five sons, Matthew, 
William, Roger, and Laurence, and three daugh- 
ters; 1, Maria Theresa, wlio married John, now 
Earl of Shrewsbury; 2, Juliatin, who married 



Major Bishopp ; and 3, Margaret, who married 
Colonel Bryan, of Jenkinstown. 

Laurence O'Toole, Esq., the father of Count 
John, married, secondly, Eliza, second daughter 
of William Talbot, Esq., of Ballynamona, in 
the county of Wexford, and had by her ; 1 , 
William, who was in the Irish Brigade in 
France, and died, unmarried, in 1798; 2, Mat- 
thew, who was in the French service, which he 
left at the Revolution, and afterwards, in 1798, 
in Baron Hompesch's [Hessian] Hussars, and 
died about 1806; leaving by his wife, Frances 
Tighe of Warfield ; 1, Matthew, Captain of 82nd 
regiment, nqw (1847) aged about forty-five; 2,_ 
Edward, now in India; and three daughters: 

The third son of Laurence O'Toole, by his se- 
cond marriage, was Brian O'Toole, who was a 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the British service, Com- 
mander of the Bath, Grand Cross of the Tower 
and Sword (Portugal), Cross of Merit (England), 
Cross of St. Louis and St. Lazare (France), Colo- 
nel of Portuguese Ca^adores in the Peninsular 
war. He died at Fairfield, in the county of Wex- 
ford, sineprole, in February, 1825, and was inter- 
red at Piercestown, in the barony of Forth, where 
a monument was erected to his memory by his 
relative, John Hyacinth Talbot, Esq. of Talbot 
Hall, late M. P. for New Ross. 4, Andrew 
O'Toole, who served in the Armee des Princes, 
and died of fatigue, sim prole. Lawrence had 
also several daughters, two of whom, unmarried, 
are still living at Fairfield, near Wexford. 

The late William Toole, Esq. of Edermine, 
near Enniscorthy, was the head of the second 
branch of the Wexford O'Tooles. He mar- 
ried a Miss Hatchell, and had issue : 1 , Laurence 



1904 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1591. 

na ngdll. Ro pCy laporh poppa a bfirpiurh ipin coiUeab arhail acpubpamap, •] 
po cuap leo pop a mpaip .1. lap an lucr arcualaig a bfir ipin ppioobab, -| 00 
leiccicc CO na luipcc pop a poilleacr. O Pob epoalra Id peibm a pagbailjOp 
f coriiaiple bo 00 poine piuiii -] a bpdirpi laD babein nm fpT^abdil -] a bpHr Do 
cum an cpfnab gup an ccafpaij pop cculaib oopfbipi. Do 5nir parhlaib. O 
painicc pi6e co bar cbar, Robcap pnbaije an corhaiple Dia poccain cuca, -|r)o 
ponpac neppni "] bpij mbicc Don uile jmlli aircipi oile po elaiopfc uabaib. 
l?o cuipeao ipin ccapcaip ceona do piDipi e -| do bpfca 7;riinel ^laipiapainn 
pna peib ap cwimge conpangarrap, -] po bor occd ppiraipe -] occcii popcoirheD 
orhail ap Deac po peDpac. Ro clop 50 coiccionn po epic nepeann a elubpom 
parhlaib, 1 a fpsabdil Dopib pi, "| po la pocc mop pop ^aoibealaib De pibe. 

aOlS CRIOSC, 1591. 
Qoip Cpiopc, inile, cuicc ceD, nocarc, a haon. 

O Ruaipc bpian (.1. bpian na mupra) mac bpiam mic eoccam Do lonnap- 
bab (amail Do pcpiobab cuap) 1 ccip conuill gup na cuaraib, 1 baoi cuilleab" 
ap bliabain i ppocaip TTlbec puibne eojan occ. Oo coib lap pin co halbain 
ap odij caoitina no compupracca Dpajbdil 6 pij alban. Rugpac Dpong Do 
muincip na bainpiojna paip, ~\ Do beapac leo 650 Sa;)cain 1 co lonnDain, 1 bai 
le hachaib illoim ann pin 50 cepma na parhna ap ccionn. Ro cuipeab 

Toole, Esq. of Edennine, who sold Edermine to " O'Donnell was again shut up in the Castle 

Sir John Power, Bart, of Roebuck, and died of Dublin, where he was loaded with irons ; and 

sine prole ; 2, William Toole, Captain of the 40th his escape and the manner of his recommittal 

Regiment, J. P., county of Wexford, now living, convulsed the minds of his exasperated coun- 

Hepossesses a small estate in the barony of Shel- trymen with the alternate agitations of grief, 

maliere. indignation, and despair." — Memoirs, ^c, p. 107. 

8 The English Government, literally, " the It may be here observed that it was the aftei- 

control of the law of the English." Doctor cdehrity of Hugh Roe that caused this over- 

O'Conor, in his suppressed work. Memoirs of drawn account of the sympathy of the Irish 

Charles 0' Conor of Belanagare, -p. 107, says that people with him to be written; because the 

O'Toole assured him of his protection, recom- senior sept of Con O'Donnell, and their adhe- 

mending to him, however, to lie quiet in the rents, would have rejoiced at seeing him cut 

wood, as hisgiving him public protection, so near oflf. 

Dublin, would give umbrage to Governmnu. ' Brian na Murtha, son of ^rwrn.— Charles 



h 



Great gloom, pec m6p._I)r. O'Conor c.x- O' Conor of Belanagare adds, inter lineas, that 
presses it thus : Brian na Murtha was the son of Brian Ballagh -, 



1591.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1905 

ment^. These learned that he was in the wood, as we have said, and they 
(i. e. the people who had heard that he was in the wood) went in search of 
him, and dispersed with their troops to track him. When it was clear to Felim 
that he [Hugh] would be discovered, he and his kinsmen resolved to seize upon 
him themselves, and bring him back to the Council in the city. This was 
accordingly done. When he [Hugh] arrived in Dublin, the Council were 
rejoiced at his return to them ; for they made nothing or light of all the other 
prisoners and hostages that had escaped from them. He was again put into 
the same prison, and iron fetters were put upon him as tightly as possible ; and 
they watched and guarded him as well as they could. His escape, thus attempted, 
and his recapture, became known throughout the land of Ireland, at which 
[tidings] a great gloom" came over the Irish people. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 159L 

The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred ninety-one. 

O'Rourke, i.e. Brian-na-Murtha, the son of Brian', son of Owen, was ba- 
nished, as stated before, into the Tuatha in Tirconnell, where he remained 
upwards of a year with Mac Sweeny (Owen Oge). After that he passed into 
Scotland, in hopes of obtaining protection or assistance from the King of Scot- 
land. A party of the Queen's people, [however], took him prisoner, and carried 
him into England and into London, where he remained for some time" in prison, 
[i. e.] until the ensuing November Term. The law was urged against him', and 

and that Owen, the father of Brian Ballagh, was " Bryan O'Rourke, the Irish potentate, being 

the son of Tiernan, son of Xeige, son of Tiernan thus, by the King of Scotts, sent into England, 

Mc)re. was arraigned in> Westminsterhall : his indict- 

^ For some time, 16 hachaio This phrase ments were, that he had stirred Alexander Mac 

is redundant, and should be left out, i. e. it is Connell, and others ; had scornfully dragged 

an error of construction, not an idiomatic re- the Queen's picture att a horse-taile and dis- 

dundance of the language. _ gracefully cut the same in pieces ; giving the 

' The law was urged against him. — An English Spaniards entertainment, against a proclama- 

writer would say, he was tried according to the tion ; fier'd many houses, &c. This being told 

English law. The following account of his trial him by an interpreter (for- he understood noe 

and death is given in a manuscript History of English), he said he would not submit himself 

Ireland, preserved in the Library of the Royal to a tryall of twelve men, nor make answer, 

Irish Academy, p. 452 : except the Queen satt in person to judge him. 

11 K 



1906 



aHNa?,a Rio^hachca eiReawM. 



[1591. 



olicceaD paip 50 po Daopa6 Do cum baip. Ro cpochaD po Dicfnoao "] Do 
ponaD cfcpamna be laparh. Ro ba6 do rhoippgelaib jaoibel oi&eaD an bpiain 
hipin, uaip nf cainicc Dia bunab ppeirii 6 cfin riidip neac no Deappccaijpfb De 
De ap Deaplaccao ap Dfijeineacap buapmb Duanmolra ap caicfm ap conjdip 
a]\ aobbacc ap poi peine ap coruccab carlaicpije aj imbicfn a acapba ap 
ainppine eaccpanD c6 a oioheab Don cup pm. 

TTlupchab mac concobaip mic roippDealbaij, mic caibcc, mic coippbeal- 
baij, mic bpiain cara an aonaij uf bpiam Decc i ccaraip miondm 25 Pe- 
bpuapn, 1 a abnacal hi ccill pionnabpac. 

TTIaip5pe5 mjean Domnaill mic concobaip, mic roippbealbaij, mic caibcc, 
mic coippbealbaij mic bpiain caca an aonaij uf bpiain, bCr\ coippbealbaij 
mic bpiam mic Donnchaib mec macjamna Do ecc hi ccill rfiec Dubain, -\ a 
habnacal 1 ninip cachaij -] a Dfipbpiup ele .1. aine bfn coippbealbaij puaib 
mic caibcc mic mupchaib mic caibcc puaib mec rhacsaitina Do ecc. 

Oonnchab mac mupchaib puaib, mic bpiam, mic caibcc, mic coippbeal- 
baij, mic bpiain caca an aonaij Do ecc .8. pebpuapii. 



The lord chief Justice made answer againe, by 
an interpreter, that whether he would submitt 
himself or not to a tryall by a jury of twelve, 
he should be judged by law, according to the 
particulars alledjed against him. Whereto he 
replied nothing, but ' if it must be see, let it be 
soe.' Being condemned to die, he was shortly 
after carried unto Tyburne, to be executed as a 
traitor, whereat he seemed to be nothing moved, 
scorning the archbishop of Caishill (Miler Ma- 
grath), who was there to counsiU him for his 
soule's health, because he had broken his vow, 
from a Franciscan turning Protestant." 

Lord Bacon says in his Essays, that O'Rourke 
" gravely petitioned the Queen, that he might 
be hanged with a gad, or withe, after his own' 
country fashion, which doubtless was readily 
granted him." And P. O'Sullevan Beare, Hist. 
Cathol. I her., fol. 122, says that, being asked, 
why he did not bow his knee to the Queen ? 
he answered, that he was not used to bow. 
" How I not to images," says an English Lord. 



" Aye," says O'Rourke ; " but there is a great 
difference between your Queen and the images 
of the saints." Walker, in his Irish Bards, gives 
an account of an extraordinary interview be- 
tween O'Rourke and Queen Elizabeth, the truth 
of which Mr. Hardiman attempts to corroborate 
in his Irish Minstrelsy, vol. ii. p. 427; but it 
seems totally groundless, or, at least, to rest on 
no solid evidence. Dr. O'Conor, who was the 
ninth in descent from this Brian O'Rourke, has 
the following note on his execution in the Me- 
moirs of the Life and Writings of Charles 0^ Conor 
of Belanagare, p. 112: 

" The only crime which O'Rourke could be 
accused of was, his having received under his 
roof some shipwrecked Spaniards ; men whom 
the most hardened barbarity would scarcely 
consider as enemies. A little before his execu- 
tion Miler Magrath, appointed Archbishop of 
Cashel, was sent to him, to prevail ori him to 
conform. ' No,' said O'Rorke, ' but do you re- 
member the dignity from which you have fallen : 



1591.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OP IRELAND. 1907 

he was condemned to death. He was afterwards hanged, beheaded, and quar- 
tered. The death of this Brian was one of the mournful stories of the Irish, 
for there had not been for a long time any one of his tribe who excelled him 
in bounty, in hospitality, in giving rewards for panegyrical poems, in sumptu- 
ousness, in [numerous] troops, in comeliness"', in firmness, in maintaining the 
field of battle to defend his patrimony against foreign adventurers, [for all which 
he was celebrated], until his death on this occasian. 

Murrough, the son of Conor, son of Turlough, son of Teige, 6on of Turlough, 
son of Brian Chatha-an-Aenaigh O'Brien, died at Cathair-Mionain", on the 25th 
of February, and was interred at Kilfenora. 

Margaret, the daughter of Donnell, son of Conor, son of Turlough, son of 
Teige, son of Turlough, son of Brian Chatha-an-Aenaigh O'Brien, and wife of 
Turlough, the son of Brian, son of Donough Mac Mahon, died at Cill-Mic- 
Dubhain°, and was interred in Inis-Catha ; and her sister, Aine, the wife of 
Turlough Roe, son of Teige, son of Murrough, son of Teige Roe Mac Mahon, 
died. 

Donough, the son of Murrough Roe, son of Brian, son of Teige, son of Tur- 
lough, son of Brian Chatha-an-Aenaigh, died on the 8th of February. 

return into the bosom of the ancient Church, and Hardiman, in his Irish Minstrelsy, vol. ii. 

and learn from my fortitude that lesson, which p. 427, assert that Queen Elizabeth was struck 

you ought to have been the last on earth to with the noble deportment and manly beauty of 

disavow.' " See also Lombard, de Hih. Comment., O'Rourke, had apartments assigned to him in 

p. 344 ; and the Abbe Mageoghegan's Histoire her palace, and intimated to her Council, that 

(Plrdande, tom. iiL p. 480. she wished ' herself, privately, to examine him 

The family of O'Eourke seems to have been as to the affairs' of Ireland ; but the Editor has 

the proudest and most inflexible of all the Irish not been able to find any authority for this asser- 

race. On the 15 th of June, 1576, Sir Brian tion. 

O'Rourke, chief of the Western Breifny, and " Cathair-Mionain, now Caherminane, a town- 
other Irish chiefs, waited, at Dublin, upon the land in the parish of Killelagh, barony of Cor- 
Lord -Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, who says of comroe, and county of Clare. In the Descrip- 
O'Rourke : " And first of Owryoke, I found tion of the County of Clare, preserved in the 
hym the proudest man that ever I dealt with Library of Trinity College, Dublin, E. 2. 14, 
in Ireland." — See Letters of Sir Henry Sidney, " Cahirmenayn Castle" is mentioned as the pos- 
vol. i. p. 114. It is curious to see how this session of Teige Mac Murrough [O'Brien], and 
fallen Irish family has found its proud level in placed in the " Baronie of Tuogh-Morey- Conor, 
the present Prince O'Rourke of Russia. or Corkemroe." 

" CoTOe^jwftss.— Walker, in his Irish Bards, ° Cill-Mic-Dvbhain, i. e. the church of Mac 

11 K 2 , 



1908 QNNaca Rioghachca eiReawN. [1592. 

Uilliam bupc mac Sfam, nriic oiluepaip, rhic Sfain do rhapbaD le Duine 
uaj^'al od luce Ifnamna pfin .1. le halapcpann mac ao&a buibe mec DomnaiU. 

mac mec uilliam bdpc .1. uacep na mbuillfo mac Riocaipo mic Sfain an 
rfpmamn, mic maoilip do rhapBab ap lonnpaijiD oi&ce Id Dpuirj Dia com- 
mbpaicpib jaoil -| jfmealaij pfin, -\ Id cuiD do cloinn riDomnaill. 

O baoi5)ll coippbealbac puaD mac neill.miccoippDelbaij, aenbdoeapp- 
ccaijre camic Dia bunao ppfirh 6 cfin md)p pope congrfiala Ddrh -| DeopaD 
pfp meDaijce nOmfo eccailpi ") eala&an, ^"aipe a ceneoil ap pele -] eineac, 
Cojbdlaij cpoj "] annppann Do ecc ina lonjpopc pfin p6 peil bpfjDe, 1 a 
aohnacal co nonoip 1 noun na ngall 1 nocaiplijhe a pinnpiop. 



aOlS CRIOSU, 1592. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceD, nocac, a Do. 

O concobaip pua6 cabcc 6cc mac caiDcc bui&e, mic cacail puaib Do 
cpochab ap Seppion Ropa comam 1 mi lanuapii cpia cioncaib a clomne 
bdccap pop pojail 1 pop Dibfipcc 1 nacchaib copona pa;:an,i ap arhlaib baof- 
piorh an can pin appaib anppanD, Dfpabaipc je do puaip a oiDheab arhlaib 
pm. 

mac DiapmaDa maije luipcc bpian mac Ruaibpi mic caibcc mic Diap- 
maDa Decc 1 mi nouembep, 1 po ba moiDe Dabbap eccaoine ecc an pip pin 
jan a copmailfp do bfir Do cloinn maolpuanaib Do jebab cfnDup Dia eipi. 

mac conmapa piabac ci^eapna an raoi'be coip do cloinn cuilein,i.Domnall 

Dubhain, now Maguane. The name is now an- in the barony of Carra, and county of Mayo. — 

glicisedKilmacaduane, which is that of a church Sep Genealogies, Tribes, ^c, of Hy-Fiachrach, 

and parish in the barony of Moyarta, and county pp. 157, 197. 

of Clare. This church is mentioned in the Life ' Guaire Guaire Aidhne was King of Con- 

of StSenan (published by Colgan, at 1st March, naught foi; thirteen years, and died in the year 

c. 44), as subject to the monastery of Inis Ca- 662. He became the personification of genero- 

thaigh, now Scattery Island, in the Shannon, sity among the Irish poets See Genealogies, 

near the town of Kilrush. Of the old church Tribes, ^-c. of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 391. 
called Cill Mic Dubhain, the east gable and "■ His own fortress. — Besides the seats which 

twenty-five feet of the length of the side walls O'Boyle had in his own territory of Boylagh, 

still remain. he had a castle called Baile Ui Bhaoighill, now 

" Ofth£ Termon, i. e. of the Termon of Balla, Bally weel, on the north side of the River Esk, 



1.592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1909 

William Burke, the son of John, son of Oliver, son of John, was slain by a 
o-eutleman of his own followers, namely, by Alexander, the son of Hugh Boy 
Mac Donnell. 

The son of Mac William Burke, namely, Walter of the Blows, the son of 
Rickard, son of John of the Termon'', son of Myler, was slain, in an assault at 
night, by a party of his own tribe and kinsmen, and some of the Clann-Don- 
nell. 

O'Boyle (Turlough Roe, the son of Niall, son of Turlough), the most dis- 
tinguished man that had come of his tribe for a long time, a sustaining pillar 
of the learned and the destitute, an exalter of sanctuaries, churches, and science, 
the Guaire'' of his tribe in generosity and hospitality, [and] the supporter of 
the poor and the feeble, died at his own fortress', about the festival of St. Bridget, 
and was interred with honour at Donegal, in the burial-place of his ancestors. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1592. 
Tlie Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred ninety-two. 

O'Conor Roe (Teige Oge, son of Teige Boy, son of Cathal Roe) was hanged 
at the session of Roscommon, in the month of January, for the crimes of his 
sons, who were [engaged] in plunder and insurrection against the crown of 
England ; and he was at this time aged, feeble, and Wind, though he suffered 
death" in this manner. 

Mac Dermot of Moylurg (Brian, the son of Rory, son of Teige, son of Der- 
mot) died in the month of November ; and the death of this man was the more 
to be lamented, because there was no other like him of the Clann-Mulrony' to 
succeed him in the chieftainship. 

Mac Namara Reagh, Lord of the western part of Clann-Cuilein, i.e. Donnell 

near its mouth, opposite the monastery of Done- death in that manner." 

gal. On a map of the coasts of Mayo, Sligo, and • The Clann-Mulrony This was the tribe- 
Donegal, preserved in the State Papers' Office, name of the Mac Dermotts of Moylurg, in the 
London, this castle is shewn in the above situa- county of Roscommon. The Mulrony from whom 
tion under the Hame of " Ba. O Boile," which is they descend was an O'Connor, and as the Mac 
intended for Bally O'Boil, or O'Boyle' s town. Dermots asserted, the senior of all the Clann- 
' Suffered death, literally, " found or got his Conor. 



1910 



aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReaHR 



[1592. 



piobac mac conmfoa, tnic Donncham, mic T?uai6pi, mic meccon cfnnihoip Decc 
1 1 pebjiuapii peap caicrheac conjaipeac, oeaplmccec, oaonnaccac eifibe. 

Duine uapal do piol aoba Decc ipin mf ceona .i. Sfan na ngfirhleac mac 
conmapa mic marjamna, mic aoba. 

niop injfn Donnchaib, mic Sfain, mic maolpuanaib na pepoicce mic caibcc 
uf cfpbaill, bfn mfic ui bpiain apa Do ecc, bfn po cair a haimpip co maic, -| 
DO paccaib an paojal jan acaip jan imbeapccab. 

CamUn injfn Domnaill, mic pinjin, mic Diapmaoa an Dunaib mej caprai^ 
bfn caibcc mic copbmaic oicc, mic copbmaic, mic caibcc meg capcaij, bfn 
ceillij, cpaiboeac Depcac, Deigemi j Do ecc lap mbuaib 6 bfman, 6 boman, -\ 
6 Daoinib. 

TTlac ui meacaip Sfan an jlfnDa mac comaip Decc. 

bupcaig Rainn mec uilliam uile co na luce Ifnamna Do bol ap a ccoimecc 
-] lap ppiop pccel Don gobepnoip Sip RipoepD bingam Do.coib i cconncae 
mai^e eo 50 mbaccap bailee an cipe plan "] bpipce ap a cumap .1. Dun na 



" Maccon Ceannmhor, i. e. Maccon of the Big 
•Head. 

*■■ Warlike. — The adjective conjaipeac denotes 
" having troops or companies." See the year 
1598, where conjaip, the substantive from 
which this adjective is formed, is used in the 
sense of " troop or company of men." 

1 Son of Hugh In a manuscript, transcribed 

by Maurice Newby in 1715, now in the posses- 
sion of Myles John O'Reilly, Esq., the pedigree 
of this Hugh is given as follows : 

" Hugh, son of PhUip, son of Cumara, son of 
Loughlin, son of Maccon, son of Loughlin, son 
of Cumeadha Mor, the stirpes of all the Sil- 
Aedha, son of John, son of Maccon, son of 
Loughlin, son of Cumeadha, son of Niall, son of 
Cumara, son of Donnell, son of Cumara, the 
progenitor from whom the Mac Namaras have 
derived their surname. The John na nGeimh- 
leach in the text was the ancestor of the Mac 
Namaras of Moyreask, in the county of Clare. 
He had a son, John Eeagh, who had a son 
Donough, who died at Achadh-na-Croise, or 



Crossfield, in the county of Leitrim, on the 4th 
of February, 1696, in the eightieth year of his 
age. He had two daughters, Finola, who was 
married to Teige O'Rody, of Fenagh, in the 
county of Leitrim, and Mary, who married 
Murtough, son of Donnell, son of Turlough 
O'Brien; and three sons : 1, John, his heir, who* 
died in the county of Clare, on the 23rd of 
September, 1 694. 2, Donough, a most accom- 
plished linguist, musician, and poet, who died at 
Moyreask, in the county of Clare, on the I6th 
of July, 1692, in the thirly-fifth year of his age. 
3, Mahon, who had a daughter, Mary, who lived" 
with her aunt, Finola, the wife of Teige O'Eody 
of Crossfield, from the year 1692, when she was 
eight years old, till 1701, when she was married, 
in her seventeenth year, to Calvagh, the son of 
Turlough, son of Niall Oge, son of Niall O'Mel- 
aghlin. There is a curious poem, in English, on. 
the death of Donough, the second son of Do- 
nough above mentioned, by Teige O'Eody, in 
which he gives the date of his death in the fol- 
lowing quatrain : 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. I9II 

Reagh, the son of Cumeadha, son of Donough, son of Rory, son of Maccon 
Ceannmhor", died on the 11th of February. He was a sumptuous, warlike", 
bountiful, and humane man. 

In the same month a gentleman of the Sil-Aedha died, i.e. John-na-nGeimli- 
leach, son of Cumara, son of Mahon, son of Hugh'' [MacNamara]. 

More, the daughter of Donough, son of John, son of~^Mulrony-na-Feasoige, 
son of Teige O' Carroll, and wife of Mac-I-Brien Ara, died. She had spent a 
good life, and departed this world without disgrace or reproach. 

Catherine, the daughter, of Donnell, son of Fineen, son of Dermot-an-Duna 
Mac Carthy, and wife of Teige, the son of Cormac Oge, son of Cormac, son of 
Teige Mac Carthy, a sensible, pious, charitable, and truly hospitable woman, 
died, after having gained the victory over the world, the Devil, and the people. 

The son of O'Meagher (John of the Glen, the son of Thomas) died. 

All the Burkes, of Mac William's country, with their followers, went on 
their defence ; and when the Governor, Sir Richard Bingham, had received 
intelligence of this, he proceeded into the county of Mayo, and all the castles of 
the country, both perfect and broken, were in his power, namely, Dun-na-mona^, 

"Thy living Vaticau, poor Ireland! now is dead, "This said gentleman died at Mureske, in 

Thy records sleep in their eternal bed ; the county of Clare, on Thursday, June 1 6°, 

One thousand years, six hundred, ninety-two, 1 692 ; was buried in Quinn Abbey ; was bred with 

June the sixteenth most fatall was to you." Mr. Thady Roddy from a Virgilian ; acquired 

He also composed the following epitaph for *'' ^^^ ^^ove languages by his indefatigable 

him, which was probably inscribed on his tomb ; studies and profound witt ; spoke French and 

but it is not now in the abbey of Quin : Spanish ; read Greek and Hebrew ; was most per- 

" Donatus junior, Donati Mara Joannis, ^'^''^ '° ^^**°' ^""^ <=oi°Pleat master of the Irish." 

Conditur hoc busto, pro dolorl exiguo. '^^^ ^'^^ °^ ^^'' ^"^""'^ °^ '^^ ^^ ^^'"^'■''' 

Hie tenuit quicquid claris ab origine Mundi, "^"^ ^°^'' ^"^ ^^'°'"^*' °^ ^oyreask, Esq., who 

Mandarat fastis tristis lerna suis. ^'^^ "^"^^ ^^'^'^^^ y^''' ''"'=''• "^ ^^^ •""- 

Hispanus, Gallus, Gr^cus, praeclarus Hi- ^^d a Miss De Burgh, by whom he had an only 

bernus daughter, who married Daniel O'Brien, of Crat- 

Anglus et Hebra^us conditur hoc tumulo. \°'' ^'^- ."'' ^''"'^^'^ ^""""''^ ^'^ ^'"''"'■''' 

Musicus atque sophus logus h3c Theo con- '^^'^^' ^' P- "^ '^l^- 

ditur urna. ^ Dun-na-mona, now Dunamona, a townland 

Scrutator Thome, Scoti, et Aristotellis." containing the ruins of a castle, situated near 

the boundary of the parishes of Rosslee and 

To this Maurice Newby, who seems to have Drum, in the barony of Carra. This castle 

been acquainted with Donatus junior, appends belonged to a branch of the O'Kellys, who 

the following memorandum : removed from Hy-Many and settled here un- 



1912 QNHata Rioshachca eiReaNN. [1592. 

mono, cuil na ccaipol, an jaoipicceac, -] an cluainin. Cuccpar bupcaij 
lonnraijio ap an njobepnoip co cuil na ccaipol, -| po bab oiojbdlaiji mo 
pfin 05 pilleab Doib ina an jobepnoip. l?o cuip an jobepnoip lap pm pfonaca 
cpoma DO buanaoaib jallDa 1 jaoibealca omppaiD na mbupcac pin bdcrap 
pop Dibfipcc -| pop F^S^'^ F*^ cfnoaib cnoc cfnojapb,-) coillcib noopac noluir- 
airhpem. Nip bo cign po bdccap pop an lappaiD pin an can po puiDpioc gup 
an njobepnoip 50 lion cpeac -) gabdl, 50 mbpaijDib ban -| pfp, co mbuaib, -\ 
CO ccaiplib lomoaib. Uangacap bupcaij lap pm po bpfic an gobepnopa ace 
mac ofrhain an coppdm .1. RipoepD mac RiocaipD. Ro pealbaij an jobepnoip 
bailee an cipe 60 pfin a hujoappap an ppionnpa,-) po paccaib Seon binjjam, 
-\ banoaba ua6a pfin ajd niomcoirhecc. 

Q06 pua6 mac aoba, mic mojnupa uf boitinaill bai pibe 1 ccapcaip, 1 
I ccuimpeac in dr cliac lapp an cceona helub 50 jeimpfb na bliabna po. 
Q mbdccap ann 1 nifpcopac oibce (eippmrh ") a aep cumca .1. clann ui neill 
.1. Sfan enpi "] ape) puapaccap ell popp na coirheoaijib piapiu do paca ipin 
bppoinnci^ 50 po bfnpacr a n5firhle biob. Do coccap laporh jup an ppiail- 
ceac, -| ceD pepfb pforpooa leo co po leiccic pfop lap na puainfmnaib cpiap 
an Fpiailcij co piaccaccap an cclapaij comoorham bai 1 ccimcell an caip- 

der the Lower Mac William. According to Burke, in Carra, and who made the road called 
Duald Mac Firbis's genealogical work (Lord Bothar-na-faine. According to the tradition in 
Roden's copy), p. 324, this castle was built by the country, the O'Kellys of Dun-na-mona re- 
Henry Keagh O'Kelly, (the son of Edmond, son, moved to Tiranare, in the barony of Burrishoole, 
of David, son of John, Airchinneach, or Erenagh where they still remain. The following inscrip- 
of Tuam, son of Melaghlin, son of William, son tion is to be seen on the tombstone of this fa- 
of Hugh, son of Donnell, son of Loughlin, son mily, in the abbey of Burrishoole : 
of Donnell More, son of Teige Tailltenn), head " Orate pro anima Davidis Oge Kelly, 
of that sept of the O'Kelly's called Clann-an- qui me fieri fecit sibi et heredibus suis, et 
Airchinnigh, who settled in Carra in the time of uxoRis Mabla Barret. A. D. 1623." 
Edmond-na-Feasoige Mac William Burke ; and From Walter, the last inheritor oi' Dun-na- 
it remained in the possession of the family for mona, the late Rev. Walter Kelly, O. S. A., of the 
four generations, that is, from the time of convent of Ballyhaunis, in the county of Jtlayo, 
Henry Reagh, the first erector, down to Walter was the fifth in descent. David Oge, mentioned 
(son of David, son of Myler, son of Henry Reagh), in the above inscription, was tlie son of David, 
who was the last inheritor. Henry Reagh, the and brother of Walter. He had a son, Walter 
builder of the castle of Dun-na-mona, had a Grana, who had a son, Patrick, who had a son, 
nephew, William (son of David, son of Edmond), Walter, a priest ; a daughter, Sarah, the grand- 
who also lived under the Lower Mac William mother of the Rev. Walter Kelly, who was pater- 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1913 

Cuil-na-gCaisiol, Gaoisideach'', and CluainiIl^ The Burkes made an attack 
upon the Governor at Cuil-na-gCaisiol' ; but they were more harmed on their 
return than the Governor. After this the Governor dispatched heavy troops 
of English and Irish soldiers to search for the Burkes, who were in rebellion 
and [engaged in] plundering, on the rugged mountain-tops, and in the bushy 
dense and intricate woods. They [the soldiers] had not been long in this search, 
when they returned to the Governor with many preys a-nd spoils, with prisoners, 
[both] women and men, and with many cows and horses. After this, [all] the 
Burkes, except the son of Deamhan-an-Chorrain, namely, Richard, the son of 
Rickard**, came and submitted to the award of the Governor ; upon which the 
Governor, by authority of the Sovereign, took the castles of the country into 
his own possession, and left John Bingham and companies of his own [soldiers] 
to guard them. 

Hugh Roe, the son of Hugh, son of Manus O'Donnell, remained in Dublin, 
in prison and in chains, after his first escape, to the winter of this year. One 
evening he and his companions, Henry and Art, the sons of O'Neill (John), 
before they had been brought' into the refection house, took an advantage of 
the keepers, and knocked off their fetters. They afterwards went to the privy- 
house, having with them a very long rope, by the loops of which they let them- 
selves down through the privy-house, until they reached the deep trench that 

nally descended from Walter, the last inheritor townland in the parish of Ballinrobe, barony of 

of the castle of Dun-na-mona. Thus : Walter, Kilmaine, and county of Mayo. According to 

son of John, son of Patrick, son of Walter, son the tradition in the country, Sir Kichard Bing- 

of David, soi) of Walter, the last proprietor of ham murdered sixteen women of the Burke 

Dun-na-mona, son of David, son of Myler, son family in this castle, 
of Henry Reagh, the founder of this castle. "* Richard. — Sir Henry Docwra calls him, 

* Gaoisideach, now Gweeshadan, a castle in " Eiccard Bourke, alias the DiveH's Hook's 

ruins in the parish of Drum, in the barony of sonne." Dockwra says, that " these men uppon 

Carra. — Hy-Fiachrach, p. 491. their submission were so pyned awaye fFor wante 

'' Cluainin, i. e. the little lawn or meadow, of fFoode, and soe ghasted with feare, within 

now Clooneen, a townland containing the ruins seven or eight weeks, by reason they were so 

of a castle in the parish of Kilmore, in the said roundlye ffollowed without any interim of rest, 

barony of Carra. that they looked rayther like to ghosts then 

' Cuil-na-gCaisiol This name is translated men." — Relation of Services, Sfc. by Sir Bingham, 

angulum murorum by P. O'SuUevan Beare. It Mus. Brit. HarL, No. 357, fol. 235. 
is now corruptly written Cloonagashel, and ' Before they had beenbrought, recte, ^^hefoie the 

sometimes Cloona Castle, which is applied to a hour for going to dinner or supper had arrived." 

11 L 



1914 



QNNata Rio;5hachua eineaNN. 



[1592. 



ceoil. Ro opingyfc laparh ppif an mbpuac allcapac 50 mbaccap pop up na 
clapac. 6aoi giolla raipipi aj caraijibe cuca-j ua6aib,-| po Ificcpoc a pun 
ppip, -| DO pala cuca an can pin e co mbaof 05 oenarh eolaip Doib. Loccap 



' Until. — This construction is redundant. The 
probability is that they were hauled up, by 
means of the rope, from the trench by the trusty 
servant sent to conduct them. Cox had no 
knowledge of the recommittal of the son of 
O'Donnell. He writes that in December, 1590, 
" four considerable prisoners escaped out of the 
castle of Dublin, not without the privity of a 
great man, well bribed, as was supposed, viz. : 
the two sons of Shane O'Neal, O'Donell's son, 
and Philip O'Eeilly; but the weather being 
very badj and the journey tedious. Art O'Neal, 
one of the prisoners, dyed by the way, but the 
rest escaped to Ulster, where the two sons of 
Shane O'Neal fell into the power and possession 
of the Earl of Tyrone, anno 1594, who kept 
them prisoners, and would by no meanS enlarge 
them, or deliver them to the Deputy." — Hib. 
Angl., vol. i. p. 400. 

* Visiting them, literally, " was frequenting 
to them and from them," i. e. he was used to 
bring messages to them, and to bear messages 
from them to their friends. According to the 
Life of Hugh Eoe O'Donnell, by Cucogry 
O'Clery, this youth was named Turlough Eoe 
O'Hogan, i. e. O'Hagan. He was Tyrone's ser- 
vant of trust, employed on this occasion to bribe 
the Lord Deputy, Fitz-WUliam, for allowing 
the prisoners to escape. Tyrone's object in 
procuring the liberation of these prisoners was 
twofold ; first, to obtain the assistance of his 
promising brother-in-law, Hugh Eoe O'Donnell, 
and to get Shane O'Neill's legitimate sons into 
his own hands, that it might not be in the 
power of the Government to set them up as his 
rivals in his premeditated rebellion. Doctor 
O'Conor, in his suppressed work, Memoirs of the 
Life and Writings of Charles O'Conor of Belana- 



gare, says that one of their keepers assisted them 
in this escape ; but his account of the manner of 
their escape is drawn almost wholly from his own 
imagination. The following account of it is 
given by P. O'Sullevan Beare, who also appears 
to have invented a few incidents, to give interest 
to the narrative ; but it is quite evident that 
neither the O'Clerys, nor O'Sullevan, nor Hugh 
Eoe himself, knew the secret practices of Hugh, 
Earl of Tyrone, who bribed the corrupt Lord 
Deputy Fitz-WiUiam, to get these prisoners into 
his own hands: 

" Paucis post diebus ex Vltoniorum obsidibus 
Hugo Odonellus Euber, Daniel Macsuinnius 
Coeruleus, & Huon Ogallachur, de quibus supe- 
rius locuti sumus, ex arce Dubhlinnensi fugiunt. 
Cseterum Euber in Felmium Otuehilem equi- 
tem Ibernum, & Eeginse ministros incidit. Fel- 
mius statuit eum inuitis regijs ministris dimit- 
tere, haud dubius se fortunarum iacturam fac- 
turum, & in discrimen venturum. Quod malum 
timens Eosa Nituehil Felmij soror, & Fiachi Ob- 
ruinis vxor, fratri persuasit, vt suae, atque Eubri 
simul saluti consuleret : idque ilium facturum, 
si ea nocte Eubrum apud se retineret in Kehino 
Castello (caislean Kehin, rec<e Caiplean Caoirh- 
jin) donee a marito suo Fiacho cum armatis 
veniente, quasi inuito Felmio in libertatem as- 
seratur, nam magis fratri cauendum censuit, 
quam marito qui iam solitus erat rebellare, vi- 
tamque contra Protestautes, i pro eorum hos- 
tibus vouere. Quo consilio probate, Fiachus 
cum annata manu Eubro opitulatum contendit. 
Prorex quoque Dubhlinna; certior factus cohor- 
tem mittit, quae Eubrum vinctum trahat. Ea 
nocte tam copiose pluit, vt aqua ripas inteiecti 
fluminis egrediente, circumiectosque campos 
inundante nullo modo potuerit Fiachus vada 



1592.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1915 



was around the castle. They climbed the outer side, until they were' on the 
margin of the trench. A certain faithful youth, who was in the habit of visiting 
them^, and to whom they had communicated their secret, came to them at this 



traijoere. Interim Angli, qui flumine non pro- 
hibebantur, Eubrum Dubhlinnam deferunt. 
Vbi in eadem arce diligentiori custodife manda- 
tur, in vincula quoque coniectus. Iterum die- 
bus [recte, mensibus] aliquot transactis cum 
Henrico, & Arte Onellis lohannis priricipis filijs, 
qui eodem carcere tenebantur agit, quemadmo- 
dum sese in libertatem vindicent. Quod etiam 
consilium cum Eduardo Eustatio puero amico 
suo, & cum acerrimo Protestantium hoste Fiacho 
communicat. Eduardus puer se illi ad fugam 
daturum quatuor equos pollicetur. Fiachus 
itineris ducem, qui ilium domum suam ad Mu- 
luriam syluam ducat, & inde in Vltoniam a se 
incolumem mittendum promittit. Ad constitu- 
tam noctem Ruber limam comparauit, qua vin- 
culorum clauos sibi, Henrico & Arto scidit, & 
sericam telam longissimam, qtta se dimitterent 
ex arcis celsse fastigio. Intempesta nocte supe- 
riore tela; extremitate ad latrinam ligata, Hen- 
ricus primus capta tela manibus, & inter crura 
per latrinam descendit, ijec socios spectans in 
Vltoniam itinere arrepto incolumis euasit. Se- 
quitur Ruber, qui Artum spectauit. Artus, 
dum praBceps per telam fertur, lapide ex cloaca 
forte cadente, male vexatur, vixque se susti- 
nendo est aptus. Eduardus puer, qui equos 
promiserat, quatuor velocissimos ephippijs in- 
structos per tres proximos ante dies in stabulo 
habebat, sed illo die eo inscio peregre ablati 
sunt ab amico. Itineris dux a Fiacho missus 
prope arcem prsestolabatur, qiii ca nocte, dieque 
sequente Rubrum, & Artum per avia, vastaque 
loca duxit, ne interciperentur. Tempus erat 
hybernum paucis diebus ante Dominici natalis 
festum, & loca alta nine obruta. Ob id Ruber, 
qui longo itinere, Telocique cursu calceos con- 
sumpsit pedibus iam nudis niuis rigorem, loco- 

11 



•rumque asperitatem superans, vngues vtriusque 
poUicis pedum amisit nine combustos, & auulsos. 
Artus, etsi calceos firmiores habebat, lapidis 
tamen casu grauiter afflictus longum, & asperum 
iter fegre metiens Rubrum tardabat. Satis fessi 
ad noctem perueniunt in subterraneum specum 
non multis milibus passuum ab sedibus Fiachi. 
Ibique relictis, vt constitutum erat, dux rem 
nunciatum ad Fiachum tetendit. Duo iuuenes, 
qui toto die currentes nihil cibi cseperant, fame 
cruciabantur, tamen itinere lassi alto somno 
sopiti noctem transegerunt. lamque die secundo 
sol prajcipitabat, & nullus a Fiacho remissus est. 
Tertio die inedia premente. Arte, inquit Ruber, 
en animantia bruta herba, & fronde pascuntur. 
Igitur nos etiam, qui quamuis rationis participes 
simus, tamen animalia quoque sumus, eadem 
breuem inediam toleremus, donee a fido Fiacho 
cibus suppeditetur. Itaque proximse arboris 
frondes mandit, & deuorat, sed oblatas renuit 
Artus. Interim Fiachus nullum lapidem non 
mouebat, vt illis cibum subministraret, diu pro- 
hibitus ab illis, qui eius suspecti hominis vel 
leuissimos gestus, & motus notabant. Denique 
ad tertiam noctem, per milites quatuor cibum 
misit. Artus lapidis casu, longaque inedia con- 
fectus nee in os imponere cibum, nee impositum 
a Eubro, & militibus mandere poterat. Ruber, 
qui validior erat, et frondibus linquentes vires 
non nihil retinuit, socio efflante animam coram 
prse moerore coniedere recusabat : tamen Arto 
e conspectu remoto se cibo reficere a militibus 
cogitur. Postquam perturbatio, & tumultus 
eorum, qui Rubrum inquirebant, sedatum est, 
Arto inhumato Ruber pedibus seger in Fiachi 
domum delatus clam curatur, curatumque Fia- 
chus per Vaterum Giraldinum Fuscum in Vlto- 
niam ad Comitem Tironum, Tironiis ad Macgui- 

l2 . . 



1916 awNaca Kio^hachca eiReawN. [1592. 

ia]iam c]ie fpaiDib na cacjiac 1 ccpecumapc cdic,") tif rayiD neach Dia ui'b mo 
acr ariiail jac naon aile uai]i nf |io anpac luce an baile Do cacaijm an can 
pin, -] popcap obela oplaicce Doippi na cacpac. Pangaccap lapam cpe jac 
niombopaiD "] cpe 506 nairhpeib 50 puaccaccap pop pfi6 an puaiD pleibe 
cpiap a noeachaib ao6 ipin ceD elu6. l?o foappccap Dopcaca na homce "] 
cmofnup an ceichm (ap iiarhon a ccojpama) an cf ba pine oiob ppiu .1. Gnpi 
o neill. Q06 ba poarh Di'ob ap aof naoipi jion gup bo he ap aoi noipbfpcaip.. 
Nip bo paoilij laoporii cpe Coappccapab enpi ppiii, ap a aoi po gabpac 05 
apccnarh pfmpa, -| a ppfp miiincipe ace Denarii eolaip ooib. bai an aohai?j 
aj pnibe pneacca gu nap bo pobainj Doibpiurii a piubal uaip bdoap jan eoac 
jjan popbpuca lap ppdgbdil a nuaccaipeappaib ipm ppiailcij cpep a ccan- 
jaccap. 6d moa po infipcnijeab ape ppip an Dianapcap ina aob, uaip bd 
cian poDa 6 po cuimpijeaoh eppibe, -| Do coib 1 ccpoma anboill cpe poD a 
coriinaibe ipm ccapcaip 1 mbao'. Nip bo haitilaiD pin oaob, nf painicc^cap 
aofp macDacca, -| ni po anapcaip Dpdp no Dipnpopbaipc an lonbaib pm, 1 bd 
huccmall epccaiD a cfimim ") a imceacc. O po aipij piuiii Qpc ajd enip- 
ciHcchaD "] aiblfipcce 1 lonmoiUe a ceime po pupail paip a lamb Do cop pop 
a jualainn baoein,-] an larii aile pop jualaum an j^lle. UiajaiD app ariilaib 
pin 50 pangaccap cap an pliab puab. Poboap pcicig coippij laparii, "] ni po 
peDpac ape leo ni ba pia, ■] 6 na po ciimaingpion a bpfic len Do ponpac 
aipipfrii 1 coriinaiDe 1 ppopcab allbpuaic lomapD baoi pop a ccionn. lap 
nanmam Doib onnpaiDe po cuippioc an jioUa uabaib Id pgelaib 50 glfnD 
riiaoilujpa aipni 1 paibe piaclia mac aoba baoi 1 neccpaccap ppi jallaibh. 
^l^no-oaingrn Dioro^lai^i epibe,-| no gndraij^Dip Dponj riiop Do ^lallaib aca 

rem, & Macguier ad ipsius patrem Hugonem the hands of his enemy, Hugh, Earl of Tyrone, 

Odonellum Tirconellse principem mittit." — His- who would neither enlarge him, nor deliver 

lOricK Gaiholicce Ihernias Compendium, Tom. 3, him up to the Lord Deputy, 

lib. 2, c. iv. fol. 125. ■> Tkey were grieved, literally, "not joyous 

This account of the escape of the Ulster hos- were they at the separation of Henry from 

tages is curious, but it does not appear perfectly them." P. O'Sullevan Beare states that Henry 

accurate. First, FelimO'Toole was not of Castle- made his way into Ulster; and he might have 

kevin, and Fiagh did not leave Hugh Roe O'Don- added, that he was there thrown into a worse 

nell and Art O'Neill for three days without food, prison than that from which lie had escaped, by 

But it is perfectly true that Henry O'Neill, of the Earl of Tyrone, who feared that the English 

whom the Four Masters lose sight altogether, would set him up as a rival to him in his me- 

made his escape into Ulster, where he fell into ditated rebellion. It appears from a letter writ- 



r 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. I917 

time, and guided them. They then proceeded through the streets of the city, 
mixing with the people ; and no one took more notice of them than of any one 
else, for they did not delay at that time to become acquainted with the people 
of the town ; and the gates of the city were wide open. They afterwards pro- 
ceeded by every intricate and difficult place, until they arrived upon the surface 
of the Red Mountain over which Hugh had passed in his former escape. The 
darkness of the night, and the hurry of their flight (from dread of pursuit), 
separated the eldest of them from the rest, namely, Henry O'Neill. Hugh was 
the greenest of them with respect to yeai^s, but not with respect to prowess. 
They were grieved" at the separation of Henry from them ; but, however, they 
proceeded onwards, their servant guiding them along. That night was snowing, 
so that it was not easy for them to walk, for they were without [sufficient] 
clothes or coverings, having left their outer garments behind them in the privy- 
house, through which they had escaped. Art was more exhausted by this rapid 
journey than Hugh, for he had- been a long time in captivity, and had become 
very corpulent from long confinement in the prison'. It was not so with Hugh ; 
he had not yet passed the age of boyhood, and had not [yet] done growing and 
increasing at this period, and his pace and motion were quick and rapid. When 
he perceived Art had become feeble, and that his step was becoming inactive 
and slow, he requested him to place one arm upon his own shoulder, and the 
otlier upon that of the servant. In this manner they proceeded on their way, 
until they had crossed the Red jVIountain, after which they were weary and 
fatigued, and unable to help Art on any further ; and as they were not able to 
take him with them, they stopped to rest under the shelter of a high rocky 
precipice which lay before them. On halting here, they sent the servant to 
bring the news- to Glenraaku', where dwelt Fiagh, the son of Hugh [O' Byrne], 
wlio was then at war with the EngUsh. This is a secure and impregnable 

teu on the 19th August, 1602, by the Lord De- they were.' To-morrow (by the grace of God), 

puty Mountjoy, to Cecil, that Henry O'Neal, I am again going into tlie field, as near as I can, 

the eldest son of Shane O'Neal, had then broken utterly to waste the Country of Tyrone, &c." — 

out of prison, and that his brother had done the See Morysori's History of Ireland, edition of 

like long before. And his Lordship adds: " But 1735, vol. iii. p. 190. 

as things stand now, 1 do not see any great use ' In the prison, literally, " in the prison in 

to be made of them ; and I fear I shall be more -which he wag," which is redundant even in 

troubled with them than if they were still where Irish. P. O'SuUevan Beare states, that Art was 



jgiQ aNNa^.a Riosbachca eineaNN. [1592. 

cliar an can Do elaiccfp ayf Dol gup an rslfno ipn ap bd hinnill leo bfir 
annraibe ceo ccmsoair om ccip. O Rainic an siolla ^up an maijin i mbaof 
piada acpeo a pcela 66, ^ ainail po pdccaib na hocca po ela ap an ccacpaij, 
1 nac bepraoi i mbfchaiD poppa muna ciopca Dm ccobaip accpaicce. Uo 
popcongaip piacapo ceDoip pop DpumsDia aop jpaoa (ooneoc pobDap caipipi 
laip Dib) Dol Dm paijiD, -\ pfp po biuD l peap aile p6 lionn T copmaim leo. 
Do ponab paippium inDpin,-] pansaccap bail i mbaccap na piopa. monimp 
nip bo poinmeac paDal bdccapporh pop a ccionn, uaip apiaD pobDap eDjaba 
Dm ccoppaib aineacraip colbaDa ciumaipjeala cloicpneacca ace peoD Dd 
sac Ifc impa, -| ace lomuaim a nionap nuipeccpom, i a ppeabannleincib 
pndccaol ppi a ccnfpaib,-] a nappan inileabap,"] a niallacpann ppi a noipcnib, 
-| cpoijcib gup bo parhalca lap na piopa Dup pamic ndp bo Daoine icip mc 
mp nd niompolac ipin pneacca uaip ni puaippioc bfojaD ina mballaib ace 
ariiail bacip maipb. Ro cogbaD leo lOD ap a lije, -] po pupailpioc poppa ni 
Don biob 1 Don lionn Do .•rocaicfm, -\ ni ppic uaDaib iDip uaip jac Deoc no 
eabDaip no celjDip gan puipeac, conaD ann pin acbac ape po DeoiD, -\ po 
habnacc an Du pin. Odla QoDa po conjaib piDe mp pin an copmaim, I po 
baccap a bpfoja pop popbaipr mp nd hoi ace a 6i coip namd, uaip ap am- 
laiD baccaippibe ma mballaib mapba jan moruecab mp nac 1 lonbolgab 
pip an pfob 1 pip an pneacca. Ro cuippioc na pip pop lomcap eippiurii gup 
an nglionn aDpubimmap, ■] bai i ccij Dfippic i nDiamaip an Dluicpfba agd 
leijfp 50 ccdinicc ceacca 50 Di'celca Dm piop peel 6 a clmrhain an cmpla 
6 Nfill. Ro cpmllpom imceacc mppin mp mbpfic Don ceacca paip. bd 
D01I15 Doporii Dol ipin cupap pin uaip nf po peDab irijCp Dm cpoijcib jup bo 

severely hurt by a stone, which had fallen acci- ceived him with shouts of exultation, mingled 

dentally upon him in his descent from the privy, with expressions of the most implacable animo- 

j Instantly, i crpaicce. — See note ' under the sity to the English name : one kissed his feet, 

year 1590, p. 1899) supra. another clasped his hands, and the peasantry 

^ In a sequestered house He was placed in crowded into the castle to salute with their 

this house from fear of pursuit. Dr. O'Conor usual expressions of respect and veneration the 

ornaments the simple style of the annalists, in young representative of the house of O'Donnel. 

his account of the second escape of Hugh Eoe Feasts were immediately prepared ; the harpers 

O'Donnell, as follows, in his JfiWJOzra, ^'C. p. 108: swept the history of his illustrious family on 

" O'Donnel was carried on men's backs to the the strings of their musical instruments, accom- 

defile of Glyn Malura. Here the O'Beirnes" panied with rhapsodies of their own invention. 

[O'Byrnes] " came out to meet him, and re- Messengers were dispatched to the old Earl of 



t 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1919 

valley ; and many prisoners who escaped from Dublin were wont to resort to 
that valley, for they considered themselves secure there, until they could retiu-n 
to their own country. When the servant came into the presence of Fiagh, he 
delivered his message, and how he had left the youths who had escaped from 
the city, and [stated] that they would not be overtaken alive unless he sent 
them relief instantly^ Fiagh immediately ordered some of his servants of trust 
(those in whom he had most confidence) to go to them, taking with them a 
man to carry food, and another to carry ale and beer. This was accordingly 
done, "and they arrived at the place where the men were. Alas ! unhappy and 
miserable was their condition on their arrival. Their bodies were covered over 
with white-bordered shrouds of hail-stones freezing around them on every 
side, and their light clothes and fine-threaded shirts too adhered to their skin ; 
and their large shoes and leather thongs to their shins and feet ; so that, 
covered as they were with the snow, it did noj appear to the men who had 
arrived that they were human beings at all, for they found no life in their 
members, but just as if they were dead. They were raised by them from their 
bed, and they requested of them to take some of the meat and drink ; but this 
they were not able to avail themselves of, for every drink they took they rejected 
again on the instant ; so that Art at length died, and was buried in that place. 
As to Hugh, after some time, he retained the beer ; and, after drinking it, his 
energies were restored, except the use of his two feet, for they were dead mem- 
bers, without feeling, swollen and blistered by the frost and snow. The men. 
carried him to the valley which we have mentioned, and he was placed in a 
sequestered house", in a solitary part of a dense wood, where he remained under 
cure until a messenger came privately frolii his brother-in-law, the Earl O'Neill, 
to inquire after him. When the messenger arrived, he [Hugh] prepared to 
depart. It was difficult for him to undertake that journey, for his feet could 

• 

Tyrone, and soon after young O'Donnel set out not suspect that he would hazard so close an 
for his own country. approach. Here O'Donnel and he embraced 
" Mean time the Lord Deputy posted guards each other with tears, and then, attended only 
on all the fords of the Liffey, to prevent his by eight horsemen, he took his way through 
escape ; but Fiagh, escorted by a party of horse, Meath, Stradbally, Sliabh Fuad, Armagh, Dun- 
galloped forward with him towards Dublin, gannon, to the shore'of Logh Earne, where, after 
foreseeing that the fords near the capital would escaping a variety of dangers, he was joyfully 
not be so well guarded, since government could received by the brave Hugh Maguire, and con- 



1920 aNNaf,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1592. 

hfijfn 06 neoc ele a rupgbdil pop a eoc, 1 a ^abdil ecip a Dib lamaib do 
pibipi an can no capblainsfo. Ro cuip pmcha nfpim mapcac ipin abaij laip 
50 painic cap abainn lipe oia imofjail pop na celccaiB bacap poa epcoriiaip, 
iiaip DO cualaccap 501II aca cliac 50 paiBe Q06 1 n^lionn rhaoflujpa, conaD 
aipe pin po cuippioc luce coimeDa pop acaib eDoirhne na habann co no 
pajaD Q06, 1 na bpaijoe po ela amaille ppip raippib 1 ccoicceaD ulaD. bd 
hficcfn DO na hoccaib bdcap 1 ppappaD aoba jabail a bpocciip Do cacpai^ 
Dinblinne cap ar nDopaiD nionfibomain baf pop abainn lipe co panjaoap gan 
popcloipceacc Do na gallaib co mbdccap pop paicce on Dume. T?o baf 
an luce lap po cpecceoD pom peace piarh (lopp an ccdono helub .1. pelim 
6 cuorail co no bpocoip) 1 ccpecumapcc an Diopma ajd cpeopuccoD gup an 
Du pin,-] po cfngailpioc a ccoDoc -] a ccaipDfp pe a poile. Uioninoic celeob- 
poD Do, 1 pdccbaiD bfnDoccain occa, -] pgopoic ppip onnpin. 

Oala QoDo uf Dorhnaill nf bof mo pocoip ace an caon occlaoc Do Deoch-. 
aiD pop a lapoip ipin nglionn oipDeopc Do rhumeip QoDo uf neill, -] no lobpaD 
efnga na eeuae nfccponn,"] no bfo6 Do jpep 1 ppocoip on lapla (.1. aoD o neill) 
on can no cfigfo 1 mfpcc gall gup bo heolac,-] gup bo Ddno in joc conoip baoi 
pop o cionn. Coeap laporh pop a nDib neacaib dno uDmalla pop poDoib 
paofn nDfpje no miDe co panjaccop pop bpii no boinne pia moDoin fb goipiD 
o Dpoicfc oca piop, -] pobcap orhnoij im joboil gup an ccocpaij ipin conob 
e nf DO ponpoe gobdil Id hup na hobonn 50 hoipm 1 mbiob lopccoipe Dinnirh 
Deapoil, -| opcpoc bfcc occa pe hiomloceab. Oo coib Qob ipin ccupoc co po 
pdccaib an ciomapcopcaij e popp on mbpuoc allcapoc lop ccobaipe d Idn 
loije DO. Uicc pfp muinncipe oobo ma ppieing,-] jabaib lap na heocha cpep 
an ccocpoij, -| do bepc 50 hoob lao Don caob opoill Don abainn. Uiojaic 
pop a neacaib,"! loceop co mbdoap Dd rhfle on abainn. Qd ciod Doipe Dopac 
Dio^ainn pop a ccionn on conaip po jobpac, -] Dunclab Dirhop ma cimcell 
orhail bib lubjopu poipiaco. T?o baf Dundpup aipbipc Id hocclac naipfjba 

ducted by water to his father's castle of Bally- servant of trust being afraid to bring Hugh 
shannon. ' . O'Donnell publicly through the streets of 
' The;/ were afraid — This artless style could Drogheda, rode with him along the south bank 
be easily improved ; but the Editor will allow of the Boyne, to where he knew there was a 
the Four Masters their own mode of telling ferry, kept by a poor man, who earned his live- 
stories. It should be stated thus : " Tyrone's lihood partly by fishing and partly by ferrying 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1921 

not have been healed [within the time], so that another person had to raise him 
on his horse, and to Uft him from his horse, whenever he wished to alight. 
Fiagh dispatched a troop of horse with him, [who accompanied him] until he 
crossed the River Liffey, to protect him against the snares which were laid for 
him ; for the English of Dublin had heard that Hugh was at Glenmalure, and 
■ had therefore posted guards on the shallow fords of the river, to prevent him 
and the prisoners who had escaped along with him from passing into Ulster. 
The youths who were along with Hugh were obliged to cross a difficult deep 
ford on the River Liffey, near the city of Dublin ; and they proceeded on their 
way until they came to the green of the fortress, unperceived by the English. 
The people by whom he had been abandoned some time before, after his first 
escape, namely, Felim O'Toole and his brother, were amongst the troop who 
escorted him to this place ; and they made friendship and amity with each 
other. They bade him farewell, and having given him their blessing, departed 
from him. 

As for Hugh O'Donnell, he had [now] no one along with him but the one 

young man who had been sent for him to the famous Glen [Glenmalure] ; he 

was of the people of Hugh O'Neill, and spoke the language of foreign countries, 

and had always accompanied the Earl (i. e. Hugh O'Neill) when he went among 

the English ; so th^t he was acquainted with and confident in every road by 

which they had to pass. They proceeded forwards on their noble, swift steeds, 

by the straight-lined roads of Meath, until they arrived before morning on the 

brink of the Boyne, a short distance to the west of Drogheda ; and they were 

afraid' of going to that town, so that what they did was this, to proceed along 

the brink of the river to a place where a poor little fisherman used to wait with 

a little boat, for ferrying [people across the river]. Hugh went into this little 

boat, and the ferryman conveyed him to the other bank, having received a full 

remuneration ; and his servant returned with the horses through the city [town], 

and brought them to Hugh on the other side of the river. They then mounted 

their steeds, and proceeded onwards until they were two miles from the river, 

when they observed a dense bushy grove, surrounded with a rampart, looking 

like an enclosed garden, at some distance on the way before them. On one side 

people across the river. Here he conveyed with the horses through the town df Drogheda, 
Hugh across the river, and then went round where he was well known as Tyrone's servant." 

11 M 



1922 awNa^a Rio^hachca eiHeawH. ' [1592. 

00 na gallaib IdcaoB an Doipe,i ba oeapbcapa Dao6 6 neill eip&e. lap rrocc 
Doib jup an DuncloD pcuipicc a neic, -| cmjaicc ifceac if in ooipe baoi' iy>in 
DunclaD uaip po ba6 pipeolac caofmcecraio aoba ipin maijin pin. lap ppaj- 
bail ao6a hipuioe lui6 piutii ipm DunaD, -| p6 ^eib a piabuccab, puaip pium 
aipfccal Dfippic DaoD 6 borhnaill, -] Do bepc laip 6 50 po ppfprlao -| co po 
ppiocdileaD ariiail bd lainn Ifip. l?o anpac hipuibe co ap a bapac Dabaigh 
T?o jabab a neic Doib 1 nupcopac oibce,-| locap cap pliab bpfj,-] rpe macaipe 
conaill CO panjaccap co cpaijbaile mic buam pia maoam. O Roboap epp- 
laicre ooippi an baile ipin maoain tnuic ayfCo po cinnpfc gabail cperhic 50 
pangacap ma pfimim pop a neacaib 50 piaccacap oon caob apaill. Robrap 
pubaij popppaoilij ap aba a ccepnufb cap gac mbaojal od mbaof pfmpa 
56 pm. Qppfb DO coccap laparh jup an ppiob aipm 1 mbaof coippbealbac, 
mac enpi, mic pelim puaib f neill, Do leiccfn a pcci'pi. 5d hinnill Doib ann 
paibe uaip bd capa -| bd coiccele Doporh an ci coippbealbac, -] ba hionann 
maraip Dopibe, -| Don lapla 6 neill. Qipippic anopaibe co ap a bapac. Oo 
bedcaccap laparh cpe pliab puaicc co pangaccap 50 hapontaca, anaic ann 
CO ofcealco in aohaij pin. Ciajaic ap a bapac co Dun ngfnainn aipm 1 mbaof 
an ciapla aob 6 neill. 6d paoilij eippiurh Dm ccoibeacc, -\ puccab laD 1 
naipeccal uaijjneac jan piop od gac aon ace mab uachab Dia aop caipipi 

" A fine mansion-house. — According to the it was afterwards applied to the towu. — .See it 

Life of Hugh Koe O'Donnell this mansion was already mentioned at the years 1392, 1399, 1423, 

at mainipcip mop, or abbey of Mellifont. 1430, 1434, 1483, 1492, '1557. 

" Conveyed him. — The reader must bear in "■ The Fiodh, i. e. the wood. This is still the 

mind that Hugh O'Donnell could not walk at Irish name of the Fews, in the south of the 

this time, as his toes had been bitten by the county of Armagh, 

frost, near Glenmalure. "Turlough, the son of Henry The name of 

" Sliabh Breach, now anfflice Slieve Brey, a this Turlough mac Henry O'Neill is marked on 

chain of hills, extending from Clogher head, in an old map in the State Papers' Office, London, 

the east of the county of Louth, to Rathkenny, as chieftain of the Fews, in the south of the 

in the county of Meath. The part of this chain county of Armagh. According to a pedigree of 

of hUls lying in the county of Meath is often 0'DDnnell,in the possession of Count O'Donnell, 

called SliabhnagCearc. This mountain is caUed of Austria, this Turlough had a daughter, 

Mons Bregarum, in the Lives of St. Fanchea and Margaret, who married Hugh, son of Calvagh 

St. Colambkille, and it was so called as being Eoe, son of Manus, son of Con [the brother of 

the only mountain in the territory of Breagh. Sir Niall Garv] O'Donnell ; and she had for him 

P Tragh-:^haile-mhic-Bmin — This was origi- a son, Carolus, or Calvagh Duv, the ancestor of 

nally the name of the strand at Dundalk, but the O'DonneUs of Castlebar, and of the Counts 



1.592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1923 

of this grove stood a fine mansion-house"", belonging to a distinguished Englisli 
youth, who was a particular friend X)f Hugh O'Neill. On reaching the enclo- 
sure, they unharnessed their steeds, and entered the grove which was inside 
the rampart, for Hugh's companion was well acquainted with the place. Having 
left Hugh there [in the grove], he went into the fortress, where he was kindly 
received. He procured a private apartment for Hugh O'Donnell, an^ conveyed 
him" thither, where he was attended and entertained to his satisfaction. Here 
they remained until the evening of the following day ; their horses were got 
ready for them in the beginning of the night, and they proceeded across Sliabh 
Breagh°, and through the territory of Machaire-Chonaill ; and before morning 
they had arrived at Tragh-Bhaile-mhic-Buain". As the gates of the town were 
opened in the morning early, they resolved to pass through it on their horses. 
[This they did, and advanced] until they were at the other side ; and they were 
cheerful and rejoiced for having escaped every danger which lay before them 
thus far. They then proceeded to the Fodh", where dwelt Turlough, the son 
of Henry', son of Felim Roe O'Neill, to recruit themselves. They were here 
secure, for Turlough was his friend and companion, and he and the Earl O'Neill 
had [been born of] the one mother. They remained here until the next day, 
and then proceeded across Sliabh Fuaid', and arrived at Armagh, where they 
remained in disguise for that night. On the following day they proceeded to 
Dungannon, where the Earl, Hugh O'Neill, was. He was rejoiced at their arri- 
val, and they' were conducted [rede, Hugh was conducted] into a private apart- 
ment, without the knowledge of any, except a few of his faithful people who 

O'Donnell of Spain and Austria. This Turlough placed between Lough Muokno [at Castle-Blay- 

mac Henry O'Neill, iisually called Sir Tirlagh, ney] and Armagh. This name is still preserved 

• was transplanted from the Fews to Oldcastle, in and applied to the highest of the Fews mountains, 

the county of Mayo, where he got a grant of a It should be here remarked that Fews, the name 

considerable estate, which was forfeited in 1641. of the territory, was formed, not from Sliab 

^ 5/ia6/i i^Mazrf, i. e. the mountain of Fuad, son puaio, the name of this mountain, but from 

of Breogan, one of the chieftains who came over f loo, or pecnj, i. e. wood, which was applied to the 

with the sons of Milesius, so early as A. M. 2934, territory before the two baronies were formed. 

according to ©'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 16. t q^j^gy This is faulty. It should be: " Hugh 

See also Keating's History of Ireland, Haliday's was shewn to a private apartment," because 

edition, pp. 300, 382. This mountain is shewn on there existed no necessity for concealing the 

an old map of Ulster in the State Papers' Office, Earl's servant, who had accompanied Hugh 

London, under the name of Slew Bodeh, and O'Donnell from Glenmalure to Dungannon. 

11 M 2 



1924 awNata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1592. 

bacaji oca pppicailerh, -\ baof aoD an Du pm p6 ceceopa noi6ce aj cup pcipi 
a aipccip -] a imnij oe. Oo bfpc mpom lam pop imceacc,-| ceileabpaip oon 
lapla lap ccop Dipime mapcac laip 50 painicc co haipfp loca hepne. 

5a capa Dopom cpiar an cfpe, i bd bpacaip appainn a tnacap .1. Qob 
majumip uaip bd hi nuala ingfri TTlajnupa uf Domnaill a riiaraip. T?o ba 
paoilij TTldsumip pemepiurh. Uuccab lapaTTi fcap Dia paijib -| cfiD mn. 
Impaippfc ap iappo6ain co pangacap jup an ccaol ccumans baof popp an 
loc CO po jabpar pope an Du pin. Oo coccap Dponj Dm pain muincip ina 
coriiDail annpin, 1 do bfpcpar leo 6 co caiplen ara pfnaij aipm 1 mbdccap 
bapDa ui DOTTinaiU a acapporh. 6ai anopai&e co ccangaccap a mbaoi ina 
ccorhpocpaib ipin cip Dia paijib Dia pia&ucchaD. Robcap paoilig a pani 
muincip ppi Dariina na placa Dup painicc, -| 56 po Dlijpfc painpfpc 66 ap aof a 
ceneoil Ro baof Dariina ndp bo luccg acca Dia ppopBdilce ppip, uaip ap ariilaiD 
baof an cfp ma cfioe cpeac ecip gallaib, 1 jaoiDelaib 56 pin. Ro baccap 
rpa Da caiprfn aipbfipce .1. capcin uulip "] caprin conaill 50 nDi'b ceDaib laoc 
amaille ppiu (canjarcap achaiD piap an can pa a coicceaD connacc) ace 
lonnpaD "] ace opccain an cfpe co coicceann co nibaof 6 pliab anoipi ccfp conuill 
ap a ccumap cenmoca caipciall aca pfnaij, -| caipciallDuin na ngall aipm 1 
mbaof 6 Doriinaill 50 nuachaD Daome ma pocaip. Qp a aof nf po peDpac nf 
Do, -\ nf baof curnang occa gabail ppiu im aiDniilleaD na cpice. 6a hann po 
jabpacc na 501II I'pm lonacacc -\ aiccpeb 1 maimpcip na mbpacap 1 riDun na 
njall lap nDol Dia hupD -] Dia macaib eccailpi po Diariipaib, 1 po Dpoibelaib 
an cipe ap a nioriisabail piurii Duariian a muDaijce -j a mfimbfpca. lap 
mbfic achaiD ipm mamipcip Doib jup an uachaD pluaij acpubpamap, do 

" They rowed him, i. e. the men sent by Ma- lower] Lough Erne, where the River Ei"ne 

guire to convey him to Ballyshannon. Maguire escapes from it : 50 panjacap jup an ccael 

himself did not accompany him, as we learn from ccuapciiriicinj baoi pop an loc pemepeprmap, 

the Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell : "i do caoo bail hi coec ap an ob abbclopac laic-iomoa 

m -| pacbaib bfnnaccain 05 rDajuibip : He ppipi paicep Gipne. 

went into the boat and left his blessing with " Ballyshannon It is stated in the Life of 

Maguire." Hugh Roe O'Donnell that this castle was built 

* The narrow neck — This is that narrow part by Niall, the son of Turlough-an-Fhiona O'Don- 

of the Lower Lough Erne, near Belleek, called nell, in the year 1423. 

Caol na h-Eirne. It is stated in the Life of ^ Willis. — Captain Willis was made sherift" of 

Hugh Roe O'Donnell, by Peregrine O'Clery, Fermanagh, despite of Maguire, who had given 

that Gael na h-Gipne is that part of [the the Lord Deputy three liundred cows to free 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1925 

attended him ; and here Hugh remained for the space of four nights, to shake 
. off the fatigue of his journey and anxiety. He then prepared to depart, and 
took his leave of the Earl, who sent a troop of horse with him till he arrived 
at Lough Erne. 

The lord of this country, namely, Hugh Maguire, was his friend and kins- 
man, by the mother's side f for Nuala, daughter of Manus O'Donnell, was 
Maguire's mother. Maguire was rejoiced at his arrival. A boat was afterwards 
provided for him [Hugh], into which he entered ; and they rowed him" thence 
until they arrived at the narrow neck" of the lake, where they landed. Here 
a party of his faithful friends came to meet him, and they conveyed him to the 
castle of Ballyshannon", where the warders of O'Donnell, his father, were [sta- 
tioned]. He remained here until all those in the neighbourhood came to him, 
to welcome him ; and his faithful people were rejoiced at the return of the heir 
to the chieftainship ; and though they owed him real affection oh accoimt of 
his family, they had an additional cause of joy at this period ; [for, until his 
return] the country had been one scene of devastation between the English and 
the Irish. There were two famous captains, namely. Captain Willis' and Cap- 
tain Conwell, with two hundred soldiers (who had some time before come 
thither from the province of Connaught), who were plundering and ravaging 
the country in general, so that they had [reduced] in subjection ,to them the 
entire of Tirconnell from the mountain westwards, excepting the castle of 
Ballyshannon, and the castle of Donegal, in which O'Donnell was [stationed] 
with a few men. The English, however, were not able* to do him any injury ; 
nor was he [on the other hand] able to prevent them from plundering the 
country. The place where the English had taken up their abode and quarters 
was the monastery of Donegal, the friars and ecclesiastics having fled into the 
wilds and recesses of the territory to avoid them, from fear of being destroyed 
or persecuted. After having resided in the monastery for some time, with the 

his country from a sheriif. Fynes Moryson them all to the sword, if the Earl of Tyrone had 

states that Captain Willis had for his guard not interposed his authority." — Vol. i. p. 28. 

one hundred men, and " lead about some one See also P. O'Sullevan Beare's Hist. Cathol. Iber. 

hundred women and boys, all which lived on Compendium, fol. 126. 

the spoil of the country." Hence that Maguire, « Were not able, literally, " Non potuerunt 

" taking his advantage, set upon them and drove isti nocere illi" [O'Donnello] "nee erat potestas 

them into a church, where he would have put illi prohibere istos a diripiendo territorium." 



1926 QNNaca Rio^hachca emeaNH. [1592. 

beacaccap Dpong Oiob co heocaip iinlib an cuain Di mile cfimenn 6 Dun na 
ngall piap 50 bmle uf baoijiU 6ip ba hinnill leo bfir ipuibe 6 po bcitccap 
bpaijDe na cpice pop a cciimaf. No cfijDip ma noeipib "] ma ccpiapaib co 
inbfipDip cp66 "] cfrpa, lonnmapa -| eoala m po ba coriipocpaib Doib oon cfp 
oia paijib Don baile fpn. bacrap Do jpep ace rocuipfd puilliD ploi^ -| 
pochaiDe cuca do doI cap bfpnap mop Dmspeim "| oapccam na cfpe Don caob 
roip DO pliab arhail Do ponpac aipm imbacrap. 

Imcupa Qoba uf Dorhnaill lap ccogaipm a cfpe cucca, nf po an ppiu 50 
leicc (6 po cuala an mopbpoiD 1 mbaccap cenel cconaill, milleab -| mfbiac 
na mamipcpec) occ appfD Do pome coiDecc 50 Dun nangall eineac r nioncaib 
ppip na jollaib. Nf capDpac an cfp eippiorh 1 ppaill gan cocc po a cojaipm 
ina neipib "] ma mbul&nib amail ap ofine conpangaccap Donfoc po cappac he 
IdpoDam po lapom a ceacca ap amup na ngall Dia potDa pm jan lompuipeac 
no eapnoDhaD ipm Tjlaip Dia hai&milleaD nf bd pipe, 1 nac ccoipmfpccpaD 
impa cecc an conaip baD lamn leo, ace noma co po pdccbaiDip Dia nfip ina 
mbaof DO bpoiD, -| Do cpoD na cpice leo. Vio baoi Duaman -] Dimeaccla poppa 
pom CO nDeapnpacc inDpin arfiail po popcongpaiD poppa, "] pobDap buiDij Do 
poccain a nanmannleo, "] loccap pop a cculaib DopiDipi 1 ccoicceaD connacc. 
Ti^anjaccap na bpaicpi lapam Don mainipcip. 

Do cuaiD aoD 6 Dorhnaill 50 hdc pfnaij 1 pppicippi, 1 Do bfpc Ifja Do 
ICjfp a cop, -| nf po peDpac Ifijfp do co po Deilijpioc a 61 opDain ppip, -| nfp 
bo hojpldn 50 DiuiD mbliabna. baof pium arhlaiD pin in ocaiplije a cop 
6 pel bpi^De 50 mf appil. O Do DeachaiD abuaipe na haimpipe fppchaibe 
pop ccula bd poDa laip po bof ina ocaiplige 1 po cuip capcclamab "] cionol 
pop a mbaof urhal Dia acaip alia coip Don cplmb oipDeapc .1. bfpnap mop cfpe 
liaoba, -| po cionoil cuicce a mbaof alia ciap Don cpliab ceDna .1. 6 baoijill, -) 

* Baile- Ui-BhaoighiU, i. e. the town or resi- River Eske, near its mouth, 

dence of O'Boyle, now Bally weel, — See note ", *• Two and three, literally, '.'in twos and threes." 

under the year 1440, p. 920, supra. On an old "^ Such of them as loved him. — The reader must 

map of parts of the coasts of Mayo, Sligo, bear in mind that the sons of Calvagh O'Donnell, 

Leitrim, and Donegal, preserved in the State and their followers, the O'Gallaghers, O'Do- 

Papers' Office, London, " Ba. O'Boile" is shewn hertys, and some of the Mac Sweenys, were op- 

as a castle on the north side of the " Bale of posed to the election of Hugh Eoe as chief of 

Donegale," opposite the " Monasterie of Done- Tirconnell. 

salle" which is shewn on the south side of the * Bands " eip .i. bumeun."— O'C/wy. 



1.592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1927 

small number of forces which we have mentioned, a party of them went to 
Baile-Ui-Bhaoighill% [a castle] on the borders of the harbour, about two thou- 
sand paces west of Donegal, for they considered themselves secure there, as 
they had the hostages of the country in their power. These were wont to go 
forth, in companies of two and three", and carry off the flocks and herds, goods 
and treasures, of the neighbourhood with thera into this castle. They were 
constantly inviting additional hosts and forces to proceed across Barnesraore, to 
j)ersecute and plunder the country on the east side of the mountain, as they had 
already treated the western portion. 

As for Hugh O'Donnell, after having summoned the country to him, he did 
not long wait for them (when he heard of the great oppression in which the 
Kinel-Connell were, and of the spoiling and profanation of the monastery), but 
proceeded to Donegal to meet the English face to face. The [people of the] 
country, such of them as loved him', did not neglect to come at his summons ; 
they followed him in bands" and in companies as expeditiously as they were 
able ; he, thereupon, sent his messengers to the English, to tell them not to 
remain or abide any longer in the monastery destroying it ; and, [adding] that 
he would not prevent them to depart in any direction they pleased, provided 
only they would leave behind all the prisoners and cattle of the territory they 
had with them'. They were so terrified and dismayed that they did as they 
were ordered ; and, being thankful that they escaped with their lives, they went 
back again into the province of Connaught. The friars then returned to the 
monastery. 

Hugh O'Donnell returned to Ballyshannon, and sent for physicians to cure 
his feet ; but they were not able to effect a cure until they had cut off both his 
great toes'; and he was not perfectly well till the end of a year [afterwards]. 
He remained thus confined under cure of his feet from the festival of St. Bridget 
to April. When the cold of the spring season was over, he thought it too long- 
he had been confined as an invalid ; and he sent [persons] to assemble and 
muster all those who were obedient to his father to the east side of the cele- 
brated mountain, i. e. Barnesmore, in Tirhugh ; and he collected [also] all those 

With them, i. e. in their hands, or in their a coipe. In Irish the same word is used to ex- 
possession. press finger and toe; they are distinguished by 

f Both his great toes :. a 6i opouin .1. oa opooij adding l^iiiiie and coif e. 



1928 QMNata Rio^hachra eiReawH. [1592. 

TTlac y'UiBne cfpe bojaine. Uanaic beop Dia corhmopab 6 Dorhnaill a acaip 
.1. aob mac majnupa, mic ao6a Duib co na commaim amaille ppif i. injfn 
cpemai|' mec oorhnaill a maraippiorh. ba pe lonab epoalca in po Dalpac 
na maice pin pe a poile hi ccill imic nenain,"] bd hano no hoiponijre ua Dorh- 
naill t)0 jpef 1 ccijeapnap pop cenel cconaill. Rainicc piurh jup an Uon 
cceDna an Dii pin. Udnaic mo aipfp ao6a u( Dorrinaill gup an maijin pin, 
TTlac puibne pdnac Oorhnall mac coippDealbaig, mic Ruaibpi, -] TTlac puibne 
na ccuar eojanocc mac eojain oicc mic eojam. bdccap nponga tteapmapa 
X)o cenel cconaill nd rdnaicc ipin ccorh6ail pm. Roba oibpiOe ao6 mac aoba 
ouib mic aoDa puaib i bomnaill,"] pliocc an calbaig mic ITlajnupa mic ao6a 
ouib, ua Docapcaig Sfan occ mac Sfain, mic peilim mic concobaip cappaij 
rofpeac cpiocaic cecc mnpi heoccain, -\ Dpong Do cloinn rpuibne Do Deach- 
aiD ap a cci'p, comb ano po aicrpeabpac pop up loca peabail,i ap laD pobrap 
coipij lomjona Don calbac ua Doninaill, -| Dia pioliiia DfDhaig. bdccap beop 
Dpong itiop Don riiuinnp jallcubaip jan ffcc ann pin rpia rhiopcaip -] cpia 
ihfopun amail an luce naile. 

Do c6i6 laparh ua Domnaill QoD mac majnupa -] na maire pin cangacap 
Dia paijiD DO cpu6 a ccomaiple, "] bd pf6 po cinnfo Id hua nDomnaill (6 po 
aipijfpcaip a enipce ~\ aibble a aofpe) a cijfpnap Do cabaipr Dia mac, ■] 
6 Domnaill do jaipm De. T?o rholpac cdc i ccoircinne an corhaiple ipin, -\ 
po gnice pamlaiD, uaip Do paDob 6 pipjil an caipcinDeac Dia paijiD, "| po 
oipDnfpcaippioe Ctob puaD i ccfnDup na cpice Id popcongpa, -] Id bfnDacc a 
arap,"] Do pone opD an anma peib poba cecca,i po jaip ua Domnaill De an 
.3. Id DO man. 

Ni po leicc 6 Domnaill ao6 puaD pccaoileab Don uachaD pocpaiDe pin 00 
pala ma pappab co painicc ecip cpoijcec -| mapcac ipin ccoiccpic i ccenel 
eojain mic neill. Nf beachaib cpa paibce, nd pfirhpiop Dia paijib, ap nf po 
paoi'lpioc a eipje pium ineallma ap in lije ma mbaoi, -| nf moa Do paDpac 

^ KUmacrenan It is stated in the Life of the only district over wliich the O'Donnells had 

Hugh Roe O'Donnell that CiU mic Nenam, the sway until they dispossessed the O'Muldorys 

church in which St. Columbkille was educated, and O'Canannans. 

and where the O'Donnells were inaugurated, '' Tricha-ched, i. e. hundred, or barony, con- 
was situated on the north side of the river Le- taining one hundred and twenty quarters of land, 
anainn, in the very centre of the Triacha ched, ' Like the others, recte, "great numbers of the 
or cantreds of Cinel-Luighdheoch. This had been O'Gallaghers also abstained from coming to this 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1929 

to the west of the same mountain, namely, O'Boyle, and Mac Sweeny of Tir- 
Boghaine. There came also to join him, his father, O'Donnell, i. e. Hugh, the 
son of Manus, son of Hugh Duv, with his wife, the daughter of James Mac 
Donnell, his [Hugh Roe's] mother. The place of meeting appointed by these 
chieftains was Kilmacrenan^, where the O'Donnell was usually inaugurated Lord 
of the Kinel-Connell. He arrived with the same number at that place. To 
Hugh O'Donnell's levy on this occasion came also Mac Sweeny Fanad (Donnell, 
the son of Turlough, son of Rory), and Mac Sweeny-na-dTuath (Owen, Oge, 
the son of Owen Oge, son of Owen). There were many parties of the Eanel- 
Connell who did not come to this assembly. Of these was Hugh, the son of 
Hugh Duv, son of Hugh Roe O'Donnell ; and the descendants of Calvagh, the 
son of Manus, son of Hugh Duv ; O'Doherty ; John Oge, the son of John, son 
of Felim, son of Conor Carragh, Chieftain of the Tricha-ched" of Inishowen ; 
and a party of the Clann-Sweeny, who had gone away from their [own] terri- 
tory, and were dwelling at that time on the margin of Lough Foyle, and who 
had been leaders in battle to Calvagh O'Donnell, and his descendants after him. 
There was also a great number of the O'Gallaghers who did not come hither, 
through spite and malice, like the others'. 

O'Donnell (Hugh, the son of Manus) and these chiefs who came to meet 
him, then held a consultation ; and the resolution which O'Donnell came to (as 
he felt his own feebleness and great age) was, to resign his lordship to his son, 
and to style him O'Donnell. This resolution was universally applauded by all, 
and accordingly adopted, for O'Firghil the Erenagh was sent for ; and he inau- 
gurated Hugh Roe chief of the country, by order and with the blessing of his 
father ; and the ceremony of conferring the name was legally performed, and 
he styled him O'Donnell on the third day of May. 

O'Donnell (Hugh Roe) did not permit those few troops he had then with 
him to disperse, but marched them, both horse and foot, into the neighbouring 
parts of [the territory of] the race of Eoghan, the son of Niall. No notice or 
forewarning [of this movement] had reached the others, for they did not think 
that he had perfectly recovered from his confinement ; yet they did not intend 

meeting, being, like the others, actuated by the cited her Scottish attendants- to murder Hugh, 

malice and animosity which they bore to Hugh son of the Dean 0' Gallagher, as has been already 

Eoe, and his mother, Ineenduv, who had in- at full length set forth," 

11 N 



1930 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReaww. [1592. 

♦ , 

Dm nufo cficfm pm ccenel cconaill 6 cfin TTiai[i. T?o cpeac loi]^ccea6 in po 
ba coirhnfpa Doib Do cenel eojain lap an uarhab ploij pin goncap aipli jceap 
gac aon pob inecca ap a piiccpac. Capracap an pluaj eoala lom&a enp 
cfcpaib 1 inoilib, "| poaic pop cculaib oia ccpic bu&ein. 

6a hancc baof Dunapup uf neill coippoelbais luinij ap an ppac mbdn m 
lonbam fin, ■) nfop bo jndr aipipioifi uf neill piarh hipuiDe gup an ccoippDeal- 
bac I'pin. ba mop a ifnopolca pom ppi cenel cconaill,"] ppi cliamain uf Dom- 
naill .1. an ciapla 6 neill. T?o cappaing ua neill oponj do jallaib Duiblinne 
Dia nfpcaD 1 naccaiD cenel cconaill 1 an lapla uf neill .1. capcin uulap, -\ 
capnn pulapc 50 nDfb ceoaib laoc amaille ppiu. 6d jalap mfnman Id 
hua noomnaill occgoill Duiblinne do code i nop a cpice Do caipcelaD a 
acapba, -\ an cuicciD ap cfna conaD aipe do poine SloicceaD laip a ccionn 
rpeaccmuine ^ ccfp eojain. Ro ceicpioc luce an cfpe an bala peace piarh 
50 panjaccap c\annacca jlinne jfimin. Qc cuap Doporh co mbuf 6 neill "| na 
501II pempdice co Ifon a pocpaiDe ma compocpaib, pop popcongapc 6 Domnaill 
pop a pocpaiDe a nionnpoiccbib aipm 1 mbdccap. Do p6na6 paippium inopm. 
Oo bfpc puabaipc biobbaD -| amup amnap poppa hi mibrnfoon laof. Oo 
conncacappaibe cenel cconaill cuca nf po anpac ppiu ace ciajaic pop a 
niom^abdil co caiplen baf pop bpu na habann DianiD ainm l?oa. 6a Dainjean 
Dieojlaije an coipciall fpin, -] bd Dun apap Dua cardin eipibe. l?o gab 
ua Dorhnaill ace lompuibe imon mbaile. T?o paofb ua caedin a reacea do 
paijib uf bomnaiU, -\ pccpibfno laip cuicce, bd hfb baof ipin licip gup bo 
oalca Dopom 6 Domnaill, -| co po epnaibm a capaopab pfp 6 cein, -| po ba eecca 
bri p6 Ddij an capaccpab fpin an ccpeic edinicc pop a lonchaib *] pop a 

' '' Second occasion. — Qn oala peace piaih .i. in ruins over a deep glen, through which the 

an Dapa peace poime. They did not fly before Roe flows. 

him on his first irruption. ™ He was informed " Cuap, no ab cuap .1. 

' Cianachta-Glinne-Geimhiii, now the barony 00 hinipeooh." — O'Clery. 

of Keenaght, in the county of Londonderry. — " On the margin of the. River Roa. — This was 

See note °, under the year 1197, p. 107, supra, probably the castle of Limavaddy, which was 

The River Roa, or, as it is now anglicised. Roe, situated on the margin of the River Roe, in the 

flows through this barony, dividing it into two barony of Keenaght — See note ', under the 

almost equal parts. The vale of this river was year 1542, p. 1472, ^pra. O'Kane had ano- 

called Gleann-Geifnhin by the Irish ; and the ther castle at Dungiven, on the same river. 

■ name is still partly preserved in that of Dun ° What was stated.— Tha style is here very 

Geimhin, anglice Dungiven, a church standing clumsy and totally devoid of art. The language 



1592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1931 

to fly before the Kinel-Connell [neither, indeed, had it been their wont to do so] 
from a remote period. By this small army of the Kinel-Connell the neigh- 
bouring parts of Kinel-Owen were plundered and burned ; every one fit to bear 
arms whom they caught was put to the sword and slaughtered. The army also 
seized upon many spoils, both herds and flocks, and [then] returned back to 
their own territory. • 

At this time the residence of O'Neill (Turlough Luineach) was at Strabane, 
where, before the time of this Turlough, the O'Neill had not usually held his 
residence. Great was his animosity to the Kinel-Connell, and to O'Donnell's 
brother-in-law, namely, the Earl O'Neill. O'Neill drew a party of the English 
of Dublin to strengthen him against the Kinel-Connell and the Earl O'Neill, 
namely, Captain Willis and Captain Fullart ; and they had two hundred soldiers 
along with them. It was anguish of mind to the young O'Donnell that the 
English of Dublin should have come to the confines of his territory to spy his 
patrimony, and the province in general ; wherefore, in a week's time he made 
a hosting into Tyrone. The people of the country fled on this second occasion" 
before him, until they reached Cianachta-Glinne-Geimhin'. He [O'Donnell] 
was informed" that O'Neill and the English before mentioned were [assembled] 
with all their forces in the neighbourhood ; and he ordered his troops to ad- 
vance to the place where they were. This was accordingly done. He marched 
resolutely and fiercely against them in mid-day. When they perceived the Kinel- 
Connell approaching them, they did not wait for them, but fled, to avoid them, 
to a castle which was [situated] on the margin of a river called Eoa". This was 
a strong, impregnable castle, and the mansion-seat of O'Kane. O'Donnell pro- 
ceeded to lay siege to the castle. O'Kane sent a messenger with a letter to him. 
What was stated"' in this letter was, that O'Donnell was his foster-son ; that he 
[O'Kane] had ratified a friendship with him long since ; that by reason of this 
friendship, it was now lawful for him [O'Donnell] to leave to him the property 

should be constructed thus: " O'Kane sent a their cattle, and placed themselves under his asy- 

messenger with a letter to O'Donnell, remind- lum ; that he had solemnly promised to protect 

ing him that he was his fosterfather, and that he them before he knew that it was from his own 

had been at all times on terms of friendship with fosterson, O'Donnell, they were flying ; that if 

his father, O'Donnell, and him ; that, in conse- O'Donnell would spare these on this occasion, he 

quence of this friendship, O'Donnell should now would never again admit under the shelter of his 

spare those O'Neills who had fled to his castle with fortilace any enemies to his fosterson, O'Donnell. 

11n2 



1932 awNQta Rio^hachca emeaNH. [1592. 

comaipce do leccab 66 an can j'in,-i nctc leiccpeaD cuicce oopmiyi t)ia mbOc- 
riurh ma 6iai6. Do pao 6 Domnaill an aif cci6 pn Do, 1 yom^' ma ppicmj, 1 
no a^]\^Y co cfnD ceopa noiDce co na laib if m ccpic ap a noeacaccap na 
cpeaca Dia ccapo comaipce aja loc -[ accd IdinrhiUeaD. Soaip cap a aip 
Dia ci'p peipin,"] ni po qipip co painicc ofin na njall, -) bai annpaiDe ppi pc Da 
miop aca Ifijfp. 

Ro ba paoa laippiurh baof 6 neill -] a 501II jan pobaipc ppip an pe pin, 
-\ po cuip cionol pop o plojaib locap app laporh cap bfpnap mop, cap pinn 
cap moDaipn Do 60I jup an ppar mban aipm 1 mbaoi 6 neiU co na jallaib, 1 
ni po anpac 50 pangaccap eneac in lonchaib ppiu. O neill cpa ni po pdccaib 
piDe ndiD a joill DainjCn an DunaiD Dia ppobaipc piom, o na puapaccap pom 
a pppeaccpa im caiciopjail, bappfo do ponpac cfinnce 1 cfnDala Dabannab 
1 ccfceopa apDa an baile, -) ni po pcappac ppip co pop loipcpioc 1 mbaof do 
cijib ppi mupaib peaccaip, -] 6 na puapaccap na 501II amac Do fappaccam 
na hoipccne Do coccap Dia ccijib lap ccopccap. 

Imcupa an lapla i neill 6 po piDip piDe aincpibe a ceneoil babem Dua 
Domnaill (aoD puab) appfb Do poine Dol do paijib an nipcip .1. uilliam pic?- 
uilliam, ") ppoce;rion Dpajbdil Dua Domnaill Id cocc Do lacaip, ") Dia accal- 
laim CO cpaijbaile mic buain. puaippium iDip inDpm -] Do coiD ap cfnD 1 Dom- 
naill 50 Dun na njall, "] puc laip e co cpai j baile. Oo coccap Diblfnib Do 
paijib an lupcip, ~\ bd paoili 5 piurh ppiu, -\ po maif an celub Dua Domnaill, -\ 
po naiDmpioc a pic 1 a ccapaccpab ppi poile amail ip Deac po peDpac, -| 
ceilebpaic na maice pin ppip an lupcip, -\ pdccbaic bfnDaccain occa, "] poaic 
Ifc ap Ifc Dia ccijib. 

Od cualaccap an Dpong Do cenel conaill bdcap 1 pppicbfpc ppi hua nDorh- 
naill piobuccab do ppip an lupcip canjaccap pibe uile p6 copa ~\ p6 pir t>ia 
pai^iD. Robcap lao bd haipfjDa cdinicc annpm Qob mac aoba Duib mic 

'' To avenge. — " Cappacraiii .i. bio^ail." — request founds a strong argument in favour of 

O'Clery. the suspicion of Fynes Moryson, who says that 

"^ To obtain a protection. — This was a wise Fitz-William was privy to the escape of Hugh 

stroke of policy in the Earl O'Neill, in order to Koe O'Donnell. 

intimidate the race of Calvagh O'Donnell and 'Peace. — Copa .i. piochcham — O'Cleri/. 

their adherents, who were opposed to his brother- ^ Hugh, the son of Hugh Duv. — It is stated in 

in-law, Hugh Roe O'Donnell. The facility with the Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, that this Hugh 

which the Chief Governor complied with this Duv was the senior of all the race of Dalach, the 



1.592.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1933 

which had come under his asylum and protection ; and that he would never 
again admit such, should he [O'Donnell] be in pursuit of it. O'Donnell granted 
him this request, but, returning back, remained three days and nights in the 
territory whence the spoils to which he had given protection had been removed, 
plundering and totally devastating it. He then went back to his own country, 
and never halted until he had reached Donegal, where he remained two months 
under cure. 

By this time he thought it too long that O'Neill and his English were left 
unattacked ; wherefore, having assembled his forces, they proceeded through 
[the gap of] Barnesmore, and across the [Rivers] Finn and Mourne; on his way 
to Strabane, where O'Neill and his English were [stationed] ; and they never 
halted until they came before them face to face. But O'Neill and his English 
did not come outside the donjon of the fortress to engage them ; and when 
they were not responded to in battle, they set fires and flames to the four oppo- 
site quarters of th^ town, and did not depart until they had burned all the 
houses outside the walls ; and when they covild not excite the English to come 
forth to avenge" the destruction, they returned home in triumph. 

As for the Earl O'Neill, when he perceived the enmity that his own tribe 
bore to O'Donnell (Hugh Roe), what he did was, to proceed to the Lord Jus- 
tice, William Fitzwilliam, to obtain a protection'' for O'Donnell to come before 
him, and confer with him, at Tragh-Bhaile-mic-Buain [Dundalk]. This he ob- 
tained at once, and went to Donegal to O'Donnell, and took him to Tragh-Bhaile- 
mhic-Buain, where both appeared before the Lord Justice, who was gracious 
to them, and he forgave O'Donnell the escape. They confirmed friendship and 
amity with each other as strongly as possible, and, having bid the Lord Justice 
farewell, and left him their blessing, they all returned to their respective homes. 

AVhen that party of the Kinel-Connell who were in opposition t© O'Donnell 
heard that he had made peace with the Lord Justice, they all came to him 
in peace' and amity. The most distinguished of these who came there were 
Hugh, the son of Hugh Duv', son of Hugh Roe ; Niall Garv', the son of Con, 

son of Muirclieartach, next after Hugh, the sou youth Hugli Roe, who was a man of greater elo- 

of Manus, whom he expected to succeed in the quence, wiser counsel, loftier mind, and of greater 

government of Tirconnell. He is described as the force of character to command and enforce obe- 

Achille^s of the Irish race, but it is added, that it dience. 
was no disgrace to him to have submitted to the ' Nial Garv — This is the Nial Garv who 



1934 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiueaNN. [1593. 

ao6a jiuaib. Niall jajib mac cuinn, niic an calbaig, ttitc TTla^nuy^a mic aoba 
ouiB CO na bpairpib, -| 6 Docapcaij Sfan occ mac Sfain, mic peilim mic con- 
cobaip cappai^ lap na jabail laiypiurfi. 



aOlS CPIOSU, 1593. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, cuicc cet), nocac, a rpi. 

O Dorhnaill Q06 puab do bfic 1 mf lanuapii na bliabna yo ina loy^cab 
aipeacaip babein illficbfp pop loncaib a narhac .1. coippbealbac luuieac mac 
neill conallaij. Ro gab 05 imipc a eccpaicn -\ a aincpibe paip Dia lonnapbab 
ap a rijeapnap, ■] Dia enipoucchao ap odij ao6a uf neill OoipDneaD ina lonab. 
6d pfipoe Dopam an peimoeiccpi Do pome uaip painicc occfpnap do paiccin 
ao6a uf neill, "j do pace coippDelbac luineac aonca 1 urhla Do imon ainm do 
jaipm De. l?o jaipeab laparh o neill Daob o neill (.1. an ciapla), "] leiccip 
roippbealbac luineac na 501II po baccap laip uaba lap piobuccab bo ppi hua 
neill "1 ppi hua nDomnaill. 1 mi TTlaii Do ponpab Do ponab inDpin. Ro baof 
Dna coicceab concobctip mic nfpa p6 pmacccam pfoba Don Diap I'pin, 1 po 
baDap 1 ngeill, -) a naicipe pop ccumup gombcap pomamaijre Doib. 

Qn clann uiUiam pin a Dubpamap Do cocr ipreac 1 ccfnD an jobepnopa 
po peil mfcil na bliabna pfmainn po boccaibpioc na 501II larc, co ndp pagaib- 
pior a bfg Dia maoin no Dia mop maicfp aca pia mbelcaine net bliabna po -[ 
an mfiD na po Di'olaicpiccheab Dia nDaoinib, "] nd po bdpaiccheab po jabpac 
pop pccaoileab "] pop eippfbeb pecnoin epeann DiappaiD a mbfchab. 

Gappaenca coccaib ap nfipje ecip Sip Seoippi binjam 6 baile an rhoca -| 
bpian na pamcac (.1. bpian occ) mac bpiain mic bpiain, mic eojain uf puaipc 
pa belcaine na bliabna po. ha. he abbap an impfpna cuiD do ciop na bain- 
piojna nac'ppic on mbpfipne ap in bpeil pin. bpian 6 Ruaipc Dm paba gac 
ciop Da mbaof gan Diol gup ab ap an ppfpann bai ina pdpac po baof, -] ndp 

afterwards betrayed the cause of Hugh Roe to the Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell that O'Doh^rty 

the English. It is stated in the Life of Hugh and he came to meet each other with a party of 

Roe O'Donnell, that this Niall Garv, who was a twelve horse on either side ; that Hugh Roe, 

fierce and valiant champion, wasthe foster-brother indignant at the idea that O'Doherty alone should 

and brother-in-law of Hugh Roe, but still that he oppose him, took him prisoner, and kept him in 

submitted to him, not through love but fear. irons until he rendered hostages for his future 

" After having taken with him, — It is stated in obedience. 



1593] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1935 

son of Calvagh, son of Manus, son of Hugh Duv, with his kinsmen ; and O'Do- 
herty, namely, John Oge, the son of John, son of Felim, son of Conor Carragh, 
after having been taken prisoner by him" [Hugh Roe]. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1593. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand jive hundred ninety-three. 

O'Donnell (Hugh Roe) was during the month of January of this year at 
Lifford, his own lordly residence, confronting his enemy, Turlough Luineach, 
the son of Niall Conallagh. He proceeded to wreak his enmity and vengeance 
upon him, to expel him from his lordship, and weaken his power, in order that 
Hugh O'Neill might be inaugurated in his stead. He was the better of this 
precaution which he took, for the lordship came to Hugh O'Neill, and Tiurlough 
Luineach gave consent, and made his, submission to him, in order that the dig- 
nity might be conferred on him. Hugh O'Neill, namely, the Earl, was then 
styled the O'Neill ; and Turlough Luineach, after having made peace with 
O'Neill and O'Donnell, sent away the English whom he had with him. This 
was done in the month of May. The province of Conor Mac Nessa'' was then 
under the peaceable government of these two ; and they had the hostages and 
pledges of the inhabitants in their power, so that they were subject to them. 

The Clann- William, whom we mentioned as having submitted to the Gover- 
nor at the Michaelmas of the preceding year, were so impoverished- by the 
English, that before the May of this year they left them not the smallest portion 
of their former wealth or great riches ; and such of their people as had not 
been executed or (otherwise) destroyed were scattered and dispersed through- 
out Ireland, to seek for a livelihood. 

A warUke dissension arose in the month of May in this year between Sir 
George Bingham of Ballymote and Brian-na-Samhthach, i. e. Brian Oge, the son 
of Brian, son of Brian, son of Owen O'Rourke. The cause of this dissension 
was, that a part of the Queen's rent had not been received out of Breifny on 
that festival, Brian O'Rourke asserting that all the rents not paid were those 
demanded for lands that were waste, and that he [Bingham] ought not to 

" Tim pro\)ince of Comr Mac Nessa, i. e. the Nessa, who was its king in tlie early part of the 
province of Ulster, so called from Conor Mac first century. 



1936 aNNa?;a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1593. 

6I15 pium ciof oiappaio a papac 50 mbfic a puiDiucchab. Sip Seoippi t)o cup 
paijDiuipme ip m mbpeipne 00 Denam cpeice 1 n^ioll an ciopa, "] ap e geall 
capla cuca bleaccac bpmiri ui puaipc babein. Do c6i6 bpian DiappaiD a 
riaipicc, 1 noca rpuaip iDip. Uainic piurh mpom Dm rip,"] po cuip cionol pop 
OTTipoib 1 pop aop cuapapcail 1 rci'p eojam, 1 ccenel cconaiU,-] 1 ppfpaib ma- 
nac. lap poccain DoiB Dia paijib nf oeapna aipipfrh do 16 no Doibce co pdinicc 
CO baile an rhocaijj. CIn can baoi 1 ccompoccup an baile po leicc pccaoi'leaD 
nd pcceirhelcoibpd od cpioca cloinne oonnchaib .1. an coparn, 1 cfp oilella. 
Nfp bo mop Don rip pm nd po'aipcc Don aon puarap pin. l?o loipcceaD laip 
beop an Id pin cpf baile Decc ap jac raofb Do baile an mocai^, -j ]io leip- 
cpeachaD baile an riiocaij pfin laip peac jac mbaile. Nip bo hionaipim o 
necca cenmora mac cobcaij puaiD mecc pampa&din po mapbab 6 bpian, 1 
T^illibfpc 5paiine Dume uapal Do rhuincip Sip pfoippi Do rhapbab on Ifir naile. 
Cicc mac ui puaipc cap a aip co naipcccib, 1 co neoalaib lomba laip Dia fip. 
Qn ceD mi Do parhpab Do ponab mnpin. 

Sluaicceab Id mdjuibip aob mac conconnacc Diomrnnc pip in ploij pin 
bpiain uf Ruaipc Qpfb po jab cerup cpe Depcepc na bpepne lairh cle le 
loc aillinne, Duaccap ua noilealla, -] Don copann Do Dpoicfc mamipcpeac jia 
buille 50 macaipe connacc. Roleicc pccaoileab Dd pcceirhelcoib in upropar 
laof p6n cfp ma cimcell. IS anD capla Don jobepnoip .1. Sip T?ipcepD binjam 
bfir ap cnoc i nDopup cuillpcci 1 mbapuncacc T?oppa commain in oibce pin 
aj coimeipceacc ppip an cfp ma cimceall,"| do pala Dpong do rfiapcploij an 
jobepnopa ag cuapcuccab na ccnoc ap jac caofb Don culaij 1 mbaof piurh, 
1 nf po pdcaijpioc nf Id Dallciac na maiDne muice 50 ccapla laD pfin, 1 
majuibip CO na mapcpluaj aghaib in ajhaib. Do paDpac mapcpluaj an 
jobepnopa cul Doib, 1 po Ifnab laD jan C0151II Id majuibip co na muincip, -\ 
po bdp ajd ppaoi jlfbfi agd pfopbualab co poccain Doib jup an ccopccab "| 
5up an ccomnapc aipm 1 mbaof an jobepnoip. l?o pilleab DopiDipi ap TTlaguibip 
1 pppirinj na conaipe ceDna, -] po bdp ajd Ifnmain 50 Dol Do 1 nfiDipmfbon a 
coipijrfb. Oc connaipc an gobepnoip co na baoi' coimlfon t)aoine ppiu po pill 

' More than, literally, " and Ballymote itself evident from the context. See the Editor's Irish 

was totally plundered by him beyond every Grammar, part ii. chap. vii. p. 318. 

bally." The Irish preposition peac means ea-tra, ' Gilbert Grayne Sir Henry Docwra calls 

I. e. beyond, or more than, in this clause, as is him " Captain Grenn Omoley," in his Account 



1593.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1937 

demand rent for waste lands until they should be inhabited. Sir George sent 
soldiers into Breifny to take a prey in lieu of the rent ; and the soldiers seized 
on O'Rourkes own milch cows. Brian went to demand a restoration of them, 
but this he did not at all receive. He then returned home, and sent for merce- 
naries and hireling troops to Tyrone, Tirconnell, and Fermanagh ; and after 
they had come to him, [he set out, and] he made no delay by day or by night 
until he arrived at Ballymote. On his arrival in the neighbourhood of the town, 
he dispersed marauding parties through the two cantreds of the Mac Donoughs, 
namely, Corann and Tirerrill ; and there was not much of that country which 
he did not plunder on the excursion. He also iDurned on that day thirteen 
villages on every side of Ballymote ; and he ravaged Ballymote itself more than'' 
[he did] any other town. Their losses were of little account, except the son 
of Coffey Eoe Magauran, on the side of Brian ; Gilbert Grayne*, a gentleman 
of Sir George's people, who was slain on the other side. The son of O'Eourke 
then returned back to his owti territory loaded with great preys and spoils. 
This was done in the first month of summer. 

A hosting was made by Maguire (Hugh, the son of Cuconnaught), to emu- 
late that excursion of Brian O'Rourke. He proceeded first through the eastern 
part of Breifny, keeping Lough Allen to the left ; then through the upper part 
of Tirerrill, through Corran, and across the bridge at the monastery of Boyle, 
into Machaire Connacht. Early in the day he dispatched marauding parties 
through the country around. This night the Governor, Sir Richard Bingham, 
happened to be on a hill near the gate of Tulsk, in the barony of Roscommon, 
watching the surrounding coimtry ; and a party of his cavalry went forth to 
scour the hills around the hill on wliich he was [stationed] ; but they noticed 
nothing, in consequence of a thick fog of the early morning, until they and 
Maguire's cavalry met face to face. The Governor's cavalry turned their backs 
to them, and they were hotly pursued by Maguire and his people, who continued 
to lash and strike them until they arrived at the camp" and fortification where 
the Governor was. They again turned upon Maguire, and pursued him back 
by the same road, until he had reached the middle of his forces. When the 
Governor saw that he had not an equal number of men with them, he returned 

of Services done by Sir Richard Bingham, " Camp. — Cofrab .1. cai apcab Old Glos., 

already referred to. i. e. a temporary dwelling, a camp. ' 

11 



1938 



awNQf-a RTO^hachca eiReawH. 



[1593. 



cap a aiy\-| ce]ina pfm co na "mbaoi ina papjiab on ppoiyieiccfn yin senmora 
uiUiani clipapr (ouine uapal Deappccai^re) 50 ccuicceap no pfipeap mapcac 
amaille ppip Do riiapBaD Don cup pin. Ro mapbaD Don caob oile Gmann 
maj pampaDain ppiomaib apDa nnaca (do pala co cfccrhaipeac 1 ppocaip 
mejuibip) 1 an cab majuiDip .1. cacal mac an abbao, l ITlacc capppaij; 
peilim, 1 mac a bfpbparap. Qn 3 l^ do mi lul po mapbaicc laDpfin, ap aoi 
cpa nf po IfnaD maguiDip 6 pm co hoiDce, -] puce cpeaca, -\ cpomaipcre an 
cipe, -\ DO c6i6 on poplonjpopc 50 a cele 50 cobpaiD cCim pi^in co peapaib 
manac. 

baoi IDajuiDip, -\ an bprnn 6 Ruaipc perhpaice ppi pe an cparhpaiD i 
ccaomaonca coccaiD 1 aibmiUce pop jallaib. baof beop bpian mac aoDa 
nice mic aoba, mic Sfain buiDe meg macgarhna 6 Dapcpaije oipjiall,-] clann 
eimip mic conulaD 6 pfpnmaij -[ RipDfpD mac uillicc a bupc .1. mac Dfrhain 
an coppain map an cceDna pop po jail 1 pop Dibfipcc in acchaiD gall. Uucc- 



'' Accidentally. — Camden thought that the 
titular Primate, Mac Gauran, accompanied Ma- 
guire on this excursion designedly, to encourage 
him to fight against the heretics. His words 
are as follows : 

" Ille [Mac Guyrus vir ingenii et pugnacis- 
simi] priEdabundus in vicinos agros irruit, 
Conacthiam ingreditur concomitante Gaurano 
sacrifico, qui a Papa Primas Hibernia; designa- 
tus, jussit ut Deo fretus fortunam experiretur, 
certam victoriam poUicitus. Secus tamen acci- 
dit, Mao Guiro fortitudine Eich. Binghami fu- 
gato, & Primate cum pluribus occiso. Mox Mac 
Guyrus in apertam rebellionem prorumpit, 
quem Tir-Oenius Officii prosequutus, vulnus 
cum magna fortitudinis & fidei accipit." — An- 
nales Reg. Elis., A. D. 1593. 

The account of this irruption of Maguire into 
Connaught, and of Archbishop Magauran's death, 
is given as follows by Philip O'SuUevan Beare, 
Hist. Cathol. Iher., tom. iii. 1. ii, c. 6 : 

" Sub hoc tempus Edmundus Macgabhranus 
Ibernia; Primas, Arohiepiscopus Ardmachse ex 
Hispania a laimo Flamingo Pontanensi merca- 



tore vehitur, habeus ad Ibernos Regis Hispanife 
mandata, vt Protestantibus pro Fide Catholica 
bellum indicant, & ab ipso quam celerrime aux- 
ilium mittendum esse, intelligant : & ad Mac- 
guierem, qui iam bellum gerebat, profectus, 
cupidum bellandi virum Catholici Regis verbis 
& auxilij spe in incoepto facile confirmauit. Cum 
Primate MacguierBrethnia Orruarki Principatu 
transmissa rursus Connachtam exiguis viribus 
ingreditur. Ea de re certior factus Richardus 
Binghamus Anglus eques auratus Connachtse 
prajfectus in ilium mittit Gulielmum Guelfer- 
tum Anglum cum paruis copijs. Ad locum cui 
scuto miraculorum \_Skieth na bh/eari] antiqui- 
tas nomen indidit, occurritur. Vtriusque partis 
equitatus peditum agmina prseibat, tacitis cor- 
nibus procedens. Dies erat densissima nebula 
perquam obscura. Quare prius fere vtrique 
alteros offenderunt, quam viderun^. Signo tuba 
subito date vtrinque in pugnam proruitur. 
Macguier, quo erat pr»sentissimo semper animo, 
Guelfertum hasta transfodit, & interimit, eiusque " 
equitatum fundit, & fugat. Macguierem non 
procul ante pedestre agmen sequebatur Primas 



1593.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1939 



back, he himself and all his people having escaped scathless from that conflict, 
except only WiUiam Clifford, a distinguished gentleman, and five or six horse- 
men, who were slain on that occasion. On the other side were slain, Edmond 
Magauran, Primate of Armagh, who happened accidentally" to be along with 
Maguire on this occasion ; the Abbot Maguire, (Cathal, son of the Abbot); 
Mac CafFry (Felim), and his brother's son. These were slain on the third day 
of July. Maguire was not pursued any more on that day" ; and, having carried 
away the preys and great spoils of that country, he proceeded steadily and 
slowly, from one encampment to another, to Fermanagh. 

The Maguire and the Brian O'Rourke before mentioned confederated during 
the summer to war against and plunder the English. Brian, the son of Hugh 
Oge", son of Hugh, son of John Boy Mac Mahon, from Dartry-Oriel ; the sons 
of Ever Mac Cooley', from Farney ; and Richard, son of Ulick Burke, i. e. the 
son of Deamhon-an-Charrain, were also in insurrection and rebellion against 



Equo vectus et duobus tantum equitibus Felmio 
Maccaphrio, & Cathalo Macguiere comitatus : 
in quern, dum Macguier dum Guelferto dimicat, 
altera regij equitatus turma incidit. Primas 
fugiens equo corruit, & stratus humi interimitur 
vna cum Felmio pugnante. Ex agmine Catho- 
lico pedites, qui Primatis vocem cognouerunt, & 
si ilium non videbant, nebula oculorum vsum 
intercipiente, accurrunt, & Cathalum stricto 
ferro pro Primate prseliantem existiirfantes esse 
ex Protestantibus multis vulneribus conficiuut, 
& Protestantes equorum pernicitate illasos di- 
mittunt Interfecto Primate Macguier magls 
msestus, quam obtenta victoria, & pra;da la:tus 
domum redit. Eursus Orruarkus, & Macguier 
statuentes non modo Protestantibus Anglis, sed 
etiam ijsCatholicis Ibernis, qui illis auxiliaban- 
tur, esse officiendum in Midhia Inaliam Ophe- 
ralis ditionem depraedantur. Cum quibus de 

,prffida csepit equestri proBlio experiri Guliemus 
Opheral, sed in ipso equitum primo congressn 

• Macguier jmgnae finem fecit, qua erat felicitate, 
& virtute, Gulielmum hasta traijciendo. Quo 
occiso cseteri nihil amplius institerunt, & Or- 

11 



ruarkus, & Macguier prseda potiuntur." — Fol. 
127, 128. 

The reader will also find a somewhat similar 
account of these events in Lombard, De Hib. 
Com., p. 345 ; and Stuart's Historical Memoirs 
of the City of Armagh, pp. 269, 270. 

" On that day, literally, " Maguire was not 
followed from that till night," which is not cor- 
rect, because he was not followed then either. 

'' Brian, the son of Hugh Oge. — See his pedi- 
gree given in the Account of the Territory or 
Dominion of Farney, by E. P. Shirley, Esq., 
p. 150. 

* Ever Mac Cooley. — He is called Farmer of 
the Fernie by Fynes Moryson. His pedigree is 
given by Mr. Shirley, ubi supra, and long ex- 
tracts from his petitions to the Queen, and to 
the Lord Treasurer, are given in pp. 97-100. 
In a letter of recommendation of this Ever Mac 
Cooley, by the Lord Deputy and Council, 5 th 
January, 1592-3, he is styled " a principall gen- 
tleman of the county of Monochan, attending 
the Court in England, his children civilly 
irought up, and have the English language." 
o2 ^ 



1940 awHa^a Rio^hachca eiReaNH. [1593. 

yar na haipjmlla pi amuf pop banna paijbiuip baoi 1 muineacan 50 po 
mapbab leo a niiprhop conab De pin caimcc ppoclamacion Do cop in gac baile 
mop Da mbaof in epinn Dia poccpa na Dponsa pin a Dubpamap (co na ccorh- 
aonraib) Do beir ma ccpecuipib. 

Ro poccaip an lupcip lappin ipin ppojmap ap ccinn do rhopplnai^eab na 
mibe laijfn 1 Ifice moja doI 1 nuUroib. T?o poccaip map an cceona gobep- 
noip coicciD connacc ploicceab 6 pionainn 50 Dpobaoip Do 60I ma ccoinne 50 
hepne Dala an lupcip do poDpaibe a lonab pfin ap an ploicceab pin do 
mapapccal an lubaip -] Diapla ci'pe heojain .1. aob mac pipbopca, mic cuinn 
bacaij. T?o imojpioc na ploij li'onmapa lanrhopa pm Don caob roip do loc 
epne o capn mop plebe bfra 50 hfp puaib. Nip bo lainD Id Inapla ci'pe 
heojain cocc pop an cploicceab pin, apa aoi po baoi Duaman na ngall paip 
jjup bo hficcfn Do a piap Do jnforfi. 

Od cuala Qob mdjuibip roicfpcal an cploij Idnrhoip pin Dia paijib po 
cuip a cpob 1 a cfcpa ecip bu -] innili 1 ccenel cconaill pop a niomjabail. 
baoi pfin jup an uachab ploij cappupraip ina pappab Dia n'p pfin "] oarhpaib 
a cfpib ele Don caoib nop Do loc ace imp cerlionn pop cionn na njall co nd 
leicceab cdipip lacc an Du pin,"] po jabpac laparh laim cli ppip an loc 
(amail pemebepcinap) 50 pangacrap at oipDfipc pil pop an eipne .1. ar 
culuam. Qn ccfin bdccappom ncc cocr an Du pin po bui Dlajuibip co na 
pocpairre aj coimimreacr ppiu Don caoib nap do loc 50 painicc gup an ar 
ceDna Don caoib apaill. Ro lonnpaigpioc laparh an plo^ gall an cncb, -| po 
baoi niaguibip agd copnarfi ppiu peib a curhainj. Qp a aoi cpa po piopab 
an pOipocal .1. luijib lolap ap uafab uaip pob ficcfn an cdr Do Ificcfn do na 
gallaib, -| po ppaoi'neab pop maguibip, "| po mapbab pochaibe nm munnp. 
T?o gonab lapla ci'pe heogain Don cup pm. 

f Cam-mor, now Carnmore, a townland in that anglice Slieve Beagh, see note ", under tlie year 

part of the parish of Clones, which extends into 1501, p. 1260, supra. 

the county of Fermanagh See Ordnance map, * To avoid thein, i. e. away from them. 

sheet 35. It is a part of the range of Slieve '' Ath-Culuain. — P. O'SuUevan Beare calls 

Beagh, or Slieve Baha, and contains a large earn this "Beal au Cluoen, os vadi prati ;" and it is 

from which it has derived its name, and which " Bel atha cul uain," in these Annals, at the year 

is a very conspicuous object, of which a good 1597. It is still the name of a ford on the River 

view can be obtained from the top of the moat Erne, about half a mile to tliewest of Belleek — 

at Clones. For the situation of Sliabh Beatha, See note ", under the year 1247, p. 341, supra. 



1593.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1941 

the English. These people of Oriel made an attack upon a company of soldiers 
who were [stationed] at Monaghan, and slew the greater part of them ; where- 
fore a proclamation was issued to eveiy town in Ireland, declaring the aforesaid 
persons 'and their confederates to be traitors. , 

In the autumn following, the Lord Chief Justice commanded a great hosting 
of [the men of] Meath, Leinster, and Leath-Mogha, to proceed into Ulster ; and 
the Governor of the province of Connaught ordered a hosting [of all those dwell- 
ing in the region extending] from the Shannon to the Drowes, to meet them 
at Lough Erne. As for the Lord Justice, he gave his own place on this hosting 
to the Marshal of Newry and the Earl of Tyrone (Hugh, the son of Feardorcha). 
These numerous and very great forces marched from Carn-mor'^ of Sliabli- 
Beatha to Easroe, [keeping] on the east side of Lough Erne. It was not pleasing 
to the Earl of Tyrone to go on this expedition ; however, he had so much dread 
of the English that he was obliged to obey them. 

When Hugh Maguire heard that this great hosting was approaching him, 
he sent all his property, both cows and flocks, into Tirconnell, to avoid them^, 
while he himself remained at the west side of the lake, at Epniskillen, with a 
small army of the inhabitants of his own territory, and hired soldiers from other 
territories, to oppose the English, and to prevent them passing that place. The 
others marched with their left to the lake, as we have before stated, until they 
arrived at a celebrated ford on the Erne, namely, Ath-Culuain^ While they 
were advancing to that place, Maguire and his forces kept pace with them at 
the other side of the lake, so that he arrived at the same ford on the opposite 
side. The English army then proceeded to cross the ford ; and Maguire at- 
tempted to defend it as well as he was able. But the proverb, " the many shall 
overcome the few," was verified in this instance, for Maguire was obliged to let 
the English pass the ford, and was defeated, with the loss of a considerable 
number of his people. The Earl of Tyrone' was wounded on this occasion. ■ 

' The Earl of Tyvoae — This is the last action innocence in single combat with his adversary. — 

in which Tyrone fought on the side of the Eng- See Captain Lee's Letter to Queen Elizabeth, 

lish. The Marshal Bagnal, whose sister had m the Desiderata Curioaallibernka, vol. i\. ^.^], 

been carried off by Tyrone, who married her, a sequent. ; and Leland's History of Ireland, 

impeached him of divers treasons, to which he book iv. c. 4. The following account of this 

replied, offering even to appear in England and attack upon Maguire, and the cause of Tyrone's 

there to defend his cause, or to maintain his disaffection, is given in P. O'Sullevan Beare's 



1942 



aHNfir.a Rio^liachca emeaNW. 



[1593. 



Ccinaicc jobepnoip coicciD connacc, -] lapla cuaDmuman DonnchaD mac 
concobaip inic Donnchaib i bjiiain inct ccoinne Don caoi'b ele Don epne, -] ni 



Hist. Cathol. Iher. Compend., torn. iii. lib. ii. 
cc. 7, 10: 

" Heec dum agebantur, exercitus duo, quos in 
Macguierem conscribi Eegina iusserat, compa- 
rati sunt. Alteri praeerat Henricus Bagnal eques 
Auratus Ibernia; Castrametator, et Vltonia; pra:- 
fectus, qui minime spernendas copias ex Ibernis, 
& Auglis prsesidiarijs, Ibernisque nuper delectis 
ducebat. Equites habebat septingentos quorum 
partem maiorem, et peditum non paruam per- 
duxit Comes Tironus, qui iussus Eeginse im- 
perio non gerere morera, minime sibi integrum 
putabat. Macguier impendente periculo per- 
culsus Odonellum, vt sibi prissidium ferat, 
rogat. Ex cjuo acceptis paucis Ibernis bipen- 
niferis, & Scotis sagittarijs, & aliquot obsratis 
suis armatis longe exiguiores copias, quam 
Iiostis, habebat, quorum erant equites fere cen- 
tum. Bagnal cis Ernium flumen cum copijs 
omnibus constitit, inde traiecturus fluminis va- 
dum, quod Prati nuncupatur, Maoguie.risque 
obferatos, qui eo fugerant, prsedaturus. Ab 
altera parte Macguier consederat. Vitro, ci- 
troque missilibus pra;lium inchoatur, Eegij nu- 
mero militum, armorum genere, natura loci 
prestabant. Nam, & peditatus multitudine su- 
periores erant, equites septingentos contra cen- 
tum habebant, & bombardarios contra sagitta- 
rios : neque enim sagittam tam longe iaculatur 
arcuSj quam bombarda plumbeam pilam. Pra- 
terea bombardarij ex sylua, quse ad fluminis 
ripam pertinebat, Catholicos in planicie stantes, 
impune feriebant : et sagittarij in regies arbo- 
rum densitate protectos minime poteraut sagittas 
coUineare. Ita cum pugnaretur magno Catho- 
licorum detrimento. Comes Tironus, qui regio 
equitatui^prseerat, calcaribus additis cum omni 
equitatu vadum penetrat, & in Catholicos im- 
pressionem faciens omnes fundit, fusosque in-i 
sequitur non tamen longe, nam ab Iberno pedite 



per femur telo transfixus est, & Macguier cum 
equitatu sue peditibus fert subsidium. Ea 
pugna desiderati sunt Catholici minus ducenti, 
ex regijs per quam pauci. Inter Tironum, qui 
qui fuit graui vulnere affectus, & Bagnalem ex 
hac quoque victoria vetus inimicitia augetur, 
dura vterque sibi gloriam arrogat : Bagnal, 
quod ipse esset exercitus imperator, & Vltonise 
prsefectus caiteros imperio regens ; Tironus, 
quod ipse magna equitatus partem ductitauerit, 
vadum cum equitibus transmiserit, Macguieri- 
anos in fugam verterit, periculum adierit, & 
vulnus acceperit. Ob id a Bagnale rogatus, vt 
litteris Keginam, & Proregem de ipsius virtute 
faceret certiorem, se illis coram verum dicturuni 
respondit. Odonellus, qui cum vberiore equi- 
tatu, bombardarij s, & hastatis Macguieri sup- 
petias ibat, ad noctem post pugnam factam per- 
uenit, hostemque inuaderet, nisi per internun- 
cios a Tirono clam rogaretur, vt ipsius salutis 
rationem haberet, Protestantes non circumue- 
niens, dum in eorum castris ipse esset, qua; cito 
foret deserturus, vt deseruit : nam timens, ne a 
Bagnale vinculis mandaretur, & ad Proregem 
vinctus traheretur (vt iussum fuisse credebatur) 
ea nocte e castris saucius fugit in Dunganinnani 
municipium suum, vbi medicamentis adhibitis 
breui curatur. Eodem tempore Eichardus Bing- 
hamus Connachtffi prffifectuslniskellinnam magis 
intestina proditione, quam vi capit. Ea insula 
est non magna Ernio lacu cincta, in qua Mac- 
guier arcem duplici vallo cincta tenebat. In 
banc Binghamus copijs in Connachta conscriptis 
ex Anglis aliquot, sed Ibernis pluribus Catho- 
licis signa militaria pedestria quindecim, & 
equestria quatuor per Brethniam Orruarki di- 
tionem tunc temporis vastam, atque direptam 
perduxit, vectusque pontonibus, & phasellis 
ircem diebus aliquot frustra oppugnat, militibus 
octoginta magna virtute propugnantibus : baud 



1593.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1943 



The Governor of the province of Connaught and the Earl of Thomond 
(Donough, the son of Conor, son of Donough O'Brien) came to meet them at 



dubiusin cassum se vires diffundere, dato signo, 
propugnatores ad colloquium prouocat. Ad eum 
in castra prodit vnus non satis genere notus, 
sed cui propugnatores maxime suam salutem, & 
arcem credebant, quod apud Macguierem fami- 
liaritate plurimum valebat, ab eoque donis orna- 
batur. Filius porcse, vel scrophae cognomina- 
batur, nee incongrue : nam prseterquam, quod 
stattira erat inelegante, & facie difformi, illi 
etiam duo Columellares dentes ore prominebant 
similes suis, vel apri fulminibus. A Binghamo 
promissionibus, atque donis corruptus, & victus, 
postquam cum eo statuit, quemadmodum sit ar- 
cem proditurus, ad suos, tamquam arcem ad in- 
ternecionem defensurus, rediuit. Binghamus 
induciaruiii spacio transacto more solito arcem 
oppugnat. Propugnatores suam quisque par- 
tem tutantur. Filius scrophaj, quasi sortiter, & 
animose dimicaturus sese in exteriore vallo hos-. 
tibus ostentat. Hi ilium magno agmine aggredi- 
untur. Ille ex oomposito fugieus locum defen- 
sore nudum deserit, & tamquam sese recipiens, in 
secundum vallum celeriter confert : quo etiam 
sequentibus hostibus aditum permittit, arcis 
portam subiens, quam ingresso, miles qui ad 
portam in stationibus erat, venientibus hostibus 
portam claudere, & obserare festinat : sed ilium 
Filius Scrophffi stricto ferro percutiendo humi 
sternens patefactis foribus hostes inducit, qui 
propugnatores omnes prseter proditorem intere- 
merunt : et senes pueros, atque fsminas, qui in 
arcem confugerant ex sublicio ponte, quo insula 
cum continente coniungebatur, prascipites dede- 
runt. Locate in arce prajsidio Binghamus, & 
Bagnal celeriter- reuertuntur cum Tirono iam 
diffidentes, tum Odonellum, & Macguierem ma- 
joribus copijs refectum timentes." — Cap. vii. 

" Hajc dum aguntur, & Odonellus Iniskellinna; 
obsidionem producit, Tironus Comes magis in- 
dies Protestantibus infensus, & suspectus red- 



ditur. Principio ob victoriam apud vadum 
Prati de Macguifere obtentam gratise a Regina 
Bagnali relatse sunt, Tirono vero ne actse qui- 
dem, aut habitae, quo nihil hie impatieutius 
ferebat : neque tarn cruciabatur, se diguo proemio 
fuisse fraudatum, quam eo Bagnalem ornatum, 
Icetantem, atque triumphantem : quippe vterque 
alterum inexpiabili odio persequebatur multis 
de causis. Bagnal Vltonia; prsefectus Tirono vi- 
debatur in prouincialium bona I'acere impetum, 
& prohibebatur. Tironus Bagnalis sororem fee- 
minam forma conspicuam speciei pulchritudine 
captus rapuerat, matrimonio sibi coniunxerat, ot 
ex Protestante eonuerti ad fidem Catholicani 
fecerat : pactam sibi dotem a Bagnale retineri 
querebatur. Bagnal sajpe dixerat non tam cla- 
ritate mariti sororem suam, & familiam esse 
decoratam, quam Papistse rebellioue, & perfidia 
esse breui fcedandam, & illi esse priuignos, (jui- 
bus, et non sororis suae liberis, si quos progig- 
neret, esset hsereditas amplissima deferenda. Ob 
has, & alias causas vterque alterum in singulare 
certamen Dubhlinnse prouocauerat, congressu- 
rique videbantur, nisi ab amicis anteuerteren- 
tur. Hinc Bagnal nullam ineommodandi Tirono, 
& in eum accendendi Keginse inuidiam occasio- 
nem praatermittebat. Insuper Tirono occurrebat 
Macmagaunus crudeli supplicio nuper affectus, 
& eius nomen Parlamenti decreto extinctum ; 
aljjque principes Iberni deleti in mentemvenie- 
bant. Sed Catholico viro Catholicse Religionis 
libertas prsecipue ante oculos obuersabatur. 
Quibus & alise suspiciones noue accesserunt. 
lohannes Onellus Tirona; princeps cum fuisset 
a Scotis militibus suis per perfidiam extinctus 
(vt superius tradidimus) eius quoque posses- 
siones Anglia; Kegince fuerjmt addicts, & si 
frustra, nam sunt retentse a Terentio Onello. 
Inter has Farnia Iberi Macmaganni municipium, 
regina etiam fuit adiudicata eo nomine, (juod ad 



1!H1 



aNNQta Rio^hachca eiReaNH. 



[1593. 



nepgenpac nac nf iniji ace an goheprKJip 50 nfipje amac coicciD connacc 00 
poab 50 mainif'cip na buille -| a bfic pe hacham annpiri 05 cpeacliao muin- 
npe henlaip -] mpraip pfpmanac. Ro pccaoilptoc pip connacc Dia cci^ib ap 
a hairle. Oo 6eacliai6 lapla cfpe heo^ain 1 on mapapccal Dm ccijib lap 
milleab nnopdin 1 ppfpaib manac. 1?o pdccaibpioc banoaije ipin cfp 05 conj- 
narh la concobap occ mac concobaip puaib meguibip haoi in eccpaiccfp pe 
indsuibip. 6d rifThpoinTriec rpaoncaOac pobdp 6 clocap moc noairhene 1 ccip 
eoccam 50 pdiccpuacain i cconnaccaib "| 6 rpdi^ eormle gobpeipne ui \\a^^^• 
illij an can pin. 

TTlds caprai^ piabac .1. Gojan mac Dorhnaill mic pin^in ci^eapna caip- 
ppeac 00 ecc, pTp ceillij cpaibbec po ba mairenec,-] oipbfpc epibe,-) Dorhnall 
moc copbmaic na haoi'ne 00 jobail a lonoib. 

TTIaipe injeon copbmaic oicc mic copbmaic, mic caiDcc meg coprai j bfn 
111 puillebdin moip do ecc. 

muipcfpcac mac concobaip, mic coippbeolbaij ni bpiam 6 bpuim laigfn 



lobannem pertinebat, & a Regina Comiti Essexiae 
Anglo dono data. Sed tunc temporis neque 
adiudicatio neque donatio execution! mandata 
est Ibero possessiones suas obtinente. Postea 
Comitis huius iam mortui filius Farniam euidam 
lohanni Talboto Angloiberno locauit, Talbot- 
usque in Farniae castellum, & possessionem a 
Reginee iudicibus inittitur, frustra a Catholicis 
obiurgatus, quod minime iuste Iberi Catholici 
viri possessiones ab Hseretico, qui in eas iniusta 
actione agebat, conduxerit. Iberi vero filij earn 
opportunam occasionem rati, qua gerebat Odo- 
nellus^ arma, amicorum manu coacta Farniam 
cabtellum noctu iuuadunt. Foribus improuiso 
ignem admouent. Castelli inquilinus Talbotus 
suffocante fumo expergefactus subucula tantum 
indutus lecto exsilit, foresque patefacit ; pone 
ianuam absconditus, vbi Iberi liberi cum agmine 
suo irruperunt, nudus egressus pedibus salu- 
tem petit, quem sua familia sequitur eiecta, & 
direpta. Cuius rei culpam Angli in Tironum 
transferebant, asserentes hoc inuito, nihil illos 
ausuros. Sub idem tempus Angli, qui Ard- 



macham Primatls Iberni sedem praesidio tene- 
bant, templum ingredi constituunt, resisten- 
temque sedituum, & alios sacer dotes in vin- 
cula conijcere. Ad rixam accurrens Bernardus 
Onellus, qui tunc forte in oppido erat, sacerdotes 
in libertatem asserit. Duodecim Anglos milites 
patibulo suspendi iubet. Reliqui praesidiarij 
fugiunt, cuius rei authorem fuisse Tironum 
Protestantes pro re certa, indubitataque confir- 
mabant." — Cap. x. 

Captain Thomas Lee, who wrote his memorial 
addressed to Queen Elizabeth in 1594, and who 
had commanded some troops in various posts -on 
the frontiers of Ulster, during Fitz-William's 
administration, and who was well acquainted 
with the machinations of Bagnal, who had 
been planted at Newry, to effect the ruin of 
the O'Neills, thus writes of the trial by combat 
with which O'Neill offered to clear himself of 
Bagnal's accusations of treason : 

"And then, I am persuaded, he will simply 
acknowledge to your Majesty how far he hath 
offended you ; and besides, notwithstanding his 



1593] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1'945 



the other side of the Erne. They effected nothing [worthy of note], except that 
the Governor returned with the rising-out of Connaught to the Abbey of Boyle, 
where he remained for some time, plundering Muintir-Eolais and the west of 
Fermanagh. The men of Connaught then dispersed for their homes. The Earl 
of Tyrone and the Marshal [also] returned to their houses, after destroying 
much in Fermanagh. They left companies of soldiers in the country to assist 
Conor Oge, the son of Conor Roe Maguire, who was at strife with the Maguire. 
Unhappy and disturbed was the state of [the entire extent of country] from 
Clogher Mac Daimhene in Tyrone to Rath-Croghan in Connaught, and from 
Traigh-Eothuile to Breifny O'Reilly, at this time. 

Mac Carthy Reagh (Owen'', the son of Donnell, son of Fineen), Lord of Car- 
bery, died. He was a sensible, pious, truly hospitable, and noble-deeded man. 
Donnell, the son of Cormac-na-h-Aoine, took his place. 

Mary, the daughter of Cormac Oge, son of Cormac, son of Teige Mac Car- 
thy, and wife of O' Sullivan More, died. 

Murtough, son of Conor, son of Turlough O'Brien, of Druim-Laighean', died. 



protection, he will, if it so stand with your Ma- 
jesty's pleasure, offer himself to the Marshal 
(who hath been the chiefest instrument against 
him), to prove with his sword that he hath most 
wrongfully accused him ; and because it is no 
conquest for him to overthrow a man ever held 
in the world to be of most cowardly behaviour, 
he will in defence of his innocency allow his ad- 
versary to come armed against him naked, to 
encourage him the rather to accept of his chal- 
lenge. I am bold to say thus much for tlie 
Earl, because I know his valour, and am per- 
suaded he will perform it." 

* Owen. — He was Sir Owen Mac Carthy Reagh, 
Chief of Carbery, a district in the county of 

Cork, now divided into four baronies See 

Genealogies, Tribes, ^c. of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 447, 
in which is quoted a Chancery Kecord, from 
■which it appears that Teige O'Donovan, in his 
replication to his brother, Donnell O'ponovan, 
asserts that this Sir Owen Mao Carthy was an 
intruder, and that Donnell Mac Carthy was en- 

11 



titled to be " Mac Cartie Reough, whereunto he 
had right by her Highnes' Patents." The Don- 
nell mentioned in this Chancery Record is the 
very person referred to in the text as the suc- 
cessor of Owen, the son of Donnell. Accord- 
ing to the manuscript, entitled Carbrice Notitia, 
already often quoted, this Donnell was usually 
called Donnell-ni-pipy [ooriinaU na bpiopaioe] 
from some pipes of wine which were washed 
ashore during his time, which was considered 
an omen of good success. He married Margaret, 
the daughter of the Earl of Desmond, and had 
by her a son, Cormac, who married Eleanor, 
daughter of the White Knight, and had by her 
a son, Daniel, who married Helen, daughter of 
the Lord Roche, and had by her a son, Charles, 
who married Eleanor, daughter of Lord Mus- 
kerry, and had by her a son, Daniel Mac Carthy 
Reagh, who was living in the time of the writer 
o{ Carbrice Notitia [1686], and married to Mary, 
daughter of Col. Townshend. 

' Druim-Laighean, now Dromline, in a parish 

V 



1946 QHHata Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1594. 

Decc, ■] a aohnacal ina baile pfin .1. 1 nopvum laisfn, -\ a mac concobap t>o 
^abail a lonaiD. 

nfluipcfprac mac Dorhnaill, mic concobaip uf bpiain 6 ruica Decc. 

Cabcc mac uilliam mic cai&cc 6uib uf ceallaij on cala6 1 ccpic im maine 
tiecc, 1 po ba Do moippccelaib 6 maine an ri cfpoa ann y^in. 

O Duibi&ip coiUe na manac .1. pilip mac uaicne Decc,-) a mac Diapmaic 
DO jabail a lonaiD. 

TTlaipjpecc mjfn uf Baoijill (coippDealbac) Decc. 

aois CRiosr, 1594. 

Qoip Cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceD, nocac, acfcaip. 

TTIac macjamna .1. cijeapna cope baipcinD aipcfpai^i Decc .1. Uaocc mac 
mupchaiD, mic caiDcc puaiD, mic coippDealbaij, mic caibcc,"] a mac .1. coipp- 
Delbac puab Do jabdil a lonaiD. 

O Suillebdin beippe Gocchan, mac Diapmara, mic Dorfinaill do ecc. Qp 
a aof nf bo 6 Suillebain beippe e an ran pm gep bo hOb piarh, Doij po bfn 
mac a Deapbpacap an bliaDam pia na ecc Dun baoi, 1 beippe De .1. Domnall 
mac Dorhnaill mic Diapmaca lap mbpfir comaiple 8a;:an "] comaiple na 
liepeann, -| po jaipfD 6 Suillebdin beippe Do Domnall pfippin. 

O DubDa cfpe piacpac .1. Dachf, mac caiDcc piabaij mic eogam Do rhap- 
boD Id paijDiuip DO muincip na bainpiojna 1 mbaile Dia bailcib peipin 1 rcip 
piacpac muaiDe. 

O hfiDin Q06 buiDe mac eojain rhanncaij, mic emainn, mic plomn Do ecc. 

of the same name, in the barony of Bunratty, namely, TuUagh, whicli gave name to the ba- 

and county of Clare. In the Description of the rony of Tulla, in the east of the county, and 

County of Clare, in the Library of Trin. Col. which belonged, in 1585, to " Donell Eeagh Mac 

Dublin, E. 2. 14, this castle is placed in " "West Nemara ;" and Tullagh, in the barony of " Cor- 

Mac Namara's country," and the proprietor kemroe," in the west of the same county, which 

of it is set down as " Muriertagh O'Brien," then belonged to Sir Donell [son of Conor] 

who is the very person mentioned above in the O'Brien, who was the father of the Murtough 

text. above mentioned in the text. We may, there- 

■" Tidach — There were two castles of this fore, safely conclude that the Tulach of the text 

name in the county of Clare, according to the is the castle of Tullagh, in the barony of Cor- 

description of that county just referred to, comroe. 



1954.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1947 

and was interred in his own town of Druim-Laighean ; and his son, Conor, took 
his place. 

Murtough, the son of Donnell, son of Conor O'Brien of Tulach"', died. 

Teige, the son of William, son of Teige Duv O'Kelly of Caladh", in Hy- 
Many, died ; and his death was among the mournful news of Hy-Many. 

O'Dwyer of Coill-na-manach° (Philip, son of Anthony) died ; and his son, 
Dermott, took his place. 

Margaret, daughter of O'Boyle (Turlough), died. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1594. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand jive hundred ninety -four. 

Mac Mahon, Lord of East Corca-Bhaiscinn", died, hamely, Teige, the son 
of Murrough, son of Teige Eoe, son of Turlough, son of Teige ; and his son, 
Turlough Roe, took his place. 

O' Sullivan Beare (Owen, the son of Dermot, son of Donnell) died. He was 
not, however, the 0' Sullivan Beare at that time, though he had once been ; for 
in the year previous to his death, his brother's son, Donnell, the son of Donnell, 
son of Dermot, had, by the decision of the Council of England and the Council 
of Ireland, deprived him of Dunbaoi [the castle of Dunboy] and Beare ; and 
Donnell himself was nominated the O'SuUivan Beare. 

O'Dowda of Tireragh (Dathi, the son of Teige Reagh, son of Owen) was 
slain by one of the Queen's soldiers, in one of his own castles in Tireragh on 
the Moy. 

O'Heyne'' (Hugh Boy, the son of Owen Mantagh, son of Edmond, son of 
Flan) died. 

° Caladh, now Callow, in the barony of Kil- conteyns East Corkewasken, and Tege Mac 

connell, and county of Galway See note ', Mahone was chiefe in the same." This Tege 

under the year 1475, p. 1097, supra. Mac Mahon was the father of the Murrough 

° Coill-na^manach, i. e. the wood of the monks, mentioned in the text. ' 
now th§ barony of Kilnamanagh, in the county "* O'Heyne. — Upon the surrender of his pro- 
of Tipperary, which was O'Dwyer's country. perty to the Crown, he received a re-grant of an 

P East Corca-Bhaiacinn. — According to the extensive estate in the original territory, in the 

Description of the County of Clare just referred thirtieth year of Elizabeth See Genealogies, 

to, "theBaronieof Cloynetherala[Clonderalaw] ^c. of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 404. This is the last 

11 p2 



1948 



aNNQta Rio^hachca eiReaNN. 



[1594. 



In^rn TTific uf bpiain apa .1. onopa mgfn coijipbealbaij, mic TTluijicfpcai^, 
TTiic Dorhnaill mic caibcc bfn piapaip mic emainn an calaio tnic pmpaip puai& 
buinlep Decc. 

SloicceaD mop do cionol lap an lupcip, ~\ pctinicc gan pdcuccaD cap na 
cpiochaib popcap corhpoiccpi do ^an nac niompuipeac 50 piacc johinip cfic- 
bonn, -] baoi 1 ppopbaipi, -] 1 niompuiDe imon DunaiD, 1 jeibicr an pluaj pop 
co^ail an rhuip lap na haiDmib bd hablaicc leo, -] nip pccappacc pip 50 po 
jabpac po beoiD, "] pdccbaiD an lupcip bapDa ipin mbaile, -] Do cuaiD Dia 
C15 laparh. 

TTlaguiDip cpa 6d cuala pi6e an lupcip Do poaD pop cculaib po rionoil 
pi&e an Ifon ap lia conpanaccaip co mbaof occ lompuiDe an baile ceDna, "] 
po paiD ceacca Do paijib ui DorhnaiU Qob puaD Dia cuinjib paip cecc Dia 
poipibm Nfp bo hfiplfbac po ppeacpab inDpin laippiurii oip Do coib Dia paijib 
CO na pocpaiDe,"] po jabpac ace popbaipi pop an Dun 6 roppac lun 50 mfbon 
augupc. T?o cpoicbeab,"] po cpeachloipcceab lap an pocpaicce pm 1 nibaoi 



notice of the O'Heyne family in these Annals. 
Duald Mac Firbis continues the pedigree of the 
family of Leydican for two generations more, 
which brings the line down to 1666, when he 
wrote. The Hugh Boy above mentioned in the 
text, had a son Hugh Boy, who had a son Owen, 
who seems to have been considered the head 
of the family in Mac Firbis's time. In 1612 
O'Heyne of Leydican was Conor Crone O'Heyne, 
who had a son, Brian. On the 20th of Febru- 
ary, 1612, he enfeoffed his son, Bryan O'Heyne, 
of and in his estates. This feoffment, the origi- 
nal of which is now before the Editor, runs as 
follows : 

" To all Chresten people to wliome these pre- 
sents shall come, Connor Crone Oheyn of the 
Ledigan, in the county of Galwey, gent, send 
greeting in our Lord God Euerlasting. Knowe 
yee that 1, the said Connor, for sundry good & 
lawfull considerations me moving, and in espe- 
ciall for and in the regard and consideration 
both of my ffatherly care and affection, as well 
toward my sonne, Bryan Oheyn, as toward the 



establishment, continnuance, and succession of 
myn inheritance and living in myn owne kin- 
dred and familly, and the better ensuring and 
'suportation of the same from ingerous chal- 
lenges, suits, and vexations therevnto to be at 
any time pretended, wherein the impotencie of 
age, and state and declining yeeres, disabling me 
to imploy the mindful! paines and travells 
therevnto behoofefull, the defence and vphold- 
ing of my said Inheritance in nature and right 
belonging vnto my said sonne, Bryan Oheyn, 
haue giyen, graunted, enffeoffed, and confirmed, 
like as be these presents, I doe give, graunt, 
enfeoffe, and confirme, vnto the said Bryan 
Ohein, the third parte of a cartron of Gorten- 
sliine, the fourth parte of a cartron in the tear- 
mon, commonly knowen by the name of Bally- 
moUfargie and Pollantlynte and haulfe a cartron 
in Corroboye, being of my proper inheritance, 
with all and singuler the meadowes, moores, 
pastures, bogges, woods, vnderwoods, waters, 
watercourses, fishings, heats, montaines, com- 
mones, gardens, houses, land arable and land 



1594.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1949 



The daughter of Mac-I-Brien Ara, Honora, daughter of Turlough, son of 
Murtough, son of Donnell, son of Teige, and wife of Pierce, son of Edmond 
an-Chaladh, son of Pierce Roe Butler, died. 

A great hosting was made by the Lord Justice ; and he proceeded uuper- 
ceived through the adjacent territories without any delay, until he arrived at 
Enniskillen ; and he encamped around, and laid siege to the fortress ; and the 
army proceeded to destroy its wall with the proper engines, and they never 
ceased until they finally took it. And the Lord Justice left warders in the 
castle, and then returned to his house. 

When Maguire heard that the Lord Justice had returned back, he assem- 
bled the greatest number of forces that he was able, and beleaguered the same 
castle, and dispatched messengers to O'Donnell (Hugh Roe), requesting him 
to come to his assistance. ThiS' request was promptly responded to by him 
[O'Donnell], for he went to join him with his forces ; and they laid siege to 
the fortress from the beginning of June to the middle of August [During this 
time] these forces plundered and laid waste all that was under the jurisdiction 



pasture, vnto them or any of them belonging, or 
in anywise appertaining ; to haue and to hoiild, 
occupie, enioy, and possess, all and euery the 
premisses, with their appurtenances, vnto the 
said Bryan Oheyn, his heires and Assignes, to 
his and their proper vse and vses for euer. And 
further knowe yee that I, the said Connor crone 
Oheyn, haue couenaunted' and agreed that my 
said Sonne, Bryan shall pay vnto me some rea- 
sonable rent yeerlie, during myn owne lyffe, out 
of the before-mentioned parcells, and after my 
dicease to be to the vse of him, the said Bryan, 
his heires and assigns, as aforesaid, for euer. And 
further knowe yee that I, the said Connor crone 
Oheyn, haue constituted, and appointed my 
welbeloued Teig Enurgish of the Rahine, my 
true and lawfuU Attourney, for me and in my 
name, to enter into all and euery the premisses, 
or into any one parte thereof in name of the 
whole, and thereof to take full and whole pos- 
session and seizen. And for me and in my 
name to deliver acctuall seizen and possession 



vnto the said Bryan Oheyn, according the effect 
of this present Deede. In witness whereof, I, 
the said Conor Crone Oheyn, have hereunto 
put my hand and seale, the 20 of February, 
1612. 

" CoNNOE Crone Oheyne, 
is marke & seale. 

" Being present when the within named Con- 
nor crone Ohein signed, sealed, and delivered 
this deede vnto the within named Bryen mac 
Connor Ohein, and as well to the within named 
attourney, Teig knurgish, those whose names 
doe follow : 

" John Bubke, 

is marke testis. 
Thomas Burke, 

is marke testis. 
Thomas Connoghin, 
testis." 

" Being present when the within named Teig 
Enurgish," &c. &c. 



1950 QNNaca Rio^hachca emeaNH. [1594. 

po pmacc jail 1 ccyiic oipjiall -] 1 mbpfipne uf paijillij co ccapDpac a mbu 
1 a nmnile a Ion ploij Dm narhpoib. 

baoi 6 Domnaill 1 ppoplonjpopc ace popbaipi pop imp ceiclenn 6 ropac 
lun CO mf Qujupc arhail acpubpamap 50 ccaipnic a Ion 00 caicfrh Do bapDo 
an baile ace mab bfcc. Ranjaccap ceacca Do paijib uf Domnaill 6 na 
halbanchaib po cocuip pium cuicce pia pin oia haipnfip Do co rcangaccap 
CO Doipe, 1 pobcap larc canjaccap an Du pin Dortinall 50pm mac Domnaill 
-[ mac leoiD na hapa. Do caoD laparh ua Domnaill Dia mompopccab co 
nuanhaD Dia ploj amaille ppip, -] po pdccaib Dpong mop ele Dib 05 TTldsuiDip 
Do consnam laip, "] po pupdil poppa aipipiom acc lompuibe an baile. 

lap ppiop peel Don lupcip (.1. Sip uillmm pir?uilliam) co mbaoap bapDa 
innpi ceiclenn InD eapbaiD loin 1 biD po popcongaip ap Dpoing rhoip Dpeapaib 
mibe, 1 ap uaiplib pajailleac -] bionjamac coiccij connacc (.1. im pfoippi occ 
mbionjam) cocc do bpCic loin 50 hinip cerlenn. Oo cocap na maice pin lapam 
a ccfnD a cele a ccoinne an loin co caban baile uf paijillij, -| po gabab leo 
lairh tCf le loc Gipne rpe pfpaib manac 50 panjaccap po cuaipim cficpe 
mile Don baile. 

Od cualaiD ITIajuiDip aoD Dail an cploij pin Do bfic jup an mbaile (lap 
na loincib pempaice) do coibpioe co na pocpaiDe bu&ein, "| jup an pocpaiDe 
po paccaib o Dorfinaill laip, -] im copbmac mac an bapuin .1. Deapbparaip an 
lapla uf neill 50 po jabpac aipipCm 1 nfnac epbalra lomcumang in po ba Doi^ 
leo a poccain pium Dm paijiD. Po ba copba an fDapnaije fpin, uaip pan- 
gaccap gan pdcuccaD Doib babein 1 ccfnD muincipe mejuiDip 05 bel ara 
painpfDhaijh. Ro pijfb lopjal ai griDe ainrcpennDa, -[ pccainofp cpoba com- 
napc fcoppa acciu -[ anall, co po ppaofneab po Deoib cpia nfpc lombualra 
Id TTlaguiDip CO na pocpaiDe pop an luce naile co po pdccbab dp cfnD laip, 1 
po boc occ Ifnrhain an mabma co cmn ap an maijfn pin. 6d Dfpim a ccop- 
cparap Do paopclanDaib 1 DaopclanDaib ip in lomaipeacc pin. T?o pdccbab 
eic, apm, -| eDala lomba an Dii pin Id caob na neac -) na ccapall bdcap po 
a neipebaib loin Do poccain co hinip ceclenn. Uepnacap pceolanja uaice 

' Ara, now Arran, an island lying to the east writes the name across the Isle of Skye, Glenelg, 

of Cantire in Scotland. General Stewart in his and other places. 

curious map of the antient Highland districts, = At the mouth of a certain ford, 05 bel ara 

in his Sketches, &c., of the Highlanders of Scot- painpfoaij. — See note "", under the year 1586, 

land, does not place Mac Leod on this island, but p. 1856; and note ^ under the year 1588, 



1594.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1951 

of the English in the territory of Oriel, and in Breifny O'Reilly ; and they gave 
their cows and flocks as provision stores to their soldiers. 

O'Donnell, as we have stated, was encamped, laying siege to Enniskillen, 
from the middle of June to the month of August, until the warders of the 
castle had consumed almost all their provisions. Messengers came to O'Don- 
nell from the Scots, whom he had before invited over, to inform him that they 
ha'd arrived at Derry. And those who had come thither were Donnell Gorm 
Mac Donnell, and Mac Leod of Ara^ O'Donnell then set out with a small 
number of his forces to hire them ; and he left another large party of them with 
Maguire to assist him, and lie ordered them to remain blockading the castle. 

When the Lord Justice, Sir William Fitzwilham, had received intelligence 
that the warders of Enniskillen were in want of stores and provisions, he 
ordered a great number of the men of Meath, and of the gentlemen of the Reillys 
and the Binghams of Connaught, under the conduct' of George Oge Bingham, to 
convey provisions to Enniskillen. These chieftains, having afterwards met 
together, went to Cavan, O'Reilly's town, for provisions ; and they proceeded 
through Fermanagh, keeping Lough Erne on the right, until they arrived within 
about four miles of the town. 

When Maguire (Hugh) received intelligence that these forces were marching 
towards the town with the aforesaid provisions, he set out with his own forces 
and the forces left him by O'Donnell, together with Cormac, the son of the 
Baron, i. e. the brother of the Earl O'Neill ; and they halted at a certain narrow 
pass, to which they thought they [the enemy] would come to them. The am- 
buscade was successful, for they came on, without noticing any thing, until they 
fell in with Maguire's people at the mouth of a certain ford*. A fierce and 
vehement conflict, and a spirited and hard-contested battle, was fought between 
both parties, till at length Maguire and his forces routed the others by dint of 
fighting, and a strages of heads was left to him ; and the rout was followed 
up a great way from that place. A countless number of nobles and plebeians 
fell in this conflict. Many steeds, weapons, and other spoils, were left behind 
in that place [by the defeated], besides the steeds and horses that were loaded 
with provisions, on their way to Enniskillen. A few fugitives of Meath and of 

p. 1866, supra. It was first written bel ara nu are cancelled, and painpfoaij interlined in the 
mfipleac do ponpab ; but the four last words handwriting of Michael O'Clery. 



1952 



aNNa?.a Rioghachca eiReawH. 



[1594. 



Dpeapaib mi6e "] do pajoilleacaib a\- an ccainopjail pin, ~[ ni po hanaD leo 
fibe 50 ]ianj5acrap 50 bpeipne ui Raijillij. ba y^ conaip do DeachaiD Seoippi 
occ biongam jup an uachaD ar pula laip ap an laraip pin cpia Ifpccain 
cloinne cobraij meg pampaDdm, cpm bpeipne uf puaipc, -] appiDe 50 pliccec. 
T?o claoclai'6f6 ainm pop an at 050 cruccaD an mop maiDm pin .1. bel ac na 
mbpiopccaD Do jaipm De p6 bdi^ an po paccbab Do bpiopccaib, -] do bfcc 
baipjfnaib oca an la pin. 

Or cualaccap aop cbirheDa an baile ppaofneab pop an ploij Do beaprpac 
on c'aiplen do TTla5iii6ip, "j do beapc pom mairfm nanacail Doib. 



' ReiUys The chief of theReillys, or O'Reil- 
lys, at this time was Sir John, the son of Hugh 
Conallagh O'Reilly. He died on the first of 
June, 1 596, when his brother, Philip O'Reilly, 
was set up by O'Neill as the O'Reilly, though 
not without strong opposition from Maelmora 
Breagh, the son and heir of Sir John, who was 
supported -by the English. 

" The Largan, a district in the barony of 

Tullyhaw, and county of Cavan See Chorq- 

graphical Description of lar- Connaught, p. 347. 

" Bel-atha-na-mBriosgadh, i. e. Mouth of the 
Ford of the Biscuits. It is translated : Os vadi 
biscoctorum panum, by P. OSullevan Beare. — 
Hist. Cathol., fol. 135. The site of this battle is 
still traditionally remembered, but the name is 
obsolete. The ford is on the River Arney, in 
the barony of Clanawley, under Drumane bridge, 
about five miles to the south of Enniskillen. 

" Defeat. — Cox says that news was brought 
to Dublin on the 11th of August, 1594, "that 
Cormock Mac Baron (Tyrone's brother), who 
besieged Iniskelling, had defeated the English, 
being 46 horse and 600 foot, under the conduct 
of Sir Edward Herbert and Sir Henry Duke." 
Philip O'Sullevan Beare gives the following 
circumstantial account of this rencounter in his 
Hiit. Cathol. Iter. Compend., tom. 3, lib. 2, 
c. xi. fol. 133, 134, 135: 

" In hoc rerum statu Iniskelliunse arcis pre- 
sidium ab Odonello circumsessum fame preme- 



batur. Ac filius quidem sorophte arcis proditor, 
qui in ea ab Anglis erat relictus, sus vorax 
esuriente ventre afl[lictus cum commilitonibus 
quinque noctu per lacum ILntre missus, quod 
regionum, et itinerum expertus erat, nuncia- 
tum, quanto in discrimine versaretur arx, & a 
Catholicis interceptus vna cum socijs multis 
vulneribus interficitur. Nihilominus Angli an- 
gustiarum arcis minime nescij suppetias ire 
festinant. Carnes salsa;, caseus, magna copia 
biscocti panis parairtur. Prsesidiarij milites 
euocantur : Ibernorum delectus habetur ; ex 
omnibus nuper conscriptis Ibernis, & Anglis 
praisidiarijs duo millia, & quingenti coguntur, 
quorum erant equites quadringenti. His im- 
perator pra;ficitur Henricus Dukus Anglus 
eques auratus Iphalia principatus praafectus, &• 
castrametator Fool etiam Anglus, de quorum 
consilio certior factus OdoneUus, legates ad 
Tironum mittit, Protestantes Iniskellinnse sub- 
sidio venire : id se vsque ad internecionem pro- 
hibiturum : quanto in periculo res sit sita, ma- 
nifestum esse, & ita Tironum a se pro hoste 
habendum nisi ipsi in tanto discrimine posito 
ferat auxiliuni. Qua legation© audita diuersis 
curis anxius Tironus distrahebatur, cum animo 
suo reputans Odonellum incerta spe Hispani 
auxilij gerere bellum, antequam Hispana signa 
in Ibernia videat ac ita rem Catholicorum in 
summo discrimine esse sitam, etiam si ipse ferat 
opem ; sin minus Catholicis opituletur, Protes- 



1594.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1953 



the Eeillys' escaped from this conflict, and never stopped until they arrived in 
J^reifny O'Reilly. The route taken by George Oge Bingham and the few who 
escaped with him from the field was through the Largan", [the territory] of the 
Clann-CofTey Magauran, through Breifny O'Rourke, and from thence to Sligo. 
The name of the ford at which this great victory was gained was changed to 
Bel-atha-na-mBriosgadh", from the number of biscuits and small cakes left there 
to the victors on that day. 

When the warders of the castle heard of the defeat" of the army, they sur- 
rendered the castle to Maguire ; and he gave them pardon and protection^. 



tantibtis tamen se esse suspectmn, & ita vtrisque 
fore hostem iudicatum. Aduentante vero Ee- 
ginse exercitu Cormakus Onellus Tironi frater 
cum equitibus centum, & bombardariis velitibus 
trecentis ed Odonellum in castra venit, missusne 
a Tirono, an suo ductu, minime satis omnibus 
constabat. Macguier, & Cormakus cum pedi- 
tibus mille ex Odonelli castris hosti obuiam 
eunt, vt ilium incursionibus prohibeant, som- 
noque, & quiete priuent, quominus strenue cum 
Odonello postea prselietur. Interim Dukus non 
longius tribus miHbus passuum sub vesperum 
consistit a Farnij fiuminis vado. Vbi tenebris 
primis a Macguiere, & Cormako missis Sclopistis 
densissima plumbearum pilularum vi improuiso 
obruitur : quos contra Dukus quoque bombar- 
darios suos mittit. Ita vtraque parte per noc- 
tum totam e minus prseliante, regij periculo, & 
bombardarum sonitu somno priuantiir. Postero 
die post lucis exortum Dukus ex vniverso exer- 
citu agmina tria' instruens equitum, & sclopera- 
riorum alis munita, quod impedimenta magna 
habebat, iumentorum quae commeatum baiula- 
bant, asinariorum, calonum, atque meretlricum, 
ea in duas partes diuidit, alteram inter primam, 
& secuadam aciem, & inter banc, & vltimam alte- 
ram coUocat. Quomodo instructus milites pra;- 
teritse noctis vigilia semisomnes e castris mouens 
a Catholicis continuo tela iacientibus gressum 
comprimcre sape compellitur, eosdem vicissim 
longius remouens. Ad horam diei vndecimam 



non longius bombardae iactu a Farnio vado venit. 
Vbi equites ad pedes descendere iubet, quod 
erat locus equestri prajlio minus idoneus. Hie 
Macguier, et Cormakus cum peditibus miUe totis 
viribus dimicant. Eorum bombardarij agmini 
primo fortius reluctantur, & vltimo non modo 
bombardarij, sed etiam hastati insistunt. Caste- 
rum primum agmen ferro viam aperiens, & bine 
inde Catholicos arcens vadum aggreditur. Inte- 
rim Catholici bombardarij, qui vltimum agmen 
impugnabant, Protestantium scloperariorum alas 
in agmen compellunt, illudque plumbeis glan- 
dibus continenter carpendo faciunt trepidare : 
ordinibusque iam laxatis incompositum Catho- 
lici hastati irruendo penitus'disturbant, & cum 
altera parte impedimentorum primum confun- 
dunt : deinde ad medium agmen compellunt. 
Hie medium agmen duplex certamen inibat, 
alterum componendo vltimum agmen, alterum 
Catliolicis resistendo : sed vtrumque Catholici 
vrgendo confundunt, & per alteram partem im- 
pedimentorum pellentes agmini primo miscent. 
Ita totus exercitus turbato, confusoque tumultu 
penetrat vadum, relicto commeatu, & omni im- 
pedimento, equis tantum seruatus, qui prjecipuse 
curse equitibus erant. Mox quid agendum sit, 
Dukus consultat. Georgius Binghamus lunior 
redeundum esse censet, ne post amissum com- 
meatum omnes inedia vincantur pari fato cum 
Iniskellinnae propugnatoribus, quibus opitulari 
non poterant. Contra castrametator Fool, quod 



11 Q 



1954 



aNHaf,a Rio^hachca emeaNH. 



[1595. 



Canaicc lupcip nua i nGpinn i mi lul na bliaDna po. Sip uilliam Ruppel 
a ainm pein. Qppea6 po cinnfb laip jac baile od mbaoi ippeilb na bmnpiojna 
1 nepinn Ion "] Idn pcopup do cop uiD Daimbeotn i mbaof ma ajhaib. T?o 
poccpab laip Oppeaaib mme, laijfn, murhan, -\ connacc coibecr 50 lionmap 
leprionoilre ina bocom co baile dra luain an peipeao Id Decc Do rhf Sep- 
rembep. In ecitiainj na pee pin cdnaicc an lupcfp amail po nngeall 50 
hdr luain, -| po apccna appaibe co pop comdin. 



aOlS CRIOSU, 1595. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceD, nocac, a cuicc. 

QpD lupcip na hepenn .1. Sip uilliam Ruppel Do cocc pop cappuinj 
Dpuinje Do comappanaib, "| do coibnfpaib piachac mic aoba, pop piachaiD 



nomen stultum significat, stulte reclamat, & ob- 
t.estatur, vt arci Reginse succurrant. Locus, in 
quo Protestans constiterat, humiditate impedi- 
tus erat, vbi equi in vliginem hausti vsui esse 
non poterant. Ideo/ a Catholicis inagis impune 
missilibus sauciatur. Ob hoc Fool alam sclope- 
rariorum contra Catholicos producit, vt eos re- 
nioueat, dum riirsus exercitus per ordines com- 
ponatur. Ca3terum cito csepto destitit tragula 
traiectus, & occisus. Quo totus Protestantium 
exercitus consternatus desertis etiam equis vllo 
sine, ordine, & imperio ad vadum quod ante 
paulo traiecerat, reuertitur. Quo prohibetur a 
Catholicis fulminatoribus, qui partim impedi- 
menta diripiebant, partim vadum obsldebant. 
Vnde dubius, quid potissimum consilij caperet, - 
ad aliud angustibus vadum, quod supra in flu- 
mine intra sagittse missum conspicatur, conci- 
tato cursu sese confert, & in illud prsBcipitat 
prius, quam fuit a Catholicis occupatum. Qua 
vero celeritate, & trepidatione penetrabat, & 
vadum erat altitudine, centum circiter milites 
subruuntur, quorum super corpora cseteri tran- 
seunt. Protestantem ex Ibernis pauci sequuntur, 
, quorum ille paucitatem spernens consistit pa- 
rumper, dum Dukns Anglici exercitus impe- 



rator cum alijs cohortium ducibus armis, & 
vestibus praeter subuculam exuitur. Quibus 
tamen exutis non satis leuatus, nee aptus cur- 
rendo inter quatuor Ibernos milites ex suis 
trahitur. Fugientes & pauidos Catholici ex 
manibus dimiserunt, diripiendis impedimeutis 
animum intendentes. Nam pauci qui vltra va- 
dum fuerunt secuti, statim rediuerunt. Ob 
quod ex Protestantibus Anglis, & Catholicis 
Ibernis, qui cum illis stipendium merebant, 
pauci supra quadringentos flumine, ferroque 
perierunt. Equi, magna strues armorum, com- 
meatus, & omnia impedimenta capta sunt. Inter 
quffi vis biscoctorum panum iugens in ipso vado 
strata loco nouum nomen indidit. Exercitus re- 
gij fusi, & fugati diuulgato nuncio Iniskellinna 
arx ab Odonello circumsessa in deditionem venit, 
propugnatoribus ex pacto dimissis, & Macguier 
est in integrum restitutus. 

" Macsuinnius Tuethius vuus ex authoribns 
belli, qui obsidioni interfuit, breui post receptam 
arcem nature cedens triste sui desiderium Ca- 
tholicis reliquit : in cuius locum suffectus est 
Melmurius Macsuinnius Mauri Lenti filius an- 
tecessori constantia minime par, vt inferiiis 
apparebit. Obsidione soluta Odonellus memor 



1595] 



' ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1955 



A new Lord Justice came to Ireland in the month of July of this year. Sir 
William Russell* was his name. He formed a resolution that provisions and 
stores should be put into every town in the Queen's possession in Ireland, in 
despite of all those who were opposed to him. He issued a proclamation to 
the inhabitants of Meath, Leinster, Munster, and Connaught, ordering them to 
meet him at Athlone, with all their forces assembled, on the 16 th of September. 
The Lord Justice accordingly went to Athlone at that time, and proceeded 
from thence to Roscommon. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1595. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred ninety five. 

The Chief Justiciary of Ireland, Sir William Russell, marched to Baile-na- 
Cuirre' in the month of January, against Fiagh, the son of Hugh [O'Byrne], at 



truculentijB, qua fceminas, senes, & infantes ex 
Iniskellinnae ponte Angli praecipitauerant, ctun 
omnibus copiis Connachtam, quam Richardus 
Binghamus hseretica tyrranide oppressam tene- 
bat, inuadit : incursionibus longe, lateque factis 
Anglos colonos, & inquilinos diripit, fugat, oc- 
cidit, viro nulli a decimo quinto- an^o vsque ad 
sexagesimum nato, qui Ibemice loqui nesciebat, 
parcens. In Inalia Lomphortum pagum, quern 
opherali ademptum Brunus Anglus Hsereti- 
cus possidebat, accendit. Pro'testantium prseda 
Onustus in Tirconellam redit. Ea inuasione in 
Connachta nullus agricola, nullus inquilinus, 
nullus omnino Anglus mansit prseter eos, qui 
arcium, & munitorum oppidorum msenibus de- 
fendebantur. Nam qui igne, & ferro consumpti 
non sunt, bonis spoliati in Angliam secesserunt, 
illos, per quos in Iberniam deducti sunt, diris 
obsecrationibus prosequentes." — Cap. xL 

' Pardon and protection. — O'SuUevan seems 
to have been misinformed on this subject. On 
his authority Leland asserts that the garrison 
were butchered by the Irish ; and he add* : 

•' In all the barbarous triumph of incensed 
conquerors they pierced into Connaught, and 

11 



committed the most afflicting outrages in all 
the well-aiFected quarters ; besieged the English 
fort of Belleek ; cut off a detachment sent to its 
relief ; and practised their usual barbarity on 
the garrison, when famine had compelled them 
to surrender. To complete his triumph, O'Don- 
nel was enabled to establish one of the degene- 
rate De Burghos, his associate, chieftain of the 
district, by the name of the Mac William : while 
Bingham, the Queen's -Lord President of Con- 
naught, was totally destitute of such a military 
force as might enable him to exert his usual 
vigor against such outrages." — Book iv. c. 4. 

" Sir William Itussell. — He was the youngest 
son of Francis, Earl of Bedford. He landed at 
Howth on the 31st of January, 1594, and went 
the next day to Dublin, but refused to accept 
of the sword till the Council had first given 
him in writing, under their hand, an account of 
thte disturbed state of the kingdom ; which 
being done, he was sworn on Sunday, the 1 1 th 
of August, with great solemnity. — See Cox's 
Hibernia Anglicana, vol. i. p. 403. 

" Baile-na-Cuirre, now Ballinacor, in Glen- 
malure, in the baroi;ty of South Ballinacor, and 

q2 



if^ awwa^a Rio^hachca eiReoHN. [1595. 

buDein co baile na cuippehi mf lanuapii do y'onpaD. lap nool Doib 1 ccomh- 
poccup Don baile pid piu painicc leo Dol cap oopup an Dunclaib baof ma 
ciincell po clop co ceccrhaipeac puaim opoma 6 na poi jDiiiipib ace Dol do 
paiccib an baile. 6f6ccaip piacha co na muincip, "] ac pajac co hobann, 1 
po cuip Dpong Dia muincip Diomcopnaifi an Dopaip co po cuip a muincip uile 
pfpaib, macaib, mndib cpe Doippib elaiD an baile amac, -] Do 6eachai6 pfin 
ina Ifnmain co puce laip ina niomlaine mcc po Diampaib, 1 po Dpoibelaib pa 
maijm pop innill laip. 

lap mb'eic Dpiacham pop a lomjabail cainic ina cfno uacep piabac mac 
jeapailcmic comaip Dojeapalcacaibcille Dapa. Oala an lupcip bai pibeco 
cfno Deic let 1 mbaile na cuippe lap nd pdccbdil Dpiachaib, "| popajaib banoa 
no 60 Do paijDiuipib agd lomcoimecc ~\ cicc pfin cap a aip co hdc cliar. 

Oo 6616 Dna uacep piabac -| apaill Do cloinn piachac mic ao6a ap lonn- 
pai^iD oibce (m lonam coDolca) po cfno coicc Id noecc lap pin co cpuimjlmn 
I noopap aca cliach. Ro loipcceaD "| po leippccpiopaD an baile pin leo, "| 
puccpac ma nibaoi ma ccumanj Diomcap Don cfno luaiDe boi pop cfmpall 
an baile, -\ jep bo poilleip popaipccpiona luipne "] lappaca an baile agd 
lopccaD Do ppdioib dfa cliac do c6i6 uacep ap jan puiliuccaD gaa poip- 
bfpccaD paip. 

Q ccionn mfp lap pin cucc uacep ammap pop baile Duine uapail Dia 
fpccaipDib bai ma corhpocpaib,"] jib e an Dume uapal baof piDe co pfirrheac 
puipeacaip 1 ppoicill a lonopaijce Dia eapccaipDib. Ctn can Do cuaiD udcep 
CO na muincip pon mbaile po lonnpaij^ an Duine uapal co cpoDa cailcc nfirh- 
neac i ccoinne uaceip co po cuaipccpioc a cele co hainrhm fpccaipofrhail 
co po cpeccnaijfD uacep ina coip Don ctip pin. Ruccpac a mumcip leo he 
gup an pliab bd coimnfpa Doib, "] po cuippioc Dia ICij^p e hi ppocoll caiman 
ap ndp beolac aon cpiap iDip. Ni'p pdccaibpioc ina pocaip ace aon buacaiU 
Ifja Dia pfop canupib bubein no cfijfb pibe jac pe Id Do cionol luibfnD p6 
na coillcib bd coirhnrpa bo. Oo pala lomacallam op fpiol ecip 6 -\ Dpong 
DfpccaipDib uaceip 50 po ndibmpioc pe poile,-] po cappainj pibe lion cfngail 

county of Wicklow. In the Leabhar Branaeh, the weir or dam. 

or Book of the O'Byrnes, in the Library of Tri- *> Vhrough the postern-doors, literally, " the 

nity College, Dublin, H. 1. 15, the name is escaping doors." 

written batle na coppu, which means, town of « Cruimghlinn, i. e. the crooked glen or valley. 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OP IRP:LAND.. 1957 

the instance of Fiagh's neighbours and acquaintances. Upon their arrival in 
the neighbourhood of the castle, but before they had passed through the gate 
of the rampart that surrounded it, the sound of a drum was accidentally heard 
from the soldiers who were going to the castle. Fiagh, with his people, took 
the alarm ; and he rose up suddenly, and sent a party of his people to defend 
the gate ; and he sent all his people, men, boys, and women, out through 
the postern-doors'" of the castle, and he himself followed them, and conveyed 
them all in safety to the wilds and recesses, where he considered them 
secure. 

Wtiile Flagyl was [thus] avoiding [his enemies], Walter Reagh, the son of 
Gerald, son of Thomas, one of the Geraldines of Kildare, came to join him. As 
for the Lord Justice, he remained for ten days at Balliuacor, after it had been 
deserted by Fiagh ; and, having left one or two companies of soldiers to' defend 
it, he himself returned to Dublin. 

Fifteen days after this, Walter Reagh and some of the sons of Fiagh, the son 
of Hugh, set out upon a nocturnal excursion (in sleeping time) to Cruimghlinn', 
near the gate of Dublin. They burned and totally plundered that town [bally], 
and took away as much as they were able to carry of the leaden roof of the 
church of the town ; and though the blaze and flames of the burning town were 
plainly visible in the streets of Dublin, Walter escaped without wound or 
bloodshed. 

In a month after this, Walter made an attack on a neighbouring castle, 
belonging to a gentleman of his enemies. But the gentleman was wary and 
vigilant, in readiness against any attack of his enemies. When Walter and his 
people attacked the castle, the gentleman came to a bold and fierce combat with 
Walter ; and they struck at each other furiously and inimically, and Walter 
was wounded in the leg. His people carried him oiF to the nearest mountain, 
and they placed him under cure in a subterranean cave, with the situation of 
which no three persons were acquainted. They left with him only one young 
physician of his own faithful people, who was wont to go every second day to 
the nearest woods to gather herbs. A conversation privately occurred between 
this man and a party of Walter's enemies ; and he, having leagued with them, 

r 

now Crumlin, or Cromlin, near Dolphin's Barn. Gate, which was then tlie outermost of the gates 
It is at least two Irish miles from St. James's of Dublin. 



1958 



aNNQca Rio^hachra eiReawN. 



[1595. 



imcfip ina cfno. Rugan uaceyi laparh 50 har clmr, po cpochab cpa, 1 00 
jionab cffparhna ne. 

Coicceab ula6 uile Deipje in aon pann, -] in aon aonra in ajhaiD ^all an 
bliabam pi. 

SloicceaD Id clanoaib neill hi mi pebpa 1 nouchaij bapuin plaine co ndp 
pdjBaccap arriiaofn Dia nfip ip na ci'pib pin oapbap no odinuccab DinDilib ■ 
no odipnfip. 

Slumcceab ele Id clanoaib neill co cfnanoup co po miUeab, "] co po niop- 
aipccfo an cfp ma niliprimcell leo. 

Sloicceab Id TTIdgnibip aob mac conconnacc mic conconnacc -| Id TTlag- 
margarTina bpian mac aona oicc, mic aoba, mic pfain buibe co bpeipne 
ui Raijillij. l?o hinopab, 1 po haipccfo an ci'p co nnneapnac leo, -| ona 
beop ni po pdccaibpioc bor nac 1 noionpaibe oiap no cpiup Don caban uile gan 
poplopccab cenmoca mainipCip an cabdin ina mbacrap 501II an can pin. 



* Hanged and quartei-ed.-^Thn following ac- 
count of the adventures and fate of this Walter 
is given by P. O'SuUevan Beare, in his Hist. 
Cathol. Ihei-n. Compend., torn. 3, lib. 2, c. ix. 
fol. 131: 

" Eursus Lagenionim parui tumultus reno- 
uantur, quibus ansam prsebuit Petrus Giral- 
diaus Haereticus. Is ob inhumanam crudelita- 
tem iustiti% minister ab Anglis creatus non 
modo viros, sed etiam fsminas, & infantes (ea 
erat truculentia) morte plectebat. Praecipua 
quadam libidine Vateri Giraldini Fusci sangui- 
nem appetebat. Eius pagum Gloranem cum 
sicariorum manipulo repente inuasit, sed frustra, 
nam tum Fuscus aberat, & eius vxor, quse in- 
tererat, fuga salutem petiuit. Haud diu post 
Fuscus cum Terentio, Felmio, & Eaymundo 
Obruinibus Fiachi filijs affinibus suis, equitibus 
duodecim, & peditibus fere centum Petri castel- 
lum improuiso aggreditur. Foribus primum, 
inde reliquo eastello igne iniecto ilium cum fa- 
milia comburit. Interim Angli accolje cum 
equitum turma, & peditibus aliquot Fuscum 
circumueniunt, in quos ille faciens impetum 



paucos vulneribus afficit, omnes in fugam vertit. 
Hinc Fuscus, & cum filijs Fiachus hostes indi- 
cati diligenter, & acriter ab Anglis impetuntur. 
Fuscus in municipio suo Glorane a Protestan- 
tibus, & Ibernis auxiliaribus, maxune Buttleris 
improuiso circumdatus sese cum paucis armatis 
in paruum munimentum, quod repentinos casus 
timens, vallo, fossaque obduxerat, recepit. Istud 
hostes oppugnant ; ille propugnare conatur. 
Hostium 'multitudine -vTidiq : aggrediente Fusci 
frater Giraldus fortissime pra^lians plumbea 
glande confoditur : Casteri plerumque vulneribus 
afficiuntur. Fuscus, quod, & munimentum diu- 
tius tueri nequiuit, & commeatu carebat, per 
medios confertissimos hostes erumpens -cum 
paucis euasit. Tempore minime longo transacto 
cum vespertino crepusculo per pagos milites ' 
distribueret, ipse cum comitibus duobus domum 
a cseteris dissitam ingressus hostium milites 
sexdecim offendit. Strictis vtrinque gladijs regij 
quinque grauiter vulnerantur; alter ex duobus 
Fusci mUitibus occiditur: ipse mallei ictu fracto 
pene femore sternitur. Ducem humi iacentem 
alter comes, qui Georgius Omorra vocabatur 



1595.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1959 



[betrayed Walter], and led a party to where he was, who bound him. Walter 
was afterwards taken to Dublin, where he was hanged and quartered". 

The entire province of Ulster rose up in one alliance and one union against 
the English this year. 

An army was led by the O'Neills, in the month of February in this year, 
into the country of the Baron of Slane, and left no property after them in those 
districts, of corn, dwellings, flocks, or herds. 

Another army was led by the O'Neills to Kells, and they spoiled and totally 
ravaged the whole country around. 

An army was led by Maguire (Hugh, the son of Cuconnaught, son of Cu- 
connaught, son of Cuconnaught), and by Mac Mahon (Brian, the son of Hugh 
Oge, son of John Boy), into Breifny O'Reilly, and they quickly plundered and 
ravaged that country ; and they left not a cabin in which two or three might 
be sheltered in all Cavan which they did not burn, except the monastery of 
Cavan, in which English [soldiers] were' at that time. 



tollens, humeris impositus hostium mauibum 
eripere molitur fugiendo ad comilitones qui in 
proximo pago diuersabantur. Quoties insec- 
tantium cursu superabatur, toties Fuscum humi 
relinquens Btricto ferro cum quatuor, aut quin- 
que certabat, quibus in fugam versis, ilium ite- 
rum sublatum, quam concitatissimo poterat 
cursu portabat, donee socij auxilio acourrerint. 
A quibus Fuscus absconditus cum curaretur, a 
custode 8UO ab Anglis deprehenso capitis timore 
proditur, & Dubhlinnam delatus ferreo veru 
longo, & acutissimo infixus perimitur. Post 
Fusci necem Fiachus cum regijs copijs quater 
signa prospere contulisse. Sub quam victoria- 
rum prosperitatem fortuna ininime diu Catho- 
licis secunda vertit alteram paginam, Terentius 
Obruin trium filiorum, FiacM natu simul, & 
virtute maximus, quod Anglis patrem prodere 
constituent, insimulatur. Fiachus id eo facilius 
credidit, quod monitus fertur a Rosa Nituehile 
vxore sua Terentij nouerca quae Dubhlinnffi ab 
Anglis custodia tenebatur, nimium ne mariti 
vita? timente, an Protestantiura arte, & falla- 



cia decepta, incertum. Ergo Terentio depre- 
henso, quia paternus, inquit Fiachus, amor me 
non sinit digna psena perfidiam tuam vlcisci, 
his te tradam, quibus tu me eras proditurus, vt 
sicut patemam pietatem es expertus, ita hostilis 
humanitatis facias periculum. Terentius Dubh- 
linnam vinctus delatus non modo se falsocrimine 
purgauit, sed totam familiam longe honorificen- 
tissima morte cohonestauit : nam ssepe ab Anglis 
rogatus, & prsemijs inuitatus, vt regiae sectse 
subscriberet, maluit Catholicam Christi lesu 
legem confitens acerbo supplicio mori, quam 
negans viuere, patri praecipue triste sui deside- 
rium relinquens, qui breui qnoque quodam, 
quern fidissimum habebat, prodente, & hostes 
ducente cum paucis famUiaribus regiorum mul- 
titudine circumuentus capite truncatur. Nee 
ob id tamen eius filij Telmius, & Raymundus 
arma a mora omiserunt." 

' In which English were. — Ina mbaccap goiU. 
This should be: ina mbaccap bapoa o jallaiB, 
" in which an English garrison was then sta- 
tioned." 



196() awMata Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1535. 

TTlaccon mac concoxcpiche nnc oia]iTYiaca mic caibg caimm ui clei]ii5h 
ollamh uf Domhnaill hi f fnchap, Saof poipccrhe, fpjna, ealabanca hi ffn- 
cbap,l I noan, poeplabpaiD poingre co mbuaib riinripgni, riaicfif5 "] rifplabjia, 
pfp cpaiboeach caonDucpachcach oiaba oepfpcac i)o ecc i Ificip maolain i 
rcuaomurhain. 

Sip Seon nopaip jenepal coccaiD na bampiojna Do cecr i nGpinn occ cceo 
oecc paijDiuip i noeipeab mi pebpu do copcc coccaD ullcac, -\ connaccac. 

SloicceaD Id hua nDorrinaill QoD pua6 do DoI i cconnaccoib. Qppfb Do 
luiD cerup cap eipne (an cpfp la Don tnapca do ponpab) laim beap ppi loc 
melje mic cobcaij, 50 bealac uf michibein, -] aipipip bipuibe in abai^ pin 
cpep an mbpeipne gobpaiDpliab, -) Dopoine comnaibe an oDbaij pin annpaibe. 
Nip bo pobaing Doporh ell no baojal Dpaccbdil pop coicceab olneccmacc an 
lonbaib pin, ap po baccap 501II ino lonaccacr, "] in aiccpebaib ipin ccpic co 
coiccionn,i 50 ponpabac ma popcaib aipfcaip,-] ina Dunapupaib Diocojlaijib. 
6af cecup Sip RipoepD bingam jobepnoip coiccib connacc 1 Ropp coinr'nn, 
Dponj mop ele do jallaib 1 mainipcip manac pil pop bpu biiille, Dpong ele 
hi ccuiUpcce in eiccipmfbon. maije hai ppi pair cpuachan ano;p ccuair. 
Opong ipin bpopc nua (Dun po claibpioc na 501II babein) ecip loc ce, ~\ loc 
napbac. Opong 1 mbaile an rnocaij, 1 Dponj mop ele hi plicceach. Rainicc 
piop Sccel jup an njobepnoip co pop coniam 50 mbaoi 6 Dorhnaill ace rpiall 
Don cip, 1 nf po hanab laippibe co piacc 50 mainipcip na buille, ") po pop- 
con^pab laip pop a mbaoi do jallaib ip na bailcib perhpaice ceacc Dia 
paiccib an Du pm, uaip bd Doij laip comb fpm conaip no cinjpeab 6 Domnaill 
CO na plojaib. 

Qcc Dol Dua Domnaill 50 coillcib concobaip po popdil pop a pocpaiDe 
aipipfm ppi a ninneall -j ppi a ccaipbenab. Oo ponab paip piurh pin, "[ nip 
bo habbal an lion baf hipuibe uaip noca paibe aec cficpe ceo nama ppi 

f Erudite. — " poipjci .1. ceajaipjce." — year 1455, p. 994, «<pra. This lake is said to 

O'Clery. have derived its name from Melge Molbhthach, 

' Leitir-Maelain, now Lettermoylan, a subdi- the son qf Cobhthach, Monarch of Ireland, A. M. 

vision of the townland of Glangee, in the parish 3696 — See O'Flaherty's Ogi/gia, part iii. c. 39- 

of Dysart-O'Dea, barony of Inchiquin,^ and ' Ballaghmeehin. — This is the name of a Eoman 

county of Clare. Catholic parish forming the eastern portion of 

•■ The lake of Melge, the son of CoblUhach, now the parish of Rossinver, barony of Eossclogher, 

Anglice Lough Melvin — See note ", under the and county of Leitrim. — See this place already 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1961 

Maccon, the son of Cucogry, son of Dermot, son of Teige Cam O'Cler}-, 
Ollav to O'Donnell in history, an erudite*^ and ingenious man, professed in 
history and poetry ; a fluent orator, with the gift of elocution, address, and 
eloquence ; a pious, devout, religious, and charitable man, died atLeitir-Maelain*, 
in Thomond. 

At the end of the month of February Sir John Norris, the Queen's general, 
came to Ireland with a force of eighteen hundred soldiers, to suppress the war 
in Ulster and Connaught. 

A hosting was made by O'Donnell (Hugh Eoe), to march into Connaught. 
He first crossed the Erne, on the third day of March, and moved on, keeping 
the lake of Melge, the son of Cobhthach", on his right, until he arrived at 
Ballaghmeehin', where he stopped that night. He then proceeded on through 
Breifny, until he came to Braid-Shliabh", where he stopped for one night. It 
was difiicult for him at that time to get an advantage of or surprise the province 
of Olnegmacht', because the English held their abode and residence throughout 
the country in general, and especially in its chief towns and impregnable for- 
tresses. In the first place. Sir Richard Bingham, the Governor of the province 
of Connaught, was [stationed] at Roscommon ; another large party of the 
English [was stationed] in a monastery which is [situated] on the bank of the 
Boyle ; another in Tulsk, in the very centre of Moy-Ai, to the north-east of 
Rathcroghan ; another in the fort, a fortress erected by the English themselves 
between Lough Key and Lough Arrow ; another at Ballymote ; and a great 
party at Sligo. News having reached the Governor at Roscommon, that O'Don- 
nell was on his march into the country, he made no delay until he arrived at 
the "monastery of Boyle, and ordered all the English of the towns above men- 
tioned to come to him at that place, for he thought that it should be by that 
way that O'Donnell would pass with his forces. 

O'Donnell, on his way to Coillte-Chonchobhair", ordered his troops to halt, 
to be drawn out in array, and reviewed. This they accordingly did, and the 
number he had there was not great, being only four hundred men fit for valour 

referred to at the years 1439 and 1480. of the province of Connaught, and theNagnatse 

' Braid- Shliahh, now Braulieve. — See note ', of Ptolemy is probably an attempt at writing it. 

under the year 1586, p. 1581, supra. ■" Coillte-Chonchohhair, a woody district "in the 

' Olnegvwcht — This is the most ancient name north-east of the barony of Boyle, and county 

11 R 



1962 aNNaf.a Rio^hachca eiReawH. , [1595. 

hfnjnam ■) ppi bu]ipclai5i Doi^ ni oeacacaji ploij ele ina coicfpcal an 
can pn mge cenel cconaill, accmab nachao Do coicceaD olnecmacc bacap 
ace caifcelaD, 1 ace pet»ucca6 conaipe Do, im concobap oec mac Diapma.Da, 
-| im conn .mac an Dubalrai^, mic cuacail ui concoBaip. C^iajaic an ploj 
lapam lap na rcaipbenaoh 50 panjaccap Don buill, "| ciajaic faippi ace 
npoicfc cnuic an biocapa i nupropac oi6ce, appai&e Doib cpe moij luipcc, -\ 
cpe moij naoi co piaccaccap la DobappoiUpi na maiDne eo pdic cpuacan. 
T?o leicceaD pceaoileoD "j pccanpaD Da pecemelcacaib aitiail po )i:fccaipcc 
piumh Doib pe ccocc an Du pin. 6a paippmj poiplfcan po Ifrpac na laoc 
buibne 6 paile, ap Do cuaiD Dponj Diob Do buchaij uf concobaip puaib -] 
uf amliji, cuiD ele 50 Dpoicec beoil ara moba pop puca, "] Dpeam ele beop 
cap an ccaiplen piabac piap. T?o bab lop do biclfic an cploij fpin an Dluim- 
ceo Diab 1 Dfchaije po Ifc o na poploipcenb in jac aipm po jabpac an 
plocch Da gac lee 1 nuipcimceall para cpuacan. Uanjacap an luce Do coib 
50 hac moba, "| an poipfnD ele Do cuaib 50 haipceac -] 50 cloinn cficeapnaij 
pia mibmfbon laof 50 paic cpuacan, jep bo Dicumainj Doibh coibeacc mellma 
Id haiDble a ccpeac, -] a neDala, -j po jeboaip nf bab m6 Dia mbfic ina 
ccurhanj a njluapacc no a niomctin iccip. Do coib lapam 6 DorhnaiU, -| an 
luce pit) CO na ccpeachaib 50 hailpmD, -] baf achaib annpaibe ace pupnaibe 
an pccerhelca do cuaib uaba 50 Duchaij uf concobaip puaib 1 uf amliji. 
Ro apccna laparh a hailpinD laimbfp le hac plipfn co huib bpium. Qipipip 
ann an aDhaij pin co po rionoilpioc a ttiuincip uile ma bocom co na ccpeacaib 
leo. Ni po cionoileab Id haoinneac do ^aoibealaib pe pe cian Daimpip 
parhail ina mbaoi do cpob (oaipcccib aen laoi) an Du pin. 

Ro popcongaip ua Dorhnaill ap a bapac ap a rhuincip a cepeaca Do cop 
cap pionamn, -\ po paoib a jlaplair,-) gac aon ndp bo cualaing apm Dimbipc 

of Roscommon — See note **, under the year Mogha, now anglice Ballimoe, the name of a 

1471, p. 1071, supra. ford, bridge, and village on the Kiver Suck, on 

" Cnoc-an-Bhiocara, i. e. hill of the vicar, now the borders of the counties of Roscommon and 

Knodkvicar Bridge, on the River Boyle, about Galway. 

five miles to the north-east of the town of Boyle, '" Catslen-riabhach, now Castlerea, a small 

in the parish of Ardcarne, barony of Boyle, and town in the west of the county of Roscommon, 

county of Roscommon — See the Ordnance map — See note ", under the year 1489, p. 1168, 

of that county, sheet 6. supra. 

" Bd-atha-Moqha, i. e. mouth of the ford of i Airteach This is still the name of a dis- 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1963 

and action ; for no other forces joined his muster besides the Kinel-Connell, 
except a few from the province of Ghiegmacht, who acted as spies and guides 
in pointing out the way to him, under the conduct of Conor Oge Mac Dermot, 
and Con, the son of Dubhaltach, son of Tuathal O'Conor. This host, after 
ha\ing been reviewed, marched on until they arrived at the Eiver Boyle, and 
crossed it at the bridge of Cnoc-an-Bhiocara° early in the evening. From thence ' 
they proceeded through Moylurg and Moy-Nai, and next morning, by break of 
day, arrived at Rathcroghan. Here, as he [O'Donnell] had instructed them 
before they arrived at that place, marauding parties were detached and sent 
forth ; far and wide did these heroic bands disperse from each other, for one 
party of them proceeded to the country of O'Conor Roe and O'Hanly, another 
to the bridge of Bel-atha-Mogha°, on the River Suck, and a third party west- 
wards, beyond Caislen-riabhach''. The dense cloud of vapour and smoke which 
spread in every place where these forces passed, all around Rathcroghan, was 
enough to conceal their numbers. The party that had gone to Ath-Mogha 
[Ballimoe], and those who had gone to Airteach'' and Clann-Keherny', returned 
to Rathcroghan before mid-day,, though it was difficult for "them to return in 
regular order, by reason of the immensity of their preys and spoils ; and they 
could have procured more, if they had been but able to carry or drive them. 
O'Donnell and these went on with their preys to Elphin, and remained there 
for some time, awaiting the party who had gone to the country of O'Conor Roe 
and O'Hanly. He afterwards proceeded on from Elphin, keeping Ath-slisean' 
on the right, until he arrived in Hy-Briuin, where he remained that night, 
until all his people had come to him with their spoils. None of the Irish had 
for a long time before collected (by one day's plundering) so much booty as he 
had there. 

On the next day O'Donnell ordered his people to convey their preys across ' 
the Shannon ; and he sent his recruits, and all those unfit to wield arms, with 

trict in the modern barony of Frenchpark, in O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c, 46. It is chiefly 

the cownty of Roscommon. — See its exact limits • comprised in the parish of Kilkeevin. 

pointed out in note', under the year 1297, ' ^M-ASfceara, now Bellaslishen Bridge, on the 

pp. 468, 469, supra. road leading from Elphin to Strokestown, in 

■■ Clann-Keherny — This is still the name of the county of Roscommon, and about a mile to 

a district in tlie modern barony of Castlerea, in the south of the former. — See note ', under the 

the west of the county of Roscommon. — See year 1288, p. 446, supra. 

11 r2 



1964 aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReaNW. [1595. 

lap na cpeacaib 1 lap na heoalaib co muincip eolaip. Qn can bdccap 
oeipeab an cploij ace cecc rap an ar ceDra ap ano do pmccaccap glaplair 
-| aop Diubpaicn na njall,-] 00 bfpacc Deabaib Dm poile co po cpeccnai^icc 
1 50 po gonaicc Dponga fcoppa. Ctp a aof do Deacacrap cenel cconaiU 
capp an abainn,-) Do corcap Dia ccigib co na neDcilaib lap mbuaiD "] copgap. 

SloiccheaD ele la hua nDorhnaill (ao6 puab) 1 cconnaccaib an coccmab 
Id oecc DO rhi appil. bappfb a cceona hui6e cap eipne lam Dfp le loc melje 
CO TTibaccap in aohaij pin i-T?op inbip. Uiajaic ap a bapac co cill peapga,-] 
aipipicc annpaibe ppi Deipeab a p^oij do bpfic poppa, -| mp poccain Doib 
locap laparb rpep an mbpeipne co bpaiopliab appaiDe co niacaipe connacc, 
■] a nDeachaiD ua6 gan cpeachab ap an pluaicceab poirhe po cfcclamab a 
ccpeaca cuicce 50 haon maijin Don cup pin. Oo coib laparh jiip na baipcc- 
nbh 1 jup na heoalaiB pin laip 50 liacDpuim mumope heolaip an abai^ 
pin. 

Qn can bd Doij Id a eapccaipDib eipiorh Do poab cap a aip 1 nulcaib ni 
hfb pin DO poine icip, ace po paib ceacca 50 hmclfire do paijib meguibiii 
Qoba CO cciopab ina bocotn Don anjaile, 1 po Id luce caipcelca poime pop 
an ccpic, 1 po popconjaip poppa co ccfopcaip ina bocom i nionoD epbalca. 
Ro appccna pfippin laparh co caof cdirfnac co pamicc co na plojaib an Da 
anjaile ipin moicDeaboil (Duchaig an Da ua pfpjail inDpin cib pia piu po 
bdcap 501II ace popcamluccab poppa) "] pobaoi aon do na jallaib pabfin hi 
bpopc aipfcaip uf pfpjail .1. cpiopcoip bpun a coriiainm. Pangaccap pipre 
pdppluaij ui borhnaill -] mejuibip 6 pliab caipppe co hficne co po cuippioc 
jac ni gup a pangaccap do na cipib pin po cpoimnell ceineab, 1 po pmuic 
ceo bobapba Duibciac. T?o jabab leo an longpopc, uaip po cuippioc cene 
jaca plfpa ."| gaca haipcmn oe jup ab Id ceicc pepfb cuccpac cpiopcoip 
bpun CO na clmrriain, -\ co na mnaib apaon amac. T?o loipcceab Dna ciiicc pip 
Decc DobpaijDib an cipe (bdccap illaim ace an ccpiopcoip p.eTTipaice) nd po 
cuimjfb Danacal no Do cfpapccain la cpfcan, -] Id cfnodlDacc na ceineab. 

' Ros-inhhir, now Rossinver, a townland and haire, aud county of Leitrim. 
parish in the barony of Dartry, and county of "^ Sliahh-Cairhre, now ara^rZzce Slieve Carbry, a 

Leitrim. mountainous district in the ancient territory of 

" CiU-Fhearga, i. e. the church of St. Fearga, Cairbre Gabhra, now the barony of Granard, in 

now Killarga, a parish in the barony of Droma- the north of the county of Lpngford. — See note "=, 



1.595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OP IRELAND. 1965 

the preys and spoils, into Muintir-Eolais. When the rear of the army was 
crossing the ford, they were overtaken .by the recruits and musketeers of the 
English ; and a battle ensued, in which many were hurt and mortally wounded 
on both sides. The Kinel-Connell, however, crossed the river, and carried off 
their spoils, after triumph. 

Another hosting was made by O'Donnell (Hugh Roe) into Connauglit, on 
the eighteenth day of the month of April. He first crossed the Erne, and 
marched on, keeping Lough Melvin on the right, until he arrived at Ros-inbhir', 
where he stopped for that night. From thence he went to Cill-Fhearga", where 
he waited for the coming up of the rear of his army. Upon their arrival they 
l)roceeded through Breifny to Braid- Shliabh, and from thence into Machaire- 
Chonnacht ; and such part of it as had escaped being plundered on the former 
expedition was plundered now ; and they collected the preys together to him. 
After this he proceeded onward with these preys and spoils, and arrived the 
same nidit in Leitrim in Muintir-Eolais. 

Now his enemies thought that he would return into Ulster ; this, however, 
he did not do, but privately dispatched messengers to Maguire (Hugh), [re- 
questing] that he would come to him in Annaly ; and he sent spies before him 
through the country, and ordered them to meet him at a certain place. He 
himself then marched onwards, secretly and expeditiously, and arrived with 
his troops at the dawn of day in the two Annalys (these were the countries of 
the two O'Farrells, though the English had some time before obtained sway 
over them) ; and one of the English, Christopher Browne by name, was then 
[dwelling] in the chief mansion-seat of O'Farrell. The brave troops of O'Don- 
nell and Maguire marched from Sliabh-Cairbre" to the River Inny, and set every 
place to which they came in these districts in a blaze of fire, and [wrapped it] 
in a black, heavy cloud of smoke. They took the Longford*, for they had set 
fire to every side and corner of it, so that it was [only] by the help of a rope 
that they conveyed Christopher Browne and his brother-in-law, and both their 
wives, out of it. Fifteen men of the hostages of that country (who had been in 
the custody of the aforesaid Christopher Browne) were burned [to death], 
who could not be saved, in consequence of the fury and violence that prevailed. 

under the year 1590, p. 1885, supra. more usually called tongphort-Ui-Fhearghail, 

' The Longford, i. e. the fortress. This is • i. e. O'Farrell's fortress, and from it the town 



1966 aNNa^>a Rio^hachca eiReaHN. [1595. 

T?o gabairc beop ceopa caipcialla ele la hua noomnaiU ipin 16 ceona. 
T?o mapbaicr, ~\ po muohaijic oaoine lomba oon cup pri, "j po ba6 oia paop 
clanoaib hobfpD, mac peapjupa, mic bpiain po mapbab Id TTlajuibip cpe 10m- 
pairne. T?o hepjabao mac an ppiopa u( paijillij Id opuing naile Don rploij. 
T?o leipceacclama6, -\ po Idinnonoileab m po ba lainn leo Do cpoD na cpice 
ap 5ac aipD Dia paicchiO. Lorcap mpam co na ccpeacbaib "] co na neoctlaib 
CO po jabpac lonjpopc 1 cceallac Duncha&a in oDhaij pin. T?o Ificcirc 
pcceirhealca uaca ap nd bapac co maimpcip an cabdin Dup an bpui^birn'p 
baojal pop najallaib bdccap ) ppopbaipi anD, "| o nd puaippior 1 ppeccmaip 
an baile lacc Do beapcpac leo gac nf gup a panjarrap Dia neDalaib. Uan- 
jaccap lapam an aohaij pin co celiac eacbac alia nap Do bel aca connill. 
Ciccicc laparti Dia ccijib lap mbuaiD neccpa Don cup pin. 

O po ba ofpb Id gallaib an ciapla 6 neill do eipje i ccommbdiDh ui bom- 
naill ip in ccoccab po cuip an lupcip"] an comaiple ofic cceD laoc 50 hiobop 
cinn cpaja do popbaipi pop cenel neojain, "] po jeall an lupnp co na plojaib 
cocr ma Ifnmain Dopccam 1 do Tnilleab an ci'pe. 

l?o paib ua neill a ceacca hi ccfnD uf Domnaill Dia cuinjib paip ceacc 
Dia compupcacc in ajjhaib an anppoplamn po bail Dia paijib. Nip bo hfip- 
Ifbac po hfipcfb pin la hua nDorhnaill uaip po cionoileab a ploja laip, -] 
pdinicc cpe cfp eoccain 50 haipm 1 mbaoi 6 neill, -] Do coccap ap aon co 
pocapD muipcfimne hi mf TTlau do ponpab. Od cualaib an luprip a mbfif 
ina oipcill Diblfnib an Du pin po aipip in ac cliac Don cup pin. 

Seoippi occ bmgam baof 1 plicceac 6 jobepnoip coiccib connacc Sip Rip- 
DepD bingam Do cuaib an Seoippi hipiti long co na poipinn larh bfp ppf hepinn 

of Longford has taken its name. — See note ', very common in this Annals, sounds awkwardly 

under the year 1448, p. 957, s^upra. enough in English. The phrase " which they 

^ The son of the Prior. — He was Maelmora, or could finger," so often used by Cox, would be 

Myles, the illegitimate aon of Philip O'Eeilly, better English. 

who was commonly called the Prior, though he '" Teallach-Eachdhach, now anglice TuUaghagh, 

was not an ecclesiastic. — See note '', under the or Tullyhaw, a barony forming the north-west 

year 1583, p. 1809, supra. portion of the county of Cavan See note', 

' TeaUach-Dunchadha, now the barony of under the year 1258, p. 371, sujira. 

Tullyhunco, in the west of the county of Ca- '^ Bd-atha-ChonaiU, now anglice Ballyconnell, 

van.— See note', under the year 1282, p. 437, a small town in the barony of Tullyhaw. See 

^tipra- it already mentioned under the years 1470, 

* To which they came. — This phrase, which is 1475. 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1967 

Three other castles were also taken by O'Donnell on the same day ; and on 
those occasions many persons were slain and destroyed, of whom one of the 
freeborn was Hubert, the son of Fergus, son of Brian [O'Farrell], who was acci- 
dentally slain by Maguire. The son of the Prior" O'Reilly was taken prisoner 
by others of the anny. As much of the property of the country as they wished 
to have was collected and gathered, [and brought] to them from every quarter'. 
They then proceeded with their preys and spoils, and pitched their camp that 
night in Teallach-Dunchadha". On, the next day they sent marauding parties 
to the monastery of Cavan,. to see whether they could get an advantage of the 
English who were quartered in it ; but as they did not find any of the English 
about the town, they carried oiF every thing of value belonging to them to 
which they came*. They marched that night to Teallach-Eachdhach", west of 
Bel-atha-Chonaill''; and from thence they returned home, after the victory of 
expedition on that occasion. 

When the English felt satisfied that the Earl O'Neill had risen up in alliance 
with O'Donnell in the war, the Lord Justice and Council sent a thousand war- 
riors to lubhar-Chinn-tragha'', to make war on the Kinel-Owen ; and the Lord 
Justice promised to follow them, and plunder and ravage the country. 

O'Neill sent his messengers to O'Donnell, requesting him to come to his 
assistance against the overwhelming forces that had come to oppose him. 
• O'Donnell did not listen inattentively to them, for he assembled his forces, and 
proceeded through Tyrone, to the place where O'Neill was ; upon which both 
went to Fochard-Muirtheimhne'. This was in the month of May. When the 
Lord Justice heard that they were both in readiness there to meet him, he 
remained in Dublin for that time. 

George Oge Bingham, who was [stationed] at Sligo under Sir Richard Bing- 
ham, the Governor of Connaught, went*^ with a ship and its crew north-eastwards, 

'^ Ivbhar-Chinrirtvagha, i. e. the yew of the in Irish history as being the birth-place of St. 

head of the strand, now Newry See it already Bridget, and the site of the battle in which 

mentioned at the years 1526, 1593. Edward Bruce was slain in 1318 See Colgan's ' 

« Fochard-Muirtheimhne, now Faughard, a Trias Tkaum.,Y>. 566, note \3 ; Usshm's Primor- 

celebrated hill, on which stand the ruins of a dia, pp. 627, 705, 706, 884 ; and note ', uhder 

church, about two miles to the north of Dun- the year 1318, p. 520, mtpra. 

dalk, in the plain of Muirtheimhne, now the ' Went. An English writer would say 

county of Louth. This place is much celebrated " sailed." 



1968 QHHaca Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1595 

)-'oipcciiai6 DO Denarh pojla hi ccenel cconaill, co po jabparc hi ccuan na 
fuilije. puaparcap paill popp an cip an can pm, co po innippfc mainipcip 
rhuipe baof pop up na cpaja, -| puccpac a cculabaca oippinn -| a caiUpi leo 
CO neoalaib oile. QppaiDe do Deacarcop laparh co copaij (oilen in po bfn- 
Dac colum cille an naoimeplarh eipiDe). Ro cpeacpac -| po oipccpioc 1 
mbaof ipm oilen, 1 pangaccap lapam rap a nnip co pligeac. 

Qd cuap DUO Dorhnaill aiDriiilleaD a cpice Dia eip (la heacrpanncoib) 
ciccpibe a cfp eojain Dia cappaccam, -\ nip bo cian an epnaibe 66 1 ccip 
conaill an can pangaccap ceacca ui neill Dm paijiD, Dia aipnfip do an lupcip 
co na ploj do cocc 1 ccfp eojain. Soaip ina ppinng DopiDipi co pdinic aipm 
1 mbaof 6 neill. bci paoiliD piurii ppip. 6a haDbal an cpocpaiDe canaicc an 
lupcip .1. Sip uilliam puppell, uaip boi genepal coccaiD na bainpiojna 1 nepinn 
a maille ppip.i.SipSeon Nopuip,-] lapla cuaDmurhan DonnchaD mac concobaip 
ui bpiain laDpaiDe uile co na pocpaiDe. Ni po hanoD leo pi&e co panjaccap 
CO hiubap cinncpaja, appaiDe co hapD maca. 6a hfo po cinnpioc hipuiDe 
j;an aipipiorh 50 poccain Doib 50 habainn moip hi ccflpcmfbon cfpe heoccain. 
Qcc apccnarh 1 peiD Dipje na conaipe Doib ecip apDmaca "| abann mop ac 
conncacap an longpopc Idn noainjfn, -| an cipe corhnapc caca 1 mbdcap 
cenel cconaill "] eojain imon lapla ua neill -\ im ua nDomnaill, -] lap nd 
aipiuccaD pin Don cpluaj gall aipipcc ipm maijin pin co ap a bapac. Oo 
coccap lapam cap anaip co hapDmaca. Oo Deacaccap na gaoiDil ina Ifn- 
main co po jabpac lonjpopc in arpoccup Doib. 6dccap ppf pe coicc Id noecc 
ashaiDin ajhaib amlaiD pin gan paijiD Do neaccap aca pop apoile, uaip po 
baoi an lupcip co na ploj 1 nDoingnijcib apDainaca ace coccbdil cop -| ace 
DoimniuccaD Dfocc 1 ccimceall an baile. Ro paccaib an lupcip a ccionn na 
pee pm cpf banna paijDiuip 05 lomcoimecc apDamaca, ■] cfiD pfin cap a aip 
Don lubap, -| bdccap gaoiDil ma Ifnmain co Dopup an lubaip. Oo caoD an 

« Marifs Abbey. — This was the Carmelite O'Clery. 

abbey of Rathmullan See note °, under the "^ The Abhainn-Mhor, i. e. the great river, 

year 1516, p. 1334, supra. now the River Blackwater, which flows for 

'' Torach, now Tory Island, off the north coast several miles between the counties of Tyrone 

of the barony of KUmacrenan, and county of and Armagh — See note ^, under the year 1483, 

Donegal — See note '', under the year 1202, p. 1 125, sapra. By Cip 6050 m the Four Mas- 

p. 132, supra. ters, at this period, meant the entire territory 

' Revenge.—'' Cappaccam .1. Diojail."— possessed by the O'Neills, and the other fami- 



1595] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1969 

to commit depredations in Tirconnell ; [and they sailed round], keeping Ireland 
to the right, until they put into the harbour of Swilly. They obtained an 
advantage of the country at this time, so that they plundered Mary's Abbey^, 
which was [situated] on the brink of the Strand, and carried off the Mass vest- 
ments, chalices, and other valuable articles. They then sailed to Torach" (an 
island consecrated by St. Columbkille, the holy patron), and preyed and plun- 
dered every thing they found on the island, and then returned back to Sligo. 

O'Donnell having been informed of the spoliation of his territory, in his ab- 
sence, by strangers, he returned from Tyrone to revenge' it ; but his stay had not 
been long in Tirconnell when O'Neill's messengers came to him to inform him that 
the Lord Justice had arrived with an army in Tyrone. He, thereupon, went back 
to the place where O'Neill was, who rejoiced at his arrival. The army brought by 
the Lord Justice (i. e. Sir William Russell) was very immense, for he had with 
him f^ir John Norris, the Queen's general in Ireland, and the Earl of Thomond 
(Donough, son of Conor O'Brien), with all their forces. These never halted 
until they arrived at Newry, from whence they proceeded to Armagh. Here 
they resolved not to delay, until they should reach the Abhainn-mhor'', in the 
very middle of Tyrone. On their march over the direct road from Armagh 
to this river, they beheld the fortified camp, and the strong battle-array of the 
Kinel-Owen and Kinel-Connell, under the Earl O'Neill and O'Donnell ; and 
when the English army perceived this, they remained where they were' until 
the next morning, when they returned back to Armagh. The Irish went in 
pursuit of them, and pitched their camp near them. They remained thus face 
to face for the space of fifteen days, without any attack from either side""; for 
the Lord Justice and his army were within the fortifications of Armagh, [en- 
gaged in] erecting towers, and deepening the trenches around the town. At 
the expiration of this time the Lord Justice left three companies of soldiers to 
defend Armagh, and he himself returned to Newry ; and the Irish went in' 
pursuit to the gate of Newry. In a week afterwards the Lord Justice set out 

lies of the race of Eoghan. At an earlier period magh and Monaghan, and, more recently, those 

the Kiver Abhainn-mhor, which was originally of Louth and Fermanagh. 

called the Dabhall, would be described, not as ' Where they were, literally, " in that place," 

in the middle of Tir-Eoghaiu, but as flowing which is rather clumsy. 

between Tir-Eoghain and Oirghialla; for the "^ From either side, literally, " without either 

latter territory comprised the counties of Ar- of them attacking the other." 

11 S 



1970 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1595. 



lupcip po cfnD peccmaine lapccain le Ion 50 TTluineacan. Oo c6i6 appibe 
CO na plog CO hac cliac. 

Nf po larhpac 501II aon cploicceab do bpfir co hullcoib 50 cfnD arViam 
lap pin, acr aon cpluaicceaD arhdin do p6na6 let Sip peon nopaip, "] Id Sip 
comap opip a beapbparaip .1. ppepiDenp Da cuicciD muriian, 50 nfipje amac 
muiTTineac -[ miDeac Do trol in ullcoib. Do cuap leo co hiubap cinn cpaja, 
1 po cpiallpac appiDe co hapDmaca. lap nDol 1 njap Do Ifc na conaipe 
Doib ip ann Do palacap na jaoiDil pop a ccionn, -| po jabpac need ccailcc, -] 
accd ccaicfrh accd ccollaD, 1 accd ccpTsDaD co ndp Ificcpoc coDlaDh no 
lonjaD pocpacc no paDaile Doib ppi pe cficeopa nuaip ppicfc. Ni po leicceaD 
Dna aon cpoicch peaca pin ap a najhaib mrc, -] pobcap buiDij a maice do 
pocrain a nanmann leo cap a naip gup an lubap, lap ppaccbdil Daoine, eac, 
aipm, I eDala co hiolapDa Doib. Ro gonab an jenepal Sip Seon nopip, -] Sip 
comap a Dfpbpacaip Don cup pm. Nip bo bfpn baojail Doibpibe Dol ipin 
ccoicceab lap pin. 

lap poab Don cpeoippi perhpaice co plicceac lap nopccam maimpcpe 



" Towards Armagh. — This should evidently 
be " towards Monaghan ;" for we are informed 
by P. O'SuUevan Beare, who seems to have had 
the account of the rencounter between the Earl 
of Tyrone and Segrave from living witnesses, 
that this conflict took place at Cluain-tibrat, 
near Monaghan. The following is O'SuUevan's 
account of this conflict, but it rests on his tes- 
timony alone, for no older or contemporaneous 
writer has handed down any account of it, and 
all subsequent writers have merely copied him : 

" Norris dux tantus cum exercitu suo Auri- 
liam Macmagannorum ditionem ingressus non 
procul a Munichano in campum, qui Pratum 
Fontis dicitur, peruenit : vbi copias suas hosti 
spectaijdas pra;bet. Onellus imperator nihil im- 
peritior, sed viribus longe impar occurrit. Ibi 
duarum bellicosisimarum insularum duo longe 
clarissimi duces primum signa conferunt. Erat 
ille locus planicies aperta, & patens sed humidi- 
tate parum impedita. Ex circumiectis vliginibus 
aquee confluentes vadum faciebant, per quod 



erat Anglis commodius transeundum. Illud 
vadum Onellus obsidet ; adire tentat Norris ; 
eum remouere Onellus conatur. Equestris simul 
pugna, & bombardariorum velitatio circum va- 
dum incipit Equites regij armorum munimine, 
Iberni hominum dexteritate prajstabant. Iberni 
fulminatores coUineandi scientia longe antecede- 
bant. Quod commodum ssepius commune par- 
tis vtriusque erat: nam in regio exercitu ssepe 
plures erant Iberni, quam Angli. Regij bom- 
bardarij bis a Catholicis confutati sunt, recla- 
mante Norrise, qui vltimus omnium pugna ex- 
cedebat. Ac sub eo quidem equus plumbea 
glande confossus cadit. Omnes partis vtriusque 
equites Macguieri non iniuria primas concesse- 
runt. Cum Norris ssgrius ferret suos bis reiectos 
locum non sustinuisse, laimus Sedgreius eques 
Ibernus Midhieusis corporis, & animi robore 
excellens ipsum, & Bagnalem ita alloquitur. 
Mittite mecum equitum turmam, & ego poUiceor 
vobis, Onellum esse mihi ex ephippijs saltern 
detrahendum. Consistebat Onellus ab altera 



1595.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1971 



with provisions, to [victual] Monaghan, and" from thence he proceeded.with his 
army to Dublin. 

F.or some time after this the English did not dare to bring any army into 
Ulster, except one hosting which was made by Sir John Norris and his brother, 
Sir Thomas Norris, the President of the two provinces of Munster, with the 
forces of Munster and Meath, to proceed into Ulster. They marched to Newry, 
and passed from thence towards Armagh". When they had proceeded near 
halfway, they were met by the Irish, who proceeded to annoy, shoot, pierce, and 
spear them, so that they did not suffer them either to sleep or rest quietly for 
the space of twenty-four hours. They were not permitted to advance forVard 
one foot further ; and their chiefs were glad to escape with their lives to Newry, 
leaving behind them many men, horses, arms, and valuable things. The General, 
Sir John Norris, and his brother, Sir Thomas, were woundefl on this occasion. 
It was no [ordinary] gap of danger for them to go into the province after this. 

The aforesaid George [Bingham] returned to Sligo, after having plundered 



parte vadi quadraginta equitibus, & bombarda- 
rijs paucis stipatus, inde prselium contemplans, 
& imperia dans. Tertio equites, & bombardarij 
pugnam redintegrant. Et Sedgreius quidem 
comitatus turma electissimonim equitum Iber- 
norum, et Anglormn vadum aggreditur. In ipso 
vado pauci equites cadunt a scloperarijs corporis 
Onelli custodibus icti. NihUominus Sedgreius 
in Onellum irruit : vterque in alterius lorica 
hastam frangit. Mox Sedgreius Onellum cello 
deprehensum ex equo deturbat ; Onellus inui- 
cem Sedgreium ex equo detrahit : ambo in cer- 
tamen validse luctse manus conserunt : Onellus 
prosternitur, qui tamen animo tanto fuit, vt 
iacens Sedgreium sub lorica inter femina per 
genitalia stricto pugione confossum interfecerit. 
Circum Sedgreium octodecim equites splendidi 
regij succumbunt, & signum capitur : CKteri 
fuga salutem petunt : vna quoque omnes regise 
copi® pedem referre coguntur, septingentis plus 
minus desideratis Catholici pauci sunt vulne- 
ribus afFecti : eorum nuUus memorabilis nume- 
rus occisus. Postero die redeuntem Norrisem, 

11 



& nitrato puluere non satis abundantem Onellus 
secutus ad viam Finnuis infestius occurrit : vbi 
Ohanlonus summus exercitus regij signifer 
crure vulneratur, & alij glandibus plumbeis 
confossi cadunt. Munichanum arcem, quam 
tribus peditum cohortibus, & equitum turma 
Hinchus Anglus tenebat, inedia coactus dedidit, 
ipse ex pacto incolumis dimittitur." — Hist. 
Cathol. Iber., torn. 3, lib. 3, c. ii. 

The name here written Sedgreius by O'Sul- 
levan, is written Segrave by the Abbe Ma- 
Geoghegan. The descendants of this gigantic 
warrior are still extant in the county of TVick- 
low, and the present head of the family is six 
feet eight inches in height. Lombard states, in 
his Commentaries, p. 345,' that Sir John Norris 
bore high testimony to the valour, discipline, 
and military skill of O'Neill and his native Irish 
soldiers on this occasion, and that he expressed 
a wish that he had had their assistance in his 
services abroad. 

" No gap of danger — This should be Oip la 
beapn baojail, &c. 

s2 



1972 awHata Rio^hacnca eiReoHN. [1595. 

naom muipe hi jidic riiaolam, -] eccailpi colaim cille 1 ccopaij, nfp bo poba 
an pe po leicc Dia 66 gan a nmre paip, uaip boi Duine uapal t)0 Bupcacaib 
ina caoi'rhceacc co noib laocaib Decc ] maille ppip .1. uillecc a bupc mac 
pemainn na pccuab. Oo paoaD Dimiccin 1 capcaipne Dopi6'e peer nan let 
Sfoippi 1 lap na gallaib ap cfna. Ro ba peapcc "] po ba lonDup laippiorh 
inopin, -] po baof ina mfnnnain aice a Dimiaba ap Sheoippi Dia ccaornpao 1 
cocc lapoiti 1 mumreapup uf Domnaill ap ba t»eapb laip jup bo hmnill 06 bfic 
ma pocaip. puaip piorh laparh baojaV an rpeoippi peiYipaice let naen Dm 
mbaof 1 naipfccal 1 nuarhaO pochaibe T?ainic piorh Dia paiccib, -] po cuip ma 
acccfib a ainbliccheab ") a eccoip paip, ") ni ppuaip ppeajpa ba lamn laip 
o nd puaip raippnjib a cloibeam, -| impip paip co po bfn a cfnb Dm cuil 
mfibe. ^eibib an baile laparii, ~\ po pafb a reacra co hat pfnaig bail 1 
inbdrrap muincijf ui borhnaiU. Cuipiopibe reacca co cfp eojain aipm 1 
iiibaoi 6 bomnaiU peippin. Qc piabar a pcela 66, "] ac cuaib piurh oon lapla 
ua neill mpccain. Robcap paili6 biblimb bon riiapbab fpin. Celebpaib 
ua bomnaill bon mpla ap a bapac, "] ni po aipip ace a noibcib co na pluas 
laip 50 pdinicc co plicceac po jeib pdilce 1 bo pare uiUfcc a biipc an bade 
bo, -| bd pdirii laip a mfnrna. 1 mi lun bo p6nab inopin. 

Qn can ac cimlaccap 1 mbdccap pop Dfbfipcc bo coiccea6 conbacc 
(.1. bupcaij loccapac, clann nbomnaill, Siol cconcobaip, Ruapcaij, -\ clann 
maolpiianaiD, 1 nf hmb amdin ace a mbdccap ap poccpa -| ap paomnel mp 
nd naccup -] mp nd monnapbab Id biongamacaib 1 nullcoib -| 1 nionaoaib ele) 

■' Rath-Maelain, now RathmuUan See note 6, rum pars erant Iberni, tenebat. In qua prsesidij 

p. 1968, supra. causa relicto Vlligo Burko Raymundi filio nobili 

■• Redmond-na-Scuab, i. e. Redmond of the Iberno cum parte militum, ipse cum ceteris in 

Sweeping Excursions. The word fcuab, which Vltoniam duobus phascllis vectus Rathmelanem 

is cognate with the Latin scopce, literally denotes municipium Macsuinnij Fanidi, qui tunc abe- 

a broom or besom. rat, inuadens monasterium Carmelitarum diripit, 

' Was offered iusuU. — P. O'Sullevau Beare religiosis in arcem fugatis. Onustus praida Sli- 

states, that Ulick Burke was vexed becaiise the gacham reuertitur. Cum divideretur prada, 

Irish soldiers, who had accompanied George milites Iberni iure suo fraudati Vlligo videntur: 

Bingham into Tirconnell, had not received a qui cum iisdem agit, quemadmodum Binghami 

fair dividend of the booty carried off from that & Anglorum iniurias vlciscantur. Diem qua 

country : castellum illis adimat, constituit. Ea cum ve- 

" In Connachta Georgius Binghamus lunior nisset, Iberni Anglos aggrediuntur. Biughamus 

Sligacham arcem cum peditibus ducentis, quo- ab Vlligo pugione confossus, & cseteri, vel occisi, 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1973 

the monastery of the Blessed Virgin at Rath-Maelain", and the church of 
St. Columbkille on Torach ; but God did not permit him to remain for a long 
time without revenging them upon him, for there was in his company a gentle- 
man of the Burkes, who had twelve warriors along with him, namely, Ulick 
Burke, the son of Redmond-na-Scuab''. Upon one occasion he was offered 
iiisult' and indignity by George and the English in general, at which he felt 
hurt and angry ; and he resolved in his mind to revenge the insult on George, 
if he could, . and afterwards to get into the friendship of O'Donnell, for he 
felt certain of being secure with him. He afterwards got an advantage of 
the aforesaid George, one day as he was in an apartment with few attendants ; 
he went up to him, and upbraided him with his lawlessness and injustice 
towards him, and as he did not receive a satisfactory answer, he drew his sword, 
. and struck at him till he severed his head from his neck. He then took the 
castle, and sent messengers to Bally shannon, Avhere O'Donnell's people then 
were ; and these dispatched messengers to Tyrone, where O'Donnell himself 
was. They relate the news to him, and he then went to the Earl O'NeiU; and 
both were much rejoiced at that killing. On the following day O'Donnell bade 
the Earl farewell, and, setting out with his army, did not halt, except by niglit, 
until he arrived at Sligo. He was welcomed ; and Ulick Burke delivered up 
the town to him, which made him very happy in his mind. This happened in 
the month of June. 

When intelligence of the death of George Bingham, and the taking of Sligo, 
came to the hearing of those of the province of Connaught who were in insur- ' 
rection, namely, the Lower Burkes, the Clann-Donnell, the Sil-Conor', the 
Rourkes, and the Clann-Mulrony', and not these alone, but also those who had 
been proclaimed, and roving after having been expelled and banished into Ulster 

vel fuga salutem petentes deuastatai religioste Sligo. The O'Conors of Machaire-Chonnacht, in 

doiuus Cannelitarum poenas sacrilegi luerunt. the county of Roscommon, were, at this period, 

Arx Odonello traditur, qui in ea Vlligum prae- loyal to the English sovereign See Memoiift 

sidio praifecit. Sub idem quoque tempus Bale- of the Life and Writings of Charles 0' Conor of 

anmotam castellum Georgio Binghamo Maiori Belanagare, p. 1 1 2. 

Tumultachus, & Cathalus Macdonachse eri- ' The Clann-Mtdrony.— This was the tribe- 

piunt." — Hi'it. Cathol. Iber. Compend,, tom. 3, name of the Mac Dermots of Moylurg, in the 

lib. 3, c. iii. tol. 139. county of Roscommon, and of the Mac Donoughs 

^ SU- Conor — These were the O'Conors of of Tirerrill and Corran, in the county of Sligo. 



1974 • aNHQca Rio^haclica eiReawH. [1595. 

mapbao Se6ippi,-| ^abdil y^liccij canjaccap Do paijib ui Dorhnaill 50 pliccec, 
-| 00 c6i6 ?;ac aon aca lapam do faijiD a acapba Dilpi baDeiri,"! jac aicr- 
peabcaij Dap cuippic joill ina ppfpanDaib (ira aipfc baccap pfin ap poccpa) 
po gabpac leo map luce Ifnariina oh uaip pin amac. bdccap lapam epmop 
a paibe o pinn mpcapaicc loppaip, i urhaill co Dpobaofp Daon pann, -] Daon 
aonca Id hua nDorhnaill p6 cfnD aon rhiopa. Ni'p bo hiomDa caiplen no com- 
Damsfn ip na rfpib pin ndc baoi plan no bpipce pop a cumap ppip an pe 
ceona. 

Cdnaicc 6 Dorhnaill lapam co Dun na njall, 1 baf 1 hipuiDe 50 meaDon 
augupc. T?o haipnfiDeaD Do piDe rapccap albanac Do reacc 1 ccfp illoc 
pebail .1. TTlac leoiD na hapa, Do caeD pi&e cuca Dia ppoprab. Se ceD pob- 
Dap laD a Ifon, 1 lap mbfic achaib ipm cip mp Ificcfn a pcipi, -] a mfipcin, -| 
lap na ppopcaD laip, po cfcclamair a ploja co na arhpaib laip, -] lorap cap . 
eipne, cap Dpobaoip, cap Duib capp an plicciccVi, cap fp nDapa, cap pbab 
ngaih, 50 luijne appaiDe co pdmicc 50 goipDealbachaib. 6af lonaccacc -] 
aiccpeaboD ag jallaib hi ccaiplen rhop mec joipDealbaij an can pin, -| po jab 
ua Domnaill co na plojaib ace lompuiDe an baile gup bo hficcfn Don bapoa 
an baile Do cabaipc uaca p6 DeoiD. Do caoD laparh 50 pdinicc Dun mop 
mec peopaip. l?o pccaoilpioc a pcceimelca 50 conmaicne, 50 muincip mup- 
chaDa, 50 Ificimel an macaipe piabaij, -| 50 cuaim Da jualann. T?o gabao 
leo cuplac mocdin,"] pochaiDe mop Do maichib an cfpe im RipDepD mac mec 
peopaip. T?o cpeachaD 1 po lepinDpeab an cip ina nuipcimceall leo co pucc- 
pac a cpot), -| a cfcpa a hionnmapa, "] a heDala Doneoc gup a panjaccap, -| ^ 
poaic pop cculaib. 

Oc cualaiD gobepnoip coicciD connacc .1. Sip RipDepD binjam 6 Domnaill 
DO Dol caipip piap hi cconnaccaib po cionoil pi6e coicc banna Decc Do paig- 

" The Sligeach, i. e. the river of Sligo, now See note », under the year 1284, p. 441, supra. 
called the Gity. ' Conmaicne. — The barony of Kilmaine, in 

" Castlemore-Mac-Costello, i. e. Mac Costello's the county of Mayo, was called Conmaicne CuUe 

great castle — See note ', under the year 1284, Toladh, and the barony of Dunmore, in the 

p. 441, supra. county of Galway, was called Conmaicne Cineil 

" Dunmore- Mic-P'eorais, i. e. the great dun or Dubhain. — See map to Tnies and Custotns of 

fort of Mac Feorais, or Bermingham, now Dun- Hy-Many. 

more, eight miles to the north of Tuam-da- ' Muintir-Murchadha, a district comprising at 

ghualann, or Tuam, in the county of Galway — this period about the northern half of the ba- 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1975 

and other places, by the Binghams, they came to O'Donnell to Sligo ; and each 
of them went afterwards to his own patrimonial inheritance ; and every inha- 
bitant whom thre English had established in their lands during the period of 
their proscription adhered to them as followers from that hour forth. In the' 
course of one month the greater part of the inhabitants of the district, from the 
western point of Erris and Umhall to the Drowes, had unanimously confede- 
rated with O'Donnell ; and there were not many castles or fortresses in those 
places, whether injured or perfect, that were not under his control. 

O'Donnell then went to Donegal, and remained there till the middle of 
August. He was informed that a number of Scots had landed at Lough Foyle, 
with their chief, Mac Leod of Ara ; he went thither to hire them. They were 
six hundred in number. After being hired by him, and after remaining some 
time to rest and recruit themselves, he assembled his forces and hirelings, and 
they marched across the Erne, the Drowes, the Duff, the Sligeach", and Eas- 
dara, across Sliabh-Gamh, into Leyny, and from thence into Costello. The 
English held at that time abode and residence in Castlemore-Mac-Costello". 
O'Donnell with his forces laid siege to this castle ; and the warders were finally 
obliged to surrender it. He then proceeded to Dunmore-Mic-Feorais*,'and 
dispatched marauding parties into Conmaicne', Muintir-Murchadha^, to the bor- 
ders of Machaire-Riabhach% and to Tuam-da-ghualann. They took Turlach- 
Mochain", and a great number of the chiefs of the country, together with 
Richard, the son of Mac Feorais. They plundered and totally ravaged the 
country all around them, and carried off its flocks and herds, its wealth and 
riches, from all those they had met on their route, and [then] returned back. 

When the Governor of the province of Connaught, namely. Sir Richard 
Bingham, heard that O'Donnell had passed by him westwards into Connaught, 
he assembled fifteen companies of soldiers, both horse and foot, and marched 

rony of Clare, and county of Gal way. It appears year 1469, p. 1064, supra. 
from an Inquisition taken at Athenry in 1584, ^ Turlach-Mochain, i.e. Mochan's dried lough, 
that the Earl of Clanrickard had a chief rent of now Turlough-vohan, near Tuam, barony of Dun- 
twenty marks per annum, out of the territory more, and county of Galway. In the Life of 
or cantred called Moyntermoroghow, in which Hugh Roe O'Donnell, Turlach Mochain is called 
the abbey of Rosserill is situated — See Choro- a castle in the country of Mac Feorais : " Cup- 
graphical Description of lar- Connaught, p. 368. lac mocun caifTiall pioe pil i nouraij iheic 
* Machaire-Miabhach. — See note S under the Feopaip." 



1976 aNNQf-a Kio^hachca eiReawN. [1505. 

r>iuipiV) eciji mapcaca -\ cpoijreaca co pdinicc 50 muincincc coipppleibe ap 
bdij amtnaip 00 cabaipc pop ua noomnaill ace cionncub Dia eaccpa. lap 
na piop pin oua Domnaill po pillpibe cap a aip biucc co na aipccnb "| co ra 

•eoalaib on ccampa 50 cele 50 joipoealbchaib, 50 luijne oioccap 6 nailella 
rpep na cpib DpoicToaib j. Dpoicfr cuile maofle, opoicfc baile fpa t)apa, 
-] Dpoicfc pbgije. baccap cpa 501II accd laprhoipecr arhail ap oeine con- 
panjaccap i.p na conaipib pin. l?o fiDipbeilijfpcaip ua oorhnaill Oipim 
mapcpluaij, -] po popcongaip poppa aipipfrh 1 nofipeab a ploi^ ap nac pa5- 
baiccip upcopac an rploij 5all jiollanpaO, no aop Diaipm Dm rhumcip piurh 
1 mbaojal. T?ainicc piurii laparh co na chpeachaib laip jan nac ppioropccain 
CO piacc 1 ccorhpocpaib jleanoa Dalldin. Udnaicc an jobepnoip pop a lopcc 
co po 5ab lonjpopc 1 niaimpcip pliccij opopba-pi pop bapoaib ui Domnaill 
bdccap ipin ccaiplen. Ro pa(6 ua DOThnaill ap a bapoc buiDfn mapcploig Do 

/raipcelab popp na 5allaib, -] Dpiop pccel on D^naiD "] r.a nocc bdrcap ano 
CO pansaccap 50 himeal bopD na habann giip an ccnoc Dia ngapap Rdir Da 
bpiococc, ■] ac ciaD na 501II pdncdn peacnon an baile. 

Ro bai occlaoc uallac bopppaoac 1 ppcippaD Sip RipDepD an ran pin po 
ba mac pfrap Do bubDfin capnn mapcm a ainm. Qp eppiOe bd coipeac 
mapcploij 66. Nf po pulaing pine Deccpan a namarc 1 ccoinpoccup Do jan 

,n ppuabaipc, "] rainicc co na Diopma rap Dpoicfc pbjiji anall. Od cian 
muincip uf Dorhnaill laD Dia paijiD poaic pop ccula (o nac pabaccap coirhbon 
ppiu) amail ap Deine conpanjacrap. Uiajaic na 501II ina nDiuiD, "] nip cdp- 

'paccap iDip poaic laparfi pop ccula. Ro aipnfibpioc muinc.p uf Domnaill a 
pcela, "] arhail po bdp occa cco^paim, -\ arriail do epnaipioc Id luap a nfc. 
lap ccloipcecc an pcceoil pin Id hua nDomnaill bd pe aipfcc ap painicc laip 
celcc DO inDell pop cionD na nallmuipeac ipin cconaip cceDna. T?o rfslaim 

" Top — "Tnumcinn .1. uaccap." — O^Clery, in was the bridge, stood on the south side of the 

Leabhar Gabhala, p. 3. Eiver OwenmoTe, close to where it receives a 

'' Cul-maoUe. — This was the old name of the stream- from Loughdargan. This is the exact 

place now called Cul-Mhuine, anglice Colooney. situation of the present village of Colooney, 

According to the tradition in the country the which is certainly the Cul-Maoile referred to 

castle of Cul-Maoile was some distance from the above in the text by the Four Masters. 
present village of Colooney ; but if we can rely ' Gkann-Dallain, a remarkable valley, situ- 

on the maps of Connaught made about this pe- ated partly in the count}' of Sligo, and partly in 

riod, the castle of Collounie, opposite which Leitrim. The church of Cill-Osnata, now Kil- 



I 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1977 

to the top" of the Coirrshliabh [Curlieu hills], with the intention of making an 
attack upon O'Donnell, on his return from his expedition. When O'Donnell 
received intelligence of this, he soon returned back, with his preys and spoils, 
from one -encampment to the other, through Costello, Leyny, the lower part 
of Tirerrill, and over the three bridges, namely, the bridge of Cul-maoile", the 
bridge of Ballysadere, and the bridge of Sligo. Through these passages the 
Enghsh went in pursuit of him as quickly as they could. O'Donnell detached 
a troop of cavalry, and ordered them to fall to the rear of his army, to prevent 
the van of the English army from coming into collision with the attendants or 
unarmed portion of his people. He afterwards moved on with his preys, till 
he reached the neighbourhood of Gleann-Dallain', without any opposition. 

The Governor followed in his track, and took up his quarters in the monas- 
tery of Sligo, to besiege O'Donnell's warders who were in the castle. On the 
next day O'Donnetl sent a party of cavalry to reconnoitre the English, and learn 
the state of the fortress, and of the men*^ who were in it ; and they advanced 
to the banks of the river, to the hill which is called Eath-Dabhritog^, from which 
they espied the English moving up and down" throughout the town. 

There was at this time along with Sir Richard his own sister's son, a proud 
and haughty youth. Captain Martin by name, who was the commander of his 
cavalry. He could not bear to see his enemies* so near him without attacking 
them, and proceeded with his squadron across the bridge of Sligo. When 
O'Donnell's people perceived them advancing, they returned back as speedily 
lis they were able, as they were not equal to them in number. The English 
pursued them ; but not overtaking them, they returned back. O'Donnell's 
people then related how they had been pursued, and how they had escaped by 
means of the swiftness of their horses When O'Donnell heard this story, the 
resolution he came to was, to lay a snare for the foreigners on the same passage. 

asnet, in the barony of Dartry, or Eossclogher, 21st July, 1687, this townland is called Eagh ta- 
in the county of Leitrim, is in it. — See Colgan's bretoke, Rathavritoge, alias Rath. The fort on 
Acta Sanctorum, p. 337. this hill commands the entire town of Sligo. It 
f Of the men, literally, " of the youths." is a square fort, evidently constructed from the 
8 Rath-Dahhritog, i. e. Dabhritog's rath, or fort, materials of the original one during the civil 
now Rath hill, in the townland of Rathquarter, wars of 1641, or 1688. 

in the parish of Calry, barony of Carbury, Sligo. '' Up and down — " Sdncan .i. anonn -| analL." 

In the deed of partition of the Sligo estate, dated — G'Clery. 

11 T ■ 



1978 awHata Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1595. 

lajiarh an ceD mapcac po ba oeac Dia pluaj co ccpib ceoaib cpoijceac co 
na ccpealrhaib oiuBpaicn .1. pmlJaca co na pai^Tc bolccaib. l?o popcorijaip 
poppa celcc 00 inneall pd rhile Do plicceac,-] oi'nim bfcc mapcpluaij Dpaoi'o- 
ea6 uaca co himel bopo na habanD Do bpeccab an rploij gall,-] Dia cci'opca 
ma Ifnmain jan aipipioTTi ppi hiomaipfcc co poccain Doib cap an inai5in in po 
hinoleaD an celcc. Oo ponaD paippium pin uile. Oc connaipc capcin mapcin 
an cuachaD mapcploij pop up na liaBann do coiD co noipim moip tnapcploij 
a maille ppip Oia cceccappaccain locap porfi pfmpa co hionmall ainepccaiD 
an cceona peace, nfp bo cian Do na boccaib laparii gup bo lieiccfn Doib 
bfir ace eaclopccab a neac Id a bfine -) Id a Diojaipe po bdccap joill ina 
noeauhaib. T?o cuipeao DeipeaD pop aon DiobpiDe .1. peilim pmbac mac 
DaueiD, Dia aimbeom Id hionmaiUe a eic co ndp bo cudlaing ppfpcal a muin- 
npe, 1 50 mbo hficcfn Do aipipiorh ppi a nairhoib, ~\ ceacc cap popcotigpa a 
cijeapna .i. cocap do ppip na gallaib. O pob epoalca laip a rhapbab po 
ceDoip. Soaip aghaib ppip an cf bd nfparh bo Don luce bacap ma Ifnmain, "i 
pob epibe capcin mapcin, 1 ace coccbdil a Idime Dopibe in oipcill a aipm 
Dimipc pop an cf Do pala in eccorhlann pop a cionn do paD peilmi a rfieup hi 
puainfrh an poj;a bai occa 1 neplaniie Dia biubpaccab co po amaip capcin 
mapcin i noeipc a occpaille cec nDipeac gup cpejDapcaip a cpibe ma cliab. 
bd hfiDijri piurh cpa cenmocd an cionab pin cpiap po 5aoccu. lompaiD na 
j^oill pop ccula lap nguin a ccpfinpip l a ccoi'pi^ ioni^ona,-| Do bepao leo he 
pop lomcap paon pocappna i ppanncaipib ecca co pansaccap an baile, i 
puaip bdp in aohaig pin. On connaipc 6 Domraill na 501II do poab pop 

' Bank of the river. — P. O'SuUevan Beare says cum mille, & sexcentis militibus auxilia veuire 

that Rothericus, the brother of O'Donnell, and festiuat. Apud Duraranem in hostis conspectu 

Felimy Mac Davet, crossed the river; but his tentoria pandit. Duobus primis diebus interla- 

account of this transaction seems anything but bens flumen vtriusque partis equitatus adequi- 

correct. His words are as follows : tans iacxilis leuiter vltrocitroque velitatur. 

" Sequente autumno, sub quod tempus Norris Tertio die Rothericus Odonelli frater cum Fel- 

cum Onello minus prospero marte contendit, mio Macdaveto, & alio equite fluuium traiectus 

Richardus Binghamus ad Sligacham recuperan- castra contemplatur. In ilium Martin Anglus, 

dam, & occisi consanguinei poenas de VlUgo qui in Binghami exercitu prsestantissimus eques 

sumendas facit expeditionem. VUigum Sliga- habebatur, procurrit, turma sua, cuius dux 

cha; obsidione cinctum oppugnat. Vlligus cum erat, stipatus. Rothericus admisso equo ad suos 

propugnatoribus egressus pro munitionibus adcurrit. Martin sequens suorum primus va- 

quotidie certat. Odonellus obsidionem soluturus dum traijiciebat. Quem Felmius couuersus 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1979 

He then selected one hundred of the best horsemen of his army, and three hun- 
dred infantry with their shooting implements, namely, bows with their arrow- 
quivers ; he ordered them to lie in ambush within a mile of Sligo, and to send 
a small squadron of horse to the banks of the river, to decoy the English army, 
and should they [the foreigners] pursue them, not to wait for an engagement, 
imtil they should h'ave come beyond the place where the ambuscade was laid. 
This was accordingly done. When Captain Martin perceived the small squadron 
of cavalry on the bank of the river', he advanced directly with a numerous 
body of cavalry, to wreak his vengeance upon them. The others at first moved 
slowly and leisurely before them, but these young heroes were soon obliged to 
incite their horses forward, the English having pursued them with such speed 
and vehemence. One of them, namely, Felim Reagh Mac Devit", was [how- 
ever] compelled to remain behind, in consequence of the slowness of his horse; 
and, being unable to accompany his own people, he was obliged to disobey the 
orders of his lord, that is, to fight the English [before he had passed the ambus- 
cade]. As he was certain of being immediately slain, he turned his face to the 
nearest of his pursuers, who was Captain Martin ; and, as he [Captain Martin] 
raised his arm to strike his antagonist with his weapon, Felim placed his finger 
on the string of the javelin, which he had in readiness to discharge, so that he 
struck Captain Martin directly in the arm-pit, and pierced his heart in his breast. 
He was covered with mail, except in the spot where he was wounded. The 
English, seeing their champion and commander mortally wounded, returned 
back, carrying him, in his weakly condition, and in the agonies of death, in a 
recumbent posture, to the town, where he died on that night. When O'Donnell 
saw that the English had retreated, he was enraged, until the decoying party 

hasta traiectum, & interfectum in ipso flumine the head of the Mac Devits of Inishowen, who 

equo deturbat, & ipse cum Eotherico, & alio are, according to Cucogry O'Clery, a branch of 

coramilitone incolumig euasit. Postero die ob- the O'Dohertys, and the very man who after- 

sidionis quarto, Binghamus, obsidio relicto do- wards burned the town of Derry, from which 

mum redit, quern OdoneUus secutus missilibus circumstance the Mac Devits are even to this 

carpit." — Hilt. Cathol. Iber. Compend., tom. 3, day called " Burnderrys" by their Presbyterian 

lib. 3, c. iii. fol. 140. ^ neighbours. They are at present a very nume- 

" Fdtm Reagh Mae DevU. — He is still vividly rous sept in the neighbourhood of Londonderry, 

remembered in the traditions of the barony of and throughout the barony of Inishowen, in the 

Inislioweu, in the county of Donegal. He was county of Donegal. 

11 t2 



1980 



awNa^a Rio^hachca eiReaNH. 



[1595. 



cculaib po lonnaijeab eippbe co jio coinsfioc luce na pcippuabapca cap 
cfnD pelrni co nd baof ni oia imbea^ail gan a rhapbab Id capcin mapcin 
ace mab an caen popccom pin. Po claraijepcaip a rhfnma laparh 6 pan- 
jaccap pccla cuicce ap a bapac co po ecc an capcin. 

Dala an gobepnopa po b'on pibe Dpfipcc i do lonnap lap mapbab a bpacap, 
1 po popconjaip pop a ploj aibrne cojla an caipceoil Do benarh leo Dup an 
ccaerhpaiccfp a ep^abail pop rhuincip ui ooinnaill bdcap ann. Oo ponab 
leo pom inDpin Do cpanTicainjel -\ Do cubaclaib na cceileb noe, -\ od jac 
aibme pangacap a Ifp bai ipm mamipcip. Oo paDca laparh pficfba bo-] Dam 
pop na haibmib pin Dia neaccaip. Ro puccca beop pocaba paof Dia pog- 
luapacc jup an Dunaib. T?o lionca.iapam Do laocpaib, -) Do Idcaib jaile, -[ 
DO paopaib 1 ppoittiDin cojla an baile. Ro cpencaippngfb leo an luiceac 
pin Id Dopcacca upcoppaij na hoibce co po puibijce he ppi huillinn an caip- 
ceoil, -) jabaic pop pcaoileab an muip lapccdin bdccap Dinib paoip ipin 
mbaile, -\ po jabpac ace blobab an balla po a nfpcomaip do biubpaccau a 



' Bore testimony, po coinjpioc, — In the Life 
of Hugh Roe O'Donnell the reading is : 

" Oup piccfc pianlac na pappuabapca hi 
Fpeacnapcup na placa (jep Ba 001I15 06 iB irip 
ap aiblSle a puapna) -[ ace piaoac arhait do 
pala 661b, 1 po coinjpfc uile oap cfno on 
cupaiD po jon capcin tnapcin na but ni nom 
bepao opp muna cupoao an caon popjgomh 
pm jenmocd curiiacca an coimoeaD. The 
soldiers of the ambuscade came in the presence 
of the chief (though it was difficult for them to 
do so, on account of the intensity of his anger), 
and they related how it happened with them; 
and they all testified, in behalf of the champion 
who had" [mortally] "wounded Captain Martin, 
that nothing could have saved him except that 
one thrust, except the power of the Lord." 

Here it will be observed that the language 
of the apology for Mac Devit is defective; for 
the cause of O'Donnell's anger was, not be- 
cause Felim Reagh had saved himself by killing 
Captain Martin, but because he had remained 
behind the decoying party, and thus prevented 



O'Donnell's ambuscade from cutting off the 
English pursuers. The apology should be thus 
worded : " And they all bore testimony, in behalf 
of Felim, that his horse was lame, and that he 
could not by any exertion have prevented him- 
self from being overtaken by the enemy in the 
manner in which he was, and they shewed that 
this was demonstrated by the imminent danger 
to which he was brought, for that no human 
calculation could have anticipated that he alone 
could have killed a warrior cased in armed mail, 
at the head of a fierce troop of cavalry, or even, 
if he could, that this would have caused so select 
a body of cavalry to run away from a single Irish 
horseman, leaving their captain's mortal wound 
unrevenged. O'Donnell, on considering that 
the laming of Mac Devit's horse was accidental, 
and that it could not have been prevented by 
any precaution, suppressed his anger; and his 
mind was much consoled on hearing of the death 
of the haughty young Englishman." 

'^ Crannchaingel, i.e. the latticed partition di- 
viding the chancel from the nave, in the abbey 



1.595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1981 

bore testimony' in behalf of Felim, [that hie horse was lame, which prevented' 
him from keeping up with his party, and] that there was nothing to have saved 
him from being slain by Captain Martin, excepting the one [chance] thrust ; 
but his anger afterwards subsided when news reached him on the next day 
that the Captain had died. 

As for th^ Governor, he was filled with anger and fury after the killing of 
his kinsman ; and he ordered his army to construct engines for demoUshing the 
castle, to see whether they could take it from O'Donnell's people who were in 
it. This they constructed of the crannchaingel"", and ol' the bed-chambers of 
the Culdees", and of other implements which they found befitting for the pur- 
pose in the monastery. They covered these engines on the outside with the 
hides of cows and oxen, and wheels were put under them to remove them to 
the fortress. They were afterwards filled with heroes, warriors, and artisans, 
lor the purpose of razing the castle. This mighty train" was drawn by them in 
the beginning of the night to the corner of the castle ; and they immediately 
proceeded to destroy the wall. At this time some artisans who were within 
the castle began to pull down the opposite wall, in order that the youths within 

church. " Cpanncainjel .1. cpanncliar icip ConnactK delectum h^bet : Midhienses praesi- 

laecaiB i cleipcib." — Corrnac^s Glossary. diarios, et equites Angloibernos recipit. Cum 

° Culdees Here the term c6ile oe is used to signis militaribus viginti quatuor Sligacham 

denote monks, or friars. obsidione vallatam oppugnat. VUigus Burkus 

° Mighty train. — The engines constructed by cum propugnatoribus egressus cum munition- 

Bingham on this occasion were called sows. Sir ibus acriter dimicat. Tandem ab oppugnatorum 

George Carew, in his Pacata Hihernia, vol. i. multitudine in arcem corapulsus, ex turribus, 

p. 124 (Dub. ed.), thus speaks of one of them : pinnis, fenestris, et reliquis munitionibus mis- 

" The castle, therefore, they besiege, and silia iaculando hostes arcet. Eegij muchum bel- 

placed an Engine, well known in this country, licttni" [muc cojaib] " machinamentum militi- 

called a sow, to the walls thereof, to supp the bus subter agentibus arcis muro admouent, 

same. But the Defendants did so well acquit murumque forare, & subruere incipiunt, Vlligus 

themselves in a sally, as* they tare the sow in magnse molis trabe funibus ligata ex arcis fas- 

peeces, made her cas«e/jer^!gr5, and slew twenty- tigio nunc dimissa, nunc in altum sublata viu- 

seven of them dead in the place." chum, & milites, qui sub eo latebant, conterit. 

P. O'SuUevan Bearc calls this machine, " mu- Odonellus obsessis auxilio veniens appropinquat. 
chum Bellicum," and describes this siege of the Binghamus fugit. In oppugnatione regij sex- 
castle ot Sligo briefly, but clearly and elegantly, centi milites obierunt. Arcem vero quod erat 
in the following words: tarn laboriosum, defendere, Odonellus demoli- 

" Neque Binghamus quidem dormit. Tomo- tnT."—Hist. Cathol. Jber. Compend., torn. .•?, lib. 3, 

ni», & Clanrickarda Comites Ibernos euocat : c. iv. fol. 140, 141. 



1982 awNata Rioghachca eiReawN. [1595. 

mbio6Ba6 00 na hoccaiB bacrap ifcij. Do cooap apaill ele Don bdpOa pop 
caiblib an DunaiD, "| po jabpar pop cealccab cdirleac ccuinijre, -\ cappacc 
ccfnDjapb poppa anuap gombcap miona inionbjiuire gac ni ppip a cconi- 
paiccip. CiajaiD cpa oponj ele Do luce an baile pop penepcpibh 1 pop 
poplepaib an caipceoil, -| gaba r pop Diiibpaccaoh a nubaill mealluaiDe, -\ 
a ccpom caop rceinncme poppa ^o po poipp5icc an pmllac bai ipna curhDai^- 
nb clapai^ Don cloicrpeap, -| Don Dian nDiubpaccab pin. Ni po puilngir lap 
na jallaib a ccpeccnuccaD ni baD mo, "| 6 net po peDpar nf Don Dunat>h po 
pajaibpfc a ccfjbaipi rognlca mir.p, ") poaic ina pppinng op lac beo^onca, 
-| pobcap buiDij Do pocrain a canmancc leo. bd cpdb'cpiDe lap an njobep- 
noip Sip RipDepD binjam nd caerhnaccaip a aincpibe Dimipc pop bapDaib an 
DunaiD, nd pop nac naon Do Tnuincip i»Dorhnaill, i impbiDij' pop a aip cap 
copppliab, cap mag naoi co painicc Roppcommain. Do beacaiDh 6 Domnaill 
lapam cap eipne, "] po leicc a albanaij^ nana lap ccabaipc a ccuapupcail 
Doib. UeiD cap a aip co plicceac co po bpipfb laip an caiplen Duaman gall 
Dm aiccpeabab. 

Uepoicc a bupc mac uaceip ciocaij, mic pfain, mic oiluepaip mic Sfam 
Do jabdil popbaipi pop bel leice, baile pin i mbapuncacc cipe harhaljaib hi 
cconnca'e maigeo, i bd hiao bapoa an gobepnopa bdccap anD. lap poccain 
na peel pin gup an njobepnoip, po popail pop a Deapbpacaip .1. capcm lohn 
bingam, ap capcin poal, ap capcm mennpi "] ap a mac uilliam buibe diuid 
co nDpuing moip Do baoinib uaiple ele a maiUe ppiu Dol Dpupcacc an baile 
CO Ion "] CO napmdil Dia paijib, "| piapiu pdinicc leo an bapDa Dpoipibm 
puaip cepoicc a bupc an baile. 'CiajaiDpiurii cap a naip po aicmela, 1 po 
gab cepoicc acca ccopaijeacc, accd ccpfjDab, "| acca ccimceallab agd 
mbuaibpeab, 1 accd mbdpuccab cap an caorhlaof co po pdccaibpioc Daofne, 
apm,"i eiDeab lomba. T?o mapbab laip an Id pin capcm poal, capcm mennpi, 
"] mac oibpeacca uilliam diuid, 1 pocaibe ele do paopclanDaib, 1 Do baop- 

P It preyed, literally, " It was anguish of heart of Kiluiore-Moy,-barony of Tirawley, and county 

to the Governor." of Mayo See Genealogies, Tribes, and Custovu of 

'^ Bel-leice, i. e. Mouth of the Ford of the Flag, Hy-Fiachrach, p. 480, and the map to the same 

translated os rupis, by P. O'Sullevan Beare in work. In an old map of parts of the coasts of 

Hist. Cathol. Iber., ^c, fol. 136, now Belleek, a Mayo, Sligo, and Donegal, preserved in the 

rocky ford on the River Moy, about a mile to State Papers' Office, London, this castle is shewn 

the north of the town of Ballina, in the parish under the name of "Ca: Bellecke," as ou the 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1983- 

might hurl the stones down on tlieir enemies. Some of the warders also 
ascended to the battlements of the castle, and proceeded to cast down massy 
flags and ponderous, rough rocks, which broke and shattered to pieces every 
thing on which they fell. Others within the castle went to the windows and 
loopholes, and commenced discharging leaden bullets and showers of fire upon 
them ; so that the soldiers who were in the wooden engines were bruised by 
that dropping of the stones, and by the incessant firing. The English did not 
remain to be wounded further ; and, finding that they could eifect nothing 
against the castle, they abandoned their wall-destroying domicile, and returned 
home, severely wounded, and glad to escape with their lives. It preyed" upon 
the heart of the Governor, Sir Richard Bingham, that he was not able to wreak 
his vengeance upon the warders of the fortress, or on any of O'Donnell's people. 
He returned back [homeward] across the Curlieus, and over Moy-Nai, [never . 
halting] until he arrived at Roscommon ; and O'Donnell [also] returned [home- 
ward] across the Erne, and discharged the Scots, having paid them their wages. 
He went back to Sligo, and demolished the castle, lest the English should 
inhabit it. 

Theobald Burke, the son of Walter Kittagh, son of John, son of Oliver, son 
of John, laid siege to Bel-leice**, a castle in the barony of Tirawley, in the county 
of Mayo, and it was then defended by the Governor's warders. When .the 
Governor received intelligence of this, he ordered his brother, Captain John 
Bingham, Captain Foar, Captain Mensi, the son of William Boy Tuite, with 
many other gentlemen, to go to the relief of the castle with provisions and arms ; 
but, before they could relieve the warders, Theobald had obtained possession 
of the castle. They then returned home in sorrow ; and Theobald went in 
pursuit of them, piercing, surrounding, disturbing, and slaying them throughout 
that fair day, so that tbey lost many men, [and much] arms and-armour. On 
this day he slew Captain Foal, Captain Mensi, and the son and heir of William 
Tuite, with many others, both of the gentlemen and common people, not enu- 

west side of the River Moy, a short distance to Dudus, i. e. Tiiite, an Anglo- Irishman ; by Hugh 

the north of the point where it receives the and William Mosten, the sons of an Englishman, 

River Brosnagh. by an Irish mother ; George Bingham, junior, 

' Foal. — P. O'SuUevan Beare calls him Fool- and Minche, who were Englishmen. — See Hist. 

lurtus, and states that he was accompanied by Cathol. Iber. Compend., torn. 3, lib. 2, c. xii. 



1984 aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReaNH. [1595. 

clanbaib ndc ciipirhreap. 6a do ropab fnsnarha, eiy^pomail, -\ aiceappm^ 
eolaif ]\o imnj jac a nDeachaiD ay Dib an Id pin. 

O Neill coiyipbealbac Imneac mac neill conallaij, mic aipr, niic cuinn 
mic enjii, mic eojain do ecc. 6d hepiDe aen ap mo pooeaplaic Dionnmapaib 
-] Deoqlaib Deiccpb, "] Dollarhnaib, "j Do lucr cumjfba neich Do ci^eapnabaib ^ 
Gpeann ina coirhpe, uaip po heppuaccpao uaiOpibe co minic po epinn Da 
jac aen bai la hiappaib nfic coibeacc ma Docom 1 ppeilib geine an coinnbe 
DO ponnpab, "] lap na rcnppaccain ni cfijfb aen po biomba uaba jan piap ; 
cijfpna ago mbiDip pocaibe ile pop a cuillme 1 pop a cuapuprol, cij^fpna 
po ba pocondig ppi pib, "] po ba comnapc ppi coccab conDup pala aofp, -j 
enipce Do, -| po hopoaigft) oibpe ina lonab Deic mbbabna pia na bdp ap an 
bpaplimenc po conjihab in dc cliac 1 namm na bainpiojna elipabech .1. Qob 
mac an pipbopca (.1. an bapun), mic cuinn mic cuinn, mic enpi, mic eoj;ain 
Dia po jaipfb lapla ap an bpapliminc pin. ba hanD acbac ua nell ipin ppar 
mbdn, 1 a abnacal in apD ppara. 

TTlag aengupa aob mac aoba, mic Dorhnaill oicc pfp a acapba po bab mo 
ainm ■] epbeapcup 1 ppiabnaipi gall 1 gaoibel epeann oecc 50 peacrnac. 

Coippbealbac mac bpiain mic Donnchaib, mic Donnchaib bacaij cijeapna 
copca baipcinn laprapraije, pfp po ba mop rfipc 1 ruapupccbdil ap puD 
epeann Do peip a arapba (uaip ni bai occa ace rpiuca ceD namd) Do ecc -| 
a mac rabcc caoc Do jabail a lonaiD. 

Remann na pccuab mac uillicc na ccfnD, mic RiocaipD mic uillicc cnuic 
cuaj Do ecc. 

• Superior knowledge, aireappai j eoljiip ~- of rent ; but it was provided that the sons of 

The word aiceappac, which is spelled aiciopac the late Shane O'Neill should have sufficient 

in O'Reilly's Dictionary, signifies craft, science, provisions allotted to them, and that Turlough 

or skill. [Luineach] should be continued Irish chieftain 

' An heir. — This is not exactly correct, for of Tyrone, with a right of superiority over Ma- 

the Parliament held at Dublin in 1585 only guire and O'Cahan. It appears from a patent, 

conceded to his rival, Hugh, the rank and title 20th Elizabeth, that the Queen had intended to 

of the Earldom of Tyrone, leaving the posses- create Turlough Luineach Earl of Clanoneill and 

sions to be annexed thereunto, to the pleasure Baron of Clogher ; but it is quite clear that this 

of her Majesty. In 1587 the Queen granted to patent was never perfected, as his son, Arthur, 

Hugh, by letters patent, under the great seal of who makes so conspicuous a figure in the great 

England, the Earldom of Tyrone, and the inhe- rebellion, was simply knight. There are still 

ritance annexed to it, without any reservation extant several Irish poems, addressed to Tur- 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1985 

merated ; and all who escaped did so by virtue of their prowess, valour, and 
superior knowledge'. 

O'Neill (Turlough Luineach, the son of Niall Conallagh, son of Art, son of 
Con, son of Henry, son of Owen) died. He had bestowed most wealth and 
riches upon the learned, the OUavs, and all those who sought gifts of [any of] 
the lords of Ireland in his time ; for he had often issued a proclamation through- 
out Ireland to all those who sought gifts, [inviting them] to come to him on 
the festivals of the nativity of our Lord ; and when they came, not one departed 
dissatisfied, or without being supplied. He was a lord who had many soldiers 
in his service for pay and wages, — a lord prosperous in peace, and powerful in 
war, until age and infirmity came upon him ; and an heir' had been appointed 
in his place, ten years before his death, at the parliament held in Dublin in the 
name of Queen Elizabeth, namely, Hugh (the son of Ferdorcha the Baron, son 
of Con, son of Con, son of Henry, son of Owen), who had been styled Earl at 
this parliament. O'Neill died at Strabane, and was interred at Ardstraw. 

Magennis (Hugh, the son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge), a man, of his 
patrimony", of greatest name and renown among the English and Irish of Ire- 
land, died penitently. 

Turlough, the son of Brian, son of Donough, son of Donough Bacagh [Mac 
Mahon], Lord of West Corca-Bhaiscinn", a man of great fame and character 
throughout Ireland, considering his patrimony, for he had but one cantred", 
died ; and his son, Teige Caech, took his place. 

Redmond-na-Scuab, son of Ulick-na-gCeann, son of Rickard, son of Ulick 
[Burke] of Cnoc-Tuagh, died. 

lough Luineach, inciting him to shake off the dient to the Queen of England. 
English yoke, and become monarch of Ireland " Of his patrimony, i. e. a man who was more 

like his ancestors, Niall Frasach, Niall of the famed and renowned than any Other chieftain of 

Nine Hostages, Con of the Hundred Battles, and equal territorial possessions in Ireland. This 

Tuathal Teachtmhar, whose lineal heir he is Irish idiom translates very awkwardly into 

stated to be, and whose example he is encou- English. 

raged to follow. But he was so old when he ' " West Corca-Bhaiscinn, now the barony of 

was made O'l^eill, that he seems to have then Moyarta, forming the south-west portion of the 

retained little military ardour to tread in the county of Clare. 

wake of his ancestors; and he was so much in * Cantred, cpioca ceo signifies a cantred, 

dread of the sons of Shane the Proud and of hundred, or barony, containing one hundred 

Hugh Earl of Tyrone, that he continued obe- and twenty quarters of land. 

11 U 



1986 aNNa('.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1595. 

O 5ct^^^"^<^'r ^'P Goin mac cuarail, pQi ]io ba6 mop ainm -| oi|iDfpcu|' 
05 ^allaib, "] ag gaoibelaib an ranyin do ecc .25. Qppil. 

ITlainipciji muineacain 1 noipgiallaib Do bfir ag jallaib an bliabainpi, -| 
banna pdigDiuip agd hiomcoirheD do jnac. T?ainic fgela uaca co hdr cliac 
CO mbarcap i rrfipce loin, lap nd cloiprecc pm Don lupcip Sip uilliam 
Ruppel, 1 Do Sip peon nopip po pupailpfr pe banna picfc pai^DiuipiDe do 
Shapcancoib "] Dfipenncoib co nDaofnib uaiple lomDa a maille ppiu do cop Id 
Ion 1 Id jac naiDilcce pangaccap alfp 50 miiineacan, -\ panjaccap pompa 
jan pdcuccaD gan ppicbeapc gup an mbaile, "] lap mbficin aohaij pin 1 mum- 
eacan Doib po cpiallpar imceacc ap a bapac Do 60I Don lubap. Qn can 
cpa panjaccap f6 bfcc 6 muineacan poip do pala mumcip uf neill Doib pop 
accionn. 5d hainmfn fpccaipDfmail an pia&uccaD puaippioc annpin uaip po 
j^abaD aja ccaiceam -] agd ccompuabaipc ajd mapboD, 1 ajd mubucchaD 
on cceceopa huaip pia mft)6n laf co pumfb nell nona co ndp bo hupupa pfoifi 
no dipfrh in po pdccbaD Do ifiuincip an lupcip ecip paop -| Daop,-] in po pdcc- 
baobeop Deacaib,-] DeiDf6 Dainnaib, ■) Diolpaobpaib, DeappaD.i Deoac uapal, 
DO caiplib, -] DO cliabaib loin m jac conaip po imcijpioc an Id pin. T?o 
j;aba6 poplonjpopc leo in lompocpaib on lubaip, -\ canjacap banDai ina 
ccomne on lubap ap maiDin ap nd mapac, -] pob fpba&ac uipbTpnac po baccap 
ace Dol jup an mbaile pin, -] ni po paoilpfc ag pdjbail ara cliac 50 ppuig- 
beDip a hionnarhail pm Diomapgoil in uUroib. Q mi man do ponpab do 
pfpaD an cpfpcomapc pin. 

Capcin pelli Duine uapal Do muinrip nabainpiojna qgd mboi uplarhiip -] 
lomcoirtieD a peapann on njobepnoip Do mapbaD i ccaiplen m aipcfn 1 ppiull la 
a mumcip pfm. 

O Domnaill Do cionol a ploij 1 mi Decembep Do Dol 1 ccoicceaD connacc. 
Clp 1 conaip DO luiD Do plicceac 50 cpdi^ neocuile, co cfp piacpach, "] capp 

'Sir John — In Ware's Annals of Ireland, and '■ A message, literally, " news or tidings." 

in Moryson's History of Ireland, he is called * For Newry P. O'Sullevan Beare gives a 

Sir Owen Mac Toole, which is tolerable ; but brief account of an engagement which took 

Cox calls him Sir Owen O'Toole, which is totally place about this period (but he does not give 

incorrect, though copied by all modern compi- the exact date), at the church of Kilolooney, 

lers. He was detained in prison for some years eight miles from Newry, where six hundred of 

by the bribe-accepting SirWilliam Fitz- William, the English party, and two hundred of the Irish, 

Lord- Deputy of Ireland. were slain. 



1595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1987 

O'Gallagher (Sir John'', the son of Tuathal), a man of great name and 
renown among the English and Irish of this time, died on the 25 th of April. 

The monastery of Monaghan in Oriel was this year in the possession of the 
English, and a company of ^soldiers constantly guarding it. A message'' from 
them reached Dublin that they were in want of provisions. When the Lord 
Justice, Sir William Russell, and Sir John Norris,' heard this, they ordered that 
twenty-six bands of English and Irish soldiers, together with many gentlemen, 
should be sent with provisions and all other necessaries to Monaghan. And 
these marched onward to the town without being noticed or opposed ; and, 
having remained that night in Monaghan, they prepared the next morning to 
set out for Newry*. When, however, they had gone a short distance from 
Monaghan eastward, they were met by O'Neill's people ; and ungentle and un- 
friendly was the salute they received there, for they [O'Neill's people] proceeded 
to shoot, strike, kill, and destroy them, [and the engagement lasted] from the 
fourth hour before noon until the dusk of the evening ; so that it would not be 
easy to reckon or enumerate all those of the people of the Lord Justice, both 
gentle and plebeian, who were lost, or the number of steeds, of coats of mail, 
of arras, of various weapons, of wares, of rich raiment, of horses, and "hampers 
of provisions, that were left on every road over which they passed on that day. ' 
They [i. e. the survivors] pitched a camp near Newry, and companies [of sol- 
diers] came for them the next morning ; and deficient and broken'' were they 
in going to that town. Little had they thought, when leaving Dublin, that 
they should receive such an attack in Ulster. This conflict took place in the 
month of May. 

Captain Felli, a gentleman of the Queen's people, who had the superinten- 
dence and care of the lands of the Governor [of Connaught], was treacherously 
slain in the castle of Aircin'' by his own people. 

In the month of December O'Donnell mustered an army to march into Con- 
naught. The route he took was to Sligo, Traigh-Eothuile, Tireragh, and across 

° Deficient and broken were they, pob f^babac then efFected, all the patents of West Connaught 

uipbfpnac po baccap. This should be, " de- were granted to be held as of "the Queen's 

ficient and broken were the companies." manor, or Castle of Arkyne." In Cromwell's 

■= Aircin — This castle stood at the village of time it was pulled down, and a large fort 

Killeany, on the Great Island of Aran, in the erected on its site See Ghorographkal De- 

bay of Galway. In 1585, on the composition scription of lar- Connaught, p. 78. 

11 u2 



1988 awHaca Rioghachca eiReawH. [1595. 

an muai6 co cfp namaljaba. bacap clann uiUmm bupc 1 pppicbeapr ppi a 
poile im cijeapnap an cfpe, uaip an Dap Id gac pfp Dfb bd no bd6ein po ba6 
ofp. 'Canjaccap pom uile po co5ai]im uf Doifinaill lap ccoibecc Do Don op 
po baof piom ajd pccpuDab ppi a corhaiplfchaib cm DiobpaiDe Dia nsoippeaD 
ciccfpna. Conab paip Do cmnpioc pa 6e6i& cijeapna Do jaipm do cepoirc ' 
a bupc mac uaceip ciocaij, mic Sfain mic oiluepaip, ap Dciij ap e Do Deachaib 
cuicce pium cecup mp nd lonnapbaD Do jallaib ap a Duchaij, "] po nnjeall 
porn DO CO noiongnaD a cobaip Dia ccaorhpab, "] po baof beop i cruile a aoipe 
ppi poimDin imnij i eccualatnj an coccaiD i mbaoi piurh. Ro jaipeab lapam 
a jaipm placa De i ppiabnaipi na ploj a ccoiccmne 56 po barrap apaill Dia 
cenel po ba pme, -] ba moa ap aof njapma indp. Oo paDOD jeill -\ aiccipe 
6 na bupcacaib oile baoi 1 ppit^beapc ppip poplairh repoicc mp na oiponeaD. 
Po aipip 6 Dorhnaill hi pann mec uillmm po noDlaicc mop na blmbna po 1 
mbapuncacc cille mfooin, -] ip na bpijib hi cclomn muipip. 

5ai apD lupcip na hepeanD .1. Sip uillmm Ruppel 1 nsaillirh in lonbaib pin. 
RoluaiDfD piorcdin 50 cfnD Dd mfop jan iippa&a gan dpac ecip ua noorhnaill 
-] connaccaij Do Ifir, "] an lupcip Don Ific ele ace pdccbdil na jaillrhe Do. 
Ml baof aon conncae hi cconnaccaib cenmocd conncae an cldip namd nd 
bdcap uile no Dponja Dipime ap jac conncae Dfb Daon pann ~\ Daon Ific Id 
hua nDoihnaill Don cup pin 6 opobaofp co conmaicne mapa, -| 6 miiaiD co 
pionainn. baccap ann Dna pfol cceallaij cenmocd concobap mac DonnchaiD 
pmbaij, mic caiDcc Duib uf ceallaij uaip po 5abaD laip pibe an calab ap 
pfpbopca mac ceallaij niic Dorhnaill, mic aeba na ccailleac uf ceallaij. Do 
coib cpa peapDopca gup an lion baf hi ccfnD uf Dorhnaill, "] po gaip 6 Dorhnaill 
cijeapnaDe. T?o eipjfccap pfol moDajain ipin ccoccab cceDna ace 6 maoa- 
jdm arhdin .1. Dorhnall mac peaain, ■) a mac Qnmcab. (-occap clann Remamn 

"* He: — In the original the verb is in the third and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 482. 
person plural, which destroys the unity of the ^ Gonmaicne-mara, now Connamara. 

sentence. ' The Callow, a castle in the barony ot' Kil- 

' Walter Kittagh, i. e. Walter the left-handed. conneU, and county of Galway. 

f CiU Meaclhoin, i. e. the middle church, now '' Hugh na gCailleach, i. e. Hugh of the nuns, 

the barony of Kilmaine, in the south of the or hags, 
county of Mayo. ' Except the 0' Madden. — It would appear from 

s Breen, a castle in the parish of Mayo, in the the Journal of Sir William Russell, Lord Deputy 

barony of Clanmaurice. — 8e.e Genealogies, Tribes, of Ireland, preserved in the British Museum, 



1.595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1989 

the Moy into Tirawley. The Clann- William Burke were at variance with each 
other concerning the lordship of the territory, each man of them [i. e. of the 
candidates] thinking that he himself was entitled to it. They all came at the 
summons of O'Donnell, on his arrival in the country ; and he consulted with 
his advisers as to which of them he would nominate lord ; he" finally decided 
upon nominating as lord Theobald Burke, son of Walter Kittagh', son of John, 
sou of Oliver, because he had been the first to come over to him after his ex- 
pulsion from his country by the English ; and he [O'Donnell] had promised to 
assist him, if in his power. Moreover, this Walter was in the bloom of youth, 
and able to endure the hardships and toils of the war in which they were 
engaged. His title of chief was conferred on him in the presence of the forces 
in general, although there were others of his tribe older and greater in point 
of dignity than he. Hostages and pledges were delivered into the hands of 
Theobald by the other Burkes who were in opposition, after his election. O'Don- 
nell remained with Mac William in the barony of Cill Meadhoin^ and at Brees^ 
in Clanmaurice, during the Christmas of this year. 

At this time Sir William Russell, the Chief Justiciary of Ireland, was at 
Galway ; and, on his leaving Galway, a peace of two months was proclaimed, 
but without pledges or hostages, between O'Donnell and the Connacians, on the 
one side, and the Lord Justice, on the other. There was not at this time any 
county in Connaught, excepting the county of Clare only, in which the inhabi- 
tants, or great numbers of them, had not joined and united with O'Donnell, from 
the Drowes to Conmaicne-mara", and from the Moy to the Shannon. Among 
them were the O'Kellys, excepting Conor, the son of Donough Reagh, son of 
Teige Duv O'Kelly; for he had (forcibly) taken the Callow' from Ferdorcha, 
the son of Kellagh, son of Donnell, son of Hugh na gCailleach" O'Kelly ; upon 
which Ferdorcha, with all his number [followers], went over to O'Donnell, who 
appointed him lord [of Hy-Many]. The O'M^ddens rose up in the same war, 
except the O'Madden' alone, namely, Donnell, the son of John, and his son, 

manuscript add. 4728, fol. 61,4, that the Lord as they perceaved iny Lord to approach neare, 

Deputy believed that O'Madden himself had they sett three of their houses on fire, which 

joined this rebellion, for his secretary writes : were adjoyninge to the Castle, apd made shott 

" O'Madden himself being gone out in action at vs out of the Castle, which hurt two of our 

of Rebellion, and had left a ward of his principle souldiers and a boye. And being sent to by my 

men in his castle" [of Cloghan], wlioe assoone Lord to yeild vpp the Castle to the Queene, 



1990 aNNQca Rioghachca eiReawN. [1595. 

na fcuap mic uillicc a biijic, -| an luce aDpub|iaTna]i 50 jio jabao -] co po 
bpipfo, mfliuc HI maDaccmn, Ufp acain,"] ujirhop Bailcfo na rfpe leo cenmoca 
an lonspopc. RqlomaD"! po leipfcpiopab cluain peapca bpenainn-] pojabab 
eppucc an baile leo. 6ai annpiDe eo^an Dub mac rhaoileaclainn bailb 
uf maoajain 6 cuair lupmaiji hi ccuma cdic. Oo cuap leo lapam cap pionainn 
1 noealbna 1 ppfpaib ceall, ") ace poab Doib rap a naip co bpu pionna 00 
caippngeab Oct banna paijDiuipibe bai ap 6pc»a i]pin nmbe ina nmprhoipeacc, 1 
nf piacc pabaD no paruccab pfinpa 50 piaccaoap jan piop ^an aipiiiccab co 
po labpac imon mbaile 1 mbdccap na pojlaba co po mapbab oponga Dibpibe 
im anmchaib mac maoileaclamn mooapba mic maoileaclainn mic bpfpail, -| 
im cobcac occ mac cobcaij uf maoagam. Uepnacap clann Remainn a bupc 
on mbpfipim pm co nuprhop a muinnpe amaille ppiu. 

Ro bpipeab Id hua nDomnaill Don cuaipc pm cpi caiplem Decc r>o caiple- 
naibconnacc. lap ccocc Dua Domnaill cap muaibcocfp piacpac pojaippibe 
ua Duboa do cabcc mac caiDcc piabaicch mic eojain, "| 6 li%pa piabac il- 
luijne. * * * -j TDac DonnchaiD cipe hoilella Do TTlhuipjfp caoc mac raibcc 
an cpiubaip, -] mac DonnchaiD an copainn Do RuDpaije mac aeba, "| mac 
DiapmaDa maije luipcc do concobap mac caiDcc mic DiapmaDa. Oo bfpc 
laip lapaiTi bpaijDe jac cipe gup a painicc 1 ngioll le comall, -] poaip cap a 
aip 50 pdinic cap eipne lap ccpiocnuccaD a cupaip. 

bpaijDe connacc uile (Dupmop) bacap.illdim 1 njailbm on njobepnoip 
Sip RipDepD biongam. peace ano Dia mbdccap mfp5ca mfpaijre lap nol 

' their answere was to Capten Thomas Lea, that ford, and county of Galway. — See it already 

if all that came in his Lordship's companie were mentioned at the years 1479 and 1557. 

Deputies, they would not yeild, but said they " Tir-athain, now angliee Tiran, a district in 

would trust to the strenght of their castle, and the parish of Killimor-BuUoge, in the barony 

hopedby to-morrowe that time that the Deputy of Longford. The district so called is now di- 

and his companie should stand in as great feare vided into several townlands. 

as they then were in; expecting, as if should ° Longphort, now Longford, a castle of consi- 

seeme, some aid to relieve them.".— See this derable strength lying in ruins in the parish of 

famous reply of O'Madden's people referred to Tirinescragh, in the barony of Longford, to 

in Brewer's Beauties of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 152 ; which it has given name. This was O'Madden's 

and Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, pp. 149, chief castle.— See Tribes and Customs of Hy- 

189; where the whole account of the siege is Many, p. 151. 

printed from Sir William Eussell's Journal. p The Sw/jop.— The , bishop of Clonfert at this 

"^ Meelick- 1- Madden, now Meelick, on the period was Stephen Kerovan, a native of the 

brink of the Shannon, in the barony of Long- town of Galway. He succeeded in 1582, and 



1.595.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1991 

Anmchadh. The sons of Redmond na-Scuab, son of Ulick Burke, and those we 
have mentioned, went and took and destroyed Meelick-I-Madden™, Tir-athain", 
and all the castles of the country, except Longphort". They plundered and 
totally devastated Clonfert-Brendan, and took the bishop'' of that town prisoner. 
Among the rest, on this occasion, was Owen Duv, the son of Melaghlin Balbh 
O'Madden, from the district of Lusmagh'. They afterwards proceeded across 
the Shannon, into Delvin and Fircall ; 'and, upon their retvirn to the banks of 
the Shannon, two companies of soldiers, who had been billeted in Meath, were 
drawn in pursuit of them'. These soldiers advanced unnoticed, until they had 
surrounded the castle [of Cloghan], in which the plunderers were, when they 
slew many of them, and, among the rest, Anmchadh', son of Melaghlin Moder, 
son of Melaghlin, son of Breasal [O'Madden] ; and Coffagh' Oge, the son of 
Coffagh O'Madden. The sons of Redmond Burke, with the greater part of 
their people along with them, escaped from conflict. 

On this occasion thirteen of the castles of Connaught were broken down 
by O'Donnell. After crossing the Moy into Tireragh, he conferred the title of 
O'Dowda upon Teige, the son of Teige Reagh, son of Owen, the O'Dowda ; in 
Leyny he nominated * * * the O'Hara Reagh ; and he appointed Maurice Caech, 
the son of Teige-an-Triubhais", the Mac Donough of Tirerrill; Rory, the son of 
Hugh, the Mac Donough of Corran ; and Conor, the son of Teige, the Mac 
Dermot of Moylurg. He took away hostages from every territory into which 
he had come, as a security for their fealty ; and he [then] returned home across 
the Erne, having terminated his expedition. 

The hostages of the greater part of the province of Connaught, who had 
been imprisoned in Galway by the Governor, Sir Richard Bingham, being in- 
died in 1 602. — See Harris's edition of Ware's ^Anmchadh In Sir William Russell's Jour- 
Bishops, p. 642. nal he is called " Ambrose Mac Molaghline 

'^ Lusmagh, now Lusma, a parish in the south Mottere O'Madden, of Clare-Madden, Gentle- 
of the King's County, adjoining the county of man." 

Tipperary, and bounded on the west by the ' Coffayh In Sir William Russell's Journal 

River Shannon. This was a part of O'Madden's he is called " Coheghe O'Madden of Clare- 
country of Sil-Anamchy, and still belongs to Madden." For a list of the chief men who were 
the diocese of Clonfert. slain or taken on this occasion, see Tribes and 

"• JJraim in pursuit of them These were in- Customs of Hy- Many, pp. 150, 131. 

duced to come into Fircall by some of Teige " Teige-an-Triuhhais, i. e. Thaddaeus or Timo- 

O'Molloy's people who were aiding the English, thy of the Trowse, or pantaloons. 



1992 aNNQf^a TJio^hachca emeaNW. [1596. 

piona ipn cceD riii Dpojifiap na bbabna fo co po iompdi6pioc fcoppa pfin 
eluoh ap in bppiopun i pabacap, i imceacc odip no Deiccean. lap ccinDeao 
na comaiple pin Doib Do cuippior a njlaip "] a nsfirhle Di'ob, -] barap noippi 
an baile epplaicce an can pin, -\ bd hionam ppoinmjce do cac i ccoiccinne 
uaip bd hupcopac oibce ann Do coibpioc capp an Dopup piap Don baile. Ro 
Tjabab an Dpoicfc poppa jup bo hficcfn Doib an abann aggapb DionnpaicciD 
po a nupcomaip, l bd anaompfcc baccap paibe ag pdgbdil na habann -\ aop 
nccbaib an baile mp nool cap Dpoicfc an baile ma ccorhaippcip, Ro mapbab 
CU1D DO lacaip, -| po hiompaiDfb an chid ele Diob gup an bppiopun op imn;^- 
foap. lap nDol do na pcelaib pin jiip an ngobepnoip, T?o cuip pibe pjpibenn 
50 5ailliiti Dia popconjpa jac aon po aoncaij elub Don cup pin a cpochab 
jan puipeac. Ro cpochab ap pupailfm an jobepnopa TTlac mec uilliam bupc 
.1. 6nnann mac RipofipD an lapainn, ITlac ui concobaip puaib * * * mic caibcc 
oicc Tinic caibcc buibe, mic cacail puaib TTlac rhec douid hobfpDmac Tioibfpo 
buibe, mic uilliam, mic comaip TTlupchab occ mac mupchaib na ccuaj mic 
raibcc uf plaicbfpcaij Oomnall moc Ruaibpi mic caibcc ui plairbfpcaij, ■] 
maoflip mac cfpoic, mic udceip paoa. 

aOlS CRIOSU, 1596. 
Qoip cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceo, nocac, a pe. 

TTlag capcaij mop Decc .1. Oorhnall, mac Dorhnaill, mic copbmaic labpai^ 
mic caibcc, 1 gep bo TTldg capcaij mop Do gaipci be po hoipDnfoh co Tionopac 
ma lapla piap an can pin he ap popconjpa ppionnpa pa;:an. Nf baof oibpe 

" Created Earl. — He was created Earl of Clan- English commissioners sent to treat with him : 
care [Clann Cdpcai^], and Baron of Valencia, "I keep a lacquay as noble as he. But let 

on the 4th of June, 1565. — See Cox's Hibemia him enjoy his honour; it is not worthy of 

Anglica7ia, vol. i. p. 320. Hooker says that O'Neale. I have indeed made peace with the 

when John or Shane O'Neill [Prince of Ulster, Queen at her desire ; but I have not forgotten 

as he styled himself] heard that Mac Carthy the royal dignity of my ancestors. Ulster was 

^lore had surrendered himself and his posses- theirs, and shall be mine. With the sword they 

sions to the Queen of England, that he had been won it ; with the sword I will maintain it." 
graciously received, his lands restored to him, It should be remarked, however, that Hooker 

to be held of English tenure, and that he him- is not to be depended upon in his report of 

self was created a lord of Parliament by the what Shane O'Neill said on this occasion ; for 

name of the Earl of Clancare, he said to some it appears from Shane's evidence in England 



1596.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1993 

toxicated and excited after drinking wine, plotted together in the month of 
August in this year to make their escape from the prison in which they were, 
by stratagem or force. This resolution being adopted by them, they knocked 
off their chains and fetters. This was in the early part of the night, while the 
gates of the town were still open ; and it was the time at which all in general 
were dining, for it was the beginning of the night, when they passed out through 
the gate of the town westward. The bridge was gained upon them, so that 
they were obhged to face the rough river which lay before them ; but, at the 
same time that ^they were leaving the river, the soldiers of the town, who had 
crossed the bridge, were ready to meet them. Somfe of them Avere slain on 
the spot, and others were turned back to the prison from which they had fled. 
When the news of this reached the Governor, he sent a writ to Galway, order- 
ing that all those who had consented to escape on this occasion should be 
hanged without delay ; and there were hanged by order of the Governor, 
namely, the son of Mac William Burke (Edmond, the son of Eichard-an-Iarainn); 
the son of O'Conor Koe, i. e. * * * ; the son of Teige Oge, son of Teige Boy, 
son of Cathal Roe ; the son of Mac David (Hubert, the son of Hubert Boy, 
son of William, son of Thomas); Murrough Oge, the son of Murrough of the 
Battle-axes, son of Teige O'Flaherty ; Donnell, the son of Rory, son of Teige 
O'Flaherty; and Myler, the son of Theobald, son of Walter Fada [Burke]. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1596. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand Jive hundred nimty-six. 

Mac Carthy More died, namely, Donnell, the son of Donnell, son of Cormac 
Ladhrach, son of Teige ; and although he was usually style'd Mac Carthy More, 
he had been honourably created Earl* by order of the Sovereign of England. 

that he was a man of astute mind ; and it is whom they had rendered the most servile tri- 

quite certain that he would not, when in boasting butes in Earl's beeves, and in " the damn'd . 

mood, have condescended to compare himself to exaction of coyn and liverie." There is a very 

the Earl ofClancare, who had but a few years pre- curious list of the rents and services rendered 

viously emerged from slavery, for it was not till to the Earls (of Desmond) by the Mac Carthys 

the year 1565, that he was emancipated from and others, preserved in the Carew Collection of 

the yoke of the EarLs of Desmond, whose vassals Manuscripts at Lambeth Palace, No. 617, p. 212. 

his ancestors had been for many centuries, to That this Earl of Clancare possessed but little of 

11 X 



1994 



awHata Rio^bachca eiReawH. 



[1596. 



pfp&a Dia eif no hoiyinpi&e ma lonab cenmoca aen injfn Do pala na mnaoi 
05 mac meg capraij piabaij .1. ace pin^m, -| po ha Doij la cdc jup bo hfpi&e 
po bob oiDpe ap an mdj capcaij pin acbac .1. DoriinalL 

TTlac puibne na rcuar eojan occ mac eoccain oicc mic eoccain mic Dorh- 
naill pfp coraccac coipbfpcac, na po ruill cdinpium, no capcoipne op o gab 



the heroism of his ancestor is quite evident from 
all that we know of his history; and one can 
hardly avoid ooncluding that he was a craven 
coward, from his submission to Sir Henry Sid- 
ney, beginning, " The most humble submission 
of the unworthy and most unnatural Earl of 
Clancahir, otherwise called Mac Carthy More, 
unto the Eight Honourable Sir Henry Sidney, 
Knight," preserved on Patent Roll, 13 Eliza- 
beth, and printed by Mr. Hardiman in his An- 
cient Irish Deeds {Transactions R. I. A., vol. xv. 
Antiquities, pp. 73, 74). But it should be borne 
in mind that since the death of the Red Earl of 
Ulster, in 1333, O'Neill's ancestors were not 
only free from all Anglo-Irish exactions, but 
that they compelled the English of the Pale to 
pay them " black rent." The comparison be- 
tween O'Neill and Mac Carthy is, therefore, a 
mere stupid joke of Hooker. It is, however, 
repeated by Leland, who has given many An- 
glo-Irish fables as true history. 

" Who could be installed. — Donnell, Earl of 
Clancare, had one natural son, Donnell, who 
usurped the name and title of Mac Carthy More ; 
but Fineen, or Florence, the youngest son of 
Donough Mac Carthy Reagh, who was married 
to Ellen, the only daughter of the Earl of 
Clann-Cartha, claimed the name and title of 
Mac Carthy More, and by the influence of the 
Earl of Tyrone he was established in that dig- 
nity. The writer oiCarhriwNotitia, already often 
referred to, after giving the pedigree of Mac 
Carthy More, has the following remarks upon 
the disputes between the different families of the 
Mac Carthys, about their respective rights to the 
headship in 1686, when this writer flourished : 



" By this pedigree it appears that Mac Carthy 
Reagh, in the person of O Donnell Gud, became 
a separate branch of this noble family in the 
time of Donnell More in Curragh, who probably 
gave them Carbry for their portion and inheri- 
tance ; and that Mac Donough did the like some 
time after and received their Estate in Duhal- 
low, from their father, Cormock Fune ; and that 
the Lords of Muskry more lately, in the person 
of Dermond More Muskry, became a distinct 
branch of this family, and were seated in Muskry 
by their father, Cormock mac Donell Oge. 

" It is likewise manifest that Donell, Earle of 
Clancar, dying without issue male, his daughter 
and heir was married to Florence Mac Donough 
Mac Carthy Reagh, whose pedigree shall follow 
more at large. By virtue of which marriage 
Florence claimed the name and title of Mac 
Carthy more, which Donell, naturall son of the 
deceased Earle of Clancar, had usurp'd ; and by 
the help of Tyrone, who was then come into 
Munster, he was establisht in that name and 
dignity, and his grandson and heir, Charles, is 
at this day ownd and stild Mac Carthymore. 
Nevertheless the followers of these great men 
doe often dispute which branch of this family is 
the principall, or chief of the Clancarthyes. 
Mac Carthymore alleages that he, having the 
title and name, and being likewise, by his grand- 
mother, heir to the last Earle of Clancar, ought 
to be acknowledged chief without dispute. 

" To this the others Answere, that by the 
father's side (which is chiefly regarded in Ire- 
land), he is younger son of Mac Carty Reagh, 
and ought not to exalt himselfe above the Chief 
of his house. That an Irish title and name must 



1596.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1995 



There was no male heir who could be installed* in his, place, [or any heir], 
except one daughter [Ellen], who was the wife of the son of Mac Carthy Reagh, 
i. e. Fineen ; and all thought that he was the heir of the deceased Mac Carthy, 
i. e. Donnell. 

Mac Sweeny-na-dTuath (Owen Oge", the son of Owen Oge, son of Owen, 
son of Donnell), an influential and generous man, who had never incurred 



be goveme'd by the Irish Law of Tanistry, 
which, like the royal Law Salique in France, 
will not admit women to inherit estates and 
principalities, — suitable to the Law of Entailes 
in England, which excludes this very Mac Car- 
tymore from being Earle of Clancar, tho' he be 
his heire at Common Lawe ; neither had Tyrone 
any legall power in Munster to conferr the title 
of Mac Cartymore on any body that had not 
just right to it. 

" Mac Carty Eeagh alleages that he is the 
eldest branch of this noble family, which, by 
the Law of Tanistry, ought to be preferred; 
that he is a degree nearer of kin to the com- 
mon ancestor, Donell More in Cnrragh, King of 
Cork" [recte, Desmond] " than any of the pre- 
tenders ; that Carbry is an antienter princi- 
pality than either Muskry or Duhallow ; and 
that Mac Cartymore is a younger brother of his 
house. 

" But the lords of Muskry say that because 
Mac Carty Eeagh is the Eldest branch of this 
family, that is, the first that separated from the 
common stock, he is therefore excluded from 
the inheritance till all the later branches are 
lopt of by death ; for the Tanistry respects the 
age and meritt, yet designs only impotent age ; 
and, therefore, a man's vncle thatt be Tanist, 
but not his great grand vncle if alive; and soe 
by the Law of England, a brother shall be pre- 
ferred before an unckle, and an unckle before a 
great unckle; soe that by both Laws the nearest 
of kin to him that was last seizd shall be his 
heir, and the Lords of Muskry are the undoubted 

11 



heirs male to Cormock Mac DanieU Oge, Prince 
of Desmond, and to all his ancestors, even to 
DoneU More in Curragh, from whom Mac Carty 
Eeagh descends; and they deny any difference 
in their degrees of kindred to the said Don§ll 
More ; and if there were it matters not, since a 
man's grandson and heir ought to be preferred 
before his second son. As for the antiquity of 
Carbry, it prooves nothing in this dispute ; and 
as for the relation between Mac Cartymore and 
Mac Carty Eeagh, whatsoever it may argue 
amongst themselves, tis nothing to a third per- 
son ; and, therefore, they conclude the Crown of 
England has done them justice in giving, or ra- 
ther restoring, to them the stile and title of 
Earle of Clancarthy. 

" But, be this as it will, my province leads me 
to the particular pedigree of Mac Carty Eeagh, 
who were lords of this great territory of Carbry, ' 
and had the greatest chief rents out of it that 
was paid out of any seigniory in Ireland, insoe 
much that the Mac Cartyes have been stiled 
Princes of Carbry, as well in many antient his- 
torys and records, as in his severaU letters Pat- 
tents from the Kings of England. I begin with 
Donnell Gud, because I have already shewn his 
pedigree upward to Calahane of Cashell, King 
of Munster." He then gives Mac Carthy Eeagh's 
pedigree down to his own time, 1686. 

There is a very curious tract, on the subject 
of this dispute between the Mac Carthys, pre- 
served in the Carew Collection of Manuscripts 
at Lambeth, No. 601, p. 241, entitled: "Flo- 
rence Mac Cartie's Eeasons to prove that the 
X2 



1996 aHNaf,a Rioishachca emeaNH. [1596. 

ceatiDup a c]iice co 16 a eicyiocca pfp caicmeac conjaipeac t)ea]ilaicceac 
oaonnaccac corhnapc ppi cocuccab qjmuji pyn hionnpaijiD co mbuaib cceille 
-] ccorhai|ile ppi pi6, "] ppi pococca6 do ecc 26. lanuaiiii, "] mac a 6rpb]iarap 
.1. rnaolmuipe mac mupchai6 rtiaill 00 ^abail a lonaiD. 

O Raijillij .1. Sfan puab mac ao6a conallaig mic maoflmopoa mic Sfain 
DO ecc, -| 56 DO hopoaijfD maille 16 compopfipion a hucc na bainpfojan 
achaiD piap an can pm ciccfpnap a Duicce pfin Do bfir 05 gac aon Do pliocc 
rhaoflmopDa 111 RaijiUij po jaip ua neill ao6 mac pipoopca o paijillij do 
pilip mac aoDa conallaij pop an mbpeipne uile, ~[ nfop bo cianpaojlac pom 
lap rijaipm cijeapna De uaip po mapbaD pia ccionn Ifr paire 50 cfgrhaipeac 
la muincip ui neill (lap po hoipDneab eipium)i po jaipeaD 6 paijillijj Demann 
mac maoflmopDa pinnpeap an Dei cijeapna pfitipaice. 

TTiac lapla Dfpmurhan Decc .j. comap mac Semaip, mic Sfain mic comdip 
Dpoicic aca. 

Uepoic mac piapaip mic emainn buicelep njeapna cacpac Diiin lapccoi^, 
-] rpfna cliiana meala Do ecc. pfp Deaplaicceach Duap mop po ba mo Duan- 
aipe Dpionnjallaib epeann Dupitiop eipibe "] a mac comap Do jabdil a lonaio. 

TTiaj eocaccdin .1. mall mac Roppa mic connla Decc. 

Remann mac jeapailc cijeapna cuaice bpocaill do bdpuccan 1 ccopcaij 
cpe cioncaib a Dibeipcce in ajhaiD jail. 

Qn can cpa po piDip an lupcip, "] comaiple na hGpeann calmacc -) com- 
napc na ngaoiDeal ina naghaiD, ~\ gac aen Do paopacc 50 pomamaijre Doib 
ba&ein piap an can pin aj Dol Daofn Ific ppip na jaoiDelaib perhpaice ina 
najhaiD, bd pf comaiple appicc leo cecca Do cop do paijiD ui neill, -| uf Dorh- 
naill DO cuin^iD pio6a 1 caoncompaic poppa, bd piaD po cojaD pp,i hiom- 

Earl of Clancare's land ought to descend to ■= Gathair-Duna-Iascaigh, now Cahir, a well- 
Ellen, his [Florence's] wife." known town in the county of Tipperary. — See 

' John Roe. — This was Sir John O'Reilly. — note ^ under the year 1559, p- 1570, »upra. 

See note ^ under the year 1583, p. 1804, «M/)ra. * Trian-Chluana-meala, i. e. Clonniel-third. 

" Descendants ofMaelmora — See note ", under This was the name of the barony of Iffa and 

the year 1583, p. 1809, supra. Offa East, in the south-east of the county of 

'' Edmond, the son ofMaehnora.— See note °, Tipperary. — See note ", under the year -1559, 

under the year 1583, p. 1806. p. 1570, supra. 

" Thomas of Drogheda, i. e. who was executed ' Tuath-Brothaill, i. e. the district of Broghill. 

at Drogheda — See note *, under the year 1468, This is still the name of a manor, with a castle, 

p. 1050, -ivpra. near Charleville, in the north of the county of 



. 1596.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1997 

reproach or censure from the time that he assumed the chieftainship of his ter- 
ritory to the day of his death ; a sumptuous, warlike, humane, and bounteous 
man ; puissant to sustain, and brave to make the attack ; with the gift of good 
sense and counsel in peace and war ; died on the 26th of Januar}' ; and his 
brother's son, Mulmurry, the son of Murrough Mall, took his place. 

O'Reilly, i. e. John Roe", the son of Hugh Conallagh, son of Maelmora, son 
of John, died. And though, by a composition made some time anterior to this 
period, by the Queen's authority, it was ordained that each of the descendants 
of Maelmora^ O'Reilly should [exclusively] possess the lordship of his own 
territory, yet O'Neill (Hugh, the son of Ferdorcha) nominated Philip, son of 
Hugh, the O'Reilly over all Breifny ; but he did not live long after being styled 
Lord, for he was accidentally slain by O'Neill's people (by whom he had been 
inaugurated); and [then] Edmond, the son of Maelmora", who was senior to 
the other two lords, was styled the O'Reilly. 

The son of the Earl of Desmond died, namely, Thomas, the son of James, 
son of John, son of Thomas of Drogheda". 

Theobald, the son of Pierce, son of Edmond Butler, Lord of Cathair-Duna- 
lascaigh"" and Trian-Chluana-ineala", died. He was a liberal and bounteous 
man, and had the largest collection of poetical compositions of almost all the • 
old English of Ireland ; and his son, Thomas, took his place. 

Mageoghegan, i. e. Niall, the son of Rossa, son of Conla, died. 

Redmond Fitzgerald, Lord of Tuath-Brothaill', was executed at Cork, for 
his crimes of insurrection against the English. 

When the Lord Justice and the -Coimcil of Ireland saw the bravery and 
power of the Irish against them, and that all those who had previously been 
obedient to themselves were now joining the aforesaid Irish against them, they 
came to the resolution of sending ambassadors to O'Neill and O'Donnell, to 
request*^ peace and tranquillity from them. The persons selected for negociating 

Cork. — See Smith's Natural and Civil History arras in this country, was well pleased at any 

of Cork, book ii. c. 6. Roger Boyle, the third prospect of composing the vexatious broils of 

son of Richard, Earl of Cork, took the title of Ireland." And he adds that O'Neill, "having 

Baron from this place. — 3 Car. I. discovered the real weakness of his enemy, de- 

f To request — Leland says, book iv. c. 4, that termined to recommence hostilities without the 

" the Queen, now principally attentive to the slightest regard to promises or treaties, which 

affairs of France, and the progress of the Spanish he considered as mere temporary expedients." 



1998 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1596. 

luab naicifcc fcoppa .1. comap buinlep lapla upmuman,'-] aipDeappocc caipil 
maolmuipe majcpaic. Rainicc lapla upmurhan 50 cpaij baile, -] aipipip 
annpfin,-] po pai'6 a ceacca 50 hua neill Dia aipnfip do na copcca ima rcdinicc. 
Paiom ua neill na pccela ceona oionnpaijib uf oorhnaiU. Oo 6616 ua Dorhnaill 
Di'piTTi mapcplojj gohaipm 1 mbaof ua neill, rmjac DiBlmib co pocaipo muip- 
remne. Cccnaic an cmpla, 1 an raipoeppocc Dia paijiD Qc perpac 00 na 
plairnb in roipcc ima rcanjoccap .1. 5up ab do cuinjiD pfoba do Deacaccap, 
-| ac pecpac na corhaoa po cinjeall an lupcip .1. DilpiucchaD coicciD concobaip 
Doibpiorh genmora an mbloib ci'pe pil 6 Diin Deal^an co boinn m po aicc- 
peabpar 501II 6 cfjn maip pmp an can pin,-| po jeallpac ppip pin net ciopcaip 
501II poppa cap copainn cenmocac na 501II bciccap hi ccappaicc pfp5upa hi 
ccdiplinD, -] 1 niubap cinncpaja Do leicceD ppi cpeic "] conpaDh do pfop, -] nd 
leiccpi&e maoip no luce cobaij ciopa no cana Dm paiccib ace an ciop do 
pacca pop a pinnpeapaib (peace piarh) do lobnacal Doibpium co hdc cliac, 
1 nd cumgibpe jeill no eiccipe oppa ace inab pin, 1 do bepca an cceDna Do 
na jaoibelaib accpace hi ccommbdib ui Domnaill hi ccoicceab connacc. Do 
coib cpa 6 neill, -| 6 Dorhnaill, -] 1 mbaeap ina ppappab Do riiaicib an coiccib 
DO pccpuDob a ccorhaiple irn na haicfpccaib pm do bpfca cuca, -\ lap mbfic 
achaib poDa Doibpibe -| Do na maieib apcfna ace popaicrhfc an po cojaera 
Id gallaib 6 do piaceaeap epinn Id bpecccinjeallcoib nd po corhailleab ooib 
iDip, -| an Uon do beacacap Doibfbaib anaipce Dia naipeacaib Dia nuaiplib, 
1 DO paopclanoaib poicenelcoib cen ndc cuccaic icip, ace Do jaicc a nar- 
apba popaib, l?o imecclaijpioe co mop co nd comaillpe ppiu an po cinjeallab 

s Mvlmurry Magrath.—Ue wrote his own Dundalk, in the county of Louth — See note ', 

name "Milerus Magrath." He was of the Ma- under the year 1595, p. 1967, snpra. 

graths of Termon- Magrath, on the borders of ' To request a peace "A mean solicitation on 

the counties of Donegal and Fermanagh. He the part of government to Tyrone." — Leland. 
was a Franciscan friar, and had been appointed ^ The province of Conchobhar, i. e. of Ulster, 

Bishop of Down by Pope Pius V. ; but after- which in Conchobhar Mac Nessa's time extended 

\frards, embracing the Protestant religion, he to the Boyne. 
was, in 1570, promoted to the bishopric of ' Stewards, i. e. sheriffs. 
Clogher, and soon afterwards elevated to the ^ They feared. — This fear on the part of the 

archbishopric of Cashel, which he governed for Irish arose from the practises of the Marshal 

forty- two years. — See Harris's edition of Ware's Bagnal, who was doing all in his power to ruin 

Bishops, pp. 206, 483. O'Neill and the Irish chieftains of Ulster. When 

Faughard-Muirtheimne, now Faughard, near O'Neill saw that it was impossible to remove 



1.596.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1999 

between them were Thomas Butler, Earl of Ormond, and Mulmurry Magrath^, 
Archbishop of Cashel. The Earl of Ormond repaired to Traigh-Bhaile [Dim- 
dalk], and there halted ; and he sent his messengers to O'Neill, to inform him 
of the purport of his coming ; upon which O'Neill sent the same intelligence to 
O'Donnell ; and O'Donnell came to the place where O'Neill was, with a body of 
cavalry, [and] both set out for Faughard-Muirtheimne". Here the Earl and the 
Archbishop came to meet them. They stated to the chiefs the object of their 
embassy, namely, to request a peace' ; and they stated the rewards promised by 
the Lord Justice, namely, the appropriation to them of the province of Concho- 
bhar", except the tract of country extending from Dundalk to the River Boyne, 
in which the English had dwelt long before that time. They promised, more- 
over, that the English should not encroach upon them beyond the boundary, 
excepting those who were in Carfickfergus, Carlingford, and Newry, who were 
at all times permitted to deal and traffic ; that no stewards' or collectors of 
rents or tributes should be sent among them, but that the rents which had been 
some time before upon their ancestors should be forwarded by them to Dublin ; 
that beyond this no hostages or pledges would be required ; and that the Irish 
in the province of Connaught, who had risen up in alliance with O'Donnell, 
should have-privileges similar to these. O'Neill, O'Donnell, and all the chiefs 
of the province who were then along with them, went into council upon those 
conditions which were brought to them' ; and, having reflected for a long time 
upon the many that had been ruined by the English", since their arrival in Ire- 
land, by specious promises, which they had not performed, and the numbers of 
the Irish high-born princes, gentlemen, and chieftains, who came to preijiature 
deaths without any reason at aU, except to rob them of their patrimonies, they 
feared" very much that what was [then] promised would not be fulfilled to them ; 

the Marshal, or to enjoy peace, or do any ser- Lord General were ever just and honorable, but 
vice by which he could distinguish himself had been fatally counteracted by the Deputy : 
whilst Bagnal was Marshal of Ulster, he refused and as Sir John Norris was speedily to be re- 
to meet her Majesty's Commissioners, stating by moved from his command, and the grievances of 
letter, that "he could not attend the Commis- the Northerns to be submitted to a new Chief 
sioners with safety or with honour; that he had Governor, whose principles and character were 
little hope of any performance of articles, as he entirely unknown, he had the less reason to ex- 
had been already deceived by confiding in the pect an equitable conclusion." — Leiand's Hisiory 
Queen's officers ; that the intentions of the of Ireland, book iv. c. 4. 



2000 aNNa^.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1596. 

t>6ib cornD paip Deiyi6 leo p6 beoib an cpf6 po eimjfo. Ro aipnfibfioc mparh 
in aicff cc Don lapla, 1 Do c6i6 piDe co bar cliar do pai ji6 an luprif "1 na 
corhaijile, -| ac pec Doib a Diulcab imon pir, "] a ppfccpa 6 na jaoiDelaib. Ro 
cuip an nipcip 1 an corhaiple ceacca 50 8a;:aib' Do paijm na bainpiojan 
Davpnfip a peel DipiDe coniD ano po cfpD pi lolap nDaoine 50 hepinn co na 
naibniib cecra leo co nap bo luiija olodcr pice mfle a Won oaop cuapupcail, 
-| Dampoib po barcap in uppaicill coccaiD Do jaoioealaib. Ro cfcclaimaD 
lapam ploicceab Idn inop la senepal coccaiD na bainpiojan in Gpinn .1. Sip 
loVin nopip Do Dol i ccoicceaD connacr ap oaij in po eipijh 1 cconibaioh 
coccaiD na njaoiDel Di'ob do cfnnpucchaD. 'Caimcc lapla cloinne piocaipo 
.1. Uillecc mac RiocaipD Shaccpanaij, mic nillicc na ccenn co lion a poc- 
paicce ina ccionol. Udnaicc rpa lapla'CiiaDmurhan .1. DonnchaD mac con- 
cobaip, mic DonnchaiD uf bpiain co na pocpaicce on moDh cceDna. ^anja- 
ccap cpa Dponja Dipime nach aipirhceap cenmoracpaibe. Qcc cfna acbepar 
apoile na po cionoileab ppi pe cian Daimpip in epinn pop peilb an ppionnpa 
pamail Don rpluaijeab ipin ap lionmaipe a lepcionoil, ap allmupbacc n ap 
longjnaire a ninnill, "| a neccoipcc. lap ccoppaccain Doib pein uile 50 liaon 
boile .1. 50 hoc luain do paijib an j5enepala loccap lapam co Ropcomain, ") 
1 ccorhpocpaib mainipcpe na buille lapccain"] o na puaippioc connaccaij pop 
a ccionn ann pin aitiail po paoilpior, lompaiD cap a naip piap hi pann ITiheic 
uilliam 50 cionnlaca, -\ 50 maijin 50 po jabpac campa compaipping la raob 
abann T?obba. 

Qn can po bacap an cpocpaicce Ian mop ace comaicfm cocc an Dii pin, 
Ro p^ib TTlac uilliam bupc cepoicc, a cecca 50 liUa nDorhnaill Dia cuin^ioli 
paip coibecc Dia poipicm, nip bo paillijcech po ppeccpab inopin la hua nDom- 
naill uaip pob eplam eipibe do cecc 1 ccoieceab mfbba piapiu pangaccap r.a 
ceacca Dm paijib. Scpiobcap licpe, -] pcpibfnna uaba 50 gaoibelaib coiccm 
olneccmacc Dia popcongpa poppa coibecc ina bocom 50 hionao epodlca bai 
poppan econaip Do paijib lonjpopc an jenepala Sip lohn nopip,-] do beachaib 
bubfin hi ecfnn cpfoa co na ploj laip cap eipne, cap Sliccec, lam bC]" ppi 

" His haviTig been refused the peace. — An Eng- « Ceann-lacha, i. e. the Head of the Lake, now 

lish writer would say : " he informed the Lord Kinlough, a townland in the parish of Shrule, 

Deputy and the Council of the answer given by in the barony of Kilmaine, and county of Mayo, 

the Irish, and how they had rejected his pro- It is so called from its situation at the head or 

posals for a peace." extremity of Lough Corrib. 



1596.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2001 

so that they finally resolved upon rejecting the peace. They communicated 
their decision to the Earl, who proceeded to Dublin to the Lord Justice and 
the Council, and related to them his having been refused the peace", and the 
answer he had received from the Irish. The Lord Justice and Council sent 
messengers to England to the Queen, to tell her the news ; so that she then 
sent a great number of men to Ireland, with the necessary arms. Their number 
was no less than twenty thousand ; and they were composed of mercenaries 
and [native] soldiers. A great hosting was mustered by the Queen's general 
of war in Ireland, namely. Sir John Norris, to proceed into the province of 
Connaught, in order to reduce all those who had risen up in the confederation 
of the Irish in the war. The Earl of Clanrickard, i. e. Uhck, the son of Rickard 
Saxonagh, son of Ulick na gCeann, came to join his levy with all his forces. 
The Earl of Thomond, i. e. Donough, the son of Conor, son of Donough O'Brien, 
came likewise with his forces ; and also many others besides them, not enume- 
rated, came to join him. In short, some say that no army like this had for a 
long time before been mustered in that part of Ireland possessed by the Sove- 
reign [of England], in the numbers of the muster, the exotic and strange cha- 
racter of their equipment and appearance. When all these had come together 
at Athlone to meet the General, they then proceeded to Roscommon, and after- 
wards to the vicinity of the monastery of Boyle ; but, not finding the Conna- 
cians there before them, as they had expected, they returned back, and marched 
towards the territory of Mac William, to Ceann-lacha°, and to Maighin", and 
pitched a spacious camp on the brink of the River Robe. 

When this great army was threatening to come to this place, Mac William 
Burke (Theobald) sent his messengers to O'Donnell, requesting of him to come 
to his relief Not negligently did O'Donnell respond to this [request], for he 
had been prepared to proceed into the province of Meave [Connaught] before 
the messengers arrived. He sent letters and writings to the Irish of the pro- 
vince of Olnegmacht [Connaught], to request of them to meet him at a certain 
place on the road, leading to the camp of the General, Sir John Norris ; and he 
himself set out on his journey with his army across the Erne and the Sligo, 

^Maighin, now Moyne, a townland containing Mayo.— See Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of 
the ruins of a church and castle, in the parish Hij-Fiachrach, p. 494, and the map to the same 
of Shrule, barony ©f Kilmaine, and county of work. 

11 Y 



2002 aHwaca Rio^hachca eiKeaww. [1596. 

fpuib pleibe jarh cpe luigne,-] C]ie cyiich jailfnj. Uangacap rpa jaoibil an 
C01CC16 jan lompuipeac pon cojaipm ipin. Uanaicc ann ceciip bpian occ 
(.1. o puaipc) mac bpiain mic bpiain mic Gogain uf piiaipc. Udnaic ann 6 con- 
cobaip puab, 6 ceallaijh, ITiac Diapmaca nmije luipcc. Uangacap ann an Oct 
rhac Donnchaib, an odUa fshpa, -| ua Duboa. lap croppaccain na ngaoibeal 
pin CO haic naen baile, ni po hanaD leo 50 po jabpac lon5popc pop lonchaib 
Sip lohn nopip Don caob apaill Don Pobba ceDna. 

l?o bai lomaicigiDh fcoppa anonn 1 anall arhail bi6 ppi pioh -| ppi caip- 
Dine, 1 ni'p bo hfo on lap ppi'p, ace bd do bpac 1 raipcelab 1 Do cabaipr 
bpeicce imo poile Dia ccaornparcafp. Qipipicu achaib arhlaib pin ajhaib 1 
nashaib co ccaipmc a loince Do na jallaib conab e m po chinnpioc Deipje an 
puipc 1 mbdccap 6 nd po curhamspioc ni do na gaoibealaib. Oo jnfacc 
pamlaib "] Do coib ati genepal 50 gaillirti, appibe 50 baile dra luain, "| po 
pdccaib paijDiuipi hi ccunga, 1 map an cceDna 1 njaiUirh, i mbaile ach an 
pio^, ipin mullach mop ua maine, bi ccill conaill 1 mbel aca na pluai^eab i 
Ropp cortidin, hi ccuillpji, -] 1 mainipcip na biiille. 

Ua concobaip pliji^ Do recc in epmn co ngallaib lomba laip h\ ppojmap 
na bliabna po. 

Oo cuipfb Sip RipDepD bionjam co na bpaicpib a cumaccaib coiccib con- 
nacc, 1 puccab laDpibe co hac cliac, -| do cuipic appaibe 50 Sa;coib 1 po 
cuipeab neach ele ba pfpp map ina lonao 1 njobepnopacc coiccib connacc 
.1. Sip Conepp clipopc a comainm. 6d pfp ciobnaicce peD -] maoine do ^al- 
laib 1 DO gaoibelaib eipib&, 1 ni rainicc do jallaib 1 nGpinn ip na Dfibfncoib 
necb ba pfpp indp. lap rcocr do co hoc cliac po bai aj comcpuinniuccab 
Daoine "| ace uipcpiall apmdla do bul hi cconnaccaib. Oo coib lapam co 
lion ploij, 1 pocaibe co baile aca luam, "] Do ["ccaoil a banoaba i ccampa -| 
hi ppoplongpopc ap bailcib 6 maine, "] cloinne RiocaipD .1. gaiUirTi, baile dca 
an pioj, an mullac mop, conja, -] an Ificinnpi. ■ Oo coccap oponj mop Do 
rhairib coiccib connacc Do paijib an jobepnopa, 1 do jabpac laip po Ddij a 
allab 1 a dpD cuapupccbala. T?o ba Dibpibe 6 concobaip puab .1. Qob mac 
coippbealbaij puaib,"| mac Diapmaca .1. concobap,"] po naiDmpioc a ccapacc- 
pab ppi p. » 

'^ Brian Oge — Charles O'Conor adds iu the ^ Mullaghmore-Iiy-Many, now Mullaghmore, 
margin that this Brian Oge was the son of near Mount-Bellew. This castle is now a heap 
Brian-na-Murtha. of ruins See Tribes and Customs of Uy-Many, 



1596.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2003 

keeping the stream of Sliabh-Gamh on the right, through Leyny and the terri- 
tory of Gaileanga. The Irish of tlie province came at the summons to meet 
him ; and, first of all, O'Rourke (Brian Oge**, the son of Brian, son of Brian, son 
of Owen) ; thither came O'Conor Roe, O'Kelly, Mac Dermot of Moylurg ; thither 
came the two Mac Donoughs, the two O'Haras, and O'Dowda. When these 
Irish came together at one place, they made no delay until they pitched their 
camp, confronting Sir John Norris, on the opposite side of the same River Robe. 

There was a communication between them on both sides, as if through 
peace and friendship ; but this, in truth, was not so, but to spy, circumvent, and 
decoy each other, if they could. Thus they remained, face to face, until the- 
English had exhausted their provisions ; and the resolution they came to was, 
to leave the camp in which they were, as they could not do any service upon 
the Irish. They [accordingly] did so ; and the General proceeded to Galway, 
and from thence to Athlone ; having left soldiers in Cong, Galway, Athenry, 
MuUaghmore-Hy-Many"', Kilconnell, Balhnasloe, Roscommon, Tulsk, and the 
monastery of Boyle. 

In the autumn of this year O'Conor Sligo returned to Ireland with a great 
number of Englishmen. 

Sir Richard Bingham and his relatives were deprived of their power in the 
province of Connaught ; and they were brought to Dublin, and sent off from 
thence to England ; and a far better man than he was appointed in his place to 
the governorship of Connaught, by name Sir Conyers Chfford. He was a dis- 
tributor of wealth and jewels upon the English and Irish ; and there came not 
of the English into Ireland, in latter times, a better man than he. On his arrival 
in Dublin, he proceeded to muster men and arms, to proceed into Connaught. 
He afterwards marched, with the entire of his troops and forces, to Athlone, and 
distributed his companies in camps and fortresses among the towns of Hy-Many 
and Clanrickard, namely, Galway, Athenry, MuUaghmore, Cong, and Lehinch'. 
A great number of the chiefs of the province of Connaught repaired to the 
Governor, and adhered to him, on account of his fame and high renown. Among 
these were O'Conor Roe, i. e. Hugh, the son of Turlough Roe, and Mac Dermot, 
i. e. Conor, who formed a league of friendship with him. 

note , p. 18. mon, barony of Kilmaine, and county of Mayo 

^ Lehinch, a castle in the parisli of Kilcom- See note ^ under th^year 1412, p. 811, supra. 

11 Y 2 



2004 awNata Rio^hachca eiReaNH. [1596. 

O concobaip Slijij cpa mp rrocc Do a Sa;coib co he|iinTi ]\o ^aibpDe 05 
cfnDf ucca6 Connacc amail af ofch po pfo a hucc gall, 1 ]io jabpar clann 
nDonnchaiD cuile muine laip. 5af beoy^ baile an niocaij ap a cuma]". Ro 
^abpac map an cceona muinnp Qipc laip, iiaip ba hiaiopiOe popcap caipipi 
Dpiop a lonaio do jpep,-] popcap paoflij Dia pocrain Dia paijiD,-] po lionpac 
Duaill, ■] DO bfotnap, -| po jabpacc ace bai j -\ ace bajap ap cenel cconaill. 

O Doriinaill ona 6c cualaij pi6e popccaD an pcceoil pm, 1 a noolporh 
1 ccombonb jail ina ajaib, ni po aipip ppi cecclamaD ploij cenmoca arhpai^ 
1 aep cuapupcail 1 do caeD lapam cap Slicceach piap 50 Ropp 01 pec an 
popcap caipipi la hUa econcobaip in gach Du 1 mbaccap 1 nDminpaib,l 1 
nDpoibelaib Damjne an ope co nd po paceaib mil nmnile leo, -\ ni po cpeacli 
ace laopom noma, je po coiecill Doib co mime pfime ap a nDinnime 1 ap a 
nofpoile 50 pop bpopc a mbpiacpa Diumpaca, ~\ a naincpibe na po peDpac Do 
Dicleic Ua Dorhnaill Dia nopjain an can pm. 

Concobap, mac caiDj, mie concobaip ui bpiam o bel ara an comhpaic do 
Dol pop Dibfipcc 1 pop pojail, uaip baipiDhe, 1 Dponj Do cloinD cpichigh 
amaille ppip ap lonnapboDh o na nacapDa apaon la jaomealaib an cuaip- 
eeipc, -\ cainic ina mfnmam poccainDia ccip, "] appeaD loccap Do cloinn T?io- 
caipD, DO Shleb eccje,-] Dioccap clomne cuilem. T?o bap ma Ifnmam o gach 
cfp Do cip CO po gabaD Concobap pa DeoiDh ap in ecoill moip, "| puecaD e hi 
ccfnD an ppepiDenp ipin ceeD mi Dpojmap Do ponnpaD, 1 po bapaijeoD he 
1 ccopcaig ap cepma na Saitina. 

UaDcc, mac coippbealbaij, mic Donnchaib, mic concobaip ui bpiain (lap 
mbfic pe poDa pop pojail) Do jabail 1 mbuicilepachaib, -] a bapuccab cpe 
comaiple lapla uprhurhan. 

• Ctd-tnuine — This is the present Irish name See note ', under the year 1589, p. 1879, supra. 

of Collooney, in the barony of Tirerrill, and " Sliabh-Echtghe, now Slieve Aughty, a large 

county of Sligo ; but it is more usually called mountainous district on the confines of the 

Cul-Maoile, or Cuil-Maoile, in these Annals — counties of Clare and Galway. See it already 

See the years 1291, 1526, 1586, 1601. mentioned at the years 1263, 1570, 1572, 1578. 

" The 0' Harts.— These were seated in the ^ The lower part.— This phraseology of the 

north of the barony of Carbury, in the county Four Masters is different from the present local 

of Sligo, between Grange and Bunduff, and op- use of the word loccap, lower, which means 

posite the island of Inishmurry. that part of the county next the Lower Shannon. 

" Bel-atha-an-chomhraic, nowBallycorick, near » CoiU-mhor.— There are several places of this 

the town of Clare, in the county of Clare.— name in Munstcr ; but as Conor O'Brien was 



1596.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2005 

O'Conor Sligo, after his return from England, proceeded, on behalf of the 
English, to reduce Connaught ; and he was joined by the Clann-Donough of 
Cul-muine', and he had also Ballymote in his power. The O'llarts" also ad- 
hered to him, for they had always been faithful to the man who held his place ; 
and they rejoiced at his arrival, and were filled with pride and arrogance, and 
began to defy and threaten the Kinel-Connell. 

When O'Donnell heard this fact rumoured, and that these people had joined 
the English against him, he did not wait to muster an army, except his soldiers 
and mercenaries, and proceeded westward across the [River] Sligo, and plun- 
dered all those who paid obedience to O'Conor, wherever they were, [even 
those] in the wilds and fast recesses of the country ; so that he did not leave a 
single head of cattle among them. He plundered but these only ; and though 
he had often spared them on former occasions, on account of their littleness and 
insignificance, yet their own haughty words and animosity, which they were 
unable to repress, provoked O'Donnell to plunder them on this occasion. 

Conor, the son of Teige, son of Conor O'Brien, of Bel-atha-an-chomhraic", 
went into insurrection, and began to plunder; for he, together with a party of 
the Clann-Sheehy, having been expelled from their patrimonies, were along 
with the Irish of the north. It came into their minds to return to their own 
territory ; and they passed through Clanrickard, by Sliabh-Echtghe" and the 
lower part" of Clann-Cuilein. They were pursued from territory to territory, 
until Conor was at last taken in the Wood of Coill-mhor^ and brought before 
the President in the first month of autumn ; and he was hanged at Cork in the 
[ensuing] November" Term. 

Teige, the son of Turlough% son of Donough^ son of Conor O'Brien, after 
having been along time engaged in plundering, was taken in the country of the 
Butlers, and executed by advice of the Earl of Ormond. 

executed at Cork, it looks very likely that he O'Brien, third Earl of Thomond, and was 

was taken at Coill-mhor, a celebrated haunt of hanged in 1581. 

insurgents, near Charleville, in the north of the " Donouffh.—Ue was the second Earl of Tho- 

county of Cork — See it already mentioned at mond. This Earl Donough left three sons, 

the years 1579, 1580, 1581, 1582. viz., Conor, his successor; Turlough, who was 

^November Term, i. e. Michaelmas Term, as it hanged in 1581 ; and Teige, who, according to 

is called by the lawyers. Duald Mac Firbis, had three celebrated sons, 

• Turlough — He was the brother of Conor viz., 1, Col. Dermot, surnamed the good; 2, 



2006 aNNQ^LQ Rio^hachca eiReaww. [1597. 

Uaicne, mac Rubpaije oicc, mic l?u6pai^e caofc, mic conuill ui Tno|i6a Do 
bfich ina ouine uapal hi ccfpDaib coccaiD an can fa, -| laoijip Do Ifipi^ccpiop 
laip ecip lor, apbayi, -] aicuiccao co net baof enni ipin cfp o ^lap gfca no 
boDuin ainac nach baoi pop a cuniap. l?o mapbao Dna laip Duine uapal Do 
Shajcancoib bai hi ppdobaile laoijipi aja paibe blab mop Don cip a huj- 
Doppdp an ppionnpa .1. Copbi mac maijipcip ppauup a ainm. 

Clann emainn an calaiD, mic Semaip, mic piapaip puaiD mic Semiiip, mic 
emainn mic RipofipD buicilep Do Dol pop pojail beop cpe lomcnur le hiapla 
iipmuman, -] a nacaip emann an calaib do jabail cpe na ccioncaibpiDe. 

Gmann, mac RipDfipo, mic Piapaip puaib do gabail map an cceDna. 

piacha mac Qoba, mic Sfain o ^lionn maoi'lujpa do bfic 05 milleab laigfn 
-) mibe an can pa. 

aOlS CRIOSC, 1597. 

Qoip Cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceo, nochac, a peachc. 

Ua Domnaill Qob puab, mac Qoba, mic rTlagnapa do bfic 1 ppoplonspopc 
) mbpeipne connacc ppi pliab Da en anoip on can po hoipccfb pamminncip 

'furlough, who attended the Parliament held at was refused. On the 19th of May, Cosby, hear- 

Dublin in 1585 ; and 3, Col. Murtough O'Brien, ing that the O'Mores were on the march, headed 

who was living in 1664. The Editor is of opi- his kerne, and proceeded to defend the bridge, 

nion that this Col. Murtough was the father of taking with him his eldest son, Francis, who 

Donnell Spaineach, the ancestor of Terence was married a year before to Helena Harpole, of 

O'Brien of Glencolumbkille, notwithstanding Shrule, by whom he had a son, William, born 

the evidence of the manuscript pedigree already but nine weeks before this fatal battle of the 

quoted at p. 1834, A. D. 1585. bridge. Dorcas Sydney (for she would never 

" A gentleman of the English. — This was Alex- allow herself to be called Cosby), and her 

ander, third son of Francis Cosby. Francis, daughter-in-law, placed themselves at a window 

Alexander's eldest son, was also slain on this of the abbey, to see the fight, and for some time 

occasion— See note ^ under the year 1580, beheld their husbands bravely maintaining their 

p. 1739, supra. Mr. Hardiman has given the ground. At length Alexander Cosby, as he was 

following account of the conflict between Oweny pressing forward, was shot, and dropped down 

O'More and the Cosbies, from an original MS. dead. Upon this his kerne, with melancholy 

which belonged to the late Admiral Cosby : and mournful outcries, began to give way ; and 

" In the year 1 596, Owny Mac Rory O'More,'; Francis Cosby, the son, apprehensive of being 

[ex •] " Chieftain of Leix, demanded a passage for abandoned, endeavoured to save himself by leap- 

his men over Stradbally bridge, and the request, ing over the bridge, but the moment he cleared 

being considered as a formal challenge to fight, the battlements he was also shot, and fell dead 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2007 

Owny, son of Rury Oge, son of Rury Caech, son of Connell O'More, was at 
this time a gentleman [skilled] in the arts of war; and Leix was totally ravaged 
by him, both its crops, corn, and dwellings, so that there was nothing in the 
territory outside the lock of a gate or a bawn which was not in his power. He 
slew a gentleman of the English^ who was [seated] at Stradbally-Leix, who 
possessed a large portion" of the territory by authority of the Sovereign, namely, 
[Alexander] Cosby, the son of Master Frauus'. 

The sons of Edmond of Caladh, son of James, son of Pierce Roe, son of 
James, son of Edmond, son of Richard Butler, also turned out to plunder, in 
consequence of their animosity towards the Earl of Ormond ; and their father, 
Edmond of Caladh, was taken prisoner for their crimes. 

Edmond, the son of Richard, son of Pierce Roe [Butler], was also taken 
prisoner. 

At this time Fiagh, the son of Hugh, son of John [O'Byrne], from Glen- 
malure, was plundering Leinster and Meath^ 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1597. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred ninetj/seven. 

O'Donnell (Hugh Roe, the son of Hugh, son of Manus) encamped in Breifny 
of Connaught^ to the east of Sliabh-da-en, after having plundered, as we have 

into the river, &c. &c. The feuds between the Cosby family in its possessions." — Irish Mia- 

O'Mores and Cosbies still raged with violence, strelsy, vol. ii. p. 165. 

The infant" [William] " having died, Richard "" A large portion The Cosby Manuscript, 

Cosby succeeded to the estate, and became leader quoted by Mr. Hardiman, states that the Cosbys 

of the kerne. Eager to revenge the deaths of at one time possessed half the Queen's County, 

his father and brother, he challenged the O'Mores and a township over. 

to fight a pitched battle. They met in 1606, in ^ Master Frauus, rnaijipcip Fpa"! This is 

the glen of Aghnahely, under the rock of Duna- a mere error of transcription, for "ITlaij^ipcip 

niase, and the engagement was the most bloody ppancif ." 

ever fought between these rivals. After a long f Meath. — P. O'Sullevan Beare gives an ac- 

and doubtful conflict, fortune declared in favour count of several engagements which took place 

of Cosby. The O'Mores were defeated, with about this period between O'Neill and the Eng- 

cousiderable loss, and seventeen of the principal lish, in the neighbourhood of Armagh, but 

of the clan lay dead on the field. The revolu- without any minute chronology. 

tions of the seventeenth century completed the « Breifny ofConnaught, le. Breifny O'Kourke, 

destruction of the O'Mores, but confirmed the or the present county of Leitrhn, so called to 



2008 awNata Rioshachca eiReaNN, [1597- 

uf concobaip laip amail jiemebepcniap. Ro bafpoe 05 epnaije a f ocpairce, 
1 a coichercal Do bpfic paip ay jac aiprn 1 mbdccap -] lap crecclamab Doib 
t)ia paijib 1 nDfipea6lanuapB appeab lorrap 1 rcpioca ceo ua noilella,appai6e 
oon copann, cpe rhacaipe connacc, hi ccloinn conmaigh hi ccpich maine. lap 
rrocc 00 1 nfmipnifbon Ua maine po Ificc ]-cceirTielca pcpiobluaca ua6 pa 
ruaic an calaib, -| pa uaccap na cipe,-) Do bepcpac bcS raince lomDa,-] cpfca 
corhaiDble leo hi ccoinne ui Doriinaill 50 baile dra an pioj,"] ge po pobaippioc 
an bapoa an baile do bapDacc nfp bo copba Doib an cmnpccfcral iiaip po 
cuippioc muincip ui Doriinaill reinnce -\ cfnodla ppi Doipyib DaingOi nounca 
an baile, 1 cuccpac DpfimipfDa Dioriiopa Dia paicciD, q po cuippioc ppip na 
mupaib mo 50 nofchpac pop caiblib an riiuip. l?o linjpioc laparii Do na 
raiblib 50 mbacap pop ppaiDibh an baile,-] po epplaicpioc na Doippi Don luce 
bacap imuij. ^abaicc laparii pop cojail na rcijfb ccaipccfba, -| na ccejDap 
ppoipiaca CO puccpac eipcib ma imbaof inDib Dionnmapaib, "] oeDalaib. 
Qipipic m aDhaij pin ipin mbaile hi pm. Nip bo poDaing piorii no aipfrii ma 
puccaD Duriia, -) Diapann Deoach -| oupaoh ap in mbaile pin ap na mapach. ba 
hap an mbaile ceona pin po Ificc pccfiriiealra uaD Dapccain cloinne piocaipD 
ap gach caob Dabamn. l?o leipcpeachab, -] po lainmDpeaD lap na pceriiel- 
roibh pin o Ifchpaic 50 ma^ pfncoriilab. Ro loipcceab, "] po lomaipcceab lap 
an ccuiD eile Di'b 6 baile [uca] an pfoj 1 6 paic goippjin piap 50 pinn mil, 50 
mfbpaiDe, -] 50 oopup na jaillriie. Ro loipcceab leo r:C^h bpijhoe 1 nDopup 
ppaippi na saillitie. Oo ponab popab, 1 paplonjpopc la hua nDoriinaill co 
na plo5aib in aohaij pin enp uapdn mop -| jaillirii ag cloich an linpigh Do 

distinguish it from Breifny O'Reilly, or the ' Rath- Goirr gin, i. e. the Eath of Goirrgin, 

present county of Cavan, which was at this pe- one of the chiefs of the Firbolgs, who flourished 

riod a part of Ulster. here in the first century. It was anciently 

'' Caladh, now Callow, a district comprised called Aileach Goirrgin. The name Eath Goirr- 
principally in the barony of Kilconnell, in the ginn is still retained, and is anglicised Rath- 
county of Galway. — See map to Tribes and Ctis- gorgon, which is applied to a townland in the 
toms of Hy-Many, parish of Kilconerin, barony of Athenry, and 

' Leathrath, now Laragh, a townland contain- county of Galway. It contains a moat, which 

ing the ruins of a castle in the parish of Kilimor- was originally surrounded with a fosse, and the 

Daly, and about six miles north-east of the ruins of a castle of considerable extent, 

town of Athenry, in the county of Galway. "" Rinn-Mil, i. e. the point or promontory of 

* Magh-Seanchomhladh, i. e. the Plain of the Mil, one of the Firbolgic tribe called Clann- 

old Gate. This name is now obsolete. - Uathmoir. The name is now pronounced in 



1597-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2009 

said before, the faithful people of O'Conor. He was awaiting [the arrival of] 
his forces and muster from every quarter where they were ; and when they 
had all assembled, which was at the end of the month of January, they marched 
into the territory of Tirerrill, from thence into Corran, through Machaire-Chon- 
nacht, and into Clann-Conway and Hy-Many. Having reached the very centre 
of Hy-Many, he sent forth swift-moving marauding parties through the district 
of Caladh\ and the upper part of the territory ; and they, carried off many herds 
of cows and other preys to O'Donnell, to the town of Athenry ; and though the 
warders of the town attempted- to defend it, the effort was of no avail to them, 
for O'Donnell's people applied fires and flames to the strongly-closed gates of 
the town, and carried to them great ladders, and, placing them against the 
walls, they \recte, some of them] ascended to the parapets of the wall. They 
then leaped from the parapets, and gained the streets of the town, and opened 
the gates for those who were outside. They [all] then proceeded to demolish 
the storehouses and the strong habitations ; and they carried away allr the goods 
and valuables that were in them. They remained that night in the town. It 
was not easy to enumerate or reckon the quantities of copper, iron, clothes, 
and habiliments, which they carried away from the town on the following day. 
From the same town he sent forth marauding parties to plunder Clanrickard, 
on both sides of the river ; and these marauders totally plundered and ravaged 
[the tract of country] from Leathrath' to Magh-Seanchomhladh". The remaining 
part of his army burned and ravaged [the territory], from the town of Athenry 
and Rath-Goirrgin' westwards to Rinn-j\Iil" and Meadhraige", and to the gates 
of Galway, and burned Teagh-Brighde", at the military gate of Galway. 
U'Donnell pitched his camp for that night between Uaran-raor'' and Galway, 

Irish, Rinn mil, and anglicised Rinvile. It is a p. 42. 

townland in the parish of Oranraore, not far from " Teagh-Brighde, i. e. St. Bridget's house. This, 

the town of Galway ; and there is a castle in which was otherwise called St. Bridget's Hos- 

ruins in the western part of this townland, said pital, was situated on the east side of the town 

to have belonged to the family of Athy. of Galway. It was built by the Corporation in 

° Mead/iraighe, now anglice Maaree, a penin- 1542. — Sec ChorograjMccd Description of lar- 

sula extending about five miles into the bay of Comiang/it, p. 40. 

Galway, to the south of the town. It is exactly p Uaran-mor, i.e. the great well, or cold 

coextensive with the parish of Ballynacourty. — spring, now Oranmore, a considerable village. 

See map to Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, and situated at the head of one of the arms into 

Chorographical Description of lar-Connaught, which the upper end of the bay of Galway 

11 Z 



2010 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1597. 

y'onnpab. Oo rafo 6 DOTtinaill ap na rhajiach 50 mainiyTip an cmiic 1 noopuf 
na ^aillme, -] po bai lomairijiO ua6 50 luce an baile aj cuinjiD cpfice -| 
cfnnaighecca a nepyiab neccparhail, ■] a neojab nua^al pop apaill Do na 
cpfchaib. Qppeab po chinn mparh p66 cap a my, -\ munbab cpoma na 
rcionol cpeach, lomac na naipccneab, 1 aioble na heoala po bab D015 na 
Vianpao Don pfim fin 50 jopc mnfi juaipe bi ccenel ao6a na heccge. Luib 
ua Doriinaill co na plojaib -| co na ccpeacaib leo cpe cfpclap coicciD connacc 
hi pppicmj na conaipe ceona, -] nf pO aipip 50 po jab lonjpopr hi ccalpaije 
ppi Slicceach anoip, -\ po paoib a jiollanpaib, 1 a aep Diaipm la apaill Dia 
cpeachaib cap Sarhaoip bab cuaib. 

" Oala 111 concobaip pliccij (oonnchab mac cacail oicc) po cfcclamab ploj 
Ian mop laip Do ^allaib ■) Do jaoibelaib jap bfcc lap ppeil bpi^De do cocc 
50 Slicceach. 

O Domnaill cpa baipioe hi ccalpaije (amail pemebepcmap) hi ppoicill 
poppa 1 do bfpc ammup pop ploj uf concobaip pia piu panjacap 50 Slicceach. 
Nf po hanab ppippibe iDip, accmab uacab cappcap do beipeab an cploij 
05 cpaig neocuile, joncap, bcticcfp laopaibe. Ro mapbab ann mac meic 
mlliam bupc .1. mac RipDfipD mac oiluepaip, ijiic Sfain, 1 Dponj oile nac 
aipirhcfp cenmocapoTTi. Do cafo ua concobaip pop ccula, -| nip bo plan laip 
a mfnma im coibecc an cupap pm. Uanaic cpct Ua Domnaill Dia C15T1, ~\ po 
Ificc pccaoileab Dia ploijaibh Do leccab a pccfpi Doicle a naipcip imchfin. 
-\ po paccaib a ampa -\ a aep cuapupcail 1 ccoicceab connachc 1 nuppaicill 
coccaiD ui concobaip "| na njall baccap laip, -| mall japb mac cuinn, mic an 
calbai^ ui Domnaill 1 ccofpijecc poppa. Ro jabpac pem pop inDpeab ■) 
aibmilleab na njaoibelcuac po' fipgfccap 1 ccommbaib ui concobaip "| na 
njall 50 ccapopac pop ccula do pibipi Dpong mop bib im ITlhac Diapmaca 
Concobap coipech maije luipcc, -\ puccab eipibe do pai^ib ui Domhnaill 50 
nofpna a muincfpup ppip an oapa pecc,-| co ccapac a piap ()6. Do ponpar 

branches. On the shore of the bay are the ruins the Hill, or Knock Abbey, 
of Oranmore castle, erected by the Earls of Clan- ^ Gori-insi-Guaire, i.e. the town of Gort, in 

rickard, now attached to the residence of Mr. the territory of Kinelea-of-Slieve Aughtee, or 

"'*l^e. O'Shaughnessy's country See it already men- 

'^ Cloch-an-Lingsigh, i. e. Lynch's stone, or tioned at the years 1571, 1573. 
stone house, or castle. This name is now obsolete. ' Calry, a parish in the barony of Carbury, 

' Mainistir-an-chnuk, i. e. the Monastery of lying between Glencar and Lough Gill, to the 



1597.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2011 

precisely at Cloch-an-Lingsigh''. On the following day O'Donuell proceeded 
to Mainistir-an-chnuic", at the gate of Galway, and communicated with the inha- 
bitants of the town, requesting traffic and sale of their various wares and ricli 
raiment for some of the preys. He then resolved upon returning back; and were 
it not for the burden of the collected preys, the multiplicity of the plunders, and 
the vastness of the spoil, it is certain that he would have not stopped on that route 
until he had gone to Gorfinnsi-Guaire' in Kinel-Aedha-na-hEchtge. O'Donnell, 
with his forces and their preys, returned by the same road, through the very mid- 
dle of the province of Connaught, and never halted until he pitched his camp in 
Calry', to the east of Sligo; and he sent his calones and the unarmed part of his 
people to convey some of the preys northward, across the Kiver Samhaoir". 

As for O'Conor Sligo (Donough, the son of Cathal Oge), he mustered a 
numerous army of English and Irish troops, a short time after the festival of 
St. Bridget", to march to Sligo. .« ^tuona onm\ii)\., cx/ , 

O'Donnell, as we have already mfentifcfned, was in Calry, in readiness to meet 

them ; and he made an attack upon the army of O'Conor before they could 

reach Sligo. None of O'Conor's army waited to resist him, excepting a few in 

the rear, who were overtaken at Traigh-Eothaile. These were wounded or 

drowned ; and the son of Mac William Burke, namely, the son of Richard, son 

of Oliver, son of John, and many others not enumerated, were slain. O'Conor 

returned back ; and he was not happy in his mind for having gone on that 

expedition. O'Donnell also returned home, and dismissed his tribes, that they 

might rest themselves after their long expedition ; and he left his soldiers and 

hirelings in Connaught, under the command of Niall Garv, the son of Con, son 

of Calvagh O'Donnell, to carry on war against O'Conor and the English people 

who were along with him. These proceeded to plunder and destroy the Irish 

tribes who had risen up in confederacy with O'Conor and the English ; so that 

they won over a great number of them [to the Irish side] again, and, among 

others, Mac Dermot (Conor), Chief of Moylurg, who was brought before 

O'Donnell, and formed a league of friendship with him a second time, and gave 
* -% 

east of the town of Sligo. This district was See Keating's Hist, of Ireland, Haliday's edition, 

anciently called Calraighe Laithim. — See map p. 168 ; and O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 3. 
to Genealogies, Tribes, ^c, of Hy-Fiachrach. " The festival of ST. Bridget. — This falls on the 

" Samhaoir, an old name of the River Erne 1 st of February. 

11 z2 



2012 a;i7aNNaf,a Rio^hachca emeawN. [1597. 

;;ofpi5 na ccuac baoaji ppi coippi'liab a main an cceona, -| oo pacrpar a 
njeill, 1 a naiccipe oUa Dorhnaill. 

Ceicpe baiyiille, -| pechr ppicic baipille puoaip t)o recc on mbainpiojain 
50 hac cliac hi mi mdpra oo pai^ib a muinnnipe. lap ccop an puoaip hi 
ccfp po caippnjfo 6 co ppaiD an pi'ona co mbaof uile in aen lonaoh ap 50c 
raeb Don rppaiD, 1 Do oeachaiD aoibel cfinCD ipm bpuoap. Ni pfp cpd an 
DO nirh, pd a calmain cainic an Splanjc hfpin, ace cfna po rheabaib na baipil- 
leba ina naen bpeo lappac 1 luamamcimfD an 13 do rhdpca oo ponnpaD, co 
po coccbab cuipce cloc,-| curiiDaijce cpoinn na ppdicce Da pporaib pulaing, 
-| Da bpopDaohaib congmala ip in aep foapbuap co mbfob an cpail pi'ofpoDa, 
1 an cloc cian cuini^ce, "| an Duine ina eccopcc coppapba pop poluarhain 
ipin peep op cfiiD an baile la rumnpiurh an cpen puoaip conac eioip pforh, 
aipfrh, no aipnfip an po milleab Do baoinib onopca, Daep gacha cfipoe, Do 
ihnaib, DO rhaijofnaib, oo clannaib Daofne uapal ciccfo ap jach aipo oeipinn 
no Denam pojlama Don cacpaij. Nip bo oarhna eccaoine an po rmlleaD 
nop, no Daipjfcc, no 00 pomaoine paojalca in aicpecchaO in po millean -| in 
po muDaijVienD Do Daoinib lap an copamnclfp pin. Nip bo hi an cppdiD pm 
amain po Dioraiccheab oon cup pm, ace an cfrpaime pa nfpa Di oon carpaijh 
ceona. 

Ua concobaip Donnchab mac cacail oicc Do clnjal caipofpa, -| capacc- 
pCtb ecip a cliarham (mac mec uilliam bupc) .1. repoicc na long mac Rip- 
ofipD an lapainn, mic oduio, mic Gmainn, "] gobepnoip coiccin connacc .1. Sip 
Conepp clipopc. lap noenarh a ccoDai^^ pe poile ooib Do cappainj cepoinc 
<«n gobepnoip *] bannaba coicciD connacc 1 cn'p amalgaba, "] hi pann meic 
uilliam 50 po harcuipfoh, 1 50 po hionnapbab leo TTlac uilliam (cepoicc muc 
uaceip ciocaij mic SCam, mic oiluepaip) app a arapba hi ccfno uf bomnaill- 
t?o lomab -| po Ifippccpiopan leo gac aen ppip a mbaoi a pann -] a capaccpan 
ipin ci'p Dia eip. Ro jab an cfp Don cup pin la cepoirr na long T] lap an 

^ Wirui-iitreet, npw Winetavern-street. Harris the. city." — Histori/ of the City of Dtiblin, f. 321. 
notices the ignition of this powder, under the ' Placed on both sides of the street, literally, 

year 1596, thus : " After the putting of the powder to land, it 

" A. D. 1596. A great quantity of gunpowder was drawn to the street of the wine, so that it 

being landed at the Wood-quay, to be conveyed was all in one place on both sides of the street." 
to the Castle of Dublin, by accident took fire on ' To OWonnell. — This is a strange idiom. The 

the 11th of March, and did great damage to meaning is that they expelled him from his ter- 



1597.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2013 

him due submission. The chiefs of the territories bordering on the Curheu 
Mountains did the same, and dehvered up their hostages and securities to 
O'Donnell. 

One hundred and forty-lour barrels of powder were sent by the Queen to 
Dublin, to her people, in the month of March. When the powder was landed, 
it was drawn to Wine-street'', and placed on both sides of the street", and a spark 
of lire got into the powder ; but from whence that spark proceeded, whether 
from the heavens or from the earth beneath, is not knowi>; howbeit, the barrels 
' burst into one blazing flame and rapid conflagration (on the 13th of March), 
which raised into the air, from their solid foundations and supporting posts, the 
stone mansions and wooden houses of the street, so that the long beam, the 
enormous stone, and the man in his corporal shape, :w'ere sent whirling into the 
air over the town by the explosion of this powerful powder ; and it is impos- 
sible to enumerate, reckon, or describe the number of honourable persoug, of 
tradesmen of every class, of women and maidens, and of the feons of gentlemen, 
who had come from all parts of Ireland to be educated in the city, that were 
destroyed. The quantity of gold, silver, or worldly property, that was destroyed, 
was no cause of lamentation, compared to the number of people who were in- 
jured and killed by that explosion. Jt was not Wine- street alo»e that was 
destroyed on this occasion, but the next quarter of tlie town to it*i anwiu )[»■? 
O'Conor (Donough, the son of Cathal Oge) established friendship and con- 
cord between his brother-in-law (the son of Mac William Burke), i. e. Theobald- 
na-Long, the son of Richard-an-Iarainn, son of David, son of Edmond, and the 
Governor of the province of Connaught, i. e. Sir Conyers CliiFord. After their 
reconciliation Theobald drew the Governor and the companies of thje province 
of Connaught into Tirawley, and into Mac William's country, and expelled, and 
banished Mac William (Theobald, the son of Walter Kittagh, son of John, son 
of Oliver) from his patrimony, to O'DonnelP; they despoiled and totally plun- 
dered all those who remained in confederation and friendship with him in the 
territory. The country [generally], on this occasion, adhered to* Theobald-naf 

ritory, leaving it optional with him to go wher- '^Adhered to. — Ro jaB an cip, iVc, lu cepoicr, 

ever he wished ; but that he fled to his friend literally, " the country on this occasion took 

O'Donnell, as the person most likely to Bhelter with Theobald of the Ships, and with the Go- 

him, and assist him to recover his patrimony. vernor."' This idiom is still in common use. as: 



2Q14 u/ijaNNa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1597- 

njobepnoip. lompaif an gobejinoip lap pin 50 baile aca luain, -| po pccaoil- 
poc na bonoaiji ap a ngaipiyionaib. ba Doaipnfip a puccpac Daipccnife ■] 
DeDalaib a pann meic uilliam an ran pin. 

Oala rheic uilliam lap ccocr Dopom co haipm 1 mboi 6 Dorhnaill oacaoine 
a imniD ppip po aipip ina pochaip co mi mfooin pampaiD. Oo jni O oomnaiU 
lapam pl6iccea6 hi ccoicceaD connacc 00 congnarh la TTlac uilliam, -| painic 
rap muaiD ua narhaljaoa gan nac noogpaing. Ni curhsacap (no caerhnac- 
carap) an ci'p ppicbeapc ppip 50 po gab a nsialla,-) a naircipe, -\ Do beapc 
pom na bpaijDe ipin do TTlbac urlliam, 7 pciccbaip an cpioc pa urhla do. 
-] poppaccaib RuDpaije Ua Domnaill a bfpbpacaip bubfipin ranaipi ceneoil 
cconaill ina pappab Dm nfpcab 1 najaiD a namacc 50 ploj mop Dia rhiirbaib 
cpoijreac, 1 Dia arhpoib amaille ppipp. lompaiDip Ua Domnaill ina ppinnj^ 
Dia CI p. 

Ro cionoil Ua concobaip -\ cepoicc na long plog mop Do jallaib, -j do 
gaoiDelaib lap ppaccbdil na rfpe DUa Domnaill do Diojail a naincpibe pop 
rnhac uilliam ~\ po lonnapbpac TTlac uilliam an Dapa peace, 1 Pubpaije Don 
cup pin ay in cfp ap ni pabacappibe coiihlion Daoine ppiu. 6a pi corhaiple 
appicc la l?ubpai je -| la TTlac uilliam ma mbaoi ma ccompocpaib Do cpoD "j 
Dinnile an cipe co na naiccpeabcachaib, "] co na muinncfpaiB Do cop pfmpa 
cap muaib ua namaljaba, -\ cpe cip piacpac muaibe Do focc po mdrhup 
uf Domnaill 50 panjaccap pliab 5am pia naDhai j, -| jabaicc ace apccnam 
cpiap an pliabh poD na hoiDlicbe. 

Imcupa an joibepnopa 6 po cuip pium ua concobaip,"] cfpoicc na long co 
na plojaib Do biocup meic uilliam ap an cfp, \io cfjlaimpibe lion a poc- 
paicce pop cinD TTleic uilliam 1 TJubpaije ipin conaip na po cumainjpioc Do 
peachna no Diomjabail. T?opcap laD bdcap do paopclanDaib i ppappab an 
goibepnopa an can pin .1. Uillfcc mac T?iocaipD Sbaccpanai j, mic uillicc na 
ccfnD, lapla cloinne T?iocaipD co na mac T?iocapD bapun Duine coiUi'n eipibe, 
OonncTiab mac concobaip, mic Donnchaib ui bpiain lapla cuaDmurhan, -) 
TTlupcliab mac TTlupchaiD mic Diapmaca ui bpiain bapun innpi ui cuinn 50 

"cuip uaic 00 Ifnan -j jaB le o' ceao itinaol: ^ Equal to their's, i. e. Mac William and Rury 

Put away thy concubine, and take Kith thy O'Donnell had not forces sufficient to contend 

first wife." — See the Editor's Irish Grammar, with those of Theobald of the Ships and the 

part ii. c. viii. p. 310. Governor. 



1.597.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2015 

Long and the Governor. The Governor then returned to Athlone, and the 
companies of soldiers were distributed among the garrisons. The preys and 
spoils taken from Mac William's people on this occasion were indescribable. 

As for Mac William, when he went to O'Donnell to complain to him of his 
sufferings, he remained with him until the middle month of suminer. O'Don- 
nell then made a hosting into the province of Connaught to assist Mac William, 
and he crossed the Moy into Tirawley without meeting any danger ; and the 
country was not able to oppose him, so that he seized their hostages and pledges; 
and he delivered up these hostages, and left the country in obedience to him ; 
and he left Rury O'Donnell, his own brother, Tanist of Tirconnell, with him, 
to strengthen him against his enemies, a great number of foot-soldiers, and other 
troops. O'Donnell [then] returned back to his own country. 

When O'Donnell left the country, O'Conor and Theobald-na-Long mustered 
a great army of English and Irish, in order to wreak theij vengeance on Mac 
William ; and they banished him a second time, and Rury along with him, on 
that occasion, from the tenitory, for they had not a number of men ecfual to 
their's". The resolution then adopted by Rury and Mac William was to send 
all the property and cattle of the territory in their vicinity, together with the 
inhabitants and families, before them, across the Moy of Tirawley, and through 
Tireragh of the Moy, to come under the jurisdiction of O'Donnell. [This they 
did], and they arrived before nightfall at Sliabh-Gamh, and during the whole 
night they continued crossing the mountain. 

•*'■ As for the Governor, as soon as he had sent O'Conor and Theobald-na- 
Long to banish Mac William from the territory, he mustered all his forces, to 
meet Mac William and Rury on a road which they could not shun or avoid. 
The noblemen who attended the Governor on this expedition were these : 
Ulick, the son of Rickard Saxonagh, son of Ulick-na-gCeann, Earl of Clan- 
rickard, with his son, Rickard, Baron of Dun-Coillin'; Donough, the son of 
Conor, son of Donough O'Brien, Earl of Thomond ; Murrough, the son of 
Murrough, son of Dermot, Baron of Inchiquin ; and many other distinguished 

' Duii-Goillin, now Dunkelliu, in the parish or chair, called Clanrickard's chair, which is 

ot Killeely, which gave name to the barony of believed to be the place where the Mac William 

Dunkellin, in the county of Galway. Not far Oughter was ir»ugurated, before he became 

from this castle is a hill with a rude stone seat, Earl of Clanrickard. 



20lfi - awNaf^a Rio^hachca eiReanH. ' [I.597 

pochaibib oile Do bajoaoinib cenmorar. 6a hann v>o pala Don ^oibepnoip 
bfir an aohaij pn hi ccaiplen cuile maofle pil pop abginn moip pjii pliab jaiti 
anmp [recte anoip], 1 ppi pliab oa en anoip [recte aniap] co ccoicc ceo Decc 
laoc DO jleipe jaipccfnach ma pocaip ann. 6a conaip (5oiccfnn nap bo poD- 
am^ DO peachna an mai^fn 1 mbaoi piurh. Qc cuap oo l?u6pai<^e ua Domnaill 
-| Do mac uilliam an jobepnoip do bfir pfmpa pop an cconoip na po peDpar 
DO pecna. Qp paip po chinnpior 6 panjacap pia maiDin 1 njappoccup Don 
caiplen, a ccfcpa, a ninnile, a ngiollanpam, ■] a naepDiaipm Do lejab iiafa 1 
pli^iD ba hmnille map an conaip m po bao mfnmapc leo bubfrn Do ^abail, fo 
imcbian on caiplen, ") lao buDfipin do duI cap an abainn ^an pafuccab bi 
ccotnpocpaib an caipceoiU 6 nac pabpac coirhUon ploi^ ppi a mbiobbabaib. 
Do coDap pom cpa jan aipiuccab gan popcloiprecc rap an abainn 50 mba- 
tap Don caob apaill. QnDop leo pom cfna do pijenpac anacal 1 imofgail 
Dia ccfchpaib 1 Dia njiollanpaib, Nip bo hamlaib cqpla Dbibpibe irip uaip 
po clop buipeab beiceab na mbo rainreab, 1 na nanmann neicciallaib, "| 
pojupnuall aopa a niomana ipin mincDeboil. Oo'lficcfc mapcploi^ an 501b- 
epnopa ina noponsaib.-] ina nofopmaib po cortijaip na ccfcpa Dup an rraip- 
pircip laD. Ruccparn Din pop moilib lombaib, ") Do beachaib in ]io bab moo 
uabaib Diob. T?o mapbab Dpong mop Do na gillib "] Daop na hiomdna. 6a 
Don cup pin DO mapbab TTlaolmuipe mac Conulab meic an baipD paof pipbana 
po bai ap maicib a ceneoil bubfin. Nf po peDpar a muinncip bubfipin anacal 
DO rabaipr Doibpibe la hiomac an cploi^ Do pala pop a nioncaib. 6a mela 
mop lap an njobepnoip a nool peaca pepiu cappaib jpCim poppa. Uia^aic 
na jaoibil app amlaib co panjacap capp an eipne bub cuaib. Soaip an jobep- 
noip ina ppinnj, -) ni'p bo plan laip a rhfnma 6 do fpnaipfc a naiitiDe uaba lap 
na ppajbail in uarhab amlaib pin. 

Piacba mac Qoba mic Sfain o jlfno TTlhaoilujpa do ruicim lap crap- 

■^ Abhainn-mhor, i. e. the Great River, now Tire hOilella, i. e. the great gap of TirerrLll - 

a?i<ir/!ce Avonmore, a river which rises in Temple- See map to Genealogies, ^c, ofHy-FiachracL , 

house lake, and joins the Coolany river between f This was not the case, literall}-, " Not th'uS 

Collooney and Ballysadare. it happened to them indeed." 

' Sliabh Gamh afid Sliabh-da-en. — These are ^ Of the irrational animals, na nanmann n^ic- 

mountains in the county of Sligo. The gap be- ciallaio. This would be written na n-ainihi6e 

tween them, in which the lilPtle town of Col- n^ejcialloa, according to the modern system of 

looney stands, was anciently called Bearnas-mor orthography. The prefix e, when negative. 



15g7.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2017 

men besides them. The Governor lay on the first night in the castle of Cul- 
Maoile [CoUooney], which is situated on the Abhainn-mhor"*, to the east of 
Sliabh Gamh', and to the west of Sliabh dd-en, having fifteen hundred select 
warriors along with him there. This place where he remained was a general 
passage, and it was not easy to avoid it. Rury O'Donnell and Mac William 
were informed that the Governor was before them upon a road by which they 
could not avoid [passing]. And when before morning they had arrived at a 
place very near the castle, they resolved on sending off their herds and flocks, 
their calones, and the unarmed portion of their forces, by a way at a great dis- 
tance from the castle, and more secure than that by which they themselves 
intended to proceed, whilst they themselves should cross the river without 
being noticed, at a short distance from the castle, as they had not a force equal 
to that of the enemy. They crossed the river [accordingly] unnoticed and 
unheard, and landed in safety at the other side ; and they thought that they 
had ensured the safety and protection of their cattle and attendants ; but this 
Was not the case^ for the loud lowing of the herds of kine and irrational 
animals*, and the shouts of their drivers, were heard early in the morning from 
the castle ; and the Governor's cavalry set out in troops and squadrons in the 
direction of the lowing of the cattle, to see if they could take them. They 
seized upon a great number of cattle, but the greater part of them escaped 
from them. A great number of the servants and drivers were killed. It was 
on this occasion also that Mulmurry, the son of Cu-Uladh Mac Ward, a learned 
poet, and one of the most distinguished men of his own tribe, was killed. Their 
own people were not able to protect them, in consequence of the great numbers 
that were opposed to them. It was great annoyance to the Governor that they 
should have passed him by before he could lay hold of them. The Irish thus 
made their way northwards across the Erne. The Governor returned back ; 
and he was much dejected because his enemies had thus escaped from him. 
Fiagh, son of Hugh", son of John [O'Byrne] from Glenmalure, was slain 

eclispes the consonant to which it is prefixed. warlike and powerful man of his name since the 

" Fiagh, son of Hugh — He was chief of that death of Dunlang, the son of Edmond, who was 

sept of the O'Byrnes called Gaval-Rannall, and the last inaugurated O'Byrne See note ', under 

had his residence at Ballinacor, in Glenmalure, the year 1580, p. 1746, «<pm. There are several 

in the county of Wicklow. Though not the poems on his battles and victories preserved in 

chief of the O'Byrnes he was by far the most the Leabhar Branach, or Book of the O'Byrnes, 

12 A 



2018 



aNHaf,a TJio^hachca emeawH. 



[1597. 



patng ceilcce Da conjbparaip pai]i ap pupailfrii apo lupcip na hepeann Sip 
uillmm Ruppel ipin cfm mi no pampab na blia6na po. 



preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 1. 14, from one of which it would 
appear that all the O'Byrnes acknowledged hini 
as their leader, if not chief ; but it is quite evi- 
dent that some of the senior branches of the 
O'Byrnes were very jealous of his greatness, and 
that this led to his betrayal and death is but 
too evident from these poems, and all contempo- 
raneous authorities. P. O'Sullevan Beare briefly 
alludes to his betrayal in his Hist. Cathol. Iber., 
torn. 3, lib. 3, c. x. fol. 145 : 

" lam me Lageniorum res vocant, qui tametsi 
paruis viribus, magna tamen constantia, & vir- 
tute pro Catholica religione manum conserue- 
runt. Postquam Fiachus Obruin vir strenuus, 
& Htereticorum hostis acerrimus fuit per prodi- 
tionem extinctus, eius filij Felmius, & Raymun- 
dus arma a patre mota non omiserunt. Dum 
Kaymundus in Lagenia tumultus in Hsereticum 
excitatos ducit, Felmius in Vltoniam adOnellum 
contendit auxilium petitum." 

There is a curious poem in the Leabhar Bra- 
nach, fol. 110, p. a., on the death of Fiagh, in 
which the writer states that he saw his body 
quartered and his head spiked on a tower in 
Dublin, — a sight which pierced his heart with 
anguish. 

I. Fiagh O'Byme left three sons, namely: 1, 
Felim, who was M. P. for the county of Wicklow 
in 1613, and who was living in 1629. 2, Red- 
mond, or Raymond, of Killaveny, J. P. in the 
county of Wicklow in 1625, the ruins of whose 
castle are still to be seen, and are shewn on the 
Ordnance map as " Raymond's Castle." This 
Redmond had three sons : Felim of Killaveny ; 
Feagh of Kilcloghran, proclaimed a rebel, and 
a price set on his head, 8th February, 1641; 
and John. 3, Turlough. And one daughter, 
who was married to Walter Reagh Fitzgerald, 



of whose fate some account is given under the 
year 1595. 

II. Felim, son of Fiagh. He married Una, or 
Winifred Ni Toole. He was living in 1629, a 
prisoner in Dublin Castle. In his complaint to 
the Privy Council of his unjust trial and con- 
demnation at Wicklow in 1628, he says that his 
wife, the mother of his five sons, who was in 
previous good health, died within two days after 
his condemnation : " her hart stringes broke." — 
MS., F. 3. 17, T. C. D. He had eight sons : 1, 
Brian, who, with his brother Turlough, was 
committed to Dublin Castle in 1625, and was 
living in 1629 ; 2, Hugh, Lieutenant-Colonel 
of the Confederate Catholics in 1641, and who 
was proclaimed a rebel by Parsons and Borlase, 
Lords Justices, 8th February, 1641; 3, Gerald, 
living in 1604, and seems to have died young, at 
least before 1628 ; 4, James, living in 1603 ; 5, 
Turlough, living in 1628 ; 6, Feagh, alias Lxike; 
7, Cahir, living in 1629 ; 8, Colla ; and a daugh- 
ter, who married John Wolverton, Esq. J. P. of 
the county of Wicklow in 1625. Seven of these 
sons are named in the above order in the re- 
mainders of Phelim mac Pheagh's grant of lands 
from King James I., dated 28th March, 1604. 
Colla, who was born after that period, is men- 
tioned in Phelim mac Pheagh's suit in 1628-9, 
when he was a close prisoner in Dublin Castle 
with his five sons. Duald Mac Firbis mentions 
only three of his sons, namely, Hugh, Colla, 
and Brian. Cahir, his seventh son, had a son, 
Hugh, who had a son, Cahir, the last generation 
of this family given in the Leabhar Branach. 

III. Brian, the son of Felim. He had a son, 
Shane mac Brian mac Phelim of Ballinacor, who 
was Colonel of the Confederate Catholics in 1641, 
after which period this famUy of Ballinacor dis- 
appear from history. The accusations against 



1597] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2019 



in the first month of summer in this year, having been treacherously betrayed 
by his relative, at the bidding of the Chief Justiciary of Ireland, Sir William 
Russell. 



these sons of Felim, on which their estates were 
confiscated, aiFords an appalling picture of hu- 
man depravity and perfidy in those murderous 
times ; but as the substance of them, and the man- 
ner in which the whole trial was conducted, has 
been already given by the late Matthew O'Conor, 
Esq. of Mount Druid, in his History of the Irish 
Catholics, the Editor shall rest content with 
laying before the reader the following extracts 
from Felim's complaint to the Privy Council, of 
his unjust trial and condemnation at Wicklow 
in 1628, as preserved in a manuscript in the 
Library of Trinity College, Dublin, F. 3. 17: 

" Lord Esdmond tried to induce Owen Byrne, 
a prisoner in Dublin Castle, to accuse Bryan 
and Tirlagh (Phelim's sons), and racked him in 
vain for that purpose. Then Lord Esmond sent 
Cahir mac Hugh DuflFe, a neare cousin of said 
Owen, and Morogh mac Hugh mac Owen, bro- 
ther in law to said Owen, to use their influence 
to make him depose against Tirlagh and Phelim. 

" This Cahir mac Hugh Duffe, and the said 
Morogh, are doeing, theise 29 years at least, 
what they could against Phelim and his sonnes, 
both in helping to take theire landes from them 
and inventing many false matters against them 
to procure their death, as is well known ; for 
said Cahir mac Hugh DufFe and the aforesaid 
Morogh, and his son, Morrish, came to the Lord 
Chichester, then Deputy, and informed his 
Lordship that Phelim and Bryan releeved one 
Torlogh O'Toole, which his Lordship well knew 
was but meere malice. 

" Garrald mac Ferdoragh being a prisoner for 
some criminal fact, which he acknwledged had 
no means to save his life but by accusing men, 
was procured by William Grsme and others, to 
accuse Phelim and his sonnes. This Garret's 
father was committed to Wicklow by Phelim's 

12 



son in law, John Wolverston, for stealing cows, 
and was executed for that fact. Gerald himself 
was committed for suspicion of felony by Phelim, 
but acquitted. 

" This Garret's brother in law, Shane Bane 
mac Teige mac Hugh, being in rebellion, was 
taken by Hugh mac Phelim, and brought to 
Wicklow by the Lord Chief Justice, where he 
was executed, which said Garret bore in mynde 
to revenge it when he could. 

" Shane O'Toole, Patricke O'Toole,'" [were] 
"prisoners in the castle of Dublin about 1621. 
Shane O'Toole was executed by martial law, 
and at his death left betweene him and God, 
that he was executed for not agreeing with said 
Garret mac Ferdoragh, and his confederates, in 
accusing Brian mac Felim, Tirlagh mac Phelim, 
and Cahir mac Phelim. 

" Patrick O'Toole was pardoned for his accu- 
sations. 

" Art O'Neale and Brian More, son in lawe 
to Art O'Neale, being in company with Donagh 
mac Shane, committing of a robbery, were taken 
by one of Phelim's sons, and the robbery found 
in their hands, were sent here to his Majestie's 
castle of Dublin, and seeing no other means to 
save their lives but to accuse others, as they 
were demanded, the said Arte O'Neale and 
Bryan More offered to make an escape at once 
with Dermot O'Toole, and to rob the porter's 
coffer. 

" Shane Duffe mac Teige Moyle and Mortagh 
mac Teige Moyle, several times sollicited to 
accuse Phelim and his sons, and when they did 
not, they were two or three dayes bound, ready 
to be executed by martial lawe. 

" Lord Esmond had, in his prison at Lime- 
rick" [near Gorey, county of Wexford], " one 
Laughlin More mac Teige, which Laughlin his 

a2 



2020 



awHaca Rio^hachca eiReaHN. 



[1597- 



lupcipnua DO rocc i nepinn i ccoj^ac miY lun co napmail -\ co paijDiuiinb 
lomoaib Imp .i. Cojio buyiough, comay a corhainm. lap nglacab an cloibim 
DoipDe on lupcif baf ann ppi pe cpf mbliaban 50 pin .1. Sip uilliam l?uppel, 
T?o bfnoD laip an oippicc do bi 05 Sip lohn nopuip 6 na ppionnpa be .1. jene- 
palcacc an coccaiD, 1 po jab pfin an oippicc pin ppi a aip. Uucc lapam 
poccpa Dpfpaib laijfn, ■) mi6e, "] Don rhfiD baf umal Don bainpiojain o comap 
cpf nuipcce 50 Dun Dealgan cocc ma Docom (co lionrhap lep cionoilce an 
picfcrhaD la do mf lul) 50 Dpoicfc ara, Ro ppfccpaD na poccapca pin la 
hiapla cille Dapa, la jallaib miDe, -] laijfn. Uanaicc cpa an lupcip jup an 
lion ap lia po peo gup an maijin cceDna, -\ lap poccain i ccfnn a poile do na 
plojaib DO apccnarap 50 ci'p eojain co panjaccap gan coipmfpcc jan caipi- 
pnirii 50 habainn moip,"] an ni Dob annarh la hUa neill ppic paill lomcoirhfcca 



Lordship knows to be one that hated Felim and 
his sonnes. He was a foster-brother of Shane 
Bane mac Teige, which Hugh mac Phelim 
brought to Wicklow to execution. 

" Phelim mac Pheagh took two of those that 
were concerned in Font's murder. 

" The Sheriff that impanelled the grand jury 
which found several biUs against Phelim and 
his sonnes, is married to Lord Esmond's niece, 
and tenant to Sir William Parsons, and the Lord 
Esmond procured this, his nephew, to be made 
Sheriffe of sett purpose to conclude his owne, 
and the rest of said Phelim's adversaries, their 
pretended and long-continued unjust hosting, 
and therefore said Sheriff elected Sir James 
Fitz Pierce to be forman of the grand juiie, a 
known open enemy to Phelim and his sons ; 
lirst, because he sett upon said Phelim at his 
going to Rathcuile, to the late Earl of Ormond ; 
secondly, because Phelim was at the killing of 
said Sir James, his father; and thirdly, because 
the said Sir James did, for proofe of his con- 
tinuall malice, prefer a peticion to the Lord 
Grandison, alledging the said Phelim and his 
predecessors to be all bastards for ten or eleven 
degrees. Moreover, said Sir James had no free- 
hold in the county of Wicklow. 



" Finally, said Brien and Turlogh are most 
miserably kept in close restraint here in his 
Majestie's Castle of Dublin, without getting 
their dyett from his Majestic, or leave for any 
of theire friends to come to them with their 
owne meanes to releeve them in presence of the 
constable and his son. Their accusers, on the 
contrary, are kept at his Majesties charges, and 
besides, Bryan and Turlogh have irons upon 
them, and the most part of their condemned 
accusers are without irons. 

" (Signed), Brvne Bykne. 

TiRLAGH BeAHNE. 

" Copia vera." 

The Editor has not been able to trace tlie 
history of this family to a later period, and be- 
lieves that the race of Fiagh mac Hugh O' Byrne, 
chief of Gaval-RannaU, have long since become 
extinct. According to the tradition in the 
country, the late Garrett Byrne, Esq. of Ballyma- 
nus, was not of his descendants, but of a branch 
of the Gaval-Rannall who became spies and in- 
formers to ruin the great O'Byrnes of Ballinacor, 
a tradition which clearly points to Cahir mac 
Hugh Duffe and his confederates above referred 
to, who were for twenty-nine years inventing 
many false matters against Phelim and his sons. 



1597.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2021 



A new Lord Justice, Lord Borough', Thomas by name, arrived in Ireland 
in the beginning of the month of June, with much arms and many soldiers. 
After receiving the sword from Sir William Eussell, who had been Lord Jus- 
tice for three years before, he deprived Sir John Norris of the office which he 
held from his Sovereign, namely, the generalship of the war, and took that 
office to himself After this he issued a proclamation to the men of Leinster 
and Meath, and to all those who were obedient to the Queen, from the Meeting 
of the threeWaters to Dundalk, to meet him with all their forces, fully mustered, 
at Drogheda, on the twentieth day of the month of July. These orders were 
responded to by the Earl of Kildare, and by the English of Meath and Leiuster. 
The Lord Justice came to the same place with as many men as he had been able 
to muster. After these forces had met together, they marched to Tyrone, and 
arrived at Abhainn-mhor without opposition or delay ; and, what was seldom 



See note ", under the year 1585, p. 1840, supra. 
The Ballymanus family, too, are either extinct 
or reduced to poverty and obscurity. 

The Lord Esmond who ruined the illustrious 
family of Ballinacor, was Sir Laurence Esmond, 
the son of William Esmond, Esq., of Little Li- 
merick, near Gorey, in the county of Wexford. 
He married a Miss Ellice Butler, by whom he 
had no issue, and the peerage ceased at his 
death ; but it appears that he had a natural son, 
Thomas Esmond, by a Miss O'Flaherty, to whom 
his estates passed by will. This Thomas Es- 
mond, who was educated a Roman Catholic by 
his mother, is the ancestor of the present Sir 
Thomas Esmond of Ballynatrasna, in the county 
of Wexford, who inherits none of the wicked- 
ness or treachery of the Lord Esmond his proge- 
nitor. 

William Parsons was a very poor man, in 
humble station, who came to Ireland towards 
the close of the reign of Elizabeth. He proved 
a very useful discoverer of forfeited estates in 
the capacity of Surveyor-General. He was ap- 
pointed Lord Justice, with Sir John Borlase, in 
1640, and continued in the Government till 
1643, when he was removed, charged with trea- 



son, and committed to prison, with Sir Adam 
Loftus and others. His descendants became 
extinct in the male line in 1764. The present 
Earl of Ross, so illustrious for his scientific at- 
tainments, descends from his brother, Laurence 
Parsons. 

' Lord Borough — Thomas Baron Borough, a 
man almost wholly ignorant of the art military, 
was appointed Lord Deputy, and arrived in Dub- 
lin on the 15 th of May, and received the sword 
in St. Patrick's Church on Sunday, the 22nd of 
the same month. He had supreme authority in 
martial as well as civil causes, and immediately 
ordered to his presidency of Munster General 
Norris, who is described by Camden as " Vir 
sane magnus, & inter maximos nostras gentis 
hoc sevo duces celebrandus ; which affront (to- 
gether with the disappointment of the chief 
government, which he knew he merited, and 
earnestly expected), and the many baffles Tyrone 
had put upon him, broke his heart." — See Cox's 
Hibernia Anglicana, vol. i. p. 413. P. O'Sullevan 
Beare states that it was believed that Norris had 
sold himself to the devil, who carried him off 
unexpectedly ; and he gravely concludes from 
this, that O'Neill had often defeated, not only 



2022 



awHaca Rio^hachca emeawN. 



[1597. 



paip CO painicc an luj^rip cap an abamn ^an cacap, jan coipmfpcc 50 mbaf 
oon caob apaill Di. Po mupab -| po nnopclaibfo lap an lupnp an pope lom- 
coiihfcca baf ace ua neill pop up na habainn, -] po roccaib pfin pope nua do 
bu6fin ipm mbpuac allcapac Don abainn ceDna. -] ge po ppic an uain pin 
ap Ua neill cpe eolup -\ cpe rioncopcc coippDelbaij, mic Gnpi, mic peilim 
puaiDb ui neill nf po larh an lupcip, na aen Dia plojaib Dol f6 aen mile raipip 
pin 1 crip eojain, -] nf mo po IficceaD puan no paDaile, coDlaD, no cumpanaD 
Doib ace DeabaiD -\ DiubpaccaD poppa 6 mumncip Uf neill Do 16 -| Doibce. 6a 
Dipim Doaipnfip an po mapbab, "] in po mubaijeab Do Daoinib an lupcip, -| 
an po bfnab oeacaib, -\ DeDalaib Diob. 

Oo beacbaib an lupcip m apoile lo pop cnoc bai 1 ccompocpaib Don 
campa do Ttiibfmain ■] do moipbecain an cipe ina uipcimcell, -| ba pfpp Do 
na ciopab iDip, uaip Do mapbab Dpong mop Dia DfjDaomib la hUa neill co 



General Norris, "■ peritissimum Anglorum im- 
peratorum omni pugnandi apparatu superiorem, 
sed ipsum etiam diabolum, qui illi ex pacto fuisse 
opitulatus creditur vicerit." — Hist. Cathol. Iber. 
Compend., torn. iii. 1. 3, c. x. 

J An advantage was got An English writer 

would say: " And O'Neill having, contrary to 
his wont, neglected to guard the pass, the Lord 
Justice crossed the river without any diifioulty." 

^ Further: literally, " beyond that." 

' A hm.—P. O'SuUevan Beare calls this hill 
Droum fliuca, which he translates CoUis madidus, 
in his Hist. Cathol. Ibern. Compend., torn. iii. 1. 3, 
c xi. where he gives the following curious ac- 
count of this conflict : 

" Annus ab ortu Domini millesimus quin- 
gentesimus nonagesimus septimus cum verte- 
retur, Thomas Burughi Baro vir animo elatus, 
manu largus, belli prreceptis imbutus, comitate 
gratus in Iberniam Prorex missus aduentu 
primo suo, qua erat vrbanitate, & affabilitate, 
aliquot Lageniorum, & aliorum Ibernorum ani- 
mos in se conuertit. Cum Onello, Odonello, 
& alijs vnum mensem inducias componit. Per 
quas cum de pacis conditionibus minime conue- 
nisset, maiorem belli molem in Onellura vertit. 



Illi copiosus erat exercitus, qui antea sub Ru- 
sello, & Norrise meruerant, & noue ex Anglia 
missi ; quibus cum in Vltoniam proficiscitur. 
Sequuntur Midhienses ' Angloiberni cum iustis 
copijs duce Barnabale Balisimiledae Barone. Quo 
procedente Balarriecham peruenerat Richardus 
Tirellus cum quadringentis peditibus ab Onello 
missus, vt motus, vel in Lagenia augeret, vel in 
Midhia moueret. Is Tirellus Angloibernus erat, 
sed Catholicus, sicut casteri, & iniurijs Anglo- 
rum prouooatus e carcere ad Onellum fugerat. 
Ei cum tam exiguas vires esse Barnabal com- 
perisset, in ilium mittit filium suum peditibus 
miUe stipatum, haud dubius, quin adolescens 
dignum aliquod facinus faceret, quo Proregem 
magno merito sibi deuinciret, Tirellus miles ve- 
teranus prtelio expertus Midhienses fundit, & 
fugat, atque multis occisis Bamabalis filium 
captum ad Onellum defert, a quo fuit postea 
pretio commutatus. 

" Burughus Ardmacham, & Portmorem, quas 
Onellus deseruit, occupat. Progredi frustra 
tentat ab Onello prohibitus, qui duobus castris 
vias occludit : in alteris erant Macmagaunus, & 
fratres Onelli Cormakus, & Artus in CoUe ma- 
dido castrametati intra duos iactus bombardse 



1597.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2023 



the case with O'Neill, an advantage was got^ of his vigilance, having, contrary 
to his wont, neglected to guard the pass, and the Lord Justice crossed the river 
without [receiving] battle or opposition, and landed [safely] at the other side 
of it. He then razed and demolished a watching-fort which O'Neill had on the 
bank of the river, and erected a new fort for himself on the opposite bank of 
the same river. But though this advantage was taken of O'Neill, through the 
guidance and instruction of Turlough, the son of Henry, son of Felim Roe 
O'Neill, neither the Lord Justice nor any of his forces dared to advance the 
distance of one mile further" into Tyrone ; for they were not allowed rest or 
ease, sleep or quiet, but a succession of skirmishes and firing was kept up on 
them, both by day and night. It would be impossible to calculate or describe 
the number of the Lord Justice's men who were killed and disabled, and the 
number of horses and [other] spoils that were taken from them, on this occasion. 
On a certain day the Justice went upon a hill' which was near the camp, 
to reconnoitre and survey the country around ; but it would have been better 
for him that he had not gone thither, for a great number of his chief men 



ad hostem, in via, quae ducit ad Pinnam super- 
bam : in alteris Onellus ipse cum laimo Mac- 
donello Glinnise principe tentoria pandit ad 
Fontem Masanum. Prorex itinere prohibitus 
Norrisium munimentum, quod Onellus dirue- 
rat, resedificare coepit, Onellus opus impedire: 
interdiu, & noctu ab equitibus, & peditibus 
maxime iaculatoribus cominus, & eminus leuia 
preelia committuntur. Onello venit auxilio Odo- 
nellus, cuius equitatus, cum hostis equitibus, & 
Terentio Onello Henrici filio Onelli fratre vte- 
rino, qui Eeginse partes sequebatur egregie ma- 
num conseruit. Nocte, qua Catholici in regiorum 
castra impetum fecerunt, fama tenet, Prorogem 
t'uisse vulneratum, quse verane sit, ad me peri- 
culum non recipio. Constat Ulum ex castris 
reuersum KUldario comiti imperium relinquen- 
tem intra paucos dies e vita discessisse. 

"Kildarius imperio Isetus, & glorians, quod 
Prorex efficere non potuit, prsestare conatur, 
vlterius progredi. Per syluam, & vias occultas 
cum nobilioribus equitibus & magis strenuis 



militibus procedens, postquam itineris maxi- 
mam difficultatem superauit, nuncio allato Ca- 
tholici occurrentes prselium committunt : quo 
sunt occisi sexaginta equites regij, & inter eos 
Turner exercitus regij Tesserarius Maximus, 
Francisous Waghan Proregis leuir, Thomas 
Walenus Angli. Comes Killdarius hastarum 
ictibus equo turbatus, rursus in equum imposi- 
tus a duobus fratribus Ohikijs Ibernis suse nu- 
tricis filijs male concussus, & vulneratus fugit, 
& paucis etiam post diebus moritur. Ohikij dum 
herum in equum imponunt, ipsi circumuenti 
interficiuntur. Multi regij fuerunt vulneribus 
affecti : quotquot eo in loco a castris aberant, 
fusi, & fugati in castra compulsi sunt. Cito 
regius exercitus domum redit, postquam inter 
Portmorem, & Pinnam suberbam a fine veris per 
menses ciroiter quatuor cum Catholico dimica- 
uit, & praesidio Portmore sub Thoma Villiamse 
Anglo, & Ardmachse relicto. Mox quoque Iberni, 
quos Burughus Begins cousiliauerat, rebella- 
runt. 



2024 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1597. 

namumncip. T?oba6 DibyiDe oeapbparaip mnaan lupc(]","l aporhaop a^^luaij; 
CO focaibe moip do caipcinib -| t)0 oaoinib imiple cenmoroc. Vio mapbab 
ann oin apaill do muinnnp lapla cille Dapa, -| munbub joipe an campa Don 
lupnp ni pajhab app an lomaipfcc pin an lion Do epna bfob. Oo pala Diapla 
cille Dapa (.1. henpg mac jfpoirc rpe birin gona, no piabpapa cecib Diob) 
sup bo briccfn do rpiall cap a aip Do paijib a acapba, 1 lap poccam Do 50 
Dpoicfc ara puaip bap ipin mbaile pin. Ruccab a copp 50 cill Dapa -\ po 
haDnaicTDh co nonoip ■] co naipmircin 1 noraiplije a pinnpeap he. Ro hoipD- 
neab a bfpBpacaip .1. Uilliam ina lonaD. 

lap ccpiochnuccaD an puipc nuf pin lap an lupcip a]\ bpu abann moipe, -] 
lap ccabaipc Da ufb a bior Daoine,"] nd poleicceob Do Dol caipip pin ipceach 
ipm cfp Do cuip biab 1 bdpDa ipin mbaile, -] po cpiall pfm cocc cap a aip. 
Oo coib cecup Don lubap, 1 appaibe co hac cliac, "| po pccaoilpioc a pluaj; 
Dia ccijibh. 

Qn can cpa po cpmll an lupcip gup an ploi^fb ceDna 1 ccip eo^ain, T?o 
cuip pgpibfnn 50 jobepnoip coiccib connacc Dia popcongpa paip Dol ^up an 
lion pluaijh ap lia no biab ina cumanj ipin ccfno nap do coicceab ulab pop 
Ua noomnaill an ccfin no biab pom 1 ccip eojain. Nip bo hfiplipeac po 
ppeccpab an popconspa pin lap in njobepnoip, uaip po cuip cogaipm pop mpla 
cuabmurhan Donnchab mac concobaip, 1 pop bapun innpi ui chuinn TTlupcab 
mac TTlupchaib, pop lapla clomne piocaipD uillecc mac RiocaipD Shapcanaij, 
-\ pop a mac RiocapD mac uillicc bapun Duine coillin. Vio cuip bfop cojaipm 
-| cionol pop uaiplib conncae maise eo, -] l?oppa commain co na pocpaice. 
Oo popail pop na maicib uile cocc ma bocom 50 mamipcip na buille an 
cfcparhaD let picfc Do mi'lul Do ponpab, "] 50 mbiab pfin co na banDobaib pop 
a ccinD an Du pm. Canjacap pibe uile gup in maijin pempaice ipin 16 
cfccna. ba he lion a ccionoil lap poccain 1 ccenn apoile Doib Da bpacaij 
ap picic Do cpoi jcecaib, -\ Deic mbpacaca mapcploij. l?o apccnacap aipibe 
50 Slicceac, 1 lapam 50 heipne 50 po jabpac lonjpopc lionmap lainrhfnmnac 

"" The brother. — This was Sir Francis Vaughan. for this victory, but that they were called from 

Sir Richard Cox, who passes over this battle prayers to arms upon the appearance of the 

very lightly, says, "that after the Lord Deputy Irish forces, with whom they skirmished suc- 

had taken the fort of Blackwater, and garri- cessfully ; yet so as that the Deputy's brother-in- 

soned it with English, returned thanks to God law (Vaughan) and several others were slain, 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2025 

were slain by O'Neill and his people. Among these were the brother" of the 
Lord Justice's wife, and the chief officer of his army, together with a great 
number of captains and other gentlemen besides. Some of the Earl of Kildare's 
people were also slain there ; and had not the camp of the Lord Justice been 
so near at hand, the number that escaped would have survived this engage- 
ment. The Earl of Kildare (Henry, the son of Garret), in consequence either 
of a wound or a fever, was obliged to set out on his return home ; but when 
he had gone as far as Drogheda he died in that town. His body was carried 
to Kildare, and interred with great honour and reverence in the burial-place 
of his ancestors. His brother, William, was installed in his place. 

The L»rd Justice, after having finished the new fort" on the bank of the 
Abhainn-mhor, and having observed his loss of men, and that he was not per- 
mitted to penetrate further into the country, he placed provisions and warders 
in this fort, and then set out to return back. He went first to Newry, and from 
thence to Dublin, and his army dispersed for their [several] homes. 

At the time that the Lord Justice was engaged in the foregoing expedition, 
he sent a written dispatch to the Governor of Connaught, ordering him to 
proceed, with all the forces he could possibly muster, to the western extremity 
of Ulster, against O'Donnell, while he himself should remain in Tyrone. This 
order was promptly" responded to by the Governor ; for he sent for the Earl of 
Thomond (Donough, the son of Conor), for the Baron of Inchiquin (Murrough, 
the son of Murrough), for the Earl of Clanrickard (Ulick, the son of Eickard 
Saxonagh), and his son, Eickard, Baron ofDunkellin ; and also dispatched orders 
to the gentlemen of the counties of Mayo and Eoscommon, requiring them to 
collect and muster their forces. He ordered all the chieftains to meet him at 
the monastery of Boyle, on the twenty-fourth day of the month of July, precisely 
when he himself, with all his bands [of soldiers], would be at that place. They 
all [accordingly] came on that day to the aforesaid place. When assembled, 
they amounted to twenty-two standards of foot, and ten standards of cavalry. 
They marched from thence to Sligo, and from thence to the Erne, and pitched 

and particularly two foster-brothers of Henry, lish fort " was only a deep trench or wall of 

Earl of Kildare, for grief whereof the Earl soon earth, to lodge some one hundred soldiers in." 

after dyed." — Hibemia Anglicana, vol. i. p. 413. — Vol. i. p. 58. 

° The new fort — Moryson says that thisEng- ° Promptly: literally, "not negligently." 

12 b 



2026 aHNQca Rioshachca eiReawH. [1597. 

pop up Sarhaoipe ]^piolJ5laipi. l?o baf do mfnmnaije an cy^loij Tupn anoap 
leo CO na baf cumans i pppeapcail no a pppioroltna i ccoicceaD ula6 uile.. 

Do eipjfcrap ploj an ^obepnopa ipin muichbeDoil ap a bapac do 6ul cap 
an abainn. 5ai Din lonncoiifieD o ua nDorhnaill pop jac nac pop an eipne. 
Qcr cfna puapacap porn baojal pop etc niomDopaiD buf puippe .1. ach cuil 
uain, "1 po chmgpioc 50 Diocpa DupcpoiDheach Do paijiD an dca hfpin. T?o 
^abpac na popcoirheoaije occa nDiubpaccab gan Dfchell, "] ace lomcopnam 
an dca ppiu ariiail ap Deac po peDpac. dec chfna ni po chumain^pioc a 
cmncopnarh ppip in lion ploij -\ pocaiDe bacap ma najhaiD 50 piacc an gobep- 
noip CO na plojaib caipip co mbaccap Don caeb apaill. Qp a aof cpa do 
ponao ecc abbal an Id pin .i. TTIupchaD mac TTlupchaDa mic Diapmaca, tnic 
TTlupchaDa ui bpiam bapun innpi uf chuinn. 6af piDe allamuij do na paij- 
Diuipib pop a eoc fcoppa, 1 a niomDOTTiain occa nrniDf^ail pop bacaD, 1 acca 
TTibpopcaD caipip. 6a pf6 po chfDoig an chinnfmhain Do a amup co hinnell- 
Di'peac la haon oo mumcip ui DomnaiU Dupcop pilep 1 pcaoileab a eioeb 
placa 1 nofipc a occpaille co nDechaib cperiiicc ipin ofipc apaill. Ni po 
cuimsfb a anacal 50 po foappccap ppi a eoch 1 puDorhain an cppoca 50 po 
baiDfo e po ceDoip. 6a hecc mop eiDip gallaib, ■] jaomelaibh an cf copcaip 
annpm, ap aipDe a mme, -| ap uaiple a pola jep bo hocc ap aoi naoipi eipiDe, 
-| jemaD coccbail a cuipp -\ a aDnacal co honopac po Dlecc do benarh, ni po 
hanaD ppipibe lap an ploj ace poccain 5an oipipium 50 mainipcip eappa 
puaiD. Qn 31 DO mi lul Do piaccaccap an Du pin,-] Dia Sacaipn ap aoi laice 
peccmame. Ro jabpac lonjpopc ap jac caob Don mainipcip 1 mui j, 1 ipci^. 
6acap hipui&e on can canjacap cap eipne pia mfbon laf Dia Sacaipn co 
maoam Dia luain. 6a ipin Domnach pin bacap ipin mamipcip canjacap an 
loinjfp pojeallina nDiaiD ojaillim 1 mbaoi a nopDanap.i o ngonnaba mopa 
co na pcopupapcfna ap Daij a niompulamjan ccfin no beicipipm ccoiccpich. 

" Samhaoir: i. e. the River Erne. of Inchiquin and O'Conor S%o vied with each 

' Ath Cul- Uain — See this ford already men- other in valour in crossing the ford on this oc- 

tioned at the years 1247 and 1593. casion: 

"■ Andhefdl: literally, "he could not be pro- " In ipso vado, vt alias, Oconchur, & Maurus 

tected until he was separated from his horse in Baro de virtute certabant, & dum vterque alte- 

the depth of the stream," which would sound riua preecedere conatur, Maurum suus equus in 

very strangely in English. alveum lapsus discutit, & Maurus armorum pon- 

P. O'Sullevan Beare observes that the Baron dere grauis in imum flumen haustus ampUus 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2027 

their extensive camp on the banks of the limpid Samhaoir''. The high spirit 
of this army was such, that they thought that all Ulster would be incapable of 
coping with them in battle. 

On the following morning, by break of day, the Governor's army rose up 
to cross the river ; [but] O'Donnell had posted guards upon all the fords of 
the Erne. However, they got an advantage at one difficult ford, namely, Ath- 
Cul-Uain'', and to this they vigorously and resolutely advanced. The guards 
of the ford proceeded to shoot at them without mercy, and to defend the ford 
against them as well as they were able ; but they were not able to defend it 
long against the numerous . force and army opposed to them ; so that the 
Governor and his army crossed it, and gained the other side. On this day, 
however, a lamentable death took place, namely, [that of] Murrough, the son 
of Murrough, son of Dermot, son of Murrough O'Brien, Baron of Inchiquin, 
as he was on horseback, in the depth of the river, outside the soldiers, saving 
them from drowning, and encouraging them to get across past him. But 
destiny permitted that he was aimed at by one of O'Donnell's people with a 
ball exactly in the arm-pit, in an opening of his plate armour, so that it passed 
through him, and out at the opposite arm-pit. No assistance could be given 
him ; and he fell' from his horse into the depth of the current, in which he 
was immediately drowned. The person who there perished was much lamented 
by the Enghsh and Irish, on account of the greatness of his wealth, and the 
nobility of his blood, though young as to age ; and although it would have 
been meet that his body should have been taken up, and honourably interred, 
the army did not stop to do so, but proceeded directly to the monastery of 
Assaroe', which they reached the 31st of July, the day of the week being 
Saturday. They encamped around the monastery, and also within it, and thus 
remained from the forenoon of Saturday, when they crossed the Erne, until 
Monday morning. On the Sunday on which they were in the monastery the 
ships arrived which were promised to be sent after them from Galway, with 
ordnance and great guns, and other stores for their support, whilst they should 

non extitit. Cliffordus vadum trajectus frustra are still to be seen about a mile to the west of 

repugnantibus paucis ab Odonello dispositis Ballyshannon, and its burial ground is very 

arcem quatuor tormentis oppugnat." — Fol. 161. extensive, and contains some interesting tomb- 

• Assaroe — Some of the walls of this abbey stones. — See note', under 1184, p. 64, supra. 

12 B 2 



2028 aNNQca Rjojhacbca emeaHN. [1597. 

T?o jabpar an lomjfp pn cuan ace imp Saimep ^ nucc eappa puam, -| po 
cuippior a propup ipin imp 50 Ifon a lomcoimfcra maille ppip. Do paccab 
Ona an copoanap 1 rcfp Dia luain,-] po puiDijfo e po epcoiriaip caiplein beoil 
ara pfnaij. T?uccpar a ploj on maimpnp 50 mullac Sfce Qoba ap agham 
an DunaiD, "l 1 rcimceall an opoanctip. T?o jabpac Dm luain, 01a maipr, -| 
01a ceDaoin ace oiubpaceab an Baile do caepaib cpomaib, ropannmopaib 
ceinnciDi, a gonnaDaib gurdpDaib gpdnoibleacaib an opoanaip lomcpuim 
abbail riioip hipm po puiDijpioc pop loncaib an DunaiD, 50 eelop a ppuamanna 
-\ a ppojapropmdn 1 celeinb aeoip, a ppoD, "] in imcfm uaoaib. l?o lapar 
Dponja Diomopa do poijmb a laoc po bun an baile eo cpealmaib cojalca 
mup leo, eo nfioft) nimpfmap momDainsfn niapnaije imd ecoppaib, co ccar- 
bappaib caeriipolupcaib ima efnoaib co leibfnD lamDfpDa do cpuinnpcciacaib 
eoiThlfcna epuaiD lapainn ina nuipnmceall Dia nimDfjail pop oiubpaiccib a 
namac. Nip bo copba Doibpiurh on an Dajpuabaipc Do bfpcpar pop an 
DunaiD, "i ba pfpp Doib na ciapcaip an rupap do beacacap Dm paijib, uaip 
po Ddilce ap an ecaiplen poppa ppoippcfca caep craiblij rremnribe a gonn- 
abaib popaijre pipDipje, 1 a mupecaeDib mopcopcaip, -| apaile Do caippjib 
cfnn^apbaib "j Do cpomclocaib cuimjre, Do jKiilsib, Do ponnaib bai pop 
raiblib an Dunaib po epcoriiaip a nDiubpaicre, co nap bo Dion no Damjfn do 
lucr na rojla na cumDaijce baccap poppa 50 po mubaijfb Dponja Dfprhdpa 
Dibpibe, 1 CO po pcciocai jfo apaill bdrcap bfojonca co nap onpac pe a 
naipleach ni bab pfpi, 1 Do bepcpac a nDpomanna ppi a naimoib co paeirheab 
poppa 5up an ecampa. bacap luce an Dunaib acea noiubpaccab ma nDeoDh- 
aib eo po mapbab cinncec ap eccmncec Diob. 

' Inis-Saimher, now called in Irish Imp Sam- cannon behind Hist. Cathol. Iber., torn 3, lib. 5, 

aoip, and sometimes Fish Island, from a fish- c. viii. fol. I60, 161. 

house which was built on it by the late Dr. " The castle of Ballyshannon. — The site of this 

Shell of Ballyshannon. It is situated imme- castle is pointed out in a field on the east side 

diately under the great cataract at Ballyshan- of the town of Ballyshannon, called the Castle 

ion. Park, but the walls are level with the ground 

" The ordnance. — P. O'Sullevan Beare states and scarcely traceable. 

■ that they planted four cannon against the castle " Mullach-Sithe-Aedha : i. e. the hill or sura- 

of Ballyshannon, which was then defended by mit of Aedh's tumulus, so called from Aedh 

Hugh Craphurd [Crawford], a Scotchman, with Ruadh mac Badhairn, king of Ireland, who was 

eighty soldiers, of whom some were Spaniards drowned in the Eiver Erne or Samhaoir, A. M. 

and the rest Irish. They left three of these 3603, according to O'Flaherty's Chronology, 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2029 

remain in this strange territory. This fleet put in at Inis-Saimer*, close to Assaroe, 
and landed their stores on the island, leaving a sufficient number to guard them. 
On Monday the ordnance" were landed and planted against the castle of Bally- 
shannon". The troops were then removed from the monastery to MuUach-Sithe- 
Aedha", opposite the fortress, and about the ordnance. On Monday, Tuesday, 
and Wednesday, they continued to fire on the castle" with heavy balls, emitted 
with loud report and flashing flames from the loud-sounding, red, shot-vomiting 
guns of that heavy and immense ordnance which they had planted opposite 
the fortress, so that their reports and loud thundering in the regions of the air 
were heard far and distant from them. They sent large parties of their choicest 
soldiers to the base of the castle with wall-razing engines, and with thick and 
strong iron armour about their bodies, and bright-shining helmets on their 
heads, and with a bright testudo of round, broad, hard iron shields around 
them, to protect them from the shots of their enemies. The resolute attack 
they made upon the fortress, however, was of no avail to them ; and it had 
been better for them that they had not come upon this journey against it ; for 
from the castle were poured down upon them showers of brilliant fire from 
well-planted, straight [aimed] guns, and from costly muskets, and some rough- 
headed rocks and massive solid stones, and beams and blocks of timber, which 
were [kept] on the battlements of the fortress, in readiness to be hurled down 
[when occasion required] ; so that the coverings of the razing party were of 
no shelter or protection to them, and great numbers of them were destroyed, 
and others who were severely wounded became so exhausted that they delayed 
not to be further slaughtered, and, turning their backs to their enemies, they 
were routed to the camp. The people of the fortress kept up a constant fire 
on them, and killed an unascertained number of them. 

and buried at this place. — See note °, under the ' They continued to fire on the castle The ori- 

year 1194, p. 99, supra. This hill is now called ginal could not bear to be literally translated 

Mullaghnashee, and the parish church of Bally- into English. The closest that could be under- 

shannon stands upon it. According to the tra- stood is the following : " They proceeded on 

dition at Ballyshannon, an ancient earthen fort, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, shooting at 

and the mound of Aedh Euadh, or Red Hugh, the bally with heavy, loud-sounding, fiery balls 

were destroyed in 1798, to form a modern Eng- from the loud-roaring, shot- vomiting guns of 

lish star-fort which now crowns the summit of that heavy and immensely great ordnance which 

Mullaghnashee. they planted opposite the fortress." The word 



2030 awHaca Rio^hachca eiReanN. [1597. 

Oo bfpcf ac Dponj Do mapcfloij Ui Dorhnaill paijin lompumcci pop mapc- 
ploij na ngall, -\ nip rd i ppopaicmfc no i ccuimne in po jonaD fcoppa cen- 
moca Ua concobaip SI1515 DonnchaD mac cacail 015 po jafcra eipi&e Don cup 
pin.uaip baf piDe -| o concobaip puab Cto6 mac roippDealbaij puaiD 1 repoicc 
na long co Ifon a pocpaicre i ppappaD an jobepnopa an can pm. 

O Domnaill Dna baipiDe 1 ccfipce ploij, •] in uachab pocaibe an Sacccpn 
canaicc an ^obepnoip jup an ccpombdim pin Don cfp. Ro bacap a Daoine 
1 a pocpaicce ace cfcclaim 1 ace cionol ay jac aipD ina Docom, 50 piacca- 
cap a nuprhop pia miDmfoon Dia luain. Udnaic Dm TTldjuiDip QoD mac con 
connacc mic conconnacc ") o Ruaipc 6pian 6cc, mac bpiain, mic 5piain 
ballaij CO na crionol ina Docom, "] lap poccain Do na maicib pin 1 ccfnn a 
poile, nfp bo puaimnfc pdoal po Ificcpioc Don jobepnoip co na plojaib, uaip 
po bai DeabaiD, 1 Diubpaccab, lomaipecc -\ lombualab, "] lompuaccab uara 
pop an ccampa jac laoi ppi pe na cpi Id po bacap pom a^ buancaicfm an 
baile. No cuipofp ploj ui Domnaill ciorhpa an campa connaccaij ma cfipc- 
mfbon, 1 a lap ina Ificimel co nd leiccDfp injelcpab Dm nfcbaib no Dia 
naipnfip cap colba an campa amach 1 nf mo po Ificcpioc pep, no apbap Dia 
paijib anonn. T?o bai cpa an jobepnoip co na ploj 1 ccfnnca -\ in lomcurhja 
moip Depibe, uaip jemab poab po bab lamn leo ni bai ina ccumanj aen dc 
coiccfnn pop an Gipne Do paijib 6 caoluipcce co hoc pfnaij. Nip bo pldn 
lap nd maicib a mfnma (jepbo hiolapba a pocpaicce) ap a ccfccmail 1 
nfoapbaojal amlaib pm aja nairiiDib. Qn can imoppo do bfpc an gobepnoip, 
na hiaplaba, 1 na maice apcfna Dia nuib an guappacc po mop ippabacap 
po jabpac 05 cpub a ccomaiple o cup oibche Dia ceDaom 50 Dopbpolup na 
maiDne Dia DapDain .1. an 15 DCtujupc. Comb paip Dfipib leo po Dfoib ipin 
moicDeaooil cfimniuccab ap a ccfpcajhaib on maijin 1 mbaccap hi Sich 
Qoba jup an Ifie amrhin, ajgaipb, puapppochaij, puDomain op up eappa 

caop, or caeji, means a mass of iron, a fire- from the lake. 

brand, a thunderbolt, but is here applied to a * Ath-Seanaigk, i. e. Seanach's Ford. This was 

cannon ball. It will be observed that Opounaip the name of a ford on the Eiver Erne at the 

is in the genitive case singular, governed by town of Ballyshannon, which has taken its name 

5onna6aib, from which it is clear that they from it. 

took ordnance to be a generic term. '' Rocky ford, Ific. — The word leic is the ob- 



z , 



' Cad- Visge, i. e. narrow water, now Cael-na- lique form of leac, a flag-stone, or flat surface, 
h-Eirne, where the Lower Eiver Erne escapes such as exists in many places at the bottom of 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2031 

A party of O'Donnell's cavalry made a routing attack upon the English 
cavalry ; and there is no record or remembrance of the numbers that were 
[mortally] wounded between them ; but, among the rest, O'Conor Sligo (Do- 
nough, the son of Cathal Oge) was severely wounded, for he and O'Conor Roe 
(Hugh, son of Turlough Roe) and Theobald-na-Long, with all their forces, were 
along with the Lord Justice at this time. 

O'Donnell, however, had been in want of forces, and had only a small num- 
ber on the Saturday on which the Lord Justice came into the country with 
this powerful force ; but his people and forces were assembling and flocking to 
him from every direction, so that the most of them had reached him before the 
noon of Monday. On this occasion Maguire (Hugh, the son of Cuconnaught, son 
of Cuconnaught) and O'Rourke (Brian Oge, the son of Brian, son of Brian Bal- 
lagh) came to join him, with their forces ; and after these chiefs had assembled 
together, they allowed the Lord Justice and his army neither ease nor rest, for 
they carried on skirmishing and firing, conflict, assault, and onslaught, on the 
camp, every day during the three days that they continued battering the castle. 
O'Donnell's army frequently drove those who were on the outskirts of the 
Connaught camp into the very centre of it, and those who were in the centre 
to the outskirts ; and they did not permit their horses or other cattle to go 
forth* outside the boundary camp to graze, nor did they permit hay or corn 
[to be carried] in to them. The Governor and his army were thus reduced to 
great distress and extremities ; for, though they should wish to depart, they 
could not approach any common ford on the Erne from Cael-Uisge' to Ath- 
Seanaigh^ The chiefs, though numerous were their forces, were much dispi- 
rited on finding themselves placed in such peril by their enemies. When, 
therefore, the Governor, the Earls, and the chiefs in general, had perceived the 
great danger in which they were, they held a consultation from the beginning 
of night on Tuesday, to the morning twihght of Wednesday, the 15th of 
August; and the resolution they finally came to at the day-break was, to ad- 
vance forward at once from the place where they were at Sith-Aedha to the 
rough, turbulent, cold-llreamed, rocky ford" over the brink of Assaroe, called 

the River Erne. In the Life of Hugh Roe an plije n-agaipB n-ainiiieinic pm, 1 po baoi 

O'Donnell the reading is as foUows : oo cpeipi t do cpennfpr hi ppuc na pfnaBann 

"Do bepq^ic lapom a n-uccBpuinne pop (arhail po ba bdpDi),-| Dainfcapjnioe na opurni 



•2032 awHaca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [isgj. 

puai6 DianiD ainm cappan na ccujiab, 50 po cinjpfc jan aipiuccab jan pop- 
cloipcecc DO pluajh Uf bomnaill ina noponjaib, "j ina noiopmaib gup an 
cconaip nanaicnib nainminic pin. T?o baf Do cpfipi an cppoca "] Dfinipce 
Dpuinge Don cplo^h "] a nfchpaiD lap ngabail a mbf6 poppa, 50 noeachaiD 
lion Dipime Da mnaib Da ppfpaib, Da naep anbpann andppacca, oa nfchaib, 
Da ccaiplib, -| Da gac nfpnail baf leo apcfna la ppuc fppa puaiD piap 
CO muip. T?o paccaibpior a nopoandp, -[ a ccongaib bfb -\ Dije ap cumap 
conallac Don chup pin. CIp a ai cfna do bfcacap aipij, -[ uaiple an cploijh, 
1 an po ba comnapr Diob cap eipne lap njabaiD 1 lap njuapacc mop. ]?o 
barap bapDa an baile acca noiubpaccaD arhail ap Deine conpanjacap, 1 po 
^abpac acca niaprhopacc 50 hup na babann ap bdij bapaijce a mbi oDbaD, "| 
pccel DO pocram 50 hua nDorfinaill co na ploj. Oc cualaiD o Domnaill pojup 
an Diubpaicce arpdcbc co na ploj po ceccoip, ciajaic ina ccpealmaib rpoDa 
50 cinneapnac, -| po cfimnijpioc jup an abainn amail ap Dfine po peopar. 
lap njlanab Do ploj an jobepnopa op up na babann Do coibpioc 1 ninnell, •] 
1 nopDuccab. Ro cuippior a mna, a njiollanpaiD, "] a naep Dfaipm, a ppip 
jonra, ■] ina mbai leo do caiplib capaipce fcoppa -j muip. l?o cuippioc a 
nanpaiD, -] a naep uppclaiji ma nDiuiD, ■] Don caob apaill a Ific ppi rfp ap 
ba Dfpb leo po jebDaip a cco5paini o na plojaib baccap ina niapmopacbc. 
Locap muincip uf Domnaill ina Ifnmain cap an abamn jan Dfccioll, 1 ni po 
anpac a nfpmop ppi a neDjab nac ppi a ppopbpuca ap a cinnepnaije leo 
cdppaccain an cploij locap pop elub uaca. l?o jabpac aga ccimcellab "] 

05 caijepab cpoDa ppiu co mbaccap aj caicfrh "] aj corhpuabaipc a cele 

6 Gpne CO majb cceDne bi ccoipppe Dpoma cliab. pfpcap jlep pleacbab 
ann an can pin 50 mbo bionjgnac a meD, co ndp cumaingpioc na ploij aDiu 

leice Duibfleiiiine map conaip coiccinn do passage of the great host, and moreover from 

rpomploj, -| Dan b'enepcne -| Do aolaije na the feebleness of the English, from the want of 

njall o'fpbaiD aipKeapca biD gup po baioic tli^ir proper ration of food, many of their men, 

lie Dia ppfpaiB, Dia tnnaiB, Dia neacaib, 1 oia women, steeds, and horses, were drowned and 

ccaiplib, 50 puce cpfcan an rppora 1 puboriiain carried by the impetuosity of the stream into 

eoppa puuiD lacr." the gulph of Assaroe." 

" They afterwards gave their breasts to the ' Casan-na-gCuradh, i.e. the path of the 

rough, unfrequented passage ; but from the heroes, translated Semita Heroum by P. O'Sul- 

strength and vehemence of the stream (as was levan Beare : 

usual with it), from the difficulty of the black " Regij maiores Catholicorum vires timentes, 

and slippery surface of the flag, as the common ab Odonello acrius indies pugnis quassi, & de- 



1.597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2033 

Casan-na-gCuradh', and they advanced to that [to them] unknown and seldom- 
crossed trajectus, in troops and squadrons, without being noticed or lieard by 
O'Donnell. In consequence of the strength of the current, and the debihty of 
some of the army and the horses, from having been deprived of food, a count- 
less number of their women, and men of their inferior, unwarlike people, of 
their steeds and horses, and of other things they had with them, were swept 
out westwards into the sea by the current of Assaroe. They left their ord- 
nance and their vessels of meat and drink in the power of the Kinel-Connell 
on this occasion. The chiefs and gentlemen of the army, however, and such 
of them as were strong, crossed the Erne after great danger and peril. The 
warders of the castle continued firing on them as rapidly as they were able, 
and pursued them to the brink of the river, in order to exterminate their 
enemies; and intelligence [of their movements] reached O'Donnell and his 
army. When O'Donnell heard the report of the firing, he immediately rose 
up with his forces, and, having qiiickly accoutred themselves in their fighting 
habiUments, they advanced to the river as speedily as they could. When the 
Governor's army had cleared the opposite bank of the river they went into 
order and battle array. They placed their women, their calones, their unarmed 
people, their wounded men, and such of their horses of burden as they had, 
between them and the sea. They placed their warriors and fighting men be- 
hind them, and on the other side towards the country, for they were certain 
of receiving an attack by those forces who had pursued them. O'Donnell's 
people went in pursuit of them across the river without delay ; and they were 
so eager to wreak their vengeance on the army that fled from them that they 
did not wait to put on their armour or outer garments. They began to sur- 
round them and sharpen the conflict against them, and both parties continued 
shooting and attacking each other from the Erne to Magh-gCedne in Carbury- 
Drumcliflr^. At this time there fell a shower of rain in such torrents that the 

fessi, obsidione soluta, tribus tormentis relictis, eo die regij trecenti perierunt." — Fol. 161. 
quartoque vix in nauim, qua fuit vectum, im- The name is still remembered, and the ford 

posito, summo mane flumen per quod venerant, pointed out, immediately above the great cata- 

traijcientes, in vadum cui nomen est Semita ract of Assaroe. 

Heroum, sese tam incomposite prjecipitant vt >• Magh-gCedne, ^c. — This should be : " From 

nonnuUi obruantur. Fugientes sequitur Odon- the Erne through Magh-gCedne, and until they 

ellus interimens nonnullos, Flumine & ferro arrived in Carbury of Drumcliflf." 

12 c 



2034 aHNQta Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1597. 

nac anall a naipm DiomluaD, no oimipc, 50 po pliuchab a bpocome puDmp, 
•] jlepa a njlan jonnaD. Qcc ba moa \\o Id pop muincip Ui Dorhnaill na 
ppoppa pfpcana hipin, indp pop ploj an jobepnopa ap po paccaibpioc a 
ppopbpuca ariiail perhebeprmap. Nip bo pamlaib rpa Don luce naile baoap 
eiDijre iaDpui6e op cfnn a neppab Dm necraip. 

Oo C01& an gobepnoip co na plojaib 50 Sligec in aohaij pin, ap na rhapach 
50 mainipcip na buille, 1 an cpeap Id 50 cuaic dca liacc. Ro pccaoilpioc 
tnaice connacc Dia ccipib "] Dia rcijiB, "| an jobepnoip 50 baile ara luain. 

Roprap pubaij poirhfnmnaij jaoiDil coicciD ulaD lap poaD an lupcfp a cip 
eojain gan umla, jan aicnDin,"] an gobepnopa a rip conaill in aen mi amail 
po pccpiobamap. 

lap ppaccbail cipe heojain Don luprfp amail po perhpdiDpiomap, "] lap 
ppaccbdil bib, "] bdpDa ipm bpopc nua pin Do coccaiB pe pfin ap bpu abann 
moipe Do DechaiD 50 liar cliac. Oala Uf neill co na muincip ni anab pi6e co 
Ificc DO 16 -| DoiDche, jan bfir Do ^\\ey ace reccappacuain baojail jabdla, no 
jona pop an bpopc pin, no pop an mbdpDa bdcrap ann. In apoile laice po 
lonnpaij piurii an baile bipin, "j po mqpbaD Dfichnebup ap picic Dia Daoinib, "] 
nf po cuitiainj ni Don baile. O po piDip an lupcip a bdpoa do bfic ag a 
mfpccbuaiDpeaD arhlaiD pin, -j a mbfic 1 ccfipcce loin po cionoil ploj Idnriiop 
do cocc do cop biD 1 jac nabailcce apcfna ipin mbaile. Qp crocc Don lupcip 
CO na ploj CO hapomacha po ^luaippiDe co mapcploij an cpluaij ina uipcim- 
cell ipin cconaip ccoiccinn Co pia na paiJDiuipib ■) pia na coipijcib ap Daij 50 
ppuicchbeab Dpong eiccin Do muincip Ui neill 1 nfoapbaojal. Qn can painicc 
1 ccoriipocpaib abann moipe ap ann Do pala mogal mapcploij, -\ ppuiclejaD 
paijDiuipiDe DO muincip ui neill Do. Ro pfpaD lomaipecc amnap -| lompua- 
ccab eapccaipDfmail fcoppa. Ro mapbab Daoine 1 po pdccbab eic on lupcip 
ipin njleo cpoiD pin. O panjacap a pai^Diuipi Do paijib an lupcip do coib 

• The apparatus of their fine guns, jlepa a Compend., torn. 3, lib. 4, c. iii. : 

njlan jonnao. — These were match-looks. " O'Nellus quandoquidem frustra conatus est 

f Thirty of his men were slain. — From the no- Ardmachffi prsesidium commeatu intercludere, 

tices of this fort given in the Life of Hugh Roe Portmorem saltern munimentum cibi inopia in 

O'Donnell, it would appear that this fort was suam potestatem redigere molitur. Quod obsi- 

one of very considerable strength. P. O'Sullevan denti OdoneUus, qui venit auxilio, persuasit, vt 

Beare gives the following account of O'Neill's expugnare tentaret. Eius altitudinem coniec- 

attempt at taking it in his Hist. Cathol. Iber. tura dimensi, scalas, quae quinos homines ampli- 



15g7.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2036 

forces on either side could not use or wield their arms, so drenched with wet 
were their powder-pouches and the apparatus of their fine guns'. These showers 
of rain did more injury to O'Donnell's people than to the Governor's army; for 
they [the former] had left their outer garments behind, as we have said before; 
but not so the others, they wore coverings over their battle dresses. 

The Governor proceeded with his forces to Sligo that night ; from thence 
on the next day to the abbey of Boyle, and on the third day to the district of 
Athleague. The chiefs of Connaught, then dispersed from their territories and 
houses, and the Governor went to Athlone. 

The Irish of the province of Ulster were joyful and in high spirits after the 
Lord Justice had returned from Tyrone without receiving submission or 
respect, and the Governor [of Connaught] from Tirconnell, in the same month, 
as we have just mentioned. 

When the Lord Justice had left Tyrone, as we have before stated, after 
having placed provisions and warders in the new fort, which he himself had 
erected on the bank of the River Abhainn-Mhor, he went to Dublin. As for 
O'Neill and his people, he rested neither day nor night, but watched every 
opportunity of taking this fort by stratagem or assault, or wreaking his ven- 
geance on the garrison. On a certain day he attacked the fort ; but thirty of 
his men were slain', and he effected nothing against the fort. When the Lord 
Justice received intelligence that his warders were harassed in this manner, and 
that they were in want of provisions, he mustered a numerous army to place 
provisions and all other necessaries in the fort. When the Lord Justice, with 
his army, had arrived at Armagh, he went with the cavalry of the army about 
him along the public road, some distance before his foot-soldiers and companies, 
with the expectation of meeting some of O'Neill's people in an unprotected 
position. When he came near the Abhainn-Mor he fell in with a troop of horse 
and a body of infantry of O'Neill's people. A fierce conflict and spiteful engage- 
ment ensued between them, [and] many men and horses were lost by the Lord 
Justice in that sharp battle. When the foot soldiers had come up with the 
Lord Justice, he advanced to the fort, and some say that he was never well 

tudine capiebant, faciunt, perfectasque muni- tinant, & appropinquantes bombardicis pilulis 
mento incipiunt admouere. Eos propugnatores impugnant, ab iis vicissim impugnati. Arci scalte 
primum crebris tormentorum ictibus arcere fes- applicantur. Cseterum propugnatores qui didi- 

12 c 2 



2036 aHHQta Rioshaclica emeaNH. [1597. 

Don pupc,i acbfpac apoile nap bo plan porn on 16 pin olle. T?o paccaibpior 
biab, 1 bdpoa ipin mbaile ap na mapac. Ro cpiallpac cocc rap anaip, -] m 
beacacap rap Qpnmaca in aohaij pin. T?o ba6 1 ccappar, no in apach po 
lomcaippioc a mumcip (no a raipipij 1 a aep jpa&a) an luprip gan piop 
Duprhop a ploij an la pin. Ro baf caicfrh, 1 coimoeabaio ap campa an lupcip 
6 Ua neill an aobaij pin oia po mapbaD dpD ihaop an rpluaij -| pocame ele 
cenmorapom. T?o apccnarap appem co hiubap cmncpaja. puaip an lupcip 
bap ipin mbaile pm po bicin na njon do paoaD paip ace cocc a hQpDmaca 
5up an bpopc nua. CuccaD coimfcc cloiDirii an pigh Don cponpilep, -] do 
lupcip bemnpi an pijh .1. Sip Robfpc gapDinep 50 cope do lupcip nua Sajcoib. 
O Dorhnaill Dna ba D01I15 laippiDe an gobepnoip -| na hiaplaba do cepnuD 
arhail do epnacap, ■] ap a ai ni po lonnpaij cfccap nae Diob apoile 50 diud 
pojmaip. ba poDa la hUa nDorhnaill bdccap 501II connacc gan ammup 
poppa, 1 popp an luce po eipij ina cconibaij, 1 Do pome a muinceapup ppip- 
pium peccpiarh. ba DibpiDe 6 concobaip puaD Ctob mac coippDealbai^ 
puamh, bai pium aja pccpuDab cionnap no cpeacpaD a cpioc. ba DoDaing 
Dopomh on inopin, ap ba hinnill aimpfiD an cionab 1 nibaoi, -] ba poccup do 
an cionaD ina ccuippeaD a innili 1 a rhaoine apcfna aT[\ loin^abail a biobbab 
muna ciopca jan pacuccab paip. Ro geall o Ruaipc Doporh nac Ificcpeab 
d Dorhnaill jan piop Dia paijiD gan pabab Do cop cuicce. Ro nonoil O Dorh- 
naill a plo^, 1 DO coib 1 cconnaccaib 50 po aipip ppi ^Ifnn Dalldin a niapbfp, 
jabaip lon^popc bipuibe. lap ppiop pccel D(S co mbai an capacpab pin ecip 
Ua puaipc 1 6 concobaip, ba pi c^alcc Do pao im ua puaipc, a cecca do cop 
Dia paijib Dia cocuipeao jup an longpopc 1 mboi piurh. Ro jeall Ua puaipc 
[ceacc] cuccae ap a bapach,"] ni po paoil 50 ppuicpfb Ua Dorhnaill an longpopc 
50 cciopab pom ina bocom Nfp bo hfb pin do poine Ua Dorrinaill, ace lap 
ccop a cecca 50 hUa puaipc po pdccaib a longpopc lap mlbon laf, -) po Ificc 
Dap Sliccech bubbfp, 1 nf po aipip co painic 50 coipppliab. Oo jnf lompui- 
peac bfcc ann pin co po cocaicpioc a rhuincip nf Dia loincib, ■] co po Ificcpioc 

cerant, scalas in se sedificari, fossam, qua; muni- natoribus frustra prseliantur. Qua; vero scala; 

mentum circumdabat, excauando profundiorem ad arcis summitatem pertinebant, tarn paucse 

effecerant. Ob quod scalse plerseque ad cacu- fuerunt, vt facile primi ascensores occisi sint, 

men arcis non pertingebant. Ita qui ad summos antequam a commilitonibus fuerint adiuti. Cen- 

scalarum gradus peruenerant, altius ascendere tumvigintiCatholici interierunt,&c." — Fol.149. 

non valentes, deficientibus scalis, cum propug- « The Chancellor He was Adam Loftus, 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2037 

from that day forth. On the next day they left provisions and warders in the 
fort, and then prepared to return back, but went no further than Armagh that 
night. It was in a carriage or in a litter that his people (or his faithful friends 
and servants of trust) carried the Lord Justice on that day, without the know- 
ledge of the greater part of his army. O'Neill kept up a constant fire and attack 
upon the Lord Justice's camp during the night, by which the chief leader of 
the army and several others besides were slain. From thence they proceeded 
to Newry, and he died of the wounds which he had received between Armagh 
and the new fort. The keeping of the sword of state was then intrusted to the 
Chancellor^ and the [Chief] Justice of the King's [Queen's] Bench, Sir Kobert 
Gardiner, until a new Lord Justice should come from England. 

O'Donnell was greatly chagrined that the Governor and the Earls should 
have escaped as they did. There was, however, no attack" from either side 
until the end of Autumn. O'Donnell thought it too long that he had left un- 
attacked the English of Connaught and those Irish who had risen in alliance 
with them, and who had previously made friendship with himself. Among 
these was O'Conor Roe (Hugh, the son of Turlough Roe) ; and he [O'Donnell] 
was meditating how he could plunder his territory. This was very difficult 
for him to do ; because the position he occupied was secure and intricate, and 
he had near him a fastness into which he could send his cattle and other pos- 
sessions, beyond the reach of his enemies, unless they should come upon him 
imawares ; [and] O'Roiirke had promised him that he would not permit O'Don- 
nell to march towards him without sending him notice. O'Donnell assembled 
his forces, and proceeding into Connaught, halted south-west of Gleann-Dallain', 
where he pitched his camp. When he received intelligence that a friendship 
subsisted between O'Rourke and O'Conor, he deceived O'Rourke by sending 
messengers to him to invite him, to his camp where he was. O'Rourke pro- 
mised to go to him on the following day ; for he thought that O'Donnell would 
not leave the camp until he should arrive there ; but O'Donnell did not act so; 
for, after he had sent his messengers to O'Rourke, he left the camp at noon, 
and, proceeding southwards across the Sligo, never stopped until he arrived 
at the Curlieu Mountain. Here he made a short stay, while his troops were 

Archbishop of Dublin. them attack the other till the end of Autumn." 

' " No attack: literally, " Howbeit neither of ' Gleann-Dallain, now Glencar, near Sligo. 



2038 aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1597. 

a pcip, 1 ona nip bo hdil laif p Dol caji pliab bu6t)ff la foillpi an lai lOip. 
lap crocc upcopaij na hoiohce Dia f 01516 looap cap an plmb bubbrp, "] cap 
buill 50 pangacap cpia maj luipcc an oajDa, -\ cpia muinchmn machaipe 
connacc pia maoain. l?o Ificcpioc a pccfirfielca uaca i nupcopac lai po 
Diarhpaib *] po bicpebaib na cpice ina nuipcimcell co na po pdccaibpioc miol 
ninnili o ach Slipfn co babjna,"] po cpfchloipcceab leo ina mbaoi fcoppa pibe. 
lompaibic lapam ina pppicmg co na mbocamcib,"] co neoalaib lomba led 6a 
habnap la hUa puaipc an cip Do cpeachab jan aipiuccab 06, nip bo luja ba 
mela lap an njobepnoip Sip conepp clipopc cpeachlopccab an cipe bai po a 
Thamup, "1 po a cumaccaib. 

Sloicceab la ITldsuibip Qob, mac conconnachc, mic conconnacc, 1 Id 
copbmac mac pipDopca, mic cuinn bacaij nf neill (ap cappamg pfl ppfpjail) 
50 muilfnn cfpp na mibe 50 po cpfcbpac an cip ma ccimcell, "] po Ifip 
pcpiopab leo an TTluiirno cfpp pfm, co ndp paccaibpioc acmaofn Dop, no 
Daipjfc, Durha, na Diapann, oeoeb na ofppabaib allmupba, nd oaoin ni bub 
eiDip Diomcap no do ciomdin ipin mbaile gan a cabaipc leo, "] ace cocc Doib 
cap a naip Do cuippioc an baile cpe Doijip Donnpuaib bfpcclappac, 1 ciajaic 
laparh plan Dia ccijibh. 

Oilen buicilep injfn lapla upmuman .1. Piapup puab, mac Semaip, mic 
cmainn, mic RipofipD bfn an oapa hiapla do hoipDneab ap cuabmumain .1. 
Donnchab, mac concobaip mic coippbealbaij uf bpiam Decc. 

TTIuipcfpcac ullcac mac Sfain Decc 1 nDpuim na loipce 10 peb. lapp an 
nomab bliabain ochcmojac a aoi'pi. 

Sip lohn nopuip bai na jenepal ap coccab na bainpiojan ipm pppainjc, "| 
1 nepmn do bol Don rhumain lap mbuain a oippici be lap an lupcip nua po 
cainicc 1 nepmn po beoib. 6af pibe hi ppappab a bfpbpacap Sip comap 
nopuip bai na ppepiDenp uabaporh ipin mumam ppi pe Da bliaban Decc 
poime pm. T?o jab galap Sip lohn 50 po ecc m oibne 1 ppojmap na bliabna 

J Magh-Luirg-an-Daghda, i. e. the plain of the River Uair, near Elphin. — See it already men- 
tracts of Daghda, who was king of the Tuatha tioned at the years 1288, 1309, 1342, 1595. 
De Dananns, anglice Moylurg, now the plains of " Baghna, now Slieve Baune, a well-known 
Boyle, in the county of Roscommon. mountain in the east of the county Roscommon. 

^ Upper part. — TTIuincinn .i. uaccap, O'Clery '^ Second Earl of Thomond, literally, "the 

in Leabhar Gabhala, p. 3. second Earl who was inaugurated over Tho- 

' Ath-Slisean, now Beal Atha-Slisean, on the mond," is not correct phraseology, according to 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2039 

taking some refreshments and resting themselves, because he did not at all 
wish to pass southwards over the mountain by dayhght. When the beginning 
of night came on them they proceeded southwards over the mountain and 
across the River Boyle ; and before morning they had passed through Magh- 
Luirg-an-Daghda\ and the upper part" of Machaire-Chonnacht. Early in the 
day they sent marauding parties into the wilds and recesses of the country in 
every direction ; and these left not a single head of cattle from Ath-Slisean' to 
Baghna"", and they plundered and burned all that lay between these limits. 
They then returned back with their herds of kine and many other spoils. 
O'Rourke was ashamed that the country should have been plundered without 
his knowledge ; and the Governor, Sir Conyers Clifford, was not less grieved 
that a country, which was under his rule and jurisdiction, should have been 
[thus] plundered and bixrned. 

An army was led by Maguire (Hugh, the son of Cuconnaught, son of 
Cuconnaught), and Cormac, the son of Ferdorcha, son of Con Bacagh O'Neill, 
at the instance of the OTarrells, to MuUingar, in Meath, and they preyed the 
country around them, and totally pillaged Mullingar itself, in which they did 
not leave in the town any property of gold, silver, copper, iron armour, or 
foreign wares, or any other thing that could be carried or driven from the 
town, which they did not take away with them. Upon their return back they 
set the town in a dark, red blaze and conflagration; and they afterwards 
returned safe to their homes. 

Ellen Butler, the daughter of the Earl of Ormond (Pierce Roe, the son of 
James, son of Edmond, son of Richard), and wife of the second Earl of 
Thomond" (Donough, the son of Conor, son of Turlough O'Brien), died. 

Murtough Ultach [Donlevy], the son of John, died at Druim-na-loiste°, on 
the 10th of February, after [having passed] the eighty-ninth year of his age. 

Sir John Norris, who had been the General of the Queen's army in France 
and Ireland, was deprived of his office by the new Lord Justice, who had last 
arrived in Ireland, and went to Munster, where he remained with his brother, 
Sir Thomas Norris, who had been previously President under him of Munster 
for the period of twelve years. John was seized with a disease and died sud- 

the English law of succession. land in the parish of Inver, barony of Banagh, 

" Druim-na-loiste, now Drumnalust, a town- and county of Donegal. 



2040 aNNQca TJio^hachca eineaNN. [1597. 

•po. 1 ba he Sip comap pob omhpe ap a forhaoinib. Qn Sip comay^ pn do 
^noujaD na hoippici ceona pin bai aicce pfin poirhe pin .1. bfir na ppeipmenc 
mp necc a 6fpbparap; 

Gmann, mac uillicc na ccfno, mic Riocaipo, mic uillicc cnuic cuaj o haile 
hiliji Decc hi Sampab na blioDna po. 

Qn oubalrac mac cuacail uf concobaip Decc. 

Conn, -] Diapmaicr Da mac an Dubalcaij pin, -| mac mec Diapmaca 
maije luipcc .1. TDaolpuanaiD, mac bpiain, mic Ruai&pi, mic caibj Do 60I pa 
baile TTlhec oduiD .1. glinnpcci 50 po ^abpac jabala. Qcc pilleab ooib co na 
ccpeic on mbaile pncc moc meic oduiD oppa i luib na Sucae 50 pafi'meab 
poppa, mapbrap laip conn o concobaip in aen Idm itiapcaij ap luga pob 
olc I cconnacraib, -[ an TTlaolpuanaiD pin mac mec Diapmara, -| Dpong mop 
DO Daoinib uaiple cenmordc. Oo raeD mac TTlheic DauiD Dia ci^h lap 
mbuaiD ccopccaip ; 

ITlac uilliam do rocc Dia cfp po pamain na bliaDna po .1. repoicc mac 
udceip ciocaigh, 1 a bfich arhaiD i noaingnignb a Duichce Daimbfoin a eap- 
ccapac. Na humaill Do cpeachab laip an ran pin,-| a bfpbparaip Uomdp 
Do rhapbab 1 ccloinn rhuipip na mbpij Don cup ceDna. 

Sfan occ mac RiocaipD mic Sfain an cfpmainn do mapbab ap lonnpaijib 
oiDce la cuiD t)o cloinn nDomnaill ap oilen na nenuigfo ap pionnloc cfpae. 

lap ppdccbail bapiiin innpi ui chuinn 1 ccip conaill amail a Dubpamap, 
rapla peapann ma peilb an can pin, 1 1 peilb a pinnpeap pfime ap bpu na 
Sionna Don caoib call, pope cpoipi a comainm. Qn can ac cualacap bup- 
caijh bpuaicch na Sionna,-) clann uilliam aep cpi maiji bdp an bapuin, appeab 
po chinnpioc a hujDappdp pfncaipce a pinnpeap coipmfpcc Do cop ap poi- 

P Died suddenly. — P. O'Sullevan Beare tells a ^ Mac David. — He was the head of a sept of 

strange story about Sir John Norris and the the Burkes who were seated at Glinske, nea* 

Devil, which would do credit to the writer of the River Suck, in the east of the county of 

the Life of Dr. Faustus See it already referred Galway. 

to at p. 2021, supra. ' The Owles, i. e. the baronies of Murresk 

'^Edmondof Baile- Hilighi, i.e. EdmonA Burke and Burrishoole, in the west of the county of 

of Balleely, in the barony of Loughrea, and Mayo, 

county of Galway. " Clann- Muiris-na-mBrigh, i. e. Clanmaurice 

■■ Died. — Charles O'Conor adds that he died of Brees, now the barony of Clanmorris, in the 

at Breaccluin, now Bracklon, near Strokestown, county of Mayo. The ruins of the Castle of 

in the county of Roscommon. Brees, from which this territory received the 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2041 

denly'' in the autumn of this year ; and Sir Thomas was the heir to his pro- 
perty. Sir Thomas continued in the same office after the death of his brother. 

Edmond (the son of Ulick-na-gCeann, son of Richard, son of UUck of 
Cnoc-Tuagh), of Baile-Hilighi", died in the summer of this year. 

Dubhaltach, the son of Tuathal O'Conor, died'. 

Con and Dermot, the two sons of this Dubhaltach, and the son of Mac 
Dermot of Moylurg (Mulrony, the son of Brian, was son of Eory, son of 
Teige), made an irruption into Glinske, the castle of Mac David', and took 
preys. On their return from the castle with their booty, the son of Mac 
David came up with them at a sinuous winding of the Suck, and defeated 
them, and slew Con O'Conor, by no means one of the least expert horsemen 
in Connaught, Mulrony Mac Dermot, already named, and many other gentle- 
men. The son of Mac David then returned home in triumph. 

Mac William (Theobald, the son of Walter Kittagh) returned to his terri- 
tory at Allhallowtide this year, and remained in the fastnesses of his country 
in despite of his enemies. During this time he plundered the Owles'. His 
brother, Thomas, was slain in Clann-Muiris-na-mBrigh", on the same occasion. 

John Oge, the son of Rickard, son of John of the Termon, was slain in a 
nocturnal assault by a party of the Clann-Donnell, on an island of Annies* in 
Finnloch-Ceara". 

At the time when the Baron pf Inchiquin was lost in Tirconnell, as we 
have stated, he had in his possession, as his ancestors had before him, lands on 
the farther brink of the Shannon, called Port-croisi". When the Burkes of the 
Shannon side, the Clann- William of Aes-tri-Maighe^,had heard of the death of 
the Baron, they resolved, on the authority of an old charter of their ancestors, 

distinguished adjunct of na-mBrigh, are still note *, under the year 1506, p. 1287, supra. 
to be seen in the parish of Mayo in this barony. ' Aes-tri Maighe: i. e. the people of the three 

" Annies, in the parish of Eobeen, barony plains, now the barony of Clanwilliam, in the 

of Kilmaine, county of Mayo — See Genealogies, north-east of the county of Limerick. Accord- 

Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, ^. AQQ. ing to O'Heerin's topographical poem, this 

" i^j'nnZocA-Ceara, now Lough Carra, near Bal- territory had belonged to the Irish family of 

linrobe, in the county of Mayo. — See Genealogies, O'Conaing. They were dispossessed, shortly 

4rc., of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 49 1 . after the English Invasion, by the Clann- William 

* Port Croisi, now Portcrush, a townland on Burke, who fixed their chief residence at Cais- 

the south side of the Shannon, in the parish of lean-Ui-Chonaing, i. e. O'Conaing's Castle, now 

Castleconnell, and county of Limerick. See corruptly anglicised Castleconnell. 

12 D 



2042 aHNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1597. 

jmomaib muinncipe an ba|iuin,i a macap (.1. maiiijpecc injfn comaip cioy>occ) 
ipn ppfponn pr\. Oo cooap Djiong do cenel pfpmaic (.1. Ducaij an bapum) 
1 ccionn mhaipspeige Do con^narfi, -| Do cuiDiuccaD ppia. Oo cuaiD Dna 
TTlaipspej, -\ an luce pm DionnpaijiD a mfirle "] a mumnnpe cb pope cpoipi. 
O T?o piDippioc na biipcaigh pempdicce an nf pm .1. Uomap, mac repoicr, 
niic uilliam, mic emainn, 1 uillfcc mac uilbam, mic emainn po cionoilpioc an 
bon ay lia po peopac "| po lonnpaijpior TTlaipjpecc -| muinncip an bapiim. 
peacap pccamnfp cp66a fcoppa -| jep bo huachab Do riiumnnp an bapuin po 
jabpar 50 cp66a agd nimDfjail buDfin. T?o mapbaD DajDaofne fcoppa ap 
jach raeb. Ro paccbab do Ifich bupcach uillecc mac Uilliam bupc, mic 
Gmainn, "j cpiup no cfcpap do bajbaoinib ele. Uopcaip Dna bfop Don caeb 
apaill Q06 o hoccdm, an caen mac Duine oipecca ap lu ja pob olc maic, 1 
mme baf 1 cconncae an cldip, -) DajDume ele .1. ITlupchaD, mac DonnchaiD, 
mic mupchaib puaiD, mic bpiain,") mac an cpuipijh .1. conlap mac Cpiopcopa. 

Capcin cipial, Capcin nunjenc, caemdnaij, Sfol cconcobaip pailjij Siol 
mopDa, 1 jabal pajnaill Do bfic, ace oenarh coccaiD, pojla, 1 Dibfipge moipe 
lUaijnib, 1 1 mbumlepcoib 6 pel TTluipe 50 noDlaicc moip na bliabna po,-] ap 
eirtiilc a pccpiobaD an po loicpioc, -| in po millpioc ip na npib pin ppip an 
pe pin. Ro mapbab leo Dna Da banna puipc laoijipi an peccrhab la Do 
becembep. 

^obepnoip caippje pCpjupa -) cpi banna paijDiuip amaiUe ppip Do rhap- 

* Their mother. — Murrough O'Brien, fourth of reapers," which is unquestionably the mean- 
Baron of Inchiquin, who was drowned in the ing of the word in the text, for the baron was 
River Erne in 1597, was married to Margaret, drowned in July, and this rencounter between 
the daughter of Sir Thomas Cusack, Lord Chan- the Burkes of Castleconnell and his wife Marga- 
cellor of Ireland, and had by her Dermot, fifth ret took place soon after. The word mecel is 
Baron of Inchiquin, and other children. The explained in Cormac's Glossary thus: 
baron's own mother was Mable, eldest daughter "Hlerel, quasi meral, ah eo quod est meto." 
of Christopher Nugent, Baron of Delvin. '' Gavall-RannaU. — This was the tribe name 

^ Kinel-Fearmaic. — This was originally the of the O'Byrnes of Eanelagh, in the present 

tribe name of the O'Deas, but it was at this county of Wicklow, of whom Felim, the son of 

period applied to a territory co-extensive with Fiagh O'Byrne, was chief at this period, 
the present barony of Inchiquin, in the county ' To Christmas: literally " from the festival of 

of Clare. Mary to the Big Christmas of this year." 

"^ Reapers The word meirel, which makes ^Port-Leix — This is still the Irish name of the 

meicle in the genitive singular, is still used in town of Maryborough, in the Queen's County. 

the south-east of Munster to denote " a party 8 The Governor of Carrickfergus. He was Sir 



1597.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2043 

to prevent the Baron's family and their mother* (i. e. Margaret, the daughter of 
Thomas Cusack) from working on those lands. A party of the people of 
Kinel-Fearmaic'', the Baron's territory, went to aid and assist Margaret, and 
she set out with them to her reapers' and people to Port-croisi. When the 
aforesaid Burkes, namely, Thomas, the son of Theobald, son of William, son of 
Edmond, andUlick, the son of William, son of Edmond, had learned this, they 
assembled as large a number as they were able, and attacked Margaret and 
the Baron's people. A fierce battle was fought between them ; and though 
the Baron's people were few in number, they proceeded valiantly to defend 
themselves. Several gentlemen were slain between them on both sides. On 
the side of the Burkes fell Ulick, the son of William, son of Edmond Burke, 
and three or four other gentlemen. On the other side also there fell Hugh 
O'Hogan, by no means the least distinguished son of a chieftain, for goodness 
and wealth, in the county of Clare, with another gentleman, namely, Murrough, 
the son of Donough, the son of Murrough Roe, son of Brian [O'Brien], and 
the son of Cruise, namely, Thomas, the son of Christopher. 

Captain Tyrrell, Captain Nugent, the Kavanaghs, the O'Conors Faly, the 
O'Mores, and the Gavall-Ranall'', were making great war, plunder, and insur- 
rection in Leinster, and in the country of the Butlers, from the festival of the 
Virgin Mary to the Christmas' this year ; and it would be tedious to write of 
all they plundered and destroyed in these territories during this period. On 
the 7 th day of December they slew two bands of soldiers that were stationed 
in Port-Leix^ 

About Allhallowtide this year the Governor of Carrickfergus^ and three 

•John Chichester, the brother of Sir Arthur, the darij bombardarios aggrediuntur : a Catholicis 
founder of the Donegal family. P. O'Sullevan regij propulsantur. lohannes cum equitatu veni- 
Beare gives the following account of this ren- ens auxUio bombardarios suos restituit in pug- 
counter, in his Hist. CcUhol. Ibern. ^c, torn 3, nam, & Catholicos recedere cogit. laimus quoque 
lib. 4, c. ii. foL 149. equitatum in pugnam ducens bombardarijs suis 
" Hyeme sequente Joannes Chichester An- confirmatis in lohannem proruit, & tribus hastsu 
gluseques Auratus,quiRupemFargusiamarcem ictibus percussus, lorica tamen defenditur. lo- 
firmo prsesidio tenebat, cum peditibus quingentis, hannes occisus equo labat, cuiius etiam equita- 
& equitum turma prsedatum egreditur. Cui fit tus, & peditatus terga vertit. Sequitur laimus 
obuius ad Alfracham tumulum, & vadum laimus per tria circiter millia vsque ad arcem, per quod 
Macdonellus Glinniae princeps peditibus quadrin- interuallum, regijs, vt quisque a Catholicis cursu 
gentis, & equitibus sexaginta stipatus. Bombar- superabatur, occisis, vix cladis nuncij eflfuge- 

12 D 2 



2044 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1597. 

ba6 la Semuf mac Sorfiaiple bui6e mec DOTfinaiU hi ccloinn Qo&a bui&e po 
Shamhain na bliabna po. 

Clann cpicijh .1. TTlupchab baclamac mac mupchaib bailb, mic majnupa 
mec piclnj CO na 6fpbpacaip l?uai6pi, 1 Gmann, mac mupchaiD bacaij, mic 
Gmamn mic majnupa mec picigh do bapuccab la sallaib a lop a ccoccaib, ") 
a noibfipcce. 

lap necc an luprip .1. Uomap lopo bupough ipin lubap Do bicin a jor,") lap 
ccabaipc coiifieDa cloiDim an pij 1 nGpmn Don cpompilep, -] do Sip RobfpD 
japDinep lupcip bfinnpi an pij amail do paiDfmap, ba he neach Dia po hop- 
DaicceaD jenepalacr coccaiD, "] piorcana na hGpenn Diapla upmuman .1. 
comap, mac Semup, mic piapuip puaiD, comb aipe pin do jabab oppab erip 
an lapla pin -| maire coiccib ulab. Nfp bo cian lap pin 50 noeachaib an 
jenepal .1. an ciapla upmuman pin, 1 lapla cuabmutnan .1. Donnchab mac 
concobaip 1 ccoicceab ulab 1 mi oecembep gap pia noolaic, -] po baccap pfin, 
O neill, 1 O Domnaill ppi pe rfopa noibce in aen maijin 1 lomluab pioba 
ecip na hiaplabaib pin a hucc na bainpiojan ppi gaoibelaib Ifire cuinn,-] pob 
e cpiochnuccab a noala, pir Do benam ecip galloib 1 jaoibelaib pa moiD na 
niaplab pin 50 belcaine ap ccinD. Uecca 1 pccpibenna na njaoibel pem- 
paicce, piop na naipcfccal -| na ccoinjell ap a njeboaip pic Doib pfin, 1 Da 
ccompann coccaib in jach aipm 1 mbaccap do cop Do pai^ib na bainpio^na 
50 Sa;roib la hiapla cuabmuman, -| gibe pccela do nucpab anoip 1 mbelcaine 
imipr a bup Dia pfip. 

O concobaip pliccij Donnchab mac cacail oicc, do bol 1 8a;roib Ob hCcc 
pia noDlaic na bliabna po. 

runt. Barnabal Baro cum'Midhiensibus oopijs that connects itself with this Lord's name is the 

Angloibernis, & aliquot Anglis cohortibus Au- doubt that exists as to the manner of spelling 

riliam deuastans a Macmagauno Aurilise prin- it ; some writing Burke, while Camden makes 

cipe funditur, & fugatur." it Borough, and the owner of the name himself 

Lodge, however, says that Mac Donnell had wrote Bourgh." 

laid an ambuscade for Chichester. Camden calls him "Thomas Baro jBoro«5'A,vir 

'' Murrough Baclamhach: i. e. Murrough or acer, et animi plenus, sed nuUis fere castrorum 

Morgan of the Lame Hand. rudimentis." — Ann. Reg. Elis., A. D. 1597. 

' The Lord Borough Mr. Moore, in his His- ^ And therefore. — This should be : "and the re- 
form of Ireland, vol. iv. p. 108, has the following suit of this appointment of Ormond was, that a 
remark on the chief Governor: cessation [' Cessationem armorum vocant Hiber- 

" The only circumstance at all memorable, nici.' — (7am</.]of two months took place between 



1597] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2045 

companies of soldiers were slain in Clannaboy by James, the son of Sorley Boy 
Mac Donnell. 

The Mac Sheehys, namely, Murrough Baclamhach", the son of Murrough 
Balbh, son of Manus Mac Sheehy, with his brother, Rory, and Edmond, the 
son of Murrough Bacagh, son of Edmond, son of Manus Mac Sheehy, were 
executed by the English for their war and insurrection. 

After the Lord Justice, Thomas Lord Borough"', had died of the effects of his 
wounds at Newry, and the keeping of the regal sword had been given to the 
Lord Chancellor and to Sir Robert Gardiner, Justice of the King's [Queen's] 
Bench, as we have stated, the person who was appointed to the generalship of 
war and peace in Ireland was the Earl of Ormond (Thomas, the son of James, 
son of Pierce Roe), and therefore" an armistice was concluded between this 
Earl and the chiefs of the province of Ulster. Not long after this [namely], 
in the month of December, and shortly before Christmas, this Earl of Ormond 
and the Earl of Thomond (Donough, the son of Conor), went into the province 
of Ulster, where they and O'Neill and O'Donnell passed three nights together 
at one place ; and a treaty concerning a peace was carried on by those Earls, on 
behalf of the Queen, with the Irish of Leath-Chuinn ; and the issue of their 
meeting was, that a peace was made between the English and the Irish, on the 
oath of these Earls, until the May following. The proposals and writings of 
the Irish aforesaid, and an account of the articles and conditions on which they 
would accept of peace for themselves and their confederates in the war, in 
every place where they were seated, were dispatched to the Queen to England 
by the Earl of Thomond' ; and whatever news" should arrive from England in 
May should be acted upon here. 

O'Conor Sligo (Donough, the son of Cathal Oge) went to England a short 
time before the Christmas of this year. 

him and the chiefs of Ulster." — See Cartels Or- man," i. e. by the Earl of Ormond. 

mond, Introd., p. 59- Fynes Moryson says that " News, Scela This is a bad word, and 

this conference took place at Dundalk, on the the Four Masters could have found technical 

22nd of December, 1597. — See folio edition, words in abundance in their own language to 

p. 22 ; Dublin edition of 1735, vol. i. pp. 51, express this idea more distinctly. The word 

52, 53; and Cox, vol. i. p. 414. ppeajpao would be better, if they did not wish 

' By the Earl of Thomond. — This may be an to introduce the technicalties of the old Irish 

error of the transcriber for " la hiapla upriiu- laws. An English writer would say : " And both 



2046 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1598. 

Qn bapun inpe uf cuinn cap a ccanjamap, l?o juineab,"] ]\o bdibeab ag cocc 
Don gobfpnoip, -| Do na hiaplaohaib pempaice co na plojaib cap eipne, Ro 
coccbab a copp Id copbmac ua ccleipij TTlanac Do manchaib TTlainipcpec 
fpa puaib, "] po liaDnaiceab an copp co nonoip airiail po ba cecca laip ipin 
mainepcip. T?o eipij fpaonca -] impeapain eiccip bpairpiB Duin na njall -] 
na manaij Depi&e, 1 po puijillpic na bpaicpe gup bo ina mainipcip pein po 
Dleacc an copp Do abnacal, ap bd i mainepcip S. Ppoinpeip ina cfp babem 
no ha&naicci pinnpip an bapum ppi pe poDa pmp an can pin. T?o bdccap na 
manaij accd popccaD fuca baDein co nDeacpac na bpaicpi -] na manaij Do 
Idraip uf Domnaill, 1 na oeipi eppcop bdccap ipin cfp l?emann o jallcubaip 
eppcop Doipe, -] mall o baoijill eppcop Pacaboc jup po bpfichaijpioc na 
maice pm an bapun TTIupchaD, mac mupchaiD, uf bpiain do aDnacal 1 TTiai- 
nepcip 8. Ppoinpeip 1 nDun na ngall. Oo ponaD arhlaiD pin, aT[\ po coccbaD an 
copp 1 ccfn pdice lap na a&nacal 1 mamipcip fppa RuaiD gup po aDnaicpfc 
na bpaicpe aca baDein e co nonoip ■) 50 naiprhiccin amail po ba Di'op. 

O concobaip Donn QoDh mac Diapmacca mic caipppe baof illdim ag 
Ua nDorhnaill ppi pe popa do legab (an 4 Do Decembep) a gfirhel la hua 
nDomnaill lap ccabaipc a oijpepe 66, "] po naiDm dpdch "] pdcha paip bu6 
Dfm im pfip uf Domnaill do Denarii cpia bice po planaib, "| po rinonnaib De -[ 
na heccailpi, "] Do pace ppippm bpaijliDe Do ppi coriiall .1. a Diap mac bu- 
Dfm, TTlac oiDpechca uf bfipn, ceD mac uf QinliDe, 1 oiDhpe uf ploinn ica. 

aOlS CRIOSU, 1598. 
Ctoip Cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceo, nocac, a hochc. 

Qn cab caoch .1. Uilliam, mac DduiD, mic Gmainn, mic uillicc a bupc Dia 
po jaip pfin TTlac uilliam lap necc an TTlhfic uilliam baf na cijeapna poiriie 
.1. T?ipDepD mac oiluepaip, mic Sfain. Nip bo poinriiec puaippium an jaipm 

parties agreed that such decision as should be Mountgomery held the sees of Derry and Eaphoe, 

sent from England should be adhered to in Ire- in conjunction with that of Clogher, by letters 

land." patent, dated the 13th of June, 1595, but it 

° Already spoken. — See p. 2027, supra. would appear that he never exercised any epis- 

" Redmond 0' Gallagher, ^c — These were the copal jurisdiction in these northern dioceses, in 

Roman Catholic bishops of these dioceses. George which the Reformation had at this time made so 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2047 

As for the Baron of Inchiquin, of whom we have already spoken" as having 
been wounded and drowned when the Governor and the aforesaid Earls were 
crossing the Erne with their forces, his body was taken up by Cormac O'Clery, 
one of the monks of the monastery of Assaroe, and the body was buried by 
him, with due honour, in the monastery. In consequence of this a dispute and 
contention arose between the friars of Donegal and the monks of Assaroe ; 
the friars maintaining that the body should be of right buried in their own 
monastery, because the ancestors of the Baron had been for a long period be- 
fore that time buried in the Franciscan monastery in his own country, and the 
monks insisting that it should remain with themselves ; so that the friars and 
the monks went before O'Donnell, and the two Bishops who were then in the 
country, namely, Eedraond 0'Gallagher°, Bishop of Derry, and Niall O'Boyle, 
Bishop of Raphoe, and these chiefs, decided upon having the Baron, Murrough, 
the son of Murrough O'Brien, buried in the monastery of St. Francis at Donegal. 
This was accordingly done, for the body was taken up at the end of three 
months after its interment in the monastery of Assaroe, and the friars reburied 
it in their own monastery ■■ vdth reverence and honour, as was meet. 

O'Conor Don (Hugh, the son of Dermot, son of Carbry), who had been for 
a long time imprisoned by O'Donnell, was set at Uberty by him on the 4th of 
December, after he [O'Conor] had given him his full demand ; and he solemnly 
bound himself to be for ever obedient to O'Donnell, by guarantees and oaths 
of God and the Church ; and he also delivered up to him, as hostages for the 
fulfilment of this, namely, bis own two sons, the heir of O'Beirne, the eldest 
son of O'Hanly, and the heir of O'Flynn, &c. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1598. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand Jive hundred ninety-eight. 

The Blind Abbot (i. e. William, the son of David, son of Edmond, son of 
•Ulick Burke), who had styled himself Mac WilHam after the death of the last 
lord, namely, Richard, the son of Ohver, son of John, did not happily enjoy his 

little progress. See Harris's edition of Ware's themselves," which would not be well under- 

Btshops, p. 275. stood in English. It is strange that the Cister- 

P In their own monastery : literally, "with cian monks of Assaroe, and the Franciscans of 



2048 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiueaNN. [1593. 

cijCpna pin uaip po hionnapbab 6 ap a anapba la Sip Pipoepo binjam 50 
mbai ina lonnappcach 6 np do cfp 50 po ecc hi ccloinn cuilein hi mf pep- 
cembep, 1 po habnaicfoh e hi ccuinnche ippoim aDnacail pfl ao6a. Ctp e 
TTlac uilliam bai ann an pin cepoicc mac uareip ciocaij, mic Sfam, mic 
Oiluepaip Dia po jaip 6 Doriinaill TTlac uilliam ariiail po pccpiobamap pe- 
TTiainn. 

O cacain T?uai6pi, mac majnupa, mic DonnchaiD, mic STain, mic aibne 
Decc an cfcpamab la Decc do mf appil, 1 a mac Doihnall ballac DoipDneaD 
ina lonaD. 

T?iocapo, mac Sfam, mic comdip, mic PiocaipD oicc a bupc 6 Doipe mic 
laccna Decc hi mi Qujupc. 

Siuban cam injfn lapla Dfpmuman .1. Semup, mac Sfain, mic comdip 
Dpoicir dca Decc 1 ngfimpeoD na bbabna po, lap ccaicfm mop mbliaban 1 
mbaincpebcacap lap nDic a ofipbpine -] na nDfijpfp nDiongmala lap po 
hfpnaiDmeab 1 DiaiDh inoiaDh. 

Tllac DonnchaiD cipe hoilellae .1. TTluipjfp caoc mac caibcc an cpiubaip 
Do mapbaD 1 mbpeipne uf puaipc 1 rcimcell puaDdin cpfiche,"] TTlac DonnchaiD 
DO jaipm DO concobap 6cc mac maoileclainn 6 baile an Duin. 

Ocean, mac Sfain, mic [TTlaoileaclamn Ui] occdm 6 apD cpome Decc m 
eappac na blia&na po. 

Donegal, should have thus contended for the Sligo. See it already mentioned at the years 135 2 

body of a Protestant baron. and 1468. The family of Mac Donough, who are 

''SU-Aodha: "i. e. semen, progenies seu, genus an offset of the Mac Dermots of Moylurg, re- 

Aidi, seu Hugonis." This was one of the tribe tained some property in the county of Sligo till 

names of the Mac Namaras of Thomond, who very recently. In 1 688, Terence Mac Donough, 

were otherwise called Ui-Caisin and Clann- Esq., of Creevagh, was M. P. for the town of 

Coileain. — See note ", under the year 1592, Sligo; he died in 17 13 — See Memoir of (/ Conor, 

p. 1910, supra. p. 141. He was the only Catholic counsel that 

' Doire-inic-Lachtna: i.e. BoboretumJUii Laeht- was admitted to the Irish bar after the viola- 

nai, now Derrymaclaughny, a townland contain- tion of the Conditions of Limerick. This Ter- 

ing the ruins of a castle, situated a short distance ence, who is traditionally called in the country, 

to the north-east of the hUl of Cnoc-tuagh, or " the great Counsellor Mac Donough," was the 

Knockdoe, in the barony of Clare, and county of lawyer who saved to Donough Liath 0' Conor, 

Galway — See map to Tribes, ^c. of Hy- Many, of Belanagare, a small tract of property from 

on which the situation of this castle is shewn. confiscation. A bill of discovery had been filed 

» Baik-an-duin, now Ballindoon, near Balli- against this Donough by Mr. French, of French 

nafad, in the barony of Tirerrill, and county of Park, under the Statute 1 Anne, chap. 32, but 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2049 

title of lord, for he was expelled from his patrimony by Sir Richard Bingham ; 
after which he went about wandering as an exile from territory to territorj^, 
until he died in Clann-Cuilein [inThoniond], in the month of September; and 
he was buried in the abbey of Quin, in the burial-place of the Sil-Aedha'. The 
Mac William who was lord at that time was Theobald (the son of Walter Kit- 
tagh, son of John, son of Oliver), whom O'Donnell had nominated Mac Wilham, 
as we have written before. 

O'Kane (Kory, the son of Manus, son of Donough, son of John, son of Aibhne) 
died on the fourteenth day of the month of April; and his son, Donnell Ballagh, 
was installed in his place. 

Rickard, the son of John, son of Thomas, son of Rickard Oge Burke, from 
Doire-mic-Lachtna', died in the month of August. 

Joan Cam, the daughter of the Earl of Desmond, namely, of James, the son 
of John, son of Thomas of Drogheda, died in the winter of this year, having 
spent many years in [a state of] widowhood, after the destruction of her tribe, 
and of the worthy men to whom she had been successively espoused. 

Mac Donough of Tirerrill (Maurice Caech, the son of Teige-an-Triubhis) 
was slain in Breifny-O'Rourke, as he was carrying off a prey from thence ; upon 
which Conor Oge, son of Melaghlin, from Baile-an-duin', was appointed the 
Mac Donough. 

Ogan', the son of John, son of [Melaghlin 0'h-]Ogain of Ard-Croine, died 
in the spring of this year. 

Mac Donough managed the reply so ably, and words in brackets, which are supplied from 

being supported by the interests of Lord Kings- Duald Mac Firbis. The O'Hogans were seated 

land and Lord Taaffe, finally succeeded in re- at Ardcrony, four miles to the north of the 

storing Donough O'Conor to about seven hun- town of Nenagh, in the county of Tipperary. 

dred acres of land, which descended to his son, The Ogan mentioned in the text had four 

Charles O'Conor, of Belanagare, the historian, brothers: Conor, of Ardcrony; John, Prior of 

The family of Mac Donough have now scarcely Lorha ; Gillapatrick, Erenagh of Lorha ; and 

any property remaining, and the race have lat- William. 'Their line of pedigree is given by 

terly fallen into obscurity. Duald Mac Firbis as follows, p. 403 : — Ogan, 

It will be seen, from reference to the state- son of John, son of Melaghlin, son of John, 

ment under the year 1468 (ante, p. 1053), that son of Thomas, son of Siacus, son of Conor, 

the then Lord of Tirerrill was also Lord of Bishop of Killaloe, son of Teige, son of Do- 

Baile-an-duin. nough, son of Donnell, son of Dermot, son of 

' Ogan, son of John — This passage is left Rory, &c. A considerable portion of O'Hogan's 

imperfect by the transcriber, who omitted the castle is still to be seen at Ardcrony. 

* 12 E 



2050 aMNQf-a Kio^hachca emeawH. [1598. 

TTlunicfprac cam mac concobaip, mic marjamna, mic comoup o cnoc an 
lacha 1 rcpioca ceo copco baifcino aipcfpaiji Decc hi mf majica. 

baorjalac, mac Qoba, mic baocjalaij, mic muipcfprai^ rhec plannchaDa 
on cnoc pionn hi cconncae an claip Decc hi mi appil. pfp eipibe co pulbaipe 
inopce illaiDin, 1 njaoibilcc, "] 1 mbepla. 

Oiapmaic, mac Gmainn, mic Ruaibpi f Deaohaib o rulaij ui beaohaiD Do 
mapbaD la Dibfpccacaib conncae an cldip a mi lul. 

lapla ruaomuman Do 60I 1 Sa;coib 1 crop mfp lanuapg. Uecca ■] pccpibenn 
na njaoiDel ap cfna, 1 PiocapD, mac uiUicc, mic Riocaipo Shajcanaij mic 
uillicc na ccfnn bapun Dume cuillm Do Dol beop hi Sa;coib ipin eappach Do 
ponnpaDh. 

lap nDenarh na' pi'ooa pemebepcmap 6 noblaic mop 50 belcaine ecip 
jaoiDelaib lece cuinn "] an genepdl lapla upmuman, T?o popdilpioc 5001011 
an cuaipceipc pop a mbaof do Dibfpccacaibh illaijnib -] ipin mioe (.1. caorha- 
naij, Siol cconcobaip, Siol mopba, jabal pajnaill, Uuaralai^, Uipialaigh, "] 
Uinnpionnaij) pccup 50 Ificc Dia ppojail, "| Dia nDi'bfipcc. Oo ponpac pom 
innpin pop conjpa a naipeach. T?o cfoaij an ^enepal lapla upmuman Doib 
lomainjiD lai jfn, mibe, -\ oipnp muman, "] a mbiab ") a noeog do cocairfrii 
50 rci'opaD pgela pi'ona no coccaib cuca po belcaine a Sa;roib. Ro baccap 
pom cpd lap an ccomaipleccatxpin ace caipcel "j cacaije gach cipe ina 
ccimcell 6 cill manncdin 1 nioccap lai.jfn 50 Siuip -] o loch japman 50 Sionamn. 
Nip bo poDainj 00 na cipib pin pulans a nainbpfch an aipfcc pin. 

Semup (.1. Deapbparaip lapla upmuman) mac eouaipD, mic Semaip, 
mic Piapaip puaiD buicilep, -] TTiac meg piapuip Sippiam conncae ciop- 
pac dpann (50 noaoinib uaiple lomba a maille ppiu) Do Dol po caipcc 

" Cnoc-an-lacha: i.e. hill of the lough or lake, and a member of the Parliament of 1585. Ac- 

now Knockalough, a townland containing the cording to the tradition in the country, he nuir- 

ruins of a castle in the parish of Kilmihil, ba- dered some shipwrecked Spaniards in 1588- 
rony of Clonderalaw, and county of Clare. " Tully O'Dea : i. e. O'Dea's hill, now Tully, 

"Cnoc-Jinn: i.e. theWhitefair Hill, now Knock- nearDysart-O'Dea, in the barony of Inchiquin, 

fin, in the barony of Corcomroe, and county of and county of Clare. About the year 1584, 

Clare. According to the Description of the when the Description of the County of Clare, 

County of Clare, preserved in T. C. D., E. 2. 14, preserved in the Library of Trin. Coll., Dublin, 

the castles of Knockefyne and Tuomolyn be- E. 2. 14, was written^ the only places marked 

longed to Conogher Maglainehy. The Boethius as belonging to the O'Deas are, " Beallnalyke" 

Mac Clancy above mentioned was sheriff of Clare, [near Ruane], and Moghowny, belonging to Ma- 



1,598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2051 

Murtough Cam, the son of Conor, son of Mahon, son of Thomas [MacMahon] 
of Cnoc-an-lacha", in the territory of East Corca-Baiscinn, died in the month of 
March. 

Boethius, the son of Hugh, son of Boethius, son of Murtough Mac Clancy, 
from Cnoc-Finn', in the county of Clare, died in the month of April. He was 
a man fluent in the Latin, Irish, and English languages. 

Dermot, the son of Edmond, son of Rory O'Dea of TuUy-O'Dee", was killed 
in the month of July by the insurgents of the county of Clare. 

The Earl of Thomond went to England in the beginning of the month of 
January. The proposals and letters of the Irish in general were also sent to 
England ; and Rickard, the son of Ulick, son of Rickard Saxonagh, son of 
UUck-na-gCeann, Baron of Dunkellin, also went to England in the spring. 

After the concluding of the peace which we have already mentioned, from 
Christmas to May, between the Irish of Leath-Chuinn and the General, the Earl 
of Ormond, the Irish of the North issued orders to all the insurgents of Leinster 
and Meath, namely, the Kavanaghs, O'Conors, O'Mores, the Gaval-Rannair, the 
Tooles, Tyrrells, and Nugents, to desist for a short time from their acts of 
plimder and rebellion ; and they did so, at the bidding of their chiefs. The 
General, the Earl of Ormond, permitted them to frequent Leinster, Meath, and 
the east of Munster, and to eat and drink [with the inhabitants], until news 
should come from England, in May, respecting peace or war. By this instruc- 
tion they continued traversing and frequenting every territory around them, 
from Cill-Mantain\ in the lower part of Leinster, to the Suir ; and from Loch- 
Garman'' to the Shannon. It was not easy for [the inhabitants of] these terri- 
tories to bear their inordinate demands during this period. 

James (i. e. the brother of the Earl of Ormond), the son of Edward, son of 
James, son of Pierce Roe Butler, and the son of Mac Pierce, sheriff of the 
county of Tipperary*'', and many other gentlemen, proceeded precisely at Easter 

howne O'Dea, and Desert, belonging to Donell " Of Tipperary, Cioppac apann This name 

Moel O'Dea." signifies the well of Ara, the name of an ancient 

" Gaval-Ranall, L e. the O'Byrnes of Ranelagh, territory. This well, which gave name to the 

in the south-west of the now county of Wicklow. town of Tipperary, is now closed up. It was 

' Cill-MarUain, i. e. the town of Wicklow situated near the north bank of the River Ara, 

See note ', under the year 1454, p. 991, supra, at the rear of Mr. O'Leary's house, the front of 

^ Loch Gorman, i. e. the town of Wexford. which is in the main street of Tipperary. 

12 E 2 



2052 QMHaca Rjo^hachca eiReawH. [isgg. 

t)o y^onnpaD ap lonnpaijiD ap Bpian pmbac 6 mop&a Duine uapal Don pfoain 
jaoiDelaij bai ace Denarh na cdpcc i nuib caipin -| po bab Do luce na hionn- 
paigce a DoTTiaom ■) a Dobapran uaip po pdccbaD Dpong mop Dia nDaoimb 
uaiple, Dia noipecc, -] Dm paijDiuipib, "| po jabaD ann Semuf mac eDuaipD 
bumleip, 1 DO paD bpian piabac e Diapla upmuman po cfnn pecrmuine lap 
pm ap Ddij na pioccana a Dubpamap, -] ap na DfpbaD nac do cfo an gene- 
pala (.1. an lapla) cuccaD an lonnpaijib pin. 

Ua puaipc bpian occ, mac bpiain, mic bpiain ballaij, mic eojain, bd peap- 
ccac piDe ppi hUa nDomnaill QoD puaD mac QoDa mic majnupa po Daig 
oipccne Ui' concobaip puaiD raipip arhail po pccpiobamap perhainn, ") apaill 
ele mp bo pioDach ecip e, ■) a bfpbpacaip buDfin .i. cabg o puaipc mac bpiam 
mic bpiain ballaij im corhpoinn a ccpice -\ a ppfpainn ppi a poile. Conab 
aipe pin po epnaibm Ua puaipc a cop -] a capaccpab ppip an njobepnoip Sip 
conepp clipopc. Nip bo pailij Ua Domnaill do cloipcecc an pcceoil pin, uaip 
baDap cdipDe puapcaij Dia cenel o cfin mdip,"] ba bparaip Do eippium bubfm, 
■) nip bo lainn laip ammup paip no inDpab a cpice arhail cdc ele i cconnac- 
caib, "] ba Dfpb laip gomab eiccin Do a bionnpab muna crfopab i ccombdib 
na ngaoibel Dopibipi, uaip nip bo piobac pom ppip nac aen no biab i cclfir 
jail. No biob pecc ann aja fDapjuibe co hinclfire im pob ma ppiring,-] pecc 
ele ag baij "] ace baccap mDpab a cipe muna cn'opab pop cculaib. l?o baf 
Ua puaipc ace coipcecc ppip an cceccaipecc pin 6 upcopac eappaij co bel- 
caine ap ccinD, ~\ do coib an ran pin co hac luain, "] do paD a bpaijDe Don 
jobepnoip, 1 Dobepcpac a moiDe i a njeallarh im comall Dia poile, i gep bo 
caipipi an cinjeallab nip bo eian po corhailleab. 

Uainiec ppfccpa a Sa;)coib ap pccpibfnnaib f neill, i DomnaiU, -\ na ngaoibel 
boDap 1 naen pann ppiu, -| ni po paom an Bainpiojam nd an corhaiple na nfire 
po lapppar Do rabaipc Doib, i o na po paomab cuccpac na jaofbil a ccaon- 

* Befell the assailants, i. e. the disasters which "^ He was not at peace Hugh Roe O'Donnell's 

they had intended for Brian Reagh O'More fell intense hatred to the English seems to have 

upon themselves. principally arisen from his having been so long 

'■ League of friendship — This friendship was detained in prison without any ostensible reason, 

of very short duration indeed, and Clifford met for the English writers themselves acknowledge 

his death soon after in attempting to force the that he was captured treacherously, and loaded 

pass of the Curlieus, which was defended by with irons after his recommittal, though there 

O'Rourke and O'Donnell. were strong reasons for believing that the Vice- 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2053 

on an incursion against Brian Eeagh O'More, a gentleman of the Irish party, 
who was passing Easter in Ikerrin ; but disaster and misfortune befell the 
assailants", for many of their gentlemen, of their followers, and of their soldiers, 
were slain ; and James, the son of Edward Butler, was taken prisoner, but 
Brian Reagh delivered him up, in a week afterwards, to the Earl of Ormond, on 
account of the peace we have mentioned, and after it had been ascertained that 
it was not by the permission of the General (i. e. the Earl) this attack had been 
made. 

O'Rourke (Brian Oge, the son of Brian, son of Brian Ballagh, son of Owen) 
was angry with O'Donnell (Hugh Roe, the son of Hugh, son of Manus), because 
of his having plundered O'Conor Roe against his wish, as we have written 
before ; and, moreover, he was not at all on terms of peace with his own bro- 
ther, i. e. Teige O'Rourke, the son of Brian, son of Brian Ballagh, [in conse- 
quence of a disagreement] about the partition of their territory and land. 
Wherefore, O'Rourke confederated and formed a league of friendship" with the 
Governor, Sir Conyers Clifford. O'Donnell was not pleased at hearing this 
news, for the O'Eourkes had from a remote period been the friends of his tribe, 
and he [the present O'Rourke] was his own kinsman, and he did not wish to 
make an incursion against him, or plunder his territory, as he would treat all 
others in Connaught ; but he felt certain that he must needs plunder him unless 
he should return to the confederacy of the Irish, for he [O'Donnell] was not at 
peace' with any one who was under the tutelage of the English. For a certain 
time he privately solicited him to return, and at another time he menaced and 
threatened to plunder his territory unless he should come back. O'Rourke 
continued to listen to these messages from the beginning of spring to the May 
following, at which time he went to Athlone, and delivered up his hostages to 
the Governor ; and they made [mutual] vows and promises to be faithful to each 
other ; but though the engagement was sincere [at the time], it was not long kept. 

An answer arrived from England to the letters of O'Neill, O'Donnell, and 
the other Irish chiefs who were in alliance with them. The Queen and the 
Council did not consent to grant them the conditions they demanded ; and, 

roy was privy to his escape. This, and the loss disq^lalified him from being a great statesman 
of his two great toes, raised his open hatred to like Tyrone, though, according to Cucugry 
the English name to a pitch of sublimity which O'Clery, " a Caesar in command." 



2054 awHata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1598. 

compacap coccab, a ccfnnfa op cfrmaippce,-] a pr ap Tpaonca co po bfchaib- 
por beojpif a f Cnjoni DopiDipi a rcup parhpam na blmbna po. 

lap noeiliuccao pe poile Don jobepnoip -| t)Ua puaipc po pic-| po caipDine 
po belcaine i mbaile dcaluain,"] oc connaipc ua puaipc ndp bo piobac 501II, 
-] 5001611 ppi poile, -| nap bo rpeipi do jalloib oloap Do ^ooiDelaib Don cup 
pin po iTueccloij pibe inDpeaD a cipe dUo Dorhnaill coniD Co Do poine cocr 
po a cojoipm, 1 on po ocoig ppip do Denarii ap coriioiple a riiuinncipe, uaip 
pob upa leo an jobepnoip Do bfir po a ccoriioip ina Diojalcap Ui Doriinaill 
inn TiDeoDhaiD Dia nanoaofp hi ccleic an jobepnopa. 

lap naibm a caparrpaD Don chup pin dUo puaipc ppip Ua nDoriinoill Do 
coiD Ua puaipc co na pocpairce ap cappaing uf pfpjoil bctin (.1. Ropp, moc 
uilliam, mic Doriinaill) ipm miDe, -| po cpeaehaD leo an TTluilfnD cfpp, 1 on 
TTluilfnn cfpp 50 baile mop loca pfiriiDije. 

SloicceaD ele la hUa puaipc ip in cceiD mf Dpojmop, -| nf po aipip 50 
painicc bealach an cipialoij, -] co bealac cille bpijDe 1 ppfpoib rulach. Oo 
poine cpfcha "] mopbca 1 mbealac an cipialaij, "] po pill rap a oipp Dia np 
jan gum jan ^obhoDh. 

lap nool no pioDa pempaice pop ccul cainicc Remann a bupc mac Sfoin 
no Sfmop mic Riocoipo Shopfonoij, mic uillicc na ccfnn co nDpuing Da bpair- 
pib occa moille ppip Do ceD Daoinib 1 ccfnn Ui neill Da eccooine ppippjup bo 
hi ppfccpo bfpbpacap a acop poip .1. lapla clomne piocaipD uiUfcc a bupc, 
Da mbfic an Remann pin pfiD op Ificfcc aon pallamje Dm Durcap, no Dio 
acapDa o ppucaip 50 habamn do loiljiech no ciubpao an oipfrc pin pfin do 

* BaUymore-Lough Sewdy — See note ', under " Abhainnrda-LoUgheach, i. e. the River of the 

the year 1450, p. 970, supra. two Milch Cows, now Owendalulagh, a moun- 

' TyrreWs-Pass, a neat little town near the tain stream which rises in the to wnland of Derry- 

hiU of Croghan, in the barony of Fertullagh, in brien, and parish of Killeenadeema, in the moun- 

the south of the county of Westmeath. tain of Sliabh Echtghe, now Slieve Aughty, 

^ Pass of Kilbride, a well-known place near to the south of the town of Loughrea, in the 

Tyrrell's-Pass. county of Gal way , and which, flowing westwards, 

6 SnUhair, now Shrule, a village on the falls into Lough Cutra, near the town of Gort. 

boundary of the barony of Clare, in the county This formed a portion of the southern boundary 

of Galway, and the barony of Kilmaine, in the of Clanrickard See map to Tribes and Customs 

county of Mayo. A stream anciently called of Hy-Many, on which the position of this 

Sruthair, flowing by this village, was the north- stream is marked. The name of this stream is 

west boundary of Clanrickard. accounted for by a legend in the Dinnsenchus, 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2055 

because they did not, the Irish exchanged their peace for war, their quietness 
for turmoil, and their tranquillity for dissention ; so that they rekindled the 
ancient flame of hatred in the beginning of the summer of this year. 

After the Governor and O'Rourke had parted from each other in peace and 
friendship, in May, at the town of Athlone, and when O'Rourke saw that the 
English and Irish were not at peace with each other, and that the English were 
not at this time more powerful than the Irish, he was afraid that O'Donnell 
would plunder his territory ; and therefore he came at the [first] summons of 
O'Donnell, and did whatever he requested him. This he [O'Rourke] did by 
advice of his people, for they felt it safer to have the Governor in opposition, 
than to be pursued by O'Donnell's vengeance for remaining under the protec- 
tion of the Governor. ♦ 

O'Rourke, after having confirmed his friendship with O'Donnell on this 
occasion, proceeded with his forces, at the instance of O'Farrell Bane (i. e. Ross, 
the son of William, son of Donnell), into Meath ; and they plundered Mullin- 
gar, and [the country] from MuUingar to Ballym ore-Lough Sewdy**. 

Another hosting was made by O'Rourke in the first month of autumn ; and 
he did not halt until he arrived at Tyrrell's-Pass', and the Pass of Kilbride*^ in 
Fertullagh. He seized a prey, and slew some persons at Tyrrell' s-Pass, and 
(then) returned home to his country without wound or danger. 

After the peace before mentioned had been set aside, Redmond Burke, the 
son of John of the Shamrocks, son of James, son of Rickard Saxonagh, son of 
Ulick-na-gCeann, with a party of his young kinsmen, [all] of the first distinc- 
tion, came to O'Neill to complain to him of the answer he had received from 
his father's brother, namely, the Earl of Clanrickard, Ulick Burke : that " if 
Redmond would be satisfied with one mantle's breadth of his inheritance or 
patrimony, from Sruthair^ to Abhainn-da-Loilgheach", he" [the Earl] " would 

whicli states that Sliabh Echtghe, the mountain according to the law entitled, Slabhradk fuithir 

in which it rises, derived its name from Echtghe fosadh, and he gave up the mountain to her. 

Uathach, the daughter of Ursothach, son of On this occasion, according to the legend, two 

Tinde, one of the Tuatha De Danann colony, cows were brought hither, of remarkable lacti- 

She married Fergus Lusca mac Kuidi, who held ferousness and equally fruitful; but, on their 

this mountain in right of his office of cup-bearer removal hither, it turned out that one of them, 

to the King of Olnegmacht. He had no stock, which was placed to graze on the north side of 

but she had, and she came to him with her cows, the mountain, did not yield one-third as much 



2056 awNaca Rioshachca emeaNH. [1598. 

coriiaiD coccaiD no yioba 06. T?o jab 6 neill an coj^paofcc fin l?emainn, -] 
po jeall a cobaip Dia crfoyKib Oe ■] cucc uaccapdncacc bo ap nuimip aipibe 
DO ceDaib faighDiuipibe 1 po cfoaij do gac aen ball Dfipinn aga mbfir buain 
no bdiDh le 8a;rancoib Dapjain -| Dabbalpcpiop. lap ppaccbail ui neill do 
Remann a bupc -j oia bpaicpib Do cuaccap 1 ccommbaib gaoibel laijfn co 
mbarcap ina ppappab pe hfb an cpampam pin. 

Se ceD paijDiuip Do cocc o Sha;i:oib Don caoib bub Dfp Dfipmn Do cuiD- 
luccab J nacchaib eapccapac an ppionnpa. lap ccocc Doib 50 Dun ngapbdin 
appeab po chinnpioc Dol hi ccfnn an jenepala .1. lapla upmuriian, 1 aj jabail 
Doib cpe Ificimel laijfn do pala Dpong do jaoibelaib an cfnnraip pin Doib. 
pechaip lomaipfcc Tcoppa co po mapbab Dficnebap -] ceirpe cere Diob ipin 
maijin pm. 

Sluaicceab la hiapla upmuman do bol illaoijip a mi lun. Pob 6 lion a 
ploijh cficpe banna picfc Dia ccoip, -\ Da ceD mapcac. Oo poine an nopla 
corhnaibe im rpdc nona ap cnoc apD bai 1 nimel an cipe. Ro baipnfibeab 
Don lapla in aohaij pin na baof ace uachab Dia haep lomcoirhfcca ipm rip. 
Ro popconjaip ap a bapac ap riiac a Dfpbparap .1. Semup mac GouaipD mic 
Semuip buicilep Dol 50 pe, no a peacr Do banDabaib amaille ppip rap beiljib 
ipceac ipin cfnn ba nfpa Do Don ci'p Dup an ppuijbeab ecr, no airfp pe a 
benam, "j jep bo Doilij la Semup Dol an cupup pin a muca na maiDne Dia 
Domnaij do coib ann ap popconjpa an lapla. Qn ceD bealac 1 nDeachaib 
ap arhlaib puaip e ap na rfpccab,-) ap na rpfinjfppabji bpian piabac 6 mopba, 
50 cceD 50 Ific paijDiuip lap ccocc Dia lomcopnarh ipin 16 ceona. 6a baij- 
cioe abuacmap an caipbenab cucc bpian co na pocpaice do Shemup -] Dia 
paijDiuipib, "1 no biob pfmpo -| ma noeaDhaib 5a ccacmaing, "] 5a ccimceal- 
lab, 5a ccpfgDab, 56 rcaob ammup, 50 po pdccbab cuipp cpeccnaijce cnfp- 
collca pe hfb nacjaipicr pfchnoin an bealaij laipp. Ro mapbab ecc mop 
ann pin .1. Semup mac eouaipo mic Semaip, mic piapaip, pfp a aepa ap ap 

milk as the one placed on the south side. This been able to find any account of this conflict in 

river forms the boundary between the fertile any other authority. Peter Lombard, in his 

and barren regions of Sliabh Echtghe, alluded work, De Regno Hihernue Commeniarius, pub- 

to in this legend. lished in 1632, p. 406, records that, in the year 

' Hearkened to, literally, received this com- 1598, Sir Samuel Bagnal was dispatched from 

pl^Dt- England with two thousand foot and one hun- 

j Six hundred soldiers. — The Editor has not dred horse, and that he landed with these forces 



» 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2057 

not give him so much, as a reward for war or peace." O'Neill hearkened to' 
this complaint of Redmond, and promised to assist him, if in his power ; and 
he gave him the command of some hundreds of soldiers, with permission to 
plunder and devastate any part of Ireland which had any connexion or alliance 
with the English. When Redmond Burke and his kinsmen left O'Neill, they 
went into the confederation of the Irish of Leinster, and remained with them 
during this summer. 

Six hundred soldiers^ arrived from England in the south of Ireland, to assist 
in opposing the enemies of the Sovereign. On their arrival at Dungarvan", they 
resolved to proceed [directly] to join the General, i. e. the Earl of Ormond ; 
and as they passed along the borders of Leinster, a party of the Irish of that 
district met them ; and a battle was fought between them, in which four hun- 
dred and ten of the soldiers were slain. 

A hosting was made by the Earl of Ormond in the month of June, to pro- 
ceed into Leix. His forces amounted to twenty-four companies of foot, and 
two hundred horse. In the evening he encamped on a high hill on the borders 
of the territory. The Earl was informed that night that there were only a few 
to guard the territory, [and] on the morning following he ordered his brother's 
son, i. e. James, the son of Edward, son of James Butler, to go with six or seven 
companies through the passes into the nearest part' of the territory, to see whe- 
ther he could perform any exploit or achievement ; and although James was 
loth to go on that expedition early on Sunday morning, yet he set out at the 
command of the Earl. The first road he went by he found it cut down and 
deeply furrowed, Brian Reagh O'More having come with one hundred and 
fifty soldiers to defend it on the same day. Fierce and terrific was the salute 
which Brian and his forces here gave James and his soldiers. They were 
attacked in the front and in the rear, hemmed in and surrounded, speared and 
shot ; so that in a short time bodies were left [stretched] mangled and pierced 
along the pass. A lamentable death occurred here, namely, James, the son of 
Edward, son of Pierce, son of Pierce, a man of whom greater expectations had 

at Wexford, whence he marched for Dublin, the county of Waterford See note °, under the 

but was attacked by the Irish Catholics, who year 1574, p. 1676, supra. 
slew great numbers of them. ' Nearest part, literally, " the nearest head 

" Dungarvan, a sea-port town in the south of of the territory." 

12 F 



2058 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReaNH. 



[1598. 



mo Doij Daoine Da paibe beo Do buicilepchoib an can f in, -| an riieD nd po 
mubaisheaD Dia muinncip ipm maijin fin do Deocacap cap a naip ina ycceo- 
langaib pciacbpipce Do faijiD an lapla i an campa. l?o gonab bpian piabac 
ua mopDa pfipin i nip bo cian lap pm 50 ppuaip bdp do jafb cpo na njon Do 
paDaD paip Don chup pm. 6a ipin lo pin pfin 1 nDiaiD na cpooa pempdice 
cainicc Uairne mac Ru&paije oicc uf mopDa,-| l?emann mac Sfain na pfmap, 
1 Capcin cipial, "] po jabpac popplonjpopc 1 nupcoitiaip campa an lapla. 
T?ia mfbon laof Dia luain ap na mapac an can Do paofleaD an ciapla Do Dol 
ipcech ipm cip ba hCo Do pome poaD cap a aip co cill cainnij -\ a paijDiuipi 
DO cop ma ngapapunaibh. 

Ctn pope nua pin ipa pccela po pccpiobamap pemamn, baipiDe aja lom- 
coimeD le linn cpioDa ") coccaiD ace mumcip na bampiojna. Qn can cpa 
na po pioDaijpiocc 501U, -j jaoiDil ppi poile 1 nupcopac parhpaiD, Po cuip 
Ua neiU lomcoimeD pop an mbaile 50 mbaccap an bdpDa i ccfipce biD ipin 
mi Dfiofnac Don cpampab. lap nDol Do na pccelaib pin co hach cliac, ba hi 



"Brian Beagh O'More. — P. O'Sullevan Beare 
call? him " Bernardus Fuscus O'Morra." — See 
Hist. Cathol. Iber., torn. 3, lib. 3, c. x. He gives 
the following account of the resistance made 
against the Earl of Ormond by the O'Mores 
and adherents in torn. 3, lib. 4, c. iv. : 

" Vtrumque periculum, & Lageniensis motus, 
& Portmor arx commeatus inopia laborans prae- 
ter cajtera Elizabetham Angliae Reginam ange- 
bat, quae sedulo suis, vt vtrique damno eant 
obuiam, & Lageniorum tumultum pacent, & 
Portmori munimento subsidium ferant, imperat. 
Ad id ex Anglia tyrones mittuntur : prssidiarij 
euocantur : Ibernorum prouincialium delectus 
habetuT : equitum, & peditum omnis generis 
millia cLrciter octo coguntur. Ex ijs, qui vel 
senio confecti, vel setate immaturi prteliando 
minus idonei videantur, dimittuntur. Angli 
tyrones nuper acciti in prsesidijs collocantur. 
Ex caBterorum numero Ibemi, & Angli pedites 
quater mille, & quingenti, & equitea quingenti 
robore, reique militaris peritia electi ad opitu- 
landum Portmori destinantur. Ex auxiliaribus 



Ibernis, paucisque militibus legionarijs Ibemi s, 
& Anglis millia duo, quorum erant equites pauci, 
ad Lagenienses motus supprimendos Vrmonio 
Comiti attribuuntur. Quibus haud dubitabat 
Vrmonius, quin subigeret Lisiam, & omnes La- 
geni« motus pacaret. Lisiam, in qua plus esse 
negocij videbatur, primum aggreditur. Ber- 
nardus Omorra, qui pedites tafltum trecentos 
habebat, in summis rerum angustijs Vrmonium 
auso prohibere minime cunctatur, itinerum an- 
gustias obsidens. In ilium Vrmonius mittit 
pedites mille Ibernos, & Anglos Duce laimo 
Buttlero nepote suo ex fratre Eduardo. Ber- 
nardus loci natura fretus praeliari non dubitat. 
laimus copijs in duas partes diuisis ilium adit, 
Vnde Bernardus commoditatem loci deserere 
coactus, cum altera parte, in qua laimus erat, 
in piano missilibus, maxime bombardicis pilulis 
dimicat, & pilulem iactu vulneratus magis animo 
accensus, quam fractus, suos cohortatus acrius 
pugnat. laimus duplici plumbea glande triec- 
tus vir religione Catholicus, & genere clarus 
pro Haereticis prselians miserrime periuit. Quo 



1598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2059 



been formed than of any other of his age of the Butlers living at that time. 
And such of his people as had not been cut off at that place teturtied as broken- 
shielded fugitives to the Earl and the camp. Brian Reagh D'Hore"" himself waS 
wounded ; and it was not long after" till he died of the virulence of the wounds 
which he received on this occasion. On this very day, after the battle aforesaid, 
Owny, the son of Rury Oge O'More ; Redmond, the son of John of the Sham- 
rocks [Burke] ; and Captain Tyrrell, came and pitched their camp opposite thfe 
Earl's camp. Before the noon of the next day, Monday, when it was thought 
that the Earl would march into the territory, he returned to Kilkenny, and sent 
his soldiers into their garrisons. 

The New Fort, of which we have before written an account, was defended 
during the time of peace and war by the Queen's people ; but when the English 
and Irish did not make peace [as had been expected] in the beginning of sum- 
mer, O'Neill laid siege to the fort, so that the warders were in want of provi- 
sions in the list month of summer. After this ne^s arrived in Dublin, the 



interfecto ceeteri terga vertunt. Et alteraquoque 
copiarum pars auxilio veniens funditur. Fugi- 
entes Bernardus secutus stragem multorum 
edidit, maioremque fecisset, nisiVrmonius, siib- 
ueniens paaidos recepisset ; qui re infeota a Lisia 
discessit. Bernardus intra quatriduum vulnere 
moritur. Cuius obitu tota Lagenia non magno 
negocio fuisset forsitan pacanda, nisi Huonis 
Omorrse peroportunus aduentos conspiratos con- 
firmasset. Quo tempore Huon ab Onello pete- 
bat auxilium, apud ilium erat, Eaymundus 
Burkus LietrimEe Baro possessionibus orbus. 
Quemadmodum enim superius demonstrauimus, 
lohannes Burkus LietrimsB Baro ab Vlligo fratre 
suo Anglorum permissu fuerat occisus Ray- 
niundo filio impubere relicto, & Baronatus ad- 
ministratio Reginae abiudicata eo nomine, quod 
Anglorum institute penes reges solet esse tutela 
nobilium oetate minorum. Baronatus autem ad- 
ministrationem Regina done dedit Phintoni An- 
glo Ibemiae consilij secretario, a quo illam pe- 
cunia emit Vlligus Clanrichard* comes Eay- 
mundi patruus, & ita in possessionem missus 

12 



Eaymundo, qui iam per setatem tutela exierat, 
Baronatum restituere differebat. Raymundus 
intenta lite ilium Anglorum, & Reginaj iudicio 
superauit. Cseterum, quia sub hoc tempus bel- 
lum eXardebat, priusquam Eaymundus fait 
possessione potitus, omiserunt Angli sententiam 
suam executioni mandare, ne Comitis viri po- 
tentis iram tam periculoso tempore lacesserent. 
Idcirco Raymundus Onelli opem implorabat ad 
paternam hsereditatem recuperandam. Onellus 
Tironse defendendse intentus, quia differebat 
auxilium, spem tantum praibens, Raymundus 
vna cum liuone in Lageniam proficiscitur, ac 
etiam Dermytius Oconchur vir nobilis ex Cdn- 
nachta, quos omnes Connachti, qui finibus pulsi 
apud Onellum agebant, sequuntur. Richardus 
etiam Tirellus, cuius mentionem fecimus, ab 
Huone conducitur, quibus cum Huon in Lisiam 
venit eodem die, quo Bernardus cum hostibus 
pugnauit, sed nee pugnam integram, nee Vrmo- 
nium a Lisia discedentem potuit assequi." 

" It was not long after An English writer 

would say: "he died soon after of his wounds." 

f2 



2060 awHata Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1598. 

aiple po cinnpioc an comaiple an poba Diple, 1 ap mo po Dfpba6 ipin ccoccab 
DO paijDiuipib na bampiojna 1 nepinn hi ccorfipocpatb Qca cliac, i baile aca 
luain Do cionol 50 haoin lonaoh, ■] lap na poccain co haon baile po rfcclamab 
eipcib ceichpe mile paijDiuip Dia ccoip 1 pe ceD mapcac, "] po cuipeaD laD- 
pi6e le Ion gup an bpopr nua. l?o cuipeaD leo pme an po ba lop leo do bum, 
DO 615 DO rhapcaijecc, Do luaioe, do puDap, -] Da jac naiDilcc ap cfna. 
Loccap laparh co Dpoichfcc aca, appiDe 50 cpaij baile, 1 Don lubap, -| 50 
hQpDmaca, aipippic in QpDmaca m aDhaij pm. Sip hanpg bejing mapupcdl 
an lubaip ap 6 ba genepal Doib. 

lap ppiop oUa neill an cpocpairce a6bal mop pin do bfic ace cionol Dia 
paijiD Ro cuip a cecca Do cocuipeab Uf Doriinaill, -[ Dia cumjiD paip cecc 
Dia poipiDin ap an anppoplann eccpann bdccap 05 cocc Dia cip. Oo coiD 
Din O Dorhnaill po ceDoip co Ifip cionol a laocpaibe ecip cpoijceac, -| map- 
cac, 1 Dpong mop DO coicceab connacc amaille ppipp do cobaip a coiccele 
pop an ppoiplion po Dalpac cuicce. Uanjacap bfop gaoiDil coicciD ulaD 
uile ip in cpocpaicce ceDna 50 mbdccap inellma pop cionn na njall piapiii 
pangacap 50 hQpDmaca. T?o coclaD leo Dna DorhainDiocca caiman pop cionn 
na njall poppan cconaip ccoicchinn in po ba6 Doigh leo a poccain Dia paijib. 

Imcupa na njall lap mbfic aDhaij m Qpomaca po fipsfccap a mocha do 
lo ap na bapac, "] appeab po chinnpiocc a mbiab, a noeoc, a mnct, -\ a mion- 
Daoine, a ccapaill, a ccapaipDe a njiollanpaib, a noaopccappluo^ Dpaccbdil 
ipin mbaile pm Qpoamaca. l?o poccaippioc Da jac aen bai inpfbma aca 
ecip mapcac -] cpoijceac Dol in gac aipm no pupailpeab an mapupccal -] 
cuinjfba an cploij ap cfna poppa apccnam 1 na^haib a namac. Oo coccap 
laparh 1 ninnell -| 1 nopDuccab amail ap dTc po peDpac. Ro cfimni jpioc 
lapam cpe pfib bipse gaca poiD bai pfmpa ma ccuinncib ciuja coipcfrhla, -j 
ina nooipfbaib Dluice Dopccaoilce 50 panjacap jup an ccnoc op cionn beoil 
an dca buibe. lap poccain Doib hipuibe ace conncaccap Ua neill, "j Ua Dom- 

" Beging. — This should be Bagnall. Ford. The site of this battle is shewn on an old 

P Marshal ofNewry, recte, Marshal of Ulster. " Map of the Country lying between Lough Erne 

''Squadrons: literally, "in dense and impe- and Dundalk," preserved in the State Papers Of- 

netrable derrys or oak woods," which is not a fice, London, as on the banks of the River Callen, 

very correct figure to apply to an army on to the north-east of the city of Armagh. The 

their march. place is called BaUymackUloune, and the follow- 

"■^eaZ-an-otAa-Swc^Ae, i. e. Mouth of the Yellow ing words are written across the spot: "Here 



1598] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 206l 

Council resolved to assemble together the most loyal and best tried in war of 
the Queen's soldiers in Ireland, [who were those] in the neighbourhood of 
Dublin and Athlone ; and when these [soldiers] were assembled together, four 
thousand foot and six hundred horse were selected from among them, and 
these were sent to convey provisions to the New Fort. A sufficient supply of 
meat and drink, beef, lead, powder, and all other necessaries, were sent with 
them. They marched to Drogheda, from thence to Dundalk, from thence to 
Newry, and from thence to Armagh, where they remained at night. Sir Henry 
Beging°, Marshal of Newry", was their General. 

When O'Neill had received intelligence that this great army was approach- 
ing him, he sent his messengers to O'Donnell, requesting of him to come to his 
assistance against this overwhelming force of foreigners who were coming to 
his country. O'Donnell proceeded immediately, with all his warriors, both 
infantry and cavalry, and a strong body of forces from Connaught, to assist his 
ally against those who were marching upon him. The Irish of all the province 
(3f Ulster also joined the same army, so that they were all prepared to meet the 
English before they arrived at Armagh. They then dug deep trenches against 
the English in the common road, by which they thought they [the English] 
would come to them. 

As for the English, after remaining a night at Armagh, they rose next 
morning early ; and the resolution they adopted was, to leave their victuals, 
drink, their women and young persons, their horses, baggage, servants, and 
rabble, in that town of Armagh. Orders were then given that every one able 
to bear arms, both horse and foot, should proceed wherever the Marshal and 
other officers of the army should order them to march against their enemies. 
They then formed into order and array, as well as they were able, and proceeded 
straightforward through each rood before them, in close and solid bodies, and 
in compact, impenetrable squadrons'", till they came to the hill which overlooks 
the ford of Beal-an-atha-bhuidhe'. After arriving there they perceived O'Neill 

Sir H. Bagnall, Marshal of Newry, was slaine." of this bog stands a white-thorn bush, locally 

The name Beal-an-atha-buidhe, angtice, Bellaua- called the " Great Man's Thorn," which is said 

boy, is now applied to a small marsh or cut out to have been planted near the grave of Marshal 

bog, situated in the townland of Cabragh, about Bagnall. Captain Tucker, E. E., who surveyed 

one mile and three-quarters to the north of the this part of Ireland for the Ordnance Survey, 

city of Armagh. A short distance to the north has marked the site of this battle on the Ordnance 



2062 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1598. 



naill, Uf eachbac ulao 1 aip^mlla, coffij^ "] cpficiU, Idirjaile "] jaij'cciD 
an cuaiy^ceiyic amaille ppiu ina naen bpoin aighcigTie poji a ccionn mp na 



map by two swords in saltier, and the date 1598. 
— See the Ordnance map, Armagh, sheet 12. 

Accounts of this battle have been given by 
Camden, Fynes Moryson, Philip O'Sullevan 
Beare, and Peter Lombard, and from them by 
Mageoghegan, Taaffe, O'Conor, and a host of 
modern writers of no authority. Philip O'Sul- 
levan Beare gives by far the most circumstan- 
tial account of it, and the Editor is tempted, 
on account of the extreme rarity of his work, 
,to give the whole of it in this place : 

" In Lagenia dum hsec aguntur, Henricus 
Bagnal Anglus eques Auratus Ibernise castra- 
metator, & Vltonias prssfectus in oppidum Ju- 
rem in VltoniaB finibus situm, & valido Hsere- 
ticorum prsesidio munitum non longius a Port- 
more munimento mUlibus passuum vndeviginti 
maiorem regium exercitum ad opitulandum 
Portmori ducens peruenit. Inde tertijs castris 
substitit in vrbe Ardmacha. Erat Bagnal mil- 
litaris artis peritus, & quod raro in imperatore 
inuenies, consilio simul, & animi magnitudine 
prsestans, in rebus secundis cautus ; in aduersis 
animosus, in victos, & dedititios minus contu- 
meliosus Anglis plerisque: qui nunquam con- 
uitijs parcunt. Itaque gentis suse Ducum au- 
deo paucos illi conferre, anteponere pauciores. 
Erat Onello non solum publica causa Religio- 
nis, & Reginse, sed etiam priuatis inimicitijs 
infensissimus. Ducebat quatuor millia, & quin- 
gentos pedites sub signis quadraginta, & toti- 
dem cohortium ducibus, optionibus, signiferis, 
& tesserarijs, & equites quingentos sub signis 
octo, quorum magister erat Monteguus Anglus. 
In vniuerso numero paulo plures Iberni, quam 
Angli stipendium faciebant, veterani omnes, 
Angli superstites eorum, qui vel duce lohanne 
Norrise in Gallia belligerauerant, vel a prsesidijs 
Belgicis fuerant acciti, vel ab huius belli prin- 
cipio rei militaris regulas in Ibernia percepe- 



rant : Iberni quoque qui sub bellicae disciplinae 
prseceptis contenti in legionibus Eeginse stipen- 
dium merentes suse virtutis documenta ssepe 
prsebuerant. Erant ibi nonnulli iuuenes Iberni 
genere clari, prjesertim Melmorrus Orelli prin- 
cipis filius ab raram staturse elegantiam, & mi- 
ram faciei venustatem cognomento Pulcher, & 
Christophcrus Sanlaurentius Baronis Hotae fi- 
lius. Ibi nuUus tyro, nuUus militise rudis. 
Omnes omni genere armorum instructissimi : 
pedites, & equites cataphractarij : Bombardarij 
alij grauibus, alij leuibus sclopis ad pugnam 
parati, gladio, & pugione accincti, galeis capita 
munientibus. Totus exercitus plumeis apicibus, 
sericis baltheis, caiterisque militaribus insigni- 
bus fulgebat. ^lEnea machinamento rotis vehe- 
bantur, trahentibus equis. Sulphurei pulueris, 
globorum ferreorum, atque plumbeorum vis 
magna suppetebat. Caballi, bouesque biscocti 
panis, falsse carnis, casei, butyri, seruitiae sat & 
exercitui in vinctum, & arci Portmori in com- 
meatum portabant. Impedimenta muUones co- 
mitabantur, lixarum, pabulatoremque numerus 
magnus sequebatur. 

" Distabat aBagnalePortmor arx tribus milli- 
bus passuum Ibernicis ab Onello obsessa, & inedia 
laborans. Qui cum de Bagnalis aduentu intel- 
lexisset, contra iUum castra mota mille passibus 
vltra munimentum, & intra duo millia passuiun 
ad Armacham collocat, relictis paucis, qui Port- 
moris propugnatores eruptionibus prohibeant. 
Eo die Catholici recensuerant peditum quatuor 
millia, & quingentos, & equites circiter sexcen- 
tos. Interfuit Odonellus, qui Connachtos duce 
Maculliamo Burko stipendiatos circiter mille, 
& Tirconnellos suos, vtrosque ad numerum duo- 
rum millium duxit. Cateri Onellum, eius 
fratres, & consanguineos, & magnates cum eo 
veteri iure coniunctos sequebantur. Ac plane 
eo conuenerat omnia fere Vltonise nobilis iu- 



1.598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2063 



and O'Donnell, the Ui Eathach Uladh, and the Oirghialla, having, together 
with the chieftains, warriors, heroes, and champions of the North, drawn up one 



uentus, atque multi Connachti iuuenea ortu 
minime obscuri. Erant tamen armis longe in- 
feriores, namque turn equitatus, turn peditatus 
erat leuis armaturaa prseter paucos bombarda- 
rios grauium scloporum. Ob id Onellus de hos- 
tis apparatu prsliandi, militis robore, ducis 
animo deliberato certior factus, dubium erat, 
quin vir cantus locum desereret, uisi Farfasius 
Oclerius Ibernicoriim vatum interpres confir- 
masset Diui Vltani vatioinio fuisse preedictum 
eo in loco Hsereticum fuisse profligandum, & 
prassensionem Iberaioo metro prolatam in libro 
diiunationum sancti ostendisset. Qua confirma- 
tus Onellus ad pugnam suos hac oratione cohor- 
tatur. 

" Quod a Deo optimo maximo (viri Christian- 
issimi, atque fortissinii) summis precibus ssepe 
petiuimus, atque contendimus, id, & amplius 
etiam hodie divine quodam munere sumus asse- 
cuti. Vt pares aliquando cum Protestantibus 
dimicaremus, Deum, atque coalites, semper exo- 
ramus. Hue orationes nostras, hue vota inten- 
dimus. lam vero non mode pares, sed etiam 
plures numero sumus. Igitur qui pauciores ag- 
mina Hwretica fudistis, eisdem plures obatabi- 
tis. Ego quidem non in exanimi cataphracta, 
non in tormentorum inani sonitu, sed in viuis, 
& intrepidis animis constituo victoriam. Me- 
mentote, quoties nobiliores duces, maiores co- 
pias, & ipsum etiam Bagnalem minus parati, & 
instructi superaueritis. Angli nee animo, nee 
virtute, nee prseliandi constantia fuerunt vu- 
quam cum Iberuis conferendi. Qui vero Iberni 
contra vos dimicaturi sunt, Catholicae fidei op- 
pugnatffi, sui sceleris, atque schysmatis con- 
scientia consternabuntur : eadem Catholica fide 
vobis vires augeute hie Christianam religionem, 
patriam,liberos,vxores defendendum. HicBagnal 
Hsereticorum omnium acerrimus vester hostis, 
qui iu bona vestra impetum facit, qui vestrum 



sanguinem sitit, qui meum honorem oppugnat, 
debito supplicio afficiendus. Hie vlciscendum 
dedecus illud, quod, ego apud Tumulum Al- 
bum accepi a Bagnale parte castrorum eiec- 
tus. Hie mors commilitonum vestrorum, quos 
in Portmoris oppugnatione amisimus, vindi- 
canda, & arx ipsa, quam diu obsidetis, dum earn 
commeatu intercluditis, expugnanda. Hie ob- 
tinenda victoria, quam vobis Dominus Diui Vl- 
tani prsedictione pollicetur. Ergo Deo, caslico- 
lisque iuutibus rem fseliciter gerite. Contra 
Bagual ita suos alloquitur. 

"Fortitudine vestra,commili tones invictissjmi, 
fretus, vos mihi socios elegi, rudes, atque igna- 
ros in praesidijs constituens, & fa;ces omnium, 
homines imbecillos Vrmonio Comiti relinquens, 
quorum ignauia aequo ilium rem faede gesturum 
putaui, ac mihi promisi gloriosam victoriam 
opera vestra reportandam. Id namque vestrse 
magnanimitatis, atque virtutis periculum sem- 
per feci, vt non possim non concipere hodiern® 
victorise spem indubitatam, atque certissimam. 
Neque credo, quin fatali quadam fselicitate tot 
casus aduersos, tot discrimina, incolumes eua- 
seritis, vt hodie fauste vincendo totam vitam 
decoretis, commilitonumque vestrorum a rebel- 
libus, atque perfidis aduersa fortuna Norrisis, 
& Burughi peremptorem mortem vlciscamini. 
Quid ? Audebunt ne insani corpore nudo cum 
armatis, cum viris coporis, & animi robore prses- 
tantissimifl congredi. Demens ego sim, si con- 
spectum vestrum sustinuerint, & nisi hodie to- 
tam Vltoniam sub iugum mittatis, totamque 
Iberniam Reginae subigatis, ipsiqiie ingente 
pra;da potiamini. Mementote vestraa virtutis, 
qui me duce Ardmachee opem tulistis, Onello 
non minima parte castrorum ad Tumulum Al- 
bum exuto. Ad vesperum, qui mihi Onelli, vel 
Odonelli caput dono dederit, huic mille auri U- 
bras poUiceor, & singulis recipio pro meritis 



V 



2064 



QNNaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1598. 



y^uibiuccab, "] mp na farhucchao poji na hfnaijib epOalco an po bao Doij leo 
laDporh DO poccain Dia paijiD. 



gratias quam accumulatissimas, & a Regina, & 
a me esse referendas. Eamus, properemus, ne 
victoriam nostram differamus. 

" Concione absoluta Bagnal ante soils exor- 
tum Ardmacha castra mouet declmo quinto cir- 
citer die, quam Comes Vrmonius fult a Bernardo 
Omorra repulsus. Hastati In agmlna tria erant 
digest!, quK prroibant & sequebantur equitum, 
& fulminatorum alse. Serene, & grate die vex- 
illis explioatis, tubarum clangore, tibiarum con- 
centu, tympanorum militarium sonitu homines, 
& equi ad pugnam accensi per Isetam planiciem 
nemine prohibente procedunt, Mox excipiebat 
iter angustius iunlperis, sed humilibus, atque 
rarissimis consltiim. Hoc Bagnal ingressus hora 
circiter septima a quingentis imberbibus adoles- 
centibus, bombardarij s velitibus ab Onello missus 
densissima globulorum grandine per totum ar- 
boretum continuata obruitur. Velites pone iu- 
niperos stantes, & inter arbores cursitantes 
equites ; atque pedites eminus iactu sternunt, 
& eo tutius, quod & equites regij propter iuni- 
peros esse non poterant, vel suis adiumento, vel 
Catholicis impedimento, & prseoccupantibus ve- 
litibus locus erat sequior, quam venientibus 
regij s. Ab his augustijs magna difficultate 
Bagnal denique copias expediuit non parum 
vexatas acri velitatione, & tristes ob impune 
receptum damnum a velitibus, qui puerile, atque 
ridiculum hominum genus videbantur. Lata 
planicies vsque ad Catliolicorum castra succe- 
debat. In banc egresso Bagnale regius equitatus 
in Catholicos velites quam celerrimo gradu our- 
rit. Cseterum per primam planiciei partem in 
ipso maxime itinere, sed & circum illud Onellus 
crebras foueas, atque fossas excauauit stratis 
super virgulis, & faeno sparso dissimulatas. In 
quas cataphractarij equites incauti cadunt, ca- 
suque crebro equorum simul, & assessorum 
crura franguntur, qui, vt a socijs leuarentur, 



baud absqiie contentione Catholici velites sinunt. 
Strata gemmate regius exercitus non nihil ani- 
mo fractus equitibus, atque peditibus aliquot 
desideratis, & sauciatis in minus impeditum 
planum peruenit. Hie Onelli velitibus defessis 
vegetes, & integri succedunt, a Bagnale quoque 
velites, & grauis armaturse bombardarij mittun- 
tur eminus vtrinque acerrime dimicatur. Eegij 
quoque equites cataphractarij in certamen pro- 
deunt. His occurrunt Catholici equites feren- 
tarij, vel leuis armaturse. Cataphractarij cata- 
phractarum munimine tutiores locum obtine- 
bant. Ferentarij dexteritate, & velocitate prse- 
stantes, & iterum, atque iterum circumactis 
equis in pugnam redeuntes vulnera plura infe- 
runt, loco tamen cedentes. Cataphractarij hastis 
sex circiter cubita longis dextero femini innixis 
cominus pugnant. Ferentarij armati hastis lon- 
gioribus, quas medias manu tenentes super dex- 
terum humerum gerunt, raro nisi ex commode 
feriunt, interim tela ligneo hastili quatuer fere 
cubitorum ferrea cuspide infixa iaculantes. Ita 
Bagnal procedens ssepe ab Onelli leui armatura 
subsistere coactus, scepe etiam eandem repellens 
haud procul a Catholicorum castris substitit 
hora diei fere vndecima. Hie planicies iUa du- 
plici uligine hinc, inde coarctabatur, et inter 
utramque uliginem humile, et tenue vallimi alti- 
tudine quatuer pedum, profundiorem vero fossam 
interius per quartam milliarii partem Onellus 
duxit, magis, ut esset hosti impedimento, quam 
sibi adiumento. Inter medium vallum, & regium 
exercitum exsiliebant turbidi coleris latices ex 
uliginibus coeuntes. Unde forsan locus multis 
dicitur vadum pallidum {Beal ailia bui, os vadi 
pallidi) & si aliis placeat vadum Sancti Buiani 
vocari. Pro vallo, et utroque exercitu equitum, 
& fulminatorum pugna vehemeutius instauratur. 
In aestu pugna; scloperarius Anglus, qui nitra- 
tum puluerem inter pugnandum consumpsit, 



1598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2065 



terrible mass before them, placed and arranged on the particular passages where 
they thought the others would march on them. 



sulphur sumpturus in Lagenam in qua erat, 
forte iniecit manum, qua bombardicum funem 
ignitum tenebat. Iniecto igne accensa Lagena, 
et duffi proximse nitri plense nonnuUos com- 
bustos in serem toUunt. Interim Bagnal con- 
tra Catholicorum vallum, et agmina disponit 
senea machinamenta, quorum unum sulphurs, et 
Globis onustum, dum exploditur, vehementia 
pulueris in varia frusta diruptum interficit cir- 
cumstantes nonnullos. Ceeteris Bagnal vallum 
discutit, et hastatorum Catholicorum agmina tor- 
mentis nuda verberat, eorum equitibus, et bom- 
bardarijs, qui pro vallo continenter certant, 
niinime obstantibus : aliquot partes valli solo 
aequat, et ab eo arcet agmina : in quorum locum 
irrumpunt duo prima regia agmina, alterum 
adversus Onellum, alterum aduersus Odonel- 
lum Iteuum cornu tenentum, et aliquot agmi- 
num ordines vallum transgrediuntur, in quorum 
subsidium agmen ultimum Bagnal ducit. Eodem 
tempore equitatum et bombardarios Catholico- 
rum intra vallum pulsos regius equitatus, et 
bombardarii sequuntur, et aequo jam loco utrique 
strenue praeliantur, et utrique mixti viri viros 
amplexi equis detrahunt. Hie hastati Catholici, 
qui tormentorum ictibus a vallo fuerunt remoti, 
videntes tormenta non esse iam hosti usui, sese 
in agmina regia conuertunt nondum tamen ma- 
num conserunt. Eodem temporis momento 
Bagnal qui munitus erat cataphracta, et casside 
ex calybe factis grauis sclopi iactum sustinenti- 
bus ratus se iam vicisse, ut liberius lactam praelij 
faciem videret et facilius respiraret, armaturse 
gravis pondere fatigatus, cassidis conspicilium 
aperit, et toUit, nee prius demisit, et clausit, 
quam iacuit humi exanimis plumbea glande 
fronte confossus. Cuius morte tertium, agmen in 
quo erat, magna trepidatis inuasit. Agmina duo 
ad quae ducis extincti nuncius nondum fuit per- 
latus, rem fortiter gerunt. Catholici quoque 

12 



nihil segniter praelium committunt. Odonellus 
bombardariorum virtute sese tuetur. Onelli ag- 
men magis periclitari videtur. In hoc ancipiti 
rerum statu Onellus, qui iuxta suum agmen 
equo insidebat cum equitibus quadraginta, et 
totidem Bombardarijs, bombardarios, jubet, ut 
regium agmen glandibus carpant. Obedientes 
imperio bombardarij non parum molestant, et 
ordines cogunt laxare agmen fulminatorum ope 
nudum. Perculsis Onellus addit terrorem cum 
quadraginta equitibus in medium agmen laxatis 
habenis irrumpendo. OneUum sequens suum 
hastatorum agmen clamore sublato regium in 
fugam vertit hora fere prima pomeridiana. Id 
conspicati ij quoque qui cum Odonello certant, 
agmine turbato terga vertunt. Monteguus etiam 
cum equitatu pedem refert. Bombardariorum 
alee sese fugse mandant. Onellus, Odonellus, et 
Macguier, qui prseerat equitatui, fugientium ter- 
gis hserent. Fossa, vallumque regiis erat magis 
impedimento tunc fugientibus, quam antea ag- 
gredi&tibus, qui cadentes alij super alios fos- 
sam implent, & iaceutes ungulis equorum pedi- 
tumque pedibus obteruntur. Ultimum agmen, 
in quo Bagnal erat, duce mortuo msestum et 
trepidum turbatis aliis auxilio non erat. Tamen 
Melmorrus Orellus cognomentoPulcher trepidos 
iubet adesse animo et secum hosti resistere, spe- 
ciosius esse interfici prseliantes, et ultos, quam 
fugientes impune occidi, et adhuc fieri posse, ut 
hostis impetum sustineant, ipsumque repellant. 
Pulchri cohortatione nonnulli confirmati, max- 
ime iuvenes Iberni cum eo consanguinitate con- 
iuncti redintegrant prselium. Quibua pugnan- 
tibus Pulcher sese in omnes partes vertit, ut 
magis laborantibus, et periclitantibus opem ferat. 
Cseteruni illi pauci, qui cum eo manserunt, & 
a regijsdeserti et aCatholicis circumuenti multis 
vulneribus afFecti cadunt et Pulcher ipse solus 
relictus pugnans fortissime sternitur. Et omnes 
G 



2066 



awNQca Rioshachca eiReaNw. 



[1598. 



Qn can Do bfpcfac aipij an cuaiyceipc Dia nui6 an suapacc po rhoji po 
bai pop cinD Doib, Ro gabpac pop gpfpacclaofDheaD a muinncipe im calma 



regij effusa fuga salutem pedibus quserentes per 
planiciem, qu^ venerant, et arboretum, inde 
Ardmacham usque dissipati, et palantes occi- 
duntur. In Ardmachse templa sese receperunt 
equites, & circiter mille, & quingenti pedites. 
Perierunt praelio regiorum plus duo millia, & 
quingenti, et inter eos Bagnal exercitus impe- 
rator, cohortium duces viginti tres, multi op- 
tiones, signiferi, et tesserarii Capta sunt signa 
militaria triginta quatuor omnia militaria tym- 
pana, tormenta bellica, magna vis armorum, et 
totus commeatus. Neque victoribus quidem 
pugna fuit incruenta, et si enim minus ducenti 
fuerunt desiderati, tamen plus sexcenti fuerunt 
vulnerati. In Ardmachse templa, qua; regiorum 
prsesidio tenebantur, qui sese abdiderunt, a vic- 
toribus obsidentur. Monteguus cum equitatu 
noctu tenebrarum auxilio fugit. Eum sine or- 
dine, et efFusa fuga fugientem ex Onelli castris 
secutus Terentius Ohanlonus cum parte equi- 
tatus impedimenta, et equos ducentos capit, duces 
tres interficit : Romlius etiam Anglus dux cum 
die sequente iuxta iter Tabacci herbse fumum 
fistula sorberet, deprehensus occiditur. Pedites 
ex pacto inermes dimittuntur, Ardmacha, & 
Portmore Onello traditis." — Hist. Cathol. Iber. 
Compend., fol. 150-155. 

Camden, who knevir the names and movements 
of the English party better than O'Sullevan, gives 
the following brief but valuable account of this 
battle in his Annal. Reg. Eliz., A. D. 1598 : 

" Toto hoc anno rebellio Hibemica admodum 
exarait. Tir-Oenius enim, etsi veniam, quam 
simulate imploraverat ab Ormundio Locum- 
tenente, sub magno Sigillo Hiberniaj impetra- 
verat, ex improviso munimentum ad Blach- 
tvater obsidione inciuxit. Ad eam solvendam 
Locum-tenens exercitus Generalis (nuUus enim 
adhuc Prorex substitutus) selectissimas sub- 
inisit turmas scilicet xiii vexillationes sub Hen- 



rico Bagnallo Marescallo, acerbissimo Tir-Oenii 
adversario. Die xiv. Augusti a castris prope 
Armacham triplici acie moverunt : primam 
duxerunt Marescallus & Percius ; mediam Cos- 
bius, & Thomas Maria Wingfeldius ; postremam 
Cuinus & Billingus. Equitum turmis praefue- 
runt Calisthenes Brookus, Carolus Montacutus, 
& Flemingus. Vix mille passus confecerant, 
nimio plus inter se disparati per colles leviter 
surgentes, inter uliginosam hinc planiciem, inde 
sylvas, cum in primam aciem Tir-Oenius, acri- 
oribus odii in Marescallum stimulis excitatus, 
omnibus viribus involaret : statimque eo inter 
confertissimos hostes occiso, primam illam aciem 
a caeteris longius subsequentibus & ex objectu 
collis ne conspectam, dum ordines laxarat, mul- 
titudine facile oppressit : eodemque momento 
pulvis tormentarius fortuito in media acie igne 
concepto multos sustulit, & plures mutilavit; 
Cosbiusque, qui missus ut primes aciei recolli- 
geret, magna clade affectus. Montacutus tamen 
non sine magno periculo reduxit ; Wingfeldus 
cum postrema acie, pulvere tormentario defi- 
ciente, Armacham rediit. Ita Tir-Oenius perju- 
cundum de adversario triumphum, & de Anglis 
victoriam insignem, reportavit. Nee sane, ex 
quo in Hibernia pedem firmarunt, major clades 
accepta, xiii strenuis ordinum ductoribus desi- 
deratis ; & mille quingentis e gregariis, qui foeda 
fuga dissipati, totis campis palantes Cffisi victi- 
que. Superstites non suam ignaviam, sed du- 
cum imperitiam, quod jam in morem cessit pro- 
broee culparunt. Nee sine culpa videbantur, 
qui adeo disparati prajter militarem discipliuaiii 
incesserunt contra barbaros, qui semper in unum 
conferti impetu magis quam consilio pugnant. 

" Paulo post munimenti ad Blackwater sub- 
sequuta est deditio, cum prsesidiarii, fide & armis 
ad extremam famem retentis, spem oninem subsi- 
dii evanuisse viderent. 



1598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2067 



When the chiefs of the North observed the very great danger that now 
threatened them, they began to harangue and incite their people to acts of 



" HsBC victoria rebellibus gloriosa, & imprimis 
usui ; hinc enim arma & commeatum nacti & 
Tir-Oenius per Hiberniam magna fama, tanquam 
libertatis auctor, ubiqtie celebratus, ferocia & 
superbia supra modum intumuit." 

Fynes Moryson, in his History of Ireland, edi- 
tion of 1735, vol. i. p. 58, 59, also confesses that 
the English received a great overthrow on this 
occasion. The following are his words : 

" Because the English fort of Blackwater was 
a great Eye-sore to him" [Tyrone], "lying on 
the chief passage into his country, he assembled 
all his forces and assaulted the same ; but Cap- 
tain Thomas Williams, with his company under 
him, so valiantly repelled the great multitudes of 
the assailants, with slaughter of many, and the 
most hardy attempting to scale the Fort (which 
was only a deep trench or wall of earth to lodge 
some one" [recte, three] " hundred soldiers), as 
they utterly discouraged from assailing it, re- 
solved to besiege it afar off, and knowing they 
wanted victualls, presumed to get it by famine. 

" This Captain, and his few Warders, did with 
no less courage suffer hunger, and having eaten 
the few horses they had, lived upon herbs grow- 
ing in the ditches and walls, suffering all Ex- 
tremities till the Lord Lieutenant, in the month 
of August, sent Sir Henry Bagnol Marshal of 
Ireland, with the most choice companies of foot 
and horse troops of the English Army, to vic- 
tual this fort, and to raise the Rebels siege. 
When the English entered the pace and thick 
woods beyond Armagh, on the east side, Ty- 
rone (with all the Rebels Forces assembled to 
him) pricked forward with rage of Envy and 
settled Rancour against the Marshal, assailed 
the English, and, turning his full force against 
the Marshal's person, had the success to kill 
him, valiantly fighting among the thickest of the 
Rebels. Whereupon the English being dismayed 

12 



with his death, the Rebels obtained a great vic- 
tory against them. I term it great, since the 
English from their first arrival in that kingdom 
never had received so great an overthrow as 
this, commonly called, the defeat of Blackwater; 
thirteen valiant Captains and fifteen hundred 
common soldiers, (whereof many were of the old 
companies which had served in Britanny under 
General Norris) were slain in the field. The 
yielding of the fort of Blackwater followed this 
Disaster, when the assaulted Guard saw no 
Hope of Relief •, but especially upon Messages 
sent to Captain Williams from our broken Forces 
retired to Armagh, professing that all their 
safety depended upon his yielding the Fort 
into the Hands of Tyrone, without which Dan- 
ger Captain Williams professed that no Want or 
Misery should have induced him thereunto. 

" Shortly after Sir Richard Bingham, late 
Governor of Connaught, and unworthUy dis- 
graced, was sent over to succeed Sir Henry 
Bagnol in the Mastership of that kingdom. 

" By this victory the Rebels got plenty of 
Arms and Victuals ; Tyrone was among the 
Irish celebrated as the Deliverer of his Country 
from Thraldom, and the combined Traitors on 
all sides were puffed up with intolerable pride. 
All Ulster was in Arms ; all Connaught revolted, 
and the Rebels of Leinster swarmed in the Eng- 
lish Pale, while the English lay in their Garri- 
sons, so far from assailing the Rebels, as they 
rather lived in continual fear to be surprised by 
them." 

It is difficult to believe that Moryson's ac- 
count of the fort, called Portmore, or Portnua, 
by the Irish, is correct. Cucogry O'Clery, in his 
Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, states that it was 
a strong earthen fort, having " fighting towers," 
with windows and loop-holes to fire through, and 
that the English garrisoned it with three hun- 

g2 



2068 



aNHQca Rioshachca emeawH. 



[1598. 



DO Denam. -| acbepcy^ac ppiu munbub leo copccap an la yin na bmo a nac- 
inaofn Da eip, ace a mapbaD, -| a mu&uccaD jan coicciU ■] no bepca apaill 



dred select warriors to check the Kinel-Owen. 
This writer gives a much better account of this 
battle than that abstracted by the Four Masters. 
He says that very few of the Irish were dressed 
in armour like the English, in comparison with 
whom they were " naked ;" but that they had 
a sufficient quantity of spears and broad lances 
with strong handles of ash ; of straight, keen- 
edged swords, and thin polished battle-axes ; 
but devoid of the flesoa and ecclanna, which 
distinguished the axes of the English. They 
had also javelins, bows and arrows, and guns 
with match-locks. — 0''Reilly''s copy, p. 53. 

The most curious part of Cucogry O'Clery's 
account of this battle is the speech of O'Neill 
to the Irish, and the prophecy read to them by 
Fearfeasa O'Clery. As the speech of O'Neill, 
given by P. O'SuUevan Beare, was composed by 
O'Sullivan himself, in imitation of Sallust, Livy, 
and Tacitus, the Editor is tempted to lay before 
the reader the very words of Cucogry O'Clery, 
which are evidently more authentic than those 
of O'Sullevan Beare : 

" Ro jaB O NeiU -\ O Ooriinaill aj jpepacr 
laoibeao na njaljac i ag maoibeaiii na mi- 
leab, I aj noncopj na ccp^inpeap, i apeao 
acBeaprpac pp'" : 

" Q beajriiuincip, ap piao, na huaimni jrfp 
piB, I na jjaBaiD sp6m piap na jallaiB ap 
allrhupDacc a nmniU, -\ ap lonjjnaicchiu a 
n-eicCTJ 1 a napm, ■] la ropainnbeice a rcpom- 
pa, a ccabup ■] a ccaipmeapca cara, i ap a 
n-iomac lionmaipeacc p6ipin a\\ ap oeapb 
oeiiTiin cotnao poppa bup poen ipm lo baja pa 
aniu. dp oeaca linn on, ap acaiclpi pop piop 
1 acdc an luce oile pop 501, ojjabap ccuim- 
piuch I ccaipcpib, -j ojaBap noicfnoao bo 
jaicc Bap n-acap6a nbilip popaiB. Qcct bna 
lanpaoileaccQin linn co n-eicipjlepi an la pa 
aniu einp pip -| 501 peB acbepc TTIopann mac 



triaein an pfnapupc aipbeapc : ' ni ppir, ni 
puijBirfp Bpeicfih Bup pipiu carpae,' athail 
ac clop linb 6 up ppileaoaiB, -\ do po loncoip- 
ccpiuc DUinn 6 c^in ihaip. Qpaill ann bna 
ap upa oaoiB Bap n-arapoa peipin bo copnarii 
ppi hainpme eaccaipceineoil oloap orapoa 
neich oile do cionjaipe lap na Bap rcopann 
ap Bup ccip nbilip pil m Bap peilB 6 p6 3500 
bliaban o'aoip ootiiain jup an lairipiu aniurii. 

" QcbeapqKic na huapail -| na haipij cop 
bo piop DO na plairiB ap puij;eallpac. Ro 
jaB 5peim ooiBpiuni an buipjpepacc bo ponpac 
pop na oeijpeapaiB, uaip paccacap mfnmanna 
na mileao "| aiccennca na n-annpao 50 po 
lion bpuc T bpij -| ailjfp imbeapca apm Co- 
naill, Gojain, aipjiallaij 1 Ui Garac Ulab la 
h-aiceapja a pplach, -| a ppiop coonac-i po rin- 
jeallpac boiB nu ciuBpacaip cpoij pop ccula 
1 no pooembaipa n-uibeab pop aon lacaip pia 
piu po bob paon poppa. 

" pac oile ona ima po eipij aicceanea na 
n-oj;. Qc coaoacap boiB co po nopchan na- 
oiih 6eapchan pdib t)6 co cciuBapca car m ou 
pin pop jallaiB DuiBlinne la h-Oeb O neill i 
lap an ccoijeao ap cfna, uaip po rinjeall co 
cciucpacaip ma roipirm -j cenel Conaill pain- 
peab. 

" Ro cpeiq'fc na cupaib na h-epepao an 
paib naoih 50a. Qp ^ po poiUpij boiB c^ciip 
pemcfpcanra an naoirh apoili pili oipbeipc oo 
pamihuincip ui oorhnaill do pala ma papao 
pop an pluai^eoD ppi h-aipeaj ruile 66. peap- 
peapa O Cleipij a coriiainm. Ro lomcorhaipc 
pioe cia h-amm baoi pop an maijin pin. Ro 
haipn^ibeao 66. Qr beapc pom jup po raip- 
njip naoim beapchan ppaoinea6 pop jallaiB 
an Du pin pia Oeo Ua Neill amuil az pubpo- 
mop, 1 jup bo meaBaip laip ppi \\i poba an 
raipceapbal do pome an pip naom, -\ po jaB 
occjpepacci occ laoioeao na laocpai6eaitiail 



1598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2069 



valour, saying that unless the victory was their's on that day, no prospect re- 
mained for them after it but that of being [some] killed and slaughtered without 



po ba Du Dia incpariiail, co noebaip mpo. 
" Q ccac an Qra buioe 
Qp laip ruicpe na oanaip 
lap noiriujao QUrhuipeac 
616 paoiliD pip 6 Chopaij." 
" O'Neill arid O'Donnell proceeded to incite 
and harangue the heroes, and to exhort the sol- 
diers, and to instruct the mighty men, and they 
said : 

'" Brave people,' said they, ' be not dismayed 
or frightened at the English on account of the 
foreign appearance of their array, and the strange- 
ness of their armour and arms, the sound of their 
trumpets, and tabours, and warlike instruments, 
or of their great numbers, for it is absolutely 
certain that they shall be defeated in the battle 
of this day. Of this we are, indeed, convinced, 
for ye are on the side of truth, and they are on 
the lie, fettering you in prisons, and beheading 
you, in order to rob you of your patrimonies. 
We have, indeed, a high expectation that this 
very day will distinguish between truth, as 
Morann, the son of Maen, said in the celebrated 
proverb : There has not been found, there never ivill 
be found, a more veritable judge than a battle-field,^ 
[This is not unlike the notion about the wager 
of battle among the English], ' as we have heard 
from our poets, who have instructed us from a 
remote period. Moreover, it is easier for you' 
[now] ' to defend your own patrimony against 
a race of strangers, than to seek another's pa- 
trimony, after being expulsed from your own 
native country, which has been in your posses- 
sion from the year of the World three thousand 
five hundred, to this very day.' 

" The gentleman and the chieftains said that 
what the princes had uttered was true. The spi- 
rited exhortation of the chiefs made the desired 
impression, for the minds of the heroes, and the 
courage of the common soldiers, were raised; 



and the Kinel-Connell, Kinel-Owen, Airghialla, 
and Ui-Eathach-Uladh were filled with fury, 
vigour, and a desire of plying their arms, by 
the harangues of their princes and true leaders, 
and they promised to them that they would not 
yield a foot, and that they would suffer death 
on that field sooner than be defeated. 

" There was another cause also for the exalta- 
tion of the minds of the youthful soldiers. It 
was told to them that St. Bearchan, the prophet 
of God, had prophesied that a battle wovild he 
fought at that place against the Galls of Duibh- 
linn" [Dublin] "by an Oedh O'Neill" [Hugh, 
descendant of Niall] " and by the province in 
general ; for he had promised that they" [the 
inhabitants of the province of Ulster] "would 
come to his relief, and the Kinel-Connell in par- 
ticular. The heroes believed that the prophet 
of God would not tell a lie. The person who 
had first exhibited this prophecy was a certain 
famous poet of the faithful people of O'Donnell, 
who accompanied him" [O'Donnell] " on this 
expedition, to excite and encourage him. His 
name was Fearfeasa O'CIery. He asked what 
was the name of that place, and, being told it, 
he said that St. Bearchan had predicted a defeat 
of foreigners at that place by an Oedh Ua Neill" 
[Aldus, nepos Nigelli], " as we have said ; and 
that he had, for a long time, a recollection of 
the prophecy which thfe true saint had deli- 
vered; and he proceeded to harangue the he- 
roes, as was proper for one like him, and he 
said" [reciting the words of St. Bearchan] : 

" In the battle of the Yellow ford. 
By him the Danars" [barbarians] " shall be 

slain ; 
After cutting off the foreigners 
The men from Tory shall rejoice." 

The Editor has been much puzzled what to 



2070 



QHNaca iJio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1598. 



Dib hi ccapcpaib,"] hi ccuimjii^cib peib Do paoca jaoibil 50 Trrniic pecc piam, 
-] an DO epnafpfoh ap in ccairjleo pm, no haccuippiDe "| no hionnapppaiDe 
hi ccpiocaib ciana comaijnb. Qrbeprpac ppiu bfop gup bo hupa Doib cop- 
nam a nacapDa ppipp in ainppine neaccaipceneoil pm oloap Durhaij neich 
ele Do jabail ap eiccin mp na nionnapbab pom ay a crip noibp bubfin. l?o 
gab spfim cpa an jpeappacc laoibeab pin Do bepcpac na nnaice pop a muinn- 
rip, 1 po jeallpar na hocca jomDip eallma Dpulanj a noiDfDa piapiu no 
pobemDaip an pop oman leo pom do cfccmail Doibh. 



make of this prophecy, that is, whether it was 
a pure extempore invention of O'Clery's to ex- 
cite the common soldiers, by convincing them 
of the certainty of victory, or an application of 
an older prophecy to the present occasion ; but 
he has been for some years convinced, from the 
word Danair introduced in the second line, that 
the quatrain above given was taken by O'Clery 
from a prophecy relating to the period of the 
Danes in Ireland, and that O'Clery ingeniously 
transferred it (as the Cromwellians did quota- 
tions from the Old Testament in the next cen- 
tury) to the present occasion. A similar pro- 
phecy was circulated on the Protestant side, by 
the Earl of Thomond, before the battle of Kin- 
sale, the details of which were so strikingly ful- 
filled, that the incredulous Sir George Carew, 
Governor of Munster, or his secretary, felt it his 
duty to put it on record in the following words : 
" Although no man is lesse credulous than 
myselfe is of idle Prophesies, the most whereof 
are coyned after things are done ; yet I make 
bold to relate this which succeeds, for a long 
time before the thing I speak of was brought to 
light, myself was an eye witness when it was 
reported; in concealing it I should wrong the 
trueth, which makes me bold to remember it : 
Many times I did heare the Earl of Thomond 
tell the Lord President, that in an old Booke 
of Irish prophesies which hee had seene, it was 
reported, that towards the latter dayes there 
should be a battell fought betweene the Eng- 



lish and the Irish, in a place which the Booke 
nameth, neere unto Kinsale. The Earle of 
Thomond comming out of England, and landing 
first at Castlehaven, and after at Kinsale, as 
aforesaid: in the time of the siege, myself and 
divers others heard him again report the Pro- 
phesie to the President, and named the place 
where (according to the Prophesie) the field 
should be fought. The day whereupon the vic- 
torie was obtained, the Lord President and the 
Earle rode out to see the dead bodies of the 
vanquished, and the President asked some that 
were there present by what name that ground 
was called ; they, not knowing to what end he 
did demand it, told him the true name thereof, 
which was the same which the Earle so often 
before had reported to the President. I be- 
seech the reader to believe mee, for I deliver 
nothing but trueth : but, as one Swallow makes 
no Summer, so shall not this one true Prophe- 
sie increase my credulitie in old Predictions of 
that kinde." — Pacata Hibeniia, book iL c. 21. 
For some account of other prophecies of this 
nature, see note ', under the year 1583, pp. 1796, 
1797, supra. 

Dr. Leland asserts, without any authority 
whatever, that " the superstitious Irish were 
driven, even to phrenzy, by their priests, who 
assured them, from old prophecies, that this 
day would prove fatal to heresy." — Book iv. 
chap. 4. But it is quite clear, from the words 
of Cucogry O'Clery, that this prophecy was 



1598.] 



ANNALS OF THP: KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2071 



mercy, and others cast into prisons and wrapped in chains, as the Irish had 
been often before, and that such as should escape from that battle would be 
expelled and banished into distant foreign countries : and they told them, 
moreover, that it was easier for them to defend their patrimony against this 
foreign people [now] than to take the patrimony of others by force', after having 
been expelled from their own native country. This exciting exhortation of 
the chiefs made [the desired] impression upon their people ; and the soldiers 
declared that they were ready to suffer death sooner than submit to what they 
feared would happen' to them. 



not read by a priest ; nor was it ascribed to 
St. Ultan, as O'SuIIevan Beare asserts, but to 
St. Bearchan of Cloonsast, in Fidh-gaibhle [Fi- 
gile], in Offaly. 

In an Irish poem by DuiFy O'Duigenan, writ- 
ten this year, on the History of the O'Neills, and 
preserved in Trinity College, Dublin, H. 1, 14, 
fol. 140, it is stated that this battle was fought 
on the festival of St. Bartholomew, and that se- 
venteen hundred English soldiers, and twenty- 
three captains, were slain, among whom was a 
knight of great distinction, and the Marshal of 
Ireland, and the son of O'Reilly, who had joined 
the English. 

Cox, who passes over this victory as lightly 
as possible, grumbles that the Irish got so much 
reputation by it, that the " English could act 
only on the defensive part, and not that itself 
without continual fear and danger." — Vol. L 
p. 415. By foreign nations Tyrone was hailed 
as the deliverer of Ireland, and he received from 
the Pope (through the hands of the Spanish 
envoys, Martin de la Cerva, and Mattha;o Oviedo, 
tlie Pope's Archbishop of Dublin) a number of 
indulgences, and, still more precious, "a crown 
of phcenix feathers !"— See Camden's Annal. Reg. 
Eliz., A. D. 1599, p. 744, and Moryson's History 
oflrdand, edition of 1735, vol. i, p. 102. And 
it may be remarked that, from this time to the 
defeat at Kinsale, O'Neill was as much monarch 
of all Ireland, and more universally talked of 



throughout Europe, than any of his ancestors 
since the time of Niall of the Nine Hostages. 

' To take the jxttrimony of others by force. — This 
alludes to the custom among the Irish, since the 
English invasion, of settling by force in other 
territories, after having been driven from their 
own by the English. Thus Mac Carthy More 
had settled in Kerry after being expelled by the 
English from the plains of Cashel ; the O'Dono- 
vans and O'Sullevans acquired new settlements 
in the country of the O'Driscolls, after their 
expulsion from the plains of Limerick and Clon- 
mel; the O'Flahertys settled in the mountains 
of Connamara, after being expelled by the Burkes 
from Magh Seola, on the east side of Lough Cor- 
rib; the O'Byrnes and O'Tooles acquired new 
settlements in the mountains of the present 
county of Wicklow, after being expelled from 
the plains of Moy-LiiFey and Moy-Alvy by 
Meyler Fitz-Henry and the Baron Walter de 
Reddlesford, &c., &c. It is curious to observe 
that the Irish chieftains, in their speeches, did 
not think of reminding their followers that it 
might be probable that, on losing this battle, 
they might be reduced to utter helplessness, in- 
capable of acquiring any new settlements. 

' Would happen: i. e. the soldiers declared that 
they would rather be slain in this battle than 
survive it, in case the English were the victors, 
under whose iron hand they dreaded to b<;c«me 
enslaved. 



2072 aNHaf,a Rioghachca emeaNW. [1598. 

Oala an TTlhapufccail co na jallaib lap ppaiccpn na njaoibeal pop a 
ccionn ni po caipbfinpioc nach naipp&e nuipeccla iDip, ace po cfimnijpioc co 
comnapc pop a ccfpracchai6 co po linjpior capp an cceona Ifcan claip Idn 
noorhain t)o pala pop a ccionn, ■] ropcparrap apaill Diob innre pi6e ace 
cocra caippi Doib. T?o Doiprpior laparh an ploj gaoibelac 50 Diojaip oapac- 
cach, I 50 hainmin ag^apb ma ccfnD, -] po jaippioc pfmpa -] ina noeaDhaib, 
-| Dct jac Ifir t)iob. Rob ficcfn Oia ccopac anrhain pe hiomjum "] aipipium 
pe hiombualab,"] coruccab pe caicfm co po canaijfo a rciuj, co pohuipbfp- 
naij a nuapail, ") co po rpaocab a rrpfoin. dec cfna appeaO a cumaip po 
mapbab an ^enepal .1. TTlapupccal an lubaip,-] ariiail nac jnar carlacaip do 
copnarh lap an luce ppip a nfoappccaprap a ccumgib caca, -[ a ccfnD cop- 
caba -| corhaiple po ppaomeab pop muinnp an genepala po ofoib cpe nfpc 
lomjona, ■] lombualca Dapp na porollaib caiman -] capp an Ifranclaip Idn 
noorham capp a ccubcacap. T?o bdp acca naiplec -| acca naccuma, ago 
ccumac, •] aga ccnairiijfppab 50 Ifibrheac Idrhcapaib lap an luce baccap 
ina Ifnmain. 

5a hann pin do beonaib Dia, -\ do cfoaij an coimbe Daen do paijDiuipib 
na bainpfojna 50 po caich i mbaof do puoap ina iiipcimcell la lionmuipe a 
Idrhaij, 1 do com jup an mbaipille puoaip ba coirhnfpa Do Do riieplionab a 
rhiopup 1 a pocoiDe co po pceinn Dpirle 6 a rhaipDe ipin bpuDap baf ipm 
mbaipille 50 po blopccupcaip pibe in dipDe ipin aep fDapbuap"] gac baipille 
po ba coimnfpa Do Diaib a nDiaib,"] bfop an gonna mop do pala aca. Ro cocc- 
bab Dna on mub cceDna andipDe Dponj mop Do na Daofnib bdcap in uiprimcell 
an puDaip hipin. Ro bai Dna an culaij ina nuipcimceall ina haen meall 
Dobapba Dopca Duib ciac co cfnn achaib Do 16 lap pm. Qn Do epnacap Do 
muincip na bainpi'ojna gan mapbab gan mubuccab, jan Doj, gan Dmnoibeab 
po cpiallpac cap a naip co hapomaca. Nip bo hiomcomaipcec po bdp ina 
Ifnmain 5a ccpaocab, 5a ccimceallab, gd naibeab, 5a naiplech, na nDfipib 
na ccpiapaib, na ppiccib, na ccpioccaib, 50 pangacap cap na mupaib ipceach 
in Qpomacha. 

" Close lines, literally, " so that their thick the passive into the active voice, 

was thinned." " The Lord The word coithoe occurs very 

' They were being slaughtered. — It is almost im- frequently in the Ledbhar Breac, and other an- 

possible to translate this sentence into English, cient manuscripts, in the sense of " the Lord,'''' 

•without transposing the words, and changing and is always applied to Christ, in a religious 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2073 

As for the Marshal and his English [forces], when they saw the Irish await- 
ing them, they did not shew any symptom whatever of fear, but advanced 
vigorously forwards, until they sallied across the first broad [and] deep trench 
that lay in their way ; and some of them were killed in crossing it. The Irish 
army then poured upon them vehemently and boldly, furiously and impetuously, 
shouting in the rear and in the van, and on either side of them. The van was 
obliged to await the onset, bide the brunt of the conflict, and withstand the 
firing, so that their close lines" were thinned, their gentlemen gapped, and their 
heroes subdued. But, to sura up in brief, the General, i.e. the Marshal of Newry, 
was slain ; and as an army, deprived of its leader and adviser, does not usually 
maintain the battle-field, the General's people were finally routed, by dint of 
conflict and fighting, across the earthen pits, and broad, deep trenches, over which 
they had [previously] passed. They were being slaughtered", mangled, muti- 
lated, and cut to pieces by those who pursued them bravely and vigorously. 

At this time God allowed, and the Lord" permitted, that one of the Queen's 
soldiers, who had exhausted all the powder he had about him, by the great 
number of shots" he had discharged, should go to the nearest barrel of powder 
to quickly replenish his measure and his pouch ; and [when he began to fill it] 
a spark fell from his match into the powder in the barrel, which exploded aloft 
overhead into the air, as did every barrel nearest, and also a great gun which 
they had with them. A great number of the men who were around the pow der 
were blown up in like manner. The surrounding hilly ground was enveloped 
in a dense, black, gloomy mass of smoke for a considerable part of the day after- 
wards. That part of the Queen's army which escaped from being slaughtered 
[by the Irish], or burned or destroyed [by the explosion], went back to Armagh, 
and were eagerly pursued' [by the Irish, who] continued to subdue, surround, 
slay, and slaughter them, by pairs, threes, scores, and thirties, until they passed 
inside the walls of Armagh. 

sense, not to the Holy Trinity, as O'Brien and lones of the Irish army returned to strip the 

O'Reilly have most erroneously asserted. It is slain, and to behead those who lay severely 

also applied to a temporal lord. wounded on the field : 

"" By the great number of shots: literally, "from " Imraipfc a njlaplaic, t a nsioUanpaio, -| 

the multiplicity of his shooting." po jabpac 05 poobao an pianlaij ar poch- 

1 Eagerly pursued—It is stated in the Life of aippfc ipin car, -| occ oicfnoao na opuinse 

Hugh Roe O'Donnell, that the recruits and ca- pobrap beojaoice ann." 

12 H 



2074 aNHaf-Q Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1598. 

Ro jabpar jaofoil ace lomp iii6e an baile in jac aipD ina lomracmong, -| 
baccap agcaicfrh 1 05 coirhoiubpaccab a cele co cfnn cpf let,"] cfopa noiDce 
CO po ]^cciri5ic 501II po bfoiO. Vio cuippioc recca hi ccfnn na pee hipin do 
paijiD na nsaoioeloia pab ppiu co ppuicpirip an pupc Dia Ificcri Don bapoa 
bdrcap ann rocc gan juin gan 5abai6 Dm paijib jup m mbaile pin Qpoa- 
maca, 1 lap poccam Doib hipuiDe (Dia crapDra eineac -| maicfm nanacail 
Doib,"] a ccioblacab plan apan cfp 50 poccam Doib hi ccpic innill) 50 ppuicpi- 
Dip QpDmaca buofin. O po haipnfi&eab na haicfpcca pin Do na gaoibelaib Do 
coccap na maice Do cpub a ccorhaiple Dup ciob Do jenDafp imon ccainjm pin. 
Ro bacap Dponj Diob aja pdba nap bo coip na 501II Do leccab ap an lomcu- 
manj 1 mbacap co po mapBca laD iDip, no 50 neibliDip a naenap Do jopca. 
Qp a af ba paip Deipib leo po beoioh a leccab uabaib ap na maignib i mbacap, 
ace namd na bepDoip leo biab no Deoch, eiDeab, apm, na opDanap, piioap na 
luaibe ap in bpopc jionmocd a cponc -] a apm Do leccab lap m ccapcfn bai 
ann. Ro aencaijhpioc od jach Ific anifiain ap na coinjellaiB pin,-] po cuip- 
pioc Oponj Dia nDaoinib uaiple ap jac caeb Daccallairh an bapDa jup an 
bpupc, ■] lap naipnfip pccel Doibpibe po pdccaibpior an baile ace Ua neill 
arhail po popconjpab poppa. Cdnaiee an eapcin, "] an bapoa 50 hQpDmaca 
hi ecfn an po ihaip Dia rfiuinncip, ~\ po cuipeab loblacab leo uile 6 Ctpomaca 
jup an lubap, ■] on lubap 50 pangaccap hi ppine gall, lap ppdeebdil cfpe 
heoccain Doibpibe, Ro popconjaip Ua neill pop baomiB pampfbaca, uaiple, ~\ 
anuaiple an dprhaij Ddipfrh ■] Dabnacal -| ba pfDh a lion lap na ndipfm 50 
Ifip, Dd mile 50 Ifir imon njenepdl, 50 nocc ccaipcfnib Decc, "j Dpong mop Do 
baoinib uaiple nac ccabaiprfp a nanmanna pop aipo. 

Ropcap mfiprnij, mfmfnmnaij muinnnp na bampfojna -] popcap pubaij 
popopbpaoilij gaoibil Don caicjieo pin. CIn Dfchmab Id do mf Qujupc Do 
pfpab an lomapjail pm dca buibe. Do cooap maire ulab Dia ccijib lap 
niolach copccaip, ~\ corhmaibme je po pdccbab Daoine lomba uabaib. 

baile an TTlocaijh baf 05 muinnnp na bainpiojna ppi pe cpf mbliaban 
noecc gup an can pa Do jabdil la a buccapacaib pfm (hi pampab na bliabna 

* Unmolested, literally, "without wounding or would not be at all understood at the present 
danger." day in any part of Ireland. The aboye sentence 

* Were dispirited, TJopcap meipcnij, miirifn- would be constructed in modern Irish as fol- 
ninaij — This is a very old construction, which lows : 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2075 

The Irish then proceeded to besiege the town, and surrounded it on every 
side ; and they [of both parties] continued to shoot and fire at each other for three 
days and three nights, at the expiration of which time the English ceased, and 
sent messengers to the Irish to tell them that they would surrender the fort 
[at the Blackwater], if the warders who were [stationed] in it were suffered to 
come to them unmolested'' to Armagh, and [to add] that, on arriving there, 
they would leave Armagh itself, if they should be granted quarter and protec- 
tion, and escorted in safety out of that country into a secure territory. When 
these messages were communicated to the Irish, their chiefs held a council, to 
consider what they should do respecting this treaty. Some of them said that 
the English should not be permitted to come out of their straitened position 
until they should aU be killed or starved together ; but they finally agreed to 
give them liberty to pass out of the places in which they were, on condition, 
however, that they should not carry out of the fort meat or drink, armour, arms, 
or ordnance, powder or lead [or, in fine, any thing], excepting only the captain's 
trunk and arms, which he was at liberty to take with him. They consented on 
both sides to abide by those conditions ; and they sent some of their gentlemen 
of both sides to the fort, to converse with the warders ; and when these were 
told how the case stood, they surrendered the fort to O'Neill, as they were 
ordered. The Captain and the warders came to Armagh, to join that part of 
his people who had survived. They were all then escorted from Armagh to 
Newry, and from thence to the English territory. After their departure from 
Tyrone, O'Neill gave orders to certain persons to reckon and bury the gentle- 
men and common people slain. After they had been reckoned, there were 
found to be two thousand five hundred slain, among whom was the General, with 
eighteen captains, and a great number of gentlemen whose names are not given. 

The Queen's people were dispirited* and depressed, and the Irish joyous 
and exulting, after this conflict. This battle of Athbuidhe was fought on the 
10th day of August. The chiefs of Ulster returned to their respective homes 
in joyous triumph" and exultation, although they had lost many men. 

Ballymote, which had been in the possession of the Queen's people for the 
space of thirteen years before this time, was taken in the summer of this year 

" 6a ttieiprneac tni-nieanmnac mumcip na oil oo'n cair^leo pin." 
bainpio5na, -] ba puBac po-popBpaoileac "^aoi- •■ Joyous triumph, lolac copccaip. The word 

12 H 2 



2076 aHwaca Rio^hachca eiueaNN. [1598. 

]^o) .). la cloinn noonnchaib an coyiainn (.i. comalcac -[ caral Dub), bai an 
j^obepnoip Sip conepy^ clipopc, ~\ O Dorhnaill Qoo pua6 ace t)aopa6 an baile 
pop apoile,"] ace caipccpin cfnnaijh Da chionn do cloinn nDonnchaiD. Pob e 
cpiocnuecaD an Dala clann nDonnchaiD Do cabaipc an baile oUa Dorhnaill 
DO Dpuim cfnnai j, "] connapca i mf meDoin pojmaip na bliaDna po. Ceifpe 
ceD punc, 1 rpi ceo bo do pao Ua Domnaill Do cloinn nDonnchaiD ap an 
TTibaile. 

SloicceaD aDbal la hiapla upmuman Do cup loin hi bpopc laoi^ipi, i lap 
napccnam ipin plijiD Doib Do pala pop a ccionn ipm cconaip Do Deacncap 
Uaicne mac Pu&paije oicc, mic RuDpaije caofc uf mopba, -| Remann mac 
Sfam na Sfmap mic RiocaipD Shajranai^, -] capcm ripial .i. RipoCpD mac 
comaip oicc cipial. T?o bob moo ma luac an loin Do caill lapla upmuman 
Don cupup pin do Daoinib Dfchaib, i Dapm,"] ap ap eiccin cepna an riapla 
pfin lap na juin. 

1?o cuip Ua neill pccpibfnn illaijnib ipin cceiD mi Dpo jmap na bliaDna po 
Dia pupailfm ap T?emann a bupc, ap Uaicne ua mopDa, i ap capcin cipial, 
coirhfcc laijneac Dpaccbatl pop an ccuiD ele Dia ccompann coccaiD"! laD pfin 
Do Dol DO Denam jabalcaip, "] do rabaipc apaill do na cipib bdccap ina 
nacchaiD ipceacb Dctip no Dficcfn. -[ po popcongaip poppa do ponpaD Dol Don 
murhain po cojaipm cloinne comaip puaiD, mic Semuip, mic Sfain mic an 
lapla. lap leshaD na pccpibenn do na huaiplib a Dubpamap do coccap piDe 
5up an Iton, ~\ jup an cconjaib ap lia po peopac i nopppaijib. Uanjnccap 
an cip pm Dia paijiD ap a ccoil pfin jionmora TTlac jioUapacpaicc pi'njin, 
mac bpiain mic pfnjin. Loccap ap a baicle jup an ccionn cuaiD Do pliab 
blaDma ap Daij jaoiDel oiprip murhan, "] lapcaip miDe Do chup Daen pann 
ppiu .1. 6 TPaolmuaiD, 1 conall mac cacaoip, ■] TTldj coclain .i. Sfan occ, mac 
Sfain, mic aipc, mic copbmaic, ~\ O cfpbaill an calBac, mac uilliam uiDip, 
mic pipganainm, mic maolpuanaiD. "^e po bacap na maice pin le hacbaiD 
ag pfpaiti a hucc a bppionnpa po baD buiDe leo an occbaiD anairnib pm po 

ioIqc is explained " puBacup no lurjaip, i. e. ^ Fineen, the son of Brian. — He was Flo- 
joy, or enthusiastic exultation," by O'Clery. rence, the son of Brian, or Bernard Fitzpa- 
■^ Auctioning : literally, " were making the trick, the first Baron of Upper Ossory, who 
castle dear upon each other," i.e. bidding against slew Eury Oge O'More in 1578, from which 
each other, or outbidding each other's price, as period the heads of the Fitzpatrick family con- 
at an auction. tinued remarkably faithful to Queen Elizabeth, 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2077 

by its rightful inheritors, the Clann-Donough of Corran, namely, Tomaltagh and 
Cathal Duv. The Governor, Sir Conyers Clifford, and O'Donnell (Hugh Roe) 
were auctioning'' the castle against each other, in offering to purchase it from 
the Clann-Donough. The close of the bargain was, that the Clann-Donough 
gave up the castle to O'Donnell, for a purchase and contract, in the middle 
month of the autumn of this year. Four hundred pounds [in money] and three 
hundred cows was the price which O'Donnell gave the Clann-Donough for the 
castle. 

A great hosting was made by the Earl of Ormond, to place provisions in 
Port-Leix [Maryborough]. When they had advanced a certain distance on 
their way, they were met by Owny, the son of Rury Oge, son of Rury Caech 
O'More ; by Redmond, the son of John, son of John of the Shamrocks, son of 
Rickard Saxonagh [Burke] ; and by Captain Tyrrell, namely, Richard, the son 
of Thomas Oge Tyrrell. On this expedition the Earl of Ormond lost more 
than the value of the provisions in men, horses, and arms ; and it Avas with 
difficulty the Earl himself escaped, after being wounded. 

In the first month of the autumn of this year O'Neill sent letters to Leinster, 
requesting Redmond Burke, Owny O'More, and Captain Tyrrell, to intrust the 
guarding of Leinster to some of their allies in the war, and to proceed them- 
selves to make conquests, and to bring some of the adverse territories over to 
their cause, by solicitation or force ; and he particularly requested them to go 
into Munster, at the invitation of the sons of Thomas Roe, son of James, son of 
John, son of the Earl [of Desmond]. The gentlemen whom we have men- 
tioned, after reading the letters, proceeded with the greatest force and arms 
they could command into Ossory. The people of that territory spontaneously 
came to [join] them, except Mac Gillapatrick (Fineen, the son of Brian", son of 
Fineen). They afterwards went to the northern extremity of Slieve Bloom, in 
order tp induce the Irish of East Munster and Westmeath to join them, namely, 
O'MoUoy, and Connell, the son of Cahir [O'MoUoy]; Mac Coghlan (John Oge, 
the son of John, son of Art, son of Cormac), and O'CarroU (Calvagh, the son 
of William Odhar, son of Ferganainm, son of Mulrony). Although these chief- 
tains had for some time stood by their Sovereign, tliey were glad to obtain 

and strenuous opponents of the Irish insur- cation. — See Cox's Hibernia Anylicana, vol. i. 
gents, which saved their property from contis- p. 354. 



2078 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [isgg. 

baf ace raipcel gaca cipe Daoncuccab piorcana uabaib 1 o po pobaijpioc 
laDfein cuccfac a nacchaib ap an Da upmurhain -\ nfp bo pfoh no copacrpan 
po mpppar poppa, acr a ccpeachab po ceooip cpe na nfpccaipofp ppi Viiapla 
upmuman,"] po gabaO cuicc caiplein Oo bailriB iipmuman leo, T?o bat) Dibpibe 
opuim aiOneach ap bpfi na Sionna. Ro conjaib Remann a bupc aicce pfin po 
coriiaip coccaib cloinne piocaipo Do ppfpcal ~\ Do ppiorailfrh app. 6acap 
Dan a Do no a cpf Do peaccmuinib co campamail ma ccorhnaije ipin cfp pm, 
-| cpfca aipip Siuipi, -\ cloinne huilbatn acca ccabaipc Dia paijiD Do cum a 
ppoplongpopc, -| a cconiappain jaoiDel ace rocc Dia naceallairh, ") ace Dol 
1 naenpann ppiu. Ro ba6 DibpiDe 6 DuibiDip coille na manac .i. Diapmaic, 
mac uaicne, mic pilip,"] clann ITIhfic bpmin 6 cciianach .i. clann TTluipcfpraig, 
mic coippbealbaij, mic muipcfpraij, -\ Rianaigh im concobap na mainje 
mac uilliam caoic, mic Diapmaca uf rfiaoilpiain, "] piol mbpiain occ Duichche 
apa. 

lap nDol Do na gaoiDelaib pin i ccommbaiD ") hi ccaparcpaD mumncipe 
U( neill, "I ap ccop jac cfpe jnp a panjacap Daen pann ppiu, Ro cpiallpac 
(50 nfipje amac na noipfp pin) 1 ngfpalracaib ap cappaing cloinne comaip 
puaiD mic an lapla. QppeaD loccap ceDamup hi cconncae luimnigh. ba 
hann boi an PpepiDenp .1. Sip romdp nopuip an can pm hi ccill mocellocc. 
lap na ruiccpin Do na baoi inrpoDa ppip an njappaiD nsaoibelaij Do cuaioh 
ap a niomjabail 50 copcaij. Oo coDapporh Dna cap maij piap 1 cconallchaib 
1 ccorhpocpaib plebe luacpa,i jlinne copbpaije. Uainicc Semup mac comdip 
puaiD ina ccfriD hi cconallcoib Don cup pin, -| bai an Dapa mac (.1. Sfan) Do 
clomn comdip puaiD ina ppocaip pfin a]] na himceaccaib pm aja ccappaing 
Don cfp. Oo bfipn an jamnach no m Bo mlaoja ap pe pinjinnib 1 an Idip 
jpoijfD ap rpi pin^innib, -| jac muc Dd pebup ap pinjinn 1 na connapca pm 
aja ppoccpa, -] acca ppupdil in gach cam pa 1 mbi'Dip. 

Oc cualaij lapla upmuman caicpfim na ccarbuiDfn pm cainicc co na 

' Druim-Aidhneack, now anglice, Druminagh, of Castle Biggs from the present proprietor, 

a townland containing the ruins of a castle, si- According to the tradition in the country this 

tuated on the margin of Lough Derg, which is castle was erected by O'Madden in despite of 

an expansion of the Shannon between Killaloe the O'Kennedys. 

and Portumna, in the parish of Derryglass, ba- ' The borders of Sliahh-Luachra and Gleann 

rony of Lower Ormond, and county of Tippe- Corbraighe — These places are far asunder, the 

rary. It has lately received the modern name Sliabh Luachra mountains being near Castle 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2079 

terms of peace from those strange warriors, who were traversing every territory. 
After agreeing upon terms of peace with these, they turned their faces towards 
the two Ormonds ; and from them they sought neither peace nor friendship, 
but proceeded to plunder them at once, on account of their enmity towards 
the Earl of Ormond. They took five of the castles of Ormond, one of which, 
Druim-Aidhneach', on the margin of the Shannon, Redmond Burke kept to 
himself, for waging and maintaining war on Clanrickard out of it. They re- 
mained for two or three weeks encamped in that country ; and the spoils of the 
region bordering on the Suir, and those of Clann-William, were carried to their 
camp ; and their Irish neighbours came to converse and join in the same con- 
federation with them. Among those who joined them were O'Dwyer of Kil- 
namanagh, i. e. Dermot, the son of Owny, son of Philip ; the sons of Mac Brian 
O'gCuanach, namely, the sons of Murtough, son of Turlough, son of Murtough ; 
the Ryans about Conor-na-Mainge, the son of William Caech, son of Dermot 
O'Mulryan ; and the race of Brian Oge of Duharra. 

After these Irish [septs] had formed a confederacy and friendship with 
O'Neill's people, and after having induced [the people of] every territory into 
which they came to join them, they marched with the rising-out [i. e. forces] 
of these districts, at the instance of the sons of Thomas Roe, son of the Earl 
[of Desmond], into the country of the Geraldines. They first went to the 
county of Limerick. The President, Sir Thomas Norris, was at this time at 
Kilmallock ; and when he perceived that he was not able to contend with the 
Irish party, he went to Cork, to avoid [meeting] them. They [the Irish] then 
proceeded westwards, across the River Maigue, into Connello, and to the bor- 
ders of Sliabh-Luachra and Gleann-Corbraighe^ James, the son of Thomas 
Roe [Fitzgerald], came to join them in Connello on this occasion ; and James, 
the second son of Thomas Roe, was already along with them upon these expe- 
ditions, for he had come to draw them into the country. At this time they 
offered and sold at their camp a stripper, or cow in calf, for sixpence, a brood 
mare for threepence, and the best hog for a penny ; and these bargains were 
offered and proclaimed in every camp in which they were. 

When the Earl of Ormond heard of the progress of these warlike troops, h 

Island, in Kerry, and Gleann-Corbraighe in the It is the glinn or valley from which the Knight 
north- west extremity of the county of Limerick. of Glinn takes his titular title. 



2080 



aNMaf.a Rioshachca eiReawN. 



[1598. 



mapcfluaj co na coipijcib po na cruaijiim 50 conncae luimnij, -] po cu-p 
pccela 50 copcaij Da piipail ap in bppepioenp recr ina coinne 50 cillmocel- 
locc. O po piDippioc an pluaj jooiDelac bacap 1 niapfap conallac an nf pin, 
po ceimni^pioc aniap 1 nioiinpocpaib cille mocellocc -] cuccpac a rcaipbenan 
pfin non Dot ci^eapna pin capla a^a cropamecr. Oo ofcacap na cijeapnai^e 
pin (fx]\ iom-i;abail rfccmala ppiuporh do cCd a cele) 50 maij eala. Umjaicr 
piurh ino nDeaohaiD 50 Dopup maije heala, -] po jabpar aja nspfnmiccaD, -| 
aja njpiopab,") asa paD ppiii na pui^bicrfp Diol piac ina ppolranap bab pfpp, 
ina laDpom DionnpaijiD an ran bacrap 1 naen rhaijin. Qp a aoi pinappeaDpo 
chinnpioc na Daofne mopa hipin an PpepiDer r do Dol 50 copcai^, -\ an cmpla 
DpiUeaD cap a aip 1 mbuicilepacaib. 

O po paccbaD an c^'p Don chup pin ap cumap an cploi j jaoiDelaij Do 
jaippioc lapla Dfpnnuman a hujDoppap Uf Neill Do Shemup, mac comaip 
puaib, mic Semuip, mic Sfam mic an lapla,"] an cfp pin (.1. gfpalcaig 6 Dun- 
ccaoin 50 Siuip) bai cilce ceccaijhfe ace Sajrancboib, Ian Ddicmccab, ") 
Diolmaoinib, ni po paccbaccap porn (po cfnn pecc let nDecc) en rhac Sa;ranai^ 



8 Magh EaUa: i. e. the plain of the River Ealla, 
now Alio. From this name it is evident that the 
name Ealla was anciently applied to that part of 
the Blackwater lying between Kanturk, where 
the modern River Ealla ends, and the town of 
Magh Ealla, now anglice Mallow. P. O'Sullevan 
Beare calls this place Moala. It was a manor 
belonging to the Earl of Desmond, and upon his 
attainder it was granted, by Queen Elizabeth, 
to Sir John Norris, a most distinguished gene- 
ral, who settled the crown of Portugal on the 
royal house of Braganza, and was then Lord 
President of Munster. — See Smith's Natural 
and Civil History of Cork, vol. i. p. 331. 

'' iy the authority of CNeill This clearly 

shews that since O'Neill had received the con- 
secrated crown of " phcenix feathers" from the 
Pope, he was regarded as the lawful monarch of 
Ireland. The English writers, however, made 
so light of this regal power, arrogated to him- 
self by the ex-Earl of Tyrone, that they con- 
tinued to style his vassal " the Sugane Earl." — 



Moryson, ed. 1735, vol. i. p. 61. Cox (vol. i. 
p. 415), states that this Sugane Earl was " the 
handsomest man of his time ;" and Camden 
calls him " hominem obscoenissimaml" 

' The Saxons. — These were the English Un- 
dertakers who settled in Munster after the ruin 
of the Geraldines. Fynes Moryson gives the fol- 
lowing account of the doings of O'More, and the 
other allies of O'Neill in Munster on this occa- 
sion : " After the defeat of the Blackwater, Ty- 
rone sent Ony mac Rory O'More, and one Captain 
Tyrel {oi English race, but a bold and unnatural 
enemy to his country and the English), to trou- 
ble the Province of Munster, against whom Sir 
Thomas Norris, Lord President, opposed him- 
self; but as soon as he, vipon necessary Occa- 
sions, had withdrawn his forces to Cork, many 
of the Munster men now, first about October, 
1598, broke into rebellion, and joined them- 
selves with Tyrone's said Forces, spoiled the 
Country, burnt the Villages, and puU'd down 
the Houses and Castles of the English, against 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2081 

set out with all his cavalry and infantry for the county of Limerick, to meet 
them, and sent a message to Cork, requesting the President to come to meet him 
at Kilmallock. When the Irish army, who were encamped in the west of Con- 
neUo, heard of this, they marched eastwards towards Kilmallock, and shewed 
themselves to these two lords, who were in pursuit of them. Upon seeing 
them, the lords (i. e. the Earl and the President) agreed to avoid meeting them, 
and turned off towards Magh-Ealla^. The Irish pursued them to the gate of 
Magh-Ealla, and proceeded to defy, provoke, and dare them [to battle], saying 
that they could never wreak their vengeance upon them better than now, when 
they were [all] together in one place. Notwithstanding this, what the two 
great men determined upon was, that the President should repair to Cork, and 
that the Earl should return to the territory of the Butlers. 

As the country was left in the power of the Irish on this occasion, they con- 
ferred the title of Earl of Desmond, by the authority of O'Neill", upon James, 
the son of Thomas Roe, son of James, son of John, son of the Earl ; and in the 
course of seventeen days they left not within the length or breadth of the 
country of the Geraldines, [extending] from Dunqueen to the Suir, which the 
Saxons' had well cultivated and filled with habitations and various wealth, a 

whom (especially the female Sex) they com- feet ; to the working whereof, in the Hearts of 

mitted all abominable Outrages. And now the Seditious, there wanted not many strong 

they raised James Fitzthomas, a Geraldine, to Motives, as the hatred which those Geraldines 

be Earl of Desmond (which Title had, since the bear to those Undertakers (of whom I formerly 

Wars of Desmond, been suppressed), with Con- spoke in Desmond's War) which possessed their 

dition that (forsooth) he should be Vassal to Ancestor's Lands ; also the Encouragement they 

O'Neal. The Munster Rebellion broke out like received by the good Success of the Rebells, and 

a Lightning, for in one Month's Space almost noless the hope of pardon upon the worst Event." 

all the Irish were in rebellious Arms, and the — Vol. i. p. 6 1 . 

English were murthered, or stript and banished. P. O'Sullevan Beare says that Pierce Lacy was 
Thus having inflamed Munster with the Fire of instrumental in drawing O'More, and others of 
Rebellion, and leaving this Sedition to be che- O'Neill's allies, into Munster on this occasion, 
rished and encreased by this new Earl of Des- He describes this outbreak of the rebellion in 
mond, and other Rebels of that Province, the Munster as follows, in his Hist. Cathol. Iber. 
Ulster forces returned back to Tyrone. The Compend. torn. 3, lib. 5, c. ii. 
Infection which Munster Men have drawn from " In hoc statu rerum Petrus Lessius nobilis 
the corrupted Parts in Rebellion did more and eques Momonius vir animi plenus, nee eloquen- 
more spread itself, so as the old practices, long tise inanis Anglos, in quos aliquod crimen corn- 
held by the Arch-traitor Tyrone to induce them miserat, fugiens, inLageniam Huonem Omorram 
to a revolt, now fully attained their wished Ef- adit, eique persuadet, vt in Momonias faciat ex- 

12 I 



2082 awNata Rio^hachca eiReaNW. [159a 

ap a pao, no ap a pfplficfcc ^an mapbaD, no jan lonnapbao eipce. -\ nf mo 
po paccaibpioc ap pf6 na pee ceona cfnndic, na caiplen, nd en poo do bucai^ 
jfpalcac gan cup 1 peilb lapla ofpTnuman, acn namd cmplen na mainge hi 
ccornrae cmppaije, -| Gapp jeibcine i nuib conuill gabpa, -] TTlag eala i 
cconncae copcai je, lap ccjnocnuccaD an rfioppaoraip pin le bfcc naimpipe 
Do na pfipbi'peachaib pin Ui neill po jabarcap cfo, "] ceilebpaD aj an lapla 
DfpmuThan pm do oiponfoap pfin. Oo coib Uairne 6 mopDa (i an mfiD bai 
ace ppfccpa Do do na pfonacaib pin) illaoijipp. Oo Deachaib Remann 
a bupc (gup an luce baoi pop a popccaD, "] popp mbaof a curhacca Don 
conjdip ceDna) 50 hupmurhain. Oo raeD eipje amac na nullcac bdccap ap 
aon lap na huaiplib pin Diarcipib, 1 Dia ccijib gan eapbaiD lonrhaip no eoala 
DO capba rupaip na liuaipe pin. T?o an Capnn cipial 1 ppappaD lapla ofp- 
muTTian, 1 bai an ciapla aj caicfrn, "] ace cuapruccab na murhan, -) ace Dol 
1 nDaoinib Diaib 1 nDiaib pe lifb an Da mfop bai pfiriie Do Dfipeab na bliabna po. 

Uiccfpna mhoca gaipfcr .1. Gmann, mac Pipofipo, mic piapaip builcep 
Do Dol 1 muinreapup ui neill 1 ppojmap na bliabna po. 

Uiccfpna rpfna cluana meala, -| carpach buini lapccaij .1. romdp mac 
cepoiD mic piapaip, mic Gmainn, "j bapun luacmaiji, 1 Dpong mop do gillib 
occa buicilepaeh do eipje 1 ccorhmbdib coccaib na ngaoibel. 

peditionem : id plerosque Momonios summopere Anglus Momoniarum prajfectus su® provincia 

exoptare: rebellandi cupidos esse: omnes Giral- non ignarus esse a prouincia hostem arcere, pra^- 

dinos laimum Giraldinum creaturos Desmoniaa sidiarios milites, Momoniarum delectum, Mo- 

Comitem, & Ducem secuturos : Maccarrhas Des- monies optimates, quam maximas breuitate tem- 

moniae aliquem sibi principem electuros. Quod poris vires potuit comparare, Moalam conuocat, 

Huou consilium probans, Onello consentiente, prKseferens ibi velje cum Huone confligere. llli 

in hanc opinionem amicos suos, qui in Lagenia Huon appropinquans magnificas litteras scribit, 

bellum administrabant, mouet. Hi erant Ray- quibus ab eo petit, vt acie dimicet. Quam con- 

mundus Burkus Lietrimaj Baro cum Gulielmo ditionem Norris recusans Moalaj constituto pra;- 

fratre, Dermysius Oconchur cum duobus fra- sidio Corcacliam refugit. Huon sequitur, & eius 

tribus Carbrio, & Quinto, Richardus Tirellus. velites cum Norrisis vltimo agmine leuiter mis- 

Huon ducens pedites octingentos, & equites cir- silibus puguant. Sine mora multi praHer opi- 

citer triginta celerius omnium opinione in Mo- nionem Momonij ab Anglis deficiunt, Patritius 

raonias ire contendit, Lisia; custodia Edmundo Giraldinus, qui Macmoris, & Lacsnaaj Baro dici- 

i'ratri demandata. Comes Vrmonius regij ex- tur, Gulielmus Giraldinus eques Auratus Kier- 

ercitus imperator, illi obuiam iturus videbatur, rius Rasinnana; dominus, Edmundus Giraldinus 

sed non iuit, vel Iluonis celeritate auteuersus, eques Auratus vallis, Edmundus Giraldinus 

vel prselio experiri non ausus. Thomas Norris eques Auratus Albus & omnus fere nominis 



1598] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2083 

single son of a Saxon whom they did not either kill or expel. Nor did they 
leave, within this time, a single head residence, castle, or one sod of Geraldine 
territory, which they did not put into the possession of the Earl of Desmond, 
excepting only Castlemaine, in the county of Kerry ; Askeaton, in Hy-ConnelU 
Gaura; and Magh-Ealla [Mallow], in the county of Cork. When these agents 
of O'Neill had [thus], in a short time, accomplished this great labour, they took 
their leave of and bade farewell to this Earl of Desmond, whom they themselves 
had appointed. Owny O'More, and such part of the forces as adhered to him, 
set out for Leix ; Redmond Burke and that part of the same hosting which he 
had employed, and over which he had command, proceeded to Ormond ; and 
the Ulster troops who were along with these gentlemen proceeded to their ter- 
ritories and homes, not without wealth or booty acquired^ on this expedition. 
Captain Tyrrell remained with the Earl of Desmond ; and the Earl continued 
spending and subjugating Munster, and gaining more and more'' people over 
to his side, during the remaining two months of this year. 

The Lord of Mountgarrett', namely, Edmond, the son of Richard, son of 
Pierce Butler, concluded a friendship with O'Neill in the autumn of this year. 

The Lord of Clonmel-Third and Cahir, namely, Thomas, the son of Theo- 
bald, son of Pierce, son of Edmond, and the Baron of Luachmhagh", with many 
others of the young Butlers, joined in this war of the Irish. 

Giraldini Momonij, quorum plerique laimum chardo Tirello, Bernardo Okealla, & alijs. Mo- 

Giraldinum Desmonise Comitem renunciarunt, moriij quoque milites conscribuntur, & duces 

quo nomine a nobis etiam hinc erit appellandus. creantur. Ita in Momonij s bello accenso, Huoa 

Conspirarunt etiam Dermysius, & DonatusMac- in Lageniam reuertitur." — Fol. 157. 

carrhse Allse principatus competito^es, Daniel J jlcgwVo?; literally, "without want of wealth 

Maccarrhae Magni filius, Patritius Condon, Odon- or booty of the benefit of the expedition of this 

nochuus Onachtse, Odonnochus vallis. Desciue- time." 

runt quoque alij viri clarissimi, Eocheus Faram- * Gaining more and more : literally, " going 

nisB Vicecomes, Riohardus Buttlerus Montis into people gradually," i. e. "becoming more 

Gerarti Vicecomes, qui Onelli filiam vxorem populous, or more numerously followed-" 

habuit, Thomas Buttlerus Catharae Baro, & ' Mountgarrett. — A castle situated on the east 

alij : sed plures in Reginse amicitia manserunt, side of the Eiver Barrow, and a short distance 

non solum ciuitates omnes, & magistratus, sed to the north of the town of New Ross, in the 

principes, vel optimates. Illico ex Connachta county of Wexford. The keep of Lord Mount- 

confluunt multi, qui depopulata patria inedia garrett's castle stiU remains in tolerable preser- 

laborabant, & a Momonijs armantur, ducibus vation. 

Dermysio Oconchure, Gulielmo Burko, Ri- "iwacAjn/ja^A, now Loughmoe, a church givin<r 

12 I 2 



2084 awNaca Rioghachca emeawH. [1598. 

O Domnaill (.1. Q06 pua6) Do cop floij, -| j'ocpaicre a rfp conaill la 
TTlac Uilliam (.1. cepoicc, mac iiaceip cioraij, mic Sfain, nuc oiluepaip) hi 
pann riieic uilliam i ppojmap na bliaOna po. Ro cuip oin Ua Docapcaig laip 
(50 pocaibe moip amaille ppip) i. Sfan occ, mac Sfam, mic peilim, mic con- 
cobaip cappaij. 6a puaill md po haipijeab lao in aen rip Dap jabpac, no 
cpiapa ccuDcarap 50 panjacap na huitiaill jan pacuccab, "] ba hinncibpiDe 
baccap uprhop cpuiD, "i cfrpa, mnile, 1 aipnfipi painn meic uilliam uile. T?o 
Ifip cionoileaD leo ma mbaof do cpoDh pop cip 6 oilenaib bfcca amach, 1 gep 
mop an recclamab, "] an cpuinniuccaD cpeacb Do ponpac ni puaparcap pom 
Duab no Docap ma ccimceall, ace ualac a naipccpighre "] a niomdna amdin 
50 panjarap plan rap a naip Dia rcipib .1. TTlac uilliam 50 cip amaljaiD, 1 
Ua Docapcaij 50 binip eojbam. 

QN can cpa do coiob 6 Domnaill 1 peilb baile an TTlhocai^ 1 mf mfDom 
pajmaip na bliabna po arhail pemebfpcmap, po cuippioc conallaij a ccaop- 
aijeacca hi cconncae plijij, "1 bai Ua Domnaill pfm ina corhnaije 1 mbaile 
an TTlocaish 6 aimpip a pajbala 50 DiuiD noolacc mop. Po cuip Ua Oom- 
naill cionol pop a plojaib in jach aipm 1 mbacap. Uangacap ina Docom 
cecup cenel cconaill 50 lion a ccionoil. Udnaicc Dna TTlac uilliam bupc 
cepoiD mac Uaceip ciocaij co na mbaof po a mdmup, 1 lap poccain Doib- 
pibe 50 haon maijin do paijiD uf Domnaill 50 baile an mocaijh 1 noeipeaD 
mi'p Decembep Do ponpaD ap paip ofipiD laip Dol hi ccloinn Riocaipo ge po 
baccap luce on cipe 1 ppaiccfp 1 1 ppuipfcpup -| ge po baf a uarhan, "] a uipea- 
ccla poppa. LuiD piurh co na plojaib gan pabaD, gan pdrucchaD 50 painicc 
50 cai cdicfnach 50 Dopup cille coljan hi ccpepupccail na maiDne muice. 
T?olficciapampccaoileaD Dapcceimelcoibingac aipoDon ci'p inauiprimceall, 
"I po upldp cloinne T?iocaipD Do ponnpab. Do piachc Dponj; Diob 1 niompocpaib 
Doipecc pemamn, "| painicc Dpons ele 50 Dun juaipe hi ccoill ua ppiacpach. 

name to a parish and village in the barouy of " Caused. — The language is here too abrupt. 

Eliogarty, county of Tipperary, and about five The literal translation is: "O'Donnell put a 

miles to the north-east of Thurles. Near this gathering on his hosts in every place in vk^hich 

village are still to be seen the magnificent they were." 

ruins of the ancient castle, and more modern " Kilcolgan, Cill coljain : i. e. St. Colgan's 

mansion house, of Purcell, titular Baron of Church, now Kilcolgan, near Clarmbridge, in 

Loughmoe. the county of Galway See Colgan's Acta Sanv- 

TAewiaMistancfo.' i.e. the islands in Clew Bay. toiiim, p. 350, where this place is referred to 



1598] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2085 

In the autumn of this year O'Donnell (i. e. Hugh Eoe) sent a body of forces 
from Tirconnell with Mac William (Theobald, the son of Walter Kittagh, son 
of John, son of Oliver) into Mac William's territory. He sent with him on this 
occasion O'Doherty (John Oge, the son of John, son of Felim, son of Conor 
Carragh) with a great force. They were scarcely noticed in any country by 
which they marched, or through which they passed, until they arrived in the 
Owles ; and it was in these [territories] the greater part of the herds and flocks 
of cattle of all Mac William's country then were. They collected all the cattle 
that were on the main land outside the small islands'" ; and though great was 
the gathering and collection of preys they made, they encountered no danger or 
difficulty on account of them, save only the trouble of removing and driving 
them off. And they returned safe to their territories, i. e. Mac William to 
Tirawly, and O'Doherty to Inishowen. 

When O'Donnell had obtained possession of Ballyraote, [which was] in the 
middle of autumn, as we have before mentioned, the Kinel-Connel sent theiV 
creaghts into the county of Sligo ; and O'Donnell himself resided at Ballymote 
from the time it was given up to him until after Christmas. O'Donnell [at this 
time] caused" his forces to be mustered in every place where they were : first, 
the Kinel-Connell, with all their forces, came to him ; and next, Mac Wilhara 
Burke (Theobald, the son of Walter Kittagh), with all those who were under 
his jurisdiction : and when these had come together to O'Donnell, to Ballymote, 
[which was] precisely in the end of the month of December, the resolution he 
adopted was, to proceed into Clanrickard, although the inhabitants of that ter- 
ritory were on the alert and on their guard, such was their fear and dread of 
him. He marched silently and quietly with his forces, and arrived unnoticed 
and unobserved at the gate of Kilcolgan" by break of day. He then sent 
marauding parties in every direction around him, through the level part of 
Clanrickard. One party went to the borders of Oireacht-Redmond'', and ano- 

as near Athcliath Meadhruidhe. three territories, viz. : Kinelea, otherwise called 

' Oireacht-Redmond : i. e. the tribe of Red- O'Shaghnes's country, comprising one hundred 

mond, anglice Eraght Redmond, which was a and five quarters of land ; Eraght-Redmond, 

tribe name assumed by a sept of the Burkes of fifty-eight and a half (juarters ; and Killovye- 

Clanrickard. It appears, from an Inquisition ragh, otherwise O'Heyne's country, forty-five 

taken at Galway in 1608, that the barony of quarters. These districts are still well known 

Kiltartan, in the county of Galway, comprised in the barony of Kjltartan. 



2086 QHwa^-a Rioghachca eiReaNN. - [1598. 

00 ponab ecca mopa lap an luce pin Do coi6 50 coill ua ppiacpach .1. Da 
mac Roppa mic Uaicne mic maoileclamn uf loclainn, coippDelbac buiDe, -\ 
bpian DO rhapbaD. T?o mapbaD Dna Duine uapal Do cloinn nDomnaill gallocc- 
lac baf 1 ppappaD TTlhfic uillmm ap an pluaijfb pm .1. Q06 buiDe occ, mac 
Qoba buiDe, mic maolmuipe mec Dorhnaill la roipp&elbac buiDe, mac Roppa 
Don cup pin pia na mapbab bubfin. Ro mapboD bfop la Dpuing ele do 

, muinncip Ui Domnaill, Da mac uilliam mic Sfain 6 pinn mil, -] mac cfpoicc 
mic Dabog 6 Doipe ui Domnaill, -| mac a mfic. l?o jabaD Dna la TTlajnup, 
mac Qoba mic majnupa la Deapbparaip ui Domnaill TTlac hobfpo 6 Dipfpc 
cellaij .1. uilliam, mac uillicc puaib mic uillicc oicc. ^epbcap lomba lolapba 
buannaba on lapla ap opDa hi ccloinn RiocaipD Rainicc la hUa noomnaill a 
puccab cuicce Do cpfcaib comaibble. Do rdinrib cpoma, Daipccnb -] DeDalaib 
Do bpeich laip ap an ci'p jan rpoiD, gan cacap 50 painicc lomlan cap a oipp 
50 baile an TTlhocaijli. 

Ro baf impfpain -| fppaonca ecip Dpuinj Do Daoimb uaiple cuabmuman 
im corhpoinn, -| im comaijcrp a ccpice,-] a ppfpainn, a mbailceab,"] a mbuan 
caiplen po bob eimilc do pccpiobab no Daipnfip. 

O po haipnfibeab Do bainpfojain S}ia;can "| Don comaiple 50 po fip^frcap 
Gipfnnaijh na hajhaib amail po haipnfiDheab cfna, ") an lion Dfpmaip Dia 
Daoimb copcpaccap an bliabampi, Qppeab po chinn an ppionnpa -| an 
comaiple Sip RipDfpD bionjam Do Ificcfn anoip 50 nocc mile Do paijDiuipibh 
amaille ppipp Do cpuabuccab "| do corujab an coccaib abup 50 cciopab 
lapla op epe;r Dm po hopoaijeab an can pm cocc m epinn 6 pelbpigDe amach 

1 cculab, 1 ccopccup, "] in apmail na po cionnpccnab a hionnpaifiail Do cop 50 
liepmn piarh 6 po jabpac Sa;coin do laim a jabail gup an can pin. Qn Sip 
RipDcpD pempaice RiDipe onopac eipibe Do muincip na bainpiojna, pob 

'' Dun-Guaire, now Dungorey, a townland 'Doire-Ui-Dhomhnaill: i.e. 0''DonneWs'DeTTy, 

containing the ruins of a castle near the town or Oak Grove, now Derrydonnell, in the parish 

of Kinvarra, said to occupy the site of the pa- of Athenry, and about three miles to the east 

lace of Guaire Aidhne, King of Connaught, in of Oranmore. For the origin of this name see 

the seventh century, ancestor of the family of the year 1213, p. 179, supra, and note '', ibid. 

O'Heyne, by whom this castle was erected " Mac Hubert of Disert-Ceallaigh This was 

See Genealogies, ^c, of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 67. an Irish name assumed by the head of a sept of 

^ Rinn-Mhil, now Einvile, near Oranmore, on the Burkes seated at Isertkelly, a castle in a 

the shore of the bay of Galway. parish of the same name, situated to the south- 



1598] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2087 

ther to Dun-Guaire", in Coill-Ua-bhFiachrach. This part who went to Coill- 
Ua-bhFiachrach committed lamentable deeds, namely, they slew the two sons 
of Eoss, the son of Owny, son of Melaghlin O'Loughlin, i. e. Turlough Boy and 
Brian. But a gentleman of the Clann-Donnell Galloglagh, who was along with 
Mac William on that expedition, namely, Hugh Boy Oge, the son of Hugh Boy, 
son of Mulmurry Mac Donnell, had been slain on this occasion by Turlough 
Boy, the son, before he himself fell. By another party of O'Donnell's people 
were slain the two sons of William, son of John [Burke] of Rinn-Mhir, and 
the son of Theobald, son of Dabuck, from Doire-Ui-Dhomhnaiir, with his bro- 
ther's son. Mac Hubert of Disert-Ceallaigh', namely, William, the son of Ulick 
Roe, son of Ulick Oge, was taken prisoner by O'Donnell's brother, Manus, son 
of Hugh, son of Manus. Although the Earl had great numbers of hired soldiers 
quartered in Clanrickard, O'Donnell happened to carry off out of the territory 
ciU the immense spoils, heavy herds, and other booty and property, which had 
been collected for him, without battle or conflict, until he arrived safe at 
Ballymote. 

There existed strife and dissensions among some of the gentlemen of Tho- 
mond, concerning the division and joint- tenure" of their territory lands, towns, 
and strong castles, which it would be tedious to write or describe. 

When it was told to the Queen of England and the Council that the Irish 
had risen up against her in the manner already described, and the vast numbers 
of her people who had been slain in this year, the resolution adopted by the 
Sovereign and the Council was, to send over Sir Richard Bingham with eight 
thousand soldiers, to sustain and carry on the war here, until the Earl of Essex 
should [be prepared] to come, who was then ordered to go to Ireland after the 
festival of St. Bridget with attire and expense, and an army, such as had not 
been attempted to be sent to Ireland, since the English had first undertaken to 
invade it, till that time. This Richard aforesaid was an honourable knight"* of 

west of the town of Loughrea, in tbe county of complaints which had been lodged against this 

Gal way. honourable knight, of illibatajides, by the chiet- 

" Joint tenure. — " Coiiiairceap .1. comhap." — tains of Connaught, he was removed and incar- 

WCkry. oerated by the Queen, who felt convinced that 

" Hononrahle knigU — By this the Four Mas- he had killed too many of the Burkes in cold 

ters mean a man on whom honours had been blood ; b\it when she heard of the defeat of her 

heaped by his Sovereign. On a<jcount of certain Field-mavshal, Sir Henry Hagnal, she was per- 



2088 awNaca Rioghachca eiReawN. [1598. 

eolach ^ nepinn eipbe, 1 baf na jobepnoip 1 cc6iccea6 connacc yeal Do blioD- 
noib jioirhe pin. Ctn rmpla op eppe;r pin a Dubpamap bfop, neach 6 baf hi 
ccion, 1 hi ccpfiofrham, 1 1 nonoip aj an mbainpiojain, neach e Do nio6 
pojail 1 popjabail pop ppouinnpibmpraip eoppa ahucc nabainpfojna ceona, 
-) ba Ifippibe po jabab caraip bainjfn Diocojlaiji hi piojachc na Spainne 
jap bfcc piap an can pin. Cabp ainm na cachpach ipin. 

lapla cuabmurhan Do bfich hi Sa;coib on callainn 50 cele an bbabain pi. 

lapla cille Dapa .1. Uillmnn, mac geapoirc, mic geapoicc Do 60I hi 8a;roib 
ipin eappac. 

O concobaip Sliccijh Donnchab mac cacail oicc do rocc a Sapcoib ipin 
njfimpeaD. 

QpDona Daoinib uaipleDocua&mumain bacap 1 mmpfpainppia poile amail 
a Dubpamap Uabcc mac concobaip mic Donnchaib ui bpiain lep gabab Dpoicfc 
puipc cpoippi,i jion gup bo hepibe ceccup po rionnpgain a gabail pop TTlaip- 
5pei5 ciopocc ap cuicce Do cuic po Dfoib. T?o jabaD laip caiplen cluaine 1 
nuibh caipm,-] caiplen na pccaipbe 1 noiprCp 6 mbloiD ap rupnae mfic eppcoip 
na m'De. Ro bob Diob bfop concobap mac Dorhnaill mic macgartina, mic 
bpiain ui bpiain do jabail baile an caiplein 1 ccloinn cuilein uaccapaij ap 
TTlhac conmapa pionn, Sfan, mac caiDj, mic conmfba. 6a Diob Dna coippbeal- 
bac macmargamna, miccoippDealbaij, mic macgamna 6 coill 6 pplannchaba 

suaded that BingBam had acted with that seve- gloria clarior. Ad S. Quintini enim Conques- 

rity due to such obdurate rebels, and accord- turn in Armonica ad Leitham in Hebridibus, 

ingly set him at liberty, and appointed him as Scotia, Creta Insula, ad Chrium contra Turcas, 

successor to Marshal Bagnal. Camden mentions in Gallia & Belgio militavit, & quas dixi, in Hi- 

these facts briefly as follows, in his Annal. Reg. bernia gessit." 

Eliz., A. D. 1598 : ^ Calis This is a mere error of the tran- 

" Ad hujus insolentiam" [0-Neali] " com- scriber of Cadis, i. e. Cadiz, 
primendam imprimis habUis visus est Kichardus ' Portcroisi, now Portcrush, on the Shannon, 

Binghamus, contra rebelles in Hibernia fortis & not far from O'Brien's Bridge. — See it already 

foelix si quis alius. Ille igitur qui jampridem mentioned under the years 1506, 1510, 1597. 
Connacthiffi Prsefectura, provincialibus de seve- ' Cluain, now Cloone, near the village of Tulla, 

ritatequiritantibus,amotus, inAngliam vocatus, on the east of the county of Clare. 
& in custodiam datus, nunc remittitur cum ho- " Sgairbh, now Scarriff, a small town in the 

nore & authoritate Marescalli Hiberniae & Lage- parish of Tomgraney, in the north-east of the 

nise Generalis. Verum statim atque appulit county of Clare See it already mentioned un- 

Dubliiiias diem obiit. Vir genere claro & anti- der the year 1564. 

quo in agro Dorsettensi, sed veterauK militise ^ Hy-mBloid. — This was the name of a sept of 



1598.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2089 

the Queen's people, and was acquainted with Ireland ; for he had been Govenor 
of the province of Connaught for some years before. The Earl of Essex, whom 
we have also mentioned, was one who was in favour, esteem, and honour with 
the Queen, and one who had made plunders and descents upon the provinces 
of the west of Europe for the same Queen. It was he who, a short time before, 
had taken a strong and well-fortified city in the kingdom of Spain, named 
Calis\ 

The Earl of Thomond remained in England the entire of this, year, from 
one calend to the other. 

The Earl of Kildare (William, the son of Garret, son of Garret), went to 
England in the spring. 

O'Conor Sligo (Donough, the son of Cathal Oge) returned from England 
in the winter. 

Among those gentlemen of Thomond, of whom we have spoken as being 
at strife with each other, was Teige, the son of Conor, son of Donough O'Brien, 
by whom the bridge of Portcroisi' was taken ; and although he was not the 
first who had attempted to take it [by force] from Margaret Cusack, it was to 
him it finally fell. He also took the castle of Cluain" in Hy-Caisin, and the 
castle of Sgairbh", in the east of Hy-Bloid", from the attorney of the Bishop of 
Meath's son". Among these was also Conor, son of Donnell, son of Mahon, son 
of Brian O'Brien, who took Baile-an-chaislein", in Upper Clann-Cuilein, from 
Mac Namara Finn (John, the son of Teige, son of Cumeadha). Among them 
was Turlough, son of Mahon, from Coill O'Flannchadha', who took from 

the Dal-Cais, of whom the O' Kennedys, O'Sha- in 1563, and died in 1583. How the son of that 

nahans, O'Duracks, and O'Kearneys, were the Bishop came to have property in Clare, the 

most distinguished families. These families Editor has not been able to discover. The 

were dispossessed in 1318, by Turlough na Brady s of Tomgraney, who suppose that their 

Caithreime O'Brien, aided by the Mac Nama- real name is O'Grady, still possess property in 

ras, who, shortly after this period, took pos- the neighbourhood of Scarriflf. The present 

session of the whole region lying between the Lord Chancellor of Ireland is descended from 

River Fergus and the Shannon. The name Ui this Bishop, according to the tradition in the 

mBloid is still retained in the ecclesiastical di- family. 

vision, and is now applied to a deanery in the * Baile-an-chaiskin, now Castletown, in the 

east of the county of Clare. parish of Dury, a short distance to the east of 

' The Bishop of Meath's son : i.e. the son of Ennis, in the county of Clare. 

Hugh Brady, Bishop of Meath, who succeeded « Coill- O^hFlannchadha : i. e. O'Flannchada's 

12 k 



2090 



awNaca Rioshachca emeaNH. 



[1598. 



lep jabaD t)oipe Gojain ap Shfoipf i ciopocc, Diap bo ouccapaigh cet)U|' clann 
arhlaoib, mic cfin Uf Shfchnapaijh, i Do cfnjail macjariiain, mac roippDeal- 
baij buicc uf bpiain le coill o pplannchaba. 6a do na oaoinib uaiple ceDna 
roippDealbac mac mupchaiD mic concobaip uf bpiain 6 caraip rhionain, co na 
bpacaip Diapmaic puaD Do Dol i ccombaiD coccaiD na njaoiDeal. T?o bab 
Dfob cpa caDg caoc, mac coippDealbaij, mic bpiain, mic DonnchaiD, mec mar- 
jamna do jabail luinge Sa;ranai5e pa noolaicc mop lap mbfic Di pop pfcpdn 
arhaiD paDa piap an can pin. Qpeab Do pala Di 50 po jab popr i ccopca baip- 
cinn laprapaije 1 ccompocpaib caippje an coblaij, Ro bfn caDg an long co 
na pomaoin Dia poipmn. Nip bo cmn lap pin gup beccpom a rapba Do cabcc, 
1 jup bo cpom a copaijecc paip. Qn caDj ceDna Do jabail an Duin bicc 
baile Dia bailcib pfin baf ag cfnnaijhe 6 luimneach a njioll le piacaib. 



wood. This was a woody district in the parish 
of Kilkeedy, barony of Inchiquin, and county 
of Clare, and on the borders of the county of 
Gralway. The old inhabitants of this district 
informed the Editor, in the year 1839, that 
they had seen considerable remnants of Coill 
O'bhFlannchadha, in the townlands of Bun-a- 
chiopain and Ait-tighe-doighte, in the parish of 
Kilkeedy. They also told him that the castles 
of Doire-Eoghain, or Derryowen, and Cluain- 
Dhubhain, were always considered as in the 
district of Coill O'bhFlannchadha. 

' Cathair-Minain, now Caherminane, in the 
parish of Kilelagh, barony of Corcomroe, and 

county of Clare See note °, under the year 

1591, p. 1907, supra. 

^ Carraig-an-Chohhlaigh: i.e. theEock of the 
Fleet, now corruptly pronounced in the Irish 
language Cappaij a' cobalcaij, now anglicised 
Carrigaholt, a village in the barony of Moyarta, 
in the south-west of the county of Clare. It is 
situated on a bay to which it gives name, and 
near the Moyarta River, which falls into the 
Lower Shannon. Near the village, on a rocky 
cliff overhanging the bay, are the ruins of the 
castle of Carraig-an-Chobhlaigh, built by Mac 
Mahon, chief of Western Corca-Vaskin. 



'' Of debt. — The chieftain mortgaged this cas- 
tle to a Limerick merchant, and, taking advan- 
tage of the troubles, ousted the merchant with- 
out paying the debt. 

Under this year Camden records the death of 
three learned Englishmen, of whom one was the 
poet Edmund Spenser, — who lived for about 
nineteen years in Ireland, which he described 
as being " as beautiful and sweet a country as 
any under heaven," — of whom he gives the fol- 
lowing notice: 

" Tertius, Ed. Spenserus patria Londinensis, 
Cantabragiensis etiam Academise alumnus, Mu- 
sis adeo arridentibus natus, ut omnes Anglicos 
superioris sevi Poetas, ne Chaucero quidem con- 
cive excepto, superaret. Sed peculiari Poetis 
fato semper cum paupertate conflictatus, etsi 
Greio HiberniiE proregi fuerit ab epistolis. Vix 
enim ibi secessum & scribendl otium nactus, 
cum a rebellibus e laribus ejectus & bonis 
spoliatus, in Angliam inops reversus statim ex- 
piravit. Westmonasterii prope Chaucerum im- 
pensis Comitis Essexise inhumatus, Poetis fu- 
nus duoentibus, ilebilibusque carminibus & 
calamis in tumulum conjectis." — Anncd. Bey. 
Elis., A.D. 1598. 

Ware, however, states, in the Preface to his 



1598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2091 



George Cusack Derryowen, at first the patrimony of the sons of AuHffe, the 
son of Cian O'Shaughnessy. Mahon, the son of Turlough Boy, obtained Coill 
O'Flannchadha. Among the same gentlemen was Turlough, the son of Mur- 
rough, son of Conor O'Brien, from Cathair Mionain^ and his kinsman, Dermot 
Roe, who joined in the war of the Irish. Among them, moreover, was Teige 
Caech, the son of Turlough, son of Brian, son of Donough Mac Mahon, who, 
about Christmas in this year, captured an English ship that had been going 
astray for a long time before. It happened to put in at a harbour in Western 
Corca-Bhaiscinn, in the neighbourhood of Carraig-an-Chobhlaigh^. Teige took 
away this ship from the crew, and all the valuable things it contained. It was 
not long after till Teige found the profit very trivial, and the punishment severe. 
The same Teige took Dunbeg, one of his own castles, from a Limerick mer- 
chant, who had it in his possession, in heu of debt". 



Edition of Spenser's Fi'er^ of the State of Ireland, 
that lie died in the year 1599, though others 
have it wrongly 1598. Spenser came to Ireland 
in 1580, as Secretary to the Lord Grey, and 
got a grant, in 1585, of 3000 acres of the lands 
of the county of Cork, forfeited by the rebellion 
of the Earl of Desmond and his confederates, and 
resided in the castle of Kilcolman, two miles 
north-west of Doneraile, where he wrote his 
View of the State of Ireland, in the year 1596, 
and finished his celebrated poem, " The Faery 
Queeny — See Smith's County Cork, book ii. 
c. vii. Ware says that it were to be wished 
that some passages in his View of the State of 
Ireland " had been tempered with more mode- 
ration ;" and Walter Harris, who was a man of 
great research and honesty, though deeply im- 
bued with prejudices against the Irish Catho- 
lics, has added the following words in brackets 
to Ware, giving his opinion of Spenser's View of 
the State of Ireland : 

" This Book lay in MS. in Archbishop Usher's 
Library, and was from thence published by Sir 
James Ware, the year aforesaid" [1633] "and 
dedicated to the Lord Wentworth, then Lord De- 
puty of Ireland. The Scope and Intention of 

12 



the Book was to forward the Reformation of 
the Abuses and evil Customs of Ireland; and 
some things in it are very well written, parti- 
cularly as to the Political main design of reduc- 
ing Ireland to the due Obedience of the Crown 
oi-England. But in the History and Antiqui- 
ties of the Country he is often miserably mis- 
taken, and seems rather to have indulged the 
Fancy and Licence of a Poet, than the Judg- 
ment and Fidelity requisite for an Historian. 
Add to this his want of Moderation, in which, 
it must be confessed, he was exceedingly defec- 
tive." — Irish Writers, p. 327. 

It is very much to be regretted that Thierry 
and other writers, being deceived by the cele- 
brity of his name, have helped to perpetuate 
some of his fictions ; but truth will finally tri- 
umph ; and the Editor, who intends to publish 
a review of Spenser's View of the State of Ireland, 
in which he will give him full credit for his dis- 
cernment of abuses, and expose all his intentional 
figments, shall take no further notice of this di- 
vine bard-hunter, except that we learn from Ben 
Jonson's letter to Drummond of Hawthomden, 
that he died in London, in 1599, for lack of 
bread/ 

k2 



2092 awNata Rioshachca eiReaNN. [1599. 

aOlS CRIOSU, 1599. 
Qoip cpiopc, mile, cuicc ceo, nocac, anaoi. 

Qn ciapla cTnlle oapa ]-in a Dubpamap t)o 60I hi Sa;roib ipn mbliabam 
perhainn .1. Uilliam, mac jepoicc, mic jepoicr, T?o cpiall cocc in epinn 1 
nfppach na blia&na yo. lap nool do hiUuing co nocr ppfpaibh oecc Do mainb 
na miDe, ") pine gall maille ppip , o po peolpar C6 paipccpiona ipin ppaippgi 
ni conpacup bfo aem neich Diob opin alle 1 po bob a cipib oile po cfnn Da 
rhiop lap pm cainicc Dfimin a mbaip 50 Sa;)foib -] 50 hGpmn. Ni po paccaib- 
pium mac, na ofpbparaip ina DfoiD Do jebaD a corhopbup, acr po lioipDneaD 
commbparaip Do (.1. geapoicr, mac eDuaipD mic gepoirr, mic romaip, mic 
Sfam caim) lap an mbainpiojain 1 la corhaiple Sha;ran. Nfch eipiDe bai na 
capcin pop paijDiuipib ag Denarh pfipbfpi Don bainpfojain 50 po Ificc Dia an 
inrhe pm Dia paijiD gan cac, gan coccaD, gan jabaiD, jan guappacc. 

O maolmuaib .1. Conall mac caraoip oecc i neappac na bliabna po, -] a 
mac .1. an calbac do jabail a lonaiD a hxicr na bainpiojna. Qpaill do Daoinib 
uaiple a ciniD ace poccpa"] ace puaiopeab paip (do pfip gnaraishce gaoiDeal) 
a nDiaiD an anma pin. 

pfp5up, mae bpiain, mie bpiam, mic RuDpaije, mic carail ui pfp^ail Decc 
1 mi mapca, ") po ba6 aDbap eccaoine ma cip pfin eipiDhe. 

Oomnall, mae neill mfipji^, mic maolmuipe, mic Qo&a, mic neill do 
rhapbaD la TTlaolmuipe mac bpiam oicc, "] la hQoD mbuiDe, mic pippfba rhec 
puibne 1 laopibe (do cpochab) Do lopccab la hUa nDomnaill Qob puab ap 
mullac piire Qoba hi ceionaiDh a migniorfi, "] rpe coll a peachca. 

Semup, mae roippbealbaij, mic cuarail uf jallcubaip do cpochab la 
hUa nDorhnaill ap mullac na Sice op fpp puaib an efrpamab la do mapca 
lap na bfpbab paip co mbaoi ag bpach -\ a^ caipeelab Ui bomnaill, -| ace 
cappainj jail Dia cip. 

' According to the custom of the Irish. — Oo p6ip Irish law of tanistic succession, attempted to de- 

jndraijce ^aoioeul: i. e. secundum consuetudi- pose him. 

nes Gaddiorum. Calvagh O'Molloy succeeded as i Mullach-Sithe-Aedha, now Mull aghnashee, or 

the eldest son of his father, according to the Mulnashee, the hill on which the church of Bal- 

laws of England ; but others of his tribe, who lyshannon stands, 

would be preferred to him according to the '' Violating his law, Cpe coll ap peacca. — The 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2093 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1599. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand jive hundred ninety-nine. 

The Earl of Kildare, whom»Fe have spoken of in the last year as having 
gone to England, namely, William, the son of Garrett, son of Garrett, prepared 
to return to Ireland in the spring of this year. He went into a ship with 
eighteen of the chiefs of Meath and Fingall ; [and] after they had sailed till 
out of sight at sea, none of them was alive ever since ; and it was from other 
countries, in two months afterwards, that an account of the certainty of their 
deaths arrived in England and Ireland. He [the Earl] left neither son nor 
brother behind him to succeed to his title ; but his kinsman, Garrett, the son 
of Edward, son of Garrett, son of Thomas, son of John Cam, was appointed by 
the Queen and Council of England. He had been [only] a captain over soldiers 
in the Queen's service, until God permitted this property to devolve to him, 
without battle or war, peril or danger. 

O'Molloy (Connell, the son of Cahir) died in the spring of this year ; and 
his son, Calvagh, took his place, being appointed by the Queen. Some of the 
gentlemen of his tribe vied and contended with him (according to the custom 
of the Irish') for that name. 

Fergus, the son of Brian, son of Brian, son of Rury, son of Cathal O'Farrell, 
died in the month of March ; and [his death] was the cause of lamentation in 
his own territory. 

Donnell, the son of Niall Meirgeach, son of Mulniurry, son of Hugh, son of 
Niall [Mac Sweeny], was slain by Mulmurry, the son of Brian Oge, and Hugh 
Boy, the son of Ferfheadha Mac Sweeny. Both of these [i. e. the slayers] were 
hanged [and] burned by O'Donnell (Hugh Roe), on Mullach-Sithe-Aedha^ for 
this crime, and for violating his law". 

James, the son of Turlough, son of Tuathal O'Gallagher, was hanged by 
O'Donnell on MuUach-na-Sithe, over Assaroe, on the fourth day of March, it 
having been proved against him that he was spying and betraying O'Donnell, 
and drawing the English into his country. 

word coU is nearly synonymous with papujao, Glossary it is explained by the modern word 
and denotes to break or violate. In O'Clery's miUeuo. 



2094 awMaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [isgg, 

Seoippi cioy^occ, mac romdif oo mapbab i mi luil la roipp6elbac, mac 
marjamna mic coippOealBai^ mic margarhna, mic an eppuicc ui bpiain im 
Duchaij a arap, uaip do paD Sip Ripoepo bionjam Duchaij macsamna 
ui bpiain (lap na cup cum bdip laip) Don cpeoippi pempaice, ■] baipium a 
noiam a acapDa co po mapbaD Sfoippi laif Don chup pin, -] po babnaicfb 
eipibe 1 mainipnp innpi. 

TTlac uf concobaip ciappaije .1. DonnchaD maol, mac concobaip, mic con- 
cobaip, mic Seam Do mapbaD 1 mi Qugupr la Dpuing Daitipaib lapla Dfpmu- 
man .1. la cloinn TTlajnupa oicc, mic majnupa, mic emainn mec pichij, 1 po 
bob Die mop lap an lapla an mapbab pin, ap ba Dia compann coccaiD 6 con- 
cobaip babfin .1. Sfan, 1 a bfpbpacaip an Donnchab pin co na mbaof ina rrfp 
uile. 

Sfan mac an jiolla Duib, mic Semuip ui cinneirnj 6 baile an jappba cnuic 
pfche una 1 nupmumain Do mapbab la hdob, mac mupchaib ui cinneiccig 
6 baile ui cuipc. 

Ppio.p locpa 1 nuprhumain .1. Sfan, mac Sfain, mic jiollapacrpaicc uf 
occain Do mapbab la Dpumj Do piol ccinneicnj 1 mi lul Do ponnpab. 

TTlop injfn Domnaill mic concobaip, mic coippbealbaij ui bpiain Decc i mi 
lanuapg bfn pin pob lonmolca 1 mobaib mna. 

lapla cuabmuman .1. Donnchab mac concobaip ui bpiain Do coibecr a 
Sa;roib hi mf lanuapg, -| anmam Do hi ppappab lapla upmuman i mbuicilep- 
acaib CO cfno achaib laparti. 

TTlac DO cloinn ui neill .1. Conn, mac Ctoba, mic pipDopca, mic cumn bacaij 
DO rocc I mi lanuapg do benam cuapca 05 cdipDib "] ag compann coccaib a 
arap illaijnib,-] ipin mumain, Dia piop cm Di'ob po baf i mbun a ccapaccpao"] 
a cnn^eallca Dua neill, -| Do jaoibelaib. Ro an uprhop an eappaij ip na 
cfpib pin, aj pajbdil bib Dia aitipaib, 1 050 nfpcaD ipin ccoccab 1 mbdurap. 

' Misfortune, oir : literally, " loss." preservation, in the parish of Lorha, barony of 

" Baile-an-Gharrdha-Chniuc-Sithe-Una, now Lower Ormond, and county of Tipperary See 

Ballingarry, a townland giving name to a pa- note ", under the year 1561, p. 1584, supra. 
rish in the barony of Lower Ormond, about half " Lotkra, now Lorha, a small village with the 

a mile from the conspicuous hUl of Cnoc-Sith- ruins of several churches and abbey walls, in a 

Una, now anglice Knocksheegowna, and about parish of the same name, barony of Lower Or- 

four miles to the south-east of Burrisokeane. mond, and county of Tipperary. The pedigree 

" BaUyquirh, a townland, with a castle in good of John O'Hogan, Prior of Lothra, who was the 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2()95 

George Cusack, the son of Thomas, was slain in the month of July by 
Turlough, the son of Mahon, son of Turlough, son of Mahon, son of the Bishop 
O'Brien, on account of his father's territory. For Sir Richard Bingham, after 
he had put Mahon O'Brien to death, had given up his [Mahon's] territory to the 
aforesaid George ; and he [Turlough] persevered in his endeavours to recover 
his patrimony, until he slew George on this occasion. And he [George] was 
buried in the monastery of Ennis. 

The son of O'Conor Kerry (Donough Mael, the son of Conor, son of Conor, 
son of John), was slain in the month of August, by a party of the soldiers of 
the Earl of Desmond, namely, by the sons of Manus Oge, son of Manus, son of 
Edmond Mac Sheehy ; and that slaying was deemed a great misfortune' by the 
Earl; for O'Conor himself (John) was his ally in war, as was his brother, this 
Donough [who was slain], and all who were in their terrritory. 

John, the son of Gilla-Duv, son of James O'Kennedy, from Baile-an- 
Gharrdha-Chnuic-Sithe Una", in Ormond, was slain by Hugh, the son of Mur- 
rough O'Kennedy, from Ballyquirk". 

The Prior of Lothra° in Ormond (John, the son of John, son of Gillapatrick 
O'Hogan), was slain by a party of the O'Kennedys in the month of July. 

More, the daughter of Donnell, son of Conor, son of Turlough O'Brien, 
died in the month of January. She was a woman praiseworthy in the Ways of 
woman. 

The Earl of Thomond (Donough, the son of Conor O'Brien), returned 
from England in the month of January, and remained for some time afterwards 
with the Earl of Ormond, in the country of the Butlers. 

One of O'Neill's sons, namely, Con, the son of Hugh, son of Ferdorcha, 
son of Con Bacagh, went, in the month of January, on a visit among the friends 
and warlike confederates of his father in Leinster and Munster, to ascertain 
who they were that were firm in their friendship and promises to O'Neill and 
the Irish. He remained in those territories during the greater part of the 
Spring, obtaining provisions for his soldiers, and confirming them in the war 

brother of Hogan O'Hogan, of the castle of Thomas, son of Siacus, son of Conor, Bishop of 

Ardcrony, near Nenagh, is given diiFerently by Killaloe." ^t is probable that Mac Firbis has 

Duald Mac Firbis, as follows : " John, son of omitted a generation i. e. Gilln-Patrick, be- 

John, son of Melaghlin, son of John, son of tween John and Melaghlin. 



2096 aNNQta Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1599. 

bai ioTnarai5i coinne, "] capaccpab erip an mac fin 111 neill "] TTIac lapla 
ciianmuriian .1. caDg mac concobaip uf bpiain ayi ^ac caeb Do SViionainn. 

Uoippbealbac, mac Domnaill, mic concobaip ui Bpiam Dpopcrab 6ccbai6 
■j aepa cuapaprail 1 ppiopcopac na bliaDna po Do congnam lap an mbain- 
piojain 1 najhaio a hfpccapac. Ofpbpacaip occ lapla ruabmiiman .1. Dorh- 
nall, mac concobaip, mic DonnchaiD Do bfich 1 ccfnDup, 1 lii ccoDnacup muin- 
npe lapla cuaDmurfian aj congnam bfop lap an mbainpiojam. 

lap ngabail na liiinje Sa;canai5e pin cap a ccangamap cuap Do caDj caoc, 
mac coipp&ealbaij, mic marjamna po pap mocuccaD mi'oitiuinncfpaip, "] 
aippbe fppaonca ecip e -| an mac pm an lapla .1. Dorhnall. Oo ciiaiD an roDg 
pin 1 ccfnn lapla Dfpmuman, ■] Do pome a rhumnrfpup map 506 pann ele Dap 
cfngail a ccop ppipp. lap rcocc Do caDj lapccain cap Sionainn cucc lonn- 
paighiD oiDche ap an occ macaeiti ap borhnall ua bpiain an peaccrhab la 
Decc Do mf pebpu 50 cill TTluipe 6 mbpacdin. Oo jabaD "] Do gonab Domnall 
laip, -] po mapbab Dponj Da baofnib Diolmuine. Ruccab e pfin Don Dun bfcc 
Dia lomcoimfcc co na baof ace peaccmain illdim an can Do Ificceab amacli 
e gan uppaba, 5an dpach. 

Ua Domnaill .i. Qob puab, mac Qoba, mic majniipa, baf pibe na comnaibe 
1 mbaile an rhocaij 1 cconncae plijij 6 po ppaoince cac m Qca buibe 1 
nupropach Qu5upc jopeil bpijDe na bliabna po. 6d poDo laippium jan Dol 
ipm ccoiccpich pip an pe pin ") ni piDip caibe an cionao epbalca ippa^ab uaip 
nf po pdccaib dipo, no aipcionn, Diamaip na Dpoibel i ccoicceab connacc na 
po mnpepcaip, no na capo geill, -j eiDipe uabaib, jenmocd ciiabmuma an 
cpainpiD. r?o poccpab imoppo ploijfb laip Do cocc 1 ccuabmumain in ecmaing 
na pee pempaice. Uangacap cpa cenel cconaill ceccup ira cionol. l?o 
bab Dibpibe Qob occ, mac QoDa Duib mic Qoba puaib, mic neill jaipb 
uf DomnaiU, Niall japb, mac cuinn, mic an calbai j, mic majnupa, mic Qoba 
Duib, O Docapcaij Sfan occ, mac Sfain, mic pelim mic concobaip cappai j, 
O baoi^iU Uabg occ, mac caibcc, mic coippbealbaij, mic neill, TTlac puibne 

P Tdge, the son of Conor. — This Teige was the except that he had three illustrious sons, Colo- 
brother of Donough, fourth Earl of Thomond, nel Dermot, surnamed the Good, Colonel Mur- 
who was very loyal to the Queen and her go- tough, who figured during Cromwell's usurpa- 
yernment. Teige seems to have been disaf- tion, and Turlough. 
fected, but very little of his history is known, '' KUmurry-Ibrickane. — This is the name of a 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2097 

in which they were [engaged]. There was a communication and friendly cor- 
respondence carried on between this son of O'Neill and the son of the [late] Earl 
of Thomond (Teige, the son of Conor'' O'Brien), on both sides of the Shannon. 

Turlough, the son of Donnell, son of Conor O'Brien, hired soldiers and 
mercenaries in the very beginning of this year, to assist the Queen against her 
enemies. The young brother of the Earl of Thomond, also Donnell, the son 
of Conor, son of Donough, had the leading command of the Earl of Thomond's 
people in assisting the Queen. 

After the taking of the English ship, of which we have above treated, by 
Teige Caech, the son of Turlough Mac Mahon, an appearance of enmity and 
an indication of contention arose between him and this son of the Earl, i. e. 
Donnell. Teige repaired to the Earl of Desmond and made his friendship 
with him, like every other party who had ratified their treaty with him. After 
Teige had returned across the Shannon, he made a nocturnal assault upon 
young Donnell at Kilmurry-Ibrickane'', on the seventeenth day of the month of 
February. He wounded and made a prisoner of Donnell, and slew many of 
his faithful people ; and he conveyed him to Dunbeg to be confined, but he 
was only a week confined there, when he was set at liberty without securities 
or conditions. 

O'Donnell Hugh : i. e. Roe, the son of Hugh, son of Manus, had resided at 
Ballymote, in the county of Sligo, from the gaining of the battle of Ath-Buidhe, 
in the beginning of August, to the festival of St. Bridget in this year. He felt 
it long to have remained during this time without going into some enemy's 
territory, but he knew not to what particular place he should go ; for he had 
not left a quarter, limit, wilderness, or recess, in the whole province of Con- 
naught [the inhabitants of] which he had not plundered, or from which he had 
not taken pledges and hostages, save Thomond alone. Wherefore, at the time 
aforesaid, he ordered an army to be mustered in order to proceed into Thomond. 
First of all assembled the Kinel-Connel, among whom were Hugh Oge, the son 
of Hugh Duv, son of Hugh Roe, son of Niall Garv O'Donnell ; and Niall Garv', 
the son of Con, son of Calvagh, son of Manus, son of Hugh Duv ; O'Doherty 
(John Oge, the son of Felim, son of Conor Carragh) ; O'Boyle (Teige Oge, the 

church and parish in the barony of Ibrickan, in 'Niall Garv. — This is the Niall who afterwards 

the county of Clare. betrayed Hugh Roe O'Donnell to the English. 

12 L 



2098 aHNQca Rio^hachca emeaNw. [1599. 

panacc borhnall, mac roipiibealbaij, mic Tnaolmui]ie, TTlac y^uibne bdjaineac 
DonnchaD, mac maolmuipe mrijigij, mic maolmuipe, mic neill, laDy^ibe uile 
CO na focpaiccibh. Cdnaicc ifin roipcfj^cal ceona TTlaguibip Qo6 mac con- 
connachc mic conconnachr, mic conconnachc, mic bpiain, mic Pilip, mic 
Uomaip,-] TTlac uf yiuaijic .1. ca&cc mac bpiain, mic bpiain ballaij, mic eojain, 
1 an TTlac Uilliam do TioipDneaD la hUa noomnaill pfin piap an can pin 
.1. cepoicc mac uaceip ciocaij mic Sfain, mic oiliiepaip. 

lap ccocc DO na maicib pm uile co na pocpaicre Do paijiD Uf Domnaill 
50 baile an TTlhoraij. T?o bai DaiDble,-) Diomac an cpluaij 50 po Ificc pluag 
ippann TTlhfic uilliam Diob an ccfin no biaD pom 1 ccuabmurhain -| ba piaD 
nahaipij popcap cobnaij poppapiDe .1. TTlac Uilliam "| mall gapb mac cuinn 
uf Domnaill. r?o pipfb "] po paipimrijfb lap an luce pm on ccfnn coip Do 
joipDealbacaib 50 hurhall clomne 5iobuin. T?o gabab leo Don cup pin oilen 
IfchapDain, 1 po mapbab occ ppip Decc Do rhaichib cloinne jiobuin, jionmocd 
pocaibe ele do baoinib a maille ppiu. T?uccpac cpfcha, aipccce, -\ eDala 
lomba leo aj poab Doib on pann. 

Oala Uf Domnaill co na plojaiB po apccnaccap Do Dol 1 cruabmumain 1 
ni po Tiaipipeab leo 50 panjacap 5011 pdcuccab 50 mbdrap Don caeb ipcij 
Dabainn hi ccloinn T?iocaipD. T?o jabaD longpopc Ifran laocapmac leo im 
cpdc nona Do 16 ap an puaibbficijh enp cill colgan "] apD paicin. bdcap hi 
puibe 05 cinnfo a ccomaiple Dup cionnup no poibepoaip an ccpfc nainiuil gup 
a ccubcacap,"! 50 po caicpfc nf Dia loincib, 1 50 po cuilpioc a puan coippchim 
pia nDol hi ccfnn m6papcaip,-| moppaoraip Doib cen mo cdc an luce ppioraipe 
bdcrap leo. baDap pamlaiD 50 mfbon oiDce. T?o popconjpab poppa laparh 
la hUa nDomnaill eipje jan puipech Dapccndrh ipin ccoiccpich pia piu po bob 
polup Id Doib. Qcpaijpioc loparh po ceDoip. Coccap pfmpa lapam f ]\Cm> 
Dfopja gaca poiD jach nDfpech 50 panjacrap a moichDeDoil na maiDne ipin 

^ Umhall of Clann- Gibbon: i. e. Upper Umhall anglice, Roevehagh, a townland containing a 

or Murresk, in which the Mac Gibbons, now small village in the parish of Killeely, barony 

Gibbons, were seated. of Dunkellin, and county of Galway. — See this 

' Leath Ardan, now Lahardaun, a lough in the place referred to at the years 1116 and 1 1 43, in 

townland of Ballyballinaun, parish of Agha- the earlier portion of these Annals, as published 

gower, barony of Burrishoole, and county of by Dr. O'Conor. See also the map to Tribes and 

Mayo. — Ordnance Map, sheet 88. CiiMonis of Hy-Many. 

" Ruaidh-Bheitheach: i.e. the red birch, now '^ Between KUcolg an and Ardrahin. — The ham- 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2099 

son of Teige, son of Turlough, son of Niall) ; Mac Sweeny Fanad (Donnell, 
the son of Turlough, son of Mulmurry) ; and Mac Sweeny Banagh (Donough, 
the son of Mulmurry Meirgeach, son of Mulmurry, son of Niall) : all these 
with their forces. Into the same rendezvous came Maguire (Hugh, the son of 
Cuconnaught, son of Cuconnaught, son of Cuconnaught, son of Brian, son of 
Philip, son of Thomas) ; the son of O'Rourke (Thomas, the son of Brian, son 
of Brian Ballagh, son of Owen) ; and the Mac William, whom O'Donnell him- 
self had some time before nominated, namely, Theobald, son of Walter Kittagh, 
son of John, son of Oliver. 

When all these chieftains had come with their forces to Ballymote, to 
O'Donnell, they formed so numerous and vast an army that he sent a force 
into the territory of Mac William, while he himself should be in Thomond ; 
and the chieftains who were [appointed] leaders of this force were Mac Wil- 
liam and Niall Garv, the son of Con O'Donnell. This force searched and 
mightily overran [the country] from the eastern extremity of Costello to 
Umhall of Clann-Gibbon', and during that excursion took the island of Leath 
Ardan', and slew eighteen of the chief men of the Clann-Gibbon, besides many 
other persons. They carried off great preys, plunders, and spoils, on their 
return from the territory. 

As for O'Donnell and his forces, they marched forward to proceed into 
Thomond, and made no delay until they arrived, without being observed, in- 
side the river in Clanrickard ; and in the evening they pitched an extensive 
camp of armed heroes at Ruaidh-Bheitheach", between Kilcolgan and Ardrahin". 
Here' they remained to consult with each other as to how they should attack 
the strange territory towards which they had come ; and, having eaten some of 
their provisions", they [all] went to take a sleep, except the sentinels, before 
they should undertake their great journey and toil. Thus they remained until 
midnight, when O'Donnell commanded them to rise up without delay, to march 
into the neighbouring territory before the day should break upon them. They 
rose up forthwith, and proceeded straight onwards by each direct road, until, 

let of Eoevehagh is nearly due east of Kilcolgan, O'Donnell, by Cucogry O'Clery, which states, 

and not exactly between it and Ardrahin. "that after having pitched their camp and 

=< Eaten some of their provisions — All this is lighted fires, they sat down to take refreshments 

much better told in the Life of Hugh Roe and to drink to each other in ale and Spanish 

12 L 2 



2100 awHata Rio^hachca eiReaNH. [1599. 

ccfnn coip Do coiU 6 pplanncha&a, do cpioca ceD ceneoil pprpmmc i ccuaD- 
Tnumain. Ro pannpar a pcfiriielca an Dii pin. T?o Ificcicc Dpong Diob Don 
caob buD cuaiD ipcec i mboipinn im cabg ua puaipc, -j im TTlac puibne 
mbajainech,-] Dponj ele rfp ipceac jobaile ui occain na coilleab moipe,5o 
culaij uf DeaobaiD, 50 Dopup baile ui jpiobca. Oo beachaib majuiDip 50 
nDpuing moip do ploj amaille ppip [co h-inip Ui Cbuinn]. Oo raeD cpa 
Ua Dorhnaill 50 rrorachc l 50 cciuj a ploij amaille ppip Duplap coille 
6 pplanncha&a, Do bealac an pioDpail 50 cill injme baoic 1 nuacrap Dalccaip 
pia miDrnfoon laof. Soaic an luce Do choioh bu6fp, cap a naip bu6 cuaib, Do 
Dpuim pionnjlaipi, Do copab pinn,i 50 cill injme baoich j ccornDail 1 Dorhnaill. 
UuccaD Dia paicciD an Du pin cpeaca ceneoil ppfpmaic uile on Dfpfpc, 50 
glfnD coluim cille,"] 50 colaij cumann.i 6 cluam pailcfpnaig 50 Ifim an eich. 

Nf piacc la TTlac uf puaipc na la TTlac puibne cecc na cfnD la cpeacaib 
boipne in aohaij pin. Ni painicc bfop la TTldsui&ip cecc Don Ific aile, ap po 
jabpacap pi6e longpopc in ^ac aipm ippiicc aohaij poppa. 

lap mbfic hi ppopplonjpopc DUa Domnaill in aohai^ pin hi ccill mjine baoic 
po paccaib an baile ai[\ a bdpach pia mfoon laf,"] appeaD do DeacaiD 1 ccpiocaic 

wine, without fear or dread, in the territory ' Inchiquin. — The Four Masters have left the 

of their enemy." — O'Rdlly's copy, p. 61 . sense imperfect here, and four blank lines. It is 

' Coill-ObhFhlannchadha : i. e. the wood of stated in the Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, that 

the Ui-Flanoy, a woody district in the parish Maguire, with his part of the army, set out to 

of Kilkeedy, in the north-east of the barony of scour the lands near Kilnaboy, where he met 

Inchiquin, and county of Clare. Conor O'Brien, whom he wounded, and took 

' Baile- Ui-Ogain: i. e. O'Hogan's town, now prisoner, and carried to his (O'Brien's) own 

Ballyhogan, a townland in the parish of Dysart, castle of Inchiquin, which he took, and in 

barony of Inchiquin, and county of Clare. CoiU which he remained till the next day. 

mhor, i. e. the great wood, was the name of a * Becdach-an-FModfail. — The position of this 

woody district comprising the lands of Bally- road is still pointed out by the old natives of the 

hogan and several of the adjoining townlands. parish of Kilkeedy, as extending from Rockforest 

* TuUy-O'Dea, a townland in the same parish, to Kilnaboy. FhiodhfaU was the name of a wood 

about three miles to the north of the church of now called CoiU an pioDpail, comprised in the 

Dysart. townland of Rockforest (which is but an attempt 

^ Baile- Ui-Ghriohhtha: i.e. thetownofO'Griffy, at translating it from yioxj, a forest, and pailor 

now Ballygriffy, a townland containing the ruins ail, a stone or rock), in the parish of Kilkeedy, 

of a castle in the same parisli. In a Description about five miles eastward from Corofin. 

f^the County of Clare, written about the year ^ Cill-Inghine Bhaoith, now Kilnaboy, near 

1584, this castle is called BaUygrifSe, and men- Corofin. — See it mentioned before under 1573. 

tioned as belonging to O'Griffie. ' Dmim-Finnghlaisi This name is now ob- 



1599.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2101 

by morning twilight, they arrived in the eastern extremity of Coill-O'bhFlann- 
chadha', in the cantred of Kinel-Fearmaic, in Thomond. Here they formed 
marauding parties, and sent one of them northwards into Burren, under the 
command of Teige O'Rourke and Mac Sweeny Banagh ; and another party 
southwards into Baile-Ui-Ogain* of Coill-mhor, to Tully-O'Dea', and to the gate 
of Baile-Ui-Gh^iobhtha^ Maguire, with a strong body of his forces, went 
forth [towards Inchiquin']. O'Donnell [himself] proceeded, with the flower 
and main body of the army, through the middle of Coill-O'bhFlannchadha, 
Bealach-an-Fhiodhfail", and, before mid-day, arrived at Cill-Inghine-Bhaoith', 
in the upper part of Dal-gCais. Those who had gone to the south returned to 
the north by Druira-Finnghlaisi' and Corofin, and joined O'Donnell at Cill- 
Inghine-Bhaoith. Thither the spoils of all Kinel-Fearmaic, from Diseart* to 
Glencolumbkille", and to Tulach-Chumann', and from Cluain-Sailchearnaigh" 
to Leim-an-eich', were brought to O'Donnell. 

The son of O'Rourke and Mac Sweeny were not able to return to him on 
that night with the spoils of Burren ; nor was Maguire able to return from the 
other direction, for they had pitched their camps wherever the night overtook 
them. 

O'Donnell remained that night encamped at Cill-Inghine-Bhaoith, and left 
it before noon on the following day ; and he then proceeded to Kilfenora, in 

solete, but the situation of the place is certain, ' Tulach Chumann, now Tally cummon, a town- 

as it is shewn on the engraved map from the land in the parish of Kilnaboy, adjoining Cas- 

Down Survey, under the anglicised form of tletown in the barony of Burren. 

Drumfinglass, as lying due south of Corofin, ^ Cluain-sailcheamaigh, now Cloonselherny, a 

and between it and Dysart. townland containing the ruins of a castle, in the 

8 Disert, now Dysart. east of the parish of Kilkeedy, barony of Inchi- 

* GUncolumhlciUe, ^Ifno coluim cille : i. e. St. quin, and county of Clare, and close to the boun- 

Columbkille's Glen. This is a wild and beau- dary of the county of Galway. 

tiful valley in the east of the parish of Carron, ' Leim-an-eich, i. e. Saltus Equi, now Lemaneh, 

barony of Burren, and county of Clare, and close a townland containing the ruins of a large castle 

to the verge of the county of Galway. There in the parish of Kilnaboy, in the barony of In- 

is in this valley a small church dedicated to St. chiquin, close to the boundary of that of Bur- 

Columbkille, and near it is the residence of ren. This castle was erected by the ancestors 

Terence O'Brien, Esq., now the senior repre- of Sir Lucius O'Brien of Dromoland. From 

sentative of Donnell Spaineach, the son of Col. the situation of the places here mentioned, it is 

Murtough O'Brien, who capitulated with Gene- quite evident that Kinel-Fearmaic comprised 

ral Waller. the entire of the present barony of Inchiqnin. 



2102 aHNQca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1599. 

ceD copcumpuab 50 cill pionnabpnc. Ro pjaoilic fcceiriiealra eipre p6e bub 
nfpp 50 hnbnij, gup an mbpfinc^p ppfpinacaij, 1 ccopcamaij [ccopmacmj] 
50 Dopup mnpi t)fomain, 50 cill eppuicc lonain, 50 baile paiDfn, -] cap a naip 
poip 50 cill pionnabpac co tia ccpfchaib, "] co na neoalaib 1 ccoinne Uf Dorh- 
naill. Qnaip hipuiDe 50 bopbapac co puccpac a ploi^ paip ap jach aipD 1 
mbaccap. Canaicc bin TTlac uf puaipc,-] TTlac puibne bajameac 50 ccpfchaib 
boipne Dm paijib. 'Cdnaicc ona TDdjuiDip 50 ccpfcaib "| 50 naipccnib lom&a 
Dia lonnpaijib Don Ific aile. Qn can ac connaipc Ua Dorhnaill na cnuic aja 
IfonaD, 1 aja nDubab ma uipcinncell Do caincib Do cpomalrhaib gaca cfpe 
cpepa cnibcacap a ploij. Ro cpiall poaDh cap a aip do bpomclab na 
boipne bfnnjaipbe a moich nell na maiDne Dap boipinn 50 pop gab poime Don 
nuacongbail Don cnplach, 50 maimpcip copcumpuab, Do capcaip na cclei- 
peacli 1 DO pome aipipfrh na hoibce pin ipin puba 1 niapcap ua ppiacpac 
aibne. Oo raeD ap a bapach cpe uaccap cloinne piocaipD, la Dopup baile 
acha an pioj. Ni hairpipcfp a imcecca laparii o ca pin 50 baile an TTlhocaijh, 
Ctcc po bai ITlac uilliam 1 Niall japb ua Dorhnaill pop a cionn illficimel 
Ua mame 50 naipccnib, 1 50 nfoalaib lomba leo a pann TTlhfic uilliam. 

Ro lonncpamlaij an cpaof pfnchaib "] pip bona ITlac bpuaiDfba TTIaoilfn 
Of; jup bo 1 noiojail Diopccaoilce gpiandin 01I15 la TTluipcrpcac mop mac 

■" Eidhneach, now Inagh, the name of a river county of Clare, 

and of a Roman Catholic parish near Milltown ■' Cill- Easbuig- Lonain. — This is a mistake of 

Malbay, in the west of the county of Clare. the transcriber for ciU eappoij plannam: i. e. 

° Brentir of the Fearmacaigh and Cormacaigh: the church of Bishop Flannan, now Killaspug- 

i. e. the fetid district of the Kinel-Fearmaic and lonane, a townland containing an extensive bu- 

Ui-Cormaic, so called from its situation on the rial ground, in the barony of Corcomroe, and 

frontiers of the territories of these tribes. Bren- county of Clare. 

ter, or, as it is now locally called, 6p6incpe, is '' Baile- Phaidin, now Ballyphaudeen, a town- 

a district comprising seven townlands, lying land in the parish of Kilmacreehy, in the barony 

north-east of Sliabh Callain, or Mount Callan, of Corcomroe. 

in the west of the county of Clare. A family of ■■ NuachongbhaU, now anglice Noughaval, an 
the O'Connells were transplanted hither, from old church, giving name to a townland and pa- 
Kerry, in Cromwell's time; but the whole dis- rish in the barony of Burren and county of 
trict is now the property of the Marquis of Clare, and adjoining the parishes of Kilnaboy 
Thomond, under whom Charles O'Connell, Esq., and Kilfenora. 
of Ennis, rents two townlands of this district. ' Turlach, i. e. dried lough. There are many 

" Inis-Dimain: i.e. Diman's holm or island, places of this name in the northern part of the 

now Ennistimon, a small town in the west of the county of Clare ; but the Turlach here referred 



1-599.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



21U3 



the cantred of Corcomroe. From thence he dispatched marauding parties 
southwards to Eidneach"", to Brentir of the Fearmacaigh", to Cormacaigh, to the 
gate of Inis-Dimain'',toCill-Easbuig-Lonain'',and to Baile-Phaidin^jwho returned 
to him to Kilfenora, in an easterly direction, loaded with spoils and booty. 
O'Donnell remained here until the following day, when his troops came up 
with him from every quarter in which they had been dispersed. The son of 
O'Eourke and Mac Sweeny Banagh came up with the spoils of Burren ; and 
Maguire came up from another direction with much booty. When O'Donnell 
saw the surrounding hills covered and darkened with the herds and numerous 
cattle of the territories through which his troops had passed, he proceeded on 
his way homewards, over the chain of rugged-topped mountains of Burren ; 
and, passing by Nuachongbhail"', Turlach', the monastery of Corcomroe, and 
Carcair-na-gCleireach', arrived at Rubha", in the west of Hy-Fiachrach-Aidhne, 
where he stopped for the night. On the morrow he passed through the upper 
part of Clanrickard, and by the gate of Athenry. His adventures from this 
forward are not related, until he arrived at Ballymote, except that he was met 
by Mac William and Niall Garv O'Donnell at the frontiers of Hy-Many, with 
many preys, and spoils, and booty, which they had carried off from Mac Wil- 
liam's country. 

The learned historian and poet, Mac Brody (Maoilin Oge), represented that 
it was in revenge of the demolition of Grianan Oiligh", formerly, by Murtough 



to is Turlacli-na-gcoilean, an old castle to the 
right of the road as you go from Corofin to the 
New Quay, in the barony of Burren, and county 
of Clara. It is very near the old church of Ter- 
mon Cronan. 

' Carcair-na-gCleireach, i.e. the Narrow Pass 
of the Clerics or Priests. This name is still 
well-known (as the Editor has good reason to 
remember), and is applied to a steep pass over 
a rocky hill in Burren, in the townland of Eos- 
salia, parish of Abbey-Corcomroe, barony of 
Burren, and county of Clare. It is called in 
English " the Corker road." 

" Rubha, now Roo, or Rue, a townland near 
the little town of Kinvarra, in the barony of 
Kiltartan, and county of Galway, and on the 



boundary of the barony of Burren, in the 
county of Clare. A castle called Coradh-an- 
Rubha, anglice Corranrue, which belonged to 
O'Heyne, stood at this place till the year 1755, 
when it fell at the very moment that the earth- 
quake happened at Lisbon. 

" Grianan- Oiligh, now Greenan- Ely. The ruins 
of this fortress of the Kings of tlie northern Hy- 
jMiall race, are still to be seen on Green- Hill, in 
the barony of Inishowen, and county of Done- 
gal, about six miles to the north-west of 
Derry. — See the Ordnance Memoir of the pa- 
rish of Templemore. This fortress was demo- 
lished, and many of its stones carried off as a 
trophy, by Murtough More O'Brien, in the year 
1101. 



2104 aNHQ^a Rioghachca eiReawH. [1599. 

coiiipoealbai^ [mic caibj] mic bpiain bopoirfie pecc pmrii Rocfoaij Dia (cpia 
epccaine colaim cille pop pfol mbpiain) leipcpeachab "] IdinmDpeab cua6- 
murhan la hua nDomnmll Don cup pin, ■] cainicc an ITlaoflin 6cc ceona i ccfnn 
Ui Domnaill do chuinjiDli aipicc a cpuib capacacap Dpong Do na plojaib hi- 
pm. 1 DO paDab Do in oije conab ann Do poine TTlaoilin an pann 

Do bai 1 nDan i nDiojail oilij, 

a Qob puaib do pfc an paib 

cocc bap pluaij 50 hiac rhaj nabaip, 

a cuaib lapcap cabaip caig. 

18 an ccfiD peacrmam Do TTIapca cdnaicc jobepnoip coiccib connacc 
.1. Sip conepp clipopc 50 saillirh 50 ploj mop Do DajDaoinib uaiple "| 50 paij- 
Diuipibh lomba amaille ppiu. lap mbfic Do 1 ngap Do pecrmain 1 njaiUimh 
po cuip a peacr, no a hocc Do banDabaib ^allDa 1 gaoibelca 50 conncae an 
claip Dia piop cm Dob uriial, no Dob fppurhal Don bainpiojain innce Do opDai^ 
cepoicr Diolmain ~\ capcin Ifpcaip,") Sippiam connrae an claip pfin .1. RipDfpD 
pgoplocc hi ccfnnup poppa 50 pocrain Doib co haipm 1 mbaof coippbealbac 

* The curse of Columbkille. — The reader will According to all the ancient Irish accounts of 

bear in mind that the Earl of Thomond was the Fir Bolgs, this place received its name from 

at this time a Protestant, and exercising the Adhar, son of Umor (the brother of Aengus, 

" bitterness of marshall law" against the Irish who built the stone fort of Dun-Aengusa, on 

poets. In the Life of Hugh Eoe O'Donnell, by the Great Island of Aran), who was chief of this 

Cucogry O'Clery, the words in which St. Co- plain in the first century, long before the race 

lumbkille is said to have delivered this pro- of Heber and Oilioll Olum had obtained domi- 

phesy are quoted, but they are decidedly mo- nion in Thomond. For some account of the 

dern, and fabricated for the occasion. — See the inauguration of chiefs of the O'Briens, at this 

year 1572, p. 1657, supra. place, see the Caithreim Thoirdhealbhayh, at the 

^ Land of Magh-Adhair : i.e. Thomond, so years 1242, 1267, 1277, and 1311. See also Cz>- 
called poetically from Magh Adhair, the place cwii o/ifmVcAeartacA ilfaciVeiW, p. 47, printed for 
where the O'Briens were inaugurated. This the Irish Archaological Society, where the si- 
place, now called in English Moyry Park, is si- tuation of this mound was pointed out for the 
tuated in the townland of Toonagh, parish of first time since the invention of printing. 
Clooney, barony of Upper Bunratty, and county ' From the North. — This line is very artfully 
of Clare, and about three miles and a half west contrived by Mac Brody, who intended that 
from TuUa. The mound on which the O'Briens O'Donnell and Teige, the brother of the Earl 
were inaugurated is still to be seen at this place, of Thomond, should understand by it, that the 
It is of an irregular form, and measures 102 feet Irish of the south expected that their deliverer 
in length, and 82 feet in breadth. would come from the north ; and, on the other 



1399] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2105 

More, son of Turlough [son of Teige], son of Brian Boroimhe, that God, in 
consequence of the curse of Columbkille" upon the O'Briens, had permitted 
_Thomond to be totally plundered and devastated on this occasion by O'Donnell. 
This Maoilin Oge came to O'Donnell, to request of him the restoration of his 
cattle, which a party of the troops had carried off ; and they were all given back 
to liim ; upon which Maoilin composed the following quatrain : 

It was destined that, in revenge of Oileach, 

O Hugh Roe ! the Prophet announced. 

Thy troops should come to the land of Magh- Adhair'' ; 

From the North* the aid of all is sought. 

In the first week of March the Governor of the province of Connaught, Sir 
Conyers Clifford, went to Galway with a great army of distinguished gentlemen 
and soldiers. After having been nearly a week in Galway, he sent seven or 
eight companies of English and Irish soldiers to the county of Clare, to know 
who were loyal or disobedient to the Queen there. He appointed Theobald 
Dillon, Captain Lester, and Richard Scurlock% the sheriff of the county of Clare, 
as commanders over them, until they should arrive at the place where Turlough 

hand, if, in case he should be persecuted for it lieved that it had been prophesied that he liim- 

by his own lord and master, the Earl of Tho- self was predestined to be the instrument in 

mond, he could shew that it should be punc- subduing the northern rebels. — See Pacata Hi- 

tuated thus : hernia, book 2, c. xxi. That St. Columbkille had 

" Do Ba! I nt)6n i n&Io^ail Otlj, predicted that the northern Hy-NiaU would one 

a ao6 puaib, DO pfc an pam, "^^y plunder Thomond in revenge for the demo- 

Cocc Bap pluaij 50 hiar ihai^e n-Qoaip 1^*^°° "^ ^^'^ northern palace of Oileach, was not 

a cuaiD. laprap caBaip cdij." *°o ^^"^^ f°r this Earl's belief, and that it was 

fulfilled on this occasion, when his territory 

•' It was in destiny in revenge of Oileach, ^^^ overrun with fire and sword by Hugh Koe 

0, Hugh Roe, the prophet announced O'Donnell, was a harmless inference by Mac 

The coming of your host to the land of Magh ^^oAy, who may have appeared to regret it 

■*-'^*'^ before the Earl; but the last line, if read, " Q 

From the North. Let the help of all be j.^a\i) lapcap caBaip cai^, from the North the 

sought." ^j^ ^j. ygiigf of all is sought," would cause the 

By understanding the quatrain in this way. Earl to exercise the " bitterness of Marshall 

the last three words would mean nothing more law" against him, as recommended by the di- 

than, " The Lord help us all ;" and it would vine poet Spenser. 

convey no direct insult to the Earl of Thomond * Scurlock. — This name is now more usually 

(Donough O'Brien, fourth Earl), who firmly be- written Sherlock. 

12 M 



2106 awNaca Rioshacnca eiReaNN. [1599. 

6 bpiain Dia ccuccaD mayi an cceona ujDajipap uai]^cib. baoaip an ceo 
aohaij hi ccill caefoi i noiprfp o pprpmaic layi poccain Doib Don t^\\. 

Oc cualacap i mbaof do Daofnib Diolmuine pop Ttiuincfpup Uaibcc iriic 
concobaip uf bpiam poccain Doibpi&e Don cip bdoap ina noipchill, "] ace Dol 
cpe bealac an piobpdil o cill caoioi piap Do muinnnp na bainpiojna a]\ na 
bapac po lonnpaijpioc mumnp caiDj lao 50 po mapbab Daofne lomba fcoppa 
Da jac lech, ^ep bo mo po mapbab Do rhuincip na bainpiogna, ni hinnipcfp 
ecc oipDeapc Diob Do cuicim. Ro mapbab Do Ific na ngaoibel Duine uapal do 
piol mbpiain .1. Diapmaicc puab, mac mupchaib, mic concobaip. Uap a 
nDCpnab ann Do IficceaD an cplije Do muincip na bainpiojna 50 po jabpac 
oipipfrh "I comnaijje hi ccill injine baofc 1 nDeipeab laof. ' 

Qppeab po chinn cabg mac concobaip ui bpiain lap pin pfiDiuccab pip an 
mbainpiojam, -| DiulcaD Dia arhpaib, 1 50 ponnpa&ac do luce cabaipce an 
cachaip pempaice. l?o cuip a cecca Do paijib cepoicc Diolmuin 50 cill 
injme baoic, -j gup an njobepnoip Don jaillim. 

T?o pdccaib cepoicc Diolmuin "] muinncip na bainpiojna cill injme baoir 
ap a bapach, "] Do coiopioc 50 Viaipm 1 mbaof coippDelbac mac Dorhnaill 
111 bpiam baf ina clfic popccaib, 1 ma culaij coiplfnja ag gach aen le bub 
(ill DO muinncip na bampfojna. O pangaccap pom -] coippbealbac hi ccfnn 
a cele po jabpac lompuibe im cacaip mionain 1 mbapuncachc ChopcmoD- 
puaD baile eipibe baf ina uairh laccponn, "j ina rhuine mfiple gup a cciccfb 
plab, -] pdpuccab an cfpe ina cimcell a lop coippoelbaij, mic mupchaib, mic 
concobaip ui bpiain Duine uapal eipibe baf hi pann gaoiDel an can pin. Rob 
eiccfn an baile pin Do cabaipc ap Idirh muinncipe na bampiojna. 

l?o paccaib Uoippbealbac -j cepoicc co na muinncip cacaip mionain, "| 
Do coi&piocc hi ccopcbaipcino lapcapaij Do benarh pfoba le cabg caoc mac 
marjaitina "| 6 na po peopac a pfobuccab puccpac cpfcha "| eoala lomba ap 
an cip. Locap poip ap a hairle do copcobaipcino aiprfpaij, -] laparh 50 

^ Cill-Gaeidi : the church of St. Caeidi, now the Earl ofThomond's brother. 

Kilkeedy, an old church giving name to a parish "* Bealach-an-Fhiodhfail, now the Rockforest 

in the east ofthe barony of Inchiquin, and county road, extending from Kilkeedy to Kilnaboy, in 

of Clare. The Ui-Fearmaic, otherwise Cinel- the barony of Inchiquin. 

Fearmaic, were the O'Deas and their correlatives, ' Cailiair-MioiMm, now anglice Caherminane, 

whose territory comprised all this barony. a castle in the parish of Killelagh, barony of 

° Teige^ the son of Conor O^Brien He was Corcomroe, — See note ", under the year 1591, 



15990 ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2107 

O'Brien was, to whom authority over them was likewise given. On their arrival 
in the territory, they remained the first night at Cill-Caeidi'', in the east of 
Hy-Fearmaic. 

When the faithful friends of Teige, the son of Conor O'Brien", had heard 
of their arrival in this country, they lay in ambush, and, as the Queen's people 
were on the following day marching westwards from Cill-Caeidi, through Bea- 
lach-an-Fhiodhfail'*, Teige's people attacked them, and many persons were slain 
between them on both sides ; but although there were more of the Queen's 
people slain, the death of no distinguished man of them is recorded. [But] 
on the side of the Irish was slain a gentleman of the O'Briens, namely, Dermot 
Roe, the son of Murrough, son of Conor. Besides what was done there, the 
pass was ceded to the Queen's people, who at the close of the day halted and 
rested at Cill-Inghine-Bhaoith [Kilnaboy]. 

The resolution which Teige, the son of Conor O'Brien, adopted after this 
was, to make peace with the Queen, and to dismiss his hirelings, and especially 
those who had made the aforesaid attack. He sent his messengers to Theobald 
Dillon, to Cill-lnghine-Bhaoith, and to the Governor, to Galway. 

On the following day Theobald Dillon and the Queen's party left Cill- 
Inghine-Bhaoith, and proceeded to the residence of Turlough, the son of Don- 
nell O'Brien, who was a sheltering fence and alighting hill to any of the Queen's 
people that wished to go to him. When they and Turlough met together, they 
laid siege to Cathair-Mionain', in the barony of Corcomroe, a castle which was 
then a den of robbers and a cover for plunderers, into which the plunder and 
spoil of the surrounding country were wont to be carried to Turlough, the son 
of Murrough, son of Conor O'Brien, a gentleman who was in alliance with the 
Irish at that time. The castle was obliged to be surrendered to the Queen's 
people. 

Turlough and Theobald, with their people, then left Cathair-Mionain, and 
proceeded to West Corca-Bhaiscinn^ to make their peace with Teige Caech 
Mac Mahon ; but, as they could not come on terms of peace with him, they 
carried off many preys and spoils from the territory. Then, after this, they 
passed eastwards into East Corca-Bhaiscinn^, and afterwards to Ennis, where 

p. 1 907, snpra. Moyarta, in the south-west of the county of Clare. 

f West Corca-BhaUcinn : i. e. the barony of R East Corca-Bhaiscinn : i. e. the barony of 

12 M 2 



2108 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1599. 

hinip, 50 TKibaof Seippion cuicc la Decc aca 1 ninip, "] haome uaiple an rf]ie •] 
na Conncae uile acca ppjifccpa. Q ccionn na jiee pin Do Deachaib cepoirc 
Diolmuin 1 capnn lepraip ap an cfp lap ppaccbdil cfirpe nibanna paijDiinpibe, 
Shippiam, ■] Shuibpippiam (amaiUe le haorhail ap ciop na bainpiojna Do Did) 
innce. 

Udnaicc Dna lapla cuaDmurhan hi ccionn cpecrmaine lap pin Don ri'p ap 
tnbfir DO a nsap Do paire i mbuicilepacaib. O Do piacc 50 cimDnuiThain, 
appeaD po rpiall jan coDlaD Da oiDce i nen baile 50 nDfchaiD Do Diojail fppo- 
nopa 1 lonnpaijre a bfpbpacap ap cabj caoc, mac marsarhna. ]?o ciorioil 
uprfiop an cipe ina bocom Do 60I hi ccopcbaipcinD laprapaij, -] po puiD pe 
haghaiD caippje an coblaij an luan pia ccaipcc hi mi appil Do ponnpaD. 
CuccaD cpoD "] cfcpa an cipe uile o cnoc Doipe, 50 Ifim conculainn Dia paijib 
jup an ppoplonjpopc pin. puaip an ciapla an baile po cfno cfirpe la ap a 
haicle,-] ap ofipeaD paoipe na capcc po rappainj an ciapla opoanap o luim- 
neac Do Dol pe hacchaiD an Dum bicc, -| lap puiDiuccaD an opDanctip pop 
loncaib an baile ni po anpac an bapDu ppi haon upcop Do caicfrh ppiu an can 
po poccpaD uaca an baile Don lapla, "| nf puaippioc Do maicfrh nanacail ace 
an peal baDap agd mbpeic 50 gapmain na cpoice m po cpochaD ina ccup- 
labaib lacc aghaiD 1 najhaiD. puaip an ciapla Dun mop rheic an pfpmacai^ 
on moD cceDna. lap njabail na mbailceaD mbaipcneac pin Don lapla po 
leicc an copDandp mop uaDa 50 luimneac, -| Do cuaiD pfin cap pliab poip 50 
hupldp cuaDmurhan. Uucc pe oa Duccapacaib pfm gach baile Dap gabab 

Clonderalaw, in 4he south of the county of built by Mac Mahon, chief of West Corca-Vaskin, 

Clare, adjoining West Corca-Bhaiscinn. or the barony of Moyarta. It is in good repair, 

'' For the dishorwiir, literally, " for revenging and occasionally dwelt in by Mr. Burton, to 

of the dishonour and attack of his brother on whose family it has belonged since the coniisca- 

Teige Caech Mac Mahon." tion of the property of Lord Viscount Clare in 

' Carraig-an-Chobhlaigh, i. e. the Rock of the 1690. 

Fleet, now called corruptly, in Irish, cappaij a '' Cnoc-Doire, now Knockerra, a hill situated 

coBalcaij, and anglicised Carrigaholt, a village close to the boundary of the baronies of Moy- 

in the parish and barony of Moyarta, in the arta and Clonderalaw, and about four miles to 

south-west of the county of Clare, about a mile the east of the town of Kilrush, in the county 

and a half to the north of Kilcredane point. of Clare. 

Near the village, on a rocky cliff overlooking ^ Leim-Chonchulaimi: i. e. Cuchullainn's Leap, 

the bay, to which it gives name, stands the now corruptly Loophead [for Leap-head], a 

castle of Carraig an Chobhlaigh, which was headland in the north-western extremity of the 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2109 

they held a session for fifteen days ; and the gentlemen of the county in general 
attended them. At the end of this period Theobald Dillon and Captain Lester 
departed from the territory [of Thomond], leaving in it four companies of sol- 
diers, a sheriff, and a sub-sheriff, and after having received a promise that the 
Queen's rent should be paid in it. 

About a week after this, the Earl of Thomond came into the country, after 
having been nearly a quarter of a year in the country of the Butlers. Upon 
■ arriving in Thomond, he proceeded, without sleeping two nights in any one 
town, until he went to take vengeance on Teige Caech Mac Mahon for the dis- 
honour" which he had shewn to his brother, and the attack which he had made 
against him. The greater part [of the forces] of the country collected to him, 
and, marching into West Corca-Bhaiscinn, encamped before Carraig-an-Chobh- 
laigh' on the Monday before Easter, in the month of April. The property and 
cattle of the entire country, extending from Cnoc-Doire" to Leim-Chonchulainn', 
were carried to him to that camp. In four days afterwards the Earl obtained 
j)ossession of the town ; and when the Easter holidays were over, he carried 
ordnance from Limerick for the purpose of assaulting Dunbeg""; and when the 
ordnance was planted against the castle, the warders did not await the dis- 
charge of one shot, when they surrendered the castle to the Earl; and tlie 
protection they obtained lasted only while they were led to the gallows-tree, 
from which they were hanged in couples, face to face. In the same manner 
the Earl obtained possession of Dun-mor-mhic-an-Fhearmacaigh". After having 
taken these castles of Corca-Bhaiscinn, the Earl sent the great ordnance [back] 
to Limerick, and proceeded himself eastwards across the mountain to the plain 
of Thomond. He restored to the lawful inheritors every castle that had been 

county of Clare. This head is now always called cised Sline-head. and Slime-head, for Leam- 

Ceann l^ime, i. e. " Head of the Leap" in Irish. head. 

Mr. Brannan, in his Irish poem describing the " Dunbeg. — See its situation already pointed 

Shannon, says that Loop-head is a corrupt out under the year 1598. 

translation of Ceann leime. or Leap-head, and " Dun-mor-ynhic-an-Fhearmacaigh : i. e. tlie 

asks, if the Irish language were lost what phi- great dun, or fort of the son of Fearmacach, 

lologer could ever discover that Loop-head was now Dunmore, a ruined castle within less than 

a translation of Ceann leime. A still greater a mile of Dunbeg, in the parish of Killard. 

corruption of the same name has taken place in See it already referred to nnder the year 

Coi^namara, where Ceann leime has been angli- 1598. 



2110 aNNa?.a Rioghachca eiReawH. [1599. 

maille le hf)^onoi|i Don bainpi'ojain. Ro ba6 Dibpem Doipe eojain, Da baile 
caiplein cluaine. "| liop Qoba pinn. 

lapla op eppe;): (.1. RobfpD) Do recr 1 nGpinn po belraine na bliaDna po 
arhail Do cinjeallaD 50 nioinac nionnmaip, -\ napmdla, -| muinippion, puDain, 
luaiDe, biDh, -] Dighe, -) acbfipDip luce a ppaipccpiona na cangacap a hionn- 
pariiail pin Dapnidil 50 hepinn pmrti gup an can pin 6 Do puacc lapla prpang- 
boe 1 Robfpc mac priamna le Diapmaic mac mupcha&a la pig laijfn pecc 
piarh. lap ccocc Diapla op eppe;r 50 baile arha cliar po heppuaccpaD nfire 
lomDa laip, "] po ba DibpiDe cecup gac aon do jaoibelaib la baD aicpec Dol 
in acchaib na bainpiojna 50 ppuicceaD maicrmnap -) papDun in jac coip Da 
nofpna 56 pm. 6a Dona poccapcaib ceona 506 aen Dfipennchoib a DepaD, 
50 po bfnab a baile, no a burhaij be la Sa;ranacbaib a lop anbpoplamn, no 
poipeiccne 50 ppuicceab aipfcc ina inDlijfDh pojap "] eiprecc Don chup pin. 
Qp a af nip bo mop do clannaib jaoibel Do coib pan cojaipm pin. Ro 
cuipeab lap an mpla pin gapapum paijDiuipibe maille le jac ni pangarap 
alC]' 50 cappaicc pfpjupa, 50 hiubap cinn cpdja 50 cpdij baile Duine Deal- 
5an, 50 Dpoicfc dcha, 50 cill mannrdin 50 ndp laigCn, -| 50 apaile bailee jen 
mo cdc. T?o cfcclamab Dan laippibe peace mile paijDiuip Don apmdil ap 
pfpp puaip,-] Do cuaib a hdch cliar piap jac nofpeac, uaip po haipnfibfb Do 
na bai 1 nepinn Do luce pojla na bainpiojna Dpfm po bab upa Do Dionn- 
paiccbib indD jfpalcaij peib po baDap Don cup pin. Ni po lianab lap an 
lapla CO na plojaib 50 pangaeap 1 ccfipcmfbon coiccib laijfn, -) nfp bo 
paijib capac 1 ccfin do jaoibil laijfn Dionnpaijib Don cup pin. Ropeap 
laDpibe Dan Domnall ppainneac mac Donnchaib, mic caeaoip cappaij cao- 
rhdnaij, "] Uaicne, mac Rubpaije oicc, mic Rubpaije uf mopba, Siol cconco- 

* Botre-Eoghain, now Derryowen, a castle in ruins of a castle situated to the south-west of 

the parish of Kilkeedy, barony of Inchiquin, the village of Tulla, in the parish of Tulla, 

and county of Clare. barony of Upper Tulla, and county of Clare. 

P Cluain, now Cloone. — See it already referred This place took its name from Aodh Finn, the 

to under the year 1598, supra. In 1584 the cas- ancestor of Mac Namara Finn. 

tie of Cloone, or Cloyne, in the country of West ^ About May He landed on the 15th of 

Mac Namara, belonged to Donogh O'Grady April this year, and was sworn in Dublin on 

MSS. T. C. D., E. 2. 14. the same day. He was invested with larger 

' Lk-Aedha-finn, i. e. the Fort of Hugh the powers and furnished with more splendid allow- 
Fair, now Lissofinn, a townland containing the ances than had ever before been conferred on 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2111 

taken, to the dishonour of the Queen. Of these were Doire-Eoghain", the two 
castle-towns of Cluain'' and Lis-Aedha-finn''. 

The Earl of Essex (Robert) came to Ireland, as had been promised, about 
May' this year, with much wealth, arms, munition, powder, lead, food, and 
drink ; and the beholders said that so great an army had never till that time 
come to Ireland since the Earl Strongbow' and Robert Fitz-Stephen came in 
former times with Dermot Mac Murrough, King of Leinster. When the Earl 
had arrived in Dublin, he published many proclamations, among which the 
first was [to the effect], that every one of the Irish, who was sorry' for having 
opposed the Queen, should receive forgiveness and pardon in every crime they 
had till then committed. Among the same proclamations was this, that every 
one of the Irish who would assert [and prove] that they had been deprived by 
the Englishmen of their mansions or patrimonies, by force or violence, should 
be heard and attended to, and obtain a restoration of such property as he was 
unlawfully deprived of. Not many of the Irish, however, responded to these 
proclamations. 

Garrisons of soldiers, with all necessaries, were sent by this Earl to Carrick- 
fergus, to Newry, to Dundalk, to Drogheda, to Kilmantan [Wicklow], to Naas 
of Leinster, and to other towns besides. He then selected seven thousand 
soldiers of the best of his army, and marched [them] from directly [south] 
westwards ; for he had been informed that there were not of the plunderers of 
the Queen in Ireland a tribe that could be more easily invaded than the 
Geraldines, as they were then [circumstanced]. The Earl and his troops 
never halted until they arrived in the middle of the province of Leinster ; and 
[surely] his approach to the Irish of Leinster was not the visit to friends from 
afar! These were Donnell Spaineach, the son of Donough, son of Cahir 
Carragh Kavanagh ; Owny, the son of Rury Oge, son of Rury O'More ; the 

any Lord Deputy, and provided with an army O'Sullevan Beare's Hist. Cathol. Iber. Compeud., 

the largest that Ireland had ever seen landed on torn. 3, lib. 5, c. ix. ; and Cox's Iftberma Angli- 

her shores, consisting of 20,000 foot and 2,000 cana, vol. i. p. 416. 

horse. His instructions were to prosecute the ' Since the Earl Strongbow — The Four Masters 

Ulster rebels, and to plant garrisons at Lough should have added that the Earl Strongbow did 

Foyle and Ballyshannon ; all which he neglected, not bring so great an army into Ireland as Essex 

but wasted his time in doing little service. — See had on this occasion. 

Camden's Annal Beg. Elis., A. D. 1599 ; P. ■ Sorr'j The language is here defective. It 



2112 



aNNa^^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1599. 



baip pailjij, jabal pajnaill, -| pocame Do Daoinib uaiple ele nac ai|iirhcfp. 
Uuccacap Din an luce ym amaip aijriieile, eaypcaiiiDfrhla, -| Debra Doilje 
Doippfpcail Do in fnai^ib aimpfiDib, -| i mbeilgib belcurhsaib i ccocpaiccfp pe 
a poile po po Dioraigfo mopan Do rtiuinncip an lapla leo. Qp a aoi cap 
j:;ac neccualang Da ppuaip pdinicc paDfofb i mbuiolepacaibh. Uicc lapla 
upmurhan maille le honoip, "] le haipTniccin ina cbfnn. Udnaicc Din ciccfpna 



should be: "that such of the Irish as were sorry 
for having joined in the rebellion should, on re- 
turning to their allegiance, receive pardon and 
forgiveness." 

" Gaval-Ranall: i. e. the O'Byrnes of Eane- 
lagh, in the present county of Wicklow, who 
were at this time the most powerful sept of the 
O'Byrnes of Wicklow. 

" Narrow passes. — The English writers make 
no mention of this attack by O'More ; but 
O'SuUevan Beare says that five hundred of 
Essex's army were killed by Huon (i. e. Uaithne, 
a name now sometimes anglicised Anthony) 
O'More, in a defile called Bearna na gCleti, i. e. 
the Gap of the Feathers. This name is now ob- 
solete, nor has any evidence been yet discovered 
to prove the exact situation of the place. 

P. O'Sullevan Beare gives the following ac- 
count of Essex's progress on this occasion in his 
Hist. CathoL Iber. Compend., tom. 3, lib. 5, c. ix. : 

" Tandiu per tot regies imperatores, & exer- 
citus re infoeliciter gesta, statuunt Angli sum- 
mis viribus Catholicos extinguere. In quam 
rem Robertus Essexi» Comes, qui tunc tempo- 
ris omnium Anglorum primus fama rerum ges- 
tarum habebatur, authoritate nulli secundus 
Iberniae Prorex, & exercitus regij Imperator 
creatur. Qui Londino profeotus sub finem 
Martij mensis anno millessimo quingentesimo 
nonagesimo nono (vt docet Camdenus) Dubh- 
linnam appulit. Vbi e:^ ijs, qui nuper ex An- 
glia venerant, & in Ibernia fuerant, comparato, 
quam maximo potuit, exercitu, in Onellum 
facturus expeditionem videbatur, & ita in ilium 



Onellus sese parabat, & etiam Odonellus Onello 
laturus opem. At ille prseter omnium spem in 
Momonias ire contendit septem millia peditum, 
& equites nongentos ductitans. Cui in Lagenia 
per iter angustum exercitum ducenti factus ob- 
uius Huon Omorra cum quingentis peditibus 
vltimum agmen fundi t, aliquot milites, atque 
duces occidit, spolia, & inter csetera multos plu- 
meos apices capit. Vnde locus hodie dicitur 
Transitus plumarum In Momonias Essexius 
cum peruenisset, statim obsidet Catharam ar- 
cem Thomse Buttleri Baronis, in qua tantum 
septem, vel octo bombardarij custodise causa 
erant relicti. Arci auxilio veniunt Comes Des- 
monius, Eaymundus Baro, & eius frater Guliel- 
mus ducentes mille tantum pedites, & equites 
pauoos, copias regij s minime conferendas (ne- 
que enim se parauerant quod existimabant in se 
Essexium tam cito signa non fuisse laturum.) 
Ad arcem aditus erat per pontem, quem Vinkel 
Anglus tribunus militum non inualida manu 
tenebat. Secundo die obsidionis Gulielmus 
Burkus cum peditibus quingentis, & ducentis 
equitibus arci opitulat^m profectus Vinkelem 
ex ponte eijcit nonnullis regij s interemptis, & 
laimo Thomse Baronis fratre cum quinquaginta 
peditibus in arce praesidio collocato incolumis 
revertitur. Tamen arx continue tormentis 
quassata diruitur, Desmonio non obstante, qui 
nullum pugnandi tempus intermittendo, cona- 
batur oppugnationem prohibere. Decima nocte 
oppugnationis laimus cum militibus prostratam 
arcem relinquens ad suos fugit. Essexius in 
arce relicto prsesidio Lomnacham adit, Catholicis 



15990 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2113 



O'Conors Faly, the Gavall-Eanall", and many other gentlemen not enumerated. 
These people made fierce and desperate assaults, and furious, irresistible onsets 
on him, in intricate ways and narrow passes", in which both parties came in 
collision with each other, so that great numbers of the Earl's people were cut 
off by them. The Earl, however, in despite of all the difficulties which he 
met, at last arrived in the country of the Butlers. The Earl of Ormond came 
to receive him with honour and respect ; as did also the Lord of Mountgar- 



non ausis occurrere. Inde Asketiniam petit, 
prsesidium firmaturus. lam Daniel Maccarrha, 
Comesque Desmonius duo millia, & quingentos 
milites coegerant, cum quibus itineris angustias 
obsident. Primo ad hostem versus venientem 
fuit constitutus Gulielmus, secundo Dermysius 
Oconchur in locis planis, & expeditis : Vltimo 
Vaterus Tirellus, & Thomas Plunketus in ipsis 
itinerum angustissimis faucibus cum quingentis, 
& octoginta militibus sunt collocati. Inter quos 
si medius hostis circumueniretur (vt speraba- 
tur) impune delendus videbatur. Ac ita illud 
fuisse imperium datum a Petro Lassie tesserario 
maximo, vt ilium Vaterus & Thomas primum, 
deinde Dermysius, & Gulielmus a tergo adori- 
rentur, multi confirmant, sed vaterus, & Tho- 
mas contrarium aiFerebant. Itaque die Saturni 
Essexius copias in quatuor agmina distinctas ad 
angustias ducit, iamque Tomoniaj, & Clanri- 
chardas Comites, & Macpieris Baro primum ag- 
men ex Ibernis militibus habentes Gulielmum, 
& Dermysium praetereunt nemine repugnante, 
vt erat iussum. Deinde Vaterum, & Thomam 
prsetereuntes ex angustijs in planum sese con- 
ferebant. Quod cum Dermysius vidisset ratus 
perperfidiam aVatero, & Thoma hostem dimitti, 
in aequo loco, vbi erat, ccEpit prseliari, & a mul- 
titudine hostium cedere loco coactus ad Guliel- 
mum sese recipit. Ambo rursus prselium re- 
dintegrantes tres horas hostes secuti acriter 
dimicant, sed parum damni inferentes, quia 
fuit hostis angustijs dimissus, in quibus Vate- 
rus, & Thomas totis viribus resistere debebant. 

12 



Ceeterum hi causabantur, sibi imperatum fuisse, 
"ne prffiliarentur, donee alij pugnam inchoarent, 
sed contrarium multi affirmant, & dicunt illos 
pactos fuisse cum Essexio per quendam Tirel- 
lum, ne ipsi obessent. Vt secundum crimen 
punirentur Daniel Maccarrha censuit, non ta- 
men comes militum secessionem timens. Postea 
rixa orta Thomas fuit a Petro Lessio interfectus. 
Vt redeamus ad rem Essexius Asketiniam per- 
uenit, in cuius castra Catholici noctu faciunt 
impetum. ■ Asketinia firmiore prsesidio munita 
Essexius vlterius' progredi non ausus die Luna; 
sequente rediuit per aliud iter. Vbi ex arbo- 
reto iuxta Finiteri pagum Catholici erumpentes 
primum, vltimum, & media agmina simul inua- 
dunt. Henricus Norris eques Auratus Anglus 
lohannis, & Thomse frater in Catholicos equo 
vectus firmo bombardariorum agmine vallatus 
plumbea glande confossus equo corruit.- Alij 
ex regijs multi, & ex Catholicis nonnuUi desi- 
derantur : nam ab hora nona ante meridiem, 
vsque ad quintam pomeridianam fuit pugnatum, 
donee Essexius Cruomuise consederit. Vnde 
rursus Desiam vsque Desmonius sequitur per 
sex dies noctu, & interdiu praslians, & eius ex- 
ercitum extenuans. Post Essexij reditum Dubh- 
linnam arx Cathara a laimoButtleroBaronis fra- 
tre praesidiarijs Anglis occisis, breui recuperatur. 
" Secundum expeditionem rursus 'Essexius fa- 
cit in Oconchures Iphalios, & Omorras, cum qui- 
bus parum prospere pugnans exercitum indies 
minuit. Quare in Onellum profecturus ex An- 
glia subsidium petit." 

N 



2114 awNata Rioghachca eiReanH. [1599. 

moca jaipfcc .1. Gmann, mac T?ifDepo, mic piapaif buicilep baf hi muinncea- 
pup ui neill achaib pmp an can pin. O Do puaccacap buicilepaij hi ccfnn an 
mpla loccap 50 lion a pocpairre hi ccpian cluana meala, ~[ po jabpac ace 
lompuibe im cacaip Duine hiapccaij. Uomap, mac cepoicc, mic piapaip 
buicileip po ba6 ciccfpna pop an mbaile hipin,"] baf pibe hi ccombdib ui neill 
1 lapla Dfpmurhan achaib piap an can pin. Nip bo copba t>on lapla co na 
plojaib an lompmbe 1 mbacap 50 po caippnjfb opDanap mop leo 6 pope 
Idipcce Dia paijib, "| 50 po Ifccab an Ifc pa nfpa Doib Don baile, conab lap 
pin pob ficcfn Doib an baile do cabaipc Diapla op eppe;c ") Don bain- 
piojain ; 

Ip na lainb in po puib lapla op epejr pe haghaib cacpaig buine hiapccai j 
canaicc ppepiDenp Da coiccib murfian .1. Sip comap nopuip 6 copcaij 50 cill 
mocellocc Do cocc Do lacaip an lapla pia piu Diccpfo joluimneac. baipibe 1 
ngap DO coicciDep ma corhnaibe ipin mbaile pin ag lompuipeac ppip an lapla 
Do cechc cap Siuip, -j no ^nacaijeab jach pe Id cuaipc Do cup im cnocaib 
conncae luimnij Dup an ppuijbeab baojal jona no jabdla ap Dpuinj eiccin 
DO biobbabaib na bampiogna. In apoile 16 Dia nDeachaib Mf in ccfnn coip 
Don conncae do pala Do ("] gan neac aca ace lappaib apoile) Uomdp a bupc, 
mac ceboicc, mic uilliam, mic Gmainn 6 caiplen uf conaing. Ni bai aein neach 
pop eoch 1 ppochaip comdip gionmocapom bubofm. bacap Dna a njap Do 
ceo paighoiuip jaoibelac ma pappab. lap na ppaiccpm Don ppepiDenp cucc 
pibe panncac polamaij Dia paijib 50 po Diolaicpiccheab a ppoccup Dpicic 
DO muinncip comdip Don cup pin, ."] Do Dinjencai ni bab mo munbab a cupcc 
po jonab an ppepiDenp uaip do pala popccom pfij pfoparhnup Do pfce Do hi 
ccompac coppdin a jeill -| uaccaip a bpajac. Oc conncacap a muincip 
eippium ap na cpeccnuccab arhlaib pin po labpoc ma uipcimcell 50 puccpac 

^ Lord of Mountgarrett Moryson says tliat rest of the castles, and the whole county, were 

" in the county of Kilkenny the Viscount of held by the Earl of Onnond for the Queen." — 

Mountgarret, a Butler of the Earl of Ormond's Vol. i. p. 72. 

family, was aon-in-law to Tyrone, and that he " Cathair-Duine-Iascaigh, now Cahir, in the 

was, at this period, in rebellion with his bre- county of Tipperary. There is a view of this 

thren, and with some of his sons, and with his castle, as it stood at this period, in the Pacata 

followers, being in number one hundred and Hibernia See Dublin edition of 1810, p. 76. 

thirty foot, and twenty horse ; that he held the '• To fall in with : literally, " offendit i/li." P. 

castles of Ballyragget and Colekil, bvit that the O'Sullevan Beare, states that he met Thomas 



1599.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2ll5 

rett" (Edmond,the son of Richard, son of Pierce Butler), who had been in alliance 
with O'Neill some time before. As soon as the Butlers had joined the Earl, 
they proceeded with all their forces to Trian-Chluana-Meala, and laid siege to 
Cathair-Duine-Iasgaigh". Thomas, the son of Theobald, son of Pierce Butler, 
was lord of that town; he was in alliance with O'Neill, and the Earl of Des- 
mond, for a period previous to that time. The siege carried on by the Earl 
and his forces was of no avail to them until they drew great ordnance from 
Waterford to it, by which was thrown down the nearest side of the fortress, 
after which the fortress was forced to surrender to the Earl of Essex and the 
Queen. 

In the days that the Earl of Essex was storming Cathair-Duine-Iasgaigh, 
the President of the two provinces of Munster, i. e. Sir Thomas Norris, came 
from Cork to Kilmallock to wait on the Earl before he should go to Limerick. 
He was nearly a fortnight residing in the town, awaiting the coming of the 
Earl across the Suir, and was in the practice of scouring the hills of the 
county of Limerick every other day, to see whether he could kill or capture 
any of the Queen's enemies. On a certain day that he went to the eastern 
extremity of the county he happened to fall in with' Thomas Burke, the son of 
Theobald, son of William, son of Edmond of Castleconnell, neither being in 
search of the other. Thomas alone*, of all his people, was on horseback ; he 
had nearly one hundred Irish soldiers along with him. When the President 
saw him he made a determined and dexterous attack upon him, and about 
twenty of Thomas's people were cut off on the occasion ; and more would have 
been slain, were it not that the President was so soon mortally wounded ; for 
he received a violent and venomous thrust of a pike where the jaw-bone joins 
the upper part of the neck. When his people saw him thus wounded, they 
collected around him and carried him back to Kilmallock", where he remained 

Biirke at Killthilia, now Kilteele, a small vil- Milton's 

lage in the barony of Coonagh, in the east of " God and his son except, 

the county of Limerick, and about two miles Created thing nought valued he nor shunned." 

to the south of Pallasgreen. Paradise Lost, book ii. lines 679, 680. 

* Thomas alone The original is incon-eci/mA, ^ KilrmUock P. O'SuUevan Beare says that 

and,ifliterally translated, would stand in English he returned to Maola, now Mallow, where he 

thus: " There was no one on a horse along with died in fifteen days after his arrival, and this is 

Thomas except himself.'''' This is nearly as bad as probably the truth. 

12 N 2 



2116 aNHQta Rioshachca eiKeaNW. [1599. 

leo e cap a aip 50 cill TTlocellocc,-] baf y€ y^eaccmuine ina oraiplije po 
larhaib 1% 50 ppuaip bdp laparh 1 mi wl painpiD. 

O po jabab Cacaip buine hiapccaij la hiapla op epe;r, canaicc pfin •] 
lapla upmuTTian, 1 maire an cploij 50 luimneac, ■] po paccaib a campa Don 
caoib amuij do Immneap. Uanaicc ina cfnn Don baile ceDna 5obepn6ip coicciD 
connacc .1. Sip Conepp Clipopr -[ lapla cloinne piocaipD .1. Uillfcc mac 
RiocaipD 8ha;ranai5,-] lapla cuaDmuman DonnchaD mac Concobaip ui bpiain. 
O po cpiocnai5pioc na huaiple pin a ccomaiple hi ppocaip apoile po piU an 
jobepnoip -| lapla cloinne piocaipo cap a naip hi cconoachcoibh. Ro cpiall 
lapla op eppepf, lapla upmurhan,-] lapla cuaDmuman Dol 1 muimneacaib Dup 
ann ppuijbiccip ell ngabala pop jfpalcacaib. 

Ctn ceD oiDce po pdccaibpioc luimneac 1 mi lun po jabpac' campa pop up 
abann ctra Dapa. Q5 jabail Doib ap a bapac Din paraipn piap peac mom 
pobaip po caipbfmpioc ampaij "| occbaiD lapla Dfpmuman, 1 an gappaiD 
^eapalcach a njnuipi Doib. 6a ppaocDa popjpanna an pia&uccab.l an pail- 
ciujao cuccacap Dpiop lonaiD a bppionnpa ap a ceD cuaipc Dia paijiD, 6ip 
po Ificcpioc De, -| Decac a nDub puDaip, 1 paice peilep a jonnabaib gep 
paDapcacaib po a puilib. Roclop laip beop slaei&bficfoac, jdip 1 jpfoan a 
ngalgac, -\ a ngiollanpaibe i nionoD na humla, "| r.a honopa, -| na mbpiarap 
pfim pomblapca po bob cubaiD do cancam ppipp. Ctcc cfna pob e lompcca- 
pa6 na hiopjaile pm, iliomac Daome Do Diolaicpiuccab o lapla op eppe;):, q 
gan appcap baD lonaipme Do Ificcfn Do an Id pin 50 po jab longpopc f6 bfcc 
6 eapp jeibcine poip. Oia Dorhnaij ap a bapac appeaD po chinn lapla op 
eppe;r, lapla upmuman,"] lapla cuaDmuman mapcpluaj Do cop le mumippion 

" Under the care, literally, " under the hands better acquainted with the affairs of Munster at 

of physicians." this period than the Four Masters. Sir Eichard 

* In the month of July. — The English writers Cox says that "there is little credit to be given 

make no mention of the manner of Sir Thomas to that author, and yet, that some things that he 

Norris's death. -P. O'SuUevan Beare gives some says must be allowed to l^e true." O'Sullevan's 

curious particulars of his battle with the Mun- words are as follows : 

ster chiefs, totally omitted by the Four Masters. " Aliquot inde mensibus Thomas Burkus Cas- 

He mentions his death before the expedition of telconelli Baronis frater, qui ab Anglis desciuit 

Sir Conyers Clifford against O'Donnell, at Bal- receptis a Eaymundo Barone, & eius fratreGui- 

lyshannon, when Murrough O'Brien, Baron of lielmo militibus inMuscria Kurkia castella non 

Inohiquin, was drowned (1597). O'Sullevan is satis munita expugnabat. Qua; circa loca Nor- 

probably right, for he appears to have been ris qui cum exercitu erat, cum equitibus am- 



1599.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2117 

six weeks on his sick bed under the care' of physicians, when he died in the 
month of July'' precisely. 

When the Earl of Essex had takenCathair-Duine-Iasgaigh, he and the Earl of 
Ormond, with the chiefs of the army, proceeded with their army to Limerick, 
and pitched his camp outside Limerick. To this town the Governor of the pro- 
vince of Connaught, i e. Sir Conyers, the Earl of Clanrickard, i. e. Ulick, son of 
Richard Saxonagh, and the Earl of Thoniond (Donough, the son of Conor 
O'Brien), came to meet him. When these nobles had finished their consultation, 
the Governor and the Earl of Clanrickard returned back to Connaught; [and] the 
Earl of Essex, the EarlofOrmond, and theEarl of Thomond, proceeded intoMun- 
ster, to see whether they could get an opportunity of invading the Geraldines.' 

On the first night after they had left Limerick, in the month of June, they 
encamped upon the banks of the river of Adare' ; [and] as they advanced 
westwards on the next day, Saturday, through the bog of Robhar^ the sol- 
diers and warriors of the Earl of Desmond and the Geraldine host shewed 
them their faces. Fierce and morose was the salute and welcome which they 
gave to the representative of their Sovereign on his first visit to them [and 
to his army] ; for they discharged into their eyes the fire and smoke of their 
black powder, and showers of balls from straightly-aimed guns; and he 
heard the uproar, clamour, and exulting shouts of their champions and com- 
mon soldiers, instead of the submission, honour [that should have been shewn 
him], and of the mild and courteous words that should have been spoken 
to him. Howbeit, the result of this conflict was that great numbers of the 
Earl of Essex's men were cut off, and that he was not suffered to make any 
remarkable progress on that day ; so that he pitclied his camp a.short distance 
to the east of Askeaton. On the next day, Sunday, he and the Earls of Ormond 
and Thomand resolved to send a body of cavalry to lay up ammunition in 

plius ducentis, & peditibus mille in Thomam ire per Galeam ferit in capita ferream hastae cuspi- 

contendit, illumque cum equitatu, & bombar- dem relinquens. Norris vulnere afflictus Moa- 

darijs ad Killthiliam nanciscitur. Thomas, qui lam redit vbi intra quindecim dies moritur." — 

ducentos tantum pedites tunc habuit, loco ce- Hist. Cathol. Iber. ^c, torn 3, lib. 5, c. vi. 

dere putauit. Ea re non contentus Norris in " The river o/Adare: i. e. the River Maigue. 

eius vltimos ordines cum equitatu proruit : in f Rohhar, now anglice Rower, a townland on 

cuius impetum Thomas sese conuertit, & lohan- the west side of the River Maigue, in the parish 

nes Burkus Nobilis Connachtus Norrisera hasta of Adare, county of Limerick. It is now divided 



2118 awNata Rio^hachca emeaNw. [1599. 

5ohfpp5eibcine,-| jam lao pfin t)o Dol nf bob ]•^a piap ip in mumain t)on chup 
pin. Qcc pilleao Doib poip ap a bdpac Dm luain la caeb baile an elecepaij 
puapacap rpoiD cfnn, calcaip, -\ jleo i^nac gaibreac o jfpalcacaib, ~\ po 
mapbab Dpong Oi'pirfi do muinncip lapla op eppe;r an Id pm im l?iDipe oipDfipc 
po ba6 mop aminn 1 onoip .1. Sip hanpg nopuip. Do chuaiD lapla op efye^ 
lap pin 50 oil nriocellocc, "] lap mbfic cpi hoiDce Do ipin mbaile pin cucc a 
acchaiD bu66fp ap chfnn peabpac plebe caofn mic ofipccDualaij Do Dol 
1 ccpiocaib poipcec, -] an can do paoileaD jabdil Do 50 copcaij ba pi conaip 
1 nDeachaiD Dap dr mainipcpec pfpmaije, hi cconacail, hi maij lie, -| Do liop 
mop mocuDo. (idcrap Din jfpalcaij 05 caicfrh, aj coiitilfnmain, 05 coccpaim, 
ace copaijechc, ace puiliuecaD, ace poipbfpccaD poppa an aipfcc pin. O 
painicc lapla op eppe;c Do na ofipib po pillpior ^QictlcaijsomfppDachc,"] 50 
moip rhfnmain Dd ccfpib, -\ Dd ccijib. O pdinicc an ciapla ceDna 50 Dun 
ngapbdin po aip lapla cuabmurhan uab lairh le paippje 50 heocoill, 50 cop- 
caij, 1 lapaifi 50 luimneac. Oo caeD lapla op eppe;c o bun japbdin 56 pope 
Idipge, appibe 1 mbuicilepacaib, -| illaijnib. Nip bo poinmec po apccndcap 
cpe gac conaip cpiapa crubcaccap 6 cd pope laipge 50 hac eliac, uaip po 
bdcrap jaoibil laijfn aja rcogpaim, -] acca niapmoipecc, aja ccacmanj 1 
ace ccimcellab 50 po mapbaic, "] 50 po muDhaijic Dpecca Dfpmapa Diob in 
gac peD, "] in jac plije in po jabpar. 6a pfb acbfipDip jaoibil 6peann jup 
bo pfpp DO na ciapab an cupup pin 6 accliar 50 huib conaill jabpa, ■) cilleab 
' Do cap a aip Idp an eeD coinnpgleo po cocaiccheab na ajhaibgan urhla gan 

into two parts, of which the greater is called '' Ceann-Feabhrat. — See note \ under the year 

Eowermore, and'the smaller Rowerbeg. 1579, p- 1721, supra. 

8 Baile-an-Eleleraigh, now Finneterstown, in 'Mountain qfCaom, ^c, now Slieve Reagh, in 

the parish of Adare, about nine miles from the the south of the county of Limerick. — See note 

city of Limerick. This name was originally *, under the year 1560, p. 1580, supra. 

baile an peipiceapai j, i. e. Ferriter's town, of > Roche's country : i. e. the barony of Fennoy, 

which the form given by the Four Masters, and in the county of Cork. 

the present local Irish and anglicised forms of "^ The monasteiy ofFermoy, a small town in the 

the name, are corruptions. There is another barony of Clangibbon, in the county of Cork, 

place of the name in the parish of Drehidstrasna, where, on the bank of the Blackwater, an ab- 

ia the barony of Connello, where formerly dwelt bey for Cistercian monks was founded in the 

a branch of the Fitzgeralds descended from John year 1270, by Sir Richard de Eupella, who was 

More na Sursainge [of the surcingle], natural Lord Justice of Ireland in the year 1261. The 

son of the celebrated John of Callan. barony of Clangibbon, in which this monastery 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2119 

Askeaton, and not to proceed any further westwards into Munster themselves 
on this occasion. On their return eastwards the next day, Monday, [when they 
arrived] near Bailean-Eleteraigh^, they received a stout and resolute conflict, 
and a furious and formidable battle, from the Geraldines ; and many of the Earl 
of Essex's people were slain on that day, and, among the rest, a noble knight 
of great name and honour, i. e. Sir Henry Norris. The Earl of Essex then pro- 
ceeded to Kilmallock ; and, having remained three nights in that town, he 
directed his course southwards, towards Ceann-Feabhrat", [a part] of the moun- 
tain of Caoin", the son of Dearg-dualach, with the intention of passing into 
Roche's country^; and, instead of proceeding to Cork, as it was thought he 
would have done, he directed his course across the ford at the monastery of 
Fermoy", and from thence [he marched with his forces] to Conachail', Magh- 
lle", and Lismore-Mochuda". During all this time the Geraldines continued to 
follow, pursue, and press upon them, to shoot at, wound, and slaughter them. 
When the Earl had aMved in the Desies, the Geraldines returned in exultation 
and high spirits to their territories and houses. On the arrival of the same Earl 
in Dungarvan. the Earl of Thomond parted from him there,- [and proceeded] 
along the seaside to Youghall, and from thence to Cork, and afterwards to Lime- 
rick. The Earl of Essex proceeded from Dungarvan to Wateribrd, thence into 
the country of the Butlers, and into Leinster. They marched not by a pros- 
perous progress by the roads along which they passed from Waterford to Dublin, 
for the Irish of Leinster were following and pursuing, surrounding and envi- 
roning them, so that they slew and slaughtered great numbers of them in every 
road and way by which they passed. The Gaels of Ireland were wont to say 
that it would have been better for him that he had not gone on this expedition 
from Dublin to Hy-Connell-Gaura, as he returned back after the first conflict 
that was maintained against him, without [having received] submission or re- 
is situated, is a part of the anfcient Irish terri- talloon, in the east of the county of Cork. 
tory of Feara Muigh-Feine, the name of which "■ Magh-TUe, how Moygeely, a townland con- 

is still preserved in that of the barony of Fer- taining the rnins of an abbey in the valley of 
moy, which is much smaller than the ancient the River Bride, in the same barony, and close 
territory. — .See Smith's Natural and Civil His- to the boundary of the county of Waterford. 
tory of Cork, book ii. c. vii. '' Lismore-Mochuda: i. e. the town of Lismore. 

' Conachml, now Conna, a village near which on the River Bkokwater, in the county of 
are the ruins of a castle, in the barony of Kina- Waterford, where St. Carthach, or Mochuda, 



2120 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [1599. 

aiDiDe 6 jfpalcacaib,"! jan aein cfim ba6 lonnnaoiOiTn pe a pajbail ina im- 
recroib, ace aniain jabail carpac ouine hmpccaij. 

6ai 6 concobaip flijij DonnchaD mac carail 615 ap aon la hiapla op 
eppe;r ap in pluaijeab pin 50 poaoh Doib on miiTnain aifiail po aipnTibfinap, 
-| ace nlleaO Doib poip 6 conallcoib 50 conncae luimnij ba hannpaiDe po 
pccap Ua concobaip ppiu, 1 Do chuaiD bi cconnachcoib hi ccfnn an jobep- 
nopa Sip conepp clipopc. Ni bai eirh aen baile Dia bailcib ap cumap ui 
concobaip hi cconnrae pliccij an ran pm cenmocd aen caipnall nama Do 
bailcib clomne DonnchaiD cipe hoileUa, "] ba hann bafpiDe pop eochaipimlib 
abann moipe, Cul maoile a ainnnpiDe. O po baf ua concobaip achaiD mbicc 
hi ppappab an jobepnopa po apccna Do 16 -\ DoDaij 50 painicc gup an mbaile 
hi mi lul DO ponnpaD. O Do puacc ua concobaip 50 ciil maoile ruccaD 
apaill DO cfrpaib muinnnpe Ui Domnaill (bacap an can pin pecnoin an cipe, 
jjan aipiuccab Da muinncip pTin) 50 hUa cconcobaip jup an mbaile. 

Oc cuap Dua Dorhnaill an nf pin po ba lainn laip Lla"oricobaip Do rocc Don 
ci'p.i ba po laip an Do poine Dup an ccaippfb laip a nDfip^fine piap an can pm 
DO aire paip. T?o popconjaip Ua Dorhnaill pop a mapcploig jan anab ppi a 
milfoaib cpoijceaca co poipcip an caiplen co nd poichfoh la hUa cconcobaip 
pdccbdil an baile pia piu pi'opraip an plog. Oo ponab paippium innpm, ap ni 
lamra upcuapachc a bpficpe iDip. Locap lapom an mapcploi^ peib apDfme 
po nuccpac co panjacap an baile,"] canjaccap lapam an pluaj ma Ifnmain co 
nDfpnpac ciopcaill boDba Diob 1 niomcacmanj an Dunaib. 6a Danjfn Diocoj- 
laiji an caipciall hi pm, -| nip bo pobamg popcoimecc popp an rf lap bub 
lainn a paccbail, ap ba gap poccup do Dpoibelaib Doimrecca an cionab i 
ccappupraip e. ^"^^T ^^ oomnaill lonjpopc ap belaib an pfoa bai Don 
caob apaill Don afia;nn baf la hup an baile. T?o hopoai^fo luce pfirme -| 
popaipe laip m oibcib 1 hi Idib popp an Dunaib oa gac ler, ~\ no biDip Dpong 
Diopmanna mopa oia mapcploij pop a neacaib ipin pppioraipe 6 puineb nell 
nona co hoDmaDain, nd po elaibfoh Ua concobaip uanaib. ^?o Ifch cpa-na 
pccela pin po epinn .1. Ua concobaip pliccij Do bfic ipm lomcuimge pin aj Ua 
nDomnaiU hi ccuil maoile, "] o po clop la hiapla op eppe;r in nf pin po paiD 

formed a religious establishment about the year ° The Clann-Dojumgh : i. e. the Mac Donoughs 

663 — See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ire- of Tirerrill, who were at this time tributary to 
land, vol. ii. pp. 353, 355. O'Conor Sligo. 



1,599.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2121 

spect from the Geraldines, and without having achieved in his progress any 
exploit worth boasting of, excepting only the taking of Cathair-Duine-Iasgaigh. 

O'Conor Sligo (Donough, the son of Cathal Oge) was along with the Earl 
of Essex on this hosting until their return from Munster, as we have related. 
It was on their return from Connello eastwards, through the county of Limerick, 
that O'Conor parted from them ; and he then went to Connaught, to the Gover- 
nor, Sir Conyers Clifford. O'Conor had none of all his castles in the county 
of Sligo in his possession at this time, except only one castle, belonging to the 
Clann-Donough° of Tirerrill, which was situated on the banks of Abhainn-mhor; 
Culmaoile'' was its name. O'Conor, after remaining a short time with the 
Governor, proceeded onwards, both by day and night, until he reached this 
castle, [which he did] in the month of July. On O'Conor's arrival at Cul- 
maoile, some of the cattle of O'Donnell's people that were then throughout the 
country were brought to him to the castle, without being noticed by their 
owners. 

When O'Donnell was informed of this, he was glad that O'Conor had come ' 
into the country, and he was pleased at what he had done, that he might try if 
he could take vengeance on him for his former doings. O'Donnell then ordered 
his cavalry not to wait for his foot-soldiers, but to proceed to the castle before 
O'Conor could have time to leave it. This was done at his bidding, for his 
word durst not be disobeyed''. The cavalry proceeded as quickly as they were 
able, until they arrived at the castle ; the army followed them, and formed 
themselves into extensive circles around the fortress. This castle was an im- 
pregnable stronghold, and it was not easy to watch a person determined to leave 
it, for the place in which it was situated was close to impervious fastnesses. 
O'Donnell pitched his camp before a wood that lay on the other side of the 
river, in front of the castle. He appointed parties to reconnoitre and watch 
by day and night on every side of the fortress ; and strong squadrons of his 
cavalry were mounted on their horses on guard from the dusk of the evening 
to day-break, in order that O'Conor might not escape from them. The news 
spread throughout Ireland that O'Conor Sligo was thus blockaded by O'Don- 
nell at Culmaoile, and when the Earl of Essex heard it, he dispatched mes- 

P Culmaoile, now Colooney. states, in his life of this Hugh Roe O'Donnell, 

" Durst iiot be disobeyed. — Cucogry O'Clery that "he was a Ccesar in command." 

12 o 



2122 aHNQta Rioshachca eiReaww. [1599. 

cecra Do f 01516 5ol)epTi6pa coicci6 connacc,"] po arain oe cocc ma comne 
Idociipme 50 pfpaib ceall. puaipan gobepnoip mop ppoplainni ppoipeiccne 
05 gabail rpe pfpaib cell 05 Dol 1 noail in lapla ap po mapbab pocaibe mop 
DO Daepccappluaij 1 Do DajDaoinib uaba. Ro bad DibpiDe l?ipDepD, mac 
uilliam, mic RipDepD, mic oiluepaip a bupc, Duine uapal do bupcacaib cfpe 
hamaljaiD, 1 Do cuipeaD guaip a pasbala ap an ngobepnoip pfin. dp a ao( 
painicc hi ccfnn an lapla, 1 bdrcap ppi pe od Id cp na noibchib 1 ppappaD 
apoile ace pjpuDaD a ccomaiple. In eacmaing na pee pin po Ificc an ciapla 
puilleaD ploij, 1 paijDiuipiDe Idp an njobepnoip, 1 po popcongaip paip lap 
poccam baile dca luam Do a pupail ap cepoicr na Ions, mac Ripofipo an 
lapainn, mic emamn, mic uillicc, ap TTlupchab na maop, mac Domnaill an 
coccaiD, mic an jiolla Duib ui plairbfpcaij, •] ap eipje amac na gaillme 
an pDopup bi6 "] Dije, "] a naiDme Denma caipreoil rdnaicc 6 8ha;)roib 50 
Saillim, Do bpfic cimcell buD cuaiD cap cfnnaib cuan, -\ calaDpopc 50 cuan 
8I1CC15, 1 an jobepnoip pfippm co na uile pocpaicce Do cochc Do cfp cpe 
pfiD Dfpje gacha pofD 50 poicheab 50 cuil maotle, -| Ua concobaip plicci^ 
Dpupcacr, 1 Dpoipicin ap an aipc,-] ap an ficcfnoail 1 mbaof ag Ua Domnaill. 
T?o popcongaip an ciapla bCop ap an ngobfpnoip gan pob cap a aip pop 
cculaib CO po cumoaijce coiplen Damjfn Dforojlaiji hi Slicceach laip no 
^ebab ppi hullcoib Do jpep. 

O po jab an jobepnoip Do lairh innpin uile ceilebpaip Don lapla -\ Do 
caeD 50 baile ata luain ■] po pmachc pop cepoicc na long, pop TTlupchab 
na maop, -| pop muinncip na 501 lime 50 ccfopcaip hi lomjCp ppi hop nepenn 
jac nofpec aniap 50 Slicceach. Ni po Ificcpioc pom 1 neiplip innpin uaip do 
puaccacap jan anab, gan oipipium 50 po peolpac a ccoblac laim Dfp ppi 
cfp 50 po jabpac ipin ccuan ppi Slicceach aniap. Ctnaicc annpaiDe peib po 
hfpbab pptu 50 ppfpcaoip pgela an cploij. Do caeD Din an gobepnoip bubfin 
50 popp comain, ■] po cfcclamab laip ina mbaoi ma cumang Do jallaib -| 
jaoibealaib bdccap pomdmaijce Don bampiojam ina compocpaib. Ro bab 

■■ Murrough-na-Maer: i. e. Murrough of the should first sail due west for more than twenty 

Stewards. miles, and next due north for more than se- 

' Donnell-an-chogaidh: i. e. Donnel, or Daniel, venty miles, before they could turn from the 

of the "War. west towards the Bay of Sligo. Therefore the 

^Directly from the west to Sligo.—r.Thisla.ngna.ge phrase 50 noipec aniap is useless. It should 

is not to the point, for the people of Galway be, ^' shoxild proceed in ships from Galway 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2123 

sengers to the Governor of the province of Connaught, commanding him to 
come to meet him on a certain day in Fircall. The Governor encountered 
great toils and difficulties in passing through Fircall on his way to meet the 
Earl; for great numbers of his common soldiers and chieftains were slain, 
among whom was Eichard, the son of William, son of Richard, son of Oliver 
Burke, a gentleman of the Burkes of Tirawly ; and the Governor himself was 
in danger of being lost. Howbeit, he made his way to the Earl, and they 
remained for a period of two days and nights together in consultation. At the 
expiration of this time the Earl sent additional forces and soldiers with the 
Governor, and he ordered him, when he should reach Athlone, to command 
Theobald-na-Long, the son of Richard-an-Iarainn, son of Edmond, son of Ulick 
[Burke], Murrough-na-Maer', son of Donnell-an-chogaidh', son of Gilla-Duv 
O'Flaherty, and the rising out of G^lway, to convey [in ships] northwards 
around the headlands and harbours to the harbour of Sligo, the store of viands 
and drink, and the engines for constructing castles, which had arrived from 
England in Galway; while the Governor himself was to proceed by land, 
by the most direct roads, until he should arrive at Cul-Maoile, to relieve and 
release O'Conor Sligo from the constraint and jeopardy in which he was placed 
by O'Donnell. The Earl, moreover, ordered the Governor not to return back 
until he should have erected a strong, impregnable castle in Sligo, as a con- 
stant defence against the Ulstermen. 

The Governor having undertaken to execute all these commands, he took 
his leave of the Earl, and proceeded to the town of Athlone ; and he com- 
manded Theobald-na-Long, Murrough-na-Maer, and the people of Galway, 
that they should proceed in ships along the coast of Ireland [to Erris head, 
and then] directly from the west to Sligo'. These did not neglect his orders, 
for they got ready, without waiting or delaying, and sailed with their fleet, 
keeping the land on their right, until they put in at the harbour to the west of 
Sligo. Here they remained", as they had been ordered, until they should 
receive information concerning the army. The Governor himself repaired, in 
the mean time, to Roscommon, and assembled all those under his control, of 
the English and Irish who were obedient to the Queen in its neighbourhood. 

around to Sligo." here, as was ordered to them, until they should 

" Here they remained: literally, "they remained know the news of the army." 

12 o 2 



2124 aNNQca Rioshachca emeaNN. [1599. 

Dibpem clann lapla cloinne piocaipo .1. bapun Duine coilbn l?iocapt) 1 comdp, 
6 concobaip Donn .1. Cto6, mac Diapmaca, mic caipppe, Uepoio Dfolnunn -\ 
TTlac puibne na rcuacTTlaoliTiuipe mac mupchaib moill, mic Gojain 615 baof 
pop pojail, 1 fppaon 6 Ua noomnaill 1 ppappab an jobepnopa an ran pin. 

00 beacacap lapam 6 Roppcomdin co cuillpce, bdcap Dna ocr mbpacaca 
picfcc paijDiuipibe qcc paccbdil an taile pin Doib ipm Dorhnac pia lujnapab 
DO ponpab. Rainicc an gobepnoip co na ploj pia mfbon laoi an Id pm 50 
mamipcip na buille ■] po buf hipuibe ace paicill an uipcpialla Do poine po 
bfoib. 

Odla Ui Domnaill 6 caipmc laip an lompuibe do 6puD ~\ do Dlucucchab 
ppip m Dunaib i mbaoi 6 concobaip arhail po ba Daca laip co nd iriccce neach 
monn, no ille ipin mbaile, Ro paccaib Niall japb 6 DomhnaiU 1 ccoipijechr 
aepa an lomcoimecca, 1 po rioncoipcc do jacb nf bd Dip do jniomh. LuiD 
pfipin CO na pluaj co coipppliab na pf^pa, -\ jabaip longpopc hipuiDe ap na 
cfopaD an pluaj eaccpann caipip gan pacuccaD, uaip on cceiDpecc po clop 
laip uiprpiall an jobepnopa Dia paicchiD pop popconjpa lapla op eppe;c 
baof ina poiriiDin 1 ina poicill ppi pe Dd rhfop 50 coicc Decc Qugupc 1 naip- 
cionn an bealaijbuibe ppi coipppliab a cuaiD. Qcc cfna po barcap a ploja 
pop pccaoileab ■] pop eippCbeaDh uaba 1 nionaDaib eccparhla .1. Dpong Diob 

1 niompuibe popp an ccaipciall 1 mbaof O concobaip 1 apaill ppi hucc 
bpuinne cepoicc na long,-] an coblai^ pempdicce Qpaile Diob 05 coimfcc 
popp na conaipib 6 cd loc ce ppi pejaip anoip, 50 loch cfichfc ppi Sejaip 
aniap. Qcbeprpac a coi'pij, -] a comaiplij Id hUa nDoriinaill nac boi con- 
jaib cara occa arhad po bob cecca 1 najhaiD gall uaip na baccap a plbij 
in aen maigin leo. Do paDpom pop Ddil mbicc 1 pop nfimni puijle na nuapal 

■" For. — The style is here left very imperfect, approaching, by order of the Earl of Essex, to 

The uaip should be omitted, and the two sen- raise the siege, and, as soon as he was convinced 

tences remodelled thus : " As for O'Donnell, that this was the fact, he proceeded, with the 

having, to his satisfaction, succeeded in block- main body of his forces, to the extremity of the 

adiilg the castle of Collooney upon O'Conor, so pass of, Bealach Buidhe, to the north of Coirrsli- 

as not to suffer himself, or any of his people, to liabh, and there pitched his camp, to intercept 

pass in or out, he left his relative, Niall Garv the progress of this army of the strangers, and 

O Donnell, with a sufficient number of men, to remained in readiness to attack them for a pe- 

carry on tlie siege; for he had heard that Sir riod of two months, that is, from the 15tli of 

Conyers Clifford, Governor of Coniiaught, was June to the 15th of August." 



1399] AI^NALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2125 

Of these were the sons of the Earl of Clanrickard, namely, Rickard, Baron of 
Dunkeliin, and Thomas ; O'Conor Don, i. e. Hugh, the son of Dermot, son of 
Carbry; Theobald Dillon; and Mac Sweeny-na-dTuath (Mulmurry, the son 
of Murrough Mall, son of Owen Oge), who was this time plundering, and in 
revolt from O'Donnell, along with the Governor. They afterwards proceeded 
from Roscommon to Tulsk, and on leaving that town, [which was] precisely on 
the Sunday before Lammas, they had twenty-eight standards of soldiers. The 
Governor arrived with his army at tlie abbey of Boyle before the noon of that 
day ; and he remained there to prepare for his final march. 

As for O'Donnell, after having to his satisfaction succeeded in closing and 
strengthening the siege of the fortress in which O'Conor was, so as not to suffer 
any one to pass into or out of the castle, he left Niall Garv O'Donnell in com- 
mand of the besiegers, instructing him in everything that was proper to be 
done, [and] proceeded himself with [the main body of] his army to Coirrsh- 
liabh-na-Seaghsa [the Curlieu hills], and there pitched his camp to prevent 
the army of the strangers from passing that way unnoticed. For^, from the 
first time he heard that the Governor was approaching him by order of the 
Earl of Essex, he was in wait and in readiness for him for a period of two 
months (until the 15th of August), at the extremity of Bealach-Buidhe", to 
the north of Coirrshliabh. At this time his forces were dispersed, and away 
from him in various places : one division of them besieging the castle upon 
O'Conor, another watching the motions* of Theobald-na-Long and the fleet 
before mentioned, and others of them placed to guard the passes which ai-e 
situated from Lough Key at the east of [the mountain of] Seaghais to Lough 
Techet" to the west of Seaghais. The chief of his army and his advisers 
remarked to O'Donnell, that they had not battle engines fit to oppose the Eng- 
lish [and that they should not risk an engagement], because they had not their 
forces together. But he made little or no account of the words of those gentle- 

^ Bealach-Buidhe : i. e. the yellow road or pass, to prevent them from landing, or, at least, from 

now Bellaghboy, near Ballinafad, in the barony going to the relief of CoUooney. Theobald Burke 

of Tirerrill, and county of Sligo See note ", arrived in the bay, but was prevented, by O'Don- 

under the year 1497, p. 1232, supra. nell's people, from landing. 

' Watching the motions: "fronting or breast- ^ Longh Techet, now Lough Gara, situated to 

ing." A party of O'Donnell's forces marched the west of the town of Boyle — See note '', 

along the coast, keeping the lleet in view, si> as under the year 1256, p. 357, Mipra. 



2126 aHwaca Rio^hachca eiReanN. [1599. 

-| acbfpc nap bo la li'on 6cc bpiy^reap car, ace cecib nfch raipipnijCp 1 mope 
an coim&eao "} biop pop pip, ap e ap copccpac,"] bfipfp buaiD pop a biobba- 
ohaib. 

baf Ua Dorhnaill parhlaib gup an ccuicc Decc oQugupc arhail a oubpa- 
map 1 ba hepibe coTnainm an laof m po paofb ITluipe a ppiopar, -) po aoin 
piuih rpfDan 1 nonoip na hf naerh muipe omail po bab bep Do, •] po ceileab- 
patb oipppionn Doporti, -\ Don cploj apcfna, -] po rocaic copp cpfopc lap 
crabaipc a coibpion") lap naicpicche Diocpa ina pfcroib, "] po popail pop a 
plojaib epnaijce Diocpa 50 Dia im pldmre a nanmann cecup, "] imd pnabaD 
on eiccfnodil moip po bai pop cinb Doib 6 jalloib. 

Qn jobepnoip cpd in aipfcc baipibe hi ppopp 1 mainiprip na buille, no 
biob ag bdigh -\ ag baccap, ag cacaofp, -| ace capcupal pop an cuaipcepc 
gac laoi 1 agd jeallab 50 pachab Da naimbfom capp an pleib bub cuaib, "| 
po cpiall an Id hipin, m ni pin po cinjeall Do corhallnab. 

O po piDip O Domnaill an nf pin po popconjaip pop a plojaib cocc 50 
haonmaijm Dia craipealbab"] Dm nopDuccab, "] lap na rcaipelbab cipinnup 
po pannab laip a rhuinncip a nDe ap a haicle. l?o Id a jille biana bfinm- 
nfbaca, 1 a occbaib ucmall anbpaiDh, -\ a aep Diubpaicce pop Ific co na 
njonnabaibh gurdpDa jeppabapcaca, co na ppiobbacaib cailce roinnmfne,i 
CO na ppojabaib puilreca poibpijre, co na nuile aibmib imreilccce apcfna. 
l?o opDaij caofpeac cpoDa -] cuip congmala cara map aen pu 50 ppoppmachc 
iiara popp na hocca Dia nDpuD, -| Dinje, 1 Dlucuccab 1 ccfnn an caca Dupp- 
cclaiji -\ Diomsuin Dap a nfipe can bdb ullarn a naibme Diubpaicce aca. Oo 
paD a uaiple, a aipij, 1 a popup occlaoij ipin Dapa Ifir 50 cclaibmib Dain- 
gnib Depaobpaca, -| 50 mbiailib blachpnaoijhce bel cana, 50 manaofpib moip- 
leabpa muipneca ppi caipipiurh cpoDa "| cachaip. Do poine eim rpoijcij Dia 
rhapcpluaj hi mCpcc a mfleab ap bobamge na conaipe po baf pop a ccionn. 
lap pomn a muinncipe arhlaib pin dUo Dorhnaill po popail pop an aop Diub- 
paicce CO peirhciapcaip an luce naile gup an ploj neccpann pia piu ciopcaip 

' Promising: i. e. boasting. '' To hew down and wound, oupfcclaiji -[ oiom- 

" Shootijiff parties : i. e. his musketeers and jum In the Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell the 

archers. The verb biubpaic signifies, simply, reading is: 

to shoot, or discharge, and may be applied to "D'uppclaije -| o'lomjuin cap a n-eipe can 

the pelting of stones, as well as the discharging ba hanpuipire a n-aiome oiuBpaicre." 

of musketry, arrows, or javelins, ' Veteran soldiers, popapojlac .1. ojluc aopoa. 



1599-3 ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2127 

men, and said that it -was not by numbers of men that a battle is gained, but 
that whoever trusts in the power of the Lord, and is on the side of justice, is 
always triumphant, and gains the victory over his enemies. 

Thus O'Donnell remained until the 15th 'day of August, as we have stated, 
which was the anniversary of the day on which the Virgin Mary yielded her 
spirit ; and he observed the fast, in honour of the Blessed Virgin, as was his 
wont ; and mass was celebrated for him and the army in general ; and he 
received the body of Christ, after making his confession and doing rigid penance 
for his sins. And he ordered his forces to pray fervently to God, first for the 
health of their souls, and [next] to save them from the great peril which hung 
over them from the English. 

While the Governor was at the abbey of Boyle, he was daily in the habit of 
menacing and threatening, reviling and reproaching, the northerns, and pro- 
mising^ that he would pass northwards across the mountain in despite of them ; 
and on this day [i. e. the 15th of August] he undertook to perform what he 
had promised. 

When O'Donnell received intelligence of this, he ordered his forces to be 
assembled together, to be reviewed and marshalled ; and after they had been 
reviewed, he then divided them into two parts. In one division he placed his 
swift and energetic youths, and his nimble and athletic men, and his shooting 
parties*, with their high-sounding, straight-shooting guns, with their strong, 
smooth-surfaced bows, and with their bloody, venomous javelins, and other 
missile weapons. Over these soldiers he appointed a fight-directing leader, and 
a battle-sustaining champion, with command to press, urge, and close them to 
the battle, and to hew down and wound" after them, when they should have 
their missile weapons ready. In the second division he placed his nobles, 
chiefs, and veteran soldiers^ with strong, keen-edged swords, with polished, 
thin-edged battle-axes, and with large-headed lances, to maintain the fight and 
battle. He then converted his cavalry into pedestrians among his infantry, in 
consequence of the difiiculty of the way that lay before them. When O'Donnell 
had thus arranged his people, he commanded his shooting party" to advance 
before the other division, to meet and engage the foreign army before they 

an aged soldier — O'Ckry. English, but neither "musketeers, nor archers" 

"^ Shooting party. — Tliis sounds awkward in would express the idea. 



2128 



aNwata Rioghachca eiReawN. 



[1599. 



rap iom6opai6 an cplebe Do rocap ppiu, 1 t)ia nniubpaccab mip, -] 50 mbOr- 
piurii ■guf an Dpuing aile 1 nepcorhnip cara Doib bail in po ba6 ofpb laip a 
njabail uaip ba huj^aiDe ppaoineab poppa po ofoib Diamoaoip cpeccnai5ce 
uabaibhpium a rcopac. 

No biob eiccin popcoimeoai^e 6 Ua nDorhnaill jac laof imapeach pop mo 
an cplebe ap nd ci'opab an ploj eacrpann caipipp gan paruccab. Do pala 
Dpong Diob an Id pin ann, "] bdrcap ace paipccpi na mainipcpec uabaib, "| na 
poipne po baf innre. Qn can bacap ace an ppaipecpi, ac ciao an ploj; 05 
jabdil a napm, ace nipeebail a mfipjfD, 05 pfinm a ccpompab "] a ceaipmfpc 
cara ap chTna. Ro Idpac pccelago orinmnfbac Do paijib Ui Domnaill. lap 
na cloipcecc pin Dopom arbepc ppippin bpoipinn po opoai^ i pemcup na 
conqipe co noianapccnaiDip pfirhib do beabaib ppip na gallaib piapiu cfop- 
caip cap moichpib an maig pleibe. Coccap laparn amail po bfpbab ppiu co 
naipDe aiccnib, "] co mfnmain mi'liD Id jac naoinpfp aca 50 panjacap inn an 
cplebe 50 cmnepnac pmp na gallaib. Ceiccip O Oomnaill ina noeabaib 
50 cobpaiD eeimpijin gup an ppianlac ppoppaib -\ jup na cpfinpfpaib caip- 
ipme po cojupcaip ma cimcelljo mbacap ipin lonao epbalcam po baD DfiThin 
leo na 501II do jabail. Qipipic annpein pop a ecionn. 



• Summit, " inn .1. cat bapp." — Cormac's Glos- 
sary. 

f Awaited their coming vp O'Sullevan says 

that O'Donnell felled trees to render the passes 
of the mountain more difficult. 

" O'Donnellus in ea mentis parte quae dicitur 
Iter Pallidum {Bealach Bui), arbores hinc inde 
Ciedi et in via sterni jubet ut venientibus im- 
pedimeuto, et resistenti sibi munimento sint : 
nam in eo loco statuit dimicare, citra quem duo- 
bus fere millibus passuura castra collocaverat." 
—Hist. Cathol., fol. 165. 

Dr. O'Conor, in the Memoirs of the Life and 
Writings of Charles 0^ Conor of Belanagare, pp. 
117, 118, has preserved a great part of the 
speech delivered by O'Donnell to his army on 
■ this occasion ; he has translated it from an Irish 
copy of the same, in the handwriting of his 
grandfather. It runs thus : 



" O'Donnell, impatient for the moment which, 
he was certain, would be decisive of the fate of 
his country, harangued his men in their native 
language ; ' he shewed them that the advantage 
of their situation, alone, gave them a decided 
superiority over their opponents. Moreover," 
added he, " were we even deprived of those ad- 
vantages I have enumerated, we should trust 
to the great dispenser of eternal justice, to the 
dreadful avenger of iniquity and oppression, the 
success of our just and righteous cause; he has 
already doomed to destruction those assassins 
who have butchered our wives and our child- 
ren, plundered us of our properties, set fire to 
our habitations, demolished our churches and 
monasteries, and changed the face of Ireland 
into a wild, uncultivated desert. On this day, 
more particularly, I trust to heaven for pro- 
tection ; a day dedicated to the greatest of all 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2129 

should pass the difficult part of the mountain, and [he told them] that he him- 
self and the other division would come in contact with them at a plape where 
he was sure of vanquishing them, for [he knew] that they could be more easily 
defeated in the end, should they be first wounded by them [his first division]. 

O'Donnell had kept watchmen every successive day on the summit" of the 
mountain, that the army of the foreigners might not cross it unnoticed. On 
this day the party of them who were there began to reconnoitre the monastery, 
and the troops that were in it. While they were thus reconnoitring, they per- 
ceived the army taking their weapons, raising their standards, and sounding 
their trumpet and other martial instruments. They sent the news speedily to 
O'Donnell. When he heard it, he commanded the troops whom he had ap- 
pointed to take the van in the pass to march rapidly, to engage the English 
before they could pass the rugged parts of the flat mountain. They marched 
as they were commanded, each with the magnanimity and high spirit of a hero ; 
and they quickly reached the summit of the mountain, before the Enghsh. 
O'Donnell set out after them, steadily and with a slow pace, with the steady 
troops and faithful heroes whom he had selected to accompany him ; [and they 
marched] until they arrived at the place by which they were certain the English 
would pass ; and there they awaited their coming up'. 

saints, whom these enemies, contrary to all of O'Donnell, and the defender of his country, 

religion, endeavour to vilify; a day on which The congregations shall make way for him at 

we have purified our consciences to defend ho- the altar, saying, 'that hero fought at the battle 

nestly the cause of justice against men whose of Dunaveeragh.' " 

hands are reeking with blood, and who, not The speech put into the mouth of O'Donnell, 

content with driving us from our native plains, by P. O'SuUevan, is far inferior to this, and it 

come to hunt us, like wild beasts, into the is to be suspected that Dr. O'Conor has im- 

mountains of Dunaveeragh. But what ! I see proved upon the original. O'SuUevan has these 

you have not patience to hear a word more ! words in his Hist. Cathol. Iber. Compend., tom. 3, 

Brave Irishmen! you burn for revenge. Scorn- lib 5, ex. : 

ing the advantage of this impregnable situa- " Marise Deipara; Virginis sacrosanctse ope 

tion, let us rush down and shew the world, hostem Hereticum cum antea semper viciraus, 

that, guided by the lord of life and death, we tum hodie potissimum profligabimus Virginis 

exterminated those oppressors of the human nomine heri ieiunauimus, & hodiernum festum 

race; he who falls will fall gloriously, fighting celebramus. Ergo eodem nomine fortiter, & 

for justice, for liberty, and for his country; animose cum Virginis hostibus pugnemus, & 

his name will be remembered while there is an victoriam obtinebimus." — Fol. 165, 166. 
Irishman on the face of the earth ; and he who According to Cucogry O'Clery, O'Donnell 

survives will be pointed at as the companion spoke much better to the purpose than either 

12 p 



2130 aNwa^a Rioshachca emeaNN. [1599. 

Dala an cploij pemceccaib po hopoaijeao ipin copach, jabairc ace 
apcciiam na conai|ie hi ccom6ail na ccac neaccpann 50 mbarcap iicc pp) 
hucc. O po compoiccpijpioc Dm poile, K)o peillccirc na gaoiDil ppoppa pui- 
leaea pocaib Dpojaoaib alccaerha umnpionn -[ paice paijfrc ppuibgep a 
pio6bacaib pooa pfiomnfpcmapa, -\ cappaipcfca caop ccpomfpcc, 1 ubaill- 
meall lainofpcc luai6e a gonnabaib cfipc Di'pge caolpabaipc. Ro ppeccpab 
na ppojppoiubpaicce pin la hoccbaiO Sa;ron 50 cclop a ppumanna, ■] a pppea- 
ccopco,-} a ppojapcopann 1 ppoicpib, 1 ppiobbaDaib, 1 ccaipciallaib,"] i cciirii- 
Doijcib cloc na ccpfoc ccompoccup. ba maccnao mop na Diccpiovp aep 
uipmfca ■) apaoa pop Dpeimne -| oappacr la coiprecc ppipp na caipmfpcaib 
caro, ppi mac alia, "| ppi copmdn an rpenoiubpaiccce. T?o cpeccnai^fo 
cupaiD,") po loicfo laocpaib aoiu ~\ anall fcoppa. Qc bfpcpac a ccoipij cpooa 
"] a naipij lomjona ppi mumnrip ui 6omnaill gan aipipiumh pop loncaib na 
nallmupach, ace a ccacmang, 1 a rcimcellab ima ccuaipc. Capooam po 
laopac lompa oa jac Ific peib ac pubpaD ppiu, -] jabaic aja nDiubpaccab 50 
Dian, ofinmnfDac, Dicomnipcill 50 po Inipioc a nficfoa cara mncib ap mfoon 
la olup 1 Gfme na oeabca. C16 pil ann cpd, ace po Dflpi^pioc na 501II po 
6e6i6 a nopomanna 00 cpempfpaibh an cuaipcipc, 1 po ppaomfb lap an 
uachab popp na hilcenaib. 5a hainiapmapcac po coipneab 501II cap a naip 
00 paijib an lonaiD innill o ccubcacrap. Ro baf Do rmnfnup ceichib poppa 
CO na po pill neach uabaib rap a aip pop caem no pop capaicc,-] co na pfoa- 
ccap an beo pa an mapb po baf aen 01a po paccaibpioc ina nDiuiD lap 
crabaipr cuil Doib Dia mbiobbabaib. Ri repndipfb Dna cib pgeolanga Diob 
TtitinbaD uaice a naepa aiplij barap ina Ifnmain, ap nf po cumainjpioc aip- 
leac an neic no peDpaiccip la IfpDachc 1 la lionmaipe na pocaibe bacnp 

of these writers liave told us. He addressed Lis bound with hempen cords." 
people in aloud and majestic voice; he exhorted Fynes Morjson, who passes over this battle 
them to put their trust in the Trinity, as they very lightly, says that the English lost only some 
were on the side of truth and justice, while the 120 men, among whom was the Governor of Cou- 
Eoglish were on the side of falsehood and in- naught. Sir Conyers CliiFord, and a worthy cap- 
justice, robbing them of their patrimonies and tain. Sir Alexander RadclifF. But P. O'Sulle- 
their means of support. " Fight bravely now, van Beare asserts (tibi supra), that 1,400 of the 
while you have your bodies at liberty and your royalists, or Queen's forces, perished, 
weapons in your hands, for if you lose this day's "Perierunt ex regijs cum ClifFordo prsefecto, 
battle, you shall be deprived of your arms, and & Henrico Ratcliffo alio nobili Anglo, mille, & 
your bodies sliall be confined in dungeons and quadringenti, qui fere Angli, & Midhienses An- 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2131 

As for the advanced division, which was commanded to take the van, they 
])roceeded on their way towards the battalions of the foreigners until they met 
them breast to breast. As they approached each other the Irish discharged at 
them [the enemy] terrible showers of beautiful ash-handled javelins, and 
swarms of sharp arrows, [discharged] from long and strong elastic bows, and 
volleys of red flashing flames, and of hot leaden balls, from perfectly straight 
and straight-shooting guns. These volleys were responded to by the soldiers 
of England, so that their reports, responses, and thundering noise were heard 
throughout the woods, the forests, the castles, and the stone buildings of the 
neighbouring territories. It was a great wonder that the timid and the ser- 
vants did not run panic-stricken* and mad by listening to the blasts of the 
martial music, the loud report of the mighty firing, and the responses of the 
echoes. Champions were wounded and heroes were hacked between them on 
the one side and the other. Their battle leaders and captains commanded 
O'Donnell's people not to stand fronting the foreigners, but to surround and 
encircle them round about Upon which they closed around them on every 
side, as they were commanded, and they proceeded to fire on them vehemently, 
rapidly, and unsparingly; so that they drove the wings of their army into their 
centre by the pressure and vehemence of the conflict. Howbeit, the English 
at last turned their backs to the mighty men of the north, and the few routed 
the many ! The English were furiously driven back to the fortified place 
from which they had set out ; and such was the precipitateness of their flight, 
after they had once turned their backs to their enemies, that no one of them 
looked behind for relative or friend, and that they did not know whether any 
of those left behind were living or dead. Not one of the fugitives could have 
escaped, were it not that their pursuers and slayers were so few in number, for 
they were not able to cut down those in their power, so numerous and vast was 
the number of them who were flying before them. They did not, however, 

gloibeni erant : nam Connachti propter locorum fordi nece diuulgata Navalis classe Galueam re- 

peritiam facilius sunt dapsL Ex Catholicis uehitur. Oconchur. aese Odonelli arbitrio per- 

centum quadraginta fuerant vulnerati & deside- mittens ab eo in integrum Sligachse principatum 

rati. Capta sunt regiorum omnia fere arma, restituitur alijs donis cumulatus, & sacramento 

signa, & tympana militaria, impedimenta, & rogatusipsideincepsinProtestanteforeauxilio." 
multffi Testes. Onellus, qui Odonello auxilio « Panic stricken. — See Battle of Magh Bath, 

veniebat, duonim dierum itinere aberat Clif- p. 231, line 22. 

12 p 2 



2132 aNNQca Rioshachca eiReawN. [1599. 

1 paen pfmpa. Qp a aof nf po anpac oia ccojpaim co panjacap inonn cap 
mupaib na mainiprpec apa ccubcaccap pia pm. 

Oo pala O puaipc an can pin alia noip Don coipppliab illonjpopc pop 
Ific. Uinjeallab pi6e oUa Dorhnaill bfic 1 noipcill na ngall oia ppuabaipc a 
ccuma caic cecib can ban a6ailcc. Oc cualaij pi6e buipfb bficfo na ccpom- 
pa6, -\ na ccdpup, cpomcopann, "] calarhcurhpccujhab an cpfinoiubpaicre 
acpacc ap a lonjpopc co na laocpaib laip, "| cuapjaibpioc a nioDna cafa 
poppa, 1 nf po anpac tua pfimim 50 pangacap jup an maijin i mbacap muinn- 
cip Ui Domnaill aj gniom an lomaipicc. ^^^'^"^^r^"'^ ^5 clommfo, 1 ace 
Diubpaccab na ccupab a ccuma cdic, 50 po paccbab lolap cfno -] pobb lap na 
pfinofbaib. Ro mapbab an jobepnoip Sip conepp clipopc 50 Ifon Dfpfme iiime 
no 8ha;ranchaib, -\ ofipeannchaib -] pobab ^ nupcopacna hiopjaile po papcc- 
bab paen ina lije popp an pleib, "] e bfo ^aofce, -[ ba bainppiop do na 
hoccaib cm po jon ceccup, ace nam d ba peilep Do coib cpfirhic, -] ni capD- 
pac an oicc aicne paip 50 ccoppachc 6 puaipc po ofoib gup in aipm i mbaoi 
-| DO bCpc aicne paip jup bo he an gobepnoip bai ann, -] po popcongaip a 
bicfnDab. Do ponab lapam gup bo carhan cfpcc jfppfa lap mbfm a chinn De. 

ba mop an cecc an ci copcaip annpin, 6a Doilij miDiac Dimipc paip. Nip 
bo pdirh la jaoibelaib coiccib mfDba a eccpom, uaip ba pfp ciobnaicfe pen, 
-| maome Doib e, -| ni eibpfoh gaoi ppiu. Ni Daoin Ifich do jabab lap ar) 
njobepnoip ap in ngleocpoiD pin, uaip puccab a copp Da abnacal 50 hoilen 
na cpinoicce pop loch ce 1 mbapuncacc maije luipcc hi cconncae Roppa 
comain, "] puccab a cfnD laparh 50 cul maoi'le i mbapuncachc cfpe hoilella hi 
cconncae pliccigh. 

lap ccepnarh Doep an mabma gup in mainipcip lompai'D mumncip Ui bom- 
naill ina pppicinj 50 ccfnDoib, 1 50 pponbaib a mbi'obbab leo -| ciacchaicc 
Dia pccopaio 50 ppaoilce moip, -) 50 pubai^e, -| cuccpac alcuccab buiDe a 
ccopccaip Don coimoe, 1 Don ni naem muipe. 6a pfoh aon jlop na pocaibe, 
nac a mope lomjona po ppaomeab pop no jnllaib, ace cpia rhiopbuilib an 

^ To fire on them, literally, " to sword and to mountain. A small octagonal tower was built 

shoot the champions like all." to mark the spot by the King [Lorton] family, 

' Stretched on the mountain — The spot where but this is now nearly destroyed. 
Clifford was killed is still pointed out near the J A ball. — According to P. O'SiiUevan Beare, 

old road called Bealach-Buidhe, in the toAvn- and the account of this battle iu note ', p. 2134, 

land of Garroo, on the slope of the Coirrshliabh infra, Sir Conyers Clifford was pierced through 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2133 

desist from pursuing them until they [the English] got inside the walls of the 
monastery from which they had previously set out. 

O'Rourke was at this time in a separate camp on the eastern side of Coirr- 
shliabh. He had promised O'Donnell that he would be ready to attack the 
English like the rest, whenever it would be necessary; [and] when he heard the 
sound of the trumpets and tabors, and the loud and earth-shaking reports of 
the mighty firing, he rose up from his camp with his heroes, who put on their 
arms ; and they made no delay, till they arrived at the place where O'Donnell's 
people were engaged in the conflict. They proceeded, like the others, to cut 
down champions with their swords, and fire on them" [with their guns, ani'ows, 
and javelins], until the soldiers left behind many heads and weapons. The 
Governor, Sir Conyers CUfFord, was slain, together with a countless number of 
English and Irish about him. He was left feebly stretched on the mountain", 
mortally wounded in the commencement of the conflict. It was not known to 
the soldiers who first wounded him (nothing was known about his death, ex- 
cept only that it was a ball' that passed through him), and the soldiers did not 
recognise him, until O'Rourke at last came up to the place where he was, and 
recognised that it was the Governor that was there. He ordered him to be 
beheaded, which being done, his body was left a mutilated trunk. The death 
of the person here slain was much lamented. It was grievous that he came to 
this tragic end. The Irish of the province of Meave [Connaught] were not 
pleased at his death ; for he had been a bestower of jewels and riches upon 
them ; and he had never told them a falsehood. The Governor passed not in 
one direction from this battle ; for his body was conveyed to be interred in the 
Island of the Blessed Trinity in Lough Key, in the barony of Moylurg", in the 
county of Roscommon, and his head was carried to Cul-Maoile, in the barony 
of Tirerrill, in the county of Sligo. 

When the routed party had escaped into the monastery, O'Donnell's people 
returned back with the heads and arms of their enemies, and proceeded to 
their tents with great exultation and gladness ; and they returned thanks to 
God and the Blessed [Virgin] Mary for their victory. The unanimous voice 
of the troops was, that it was not by force of arms they had defeated the Eng- 



the body with a pike. Boyle, in the north-west of the county of Ros- 

Barony of Moylurg, now the barony of common. 



k 



2134 



aHNQca Riosbachca eiReawN. 



[1599. 



cOTTirtbean, -| cpe (bapgunDe ui DorhnatU co na floj, rap rcocairfrh jlanpuine 
cuipp cpiopc 1 a pola do i nupcopac an laoi hip™ niDeaohaiD an cpoipccre 
po aoin DO naerh mntpe an la piarh. 

Imcupa na ngall tap ppilleoD uabaib do inuimicip Uf DorhnaiU po Ificcpfr 
hi ccfno cpeoa go tinnepnac an rhfiD po maip Diob 50 panjaccctp Dia ccigib 
po rhela, *] rriebail. 



' Sorrow and disgrace The accounts given of 

this battle by Camden and Moryson are refy 
unsatisfactory, and the prejudiced historian 
Cox, tmd even Leland, have made very light of 
it. Tnese writers do not appear to have known 
that any of O'Donnell's forces were in this en- 
gagement. The best Irish account of this bat- 
tle- is that given in the Life of Hugh O'Donnell, 
by Cucogry O'Clery, of which the account in 
the text is an abstract. The most minute and 
satisfactory English account of it was written 
fcy John Dymmok, who was in Ireland at the 
time, and who wrote this account as he "hard 
it related." This, which was edited for the 
Irish Archseological Society, in 1843, by the 
Kev. Richard Butler, is as follows : 

" A brkf Relation of the Defeat in the Corhus, 
the 15 of August, 1599. 

"S'. Conyers Clifford, governor of Connaght, 
going to the releefe of O'Connor Sligo, with 1 900 
men, vnder 25 ensignes, and about 200 English 
and Irish horse, came to the entrance of the Cor- 
leUS, the moste dangerous passage in Connaught 
the 15 of August, about 4 a clocke in the after- 
noone, being then highe tyme to lodge his men 
after a paynefuU jorney, where understand- 
ing that the rebells had not possessed that pas- 
sage, he resolved to march thorow the same 
night; whereupon putting his troops in order, 
the vanguard was conducted by S^ Alexander 
Ratcllff; the Lord of Dunkellin sonne to the 
erle of Cknricchard followed with the battell; 
and S'. Arthure Savadg brought up the reare 
guarde. The horse (where also the baggage 
was left,) had directions to stand betweene the 



abbey of Boyle, and the entrance into the pas- 
sage, under the commaund of 8'. Griffin Mark- 
ham,, until the same should be freed by the foote 
about a quarter of a myle from the mowth of 
the passage, had the rebells traversed the same 
with a barri[ca]do with doble flancks, in which 
and in other places of advantage thereabouts 
were lodged about 400 of them, contrary to that 
which was advertised to the governor. They 
which possessed the barricadoes, at the ap- 
proach of our vantguard, delivered a small 
volly of shott upon them, abandoninge the 
same allmoste without any force, which the 
governor possessing, made yt passable by open- 
yng the midst, and placed guardes upon the 
same, appoyntinge to the angle of the sinister 
flancke Rogers, lieutenant to S'. Hen. Carye, 
to the angle of y^ Dexter flancke, Rafe Con- 
stable (a gentleman very esteemed to the go- 
vernor for his vertu) and not much distant 
from him upon the same flancke, Capt. Water 
Fludd, and Capt. Windsore gevinge to them 
40 men a piece, with comaundement that they 
should not abandon their places untill they 
heard further from himself. Thinges being 
thus ordered, the vantguard, followed by the 
batle and rearguard, advanced in short tyme 
by a narrow waye betwixt 2 large boggs to 
tlie side of a woode half a myle broade, through 
which lyeth a highe waye so broade as y t geveth 
liberty for 12 men to march in front, the same 
rysinge equally and gently untill y' have passed 
the woode where yt is caryed upon the syde of 
a high hill, which yt leaveth on the left hand 
and y* hill and grownde adjoyninge being 



1599] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2J35 



lish, but througli the miracles of the Lor<l, at tlje mtefc.es$ion of O'Donnell 
an(J his army, after having received the pure mystery of the body and bloo4 
of Christ in the moming, and after tjie fast which he had kept in honour c(f 
thie Blessed [Virgin] Mary on the day before. 

As for the English, after O'Donnell's people had departed, they took to 
the road expeditiously, such of thenj as survived, m^ arrived at their iiome^ in 
sorrow and disgrace'. 



a mayne bogg, vpon the right hand lyeth a 
thicke woode not more than muskett shott 
frcw the same, in ^her grf which places, al- 
though the rebell from their contynuall prac- 
tiz, have exceeding advantage of our men, yet 
have they more advantage upon the bogge, 
•which they well knowinge made at this tyme 
choice thereof, and even thither w«re followed 
by S' Alex. Ratcliff, who although he were in 
the beginninge of the skirmish shott in the face, 
yet he ever contynewed to spend all his powder 
upon them; and no suppiy coming unto him, 
prepared to charge tliem with a small number 
of such choice pikes as would either voluntary- 
lie follow him or were by him called forth by 
name from the body of the vantguard ; but be- 
fore he could come to joyne with them, he had 
the use of a legg taken from him with the 
stroake of a bullet, by which ill fortune he was 
•forced to retyre, su&teyned upon the armes of 
2 gentlemen, one of which receivinge the lyke 
hurte, died in the place, as did also himselfe, 
soone after, being shott throughe the boddy 
with a bullet. There was with Sir Alex: Rat- 
cliff in the head of the vantguard Capt. Henry 
Cozbye, whome at his goinge to cliardge he in- 
vited to accompany him; and perceivynge him 
slacke, ' well, Cozsby,' said he, ' I see 1 must 
leave thee to thy basenes, but I must tell the 
before my departure, that yt were much better 
for the to dye in my company by the hands of 
thy countrymen, then at my returne to perish 
by my sworde ;' but Cosby, which is the gene- 
rail disposition of all tru cowards, yeckling to 



have the terme of his lyfe a wiiile deferred 
upon any condition, stood fyrme with at least 
a third parte of the vantguard, untill he see 
the adversyty of this noble knight, when by 
example of his turninge heade the vanguarde 
fled in such route, that yt discomfited the 
batle, with y* sight of which (not abiding any 
impression), wag broken tlie rearguard, th^ 
whole forces being almost without any enemyes 
force in a moment put all in confusion, which 
disorder the governor endeavouringe (but im 
vaine) to reforme, whileat he had any strengtli 
left in him, was after much fruitless trav.eU, 
susteyned breathless ujion the armes of S' John 
mac Swine and Capt. Olyver Burke's lieutenant, 
who perceiviflge the dis'ordered fligiit of tlie 
whole army (disparing to save their lyves by 
other TOWneB) perswaded him to retyre him- 
selfe with them; when he reproovinge the 
baseness <^' his men, replyed Bomane lyke, that 
he woujd ppt pveflyve that dales ignpmynye. 
But tlijat ftffpction which moved S' John Mc. 
Swyne to vse intreatyes, perswaded him now 
to practiz force, by which they cairyed him 
from the purse wing rebells some few paces, 
wliei* enraged with a consideration of the 
vildeuess af bis men whiph he often repeated, 
brake from them in a fury, and turning head 
alone, alone made head to tlie whole troopes of 
pursewers, in the midst of whome, aftver he was 
stroake through the body with a pyke, he dy^d 
fighting, consecrating by an admjTable resolu- 
oion, the memory of his name to imortftUitye, 
and leaving the I'sample of his vortu to be in- 



2136 aNNQca Rioghachca eiReaHN. [1599. 

poppaijicc muinncip Uf bomhriaill ina bpuiplib in ajhaib pin, 1 po 
abnaicpioc an mfiD po niapbab uabaib, -| oc cualaccap poan Do na jal- 
laib pop cculaib ciajaic 50 caiplen cula maoile aipm 1 ppapccaibpioc an 
lompuiDe pop Ua cconcobaip. Or cualaij^ 6 concobaip an carpaeinfo pin 
coipppleibe pop Sip conepp clipopc 1 a cuicim ann, pa Di'cpfiDmeach laip 
innpin 50 po raipelbab cfnn an gobepnopa Do. Oc connaipc piurh an cfno po 
bfn ceill Dia corhpupcacc ap an capcaip 1 nibaof, -] appf6 do pinne cecc pop 
eineach Uf tiorhnaill -\ a oijhpiap Do rabaipr Do. 6a Dagaiple Doporh on, 
oip DO paD 6 DorhnaiU eipium 1 ppoplarhup 1 hi ccfnoup a cpiche, ■] do pio6- 
nacc apccaDa lorhba Deocaib, Dinnilib, -\ Da gac naDailcce apcfna do 50 pop 
aicrpeab a rip lap pin. 

Uepoicc nalong Dna oc cuap DopiDe ppaomeaD pop ra sallaibh,-] cuicim 
an ■^obepnopa, -| o concobaip Do cabaipc ap in caipnall amail po aipnfiD- 
piotn, ba pfb po chmnpium occa gan ppirbfpc ppi hUa nDorhnaill ni ba pi'pi, 
1 po naiDin a capaccpaD pip lapcain, -] po cfnaigh Ua DorhnaiU Don loinjfp 
peinpaice lompuoh pop a cculaib gup an nsaiUimh DopiDh'pe. 

Oaoine uaiple do rhar^arhnachaib a hoipjjialloib 50 cceD Do paijDiuipib 
amaille ppiu do bfic ap popccaD 05 Ua ccfpbaiU .1. 05 an ccalbac, mac 
uilliam uiDip mic pipjanainm, 1 neappac nabliabna po, -| a nionam a ccuapiip- 
rail DO eipnfo Doib Do DeachaiD 6 cfpbaiU co na muinncip ipm oiDce Dia 

tytuled by all honorable posterities. There died his chardge the smaller bone of his right arme 

lykewyseGodredTirwhit, brother to Mr. Robert broken with the stroake ofabullett, and that 

Tyrwhit of Ketleby, in Lyconshire, fighting by which addeth moste to the commendation of his 

the syde of S' Alex. Ratoliif, of whome cannot chardge is, that it was presented upon the nar- 

be sayde lesse, then that he hath left behinde row waye between the two boggs before men- 

him an eternall testemony of the noblenes of cioned, and forced with the iosse of some both 

spiritt, which he dery ved from an honorable fa- men and horses into the bogg vpon the right 

raylye. But these went not alone, for they hand, where the rebells followed eagerly the 

were accompanied to the gates of death by dy- execution of our men, untill the feare they ap- 

vers worthy, both lieutenants and ensignes, prehended vpon the sight of our horses, caused 

who were followed, (for that they were not fol- them to stay their pursuite and to thinke upon 

lowed by them to fight) by 200 base and cow- their owne safetye. 

ardlye raskalls. The rest which els had all " This defeat was geven by O'Rvrke, and mac 

perished were saved by the vertu of S' Grifiin Dermon O'Donnell being there, but came not 

Markham, who chardginge the pursewers in to fight, to whome the governors head was sent 

the head of my Lo: Southamptons troope gave that night for a present; his bodye was eon- 

aecuritie to this ignominious flight having in veyed to a monastery not far from thence, as 



1599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2137 

O'Donnell's people remained that night in their tents, and interred all 
those that were slain of their people ; and when they heard that the English 
had returned home, they proceeded to the castle of Cul-Maoile, in which they 
had left O'Conor blockaded. When O'Conor had heard of the victory of the 
Curlieus, gained over Sir Conyers Clifford, and of his fall there, he did not 
believe it until the Governor's head was exhibited to him. When he saw the 
head he gave up the hope of being released from the prison in which he was, 
and what he did was to come forth on the mercy of O'Donnell, and to make full 
submission to him. This was a good resolution for him ; for O'Donnell placed 
him in the full power and chieftainship of his territory, and made him many 
presents of horses, cattle, and all other necessaries ; so that O'Conor then 

settled in his territory. 

When Theobald-na-Long was informed that the English had been defeated 
and the Governor slain, and that O'Conor had been let out of the castle, as we 
have related, the resolution he came to was, not to oppose O'Donnell any 
longer. He afterwards confirmed his friendship with him ; and O'Donnell 
permitted the aforesaid fleet to go [sail] back again to Galway. 

Some gentlemen of the Mac Mahons of Oriel, with one hundred soldiers, 
were hired by O'Carroll (Calvagh, the son of WiUiam Odhar, son of Ferga- 
nainm), in the spring of this year; and at the time that th^ir wages should be 
given them, O'Carroll with his people went to them by night and slew them 

appeareth by mac Dermons letter to the consta- 1599 : interim pone bonum linteamen ad pre- 

ble of Boyle, which is censured by S^ John dictum corpus, et si velitis sepelire omnes alios 

Harrington (from whom I received a coppy of nobiles, non impediam vas erga eos. 
yt) to be barbarous for the Latyn but cyvill for " ' Mac Dermon.' 

the sence. For confirmacion of whose judgment " By this lettre is too truly interpreted a 

the letter yt selfe is contented by my hand for troublesome dreame of the governors, which he 

justyficatlon of his barbarisme to appeare be- had about a yeare before this defeat, when, 

fore as many as will vouchsafe to read yt. being wakened by his wife out of an unquiet 

" ' Conestabulario de Boyle salutem : Scias sleepe, he recounted unto her that he thought 

quod ego traduxi corpus gubernatoris ad mo- himselfe to have beene taken prisoner by O'Don- 

nasteriu Sanctse Trinitatis propter ejus di- ell, and that certen religious men (of compas- 

lectionem, et alia de causa, si velitis mihi re- sion) conveied him into their monastery where 

dire meos captiuos ex prsedicto corpore, quod they concealed him and so indeed as he dreamed 

paratus sum ad conferendum vobis ipsum ; or rather prophesied the monastery hath his 

alias, sepultus erit honeste in pra:dicto monas- boddye, the worlde his fame, and his frends the 

terio et sic vale, scriptu apud Gay wash 15 Aug. want of his vertu." 

12 Q 



2138 



awNata Rioghachca eiReawN. 



[1599. 



y^aijib 50 ]\o Tna|iba6 laiy> mo ap a noepjabaib cooalca, ") ina cnjib cjpoa. 
l?o c)iocha6 ciob ajiaill Diobh ip na cpannoib ha coirhnff^a Do, ac nama cfpna 
lucr baile Diob a|^p DairfiDeoin ui cfpbaill. 

lap mapbab Ppepioenr Da coicceaD muTTian,"] jobepnopa coicciD connacc 
amail po aipnfi&piom ma nionaDaib corhaDaip, do DeachaiD lapla op eppejc, 
-| O neill .1. Q06 mac pipDopca, mic cumn bacaij hi ccoinne -] bi ccombdil 
pe poile ip na ceDlainb Do mip Seprembep, -\ ba be cpioc a ccoinne pic do 
naiDm fcoppa 50 cfnn oa rhi'op, -\ a pann pfin Do jallaib, -] do jaoiDelaib do 
bfic ag gacb aon aca in aipfec pin. O l?o piobaigb lapla opp eppe;c ppi 
hUa neill an rncc pm Do cuaiD 50 baile Qca cliac, "] nip bo cian po aipip 
ann an ran Do beachaib 50 Sapcoib lap Sracd piojoa po caipbfin arhail ap 
onopaiji po caippfm Sa;)ranac piarfi m Gpmn. T?o pdccaib Gpe gan pich gan 
puairnhnTp, jan lupcip, jan jobepnoip, jan PpepiDenp, acr arhdm lomchoirfifcc 



'"A conference. — Camden, Dymmok, and Mory- 
son have given a curious account of this con- 
ference, which took place at Ballyclinch, now 
Anaghclart Bridge, on the River Lagan, be- 
tween the counties of Louth and Monaghan, 
near the chief town of the county of Louth. 
These writers assert that Tyrone made humble 
submission to the Lord Deputy on this occa- 
sion. But this statement cannot be true, for 
O'Neill's demands, on this occasion, were not 
those of a submissive suppliant, but of a pow- 
erful chief ; for among the demands which he 
required to be transmitted to the Queen were, 
that the Catholic worship should be tolerated ; 
that the principal oiScers of state and the 
j udges should be natives of Ireland ; that O'Neill, 
O'Donnell, Desmond [i. e. the Desmond created 
by the Prince of Ulster 1], should enjoy the lands 
possessed by their ancestors for the last two 
hundred years, and that one-half of the army 
in Ireland should consist of natives. 

Camden's account of the meeting between 
tliese two grandees of toweriiag ambition is ex- 
ceedingly interesting, and sufficiently minute 
for all historical purposes. It runs as follows : 



" Interim in Anglia supplementum, quod Pro- 
rex petiit, conscribitur, & mittitur; verum pau- 
culis interjectis diebus, aliis Uteris edocuit, se 
nihil aliud hoc anno amplius prsestare posse, 
quam cum MCCC peditibus & CCC equitibus 
VltoniaB limites adire. Quo cum pervenisset, 
Tir-Oenius se cum suis in collibus e longinquo 
uno & altero die ostendit, demumque per Haga- 
num" [O'Haganejus ministrum], "colloquium 
cum Prorege orat. lUe abnuit : sin Tir-Oenius 
hoc vellet, die crastino ante principia in acie 
coUoqui posse, respondet. Quo die levi facta 
velitatione, eques e Tir-Oenii turmis alta voce 
exclamat, Comitem pugnare nolle, sed cum Pro- 
rege colloqui velle, at nullo modo inter acies. 

" Die insequente Proregi agminatim pergenti 
Haganus obvius nuntiat, Tir-Oenium miseri- 
cordiam Eegina; & pacem exposcere, &, ut tan- 
tisper exaudiatur, obsecrare ; quod si conce- 
deret, ilium cum omni observantia ad vicini 
fluminis vadimi {Bulla Clinch vocant) expecta- 
turum, baud procul a Loutho primario Comita- 
tur oppido. Eo Prorex quosdam prajmisit qui 
locum explorarent: illi Tir-Oenium ad vadum 
ofFendunt : qui docet quamvis flumen intumuis- 



1599.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2139 



on their beds, and in their lodging houses. He hanged some of them from the 
neai'est trees. The party of one village, however, made their escape in despite 
of O'CarrolL 

After the killing of the President of the two provinces of Munster, and of 
the Governor of Connaught, as we have related in their proper places, the 
Earl of Essex and O'Neill (Hugh, the son of Ferdorcha, son of Con Bacagh) 
came to a conference" in the first days of the month of September, and the 
end of their conference was, that a peace was ratified between them till the 
end of two months, during which time each of them was to have his own part 
of the English and Irish. When the Earl of Essex had concluded a peace with 
O'Neill at this time, he proceeded to Dublin, and he remained not long there 
when he went to England, after having displayed a regal pomp the most 
splendid that any Englishman had ever exhibited in Ireland. He left Ireland 
without peace or tranquillity, without Lord Justice, Governor, or President, 



set, facile utrinque exaudiri posse. Hinc Pro- 
rex, tunna equitum in proximo colle disposita, 
solus descendit; Tir-Oenius equo ventre tenus 
in aquas immisso Proregem in ripa magna ob- 
servantia salutat, et multis ultro citroque ver- 
bis, sine arbitris hahitis, fere hora est consumpta. 
Post unam & alteram horam Conus filius Tir- 
Oenii nothus Proregem subsequutus, patris no- 
mine obsecrat ut alterum haberetur colloquium 
ad quod primarii aliquot viri utrinque admitte- 
rentur. Assensit Prorex, modo non sint plures 
quam sex. Die praestituto Tir-Oenius, cum Cor- 
maco fratre, Mac-Gennyso, Mac-Guiro, Evero 
Mac-Cowley" [Mac-Mahon], " Henrico Oving- 
tono, & 0-Quino, ad vadum se ostendit. Ad 
eos Prorex cum Comite Southamptoniae, Geor- 
gio Bourchiero, "Warhamo S. Legero, Henrico 
Danversio, Edwardo Wingfeldo, & Gulielmo 
Constable, Equitibus Auratis, descendit. Quos 
singulos magno comitate Comes, & verbis non 
multis collatis, placuit, ut quidam Delegati die 
insequente de pace agerent. Inter quos conve- 
nit ut induciae ab ipso die in singulas sex sep- 
timanas, usque ad Calend. Mail haberentur ita 

12 



tamen ut utrinque liberum sit, post prtemoni- 
tionem quatuordecim ante dies lactam, bellum 
renovare. Quod si quis Comiti confoederatus 
assensum non prsebuerit, ilium Proregi prose- 
quendum relinqueret." — Annal.Reg.Elis., A. D. 
1599. 

Of Essex's journey to the north, on this oc- 
casion, two minute accounts have been printed. 
The first, which was sent by Essex himself, with 
a private letter, to the Queen, was printed in 
the Nugce Antiquae. The second was written by 
John Dymmok, supposed to have been in at- 
tendance upon Essex, and was printed in the 
second volume of Tracts relating to Ireland, for 
the Irish Archaeological Society. — See Shirley's 
Account of the Territory or Dominion of Famey, 
pp. 107, 109, where large extracts from Essex's 
own account of it are printed. 

The conference between O'Neill and Essex 
has been made the subject of a vignette design, 
by H. K. Browne, which has been engraved to 
illustrate the frontispiece to the fourth volume 
of Moore's History of Ireland. The subject has 
been also painted by I. E. Doyle. 
q2 



2140 awNata Rio^hachca eiTjeawN. [1599. 

cloibirh an pi^ 05 an chancelloup, 1 05 Sip Robepo ^apDinep. Ni' pfp cpa 
oaon ofipennchoib an do cecc cap a aip Do piDip, no an Danariiain coip 00 
c6i6 an cmpla a hepinn an can pm. 

ITIac rhec puibne bajainij .i. Dorhnall imac neill mfipgij do rhapboD le 
TTIaolmuipe, mac bpiam oicc, -] le hCtoD mbuiDe mac pippfoa mec puiBne 1 
laopibe ma nDfp do lopccaD a ccionaiD a mfjnioma la hUa nDomnaill pop 
mullach pice Cto6a hi ppiabnaipi cdic 1 ccoiccinne cpe coll a peacca. 

O cmneiDij pionn Uaicne mac Donnchaib oicc mic Qo6a mic amlaotb 

baile uf eachoac 1 nupmurham loccaip i cconncae chioppac dpann do ecc 

1 mi nouembep 1 6 cinneiccij do jaipm Don jiolla Dub ua cinneiDij. 

TTlaijiprip [O] nialldin Semup, mac Domnaill, mic aifilaoib, mic Donn- 
chaiD ui nialldm, pfp cijhe naoioeab coicchinn, -\ paof 1 neala6naib Do ecc 
1 mi occobep 1 mbaile ui aille 1 mbapuncacc chuinnche In cconncae an cldip. 

Caiplen na mainje Do jabail la hiapla Dfpmuman pa pamain na blia&na 
po ap mumncip na bampio^na, cpia aiDilge aipbfpca bic Do bfic pop an 
mbdpDa. 

Loch jaip beep do jabail lap an lapla ceDna pop muinncip na bain- 
piojna. 

Ua concobaip Sliccij DonnchaD mac cacail dice Do bfic 1 muinceapup,-] hi 
ccapacpab Ui Domnaill on aimpip m po mapbaD an ^obepnoip 50 DiuiD na 
po. 6a haicfppab ap jlan, -| ba coimm pia ccioc Dopom cocc ipin ccapacc- 
paDh pin 6 na puaipcinjeallcoib impijne eccapbaca, no geallca do 6 bliab- 
ain CO bliabain 50 pin. O po ba piapac Ua concobaip bUa Domnaill, Do 
paopiDe Dua concobaip Di'pime Do buaib, Do caiplib, "] Dd gac nfpnail cfcpa 
1 innile, Dapbap bfop, -\ Da jach naiDilje oile painicc a Ifp do aicpeb ~[ bo 

" For violating his law. — This is a repetition, ^ Baile- Ui- Aille, now Ballyally, a townland in 

nearly word for word, of an entry already given, the parish of Templemaley, barony of Upper 

p. 2092. Bunratty, and county of Clare See note ', 

" Baile- Ui-Eachdhach: i. e. O'Haugh's town, under the year 1559, p. 1571, supra. 

now Bally hough, a townland in the parish of '^ Loch-Gair, near the town of Bruff, in the 

Aglishcloghane, about four miles to the north- county of Limerick — See it already mentioned 

east of Burrisokeane, in the barony of Lower under the years 1516 and 1579. The strength 

Ormond, and county of Tipperary. An old of this place is described by Sir George Carew, 

castle stood in this townland till the 6th of about this period, as follows : 

January, 1839, when it was blown down by a "The four and twentieth" [of May, 1600], 

*''°''"i- " the Arraie encamped at tlie Brough" [BrufF], 



1.599] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2141 

excepting only that he delivered up the regal sword to the Lord Chancellor 
and to Sir Robert Gardiner. It was not known to any of the Irish at this time 
whether the Earl had gone to England to remain there or return back again. 

Mac Sweeny Banagh, i. e. Donnell, the son of Niall Meirgeach, was slain 
by Mulraurry, the son of Brian Oge, and Hugh Boy, the son of Ferfeadha Mac 
Sweeny ; and both these were hanged by O'Donnell, in the presence of all in 
general, on Mullach-Sithe-Aedha, for violating his law". 

O'Kennedy Finn (Owny, the son of Donough Oge, son of Hugh, son of 
Auliffe), of Baile-UiEachdhach°, in Lower Ormond, in the county of Tip- 
peraiy, died in the month of November, and Gilla-Duv O'Kennedy was then 
styled the O'Kennedy [Finn], 

Master O'Nialain (James, the son of Donnell, son of Auliffe, son of Donough 
O'Niallain), a man who kept an open house of hospitality, died in the month 
of October at Baile-Ui-Aille'', in the barony of Quin, in the county of Clare. 

About the 1st of November this year Castlemaine was taken by the Earl of 
Desmond from the Queen's people, in consequence of the warders wanting the 
necessary food. 

Loch-Gair'' was also taken by the same Earl from the Queen's people. 

O'Conor Sligo (Donough, the son of Cathal Oge) continued in friendship 
and amity with O'Donnell from the time that the Governor was slain to the 
end of this year. It was a change for the better, and a shelter for him, to come 
over to this friendship from the cold, slow, and unprofitable promises made 
him [by the English] from year to year. When O'Conor became obedient to 
O'Donnell, he gave O'Conor a countless deal of cows, horses, and every other 
description of herds and flocks, as also of corn and of other necessaries, to 

" where the President left a Warde, partly to the same. Hee found it to bee a place of e:;^- 

off'end the Rebels of Loghguire, three miles dis- ceeding strength, by reason that it was an Hand, 

taut from thence, and partly to open the way encompassed with a deep Lough, the breadth 

betwixt Kilmallocke and Limerick, which, for thereof being, in the narrowest place, a caliever's 

two yeares space, had been impassible for any shot over ; upon one side thereof standeth a very 

subject. The five and twentieth, the army pas- strong Castle, which, at this time, was manned 

sing neere Loghguire, which was as yet held by with a good Garrison, for there was within the 

the Rebels, the President, attended with a Troope Hand lohn Fitz-Thomas, with two hundred men 

i)f Horse, rode to take a particular view of the at the least, which shewed themselves prepared 

strength thereof, as also by what way he might to defend the place." — Pacata Ilibemia, book i. 

most conveniently bring the Cannon to annoy c. vi. 



« 

4 

2142 awNQta Rioghachca eiReawN. [i6(XJ. 

diciuccab a chfpe, lap na bfich ma papach gan lonacachc jan ainucchab 
ppi liacham imchfin 50 pin. 

Ua oomnaill 00 6ul Do pio&ucchab eicip cloinn uilliam ina nfpaoncci .1. 
eicip TTlac uilliam, ceboicr mac uaceip ciocaij, -] ceboirc na long mac l?ip- 
ofipD an mpainn 1 mfp oecembep. lap noenam a pio6a Do, Ro cpiall do doI 
hi ccloinn Riocaipo, dp a aof ni DeachaiD cap ua]ian mop ly^cec Don chup 
pin. baf cTopa haibce hi ccampa 1 niompoccup an rhachaipe piabai j, "| na 
gaillriie. Oo paDaD cpfch cuicce o Spaippe an baile moip 1 56 Do bai a 
orhan,"] a imfccla hi ccoiccmne aippibe co Ifim concculainn ni oCipjene nach 
nf ace ]^oa6 cap a aip Don cup pom 1 nulcaib. 

CoicceaD ula6 ma linn lam, ina copap cechc ") ina cuinn ceccle ipin 
mbliabain pi jan juaip caca na cpeice, gona, na gabdla poyipa a hencaoib 
Depinn ") a neccla poiti pop gac em cfp iDip. 

aOlS C1?10S[U], 1600. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Se ceo. 

Qn ciapla op eppe;r (.1. RobfpD) a Dubpamap do code 1 nepmn 1 mbelcaine 
na blia&na po Do cuaiD copainn, -] Do &0I hi 8a;raib po p^amain na bliabna 
ceDna. 6a haccopanac, imDfpcccac, piomach, popjjiuamDa an piabuccaD 
puaip 6 comaiple Sha;ran lap ccocc Do Dia paijiD. l?o cubab pjiip ceccup 
cldice, ■) cime a pojnarha Don bampiojam an ccfm baf 1 nepinn, -| na baf 
aibilcce nfic paip po bab lainn laip do cum coccaib 1 cacaijce. Qpaill ele 
Dna po cubab ppifp, a bol gan cfD jan ceilebpab Don comaiple coip no abup 
50 Sa;roib Don chup pin. lap na pab pm ppipp, ") lap ccop Dal niomba na Ifif 
Doib, po popcongab paip Deiliujab pe jach Dijnice, pe gac gaipm,-] pe jach 
onoip baof occa on mbainpfo jam, -| po pupailfb pop a aop lomcoirhfcca giall, 
1 eiDipe na cuipce, a congbdil aca bubfm 50 po pfoclafbfD pfpcc an ppionnpa 

' Gate The Spaippe is now pronounced Council, or without taking his leave of the 

f pappa, and still applied to a military gate, at latter." 

Athenry, Galway, and Limerick, as the Editor ' The sovereign's anger. — In Harington's Nugce 

has ascertained by inquiry among the old Irish Antique (printed in 1804), vol. i. p. .302, el seq., 

people dwelling in and near those towns. there is a very curious account of Essex's in- 

' Taking his leave of. — This should be : " with- sane conspiracy. Harington says, that as he 

out the permission of the English or Irish Privy knelt at her feet, and sought to excuse his 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2143 

replant and inhabit his territory, after it had been a wilderness, withoiit habi- 
tation or abode, for a long time till then. 

In the month of December O'Donnell went to make peace between the Mac 
Williams, i. e. between the Mac William (Theobald, the son of Walter Kittagh) 
and Theobald-na-Long, son of Richard-an-Iarainn. After having made peace 
between them, he set out to go into Clanrickard ; but, however, he did not pro- 
ceed beyond Oranmore on that occasion. He remained three nights encamped 
in the neighbourhood of Machaire-riabhach, and of Galway ; and a prey was 
brought to him from the very gate' of the great town ; and although a fear and 
dread of him was spread from thence to Leim-Chonchulainn, he achieved 
nothing further on this occasion, but returned into Ulster. 

In this year the province of Ulster was a still pool, a gentle spring, and a 
reposing wave, without the fear of battle or incursion, injury or attack, from any 
other part of Ireland ; while every other territory was in awe of them (i.e. of the 
people of Ulster). 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1600. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand six hundred. 

The Earl of Essex (i. e. Robert), of whom we have spoken in the preceding 
year as having arrived in Ireland in the month of May, and as having gone to 
England about the first of November, met with a repulsive, reproachful, sharp, 
and sullen reception from the Council of England, when he appeared before 
them. It was objected to him that his service for the Queen, while in 
Ireland, had been feeble and dastardly, while he wanted nothing which he 
deemed necessary for war or battle. Another thing objected to him was, his 
having come to England on that occasion without the permission of, or taking 
his leave of,' the English or Irish Council. After these were stated to him, and 
many other accusations were laid to his charge, he was commanded to relin- 
quish every dignity, title, and honour, which he held from the Queen ; and the 
keepers of the hostages and pledges of the court were ordered to detain him in 
their custody until the Sovereign's anger' against him should be appeased. 

unfortunate master, she catched at his girdle Harington a journal which he had been ordered 
and swore "by God's son, I am no Queen : that to keep of the transactions in Ireland ; and on 
man is above me." Then she demanded of reading it, she said fiercely: " By God's son ye 



2144 aNNaf.a Rio^hachca eiReawH. [igoo. 

ppiy. lap pin cpa po cmnfD leo airfppac oippiceach, 1 apmdla Do Ificcfn i 
nGpinn .1. Sip Seplup blunr Lopo mounciog ina lupcip, uaip ni baf lupcip 1 
nGpinn ppi pe do bliabain gup an can pin,-| Sip Sfoippi capp ina Ppepioenp op 
cfnD oa coicceab niuriian. Ro huUnnai^eaD cobloch i mbdcap lion bab lia 
olodc pe mile pfp napmac co na cconjaib cecra 00 rochc ap aon lap na 
hoippicceacaib pin 50 hepinn -| laopibe uile Do cocc Do liiuip, -| do ci'p 50 
coicceab ulab an cpainpir. 6a im peil paccpaicc Dna Do ponab na cinnre 
pin la corhaiple 8ha;:an. 

Ouine uopal Do ci5h iii concobaip Duinn .1. Diapmaic, mac an Dubctlcai^, 
mic cuacail, bai pibe hi ccfnDup ap Dpuing moip Do pai^oiuipib gaoibealacti 
bacap 1 nampaine ace lapla Dfpmurhan.ipin murham ppi pe na bliabna po anall. 
Oo caeo Diapmair 1 noeipeab na bliabna ceDna a cropac mip Decembep pop 
cuaipc 1 ccfnn Uf neill, -\ puaip pailce occa. lap ccpiocnuccab a ceilibe Do 
amail po bob lainn laip, po cfDaij DUa neill poab ina ppirinj a ccopac mip 
lanuapg na bliabna po,-] Dol ipin murham. Po popdil Ua neill paip a aipnOp 
ip na cfpib 1 paj;ab 50 mbaof pfin co na plojaib ina biuib Dpiop mibe, laigfn, 
muman, "| an caoibe ba t)Cip ofipinn, Dup cm Diob baf hi ccaipome no hi 
pppicbfpc ppipp. lap poccain Do Diapmaic co na Dponjbuibin 50 haencaib 
jaibelaij aiprfp murhan, l?o cpiall 1 naicgioppa gaca conaipe do bol 50 
hiapla Dfpmuman, -| Do bfpc a aghaiD ap uairnib,"] ap cloinn Uilliain bpuaich 
na Sionna. 

Oc cualaib bapun caiplein uf conainj PipofpD, mac cepoicc, mic uilliam, 
mic emainn a bupc, Diapmaic do rocc an Du pin, l?o cpuinnijh pibe -] a 

are all idle knaves and the Lord Deputy worse." nia; ductor Tir-Oenio intimus, & Essexio devo- 
During this foolish conspiracy was executed tus, qui eadem nocte, qua Essexius Consiliarios 
Captain Thomas Lee, who wrote, in the year adire recusaraverat, operam suam ad Essexium 
1594, "A brief Declaration of the Government intercipiendum aut perimendum obtulerat, Ro- 
of Ireland, opening many Corruptions in the berto Crosso ductori classiario, gloriosum esse, 
same, discovering the Discontentments of the innuit, si sex viri animosi Reginam simul adi- 
Irishry, and the Causes moving those expected rent, eamque vi adigerent, ut Essexium, South- 
Troubles." — See p. 1696, supra. Camden gives amptonium & reliquos, custodia emitteret. Hko 
the following account of his conduct and death mox Consialiariis Crossus detulit, Leaeusque 
in his Annal. Reg. Elis., A. D. 1601 : queesitus, primis tenebris juxta ostium sanc- 
" Die Februarii duodecimo Thom. Leseus, tioris cubiculi Regii deprehensus est, cogita- 
Henrici Leai Georgian! ordinis equitis praeclari bundus pallens, sudore diffluens, & saepius per- 
agnatus, notissimse audaciae, militum in Hiber- cunctans, an Regina jam coenatura, an consiliarii 



•1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2145 

After this they came to the resolution of sending a different officer to Ireland, 
with an army, namely. Sir Charles Blunt; Lord Mountjoy", as Lord Justice (for 
there had not been a Lord Justice in it for two years before that time); and Sir 
George Gary [Carew] , as President over the two provinces of Munster. There 
was a fleet fitted out, in which there was sent a force of upwards of six thousand^ 
armed men, with befitting warlike engines, to accompany these officers to Ireland; 
and all these were to proceed by sea to the province of Ulster in particular. 
These resolutions were made by the English Council about Patrick's Day. 

A gentleman of the house of O'Conor Don (Dermot, the sou of Dubhaltach, 
son of Tuathal) was in command over a large party of Irish soldiers who were 
in the service of the Earl of Desmond, in Munster, during the last year. This 
Dermot went, towards the end of the same year, in the beginning of the month 
of December, on a visit to O'Neill, and received welcome from him. Having 
finished his visit to his satisfaction, he asked permission of O'Neill to return 
back in the beginning of January in this year, and proceeded into Munster. 
O'Neill desired him to mention it in the territories through which he should 
pass, that he [O'Neill] himself, with his forces, was marching after him to visit 
Meath, Leinster, Munster, and the southern side of Ireland, to know which of 
them were in friendship and which in opposition to him. When Dermot 
arrived with his force among the Irish confederates of the east of Munster, 
[and told them that O'Neill was on his march to visit them], he proceeded by 
the shortest ways to go to the Earl of Desmond ; and he directed his course 
by Uaithne" and Clanwilliam'', on the borders of the Shannon. 

When the Baron of Castleconnell (Richard, the son of Theobald, son of 
William, son of Edmond Burke) heard of Dermot's arrival there, he and his 

adessent : inter haec captus & examinatus, pos- (1600). Sir George Carew staid at Dublin for 

tero die in judicium rap tus, ex testimonioCrossi some time to get his commission and instruc- 

& sua confessione damnatus, ad furcas Tiburnas tions, and to learn the state of the kingdom, 

trahitur : ubi confessus, se hominem fuisse no- and on the 7th of April, 1600, went to his pro- 

centissimum, in hac autem causa innocentem : vince. — See Pacata Hibernia, book i. chap. 1. 

& nihil contra Reginam vel cogitasse protestatus, " Uaithne, now Owny, forming two baronies, 

supplicio afficitur. Et pro temporum ratione one in the county of Limerick, and the other in 

salutaris haec visa est severitas." that of Tipperary. — See note ", p. 979, supra. 

" Lord Mounfjoy, ^c — They landed at the ^ Clanwilliavi, a barony in the north-east of 

hill of Howth on the 24th of February, 1599 the county of Limerick. 

12 K 



2146 aNNQca Rioghachca eiReawN. [I6OO. 

bfpbpacaip comap an lion ap lia jio peDpac do majicocaib i cpoi^ceacaib 
Dia mumnnp pfin, -\ Do rhuinnnp na bainpioj^na,-] pojabpac ace DiubpaccaD 
Diapmara co na rhumncip 6 ra mainipcip Uairne 50 opoicfr buinbpipce hi 
cconncae luimnij 50 po Dioraijeab mopan Dot DajDaoinib, 1 Da Daopccap- 
pluai5 in aipfcr pin. Q5 Dol do Diapmaic co na rhumrip cap an Dpoicfc 
pempaire ba hann po bfDspac an od mac pm cepoirc a bupc .i. an bapun, "] 
comapla huabap,"] anDapacbc a hucc a mumcipe pfin, 1 ccpioplach Dpomj- 
buiDne DiapmaDa. Ni painicc leoporfi poaD plan cap a naipp an can po 
liiaDaD impa, -\ po cpapccpaic, 1 po claiDmic gan C0151II la a mbiobbabaib. 
6a Dariina eccaofne a nDeapnaD la Diapmaic co na muinncip Don cup pin .1. 
mapbaD an bapuin "| comdip, jep bo hocc ap aof naoipe laDpibe popcap 
pfppba ap aof nanma, -| noipbfpcaipp. 

SloicceaD la hua neill .1. Q06 mac pipDopcha, mic cuinn bacai j, a mi 
lanuapg na bliaDna po do 60I ap m caoib bii 6fp ofipinn do cfngal a capacc- 
pa6 le a compann coccaiD, 1 Datce a anppolab ap a eappccaipoib. lap 
ppaccbdil coiccib ulab DUa neill appfb Do luib hi ccoiccpich mibe,-| bpeipne 
-| DO bealbna moip 50 nofpna Diojbala mopa ap puD an cfpe, 50 ccapacc 
bapun Delbna .1. Cpiopcoip, mac RipofipD, mic cpiopcopa a piap pfin 
DUa neill. l?o lainitiilleab laip macaipe cuipcne, -\ 506 ni Dap bfn le cepoicc 
Diolmuin map an cceDna. Oo caeD laparii o neill 50 Dopup baile aca luain 
Don caoib cfp do cloinn colmdin, Do cenel piachach hi ppfpaib ceall. 6ai 
pibe naoi noibce hi lonjpopc ipin cip hfpin, -| do baccap pip ceall, uaccaip 
laijfn, -] lapcaip mibe Dia oijpfip, -| ace naibm a ccapaccpab ppipp. 

Qcc pdccbail na cipe pin DUa neill appfb luib cap muinchmn plebe blabma 
piap, 1 po Ificc cpi pcceirhelca i naen 16 po buchaij Gle ap bdi^ a biobbanaip 
pe hUa ccfpbaill ci^eapna ele .1. an Calbac mac uilliam uibip, mic pip gan 
amm a nDio^ail an Duinemapbca Daopclanoa, 1 na ofpccmapcpa Diopulaing po 

' Uaithne, now Abbington, a townland iu.a the county of Westmeath. 
parish of the same name, in the barony of '' Macliaire-Cuircne, now the barony of Kil- 

Owneybeg, in the north-east of the county of kenny west, in the county of Westmeath. 
Limerick. •= Clann-Colman, now the barony of Clonlonan, 

^ Bun-briste, now Bunbristy bridge, near in the county of Westmeath. 
Grange, about eight miles to the south of the '' Kinel-Fiachach, now the barony of Moy- 

city of Limerick. cashel, in Westmeath. 

" Ddvin-More : i. e. the barony of Delvin, in * FircaU, a territory comprising tlie baronies 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2147 

brotker, Thomas, mustered all the forces they were able, both horse and foot, 
of his own and the Queen's people ; and they continued to fire on Dermot and 
his people [while they were passing] from the monastery of Uaithne* to the 
bridge of Bun-briste'', in the county of Limerick ; and many of his officers and 
common soldiers were slain during this time. As Dermot and his people were 
crossing the aforesaid bridge, these two sons of Theobald Burke, i. e. the Baron 
and Thomas, advanced with pride and boldness in front of their own forces, 
and towards the borders of Dermot's party. But they were not able to return 
back safe, for they were surrounded, prostrated, and imsparingly put to the 
sword by their enemies. What Dermot and his people committed on this occa- 
sion was the cause of lamentation, namely, the killing of the Baron and Thomas; 
for, though they were young in age, they were manly in renown and noble 
deeds. 

A hosting was made by O'Neill (Hugh, the son of Ferdorcha, son of Con 
Bacagh) in the month of January in this year, and he proceeded to the south 
of Ireland, to confirm his friendship with his allies in the war, and to wreak 
his vengeance upon his enemies. When O'Neill left the province of Ulster, he 
passed along the borders of Meath and Breifny, and through Delvin-More", and 
did great injuries throughout the territory, [and continued to waste it], until 
the Baron of Delvin (Christopher, the son of Richard, son of Christopher) came 
and submitted to O'Neill on his terms. He [also] totally spoiled Machaire- 
Cuircne'', and all the possessions of Theobald Dillon. O'Neill afterwards 
marched to the gates of Athlone, and along the southern side of Clann-Colman", 
and through Kinel-Fiachach", into Fircall'. In this country he remained en- 
camped nine nights ; and the people of Fircall, of Upper Leinster, and West- 
meath, made full submission to him, and formed a league of friendship with 
him. 

On leaving this country, O'Neill passed over the upper part*^ of SUeve Bloom 
westwards, and sent forth three parties in one day to ravage Ely, because of 
the enmity he bore O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, i. e. Calvagh, the son of William 
Odhar, son of Ferganainm, and in revenge of the base murder and intolerable 
massacre which he had committed upon the gentlemen of the Mac Mahons of 

of Ballycowan, Ballyboy, and Eglish or Fircall, f Upper part, muinncinn .1. uaccap. — G'Clery, 

in the King's County. in Leabhar Gabhala, p. 3. 

' 12 R 2 



'2148 QNHaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1600. 

imip pe ap naoaoinib uaiple Doip^mllaib meg macsartina bdcap ap a loricaib, 
-| ap a popoab arhail po aipnfi6map ipin mblmDain perhainn. Ro bfri Dpocbiac 
an trugnioma fpin Do buchaig Gle Don chup pin, uoip puccaD eipre a huile 
pealba pojluaipce a maoine, -] a mop mairfp co ndp pdccbab innce acr 
luaicpeaO i nionao a hapba "] aoible i nionaD a hdictghre. Oo paDaD i 
noraiplije ecca, -| oi6f6a Dponja ofprndpa Da ppfpaib, Da mnaib, Da macaib, 
1 Da ninjfnaib. Ro pdccbaD bfop Dooine uaiple Da pine pfin, -| Da pialup 
1 pppfpabpa ppipp 6 ccfpbaill ipin cip. 

Oo caeD lapam Ua neill peme 50 bpuaicimlib bealaij moip rhaije Dala, 
DO Ropp cpe, DO uib caipin, do copco cfinfo on ppoplongpopr 50 a cele Do 
OTTilaiD pm 50 painicc 50 Dopup mainipcpe na cpoiche naoirh. Nip bo cian 
Doib hipui&e an can cuccoD an cpoc naom cuca Dia ccomDa -] Diaccomaipce, 
-] DO bfpcpar na gaoiDil coipbeapca cpoma, almpana, -| opppdla lomDa Da 
maopaib, 1 Da mancoib 1 nonoip in coimDe na nDiila. Cuccpar cpa cfpmonn, 
"] caipipecc Don mainipcip co na mupaib, 1 co na peaponnaib po^narha, -| 
Dna Dia huile aircpeabcachaib ap cfiia. 

QipipiD Din Ua neill achaio do mf pebpu haimpipe po in imliB Gle Dfip- 
ceapcaije, lapcaip buicilepac, coipp Siuipe, "] coille na manach. 

6ai lapla upinuihan .1. comdp mac Semup, mic piapaip biiicilep, lapla 
cille Dapa .1. geapoicc, mac eDuaipo, mic jeapoicr, 1 bapun oelbna .1. Cpiop- 
coip, mac T?ipDeipD mic cpiopropa co na mbaof a ppognam -\ i nurhla 05 an 
mbainpiojain 6 cd pin 50 baile dca cliar ag baccap ommapp -] lonnpaijiD 
DO cabaipc ap Ua neill gac noiDce, "j ge po coccaippior in ni pin, ni po cpioc- 
naijeab leo he. • 

Oo DeachaiD O neill lap pin 50 Dopup Caipil. Uainic Dia poijiD gup an 
maijin pin, an ciapla Dfpmurhan po hoipDneab pop a popconjpaporh 1 ap a 
ujDappdp bubfin in aghaib pcacuire an ppionnpa poirhe pm .1. Semup mac 
romaip puaib, mic Semaip, mic Sfain, 1 bacap paotlib each oiob ppi a poile. 
T?o apccndcap pfmpa lapam cap Siuip piap. Do cndmhcoill do pleib muice, 

5 BeaLach-mor-Muighe-dala, now Ballaghmore, ' From one encampment : i. e. pitching his 

near Borris-in-Ossory. — See note", n50,svpra. camp wherever he stopjjed. 

"" Corca-Teineadh This was the ancient name '' Its houses. — The abbey church ot'the Holy 

ijf the parish of Templemore, in the north-east Cross still remains in good preservation, as do 

of the county of Tipperary See note ", under some of the murs, or houses, but particularly 

the year 1580, p. 1749, supra. the abbot's miir, or stone house. ■ 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2149 

Oriel, whom he had under his protection and in his service, as we have related, 
in the preceding year. The evil destiny deserved by that wicked deed befel 
the territory of Ely on this occasion, for all its moveable possessions, wealth, 
and riches were carried away, and nothing left in it but. ashes instead of its 
corn, and embers in place of its mansions. Great numbers of their men, 
women, sons, and daughters were left in a dying and expiring state ; and some 
gentlemen of his own tribe and kindred were left in opposition to O'Carroll in 
the territory. 

After this O'Neill moved onwards to the borders of Bealach-mor-Muishe- 
dala^, to Roscrea, to Ikerrin, and to Corco-Teineadh*, from one encampment' to 
another, until he arrived at the gate of the monastery of the Holy Cross. They 
had not been long here when the Holy Cross was brought out to shelter and 
protect them ; and the Irish presented great gifts, alms, and many offerings, to 
its keepers and the monks, in honour of the Lord of the Elements. They gave 
protection to the monastery and steward in respect to its houses" and glebe- 
lands, and to all its inhabitants. 

O'Neill remained for some time in the month of February on the borders 
of Southern Ely', [also] in the west of the country of the Butlers, in Cois- 
Siuire"', and in Kilnamanagh". 

The Earl of Ormond, i. e. Thomas, the son of James, son of Pierce Butler; 
the Earl of Kildare, i. e. Garret, the son of Edward, son of Garret; and the 
Baron of Delvin, i. e. Christopher, the son of Richard, son of Cliristopher, with 
all those who were in the service of, or in obedience to the Queen, from thence 
to Dublin, threatened every night to attack and assault O'Neill ; but, though 
tliey meditated doing so, they did not accomplish it. 

O'Neill afterwards proceeded to the gates of Cashel, and there cam-e to him 
to tliat place the Earl of Desmond, who had been previously appointed by his 
own command, and on his authority, contrary to the statute of the Sovereign, 
James the son of Thomas Roe, son of James, son of John, and they were re- 
joiced to see each other. They afterwards proceeded westwards, across the 

• Southern Ely : i.e. Eile-Ui-Thogartaigh, now Kiver Suir, to the west of Cashel, in tlie county 

^"°earty. ofTipperary. 

" Cois-Siuire, a district belonging to a sept " Kilnamaiiagh, the country of the O'Dwyers, 

of the Burkes, situated on the west side of the a barony in the county of Tipperary. 



2150 



awHata Rio^hachca emeaNN. 



[1600. 



Doiprfp flebe claipe, Don bfpnai^ bfipcc, Do cloinn jiobum, Do cpich T?6iprec, 
-| DO Duchaij an bappaij moip. Ni po loicfoh "| nf po lainnmlleaD la liUa neill 
n( ip na cipiB i ccaiDlfo jen mo ra an luce no ppior caipipeao ppip i mbioD- 
banup bunaiD Do jpep. Do DeacaiD laparh 50 Durhaij an bappai^ uaip bd 
Daom ler lap an mbainpiojain no biob Do bunab. Ctpe pa bappach ann an ran 
pin, OauiD, mac Semuip, mic RipofipD, mic comaip mic emainn. Qipipioh 
Ua neill ipin cfp co po cpfchloipcceaD, 1 50 po cuapcaijfD laip hf 6 cuil 50 
cuil erip maj, -| mocap, erlp mfn, ~\ ainmin co nd baof puil na paoilechrain 
aon Duine ppi a hainuccaD, no ppi a haiccpeabaD 50 haimpip imchfin. 

Oo coiD cpa 6 neill cap copcaij,-] cap laof (.1. abann) ba Dfp 50 po puib- 
ighfb lonjpopc laip ecip laoi, 1 bannDain (.1. abann) 1 ccopann mupccpaige 



° Cnamhchoill, now Cneamhchoill, a short dis- 
tance to the east of the town of Tipperary. — 
See the exact situation of this place already 
pointed out and proved in note ", under the 
year 1560, p. 1578, supra. 

P Sliabh-Muice, now Sliabh-na-muice, and 
anglice Slievenamuck, a low mountain on the 
north side of the glen of Aharlagh, in the ba- 
rony of Clanwilliam, and about four miles to 
the south of the town of Tipperary. It extends 
from Bansha to Corderry, within a mile of the 
village of Galbally. 

' Sliahh- Claire, a considerable hill, on which 
stands a remarkable cromlech, the tomb of 
OilioU Olum, King of Munster in the third 
century, situated a short distance to the east of 
the church of Duntryleague, in the barony of 
Coshlea, and county of Limerick, and about 
three miles to the north-west of the village of 
Galbally. 

■■ Beama-dhmrg : i. e. the Red Gap or Chasm, 
a celebrated gap in the mountain of Sliabh 
Caoin, now Slieve Reagh, about one mile to the 
south of Kilflin church, on the borders of the 
counties of Limerick and Cork. This gap is 
well known to the readers of ancient Irish his- 
tory, as the place where Mahon, the brother of 
Brian Borumha, IJing of Munster, was mur- 



dered in cold blood by the ancestors of the 
O'Mahonys and O'Donovans, in the year 976. 
It lies between the hills of Kilcruaig and Bearna- 
dhearg, anglice Red Chair, the former on its 
east, and the latter on its west side. 

' Loyal to the Queen The Lord Barry, al- 
though he had been an accomplice in Desmond's 
rebellion, had now become a staunch partisan 
of the Queen. In a letter, which O'Neill ad- 
dressed to him, he says : 

" You are the cause why all the nobility of 
the south, with each of whom you are linked, 
either in affinity or consanguinity, have not 
joined together to shake off the yoke of heresy 
and tyranny, with which our souls and bodies 
are opprest." 

In answer to this letter Lord Barry declares, 
" that her Highness had never distrained him 
for matters of religion ;" and adds : " though 
ye, by some overweening imaginations, have de- 
clined from your dutiful allegiance unto her 
Highness, yet I have settled myself never to 
forsake her." — Pacctta Hihernia, book i. c. 1 . 

' Extremity : literally, " from corner to cor- 
ner." 

" Lee. — This river has its source in Iveleary, 
in the mountain range which separates the 
counties of Cork and Kerry, and issuing from 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2151 



Suir, by the route of Cnamhchoiir, Sliabh-Muice", by the east of Sliabh-Claire'', 
and Bearna-dhearg'', through Clann-Gibbon, through the country of the Roches, 
and through the territory of Barry More. O'Neill did not injure or waste any 
in these territories through which he passed, excepting those whom he found 
always opposed to him in inveterate enmity. He afterwards marched into the 
country of Barry More, who was always on the side of the Queen. The Barry 
at this time was David, the son of James, son of Richard, son of Thomas, son 
of Edmond ; and, as he was loyal to the Queen', O'Neill remained in the terri- 
tory until he traversed, plundered, and burned it, from one extremity' to the 
other, both plain and wood, both level and rugged, so that no one hoped or 
expected that it could be inhabited for a long time afterwards. 

O'Neill then proceeded southward, across the River Lee, and pitched his 
camp between the Rivers Lee" and Bandon", on the confines of Muskerry and 
Carbery. To this camp all the Mac Carthys, both southern and northern, came 



the romantic lake of Gougane Barra, after a 
course of about forty miles, divides itself into 
two unequal branches, one mile above the city 
of Cork, and again meeting after a separation 
of nearly two miles, discharges itself into the 
ocean below Cove. 

" Bandon, a river flowing through the towns 
of Bandon, or Bandonbridge, and Inishannon, 
and discharging itself into the harbour of Kin- 
sale, in the county of Cork See it already 

mentioned under the year 1560. It appears 
from a letter to Donough Moyle Mac Carthy, 
dated March 2nd, 1599, signed by Florence Mac 
Carthy, Owen Mac Egan, and Donnell O'Do- 
novan, and published in the Pacata Hibernia, 
book ii. ch. 6, that O'Neill was encamped at 
this time at Iniscare [Inishcarraj. This letter 
runs as follows : 

" Cousin Donogh, wee hatie us commended to 
your sclfe, and to your brother Florence : I haue 
(I assure you) taken the paines to come hither to 
Tyrone, not so much for any danger of my owne, 
as to saue the countrey of Carberry from danger 
and destruction, which, if it bee once destroyed, 
your living" [i. e. food] " (in my opinion) will 



growe very scarce. These two Gentlemen, your 
Brother" [in law], " Odonevan, and Owen Mac 
Eggan, are verie careful with mee of your good. 
Therefore, if ever you will bee ruled by us, or 
tender the wealth of your selfe and your Coun- 
trey, wee are heereby earnestly to request you 
to come and meete us to morrowe at Cloudghe ; 
and so requesting you not to fayle heereof in 
any wise, to God's keeping I commit you. 
" Your very loving Friends, 

" Florence Mac Cabtie. 

Owen Mac Eggan. 

Donnell Odonevan. 
" G'Neale's Campe at Iniscare., 
MaHij 2, 1599." 

This Donnell O'Donovaii was chief of his 
name, and the eldest legitimate son of Donnell- 
na-gCroiceann O'Donovan, son of Teige, son of 

Dermot See note ', under the year 1581, 

p. 1762, supra. 

John Collins of Myross, in his pedigree of the 
late General Richard O'Donovan, of Bawnlahan, 
who was the lineal descendant of this Donnell 
O'Donovan, asserts that O'Donovan was never 



2152 



aHNQta Rio^hachca eiReaHN. 



[1600. 



-[ caipbpeac. Uangacap piol ccdpraig uile ctp -\ cuaib oo fij f neill ap 
in ppoplongpopc pin. Uanaicc ann Din Diap bai i nfpaonra, i i pppirbfpr 



implicated in the rebellion of the Earl of Des- 
mond, or in that of O'Neill. But this is not 
true; for, that Donnell-na-gcroiceann, the O'Do- 
novan who died in 1584, was implicated in the 
rebellion of the Earl of Desmond, is quite evi- 
dent from P. O'Sullevan Beare's Hist. Cathol. 
Iber., torn. 3, lib. 1 , c. i. p. 115, where " Odonno- 
bhanus" is set down among the '^Veteres Jberni, 
qui pro fide Catholica pugnaveruni ,•" and that his 
eldest legitimate son, this Donnell O'Donovan, 
who succeeded as chief of his name in 1584, and 
who submitted to O'Neill on this occasion, had 
been a rebel so early as 1585, when he burned 
to the ground the house of the Lord Bishop 
of Koss, which had been a short time before 
built by William Lyon, Bishop of Cloyne, is 
quite obvious from the manuscript entitled 
CarhricB Notitia, and Harris's edition of Ware's 
Bishops, p. .565, where Harris quotes a Visita- 
tion Book of 1613, stating " that William Lyon 
built a House at Ross [in 1582], which cost him 
at least three hundred pounds, which, in little 
more than three years after, was burnt down by 
the Bedel O'Donovan." 

It also appears, from the PacataHibernia, book 
2, c. vii. that of the twelve thousand pounds di- 
vided among the rebels of Munster by Dr. Owen 
Mac Egan, the Pope's Bishop of Ross, this O'Do- 
novan obtained £200. P. O'Sullevan Beare also 
states that O'Donovan joined O'DriscoU More 
and two knights of the Mac Carthy family, to 
assist the Spanish Admiral Zubiaur, when he 
landed at Castlehaven. 

" Adfuit etiam Odriscol Magnus cum Cornelio 
filio, et aliis, Odonnobhanus & equites Maecarrha;. 
Quorum aduentu Anglus territus se nauibus 
oontinet, & Zubiaur loetus, & confirmatus tor- 
mentis ex nauibus expositis Anglicam classem 
biduum acerrime oppugnat." — Hist. Cathol. ^c, 
torn. 3, lib. 6, c. viii. 



But we learn from a letter of the Lord Deputy 
and Council, written on the 20th of March, the 
last day of the year 1601, to the Lords in Eng- 
land, that Sir Florence O'DriscoU, O'Donovan, 
and the two sons of Sir Owen Mac Carthy, who 
were O'Donovan's brothers-in-law, had joined 
the English. His Lordship writes : 

" As for Sir Finnin Odrischall, Odonnevan, 
and the two Sonnes of Sir Owen Mao Cartie, 
they and their Followers, since their comminy 
in, are growne very odious to the Rebels of 
those parts, and are so well divided in factions 
amongst themselves, as they are fallen to prey- 
ing and killing one another, which we con- 
ceiue will much availe to the quieting of these 
parts." — Pacata Hibemia, book 2, c. xxx. 

This explains the words of P. O'Sullevan 
Beare, torn. 3, lib. 7, c. i., where he says : 

" OsuUeuanus Gulielmo Burko, Richardo Ti- 
rello, & aliis conductis, obseratorum delectu con- 
scrip to & sociorum auxiliis millia militum cir- 
citer duo iuuentutis electee comparat. Quibus 
ea hyeme Torrentirupem (Carraig an neasaig) 
arcem quam solam in Beantria tenebat Eugenius 
OsuUeuanus semper Reginaj partes secutus, par- 
tem aggere, turribus, vineis, musculis, pluteis 
oppugnatam, partim seneis tormentis quassatam 
in suam potestatem redegit. Odonnobhanum ad 
Anglos reuersum, & alios Anglorum auxiliares 
depra^datur. liegias copias, qua; in Momonijs 
erant, terrore perculsas in oppida munita, & 
arces compellit." 

Again, it appears from the following passage 
in the instructions given to the Earl of Tho- 
mond, on the 9th of March, 1601, that O'Do- 
novan, and his Irish neighbours, were under 
protection : 

" The service you are to perform is, to doe all 
your endeavours to burne the rebels Come in 
Carbery, Beare, and Bantry, take their Cowes, 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2153 



into the house of O'Neill in this camp [i. e. submitted to him]. Thither repaired 
two who were at strife with each other concerning the Lordship of Desmond, 



and to use all hostile prosecution upon the per- 
sons of the people, as in such oases of rebellion 
is accustomed. 

" Those that are in subjection, or lately pro- 
tected (as Odrischall, Odonevan, and Sir Owen 
Mac Cartie's sonnes), to afford them all kind 
and mild vsage." — Pacata Hihernia, book 3, c. ii. 

By these authorities the Editor is satisfied 
that Collins is wrong in asserting that this fa- 
mily never joined in either of the great rebel- 
lions of Desmond or O'NeilL 

According to a pedigree of O'Donovan of Car- 
bery, preserved in a manuscript at Lambeth 
Palace, Carew Collection, No. 635, fol. 151, this 
Donnell O'Donovan, who submitted to O'Neill 
at Inishcarra, and afterwards relapsed to the 
English who pardoned and protected him, mar- 
ried the daughter of Sir Owen Mac Carthy 
Reagh. He had eleven sons, two of whom, 
Donnell and Conogher, are given in this docu- 
ment by name, but the others are marked, " nine 
sons' more, all children" which shews that 
this pedigree was penned during the life-time 
of this Donnell O'Donovan, who lived to a 
great age. It appears by a Chancery record, 
signed by Adam Loftus, Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland, in February, 1592, that this Don- 
nell O'Donovan became chief of his name on 
the death of his father, in 1584, and that he 
had married, sometime before 1592, the daugh- 
ter of the " great and potent" Sir Owen Mac 
Carthy Reagh. But there remains sufiicient 
evidence to shew that he had been previously 
married to Helena Barry, daughter of William 
Barry, of Lislee, in the barony of Barryroe, the 
son of James fitz Richard Barry, Viscount But- 
tevant, and that she was the mother of his son 
and heir, Daniel O'Donovan, and probably of 
three others of his sons. This appears from an 
ode addressed to his eldest son on his succession 

12 



to the chieftainship of Clancahill in 1639, by 
Muldowny O'Morrison. Of his eleven sons the 
names of only eight have been ascertained from 
contemporaneous documents, viz.: 

1. Donell or Daniel O'Donovan, Chief of 
Clancahill. He accompanied Lord Castlehaven 
at the taking of Mallow, Doneraile, Milton, 
Connagh, and Rostellan, but he submitted 
to the peace of Ormond, in 1648, and after- 
wards raised, at his own expense, two com- 
panies of foot to serve His Majesty, by com- 
mission from the Duke of Ormond. It appears, 
from the King's letter in his favour, that, in 
1649, he was reduced to great extremities by 
Cromwell's forces, " who seized upon all his 
estate, burning, killing, and destroying all that 
came in their way; and blew up with powder 
two of his, the said Donnell's, castles." 

It further appears, from the family papers at 
Bawnlahan and Montpellier, that this O'Dono- 
van surrendered his castles to the Common- 
wealth, Colonel Robert Phaier (Governor of 
Cork for the Parliament in 1649 and till 1660), 
having engaged to him " some satisfaction." This 
Daniel had four sons, the eldest of whom was the 
Right Honourable Daniel O'Donovan, M. P. for 
Baltimore, and a colonel of thirteen companies 
of foot, in the service of James II., and who 
was put on his trial for high treason at the Cork - 
assizes of 1684. This appears from various do- 
cuments, and particularly from his petition to 
James II. in 1689, in which he states that 
" his father raised two companies of foote, 
commanded by Petitioner's uncles, who were 
both slain in his late Majesty's service. That, 
by his late Majesty's letter, Petitioner was to 
be restored to an ancient estate, worth about 
£2000 per annum, but, by the partiality of the 
late Government, was deprived of it. That Pe- 
titioner suffered long imprisonment by the op- 
S 



2154 



awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1600. 



]ie poile im ci jeayiniip Dfpmurhan .1. mac 1^65 cdjiraij piabai^ pin^in, mac 
Donnchaib, mic Dorhnaill, mic pingin, -| mac meg cdpcaij m6i]i .1. Domnaill, 



pression of the late Earl of Orrerie, and was 
tried for his life before Lord Chief Justice Keat- 
ing and Sir Richard Eey nails, upon account of the 
late pretended plot. That Petitioner, by Com- 
mission, raised, about Christmas, a Regiment of 
foot, and ever since kept them without any sub- 
sistence from your Majestie, whereby Petitioner 
is exposed to censure, &c., &c. That Petitioner's 
habitation and estate are exposed to the sea, and 
pirates frequently* annoying the inhabitants, so 
that it is requisite to have still men in arms 
thereabouts." 

The descendants of this Colonel Daniel, the 
eldest son of the O'Donovan who submitted to 
O'Neill, became extinct, in the senior lin8, in the 
late General Richard O'Donovan, of Bawnlahan 
(the son of Daniel, son of Richard, son of Colonel 
Daniel O'Donovan, M.P.), in the year 1829, and 
in the next and only surviving line, in 1841, in 
Captain Cornelius O'Donovan, who died without 
issue at Dingle in that year. 

2. The second son of the O'Donovan who sub- 
mitted to O'Neill was Teige, who died in 1639, 
and who is now represented by O'Donovan of 
Montpellier, near Cork, who is the present 
chief of the O'Donovans, according to the Eng- 
lish law of primogeniture, which has been ob- 
served by this family since the year 1584, but 
scarcely ever before that year ; for it appears 
from a Chancery record, already qiioted, that, 
previously to that year, " the best and wor- 
thiest of the blood of the O'Donovans" was 
elected to be chief, according to the law of 
tanistic succession. On the nature of this suc- 
cession the celebrated Jesuit, Edmund Campion, 
wrote the following remark, in 1571, in his His- 
torie of Ireland, cap. vi. : 

" The inheritance descendeth not to the sonne, 
but to the brother, nephew, or cousin-germaine, 
eldest and most valiant : for the Childe being 



oftentimes left in nonage, or otherwise young 
and unskillfull, were never able to defend his 
patrimonie, being his no longer than he can 
hold it by force of armes. But by that time 
he grow to a competent age, and have buryed 
an Uncle or two, he also taketh his turne, and 
leaveth it, in like order, to his posterity. This 
custome breedeth among them continuall Warres 
and treasons." 

3. The third son of the O'Donovan who sub- 
mitted to O'Neill was Captain Morogh O'Dono- 
van, who had command of one of his brother's 
companies of foot, and was killed in His Ma- 
jesty's service, at Rathmines, during the siege 
of Dublin, in 1649. This Morogh had one daugh- 
ter, Joan, who was living in 1629, as appears by 
her grandfather's will, made in that year, but 
no son of his is anywhere mentioned. 

4. The fourth son of the O'Donovan who sub- 
mitted to O'NeQl was Donough or Denis O'Do- 
novan, who was his son by Joan, or Juanna Mac 
Carthy, as appears from an Irish poem addressed 
to him in his mother's lifetime. This Donough 
had a son, Captain Daniel O'Donovan, who took 
Castletownshend on the 9 th of March, 1688-9, 
and who is the ancestor of the present James 
O'Donovan, of Cooldurragha, who is believed, 
among the peasantry of Carbery, to be the 
O'Donovan, since the death of Captain Corne- 
lius O'Donovan, of Dingle, in 1841. 

5. The fifth son of the O'Donovan who sub- 
mitted to O'Neill was Dermot, or Jeremias, 
who was wounded at Prague in 1648, where he 
was highly commended for his dexterity and 
bravery, as appears from Carve's Lyra, pp. 332, 
333, in which the following notice of him is 
given : 

" Ferdinandus Tertius Romanorum Imperator 
cum Pontificia dispensatione Mariam Leopoldi- 
nam Lincii sibi copulavit. 26 Mensis Qnintilis 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2155 



namely, the son of Mac Carthy Reagh, i. e. Fineen, the son of Donough, son of 
Donnell, son of Fineen, and Mac Carthy More, i. e. Donnell, son of Donnell, 



Konigsmarchius arcem Pragensem cum parva 
parte ex improviso per stratagema occupavit, 
ubi prseter ingentem thesaurum, & spolia Car- 
dinalem ab Harach, cum variis Regni proce- 
ribus intercepit : nihilominus nova & antiqua 
civitate potiri non potuit, quare postmodum 
Cajolus Pfaltzgravius Suecorum Supremus 
Bellidux cum nonnullis copiis illuc advenit, 
ubi sine intermissione ambas civitates tormen- 
tis bellicis quatere csepit: tamen a Cssarianis 
strenue resistentibus, perditis aliquot millibus, 
repulsus fuit. - Inter lios quidem Hiberni forti- 
ter dimicarunt, quorum duces Jeremias Dono- 
van, & Joannes Munian [Mulrian?] e quibus 
Donovan in Lseva globulo trajectus fuit, unde 
ob suam dexteritatem, ac magnanimitatem a 
supremis Ducibus Civitatis apud suam C£esa.ream 
Majestatem plurimum recommendatus fuit." 

6. The sixth son of this O'Donovan, was Cap- 
tain Kichard, who, as stated in the King's letter 
already quoted, "had command of one of his bro- 
ther's companies of foote, and retired himselfe 
and company into forraigne partes, and there 
was also killed in our service, when he had 
first, as Captaine of the other foote company 
in Collonell O'DriscoU's Regiment, contributed 
his best endeavours for the furtherance of our 
service, till the late usurped power became 
prevalent in our said kingdome of Ireland." This 
Richard had a son, Richard, who was edu- 
cated in the University of Toulouse, where he 
obtained the degree of Doctor of both Laws, and 
afterwards studied the Canon Law in England, 
and was appointed Judge of the High Court of 
Admiralty in Ireland by James II. This Dr. 
Richard O'Donovan was elected Member of 
Parliament for Baltimore in April, 1689, but 
he resigned to Jeremie O'Donovan, head of the 
sept of Clanloughlin. This Dr. Richard O'Do- 
novan left four sons, and some of his race, many 

12 



of whom served in the English navy, are still 
extant, but the Editor has not been able to 
learn where they are. 

7. The seventh son of the O'Donovan who 
submitted to O'Neill was Keadagh O'Donovan, 
who is mentioned, in his father's will, as a boy 
in 1629, and who was living in 1689, when he 
is referred to as one of the burgesses of Bal- 
timore. He had two sons : 1. Daniel, the an- 
cestor of Richard Donovan, Esq., of Lisheens 
House, Ballincollig ; and 2. Richard, the ances- 
tor of Timothy O'Donovan, Esq., of Ardahill, 
near Bantry, who is married to a niece of the 
late Daniel O'Connell, Esq., M. P. 

No reference to the Conogher mentioned in 
the Lambeth pedigree, or to the other three 
sons, who were children when that pedigree 
was written (circ. 1610), has been found in 
the family documents at Bawnlahan or Mont- 
pellier. They probably died young or left their 
native territory. According to the vivid tradi- 
tion among that sept of the O'Donovans to which 
the Editor belongs, his ancestor, whose name 
was Edmond O'Donovan, removed from Bawn- 
lahan, in the county of Cork, to Gaulstown, in 
the south of the county of Kilkenny, some time 
previously to 1643 ; and the Editor has been 
long of opinion that he was one of the sons of 
this O'Donovan, who succeeded in 1584, by his 
first wife, Helena Barry. 

The Editor has carefuUy examined all the 
tombstones, parish registries, and old persons 
of the race of this Edmond recently, and had 
questioned others, now many years dead, on the 
exact nature of this tradition, and found that 
the tradition is simply as follows : Edmond, the 
son of O'Donovan of Bawnlahan, in the county of 
Cork, killed the eldest son of O'SuUivan Beare 
[/liicei-e Dermot, son of Sir Owen, astatis 20, A.D. 
1 6 1 G ?] in a dispute about the boundary between 
S2 



2156 



awNata Rio^hacnca eiReawH. 



[1600. 



mac Domhnaill, mic Domnaill mic cojibmaic laopaij. Uanjarap cinn meic 
pioj ealla. Cangarcap ann ui Donnchuba, ui Oonnabain, -] uf marjamna. 



their estates, which adjoined each other, and, 
fearing the vengeance of the O'Sullivans, fled to 
the county of Kilkenny, where he took shelter 
with William, son of Walter Bourke, commonly 
called " the Gaul Bourke," whose daughter, Ca- 
therine, he married. His father having disco- 
vered where he was, came to Gaulstown, accom- 
panied by several gentlemen, to bring him home. 
The fugitive, Edmond, apprehensive that his 
father, who dreaded the English Government, 
might wish to coax him home to have him put 
on his trial, according to the English laws, for 
the killing of O'Sullivan's son, hesitated, for 
some time, before he would make his appear- 
ance ; but at length, by advice of the Gaul, 
he consented to come to an interview with his 
father, but with such a guard as to prevent him 
and his attendants from seizing his person. 
They parleyed near the gate of the castle of 
Gaulstown. The father earnestly entreated him 
to return home, saying that it was the belief 
among the septs of Carbery that the death of 
O'Sullivan's son was accidental, and that no 
enmity then existed between the two families on 
account of it, and that both wished the fugitive 
to return home. Edmond replied, that he had 
no wish to return home ; that he was married, 
and dwelt at a place called Ballinlaw; that his 
posterity might return to Bawnlahan ; but for 
himself, if he got the whole of Carbery, he would 
not think his life safe, and would not live there. 
His father returned home in anger, and Edmond 
was soon after slain, together with his father- 
in-law, the Gaul Bourke, at Ballinvegga (March 
18, 1642-3), where a spirited battle was fought 
between General Preston and the Duke of Or- 
mond, in which a great slaughter was made of 
the county of Kilkenny gentlemen. The descen- 
dants of this Edmond, as carefully traced by the 
Editor, were as follows : 



I. Edmond left two infant sons, viz.: Richard, 
who grew up a fierce freebooter, and lived at 
Ballinlaw, one of Gaul Bourke's castles, out of 
which, according to tradition, he shot many per- 
.sons ; but he was finally shot himself, at Snow 
Hill, on the brink of the River Suir. He 
had led a party of men across the Suir, who 
seized on a prey of cattle in Gaultier, in the 
county of Waterford, but, being overtaken by 
a strong force, he was deprived of the booty, 
and obliged to cross the river by swimming. 
The Gaultier men pursued him in boats, and 
shot him dead, with his own gun, on the op- 
posite strand, near Snowhill. This is said to 
have been the last creach, or prey, attempted 
in this part of Ireland. This Richard left one 
daughter, but no son. 

II. CoNCHOBHAR, or CoRNELius, the Second 
son of Edmond, who lived with his mother at 
Ballymountain, near Gaulstown, where the 
ruins of his house were shewn when the Editor 
was a child. He lived an honest man, and 
married Rose Kavanagh, of the family of Bal 
lyleigh, in the county of Carlow, the aunt of 
the " renowned warrior," Briau-na-Stroice Ka- 
vanagh, who fought with great bravery at the 
Boyne and Aughrim, in the service of James II. 
He had by her three sons, viz. : John Donovan 
of Ballynearl, William of Urumdowney, the 
Editor's great grandfather, and Edmond, who 
went to France. John of Ballynearl, who was 
usually called Sha,ne-na-gcrann, i. e. John of 
the Trees, from the number of trees which 
he planted, and Shane a' phudair, from pow- 
dering his wig, was a very respectable gen- 
tleman. He was born in 1672, and died in 
1 735, aged sixty-three years, as appears from 
his tombstone in the churchyard of Dunkitt. 
He lived at Ballynearl, near Kilmacow, in the 
barony of Iverk, and county of Kilkenny, where 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2157 



son of Donnell, son of Cormac Ladhrach. Thither repaired the sons of the chiefs 
of Allow. Thither repaired the O'Donohoes, O'Donovans, and O'Mahonys, 



he acquired a considerable property by marriage 
and otherwise. His hatred of the Cromwellian 
settlers amounted almost to insanity, and, in one 
of his angry moods, he let drop words about the 
glaring injustice of the Act of Settlement, on ac- 
count of which he was committed for Treason, on 
the evidence of one of those settlers. He was tried 
at Kilkenny ; but his neighbour, John Bishopp, 
Esq., of Bishopp's Hall, alias Gaulskill, made the 
most strenuous exertions to defeat his accuser, 
and succeeded, amid the rage of party feelings, 
in procuring an acquittal. His relatives, the 
Fitzpatricks of Upper Ossory,and theKavanaghs 
of the mountains of Carlow, are said to have 
flocked into the town of Kilkenny on the day of 
his trial, determined to rescue him in case of his 
being condemned, and twenty-four beardless 
youths entered the court-house, dressed in 
their sisters' clothes, having swords concealed 
under their mantles! No riot, however, took 
place, for, on John's acquittal, they left the 
town quietly, very grateful to Mr. Bishopp for 
the high testimony he bore to their cousin's 
character. This John had many sons, of whom 
three went to France, but the Editor has not 
been able to learn their names. Four of his 
sous remained in Ireland, of whom three were 
buried in the churchyard of Dunkitt, as ap- 
pears from a large tombstone near the south 
wall of the old church, viz. : the Rev. Edmond 
Donovan, P. P. of Kilmacow ; Dominick Dono- 
van of the Ferry bank, Waterford ; and Wil- 
liam Donovan, a youth of gigantic size and 
strength, who died of the small-pox in the 
twentieth year of his age. He had another 
son, Cornelius Donovan of Graigoving (Sp^ij 
O'ppinn), whose only son, Thomas, died at Illud, 
a few years since, without issue. The race of 
this John are no\^ extinct in Ireland. 

Edmond, the third son of Cornelius, went into 



the French service. The last account ever heard 
of him by his family was his having been taken 
prisoner at Waterford in 1739, whither he had 
come over to enlist men, alias " Wild Geese," 
for the French service. The Editor's grand- 
father saw him in the hands of the authorities, 
and conveyed to the old gaol of Waterford, 
but was not able to get in to speak to him ; 
but, in about a week afterwards, the prisoner 
sent a messenger from the vilfage of Passage, 
to his brother William, who was then living 
at Aughmore (a part of Drumdowney), stat- 
ing that he had been set at liberty, and that 
he was ready to set sail for France. His family 
never afterwards heard from or of him. He had 
gone into the French service with several of his 
relatives, the Kavanaghs of the county of Car- 
low, who were all killed in the wars except 
Morgan More, who was considered to be the 
largest man in Europe in his time, and who re- 
turned to Ireland, after various romantic adven- 
tures, and died at an advanced age at Graigue- 
namanagh about the year 1780. 

III. William Kavanagh O'Donovan, the se- 
cond son of Cornelius of Ballymountain, son of 
Edmond of Bawnlahan. The old people who 
remembered him, when the Editor was young, 
were wont to describe him as immoderately vain 
of his descent from the Kavanaghs of Ballyleigli 
and the Burkes of Gaulstown, who stated in their 
family epitaph, that they were descended from 
Sir William de Burgo, who was "Vice- chamber - 
laine to Kinge Edward the Third." He always 
asserted that his grandfather, Edmond, was the 
eldest son of O'Donovan of Bawnlahan, in the 
county of Cork (an assertion which the Editor 
has not been yet able either to substantiate, or 
entirely to refute), but he knew little or nothing 
of the history of his paternal ancestors beyond 
a vague idea of their being descended from the 



21.58 



aHwata Rio^hachca eiReoHN. 



[1600. 



Uanjacap ann upriiop gall, i gaoibel oa coicciD murhan (ina mbaoi o baile 
mofi amac) 50 nuriila ~\ jonuppaim oUa neill, ■) an cf lap not piacr poccam 



kings of Munstcr, and possessed of very exten- 
sive estates till deprived of the greater part of 
them by Cromwell and William III. Though 
proud, almost to lunacy, of his Irish and Anglo- 
Norman lineage, and imbued with irremoveable 
prejudices against the Cromwellian settlers, — 
to whom he was wont to say, without reserve, 
that they were descended from "English pick- 
pockets," — he was induced to marry the daugh- 
ter of one of those settlers, namely, Mary, the 
daughter of Richard Oberlin or Hoberlin, who 
came over with his father, Eichard Hoberlin, in 
Cromwell's army, in 1649. This woman, who had 
been brought up in all the puritanical prejudices 
of her time, fell in love with William, though she 
detested his race and his religion ! Laws, and 
even religious prejudices, sometimes prove but 
insignificant barriers against the propensities of 
humanity, and the powerful affection of the 
sexes. In this instance a plebeian Puritanical 
heiress married a proud but poor Papist ; there- 
by so horrified her grandmother that she re- 
turned to England ; and in course of time, be- 
ing far removed from puritanical preachers, 
gradually submitted to all the ceremonies of the 
Church of Rome ; permitted all her children to 
go to Mass, who, strange to say, learned to hate 
and despise the Cromwellian settlers. By Mary 
Hoberlin, William had five sons and eight daugh- 
tersf whose progeny have since contributed 
largely to the population of Newfoundland, 
Canada, and the United States of America; 
but the Editor has not been able to trace their 
exact localities. The sons were : 1 . Richard, 
bornin 1718; he was a man of powerful strength 
of body, but of a ferocious and murderous dis- 
position, inheriting the pride, vanity, and folly 
of his father, and the iron constitution, stature, 
and recklessness of his Cromwellian grandfa- 
ther. After he had grown up to man's estate. 



perceiving the power which the laws allowed 
him to obtain over his father, he quarrelled with 
him about certain lands which were obtained in 
right of his mother, but the father not acceding 
to his demands, he conformed to the established 
religion of the State with a view to dispossess 
his father and mother ; but not succeeding at 
all to his satisfaction, he left his father, and the 
last account heard of him was his having com- 
mitted suicide on board an English man-of-war. 
The second son was Edmond, the Editor's grand- 
father ; 3. Cornelius of Ballyfasy ; 4. John of 
Rochestown ; and 5. William of Attateemore. 
When this William, the fifth son of William, was 
a child, there was no Roman Catholic school in 
the barony of Ida, and he remained illiterate till 
he was about thirty-five years old, when, fired 
with the love of learning, he went to school along 
with his own children, and, amidst the ridicule 
of his neighbours, learned to read and write! 
It is painful to allude to the laws which, at this 
period, brought the enthusiastic people of Ire- 
land to this level. The descendants of the proud 
and improvident ancient Irish chieftains multi- 
plied, about this period (from 1704 to 1789), in 
obscurity and poverty, as if destined, in future 
ages, to send forth swarms to people the back 
woods of America. 

William, No. HI., held the lands of Drumdow- 
ney on lease, and he possessed, in fee, the town- 
lands of Ballyvrougham, Ballybrahy, and Knock- 
brack, in the barony of Ida, and county of Kil- 
kenny ; and, with a view to carry on trade as a 
merchant, he built a store-house at the Ferry- 
bank, Waterford, which was burned to the 
ground, about the year 1 748, by an accidental 
fire, which involved him in such difficulties and 
anxieties as hastened his death, which took 
place in the year 1749, as appears from his 
tombstone. 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2159 



and the greater number of the English and Irish of the two provinces of 
Munster (except those in the great towns), to submit and pay their homage 



IV. Edmond, son of William. He was born 
in the year 1720, and married, in 1750, Mary 
Archdeacon, daughter of John, son of Patrick, 
son of Pierce Archdeacon, of Ercke, in the 
county of Kilkenny, who was commonly called 
" Sir Pierce Mac Oda." — See note ', under the 
year 1544, p. 1488, supra; and who was also 
descended from Edmond Denn the Tory (who 
was believed to be the representative of William 
Denn, Lord Justice of Ireland in 1260), from 
whom Sliabh-Ua-gCruinn, in the south of the 
county of Kilkenny, was called Tory Hill. 

This Edmond took the lands of Attatcemore, 
alias Putney's Part, in the parish of KUcolumb, 
barony of Ida, and county of Kilkenny, from 
Colonel Dyas of Melville, in 1763, where he 
settled, with his wife and family. He had five 
sons: 1. William (born in 1752, died in 1802), 
whose descendants have settled in various parts 
of the United States of America ; 2. Patrick, 
bom in 1754. This Patrick was a good scholar, 
and travelled much in his youth, and, after 
varieties of strange and romantic adventures 
by sea and land, be returned to Ireland about 
the year 1784. He was a very sensible man, 
of strong powers of intellect, good memory, 
and much experience. He was the living re- 
pertory of the traditions of the counties of Kil- 
kenny, Carlow, and Wexford. The Editor spent 
much of his time -jvith him in the years 1821, 
1822, and 1823, and from him he first caught 
that love for ancient Irish and Anglo- Irish his- 
tory and traditions which, have since aiforded 
him so much amusement. He died in Novem- 
ber, 1831, and was interred at Dunkitt, leaving 
several sons who are still living. 3. John, born 
in 1758, died in 1837, leaving three sons still, 
or lately, living near Waterford ; 4. Edmond, the 
Editor's father, of whom presently ; 5. Michael, 
still living in the eighty-fourth year of his age. 



who has several sons living ; and 6. Cornelius, 
who died young. This Edmond, son of William, 
died on the 26th December, 1798, aged seventy- 
eight. After his death Nicholas the Keener, 
the local dirge-composer, the last of his profes- 
sion in this part of Ireland, came to the Editor's 
father, ofiering to sing the pedigree of the de- 
ceased, and praise all his relations, widely dif- 
fused throughout the region extending from 
Mount Leinster to Waterford, and from Water- 
ford to Carrick-on-Suir ; but the latter would 
not allow him to proceed, as he knew that Ni- 
cholas would sing much hollow flattery about 
the glories of the Kavanaghs, &c. ; he turned 
the Keener out of his house, which was consi- 
dered a daring violation of ancient custom ; 
and the traditions remained unsung ever since. 
But a few years before, on the death of his 
nephew, John, son of William, son of William, 
son of Cornelius, son of Edmond of Bawnla- 
han, the traditions were, for the last time, sung 
in the most sincere and enthusiastic strain of 
natural eloquence by his nurse, Bridget Dwyer, 
who repeated his pedigree and recounted many 
members of the Kavanaghs, his relatives, and 
various other families whom the Editor has not 
been able to identify. 

V. Edmond Oge, son of Sean-Edmond. He 
was born, in the year 1760, at Kilcolumb, in 
the barony of Ida, and county of Kilkenny, but 
removed to Attateemore, alias Putney's Part, in 
1 763, with his father, mother, and grandmother. 
His elder brothers, WUliam, Patrick, and John, 
did not remain with their father after they had 
grown up, but went to seek their fortunes to 
different parts of the world. The Editor's fa- 
ther, Edmond, alone remained in Ireland, and 
took -a lease, in his own name, of the lands of 
Attateemore some time about the year 1791, 
and, being an industrious man, he was pretty 



2160 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [ifjfx). 

ina Docom ofob, jiainic coTTia]i6a urhla, -| peoio ua6a Dia faijib cen- 
mord an bappac mop pempaice, -| nccfpna muy'ccpaije .i. Copbmac mac 
Diapmara, -\ 6 Suillebdin bfippe .1. t)omnall, mac oorhnall, mic Oiapmaca. 
UappaiD O neill occ mbpai joe Decc Do mainb muman ap in ppoplonjpopc 
pm,") baf ppi pe picfc Id ag cpu6 cfpc, 1 caingfn pfp muman,-] accd pio6uccha6 
pfin ppi apoile ina nfpaonca. 

TDaguibip .1. Qo& mac conconnacc baipibe 1 ppappab f neill an can pin. 
Laire naen (a mfp mapca na bliabna po, gap bfcc pia ppeil pacpaicc) Dia 
noeachaib pibe bfopma mapcploij, -\ apaill Do cpoijcecoib Do cop cuapca 
na noipfp 1 riimecraip an lonjpuipr, -| ni po liaipipeaD laip 50 pdinicc 50 
Dopup chinn rpdile, 1 appibe 50 pinn Choppdin .1. baile an bappaij oicc hi 
ccenel Qo6a. SoaiD lapam co naipccnib ■) co neoalaib, co lion ppaob -\ 
ppeolmaij. O popDap pccicish DiuDlaof lap ccian apcap la baioble a 
naipccne -] a neoala, ba fOb Do ponpac miiinncfp rhesuiDip aipipfrh ipin maijin 
ba coimnfpa Doib Do coriiDa a ccpeach -\ a neoala, ■) T?o cpiall mdjuiDip 
jan anaD jan aipipiom Do Denam 50 pocrain Do 50 lorijpopc ui neill. Qn 
can popdccaib TTldguiDip an poplongpopr ropac anlaoi pm pfin Do beachaiD 
pjela 50 Copcaij do paijiD Sip Udpam palenDep (pfp lonaiD Ppepioenp Da 
C01CC16 muitian) Dia aipnfip do ITlaguiDip do doI ap an lonjpopr 1 nuarhaD 
ploij amail do coi6,-| an Ifch 1 noeachaiD. Ni rapDStpUapam 1 ppaillin ni pin, 
acc po cfcclamaD laip gappaiD Do mapcploij mfpba po ceooip, aciaD apmba 
eiDijce, -| po gluaip a Copcaij amach Do paijib fnaig lomcumainj in pob 
epDdlca laip ITidjuiDip Do poccain Dia paijiD acc poab do -a]\ a aip. Cian, 

affluent during Napoleon's wars. He was mar- courage, and illibata fides, died on the 29th of 

ried on the 6th of October, 1788, to Eleanor July, 1817, desiring his eldest son, who sat 

Hoberlin, of Rochestown, by the Rev. Dr. Ste- by his bedside till he expired, to remember his 

phen Louer, Vicar-General and Protonotary descent, which he repeated to him emphatically 

Apostolic of the see of Ossory. He had by her, several times over, in the Editor's hearing, and 

Michael, who died in May, 1840, leaving one not to allow his children to disperse, if pos- 

son, Edmond, now living; 2. Patrick, who died sible! He requested that his body should be 

young ; 3. William, still living in America ; 4. buried " along with the good men at Dunkitt, 

John, the Editor of these Annals, who was bap- but not under the large tombstone." This 

tized by the Rev. John Fitzpatrick, P. P. of was complied with, and the Editor, in twenty- 

Slieveroe, on the 26th of July, 1809, "Ed- four years afterwards, remembering his dying 

mundo Wall & Eleanora NeUl sponsoribus." — request, caused the following epitaph to be 

-Regitst. Par. <SZiewero«; and 5. Patrick, still living, inscribed to the memory of him and his an- 

This Edmond, who was a man of great strength, castors : 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2161 



to O'Neill ; and such of them as were not able to come to him sent him tokens 
of submission and presents, except Barry, before mentioned, and the Lord of 
Muskerry, i. e. Cormac, the son of Dermot [Mac Carthy], and O'Sullivan 
Beare, i. e. Donnell, the son of Donnell, son of Dermot. O'Neill obtained 
eighteen hostages of the chieftains of Munster at that camp ; and he remained 
twenty days examining the disputes and covenants of the men of Munster, and 
reconciling them to each other in their contentions. 

Maguire, i. e. Hugh, the son of Cuconnaught, was along with O'Neill at this 
time. One day in the month of March of this year, a short time before the 
festival of St. Patrick, he sent out a troop of cavalry, and another of infantry, to 
scour the districts in the neighbourhood of the camp ; and he did not halt till 
he arrived at the gates of Kinsale, and from thence [he went] to Rinn-Corrain'', 
the castle of Barry Oge, in Cinel-Aedha''. He afterwards returned back with 
preys and spoils, with a deal of accoutrements and flesh meat. As Maguire's 
people were fatigued at the end of the day, after a long journey, on account of 
the vastness of their plunders and spoils, they halted and encamped at the 
nearest [convenient] place, to protect their preys and spoils ; but Maguire set 
out, [resolved] to make no stay or delay until he should arrive at O'Neill's 
camp. When Maguire had left the camp in the morning of that day, a message 
was sent to Cork to Sir Warham Salender^, deputy of the Governor of the two 
provinces of Munster, acquainting him that Maguire had gone forth from the 
camp with a small force, as indeed he had, and [mentioning] the direction in 
which he had passed. Sir Warham did not neglect this thing, but immediately 
assembled a body of vigorous, well-armed, mail-clad horsemen, and marched 
with them from Cork to a narrow defile, by which he was sure Maguire would 
pass on his return back. He had not been long in this ambush" when he saw 



" POSTERIS EDMUNDI o'dONOVAN 

DE GAULSTOWN, GALLI DE BURGO GENEBI, 

VIRIS VERE H0NESTI3 AC PIIS, 

MENTIS CORPORISftUE VI POLLENTIBUS, 

QUORUM CORPORA HIC JACENT SEPULTA; 

AC PR^SERTIM PATRI EDMUNDO, 

DE ATA-TEMORIA, 

QUI OBIIT 29* DIE JTJLII A. D. 1817, 

ET AVUNCULIS GULIELMO ET PATRICIO, 

JOANNES O'dONOVAN 

HOC MONUMENTUM POSUiT." 



* Iltnn-chorram, translated cuspis folds by 
P. O'Sullevan Beare, and anglicised Rincorran. 
— See Pacata Hihemia, book 2, c. xiii. 

1 Cinel-Aedha, now Kinelea, a barony in the 
south of the county of Cork. 

^Salender: i.e. St. Leger, now pronounced, in 
Ireland, Salenger. P. O'Sullevan Beare writes 
it Salincher. 

* Li this ambush — A very different account of 
this transaction is given in the Pacata Hibernia, 

12 T 



2162 



awNata Rio^hachca eiReaNN. 



[1600. 



gaijiir, baoipiurii ipin foapnaibe hipn ac chf TTlajuibip cucca co na uarhab 
imapcploij, -] lap ppaipccy^in a poile Doib nip bo cfim ap cculaib, "] rnp bo pun 
lomjabala, na mfnma cfichme po ba gpepac lap an ci do pmcc hipuibe, ace 
a aiccneab 0apt)ucca6 I apccnarh pop a ajhaiD do bapuccaD a bioDbab 
arfiail Do poine Don chnp pin, uaip po lonnpaij piiirh -\ Sip Uapam a cele 50 
harhnap ainDiappaiD, 1 50 Dana Dupcpoibeac 50 po jon ceccapnae Diob 
apoile. Qcc cfna copcaip Udpam po ceDoip let ITlajuiDip. Do pocpacap 
beop coiccfp Don rhapcploij baf hi ppappab Sip Uapam Id TTldguiDip map an 
cceDna. Qp a aof cpa po jonab 1 po gepcpeajDab eipiurh bubfin ipin lopjail 
pin CO ndp bo hmpfDma ppi ppfpcal anppoplainn Don chup pin. Comb fDh Do 
poine Dol cpfmpa jan aipipiurfi ppi hiomjuin nf bdb pipi, 1 nip bo cian Do 
coib a hionaD an lomaipcc an can Dup painic anbpainne ecca cucca gup bo 
hficcfn DO Dfbail ppi a eoch co nepbail gan puipec ap a hairle. Do coib ar\ 



book 1, c. ii., in wHch it is stated, that "Sir 
Warham St. Leger and Sir Henry Power riding 
out of the Citie for recreation to take the aire, 
accompanied with sundry Captaines and gentle- 
men, with a few horse for their Guard, not 
dreaming of an enemie neere at hand, carelesly 
riding, every one as he thought good; within a 
mile of the Town, or a little more, Sir Warham 
St. Leger, and one of his servants, a little strag- 
gling from his companie, was, in a narrow way, 
suddenly charged by Mac Guire, who, with some 
horse (likewise dispersed), had spread a good cir- 
cuit of ground, in hope either to get some bootie, 
or to have the killing of some Subjects : they 
charged each other. Sir Warham discharged his 
PistoU and shot the Tray tor, and he was strucken 
with the other Horseman's staff in the head, of 
which woundes either of them dyed, but none 
else, on either side, was slaine." 

'' On perceiving each other, lap ppaipccrm 
apoile ooib. This phrase is incorrect language. 
It should be constructed thus : " lap B-paipgpin 
uBioobao nip Bo ceim apj-culuiB oo pome, -| 
nip Bo pun lomjaBalu na meanma reichihe 
po caipelB, ace (map bu gpepac), u aiccneab 



o'dpou jao, -| apccnam pop a ajliciiD oo Bapuc- 
CQD a Bio&Bao." 

° Five of the horsemen It is stated in the Pa- 

cata Hibernia, book 1, c. ii., that Sir Warham 
St. Leger and Maguire were mutually slain by 
each other, but that " none else, on either side, 
were slaine," and it is to be suspected that the 
Four Masters are wrong. P. O'SuUevan Beare 
gives the following account of this rencounter, 
and of O'Neill's expedition to the South of Ire- 
land, in his Hist. Gathol. Iber. Compend., torn. 3, 
lib. 5, c. xii.: 

" Paucis inde diebus in Vltoniani venerunt 
Frater Mathaus Ouetensis Hispanus Dubhlinnse 
Archiepiscopus, & Martinus Gerda nobilis eques 
Hispanus deferentes a Summo Pontifice omni- 
bus, qui pro fide in Anglos anna caperent, in- 
dulgentias, et peccatorum veniam, et Onello 
Phoenicis pennam, & a Rege Catholico Philippo 
Tertio (nam secundus obierat diem) viginti duo 
millia aureorum numorum in militum stipen- 
dium. Hispanis legatis reuersis, Onellus relic- 
tis in Tirona validis prsesidijs ipse cum nonnul- 
lis belli socijs non spernendas copias ducens, & 
visum frustulum sacrosanctse Crucis, quod in 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2163 



Maguire coming on with a small party of cavalry ; and after perceiving each 
other'', the person who had arrived thither did not retreat back, or exhibit a 
desire to shim, or an inclination to fly ; but, rousing up his courage, as was his 
wont, he advanced forwards to kill his enemies, as he did on this occasion, for 
he and Sir Warham attacked each other fiercely and angrily, boldly and reso- 
lutely, and mutually wounded each other severely. But, however. Sir Warham 
was immediately slain by Maguire, and five of the horsemen' who were along 
with Sir Warham were also slain by Maguire ; but he was himself so deeply 
and severely wounded in that conflict, that he was not able to contend with an 
overwhelming force on that occasion, so that he passed through them without 
waiting for further contest ; but he had not passed far from the scene of battle 
when he was overtaken by the languor of death, so that he was obliged to alight 
from his horse, and he expired immediately after. The death of Maguire 



monasterio Sancta; Crucis fuisse fertur, & ex- 
ploratum Ibernorum animos, & an hostis aude- 
ret occurrere, in Momonias hyeme media proce- 
dens in agro Corcachano tentoria collooat. Vbi 
Macguier e castris digressus ab Edmundo Mac- 
caphrio signifero suo, Nello Odurnino, & vno 
sacerdote comitatus incidit in Warhamum Sa- 
liacherum Anglum equitem Auratum Momo- 
niarum prsefectum equitibus sexaginta stipa- 
tum. Inter eos pra;ter publicas inimicitiarum 
causas ea etiam priuata semulatio erat : quod 
Macguieri Iberni, Warliamo Angli praeter om- 
nes partis vtriusque equites fortitudine, & dex- 
teritate palmam, & principem locum deferebant. 
Macguier conspecta hostilis equitatus multitu- 
dine, nee fugere, nee sese dedere ex sua digni- 
tate esse putauit. Sed additis equo calcaribus 
in medios hostes proruit. Ilium hasta vibran- 
tem plumbea glande ex bombardula VVarlia- 
mus ferit. Nihilominus Macguier Warhamum 
hasta appetit & ictum euitare cupientem capi- 
tis declinatione per cassidem transfigit, & has- 
tam a capite pendentem relinquens stricto gla- 
dio per medios hostes euadit, duobus equitibus 
etiam saucijs, & sacerdote sequentibus: rursus- 

12 



que circumacto equo proruens omnes fundit, & 
fugat, nee longe secutus priusquam in castra 
venit ad Onellunj, equo descendens a sacerdote 
expiatus ex vulnere animam efflat. Cuius equus 
postea cibo sponte abstinuisse fertur, donee in- 
edia perierit. VVarhamus quoque ex vulnere 
ad insaniam redactus intra dies quindecim e 
vitaf discessit. Onellus secum deferens Donatum 
Maccarrham Allse competitorem, ne in Anglo- 
rum gratiam rediret, in Vltoniam reuertitur, 
Vrmonio Comite, qui videbatur prselio dimica- 
turus, nihil obstante. Vertebatur annus mil- 
lesimus sexcentesimus, cum Carolus Bluntus 
Montis Ifieti Baro cum proregio imperio mense 
Februario in Iberniam mittitur. Qui profectus 
in Vltoniam omnium antecessorum minime pro- 
gressus Fachartam tantum peruenit. Vbi tri- 
bus amplius mensibus castrametatus, & ab Onello 
quotidianis prselijs, & vallo fossaque ductis in 
itinere interclusus aditu ad Ardmacham, & lu- , 
rem infecta re Dubhlinnam redit. Onellus ni- 
hil memorabile damni fecit prajterquam, quod 
Petrum Lessium Momonium strenuum equitem, 
^ cuius superius mentionem fecimus, bombardse 
iactu in capite vulneratum desiderauit." 

t2 



2164 awNaca Rioshachca eiReawN. [leoo. 

bdp fin TTlheguibip i nucmaiUe mfniTian i i ninipce aiccnib oUa neill, ■] Do 
maicib jaoiDel apcfna. Nip bo maccnao pon ap bd heifibe pinn aja, -\ 
lomjona, pcmc im&fjla, "] anacail cuip poraijhre, -] piilainj, uairne eini^, -| 
fn^nama na noipjiall ina pfiriifp, ") uprhoip jaomel apchfna. 

QrbQiat: apaile ra poipfoh O neiU ap an mumam 50 belcaine ap ccmo 
munbaD oiDhea&TTlheguiDip amlaiD pin. ConiD Co Do poinegabail Don caoibh 
huofp poip DO Chopcaij, Do buchaij an bappai^ moip, do cpfc RoipDec, -| 
DO cloinn ^lobum. Ceileabpaip do mhuinineachaib lap pin, 1 po jeall Dia 
ccaorfipaD on ccoccaD baf paip ace Sa;i:anchoib code do pi&ipi DfiDipjlfoD a 
nimpfpain "] do cpiiD a ccaingfn, -\ Dia pfoDuccaD ppi a poile. Rucc Dna 
Dponj Dia paepclannaib 1 njeillpine, -| 1 njfiitilib laip 50 piacc 50 cfp eojain. 
T?o pdccaib apaill ele Diob 1 nopldirh lapla DfpmuThan,-] Remainn mic Sfain 
abupc. Oo paD a ugDappdp pfin, 1 bapdnrap ap biiannachc Da mile pfp Do 
Diaptnaic 6 concobaip, -| do cloinn cSfam a bupc 1 ngfpalcacaib ap Daij a 
cconganca, -| a ppollamnaijre do bfic ace mpla DfpmuTtian. (,uiD Ua neill 
laprcam a pfiD Dip^e gaca poiD do cliaiD TTldil mic Ujaine, Do Shiuip, lairh- 
Dfp le Caipeal, 56 po baof an lupcip, "] an PpepiDenp 50 napmdil lomoa Do 
rhuip,-| DO cip lap ccecc 50 hat cliar ip na ceD laicib Do TTldpca -| 56 po bai 
lapla ruaDnnuitian -| lapla upmuTnan hi luimneac 1 noipchill ap a jabailpium 
o nofp DO coib piuiti cappa hi pppiofpopcc, "] a pppicmg jaca conaipe in po 
jjab ag Dol Don mumain 50 pocrain Do rap a aip 1 rcfp eo^ain jan cupbaiD 
gan cfccriidil, jan amup bealai j, nd bfpnaD, jan ecc, baD lonniaoiDirh Dpag- 
bdil ua6a, ace TTldguibip a aenap arhail peitiebepcmap. 

lapla upmuman, 1 lapla cuaDmuriian Do Dol o luimneac 1 ccoip Siuipe i 
niapmoipechr f neill, -| ap nDol Do caippib jan racap, jan cCccmail, po 
loipcceab apbap "] poipsnfrh hi ccloinn ^lobuin 1 nouchaij m RiDipe pinD Id 
hiapla ruabmuman. Oo coiDpioc an Da lapla pin 1 mbuicilepacaib, -| ^o 
cill cainnijh comb inncepibe do ponpac an caipcc, -] loccap lap paoipe na 
cdpcc CO hdc cliac Dpiabuccab, "| Donopuccab na noippicceac nua pin can- 
j^acap 1 nepinn .1. CopD mouncioj) an lupcip, -\ Sip Sfoippi Capg PpepiDenp 

* Valour and prowess P. O'SuUevan Beare ' * Cliadh-Mail-mhic- Ugaine, a district lying 

agrees pretty well with this character of Ma- between the hill of Knockany and the moun- 

guire, and Sir John Davis acknowledges that tain of Slieve Eeagh, in the barony of Coshlea, 

he was "a valiant rebel." and county of Limerick See note '', under the 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2165 

caused a giddiness of spirits, and depression of mind, in O'Neill and the Irish 
chiefs in general ; and this was no wonder, for he was the bulwark of valour 
and prowess'', the shield of protection and shelter, the tower of support and 
defence, and the pillar of the hospitality and achievements of the Oirghialla, 
and of almost all the Irish of his time. 

Some assert that O'Neill would not have returned from Munster until the 
May following, had it not been for the death of Maguire. He proceeded to the 
south-east of Cork, and through the country of Barry More, Roche's country, 
and Clann-Gibbon. He then took his leave of the Munstermen, promising them 
that, if he could seize an opportunity during this war waged upon him by the 
English, he would return again to settle their disputes, confirm their covenants, 
and establish peace among them. He took with him to Tyrone some of their 
chieftains, as hostages and prisoners, and left others of them in the hands of the 
Earl of Desmond, and of Redmond, the son of John Burke. He transferred his 
own authority,and gave a warrantyfor the hiring of two thousand men, to Dermot 
O'Conor and the sons of John Burke, in the country of the Geraldines, in order 
that the Earl of 'Desmond might have their assistance. O'Neill then passed 
on through the direct roads by Cliadh-Mail-mhic-Ugaine*, and by the Suir, 
keeping Cashel to the right ; and although the Lord Justice and the President 
had a great army, by land and sea, having landed in Dublin in the first days 
of March, and the Earls of Thomond and Ormond were at Limerick, awaiting 
his return from the south, he passed by them on his return by the same roads 
through which he had gone to Munster, until he got back to Tyrone, without 
receiving battle, opposition, or attack, upon any road or pass, and without losing 
any person of note, except Maguire alone, as we have before stated. 

The Earl of Ormond and the Earl of Thomond set out from Limerick along 
the Suir, in pursuit of O'Neill ; but he having passed them without receiving 
battle or rencounter, the Earl of Thomond burned corn and dwellings in Clann- 
Gibbon, the country of the White Knight. These two Earls [then] proceeded 
to the country of the Butlers, and to Kilkenny, where they passed Easter ; and 
after the Easter holidays, they repaired to Dublin, to welcome and pay their 
respects to the new officers who had come to Ireland, namely, Lord Mountjoy, 

year 1560, note ', under 1570, and a passage a ford on the Morning Star liiver, is rel'erred 
under 1579, p. 1719, supra, in which Athneasy, to as in the very centre of this territory. 



2166 



awNata Rioshachca eiReawN. 



[1600. 



Da coiccib muman. lap noenam a ccuapca do na hiaplabaib pin i noch clmch, 
poaic rap a naip jan puipec, -| an Ppepioenp mapaen pu 50 pansacap 50 
cill cainnig. 

Nip bo cian lap pin 50 po 5aba6 Id coirne enp lapla upnnuman -| Uaicne 
mac RuDpai^e oicc ui rhopDa 50 ccoimUon Daofne, aipm,-) eiDfb la ceaccapnae 
ipm lomaccallairh ipm. T?ucc lapla upmuriian an PpepiDenr -| lapla cuaD- 
Tnuriian. Dia Ifich pfin ipm ccomne pin. Cln can pangocap do Di'b Ifirib gup 
an culaij lomaccalma po cojab fcoppa a ccoifipocpaib beoil dfa pajar. 
bdcrap aj ceappnuccab a ccaingfn,-] ag aignfp ima naccapraib pop a poile 



f Carey. — He wrote it Carew himself, as ap- 
pears from the State Papers ; but his contempo- 
rary, Sir Henry Docwra, writes it Carey. The 
name is now called in Irish Cappun, Carroon, 
in the south of Ireland. For a full account of 
his appointment to the Presidency of Munster 
the reader is referred to the Pacata Hibernia, 
book 1, c. i. ii. and iii. 

« Bd-alha-Raghat, now Ballyragget, a small 
town situated on the left bank of the River Nore, 
in the barony of Fassadinin, and county of Kil- 
kenny, and not far from the boundary of the 
Queen's County. The ruins of the castle of 
Ballyragget are of considerable extent. They 
are situated in the demesne of Ballyragget 
Lodge, which belongs to Kavanagli of Borris- 
Idrone. In the Pacata Hibernia, book 1 , c. iii., 
is given a minute account of the manner in 
which the Earl of Ormond was taken, in a 
joint letter from the Lord President of Munster 
and the E^rl of Thomond to the Lords of the 
Council. In this letter it is stated, that this 
conference was held at a place called Corronne- 
duffe, eight long miles from Kilkenny. There 
are two drawings of the taking of the Earl of 
Ormond which belong to two distinct points of 
time; one in the Pacata Hibernia (ubi svpra), 
which refers to the moment of meeting, when 
both parties were ranged opposite each other, 
and the parley beginning ; and a sketch in Tri- 
nity College, Dublin, which has been engraved 



for Ledwich's Antiquities of Ireland (see second 
Edition, p. 276), which shews the taking of the 
Earl after the conference. 

Leland says, book 4, c. v., " that the rebels 
of all quarters were considerably elated at this 
event, while the friends of Government, in this 
time of danger and jealousy, easily entertained 
suspicions that a leader, who had usually acted 
with due circumspection, could not have ran so 
blindly into danger unless he had formed a clan- 
destine scheme of delivering himself into the 
hands of the rebels." The loyalty of Ormond, 
however, was not suspected by Carew or Tho- 
mond, or even by his enemy. Sir Charles O' Car- 
roll, who, in a letter to the Lord Deputy Mount- 
joy at this period, acknowledges the Earl's loy- 
alty, but observes, that " he hath no heyre male 
of his body to inherit his title," and that his next 
heirs were not over loyal to Her Majesty. This 
wily Irishman then writes : 

"If the Erie of Tyrone (as his fact well de- 
serveth) were cutt off, who were then so mightie 
in Ireland as the Erie's kindred, who, degene- 
ratinge from his Lordship, yf they were once 
invested with that honnor, I will not say they 
would, but may well feare least they would 
follow their old bias, and become as undutyfuU 
as they haue bene. And perhapps it boath is, 
and willbe nedfuU for her Majestie to have a 
duteful subiect nere them that may be a meanes 
to crosse their actions. I know not to what 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2167 



as Lord Justice, and Sir George Carey'^, the President of the two provinces of 
Munster. After having paid this visit to Dublin, the Earls returned back with- 
out delay, accompanied by the President, until they arrived at Kilkenny. 

It was not long after this when a day of meeting was appointed between ' 
the Earl of Ormond and Owny, the son of Rury Oge O'Moreach, to have an 
equal number of men in arms and armour, to hold a conference ; and the Earl 
of Ormond brought the President and the Earl of Thomond to be present, at 
his own side, at that conference. When they arrived at the appointed place, 
which was in the neighbourhood of Bel-atha-Raghat^, they began to state their 
[mutual] covenants, and to argue their claims on each other, until a gentleman" 



end the plott is laid, and followed with such 
heat by his Lordshipp, to cut me off uppon so 
slight an occasion. Yet, consideringe with 
myself my own loialtie (in which I hoappe, by 
God's Grace, boathe I aud myne shall contynue) 
and the occasion of suspition heretofore gyven by 
those who are lick to inheritt after his Lord- 
shipp, it gyves me occasion to suspect that which 
I feare may follow." 

Leiand remarks that Mountjoy, who possibly 
was not dissatisfied at the removal of a man who 
rivalled him in authority, and conceived that 
this event might induce the Queen to send him 
reinforcements from England, affected to treat 
it with indifference. Ormond remained in 
O'More's hands from the 10th of April till 
the 12th of June, when he was set at liberty 
upon delivering sixteen hostages for the pay- 
ment of £3000 — See the Pacata Hibei-nia, book 
1, c. vii. 

'' A gentleman — His name was Melaghlin 

O'More See Ledwich's Antiquities, p. 275. 

Peter Lombard, Comment, pp. 436, 437, 438. 
It looks strange that the Four Masters should 
have known nothing about the real cause of 
the taking of the Earl. Sir George Carew 
writes, that the Earl of Ormond, " after an 
hower, or more, was idly spent, and nothing 
concluded, &c., was desirous to see that infa- 
mous lesuit, Archer, did cause him to bee sent 



for ; assoone as he came, the Earle and hee fell 
into an Argument, wherein hee called Archer 
Traytor, and reproved him for sending, under 
pretext of Religion, her Majesties subjects into 
Rebellion." 

The most curious account of this conference 
is given by P. O'Sullevan Beare in his Hist. 
Gathol. Iter. Compend., tom. 3, lib. 5, c. viii., 
which runs as follows : 

" Interim in Lagenia Huon Omorra Portum 
Lisise arcem commeatu intercludendo in magnas 
angustias deducit. Comes Vrmonius regij ex- 
ercitus imperator arci laturus opem cum am- 
plius quatuor millibus equitatus, & peditatus 
Dubhlinna profectus ad riuulum nomine va- 
dum Nigrum pervenit. Vbi Huon circiter mille, 
& quadringentos milites ducens ilium in aperta 
planicie aggreditur. Acriter, & contentiose 
dimicatur. Huon hostis alas ad agmina ssepe 
compellit, itidem hostis multitudine repulsus. 
Vrmonius eo die milites sexcentos amisit, quo- 
rum corpora asdibus accensis combusit, ne 
intelligeretur tantum sibi damni fuisse illa- 
tum. Nam mos est Anglis occisos suos oc- 
culendi, hostes vero in publicis locis spectan- 
dos collocandi. Catholici sexaginta succubue- 
runt: circiter octoginta sunt vulneribus affecti. 
Vrmonius multitudine militum iter sustinens 
in arcem commeatum intulit. Cathirius, Mau- 
ritius, & lohannes Oconchures Iphalij equites 



2168 awMata Rioghachca en?eaNM, [leoo. 

50 po cuip Duine uapal Do triuinnci|i Uaicne a Idirh i nej^ib, 1 1 napaDnacaib 
eich lapla upTnurhan, 50 po poDairh an riapla a jabdil po 6f6i6. Oc connaipc 
an Ppepioenc 1 lapla cuaomuriian in nf pin poair a neich pop cculaib, -] nf 
po anpac 50 panjacap 50 cill chainnigh. Qcr chCna po jonaD lapla cuaD- 
murtian ipin rfccmail pin. T?ucc Uairne mac Rubpaije lapla upmuTnan Ifip 
ap Dainsni^cib a buirce. l?o bob pccel longnoD peacnon epeann lapla upmu- 
Tnan DobCic lUdim an lonnap pin. Oo beachaib cpa an Ppepioenc, -] lapla 
cuaDmuman ipm cpecrmain lap ngabail lapla upmuman o cill cainij 50 
Popclaipge, aippibe 50 heochoill, 1 o eochoill 50 copcaigh. Oc cualaig 
lapla orpmuThan ~\ pinjin mac Donnchaib meg cdpraij a ccocc an ou pm, 
canjacap 50 lion a rnonoil 50 po jabpac lonjpopc paipping pianbofaij 50 
mbaccap ma cciopcaill booba ap jach caoib Do Chopcaig rfp ■] cuaiD. 
bdrap ppi pe coicciDepi corhlaine arhlaiD pin 50 po gabab oppab miopa ecip 
pinjin nfidg capraij, -j an Ppepioenp, "] lap naiom an oppaioh Croppa Do 
Deachaib lapla ofprnuihan ap puD an cfpe Do cuinjib bfb Dia buanoabaibh. 
O ]io piDip an PpepiDenc, •] lapla cuabmurhan 50 po pccaoilpioc an luce 
bacrap ina nagViaib o apoile, -| 50 mbaof an conaip 6 copcaij 50 luimneac 
poimrecca aca, Ro apccndcap a do no acpi Do ceDaib mapcac 50 mile no Do 
paijDiuip 6 copcaij 50 maij eala, 6 maij eala 50 cill mocellocc, "] o cill 

cum centum peditibus improuiso scalis altis- lit. Hie religiosus motus spe reducendi Vrmo- 

simis admotis Cruochanum castellum, quod in nium ad sanam mentem petit, vt liceat colloqui. 

Iphalia principatu Thomas Morus eques Aura- Colloquendi facultatemVrmonius non negat. Ita- 

tus, & SiiBrdus Angli prsesidio tenebant, as- que ex altera parte Vrmonius Dionysius Obrien 

cendunt, & propugnatoribus occisis expugnant. Tomonise Comes, Lomnachasque princeps, & ' 

Eursus Comes Vrmonius regij exercitus impe- Georgius Caruus Anglus Momoniarum prasfec- 

rator, & Huon Omorra vterque in alterius con- tus equis vecti ; ex altera vero religiosus Arche- 

spectum copias perducit. Erat tunc apud Huo- rus pedes tribus Ibernis militibus comitatus in 

nem Pater lacobus Archerus e Societate lesu vtriusque exercitus conspectu ad colloquium 

Ibernus vir Catholicaj Eeligionis amplificandae conueniunt, nulla incolumitatis fide interposita. 

studiosissimus, periadeque Haeresis hostis ac- Ibi Archerus, qui linguam Anglicam optime 

cerimus, & ob id ab Anglis odio inexpiabili callebat propter Caruum Ibernicum idioma non 

habitus ; quippe qui primum Onello, deinde intelligentem, Anglico sermoue pie, sancteque 

Hucmi, tandem Osulleuano, & alijs Catholicis suo more incipit facere verba. Eum Vrmo- 

praua dogmata oppugnantibus, suo studio, con- nius interrumpit futile quoddam argumentura 

silio, suaque opera, & industria minime defuit, in Summi Pontiticis sanctitatem obijciendo. 

ac sua etiam authoritate Catholicorum agmen Qua re subiratus Archerus cum pristinum oris 

cogens cum Iloereticis signa sspenumero coatu- habitum aliquantum mutasset, & simul baculum. 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2169 

of Owny's people placed his hand on the reins of the bridle of the Earl of 
Ormond's horse, and finally determined to take hira prisoner. When the Pre- 
sident and the Earl of Thomond perceived this, they turned their horses back, 
and did not halt until they arrived at Kilkenny. The Earl of Thomond, how- 
ever, was wounded in that rencounter. Owny, the son of Kury, [then] took the 
Earl of Ormond with him into the fastnesses of his territory ; [and] it was a 
wonderful news all over Ireland that the Earl of Ormond should be detained 
in that manner. 

The week after the taking of the Earl, the President and the Earl of Tho- 
mond went from Kilkenny to Waterford, from thence to Youghal, and from 
Youghal to Cork. When the Earl of Desmond and Fineen, the son of Donough 
Mac Carthy, heard of their arrival -at that place, they set out with all their 
forces ; and, pitching an extensive camp of tents, they formed a wide circle on 
every side of Cork, north and south Thus they remained for a whole fortnight, 
when Fineen Mac Carthy and the President concluded an armistice for a month. 
The armistice being agreed on, the Earl of Desmond went forth through the 
country to procure provisions for his retained soldiers. When the President 
and the Earl pf Thomond learned that their adversaries had parted from each 
other, and that the road from Cork to Limerick was left open to them, they 
went forth with two or three hundred horsemen, and with one or two thousand 
soldiers, from Cork to Magh-Ealla', from thence to Kilmallock, and from thence 

seu stipitem, quo seniles artus sustinebat, dex- discessit. Vrmonius ab Huone custodise man- 

tera forte tolleret, tres Ibemi pedites, qui eutn datus ad fidem Catholicam ab Archero conuer- 

comitabantur, Anglici sermonis ignari, velle re- titur. Sed Onelli iussu veterum amicitiarum 

ligiosum stipite cum Vrmonio congredi, existi- memoris incolumis dimissus iterum ad pristi- 

marunt. Quamobrem periculum, quod inermi num Haeresis vomitum rediuit, de Archero vero 

religioso ab armato impendere putabant, ante- silentio inuoluendum non est, eum Hajreticis 

uertere cupientes duo Urmonium aggressi equo non modo terrori, sed etiam adeo vel admira- 

deturbant, tertius quoque ferrum stringit : in tioni, vel stupori fuisse, vt per maria siccis pe- 

quorum auxilium pluribus accurrentibus ex dibus incedere, per aerem volare, aliaque supra 

Catholico exercitu, multitudinem veriti Comes hominum vires assecutum esse crediderint, inde 

Tomonius, & Caruus se fugaj mandant. In Ar- non Archerum, sed Archidiabolum rectius ap- 

cherum regij magna turba proruunt : Quibus pellandum esse confirmantes." 
Cornelius Orellus ab Huone missus occurrit. ' Magh-Ealla : i. e. the Plain of the River 

Vtrinque equestri pugna & bombardariorum Ealla, or Alio, now the town of Mallow, in the 

velitatione dimicatur, donee nox prailium dire- county of Cork. — See note *, under the year 

merit. Postero die pars vtraque ab eo loco 1598, p. 2080. supra. 

12 u 



2170 



awNata Rio^hachca eiReawH. 



[1600. 



mocellocc 50 luimnec. Cainicc ona lapla ofpTTiurhan hi cconallchoib 50 
focpaice bfprhdip opfirfifi 1 Dpoipcoiriifcr ap an bppepoenp -| ap lapla 
ruabmuTTian. 

ba ipin can ya 00 pala accallairh inclfice ecip an PpepiDenr, 1 lapla 
cuabmuman 00 caoib,-| Oiapmaic mac an oubalcaij ui concobaip Don caoib 
apaill. Neac eip6e baf aj cpfic a ampanie la hiapla DfpmuTTian cap cfnn 
cuillme, -) cuapupcail, peo, 1 porhaoir.e ppi pe mbliabna piap an can pa -] 
bacap ampa lomba lolapoa p6 a pmacc,"] p6 a curhacca an can pin. QpyeaD 
aipfcc po cioncoipcc a ampen 00 biapmaic, lapla Dfpmurhan do raipbepc 
6on PpepiDenp, 1 olapla cuaDmurhan Dap cfnn lonnmaip, 1 eoala, 1 ap 
y'aoippi,-) ap i^ocap Duchaije Do pTin,"] Da gac aon no jebaD laip, -\ po paoiD 



* To deliver up. — P. O'SuUevan Beare tells 
this story somewhat better ; but he and the 
Four Masters were ignorant of the machinery 
set at work by Carew to effect this dishonour- 
able capture of the Sugane Earl. But Carew 
himself, who appears to pride himself on his 
powers of cunning, subtlety, and treachery, has 
thought proper to transmit a detailed account 
of it to posterity in the Pacata Hibemia, from 
which the Editor is tempted to present the rea- 
der with the following abstract of it. - 

The two most powerful leaders of the rebels 
in Munster were James Fitzgerald, commonly 
called the Sugane, or Straw-rope Earl, and Der- 
mot O' Conor . Donn, who commanded fourteen 
hundred bonnaghtmen, or mercenary soldiers, 
consisting of Ulstermen and Connaughtmen, 
employed in the Earl of Desmond's country, by 
commission from O'Neill, the Pope's King of Ire- 
land. This Dermot O'Conor was married to the 
Lady Margaret, the daughter of the late un- 
fortunate Gerald Earl of Desmond, and sister 
to the present heir to that title, who was de- 
tained a prisoner in the Tower of London while 
his dignity and estates were usurped by the 
Sugane Earl. In this complicated state of 
affairs Sir George Carew " resolved to try the 
uttermost of his witt and cunning" to turn 



it to advantage. In a very secret manner he 
provided and sent a fit agent to sound the in- 
clination of the Lady Margaret, and, finding her 
fit to be wrought upon, it was propounded that 
if her husband would take the Sugane Earl 
prisoner, and deliver him into the hands of 
the President, he should receive one thousand 
pounds sterling, and that he should have a com- 
pany of men in pay from the Queen, and other 
conditions of satisfaction to herself and her bro- 
ther. The Lady Margaret, who, by an English 
education, contracted an affection for English 
government, and was particularly solicitous for 
the interests of her brother, naturally hated the 
man who had usurped his dignity by Irish law, 
on O'Neill's authority, and prevailed upon her 
husband to form a scheme for delivering the 
Straw-rope Earl into the hands of the Lord 
President. 

The President's secretary and historian gives, 
as matter of triumph, some very vile details of 
the little and paltry wiles to which the Lord 
President had recourse on this occasion. In 
that age of cold-blooded murders and disho- 
nourable dealings, such details were read with 
amusement, while, to us of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, they sound worse than the history of the 
Ked Indian or the Bushmen of Africa! One 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2171 



to Limerick. The Earl of Desmond then went into the Connelloes with niune- 
rous forces, to reconnoitre and watch the President and the Earl of Thoraond. 
At this time it was that a private interview had taken place between the 
President and the Earl of Thomond, on the one side, and Dermot, the son of 
Dubhaltach O'Conor, on the other. He was one who had been for a year before 
in the military service of the Earl of Desmond, for hire and wages, jewels and 
riches, and he had many hireling soldiers under his jurisdiction and command 
at this time. The resolution which his misfortune suggested to Dermot was, to 
deliver up" the Earl of Desmond to the President and the Earl of Thomond, in 
consideration of receiving wealth and property, and the freedom and profits of 
an estate, for himself and every one who should adhere to him. He sent mes- 



Nugent, who had been a servant to Sir Thomas 
Norris, had turned over to the rebels after the 
death of his good master, and by the efficiency 
of his services acquired their esteem and confi- 
dence ; but, imagining that he could get on bet- 
ter imder the wings of the President, he came 
to submit to him, and to desire pardon for his 
faults committed. Answer was made, that " for 
so much as his crimes and offences had been 
extraordinary, he could not hope to be recon- 
ciled unto the State except he would deserve it 
by extraordinary service, which, saith the Pre- 
sident, if you shall perform, you may deserve, 
not only pardon for your faults committed here- 
tofore, but also some stores of crowns to releeve 
your wants hereafter." He promised to destroy 
either the Sugane Earl or his brother John. As 
a plot was already laid against the Sugane Earl 
by Dermot O'Conor, and as his death could only 
sei"ve to raise up new competitors for his title, 
Nugent was instructed to murder John. He 
seized his opportunity and attempted to de- 
spatch him, but, as his pistol was just levelled, 
he was seized upon and condemned to die. At 
his execution he confessed his desiKn, deolarins 
that the Lord President had many others hired 
and sworn to effect what he intended. 

The plot of Dermot O'Conor for seizing the 

12 



Sugane Earl remained still to be executed, and 
to promote its success all the ingenuity of the 
wily Lord was exerted. At a period when his 
officers expected some manly and honourable 
warfare in the field, he suddenly dispersed his 
forces into different garrisons, in order to in- 
spire the rebels with confidence, and to induce 
the leaders to make the like disposition of their 
troops. He next forged a letter (of which a 
copy is ostentatiously printed in the Pacata Hi- 
hernia), as if addressed by the Lord President 
to James Fitz-Thonias, acknowledging many 
obligations for his secret services to the State, 
and exhorting him to deliver up Dermot O'Co- 
nor alive or dead. Dermot, furnished with this 
letter, which it was to be supposed he had in- 
tercepted, sought an interview with the Sugane 
Earl, took occasion to quarrel with him, and 
took him prisoner, as a traitor, in the name of 
O'Neill ! produced his letter, which was in Ca- 
rew's own handwriting, as a proof of this his 
guilt, and conveyed him, and some of his com- 
panions, to Castlelishin, of which he held the 
command, informing the Lord President of his 
success, and eagerly expecting his reward. But 
before Carew could arrive to receive his priso- 
ner, John Fitz-Thomas, and the spirited rebel, 
Pierce Lacy, who had suspected the real pur- 

u 2 



2172 QNNaca i^io^hachca eiReawN. [1600. 

cecca 50 Innclfice ppif na ropccaiB pn do paijhiD an ppepiDenr, -| an lapla, 
-] po naibmy^ioc a ccupa Dibli'nibh arhlaib pin. Nf po Ificc rpa Diapmair hi 
ppaill an ni po ccapar laimh uaip po jabab laip (m a poile laice a rcopac 
mip lunii na bliaDna po) lapla Dfpmurhan ma oipeccap pfin i ccfiprmf6on a 
cipe, -| a ralman ap pob abbal curhacca Diapmaca, 1 poprap lolapba a 
baoine ipin rip ipin. 1 lap ngabail an lapla laip ap e lonao in po Id Dia 
lomcoirrircr e 1 mbaile do bailcib an lapla pfin .1. Caiplen an lippfn i njle- 
mfoon gfpalcacli. T?o cuip lion a imbiDin, "| bapDacca an baile do cfiripn 
connacraish i ccaoirhrecc an lapla Dia lOTncoiriifrc ipin mbaile ipin. Oo 
6616 pfin hi ccfnn aile Don ci'p 50 po paoiD a recca 1 ccfnn an Ppepioenp -] 
lapla ruabriiurhan Daipnfip pjel Doib, 1 Do cuingiD gac nfirh po jeallaD do 
Dap cfnn an lapla. 

Oc cualarap geopalcai^ jabail an lapla -| a bfic ipin eiccfnodil ippaibe 
po cionoilpioc pliocc ITluipip mic^eapailr ap jac aipm i mbdcap i na poile 
laice I ccorhpocpaib caiplfin an lippin. Cdnaicc ann Din TTlac muipip ciap- 
paije .1. paccpaicin, mac comaip, niic emainn "] an PiDipe ciappaijec .1. 
Uilliam, mac Sfain, mic Uilliam, RiDipe an jlfnna 6mann, mac comdip, mic 
Gmainn, mic comdip, Qn RiDipe pionn .1. 6mann, mac Sfain "] Dfpbpacaip 
Don lapla buDfin .1. Sfan, mac comdip puaiD, "j Duine uapal Do bupcacaib 
Diap bo hainm uilliam, mac Sfain na pfmap mic piocaipo pa;ranai5 baof ap 
popDab 1 ppocaip an lapla 6 po hoiponeab e ma lapla 50 nuicce pin. lap 
ccocc Doibpibe uile hi ccfnn a poile nip bo cian po bdcap i niomaccallaim 
an can po chinnpioc laD pfin do poinn ap cfcpamnaib an baile, -] Dol Da 
pobaipc po ceDoip, -| jan Dfjain Do jpdb a ccopp, no a ccaomanmann 50 
mbfnDaJp an ciapla ap Ddip no Dficcfn. Ro cfimnijpfc ap a haicle pop a 
ccfpcashaib 50 panjacap 50 mupaib an baile, -] nf po pdchaijpioc eiccfn, no 
anppoplann Da ppuaippioc, -] do ponpacc bpig mbicc Dia po mapban, -] Dm 
po muohaijfb Dia muinncip 50 po gaboD an baile pop an mbdpDa leo po 
bfoib, -] 50 ccapDpac an ciapla app oaimbfoin jan puapcclao uabaib Dia 

pose of O'Conor, mustered four thousand meu ' Caislen-an-lisin: i. e. the Castle of the Little 

of their followers and rescued the Sugane Earl. Fort, translated Castellum Castri by P. O'Sulle- 

The career of Dermot O'Conor was afterwards van Beare, Hist. Caihol. Ibern., fol. 169. This 

brief and inglorious, and his fate tragical, as he castle is described in the Pacata Hibernia as 

richly merited by his base treachery. near the great fastness of Connilloe. Its ruins 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2173 

sengers privately with these conditions to the President and the Earl, and they 
mutually ratified these covenants. Dermot did not neglect what he had taken 
in hand, for he took the Earl of Desmond prisoner, one day in the beginning 
of the January of this year, at a meeting of his own people, in the very middle 
of his own territory and land ; for Dermot's power was great, and his men were 
numerous, in that territory. And, after having taken the Earl prisoner, he sent 
him to be incarcerated in one of the Earl's own castles, namely, in Caislen-an- 
Lisin', in the very heart of the country of the Fitzgeralds. He left a sufficient 
number of guards, consisting of Connaught kerns, to defend and guard the 
castle, along with the Earl, and to keep him there. He himself repaired to 
another part of the territory, and sent his messengers to the President and the 
Earl of Thomond, to tell them the news, and to demand what haibeen pro- 
mised him for [securing] the Earl. 

As soon as the Geraldines heard of the capture of the Earl, and the perilous 
position in which he was placed, the descendants of Maurice Fitzgerald col- 
lected from every quarter, on a certain day, to the neighbourhood of Caislen- 
an-Lisin. Thither repaired Mac Maurice of Kerry, i. e. Patrickin, the son of 
Thomas, son of Edmond ; the Knight of Kerry, i. e. William, the son of John, 
son of William ; the Knight of Glin, i. e. Edmond, the son of John, son of 
Thomas ; the White Knight, i. e. Edmond, the son of John ; and the bro- 
ther of the Earl himself, i. e. John, the son of Thomas Roe ; and a gentleman 
of the Burkes, whose name was WiUiam, the son of John of the Shamrocks, sou 
of Richard Saxonagh, who had been retained in the service of the Earl since 
he had been appointed Earl until then. All these having met together, they 
were not long in consultation when they came to the resolution to divide them- 
selves in four divisions for the four quarters of the castle, and proceed forth- 
with to attack it, and not to look to the love of body or precious life, until they 
should rescue the Earl by consent or violence. They then advanced straight 
forward until they arrived at the walls of the castle ; and they felt not the 
resistance or opposition they received, and they made little account of the num- 
bers of their men who were killed and destroyed, until at last they took the 
castle from the warders, and rescued the Earl out, in despite of them, without, 

are still visible in the townland of Castle-Ishin, not far irom the borders of the county of Lime- 
parish of Knocktemple, in the county of Cork, rick. 



2174 aNNQca Riosbachca eiReawN. [i600. 

cionri, gan puiliuccab, gan poippoeapccaD paip pfin. Oo paopac mairfrh 
nanacail Don bdpoa. 

Do coiDh cpa an jabail pin lajila ofprnuman a nifrhfp, -] a mfonoip do 
Diapmaic o concobaip peachnon epeann, -] lap nool Don lapla i mfpcc a 
tnuinncipe ciicc poccpa do Diapmaic, -j od gac Connaccac bai ma pocaip, -j 
Da ccfireapnaib an cfp Dpdccbdil. Oo ponpac laparh po ceooip innpin,-] locap 
a sfpalrachaib 50 niomac nionnmapa 1 neDala, niTnipgfD, -\ naipnfipi co ndp 
bupupa apiom a puccpac connaccaij Dilcenel gaca heoala piaih "| laparii 
a ^fpalcacaibh ppi hfoh a nfpaonca pfin pjii poile 56 pin. 

Q ccopac mfplul apa haicle Do jluaip an Ppepioenp, 1 lapla cuabniu- 
irian 50 rrionol ccaiDbpeac Do paijDiuipib 6 luimneac Don caob ba cuain do 
Shionamn piap cpe connrae an cldip 50 panjarap baile mej colmdm 1 ccpioca 
ceo copcobaipcinD aiprfpaiji. Oo coiDpioc annpin 1 nimloccaD rap Sionainn 
50 cloic jlfnna baile eipioe pil pop bpuac na Sionna Don caoib rfp,i po ba6 
DO bailrib l?iDipe an jlfnna €,-\ bd on r.slfnn pin ina bpml an baile .1. jlfnn cop- 
bpaije po hammmjeaD an RiDipe, -\ an clocpoin gup ap cpuinmjh an con^dip 
mop Dia paijiD. Udnaicc opDandp mop 6 Inimneac 1 naprpaijib 1 ccoinne 
an PpepiDenp, "] lapla cuabmiiman Don baile ceDria. Qp puiDe Doib pe na 
aghaiD Do cuaib aca ap in mbaile po cfnn od Id,-] do bpipfccap bla6 De lap 
an opDandp mop. l?o linjpior e Da gqc caoib ap a haicle, 1 po mapbpar 
pice, no Do Do paopclannoib, ■] Daopclannoib Do muinncip an RiDipe bdcap 
aj5 bapDacc an baile 50 pocaiDe Do mnaib -| do mionDaoimb. T?o mapbab 
bfop Dpfm DO rhuinnnp an ppepiDenp, 1 an lapla Idp an mbdpDa, -] nfp ho 
pobainj an baile pin do jabdil munbaD pccaoileaD a rhuincipe piap an can 
pin 6 lapla ofpinurTian. 

Oc cualaij O Concobaip ciappaije .1. Sfan mac Concobaip uf concobaip 
apmdil an cipe ap ccanuccaD, ~\ clocb jlfnna ap na ^abail jan juin, jan 
5uapacc do coiD 1 ccfnn an ppepiDenp ~[ an lapla, "^ do jeall a bfic Daoin Ific 

"■ Baile- Mic-Colmain, now Colmanstown, a P. O'Sullevan Beare in his Hist. CcUhol. Iber., 

townland in the parish of Killofin, barony of fol. 170: "Quibus domesticis perturbationibus 

East Corca-Vaskin Clonderalaw, and county of dum Catholici fluctuant et conficiuntur, Caruus 

Clare.— See note i, under 1581, p. 1760, supra. yaWirvi^em {Clock- Gleanna) equitis Aurati Val- 

" Cloch-Gleanna. This was the name of the lis arcem tormentis quassam in suam potestatem 

castle of Glin, in the north-west of the county redigit." This castle was 102 feet in length 

of Limerick. It is translated Vallirupes by and 92 in breadth. A plan of it, as then be- 



16(J0.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2175 

indeed, paying the price of his ransom, and he himself without being wounded 
or losing a drop of blood. They extended mercy and protection to the warders. 

This capture of the Earl of Desmond had spread abroad to disrespect and 
dishonour of Dermot O'Conor ; and when the Earl went among his people he 
gave warning to Dermot, and to every Connaughtman who was with him, and 
to their kerns, to quit the country. This they immediately did ; and they 
carried with them from the country of the Geraldines much wealth, moveable 
property, and cattle ; and it would be difRciUt to enumerate all the diiferent 
kinds of spoils which the Connaughtmen carried off from the Geraldines before 
and after their contentions with each other on this occasion. 

In the beginning of July following, the President and the Earl of Thomond 
set out from Limerick witli a fine muster of soldiers, and marched westwards 
along the northern side of the Shannon, through the county of Clare, until they 
arrived at Baile-Mic-Colmain", in the cantred of East Corca-Bhaiscinn ; [and] 
from this they ferried themselves across the Shannon to Cloch-Gleanna", a castle 
on the southern bank of the Shannon. 

The castle at which this great host had gathered was one of the castles of 
the Knight of Glin ; it is situated in Gleann-Corbraighe, from which it received 
the name of Cloch-Gleanna, and the Knight the appellation of Ridire-an- 
Ghleanna". Heavy ordnance were brought in vessels from Limerick to meet 
the Earl and the President here. Having sat before the castle, they reduced 
it in two days, and made a breach in it with the heavy ordnance. They then 
rushed into it from every side, and slew a score or two of gentlemen and ple- 
beians of the Knight's people, who were guarding the castle, together with 
some women and children. Some of the President's and Earl's men were also 
slain by the warders ; and it would not have been easy to take the castle were 
it not that the Earl of Desmond's people had previously dispersed from him. 

As soon as O'Conor Kerry, i. e. John, the son of Conor, heard that the forces 
of the country had been thinned, and that the castle of Glin had been taken 
without difficulty or danger, he repaired to the President and the Earl, and 
promised thenceforward to be on the side of his Sovereign. He gave up his 

sieged, is given in the Pacaia Hibemia, Dublin or the Valley, so called from Glin, anciently 
edition of 1810, p. 112. Glencorbry, in the north-west of the county of 

° Ridire-an- Ghleanna : i. e. the Knight of Glin, Limerick. 



2176 aHMQca Rioshachca eiReawH. [leoo. 

Id a ppionnpa 6 ym amac. Oo jiao a baile .]. cajipacc an puill t)o bpuim 
coinjill, ") connapra Don ppepioenf, "| Don lapla. O po clop a ccoicanne lii 
cciappaije -\ hi cclomn muipip mumnrfp na bainpiojna Dpajbdil an aiffpa 
pin ap a nfpccaipDib do jabpac ace bpipfo a mbailceab, "| ace paccbdil a 
ndici jce, ■] a noundpup obela opiaiere, Ruccpac a mna -] a muinnceapa ap 
ciilaibh a ccnoc cfnD japb, ~\ a ccoillceab cluraipDiarhpa a ccoip mainge, "] 
1 ecomhpocpaibh Dfpmurhan. 

Ctn ran Dm po piDip an ppepiDenr, i an riapla (.i. cuaDimurhan) 50 po 
reichpioc an cip uile Duprhop ap gac caeb Dpeil, "| Do capdn do cuippioc 
pai5Diuipi 50 Ific pnarha 1 njapupun. Lonjpopc rnhfic nuiipip eipiDe, lonnap 
50 mbaof japapun udra i licc pndrha, 1 ccappaicc an puill hi ccloic glfnoa, 1 
neapp jeibcine, 1 ppmnainD, 1 rrpdigh If, 1 napDpfpra,iUiop carain,-| 1 mbailnb 
cloinne muipip ap cfna cenmocd liop cuarail. Ro pill an PpepiDenp, -j 
lapla ruabmuman 50 luimneac lap mbpfir buaba pop an cupup pin, 1 cainicc 
Dia pccijib upmop conallac conncae luimnig -\ caonpaije ap nfip^e Doib 1 
naghaib lapla DfpinuTTian 50 mbdrap Daoinlfic la a bppionnpa. 

TTlac muipip ciappaije .1, parpaiccin, mac comdip, mic eniainn, mic 
romdip Do ecc hi mfbon a aoipi, 1 a aimpipe lap mbfic Do 1 naenraib lapla 
Dfpmurhan ipin ccoccab pempaice. Rob oDbap eceaoine pfp a cpoca, a pola, 
■) a pialcaipe Deec inellma amlaib pin. Q mac comdp Do ^abdil a lonaiD. 

Qn RoipDeach .1. TTiuipip, mac DauiD, mic muipip, mic DauiD Do ecc a mf 
lun na bbabna po, macaerh poicim, poibealbDa, pojlamca illaiDin, 1 ngaoib- 
ilcc, -) 1 mbepla eipibe. Q mac .1. OauiD Do jabatl a lonaiD. 

P Carraic-an-phoill, now Carrigafoyle, ot the Capan or Cashen River. The name Casan, or 

Shannon, in the barony of Iraghticonor, and Capan Cmpai je, i. e. the path of Kerry, it 

county of Kerry See note ", under the year being, as it were, the high road into the coun- 

1580, p. 1730, supra. try, was originally applied to this river as far as 

'^ Kerry — By Kerry is here meant Iraghtico- it is navigable for a currach or ancient Irish 

nor, or O'Conor Kerry's country. leather boat; and the church of Disert Trial- 

'' Fial, now anglice the Feale, a river rising in laigh, near Listowel, is referred to in an an- 

the barony of Duhallow, near the borders of the cient Irish manuscript, quoted by Duald Mac 

counties of Cork, Kerry, and Limerick, and, Firbis, as on the margin of theCapunCiapaije. 

flowing in a north-westerly direction, passes by — See Genealogies, Tribes, ^c, of Hy-Fiachrach, 

Abbeyfeale and Listowel, and meets the River p. 38, note J. 

Brick, to the north of Rattoo, from which point » Askeaton. There is a view of the castle and 

their united waters form what is now called the monastery of Askeaton, as taken on this occa- 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2177 

castle, i. e. Carraic-an-phuilP, upon certain covenants and conditions, to the 
President and the Earl; 

As soon as it was generally heard through Kerry*" and Cknmaurice that 
the Queen's people had gained this triumph over their enemies, they [the inha- 
bitants] proceeded to demolish their castles ; and, leaving their mansions and 
residences wide open, they brought their women and families to the rear of 
their rough-headed hills, and their shady and solitary woods along the River 
Mang, and in the vicinity of Desmond. 

When the President and the Earl (i. e. of Thomond) learned that the greater 
number of the inhabitants of the country, on each side of the FiaF and the 
Casan, had fled from their habitations, they placed garrisons in the castle of 
Lixnaw, the residence of Mac Maurice, as also in Carraic-an-phuill, the Rock 
of Ghn, Askeaton', Fianaind', Tralee, Ardfert, and Lis-Cathain", and throughout 
all the castles of Clanmaurice, excepting Lis-Tuathail". The President and the 
Earl of Thomond returned to Limerick, having gained the victory on that ex- 
pedition ; and the greater part of the inhabitants of Connello, in the county of 
Limerick, and of Kerry, came to them, having turned against the Earl of Des- 
mond, and joined their Sovereign. 

Mac Maurice of Kerry, i. e. Patrickin, the son of Thomas, son of Edmond, 
son of Thomas, died in the prime of his life, after having joined the Earl of 
Desmond in the aforesaid war. It was a cause of lamentation that a man of 
his personal form, blood, and hospitality, should thufe die in his youth. His son, 
Thomas, assumed his place. 

The Roche, i. e. Maurice, the son of David, son of Maurice, son of David, 
died in the month of June of this year. He was a mild and comely man, learned 
in the Latin, Irish, and English languages. His son, i. e. David, took his place. 

sion, given in the Pocata/ZtJemia, book 1, cviL book 1, c. x., where there is a long account 

— See Dublin edition of 1810, p. 94. given of Florence Mac Carthy's attempt to get 

' Fianaind, now Fianait, and an^lice Fenet, a possession of thi^castle, which is not half a mile 

townland with the ruins of a church and castle, distant from Ardfert. 

on a point of land extending into Tralee Bay, in '"Lis-Tuathail, now Listowel, a small town on 

the barony of Troughanacmy, county of Kerry, the bank of the Kiver Feale, in the barony of 

" Lis-Cathain, now Liscahan, a castle in the Iraghticonor, and county of Kerry. A plan of 

parish of Ardfert, barony of Clanmaurice, and this castle is given in the PacataMfterrua, book 1, 

county of Kerry — See the Pacaia Uibemia, c. x., Dublin edition of 1810, p. 120. > 

12 X 



2178 awwa^a uio^hachca eiReawH. [i6oo. 

' O cfpbaill .1. an calbach mac uilliam uiDip, mic pipganainm, mic maol- 
puanaib do mapbaD a mf lul le pooaofnib uaiple do pol ccfpbaiU, -\ Do piol 
mfcaip. pfp coljDa, copancach an calbac pin, uille cpuaiD la a comappanaib 
jail, -\ gaoibel, RiDipe Dainm "| Donoip a hujDappap an ppionnpa. 

lomac canjilfc, "] consal, Dfpccmapcpa, -] oopcab pola in po Dioraijicc 
Dpongbui&ne Dfpfriie do cabaipc ecip Sa;rancaib ■) gaoiDil laijfn ipin pam- 
paDh po. 

Uaicne o mop&a Do Ificcfn lapla upmuman amac a mi lun -| pe bpaijDe 
Decc Do jabail Do app do ceDmacaib,") DoiDpfDaib na paepclann pob onopaije 
barap pomamaijce Don lapla a njioll le corhall jac coingell, -| jac aip- 
cfccal Dap hiomnaipcceaD aip ma puapcclaD. 

Qn ruaicne ceDna mac Ru&paije oicc mic RuDpai^e caofc ui mopba, po 
ba Duine uapal oipDfipc, oDbclopach, lompaiceach pe hachaiD, do rhapbaD 
la mmnncip na bainpiojna i nanppoplann lomaipicc eccualainj po pfpaD 
fcoppa Diblinib a ccorhpocpaib laoijipi a mi Ctujupc na bliaDna po. ba mop 
cpa po cuip an mapbaD pin Do jail Do jaipcceab,"] Do jeppairceacc gaoiDel 
laijfn "1 6peann uile pop cculaib. Dume eipiDe baf ina aen oiDhpe o cfpr 
ap a Duchaig,"! Dobfn uplamap a arapDa a lop a lama, i a cpuap a cpoiDe 
a Dopnaib Danap, -) DeopaD aj a mbaoi a pemDfple ag Dol i puDpacup pe 
hachaiD poime pin 50 ccapDpom 1 po a pmacc, "1 po a cumacroibh buofin, po 
bpfic a maop,-) a buannaoh Dopfip gnaraicje gaoibeal co na baof aon baile 
Dia arapba ina peccmaip 6 op 50 hop jen mo rd pope laoi jipi na ma. 

. '^Calvoffh, — He was the Sir Charles O'Carroll " But the best service at that time done was 

who wrote the letter to the Lord Deputy above the killing of Owney mac Rory, a bloody and 

quoted, p. 2166. bold young man, who lately had taken the Earl 

^ Was slain. — P. O'SuUevan Beare states, that of Ormond prisoner, and had made great stirs 

Owny O'More, having incautiously separated in Munster. He was the chief of the O'More's 

from his people, was shot through the body by sept in Leax, and by his Death (17th of August, 

a musket-ball. Fynes Moryson g(ves a curious 1600) they were so discouraged that they never 

account of the Lord Deputy's expedition into after held up their Heads. Also a bold, bloody 

Leix, on which he slew this celebrated Irish Rebel, Callogh mac Walter, was at the same 

chieftain ; and the Editor is tempted to present Time killed ; besides that, his Lordships stay- 

the reader with Moryson's own words, as they ing in Leax till the 23rd of August, did many 

are excedingly important in shewing the high other Ways weaken them ; for during that time 

state of cultivation to which Owny O'More had he fought almost every Day with them, and as 

brought the territory of Leix at this period : often did beat them. Our Captains, and, by 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2179 

O'CarroU, i. e. Calvagh'', the son of William Odhar, son of Ferganainm, son 
of Mulrony, was killed, in the month of July, by some petty gentlemen of the 
O'CarroUs and O'Meaghers. This X)alvagh was a fierce and protecting man, a 
strong arm against his English and Irish neighbours, and a knight in title and 
honour by authority of the Sovereign. 

In this summer many conflicts, battles, sanguinary massacres, and blood- 
sheds, in which countless troops were cut off, took place between the English 
and Irish of Leinster. 

Owny O'More set the Earl of Oi'mond at liberty in the month of June, 
having received in his place sixteen hostages, consisting of the eldest sons and 
heirs of the most honourable gentlemen who were subject to the Earl, as pledges 
for the fulfilment of every condition and article* agreed upon for his liberation. 

The same Owny, son of Eury Oge, son of Rury Caech O'More, who had been 
for some time an illustrious, renowned, and celebrated gentleman, was slain' 
by the Queen's people in an overwhelming and fierce battle which was fought 
between them on the borders of Leix, in the month of August of this year. 
His death was a great check to the valour, prowess, and heroism of the Irish 
of Leinster and of all Ireland. He was, by right; the sole heir to his territory 
[of Leix], and had wrested the government of his patrimony, by the prowess 
of his hand and the resoluteness of his heart, from the hands of foreigners and 
adventurers, who had its fee-simple possession passing into a prescribed right 
for some time before, and until he brought it under his own sway and jurisdic- 
tion, and under the: government of his stewards and bonnaghts, according to 
the Irish usage ; so that there was not one village, from one extremity of his 
patrimony to the other, which he had not in his possession, except Port-Leix 
[Maryborough] alone. 

their Example (for it was otherwise painful), ways and Paths so well beaten, as the Lord 

the common Soldiers, did cut down with their Deputy here found them. The reason whereof 

Swords all the Rebels Corn, to the Value of was, that the Queen's Forces, during these wars, 

£10,000 and upwards, the only Means by which never till then came amongst them." 
they were to live, and to keep their Bonnaghts Then it is quite clear that civilization and 

(or hired Soldiers). It seemed incredible that agriculture would have advanced in this coun- 

by so barbarous Inhabitants the Ground shovdd try if the Queen's forces had never come into 

be so manured, the fields so orderly fenced, the it. By this observation Moryson shews who the 

Towns so frequently inhabited, and the High- barbarous people really were, for, certainly, the 

12 X 2 



2180 



awNata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[1600. 



lap pjaoileab Da Dibfpccacaib eacrapceneoil 6 lapla Drpmuriian do c6i6 
5Uf an uachaD floj Do pala ina pocaip 50 caiplen na Ttiainge. Nf bai eim 
DO DajDaoinib jCpalcac Daon aonra ppipp, no ag congnarh laip ace mac an 
mhfic muipif fin ya hecc po aipnfibfiom .1. romap, mac parpoicin -\ RiDipe 
an jlfnDa, 1 Piapup occ Dolep. 

Sgpibenn Do ceacc a Sa;coib Don mAimain 1 mf lull no bliaDna po, -| ba he 
a rocachc, TTlac occ lapla Dfpmuman .1. Semup mac ^O^^iO, mic Sfain, baf 
1 ngiallnup ag an mbainpiojam (a ccionaiD a acap,-] Dfpbpafpac a arap Do 
bol hi ccoccaD puippe) Do IfigCn ap a cimiDecc lap an mbainpiojain lap nDol 
pd na 5papaib do, lap mbfic bliabain ap pichic 1 ccuimpech le. 6aof bfop 
ipin p5pibenn pin a eppuaccpa hi ccorhbdlaib -] 1 mbailcib mopa muman 50 
paibe an rocc mac pm .1. Semup mac ^eapoirc aj ceacr anoip ina lapla 
onopach a hujDappdpan ppionnpa, -] 50 ppuicceaD gach aon Dia Duchaij bai 



people who manured the fields so well, and 
fenced them so orderly, in the absence of the 
soldiers of the invaders, who destroyed all til- 
lage, should not be called barbarians. 

^ Pierce Oge Be Lacy. — See note under the 
year 1186, p. 75, supra. He is called Petrus 
Lessius by P. O'Sullevan Beare, and Pierce 
Lacy in the Pacata Hibernia. 

' A letter This letter, which exhibits deep 

political craft and wisdom, was written, in the 
Queen's name, by the Chief Secretary, Cecil, to 
Sir George Carew, Governor of Munster, on the 
1st of pctober, 1600, and has been published in 
the Pacata Hibernia, book 1, c. xiv. 

'' Gone under her mercy This phrase is in- 
correct, or at least has no meaning, because he 
had been under her mercy for twenty-one years. 
It should be: " after he had promised to be faith- 
ful and active in suppressing the rebellion and 
the Pope's religion in Ireland." 

'An honourable Earl. — He was but provision- 
ally restored, for Carew was directed either to 
deliver or retain his patent according to the 
expediency of affairs, and the services he might 
be able to perform. It appears that this youth 
had been carefully educated, from his childhood, 



as a Protestant, in the Tower of London, by 
order of the Queen, who wished to preserve him 
for State purposes. He was sent over under the 
conduct of a Captain Price, a sober and discreet 
gentleman, and an old commander in the wars, 
who landed with his charge at Youghal, on the 
14th day of October, and proceeded thence to 
Mallow, where he presented to Sir George Ca- 
rew the heir of the great rebel, and Her Ma- 
jesty's letter, signed by Cecil, and her letters 
patent, under the great seal of England, for his 
restoration in blood and honour. Carew, to make 
trial of the disposition and affection of the new 
Earl's kindred.and followers, consented that he 
might make a journey from Mallow into the 
county of Limerick, accompanied by Meyler 
Magrath, Archbishop of Cashel, and Master 
Boyle, Clork of the Council (afterwards the 
great Earl of Cork). They came to Kilmallock, 
one of the strongholds of his ancestors, towards 
the evening, where he was at first received with 
the warmest and most enthusiastic welcome by 
the people, and almost immediately after viewed 
with feelings of loathing and abhorrence. But 
this strange vicissitude will be best narrated in 
the words of Carew himself, or of his secretary. 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2181 



After his strange insurgents had dispersed from the Earl of Desmond, he 
repaired with his few remaining forces to Castlemaine. None of the Geraldine 

' chieftains [now] sided with oft assisted him, except the son of that Mac Maurice 
whose death we have recorded, namely, Thomas, the son of Patrickin, the 
Knight of Glin, and Pierce Oge De Lacy''. 

A letter" came from England to Munster in the month of July [recte October] 
of this year, the purport of which was, that the young son of the Earl of Des- 
mond, i. e. James, the son of Garrett, son of James, son of John, who was 
detained by the Queen as a hostage, in revenge of his father and father's brothers 

, having rebelled against her, had been released from his captivity by the Queen, 
after he had gone under her mercy", and after he had been kept by her twenty- 
one years in captivity. It was, moreover, [ordered] in this letter that it should 
be proclaimed throughout the assemblies and great towns of Munster that this 
young son, i. e. James, the son of Garrett, was going over as an honourable 
Earl", by the authority of the Sovereign ; and that every one in his country who 



Stafford, as printed in the Pacata Hibernia, 
book 1, c. xiv. : 

" And to Master Boyle his Lordship gave 
secret charge, as well to observe the Earle's 
waies and cariage, as what men of quality, or 
others, made their addresse unto him, and with 
what respects and behaviour they caried them- 
selves towards the Earle, who came to Kilmal- 
lock upon a Saturday, in the Evening ; and by 
the way, and at their entry into the Towne, 
there was a mightie concourse of people, inso- 
much as all the Streets, Doores, and Windowes, 
yea, the very Gutters and tops of the Houses, 
were so filled with them, as if they came to see 
him whom God had sent to bee that Comfort 
and Delight their soules and hearts most de- 
sired ; and they welcomed him with all the ex- 
pressions and signs of loy, every one throwing 
upon him "Wheat and Salt (an ancient Cere- 
mony vsed in that Province, ' upon the Election 
of their new Majors and Officers, as a Predic- 
tion of future peace and plenty). That night 
the Earle was invited to Supper to Sir George 



Thornton's, who then kept his House in the 
Towne of Kilmallock ; and although the Earle 
had a Guard of Souldiers, which made a Lane 
from his lodgings to Sir George Thornton's 
House, yet the confluence of people that flockt 
thither to see him was so great, as in halfe an 
houre he could not make his passage thorough 
the crowd, and after Supper he had the like 
encounters at his returne to his lodging. The 
next day, being Sunday, the Earle went to 
Church to heare divine service, and all the 
way his countrey people vsed loud and rude 
dehortations to keep him from Church, unto 
which he lent a deaf ear ; but, after Service 
and the Sermon was ended, the Earle comming 
forth of the Church was railed at & spat upon 
by those that, before his going to Church, were 
so desirous to see and salute him : Insomuch as, 
after that publike expression of his Religion, 
the town was cleered of that multitude of 
strangers, and the Earle, from thenceforward, 
might walke as quietly and freely in the towne, 
as little in effect followed or regarded as any 



2182 aNNQta Rioghachca eiReaNN. [1600. 

hi ccoccab 56 y^in ai^ecc a pola -] a onopa, -] nfrhcuimne aji a coipib, -] pillfo 
rap a mp do paijiD an ppionnpa, -] an lapla oicc pi. 6a he cpac pa ccainicc 
an ciapla 6cc pempaice 50 hepmn 50 rapmdil moip amaille ppip on mbain- 
piogam a ini occobep do ponpaD. Clp rrecc do 50 Copcaij do coid an 
PpepiDenp, -\ lapla cuaDmurhan ma cfnn Dia piabuccan. Uangacap lapam 
Diblinib 50 maij eala 50 cill moceallocc -] 50 luinnneac, Udnaicc gup an 
lapla occ jac ouine Daiccpebcacaib gfpalrach ap ppaicpin na pi'ppiifirhe 
bunaiD Doib,"| an Dpeam aga paibe lomcoirhfcc caiplfin na niainge o Shemup, 
mac comdip cuccpac piDe an baile Don lapla occ .1. Do Shemup mac jeapoicc, 
-| DO pao an riapla a pealb Don ppepiDenp. Ni bai Din aen baile 1 noplairh » 
ITIhfic muipip .1. romap ace liop cuarail arhain amail a Dubpamap, ■] 516 
eipiDe po gabaD e Id jobepnoip Ciappaije .1. Sip peplup Uolmenc a mf nouem- 
bep na blioDna po. 

Injfn lapla cua&muman onopa injfn concobaip mic DonnchaiD iif bpiam, 
bfn an rhfic muipip pm a Dubpamap do rocc ap rficfrh pojla, -\ Dibfipge a pip 
DiaDiichaij ap ppoce;cion an PpepiDenp -] lapla ruabmurtian -] a hecc lap pin 
1 nDaingfn meic macjarhna, 1 a haDhnacal 1 mainipcip innpi. 

QpD conpapal jfpalcach .1. Ruaibpi, mac majnupa, mic emainn, mec 
pichigh Decc. 

other private Gentleman. This true relation I ther's inheritances, and thereby become their 

the rather make, that all men may observe how Lord, and their Rents (now paid 40 the Crown) 

hatefuU our Religion, and the Professors thereof, woiild, in time, be conferred upon him. These, 

are to the ruder and ignorant sort of people in considerations assured the President that his 

that Kingdome. For, from thenceforward, none personal being in Munster would produce small 

of his father's followers (except some few of effects, but onely to make tryal of what power 

the meaner sort of Freeholders) resorted vnto he had." 

him ; and the other great Lords in Munster, The only service that this young Earl was 

who had evermore beene overshadowed by the able to perform, was the recovery of Castle- 

greatnesse of Desmond, did rather feare then main for the Crown, by his negotiations with 

wish the advancement of the young Lord. But Thomas Oge Fitzgerald, the Constable. Having 

the truth is, his Religion, being a Protestant, obtained the surrender of this fort, which was 

was the only cause that had bred this coyness s'trongly opposed by Florence Mac Carthy and 

in them all ; for, if he had been a Romish Ca- the Sugane Earl, young Desmond returned to 

tholike, the hearts and knees of all degrees in the English Court, where, it being understood 

the Province would have bowed unto him. Be- that he was no longer worth feeding, he sud- 

sides, his comming was not well liked by the denly disappeared. Mr. Moore thinks he was 

vndertakers, who were in some jealousie that, poisoned, but he quotes no authority, 
in after times, he might be restored to his Fa- ^ Pardon, literally forgetfulness or oblivion. 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2183 

was in rebellion would now, upon their return to the Sovereign and this young 
Earl, obtain a restoration of their blood and honours, and a pardon'' of Jheir 
crimes. This young Earl arrived in Ireland, accompaHied by a great force, in 
tlie month of October following. Upon his arrival in Cork'^, the President and 
the Earl of Thomond repaired thither to welcome him. They all afterwards 
came to Mallow, Kilmallock, and to Limerick. All the inhabitants of the country 
of the Geraldines, upon beholding the true representative of the family, came 
to this young Earl ; and the people who had the keeping of Castlemaine for 
James, the son of Thomas, gave it up to the young Earl, i. e. to James, the son 
of Garrett ; and the Earl gave the possession of it to the President. There was 
then no town in the possession of Mac Maurice, i. e. Thomas, except Listowel 
alone, as we have said ; and even this was taken in the month of November by 
Sir Charles Volment^ the Governor of Kerry. 

The daughter of the Earl of Thomond, Honora, the daughter of Conor, son 
of Donough O'Brien, and wife of the Mac Maurice we have mentioned, fled 
from the plundering and insurrection of her husband, and came to her native 
territory under the protection of the President and the Earl of Thomond, and 
afterwards died at Dangan-Mac-Mahon^, and was buried in the monastery of 
Ennis. 

The Chief Constable of the Geraldines, i. e. Rory, the son of Manus, son of 
Edmond Mac Sheehy", died. 

* In Cork. — This is incorrect, for, as we have name in the district of Tuath-Ua-mBuilc, pa- 

already seen from the Lord President's own ac- rish of Kilchrist, barony of Clonderalaw, and 

count of it, Captain Price, a trusty and discreet county of Clare. It is stated in the Pacata Hi- 

person, who was appointed by the Queen to de- hernia, bookl, c. xiii.,_that this Lady Honoreny 

liver this young Earl into the President's hands, Brien procured the murder of Maurice Stack, a 

landed, with his charge, at Youghal, on the 14th very brave servant of the Lord President; and 

of October, and from thence brought him to that her brother, the Earl of Thomond, upon 

Mallow to the President, where they arrived on hearing of it, was infinitely grieved ; and that 

the 18th of the same month. for it he held his sister in such detestation that, 

f Volmevt — He wrote the name Wilmot him- from that day forward to the day of her death, 

self. There is a most minute and interesting which occurred not many months afterwards, 

account of the taking of this castle by Sir he never did see her, nor could abide the me- 

Charles Wilmot, given in the Pacata Hibemia, mory of her name, 
book 1, chap. xvi. h j/^p Sheehy.— The first of this family who 

8 Dangan-Mac Mahon, now Dangan, a very came to Munster settled in the county of Li- 
large castle in ruins, in a townland of the same merick as leader of gallowglasses to the Earl of 



2184 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReaHW. [igoo. 

Qp ppaccbctil jfpalcach oo ompmaic mac an oubalcai^;, niic cuachail 
ui Choncobaip lap njabail mpla Dfpmurhan Sheniaip, mic comaip arhail a 
Dubpamap, -] a bfin, ce 50 hairhofonac Dopibipi, cdnaicc an Diapmaic pin 50 
DuchaiT^ uf concobaip puaib do na cluaincib. puaip ppoce;c]oTi on lupcip 
(baoi ace Denarii pfipbfpi, "] ace po5narii Don bainpiojain illai jnib 1 1 nullcoib 
1 ppojmap na bliabna po) no 50 ccainicc an ciapla 6cc DCpTinuriian po cap a 
ccansamap 50 hepinn .1. Semup mac geapoicc. Qp ccecVic Dopuibe do chuip 
cojaipm ap Diapmaic, uaip po pop Diapmaic Dfipbpiup Don lapla pin ap a 
cuaipc. coccaib 1 njfpalcacaib an bliaDain poiriie pin 1 acbeapacc apoile 
gup ab Di cainicc jabail Semaip, niic comdip ap Daij jomaD upaioe a Dfp- 
bpacaip pfin Dpajbail on eipiurii do raipbipc Dia chionn. O do puacc pjpi- 
benn an lapla 50 Diapmaic po cpiall cocc po na cogaipm maille le cCd,"] le 
ppoce;:ion an lupcip -| PpepiDenp Da coicceao muriian. Q5 gabail Do j^iap 
cuaiD cpe coicceaD connacc Do 60I cap Sionainn 50 luimneac T?o Ifn cepoicc 
nalong mac RipDfipD an lapainn, ■) DauiD mac tiillicc an cimchill e cpe biob- 
banup, -j puccpac paip 1 nuachao buiDne 1 ccoriipocpaib guipc innpi guaipe, 
-] po Di'cfnDab Diapmaic leo, lap na pajbdil ap bfcc mbuibne "] je po ppic e 
ariilaiD pin ba gap uaip piap an can poin nap bo D015 Don luce pin a lonnpaijiD, 
ap ba coDnac porii pop coicc ceo Decc pfp, -| ba hanjlonn e bubfin, ace namd 
na curhaing neac lomjabail ecca cecib can Dup pice ciujlaice neich. 

Ciccfpna plebe apDachaiD Decc 1 njfiiiipeaD na bliabna po .1. Semup, mac 
Piapuip mic Semuip buicilep. ♦ 

Desmond, in the year 1420. He built the cas- mond sent for him," &c., &c. 

tleof LisnacuUia, ^^lop na coiUe, i. e.Woodfort, "^ Through enmity. — Carew, or his secretary, 

in the parish of Cloonagh, barony of Lower Con- states: "Theobald sent to the Earle of Clan- 

nello, and county of Limerick, and about five rickard for a protection, pretending that what 

miles to the north of the town of Newcastle, he did was done in revenge of his Cousen, the 

The ruins of this castle, which was a fortress of Lord Burke's, deuth. But the Earle, misliking 

considerable strength, still remain in good pre- the Action, instead of a protection, returned 

servation. him this letter insuing." 

' UrUil— This, sentence is left unfinished by He then gives Ulick Clanrickard's letter, ex- 

the Four Masters. It should be constructed as pressing the Earl's indignation at his conduct, 

follows : " When Dermot O'Conor left the Ge- ' Gort-innse-Guaire, now the town of Gort, in 

raldines," &c., &c., " he first procured a protec- the barony of Kiltartan, and county of Galway. 

tion from the Lord Deputy, and then proceeded There is a detailed account of this killing of 

to the Cloontics, in O'Conor Roe's country, Dermot O'Conor given in the Pacata Hibernia, 

where he remained until the young Earl of Des- book 1 , c. xvii., where it is stated that " Theobald 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. . 2185 

Dermot, the son of Dubhaltach, son of Tuathal O'Conor, on leaving the 
Geraldines, after the Earl of Desmond (James, the son of Thomas), whom he 
had taken prisoner, had been forcibly rescued from him, proceeded to Cluainte, 
in the country of O'Conor Roe. He had obtained a protection from the Lord 
Justice (who was doing the Queen's service in Leinster and Ulster in the autumn 
of this year), until' this young Earl of Desmond, i. e. James, the son of Garrett, 
of whom we have treated, had arrived in Ireland. On his arrival he sent for 
Dermot, for Dermot had married a sister of this Earl while on his mihtary 
sojourn in the country of the Geraldines the j'ear before ; and it is said by 
some that it was through her the capture of James, the son of Thomas, was 
effected, in order that she might the more easily obtain her own brother, by 
delivering the other in his stead. As soon as the Earl's letter reached Dermot, 
he prepared to go, at his invitation, by the permission and protection of the 
Lord Justice and the President of the two provinces of Munster. But, as he 
was passing in a north-west direction through the province of Connaught, to 
cross the Shannon to Limerick, he was pursued by Theobald-na-Long, the son 
of Richard-an-Iarainn, and by David, the son of Ulick-na-Timchill, through 
enmity"; and they overtook him in the vicinity of Gort-innse-Guaire', and, find- 
ing Dermot attended only by a small number of troops, they beheaded him. 
Though he was found in this condition, these people would not have dared to 
attack him thus a short time before, for he was a leader of fifteen hundred men, 
and he himself was a stout champion. But no man can escape death when his 
last day has arrived. 

The Lord of Sliabh-Ardacha"', i. e. James, the son of Pierce, son of James 
Butler, died in the winter of this year. 

ne Long Burke, who had a company of an hun- murther ; who, considering of the fact, besides 

dred Foot in her Majesties pay (notwithstanding sharpe rebukes and reprehensions, the Lord 

all Dermot's Safe guards) assaulted him, who, Deputie was commanded presently to casheere 

for his safetie, retired into an olde Church, and discharge him both of his Command and 

burnt it over his head, and in comming foorth Entertainment." 

of the same hee killed about fortie of his men, " Sliabh Ardacha, now Slieveardagh, or Slew- 

and tooke him prisoner, and the morning fol- ardagh, a barony in the east of the county of 

lowing cut off his head." Carew adds : " Her Tipperary. According to O'Heerin's topogra- 

Majestie's honour was blemished, and the ser- phical poem, this was originally the country of 

vice hindred, by this malitious and hatefull a family of O'Deas. 

4 12 Y 



218G aNHQca Rioghachca eiReawH. [leoo. 

Remann abupc mac Sfain na pAna]!, mic RiocaipD fa;canai5, Do bfir ma 
bume uay^al, oipofipc, lomjiaiceach DOjifip gnacaijce jaoiDel an can fo. baoi 
pi&e CO na &rpbpaic]iib (Sfan occ, uilliam, -| rqmap) ipn od upmurhain -\ i 
nele i parhpab, i ppojmap, -] i ngfiriipeaD na bliaDna po. baof Do Ifpbacc "] Do 
lionriiaipecc r^-o'Sil r^^^'*^^ ^B ^^ ccloinn pincSfain abupc gup papaiccheao, 
1 gup polmaijeaD na cipe, -\ na cfnncaip pa coirhnfpa Doib leo. Ro jabaD 
Dna bailre caiplein lomba i nele,-| in upTfiumam leo Don cup pin. 6a DibpiDe 
puiDe an Roin, bel aca Dum jaip,"] cuil o nDiibdin i nGilib, ■] pope a colchain 
1 nupriiuniain. 

lap cruicim Uaicne mic Rubpaije oicc uf mopba (arfiail po aipnfibpiom) 
Do lingfb laoijip la Sa;ranchoib 50 po jabpac ace acnuabucchab a naicpeab 
aolcloch, 1 ace puibe hi pfn dicib plecca conuill cfpnaij Diap bo Domgnap 
Diichaije laoijip, D015 ni paibe a Diol DoiDhpe bab hionnpamhail DlJaicne 
ajd himbiofn oppa. 

Siol cconcobaip pailje .1. Sliocc bpiain mic cacaoip mic cuinn mic an 
calbaij DobCich hi ccotnmbdib gaoibel ppi pe a cpf no a cfcaip do bliabnoib 
5up an canpa. Ro bpippfb, "] po gabab leo an aipfcc pin upitiop caiplen 
Ua ppailge, ace namd an Damjfn, "] bfccdn ele a maille ppipp. 'Cdnaicc 
Dna apDiuprfp na hepeann Dia paijib pd lujnapab na bliabna po 50 niomac 
cliach 1 ppdcab, 50 niomac ppeal, -\ coppdn, 50 ccucc pjpiop -\ pjocbuain 
ap bappaib aipche, "] anaipche an cfpe, -] cdinicc Depibe a haiccpeabaij Do 
bol ap coponn, a]\ ceicheab, "| ap lonnapbab 1 nuUcoibh 1 1 cci'pib oile 50 
DiuiDh na bliabna po. 

" Suidhe-an-roin, now Shinrone, a small town the south of the King's County, adjoining the 

in the barony of Clonlisk, in the King's County, county of Tipperary. — See the Ordnance Map, 

— See Ordnance Map, sheet 42. See note ', sheet 46. 

under the year 15.^3, p. 1416, supra. "^ Port-a-Tolchain, called Portolohane in tlie 

" Bel-atha-Duin-Gair : i. e. Mouth of the Ford Down Survey, and now shortened to Portland, 

of Dungar, now called simply Dungar, an old a townland in the parish of Lorha, barony of 

castle in ruins in the parish of Corbally, barony Lower Ormond, and county of Tipperary. See 

of Ballybritt, and King's County, and close to note ^, under the year 1442, p. 925, supra. No 

the boundary of the county of Tipperary. — See part of this castle, which was erected by O'Mad- 

the Ordnance Map, sheet 43. ' den, is now standing. It is not to be confounded 

P Cuil-0-nDubhain: i.e. the corner or angle withthecastleofCoillte-Euadha, which belonged 

of the O'Duanes, now Coolonuane, and some- to Mac Egan, 'and which is still in good preser- 

times anglicised CuUenwaine, a townland giving vation. 

rtame to a parish in the barony of Clonlisk, in ' Conall Cearnach He was the chief of the 



A 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2187 

Redmond Burke, the son of John of the Shamrocks, son of James, son of 
Eichard Saxonagh, was at tliis time an illustrious and celebrated gentleman, 
according to the usages of the Irish. He and his brothers, John Oge, William, 
and Thomas, remained in the two Ormonds, and in Ely, during the summer, 
autumn, and winter, of. this year ; and so great and numerous were the troops 
and forces of these song of John Burke, that they ravaged and desolated all the 
adjacent territories and cantreds. They took many castles on this occasion in 
Ely and Ormond, among which were Suidhe-an-roin°, Bel-atha-Dun-Gair°, and 
Cuil-0'nDubhain'', in Ely j and Port-a-Tolchain'', in Ormond. 

After the fall of Owny, the son of Rury Oge O^More, as we have related, 
Leix was seized by the English ; and they proceeded to repair their mansions 
of lime and stone, and to settle in the old seats of the race of Conall Ceamach', 
to whom Leix was the hereditary principality, for there was no heir worthy 
of it like Owny, to defend it against them. 

The O'Conors Faly, namely, the descendants of Brian, the son of Cahir, son 
of Con, son of Calvagh, were for three or four years in the Irish confederation, 
up to this time. During this period they took and destroyed the most' of the 
castles of OfFaly, [and, indeed, all], except Dangan' and a few others. About 
Lammas this year the Lord Justice came into their country with many harrows 
and pracas", with mapy scythes and sickles, and destroyed and reaped" the ripe 
and unripe crops of the territory ; and the consequence of this was, that the 
inhabitants fled, and remained in exile and banishment in Ulster and other ter- 
ritories until the end of this year. 

Heroes of the Eed Branch in Ulster, early in stubborn. The Lord Deputy, who was a great 

the first century, and the ancestor of O'More student in botany and natural philosophy, used 

and the seven septs of Leix. the praca, on this occasion, for the purpose of 

' The most, upmop — This phrase is incorrect, tearing up the corn after it had shot into ear, 

and should be struck out, as incumbering the thus rendering it useless ; as corn, after ar- 

sentence. riving at that stage of maturity, will not, if 

' Dangan, now Philipstown See note ', disturbed at the root, grow any more. This 

under the year 1546, p. 1498, supra. was a grand preparation for the awful famine 

" Praca — This term is applied in Munster, which soon after ensued in Ireland, to the great 

to a harrow with very long pins, still used for destruction of the Milesian race, 

the purpose of opening, or ripping up the soil " Destroyed and reaped.— This is possibly a 

around the Siumap, or grass-corn, when the mistake for pspiop no p^ocbuain, " destroyed 

winter winds have rendered it too hard and or reaped," for Mountjoy was too wise a man to 

12 y2 



2188 



aHNQca Kioghachca eiReawN. 



[1600. 



Oorhnall fpdineac, mac Donnchaib, mic cacaoip cappaij caonrhdnaij do 
pioDughaD pip an lufcip ipin pojmap Do ponpaD. Clann piachac, mic Qoba, 
mic Sfam Do pioDucchaD pip map an cceDna. 

Qn coblach Sa;ranach po hopDaicceab lap an mbainpfojam, ■] la comaiple 
Shapran Do cop 50 hepinn Do paijiD coicciD ulaD. Qn can po hopoaicceoD 
CopD mounciog ma lupcip op epmn im peil pacpaicc Do ponnpaDh amail a 
Dubpamap, po bdp jan puipeac, gan eappna&aD 05 pup,"] ace ullmujaD an 
coblaij I'pm m 506 conjaib pamicc a Ifp arhail ap Deire -] ap DfinmneaDaige 
popcaerhnacaip hi Saproib Don chup pin, uaip ba cocpaD mop mfnman la 
bampiojam Sa;can,i lap an ccomaiple coip, -] abup ancopnam -\ an cocuccaD 
Doponpac cenel cconaill,"] Gojamgonullcoibapcfnai 1 mbaof oaon pannppiii 
ina naghaiD Do jpep, ■) Dna ba cuimneac leo beop -) po bai na jalap inclfire 
inaccpibe in po mapbaD, -\ in po muDhaijfD Dia mumcip,-] in po cocaichpior 
Dia napccac, 1 Dia nionnmup la coccaD na hepenn 50 pin. ConaD e aipfcc 
ap panjarap an coblac pempaire do cop 50 bepinn 50 po jabpac cuan 1 ndch 
cliac a mi Qppil na bliaDna po. Ro paoiDicr appiDe i nupropac pampaiD 



destroy such part of the corn as was ripe, when 
he had an army to carry it away. ' 

" Donnell Spaineach. — He was so called be- 
cause he was in Spain for four years. " Daniel 
Keuanus cognomento Hispaniensis, quod in 
Hispania annos circiter quatuor fuerit commo- 
ratus." — Hist. Cathol. Iher. Compend., torn. 3, 
lib. 4, c. vi. 

' Harbour of Dublin This account, which 

the annalists had from common bruit only, is 
far from being accurate. Sir Henry Docwra 
himself informs us, in his curious and valuable 
little work. Narration of his Services at Lough 
Foijk, written in the summer of 1614, and 
never yet printed, that the fleet put in first at 
Knockfergus, now Carrickfergus. His account 
of the preparation and arrival of this fleet is very 
curious, and the Editor deems it his duty to lay 
it here before the reader, that he may compare 
the English and Irish accounts of the same im- 
portant event. After detailing the causes which 
moved luui to write this Narration, which were 



urgent and honourable, he proceeds as follows : 
" I had lying by mee some memoriall noates 
and a greate Number of letters, that if they 
were well searched ouer, togeather with the 
helpe of myne owne memorie, were able to 
bring to light the truth of that which othsrwise 
was like to perish and Consume in Darkenes. I 
spent a little time to pervse them, & these are 
the efiectes the doing thereof hath produced. 

" The Army, consisting in List of 4000 foote 
& 200 horse, whereof 3000 of the foote, & all 
the horse, were levied in England, the other 
• 1000 foote were taken of the old Companys 
about Dublin, & all assigned to meete att 
Knockfergus, the first of May : That part le- 
vyed in England was shipt at Helbree, neere 
vnto Westchester, on 'the 24th of Aprill, 1600. 
And of these a Regiament of 1000 ff'oote and 50 
horse, were to be taken out iniediatelie vpoii 
our landing, & assigned to S' Mathew Morgan, 
to make a plantation with att Ballishannon. 
" The Provisions wee carried with vs at first 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2189 



Donnell Spaineach", the son of Donough, son of Cahir Carragh Kavanagh, 
made peace with the Lord Justice in autumn. The sons of Fiagh, son of Hugh, 
son of John [O'Byrne], hkewise made peace with him. 

The English fleet, which had been ordered by the Queen 9,nd Council of 
England to be sent, by Patrick's Day, -against the province of Ulster, at the 
time that Lord Mountjoy was appointed Lord Justice over Ireland, as we have 
said, was being prepared and equipped, without delay or neglect, with all the 
necessary engines, in England ; for it was a great annoyance of mind to the 
Queen and the Councils there and here that the Kinel-Owen, the Kinel-Connell, 
and Ulstermen in general, and those who were in alliance with them, had made, 
so long a defence and stand against them ; and they also called to mind, and it 
preyed like a latent disease upon their hearts, all of their people that had been 
slain and destroyed, and of their wealth that they had expended, in carrying 
on the Lish war till then, so that they resolved to send this fleet to Ireland ; 
and it arrived in the harbour of Dublin' in the month of April of this year. 
From thence they set out in the very beginning of summer (by advice of the 



were a quantetie of deale Boards & Sparrs of 
ffirr timber, a 100 flock bedds, with other ne- 
cessaries to furnish an Hospitall withall ; one 
Peece of Demy Cannon of Brass, two Culverins 
of Iron, a master Gunner, two master masons, 
& two master Carpenters, allowed in pay, with 
a greate number' of Tooles & other vtensiles, 
and with all victuell & munition requisite. 

" Soe, with those men from England, and with 
these Provisions aforesaide, on the xxv. day of 
Aprill wee sett saile, and on the 28th, in the 
Euening, put in att Knockfergus, where wee 
staide the space of 8 dayes before the Com- 
panyes from Dublin came all vnto vs. 

" The last of them coming in by the 6th of 
May, on the 7th wee sett saile againe, and the 
windes often fayling, sometimes full against vs, 
it was the 14th before wee could putt in to 
the mouth of the Bay at Loughfoyle ; & noe 
sooner were wee entred, but wee fell on ground, 
& soe stucke till the next day ; then, at a full 
tidi', wee waighed our Anchors, sayled a little 



way, and rune on ground againe. 

" On the 16th, in the morning, wee gott loose, 
& about 10 of the Clocke (100 men lying on 
shoare, & giuing vs a volie of shott, & soe re- 
tyring) wee landed att Culmore, & with the 
first of our horse & foote that wee could vn- 
shipp, made vp towards a troupe of horse and 
foote that wee sawe standing before vs on the 
topp of a hill, but, by ignorance of the wayes, 
our horses were presentlie boggt, & soe, at that 
day, wee made none other vse but onelie to land 
our men. The next day, the place seaming to 
my Judgement fitt to build, wee beganne about 
the Butt end of the old broken Castle, to cast 
vp a fforte, such as might be capable to lodge 
200 men in. 

" Sixe days wee spent in labour about it, in 
which mcane space, makeing vpp into the coun- 
trie with some troupes (onely with intent to 
discouer), wee came to Ellogh, a castle of 
O'Dogharteys, which he had newlie abandoned, 
& beguiine to pull downe ; but seeing it yet 



2190 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReaww. 



[1600. 



(cpia coriiaiple la^la clomne ]nocaipO •) lapla rua&muman) i yio popconjpab 
poppa rocc 50 loc pebail mic looain. Seolaicc laparh lainih elf ppi hGpinn 



Tenentable, & of good vse to be held, I put 
Captaine Ellis Floudd into it, & Iiis Companie 
of 150 men. 

" On tlie 22°'' of May wee put the Army in 
order to marche, & leauing Captaine Lancellott 
Atford at Culmore, with 600 men, to make vp 
the workes, wee went to the.Derry, 4 myles of, 
vpon the River side, a place in manner of an 
Hand, Comprehending within it 40 acres of 
Ground, wherein were the Kuines of a old Ab- 
bay, of a Bishopps house, of two Churches, &, at 
one of the ends of it, of an old castle ; the Kiuer, 
called Loughfoyle, encompassing it all on one 
side, & a bogg, most comonlie wett, and not 
easilie passable except in two or three places, 
dividing it from the maine land. 

" This peece of Ground wee possest ourselves 
of without Resistaunce, & iudging it a fitt place 
to make our maine plantation in, being some- 
what hie, & therefore dry, & healthie to dwell 
vpon ; att that end where the old Castle stood, 
being Close to the water side, I presentlie re- 
solved to raise a fforte to keepe our stoore of 
Munition & victuells in, & in the other, a little 
aboue, where the walls of an old Cathedrall 
church were yet standing, to erect annother for 
our future safetie and retreate vnto vpon all 
occasions. 

" Soe then I vnloaded & discharged the Ship- 
ping that brought vs, all but those reserued for 
S'' Math": Morgan, & two Men of Warre vnder 
Comaund of Captaine George Thornton & Cap- 
taine Thomas Fleminge, which were purposlie 
assigned to attend vs all that Sommerj & the 
first bussines I setled myselfe vnto was to lay 
out the forme of the said two intended fFortes, 
& to assigne to every Companye his seuerall 
taske, how and where to worke. 

" I know there were some that presentlie be- 
ganne to censure mee for not slurring abroade, 



& makeing iourneyes vp into the Countrye, al- 
leadging wee were stronge enough & able to doe 
it ; I deny not but wee were, but that was not 
the scope and drift of our coming ; wee were to 
sitt it out all winter ; Prayes would not be sett 
without many hazards & a greate Consumption 
of our men, the Countrie was yet vnknowne 
vnto vs, & those wee had to deale with were, as 
I was sure, would Chuse or Refuse to feight 
with vs, as they sawe theire owne advantage. 
These Considerations moued mee to resolue to 
hould an other Course, & before I attempted 
any thinge els, to setle & make sure the footing 
wee had gayned. 

" The two ^hipps of warre, therefore (the 
Countrie all about vs being wast & burned), I 
sent with souldiers in them to coast all alonge 
the shoare for the space of 20 or 30 myles, & 
willed wheresoeuer they found any howses, they 
should bring a way the Timber & other ma- 
terialls to build withall, such as they could. 
And O'Cane hauing a woode lying right ouer 
against vs (on the other side of the River) 
wherein was plentie of old growne Birch, I 
daylie sent workemen with a Guard of souldiers 
to cutt it downe, & there was not a sticke of it 
brought home, but was fest well fought for. 
A Quarrie of stone & slatt wee found hard at 
hat\d. Cockle shells to make Lyme, wee dis- 
couered infinite plentie of in a little Hand in 
the mouth of the Harbour as wee came in, and 
with those helpes, togeather w^ith the Provisions 
wee brought, & the stones and rubbidge of the 
old Buildings wee found, wee sett our selues 
wholie, & with all the dilligence wee could pos- 
sible to fortefying & framing & setting vpp of 
howses such as wee might be able to Hue in, & 
defend ourselves when winter should Come, & 
our men be decayed, as it was apparant it would 
be. And whether this was the right Course to 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2191 



Earl of Clanrickard and of the Earl of Thomond); and they were ordered to 
put into the hai'bour of the Lake of Feabhal, son of Lodan^. They then sailed, 



take or noe, let them that sawe the after Euents 
be the Judges of. 

"My lord Deputie att the time wee should 
land (to make cfur discent the more easie) was 
drawne downe to the Blackwater & gaue out 
that hee would enter the Co'untrey that way ; 
wherevpon Tyrone & O Donell had assembled 
theire cheifest strength to oppose against him : 
But his lordship now knowing wee were safe 
on shore, & possest of the ground wee went to 
inhabite, withdrewe his Campe & retourned to 
Dublin, & then being deliuered of that feare,' 
those forces they had brought togeather for that 
purpose, being now encreased by the addition 
of more, & estimated (by Comon fame) to be 
about 5000 in all, they came downe with vpon 
vs, & placing themselves in the night within 
litle more then a mile from where wee lay, earelie 
in the morning at the Breaking vpp of the watch, 
^ gaue on vpon our Corps de Gaurd of horse, 
chased them home to our foote Sentynells, & 
made a Countennunce as if they came to make 
but that one dayes worke of it; but the Alarume 
taken, & our men in Armes, they contented 
themselves to attempe noe further, but seeking 
to drawe vs forth into the Countrey where they 
hoped to take vs at some aduantages, & finding 
wee stoode vpon our defensiue onelie, after the 
greatest parte of the day spent in skrimish a 
litle without our Campe, they departed towards 
the Eueninge, whither did wee not thinke it fitt 
• to pursue them. 

" An now did S' Mathew Morgan demaund 
his Regiament of 1000 foote, & 50 horse, which 
at first (as I saide before) were designed him 
for a Plantation att Ballyshannon, but vpon 
Consultation held bow hee should proceed, & 
with what Probabilitie he might be able to 
effect that intended bussines, there appeared soe 
many wants & difliculties vntlioup-lit on, or 



vnprouided for before, that it was euident those 
forces should be exposed to manifest Ruine, if 
at that time, & in the state as thinges then 
stoode, hee should goe forward; the trutli 
whereof being certified, both by himselfe & mee 
to the lords of the Councell in England, as alsoe 
to the lord Deputie & Councell of Ireland, wee 
received present directions from them both to 
suspend the proceeding in that action till anno- 
ther time, & soe I discharged the Rest of the 
shipping reserued for that iourney, & not long 
after the Companys growing weake, & the list 
of the foote reduced to the number of 3000, 
that Regiameijt was wholie dissolued & made as 
a parte onelie of our army. 

" On the first of June, s' Arthur O Neale, 
Sonne to old Tirlogh Lenogh that had beene 
O Neale, came in vnto mee with some 30 horse 
& foote, a Man I had directions from the state, 
to labour to drawe to our side, & to promise to 
be made Earle of Tyroane, if the other that 
mainteyned the Rebellion could be dispossessed 
of the Countrey. By his advice within fewe 
dayes after I sent s' John Chamberlaine, with 
700 men, intrf O Canes Countrie, to enter into 
it by Boate from O Doghertyes side, because at 
the hither end, lying right ouer against vs, was 
a Continuall watch kepte, soe as wee could not 
stirre but wee were sure to be presentlie dis- 
couered. These men, marching all night, put 
ouer at Greencastle, & by breake of day, on the 
10th of June, fell in the middest of theire 
Creagtes vnexpected, Ceazed a greate Pray, & 
brought it to the Waterside. But for want of 
meanes to bring it all away, they hackt & 
mangled as many as they could, & with some 
100 Cowes, which they put abord theire Boats, 
besids what the Souldiers brought away kild, 
they retourned." 

" The lair of Feabhal, son o/Lodan, now Lough 



2192 aNHQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. . [I600. 

CO po jaibpioc popr ipn maijin fin po hCpbaoh ppiu. lap poccain boib 1 
ccip po coccbaD leo ap gac raeb Don cuan cpi puipc do cpinpibib ralrhan 
amail po hopoaijeao Doib i Sa;coib, pope Dibpi6e ap chuicc Ui' neill Don rfp 
I niompocpaib oipeachca uf cachain .1. Dun na long, ■] Dci pope 1 nDuchaij 
111 Domnaill, pope Diobh ipin cliuil moip 1 nDiirhaij uf Docapcaijj hi crpioca 
ceD innpi heojain,"] pope oile Don caob eiapefp De pin 1 nooipe choluim cille. 
Ro jabpac na 501U po ceDoip ace DoirhniuccaD Dfocc ma ceimcell, -| ace 
Denarii Dctinjfn riiup cpiaD, 1 DunclaD nDi'omop co mbarap loncopnairii ppi 
hiobba&aib. T?opcap Dainjne "| popcap innille olrectie na cuipee doc aolra 
-] na caepacha ppip 1 ccaicri pe poDa 1 paoeap Dfpriidip occa noenarii. Qp 
a hairle pin po bloDpac an riiainipcip, ") an Dariiliacc, "] po hai6millea6 leo 
ma mbaoi Dobaip ecclapcac&a ipin mbaile co neaDpnpac eije 1 cubachla 
Diobh. henpg Docupa amm an genepala baoi leo. RiDipe epDeape epme co 
ngaoip 1 co njliocap, "] po ba6 pinn aga, 1 epjaile Din. Se mile ba pe lion 
cangacap an Du pin. lap rcochc co Doipe Doibpine do ponpar bpigh nibicc 
Don cuil moip -] do bun na long, bacap na 501II pe poDa na po Ificc m oriian, 
no an imeccla Doib eocr cap na mupaib peceaip, ache Cd mbfcc, 1 no biDip 
Dpong mop Diob hi ccaeaip gach noiDche, ap na capDea ammup poppa, 50 po 
Ifonaicc Do paor"] Do jalap la hiomcuimgi an lonaiD 1 mbdcap,") la cfp na 
pi'ne pampara. Qc bacpoe lolbuiDne Diob Don cfi6m ipin. 

lomcupa Uf Oorimaill o po aipijpiDe a nfriieaeaije ap a pccopaib peccaip 
la paiccfp 1 oriian, ba pfb Do poine nemhni Do DenamDiob, 1 po cfcclamaicc 
a ploigh laip DO 60I 1 nDeipcepc coicciD connacc DionnpaD na ceuae boDop 
ap jac caeb Do pleib echcge, -| euabmuriiain do ponpao. Oficbip on ap bdeeap 
laD no hiaplaDa .1. lapla cloinne piocaipD 1 lapla cuaDmuriian po pupail pop 
an lupcip,"! pop an ccoriiaiple an capccap cpomploig pin do chup cuicce piurii 

Foyle, situated between the counties of Lon- which was tributary to O'Neill. 

donderry and Donegal. — See note f, under the ' Cuil-mor, i. e. the Great Corner or Angle, 

year 1248, p. 3.S1, supra. now Culmore, a fort on a point of land over 

* Dun-na-long, i.e. the Fort of the Ships, now Lough Foyle, about five miles to the north of 

Dunnalong, on the east side of the Kiver Foyle, Londonderry, in the barony of Inishowen, and 

in tl^e barony of Tirkeeran, and county of Lon- county of Donegal, 
donderry. <i Of them, i. e. of the materials obtained from 

" Oireacht- Ui- Chatham, i. e. O'Kane's country, them. 

Dunnalong was in the territory of O'Gormly, ' Six thousand men This is not correct, nor 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2193 

keeping their left to Ireland, until they put into the harbour of that place, as 
they had been directed. After landing, they erected on both sides of the har- 
bour three forts, with trenches sunk in the earth, as they had been ordered in 
England. One of these forts, i. e. Dun-na-long"\ was erected on O'Neill's part 
of the country, in the neighbourhood of Oireacht-Ui-Chathain"; and two in 
OlDonnell's country, one at Cuil-mor", in O'Doherty's country, in the cantred of 
Inishowen, and the other to the south-west of that, at Derry-Columbkille. The 
English immediately commenced sinking ditches around themselves, and raising 
a strong mound of earth and a large rampart, so that they were in a state to 
hold out against enemies. These were stronger and more secure than courts 
of lime and stone, or stone forts, in the erection of which much time and great 
labour might be spent. After this they tore down the monastery and cathedral, 
and destroyed all the ecclesiastical edifices in the town, and erected houses and 
apartments of them". Henry Docwra was the name of the general who was 
over them. He was an illustrious Knight, of wisdom and prudence, a pillar of 
battle and conflict. Their number was six thousand men'. When these arrived 
at Derry they made little account of Culmore or Dun-na-long. The Enghsh 
were a long time prevented, by fear and dread, from going outside the fortifi- 
cations, except to a short distance ; and a great number of them were on the 
watch every night, that they might not be attacked [unawares] ; so that they 
were seized with distemper and disease, on account of the narrowness, of the 
place in which they were, and the heat of the summer season. Great numbers 
of them died of this sickness. 

As for O'Donnell, when he perceived that they were not in the habit of 
going outside their encampments, through fear and dread, he made no account 
of them, and assembled his forces, to proceed into the south of Connaught, to 
plunder the countries that lay on both sides of Sliabh-Echtge', and especially 
Thomond. He had good reason for this, indeed, for it was these Earls, namely, 
the Earl of Clanrickard and the Earl of Thomond, who had requested the Lord 
Justice and the Council to send over this great army, to keep him* in his [own] 

is it a matter of surprise that the Four Masters f On both sides of Sliahh-Echtge, i. e. Clan- 

should not have known the exact number. Sir rickard and Thomond. 

Henry Docwra himself states that he had only f To keep him, i. e. to give him something to 

four thousand foot and two hundred horse. do at home, and prevent him from overrunning 

12 Z 



2194 QNNaca Rioshachca eiReawN. [leoo. 

Dia pofOaD ina np ina neccmaif ap a mfince leo no cfijfo jr^orh Dm ccfp 
pfippn. O po cViinn pop an ccorhaiple pm po paccaib 6 Dochapcaij caoi'peac 
innpi heojam .1. Sfan 6cc, mac Sfain, mic pelim ui oocapraij hi ppoichill 
popp na hallmupchoib ap na ciopcaip Dionnpab a cpiche. T?o pdccaibh Dna 
Niall japb 6 Doihnaill, •] apaill Dia pluaj 1 niompuibe poppa alia map, 
fcoppa, -] cpioca ceo enoa mic neill. l?o cionoileab a floij laip lap pin co 
nDiccpfo cap eipne piap. Oo bfpc laip ceccup jac aen baof po a rhamup 
1 nullcoib ap in ploijeaO pm. bdcap rpa connaccaij 6 Suca 50 Dpobaofp, "] 

lapcap cipe hamaljaib 50 bpeipne u\ paicchillij ace pficfrh,-! ace pupnaibe 
ap a bolporn Dia paijiD 50 baile an mocaij lap na ccochr po a cojaipm 
piurh. 5a DO na connachcoib bai hipmDhe acca epnai&e piurii O puaipc 
bpian occ mac bpiam, mic bpiain ballaij mic eojain, O concobaip Sliji^ 
OonnchaD, mac cacailoicc, mic caiDj, mic earail oicc gup na cuachaib pilfc 
ppi coipppliab a cuaiD co muip, O concobaip puaD Q06 mac coippDealbaij 
puaiD mic caiDcc buibe, mic cacail puaiD 50 lion a cionoil, TTlac Diapmaca 
maije luipcc .1. concobap, mac caiDg, mic eogain, mie caiDg co na mumnnp, 
"1 TTlac uilliam bupe .1. cepoicc mac uaceip ciocaij, mic Sfain, mic oiluepaip 
CO na roicfpcal. 

Qp nDol oUa Domnaill co na pocpaicre a huUcoib 1 nodil na cconnaccac 
pin 50 baile an ITIocaij po apccna Don copann, cpe lap maije haf an pinD- 
bfnoaij, DO clomn connmaij, Do cp(c maine mic eacDac, -| Duplap cloinne 
T?iocaipD gan car jan coinnpjle gan juin Duine uab, nd laip co po jab popab 

1 lonjpopc 1 niaprap cloinne piocaipD 1 noipeacc pemainn im cpdrnona Dia 
pacaipn 1 an peil eom ap an maipc ap ccinD. Ranjaccap paibre poirhe 
1 rruabmurhain an can pin, -\ po bab D015 leo na jluaippeab ap an lonoD 1 
ccdppupcaip oiDche Domnaij 50 popcha maiDne Dia luain. Nip bo hfo pin 

Clanrickard and Thomond. If O'Donnell had the Nine Hostages. According to Teige, the 
remained at home to guard his own Tirconnell, son of Tibet Mac Linshy, who had been steward 
instead of making forays into Clanrickard and to the celebrated Hugh Roe O'Donnell, and 
Thomond, Docwra's forces would have been ren- who was living in 1620, this territory contained 
dered completely powerless ; and had Niall Garv thirty quarters of land. It was the name of the 
remained faithful to Hugh Roe, he could have north-east part of the barony of Raphoe, adjoin- 
easily annihilated Docwra's men. ing the Lagan, which is still well known, and 
" The carUred ofEnda, son of Niall: i. e. Tir- comprising, according to Mac Linshy, forty-six 
Enda, i. e. the territory of Enda, son of Niall of quarters of laud See note \ under the year 



1600:] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2195 

territory, away from them, for they deemed it [too] often that he had gone into 
their territories. Having adopted this resolution, he left O'Doherty, chieftain 
of Inishowen, i. e. John Oge, the son of John, son of Felim O'Doherty, to watch 
the foreigners, that they might not come to plunder his territory. He also left 
Niall Garv O'Donnell, and some of his army, encamped against them on the 
west side, between them and the cantred of Enda, son of NialP. He then 
mustered his forces, to proceed westwards across the Eiver Erne. He took 
with him on this hosting, in the first place, all those who were under his juris- 
diction in Ulster; and the Connacians, from the River Suck to the Drowes, and 
from the west of Tirawly to Breifny O'Reilly, were expecting and awaiting his 
arrival at Ballymote, whither they were gone at his summons. Among the 
Connaughtmen who awaited him there were O'Rourke (Brian Oge, the son of 
Brian, son of Brian Ballagh, son of Owen); O'Conor Sligo (Donough, the son 
of Cathal Oge, son of Teige, son of Cathal Oge), together with the people of 
the districts which lie from Coirrshliabh northwards to the sea ; O'Conor Roe 
(Hugh, the son of Turlough Roe, son of Teige Boy, son of Cathal Roe), with 
all his muster ; Mac Dermot of Moylurg, i. e. Conor, son of Teige, son of Owen, 
son of Teige, with his people ; and Mac William Burke, i. e. Theobald, the son 
of Walter Kittagh, son of John, son of Oliver, with his muster. 

When O'Donnell and his forces out of Ulster had joined these Connaught- 
men at Ballymote, he marched through Corran, through the middle of Magh- 
Ai-an-Fhinnbheannaigh', through Clann-Conway, and through the territory of 
Mame, son of Eochaidh\ and the level part of Clanrickard, without giving battle 
or skirmish, and without killing or losing a man ; and he halted and pitched 
his camp in the west of Clanrickard, in the Oireacht-Redmond'', on the evening 
of Saturday, the Tuesday following being the festival of St. John. On this 
occasion, notice [of his approach] was sent into Thomond before him [by spies] ; 
and they thought that he would not move from the place where he was stopping 
on Saturday night till daylight on Monday morning. But this is not what he 

1175, p. 19, supra. Ui-Maine, or Hy-Many, O'Kelly's country— 

■' Magh-Ai-an Fhinnhheannaigh, now Machaire See Tribes and Customs of Hy- Many, pp. 4, 25. 
Chonnacht, in the county of Eoscommon. For ^Oireacht- Redmond. — A district in the barony 

its exact situation see note ^, under the year of Kiltartan, in the county of Galway, belong- 

1189, p. 87, supra. ing to a sept of the Burkes. — See note under 

J The territory of Maine, son of Eochaidh : i. e. the year 1599. 

12 z 2 



2196 aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [leoo. 

DO poine purh, ace eipje a moicDeboil na maiDne Dm Doriinaigh co po raipm- 
cfimnigh ap a ajhaiD Doipecc pemainn, do cenel Qo&a, Do cenel Dunjaile, -| 
Do cloinn cuilem uacrmp 50 painicc rap popjup piap lap napccain uprhoip 
na noipCp fin pia TniDtflfbon an laoi ipm. ^'^^'^T ^" DomnaiU lonjpopc in 
aDhaij pin pop bpu an popgaip ppi cluain pdrhaca aniap ap lopccaD mnpi 
uile cenmochd an mainipcip. Ro Ificc pccaoileaD Da pcceimealraib Do 
apccain na noipCp ina rinicell. 6a paippinj poiplfcan an cfippeiDeaD o a poile 
DO ponpar na pcceimelca pin, uaip po cuapcaiseaD, 1 po cpeacloipcceaD, po 
hmDpao, 1 po hoipcceaD leo (on lonam ceDna Do 16 50 hoiDce") 6 cpaicc 
ui ciopDubain 1 nioccap na coiccpiche hi ccpiocaic ceD na noilen, co caraip 
mupchaDa hi ccopcabaipcinD lapcapaij 50 Dopup cille muipe, ~\ Carpach 
T?uipp, 1 in rhagha 1 nuib bpacdin 50 Dopup baile 6oin gobann 1 ccopcamoD- 
puaD, 1 boiche neill hi ccenel pfpniaic. T?ob lomDa Dna Daocham DfjDuine 
uapail no njeapna cipe 05 cuiDeccacfchpaip no cuiccip Doriiuincip ui Dorti- 
naill ap pccarh mume, -| 1 luib cuimm hi ccuaDmuriiain m oiDche pm. 

Ro eipij Ua Dorhnaill ap a bapac ipin Tnaoam Dia luain 50 popaiD lonmall, 
gan cojpaim, gan cinnepnap co na plojaib ap a bpupallbocaib belpcdldnca 
1 gabaic occ apccnarii na conaipe piapcappna cuabmuihan paipcuaiD gach 
nDipeac Doiprfp 6 ccopbmaic, Dopldp ceneoil ppfpmaic, 1 Do boipinn 50 pan- 
jacap pia naDhaij 50 mainipnp copcomoDpuab, "] 50 capcaip na ccleipeac 
CO na ccpeacaib, "] co na ngabalaibh leo. bdcap na ploij ag cup -\ ace 

' Cind-Aedha, anglice Kinelea, was O'Shaugh- ° Cantred of the Islands, now the barony of 

nessy's country, in the south-east of the barony Islands in the same county, 

of Kiltartan. ■• Cathair-Murchadha : i. e. Murrough's Stone 

"" Cinel-Bonghailc. — This is the tribe name of Fort, now Cahermurphy, a townland containing 

the O'Gradys, and it became, as usual in Ireland, the ruins of a caher or Cyclopean stone fort, in 

that of their territory also. In latter ages this the parisli of Kilmurry Mac Mahon, barony of 

territory comprised the parishes of Tomgraney, Clonderalaw, or East Corca-Bhaiscinn, in the 

Mayno, Inishcaltra, and Clonrush, of which the same county. 

two latter parishes are now included in the ^ Kilmurry : i. e. Kilmurry, in the barony of 

county of Galway, but both belong to the dean- Ibrickan. 

ery of O mBloid and diocese of Killaloe. ' Cathair-Euis, now Caherross, a townland 

" Craig- Ui- Chiardubhain : i. e. O'Kirwan's containing the ruins of a castle in the parish of 

rock, now Craggykerrivane, a townland in the Kilmurry Ibrickan See note «, under the 

parish of Cloondagad, barony of Clonderalaw, year 1573, p. 1672, supra. 

and county of Clare. ' Baile-Eoia-Gabhann, now Ballingowan, or 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGUOAI OF IRELAND. 2197 

did, but rose up at day-break on Sunday morning, and marched forward through 
Oireacht-Redmond, throughCinel- Aedha', through Cinel-Donghaile^jand through 
Upper Clann-Cuilein, and before the middle of that day had passed westwards 
across the River Fergus, after having plundered the greater part of these districts. 
On that night O'Donnell pitched his camp on the banks of the Fergus, to the west 
of Clonroad, after having plundered the entire of Ennis, except the monastery. 
He sent forth marauding parties, to plunder the surrounding districts ; and far 
and wide did these parties spread themselves about the country ; for from that 
time of the day till night they traversed, burned, plundered, and ravaged [the 
region extending] from Craig-Ui-Chiardhubhain°, in the lower part of the fron- 
tiers of the Cantred of the Islands'', to Cathair-Murchadha'' in West [recte East] 
Corca-Bhaiscinn, to the gates of Kilmurry'' of Cathair-Ruis', and of Magh in Hy- 
Bracain to the gate of Baile-Eoin-Gabhann' in Corcomroe, and of Both-Neill' 
in Kinel-Fearmaic. Many a feast, fit for a goodly gentleman, or for the lord 
of a territory, was enjoyed throughout Thomond this night by parties of four 
or five men, under the shelter of a shrubbery, or at the side of a bush. 

On the following morning, Monday, O'Donnell set out with his forces from 
their tents and pavilions, steadily and slowly, without pursuit or hurry ; and 
they proceeded on their way diagonally across Thomond, exactly in a north- 
easterly direction, through the east of Hy-Cormaic" and the level of Kinel- 
Fearmaic, and through Burren, and arrived before night, with their preys and 
spoils, at the monastery of Corcomroe, and at Carcair-na-gCleireach". The 
troops continued scouring and traversing the country around them while day- 

Ballygowan, alias Smithstown, a townland in longing to " Teige mac Morogh O'Brien." 
which are the ruins of a castle in good preser- " Hy-Cormaic, a district in the barony ot" 

vation, in the parish of Kalshanny, barony of Islands, and county of Clare, now supposed to 

Corcomroe, and county of Clare — See note i, be co-extensive with the parish of Kilmaley, 

under the year 1573, p. 1670, supra. but it was anciently much larger, as has been 

' Both-NeiU: i. e. Niall's booth, hut, or tent, already proved. — See note ^ under the year 

now anglice Bohneill, and in Irish Cuirt Bhoithe 1573, p. 1668, supra. 

Neill, a castle situated in a townland of the '^Carcair-na-gCleireach: i. e. the Narrow Road 

same name, in the parish of Rath, barony of of the Clerics. This name is still preserved, and 

Inchiquin, and county of Clare. In a list of is applied to a narrow and steep road extending 

the castles of the county of Clare preserved in from the abbey of Corcomroe towards Corranrue, 

a manuscript in the Library of Trinity College, in the barony of Burren, and county of Clare. 

Dublin, E. 2. 14, this castle is set down as be- It is usually called the Corker road in English. 



2198 



awNa^a Rio^hachca emeawN. [I600. 



raipcel na cfpe ina rcimcell cap an caerii laice co nap paccaibpfc aicrpeab, 
no dpur boD lonaipim gan lopccab jan Ifip fccpiop. T?o bab rmuiccceo 
Diaoh -\ Dfchai je m rip uile Dm nfip fo a bpaipccyiona Da sac leic lompa 
iTTiaccuaipc,-] poba6l6pDia ccop pop popDal conaipe aiDblena Dobaipciach 
Dfchaije baof uaipnb fccapbuap in jach lonaD a ccabpacajp 1 naghaiD ipin 
16 cfccna. 

Qcpajacr na ploijh im Ua nDomnaill ap a bdpach Dia maipc, 1 locap 
cap beiljib bfnnchaipp5i6e na ban boipne, -) cap an ccapcaip ccurhains 
ccaolpooaij gan cpoiD, gan cacap, jan copaijecc, jan cogpaim 50 pangacap 
50 mfnDaca maijpfi&e mfohpaiDe. Qipipicc an aohaij pin ap cnoc an sfppdin 
bdin eiccip chill coljan -| gaillim. T?o eiDip&eilijpioc a ccpeaca 1 a njabdla 
ppi apoile, ap a bapacli an Du pin,"] po baf jac Dponj Diob lapccam 05 Dipjeab 
-| ace Dluiciomdin a pelba painDiple buDfipin hi peo pli5Cib caorhcoijiD con- 
nacc. Nip bo pooa an ui6e puccpac an 16 pin eiccin, ap pobcap pcfchij 
cuippij, 1 ni po cuilpioc a parhcoolaD an aohaij piarh ap uarhan a pobapca 
6 a mbioDbabaib lap ninDpeab a ccfpe cdppa. Do jniacc lonjpopc 1 ccorh- 
pocpaib D6ib an aohaij pm 6 po laipfc in imeccla bfob. l?o jabpac a njille, 
■] a napaba ace iipsnam a bppomne 50 po cochairpioc laparh a mbiub jomcap 
pdichij, concuilpioc hi pdirrie 56 ap a bapach. Ctcpaccacap an ploj ap a 
puan -j ciasaic hi ccfnn cpeoa. T?o chfDoij Ua Doriinaill do Uihac uilliam, 
1 Don luce Dup panjacap a hiapcap connacc poab Dia ccijib. Luib pfipm 
poip jac noipeac ip na conaipib coiccfnna 50 pdinicc ofoib laoi 50 conmaicne 
cuile cola 1 nfiDipmfbon an coiccib. Qipipic ann an abhaij pin. 

T?o popconjaip Ua Doriinaill ap a bapac pop a muinncip a nmnile cpTice 
apcrna,i a neDala Do Ificcfn uabaib Dm cci^ib, a ngiollanpaib, a naep Dmipm, 
1 5onca do Ificcfn leo. l?o bab Don Dpumj popcap argaoice Dm maicib an 
can pin. Cabcc 6cc, mac neill, mic neill puuib, mic neill, mic coippbealbaij 
oicc, mic coippbealbaij bfpnaij uf baoijill,-] Duibgionn, mac riieccon, mic con- 

^ Set them astray — The word popoal is ex- to a peninsula extending into the bay of Galway, 

plained by O'Clery, "Do-eol .1. peacpan, i. e. and comprising the whole of the parish of Bal- 

want of knowledge, i. e. going astray." lynacourty, about five miles to the south of the 

'' Carcair: i. e. of Carcair-na-gCleireach. town of Galway. 

' Meadhraighe. — This is latinized Medrigia by * Cnoc-an-ghearrain-bkain : i. e. the Hill of 

O'Flaherty in his Ogygia. The name is still the White Garron or Horse, now Knockagar- 

preserved (pronounced Maaree) and is applied ranbaun, a hill on which a fair is held yearly, 



1600;] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 21^9 

light remained ; so that they left no habitation or mansion worthy of note 
which they did not burn and totally destroy. All the country behind them, as 
far as they could see around on every side, was [enveloped in] one dark cloud 
of vapour and smoke ; and, during the entire of that day, the vastness of the 
dark clouds of smoke that rose over them aloft in every place to which they 
directed their course, was enough to set them astray* on their route. 

On the following day, Tuesday, O'Donnell and his forces rose up and pro- 
ceeded through the rocky passes of White Burren, and through the close and 
narrow road of Carcair", without receiving battle or skirmish, and without 
being followed or pursued, until they reached the mansions on the smooth plain 
of Meadhraighe''. They remained that night on the hill of Cnoc-an-ghearrain- 
bhain*, between Kilcolgan and Galway. On the following day they divided 
the spoils and booty among one another at that place ; and each party of them 
were then guiding and closely driving their own kwful portions of the property 
along the roads of the fair province of Connaught. The journey which they 
performed on that day was not a long one, for they were weary and fatigued, 
not having been able to sleep on the night before, through fear of being attacked 
by the enemies whose country they had plundered. Having now altogether 
laid aside their apprehensions, they made an encampment for the night beibre 
they had gone far. Their servants and attendants proceeded to prepare their 
dinner, and, having taken food till they were satisfied, they retired to rest until 
morning, when the army, rising from' their slumber, proceeded on their journey. 
O'Donnell permitted Mac William and those who had come from lar-Connaught 
to return to their homes. He set out himself in a directly eastern direction, 
along the common roads, until he arrived, at the end of the day, in Conmaicne- 
Cuile-Tolaigh'', in the very centre of the province, where he remained for that 
night. 

On the next day O'Donnell ordered his people to send away all their cattle- 
spoils and plunders home to their houses, and to let their servants and the 
unarmed and wounded go along with them. Among those of their chiefs who 
were mortally wounded at this time were Teige Oge, the son of Niall, son of 
Niall Roe, son of Turlough Bearnach O'Boyle ; and Duigin, the son of Maccon, 

situated about a mile to the north of the village ' Conmaicne-CuUe-Tolaigh, now the barony of 

of Clarinbridge. Kilmaine, in the south of the county of Mayo. 



2200 aNNQta Rio^hachca eiReaww. [1600. 

coiccpiche ui cirijiij,-] ba hanti po gonab mOfiDe, apaon la opuins ele do 
muinnciii Hi Dorhnaill po bdccap aj 1011111-01516 an claip rhoiji pop 1apla ruab- 
miiman. Qp on cclap pin ainmnijreap connrae an claip. Qcbarpac an Oiap 
pempaice pop an cconaip 05 p6a6 Doib, -| po lomcuipirr apaon Dm ccipib co 
po habnaicicc 1 noun na njall. 

■Ro Ificc cpa Ua Dorhnaill opong mop Dia rhilfDaib -) Dia ampoib lap na 
cpfchaib,-] lap an luce pempaice Do peDuccaD conaipe Doib. T?o corhaiplficc 
DUa puaipc, 1 Dia muinncip coibecc Dia cnjib, -| Do connaccoib apcfna. 
popcaip cpd Ua Domhnaill coicc ceD laoc do poijnib a mileoD ina pocaip co 
pfpccac mapcac Dia painrhuincip baofin a maille ppiu. Qipipic ipin lonjpopc 
1 mbdcap in aohaij piarii 50 hiap mfbon lai. Cocrap laparh cpep an ccoicceaD 
poipbfp 50 mbdcrap ace loch piach 1 ccpepiipcul na maiDne ap a bapac. 5a 
hepibe pope aipeachaip lapla clomne piocaipD. T?o Ificcpioc a pccfimelra 
ap gac Ifir Diob DinDpeaD na cpiche, co po cionoilpior ina mbaoi Do cpoD, 1 
Dinnili in jach aipD ina niompocpaib, 1 Do parpac leo 50 haon maijin. 
Ciajaic CO na ccpfchaib leo cpep an ccoicceaD poip jup jabpac longpopc 1 
nimelan ripe ppi Suca 1 nofp, oDhaij an Domnaig Do ponpaD, aipipic hipuiDe 
co maDain an luain. Loccap ap a bdpac cap ar liacc ppionn pop an Suca, -| 
cpe maj naoi mic alljuba 50 pangacap jup an pejaip im cpdc nona, gabaic 
longpopc ppip an abainn a cuaiD in aDhaij pin. Uiajaic ap a bapach cap 
coipppliab na pejpa, ■) cpe cpiocaib an copamn -| co baile an TTlhocaij. 
Scaoilic na ploij Dia ccijib lapam, co neDdlaib -| co nionnmapaib. 

TUac ui neill .1. Sip Qpc, mac coippbealbaij luinij, mic neill conallaij, 
mic aipc mic cuinn, Do Dol hi ccfnn na ngall (po gab pope 1 nDun na long) 
Do coccab ap Ua neill, "| an cape ceDna pa Dpdgail bdip 1 ppappab na ngall 
pempaice. 

Imcupa Uf Dorhnaill, bai co na plojaib gan pojluapacc o Do puacc a cuab- 
mumqm lapp an cupup pempaice 50 Sepeembep ap ccinn. lap leccab a 

' The county of Clare is named. — This is a mere ders of the counties of Roscommon and Sligo. 
note, which very much incumbers the narrative ; ' Died among the English. — He joined Docwra 

but it is very correct, and refutes the idea that with thirty horse and thirty foot on the 1st of 

the county of Clare has derived its name from June, and died on the 28th of October following. 

Sir Thomas de Clare. The Queen intended creating him Earl of Tyrone. 

* Seaghais. — This was the old name of Coirr- — See Docwra's Narration ; and Moryson's His- 

shliabh, or the Curlieu range of hills, on the bor- tory of Ireland, book i. c. 2. 



1600] ANNALS OF THP: KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2201 

son of CucogryO'Clery; who were both [accidentally] wounded by another party 
of O'Donnell's people, as they were attacking Clar-mor upon the Earl of Tho- 
mond. From this Clar the county of Clare is named'. The two aforesaid died 
on the road, returning home ; and they were both carried to their territories, 
and were buried at Donegal. 

O'Donnell sent a large party of his warriors and soldiers with the preys 
and people aforesaid, to clear the way for them ; and he advised O'Rourke 
and his people, and the other Connaughtmen in general, to return home. 
O'Donnell retained five hundred heroes of his choice soldiers, and sixty horse- 
men, of his own faithful people. They remained in the camp in which they 
had been the night before imtil after mid-day. They then proceeded through 
the province in a south-easterly direction, and arrived, by the twilight of the 
following morning, at Loughrea. This was the chief residence of the Earl of 
Clanrickard. They sent out marauding parties in every direction to plunder 
the country ; and these collected all the cattle and herds in their neighboiirhood 
in every direction, and brought them to one place. They came with their preys 
eastwards across the province, and on Sunday pitched their camp with them 
near the borders of the province, to the south of the Suck, where they remained 
until Monday morning. On this day (Monday) they proceeded across Athleague, 
and through the plain of Nai, son of AUgubha [i. e. Machaire-Chonnacht], and 
in the evening arrived at Seaghais**, where they encamped northwards of the 
river for that night On the next day they crossed Coirrshliabh-na-Seaghsa, 
and proceeded through the territory of Corran to Ballymote. The forces then 
dispersed for their homes with spoils and riches. 

The son of O'Neill, namely. Sir Art, the son of Turlough Luineach, son of 
Niall Conallagh, son of Art, son of Con, went over to assist the English, who 
were fortified at Dun-na-long, in order to wage war against O'Neill. This Art 
died among th.e English*. 

As for O'Donnell, he remained with his troops, without making any excur- 
sion [out of Tirconnell], from the time that he returned from the aforesaid 
expedition in Thomond to the September following^ After his soldiers and 

f September following. — This appears to have inactive in his own territory till September ; for, 
been copied from the Life of Hugh Eoe O'Don- according to Docwra, O'Donnell made the at- 
nelL It is not true that O'Donnell remained tack described in the text on the 29th of July. 

13 A 



2202 



QHNaca Rio^hachca eiReawH. 



[1600. 



yccfp t)ia amyaib, -\ oia aof ciiapuy^cail an aipfcc pn, Ro cocuip piurfi 
laopDe cucca Oup an ppuicchbfb baojal pop na jallaib. l?o haipnfmfo Do 



Docwra gives a most curious and minute account 
of the attack made on him by the Irish, and the 
coming over to his side of Sir Arthur O'Neill 
and Niall Garv O'Donnell, with their followers, 
without whose intelligence and guidance little 
or nothing could have been effected by Docwra, 
who candidly acknowledges the fact, and re- 
marks : " Although it is true withall they had 
theire owne ends in it, which were always for pri- 
vate revenge, and wee ours, to make use of them 
for the furtherance of the publique service." His 
journal of the transactions that took place in the 
neighbourhood of Derry and Lifford, from this 
period to the first of November, is as follows : 

" On the 28th of June came some men of 
o'Doghertyes, & lay in ambush before Ellogh ; 
the Garrison discouering them, fell out & skir- 
misht ; a litle of from the Castle wee perceived 
them, from the Derry, to be in feight. I tooke 
40 horse & 500 ffoote, & made towards them ; 
when they Sawe vs coming they left the skir- 
mish & drewe away : wee followed vp as fast as 
wee could, &, coming to the foote of a moun- 
tain e, which they were to pass ouer in theire 
retreate, wee might see them all march before 
vs, though but slowlie, yet with as much speede 
as they were able to make, being, to our griefife, 
about 400 foote & 60 horse, & wee makeing as 
much hast on our partes to ouertake them. By 
that time the last of them had obtained the topp 
of the hill : S'' John Chamberlaine & I, with 
some 10 horse more, were come vpp close on 
theire heeles, all our foote, & the rest of our 
horse, coming after vs as fast as they could, but 
all out of breath & exceedinglie tired. Hauing 
thus gained the very topp of the hill, & seeing 
but fewe about me, I stayed and badd a stand 
to be made till more Company might come vpp ; 
and withall, casting my head about, to see how 
our men followed, I seeing the foote farr be- 



hinde, & our horse but slowlie Clyming vpp; 
turning about againe I might see S' John 
Chamberlaine unhorsed, lying on the ground, a 
stones cast before mee, & at least a Dozen hew- 
ing at him with theire Swords. I presentlie 
gaue forward to haue rescued him, & my horse 
was shott in two places & fell deade vnder mee, 
yet they forsooke him vpon it, & wee recouered 
his bodie, but wounded with 16 woundes, & in- 
stantlie giving vp the Ghost, wherevpon wee 
made a stand in the place, & staying till more 
Companie came vp, wee brought him off, & suf- 
ferred them to march away without further 
pursuite. 

" On the second of July I put 800 men into 
Boates, and landed them att Dunalong, Tyrone 
(as wee were tould) lying in Campe within two 
myles of the Place, where I presentlie fell to 
raiseing a Forte. His men came downe & skir- 
misht with vs all that day, but perceiuing the 
next wee were tilted, & out of hope to be able 
to remoue us, they rise vp & left vs quietlie to 
doe what we would, where, after I had made it 
reasouablie defensible, I left S' John Bowles in 
Garrison with 6 Companyes of Foote, & after- 
wards sent him 50 horse. 

" On the 14th of July came O'Donnell with 
a troupe of 60 horse, &, earely in the Morninge, 
as our watch was ready to be discharged, fell 
vpon a Corpes de Guard of some 20 of our horse, 
but they defended themselues without loss, & 
orderlie retyred to the Quarter, only Captaine 
John Sidney was hurte in the shoulder with 
the blowe of a staffe. 

" On the 29th of July he came againe with 
600 Foote & 60 horse, and lay close in ambush 
in a valley within a quarter of a myle of our 
outmost horse sentinells ; & Moyle Morrogh 
mac Swyndoe (a man purposelie sent with mee 
by the state, and soe well esteemed of as the 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2203 



hirelings had within this period rested themselves, he svimmoned them to him, 
to see whether he could get any advantage of the English. He was informed 



queene had giuen a Pention of vi' a day vnto 
during his life, & the present Comaund of 100 
English souldiers) having intelligence with him, 
caused some of his men to goe, a litle before 
Breake of Day, & driue forth our horses (that 
were vsually euery night brought into the 
Hand to Graze) directlie towards him, In soe 
much as, vpon the sodaine, before any thinge 
could be done to preuent it, he gott to the num- 
ber of 60 into his power, & presentlie made 
hast to be gone. But with the alarum I rise vp 
from my Bedd, tooke some 20 horses, and such 
foote as were readie, Bidd the rest follow, & soe 
made after them. At fower myles end wee 
ouertooke them, theire owne horses kept in the 
reare, flanked with foote, marching by the edge 
of a Bogge, & those horse they had gott from 
vs sent away before with the foremost of theire 
foote. When they sawe vs cominge, they turned 
heade & made readie to receiue vs ; wee charged 
them, & at the first encounter I was stricken 
with a horseman's stafe in the Foreheade, in soe 
much as I fell for deade, & was a goode while 
deprived of my sences ; Butt the Captaines & 
Gentlemen that were about me (whereof the 
cheife that I Remember were Captaine An- 
thony Erington, Captaine John Sidney, Cap- 
taine John Kingsmyll, & Mathew Wroth, a 
Corporall of my horse Companie) gaue beyond 
my Bodie & enforced them to giue ground a 
good way, by meanes whereof I recouered my- 
selfe, was sett vp on my horse, & soe safelie 
brought of, & Conducted home, & they suiFerred, 
with the prey they had gott, to departe with- 
out further pursuite. 

"I kepte my Bedd of this wound by the 
space of a fortneth, my chamber a weeke after, 
& then I came abroade ; & the first thinge I did, 
I tooke a viewe & particuler muster of all the 
Companyes. How weake I found them, euen 

13 



beyonnd expectation (though I had seene them 
decay very fast before), is scarselie credible ; &, 
I thinke, noe man will denye but it was euen 
then a strange Companie, that, of 150 in list, 
could bring to doe service 25 or 30 able, at the 
most. 

" Then did I alsoe manifestlie discouer the 
Trechery of the said Moyle Morrogh Mac Swy- 
nedo" [Mulmurry Mac Sweeny Doe], " hauing 
intercepted the Messenger that he employed to 
O'Donnell in all his Bussines, out of whose 
mouth I gott a full Confession of all his Prac- 
tices, & especialUe, that it was hee that caused 
his men of purpose to driue forth our horses, 
which he was so manifestlie convinced of as hee 
had not the face to denie it, wherevpon I delir 
uered him to Captaine Flemminge, who was then 
going to Dublin, to carry to my lord Deputie, 
there to receiue his tryall; who, putting him 
vnder hatches in his shipp, & himselfe coming 
to shoore with his Boate, the hatch being opened 
to sett Beere, he stept vp vpon the Decke, & 
threwe himselfe into the Riuer, & soe Swamme 
away to O'Canes side, which was hard by; they 
in the shipp, amazed with the soddayneness of 
the fact, & doing nothing that tooke eiFect, to 
prevent it. 

" On the 24th of August came Eoorey, bro- 
ther to O Cane (hauing before made his agree- 
ment with mee, to serue vnder S' Arthur 
O Neale), & brought with him 12 horse, 30 
foote, & 60 fatt Beeues, — a Present welcome at 
that time, for besides that fresh meate was then 
rare to be had, our provisions in stoore were 
very neere spent. I gaue him thereof a Eecom- 
pence for them in money, & allowed him a 
small parte of souldiers to goe forth againe, 
whoe returned the next day, & brought 40 
more. Annother small Pray hee sett againe 
within fewe dayes after, & then, thinking hee 

a2 



2204 



awNaca Rio^hachca eiReaHw. 



[1600. 



jup bo gnac Deachpaib na njall cocc pop mjelcpab Do paijioh pepjiiipc 
pdpaigh baof pop loncmb an baile .1. Dorpe,i opong Do mapcpluaj na njall aga 



had gayned himselfe Credite enough, hee came 
& demaunded 800 men to doe an enterprise 
•withall, that should be (as he tould a very faire 
& probable tale for) of farr greater importance 
& seruice to the Queen. I had onelie the per- 
suation of S' Arthur O Neile (who I verylie 
thinke was a faithful & honnest Man), granted 
him some men, though not halfe the Number he 
askt, because, in truth, I had them not. But 
before the time came they should sett forth, 
S'' Arthur had changed his opinion, & bad mee 
bewarre of him. I stayed my hand therefore, 
& refused him the men. He apprehended I did 
it out of distrust, & with many oathes & Pro- 
testations indeuored to perswade mee of his 
truth & fidelitie ; But finding all would not 
prevaile, he desired I would suffer him to goe 
alone with such men of his owne as he had, & 
he would retourne with such a testimonie of 
his honnestie, as I should neuer after haue 
Cause to be doubtefull of him more. I was 
content, soe hee left mee Pledges for his re- 
tourne ; hee offered mee two that accepted of 
theire owne accords to engage theire Hues for 
it, & himselfe besids promised it with a so- 
lemn oath taken vpon the Bible, soe I lett him 
goe. The next day he came backe to the wa- 
terside, right ouer against the towne, with 300 
Men in his Companye, and, hauing the Kiver 
betweene him & vs, called to the souldiers on 
our side, & bad them tell mee he was there re- 
turned, according to promise. But ment noe 
Longer to serue against his owne Brother ; & if 
ibr his Pledges I would accepte of a Ransome of 
Cowea, he would send mee in what reasonable 
Number I should demaund ; But threatned. If 
I tooke away theire lives, there should not an 
English man escape that euer came within his 
danger. This being presentlie brought vnto 
mee, & approued to be true by Repetition in 



myne owne sight & hearing, I caused a Gibbett 
to be straight sett vp, brought them forth, & 
hanged them before his face ; & it did afterwards 
manifestlie appeare this man was, of purpose, 
sent in, from the very begining, to betraye vs, 
& at this time he had laid soe faire a Plott, all 
was done by directions of Tyrone, who lay in 
Ambush to receiue vs. 

" And now the winter beganne to be feirce 
vpon vs ; our men wasted with contjnuall la- 
boures, the Hand scattered with Cabbins full 
of sicke men, our Biskitt all spent, our other 
prouisions of nothing but Meale, Butter, & a 
litle Wine, & that, by Computation, to hould 
out but 6 dayes longer. Tyrone & O'Donell, 
to weaken vs the more, Proclaming free passage 
& releife through theire Countrie, to send them 
away, to as many as would leaue vs and departe 
for England. Our two fortes, notwithstanding 
all the dilligcnce wee had beene able to vse, farre 
from the state of being defensible. O'Donell, 
well obseruing the opportunitie of this time, if 
his skill and Resolution had beene as good to 
prosecute it to the full, on the 16 of September 
came, with 2000 Men, about midnight, vndis- 
couered, to the very edge of the Bogge that di- 
vides the Hand from the mayne Lande (for our 
horses were soe weake & soe fewe that wee were 
not able to hould watch any further out), ife 
there, being more then a good muskett shott 
of, they discharged theire peeces, whereby wee 
had warning enough (if neede had beene) to 
put our selues in Armes at leysure. But there 
was not a Night, in many before, wherein both 
myselfe & the Captaines satt not vp in expecta- 
tion of this attempt, and Captaine Thomas 
White, having some 20 horse roadie in Armes 
f(jr all occasions, came presentlie, & brauelie 
charged vpon the first that were now past ouer 
the Bogg & gott into the Hand, kild about 1 4 



1600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOxM OF IRELAND. 



2205 



that the horses of the English were sent out every day, under the charge of a 
party of English cavalry, to graze upon a grassy field that was opposite the 



or 15, whose bodies wee saw lying there the 
next day, & the rest, takeing a fright, con- 
fusedly retired as fast as they could ; yet, to 
make it seene they departed not in feare, they 
kept thereabouts till the morning, & then, as- 
soone as it was broad day Light, they made a 
faire Parade of themselues vpon the side of a 
hill, full in our sight, & soe marched away. 

" The very next day came in a supplie of vic- 
tuells, very shortlie after 50 newe horse, & 
shortelie after that againe 600 foote, & withall, 
because the lords had beene aduertized the 
stoore howses wee erected at first, of Deale 
boardes onelie, were many wayes insufficient, 
& vnable to preserue the munitions and vic- 
tuells in, they sent vs, about this time, two 
frames of Timber for howses, with most thinges 
iiecessarie to make them vp withal, which they 
ordayned to supplie that defect with ; & now 
alsoe, where before the souldiers were enioyned 
to worke, without other allowance than theire 
ordinarie pays, Theire lordships, vpon adver- 
tisment of the inconueniencie thereof (which in 
truth was such as, doe what wee could, the 
workes went but exceeding slowlie forward, & 
with very much difficulty), I tlien receiued or- 
ders to give them an addition to their wages 
(when they wrought vpon the fortifications) of 
4''' a day ; & soe wee were then, in all things, 
fullie & sufficientlie releeued. 

" On the third of October came in Neile Garvie 
O Donell, with 40 horse & 60 Foote ; a man I 
was also directed by the state to winne to the 
Queene's seruice, & one of equall estimation in 
Tyrconnell, that Sir Arthur O Neale was of in 
Tyrone. The secreet message that had past 
betweene him & mee, hee found were discouered 
to O Donnell, and therefore somewhat sooner 
then otherwise he intended, & with less assu- 
raunce iX- hope of many Conditions, that hee 



stood vpon. Yet, it is true, I promised him, in 
the behalfe of the Queene, the whole Countrey 
of Tirconnell to him & his heires ; & my lord 
Deputie & Councell at Dublin did afterwards 
confirme it vnto him vnder theire hands ; & his 
Coming in was very acceptable att that time, & 
such as we made many vses of, & could ill haue 
spared. 

" The next day after hee came, wee drewe 
forth our forces, & made a journey to the He of 
Inche, where, by his information, wee had 
learned there was a good Prey of Cattell to be 
gott ; but the tides falling out extraordinarie 
high, wee were not able to pass them to gett in, 
so as wee were forced to turne our Course & 
gee downe into 0-Dogherties Countrie, though 
to litle purpose, for, knowing of our coming, hee 
draue away all before vs, onelie some stacks of 
Corne wee found, which wee sett on fire. 

" The 8th of October I assigned vnto the said 
Neale Garvie 500 foote & .30 horse, vnder the 
leading of S' John Bowles, to goe to take the 
Liffer, where 30 of O Donnells men lay in Gar- 
rison in a Forte in one of the Corneres of the 
towne; & most of them, being abroad when they 
came, were surpriced & slaine, & the place 
taken ; yet soe as one of them had first putt 
fire into the Forte, which consumed all the 
Buildings in it; but the rest of the Howses 
scattered abroade in the towne (which were 
about 20) were preserued & stood vs afterwards 
in singuler good steade. 

"O- Donell having heard of the takeing of 
this Place, came on the xi"" of October, with 
700 foote & 100 horse, & encamped himselfe 
about 3 myles oflP at Castle Fyn. The next day 
he came & shewed himselfe before the Towne, 
our Garrison made out, had a skirmish with 
him of an houre longe, wherein Neale Garuie 
behaved himselfe Brauelie ; Capten Aiigusten 



2206 aHNQta Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [leoo. 

ppopcoirhfcc gach laof. Oc cualaij piurh innpin po jab 050 pccpuDaD cionnup 
no bepab amup pop an eachpaib fpii, cona6 e m Do poine Dpong mop Dia 
TTnlfoaib, -| Dipim mapcac (nap bo luja oloac pe ceo a li'on ecip cpoijceac, 
-| mapcac) do bpfic laip 50 ofcelra 1 nDopcaca na hoibce 50 hucc allbpuaic 
lombomain po bai ipin maijpliab rapla pop ajhaiD Doipe a cuaiD, bail in po 
ba peil Doib mumcip an baile, -| nap bo popaiccpiona DoibpiDe laopom. Ro 
cuip uarhab bfcc Da mapploj 1 nionabaib lonpoiljiDe a ppoccup Don baile hi 
cceilj popp na heoca, -| pop a naep coimfrca co na biompai'Dip a nfchpaba 
pop a cculaib Dopibipi cecib can po bob lamn leo. bdccap Din an cucc pm 
ap na nmnell 50 hupcopac an laof. Qc ciac an fchpa cuca oapp an upbpocac 
(co na luce popcoimfcca) amail po jnachaijpioc. Ro fipgfccap mapcpluaj 
uf DorhnaiU Doib Dap a nfipi,-| Do paDpacc ammup pop luchc an popcoirhecca, 
mapbaicc Dpong Diob, "] cepna a poile la luap a neachpab -\ a nepma. 
^abaicc muinncip Uf DorhnaiU ace lomdm eacpaibe na ngall po a ccumanj. 
Cicc a ploj bubbfin Dia ccompupcacr pop na jalloib, 1 po cuippior na hfich 
pfmpa. Ro popdil Ua Domnaill pop Dpuing Dia mapcploj Dol lap na heocha, 
"] jan anitiain ppippium iDip co piopcafp co hionao innill. Oo ponab arhlaib. 
Ctnaip o Domnaill po DeoiD "| an lion po coj Dia rhapcploj ina pappaD co na 
rhflf&aib cpoijrec. 

Oc ciaD na 501II Deiliuccab a neoc ppiu eipjicc po ceboip, -| gabaicc a 
napma, -\ Do Ificcfc 1 noeaDhaib uf boTTinaill. Do Deacaib an jenepal Sip 
henpg Docupa co na mapcploj pop a neocaib (Doneoc po popcc a nfoca 1 
nionaDaib innilli Diob, ~\ na po pccap ppiu Don cup pin), -| ciajaic ipin 
co5paini amail ap Deme po peDpac. Oc connaipc 6 Domnaill mapcpluaj na 
ngall pop Dianimpim ina beabhaiD anaip 1 noeoiD a mileab cpoigceac co na 
Diopma mapcploj ina pocaip co puccpac mapcploj na njall paip. Oo bfpacc 

Heath tooke a light hurte in his hand, & some more with his owne hands, & had his horse 

10 or 12 Men on ech side were slaine. slaine vnder him. Captaine Heath took a shott 

" On the 24th he came againe, & laide him- in the thigh, whereof he shortelie after died, & 

selfe in ambush a myle from the towne, watch- some 20 more there were hurte & slaine. 
ing to intercept our men Fetching in of turfe, " On the 28th of October dyed S' Arthur 

which, before our Coming, the Irish had made O'Neale of a fevour, in whose place came pre- 

for their owne Provision. The Alarme taken, sentlie after one Cormocke, a brother of his, 

the Garrison made forth againe, & Neale Garvie that clamed to succeed him as the next of his 

bebaued himselfe .brauelie as before, charged kinne, & had, in that name, good entertainments 

borne vpon them, kUled one, hurt one or two from the Queene. But shortelie after came his 



1600] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2207 

town, i. e. Derry ;' when he heard this, he began to meditate how he could 
make a descent upon those horses; and this is what he did : he took privately, 
in the darkness of the night, a large party of his soldiers, and a squadron of 
cavalry (amounting to no less than six hundred, between horse and foot), to 
the brink of a steep rocky valley, which was on the flat mountain to tlie north 
of Derry, from whence they could plainly see the people of the town, who 
could not easily s6e them. He placed a small party of his cavalry in ambush 
for the horses and their keepers, at concealed places not far from the town, so 
as to prevent them from returning to the town when they should wish to do 
so. They x-emained thus in ambush until the break of day, when they per- 
ceived the horses with their keepers coming across the bridge as usual. 
O'Donnell's cavalry set out after them, and attacked and slew some of the 
keepers ; but others made their escape by means of the fleetness and swiftness 
of their horses. O'Donnell's people then commenced driving off as many of 
the English horses as had been left behind in their power. The main body of 
their own force coming up to assist them against the English, they sent the 
horses before them. O'Donnell ordered a party of his cavalry to go off with 
the horses to a secure place, and not to wait for himself at all until they should 
reach a secure place. This was accordingly done ; [and] O'Donnell remained 
behind, with a body of his cavalry which he selected and with his foot soldiers. 
When the English perceived that their horses had been taken away from 
tliem, they immediately arose, and, taking their arms, set out in pursuit of 
O'Donnell. The General, Sir Henry Docwra, with his horsemen mounted on 
theip horses (i. e. such of them as retained their horses in secure places, and 
had not lost them on that occasion), joined in the pursuit as rapidly as they 
were able. When O'Donnell saw the cavalry of the English in full speed after 
him, he remained behind his infantry with his troop of cavalry, until the Eng- 

owne Sonne, Tirlogh, that was, indeed, his true "All this while, after Liffer had beene taken, 

& imediate heire, whome the state accepted of, O'Donell kept vp & do^vne in those parts, watch- 

& admitted to inherite all the fortune & hopes ing still to take our men vpon some advantage, 

of his father. Hee had not attained to the full but finding none, & hearing two Spanish shipps 

age of a man, &, therefore, the service he was that were come into Calebegg with Munition, 

able to doe was not greate, but some vse wee Armes, & Money, on the 20th of November he 

had of him, & I thinke his disposition was departed towards them, & betweene Tirone & 

faithfull & honest him intending to make a dividend of it." 



2208 awNata Rio^bachca eiReawN. [1600. 

pi6e amup calma pop Ua noorhnaiU tjap cfrin a ccpficbe, I'a nrini^. popp- 
aijhip o DoTTinaill ppippin DeaBaiD 50 Deola Dupcpoibech,-! pfprap lomaipfcc 
aitinup froppa cCccap na Oct Ifice. Ueilccip apoile commbpacaip Dua Dom- 
naiU .}. .Q06 mac Qo6a ouib 1111c Qoba puaiD uf Domnaill, poja pojablaiji 
ap amup an jenepal Sip henpg Docupa co ccapla i ccul a eoairi gan lompoll 
50 pop jon 50 Viaicfp arhnup. Soaip an jenepal pop cculaib lap na cpeajoab 
panilaiD, 1 poaicc na 501II apcfna lap njuin a cconnaij, a ccfrin corhaiple, ■] 
a ccpfinpip po rhela, 1 araip, -\ ni po Ifnpac a nfchpa ni ba pipi. Uiaccaic 
muinnp Uf bortinaill Dia pccopaib, -| po pfrheao leo a neacpa Dup puccpac, 
puillfo pop Dib ceoaib each bd pf6 a lion. Rannaip Ua Dorhnaill na heoca 
dp a liairle popp na huaiplib lap na ccorhpariiaib. 

6ai imoppo Ua Dorhnaill i ppopbaippi popp na jallaib jan pojluapcTic ap 
a np 50 ofipfD occobep. T?o cionnpccam annpiDe Dol 50 cuabrhurhain do pi6ipi 
Dia hinopeab. T?o rfcclamab a ploj laip lap ccinnfb pop an ccorhaiple pin, -| 
nf po aipip CO painicc cap Slicceach piap,-] co baile an rhocaijh. T?o pctccaib 
Niall japb, mac cuinn, mic an calbaij, mic TTlajnapa Uf Dorhnaill Dap a eipi 
ipm ccpfch Dm hiorricoirhfcc popp na gallaib ap na ciopcaip Di'a hinDpeab. 

^aba.cc na 501II aj dil ") ace acach Neill jaipb ui Dorhnaill 50 hmclfire, 
1 ace epail pfji an cipe paip Diamab laD bab copccpac. Ro cmjeallpac 
apccaba lomba, "| maoine •mdpa Do ppippm Dia ccfopab ina ccommbdij. 6af 
piurh ag coipcecc ppip na corhraib achaib poDa co po beonaij a ainpen Do 
po beoioh Dul Dia paijib la mfaiple an aepa pfij pop uallaij bdcap imapaen 
ppipp,"] pop airpeac Do ciob lap ccpioll. Do beacacap a rpiap Dfpbpairpeac 
laip ipin eoirhfipje pin .1. Qob buibe, Oorhnall, 1 Conn. Ro ba pfipDe on Do 
jalloib a nDolporh Dia nionnpaijib, uaip popcap pcfcij, mf pcnij gan coblab 

8 Hugh, son of Hugh Duv. — He is described, in van Beare says that Docwra's helmet was pierced 

the Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, by Peregrine by it. 

O'Clery, as " the Achilles of the Irish race." " Secundo die, quam in terram exsiluerunt, 

Sir Henry Docwra little knew who it was that Odonellus occurrens centum sexaginta octo 

struck him when he wrote : " At the first en- equos eis adimit, et rurstis equos iuxta oppidmn 

ceunter I was stricken with a horseman's staffe pascentes Catholici rapiunt, quos sequuntur 

in the forehead, in soe much as I fell for dead, Angli. Equestre proelium fit. Hugo Odonel- 

and was a good while deprived of my senses," lus cognomento Junior Docrium telo per Gra- 

&C., &c. The weapon cast at Docwra was a leam fixo fracto cranio vulnerat." — Hist. CathoL 

javelin, not a mere stick or stafi"; and P. O'SuUe- Iter., torn. 3, lib. 6, cap. v. fol. 171. 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2209 

lish came up witli him. They made a courageous attack upon O'Donnell for 
[the recovery of] their spoils, and of what was under their protection. O'Don- 
nell sustained the onset valiantly and resolutely ; and a fierce battle was fought 
them. One of O'Donnell's kinsmen, namely, Hugh, the son of Hugh Duv^, son 
of Hugh Roe, made a well-aimed cast of a javelin at the General, Sir Henry 
Docwra, and, striking him directly in the forehead, wounded him very severely. 
When the General was thus pierced, he returned back ; and the English, seeing 
their chief, their adviser, and their mighty man, wounded, returned home in 
sorrow and disgrace, and pursued their horses no further. O'Donnell's people 
proceeded to their tents, and, on reckoning the horses which they had carried 
off, they found them to exceed two hundred* in number. O'Donnell afterwards 
divided the horses among his gentlemen, according to their deserts. 

O'Donnell remained besieging the English, without moving from his terri- 
tory, until the end of October, when he began to make preparations to go again 
into Thomond, to plunder it. After having come to this resolution, he assem- 
bled his forces, and made no delay until he came westwards across the Sligo, 
and to Ballymote. He left Niall Garv, the son of Con, son of Calvagh, son of 
Manus O'Donnell, behind him in the territory, to defend it against the EngUsh, 
and prevent them from plundering it. 

The English [now] began privately to entreat and implore Niall Garv 
O'Donnell [to join them], offering to confer the chieftainship of the territory 
upon him, should they prove victorious. They promised him, moreover, many 
rewards and much wealth, if he would come over to their alliance. He listened 
for a long time to their offers ; and his misfortune at length permitted him to 
go over to them', by the evil counsel of envious and proiid people who were 
along with him ; but for this he was afterwards sorry. His three brothers, 
namely, Hugh Boy, Donnell, and Con, joined him in this revolt. The English 
were, no doubt, the better of their going over to them ; for they were weary 

" Two hundred — Docwra says that the num- treachery towards her brother on this occasion, 

ber was sixty, but the probability is, that this " Asper earn occasionem opportunam ratus, ad 

is a mistake of his transcriber (for we have not Anglos se confert (ob id a Nolla coniuge sua 

his own autograph), for 160. P. O'SuIlevan Odonelli sorore desertus), quibus Leffiriam, 

Beare makes the number 168. quam ipse custodiaj causae tenebat tradit. In 

' Togo over to them. — P. O'SuIlevan Beare states ea Angli decern cohortes collocant." — Hist. Ca- 

that Niall Garv was deserted by his wife for his thai, ^c, torn. 3, lib. 6, c. v. fol. 171. 

13 b 



2210 QNHata Rio^hachca eiReawH. [1600. 

gan curiipanaD jac noibce la homan Ui borhraill, -| popcap paechaij, jallpai^ 
la hiomcuimje an lonaio \ mbdrap, lap na biadaib pCnnDa, -\ lap an ppeoil 
paillce pfpbgoipc, -] la hfpbaiD uippeola, -| 506 cuapa ba roich Doib. l?op 
aipcTnp Nmll 6 Dorhnaill im gac nf ba cfpbaib poppa, 1 po puapccail 001b 
ap m ccapcaip ccurhainj 1 mbdcap. 6fipip oeich cceo laoc 50 Ifirbeap laip, 
baile eipibe pop up an loca ceona, -| ba Dundpup oipoeipc oUa Domnaill 
eipi6e, 1 ba heoamsfn an lonbaib pm, uaip m paibe Dxinam Dio^ainn, na caip- 
ciall clac aolca ann ppi pe poDa, lap na bloDaO pecc piam, acr ma6 Dunclab 
Dfnnirh ap na imbenarh Do cpmiD -] Dpooaib an calrhan,-] caol claip eoorhain 
uipcciDe ma cimcell ag lompuipec la haicjin an Duin bai ann poiriie Do cupcc- 
bdil DopiDhipe. 

Ro paccaibhpioc an caepcoiihfcca an popr pm pdp la buaman -] imeccla 
6 po pdchai^pioc na 501II cuca, -| gan 6 Domnaill Do bfic ma ppoccup. La- 
pobam ranjaccop na 501II Don popr, 1 po coccaibpioc muip mopaibble -\ 
Durha&a cpiaD, 1 cloc pop a pccac gup bo DamgCn ppi cacuccaD eipcib 1 
nacchaiD a narhac. 

LuiD apaile pfp Do pamriiumnnp Uf borhnaill ma DeaDhaib 50 ppiop pccel 
an cfpe, ■] acpeD Do ma nDfpnab mnce Dia eipi. 5a bionjnab mop,"] ba 
maccnab mfnman la hUa nDomhnaill a bparaip,i a cliarham DiompuD paip, 
uaip ba pf Dfipbpmp Uf bombnaill nuala, po ba bampemj Don rf mall. 
Impaip Ua Domnaill a coicceab connacc, ap nf pamicc cap baile an mocaij 
piap an can puccpac pjela paip,-| lompaiD a ploj arhail ap DTme po peDpar. 
Qcc cCna ni puacc la a mflfbaib O Domnaill Do ppfpral, ace mab uacaD Dia 
rhapcploj 50 painicc hi ccorhpocpaib Don Ifirbfp pempdice. Nf caipnic lap 
na jallaib cpfcha, na aipccne Do benaih pepiu pdmicc O Domnaill pop 
cculaib, ace a bCir ag Dainjniuccab a lonjpopc, "j ag claibe mup, ~\ oc cua- 
laccap 6 Domnaill Do coibecr, nf po Ificc a eccla Doib an pope 1 mbdccaji 
Dpaccbdil pop cfnn aoin nfic Dia mbaof Depbaib poppa. 

Ctipipib Ua Domnaill 1 nionab nap bo hfiDipcian o na gallaib co puccpac 

' For want of, literally, "without sleep, with- which Derry is situated. The reader is to bear 

out rest every night, for fear of O'Donnell." in mind that the Irish called all the extent of 

Of their situation, literally, " of the place in water from Lifford to the sea by the name of 

which they were." Lough Foyle. What modern map-makers call 

°" The same lough : i. e. the same lough on the Eiver Foyle, the ancient Irish considered as 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRE&AND. 2211 

and fatigued for want of sleep and rest every night, through fear of O'Don- 
neli ; and they were diseased and distempered in consequence of the narrow- 
ness of their situation', and the old victuals, the salt and bitter flesh-meat they 
used, and from the want of fresh meat, and other necessaries to which they 
had been accustomed. Niall O'Donnell provided them with every thing they 
stood in need of, and relieved them from the narrow prison in which they 
were confined. He took ten hundred warriors with him to LiiFord, a town 
upon the banks of the same lough", and a celebrated residence of O'Donnell ; 
but at this time the place was not fortified ; for there had not been any strong 
fortress or castle of lime and stone there for a long time before (the one there 
last having been destroyed), or any thing but a small rampart of earth and 
sods, surrounded by a narrow, shallow ditch of water, as preparations for the 
erection of a fortress similar to the one which had been there before. 

The guards, as soon as they perceived the English approaching, vacated 
this fort through dread and fear, because O'Doimell was not near [to assist] 
them. The English thereupon entered the fort and raised large mounds and 
ramparts of earth and stone to shelter them ; so that they were sufficiently 
fortified to hold out against their enemies. 

One of O'Donnell's faithful people followed after him with information 
concerning the state of the country, and told him what had happened in his 
absence. O'Donnell was much surprised and amazed that his kinsman and 
brother-in-law had thus turned against him, for Nuala, the sister of O'Donnell, 
was the wife of Niall. O'Donnell returned from the province of Connaught ; 
for he had not passed westwards beyond Ballymote when the news overtook 
him, and his forces as quickly as they were able ; but [no part of] his soldiers 
were able to keep pace with him, except a few of his cavalry, and he arrived 
in the neighbourhood of Liflbrd aforesaid. The Enghsh had not been able to 
make preys or depredations before O'Donnell returned back, but were [em- 
ployed] strengthening their fortress, and erecting ramparts ; and when they 
heard that O'Donnell had arrived, they were afraid" to come out of their fort 
for anything they wanted. 

O'Donnell remained at a place not far from the English, until some of his 

a part of the lough. permit them to leave the fort in which they 

» They were afraid, literally, " fear did not were for any thing they were in need of." 

13 B 2 



2212 »NNa6a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [I600. 

uacaD Dia rhilfomb cpoijreach paip. ha pooala hUa nDorhnaill barap na 
501U jan puabaipc, -\ m ]\o aipip ppip an ploj nf ba pia co pop caipbfin an 
cuacaD po bai 00 na gallaib pop caeb cpuacmn lighfn alia nofp ppipp an 
abainn acuaiD. Or ciacc na goill eipibe Do piacrarrap a Docom, -] mall 
japb 6 Dorhnaill co na bpdicpib pfmpa a ccoipijeacc na cpooa. Do Bfpac 
paijin nujpa pop apoile gan nac noanacup Deabca an la pin cecup, ace a 
bfic 1 nuppaicill pop a cele, uaip nf po paoilpioc na 501II 6 Domnaill 00 bfic 
1 ccfipce ploij arhail po baf -\ bdccap imecclaij im ceilcc do cabaipc impa, 
CO nap bo hdil ooiB ool 1 nimcfine on mbaile ap a aoiDi. 6d pon ccuma cceDna 
do muinncip Ui oorhnaiU ba hecconnoa Doibpein Dol 1 mfpcc a namac 1 
niompoiccpi an puipc lap an uachaD ploij po bdccap. T?o fiDipDeilijpioc ppi 
apo]le ce nib po copa,"] caoncompaic po pccappac. Ro jonaD apaill ua&aib 
Do piu, -] anall Id Diubpaiccib plfj, 1 paijfcc, -| ubaillrhell luaiDe. Qcc 
namd ba mo po cpeccnaijic Do muinncip Ui Dorhnaill ap a nuaici ipin lom- 
aipfcc. Ciajaicc na 501II Dia ccijib lapccain, ~\ Do caecc Ua Domnaill co 
na muincip Dia pccopaib,"] ba 50 ppuapnaD, "] 50 ppfps luinne Iuid Ua Domh- 
naill ainnpiDe ap ba mela laip gan a ploj Do cocc cuicce an Id pin, uaip ba 
Dfirhin laip Dia mbCiccip occa an lonbaiD pin na Dijpicip 501II uaba peiB Do 
Deachacap. Ro Dlucaijfpcaip Ua Dorhnaill ap a baicle a niompuiDe popp 
na gallaib lap mbpfic Dia Ttiilfoaib paip co Ificc, -| gabaip longpopc po Df 
mile cfimenn Don Ificbfp acpubpamap pop pcdc a ofpa cpebca 50 po eplarh- 
aijcfp na hapbanna bacap 1 niompoiccpi Do na jalloib. Mo laaDporh aep 
bpaic, -| caipccelca popp an mbaile gac noiDce ap na po Ificcfo nfch anonn 
nach alle muna poipcip Dapp an abainn bubeapp 1 Dna nf po paccaib conaip 
na eapppup eluDa po mile cfimCnn Don baile ap na po Id popaipfDlia,-] eDap- 
naiDe poppa Do coirhfcc,"] Do ppiochaipe popp na gallaib na cfopcaip caippib 
gan pdcuccaD, 1 pop clomn cuinn Ui borfinaill painpioli, -[ pop a rhuincip, ap 

" Cruachan-Lighean, now Croaghan, a remark- leigh See also the Life of St. Cairneacli in 

able hill giving name to a townland in the parish Colgan's Acta Sanctorum at 28th March, p. 782, 

of Clonleigh, barony of Kaphoe, and county of where Cruachan-Ligean is described as situated 

Donegal. The summit of this hill is about two " ad occidentalem ripam freti siue sinus vulgo 

miles north and by west of the bridge of Lif- Loch-feblmil nuncupati, iuxta Lefferiam oppi- 

ford. dum." — See the references to Druim Lighean, 

According to the Ulster Inquisitions this which was an alias name of this place, under 

townland belonged to the monastery of Clon- the years 1522, 1524, and 1583. 



1600] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2213 

foot-soldiers had come up with him. O'Donnell thought it too long the Eng- 
lish remained without being attacked, and he did not wait for the coming up 
of [the main body of] his army, but exhibited before the English the small 
number he had, on the south side of Cruachan-Lighean°, to the north of the 
river. When the English perceived him they marched out to meet him, with 
Niall Garv O'Donnell and his brothers in the van, as leaders of the battle. 
They skirmished with each other, but there was no obstinate conflict on that 
first day, though they continued in readiness for each other; for the Enghsh 
thought that O'Donnell was in want of forces", as he [really] was ; and fearing 
that an ambush might be laid for them, so that they did not wish to go far 
from the town for that reason. It was the same case with O'Donnell's people. 
It would be unwise in them to come in collision with the enemy so near their 
fort, with the small force of which they consisted. They [at length] separated 
from each other, though not in peace or friendship. Some were wounded on 
both sides by the discharging of javelins, arrows, and leaden balls; but more 
of O'Donnell's people were wounded in this skirmish on account of the few- 
ness of their number. 

The English then proceeded to their houses, and O'Donnell and his people 
went to their tents ; and it was with anger and indignation that O'Donnell 
returned thither ; for it grieved him that his army had not come up with him 
on that day; for he was certain that, if he had had them with him at that time, 
the English would not have escaped from him as they had. O'Donnell after- 
wards, when his army had come up with him, laid a close siege to the English, 
and pitched his camp within two thousand paces of Lifford above-mentioned, 
in order to protect his husbandmen, so that they might save the corn crops in 
the neighbourhood of the English. He sent out spies and scouts every night to 
reconnoitre the town, and not to permit any one to pass in or out, unless they 
should pass southwards across the river ; and he left no road or passage within 
one thousand paces of the town upon which he did not post guards and ambus- 
cades, to watch and spy the English, and hinder them from passing out unnoticed, 
but especially the sous of Con O'Donnell and their people, for these he consi- 

■■/« want of forces, literally, "in dearth or should be expressed thus: "But O'Donnell's 
scarcity of forces." suffered more in this skirmish than the enemy, 

1 More of. — This idea is not very correct. It on account of the fewness of their number." 



2214 aNNQta Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1600. 

ap poppa ha Duilje laippiurh acoirhfcc,-) ap laD pooeapa Doporti iliomac na 
nfoaprimje, -] m aepa ppiocaipe. 

baoi •piurii ppi.pe cpiochac laice an Du pin co ccaipnic la luchc na cpiche 
a napbanna oullrhujaD 50 po cuippioc e a mincliabaibh -\ a mfnbolccaib Dia 
ccappu6,i irhpfDain pop eachaib, "] caipbb Dia bpfir nionaDaib Dainjnib bail 
no pipcai'p a narhairr cucca. 

In apaile aimpip oUa Dorhnaill pia piu po pdccaib an longpopr hipm co 
noeachaib pop aimnup na ngall Dup an ccaoitipaD a ccealjab ap na mupaib 
amach popp am maijpfib. O Do Deacacap muincip uf Dorhnaill pop lonchaib 
an baile, po bacap na 501II acca ppaipccpi,-] nf po paijpfrc poppa uaip 
ac genpac gup bo do chuinjiD ujpa, -\ Deabca Do Dfchacrap. lompaiDicc 
mumcip Ui Dorhnaill rap a naip DopiDipe 6 na puaippioc an ni pop a ccapo- 
pac lappaiD. Do jniacc aipipfrh pop up na habann alia cuaiD DianiD ainm 
an Daol Ct> 50ipirc on mbaile. Uiajaic Dponga mopa Dfob Dia pccopaib, -| 
ppi apoile ropccab, ap nf po paoilpfcc na 501II Dia Ifnrhain an la hipin. Oc 
conaipc Niall japb 6 Dorhnaill, mumcip uf Domnaill co hfppaofce anpuipice 
arbepc ppipp na jallaib gup Bo coip Doib ammup Do cabaipc poppa, ^abairc 
na goill occd nfiDfb pop a epailpiuih co caoi caoirfnach in ficipnifDon a mup 
ap na bab pobfpc Dia nairiiDib comraip apmra eiDijce. O pobcap eplarha 
laparii Dup piccfcc Dapp na mupaib peaccaip 1 nupD caca. Lapobam Do 
Ificcfc pop amup muincipe Uf Dorhnaill pon peim pin -\ an ci Niall 1 pemcup 
co na bpairpib, "] co na muincip 1 nnaille ppipp. 

Qc chf o Dorhnaill chucca lacc, -| ba po laip a ppaiccpin Dia paijiD, "| po 
puiDijfpcaip a rhilfba ina nionabaib epbalca po a nfpcomaip co na niobna 
ctij 1 nip pelcc a nDiubpaccab co mbacap popp an mbpuac allcapach Don 
abainn. Ima compainicc Doib lapccnin co mbdcap mfpcc ap rhfpcc,-| pfpcap 
Tjleo ainmfn eccparcach fcoppa Di'blinib. Scuchaic a mappcloij Do cum 
apoile CO mbacap ace cuinnpearhab a cele Do rhanaofpib moipleabpa, •] do 
cpaoipeachaib cfnnjlappa. Do pace Niall 6 Dorhnaill cuinnpearh Don rplfij 
pfimnij piochpoDa po loccap a plinnein pop Dfpbpacaip uf Dorhnaill pop 
TTlajnup 50 po clannapcaip an ccpaoipig inn 50 po cpfjoapcaip a inmfoon- 
cha cpiap an eiDeab do pala uime. Oc connaipc RuDpaije 6 Dorhnaill 

' Beyond the reach, literally, " where their ' Dad, now Deel, or, as it is called by the de- 

enemies would not reach them." scendants of the Scotch settlers, Dale-burn, a 



1600] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2215 

dered were difficult to be watched, and it was on account of them that his 
sentinels and ambuscades were so numerous. 

He remained here for the period of thirty days, during which time the 
people of the country were enabled to save their corn and carry it away in 
small baskets and sacks, on steeds and horses, into the fastnesses of the country 
beyond the reach' of their enemies. 

On one occasion O'Donnell, before he left this camp, went towards the 
English, to see if he could induce them to come outside the fortifications on 
the level plain. When O'Donnell's people had arrived opposite the town, the 
English began to reconnoitre them ; but they did not sally out against them, 
for they perceived it was to offer defiance and challenge for battle they had 
come. O'Donnell's people then returned back when they did not obtain what 
they wanted, and they halted for some time on the brink of a river called 
Dael', a short distance to the north of the town. Large parties of them went 
to their tents, and about other business, for they did not think that the English 
would follow them on that day. When Niall Garv O'Donnell perceived 
O'Donnell's people scattered and unprepared for action, he told the English 
that they ought now to attack them. The English at his bidding armed them- 
selves quietly and silently in the centre of their fortifications, in order that 
their enemies could not see them until they were armed and accoutred. When 
they were ready they sallied out from their fortifications in battle array, and 
then, with Niall and his brothers and people in the van, advanced against 
O'Donnell's people. 

O'Donnell saw them advancing, and rejoiced at seeing them coming ; and 
he placed his soldiers in their proper stations fronting them, with their war- 
like weapons ; and he did not permit to shoot at them until they had arrived 
at the opposite bank of the river. They afterwards met together hand to hand, 
and a sharp and furious battle was fought between both parties. The two 
hosts of cavalry rushed to the charge, and began to fight with large spears and 
greenheaded lances. Niall O'Donnell gave Manus, brother of O'Donnell, a 
thrust of a sharp, long lance under the shoulder-blade, and, piercing the armour 
with which he was clad, he buried it in his body, and wounded his internal 

river which flows through the barony of Eaphoe, tance to the north of the town of Lifford See 

and discharges itself into the Foyle a short dis- note *, under the year 1557, p. 1557, supra. 



2216 aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReuNN. [I600. 

(piojoarhna ceneoil cconaill) a bPpbiiarai)! do juin do bfjic aniTnup calma 
popy' an ci mall, 50 ccapo popjom amna]" aichfp Do jae mop po fpcomaip 
a ochra paip. Cuapccaib Niall roppac an eic aipDepmaigh allmapDa Do 
pala poa fcoppa, 50 po bfnapcaip an popjam hi ccul a eDain Don eoch 50 
painicc an inchinn. Ro blabapcaip cpo lonnpnrta na cpaoipije icca ppfngaD 
cappams pop a liaip Don rf Ru6pai je co bpapcaib a hiapn ipin eoch co nd 
baoi laippiom ace maD an Dfcealcaip ina bupn. Uo chacamaip an reach 
Deipibe po bfoib. TTlo nuap arh nac Daein Ific po pfppac an laochpaib pin 
ceneoil cconaill a mbapainn ppi a mbiobbabaib -] ndch hi ccopa bacap uaip 
ni po cuiTipccaijce an ccfin bdccap parhlaib, -] ni po hionnapbca, -| ni po 
roipnin ap a ppoipb noilip amail do ponra ci6 lapccain. 

Oala na ngall inD aipfcc bdcap an mapcploj occ lompubab apoile Do 
paopacc a naijche 1 naoi'npeacr pop rpaighceachaib ui Dorhnaill 50 po 
poaicc pfmpa biiicc, ace namd nf po gonra uabaib, accmanh uaire, uaip ni 
po Ifnpac na 501II capp an ccaclacaip peacraip,-] ba yCb po Dfpa Doib gan a 
Ifnmain, uaip po gonab a ccaofpeac ipin cachap -| pob ficcfn Doib lompob 
ICip 50 Ifirbfp 50 ppiiaip bdp lapccain. Ro Ifnpac opong mop Do muinncip 
Uf Dorhnaill lao Co cian, 1 jabaicc aja nDiubpaccaD, -\ acca ccloibmfb 50 po 
mapbab, 1 50 po jonab pocaibe Diob. Ro bab D015 la haop na cojpama 50 
ppaompibe poppa Dia Ifnab an plo5 laD ni ba pia. Qcc namd ni po Ificc an 
aicmeile Don lucr popp po ppaoineab ceDamup a Ifnmain Dopibipi. 

lompaibip O Doitinaill Do na pccopaib lap nimcecc Do na jallaib. ba 
cpiamain coippeac po bdp ipin lonjpopc ino aohaij pin po Daijh mfic a 
pplaca, 1 a pfojbamna (Dia mapab Deip a bpaifpeac) Do bCich ppi hiomgno 

' The steed. — The Four Masters should have cam semper retinuit Hsereticorum ceremonias 

omitted this short sentence, which so much in- auersatus, sicut & Artus [Onellus] qui cito e 

cumbers their narrative. P. O'SuUevan Beare, vita discessit. Circum Leffiriam vero, & Lucum 

who had wooed the historic Muse with more a regijs & Catholicis acriter & ssepe dimicatum 

success than any of the Four Masters, describes est. Memorabilis est equestris pugna, qua re- 

this battle much more elegantly, as follows, in his gijs fugatis Magnus Odonelli frater Asperum 

Hist. Cathol. Iber. Compend., tom. 3, lib. 6, c. v. : loco cedentem hasta transfossurus fuisset, nisi 

" Erat Asper vir animo magno, & audaci, & eius ictum remoueret Eugenius Ogallachur cog- 

rei militaris scientia prseditus, atque multos a nomento lunior ipsius Magni Comes pietate & 

sua parte Tirconellos habebat, quorum opera, & amore in Onellam suorum dominorum familiam 

virtute fretus in piano cum Catholicis manum motus. In quam familiam dispari animo fuit 

conserere non recusabat : Fidem tamen Catholi- Cornelius Ogallachur, qui Aspero persuasisse 



1600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2217 

parts. When Rury O'Donnell, Roydamna of Ejnel-Connell, perceived his 
brother woundedj he made a brave attack upon Niall, and aimed a forcible and 
furious thrust of a large javelin at Niall's breast ; but Niall raised up the front 
of the high-rearing foreign steed which he rode, so that the spear struck the 
steed i