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Full text of "Annals of Sandy Spring ... history of a rural community in Maryland"

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Annals of Sandy Spring 



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TWELVE YEARS HISTORY 



OF 



A Rural Community in Maryland 



VOLUflE II 






BALTIMORE: 

THOMAS & EVANS 
1902. 









Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1902, by 

ELIZA N. MOORE, 
in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, Washington, D. C 



Dedicated to the memory of my former teacher, 
friend and predecessor, William Henry Farquhar, 
who at the end of twenty years service as neighbor- 
hood historian requested that I should continue this 
record. 

FXIZA N. MOORE. 

Norwood, 1902. 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/annalsofsandyspr02farq 



PREFACE 



The friend, without whose persistent effort these 
notes had remained stowed away, with other molder- 
ing relics of bygone days, believes a preface abso- 
lutely necessary to the second volume of Sandy Spring 
Annals. An old saying declares, "She who excuses 
herself, accuses herself," but the present time and page 
are the historian's sole opportunity to crave a gentle 
judgment of what was compiled for the annual meet- 
ings of our Lyceum Company ; gatherings composed 
almost exclusively of her friends and neighbors. That 
the every-day happenings of our people and place can 
be of interest or value to strangers is unlikely. 

As a faithful, if halting, record of the joys and 
sorrows of many near and dear to the compiler, she 
trusts they and their children may be, "to- its faults a 
little blind, and to its virtues very kind," since she 
has not knowingly "aught extenuated nor aught set 
down in malice." 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER I. 

From Fourth Month, 1883, to Fourth Month, 1884. 

Excursion to Luray — Plainfield House destroyed by fire — 
Postal Telegraph line completed — Friends' Sherwood 
Schoolhouse built — ■Obituaries of Mary Ann Kinnard, 
Samuel Scott, Fennel Palmer, Edward Stabler, Eliza 
Kirk, Caleb Stabler, Eliza Stabler, Fanny S. Lea and 
Alban Gilpin. Page 1 

CHAPTER II. 

From Fourth Month, 1S84, to Fourth Month, 1885. 

Earthquake felt generally through Sandy Spring — Golden 
Weddings of Robert R. and Hadassah J. Moore, and 
William Henry and Margaret B. Farquhar — Lectures 
by the Hon. Alonza Bell, Francis Thomas and Miss 
Phoebe Cozzens — Ednor postoffice established — Obitu- 
aries of Henry Brooke, Dr. Artemus Biggs, Benjamin 
D. Palmer, jr., Anne T. Kirk, Anna Miller, Agnes H. 
Bentley and Samuel A. Janney — Beminiscences of Wil- 
liam John Thomas and Mahlon Chandlee. Page 30 

CHAPTER III. 

From Fourth Month, 1885, to Fourth Month, 1886. 

Mr. and Mrs. Warwick P. Miller and four children go to 
Europe — Louis E. McComas lectured — Locust year — 
Sunderland P. Gardener visited Sandy Spring — Disap- 
pearance of Philip Haviland — Local option petition 
signed by 3,850 names, presented to the Legislature 
by Delegate Philip D. Laird — A National College to 
educate farmers — Obituaries of Mrs. B. D. Waters and 
Anna L. Moore. Page 54 



xiv CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER IV. 

From April, 1886 to April, 1887. 

Rebecca Russell's hundredth birthday — Hall built by 
Brighton Grange — Poor crops — Large convention of 
farmers at Lyceum — Library built — Obituaries of 
Sarah B. Stabler, Patience H. Leggett, James S. Hal- 
lowell, Mary B. Hall, William Henry Farquhar, 'Wil- 
liam L. Kinnard and Benjamin H. Murry. Page 76 

CHAPTER V. 

From Fourth Month, 1887, to Fourth Month, 1888. 

Baseball and Excursions — Long, cold winter — Terrible 
blizzard, roads blocked — Moncure D. Conway and Mrs. 
Zeralda Wallace lectured — Five railroads projected — 
Obituaries of Mary Wetherald, Francis Miller and 
Elizabeth Fowler. " Page 100 

CHAPTER VI. 

From Fourth Month, 1888, to Fourth Month, 1889. 

Barn and outbuildings burned at Belmont — George Ken- 
nan, Moncure D. Conway and the Bev. J. S. Kieffer 
lectured — Many transfers of property — Obituaries of 
Henry Pierce, Sallie Lea, Mary L. Roberts. Mrs. Wash- 
ington B. Chichester, Mary Lea Stabler. Elma Paxon, 
John H. Strain, Sarah B. Farquhar, William S. Bond, 
Margaret B. Farquhar, Rebecca Russell and Deborah 
Brooke. Page 122 

CHAPTER VII, 
From Fourth Month, 1SS9, to Fourth Month, 1S90. 

Ashton Postoffice established — Johnstown flood — Dr. 
Francis Thomas and family went to Europe — Post- 
office established at Holland's Corner and named 
Norwood — Very warm winter — Obituaries of Allan 
Bowie Davis, Helen Bentlej Lea, jr., Rebecca Hidings, 
Albert Chandlee, Joseph Paxon, Mary Ellicott Thom- 
as, William Miles, Catherine Bowie. Roger Brooke 
Thomas, Richard T. Bentley, Uriah B. Kirk, Mahlon 
Chandler and W T m. Summers Osborn. Page 155 



CONTENTS. xv 

CHAPTER VIII. 

From Fourth Month, 1890, to Fourth Month, 1891. 

Henry Stanley Newman, of England, lectured on India — 
Visit from Mrs. James A. Garfield to Fair Hill — First 
business meeting' of Friends in joint session, held in 
the meeting-house at Sandy Spring- — John D. Mac- 
Pherson lectured — Obituaries of Kay Miller, John 
Marsh Smith, Henry Stabler, Eliza Palmer Griffith, 
Elizabeth Hopkins, Dorcas Pnmphrey, Eobert Sulli- 
van, Orlando Ilutton and Washington W. Owens. 

Page 189 

CHAPTER IX. 

From Fourth Month, 1891, to Fourth Month, 1892. 

Visit from Susan B. Anthonj^ — Gold diggers appeared at 
P>rooke Meadow — Percy M. Reese lectured on Rome, 
and George Kennan on Vagabond Life in Eastern 
Europe — Ellen Farquhar and Rebecca T. Miller went 
to Europe — Obituaries of Deborah A. Lea, Edward 
Lea, Caroline Roberts, Thomas L. Moore, Kate C. 
Elbrey, Warwick M. Brooke, Mary Annis Stabler, Mary 
G. Tyson, Annie E. Hartshorne, Rachel E. Gilpin and 
Elizabeth J. Holland. Page 216 

CHAPTER X. 

From Fourth Month, 1892, to Fourth Month, 1893. 

Prof. E. J. Loomis and President Gilman, of the Johns 
Hopkins University, lectured — Bicycles appeared — 
Golden Wedding of Charles G. and Jane T. Porter — 
Large excursion to Sugar Loaf Mountain— Philip Stab- 
lers barn burned — Obituaries of Mary M. Miller, 
Sarah Ann Gilpin, Cornelia Strain, B. Gilpin Stabler, 
Samuel Hopkins, Richard T. Kirk and Mary H. 
Chandlee. Page 249 



xvi CONTEXTS. 

CHAPTER XL 

From Fourth Month, 1S93, to Fourth Month, 1894. 

One hundred and forty persons from Sandy Spring visit 
the World's Fair, at Chicago — S. Stanley Brown and 
the Rev. J. T. Kieffer lectured — Extracts from min- 
utes of the Senior Club of 1844 — Obituaries of Sallie 
Pleasants Brooke, Marcella Sullivan, Mary H. Brooke, 
Louise Tennant Miller, Elisha John Hall, Louise P. 
Nesbitt, Edith D. Bentley, Guion Miller, jr., and Mar- 
garet Miller. Page 284 

CHAPTER XII. 

From Fourth Month, 1S94, to Fourth Month, 1895. 

Telephone Company organized — Invasion of Coxey's army 
— Damage and suffering from snow-storm — Mrs. 
George Kennan lectured on her Russian experiences 
— Doctors' Club formed — Obituaries of Joseph Weth- 
erald. Elizabeth Gilpin. Stephen L. F. Holland, William 
M. Thompson and Gideon Gilpin. Page 316 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 



CHAPTER I. 

From Fourth Month, 1S83, to Fourth Month, 1884. 

Excursion to Luray — Pladnfield House destroyed by fire — 
Postal Telegraph line completed — Friends' Sherwood 
School-house built — Obituaries of Mary Ann Kinnard, 
Samuel Scott, Pennel Palmer, Edward Stabler, Eliza 
Kirk, Caleb Stabler, Eliza Stabler, Fanny S. Lea and 
Albam Gilpin. 

I find myself in a position without a precedent ; 
women have been poets and authoresses, they have 
occupied wisely and well, the pulpit, the stage, the 
rostrum, even the stump, but in all the world they have 
never been Historians, they have invariably left that 
task to the sterner sex. 

Coming as I do, after one who has so long and so 
acceptably filled this office, I can only ask your for- 
bearance and implore your clemency, for all short- 
comings and mistakes. 

The first weeks of Fourth month, 1883, were cold, 
stormy and uneventful, the almanac proclaimed the 
springtime, but not one green leaf or balmy southern 
wind confirmed the date. 

On the Sixteenth of Fourth month, Mary Ann, 



2 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

wife of William Kinnard, died after a brief illness, at 
the advanced age of eighty-one years. 

Of a singularly unselfish, and self sacrificing dispo- 
sition, her ministrations to her family, ceased only 
with her life, and when quite speechless and on the 
verge of dissolution, her last thought and care was 
for those around her. She was buried on the after- 
noon of the 17th, first of the many who were laid in 
the old graveyard during the year. 

Fourth month, 24th. A large delegation went to 
the Temperance Alliance in Baltimore, showing by 
their presence and interest a support of a cause, 
which is assuredly the foundation of all social and 
political reform. Temperance meetings have been 
held here through the year with good effect, and the 
"Mutual Fire Insurance Company" has refused to in- 
sure any building where liquors are sold. Thus Sandy 
Spring presses forward in condemnation of the great 
evil of the day. 

On fifth month, 6th, at the residence of his daugh- 
ter Caroline, died Samuel Scott in his ninetieth year, 
retaining to extreme old age, his habits of industry. 
He was buried on the afternoon of the 7th. 

On the Eighteenth of 5th month, a new barn was 
raised at Mt. Airy. The neighbors generally were in 
attendance, and some of the largest and finest timbers 
ever used in this section were successfully placed in 
position. 

Fifth month, 31st. Anna Parker, daughter of 
Henry T. and Helen Bentley Lea, was born. 

As if to compensate for a tardy spring, all the lavish- 
ness of summer came on in early June, the trees were 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 3 

laden with unusual bloom, the grass crowded up as 
though there wasn't room for every blade to grow at 
once, still, with all this silent activity, Dame Nature 
did not quite make up for oversleeping herself in 
April, the season was ten days late. 

Sixth month, 9th, 10th and nth, our quarterly 
meeting held its sessions, not a very large attendance, 
but a pleasant gathering of friends. Many who were 
not members also added by their presence to our 
social pleasure, at that time. 

Seventh month, was one of extraordinary toil to the 
farmers, owing to an unusual amount of rain, and 
sudden showers, that would scatter the laborers and 
drench the loads coming from the fields. It was only 
with much extra exertion that the large crops were 
secured, labor was scarce, but the persistent throb 
of machinery was substituted as far as possible for 
hands, and thirteen self-binders were working in our 
neighborhood, three of which were newly purchased. 

Seventh month, 17th. As if some malign influence 
was abroad, four accidents occurred in our midst, the 
most serious happening to Mr. Robert Abert, who 
was thrown from his vehicle at Plainfield and badly 
injured. 

Seventh month, 20th. Pennel Palmer died in Balti- 
more, at the residence of his son, in his eighty-ninth 
year, buried from Sandy Spring Meeting House on 
1st day the 226.. 

Seventh month, 23d. Florence Magill, daughter 
of William C. and Annie Hallowell Riggs, was born. 

Eighth month, 3d. An excursion party of fifty- 
eight persons, visited Luray Caverns in Virginia, 



4 ANNALS OF SANDY SPBING. 

making the trip out in less than one day, and return- 
ing delighted with the beauty and man-el of under- 
ground scenery. 

Eighth month, ioth. Florence Miller, daughter of 
John C. and Cornelia Hallowell Bentley, was born. I 
can frame no better wish for this little maid at Clov- 
erly, than, that she should closely resemble in char- 
acter the lovely girl for whom she is named and who 
is now numbered with the angels. 

On the afternoon of Eighth month, 23d, a terrific 
storm occurred, which will be long remembered for 
its violence, people, houses, barns, trees, cattle and 
horses were injured by the electric fluid and the 
lightning struck in twelve different places in this im- 
mediate vicinity. Charles Porter's house and barn 
were fired by a descending bolt, rain fell in torrents, 
and extinguished the fire on the house, but the barn 
was entirely destroyed, and so quickly did the build- 
ing burst into flames, that his valuable horses were 
severely injured before they could be rescued. 

On Ninth month, 7th, Edward Stabler died in his 
eighty-ninth year. He was born Ninth month, 26th, 
1794, and resided nearly all his long and active life at 
Karewood. where he died at a ripe old age. He was an 
agriculturist, who not only thought, but wrote and 
read on the subject, and by economy and industry, 
he converted a worn-out tract of land into a rich pro- 
ductive farm. In contrast to the primitive modes 
and customs of his early years, he beheld the great 
progress made on all sides and was quick to seize and 
apply all those mechanical inventions to farming op- 
erations, and to benefit his land by the application of 



AXXALS OF SAXDY SPKING. 5 

fertilizers, which have revolutionized the tilling of the 
soil in Sanely Spring and increased its productiveness 
tenfold. He was a natural mechanic and expert en- 
graver, and his seals and presses, for state and city 
governments, corporations, and courts of law, were 
widely circulated throughout the country. He furnished 
the various departments of the National Government 
with seals, and made presses and seals for the Con- 
sular Agents of the United States all over the world. 
In the year 1830, he was appointed, under Andrew 
Jackson's administration, postmaster at Sandy Spring, 
an office he retained till his death. 

In 1848, he originated, with the aid of a few of his 
neighbors, "The Mutual Fire Insurance Company, of 
Montgomery County," which has grown to be a large 
and flourishing institution and of which he was, at 
the time of his death, its energetic head and president. 

His intelligence and agreeable conversation made 
him a pleasant companion, and he was widely known 
outside his native place. Retaining to extreme age, 
much of the: fire and vigor of youth, he enjoyed al- 
most to the last the pleasures of the chase and traveled 
near and far on business or recreation. 

His funeral on the afternoon of Ninth month, 8th, 
was largely attended by his neighbors, and many stran- 
gers from other states and the city of Washington. 

My next date, Ninth month, 12th, records the death 
in her eighty-ninth year of our venerable friend "Aunt 
Eliza Kirk," as she was affectionately called by the 
whole neighborhood. 

As I could not possibly improve on the address 
made at her funeral by Caroline H. Miller, whoi al- 



6 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ways speaks so wisely and so well, I will insert here, 
some extracts from it. She said : 

"We meet this morning to pay the last observance 
of respect and duty to a beloved friend. The body 
that we come to bury, is cold and dead, but it will need 
no monument to keep alive among us, the memory 
of the precious spirit, which it once contained, for we 
shall wear upon grateful hearts, until they cease to 
beat, the record of her love and tenderness. How 
many of us can look back beyond the stern and anxi- 
ous years of our latter lives, upon a distant childhood, 
gladdened by her gentle kindness, upon sweet favors 
of word and deed constantly bestowed through the 
rich blessings of her love and sympathy with the 
young. 

"We see her no longer, groping sadly in dark 
places, but, again as of yore, we behold her, bright, 
busy, passing with buoyant step, from duty to duty, 
her life one constant round of cheerful active useful- 
ness. 

We must believe that those dimmed eyes have 
opened upon a morning the glory of whose perfect 
day knows no decline ; upon the light effulgence of the 
Xew Jerusalem, the city not made with hands but 
eternal in the Heavens." 

Henry C. Hallowell kindly furnishes me with notes 
from his journal of Ninth month, 13th. 

We had a very doubtful day, whether to go on with 
our Annual Horticultural Exhibition or not. The 
clouds looked full of rain, but the building having 
been previously prepared, and decorated, we conclud- 
ed to attempt it and had a very successful exhibit. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 7 

Many did not know till near midday that it would be 
held, but while there were fewer people than usual, 
the display was fine, the flowers were beautiful, and 
fruits and vegetables, abundant and excellent. Ad- 
dresses were made by the president, by Col. William 
Kilgour, and several others." 

About the middle of this month, Richard T. Bent- 
ley, was appointed postmaster at Sandy Spring, and 
elected president of the Mutual Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, in both instances succeeding the late Edward 
Stabler. 

The summer which had been cool and pleasant, was 
now on the wane, there had been no scorching heat 
to kill the luxuriant vegetation, and the vivid fresh- 
ness and green of spring continued even after a chang- 
ing leaf here and there, proclaimed the autumn near 
at hand. 

Tenth month, ist. Samuel Bond retired from the 
firm of Gilpin and Bentley, entering into business for 
himself at Norbeck, and Samuel Wetherald fills the 
vacated position. 

Tenth month, 24th, 25th and 26th, Rockville Fair, al- 
ways an interesting occasion for our people, occurred. 

There not being quite as much rain as usual, the at- 
tendance especially on the 26th was large. The ex- 
hibits were more complete than in past years, and fi- 
nancially it was a success. Ffteen persons in our neigh- 
borhood received premiums, ranging from soft soap 
to sheep, and from flowers to the best darned stock- 
ings. 

Up to this time, the last of Tenth month, no severe 
frosts had killed the brilliant foliage, and as if it might 



8 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

be a reflection from this carnival of color, a gorgeous 
crimson spread over the morning and evening sky, 
continuing long after the sun had set. A most pe- 
culiar afterglow, which has interested the scientific 
world, and given rise to innumerable theories, but not 
one satisfactory solution. 

Seldom, if ever, in the history of the neighborhood, 
has any one died more generally respected, beloved, 
and regretted, than Caleb Stabler, whose death oc- 
curred at Alloway on Tenth month, 26th, in his 
eigthy-fifth year. 

In early life, with a real help mate, and a family of 
little children, he purchased an extensive tract of land 
then, and now known as the "Manor." With untiring 
industry and intelligent cultivation, in the course of 
years he saw his labor rewarded, his farm increased in 
value (fifty fold.) and his children, happily and pros- 
perously, settled around him. His public spirit and 
wise counsel went far towards making our neighbor- 
hood what it is and he held most worthily many pub- 
lic offices of honor and trust. Full of pleasant con- 
verse and anecdote, with the frank and courteous man- 
ner of a true gentleman, his society was eagerly 
sought and enjoyed by old and young. His declining 
years were made serene and peaceful, by the tender 
ministrations of a beloved, only daughter, and the 
care and watchfulness of children and grandchildren, 
whose delight it was to honor and cherish him. On 
the afternoon of Tenth month, 28th, he was borne to 
his resting place, in the family ground at Alloway. A 
very large concourse, composed of every class, stood 
round his open grave, and in the solemn silence of 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 9 

the assembly, words were not needed to express the 
grief that every one sincerely felt in paying a last tri- 
bute to this most admirable man. 

My next entry, Twelfth month, 5th, records the 
marriage, at Lakeside, near Baltimore, by Friend's 
ceremony, of J. Janney Shoemaker and Helen M., 
daughter of Henry Reese. The bride and groom came 
directly to their charming home, which had been pre- 
pared for them near Sandy Spring. 

Twelfth month, 13th. Mary Chandlee, daughter 
of Edward N. and Hallie Chandlee Bentley, was born. 

Twelfth month, 18th. Eliza Stabler, another of our 
valued old friends, entered into rest ; in her eighty-first 
year. Her long and tranquil life had been passed in this 
neighborhood ; her tastes were literary, and books, 
many and varied, had been her constant companions. 
Purely domestic and devoted to her family, she sel- 
dom went abroad, but welcomed her friends to her 
own fireside, with unfailing kindness. 

As she lay in her coffin, on the afternoon of the 
20th, prepared for burial, a sweet and peaceful ex- 
pression was on her face. A soft mantle of snow 
covered her grave, fitting emblem of the innocence of 
her life. 

When the old lay down their burdens, and pass 
from works to reward, it brings no shock, since it is 
the inevitable course of nature, but when a compara- 
tively young woman, the mother of a growing family, 
is cut off in the prime, we feel that death is relentless. 

Fanny, wife of Thomas J. Lea, had been for some 
years an invalid, but it was an unexpected sorrow to 



10 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

her friends, when her death was announced on 
Twelfth month, 21st. 

Full of charitable deeds for the poor around her, a 
kind neighbor and devoted mother, her home was 
made pleasant by evidences of her constant care and 
refined taste. Fully aware that the end was approach- 
ing, she made even- preparation for the sad parting 
with her family, and evinced a resignation, and cour- 
age most touching. Her sufferings were only exceed- 
ed by her patience, and to the close, she sought to 
comfort those who watched around her. Her remains 
were brought from Baltimore, where she died, and 
buried on 1st day afternoon. 

As the night was settling down, and in the midst of 
a fierce storm of sleet and snow, Twelfth month, 23rd, 
the house at Plainfield, was entirely destroyed by fire. 
Owing to the inclemency of the weather, but few 
knew of the disaster in time to render assistance. In 
less than three hours, the pleasant home was a mass 
of blackened ruins, and the inmates were sheltered 
at Norwood. 

The next morning many neighbors assembled and 
with sleighs and teams, transported the ice-covered 
and scattered effects of the Plainfield families, to the 
unoccupied house of Jos. T. Moore, Jr., at Pen-y-Bryn, 
where Willliam Moore and family have resided since. 

Robert R. Moore and family remained at Norwood, 
a home especially adorned and blessed this winter by 
the presence of two grandmothers, under the same 
roof. 

The new house at Plainfield, is rising from its ashes 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 11 

and before many months, we hope to see our friends 
re-united beneath their own roof tree. 

However much more modernized and comfortable 
this habitation will be, there is something especially 
sad, in the destruction of an old home, where chil- 
dren have been born, reared, and married, where joy 
and sorrow, have mingled in the varied scenes of life, 
and where every room is hallowed by a thousand as- 
sociations. 

Christmas was very quiet, and there were but few 
family gatherings, perhaps because of inclement 
weather, or that sorrow and disaster had followed 
thick and fast. 

New Year's day, 1884, was much observed, the 
youth and beauty of Sandy Spring was gathered at 
Stanmore, Fair Hill, and Black Meadow, and each 
bevy of young ladies counted the "cavaliers" by the 
dozen through the day. Even fathers and grandfath- 
ers donned their meeting suits, and wended their way 
through the wind and rain, to make their best bows 
along the line. 

First month, 5th and 6th, the mercury fell below 
zero, the nipping cold crept in at every crevice, bread 
refused to rise, water froze at night on the kitchen 
stove, and we felt that now if ever, was "the winter of 
our discontent." 

First month, 14th. There was a heavy fall of snow 
which covered and clung to every thing like swan's- 
down, the sleighing was fine and the effect of riding 
through the woods under this soft white canopy, was 
indescribably beautiful. 

First month, 15th. The Farmer's Convention was 



lit ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 

held at the Lyceum. The attendance was large, and 
the President, Henry C. Hallowell, called the assem- 
bly to order, and in a very happy speech, reviewed 
the conventions of the past twelve years, and gave 
some of the good results which had followed their de- 
liberations, and dwelt upon the fact, that as agri- 
cultural prosperity advanced, it tended to elevate the 
social, moral, and religious conditions of the com- 
munity. 

Interesting reports were read from the several 
clubs, and many questions of utility, relating to fertil- 
izers, sheep raising, ensilage, keeping wood-land for 
fuel, etc., were discussed with profit. 

The ladies furnished a bountiful lunch, which must 
have gone to the right spot, as they were invited into 
the Lyceum afterwards, to listen to a portion of the 
proceedings. 

Among the meagre notes of Second month, I will 
record a religious visit from Abel Hull, of Harford, 
and the painful injury sustained by our useful friend, 
Charles G. Porter, who can comfort himself with the 
reRection that only industrious people are liable to 
have their fingers cut off. 

Many of our inhabitants fled to the cities, the roads 
were bad, storms frequent, and much less farm work 
than usual was done. The neighborhood, however, 
was enlivened by some pleasant parties and enter- 
tainments at the Lyceum and Grange Hall. 

This, and the preceding month of 1884, will long 
be remembered by the children of Sandy Spring, and 
some of larger growth. The measles prevailed from 
Crowtown to Colesville, from the Patuxent to Rock- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 13 

ville, and from Norbeck to Spencerville. Almost 
every family was in a state of eruption, but although 
the disease was of a malignant type, no deaths oc- 
curred which must be chronicled here. It was evident, 
there was no monopoly of measles, the local reputa- 
tion for generosity was sustained, and our young 
people visiting about in the different cities, convinced 
their friends in about ten days, they were entertaining 
not angels, but measles unawares. 

Twenty-ninth of Second month, the first telegram 
was sent over the postal line, which had been in course 
of construction for some months through our section. 

The office at Sandy Spring connects us with all the 
great mercantile centers, and cheap rates will, per- 
haps, induce our friends to telegraph us all the good 
news with the same eagerness they will undoubtedly 
send us the bad. 

The whole neighborhood was greatly shocked and 
distressed on the 2d of Third month, by the sudden 
death of Alban Gilpin, at the age of seventy-four. 

Many of his friends and relatives, who held con- 
verse with him on the last day of his life, will recall 
his pleasant speech, and unusually cheerful manner. 
With only a few minutes suffering, attended by his wife 
and daughter, he passed from life to death. 

A director in the bank, and prominent for many 
years in business, his neighbors, accustomed to see 
him almost daily, will long miss and regret his kind 
and courteous presence. 

He had the rare endowment of an equable temper- 
ament, and never gave way to discouragement. In all 
the vicissitudes of life, his faith and hope of a better 



14 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

time coming, and a way out of difficulties had been a 
staff and support to his friends. His word was his 
bond, and no one was more truthful and exact in his 
statements. He never soiled his speech with slandei 
or spoke ill of the absent. 

All who stood by his coffin, will remember the ex- 
treme nobleness of his face and figure, and perhaps 
in many minds arose the thought, this> was an innate 
gentleman. 

On Third month, 4th, a number of our citizens at- 
tended the Woman Suffrage Convention, held in 
Washington, and an address delivered by our friend, 
Caroline H. Miller, was enthusiastically received by 
the audience, and favorably by the press. 

Third month, 6th, our faithful old colored sexton 
and grave digger, Horace Sedgwick, died. 

Third month, 8th. A son was born to Benjamin D. 
and Mollie Mackall Palmer, who received the name 
of its father. 

Our friends going to Baltimore Quarterly Meeting, 
about this time. Third month. 7th and 8th, found the 
roads almost impassable, rains continued day after day 
to the great discomfort of the farmers who were im- 
patient to have their plows going, and spring work 
advanced. 

The death of William John Thomas, Third month, 
2 1 st, aged seventy years, was more than a loss, it was 
a calamity. 

A man of sterling worth, of unblemished character 
and reputation, he seemed naturally, the head of the 
community; old and young revered and loved him. 

His industry was proverbial, by his lifelong labor 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 15 

and good management, he wrested from the land a 
competency, and was regarded as the type of a model 
farmer. 

President of the bank, and prominent in all good 
works of progress and reform, his efficiency in tem- 
poral affairs, was only equalled by his zeal in all that 
was spiritual and holy. 

An elder, and deeply concerned in everything per- 
taining to the meeting, consistent in religious dut- 
ies, he was filled with the cheerful, practical piety, that 
feels charity for the past, and hope for the future. The 
wise counselor of his children he was, still more, their 
intimate, congenial friend. His family relations were 
beautiful and worthy of all emulation. 

From the old house at Clifton, he could look upon 
the homes of all his married sons and daughters, 
homes, which his generous bounty had helped to es- 
tablish. His heart was so in sympathy with the 
young, his days so busy — age had touched him so 
lightly, it seemed as if we might have him many more 
years among us. 

We who were honored by his friendship, often 
guided by his advice, always taught by his example, 
must feel that he left no good deed undone, no 
kind word unspoken, no favor was too small, no bene- 
fit too great, for his willing, helpful hands to confer. 

He bore the intense sufferings of his illness with 
the unselfish fortitude of a martyr, and his last utter- 
ance was full of tender sympathy for the loving and 
beloved companion of his life. "Mark the perfect 
man and behold the upright foir the end of that man 
is peace." 



16 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

His funeral was largely attended on first day after- 
noon, at the meeting house, and several friend^ bore 
testimony to his pure life and many virtues. 

Third month, 29th. The first sulkey plow in this 
vicinity, was working at Ingleside, to the entire satis- 
faction of its owner and several neighbors who gath- 
ered to view the stranger. 

An important sale was made in this month by 
William Scofield, who disposed of his herd of ten 
registered Jersey cattle, for two thousand dollars. 
These well-bred cows had not been more expensive 
to raise and keep, than plebeian stock, and yet the 
value was fourfold greater, than would have been the 
inferior breed. 

My last date for the year, April 1st, records an in- 
teresting visit to Roslyn, and an interview with the 
venerable Rebecca Russel, who has passed her ninety- 
eighth birthday. Few persons of half her age are as 
bright and quick of speech and thought as this charm- 
ing old lady, and her memory and reminiscences of 
people and events long past, were truly delightful. 

She spoke much of the many changes and great 
progress in our neighborhood since she first came 
here in 1824. 

In those days she said, the women spun and wove 
their "linsey woolsy" for clothing, and everybody was 
so industrious, even the little girl of six, had to finish 
her "stint" of sewing or knitting, before she was al- 
lowed to run and play. 

When persons went visiting they walked or rode 
horseback, but few vehicles being in this vicinity. 

When she was last at the Capital, General Wash- 



AXXALS OF SAXDY SPKIXG. 17 

ington was there the same day, and there were only 
six houses on Penna. Avenue, and laughing merrily, 
she added, "When I saw Ashton last, it was nothing 
but a big tree." 

I asked her the secret of her vitality and activity. 
"No one," she answered, "can be happy or healthy at 
any age, unless they are constantly employed." And 
she is a living example of her own aphorism. 

Henry Stabler informed me he had canned, in 1883, 
36,000 cans of corn, and raised 100 bushels of selected 
seed for seedsmen, and home planting. 

Very often during the past year have mournful 
processions wound their way along our roads, and 
many times have we stood in grief and sympathy be- 
side the open grave. It would almost seem as if this 
annual meeting should be a lodge of sorrow, so many 
of our honored friends have passed into the silent 
land. The lesson of their lives, their example and 
precept remain ; they are beyond our tears and care ; 
but our best memorial of them should be a greater 
charity, a more loving sympathy with the living. We 
can keep the memory of our cherished dead green 
forever by the timely help, the cheerful word, the 
neighborly kindness to those bereft and left behind. 

SUMMARY OF THE YEAR. 

Twenty years ago, when this Lyceum was dedi- 
cated, our Poet Laureate, Sarah B. Stabler of Sharon, 
wrote for the occasion a beautiful ode. At my solici- 
tation, she again favors us, and when you have heard 
her gracious words and flowing verses, you will feel 
that our honored friend, now in her eighty-third year, 



18 A.WXALS OF SANDY SPEING. 

has lost none of her poetic fancy. "Age cannot wither 
nor custom stale her infinite variety." 

Written for E. X. B., Third month, 26th, 1884. 

"Time moves along on never ceasing" wing, 
And history follows with her ready pen, 
And writes the events, each busy year may bring, 
To all abodes on earth, of riving men. 

"For some these records are but traced in sand, 
F r others graven on the granite rock; 
Some men in light, and some in shadow stand, 
But all belong to the Great Shepherd's flock. 

"'And be our stories like the sand which drifts, 
Or long enduring on the mountain height; 
We do but briefly use our varied gifts, 
And then like fleeting shadows pass from sight. 

"How many, young and old, have passed from earth 
Leaving some lingerers along the way; 
While many in the spring of youth and mirth, 
Count on long \ears of joy and pleasure gay. 

"Some here, have given to earth their children dear, 
Who seemed like angels granted for a while, 
And though, for them, this life may raise the tear. 
Calm resignation asks instead, the smile. 

"The prattling tongue is hushed, the unsteady feet 
Falter no more — a tranquil peace is theirs; 
This world, with joys which oft are passing sweet, 
Might have betrayed them with its thousand snares. 

"Fathers and mothers, brothers, sisters, friends, 
Husbands and wives, in quick succession go, 
And homes are sad, but love divine descends, 
And gently takes away the sting of woe. 



ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 19 

"The virtues of the lost, like healing" dew, 
Soothe the grieved spirits, who have been bereft 
Of those so dearly loved, so good and true! 
But the survivors will not long be left; 

"'For human life is short, end when it will, 
And when the evening comes, may we seek rest, 
Resigned to live or die, so we fulfill 
The measure of the time that Heaven sees best. 

"Though in the 'vacant chairs' we seem to see 
Our dear ones, whom our eyes behold no more, 
Yet, Hope will whisper sweetly, 'There will be 
A home for each upon the Heavenly shore.' " 

— Sarah B. Stabler, Sharon. 

Although the crops were very large in 1883, our 
farmers were not bebarred the satisfaction of their 
annual grumble, for prices were exceedingly low, and 
the more potatoes and hay a man had stored in his 
bins and barns, the more did he need the sympathy 
of friends, for it hardly paid to haul them to market. 

Potatoes fluctuated from 25 cents to 75 cents per 
bushel, and more were sold under than above 50 cents. 

Large quantities of hay was sold at 50 and 60 cents 
per hundred weight. 

As nearly as could be ascertained from club sta- 
tistics, and industrial reports, 45,000 bushels of wheat 
were raised, at an average of 24 bushels to the acre, 
and selling at an average price of $1.18. 11,565 barrels 
of corn were raised, at an average of eight and a half 
barrels to the acre — selling for $2.75, average price. 

My report is not entirely complete, for one un- 
married gentleman, although urgently requested, has 
not responded ; it is presumed that his crops were very 



20 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPEIXG. 

large, and that he remembered with a terrified shiver, 
that it was "Leap Year." 

The 36th annual report of The Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Company shows a large increase of business in 
the past year, and the amount, insured January 1st, 
1884, was $15,274,302.33: 

The 16th annual report of the "Savings Institution 
of Sandy Spring," shows the amount on hand, March 
1st, 1884, was 8198,664.84. It is a pleasant thought 
that while the older members of the community are 
greatly interested in this valuable institution, so many 
little children have their bank-books and deposit 
their earnings with commendable pride. 

Three hundred and six newspapers and magazines 
came to subscribers through our office and we have 
mailed in the past' year thirty-five thousand letters 
and sixty-seven hundred postal cards. 

In the cause of education, we have made an im- 
portant step this year in the completion of "Sherwood 
School House," costing about $2,300. A neat, com- 
modious building, furnished suitably with a fine chemi- 
cal apparatus, maps, etc., and with the great advan- 
tage of having the old Sandy Spring Library trans- 
ferred to one of its rooms. It is only proper to record 
here the names of the men and women, whose faithful 
exertions were crowned with such success, in the in- 
ception and completion of this work. 

William W. Moore, President, 
Benjamin H. Miller, Secretary', 
A. G. Thomas, Treasurer, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 21 

and the following board of directors : John Thomas, 
Asa M. Stabler, Robert M. Stabler, Anna L. Moore, 
Sarah T. Miller, Charles G. Porter. 

For a long time the committee on teachers hunted 
from Massachusetts to North Carolina for a suitable 
master for the new school, and at last discovered in 
our midst the very material it was going hither and 
yon to find. 

J. Llewellen Massey was appointed principal, as- 
sisted by Elma P. Chandlee and Carrie H. Brooke, and 
they have admirably conducted a flourishing school of 
fifty scholars through the year. 

From the earliest records Sandy Spring has had 
good schools, which were not only invaluable to our 
own people, but many children from adjacent cities 
and states have received here, that surest of all foun- 
dations for success in life, a substantial, moral edu- 
cation. 

Rockland has had its full quota this year, and who 
does not enjoy the bright young faces of its inmates, 
as they crowd into "meeting," or the Lyceum, or 
take their walks abroad, bubbling over with merry 
school-girl ways ? 

In connection with this subject, I will add that An- 
nie T. Porter, after long and faithful service as an in- 
structor of youth, having in many instances taught 
the children of her former pupils, resigned her posi- 
tion in the public school which is now filled by Ella 
Steer, of Virginia. 

About the middle of Third month, 1884, "The An- 
nals of Sandy Spring" were published by William H. 
Farquhar. You, who have listened for many years to 



22 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

his annual report from this platform, will read with 
great pleasure this interesting book in which the au- 
thor has so successfully retained all the principal 
events and salient points of his yearly narratives, and 
yet managed to eliminate all that was trivial. He has 
given us a book, not only valuable to every one here, 
but which should be widely read elsewhere, as show- 
ing the changes wrought in a rural community by 
labor, education, and a close communion of neighborly 
interest and kindness. 

Two other books have been published during the 
year, in which Sandy Spring is especially interested. 

The first is the autobiography of the great and good 
Benjamin Hallowell, edited by his children. A volume 
valuable to young and old as teaching a lesson of pa- 
tience and industry, and not only a delightful produc- 
tion to those who knew him, but very attractive to 
strangers. His large intelligence and pure character 
confined him to no particular circle ; his influence, 
like his charity, was far-reaching and covered -all 
things. 

I began by saying there never had been a female 
historian, but I must qualify that by "hardly ever," 
for Annie M. Chandlee has completed for the use of 
schools an excellent compendium of English History, 
said to be on a new and original plan. 

Early in 1883, Dr. Tillum, of Delaware, pur- 
chased a portion of Edward Peirce's farm, and built 
a commodious house, barn and outbuildings, with 
all the modern improvements. 

Xew buildings have also been erected, or old 
ones altered and improved at Oak Hill, Highland, 



AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 23 

Belmont, Cherry Grove, Burnside, The Cottage, In- 
gleside, Ashton, Mt. Airy, Sunset, Patuxent, Sandy 
Spring, Harewood, Plainfield, Norwood, Avalon, 
Brooke Grove ; and even our Lyceum, catching this 
spread of improvement, has pushed out its back 
wall and enlarged its dimensions to suit the increas- 
ing demands of the neighborhood. 

Sherwood Mills has changed owners, and Lea- 
wood Mills has been greatly improved by new machi- 
nery. Several new windmills have been put up and 
water fixtures added to various houses ; if cleanliness 
is next to Godliness, the Sandy Spring people are 
''stepping heavenward'' at a rapid rate. 

This year, as in all the years past, we still go many 
miles to take the trains ; and the possibility of a nar- 
row gauge railroad to Laurel has been so warmly 
discussed, that we will have lightning expresses 
speeding through our farms in the near future, is a 
foregone conclusion ; but while we are waiting for an 
earthly railroad, let us hasten to construct another 
and more lasting one. 

More than fifty years ago the gifted James P. Stab- 
ler, Senior, wrote in a lady's album the following 
directions for building a railroad to Heaven. I will 
preserve his admirable words here. 

"It is altogether possible that men may make a 
railroad to Heaven ; nay, it is even more true than 
that they can make them from one point of the earth 
to another, and why not? The materials in one case 
are more abundant, cheaper, and more durable than 
in the other. The labor and expenses are less, and 
the travel more safe and expeditious in the former 



24 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

than in the latter case. Then let's make one. First, 
let it be located on the ground of the love of God, 
and to our fellow creatures, for there we have the 
right of way given us without condemnation. The 
chief engineer shall be the still small voice, which 
makes no curves, either to the right hand or to the 
left. The road will be straight ; the board of virtues 
will furnish funds to carry on the work from a treas- 
ury as inexhaustible as the fountains of light and 
love. The hills of pride and cruelty will be leveled 
by the Agent's meekness and mercy. The valleys will 
be raised by kindness and brotherly affection. The 
streams will be crossed by bridges built upon the Rock 
of Ages. The rails will be of charity, the cars of devo- 
tion, with springs tempered by the incense of the 
heart, for every good and perfect gift, and the loco- 
motive engine of supreme and everlasting love pro- 
pelled by prayer and thanksgiving to the fountain 
whence every blessing flows." 

We have to chronicle the loss of various citizens 
this year by removal to other places, and yet we feel 
assured they still regard Sandy Spring as home, and 
look forward, whatever their present interests, to re- 
turning here. 

Dr. Scott is practising his profession in Washing- 
ton. Harry H. Stabler is farming in Virginia. War- 
wick H. Miller, Jr., is in business in Philadelphia. 
Robert M. Hallowell and George B. Miller, are in St. 
Louis. Harry T. Lea and family, and Richard P. 
Iddings, in Lawrence, Mass. Granville Stabler in 
Missouri. Caleb S. Miller in Minnesota. Edward P. 
Tavlor in Georgia. Dr. Augustus Stabler in Phila- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 25 

delphia. Mr. Lawford has sold his farm to Mrs. 
George Ellicott, and has removed elsewhere, and Dr. 
Tillum and family have returned to Delaware. Four 
of our young men, William D. Hartshorn, Henry T. 
Lea, Joshua Peirce and Richard P. Iddings have res- 
ponsible positions in the Arlington Mills, at Lau- 
rence. It is evident that Massachusetts knows where 
to apply for efficient help. 

On the credit side of this losing account, we are 
glad to welcome back to Montgomery our friends 
Walter H. and Carrie L. Brooke, and to congratulate 
them on the purchase of a home. 

It is alsoi very pleasant to record the return of 
Esther T. Moore to Sandy Spring. 

In former chronicles, the historian has grieved over 
the decline of interest manifested in lectures, but it 
is my pleasant task to relate that the two courses of 
lectures and entertainments held at the Lyceum in 
the past year, have been attended and enjoyed by old 
and young, notably a discourse on the great North- 
west by the Hon. Alonzo Bell. 

The young people of the neighborhood have given 
several delightful entertainments, showing the versa- 
tility of their talents by the variety offered in music, 
recitations, original matter, dramatic and spectacular 
scenes. 

The Agricultural Clubs, Olney and Brighton 
Granges, The Horticultural, The Association for Mu- 
tual Improvement, The Home Interest, The Sociable, 
The Benevolent Aid, The Book Club, Lawn Tennis 
Club and the Whist Club, have all held their meetings 
throughout the year, and brought the concentrated 



26 ANNALS OF SANDY SPBING. 

experience and wisdom of many minds to bear on 
many subjects. The membership of Olney Grange 
now numbers one hundred and sixty-seven, and its 
interests and beneficial influences are varied and 
wide-spread. That honored society of mothers and 
grandmothers, "The Mutual Improvement Associa- 
tion," has increased its numbers in the past twelve 
months, and in twenty-seven years of organization 
has never lost one of its members by death. 

In June, July and August, along with the heat and 
flies, harvest and preserving, pickling and canning, the 
city visitor has descended on us. We have given them 
to eat of our abundance, and made them welcome to 
our fruits and flowers, and our shady nooks and 
corners. 

In autumn, when our fields were aflame with the 

lenrod and sumac, and our woods gorgeous 

the feast of color, free to all alike, again our homes 

have been thronged with our sisters, our cousins, 

and our aunts, coming late, to escape the early crowd. 

When grim winter seized her frozen sceptre, and 
storms held high carnival, once more did we welcome 
the city friend, and heat up as well as we could that 
arctic region known as the "spare chamber."' 

In early spring, when roads were bottomless, and 
wild winds blew, and the country as unattractive as it 
ever gets to be ; yet, again, strangers alighted at our 
gates, and we took them in and bade them welcome. 
Other places of resort close up, but. Sandy Spring 
never ! 

There were a great many people here last year, but, 
more will be here next, for it is pleasant to think they 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 27 

have all accepted our invitation to come again, and 
will bring their friends with them. 

Through the past year, our citizens have traveled 
as usual far and wide. They have sought and found 
health and strength, at the seaside, the springs, and 
on the mountain tops. Some of them have gathered 
roses, and eaten strawberries in Georgia and Florida 
in the winter months, others have shivered in snow- 
clouds on Northern heights in summer, and one ener- 
getic young lady has traversed the wonders of the 
"Yellowstone." 

The economy in other things to secure the annual 
trip will always pay the farmer and his family. Travel 
is an education to mind and body, a delight to the ap- 
preciative, a luxury that will enliven the occupant 
of the country home, and break the monotony of rural 
life. 

We have watched with great interest through the 
winter the career of our active and efficient Senator 
fiom Montgomery, Joseph T. Moore. 

Belonging politically to the minority in the Mary- 
land Legislature, by his perseverance and diplomacy 
he compelled the majority to pass six state bills, a 
feat never before accomplished by the representative 
of this county. His seventh bill was only lost by the 
Governor's veto. Had that become a law the very 
poorest farmer among us might have procured a 
marriage license for the insignificant sum of sixty 
cents. Who knows what changes in that event might 
have occurred to the seventy-seven maidens of San- 
dy Spring, between the ages of twenty and ofne hun- 
dred vears? It seemed such a forlorn hope I have 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

not counted the bachelors ; I felt convinced there 
could not be seventy-seven of them. 

CONCLUSION. 

Although in some instances other vocations are 
combined, we are essentially a farming community 
and the land must produce now to its fullest capacity, 
for the farmer needs more money each year to pro- 
cure the conveniences and luxuries about his home — 
once found only in the city. 

Education and science are ahead of sinew. Brains 
and machinery are taking the place of muscle. The 
farmer of today, must know the needs and capabil- 
ities of the different soils, he must read and think, as 
well as act. With intelligence, as well as faith, he 
plants the tiny seed, and has his fulfillment in the 
abundant harvest. 

A great responsibility rests on the farmer. AH 
er people take their supplies second-hand from 
him. his produce feeds the world. The cotton from his 
fields, the fleece from his sheep clothes mankind, and 
it is a well-known fact that nearly all our poets, au- 
thors, and statesmen, were born and raised in rural 
homes. 

At his behest, comes the beauty of waving fields 
cf grain, of orchards rich with bloom. His toil is close 
to nature's heart, to the secrets and perfections of all 
her marvelous works. 

He who owns his land calls no man master ; and as 
he sows his acres broad and deep, I contend that he 
is the true aristocrat. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 29 

In ties of affections, in interest, in correspondence, 
a thousand links connect us with the outside world. 
I will verify my statement by a pleasant incident. A 
short time ago in the City of Agra, in India, two 
travelers met in that beautiful temple called the 'Taj 
Mahal," a structure so perfect in form, so rich in or- 
namentation, it is counted one of the seven wonders 
of the world. Beneath the jeweled arches and lace- 
like carvings of this dome the one traveler, a charm- 
ing woman, who has often visited among us, the 
other Moncure D. Conway, utter strangers to each 
other, fell into conversation and in a few minutes had 
talked round to this little spot of earth, and were 
eagerly recalling delightful hours and dear mutual 
friends here. It seemed strange that these two, the 
one coming from the China seas, with her husband, 
the other from England, should meet in India on the 
common grciund of Sandy Spring. 

We have a far-reaching reputation to sustain, and 
we can only do it by individual care and merit. 

We are all justly proud, perhaps too proud, of our 
neighborhood, but without that pride and the efforts 
of our people to be what they seem to be to the out- 
side world, we could not have attained some excel- 
lence, which is the foundation of that reputation. 

Those who are satisfied with the present history 
will be expected to furnish items for the historian in 
future, and those who are dissatisfied will be equallv 
interested to make it attractive. 



30 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 



CHAPTER II. 

From Fourth Month., 1884, to Fourth Month, 1885. 

Earthquake felt generally through Sandy Spring — Golden 
Weddings of Eobert R. and riadassah J. Moore, and 
William Henry and Margaret B. Farquhar — Lectures 
by the Hon. Alonza Bell, Francis Thomas and Miss 
Phoebe Cozzens — Ednor postoffice established — Obitu- 
aries of Henrj^ l^rooke, Dr. Artemus Riggs, Benjamin 
D. Palmer, Jr., Anne T. Kirk, Anna Miller, Agnes H. 
Bent ley and Samuel A. Janney — Reminiscences of Wil- 
liam John Thomas and Mahlon Chandlee. 

One of our most eminent authors has well said 
that "all things are engaged in writing their history. 
The plant, the pebble, goes attended by its shadow ; 
the rolling rock leaves its scratches on the mountain ; 
the river, its channel in the soil ; the animal, its bones 
in the stratum ; the fern and leaf their modest epitaph 
in the coal ; the falling drop makes its sculpture in the 
sand or stone ; not a footstep in the snow or along the 
ground but prints in characters, more or less lasting, 
a map of its march." 

Every act of the man inscribes itself in the memories 
of his fellows and in his own manners and face. The 
air is rilled with sounds, the sky with tokens, the 
ground is all signatures and every object covered over 
with hints which speak to the intelligence. We have 
made a long stride in outward comforts and con- 
veniences since our greatgrandmothers spun and 
wove, cut and fashioned their own raiment in the davs 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 31 

gone by when six yards of "fip-penny-bit" calico was 
an ample dress pattern, and the protecting sun-bon- 
net was in vogue. Then our greatgrandfathers 
scratched the earth with a wooden plow, and raised 
from five to ten bushels of wheat to the acre — then 
they read their weekly paper by the light of a tallow 
dip. and their hours of retiring and rising were almost 
regulated by the sun. 

In looking over an old memoranda dated 1823, I 
find that many friends paid "a fip-penny-bit" per quar- 
ter for meeting-dues, some "a levy," and a very few 
the munificent sum of fifty cents per quarter. Religion 
was remarkably cheap in those days, and probably of 
quite as good quality as the more costly kind of our 
generation. Among the same old bills and receipts, 
wheat is quoted at ninety cents, and corn fifty cents 
per bushel, and a laborer was paid seventy-five cents 
for digging a grave. 

On the foundation of this primitive living our pros- 
perity is built, our historv of today is linked insepar- 
ably with all yesterday's, and valuable and interesting 
to us must be the recollections and experiences of the 
older members of our community, bringing, as it were, 
the savor of their past to flavor our present. 

Our respected friend, the late William John Thomas, 
wrote at the request of his children, not very long be- 
fore he died, some reminiscences of his early days, 
and in presenting to you extracts from them, few will 
recognize the Sandy Spring of his boyhood as we find 
it now. He says : 

"I will not undertake to give the precise dates to 
many of the details here related, but as they appeared 



32 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

to my comprehension at the time. First, as being 
most central, and as an event for which I have a date, 
is the building of the meeting-house at Sandy Spri 
I recollect riding up there before Uncle Johnnie 
Thomas on an old white mare called ''Bonny;" and 
my efforts to climb over the sleepers before the floors 
were laid, and while the carpenters were putting on the 
roof ; and later Uncle Johnnie sat at the head of the 
Meeting on one side, with Samuel Thomas and Roger 
Brooke on the upper bench, and Basil Brooke, Isaac 
Briggs, Thomas Moore, Bernard Gilpin, Caleb Bent- 
ley, William Thomas, Gerard Brooke, Richard Thomas 
and others on the benches facing the Meeting. De- 
borah Stabler, [Margaret Judge and Hannah Wilson, 
ministers, with the two Mary Brookes and Hannah 
Briggs, occupied the upper benches on the other side 
of the House. Carriages were rather scarce in that 
time, but Roger Brooke had one, but he always 
rode horseback himself. Basil Brooke had one, 
with door opening behind ; Thomas Moore had one ; 
Isaac Briggs had one, with a long body ; William 
Thomas had one, with three seats, holding from six 
to eight passengers; Caleb Bentley and Bernard Gil- 
pin, with their families, mostly walked to Meeting, as 
did many others from Brookeville. The Meeting was 
larger on first days from 1813 to 1820 than it ; s now, 
in my judgment. 

The old meeting-house, a frame building, was 
moved from where the present horse-sheds now stand, 
and was used for that purpose for many years. The 
sills are still doing duty under the present carriag - 
sheds. From 1813 to 1816 we had a large immigration 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPEING. 33 

to our vicinity, though many persons about that time 
kept on to the, then, far West, Ohio. A family by the 
name of Sappold lived then at Harewood. Amos Hor- 
ner, a very large man, lived on the Manor. David 
Newlin in Brookeville ; John and William Thornton, 
at Centreville, just beyond Francis Miller's gate, where 
a tenant house now stands. One of these Brothers 
Thornton occupied for a short time the house where 
Richard T. Bentley lives now. 

Headleys and other families lived over towards 
"Bradford's Rest." Allen West lived on Benjamin 
Palmer's place. About 1824, Wiliam Henry Stabler's 
home was built, and part of the house at Walnut Hill 
was built by Thomas Lea, all the brick being burned 
near the site of Oakwood Church, where more recent- 
ly, the brick was made for the hioluse at Sherwood. 

Arthur Foulke, a little man who wore small clothes, 
and had but one eye, lived where Robert H. Miller 
now owns. 

At what date the Birdsalls came to Sandy Spring 
I do not know, but William lived at Centreville, near 
Stanmore. He then built the stone part of the horse 
at Plainfield, where he resided until he went West, in 
"thirty-six." Andrew lived back of Samuel Thomas's 
house, now gone, William and Andrew built a mill 
there, to which Andrew's hired boy said he had to 
carry water in his cap after he got home from school 
to make the mill run. The mill did not survive its own- 
ers. John Birdsall lived where Rockland now is. 
Whether the log house he occupied was covered by 
the present imposing edifice, or removed, I do not 
know. 



3-1 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

Whitson Camby and family lived at Olney, a fam- 
ily by the name of Dennis at Willow Grove. Joseph 
Brown lived at Clifton. Thomas Moore resided 
where E. J. Hall now does, and was succeeded by 
Thomas L. Reese who kept a store there or at Brooke- 
ville. Later on Thomas McCormick had a store there. 
Basil Brooke lived where William Scofield does now. 
Bernard Gilpin at Mt. Airy, where he carried on the 
hatting business for many years. Evan Harry, an 
eccentric old man, followed the same trade. Hats 
were then made by hand, the workmen standing round 
a large boiler inclosed by platforms or tables so as to 
run the hot water back to the boiler, when the men 
dipped the wool and fur into the water and rubbed 
it on the table with their hands causing it to "felt.'' 

It is strange to look back now to those days when 
there were no railroads, matches, daguerreotypes or 
telegraphs, and before machine felting was devised 
which soon interfered with the hand-made article. 
Almost every family had its hominy mortar, and spin- 
ning wheels, both large and small, for wool and flax. 

My recollection of the commencement of Fair Hill 
School is rather indefinite, though we often had the 
parents of scholars at our house, and also some of the 
pupils. 

I particularly recollect a boy named Proctor, and 
Marv Stretch, who is now the respected wife of Win- 
der W. Owens. Benjamin Hallowell spent his first 
night in Sandy Spring, under father's hospitable roof. 
Though I think he was so disgusted at having to 
walk from the turnpike, (Laurel was then not thought 
of), that he did not remember much about that even- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 35 

ing\ James P. Stabler and Caleb Bentley built the 
store and blacksmith shop at Sandy Spring, in 1818, 
and opened store the following year. Brookeville 
was quite a thriving- village when I first knew it; it 
had been incorporated by Richard Thomas, who was 
evidently a "woman's rights man," as he named it in 
honor of his wife, who was a Brooke. There were 
two mills there, one owned by Richard Thomas for 
grinding grain, and one by David Newlin for grinding 
flaxseed for oil, two tanneries, two blacksmith's shops 
and several stores. Doctors Howard and Palmer at- 
tended the afflicted in the vicinity. I remember a 
little incident, which occurred when I first went to 
school in the old log house at Sandy Spring, and 
which has remained impressed on my mind since 1822. 

Edward Stabler was preparing to build a barn, he 
had an Irishman, who drove his teams, by the name 
of William Clark, who was the father of James Clark, 
the now celebrated manager and ex-president of the 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. William Clark was 
hauling logs to Roger Brooke's mill, and become fast 
in the mud, just in front of where the Lyceum now 
stands, when Stephen Wilson ("Little Steve" we 
called him), got on the end of the wagon tongue and 
directed the men to back his team, which he did with 
the assistance of some of the larger boys, and thus 
was extricated from the difficulty; although light in 
body "little Steve" was weighty in advice. 

The building of large barns by David Frame and 
Mahlon Chandlee, came to> my knowledge as some- 
thing new; they still remain as monuments to these 
men. 



30 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

About 1823 and 1824, we had a more successful im- 
migration to our vicinity. Amos Farquhar's family 
took charge of Fair Hill, Thomas Lea's family came 
to Walnut Hill and Joshua Peirce's family to Black 
Meadow ; they are still represented among us by hon- 
orable descendants. Our friend, the late Benjamin 
Hallowell, made his appearance among us just about 
this time. 1 recollect his marriage, as also those of 
Edward, William Henry, and Caleb Stabler, which all 
occurred near together, and were consummated in 
public at the meeting-house."' 

You will notice with surprise, in the foregoing, how 
few families are living on the same farms now that 
they occupied in the early part of this century ; people, 
and some names have vanished from among us. as 
though they had never been. The venerable Mahlon 
Chandlee, now in his ninety-fifth year, has furnished 
me with a few items of interest relating to "ye olden 
time." 

"When I first came to this farm," said he, "a young 
man of twenty-two, I thought there never was such a 
discouraging prospect ; the fields were covered with 
sedge, and blackberry vines, and the land washed in 
deep gullies. I first built a mill and sawed out most 
of the lumber used in the construction of the meeting- 
house. 

"For many years I worked incessantly with no 
thought of taking a trip, or any recreation except an 
occasional day off for fishing, a very cheap amuse- 
ment, and I am right fond of it yet. 

"We went to bed early then, and got up with the 
sun, and had few things to take care of, compared 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 37 

to this clay. When a young man married then, he did 
not have to hire one or two women to wait on his 
wife, she did the indoor work, as he did the outdoor ;" 
and he added with a merry twinkle in his eye, "Cupid 
was more lively in those days, and marriages frequent. 
Dress, food and customs were all different." 

"In the fall we slaughtered a beef, and this, with 
our pork, sufficed for the winter months. We had no 
fresh meats, or fish, or oysters then, but we raised a 
great quantity of cabbage and winter vegetables, and 
these, with our large store of apples, kept through the 
cold season. I do not think apples keep as they used 
to ; the climate has greatly changed. We had deep 
snows that hid the fences from view, when I was a boy. 
I well remember," said the old gentleman, "going 
somewhere to dine, when a young man, and my indig- 
nation at having placed before me a dish of stewed to- 
matoes, or 'love apples,' as they were then called. I 
thought it outrageous to offer such food, but, now, I 
eat them all the year 'round, and find them good and 
wholesome." He complained of staying in the house 
through the long cold winter, and said he was anxious 
to be out, digging and planting his strawberry bed, 
for he still retains his industrious habits, and is al- 
most constantly employed, thus securing a contented 
and happy old age. 

Leaving now these Annals of the past, and coming 
much nearer the present, my first record for the year 
is a snow-storm, which occurred 4th mo. 9th, 1884. 

Fortunately Dame Nature had been her own un- 
erring almanac, her buds and fruits were safely tucked 
under their winter bedclothes, and thus escaped a pre- 



38 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

mature death. The season was exceedingly backward, 
cold and cloudy, and "probabilities" was evidently 
working up samples of weather for the whole year; 
April was more than half over before we realized the 
sap was rising, leaves unfolding, the garden must be 
planted, and spring work under way. 

4th month, 30th, Samuel A. Janney, who had gone 
abroad for his health, died at Manchester, England, 
in his fifty-first year. His remains were brought 
home and buried 5th month, 22d, at Woodside Ceme- 
tery. The manner of his death, far from home and 
friends was extremely sad. 

Fifth month, 1st, William Lea, had in successful op- 
eration the first potato-planter in this vicinity. '. 
ingenious machine, performed with more speed, and 
greater certainity, the work of many hands. 

On Fifth month, 15th. At a meeting of the Insur- 
ance Company, the following resolutions were read 
by YYm. H. Farquhar, and seconded by Charles 
Abert, in some feeling remarks. "The Board of Direc- 
tors were very much interested in the morning se— 
in being informed by Henry C. Hallowell, that we 
were all in effect celebrating the golden wedding of 
our Secretary, Robert R. Moore, and his wife, Hadas- 
sah J. The one being the most faithful of officers,, 
well-known over the State of Maryland, the other, re- 
minding us at every meeting of her kindness in pro- 
viding us with the reviving influences of an acceptable 
mid-day entertainment. It is the unanimous feeling of 
the Board, that we should embrace this interesting 
occasion, to express our high respect for the parties 
most intimately concerned, and our hearty congratu- 



ANNALS OF SAND.Y SPRING. 39 

lations to them for having been spared in mutual hap- 
piness to a period so rarely attained, with our sincere 
wishes that the blessing may be continued so long as 
both may share." 

Sixth month, 4th. A very successful spring meet- 
ing was held at Rockville of the Agricultural Society. 
Three out of four prizes for flowers were accorded our 
people. A great deal of farm machinery was pur- 
chased, and the day greatly enjoyed by a large gather- 
ing. 

On Sixth month, 8th and 9th, with pleasant 
weather, and the luxuriance of summer bloom, came 
our Quarterly Meeting, not a very large attendance, 
but much interest manifested in the business affairs of 
the society by some of our young people. 

Sixth month, 13th. Madam Nyman lectured at 
Stanmore on the higher education and business ca- 
pacity of women, an excellent discourse, delivered in 
a very charming manner, and meriting a larger 
audience. 

On that same afternoon, relatives and interested 
friends gathered at Rockland to enjoy the closing ex- 
ercises of the school, and to wish God-speed to the 
bright young girls of the graduating class, who with 
diplomas in hand, fancied their school days over, when 
in truth they were but on the threshold of the har- 
der school of life. While many children from the far 
northern and southern states are being educated in 
our midst, some of our own young people have re- 
turned the compliment, and have enjoyed in the past 
year the advantages of a decided change of scene, 



40 ANNALS OF SANDY KPIUXG. 

climate and modes of education in northern and south- 
ern schools. 

Sixth month, 13th. Henry Brooke, eldest child, 
and only son of Charles H. and Annie F. Brooke, died 
in his eighteenth year. Always delicate, his afflictions 
had been mitigated by the loving care and tenderness 
of his family; an ardent lover of music, and an ex- 
cellent student, had he lived, his mind would have been 
his kingdom. 

Sixth month, 19th. Dr. Riggs died after a linger- 
ing and painful illness ; for many years he had been 
the faithful friend and physician of families in our 
neighborhood, although properly belonging to 
Brookeville. 

Sixth month, 20th. There was a successful barn- 
raising at Allan Brooke's. Perhaps in no way is the 
progress in this vicinity more marked than in the 
improvement and erection of outbuildings and barns. 
A good farmer in providing comfortable quarters for 
his stock, a secure place for implements and machin- 
ery, is protecting himself from constant loss and ex- 
pense. 

Sixth month, 28th. William John, son of John and 
Kate D. Thomas, was born. 

Seventh month, 13th. Henry Hallowell, son of 
Roger and Carrie M. Farquhar, was born. 

Our numerous visitors at this time, taking their 
daily walks abroad, found themselves in the midst of 
a busy harvest scene. The mower and ingenious self- 
bmder were familiar objects in many a field, and laid 
low the waving grain. The yield was abundant, and 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 41 

labor of securing the crops very great, but the weather 
was extremely pleasant. 

Eighth month, 2nd. Benjamin D. Palmer, junior, 
infant son of Benjamin D. and Mollie M. Palmer, died 
very suddenly and as some one has beautifully said, 
only the parent's heart can know how "black a shad- 
ow a little grave can cast." 

Eighth month, ioth. An earthquake, which ex- 
tended from Maine to Virginia, was severely felt in 
many houses at the time it occurred, and more per- 
sons felt it perceptibly the next day, after reading of it 
in the papers. 

On the afternoon and evening of Eighth month, 
13th, nearly the whole neighborhood, and many rela- 
tives from a distance, met at "The Cedars" to cele- 
brate the fiftieth wedding anniversary of our esteemed 
friends, William Henry and Margaret B. Farquhar. 

The occasion was truly a golden one, in every par- 
ticular, after the toil and sorrows that are ever min- 
gled with the joys of life. This husband and wife have 
entered together the safe harbor of a peaceful old age, 
their children, happy and prosperous around them, 
friends, young and old, gather about them, and 
freight their remaining years with best wishes. Truly, 
might be said of them : 

"Their wedded love is founded on esteem, 
Which the fair merits of the mind engage; 
For these are charms which never can decay, 
But time, which gives new whiteness to the swan, 
Improves their lustre." 

Eighth month, 27th. Annie Tyson, widow of Wil- 
liam Kirk, died after a brief illness at Jordan Alum 



42 ANNALS OF SA^DY SPRING. 

Springs, Virginia. Spending much of her life among 
her many relations here, it seems proper to insert in 
this history a tribute to her fine mind, many accom- 
plishments and unusual charity of word and deed ; she 
thought and said the best of every one, and this is 
an epitaph that few merit or receive. 

Ninth month, 3d, 4th and 5th. Many of our people 
enjoyed the County Fair at Rockville. The weather 
was hot, but clear; the exhibit the finest for year-, 
especially of "live stock;" the attendance very large 
and the receipts most gratifying. Sandy Spring bore 
off many premiums for a great variety of products. 

The summer had been so unusually pleasant, it 
seemed as if we should escape entirely any intense 
heat, but in the ninth month we had a torrid spel 1 
that made up for all the cooling breezes we had en- 
joyed previously. 

On the eleventh of ninth month, with the mercury 
climbing up into the nineties, the Horticultural So- 
ciety held its annual exhibition at the Lyceum. A 
promised cold wave did not appear, but the exhibit 
did, much more complete than usual, and the oc- 
casion was most enjoyable. 

Henry C. Hallowell, the President of the Society, in 
his opening address, paid a beautiful and fitting tribute 
to his co-workers in past years, Alban Gilpen and Wil- 
liam John Thomas. 

Mr. Philip D. Laird, of Rockville, spoke of the im- 
portance of farmers making their homes so attractive, 
their children would stay in them, and have no incen- 
tive to flock to the big cities. Air. Charles Abert, 
favored us with an original poem. 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 43 

Ninth month, 18th. Dr. Augustus Stabler and 
Helen Snowden were married by Friends' ceremony 
at Ingleside. The happy couple joined our thriving 
Sandy Spring Colony at Lawrence, Mass., where they 
have established a pleasant home. 

Tenth month, 14th. At White Hall, the residence 
of Samuel Hopkins, Joseph T. Moore, Jr., and Estelle 
Tyson were married according to the order of the 
Society of Friends. 

This bride and groom, freighted with youth, hope 
and good wishes, came immediately to their comfor- 
table home at "Pen-y-Bryn," which loving hands had 
arranged for them. 

In this month, the Plainfield families, separated 
since the fire, were reunited in their new house which 
had risen like the Phoenix, from the ashes of the old. 

Long may they all live to enjoy this cheerful and 
commodious home, and, as the silver wedding of W. 
W. and Mary E. Moore was celebrated beneath the 
old roof in 1883, let us hope their golden wedding 
may occur in the present structure in 1918. 

Tenth month, 23d. Agnes Hallowell, daughter of 
John C. and Cornelia H. Bentley, was born. 

Eleventh month, 29th. Harry, son of Samuel B. 
and Florence Wetherald, was born. 

Twelfth month, 10th. Catherine, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Annie W. Rigg's, was born and died in a 
few hours. 

Twelfth month, 17th. Clarice, daughter of J. Jan- 
ney and Helen R. Shoemaker, was born. 

Twelfth month, 19th. The mercury fell below zero, 



44 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

and the beginning of an unusually cold and inclement 
winter was upon us. 

Christmas day was bright and clear, sleighing ex- 
cellent, and the merry jingle of bells resounded 
through the crisp air, as old and young hastened to 
the family meeting. Many a noble turkey, that bird so 
often sacrificed on the family altar, met its fate that 
day, and left its bones bleaching on the festive board. 

Xew Year's day was scarcely observed, and but few 
formal calls made — perhaps everybody was engaged 
in drafting good resolutions for the future, or turning 
over the proverbial "new leaf." 

First month, 20th. The Lyceum was filled with the 
farmers of Montgomery and adjoining counties, 'who 
had assembled, as had been their custom for sixteen 
years, to compare experiments and results in Agri- 
cultural practice. 

Henry C. Hallowell was made chairman, and Allan 
Farquhar and Henry H. Miller secretaries of the con- 
vention. 

The protection of sheep, the persistence of the hog 
thistle, ensilage, the question of introducing foreign 
labor and the use of various phosphates, were dis- 
cussed with great interest and profit. 

The reports of the several clubs were most grati- 
fying. The "Boy," or youngest one of all, holding 
its own in honorable competition with its father and 
grandfather. The ladies furnished a bountiful lunch, 
of which several hundred partook. 

First month, 22nd. Walter Scott and Lula Christ 
were married in Baltimore, by Episcopal ceremony. 
A large and pleasant reception was held that evening 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 45 

at the home of the newly-married couple in Sandy 
Spring. 

First month, 23d. William Hill's house was en- 
tirely destroyed by fire. 

The First and Second months may be fitly called 
the dead of winter. 

The lifeless trees sharply outlined against a grey 
sky, the frequent storm, the piercing cold, the death- 
like sleep of the brown and frozen earth waiting for 
the resurrection and the life of spring. But who 
among us does not feel that at this season comes the 
intellectual enjoyment often denied us, when fields 
are green, and a thousand distracting influences tempt 
us to outdoor scenes. In the long winter evenings we 
can draw the curtains, and with bright lights, glowing 
fires and our favorite books, taste all the pleasures of 
indoor country life. We were not, however, confined 
entirely to that cheapest and most lasting of all en- 
joyments, reading, for our energetic young people had 
a charming entertainment at the Lyceum, creditable 
in every respect to the internal resources of our 
neighborhood. Warned, by the play of the " Deco- 
rative Sisters," it is hardly possible the Esthetic craze 
will break out in our -midst. Our fields will not now 
be given over to the exclusive cultivation of the sun- 
flower, our churns and rolling pins will be guiltless 
of pictures of the cattail and the lily, neither will our 
barn doors and fences be decorated with the emblems 
of Oscar Wilde, or the Alderneys' horns tied up 
with sad-colored ribbons. 

Another entertainment at the Grange Hall, in 
which our young ladies participated in the becoming 



46 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

costumes of the "Chocolate Girl" yielded a respect- 
able sum for a charitable object. 

Some delightful tea parties broke the monotony. 
The Hon. Alonzo Bell, of Washington, gave us a 
most interesting and instructive discourse entitled, 
"The Mission of Life." And with this variety of g 1 ood 
things, the sameness of the winter months was greatly 
mitigated. 

Second month, 23d, died our esteemed friend,. 
Anna Miller, in her eighty-third year. Although liv- 
ing in Alexandria, she was so often with us, and so 
closely connected with Sandy Spring by ties of affec- 
tion and relationship, a memorial of her is not out of 
place here. Her active and useful life has been as 
a beautiful example and sermon to all who knew her. 
The mother of a large family, her calm and equable 
temperament that was as a rock of safety to resist the 
storms and vicissitudes of existence. It was her hap- 
py fortune to grow old gracefully, and time seemed 
scarcely to have touched her youthful tenderness, 
while on her face was reflected the beauty of a noble 
nature and pure heart. As a queen, was she among 
women, the love and cafe of numerous children, grand- 
children and greatgrandchildren was her kingdom, 
their devotion her throne. 

I have but few notes for March, which came in like 
a lion and stayed like a polar bear, and if I had kept a 
record of the weather it could hardly have been 
thawed out in time for the annual meeting. 

On Third month. 18th. the household at Cloverly 
was stricken with its first sorrow in the death of Ag- 
ness Hallowell Bentlev, iust five months old. Like 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 47 

an unfolded bud, in her innocent purity, she was laid 
away on the afternoon of the nineteenth. 

"It is not growing like a tree, 

In bulk, doth make men better be; 

Nor standing long an oak, 

Three hundred year, 

To fall ia log at last, dry, bald and sere. 

A lily of a day, is fairer, far, than they, 

Although it fade and die that night; 

It is the plant and flower of light, 

In small proportions we just beauty see, 

And in short measure life may perfect be." 

On the evening of third month, 24th, Dr. Francis 
Thomas entertained a large and appreciative audi- 
ence at the Lyceum with a graphic account of a 
recent trip to the New Orleans Exposition and 
through the Southern States. 

Fourth month, 29th. Miss Phoebe Cozzans of St. 
Louis, delivered at the meeting-house an address 
on Temperance, which was enjoyed by many. 

Fourth month, 31st. Mr. and Mrs. Marlowe lost 
their only child, a bright and promising boy of two 
years. Much sympathy was felt for them in this afflic- 
tion. 

A few more items of general interest may be men- 
tioned. 

The crops, of course, come first as of vital import- 
ance to farmers. 

With the exception of fruit, they were abundant 
and excellent, but with wheat selling at from eighty 
to ninety cents per bushel, and potatoes from fifty to 
sixty cents, it has been a most unprofitable year to 
tillers of the soil. 



4 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

As a silver lining to this cloud ail the necessaries 
of life have been exceeding low. If the merchant 
has paid us the merest pittance for our produce, 
we in turn have bought his goods cheaper than ever 
before. Perhaps we have had as much spending 
money as in past years, when a load of hay sold for 
one hundred dollars, and muslin was ninety cents a 
yard. 

The secretary of the Enterprise Club writes me 
"they are all as poor as beggars/' although one of 
their number raised on twenty-eight and a-half acres 
thirteen hundred and sixteen bushels of wheat, an 
average of forty-six bushels, ten pounds to the acre. 
The largest yield ever reported in the county. 

From those farmers who make the dairy an import- 
ant branch, I have compiled a report; this does 
not include by any means the whole neighborhood, 
but is confined, with two exceptions, to members of 
the Enterprise and Montgomery Clubs. 

Pounds of butter produced in the past year, 28,889, 
gallons of cream, 20,293. 

The erection at some central point of a "creamery," 
has been widely discused. At no distant day it will be 
an established fact. The milk from all the adjacent 
farms will be gathered in on the cooperative system, 
and with the aid of Swedish separators, and modern 
appliances, the yield of cream will be greatly increased, 
and individual labor diminished. 

The bank has now on deposit over 200,000 dollars, 
and the Fire Insurance Company has increased its 
risks S630.701.oo, in the past year, and now insures 
over $16,000,000 dollars worth of property. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 49 

A number of new houses have been built at Sandy 
Spring, along our main avenues, and at Ashton, and 
these rival metropolises will soon be shaking hands, 
and electing the same Mayor and Common Council. 

Benjamin D. Palmer and Granville Farquhar have 
put up windmills for the introduction of water through 
their houses. Edward P. Thomas has built a stable, 
John C. Bentley a stable, and William Lea a palatial 
pig palace. The new house at Plainfield, began last 
year, has been finished and occupied. Thomas L. 
Moore has built, a commodious house on a portion of 
Norwood farm, it is finely situated and has received 
the name of "Rutledge." From the fact that the 
young gentleman has recently made application for 
a ten days leave of absence from the insurance office 
to find a tenant for his new habitation, it is sur- 
mised that before many moons we will have another 
Benedict among us. 

In the second month, a new postoffice was estab- 
lished midway between Spencerville and Sandy 
Spring, which was named Ednor, and Dr. Francis 
Thomas appointed postmaster. It will doubtless prove 
a great convenience to the forty-three families living 
within one mile of it. 

The question of the erection of a telephone line be- 
tween Ashton and Rockville was agitated, but no de- 
cided steps taken to insure its completion. 

The telegraph operator, Mr. Sullivan, kindly fur- 
nishes me with a full report of business done through- 
out the year. There were more messages sent and 
received in June than during any other month. Num- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ber of messages sent in the year, five hundred and 
twelve. Received five hundred and thirty-three. 

The dedication of the Washington Monument, Feb- 
ruary 2 1st, was attended by a number of our citizens, 
and glimpses of this noble structure, from various 
points in our neighborhood, seem to connect us more 
closely than ever with the National Capital. 

The young women of the neighborhood, not find- 
ing all they craved in the dozen or more societies 
already existing here, have established yet, another, 
which meets in the afternoon and adjourneth before 
' ye early candle light." As it has no semblance of de- 
pendence on the male sex, it is properly called "The 
Independent." 

In spite of "hard times," most of our people have 
enjoyed their annual trips, and some of them, like 
the popular magazines, start out monthly for a change 
of scene and air. 

In the early summer, a coaching party, comprising 
both sexes, and including the best baby its mother 
ever saw, rode several hundred miles through the 
beautiful valleys and mountains of Virginia, and 
judging by an agreeable account of it, given at Olney 
Grange, by one of the lady tourists, this rational mode 
of travel should be more generally adopted by farm- 
ers and their families. 

Two or three persons from our neighborhood have 
crossed the ocean, a number visited New Orleans and 
Florida, and many taken shorter and less expensive 
trips. 

We have welcomed the coming and sped the part- 
ing of some six or seven hundred guests during the 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 51 

past year, and had them with us at all seasons — a 
good many came on bicycles. 

As the worthies in "yon old graveyard, lying 
low" plodded to meeting behind their safe, slow 
horses in bygone days — how little could they foresee 
their grandsons speeding over the country at the rate 
of ten or fifteen miles an hour on a lonesome vehicle, 
composed of a very large wheel, running after a very 
small wheel, and propelled by their own muscle ! By 
what effort of the imagination can we see in the next 
century the flying machines anchored outside the 
meeting-house, and when the silent hour has passed, 
the little boys and girls who face me now, but will 
face the meeting then, will mount their winged car- 
riages, catch the favoring breeze, and soar away home, 
regardless of anything but the winds that blow, and 
the principles of aerial navigation. Perhaps in their 
upward flight, your future "Historian" will have to 
chronicle the loss of the very last "broad brim" ever 
known in Sandy Spring! ! 

My record would hardly be complete without some 
mention of the presidential campaign, which engrossed 
the time and attention of our people in the summer 
and fall of 1884. With five candidates in the field, and 
one of them a lady on a tricycle, there was ample 
scope for difference of opinion, discussion, abuse and 
vituperation. At the time of the election returns, and 
uncertainty attending the count, our telegraph office 
was besieged by eager voters, day and night, half of 
whom felt sure the country would go to destruction, 
and they could not survive the election of Cleveland ; 
the other half were filled with equally dismal forebod- 



52 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ings should Blaine prove victorious. When the remot- 
est county was heard from, and the matter decided, 
the sky did not fall. To the astonishment of every one 
affairs went on much as usual, and all parties helped 
swell the immense crowd, thronging Washington on 
the fourth of March, to bid adieu to the outgoing 
and witness the incoming dynasty. 

It is pleasant to note the fact that James P. Stab- 
ler has resumed his permanent abode among us and 
Madge Miller, after several years of study, has re- 
turned to Sandy Spring, our first graduate from Yas- 
sar College. 

This year 1 have counted the bachelors, and there 
seems to be but twenty of them all told. In spite of 
the general use of barbed wire fences, most difficult 
fee climb, several of them have escaped from our 
midst and married elsewhere. Meanwhile the solid 
phalanx of seventy-seven spinsters remains unbrok- 
en. If they choose to wed, what possible resistance 
could a feeble minority of twenty make in the face 
of a determined and overwhelming majority. Let us 
hope this band of "unappropriated blessings" will go 
down illustrious in the Annals of Sandy Spring as 
having been all needed to help the married people 
along. 

George Washington said "Agriculture is the most 
healthful, most useful and most noble employment 
of man," and he might have added the most unceas- 
ing. From the "first furrow of spring, to the last 
stack the snows of winter overtake in the field, the 
farmer pursues his varying round. The sowing of 
the seed, the constant cultivation, the gathering of 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 53 

the harvest, the storing and disposal of the crop," one 
duty treading closely upon the heels of the next, with 
cold, heat, and insect blight to be guarded against. 
Daily toil and eternal vigilance make the successful 
farmer. 

If he seems to have comparatively small returns in 
cash for all this labor, he has at least great compensa- 
tion in a free and untrammeled life, and the satis- 
faction of accomplishing ends by legitimate means. 

"Only after hardest striving- 
Cometh sweet and perfeot rest, 
Life is found to be worth living 
To the one who does his best." 

But even after doing his best in this period of uni- 
versal business depression, the farmer has had his full 
share of embarrassment arising from the continued 
high price of labor and the low price of produce . 
It has become to many a serious question whether 
the land can be made to sustain the family in the 
present style of living, without returning to' the strict 
economies and privations of former days. 

Taken as a whole, the year has been uneventful. 
But each rolling season leaves its impress on every 
human life and its surroundings. 

To some of us, who have stood in anguish over our 
beloved dead, it seems that the past year has taken 
more from us than all the years to come can give. 

In thinking what we might have done had we only 
known, we repeat with unavailing regret the words 
of the poet : 



54 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

"We'll read that book, we'll sing that song, 
But when, oh, when the days are long — 
When thoughts are free, and voices clear, 
Some happy time within the year; 
The days troop by with noiseless tread, 
The song unsung, the book unread. 

"We'll see that friend, and make him feel 
The weight of friendship true as steel; 
Some flower of sympathy bestow — 
But time sweeps on with steady flow. 
Until, with quick reproachful tear, 
We lay our flowers upon his bier. 

"And still we walk the desert sands. 
And still with trifles All our hands; 
While ever just beyond our reach, 
A fairer purpose shows to each 
The deeds we have not done, but willed. 
Remain to haunt us. unfulfilled." 



CHAPTER III. 

From Fourth Month, 1SS5. to Fourth Month, :- 

Mr. and Mrs. Warwick P. Miller and four children go to 
Europe — Louis E. McOomas lectured — Locust year — 
Sunderland P. Gardener visited Sandy Spring — Disap- 
pearance of Philip Haviland — Local option petition 
signed by 3,850 names, presented to the Legisl 
by Delegate Philip D. Laird — A National College to 
educate farmers — Obituaries of Mrs. B. D. Waters and 
Anna L. Moore. 

When I complained a few weeks ago that items 
worthy of record had not been very numerous during 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 55 

the past year, it was suggested to me by a thoughtful 
friend, that most historians in seasons of great dearth, 
Grew on their imaginations and made "history to or- 
der." This might avail your unfortunate chronicler if 
she were writing entirely for posterity, but what loop- 
hole of escape is there for the wildest flight of fancy, 
when everything must be set down and read out in 
the very face of her ancestors. 

There is one subject that is common to all men and 
women kind, it is interesting alike to country born, and 
city bred, it is of vital importance to the inhabitants 
of all climes, from the pole to the equator, and like 
grim death it has "all seasons for its own." Unlike 
other topics, this of which I speak is never out of 
fashion, it is as old as time, as new as this morning's 
sunrise. 

When Adam first met his beauteous Eve, he doubt- 
less began the first conversation with a pertinent re- 
mark on the weather, and I will commence my narra- 
tive by following this illustrious example. 

On the 8th of Fourth month, 1885, the day after 
the annual meeting, there was quite a severe thunder- 
storm and on the 10th, by the way of violent contrast, 
a snow-storm. 

April maintained her usual fickle and inconstant be- 
havior and, like a veritable coquette, held winter by 
one hand, as though reluctant to part from icy bonds 
and with the other, tried to grasp the hot sunshine of 
summer. 

Those notable housewives who hurried reluctant 
lords and masters into early plowing of gardens, and 
abated not their activity until vegetables had been 



50 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRIXG. 

planted, were not a little dismayed to find a thick 
covering of snow rewarding their premature zeal. 

Everything was decidedly backward, and there was 
much complaint among our farmers at the tardy 
grass growth, as they had been feeding stock since 
October. 

We are very apt to forget, from year to year, and 
to feel that the present season is the worst ever 
known. 

An extract from a diary kept in 1843, says "the 
mercury in the Third month of that year, was gen- 
erally below the freezing point in the morning and 
snow fell to the depth of fourteen inches." 

The first peach tree flowered at Bloomfield, the 24th 
c> + " Fourth month. Oats were not sown until the first 
of Fifth month, and finished plowing corn the 15th. 

On Fourth month, 12th, the many friends of Airs. 
Z. D. Waters were shocked to hear of her brief ill- 
ness and sudden death, and on the 14th, a large con- 
course followed her remains to the family burial- 
ground so near the home her presence and care had 
made beautiful and happy. She was most estimable 
in all her relations of life, and her bereaved husband 
and sons had the sincere sympathy of the community. 

Fourth month, 22nd. Thomas L. Moore was mar- 
ried in Richmond. Virginia, to Miss Dorothy Allison, 
of that place. A large family party went from here 
to witness the ceremony, and on the 28th. a brilliant 
reception was given at Xorwood to the bride and 
groom. Nearly the entire neighborhood, as well as 
many strangers from a distance, thronged that hos- 
pitable homestead to offer congratulations and good 



ANNALS OF SANDY. SPRING. 57 

wishes to the young couple, just entering on new and 
untried paths. 

Fourth month, 30th. The Hon. Louis E. McCom- 
as lectured at the Lyceum on the Dartmouth Col- 
lege Case, the verdict rendered then, by the best legal 
talent in the country, having given precedent to all 
other monopolies since. He was especially severe on 
the selfish and grasping policy of the Baltimore and 
Ohio R. R. Co., and advised all farmers throughout 
Maryland to fight this and all other aggressive and 
oppressive monopolies. 

April merged into May and all nature was astir 
with the rising sap and sudden burst of vegetation. 

"Robins on the tree rtiops, 
Blossoms in the grass, 
Green thing's growing 
Everywhere yon pass; 
Sudden little breezes, 
Showers of silver dew, 
Black bough and bent twig 
Budding out anew; 
Pine tree and willow tree, 
Fringed elm and larch, 
Don't yiou think that Miay time's 
Pleasanter than March?" 

Towards the last of Fifth month, the farmer in his 
upturned furrow, and the lady digging in her flower 
beds, unearthed a wonderful army of sappers and min- 
ers, the advance guard of the seventeen year locusts. 
By thousands and ten thousands, they crept to the sur- 
face, swarmed up the trees, cast oflf their shrouds, and 
appeared in brand-new spring suits. For six weeks 



58 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

the air was vibrant with their shrill singing. While 
Madam Locust was busy piercing the tender twigs 
and limbs, and depositing her eggs, Monsieur Locust 
occupied all his time in musical concerts ! It is an 
old witticism — 

"Happy the cicadas' lives, 

Since they a.ll have voiceless wives, 

and perhaps the extreme rarity of such conjugal 
bliss ought to excuse such noisy demonstration 
over it. Day after day the papers teemed with lo- 
custs. 

Science, ignorance, conjecture were exhausted on 
the buzzing insect. Our modern savants, emulating 
the ancient Greeks, ate locusts fried or stewed for 
breakfast. Meanwhile they came, they sang, they 
went, leaving the forests blighted and hideous with 
dead and fallen boughs, and remaining as much a 
mystery as when the Biblical Prophet declared in 
holy writ, "They come like the noise of a liame of 
fire that devoureth stubble, and the land is, as the 
Garden of Eden before them, and behind them, a deso- 
late wilderness." Even at the phenomenally slow 
rate with which unmarried girls grow old in Sandy 
Spring, I feel that some of us will have passed the 
first flush of youth when these original inhabitants of 
the soil return to convince us that seventeen years 
have again rolled over our young heads. 

The spring meeting of the Montgomery County 
Agricultural Society, held at Rcckville, the 1st of Sixth 
month, was well attended by our farmers, who made 
many purchases of machinery and implements. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 59 

Our quarterly meeting on the 9th was, as usual, 
large and interesting to home folks, as well as visiting 
friends. 

Sixth month, 17th. Samuel P., son of Edward P. 
and Mary Bentley Thomas, was born. 

Despite the inevitable croakings and the fear of a 
poor yield, the wheat harvest was abundant, the 
weather extremely pleasant, and about the 25th of 
the month the hum of the mower and binder almost 
drowned the shrill cry of the ubiquitous locust. 

In this month Charles Farquhar graduated as 
Doctor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylva- 
nia, the same college that had bestowed its diploma on 
his father, many years before. 

Seventh month, 6th. Ethel, daughter of Allan and 
Lottie Farquhar, was born. 

Seventh month, 17th. Thomas J. Lea, of Bright- 
en, was married to Anna G. Wilson, of Rockville. 

All the loveliness of summer fruit, flower and h.eaU 
was now upon us, but there was no rest for the farm- 
er until grass and wheat were secured, and with the 
feeding of hungry men, canning and preserving and 
innumerable other duties, indoor activity rivaled that 
of the fields. 

Perhaps if our greatgrandmothers could have paid 
us a spiritual visit on one of those hot July days, and 
had seen the convenient little kerosene stove on the 
dining-room table, and noticed the comparative ease 
with which jellies and preserves were cooked, unac- 
companied by any great degree of heat to the attend- 
ant, they might have felt they had lived and died too- 
early in the present century. 



60 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Coal and kerosene are more extensively used every 
year among us for heating and cooking purposes, 
and when unsightly wood piles have entirely van- 
ished, a coming generation may regard the old story, 
'""Woodman spare that tree," a very superfluous pe- 
tition. 

"Apples in the orchard, 

Mellowing one by one, 

Strawberries upturning 

Soft cheeks to the sun; 

Roses faint with sweetness, 

Lilies fair of face, 

Drowsy scents and murmurs 

Haunting every place; 

Lengths of golden sunshine, 

Moonlight bright as day, 

Don't you think thait summer's 

Pleasanter than May?" 

All through the Eighth month our neighborhood 
was full of visitors, social enjoyment was at its height. 
Croquet and lawn-tennis in the mornings, picnics 
and baseball in the afternoons, riding parties in the 
evenings, dinners, teas and surprises all the time, 
probably convinced our city friends that to "plow 
and sow, and reap and mow," was not the sum total 
of farm life. 

On the 22nd of this month, a very agreeable enter- 
tainment was given at the Lyceum. Music, tableaux, 
and twenty love-sick maidens in a scene from the 
opera of "Patience." surrounded a weary and dis- 
gusted Bunthorne. Several visitors ably assisted our 
native talent on this occasion. 

The Ninth month came in with fine, cool weather, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 61 

and the crowds who thronged the fair grounds at 
Rockville, on the 2d, 3rd and 4th, were enabled to en- 
joy the really good exhibit in comfort. The varied 
products of house, garden and farm were most com- 
plete, and very noticeable were the fine herds of Jer- 
sey, Holstein and Devon cattle. Sandy Spring bore 
off premiums from every department. 

It was in this month that our esteemed friends, 
Warwick P. and Mary M. Miller, started on a long 
contemplated trip to Europe, and the privileged few, 
who had the benefit of their delightful letters from for- 
eign lands, enjoyed their wanderings with them. 

Many of our neighbors who had not gone to the 
mountain or seashore earlier in the season, indulged 
in short trips on excursions to Luray and Pen-Mar. 

On the first of Tenth month, Richard T. Bentley 
withdrew from the old mercantile firm at Sandy 
Spring, which his father had helped establish in 181 7. 

The annual exhibit of the Horticultural Society was 
omitted in the Tenth month, but all the various 
"clubs" and "associations" were in full tide, and so 
frequent were the weekly or monthly meetings at the 
various houses, it would seem sometimes as if social 
visiting was lost sight of, and society merged into so- 
cieties. 

The forests glowed with brilliant colors, crisp morn- 
ings and bright days invited to long walks and rides, 
but the farmer and his army of helpers had little time 
for recreation or observation of the beauties of Octo- 
ber foliage. From early morn till dewy eve, his one 
idea was, potatoes, more potatoes, and still potatoes, 
— his one wish that he had a "patent hinge in his 



62 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

back," as he bent again and again to his tiresome 
task. Thousands and thousands of bushels over- 
flowed cellars, barns and bins, and still the plowshare 
perseveringly brought to light more tubers. Quantity, 
however, exceeded quality, and many bushels were 
hardly worth the gathering — frequent showers re- 
tarded the task, and other farm work pressed — 

"John in the corn field 

Pulling golden ears, 

Cousin George, with hound and horn, 

Suddenly appears; 

Music ringing in the air, 

Over woods and rocks. 

Young Quakers, old Quakers, 

Followers of Fox. 

High — Low — and Beulah. 

Chase him to his den: 

Friendly hunters hold the 'brush,' 

As mightier than Penn. 

Chestnuts in the aghes, 

Bursting thro' the rind — 

Red leaf, gold leaf. 

Whistling down the wind; 

Housewife doing peaches 

All the afternoon — 

Don't you think that Autumn's 

Pleasanter tha.n June?" 

A large delegation of various ages attended Balti- 
more Yearly Meeting, the last of Tenth month, and 
a week or two afterwards, Sunderland P. Gardener, 
minister from Xew York State, who had addressed 
most acceptably that large gathering, preached in 
mid-week meeting here. His sermon was listened 
to with great interest by persons of all denomina- 
tions present. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 63 

The first event in the Eleventh month was so sad 
that the grief and desolation of one stricken family 
and home spread like a pall over the entire neighbor- 
hood. 

When I speak of Anna L., wife of Joseph T. Moore, 
who among us will not vividly recall the beauty of 
her face, her sweet voice, her cordial, pleasant man- 
ner and the indescribable, yet perfect charm of her 
lovely presence ? 

Of most humble opinion of herself and unappre- 
ciative of her own abilities, only her intimate rela- 
tives and friends knew how much she accomplished 
in life or were admitted to the inner temple of her 
cultivated and well-stored mind. 

When differences arose, she was ever the peace- 
maker, and the safeguard of a tolerant spirit sealed 
her lips to the faults of others. Gossip and censure 
were outside the exalted realm of her conscience and 
character. 

The "pure in heart shall see God.^ A true lover 
of nature, she saw him always in his wondrous works, 
and took the keenest delight in the varied pictures 
presented by the changing seasons. 

She had the gift of beholding the good and beau- 
tiful in all surrounding objects, and how often would 
she enjoy and comment upon the majestic approach 
of a storm, the exquisite tints of a fine sunset, the 
evening glow over the fields and woods. 

With undaunted courage she submitted to a danger- 
ous operation in the early summer, and without one 
• word of repining or impatience, endured the pain and 



64 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

discomfort that followed. If the prayers and bless- 
ings of the gentle Catholic Sisters., who crowded about 
her, on the morning of her departure from their kindly 
care, had been answered, we would now be rejoicing 
in her restoration to health instead of mourning her 
untimely loss. She seemed to fade with the changing 
season and falling leaf, and it was only too apparent 
that human skill and care and affection were power- 
less to save her. With unspeakable anguish her hus- 
band and children, her aged mother and her friends, 
saw her failing hour by hour. The pale messenger 
had touched her with icy fingers, and she was rapid- 
ly passing toward that unknown country, whence none 
could follow. 

Behind the veil of this life, there is a mystery, 
which she penetrated on the 8th day of Eleventh 
month, 1885. 

The central ornament of a happy home, the devoted 
wife, the queen mother among her sons and daught- 
ers, the faithful and loving friend has gone from us 
forever. Her memory shall exhort, and her example 
shall encourage and persuade those who come after, 
to emulate her truth, her purity and her virtues, and 
to hold in sweet remembrance the fragrance of her 
stainless life. 

"She being- dead, yet speaketh. all may hear 

The messag-e left us, by her lovely life, 

In deeds that live, in action's thart endure. 

As friend and sister, daughter, mother, wife. 

Then let not grief persuade us she is dead, 

She has but left us for fairer shore, 

And though her spirit heavenward may have fled < 

Her influence remains f orevermor e." 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 65 

Her funeral at Norwood on the afternoon of 
Eleventh month, ioth, was very large, and charac- 
terized by unusual quiet and solemnity, and on that 
occasion, Caroline H. Miller offered the following 
tribute : 

It is impossible to give expression to the sense of 
loss experienced by the community at her death. Our 
hearts ache with a double sorrow, sorrow for you and 
for ourselves, nor can we put into words the admira- 
tion, almost adoration, which her heroism from first 
to last has inspired. The lesson of her calm courage, 
hei patient and cheerful endurance, her unselfish con- 
sideration for others, and her triumphant close will 
live for generations, as will the gracious memory of 
her loveliness and charm. Heavy as is the bereave- 
ment, in view of her suffering and of her speedy re- 
lease, let us, at least, try to say with our whole hearts 

Oh, lovely and fair, we rejoice thou art there 
Jn the kingdom of light, with its treasures untold, 
Where the air thrills with joyous hosannas, and where 
Thou wilt never grow old, sweet, never grow old* 

Eleventh month, 17th. Mary Snowden, of Ingle- 
side, was married in Baltimore, to Charles Warfield, 
of Howard County. 

Christmas weather was fine and clear, and our 
schoolgirls returning from distant states to spend 
the holidays, brought their friends with them. Mas- 
sachusetts, Texas, Pennsylvania, and many other sec- 
tions, were represented in the gay, young parties 
that gathered round the blazing yule log. 

December 25th, Mary Willis, daughter of Granville 
and Pattie T. Farquhar, was born. 



66 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPEIXG. 

About Christmas, and for some weeks after, there 
was much excitement in our midst over the disap- 
pearance of Philip Haviland, a Friend living some 
miles away, but belonging to the Orthodox meeting 
here. 

His wagon was found abandoned on the pike, at 
"Sligo," and it was generally supposed he had been 
foully dealt with. Numerous persons from here as- 
sisted in the search for him, which was continued for 
days without developing anything of a satisfactory 
nature to clear up the mystery. 

First month, ist, 1886, was so balmy, so bright and 
so full of golden promises, the first quotation from the 
"Dickens Calendar," compiled by Mary- Bentley 
Thomas, and published by Wanamaker, of Philadel- 
phia, was singularly appropriate. 

"We are bound by every rule of justice and equity, 
to give the Xew Year credit for being a good one un- 
til he proves himself unworthy the confidence reposed 
in him." 

The annual statement of The Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company at this time showed an increase in risks of 
over half a million dollars above the previous year. 

The condition of the Sandy Spring Savings Institu- 
tion was no less prosperous. 

First month, 7th. The Fourteenth, and largest 
Farmers' Convention ever held here, gathered at the 
Lyceum, with Henry C. Hallowell in the chair, and 
H. H. Miller and Frank Snowden, Secretaries. Sev- 
eral committees appointed last year read reports on 
the subjects of "Railroad Crossings," "Protection of 
Sheep" and "Creameries." Ex-Governor Hamilton 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 67 

made an excellent impression on the meeting, by his 
speech, and especially pleased the farmers of Mont- 
gomery by saying that their crops of last year, as re- 
ported in the Club proceedings, exceeded those of his 
own county, though in former times, in Washington 
County, Montgomery was regarded almost as a deso- 
late waste. 

Resolutions were passed, instructing delegates to 
the "Farmers' Associations" to endeavor to have that 
body present a memorial to the Legislature, ask- 
ing the establishment of an Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station. 

First month, 9th. A blizzard and snow-storm oc- 
curred, which for days necessitated travel through 
the fields, the roads being impassable. Wagons re- 
turning from Washington were abandoned on the 
pike. A large force turned out and opened thorough- 
fares through huge drifts. With more than enough 
snow, the sleighing was wretched and hazardous, and 
the most devoted husband and father thought noth- 
ing of upsetting his entire family several times in a 
short ride. 

The oldest inhabitant came promptly to the front 
with reminiscences of the days of his youth, when 
he sleighed right over fences and other trifling ob- 
structions, and our storm sank into insignificance in 
the face of the superior discomforts of those "good 
old times.'' There was no difficulty in procuring an 
ample supply of ice, and it seemed thick enough and 
cold enough, but it was as nothing compared to the 
ice seen and remembered by our most ancient inhabi- 
tant of all. Friend Rebecca Russell, in the latter part 



68 ANXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

of the last century, when the Brandywine was frozen 
to its very bottom. 

First month, 19th. The Rev. Frederic D. Powers, 
of Washington, delivered at the Lyceum a beautiful 
lecture on "The Life and Character of James A. Gar- 
field." 

Second Month, 24th. Dorothy Brooke, daughter 
of Charles F. and Corrie M. Brooke, was born. 

Through January and February, it was often re- 
marked, we were having a real old-fashioned season 
of clouds, storms, and piercing winds. "As the days 
lengthened, the cold strengthened," and the perfect 
picture of winter which Shakespeare presents in two 
verses, in — "Loves Labor Lost," might be quoted 
here, turned into prose. He tells of icicles hanging 
from the walls ; of Dick, the shepherd, blowing on 
his hands to warm them with the same breath he blows 
his porridge to cool it ; next, Tom drags huge logs to 
the great hall fire. Then follows the milkmaid, with 
her raw, red nose, the milk frozen in the pail; wo- 
manlike, she pities the poor, shivering birds outside 
in the snow. Neither do matters mend in church 
where there is such a noise of coughing as to drown 
the parson's discourse, one aisle answering to an- 
other, as if the congregation were playing at catch- 
ing balls, instead of colds. Several of our friends were 
housed through the entire winter, some suffered from 
tedious illness, and there were more accidents than 
usual in the way of broken bones, and lesser casu- 
alties, and one narrow escape from a fallen limb, 
winch pinned two young ladies to the earth until, like 
"truth, they rose again," almost miraculously un- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 69 

hurt. With terrific winds, uprooting many a tree, 
and scattering unnumbered branches, February blew 
itself out, and another winter with all its chances for 
home culture, all its distinctive indoor life, its cosy 
comforts, its freezing discomforts was over. 

"Little fairy snow flakes, 
Dancing in the flue, 
Old Mr. Santa Claus, 
Wh>att is keeping- you? 
Twilight and firelight — 
'Shadows come and go, 
Merry chimes of sleigh-bells 
Twinkling- through f>he isnow; 
Mother knitting stockings, 
Pussy's got the ball, 
Don't you think that Winter's 
Pleasanter than all?" 

In the Third month, the subject of "local option" 
was again agitated, although it was supposed by all 
advocates of temperance, law and order, that this im- 
portant question had been definitely settled at the 
polls by a majority of fifteen hundred. 

The initiatory steps in opposing the reopening of 
this matter, were taken in Sandy Spring Monthly 
Meeting Temperance Society, and on the 12th of 
Third month, a number of our friends, with others 
from the county, carried to Annapolis petitions sign- 
ed by three thousand, eight hundred and fifty names . 
These documents were brought to the notice of the 
Legislature by our able delegate, Philip D. Laird, of 
Rockville, in a short and decided speech, that did 
great credit to his head and heart. 

"Reports from the County Board of Health have 



70 ANXALS OF SANDY SPEING. 

also been presented to the Governor and Legislature, 
in the past year, and it is gratifying to know, that in 
our district, public attention to the rules of health has 
largely increased, and the improvement in the sani- 
tary condition is very marked. The people seem to be 
in kindly sympathy with the board, as shown by their 
ready compliance with official and personal requests, 
and by applications to the members of the board for 
advice regarding the surroundings and arrangements 
of their homes.'' On several occasions the president, 
Henry C. Hallowell, has delivered lectures on sani- 
tary science and rules of health, to large and inter- 
ested audiences in different localities. 

On late February or early March days, attention 
was attracted to stalwart figures, striding over the 
fields, bearing a curious tin arrangement, not unlike 
those used to illuminate the dark and devious ways of 
politicians in torch light processions. On nearer ap- 
proach the farmer was seen to be enveloped in a 
cloud of fine seed, and this newcomer proved to be 
a patent clover-seed sower, capable of doing, in two 
hours, by the mere turning of a crank, the day's work 
of a man. 

The corn-planter has also been added to our farm- 
ing implements, since last year, and this does the work 
of six men in one day. 

With all these labor-saving machines, people seem 
to be as much pressed for time as ever. 

South Carolina Rock has now stood the test of 
three years' use in our section, and its benefit to the 
soil is an assured fact; the introduction of it lias 
greatly reduced the price of other fertilizers. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 71 

On the evening of Third month, 30th, Madam Ney- 
man, of Germany, delivered a lecture at the Lyceum 
on "Woman's Mission to Humanity." The small 
audience that braved the inclement weather was well 
repaid in listening to a very beautiful discourse, most 
charmingly delivered, and was greatly edified by 
Caroline H. Miller's introductory remarks. 

The Third month completes the circle of our his- 
torical year, and in lieu of other items, I will note 
some events of general interest" that have been scat- 
tered through the past months. 

While we have had one pleasant addition to our 
neighborhood in Dr. W. French Green, of Virginia, 
assistant to Dr. Magruder, we have sustained some 
losses in the removal of friends to distant states. 

Clara Chalfant and family have located in Atlanta, 
Georgia ; Richard Magruder has gone to Massachu- 
setts ; Frederic P. and George H. Moore to New York 
City ; Mary P. Thomas to Denver, Colorado. 

Miss Tillum and Miss Pierce have returned from 
Pennsylvania, and are keeping house near Brighton, 
and Katherine Stabler, after a brief visit to the far 
west, has established herself in a home at Ashton. 

There have been several transfers of property. 
Henry C. Hallowell bought from Mary L. Roberts a 
strip of woodland adjoining Rockland. 

Mrs. Mary G. Tyson and daughters are to be con- 
gratulated on the purchase of "Kentmore," they will 
soon have a pleasant, new home erected, which is to 
be rechristened "Marden." 

Thomas Lea, senior, has bought land opposite 
"Springdale," and is preparing to build on it. 



72 ANXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Admiral James E. Jouett now owns "Fulford." 

In extending a welcome to this distinguished officer 
of the navy, let us hope that when he has "beaten 
his sword into a plowshare, and his spear into a 
pruning-hook, he will be as successful in the peace- 
ful arts of agriculture, as he has heretofore been re- 
nowned in the sterner duties of war. 

Our principal schools, Rockland and Sherwood, 
have been full and flourishing, our public schools ob- 
tain their quota, and Edith B. Thomas has a small 
school at Clifton, which may, perhaps, in the future, 
compare as the oak to the acorn. 

Miss Alice Tyson has calisthenic and dancing 
classes at Rockland and Fulford. It is evident that 
while young ideas are taught to shoot, — young mus- 
cles are to be instructed in the best ways of strength 
and grace. 

It is pleasant to note an improvement every year in 
various homes, as well as in outbuildings and shelter 
for stock. 

Philip Stabler has built a fine barn. Three houses 
have gone up on the main avenue, and a new porch 
at Avon. 

Sherwood Mill has been enlarged, a conservatory 
and other pleasant changes made at "The Cedars." 

James P. Stabler has finished a very complete work- 
shop at Sharon. 

.Although history should perhaps only deal with ac- 
complished facts, yet it is rumored that the long-con- 
templated creamery is actually in process of construc- 
tion as well as a new dwelling on R. Rowland Moore's 
farm. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 73 

The ladies at Sunset and Mt. Airy are rejoicing in 
new conservatories. 

Clifton house, like an old Friend with a modern 
fashionable bonnet on, has been re-roofed, and both it 
and Bloomfield house are looking through larger spec- 
tacles than ever before. The ancient, small panes of 
glass in the windows having been replaced by large 
lights, to the great benefit of the livers ; and last, but 
not least, Sandy Spring store has discarded its old 
doors, honeycombed by nails, that held in place ten 
thousand notices, and has blossomed out in new 
glass doors! With time and patience, the mulberry 
leaf becomes silk, and somebody may build a new 
store on to those dcors. 

It would be interesting, if we could compare a full 
schedule of old prices with more modern ones. As 
one instance, I will cite, that when business began at 
this old store, candy was twelve and a half cents, or a 
"levy," a stick, and I fear that one stick went a great 
way in a family. Last Christmas at Sandy Spring and 
Ashton, about one thousand pounds of candy were 
sold, some of it not more per pound than was the 
former single stick.. 

While some of our citizens have added fine regis- 
tered Jersey cows to their herds, and have greatly 
increased the motive power on their farms, we have 
not, in the aggregate, gained in stock, as the mortality 
has been great, and among horses, almost unprece- 
dented, five having died in one week at Alloway, from 
d mysterious disease, supposed by some to be diph- 
theria. 



74 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

CONCLUSION. 

While some lives in our midst have been sadly and 
completely changed in the past year, yet, taken as a 
whole, it has been a comparatively uneventful period 
for our neighborhood. Remote from railroads, with 
no manufacturing interests, it would seem as if the 
turmoil of the outside world would not quickly effect 
us, yet, so intricate are the links that bind all people 
together in the struggle for existence, and so constant 
is the demand of need and supply, we are more or less 
dependent upon the extent of city traffic as the citi- 
zen is undoubtedly dependent upon the prosperity of 
the farmer. 

In common with great corporations, and with mer- 
chants and shippers, we have felt the effect of the 
numerous strikes at the north and west, and the wide- 
spread war beteen labor and capital. A constant 
fluctuation and depression in prices and a want of se- 
curity in stocks and investments, has been the re- 
sult. When millers are boycotted, wheat falls below 
par. The value of our acres and their cultivation, 
and produce, is the grand source of liational wealth, 
and a large proportion of the inhabitants of our fair 
land are tillers of the soil ; yet they are most in- 
adequately represented in Congress and in our Leg- 
islatures by farmers, which is evidenced by the fact, 
that a Standing Committee on Agriculture in 'the 
House of Representatives has never thought it worth 
while even to make a report. Why should not a De- 
partment of Agriculture, with a cabinet officer at its 
head, be a natural and necessary part of government? 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 75 

Why should not a National Agricultural College be 
established at some central point, where "cadets" from 
the farm would receive the same advantages of scien- 
tific training and education that are bestowed on the 
students at the military and naval academies at 
West Point and Annapolis? 

It would seem as commendable to teach a certain 
number of young "husbandmen" the best methods of 
cultivating the ground, and feeding the world, as to 
instruct another set of youths in the most efficacious 
ways of fighting the world. Branch colleges and ex- 
perimental stations in every state, presided over by 
the graduates of the "national farm," would give a 
new dignity and prominence to farmers.. A sheaf of 
wheat, or a sickle, would look just as well on a brass 
button, as an eagle or an anchor. 

It is a maxim of the Hindoo, that he who sows the 
ground with care and diligence acquires a greater 
degree of religion than he could have gained by the 
repetition of ten thousand prayers. 

One of the most immediate effects of agricultural 
life is, that it imparts a settled disposition, and a 
greater degree of local attachment ; the very method 
also of procuring subsistence from the earth renders 
the spot which is the subject of cultivation familiar, 
and a kind of natural gratitude for the increase tends 
to endear it to the mind. 

In the early times of the Republic of Rome, when 
patriotism was more than an empty name, the highest 
praise that could be given a man was to say of him, 
that he had "well cultivated his spot of ground." 

Let us hope in the historical year we are just en- 



76 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPEIXG. 

tering upon that not only may our land be well and 
profitably tilled, but that it be made to support free, of 
the incubus of debt, those dependent on it. 

Too often the farmer is under the harrow of mort- 
gages, running accounts and interest money, and thus 
misses the peace of mind only possible to those who 
live in accordance with Mr. Micawber's immortal re- 
ceipt for true enjoyment of life. 

"Annual income, twenty pounds; annual expendi- 
tures, nineteen pounds, six ; result, happiness. An- 
nual income, twenty pounds ; annual expenditures, 
twenty pounds, six ; result, misery. 

"The grand essentials of happiness are something 
to do, something to love, and something to hope 
for," and with all of these, as Tiny Tim observed, 
"God bless us everv one." 



CHAPTER IV. 

From April, 1S56, to April. 1SS7. 

Ktbecca Russell's 'hundredth birthday — Hall built by 
Brighton Grange — Poor crops — Large convention of 
farmers at Lyceum — Library built — Obituaries of 
Sarah B. Stabler, Patience H. Leggett. James S. Hal- 
lowell. Mary B. Hall, William Henry Farquhar, Wil- 
liam L. Kinnard and Benjamin H. Murry. 

Our annual meeting, Fourth month, 7th, 1886, was 
held on a dark and stormy night, and the sensible reso- 
lution was offered and carried, by a comparatively 
small assemblv, to have the date of all future meet- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 77 

ings governed by the full moon, and thus enable our 
people to reach the Lyceum with comfort and safety 
by the aid of nature's universal lantern. 

In the several years I have held this unfortunate 
position, Dame Nature has never before permitted 
me to chronicle an early spring. 

But, very soon in Fourth month, 1886, there was a 
great awakening. 

Out in the orchard, under the coarse bark of the 
apple trees, over in the woods, beneath the rind of the 
birch and the maple, the chestnut, and the ash, under 
the dead leaves, on the hillside, where the arbutus 
was struggling into life, down in the meadows, where 
the brown grasses were brightening, out on the lawn, 
where the emerald was just beginning to assert it- 
self over winter's wear of sombre gray, without noise 
or friction, or any visible movement, millions of horse 
power was at work. 

There was a stir in the grave of the crocus, the dead 
spears of last year's lily began to feel a gentle pres- 
sure from below ; the tufts of yellow grass-green blades 
thrust up their heads, roots of the dandelion rustled 
in anticipation of a coming coronation, and in every 
fibre of the oak and elm a force which no man may 
number, and no human strength resist, was marching 
straight upwards. The irresistible force of growth 
had come back to gladden the world ! 

The work of its sappers and miners was beginning 
to appear. They were pushing up their spears in 
meadow and field, they were climbing to the battle- 
ments in forest and orchard, they hovered on the hill- 
sides, and pitched their tents in the valleys. Their leg- 



> AXXALS OF SAXDY SPEIXG. 

ions were tramping noiselessly, but constantly, into 
the treetops — each with its folded banner. 

Presently, when all had reached their stations, even 
to the furthest twig, there was a flutter in the or- 
chards, and the world awoke to find itself once more 
possessed with the beauty of the fragrant blossoms of 
the apple and the peach. 

To take advantage of all this early renewal of life, 
gardening was commenced very soon in the season, 
but it was too wet to make much progress. 

Fourth month, 20th. Francis Miller gave an inter- 
esting lecture, at the Lyceum, on the "Good Old 
Times," which he proved to be quite inferior to the 
better "New Times" we are now enjoying. 

On the afternoon of Fifth month, 18th, the old 
meeting-house was crowded with people to witness the 
marriage ceremony between Francis Snowden and 
Fanny Brooke Stabler. A similar event had not tak- 
en place within its venerable walls since the bride's 
mother was married there more than thirty years ago. 
Immediately after the ceremony the bride and groom 
left for Niagara, and on returning from their trip set- 
tled at Ingleside. 

In this month, Robert, Isabel and Janet Miller 
went to Europe, and Lucy Snowden and Lizzie Gil- 
pin to Minneapolis. 

My record of the Fifth month is somewhat like the 
lament of the "Ancient Mariner," "Water, water, 
everywhere, and not a drop to drink." 

Rains continued almost without intermission, and 
when it occasionally cleared, it seemed only to gather 
strength for another flood. The theory with some 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 79 

persons, that after locust year there is always an un- 
usual downpour, seemed verified ; and enough water 
sank deep into the earth through the perforations of 
that industrious seventeen-year-old insect, to insure 
the rise of streams and springs. 

On Fifth month, 25th, our esteemed friend, Sarah 
B. Stabler, of Sharon, died in her eighty-fifth year. Her 
life had been spent "far from the madding crowd," and 
nearly all of it at Sharon, where she was born, mar- 
ried and died. Although her school education was all 
completed within the short limit of seven months, 
her self-culture was so constant that few, indeed, were 
so thoroughly educated as she. Of a fine poetic na- 
ture, a keen sense of humor, and an ever-ready wit, 
we can all recall the pleasures of her most excellent 
and improving society. 

Her literary ability was of a marked character, and 
her intimate friends were often delighted by her ad- 
mirable prose oir poetry, which her innate modesty 
and self-depreciation kept from the general public. 

The poem, which was read at the dedication of this 
Lyceum, and the poem with which she favored us, ret- 
rospective of a period of twenty years, will live in our 
grateful memories. 

She seldom went from home, except to attend the 
meetings of the Horticultural Society, of which she 
was an interested and valued member. 

The cultivation of rare and beautiful flowers was her 
delight and recreation, and the "Roses of Sharon" 
were as fragrant and perfect as those which inspired 
the song of King Solomon so many centuries ago in 
Judea. 



80 ANNALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 

Sheltered from every care by the devotion of her 
daughter, and the loving ministrations of children and 
grandchildren, her life flowed on to its peaceful 
close. 

While convalescing from a severe illness in 1879, 
she wrote the following lines, expressing most feeling- 
ly her trust in a merciful Father and a future life. 

"I seem to stand in waiting on the verge 

Of that dividing river, 

Which lies between earth's scenes 

And rolls its surge 

To scenes which last forever. 

"Yearning to meet those friends 

So dear to me, 

Who have the waves crossed over, 

Yet clinging fondly to the forms I see 

Around my sick-bed hover. 

"How shall I choose between the Angels there, 

Beyond my earthly vision, 

And those dear angels who 

Attend me here — 

How shall I reach decision? 

"It is not thine to choose; 

Wait, then, and trust 

All to the Great Life-Giver. 

The loving Father, merciful and just, 

Who doth all souls deliver. 

"And there I rest, with all my friends on earth, 

More dear to me than ever. 

With hope that T may some time 

Have a birth 

Tn blissful life forever." 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 81 

Sixth month, 3rd. The spring meeting of the Ag- 
ricultural Society was held at Rockville, and four out 
of five premiums awarded for flowers to Sandy 
Spring people. 

Sixth month, 9th. Patience H. Leggett died at 
Norwood, in her seventy-seventh year. 

Coming from the State ioif New York, she had 
dwelt among us, as one of us, for nearly a quarter of a 
century, and her loving and sympathetic nature made 
her the cherished companion of all ages. 

It was her happy fate to grow old gracefully, and to 
retain in a marked degree the confidence and affec- 
tion of the young. 

The poor and needy were not only the recipients of 
her bounty, but of the kindly considerate word and 
manner so often withheld from those of humble sta- 
tion. 

The death of a beloved daughter seemed to loosen: 
her hold on life, and while the untiring devotion of her 
granddaughter, the love and care of children and 
friends strove to mitigate an irreparable loss, it seem- 
ed she could not survive her sorrow. She was called 
in a moment from this breathing world, into* the great 
silence beyond, and died without suffering. 

Few faces have been as peaceful and beautiful in 
the calm repose of death as was hers on the afternoon 
of Sixth month, nth, when a large concourse attend- 
ed her funeral and followed her remains to their last 
resting-place. 

Sixth month, 12th, 13th, 14th, our quarterly meet- 
ing was held, with a smaller attendance than usual, 
but a great gain in order and quiet. A committee of 



82 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

young people having been wisely appointed to en- 
force a correct and becoming behavior in the place of 
worship. 

Heavy and unusual rains prevailed at this time, and 
our farmers, always on the verge of ruin, and generally 
in despair over the prospective or actual failure of 
some crops, were now in the depths about their pota- 
toes. There seemed no possibility of getting this valu- 
able tuber entombed. 

Again and again would the potatoes, the fertilizers, 
the laborers, and the farmer, be grouped in the field ; 
again and again would the floods descend, and a sad 
dripping procession wind homeward, leaving the po- 
tato still unplanted, and many of them were not un- 
der ground until after wheat was cut ; meanwhile vege- 
tation was most luxuriant, and ill-weeds grew apace 
in the moist atmosphere. 

In June, Mary P. Thomas, who had gone a few 
months previously to Denver, Colorado, on a visit, 
was married to Frederick Jackson, of that place, and 
permanently settled in her new home. 

Sixth month, 20th. On 1st day afternoon, Presi- 
dent Edward H. Magill, of Swarthmore College, lec- 
tured most instructively on the subject of higher edu- 
cation. Many of his former pupils were interested lis- 
teners. 

Sixth month, 30th. Alice, daughter of Alban G. 
and Sadie P. Brooke, was born. 

Seventh month, 12th. Our esteemed friend, James 
S. Hallowell, died in his sixty-fifth year, at Clifton 
Springs, New York, where he had gone for the bene- 
fit of his health. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 83 

In his younger days he was employed as a teacher 
in the school of his uncle, the late Benjamin Hallo- 
well, of Alexandria, Virginia. At the outbreak of the 
war he came to Sandy Spring and taught in the pub- 
lic school to the lasting gratitude of those who had 
the benefit of his thorough system of instruction. Af- 
terwards, he established a flourishing boarding-school 
at Fulford, which he conducted with success for 
some years. During President Lincoln's administra- 
tion he served as disbursing clerk in the postofiice 
department, and since that time he was employed in 
farming near Brookeville. 

As was fittingly said of him by Henry C. Hallowell, 
in the minutes of the Farmer's Club: 

"We all feel that a warm and generous heart has 
ceased to beat. A man of untiring energy, unbound- 
ed benevolence, and scorning what # was little and 
mean, he will long be remembered. His kindness to 
dumb and helpless animals around him was proverb- 
ial. Carrying grain in his pockets to scatter upon 
the snow, during severe winters, for the birds, or tak- 
ing long walks after night in town to feed and water 
animals turned out upon the commons to die. 

"His remains were followed to their last resting 
place, July 14th, and sincere grief was manifested over 
his open grave." 

Seventh month, 20th. R. Rowland Moore and 
Margaret G. Tyson were married at Marden by 
Friends' ceremony. The bride and groom went to 
their charming new home, "Amersley." 

Our summer run of company, whose tide sets hith- 
erward in July, reaches flood in August, and ebbs 



84 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

away in September and October was now invading 
and overflowing our borders. Guests arriving and de- 
parting almost daily by private and public convey- 
ances, and friends, old and new, greeting us in the 
highways, our homes, and at the old meeting-house. 

We were thankful to have raised enough provender 
to satisfy the pangs of foreign hunger, and the con- 
stant death-cry of the spring chicken was heard in 
the land. 

It was a pleasant fact that many of these guests 
were not strangers, but our own people, who had wan- 
dered far and wide, returning joyfully to their birth- 
place. 

Sandy Spring is rich in outlying colonies. We have 
them in Washington, Baltimore and Staunton, Vir- 
ginia; in Philadelphia, Germantown, Swarthmore, 
York. Pa. ; in Xew York ; in Lawrence, Medford and 
Pittsfield, Mass.; Minneapolis, Minnesota; St. Louis 
and Weston, Missouri ; in Michigan, Denver and Col- 
orado Springs, Col. ; Sacramento and Yuba City, 
Cal. ; Atlanta, Ga. ; and the Sandwich Islands. 

From the North, South, East and West, come dele- 
gates to tread again the paths of youth, and drink once 
more from the old familiar spring. 

How often in this, as in every country place, has 
the old story been repeated. 

"An old farm house, with pastures wide, 

Sweet with flowers on every side; 

A restless lad who looks without 

The porch, with wood vine twined about, 

Wishes a thought within his heart — 

Oh, if I only eould depart, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 85 

From this dull place the world to see, 
Ah, me! how happy I would be!" 

"Amid the city's ceaseless din, 
A man who round the world has been, 
Who 'mid the tumult and the throng, 
Is thinking, wishing, all day long, 
'Oh, could I only tread once more 
The field-path to the farm-house door, 
The old green meadows could I see, 
Ah, me! Qiow happy would I be!' " 

Seventh month, 28th. Edith, daughter of J. Janney 
and Helen Shoemaker, was born. 

Seventh month, 31st. Anna Leggett, daughter of 
Joseph, jr., and Estelle T. Moore, was born. 

Eighth month, 2d. An entertainment was given 
at the Lyceum for the benefit of a charity in Alexan- 
dria. Caroline H. Miller delivered an interesting in- 
troductory, and Henry C. Hallowell read an original 
poem. 

Ninth month, 1st, 2d, and 3rd, the weather was 
most propitious for holding the Rockville Fair, which 
was largely attended, the exhibit notably good, es- 
pecially as regarded the display of stock. The pens 
were crowded with Jersey, Durham, and Holstein 
cattle, many of them thoroughbred, with imposing 
pedigrees. 

Seventeen premiums were awarded to Rockland, 
alone, for various products, and many others distrib- 
uted among our people. 

Eighth month, 31st. A severe earthquake occurr- 
ed on the southeastern coast of the continent, al- 
most destroying the City of Charleston, and giving 
Sandy Spring a perceptible shake. 



66 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

For more than a week afterwards repeated shocks 
occurred in the south, many of them distinctly felt in 
our section. 

One of the newspapers, strong on statistics, assert- 
ed that 27,000 women arose in af right, on the earth- 
quake night, convinced there was a man in the room. 
The strong-minded females in our neighborhood at- 
tributed the shaking to a dog under the bed, or the 
passing of a heavy wagon. 

Ninth month, 9th. The Horticultural exhibit which 
had been omitted the previous year, was a very great 
success. The weather in the morning was extremely 
threatening, but as we have always been greatly fav- 
ored in that respect, the people were encouraged to 
bring their products of the field, garden and house, 
and in the afternoon it cleared beautifully. The dis- 
play was unusually good, and a large assembly en- 
joyed the show, as well as mingling with friends from 
all parts of the neighborhood and county. 

Excellent speeches were made by the president. 
Henry C. Hallowell, Francis Miller, C. R. Harts- 
horne, John M. Smith and Admiral Jouett. 

Xinth month, 15th. A very rainy day, but two 
hundred visitors from the neighboring Granges of Ol- 
ney, Liberty Grove, and Glenwood, assembled to as- 
sist Worthy Master Murray, of Maryland State 
Grange, in the ceremony of dedicating the new hall 
of Brighton Grange. 

In less than nine months, the whole preparatory 
work of agreeing on plans, securing money, and mak- 
ing contracts, as well as the actual labor of the mason*, 
carpenter and painter was done. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 87 

The hall is two stories, with grange room, and ante- 
rooms above, and public hall below, and part of its 
foundation rests on the site of a "chapel of ease," 
erected by permission of the British Government in 
1758, and which was afterwards destroyed by a 
storm. 

This was the first place of worship built in this part 
of the county, and the church as well as the state, was 
supported by a general tax on the people, which tax 
was paid in tobacco. 

Speeches were made by Henry C. Hallowell, Mr. 
Murry, Dr. Hutton, C. R. Hartshorne and others, 
and an appropriate closing was given to the occa- 
sion by the reading of a historical sketch of the loca- 
tion of the new hall and immediate neighborhood by 
the Hon. A. B. David. 

The soft September air or some other influence, 
seemed to bring the people together oftener than usu- 
al, in outdoor assemblies, for on Ninth month, 23rd, a 
large temperance meeting was held at the Lyceum, 
and in the adjoining grove a large audience listened, 
with interest and benefit, to excellent addresses, made 
by Frank and Caroline Miller, Mrs. Riley and Ed- 
win Higgins, of Baltimore, and Mrs. Washington, of 
Vermont. 

About this time the farmer with the products of 
the farm all gathered, was able to sum up the profits 
and losses of the year, and was obliged to contem- 
plate the result with a face almost as long as the rest 
of his body. 

The unprecedented rains of May, June and July had 
added greatly to the cost of planting and harvesting 



88 ANXALS OF SAXDY SPKTNG. 

his crops, while lessening their value. Hay was abun- 
dant in quantity, but poor in quality ; wheat, corn and 
potatoes were all short, and the yield of fruit less than 
usual. Chestnuts and walnuts were very scarce, and 
the most persevering schoolboy could hardly have 
gathered a pint of chinquapins in an afternoon. Cer- 
tainly it was a season w T hen, if ever, the agriculturist 
could, with propriety, revel in gloom. 

Tenth month, 19th. Charles F. Kirk and Annie 
Brooke were married, by Friends' ceremony, at 
Brooke Grove. After a trip through Virginia the 
young couple settled in a portion of Fair Hill house, 
which had been comfortably renovated for the event. 

Early in this month a Good Templar's Lodge was 
established at Olney, mainly through the exertions of 
Edith Farquhar and Mary Magruder. Dr. William E. 
Magruder was elected Chief Templar. Its member- 
ship numbers eighty, and it has exerted a beneficial in- 
fluence. 

On Tenth month, 19th, after nearly a year of sick- 
ness and suffering, Mary B. Hall, wife of E. J. Hall, 
entered into rest. 

Inheriting many of the strong characteristics of her 
father, Roger Brooke, of Brooke Grove, she was of a 
most hospitable and energetic nature, and her life had 
been full of kindness and benevolence to all around 
her. 

In the midst of untiring industry, she found time 
for extensive reading of the better class of books, and 
her literary taste was excellent. 

Her interests were many and varied, and her cheer- 
fulness and humor made her a delightful companion 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 89 

to old and young. Her illness had been borne with, 
fortitude, and no murmurs or repinings passed her 
lips in all the long months of utter dependence on de- 
voted relations and friends. 

On the morning of the 21st, in the presence of a 
large concourse, she was laid in the family enclosure 
at Longwood, amid the flowers she had so carefully 
tended and loved. 

Eleventh month, 18th. At the residence of the 
bride, by the Rev. John R. Cadden, Lewis W. Steer, 
of Philadelphia, was married to Virginia L. Holland, 
of this place. 

Eleventh month, 21st. The barn and outbuildings 
at Ingleside were burnt very early in the morning. 
Crops and horses were destroyed, but the loss was 
fortunately nearly covered by insurance. 

Eleventh month, 24th, at St. Bartholomew's 
Church, Montgomery County, by the Rev. Dr. Hut- 
ton, assisted by the Rev. William W. H. Laird, 
Charles R. Hartshorne and Ella M. Lansdale, were 
married. 

Twelfth month, 8th. Mr. Bukofsky, our harness- 
maker at Sandy Spring, died after a lingering illness. 

Always an invalid, his industry was marked, and he 
had the prudent forethought to insure his life, and was 
thus enabled to leave his faithful wife in comfortable 
circumstances. 

Twelfth month, 12th. Mildred H., daughter of 
John C. and Cornelia H. Bentley, was born. 

Twelfth month, 24th. Ernest Iddings and Miss 
Minnie Rust, of Washington, were married. The 
young couple are located at Elton. 



9U ANNIAJL'S OF SAXDY SPRING. 

Twelfth month, 20th. Helen S., daughter of Sam- 
uel and Florence Wetherald, was born. 

Twelfth month, 24th. Christmas Eve, our vener- 
able friend, Rebecca Russell, attained her hundreth 
year. Many persons visited her on this memorable 
birthday, and enjoyed her bright and interesting con- 
versation ; and some time after, this remarkable old 
lady went out sleighing. As an encouragement to 
our illustrious spinster band, the most careful re- 
search has failed to find a married woman in this vi- 
cinity who ever lived to be a century old. 

First month, 1st, 1887, passed quietly, with but little 
social visiting or formal calls. 

Charles Lamb says, that no one ever regarded the 
first of January with indifference. "To muse and 
moralize upon that day is human ; but, in truth, even- 
day is a new year's day, and should afford a pros* 
pect, or a retrospect ; should be a day of remem- 
brance, or a feast of hope/' 

First month, 23rd. Maurice L., son of Edward N. 
and Hallie C. Bentley, was born. 

The Farmers' Convention held at the Lyceum on 
First month, 18th, was one of the largest and most 
animated ever held, notwithstanding the severity of 
the weather. The president, Henry* C. Hallowell, in 
his opening address called the attention of his audi- 
ence to the vast area of undeveloped land in the Uni- 
ted States, and the fact that the American farmer fail- 
ed to exercise those small economies that make, in 
a large degree, the prosperity of the foreign tiller of 
the soil. While we import eerers by the millions, and 
cabbage by the ship load, there is room for greater 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 91 

watchfulness and care in so-called little things that 
make up the great aggregates. 

Various committees reported on railroad cross- 
ings, protection of sheep, diseases of cattle, taxa- 
tion, agricultural experiment stations, etc. Re- 
ports were read by Dr. Mahlon Kirk, secretary of the 
Senior Club, by Benjamin H. Miller, secretary of the 
Enterprise Club, and Allan Farquhar, secretary of 
the Montgomery Club. Much discussion followed on 
those topics agreed upon, namely : How can we make 
our farms pay better? Would the adoption of the 
township system be advisable in Maryland? Can we 
lessen the acreage of corn to advantage? How much 
improved machinery should a farmer purchase, etc. ? 

A pleasant and profitable day was passed, the in- 
ner man being sustained by a bountiful lunch, pro- 
vided by the Clubs' wives and daughters, to whom a 
vote of thanks was unanimously tended. 

Second month, 17th. William Henry Farquhar 
passed away in his seventy-fourth year. He was the 
son of Amos Farquhar, of Carroll County, Md., and 
Mary Elgar, of Montgomery County. 

The Farquhars were of Scotch descent, and of 
strongly-marked characteristics ; some of that name 
are prominent in naval circles, and others have been 
in public life. Amos Farquhar was a farmer in com- 
fortable circumstances, but was induced to engage 
in tioitton manufacturing in York, Pa., where William 
Henry Farquhar, was born in 1813. The venture was 
unprofitable, and the family returned to Maryland, 
and settled in Sandy Spring, when the subject of this 



92 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

sketch was eleven years old, and where he ever after 
resided. 

His devoted and helpful wife was a daughter of 
Isaac Briggs, a friend of Jefferson's, who appointed 
him to assist in surveying the then new Louisana 
Purchase. 

William Henry Farquhar was a student from ear- 
liest years, and numerous anecdotes are told of his 
precosity and fondness for books. He completed his 
education, with his brother-in-law, Benjamin Hal- 
lowell, in Alexandria, Virginia, and afterwards assist- 
ed him in his large and influential school. He was de- 
signed for the law, but a threatened weakness of eye- 
sight caused an abandonment of this design. He be- 
came then a farmer and teacher, and was soon promi- 
nently identified with the educational interests of 
Montgomery County. 

In connection with his sister, Mary W. Kirk, he 
reestablished Fair Hill boarding-school, where there 
were at one time fifty boarders. 

He was the president of the board of school com- 
missioners, county surveyor, a civil engineer of the 
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, 
president of the Sandy Spring lyceum, one of the 
original directors of The Mutual Fire Insurance Co., 
promoter of the turnpike from Ashton to Olney (af- 
terwards consolidated with the union pike, of which 
he was a director), a candidate for the State Senate, an 
influential member of the grange, director in the San- 
dy Spring savings institution, and taker of the census 
on two occasions. He was historian for twenty 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 93 

years, the result having been given in the "Annals of 
Sandy Spring." 

These various positions indicate the value placed 
upon his services by his fellow-citizens, and his inter- 
est in everything tending to advance the welfare of 
his county. His opinion was frequently sought by his 
neighbors, who had great confidence in his judgment. 

He was a successful farmer, having, without capital, 
converted a barren and forbidding tract into a pro- 
ductive and profitable farm. His views were always 
rather in advance of his friends, particularly on the 
subject of African slavery, education, and reforms 
generally, but without bigotry, granting to others the 
liberty of opinions that he claimed for himself. 

He was a forcible writer, expressing himself flu- 
ently with the pen, and his literary honesty was ab- 
solute. Always a devourer of books, with a mind well 
stored, yet ever with the thirst of true knowledge, ac- 
quiring more. 

He was for half a century the intellectual center 
of the community. In character, he was pure and 
childlike, of unimpeachable integrity, of the strictest 
veracity, and a warm, social disposition. His pupils, 
scattered far and wide, retained the sincerest affection 
and esteem for him. 

One who had known him for many years, remarked 
that he had never heard him utter one word that 
might not have been said in the presence of his wife 
or daughter; and with this testimony to the refine- 
ment of his heart, we leave him enshrined in the 
grateful memories of those who were made better 
and happier by his long and useful life. 



H4 ANNALS OF SA2sDY SPUING. 

The three winter months were made memorable by 
a succession of dark days, bitter cold, and frequent 
storms. The fortunate few, perhaps, fled to the cities 
and escaped some of the discomforts inseparable from 
a winter in the country. These very discomforts 
enable the home life to deepen. The season indoors 
seems just to reverse the order of outward seasons; 
plans gather vigor, and we bend ourselves toi the hard 
intellectual work of the year. The winter brings 
heart and mind to their full force and growth. Na- 
ture's winter often seems the human summer time; 
then spring begins to make us languid, and the 
busy summer of earth life brings to ourselves a 
pause and rest and comparative inertness. 

So as nature is resting and sleeping outdoors, in- 
doors it is all action — hands oftener meet hands in 
works of service, and friends are drawn closer to 
friends. The book comes forth in the long evening, 
the story-telling begins, the fathers and mothers 
gather the children around their knees by the cheer- 
ful blaze, that blaze, itself the sunshine of old springs 
and summers in the far-off past. 

While the citizen, in his close environment of 
bricks and mortar, his endless distraction, has eternal 
rumble and noise of teeming life and traffic, commis- 
erates us in our frozen solitudes, we in turn find ad- 
vantages in a "leisure," which Socrates says is the 
finest of all possessions, and in an isolation which 
should increase and strengthen every resource of 
mind and memory. 

Third month, 4th. Elsie Brooke, daughter of 
Frank and Fannie Snowden, was born. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 95 

Third month, 25th. William L. Kinnard, aged 
eighty years, dropped dead in his field, while plowing 
his first furrough in the morning. 

A native of Pennsylvania, he had dwelt here many 
years, and was a man of integrity. He was a strong 
advocate of temperance, frequently speaking in pub- 
lic on that subject. 

Third month, 29th. A tenant house on Fair Hill 
farm burned to the ground with considerable loss to 
its inmates of clothing and bedding. 

Third month, 31st. Benjamin W. Hallowell Mur- 
ry, the bright and interesting little son of James and 
Bridget Murry, died of that dreaded disease, scarlet 
fever. His parents had earnest sympathy in this severe 
affliction. 

On the last day of April, we did not exactly have 
the "flowers that bloom in the spring," but a deep 
snow that gave us as wintery a landscape as any we 
had enjoyed through the past six months. 

On that evening the young ladies and gentlemen 
from the manor gave an excellent entertainment at 
the lyceum for the benefit of the library. A series 
of beautiful tableaux, and a well-acted play, delighted 
a small, but appreciative, audience with a closing 
scene, illustrating the sad, sad state of Sandy Spring 
society. The curtain rolled up disclosing a brave, but 
solitary youth surrounded by at least fifteen atten- 
tive young ladies. 

Besides the Grange Hall at Brighton, in the past 
year, R. Rowland Moore's house was completed and 
occupied. 

Thomas Lea built a comfortable home at Eldon. 



96 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Additions and improvements have been made at 
Alloway and "The Cedars," and wind mills and water 
introduced at both of these places and at Sunset. 
The old homestead at Fair Hill has almost a new 
interior, while retaining its outward characteristics. 

Admiral Jouett has made various improvements 
at "The Anchorage," and it would be difficult to find 
the Fulford beneath the skillful changes and adorn- 
ments, that have beautified this pleasant home. 

Our only and original Sandy Spring admiral has, 
with his usual generosity, started a zoological garden 
by the importation of a wild African pig. It is ru- 
mored about that no husband should be without one, 
for so terrifying is this uncivilized porker to the fem- 
inine heart, that the mandate "turn out the pig!" 
clears the whole surrounding county of female society, 
and leaves the distinguished naval officer a veritable 
Robinson Crusoe in an uninhabited space. 

Mr. Henderson has added greatly, by expensive 
machinery, to his milling facilities. 

Samuel Bond bought land and built a new store on 
the Brookeville pike, near Norbeck. 

The historian's suggestion of last year, that a new 
structure be built to the modern glass doors of the 
old Sandy Spring store, is about to be adopted, and 
as our neighborhood has, with its usual shrinking 
modesty, gone ahead in so many things, we hope, when 
this new emporium is finished, to make Wanamaker 
tremble. 

An important prospect which should interest all our 
people is the new library. The money has been sub- 
scribed and the foundation dug, on which to erect a 



ANNAIiS OF SANDY SPRING. 97 

neat and suitable building. If all the "Old Bachelors" 
in Sandy Spring, would rise to the occasion and liber- 
ally endow this good work with sufficient means to 
make it a real success, there is not, I feel sure, a 
single unappropriated blessing in the whole communi- 
ty who would not obligate herself to keep their mem- 
ories green forever. 

Charles R. Hartshorne bought property from Rich- 
ard I. Lea, and George L. Stabler, making a con- 
siderable addition to Leawood farm. 

Thomas J. Lea sold his farm to Edmund Boswell, 
and his meadow to Edward Gilpin, 

Added to the fourteen clubs and societies already es- 
tablished, and in working order, this year has pro- 
duced still another, called "The Social Religious Cir- 
cle," for the dissemination of Friends' principles, and 
more thorough knowledge of the same, especially 
among the young. 

Llewellen Massey and family moved to Staunton, 
Va., where he has established a boarding school. 

Walter Scott and wife moved to Baltimore. 

Charles Palmer, A. M., a graduate of Swarthmore 
College, has taken charge of Sherwood Academy. The 
assistant teachers are Fanny E. Hartley, Alice T> 
Stabler and Sarah T. Moore. 

Roger Brooke graduated at the University of 
Maryland, and received his diploma of M. D. 

The two important corporations of the neighbor- 
hood, "The Mutual Fire Insurance Company and The 
S^ndy Spring Savings Institution, show an increasing 
prosperity, notwithstanding the depression in farrrir 
ing interests. 



98 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

The Fire Insurance Company had an unusual 
amount of losses, all of which were promptly met. 

The Savings Institution has received, in the past 
year, over seven thousand dollars from depositors, 
and there is now to their credit over $220,000, in this 
useful institution. 

"The mellowing hours of passing time" have again 
brought me to the close of another year's history, 
with its lights and shadows, its smiles and tears, its 
outside interests, its closer every day home-life. 

I have often been asked in far off sections, if Sandy 
Spring was a large town, or a village, and I have al- 
ways said it was unique in being neither, but most 
emphatically a "neighborhood." 

When we analyze that word, we find that "neigh- 
bor" is from the Anglo Saxon, signifying near or in- 
timate, "one whose abode is not distant," "hood" is 
from a word signifying, state or degree. Therefore, 
neighborhood means a close community of near or 
intimate people living on adjoining estates. Burke 
says there is a "law of neighborhood that does not 
leave a man perfectly master on his own ground." 
and certainly we are so closely connected here, by the 
ties of kinship or of friendship, that we are greatly de- 
pendent one on the other, for nearly all the comforts 
and good cheer of life. The joys and pleasures of one 
household are shared by many, and especially when 
sickness or death spreads its anxiety or distress over 
one family, all stretch out the helping hand, or offer 
words of sympathy and love. 

I have heard that in all the rope used in the Brit- 
ish Navy, there is woven a bright red strand, so that 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 99 

wherever an inch of it is found, it can be recognized. 

Would it not be well for all our people, either by 
birthright or adoption, to cultivate a certain pride of 
neighborhood, a standard of moral and mental ex- 
cellence, a forbearance and charity for each other, 
that should be the red strand, the prominent trait 
whereby we might be indentified as Sandy Spring 
people? 

The traveler tells us, that over the triple doorways 
of the Cathedral of Milan, there are three inscriptions 
spanning the splendid arches. 

Over one is carved a beautiful wreath of roses, and 
underneath is the legend, "All that which pleases is 
only for a moment ; over the other is a sculptured 
cross, and there are the words, "All that which trou- 
bles is only for a moment;" underneath the grand 
central entrance in the main aisle is the inscription, 
"That only is which is eternal." 

Each year we gather some of the roses of life and in- 
hale their sweet fragrance, and we are called upon at 
times to taste the cup of sorrow and to pass under the 
rod. 

Each day we should practice truth, and affection 
and charity, for these indeed are alone eternal. 






100 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 



CHAPTER V. 

From Fourth Month, 1887, to Fourth Mouth, 1S88. 

Baseball and excursions — Long - , cold winter — Terrible 
blizzard, roads blocked — Moncure D. Conway and Mrs. 
Zeralda Wallace lectured — Five railroads projected — 
Obituaries of Mary Wetherald. Francis Miller and 
Elizabeth Fowler. 

If a nation is happy and fortunate that makes no 
history Sandy Spring may be considered among the 
blessed in the past year. 

My notes were indeed few and far between, and 
when I began to amplify them I determined to peti- 
tion in future to be allowed a poet's license, the im- 
agination of the novelist, or the erratic fancy of the 
modern advertiser. 

The historian is forbidden to paint the lily white, or 
to gild refined gold ; strict veracity, the narrow limits 
of unvarnished truth, must make the narrative of any 
value. 

Facts have indeed been "stubborn" things to deal 
with since the world began, and unless my good 
friends and neighbors before me will consent to fur- 
nish me with extraordinary deeds or wonderful 
achievements, I am compelled to offer them year after 
year the same old hash, hoping for a little variety in 
the seasoning. 

Even the spring of 1887 was one of those average 
seasons that refuses to be commented on. We were 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPKING. 101 

not amazed by a premature outburst of vegetation, 
nor made weary by long waiting for the first green 
leaf. The grass grew, the trees budded at the usual 
time, in the usual manner; and usual things, as every 
one knows, are prosaic and uninteresting. 

The 12th of Fourth month, 1887, was, however, a 
delightful balmy day, and on that afternoon many 
relatives and friends from this vicinity, and from New 
York, Baltimore and Richmond, assembled at Nor- 
wood to witness the Friends' form of marriage cere- 
mony between Mary L. Moore and Jos. W. Tilton, of 
Jenkintown, Penna., where the young couple went to 
live. 

Fifth month, 18th. Walter Thomas, of Baltimore, 
was married by Episcopal ceremony to Mary Elli- 
cott, at her home, Brooke Meadow. 

In this month, Madam Neyman lectured at the 
lyceum, on "woman's suffrage," in her intelligent 
and interesting manner. 

Sixth month, 4th. Henry Tyson, son of R. Row- 
land and Margaret G. T. Moore, was born. 

Many strangers attended our Quarterly Meeting, 
the second week in June. An unusual proportion of 
young people were present, srood order and quiet pre- 
vailed, and it was a season of social and religious en- 
joyment to all. 

Rainy and unseasonable weather continued through 
this month to the detriment of outdoor work, and 
the dismay of the farmer, who was, however, thereby 
provided with his customary grievance, and enabled to 
blame the elements in his peculiar and time-honored 
fashion. 



102 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Charles Dickens, who knew as little about the tiller 
of the soil, and made as few allusions to country life, 
as almost any other author, said : "The Farmers ! it is 
surprising how much ruin they will bear, every sea- 
son is the worst season known." 

The Seventh month was characterized by extreme 
heat, the mercury ranged persistently from 90 to 
ioo°, day after day, and week after week, until ex- 
istence was merged into a vain endeavor to keep cool. 
Many of our inhabitants fled away to mountain or 
seashore, and safe in their temperate zones, could 
hardly credit the scorching letters and red-hot postal 
cards sent them from home. 

Nine of our young ladies determined to have va- 
riety without money and without price, and to secure 
change of scene where no other change was needed, 
so they camped in an unoccupied house, at the junc- 
tion of our two great rivers, the Hawlings and Pa- 
tuxent. For a week they enjoyed, to the full, the 
pleasures of a female republic, the excitement of liv- 
ing from hand to mouth, and doing their own cook- 
ing, and the visits of one hundred and ninety-eight 
guests, only those being expected to stay to meals 
who had prudently brought their provender with 
them, after the fashion extant in some cities in Ger- 
many, where the self-invited visitor is followed by a 
servant, bearing the requisite meal, a veritable 
"Dutch treat." 

Numerous gentlemen thronged the camrj, presum- 
edly with the laudable object of discovering how little 
a girl could live on. 

Breaking camp and crossing the river on the re- 



AiKTNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 103 

turn home was not unattended with adventure, the 
waters having risen to such height these fair dam- 
sels had to be carried over the flood after the manner 
of "Coming through the Rye" in Scotland, but un- 
fortunately your historian was not present to mentally 
photograph the result of the portage. 

Eighth month, 13th, after a painful and lingering ill- 
ness, Mary Wetherald died in her seventy-sixth year. 
Her long life had been replete with the unvarying 
round of domestic duties, and while she seldom went 
beyond the confines of her home, or neighborhood, 
she was a persistent and intelligent reader, and an ex- 
cellent French scholar, and the best society the world 
afforded came to her in the shape of books. 

She might, with truth, have repeated the words of an 
English lady, who wrote many years ago, "Here in 
the country my books are my sole occupation, my 
sure refuge and solace from frivolous cares. Books 
are the calmers as well as the instructors of the mind." 

Perhaps that person is most missed from the home 
circle, whose life has been passed closely within its 
limits, and her inseparable companion and sister had 
much sympathy in her loss. 

Eighth month, 31st. Catherine, daughter of John 
and Kate V. Thomas, was born. 

If "piety is the blessing of the house, hospitalitv 
the honor of the house, cleanliness the ornament of 
the house, contentment the happiness of the house, 
let us hope the numerous visitors that thronged San- 
'dy Spring, in August, found all these desirable 
characteristics within our homes. 

Riding parties, tea companies, baseball matches, 



104 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

excursions to the Great Falls of Potomac, to Wash- 
ington, and Mt. Vernon, were the order of the day. 
A very successful entertainment, consisting of tab- 
leaux and music, was given at the Lyceum, and if we 
could not rival the variety of city amusement, we were 
at least enabled to give our guests something differ- 
ent from what the town afforded. 

Our gardens, fortunately, yielded abundantly but it 
was almost the worst fruit year ever known. Some 
orchards did not produce a single peck of apples. 
Peaches were a memory of the past, and the berries 
and small fruits were very few and of inferior quality. 

Ninth month, 17th. Benjamin H. and Sarah T. 
Miller celebrated their silver wedding. Over two hun- 
dred persons, many from a distance, assembled at 
their pleasant home. Mt. Airy, and enjoyed a memor- 
able occasion. 

Like the sudden blighting of some rare flower was 
the announcement. Ninth month, 21st, of the death 
of Anna Leggett, infant daughter of Jos. T., jr., and 
Estelle Tyson Moore. Xamed for her grandmother, 
this lovely babe had been the center and solace of a 
bereaved family all her little life. Her perfect health, 
her winning ways, her rosy, sparkling face, had en- 
deared her to many hearts, who shared the anguish 
of her parents and relations in this great and unex- 
pected trial. 

"Her limit of life was brief, 
'Twas the red in the red rose leaf. 
'Twias the gold in the sunset sky. 
'Twas the flight of a bird on hifrh. 
Yet she filled her cradle's space 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 105 

With such a perfect grace, 
That the reel will vein all time, 
The gold through long years shine, 
The birds fly swift and straight, 
To memory's open gate." 

Although we have many good Samaritans who la- 
bor within our borders, we have not sent many mis- 
sionaries to foreign lands, but in this month, Wor- 
thington Waters, son of our friend, Z. D. Waters, 
went on a religious mission to China, and Lucy Faw- 
cett started for India, but being unable to accom- 
plish this long journey, returned homeward as far as 
Halifax, where she now has charge of an orphan 
asylum. 

On 4th day afternoon, Tenth month, 5th, Joseph T. 
Moore and Eliza N. Bentley were married by 
Friends' ceremony at Bloomfield. The lady in this 
instance went to live in the old homestead, which her 
great-great-grandfather, Richard Thomas, built for 
his son Samuel Thomas, about 1751 . 

Tenth month, 22d. Walter Lea and Lucy Snow- 
den were married in the church at Olney, by Episco- 
pal ceremony, Rev. W. H. Laird, officiating. The 
bride and groom left immediately for New York City, 
where they will reside. 

Seventy persons, old and young, attended Balti- 
more Yearly Meeting, Tenth month, 29th. 

It was an interesting occasion from the fact that 
the old Lombard Street Meeting House had been 
sold, and before another year Friends, would be in- 
stalled in a new building erected in quite a distant 
section of the city. A number of the older couples* 



106 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

in our neighborhood were married in this meeting- 
house in Baltimore, as was then the custom, such 
ceremonies being now almost universally performed 
at home. 

A long, hard winter seemed to come on us in Nov- 
ember, and to abide with us for many months. Storms 
were frequent, cold often intense, and clear, sunny 
days most rare. With coal stoves for warmth and 
comfort, an open fire or two for beauty and senti- 
ment, with an amount of clothing our ancestors would 
have deemed entirely superfluous, we were enabled to 
defy the icy touch of the cold and cheerless winter. 

Christmas often unites those whom distance severs, 
and was enlivened this year by many festivities in hon- 
or of the return home of our Sandy Spring girls and 
- from school and college. 

First month, nth. Ulric Hutton and Alary Jan- 
ney were married at Black Meadow by Episcopal 
ceremony, Rev. Orlando Hutton officiating. Many 
handsome presents were received, and the young 
couple, after a northern trip, located on a farm near 
Brookeville. 

Second month, 2d. After a painful and lingering 
malady, which excited the sympathy of all, our es- 
teemed friend and neighbor, Francis Miller, passed 
away, in his fifty-ninth year. 

Born in Alexandria, Virginia, he graduated at Yale 
in 1852 and removed to Stanmore in 1858, and es- 
tablished a successful school for boys at that place; 
afterwards, he studied law under A. G. Riddle in 
Washington, and practiced his profession in that city, 



AiNNAIiS OF SANDY SPRING. 107 

and at the time of his death was employed on many 
important and lucrative cases. 

From 1877 to 1885 he was assistant United States 
attorney for the District, and took high rank as a 
lawyer of talent, learning and courage. 

He was actively instrumental in having Congress 
remove the toll on the Seventh street road from 
Washington to Sligo, and argued before the com- 
missioners of the District for making 2,000 pounds a 
ton. 

He was the third president and director of the San- 
dy Spring Lyceum Company, lectured repeatedly in 
its hall, and first suggested a historian. 

He was one of the twenty-six gentlemen who met 
in 1868 to incorporate a savings bank, and became one 
of its directors, which position he soon relinquished, 
owing to duties in Washington, and was reelected di- 
rector in 1884, which office he held at the time of his 
death. 

He was a true friend of the colored race, a sincere 
temperance advocate, a firm believer in woman suf- 
frage. 

He was one of the most widely-known and earnest 
republican workers in Maryland, and was almost in- 
variably a delegate to the county and state conven- 
tions of his party. He several times ran for office, al- 
ways leading a forlorn hope against a democratic ma- 
jority. 

In 1881 he was nominated for chief justice of this 
district against the late Judge Ritchie, and was de- 
feated by a very few votes. 

In 1885, he ran for Comptroller, and in November 



10S ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

last, was republican nominee for Attorney-General, 
and endured the wearying journeys and exposures of 
a campaign while a fatal disease was sapping his en- 
ergies and shortening his life. 

In speaking thus fully of his public career, I would 
not lose sight of his private excellence. Those who 
were nearest to him can testify to his untiring devo- 
tion and kindness to wife and children, and the cheer- 
ful and pleasant characteristics of his home life. 

One associated with him politically said, "The 
years had brought to him, what ought to be the fer- 
vent prayer of us all, to find, at the close of the long 
struggle with ourselves and circumstances, a disposi- 
tion to happiness, a composed spirit, to which time 
had made things clear, an unrebellious temper, and 
hopes undimmed for mankind." 

His funeral, which occurred on Second month, 4th, 
a most inclement day, was largely attended by his 
neighbors, and many relatives from a distance. 

Among other tributes offered to his memory was 
the following feeling one from his life-long friend and 
brother-in-law, H. C. H. 

"There is an unwritten law that at times like this 
any one from a full heart may pay a tribute to de- 
parted worth. I have known our dear friend and 
brother intimately from earliest childhood as student, 
in social intercourse, in business relations, and in 
double ties of marriage, and yet have I never heard 
him utter an impure word, 11 r known him speak or 
act a falsehood, nor do a selfish or mean thing. 

"Of commanding intellect, and much learning, he 
was srentle as a child. Earnest in his convictions, and 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 109 

forcible in expressing them, he was ever open to the 
admission of truth. Speaking but little of serious 
things, he yet had a deeply reverential nature, and 
showed his religion in his life. His aim was to do his 
duty here, and he would be the first to reprove us 
were we to let this great shadow darken our lives. 

"We look abroad, and though desolation rules the 
scene, and the landscape is chilled with snow, we 
know that the flowers will bloom again, and the for- 
ests be clothed with beauty. So we must again let 
sunshine into our hearts and go upon our daily 
rounds, purified and ennobled by our sorrow, making 
others happy, and becoming happy ourselves by un- 
selfishly ministering to those about us. 

"During the long days, and weeks, and months, 
that our dear brother lay in the toils of a fatal disease, 
his example was teaching us lessons of patience and 
cheerfulness. 

"Some of us who are comparatively well at times 
repine at temporary ailments, and are impatient and 
fretful to those who are near and dear to us. While 
our dear one was literally starving to death, when 
even the glass of milk failed to* nourish, or pure water 
to be retained, while he would see others going to 
seat themselves at the table, covered with the delica- 
cies of the season, and tempting to the palate, never 
once was heard to utter a murmur of complaint or 
a word of repining. His whole desire seemed to be, 
during the heavy hours of suffering and waiting, to 
save trouble to his attendants, and to keep them in 
heart. Appreciating every attention, flashing at 
times those little pleasantries so familiar to those in- 



110 ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 

timate with him, he slowly drifted away, his great 
intellect unclouded, his great heart untouched. 

"But thirty-six hours before he died he wrote with 
his own hands a coherent and connected letter. 

"Before leaving his beloved home to seek medical 
advice he remarked he was prepared let it terminate 
as it might. Was not such a life fitly rounded by such 
a death ? Is not such a life worth living, such a death 
worth dying?" 

About this time in February we had a week of good 
sleighing to vary the monotony, and everybody took 
advantage of this mode of easy transit to pay their 
social debts in the way of calls, with no certainty of 
finding anybody at home. 

At Easter, Second month, 22d, Guion Miller and 
Annie Tyler were married at the residence of the 
bride's brother by Friends' ceremony. 

The young couple went to house-keeping in Wash- 
ington, where kind friends had arranged their rooms 
for them. 

In the latter part of February several good hus- 
bands in our midst, whose example is worthy of all 
emulation, went to Florida on a pleasure trip, taking 
their wives with them. They returned delighted with 
the land of flowers and sunshine, and Asa M. Stabler 
gave an impromptu account of the experiences of the 
party, one evening at the Lyceum, to an audience 
that was waiting for a lecturer who did not appear. 

Third month, 6th. Margaret, daughter of William 
and Annie Hallowell Riggs, was born. 

On ist day, Third month, nth, a great rain storm, 
which had started from California the previous week, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. Ill 

swept through the southern and western states, and 
had travelled up the Atlantic Coast, deluging the 
country and gathering fury in its path, encountered 
a cold wave in our latitude, and we passed in a mo- 
ment from a steady downpour to a howlng blizzard 
of wind and snow. 

For thirty-six hours the storm raged, until the 
toads were blocked by huge drifts; the mercury fell 
nearly to zero, and the piercing air, filled with icy par- 
ticles borne on the gale, made it almost dangerous to 
brave the outside tempest. The mail was carried on 
horseback four days before the Laurel road was pass- 
able for vehicles. 

While we were fortunate in suffering only incon- 
venience from the storm, in many sections farther 
north, people lost their lives in the great drifts. Trains 
were delayed for many hours, a milk and food famine 
was threatened in the cities. 

New York was cut off from the outside world, ex- 
cept by Atlantic cable, and had messages from Bos- 
ton by way of London. 

"The Washington Star," was issued entirely with- 
out telegraphic news. 

Business was prostrated, and the "oldest inhabi- 
tant" was too young to remember any storm like it 
before, and all the inhabitants, both old and young, 
were entirely satisfied that Dakota should hence- 
forth and forever keep her blizzards at home. 

Just seven days after this severe cold the mercury 
stood at 72 °, the snow had disappeared like magic, we 
had a sharp thunder-storm, and a discriminating flash 
of lightning struck the dome of the capitol at Wash- 



112 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ington, causing the house and senate to rise simul- 
taneously without waiting for a motion to do so, and 
even disturbing the serene dullness of the Supreme 
Court. 

There are, of course, many ways of interpreting this 
incident, but it must be pointed out by the historian 
that under no republican administration was a warn- 
ing of the elements called for. 

March gave us weather enough to have furnished 
Mark Twain with another "Collection" equal to the 
assortment he once found in New England. 

At Falkton, Dakota, Third month, 14th, Ella, 
daughter of Caroline Scott, was married to Olen Gus- 
tavus Reineger. Another example of the extreme 
danger of our young ladies going west, if they wish to 
remain single sisters. 

Third month, 18th. Mary Gillingham, daughter 
of Joseph T., jr., and Estelle Tyson Moore, was born. 

Third month, 26th. A memorable meeting of the 
"Horticultural" was held at Brooke Grove, and the 
quarter centennial of the society celebrated. 

Margaret B. Magruder furnished a comprehensive 
history of the twenty-five years since the fi st meet- 
ing was held at Francis Miller's suggestion. 

Edward Farquhar sent a short poem so good, as 
far as it went, that everyone regretted its brevity. 

H. C. Hallowell, the president, read a very beauti- 
ful original poem, in which the salutary effects of the 
work the horticultural has accomplished on our 
hearts and homes was pointed out, and very touching 
allusions made to the valued members, eight in num- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEI\(i. 113 

ber, who had passed into the higher life amid the 
ever-blooming gardens of Paradise. 

Sixteen families now belong to the organization, 
two having resigned, and the interest in the meetings 
seems unabated. 

It was particularly gratifying to all that the vener- 
able Sarah B. Farquhar should have braved the in- 
clement weather to meet with us. 

On the evening of Third month, 27th, a large audi- 
ence assembled at the Lyceum, in a pouring rain, to 
listen to a very delightful and instructive lecture from 
Moncure D. Conway on "The England of To-day." 

Third month, 29th. Elizabeth Fowler died sudden- 
ly in her sixty-sixth year. 

This industrious and estimable Friend was the main- 
stay of orphan and widowed nieces, and it can, with 
truth, be recorded of her life, "She hath done what 
she could," before she folded her tired hands for the 
long sleep. 

She was buried at Woodside cemetery, on the 'af- 
ternoon of the 31st. 

In the last week of March many of our people went 
to Washington to attend the "international council" 
of women. This was a brilliant assemblage of femi- 
nine wit, wisdom and grit. 

Representatives from India, from different countries 
of Europe, and from all over our own broad land, 
met in conclave to discuss all philanthropic subjects, 
and to note the progress made in the past fifty years. 

Women ministers, doctors, editors, lawyers, presi- 
dents of colleges and the woman master of Vineland 
Grange, and women workers representing hundreds 



114 AiN"NALS OF SAXDY SPBING. 

of crafts now opened to female industry, had their say 
with startling emphasis and freedom. 

The history of the world can furnish no similar 
event where thousands of wives, mothers and sisters 
met in behalf of temperance, education, morality and 
equal rights of citizenship for all women, as well as 
all mankind. 

Fourth month, 5th. Airs. Zerelda Wallace, dele- 
gate from Indiana to the international council at 
Washington, gave us a very fine address at the Ly- 
ceum on "Woman Suffrage," as effecting the tem- 
perance cause. 

This wonderful old lady of seventy-one years spoke 
with all the logical fluency of a lawyer, and all the 
vim of youth, and made addresses on four consecu- 
tive days at Ashton, Sandy Spring, Olney, and High- 
land, and on 1st day spoke in meeting in the morn- 
. and at the Friends' circle, in the afternoon. She 
i ; the stepmother of Gen. Lew Wallace, author of 
''Ben Hur," and the original of the beautiful mother 
character, depicted in that famous novel. 

The most important improvement in our midst in 
the past year is the completion of a neat library 
building opposite Sandy Spring postoffice. Alary 
Fowler has been appointed librarian. Many new 
books have been added, the old volumes gathered to- 
gether again, and a renewal of usefulness and inter- 
est is at hand. 

The library- was established nearly fifty years ago 
by W. H. Farquhar. Richard T. Bentley, Caleb Stab- 
ler and others, and the books were kept in a room ad- 
joining Sandy Spring store. A few years ago they 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 115 

were moved to Sherwood school, and are now in a 
suitable, pleasant place, accessible to all. 

The present generation, with its daily papers, fre- 
quent magazines, book clubs almost a surfeit of lit- 
erature, can form little idea of the pleasure and bene- 
fit the few hundred books, comprising the library, 
were to the generations gone or approaching middle 
age. It was certainly very solid, mental food offered 
to old and young alike, and I distinctly remember two 
very small girls, some thirty-five years ago, who were 
told, that if they would carefully peruse the several 
weighty volumns of Agnes Strickland's "Queens of 
England'' they might, as a reward, read one novel, 
the "Lamplighter," then just published ; no other 
work of fiction since has ever had just the same flav- 
or as this first taste of forbidden fruit. 

Henry Ward Beecher said, "How still and peaceful 
is a library. It seems quiet as the grave, tranquil as 
heaven, a cool collection of the thoughts of the men of 
all times, and yet approach and open the pages and 
you find them full of dissertations and disputes ; alive, 
with abuse and detractions, a huge many volumed 
satire upon man, written by himself. What a broad 
thing is a library ; all shades of opinions, reflected on 
its catholic bosom as the sunbeams and shadows of a 
summer's day upon the ample mirrors of a lake. 
Books are not made for furniture, but there is noth- 
ing else so beautifully furnishes a hou^e; the plainest 
row of books is more significant of refinement than 
the most elaborately carved chair or sideboard." 

Books are the windows through which the soul 
looks out. Children learn to read by being in their 



116 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

presence, and a little library, growing larger every 
year, is an honorable part of a man's history. It is not 
a luxury, but one of the necessaries of life." 

What an excellent thing it would be if some parti- 
cular date in the year could be set apart, like a feast 
or a saint's day, for returning all borrowed bocks to 
their owners ! 

There is a law in Japan, that on a certain day. if 
just obligations remain unpaid, the creditor can re- 
move the front door of the debtor and retain it until 
the debt is liquidated. If this custom prevailed here 
in regard to borrowed books how many of us would 
have the use of our own front doors at this very mo- 
ment? 

Your historian's suggestion that some one should 
build a store to the new glass doors, that seemed al- 
most a youthful impertinence en the face of the 
time-honored structure at Sandy Spring, has been 
acted on, and a convenient and commodious building 
has arisen by, and on the old foundation. 

An addition and change of front has altered Gid- 
eon Gilpin's house into a picturesque cottage. 

Outbuildings and shops have been erected at 
Philip Stabler's and J. T. Moore's junior. 

Two rooms have been added to the house occu- 
pied by Samuel Wetherald, at Ashton, and Admiral 
Jouett has still another attraction at the "Anchora: 
in the shape of a conservatory. Let us hope in the very 
distant future he will be the healthiest and finest cen- 
tury plant to be found in it. 

Mary, Annie and Alice Stabler, have purchased 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 117 

Maple Grove near Brighton, and rechristened it Glad- 
wyn. 

R. Rowland Moore bought land adjoining Amer- 
sley, from Frederick Stabler. 

As though last year's exodus of mankind was not 
sufficiently depressing to the numerous girls left be- 
hind them, I have to chronicle still other departures 
this year: 

Richard I. Lea has gone to Doylestown, Pa., to 
take charge of a fancy farm, and Joseph Gilpin has 
gone to Atlanta, Georgia, to live. 

George B. Miller, after many months at home and 
in health resorts, seeking a cure for a distressing mala- 
dy, returned to his situation in St. Louis, and with 
commendable spirit and determination, although still 
on crutches, resumed his business activity. 

In Buckles' comprehensive work, the "History of 
Civilization in England," occurs this sentence : "It 
is not merely the crimes of men which are marked by 
a uniformity of sequence, even the number of mar- 
riages annually contracted is determined not by the 
temper and wishes of individuals, but by large gen- 
eral facts. It is now known that marriages bear a 
fixed and definite relation to the price of corn, and in 
England the experience of a century has proved that 
instead of having any connection with personal feel- 
ings they are regulated by the average earnings of 
the great mass of the people, so that this immense 
social and religious institution is not only swayed, but 
is completely controlled, by the price of food and the 
rate of wages." 

Xow if this be true of corn in England, may it not 



118 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

» 

also be true of potatoes in Sandy Spring, and perhaps 

the unusual number of marriages recorded in the past 

year is all due to the 70,000 bushels of potatoes raised 

in this vicinity in 1887. 

"Xo more of your nonsense 
About oysters and fishes, 
And puddings and dumplings 
And delicate dishes — 
But give me the thing 
That is more to my wishes — 
I mean a good Irish potato. 

"The Dutchman contented, 
Will sit at his ease, 
To feast upon sauerkraut, 
Smearcase and cheese — 
But who in his senses 
Would meddle with these 

When he could get a good Irish potato? 

"The Yankees may praise 
Their sweet pumpkin pie, 
Their pork and molasses 
Together they fry; 
But all such strong food 
I gladly pass by, 

To dine upon Irish potato. 

"The Buckskins with pride 

May Tauntingly boast 

Of their fried and their bodied — 

Their baked and their roast — 

But, oh, how insipid 

The dainties they toast, 

When compared to an Irish potato! 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 119 

"When you see a damsel 
With cheeks like a rose, 
And eagerly courted 
By Sandy Spring- beaus — 

Without hesitation you straightway suppose, 
She was raised upon Irish potato." 

Apart from the large yield of tubers all other crops 
were poor, and, as the lamentations of Job, was the 
perpetual cry of "hard times" among the farmers, I 
must not omit, however, the immense quantity of rag- 
weed gathered by our enterprising friend, Charles 
Stabler. He not only cut all on his own place, but 
early and late his mower might be seen operating on 
his neighbors' farms, until every ill ragweed growing 
apace was laid low. 

He informs me that he found this new and original 
product excellent for bedding, and that sheep eat it 
readily. 

We now have five railroads running through and 
around us, — on paper. 

No. i. — From Washington to Frederick. 

No. 2. — Narrow gauge from Sandy Spring to 
Washington. 

No. 3. — Extension of Catonsville short line to 
Rockville by Ellicott City. 

No. 4. — Extension of the Harrisburg and Gettys- 
burg, from Gettysburg to Washington. 

No. 5. — Narrow gauge from Laurel to Olney, un- 
der charge of Montgomery club. 

Though the ground has not yet been broken, or the 
stock issued, or the president elected, where there is 
so much smoke, there must be some fire, and perhaps 



120 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

in the near future, our only difficulty will be to know 
which line to patronize. 

Those who are not presidents of the various roads, 
can be directors. Free passes will abound, the iron 
horse will draw our produce to market, our farms 
will soon be converted into town lots by this net- 
work of rails and we will become a suburb of Wash- 
ington. 

After many false alarms, and years of weary waiting, 
we will have an embarrassment of riches, and perhaps 
find ourselves in the trying position of that pious col- 
ored brother, who prayed fervently in a season of 
drought for rain to make his cabbage grow; pres- 
ently a flood descended and washed them all away, 
when he again fell on his knees and said, "O Lord, 
I did not ask thee for a flood, but only a gentle drizzle, 
drizzle." 

I have heard that time never passes as swiftly as 
when one has a promissory note to pay, and I can 
testify that this record of the year has much the same 
effect. 

The days, weeks and months, between the annual 
meetings, glide*by with lightning rapidity, and find me 
again confronting you wth a sinking heart and a 
promissory note in my hand. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes said, "There is nothing on 
earth that keeps its youth, so far as I know, but a tree 
and truth," and history may be compared to a grow- 
ing tree with its roots firmly embedded in the past; 
its sturdy trunk to the great events of life, birth, mar- 
riage, death, its limbs turning and twisting, crowding 
one upon the other, sometimes growing out of all 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 121 

symmetry to catch the light ; these are the circum- 
stances that surround and mould us, the tiny twigs 
and canopy of leaves ; these are the occupations, the 
comforts, the pleasures, the harmonious whole of life 
and its record. The flower and the fruit are our deeds, 
without which all else is of little value. 

Great men and great deeds are but few in the 
world's history, and the annals of a country neighbor- 
hood must deal largely with little things. 

Like the "tree and truth, " while my chronicle is 
always growing older, it is ever renewing its youth in 
those small events which make up, year after year, the 
sum of existence. 

We must bear in mind that while "trifles make per- 
fection, perfection is no trifle, and unless the little 
things are well dome, the broken thread, the dropped 
stitch here, and there, will mar and finally destroy all 
the beauty and utility of the web and woof of life. 

"Great deeds are trumpeted. 

Loud bells are rung, 

And men turn to see 

The high peaks eeho to the pean's song, 

O'er some great victory; 

And yet, great deeds are few — 

The mig'htiest men 

Find opportunities but now and then. 

"Shall man sit idle 

Through long days of peace, 

Waiting for walls to scale? 

Or lie in port until 

Some golden fleece 

Lures him to face the gale? 



122 AXXALS OF SANDY SPBXNG. 

There's work enough — why idly, then delay 
His works count most 
Who labors every day. 

"The bravest lives are those to duty wed, 

Whose deeds, both great and small 

Are close-knit strands 

Of one unbroken thread, 

Where Love enables all. 

The world may sound no trumpet, 

King no bells, 

In books of life the shining record tells." 



CHAPTER VI. 

From Fourth Month. 1888, to Fourth Month. 1- - 

Barn and outbuildings burned at Belmont — George Ken- 
nan, Moncure D. Conway and the Rev. J. S. Kieffer 
lectured — Many transfers of property — Obituaries of 
Henry Pierce, Sallie Lea, Mary L. Koberts, Mrs. Wash- 
ington B. Chichester. Mary Lea Stabler. Elma Paxon, 
John H. Strain, Sarah B. Farquhar. William S. Bond, 
Margaret B. Farquhar, Rebecca Russell and Deborah 
Brooke. 

All men and all women have their antipathies. 
James 1st could not look upon a glittering sword, 
Roger Bacon fainted at the sight of an apple ; and 
blank paper, about March and April, fills your "his- 
torian"' with antipathy and melancholy apprehension. 

There is an all-pervading sense that the "Annual 
Meeting" is approaching. I feel it in the March 
winds. I know it by every expanding bud and grow- 
ing grass blade. 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING 123 

As the full moon of April rolls nearer, and nearer, 
I become more and moire depressed with the knowl- 
edge that my two or three pages of notes must ex- 
pand into the year's history, that many sheets of blank 
paper must be filled with a suitable narrative to offer 
to my audience of friends and critics. 

Fourth month, 26th, 1888, Henry Pierce, a very old 
resident of Sandy Spring, died in his ninetieth year. 
He had been an "old line whig," in later years an ar- 
dent republican, and, despite age and infirmity, voted 
when opportunity offered. 

Fifth month, 4th. Our Friend, Sallie Lea, passed 
away in her seventieth year. For a quarter of a cen- 
tury she had been a helpless invalid from a painful 
malady contracted while nursing the Union soldiers 
in the hospitals, during the war of the Rebellion, but 
from her sick-chair she wielded an influence not often 
accorded to the well and active. She kept house al- 
ways, and welcomed her numerous visitors with un- 
failing cordiality and interest in the outside world, 
which they brought to her. 

Her patience and cheerfulness, under severe phy- 
sical affliction, was a sermon and example to all. 

Her keen sense of humor, her terse and original 
modes of expression, her hatred of all affectation or 
sham, her extensive knowledge of books and more 
especially of human nature, made her an agreeable 
companion. 

She delighted to impart to the young her taste for 
French, Italian, and other foreign languages, and she 
was a teacher all her invalid life, which seemed full 
of physical and mental activity and a persistent indus- 



124 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

try that defied the iriroads of disease. 

She contemplated and talked of her release from 
suffering as the most desirable change that could oc- 
cur, and death came to her as a beneficent friend. 

was laid to rest in the lovely, shaded grove in 
Woodside cemetery on ist day afternoon. A very 
large concourse assembling to attest the universal 
affection and esteem in which she was held. 

ixth month, 7th. Donald, son of Charles F. and 
Annie Brooke Kirk, was born. 

We only had three or four clear days in May, and 
my note-book records a weary season of pouring rains 
and a vain effort to get our gardens fairly started. 
tie we could not follow the old rule, ''to sow dry 
and to set wet." everything seemed to sprout and grow 
with astonishing rapidity, and the yearly miracle of 
returning vegetation was all the more wonderful from 
its suddenness. 

The last of Fifth month, William W. Moore was 

: as delegate to the prohibition convention at 

Indianapolis, and later in the season was nominated 

by his party as a candidate for the United States. 

House of Representatives from this district. 

Sixth month. 5th. Elizabeth F., daughter of Ed- 
ward and Annie Gilpin, was married by Episcopal 
ceremony, at her home, Walnut Hill, to Nathaniel B. 
Hogg. jr.. of Western Pennsylvania. The house was 
so beautifully and profusely decorated it was called 
the rose wedding. The young couple left immediate- 
ly for Brownsville, Pennsylvania, their future home. 

Our quarterly meeting. Sixth month. 9th, was 
smaller than usual, but greatly enjoyed. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 125 

Sixth month, 18th. Mary L. Roberts died in her 
seventy-seventh year. The devoted friend and com- 
panion of her latter years prepared, by request, the 
following tribute to- her memory : 

Longfellow has said, 



■tv 



"Lives of great men all remind us, 
We may make our lives sublime, 
And departing, leave behind us, 
Footprints on the sands of time." 

But the life of this good woman, whose early sub- 
mission to the divine will when under affliction, her 
self-denial for the welfare of others, her noble chari- 
ties and deeds of benevolence, all attesting her great 
worth, was truly sublime, and she has left "footprints 
on the sands of time" worthy to be followed by any 
wishing to attain true excellence of character. 

Her indomitable courage and strength of purpose 
were evinced when her father had sustained a severe 
loss by fire. She, though lame, and only in her eigh- 
teenth year, came to the rescue and prevailed on her 
parents, John and Eliza Needles, to allow her to open 
a "notion store" in their parlor. 

There she, with the aid of a younger sister, estab- 
lished the business that has gone on increasing for 
more than fifty years, and is still known in Baltimore 
as the firm of John Needles & Son. 

It was in this little store she first met B. Rush Rob- 
erts, who afterwards became her husband, the sharer 
of all her joys and sorrows, her helper in every good 
work. 

They were married in 1836, a union resulting in un- 



126 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

alloyed happiness, they living together in the utmost 
harmony for over forty years. 

She often related to her young friends contemplat- 
ing marriage the following incident. She had ex- 
pressed a desire to have certain things she deemed 
necessary in housekeeping. When her husband's busi- 
ness had prospered sufficiently to admit of greater 
outlay, he told her to make out a list of such articles 
as she wanted, and he would get them, as he was now 
able to gratify her wishes. She said, "I have been 
thinking over the matter and find there is such a dif- 
ference between wants and needs, I have decided we 
do not need anything, and our wants could never be 
supplied." 

Another instance of her sound judgment and com- 
mendable economy : Denying themselves luxuries, 
while young, enabled them to be generous in after 
years, and often when aiding some good cause she 
would say, "this is the ice-cream we did not eat, or 
the rides we did not take." 

Having no children, they contributed largely to as- 
sist in educating the children of others, defraying 
each year the expenses of one or more girls or boys at 
some good school. 

This generosity was continued after her husband's 
death, as long as she survived him. 

Her benevolence knew no station, sect or color, as 
the destitute around her could testify to her daily 
charities to them. 

They moved to Sandy Spring from Baltimore in 
185 1, where they, together, dispensed the hospitalities 
of the Sherwood home to their numerous friends, 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 127 

thus radiating happiness from their own hearts to 
give happiness to others. 

For years after the death of her husband in 1880, 
she seemed crushed by this great bereavement, but 
at length, by her reliance on the ''everlasting arms," 
she became resigned to the separation, being satis- 
fied of a reunion in the life beyond the grave. 

During the long and painful illness, which preceded 
her death, she was seldom heard to complain, and 
when her sister remarked to her, "I think thee is bet- 
ter today, and hope thee will soon be well," she said, 
"either way, it will be all right," thus showing her 
perfect faith in the "Divine love." 

When she became reconciled to live, it seemed then 
as if she was fitted to die, and enter into the spiritual 
fruition of her hopes. 

I will close this tribute with a few extracts from the 
various written and published testimonials to her 
worth. 

From the Daily Local News, of West Chester, Pa., 
I copy the folowing: 

"The charm of her manners and loveliness of dis- 
position, endeared her to a wide circle of loving and 
admiring friends. At an earlier period of her life she 
was regarded as a writer of no mean ability, having 
prepared several published memorials of deceased 
Friends, as well as other articles of considerable 
merit." 

From the "minutes" of "The Woman's Associa- 
tion," of which she was the originator, "she might al- 
most be called the mother of this society ; by her death 
a link in the chain which bound us together has been 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 

broken. Her place is vacant in the meeting, in the as- 
sociation, and in the family circle, and we who have 
felt the influence of her pleasant smile, and kindly 
words, realize that we have lost a friend and counsellor 
whose example we might follow.'' 

From a tribute by Alpheus B. Sharp, in "Friends' 
Intelligencer," the following: 

"From the time I entered their house, a boy and 
perfect stranger, I felt at home and happy, nor can I 
recall a single incident that gave me the slightest pain. 
In the years that have followed, scarcely a day passes 
that I do not recur with pleasure to my life there, re- 
calling many pleasant things prompted by her kindly 
thought for her family. It is useless for me to refer 
to her great value in the Society of Friends, of which 
she was a devoted member. I was one of her boys, 
and I cannot pass her death by without some ex- 
pression of my regard. Friends, relatives and the 
public have lost in her one not easily replaced." 

E. H. 

In this month, Charles M. Iddings received his 
diploma as Doctor of Medicine, and joined his father 
in practice at Sandy Spring. 

Sixth month, 19th. The Chicago convention met 
and this district sent Benjamin H. Miller as delegate. 

The heat of the political contest was only exceeded 
by the heat of the weather, swiftly followed by fires and 
blankets, as the contestants and atmosphere cooled 
off, — but from this time until November, the people 
talked, the papers teemed, the very air was electrified 
with one subject, the merits of high and low tariff, of 
"free trade" or "protection." Life-long republicans 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 129 

announced their intention of voting for the demo- 
cratic candidate, old Jackson democrats hastened in- 
to the republican camp. Some remained on the fence 
hoping that safety and salvation lay in not voting at 
all or getting down on either side. A few said they 
wished Mrs. Cleveland was married to General Harri- 
son. 

When the election returns flashed over the wires, an 
astonished republican party found themselves victor- 
ious, a still more amazed democratic constituency 
were obliged to acknowledge defeat. 

So doubtful had seemed the issue, and so numerous 
were the bets upon it, that even in our quiet com- 
munity, some persons paid the penalty of indiscreet 
wagers. Soon after the decisive day in November, on 
a certain evening, various triumphant republicans were 
wheeled in wheelbarrows from Ashton to Sandy 
Spring and back again, while Squire Fairall drew in 
a wood cart his staunch republican neighbor, Gideon 
Gilpin, and James B. Hallowell tried the efficacy of 
the cold water treatment on Louis Stabler. 

Some soaking rains incommoded the farmers the 
latter part of June and their minds were filled with the 
firm conviction that the wheat would rust, or sprout 
in the "shock," and when very little damage was dis- 
covered they forgot all their unhappy predictions. 

Seventh month, ist. Washington B. Chichester 
suffered severe bereavement in the death of his wife, 
and his family felt keenly the loss of a most devoted 
mother. 

For many years this estimable lady had been promi- 
nent, socially and in the Grange. Dying while still in 



130 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

the prime of life, and full tide of usefulness, her 
loss extended far beyond her domestic circle. 

In this month came our hottest days and nights, 
and those who could, sought cool retreats in the 
mountains or where "salt breezes blew." Some went 
down to the sea in ships, but words are inadequate 
to describe their sufferings, or the eagerness with 
which they trod the land again. 

Some years ago, a writer, whose name was probably 
"anonymous." published a thoughtful article, fully il- 
lustrated, on that old and vexatious question of "How 
To Keep The Boys On The Farm." Your historian 
does not now recall much of this able paper, except 
the pictures, of which there were several. 

One of these represented the boy, whom it was 
thought desirable to keep on the farm, confined in 
a burglar-proof room, with heavy bars on the win- 
dows and so forth. The author argued that there was 
nothing better to keep a boy away from the tempta- 
tions and snares of city life than this. 

Another picture showed the boy with a stout chain 
passed around his body, and the other end of it fas- 
tened to the stove. This was highly recommended 
for making boys feel attached to the farm. 

Still another, represented the boy placed in an easy 
reclining position, and a considerable pile of stones 
heaped on his legs. The writer clearly demon- 
strated that there was nothing which had a greater 
tendency to make a boy "cling to the old home- 
stead." Now this author may have written some- 
what in a spirit of levity, and while his plans are novel 
in theory, they do not seem entirely practical, and I 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 131 

have never heard of any of them being put to actual 
use in our neighborhood. 

Still, it is becoming a subject of serious import 
to your historian, while she is compelled to chronicle 
each year the departure of young men from our 
midst, and yet, parents and guardians seem to have 
no difficulty in keeping their girls at home. 

It would be too harrowing to count up the number 
of those ''gone, but not forgotten," in the past, and I 
will confine myself to this year's report. 

George B. Farquhar joined our Sandy Spring Colo- 
ny in Roanoke, Va. 

Joseph Gilpin went to Baltimore to live, William 
Iddings to Doylestown, Penna., and Douglass Miller 
to Hampstead, Carroll County. But with all these de- 
partures, we have had some arrivals. 

Dr. Augustus Stabler and family returned from 
Laurence, Mass., to live at Roslyn, and the Doctor 
has resumed the practice of medicine at his old home. 

Seventh month, 31st. Mary Lea, wife of Henry 
Stabler, of Roslyn, died in her sixty-sixth year. 

She had been for a long period a confirmed invalid 
and sufferer. Although confined to her room, her 
great energy enabled her to superintend her house- 
hold affairs, and to interest herself in all matters per- 
taining to the garden and farm. Her mind was bright 
and active to the last. She was buried at Woodside 
cemetery. 

Elma Paxon, an inmate of Home wood, also died on 
Seventh month, 31st, aged seventy-four years, while 
visiting relatives near Philadelphia. 

Her father was a member of the Pennsvlvania Legfis- 



132 ANXALS OF SANDY SPEING. 

lature for many years, and she doubtless inherited 
from him her marked literary and political tastes. One 
of the last efforts of her active mind was to write an 
essay on the Constitution of the United States. 

This cheerful, entertaining old lady was gr 
missed in the quiet domestic circle, which her presence 
brightened. 

Eighth month, 5th. John H. Strain, -a native of 
Tennessee, but for a number of years a prominent 
farmer, and highly esteemed citizen, died at his resi- 
dence near Brookeville, in his seventy-sixth year. 

His polished manners, and generous impulses, won 
for him the respect and confidence of the entire com- 
munity, and his excellent business qualifications led to 
his election as a trustee of the Brookeville Academy, 
and a director in the Sandy Spring Savings Institution. 
Trusts which he discharged with fidelity and satisfac- 
tion. He was also a member of the Senior Agricul- 
tural Club of our neighborhood. 

Eighth month, 16th. A fine musical entertainment 
was given at the Lyceum, conducted by Miss Alice 
Riddle, of Washington, followed by a farce in which 
native and foreign talent divided the honors. 

A number of our young ladies camped, as they did 
last year, in the unoccupied house, near the junction 
1 f the Hawling's and Patuxent rivers. With numerous 
callers, fancy work, music, and books, and incongru- 
ous meals, at any hour, determined not by the sun, 
but by the pangs of hunger, they had a free and happy 
rest from conventional life, and probably appreciated 
the regular routine of ordinary existence when they 
returned to it. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 133 

In addition to the never-failing and ever-prevalent 
summer visitor, in August, not for many years have 
"boarders" been so numerous ; they came early in the 
season and remained late, and pervaded the high- 
ways and byways with an air of leisure enjoyment 
pleasant to contemplate. 

Before, or about this time, a number of little ''carts" 
made their appearance in our midst. They had but 
two wheels and a limited seat. They were nearly irr 
possible to get into, and wonderfully easy to fall out oi. 

If the dignity of my office did not forbid, I might 
draw r some conclusions from the advent of this "just 
room enough for two" vehicle, and the many engage- 
ments that are rumored, or I might touch lightly, and 
with careful discretion on the fact that 1888 was Leap 
Year, and on that Law enacted by the Parliament of 
Scotland as far back as 1288, just 600 years ago, which 
says in old English, "It is statut and ordaint, that dur- 
ing the reine of her Maist Blissed Majestee ilk fourth 
year, known as Leap Year, ilk maiden ladye of baith 
high and low estate, shall hae liberty to bespeak ye man 
she likes albeit ; gif he refuses to take her to be his wife 
he shall be mulcted in ye summe of one dundis or less 
as his estate moit be, except and awiss gif he can mak 
it appear that he is bethrothit to one ither woman, 
that he then shall go free." 

Eighth month, 24th. The barn and outbuildings were 
burned on Edward P. Thomas' farm, and it w r as only 
by the utmost exertion of the neighbors that the 
house, which was on fire many times, was saved. 

The direct cause of this disastrous fire was the too 
intimate relation between a very small descendant of 



134 AXXALS OF SANDY SPBING. 

Ham and the dangerous ever-ready-to-iginite parlor 
match. In less than three months on Eleventh month 
=th, a fine new barn- was raised at Belmont, and the 
destroyed outbuildings soon after replaced by more 
convenient and commodious ones. In view of all the 
toil and moil, and army to feed, that this conflagration 
and reconstruction entailed, the ladies of the Belmont 
family could hardly be censured if they had inscribed 
over their new buildings, a line the traveler tells us is 
often seen, cut in the stone doorways of ancient dwell- 
ings in Saxony, "Pray, Lord, save my house, and set 
those of others on fire." 

Eighth month, 26th. Sarah B. Farquhar died in 
her eighty-third year. 

The distress and anxiety of her family through her 
long illness had been shared by the entire neighbor- 
hood, and in her death the whole community lost a 
dear and honored friend. 

She was the eldest daughter of the late Roger 
Brooke, cf Brooke Grove, and married early in life, 
Dr. Charles Farquhar, brother of our late historian 
William H. Farquhar. 

Bereft, while still young, by the death of her hus- 
band, she was left with a family of small children de- 
pendent on her, but she assumed courageously the 
added responsibilities her widowhood entailed, and 
with great industry and strict economy, kept her little 
family together, educated them well, and was all in all 
to them ; their guide, philosopher and friend. 

Pleasant in manner and conversation, hospitable in 
her home, conscientious in religious and social duties, 
she was greatly beloved and esteemed for all those ad- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 135 

mirable qualities that make up a self-sustained, and 
well-rounded womanly character. 

She was very successful as gardener and florist, and 
at the meetings of the horticultural society she was 
one of the most interested and valuable members for 
many years. 

She had passed beyond the allotted period of life, 
but she was so useful, so happy, so active in her home 
duties, it seemed she might live many more years to 
bless her family and friends. 

She had, in a marked degree, that rarest of all come- 
liness, the beauty of old age. Time had effaced, rather 
than deepened, the lines that care and sorrow im- 
printed on the face, and had left on her serene brow 
and clear eyes all that was true, good and spiritual 
The purity of her heart and life irradiated her coun- 
tenance with a lovely expression of inward peace. 

Her funeral was largely attended, and she was laid 
to rest in the old burying-ground, Eighth month, 
twenty-eighth. 

Ninth month, 13th. The annual exhibition of the 
horticultural society was held at the Lyceum. 

After the long-continued rain the day seemed 
charming, although too cold to 1 stand or sit down out 
doors. The attendance was large, and the various ad- 
dresses more edifying than usual. 

Henry C. Hallowell, who has been President of the 
society for twenty-five consecutive years, made a hap- 
py reference to past results and future expectations of 
the organization, and spoke feelingly of valued mem- 
bers who had so recently entered the unknown 
country. 



136 AXNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

The Rev. Mr. Sutton, at Beltsville, Mr. E. C. Peter 
and Mr. Yeirs Bouic, junior, of Rockville, made per- 
tinent and humorous speeches. 

All the departments of exhibit were well filled 
with perhaps, the exception of the floral, repeated 
rains having destroyed many flowers. 

In this month, Edith B. Thomas, having received 
part of her education in Massachusetts, returned there 
to take charge of a small school. 

Sarah Scorield was appointed teacher of the public 
school at Sandy Spring. 

George B. Miller returned from St. Louis to as- 
sume the duties of principal of Sherwood school, and 
with the able assistance of Miss Belle Hannum, of 
Pennsylvania, successfully conducted the school to the 
satisfaction cf patrons and pupils. 

By the severe illness of Henry C. Hallowell a full 
school at Rockland was deprived of his sen-ices for 
many months, but the routine of studies was neverthe- 
less maintained through the efficient aid of a former 
graduate, Elizabeth T. Stabler. 

In the early part of the Xinth month, and later in 
our historical year, there were a number of sales of 
property. 

John C. Bentley bought Sherwood farm, and moved 
his family from Cloverly to its more commodious 
house. 

Dr. Samuel Scott bought the homestead on which 
he was raised. 

Chares G. Porter bought Dr. C. E. Iddings' place. 

Miss Bringhurst, of Wilmington, Del., bought and 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 137 

presented to Mrs. Sophia Robison the house she oc- 
cupies. 

Albert Stabler bought the Van Horn farm near Lav 
Hill. 

Robert Miller bought of William Lea, junior, his 
farm laying opposite Cherry Grove. 

William D. Hartshorne, now of Lawrence, Mass., 
bought Brighton Store. 

Mary Ellicott Thomas purchased the homestead of 
her father, the 'late Samuel Ellicott. 

Anna G. Lea bought a portion of Springdale farm. 

Ninth month, 23rd. Our esteemed friend, William 
S Bond, died after a long and painful illness. 

Many years ago he established and carried on suc- 
cessfully the fertilizer business, and his reputation for 
honest and upright dealing was unimpeachable. 

He was one of the originators, and an active mem- 
ber of the Enterprise Club, and belonged to the "Home 
Interest." 

His judgment was good, and he had a thorough 
knowledge of many practical things useful in every- 
day life. 

He was a devoted husband and father, and a kind 
neighbor. 

His funeral on the 20th was largely attended, many 
strangers being present. 

The weather towards the last of Ninth month was 
unusually cold and disagreeable ; we felt like putting 
up stoves and getting into warmer quarters, while 
shivering in summer raiment. 

Tenth month, 17th. Edith D., daughter of John 
C. and Cornelia H. Bentlev, was born. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Tenth month, 23rd. Bessie Porter Miller was mar- 
ried at her home, Alt. Airy, by Friends' ceremony, to 
Prof. William Taylor Thorn, of Roanoke, Virginia, 
where they will reside. 

Besides relatives and friends from the neighborhood, 
many strangers attended this pleasant wedding. 

The sunny, charming days, and rich foliage of Octo- 
ber, seemed to atone in a measure, for all the rains and 
clouds of September. As the Poet says, 

"Here's a song for gay October, 

She's a lassie far from sober, 
Lover of the woody nne, 

Wreathed -with foliage fair and fine; 
Grapes of amethystine cluster, 

With a rare and burnished lustre, 
Fall within her eager grasp, 

As a jewel might unclasp; 
All the fruitage of the year 

Meets its consummation here; 
Apples rosy, russet, yellow, 

Come within this season mellow, 
Corn and wheat are stored away, 

Safe against a later day. 

"0 the sunrise and the dew! 

the moon's enchanted blue! 
But the golden afternoon 

Softens into shadows soon; 
There's a mist upon the hills, 

There's a vapor on the rills, 
There's a whisper in the woods — 

(Solemn sylvan solitudes!) 
Say they all with portent sober. 

Say good-bye to sweet October! 
What she brings she takes away — 

Soon November will hold sway. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 139 

Kneel upon the verdant sod, 

Pluck the nodding- gxdden rod; 
Fill jour arms with brilliant leaves, 

Praise the tints the frost-elf weaves, 
Then with saddened looks and sober, 

Bid farewell to bright October." 

A new industry was developed in these autumn 
months, by the hewing of hundreds of thousands of 
hickory spokes from the forests of Sandy Spring. 

A score of strangers, known by the generic name of 
the "Hickory Men," accomplishing this result with 
a total disregard of that pathetic old song, 

"Woodman spare that tree, 
Touch not a single bough." 

Many line walnut trees were also felled and sold 
profitably. 

It has been sharply said by an able writer, that "hu- 
manity signalized its sudden leap of material progress 
in the nineteenth century by springing, ax in hand 
at the throats of the forests throughout the globe." 

Judging from the number of fine trees that came 
crashing to earth about this time, we must have made 
"material progress" very fast. Many acres were 
cleared in different sections. The stately growth of 
centuries laid low, views extended and the topography 
of the country comparatively changed. 

The senior Roger Brooke, of Brookegrove, in his 
walks over his farm, used to carry walnuts in his pock- 
ets, and making holes with his cane, drop them in. 
Many of these seed are now quite large trees and it 
would be well if everv one could remember to be as 



140 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

thoughtful about planting, as they are often careless 
in destroying. 

In the Eleventh month, the various societies were 
in full tide, and in addition to the eighteen already 
nourishing in our neighborhood, four others were in- 
augurated. 

A woman suffrage society, with Caroline H. Miller 
as chairman and James P. Stabler as secretary, was 
started with a smaller membership than the well- 
known feminine independence of Sandy Spring would 
lead one to suppose possible. 

Our very young ladies and gentlemen formed a lit- 
erary circle, which meets once in three weeks, called 
"Phrenaskeia." Judging from the length of time it 
took some of the parents and guardians, and even the 
members, to learn how to spell and pronounce this 
Greek title, it would appear that its English meaning. 
"Mind improver," might have served its purpose. 

The historian would be better able to describe the 
"inner consciousness" of this society had she ever 
been admitted to its sacred and mysterious precincts. 
As far as an outsider can judge, it is well conducted, 
and much interest is displayed in discussing questions 
and searching for information on useful topics. 

A mission school for the colored children was es- 
tablished under the direction of Alary E. Moore, whi :h 
meets every 7th day afternoon, at Sharp Street, with 
often an attendance of sixty or seventy children. 

Still another society confined principally to the 
Sharon family, and presided over by its youngest 
member. This is called the ''Curious Club." 

In the bewildering maze of all these twenty-two 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 141 

clubs, granges, lodges, societies and associations, 
would it not be well for our excellent and highly es- 
teemed medical corps, and older doctors, who have 
given us so much advice, and so many doses; our 
younger practitioners who have given us all they have 
had time to — would it not be well for these guardians 
of our mental and physical health, to establish still 
another society, and call it the "Stay At Home And 
Rest Cub," setting apart the longest day by the al- 
manac in each month, when all the inhabitants of San- 
dy Spring shall refrain from going to any organiza- 
tion whatsoever, when they shall all cease from phy- 
sical exertions in the way of feasts, club-suppers, asso- 
ciation dinners, and horticultural teas? 

When all the harrassed brains shall write no "min- 
utes," prepare no literary exercises, struggle over no 
religious essays, gather no statistics, search for no 
obscure quotations, evolve no "history," and above all 
indite no papers on "why farming does not pay." 

Perhaps this enforced rest of mind and body, this 
sweetness of doing nothing and thinking less, might 
lead to: the gradual revival of a lost art in Sandy 
Spring, the delightful art of social visiting. 

Some of us remember with a tender regret, for the 
vanished habits of those good old days, when we were 
children, how the neighbors used to drop in to dinner 
and tea unexpectedly ; how they always came soon 
after breakfast to dine with us and directly after dinner 
if they meant to stay to tea. They brought their knit- 
ting and their work, and swiftly and pleasantly the so- 
cial hours sped by until early candle light, when they 
returned home in old-fashioned farming style. But if 



142 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

we started out now, intent on this friendly and inform- 
al intercourse, how many organizations might we not 
run against in this society-tossed and club-harassed 
community ! 

Eleventh month, 17th. Marjorie, daughter of 
Frank and Fanny Smowden, was born. 

Eleventh month, 23rd. A very creditable entertain- 
ment was given at the Lyceum. It seems almost in- 
vidious to mention one of the amateur troops more 
than another, "Snowed In" was so well acted; but I 
cannot refrain from calling to mind the somewhat 
rheumatic, but still active, old "beau" of the play, and 
the slow-moving, though tireless, "Joe." 

Twelfth month, 1st. Mary Randolph, daughter of 
Samuel and Pattie S. Hopkins, was born. 

Twelfth month, 12th. William, jr., son of R. 
Rowland and Margaret G. T. Moore, was born. 

Twelfth month, 17th. Ray S., daughter of Guion 
and Annie T. Miller, was born. 

Rebecca Russell died on the 21st of Twelfth month, 
within three days of her hundredth and second birth- 
day. 

She was the daughter of Hugh and Margaret Rus- 
sell, of Xew Garden Township, Chester County, Pa., 
was adopted by her maternal uncle, Joseph Shallcross, 
of Wilmington, Del'., with whom she lived the re- 
mainder of his life, thirty years, and after a number 
of removals, from one place to another, in all of which 
her services were important and highly appreciated, 
she was called to Sandy Spring to nurse the failing 
father of the Lea family at Walnut Hill. After the 
death of Thomas Lea. the head of that house, bv his 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 143 

request, she remained an inmate of the home to aid in 
keeping the members together, until the marriage of 
Mary Lea to Henry Stabler, when she took up her 
abode with the young couple at Roslyn, where she 
lived, beloved, valued and honored for forty-four 
years. Despite her age, she was always busy, cheer- 
ful and helpful, and interested in the welfare of all 
around her. Her hearing became somewhat impaired, 
but for many years she enjoyed her second sight, read- 
ing without glasses. 

For a long period she remained quietly at home, 
constantly employed, and filled with a sweet content- 
ment most rare in the restless turmoil of modern life. 

She was full of interesting anecdotes of the past, and 
her conversation was charming and instructive. A few 
hours before she passed painlessly away, she said she 
felt so "happy and peaceful." Her skin was soft and 
fair, her face did not show her great age, and on it was 
an expression of Heavenly rest. 

Her funeral ist day afternoon, Twelfth month, 23rd, 
was very large, and she was laid to rest in Woodside 
cemetery. 

Twelfth month, 26th. Richard I. Lea and Annie, 
daughter of Frederick Brown, were married at St. 
Luke's church, by Episcopal ceremony. The bride 
and groom started immediately for Doylestown, Pa., 
their future home. 

First month, ist, 1889. That large class of people 
who grow gloomy towards the end of the year, and 
who make any reference to time an occasion for giv- 
ing their speech a solemn cast, might study with profit 
the entries which are found at the close of the differ- 



144 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ent years in the journals of George Eliot; and Long- 
fellow, the American poet, has a heartiness and cheer- 
fulness in his record, which we should expect from 
one who always looked on the bright side, while the 
English novelist, although a constant victim of ill- 
health, was fully as successful in drawing pleasant and 
helpful lessons from the Meeting years. 

"I have been helped," she says, "in looking back to 
compare former with actual dates of despondency, 
from bad health and other apparent causes ; in this way 
a past despondency has turned to present hopefulne-s.'' 

She is fond of writing of the dear old years, and of 
noting what work she has done during the twelve 
months. 

''The year is gone,'' she says, "with all its struggling 
and striving; yet, not gone either, for what I have suf- 
fered and enjoyed in it remains to me an everlasting 
possession.'' 

As to the poet, he never tires of apostrophizing the 
dying year. "So closes the year," he writes, "peace to 
his ashes, peace to the embers of burnt-out things 
of years, anxieties, doubts, all gone. Xot many hopes 
deceived, not many anticipations disappointed, but 
love fulfilled, the heart comforted, the soul enriched 
with affection." 

And again, he exclaims, as another year passes by, 
"shake hands, old friend, I have learned much from 
thee and sung thy spring in prose and thy autumn in 
song, and now farewell!" 

The power of a strong mind to triumph over sick- 
ness and trouble is one of the great lessons of George 
Eliot's life, and is nowhere seen to better advantage 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 145 

than in the last records which she makes as the Dec- 
embers go quickly by. 

"I enjoy a more and more even cheerfulness, and 
continually increasing power in dwelling on the good 
that is given to me, and dismissing the thought of small 
evils," is the entry with which she closed her record. 

Would it not be well to try the plan of the great 
novelist for the coming twelve months, and instead of 
being worried by the "small evils" of life, dwell on the 
good that is given us ? Such a plan faithfully carried 
out, would result in making 1889 a far happier year 
for us, than would any number of good resolutions, 
easily made and soon forgotten." 

First month, 7th, 1889. The annual meeting of the 
Board of Directors of The Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company of Montgomery County took place. Al- 
though the losses in 1888 by fire had been more than 
ever before, exceeding $68,000, the company had been 
able to meet all indebtedness promptly, and to keep a 
surplus on hand. 

First month, 15th. The farmers' seventeenth annual 
convention was held at the Lyceum. In the absence 
of the president, Flenry C. Hallowell, Benjamin D. 
Palmer, the vice-president, presided. 

In his excellent address he said, "From these meet- 
ings each member returns to his home enriched by 
the example and combined experience of others. These 
conventions send as delegates not lawyers and politi- 
cians, but practical farmers. A long stride could be 
made in educating farmers, not only how to raise larger 
crops on less land and at less cost, and how to co- 
operate in selling crops and buying supplies, but 



146 ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 

how to find out what legislation they want, and how to 
get it." 

Many interesting topics were discussed through the 
day. 

Mr. J. B. Ayres read a paper on the advisability of 
forming Farmers' Institutes throughout the State. 
Prof. Alvord, of the Agricultural College, made an 
address. Henry Stabler, Samuel Hopkins, Dr. Thomas, 
E. C. Gilpin, and others, discussed the canning busi- 
ness, draining lands, stock, creameries, and other farm 
topics. 

First month, 18th. The Lyceum overflowed with an 
audience, who enjoyed a delightful treat in a lecture 
on the "Mountaineers of the Caucasus," by the dis- 
tinguished traveller and author, George Kennan, of 
Washington. 

Apart from his vivid and charming description of 
strange scenes and barbaric people, it was worth a 
great deal to see this gentleman in the native dress of 
the wild mountaineers, and to have an opportunity of 
examining their firearms, dirks, etc., which each man 
made in his own smithy, all of the finest workmanship, 
and inlaid with precious metals. 

First month, 20th. Sydney Buchanan, a son, was 
born to Ulric and Mary Janney Hutton. 

This month was exceptional, as regards weather, 
which was clear and delightful, with few storms. 

Farmers were everywhere plowing, violets bloom- 
ing outdoors, trees and shrubs making hasty prepara- 
tions to bud and blossom before their time. 

Despite a moderate temperature, and no severe cold, 
old and young were alike the victims of various ail- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 147 

ments, and tnere were more serious and long-con- 
tinued cases of illness among our people than for 
many years. Several painful accidents also befell. 

In January, Arthur and Anna Stabler started on a 
long journey to California, going thither by New Or- 
leans, and the southern route. 

Second month, 14th. Many of our people were 
again fortunate in listening to a very unique and in- 
teresting lecture on Washington Lore from "Washing- 
ton Land," by Moncure D. Conway. This gentleman 
having been, born in the same township with the father 
of his country, had collected many traditions, anec- 
dotes and original letters, and in his cultivated and 
humorous style, had woven them into a delightful dis- 
course. 

Second Month, 25th. Ruth, daughter of Janney 
and Helen R. Shoemaker, was born. 

The first number of a republican paper, called the 
"Montgomery Press," published at Rockville, ap- 
peared in this month. A liberal share of the stock was 
subscribed in Sandy Spring. 

The first experiment of heating houses with steam 
was introduced at Amersley and Plainfield, and the 
ladies of these respective homes rejoiced in the ab- 
sence of dust and dirt that inevitably follow the burn- 
ing of coal and wood. 

Elizabeth Comstock, an Orthodox Friend and phil- 
anthropist, from New York State, accompanied by her 
daughter, made a long stay in our neighborhood, she 
held many public and private meetings, and paid many 
social visits acceptable to all. 

Third month, 4th, was a very inclement day. Some 



148 AXXALS OF BANDY SPRING. 

brave people ventured to Washington, and many more 
were disappointed in not seeing the grand pageant of 
the inauguration ceremonies. 

The following communication was sent me by a 
family connection of our esteemed friend Margaret 
Farquhar, soon after her death. 

"I was asked by our historian to write a few words 
commemorative of [Margaret Farquhar, who died at 
her home, "The Cedars," on 4th day afternoon, the 
6th of the Third month, in the seventy-seventh year 
of her age. 

"Dearly as I loved her for her many virtues, her self- 
sacrificing and loving nature, her patience, industry, 
courage, cheerfulness, her warm and tender sympa- 
thy ; ardently as I admired and honored her intellect, 
I feel unworthy to pay her a fitting tribute. My mind 
seems powerless to coin into suitable language the 
impression that she made upon my heart. I can say, 
however, that the last laborious days of her earthly 
pilgrimage were perfectly consistent with her entire 
life and character. Not one sigh escaped her in all her 
sufferings. In her last hour a bright smile, a loving and 
appreciative word greeted all who approached her, and 
the grave repose of her peaceful countenance was even 
in death the exponent of her noble and triumphant 
spirit." M. B. M. 

I quote in conclusion, a brief extract from a letter 
received by the family, since her death, which will, I 
know, find a warm response in the feelings of all who 
have ever been closely associated with her. 

"You do not care to be told of her virtues or the 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 149 

beauty of her character, for you know them better than 
anyone. 

"Her face told its own story of a most heroic sorul. 
She seemed to me, with her gentle voice, her calm 
smile, and her patient eyes, like one who stood upon 
the horizon of a long life, and looking over the many 
conflicts, through which she had passed, felt herself 
their moral victor. What a reunion there must have 
been, when those two, but a short while apart, met 
again." 

Our farmers who had been hauling potatoes since 
the autumn, and through the winter months were still 
at it. Prices were never so low, and the market 
seemed overstocked. 

Wheat, however, of which there had been a good 
average crop, was higher than for some years, and it 
was sold at $1.18 per bushel by persons in our neigh- 
borhood, who wished their potatoes could be meta- 
morphosed into grain. 

The yield of hay had not been as large as usual, 
and the prices were good, if there had only been more 
of it. 

There was plenty of corn, but it was extremely low, 
corn meal selling at the mills for forty-two cents a 
bushel. 

The problem seemed to be whether it was best to 
have little and sell high, or thousands of bushels and 
dispose of them at low rates. 

"How to make farming pay?" a question that proba- 
bly disturbed Adam, as soon as he retired from horti- 
culture and the Garden of Eden, is still troubling the 
descendants of the primeval countrv man. 



150 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Some persons think the Grange Agency established 
in Washington and well patronized, will have the de- 
sired effect in the right direction, by enabling our 
farmers to dispose of their produce in bulk at better 
rates, and in much less time than by individual efforts. 
Others think we must simplify our modes of living, and 
economize, according to our means. Still others be- 
lieve that we cannot return to those primitive days, 
when city luxuries were unknown in the country, and 
we must make our mother earth yield additional tri- 
bute, and supply, not only our absolute needs, but our 
real and imaginary wants. 

In this month, James P. Stabler gave a lecture 
on the subject of electricity to the pupils of Sher- 
wood school, which was highly appreciated by them, 
and also by older persons who attended. 

Third month, 18th. Robert H. Miller, of Alloway, 
shipped to Liverpool over twenty cattle especially fat- 
tened for the foreign market ; owing to the unprece- 
dented low rates just at this time the venture was not 
profitable, although the first export of the kind from 
Sandy Spring. 

Third month, 19th. The Rev. J. S.'Kieffer, of Hag- 
erstown, lectured at the Lyceum, on the "Protection 
of Individuality." A rainy and disagreeable evening 
prevented many from attending, who would otherwise 
have enoyed a most entertaining and original dis- 
course. 

One of President Cleveland's last official acts was 
to sign a bill for a railroad from Washington to San- 
dy Spring, and on Third month, 22nd, pursuant to the 
requirements of this Act of Congress, an "incorpora- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 151 

tors' " meeting was held in Washington, and various 
officers appointed. 

The line from Gettysburg to the District is still 
threatened, and we are in painful doubts whether it 
will reach here in one year or twenty. 

Baltimore Quarterly Meeting which occurred in 
this month, was well attended by our friends, who had 
the satisfaction of occupying, for the first time, the 
commodious and convenient new meeting-house re- 
cently built. 

With our limited vision, we know not which is the 
greater blessing, life or death. Whether the innocent 
babe, dying in its mother's arms, or he who journeys 
all the length of life's uncertain road, has best fulfilled 
his mission here. 

It may be that death gives all there is worth to 
life, and the common fate treads from out the paths, 
between our hearts, the weeds of hate and selfishness. 

When the opening bud is blighted, we feel it has 
been spared much, when the old and infirm sink to 
rest, it is the course of nature. 

But, when one in the prime of life, and full tide of 
usefulness, like our friend Deborah Brooke is called 
away, we can only find consolation in the fact that she 
felt perfect peace, and the assurance that her duties 
had been ended. 

A most competent woman, all she attempted was 
well and thoroughly done. Quiet, self-sustained, most 
unselfish, she was capable of the utmost devotion to 
those she loved. 

Her aged, widowed mother was her tender charge, 
and brothers and sisters, nieces and nephews, looked 



152 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

to her for all those kind attentions, those hourly and 
daily benefits, she cheerfully gave. The sick and suf- 
fering had often experienced her admirable care. 

"Her life to other lives she gave, 
To self -bestowed she lived." 

Human aid and affection could mitigate, but were 
powerless to relieve her lingering and painful illness, 
yet no murmur escaped her. Forgetting herself, she 
sent loving and thoughtful messages to others. Fully 
conscious of the approaching change, calm and heroic, 
she accepted with unquestioning faith the decree of a 
supreme power, and entered into higher life at mid- 
night Third month, 27th, 1889. 

As the long procession of sorrowing relatives and 
friends followed her remains to their resting-place, on 
the afternoon of the 29th, the solemn silence was 
only broken by the rustling of the leaves beneath our 
feet, but we knew that under this dead and cast-off 
garment of the winter, was the life and resurrection of 
the coming spring. 

We felt that her virtues, her unselfish deeds, her 
christian spirit were as imperishable as the springing 
flower and growing grass blades. 

Fourth month, 6th. The most furious snow-storm 
of the season surprised us, evergreens were greatly 
damaged, and their branches torn and twisted, not 
only by the heavy weight of wet snow, but by the 
fierce wind that followed. 

In a recent visit to that portion of our neighborhood 
called Brighton, but few changes could be observed. 

The historian must note, however, the construction 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 153 

of a most cleanly and commodious "pig palace" at 
Lea wood. Nothing to equal it has ever been seen in 
our vicinity before, and the combined talents of Isaac 
and Charles Hartshorne are responsible for this build- 
ing. 

So subtle are the influences of surroundings, that 
these fat "Jersey Reds," as they reposed on their 
raised platforms quite above the mire, had a positive 
air of comfort and gentility never before observed 
among porkers. 

The proclamation of the Governor of Maryland re- 
questing every good citizen to plant trees on "Arbor 
day," April 10th, was a timely protest against a de- 
struction that has heretofore taken no thought of fu- 
ture need. 

Interesting ceremonies took place at Sherwood 
Academy. Caroline H. Miller and Henry C. Hallowell 
made appropriate addresses, music, and recitations 
were enjoyed, and a poem written for the occasion was 
recited. A fine young sugar maple was planted, so as 
to partly shade the public road. 

Many persons planted trees throughout the neigh- 
borhood. 

Our Orthodox Friends have doubled the size of 
their meeting-house by a convenient addition in the 
rear, just in time to hold their second quarterly meet- 
ing on the 14th and 15th of this month. Mention of 
their first quarterly meeting last year having been in- 
advertently omitted by the historian. 

Within the past historical year many have left us 
who were linked with the past ; courageous hearts that 
bore the struggle and the burdens of those earlier days 



154 A'NNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

in our history, when the conditions of life were harder, 
and more toilsome, than they are now. 

Their spotless characters and their good deeds have 
given a tone and a quality to our community. Who 
among us is worthy to fill their vacant places, and to 
live close to their high standard of moral excellence? 

But "three tenses of life belong to man," the past to 
old age, the future to the young, the present to child- 
hood ; it is to the youthful and the children, those who 
will make our history in the years to come, that I will 
address my closing remarks. 

There never has been a time when the opinions of 
the young received as much respect as now. 

They are no longer required to walk in narrow and 
prescribed paths. This is- the age of progress, and every 
influence is brought to bear by parents and teachers 
to expand their growing minds, to widen their spheres 
of usefulness, to encourage an individuality that shall, 
if rightly directed, make an admirable diversity of 
character ; character that must make its mark on the 
entire community. 

In a very delightful lecture, recently delivered in 
this hall, the speaker impressed on his hearers the 
necessity of individuality, the success in life that might 
be attained by thinking and acting out the best that 
is in us, without reference to, or fear of, public opinion. 

The advantage not only of having an individuality 
ourselves, but of permitting others to have their in- 
dividualities. 

Just in proportion as the young receive so many 
benefits in the matter of education and home culture 
are their responsibilities increased, and out of their 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 155 

abundance they should feel compelled to- extend the 
helping hand to others less fortunate. 

It is the thinking and doing for others, the sacrifice 
of self, that forms and enriches the character. 
As a very wise and good man once said : 
"Each of us is bound to make the little circle in 
which he lives better and happier, each of us is bound 
to see that out of that small circle the widest good 
may flow, each of us may have fixed in his mind the 
thought that out of a single household may go forth 
influences that shall stimulate the whole community, 
the commonwealth and the civilized world." 



CHAPTER VII. 

From Fourth Month, 1889, to Fourth Month, 1890. 

Ashton Rostoffice established — Johnstown flood — Dr. 
Francis Thomas and family went to Europe — Post- 
office established at Holland's Corner and named 
Norwood — Very warm winter — Obituaries of Allan 
Bowie Davis, Helen Bentley Lea, jr., Rebecca Iddings, 
Albert Chandlee, Joseph Paxon, Mary Ellicott Thom- 
as, William Miles, Catherine Bowie, Roger Brooke 
Thomas, Richard T. Bentley, Uriah B. Kirk, Mahlon 
Chandler and Wm. Summers Osborn. 

From a remote antiquity, at the beginning of all re- 
cord until the present time, there has been a myster- 
ious prominence bestowed on the number seven. This, 
no doubt, had its origin in natural causes. The ob- 
servation of the seven planets, and the phases of the 
moon changing every seven days. 



156 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Through the old and new Testaments, all church 
festivals, fasts and feasts were seven days long, and the 
same space of time was allotted for weddings and 
mourning for the dead. Every seventh day was 
sacred. 

In the history of all nations, and through mytholo- 
gy, this same number appears in every conceivable 
connection. The seven sleepers, the seven wise men, 
the seven wonders of the world, the seven ages of man. 

The changes supposed to take place in the human 
frame, so that every seven years, particle by particle, 
the body is renewed ; the seventh son of a seventh 
son has always been a wizard or a doctor. 

When I realized that I was about to appear before 
you for the seventh time, with this record in my hand, 
I trembled seventy times seven, as if the influence of 
this mystic numeral was upon me, and I wished that 
the seventh daughter of a seventh daughter would 
arise and solicit this position, which I would joyfully 
resign. 

The "history" was read last year on the 15th of the 
Fourth month, and three days afterwards, on the 18th, 
Allan Bowie Davis died in his eighty-first year, at his 
winter residence in Baltimore. His remains were in- 
terred at his old home, "Greenwood," near Brooke- 
ville. 

He was so interested in our people, and various in- 
stitutions, a notice of his life and death is not out of 
place here. 

Born at "Greenwood," in the ancestral mansion, 
built by his father in 1755, he passed all his youthful 
years there, completing his academic course at the 



ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 157 

Brookeville Academy when he was sixteen, and, after 
that, devoting himself so successfully to the farm that 
his father gave him sole management of it. 

He married young, and was in early life appointed 
to offices of trust and importance. 

He was instrumental in securing the first prohibi- 
tory law in Maryland, and had it extended over the en- 
tire district. 

About 1840, he was elected president of the Mont- 
gomery County Agricultural Society, and greatly ad- 
vanced the farming interests of the County. His pub- 
lic spirit was constantly manifesting itself in devising 
improvements for the people. 

He obtained the charter and stock subscription for 
the Brookeville and Washington Turnpike Company, 
constructed the road, and was its first president. 

In 1862 he was elected to the legislature, the ex- 
citing circumstances and complications of the civil 
war making this an eventful session. 

He was for many years an efficient director of the 
Montgomery County Insurance Company, and his in- 
terest in Olney Grange, of which he was a valued mem- 
ber, never abated. 

The last public office held by Mr. Davis, and by no 
means the least, was that of school commissioner of 
this county; he greatly advanced the public interest 
in education by his wise management and zeal. 

His influence upon the county life of his section was 
elevating and enriching. He set an example to farm- 
ers showing them how they could become not only 
successful cultivators of the soil, but useful citizens 
and educated men. He demonstrated that farming is 



loo ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

not only a proritabie occupation, but a noble calling, 
with which true refinement and high culture may be 
associated. 

About the middle of Fourth month, we .had several 
days of excessive heat. Shrubs and trees were forced 
into rapid and imperfect bud and bloom ; this was fol- 
lowed by pouring rains which beat off the premature 
flowers, so that our lilacs, snowballs and apple blos- 
soms were indeed a fleeting show. 

Fourth month, 25th. Prof. Thomas Willson, Cura- 
tor of the Smithsonian Institute, lectured at the Ly- 
ceum on "Prehistoric Man," to an audience composed 
largely of young ladies. It was a discourse calculated 
to awaken much interest in the remains of past and 
gene nations, evidences of which are all around us, 
in our woods and fields, if we will only examine with 
seeing eyes. 

Fifth month, 1st. Mainly through the exertions of 
Thomas L. Moore, the postmaster-general was in- 
duced to give us an additional mail each day ; one 
reaching Sandy Spring at 10.30 A. M., and the second 
at 6.15 P. M., and leaving this office at 7 A. M. and 2 
P. M. Thus enabling us to receive letters and forward 
answers on the same day. 

About this date some of our people witnessed the 
pomp and circumstance with which the centennial of 
the presidency of George Washington was celebrated 
in New York City, and all over the country with more 
or less imposing ceremonies, except in Sandy Spring. 

For once our neighborhood, often in the front rank, 
was left far behind. While many relics of the father of 
his country were in our midst, a piece of his coffin, a 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPBING. 159 

few hairs from his venerated head, a snuff box, pre- 
sented by him to a member of the Bowie family, a bed- 
stead on which he once slept, from the old Snowden 
mansion near Laurel, and a foot stool from Mt. Ver- 
non. We sent none of these authenticated remains to 
swell the torrent of "relics" that poured into New 
York from other states and territories ; we did not even 
add another to the battalion of body servants that 
hobbled into prominence. 

I will copy a single specimen of the innumerable 
poems that appeared in the daily papers in commem- 
oration of this event. 

""When Washington was President — 

As cold as amy icicle, 
He never on a railroad went, 

And never rode a bicycle; 
He read by no electric lamp, 

Nor heard about the Yellowstone; 
He never had a postage stamp, 

And never saw a telephone. 
His short clothes ended at the knee, 
By wire he could not snatch despatch, 
He never steamed across the seas, 

And never had a match to scratch. 
But in these days it's come to pass, 

All work is with such dashing done, 
We've all these things, but, then, alas! 

We seem to have no Washington." 

A postoffice was established at Ashton, the ist of 
the Fifth month, and Alban G. Thomas appointed 
postmaster. 

Fifth month, 5th. The remains of the infant child 
of Henry T. and Helen Bentley Lea, were brought 



160 ANNALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 

from Lawrence, Mass., and interred at Woodside 
cemetery. This baby that had lived a very short time 
was named for its mother. 

A few days later, the remains of Rebecca, infant 
daughter of Ernest and Minnie Rust Iddings, were 
brought from Elton, and buried at Woodside 
cemetery. 

Fifth month, 9th, 10th and nth, very high winds 
prevailed, followed by intense heat, and the farmers 
were planting corn with the mercury ranging from 
ninety to one hundred degrees. 

About the middle of May, the young folks had a 
large and enjoyable riding party to Triadelphia, and 
those who did not go have never been able to rind 
out just how many miles were traversed that day. 

Fifth month, 20th. Albert Chandlee died in his 
fifty-fifth year, after many months of invalidism. 

For a long period he had carried on successfully the 
canning business, in addition to his farming interests. 

He w r as one of the directors of the savings institu- 
tion of Sandy Spring. 

He was an attentive son to his aged father, an indus- 
trious and estimable man, and a kind neighbor. The 
last word he uttered was "rest." His death was a great 
blow to his immediate family. 

His funeral at the meeting-house on the 22nd, was 
largely attended, many colored persons, whom he had 
employed, being present. 

Fifth month, 23rd. A fine large barn w r as raised at 
Fair Hill, with the usual accompaniment of a crowd 
and a good dinner. 

About this time, a custom w r hich prevails elsewhere 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPEING. 161 

among "Friends," of men and women sitting together 
in meeting was adopted to a limited extent here. A 
few of the younger brothers drifted in on our side, 
but there was no general move to change the distinct- 
ive feature of the society, which prevails not only in 
the meeting-house, but in social intercourse, where 
the men angels are very apt to gather on one side, and 
the women angels on the other. 

On the morning of Fifth month, 31st, a dashing rain- 
storm began, continuing for twenty-four hours with 
increasing fury of wind and Volumes of water. The 
heavy pall of black clouds, the steady downpour, and 
the shrieking blast, filled one with a feeling of terror. 

The damage in our immediate vicinity was confined 
to a few trees blown down, roads undermined, bridges 
swept away. In other parts of Montgomery County 
there was serious loss to property, but this was almost 
forgotten in the accounts from Johnstown, in our 
neighboring state of Pennsylvania. 

A lake, swollen beyond all precedent, burst through 
its protecting wall, and a resistless avalanche of water, 
forty feet high, swept through a narrow valley, de- 
stroying villages and towns in its path, and leaving be- 
hind a scene of ruin and disaster that thrilled the civ- 
ilized world. 

How many thousands, young and old, saint and sin- 
ner, were hurled out of existence in those frightful 
hours we shall never know; but, shining like beacon 
lights above the dark flood, were some heroic figures. 

The nameless messenger who rode like the wind on 
his powerful gray horse down the valley to warn the 
inhabitants of their impending doom and was himself 



lti~ ; ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

lost ; a woman telegraph operator, who remained at 
her instrument until the flood swept over her, sending 
dispatch after dispatch of terrible import, praying the 
people below to flee to the hills for their lives. 

John Coffin, a nephew of our friend Mary C. 
Brooke, a young man of brilliant intellect, and unusual 
scholarly atttainments, rescued numbers of drowning 
persons by his presence of mind and almost super- 
human efforts. A few weeks later, he fell a victim to 
typhoid fever, contracted in thus nobly exposing him- 
self to save others. 

While the daily newspaper sifts the past to atoms, 
foretells the future, and leaves nothing to the imagina- 
tion, it seems as if the old heroic age was gone, as if 
there was but little scope in these prosaic days for 
personal bravery and magnificent deeds ; but the year 
1889, replete with terrific storms, and wide-spread dis- 
aster on land and sea, was remarkable for unparallel- 
ed heroism displayed by obscure men and women, 
who rose w T ith the circumstances under which they 
were placed, and immortalized themselves. 
. There were many instances of this rare courage at 
Johnstown, and again, by American sailors in the land- 
locked harbor of the Samoan Islands, who cheered 
the English man-of-war, as she escaped from the dead- 
ly hurricane into the open sea, and then went to their 
own doom on the pitiless rocks, with flags flying and 
band playing. 

All this is not strictly Sandy Spring history, but 
when heroes, philosophers and martyrs, do great deeds, 
speak grand words, suffer noble sorrows for humanity, 
it is "the touch of nature that makes the whole world 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 163 

kin," and it should be our privilege to appreciate, to 
sympathize, to emulate ! 

Sixth month, .4th. The remains of Joseph Paxon, 
son-in-law of the late Caleb Iddings, of Riverside, were 
brought from Philadelphia, where he died, and buried 
at Woodside cemetery. 

Sixth month, 5th. A meeting held at the. Lyceum 
of the Sandy Spring Woman's Suffrage Association, 
was presided over and addressed very appropriately 
by a mother and son, a father and daughter. Caro- 
line H. and Guion Miller, James P. and Jessie B. 
Stabler, all taking active part in the exercises, which 
divided the privileges impartially between the sexes. 

Sixth month, 8th. At her home, Brooke Meadow, 
died Mary E., wife of Walter Thomas, and eldest 
daughter of Sallie and the late Samuel Ellicott. 

Young and blooming, but recently married, full of 
life and energy, and social graces, it seemed as if a 
long and happy existence must be her portion, and 
her untimely death came as a shock to the community. 

There was no trace of the insidious disease that had 
sapped her life as she lay a beautiful statue in her 
coffin, robed in her wedding garments. 

Sixth month, .9th and 10th, quarterly meeting oc- 
curred, much smaller than last year's, and compara- 
tively few visitors from other sections, but the address- 
es and business were of considerable interest. 

Sixth month, 13th, occurred the death of an old gen- 
tleman, William Miles, at Ashton, where he had lived 
for some years with an only daughter. His remains 
were taken to Pennsylvania, his former residence, to be 
buried. 



164 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

About this time, also occurred the death of Mrs. 
Catherine Bowie, near Olney. A lady of the older 
school of gentlewomen, she had been intimate with a 
past generation in Sandy Spring. 

Sixth month, 17th. A delightful company assem- 
bled at an early hour at Belmont, to christen the new 
barn, which was appropriately hung with lighted lan- 
terns and decorated with half-bushel measures of 
white daisies, and other choice Hewers of the field. A 
small piano was carried by strong farmer boys to the 
second square of the barn and discoursed sweet and 
inspiring strains to the merry dancers below, who dis- 
covered that the smooth, even floor above the gran- 
aries, was just right to "trip the light, fantastic toe" on. 
Some very fine choruses were rendered, and at the 
seasonable hour of 10, the large party dispersed, ex- 
claiming one and all, that a barn was the best place in 
the world in which to have a frolic. 

The quotation for this date, Sixth month, 17th, on 
the Dickens calendar, compiled a year previously by 
the hostess, was so singularly appropriate it shall be 
repeated here. 

"You young people don't know what it is to be low 
in your feelings, you always have your appetites too, 
and what a comfort that is." 

Sixth month, 19th. At the home of the bride, near 
Jordan Springs, Frederick county, Ya., Charles M. 
Pidgeon, of Sandy Spring, and Katie Duvall, of the 
former place, were married. The young couple came 
to reside at the old Chandlee homestead. 

In this month a small store was opened in the toll- 
house at Ednor, and a lamp-post planted at Ashton, 



ANNALS OF SAXDY SPKING. 165 

which gave rise to the suggestion that the new street 
should be called "Thomas Allie." 

In June and July, drenching rains continued, and 
forty-three inches of water had fallen in three months, 
while the yearly average is about forty-eight inches. 

The farmer who is generally a martyr to wet 
weather when he wants dry, and is suffocating with 
dust, when a little rain would be most acceptable, was 
more downhearted than usual as these storms con- 
tinued, preventing him from securing what little had 
not already floated way. 

The wheat crop up to the time of the May floods, 
promised a bountiful harvest, but whether the rain 
washed off the bloom, or hatched out the fly, or de- 
veloped the worm, or rusted the stalks, the yield was 
disappointing all the same, whatever the cause, and 
all the housekeepers can testify to the poor quality 
of runny flour, manufactured from this wheat, which 
made marriage almost a failure, and the bread to run 
out of the pans, no matter what was done to prevent 
it. 

The hay crop was abundant, but a great deal of it 
was ruined and left in the fields. 

Oats were below the standard and on some farms 
amost an entire loss. 

Later on the yield of potatoes was immense and they 
were as lovely to look upon as it was in the nature of 
potatoes to be, but many of them, so false and hollow 
within, that one farmer, at least, returned hundreds of 
bushels from his cellars to his fields again, and a 
wagoner excused his late returns from market by de- 
claring he had to take his potatoes each week to new 



166 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

customers, not daring to go back over his previous 
route. 

The immortal Dick Swiveller shut off a street in 
London every time he bought a garment, but this son 
of Africa seems to have closed up an avenue in Wash- 
ington whenever he sold a sack of potatoes. 

Fruit was scarce and inferior. 

In the midst of this gloomy outlook, the corn crop 
was large and of excellent quality, and it may have 
been these very corn-stalks that saved our discouraged 
and half-drowned farmers from striking out for Wash- 
ington in a body and demanding office under the new 
administration. 

The appearance of the railroad engineers, early in 
July, caused the usual flutter of excitement; new lines 
were run, stakes driven, trees blazed, brushes cut 
away, and when a little later, the president of the pro- 
posed road was seen riding over the route some of us 
whose chief diet is hope, almost heard the whistle and 
had narrow escapes in imagination from the locomo- 
tive, so much nearer did it seem than ever before, 
and we were all amiably disposed to wish that the 
"Gettysburg and Washington" would run, not be- 
tween our house and barn, but just over the line on 
our neighbor's farm. 

Seventh month, 3rd. At Emmanuel Church, 
more, by Episcopal ceremony. Dr. Samuel J. Scott, 
>andy Spring, and Miss Alary E. Webb, were mar- 
ried. 

The family of Edward X. Bentley moved from High- 
land to Homewood to live, and he secured a situation 
at the Grange Agency in Washington. 



ANNAXS OF SANDY SPRING. 167 

Seventh month, 20th. Sydney Snowden, son of Dr. 
Augustus and Helen Snowden Stabler, was born. 

Seventh month, 22nd. Gladys, daughter of Charles 
F. and Corrie M. Brooke, was born. 

Seventh month, 22nd. Roger Brooke Thomas, 
aged eighty-seven, died at the home of Charles G. 
Porter, where he had resided for a number of years. 

He had been watched over and tended in his long 
decline with a rare faithfulness and self-sacrifice on 
the part of his host and hostess. 

In this month, Dr. Frank Thomas and family started 
for Europe, and Warwick P. Miller, Henry C. Hallo- 
well and James P. Stabler went to Bremen and re- 
turned in five weeks, principally for the benefit of the 
ocean voyage. Arthur and Anna Stabler returned 
from an extended tour, embracing such widely sepa- 
rated points as New Orleans, California and British 
Columbia. 

Seventh month, 24th. Rebecca M. Thomas, aged 
seventy-two years, widow of the late William John 
Thomas, passed suddenly away at Mountain Lake 
Park, where she had gone with members of her fam- 
ily to attend a temperance convention. 

Few indeed have left behind such a record of useful- 
ness, industry and benevolence as our dear departed 
friend. 

In early life, she liberated her slaves, and joined the 
Society of Friends, becoming an active worker in all 
the business of the meeting, and an acceptable minis- 
ter, though oftentimes speaking with much diffidence 
and personal trial. 

Her practical charity was not only manifested in 



168 ANNALS OF SANDY SPBING. 

dispensing largely of her means, but the poor and 
wretched around her were often the recipients of the 
work of her hands. She assisted a number of poor 
women to buy sewing machines, and her generous im- 
>es took the effective form of doing the duty near- 
est to her. She often visited the jails and almshouse, 
performing offices oi mercy to the most degraded. 

The temperance cause was very dear to her heart, 
and in that, and other philanthropic work, she con- 
stantly labored by precept and example. 

In all the relations of life she seemed endowed with 
the faculty of bestowing and receiving devotion. 

Her ready sympathy and loving counsel endeared 
her especially to the young, and she was never a re- 
straint upon innocent society, but entered into all ra- 
tional recreations heartily, believing in development 
rather than repression. She had endured much 
physical suffering, and the sorrow of losing many near 
and dear, but her Christian graces were such she bore 
her burdens with cheerful resignation, and the peace- 
ful expression on her calm, placid face was ever a 
help to her friends and an attraction to strangers. 

The Sabbath before she passed away, looking out 
over the mountains, she remarked. "\\ "hat a beautiful 
place this would be to go to Heaven from !" and on 
morning s to have journeyed home, out of 

an apparently quiet and .dreamless sleep, she awoke in 
the "Home of the Soul." On the afternoon of the 
twenty-fifth many relatives and friends, from far and 
near, assembled at the house of Samuel P. Thomas to 
offer tributes of love and esteem, and to follow her re- 
mains to their last resting-place at the meeting-house. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 169 

Eighth month, ist. William Davis, son of Charles 
R. and Ella L. Hartshorne, was born. 

Eighth month, 12th, might be fitly termed a "field- 
day." First, there was a game of baseball played at 
Clarksville, between a picked nine from Sandy Spring, 
and the same number from Howard County, resulting 
in a signal defeat to the latter. In the afternoon the 
tennis tournament, commenced on the previous day, 
was continued to the bitter end. Olney Grange held 
its regular meeting at five o'clock, and there was a 
large company in the evening. If all the pitchers and 
catchers, servers and receivers, worthy brothers and 
sisters, dancing youths and maidens, were not 
exhausted that night, they certainly demonstrated the 
capacity of our inhabitants for unlimited endurance in 
the matter of. amusement. 

"Excitement and tranquility" are doubtless the main 
constituents of a satisfied life, and Sandy Springs will 
be a favored neighborhood if our people can have 
the first without excess, and enjoy the second without 
stagnation. 

An interest in outdoor sports seems to be growing 
steadily in our midst. A great many years ago, when 
your historian was young, the farmer boy seemed 
to find sufficient exercise in the wheat and potato 
field ; but, now, it is on the football or lawn-tennis 
grounds that he displays his acme of strength and 
industry. 

There is much to be said in favor of physical culture ; 
for no one can have complete control of nerve and 
muscle unless he is temperate in eating and drink- 



170 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ing, and of regular and abstemious habits. The trained 
athlete dares not indulge in any excess. 

In view of broken bones, contused heads and twist- 
ed limbs, there is much improvement to be desired 
in the rough manner of playing some of the games. 
We may also note the fact that while "all work and 
no play makes Jack a dull boy," too much play and 
too little work will undoubtedly develop Jack's mus- 
cles, but it will never extend his pocketbook. 

In the dark, middle ages of history, the body was 
despised and crucified. We are getting now still fur- 
ther back to the Greek civilization when it was cul- 
tivated and deified. Memory does not have to travel 
very far to the days when people grew up just as the 
chairs they sat on, or the desks they leaned over, or 
the clothes often misfitted on them made them grow, 
and they walked every and any way that seemed 
most convenient for locomotion. But now the girl is 
told she must draw her chin in towards her neck, 
throw her shoulders back, hold her elbows in easy line 
with her waist, to secure an erect and graceful carri- 
age. She must not drag her feet in meandering 
lines either, but must have a firm and even tread as 
if she meant something by walking. The boy must 
not hug his hands out of sight, nor let his head ar- 
rive at home before he does, nor fidget about as if his 
muscles governed him instead of the reverse. 

It is getting more difficult every year to live up to 
standards of excellence. A great many of us will die 
of old age before we have time to learn half that pro- 
fessors of physical culture and professors of mental 
culture and every other sort of culture are willing and 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 171 

anxious to teach us. It used to be thought sufficient 
to be morally good ; but my dear young people, now, 
just as far as you possibly can, you must be healthy 
and physically good also, or you will be quite left be- 
hind in the requirements of our modern life. 

In the Eighth month, a postoff.ce was established 
at Oakdale and Samuel Bond made postmaster. Later 
on another post-office was established at Holland's 
Corner, named ''Norwood," and James M. Holland 
appointed postmaster. 

"In August came our usual influx of visitors and 
strangers. This cheerful element like the lilies of the 
field, "toil not, neither do they spin ;" but some of 
them at least, departing, leave behind them substan- 
tial mementoes in the shape of sundry greenbacks, as 
lawful tender for the rather unusual privilege board- 
ers enjoy in this community. 

While we are advised to extend hospitality to all 
comers, of high and low degree, that we may per- 
chance entertain an angel unawares, two old writers 
have expressed themselves so well on this subject, I 
will quote their admonitions for what they are worth : 

"We must have charity towards all, but familiarity 
with all is not expedient ;" and the second is still more 
pithy — "Lay not violent hands on strangers." 

Ernest Iddings about this time purchased the Cong- 
don farm near Riverside and returned to this neigh- 
borhood to live. 

Albert Stabler decided to devote his whole atten- 
tion to the business of life insurance in Washington 
and Tarleton, and Mortimer Stabler took charge of 
his farm at Lay Hill. 



172 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Ninth month, 14th. Henry H. Miller was married 
at Siasconset, Mass., to Helen Gray of Washington. 
The young couple took up their abode at Stanmore. 
which was slightly remodeled to accommodate two 
families. 

It does not often fall to the lot of one man, as in 
this case, to be married and nominated for the legis- 
lature on the same day. 

Ninth month, 19th. The Montgomery County 
Women's Christian Temperance Union held a pleas- 
ant and profitable convention at the Lyceum. Pattie 
T. Farquhar reported good work done among the 
children of various "Bands of Hope," and Mary E. 
Moore's account of the colored mission school at 
Sharp Street was most suggestive. Mary Magruder, 
State Organizer, made a forcible plea in behalf of the 
cause she is so interested in. 

The afternoon session closed with the reading of a 
memorial to Rebecca M. Thomas, a valued member 
of the organization, and the election of the following 
officers : 

President, Sarah T. Miller. 
Vice-president, Mary E. Moore. 
Corresponding secretary, Annie F. Gilpin. 
Recording secretary, Rebecca T. Miller. 
Treasurer, Sarah E. Stabler. 

In the evening a full house listened to an address 
from the Rev. Anna Shaw, of Chicago, who had been 
present at the convention. 

Of the many fine speeches made in the Lyceum, 
few could compare with hers in logic, humor and 
force of expression. Miss Shaw has been an ordained 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 173 

minister for eight years in the Methodist Protestant 
Church. 

Rockland, Sherwood and the various public schools 
had now resumed their labors with a good attendance, 
and more scholars had gone from the neighborhood 
to Swarthmore, than ever before. 

A gratifying improvement is to be noted in the pub- 
lic school at Sandy Spring under the care of Sarah 
Scofield. 

The public school at Alloway, conducted by Alice 
T. and Lillie B. Stabler, is now called Oakley school. 

Later in the year, Jessie B. Stabler took charge of 
the public school at Olney. 

It should be a subject of congratulation that so 
large a number of our young women are self-sup- 
porting; many as teachers, some in the care of little 
children or plying the needle, some as companions for 
the infirm, others assisting in household work, and sev- 
eral as typewriters. The girls obtain situations now- 
days with as much, or greater, facility than the boys, 
and who knows but that each of these independent 
damsels may in time be able to support a husband, 
and support him well, too ! 

Tenth month, 29th. Many persons attended Bal- 
timore yearly meeting which was held for the first 
time in the fine, new meeting-house on Park Avenue. 
At Bloomfield on 3rd day, 29th, of the Tenth month, 
Richard T. Bentley died in his seventy-first year. On 
the following, 5th day, a large concourse of relations, 
neighbors and friends gathered to pay their last tri- 
bute of respect and followed his remains to the burial- 



174 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ground at Sandy Spring meeting-house, where he 
was interred. 

For over five years he had been the victim of a 
malady that neither the assiduous care of a devoted 
wife, nor the no-less-willing services of his anxious 
children, could arrest or alleviate. 

His death, therefore, was not unexpected, al- 
though within two weeks of that event he seemed 
to defy the agony he suffered and went regularly to 
his business. 

He was born at Bloomfield in 1819, an event his 
father celebrated by planting the locust trees that 
have since grown so large in front of the old home- 
stead. 

He spent his early life at his birthplace, and re- 
ceived all his education at schools in this vicinity. 
When quite a lad he secured a clerkship in Washing- 
. where he remained two years, but business life in 
the city was distasteful to him and its pleasures of- 
fered little to his fancy. He preferred the freedom of 
the country and the more rational enjoyments it af- 
forded. He, therefore, returned to his old home and 
made farming his pursuit. He entered upon his chos- 
en field of labor with energy and followed it to suc- 
cess. 

He found "Bloomfield" poor and sterile, he left it 
rich and productive. 

He was instrumental in forming the Farmers' Club 
of Sandy Spring, and its first organized meeting was 
held at his house. During the long period of nearly 
fifty years, which it has been in existence, he was an 
active, useful and valued member. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 175 

In connection with the late Alban Gilpin, he con- 
ducted a general mercantile business, for many years, 
in the store his father assisted to establish in 1817 at 
Sandy Spring. In this business he continued until 
the fall of 1885, when he withdrew from the firm. His 
uniform courtesy, honorable dealing and exact meth- 
ods brought the natural reward of prosperity and he 
retired with the good-will and best wishes of his num- 
erous customers and friends 

About this time he relinquished the care of his farm 
to his eldest son, giving him sole direction of it. 

In the public institutions which center in Sandy 
Spring, he took a deep interest and an active part in 
their management. He was among the very first to es- 
tablish the Library, and a liberal patron of the Ly- 
ceum. 

He was a director of the insurance company from 
its beginning in 1848, and on the death of Edward 
Stabler, its 'first president, in 1884, he was elected to 
fill that office, and he continued to discharge its re- 
sponsible duties with fidelity and honor to the time 
of his death. 

He was appointed postmaster at Sandy Spring 
about the same time, and this office he likewise held 
until death released him from all earthly cares. 

In the success of the Sandy Spring Savings Institu- 
tion he was also much interested and was a direc- 
tor from its inception, and a cautious, conservative 
and faithful manager of its affairs. 

In the Society of Friends, in which he held a birth- 
right membership, he took a deep and abiding interest. 
He loved it for the principles it held and was 



176 AlN-NALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

thoroughly conversant with its history and traditions. 
In the latter years of his life he took an active part in 
its proceedings and in his own and the yearly meet- 
ings his counsel and aid were often in request. He 
was a prominent member of the Indian Committee of 
Baltimore yearly meeting for twenty years and he 
gave to the unfortunate race under its supervision 
much thought, attention and time. 

Although he was not a politician in the generally 
accepted sense of the term, he was a close observer of 
national, state and neighborhood affairs. 

He held decided opinions on public policy, and his 
voice was heard, his influence exerted, and his vote 
cast on the side of good government and what he 
considered was for the advancement of the moral and 
national interests of his fellow-citizens. But there was 
another side to his character, that those who new him 
personally never ceased to admire. 

In his friendship he was steadfast and true, in his 
intercourse with all, the courteous gentleman. His 
social characteristics, his ready wit and genial dispo- 
sition made him a delightful companion and a wel- 
come guest in every household. 

His hospitality was acknowledged far and wide and 
his home was a center where relatives and friends 
loved to gather. Courtesy without effusion, dignity 
without stiffness, vivacity without levity, marked his 
intercourse with those he entertained. Impulsive by 
nature his emotions were controlled, and his conduct 
regulated by a high moral code which gave him the 
manly courage to acknowledge a fault, and the grace 
of heart to redress a wrong. To a tale of trouble his 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING, 17 1 

benevolence made substantial response, and he "gave 
to misery more than a tear." 

To his children he has left an honest name of which 
they may well be proud, to the rising generation an 
example of manhood worthy of imitation, and to his 
contemporaries a blank that will remain unfilled. 

M. K. 

In the Tenth month, Benjamin H. Miller was ap- 
pointed Indian inspector and started on extensive 
travels in the far northwest, as portrayed in some in- 
teresting letters which appeared from time to time 
in the country press. 

Robert H. Miller was appointed by Governor Jack- 
son to represent the State of Maryland at the Farm- 
ers' Convention, held in Alabama in November. 

The Farmers' Hotel and Stable at 1210 Ohio Ave- 
nue, Washington, was now in good running order. 
Dr. Frank Thomas of our neighorhood after eighteen 
years of market-going realized the necessity of com- 
fortable and cheap quarters for respectable farmers 
who go to Washington with their produce. He 
therefore purchased a large property on Ohio Ave- 
nue and erected thereon a convenient hotel and stable 
capable of accommodating many persons, horses and 
wagons. It is what the farmers have long needed 
and should have a hearty support. 

Eleventh month, 7th. At a special meeting of the 
board of directors of the insurance company, Joseph 
T. Moore was elected president to succeed the late 
Richard T. Bentley. Thomas L. Moore resigned, amid 
many expressions of regret, his office of assistant sec- 
retary and Allan Farquhair was chosen in his place. 



178 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Captain John MacDonald of Potomac, was made di- 
rector. 

The Rev. J. S. Kieffer of Hagerstown, gave one of 
his interesting and instructive lectures at the Lyceum 
for the benefit of the temperance cause. His subject 
was "Memory." 

About the middle of November the pleasant and 
hospitable home at Highland was broken up by the 
removal of William Lea, jr., and family to Wilming- 
ton, Delaware. 

For twenty-five years William Lea, jr., had lived 
among us, identifying himself thoroughly with the 
interests of the people. An excellent farmer, good 
business man and kind-hearted neighbor, he will be 
greatly missed. 

Newton Stabler took charge of the Highland farm. 

Twelth month 1st. Thomas L. Moore and wife 
went to Richmond, Virginia, to live. 

Assistant secretary of the insurance company, 
president of the Lyceum, director in the bank, promi- 
nent in social, as well as in business life, in the depart- 
ure of a young man so universally esteemed, our 
neighborhood sustained a great loss. 

Twelfth month, 3rd. R. Rowland Moore had a 
narrow escape from death on the farm of Samuel Hop- 
kins at White Hail. While working in a well it caved 
in on him and he was buried alive, and only extricated 
after two hours hard labor. An arch was formed 
by the falling stones which preserved him from seri- 
ous injury, although he suffered severe bruises. 

In this month, George B. Miller was made presi- 
dent of the Lyceum, and appointed postmaster at San- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 179 

dy Spring to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death 
of the late Richard T. Bentley. 

Samuel Bond and John Thomas were elected di- 
rectors of the savings institution. 

Twelth month, 24th. Richard Thomas, son of Ed- 
ward N. and Hallie J. Bentley, was born. 

Christmas day was balmy and beautiful, football 
and lawn tennis were played in a temperature just 
right for outdoor sports. 

During the succeeding weeks we had the perfection 
of weather, more like October than January, and the 
numerous girls and boys enjoying their holidays from 
school and college had hardly a cloud to mar the bril- 
liant sunshine, or a storm to curtail the festivities of the 
season. On one afternoon in this week the Alloway 
family entertained the fifty-four scholars from the pub- 
lic school near them, Warwick Miller gave the boys 
a spread at the schoolhouse, and the girls were in- 
vited to Alloway to tea, where they were regaled with 
pictures and music, and on leaving each child was pre- 
sented with a hothouse plant to carry home, contrib- 
uted by Mrs. Joseph Shoemaker of Germantown. 

Twelfth month, 28th. Margaret E., daughter of 
Caroline H, and the late Frances Miller, was married 
at Stanmore by Friends' ceremony to Samuel M. Jan- 
ney. Many relatives and friends from other states at- 
tended this pleasant wedding. The bride and groom 
went immediately to their home in New York City. 

About this time a most mysterious disease which 
had started in Russia, and traversed the European 
countries with wonderful rapidity, respecting neither 



180 AXXALS OF SANDY SPBING. 

prince nor peasant, landed in New York and lost but 
little time in reaching Sandy Spring. 

For many weeks nearly all our inhabitants were 
obliged to entertain, with greater or less severity, this 
unwelcome foreigner that could boast of as many 
names as a royal personage, or stalked abroad in 
aliases like a thief. 

vSometimes whole families were prostrated ; again 
a single sufferer would be attacked and not half a 
dozen households escaped entirely. 

The Russian influenza, or la grippe, or "Tyler 
fever," or plain "grip," or whatever this painful mal- 
ady should be called, was distinguished by symptoms 
of all other diseases besides a few unmistakable ones 
cf its own, and as no two persons seemed to enjoy the 
affliction in just the same way, it created as much talk 
and speculation as the coming of the railroad or the 
name of the national flower. 

Everyone agreed, however, that this latest style of 
bacteria, direct from Paris, developed in the human 
frame the worst backache, the most splitting headache, 
greater weakness, and more dizziness, and general 
miser}-, than any new and untried disease ever im- 
ported into Sandy Spring before. Regarded at first 
as rather a joke than otherwise, it cost many persons 
a long and dangerous illness and in the cities was ex- 
tremely fatal. 

First month, 9th, 1890. Uriah B. Kirk, formerly of 
Woodburn, Sandy Spring, died very suddenly at his 
residence in Philadelphia. His remains were brought 
here and interred at Woodside cemetery. 

The many relatives and friends of this pleasant, gen- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. iai 

ial gentleman will greatly miss his visits each sum- 
mer to our neighborhood. 

First month, 12th. The mercury was 70 ° in the 
shade, the same temperature as the fourth of July, 
1889. Violets, dandelions and rose-buds were picked 
on that day, willows put forth their leaves, maples 
budded. We began to be frightened and to feel that 
the weather was out of joint, and to wonder if it was 
last summer or next we were enjoying. 

First month, 16th, 1890. Two more wires were 
placed on the telegraph line ; this we were informed 
was rendered necessary by an increase of business 
with the south. 

The farmers held their annual convention at the 
Lyceum on First month, 21st. 

About one hundred practical farmers of Montgom- 
ery county and adjacent parts of Prince George 
were present and took great interest in the discus- 
sions. 

Henry C. Hallowell, who had been president of the 
convention since its organization in 1873, presided, 
with Frank Snowden as secretary. 

President Hallowell urged the farmers to keep up 
with the times and to look at questions that came be- 
fore them from all sides. 

"Almost every new method," he said, "in farming 
creates opposition at first, and this is only done away 
with when familiarity with the new method proves it 
to be better than the old." He was particularly anx- 
ious that farmers should not grumble about hard times. 
"If anything can be done, do it ; if nothing can be 



X82 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

done, don't fret; you know the old saying, "Heaven 
has no room for the discouraged." 

Prof. Henry E. Alvord, President of the Maryland 
Agricultural College, made the report of a committee 
on creameries. 

Air. J. B. Alger, of Prince George, offered a resolu- 
tion, which was unanimously adopted, endorsing the 
proposition of the state convention of farmers and 
their memorial to the legislature, asking the appoint- 
ment of a state board of agriculture and appropriating 
$4,000 annually for expenses in holding farmers' in- 
stitutes in the counties. 

There were general discussions on the best manner 
of keeping ensilage, the proper way of preventing the 
killing out of clover, the necessity of a dog law, and 
the advisibility of having a county treasurer instead 
of the present corps of tax collectors. 

First month, 21st. William Somers. son of Mary 
and the late Mortimer Osburn, died in his forty-second 
year, at his residence in Baltimore. His remains were 
brought to Sandy Spring and buried at the meeting- 
house on the twenty-third. 

A long and painful struggle with disease had been 
the portion for many years of this devoted son and 
brother, yet his patience and cheerfulness seldom 
flagged, and his energy enabled him to attend to his 
business almost to the last of an industrious life. 

In Baltimore First month, 23rd, 1890, at the winter 
residence of Edward L. Palmer of Sandy Spring, his 
eldest daughter, Eleanor, was married by Friends' 
ceremony to Carroll W. Williams of Philadelphia. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 183 

Second month, 2nd. Eliza, daughter of John C. 
and Cornelia H. Bentley, was born. 

Allan Farquhar was appointed one of a commission 
of five to build the new court-house at Rockville. 

Mahlon Chandlee, our oldest inhabitant, died Sec- 
ond month, 5th, in his one hundredth year, having 
survived his mother, who passed away when he was 
very young, just ninety-nine years. 

He was born Twelfth month, 22nd, 1790, a short 
distance from the place of his death, upon what was 
part of a grant of 17,000 acres given to his ancestor, 
James Brooke, by King Charles II. of England. 

He was educated at Westtown boarding-school in 
Pennsylvania, and was married to Catherine Frame of 
this neighborhood, and settled on his farm of 
400 acres, where he lived all his long, industrious life. 
The old farmhouse and the mill he built command a 
lovely view of rolling hill and valley, and he was es- 
pecially fond of his fine timber lands and had a pas- 
sion for planting groves of chestnut and oak trees. 

He cast his first vote for Madison, was afterwards 
a whig and republican in turn, and voted for both 
Harrisons, who have been elected presidents. 

For many years he was in the habit of visiting the 
city to transact his business, but could not be in- 
duced to stay over night, and last July made the jour- 
ney to Baltimore, returning home the same evening. 
He attracted attention wherever he went, being fully 
six feet tall and to within a few years of his death very 
erect ; he never forsook the quaint and peculiar garb 
of the primitive Friend. 

His sight remained strong enough to the very last 



1-4 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

to enable him to read, and his hearing was only 
slightly defective. 

His untiring energy and enjoyment of work kept 
him always busy on his farm, or in his garden, until 
past ninety, and of late years he amused himself by 
gratifying a natural mechanical taste in a small shop 
near his house, where he labored persistently on per- 
petual motion machines and other more probable and 
practical contrivances. 

Early in February, at a meeting of the Montgomery 
County Agricultural Society, held in Rockville, Rob- 
ert H. Miller was elected president and John C. Bent- 
ley one of the vice-presidents. 

George L. Stabler moved with his family from Lea- 
wood Mills, (which was purchased by Mrs. Haviland) 
into a house at Ashton. The new home is called the 
"Gables." 

Second month, 26th. A large and pleasant public 
meeting was held at Olney Grange Hall. 

Representatives from various Granges in Montgom- 
ery and adjacent counties were present, and all ex- 
tended a warm welcome to the national master, J. M. 
Brigham, of Ohio. This gentleman, fully six and a 
half feet tall, of fine and imposing presence, gave us an 
excellent address. 

He had no sympathy, he said, with the perpetual 
cry of hard times, low prices and high taxes among 
the farmers. They held their redress in the ballot ; 
as long as they consented to be represented by law- 
yers, they could not expect the farming interests to 
have a hearing in the halls of Congress. 

The most remarkable winter of which we have au- 



ANNALS OF SAXDY SPBING. 185 

thentic record was now verging toward spring. The 
ground had hardly been frozen and only twice white 
with snow, scarcely three inches having fallen. 

The coldest days of the winter were December 5th, 
twenty-three degrees above zero, January 22d, twenty 
degrees February 7th, twenty-two degrees. 

The three warmest days were December 26th, sev- 
enty-three degrees above zero ; January 13th, seventy- 
six degrees; February 26th, seventy-four degrees. 
Plenty of rain had descended on the just and unjust, 
fruit trees, shrubs and flowers had been blooming all 
the time, the grass had never lost its color or fresh- 
ness, and the wheat was unhealthily high. The weak- 
ening effects of this unseasonable weather had been 
ft It by everyone, and deprived of the tonic of frosty 
days and nights, there had been more sickness than 
for years. 

In contradiction to the usual course in a mild win- 
ter more persons had sought the city than ever before. 
Eliza Brooke, of Falling Green, spent some months 
near Philadelphia. Rebecca T. Miller went to Texas 
for a long visit ; Arthur Stabler and wife, William 
Riggs and family, Sallie Ellicott and family, Caroline 
H. Miller, Kate Stabler, Elizabeth Tyson and others, 
had closed their homes, and at one time there were 
eleven houses abandoned in Sandy Spring for the 
time being. 

The first week of the Third month was character- 
ized by regular March weather. Cold storms of rain 
and snow came from the south ; the mercury fell to 
ttn degrees above zero, and w r e had our first real 
shiver of the season. The fruit was killed again for 



1SG ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

the third or fourth time. Some farmers gathered a few 
loads of an inferior quality of ice, one new ice-house, 
at least, having remained an aching void all winter. 

Third month, 4th. At White Hall, the residence of 
Samuel Hopkins, Herbert S. Adams, of Howard 
county, favorably known as a veterinary surgeun in 
this section, was married to Miss Annie Hamlin, of 
England. The newly-married couple left for Chicago, 
their future home. 

Third month, 5th. Warwick P. Miller, wife and 
two daughters (Janet and Isabelle), with Ellen Far- 
quhar, started for an extensive European trip. 

Third month, 8th. A tenant-house on the farm of 
Joseph T. Moore, jr., was burned to the ground, and 
a respectable old colored woman, Mary Budd, perish- 
ed in the flames. The cause of this fire and loss of 
life was undoubtedly the reckless use of kerosene. 

Sheriff Carr, of Montgomery county, died very 
suddenly on Third month, nth, and 'Squire Fairall, 
of Sandy Spring, was appointed on the 12th by Gov- 
ernor Jackson to fill the position. 

Third month, 15th and 16th, gave us cold and blus- 
tering winds, snow flurries and a wintry chill in the 
air, quite out of keeping with the date. 

Third month, 17th, Charles Chandlee, son of Charles 
and Kate Pidgeon, was born. 

Third month, 20th, an exhibition was given at the 
Lyceum of a phonograph, to a large audience, which 
was greatly entertained by this wonderful machine, 
that sang so well, laughed so heartily, and talked with 
such facility. The human race appeared quite old- 
fashioned beside it. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 187 

Third month, 26th, Arthur Stabler was appointed 
cashier of the office of collector of customs, in Bal- 
timore. 

Third month, 2.6th, Margaret, daughter of Guioa 
and Annie Tyler Miller, was born. 

Third month, 28th, Granville Elgar, son of Gran- 
ville and Pattie T. Farquhar, was born. 

Robert H. Brooke secured a situation on the new 
extension of the Norfolk and Western Railroad, and 
left for Kentucky. Earnest Iddings went to Phila- 
delphia to engage in business in the Bell Telephone 
Company, leaving his wife and her brother in charge 
of their new place, "Atholwood." A bank was estab- 
lished at Laurel, to be known as the Citizens National 
Bank, with a capital stock of $50,000, and Alban G. 
Thomas was appointed one of the directors. 

Fourth month, 1st, we had a driving snow, not 
enough, however, to cover the wheat, which peeped 
through its white mantle in emerald freshness. 

But one new society, called 'The Anonymous 
Club," has been started in the past year. This is dis- 
tinctly literary in its character, meets every two 
weeks, and includes whole families in its membership. 

R. Rowland Moore purchased a tract of woodland 
on ''Bradford's Rest," and Hallie J. Lea bought a 
small house and lot adjoining Eldon. A new barn at 
Fair Hill, and a tenant-house on Rockland farm must 
be noted. But our people seemed to have turned all 
their attention to building ice-houses. New ones are 
now waiting to be filled at Rock Spring, Bloomfield,. 
Norwood and Falling Green. 

Thoreau says, "There is no philosophy equal to the 



188 AXXALS OF SANDY SPIRING. 

observation of the things before you," and in the gath- 
ering together and contemplation of all the events, 
great and small, your historian has ample opportunity 
to note, and to comment on, the various changes 
which occur from year to year. 

Many have left us in the past twelve months to 
seek a living elsewhere, and the reaper, Death, has, 
indeed, been busy in our midst, calling away nearly 
all the older members of our community ; the grand- 
fathers and grandmothers, the interesting, and in 
many cases, beautiful old faces that adorned the high 
seats in the meeting-house, the stay and the centre 
of many homes and families. As these true and tried 
ones pass beyond their earthly joys and sorrows 
our individual efforts should increase to fill worthily 
their vacant places, to continue their good works, to 
make the Sandy Spring of the future all their lives 
made it in the past. To each and every one of us 
there is nothing so important as the present moment ; 
if we do not speak the kind word right now, if we do 
not crush out the unneighborly thought before it 
rankles and bears fruit, if we do not perform the right 
action on the instant, it is all too late, and we have lost 
forever the favored moment. 

"Remember, three things come not back — 
The arrow sent upon its track — 
It will not swerve, it will not stay, 
It speeds to wound or slay. 

"The spoken word, so soon forgot 
By thee, but it has perished not; 
In other hearts 'tis living still, 
And doing work for good or ill. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 189 

"And the lost opportunity 

That cometh back no more to thee — 

In vain thou weepest, in vain dost yearn, 

Those three will never more return." 



CHAPTER VIII. 

From Fourth Month, 1S90, to Fourth Month, 1891. 

Henry Stanley Newman, of England, lectured on India — 
Visit from Mrs. James A. Garfield to Fair Hill — First 
business meeting- of Friends in joint session, held in 
the meeting-house at Sandy Spring — John D. Mac- 
Pherson lectured — Obituaries of Ray Miller, John 
Marsh Smith, Henry Stabler, Eliza Palmer Griffith, 
Elizabeth Hopkins, Dorcas Pumphrey, Robert Sulli- 
van, Orlando Hutton and Washington W. Owens. 

At the annual meeting- of the Lyceum Company, 
Fourth month, 7th, 1890, George B. Miller was elected 
president for the ensuing year, Elizabeth T. Stabler 
chosen secretary, and Samuel Wetherald continued as 
treasurer. With lamentable negligence nothing was 
said about a change of historian, though the present 
incumbent is a firm believer in rotation of office and is 
loathe to retain, year after year, all the honors, re- 
sponsibilities, and emoluments of a position she 
feels convinced many in this audience are willing and 
anxious to assume. She wishes it distinctly under- 
stood that a very small minority will be as potent as 
the largest majority in separating her from a task that 
should now descend to younger hands, and fresher, 
brighter heads. 



190 AiXNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Fourth month, 7th. Catherine Stabler sold at auc-- 
tion her household goods, and broke up her pleasant 
little home at Ashton, preparatory to a long sojourn 
with her sister Margaret S. Hallowell. 

Fourth month, 9th, was "Arbor day," and no nec- 
essity for watering pots, as the skies furnished suffi- 
cient showers, as if that was all it needed, to make any 
tree grow. 

There were ceremonies at the public school under 
the care of Sarah Scofield, and several trees planted, 
but no general observance on account of the weather, 

William Milstead, who had so long and pleasantly 
served the people at Sandy Spring store, left for a 
good position with Percy M. Reese, of Baltimore, and 
Mr. Hyatt of Olney took his place. 

Fourth month, 10th. A most interesting lecture 
was delivered at the Lyceum on India by Henry Stan- 
ley Newman of England. The next evening this same 
pleasant, fluent speaker gave another address at the 
Orthodox meeting-house, describing his travels in 
Palestine. 

Fourth month, 13th and 14th. The mercury climb- 
ed towards 90° and orchards burst into bloom. This 
untimely heat was followed, in a few days, by a heavy 
frost that killed nearly all the fruit in this section, and 
made the housekeepers tremble at the prospect of an 
appleless and peachless summer ; fortunately the ber- 
ries escaped with their lives, and later on there was an 
immense crop of blackberries that did excellent ser- 
vice. 

Fourth month 14th. A very enjoyable entertain- 
ment was given at Brighton Grange Hall ; music by 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 191 

the Sandy Spring quartet and two little plays cred- 
itably acted by some of the young folks. The proceeds 
to buy a piano for Brighton Grange. 

Every one knows what happens in the springtide to 
the robin's breast, the wanton lapwing, the burnished 
dove, and the young man's fancy. Happily, many 
other objects undergo transforming processes, so 
there is ever a lovely and bewildering variety in na- 
ture. The elixir of life and growth once more en- 
chants us, and those who do not rejoice in their coun- 
try homes, amid this miracle of returning leaf and 
blossom, must be dead to all the subtle influences 
around them. 

Fourth month, 20th and 21st. Our Orthodox 
Friends held their quarterly meeting. Rufus King 
from North Carolina, James Carey Thomas, Mary 
Snowden Thomas and many others were present. 

On the evening of Fourth month, 24th, at the Ly- 
ceum, a quartet of male voices from Washington 
discoursed sweet music. W. G. Chichester, jr., gave 
us his harmonican solo, and some of the young people 
of the neighborhood, assisted by Miss Elise Hutton, 
acted a little play extremely well. 

Fourth month, 27th. Mrs. James A. Garfield made 
a brief visit to Fair Hill, accompanied by her son-in- 
law and daughter, now Mrs. Stanley Brown. Ever 
since the summer of 1881, Mrs. Garfield has been an 
object of affectionate interest to the American people 
who watched with her by the bedside of her dying 
husband. 

Fifth month, 1st. A stage line from Forest Glen to 
Olney, Sandy Spring and Ashton, was established by 



192 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Leonard Stabler, and at once proved a great conven- 
ience tiirough the hot months up to October, when it 
was discontinued. 

Fifth month, 3rd. John Thomas purchased at pub- 
lic auction some 200 acres of land from -the Donahoo 
estate. This property originally belonged to the heirs 
of Richard Thomas of Cherry Grove, who sold it some 
thirty-five years ago for thirty dollars per acre. The 
price now paid was nine dollars and fifty cents, a very 
discouaging commentary on the depreciation of the 
value of land since our fathers were young. 

Fifth month, 9th and 10th. A large party of vari- 
ous ages, and both sexe£. went by private conveyance 
to Cabin John Bridge and the falls of the Potomac, 
and greatly enjoyed the wonderful arch of stone and 
the charming scenery so near us, and yet remaining to 
many as unknown and unvisited as the interior of 
Africa. 

About this time R. Rowland Moore purchased a 
large tract of woodland beyond Xorbeck and began 
cutting railroad ties from it. Joseph T. Moore, jr., 
started a small saw and grist mill on his farm. 

The introduction of portable engines has made 
many innovations in old time methods, and the mod- 
ern farmer, instead of taking his corn to mill with his 
bag balanced by a stone in one end, not infrequently 
now has the mill come to 'his grist. Wood is sawed, en- 
silage cut, feed ground, and the purring little steam 
sen-ant dees the work of many men in a single clay. 

Fourth month, 22nd. Our genial friend, Charles 
H. Brooke of Falling Green, who always does every- 
thing at the right time of the moon, was enabled to 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 193 

realize his pet scheme and long-contemplated desire, 
to lead a large company of neighbors to Damascus 
(not the ancient one), where the day was spent, and 
that most unusual pleasure, a successful picnic, en- 
joyed. 

It is needless to say that the 22nd was not "Friday," 
and that more than thirteen persons participated in 
this well-managed excursion. 

In this month, a letter dropped in the office in 
Rome, Italy, with no other address than the name 
of the person, and two words, "Sandy Spring," under 
it, was received at the latter place. This incident either 
goes to show the perfection of the international postal 
system, or emphasizes the fact that Sandy Spring 
must be almost as well-known as "The Eternal City." 

Brookeville about this time was incorporated as a 
town — the founder, Richard Thomas, says one of his 
descendants was probably the first man in Montgom- 
ery County in favor of woman's rights, as he named 
the place for his wife, who was a Brooke, or she may 
have thought that men had no rights and named it for 
herself. 

Sarah A. Chandlee, who had been a resident of our 
neighborhood for more than seventeen years, returned 
to her old home, Hopewell, Va., and requested Sandy 
Spring meeting to forward her certificate of member- 
ship to Hopewell meeting. 

Dr. Roger Brooke completed a convenient addi- 
tion to his house, with a very nice office for his own 
use. 

Alban G. Thomas built yet again to his house, in 
the shape of a large and delightful dining-room below 



194 ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 

and pleasant chambers above, and has, we under- 
stand, promised it and himself a long rest from the 
sound of the hammer and saw. 

Fifth month, nth. Charles H. and Annie F. 
Brooke passed the twenty-fifth anniversary of their 
wedding-day without celebration. 

Fifth month, 20th. A very severe thunder-storm oc- 
curred early in the morning, to be followed by many 
others in the next two months. 

The cottage, called Wayside, belonging to Dr. 
Augustus Stabler, was rented by a family named Colt, 
from Washington, who afterwards purchased, improv- 
ed and renamed it Wrenwood. 

Sixth month, 4th. The first business meeting in 
joint session was held in Sandy Spring meeting- 
house to take into consideration proposed changes 
in the discipline. Flistory repeated itself, as just one 
hundred years ago the same thing occurred here. 

Sixth month, 7th. Henry Stabler of Roslyn, died 
at the home upon which his busy hands had labored 
so long and so faithfully. 

Born in Alexandria, \ 'irginia, in 1818, he was the 
last of a family of fifteen children. Coming to Sandy 
Spring in early manhood, he married Mary, daughter 
of Elizabeth Lea of Walnut Hill, and the young couple 
went to reside at Roslyn where they spent the re- 
mainder of their lives. 

For some years he engaged in merchandise, and 
later carried on an extensive canning business and the 
raising of fine seed-corn that acquired a deserved rep- 
utation. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 195 

A clear-headed and well-informed man, he was 
loted for his liberality of thought and action. 

While venerating the old he did not discourage the 
new, and was ever the friend of progressive word and 
deed. He had the pen of a ready writer, and his ar- 
ticles on religious topics, written for the "circle," were 
admirable. 

He was interred at Woodside, Sixth month, 9th, 
near the wife of his youth, to whom, during an excep- 
tionally long invalidism, he had been a most faithful 
and self-sacrificing nurse and companion. 

Sixth month, 10th, Ray, daughter of Guion and An- 
nie Tyler Miller, died, after a brief illness, in Wash- 
ington, and was buried at Sandy Spring on the after- 
noon of the 1 rth. This attractive infant, in her short 
span of life, had endeared herself to all who knew her 
in a singularly tender manner; and now, 

Death, in a broidered slip aaid cap 
Has left her to lie in her mother's lap 
In a 'babyhood immortal." 

On the 9th, 10th and nth, the mercury crept up 
until it touched one hundred, followed on the after- 
noon of the 12th by a severe hail-storm that greatly in- 
jured the wheat and corn on several farms in its track. 
Hailstones, four inches in circumference, were picked 
up, and some persons filled their refrigerators for the 
first and only time that season. So great w r as the fall 
of temperature in a few hours fires had to be lighted 
for comfort, and we wondered whether we were locat- 
ed nearest the equator or north pole. 

As the June days grew longer and hotter, and the 



196 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

small supply of snow and ice secured melted away in 
the ardent heat, the question of keeping butter, cream 
and meats became an interesting problem, and vari- 
ous methods were adopted to dispense with the lux- 
ury which Ave all felt had become a necessity. Some 
reopened and cleaned old wells, and kept perishable 
articles hanging in them. Others constructed conve- 
nient dumb-waiters that traveled up and down the 
cool depths of wells. Many hauled ice each week 
from Washington at considerable expense, and all 
felt that another year without any perceptible winter 
would necessitate the erection of ice-machines and 
the manufacturing of the artificial, if we could not 
store away the real. 

In the Sixth month the family of Edward N. Bent- 
ley moved to Washington to reside. Edward Ma- 
gruder took the Johns Hopkins' examinations, having 
been prepared at Sherwood. 

The Horticultural Meeting at Fair Hill was re- 
markable, inasmuch as so many who attended had 
been pupils within its venerable walls. Henry C. Hal- 
lowell, the president, made a beautiful address upon 
the interesting memories which cluster around this 
rooftree, under whose branches his parents first met 
as coeducators. 

Everyone was now in the midst of wheat gathering 
— interrupted by frequent thunder-storms. Rutledge 
and other places were struck by lightning. 

An unusual number of accidents happened during 
this busy season, and maimed hands were the order 
of the day. Our young farmers seemed to work their 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 197 

machines an the principle that a finger lost was five 
minutes gain in the harvest field. 

The inevitable hightide of boarders and visitors had 
set hitherward, and as one tiller of the soil feelingly 
remarked, "The very day the mowers and binders en- 
tered the fields, the parties and athletic sports began/' 

The Seventh month, which the poet calls "sweet 
summer time, when the leaves are green and long," 
came on, and frequent mention of the "dog-days" 
proved that there is nothing to which human nature 
clings so closely as some phrase or expression which 
has long outlived its right to exist. The old Roman 
superstition of a connection between the heat of July 
and the rising and setting of the dog-star, Sirius, has 
been declared a fallacy. 

Seventh month, 20th, Dorothy, daughter of Samuel 
and Florence Wetherald was born. 

Seventh month, 24th, George B. Miller and Zaidie 
Tennant were married at the home of the bride's par- 
ents, in St. Louis, by Episcopal ceremony, and came 
to live at Oakleigh. This lady is one of many who 
have come from the city to reside among us. 

Seventh month, 29th. Our community was shock- 
ed to learn that our genial friend and neighbor, John 
Marsh Smith, had been stricken with paralysis, and 
after a few hours illness he expired in the seventy- 
third year of his age. Born in Baltimore City of 
friendly parentage, he was educated in Alexandria by 
Benjamin Hallowell. He married Elizabeth Brooke, 
daughter of the late Nathan and Martha Tyson, who, 
with four children, survives him. He was seized with 
the gold fever in 1849, and went to California, and 



198 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

none who heard him recount his varied experiences 
and adventures of that stirring time can ever forget 
them. While his cordial manners and ready wit in- 
variably attracted strangers and the young, those who 
enjoyed the privilege of an intimate acquaintance 
with him knew how true a gentleman, how sincere a 
friend, he was under all circumstances. Honorable, 
correct and generous, his carefulness and rectitude in 
money dealings was proverbial, and he was especially 
noted for his liberality to those he employed, and to 
the poor. Coming many years ago to make Sandy 
Spring his residence, he identified himself with the 
place and people, and his loss was unusually mourned. 

"Friend to truth, of soul sincere, 

In action faithful and in honor clear, 

Who broke no promise, served no private end, 

Who gained no title, and who lost no friend." 

His remains were taken to Baltimore, Eighth 
month, ist, and buried at Greenmount. 

If the wheat harvest had been a sad disappointment 
our constitutional grumblers were somewhat cheered 
by the immense yield of hay. It lay in great wind- 
rows, like the waves of the sea, in the fields, and 
groups of stacks attested the phenomenal amount se- 
cured. Our farmers were enabled to maintain their 
poverty-stricken condition later on, as the corn crop 
was poor in quantity and quality. In all the multitu- 
dinous work on the farm, from the first turning of the 
furrow through the planting, cultivating, harvesting 
and housing the crop, the slow-moving plow, the 
fester-running drill, the busy hum of binder and 
thresher, the great wagons winding homeward with 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 199 

their loads, we can but reflect that the whole world is 
dependent on the tiller of the soil. Perhaps it is his 
tremendous responsibilities that induce him often to 
look on the dark side, and fail to perceive the silver 
lining to the cloud. 

Tie for one year the farmer's hands, and bid him 
rest from his labors ; let his fields lie fallow, his herds 
and flocks disperse, and starvation and death would 
claim millions of victims on every spot of earth where 
the banana and the date-palm do not grow. As the 
poet has said : 

THE FAEMEK FEEDS THEM ALL. 

"My lord rides through his palace gate, 

My lady sweeps along in state, 

The sage thinks long on many a thing, 

Anu the maiden muses on marrying; 

The minstrel harpeth merrily, 

The sailor plows the foaming sea, 

The huntsman kills the good red deer, 

And the soldier wars, without a fear; 

But fall to each, whate'er befall, 

The farmer he must feed them all. 

"Smith hammereth cheerily the sword, 
Priest preacheth pure and holy word, 
Dame Alice worketh 'broidery well, 
Clerk Richard tales of love can tell, 
The tapwife sells her foaming beer, 
Don Fisher fisheth in the mere, 
And courtiers ruffle, strut and shine. 
While pages bring the Gascon wine; 
But fall to each, whate'er befall, 
The farmer, he must feed them all. 



200 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

"Man builds his castles fair and high, 

Whatever river runneth by. 

Great cities rise in every land. 

Great churches show the builder's hand. 

Great arches, monuments and tov- 

Fair palaces and pleasing- bowers, 

it work is done be"T here a.nd There, 
And well man worketh everywhere; 
But work or rest, whate'er befall, 
The farmer, he must feed them all. 

We had in the Eighth month the most variable 
temperature, and on the ioth and nth, after some 
days of intense heat, the mercury suddenly fell thirty 
degrees, and we were glad to close windows and 
doors, and again hover over fires that had been re- 
lighted at least once in every month. 

It was now the height of the season, and our neigh- 
borhood, never without the stranger within its gates, 
was teeming with visitors and boarders. Indoor gai- 
eties and outdoor sports — picnics, excursions and 
match games of base and football, and lawn-tennis, 
were the order of the day. The spare rooms were all 
full ; no carriage had a vacant seat ; the old meeting- 
house had almost a crowded look on the Sabbath ; hos- 
pitality and good cheer ruled the hour. One rooftree 
in our midst sheltered at this time the following 
relatives : 

Two old couples, one married fifty-five years, the 
other fifty-three years ; three grandfathers, three 
grandmothers, one great-grandfather, one great- 
grandmother, three husbands, three wives, three 
mothers, three fathers, three daughters, one step- 
daughter, two -"n-. one stepson, two grandsons, one 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 201 

great-grandson, one granddaughter, one brother and 
one sister, one stepbrother, one stepsister, one step- 
uncle, one stepfather, one stepmother, two fathers-in 
law, two mothers-in-law, one son-in-law, one daugh- 
ter-in-law, two sisters-in-law, two aunts, three cousins- 

Many years hence, when the curious antiquarian 
shall be searching these records of a country hamlet, 
long since merged into the busy streets and avenues 
of the national capital, he may, perchance, cite this 
example of the overflowing households of the nine- 
teenth century ; so I will leave him to puzzle out the 
correct answer to the question, "Of how many mem- 
bers did this remarkable family consist?" 

Eighth month, 22nd, Katherine, daughter of Henry 
H. and Helen Gray Miller, was born. 

Eighth month, 25th, Thomas L. and Estelle T., twin 
children of Joseph T., jr., and Estelle Tyson Moore, 
were born. 

For six months favored relatives and friends had 
been entertained with delightful letters from foreign 
lands written en route by the Alloway family and 
Ellen Farquhar ; the latter part of August our traveled 
neighbors returned safely to their homes. 

Ellen Farquhar is the first person from our section 
who has visited Norway and Sweden and witnessed 
the wonderful spectacle of the midnight sun at North 
Cape, within the Arctic Circle. She, therefore, has 
exceptional scope for her descriptive powers. 

Ninth month, 1st, Eliza Palmer Griffith, sister of 
Benjamin D. Palmer, died very suddenly at her home 
near Unity. This generous, warm-hearted woman 
was tenderlv remembered bv many of her old friends 



202 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

in Sanely Spring, and her sad funeral at St. John's 
Church, Olney, Ninth month, 3rd, was largely at- 
tended. 

Rockville Fair was held on the third, fourth and 
fifth. Fine, clear weather, and a larger attendance 
than ever before enabled the society to liquidate a 
debt of long standing. 

Your historian is unable to state whether the in- 
creased flock of young ladies present was due to an 
overwhelming interest in athletic sports, or to the 
fact that the managers of the Fair had secured the 
services of a most eligible bachelor president. 

Our people were awarded many premiums in all de- 
partments, but the presiding officer was not included 
in the "sweepstakes." 

About this time a monster threshing machine, with 
a straw-stacker, said to do the work of six men, made 
its appearance in our fields. Another innovation was 
the selling of unfanned wheat to the fine new mill at 
Laurel. 

In the Ninth month, Harry Sherman, of Washing- 
ton, purchased the homestead at Olney belonging to 
the heirs of Sarah B. Farquhar, and he is to be con- 
gratulated upon the possession of what was once the 
home of his grandfather, Joseph Elgar, and from 
which his mother, Margaret Elgar Sherman, was 
married. 

Jessie B. Stabler received the appointment of teach- 
er at Sandy Spring public school, and Alice B. Stabler 
vent to Linden to take charge of a public school 
there. Rockland and Sherwood, with full quotas of 
students, resumed their sessions. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 203 

October came on, not with the hoped-for clear, frosty 
days, but with two weeks of dismal clouds and heavy 
rains, followed later in the month by the soft and 
genial weather of the Indian summer. 

Tenth month, 21st, Mary A. Livermore, the distin- 
guished lecturer, delivered a fine address to a large 
audience at the Lyceum. Her subject, ''Dream of the 
Future," was all-embracing in the variety of topics 
touched on. 

Tenth month, 22nd, Anna, daughter of Charles R. 
and Nellie T. Hartshorne, was born. William and Jane 
Scofield and daughter Sarah went to San Antonio, 
Texas, to live ; and Sarah has established near that 
quaint old city a day-school for boys and girls. 

A sale was held at the old Chandlee homestead, and 
the accumulations of a hundred years disposed of. 
Charles Pidgeon and family, who had been in charge, 
removed to Pennsylvania to live. 

There was serious loss in this month to potato 
growers by the rotting of a large proportion of the 
tubers, estimated in some sections to be ninety per 
cent, of the crop. Those that were housed kept 
badly, but the few that remained sound the following 
spring retailed as high as one dollar and sixty cents 
per sack. 

Eleventh month, 17th. At White Hall, the resi- 
dence of her son, Samuel, died Elizabeth Hopkins, in 
her eighty-second year. This gentle friend came with 
her family from Virginia many years ago to reside 
among us, and endeared herself greatly to her neigh- 
bors by her affectionate interest in those around her, 
her warm, charitable heart and pleasing serenity of 



204 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

manner. She was laid to rest at Woodside Cemetery. 
Thomas J. Lea erected a neat, convenient dwelling 
and barn on land purchased from his father, and 
moved his family from bpringdale to this new home, 
which is called "Argyle." 

Eleventh month, 28th, Mr. and Mrs. George Nes- 
bitt celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of their 
marriage by a large evening reception at Longwood. 
New and old brides appeared in their wedding robes, 
and occasioned much amusement by the diversity of 
styles running through a quarter of a century. 

Eleventh month, 30th, Edward P. and Mary B. 
Thomas had a family tea-party in commemoration 
of their twenty-fifth anniversary. 

Surgeon Frederick W. Elbrey, U. S. A. (retired), 
purchased Rutledge from Thomas L. Moore. 

Dr. and Mrs. Elbrey, having spent many months 
at different times in Sandy Spring, will come to reside 
permanently among old and new friends in our neigh- 
hood. They have named their home "Mirival," very 
appropriately, in view of the beautiful valley which it 
overlooks. Louis Stabler left Ashton store, where he 
had been employed four years, and secured a situation 
in Washington. Francis T. Lea also went into busi- 
ness in Washington. About this time three of our 
young women took advantage of an excursion ticket 
to visit Roanoke, Virginia. Apart from the European 
travelers, persons from our section had made summer 
or autumn trips to Gettysburg, Wilmington, Phila- 
delphia. Boston. Prouts Neck, the White Mountains, 
Richmond. Atlanta, St. Louis, Minneapolis and other 
points of interest. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 205 

Eleventh month, 25th, was the day set apart by 
the governors of all the States as one of thanksgiving. 
This purely American festival was hardly noted out- 
side of New Engand when some of us were young, 
but now is becoming more general, and even in Sandy 
Spring a few family gatherings and dinner parties 
made the day one of rejoicing and praise. It is re- 
lated that the first feast of this kind was furnished the 
Pilgrims by skilled hunters sent out by Governor 
Bradford, who brought in wild birds, turkeys and deer 
from the woods around Plymouth. And often, now, 
at the yearly celebrations through Massachusetts, five 
grains of corn are placed by each guest, on the lav- 
ishly-filled table, as a touching reminder of those he- 
roic men and women, who dared famine and slaughter 
for their principles, and were reduced, at one time, in 
that terrible first winter, on an inhospitable coast, to 
five grains of corn apiece, no more, no less. 

Eleventh month, 26th, a meeting of the only Auxili- 
ary Suffrage Association in the State of Maryland 
was held at the Lyceum, and presided over by the 
president, Caroline H. Miller. 

The proceedings were characterized by abundant 
spice and good nature. Caroline H. Miller was re- 
elected president, James P. Stabler, secretary, Jessie 
B. Stabler, treasurer, and Rebecca T. Miller, vice- 
President. At first the audience consisted principally 
of little boys and their mothers, but was increased 
through the evening to a respectable size by numer- 
ous full-grown men, some of whom were speedily 
converted and joined the Association amid wild ap- 
plause, thus following the illustrious example of 



20G ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Admiral James E. Jouett, who has generally been 
ahead in every fight, whether he encountered bullets 
or ballots. Excellent papers were read for and against 
giving suffrage to women, by Mary Bentley Thomas 
and Allan Earquhar. 

Twelth month, 8th. Snow covered the ground, ice 
ponds froze over, and we rejoiced in the prospect 01 
a good, old-fashioned season. 

About this time Dr. Francis Thomas had a sale of 
numerous farming implements, and removed to 
Washington, which is fast becoming the Mecca of our 
people for the winter. 

The day after Christmas all the school children and 
college students home for the holidays were rejoiced 
by quite enough snowfall for good sleighing, and old 
and young hardly waited for the fast-falling flakes to 
cease to take advantage of this delightful mode of lo- 
comotion. Several large parties were given, and the 
merry jingle of bells resounded all day and far into 
the night. 

First month, ist, 1891. The firm of Scofield & 
Henderson dissolved partnership by mutual consent, 
and Louis Scofield took charge of his father's farm. 

The Board of Directors of the Montgomery County 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company reduced its rate of 
"interest" on premium notes for the year 1891, from 
four and one-half to four per cent., making the cost 
of insurance one-ninth less than it was in 1890. This 
they were enabled to do, notwithstanding the losses 
paid in 1890 exceeded $48,000. 

The popular season for reforming the world and 
one's self had now come round again, and as the old 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 207 

year merged into the past, with all its hopes and 
fears, successes and failures, we were ready to greet 
the new, to make the customary good resolutions, and 
to turn once more the untarnished leaf that should 
help us to "high thinking" and right living in the 
months to come. 

Llewellyn Stabler, who had left his business in Bal- 
timore, and spent some months at bunnyside for 
health's sake, secured a situation at Amersley with R. 
Rowland Moore as general utility man. 

Some severe cases of illness, which had shadowed 
many homes earlier in the winter, had now happily 
recovered ; and, as if in rebound from sorrow and anx- 
iety, a series of very pleasant afternoon teas and even- 
ing entertainments were given ; these had the merit 
of early and sensible hours. 

First month, 24th, Hadassah J., daughter of R. 
Rowland and Margaret G. T. Moore, was born, and 
the great-grandmother at Plainfield was honored and 
delighted with her first namesake. 

First month, 27th. The nineteenth annual con- 
vention of the Montgomery county farmers met at 
Sandy Spring, and the Lyceum hall w r as filled beyond 
k seating capacity. Henry C. Hallowell, who had 
been president of the convention for eighteen years, 
called the meeting to order, and deliverd a valedictory 
address, after which B. D. Palmer, the new presiding 
officer, took the chair. The minutes of the meeting 
of committees from the several farmers' clubs were 
read, and showed that the following officers of the 
convention had been selected : 

President, Benjamin D. Palmer ; vice-presidents, 



2Q8 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Dr. Mahlon Kirk, Roger B. Farquhar and Henry H, 
Miller; secretaries, Francis Snowden and Charles E. 
Bond. 

The reports from the different clubs showed that 
the average yield of wheat per acre was about fifteen 
bushels ; corn, nine barrels ; potatoes, one hundred and 
four bushels ; hay, one and three-quarter tons ; and 
an immense amount of cream and butter had been 
sold. 

Edward P. Thomas, Henry C. Alvord and Charles 
Abert discussed the benefits to be derived from at- 
tending county fairs. Some thought they would be 
of far more value if horse-racing and betting could 
be eliminated. 

Interest in the proceedings was well maintained, 
and the different subjects treated with much anima- 
tion throughout the day. 

A substantial lunch was provided and enjoyed, and 
adjournment reached at four o'clock. 

Second month, 5th. Dorcas Pumphrye died at an 
advanced age. She was a most worthy and excep- 
tionally intelligent colored woman, upright and hon- 
est. The mother of sixteen children, she adopted yet 
another, which she cared for as her own. For many 
years she used the plain language and wore a Quaker 
bonnet, and directed that she might be buried in the 
old ground at Sharpstreet, in the most simple mam 

Wallace Bond came from Brookeville to live again 
at his home, and to enter Ashton store ; later on Caleb 
Stabler also secured a clerkship in this popular resort 
for aspiring young business men. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 209 

Second month, 6th. George L. Stabler had a sale 
of household goods, and on the nth, with his family, 
started for Portland, Oregon, to make a new home 
among Orthodox Friends in that far-away State. The 
house occupied by him at Ashton was rented by Mr. 
Colt and family, from Washington. 

Second month, ioth, Robert Sullivan died at his 
home in Ashton, in his sixty-fourth year. He was in- 
terred the next afternoon, at Woodside Cemetery. 

Second month, nth. George Brooke Farquhar, of 
Roanoke, Va., and Edith Bentley, eldest daughter of 
Edward P. and Mary Bentley Thomas, were married 
by Friends' ceremony at "Cherry Grove," the residerce 
of Samuel P. Thomas, greatuncle of the bride, who 
was the sixth generation in direct line from the build- 
er and owner of this fine old mansion. Several rooms*, 
the wide hall and stairway were beautifully decorated 
with greens and potted plants, and about one hundred 
and fifty persons witnessed the ceremony and signed 
the certificate. The young couple went to their new 
home in Roanoke, Va., followed by the best wishes 
of an exceptionally large circle of friends and near 
relatives. 

On the 17th and 18th of Second month, the mer- 
cury touched seventy-two degrees at noon. Shrubs 
and maples budded, and the rash crocus shot up and 
prepared to bloom. On the 20th the ground was 
again covered with snow, and premature vegetation 
was forced to take another winter nap. 

Between thirty and forty of our citizens, white and 
colored, were summoned to Baltimore in February, 
and kept there some days, sorely against their will, 



210 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

to testify in the famous case of Hammond versus the 
Ashton, Colesville and Washington Turnpike Com- 
pany, which was gained by the plaintiff, and heavy 
damages awarded. 

The icy fetters of winter did not restrain our restless 
population ; like death, the Sandy Spring traveler has 
all seasons for his own, and some who had not been 
away through the summer and fall started off now to 
make good the record of the year. Samuel Wetherald 
went to California and Oregon ; Mrs. A. G. Thomas 
and daughter, Anna, Elizabeth Tyson and Malvinia 
Miles went to Florida ; and our Indian agent, Benja- 
min H. Miller, could be traced by the persevering all 
over the western map of our country. 

In the winter a small Chautauqua circle was form- 
ed at Brighton. It seems remarkable that this im- 
proving and wide-spread organization has compara- 
tively so few votaries among us. 

Xow that ground has been donated for a national 
Chautauqua at Glen Echo, our people will no doubt 
reap some of the benefits of being within easy reach- 
ing distance of a fine summer school. The wise finan- 
cier will do well for posterity, if not for himself, to se- 
cure some choice corner lots at Glen Echo. 

Third month, Arthur Douglass, son of Allan and 
Lottie H. Farquhar, was born. 

Third month, nth, Mrs. Bessie Starr Kieffer deliv- 
ered a fine address at Olney Grange Hall. This gifted 
and beautiful woman has spoken on the subjects of 
"'temperance" and "woman suffrage" from New- 
foundland to the Gulf, and from ocean to ocean. As 
an evidence of her pluck and endurance, the fact may 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 211 

be chronicled that she left New Haven, Connecticut, 
at two o'clock that morning, eating breakfast, dinner 
and supper all at once at Doctor Magruder's, and a 
few minutes later faced her audience fresh, bright 
and witty, and kept them thoroughly entertained for 
over two hours.. How soon will one of our college 
graduates beat this record, and afford me the pleasure 
of making a note of it ? 

Third month, 12th. The Rev. Orlando Hutton died 
at an advanced age at his residence, near Brookeville. 
This admirable Christian gentleman had been pastor 
of various churches in our county dunng many years 
of service in the ministry, and had officiated at many 
marriage ceremonies and funerals in our neighbor- 
hood. His golden wedding was celebrated last au- 
tumn, since which event he has been in feeble and 
failing health. He was considered among the most 
able and accomplished preachers of the Episcopal 
diocese of Maryland, and his unfailing courtesy, his 
cultivated mind, his timely word and untiring work 
for the good of humanity were the outward and visi- 
ble signs of inward purity and high intellectual and 
moral character. 

Third month, 14th. Asa M. and Albina O. Stabler 
celebrated, at Sunnyside, the twenty-fifth anniversary 
of their wedding by a large evening company, making 
the fourth couple in our historical year to proclaim to 
the world that if marriage is a failure in Sandy Spring 
it takes more than a quarter of a century to prove it. 

Third month, 15th, Alda Brooke, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Pattie T. Hopkins, was born. 

Third month, 18th. Dr. Charles Farquhar held a 



212 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

sale of farming implements and stock, preparatory to 
a long visit, and a possible residence, in the State of 
Washington. 

Third month, 18th. A large gathering of farmers 
from Montgomery County filled Brighton Grange 
Hall during two sessions of the farmers' institute. 
The meeting was held under the auspices of the 
Maryland State Grange and the experimental de- 
partment of the Agricultural College, and was devoted 
to the discussion of milk in all its phases. 

A large number of young men were present, who 
showed a lively interest in the proceedings. Milk 
separators and testers were exhibited, and their utility 
practically demonstrated. 

Major Henry E. Alvord, of the Agricultural Col- 
lege, spoke of the advantages of cooperative cream- 
eries, and the fact that the average of creamery but- 
ter sold six or eight cents higher per pound than the 
average of dairy or home-made butter. Papers were 
read on the quality of milk, as it affects the farmer, 
and the best breeds of cattle for dairy purposes. Of 
these the preference was clearly given to the Jersey 
and Guernsey. 

Third month, 19th. The Rev. J. S. Keiffer, of Hag- 
erstown, delivered one of his most delightful lectures 
at the Lyceum. His subject, ''The Blarney Stone," 
was not only replete with the felicities as well as the 
pitfalls of the art of flattery, but also contained a ser- 
mon on Truth — that most important attribute of 
character. 

If our long-talked-of and ardently-hoped-for rail- 
road is still denied us we can at least boast of a mys- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 213 

terious telephonic connection with Washington. The 
family at Sharon can distinctly hear, over their short 
wire stretching to Brooke Grove, the stopping and 
starting of the electric cars, some eighteen miles away. 

The Third month was decidedly the coldest, most 
stormy and disagreeable of the whole year. Raw and 
biting winds, rain, snow, tempests, and a thunder- 
storm, gave us sufficient variety of weather and con- 
vinced us that March belongs properly to the winter 
months ; yet, we always feel with his blustering ad- 
vent that spring should come on apace. The poems 
are here, but the "ethereal mildness" is still missing. 

Only four really clear days had been our portion, 
and on the 27th and 28th, if not a blizzard, a very near 
relative to one, set in. If the snow, which fell con- 
tinuously for many hours had not partially melted, 
a complete blockade would have been the result 
of this severe storm. 

For several days April did not realize that March 
had lapsed into the past, as the mercury still lingered 
around the freezing point, and heavy white frosts ev- 
ery morning discouraged the most eager and adven- 
turous horticulturists from planting their gardens un- 
til about the tenth of the month the wet ground 
was hastily prepared and the seed hurried in. 

Your historian felt safe in exhausting the English 
language on the subjects of "la grippe" last year, 
never dreaming this awful malady would, like the 
celebrated "jaw-bone" in ancient history, again lay 
low its thousands and tens of thousands. 

Through the Third and Fourth months its victims 
were most numerous. Those who were boastful last 



214 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

spring, and felt themselves rather above catching it, 
had now enough and to spare, while others, who 
thought it was something to occur once in a lifetime, 
like cutting teeth or growing a moustache, soon dis- 
covered that after one spell one was so full of microbes 
he or she could keep on having it indefinitely. Taking 
this season more the form of violent influenza experi- 
enced convalescents declare there is quite as much de- 
pression, irritability, aches, pains and fevers in one 
attack of "la grippe/'' as would serve a chronic 
invalid through several years of ordinary sickness. 

Fourth month, 9th. The last of the winter's course 
of lectures was delivered at the Lyceum, on "Ques- 
tions of the Day," by John D. MacPherson, of 
Georgetown, D. C. 

Fourth month, nth. Washington Winder Owens 
died at his residence, Locust Hill, in his seventy- 
eighth year. This highly-respected and valuable citi- 
zen was noted for truthfulness, integrity and energy of 
character, and his long life was wholly devoted to the 
successful pursuit of agriculture. Although not liv- 
ing within the radius of our neighborhood he was a 
relative of the Porter family, of this place, and at one 
time was a director in the Savings Institution of Sandy 
Spring, but resigned the position some years ago. 

On the 13th his remains were laid to rest with those 
of his father, grandfather and great-grandfather in the 
home lot. which had been in possession of Mr. 
Owens' family for seven generations. 

Fourth month, 14th, Miriam, daughter of Frank 
and Fanny Snowden, was born. 

On the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 215 

we had unusually high temperature for the season, the 
thermometer recording from eighty to eighty-six de- 
grees at noon on each of these dates. Even in July 
or August seven days of such unvarying heat would 
be noticeable, but with the enervating effects of the 
"grippe" lingering in our midst, and afraid to dis- 
pense entirely with winter clothing, Sandy Spring has 
seldom passed a more uncomfortable week. We had 
lamented loud and long on the tardy spring-coming, 
the continuous cold rains, snows and frosts, but now 
feeling "that man never is, but always to be, blessed," 
were quite ready to murmur at the too ardent rays of 
the life-giving sun. 

Our historical year now draws to a close. As far 
as possible the current happenings of the day, the in- 
cident that diverts, the event of pith and moment, 
have been gathered and spread before you. One item 
is reserved for the last. 

Harriet Riddle Davis, of Washington, so well 
known in Sandy Spring she needs no introduction to 
this audience, has published a very delightful Quaker 
novel. Many of the characters are types of our people, 
and the scenes are familiar to us all. She has used 
several well-known homesteads, the old meeting- 
house, the Club, the Horticultural, a fox hunt, and a 
picnic to "Folly Quarter," as the solid warp upon 
which she has woven an exceptionally clever and pure 
story. 

Most of you have doubtless read with profit and 
pleasure "Gilbert Elgar's Son," and will, perhaps, 
recognize the following quotation from it — a sentence 
replete with the best hopes of the future for our neigh- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 

borhood, and towards which happy state we should, 
individually and collectively, aspire. She says : 

"I can fancy no life so full, so satisfactory, as that 
of a successful farmer who sees his crops turn out 
well, whose farm flourishes and improves from year 
to year, whose stock is all of the best and purest 
breeds, whose land is his own, untouched by debt or 
mortgage." 



CHAPTER IX. 

From Fourth Month. 1891, to Fourth Month, 1S92. 

Visit from Susan B. Anthony — Gold-diggers appeared at 
P>rooke Meadow — Percy M. Eeese lectured on Rome, 
and George Kennan on Vagabond Life in Eastern 
Europe — Ellen Farquhar and Rebecca T. Miller went 
to Europe — Obituaries of Deborah A. Lea, Edward 
Lea, Caroline Roberts, Thomas L. Moore, Eate C. 
Elbrey, Warwick M. Brooke. MaryAnnis Stabler, Mary 
G. Tyson, Annie E. Hartshorne, Rachel E. Gilpin and 
Elizabeth .1. Holland. 

) 

A smaller audience than usual, most of it convales- 
cent from "la grippe," greeted the historian with 
comforting warmth and attention on the evening of 
the annual meeting, Fourth month, 20th, 1891. Rob- 
ert H. Miller was elected president, Elizabeth T. 
Stabler, secretary, Samuel YVetherald, treasurer, and 
the incumbent of another position, who seems to re- 
main on sufferance, since she is not reelected, is afraid 
she will soon be classed among those office-holders 
who seldom die and never resign. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 217 

The following item was sent to begin the history 
of the new year with: "The quarterly meeting of 
Orthodox Friends met at Ashton, Fourth month, 
20th. Although places were vacant by the removal 
of some valued members, it was felt by those present 
to be a time of much spiritual blessing; five ministers 
were in attendance." 

Fourth month, 26th. Susan B. Anthony renowned 
for many years as the champion of oppressed woman- 
hood, made a brief visit to Mt. Airy, and sat with us 
on a beautiful Sabbath morning, fragrant with the 
bloom of orchards, in the quiet of the old meeting- 
house. 

Fourth month, 28th. "Charley Forest," the home 
of the Scofield family, was sold for $7,000 to Frank J. 
Downey, of Frederick county, the former owners hav- 
ing moved to Texas to live. This old homestead, 
which had been remodeled, though still retaining 
much that was quaint and interesting in its outlines, 
is said to have been, when built, in 1728, the last white 
man's dwelling in a direct line between Sandy Spring 
and Canada. A month later there was a sale at this 
place of household goods, stock and farming imple- 
ments, the first of many such sales during the year. 
For four weeks there had been no rain, a long per- 
iod of drought for the springtime. On Fifth month, 
5th, there was frost enough to frighten the growing 
fruit, but on the 10th the mercury reached ninety de- 
grees in the shade. 

Arbor day was observed in the various schools by 
essays and recitations on the subjects of trees and for- 
estry, followed by tree planting. 



21S ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 

In this month Dr. F. W. Elbrey and family moved 
from Alexandria to their new home, "Mirival," which 
had been purchased from Thomas L. Moore some 
months before. 

Fifth month. 6th. After long deliberations and a 
patient waiting of the majority, peculiar to the exer- 
cises of Friends, it was decided to hold the monthly 
meetings in joint session. 

Fifth month, 15th. Deborah A. Lea died in her 
seventy-fifth year. 

Fifth month, 26th. Edward Lea died in his sev- 
enty-seventh year, and was laid by the side of the wife 
of his youth, in Woodside Cemetery, Fifth month, 
28th. For some weeks this aged couple had been 
passing, as it were, hand in hand, towards that silent 
land whence there is no return. They had lived all 
their lives near each other, and for over fifty-four years 
together : Fate was kind to make the separation so 
brief between this husband and wife. They had been 
home-staying folks. Their existence passed, for the 
most part, in the daily work of the farm, she excelling 
in the cultivation and care of the garden and flowers. 
They had done much for others ; children educated, 
orphans sheltered, the ready and constant response to 
the needs of the poor and suffering around them, and 
for sweet Charity's sake, they counted as nothing 
personal toil and self-sacrifice. 

At the May meeting of the Horticultural Society, 
of which they had long been honored members, Henry 
C. Hallowell read the following tribute to their 
memorv : 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 219 

EDWARD LEA. 
"When the warrior or statesman, the leader of men, 
or the molder of the destinies of nations, passes from 
busy results of activity to his last resting-place, col- 
umns of eulogy appear in the papers of the day. 

"Through the courts at deep midnight, 

The torches are gleaming, 
Through the proudly arched cfaapel 

The banners are beaming, 
Far down the long aisle 

Sacred music is streaming — 
Lamenting a chief of the people should fall." 

"But those who tread the constant round of quiet 
domestic life, who perform the duty that lies nearest 
to them to the best of their ability, these merit and 
should receive the respect and affection of neighbors 
and friends, for they leave a rich legacy of example to 
those still passing through the lights and shadows of 
life's checkered pathway. 

"The Horticultural Society had no members who 
appreciated more than Edward and Deborah Lea its 
social features and its influence on the neighborhood, 
as manifest in improved gardens and in lawns and en- 
closures of increased beauty. 

"Edward Lea, although a man diffident of his own 
ability, was ever ready to encourage others, and to 
give a helping hand as far as he was able to do so. 

"He was the oldest member of the 'Farmers' Club/ 
and was one of its originators ; he was greatly inter- 
ested in the establishment of the Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Company of Montgomery County, of which he 
was one of the charter members. 



220 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

"He was one of the incorporators of the Savings 
Institution of Sandy Spring, and was an active and 
deeply-interested member of the Society of Friends. 

"He also was an earnest worker in the cause of 
temperance, and frequently, with his wife or some 
congenial friend, visited the county jail and almshouse 
to render, if possible, seme little service to his unfor- 
tunate fellow-creatures. 

"He was one of those patriotic citizens who believ- 
ed it to be a duty to take an interest in the affairs of 
county, state and country. He encouraged his young 
friends by his counsel and advice, giving his views in 
an unpretending, yet, earnest manner, and leaving 
the "seed to germinate" if adapted to the soil upon 
which it fell. 

"After a life of activity and innocence, wishing to 
live up to a lofty standard, so far as the "hindering 
cares of time" would permit, he passed quietly over 
the stream that noiselessly flows between two exist- 
ences, life and the unseen futurity, on the 20th of 
May, aged seventy-seven years. 

"He had the companionship of the playmate of his 
childhood through the long years of mature life, and 
nearly together they became again as 'little children' 
in their Father's household. 

"He was buried at 'Woodside,' a beautiful ceme- 
tery near his home, and which had been donated by 
his wife and himself for the resting-place of such as 
wished to be placed within it. In the words of the 
Psalmist, 'Mark the perfect man, and behold the up- 
right, for the end of that man is peace.' " 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 221 

Fifth month, 16th, Catherine, daughter of Ulric and 
Mary Janney Hutton, was born. 

Sixth month, 4th. The closing exercises of Sher- 
wood Friends' School were very creditable to teach- 
ers and pupils. The resignation of George B. Miller, 
the principal, was most reluctantly accepted; he car- 
ried with him to St. Louis the best wishes of many 
old friends, and the respect and affection of his form- 
er scholars. The charming home at Oakleigh, which 
he and his young wife had established the previous 
year, was not long vacant, Edward N. Bentley mov- 
ing his family there from Washington. 

The record of many years of fair weather for our 
quarterly meeting was broken by two rainy and tem- 
pestuous days, Sixth month, 7th and 8th. Large 
fires were necessary for comfort this most stormy 
Sabbath, and it was said to be the smallest attendance 
since 1861. 

Sixth month, 10th. Dr. Charles M. Iddings and Ida 
Leo Matthews, daughter of A. G. Matthews, of Hazel- 
dene, Howard County, were married by Episcopal 
ceremony, at the home of the bride. They came to 
reside with Dr. Edward Iddings. 

Copious rains fell from the 17th to the 22nd, and 
gave the cheerful and hopeful husbandman his cus- 
tomary excuse to croak and prophesy every misfor- 
tune that he and his crops are natural heirs to. 

The yield of small fruits was phenomenal. Straw- 
berries of such size and in such quantities were never 
seen before in Sandy Spring. The cherry trees were 
laden with their beautiful fruit, so unusually large it 
was possible to take two bites to a cherry, while some 



222 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

of the berries from Charles G. Porter's garden could 
easily be quartered and enjoyed. 

John H. Janney purchased "Brooke Meadow," the 
former home of Samuel Ellicott, and is to be con- 
gratulated on coming into possession of land owned 
by his ancestors, and as the proprietor of a productive 
farm, to say nothing of the gold-mine thereon. 

In this month the death of Caroline Roberts oc- 
curred at Brighton. She had lived in the Peirce fam- 
ily as faithful friend and assistant for seventy-six 
years, the most lengthy voluntary servitude on record 
in this vicinity. 

Samuel Bond, of Oakdale, established a delivery 
wagon from his store, the first to be noted here, and 
a Laurel firm commenced sending bread to our doors ; 
each year the farmer may, if so inclined, add more 
outside expenses to his cost of living, which used to 
be confined so strictly to the products of his own farm. 

Sixth month, 2nd. Elizabeth T. and Marianna 
Stabler, Bessie Scott, Rebecca T. and Pattie T. Mil- 
ler, Edith, Mary and Eliza M. Hallowell, went into 
camp for a week in the empty house formerly occu- 
pied by Dr. Henry Chandlee — a romantic spot near 
an old mill, with the pleasant environment of deep 
woods and running streams. Visitors by the score 
flocked to see these young women, determined on a 
change, though still breathing their native air. 

About the ist of Seventh month, Henry H. Miller 
was appointed postmaster at Sandy Spring, vice 
George B. Miller, resigned. 

Miss Mary G. Colt purchased "Wayside," now 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 223 

known as "Wrenwood," and greatly improved the 
house by tasteful additions. 

From Seventh month, ist to the 15th, the weather 
was very cool, and the traditional hot Fourth had for 
once foregone its chief characteristic. There were, 
however, more horns, boys, noise and fireworks than 
ever before. Throughout this month fires were often 
needed during the day and blankets at night. Among 
the numerous boarders in the neighborhood at this 
time were Mr. and Mrs. Ye, of Corea, who remained 
at Rockland some weeks, and were very interesting, 
as belonging to an alien race, different in color, 
speech, religion, dress and custom from any other 
visitors to Sandy Spring, and yet in many ways quite 
like all the rest of us. 

It was no unusual thing for fifty or sixty strangers 
to sit with us in the old meeting-house on the Sab- 
bath, representing many creeds and more opinions, 
yet, perhaps, all touched, in a greater or less degree, 
by the quiet restfulness of the Friendly gathering. 

Seventh month, 16th, Thomas L., twin son of Jos- 
eph T., jr., and Estelle Tyson Moore, died, aged 
eleven months. 

This sudden bereavement called forth universal ex- 
pressions of sympathy for the afflicted parents in the 
loss of their only son, a lovely and promising babe, 
and the separation of two little companions whose 
very existence seemed bound up in each other. 

"The bud that dries up in its envelope passes away 
with all its perfume like thou with all thy innocence. 

"Happy are they who die in their cradles ; they have 
only known the kisses and smiles of a mother." 



224 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Dr. Francis Thomas resigned the postmastership at 
Ednor, and Edward P. Thomas was appointed to fill 
the vacancy. 

Seventh month, 19th. The Forrest Glen Stage was 
discontinued, to the great inconvenience .of many 
who found this the shortest route from Washington. 

That periodic visitor, the railroad, now appeared, 
this time at Brighton, and informed the doubling in- 
habitants that Mr. Fuller, of tender memory, as con- 
nected with that ancient imaginary line, the Sandy 
Spring Railroad, had sold out to some company who 
would proceed to build at once. 

As Philip E. Thomas, one of the pioneers of rail- 
road construction in America, was born in this county 
in 1776, there may be a Thomas, however, "doubting" 
among us now, who will rise up and build that road 
without waiting for a fulfillment of these yearly prom- 
ises that have, as yet, only driven some stakes, de- 
stroyed a few trees and bushes, without laying a single 
rail. The last weeks of July were very rainy, and 
great difficutly was experienced by our farmers in se- 
curing their hay ; fogs and dampness continued with 
but few hours of sunshine, and the days which are gen- 
erally devoted to the pleasures of outdoor life were 
spent, perforce, in the house. 

During the latter part of this month, and into the 
Eighth, many persons went away, and were reported 
as visiting or traveling in different places and states. 
It seemed much of interest and health should have 
been gathered from such widely divergent points as 
Cape May, Rock Enon Springs, Detroit, Indiana, 
Boston, Cape Cod, Niagara, Loudon County, Vir- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 225 

ginia, Alaska, Roanoke, Atlantic City, Norfolk, Nat- 
ural Bridge, Prouts Neck, Maine, Ocean City, Beach 
Haven, Luray Cave, Longport, Catonsville, Bay 
Ridge, Missouri, Baltimore, Hagerstown and New 
York City. 

Eighth month, 22nd, Mrs. Henry H. Miller gave 
her year-old daughter, Katherine, a birthday party ; 
seventeen infants, either native born or of Sandy 
Spring ancestry, were present. Only three of the 
number were boys — the usual proportion of swains to 
swans in our neighborhood. An excellent photo- 
graph of these coming women was taken by Nora L. 
Stabler. 

Gold-diggers now appeared at. Brooke Meadow, 
with the inevitable three degrees of mining specula- 
tion in this vicinity, positive, mine ; comparative, 
miner; superlative, minus. 

J. Elgar Hallowell secured a situation in St. Louis, 
and removed thither. 

The neighborhood was now, as is customary in the 
Fighth month, teeming with visitors and boarders, 
but many severe rain-storms, continuing for hours, 
interfered with outdoor festivities. The 2nd, 3rd and 
4th of the Ninth month, however, were delightful 
days for the Rockville Fair, which was largely attend- 
ed. The exhibit was most creditable, and many pre- 
miums were awarded our people. 

On the evening of the 5th there was a tremendous 
thunder-storm, with a fall of three inches of water, in 
a few hours. The Fair had for once escaped a 
drenching. 

Ninth month, 16th. Sherwood Friends' School op- 



226 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

ened with Professor Charles M. Stabler, of New 
York, as principal ; Miss Belle Hamman, first assist- 
ant, and Emily T. Brooke and Sarah B. Farquhar, 
teachers. There was an excellent attendance, children 
coming from other sections, and the roll was increased 
to fifty-three pupils during the session. An adult 
class in French and German, taught by Miss Rose 
Leuty, of France, was a new feature. 

Helen and Ellen Thomas entered the Woman's 
College, in Baltimore, the first girl students from 
here to patronize a state institution. Esther T. Moore 
was made a member of the faculty of Swarthmore 
College ; Truxton Strain and his sister, Gertrude, went 
to Oregon in pursuit of occupation. 

William F. Thomas announced that he had open- 
ed an office in Washington, and proposed to become 
a banker and broker. 

These annals have frequently contained honorable 
mention of good situations found or earned by our 
young men who have left Sandy Spring to engage in 
business elsewhere. Perhaps it will do no harm to 
record the achievements of a neighborhood boy of a 
darker hue. Thomas Cooke, a grandson of old 
Warner Cooke, while still in his teens, by the great- 
est effort saved the sum of thirty-eight dollars. He 
entered a pubic school in Baltimore, living on corn- 
bread and beans for weeks at a time. He managed 
to subsist for six months. Then he became a waiter 
until he had accumulated enough to resume his stud- 
ies. He pursued this plan for years, and now, at the 
age of twenty-eight, he confident)' expects to gradu- 
ate as a physician from Howard University in a few 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 227 

months. He is said to understand Latin and Greek, 
is apparently familiar with Shakespeare, Pope 
and other great writers of the past, and is well "up" 
on the literature and questions of the day. Anglo- 
Saxon boys of Sandy Spring, with ten times the ad- 
vantages of this youth, how many of you will achieve 
half as much in the next ten years? 

Vegetation was almost rank in the Ninth month, 
and the hot days that had passed us by earlier in the 
season came now on the 24th, 25th and 26th ; the 
mercury rose to ninety or ninety-eight degrees each 
day. 

An immense corn crop was being secured. It was 
often remarked that there had hardly ever been a year 
of such abundance in all directions, although the hay 
was not quite up to the average. 

Tenth month came in with beautiful weather, 
which continued for many days. On the evening of 
the 15th Percy M. Reese, of Baltimore, delivered a 
most interesting illustrated lecture on Rome, to a 
crowded audience at the Lyceum. 

Dr. Tillum and family, of Brighton, returned to 
Pennsylvania, and Mrs. Sallie Ellicott and daughter 
rented their place. Caroline H. Miller went first to 
Washington and then to New York to visit her mar- 
ried children. 

Dr. Charles M. Iddings and wife moved to Loudon 
county, Virginia. Admiral Jouett and wife closed 
"The Anchorage," and went, temporarily, we hope, 
to southeastern Virginia. Dr. Francis Thomas and 
family again located in Washington for the winter. 
Arthur Stabler and wife, and Elizabeth B. Smith and 



228 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

daughter moved to Baltimore. Elizabeth Tyson 
sought the orange groves and temperate climate of 
Florida. Henry W. Davis and wife, of Philadelphia, 
came to reside at Plainfield for some months. 

In the Tenth month Richard L. Bentley was mar- 
ried to Anna Van Buskirk, of Nova Scotia, and in 
First month, 1892, Harry H. Stabler was married to 
Elizabeth T. Reed, of Norfolk, Virginia. Although 
both of these young men reside in Baltimore, and 
married outside the fold, as they still wish to retain 
their membership in this meeting we make this 
record. 

Fifty-seven of our people attended Baltimore 
yearly meeting of Friends in the Tenth month. On 
the 28th the first heavy white frost paled the gorgeous 
dyes of the autumn leaves ; it seemed as if our woods 
had never been quite so brilliant before. 
"SURAL RAPTURES." 
"Wthieai the goldenrod is gleaming 

By the hedgerow brown, 
When the crimson leaves are floating 

On the west wind down, 
When the stubble in the meadow, 

Frosty gleams at morn, 
Then the farmer — thrifty farmer — 
Husks his corn. 

"When adown the storm-swept forest, 

Ripe nuts patter fast, 
When the latest harvest's gathered, 

Indian summer past; 
When the woodman's axe is ringing 

On the crashing logs, 
Then the farmer — bloody farmer — 

Kills his hogs. 



ANNALS OF bAXDY SPRING. 229 

"When the drifting- snows lie heavy, 

All the world around; 
When 'neath mistletoe and holly, 

Yuletide joys abound, 
Then beside his glowing- hearthstone, 

Scorning tempest's roar, 
Sits the happy farmer resting, 

Heading papers by the score." 

Eleventh month, 5th. Frederick and Pattie R. 
Stabler celebrated their silver wedding by a family 
tea-party. About this time some delicious strawber- 
ries were picked at Oak Hill, which Frederick Stabler 
called the "Ruth Cleveland" variety, "Baby" McKee 
having suffered temporary eclipse by the advent of a 
political rival. It is more than probable, however, 
that all the volunteer berries gathered after November 
of this year will be named for the national grandchild. 

Eleventh month, nth. John H. Janney and Sallie 
Randolph Turner, of Fauquier county, Va., were 
married. The bride having been educated at Rock- 
land, did not come as a stranger to her new home, 
"Brooke Meadow." The election caused some local 
interest and excitement, owing to the fact that several 
of our people of the sterner sex had been nominated 
for various offices. The opinion, however, seemed to 
prevail that their families could not possibly spare 
them, and they were unanimously elected to stay at 
home. 

Eleventh month, 17th. The mercury fell to twenty 
degrees. The ground was frozen, and the careful 
farmer, who takes even ice by the forelock, secured a 
few loads as the foundation of a greater yield to 
follow . 



230 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Eleventh month, 23rd. Light rains through the 
morning were succeeded shortly after noon by a hur- 
ricane ; some trees were laid low, windows broken, 
and one small house below Ashton demolished. We 
fortunately escaped the full fury of this wind, as in 
other parts of our county immense damage was done, 
and there was some loss of life. 

About the last of November the ever-aspiring Nim- 
rods, undeterred by little game, scanty fare and the 
gigantic floods of other years, again braved the dan- 
gers of starvation and the elements, and disappeared 
in the trackless wastes of the Blue Ridge Mountains, 
emerging after a week with good appetites, no pelts, 
and the most startling "hunters' chorus" that ever 
vexed the echoes of a Quaker community. 

Eleventh month, 30th. The mercury fell to ten de- 
grees above zero. Ice was abundant, and several days 
of very cold wintry weather set in. 

Twelfth month, 8th. The Maryland State Grange 
was better attended than for several years past, and, 
judging from the published proceedings, the Mont- 
gomery delegation did its full share of work. 

Twelfth month, 14th. Kate C, wife of Dr. F. W. 
Elbrey, died in her forty-second year. This lovely 
woman and dear neighbor was so conscientious, so 
truthful, so refined in all her instincts, and possessed 
those social graces and enduring traits of character 
that drew around her loving friends while she lived, 
and sincere mourners for her untimely end. 

Only a few months before she had come to live 
among us as one returning to an old home. Her hap- 
piness in all her country surroundings, her interest in 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 231 

every growing thing, was very great. But already an 
insidious disease was preying upon her, and this de- 
voted wife and mother was taken from her invalid hus- 
band and young daughters when she seemed most 
necessary to their comfort and well-being. She was 
interred on the morning of the 17th, at the meeting- 
house among those whom she fondly called "her 
people." 

"Lay her to rest — her work is done, and well, 
A generous, sympathetic Christian life, 
A faithful mother and a noble wife — 
Her influence — who can tell? 

> 
"Lay her to rest, say not her work is done, 
No deed of love or goodness ever dies, 
But in the lives of others multiplies — 
Say it is just begun." 

Twelfth month, 14th. There was a sale of imple- 
ments, stock, etc., at Leawood preparatory to the re- 
tirement of Isaac Hartshorne from farming. 

On Twelfth month, 22nd, a little after midnight, 
Warwick Miller Brooke, only son of Charles F. and 
Come M. Brooke, died in his eleventh year. A great 
wave of sorrow and sympathy passed over the com- 
munity when this beautiful and mature boy succumb- 
ed to a sudden, violent illness, and the home which 
had been so filled with his energy and helpfulness, his 
bounding health and radiant presence, was, indeed, 
bereft and desolate. 

The hope and pride of two families, it seemed as if 
he must live to fulfill the promise of unusual endow- 
ments of mind and person. His mechanical talents 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

were decided ; his use and command of language far 
beyond his years, and sentences often fell from his 
lips perfect in construction and application. 

The generous heart of this little lad seemed con- 
stantly to overflow with affection towards relatives 
and friends, and the brief measure of his life has left 
behind an abiding individuality, a charming person- 
ality, a fragrant memory. 

On the afternoon of the 23rd, a very large con- 
course met at Brooke Grove, and amid many tender 
expressions of grief, perhaps his most pathetic trib- 
ute was the silent tears of his schoolmates, who had 
loved him "with an exceeding great love." He was 
laid in the family burying-ground at Alloway. 

"Heaven knows what man he might have been, to 
us he died a most rare boy!" 

Professor "William Taylor Thorn moved his family 
from Roanoke, Ya., to Mt. Airy to live. This gentle- 
man will now be engaged in University extension and 
other literary work. 

Twelfth month, 24th. The mercury was sixty-four 
degrees, the weather unseasonable and debilitating, 
and a gloom, from recent deaths and severe cases of 
illness still existing, overshadowed the Christmas 
time. 

The warm, foggy atmosphere brought to the sur- 
face all the old proverbs, and in this case many of 
them proved to be "wise saws." 

"A warm Christmas, a cold Easter." 

"A green Christmas makes a fat churchyard." 

"If ice will bear a man before Christmas it will not 
bear him afterwards." 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 233 

"If Christmas finds a bridge he will break it; if he 
finds none, he'll make one." 

Twelfth month, 31st., Washington B. Chichester, 
jr., and Eliza M. Hallowell were married by Episcopal 
ceremony at St. John's Church, Olney. A large and 
pleasant reception followed at Rockland. The young 
couple will live at "Springland," where a new house 
has been built for their accommodation. 

Very few of us, perhaps, sit out the old year without 
a flashing glance of retrospection over the past, and 
good resolutions and bright hopes for the future. 

"On New Year's eve, before the coals, 

We sit and lder why 
We made so many blunders in 

The year that's just gone by. 

"We look back on our many calls, 

On fickle f8's hard blows, 
And fondly hope that next year's joys 

Will outweigh last year's woes. 

"And, yet, if it should happen that 
By times be9 decree — 
The same old troubles should come back, 
To test both you and me; 

"Remember that in this queer world, 

For every 1 who tries 
His level best, and is content, 

There's sure to be a prize." 

On the morning of First month, 1st, 1892, we 
awoke to find the ground covered with snow, and for 
more than two weeks thereafter clear, cold weather 
continued. The sleighing was most excellent, and 



234 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

the air seemed resonant with the cheerful jingle of 
bells — sometimes not used for a whole winter. 

The following tribute was written by request on the 
death of Mary Annis Stabler: 

"While earth is so rilled with suffering humanity, 
the feeble and the aged, who would fain lay down the 
burden of life and enter their eternal rest, we marvel 
that death should claim one so fitted to live and min- 
ister to the needs of others, as our friend Mary Annis 
Stabler. 

"With her tireless energy, her superb physical 
strength and wonderful powers of endurance, she has 
been called home in the zenith of her glorious woman- 
hood. Phillips Brooks says: 'Xo man or woman 
can really be strong, pure and good without the world 
being better for it, without somebody being helped and 
comforted by the very existence of that goodness ;' 
and so the many who were privileged to enjoy intimate 
companionship with her may still feel the halo of her 
presence strengthening them in the performance of 
duty. 

"She was born in Lynchburg, Va., in 1857, and lived 
there until the summer of 71, when she came to re- 
side at Leawood, and made, by her devotion and 
cheerfulness, an indispensable member of that family 
for sixteen years, when she joined her mother and sis- 
ter in their new home 'Gladwyn.' Her strong at- 
tachment to her relations and friends was unswerving, 
and her love of and patience with little children un- 
tiring. She was an active and useful member of 
Brighton Grange from its organization in 1874, never 
flagging in her efforts to keep the hall tidy and pleas- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 235 

ant. For many years she was "lady assistant stew- 
ard," and when relieved of that duty was librarian, op- 
ening the hall between the regular meetings, so that 
the members could have full use of the books. 

"The meeting on January 13th was closed as soon as 
her death was known, and a special memorial meeting 
was held for January 30th. 

"Shortly before the new year opened, with its pages 
mercifully veiled from our vision, Mary Annis was 
summoned to the Hartshorne family at Leawood, and 
she entered heart and soul into the labor of love which 
was to be her last on earth. By day and night she 
was at her post ministering to first one invalid, and 
then another, with cheering word and sympathetic 
touch, trying to alleviate the miseries of "la grippe," 
until her own illness forced her to succumb, and she 
was taken back to 'Gladwyn.' Pneumonia develop- 
ed, and after a brief illness she closed her earthly ca- 
reer January 13th. 

"On the 15th, the day of the funeral, the earth was 
covered with a heavy mantle of snow, which seemed 
emblematic, not only of the dreariness of the home 
which was to know her no more, but of the unsullied 
purity of her own life. 

"Perhaps this tribute cannot be more fittingly end- 
ed than in the words of an intimate friend, who said : 

1 'The beautiful life that has closed, all too soon, has 
been a blessing to us all, and the sure knowledge that 
she has laid down her cares to enter an eternal peace 
and joy is a comfort. Truly, her life was an epistle 
of goodness to be read by all.' " 

H. J. B. 



23G ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

First month, 14th, 1892. The Woman Suffrage As- 
sociation of Maryland held its annual meeting at the 
Lyceum, and was presided over by Caroline H. Mil- 
ler, the president, who was reelected to that position 
for the ensuing year. James P. Stabler, the secretary, 
being unable to attend from sickness, Mary Bentley 
Thomas filled his place pro tern. 

Edith D. Bentley, Charles H. Brooke, Sarah T. 
Miller and Mary Bentley Thomas were accredited as 
delegates to the convention to be held in Washing- 
ton in the Second month. 

First month, 17th. The mercury at some places in 
the neighborhood touched zero, and there was still 
plenty of snow. Almost every household had sick in- 
mates. "La grippe"' and pneumonia laid low the 
older members, and measles and mumps seized the 
children. Sherwood school had just about one-half 
its average attendance ; white and colored were alike 
afflicted, and it was a season of dread and gloomy 
forebodings. 

That mysterious disease, "la grippe," returning 
for the third winter, and each time with greater vio- 
lence, was now raging in all directions. When some 
scientists proclaimed it was due to unusually large 
and active sunspots. we were glad to get even that 
near the cause of this little understood and world-wide 
malady. 

About this time Samuel A. Janney went on a sea 
voyage for health's sake to Liverpool, England. 

After many months of failing health, at her home, 
■"Leawood," First month, 19th, died Anna E., wife of 
Isaac Hartshorne, in her sixtieth year. This kind, ge- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 237 

nial and attractive wife and mother could be but illy 
spared from a devoted husband, whose failing eye- 
sight made him especially dependent upon her, and 
from a household whose centre she had ever been. Of 
refined and intellectual tastes, a constant reader of the 
best books and literature of the day, one could always 
learn something of interest and value in her society. 

She was a member of Brighton Grange, and of the 
"Association," and ever dispensed the generous hospi- 
tality of her native state, Virginia, in her pleasant 
home. 

Flowers were her especial delight, and to their suc- 
cessful cultivation she brought an intelligent care that 
insured her many prizes for rare and beautiful exhibits 
at the horticultural society and at fairs. 

A large procession of sorrowing relatives and friends 
attended her funeral on the afternoon of the 22nd, and 
followed her remains to Woodside Cemetery, where 
she rests near the sister she had loved so well, and who 
had preceded her but a short time to the spirit-land. 

The twentieth annual convention of farmers met 
at ten o'clock, First month, 19th, at the Lyceum. 

Owing to a most inclement day the attendance was 
not more than half as large as in former years, but the 
following topics were discussed in an animated man- 
ner: "How can the fertility of the land be maintained 
when hay is the principal crop sold?" "What public 
road legislation do we require?" 

Want of time prevented other questions from being 
spread before the meeting, and papers on the subjects 
of "The wisdom of clearing timber lands," by Henry 
C. Hallowell, and on "The advantage of planting large 



238 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

acreage of potatoes," by Edward P. Thomas, could 
not be read, but were ordered printed wth the proceed- 
ings of the convention. Benjamin D. Palmer presided, 
with J. Janney Shoemaker and Henry H. Miller as 
secretaries. 

The historian's task in this sorrowful winter had in- 
deed, been replete with sad chronicles, and it seemed 
as if the fell destroyer had stricken down in our midst 
those who could least be spared, and who seemed 
most likely to live. Yet, again, the community was 
shocked and distressed by the death of Mary G. Ty- 
son, First month, 26th, in her sixty-seventh year. 

On the death of her husband, Henry Tyson, of Balti- 
more, she had come with her family some fifteen years 
ago to reside among us ; here, some of her daughters 
had been educated, and two of them married. 

Her fine physique and excellent health, her undimin- 
ished physical and mental powers, seemed to insure her 
a long life, and it was difficult to believe she was near- 
ing the allotted three score and ten. 

"Seized with 'la grippe,' and other complications, 
after a brief illness, violent and fatal from the first, she 
was taken from her sorrowing children, and they were 
bereft of their mainstay, the loving and beloved 
mother. A woman of strong individuality and pro- 
nounced feelings, a constant and intelligent reader, 
an admirable conversationalist, helpful and indus- 
trious, the head and centre of a busy, delightful home, 
who can fathom the loss that pervaded her bereft 
household ! 

On the morning of the 29th many friends assem- 
bled at Marden despite the early hour, to pay the last 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 239 

tribute of affection and respect to her, who lay in the 
majesty of death within those hospitable walls. 

Her remains were taken to Baltimore, and interred 
that afternoon, at Greenmount, beside her husband. 

Second month, 12th and 13th, were extremely cold, 
clear days, and before sunrise on the latter date and 
again that evening a most beautiful ''aurora borealis" 
hung its crimson drapery in the sky. Seldom has such 
a display been witnessed in our latitude, and many of 
pur colored friends were greatly alarmed, believing 
that "war, pestilence and famine" would quickly follow 
this exquisite panorama of color from lightest pink to 
vivid red. 

Second month, 19th. Henry, son of Dr. Augustus 
and Helen Snowden Stabler, was born. 

Second month, 20th. R. Rowland Moore having 
leased his farm, "Amersley," to Tarleton B. Stabler, 
moved with his family to Marden. 

R. Rowland Moore, whose initials we learn now 
stand for "railroad," from much travel behind the iron 
horse, after cutting the timber from thousands of 
acres in Montgomery county, has now advanced into 
Virginia, and proposes to lay low many a tree on the 
Rappahannock, and to convert the wood into ties and 
sleepers. 

William W. Moore and Tarleton B. Stabler have 
entered into a partnership to carry on the creamer} 7 
and ice-cream business at Amersley. 

Coincidents are singular, because they are subject 
to no law they are as unique and unaccountable as the 
crystal found in the geode. 

Washington's birthday occurred on February 22nd, 



240 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

which was Monday, and there was nothing strange in 
that; but why should every other holiday in 1892 also 
fall on "wash-day?" This year is made leap-year by 
the fact that there is a 29th of February, and that date 
falls on Monday. The 18th of April is Easter Mon- 
day ; the 30th of May, Decoration day, is again Mon- 
day ; the 6th of June is Whitsun Monday ; the Ameri- 
can eagle will give his loudest screams on July 4th — 
also Monday ; Labor day comes on Monday, Septem- 
ber 5th ; Christmas and Xew Year's are two Sundays, 
and will be celebrated on Monday. 

This most disagreeable day of all others, perhaps, to 
housekeepers, when the wheels have to be set in mo- 
tion again, and duties and responsibilities resumed af- 
ter the Sabbath rest, has, in 1892, risen as it were from 
the suds, and will assert itself in religious observ- 
ances, in memorial services, in patriotic oratory, in rest 
for toiling thousands, and in Christmas and New- 
year's festivities. 

We doubt if ever again all these various holidays can 
fall on Monday. 

Ashton was made a money-order office about this 
time, and the postmaster informs us that the first 
money-order came from Newburg, Oregon, and the 
first postal note cashed was from Florida, almost as far 
northwest and southeast apart as this big country ad- 
mits of. 

The vice-president of the Laurel bank, Alban G. 
Thomas, opened a branch office for transacting the 
business of that institution at Ashton store. 

From Second month, 23rd, to Third month, 2nd, for 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 241 

eight days the sun shone neither on the just nor the 
unjust. 

In this period of gloom almost every variety of 
weather was our portion, fogs, rain, hail, snow and 
high winds. March came in like a lion and continued to 
roar for many days thereafter. Despite a severe storm, 
the "pink tea" at Olney grange hall, Second month, 
29th, was quite a success ; about a hundred persons 
braved the elements and enjoyed an excellent supper.' 
The waitresses were becomingly attired in pink and 
white, and the "fan brigade," in which they took part 
later in the evening was a graceful exhibition. Mrs. 
Granville Farquhar, Mrs. Catherine Janney and Mrs. 
Williams, ably seconded by young assistants, deserve 
great credit for this entertainment. 

Third month, 2nd. Ellen Farquhar, with Rebecca 
T. Miller, Amy and Lucy Miller, of Baltimore, Anna 
Coale, of Riverton, N. J., and Miss Snyder, of Penn- 
sylvania, set sail from New York for a six months tour 
abroad. These "personally conducted" young women 
had, with one exception, all been Rockland scholars, 
and were now to have the fulfillment of a promise 
made years ago by their teacher, who is rapidly be- 
coming our greatest traveler. 

Third month, 9th. The waving curtains of the wil- 
low, shown green in the first sunshine we had enjoyed 
for a week, and the robin redbreast appeared under 
the holly trees, feasting on the scarlet berries that cov- 
ered the ground. 

On the 10th, about the usual date, the fan-tailed 
blackbirds returned to their habitation in the tall lo- 
custs at Norwood. 



242 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Who can fathom the mystery of that instinct which 
brings these winged wanderers back to the same tree- 
top, season after season? "Men may come, and men 
may go," but the birds for countless generations, near 
the same day of the month, fly out of the southern sky 
and alight on the same knarled old branches. 

About noon, Third month, ioth, Rachel E., widow 
of the late Alban Gilpin, after many weeks of suffering 
from heart trouble, passed away in her seventy-sixth 
year. This estimable friend had spent most of her 
long tranquil life in our neighborhood. Gentle and 
placid, she spoke no ill of anyone, and her self-con- 
tained, discreet, well-ordered existence was an example 
to be followed. An interested member of the "Horti- 
cultural" and the "Association,'" she enjoyed mingling 
with her friends at the pleasant meetings of these so- 
cieties. Blessed with a deyoted daughter, from whom 
she had never for any length of time been separated, 
her declining years were passed in that comfort and 
freedom from care so grateful to the old. She was 
buried on the afternoon of the 12th, at Woodside 
cemetery. 

Third month, ioth. A blizzard of wind, rain and 
snow struck us ; the mercury fell many degrees in a 
few hours, and all through that night and the next 
day, swift, piercing winds blew the light snow hither 
and thither. 

The 13th and 14th commenced very wintry, and on 
the 1 6th we awoke once again to find a white mantle 
hiding mother earth from view. Xo wonder the pa- 
pers announced, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 243 

"He wrote <a spring poem — to sell it he sped, 
He was found in a. snow-drift, 
Congealed and quite dead." 

Benjamin H. Miller, Indian inspector, whose 
graphic letters from the far northwest have entertained 
the readers of the "Montgomery Press" in the past 
five months, returned to his home on a leave of ab- 
sence. He has already traveled 45,000 miles in gov- 
ernment service, and endured diversities of climate 
only to be compared to the "below zeros" and "above 
boiling" points of a thermometer. 

Third month, 12th. The book club that began its 
career of usefulness and enjoyment several years ago, 
with twelve members, finds its numbers swelled to fifty 
at present. 

It is conceded that "the dog that takes hold is a 
good dog; the dog that holds fast is better," and pos- 
sibly the dog that wins the prize at the bench show is 
best of all. The Sandy Spring hunting club secured 
four premiums at the recent exhibition in Washington, 
of all sorts of canines except the "cur of low degree." 

Third month, 17th, Ainsworth R. Spofford, con- 
gressional librarian, delivered at the Lyceum a beau- 
tiful and instructive lecture on "The Art of Reading. ' 
A persistent storm of sleet and snow prevented many 
persons from enjoying this intellectual treat. 

St. Patrick's day lasted all through the night, and 
by the next morning the ground was covered with the 
deepest snow of the year, from ten to twelve inches on 
the level, and huge drifts in many places. Sleighs came 
merrily forth, and the prudent housekeeper wondered 
if the garden could be planted in time to produce those 



244 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

"delightfully fresh" vegetables, so grateful and neces- 
sary to the ever-hungry city visitor or boarder. 

On the evening of Third month, 28th, Prof. William 
Taylor Thorn inaugurated a Shakespeare class at Mt. 
Airy to meet weekly for the study of the great master 
who has depicted every emotion of the heart and every 
attribute of human nature. 

The Third month came in with violent storms ; gave 
us only three really clear days, and inflicted on us a 
constant variety in the shape of fog, wind, rain, sleet 
and snow, and finally left us on the 31st in a down- 
pour of eighteen hours duration. Helen Hunt says : 

"Ah, March ! we know thou art kind-hearted in 
spite of looks and threats, and out of sight art nursing 
April's violets." 

But the prose of sodden country and long-delayed 
spring seemed to outweigh all poetic fancies. 

Early in April we had to congratulate our sister me- 
tropolis, Brookeville, on the passage of a bill through 
the legislature to allow her to borrow $3,000 to pave 
her sidewalks. Although our grandfathers, through all 
their long lives, heroically stuck in the mud, and had 
plenty of time to extricate themselves, their descend- 
ants are convinced that good roads and improved 
thoroughfares are the highways to comfort and pros- 
perity. An unusual number of railroad bills were be- 
fore our legislators at Annapolis at this time. One 
especially seemed worded to inevitably strike us, as it 
is to go from Washington to Laurel, thence to the 
Pennsylvania line by any practicable route it may se- 
lect through Prince George, Montgomery, Howard 
and Frederick counties, with lateral branches. Now, if 



ANNALS OF SAND* SPRING. 245 

these lateral branches could encompass "Alloway" and 
"Falling Green" everybody in between ought to be 
satisfied. 

About the last of the Third month Robert H. 
Brooke returned to his situation in the civil engineer 
corps of the Norfolk and Western Railroad ; Walter 
H. Brooke went to St. Louis, expecting to secure a 
position and locate in that city. 

Fourth month, 3rd. The mercury registered eighty 
degrees at noon, eighty-four degrees at three o'clock, 
seventy-rive degrees at half-past six. The same sum- 
mer heat continued on the 4th. 

Your historian would be loath to fall short in any 
particular in this veracious record, neither would she 
be willing to step beyond designated duties, but she 
cannot forbear giving to the maiden sisters a gentle 
hint that it is again leap-year, and to the bachelor 
brothers a timely warning of the perils they are ex- 
posed to. But few marriages are noted in these pages, 
but if Dame Rumor is correct — there will be more to 
follow. 

One bachelor, considered invulnerable, has caused 
some comment and anxiety among his friends by go- 
ing twice from home in the past year and remaining 
over night, once as far as Hagerstown. This is re- 
garded as very suspicious, and unless means are taken 
to secure a reciprocity treaty with Hagerstown, 
should not be allowed by interested sisters. While a 
commodity is abundant and of excellent quality in 
our midst, importations should be discouraged until 
the demand outweighs home consumption. On the 
other hand an unmarried lady traveling beyond the 



246 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Mississippi has written home to secure a copy of that 
touching song, "Thou hast wounded the spirit that 
loved thee!" This is considered encouraging, as 
there may be a western market for some of our sur- 
plus riches. 

The measles broke out early in the season in a fam- 
ily that for three generations, certainly, and perhaps 
further back, has had its engagements and marriages 
emphasized by this eruptive disease ; indeed, it is a 
mooted question in this family, whether Cupid brings 
the measles, or that malady hastens the appearance 
of the rosy god. 

Without going into details on this delicate and in- 
teresting subject either from the fact that four will 
divide evenly into 1892. or from other causes, your his- 
torian is encouraged to believe that marriage bells 
w r ill ring merrily in the coming months, and that 
orange-blossoms will be the favorite flower, though 
it is still a well-known fact that in this otherwise richly 
endowed neighborhood, 

"Our saddest words of tongue or pen — 
There are so many women, and so few men." 

On the afternoon of Fourth month, 5th, the first 
meeting of the horticultural was held at Rockland, 
and members reported the least possible work done 
in their gardens, and a very backward season. 

On the evening of Fourth month, 7th, the distin- 
guished traveler and author, George Kennan, gave 
us a most charming lecture on the subject of "Vaga- 
bond Life in Eastern Europe." Even standing-room 
was at a premium in the Lyceum, and it was pleasant 



ANNALS OF SANDY SRtUNG. 247 

to be told by the lecturer after he had finished that 
while he had many larger audiences elsewhere, he 
never had any ''as keenly attentive, and as quick of 
perception as in this neighborhood." 

There has been but little building during the year ; 
a tenant-house at Alloway, additional rooms at 
Amersley, the Harden barn enlarged, a tenant-house 
rebuilt at Belmont, a windmill, with the accompany- 
ing conveniences of water upstairs and down, at Pon-y- 
Bryn. 

The most important improvements have been made 
to Charles E. Bond's bone mill, which doubles its 
former size, and to Brighton store, in the shape of a 
beautiful drug department, fitted up in tasteful style, 
with hard-wood counters, a fretted-iron ceiling and 
plastic-work screen. 

Fourth month, ioth. After long illness and suffer- 
ing Elizabeth J. Holland passed away in her seventy- 
first year. Our esteemed friend had long been the 
sister-mother in a household of brothers and sisters, 
and had pursued the even tenor of her way, finding 
her chief happiness in that routine of domestic duties 
so essential to the comforts of home. 

She frequently attended our meeting, and was in 
sympathy with us, although not a member, and had 
belonged for many years to the "Association for mu- 
tual improvement," welcoming her friends to a gath- 
ering of this kind with her accustomed hospitality 
even after she was attacked by a fatal disease. When 
such a useful and honorable life is closed the family 
circle knows the void cannot be filled. 

A Turkish proverb says, "Before you go in find a 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

way out," and in drawing this record to a close, it 
seems as if the sentence one wishes most ardently to 
utter, because it is the last, is after all the most dim- 
cult to frame. 

This past year has been one of many blessings in 
abundant crops of every kind, and in immunity from 
those disasters by storm and flood that have laid waste 
many sections of our land. But it has been a period 
of much sickness, of many deaths, of a great sense of 
anguish and bereavement for those we could so illy 
spare, and who have entered into the higher life. 

Many families have passed "under the red." and 
have been sorely stricken ; all have been bowed with 
grief and tender sympathy. It is a merciful provision 
of an all-wise providence that "times of sorrow" 
do not stand still ; existence must go on ; the sun 
shines, though we would fain sit in darkness, flowers 
bloom and birds sing, the hourly duty must be per- 
formed. The scars are still there, but after a while 
the healing touch of time gently closes the open 
wound. 

As the sculptor chips away the marble and evolves 
from the block the form of perfect beauty and pro- 
portion, so every experience, every joy, every heart- 
ache carves the character, and should mould us to- 
wards a better and higher standard, and as the years 
roll on we can hope and believe, 

"Xo thought or thing- can ever die, 

But change incessant governs all; 

So atoms from the crumbling rock, 

Move upward in the forest tree, 

And every act, for good or ill, 

Casts light and shade eternally." 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 249 



CHAPTER X. 

From Fourth Month, 1892, to Fourth Month, 1893. 

Prof. E. J. Looniis and President Gihnan, of the Johns 
Hopkins University, lectured — Bicycles appeared — 
Golden Wedding of Charles G. and Jane T. Porter — 
Large excursion to Sugar Loaf Mountain — Philip S'fcab- 
ler's barn burned — Obituaries of Mary M. Miller, 
Sarah Ann Gilpin, Cornelia Strain, B. Gilpin Stabler, 
Samuel Hopkins, Richard T. Kirk and Mary H. 
Chandlee. 

At the annual meeting of the Lyceum Company, 
Fourth month, nth, 1892, all the officers of the preced- 
ing year were continued, with no change of directors. 

Frances Stabler was appointed to take charge of the 
meteorological report, and Charles Iddings was re- 
quested to assist her. The weather for some years 
had been left entirely to the tender mercies of the his- 
torian, who still feels at liberty to round up a sentence 
with a shower, separate paragraphs by a blizzard, or 
finish off a page in a blaze of sunshine. There has 
been no monopoly of heat, cold, winds and snows in 
the past twelve months, but enough and to spare for 
all. 

Fourth month, 15th, Good Friday, was a misnomer, 
as sleet and rain came on, but it cleared beautifully 
for Faster Sunday. 

Olney was made a money-order office about this 



250 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

time. It seems as if a multiplicity of offices and addi- 
tional facilities have increased rather than diminished 
the amount of postal matter at old Sandy Spring since 
those far-away days when the mail came once a week 
and supplied the whole surrounding country. 

The quarterly meeting of our Orthodox Friends 
was held at Ashton, on the 16th, 17th and iSth of 
Fourth month. The attendance was rather smaller 
than usual ; as some of the resident members are a 
long distance from the meeting-house, several took 
possession of a cosy, unoccupied dwelling in the vil- 
lage, and moving enough furniture from home for the 
purpose, had comfortable quarters and saved them- 
selves and visitors long rides. 

Prof. E. J. Loomis, of the nautical almanac office, 
Washington, delivered a deeply-interesting lecture on 
the 23rd, at the Lyceum. The subject was "From 
Cape Town to Kimberley, the Diamond City." Air. 
Loomis exhibited specimens of the pebbles among 
which the gems are often found, and showed the audi- 
ence some handsome diamonds embedded in their 
native blue matrix. 

Granville Farquhar, Dr. Charles Farquhar, Amos 
Holland and Dr. Francis Thomas have introduced 
novel water-works on their respective farms. This 
new device is known as the Davis hydraulic motor, 
and is a cheap, simple and effective method of supply- 
ing houses and barns with water. 

Fifth month, 5th. M. Edith Farquhar transferred 
to Charles H. Brooke, her place c-lled "Avery Lodge." 

On the evening 1 of the 9th our democratic friends 
held a mass-meeting at the lyceum. This nearly ad- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 251 

journed before it began, from the fact that one of the 
republican sisters had borrowed the key, and they 
were locked out. Not willing to submit to despotism 
of this kind they entered through the windows, and 
very nearly raised the roof and burst open the door 
with enthusiasm. 

Fifth month, nth. There was a severe hail-storm, 
which fortunately spent its fury ere reaching our im- 
mediate vicinity, and happily the "clouds rolled by" 
before night, and did not interfere with the marriage 
of Dr. Charles Farquhar and Cornelia H. Strain, at 
her home by Episcopal ceremony. The next evening 
a large reception, generally attended by friends from 
far and near was given by the bride and groom at their 
home, "Mendon," beyond Olney. 

Severe hail-storms, accompanied by thunder and 
lightning, in the Fifth month, greatly damaged the 
growing fruit and injured the foliage ; several trees and 
dwellings were struck by the electric fluid, fortunately 
without loss of life. This noticeable activity and com- 
motion of the elements was attributed by many to the 
approach of the planet Mars, which grew mor^ and 
more brilliant as he sped on his fiery path towards us, 
and outshone in grandeur all the other stars. 

Fifth month, 21st. Quite a party braved a hisfh 
wind and pouring deluge, and spent the day at Mt. 
Vernon. On the 28th most of the Sherwood scholars 
and others made the same trip under more favorable 
circumstances, and auspicious skies. 

Sixth month, 3rd and 4th, increasingly warm wea- 
ther, and not the slightest doubt remained in anyone's 
mind that the summer was upon us. 



252 AXXALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 

Sixth month, 12th and 13th were perfect days for 
the quarterly meeting, which, although smaller than 
usual, was of great interest. A large meeting was 
convened First day evening in the interest of philan- 
thropic work. 

Sixth month, 10th. Rockland school had its final 
closing exercises. The proprietor, Henry C. Hallo- 
well, furnished me with the following statistics: 

"Rockland school was the successor to Stanmore 
school for girls, which followed Stanmore school for 
boys. It succeeded the Alexandria school for boys, 
founded by Benjamin Hallowell, in Alexandria, Va., 
in 1824. Benjamin Hallowell began teaching in 1818, 
and members of his family have been continuously 
engaged in educational work from that date to the 
present. There have been at Rockland during its 
fourteen years of existence as a school an average of 
thirty-seven scholars each year, or a total of five hun- 
dred and twenty. The number of different girls is two 
hundred and thirty-nine; the average duration of 
school life has been two years ; the average age at 
entrance fourteen and a-half years, and the number of 
graduates fifty-two. 

"The pupils have been from twelve states, the Dis- 
trict of Columbia and Bermuda, from New York to 
Louisiana, and as far west as California." It is a mat- 
ter of great regret that such a prominent feature of our 
neighborhood as this institution should be closed and 
become a thing of the past, instead of a living pres- 
ence among us. 

Its reputation has spread far abroad, and the beau- 
tiful home life, as exemplified by Henry C. and 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 253 

Sarah M. Hallo well, and their children, has doubtless 
been of lasting benefit to the many young girls shel- 
tered with such kindly, loving and conscientious care 
beneath that roof, and who went forth by devious paths 
to carrv through maturer years and wider experiences 
the advice and influence of their school days." 

The following tribute to Mary M. Miller was pre- 
pared soon after her death by the historian for the 
"woman's association," of which she had been a 
member : 

'To us who loved and admired Mary M. Miller, 
who felt that her presence, whether in the social circle 
or the sick chamber, or even the casual meeting, was 
ever a pleasure and an inspiration, the tidings of her 
death, Sixth month, 17th, came as a shock and heart- 
felt sorrow, and the entire community was saddened 
by this calamity. She had mingled with her friends 
apparently in her accustomed good health, on the 
first and second days of quarterly meeting, but was 
stricken down by a sudden and violent attack on the 
night of the 13th. 

"When hope seemed vanishing, she submitted with 
calmness and fortitude to a dangerous operation, 
which she did not survive. It is perhaps the happiest 
fate to pass from earth in the full tide of a vigorous, 
useful existence, before age has withered the intellect 
or impaired the physical powers, or infirmity brought 
suffering and weariness of life. She had never wished 
to grow old, and although past sixty-four, advancing 
years had left her young in heart, ardent and enthusi- 
astic in disposition, stately and handsome in person. 

"The only surviving daughter in a family of five 



254 ANNALS Oi? SAXDY SPRING. 

brothers, she was born and reared in our neighbor- 
hood in that more primitive time when it was diffi- 
cult to wrench from the land the necessities of life, and 
luxuries were almost unknown. 

"Those who recall her as a child and in her girlhood 
remember her remarkable energy and industry, char- 
acteristics that endured to the last. In the declining 
years of her parents, Caleb and Ann M. Stabler, it 
was her delight to bring them to her lovely home (her 
devoted husband and children cordially aiding her), 
and give them all the comforts that affection could 
suggest. 

"Never prominently identified with public functions, 
few have exercised a wider influence through right 
living and high thinking, and a devotion to the 'good, 
the true, the beautiful." 

She had been permitted to realize her most cher- 
ished hopes, and the dreams and aspirations of her 
youth were more than fulfilled in maturer years. Happy 
in a most congenial marriage, she had watched her 
children grow into honorable men and women around 
her. She had travelled extensively in her own land, 
and in far countries beyond the sea (and cherished 
relatives and friends of all ages, for she seemed the 
contemporary of young and old), w T ho gathered in her 
refined and beautiful home to enjoy the hospitality 
she constantly dispensed. 

"In her prosperity she did not forget the poor and 
struggling, and while few knew the extent of her wise 
and helpful giving, her bounty was limited by no ties 
of relationship, race or creed. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 255 

"A 'birth-right' member of the Society of Friends, 
she ever retained a deep interest in its affairs ; to all 
the neighborhood organizations and charities she ex- 
tended the helping hand, and of the horticultural and 
woman's association she was an active and valued 
member. Of strong intellect, excellent judgment and 
a varied experience, cheerful and enthusiastic in all 
her occupations, she moved along her pathway, enjoy- 
ing the blessings of her full-rounded life, and scatter- 
ing benefits as she passed. 

"Her queenly form and stately grace, 
Matched well the beauty of her face, 
In her warm heart and cultured mind, 
Compassion dwelt for all mankind; 
Perfect the works her willing' hands could do, 
Her charity fell around her noiseless as the dew, 
And still one virtue crowning all the rest, 
Her strict integrity was truest, noblest, best." 

"On the afternoon of the 19th one of the largest as- 
semblages ever gathered here on a similar occasion 
met at Alloway, and she was laid to rest under the 
grand old trees on the lawn, within the limits of the 
home her energy and taste had done so much to beau- 
tify. From many appropriate and touching words 
offered by sorrowing friends and neighbors on that 
occasion I select some extracts : 

"At such a time as this we are made to feel what are 
the important things of life. She whose mortal re- 
mains are here, was not devoted by profession to any 
form of life that is generally called holy, nor did she 
hold any conspicuous place in the public eye, but for 
how many of those who did would we feel the grief 



256 ANNALS OF .SANDY SPUING. 

and bereavement that we do for her ! The centre of a 
household, the mother of a virtuous family, reared by 
her in goodness, usefulness, refinement, cultivation, 
what is there in this world that can be better than this, 
or more deeply missed, when taken from us ? 

" 'When we consider faithfully what it is that 
chiefly marks our recollections of her, I believe it is 
found to be as a doer of good, as a practical and ef- 
fective worker of charity. But in a finer and higher 
sense than this, all who knew her felt that influence. 

" 'Who was so ready as she to welcome any new 
movement toward better things, to second any well- 
meant endeavor, to encourage the beginner or the toil- 
er in all upward aims ? For many a day the best, the 
brightest, the most cheering things will seem to us to 
be said by her voice, or not so well said, because that 
voice is missed. Beyond all the personal attractions 
which made her presence such an object of desire 
everywhere, this inspiration to all good work was her 
gift. 

"Now, my friends, all these beautiful things are none 
the less lovely, because we have no measure of them, 
except anguish, and the irreparable sense of loss. We 
have them now in possession, which no time, no 
change can take away. The impression which we have 
of such things has nothing to do with those which 
death can affect. 

Fair as that earthly form may have been 
while it moved among us, these were not of its nature, 
or we would not now be mourning over that form. It 
is for us to look up through all this cloud and dark- 
ness toward enduring light in the track of so much ex- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 257 

cellence. Therefore it is said, 'Blessed be they that 
mourn, for they shall be comforted.' Hard and long 
as the way of comfort may be, it is the way to the 
gate of heaven. 

"They who feel the bereavement at its very deepest 
through the impress which they bear of such a char- 
acter, not only by nearest and most constant associa- 
tion, but directly in their frames by inheritance from 
it. They, who of all others, feel the loss as most im- 
possible to restore, these are the ones most fitted to 
renew that excellence. 

"Now, it must seem to them as if their best were 
but poor to what is gone, but such is the condition of 
all highest attainment it must not seem too much 
our own. They have each their several advantages 
derived in their birth, not only from this noble woman, 
but from a companion worthy of her, and the time 
will doubtless come when their own children will 
faithfully render equal homage to themselves." 

About this time George L. Stabler and family re- 
turned from the state of Oregon, where they had re- 
sided about a year, and again took up their abode at 
Ashton, where George entered into the butchering 
business. Frances R. Kirk, after long absence in 
Philadelphia, returned to her home, Woodburn, to 
live. 

Robert M. Stabler gathered from about one acre 
of ground thirty-nine hundred quarts of strawberries, 
a profitable crop, although involving a vast amount 
of labor. 

Sixth month, 20th. After thirteen days of intense 
heat cooling breezes mitigated our sufferings. Many 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

severe storms delayed the harvest, but neither seed- 
time nor harvest, heat nor cold, can stem the tide of 
boarders and visitors which sets hitherward in this 
month ; people and trunks were daily cast upon our 
shores, and our season, which never entirely closes, 
had fairly opened by this summer influx. 

At the home of her son-in-law and daughter, 
Thomas J. and Anna G. Lea, on the morning of Sev- 
enth month, 2nd, Sarah Ann, wife of Joshua Gilpin, 
died in her 87th year. She was buried at Sandy 
Spring meeting-house on the 4th. This aged friend 
had spent many years of her earlier life in this neigh- 
borhood, but after her daughters married and settled 
in Rockville, she and her husband made their home 
there, returning frequently to visit relatives in our 
midst. She was a woman of sterling qualities, much 
intelligence and a social disposition, and although her 
latter years were clouded by infirmities, including par- 
tial loss of sight, she took great interest in meeting 
her old friends and neighbors, and attending the "As- 
sociation for mutual improvement," of which she had 
long been a member. 

Almost a hurricane of wind and rain damaged the 
shade trees and the growing corn Seventh month, 3d. 
This was succeeded by dry, sweltering days and nights 
nearly as hard to bear. The grass turned brown and 
sere, and the earth parched under the too ardent rays 
of the sun. Cloudless skies afforded astronomers 
ample opportunity to watch the glorious planet Mars 
that was now, comparatively speaking, within signal- 
ing distance. 

A numerous body of Sandy Spring people went to 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 259 

Ocean City, and others fled to the mountains, but 
were not able to escape entirely the intense heat even 
in resorts warranted to keep cool. 

Seventh month, 27th. Admiral James E. Jouett 
sold '"The Anchorage" to Mr. Harvey Page, of Wash- 
ington, and became again a citizen of the world. The 
admiral declared he was thrown in for good measure 
with the purchase of the farm, and did not propose to 
entirely desert us. 

Eighth month, 6th. Mary Brooke, daughter of 
Ulric and Mary Janney Hutton, was born. 

Fanny Pierce, of Brighton, out of many hundred 
competitors, received the prize from an agricultural 
paper for the following poem, called 

"THE FARMER'S WIFE." 

"Ten years today, Jack, I have lived 

This blessed country life — ■ 
Since first I left my city home 

To be a farmer's wife. 

"I thought that I should miss it so — 

The tramp of busy feet, 
The ceaseless throb of rushing life — 

The faces in the street. 

"I thought the country would be tame, 

It's interests mean and small; 
But then, I could not say you 'No!' 

And so I left it all. 

"I thought of all I loved and left, 

As I came down the aisle; 
My thoughts went backward with a sigh s 

And forward with a smile. 



260 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

"And now, the sun sees every day, 

Earth's misery and bliss, 
And nowhere does he shine upon 

A happier lot than this. 

"There are no walls to hem us In, 

All's open to the sky, 
Here I have learned to love the stars, 

And watch the clouds go by. 

"I watch the birds and squirrels, too, 
And claim them for my own, 

And trees and grass — how could I live 
Where all is brick and stone? 

"I love them still, those toil-worn streets, 
Where many feet have trod, 

The city brings us close to man, 
The country near to God. 

"To think I ever should have paused 
Uncertain — 'twixt the two! 

I am so thankful that I chose 
The country, Jack — and you. 

"This dear old farm! I would not give 

One downy peeping brood 
Of day-old chicks for all the wealth 

Of cities — if 1 could. 

"I love my homely household tasks, 

I love the fields of grain, 
1 love the flowers that lift their headr 

To drink the summer rain. 

"I love the orchard crowned with fruit, 

My garden fair to see; 
I love the horses and the cows — • 

I know that they love me. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 261 

"And, yet, perhaps, it's something else 

That lends my life its charm, 
You see I love tne farmer, Jack — 

And so, I love the farm." 

It is pleasant to know that this bright, young woman 
finds a constant demand for her fancies in verse, which 
are well paid for. 

Mary Bentley Thomas, in our past historical year, 
has also been compensated for her weekly letters to 
the county press, and later on to the Washington Star. 

There can be no reason why Sandy Spring brains 
should not have a marketable value, and perhaps if we 
wait long enough, the great American novel, which is 
yet to be written, will emanate from some secluded 
farmhouse in our midst. 

Eighth month, 19th. Joseph Stanley, son of Sam- 
uel B. and Florence M. Wetherald, was born. 

Ida Sullivan, the first woman bicyclist, appeared on 
our roads, followed soon by others. To some of us 
who have not entirely forgotten the delights of riding 
on four wheels in a buggy with a congenial compan- 
ion, the bicycle and the tricycle seem lonesome and 
melancholy innovations. The young man in these 
progressive days mounts his wheel and speeds away 
solitary and alone ; the young woman spins along so 
swiftly that only a very ardent and industrious youth 
could ever overtake her. Unless Cupid in contradic- 
tion to all past experiences and tradition can learn to 
ride a "Columbia" or a "Victor," every state, like 
Massachusetts, will soon have seventy-five thousand 
unmarried women within her borders. However, this 
may be the happier fate, as Dickens pertinently re- 



262 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

marked, "It would be a jolly good thing for a great 
many couples on their way to be married if they could 
be stopped in time and brought back separately." 

There was a sale on Eighth month, 29th, of farming 
implements and household effects at Mt. Olney, the 
home of Granville and Pattie T. Farquhar, prepara- 
tory to their removal to Washington to live. 

Ninth month, 1st. Tarlton Brooke Stabler and Re- 
becca Thomas, daughter of William W. and Mary E. 
Moore, were married by Friends' ceremony, at Plain- 
field. This beautiful floral wedding was largely attend- 
ed by relatives and friends, many coming from a dis- 
tance. The young couple went immediately to their 
home, "Amersley," which had been most comfortably 
prepared for their occupation. 

Drought continued until wells began to fail, clouds 
of dust filled the air, but, as was pertinently said by 
one of our own people, "Dust is a concomitant of civi- 
lization, and only follows where the activity of man 
has gone before," so we bore it as well as we could. 

Sherwood Friends' school opened with forty-two 
scholars, which number increased to fifty-four during 
the year. The building has been enlarged by the addi- 
tion of a vestibule for the girls and two class rooms 
are also new. Cornelia Stabler came from New York 
City to reside at Cloverly and assist her son, Charles 
M. Stabler, principal of the school, who has associated 
with him as teachers in various branches Arabella 
Hannum, Jessie B. Stabler, Bessie P. M. Thorn, Sarah 
Farquhar, Elise Hutton and Sallie P. Brooke. 

Ellen Farquhar and Rebecca T. Miller returned in 
this month from an extensive tour abroad. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 263 

Ninth month, 19th and 20th, many persons, white 
and colored, went to Washington to see the great pa- 
rade of the Grand Army of the Republic — over 80,000 
men in line — and a splendid illumination and electrical 
display at night, plainly visible in our skies. 

William Brooke, son of the late James W. Brooke, 
a member of the G. A. R., came to visit his birthplace, 
"Charley Forest," after an absence of thirty-three 
years. He noted many changes in that time, and was 
only able to recognize three or four of his former ac- 
quaintances. 

Emily T. Brooke was appointed teacher of the pub- 
lic school at Brookeville, and Miss Dove, of Rock- 
ville, took charge of the public school at Sandy 
Spring. Later on Miss Renshaw and Miss Hender- 
son, of Spencerville, were appointed teachers at Oak- 
ley school. 

Ninth month, 24th. Edward J. Farquhar resumed 
his lectures at Alloway, on "Foreign States and Their 
Politics." Sandy Spring is more deeply indebted to 
this citizen than it, perhaps, realizes. For many years 
he has willingly and cheerfully spread before us in 
these informal talks the phenomenal store of his var- 
ied knowledge on a wide range of subjects, always in- 
teresting and full of instruction, and the meetings of 
this literary society, which has neither local habitation 
nor name, has been continued fortnightly up to this 
date to the edification of all in attendance. 

Ninth month, 25th. "The Friends' social and re- 
ligious circle" convened again, and met at Tangle- 
wood. Many boarders and guests still lingered ; our 
meetings on first days were invariably large, and the 



204 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

acceptable ministrations of several of the younger 
members of society stirred the members and renewed 
spiritual fires. 

As some compensation for the storms of early sum- 
mer, the intense heat of later months, and the long- 
continued drought, perfect weather came on with the 
season once called "the fall of the leaf," but now shorn 
of half its title in these hustling days of quick think- 
ing, speedy action and curtailed speech. 

The foliage, changing slowly, soon presented a 
panorama of unusual gorgeousness, many remarking 
not only the brilliancy of the autumn tints, but their 
long continuance. 

Alary S. Hallowell went to Savannah, Ga., to be 
assistant teacher in the private school of Emelyn Hart- 
ridge, of that city. 

Tenth month, 2nd, Washington Hallowell, son of 
Washington, jr., and Eliza M. H. Chichester, was 
born. 

At noon, Tenth month, 4th, Robert E. Marshall, of 
Virginia, and Martha Ellicott, daughter of the late 
Henry and Mary G. Tyson, were married at Marden 
by Episcopal ceremony, in the presence of a few rela- 
tives and intimate friends. The young couple drove 
away in the brilliant afternoon sunshine, followed by 
good wishes and happy predictions. They will reside 
in Wilmington, Delaware. 

Republican and democratic meetings now prevail- 
ed, and the voice of the politician was heard in the 
land. Parties and issues were strangely mixed; voters 
went to bed republicans and arose democrats, or 
vice versa; prohibition and people's candidates, and 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 265 

female aspirants appeared in the field. In this multi- 
tude gf contending interests all hoped for victory, 
while each feared defeat. 

On the evening of Tenth month, 6th, a number of 
friends called at the home of Charles G. and Jane T. 
Porter to congratulate them on attaining the fiftieth 
anniversary of their wedding-day, they being the ninth 
couple in this community, within the last thirty years, 
who have been permitted to live together half a cen- 
tury. 

Tenth month, 12th. Incorporators of the Washing- 
ton, Colesville and Ashton Electric Road met. For 
the route from Burnt Mills to Ashton, Robert H. Mil- 
ler, Dr. Francis Thomas, Alban G. Thomas, George 
Bonefant, Asa M. Stabler and William E. Mannakee 
represented our section. There is, of course, some 
diversity of opinion as regards the desirability of in- 
creased facilities for either getting into, or out of, our 
neighborhood. Many are willing the railroad should 
run through their front yards, and others think it will 
sound the death knell of the pleasant seclusion of real 
country life. Relying on past experiences, rather than 
future hopes, there seems no immediate danger of any 
other method of travel than the stage, or private 
conveyance, for some time to come. 

Tenth month, 21st and 22nd, members of the 
Plainfield, the Cedars, Mt. Airy and Norwood fami- 
lies made a pleasant excursion to the Sugar-Loaf 
mountain, enjoying on the way the beautiful aspect 
of old Montgomery in gayest autumn colors ; the 
party was delighted to discover such charming scen- 
ery within a dav's ride of their own doors. 



266 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

George Nesbitt, jr., returned to his former home, 
"Longwood," and resumed farming; he had been for 
some years employed in the offices of the Norfolk & 
Western Railroad at Roanoke, and Kenova, Virginia. 
We have had to note the departure of so many young 
men from our midst in past years, let us hope the re- 
turning tide has set hitherward. 

Tenth month, 27th. A fine barn was successfully' 
raised at "Amersley," and this item reminds your his- 
torian that in 1887 a barn was built at Ingleside which 
received no mention in the historical notes of that 
year. It is well to be reminded of these dropped 
stitches, and still better to be allowed to take them up 
and correct the record. 

The appointment of Robert H. Miller, as chief of 
the experiment station at the agricultural college, 
Prince George county, about this time, met with 
general approval from his friends and neighbors ; it 
was noteworthy from the fact that in this instance the 
office had unquestionably sought the man. 

George Tatum and family moved from Howard 
county to the farm at the junction of the Hawlings and 
Patuxent rivers, known as "The Cliffs," now owned 
by Charles R. Hartshorne. 

Mrs. Jane Clark, of Massachusetts, the first instruct- 
or of the colored people here after the war, made a 
visit to the neighborhood and addressed them at 
church and school. 

Indian summer, which seems to combine the sweet- 
ness of all seasons came early in the Eleventh month, 
as the poet expresses it, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 267 

"Now past the yellow regiments of com, 
There came an Indian maiden autumn born — 
And June returned and held her by the hand, 
And led Times' smiling- Ruth, throughout the land, 
A veil of yellow hair was o'er her flung- — 
The south wind whispered and the robins isung." 

In sharp contrast to the soft beauty of these mild, 
hazy days, on Eleventh month, 9th, there was sleet 
and snow. 

The Chinese-tea inaugurated by Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry W. Davis, and others, was given at Olney 
Grange hall on the afternoon of the 17th, and was 
a great success financially and socially. Many useful 
and pretty articles were sold at low prices, and refresh- 
ments served at reasonable rates. Over one hundred 
dollars was realized, which was devoted to temperance 
work and charities in this vicinity. 

Eleventh month, 16th, Elizabeth L., daughter of 
Charles R. and Nellie L. Hartshorne, was born. 

Eleventh month, 19th, Roger B. Farquhar and wife, 
of Rock Spring, celebrated their silver wedding ; num- 
erous friends and relatives attended this pleasant re- 
union. Twelve other new and old brides were brave 
enough to array themselves in their wedding gowns, 
which ranged in age from two months to twenty-seven 
years. Many were exceedingly quaint, but had all, in 
their dav, been the very "glass of fashion and mould 
of form." 

Edward C. Gilpin disposed of a number of lots 
varying in size from one to twenty acres, part of a 
large tract purchased by the late Albert Gilpin, of Bal- 
timore, from the Chandlee heirs. This land was 



268 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

mostly sold to colored persons, who have, in our his- 
torical year, built several neat houses on their own 
land, and a new church below Ashton. 

The many friends of Mrs. Cornelia Strain, widow 
of the late Capt. Strain were much shocked by her very 
sudden death from heart disease, on the 25th, at her 
home, near Olney. The interment was in Wash- 
ington. 

Eleventh month, 27th, nearly all the numerous 
friends and nephews and other relatives of our genial 
and well-beloved friend, George E. Brooke, called on 
him at Brooke Grove, to congratulate him on being 
eighty years young, and to wish him happy returns of 
his birthday. 

The Rev. Mr. Keiffer, of Chambersburg, Pa., gave 
a finished discourse at the Lyceum, on the evening 
of Eleventh month, 30th. His subject was, "Realism 
and Idealism." 

"The Woman's Suffrage Association of Maryland" 
held its annual meeting. Caroline H. Miller refused 
to be reelected president, and Mary Bentley Thomas 
was chosen presiding officer. Several original papers 
were read and speeches made. Caroline H. Miller, 
Mary E. Moore, Sarah T. Miller and Arabella Han- 
num were appointed to attend the national conven- 
tion at Washington, in the First month. 

John C. Bentley, Henry H. Miller, Frank M. Hallo- 
well and William Gilpin went on their annual hunt, 
this year invading Middlesex county, Va., where they 
found abundant game. 

Mahlon Kirk, jr., and Miss May Woodward were 
married by Episcopal ceremony, Twelfth month, 7th, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 269 

at the home of the bride, in Washington, follow- 
ing an English custom the young folks came immedi- 
ately to "Woodburn," which the family had vacated, 
they going on trips while the newly-married couple 
remained at home. 

Twelfth month, 15th. Intensely cold weather be- 
gan, splendid ice was gathered and stored, a long 
hard winter was upon us, and there was no cessation 
of its rigors for many weeks. 

On the afternoon of the 24th the fine barn, com- 
paratively new, at Philip T. Stabler s, was totally de- 
stroyed by fire, supposed to be caused, as in many 
other cases, by the dangerous friction match, the blaze 
first appearing in the very top of the building. 

Despite an "eager and a searching wind," many 
came into the neighborhood on the 24th to revisit 
their old homes, and in pleasant family reunions, par- 
take of Christmas cheer. While some of the old sup- 
erstitions about this festival are dying out, there are 
few who do not still deck the house and table with 
holly, burn the yule log, and sacrifice the largest tur- 
key in the flock on that particular day. 

Twelfth month, 29th, at Yuba City, California, B. 
Gilpin Stabler died in his fifty-ninth year. It was his 
own request that his remains should be brought back 
to his old home, and buried by the side of his mother, 
to whom he had been most devoted. His funeral ser- 
vices were held at the meeting-house, First month, 
8th, 1893. He was the first of the large family of ten 
children of the late Edward and Ann R. Stabler to 
pass away, and though he had wandered far and wide, 
it was within sight of his birthplace, "Harewood," that 



270 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

he was laid to rest. For eight years previous to his 
death he had been successfully engaged in fruit raising 
on a ranch in California. 

Of excellent abilities and ever ready to extend the 
helping hand he did more for others than for himself, 
and had that kindliness of heart and delicacy of feel- 
ing that secured him many friends and no enemies. 

The mercury continued to hover around and below 
zero, sleighing was excellent, the ponds and rivers were 
deeply frozen, and the young folks merrily skated the 
old year out and the new year in on the icy Patuxent, 
and we who are nearing our half century mile-post 
sagely remarked that it was a real old-fashioned win- 
ter, and much more healthful than the half-and-half 
seasons of recent years. But few cases of sickness 
prevailed, and the remarkable recovery of little Doug- 
lass Farquhar from the dangerous operation of trach- 
eotomy relieved the whole community from the heart- 
felt sympathy and anxiety it had shared for many 
weeks with the family at "The Cedars." 

Elizabeth B. Smith and daughter, and Arthur Stab- 
ler and wife were settled in Baltimore for the winter; 
Dr. Francis Thomas and family, M. Edith Farquhar 
and Malvinia Miles in Washington ; Caroline H. Mil- 
ler went on a long visit to Xew York ; and Mary E . 
Gilpin to Baltimore. 

Samuel S. Bond secured a situation in Washington. 
Walter Scott and wife returned from their homestead 
in Florida to take up their abode with us again for a 
time. 

Elizabeth Scott established a dancing-class at her 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 271 

home, for children, and a few of older growth ambi- 
tious to "trip the light, fantastic toe." 

First month, 24th. President Gilman, of the Johns 
Hopkins University, delivered, to an attentive audi- 
ence at the Lyceum, a lecture called, "Glimpses of the 
Mediterranean," which embraced some interesting 
facts regarding the history of the many nations which 
live on the shores of this inland sea, and more especi- 
ally he explained the great "eastern question," always 
convulsing Europe. 

At Norbeck, on the very outskirts in one direction of 
our rather limitless settlement, appeared about this 
time a bright, little paper called "The Anonymous 
News," of which John E. Muncaster was editor and 
printer. 

The annual convention of farmers met at the Lyceum 
First month, 31st, 1893, and was largely attended. In 
addition to more than two hundred Montgomery 
county agriculturists, there were visitors from How- 
ard county, Baltimore, the eastern shore of Maryland, 
Washington, Alexandria and Fairfax county, Va. 

The discussions were animated, and in the end some 
of the questions under consideration had to be post- 
poned for want of time. Benjamin D. Palmer presid- 
ed, and Henry H. Miller and J. Janney Shoemaker 
were the secretaries. 

The committee on railroad crossings reported that 
while there had been some improvement there was still 
room for more at Rockville and Silver Spring. Rob- 
ert H. Miller presented an article on potato culture, 
of much interest and suggestion. The crop reports 
from the Senior, the Enterprise and the Montgomery 



272 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Clubs were read. The average yield of corn had been 
about eight and a-half barrels per acre; wheat, twenty 
bushels ; potatoes, fifty bushels ; oats, eighteen bush- 
els ; rye, twelve bushels ; hay, a little over one ton. 

One member reported one hundred and thirty-six 
pounds of butter from one cow, and one had sold $175 
worth of eggs from one hundred and twenty-five hens. 

A vast amount of cream and butter had been dis- 
posed of, but the year had been far from profitable, al- 
most even- product falling below rather than above 
the average. 

The question, "By what practical means can our 
county roads be improved and made thoroughfares?" 
was discussed. Some thought that the county should 
issue bonds sufficient to build good stone roads every- 
where ; others that individual effort and unity of action 
were all that was needed; others, that national aid 
should be extended, as the government expends large 
sums annually to remove obstructions from harbors 
and rivers ; it might as well improve the public high- 
ways, and make it as convenient for the countrvman 
to get his wagon to market as his boatload of produce. 

On the evening of Second month, 8th, thirty-six 
gentlemen, ranging in age from eighteen to seventy- 
eight years, were entertained at Plainfield by the 
"one-man club," Henry W. Davis. 

If it was a brave person who swallowed the first 
oyster these gentlemen were heroic in their efforts to 
test the many delightful methods in which this cele- 
brated bivalve can be prepared and eaten. As the 
menu card proclaimed, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 273 

"They are good for the sick, 
They are good for the well, 
They are good in the stevvpan. 
They are g-ood in the shell, 
They are good as a roast, 
They are good as a fry — 
Good to stuff turkeys with, 
Good in a pie." 

Mrs. Davis and a corps of maids and matrons passed 
the viands and assisted at the long table spread 
through the rooms, brilliantly lighted, and adorned with 
blooming plants. The venerable Hadassah J. Moore 
looked in a moment to speak a kindly word and wel- 
come all to Plainfield. The host at one end of the 
ample board, ably assisted by William W. Moore, at 
the other, presided admirably. 

Three hours were spent most happily as "course 
succeeded course," and the "feast of reason and flow 
of soul" was uninterrupted. 

Letters of regret purporting to come from the 
Prince of Wales, Bismarck, Harrison, Cleveland and 
Wanamaker were read at intervals by Mr. Davis, and 
were responded to with much point and humor by 
Henry C. Hallowell, Prof. W. T. Thorn, Charles M. 
Stabler, Henry H. Miller and others. 

George F. Nesbitt and John C. Bentley sang solos, 
and the hunting club gave their ear-splitting chorus 
and other songs. Various speeches from gentlemen 
"too full for utterance" testified to the success of one 
of the most unique and delightful occasions ever en- 
joyed in our neighborhood, celebrated for every kind 
of society and organization except this latest addition 
to the list, "The one-man club." 



274 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

If "ease is the lovely result of forgotten toil," it 
seemed now as if we had abundant time to cultivate 
the amenities in our own homes, and enjoy the leisure 
of rural life, which only comes in the depths of winter, 
when frequent storms and obstructed roads shut out 
the world and confine us closer to our own hearth- 
stones. 

With the warmth and comfort inside, the pleasant 
book, the open fire, who has not dreamed before the 
blazing logs of all that Helen Hunt expressed when 
she wrote : 

"Oh, helpless body of hickory tree! 
What do I burn in burning thee? 
Summers of sun, winters of snow — 
Spring-s full of sap's resistless flow, 
All past year's joys of garnered fruits, 
All this year's purposed buds and shoots, 
Secrets of fields of upper air — 
Secrets which stars and planets share. 
Lights of such smiles as broad skies fling, 
Sounds of such tunes as wild birds sing; 
Voices which told where gay birds dwelt, 
Voices which told where lovers knelt; 
* strong white body of hickory tree, 

How dare I burn all these in thee!" 

To those who have seeing eyes there can be no 
season which does not hold its own peculiar charm, 
and the snow-covered fields, the delicate tracery of the 
dark, bare trees against the sky, the dull green of the 
cedars and pines, toning in with the sleeping world, 
are all fraught with beauty and manifold suggestion to 
the true lover of nature. We country folk should learn 
all the mysteries and get close to the innermost heart 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 275 

of the universal mother earth, since we who possess 
her woods and fields are her favored children. 

After long weary hours of suffering, with brief, 
sharp illness, or swift as the lightning stroke, to one 
and all must come in time the pale messenger, and 
often to those whose hold on life seems most secure 
who are in the full tide of maturity and usefulness the 
mysterious door is abruptly opened, and the friend we 
thought most likely to remain passes through before. 

As a great shock came the tidings of the sudden 
death of Samuel Hopkins, of White Hall, on the night 
of Second month, 15th, in his fifty-fourth year. 

He had retired apparently in excellent health, and 
in a moment, without a word of warning, he arose 
from his bed, took a few steps and fell dead. A manly 
man of fine presence and vigorous physique, it seemed 
impossible that he was to be laid away, and the beauti- 
ful old home so filled with his cheerfulness, the devoted 
wife and little children would know him no longer. 
He had that knowledge of the world, that experience 
of men and affairs that made him a most valuable citi- 
zen, and one whose advice was constantly sought. He 
was greatly interested in the club and the horticul- 
tural ; was an extensive and successful farmer, and the 
surrounding country will keenly feel the loss it has 
sustained in his untimely death. 

Hospitable to a marked degree and generous in 
thought and deed, he had constantly helped others 
to help themselves, the truest form of charity. Many 
persons from Howard and Montgomery counties and 
other sections attended his funeral on the afternoon 
of the 1 8th, at Woodside Cemetery. 



276 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

On the following seventh day afternoon, the Enter- 
prise club met at Plainfield, and, after the reading of 
the report of the previous meeting of that body, in the 
First month, at White Hall, by the secretary pro tern., 
the following tribute was offered : 

"It seems fitting that the minutes of the last time 
our organization will ever convene at this beautiful 
and hospitable home, should conclude with a reference 
to the great loss we have sustained. Just four weeks 
ago this afternoon we gathered at White Hall, the 
guests of our beloved and respected fellow-member, 
Samuel Hopkins, and now we have to chronicle his 
most unexpected demise, on the morning of Second 
month, 18th, 1893, called in an instant, as it were, from 
works to reward. One of the first to join the Enter- 
prise club his interest had never flagged in the twenty- 
seven years of its existence. Whole-souled, generous, 
cheerful, the friend alike of rich and poor, old and 
young, what he was to us individually and collectivelv, 
we may partly compute, knowing that he was even 
more valuable to the community in which his lines 
were cast. 

"We believe that the seed sown by the life and char- 
acter of this faithful comrade, good citizen and de- 
voted husband and father will yet bear fruit a hundred- 
fold in Howard county." 

Second month, 23rd. The second of the regular 
course of lectures was delivered by Anson A. Maher, 
of Wilmington, Delaware. His subject, "Travels in 
South Central Africa,'' followed by incidents of the 
Zulu war, in which the Prince Imperial of France lost 
his life, was a very interesting narrative, indeed. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 277 

The Sandy Spring library, after an existence sup- 
ported by subscription and donation of fifty years, 
was declared absolutely free to all responsible per- 
sons by action of the board of directors, and Mary 
Fowler continued as librarian. About this time a new 
industry was inaugurated in the establishment of a 
daily milk-route from the farms of Edward P. Thomas 
and George Willson. Cream has flowed towards the 
District in a steady stream fo r some years, but if we can 
now induce the inhabitants of neighboring cities to 
use our skim-milk we will be fortunate in disposing of 
our surplus, as most of us have observed that while 
there is a great deal of skim-milk, so to speak, along 
life's pathway, there is generally a very small propor- 
tion of cream. 

Third month, ist. Alban G. Thomas, Avho has been 
for twenty-two and a-half years engaged in business 
at Ashton, associated J. Wallace Bond with him, the 
new firm to continue business under the name of A. 
G. Thomas & Co. E. Clifton Thomas entered the es- 
tablishment as clerk. 

Third month, 2nd. At a directors' meeting and the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the establishment of the 
savings institution of Sandy Spring, the treasurer, Jos- 
eph T. Moore, submitted a report and resume of the 
corporation since its inception, Third month, 30th, 
1869. 

Of the twenty-six gentleman named as incorporators 
in its charter of that date, eleven have died, four re- 
signed, and eleven still remain as members of the 
board. In this quarter of a century over a million 
dollars have been received from depositors, over $820,- 



278 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

ooo returned to them, and $125,000 paid out in inter- 
est. The treasurer recommended that in view of the 
amount of surplus on hand, and in commemoration of 
this twenty-fifth anniversary, an extra dividend of two 
per cent, in addition to the regular four per cent, 
should be declared, which was promptly acted on and 
approved by the board of directors. The same officers 
continue in charge of this institution ; Charles G. Por- 
ter, president ; Robert R. Moore, vice-president ; Jos- 
eph T. Moore, treasurer, and Allan Farquhar, sec- 
retary. 

On Christmas day, 1892, our esteemed friend, Rich- 
ard T. Kirk, of Fair Hill, had a severe fall, which frac- 
tured the bones of his leg. Other complications seem- 
ed to arise from this accident, and he lingered in much 
pain and discomfort until Third month, 5th, w T hen 
death released him from all earthly suffering. Devot- 
edly nursed by his family and neighbors through all 
these weary months, he evinced the most patient and 
uncomplaining spirit, and was resigned to the inevit- 
able change which he anticipated with a calmness that 
knew no fear. Born and reared in Sandy Spring, his 
long life of nearly seventy-four years had been spent 
closely at home, where his hospitality and great kind- 
ness of heart drew around him hosts of friends. 

Almost from its organization a member and con- 
stant attender of Olnev grange, he had supervised the 
construction of the hall, faithfully served the patrons 
in the distribution of goods, and at the meetings had 
extended to all the cheerful word, the cordial welcome 
and the helping hand. To many of us who were edu- 
cated at Fair Hill boarding-school, his unfailing kind- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 279 

ness and genial nature are among the pleasa itest recol- 
lections of our youthful days. 

A very large number of persons attended his fun- 
eral on the afternoon of the 6th, and followed his re- 
mains to the meeting-house, where he was laid to rest. 

Among other fitting tributes Henry E. Davis, of 
Washington, spoke feelingly of the cordial good- 
fellowship, the unfailing hospitality and tenderness of 
the deceased, those attributes that make the world 
better for having been, and that live in sweet remem- 
brance long after our friend has departed from our 
sight. 

A fall of snow, accompanied by a fierce wind, Third 
month, 4th, had made the travel extremely uncomfort- 
able for numerous parties going to the inauguration 
in Washington, and still worse for viewing the page- 
ant after they arrived, but this was as nothing com- 
pared to the return trip at night, as the roads were 
blocked by immense drifts, dangerous to man and 
beast. For many years there has been no winter to 
compare with the one just past in blockaded high- 
ways. The pikes have all been shoveled or plowed 
out from three to five times, and at the present writ- 
ing, under sheltered banks the remains of these great 
drifts are still found. 

Although our people may wander far and settle in 
distant states and cities, we still claim them for our 
own, and take a pardonable pride in their well-being 
and advancement. It is therefore pleasant to note that 
several of our young men in our St. Louis colony, 
Robert M. and J. Elgar Hallowell, Walter H. and 
Robert H. Brooke, have all been recently promoted to 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

more lucrative positions, and that their employers ex- 
pressed a desire for twenty more just such boys, from 
Sandy Spring. 

Out of consideration for our girls we protest against 
such wholesale robbery, even if our supply could equal 
the demand. 

The Rev. W. McK. Hammock, the Methodist 
minister at Ashton, removed to Elk Horn, W. Ya., 
and was replaced by the Rev. William Harris, in the 
same pastoral charge. 

On the morning of the Third month, 23d, Mary H. 
Chandlee, of Homewood, passed peacefully away, in 
her seventy-eighth year, after brief illness, surrounded 
by her devoted daughters, whose tender care she had 
been in her old age, and who could truly rise up and 
call her blessed. This lovely, gentle friend had gone 
through deep trials in early life, from which she had 
emerged clothed in that peace "which passeth under- 
standing." 

After the death of her husband. Dr. Edward Chand- 
lee, many years ago, in Pennsylvania, she removed 
her young family of seven daughters to our neighbor- 
hood, and established herself at Homewood. Alone 
in her great responsibility of caring for so many little 
children, she was most judicious in her management, 
never issuing a command, but rather making a re- 
quest, which was sufficient to ensure obedience, and 
she struggled successfully to raise, educate and make 
them self-supporting. She was a remarkable example 
of the result to be obtained by a consistent life of recti- 
tude, industry and frugality. 

Contentment and refinement, twin blessings, sur- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPKING. 281 

rounded her, and her kind, unobtrusive manner en- 
deared her to all who entered her hospitable door. In 
the laying down of life's burdens, and the severing of 
closest ties, what can be better or more consoling than 
the thought that peace and serenity went hand in hand 
with the loved one, through the portal we call death, 
into a brighter and higher existence. 

Charles M. Stabler, principal of Sherwood Friends' 
school, sent in his resignation, to take effect in June, 
and Arabella Hannum, so long and favorably con- 
nected with this institution, is to become the success- 
or of the present incumbent, with Bessie P. M. Thorn 
as assistant principal. 

Charles G. Wilson moved from New Jersey to Dr. 
Francis Thomas' farm, Lucknow, which he will man- 
age. Some additions and improvements have been 
made to the house he will occupy. 

There is nothing truer than the familiar couplet, 

"A little mon sense now and then 
Is relished by the wisest men," 

and seldom, or never, have these walls resounded to 
such laughter and merriment as on the evening of 
the 30th. Henry W. Davis displayed his facile genius 
to the admiring throng, and proved to a packed audi- 
ence that to be able to pass from a Caucasian gentle- 
man to an Ethiopian buffoon, and to make a hundred 
laugh when only one had laughed before, is to be a 
public benefactor, and to possess an unusual gift. His 
"minstrels" assisted him as ably as if born to burnt 
cork rather than the purple, and entertained us delight - 
fullv with instrumental music, dance and chorus, and 



282 ANNANS 01 SANDY SPRING. 

those sweet, old-fashioned negro melodies, so full of 
pathos and memories of ante-bellum times, now hap- 
pily past and gone forever, but still lingering in the 
songs of a captive race. The proceeds of these festive 
hours are to be devoted to the Sandy Spring and 
Grange libraries. 

Despite the cry that "farming seldom or never 
pays," and that the tiller of the soil works harder, and 
receives less compensation than any other laborer, our 
inhabitants have apparently, in our historical year, not 
rusted out at home for lack of means to go abroad. 
Ellen Farquhar and Rebecca T, Miller returned from 
an extensive tour through Europe and part of Africa. 
Alban G. Thomas and wife went to Denver and Xew 
Mexico ; Robert H. Miller to Xew Orleans ; Warwick 
P. Miller and Corrie M. Brooke, to Minnesota : M . 
Beatrix Tyson to England; Joseph T. Moore and wife 
to the Catskills and Lake Mohonk ; Isaac and Charles 
Hartshorne, and Mary Bentley Thomas, to Massachu- 
setts ; Benj. H. Miller to California, Oregon and Da- 
kota ; Jos. T. Moore, jr., to Xew York and Xiagara ; 
Catherine Stabler returned from Missouri and other 
western states ; Mary and Emma Stabler went to Xew 
York and Malvinia Miles to Florida. 

Besides these who are particularly mentioned, be- 
cause they have traveled many hundreds or thousands 
of miles, as the case may be, nearly everyone else has, 
either on business or pleasure bent, made shorter ex- 
cursions to neighboring states, cities and seaside re- 
sorts. 

The art of narrative was to those who lived in the 
early dawn of history the only means of transmitting 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 283 

the facts on which the whole structure of our political 
and moral economy is now based, and in its light we 
realize that we are the same our fathers have been, run 
the same race, think the same thoughts, with only the 
modification of changed condition. 

If I could happily spread before you a dissertation 
on ancient instead of contemporaneous history I 
might let imagination have full play, and offer you 
something "startlingly new under the sun," but each 
year I am handicapped by the knowledge that my rec- 
ords are entirely familiar to my audience. I can only 
hope, therefore, to renew the rippling laugh at joys 
tasted, or the sympathetic tear when one is mentioned, 
now treading the shores "where tideless sleeps the sea 
of time." 

The every-day incidents of our little world, our glad 
outgoings, our sad incomings, our various interests 
and occupations — these are the unyielding facts I have 
endeavored to fittingly set to proper description. I 
can only hope to remind you of what you have done 
in the past and induce you to furnish me with all the 
items you can in the coming year, which will be the 
tenth, and should certainly be the last of my service 
in this office. 

However short and simple the annals of each indi- 
vidual existence, it is of intense personal value, and 
goes to show the workings of providence, and to 
influence for good or ill the whole community. For 
the young who have all the untried possibilities of life 
before them, and, indeed, for all of us, how important 
it is to 



284 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPEING. 

"Think truly — and thy thought 
Shall the world's famine feed; 
Speak truly, and thy word 
Shall be a fruitful seed; 
Live trulv — and thy life shall be 
A great and noble creed." 



CHAPTER XL 



From Fourth Month, 1893, to Fourth Month, 1894. 

One hundred and forty persons from Sandy Spring- visit 
the World's Fair, at Chicago — S. Stanley Brown and 
the Eev. J. T. Kieffer lectured — Extracts from min- 
utes of the Senior Club of 1844 — Obituaries of Sallie 
Pleasants Brooke. Marcella Sullivan, Mary H. Brooke, 
Louise Tennant Miller, Elisha John Hall, Louise P. 
Nesbitt, Edith D. Bentley, Guion Miller, jr., and Mar- 
garet Miller. 

At the annual meeting of the Lyceum Company 
Fourth month, 3rd, 1893, Charles E. Bond was 
elected president, Sarah T. Moore secretary, and the 
following board of directors : John Thomas, Frank 
M. Hallowell, Mary Bentley Thomas, Susannah L. 
Thomas, and Rebecca T. Miller. 

Frances D. Stabler, after one year's trial and trib- 
ulation with the weather, and having submitted a 
most interesting report, declined to be meteorologist 
any longer. Charles A. Iddings was therefore ap- 
pointed in her place, with Harold Stabler as assistant. 

Fourth month, 6th. The whist club was enter- 
tained at Norwood by Henry W. Davis and wife ; 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 285 

and after a pleasant evening adjourned for the season. 

Forest fires prevailed in many places ; smoke and 
the odor of burning brush filled the air. A sprinkle 
of rain on the 7th was welcome, and on the 10th a 
downpour, greatly needed, followed a hot Sabbath, 
when the mercury reached seventy-five, and the buds 
and leaves burst out on shrubs and trees. 

Fourth month, 12th. The amateur minstrel 
troupe, led by Henry W. Davis, performed at Bright- 
on grange hall for the benefit of the rectory of St. 
John's church at Brookeville. 

R. Rowland Moore removed his family to West- 
moreland county, Virginia, to spend several months 
in primitive fashion near the great woods that he is 
rapidly reducing to railroad ties. 

All the schools gave half-holiday on Arbor day, 
but owing to inclement weather fewer trees than usual 
were planted. 

It would seem as if this important yearly duty 
should be zealously performed, as the great ad- 
vantage of adding to the shade along our roads and 
byways becomes more apparent to the practical mind, 
and the poet has beautifully transcribed the blessings 
that descend on the planting of trees : 

"What does he plant who plants a tree? 
He plants the friend of sun and sky, 
He plants the flag- of breezes free, 
The shaft of beauty towering- hig-h. 
He plants a home to heaven anigh, 
The song- and mother croon of bird, 
In hushed and happy twilight heard, 
The treble of heaven's harmony — 
These things he plants who plants a tree. 



286 ANNALS OF SANDY SPKIXG. 

"What does he plant who plants a tree? 

He plants cool shade and tender rain, 

And seed and bud of days to be, 

And years that flush and fade again. 

He plants the glory of the plain, 

He plants the forest heritage, 

The harvest of a coming age, 

The joy that unborn even shall see — 

These things he plants who plants a tree. 

"What does he plant who plants a tree? 
He plants the leaf and sap and wood, 
In love of home and loyalty. 
And far cast thought of civic good. 
His blessing on the neighborhood, 
Who in the hollow of his hand 
Holds all the growth of all the land; 
A nation's growth from sea to sea, 
Stirs in his heart who plants a tree." 

The surveyors of the electric road between Balti- 
more and Washington, via Clarksville and Ashton, 
completed their labors on the 13th ; this time leav- 
ing the latter metropolis out in the cold, as the route 
runs through the valley beyond, cutting in twain the 
farms of A. G. Thomas and Robert H. Miller. 

Dr. Francis Thomas and wife returned from Wash- 
ington where they had spent the winter, and on the 
evening of the 24th gave a large reception to their 
son, William F., and his bride, Pearle Shepherd 
Cooke, to whom he had been married Third month, 
29th, in Norfolk, Virginia. 

Fourth month 27th, Sallie Pleasants, widow of the 
late Roger Brooke, jr., of Willow Grove, died in her 
seventy-ninth year, at Oak Hill, the home of her son- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 2S7 

in-law and daughter Frederick and Martha R. Stab- 
ler. On an afternoon of exquisite spring verdure and 
mingled light and shadow, she was borne from 
thence to the old burying-ground at the meeting- 
house. 

In this simple record there will be recalled to all 
the pleasant memory of one of the best, most tender- 
hearted, whole-souled wife, mother and friend in our 
whole community. Coming from her native state, 
Virginia, a young bride, to the home of her husband 
many years ago, her entire life was spent, with but 
short visits passed elsewhere, in our midst. The de- 
voted mother of a large family, the mistress of a 
hospitable home, her cares were many and varied, 
but her helpfulness, her kindly nature, was never 
strained beyond the unselfish word and deed, ever 
her gift to all with whom she came in contact. Her 
active, intelligent mind was cultivated by a constant 
feast of good reading, and while living closely in her 
home, and for its inmates, she gathered from the out- 
side those stores of general information that often 
make the busy wife and mother the most delightful 
and congenial companion for all ages. After her 
children had reached maturity, and most of them 
settled in their own homes, she went about among 
them for longer or shorter periods, as the case might 
be, but returned to that old rooftree which had ever 
been the happiest spot of earth to her, until seized by 
her last illness, which was of short duration. 

Not only could her own descendants rise up and 
call her blessed, but the orphan children of her 
brother whom she had taken into her large house- 



288 ANNALS t)F SANDY SPRING. 

hold and reared as her own, were equally indebted 
to her tender care. At her funeral one of her sons 
and several sympathizing friends paid beautiful tri- 
butes to her many excellent traits of heart and char- 
acter. 

I cannot, perhaps, more fittingly close this than by 
some extracts from a little poem written, in loving 
remembrance of her, by one of her grandsons. 

"The years rolled by like the river, 
And the days and months came fast, 
When she. like the flowers of autumn, 
Met death, and ±a one of the past. 

'"As she lay in her coffin sleeping", 
A sleep that would wake no more — 
The voice of our father whispered, 
She has gone to the beautiful shore. 

"She was kind and dear to her children, 
And taught them as she knew best, 
To do as she said and directed, 
And leave to Goa the rest. 

"May those who now come after, 

Follow the life she led, 

And think sometimes of her dear sweet face, 

Who looked to God as its head." 

Fifth month, 14th, John J. Cornell attended 
Friends' meeting and spoke to a large and apprecia- 
tive gathering. 

Heavy rains, chilly days, weather uncertain, coy 
and hard to realize that it was the last spring month, 
continued, while fires and winter clothing were still 
in order to keep comfortable. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Pattie R. Stabler and Mary P. Brooke sold to Ho- 
bart Hutton their farm which lies upon both sides 
of Rock Creek about two miles from Rockville. 

Henry H. Miller resigned the office of postmaster 
at Sandy Spring and Samuel B. Wetherald, who had 
acted as deputy for a number of years, was appointed 
to the position. 

Anna M. Farquhar attended for some months the 
school of design in Baltimore and Emma T. Stabler 
of Edgewood went to Ireland with friends who re- 
side there part of each year. 

Fifth month, 31st, Marcella, widow of the late Rob- 
ert Sullivan and daughter of Lydia G. and the late 
Edward Thomas, died at the home of her son Mil- 
ton, in Camden, Xew Jersey. Her remains v 
brought to her home, and the funeral services were 
held at the M. E. Church. Ashton, on the afternoon 
of Sixth month, 2nd. She was in her fifty-ninth year 
and had been a consistent member of the Methodist 
section for some time previous to her sudden death. 

Sixth month, 5th. The mercury sprang up into 
the nineties and, as if only waiting for sufficient heat 
to begin, the baseballers had an exciting game at 
Sherwood, where the little fellows carried off the 
honors from their elders and instructors. 

At Norwood Sixth month, 8th, Milton H. Bancroft, 
of Massachusetts, and Margaret Corlies, daughter of 
Joseph T. and the late Anna L. Moore, were mar- 
ried by Friends' ceremony. 

A large company of relatives and friends graced 
this occasion, memorable for the profusion of roses 
and other flowers which made the house a bower of 



~ ,( JU ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

bloom and perfume. The young couple went to 
Philadelphia to reside. 

Sixth month, nth. Sandy Spring quarterly meet- 
ing was held. John J. Cornell, Lydia Price, Allan 
Flitcraft and wife, all ministers, were present. The 
business meeting on the twelfth was unusually long, 
but interesting. 

Sixth month, 19th. Beatrix Tyson, daughter of 
Jos. T., jr., and Estella Tyson Moore, was born. 

Seventh month, 4th. Mary Hallowell, daughter of 
William S. and the late Mary Hallowell Brooke, died 
at her home, near Gaithersburg, Maryland, in her 
twenty-ninth year. Her remains were brought to 
Sandy Spring and buried at the meeting-house on the 
6th inst. Her life had been full of suffering and one 
long battle with disease ; it seemed as if this journey 
must end in "welcome to the weary," and in the peace 
that follows after conflicts patiently borne. 

This brief mention of one whose sojourn on earth 
was such a baptism of pain would be incomplete with- 
out reference to the untiring devotion of an elder 
sister, and of one who so lovingly and conscientiously 
filled the place vacated by the young mother when 
Mary was almost an infant. 

Severe rain-storms the last of the Sixth month 
made harvest a weariness to the flesh, did much dam- 
age to the crops, and wheat, destined to be sold at 
sixty cents or less a bushel, brought the unfortunate 
farmer in debt. 

Seventh month, 14th, Frederick, son of Tarleton 
B. and Rebecca T. Stabler, was born. 

George L. Stabler purchased from Hallie I. Lea 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 291 

five acres of land, just beyond Eldon, and erected 
thereon a comfortable house for his own occupation. 

Seventh month, 24th, John Hall, son of John H. and 
Sallie Randolph Janney, was born. 

Eighth month, 5th, at Stanmore, Louise Tennant, 
infant daughter of George B. and Zaidie T. Miller, 
died, aged three months, and was buried on the morn- 
ing of the 7th, in the Sandy Spring meeting-house 
ground. These afflicted parents had much sympathy 
in the loss of their sweet baby, and the sad termina- 
tion of a visit to its grandmother, Caroline H. Miller, 
they had so joyfully anticipated. 

Anna M. Stabler, a visitor from New York, spoke 
on "Theosophy," at Alloway, to an eager audience. 
Immediately afterwards she sailed for England to 
take the position of secretary to the theosophical son 
ciety during the absence of Mrs. Annie Besant in 
America, whose duties she performed acceptably for 
seven months. 

Eighth month, 22nd. A tennis tournament was 
held at Alloway. One hundred and fifty people as- 
sembled, and about one-third participated in the 
games. Mary Shoemaker, of Germantown, won the 
prize for "ladies' singles," and George H. Brooke car- 
ried off the honors for men. Dr. S. I. Scott, Samuel 
Wetherald and Henry H. Lizear won nearly all the 
prizes at Sea Girt in the shooting match, and were 
reported to have left the range behind, and not much 
else. 

These outdoor sports were all-pervading, and as 
long as Sandy Spring was on the winning side were 



202 ANNALS OF SAND* SPRING. 

viewed by our people with a self-complacency diffi- 
cult to match and impossible to exceed. 

Eighth month, 24th. A fair was held and concert 
given at Olney grange hall under the auspices of 
members of St. John's Episcopal Church. Several of 
our neighborhood people, as well as the boarders 
within our gates, kindly assisted. 

On the afternoon of Eighth month, 25th, Eliza N. 
Moore, on her fiftieth birthday, gave a children's 
party at Norwood, to Estelle Tyson Moore, jr., who 
had that day attained her third year. Out of seventy- 
nine children invited seventy-five were present, rang- 
ing in age from two months to twelve years. Seventy- 
one grown persons, from the young mother with her 
first babe, to the great-grandfather of eighty-one, 
looked on at this beautiful sight. 

After an early tea on the lawn the coming genera- 
tion departed, leaving with their host and hostess 
the recollection of a most charming scene that will 
not fade while memory lasts. 

On the evening of the 28th and through the night, 
a furious wind-storm prevailed, and the long-delayed 
rain was upon us. The morning light disclosed the 
havoc the gale had wrought. Noble trees were prone, 
branches torn and twisted, the ground covered with 
leaves and debris. Apples and pears lay in heaps, 
bruised and useless; corn was laid low and greatly 
damaged. The large and beautiful willow that shad- 
ed the southeast end of Norwood house was uproot- 
ed and measured its great length on the ground. But 
it was destined later to a useful end, as the sound 
logs were purchased by parties from Washington to 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. * 293 

be made into artificial legs and arms, proving in this 
unexpected disposal of the fine old tree the truth of the 
adage that "It is an ill wind that blows nobody any 
good." 

Four dances, one german, one straw-ride, and two 
baseball games during the last week of the Eighth 
month attested the determination of youthful Sandy 
Spring to have amusement at any cost. 

On Ninth month, ioth, Elisha John Hall died at his 
residence, near Brookeville, after long suffering from 
acute disease. He was born at Greenvale, near Bal- 
timore, and came to this county in 1832, as assistant 
teacher in Brookeville Academy. After remaining 
one year he entered college, but was called to the office 
of principal, in 1836, upon the resignation of Dr. N. 
C. Brooke. In 1851 Mr. Hall resigned to take charge 
of Longwood farm, on the outskirts of Brookeville, 
but was again induced to hold the school together 
until E. B. Prettyman was elected principal in 1853. 

Mr. Hall then became a member of the board of 
trustees, and as chairman of the building committee 
of the present handsome structure, he rendered valu- 
able service. 

In 1869 he became president of the board, succeed- 
ing the late Allan Bowie Davis, and held this office 
without missing a meeting or a single examination 
until his fatal illness. He was a member of St. John's 
parish, and afterwards of St. Luke's, the oldest church 
organization in that section of the country. He rep- 
resented this district in the legislature before the war, 
and during the war he held a federal office under the 



294 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Hon. Montgomery Blair, postmaster-general in Lin- 
coln's cabinet. 

In 1876-7 he was elected president of the agricul- 
tural society. He was identified with the senior farm- 
ers' club, organized in 1844, and also with the horti- 
cultural society, being an interested and valuable 
member of each. In all educational work he was ever 
in the front rank, and many of our leading citizens re- 
ceived their first and only training from his masterly 
mind. He married Mary, daughter of the venerable 
Roger Brooke, of Brooke Grove, who died several 
years ago. 

The funeral services were conducted on the morn- 
ing of the 13th at Longwood, and the remains interred 
in Woodside cemetery. 

The various private and public schools punctually 
resumed their sessions. Emily T. Brooke again took 
charge of the public school at Brookeville, and Sallie 
P. Brooke was appointed to a similar position at 
Emory. Emma Schirer, of Rockville, was made 
teacher of the public school at Sandy Spring, and 
Rose Henderson resumed her duties at Oakley. Sher- 
wood Friends' school reopened with forty-four schol- 
ars in attendance ; Belle AY. Hannum and Elizabeth 
P. M. Thorn as principals, with Sarah B. Farquhar 
assistant, and Augusta X. Thomas and Edna \ . 
Thomas pupil teachers. 

Ninth month. 29th. Frederick, son of Ernest and 
Minnie Rust Iddings, was born at Riverside. 

Tenth month, 3rd. Mahlon Kirk, son of Mahlon, 
jr., and May Woodward Kirk, was born, the fourth 
in direct line to bear this name. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 295 

Marion Haviland and Dr. William Tatum were 
married on Tenth month, 9th, at Ashton meeting- 
house by Friends' ceremony. They will reside near 
her parents at Leawood Mills. 

On the evening of Tenth month, nth, Clarence Lea 
Gilpin and Rose M., daughter of Frederick and Mar- 
tha R. Stabler, were married by Friends' ceremony, 
at Oak Hill, the residence of the bride's parents. The 
house, as is customary here, was beautifully decorated 
with flowers. The young couple went immediately 
to the old Chandlee place, which had been somewhat 
remodeled and rechristened "Delia Brooke," for their 
occupation. 

Tenth month, 17th. Albert Stabler and Lena, 
daughter of Bernard T. Janney, of Washington, were 
married at the home of the bride, in that city, by 
Friends' ceremony. They have gone to housekeeping 
in Washington. 

Tenth month, 28th. Edward L. Gilpin, of Sandy 
Spring, was married by Methodist ceremony to M . 
Josephine Jones, of Norbeck. After a short trip the 
bride and groom returned to live in the old Gilpin 
homestead. 

Beginning almost with the opening ceremonies in 
May, and lasting until the end of Otcober, our inhabi- 
tants had been, by twos and threes, up to parties of 
fifteen or twenty, visiting the Columbian exposition 
at Chicago. Each group of tourists enthused those 
who remained at home until the number that finally 
made the long journey and enjoyed the wonderful 
sights of the most beautiful city ever built, exceeded 
all expectations. Samuel P. and Elizabeth G. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Thomas, and Edith D. Bentley, were the oldest per- 
sons, and Marion Farquhar and Morris Stabler, the 
youngest, who went from our midst. Those who did 
not go seemed doubly unfortunate in missing more 
than they could ever imagine, and in having to listen 
to the perpetual world's fair "talk," in season and out 
of season, of all who returned enraptured with the 
magnificent buildings, the "court of honor." the fairy- 
like illumination, the limitless exhibit, the marvelous 
detail of every department, making the perfection of 
the whole. 

Dr. Francis Thomas went three times to the fair, 
and Eliza N. Moore, Mortimer O. Stabler, Charles E. 
Bond and Belle W. Hannum each enjoyed a second 
trip. One hundred and fifty persons in all are the 
happy possessors of untold treasures regarding the 
white city laid up in memory. 

Very fine weather prevailed the last of the Tenth 
month, and many Friends attended Baltimore Yearly 
Meeting. 

Eleventh month, 4th. Dr. Francis and Beulah L. 
Thomas celebrated their silver wedding, and despite 
a stormy evening, nearly one hundred relatives and 
friends, many from a distance, were present at this 
very pleasant affair, which was also graced by most of 
the bridesmaids and groomsmen of twenty-five years 
ago. 

Eleventh month, 6th. M. Beatrix Tyson returned 
from a year's sojourn with her sister in England, and 
Emma T. Stabler from a six months' visit to Ireland. 

Eleventh month. 9th. A large company assembled 
at Stanmore, invited by Caroline II. Miller, to sew 



ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 297 

for the South Carolina sufferers in response to an ap- 
peal for help from Miss Clara Barton. Many new 
garments were made, and old ones repaired. The sew- 
ing-bee adjourned to meet at Clifton on the i£th, and 
continue the good work. 

Eleventh month, ioth, Francis, son of Henry H. 
and Helen Gray Miller, was born. 

Charles B. Magruder and Roger B. Farquhar, jr., 
entered the George school, near Philadelphia, where 
Charles M. Stabler has a professorship. Edward Far- 
c,uhar was made professor of higher English at the 
Columbian University, Washington. The sporting 
reports were now of special interest to many in our 
neighborhood. 

George H. Brooke, after graduating at Swarth- 
more, entered the Pennsylvania University to take a 
special course of study, and to hold the illustrious 
position of full-back in their football team. He soon 
not only had his name, fame and portrait in most of 
the papers, but had "kicked" and "punted" himself 
into a national renown impossible to attain at any 
college, in these muscular days, except on the athletic 
field. 

"Barney," a dog belonging to the Sandy Spring 
hunting club, traveled by express to Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, and won the first prize for the best all 
round foxhound, winning altogether five prizes 
against a field of hounds from all over the United 
States. 

Eleventh month, 15th. After a rainy day and night 
it was a surprise in the early morning to find the 
ground white with the first snow of the season. 



298 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Eleventh month, 17th. Elizabeth Powell Bond, 
dean of Swarthmore college, lectured before the schol- 
ars and many invited guests of Sherwood Friends' 
school. Her subject, "The Boyhood of William Lloyd 
Garrison and Ralph Waldo Emerson," was most 
agreeably treated. 

George L. Stabler moved from Ashton to his new 
house on the Brighton road, and the cottage he had 
vacated was occupied by Walter H. Brooke and fam- 
ily, the latter renting his farm near Colesville to 
George Willson. 

George Tatum, formerly of Howard county, ex- 
changed some New Jersey property with Mrs. Annie 
Tillum for the convenient house erected a few years 
ago, near Brighton, by the late Dr. Frank Tillum. 

Mrs. Sallie Ellicott and daughter, who had resided 
at the Tillum place for some time, moved to Balti- 
more temporarily. Dr. Francis Thomas and family 
went to Washington for the winter, Elizabeth Tyson 
to Florida, and Pattie T. Farquhar joined her hus- 
band, Granville, who had a position in Washington, 
where Benjamin H. Miller took an office, and engag- 
ed in the life insurance business. 

Olney grange held its annual meeting for an elec- 
tion of officers on Twelfth month, 5th, with the fol- 
lowing result : John C. Bentley, master ; George F. 
Nesbitt, jr., overseer; Rebecca T. Miller, lecturer; 
Dr. French Green, chaplain ^Elizabeth T. Stabler, sec- 
retary ; Mortimer O. Stabler, treasurer ; Grafton Hol- 
land, steward ; Clarence L. Gilpin, assistant steward ; 
Alleta Waters, lady assistant steward ; Xewton Stabler, 
gatekeeper ; Mrs. Catherine Janney, Ceres, Mrs. Cath- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 299- 

erine Beall, flora, and Mrs. Jeannie Mackall, Pomona. 

Twelfth month, 6th, Edward, son of Frank and 
Fanny B. Snowden, was born. 

Twelfth month, 13th. Dr. William I. Hull, of 
Swarthmore college, delivered, before the pupils of 
Sherwood school, a very interesting and instructive 
lecture on the "Stone Age." 

Twelfth month, 20th, Robert, son of Washington, 
jr., and Eliza Hallowell Chichester, was born. 

Beautiful weather, almost too warm for the season, 
made the Christmas gatherings doubly enjoyable for 
the many strangers who had ventured into the 
country. 

First month, 1st, '94. All persons who had visited 
the Columbian exposition were invited to call at Fall- 
ing Green on this day, between the hours of two and 
ten p. m. A large company gathered, and were 
greatly entertained by the appropriate mottos which 
adorned the walls, and by a book in which each one 
was invited to inscribe his or her name and what most 
impressed them in the beautiful white city. The 
"Wellington catering company" was liberally pa- 
tronized by all, and the free lunch furnished was super- 
ior in every particular to its prototype in Chicago. 
All seemed to renew their enthusiasm about the fair, 
and a most unique and delightful entertainment was 
the result. 

The "grippe" appeared about this time, and while 
not nearly so general and severe as in past years, it 
attacked many persons with the usual miserable siege 
of suffering and after-effects. Measles and whoop- 
ing-cough also swept through the community. 

■ u 



300 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

At the annual meeting of the Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Company, First month, ist, all the officers were 
reelected, and Benjamin D. Palmer was appointed 
clerk. 

First month, 2nd. The Rev. Frederic Power, of 
shington, grave a very original lecture at the Ly- 
ceum on "Blockheads 

Edward P. Thomas established in Washington the 
"Belmont dairy," and E. Clifton Thomas and George 
B. Farquhar went there to take charge of it. Dr. 
Francis Thomas opened a coal-yard and feed store, 
and associated with him in this enterprise his son, 
William F. Thomas. Llewellyn Stabler secured a 
clerkship in Baltimore, with Edward Stabler, jr. Rus- 
sell Stabler, late soldier of U. S. Army, having passed 
a creditable civil service examination, received the ap- 
pointment of postal clerk. 

First month. 17th. The woman suffrage association 
held its yearly meeting at the Lyceum, and balloting 
for officers resulted in the following election : Mary 
Bentley Thomas, president ; Rebecca T. Miller, vice- 
president ; James P. Stabler, secretary ; Belle W. Han- 
num, treasurer. The meeting adjourned to Baltimore 
on the 13th of Second month, upon which ocasion 
Su^an B. Anthony addressed a crowded house, and 
seventy new names were added to the roll. 

First month, 18th. A very enjoyable entertainment 
was given at the Lyceum for the benefit of the si. 
ing and homeless people on the South Carolina coast. 
A large audience enjoyed some excellent singing from 
the Sandy Spring quartet, and a farce. "The Sleep- 
ing-Car," admirably rendered by Mrs. Charles F. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 301 

Kirk, Mr. and Mrs. Henry W. Davis, Mortimer O. 
Stabler, J. Janney Shoemaker, Llewellyn Stabler and 
Clarence Gilpin. 

First month, 20th. Fifty persons assembled at Mt. 
Airy, and many old garments were mended and sev- 
eral dozen made for the same worthy object — the 
drowned-out sufferers on the southern coasts. This 
was a stirring day for Sandy Spring ; in addition to this 
large sewing, the three agricultural clubs met in the 
afternoon and "Phrenaskeia" convened in the even- 
ing. It does not seem possible that many persons will 
die of inactivity, or be permitted to rust-out in this 
community. 

First month, 23rd. A fine display of world's fair 
pictures, and a lucid explanation of them by an ama- 
teur photographer, Mr. Jackson, cf Wilmington, 
Delaware, was given at the Lyceum to the delight of 
many who) had enjoyed the original scenes. 

The weather continued temperate and beautiful, and 
plows were constantly going in the fields, but this 
advantage to the farmer was counterbalanced by the 
dearth of ice. Only one freeze that was worth stor- 
ing at all, and but few secured this, hoping for better, 
which, however, did not come. 

Second month, 3rd, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of 
R. Rowland and Margaret G. T. Moore, was born at 
Plainfield. 

On Second month, 3rd, Louise, only daughter of 
Louisa P. and George F. Nesbitt, died suddenly in 
Washington, whither she had gone for medical treat- 
ment, in her twenty-seventh year. Her remains were 
brought to her home, Longwood, and from there in- 



302 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

terred in Woodside cemetery on the 7th. The follow- 
ing obituary- was prepared by one of her young 
friends, who had known and loved her well : 

'Tor a number of years this brave and lovable girl 
had been a great sufferer, but so cheerful was her dis- 
position, and so strong her determination to be well, 
that even those nearest to her were not prepared for 
the sudden end. She had the gentlest of natures, and 
a heart overflowing with love to all God's creatures. 
With such traits of character as daughter, sister, 
friend, she will be mourned by all who knew her, by 
all who felt her bright influence, and her short exist- 
ence ended leaves the memorial, 'A world made better 
by her life.' " 

Among the many letters of sympathy received by 
her family, one fully describes the loving intimacy 
between mother and daughter in the poem : 

A MESSAGE FEOM PARADISE. 

"What mean you by this trying 

To break my very heart? 
We both are in Christ's keeping 1 , 

And therefore cannot part. 

"You there, I here, though severed, 

We still in heart are one, 
I, only just in sunshine, 

The shadows scarcely gone. 

"What if the clouds surround you? 

You can the brighter see — 
'Tis only just a little way 

That leads from you to me. 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRIXG. 303 

"I was so very weary, 

Surely you could not mourn — ■ 
That I, a little sooner, 

Should lay my burden down. 

"Then weep not, weep not, darling, 

God wipes away all tears, 
'Tis only for a little while, 

Though you may call it years." 

On Second month, 6th, the twenty-second annual 
convention of Montgomery county farmers met at the 
Lyceum. Visitors were present from Howard, Fred- 
erick and Prince George counties. Several profes- 
sors attended from the Maryland Agricultural Col- 
lege, and Director Robert H. Miller and s others from 
the State Experiment Station. After the routine busi- 
ness was disposed of, reports of committees were in 
order. Robert H. Miller read a valuable paper on 
"Potato Culture," describing many interesting experi- 
ments made in planting and cultivating that important 
tuber. Public road legislation was discussed, and the 
various club reports read. Owing to the drought none 
of the crops had been quite up to the usual standard, 
and the potato crop almost a failure. Wheat had never 
been as low before, and it was presumed by some that 
when the great political party now in power had 
promised it should sell for a dollar, they had meant 
two bushels instead of one, for that amount. The 
average yield of the different products were as 
follows : wheat, twenty-two bushels per acre ; corn, 
eight barrels per acre ; oats, thirty-five bushels pel 
acre; potatoes, sixty-seven bushels per acre; hay, one 
and one-quarter tons per acre. 



304 ANNALS OF SANDY 

The dairy interest had assumed such proportions 
that we learn skim-milk no longer masquerades as 
cream at the national capital, but is disposed of in 
quantities en its own merit. A large number of cal 
and hogs had been sold, many of the latter assumi 
the guise of lard, sausage and scrapple. Hundreds of 
chickens had gone the way of all fowls, and count 
eggs had been safely transported, and let us h 
were as satisfactorily ticketed as those several I 
historian once saw r in the Boston market, which bore 
respectively the legends: "Fresh eggs, twenty cents 
per doz; good eggs, fifteen cents per doz.; eggs, five 
cents per doz.'' 

Dr. Francis Thomas opened a discussion 01 
question: "In view of the depressed condition 
agriculture, can we find any more profitable way c! 
farming?" 

ard P. Thomas followed with an interesting 
paper on this subject. Allan Farquhar, Philip 
Stabler, William E. Mannakee, Tarlton B. Stal 
and others took part. After an animated exch 
of views the convention adjourned. B. D. Pal 
had presided, and J. J. Shoemaker and Mortimei 
Stabler acte ' :retaries. 

Your historian has gathered a few items from the 
minutes of the senior club of 1844, the only one then 
existing in our neighborhood, as showing the di 
ence in the productiveness of practically the same 
land a half a century ago and now. It is an interest- 
ing and encouraging comparison to note the large in- 
crease in favor of 1894. The senior club of 1844, 
whose members were George E. Brooke, Richard T. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 305 

Bentley, Samuel Elicott, William H. Farquhar, Ben- 
jamin Hallowell, Mahlon Kirk, Edward Lea, Robert 
R. Moore, Jos. Pierce, Caleb Stabler, Henry Stabler 
and William John Thomas, reported that they raised 
per acre, ten bushels of wheat ; eighteen bushels of 
oats ; nine bushels of buckwheat ; three-quarters of a 
ton of hay ; sixty-eight bushels of potatoes. 

The only article that seems to approach the pres- 
ent is the potato, and the entire club planted but 
twelve and one-half acres at that date. 

It is a matter of regret that the prices obtained at 
that time for farm products are not stated ; and it 
would perhaps be well for the present clubs to note 
the yearly value, so their great-grandchildren might 
have the benefit of such statistics. 

The following memorial of Edith D. Bentley was 
prepared by one who, though not in any way related, 
,had always called her by the endearing name of 
mother: 

"At the home of her brother, Edward M. Needles, 
1 501 Green street, Philadelphia, on the morning of 
Second month, 8th, 1894, Edith D. Bentley, widow 
of the late Richard T. Bentley. entered into rest in 
her seventy-seventh year. Her remains were brought 
to her home, Bloomfield, Sandy Spring, and from 
there interred on first day afternoon, the nth inst., in 
the Friends' burial-ground. On this occasion an im- 
mense concourse of sorrowing relatives and friends 
were drawn hither by respect and affection never sur- 
passed. While the grief of eight sons and daughters, 
all having reached maturity, testified to a loss, which 
to them must ever remain irreparable. 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

"The twenty-five grandchildren must feel that theirs 
is the privilege to prove in the coming years that the 
mantle of a good, true ancestress falls upon worthy 
shoulders. A clear, wintry sun shone into this open 
grave,, and after kind mother earth had hidden away 
from sight the loved form, living boughs were spread 
over the dreary mound, and among this green canopy, 
pure, white lilies were placed by loving- granddaugh- 
ters as harbingers of the resurrection, and her safe 
entrance into that heaven where all is well. 

The close of a noble life is so filled with food for 
reflection to those whose stream of destiny com- 
mingled with the lost one that to sit in shadow and 
look through the dark valley for a time seems the 
only occupation. The heart rebels at even the sug- 
gestion of hope, and the bright beyond, so sweetly 
offered by tender sympathy, and the kind word of 
comfort all seem a forgetting, we turn away from them 
with a shamed feeling of treachery. That 'thy sun 
has gone down' is the sad refrain that 'thy course is 
finished ;' 'the familiar ways shall know thee no 
more' is the cheerless chant, the lengthening shad- 
ows pour around us ; and far into the weary night 
the desolate heart sees only the grave and the sting 
of death. 

"How in vain would have been life's daily round 
through the circling years of joy and sorrow to her 
should feelings such as these linger without balm in 
the hearts of the children of Edith D. Bentley ! God's 
finger touched their tear-stained eyes, and a flood of 
blissful recollection flashed with healing power be- 
fore them. The young mother, guarding the first 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 307 

steps of eager, restless, childhood, youth blessed by 
her smile of praise, and guided by her loving help. 
Manhood and childhood watched over by the stately 
grace of her maturity, and when she had climbed to 
serene old age, with all the garnered triumphs of a 
conscientious soul, pursuing the right path, she pass- 
ed into the open doorway of a world full of infinite 
possibilities and of vastly deeper meanings than mere 
repose. Her life had been embellished by gracious 
deeds of charity to all and of speaking no ill of any 
creature made in the likeness of the universal father; 
of stooping in loving pity to the lowly, and of rising 
by the might of clear perception and rare intelligence 
to the level of the highest, and she had so used the 
sweet benefits of time as to clothe her age with angel- 
like perfection. 

"Coming to Bloomfield, the ancestral home of her 
young husband, more than half a century ago, she 
brought to that sylvan nook, nestling amongst the 
trees, the active interests taught by the training of a 
busy city. The beautiful passing of her youth, the 
pure uprising of thought and power, as experience 
daily opened to her the way of truth and admonished 
her not to limit her horizon of usefulness to where 
her shadow fell. 

"This is portrayed in a most precious collection of 
diaries kept by her from the first flush of maiden- 
hood through the years of her married life, full of the 
cares and anxieties, joys and sorrows inseparable from 
her position as the mistress of a congenial home, and 
the mother of a large family. One realizes after their 
perusal how to her 



308 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

" "The honor of a home became its hospitality, 

The blessing- of a home became its piety. 

The ornament of a home became its cleanliness.' 

"Full of the important issues of the present day it 
seemed her mission to help 

■• 'Every right that needed assistance. 
Every wrong that needed resistance.' 

and all associations formed for higher advancement, 
every frail tendril of endeavor put forth to lift 'better 
up to best' found in her a devoted advocate and all 
assemblies for their interchange of thought were made 
wiser by her presence. 

"Not abridging her womanliness she devotedly kept 
guard in those towers of expectancy when an eager 
sisterhood looks over the plains and sees the day-star 
of a fuller and purer life opening for them. 

"The business meetings of her own beloved sect af- 
forded her scope for the right word fitly spoken, and 
her clear judgment, frequently appealed to, always to 
the edification of those in council. Her attendance at 
these weekly gatherings was not dependent on the 
state of the weather, for be it fair or darkening she 
rarely missed the chance for faithful meditation, im- 
bibing truths to correct and enlarge the heart should 
words be spoken, or if the silent hour prevailed close 
to the Father she pressed her human needs in silent 
prayer. The charm which clung to her even until the 
very last was the power to project herself into the in- 
terests of all those who came near to her. Her dark 
eyes would glow and scintillate joyfully when mirth- 
ful conversation filled the passing hour; would melt 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 309 

with sadness at a tale of woe, and beam with radiance 
when any persuasive love-chord was touched, and 
never can one forget the cordial greeting to the hos- 
pitable home, and the 'farewell' lingering like a bene- 
diction in the ears of the departing guest. 

"Sprung from a people who had views and main- 
tained them, her father, John Needles, of Baltimore, 
lived to a green old age, his years filled with acts of 
true heroism in upholding opinions adverse to his 
surroundings. With a gentle insistance this noble 
daughter lived his creed, and engrafted on her devoted 
unselfish life that deep mysterious bond of trust and 
helpfulness, unconsciously widening and deepening 
and strengthening as time filled her arms with the 
blessed bonds of love and unity until her whole char- 
acter was rounded by the lovely traits of purity, hon- 
esty, sobriety and command of temper. 

"Thus were all the mile-stones of life passed and 
gained an added grace at every step. The vital spark 
stole painlessly away with but little warning, and the 
glorified spirit crossed the bar into that heaven of 
bliss her perfect faith had trustfully and confidently 
felt must reward all who do the best they know, day 
by day, and who live in close communion with the 
'inner light.' " D. E. V. 

I. Stanley Brown, of Washington, delivered at the 
Lyceum an instructive illustrated lecture upon the 
seal fisheries of Alaska, on the evening of Second 
month, 14th. 

Second month, 22nd, a beautiful fall of snow cov- 
ered the earth and the farmers who had gathered 



310 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

scarcely any ice at all were busily engaged scraping 
up the snow and packing it away. 

On Second month, 19th, Guion, only son of Guion 
and Annie Tyler Miller, died, and on the 26th Mar- 
garet, aged four, only daughter of these already be- 
reaved parents, passed away to join the baby brother 
to whom she had been singularly attached for so 
young a child. 

Friends and neighbors were truly sympathetic in 
this great sorrow which had fallen so suddenly on a 
happy home, one week full of childish prattle and en - 
dearments and beautiful possibilities in the unfolding 
lives, and the next with memories instead of hopes, 
filling these empty rooms. As has been already said 
in this case, 

"No one who has not known w T hat it is to have 
these dear little human tendrils entwine themselves 
about his heart can appreciate the agony of having 
them torn away forever, and still no one but a loving 
father or mother can feel that blessed peace that 
comes after the agony, when it is remembered that 
the loved ones are in the best of all homes and with 
the best of all fathers.*' 

Second month, 26th. There was a sale of farming 
implements and household effects at Thomas J. Lea's, 
preparatory to his moving to Baltimore county to take 
charge of the farm of I. M. Parr. That same evening 
at the Lyceum a little play, called ''The Spirit of '76,^ 
was most agreeably rendered. 

Second month, 28th. Sarah H., daughter of Cath- 
erine and the late Samuel Janney, was married by 
Episcopal service at her home, "Riverton," to Ernest 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 311 

Adams, of Howard county. The young couple have 
taken up their residence near Clarksville. 

Dr. W. French Green, who has been for nine years 
pleasantly associated with Dr. William E. Magruder, 
and with our neighborhood, moved to Brookeville, 
and opened an office there. Although that village is 
rather outside the limits of our historical "preserves" 
this record is sometimes conveniently elastic, and pro- 
poses still to chronicle any item of interest he may 
furnish. 

While the past year has been almost unprecedented 
in financial disaster, in depreciation of values, and in 
vast numbers of workmen out of employment, it is 
worthy of note that this monetary stringency has not 
overwhelmed our section as it has many others in our 
fair land, as shown in the encouraging report sub- 
mitted Third month, 8th, to the board of directors of 
the Sandy Spring Savings Institution, by Joseph T. 
Moore, treasurer. This useful institution was found to 
be in excellent condition. On the other hand the fire 
insurance company had never had such extensive and 
wide-spread losses, far exceeding income. Every pos- 
sible mode of catching fire and burning up seems to 
prevail, from spontaneous combustion to lightning. 

The senior and enterprise clubs both met Third 
month, 17th, at the homes of new members, the 
former at Charley Forest, now owned by Francis 
Downey, and the latter with William Canby, of 
Colesville. 

March gave us a genuine surprise in three weeks 
of clear, balmy weather. The mercury ranged as high 
as eighty degrees, the fields grew green as if a magic 



312 ANNALS OF SAISDY SPKINa. 

wand had swept over them ; peach and plum trees 
lowered, the myriad arms of the willow waved ver- 
dantly in the warm sunshine, and too hasty people 
planted their gardens. This enchanting time was 
quickly followed by icy days and nights, and when 
the bitter cold had passed, blackened leaves, shriveled 
fruit buds, and frozen rows of ambitious vegetables 
were presented to view. 

On the evening of Third month, 30th, a magnifi- 
cent aurora spread over the northern heavens, flash- 
ing and vibrating in an unusual manner (like celestial 
search-lights) its colored curtains far into the night. 

About this date a telephone connected Plainfield 
and Amersley, and another Homewood and Brighton. 

Dr. Charles E. Duck, of Baltimore, rented Thomas 
J Lea's place, and Mrs. Sallie Ellicott and daughter, 
Oakleigh, from John C. Bentley. Edward N. Bentley 
having purchased Bloomfield, moved his family into 
the old "homestead," which in all its century of exist- 
ence had only been closed a few weeks. 

April came in as blustering as March should have 
been, and seemed to weep more copiously than usual 
over this almost unprecedented interchange of months. 

Fourth month, 9th, 10th and nth a fierce storm of 
rain, sleet and snow of unusual length and severity 
seemed to thrust us backward into the very depths of 
winter, and it was remarked that several farmers 
around Ednor finished planting their whole crop of 
potatoes on the 7th, and four days later filled their 
ice-houses with snow. 

Our friend, Edward Farquhar, has continued his 
bimonthly talks at "The Cedars," on interesting 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPUING. 313 

topics, made most instructive and delightful by his 
perfect knowledge of his theme ; nor can we forbear 
mention of his more spirtual discourses that have 
sown good seed in the meeting, and have given to 
many the desire for helpful self-examination and food 
for thought, that the silent hour might lack for them. 
Phrenaskeia, the one distinctly literary society of the 
neighborhood, has met regularly with profit and 
pleasure through the past months. 

At different times through the year there has been 
much excitement along our highways and byways on 
the subject of mad dogs, and not without good rea- 
son, as one rabid animal bit many of his fellows, and 
numerous dogs were killed on this account, some 
showing signs of the horrible rabies and others be- 
fore it developed. A cow and a horse also died with 
all the symptoms, and on the night of the 17th, Risen 
Perry, a respectable colored man living near Coles- 
ville, who had had an encounter with a mad dog some 
six weeks ago, died of hydrophobia. The case was 
watched with much interest by most of the medical 
fraternity of this section, whose skill palliated the hor- 
rors of this dread disease, but could not save the life 
of the victim. 

The Rev. J. S. Kieffer, of Hagerstown, always re- 
ceives a warm welcome at the Lyceum, and his lec- 
ture upon "Optimism and Pessimism," delivered on 
Fourth month, 17th, was fully up to the high stand- 
ard of his former efforts to instruct and amuse his 
Montgomery audiences. He defined pessimism as an 
unhappy faculty of always seeing the 'worst in the 
present,' .especially as compared with a past, mythi- 



3] 4 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

cal, golden age, and he characterized it as something 
generally born of mental, moral or physical weakness 
in its victims. 

The whole course was replete with wit and wis- 
dom, and perhaps the sum and substance of the prac- 
tical Christianity taught by Mr. Kieffer was express- 
ed in the following verse of YYhittier, quoted by the 
speaker near the conclusion of his most beautiful and 
scholarly address : 

"I know not where His islands lift 
Their frond eel palms in air. 
I only know I cannot drift 
Beyond His love and care." 

A decade has passed since it became my misfor- 
tune to offer these chronicles for your consideration, 
and it seems fitting in conclusion to review these 
circling years, each one crowded with events, be they 
great or small, and each with its characteristic tone 
and coloring. Even in the comparatively short per- 
iod since 1883 there have been very many changes. 
Forty-four marriages, sixty-two births and ninety 
deaths have occurred in our midst; numerous persons 
have moved away, and are scattered in distant states, 
and we have had but few accessions through immi- 
gration. 

Xew homes have been established and old ones 
broken up. The young, those in the prime of life, and 
especially the old, have been borne reverently to their 
last resting-place. Reflecting on the "good, the true, 
the beautiful," who have left us, we feel that Sandy 
Spring is not the same place it was ten years ago. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 315- 

The experiences, the virtues, of those who have 
passed on, are not ours by inheritance ; we must live 
our lives, even as they lived theirs ; and our responsi- 
bilities are all the greater from the moral and intel- 
lectual excellence they possessed, and which we can 
only hope to emulate. 

Their standard was high, but they have paved the 
way for ours to be still higher. "New occasions bring 
new duties," for every day has its work for us to do ; 
with ordinary people these duties are not great, daz- 
zling deeds. One's life can be noble and full of 
beauty without even stepping outside the home circle 
and the prosaic rounds of every-day events. 

Many of these whose passing away changed the 
whole world to some of us were not known, perhaps, 
outside the narrow bounds of our community. Their 
existence was made up of little sacrifices, little acts of 
charity, little burdens borne for a weary brother, and 
little crosses patiently carried for love of all their 
fellow creatures. 

Can any of us keep their memory green in bettei- 
or more perfect way than by striving to live up to the 
very highest of their aspirations ? 



316 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 



CHAPTER XII. 

From Fourth Month, 1894, to Fourth Month, 1895. 

Telephone company organized — Invasion of Coxey's army 
— Damage and suffering from snow-storm — Mrs. 
George Kennan lectured on her Eussian experiences 
— Doctors' Club formed — Obituaries of Joseph YVeth- 
erald. Elizabeth Gilpin, Stephen L. F. Holland, William 
M. Thompson and Gideon Gilpin. 

The annual meeting of the Lyceum Company was 
held on the evening of Fourth month, 19th, 1894. In 
place of the slow method of an election, by unanimous 
consent, the same officers were continued for the 
ensuing year. Owing to indisposition the historian 
was unable to appear, and the history was read very 
satisfactorily by Elizabeth T. Stabler to an apprecia- 
tive audience. The subject of a telephone line through 
the neighborhood was broached at this meeting, and 
a committee of the following gentlemen appointed to 
take the matter into consideration: Robert H. Mil- 
ler, Asa M. Stabler, Alban G. Thomas, Edward R. 
Stabler, Dr. Roger Brooke, Charles E. Bond and 
Henry H. Miller. This committee held its first meet- 
ing. Fourth month, 27th, and the company was or- 
ganized by the stockholders on Fifth month, 17th, 
with the following board of directors, viz. Robert H. 
Miller, Asa M. Stabler, Alban G. Thomas. Edward R. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 317 

Stabler, Dr. Roger Brooke, H. H. Miller and Dr. W. 
French Green. 

The directors organized with the following officers : 
Asa M. Stabler, president; A. G. Thomas, treasurer; 
H. H. Miller, secretary ; Dr. Brooke and Robert H . 
Miller, executive committee. On resignation of the 
latter Charles F. Brooke was elected to the vacancy. 

About this time Amos Holland sold his neat, well- 
cultivated farm to Mr. Cole, of Mansfield, Ohio. This, 
however, did not necessitate the removal of Mr. and 
Mrs. Holland, as they continued to board with the 
present owner, while relieved from the cares of farm- 
ing and housekeeping. 

A movement of unemployed workmen, cranks and 
tramps, from various western and northern states, had 
been steadily setting towards Washington for some 
weeks, inaugurated and controlled by a man named 
Coxey, from Ohio, who contended he would lead a 
half million men to Washington and compel Congress 
to give them work. Several bands convened at Rock- 
ville on Fourth month, 28th, and a party of over fifty 
that had walked from Philadelphia and Baltimore 
camped at Ashton on the afternoon and night of the 
26th. Widely heralded by the ubiquitous newspaper 
the continual mention and exaggerated accounts of 
these advancing armies caused great apprehension 
along their routes of travel ; fears, happily, destined 
not to be realized, as it was with a comparatively small 
force of a few hundred men that Coxey finally enter- 
ed the national capital, where a disregard of law and 
order soon relegated this self-constituted general and 
his lieutenants to the city jail for a season of seclusion 



318 AXXALS OF SANDY SPKIXG. 

and reflection. Their deluded followers, less fortu- 
nate in accommodations, after much suffering and 
hunger, finally dispersed in small parties, and we had 
the pleasure of feeding many of them on their home- 
ward way, sadder, if not wiser, than when they started 
out. 

From Fourth month, 28th, to Fifth month, 2nd, 
the mercury rose each day to eighty-five degrees. 
Orchards burst into full bloom, and in this too ardent 
heat all nature responded with unfolding bud and leaf. 
Please prepare your minds for many notes in this 
history regarding the state of the thermometer, and 
for a full assortment of weather throughout the year. 
While far from a perfect record I took many observa- 
tions of the temperature, as well as of days both clear- 
and cloudy. Ruskin says there is no such thing as 
bad weather, only different kinds of good weather; 
and Sir John Lubbock, in his admirable book on "The 
Use of Life," says : "We often hear of bad weather, 
but in reality no weather is bad. It is all delightful, 
though in different ways ; some weather may be un- 
seasonable for farmers and for crops, but for men all 
kinds are good. Sunshine is delicious, rain is refresh- 
ing, wind braces us up, snow is exhilarating." 

I have always been thankful for the wise training 
in youth that forbade any complaint of the weather in 
the theory that all kinds were proper, and what could 
not be cured must be endured cheerfully. 

Fifth month, 12th. Thirty-three Sherwood students 
spent a delightful day in Washington, through the 
kindness of Mr. Harry Spofford. He led these eager 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 319 

toys and girls from one scene of interest to another, 
and then presented them to President Cleveland. 

Ten members of the Montgomery club, on invita- 
tion of director Robert H. Miller, visited the Mary- 
land Agricultural Experiment Station, and inspected 
the various departments. They expressed themselves 
as much pleased with the intelligent and practical 
management of the station, and agreed as to the value 
of such institutions for farmers. 

Fifth month, 15th. Robert R. and Hadassah J. 
Moore passed the sixtieth anniversary of their mar- 
riage. There was no formal celebration of this un- 
usual event, but many friends called to see the vener- 
able couple, and to inscribe their names on the back 
of the original certificate, which contained but two 
signatures of living persons besides the contracting 
parties, out of over a hundred witnesses who had been 
present at the wedding, Fifth month, 15th, 1834. 

Despite the intense heat of the first few days the 
Fifth month was generally rainy and cold, and on the 
28th there was frost, followed by chilly days and 
nights. The closing exercises of Sherwood Academy 
on Sixth month, 8th, were made more interesting by 
an assembly of parents and guardians, who were 
much gratified with the proceedings. The essays, 
recitations and songs were creditable, and Caroline H. 
Miller made a pleasant little address. On the after- 
noon of the same day all the former pupils of Sher- 
wood, were invited to a basket picnic by the princi- 
pals, Belle W. Hannum and Elizabeth P. M. Thorn. 

This reunion was greatly enjoyed, and these gath- 
erings may become a permanent feature. 



320 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Quarterly meeting, which was held on the Xinth 
month, ioth and nth, was attended by John J. Cor- 
nell, William Way, Martha Townsend and other 
ministers. 

Sixth month, 15th. Gen. Gordon delivered his lec- 
ture, 'The Last Days of the Confederacy," to a large 
audience at the Lyceum. This was a most interesting 
and impartial recital of war times from one who, 
though fighting in the gray, could yet appreciate and 
honor his foe who wore the blue. 

Sixth month, 23rd, the mercury rose to ninety- 
eight degrees in the shade, and farmers were cutting 
their fine wheat in the fierce glare of unclouded skies. 

Sixth month, 23rd, Margaret, daughter of Charles 
F. and Corrie Miller Brooke, was born. 

Xot a drop of rain fell in the Sixth month, which 
was one of excessive heat. There were but few days 
when the thermometer did not register ninety degrees 
and above. Gardens were parched, nothing matured, 
the entire product of the first planting of corn was 
brought to the table in one dish. City visitors threat- 
ened to return to their markets for fresh country vege- 
tables, and the despairing housekeeper very nearly 
reduced to Charles Lamb's meal — a piece of cheese, 
and a pot of mustard — felt like accompanying them. 

Seventh month, 2nd, there was a welcome shower, 
the first for nearly forty days. 

Seventh month, 4th. Admiral Jouett and Mrs. 
Harry Page, of ''The Anchorage," celebrated the na- 
tional holiday by a fine display of fireworks and the 
raising of an American flag on a tall pole. Would it 
not be well for more of us to throw this beautiful em- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 321 

blem of our country to the breeze ? It is seldom seen 
in country places, and a universal observance of flag 
day, Sixth month, 14th, would be an excellent thing. 

Seventh month, 16th. A fine shower saved our 
gardens from utter collapse, but the heat continued 
well up into the nineties. 

Seventh month, 18th, Robert Parker, son of Sam- 
uel and Florence Wetherald, was born. 

Seventh month, 28th, mercury eighty-eight degrees 
at seven a. m., and eighty-nine degrees at eight p. 
m., and on the 29th it reached one hundred decrees in 
the shade, with a general humidity most trying to 
bear. On that afternoon a storm arose, and in one 
hour there was a welcome change of twenty-four de- 
grees. 

Seventy-five volumes were donated to form the nu- 
cleus for a free library at the Ashton Methodist 
Church, and Mrs. Harris took charge of it. 

Most of the physicians within seven miles of Sandy 
Spring formed what they term a "doctors' club," 
which will meet quarterly to tea at the homes of the 
members, Doctors William E. Magruder, W. French 
Green, Roger Brooke, C. E. Iddings, Augustus Stab- 
ler and Dr. Cecil, of Howard county. 

The central office of the telephone company was 
located at Roadside, the home of Mrs. Sophia Robin- 
son, and the first message was sent July 26th, from 
Dr. Brooke's to the central office. Branch offices will 
be established at Brookeville, Olney, Spencerville, 
Oak Dale, Brighton, Sandy Spring, Ashton and Ed- 
nor, and many of our people were now talking over 



322 ANNALS OF SANDY SPFJXG. 

the magic wire on business or making friendly calls 
by electricity. 

About two hundred guests were delightfully enter- 
tained at Rockland, on the evening of the 28th, by a 
series of tableaux from Gibson's sketches in "Life," 
and by vocal and instrumental music. Baseball games 
in which the neighborhood nine experienced the ra- 
ther unusual sensation of defeat, were played at Sandy 
Spring and at Highland. Swimming parties to the 
Patuxent were now in order, sometimes thirty or forty 
going together to take a refreshing dip in the cooling 
waters. Children's afternoon teas also prevailed, and 
boarders and visitors increased day by day. 

Eighth month, 12th, Richard Hallet, son of Tarle- 
ton B. and Rebecca T. Stabler, was born. 

Eighth month, 15th, at Fairfield, near Brighton, 
the residence of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ed- 
ward Pierce, their daughter, Fanny, was married by 
Episcopal ceremony to William A. Iddings, of Sandy 
Spring. The young couple went to Loudon county, 
Virginia, to reside. 

A delegation of our Friends attended the confer- 
ence at Chappaqua, New York, where nearly two 
thousand persons had assembled to discuss the phil- 
anthropic issues of the day, and to confer upon topics 
for the good of the society of Friends. 

The family of E. L. Palmer, of Baltimore, returned 
to their pleasant home, Meadow Brooke, for a few 
months' stay. 

A dance was given at Olney grange hall on the 
evening of the 17th by the gentlemen of the neighbor- 
hood to their home friends as well as to the numer- 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPEING. 323 

ous summer girls now in our midst. It sems as if in 
justice to our own maidens the "summer young man" 
might be a more frequent apparition. 

There was a very large gathering at "The Cedars" 
on the afternoon of the 22nd to witness a baseball 
game between Highland and our own team, resulting 
in the defeat of the former. These outdoor sports, even 
if they do not always lead on to victory for us, are 
conducive to much pleasant intercourse between 
friends and neighbors far and near. 

The completion of a convenient barn on Dr. 
Charles Farquhar's farm, was celebrated in local fash- 
ion by a dance on the new floor. 

Eighth month, 16th. The juvenile templars of Ol- 
ney enjoyed a supper on the lawn at Falling Green, 
the home of their superintendent, Edith Brooke. This 
flourishing young temperance organization has the 
name of every pupil of Olney public school upon its 
roll. 

Despite the heat and all-pervading dust great 
crowds attended Rockville fair on the 5th, 6th and 7th 
of Ninth month. Many premiums were awarded to 
our exhibitors in nearly every department. 

Ninth month, 8th, Elizabeth Poe, daughter of Clar- 
ence and Rose Stabler Gilpin, was born. 

After a long and painful illness, on Tenth month, 
4th, Joseph Wetherald died in his seventy-fifth year, 
leaving an aged sister to mourn his loss. He was a 
son of the celebrated Quaker preacher, Thomas 
Wetherald, and had lived nearly all his life in the 
house where he passed away. His remains were in- 
terred at the meeting-house ground, on the 6th inst. 



324 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry W. Davis moved to Mirival, 
the pleasant home they had rented for six months 
from Dr. F. W. Elbrey, the latter going to Washing- 
ton for that length of time. 

Tenth month, 9th. Jessie Brooke, daughter of 
James P. and Alice B. Stabler, and Frederick McRey- 
nolds, of Washington, were married by Episcopal 
ceremony. 

Only the immediate relations were present at this 
morning wedding, and, following an English cus- 
tom, the bride and groom went to a friend's cottage 
at Ocean City, placed at their disposal, before estab- 
lishing themselves in their Washington home. 

Tenth month, 14th, our esteemed neighbor, Stephen 
L. F. Holland, died in his seventy-second year. He 
was unmarried, and in his long illness was devotedly 
nursed by his single brother and sister in the pleas- 
ant, comfortable home he shared with them. His 
upright and honorable life had been spent in close 
attention to his various occupations, and he had been 
a helpful friend to those around him. 

His funeral, on the afternoon of the 16th, was large, 
and he was interred in the meeting-house ground. 

Tenth month, 15th, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
L. and Josephine Gilpin, was born, and only lived 
until the 18th, a little child of William Oldfield's dying 
on the same date in the village. 

A competitive examination of hackney colts was 
held at Brooke Grove, on Tenth month, 18th. The 
attendance was large, and after a thorough inspection 
of the twenty young animals on exhibition, prizes 
were awarded to their owners as follows : First 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 325 

prize, $30.00, to John Thomas, of Clifton; second, 
$20.00, to Robert Mackall, of Olney; third, $10.00, to 
Dr. Augustus Stabler, of Brighton. John Thomas 
sold his colt, aged six months, for $100.00 to Mr. 
Clark, of New York, under whose auspices the show 
was held. 

Edward N. Bentley secured a position with Hough- 
ton & Co., of Washington, for the Christmas trade. 
Dr. Charles Farquhar, after a sale of farming effects, 
removed with his wife to Washington. 

Owing to illness in the neighborhood fewer 
Friends than usual attended Baltimore Yearly Meet- 
ing, which occurred the last of the Tenth month. 

"The melancholy days are come, 

The saddest of the 3-ear, 
Of wailing- winds and naked woods, 

And meadows brown and sere, 
Heaped in the hollows of the grove, 

The autumn leaves lie dead, 
They rustle to the eddying gust, 

^nd to the rabbit's tread; 
And then I think of one who in her 

Youthful beauty died, 
The fair, meek blossom that grew up 

And faded by my side. 
In the cold, moist earth we laid her 

When the forest cast the leaf, 
And we wept that one so lovely 

Should have a life so brief; 
Yet, not unmeet it was that one 

Like that young friends of ours, 
So gentle and so beautiful 

Should perish with the flowers." 



326 -ANNALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 

These familiar lines instinctively arose in the mind 
on the afternoon of Eleventh month, 7th, when all 
that was mortal of Pattie T., youngest daughter of 
Benj. H. and Sarah T. Miller, was borne into the 
meeting-house in the midst of a very large and sor- 
rowful assembly of relatives and friends, many of 
whom offered the tender tribute of consoling words 
to the bereaved family for the crushing loss they had 
sustained. 

Youth is so full of joy in the present, of hope for 
the future, it was almost impossible to believe that 
disease could come with stealthy tread and bear away 
this fair maiden on the very threshold of the fulfilment 
of life's crowning happiness. 

Who does not recall as I speak that unclouded 
brow and lovely face, which was but the mirror of a 
chaste and beautiful spirit within. In the month she 
was to have been married ; ere the day arrived she was 
stricken down and gradually faded away until Elev- 
enth month, 5th, when death released her from her 
long suffering. Nothing that affection and medical 
skill could devise was left undone to arrest the fatal 
malady. Change of treatment, of scene, of nurses, 
all was in vain, and for many months the whole com- 
munity seemed to stand in watchful anxiety and sym- 
pathy around that sick-bed. The value of existence 
cannot always be measured by years, but far better in 
the helpful word and deed and fragrant memory one 
leaves along life's pathway, be it ever so brief. 

Pattie T. Miller, in the twenty-four years she had 
moved among us, had impressed herself on young 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 327 

and old with a personality and sweet influence as rare 
as it was lasting. 

She was president of the Ashton Band of Hope, 
and attended a meeting of that society Sixth month, 
3rd, almost the last time she was permitted to mingle 
with the world. 

She was the leading spirit in establishing "Phrenas- 
keia," the senior class of Sherwood, meeting at Mt. 
Airy in the autumn of 1888, at her solicitation, to or- 
ganize this literary society, of which she was once 
president and twice vice-president. Entering with 
earnest simplicity and helpfulness into all the chari- 
table and progressive interests of the neighborhood 
and the business of the meeting, her daily life in its 
purity and consistency, was an example to follow. 

Those who were nearest and dearest to her on 
earth, must go with her into the great unknown, com- 
forted by the thought, 

"There is no death! What seems so is transition, 

This life of mortal breath 

Is but a suburb of the life elysian, 

Whose portal we call death. 

"She is not dead, the child of our affection, 
But gone into that school, 

Where she no longer needs our poor protection, 
And Christ himself doth rule. 

"In that great boundless stillness and seclusion, 
By guardian angels led, 

Safe from temptation, safe from sin polution, 
She lives, whom we call dead. 



328 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

"Day after day we think what she is doing, 
In those bright realms of air. 
Year after year, her tender steps pursuing. 
Behold her, grown more fair! 

•"Thus do we walk with her and keep unbroken 
The bond which nature gives, 

Thinking that our remembrance, though unspoken, 
May reach her where she lives." 

* * ****** 

In this month Chester M. Colt and family removed 
from Ashton to Washing-ton to live. 

Through all the long hot summer, and into the au- 
tumn, many springs and wells had failed, and but few 
rains had refreshed the thirsty earth, but now the 
much-needed downpour came, and the streams began 
to fill again. 

Eleventh month, 12th, Thomas and Beulah T. Lea 
passed the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding-day. 
A number of friends called on them to offer congratu- 
lations, and letters and gifts from distant children and 
grandchildren made this a memorable* occasion for 
them. 

Several killing frosts and fine clear weather were 
especially enjoyed by native as well as visiting sports- 
men, who returned from their long tramps laden with 
many rabbits arid a goodly number of partridges. 
Seme of these Ximrods professed to be hunting for 
our democratic friends, who since the tidal wave of 
recent elections had swept over the country, were not 
only difficult to find, but ominously silent on political 
topics. 

In reviewing the yield of farm products, now all har- 
vested, the farmer had a most gloomy outlook, and 



AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 329 

but little to encourage him. Potatoes and hay, owing" 
to the drought, were far behind the average yield; 
corn was better, but who could live on corn alone? 
The fine crop of wheat had brought phenomenally 
low prices, some of it not even fifty cents per bushel. 
Our agriculturists seem more inclined each year to 
go into the raising of poultry and small fruits as be- 
ing more profitable than the standard crops, although 
requiring more constant attention. The dairy busi- 
ness is also constantly on the increase. Edward P. 
Thomas has put in a United States separator, which 
run by steam and whirling with lightning rapidity, 
quickly separates the cream from the new milk, with- 
out waiting for it to raise, which would indeed be a 
waste of time and material in this age of headlong 
haste. 

They now handle about a ton of milk daily at Bel- 
mont dairy. At the November meeting of the board 
of directors of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 
Robert R. Moore, in his eighty-third year, first and 
only secretary and treasurer of that organization, re- 
signed the office he had filled with untiring industry 
and faithfulness for forty-seven years. 

William A. Iddings and wife returned from Virginia, 
and settled at Fairfield, where later on the former 
procured a loom and engaged in carpet weaving, a 
new occupation for Sandy Spring. 

Twelfth month, 4th. The twenty-first anniversary 
o* the establishment of Olney grange, No. 7, about one 
hundred and fifty members and ex-members of Olney, 
Brighton and Ashton met in the hall at Olney, and 
enjoyed the evening together. Henry C. Hallowell, 



330 ANNALS OF SANDf SPEING. 

Allan Farquhar and others spoke feelingly of those 
shining lights whose familiar faces were no longer 
seen in their accustomed place. Sweet music charmed 
the passing hour, and all felt that an occasional re- 
union would tend to keep bright the links of that 
chain of fraternity, brotherhood and helpfulness that 
should bind all good grangers in friendly bonds. 

At the annual meeting of the Sandy Spring Savings 
Institution, Twelfth month, 6th, Charles G. Porter 
was reelected president, and Joseph T. Moore and 
Allan Farquhar were respectively reelected treasurer 
and secretary. Alban G. Thomas was elected vice- 
president to fill the vacancy occasioned by the retire- 
ment of Robert R. Moore from that position. 

Twelfth month, 22nd, Nicholas Snowden, son of 
Helen S. and Dr. Augustus Stabler, was born. Clear, 
cold, frosty days prevailed. The Christmas weather 
was unusually fine, and students from the George 
school, and various colleges, gathered about the fire- 
side, and brought many guests to partake of home 
cheer. We are never without the stranger within 
our gates, and if there is ever any relaxation from 
"company manners" in Sandy Spring it must be when 
our inhabitants go abroad, or let us rather hope our 
hospitality is of that kind which is bestowed without 
effort, and received with no sense of undue obliga- 
tion. 

Twelfth month, 27th. "The band of hope/' Vir- 
ginia M. Stabler, president, and the Ashton Sun- 
day-school, gave a very charming cantata at the Ly- 
ceum, which was well attended by an appreciative au- 
dience. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 331 

Twelfth month, 28th. "An Armenian gentleman'* 
from Mt. Lebanon, belonging to the Society of 
Friends, lectured at the Lyceum, and the next day at 
the Orthodox meeting-house. 

The first snow, which fell on the 27th, although it 
seemed a mere skim, owing to the mercury hovering 
around zero, gave us good sleighing for nearly two 
weeks. During this time ice-houses were filled to 
overflowing with the finest ice gathered for some 
years, and everyone in general, but especially the 
dairymen, rejoiced. 

Every season seems to bring one or two days that 
are accentuated in memory as the very essence of na- 
ture's most perfect work. In May, when the orchards 
are a mass of bloom, there comes a day full of exqui- 
site tender shades of bird song, of perfume, of soft, 
balmy air, and of fleecy clouds floating in a pale blue 
sky. In the heart of summer, when the bud has ex- 
panded into the glowing flower, when the grass is 
thick and high, the shade dense and green, the breeze 
blowing as if from the tropics, heavy with the excess 
and fulness of life and verdure. Again, in October, 
we awake to a morning, and breathe the invigorating 
air with joy, when mother earth is aflame with color, 
and sits in royal robes, adored by her loving subjects, 
an almost imperceptible haze softens the brilliant 
pageant, and we are intoxicated by the beauty and 
consummation of the growth of the year ; and in Janu- 
ary, through a long night, which you will all remem- 
ber, the frost king was silently toiling, and when the 
unclouded sun arose he was as a bridegroom 
to greet his snowy bride, imagination could not pic- 



332 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

ture a more characteristic winter scene; every object 
was clothed in the softest downy hoar-frost. It seemed 
to produce a singular feeling cf profound quiet, as if 
the message to all the children of men was, "Be ye 
pure and white of soul, even as I, all nature, am spot- 
less." 

First month, 5th, 1895, Lea Gilpin, son of Mr. and 
Airs. Charles G. Willson, was born. 

On the morning of First month, 7th, the board of 
directors of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of 
Montgomery County convened ; the members meet- 
ing, many times larger than ever before, was held at 
the Lyceum, and lasted from noon until nine o'clock 
p. m. The causes which led up to this meeting, the 
manner of procedure, the circumstances which sur- 
rounded it, the feeling engendered, and the results 
arising therefrom were and are of such nature, the 
historian would gladly ignore the whole subject could 
she feel herself excused for so doing, and it is with 
an earnest desire to be impartial, and with heartfelt 
charity towards all differences, that she is constrained 
by her position to make this brief mention of the 
most prominent event of the entire year. 

At a called meeting of the board of directors, First 
month, 23rd, Joseph T. Moore absolutely declining 
reelection, Edward P. Thomas was elected president, 
Allan Farquhar, secretary and treasurer, to fill the 
vacancy occasioned by the retirement of Robert R. 
Moore. Benjamin D. Palmer was elected assistant 
secretary, and resigned his directorship ; E. L. Tchaf- 
faly, of Hunting Hill, this county, was made director, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPEING. 333 

all the old board of directors, with this exception, re- 
taining office. 

Samuel Wetherald and family moved from Ashton 
into the pleasant, commodious home just completed 
by him at Sandy Spring, on the edges of the woods r 
where there is abundant shade without waiting for 
trees to grow. 

At the annual meeting of the Woman Suffrage 
Association of Maryland, held in Baltimore, First 
month, nth, Mary Bentley Thomas was reelected 
president ; Rebecca T. Miller, vice-president ; James 
P. Stabler, recording secretary, and Belle W. Han- 
num, treasurer. Mary Bentley Thomas was appointed 
delegate to the national convention to be held at At- 
lanta, Georgia. 

First month, 21st, Ulric, son of Mary J. and Ulric 
Hutton was born. 

"At midnight, First month, 25th, 1895, after long 
suffering Richard Jackson Iddings died at his home, 
Riverside, in the seventy-eighth year of his age, and 
on the 28th inst., was laid to rest in Woodside ceme- 
tery, in the spot he had himself chosen, close by the 
grave of his parents. When a boy of sixteen he left 
his home in Philadelphia to accept a situation otffered 
him in New York, and he there established the repu- 
tation that was his through life, that of serving those 
for whom he worked with untiring faithfulness. He 
held many positions of great trust in Philadelphia, 
New York and Baltimore, always leaving the same 
unblemished record of strict integrity. 

His habits of industry and application to business 
formed so early in life clung to him to the last. His 



334 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

generosity and many deeds of kindness can be known 
only to the few. He was always ready to deny him- 
self that he might be able to hold out a helping hand 
to those he felt in greater need. The latter part of 
his life was spent at Riverside, and as long as his 
health permitted he attended the meeting at Sandy 
Spring, of which he had become a member. His oft- 
quoted text of scripture, 'What doth the Lord re- 
quire of thee but to do justly, and to love mercy, and 
to walk humbly with thy God?' seemed exemplified 
in his own walk and conversation." H. P. C. 

I am indebted to a friend who was intimately ac- 
quainted with Richard Iddings for the above tribute. 

Tarleton B. Stabler purchased from R. Rowland 
Moore the farm "Amersley," on which he had been 
living for the past three years. 

William M. Thompson, an industrious, worthy 
young man, died First month, 22nd, at Ashton, after 
a long illness, and was followed to the grave in a very 
short time by his aged father Moses Thompson. 
Both were buried in Woodside cemetery. 

George L. Stabler opened a small store for general 
merchandise at his home on the Brighton road. 

Dr. Wolf, of Michigan, delivered a lecture on 
"Phrenology," to a small audience at the Lyceum. 

Air. Josiah W. Jones, of Olney, gave a dinner to 
George E. Brooke, of Brooke Grove, and Thomas and 
Edward Owens. The united ages of these venerable 
gentlemen, with their host, was three hundred and 
thirty-nine years. 

Joseph T. Moore, one of the prominent founders 
of the Savings Institution, who had held office from 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 335 

its organization, for twenty-seven years, tendered his 
resignation as director and treasurer. 

At a special meeting of the directors, held Second 
month, 5th, William W. Moore was elected vice- 
president, and Alban G. Thomas, treasurer. Allan 
Farquhar, owing to increased duties in the insurance 
company, resigned as secretary, and George F. Nes- 
bitt, jr., was elected to that position. 

Through February extremely cold weather pre- 
vailed, and for nine consecutive mornings the mercury 
either touched zero, or rose a few degrees above that 
point. On the 7th a violent snow-storm, with high- 
piercing winds, continued for many hours, followed 
by intense cold, when the thermometer registered from 
eight degrees to fourteen degrees below zero. Roads 
were blocked in all directions, and travel impeded to 
an extent never before remembered by the oldest in- 
habitant in this section. 

From the 7th to the evening of the 9th no mail from 
any quarter was received, and the first that arrived 
was brought on horseback from Laurel, through 
woods and fields, by a devious route. The efforts of 
some of our people to get the products of their dair- 
ies to Washington were almost heroic, and consumed 
many hours, over a track so circuitous and altogether 
intoxicated-looking it seemed hardly possible that an 
innocent milk-wagon could have made it. 

On the eleventh the turnpike company employed 
large gangs of men to open the highways. So tightly 
packed was the light, dry snow in these huge drifts 
it was thrown up on either side the narrow road, like 
blocks of marble, and the effect of riding through 



336 ANNAIib OF SAX 1)1 SPRING. 

these long white lanes that rose above one's head was 
most peculiar and seemed more like the Arctic regions 
than our own country. 

This severe storm, extending over a large area, es- 
pecially southward, and causing immense damage, 
suffering and personal inconvenience, will long be 
spoken of as the blizzard of 1895. 

During the bitterly cold and inclement month of 
February, three homes, Leawood, Pen-y-Bryn and 
Mt Airy, caught fire, and were only saved from de- 
struction by prompt and energetic measures. 

The twenty-third annual farmers' convention was 
held at the Lyceum on Second month, 19th, Edward 
P. Thomas presiding, and J. Janney Shoemaker and 
M. O. Stabler, secretaries. Farmers w r ere present 
from Howard, Harford and Prince George counties, 
and took an active part in the discussions. In addi- 
tion to the reports of committees and clubs, four sub- 
jects were assigned for consideration, namely : 

"Would an electric railroad from Kensington to 
Ellicott City benefit the community and enhance the 
value of farm lands enough to justify farmers to sub- 
scribe to stock?" 

2. "To what extent will the exclusion of American 
beef and pork from many of the European markets, 
affect the price of these articles in the near future?" 

3. "Will it pay to produce crimson clover and 
legumes into our regular rotation?" 

W r illiam E. Mannakee, chairman of the committee 
on public road legislation, submitted a report on the 
present method of repairing roads in Montgomery 
county. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 337 

C. E. Bond, of the same committee, read a paper 
on public roads, which attracted attention, as well 
for the clear and forcible manner in which he express- 
ed himself as for the knowledge which he disclosed of 
his subject. 

The. question of the advantages of an electric road 
through Montgomery county was referred to a com- 
mittee. The consensus of opinion was that the pro- 
posed road would be of inestimable value by opening 
the markets of Baltimore and Washington to our 
farmers. 

Dr. Augustus Stabler spoke of the peculiarities of 
crimson clover, and Robert H. Miller gave the re- 
sult of experiments with the clover, showing plainly 
the increased yield in other crops, where it had been 
first grown on the land. 

The stockholders of Sherwood Friends' school, at 
their annual meeting, elected the following directors 
to serve for one year: William W. Moore, John 
Thomas, Asa M. Stabler, Alban G. Thomas, Charles 
E. Bond, Sarah E. Stabler, Mary E. Moore and Mary 
Bentley Thomas. 

Belle W. Hannum, soi long and successfully con- 
nected with the school as teacher, and then principal, 
and with the neighborhood, socially, resigned her po- 
sition to take effect in June, and at a subsequent meet- 
ing of the board in the Third month, Mary S. Hallo^ 
well was appointed principal, Sarah B. Farquhar, as- 
sistant teacher, and Nora Stabler, pupil teacher. 

Second month, 25th, Gideon Gilpin, one of our old- 
est inhabitants, and long in failing health, passed 
away, after a brief illness, aged seventy-five years. A 



338 ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

most excellent, kind-hearted man, with an innate po- 
liteness of manner that was never wanting in his in- 
tercourse with others, he had led a blameless life, and 
his familiar figure about the village, or seated on his 
porch greeting the passers-by, will be greatly missed. 
He was a constant reader, and wrote an admirable 
letter. He married Sarah Levering, of Baltimore 
county, who, with three grown daughters and two 
sons, survive him. He was buried from the meeting- 
house on the afternoon of the 27th. 

The mercury, which had seemed permanently fixed 
near the bottom of the tube, on Second month, 28th, 
climbed to sixty-five, and the snow melted rapidly 
away. Third month, 1st, it registered seventy-two 
degrees, but the next day, as if repenting of such 
genial behavior, dropped to thirty-six degrees. 

Dr. Charles Farquhar and wife returned to their 
home, near Olney, after a sojourn in Washington, 
which is fast becoming the winter residence of a num- 
ber of our inhabitants. Dr. Francis Thomas and 
family, Granville Farquhar and family, Arthur Stab- 
ler and wife, Elizabeth Tyson and Malvinia Miles, 
have all spent the winter in the beautiful capital city. 
Prof. William Taylor Thorn has been teaching there, 
and Benjamin H. Miller engaged in the life insurance 
business. 

Hannah P. and Elma Chandlee closed "Home- 
wood" in the fall, and went to Alexandria to remain 
until spring, and Warwick P. Miller and daughters 
left "Alloway" and passed the time between Brooke 
Grove and Germantown, Pennsylvania. 

The International Council of Women now in ses- 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 339 

sion in Washington, claimed the attention of some of 
our progressive citizens, who? attended many of the 
sittings. 

A Boston paper says that if St. Paul were to return 
to a mundane existence, and start on a round of 
apostolic visitations in the United States, what would 
he think of the geyser-like activity of women ?" Every 
little hamlet, every manufacturing city, every country 
town, is a ganglionic centre for all sorts of alliances, 
clubs, associations, lecture courses and every imagin- 
able means of culture, information and amusement. 
We need not go so far back as to cite the most promi- 
nent old bachelor of all times. Even one of our great- 
grandfathers in short clothes and ruffled shirt front, 
daintily stitched by the patient fingers of the Griselda 
of that day, if he could return to us would doubtless 
open wide his astonished and disapproving eyes on 
the convention-attending, business-like, female suf- 
fragist of these enlightened times. 

A recent toast given at a banquet in one of the 
states where women already vote, was, "Woman for- 
mally our superior, now our equal." The press teems 
with the woman question, and society is convulsed in 
the great cities, from the slums to the palaces, over 
its pros and cons. The fear seems to be not what 
she wants to do and can do; as well, if not better, than 
all her masculine relations, but whether in her resist- 
less, onward rush, she will leave any avocation for 
man whereby they can support themselves, while she 
looks after herself and the family. A gentleman told 
me not very long ago, almost with tears in his eyes, 
that it was much easier now for a capable young 



340 AXXALS OF SAXDY SPRIXG. 

woman to procure a situation, almost anywhere, than 
an equally capable young man, and he very nearly 
proved to me that the wide-spread depression in busi- 
ness, the terrible state of national finances, the abso- 
lute incompetency of Congress, were all owing to the 
fact that women in these degenerate days just hustled 
the lords of creation aside, and grabbed everything, 
from driving street cars and navigating ships, to hold- 
ing important municipal offices. He saw but one ray 
of light in this darkness : the number of marriages was 
steadily decreasing, and just as soon as these hustling 
creatures discovered that the men did not want to 
marry them and could not be forced to, they would 
speedily return to the good old "clinging vine" days. 
But with more nopeful and impartial spirit a writer 
in Chambers' Journal discourses on 

"THE NEW WOMAN." 

"She does not 'languish in her bower,' 

Or squander all the golden day 

In fashioning- a gaudy flower 

Upon a worsted spray; 

X'or is she quite content to wait, 

Behind her rose-wreathed lattice pane, 

Until beside her father's gate, 

The gallant prince draws rein. 

"The brave 'New Woman' scorns to sigh, 
And count it such a grievous tning, 
That year on year should hurry by, 
And no gay suitor bring. 
In labor's ranks she takes her place, 
With skillful hand and cultured mind — 
Xot always foremost in the race, 
But never far behind. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 341 

"And not less lightly fall her feet, 
Because they tread the busy ways; 
She is no whit less fair and sweet 
Than maids of olden days, 
Who gowned in samite or brocade, 
Looked charming in their dainty guise, 
But dwell like violets in the shade, 
With sin', half -opened eyes. 

"Of life she takes a clearer view, 
And through the press serenely moves, 
Unfettered, free, with judgment true, 
Avoiding narrow grooves; 
She reasons and she understands, 
And sometimes 'tis her joy and crown 
To lift, with strong, yet tender, hands, 
The burdens men lay down." 

However all this may be, our neighborhood having 
only eighteen or twenty clubs, associations and soci- 
eties, might well afford another to be devoted to the 
comfort and amelioration of all downtrodden men 
within her borders. 

Third month, ist. Business was transacted in the 
neat, suitable and substantial building recently com- 
pleted at Sandy Spring by the savings institution. The 
bank will be opened on Mondays and Thursdays, from 
two to four o'clock p. m. Notwithstanding the finan- 
cial distress extending over the farming community 
the institution has gained in the past year, and at the 
directors meetings, Third month, 4th, the usual divi- 
dend of four per cent, was declared. 

Third month, 3rd, Barbara, daughter of Henry and 
Helen G. Miller, was born. 



342 ANNALS OF SANDY SPEIXG. 

Third month, 8th, John Needles, son of John C. and 
Cornelia H. Bentley, was born. 

On the evening of Third month, 8th, Worthington 
Waters, who has been for some years a missionary, 
gave an interesting illustrated lecture at the Lyceum, 
on Japan, and the strange scenes he had witnessed in 
that far-away land. 

Although the pictures on the calendar were dis- 
tinctly springlike, and that season had undoubtedly 
arrived, if dates were correct, the weather continued 
cold, but like a disagreeable guest who makes amends 
in leaving by a pleasant speech on the door-step, old 
winter gave us her fairest spectacle on the i6th, in a 
crystal day ; diamonds of the first water decked every 
twig and vine and grass blade, and the eye revelled in 
a vision of glittering beauty. Alternate freezing and 
•thawing, and the usual high winds prevailed, that 
make this month so trying on health and temper. 

On the night of the 27th there was a thunder- 
storm, and the following morning almost a gale, con- 
tinuing through the day, but all this must be accepted 
as Dame Nature's spring cleaning, so 

"March winds blow with all vouv might, 
Set disordered things aright, 
Rustle every dry leaf down, 
Chase the cold all out of town; 
Sweep the roads quite free from dust, 
Blow it off with many a gust, 
Make the earth all clean again, 
And ready for the April rain." 

Third month, 29th. Airs. George Kennan gave 
a most entertaining reading at the Lyceum, relating 
her varied experiences in Russia, with her husband, 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 343 

on his return from Siberia. The beautiful peasant 
dress she wore, which had been purchased in Mos- 
cow, enhanced the interest of the occasion. 

In this month James P. Stabler entered into part- 
nership with Frederick McReynolds, in the insurance, 
loan and real estate business, their office to be in 
Washington. 

The tinkle of the telephone bell was now heard in 
all directions, and the messages flying from point to 
point were as w/ied as they were constant. Ting, ling, 
ling. "Hello, central ! Give me Smiling Valley ;" "How 
do ?" "Can you hear me ?" "Yes ; can you hear me ?" 
"Perfectly." "We have just had our 'phone put in ; 
isn't this fine?" "Yes." "Good-bye." 

Ting, ling, ling. "Central, give me Ashton store. 
That thee, Edward ? Just put up ten pounds of granu- 
lated and start a gallon of molasses running; I'll be 
along directly." 

Ting, ling, ling. "Hello, beautiful Mountain 
Dairy ; this is the telegraph office ; dispatch just in 
from Washington, 'Send twenty-seven gallons of 
cream and thirty dozen eggs immediately." "All 
right." Hens began to cackle as soon as they heard 
the bell. 

Ting, ling, ling. "That Sandy Spring store ?" "J ust 
send me that porous plaster I left on the counter; it 
might do more good on my back." 

Ting, ling, ling. "Hello, central, I want the manor." 
"What, the whole of it?" "No, the edge will do." 

"Hello, girls, what's the news?" "Heard of the 
engagement?" "Yes, isn't it splendid?" "Perhaps 
it is only an experiment." "No danger of that." 



344 ANNALS OF SAXDY SPRING. 

"Wonder who else is engaged. There are always 
three cases ; never was known to fail ; it's contagious." 
"Well, I heard two bachelors, not far from Brighton, 
say they would furnish the historian items next 
year or die in the attempt." "That's good. They had 
better start out before the roads close up ; seems to 
me 'lone maiden stock' will soon go up to par." 
"Yes, and be knocked down to the highest bidder." 

Ting, ling, ling, ling, ling. "Oh, doctor, do come 
quickly ; the baby's swallowed a shoe-button." "Yes, 
certainly; but who's talking, which baby?" 

Ting, ling, ling, ling. "Who is that? Has the lime 
come? Is this old Brooke? Give me Emily; I want 
Emily. Is this Brighton?" — Do hush, Janney, for 
one minute; I'm talking to Oak Dale — "Come to tea 
this afternoon." "Can't you come here?" 

Who's talking? Why it's the whole neighborhood 
talking at once. Good time to build another tower of 
Babel. What's the matter? The new switch-board 
must be a double transmitter "ting, ling, ling." 

Do you wonder that forty tons of wire, fifty miles 
of line, thirty-nine private and eleven public 'phones 
are now required to enable the neighborhood to talk, 
in season and out cf season, with a prospect of many 
new subscribers, and the telephone already connect- 
ing at Rockville with the capital city? 

Third month, 30th. The Bond Brothers started 
their new engine and boiler for the first time. The 
engine is a fine 12x36 Corliss, of about seventy-five 
maximum horse power, at sixty turns per minute, and 
has been pronounced first-class by an expert. The 
starting of the new engine is the culmination of im- 



AXXALS OF SAXDY SPKIXG. 345 

provements which were begun in the Twelfth month, 
1891, when they commenced building their new mill, 
which has added so much to the convenience of 
manufacturing as well as the improved appearance of 
the mill. 

On the afternoon of Fourth month, 2nd, there was 
a thunder-storm, acompanied by heavy rain, which 
continued to fall through the night, and freezing; 
weather again on the 3rd seemed to discourage those 
who were anxious to get gardens planted and winter 
debris removed. We frequently hear the remark that 
the climate has changed, and it certainly has, from 
the seasons experienced in the beginning of the pres- 
ent century. A friend from Sharon, who disclaims all 
personal recollection of the year 1816, furnishes me 
the following veracious report of that date : 

"June was the coldest ever known in this latitude ; 
frost, ice and snow were common ; almost every green 
thing was killed. Fruit was nearly all destroyed; 
snow fell to the depth of ten inches in Vermont, seven 
inches in Maine, and three in Central New York, and 
also in Massachusetts. Considerable damage was 
done in New Orleans in consequence of the rapid rise 
in the river. The suburbs were covered with water, 
and roads were only passable in boats. 

"July was accompanied by frost and ice. On the 5th 
ice formed of the thickness of window glass through- 
out New England, New York and parts of Pennsyl- 
vania; Indian corn was nearly all destroyed. 

"August was more cheerless if possible than the 
summer months already passed. Ice formed half an 
inch thick ; Indian corn was so frozen that the greater 



346 AXXALS OF SANDY SPRING. 

part was cut and dried for fodder. Almost every 
green thing was destroyed, both in this country and 
Europe. There was no summer in 1816, and seed- 
corn kept over from 181 5 sold for four and five dol- 
lars a bushel. 

"September furnished about two weeks of the mild- 
est weather of the season. Soon after the middle it 
became very cold and frosty, and ice formed. 

"October produced more than its share of cold 
weather, frost and ice particularly. 

"November was cold and blustering, and enough 
snow fell to make good sleighing. 

"December was quite mild and comfortable." 

The above is a brief summary of the "cold summer 
of 1816/' Frost and ice were common in every month 
in the year, and very little vegetation matured in the 
eastern and western states. The sun's rays seemed to 
be destitute of heat, all nature seemed to be clad in a 
sable hue, and men exhibited no little anxiety con- 
cerning the future of this life. Let us hope our gen- 
eration will -ot have a repetition of such an experience' 
as this. 

About this time Charles G. Willson and family 
moved from Lucknow to Lutherville, Maryland, and 
Dr. Francis Thomas and family returned to their sum- 
mer home from Washington. 

There seems always to be a pause in drawing near 
the end of our historical year, as if the events great 
and small, grave or gay, that go to make up the sum 
of existence, had come to a full stop, and, yet, there 
is really no hiatus and we are only passing another 
mile-stone in our journey of life. 



ANNALS OF SANDY SPRING. 347 

To many of us Time's finger on the dial points to 
high noon, and we realize as age advances how 
quickly these mile-stones succeed each other, and 
that our half spent day leaves less than half remain- 
ing. The last item is recorded ; the chronicle is 
spread before you, but the thread is not dropped. 
The history goes steadily on, its roots in the past, its 
wide branches stretching to that future for which 
we are all responsible. 

This very custom of gathering together and pre- 
serving these neighborhood happenings makes us the 
more responsible, and life in Sandy Spring should 
grow richer with each passing year, and have larger 
treasure in itself and larger treasure in other lives, re- 
membering always, 

"Who blesses others in his daily deeds, 
Will find the healing- which his spirit needs, 
And every flower on other's pathway strewn 
Confers a pleasing fragrance on his own." 



VI-