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Full text of "Annals of the town of Mendon, from 1659 to 1880"

Go 

974.402 
M523m 
1139008 



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GENEALOGY C 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01114 8761 






Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/annalsoftownofmeOOmetc 




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AN N ALS 



Town of Mendon, 

Ma 



1 659 to 1880. 



COMPILED BY 



JOHN G. METCALF, M. D., 

MEMBER OF THE HIS. GEN. AND AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETIES, ETC. 



PROVIDENCE, R. I.: 

E. L. FREEMAN & CO., PRINTERS TO THE STATE. 

1880. 



NOTE. 



The Annals are published by the Town under the supervision of the 
following committee, viz. : 

JULIUS A. GEORGE, 
MICA1AH C. GASKILL, 
PUTMAN W. TAFT, 
•GUSTAVUS B. WILLIAMS. 



INDEX 



1189008 



A. 

Abercromby's expedition 281 

Account of Saml. Read 142 

do. of J. Chapin 133 

do. of Shirts 368 

Accounts audited.. 169, 224, 263, 266 

Act of Parliament 327 

Agreement, Job Hide 9, 35 

do. Benj. Allbe 9 

do. Samuel Hay ward. . 81 

Alexander Caleb, Rev 427 

Aldrich Peter 193 

Allen Lewis 498 

Aldrich Moses, preacher 213 

Allen Alexander H 720 

Ammidown's bill 283 

Ammunition at Mendon 335 

Amendments to Constitution, 510, 

542, 560, 616, 618, 620, 624, 629, 

631, 636, 638, 649. 

Anabaptists 245, 305, 306 

Animals cared for ' 51 

Andros' usurpation 105, 106 

Annual meeting changed. . . .. 547 

Assessments 125, 131 

Assignment of Deed 3 

Attack on Mendon 61 

Auditors 542, 630 



B. 

Balch Rev. 311 

Ballon Adin, Rev 545 

Battle of Lexington 332 

Barber Stillman, Rev 628 

Beef 393 

Bellingham 183, 203, 254 

Bills of Credit •. . 189, 192 

Bick James 104, 105, 121, 124 

Bi-Centennial. . . . 657, 671, 675, 676, 

677, 678. 

Black staff for Constable 143 

Blackstone 604. 608, 613 

do. Bridge 568 

Bounty on Wolves, 34, 123, 124, 126, 

137, 140. 

Bounds of training field 251 

Boston and Hartford Turnpike. 456 

Board of Health 493 

Browne Elizabeth 90 

Bundy Ruth 90 

Burying place 122, 281, 304 

Butter for minister 128 

Bye-Laws. . . .543, 544, 612, 615, 657, 

718, 720. 

C. 

Census 296, 367 

Charming Geo. G., Rev 608 



IV. 



INDEX. 



Church North Cong 532 

Clark George F., Rev 697 

Coleman Richard, Rev 674 

Committee to make a ' 'valid act" 3 

Committee to visit Mendon.... 58 

do. Cons'l Convention . . 355 

Coalition Legislature 611 

Comstock Samuel 195 

Contract for Corn Mill 91 

Contempt of Court 218 

Constitution, 506, 510, 542, 560, 618, 

620, 624, 629, 631, 636, 638. 

Convention at Worcester. . . .38, 408 

Cow paid for , 512 

County of Worcester 220 

do. tax 120, 145 

do. map 519 

do. new 530 

Currency inflated 382, 402 

D. 

Dam may be raised 626 

Deaths 138, 150, 177 

Debts, town 190 

Decision of Committee 506 

Declaration of Independence . . . 343 

Deed Indian 5 

do. Assigned 7 

do. of a Pew 458 

Defalcation 538 

Depreciation of paper money . . . 398 

Delegates to Cons. Convention. 384 

Division of Plains 49 

do. of Swamps 55 

Division Vth 153 

do. Vlth 164 

do. Vllth 180 

do. of Town, 496, 516, 517, 521, 
524, 576, 580, 582, 586, 593. 



District Cong. No. IX., 549, 551, 552 

Dorr Joseph, Rev 173, 237, 307 

Dorr Joseph, Jr., 262, 316, 322, 331, 
343, 395. 

Doggett Simeon, Rev 496 

Dogs 543, 544, 605, 636 

E. 

Emerson Joseph, Rev I9 

Eighth minister . .' 496 

Eleventh minister 601 

Eighteenth minister 682 

F. 

Families, only six more. ....... 45 

Farm for Poor 602, 624, 029, 630 

Farm, Edward Rawson's . . . . 185 

Fire Engines 701, 708 

First Minister 19 

do. Town meeting 16 

do. Town Clerk 24 

do. Miller 9 

do. Blacksmith 33 

do. Innkeeper 57 

do. Cong. Society 415, 416 

Fifth minister 307 

Fifteenth minister 628 

Fish to come up 1 78 

Fire Engine 606, 607 

Fourth minister 173 

do. Highway District 503 

Fourteenth minister 618 

Frontier Towns 63 

Frost Amariah, Rev 249 

French War 272 

do. Neutrals 275 

G. 

Governor, one majority 569, 577 

Gerrymandering 471 



INDEX. 



V. 



H. 

Harrison Hall 581', 604. 606, 608 

1 [assail Robert, Rev 618 

Hay ward Samuel, Lieut 287 

Highways to be mended 31, 641 

do. to be ten rods wide. . 93 

Highway Districts 280, 547 

Hogg Constables 176 

Hutchinson, Lt. Gov 301 

I. 

Illicit trade 409 

Illegal meeting 570 

Incorporation of Mendon. .... 12 
do. of Milford, 388, 400, 

403, 407. 

Indian War 62 

Indians to come to Mendon. ... 65 

Inland Fishery 688 

Instructions to Selectmen. . .118, 140 
do. to Representative, 119, 435 

Internal enemies 364 

Island in the Pond 23 

do. at Millville 559, 564 

J- 

Jones John 145 

Joy David, Hon 710 

K. 

Kinsley Wm. H. Rev 611 

Kansas Resolutions 622 

Know Nothings 623 

L. 

Lancaster petition '. 463 

Land Bank 238 

Latin School 158 

Legislature petitioned 513 



Leicester Convention 

Letter, Lt. Upham 

do. Lt. G-drum 

Capt. Henchman 

Circular 325, 

Joseph Dorr 

Alexander Scammell. .. . 

Colin McKenzie 

Confederate 



do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

Library 

Lindsley David P. , Rev 
Liquor Agent 



428 

67 

68 

71 

336 

337 

339 

359 

366 

638 

682 

631 



M. 



Map of County 

Masts for the King 

Mattoonas 

Meeting House 

do. do. seated 

Mendon Association 

do. in the Rebellion 

do. and Uxbridge 

Methodist Society 

Milford... 388, 400, 403, 

Mill, saw 

Militia to have Snow Shoes. . . . 
Mill River Precinct 



519 
167 
79 
111 
161 
263 
660 
269 
660 
453 
112 
149 
240 



N. 

Name of the Town 17 

New County 530 

do. do 621 

do. Tenor 245 

do. Meeting House 506 

Ninth Minister 545 

North Purchase 115 

Nineteenth minister 697 

do. Cong. Church 532 



VI. 



INDEX. 



O. 

Old Tenor 24 

Order about fences 56 

do. Cedar trees 50 

P. 

Paper vs. Specie 411 

Peck Ephraim 147, 151 

Penniman Peter 356 

Pest House 363 

Pew room to be sold 231 

Pewter buttons 336 

Perambulation with Dedham ... 38 

Petition, Braintree 1 

do. Belcher 2 

do. Indians 35, 105 

do. Inhabitants, 39, 47, 52, 96, 
100-, 417. 

do. Soldiers 69 

do. Matthias Puffer 75 

do. John More 77,78 

do. Samuel Read 83 

do. Sarah Stephens 94 

do. Selectmen 129,374 

do. David How 205 

do. Thomas Sanford 210 

do. Samuel Wheelock ... 229 

do. Thomas Tenney 238 

do. Friends 244 

do. John Holbrook 245 

do. East Precinct 248 

do. Proprietors 259 

do. A Committee, 267, 371, 422 

do. Jacob Aldrich 292 

do. Ezekiel Wood et al. . . 350 

do. John Albee et al 351 

do. Edward Rawson 394 

Place for Town Meetings, 497, 499, 
501. 



Poor House, 500, 504, 517, 527, 528, 

539, 542, 598. 

Pout Rock Road 537 

Preserved Pickering 504 

Protest, Caleb Hayward 527 

do. Dan Hill 552 

Proprietor's Records 554 



Quakers 224, 243, 277, 282 



Rate, Minister's, 98, 110, 113, 126, 136 

do Town, distributed 148 

Rawson Grindal, Rev. 82, 157, 170,249 

do. Edward, 325, 328, 329, 331. 
335, 336. 

Ray nor John, Rev 19 

Records to be transcribed 576 

Redwood Abraham 421 

Remonstrance, division of town, 589 
Report of a Committee, 380, 445, 

453, 502, 597. 
Resolutions, 318, 320, 585. 622, 644, 

658. 

Resolutions, Stoughton 348 

Revision of Constitution.. . .454, 506 

Rice George M., Rev 601 

Roads reduced 254, 392, 442 

Road to Uxbridge 545, 546 

do to Bellingham 552, 565 

Rules 3, 544, 545, 569 



Sawmill, Woonsocket 132 

School Dames 222 

School Districts abolished 684 

School House, new 255, 258 

School kept by spells 258 



INDEX. 



Vll. 



do. Districts 280 

do. Money divided, 504, 543, 563, 

567. 

Scull Hock road 520. 543 

Second minister 45 

Seventh do 476 

Seventeenth minister 674 

Shay's Rebellion 430, 437 

Soldiers, 340, 376, 377, 385, 404, 410 

Sixth minister 427 

Sixteenth minister 651 

Smith Preserved, Rev 476 

Streets named 69 1 

Sumner Charles 611 

Surplus Revenue, 561, 562, 563, 564, 

610, 630, 632. 

Surveyand Plat of Town 10 

Sword-in-Hand Money 412, 413 



Taft Daniel 194 

do. Moses 262 

Tax, King Philip's War 69 

do. Town 123 

do. for debts 155, 166, 205, 208 

do. highway 159 

do. paid Henry Gardner 331 

do. allowed a discount, 529, 536, 540 

do. payer in jail 601 

Temperance 101, 515, 540, 553 

Tenth minister 545 

Thompson Edward 435 

Thirteenth minister 611 



Three month's men 340 

Third minister 92 

Topography 13 

Town Records 689, 699 

Town, valuation 314 

do. indicted 558 

do. House, 580, 581, 582, 583, 585 

do. division of 576 

do. Hall. .604, 609, 612, 614, 717 

Training Field 251, 463 

Tramps 680 

Treasurer to give bond 561 

Turnpike 541 

Twelfth minister 608 

U. 

Upton incorporated 228 

Uxbridge 203 

V. 

Valuations. .. .314, 405, 430, 432, 592 

Villains to be looked after 597 

Voting in the road 566 

W. 

Wardens 361 

Warfleld John 141 

Walker Hugh 361 

War of 1812 494 

Warning Out 291, 295 

Willard Joseph, Rev 307 

Wheelock Benjamin 233 

Wolves. . .34, 123, 124, 126, 137, 140 



TO^LS OE IT]EI]DOIi. 

1659. The first notice relating to the settlement of Mendon 
may be found in Vol. 4, Part 1, p. 376 of the Massachusetts 
(printed) Records, and is as follows: — 

At the Second Session of the General Court, held at Boston May 28, 
1659— 

"In ans r to the pet icon of the towne of Braintrje, humbly desiring 
some releife relating to sev 11 persons brought by the owners of the iron 
works, yt are likely to be chargeable to them, especially in relation to Jno. 
Francis, his poore condition calling for present releife, &c, this Court 
referrs this part of their peticon to the next County Court in Suffolke, 
where all partjes concerned may have liberty to present theire respective 
pleas and evidence; and in reference to theire desire of a new plantation, the 
Court judge th it meete to graunt them liberty to seeke out a place and 
presente theire desires w tt the names of such persons as will engage to 
carry on such a worke,-vnto the next sessions of this Court." 

"In answer to the peticon of Samuel Basse, (the Towne of Braintrje 
having peticoned for a new plantation), it is ordered, that the peticoner, 
w th his sonnes, may have liberty to joyne w th those of his neighbo's w oh 
will carry on such a worke, w th allowance of one hundred and fifty acres 
w t6 in the bounds of the sjad plantation, more than his just proportion w th 
the rest of his neighbours." 

The next session of the General Court was held Nov. 12; hut 
no mention is made, in its records, of any action upon the 
" petition of the towne of Braintrje," except the following, 
which may he found on p. ■¥.)$: — 

" In answer to y e peticon of Gregory Belcher, it is ordered that, whereas, 
at the last session of this Court there was a plantation granted to severall of 
the inhabitants of Braintry where they could find it vngraunted in this 
jurisdiction, that the peticoner shall be accomodated, together with his 
neighbors w th such a proportion of land as shall be thought meete -by those 
y* have the dispose thereof." 



2 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1659. 

Why Samuel Basse should have "one hundred and fifty acres 
more than his just proportion with the rest of his neighbours," 
cannot, at this late day, be very certainly determined. He was 
a Deputy from Braintree in 1654, and served on a Committee 
in 1665, with Capt. Thos. Savage, Eleazer Lusher, Mr. Colicott, 
Mr. Wm. Parks and Thomas Dyer, to see about building a cart 
bridge over Neponset river in some place near Capt. Stoughten's 
mill, and was a Deputy again in 1657 and 1659. We find, not 
unfrequently, in the early history of the Colony, that the Gen- 
eral Court made grants of land to those persons who had been 
serviceable to the public, and when we reflect that the members 
of the General Court did not, in those times, vote themselves 
five dollars a day, the grant of one hundred and fifty acres of 
wild land, with the Nipmuck Indians for neighbors and fifteen 
miles from the nearest settlement, will not be thought a very 
exorbitant remuneration for services performed at the bidding 
of the General Court. 

1660. From this time nothing more is heard of "the petition 
of the toivne of Braintrje;" but, at an adjourned session of the 
General Court held in Boston, October 16, 1660, we find a peti- 
tion from "such persons as will engage to carry on such a 
work," and to which the General Court made the following 
response : — 

"In answer to the Peticon of the inhabitants of Braintry, i. e., Gregory 
Belchar, James Penneman, Th° Mekins, Moses Pagne, Edm° Quinsey, 
Robe r t Twelves & Peter Brackett, the Court judgeth it meete to encourage 
the petitioners to proceede in thiere setling themselves, & an able minister 
with them, in the place desired for a new plantation, w th in thiere time 
ljmitted; and that those that beginne the sjad plantation may not want 
due encouragement in theire accomodation, & yett the place preserved 
from vnnecessary wast, it is ordered, that Capt Dani Gookin, M r W m 
Parkes, Left Roger Clap, Ephraim Child, & W m Stiltson, or any three of 
them, shall be & hereby are appointed a comittee & hereby impowercd to 
appoint vnto each inhabitantt here, any time wthin this three yeeres, as they 
shall see meete, & that when a full number of persons appeare, this Court 
will, on the comittees imformation, order them due bounds. In further 
ans r to sayd Braintry peticon the Court declares, that they judge meete to 
graunt a plantacon of eight miles square, and that the persons named have 
liberty to enter there vpon & make a beginning thereof, and to take such 
persons into theire society as they shall judge meete & that Major Hum- 
phray Atherton, Left Roger Clap, Capt Eliazer Lusher & Deacon Parkes, 



1660.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



or any three of them, shall & hereby are appointed Comissio 1 " 3 , & impow- 
red to make a valid act there." 

Of the eommittee above mentioned, Grookin was of Cambridge, 
Parkes of Roxbury, Clap of Dorchester, Child of Watertown and 
Stiltson of Charlestown. Of the Commissioners, Atherton and 
Clap of Dorchester, Lusher of Dedham and Parkes of Roxbury. 

Peter Brackett, one of the petitioners, was a Deputy in the 
General Court, this year, from Braintree. 

So far as is known the Commissioners above mentioned held 
no meeting until May 22, 1002; when a meeting was held, and 
the following rules and regulations, " in regard to the settle- 
ment of the Plantation granted at Netmoeke " were ordained, as 
follows, viz: — 

" Dorchester, 22: 5: 1662. 

Wee whose names are hereunto subscribed, being the Committee Impow- 
ered by the General Courte to assist the ordering and setling the Plantation 
granted at Netmocke, doe agree and declare as followeth, viz: — 

1. That the Divisions of land there shall be by these ensuing Rules, 
that one hundred pounds estate be granted one hundred and fifty acres of 
Land, viz : Thirty acres to the house Lott & tenn acors of meadow and five 
acors of Swampy or low land, being capable of being made meadow, and 
more, one hundred and five acors for the greate lott ; and according to this 
proportion for all estates be they more or lesse, and tins to be the Rule for 
the division of all the lands of the Plantation that shall be devided before 
the place or the people there shall be allowed to be a Townshipe and enjoy 
the priviledges thereof. 

2. That the public charges allready disbursed, or that shall lie disbursed 
before the time of Town priviledges aforesaid shall be borne and defrayed 
according to the proportion of Alotm t5 provided as before said. 

3. The persons whose names are presented being (as wee understand) of 
honest and good report are accepted and allowed to take up alotm ts in said 
Plantation. 

4. That it shall not be in the power of an Inhabitant now accepted or 
hereafter to be accepted before the time of priviledges aforesaid, to sell, 
lease or alienate his said Alotmt. or any part or parcell thereof to any 
person whatsoever w th out the consent or aprobation of the major part of 
the Inhabitants, or of those then chosen to regulate the affairs of the Plan- 
tation upon penaltie of forefeiting to the said Plantation all and every pte. 
and pcell so sold or alienated. 

5. There shall be an able and aproved Minuter settled w th them there 
according to the order of Courte in that case made and provided. 

6. That whereas experience shows it not to be the best Expedient for 
Transaction of Publick worke to be left to the whole Number of Inhabi- 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1660. 



tants, wee therefore advise that the said Inhabitants now accepted should 
in their first opportunity make choice of 5 or 7 meete persons for the man- 
agement of ther said occasions for the space of one year and that Mr. 
Peter Brackett and Ensigne Moses Paine be 2 of them, and the men so 
chosen should have the whole power of accepting Inhabitants and dis- 
posing Lands according to the Rules above written. 

7. And whereas it appears that the sd Mr. Brackett & Mr. Paine hath 
already taken much paynes and ben at charges to premote this Plantation, 
and wee suppose must yett continue theire assistance therein, wee judge but 
iust and equall that each of them be gratified w th convenient ffarmes of 
uplands and meadow proportionable to the quantities of each in the plan- 
tation to be layed out to them at convenient distance from the seat of the 
Towne, that is, not less than two miles, and in such places as they shall 
accept and that the quantitieof these be not above 300 acors to each of them. 

8. It is also further agreed and ordered that each of the persons now 
accepted to alottm ts there and all others that shall be so accepted before 
the time of obtayning Town priviledges shall be settled at the said Planta- 
tion before the end of the 7 month 1663 w th these persons and estates. 

The names of the persons now accepted are as followeth, viz : — 



John Moore 
George Aldridge 
Nathaniel Hareman 
Alexander Plumbly 
Mathias Puffer 
John Woodland 
Fardinandce Teare 
Dannell Lovett 
John Harber 
Josiah Chapin 
Joseph Penieman 
John Savill 
John Gurney 
These are of Brantree. 



William Sables. 



Goodman King, senior, 
Walter Cook 
William Holbrook 
Joseph White 
Goodman Thompson 
Goodman Rayner (The Minister) 
Goodman Bolter, senior. 
Abraham Staples 
Samll. Pratt 
Thomas Bolter 
These of Weymouth. 



Subscribed by us, 

Elir. Lusher 
Roger Clap 
William Parke. 

William Holbrook "] 
Josiah Chapin ^ these are chosen 

John Rayner [for this year." 

John Harber 



Inasmuch as the "Plantation at Netmocke" had no corporate 
existence at this time, the Indian deed of the "eight miles 
square," which, it seems, had been already granted by the Gen- 



1660.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 5 

eral Court, was made to Moses Payne and Peter Brackett, who 
afterwards, in 1670, assigned their rights to the Town. 

The Indian deed was partially executed on the 22d of April, 
1602, a few days hefore the meeting of the Committee ahove 
mentioned; but was not fully completed until Sept. 8, 1662, 
when " Great John set to his hand and seal and delivered the 
deed to Moses Payne and Peter Brackett." 

THE INDIAN DEED. 

To all Xpiart people to whom these presents shall come, Anawassanauke, 
alis John, and Quashaamiit, allis William, of Blewe Hills, and Great John, 
Namsconont and Upanbohqueen, allis Jacob of Natick, sendeth Greeting: 
Know Yee that the said Anawassanauke, Quashaamiit, Great John, Nam- 
sconont and Upanbohqueen for divers good and vallewable considerations 
them theere unto Moovinge and especiall for and in consideration of the 
summe of twenty fower pound Ster. to them in hand payd by Moses Payne 
and Peter Brackett both of Brantre the receipt whereof they doe acknowl- 
edg by these presents, and thereof and every part and parcell thereof, dotb 
exonerate, acquitt and discharge them the said Moses Payne and Peter 
Brackett, there heyres and assignes forever by these presents, Hath given, 
granted, bargained, sould, enfeoffed & confirmed unto Moses Payne & 
Peter Brackett of Braintre afore said there heyres and assignes for ever, A 
Tract of Lands of Eight Miles square lying about fifteen miles from Med- 
field ; and is bounded one Mille to the east of a small river wch lyeth about 
three Millea to the Eastward of Nipmng Great Pond and so-from the line 
of one Mille on the East of that small River is to runn eight Milles West or 
Westerly and is to lye three milles to the south or southward of the 
Parth that leads to Nipmugg Great Pond and five Milles on the other side of 
that Parth north or Northwards together with all the trees and timber, 
woods, underwoods standing, lyeing and growinge thereon, w th all the 
meadows, swamps, Rivers and Brooks lyeing within the *d eight milles 
square w th with all other privileges and appurtenances belonginge or any 
ways apertayninge there unto. To Have and to Hould the said Eight 
Milles square as it is bounded, Together with all the trees and timber with 
the underwoods standing, lyeing andgroweinge thereon wm all y e Meadows, 
Swamps, Rivers, and Ponds and Brooks lyeinge wth in this eight milles 
square as it is bounded w» h all other privileges and apertenances belonging 
or any wayes apertayning there unto unto the said Moses Payne and Peter 
Brackett theire heires and assigns for ever, and to theire only proper 
use and behoofe of them the s d Moses Payne and Peter Brackett, 
theire heyers and assignes forever, to be holden in fee Sockage and 
in Capetye nor by Knights service. And the said Anawassanauke, 
allis John, and Quashaamiit allis William, Great John, Namsconont allis 
Peoter and Upanbohqueen allis Jacob doth covenant, promise and grant by 
these presents that they the sd Anawassanauke, Quashaamiit, Great John, 



6 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1660. 

Namsconont & Upanbohqueen are the true and proper owners & proprie- 
tors of the sd bargayned premises at the time of the bargayne & sale thereof 
and that the said premises are free and clere & clerely acquitted, exonerated 
& discharged of for & from all and all manner of former bargaynes, sales, 
gifts, titles, mortgages, actions, suits, arrests, attachments, judgments, ex- 
ecutions, extent or incombrance what soever from the beginning of the 
World until the time of the Sale and bargayne thereof. And the said 
Anawassanauke, Quashaamiit, Great John, Namsconont & Upanbohqueen 
Doth covenant, promise and grant by these presents all and singular the 
said bargained premises w th the appurtenances to warrant, acquit & defend 
unto the sd Moses Payne and Peter Brackett there heyres & assignes forever 
against all Indians or English people by from or under them clayming any 
right, title or interest of or into the same or any part thereof forever by 
these presents, and that it shall and may be lawful to and for the sd 
Moses Payne & Peter Brackett to Record & enroll or cause to be recorded 
and enrolled the title or Tenor of these presents according to the true intent 
& meaning thereof and according to the usual manner and order of record- 
ing Deeds & evidences in such case made and provided. 

In Wittnes whereof the said Anawassanauke, Quashaamiit, Great John, 
Namsconont and Upanbohqueen have sett to theere hands & seales this 
twenty two of Aprill one thousand six hundred and sixty two. 

The words " by from or under them " in the sixt line, as also that the 
Indians specified in this deed, together with there heyres forever have 
liberty to fish, fowle & hunt so far as any law of this jurisdiction alloweth 
in other places not w th standing anything in this Deed, this was before the 
sealinge hereof. 

Signed, sealed and delivered the day and year above written in the pres- 
ence of John Eliot, senior, John Eliot, junior, Daniel Weld, senior. 

Great John set to his hand & seal and delivered the deed to Moses Payne 
& Peter Brackett this 8th day of September 1662. 
as witnesses 

William Allis, Nathaniel Brackett. 
Anawassanauke, 

his f% Marke and A seale. 
Quashaamiit, 

his XL, Marke and A seale. 
Namsconont, 



his "} Marke and A seale. 

Great John ^ 

his marke and A seale. 
A Seale and nee hand. 



1662-3.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 7 

1662. Moses Paine and Peter Brackett, for some reason, 
witheld the assignment of the foregoing Deed to the Town 
until directed, by the General Court, so to do; when we find 
endorsed upon the deed the following instrument: — 

Wee Moses Payne and Peter Brackett doe assigne over all our right, 
title and Interest in this Deed unto the Selectmen of the Town of Mendon 
for the use of the said Towne, as wittnes our hands 

Peoter Brackett 
Moses Payne 
May y e 12, 1670. 

The above is believed to be a true copy of the original Deed; 
as it was entered in the first volume of the Town records as 
early as 1667, by the person who was especially deputed by the 
Committee to enter "the public acts from the beginning of the 
Plantation." The original was very probably lost at the deser- 
tion of the Town, during King Philip's war in 1675. 

1663. "Dedham 30. 10. 63. 

Henery Adams, John Frary, Edward Adams, Poet. Adams, John War- 
fell, these desire further to consider of it. 

Samuel Parker, Ralfe Freeman, Ad**** Lovell, John Blakeman, Bar- 
nabus Derifeld presents his desires, Acceptance for Samuell Spencer at 
present and himself to settle there according as they shall be ordered. 

James Risinge desires acceptance. Walter Cook desires his grant may 
be renewed although he hath not been there as formerly ordered. 

Willi Skant desires acceptance. John Thompson and Joseph White 
desire the renewing of their Graints. 

William Sheffield desires acceptance. 

Grisell Gurney, Wid. desires acceptance and also for Thomas juell, 
her sonn * * * — * (torn off) — * — desires acceptance. Nicholas Rock- 
wood desres acceptance * * * illegible * * desires the 

renewinge of his grainte * * illegible * * acceptance Henry 

Neale desires a grainte. Zachary Thayer desires a grant. John Bow T ers 
and John Metcalf desire acceptance. 

At this meeting of the Committee it was agreed that all the persons 
whatever that shall be accepted to grants of lands shall be enjoined to be 
settled there with their families by the middle of November next 1664, 
upon penaltie of forfeiture of all their graints there and all Publicke 
charges disbursed there. 

David Hime desires acceptance. John Read desires acceptance. John 
Thompson and Joseph White had theire grants renewed. Walter Cook, 
Nathaniel Hareman and Abraham Staples hath their grants renewed. 



8 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1664. 

Jonathan Basse and the young Man of Seaconcke that came with him 
are accepted ; and Joseph Aldridge and John Rockett are accepted. Good- 
man Derifeld and his kinsman are accepted. David Hime is accepted. 
John Gurney desires to have his graint renewed. 

David Walsby desires acceptance & Goodman White desires acceptance 
for his Sonn and Thomas Kingman. 

1664. Boston the 24th. of March 166| 

The Committee for Nipmug being met the day above written the former 
grant of John Gurney is renewed. Goodman Jipson is received an Inhabi- 
tant. 

It will be remembered that the " Committee for Nipmug " 
met at Dorchester May 5, 1662, and, among other rules then 
made, directed that those persons who had been accepted to 
allotments of land, as Avell as those who might thereafter be ac- 
cepted, should be settled at "the said Plantation" before the 
end of the seventh month, 1663. 

In accordance with this order of the Committee, as near as 
can be ascertained, John Moore, George Aldrich, Mathias Puffer, 
John Woodland, Ferdinando Thayer, Daniel Lovett and John 
Harber, were the pioneers in the settlement of Mendon, they 
having removed to the plantation "before the end of the 7th. 
month 1663." After this date and before the 24th of March, 
1664, so far as can be gathered from the records of the town, 
John Gurney, Walter Cook, Joseph White, John Thompson, 
Abraham Staples, Joseph Aldridge, John Jepson and John 
Rockett had removed to the settlement and joined their fortunes 
with the first comers, making, in the whole, fifteen families. 

Nathaniel Hareman, Alexander Plumly, Josiah Chapin, John 
Saville, William Ilolbrook, Goodman Bolton or Boltor, Jr., 
Samuel Pratt, Thomas Bolton or Bolter, Jr., Jonathan Basse, 
the young man from Seeconcke, Goodman Derifeld and his 
kinsman and David Hime, who had severally been accepted, did 
not remove by the time specified, nor had allotments of land 
been made to any of them at the breaking out of King Philip's 
war, except to William Holbrook, who did not remove to the 
town until 1669. 

Of Henry Adams, John Frary, Edward Adams, Poet. Adams 
and John Warfell, who "desired further time to consider of it," 
none came to the settlement but John Warfell, who came from 



1664.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 9 

Dedham, and was the first schoolmaster and a Deacon in the 
church. 

Of Samuel Parker, Ralfe Freeman, Ad — Lovell or Lovett, 
John Blakeman, James Risinge, Willi Skant, Nicholas Rock- 
wood, Henry Neale, Zachary Thayer, John Bowers, David 
Walsby, Thomas Kingman and John Metcalf, who desired ac- 
ceptance, nothing is heard further. 

Samuel Spencer, Grizel Gurney, ancestress of Gov. Jewell, of 
Connecticut, Thomas and Joseph Juell, her sons, were here 
before 1675. 

The last act of the "Committee for Nipmug" was as follows: 
viz: 

"Roxiuky, 5th, 2: .64 

Agreed by the Committee (appointed by the General Court) to grainte 
for the encouraging of erecting a Corne Mill at Netmocke as followeth 

To Benjamin Alby, one twenty acor house l»tt in the Town situation 
conveniently layd out according to the quantity of that place and the ac- 
commodations pperly belonging to such a lott according to the Rule of 
Division here Settled, only whatever the quantity of Meadow to such a 
lott Accordinge to Common Rule but yett this lott shall have twelve acors 
layd out in a convenient place. 

Neere the place where the said Mill shall be erected on that side of the 
River that is farthest from the Towne is granted fifty acors of upland of 
such land as may be near & convenient for improvement. 

Subscribed by the Committee, 

Elea: Lusher 
Roger Clap 
William Parke. 

Although this instrument was undoubtedly executed at the 
time it purports to be dated, and probably delivered to Benja- 
min Alby, it was not brought to the notice of the town until 
Sept. 10, 1672, as stated in the record of that date. The Mill 
was probably built in 1672, and was erected on Mill River a short 
distance above the bridge that crosses that stream, at a little to 
the east from the house of Lewis B. Gaskill. 

Of what transpired from 1664 to 1667, when the town was 
incorporated, neither tradition, legend or official record furnish 
us with any information. No record was left by those who were 
set apart "to order the prudential affairs of the plantation," or 
if left, has long since been lost. As the power of accepting to 



10 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

allotments of land such persons as might apply had been surren- 
dered by the Committee to the inhabitants, it is presumed that 
they to whom they had delegated the power admitted such per- 
sons into their company, as, in their discretion, they saw fit. 

We, of the present generation, must remember that the 
pioneer settlers of this place held, in this direction, the farthest 
outpost of civilization; that they were surrounded by Indians 
■who were daily growing jealous of a race which, since the land- 
ing at Plymouth, had taken no step backward, and that they 
were in the midst of a wilderness and fifteen miles from Med- 
field, the nearest place of succor in case of distress or disaster. 

Considering the circumstances of their situation, we may 
properly suppose that most of their time must have been occu- 
pied in providing shelter for themselves and their animals, and 
in raising the crops upon which they must mainly depend for 
sustenance and support. Something had been done, however, 
by way of improvement. A noble street, two miles long and ten 
rods wide, had been located, and upon which the settlers had 
fixed their homesteads. This street extended from near the 
present line between Mendon and Upton to Mill Biver. 

Another road was also laid out, for the most of the way, 
nearly parallel with the main street; beginning near the house 
of Austin A. Taft and passing through to near the house of 
Gilbert Gaskill, thence over what .are now Emerson and Wash- 
ington streets, and connecting with the Main street near the 
house (since burned) of the late Watee Davenport. 

1667. SUBVEY OF THE PLANTATION. 

The desire of the inhabitants to this Honered Courte is that they would 
accept of this Retourne of their Plott of theire Plantation wich is layd ac- 
cording to their Grainte of eight Miles square by Joshua ffisher. 



1667.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 

Country land, South line 8 miles. 



11 



D- 



A 
The AAA Towne. 

A A 



o 



line between Dedham and Quinshepauge Running 
North and South, 4 miles and 40 Rods. 




C. 

Country land, North'line, 4 miles want. 40 Rods, 
r j Parcel of Meadow. 



An explanation of this Plott, being the Township of Squinshapauke as it 
was layd out according to the Grant of the Generall Courte by me, Joshua 
ffisher, Aprill 1667. 

From A to B is bounded by Charles River, a white oake beinge marked 
on the south side of Charles River at A, a Black oake on the north side of 



12 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

Charles River at B, and a line of marked trees and heapes of stones to C, 
from C to D a line of marked trees and heapes of stones to C, from C to 
D a line of marked trees and heapes of stones, and soe from D to E 
and from E to F, a line from F to A of Marked Trees ; And from A 
to B is one mile Runninge according to the River East and "West, from B 
to C is fower Miles wantinge forty Rodd, Runninge from B North, from C 
to D eight miles and halfe west, from D to E eight miles South, from E to 
F seven miles and half East, from F to A ffower Milles and 40 Rods. 

At O is a parcell of Meadow that the Towne Petitioned for of about 
thirty Acors by estimation upon the North line from Charles River. 

This Courte Approves of this Plott as it is Returned, 

as attest, Edw. Rawson, Secrty. 

INCORPORATION OF MENDON. 

Att a Generall Courte held in Boston 15th of May 1667, 
In answer to the Petition of the Inhabitants of a new Plantation called 
Squinshepauke, the Court doth graint them the Meadow lyinge out of 
theire lyne it Runninge through that Parcell and that the name of their 
Towne be Mendon, and that it belonge to the County of Middlesex, and that 
they and theire Successors be invested w th Towne Privilidges as other 
Townes of this jurisdiction do enioy and that they be freed from Country 
charges for the space of three yeares from the time of this Grant — the Rest 
of what they Petition for concernes the County Courte.* 
That this a true Copie taken out of the Courte's Records, 

as Attest, Edw. Rawson, Secry. 

The last act, of the "Committee for Nipmug" is recorded 
in the following words: — 

"Wee the Subscribers doe nominate and Depute Colonell William Crowne 
to enter the Public Acts respecting Mendon from the beginning of the Plan- 
tation to this tyme and to finish this worke with speed and make^ Retourne 
vis under named. 

the Committee Respectinge the prudeutiall affayres 
of Mendon, 

Elia: Lusher 
William Stoughton 
William Parke 
Dedham2:2: 67." 

William Stoughton whose name appears above was not orig- 
inally appointed, but took the place of Major Humphrey Ather- 
ton, (see p. 3,) who died Sept. 16, 1661, in consequence of a fall 
from a horse. 

♦Relating to the owners of the Iron Works; see p. 3. 






1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 13 

It will be seen that the persons signing above style themselves 
the Committee, &c. By reference to the page just quoted it will 
be seen that they were appointed as Commissioners "to make a 
valid act there." 

The settlement at Netmocke and the Plantation of Squinshe- 
pauke having come to an end, the Town Clerk began his record 
with the following preamble: — 

"The Honoured General! Courte was Pleased to make this Plantation a 
Towne the 15th day of May 1667 and named it Mendon and adorned it w th 
severall large Priviledges and confirmed theire Lyne and ye land w th in the 
hounds thereof to the present Inhabitants and their successors, as by the 
said Courte's Act doth appeare w ch land before was purchased of the 
Indians then in possession as by theire Deed will appeare. 

TOPOGRAPHY OF THE "EIGHT MILES SQUARE." 

At the date of its incorporation the town was covered with a 
heavy growth of oak, pine, chestnut and cedar, save a few acres, 
in the vicinity of the rivers and brooks, used by the Indians for 
planting grounds. 

Rivers and Brooks. — The principal streams are the Black- 
stone, Mumford, Mill and Charles Rivers, flowing generally in a 
southerly direction following the similar trend of the hills. 

The Blackstone river came in upon the northwestern portion 
of the town and flowing southeasterly left the town near its 
southeastern corner. Its first tributary was the Mumford river, 
coming from the west, a little below the present centre of Ux- 
bridge. Its name, as related to me by the late Judge Joseph 
Rawson, of Barrington, R. I., was derived from the following 
incident: A man by the name of Mumford, belonging to 
Brookfield, coming to Mendon, was drowned while attempting 
to ford the river. A coroner from Mendon was called to view 
the body, and he directed it to be buried. A coffin was readily 
improvised by cutting down a chestnut tree, removing the bark 
whole and binding it strongly about the body with withes. It 
was buried on the site of the present public house in Uxbridge, 
the remains being discovered when digging the cellar. 

The Rivulet, a small affluent, falls into the Mumford just be- 
low the Mills at North Uxbridge. Another small stream comes 
in from the west at Ironstone. 



14 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

The Branch (formerly known as the Monhegin river) empties 
into the Blackstone from the southwest, just above the Black- 
stone factory, while Fox brook, from the north, comes in just 
below. 

West river comes in from the north and, flowing southerly, 
empties into the Blackstone in Uxbridge. 

Misco hill, Fairbanks and Wigwam brooks empty into West 
River from the east; Fairbanks brook being the outlet of Men- 
don Pond. Andrews' brook, coming from the centre of Upton, 
empties into West river some mile or two below. 

Mill river rises in Hopkinton and, flowing southerly, empties 
into the Blackstone below Woonsocket, R. I. Its affluents are 
Muddy, Grave Meadow and Hop brooks, and Quick stream. 

School Meadow brook rises near the east declivity of Misco 
hill, and, after passing the Saw mill of Putnam W. Taft, takes 
the name of Rock Meadow brook and flows westerly into West 
river. 

Charles river rises in Hopkinton and runs southerly through 
the centre of Milford to the southern boundary of that town, 
soon after which it makes a sharp turn to the left and flows 
northeasterly to the sea between Boston and Charlestown. 

Second brook, sometimes called Daly's brook, emptying into 
Muddy Brook from the west, is the outlet of Little Pond. 
Deer Brook, in the northeast part of Milford, flows into Charles 
river from the east. 

THE BLACKSTONE CANAL. 

As early as 1796 there was a project for connecting Providence 
and Worcester by means of a canal. Under the direction of 
John Brown, of Providence, the route was surveyed, and a 
charter for the organization of a company was granted by the 
General Assembly of Rhode Island. The General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts refusing its co-operation, the project was, for the 
time, abandoned. 

In 1822 the subject of a canal was again taken up by the lead- 
ing; men of Providence and Worcester. A charter for its con- 
str notion was granted by Massachusetts in March, 1823, and by 
Rhode Island in the following June. The work was begun in 
1824, and July 1, 1828, the " Lady Carrington " started on her 



1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 15 

initial trip from tide water. The first through bout arrived at 
Worcester Oct. 6, 1828. 

The five Commissioners who had the oversight of its construc- 
tion were Edward Carrington, Moses B. Ives and Stephen Smith 
of R. I., and John W. Lincoln and Sylvanus Holbrook of Mas^ 
sachusetts. 

Its cost was $700,000, $500,000 being raised in Rhode Island 
and the balance in Massachusets. In Providence, so sanguine 
was the expectation that its stock would prove a profitable in- 
vestment, that, when they had subscribed for their portion of 
the capital, a messenger was dispatched in hot haste to Worcester 
to take up any portion of the stock not subscribed for there. 

Not unlike many enterprises of a later day, the Blackstone 
Canal was no bonanza for its stockholders. As the river was 
improved in many places as a portion of the canal, not unfre- 
quently the boats would, from low water, be unable to enter the 
locks, thus causing vexatious delays. Some years the canal 
would be closed by ice, four or five months in the year. 

It is understood no dividend of profits was ever made; and the 
last toll for the passage of boats was paid Nov. 9, 1848. 

Much good, however, resulted to the public at large by the 
construction of its feeders and reservoirs, as, by their economy, 
the volume of water in the Blackstone river was, for manufac- 
turing purposes, largely increased and utilized. 

PROVIDENCE AND WORCESTER RAIL ROAD. 

The Charter for the Providence and Worcester Rail Road was 
granted by the Legislatures of Massachusetts and Rhode Island 
in 1844, and the commencement of regular trips began Oct. 25, 
1847. 

Not long after the completion of the road the Canal Corpora- 
tion obtained permission to surrender its charter. 

Ponds. Shokolog Pond is situated in the south part of Ux- 
bridge. It was about this pond that "in ye olden time," certain 
squatters from Providence undertook to establish themselves, 
claiming to be within the limits of the Rhode Island colony. 
Captain Chapin was sent, with a force of eleven men, to dislodge 
them, but we hear no report of the killed or wounded, and 



16 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

only two were made prisoners. They were carried to Providence, 
but after a short captivity, were allowed to return to Mendon. 
The controversy with the intruders was afterwards amicably ad- 
justed. 

Mendon Great Pond lies a short distance westerly from the 
centre of the present town, and contains 107 acres. It was 
originally called Nipmug Great Pond. 

In 1870 the Commissioners of Inland Fisheries leased this pond 
for twenty years, "for the cultivation of useful fishes," at a rent 
of $650, payable in instalments. 

Little Pond is situated south from the road leading to Mill- 
ville, and west from the farm owned by Rev. Carlton A. Staples, 
of Providence. Its outlet is Second Brook. 

Hills. The hills of note are Magormiscok (its northern 
and highest part now known as Silver Hill,) and Bear hills, now 
in Milford; Condlewood, Waterbug and Chestnut hills in Black- 
stone; Goat and Wolf Hills in Uxbridge, while Misco, West, 
Wigwam, Caleb's, Pond and Neck hills are within the present 
limits of the town. Wigwam and Misco hills were occupied as 
•stations for observation in the Trigonometrical Survey of the 
State, made, for the construction of a State map, by Simeon 
Borden, Esq. Caleb's hill was so called because Caleb, the Indian, 
to whom the town paid bounties for killing wolves, had his wig- 
wam there. Hungry Hill is mentioned once or twice in the 
early records, but its location is not definitely known. 

Soil. For the purposes of agriculture the origininal grant 
contained a large area of excellent land, a large portion of which 
lies in the valley of the Blackstone. 

THE FIRST TOWN MEETING. 

" The firemen and the rest of the Inhabitants Mett, June 7th. 1667 and 
then did choose for theire Selectmen to order their Prudentiall affairs, 

Coll. Willi Crowne, Goodman Benjamin Alby, ffardinando Thayre, 
Dan : Lovett and John Thompson, seniour 

& Coll. Crowne, Register. 

Pursuant to the advice of the "•Committee," contained in the 
6th Rule, upon p. 3rd, except in the matter of granting land to 
new comers or to those already here, the Selectmen were in- 



1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 17 

trusted with the management of all other matters relating to the 
affairs of the Town. 

Hence, at a meeting of the Selectmen held June 8, KJfIT, they 
appointed Goodman' John Woodland and Joseph Alclridge as 
Fence Viewers, and Abraham Staples, Hog Reive. 

The}' also made orders that all swine should be "eyther 
yoaked, kept up or otherwise secured and looked toe," and, pro- 
vided the fences were good against " great cattle," that double 
damages should be paid for all damage which the swine should 
do to "corne fields, orchards, gardens or meadows." 

Abraham Staples was ordered "to take care that this order 
about swine be duly observed, and for his paynes and care herein 
he shall have fower pence for each animal he may find doing- 
damage." 

They also provided that any person who should bring any one 
to reside in the town without the consent of the present towns- 
men, (selectmen) should be liable for their support, in case they 
could not provide for themselves, and their estates were to be 
held responsible for such support. The selectmen also agreed 
that this last order "is to be set up that all persons may take 
notice at their perills." 

THE NAME OF THE TOWN. 

If not to general readers it may, to those' fond of antiquarian 
research, be thought of sufficient importance to justify an in- 
quiry into the origin of the name of the town. 

Did the General Court, in the Act of Incorporation, change 
tlie orthography of Mendham to Mendonf For the affirmative 
side of this question the following reasons may be offered. 

Because, up to this period, every town in the colony bore the 
name of some city or town in England. 

Because, in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, in England, 
which are only separated by the small river Waveny, we find the 
familiar names of Medfield, Framingham, Ipswich, Needhain, 
Sudbury, Attleboro', Wrentham and Mendham. 

Because no town by the name of Mendon can be found upon 
any map of England, or in any description of its territory. 

Because we find that, for some years after its incorporation, it 

3 



18 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

was a common practice for letters to be dated at Mendham. 
Letters written at this town, during King Philip's war, were so 
dated by Capt. Henchman, Capt. Sill and by Lieuts. Grorum and 
Upham. 

The Parish of Mendham, as it is called, is situated on the 
south bank of the river Waveny, and is a place of great antiquity. 
Its earliest record dates back to the reign of Edward, one of the 
Saxon Princes of England, about the year 950. In or about 
that year Bishop Theodred, by his will, gave to the church in 
Mendham "several lands in that and the adjacent towns." 
This will of the Bishop, it will be seen, carries back the history 
of Mendham to one hundred and sixteen years before the con- 
quest of England by the Normans under William I. In 1135, 
in the reign of Stephen, the grandson of the Conqueror, a Priory 
for Cluniac Monks* was founded in Mendham, by William De 
Huntingfield. He bestowed the whole of Mendham, including a 
small woody Island in the river Waveny, on the monks of Castle 
Acre Priory, on condition that they should erect a church of 
stone, build near it a monastery and place in it, at least, eight 
of their brethren. The church and monastery were undoubtedly 
built, because we find, at the suppression of the monas- 
teries, that the site and revenues were granted to Charles Bran- 
don, Duke of Suffolk. Some remains of the Priory were stand- 
ing a few years since and a part of it has been converted into a 
farm house. 

In 1281, being the ninth year of the reign of Edward I., we 
find Mendham belonginge to the demesne of the Earl of Oxford 
and Roger Fitzwilliam, and, not long afterward, to the demesne 
of Roger De Huntingfield, who died in 1297, in the twenty-fifth 
year of Edward I. From Roger the estate descended to his son 
William, whose son Roger, leaving his kinswoman Alice, his 
heir, it passed by her into other families. 

About 1422 we find it in the possession of John, Earl of Ox- 
ford, in the reign of Henry 6th. In the war of the roses, 
between the Houses of York and Lancaster, the Earl of Oxford 
was a firm partizan of the house of Lancaster, and so, when the 
battle of Barnetfield had decided the contest in favor of York, 
the Earl of Oxford was attainted and, being forced to fly, his 

*So named from the town of Cluny in France, where resided an order of Benedictine 
monks; known in history as the Monks of Cluny. 



1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 19 

estates were confiscated and granted to Richard Dnke of Glou- 
cester, (afterward King Richard 3rd,) brother to the then 
reigning monarch, Edward 4th. This was in 1461. In 1463, 
in the second year of the reign of Edward 4th, the estate of Mend- 
ham wass ettled upon the Duke of Gloucester by a special entail; 
but in 1485, upon the accession of Henry the 7th to the throne, 
thus uniting the houses of York and Lancaster, the estate in ques- 
tion was restored to the Earl of Oxford. 

Mendham is situated upon the south bank of the river Wave- 
ny, in the County of Suffolk, and, seventy-six years ago, con- 
tained five hundred and forty-one inhabitants. 

July 14. A division of " all the meadows w th in theire lyne" 
was voted, and Goodman White, Goodman Cook, Goodman 
Harber and Goodman Puffer were "to joynew" 1 the Selectmen" 
to make the division. 

At this meeting granted to Col. William Crowne and to his 
assigns, and the present minister, their shares of Meadows. 

The following are the names of those who had shares of 
Meadow allotted them: — 

Col. William Crowne John Jepson 

John Rayner Abraham Staples 

Benjamin Albee Peter Braekett 

Ferdinando Thayer, George Aldrich 

John Rockwood Danell Lovett 

Thomas Barnes John Moore 

John Gurney Sam 11 Read 

Mathias Puffer Joseph Juell 

John Harber Thomas Juell 

John Thompson, y e elder, Sam" Spencer 

Joseph White The School. The Glebe. 

REV. JOHN RAYNER, THE FIRST MINISTER. 

Up to a recent period it has been supposed that Joseph Emer- 
son was the first minister of Mendon. While he was the first 
settled minister, a fact recently discovered shows that he was not 
the first minister. 

When we remember that one of the rules made by the " Com- 
mittee for Nipmug" was that the first settlers should have "an 
approved minister settled with them at the Plantation by Nov., 
1664," we can hardly suppose they would neglect to comply with 
this condition. 



20 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

The only evidence that there was any minister here in 1767, 
to be found in the town records, is the single expression that 
the present minister had his share of Meadow allotted him. The 
following extract from a petition to the General Court, praying 
for some parcels of meadow "found outlyinge The Town 
Bounds of Mendon," we think, conclusively establishes the fact 
that John Rayner was the first and, in May, 1069, the present 
minister of Mendon. The extract is as follows, viz: — "And 
now God having given us good hope to enjoy the gospel & gather 
a church by the help of Mr. John Bay tier, whose labors we have 
had comfort of this winter & trust bee will settle, with us, besides 
severall good people, members of churches, tender themselves to 
come to us had wee meado to supply them." The petition from 
which this quotation is taken is dated May 10, 1009. 

Mr. Rayner graduated at Harvard College in 1003, and hence 
it may be objected that a year was too short a time to qualify 
him for the ministerial office. But we must remember that, in 
those early days, there was no long training to be gone through 
with in theological schools, no lengthened curriculum of meta- 
physical study to qualify one for the acceptable discharge of 
parochial duties. True and practical piety, a knowledge of the 
bible, the command of language arid a resolute will (as they 
should be at the present day,) were the essential elements of 
success. 

John Rayner, senior, came from England, (having entered the 
ministry previous to his emigration,) and was settled at Ply- 
mouth about 1030. How long he remained there is not known. 
In November, 1054, he was recommended by the General Court 
to a church in Boston, as will appear by the Colonial Records, 
Vol. 4, (1050 to 1000,) p. 210:— 

" The Court, reminding the case of the new Church in Boston, and being 
sensible of the uncomfortableness of theire present condition, for want of a 
teaching officer amongst them, and being very willing to affoord the best 
help they cann in this case, do therefore propound the Reverend Mr. 
Rayner unto the sajd church, to be by them treated w th all, as also made 
choice of and called to office in case of- agreement between them." 

This recommendation, it seems, did not succeed in inducing 
the church to call Mr. Rayner to Boston, and in 1057 he is found 



1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 21 

settled at Dover, N. H.j where lie continued to discharge the 
duties of minister until his death in 1669, 21 2nd mo. 

Benjamin Eliot, son of the apostle to the Indians, was invited 
to settle at Mendon in 1668; and, it may he asked, why was not 
Mr. Rayner, then living at this town, called to the ministerial 
offices? It may be that his father might have been in failing 
health, as he died in 1669, and the son, hoping to succeed him, 
might not choose to enter into an engagement that would stand 
in the way of his being called to Dover should .the death of his 
father create a vacancy there. 

Be that as it may, we find that Mr. Rayner was settled at 
Dover in 1671, and that he died in 1676. 

From the manuscript memoranda in the interleaved almanacks 
of Judge Sewall, we find the following entries: — • 

"Dec. 29, 1675. Mr. Rayner came in the evening to our house, (and) 
delivered me a letter. Lodged here; in bed we had much and varied 
discourse." 

"Dec. 30. Mr. R. goes on his journey. Gave him letters of Dec. 28 for 
Boston." 

In the Almanack for 1670 the following memorandum is 
found: — 

"Dec. 21. Rayneres occumlict — 28. Sepelitur." 

This record establishes the time of the death of Rev. John 
Rayner, the first minister of Mendon, to be Dec. 21 1676, and 
that the burial of his body occurred on the 28th. 

The elder John Rayner married in England for his first wife 
a lady by the name of Robinson, and for his second Frances 
Clarke, of Hull. 

There was some difficulty in settling the effects of both the 
father and son, as will be seen by the following petition: — 

Mass. Records "Estates Vol. 16, p. 147," under date of June 
10, 1079 may be found 

THE PETITION OF FRANCES RAYNER. 

To the Hon rd Gen" Court now held in Boston, Humbly Sheweth, 

That whereas by the over Ruleing Providence of Almighty God y r Peti- 
tioner is become Executrix to her .late well beloved husband Mr. John 
Rayner sen r of Dover, (now Dover of N. H.,)and Administratrix to the 



22 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

Estate of her late son Mr. John Rayner jun r Deceased and findeing her- 
selfe Incapable to manage the affairs and Concerns thereof and knoweing 
this Court to be the ffathers of y e land and yourselves to be the helpers, 
suckerers and Defenders of the ffatherless and widdows therein, am humbly 
bold to make my Adress unto You, that as you are a means in the Lord's 
hand you would be pleased to help me a widdow and my ffatherless chil- 
dren. 

First: That you would be pleased to Appoint & Impower Mr. Richard 
Martin, Capt. Tho. Daniel and Mr. Anthony Rutter to be helpfull unto y r 
Petitioner wherein she is concerned as abovesaid and that they or any of 
these three Gen 1 may accompt with, demand of and receive from and sue 
and recover in her name, as she is Executrix and Administratrix aforesaid 
of or from any or all the Debtors to the Estates of the aforesaid. And that 
y r Petitioner by herself e or the aforesaid three Gen 1 , or any of them with 
y r Petitioner's consent may sel any or all of the Lands or Estates of the 
Deceased aforesaid, to pay just debts and maintayne your Petitioner and 
that the same may stand firme and valid in the Law. 

Seaceondly : That this Hon d Court issue out an order to the Selectmen of 
y e Towne of Dover that they make up their accompts with y r Petitioner 
within some prefixt time (as your wisdomes shall see fit) and that shall 
appear due to her from the said Towne be speedily payd to her. 

Thirdly: That this Hon d Court would be pleased to desire Maj. Richard 
Waldron and Lt. Peter Coffin to secure and gather in the Mill rents due to 
y r Petitioner as she is the Administratrix to her son John Rayner, thej r 
being the only persons that are capable of doeing the same, and that the 
time may be prefixed for doing it, with which she intends to pay part of 
the debts due unto themselves from the Estate of said son John Rayner. 

And yr Petitioner as in duty bound shall Ever pray. 

Frances Raynor. 

The Magistrates do grant this petition in the several particulars hereof, 
provided that the sale of Lands do not infringe upon the just rights of any 
heir or others to whom they may be entayled, 

their brethren the deputyes hereto consenting 

Edwd. Rawson, Secy. 
10 June 1679. 

Consented by the deputyes 

William Torrey, Clericus. 

Tins Court doth order that y e Selectmen of Dover doe take effectual care 
to settle y e accompts betweene y e Inhabitants of said Towne and Mrs. Ray- 
nor Administratrix to y e Estate of y e deceased Mr. John Raynor Relating 
to his Salliiry and y e payment of such arrears as are yet unpaid & that 
this be done at or before the last day of September next. 



1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 23 

The deputyes have passed this our Hon d Magistrates hereunto consenting. 

John Richards Per order. 

June 11, 1679. Consented to by the Magistrates. 

Edwd. Rawson, Secy. 

Sept. 10. At a meeting held this day the Town granted Col. 
Crowne's forty acre house lot in the Pond field, and, if the 
measure fell short of the forty acres, then to take up the balance 
in the adjoining field, called the Fort field. They also granted 
him the island in the pond. 

Joseph White and John Thompson, sen r , were ordered to lay 
"A Carte way to goe to the South Meadows for hay and drift of 
cattle, through this Pond field and this Fort field." This was 
the beginning of the road now leading to Chestnut Hill and 
Millville, in Blackstone. 

They were also directed to lay out a road through John Jep- 
son's land " for the Oollonell, or his assignes, to goe to his Meadow 
as is needfull, of 4 Rodd wide in the Most convenient place." 
This was the beginning of the road through Pond Hills, by 
what is now known as the Doctor's Dam, coming out to the 
meadow a little north from the house of Davis Bills. At the 
laying out of the Boston and Hartford Turnpike (now a County 
Road.) a portion of this road fell into disuse from the Town 
pound to the Brook by Mr. Bills. 

" Then ordered to build A Minister's house for the first that shall be 
settled heere And a 40 acor house Lott layd to it of Land w th all other 
proffitts and Privilidges and Meadow proportionable as any other 40 acor 
lots shall have to him and his heyres confirmed to him, and to sett it in the 
most convenient place in Towne." 

A Glebe Lot of 20 acres was also granted "with proffitts and 
privilidges as other 20 acre House lots have." This was for the 
ministry. 

Sept. 17. At a Town meeting, held this day, Goodman 
Thompson was chosen a Surveyor "for this end of the towne," 
and John Barnes "for the other end of the towne." John Har- 
ber was chosen Constable and Daniel Lovett " Clarke of the 
Writts." 

The office, " Clarke of the Writts," was created by the General 
Court Dec. 10, 1641. The statute is in the following words, 
viz : — 



24 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

"It is ordered that in every towne one shall bee appointed to grant 
sumons & attachments in all civil actions; & attachments are to bee granted 
when the pty is a stranger, not dwelling amongst us, or for some that is 
going out of o r jurisdiction, or that is going about to make away his estate 
to defraude his creditors, or when psns are doubtful in their estates to the 
plaintiffe ; and the psns to grant replevy, they are to take bond w th suffi- 
cient security (of the pty that desireth replevy) to psecute the suite ; & they 
are to have for warrants 2d. a peece, for replevy or attachments 3d. a peece 
& for bonds 4d. a peece. These are to be directed to the constables in 
towns where there is no marshalls; the same pty to grant summons for 
witnesses. These have power to send out pees to any towne, & to bee 
called Clarks of the Writtes. " 

This last record closes the municipal history of the town for 
the first year of its corporate existence. 

Col. William Crowne was appointed the first Town Clerk 
of Mendon by the " Committee Respecting the prudentiall af- 
fayres of Mendon," as by their certificate, heretofore recorded, 
dated Dedham 2, 2, 1667. 

The first mention I have found of Col. Crowne may be seen in 
a French publication, as quoted by Hazard in his Historical Col- 
lection, page 616, entitled Memoires de L'Amerique, Tom. 2, p. 
511. In this document, which is a grant from Cromwell, we 
find that "Olivier, Seigneur, Protecteur de la Republique d'An- 
gleterre, de E'cosse et d' Irelande," conveyed to Charles de Saint 
Etienne, (la Tour) Sir Thomas Temple and Col. William 
Crowne the territory of Acadie in Nova Scotia. The concession 
was dated August 9, 1656. From this fact it is presumed that 
Crowne had held the commission of Colonel in the army of 
Cromwell. 

That Col. Crowne came to New England in 1657 is quite 
probable; as we find, from a note at the bottom of page 206 of 
Hutchinson's History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, that 
Sir Thomas Temple came over in that year, "having, with oth- 
ers, obtained from Oliver a grant of lands in Acadia or Nova 
Scotia, of which he was made governor. " 

By the treaty of Breda, Acadia was restored to France, and 
thus Col. Crowne lost his interest in the grant made by Crom- 
well. In 1660 Col. Crowne was in Boston. Whaley and Goffe, 
two of the regicides, who had arrived July 27, were, soon after, 
visited by him at Cambridge, as we learn by the diary of (loffe. 
At this time he is set down as a noted royalist. 



1667.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 25 

Upon the restoration of Charles 2d, complaints were directly 
made against the Colony hy its enemies, and in 1660 orders were 
received from him " that persons should be sent over to make 
answer." Upon this, Simon Bradstreet, a magistrate, and John 
Norton, one of the ministers of Boston, were chosen by the 
General Court as Agents to plead the cause of the Colony before 
the King. 

In the meantime Gov. Endecott had written the following 
letter to Col. Crowne, who was then in England. This letter 
may be found in the Mass. Archives, Political, vol. 106 p. 50,- 
and is as follows, viz: — 

" To Colonell Crowne, 

Your readiness to speak in behalf of the churches & people of God in 
this wilderness (for which the good Lord requiete you) doth Imbolden us 
to desire your farther favor that way as opportunity may be ministered 
who may truly say the Lord in his Saints' and Servants here have need yr 
of. Our adversaries, you know, are many & wee by means of our great 
distance not in capacitie to make our defence and so hath the only wise 
disposer of all things been pleased to frustrate our hopes & the expectations 
of the General Court & countrie by his hand of visitation on our & y r mch 
esteemed Mr. Norton, who w th Mr. Bradstreet was appointed by the Gen- 
eral Court to appear before his Majestie & to pfr their petition & take off 
the charge made agst us: although the shipp was stayed for 'some space of 
time in hope of his recovery, to some considerable charge of the countrie 
and hazard of the shipp and voyage, so that we are necessitated to send 
without them that w oh was prepared to send by them, the commission being 
made to both & the extremitie of the season is such that the General Court 
can not be convened to Appoint others in their stead. These are therefore 
to request you to excuse us what you may for this seeming neglect of ours 
who could neither foresee nor prevent the same. And whatever you or 
our other friends shall doe for the promoting the cause of Christ in our 
concernments will be pleasing to God & profitable to his church and people 
both here and elsewhere & both for present and future generations. Thus 
committing you to God & the word of his grace who is able to present & 
preserve you blameless at the coming of ^his dear son & our alone Saviour 
we rest in him. 

7th Feb. 1661." 

At the same time Sir Thomas Temple, who was in Boston and 
a true friend to the Colony, had written to Lord Manchester, 
Lord Say and Seale and other persons of note, for them to in- 
tercede in behalf of the Colony. 



26 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

The following letter, to be found in a foot note in Hutchin- 
son's History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, p. 220, will 
testify to the value of Col. Crowne's services to the Colony: — 

" London 11th. July 1661. 
Gentlemen and honored friends, 

Having so safe a hand and so true a friend to convey a line to you as the 
hearer Mr. Crowne, I was loth to omit writing, because it may be my last, 
my glass being almost run out, and I retiring home. — You have had several 
appeared against you, and have been examined against you, as Captain 
Breedan and others, of whom and about what, this bearer can more par- 
ticularly inform you than I will at this time; and I must say for Mr. 
Crowne, he hath appeared, both here in the council and to the Lord Cham- 
berlain and others as really and cordially for you as any could do, and had 
allaied the ill opinion of your cruelty against the quakers, willingly neg- 
lected his passage to stay here to serve you, and by his means and informa- 
tion of the state of your government, as it now is, I hope you will have no 
governor put upon you but of your own liking; wherefore I must request 
you will really own and accordingly requite Mr. Crowne his love, care and 
pains for you, of which I have been an eye witness. I have brought him 
to the Lord Chamberlain and others, and requested their Lordships to assist 
him in your behalf. I have not been wanting, both to the King and coun- 
cil, to advance your interest ; more I cannot do, but earnestly to pray the 
Lord to stand with you and for you. 

I remain your assured loving friend to serve you. 

W. Say & Seale. 

For his ever honored friends, the Governor of the Massachusetts Colony 
in New England, for the time being, to be communicated to the rest of the 
magistrates and deputies there. 

Col. Crowne continued to reside at Mendon up to or about the 
time of the Indian War in 1675. In 1674 it seems that some 
" unpleasantness" had arisen between the Col. and some of the 
people here, as we find that, at a town meeting held Sept. 4, 
1674, "their was a Loving Agreement between the Colonell & 
our selves; all differences about ColonelPs acounts & that those 
lotts which are conserned shall pay to the Colonell as followeth, 
25 shillings for a 35 acer Lott and so others proportionabell, 
only what every one has paid shall be deducted provided they 
can Clerely proove it. " 

I have learned nothing of the residence of Col. Crowne from 
this time until 1682, when he is found, in feeble health, in Bos- 



1667.] 



ANNALS OF MEN DON. 27 



ton, in reduced circumstances. Previous to reciting his petition 
to the General Court for aid; in order to its clearer understand- 
ing, the following is inserted: — 

" To tlie Honoured the General Court sitting at Boston, 

The Humble Petition of William Crowne 

Sheweth 

That about six 
years since y r petitioner resolved to lease out his Township in y e East w ch 
Coll. Temple, since Knight & Baronet, by his Articles of Agreement made 
upon o r division of o r several parts, confirmed and settled y e same upon 
him and his Heires for ever w th all y e priviledges thereunto belonging, as by 
those Articles may appear. Yo r Petitioner made his tender of y e lease first 
to Sir Thomas out of his love to him & y e peace of o r future tranquillity, 
but he refusing it, Capt. Corwin & Ensign Scottoe tooke y e lease for several 
years at an hundred & tenn pounds per annum, clear rent, to be paid in 
Boston. But within one yeare after it so came to pass that Sir Thomas 
and they fell out & troubles increased and nothing would compose it but 
that I must turn them out and put him into y e lease; and the chief ground 
was y r Petitioner verily believeth y' Mr. Scottoe gave out they cleared 300£ 
y* year & so by over persuasion of all hands & to compose y* difference; 
Capt. Breedan & Mr. Usher pressing also & offering their bond to pay me 
the rent constantly in Boston, during the tearme, Capt. Corwin and Ensign 
Scottoe surrendering up to me y e lease, I made it to Sir Thomas for y e re- 
maining parte of theire tyme, w ch was 4 year & took Capt. Breedan & Mr. 
Usher's bond for y e rent and they paid me y e first year, upon Sir Thomas 
his order upon y e bond, but they refused to pay me any more. Upon w ch 
yo r Petitioner complained to Sir Thomas, who very ingeniously confessed 
to me before Lieut. Cook, it was my due, but his hands were tied up by 
Capt. Breedan & company y t he could not dispose of a skin and wished to 
sue them and gave me full leave ; \ipon which I commenced a suite against 
them in y e County court upon y e bond for what rent then due & had a 
verdict but y e honoured Magistrates not accepting it, it fell in course to y e 
Court of Assistants and then neither jury nor Magistrates found for him & 
so by y r law y r are pleased in such cases, when they have run y e progress 
in other Courts, to seek reliefe of you, therefor I humbly crave the benefitt 
of y' law and for that also there is no other Court to be appealed to but 
this Honoured Court. There is now due to y r Petitioner £330 certain rent 
besides four years forbearance w ch maketh near £400. 

Premises considered y r Petitioner doth humbly beseech this Honoured 
Court to appoint him a day for hearing the whole case & to do therein as 
y e justness thereof in y r grave wisdom you shall see fitt. For justice is 
God's work & you are his Agents in that worke, so a just sentence is God's 
sentence, soe y r Petitioner commits his cause to God & you. 
And shall pray, 

Wm. CltOWNE. 



28 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

The Magistrate judge rneete to grant the petitioner a hearing of the case 
mentioned in his petition at the next session of this Court, the petitionr 
giving the parties concerned timely notice thereof, their brethren the depu- 
tyes consenting thereto. 

Edward Rawson, Secy. 

28 May 1066. Consented to by the deputyes. 

Wm. Torrey, Clericus." 

Mass. Archives, Political, Vol. 1638 to 1670, p. 2(55. 

" Honoured Magistrates, 

I hould it necessary to lay before you ye particular service I did the 
Country in England, w ch my Lord Say's letter to you doe but hint it leav- 
ing it to me to informe y u y e more than he would write at y* time. When 
I came to London to his Maj tie , which was two weeks after Breedan (for 
he took post at Dover) I was informed at Court by severall of my old 
acquaintances, of a great Charge given unto the King and y e Lord Chan- 
cellor, against this country and Government & Mr. Bellingham. That 
Goff and Whalye, two trators declared by Parlam 4 were very kindly enter- 
tained here and that Mr. Bellingham would not deliver y m up to. Breedan, 
although by a letter required in his Maj 4 - TS name to doe it. And the busi- 
ness was referred to a Committy of y e Lords to examine; upon which I 
presently sent to my Lord Say into y e Country, my old worthy friend, be- 
seeching him, if he ever had love to New England or to Mr. Bellingham, 
yt he would come up to London, he being one of y e Councill, and if I were 
examined I did not doubt but to cleere this charge both concerning y e 
Country & Mr. Bellingham and take off ye charge they lay under. His 
Lordship returned this answer, y 4 he could not come up until y e parlement 
set, he being old and crasye, which was about 3 weekes after, but wrote a 
letter to my Lord Chamberlayne, requesting to moove the Committy to 
stay their proceedings of examination of y 4 case untill he came up, leaving 
y e letter open for me to seale and deliver which I did. Y e Councill stayed 
these proceedings & now a demur of this business & how it was presented 
by Capt. Breedan to y e Lord Chancellor, I prevailed w th a noble person, a 
favourite with his Ma'y, to goe to y e King and see how his Maj tie felt about 
New England. He brought me this answer; he' had been with y e King 
about it and he sayed he wondered y 4 that they would take Traitors parts 
against him y 4 never did y m wrong; he looked upon New England to be a 
nice people and numerous and a jewell in his Crowne and would be better 
informed of y e reporte before he gave indg 4 all which I sent my Lord Say 
word of, so incouraged him to Come up which he did at his time appointed, 
and came to me before he went to y e King. He entreated me to remoove 
my Lodgings neare him to Whitehall y e better to joyne to gether to carry 
on this business with y e Councill, which I did and Cost me for 2 months 
seventeen shillings and six pence y e weeke, before I was dismist by y e 



1G67.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 29 

Coimcill; and then I had an order sent me by y e Conncill to be examined 
and to attend de die in diem. 

I was examined of all things of weight y* Consemed both Church, Gov- 
ernment and Country, and having given satisfaction to y e Council] of what 
they examined me about and about Goff & Whalye, my Lord Chancellor 
came to y e Conncill and brought in a copy of your Patent, y e King being 
present, which Coppye he sent out by my Lord Say, requiring me in y 
Kings name to appeare that Day sennit to answer in behalfe of y e Country 
y e particular forpitures of y e Patent which he had marked in y e Coppy of 
y e Patent, I appeared y e day appointed & sent y e Coppy of y e patent by 
my Lord Say (y e King p'scnf) with this answer. That I lookt upon his 
Lordship's person of Honour and wisdome and would not put upon me 
-vv c h y C Common Law would not doe, for I was noe Agent for New Eng- 
land, but as a stranger saving that I had wintered there two winters about 
my business of Nova Scotia which was before y e Council]. He sent me out 
word againe y' should not serve my turn. Hee would make mee speeke, I 
could speake enough for New England and now I should, which my Lord 
Say brought me out word. Then I requested my Lord to goe in with this 
answer from me, I humbly desired Common justice for New England y' 
neither Law or Equity could deny them, for all the Magistrates when I 
came from thence were born in this Land, soe had a proper birthright to 
y c Common Law T here and ought to have their Charge given them in 
writeing under his Lordship's hand of what lie would charge y m in y e for- 
fiture of their Patent and coppy s of all depositions y' had been taken 
against them, I conseaved there were many, and one year given me to 
return it to y m and another for y m to return an answer to his Majte & his 
Lordship, and I did not doubt but that they would approve ymselves 
faithful subjects to his Ma te and that they had not infringed their Patent in 
y e least, upon which his Lordship expressed himself, he did not intend to 
waite two years for an answer, for under y' time he thought they could not 
send it, therefore as his Ma tie had pardoned his subjects in y e laud of farr 
greater ofences than lie had to charge New England with, therefore he de- 
sired his Ma tie to pardon y m all in a lump, for lie had done ; with y ' my 
Lord Say came off y e Councill and told me all which is certainly true. 

So when I had satisfied y e Councill of all things they examined me of, I 
tooke my leave of y m and came for this Country, and having a Bond of 
two men in Boston to pay me 440 pound by 110 pound p r an m until y l sum 
was paid, and part of it due I was inforced to sue them for what was due 
to me and entered my action in y e County Court. Y e persons bound ap- 
peared & owned y e debt, y e verdict passed for me, Deacon Parkes y e 
foreman, lint y e Court would not warrant it, soe it fell to y e Court of As- 
sistants where I met with y e same hard measure, and with much difficulty 
I got my petition to y e General Court in May and referred me for a hearing 
to the October Court, where I was thrown out, not tryable — this kindness I 
met with. Soe I lost 110 pounds a yeare for above seven yeares which y c 
persons bound received my profits and could never get anything of it be- 



30 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1667. 

cause of y e General Court's order. Then in y e time of y e Indian warrs, I 
being at Prudence Island by Newport, having lent Mr. John Paine 90 
pound upon a tract of land in Mendon for two years, the warrs being 
ended, Mr. Payne drowned and y e Mortgage out and y e land forfited to me 
I came to show Gov 1 " Leverett about it who told me Mr. Payne had 
forfited it to y e Country for not coming to Mendon to assist y e Towne 
against y e Indians, and y° order of y e Council! required him upon 
y e forfiture of it, but when I showed him my Mortgage, acknowledged 
before Mr. Bradstreet, he sayd I should have it when y e County Court did 
sit to have an order to enter upon it. So I went then to my son Henery's 
to y e Eastward; but before my return y e Gov' r Leverett was dead, and I 
having a chapman here in towne to buy refused to proceed with me till I 
had recovered it by law, upon which I sent and attached y e land forlitted 
to a tryal to y e next County Court and Summoned in Mr. Kuight, Mr. 
Payne's administrator made by y° Court to appear and answer my action, 
but when y e day of tryal came, and had entered my action, I desired to be 
heard when y e Gov stood up and sayd he did not think it meete to be 
tryed. Then I prest my mortgage, acknowledged before him, might be 
read. It would not be granted. So I lost all my charges y e 10 shillings 
for entrance and before I got possession of y e land mortgaged I was dam- 
nified above 4 pound. Soe these seeming unkindnesses lye very heavye on 
my Spirit, when I think of the service I have done for y e country. And 
God having laid his hand heavy on me these 7 or 8 months hath brought 
me so low y 4 1 am scarce able to stir out of my bed, do therefore humbly 
pray y' you would take my condition into your Serious consideration and 
doe y l justice that y e law of God and man requires. And for y l 500 acres 
of Land y l y e General Court granted me, considering y e charges in looking 
it out and laying it out and y e Indians demanding pay for it of me, all 
things considered, it will be little worth to me.* 

Soe humbly desiring your answer I remaine 

Your Humble Servant 

Will. Crowne. 
June 10, 1682. 

In answer to this request of Coll. Crowne's the Councill have agreed that 
five pounds be given him at the p r sent and that it be sent out of the contri- 
bution in the Gov" hands; withall they have agreed that his case be pre- 
sented to the Gen 11 Court for a more full consideration of his case. 

Signed by Sam 11 Nowell, per order. 

July 13, 1682." 

*The 500 acres here referred to was granted to Col Crowne at a General Court held Oct. 8, 
1602, in the following words: "This Court as an acknowledgment of the great paynes of 
Col. Wm. Crowne in behalfe of this country when he was in England, judge meete to graunt 
liim five hundred acres of land in any place not legally disposed of." This grant was laid 
out 25. 3. 1665 by Thomas Noyes, Surveyor on a branch of Sudbury river, at a place called 
by the Indians Magnagaucok Hill. The present village of Ashland is said to be located on 
this grant. 



1668.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 31 

Of those mentioned as "accepted" in 1662, it is not found 
that Nathaniel Hareman, Alexander Plumley, Josiah Chapin, 
Joseph Penieman, John Small, of Brantree, or Goodman King, 
sen 1 '., Walter Cook, William Holbrook, Goodman Bolter, sen*., 
Samuel Pratt and Thomas Bolter, of Weymouth, had lands 
granted them up to the close of 1667. Lands were granted this 
year to Benjamin Alhee, with whom the " Committee " had bar- 
gained (for fifty acres of land,) to build a grist mill, Ferdinando 
Thayer, John Gurney, Mathias Puffer, John Harber, George 
Aldrich, Daniel Lovett, and John More of Braintree, and to 
John Thompson, Joseph White, John Rayner, the Minister, and 
Abraham Staples of Weymouth. Lands were also granted to 
Col. Crowne, John Rockwood, Thomas Barnes, John Jepson, 
Samuel Read, Joseph Juell, Thomas Juell, and Samuel Spencer, 
whose places of former residence were not mentioned, and to 
Moses Paine and Peter Braekett of Braintree, who held the 
Indian deed of the township. 



1668. January 27. At a meeting of the Selectmen it was 
ordered " that noe Inhabitant shall cutt downe any Chestnutt 
Trees, standing upon the Common Land, but shall forfeit to the 
use of the Towne five shilling for every tree, there having been 
soe great A Spoyle allready Made thereby, meerely for the Nutts 
sake, and will yet be more (if not hereby prevented) w ch will in 
tyme prove A great wronge to ye Towne." 

Jan 28. At a general town meeting held this day, were chosen 
for Townsmen (Selectmen) Col. Wm. Crowne, Deacon Hide, 
Gregory Cook, Ferdinando Thayer and Daniel Lovett. For 
Register (Town Clerk) Col. Crowne. 

In the early history of the towns the Selectmen were clothed 
with powers, that, at the present day, would be thought extra- 
ordinary. In fact they transacted most of the business of the 
town. 

Feb. 2. The Selectmen met this day and made the following 
orders : — 

"Wee takinge into consideration the great Necessity of Mendinge all 



32 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1G68. 

highwayes About this Towne w ch hath been so long neglected doe order 
and Appoint the Surveyors speedily to gitt all the highways well mended 
both for cartes and cattle and passengers, and the way by Walter Cook's 
house to Joseph White's first repaired, and the way to the Mill w h was to 
be layd out by those men chosen before; and the Surveyors call to their 
Assistance the Several Inhabitants of this Towne to worke, and (they) that 
have 4 oxen to work A day at A tyme, and soe all the rest doe work pro- 
portional) to their tyme, And soe to continue their labor soe long as the 
Surveyors shall see cause. And upon 4 days notice to each Inhabitant to 
worke, and he shall refuse or neglect it shall pay for his contempt 3s. 4d. 
per day for A man and 6s. per day for 4 oxen, a man and a carte, and 5s. a 
day for 2 oxen a man and carte. And where any trees are lying in the 
highways to Remove them out that noe Damage or hurt may come to any 
person thereby. And that A bridge be set up wheere the first bridge was 
formerly, goeing to Medfield in the most fittest place to be found for the 
public good and care of traivelers. " 

At the same time Goodman (George) Alclrich had a grant of 
land "in lew" of land taken to widen the road, and Goodman 
(John) Harber had a grant for the same purpose. 

This road to be widened was not the main road, now (1880) 
the Main street; but a road leading from near the house 
of Austin A. Taft to near the house of Gilbert Gaskill, (long 
since discontinued,) and so continuing through Emerson and 
Washington street to the northerly terminus of the latter street, 
and from thence to the road over Misco Hill, not far from the 
homestead of the late \Vatee Davenport. This section last men- 
tioned was also soon discontinued. 

From the foregoing order of the Selectmen we should, at first 
sight, see no good reason why there should have been any poor 
roads in the early days of the settlement, so long as everybody 
was required to work as long as the Surveyors should deem it 
proper; but, as the Surveyors were directed to remove rocks and 
trees from the road and the roads were ten rods wide, we can 
readily see that it would be unreasonable to expect such roads as 
would command the acceptance of the County Commissioners of 
the present day. At any rate, had this rule been continued, we 
should have been spared the recent outlay of seven thousand 
dollars upon a single mile of our roads, with five or six hundred 
dollars for damages sustained by a "traiveler" during its con- 
struction. This was for special repairs on the line of road lead- 



1668.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 33 

ing from the house of Silas Dudley to Milford line, ordered by 
the County Commissioners in 1871. 

At a General town meeting, held April 24, house lots were 
granted to "Deacon Hide and his son Job, with the privilege 
that other house lotts of that bigness have only the former in- 
habitants must be first supplied their several shares of Mea- 
dowes." From this we learn that Deacon Hide and his son Job 
were new comers, and that they were the first who came to settle 
in the Town after its incorporation. 

At this meeting it was also " Ordered to give Mr. Benjamin 
Aliot a Call, with his ffather's leave, and A letter sent to that 
effect," 

This Mi-. Benjamin Aliot was undoubtedly a son of the Apostle 
to the Indians, as he was most appropriately called, but whether 
the father withheld his "leave," or whether the son did not see 
lil to accept the call we have, at this late day, no means for de- 
termining. Perhaps the fact that " A Minister's house for the 
first that shall be settled here," which had not yet been erected, 
and the further fact that no movement had been made for a 
meeting house, may have had something to do with the decision 
of Mr. Eliot. 

At the same meeting, after the call had been voted, it was 
" Agreed on then alsoe by y° Maior pte of y e Inhabitants at this 
Towne Meeting that the Meeting house shall be sett on the 
highest side or pte of the land w ch is a High way neere to Joseph 
White's saw pit, in his howse lott, and to erect it with all speed." 

Joseph White's house lot was bounded westerly by the present 
road leading from Milford to Uxbridge, and extended from 
Muddy Brook to the little run west of the house of Gkistavus B. 
Williams, and was of sufficient width to contain forty acres. As 
the meeting house was to be built upon the highest side of the 
way, (the Main street now,) it must have been located some- 
where near the brick building formerly used by the Mendon 
Bank, now the Hall of Records. 

April 20. "Steven Cooke was granted a 20 acre house lot to 
ioyn to John Harbor his house lott with the proviso that, when 
(bid shall make way for his goinge for England, not to putt it 

5 



34 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1668. 

off to any but to such as the present Townesmen or Towne shall 
approve of." Whether Mr. Cook ever went for England is, we 
think, a matter of doubt, as we find his name attached to the 
settlement of Mr. Emerson in Dec. 1669, and afterwards in the 
division of lands in 1672. 

Under date of Sept. 6, the selectmen offered a bounty of 20s. 
to any inhabitant who should kill a wolf within the limits of the 
town, and they further ordered that the Constable "shall gather 
it and pay e it them, having a warrant under oar hands to doe 
it." 

Gregory Cook also had a grant of a forty acre house lot upon 
the same terms as " Deacon Hide and his sonn Jobe had theirs, 
for all things," only there is to be a highway, if need be, through 
his lot. 

Deacon Hide had the meadow called the School Meadow (the 
meadow near the present residence of Putman W. Taft,) for two 
years at one pound yearly, "in such pay as will answer the 
Towne's ends." 



' ' Ordered againe by us that all ff ences about come fields and orchards be 
Made good aud Sufficient according to law, and, if, upon vew by those 
that are to vew y m , they are not, the damages are to lay upon the owners 
of y e fences, or, if good, upon the owners of the Cattle or Swine y l doe y e 
Damage." 

At this time we find the Selectmen taking care that the town 
should not trespass upon the lands of their Indian neighbors, as 
we learn by the following order: — 

" Ordered to send to the Indian Plantation called Assonomsit to ther 
Magistrate to send some of those Indians that know ther Bounds to us to 
consider if we have Runn into their lyne, and to Alter it w th out any wrong 
to them or us, aud, if need be, to Rectifie it before the next General Court." 

Joseph White was appointed Surveyor, and " Goodman Albe, 
if he will, May Measure any Man's bowse lott y' desires him, 2 
townsmen with him." 

Sept. 25. ' ' Att a Generall Towne Meetinge It is ordered that the Select- 
men doe take care to gett the Meetinge house Erected in the Place formerly 



1668.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 35 



agreed on upon the best And cheapest Tearmes they can for the good of 
the Town; the breadth 22 foote square, 12 foote studd, the Ruffe gathered 
to A 7 foote square w th A Turret t, 

October following we gave Job Hide an order to goe on w th the work 
W* is here incerted, the Towne then gave Deacon Hide leave until! May 
the first 69 to settle with his family and Job also." 

1139008 

"AGREEMENT WITH JOB HIDE. 

It is agreed on by the Selectmen for the more ease of the People heere and 
the speedie carringe on of the buildinge that Job Hide doe undertake the 
whole worke for the well Mauagine of the frame of the Meetinge bowse, 
and for his Paynes and several! dayes work that bee shall doe at it shall be 
allowed 2s. 6d. pr day, but not to deduct it out of his or his ffather 8 pay 
for theire lotts, but to receive it as wee can Make it, And every person in 
Towne that can work, doe assist him as much as shall come to their rates as 
shall hereafter be Agreed on for each lott to beare; whose affection to soe 
good A work will be known, thereby Carringe for God's glory and the 
Publique good, faithfully and speedily to perfect it as the season will per- 
mytt." 

During this year the Nipmuck Indians submitted themselves 
to the government of the English, as will be seen by the follow- 
ing document, to be found in the Massachusetts Archives, " In- 
dians, Vol 30, p. 146." 

" To the Honer d Govern 1- , Dept J Governor, Magistrates and Deputies now 
sittinge in the General Court at Boston, April 29, 1668: 

The humble submission and subjection of the Native Indian Sagamore & 
people of Nipmuck, Inhabiting within the bounds of the Patent of Mas- 
sachusetts and neare adjoining unto the English Towues settled of Mend- 
ham and Marlborough. 

We the Inhabitants of Quanutussett, Monuchogok, Chaubunakongkomok, 
Asuhodna'og, Ressessnogus, Wabuquoship, and the adjacent parts of Nip- 
muck, being convinced of our great sins & how good it is to turn unto the 
Lord and bee his servants by praying and calling upon his name: We doe 
solemnly before God and this Courte give up ourselves soe to doe. 

Also wee, finding, by experience, how good it is to live under laws & 
good government & finding how much we need the protection of the 
English, doe freely out of our own notion <k voluntary choice submit our- 
selve to the Government of the Massachusetts. 

To the Honor d General Court: to the Honor d Governor, Deputy Govern' 



36 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1669. 

& Assistants, to be ruled and protected by them. And we doe humbly in- 
treat that we may be favorably accepted. 
May ninth 1668. 

The marke of 1 Wutusakompanim. 

Job Katteimet. 

The mark of J\ Retukhanit, 

The mark of yr / TJppehenohtuk. 

The mark of ^j Wabumahchein. 

The mark of fl Wagesuk. 

The mark of O Wussaumaudus. 

The mark of ^7 Tuhkomis. 

The mark of ^^ Papaumwoit. 

The mark of M Wullompeh. 

These have subscribed in the name and with the consent of all the rest. 

Whether the Nipmuck Indians submitted to the English be- 
cause they were "convinced of their great sins," and intended 
" to' turn unto the Lord and be his servants," or because they 
had come to feel the need of protection against enemies of their 
own race we cannot, at this late day, fully determine. When 
however we find that the eloquence of Philip soon after per- 
suaded them to confederate with him in his contemplated extir- 
pation of the English, we can hardly believe that Matoonas, 
whom the Apostle Eliot had converted from heathenism, and 
Major Gookin had made a Constable at Quinsigamoud, would 
have led the attack upon Mendon in 1675 had lie entirely shaken 
off the old Adam. 



1669. Jan. 1. "It was agreed, at a town meeting, that the 
same townsmen that were the last yeare shall be for this yea-re, 



1G69.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 37 

unless Deacon Hide doe not come to Inhabitt by the first of May 
next then it is resolved to choose another in his Roome." 

The Selectmen for 1668 were Col. Crowne, Deacon Hide, 
Gregory Cook, Ferdinando Thayer and Daniel Lovett. As no 
mention was made of a choice for a Register it is presumed that 
Col. Crowne continued to discharge the duties of that office. 
Samuel Read was chosen Constable, John Woodland, sen., and 
Samuel Hay ward. Surveyors of Highways, and Col. Crowne, 
Benjamin Alby and Gregory Cook, Commissioners. 

Col. Crowne was also chosen "to be Returned to the General 
Courte to gaine power to take the verdict of the jury upon y e 
death of John Lovett, (killed by an unruly horse), to marry ami 
to give the present Constable his oath." 

Most of the transactions of the town, in the early settlement 
of the place, like all the new towns of the olden time, related to 
the division of land among those already removed hither, the 
granting of homesteads to new comers and the establishment of 
roads. 

In regard to the land it will be understood that it was held in 
fee by those who were settled upon its soil, and that no title 
could be acquired without the consent of the inhabitants. 
When, in the allotment of land to new comers, the expression 
" with privileges such as lots of that bigness have" was used, 
the grantee acquired a right in the unappropriated lands — he 
became a proprietor. Without this expression he had no inter- 
est beyond the number of acres specified in his grant. The 
Proprietors kept records apart from the town records, and had 
occasional meetings until a late period. Pearly Hunt, of Mil- 
ford, was the last Proprietors' Clerk. By a decision of the Su- 
preme Court the town of Mendon was made the custodian <>!' 
these records. 

" The fifty acres of upland w ch the Honored Committee before did de- 
signe to Benjamin Alby about his labor concerning the Mill, together \v ,h 
y* 20 Acor House lott, and the '-20 Acor house lott that his Sonn in law 
Thomas Barnes Dwells on is to have all privilidges in the Towne as other 
20 Acor house lotts shall have is confirmed." 

This fifty acres to Benjamin Alby was laid out on either side 
of Mill River "against the Dwelling House by the Mill." The 
grist mill has long since disappeared and a shoddy mill has 



38 ANNALS OF MENDON. [16G9. 

taken its place. Lewis B. Gaskill is the present owner of the 
Alby place. 

The fifty acres and the twenty acre house lot above mentioned 
were granted to Benjamin Alby by the Committee "for ordering 
and settleing the Plantation at Netmocke," as will appear by 
their grant dated "at Boxbury 5 m . 2. G4," and heretofore re- 
corded on p. 9. 

Feb. 2. " Agreed on that the Townesmen together w th Goodman Alby, 
Goodman Harber & Walter Cook doe see that the Minister's house be 
speedily sett forward in gettinge all things in A readiness To build it and 
erect it where the Place is Agreed on w th the length, breadth, height w th 
all dementions formerly agreed to to compleat it w th speed. And to finuish 
it to be carryed in A way of A Rate w ch is thought the best way to ease 
charges and speed y e worke." 

At this meeting Joseph Stevens, the Smith, had a thirty acre 
lot granted, and which land was formerly reserved for a Smith's 
lot. 

Matthias Puffer had his thirty acre lot surveyed by Benjamin 
Alby, the northeast corner being a "A great Rocke w th A 
Springe Bunninge from under it into Muddy Brooke." Puffer's 
house stood a little south from the house of the late Daniel 
Thurber. At the same time Benjamin Alby surveyed the house 
lots of John Rockit, (Bockwood) John Gurney, Samuel Hay- 
ward, Gregory Cook and John Jepson. 

March 18. A notice was received from the Selectmen of Ded- 
ham that they intend " to Bunn the lyne between them and our 
towne " the 23d day of this month, and they had appointed the 
two Fishers and old Goodman Thurston of Medfield. The Se- 
lectmen of Mendon appointed Goodman Thayer, a Townsman. 
Matthias Puffer and John Bockett to meet the committee of 
Dedbam, and "to settle the bounds between them and us." 

Wee whose names are subscribed beinge Deputed by the Towns of Ded- 
ham and Mendon to Run the lyne between them. Wee Mett accord- 
ingly upon the lyne at the bent of the River where Lieutt. Fisher begun 
the lyne To Nipmug River and New Marked it and Raised up heapes of 
Stones according to law. 

ffardinando Thayre John Thurston 

Mathyas Puffer Anthony fhsher 

John Rockett Nathaniel fhsher 

for Mendon. Nathaniel Graves 

for Dedham. 

1. 22. 69. (old style) 



1669.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 39 



May 10. The Minister's house, voted to be built last year, is 
not yet completed, as we find by the following orders of the Se- 
lectmen : — 

"Ordered the speedy carringe on the fframe of the Minister's howse and that 
Thomas Jnell doe provide 400 of good Clapboards upon Ins owne account 
and bring them to the frame as Goodman Barnes and Goodman Head shall 
approve of, and he is alsoe to bring 312 more clapboards upon Gregory 
Cook's accompte good and Merchantable as y e said former persons shall 
judge, w th in one Month after this day. 

Ordered that Gregory Cook doe pay in Nayles in p te of his lot seventeen 
shillings and eight pence in eight penny and the rest as the workmen shall 
see best, being in full of his purchase. 

Ordered that the Constable doe take care to see that the orders about the 
Minister's house be complyed w th ." 

The Selectmen having completed their orders about the Min- 
ister's house, concluded their session by repealing the bounty of 
20s. for killing a wolf. 

It will be remembered that in April, 1668, the town sent a 
request to the Magistrate of the Indian Plantation of Assonomsit 
" to send some of the Indians that know their bounds to consider 
if we have run into their line." 

In consequence of this doubt about the correctness of the 
boundaries of the town, it seems the inhabitants of Mendon pe- 
titioned the General Court for redress, as will appear by the 
following copy from the 
Mass. Archives, "Towns, Vol. 112, p. 190." 

"To the ever honer d Generall Courte Sittinge at Boston, May 19, 1669. 
The humble Petition of y e Inhabitants of Mendon 
Shewetb. that y r Pettitioners, as in duty bound, owne w th all thankful- 
ness the several! flavors this Court bestowed on this place in their settle- 
ment w eU they shall labor to improve (by God's assistance) for his glory y r 
holier 8 and y c publique good. In that petition uppon our Settlement wee 
Informed that Court of y e very small quantity of meadow w th in our Line. 
That although a thirty acre Lott were to have but Tenn acres of meadow 
to it and so proportionable, yett was ther then three families without any 
& since fowre that have none. And to y e best of our iudgm' the whole but 
about two hundred and sixteen acres; therefore we humbly craved all the 
meado wee should find within two or three miles, yett not disposed of, to 
supply our necessities, w ch the Court neither denyed or granted absolutely 
because, as wee humbly Conceive wee had not stated the quantity with 
bounds w ch since is done through so much difficulty & changed to about 
ninety acors lying nigh unto our Line in small parcells as p> y e paper 
annexed wee show 



40 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1669. 

And now through God having good hope to enjoy the Gospel & gather a 
church by the help of Mr. John, Rttyuer, whose labors we had comfort of 
this winter & that hee will nettle with us besides severall good people mem- 
bers of churches tender themselves to come to us had wee meado to supply 
them, and all hough wee have purchased this Tract of Land twice of the 
Indians to above thirty pound price, wee are so beleagred w lli them as wee 
Interfere upon youre (other) plantations Aponomisco, Manchaug, Shocko- 
logue, Nashwag', and King Philip pretends a great share in our best land 
& meddo, so wee must mend our line, for peace sake, by what is within 
your good leave, w ch we pray. 

These premises considered wee are constrained to Renew our Sute and 
doe earnestly pray a grant of y e severall parcells of medo in the paper an- 
nexed w oh not only will Incorridge good poeple to Settle w th us butt inable 
us to carry on the publique service more fully as wee desire. 

Further wee pray that in regard as we are 25 miles off from any Magis- 
trate & beset w th many incumbrances as is the lott of new plantations, to 
afford us that succor and ease, that our honered ffrieud, Col. Crowne may 
be inipowered to take a Verdict off us w ch is about y e death of a boy, sonne 
to Daniell Lovett, y f ' came by a fall from his father's horse & y° honered 
Magistrate Lusher can inform is only to ease some very aged man of y e jury 
ffroni travelling so farre, having left their labour already the honer d Major* 
being (in) Boston: and allso y* y e Collon 11 may give the Constable his oath 
marrie and what else may be for good order, w ch are acts of grace flowing 
from you to other Towns Remote, and none need it more. Lastly we pray 
that Mr. Brackett of Boston and Ensign Moses Paine of Brantry may be 
authorized to surrender up to us or to y ni wee shall depute, our Indian 
Grant of this Land w"' all other papers belonging to this place, Acts of 
y e honere d Committee, being paid the disbursements relating thereto and 
y e Acts heere will better strengthen our Indian Grant for us & our Succes- 
sors for the future and wee shall pray. 



Aid rich Steven Cook, junior Gregory Cook 

ett Joseph Stevens fardinando Thayre 

torn off John Woodland, senior Dan: Lovett 

Staples George Aldrich 

John More, senior John Ilarber. 
John Thompson, junior 

A Particular (description) of the Severall Parcells of Meadow w oh is lately 
found, outlyinge The Town Bounds of Mendon, 

Three Acors lyinge by y' River upon which our Mill stands on the North 
side of our Lyne. 

Six Acors upon the same side of our Lyne About A Mile off it. 

Three Acors lyinge upon the same side of our lyne. 

Eighteen Acors or thereabouts bounded on the East w th A great Pyne 

♦Probably Major Gookin. 



1669. | 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 41 



Bwampe w th Run of water on y e same side of our Lyne, three acors more on 
the east side of our Lyne About A mile off it. 

Power Acors lyinge by a run of water w ch runs into the North branch of 
Charles River next our lyne. 

Six Acors on the North side of our Lyne w th A great Hill of Rocks on 
y 1 ' BOUth side thereof About a mile off. 

Three Acors upon the same branch of y* River on the west. 

About Thirty Acors upon A branch of y c same River adioyninge our 
towne Lyne on y e north side. 

Six Acors on the northeast corner of ouiOyne Adioyninge Toil by a Pyne 
Swamp on y e west. 

About fifteen Acors lyinge on the west side of Charles River, being the 
Third Branch we pass over to Metrield. 

Six Acors on the Second Branch of Charles River Towards Metfield and 
below that Meadow w ch our Lyne runs through. 

About twelve Acors upon the same River A bout 2 miles off our bounds 
southwest as we goe to Metfield. 

Of the several parcells we understand that about 30 Acors of the whole is 
taken up, if noe more, soe then there will not be A bove Ninety Acors, and 
we want neere soe much to complete the families we have already, soe as if 
we get it not some of our families must departe & the Town decayed. 

Iii answer to this Petition, 

The Committee findinge that y e place is But meanly provided of meddow 
& y' y e Distribution already made is but small to y m y' have y e most Doe 
Conceive this Court may well Grant that Town y e Meddo Petitioned for 
for accommodating such persons among y m as have none or any New 
Comers to y m . 

As to thare other desire We Conceive Collonell Crowne may be impow- 
ered to give the present Constable his oath and to give oath and take y e 
verdict according to law, of y e jury for the untimely death in y c case 
mentioned; as alsoe that he may be Impowered to solemnize Marriage in 
y e Town of Mendon, provided the ptys be residing in y l towne or at least 
one of y c ptys & this until! this Court take further order. 

As to their last request That Mr. Brackett & Moses Payne may surrender 
up theire Indian Purchase & other papers in their hands belonging to Men- 
don wee conceive it meete that they should accordingly resigne and dlr all 
up to y m they pforning & satisfying to Mr. Brackett and Moses Paine 
according to Ingagement to ym 

John Pynciion 
Edw. Johnson 
William Pakke. 
May 27, 1669. 

Referring to theire lyne Intrenching upon a former grant to ye Indians 



42 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1669. 

we conceive they may be allowed to extend there lyne on y e other side of 

yin according to what y e Indian grant take off. 

J. Pynchon 
Edw. Johnson 
William Parke. 

The Deputyes approve of the returne of the Committee in answer to 
their ptn ou 1 Houer d Magistrates Consenting 

William Torrey, Clericus. 

Consented by y e Magistrates 

Edw. Rawson, Secy. 

Pursuant to the recommendation of the General Court, a town 
meeting was held Dee. !>, 1000, at which "a full and final ending 
of all differences w between Mr. Moses Paine and Mr. Peter 
Brackett, of Braintree and Boston, and the Town was happily 
accomplished. The Town confirmed all former grants of land 
made to Mr. Paine and Mr. Brackett, and agreed that the land 
should lie free from all charges until improved by them. Mr. 
Brackett and Mr. Paine agreed "for y e encourage of the Minis- 
try," to give thirty shillings a year, each, to the Minister of the 
Town, at Boston, in goods, and to surrender the Indian deeds' 
and all other writings belonging to the town when Mr. Emer- 
son, the Minister, shall call for them. 

This agreement was signed by Moses Paine for himself and 
Peter Brackett, and in behalf of the Town, by John Thompson, 
Grigory Cook and William Crowne. 

Neither Mr. Paine or Mr. Brackett removed to Mendon, and 
finally disposed of their interest here to other parties. 

July 5. Notwithstanding the previous orders which had been 
given, the Minister's house was not yet completed, as we find, 

" The Selectmen met and ordered that the Sellor under the Minister's 
house be forth w th digged and that Goodman Steven Cook, John Gurney 
and John More w lh Joseph Juell doe it, and two work at a time until it bee 
finished and that Gregory Cook and Peter Alderidge doe carry Stones to the 
Seller w cU are digged." 

The Selectmen, it seems, were as careful to look after the 
spiritual as well as the temporal welfare of their constituents in 
the olden time, and it is believed it would be of some service, 
in the present day and generation, if "the enforcement of the 



1669.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 43 

laws" were more punctually executed now. To this end the 
Selectmen issued the following order: — e 

" Ordered by us to Readc the law to y e youth to exhorte them to the due 
& careful] observation of the Lord's Day, and thattheire parents be desired 
to doe theire duty herein for the promotinge God's glory theres and theire 
children's good." 

One Job Tyler, it seems, had "carried himself so unworfnily " 
that the Selectmen felt bound to notice the matter, and in order 
that the authority of the magistrate should be sustained and 
the laws enforced, 

"July 14. The Selectmen Mett and ordered to send to the Consta- 
ble to Summon before us Job Tyler the next fryday at one of the clock at 
Gregory Cook's house to answer his contempt of our orders and alsoe why 
he refuses to worke aboute the Selor at the Minister's house, at y' tyme y e 
Constable Ketourne his answer to us. 

July 16. The Selectmen met accordingly and the said Constable made 
his Retourne that he had warned in Job Tyler before us; his answer was 
he could not nor would come, but if the Selectmen had more to say to him 
than he to them they might come to him. Upon this answer of Job Ty- 
ler's the Townesmen (Selectmen), Resolved to make their complaint to the 
Magistrates of his contempt of several of the Selectmen's orders and of his 
Miscarriages of the Lord's day & at Publique assemblies if he doe not Sub- 
mytt, w ch he did not." 

Whether the Job Tyler here spoken of was the same Job Tyler 
who was arraigned before Major Gookiu in 1665, cannot now be 
determined. 

In the Mass. Archives may be found the following: — ■ 

Sept. 11, 1665. Owannamaug, Indian Chiefe, neere Marlborough com- 
plained of Job Tyler, of Roxbury, for cutting and carrying off hay from 
his meadows. 

Fined two shillings and six pence & cost ten shillings. 

Attested by me Danl. Gooktn. 

John Elliott certified Sept. 22. 1665, that Job Tyler had paid tine and 
costs. 

I should be sorry to lav anything at Job's door that lie did 
not deserve, but his obstinacy about digging the Minister's cellar 
and bis small reverence for municipal authority make it not very 
improbable that he who feared not to say to the Constable that 
"if the Selectmen had more to say to him than he to them they 



44 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1669. 

might come to him," would also, feci not any great compunction 
in raiding* a load of hay from the Indians. What makes the 
supposition the more probable, that Job Tyler of Mendon and 
Job Tyler of Roxbury were identical is, that Hubbard, in his 
History of the Indian Wars, says that some of the people of 
Roxbury removed to Mendon in the early days of its settlement. 
But it seems Job Tyler's short comings were readily condoned, 
as we find his name among those who, in December following, 
confirmed the settlement of Mr. Emerson as the Minister of the 
Town. 

"Ordered then that the Assessment lie made for 10s. to pay Caleb, the 
Indian, for killing- the woulfe neare the town, and alsoean other Assessment 
of seaven pounds for seaven wolves by the Inhabitants according to 
former order, which were killed and another Assessment for 200£ to dis- 
charge all Publique charges belonging to the town to y e 25th day of March 
next ensuing to be layd equally upon all lotts and not upon personal estate, 
to discharge expenses aboute runniuge the lyne of y e Towne bounds, and 
Passinge all our Grain ts in the Generall Courte, building of the Minister's 
house, his dyett, and masuringe of all the lands and meadows, and what 
else hath been disbursed for the Towne or shall be to the sd 25th day of 
March, and Mr. Brackett's lot and Ensign Paynes land is to be assessed to 
all these Publique charges as other 40 Acor lotts." 

The Minister's house is not yet completed, as others, if not so 
obstinate as Job Tyler, are still slow in discharging their obliga- 
tions for its completion, as the following order sets forth: — 

" Ordered alsoe to allow all that find clap board to y e Minister's house five 
shillings for each hundred shaven and brought to the house, good and 
Marchantable, and that Thomas Juell provide 200 and bringe them to the 
house within three days after notice upon y e penalty of 20s, because he 
hath so long delayed it; and that he bring 200 more well shaven good and 
Marchantable w th all convenient speed, being his due towards the house as 
is charged upon his lot to allow." 

We learn from the following record that Malthiis was not the 
only philosopher who feared the earth, at an early day, would be 
overstocked with inhabitants: — 

" Ordered then to take into this Towne but six more families, such as are 
godly and lift to carry on the Publique worke in y c Towne for the Glory of 
God and the Publique good of this place." 

What becomes of Malthus when we find upon the same terri- 



1669.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 45 

tory which in 1GG9, it was solemnly adjudicated would hold but 
six more families, the homes of twenty-five thousand people, 
with ample room for more. 

REV. JOSEPH EMERSON, THE SECOND MINISTER. 

Although the Minister's house was not yet completed, it was 
concluded not to defer the settlement of Mr. Emerson any longer, 
and accordingly the Rev. Joseph Emerson, of Concord, became 
the first settled minister of the town. Mr. Rayner, who had 
been with the people from the beginning, it is supposed, on ac- 
count of the failing health of his father, declined a settlement. 

Mr. Emerson was settled in true Congregational order, as the 
following extract from the Town Records will show: — 

"Proposalls by Mr. Bulkly (of Concord) to the Towne of Mendon in the 
behalfe of Mr. Emerson, his Sonn in law to be setled to him. 

ffirst. To give him forty live pounds y and for the two first years pay- 
ment As followeth, 

Tenu pounds at Boston y and at some shope there, or in Money at this 
Towne — the Remayninge of the halfe yeere To be made up Two pounds of 
butter for every Cow, the rest in Porke, wheat, barley and so to Make up 
the yeares pay In warke, Indian Corne, Rey, Pease & Beefe. 

2. ft'or the third yeare after he is settled, to be paid fifty five pounds y 
and so on as God shall Inable them. 

3. The bowse to be Made fittinge to come into w th all convenient speede 
w th two tire places and a little leanto of fifteen foot in length w th A chim- 
ney as a Kitchen Towards Goodman Cook's bowse, for Mr. Emerson to 
contribute something to it the Towne being not willing to do it alone. 

4. To gett for him Twenty Corde of wood yeerely. 

5. Then if Mr. Emerson come and Inhabit!,, dyingeiu the Towne or enter 
into office then to have the said bowse and the forty acor lott and Meadow 
to it w Ul all other privileges and Divisions Made or to be Made to that lott 
as all other lotts of that bignes shall have settled to him and his hcyrcs for 
ever and soe Recorded in the Towne Booke. This being assented to by the 
Inhabitants of Mendon Mr. Emerson will settle with them. 

Lastly, it is Agreed that if the Maior pte of the People Inhabit inge heere 
shall carry it soe unworthilie Towards Mr. Emerson as that there cannot be 
A Reconciliation Made amonge themselves Then it is hereby unanimously 
Agreed to Refer the difference to the Churches of Metfield, Dedham & 
Roxbury to heere and Determine it. And if it shall be by the said Chinches 
Judged for Mr. Emerson to leave and Depart the Towne, yett he shall 



46 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1670. 



enioy the house and land Above expressed to him and his heyres forever 
otherwise he is not to leave the Towne and his labors heere Duringe life. 
Dated December 1 Anno Dom. '69. 



John Alderidge 
John Parris 
John Thompson sen. 
Walter Cook 
Samuel Read 
John Rockett 
Sam. Spencer 



Joseph White 
Peter Alderidge 
John Thompson jr. 
ffardinando Thayer 
John More 
Steven Cook 
Abraham Staples 
Thomas Juell 



I assent to this, Wittnes my hand 



Jobe Tyler 
Willi: Crowne 
Gregory Cooke 
John Harber 
John Woodland 
Mathyas Puffer 
Joseph Alderidge. 



Joseph Emerson. 






Mr. Emerson had been settled in Wells, now Maine, in 1064, 
and came from thence to Mendon. In 1075, soon after the 
Indian attack upon Mendon, he removed to Concord, where he 
died June 3, 1080. 

, Dec. 6. The town voted that the parochial year should begin 
on the first day of January, and that Mr. Emerson's salary was 
to be reckoned from that date. 

From the settlement of the town until a recent date the Pro- 
prietors, being those who were owners of the soil, by the grant 
of the General Court and the extinguishment of the Indian title 
by purchase, acted in all matters relating to the disposition of 
the land independently of the town, keeping a book of records 
and having their own Clerk. 

After the grant of the ninety acres of Meadow " without our 
line " by the General Court, May 19th, the town chose Dea. 
Simon Peck, Josiah Chapin, Joseph White, Ferdinando Thayer, 
Abraham Staples, Samuel Read, James Lovett and Samuel Hay- 
ward to purchase the Meadow of the Indians with lands adjacent 
for convenience to said Meadow. No copy of this deed is found 
upon the town records. This meadow was afterward called the 
Great Meadow. 



1670. Jan. 1. "Att a Generall Towne Meetinge all these severall Acts 
and orders made weare Read by the Colonell to the Towne And then 
Aproved of. 



1670.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 47 

Then chose for Tpwnesmen lliis yeare, Colonel] Crowne, William Hol- 
brook, Joseph White, ffarthn. Thayer & John Harber. 
The Coll. for Regester, 

Gregory Cook, Constable." 

The only recorded transaction of the Town, during this year, 
is the following: — 

April 18. At t a General Towne Meeting was granted a 20 Acor house 
lott unto Mrs. Tappinge, of Boston, Sister in law to Mr. Emerson, Minister 
heere, w ,h all rights of the Divisions of land and Meadow to he taken up in 
course as other lotts of that bignes shall have, and to pay for it rive pounds 
in money or shope goods, and to beare yearly all Publique charges eaquall 
w" 1 other lotts of that bignes in the same pay in her shopp until she or her 
husband shall build on it or Improve it, and not to sell it to any person, or 
put any person on it to Dwell but such as shall lie of good Report and 
quality, w ch lott is to be laid by the Glebe land lott, if it fall out to be pte 
of that land wc h was once Deacon Hide's howse lott laved out for him but 
Resigned up by him to y e Towne againe." 

Although the town records make no mention of the fact, we 
shall see by the following petition that the grumbling about 
taxes is not a modern invention. The following, like all peti- 
tions to the General Court, at this early day, has the universal 
preamble, that the petitioners are exceedingly grateful for past 
favors and do not see ho.w they can get along if their present 
application for succor should be unsuccessful : — 

Towns, Vol 112^. 208. 

"To our Honoured the Generall Court at Boston, May 7, 1670. 
The Humble Petition of the Inhabitants of Mendon, 

Humbly sheweth, That as in all duty bound we desire to owne with all 
thankfulness the severall favors and privilidges that the Generall Court 
hath formerly conferred upon this poore place: Yet not w th standing, such 
is their condition, that unless this honered Court out of their wisdom, 
affection & zeal to show mercy in advancing the Publique heereof by 
sparing us 3 years yett longer from Country Rates, as it is w th us we shall 
very hardly be able comfortably to subsist oure owne Necessary charges 
Relating to the Publique and will be exceeding heavy and the means to 
carry on so small, for our Assessment is for 200 £ allready, and the great 
losses of cattle together with ye vast quantity of corne they have eaten to 
preserve life, that there is scarce a family that hath corn to subsist w t h out 
buying in other pts farr remote, to their great charge. 

The premises considered And our Mite, if it were cast into the Treasury, 
will ad little to y e Publique, yett but will to us if spared. And our press- 



48 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1670. 

ing Necessities urginge us thereunto Earnestly begge the respite of our 
Country Rates three years longer. And also we pray, if Dedham or any 
others should make their application to you to have their purchase of King- 
Philip's land, w ch we heare they have bought that w ch we have of his (as he 
pretends) w th in our bounds, that it be not taken from us and layed to them, 
being confirmed to us in our first settell', and we w th our Posterity shall 
ever hold ourselves deeply bound to pray for your eternal good and wel- 
fare. 

Joseph Aldrich Matthias Puffer John ***** 

Job tiler Abraham Staples Will. Holbrook 

John Thompson Samuel Read Wm. Crowne 

Gregory Cook Joseph Stevens Joseph White.' 

John Alby Perdinando Thayer 

John Sprague Walter Cooke 

John Rockit John Gurney. 

The Deputyes judge meete to graunt the Town of Mendham freedome 
from Rates for three yeares next ensuing, according to their petition desir- 
ing the consent of o 1 ' Hon d Magistrates thereto. 

William Torrey, Cleric. 

13: 3: 1070 The Magistrates consent not thereto 

Edward Rawson, Secy." 

This year seems to have been a very quiet one, as we find the 
only business transacted was the choice of officers and the grant 
to Mrs. Tappinge. 

Perhaps the "Acts and Orders" heretofore made by the Select- 
men and read to the town, by the Colonel, at the annual meet- 
ing, furnished sufficient subjects for consideration to satisfy 
them for the year. It was during this year, probably, that the 
" onplcasantness" between the Colonel and the Town's people 
began, as we find that it found an open expression at the ensuing 
annual meeting. 



1671. Jan 1. . The Selectmen chosen for this year were Col. 
Willi. Crowne, John Thompson " y e elder;'' Walter Cook, 
Matthyas Puffer and Daniel Lovett. 

The said Lovett, Recorder. 

Abraham Staples-and John Sprague, Constables; John Harber 
and Sam '1. Read, Surveyors of the Highways for "y e yeare." 

The trouble with Col. Crowne, which undoubtedly had been 



1*671.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 49 

for some time brewing, manifested itself at this meeting-, as will 
appear by the following extract from the records: — 

" This day Col. Crowne had a vote passed for every 35 Aeor lott t<> give 
25 shillings and all other lotts proportionable and soe quitt all Damages be- 
tween the Towne and hee. Some for it Many against it. John Thompson, 
John Woodland, and Samnel llayward did then oppose it as a very uniust 
thing and that (they) would never Yield to it; and many did decline to vote 
and many absent ; for it was a day sett to choose men for to do service for 
the town, and only such came as were capable According to Law to act.* — 
there was noe warning nor doe not use to bee the Tyme being sett from 
yeare to yeare." 

Jan. 3. The Selectmen sent to William Holbrook, of Wey- 
mouth, for the pay for his lot, "for the town had need of it." 

-Jan. 20. A vote was passed " by all the Inhabitants"* that 
Sergent Whitmarsh, of Weymouth, should be employed to 
measure the meadows and some other lands, and that Fardinando 
Thayer and Mathias Puffer "should judge of the Meadows and 
carry the line or chain.*' They were to have 2s. & 6d. per day 
"for their faithful care and pains about the warke." 

To defray the expense of this survey the Town voted that 
John Sprague and Samuel Hayward should have, each, a 20 
acre house lot with all privileges belonging to such lots. They 
were "to pay Tenn pounds apeece each of them, a third pte in 
Money and the other two thirds to bee paid in English Goods at 
A current shope m Boston; and they are here w th to pay the 
Survayor and those that assist him in the work of Measuringe 
the Meadows and other lands, and that they are to retourne the 
remainder of the pay to y e Towne in the same kinde before ex- 
pressed. " 

June 14. ■* Severall of the Towne drew lotts for the dubling 
of their house lotts, as followeth, to be taken in two plains." 
The plains designated were the Mill plain, south of Benjamin 
Alby's land, and the Pine plain. 

DIVISION OF THE PLAINS. 

1. John Sprague 4. Joseph Juell 

2. Joseph Stevens 5. Thomas Barnes 

3. John Thompson 6. Ferdinando Thayer 

♦Proprietors and others not proprietors, but having the right to vote. 

7 



50 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1671. 



7. 


Gregory Cook 


15. 


Mrs. Tappin 


8. 


Joseph White 


16. 


Walter Cook 


9. 


Jobe Tiler 


17. 


Mr. Emerson 


10. 


William Holbrook 


18. 


John Harber 


11. 


John Parri.s 


19. 


The Ministry 


12. 


Samuel Spencer 


20. 


Peter Brackett 


13. 


Thomas Juell 


21. 


Samuel Read 


14. 


George Alderidge 


22. 


Joseph Alderidge 






23. 


Stephen Cook, the elder 



The following persons did not draw lots for the Plains, but 
under the same date had lands allotted them in other places, 
viz: — John Woodland, Samuel Hay ward, Daniel Lovett, John 
Kockett, John Alderidge, Hope Tiler, William Crowne, Matthias 
Puffer, John Gumey, John More, Abraham Staples, John Jep- 
son, Benjamin Alby and Grizzel Gumey, (the mother of Joseph 
and Thomas Juell). 

Thus it will be seen, at this period, there were thirty-six per- 
sons who had taken up lots, making, with the Ministry, which 
were entitled to future divisions of land, thirty-seven share 
holders in the undivided land of the township. 

November the last '71. The Selectmen met and made this 
order: — 

" Wee takinge into due consideration the great charges that lay upon the 
Towne for pay to the Minister and the Meetinge house compleatly w th other 
charges of great consernment, Doe order that all the lotts of land lately 
sould to Samuel Hayward, John Sprugue & Mathyas Puffer, (it was for 
him to build a Meetinge house), shall be new Assessed to all the Rates, be- 
ginuinge from the day of their Bargaynes w th the Towne for them, As alsoe 
William Holbrook's land he bought of Moses Paine. 

William Crowne 
Dan: Lovett 
John Tomson 
Walter Cook." 

The last record for the year 1671 is the following order of the 
Selectmen : — 

" Whearas severall of the chiefe of the Towne made theire complainte to 
us of the great spoyle made in the Seador Swampes in cuttinge downe Trees 
and then let them lay and Rott, and others that divert into clapboards and 
shingles and send or carry them away out of the Towne to make a privett 
advantage to themselves, w ch if not timely prevented will be A means to 



1G71. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 51 

have none left for Publique in the Towne for the present Inhabitants or 
such as shall come heereafter: Wee, the Selectmen holding it our Duty to 
prevent such Inconveniences and wrongs to y e Towne do declare and order 
that for the future whosoever shall or have already felled any Seador Trees 
in the Swampes and shall not clear the same within one month after they 
are cutt downe it shall be lawful for any other Inhabitant to take them 
Away and make use of them about his howseings. And we doe hereby 
prohibit any person in the Towne from carrying out, or cause to be sould 
and carryd out, eyther clapboards or shingles or logs to sell, upon the pen- 
alty of forfeiting the same To the use of the Towne if taken, or Double the 
worth if proved after, and the Informer shall have the one half for his 
paynes; and if any shall adventure to fell downe any Seador Trees after 
publishing here and make use of them contrary to this order shall forffeitt 
twenty shillings for every Tree to be collected by the Constable, by warrant 
under the Selectmen's hands and disposed to y e use of the Towne. Wee 
have formerly ordered and doe now A gaine that in the Common high 
ways there be left standinge the chiefe trees To be for shelter of cattell in 
the heat and that noe person doe cutt any of that kinde but shall forfiett 
2s. 6d. each Tree to goe to y e use of the Towne. 

Signed by us Willi: Crowne 

Dan: Lovett 
John Thomson, Sen r 
Walter Cook 
Mathias Puffer." 

If the cedars of Lebanon have disappeared it is not much to 
be wondered at that the cedars of Mendon have failed. The few 
that remain in Mr. P. W. Taft's swamp, we suppose, are but 
feeble and stunted specimens of the ancient forest which the 
Selectmen wisely sought to protect. 

In regard to the wise and humane order of the Selectmen, 
that the "Chiefe Trees," in the highways, should be left "for 
the shelter of cattell in the heat," we find that Mr. Bergh was 
not the first who cared for the " dumb animals " if this order had 
been continued in force to the present day we cannot doubt that 
the dumb animals, at least, would have been thankful to the 
conscript fathers for their beneficent thoughtfulness for their 
comfort of a hot day. 

Inasmuch as the municipal regulations of the town, in its 
early history, were mostly intrusted with the Selectmen, it is 
supposed that many of their acts do not find a place in the town 
records. The few acts recorded in the "town book," it is appre- 
hended, do not comprise all the doings of the Selectmen. As 



52 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1671. 

yet, notwithstanding the town had, this year, for the first time, 
chosen Highway Surveyors, we do not hear anything about 
repairs of the highways. The caution about the " chiefe trees" 
growing in the road, is all the recorded evidence we have that 
the condition of the highways had received any attention from 
the town. When we remember that the principal street in the 
town, upon which almost all the inhabitants were located, was 
ten rods wide, and that Mendon was a frontier town, it will be 
readily seen that the public travel would not require any great 
outlay of labor to render the roads passable from house to house. 
The day of iron plows, scrapers and stone crushers was to come 
a long way yet in the distant future, and probably the labor 
bestowed on the roads was principally bestowed for the removal 
of an occasional stone, stump or clump of bushes, somewhere 
within the ten rods so that an ox cart could be drawn along 
without the danger of being overturned. 

It was not unfrequently the case, in the early history of many 
of the towns, that the management of affairs, both temporal and 
spiritual, gave rise to heartburnings and feuds which were not 
always allayed and settled by the local peace-makers. The 
General Court was sometimes called upon to act as mediator or 
umpire in the adjustment of these family quarrels. 

Neither the "town book" or tradition furnish any clew to 
the following petition, unless the "unpleasantness" between 
some of the townsmen and Col. Crowne, as may be found in the 
doings of the annual meeting, may be taken as sufficient»war- 
rant. 

Towns, Vol. 112, p. 214, Mass. Archives: — 

" Much Honoured 

Since it hath pleased God to cast us in y r Country and soe under y r in- 
spection wee accompt it A hlessinge from God, amongst the rest of his 
blessings cast upon us heere in respect of the benefitt wee doubt not of but 
shall receive thereby, in granting us y r favour as need shall require for the 
advance of God's glory heere and places good ; wee amongst y e rest of the 
Inhabitants of this Colony can comfortably and cheerfully speake it, made 
happy by such fathers as you are over us, who study and make it y r worke 
to advance God's glory and to keepe peace and good order over whom God 
hath made you rulers. In which regard wee are constrayned to make our 
humble addresses to you; and to bring before you, in some measure, the 
state of this poore place; for we are much like the men of Laish, heere is 



1671.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 53 

noe magistrate to putt the people to open shame for their sinns, and what the 

effect of y' may be to us you may please to judge, who hath had experience 
of it in former plantations in their minority, especially when they come to 
multiply w th your posterity as this cloth, wanting grave and experienced 
persons to manadge new Plantations, things will break forth into disorders 
w°ii is our case: wee are very unwilling to make complaint but rather 
earnestly desire and beseech that by your means the General Court might 
be moved to cast this Town under a Committee this yeare. And that the 
Committee may be Impowered to looke backe from our first settlement as 
well as forwards and to settle all things in a loveing and Peasahle way con- 
cerning any Difference y* is or may be A mong us for y e benefitt of any 
person heere or y' may come to us, w ch will be a great incouragement to us 
to promote y e worke of God both in Church and Commonwealth. And 
that yourselves or some of you would please to honour us soe farr as To be 
y l Committee, if it be not to boulde to present it, or else the last Com tee yt 
Settled this Towne first, may extend their favour againe, putting on Mr. 
Wheelock, of Metfielde in Captayne Clapp's Rome, beeinge nearer us, who 
had before to make A valid Act as by theire herein you will see, to con- 
tinue their proceedings : and this will be A great means w th y e blessinge of 
God to keepe and maintayne peace and Good order here, w ch will weaken, ' 
if not frustrate Satan's designe. in hindering church work, but will also 
give a good sound A brarde y' may invite good company when they shall 
see the care of the Honered Generall Courte, to gether w th y r selves proceed 
thus to make y e place comfortable and A receptacle of God's Church, as in 
a gloomy, stormy day wn>out w°>> wee fear y e place will fall into confusion ; 
Thus craving y r pardon for this boldness and y e Trouble wee putt on you 
wee remayne y r humble Servants and ever honored to command. 

Walter Cook ye mark ( ) of Steven Cook, inn. 

The Mark of '^ Joseph Juell Ferdinando Thayer 

Joseph Emerson Win. Crowne Gregory Cook 

John Thompson Abraham Staples Daniell Lovett ■ 

John More Stephen Cook, senior. 

May 27, 71 

The 12 subscribers are all Freemen and all the Selectmen but one. 

The foregoing petition was evidently addressed to the Magis- 
trates of the County of Middlesex, to which county Mendon was 
assigned at its incorporation. Having failed in an application 
direct to the General Court the year before, it was perhaps 
thought if they could enlist the support of the County Magis- 
trates they would fare hetter in a second attempt. By the fol- 
lowing Act of the General Court it will he seen that the prayer 
of the inhabitants of this "poore place " was granted: — 



54 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1672. 

" The Courte beinge informed, by some of y e Magistrates of Middlesex, 
that the Inhabitants of Mendham do labour under some disquiet in the man- 
aging of the Prudentials of the place whereby their welfare is greatly 
impeded and many other inconveniences do occur inevitably threatening 
the mine of that Plantation; Do nominate and impower Major Eleazer 
Lusher, Mr. Wm. Stoughton and Mr. William Parkes a Committee for yt 
place to take cognizance of the State of said place & do any act or thing 
for the regulating of their prudentiall affaires as to them shall seem meet, 
and w' they shall do herein to make return thereof to y e County Court of 
Suffolk & from tyme to tyme Maj r Lusher to appoint y e tyme and place of 
meeting and all persons concerned are required, upon notice given y m to 
attend the said Committee accordingly, & to submitt to their conclusions 
orderly made and declared. And henceforth Mendham to be and belong to 
y e County of Suffolk, any former order or custome otherwise Not w th stand- 
ing. 

The Magistrates have past this their brethren the Deputys hereto con- 
senting. 

Edward Rawson, Secrety. 

Consented to by y e Deputys 

William Torrey, Clericus. 
9th, June 1671." 



1672. Jan. 1. This day Jonathan Sprague was chosen Re- 
corder and William Crowne, Willi: Holbrook, ffarthynando 
Tayre, Dan: Lovett and Mathyas Puffer, Townesmen. 

An order of the Selectmen was read and allowed of, givinge A 
month's liberty, if the season will parmytt, to fetch Away Seader 
trees which are felled." 

At this meeting a copy of Mr. Emerson's settlement and a 
subsequent agreement that the parochial year should commence 
on the first day of January, heretofore recorded, was twice read 
over and compared with the original; and "delivered to our 
Pastor to Keepe." 

Attested by us, the Select Men, 

the Murk of WH William Holbrook 
the Mark I of John Thomson, senior. 

Dan: Lovett 

Simon Peck. 

"And for that clause w ch is in the Settlement aboute the buildinge of the 
bowse and leanto for me I doe owne heere by the 'T-awne hath performed 



It) 7 2.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 55 

to mee theire Ingagement there in and doe discharge them concerning the 
same. 

Witness my hand this 3d. day of March, 72 

Joseph Emerson." 

"Att a Gcnerall Towne Mettinge April 14, 1672, It was ordered, by 
Reson of the Neglect of persons not attending towne meettings, that, If 
any person or persons shall neglect Attending the towne metting, heing 
Legally warned, they shall pay, as a line to the town's use, two shillings a 
pece for Every neglect, with out it bee upon more than ordnery ocation, 
and if any depart the metting before the metting bee dismissed they shall 
pay as aforesaid." 

A good rule, we think; and, had it continued in force to the 
present day much saving of time would have been secured, to 
say nothing of the bickering and ill blood, (which the votes of a 
thin town meeting usually engender), that would have been 
avoided. 

With all the voters present a free and full discussion, in ordinary 
cases, would settle matters at once. A public sentiment would 
be manifested that the minority would not care to challenge by 
calling another meeting. 

At this meeting it was voted there should be a division of the 
swamps; " to goe by Lott for the deviding of it, and for quantity 
According to the Rule of y a Cmitee." The rule of the Com- 
mittee, (of July 22, 1G62,) was that every thirty acre house lot 
should have five acres of swamp, and so proportionable to other 
lots. 

At the same time a twenty acre lot, with all the privileges that 
other lots of that size have, was voted to be laid out for the 
School. It was to be located by the Ministry lot, 

DIVISION OF SWAMPS. 



1. 


Joseph Stevens 


12. 


John Parris 


2. 


Steven Cook 


13. 


Saml. Spencer 


3. 


John Sprague 


14. 


Thomas Juell 


4. 


John Rockit 


15. 


Gregory Cook 


5. 


John More 


16. 


Mathyas Puffer 


6. 


John Woodland 


17. 


James Albee 


7. 


Samuel Hayerd 


18. 


Mr. Emerson 


8. 


Mrs. Toppin 


19. 


Daniel Lovett 


9. 


John Bartlett 


20. 


Joesph White 


10. 


Walter Cook 


21. 


William Holbrook 


11. 


William Holbrook 


22. 


John Jepson 



56 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1673. 



23. 


Job Tiler 


32. 


Joseph Juell 


24. 


Mr. Brackett 


33. 


ffardin Thayer 


25. 


John Sprague 


34. 


for y e Ministry 


26. 


Samll. Hayward 


35. 


John Thomson 


27. 


John Gurney 


36. 


Mathyas Puffer 


28. 


John Harber 


37. 


Abraham Staples 


29. 


Simon Peck 


38. 


Colouell Crowue 


30. 


Hope Tiler 


39. 


Joseph Aldrich 


31. 


Samuel Read 


40. 


for the Scooll 



It will be seen that the names of John Sprague, Samuel Hay- 
ward, William Holbrook and Matthias Puffer occur twice, they 
probably being the owners of two proprietary rights each. De- 
duct one for each duplication, and with the School and the 
Ministry also deducted, we find the number of persons as pro- 
prietors to be thirty-four. 

Of the above, Joseph Stevens was the Blacksmith, John 
Sprague was the son-in-law of William Holbrook, Samuel Hay- 
ward was the Carpenter, Mrs. Toppan kept store in Boston, 
Joseph and Thomas Juell were brothers and the children of 
Grizell Gurney, Mr. Brackett lived in Boston, Hope Tiler was 
the son of Job Tiler, James Albee was the son of Benjamin 
Albee. 

A division of Upland and the Great and other meadows was 
also made this year. 



1673. Jan. 1. Dea. W T illiam Holbrook, John Thompson, 
sen r , Serg. Joseph White, Simon Peck and Samuel Read, Select- 
men; Joseph Stevens, Constable, and Mathyas Puffer and Ho]) 
Tiler " Survuayors of y e Hyways." 

The only record of any transactions in the town during this 
year, are the following orders of the Selectmen:— 

' ' Upon the 3 day of y e 1 month 73 or 4, thos who ware Chosen for the 
yere doe agre and order that all fences a bout Corn feelds and gardins shall 
be mad suficient by the 10th. of Aprill Next ethir live Raids or equivalent 
to 5 Raids fence according to y e judgment of The vewers. It was also 
Agred upon that John Sprage and John Thomson junior shall be vewers 
of fence for the uper end of the Towne and that Abraham Staples and 
James Lovett shall be vewers of fence for the lower end of y e Towne : and 
upon the just Complaint of any man after this date the vewers shall vew 
the fence. 



1674.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 57 

We doe further agree and order that all Swine shall be wringed In the 
nose to prevent spoiling of the meadows and pastures, and further that 
they shall be wringed by the 10th. of May. Next upon the penalty of 6 
pence for each swine that Is found un wringed upon the Common (land) 
till the Last of October, and If any man rind any Swine upon the Common 
un wringed then to give the owners notis and If the said owners do not 
within 3 days wring them they shall forfit 6 penc for each swine, one half 
to the Informer the other to y e use of the Towne. This order was pub- 
lished and aproved by the Towne." 

It will be remembered that Col. Orowne was appointed by the 
General Court, in 16G9, to administer the oath to the Constable, 
take the "virdect" of the jury in the case of John Lovett, who 
was killed by falling from a horse, and to solemnize marriages. 
His authority was to continue until the Court should take fur- 
ther order. 

It is supposed that, at this time, Col. Crowne had left or was 
about leaving the town. His frequent or continued absence was 
the occasion, quite probably, for the passage of the following- 
order of the General Court: — 

"At a General Court held May 7, 1673. There being no magistrate 
neere Medrield or Mendon, upon the motion of the Inhabitants of Mendon 
that some course may be taken for their ease and relief, it is ordered that 
Mr. Ralph Wheelock, of Medfield, shall & hereby is appointed to administer 
oathes to witnesses in or of either place, as also to solemnize marriage 
between persons belonging to either Towne, legally published, till the 
Court shall take further order." 



1674. " Att a Generall Towne Meteing held att Mendon upon 
the first day of Janerery sixteen hundered seventy and fower, 
The Towne Chose for the towns men for the yere Insuing Dea. 
Stephen Cook, Danill Lovet, Farthenando Thayer, John Har- 
ber and John Thompson, junior, Richard Post, Constable, 
Mathyas Puffer and Job Tiler, Survayors of hy ways." 

INN KEEPER CHOSEN. 

"John Thompson, senior, Chosen for to kepe an ordenery and publique 
Hous of Inter tainement. " 

This was the first public house in Mendon, and was located 
near the homestead of the late Hon. Charles C. P. Hastings. 



58 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1674. 

At this meeting the town sold to Ferdinando Thayer twelve 
acres of land for five pounds and fifteen shillings. This money 
he was to pay to Samuel Read, for which sum said Read engaged 
to record all the lands granted to the Inhabitants whether by the 
" Hon d Committee " or the town, including "the severall pro- 
portions granted to be Laid out ate present," the inhabitants 
promising to bring in the return of the lands "In faire wright- 
inge under the Survayer's hand to the said Read." This was 
the beginning of what are known as the Proprietors' Records. 

It was, at this meeting, voted to have a second Division of 
Meadow, four acres to a forty acre lot and other lots propor- 
tional; and if, upon one day's notice, any one should neglect to 
attend the Surveyor "he shall Luse his turn and the next man 
shall take his place." 

April 6, '74, the Selectmen had full power " to act in all pru- 
dential affairs for the good of the Towne," except in the dispo- 
sition of land. 

15, 5, 1674. At a Generall Towne Meeting Daniel Lovett was 
chosen " Clark of the Writs." 

Samuel Read was chosen "Clerk of the Town of Mendham." 

On the same day "ther was a vote passed that all the Land 
that Lies between the Mill River and Muddy Brook shall Lye 
for perpetuall comon for the towne except it be that Land all 
Ready granted. " 

Although we gather nothing from the records of the town in 
regard to any intestine troubles, except the difficulty with Col. 
Crowne, the following extract from the Colonial Records, Vol. 
5, pp. 5, 25 and 26, show that the inhabitants were not exempt 
from occasional dissentions in the management of their civil 
affairs, but had fallen into "doubtful disputations" in regard to 
ecclesiastical matters : — 

"The Court being sencible of the great distractions of the towne of 
Mendon, judge it most in order to a comfortable composure thereof to 
order that Edward Tyng, Esq 1 ", Mr. Wm Parkes, Capt. Daniel Fisher & 
Mr. Joseph Dudley shall be & hereby are appointed a comittee, and so fully 
impowred to repaire to Mendon & to call all parjes before them, and on a 
full hearinge and examination of their differences, to compose and setle the 
same ; they- or the majo 1 " part of them whereof M r Tyng to be one, who is 
to apoiut y e time of meeting, making their returne to this Court." 



1674.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 59 



It will be remembered that in 1671, upon the petition of some 
of the inhabitants of Mendon, the General Court ordered Maj. 
Lusher, Mr. Stoughton and Mr. Parkes "to take cognizance of 
the state of said place/' and make return of their doings to the 
County Court of Suffolk. It is presumed that Maj. Lusher and 
his associates did not accomplish all that was hoped for by their 
mission of peace. Their diplomacy may have succeeded in 
establishing a truce for the time, but the difficulties were not 
wholly healed. Hostilities again broke out and, for their "com- 
fortable composure," the General Court chose a new Committee 
as before named, and said Committee, Oct. 7, 1674, made the 
following report: — 

" In pursuance of an order of the General Court, dated 27th 3 mo, 1674, 
appoynting us subscribers to take cognizance of certaine matters of differ- 
ence in the towne of Mendon, & make returne to this Court, wee repajed 
to the place 13. 5th, 1674, when, being no considerable appearance of the 
inhabitants a warrand, issued out, comanding their appearance at eight 
of the clock in y e next following day, when they generally appeared ; & 
though there seemed great dissatisfaction & differenc betweene severall of 
them refferring to church matters as well a civil, yet after large hearing & 
discourses betweene themselves & from the comittee, the third after our 
appearance, & upon determination of severall differences by ourselves & 
read vnto them there appeared real remorse in severall of them, & vniversal 
thankfullnes for our pajnes and labour; their church differences were con- 
cluded by mutual confessions, appointing a solemn fast & sacrement, 
which afterward were mutually and peaceably attended ; their civil differ- 
ences were concluded by regulating the manner of voating, and appointing 
voaters & choice of officers. Other matters of difference were publiquly, 
at the same tjme, set in order of peace & refferred some to ourselves, 
which since are issued to mutual satisfaction ; & by severall discourses & 
letters from them, since our returne, wee understand not of the remainders 
of any old differences or arising of any new disturbances vnless it be some 
particular disturbance from some strangers of Providence* winch were ap- 
prehended and vnder bond of appearance at the next County Court, which 
Court, wee doubt not, will take effectuall order w th them to prevent further 
disturbance among them. 

Wm. Parkes, 
Edward Tyng, 
Joseph Dudley, 
Daniel Fisher." 

July 8. At a town meeting held this day it was voted "that 
thos that coold make it apeere thay had wrongs In ther devition 

* Squatters near Shokologne Pond. 



60 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

of meadow all Redy Laid out should have sattisfactiou In the 
next devition of meadow." This vote was also confirmed before 
the "Hon 4 : Committee." 

Sept. 4, 1(374. "A Loving agrement between the Colonell 
and ourselves, heretofore recited," was, without doubt, brought 
about by the advice of Mr. Parkes' Committee. 

Job Tiler, it will be remembered, was called to an account by 
the Selectmen in 1672 for contempt of their orders and for cer- 
tain miscarriages on the Lord's day. Proving contumacious, he 
was warned that charges would be preferred against him to the 
Magistrates. The probability is that Job did not find himself 
comfortable under the ban of the Selectmen, and so, remember- 
ing that sometimes discretion is the better part of valor, surren- 
dered upon their own terms, as will be seen by the following 
record : — 

" Whereas their has been complaint against Job Tiler, hertofore recorded, 
he has given satisfaction for that ofence." 

It seems that, up to this time, there was. some uncertainty 
about the bounds of the town, as we find, under date of Oct. 18, 
that Matthias Puffer was sent to Natick "to fech " John Ana- 
wasanauke to show the boundaries of the land he sold to Moses 
Paine and Peter Brackett. 

The laying out the Schoolmasters' home lot, between John 
Aldrich's house lot and the ten rod highway that leads to the 
Mill, closes the transactions of the town for the year. 



1675. The record of this year is taken up with the recital of 
a single transaction: — 

" Att a generall Towne Meetting May the sixt day 1675 the Towne bar- 
gained and sold unto Mathias Puffer a tract of land Lieing between John 
Bartlett's hous lot and the Mill and also twenty akers of land In som other 
place where he shall choose, and for the said Tracts of land Matthias Puffer 
doth Ingage to carry on and to mannigge the work of the Towne In settel- 
ling the bounds and preambellations of the said Towne att the Generall 
Courte or Corts as ned may Require untill it be seteled unto us by the 
houered Cort and allso to pay and bare all the Charges that may be de- 
manded or may be needful or necessary upon the said a Count and allso 
to free the said towne from all dewes or demands upon the said a count." 



1675.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 61 



No record of any choice of officers is found, and as the above 
record is dated in May, it is presumed that the old officers held 
over. At any rate, we shall see, by the following record, that 
Samuel Read, who was chosen Town Clerk in 1074, signed him- 
self as Town Clerk in 1G75. 

It must be borne in mind that it was the time of King Philip's 
war, and that, of course, the country would be filled with the 
rumors of Indian depredations and murders. It was not strange, 
Ave think then, that so little attention was paid to ordinary 
municipal affairs; especially, when we find that Mendon was to 
be the first town within the Massachusetts Colony that was to be 
attacked by the Indians, and which actually occurred on the 
14th of July. 

The only other record for 1675 is the following: — 

" To the Selectmen of Mendon : Theas are to Iuforme you by us Wil- 
liam ffletcher and John Burge, both of us of the towne of Chellmsford, 
apoiuted by the Corts order to be gardians to the child of the widdow Gur- 
ney that was and Last of all wife to the a hove said John Burge, she being 
of a sound understanding did will unto her son Joseph Juell all that A 
Commodation that was there at the Towne of Mendon, Laid and given 
unto her the said widdow Gurney, with all the apurtenances and priveledges 
In any wise apertaining or be longing there unto, upon this condition that 
the said Joseph Juell do pay to Nathaniel Juell and Mercy Juell fifteen 
pound and Sherrabya Reby tenn pounds. Our desire and request is unto 
the Select men of the said towne of Mendon that ye would Record the said 
a Commodation to Joseph Juell for his security. 

Witness our hands Chelmsford this 5 of the 4 month 1675. 

William ffletcher 

John Burge." 

"This is a true Coppy of the lettre sente from William ffletcher and John 
Burge to the Select men of Mendon and now Recorded by y r order 21, 4 
month 1675 

as Atest Samuel Read." 

This widow Gurney, ''last of all the wife of John Burge/' 
was first the wife of Thomas Jewell, of Braintree. Thomas 
Jewell was probably born in England; as, on the 24th of the 2d 
month, 1639, he had land granted him at Mount Miller, after- 
wards Braintree. He then had a wife and one child. He died 
in 1654, and administration was granted to his widow, Grisell, 
July 21, 1054. In 1655 she married Humphrey Griggs, and 



62 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

Aug. 18, 1657, was appointed administratrix on his estate. 
Here the " Jewell Register " leaves her. In 1664 she was in 
Mendon, with her two sons, Thomas and Joseph Juell, as the 
widow Grurney. By her will we learn that she married John 
Burge for her fourth husband. 

Of King Philip's war, which commenced within the bounds of 
the Massachusetts Colony, by an attack on Mendon July 14, 
1675, the records of the town do not furnish a single item of 
intelligence. An hiatus of five years in the town records, cover- 
ing the period from 1675 to 1680, is the only evidence that 
anything unusual had occurred. Not a single entry is found 
indicating the fact of an Indian war. The first volume of the 
town records were carefully preserved during the abandonment 
of the town, but still not a solitary entry was made in explana- 
tion of the fact. Passing strange is it that the Town Clerk, 
who must have known very many interesting facts, should have 
neglected to record a single one. 

Of the names of the slain in the attack upon the town none 
are now known, except the wife and child of Matthias Puffer. 
These were discovered by the compiler of these annals in 1859, 
while searching for materials of this history among the archives 
of the State at Boston. 

Among the contemporary historians of King Philip's war we 
find no special account of the assault on Mendon, Hutchinson, 
in his history of Massachusetts, p. 291, says the Nipnet or Nip- 
muck Indians killed four or five people at Mendon, in Massa- 
chusetts Colony, the 14th of July." Mather, in his Magnalia, 
p. 488, says "the rest were dispatched unto the relief of Men- 
ham, where, about July 14, the Nipmuck Indians, another 
nation of those who were well wishers to Philip's designs, began 
to PMllippize in barbarous murders." In another place, p. 493, 
he says "deserted Mendham was, this winter, (1675-6) laid in 
ashes." In a foot note, p. 294 of Hutchinson, maybe found 
the following extract from a Letter to London: "Sept. 23, 1675, 
an alarm was made in the town of Boston, about 10 in the morn- 
ing, 1200 men were in arms before eleven and all dismissed 
before twelve. One that was on guard, at Mendon 30 miles off, 
got drunk and fired his gun, the noise of which alarmed his 
neighbors, and soon spread to Boston." 



1675,] ANNALS OF MENDON. 63 

Undoubtedly there was an alarm at Boston, but that the 
report of a musket could be heard by the nearest neighbor, 
fifteen miles off, at Medfield or Wrentham, seems rather 
apocryphal. But somehow the news of the attack on the 
town got to Boston during the day or night following, as we 
find, Vol. 67, p. 225, Military Archives: "At a Meeting of the 
Governor and Council 15th. July, 1675, an Order in nature of a 
Avarrant to Capt. Isaack Johnson forthwith to march out w th 
soldiers listed according to y e orders of y e Major Gen !I as also 
with such others from Boston sent him to relieve Mendon and 
Wrentham. E. E. S." 

This outbreak of the Indians was not, it seems, entirely unex- 
pected, as we find, Vol. 67, p. 213, Military Archives: — 

"At a meeting of y e Governor & Councill, July 13, 1675. 
For securing o r frontier towns in the County of Suffolk, it is Ordered 
that y e maior of the Regiment send forth his order to the respective com- 
mittees of the Militia in y e Shire to provide twelve men to be furnished 
with amies and ammunition and victuall for a weeke to join 5 or 6 Indians 
(our friends) to bee provided by Capt. Gookin. This party are ordered to 
scoute and range in the woods from Mendon to Hingham ; and, if they rind 
any armed Indians, to sease and disarm them, and if the number of such 
Indians are too many for them to ingage withal, then they are to hasten to 
the next towne and give information. It is further ordered that the Com- 
mittee of militia of Roxbury make provision of victuall and ammunition 
what is necessary to supply those Indians from time to time, and to keepe 
account thereof which the Treasurer of the country is ordered to pay: 
these twelve Englishmen are to be divided into two companies, the one 
halfe to scoute one weeke & the other halfe another weeke successively, 
accompanied with the Indians aforesaid ; the Major to appoint a time when 
they shall begin their motion & appoint the place of Rendezvous & this 
order to continue in force untill the Generall Court or Councill take other 
order. 

past July 13. 1675 

Edw. Rawson, Secy." 

Military Archives, Vol. 67, p. 221. 

"Mr. John Touton yours of 22d instant received before sunset, and 
thereupon you are hereby Impowered And Authorized forthwith to require 
Peter Sympkins and Isaac Pratt to attend you with all diligence for the 
relief of the wounded; that in case of their refusal, you are required, by 
the Constable, then forthwith to send them to Capt. Hudson, who is hereby 
required to send them to Boston to Appeare before the Gov and Councill 



64 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

to answer their neglect, in which case the Inhabitants of or 

the authority of that town are hereby required to affoord the Chirurgeon 
assistance in such respect. 
Dated in Boston this 22 July 1675 

Edward Rawson, Secy. By Order of the Councill." 

This Dr. Touton was a refugee from France, as will be seen 
by the following extract from Vol. 4, Part 2, p. 67, of the Colo- 
nial Records: — 

" In answer to the peticon of John Touton, of Rochell, in France, doctor 
Chirurgeon, in behalf of himself and others, that himself & other Protest- 
ants, inhabitants of Rochelle, who, for their religion's sake, are outed and 
expelled from their habitations & dwellings &c. might have libaty to come 
hither here to iuhabitt &c. as in sd peticon on rile appeares, the Court 
judgeth it meete to graunt this peticon." 

GARRISON AT MENDON. 

" 26 July 1675. the Councill met. 
The Councill, on perusing a letter of Capt. Prentice & Capt. Johnson, 
Dated 22d. day of July 1675, judged it meet to order Capt. Prentice and 
his Troope be presently called home & y k Capt. Johnson w th his souldiers 
be also sent to returne leaving of his foot souldiers and the scoute 

to remayne as a Guard to Mendon, and of his ffoote at Wrentham 

as their guard, Referring it to the said Captain to consult w th the Sarjent 
or other chief officer of each Towne how many to leave at each Towne 
with their Arms complete, and they to remayne till further order." 

Although the following order has no particular reference to 
the affairs of Mendon, still, as Mendon was in the midst of the 
Nipmuck Tribe, and, as we shall see, their fealty uncertain, the 
imminence of a second attack is regarded as a sufficient reason 
for its insertion. 

Military Archives, Vol. 67, p. 228. 

Boston July 27, 1675. 

The Councill being informed that the Narragansett Indians are come 
down with about one hundred men into the Nipmuck country, 

Do order you, Capt. Edward Hutchinson, to take with you Captain 
Thomas Wheeler and his party of horse, with Ephraim Curtis for a guide, 
and a sufficient interpreter, and forthwith to repaire into those parts and 
there labor to get a right understanding of the motions of the Narragansett 
Indians & of y e Indians of Nipmuck; and for that end to demand of ye 
leaders of y e Narragansett Indians an account of y e grounds of their march- 
ing into y e country, and require to understand the order of their Sachems. 



1675] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 65 



And iilso to demand of the Nipmuck Indians why they have not sent down 
their Sagamore, according to their promise unto our Messenger, Ephraim 
Curtis. 

And further let them know y' wee are informed that there are some 
among them that have actually joined with our enemies in the murder and 
spoyle made upon the English hy Philip: And that Mattoonas and his 
complices who murdered and robbed our poeple at Mendon are now among 
them. And that we require them to deliver up to you or forthwith bring 
to us these our enemies, otherwise wee must look at y m to be no friends to 
us, but ayders aud abettors: And in prosecution of this affayre if you 
should meet with any Indians that stand in opposition to you or declare 
themselves to be your enemy, then you are ordered to ingage with them (if 
you see reason' for it) and endeavour to reduce them by force of arms." 

Before this time the Apostle Eliot had organized bands of 
praying Indians at Waentug, (now Uxbridge) Hassanamisco, 
(Grafton) and at other places. In view, probably, of their 
belief that some of the Indians had been truly converted to 
Christianity and fearing they might be ill treated should they 
refuse to side with Philip, Mr. Emerson, the then minister of 
Mendon and others, petitioned the Governor and Council to 
allow some of these praying Indians of Hassanamisco to remove 
to Mendon, as well " for the security of the Indians as the Eng- 
lish," as will appear by the following action of the Governor and 
Council: — 

" At a meeting of the Council held at Boston Sept. 17, 1675. 

Upon the motion and request of Mr. Emerson, Minister and Ferdinando 
Thaire, husbandman, messengers sent to the Councill from the Towne of 
Mendon, in the County of Suffolk, declaring their willingness in behalf of 
said Towne, that the Praying Indians, Belonging to the Church and Towne 
of Hassanamisco and such other civil Indians that shall joyn with that com- 
pany, being accepted and approved by the English of Mendon, shall and 
may be admitted to live and sojourn in said Towne among the English and 
build a fort there neere or about the house of the said Thaire, and then to 
continue this winter or longer, if the English & Indians agree to it and the 
Councill approve thereof, which course is conceived will conduce both for 
the security of the English and Indians in these dangerous times. 

The Councill having considered of this motion and desire of Mendon do 
allow and aprove thereof and do order the said Indians (who have mani- 
fested their consent) to remove thither with their families as soon as they 
have gathered their corn and provisions any order to the contrary hereof 
respecting these Indians notwithstanding; and it is further ordered that 
Seriant White and Ferdinando Thaire, with the advice of Mr. Emerson, 
9 



66 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

shall so inspect the said Indians and look to them that they may not do 
any wrong to the English, or sustain any wrong or prejudice from the 
English, and furthermore if it be thought expedient, by the said Committee 
above mentioned to employ and incourage the said Indians, or any of them, 
to range and scoute in the woods to discover and surprise or destroy any 
of our skulking enemies, the Councill do order and appoint the said Com- 
mittee always to send some one or more English man or men in their 
company both for the preservation of the Indians from danger, by any of 
our forces as also to see that the said Indians demean themselves truly 
and faithfully to the English interest. 

And for the accomplishment of the ends aforesaid it is ordered by the 
Councill that Lief tenant Rudduck and the rest of the Committee of Militia 
of Marlborough do forthwith deliver unto the above said Serjent White or 
Ferdinando Thaire, or such other Englishmen as they shall send in the 
company of some of those Indians, for all the arms and ammunition seased 
by them of Marlborough, belonging to these Indians, which arms and am- 
munition shall be kept and Improved for the use and defence of the sd 
Indians, the owners of them, and of the English among whom they 
sojourne at Mendon. 

past by ye Councill 

E. R. Sec." 

All this negotiation came to naught, as we learn that the 
Indians soon after this deserted Hassanamisco, and, most proba- 
bly, many of them cast in their fortunes with Philip. 

The following letters and orders of Council, with the petition 
of "Mathyas Puffer," so far as can be ascertained, furnish all that 
is known of the history of Mendon for the year 1675. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 67, p. 276. 

" From Mendon y e 1st of Oct. 1675. 
Honer d Goviner & Counsell 

These are to certify to your worshipps that Capt. Gorum with myself 
and our soldiers of both companies are in good heath at pt. through 
mercy. 

And to give your Honor an account of our severall marches, first we came 
to Mendum on the sixt day of the weeke at night, being the 24th. of Sep- 
tember and on the 25th. day we marched from Mendum unto Hassanamesitt 
(Hassanamisco) hoping there to have had a Indian for our guide butt the 
Indians were all gone from thence and wee thereby disappointed of our 
expectations, on the next day wee marched to Pachachoag where we found 
a field of corne and well fenced, which wee did not think convenient to 
destroy, concluding, for aught we knew, some of the neerest Inhabitants 
would be willing to save it, but we could not find any Indians, neither the 
signe of any being there of late, and wee marched from thence to Man- 



1675.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. G7 



choag and Chabanamaguncok where we found some Corne fields and some 
wiggwams, corn and wiggwams wee burnt and destroyed, but could not 
find any of our enemies which was a great discouragement to us, having 
taken so much paynes to find them. Then we returned and marched to 
an Indian Plantation called Shockologue where we could not find any 
Indians, butt a considerable quantity of good Corn which we did not destroy 
butt preserved itt at the request of some of Mendum who think to fetch it 
home for themselves, and from thence wee came to Mendum on the 30th of 
September. Now, seeing, in all our marches, wee find no Indians wee 
verily think that they are drawne to gather into grate bodyes fair Remote 
from these parts. 

If your Honers please to send us on any further service I hope we shall 
nott be unwilling butt forward to doe our uttermost endeavour withall, 
desiring that you would be pleased to add unto our number seeing thatt, 
besides the Garrison men which must be left here in Garrison, wee have 
but 30 men besides myselfe, Capt. Gorum being on his march to Mount 
Hope ; and, if wee goe further wee desire wee may have a Surgeon and 
sum others that may be acquainted with the woods where you shall send 
us, the want of which hath been a discouragement to our men. 

And as for the towne of Mendum I am desired to commend the desolate 
condition of them to your Honers. Severall of these Inhabitants being 
Removed from thence and those in Garrison being butt poor herpes in 
divers Respects, and in number butt 12 men with their ams very defective. 
This plantation is very Remotte and therefore soe much the more stands in 
neede of helpes. It is very likely to be a prosperous place if it please God 
to putt an Issue to this trouble, and therefore it is the more pitty to have it 
deserted by these people, who think it must be if they have not some assist- 
ance; they hope that 20 men well fitted, with their own returned, might be 
sufficient, if your honers see cause ; and further they desire to acquainte 
your Honers that y e Indians of Hassanamissett, which your Honers 
apoynted to sift down with them, have deserted their own town and come 
not to Mendum. 

And soe nott having any more to trouble your Honers with 

I Rest your Honr s To Command 

Phinehas Upham, Liftenant." 

By this letter it will be seen that Lieut. Upham (who was of 
Maiden and one of the first settlers of the city of Worcester, and 
who was mortally wounded in the attack on the Narragansett 
fort, Dec. 19, and died soon after in Boston,) visited what are 
now the towns of Grafton, Auburn, .Sutton, Oxford, Webster 
and Douglas. 

Mil. Arch., Vol. G7, p. 278. 



68 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

Mendum Oct. 1675. 

Much Hou d my servis with all dew Respeckts humbly presented to your- 
selfe and unto the Rest of the Counsell, hoping of your helths. I have 
made bold to trouble you with these few lines to give your honners an 
account of our progress in your jurisdiction. I arrived at Mendum with 
fifty men and the day following Lef tenant Upham arrived with Thirty 
Eight men and the next day wee joyned our forces together and marched 
in persute to find our ennimy, but God hath been pleased to denigh us an 
Opertunity therein, though with much labour and travail we have endeav- 
oured to find them out, which Left. Upham hath given you a more par- 
ticular account: our Soldiers being much worn out, having been in the 
ffeeld this foreteen weeks, and little hoops of finding the Enimy wee are 
this day Returning towards our Generall, but as for my own part I shall be 
Redy to serve God and the Country in this Tuft war soe long as I have Life 
and helth. Not else to trouble you I Rest yours to serve what I am able. 

John Gorum." 



As the Indian war had now been commenced within the 
bounds of the Massachusetts Colony, and, as neither its continu- 
ance jor cost could be definitely settled, instead of casting its 
burden upon posterity, the General Court proceeded at once to 
levy a tax upon the several towns to meet the necessary expense 
of the same, as follows: — 

Mass. Archives, Military, Vol. G8, p. 29. 

"The Courte havinge taken into theire Consideration the great and 
daylie growinge charge of the present warre against the Indians & the ab- 
solute necessity there is of a further supply & recruit of amies and of 
Ammunition for the service of the Country and having also pticularly the 
present state and ability of the several towns & plantations in this jurisdic- 
tion, doe hereby order and Enact that for the defraying the charges afore- 
said there shall be Levied seven single country rates, three of the said rates 
to be paid at or before the last of November next, and the other four rates 
at or before the last of March next : the prises of all sorts of corn (grain) 
paid in said rates to be as floth, i. e Wheat at 6s. Rye 4s. 6d., Peas 4s, In- 
dian 3s. 6d. Barley 4s. and Oates 2s. pr. bushell. And the said Levie to be 
delivered to the Treasurer without charge to the Country, and such as 
make payment in money to be abated one fourth part. 

And the Treasurer of the Country (Colony) is hereby required accord- 
ingly, to issue forth Warrants to the Constables of the several towns, who, 
together with the Selectmen of the place, are required to levy the said rates 
upon the Inhabitants that they may be duly paid as abovsd. 



1675.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



69 



The Deputies have past this in steed of that sent downe by our Honered 
Magistrates, desiring their consent thereto. 
27 October 1675. 

William Torrey, Cleric. 
Consented to by the Magistrates 

Edward Rawson, Secretary." 



COLONY TAX FOE KING PHILIP'S WAR. 



Boston £300 00 00 

Salem 100 00 00 

Charlestown 80 00 00 

Dorchester 40 00 00 

Roxbury 30 00 00 

Watertown 45 00 00 

Cambridge 42 02 00 

Lynn 34 04 05 

Ipswich 70 00 00 

Newberry 60 00 00 

Waymouth 25 09 04 

Hingham 30 00 00 

Concord 33 19 10 

Dedham 28 02 07 

Hampton 28 00 00 

Springfield 26 05 05 

Westfield 11 16 06 

Hatfield 8 12 08 

Framingham 1 00 00 

Rowley 36 00 00 

Redding 16 09 11 

Brantry 25 00 00 

Manchester 2 00 00 

Salsbury 22 00 00 

Exeter 8 08 05 



Lancaster £11 16 00 

Sudbury 20 00 00 

Haverill 18 00 00 

Hull 10 00 00 

Wooburn 25 18 01 

Mendham 6 06 02 

Chelmsford 14 18 00 

Maulden 15 10 05 

Billerica 14 07 09 

Meadfield 27 11 03 

Meadf ord, 5 00 00 

Northampton 22 02 10 

Marlborrow 17 13 00 

Hadley 18 10 09 

Groaten 1110 00 

Beverly 16 00 00 

Andover 20 00 00 

Marblehead 18 00 00 

Glocester 9 00 00 

Wenham 5 00 00 

Topsfield 12 00 00 

Bradford 8 13 00 

Amesbury 5 15 03 

Milton 15 00 00 



Mass. Arch., Military, Vol. 68, p. 32. 

" Mendum, ye * * * f Ocbr. 1675 
To the Honered Councill, 

These few lines are for to acctquaint your Honers of ye Towne of Men- 
dum in y' wee who are here are Garrison Soulders Lying to y e Mercy of the 
Enimay, are nowe building of a garrison in defence of ourselves and the 
Towne, doe finde the Town pepell very unwilling for to Ade or Assist at 
y e fortyfication wich wee are about: y e Sargientt is willing butt only y e 
fences, wich are aboute itt he will not yealde y' wee shoulde Aney ways 
pull downe, thoe itt doth stan as a saft garde to shelter y« Enimy: as for 
y e Towne pepell thay are very small in number, not above 19 men at this 



70 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

present wrightinge In Towne whaireof ffive of them are ould men, not able 
for to baire amies, and for Amunition itt is very scarce : if y' y e Indians 
sould Make butt Aproach heire y e Sairgentt sayeth that theire would nott 
be a pounde of powder for y e Garrison souldiers y» are heire be fore y e 
others came up: as for the Towne's Stock thaire is nowne; the helpe here 
y 4 wee need is very great for theire is some In y e Towne had rather y' y e 
Indians wliaire to bee heire than wee : theire are A pepell soe divided that 
thay will not heire Reson, in soe much thay say if y' theire ware 1000 
Indians and Alarum should be Mayed thay would not stir outt of dores for 
to Aid or assist y e soulders, soe wee desire you r Hon rs for to take itt into 
consideration for we are heire only A pray to y e Inimy : Likewise several] 
other Complaints we have whenever time doth sarve to Come face to face, 
by them thaire subscribed here 

Edward Barton John J A Andross his Marke 

Henery L» ft Pellenton his Marke Thomas Andrews 

William W R Rosway his Marke John Roulstone 

Johnath" X Duninge his Marke Joseph Griffinge 

Likewise y e Garrison men y l Came up last Can testifie yt the townsmen 
will nott any wayes lend or sett their hands for to Make Any fortyfication 
but still are in y r same Minde for to haive all theire houses fortified as if 
thay weire all y e hoole towne heire, when theire is no Moore in towne butt 
whatt before expressed, and those Ganison men y' came up no we can 
testify y l theire is noe Aminition provided for the Towne's Stock: wee hoose 
names heire subscribed. 

Israel Leavitt Theophilus Gushing 

Samuel Holbrook John Low 

Jonathan Torrey The Marke of Richa Godfrey ^* 

John Weld Thomas Linkhorn ^\7 his Marke. 

By this time, about Oct. 1, it seems that many of the inhab- 
itants of the town had removed, and the few (19) who remained 
had, without doubt, become somewhat disheartened. Indians 
to the south of them, Indians to the west of them, Indians to 
the north of them, and fifteen miles to their nearest neighbors, 
could not furnish any very flattering guaranty for succor in case 
of another attack. But that Sergeant White would not have the 
fence pulled down if it was necessary, or that the town's people, 
generally, would not aid in fortifying the town, as is affirmed 
above, seems hardly probable. 



1G75.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 71 

Surrounded as they were, on all sides, by the Indians, they 
must have lived in daily fear of a second assault, and, from the 
tone of the preceding letter, one can hardly doubt that the sol- 
diers as well as the inhabitants were quite ready to be relieved 
from their duty of holding the place longer. 

Whether in consequence of this letter or not, on the 3d of 
November the General Court, after ordering "that Major 
Clarke forthwith strengthen Mendon Garrison by adding ten 
more unto them and that forthwith,'' also "further ordered 
that all such persons as have already quitted their habitations at 
Mendon and doe not forthwith returne, or shall hereafter leave 
their habitations, license being not first obtained of the Generall 
Court or Councill, they shall forfeit theire interest in that place, 
for the defraying the charge of the garrison soldjrs." 

Capt. Daniel Henchman, (afterwards one of the first settlers of 
the City of Worcester,) having been ordered to scout in the 
neighborhood of Mendon and Marlborough, was at Mendon 
in the beginning of November, as the following letters will 
show: — 

Military Archives, Vol. 68, p. 32. 

Mendam, Novb. 2, 1675. 
Hon* S r 

About four of the clock this afternoon we came all safe to Mendam & 
found the town in like condition, but cannot at all better my Intelligence 
about Hassanamesit. flour horses are prest for scouts to thither at moon 
rising till when they cannot with certainty find the place, and will be back 
again, I hope before tomorrow morning with somewhat in order to our 
further expedition. 

The Inhabitants of this place are drawn into two houses and in a pes- 
tered condition; and in relation to it as a garrison there are several things 
of moment to be considered of, the which I shall state and dispatch to your 
Honer with what shall be discovered as before and would have done all 
together at the return of the scouts, but that Mr. Pain tells me he has 
express order to send away a post, as soon as we came hither, of the state 
of the Towne. The which having presented as before, crave leave to sub- 
scribe myself 

S r yo r Houers Humble Servant 

D. Henchman. 

Mendam Nov. 3. 1675. 
Hon<J S r 

The Scouts, in my last mentioned, now returned, report that the old Wigg- 



72 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

warns of the Indian Towne are standing and their dores fast as left by the 
Indians when they went to their new place to plant, being about a mile 
from the other, and that in a field there is about 60 bushels of Indian Corn 
in barns, and at the new place one wiggwam matted and others begun : 
in the first an Indian had but just before them gone out, by an apple they 
found roasting and a tobacco pouch. Having the opportunity of Mr. Gard- 
ner's going now to Boston I send what yet I have, and am considering 
whether presently to march to the Indian field, or, in the night, to goe with 
some men to see if any of them can be taken, so at present conclude, sub- 
scribing myself S r Y r Hon" Humble Servant, 

D. Henchman. 



Mendham Nov. 5, 1675. 
Hon d S'- 

Since my last by Mr. Gardner, I marched to Hassanamesit where we 
found nothing more than what the scouts, as formerly, discovered. The 
Indian not returned by his tobacco still laying and no signs of an enimy 
that had been there ; but a flight of Indians, I fear, real or f eined, by apples, 
corn, nuts and other things lying up and down, besides the corn and 
apples lodged up, the first of which I would have endeavoured to convey 
to this place, by help of the Inhabitants here, but was objected against by 
some of them. This march for despatch (not hearing from Capt. Sill) I 
judged might be safely performed, and intended, this morning to have 
sent all the Troopers, being 8, and three files of my post to Boston, reserv- 
ing six files here to dispatch my first instructions about this Garrison, and 
then come also ; but, at my return hither yesterday about four afternoon, I 
received the Hon d Councill's further orders by Messengers from Capt. Sill, 
who intends this night to be at Magoncok (now Ashland) within 14 miles of 
Hassanamesit, at which place I sent him word I would meet him this day 
at 2 of the clock at farthest (the Lord assisting) although my men want' rest 
and are ill clad and shod for marching, so that I was faine, by inability 
and otherwise in my last march, to change a file with the Garrison : and 
which is more our provisions are even at an end, severall bringing not any 
forth with them, but hope we shall shift with some flesh a little bread & 
boy led corn procured in this distressed place, which, in their contracted 
room of two houses, have not fire and lodging places to answer the poeple's 
necessities and which is more their spirits, by all they suffer, work not 
kindly in them. 

I have spent much of my little time in meeting with them about a settle- 
ment for their safety, but in vane : Most say they cannot subsist if they' 
stay, and a few the like if they goe. At length they proposed to apply 
themselves to the Hon d Councill. I, being now to march away and left 
the command with Sergeant White, having prest the sad consequences of 
Braking up a Town, Rending a Church, Dismantling a Garrison and In- 
couraging the Enemie. 



1675.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 73 

My humble thanks to the Hon' 1 Counsell for their Instructions relating to 
Dependence upon the Lord, faith towards him and prayers for us pre- 
sented. 

from S r Your Hon 8 

Humble Servant 

I). Henchman. 

C'apt. Henchman 

Understanding that you and your soldiers may want victuall, the Coun- 
cill have ordered five hundred Biskett to bee lodged at Mendon & the like 
quantity at Marlborough, unto either of which places *you may have 
recourse for recruites and we desire and order that you will be vigilant to 
prevent the enemies many attempts upon those parts. Wee had notis this 
morning that y e enemy seased a boy & man and carried y m away that were 
at Peter Bent's mill in Marlborough, this was done last evening being 5th 
of November. Four of the English escaped but left the horses, meal and 
arms, so y* the enemy is in those parts : these recruits are ordered to pre- 
vent your so speedy return : if there be any thing of moment or y l you 
should discover the enemy to be numerous to give us a speedy notice y* 
more force may be sent : these supplys and directions are for Capt. Sill as 
well as yourself, to whom and yourself wee commend o r love, desiring the 
Lord to guide, direct and protect you & all y r men & so remane, 

Y r Loving freind 

E. R., Sec. p Councill. 

Boston, 6th. of 9 mo. (Nov.) 1675. 

To Left. Tho. Hinchman, you are ordered by y e Councill, by y e Garrison 
soldiers, forthwith to secure and bring away the corne on the other side 
ye r iver & secure it from the enimy. 

Dated in Boston 6 November 1675. By y e Council 

Edw. Rawson, Secretary. 

Mass. Arch., Military, Vol. 68, p. 80. 

Mendham Nov. 10, 75 
Hon d Gentlemen. 

The last night in the close of it, I marched to Hassanamest with 22 men 
mounted, believing that some of the enemy were there, discovered theire 
fire, dismounted and marched to it in two files, headed the right myself, 
the other led by my Lt. Zekill Curtis, but as we hasted to it their dogg 
gave than an alarum when wee in less than musket shot; wee stopped a 
little and moved againe but the dogg increased his barking & least they 
might draw in to the thicket to lire on us, I ordered some to lire, hollered 
and ran on as fast as wee could: my Lt. first got to the wiggwam & 
received a mortal shot at the dore: I hasted to surround them in getting 
close beyond it, expecting my men had followed, but all that both of us 
had was not above five men; one of them, my corporall, Abiel Lamb, 
10 



74 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

whose strength outstrips me, and hy reason of a fall I had in my running 
on: one soldier more was wounded & fell, his name, Thomas Andrews, 
who cried out exceedingly disheartening: them w th me at the wiggwam 
together with no more men coming up to us, I called upon my men to fall 
on & shute into the wiggwam, which no more doing, them up with me fell 
off, I cryed to them, for the Lord's sake to stay, for in retreating as wee 
did I gave up myself and them with me for lost, and it was a peculiar 
Mercie we were not all slaine, for the Indians issued out and fired on us: 
the Marlbrow man also shot but not dangerous : One of my old soldiers 
kept with me as I think, Jonathan Dunninge, and a horse so soon as 
mounted, I would have had my men ride up and fire to get off the wounded 
and to secure the reare ; but all were upon flight though I threatened to run 
them through, but availed not : some few horse kept with me & by my oft 
running back in hopes to save all I could, discovered two on foot, who 
said that they also had been lost. At our return we find only the two first 
wanting. And although this is a sad frown for I had as likely to fight as 
ever here. They soon hollowed and we drew off our horse & by the shout 
seemed to be about fifty & the wiggwam seemed to be thronged full, and a 
second hollow soon followed, some judge from a second party, for two 
other fires were seen at a distance : yet the enemy scaped not for 3 of them 
at least were slain without, besides those wounded and slain, as well might 
be, in the wiggwam. 

If the body of them draw this way the Town may be in distress, for 
divers times I have put them to severall things needful and will assist with 
all my men, I hope they will now bestir themselves. My Lt. Zekill Curtis 
is a great loss to me and have not to supply his place. I cannot inlarg but 
begging a sanctified use of this and former frowns, for we might have had 
an opportunity to kill all in the wiggwam. 
I rest Hon d Gentlemen 

Y r Humble Servant 

D. Henchman. 

It is ordered by the Councill y l Major Willard forthwith issue forth his 
orders to Capt. Prentiss, to send forthwith twelve troopers well fitted and 
furnished with arms, Ammunition and provisions for 10 days & to march 
to Mendon or else where Capt. Henchman is or may be and there to be 
under his commands and order for the service of the country. 

This past by y e Councill, 

Edw. Rawson, Secy. 

12th Novemb r 1675. 

Cotton Mather and others say that four or five persons were 
killed by the Indians in their attack of Mendon. Until recently 
none of the names of the slain were known. The following 
petition is here inserted because two of the four or five persons 



1675.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 75 

who lost their lives on the 14th of July are clearly made out. 
It will he remembered that on the 3thd day of November, 1675. 
the General Court '"ordered that the people of Mendon should 
not remove from the place without leave, and that those who 
had done so should immeliately return." 

It appears that Matthias Puffer had left the place and returned 
to Braintree without leave from proper authority. Fearing that 
he should he compelled to return to Mendon is, undoubtedly, 
the reason why he addressed the following petition to the Gov- 
ernor and Council: — 

Towns. Vol. 112, p. 208. 

"To the Ilonered Councill now Sitting in Boston, the humble petition of 

Matthias Puffer humbly sheweth: 

That whereas your petitioner hath been complained of for being absent 
from Mendon to y e diseouragement of those that remaine, my answer is 
that I departed, at first, with y e consent of the Town provided I carried 
away the Widdow Gurney at my own charge, which I accordingly per- 
formed, and since the Majors warrant to summon me to go againe, I have 
returned thither againe and have been helpful to them by procuring them 
ammunition and otherwise. 

Indeed I have been forced to return to Braintree to take care of my chil- 
dren who are left. My wife was slaine by the Indians and my eldest son; 
severall of the best of my cattell killed to maintaine the Garrison, many 
more of them I have left; my estate is lost; my Condition is desolate and I 
not in y e capacity that others are whose families are not broken. I humbly 
beseech the Honered Councill to consider my case & not expose my poor 
children to ruin, for I have not Estate to maintain my Children without 
my labor and care. To him that is in affliction pitty should be shewed. I 
think my case is the case of the Widdow if not worse. My humble petition 
is that I may be suffered to Continue at Braintree that I may be a succor 
to my children which else will be exposed to ruin and your petitioner will 
ever pray. 

Matthtas Puffer." 

Matthias Puffer's house was not far from the residence of the 
widow Hannah Thurber, and some forty years ago the site of the 
cellar was pointed out to me by elderly people. As the attack 
of the Indians must have been sudden and unsuspected, it seems 
probable that Mrs. Puffer and her son were killed in or near the 
house. Mr. Puffer married Rachel Farnsworth. of Braintree, 
March 12, 1662, and hence their oldest son could not be more 
than eleven or twelve years of age. "Whether the Council grave 



76 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1675. 

an affirmative answer to the petitioner or not • is not known. 
There is no date to it and so, as the General Court forbade the 
removal of the people from Mendon, on the 3thd day of Novem- 
ber, and, as Mather says, the town was burned by the Indians in 
the winter of 1675, under the circumstances of his case we may 
reasonably conclude that Puffer continued to remain at Brain- 
tree-. 

Puffer had leave, by consent of the town, provided he "car- 
ried away the widow Gurney without charge to the town," 
to go to Braintree. Mrs. Gurney's maiden name was Rachel, 
and before 1683 she had married a man by the name of Bundy 
and was again a widow. She was first the wife of John Gurney, 
who was one of the first settlers of the town. John Gurney 
must have died while living in Mendon, but no record of .his 
death can be found. Might he not have been one of the persons 
who were killed on the 14th of July? 

The only tradition relative to King Philip's war that has 
survived to the present day is, that the Indians, when they 
burned the town, sjjared the house of Joseph Aldrich, because 
he was a Quaker. As no mention of any Quakers in Mendon is 
made for many years after this event, this tradition may be set 
down as of questionable authority. 



Although no municipal government was organized until Jan. 
3, 1680, there is evidence, I think that, not long after the close 
of King Philip's war, which was essentially terminated by his 
death, Aug. 12, 1676, some of the inhabitants returned to Men- 
don. In the record of births I find that six children are 
recorded as being born in Mendon betwen Oct. 1, 1677, and 
Jan. 28,. 1680. From this record it is supposed that some of 
the inhabitants had returned as early as 1677. 

At the breaking out of the war the following persons were 
owners of Lots and were presumed to be heads of families, viz: — 
John Aldridge, _ John Parris, John Thompson, sen 1 "., Joseph 
White, Walter Cook, Samuel Read, John Rockit, Peter Al- 
dridge, Samuel Spencer, John Thompson, jr., Ferdinando 
Thayer, Stephen Cook, Abraham Staples, Job Tiler, Wm. 



1676.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 77 

Crowne, John Harber, John Woodland, Matthias Puffer, Joseph 
Aldridge, Thomas Juell, Benjamin Albee, John Jepson, John 
More, Thomas Barnes, George Aldrich, Joseph Juell, John Gur- 
nev, Daniel Lovett, Samuel Hayward, Stephen Cook, James 
Albee, Wm. Holbrook, John Sprague, Simon Peck, Joseph 
Stevens, Hope Tiler and John Bartlett, making with the min- 
ister. Rev. Joseph Emerson, thirty-eight. 

The names of those who returned after the war are as follows, 
viz: John Thompson, sen 1- ., John Thompson, jr., Joseph White, 
Walter Cook, John Rockitt, Peter Aldrich, Samuel Read, Fer- 
dinando Thayer, Abraham Staples, Matthias Puffer, Joseph 
Aldrich, George Aldrich, Samuel Hayward, Job Tyler, Hope 
Tyler, Daniel Lovett, James Albee, William Holbrook, John 
Sprague, Simon Peck, making twenty in all. Others returned 
afterward. 



1676. In the Massachusetts Archives the following petitions 
may be found, and are here inserted as a part of the history of 
Mendon relative to the Indian war. 

Military, Vol. 68, p. 124. 

" To the Honered Councill sitting in Boston the humble desire and request 

of John More, formerly of Mendon. 

Whereas y r petitioner, when he lived in Mendon, for y e supply of y e 
soulders under y e command of Capt. Daniell Henchman, had three hun- 
dred and twenty pounds of Beef, one bushell of Pease and a bag of three 
shillings price taken from him, as per y e account under y e Constable's hand 
will appear; as also myself and horse impressed to go to Marlborough, and 
by reason of my being belated in that expedition, so as in y e night coming 
home, being very dark, so that I was much bruised and also fell into the 
river, since which time I have been very sick and weak, being deprived 
also of any comfortable subsistence, by reason of y e present insolency and 
outrage of y e heathen : having had my horse pressed to Narragansett, with 
other reasons, y r petitioner's present desire is that he may be ordered to 
have some present pay, to supply him with necessaries in his present con- 
dition, and y r petitioner shall dayly pray for y r prosperity. 

John More 
11th. 9th month 167o." 

CERTIFICATE OF THE CONSTABLE. 

To whom it may concern, that these things menshoned ware taken of 
John More, by order of Capt. Henchman for y e use of his solders, three 



78 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1676. 

hundred and twenty pounds of beef, one bushell of peas and a bag of tbree 

shilling price, himself and horse to Marlborrow, his horse to Hassanamest. 

As atest Samuel Read, Constable of Mendon, 20th. 11th mo. 75. 

The second petition is as follows, and is to be found in Mili- 
tary, Vol. 68, p. 247: 

To the Hono ble Governor and Councill now assembled at Boston May 1, 

1676: 

" The Petition of John More late of Mendon, 

Humbly sheweth, that y r Petitioner is now attained the age of ninety five 
or thereabouts, and that, after Mendham was deserted he came to Medfield 
where he was severely wounded by the Indians, and by reason of his age is 
now disinabled to labor, whereby he may get a livelihood for himself and 
family, and having lost all his estate at Mendham, he is reduced to a very 
low condition having not any thing left to buy him food and clothing, and 
Capt. Henchman when he was at Mendham with his company, received 
from your petitioner a Cow and some peas and corn, for provision for his 
souldiers and hath not given your Petitioner any satisfaction. 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly requests the favor of y r Hon 1 " 8 to con- 
sider his age and his low and afflicted condition and to allow him something 
for his cow, corn and peas delivered to Capt. Henchman as aforesaid, as 
also to grant him a small pension for his reliefe in that little time he hath 
to live in this world, that so he may be freed from those extreme wants 
that otherwise he must inevitably suffer, so shall he ever pray, &c. 

John More." 

As will be seen, the first petition was dated Feb. 11, 1675-6. 
The attack upon Medfield by the Indians, was made on the 21st 
of the same month, and in this attack More received the wound, 
as mentioned is his second petition, and for which he petitioned 
the Governor and Council for aid. I do not learn that any 
action was taken upon either petition; although, from the facts 
in his case, some aid may hav'e been granted, the record of which 
cannot now be found. 

I close the annals of the present year with an account of Mat? 
toonas, who commanded the attack upon Mendon in 1675. 

In September, 1674, the apostle Eliot and Major Gookin, who 
had been appointed Superintendent of the Indians, visited the 
several bands of praying Indians; and, at Pakachoag, they con- 
stituted John, the Sagamore, and Solomon to be co-ordinate 
rulers, with the authority of the English government, and Mat- 
toonas, a grave and sober Indian, as Constable. But notwith- 



1676.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 79 

standing this. Sagamore John, with his tribe, gave way to the 
persuasions of Philip and joined with him in his attempted 
extermination of the English. The death of Philip soon con- 
vinced John that the continuance of the war would only end in 
the disruption of the confederacy and the ruin of his tribe. 
John now voluntarily buried the hatchet, and resorted to diplo- 
macy to save himself and friends from further disaster. To this 
end he, with Mattamuck, Sam. Sachem, Simon Pottoquam and 
Uppanippaquem, other Nipmuck Sagamores, signed a letter to 
Governor Leverett, "Mr. Waban and all the chief men our 
brethren, praying to God," sueing for peace. This letter may 
be found in Drake's Indian Chronicle, p. 131, and was dated 
July 6, 1676. 

About this time the Governor and Council put forth a procla- 
mation of pardon for all Indians who should voluntarily come in 
and surrender. 

Sagamore John, taking advantage of this, came to Boston 
July 13, and gave himself up to the English. He expressed 
much sorrow for joining with Philip, claiming that he only did 
so through fear of his life. He guaranteed, for himself and 
tribe, hereafter to be faithful and true friends to the whites. 

Promising to give further testimonials of his fidelity, with 
assurances of protection, he was allowed to depart. July 27 he 
returned with an hundred and eighty of his followers and, as a 
peace offering, brought in Mattoonas, with his son Nehemiah, 
bound with withes. A military necessity was supposed to exist 
for the immediate trial of Mattoonas. After a short examina- 
tion he was adjudged guilty and condemned to immediate death. 
To further propitiate the favor of the English, John begged, for 
himself and followers, the privilege of executioners of the sen- 
tence of the Court. Mattoonas (who had undoubtedly led the 
attack upon Mendon at the dictation of Sagamore John) was 
accordingly led out, tied to a tree on Boston Common, and shot 
by the Indians. Afterwards his head was cut off and mounted 
upon a pole, opposite that of his son, who was executed for a 
murder committed in 1671. 

Although Hubbard, in his History of the Indian War, speaks 
of Mattoonas as an old malicious villain, and Increase Mather, 
in a sermon on the prevalence of prayer, puts himself on record 



80 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1680. 

with equal bitterness, are we quite sure that the Indian of two 
hundred years ago acted under a rule so very different from the 
martial code of the present day? To King Philip and his allies 
it must have been plainly seen, by this time, that the white or 
the Indian race must be exterminated at no distant period of 
time; and is it strange then that the instinct of self-preservation 
should lead him and his followers to an attempt to avert the 
imminent danger they so clearly comprehended. 



1680. Jan. 3. The following is the record of the first town 
meeting since the abandonment of the town, when " Dea. Steven 
Cook, Sergant Joseph White, Ferdinando Thayer, Robert Taft 
and Samuel Reed were chosen Selectmen, John Cook, Constable, 
John Thompson jr. and John Rocket, Surveyors of Highways, 
and Samuel Read, Clark of the Writs." 

At this meeting no other business was transacted, but as 
another meeting was held Jan. 12th, it is supposed that, either 
there was some informality about the choice of Selectmen and 
Constable, or that those first chosen had resigned. Be that as 
it may be, we find that Deacon Steven Cook, John Thompson, 
Sgt. Joseph White. Abraham Staples and Samuel Read were 
chosen for Selectmen and James Lovet, Constable. 

During this month we find that the Town inaugurated meas- 
ures for the erection of a Minister's and a Meeting House, as 
follows, viz: — 

"Jan. 13. Att a generall Towne meeting It pased by A Clere vote to 
build A hous 26 foot in Length 18 foot In bredth, 14 foot between joynts, 
a girt hous and a gabell end In the Roofe and a Leantowe att one end of 
the hous the bredth of it; twelve foot wide 6 foot between joynts, for the 
Minister that shall first settle with us." 

For the erection of the Minister's house the town voted, Jan. 
22, " that they would give twenty pounds, four pounds would 
be paid in money and Indian corn at 2 shillings a bushel when 
it should be raised, and the remaining sixteen pounds to be paid 
in pork at 2 pence per pound and Indian Corn at 2 shillings per 
bushel, 011 or before the 25th day of November following." 

A Meeting House was contracted for as follows, viz : — 



1680.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 81 



"Articles of Agreement between Samuel Hay ward on the one party and 
the Townesmen (Selectmen) on the other. 

The said Samuel Hayward doth ingage to begine and manige the frame 
of a Meeting House 26 foot in length and 24 foot in breadth, a girt house, 
14 foot between Joynts. From the beginning to the raising of it caling in 
what helpe bee scse convenient, and giving A true A count to them of the 
days work that are done both by himself and others, and what time they 
and how they perform the work, both by carting and other labour, allow- 
ing the said Hayward 3 shillings a day for his labor and care in maniging 
of this work, to be paid in currnte pay as will pas betwen man and man, 
and to procure -him a Cow with a calf or a calf by her side, as soon as the 
frame is raised, as part of his pay. Abraham Staples ingaging to pay the 
cow if no other be procured, the said Hayward ingaging to have the frame 
redy to rais by the last of May next insuing. If help fail him then to make 
his order to us and to have pay produced to procure help, and the remain- 
der of his pay to be paid at or before the 1st. of January next insuing, and 
to take the Cow at the price that 2 indifferent men shall prize her. 

In the performance hereof we set our hands this 17th Jan. 1680. 

Samuel Hayward. 
Steven Cook 
Abraham Staples 
Samuel Read." 

As is generally the case in fixing upon a site for public build- 
ings, it is supposed that there was some disagreement in the 
present case, as we find, in accordance with the advice of the 
Honored Committee, (Eleazer Lusher, William Staughton and 
William Parke, who had been appointed by the General Court a 
committee for regulating the affairs at Mendon,) a town meet- 
ing was held on the 14th of July "to settle matters about 
the meeting house," and Ferdinando Thayer and Samuel 
Read were chosen a committee to carry the result, what- 
ever it might be, to the Hon d Committee "the last fryday of 
this Instant July." What was done towards settling the meet- 
ing house affair is not known, but, as we hear no more of this 
matter, it is believed an amicable adjustment of the differences 
was arrived at. 

Aug. 10. Joseph Aldrich was chosen " sealler of waightsand 
mesyours and to keepe the town standerds," being the first 
person chosen for that purpose. 

" Att a Generall Towne Meetting 4 October 1680 the towne Agreed and 
it pased by a Clere vote that they would give Mr. Grindall Rawson a Call 
H 



82 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1680. 

to the work of the ministry for this yere In order to his further settlement; 
and all so that they would give him twenty pound In corrent New Eng- 
land mony and his bord and a hors to be kept for his servis. Tenn pound 
of the said money to bee paid att or before the 25th of March the other tenn 
pound aft or before the 25th, of September next Insuing. " 

Oct. 21. Samuel Read agreed to board Mr. Eawson for one 
year for thirteen pounds, in country pay, at the prices following, 
viz: Wheat at 5s., Eye 4s., Indian Corn 3s. a bushel; butter 6 
pence a pound, pork 3d., mutton 3d., beef 2d. half penny, and 
12 pound of tallow besides the thirteen pound. Joseph White 
agreed to keep his horse one year for forty shillings in town 
pay. 

Edward Eawson, the father of Grindal Eawson, was born in 
Gillingham, Dorsetshire, England, April 15, 1615, and married, 
in England, Eachel Perne, grand-daughter of John Hooker, the 
celebrated divine, whose wife was a Grindal, sister to Edmund 
Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury in the reign of Queen Eliza- 
beth. Edward Eawson came to this country and was one of the 
grantees of the town of Newbury as early as 1637. He was the 
first Town Clerk there, and held that office by successive annual 
elections until 1649, when he was elected Secretary to the Colony. 
This office he continued to hold until the usurpation of the 
Government by Sir Edmund Andross, in 1686, when Eandolph 
succeeded him. Mr. Eawson, on his removal to Boston, lived 
in Eawsoms lane, so called, it is presumed, out of compliment to 
him. Eawson's lane is now known as Bromfield street. 

Grindal was the twelfth son of Edward Eawson, and was born 
in Eawson's lane, in Boston, Jan. 23, 1659, and died at Mendon 
Feb. 6, 1715, aged 56. He married Susanna Wilson, daughter of 
Eev. John Wilson, the first minister of Medfield, and grand- 
daughter of Eev. John Wilson, the first minister of Boston. The 
year of his marriage is not established, but as he graduated at 
Harvard College in 1678, began to preach in Mendon in 1680, 
and the town voted "to transport his goods free of charge in 
1682," it is reasonable to suppose he was then married. 

The names of Edmund, Grindal, Perne, Hooker, Wilson, 
Edward and Secretary are, to this day, favorite names among 
the widely scattered and numerous descendants of Edward 
Eawson. 



1681.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 83 

1681. Jan. 2. The town officers for this year are as follows, 
viz: Deacon Steven Cook, Serg. Joseph White, John Thompson, 
Sen 1- ., Abraham Staples and Samuel Read, Selectmen; John 
Rockit, Constable, and James Albee and Elizer Wheelock, Sur- 
veyors of the Highways. 

Feb. 2. It was voted that, "if Mr. Raivson settle with us, he 
shall have his great Lot laid out before any others that are not 
already laid out and his Doubling Lot before any others." 

By a vote of the town, passed A})ril 14, 1G72, it was decreed 
that every forty acre house lot shall be made up, two hundred 
acres of upland, besides swamps and meadows, as was settled by 
the Committee 22d of July, 1662. The land taken up beyond 
the house lot to make up the two hundred was called the Great 
Lot and the land by future divisions the Doubling Lot. 

It seems the minister's house was not yet finished, and Walter 
Cook, Robert Taft and Samuel Hayward were chosen a com- 
mittee to see that it should be completed by the 25th of Novem- 
ber next. 

John Bartlett, it is supposed, was the contractor for building 
the minister's house, from the fact that, Nov. 14, it was voted 
that a rate for the sixteen pound " dew to John Bartlett " should 
be made to be paid "the one half In Indian Corn att 2 shillings 
a bushell and the other half in pork at 2 pence a pound," this 
being the sum that was to be paid when the house was finished. 

The foregoing items comprise all the matters of interest re- 
corded in the town records. 

The two following petitions, to be found in the Archives of 
the State, will complete the historical memoranda for the year: 

" To the Honourable General Court now sitting in Boston: 

The Humble Petition of Samuel Read, late Constable of Mendon, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That in the summer of 1675, in July, there were two rates committed 
to your Petitioner to gather, and in the same mouth the Indians fell in 
upon us to our ruin, therein some were slaine, others fled to Rhode-Island 
& their rate cannot be had. Your Petitioner with great Paines hath gath- 
ered all the said rates except three pounds twelve shillings, which cannot 
possibly be obtayned nor myself able to pay it. 

I humbly therefore pray this Honoured Court will pleas to remitt the 
same, there being no fault on my part why the same cannot be had. 
And y r Petitioner shall pray 

Samuel Read. 



84 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1681. 

The Magistrates Grant a remission of the £3. 12s., our brethren the Dep- 
utyes Consenting. 

J. Dudley, pr. order. 

May 17. 81 

Consented to by the Deputys, 

William Torrey, Clericus. 

Ecclesiastical, Vol. 2, p. 13. 

To the Hon ble Court Now Sitting at Boston. 

The Humble Petition or Address of the Inhabitants of the Township of 
Mendon. 

Much Honoured, 

As y e deplorable and desolating effects of y e late Indian Warre 
(wherein many Townes were wholly ruined and depopulated by y e prevail- 
ing and overbearing of y e Insulting Foe,) have made, we doubt not, 
impressions on y r minds soe deep and abiding that they can not easily be 
forgotten, or erased, so also have we no cause to question that you can in 
y e least wise be ignorant that your poor petitioners were great sharers in 
those Public Calamities. Our great and speaking losses (which we groan 
under to this very day) enforced us to make an Application to y r hon od 
selves formerly, for reliefe and succor from under y e heavy pressures of 
our sad & lamentable conditions : Wee then experienced both a readiness to 
hear & a willingness to relieve us when our case was almost hopeless and 
helpness also, had not God stirred up your hearts to pitty and commissera- 
tion. It was then your pleasure, much Honoured, not only to take 
our condition into y r prudent consideration, but also to make us 
y e objects of y r compassion & y e subjects of y r pious care, Ordering and 
Enacting that we should be freed from Public Rates for three years, and 
also, that all Proprietors whether resident or non-resident should bear their 
equal proportion in Town Charges y e like space, for y e advancement & en- 
couragement of our undertaking y e settlement of y e place & Rebuilding of 
our Ruined habitations; neither can we ever be so ungrateful as to bury in 
forgetfulness, much less to pass by in silence without due and deserved 
thankfulness & acknowledgments, so great and good a favor, that you were 
pleased to desire & Appoint y r much honored Joseph Dudley Esq., Capt. 
Daniel Fisher & Mr. Thomas Weld to be a Committee over us for y e more 
comfortable and prudent management of o r public concernments, that 
peaceable order & orderly peace, might be continued & maintained amongst 
us, (y e want of which doe most commonly proove y e overthrow of new 
Plantations) whose pious care and zealous pains for our best good and wel- 
fare we have largely experienced, and desire, with thankfulness and grati- 
tude, to be reminded of our former experiences of your forward Inclinations 
to pitty & commisserate ye low condition of such as make their Address 
unto y honer d selves for succor, embolden us to make our further suite for 



1681.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 85 



your wonted favour and invite us to spread our lamentable condition before 
your Honours. 

May it please you to consider 

That when we made o r petition formerly for such favors as we then 
obtained (although with a restriction unto the tearme of three years) we 
doubted not but that after we had broke through and had underwent y e 
first brunt & heat of y e day we should have been seconded by others in y e 
undertaking and that mpst if not all of y e Proprieters, would have repaired 
to their lands to have built and settled upon y e same. But many under- 
standing that they were to bear Town charges no longer than three years 
& hoping that, afterwards, their lands should be free of charge, have de- 
ferred their coming up, so that, when this time shall be expired (which 
will be in May next Ensuing) we shall be in as bad if not worse condition 
than ever, utterly unable to carry on anything, either for y e good of Towne, 
Church or Commonwealth to affect. Your were pleased to give it to o r 
Honer d Committee as one of their instructions (and that none of least 
weighty & difficult) to endeavour the settlement of a Minister amongst us, 
who have earnestly and faithfully laboured to see your godly desires 
effected, so far as that we are att present possessed of so great a Mercy, yet 
not without fears of a bereavement in y' we are not of ourselves, without 
y e help of other Proprietors, able to procure him a comfortable subsistence. 
Wee are bold to presume that, as you have solicitously desired our greatest 
welfare in that respect, you will also endeavour the continuance of it & not 
suffer us to be bereaved, because our shoulders' are too weak, alone, to 
sustain so great a burden. Wee desire earnestly not to be (and hope we are 
not) of y e number of those who dwell in their ceiled houses & yet say the 
time is not come that y e Lord's house should be built. We have gone to 
the outside of our strength & have so far laid aside our private concern- 
ments that our Meeting and Minister's house are raised, yet, notwith- 
standing, must they, of necessity, lie and rot for want of ability (not will) 
in us to carry them on to a finishing, unless others, who are proprietors as 
well as ourselves (y e price of whose lands is much raysed by our carrying 
on public work & will be nothing worth if we are forced to quit the place) 
doo beare an equal share in Town Charges with us. Those who are not yet 
come up to us are a great and far yet abler part of our Proprietors, without 
whose aid and assistance the work and worship of God must lye wast 
amongst us we ourselves being unable to carry them on. Many, as we 
understand, would come up and settle amongst us were they but assured of 
the continuance of y e publick worship of God amongst us by y e ministry 
of his word, of which we shall most assuredly be bereaved unless your 
seasonable authority be interposed & prevent such a fatall calamity. 

Our Request therefore is, That it will please your Hon d selves to take or 
condition so far into your consideration as to establish and Enact y e con- 
tinuance of your gracious order for all Proprietors bearing their share in 
Town charges, that so we may not be forced to quit our houses and lands 
& desert y e place, which otherwise we shall be necessitated to doe unless 



86 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1682. 

we will be contentd to live like Heathen, without hearing y e word preached 
& so entail a curse instead of a blessing upon ourselves and posterity. 
And how can we endure to see the evil that will come upon our posterity 
& see y e sad destruction of such dear relations? Our Honoured Committee 
who are in no wise ignorant of our condition, can sufficiently acquaint your 
Hon d selves with y e deplorableness of our affairs, and that it will be rather 
more lamentable (if that can be) than we have expressed, unless your 
timely favour prevent it. Dunstable, Marlborough, Lancaster & Groton 
(as we understand) enjoy the privilege we petition for, and we are not 
willing to neglect any means to obtain y e same, least we should be accused 
as y e blameworthy cause of our own miseries. 

Let it therefore please your Honour* 1 selves by your clemency to prevent 
such great calamities as will otherwise befall us & Ensue, namely y e loss of 
y" means of Grace or else our deserting our habitations to y e utter undoing 
of ourselves & children. 
And your poor Petitioners shall ever pray, 

Stephen Cook, James Lovett, 

Joseph White, Sen r , Abraham Staples, 

Ferdinando Thayer, John Rockett, 

Saml. Read, John Cooke, 

John Thompson, Jr., Saml. Cooke, 

Robert Taft, Dennis Darling, 

Samuel Hayward, Jona. Thayer, 

Eleazer Wheelock, Peter Holbrook, 

John Thompson Sen 1 *, John Dayley. 

Walter Cook, 

In answer to this Petition the Magistrates judge Meete to continue their 
late order referring to y" proprietors of lands in Mendon who are not resi- 
dent nor do improve their sd lands, to be rated in Town Charges as those 
that are present upon the place for the next three years after y e former 
time, and y e Committee of this Court for y e managing of the affayrs of y e 
Towne Continue their Care and Government as formerly. 

The Magistrates have past this their brethren the deputyes thereto con- 
senting. 

Edward Rawson, Secy. 

Consented to by y« Deputyes 

William Torrey, Clericus. 



1682. Jan. 1. The first business transacted was tlie adop- 
tion of instructions to the Selectmen. In the first place they 
were to make such orders as should clear the town from the 
penalty of the law. Among other directions they were to see 



1682.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 87 

that the minister was promptly paid, that the bounds he sought 
out and established between the common lands and those of 
proprietors, between man and man, and that the boundaries of 
the highways be settled. They were to see that the boundaries 
were recorded and that each proprietor had a good right and title 
to the land he claimed. 

Having completed their instructions the town then chose for 
Selectmen, Simon Peck, Sergt. Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, 
James Lovett and Samuel Read. John Rocket for Constable, 
and Ferdinando Thayer and John Thompson, Jr., Surveyors of 
Highways. 

THE FIRST SAW MILL. 

At this meeting it was voted to grant Josiah Chapin (who had 
bought the lot and land of Joseph Juell,) eighty acres of land on 
the east side of Muddy Brook, if he would build a saw mill on that 
stream. At the present day one would hardly think of investing 
his money in a saw mill on Muddy Brook. But we must remem- 
ber that the face of the country has become very much changed 
since the days of Sergeant Chapin. The water shed, which sup- 
plied the brook above the contemplated mill in 1682, was 
undoubtedly covered with the primeval forest. This would so 
retard evaporation that during the late fall, winter and spring 
months a sufficient supply of water would be furnished for the 
proposed water power. At this time but little remains to mark 
the spot where the first saw mill in Mendon was erected. 

Jan 5. Ferdinando Thayer, Simon Peck and Abraham Sta- 
ples were chosen a committee to " Rectifie M r Rawson's Chim- 
neyes." It is supposed there was some radical fault in them, as 
they were to be wholly taken down and rebuilt. 

Jan. 18. " Att a general Towne meeting It pased by a Clere vote that 
Mr. Rawson, for the yere in being shall have forty five pounds for a Con- 
sideration of his Labours amungst us; fifteen pounds money starling of 
New England, y e Rest in such other Country Commoditys as wee Pays 
amungst us, and, if he shall desire at a sixt part abatement of the Country 
prise as it goes between man and man ; for the next yere fifty five pounds, 
fifteen In Corent mony of New England, the Rest in the same specie above, 
and afterwards as his Necessity shall apparently Call for, and In case any 
Inhabitant shall see Reson he shall have liberty to pay all his wholl propor- 
tion in mony upon y e same abatement," 



88 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1683. 

July 21. Joseph White, Josiah Chapin, Simon Peck, Samuel 
Hay ward and James Lovett were chosen a committee "to Re- 
new our hold of Mr. Rawson for his continuance with us for the 
futer, and doe give them full power to acte in the behalf of the 
Towne, as If themselves ware present, and to Rest satisfied In 
what they doe." 

Ministerial candidates were not so numerous at this time as 
with us of the present day, nor were the people then so readily 
blown about by every wind of doctrine, consequently our ancestors 
were saved from the usual wranglings and heart-burnings which, 
in modern times, too frequently grow out of the settlement of a 
new minister. 

Oct. 25. Sergeant Josiah Chapin was chosen Surveyor, and 
Dennis Darling, John Rocket and Edward Lineford had grants 
of land. 

The Selectmen at the beginning of the year made rules that 
all swine over eight weeks old should be "yoked and wringed " 
before the 25th of March; that "stone horses," going at large, 
should be "aproned off according to law;" that horses "that 
Continually Keep and feed in the road," shall be sufficiently 
shackled or clogged; that all fences should be repaired before the 
25th of March, and that all trees felled within half a mile of any 
house should be cut up within three months, under a penalty of 
five shillings for every tree. The danger of leaving combustible 
matter in proximity to the buildings is supposed to be the reason 
for this last rule. 



1683. Jan. 1. Josiah Chapin, Simon Peck, Ferdinando 
Thayer, James Lovett and Samuel Read were chosen Selectmen; 
Samuel Cook, Constable, and Josiah Chapin and Ferdinando 
Thayer, Surveyors of Highways. 

At this meeting a committee of nine were chosen, of which 
Joseph White was chairman, " to purize the Town book and to 
see what there was upon Record that might bee prejudyshall to 
the peace of the town, and allso to take a draught oute of the 
Town Booke of all those Records that doe Interfere one upon 
another and present them to the towne, " 



1683.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 89 

It wtis voted that none but those who have allotments of land 
should have the privilege to cut trees for wood or timber or 
other ways upon common lands, without liberty from the town. 

Sent. 17. The Selectmen were instructed to draw up an 
instrument to convey to Mr. Eawson "that land which was 
formerly Common Land & that Land which was formerly y e 
Ministryes Home lot together with all Meadows belonging to y e 
Ministreye's Lott & y e Lott called y e Schoole lot with all rights 
and privileges belonging to y e same." 

The Selectmen were also instructed to appoint Surveyors of 
the Highways who, according to their discretion, shall mend the 
same. They had power to call upon any man for work, and 
upon four days notice should any refuse to work, they were to 
pay a fine of five shillings, and if summoned with a team, ten 
shillings. 

"The Returne of M r Rawson's Home Lott, containing forty Acres. 

Butting North East upon a small piece of Common Land Lying between 
y e said Lott and the hyway Leading to Simon Peck's ; south east upon the 
north side of Mr. Emerson's Home lott, Returning upon a southeast line 
heading M r Emerson's John Harber's and, partly George Aldrich's Home 
Lott ; thence upon a south west line of marked trees partly upon a piece 
of common Swamp and partly upon the north end of Mr. Emerson's second 
division; westerly and northerly upon a hyway Leading by Philip 
King's Lott to Common Land and partly upon a hyway leading to the 
South Meadowes." 

In consideration that the town could not give a good title to 
the ministry lot, they voted him thirty acres of land where he 
shall choo'se it, and also the improvement of the ministry lot, he 
to lie paid for any betterment he shall have made, "as Eashonall 
men shall judg " which shall be reimbursed to him or his 
heirs. 

Oct. 23. A survey of the town was made, Serg. Ellis, of Ded- 
ham, being employed as Surveyor, and was settled as follows, 
viz: — Starting upon Charles Eiver and running four miles, want- 
ing forty rods, to the northeast corner at a stake and stones in 
Hoppins meadow; thence turning and running westerly to the 
northwestern corner one hundred rods beyond the Great Eiver 
(now Blackstone,) eight and one-half miles; thence turning and 
running due south eight miles to the southwest corner to a 

12 



90 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1683. 

chestnut tree, upon the northern side of a great hill; thence 
turning easterly about three miles to the Monhegin river, (now 
the Branch,) crossing it several times, and so on to the Great 
River, upon the south side of the Falls, (Woonsocket) and then 
with said river to Dedham line; thence turning and running 
northerly four miles and forty rods. This last line, not men- 
tioned in the description, is taken from the original survey. 
From this we learn nothing about starting from the Dedham 
Tree and running one mile east to the point where this survey 
began. 

Nov. 18. The Selectmen ordered that all timber cut down in 
the pine and cedar swamps should be removed on or before the 
last day of February next, upon the penalty of forfeiting the 
timber and five shillings a tree to the informer; and if in the 
future any trees or buts for clapboards or shingles shall remain 
longer than six days, they shall be subject to the same penalty, 
one half to the informer and one half to the town. 

The following items • complete the town record for the year 
1683:— 

Nov. 19. Those whose names are underwritten were found to 
be indebted to the town for unpaid taxes and grass, viz : — 

Peter Aldrich, for 1680—1681 & 1683 £1.08.02 

Mrs. Elizabeth Browne, for 1683 2.00.00 

Wid. Ruth Bundy, for 1680, 1681 & 1683 6.08.01 

John Aldrich, for 1682, for Grass, per Walter Cook 0.12.10 

Mrs. Elizabeth Browne was the relict of Rev. Joseph Emer- 
son,- the second minister of the town. 

The widow Ruth Bundy, as she is recorded as the relict of 
John Gurney, formerly of Mendon, was, without much doubt, 
the widow Gurney that Matthias Puffer took from Mendon when 
the town gave him liberty to go to Braintree to look after his 
children, in 1675; and the fact of her marrying and again be- 
coming a widow, and no mention made of John Gurney since 
that time, seems to corroborate the truth of the supposition that 
he was among the slain in the Indian attack upon Mendon in 
1675, as heretofore inferred. 



1684.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 91 

1684. Jan. 9. Simon Peck, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Sta- 
ples, James Lovett and Samuel Eead were chosen Selectmen; 
Jonathan Thayer, Constable, and John Kockett and Samuel 
Read, Highway Surveyors. 

When the town was burned in the winter of 1675-6, Benjamin 
Albee's grist mill was embraced in the general calamity. Dur- 
ing the four or five years since the return of the inhabitants 
there was probably no mill nearer than Medfleld or Wrentham, 
and with no means of transportation but the cart and oxen, or 
a bag and boy on a horse, the privilege of "going to mill" 
could not be regarded as a sinecure, especially when the journey 
must have occupied two days and a night. 

To remedy this inconvenience the town entered into the fol- 
lowing 

" CONTRACT TO BUILD A CORN MILL. 

Articles of Agreement made and concluded (Jan. 9, 1684) between 
Matthias Puffer and the Town of Mendon 

First, that y e sd pufer doth agree to and with the Inhabitants of Mendon, 
to build a sufficient Corne Mill in some convenient place for the town's 
use upon the same stream the former Mill stood upon, and in case y e sd 
puffer build y e Mill below y e place y e former Mill stood and thereby pond 
in the Country Road, then the sd puffer by these presents dus bind himself 
to make and maintain a sufficient Cart bridge for the Country's use. 

2ndly. In case y e sd puffer build the said Mill above the other mill pond 
upon the Town's land, then y e said puffer shall have y e land that he ponds 
and also Ingress and Egress to the Mill during the time of the Mill's stand- 
ing and Remaining serviceable for the town's use ; afterwards y e sd Land 
Returne to y e Town again. 

3dly. The sd puffer dus Ingage to maintaine the sd Mill twenty years for 
y e town's use and to provide a Miller from time to time as may be satisfac- 
tory to y e mair part of y e towne. 

4thly. The said puffer doth Ingage to erect y e sd Mill and furnish the same 
att or before the last of October Next insuing the date hereof. 

Matthias Puffer 
Signed in presents of us His M. Mark " 

James Albee 
Joseph White, Junr. 

Upon the performance of every part and particular specified, 
the town contracted to pay said Puffer the sum of fifteen pounds, 



92 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1684. 

ten pounds in current money of New England, and five in mer- 
chantable country pay. 

It will be seen that Puffer was to build the mill, keep it in 
order and provide a miller for twenty years, and for the due 
fulfillment of these covenants he bound himself in the penal 
sum of thirty pounds to pay back the fifteen pounds, "ten 
pounds in money and five pounds in Country pay. " This bond 
was dated April 16, 1685. 

SETTLEMENT OF REV. GRINDAL RAWSON, THE THIRD MINISTER. 

7 Aprill 1684 att a gneral towne nietting of the Inhabitants, 

It pased by Clere vote that In order to the Settelrnent of Mr. Grindal 

Rawson In the work of the Ministry amonst us they would doe for him as 

followeth. 

Imp 9 that they will give for yerely Sallery Fifty five pounds to bee paid 
as followeth, fifteen pounds per annum in Starling money of New England 
and forty pounds more to bee paid in good marchantabell country pay such 
as the towne Rayseth. 

2ndly, that they will give him, for a forty acre lott, one Cord of wood 
yerly and so pro portionably for Lotts of Lesser quantity to be delivered 
att his dore. 

31y, that they will upon the twenty lift October and the twenty rift of 
March pay him his Sallery, the one half upon the one day and the other 
half upon the other day. 

41y, that they will give their Selectmen Anuall Instructions to make A 
Rate for his Sallery and that they take order for the gathering of it and de- 
livering it to him : this wee promis to give att present and afterwards as 
God shall Inable us and the wants of his family shall call for, hee settling 
with us, ministering to us and not Removing from us with out just grounds 
Arising from ourselves as shall be judged by a Counsell of Congregationall 
principals, mutually chosen. 

51y, That they will upon his taking office Relation w* h them settell that 
hous and forty acre House lott which he is now in possession of with all 
devitions of Land and Meadow (a Cording to the agreement he made with 
the towne fifteenth of October sixteen hundred eighty and three as apeers 
upon the town records p.p. 74 & 75 (and also in this book, p. 89,) belong- 
ing there unto as much as to any other lot of that bigness, with all other 
Comon Rights and privileges there unto belonging; he taking office 
amonst them, they there upon promise to Record sd Lott, the grant and 
title there of free and clere and in the same terms their own Lands are Re- 
corded in. 

These proposals and every particular of them I doe freely accept of & 



1684.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 93 



fully acquiesce in, in order to y e end therein specified, y e day and year 
above mentioned as witness my hand 

GUINDAL RaWSON. 

Signed as above in presence of 

Joseph White 

Josiah Chapin 

Simon Peck , 

James Lovett 

Samuel Read. 
Mendon Nov. 2, . 84 

Although Mr. Rawson was not settled until the present date, 
we have seen that he had been preaching here since October 4, 
1680, when he received a call from the town to be their min- 
ister. 

Then and there Reconed with y e Selectmen for y e three Last years past 
and all accounts betwen myself and them as they stand Engaged on the 
towne's behalf to see the severall payments for that terme discharged upon 
the receipt of which payments allready made I aequitt them, and y e towne 
by them, of every part and persell hereof, as witness my hand y e day and 
year above Expressed. 

Grindal Rawson. 

20: 11 : 84. Y e Selectmen do order and agree that the orders of 1683 shall 
continue in force, and that John Rockett and James Albee be fence 
viewers for the south end of the town and John Thompson jr. and Joseph 
White jr. for the north end of the town, Jacob Aldrich and John Cook to 
look after stone horses and swine. 

The committee heretofore chosen to examine the bounds of 
of the highways very probably reported about this time, as we 
find the town voted " that all thos that any ways had Intrenched 
upon the hyways are to leve sd lands and make the hyways strait 
y e full breadth of ten Rod" 

It is supposed the pine plains were not at this time consid- 
ered so valuable as in the early settlement of the town, as we 
find this year that a number of the inhabitants had liberty to 
leave land " in y e pine plain and take it elsewhere." 

Simon Peck, Abraham Staples and Samuel Read were chosen 
a committee to have seats made in the meeting house, which, as 
no mention is made of any other location, is supposed to have 
been erected on the site of the one burned by the Indians. 

The following petition is inserted to show the method in 



94 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1684. 

which Probate business was transacted in early times, and the 
minuteness of the inventory: — 

To the Honer d General Court now sitting in Boston This 8th. of May 
1684, The Humble Petition of Sarah Stephens of Mendon, Humbly 
Shewe'th, 

That whereas Your Poor Petitioner, a Distressed Widdow having been 
left with three small Children (all of them Daughters) by her late husband, 
Joseph Stephens, who deceased in the Time of the late Indian war, Intes- 
tate. Your poore petitioner, according to law, brought in a true Inventory 
of her said husband's estate, as by said Inventory sworn in Court Dec. 3. 
1677 doth appear. The substance of the Moveables (Therein Mentioned) 
consisting of things Necessary for familj r use are, for the most part, spent 
upon your petitioner and her children, save only such as could not be any 
ways by her improved. The other part of his estate, viz, Lands amount- 
ing (according to apprizement) to about thirty pounds, which is, at present, 
the substance of what is left for your poor petitioner and her children to 
live upon. Your Petitioner having Administration granted upon the 
estate hath hitherto, for the most part, provided for herself and children, 
viz, for her owne and their wearing apparel & most of their provision ; 
likewise your poore petitioner humbly prays that this Honer d Court would, 
according to their wonted favor to such in her condition, please to settle 
fhe land aforesaid upon your petitioner, who Desires that said land may be 
bound over to respond whatever your Honers shall see cause to settle upon 
them, either upon the coming to age or dayes of marriage (besides what 
your Honers shall see cause to allow your petitioner for their education until 
the aforesaid times) your petitioner desiring still to extend that motherly 
care which, hitherto, she hath not been wanting in, being through God's 
goodness in a capacity to Jet out said land to some advantage, not only for 
discharging what rates and dues may arise there upon but also producing 
some bread corne for herself and Children. 

Your Honours granting your petioner's request will still oblige her to 

pray as in duty bound &c 

Sarah Stephens. 

In answer to this Petition The Magistrates judge meet to order the one 
half the land to the Widow to enjoy to her and her heires to dispose of, 
the other half of the land to be to the children as they come of age, part & 
part alike, the bringing up the children with the improvement of the land 

Their brethren the Deputies thereto consenting 

Edward Rawson, Secy. 



9 May 1684 Consented by the Deputies. 



William Torrey, Cleric. 



Brantry, Dec. 3. 1677. 
An Inventory of the Estate of Joseph Stephens taken by Caleb Hubbard 
and Benjamin Thompson. 



1684.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 95 



Imp 8 . To wearing apparel £04 00 00 

To Bedding and bed 04 00 00 

To 2 pair of sheets coarse 1 fine. 01 10 00 

To 5 Pillow beers, 2 shirts, 1 pr. drawers 4 coars nap- 
kins ■ 00 09 00 

To small wearing linen bands, neckcloths &c 00 10 00 

To gloves, stockins, mittens 00 07 00 

To 1 file, 2 knifes, Razor, 1 pen knife, chalk line, tongs, 

a lock, starch, mithridate 00 05 00 

To pewter 10s. 1 brass kettle 16s. skillet 5s 01 12 00 

To 1 iron pot 12s. 1 skillet 4s. a Cutlace 7s 01 03 00 

To a musket 15s. a back sword 12 01 07 00 

To hats 5s. axe 2s. 6d. bed cords 4s. bellows 2s. 6d 00 14 00 

To Earthen ware & wooden utensils 00 10 00 

To Yarne and fflax 01 15 00 

Ditto, 00 05 00 

To 2 Spinning wheels 00 10 00 

To Beans & salt ... 00 02 00 

To bed stead 5s. chairs 3s. tubs 5s. pails 2s. 6d., 3 bar- 
rels 7s. 6d 01 03 00 

To seives 2s. cards 2s. Wool 3s. chest 7s. box 3s. fry- 
ing pans 3s 01 00 00 

To old iron 1-2 cwt 00 10 00 

To corne 6s. remnants of cloth & yarn 02 05 00 

To suit lamp, baskets, chaires, stooles 00 18 00 

To a mat 2s. Indian 4 bush. Beefe 7 00 15 00 

To an heifer and calf ' 02 14 00 

To Land at Mendam 

To 1-2 an acre of Land at Manaticot 03 00 00 



£30 14 00 



Sarah Stevens made oath before John Leveret Esq. Gov r and Ewd. 
Tyng Esq. Assistant Dec. 11. 1677 that it is a just and true Inventory of 
the estate of her late Husband Joseph Stevens, deceased, to her best knowl- 
edge and that when she knows more she will discover the same. 

As atest Isa: Addington, Cler. 

This may certify whom it may concern that we apprize the lot £30 00 00 
of Joseph Stevens deceased at 30£ and an anvill at 10s. 00 10 00 

Brought by the Administratrix as addition to the Inventory 

I. Addington, Cler. 

This is a true Coppie of the Original Inventory and addition thereto. 

I. Addington, Cler. 



96 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1684. 

Joseph Stevens, having died during the Indian war, may it 
not be reasonably inferred he was one of those slain by the 
Indians? 

The following petition, besides giving an account of the con- 
dition of the town at the time, also establishes the fact that a 
large number of the proprietors had not returned, although 
nine years had elapsed since their abandonment of the town in 
1675. 

Towns, Vol. 112, p. 367, Mass. Archives. 

To the much honered generall Cort now Sitting in Boston the 10th Sep- 
tember 1684 the humble address of the Selectmen of Mendon, in behalf of 
the Inhabitants there at present Residing, 
much honered. 

three years are not yett fully expired since the pressing neces- 
sity of our low condition enforced us to crave Relief from this honorable 
Cort, from whose hands we experienced such favor & acceptance as doth 
still embolden us, yet continuing in the like condition, to spread our State 
before yower honers, not at all doubting but the justice of our cause will 
avayl with yower selves so far that our following request and desire shall 
receive yower answer of peac expected by us. May it please your Honers 
to consider that the one half of our proprietors, two only excepted, are 
dwelling in other places, we are inforced (the Birthen of the day lying upon 
so few of us) to petition yower Honers that an order might be issued out 
wheare by they might be oblidged to be helpful to us in maintaining the 
ministry of the word & other town charges with us which hitherto they 
have don, but the time being almost expired and our case as bad as ever, 
we have no other way left us save this, to give the honerable (Court) a nar- 
rative of our present condition, a thorow consideration whereof wee doubt 
not will give your Honers cause to continue your order longer and oblidge, 
by such a continuance, to a contribution of relief to us, by whose abiding 
upon the place, thayer Land Receive considerable advantage. Wee desire 
to bless God who, in the riches of his boundless grace, hath seen cause to 
advantage us with an able, faithful, prayerful minister of the word, by 
whose labors wee doe heare the ioyful sound, a famine whereof we hope is 
esteemed by us a more fatal punishment than a famine of bread; therefore 
we doe and are willing to doe to the outside of our ability, to main tayn 
our minister, and God hath so far owned our endeavours, that we farther 
hope that this church will be resettled in this place, not only in the faith 
but the order of the gospell, the maintenance of which is impossible for us 
without help trom our fellow proprietors, for our inhabitants pay to the 
outside of thayer abilities to raising of public charges, and, in particular to 
the maintenance of the minister. Wee pay at least ten singall country rates, 
besides other charges, notwithstanding what Relief wee have had by our 



1684.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 97 



fellow proprietors, who have bourn with us a bout twenty hve pounds 
annually, there being twenty-two of them to do it. If they are freed from 
it, and it be laid on the present inhabitants, it is plain how unable they be 
to bare it. They must of necessity quit their stacion and leave the town, 
as a place that eateth up her inhabitants: or how soone wee and our poore 
children must be again deprived of the means of grace and live like hea- 
then, doth both amaze and grieve us to consider, which wee hope will stor 
up so much pity from your Honers, that it may be redressed. Our pro- 
prietors abroad object that they see no reason why they should pay as much 
for thayer lands as we do for our Land and stok, which we answer that if 
there be not a noff of reason for it, we are sure there is more than enough of 
ne cessity to supply that if wanting in reason, but because we study peace 
and a good conscience that the objection may be removed. 

We are willing to the valew of two single country rates for our stock 
trusting God will appear for us, who desire the churche's settlement, our 
soul's good and that things may be carried on amongst us to God's glory, 
our condition being so sadly sircumstanced causes fears to many least we 
should be deprived of the means of grace, which we desire not only to call 
but accompt our Benjamin, unless our fellow proprietors bee still inioyned 
to sett too their blessing hand with us in the way and manner proposed, as 
we hope your Honers will see sufficient ground & reason. We further 
implore and crave a further order for the continuance of what we have all 
redy, by your favour, enjoyed, that we may be enabled, by thayer help, to 
the maintenance of our dispencer of the word unto us and to carry on other 
town charges amongst us that there may be no complaining in our gates. 
So shall your petitioners dayly pray. 

Ferdinando Thayer 
Simon Peck 
Samuel Read 
James Lovett 
Josiah Chapin. 

In answer to this petition the Deputys judge meete & do allow and em- 
power the Inhabitants of Mendon to assesse the proprietors of lands that 
live not in that towne as thay do thare own not improved lands, in all 
manner of rates, as well for their minister as otherwise, provided they rate 
their own Inhabitants in sd rates, both heads, stock & improved lands as 
the law directs for the country (State) rate, desiring the consent of our 
Hon d magistrates thereto. 

William Torrey, Cleric. 

Consented to by the Magistrates 

Edward Rawson, Secy. 
Oct. 21, 1684. 

As we hoar no more of this matter, it is supposed the absen- 
tees, if they did not come back, paid their rates hereafter 
without grumbling. 



98 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1685. 

1685. Jan 3. Chose Dea. Simon Peck, Serg. Joseph White, 
Serg. Josiah Chapin, Ferdinando Thayer and Samuel Read, 
Selectmen; Peter Cook, Constable, and James Lovett and Saml. 
Read, Surveyors of Highways. 

In 1(369, it will be remembered, that the General Court 
granted the town some meadows "without their line," and 
hence the reason that May 25, 1685, the town chose Joseph 
White, Ferdinando Thayer and Samuel Hayward a committee 
" to purchase the Indian title" to the same. This deed was 
given by the Indians and was afterwards lost. 

June 6. For the payment of Mr. Rawson's salary and all 
other public charges, it was voted to rate the inhabitants "head 
and ratable estate as the law directs," and what falls short "to 
raise it upon y e lands of y e Inhabitence and proprietors, as for- 
merly. " 

The only remaining entry for this year is the following assess- 
ment: — 

A Rate made this 11 of Jauuery 1685, to Defray Mr. Rawson's salery for 
half the yere beginning att the 25th. of October 1685 to the 25th. of March 
1686. 

Ser. Joseph White £01 02 01 

Ser. Josiah Chapin 01 13 02 

Ferdinando Thayer 01 07 03 

Walter Cook 00 17 09 

Dea, Simon Peck 00 16 03 

Capt. John Smith 00 10 09 

Josiah Torrey 00 12 11 

Angell Torrey 00 10 09 

George Sumner 00 10 09 

Thomas Thayer 00 16 01 

Savill Simpson 00 10 09 

Robert Taft 00 09 05 

Jacob Aldrich 00 11 04 

Sarah Fairbank 00 16 01 

Samuel Hayward 01 14 09 

Philip King 00 10 09 

William Holbrook 01 05 02 

Samuel Shepherd 00 18. 11 

Widdow Ruth Bundy 00 10 09 

Peter Holbrook 01 05 00 

James Lovett 01 04 00 

John Warfield Senr 00 09 08 



1685.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 99 

Edward Lineford 00 10 09 

Abraham Staples Se n 00 11 06 

Samll. Tiler 00 16 01 

Epheriam Wilder 00 10 09 

Samll. Read 01 00 01 

Eliazer Wheelock 00 07 05 

Ebenezer White 00 10 09 

Joshua Lazell 00 10 09 

Wid. Elizebeth Sprague 00 10 09 

James Albee 00 08 09 

Samll. Cook 00 08 00 

John Rocket 01 08 00 

John Cook 00 08 08 

Peter Aldrich 00 07 02 

Elizabeth Parker 00 16 01 

Matthias Puffer 01 01 06 

John Dike 00 05 04 

Mrs. Elizabeth Browne 01 01 06 

John Warfield jr 00 05 08 

Abraham Staples jr 00 05 00 

John Darling, 00 07 08 

John Andrews 00 07 04 . 

Benjamin Wheaton 00 01 10 

Robert Hall 00 03 04 

Edward Pratt 00 05 02 

Nathanill Fox 00 03 07 • 

Denes Darling 00 02 08 

Jonathan Thayer 00 08 10 

Robert Corbit 00 13 02 

John Thomson 01 07 04 

Walter Cook & Abraham Staples for y e Widow Har- 

ber's Lot 00 18 09 

Joseph White jr 00 05 02 

The widow Elizabeth Browne was formerly the wife of the 
Rev. Joseph Emerson. 

The foregoing assessment amounts to £3G.14s, and as nothing 
is said about "country pay," it is supposed to have been paid in 
money. This sum was to pay Mr. Rawson's salary for the half 
year and other public charges. Mr. Rawson's salary for the half 
year was £27. 10s, which taken from the assessment would leave 
£9. 4s. as the amount which was required to liquidate the whole 
indebtedness of the town. Happy that town when so small a 
sum would extinguish its municipal obligations. 



100 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1685. 

We learn by the following that the burden of taxation is not 
a grievance of modern times. It will be borne in mind that the 
Selectmen, under some general instructions of the town, trans- 
acted most of the business. 

Towns, Vol. 112, p. 420. 

To the much honered general Cort now Sitting in Boston this 13th day 
of March 1685, the humble address the of Selectmen of Mendon in behalf 
of y e town 

humbly Sheweth, 

much honored, the former experience that we have had of 
yower lioners redynes to heare the address of yower poor suppliants doth 
imbolden and a sence of our low condition doth inforce us to renew our 
supplication. If the servants of Benhaded could apply themselves to the 
Kings of Israel upon a report that they were mercifull how much more 
may we be incorridged to plead our cause before yower selves who have so 
many times experienced yower willing ness to grant our Just Request still 
hoping that our desires shall find a favorable answer. Much honered, not 
withstanding the help granted to us upon our last petition that our fellow 
proprietors non resident should help carry on public charges in our town, 
year, our number is so small and Rates so great that we cannot comfortably 
sub sist under them without som Respite, who want not will but purses to 
help beare all public assessments with the rest of our brethren. Ware we 
able we are as willing as could be expected. This yeare the country, 
county, church and town hath called upon us for rates which have risen so 
high y l a man whos ratable estate amounts to but two shillings and fower 
pence hath paid five pounds od money, & so proportionable through the 
town. In consideration of this our low estate wee humbly crave some 
further time of Respite for paying of country rates during yower pleasure 
therein that thereby wee may the better able to carry on the maintainance 
of the gospell which wee desire to accompt our chief ioye, and other neces- 
sary charges, so as thare may be no complaint in our streets. 
So shall your poore suppliants pray. 

Simon Peck 
Abraham Staples 
Samuel Read 
James Lovett 
Josiah Chapin. 

In answer to this pet n the Deputys judge meete to Graunt petitioners 
freedome from Country Rates for this year ensuing O r hon ed magistrates 
hereto consenting. 

William Torrey, Clericus. 

The Magist 3 consent hereto provided they pay the rates already due. 

Ed. Rawson, Secy. 



1685.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 101 



The following petition will explain itself, and is recorded as 
the 

FIRST TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT IN MENDON. 

To the Honored Generall Court now assembled at boston May 27, 1685, 

The petition of the In habitants of Mendon Humbly Sheweth that about 
two years since your petitioners applyed themselves to the much honered 
General Court then assembled, for relief from the Indians, by reason of 
whose great Intemperance wee considered ourselves in noe small danger, 
from time to time. The order that wee thereby received being, by sad ex- 
perience, found ineffectual to the end proposed, and our bliefe of your 
Redynes to Rectify such disorders, gives birth to a second petition. Much 
Honored, notwithstanding those good and wholesome laws that are In force 
against selling of drink to the Indians and our care to detect such men as 
are transgressors of them, yet the prevailing of that sin is such, being prac- 
ticed by some Amongst us, who drive a trade with the Natives out of a 
designe of gain from that source, that we are in continual fears what the 
dismal effect thereof will prove. The glory of God is not a little wronged 
by the almost dayly Drunkenes of the Heathen and Religion much dis- 
graced, but also our lives and the lives of our wives and children In dayly 
Hazard. Tis not a month since there have been three murderous attempts 
by Drunken Indians amongst us, so that if some effectual Care be not 
taken there will be no comfortable abiding for us unless we will expose 
our selves and ours to the Rage and fury of such as are not masters of their 
weapons, but are ready to murther all that stand in their way. Our 
Ernest petition is that all Indians whatsoever, may be prohibited from 
coming within our township or pass threw our towne without order from 
Authority and that their Arms and Ammunition may be forfeited to any 
person that shall apprehend them so doing, and that any amongst ourselves 
who give entertainment to or trade with them may be laid under severe 
penalty for the same, and that all licenses may be called, or such who trade 
under others prohibeted the same; or some other way as God shall direct in 
wisdom, which shall oblige your poor supplience to pray. 
Mendon 25th. of May 1685. 

Walter Cook Ferdinando Thayer 

Joseph White John Warfield, senior. 

Josiah Chapin William Holbrook 

Samll. Read Samll. Shepherd 

Peter Holbrook John Rocket 

James Lovett Jonathan Thayer 

James Albee John Warfield Jr. 

Samll. Cook Benjamin Wheaton 

John Cook John Thompson, sen r 

Eleazer Wheelock Abraham Staples 

John Thompson Jr. 



102 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1686. 

Ill this petition reference is made to a first petition, and which 
was lost, as it cannot be found among the archives of the State. 

In regard to the first petition, it seems the inhabitants prayed 
for an abatement of taxes and that something should be done 
about the drunkenness of the Indians and about Eobert Taffe for 
"irregular trading with them." 

The following is the answer of the General Court to the first 
petition : — 

" At a General Court held May 27. 1682, In answer to the petition of the 
Inhabitants of Mendon craving the Court's favor for abatement of country 
rates for this year, 1682, which the Court judgeth meet to grant: and as to 
that part concerning Indians the petitioners may take notice that the Court 
hath provided in this case, by a law made in October last, in which they 
may rest satisfied. Touching Robert Taffe, the person complained of 
' for irregular trading with the Indians,' that matter is wholly left with the 
County Court of Suffolke, to doe therein as they shall judge meete, unto 
whom the petitioners may apply themselves for relief." 

Tbe law of 1081, to which the petitioners were referred, au- 
thorized the Selectmen to apprehend any Indian found at large 
and commit him to the House of Correction or to prison until 
he should engage to go to and abide in the Indian towns of 
Natick, Punkapauge or Wamesit, which had been set apart by 
the General Court as homes for the Indians. Eobert Taffe is 
supposed to be Robert Taft, but whether any complaint was 
preferred against him, or if preferred, whether any proof of his 
''irregular trading with the Indians" was made out or not, is 
not known. 



1686. Jan. 3. Chose for Selectmen, Dea. Simon Peck, Ser. 
Joseph White, Ser. Josiah Chapin, Ferdinando Thayer and 
Samuel Read; Constables, Angell Torrey and John Andrus; 
Surveyors of Highways, John Rocket and Sam'l Tiler. 

It was voted at this meeting that the first Monday in January, 
the first Friday in April and the first Tuesday in July and Oc- 
tober should be public town meetings. It was also voted that 
the injunction against transporting timber out of town be 
repealed. 

March 12. The Selectmen appointed John Thompson, Sen., 



1686.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 103 

Joseph White, Jr., John Rocket and James Albee fence viewers. 

April 19. Perambulated town line with Sherborne; Edward 
West, Jonathan Morse and Jonathan Fairbank for Sherborne, 
and Ser. Joseph White, Ser. Josiah Chapin, Ferdinando Thayer, 
Saml. Hayward and Saml. Read for Mendon. 

Notwithstanding the votes which had been passed from time 
to time, the width of the highways was still a troublesome sub- 
ject, as we find a report of the Selectmen certifying that abuttors 
had encroached upon the highways in seventeen different places; 
that Abraham Staples' house stood two rods and Samuel Read's 
barn six feet over the line of the road. In consequence of this 
report the Selectmen were directed to remove all the fences that 
stand upon the highways or on the town's common land. Thus 
it seems 'the town was determined to have the roads everywhere 
ten rods wide. 

June 31. It is supposed the Selectmen did not succeed very 
Avell in their effort to remove the fences as we find the town 
voting "that any one who does not remove his fence from the 
road at or before the last of March, 1687, should pay a fine of 
five shillings a rod annually, and appointed Saml. Hayward, 
William Holbrook and Saml. Cook for that affaire" 

Joseph Stephens, who died during the Indian war, was the 
first blacksmith, and although the town had got along without 
one up to this time, it was now found necessary to make pro- 
vision for another. 

Nov. 15. To this end at a town meeting it was voted that 
James Bick should have a ten acre lot, with all the privileges 
belonging to the same, "provided he doe the town's smithery 
work for the next ten years upon reasonable conditions, unless 
death or disablement hinder." And if for any other reasons he 
should remove from the town, or fail to do the smithery work, 
then the land was to revert to the town, unless he chose to pay 
£15 lawful money- He was, as a condition jjrecedent, to bring 
letters of recommendation "as shall be accounted, by the Select- 
men, in being, sufficient encouragement for his entertainment 
amongst us." 

The committee chosen in 1G83 "to view the towne book of 
what they apprehend will be prejudyshall to the town," reported 



104 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1687. 

that many mistakes had occurred relative to the highways and 
laying out of land; that the highway through Jepson's lot for 
Crowne's use, and the grants of land to Mr.. Stoughton and Mr. 
Dudley were " pre judyshall " and should be disallowed. 

Pursuant to the recommendation of the committee the town 
voted that all votes, grants and records referred to by the com- 
mittee, "that hence forward they nor any of them shall be of 
noe force nor valee." 



1687. Jan. 2. Tbe Selectmen were Ser. Joseph White, 
Dea. Peck, Ensign Josiah Chapin, Sainl. Bead and James 
Lovett; Constable, Samuel Tiler, and Surveyors of Highways 
Ferdinando Thayer and John Thomson, Sen. 

It will be remembered that Mr. Rawson's salary was to be paid 
punctually, " the one half on the one day and the one half on 
the other day," but somehow the town found itself in arrears, 
and chose Deacon Peck, Ens. Chapin and Ferdinando Thayer a 
committee "to Recon with Mr. Rawson and to do their utmost 
to se y l all y e Areers of y e Rates dew to him for his salery be gath- 
ered and paid to him with in one month by those persons from 
whom it is dew in the towne." 

At the same time a road was laid out between Goodman Win- 
ter js lot and the pine swamp. 

John Puffer was granted a ' ' Neck of Land " near the mill in 
full satisfaction for whatever was due his father, Matthias Puffer, 
from the town, and that he would build upon the land and 
maintain a miller in it during the time his father was bound to 
maintain the mill. . 

The following petition is inserted because Mendon was situ- 
ated in the Nipmuck country, and was entirely surrounded by 
territory claimed by the Indians: — 

Toe tbe Right Worshipful the Gov Deputy Gov and the rest of y e Honor* 

Magistrates and y e Deputies of the General Courte sitting in Boston May 

11. 1687. 

The humble Petition of us whose Names are Under written & other In- 
habitants of y« towns of Natiek, Punkapoge & Wamesit, 

Humbly Sheweth, that your Petitioners Being subject to his Majesty & 
his Government In this jurisdiction And having approved our selves faith- 



1688.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



105 



ful to y e English Interest In y e late Warr and served then Most of us as 
souldiers, wherein some of our Relations lost their lives. Wee doe hereby 
declare to the Hon d Court y* wee and our predecessors had and have a Nat- 
ural Right to much of the Lands Lying In the Nipmuck Country within 
this jurisdiction, for which wee humbly desire the Country and Generall 
Court will give us a compensation for o r Natural Rights to those Lands, 
that so, Before God and Man, things may Be Clear In after time Between 
us and our Posterity & the English and theire Posterity Referring to y e said 
Lands. Wee desire in this our Petition to Bee understood not to intend 
some particular towns and farms in the Nipmuck Country that were for- 
merly solde by the Indians that had a right thereunto, unto Englishmen pr 
leave of authority and confirmed by this Court, nor yett the towns granted 
to y e praying Indians In that Country. Wee humbly desire and pray the 
Honourable Court Seriously to Consider our petition and grant us our 
request. 

We have referred the management of this our petition unto the psons 
Under Named, viz : John Awassamug sen r , Andrew Pittome, James Rum- 
ney Marsh and Peter Ephraim and give us our answer pr y m . And wee 
shall pray for your happiness and prosperity. 



The marks of 
Waban %£ 

Pqam Bow fir 

Sam Awassamug 

Eliazer Eegan 
Zachry Abraham 

Tom Awassamug 

Andrew Pittome 



Tom Tray 

John Awassamug 2T 

Antony Tray x 



Peter Ephraim 
Tom Dublit 



k 



sa sa nit 



V^ 



X 



John Awassamug 2nd 

Jethro his (V) mark 

Benjamin his ^^ mark 
John Magus his *%(i mark 

Nathaniell his rfN mark 



James Kumney Marsh C Q Wattertown William his ^ mark 



1688. May 21. Chose for Selectmen, Townesmen or Over- 
seers, Ser. Joseph White, Ensign Josiah Chapin, Ferdinando 
Thayer, Samuel Read and John Thomson; for Commission- 
ers, Peter Holbrook and James Lovett; for Constable, Jacob 
Aldrich. 

14 



106 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1689. 

James Bick, who had covenanted to do the town's " smithery 
work," having neglected to comply with his agreement or to pay 
the £15 for his short-coming, and the town growing impatient 
at his delay, the Constable was directed " to warn James Bick 
forthwith to take off his frame and fence from the town's land, 
and no more to In Comber the same." Nevertheless, James 
proved contumacious, taking, as we shall see, no notice of the 
official warning. 

July 2. The Selectmen gave orders to the Constable to pro- 
vide town brands, to renew the half bushel and peck measures, 
and see that they agree with the country standard, and one ale 
quart and one wine half pint for town standards. 

The Country Rate (State tax) this year was £9.06.10, as re- 
ceipted for to Jacob Aldrich, Constable at Boston, Dec. 12, 1688, 
by Michael Perry for John Usher, Esq., Treasurer. 



1689. Jan. 24. Selectmen chosen were Capt. Joseph White, 
Left. Josiah Chapiu, Samuel Read, Sen., Ser. James Lovett and 
Ser. Peter Holbrook; for Constable, Samuel Tiler, and for Sur- 
veyors of Highways, Timothy Winter, Angel Torrey and James 
Albee. 

In April of this year the people, tired of the usurpation of 
Andros, which had continued about three years, rose in arms, 
and in a few hours the Governor and some of his principal ad- 
visers were made prisoners without bloodshed. The rumor 
(which came at this time by way of Virginia) was soon confirmed 
that William, Prince of Orange, had succeeded his father-in- 
law, James II. as King of England, and thus the arbitrary and 
despotic rule of Andros was terminated without further diffi- 
culty. 

The Government of the Colony was then assumed by William 
Stoughton and his associates. Dudley Bradstreet was chosen 
President; Isaac Addington, Clerk of the Council; Wait Win- 
throp, Commander-in-Chief of the Militia, and John Foster and 
Adam Winthrop, Treasurers. 

Feeling, it may be supposed, the need of a more secure settle- 
ment of government, as they were holding no delegated author- 
ity, and having, no doubt, as Hutchinson says in his History of 



1689.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 107 

Massachusetts Bay, received advice of the Convention called by 
the Prince of Orange in England, to settle the form of govern- 
ment there, they recommended to the several towns in the Col- 
ony to choose delegates, to constitute an Assembly to meet for 
consultation on the 9th of May. 

Pursuant to this call, sixty-six persons met, and after due de- 
liberation, it was agreed that the whole Council should continue 
to exercise the functions of government until the 22d of July, 
when there should be a meeting of delegates of all the towns in 
the Colony, who were to be specially instructed by the towns. 

Pursuant to the foregoing invitation of the Council, 

" Att a publike Meeting of y e Inhabitence of Mendon May y e 6th 1689, 
Ensign Josiah Chapin was, by a full vote chosen by s a town and by them 
fully Impowered to consult, advise, joine and give his assistance with the 
the Houerable Councill for the Safety of the poepell and conservation of the 
peace, In their Consultations tending to direct unto the exercise of that 
power and authority which shall direct be judged necessary in y e present 
exigent and to signify their Cordiall acknowledgments of their worthy 
servis fory e public safety." 

This meeting (for consultation) was held in Boston, May 9th, 
and sixty-six persons were present. It is reasonably presumed 
that Ensign Chapin was one of that number. They recom- 
mended that those who had assumed the government should 
continue to exercise authority, and that a meeting of the repre- 
sentatives of all the towns should be held May 22d, to hear the 
instructions given by the towns to their delegates. 

May 17. The town gave the following instructions to their 
representatives : 

"The town being orderly convened the day and year above, at their 
usual place of meeting, it was their unanimous desire that the Honered 
Governor Deputy Governor and assistants, chosen and sworne in y e yeare 
1686 (the year of Andros' usurpation) together with such other Worthy 
Gentlemen, who by the Generall concurring votes of the Respective Towns, 
as above s d (to make up the number 20) shall be chosen and elected, would 
accept of and enter upon y e Government of s d Colony so far as shall be 
Requisite and expedient for the Common Safety, and the Consirvation of 
the peace, and exercise such Acts of Authority as shall be necessary in 
the exigence and emergency as shall occur, untill there can be a more 
orderly settlement of Government for the which, with all due submission 
we shall Humbly waite." 



108 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1689. 

Upon the 24th of May, the Governor and Magistrates chosen 
in 1686, consented to exercise authority until an orderly settle- 
ment arrived from England. This they contrived to do until 
the union of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies by the 
Charter of 1692, and the arrival of Sir William Phipps, as Gov- 
ernor, on the 14th of May. 

Eev. Record, vol. 107, p. 153. 

In accordance with a declaration, which had been adopted by 
the convention, which met for consultation, the Governor (Simon 
Bradstreet, now 87 years of age) and Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives assembled at Boston, June 14, 1689, for the reinstat- 
ing and confirmation of all such officers of the several companies 
and regiments within the Colony, who were standing in com- 
mission upon the 12th day of May, 1686, and for filling up of all 
vacancies forthwith, according to said declaration. 

" At a meeting of the Householders and Soldiers of Mendon above 21 
years old 24th. of June, it was unanimously agreed on by them to nominate 
Joseph White for their Captain, Josiah Chapin Sen 1 ' for their Leftenant 
and Samuel Read Sen. for their Ensign, and to present them to the Gov- 
ernor and Council and Representatives for their Allowance and Confirma- 
tion. 

By Order of the Householders and Soldiers of Mendon. 

Jeams Lovet 

June 29, 1689. The Representatives do allow and confirm the above 
nomination of officers in their Respective offices. 

Attest, Ebenezer Prout, Clerk. 

Consented unto by the Governor and Council 29 June 1689. 

Isaac Addington, Secretary." 

By the following record, it would seem that great danger from 
the Indians was apprehended at this time; but whether the fear 
of an Indian outbreak or the fears that the recent deposition of 
Andros might lead to serious trouble, predominated in sending 
out an urgent call for 300 men, "to be at their places of rendez- 
vous by ffryday next," we cannot, at this late day, determine. 

Mass. Arch., Rev. Vol. 107, p. 161. 

" Ordered that 300 men be forthwith raysed and detached out of the sev- 
eral Counties, in proportion following, viz: — Boston Regiment, sixty; Suf- 
folke South Regiment, sixty; Essex Lower Regiment, seventy; Essex 



1680.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 109 



Upper Regiment, sixty and Middlesex Lower Regiment fifty to be put 
under meete conduct for the Security and Safeguard of the out Frontier 
Towns (Mendon had been declared a frontier town) as well with this Colony 
as the Eastern parts, and for the distressing and destruction of the Indian 
enemy, as they shall have orders and opportunity. Warrants to be forth- 
with issued by the Secretary unto the Majors or Commander in Chiefe of 
the said severall Regiments Requiring them to grant out their warrants to 
the Captains of the several Companies in their Respective Regiments to de- 
tach or impress a certain number of soldiers out of each company by an 
ecpial proportion, well appointed with arms and Ammunition to be at their 
places of rendezvous by ffryday next or sooner, the fifth of July instant at 
Newbury or where else y e -Majors shall be directed. 

The Governor and Councill to nominate and Commissionate suitable 
Comanders for them and to give orders and Instructions for their disposal 
& proceeding. 

Voted by the Representatives in the Affirmative July 2. 1689. 

Atteste Ebenezer Prout, Clerk. 

Consented to by the Governorand Councill July 2. 1689. 

Isaac Addington Secretary." 

" Boston Nov. 1689. 

Resolved by the Representatives Nemine contra dicente. 

That sixt rates, one to be in money, be Levied forthwith on the Inhabi- 
tants of the Collonie for paying of y e soldiers & public charges that have 
arisen since the Revolution by reason of the War & securing the Castle and 
prison &c. and that the Treasurer forthwith issue forth his Warrants for 
gathering the same. 

The prices of Corne are as followeth. 

Wheat at five shillings and six pence per bushel. 

Barley and Barley Malt at three shillings & six pence. 

Rye at three shillings. 

Pease at four shillings. 

Those that pay money on the five rates for pay to have a third abated. 
Desiring the Hon d Gov & Magistrates Consent 

Ebenezer Prout, Clerk. 
Consented to by y e Magistrates. 

J. Russell, by order." 

The closing record for the year was: 

" A Rate for Mr. Rawson's salary for y e yeare beginning att y e 25 of Oc- 
tober 1688 to 25 October 1689." 



110 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1690. 



10. 

11. 

12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 



Capt. Joseph White.... £02 04 01 

ffardin Thayer 03 13 07 

Lieut. Josiah Chapin.. 01 18 09 
Mr. Josiah Torrey.'.... 00 16 08 

Dea. Warfield 01 07 00 

Samll. Read 02 02 04 

James Lovet 01 17 00 

John Thomson 01 03 06 

Peter Holbrook, 01 03 07 

Abraham Staples sen r . . 01 13 

Jacob Aldrich 01 07 09 

Joseph White 0018 09 

Samll. Sheperd 01 00 03 

John Rocket 01 06 07 

James Albee 01 13 09 

Jonathan Thayer 01 03 07 

William Holbrook.... 01 02 06 

Eliazer Wheelock 01 01 00 

John Cook 00 19 08 

Samll. Cook 00 19 08 

Denis Darling 00 16 03 

John Darling 00 16 07 

John peck 01 00 00 

Angel torrey 00 16 03 



25. Abraham Staples Jr. .. £00 16 01 

26. thomas White 00 17 01 

27. ben Wheaton 00 11 06 

28. Benjamin Wheelock... 00 18 07 

29. James bick 01 01 02 

30. Timothy Winter 00 18 01 

31. John Read 00 19 01 

32. Walter Cook, (Nicolas). 02 00 02 

33. Job & Sam tiler 01 14 04 

34. Robert Taft 01 10 0.1 

35. Samll. Hay ward ..... . 01 08 03 

36. John Warfield Jr 00 16 01 

37. Isack Stapels 00 13 01 

38. John Thomson Jr 00 13 01 

39. Robert Hall 00 14 07 

40. Seth Chapin 00 19 07 

41 . Joseph Rocket 00 13 07 

42. Willm. Hay ward 00 10 06 

43. Joseph Plumly 00 15 01 

44. Thomas thayer 00 17 01 

45. John Andrus 00 17 01 

46. Nath fox 00 10 01 

47. Robert Corbet 00 17 06 

48. Cornelius pete 00 10 06 



1690. Jan. 6. The day being short and cold, "the town met 
the sixteenth of sd month, and chose for Selectmen Dea. John 
Warfield, Sergt. James Lovett, Timothy Winter [illegible]; 
Joseph White, Jr., Constable, and Timothy Winter, John 
Rocket, and Angel Torrey, Surveyors of Highways." 

James Bick still proves contumacious, as he paid no attention 
to the warning of last year. The patience of the town was get- 
ting exhausted, so they ordered the Constable to pull up a por- 
tion of his fence, which stood upon the town's land, and (as a 
peace offering, it is supposed) then chose Mr. Josiah Torrey and 
Angel Torrey a committee to see if they could not come to some 
agreement with Bick to leave the land without further trouble. 

Bick left some time after this, and was the owner of land and 
resided upon territory now comprised in the town of Woon- 
socket. 

April G. 1G90. It was ordered "that every soldier should 



1690.] ANNALS OF MENDON. Ill 

forthwith, at his own charge, provide himself with one pound 
of powder, twenty bullets and six flints, and produce them to 
the Captain in ten days, upon penalty of ten shillings for every 
default." 

The reason of this preparation was, undoubtedly the fear of 
the French and Indians upon the easter frontier of the Colony. 
The Pennicook Indians had murdered Maj.Waldron at Cocheco, 
June 27, 1687, taken the fort at Pemmaquid, and murdered the 
garrison, after capitulation, and taken another fort at Casco with 
an hundred prisoners. 

In 1087 the collections, for Mr. Rawson's salary, fell short 
£7. 10s and which sum he remitted to the town provided a like 
amount "be imjn-oved in the next public work or building." 

In 1G80 it will be remembered that the second Meeting House 
was built (the first one having been burned by the Indians in 
the winter of 1675-6) and that its size was twenty-six feet by 
eighteen with fourteen feet posts. It was now determined to build 
the tli ird Meeting House and it was to be thirty feet square with 
sixteen feet posts. It was " let out at a price to John Andruse 
of our town," but at at what price is not known, as no further 
mention is made of its cost. 

It was built by subscription as Lieut. Josiah Chapin, Lieut. 
Josiah Torrey, Samuel Read, Ser. James Lovett, Ser. Peter Hol- 
brook, Robert Taft, John Rocket, James Albee and Thomas 
Thayer were chosen to collect the subscriptions and had the en- 
tire control of the work. It was understood that portions of the 
work were to be done by the inhabitants and the committee were 
instructed to consider the convenience of the people in letting out 
the work and especially that "poor persons be not unnecessarily 
burthened." If no one would take work at the prices agreed on 
by the committee then they were to do it themselves or hire it 
done, at the fixed price. This committee were to keep an ac- 
curate account of their subscriptions and of their disbursements. 
The subscriptions were to be collected by the 15th of May, " so 
that y e work may not be obstructed or letted for the want of nails 
and glass." The committee were also instructed to consult and 
advise with the Pastor in regard to the seating of the house and 
in placing the doors, windows and alleys. 

It is presumed that the doings of this committee were sat- 



112 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1691. 

isfactorily discharged as no further mention is made of the 
Meeting House. 

The location of the house cannot now be determined. It was 
not, as some have supposed, erected upon the site of the old one; 
for we find that, in 1694, John Thompson, sen., bought the old 
Meeting House for four pounds. 



1691. Jan. 5. Selectmen, Lieut. Josiah Chapin, Mr. Josiah 
Torrey, Serg. James Lovet, Serg. Peter Holbrook and Samuel 
Bead. Constables, Nicolas Cook and Thomas Thayer. Survey- 
ors of Highways, Angel Torrey, Timothy Winter and John 
Rocket. 

When the inhabitants laid out their land, after a division had 
been granted, they made very crooked lines, in order to inclose 
only good land. By and by, when the number of inhabitants had 
increased, and the lands had become improved, it was found nec- 
essary to build fences "on account of the damage from neat 
cattle and swine in the meadows." In building the fence about 
his lot a man, " to straighten his fence," could take in " such 
corners and necks of land," as might be necessary, not to exceed 
four acres. 

THE SECOND SAW MILL. 

It was voted that Josiah and Angel Torrey have liberty 
" (without any molestation)" to build a clam upon the town's 
land between School and Rock meadows and so much land as 
shall be thought necessary for damning, laying timber or boards, 
&c. And also to have ingress and egress to and from the same. 
They were also allowed " to drown so much of the pine swamp 
and other lands " as their dam would cover and to keep the 
same constantly flowed for four years. After that the water was 
to be drawn off on the first day of April and not to be flowed 
again before the twenty-ninth of September following. They 
and their "heirs, executors, administrators and assigns" were 
to enjoy the grant so long as they maintained the mill or mills. 
The saw mill now standing upon or near the original dam is now 
the property of Putnam W. Taft. 



1691.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



113 



The following assessment for Mr. Rawson's salary was made in 
two half rates and committed to the Constables Thomas Thayer 
and Nicolas Cook to collect and pay to Mr. Rawson. 



1. Capt. Joseph White.. £02 02 08 

2. Leut. Chapin 02 02 00 

3. ffardin Thayer 02 08 10 

4. Walter Cook & Nicolas 01 14 00 

5. Josiah Torrey 01 01 06 

6. Samll Read 02 09 10 

7. James Lovet 02 00 08 

8. Benjamin Wheelock.. 01 14 08 

9. James Albee 01 04 08 

10. John Rockett 1 03 06 

11. Joseph Rocket 00 19 08 

12. William Holbrook. ... 00 15 00 

13. Samll. Cook 1 13 02 

14. John Thomson, Jun. . . 00 10 06 

15. Peter Holbrook 01 17 00 

16. John Thompson, sen. . 01 12 10 

17. Jacob Aldrich 01 08 10 

18. Joseph White 00 15 10 

19. Abraham Staples, sen. 01 11 08 

20. Decpn Warfield 01 02 00 

21. Angel Torrey 00 13 04 

22. John Andrus 00 14 00 

23. Joseph Plumley 00 18 02 

24. Job Tiler & Samuel. . . 01 18 00 

25. Eliazer Wheelock 00 18 04 

26. Abraham Staples, jr.. 00 13 00 

27. Robert Taft 01 15 02 

28. Tim Winter 01 05 08 

29. John Cook 00 15 08 

30. Robert Hall 00 10 00 

31. Samll. Hayward 01 14 02 

32. William Hayward 00 07 00 



33. Widdow Thayer 00 09 00 

34. Thomas Thayer 00 10 04 

35. Samll. Thayer 00 10 04 

36. Denis Darling 00 11 02 

37. John Warfield, jr 00 15 00 

38. John Darling 00 13 04* 

39. Thomas White 00 14 10 

40. Seth Chapin 00 15 00 

41. Benjem Wheaton 00 10 10 

42. Robert Corbit 00 09 08 

43. James bick 01 13 04 

44. Nicholas Mead 01 00 00 

45. Josiah Thayer 00 09 04 

46. Jacob Staples 00 15 02 

47. Samll. pecok 00 06 08 

48. John Peck 00 18 00 

49. Estate of late Samll. 

Shepard 00 14 08 

50. Capt. John Smith 00 04 08 

51. Georg Sumner 00 04 08 

52. Samll. More 00 07 00 

53. John Jones 00 04 08 

54. Savill Simpson 00 04 08 

55. Widow Harber 00 08 02 

56. Ruth bundy 00 04 08 

57. Steven Lazell 00 04 08 

58. Sarah Fairbanks 00 07 00 

59. Samll. Chapin 00 02 04 

60. Thomas Lewis 00 02 04 

61. Lineford's Lot 00 04 08 

62. John Dicks 00 02 04 



For the above rate it was voted that one-third part should be 
levied upon "y e Lotts proportionably," one-third part upon "y 8 
heads of y e severall persons Rate abell a.nd one-third part upon 
Chatels & Improved Land " as the law directs. The Select- 
men were to take a new valuation forthwith. 

Eleazer Wheelock was granted a piece of land on the backside 

15 



114 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1692. 

of his now dwelling house provided "y e said Whelock shall not 
debar any person from fetching stones out of said land. " 

Land was granted this year to Eleazer Wheelock, Eobert Hall, 
*Mr. Rawson and Capt. John Smith. Mr. Rawson had the south 
part of a pond (north of Wheelock's factory in Uxbridge) "as 
a full Allowance for what land the other part of said pond doth 
take up of his land," his line running through it. 

April 7. The Selectmen with Dea. John Warfield, Jacob Ald- 
•rich and Nicolas Cook, a committee chosen by the town, laid 
out the highways to the North meadows, one by Hope Tiler's 
cellar and the other through Josiah Torrey's great lot. 



1692. Jan. 4. Selectmen chosen were Capt. Josiah Chapin, 
Mr. Josiah Torrey, Samuel Hayward, James Albee and Samuel 
Read. Seth Chapin and Samuel Thayer, Constables, and Tim- 
othy Winter, John Rocket and Angel Torrey, Surveyors of 
Highways. 

The instructions to the Selectmen, passed Jan. 1, 1682, were, 
by a vote of the town, still continued. 

Feb. 12. The Selectmen ordered that " no person shall cutt 
or peal any pine trees upon y e Towne Common, In order to y e 
making of Rozen, upon y e penalty of one shilling a tree, one- 
half to the Informer y e other half to y e use of y e town. " 

March 11. The Selectmen laid out a highway to Eleazer 
Wheelock's house near the Great (Blackstone) River, also a way 
by Abraham Staples 1 house towards said river and also a four rod 
way to go into the neck of land below Mr. Rawson's farm. 
From this we find that Abraham Staples and Eleazer Wheelock 
lived in what is known as Rist's city in the northeasterly part of 
Uxbridge. 

March 28. In consideration of ten acres of land and a small 
swamp, Mr. Rawson discharged the town of four pounds, due 
from William Holbrook and Edward Pratt, on the rate for his 
salary. A convenient way of settling parish taxes while the 
common lands held out, but as all things come to an end, the 
common land was finally used up. The parish tax came to be 
paid like all other taxes. 

* The Minister. 



1692.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 115 



THE NORTH PURCHASE. 

It would seem that fifty families, for some time, at least, 
would have been content with the eight miles square, the origi- 
nal grant, but, like larger communities, we find them, thus 
early, eager to extend their jurisdiction as well as to enlarge 
their borders. To their credit, be it said, they acknowledged the 
Indian title to the desired tract, and by their committee, amica- 
bly negotiated with them for its purchase. Lying upon the 
north line of that part of Mendon, now Milford, to this day it is 
familiarly known as the North Purchase. 

The following deed, supposed to be authentic, is copied from 
a record in the Proprietors' book: 

" To all Christian Poeple to whom these presents may come, Know 
ye that John Awassamog, Amos Awassamog and Peter Ephraim heirs to 
John Awassamog, late of Natick deceased, for good and valuable considera- 
tions them thereunto moving, and especially for & in consideration of the 
sum of three pounds Sterling money to them in hand paid by Ferdinando 
Thayer, Joseph White, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, Samuel Hay- 
ward, James Lovet and Samuel Read, seniour, Committee for the Town of 
Mendon in the County of Suffolk in the Colony of Massachusetts in New 
England the receipt whereof they do acknowledge themselves by these 
presents and thereof and of every part and parcel thereof, doth exhonerate, 
acquit and discharge the said Ferdinando Thayer, Joseph White, Josiah 
Chapin, Abraham Staples, Samuel Hayward, James Lovet and Samuel 
Read, their heirs and assigns forever by these presents have given, granted, 
bargained & sold, enfoeffed & confirmed, unto Ferdinando Thayer, Joseph 
White, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, Samuel Hayward, James Lovet 
and Samuel Read their heirs and assigns forever by these presents have given, 
granted, bargained & sold enfoeffed and confirmed and do by these presents 
give, grant, bargain, sell, enfoeff and confirm unto Ferdinando Thayer, 
Joseph White, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, Samuel Hayward, James 
Lovet and Samuel Read of Mendon aforesaid their heirs and assigns forever. 
A Certain Tract of Land lying upon the north side of the Township of Men- 
don, butted and bounded as follows: Southerly upon Mendon line and 
easterly upon Sherborne line to the height of Mispenock Pond and north- 
erly upon a line of marked trees until it comes to Mispenock Pond, west- 
erly partly upon the above said Mispenock pond and partly upon a river 
commonly known as Mendon Mill River home to the Mendon line afore- 
said, with all the trees, timber, woods and underwoods standing, lying or 
growing thereon with all the meadows, swamps, water courses, ponds and 
brooks lying within the said tract of land as it is bounded, with all the 



116 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1692. 

privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or any wise appertaining 
thereunto togetherer with a full and free confirmation of all lands formerly 
sold by John Awassamog, father of the above said Awassamogs, late of 
Natick, deceased, to the Town of Mendon aforesaid, as it is butted and 
bounded in the deed and confirmed by the General Court. To Have and 
to hold, the said Tract of land as it is butted and bounded, together with 
all the trees, timber, woods and underwoods standing, lying and growing 
thereon, with all the meadows, swamps, brooks and waters courses within 
the said tract of land with all other privileges and appurtenances any way 
appertaining or belonging thereunto unto Ferdinando Thayer, Joseph 
White, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, Samuel Hayward, James Lovet 
and Samuel Read their heirs and assigns forever. The said John Awassa- 
mog, Amos Awossamog and Peter Ephraim do covenant, promise and 
grant by these pi^esents that the said Awassamogs and Peter Ephraim are 
the proper owners of the said tract of Land, that they are free from all 
manner of bargains, sales, gifts, grants, titles, mortgages, actions, suits, 
arrests, attachments, judgments, executions, & incumbrances whatsoever 
from the beginning of the world to the time of the sale and bargain thereof. 
And the said Awassamogs and Peter Ephraim do covenant, piomise & 
grant by these presents all and singular the bargained promises with all the 
appurtenances to warrant, acquit and defend unto the said Ferdinando 
Thayer, Joseph White, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, Samuel Hay- 
ward, James Lovet & Samuel Read their heirs and assigns forever against 
all Indians or any other person or persons whatsoever from by or under 
them claiming any right title or interest in or unto the same or any part 
thereof by these presents, and that it shall and may be lawful far the said 
Ferdinando Thayer, Joseph White, Josiah Chapin, Abraham Staples, 
Samuel Hayward, James Lovet and Samuel Read their heirs and assigns to 
record and enroll or cause to be recorded and enrolled the title and tenor of 
these presents according to the true intent and meaning thereof and ac- 
cording to the usual manner, of recording deeds and evidences in such case 
made & provided and to acknowledge the same before lawful authority 
wheu called thereunto 

In witness whereof the said John Awassamog, Amos Awassamog, and 
Peter Ephraim set to their hands & seals this nineteenth day of February, 
in the year of our Lord sixteen hundred ninety one or two and in the third 
year of the reign of William & Mary, King and Queen of England. 

Signed, sealed and delivered and John Awassamog, [l. s.] 

possession given in presence of us his Ik mark. 

Joseph White, Jr., «. Amos Awassamog, [l. s.] 

Saml. Read, Jr. his Q mark. 

Peter Ephraim, [ii. s.] 
his PE. mark. 



1693.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 117 

The record of this year is closed by a' copy of the rate made 
for the payment of Mr. Eawson's salary from the 25th of Octo- 
ber 1G91 to the 25th of October 1692. On it I do not find the 
names of Robert Corbit, Estate of Samuel Sheperd, Capt. John 
Smith, George Sumner, Saml. More, John Jones, Savill Simp- 
son, Widow Harber, Ruth Bundy, Steven Lazell, Sarah Fair- 
banks. Saml. Chapin, Lineford's Lott and John Dick's, which 
appeared on the assessment of 1691; and Saml. Read, Jr., and 
Nathaniel Fox are found on the assessment of 1692, and not on 
that of 1691. 



1693. This year the Selectmen and other town officers were 
not chosen until March. 

At a meeting, Jan, 2, the town voted that "every person listed 
in the train band shall give one days work, annually, for cutting 
and carting wood to the Minister." The Selectmen to give one 
day's notice of the time and place. 

March 1. For Selectmen, Ensign James Lovet, Serg. Peter 
Hoi brook, Thomas Lewis, Robert Taft and James Albee; Town 
Clerk, Samuel Read; Commissioner of Assessments, Timothy 
Winter; Constables, William Holbrook and Angel Torrey; Clerk 
of y e Market, Capt. Josiah Chapin; Tything Men, Benjamin 
Wheelock, Samuel Hayward and Samuel Tiler. 

This is the first time mention is made of the Commissioner of 
Assessments, Clerk of the Market and Tything Men. 

The Commissioner of Assessments was chosen to assist the 
Selectmen in taking a valuation of the ratable property with the 
number of polls. 

The poll tax for this year was ten shillings, and all were to be 
taxed except members of the Council, settled ministers and 
grammar-school masters and others devoted to the ministry and 
students of the college. The feeble-minded to be free of the 
poll tax, at the direction of the Selectmen. This act, by which 
towns were authorized to choose a Commissioner of Assess- 
ments, was, by its closing section, only to remain in force for 
the year 1692. The tax upon property was one-quarter part of 
the income for the year, and it was granted "their most excel- 



118 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1693. 

lent majesties " (William and Mary) to carry on the war with 
the French and Indians. 

Tithing Men were to present all idle and disorderly persons, 
profane swearers or cursers, Sabbath-breakers and disorderly 
persons, that they may be duly punished and discouraged. They 
were also to look after the licensed houses. Their badge of 
office was a black staff, two feet long, tipped at one end with 
brass about three inches. 

The Clerk of the Market was principally engaged in looking 
after the assize of bread. 

" The undersigned having been chosen a Committee by the town for the 
purpose of giving the Selectmen instructions, have agreed upon the fol- 
lowing : 

1. That they make such orders which may clear or secure the town from 
the penalty of the law. 

2. That they take care to make a Rate for Mr. Rawson's salary and see 
the same discharged according to the town's Agreement. 

3. That they make effectual orders for the preservation of woods and 
timber upon the town's commons. 

4. That they see that all bounds be kept up and maintained between all 
particular persons and the town's commons, and where any have taken and 
broken up any part of y e highways that they see that y e first stated bounds 
be still continued and kept up till y e towne take further order. 

5. That they take order, as the law directs, for the making and issuing 
forth a Town Rate as whereby all such of the town's debts as shall appear 
to be justly due from the town to any particular person or persons since 
the year one thousand six hundred eighty and five may be discharged. 

6. For the Encouragement of keepiu Sheep, that they make such an 
order as may be effectual for the cleaning such highways as lie within the 
towne, so as that the bushes may be thoroughly subdued; provided they do 
not impose or require more than six days in a year upon a single poll or 
head about clearing of bushes. 

7. That they Impower the Surveyors of Highways to repair all such 
Bridges that stand in need of Reparation, for the Town's use and for mend- 
ing of highways. 

Jo si ah Chapin 
Timothy Winter 
Samuel Read 
josiah torrey-" 

March 16. Deacon Warneld had his parish tax foregone, 
" provided that he take care of y e Meeting House, to sweep and 
take care of the clores that they be not damnified." 



1693.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 119 

May 1. Oapt. Josiali Cliapin had a grant of "four score and 
ten acres of land ? ' for services as Eepresentative, and Samuel 
Read had forty-five acres for a like purpose. 

Capt. Cliapin was chosen in 1689 "to advise with the Counsel 
for the Safety of the Poeple," at the time of the deposition of 
Andros; but no mention, in the town record, is made of the 
election of Samuel Read as Representative. 

This year Mr. Rawson's salary was raised by an assessment of 
half a crown upon the poll and the rest upon land and stock 
• ' from a year old and upwards. " 

May 23. Timothy Winter was chosen Representative to the 
General Court, and Josiali Cliapin, Sanil. Read, Saml. Hayward 
and Josiali Torry were chosen a Committee to give him instruc- 
tions. 

The Committee met and agreed upon the following instruc- 
tions. 

" Imp 1 " You shall take effectual care to represent to the General Court 
the great wrong we doe Conceive is done to us by the County Commission- 
ers In Returning that for our Town's proportion to the thirty thousand 
pounds granted Their Majes^ 8 - which is far greater than Law or Reason 
Recpiers; and to evince this You are to lay before them these severall 
things, Inserted in the Law entitled an Act for regulating y e former Assess- 
ment, which law, as all others, looke we upon to bee a parte of our Inheri- 
tance and Eaqually binding to all. 

1. In the law passed Dec. 15, 1G92, it is Enacted that the Country Com- 
missioners shall pass into y e several Towns of such County for which they 
shall be chosen, at or before the twenty-second of February, 1692, and 
there joyn themselves to the Selectmen and town Commissioner of each 
town who made the former list and doe all further things with them, as in 
said section are Required, which thing was never don although we Ex- 
pected their coming and ware prepared to Intertain them. 

2. That in order to theire being insolved into a grand Committee to take 
an account of y e sum to tall* off of each list, they must first have y e second 
List of each Towne In y e severall Counties examined, regulated & perfected 
as y e former law directs and therefore wee, who thought ourselves well 
defended by that which each English subject accounts his right and privi- 
lege, are surprised to see ourselves Doomed Contrary to Law and Reason, 
especially considering that y e Law as their Rule Is all along referred unto, 
and therefore wee cannot look upon ourselves as any ways Concerned In 
what Acts the sd Commissioners of Suffolk have made as a Comittee, hav- 
ing been noe ways transacted According to Law, and further then soe wee 
take not ourselves obliged. 



* Contraction of tallar (Spanish) to cut off. 



120 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1693. 

3. In case that the Bridg over Nipmuck River (the Blackstone) should be 
brought into Discourse In the Generall Assembly then you are to goe to 
the Secretary and take out of y e Records a Copy, If not gotten before, of 
what was done by the Court In y e year 82 or three, Conserning a bridg 
over sd River and Labor what possibly you can that it may be continued a 
County bridg, and If need further direction or Assistance from the Town 
In this or any of your Instructions then you are by the first opportunity to 
signify it to the Committee. 

josiah chapin 

Samll. Read 

Saml. Hay ward, his ^ mark. 

JOSIAH TORREY. 

The reasons for these instructions were based, undoubtedly, 
upon the following considerations: 'June 24, 1692, the General 
Assemby, as we have before seen, passed an act for raising money 
to prosecute the French and Indian war, and set forth the mode 
and manner in which it should be assessed and collected. The 
act mentioned no definite sum to be raised, but fixed the poll 
tax at ten shillings and the property tax at one cptarter part of 
the tax payer's annual income. Certain defects were found to 
interfere with the assessment and collection of the tax, and Dec. 
15 of the same year another act was passed intended to be ex- 
planatory of the first, and fixing the sum to be raised at £30,- 
000. Under this act two Commissioners of Assessments for each 
County were chosen by the General Court; who were to visit each 
town in their respective counties and, with the Selectmen and 
Town Commissioner of Assessments, review the assessments 
made under the first act and revise and correct the same. It is 
understood, from the instructions, that the County Commission- 
ers did not come to Mendon before the new assessment was 
made and the town was doomed for its proportion of the £30,- 
000. Hence it was held that the assessment was invalid and 
the Kepresentative to the General Court was instructed to pro- 
cure a redress of the grievance. 

The County tax made July 15, was for forty shillings, as will 
appear by the following receipt : 

" Rec this 27 October 1693 of Mr. William Holbrook forty shillings in 
Current money for Mendon County Rate 

£2:00:00 pt. Jer. Dummer, County Tresyer." 



1694.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 121 

Iii the rate for Mr. Rawson's salary we miss the names of Dea. 
Warfield, (tax commuted by taking care of the meeting house) 
John Andrus, Job Tiler, Seth Chapin, Nicolas Mead, Nathaniel 
Fox and Samuel Pecok, and find the names of Isaac Thayer, John 
Lovet, Thomas Taft, Elicksander Bogle and Isaac Linerson not 
hefore assessed. 



1694. Jan. 1. It was voted at a town meeting held this 
day, that John Thompson should have the ''old Meeting 
House," he paying for the same the sum of four pounds in 
current money of New England on or hefore Jan. 1, 1695, 
and Capt. Chapin was chosen to receive the same and " im- 
prove it towards the finishing of the new meeting house." 

At this meeting the inevitable James Bick is still " master of 
the situation" in his controversy with the town about the 
" smithery work," as we find Mr. Josiah Torrey, Timothy Win- 
ter and Samuel Hay ward were chosen a committee "to agree 
with him, if it may be, or other waves to prosecut In Cors of 
Law untill the Controversy be Issued and that they doe it with- 
in six months." 

It was also voted that the annual meeting for the choice of 
officers should be held on the first Monday in March. 

It seems, this year, the town was determined to have a correct 
valuation, as they directed the Selectmen and the Commission- 
ers of Assessments " to go from house to house so as to arrive 
at a true and correct valuation," and in case any one did not an- 
swer truly " he to pay duble for y e same, one half to the In- 
former and one-half to the town." 

March 5, being the first annual meeting held in March, Capt. 
Josiah Chapin, Samuel Read, Sergt. Staples, Sergt. Holbrook and 
Thomas Thayer were chosen Selectmen; Eliazer Wheelock and 
John Darling, Constables; Ensigne Lovet, Commissioner, and 
Samuel Read, Clerk. Surveyors, Fence Viewers and Tithing 
men were also chosen. 

Notwithstanding the labours of the committee, chosen Jan. 1, 
James Bick is still refractorv. He won't do the blacksmith work 
nor quit the town's land; and so Mr. Josiah Torrey was to have 

16 



122 ANNALS OF MENDON. (1694. 

a letter of attorney, in the name and hehalf of the town, to 
bring the controversy to an end by due course of law. 

It seems the training field was not in a proper condition for 
any very extensive military evolutions, as it was, at this time, 
leased to Peter Holbrook for seven years, in consideration that 
he should clear it of hushes and have it " fitt for Pastur." 

It was voted that any of the proprietors of the town might im- 
prove a portion of the highway against their own land for six 
years, in consideration that they should clear the other part, at 
the beginning of the six years, and at the end, lay down the part 
they had improved, and leave the road at its full breadth as it 
was originally, that is, ten rods wide. 

Up to this time we do not learn that any labor had been be- 
stowed on the highways, except to keep the bushes down, so that 
a way for a cart and oxen could be found somewhere, within the 
ten rods wide, by shunning the trees and rocks. 

This year the office of assessors is mentioned for the first 
time. In pursuance of a warrant from the Province Treasurer, 
the town assembled July 17, 1694, and chose Capt. Joseph 
White, Jacob Aldrich and William Holbrook as Assessors for 
the year ensuing. Capt. White declining to serve, James Lovet 
was chosen in his stead, and the first Board of Assessors was then 
sworn into office, as the law directs: 

It was voted that Jacob Aldrich might improve the whole 
tract laid out for " a burying 6 place,'" for a pasture (only ex- 
cluding all swine) so long as he shall keep it inclosed with a five- 
rail fence, and allow Deacon Warfield the privilege of a passage 
to the brook for water, he, the said Aldrich, " to subjoine his 
Ingagement under his hand In the publick Records." 

No engagement of Jacob Aldrich being found upon record it 
presumed that he found pasturage elsewhere, and that Dea. War- 
field continued to cross the graveyard for water without let or 
hindrance. 

In a settlement between Elizabeth Parker, relict of John 
More, formerly of Mendon, and the town, it was found that the 
balance of the accounts due her was £1.02.04. Among the 
items with which the town was charged was one of £1.15.00, 
" for making y e pound and stocks." By this it will be seen that 



1694. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 123 

the town early provided the means of restraining damage fea- 
sant whether committed by man or beast. 

BOUNTY OX WOLVES. 

Although the order of the Selectmen offering a bounty of 20 
shillings for killing a wolf was repealed May 10, 1669, "upon 

Goodman Thayer's motion and reason he gave," we still find, by 
the following memorandum, that a price had been again set upon 
his head. 

' ' Wolves killed. 

Eliazer Wheeloek : one woulf killed Jan. 25, 1964 £1.00.00 

William Holbrook, two wolves; one Apr. 13 & one May 1, 1694. . . 2.00.00 

Thomas White, one wolf Mar. 3, 1694 1 00.00 

John Thomson, one wolf May 4, 1694 1.00.00 



£5.00.00" 



A rate was made this year to defray the indebtedness of the 
town from y e year 1685 until 1693, and delivered to William 
Holbrook then Constable, " with an order upon the back side" 
to pay the several sums to the persons whose names where there- 
upon written and which are as follows, viz: 

To Timothy Winter for service as Representative & other ser- 
vices £10 08 

To Capt. Chapin 01 18 02 

To Ferdinando Thayer 01 13 06 

To Capt White 00 11 03 

To Decon Warfield 01 03 04 

To Angell Torrey 00 01 02 

To Joseph White 00 02 00 

To Jonathan Fairbanks 00 17 06 

To Samuel Hayward 00 15 06 

To John Thompson, Sen 00 08 08 

To Peter Holbrook 00 07 08 

To Samuel Read 01 16 00 

To Nicolas Cook 00 02 03 

To John Lovet 00 04 06 

To Sergt, Staple 00 08 00 

To Ensigne Lovet 00 08 00 

To John Thomson & Thomas White 00 13 04 

To Seth Chapin & John Thomson 00 06 08 

To Eleazer Wheeloek & Abraham Staple 01 00 00 



124 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1694. 

To William Holbrook 02 06 08 

To Jacob Aldrich 00 06 08 

To Robert Taft 00 00 10 

To John Rockit 00 02 03 

To John Darling 00 02 03 

More (balance) to Samll. Read for y e town's use 00 06 08 

£26 10 10 

The above accounts were for services rendered to or money 
paid for the town. They were audited by the Selectmen and 
and directed to be paid, as above, without being reported to the 
town. Happy the town whose aggregate indebtedness for nine 
years could be liquidated for the sum of twenty-six pounds ten 
shillings and ten pence. 

Two rates for Mr. Rawson's salary and one for £8.10.03 "to 
procure a town stock of ammunition as the law directs " com- 
plete the record for the year. 



1695. This year opens with the closing of the controversy 
with James Bick (the Toavii Clerk always spelled bis name with 
a small b), who, for some reason, had failed to fulfil his contract 
with the town to do "the smithery work." 

His ten-acre lot, with all the rights and privileges belonging 
to it, was sold by the town to Samuel Cook for twenty-five 
pounds, "Current money of New England;" and Mr. Josiah 
Torrey was empowered by the town to give a deed in behalf of 
the town, and take security of Cook for the purchase money. 

By the law of Nov. 16, 1692, any person coming into town 
and residing there for the space of three months without being 
properly warned out, gained a settlement therein. In accord- 
ance with this law, Jan. 24, Thomas Fuller, his wife and child, 
were "duly warned to Departe the town." They came into the 
town Dec 11, 1694. 

Josiah Chapin, Robert Taft and Samuel Read were chosen a 
committee, in 1693, to ascertain whether Timothy Winter had 
enclosed any of the town's land within his fence. January 24th 
they reported that he had taken in one acre and thirty-two rods, 
and to which they set up definite metes and bounds. The mat- 
ter was amicably adjusted by Mr. Winter for the trespass, he 



1695.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 125 

paying the sum of fifteen shillings; "and which fifteen shillings 
is to be allowed to sd Winter for part of his wages for attending 
the General Assembly." 

This one acre and thirty-two rods, being situated in the vicin- 
ity of Pond Hills, may have been the identical tract of land, for 
the ownership of which, some thirty years ago, there was carried 
on a protracted and expensive course of litigation. 

March 4. At a "Generall Towne meetting," Capt. Josiah 
Chapin, Samuel Read, sen., Sergt. Staples, Sergt, Holbrook and 
William Holbrook were chosen Selectmen; Robert Taft and 
Josiah Thayer, Constables; Samuel Read, Clerk; and Ensign 
Lovet, Commissioner of Assessments. Tithing Men, Surveyors 
of Highways and Fence Viewers were also chosen. 

At this meeting it was voted " that all persons that have taken 
in any of the highways or town's common and do not, at or be- 
fore the fifteenth of March Instant, Lay downe the same for 
Common and move there fences off the same, (or Come and 
Agree with the Selectmen for the same at a price, and have the 
same entered upon the towne Record, att or before the fifteenth 
of April Next Insuing the date hereof. ) shall pay to the towne, 
as a fine, the sum of twelve pence per rod, for every Rod so Im- 
proved or In combered for the space of one month after the fif- 
teenth of April Afore said and so from month to month untill 
laid downe againe." It will be remembered that the early roads 
were laid out " to the full breadth of ten rods wide," and up to 
this time, the record shows that the towns were disposed to keep 
their ancient limits, 

In the olden time, as well as at later date, the good people of 
Mendon, it seems, sometimes complained of the doings of the 
County Commissioners. In 1693, Timothy Winter was chosen 
Representative to the General Court, and was instructed to rep- 
resent to the General Court the wrong done the town by the 
County Commissioners of Assessments, in rating them too high 
(dooming them) for their proportion of the £30,000 granted to 
William and Mary to carry on the French and Indian war. 

It seems the Representative did not meet with success in bis 
endeavors to abate the grievance complained of, for at this time, 
1695, we find the town voting as follows, viz: 

• • Att a publicke towne meeting, the towne beinge Legaly Convened to 



126 ANNALS OF MENDON. | 1695. 

take notice of and act upon A Warent Received by the Select men from the 
Treasurer Comanding the payment of sixty five pounds, said to bee 
y town's proportion to y e two last payments of the thirty thousand 
pounds." 

" That they saw noe Reson to proceed to a New Valuation, It being in 
their apprehension. Contrary to y<= Act Intitled an Act for Regulating the 
former Assessment and for granting an Addishanall supply, which Act they 
fully acquisce in & doe hereby declare their Resolution to stand by, and 
that If the Tresurer shall pleas Transmitt a list qualified According to sd 
Act they will Redely yeeld them selves obliged to pay their Respective As- 
sessment determinable thereby." 

For the security of the Selectmen "for not acting according 
to any other method " in the premises, and in case they should 
be put to cost, they were authorized "to reimburse themselves, 
ther heyrs, Executors or Administrators by making a town rate 
to be paid to them or their order forthwith." 

Thomas Thayer, Abraham Staples, Joseph White, Jr.. Josiah 
Thayer and Samuel Read agreed with the Selectmen " to take 
in portions of the highway adjoining their several estates, not 
exceeding five rods in width, provided they cleared up Y e other 
part of y e highway for y e space of six years and then laying it 
down for y e town's use." 

At the same time a piece of land was granted Robert Taft be- 
tween the four-rod highway leading to the South meadow and 
the Pond, being one half an acre, more or less, not to intrench 
upon the road, nor come within four rods of the bank of the 
pond, and so leaving a way, straight, from the four-rod highway 
by his house to the pond, of six or eight rods wide. 

The Selectmen " filed a bill No. 40 "to pay the bounty on 
wolves this year. 

"Two killed by Eleazer Wheelock, 1 March 12 and 1 April 10. 
One killed by John Thomson May 6." 

The two semi-annual rates for the payment of Mr. Rawson's 
salary were made as usual, in one of which were two columns. 
The first column was country pay, such as the town raised (see 
Mr. Rawson's Settlement), and the second was money, as fol- 
lows: 

Names. Country pay. Money. 

Capt. Joseph White £00 16 08 £00 04 05 

Capt. Chapin 01 02 04 00 06 01 



1695.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. ' 127 



ffardin Thayer £01 00 10 £00 06 00 

Josiah Torrey 00 11 08 00 03 02 

Samll. Read* 01 02 10 00 06 04 

Ensigne Lovet 00 12 05 00 03 04 

Abraham Staples sen 00 17 10 00 04 09 

Peter Holbrook 00 12 03 00 03 04 

John Thomson, sen r 00 15 10 00 04 02 

Jacob Aldrich 01 02 02 00 06 00 

Angel Torrey 00 06 04 00 01 06 

Joseph Plumley 00 06 11 00 01 07 

Job Tiler 00 05 01 00 01 03 

Eleazer Wheelock 00 09 00 00 02 06 

Abraham Staples, Jr 00 07 08 00 02 00 

Samll. Tiler 00 13 03 00 03 08 

Robert Taft 00 14 06 00 03 09 

Widow Winter 00 05 09 00 01 06 

John Cook 00 09 02 00 02 06 

Samll. Hayward 00 12 06 00 03 04 

Wm. Hayward 00 09 03 00 02 06 

Thomas Thayer 00 12 02 00 03 04 

Samll. Thayer 00 12 02 00 03 04 

Denes Darling 00 07 04 00 02 00 

John Darling 00 09 06 00 02 07 

Benj e Wheelock 00 15 10 00 04 04 

James Albee 00 13 09 00 03 10 

John Rocket 00 11 08 00 03 03 

Joseph Rocket 00 11 00 00 02 10 

Willi Holbrook 00 13 03 00 03 09 

Samll. Cook 00 06 02 00 01 08 

John Thomson Jr 00 05 05 00 01 03 

Joseph White 00 09 08 00 02 07 

Thomas White 00 06 05 00 01 09 

Seth Chapin 00 11 02 00 03 01 

James Bick 00 14 11 00 04 00 

Benj tt Wheton 00 05 07 00 01 03 

John Peck 00 07 11 00 02 02 

Josiah Thayer 00 10 06 00 02 11 

Jacob Stapls 00 07 05 00 02 01 

Samll. Read, Jr 00 11 03 00 03 00 

Isaac Thayer 00 06 01 00 01 00 

Decon Warfield 00 05 11 00 01 06 

John Lovet 00 04 03 00 01 03 

Thomas Taft 00 06 09 00 01 09 

Benj e Albee 00 04 01 00 01 02 

Isaac Linerson 00 08 02 00 02 03 

Elieksauder Bogle 00 05 07 00 01 06 



128 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1696. 

John Tiler £00 10 07 £00 02 10 

Nicolas Cook 00 10 02 00 02 08 

Samll. Coy 00 04 05 00 01 03 

Samll. Warfield 00 03 04 00 01 00 

James Ford 00 03 00 00 01 00 

Cornelius Darling 00 04 01 00 01 02 

£23 03 09 £ 8 00 00 

From this assessment we find that the " Country pay" 
amounted to £23.03.09, while the " Money" amounted to but 
£8.00.00. The country pay was comprised in the items of pork, 
wheat, barley, Indian corn, rye, peas, beef and work, and two 
pounds of butter from every cow. The different articles were to 
be taken at the mean price of the market. The minister's salary 
for 1695 would hardly supply the means for a flying visit to 
Europe, or even a lengthy travel at home. The minister of 
1880. it is supposed, would have no objection to the two pounds 
of butter for every cow. 

A Country tax was also levied of £4.05.11, four pounds of 
which was to be paid to Jeremiah Dummer, Esq., Treasurer, 
and the balance to the Town Clerk. 



1696. March 2. Capt. Josiah Chapin, Lieut. Josiah Torrey, 
Samuel Read, Samuel Hayward and Samuel Cook were chosen 
Selectmen, Benjamin Wheelock and William Hayward Consta- 
bles, and Samuel Read Town Clerk. 

The selectmen were to be governed by the instructions given 
for the Selectmen of 1693 (to which, reference may be had), 
thus leaving to the people but few subjects for municipal action. 
The occasional orders of the Selectmen, recorded in the town 
book, it is presumed, furnish but few of the doings of the Se- 
lectmen; and hence we are left in ignorance of many transactions 
which would be matters of interest in the present day and gen- 
eration. 

There are but few recorded transactions of the town during 
this year. " Deacon Warfield was to have fifteen shillings for 
sweeping the Meeting House (thirty feet square & no pews) the 
past year and the same for the year to come, to be assessed with 
Mr. Rawson's salary." 



1696.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 129 

The controversy with James Bick, the blacksmith, was finally 
closed this year, by choosing Capt. Chapin, Ensign Lovet and 
Samuel Read, sen., a committee to adjust the account of Mr. 
Josiah Torrey, "for his pains and truble about y e land James 
bick was possessed of," and to receive the balance of the money 
which may remain in his hand "after his charg is responded;" 
and also to receive the bond which Samuel Cook gave for the 
payment of the purchase money for Bick's land. As Mr. James 
Bick would not do "the town's smithery work," nor pay for the 
land according to his agreement, it is probable that there was no 
amicable adjustment made with him, but that the matter was 
settled by "process of law." 

The following Power-of- Attorney is copied from the Town 
Book, to show a more excellent way for settling controversies 
about the division of land, or reconciling the disagreements 
about boundaries: 

" Know all Men by these presents that I, Thomas Lewis of Bristoll, Doe 
Constitute And Appoint ray w T ell beloved friend Capt. Josiah Chapin, of 
Mendon, In my Roome and stead for to Joyne with sergent Abraham Sta~ 
pies, of Mendon aforesaid to Devid A percell of medow that belonged to 
John Parris's Lot in Mendon Now Eaqually belonging to me the said Lewis 
and ye Above sd Staples, and doe by these presents bind myself my heyers, 
Executors, administrators and Assignes to stand to their Agreement about 
ye devision of sd medow, and after the decision is made to cause the same 
to be recorded, as witnes my hand this 9th of January 1695-6. 

Thomas Lewis." 

How many costly and vexatious law-suits that, not very infre- 
quently, drag their slow length along, engendering strifes and 
bitterness through two or three successive generations, might be 
avoided by referring the issue to the kindly arbitration of neigh- 
bors and friends. 

Happy the town that can conclude its transactions for the 
year by a record of equal love and good will w r ith the above. 

I find that Thomas Lewis was taxed in 1691, 1692 and 1693. 
He was chosen one of the Selectmen in 1693, but declined serv- 
ing, and Samuel Bead was chosen in his stead. From whence 
he came is not known. 

The following petition, although dated in 1695. was not in- 
serted in the transactions of that year, from the fact that it was 
not acted on by the General Court until 1696: 

Town's, Vol. 113, p. 130. 

17 



130 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1696. 

' ' To the Much Honoured General Court Now sitting In Boston this fourth 
of December 1695. The address of Josiah Chapin Peter Holbrook & 
Josiah Torrey, Selectmen for the Town of Mendon, for this yeare, beinge 
in behalfe of said Town. 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That by virtue of an order of the Honorable 
Council your petitioners were ordered to attend upon this Honered Assem- 
bly to answer for Contempt or Neglect of attending a warrant Sent by the 
Treasurer, by order of the General Assembly, for the assessing of Sixty- 
five pounds upon our towne. In obedience to which Your Petitioners 
made their appearance and made answer that no such warrant ever came to 
their hands; nor did wee (considering what steps the regulating that tax 
required) ever judge that sum due from us, but being assured that the order 
of the General Court, since that Law enacted, must be complied with, we 
are bold to represent the low and extraordinary afflicted Estate of our town 
to your honered selves, hoping that we shall find that relief in your mercy, 
which we are out of hopes of obtaining In any other way. May it therefore 
please your Honers to be informed that our town, being a Frontier Town, 
hath, for diverse years past, for two months together, and that the chiefest 
time in y e year, been enforced to spend our time In watching and warding 
for the security of our lives and estates, which beside all the losses we sus- 
tain by being driven into heapes, amounts to a great deal more than the 
sum demanded of us ; unto which we take y e liberty of subjoining that, by 
reason of y e blast on y e English grain & the frost taking the Indian Corn 
there is not enough left to us as will (we are fully assured) serve the Town 
till y e end of May and how we shall be able to subsist we know not. There 
is nothing but a small stock of cattle left to us, the most being already en- 
forced to sell a considerable part of y e stock to answer their assessments. 
For our own part, we dread to think what will become of us and how we 
shall be able to uphold y e Ministry of y e word amongst beings so extraor- 
dinarily reduced & most every way unable to assist themselves, 

Our humble request is that the sum above expressed may be remitted to 
us & that, for the future, we may be considered with respect unto those 
yearly troubles that have been upon us & which we cannot but be in ex- 
pectation of, that we not be inforced to spend our time in securing other 
towns who are, having such an outwork, following their business without 
any such diversions and troubles & yett have small charge to grapple with, 
which will force us to pluck up stakes & seek relief and shelter where God 
shall open a door for us. 

Not further .to trouble your Honers we subscribe our selves, 
Your Honours bounded Servants. 

Josiah Chapin 
Peter Holbrook 
Josiah Torrey, 

June 16. 1696. Read in the House of Representatives. 

In answer to said petition, voted that the sum of twenty pounds be abated 



1697. J ANNALS OF MENDON. 131 

to the sd Town out of the tax of sixty five pounds assessed upon said town 
as their two last parts of the tax of £30,000 and sent up to the Lt. Governor 
& Council for Concurrence. 

Penn Townsend, Speaker. 
Read in Council & Voted a Concurrence, 

Isaac Addington, Sec." 



1697. March 1. Capt. Josiah Chapin, Samuel Read, Sen., 
Peter Holbrook, William Holbrook and Thomas Thayer were 
chosen Selectmen: Samuel Read, Sen., Town Clerk, and Samuel 
Read, Jr. and Joseph Rocket, Constables. 

At this meeting it was voted that " Mr. Rawson's salary should 
be raised according to our former law and 9 pence upon the head, 
and then double the whole until it makes up the sum." How 
this doubling was effected, no explanation is found in the record. 
The modern tax-payer sometimes thinks the modern assessor has 
discovered this process of doubling the whole until it makes up 
the sum. 

It was also voted " that the £18 demanded of us by the Colo- 
nial Treasurer should be raised the same way as Mr. Rawson's 
salary is raised. " 

Dec. 3. 1697. Amy Staples, with her child, was warned "to 
Leve and Depart the Towne," by John Rocket, one of the Con- 
stables. 

" Meudon 22d. December. Then Receaved of Lieutenant Samll. Read 
the Ten pound Ordered to me by the town vote as above to the end therein 
specified, I say Red. 

£10.00.00. pr. me, Grindal Rawson." 

These ten pounds were probably the last payment of Samuel 
Cook for the James Bick lot, as we have seen that Samuel Read, 
as Town Clerk, held the bond of Cook, and that the last pay- 
ment was to be made on or before the 25th of December, 1697. 

The record of the two semi-annual rates for the payment of 
Mr. Rawson's salary completes the doings of the year. In both 
rates fifty persons were taxed. In the first one the amount of 
the assessment was £25.12.04, of which £20.10.04 was to be in 
"country pay, such as the town raiseth," and £5.02.00 in 
money. 

The renewing the line between the Ministry and School 
meadows and Mr. Emerson's meadow, completes the transac- 
tions for the year. 



132 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1698. 

1698. March 7. Chose for Selectmen, Capt. Josiah Chapin, 
Samuel Read, Sen., Ensign James Lovet, William Holbrook and 
Samuel Thayer; Town Clerk, Samuel Eead, Sen. ; Constables, 
James Albee and Thomas Taft. 

It was voted at this meeting that Mr. Rawsoir s salary should 
be made in one rate, and in the month of September, and also 
that he should have forty cords of wood yearly, to be assessed as 
a tax and paid in at or before the 25th of October annually, and 
"if any person fail to pay his proportion, then to pay after the 
rate of four shillings a cord In marchantable pay." 

Some difference, we see, between the price of wood (4s.) in 
1698 and the price of wood (9.00) in 1875. Few parishes, we 
think, would be willing to employ a minister, nowadays and add 
forty cords of wood to his yearly salary. 

At this meeting it was voted "to grant a Streame for the In- 
coradgment of a Corn Mill within the bounds of the town;" and 
Capt. Chapin, John Rocket, Robert Taft, Sen., John Tiler and 
William Holbrook were chosen a committee "to view the streams 
and pich upon a place for that purpose and make Return of 
y e same." The records do not show that this committee made 
any report. 

The town now reconsidered the vote about Mr. Rawson's salary, 
and then voted there should be two half rates, and said nothing 
about the wood. 

' ' SAW MILL AT WOONSOCKET FALLS. 

Mendon, 21. November 1698. 
The Selectmen met and by virtue of a Towne vote upon a Training day, 
y e seventh of November instant (no record of any meeting on this day), 
whereby y e Towne Impowered y e Selectmen to give proprietors, now In- 
gaging to Erect a Saw Mill att the Falls upon the Great River, free liberty 
to Cutt timber upon the Town's Common to Erect a Saw Mill att the sd 
place, We y e subscribers Doe give Samuel Comstock, in behalf of the Pro- 
prietors, free Liberty to Cutt so much timber as will be necessary for their 
use, viz. to build the saw mill and dam. 

Samuel Read, 1 
James Lovet, Select 

Willi. Holbrook, f ™ „ 
Sam ll - Thayer, j 

The following account of Josiah Chapin is inserted here, as 
showing the manner in which accounts with the town were dis- 



1698.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



133 



posed of. Finding it among the recorded transactions of the 
town, it is presumed that it was presented and read in open town 
meeting, and there became the subject of inquiry and criticism, 
by any one who might be disposed to doubt the truthfulness or 
accuracy of its items: 

JOSIAH chapin 1683. 
24 June .82 for carting stone and sand for Mr. Rawson's 

cellar £00 04 00 

7 May, .83 for one day Josiah to fall timber for Mr. Raw- 
son's house 00 02 00 

y e year .83 for making forty rod of hedg for Mr. Rawson. 01 06 08 

for renewing bounds of church land 00 03 00 

10 Sept. .83 for killing a wolf. 10 0. one day work 2 oxen 

Is. 6 00 11 06 

28 April, 83 for one day to run line between us and Sherborn 00 02 03 

Josiah 3 days work about Mr. Rawson's frame.. 00 06 09 

for carting timber 00 01 06 

for 13 hundred 80 foot of slit work 04 11 08 

for 2 days bounding highways 00 04 06 

Sept., 84 for preferring a petition to y e General Court. . . 00 02 06 

March, 85 for timber and boards, seating of y e meeting 

house 02 10 09 

for balister for the Galery In money 00 10 00 

for five days searching Town Record 00 10 00 

19. Aprill 1686. for one day running y e line with Sherborn 00 02 03 

28 Ap ,90 for running line with Sherborn 00 02 03 

for 67 days Attending y e Court 10 01 00 

paid to y e Indian purches* 00 07 07 

for Laying y e Ministry's dubling Great Lott 00 04 00 

for 2 days time purchasing y e Indian Lands*. . . 00 04 00 
feb. 1693 for 3 days work by y e Selectmen's order In as- 

sisting the Clerk to enter y e Town Deeds and 
Comites Acts & Orders in the Second Book . . j 
for 2 Jurnis to Court December ,95 and June ,96 01 00 00 
28 October .97 for running lines about y e scoll medow, Min-1 
istry's medow and Mr. Emerson's medow y 

and between the pine swamp j 00 02 00 

26 May ,98. to boston to prefer a petition to y e court 00 10 CO 

May, 98 to bounding hy way one day 00 02 00 

1697 for one quarter of a year's sweeping y e meeting 

house by his 00 06 00 



£24 12 05 



1 The North Purchase. 



134 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1698. 

josiah chapin debtor JNov. 83 

to his proportion of a towne Rate bearing 

date 24 £02 10 00 

by Josiah Torrey 00 18 00 

by Peter Holbrook 01 00 00 

by Constable Rockit, In come 00 12 06 

by John Warfield, seniour 00 13 04 

by Constable Rocket with y e money part of ) 

his rate f 00 04 10 

by Constable Rocket 7 yards of Camblet 01 03 06 

26 Jan., 84 by Constable Rocket by 2 bushels of corn 00 06 00 

Sept., 85 to his proportion of a town rate bearing date 

Sept., 85 02 02 07 

Jan 18, 93-4 Paid by Samll. More 01 00 00 

by William Holbrook Constable, 93 01 02 02 

by Ninety Acres of Land granted to the said 
Chapin by the Town att a General Towne 
Meeting May first 1693 J 10 01 00 



£22 09 05 



If all public accounts had always been stated as clearly and 
fully as the above, and brought as plainly to the knowledge of 
the tax-payers, we should have heard but little of the venality of 
the modern office-holder, and the millions which have been 
stolen and squandered by corrupt "rings" would have remained 
in the pockets of the tax-payers or been profitably and economi- 
cally expended for the public good. 

The transactions of this year were brought to a close by the 
record of the location of three roads. 

The first was named the Wrentham road, and is, substantially, 
the present road leading from the Third District School-house 
over Mill River to Bellingham, in the direction of Wrentham. 
This road was two rods wide. 

The second road was laid out from Dedham line, between 
Peter's River and our Mill River, it being the road to Rehoboth, 
and was four rods wide. It is a portion of the present road to 
Providence, R. I., through the easterly part of Blackstone. 

The third road began at the " Iron works at the Falls," and 
was laid out northerly until it came to the Rehoboth road at 
Grave Meadow Brook. This road, with little alteration, is the 



1699.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 135 

present road from Mention to Woonsocket, by the way of the 
Five Corners (so called) in Blackstone. 

Grave Meadow Brook was so named from its proximity to an 
Indian burying place; and is the brook whereon Solomon 
Pratt's trip-hammer shop once stood. Possibly the site of this 
burying yard may have been the same with the location of the 
present burying place near Blackstone line. 



1699. Jan. 16. At a town meeting held this day, our pas- 
tor. Mr. Grindal Rawson, Deacon John Warfield and Samuel 
Read were chosen a committee "to seat the Meeting House.'' 
From this vote it is presumed that the pew had not yet found 
its way into the meeting house, and that there had been no per- 
manent appropriation of seats. The duty of this committee, it 
is supposed, was to assign the seats, for the time being, so that 
each family should readily find its allotted place. 

March 6. It being the annual meeting, Capt. Josiah Chapin. 
Samuel Read, Sen., Peter Holbrook, Thomas Thayer and John 
Bridges w T ere chosen Selectmen; Samuel Read, Town Clerk and 
John Rocket and Samuel Cook, Constables. 

At this meeting various tracts of land, varying in extent from 
one acre to thirty, were granted to Nicholas Cook, Samuel 
Cook, John Cook, John Tyler, Joseph White, Benjamin Albee, 
Samuel Read, Benjamin Wheelock, Ferdinando Thayer and 
Jonathan Hayward. 

The grant to Nicholas Cook was "two acres of land or swamp In 
the corner of the pine swamp next to brak neck hill." This tract 
must have been located upon the north side of the county road 
(formerly the Boston and Hartford turnpike), and adjoining the 
woodland of John G. Metcalf on the west, and the woodland of 
H. P. Butler on the south, across the road. 

A ten-acre lot, with all the rights and privileges, was sold to 
Jonathan Richardson for twenty pounds. The " rights and 
privileges " constituted Richardson a co-partner in all the land 
yet unappropriated. It was laid out by Josiah Chapin, on a hill 
the east side of the Great River, adjoining lands of James Wal- 
ling and John Bollcom. 



136 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1699. 

April. The line was run and the bounds (trees) new marked 
between Mendon and Sherborn by Peter Holbrook, Joseph 
Rocket and Jacob Aldrich for Mendon, and Lieut. Jonathan 
Morse and William Rider for Sherborn. 

June 26. " Att a generall Town meeting Legally warned," it 
was voted that the next division of land (formerly agreed on) 
shall be forty acres to a twenty-acre house lot and in like pro- 
portion for all other lots. 

Sept. 5. "It was voted that, for this present year, from the 25th. of 
March 1699 until the 25th. of March 1700, that the Towne will give Mr. 
Rawson fifty-five pounds, the one half in current money of New England, 
the other half in current pay, such as the Towne Raiseth, vict : wheat 4 
shillings per bushel, Rye 3 shillings, Indian Corn 2 shillings, Pork att 2 
penc half penny per pound, beef at 2 pence per pound good and marchant- 
able, the whole to be paid to Mr. Rawson Att his house In Mendon att or 
before the 25th of October next Insuing the date hereof." 

Oct. 10. A rate for Mr. Rawson's salary, as above, was made, 
including the forty cords of wood, a copy of which is here sub- 
joined: 

Wood. 

Capt. White £01 02 00 7 ft. 

Deacon Warfield 00 11 09 3 

Capt. Chapin 01 16 02 10 

Samuel Read 02 06 04 12 

Ensigne Lovet 01 14 02 10 

Peter Holbrook 02 05 10 12 

Benje Wheelock 01 15 02 11 

John Bridges 01 19 03 11 

John Thomson 01 11 03 10 

Widow Winter 00 16 00 5 

Joseph Plumley 00 13 08 4 

Eliazer Wheelock 00 05 00 

Abram Staples 00 10 09 3 

Robert Taft, Sen 01 04 08 7 

John Cook . . 00 18 06 5 

Samll. Hayward 01 06 06 7 

Denice Darling 00 13 00 4 

John Darling 01 02 00 7 

Thomas Thayer 01 10 03 9 

Samll. Thayer 01 10 00 9 

John Rocket 01 03 00 6 

Joseph Rocket 01 07 05 8 

Willi Holbrook 02 07 09 15 



1699.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 137 

Samll. Cook 00 10 07 5 

Joseph White 00 15 08 5 

Thomas White 00 13 09 4 

Seth Chapin 01 01 00 6 

Bcnje Wheton 00 10 09 3 

John Peck 00 12 00 3 

Samll. Keed Jr 01 06 03 7 

Josiah Thayer ". 00 18 01 5 

Eben: Thayer 00 12 02 4 

Isaac Thayer 00 14 02 5 

Thomas Taft 00 17 07 5 

James Albee 01 13 02 10 

John Tyler 01 00 06 6 

Nicolas Cook 01 02 06 6 

Jonathan Hayward 00 18 00 5 

George Pike 00 12 08 4 

Robert Taft Jr. 00 11 03 4 

John White 00 08 00 2 

Eben White 00 06 06 2 

Samll. Warfeeld 00 07 06 3 

Roger Corery 00 08 09 3 

Ebenezer Staples 00 17 06 5 

Jacob Aldrich 00 14 08 4 

Abell Aldrich 00 05 00 2 

Willi Cheney 00 09 03 3 

Joseph Chapin 00 10 00 3 

Ebenezer Staples for his wife's estate 01 09 09 8 

William Hayward 00 15 08 5 

Benje Albee 00 09 00 2 

Benje Thayer 00 13 02 4 

Danill Taft 00 07 06 2 

John Post 00 07 00 2 

John Lovet 00 08 03 2 

Samll. More 00 04 00 

Ferdinando Thayer 00 13 08 4 

Memorandum. "Wouls killed In the yeare 1699 betwen the Last of 
March and y e last of September and y e heads brought to y e Constables and 
the Ears cut off by them as the Law diricts. 

by Jonathan Richorson five grown wouls 5 

by Robert Hall, five whelps 5 

by Samll Read three grown wouls 3 

by Eleazer Wheelock, one grown wolf 1 

by William Holbrook, oue grown wolf 1 

by Joseph White, one grown wolf 1" 

William Danser came into town in July and was warned out 

18 



138 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1700. 

Sept. 6, 1699, unci return made to the General Sessions of the 
Peace Oct. 3, 1699. 

The last record for this year is as follows: 

"Boston 13 December 1699. . 
then Received of Samll. Read forty shillings mony in full for Mendon 
County Rate In y e year 1696. 

Received per Jer. Dumer. 

By an Act of the General Court passed March 20, 1699, Wells, 
Kittery, York, Amesbury, Haverhill, Dunstable, Chelmsford, 
Groton, Lancaster, Marlboro, Brookfield, Deerfield, Mendon and 
Woodstock* were declared to be "Frontier Towns." 

Of those who were settled in Mendon, up to the present time, 
and were supposed to be heads of families, the following persons 
had died, viz: 

George Aldrich March 1, 1682 Samuel Shepherd Sept. 8, 1690 

John Sprague April 6, 1683 Timothy Winter May 2, 1694 

Daniel Lovet Jan. 24, 1691 Walter Cook Jan. 5, 1695 

John Warfield April 12, 1692 Jacob Aldrich Oet. 22, 1695 

John Thomson, sen. . . .Nov. 9, 1685 Samuel Tyler Dec. 17, 1695 

Dea. Simon Peck Mar. 27, 1688 



1700. March y e 4. Chose Samuel Read, sen., Ensigne James 
Lovet, Sergt. William Holbrook, Samuel Thayer and Benjamin 
Wheelock, Selectmen; Samuel Read, sen., Town Clerk; Sergt. 
Peter Holbrook and John Bridges, Constables. 

' ' Att the above-said Meeting It passed by vote that the five pound that 
is In Capt. Chapin's hands Received y e last May shuld be Improved for the 
use of procuring a new drum and a burying cloth and the Remainder If any 
be for procuring Amunition for A town stock." 

John Cook was granted leave to exchange his land at Magor 
Miscok for land elsewhere, "provided he dus it within a fort- 
night," 

Mr. Rawson was allowed to leave his land upon West Hill, on 
the road to Eliazer Wheelock's house, and take it up on the 
other side of the Great River. 

Capt. Chapin and Ensigne Lovet were chosen a committee to 
give allowance and lay out the next division of land. 

* Now in Connecticut. 



1700.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 139 

Jonathan Eichardson was granted ten acres of land "adjoin- 
ing to the Great Eiver upon the east side, wheare the Mill River 
Emptys Itself In to the Great River." 

When it is understood that the Mill River empties into the 
Great River (now Blackstone) below Woonsocket Falls, it will be 
seen that the town virtually claimed jurisdiction beyond any of 
the three surveys which had, at that time been made. The 
southern boundary of the Colony was then, and for a long time 
afterwards, unsettled, 'and, perhaps, remembering that posses- 
sion is held to be nine points of the law, our shrewd ancestors 
considered it the part of wisdom to set up a claim sufficiently 
large enough to cover what, in the final adjustment of the boun- 
dary line they might be obliged to surrender. 

About this time beds of iron ore had been discovered in that 
part of the town now Blackstone, and the inhabitants, fearing, 
it is supposed, the supply for home consumption would run 
short, on the 17th of September voted " that noe person should 
carry any mine or iron ore out of or from the Town's Commons 
upon the penalty and forfeiture of twenty shillings a load, the 
one half to the Informer, the other half to y e use of y e Towne. " 
The iron works at the Falls, which have been mentioned before, 
were probably furnaces for smelting the ore. 

At the same time the timber supply became a matter of con- 
sideration, and as their eyes had been opened in regard to the 
value of things under the earth, it was quite natural for them 
not to forget the prospective value of things upon the earth, and 
hence at the same meeting they enacted " that noe person shall 
fall, Cut or Carry away any Trees, Logs or any other sort of 
timber Either wrought or un wrought off of or from the Towne's 
Commons upon the penalty and forfeiture of twenty shillings a 
tree, the one half to the Informer and the other half to y e use of 
y e Towne." 

Oct. 14. Samuel Thayer had liberty to dispose of or carry 
away the iron ore that had been dug near Jonathan Richardson's 
land, he paying twenty shillings to Capt. Chapin within three 
months, for the town's use. Capt. Chapin was to settle with 
those "who made discovery and Report of the digging and Re- 
move of sd mine or Iron ore," and "the overplush to be Re- 
turned to the town if any be." 



140 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1701. 

This year William Holbrook killed five wolves and had their 
ears cut off by the the Constable. 

Oct. 8. A County rate for forty shillings was made, and 
John Rocket, the Constable, was directed to collect and pay the 
same to the County Treasurer, at Boston, before the last of De- 
cember next. 

Nov. 28. The usual rate for Mr. Rawson's salary, including 
the forty cords of wood, was made this day, completing the re- 
corded doings of the town for the year. 



1701. March 3. Selectmen for this year were Capt. Josiah 
Chapin, Samuel Read, Sergt. Peter Holbrook, Sergt. William 
Holbrook and John Darling; Town Clerk, Samuel Read; Con- 
stables, Thomas White and Ebenezer Staples. Besides Tithing 
Men and Fence Viewers, Joseph Rocket and Jacob Aldrich were 
" to take care that the law about swine be put in execution." 

Ensign Lovet, Benjamin Wheelock and John Tyler were 
chosen a committee to give the Selectmen instructions, and 
which were as follows, viz: 

Imprimis. That they make a Rate seasonably for the payment of Mr. 
Rawson's salary, according to the town's agreement. 

21y. That they forthwith take care to examine all men's claims of debts 
owing to them from the town and lay them before the town, at a general 
town meeting warned by them, or the major part of them, and, upon the 
town's allowance of them, to emit a rate for the discharging them. 

31y. That they make orders and present them for allowance and confir- 
mation, as the law directs, for the preservation of wood and timber grow- 
ing on the town's commons and for the preventing of carrying out of town 
or transporting timber or iron ore from the town's commons. 

41y. That they make effectual orders for the preserving and keeping up 
the bounds of particular men's lands that abut upon the town's commons 
and take care that if any person or persons have transgressed by mowing 
or tilling the town's commons, without towne order, that they be effectually 
proceeded with and made to lay them down. 

It would have been well had instructions like these been contin- 
ued to the present day. Honest disbursing officers would have no 
objections to such scrutiny, and dishonest ones should be watched 
for the public good. Had this watchfulness been continued 
until the present day our ears would not be so frecpiently pained 



1701.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 141 

with the startling revelations of defalcation and embezzlement so 
often brought to our notice by the daily papers. 

At this meeting the Selectmen, with Mr. Grindal Rawson, 
were instructed — 

" To Treat with Deacon Warfeeld, upon his refusal, with sume other per- 
son whom they shall Judg sutable, to be A schoole Master to Teach the 
Children of the Towne to Read : and for this or any other person's Encour- 
agement In said work the Town shall pay ten pounds In good Current pay 
alt money price, and each person sending children to schoole to pay one 
penny A Week." 

THE SECOND TOWN POUND. 

May 27. The Selectmen agreed with Joseph Plumley — 

" To erect a Pound for the Town's use, of thirty foot square, of six rails, 
all square posts and the Rails tenanted In to the posts, and a cap framed on 
upon the head of the posts, and a gate of four feet wide, to hang the gate 
and finish the work on or before the last of May next Insuing, for which he 
is to be paid forty shillings out of a town rate." 

The Pound was to be set up between Joseph White's and 
Sergt. Staple's "by or in the ten rod highway." This designa- 
tion woitld locate it in the neighborhood of the present Metho- 
dist meeting-house. 

At the above-said meeting (March 3) the Selectmen agreed 
with Deacon Warfield — 

" To keep scool half a yeare and to begin on munday y e 14th of April 
Next, and for his pains to have rive pounds In good Current pay att money 
price, and one penny a week for Every Child that Corns to scoolle. " 

So Deacon Warfield was the first public-school master, and by 
the terms of his contract, he was simply to teach his pupils to 
read. Nothing was said about writing, arithmetic or grammar. 

April 18. The Selectmen met and gave the oath, as the law- 
directs, to the Town Clerk, Samuel Read; Thomas Thayer, Sur- 
veyor of Highways; John Bridges and Joseph Plumley, Fence 
Viewers, and to Samuel Thayer and Thomas White, Constables. 

This is the first record we find that the town officers made oath 
to the faithful discharge of their duties. 

March 17. The Selectmen, at a town meeting held this day, 
presented a schedule of claims against the town, and after they 
were considered, Ensigne James Lovet, John Tyler and Joseph 



142 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1701. 

Rocket were chosen " to goe about the town and Take a valua- 
tion and bring it to the Selectmen In order to ther making of 
the towne Rate." 

Nov. 21. Those persons who had neglected, until now, to 
bring in to Mr. Rawson their proportion of wood, were directed 
to do so by the first day of December next, or in default to pay 
after the rate of four shillings a cord in current pay. 

Capt. Chapin declaring his inability to go on with the meas- 
uring of the lands, Thomas White was chosen a surveyor " to 
lay out Either with Capt Chapin or without 111111." 

At this meeting it was voted that — 

" Samuel Read, sen. for his service in keeping of the towne booke and 
Recording Towne votes, Rates and other transactions of the towne, from the 
first beginning of his keeping them (1680) until the beginning of March 
next Insuing the date hereof, shall have six pounds in money or marchat- 
able pay at money price, and the price of wheat was fixed at 5s. per bushel, 
Rye at 4s. and Corn at 3s. per bushel." 

The record for this year closes with the entry of the account 
of Samuel Read and the annual rate for Mr. Rawson's salary. 

" SAMLL. READ, CREDIT 1686. 

for one day Running Line wh. Sherborn 19th. Ap £00 02 00 

for money paid Mr Adiugton for y e towne Deed 00 03 00 

for transcribing acts of Counsel 1687 00 03 06 

for ten shillings money Lent to prcuer black staff 00 10 00 

for twenty-three days attending y e Court 1692 03 09 00 

for money paid for purches of land of Wansamoge (Awas- 

samog.) 00 16 04 

for four days time about said Land In purchasing, Deed 

possession and Running y e Line 00 08 03 

for helping to lay out y e Ministry's dubling & great Lot 00 02 06 

for 2 days & half takin y e valuation Jan. 1693-4 00 04 00 

for expenses of y e Selectmen In y e year 1693 00 17 00 

Feb. 1694 for Recording the Towne deeds and Court grants, 
Committees Acts and y e names of y e proprietors In ye 

new book by order of y e Selectmen 00 08 00 

Dec. 1695, to Capt Chapin & Serg. Holbrook in money when 

they went to Court 00 06 00 

28 October ,97 to stating the bounds betweene the pine swamp 
and Mr. Emerson's medow, y e Ministry's medow and y e 
scooll medow and Renewing the bounds of said medow.. . . 00 02 00 
January ,97 one jurney to boston by order of the Selectmen 
to answer the towne's presentment for the hy way between 
Metfeeld and Mendon • 00 12 00 



1701.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 143 

May ,98 to bounding and Laying towne byways, 2 days 00 04 00 

1697 to my girls sweeping y e meeting house one Quarter of y e 

year 00 04 00 

April ,99 to one day Running tbe line from the North Pond to 

Sherborn line & Recording the Returne 00 03 00 

for expenses of the Selectmen 1699 00 12 00 

for one day with the Snrvayor to lay out y e Ministry's 

great Lott 00 03 00 

for taking care of y e Towne books and writing of Town 
votes and orders In tbe first book from the year 1679 till 

March 1701 06 00 00 

for expense of tbe Selectmen 1701 00 18 00 



£16 08 00 

SAMLL. READ, debit. 

To forty-five Acres of Land Granted to the sd. Read by tbe 

town att a General meeting May y e 1. 1693 05 00 00 

of William Holbrook, Constable 1693 as part of a towne 

rate 01 16 00 



£6 16 00 



The black staff for which Mr. Eead paid ten shillings was for 
the Constable. By law he was to have his staff with him when 
in discharge of the duties of his office, "so that none could 
plead ignorance." What its length and size were cannot now be 
determined, but as it sometimes proved "inconvenient by giving 
oppertnnity to delinquents to escape," by an act passed May 12, 
1675, it was allowed to the Constable "when he acted by virtue 
of a warrant to him directed from authority," to carry his staff 
or not as he might choose. 

The money paid Mr. Addington was probably for recording 
the deed of the North Purchase. The twenty-three days at 
Court, he was probably serving the town as Representative, 
although no record is found of his election. The money paid 
to Capt. Chapin and Serg. Holbrook was when they were sum- 
moned before the General Court for contempt about the assess- 
ment of the sixty-five pounds. 

In the rate for Mr. Eawson's salary this year, the forty cords 
of wood were included, each man being assessed the proper 
number Of feet. 



144 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1702. 

1702. March y e 2. Selectmen, Josiah Chapin, Samuel Read 
Sen.. James Lovet, John Tyler and Joseph Rocket; Samuel 
Read, Sen., Town Clerk; John Cook and Thomas Thayer, Con- 
stables; Hay wards and Field Drivers chose for the first time, viz: 
John Rocket and Joseph Plumley. 

It will be remembered that in January, 1684, the town made 
an agreement to put up a grist mill, with Matthias Puffer, upon 
the site of the mill burned by the Indians, being the mill built 
by Benjamin Albee. 

By the following proceedings it is supposed that Puffer had 
failed to keep the mill or dam in proper repair for twenty years, 
according to the terms of his contract with the town. It is 
probable that the dam had failed and that the pond had disap- 
peared, as the town voted " to prohibit any person from taking 
up y e Land or Pond upon any Accounte. " 

For building the mill, Puffer was to have fifteen pounds, 
which he was to refund to the town if he failed to fulfil any por- 
tion of the agreement, under a penalty of thirty pounds. Josiah 
Chapin and Simon Peck were chosen to see that the agreement 
with Puffer was fulfilled. In the meantime, Deacon Peck, hav- 
ing deceased May 27, 1688, Samuel Read was now chosen "to 
Joyne with Capt. Chapin in the Management of y e Agreement 
with Matthias Puffer about the Grist Mill." 

Whether Puffer refunded the fifteen pounds, or whether he 
repaired the dam or mill is not known. 

Denice Darling, William Holbrook, Thomas Taft and Peter 
Holbrook had liberty to leave land in one place and take it up 
in another. 

Jonathan Richardson had land laid out on Quick Stream, 
where it empties into Mill River, a portion of which is now 
overflowed by the factory pond of the late Edward Harris, of 
Woonsocket. 

Dec. y e 11- The Selectmen agreed with Samuel Read to take 
care of Ephraim Peck, who, it is supposed, was feeble-minded. 

This year William Holbrook killed two wolves, and Ebenezer 
Thayer one, and their ears were duly cut off by the Constable, 
"in the presence of sum of y e Selectmen." 

A schedule of the town's debts, which had accrued between 
the 18th of January, 1694, and the 21st of January, 1702, 



1703.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 145 

amounting to £27.19.05, was presented, and a rate was ordered 
for their payment. Upon the hack of the Constable's warrant 
was written the names of the creditors and the amount to be paid 
to each. 

A County tax for £00.01.04 was also assessed this year, as well 
as the usual one for Mr. Rawson'js salary. 

Besides these, a second County tax was assessed, pursuant to a 
warrant from Addington Davenport, Clerk of the Court of the 
General Sessions of the Peace, for the sum of £02.00.00. The 
warrant was dated Boston, November 14, "In y e first year of 
her Majesty's (Queen Anne) Reigne annocpie Domini 1702." In 
this rate, sixty-two persons were taxed in various sums, ranging 
from one shilling and eight pence to two pence. 



1703. March 1. . Capt. Chapin, Samuel Read, Ensign Lovet, 
John Darling and Samuel Thayer were chosen Selectmen; 
Samuel Read, Town Clerk, and William Holbrook and John 
Farnum, Constables. 

In 1674, the town had voted that all the land betweeen Muddy 
Brook and Mill River " shuld lye for perpetuale comon," but at 
different times the town had allowed land to be taken up within 
the prohibited limits, and the attention of the town having been 
now called to the fact, it was voted that the title to the lands 
already granted should not be disturbed, and that, for the pur- 
pose of straightening their fences, they might take in such cpian- 
tity of land as the Committee on Allowance for the Fourth Di- 
vision should deem proper. 

John Jones, of Hull, was granted twenty acres of land near to 
Seth Chapin's land, provided he improve it for Ms house Jot. 
Here he built his house, upon the east bank of Mill River. It 
was the first house in what is now known as Hopedale, in the 
town of Milford. This grant remained in the possession of the 
Jones family until a late period, and the house was taken down 
in 1874. 

At this meeting the Selectmen, with Mr. Taft and James 
Albee, were chosen a committee to devise a way " for the Inlarg- 
ment of y e seats and making more room for the present conve- 

19 



146 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1704. 

nience of y e poeple in y e meeting house," and they were to see 
that the matter was speedily attended to. 

William Holbrook or any other person or persons had 'liberty 
to build horse sheds near the Meeting house, in the highway, 
provided they build them on the east side of the way, " close to 
the fence. " Close to the f ence„ indicates that the ten-rod high- 
way was not to be embarrassed by obstructions. 

Although there is no record of the choice of a Representative 
to the General Court, Capt. Josiah Chapin served the town in 
that capacity, as the following record will show: April 23, the 
town voted that " Capt. Chapin should have his pay for his ser- 
vices as Representative to the General Court for the Town in 
March 1703, it being £3. 10s, out of the money in his hands that 
came from Jonathan Richardson towards his Lott." 

A committee was also chosen to ascertain the total indebted- 
ness of the town and present the same for audit and adjustment. 

May 24. The town voted that horses and sheep that are not 
unruly "might goe att Liberty this yeare," and that the Hay- 
wards should be indemnified for any costs resulting from the 
abeyance of their official duty. The principal difficulty about 
this arrangement seems to be the unruly horses and sheep. 

Sept. 27. A country rate (State tax) was assessed for £36. 15. 00, 
and "John Arnold and y e rest of y e owners in y e saw Mill" were 
taxed three shillings. This was the saw mill, without doubt, 
built by Samuel Comstock at the Falls on the Great (Blackstone) 
River. Another country rate for the same amount was also 
made, as well as a county rate for twenty-six shillings and two 
p'ence, in which Capt Josiah Chapin was set at nine pence, ami 
Benjamin Albee at one penny. 

The usual rate, for Mr. Rawson's salary, was also made, in- 
cluding a separate rate for the forty cords of wood. 



1704. Jan. 14. The following accounts were audited and 
allowed, viz: 

Capt. Chapin to have the balance in his hands paid him by 
Jonathan Richardson, for a part of what is due him for services 
at the General Court. 



1704. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 147 

The Selectmen to hare forty shillings for their expenses for 
1702 and 1703. 

Samuel Read, Ehenezer Staples and Christopher Winter to 
hare seven shillings "for earing Kitt Portengall to Marlbor- 
ough." Kitt must have been a hard customer to recpiire the 
services of three men to transport him from Mendon to Marl- 
borough. 

John Rocket and Daniel Lovet to have four shillings and six 
pence for running the line between us and Sherborn in 1702. 

William Holbrook to have ten shillings for his "jurney" to 
Boston as Commissioner (of assessment) in May, 1703. 

John Darling and Samuel Thayer to have five shillings "dewe 
to them'' for repairing the seats in the Meeting house in 1703. 

Joseph White to have twenty shillings and ten pence for 
sweeping and taking care of the Meeting house in 1702 and 
1703. 

The town then voted to raise and appropriate, to pay these 
debts, the sum of eight pounds four shillings and eight pence, 
and ordered the same to be paid "in Marchantable Corn; wheat 
at four shillings per bushill, rye att three shillings and Indian 
corn att two shillings per bushill." 

March 6. Chose Capt. Chapin, Sergt. William Holbrook. 
John Cook, Thomas White and Samuel Read for Selectmen; 
Samuel Read, Town Clerk, and Ehenezer Thayer and Daniel 
Taft, Constables. 

It was voted the Selectmen should have twenty shillings an- 
anully for their time and services. 

March 6. William Holbrook was paid for four grown wolves. 

The following copy of an official record will explain the status 
of Ephraim Peck: 

Suffolk ss. Anno Regina. 
Att her Majesty's Superior Court of Judicature Begun and held att 
Boston, for and within the County of Suffolk Aforesaid on Tuesday the 
second of May, Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and four, upon 
Reading the Petition of the Select Men of Mendon, Therein showing forth 
that Ephraim Peck, son of Simon Peck, Deceased, an In habitant In there 
Towne is so Defective in his under standing as that he is incapacitated to 
Manage his Estate and in no sort Able to take care for himself, so will soon 
become a Towne Charge, If not timely prevented. And further that the 
said Ephraim Peck hath sunie Real Estate in sd Towne, the Income of 



148 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1704. 



which is In considerable, that it will doe little Towards his subsistence: — 
Wherefor Pray that they may be Impowered to make sale of the Real Es- 
tate of the sd Ephraim Peck In order for his maintenance and Paying 
the Charges on that be halfe all Redy Expended. Its Therefore Con- 
sidered by the Court (Pursuant to an Act for the Relief of Ideots &c.) 
That the Select Men of Mendon be and are hereby Impowered to make sale 
of the Real Estate of the sd Ephraim Peck for the ends and uses Aforesaid 
and Pass and Execute good and sufficient Deeds and Conveyances In the 
law for the same. 

December. A County rate for £01.06.02, and a Town rate 
for £04.10.00, as well as the usual rate for Mr. Rawson's salary, 
was made and committed to the Constable. 

It seems the recent rate for the payment of town debts did not 
comprise all its indebtedness, as the Selectmen met the 25th day 
of December and issued their warrant (the first one of which 
mention is made, though not recorded) "to Constable Thayer to 
warn all the Inhabitants to meet on the 29tb instant, and to 
bring in their demands against the town, so that a town rate 
could be made to discharge the same." 

This "' recent rate '' was made Jan. 17, and as no further as- 
sessments are found matters of record, and as new names are 
being added and familiar ones dropped out, the rate is here in- 
serted, with the names of the several persons among whom the 
Constable was to distribute the amount of the rate. 



Capt. Joseph White £00 


02 08 




04 10 


Capt. Josiah Chapin 


05 02 


Sergt 


Peter Holbrook. . . . 


06 06 




04 02 


Sergt 


William Holbrook.. 


09 06 


Robert Taft 


03 05 




Samuel Hay ward . . . 


06 00 




02 10 




Benje Wheelock,. .. 


06 01 


John Tyler 


04 10 




James Albee 


04 01 


John Thomson 


05 03 




John Rockit 


02 06 


Joseph Plumley. . . . 


01 08 




Thomas Thayer. . . . 


04 00 


Aleixander Plumley 


01 05 




Saml. Thayer 


05 01 


John Cook 


05 00 




Josiah Thayer 

Ebenezer Thayer . . . 


04 02 


Nicolas Cook 


01 06 




02 06 


Samuel Read Jr. . . . 


03 07 




Isaac Thayer 


02 03 


Seth Chapin 


02 11 




Joseph Rockit 


02 06 


John White 


01 00 




George Pike 


01 00 


Danil Taft 


01 06 






00 11 


John Post 


01 08 
01 06 




Eben Read 


01 03 




Willi Cheny 


01 03 


Eben White 


01 00 




Joseph Taft 


01 01 



1704.] 



: . | ANNALS OF 


MENDON. 


14H 


Samuel Thomson. .. 


01 00 


Benje Thayer 


03 03 


Woodland Thomson 


00 10 


Benje Albee 


01 01 


Jacob Aldrich 


01 09 


Saml. Cook 


02 08 


Abell Aldrich 


01 01 


Willi Hay ward. . . . 


02 07 


Seth Aldrich 


01 11 


Denice Darling. . . . 


01 06 


Samuel More 


01 06 


John Darling 


03 08 


Joseph White 


03 04 


Danill Darling 


00 10 


John Farnum 


03 08 


John Lovet 


01 08 


Thomas Taft 


02 02 


Benje Wheelock Jr 


01 10 


Kobert Taft Jr 


02 00 


John Albee 


01 02 


Tim Winter 


01 02 


Saml. Warfeeld... 


00 10 




01 01 


Elihue Warfeeld. . . 


00 10 


Thomas White 


02 01 


Philip Amidown. . 


01 00 




01 07 


Ebenezer Staples. . 


03 08 


James Emerson .... 


01 04 


Ebenezer Sumner. 


01 00 




01 08 


Joseph Sumner. . . . 


01 00 


Decon Warfield. . . . 


00 11 


William Sprague . . 


01 00 




£10 05 01 



William Holbrook, the Constable, (collector) was directed to 
pay the following persons the several sums set against their 
respective names: 



Capt. Chapin £01 10 00 

Saml. Read 03 02 00 

Joseph White 01 10 00 

Willi Holbrook. ... 00 17 00 
Heirs of Chris. Win- 
ter 00 03 00 

Eben Staples 00 01 04 

Denice Darling 00 01 00 

Thomas Thayer 00 01 00 

Josiah Thayer 00 01 04 

John Cook 00 00 08 

Eben Thayer 00 01 00 

Samll. Read Jr 00 04 00 



Em 



Lovet 

Joseph Rocket. 
John Tyler. . . . 
John Darling. . 
Samll. Thayer. 
John Rockit. .. . 
James Albee 
Isaac Thayer . . . 
Benje Thayer. . 
John Thomson. 
Seth Chapin. . . 



.£00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

. 00 

Peter Holbrook 00 



02 03 

03 03 
05 08 
02 06 
02 06 
01 04 
01 00 
01 00 
01 00 

00 08 

01 00 
01 00 



£8 15 06 



The General Court, by an act passed June 14, published June 
30, 1704, entitled "An act directing that the militia of the fron- 
tiers be provided with snow shoes," '•' for the more ready and bet- 
ter pursuit after the Indians in the winter, upon the snow," 
provided that so many of the soldiers in each company in the 
frontier towns (of which Mendon was one), as the commanding 
officers shall judge most able and of best estate (being not less 



150 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1705. 

than one-half of the company), shall, each of them, at his own 
charge, be provided with a pair of good serviceable snow-shoes 
and mogginsons at or before the 10th of November next, under 
a penalty of ten shillings and ten shillings for every three months' 
neglect afterwards, and the fines, in case of neglect, to be levied 
by distress. 

The soldiers were to keep the snow-shoes and mogginsons in 
good repair and fit for service, and if upon inspection, they were 
found in good order, they were to be reimbursed three shillings 
out of the next poll tax. 

This act was to continue in force during the present (Indian) 
war, and not afterwards. 

The " present Indian war " was with the eastern Indians, when 
Major Waldron was killed and the fort at Pemmaquid, with a 
hundred prisoners was taken by the Indians. 

Since 1699, when the known deaths of the early settlers were 
noted, it is found that Abraham Staples, Sen., Abraham Staples, 
Jr., Christopher Winter and Samuel Thomson had died. Chris- 
topher, the son of Timothy Winter, and Samuel, the son of 
John Thomson. Probably some others had died, but whose 
deaths were not recorded.. 



1705. March 5. At a general town meeting, Capt. Josiah 
Chapin, Samuel Read, Ensign James Lovet, John Darling and 
Josiah Thayer were chosen Selectmen; Town Clerk and Treas- 
urer (the latter for the first time), Samuel Read; and Ebenezer 
Read and Benjamin Thayer, Constables. 

At this meeting it was voted that Benjamin Wheelock and his 
successors should "•enjoy the Mill Pond"' so long as he should 
keep it in repair and serviceable for the town's use and no longer, 
and keep within fence. 

By the following it will be seen that Mendon claimed jurisdic- 
tion to the Blackstone River, as its southern boundary, for they 
granted Samuel Cook six or eight acres of land near Dedham 
(now Bellingham) line on the east side of the Great River. 

William Cheney had liberty to leave some land on Magor Miscok 
and take some instead, " Neer to Seth Chapin house Neer the 



1706.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 151 

Road Leading to Sherborn." Magor Miscok is the ridge of land 
on the east side of the valley of Mill River. 

June 6. Robert Hall and his " ' heyres '' forever had forty acres of 
land, bounded easterly by Androses brook, northerly upon Men- 
don north line, and westerly and southerly upon the town's com- 
mon land; provided he should once in two or three years run the 
bounds with some of our town from our North Meadow to 
y e Northwest corner. This corner was one hundred rods west 
of the Great (Blackstone) River, in what is now the to.wn of 
Northbridge. 

The Selectmen having met a Committee of Providence, and 
conferred with them about their claim on the west side of the 
Great River, made their report to the town September 11th, upon 
which the town directed Capt. Chapin *' to trans mitt y e above 
Report or Complaint to the General Court and to transact that 
Affair with sd Court." 

Rev. Mr. Rawson was granted fifteen acres of meadow upon 
the third branch of Charles River, that we pass over in going to 
Medfield; provided, at his own charge, he defends the claim 
which Sherborn makes to the same, and carry the same from 
Court to Court until the title shall be confirmed. 

The closing record for the year was the allowance of an account 
of John Darling, in which was a charge of four shillings and six 
pence "for hewing timber for y e wach hous." 



1706. March 4. Chose Samuel Read, James Lovet. Sergt. 
William Holbrook, Sergt. Peter Holbrook, and Sergt. John Dar- 
ling, Selectmen; Samuel Read, Clerk, and Samuel More and 
Jacob Aldrich, Constables. 

March 21, In pursuance of an order from the Superior Court, 
at Boston, the Selectmen met at John Peck's house to divide the 
land devised by the will of Simon Peck, to John and Ephraim, 
his sons. To John was adjudged the south side, next to Samuel 
More's lot, with the house, barn and orchard. To Ephraim was 
given the north side, next to George Sumner's lot, thirty rods 
wide, and in length from the ten rod highway to Joseph Plum- 
ley's and John Bridges' home lots. The division of some out 
lands, and the agreement of John to keep his brother, Ephraim, 



152 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1707. 

from April 8, 1706, to April 8, 1707, for forty shillings, closes 
the record for the year. 



1707. 'Ian. 0. At a town meeting held this day the follow- 
ing accounts were audited and allowed: 

Sergt. William Holbrook for serving as the Town's Representa- 
tive 61 days and money expended £09 05 00 

Corperall Joseph White for sweeping the meeting house 00 15 00 

Sergt. Peter Holbrook for one jurney to boston 00 09 00 

Saml. Read, senior, for money expended of Repairing the 
glass and procuring naills for fastening the same att the 

meeting house 02 08 06 

Saml. Read, senior. The Town's allowance to the Selectmen. . . 01 00 00 

Benje Thayer 10 shillings paid for Rumsey's Rate 00 10 00 

£14 07 06 
FIFTH DIVISION OF LAND. 

The first division of hmd was without recourse to the drawing 
of lots for choice. The second, heretofore tabulated, and the- 
choice decided by lot, was for a division of swamp land. The 
third was for completing the amount of upland, and the fourth 
for taking up the meadows. 

In the fifth division two hundred acres were granted to a forty- 
acre lot, and all other lots in like proportion. Previous to this 
division, large tracts were voted to lay ''for perpetual common." 
Certain rules were adopted to govern the division, as that the 
proprietors should draw lots, "as it shall be, by Divine Provi- 
dence, Disposed to them " that the land should be be taken in 
not more than two places, that care should be taken to lay out 
their lands in manner and form "as may not Spoill the Lands 
and make it In convenient for such as follow," and for poor land 
the Committee were authorized " to make It up In Quantity by 
giving two acres for one or Les If they Judge It sufficient." The 
committee were to take care that convenient highways were to 
be left, and alter the line ''wheare the way Cannot so conve- 
niently ly by the sides or ends of the Lotts." When -one's turn, 
by lot, should come, he shall, in three days, if in town, or upon 
one week's notice, if out of town, proceed to lay out his share, 
and should he so neglect, he shall lose his turn, and so on so long 
as he neglects. The Surveyor was to give each man timely 



1707.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



153 



notice of his turn, so that the devidant may not be hindered from 
proceeding, and proprietors, by needless delay, kept from their 
right. Any two of the Selectmen, with the Surveyor, were con- 
stituted a committee to oversee the division. 

The meeting was then adjourned to the next day, Feb. 4, 
1707, when the lots were drawn as follows, viz: 



1. 


Benjc Thayer. 


39. 


John Thompson, jr., 


2. 


James Emerson. 


40. 


Joshua Lazell. 


3. 


Peter Holbrook. 


41. 


John Peck. 


4. 


John Sprague. 


42. 


Ebenezer Staples. 


5. 


Woodland Thomson. 


43. 


Joseph Plumley. 


6. 


Danil Taft. 


44. 


Mr. Grindal Rawson. 


7. 


Saml. Read. 


45. 


Joseph White. 


8. 


Saml. Cook. 


40. 


James Albee. 


9. 


Saml* Tyler. 


47. 


Saml. Thayer. 


10. 


Timothy Winter. 


48. 


Nicolas Cook. 


11. 


Jonathan Thayer. 


49. 


Ebenezer Thayer. 


12. 


John Farnum. 


50. 


Joseph Rocket. 


13. 


John Rockit. 


51. 


Saml. Hayward. 


14. 


Savill Simpson. 


52. 


Ebenezer White. 


15. 


Thomas Taft. 


53. 


Ebenezer Sprague. 


16. 


Thomas White. 


54. 


Robert Taft. 


17. 


Benjamin Wheelock. 


55. 


Ephraim Staples. 


18. 


y e daughters of John Sprague. 


56. 


Jacob Staples. 


19. 


John Jones. 


57. 


John Bridges. 


30 


George Sumner. 


58. 


Saml. Read, Jr., 


21. 


Ephraim Chapin. 


59. 


Saml. More. 


22. 


Joseph Chapin. 


60. 


Abraham Staples. 


23. 


John Cook. 


61. 


Ephraim Peck. 


24. 


William Sprague. 


62. 


Jacob Aldrich. 


25. 


Nathaniel Morse. 


63. 


Angell Torrey.. 


26. 


John Corbet. 


64. 


John Staples. 


27. 


John White. 


65. 


William Hayward. 


28. 


Benjamin Wheton. 


66. 


Benjamin Wheelock, jr 


29. 


Isaack Thayer. 


67. 


Decon Warfeeld. 


30. 


Jonathan Richardson. 


68. 


Jonathan Hayward. 


31. 


John Thomson. 


69. 


The Ministry Lot. 


32. 


Thomas Thayer. 


70. 


Ebenezer Read. 


33. 


John Green. 


71. 


John Post. 


34. 


John Albee. 


72. 


John Darling. 


35. 


Saml. Hayward, jr. 


73. 


Elxsander Plumley. 


36. 


Josiah Thayer. 


74. 


Seth Chapin. 


37. 


Capt. Josiah Chapin. 


75. 


The Scool Lot. 


38. 


James Lovet. 

30 







154 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1707. 

Previous to this division the town set apart large tracts of 
land " to Lye for perpetuall common for the town's use," as fol- 
lows, viz: 

1. All that laud from the West River at Abraham Staples' 
meadow to Wigwam Hill, then to Chestnut Hill, including both, 
then to the lower end of Hopp brook meadow and then home 
to the Mill River, "to lye for perpetuall common for the use of 
the Proprietors, their heyres and suck sessors, except that land 
is all Redy granted," home to the centre of the town. 

2. All the land between the several places before mentioned 
and the Great River, except land already laid out or may be 
taken up, in the fifth division. 

3. All the land from Mill River to Quick Stream and from 
thence, by our line, to Dedham tree at Second Bridge (Charles) 
River and so home to the town, except what is already granted. 

4. All the land from Second Bridge River, at the mouth of 
Beaver Pond brook to the upper end of Beaver Pond meadow, 
thence, taking in Bare Hill, to the upper end, then home to 
Sherborn road, by Ensigne Lovet's plain, home to the centre of 
the town, except what is already granted. 

5. All that land east from the Mill River, at John Jones' 
house, one-half mile wide, to the town line; also, all the land from 
the Mill River at the upj)er end of the North Meadow over to 
the south side of Hungry Hill, thence to the falls upon the saw 
mill brook, then home to the West River, then down said river 
to Abraham Staples' meadow, home to the centre of the town, 
except what may already be granted. 

March 3. For Selectmen, Saml. Read, Robert Taft, John 
Darling, Saml. Thayer and Josiah Thayer. Clerk, Saml. Read. 
Constables, Ephraim Chapin and Benjamin Wheelock, jr. 

It seems the contract made with Mr. Rawson (the minister) 
to prosecute and defend the Sherborn claim against a piece of 
meadow, had been annulled and set aside; (probably by mutual 
agreement) and, in consequence, the town took action upon the 
matter, as follows viz: "Voted that Capt. Chapin shuld In the 
behalf of the towne discourse with and, If he think It be for the 
Town's Interest, to Retaine a Lawyer to Manig our Afaire with 
Sherborn concerning the Claime they make to our Meadow Within 
their Line." This dispute, without doubt, arose from the Gen- 



1708.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 155 

eral Court's grant, May 19, 1669, of ninety acres "without our 
line." How the controversy was terminated neither record or 
tradition informs us. As the coveted meadow was within the 
territorial limits of Sherborn it is not probable the matter was 
adjusted without resort to the law. 

At this meeting the Selectmen were instructed "to take ac- 
count of the former Treasurer of what money he had disposed 
of of the town's." 

The only record we have of the choice of a Treasurer is in 
1705, when Saml. Eead was chosen Town Clerk and Treasurer. 

While Sherborn men were vexing us on the east side of the 
town other troubles were brewing on the west side, as is learned 
by the following action of the town. Oct. 17th, it was voted 
"that Capt. Chapin shuld have money out of the Towne stock 
for the carrying on of the Afaire about our Land on the west 
side of the Great River, that is now in controversy with the 
Providence men." 

Oct. 20th. A road was laid out from the country road, a lit- 
tle beyond the School meadow brook, to the land of Saml. More, 
on the pine plain, on this side of West River. The old Streeter 
road. 

The road from Nathan R. George's old house over Muddy 
Brook and Neck Hill to the road leading to the mill, near where 
Lewis B. Gaskill now lives, as also the road now known as Gas- 
kill street were laid out this year. 



1708. February 6. At a toAvn meeting held this day Capt. 
Josiah Chapin was chosen Commissioner of Assessments and 
Ensigne Lovett, William Holbrook and John Tyler, Trustees to 
take a valuation. 

At the same meeting the town debts were found as follows, 
viz: 

To Sergt. William Holbrook for service at the General Court, 

seventy-five days £11 07 00 

To Joseph White for sweeping the meeting house, 1707 00 15 00 

To Selectmen the Towne's allowance for y e yeare 1707 01 00 00 

To the Town Clerk for 1706-7 01 00 00 

To Capt. Chapin for the charge of 11 men to Shokalog 01 02 00 



156 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1708. 

To Capt. Chapin and 4 men to boston & 7 horses 3 days 01 14 00 

To Capt. Chapin & 4 men to boston att the Superior Court 02 00 00 

To Robert and Joseph Taft in Recompence for being carryed to 

Providence 00 12 00 

To Sergt. Darling and Thomas White for running the line be- 
tween Dedham and Mendon 00 04 06 

To the Towne for two pounds drawn out of the towne stock 
by order of the town to defray the charges about Providence 
men 02 00 00 



£21 14 06 



The Selectmen were ordered to make a town rate to pay the 
debts above stated. 

The charges of Capt. Chapin and of Eobert and Joseph Taft 
undoubtedly had reference to the then existing controversy about 
the boundary line between Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 
Inasmuch as Eobert and Joseph Taft were to be recommenced for 
the carrying them away into Rhode Island, it is presumed they 
were made prisoners during the campaign about Shokalog under 
Capt. Chapin. How long they were held in durance vile, over 
the border, we do not know, but, as their charges for the indig- 
nities they were subjected to were moderate, we presume their 
sojourn in the enemies' country was not of long duration. 

March 1. The town chose for Selectmen, Ensign e James Lov- 
et, Sergt. John Darling, Thomas Thayer and Saml. More; Town 
Clerk, Saml. Read; Constables, Robert Taft, jr., and Isaac 
Thayer. 

About this time, it is supposed that the increasing number of 
the inhabitants led them to the consideration of the timber supply 
for the future. One would suppose that the extent of territory 
which must, at this period, have been covered with forest would 
not be likely to impress upon the people the danger of a timber 
famine. Be that as it may the town voted "that no more 
Cedar swamp should be laid out in any division of land, and also 
that any one transporting shingles or clapboards out of town, 
or selling them to any one out of town, should forfeit three shil- 
ings and six pence for each hundred of clapboards and five shil- 
lings for each thousand of shingles so transported or sold." 

Capt. Chapin, William Holbrook and Thomas Wbite were 
chosen to give the Selectmen instructions for this year. 



1709.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 157 

John Peck was to have fifty shillings for keeping his brother, 
Ephraim, from Feb., 1707, to April 8, 1708. 

Mendon, Sept. 27, 1708. 
Received of the several Constables, or their order, According to Town 
Agreement, the whole of the Annual Salarys due to me by the town vote, 
until] the twenty-fifth of March one thousand seven hundred and five for 
which this is the discharge of, 

Grindal Rawson. 



1709. Jan. 8. At a public town meeting it was voted to 
erect a school house twenty feet in length, sixteen feet wide and 
seven feet between joints. 

This was the first school house built, and was situated upon 
the hill below Deacon Warfield's house, being, as near as can be 
ascertained, upon the site of the family cemetery of the Messrs. 
George. Serg. Peter Holbrook, John Tyler and Saml. Thayer 
were chosen as the Building Committee and were instructed to 
have the house finished by the last day of June next. 

March 7. Selectmen, Deacon Peter Holbrook, John Tyler, 
John Darling, Saml. More and Saml. Read, jr.; Town Clerk, 
Saml. Read, sen.; Constables, James Emerson and John Albee; 
Town Treasurer, Ensigne James Lovet; Highway Surveyors, 
Tithing men, Fence Viewers and Field Drivers were also chosen. 

This year the assessment for wood for Mr. Rawson could be 
paid in wood or money at the option of the tax payer. 

The persons living on Mr. Rawson's farm had liberty "to 
build a place for their Relief upon the Sabbath day, between 
the meeting house and the town pound." Mr. Rawson's farm 
was in what is now'Uxbridge, a little to the north of the mills 
of C. A. & S. M. Wheelock. The place of Relief was what, in 
later times, was called a Noon House. It consisted of one room 
with a large hearth in the centre and a square hole in the roof 
immediately over the hearth. When the weather required it a 
fire of charcoal was kindled upon the hearth in the morning, and 
the baskets and pails containing the dinners were arranged upon 
its outer edge. At noon the room would be found warm and com- 
fortable, and the occupants, having eaten their frugal meal, re- 
turned to the meeting bouse to partake of the spiritual food 



158 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1709. 

furnished by the afternoon service. As riding upon horse-back 
was the principal mode of conveyance, the inevitable horse- 
block always stood near the door of the Noon House. 

Deacon Warfield was installed as school master in the new 
school house this year, and was to be paid (salary not stated) out 
of the first town rate. 

March 10. At an adjourned meeting from March 7th, it was 
voted to " Inlarg the present Meeting hous the full breadth of 
sd house, and ten feet down street and ten feet up street, the 
full bight of the body of the house. A Rooff to cripple on 
upon the Ruff of the former house att each end." Galleries 
were to be built in both the new ends with stairs. To cover the 
expense an appropriation of fifty pounds was made. 

Whether the carpenter was to have the fifty pounds in addi- 
tion to ' l what is useful of the timber and bords of the present 
house," the record furnishes no intimation. The following was 
the vote of the town: 

' ' That what is useful of the timber and bords of the present house 
should be his that doth the work, by finding Nails for the whole, and Re- 
move and sett up the windows to be Removed In the places In sd New 
ends and find sleepers & bords for and Lay the floores and to Carry the 
body of the seats so far as to make it flush at the outside of y e present 
house and to make the seats in both new ends below." 

A Latin School Master. 

" Where as A scoole Master is wanting to teach the Children to Reed, 
writ and cifer, as the Law Diricts; and Mr. Rawson offering the Towne 
that if the Towne would Retain A Latin Scoole Master for four years he 
would give said Scooll Master his bord all the said time, therefore voted 
that the Towne accept of sd offer and doe Resolve to Retaine a Latin 
scoole Master for sd Towne for four years and to give Twenty pounds A 
year for that service. " 

Whether a Latin school master was retained by the town is a 
matter of some uncertainty as no further mention is made of 
the subject. 

Aug. 29. Further alterations were directed to be made in 
the meeting house. The front gallery was to be removed to the 
same breadth with the new gallery and new floored, seated and 
fronted as the new ones are to be and that Mr. Evans was to 
have ten pounds and sixteen shillings for making the alteration. 



1710.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 159 

Mr. Rawson and Mr. Coffin each had liberty to build a pew in 
the meeting house. 

Nicholas Cook had liberty to leave two acres " Near Brak neck 
hill." This Brak Neck Hill is now called Pond Hill, and lies 
upon the north side of Mendon Pond, formerly called Nipmuck 
Great Pond. 



1710. March ■ 6th. For Selectmen the town chose Lieut. 
James Lovet, Samuel Thayer, Saml. Eead, jr., Seth Chapin and 
Samuel More; Town Clerk, Saml. Read, sen., and Saml. Read, 
jr., to take care of the Day Book in his father's absence; Con- 
stables, Danil Hill and Eliazer Daniels; Treasurer, James Lovett. 

The absence of Saml. Read, sen., was occasioned by being 
Representative at the General Court, at Boston, where he served 
fifty-six days, for eight pounds and eight shillings. 

It seems that there was something unusual in the conduct of 
swine, this year; as the town voted they should be "yoked and 
wringed as the law directs," and then, fearing their vote would 
not be duly observed, or that, being yoked and wringed, would 
not afford sufficient protection against their depredations, a com- 
mittee of thirteen good men and true were charged with 
the faithful execution of their order. The names of this com- 
mittee were Samuel Cook, Seth Chapin, Danil Taft, Joseph 
Rockit, Eliazer Daniels, John Darling, jr., Francis Green, Alex- 
ander Plumley, Joseph White, jr., Timothy Winter, Nathan 
Tyler, Banjamin Albee and Benjamin Darling. 

The practice of instructing the Selectmen was still kept up, 
aud this year, Josiah Chapin, Esq., Robert Taft, sen., and 
Thomas White were chosen a Committee for that purpose. 

For the first time we find that repairs of the highway were to 
be defrayed by a tax. By this we learn that "standing out the 
highway tax " is not an innovation of modern times; for, when 
the town voted the highway tax, they gave, as a reason, for the 
novel procedure, " that every man may know and doe his pro- 
portion of work seasonably." 



160 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1711. 

171 1. March 5. Lieut. James Lovet, Samuel Read, jr., 
Samuel More, Thomas Thayer and Thomas Sanford were chosen 
Selectmen; Samuel Read, Town Clerk; James Lovet, Town 
Treasurer, and Danil Lovet and Ebenezer Sumner, Constables. 

John Thomson, John Corbit and others, had liberty to build 
a saw mill on the town's common, "on Second Bridge (Charles) 
River," below the Dedham Tree. This tree was upon a bend of 
Charles River, a little north from the house of Ellis Bullard in 
Bellingham. Dedham trees were also mentioned at other points 
on the line between Dedham and Mendon. The saw mill was on 
the north bank of Charles River, a short distance to the north- 
west from the Bellingham Station on the Air Line Railroad. 

George Pike had twenty acres of land granted him upon the 
west side of Mumford's River, southerly from Ebenezer Read's 
grist mill. 

The late Judge Rawson, of Barrington, R. I., gave me the fol- 
lowing account of the origin of the name given to this river. A 
man by the name of Mumford, journeying from Brookfield to 
Mendon, in the spring of the year, was drowned in attempting to 
ford it during a freshet. This was before there was any settle- 
ment in the westerly part of Mendon, now Uxbridge. The 
body was recovered in due time, and, as the body was fast de- 
composing, and the weather warm, a chestnut tree was cut down 
and the bark removed, at a suitable length, for, a coffin. In this 
the body was placed and strongly bound with withes. It was 
buried upon the site of the present public house in Uxbridge; 
and, many years afterwards, when a cellar was dug at the place, 
the remains of the coffin and the bones of Mumford were found. 
The mystery was soon explained, as a man, living in Mendon, 
remembered, when a boy, riding on a horse behind the Coroner 
to view the remains. The drowning of Mumford had already 
given the river its name and the finding these relics satisfac- 
torily identified his place of burial. 

It seems the controversy with Sherborn about the meadows 
had not been amicably adjusted, as the town voted " to stand 
by benjemin Thayer In the Defence of his meadow within 
Sherborn Line." Benjamin Thayer's meadow was undoubtedly 
a portion of the ninety acres, "without our line," granted by 
the General Court in 1669. 



1-711.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 161 

Samuel Read was to have six acres of land " In y e pine 
plaine or upon Mumford's river, in full for services as Town 
Clerk for three years, viz. for 1708, 1709 & 1710." 

About this time the enlargement of the meeting house, we 
suppose, was nearly or quite completed, as the town chose a 
committee of nine " to seat the meeting house." This seating 
the meeting house undoubtedly meant the assignment of seats 
to the congregation, as no one had a pew except Mr. Rawson 
and Mr. Coffin. The seating the meeting house was probably a 
delicate matter, as we find this committee was made up of the 
leading men in the town, consisting of Josiah Chapin, Esq., 
Samuel Bead, James Lovet, Robert Taft, William Hollbrook, 
Seth Chapin, Samuel Thayer, Joseph White and Thomas 
Sanford. 

Mr. Rawson was allowed to build a pew for the use of his 
family, "between the two middle posts wheare the Great door 
is," the town to allow him thirty shillings for his present pew. 
Robert Evans was to have six acres of land for building two 
pews, one on each side of Mr. Rawson's pew. The forty cords 
of wood to be furnished Mr. Rawson, annually, were commuted 
by the addition of ten pounds to his yearly salary, thus lessening 
the military duty of the train band, by the amount of time and 
manual exercise it would take to prepare the forty cords for the 
fire. 

Samuel Warfield had an acre and a half adjoining his other 
land, "near the old Saw Mill upon Fall brook." The name of 
Fall brook is not elsewhere mentioned in the records, and as the 
farm now (187G) improved by Richard G. Gaskill, had, until 
recently, long been in possession of the Warfield family, the 
most reasonable presumption seems to be that the "old saw mill 
upon Fall brook " stood near the machine shop of Mr. Westcott, 
familiarly known as Spindleville. 

Abel Aldrich, Seth Aldrich and Jonathan Richardson were 
this year exempted from "the meeting house rate, and also their 
pole money to the minister rate for the future. " As no reasons 
are given for this action of the town, we can only conjecture 
that they had become converts to the doctrine of the Friends in 
this regard. 

From a settlement with James Lovet we learn that the 

21 



162 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1712. 

enlargement of the meeting house cost forty-nine pounds and 
ten shillings. 



1712. March 3. Chose for Selectmen and Assessors, Josiah 
Chapin, Esq., Samuel Read, William Hayward, John Jones 
and Samuel More; Town Clerk, Samuel Read; Town Treasuer, 
James Lovet; Commissioner, William Holbrook; Constables, 
John Thomson and Alexander Plumley. 

"In answer to a paper presented to the Towne att this time by William 
Hopkins bearing Date third day. Concerning sum Iron Mines wh sd 
Hopkins and Daniel Jenks call theirs, within our bounds, the towne att sd 
meeting pased A vote In answer to the sd paper, and forthwith sent them 
this Answer, that all the mines that was in the towne's Comon was pro- 
hibited from being transported att a public towne meeting Sept. 1700, and 
as for any that was In Impropriated Lands they might repair to the 
owners." 

These iron mines were in the south east part of what is now 
the town of Blackstone, in the vicinity of Mill River. 

At this meeting the Cedar and other swamps to the amount 
of nine hundred acres it was voted should be divided by the fol- 
lowing rule: A forty acre lot should have thirty acres, and other 
lots in the same ratio. 

A road was laid out, this year, from the country road on the 
west side of the Great River to the saw mill and corn mill on 
Mumford river, being the present road leading from Taft's 
bridge to Uxbridge centre. 

Jabez Bellows had twenty acres of land granted him in Shoc- 
olog Woods, near Shocolog Pond. This is in the southerly part 
of Uxbridge. 

Dec. 22. At a public town meeting, called for the purpose, 
the following accounts were audited and ordered to be paid: 

To Josiah Chapin Esq. for 7 days at Court and 2 days Laying 

highways £01 05 00 

To David Thompson for sweeping the meeting house 01 00 00 

To Saml. Read for 56 days att Court 08 08 00 

And service as Clerk and laying highways and other service, 02 02 00 

To our School Master's Salary from y e 1 December to 1 May, ... 05 00 00 

To his bord y e said time 04 00 00 

To William Hayward 00 10 00 



1713.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 163 



To John Jones 00 14 00 

To John Tyler for 4 days about y e Ministry and Scool lots 00 10 00 

To Thomas White 4 days laying out sd lots & 2 days running 

lines 00 18 00 

To Saml. Read Jr. for 4 days about sd lots 00 10 00 

To Saml. More 01 01 00 

To Ebenezer Read for one Journey of his horse to boston 00 03 00 

To Lieut. Lovet to 1 day running line 00 02 00 

To John Thomson to 1 day running line 00 02 00 

To Daniel Lovet for 20 s. Lost by John Elice & still, their 

rates 01 00 00 

£27 13 08 

Colonial tax for this year £99 14 00 

County tax " 15 00 06 

Minister's salary " 66 00 00 

Town rate " 27 19 08 



£208 14 02 



Deacon Warfield having retired from his position as the Jirst 
school-master of the town, the following action was had in rela- 
tion to 

A NEW SCHOOL-MASTEK. 

"MendonNov. 12. 1712 the Select men mett In order to Procure a 
Scoole Master, the Towne being destitute of one, and being Informed of 
one Robert Husse att boston, who had been formerly Imployed In that 
service att Eastham and of his termes: Agreed to Indever the obtaining of 
him, ordered the Clerk, In their name, to send him word and desire him 
to be In Redynes when soever A hors was sent for him to come up, which 
was don the Next day; but, weather preventing, the hors was not sent 
until the 10th. of December and he came to Mendon the 12th. of sd 
Month : y e 13th. the Select men mett to conclude of his farther proceeding 
and that his time shall begin the first of December and end y e first of May, 
for which he shall have five pound paid him for his service and his Diet 
the sd time, and to begin at John Farnum's and ther continue untill the 
28th of January." 



1713. March 2. Chose Robert Evens, Thomas Sanford, 
Saml. Thayer, Saml. Cook and Ebenezer Sumner, Selectmen; 
Saml. Read, Town Clerk; Robert Evens, Saml. Cook and 
Thomas Sanford, Assessors, and Daniel Thurston and Setli Al- 



1G4 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1713. 

drich, Constables. Seven Surveyors of Highways, four Tithing 
men and six Fence Viewers were also chosen. 

March 23. Josiah Chapin, Esq., was chosen Commissioner of 
Assessments, and James Lovet Town Treasurer, and "to have 
ten shillings a year for y e four years past." 

Moses Aldrich had liberty to continue his shop upon the 
Common " so long as he Improves the Shop for Smithery 
work." 

It seems the controversy with Sherborn about the "meadows 
without our line " had not yet been adjusted, as will appear by 
the following vote: — 

" Whereas the Town of Sherborn, In the County of Middlesex, Pretend 
an Interest In Meadows Granted to this Towne, It is Necessary that A 
Tryall be made in the Law to Defend the Towne's Interest, other ways to 
accommodate the Difference being found fruitless, it was voted, that if 
Benjamin Thayer, who claims a portion of the disputed meadows would 
make a test case, the town would guarantee him their proportion of the 
costs of the law-suit. " 

The Committee of Nine, chosen in 1711, "to seat the meet- 
ing house," did not succeed in making satisfactory assignments, 
as we find that Deacon Tyler, Deacon Jones and Deacon San- 
ford were deputed to see if a more satisfactory arrangement 
could be devised. 

Before proceeding to lay out the " Cedar and other swamps," 
it was voted to divide 300 acres of the Cedar swamps — ten 
acres to a forty acre lot and others in the same proportion. 
Every man was to lay out his proportion of Cedar swamps first, 
before "the other swamps " — to draw lots for choice — to notify 
the man who came next after him, and to layout his share within 
three days after notice, or else stay "untill all other Lotts " are 
laid out, (except hindered by Providence) "then to fall in the 
next opportunity." 

THE DRAUGHT OF THE SIXTH DIVISION. 



1. 


Mr. Grindal Kawson. 


7. 


Daniel Lovet. 


2. 


Ebenezer Staples. 


8. 


Benjamin Wheelock jr 


3. 


John Farnum. 


9. 


Danil Taft. 


4. 


John Corbit. 


10. 


Moses Aldrich. 


5. 


Jacob Aldrich. 


11. 


Benjamin Thomson. 


6. 


Samuel Bridges. 


12. 


Benjamin Wheelock. 



1713.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



165 



13. 


Abraham Staples. 


58. 


Benjamin Wheaton. 


14. 


Ebenezer Cooke. 


59. 


Jabez Bellows. 


15. 


Sylvanua Holbrook. 


60. 


Abell Aldrich. 


16. 


Josiah Thayer. 


61. 


Joseph Chapin. 


17. 


Benjamin Albee. 


62. 


John Arnold. 


18. 


Seth Chapin. 


63. 


Joseph Sumner. 


19. 


Woodland Thomson. 


64. 


James Albee. 


20. 


James Emerson. 


65. 


John Aldrich. 


21. 


Robert Taft. 


66. 


Ebenezer Tyler. 


22. 


Joseph Taft. 


67. 


Samuel Cook. 


23. 


Ebenezer White. 


68. 


Thomas Taft. 


24. 


John Darling, sen. 


69." 


Elihue Warfeld. 


25. 


Thomas White. 


70. 


Samuel More. 


26. 


John Thomson jr. 


71. 


Ebenezer Thayer. 


27. 


John Daniels. 


72. 


John Cook, junior. 


28. 


Obadiah Wheelock. 


73. 


John White. 


29. 


Joseph White. 


74. 


Joseph Rockit. 


30. 


Richard Holbrook. 


75. 


John Sprage. 


31. 


John Holbrook 


76. 


Seth Aldrich. 


32. 


John Thomson, sen. 


77. 


William Hayward. 


33. 


John Cook, sen. 


78. 


Joseph Plumley. 


34. 


Alexander Plumley. 


79. 




35. 


James Lovet. 


80. 


Holbrook. 


36. 


Thomas Prentice. 


81. 


John Jones. 


37. 


Capt. Josiah Chapin. 


82. 


Peter Aldrich. 


38. 


Samuel Thayer. 


83. 


Jonathan Hayward. 


39. 


John Peck. 


84. 


Robert Evens. 


40. 


Peter Holbrook. 


85. 


Thomas White. 


41. 


Mary Warfield. 


86. 


Samuel Warfeld. 


42. 


Samuel Read jr. 


87. 


Benjamin Hayward. 


43. 


David Aldrich. 


88. 


Samuel Thayer. 


44. 


Robert Taft jr. 


89. 


Benoni Benson. 


45. 


Benjamin Taft. 


90. 


Danil Hill. 


46. 


Jonathan Thayer. 


91. 


Isaac Thayer. 


47. 


Jonathan Richardson. 


92. 


Joseph White jr. 


48. 


John Green. 


93. 


Benjamin Darling. 


49. 


John Albee. 


94. 


Ebenezer Read. 


50. 


Wilson Rawson. 


95. 


James Albee jr. 


51. 


Philip Amydowne. 


96. 


John Sprage's Children 


52. 


Ebenezer Sumner. 


97. 


Joseph Holbrook. 


53. 


Nicolas Cooke. 


98. 


Daniel Thurston. 


54. 


Nathaniel More. 


99. 


Timothy Winter. 


55. 


John Post. 


100. 


John Gardner. 


56. 


Ephraim Peck. 


101. 


David Thomson. 


57. 


Thomas Thayer. 


102. 


John Darling jr. 



166 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1713. 

103. Jethro Coffin. 107. Jonathan Cook. 

104. Saml. & Wm. Holbrook. 108. Edmond Rawson. 

105. Ephraim Chapin. 109. Benjamin Thayer. 

106. William Sprage. 

May 12. Josiah Chapin, Esq., was chosen Representative to 
the General Court "for y e yeare Insuring." This is the first 
record of the choice of a Representative; but that others had 
been chosen before we learn from their accounts rendered to the 
town for such service. Timothy Winter, Josiah Chapin, Wil- 
liam Holbrook and Samuel Read had already served the town in 
that capacity. William Holbrook, who served in 1707, was paid 
£11.07, for seventy-five days, that being the length of the ses- 
sion. 

Rev. Grindal Rawson, for some time before his death, was 
unable to supply the pulpit. We learn this from the following 
record: "Nov. 23. 1713. Josiah Chapin Esq. was to have three 
pound paid him for bording Mr. Joseph Adams for one quarter 
of a year past and fifteen shilling for keeping of his hors." 
Deacon Tyler "was also authorized to take money out of the 
town treasury to pay Mr. Adams for his Labor the two last Sab- 
baths; and If sd money conies In by Contry bution, within one 
month, then to Return the same to the Treasurer, otherwise to 
lie made up by the Towne." 

Upon examination of the Cedar swamps they were found to 
fall far short of giving to each proprietor ten acres, as the town 
had formerly voted. In this dilemma Thomas White, the Sur- 
veyor, Left. Robert Evens, Thomas Thayer and Ebenezer Read 
were chosen a committee "to take a Cir cumferance of the 
Cedar Swamps " and to apportion to each of the proprietors 
their proper number of acres, according to their several rights as 
their lots are already drawn. 

John Gardner's ear mark (the first one on record) was as fol- 
lows, viz: "A fork in the Right Eare." 

Nov. 23. The town's debts, incurred during the present mu- 
nicipal year, and for the payment of which a rate was made, 
was found to be as follows, viz: — 

To pay the Scool Master, 20 00 00 

To build the Scool house ; 15 00 00 

To Josiah Chapin Esq. for serving as Representative 12 03 00 



1713.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 167 



To the Assessors 01 12 O9 

To the Town Clerk 00 10 00 

To Mr. Coffin for hinges for doors in y e Meeting house 00 06 00 

To John Thomson for sweeping the Meeting house 01 00 00 

Money In the Treasurer's hands 04 11 03 



£55 02 09 



How long Mr. Adams supplied the pulpit is not known, and 
whether any one else was called to Mr. Rawson's assistance up to 
the time of his death, in 1715, the records are silent; but as his 
salary was voted in 1714, it is probable that he continued his 
ministerial labors to within a short time of his death. 

MASTS FOR THE KING. 

To his Excellency the Governor and General Assembly of her Majesty's 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, at Boston the 27th. of 
May 1713. 

The Petition of Jethro Coffin, of Mendon, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That whereas the General Court of the late Colony of the Mas- 
sachusetts, in the year 1672, did Grant unto your Petitioner's Father, Peter 
Coffin, Esq. two hundred Acres of upland and about Thirty or Forty Acres 
of Meadow, which Grant your Petitioner's said Father was pleased, by 
deed, to give and make over to your Petitioner, who herewith presents a 
Piatt of the Taking up and laying out of the same on the west side of the 
Township of Mendon, 
And humbly prays your Excellency and Honors Confirmation therefor, 
And as in duty bound he shall pray, 

Jethro Coffin. 
In Council May 2. 1713. 
Bead and Granted a confirmation of the Land contained in the Piatt so 
that it be free from any former grant. 

Isaac Addington, Sec. 
Sent down for concurrence. 

In the House of Bepresentatives June 13. 1713. 
Bead and Concurred. 

John Burrill, Speaker. 

• In the Colonial Records, book 3d, p. 709, may be found the 
grant made to Peter Coffin, as follows: 

At the Second Session of the General Court for Elections held at Boston 
8th. day of October 1672 on their adjournment. 

Wee the Subscribers being appointed by the Honorable General Court 
May 15 1672 to Examine and State Lieut. Peter Coffin's account Belating to 



168 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1714. 

the Masts Contracted for with him Anno 1666 by a Committee Appointed 
for that end; which Masts were sent a present to his Majesty Anno 1668, 
having examined the same do finde one hundred pounds Due to him from 
the Country (colony) besides his own care and paines in procuring the said 
Masts, which he Leaving to the pleasure of the General Court, Wee do pre- 
sent to the Consideration the Allowing him Two Hundred Acres of up 
Land and about Thirty or Forty Acres of Meadow where he can find not 
yet laid out, which we Suppose he may well deserve and will be no less 
satisfactory to him. 

Dated in Charles Town June 11, 1672. 

John Leverett, 
Richard Russell, 
Lawrence Hammond. 
The Court approves of this Returne and orders the Treasurer of the 
Country (Colony) to make him, the said Peter Coffin, satisfaction accord- 
ingly, and the Land Desired is Granted unto him 
Copy as of Record, 

Isaac Addington, Sec. 

A survey and plat of this grant was made by Thomas White, 
Surveyor of the town of Mendon, April 1, 1713, and the same 
may be found in the Archives of Massachusetts — "Ancient Plans, 
Grants &c. 1641 to 1715 p. 241." 

Mumford's River and the west line of Mendon are designated 
upon this plat. The present village of Whitinsville is situated 
upon the northeastern portion of this tract. A road called the 
French Road passed the northeastern corner. 



1714. March 1. Lieut. James Lovet, Capt. Seth Chapin, 
Dea. John Jones, Dea. Thomas Sanford and Ebenezer Read were 
chosen Selectmen; Josiah Chapin,, Esq., Commissioner of As- 
sessments; Samuel Read, Town Clerk, James Lovet, Treasurer, 
and John Corbet and John Post, Constables. 

March 3. The Selectmen agreed with Martin Pearse to keep 
school at seventeen pounds for one year, "with board and 
Dyett." 

July 20. It was voted that the school be kept six months in 
the centre of the town and the other other six months "upon 
the out scirts of the town. " 

John Post was chosen Constable at the annual meeting, and 
then refused to serve; but, as such refusal subjected him to a 
fine of five pounds, as set forth in a Province law, passed Nov. 






1714.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 169 

16, 1692, it is supposed that John Post reconsidered the matter 
and presented himself before John Chandler, Esq., one of her 
Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of Suffolk, and 
took the oath of Constable for the ensuing year. 

At a town meeting held Sept. y e 21. 1714, the following ac- 
counts were audited, and they were ordered to be paid, viz: — 

To Mr. Rawson's Salary £65 00 00 

To the School Master's Salary & subsistence 12 00 00 

To Josiah Chapin for 9 days attendance at the General Court & 

(1) one copy of record 01 08 00 

To Capt. Seth Chapin 2 days about y e North Purches 00 04 00 

To Joseph Holbrook for 1 day running with Sherborn 00 02 00 

To Samuel Read for 1 jurney upon the account of the North Pur- 
ches, to proove y e deed and to brantry .. . 00 10 00 

To Thomas White for his first survey of y e Cedar swamps 01 01 00 

To Thomas White, for surveying and plotting y e North Purches. 00 06 00 

To Ser. Joseph White to boston to prove y e deed 00 06 00 

To Thomas White for 4 days sur cumfrencing Cedar swamps and 

running line with Sutton 2 days 01 01 00 

To pay our Representative for this year, 1714 08 00 00 

To the Committee for sur comfering the Cedar swamps. ........ 

To Lieut Evens 4 days 00 10 00 

To Thomas Thayer, 3 days 00 07 00 

To Ebenezer Read, 4 days. 00 10 00 

To the Towne Treasurer 00 15 00 

To the Selectmen 01 00 00 

To Thomas Sanford for 1 jurney to boston 00 06 00 

To Thomas White and benje Green 1 jurney to Marlborough 00 06 00 

To Woodland Thomson, for sweeping the meeting house. ....... 01 00 00 

To the Town Clerk 00 10 00 

£95 02 00 

Before this it seems that Thomas Taft had built a bridge over 
the Great (Blackstone) River, and attempts had been made to 
get a road laid out to it from the town. This bridge is supposed 
to have been in an easterly direction from the house of the late 
Hon. Bezaleel Taft, but the land damage demanded by Thomas 
Taft was thought to be excessive, and so the project of building 
a road to it was abandoned. 

This year the town lines between Mendon and Sherburne, and 
Mendon and Sutton were perambulated by committees from each 
town. Between Mendon and Sutton for the first time. 

22 



170 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1715. 

1715. Jan. 11. The Proprietor's held a meeting this day, 
pursuant to a warrant from Josiah Chapin, Esq., one of his 
Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of Suffolk, and 
chose Capt. Seth Chapin Moderator, and Samuel Bead, Sen., for 
Clerk. 

At the first settlement of the town, all were proprietors; that 
is, all the unappropriated land was held in common. Out of 
this common land, when a new comer desired a grant, if he were 
to become a proprietor, the words "entitled to his share in all 
future divisions of land," would be embodied in the vote of con- 
cession; if this phrase was not found in the vote, the grantee ac- 
quired no interest in the unappropriated lands — he did not be- 
come a proprietor. 

Although lands were disposed of in town meetings, it is pre- 
sumed that such votes were only passed by the proprietors. 

It may be seen, from time to time who were proprietors, by 
consulting the record of the various divisions of land. 

The Rev. Grindal Rawson, after a ministry of thirty-five years, 
died Feb. 6, at the age of fifty-seven years. From these figures 
we learn that he began to preach at the age of twenty-two. 

Mr. Rawson was the twelfth and youngest son of Edward 
and Rachel (Perne) Rawson, and was born Feb. 1, 1659, accord- 
ing to the inscription on his grave stone, in the burying yard at 
Mendon. The Rawson Memorial, by E. B. Crane, gives Jan. 
23, 1659, as his birth-day. 

Edward Rawson was born in Gillingham, in Dorsetshire, Eng- 
land, and came to New England in 1636, or 1637, and settled in 
the town of Newbury, in the County of Essex. He was one of 
the grantees of that town, and its second Town Clerk, and which 
office he held, by successive annual elections from 1638 to 1647. 
He was chosen as Representative to the General Court in 1638, 
at the age of twenty-three. He was at other times also a mem- 
ber of that body until 1650, when he was elected Secretary of the 
Colony. This office he held until the usurpation of Andros, 
when Randolph succeeded him, in 1686. He removed to Boston, 
upon being chosen Secretary, and lived in Rawson's lane, after- 
wards known as Bromfield street. 

Rachel Perne was a grand-daughter of John Hooker, whose 
wife was sister to Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury, 



1715.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 171 

in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Hence the names of Perne, 
Hooker, Edward and Grindal often occur, as Christian names, 
in the families of the Rawsons. 

Grindal Rawson graduated at Harvard College in 1678, and 
studied divinity with his hrother-in-law, the Rev. Samuel Torrey, 
of Weymouth. He married Susanna Wilson, daughter of Eev. 
John Wilson of Medfield. He began to preach in Mendon, Oct. 
4, 1680, and was permanently settled April 7, 1684. 

At his graduation, President Oakes, when conferring the de- 
grees, made special mention of John Cotton, Cotton Mather and 
Grindal Rawson. Mr. Rawson was an excellent scholar and a 
learned divine, as the General Court, it is said, sometimes re- 
ferred grave and knotty questions of ecclesiastical polity to him 
for solution. 

He published a work, entitled "'Confession of Faith," in the 
English and Indian languages. He preached an Artillery Elec- 
tion sermon in 1703, and also an Election sermon before the 
Governor and the General Court in 1709, and they were both 
printed. In 1698, in conjunction with the Rev. Samuel Dan- 
forth, of Taunton, pursuant to instructions from the Commis- 
sioners for Propagating the Gospel, he made an extended tour 
among the Indians. An interesting report of this mission may 
be found in the First Series of the Massachusetts Historical Col- 
lections, vol. 10. 

Mrs. Rawson long survived the death of her husband. She 
continued to reside at Mendon, and died at an advanced age. 

The following epitaphs are copied from the tablets erected to 
their memories, in the old burying yard: 

Here Lyeth Interr'd 
the body of the Reverend Mr. 

GRINDAL RAWSON, 

The late faithful and learned Pastor 

of the Church of Christ in Mendon, 

who died April 6. 1715, 

and entered 6 days into y e 57 year 

of his age Deceased the 35th 

year of his Ministry. 

The memory of the Just is Blessed. 



172 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1715. 

Here lies inter'd y e 
Remains of Mrs. Susan- 
na Rawson Relict of 
y e late Rev. Mr. Grindal 
Rawson Pastor of y e 
Church of Christ in 
Mendon and daughter 
to y e Rev Mr. John Wil- 
son 1st. Minister of y e 

Gospel in Medfield 

Who departed this life 

July 8th. A. Domini 1748 

In ye 84th. year of her age." 

March 7. Thomas Sanford, Samuel Thayer, Sergt. John 
Thomson, Capt Seth Chapin and Samuel Read, Jr., were chosen 
Selectmen; Thomas Sanford Town Clerk; James Lovet, Town 
Treasurer; Justice Chapin, Commissioner; and John Holbrook 
and Benjamin Taft, Constables. 

As usual, a committee was chosen to instruct the Selectmen, 
but their instructions were not, as formerly, made the subject of 
record. 

March 28. Justice (Josiah) Chapin, Elder Read, Deacon 
Tyler, Samuel Thayer and Thomas Sanford were chosen a com- 
mittee "to take care to jirovide a Minister for the Town, from 
time to time, until they shall provide a man, so far to the Town's 
acceptance, as to give a call to settlement." Whether this com- 
mittee were sufficiently diligent in -the discharge of their duty, 
we do not know, but up to September no one had been found to 
the town's acceptance for a call to settlement; and so, on Sept. 
8, the town chose Sergt. Joseph White and James Emerson " to 
strengthen the Committee to provide a Minister." 

At this meeting sixty pounds were raised to pay town debts 
and contingent charges " so far as it will extend." 

Thomas Hill had his tax of seven shillings and six pence 
abated, " provided y e sd Hill never Return into y e towne again as 
an Inhabitant." 

June 21. It was voted "for the first Minister that shall settle 
in this towne one hundred pounds, or the Ministry Lot, in said 
town, and for a yearly salary seventy pounds in money. 



1716.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 173 

1716. Jan. 28. A town meeting having been warned for this 
clay, the inhabitants met, and (for some reason not mentioned) 
without transacting any business, adjourned until the next day 
at 8 o'clock A. M., when the road and "the bridge that Taft 
built,'" being called up, the town voted that all directions here- 
tofore given to the Selectmen to lay out said road "should be 
hereby Recalled and forever stand Repealed in the Town Book.'' 

March 5. Thomas Sanford, Lieut. Eobert Evens, Robert 
Taft, Jr., Josiah Thayer and Jacob Aldrich were chosen Select- 
men; Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk and Treasurer; Josiah 
Chapin, Commissioner, and John Marsh and John Gardner, 
Constables. 

This year, instead of choosing a committee to instruct the Se- 
lectmen, the town simply voted that those functionaries "should 
secure y e towne from the penalties of The Law for y e ensuing 
year. " 

A committee was also chosen " to vew the accommodation of 
a way from the Iron Works to Declham Line." 

The Iron Works were situated in the eastern part of Avhat is 
now the town of Blackstone, known as Lower Canada or East 
Blackstone. The contemplated road was undoubtedly the road 
leaving the main or Rehoboth road at the Seth Kelly house, and 
running to Bellingham. 

It seems there must have been a contest about the road to 
Taft's bridge, as August 13th the town chose Thomas Sanford, 
Josiah Thayer and Jacob Aldrich a committee "to go to the 
Great River to view &, if They see cause, to lay out a way over 
the Great River and to agree with the owners of the land the 
Road may go through, Either over the Taft's bridge or Down 
streem by the Scull Rock, as they shall see fit." 

This road left the old road to Uxbridge a little to the east of 
West River and ran southerly by the factory of Samuel Scott. 
It is wholly in the town of Uxbridge and Blackstone. 

At this meeting the Selectmen were instructed to prefer a 
petition to the General Court "Relating to the Settling the 
Province Line." 

SETTLEMENT OF REV. JOSEPH DORR, THE FOURTH MINISTER. 
Feb. 9. "Atta publick Town Meeting Leagally warned for Choice of a 



174 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1716. 

Minister, as the law directs, it was then proposed to the Town to Bring in 
their votes for Their Concurrence in the Church's choice of the Rev. Joseph 
Dorr to Be Their Pastor, which was accordingly Don and voted to he the 
Town's Minister." 

Feb. 20. "Att A Publick Town Meeting Leagally warned to agree with 
the Rev. Mr. Joseph Dorr, when both the Church and Town have allredy 
Made choice of for their Minister (both Relating to his Settlement and Sal- 
ary) it was voated to add unto the one hundred pounds heretofore granted 
to the first Minister that shall settle among us and Confirme the same on 
the Rev. Mr. Joseph Dorr the sum of Sixty pounds to be paid in Labour 
and Materials Towards building him a house, in said Town, as there may 
be occasion thereof. Also to add to the sixty pounds, as aforesaid, and the 
same confirmed unto the Rev. Mr. Joseph Dorr so long as he shall remain 
the Town's Minister, the sum of five pounds per annum." 

A committee, consisting of Justice (Josiah) Chapin, Elder 
Read, (Samuel) Deacon John Tyler, Samuel Thayer and Thomas 
Sanford, were chosen by the town Feb. 24th, " To settle and 
Confirm the above mentioned Agreements with the Rev. Mr. 
Joseph Dorr and enter the same upon Record in the Town Book, 
and They, together with him, to signe the Agreement." 

Mendon, Feb. 24, 1716. 

Att a General Town Meeting for Election of a Minister on y e 9th Day of 
February Current (Voated) Mr. Joseph Dorr to settle among us in The 
work of the Ministry, we whose names are hereunder written, being a 
Committee Chosen by the Town at a Public Town Meeting, upon the 
Twentieth Day of february Current (in the Town's behalf) To Confirm the 
agreement by voat, made with him Relating to his Settlement and Sallery 
which are as follows, do Agree. 

Imprimis. That they will give him for a yearly Sallery The sum of 
seaventy-five pounds per annum, after y e first year & the first year sea venty 
pounds To be paid in money. The one Moiety to be Collected and paid 
in unto the Town Treasurer on or before y e last day of October yearley 
and The other Moiety on or before The first day of March yearly, and the 
Treasurer to Issue and make up his accompt with Mr. Joseph Dorr on or 
before the last day of March annually. The above sd Sallery to be and 
continue unto him so long as he shall carry on The work of the Ministry 
in and for the Town. 

2ndly. That they will give for Settlement or Encouragement the sum 
of One hundred and sixty pounds, One hundred pounds in money. The 
one Moiety To be assessed, Collected and paid in unto the Last day of 
November in the year of our Lord 1716, and the other moiety on or before 
that day twelve mouth and Sixty pounds to be paid in Labour & materials 
for and towards the building of him an house amongst us, to be assessed 
and paid in unto him as There shall be occation Thereof. 



1716.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 175 

3dly. That the time of Mr. Dorr's Sallery to begin to Commence The 
first of April, 1716. 

Committee, Josiah Chapin, 

Saml. Read, 
John Tyler, 
Thos. Sanford. 

The Proposals Above written I accept And freely Acquiesce in, In order 
to the End therein Specified, the Day and year above written. 

As witness my hand 
Signed in presence of us, Joseph Dorr. 

Seth Chapin 

his 
Josiah / Thayer. 

mark. 

Mr. Dorr was the youngest son but one of the Rev. Edward 
and Elizabeth Dorr, and was born in Roxbury about 1689 or 
1690, the day of his birth is not found upon the Church Records 
of Roxbury. He married Mary, daughter of Rev. Grindal Raw- 
son, his predecessor in the ministry, April 9, 1724, and contin- 
ued in the ministry, at Mendon, until his death March 9, 1768, 
aged 79. 

Mr. Dorr graduated at Harvard College in 1711 and received 
the degree of A. M. in course. His wife was the great grand- 
daughter of the Rev. John Wilson the first minister in Boston. 

Tradition corroborates the truth of the inscription on his 
tombstone in the ancient burying yard at Mendon, and which 
is as follows: " He was endowed with good sense. His tem- 
per was mild and placid. He excelled in the virtues of meek- 
ness, patience, temperance, sobriety, gravity, benevolence and 
charity; was a good scholar, a learned Divine and exemplary 
christian." 

Sept. 6. At a town meeting it was voted to raise money by 
contribution to prepare for the ordination of Mr. Joseph Dorr, 
and that Deacon Nathan Tyler, Mr. James Keith & Nathaniel 
Rawson be men appointed by the town to take care of the 
provision & attend at Mrs. Rawson's thereabouts, &c. 

Also voted that those "that went jorneys from time to time 
to provide ministers for the town, since Mr. Rawson's decease, 
should have their Reasonable expenses of money allowed them 
by the town." 



176 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1717. 

At this meeting forty pounds were raised to defray town 
charges, and sixty pounds to build Mr. Dorr's house, and it was 
also voted that the Selectmen should repair the meeting house. 

Mr. Dorr's house was built near the present house of James 
J. Nutter, nearly opposite the road leading to Northbridge. 

The last record for the year was the doings of a Proprietors' 
Meeting, held Dec. 24, when they voted that all the Proprietors 
should furnish the Clerk (of the Proprietors) with an account 
of their several rights so as to have the same recorded by the 
middle of January next. 

The falling short of the cedar swamps and the failure to enter 
at the Clerk's office many tracts already laid out, had hitherto 
prevented the laying out of the Sixth Division already voted. 
It was now decided that " none of the sixt Devision shuld be 
Laid out untill the Next June Insuing the date hereof. 



171 7. It seems the Proprietors were careless in heeding the vote 
passed as above, for, at a meeting held Feb. 12, 1717, they voted 
" that all former Devisions of Land, that are not put upon the 
record before the Middle of May Next after this date, shal be 
Acounted for C onion and be Liable to be Laid out in the sixt 
Devision, to any of the Proprietors of sd Towne." 

March 4. Lieut. Eobert Evens, Thomas Sanford, Lieut. 
Saml. Thayer, Sergt. John Thomson and Samuel Eead, jr., 
were chosen Selectmen; Elder Samuel Eead, Town Clerk; 
Thomas "Sanford Treasurer; Joseph Hay ward and Jonathan 
Hayward, of the town, Constables. 

"Hogg Constables" chosen for the first time, and Joseph 
Balkcom, Benjemin Taft, Thomas White, the third, Jonathan 
Thayer, John Thomson, jr., and Alexander Plumley were the 
successful candidates. 

May 28. A Proprietors' meeting was held, and was adjourned 
to the 3d Tuesday in October next, at 8 o'clock, A. M., " upon 
the Consideration that the Province Line yett Eemains unset- 
tled." 

Aug. 6. The Selectmen were instructed to lay out a road 
from Thomas Taft's house to Scull Eock and so over the Great 
Eiver to the road, on the west side of the river, that leads to 



1718.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 177 

the corn mill. This corn mill was at the centre of the present 
town of Uxbridge. 

At the close of this year it is found that, since the year 1099, 
when a record of previous deaths was made, the following per- 
sons had died. 

Serg. Abraham Staples, Oct. 20, 1703. Ebenezer Bead, Nov. 11, 1709. 

Christopher Winter, Jan. 9, 1704. Dea. Peter Holbrook, May 3, 1712. 

Samuel Thomson, Oct. 10, 1704. Samuel Hay ward, sen, July 29, 1713. 

Capt. Joseph White, Mar. 23, 1706. Ens. William Holbrook, Nov. 19,1714 
Benjamin Thayer, Feb. 23, 1708. 

It is not to be understood that the above were the only deaths 
which had occurred in the time specified, bat that they were 
among the leading men of the town. 



1718. Jan 24. A town meeting was held this day " To 
Chose a Town Clerk & Take care of y e Town Books," Samuel 
Read, sen., the Town Clerk, having died January 10th. 

Elder Bead was first chosen Clerk in 1674 and, with the ex- 
ception of two years, held the office to the day of his death, 
thus holding the office for the long period of forty-two years. 

The Town Clerk's office was filled by the election of Thomas 
Sanford. 

Lieut. Samuel Thayer, Ensign John Thomson aiid James 
Keith were chosen a Committee " to Beceive and Take Care of, 
from y e heirs of Elder Samuel Bead, Dec'd, the Town's Book 
& wrightings of the Town's Concerns which were in their hands 
as Executors To Their Father's Estate, &c, and on the Beceipt 
and over Looking Thereof to deliver to y e Clerk for the Town's 
use." 

Up to this time the divisions and sales of land were made by 
the Proprietors, who still retained the ownership of all the land 
yet unappropriated. 

Town meetings were sometimes called " legal town meetings" 
or "town meetings legally warned," and, sometimes "general 
or public town meetings." The first were supposed to be meet- 
ings of the Proprietors ; the latter were meetings of all the in- 
habitants for the transaction of the ordinary municipal business. 

Feb. 10, at a meeting of the Proprietors it was voted "that 

23 



178 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1718. 

hence forth They Resolve Themselves into y e way of a Town as 
They were originally, according to y e town grant and To manage 
Their Proprietary Interest according to y e Laws for the Regula- 
tion of Townships." 

Sergt. Thomas White, Samuel Read and Lieut. Samuel Thayer 
were then chosen a Committee, with y e Clerk "to Receive 
the Town's (Proprietors?) Books and such Loose papers as were 
in y e former (Proprietors) Clerk's (Samuel Read) hands, not Re- 
corded and examine all such loose wrightings if they ought to he 
Recorded & Them together with y e Town's Books to Commit to 
y e Town Clerk for the Town's use. " 

The town voted again to lay out the sixth division, and no 
lands were prohibited except the Mill pond the Burying place 
and the Training field. 

The Surveyor was to have 3s 6d per day and each committee 
man 2s 6d per day, and all were to be sworn to the faithful dis- 
charge of their duties. 

The inhabitants were still negligent in making return, to the 
Clerk, of the lands they had laid in former divisions, and so, as 
a last resort, the town voted "that all who did not make return 
to the Town Clerk should have no land laid on to them in the 
Sixth Division." 

James Keith had liberty " to lay down eight score and two 
acres of land on y e west side y e Great River, after the middle of 
May 1718 provided the Colony Line be not settled Before That 
Time." 

March 3. Selectmen for this year, Thomas Sanford, James 
Keith, Samuel More, Corp. John Holbrook and Serg. Thomas 
Thayer; Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk; Samuel More, Treas- 
urer; Robert Taft and Samuel Rich, Constables, and they were 
severally sworn "before the Selectmen." 

FISH TO COME UP PAWTUCKET FALLS. 

March 17. William Sargent to have twenty acres of land, 
between the Little Pond and Caleb's Hill " when he hath fin- 
ished his work at the Falls, so as the fish may come up Paw- 
tucket (Blackstone) River, he bringing from John Arnold's 
hand that y 8 work is' Don at his judgment.". 

May 6. Josiah Chapin, Esq., was chosen Representative to 



1718. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 179 

the General Court, and June 23, Jethro Coffin was chosen 
"granjuriman," being the first notice of such an election. He 
was the son of Peter Coffin of Dover, N. H. 

At this time further regulations were made for the Sixth Di- 
vision, and the titles of all lands, "according to y e Records in 
y e Town Booke " were duly confirmed. A Committee was also 
chosen to renew the bounds of the school lands and to see that 
the income derived from them "be Improved for y e Ends for 
which sd land was granted. " A wood lot of twenty acres was 
also granted to " our Pastor y e Rev. Mr. Joseph Dorr.'" 

The Selectmen were directed " to take care that four posts be 
set up at the Town's charge, viz: One at y e parting of y e ways 
by John Albee's, one at y e parting of y e ways by y e School House, 
one in the Street Leading to Sergt. Joseph White's, a Little dis- 
tance from y e Country Road and one at the parting of y e ways by 
Joseph Plumley's, and that a Notification by the Constables be- 
ing set up on each of said posts, Ten days beforehand, according 
to y e tenure of y e warrant for a Town Meeting Committed to 
him to warn, shall be a sufficient warning for any Town Meeting." 
It was also voted that any person "have liberty to pull Down 
any Notification set up at y e Meeting House Relating to Strays.*" 

Aug. -20. Voted to take a valuation to raise money to pay 
the School Master and £35 to pay town debts and procure a town 
stock of ammunition. 

Having settled with Thomas Sanford, Town Treasurer, for y e 
years 1716 and 1718, the Selectmen then agreed with William 
Boyce to be "y 6 Town's School Master from y e day of y e date 
hereof until y e fourth Day of March Next, to keep sd school at 
y e direction of y e Selectmen and that y e Selectmen pay y e sd Boyce 
after y e Rate of twenty-eight pounds a year, and likewise after 
that rate for the Time y e sd Boyce has kept School in y e said 
Town of Mendon from y e Twelveth day of May last to y e day 
of y e date hereof ; the sd Boyce giving account to y e Selectmen 
what time he hath lost or shall Loose from sd School to y e ex- 
piration of y e Term aforesaid and to Deduct so much out of his 
wages, and the sd William Boyce is hereby obliged to keep y e 
School as aforesaid. 

Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk, in 
behalf and by Order of y e Selectmen. 
William Boyce. Schl. Master." 



180 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1719. 

Nov. 17. The Selectmen met and went and warned out of 
town sundry newcomers, viz: Daniel Macmains and his family 
and Joseph Wiley and his family, who came to sojourn in y e town 
on y e 19th day of September, 1718; and William Noble and 
family, Robert Patrick and his family, John Carmichel and 
family, Malkam Henry and family and Robert Malkam and 
family who came into the town Oct. 17, 1718. At this period, 
and for many years afterwards, a residence in a town for a year, 
without being warned out, gave the party a settlement there. 

Dec. 22, 1718. Then Received of Deacon Thomas Sanford the sum of 

Two hundred and forty-five pounds which is in full of all sums due 

to me for my settlement and Sallery for the Years one thousand 700 sixteen 

and seventeen, I say received by me. 

Joseph Dorr. 

In the early days of the settlement the roads were laid out in 
common land, or, when granted or sold, reservations for roads 
were frequently made. 

The first claims for damages for roads were made this year. 
A road had been laid out, from the Rehoboth road, near Eleazer 
Daniels to Hop Brook, passing over lands of Eleazer Daniels, 
Josiah Thayer and Lieut. Samuel Thayer. They demanded 
damages and were paid in land, two acres for one taken up by 
the road, if the land was valuable, but in rough land not to ex- 
ceed three acres for one. 



1719. Feb. 16. Being a Public Towne Meeting Legally 
warned, Thomas Sanford was chosen Moderator. 

This meeting was taken up in framing rules and regulations 
for completing the Sixth Division and in drawing lots for the 
Seventh Division. 

"An account of y e Lots as Drawn for y e Seventh Devision." 

1. Daniel Lovet. 9. Josiah Wood. 

2. SethAldrich. 10. Joseph Taft. 

3. 11. William Sargent 

4. Ebenezer Thayer. 12. Thomas Taft. 

5. Benjamin Albee. 13. John Emerson. 

6. Ens. John Thomson. 14. Thomas White 3d. 

7. 15. James Emerson. 

8. Isaac Thayer. 16. Thomas White, senr. 



1719.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



181 



17. 


Mr. Joseph Dorr. 


63. 


John Aldrich. 


18. 


Ebenezer Staples. 


64. 


Daniel Hill. 


19. 


John Arnold. 


65. 


John Albee. 


20. 


John Darling. 


66. 


John Thomson, jr. 


21. 


William Hayward. 


67. 


James Harres (Harris.) 


22. 


John Joans. 


68. 




23. 


John Tiler. 


69. 


Alexander Plumbley. 


24. 




70. 


William White. 


25. 


John Peck. 


71. 


William Rutter. 


26. 




72. 


James Bick. 


27. 




73. 


y Ministry Lot. 


28. 




74. 




29. 


Oliver Hayward. 


75. 


Ebenezer Read. 


30. 


Josiah Thayer. 


76. 


Benjamin Rockwood. 


31. 


Wilson Rawson. 


77. 


Joseph Emerson. 


32. 


Daniel Thurston. 


78. 


Peter Holbrook. 


33. 


David Tiler. 


79. 




34. 


Simon Peek. 


80. 


Benjamin Darling. 


35. 


Richerd Rockwood. 


81. 




36. 


Lt. Samuel Thayer. 


82. 


Jonathan Richardson. 


37. 


John Gardner. 


83. 




38. 




84. 


Nathaniel Morse. 


39. 


Jethro Coffin. 


85. 


Ebenezer Wood. 


40. 


Thomas (illegible.) 


86. 


Thomas White, jr. 


41. 


Samuel Rockwood. 


87. 


John Cook. 


42. 


Abraham Staples' heirs. 


88. 


Elihue Warfield. 


43. 


Thomas Sanford. 


89. 


James Wood. 


44. 


Joseph Plumbley. 


90. 




45. 


Josiah Chapin. 


91. 




46. 


Jonathan Thayer. 


92. 


Richerd Holbrook. 


47. 


Samuel Wheaton. 


93. 


Samuel Read. 


48. 


Josiah Rockwood. 


94. 


Benjamin Hayward. 


49. 


Eliphalet Holbrook. 


95. 


Ephraim Staples. 


50. 


John Holbrook. 


96. 


John Daniels. 


51. 


David Thomson. 


97. 


Joseph White. 


52. 




98. 


Ebenezer White. 


53. 




99. 




54. 




100. 


Ebenezer Sumner. 


55. 




101. 




56. 


Benjamin Thayer. 


102. 


Samuel Bridges. 


57. 




103. 


James Keith. 


58. 


Solomon Wood. 


104. 


John Far num. 


59. 


Samuel Cooke. 


105. 


Roger Corrary's heirs. 


60. 


Benjamin Taft. 


106. 


Sylvanus Holbrook. 


61. 




107. 


Robert Tiler. 


62. 




108. 


Timothy Winter. 



182 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1719. 



109. 


The Scool Lott. 


130. 




110. 


Deacon Tiler. 


131. 


William Holbrook. 


111. 




132. 




112. 


Sanill. Warfield. 


133. 


Joseph Taft, jr. 


113. 


Capt. Seth Chapin. 


134. 


Benjamin Thomson 


114. 




135. 




115. 


John Green. 


136. 


Capt. Robert Evans. 


116. 


Jonathan Hayward. 


137. 


Lt. Thomas Thayer. 


117. 


Ebenezer Cooke. 


138. 


Joseph Sumner. 


118. 


Obadiah Wheelock. 


139. 


John Corbet. 


119. 


Joseph Chapin. 


140. 


Thomas Tenney. 


120. 


Lieut. John Darling. 


141. 


John Rawson. 


121. 




142. 


Samuel More. 


122. 


Benjamin Wheelock. 


143. 


Nathan Tiler. 


123. 


Jonathan Cook. 


144. 


Seth Chapin, jr. 


124. 


Joseph Rockwood. 


145. 




125. 


James Emerson, jr. 


146. 


Ebenezer Thomson. 


126. 


Woodland Thomson. 


147. 


John Post. 


127. 


John Rockwood. 


148. 


Joseph White, jr. 


128. 




149. 


Mary Warfield. 


129. 




150. 





Robert Evens was chosen Surveyor and Capt. Seth Chapin, 
James Keith and Jacob Aldrich a committee to oversee the lay- 
ing out the seventh division. The Surveyor was to have 3s. fid. 
and the committee each 2s. fid. per day. 

March 2. Annual Town meeting for the choice of officers. 

Capt. Robert Evans, Moderator, being the second man chosen 
to that office. 

Chose for Selectmen, Sergt. Thomas White, Samuel Moore, 
Lieut. Samuel Thayer, Robert Evans and Robert Taft, Jr. ; 
Town Clerk, Sergt. Thomas White; Town Treasurer, Samuel 
Moore; Constables, Sergt. Joseph White, Jr., and James Keith. 
Seven persons were chosen Tithing men, who, by the act of 
March 3, 1694, were to be fined forty shillings each if they 
refused to serve. They were to carry a black staff two feet long, 
tipped at one end with brass about three inches, as a badge of 
their office. 

May 25. It is supjjosed that, at this time, there had arisen 
one of the periodical agitations about the boundary line between 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island; and that fears of a settlement 
of the question adverse to the interests of the town were enter- 
tained, as May 25. Thomas Sanford, Samuel Thayer and 



1719.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 183 



Thomas White were chosen a committee to petition the General 
Court for a recompense for what the Province Line takes off 
from our Town. 

INCORPORATION OF BELLINGHAM. 

Nov. IT. The following petition was laid before the General 
Court: 

To his Excellency Samuel Shute Esq. Capt. General and Governor-in- 
Chief in and over his Magesty's (George 1st.) Province of y e Massachusetts 
Bay in Newengland, and to y e Honorable Council and House of Represen- 
tatives, in General Court, convened at Boston, 

To Petition of the Inhabitance of a Tract of Land belonging to Dedhain, 
westward of Wrentham and y e Inhabitance of a Considerable Farm ajoyn- 
ing thereto, granted to Edward Rawson, Secretary of the Colony, and y e 
Inhabitance of a small corner of y e Township of Mendon a jacent thereto 
(to y e number of four families), 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That Whereas y e above sd Inhabitance are Situated at 
a Remoat Distance from y e Respective Towns where they, at present, 
belong, viz : — The Inhabitance of the Town of Dedham to ye number of 
three and twenty families are about Twenty miles Distant from the Town 
where they belong and do duty & being very Remoate from y e Public Wor- 
shipe of God & The Inhabitance, to the number of 13 families, of the 
above said Farms being six or seven miles Distance from y e place of public 
worshipe & y e Inhabitance of Mendon afore sd being about four miles Dis- 
tance: and Considering our Remoatness & y e Inconveniencys we Labour 
under by Reason of The same : and that y e uniting and Incorporating the 
said Tracts & making of Them a Town may put us into a way, in Some 
Convenient Time to obtain y e Settlement of y e Gospel among us &c. (the 
uniting of y e abov sd Tracts of Land Together will make a Town of a boute 
seven Miles Long & Three miles & half wide.) And further Considering 
y l the Inhabitance of y e abov sd Tract of Dedham Land and y e Farms are 
already Incorporated into a Training Companie and that they have Little 
or no Benefit of Town Priviledges or by haveing Benefit of y e Schools we 
do Respectively Pay to. The whole Number of Families belonging to y e 
above sd Tract being Forty & Land already Laid out to accommodate 20 or 
30 more: The Inhabitance of Dedham Land being voated off by y e Town 
for that end. 

Our Prayer Therefore is That your Honours would Graciously plase to 
Consider our Difficult Circumstances and grant us our petition which is 
That y e abov Mentioned Tracts of Land (as by one Piatt hereto affixed 
and Described) may be Incorporated to geather & Made a Town & Invested 
with Town Privelidges, That so we may be Enabled in Convenient time 
to obtain y e Gospel & Public Worship of God Settled & our Inconveni- 



184 ANNALS OF MENDON. [^1719. 

ences by Reason of our Remoatness be Removed : granting us such Time 
of Dispence from Public Taxes as in Wisdom you shall Think Convenient 
& in your so Doing you will greatly oblige us who are your Humble peti- 
tioners; and for your Honours, as in conscience we are Bound, Shall 
forever Pray, 
Dated y e 17th clay of November 1719. 
John Darling Zuriel Hall 

Nicholas Cook Daniel Corbet 

Pelatiah Smith William Hayward 

Tho. Burch James Smith 

Jolin Thomson Nicolas Cook jr. 

Ebenezer Thayer Jonathan Hayward 

Cornelius Darling Seth Cook 

Samuel Hayward Samuel Thomson 

John Marsh Samuel Darling 

Oliver Hayward Joseph Thomson 

Samuel Rich Nathaniel Weathersby 

John Thompson jr. Samuel Smith 

Isaac Thayer The Inhabitance of Mendon. 

Ebenezer Thayer John Holbrook 

Richard Blood • John Corbet 

Joseph Holbrook Peter Holbrook 

Eliphalet Holbrook. 

There was a Plat of the Township, as prayed for, upon a scale 
of one mile to the inch, and which may be found in the Massa- 
chusetts Archives among "Ancient Plans, Grants, &c." 

In the House of Representatives, 
Nov. 26. 1719 Read &c. 

Ordered That the Prayer of this Petition be Granted & That a Township 
be Erected & Constituted according thereunto & the Piatt above, Provided 
They Procure & Settle a learned orthodox Minister within the space of 
three years next coming. 

And that John Darling, John Thomson and John Marsh be Impowered to 
Call a Town Meeting any time in March next to choose Town officers & 
manage the other prudential affairs of the Town. The name of the Town 
to be Westham. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Btjrrill, Speaker. 
In Council Nov. 27. 1719. 
Read and Concurred with this vote, excepting the name to be Belling- 

ham. 

Jos. Hiller, by order. 
In the House of Representatives 

Nov. 27. 1719, Read & agreed. 

John Burrill Speaker. 



1719.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 185 

Mendon, however, did not consent to be shorn of a por- 
tion of her territory without a protest; as we find that, at 
a town meeting held soon after, they directed the .Selectmen to 
petition the General Court, "for that part of our town they 
have taken from us and laid to Bellingham." 

THE FARMS. 

It may not be uninteresting to learn something of the history 
of " The Farms," mentioned in the above act incorporating the 
town of Bellingham. They were located in the northeastern 
part of the town, and were north of Charles River. They were 
purchased of the Natick Indians by Edward Bawson, Secretary 
of the Colony and father to Grindal Bawson, then the Minister 
of Mendon, as the following evidence will show. 

In the 5th Volume of the Records of Massachusetts, 1674 to 
1686, p. 531, may be found a power of attorney from John 
Awosomog, "now not likely to continue long before his de- 
cease," to Thomas Awossomog, his son, empowering him to sell 
" any of the land the Indian title of which do yet belong to 
me," to any English person or persons. This Instrument 
was signed by John Awosomog and witnessed by Obadiah Morse 
and Peter Ephraim, Dec. 1, 1684. 

Jan. 21, 1685. John Awassomog, Samuel Awassomog, John 
Mooqua, Peter Ephraim, and Eleazer Pegan assigned to Thomas 
Awassomog all the right, title and interest claimed by the Natick 
Indians in " that tract of land lying between the bounds of Natick, 
Charles River, Marlborough and a point of Blackstone River, 
beyond Mendon." This assignment was signed by the Indians 
above-named, and witnessed by Edw. West and Benonj Learned, 
the day above written. It was acknowledged before a Court 
held at Natick by Daniel Gookin, Feb. 18, and recorded by Ed- 
ward Rawson, Secretary of the Colony April 21, 1685. 

April 21, 1685. Thomas Awassamoag and Abigail Awassamoag 
sold two thousand acres of this tract to Edward Rawson. The 
deed was witnessed by Hopestill Leland and Jonathan Fairbank, 
and acknowledged before Samuel Seawall, assistant, on the day 
of its date. It was recorded June 4, 1685, by Edward Rawson 
(the grantee), Colonial Secretary, having been, on the same day, 

24 



186 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1719. 

confirmed to him by the General Court, as may be seen in Vol. 
5, Mass. Records, p. 485. 

By the following, we shall learn that the administrators of Mr. 
Eawson's estate had sold the tract to different persons, as thir- 
teen families were now settled there. 

It seems that up to this time they had paid public and coun- 
try taxes, but not county or town, as will be seen by the follow- 
ing petition: 

" To the Honourable the General Assembly of her Majesty's Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay now sitting in Boston May 31. 1710. 

The Petition of the Selectmen of Mendon, In the Name and on the be- 
half of the said Town, 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That there are a few families settled on a large Farme, con- 
sisting of near two Thousand Acres of land and meddow, formerly Granted 
(purchased first of the Indians for fourteen pounds) to Mr. Edward Raw- 
son, of Boston, deceased, by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay, 
and purchased of the Administrators of his estate, which adjoins to us, and 
the said Families Generally attend the public worship of God with us, 
being nearer to our Public place of "Worship than to any other where they 
can attend. They have paid publique and Country taxes with us, but as 
to County and Town charges are exempt. We have been been forced to 
enlarge our Meeting House the last year, the Old one, being built by us, by 
reason of our Poverty, very streight and the public charge heavy on us, 
considering the disadvantage of our ffrontier & exposed Condition, We 
humbly (pray) they may be laid to us to the support of the Gospel Ministry 
amongst us and our other Country & Town charges; and if, at any time 
hereafter, they can be provided with better accommodations as to the 
means of Grace nearer, We shall, in no sort desire to obstruct their comfort 
therein & in the meantime rest 

Your Honours most humble Servants, 

James Lovet 



Samll. Thayer 
Samll. Moore 
Samll. Read 
Seth Chapin 



- Selectmen. 



In the House of Representatives 
• Read &c. 
Ordered That the prayer of the above Petition be so far Granted as that 
the abovementioned Tract of Land shall be annexed to the Town of Men- 
don & be esteemed Part thereof until this Court shall order otherwise. 

John Clark, Speaker. 
June 7, 1710 Sent up for Concurrence. 
June 28, 1710 In Council Read and Concurred. 

Isaac Addington, Secy. 



1720.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 187 

When the persons living on this territory were " hetter accom- 
modated as to the means of grace nearer/' the people of Mendon, 
it is presumed, " in no sort desiring to obstruct their comfort 
therein," quietly yielded the right of eminent domain, and the 
Farm became an integral portion of Bellingham. 

JOSIAH CHAPIN'S TWO HUNDRED ACEES. 

May 31, 1719. Josiah Chapin had two hundred acres of land 
laid out "on the west side of the township of Mendon, on the 
north side of the road leading to Killingly." These two hundred 
acres have a somewhat curious history. May 18, 1664, the Gen- 
eral Court granted to Samuel Chapin, of Springfield, for services 
rendered the Colony, two hundred acres of land, "where he can 
find it not granted to person or towne." In the Massachusetts 
Archives, "Ancient Plans, Grants, &c, 164 to 1715, Vol. 1, p. 
71, " a plat of these two hundred acres may be found. It was 
laid out by Joseph White and Benjamin Alby, of Mendon, May 
11, 1669, and included most, if not all, of the present site of the 
town of Woonsocket, K. I., north of the Blackstone River. 

Samuel Chapin never removed from Springfield, and June 24, 
1668, by a deed, gave his son Josiah Chapin, of Braintree, all 
his right and title to the grant above mentioned. This deed was 
witnessed by Elizur Holyoke and John Pynchon, and acknowl- 
edged before John Pynchon, Assistant. 

In 1716 the General Court granted Josiah Chapin, of Mendon, 
liberty to lay down this piece of land, and to take it up else- 
where. May 31, 1719, Joseph White, Surveyor of Mendon. at 
the order of Samuel Chapin, laid out the same and made a plat 
of it. It was 200 rods long and 160 rods wide, and June 11, 
1717 the General Court confirmed the title to Mr. Chapin. 



1720. March 7. Being the annual Town Meeting, Lieut. 
Samuel Thayer, was chosen Moderator. 

For Selectmen, Lieut. Samuel Thayer, Capt. Robert Evens, 
Jacob Aldrich, Daniel Taft and Jethro Coffin; Constables, Moses 
Aldrich and Saml. Thayer, Jr.; Town Clerk, Thomas White; 
Treasurer, Samuel Moore; Leather Sealer, Thomas Sanford, and 
School Master, William Boyce. 



188 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1720. 

We have seen that the " Farms" had become incorporated in 
the new town of Bellingham (named after Gov. Bellingham), 
and at this meeting the inhabitants petitioned the town " to Re- 
imbnst or pay back to them the money they had paid towards 
Mr. Dorr's settlement, and the Town did not see cause to grant 
it att present. " 

At this time the inhabitants in the west part of the town (now 
Uxbridge) began to agitate the question of dividing the town or 
of being allowed to be a precinct by themselves; but upon their 
petition to that effect the town took no action. 

In April, the Court of General Sessions recommended towns 
to choose collectors "to gather the Minister's salary distinct 
from the Constables," but the town voted not to follow the 
recommendation of the Court. 

May 10. Josiah Chapin, Esq., was chosen Representative to 
the General Court, which met on the 25th day of May, and, after 
a session of five days, in which nothing was done, was dissolved 
by Gov. Shute. 

June 13. Being a public town meeting to choose a Repre- 
sentative, "after desolving y e Court," and chose Josiah Chapin, 
Esq., Representative, and Thomas White, Grand Juryman. 

May y e 19. 1720. the General Court having granted a part of Mention in 
order to make another Town which was called Bellingham, on the day 
above sd the Selectmen of Mendon and the Committee of Bellingham mett 
and stated the line according to y e Court's grant, Beginning at Deadham 
Tree so Running up stream, with Second Bridge River, one mile and an 
half to John Rockwood's ford way, thence Running East 31 degrees north 
to the norwest corner of the Farm at Mendon East line at y e corner of 
Sherbond Township, which line was agreed on By Both Committees and 
Run by Robert Evens, Surveyor. 

Samuel Thayek ~i John Corbet 1 Committee 



Thomas White I Selectmen Samuel Hayward V of 



Daniel Tapt of Mendon. Joseph HolbrookJ Bellingham. 

Jacob Aldrich J 

It seems the Province line between Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island had not yet been settled, at least to the satisfaction of 
the people of Mendon, as the following vote will show: 

Dec. 10. Voted, that Thomas Sanford, Samuel Thayer and 
Samuel Read be a committee " to make search after the Court's 



1721.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 189 

confirmation of our towne platt as itt was Returned by Joshua 
Fisher and to endeavour to gett Recompence for what the Pro- 
vince Line takes from our township." 

In pursuance of this vote the Selectmen petitioned the Legis- 
lature to reverse their orders on the petition of Samuel Comstock 
and John Foster, and to stay any further proceedings thereon 
until the petitioners be heard. 

The Legislature then ordered that a hearing be had at the 
next session of the Court in May, 1721. " The adverse party 
being Served with a Copy of this Petition and order thereon 
Seasonably, Provided that the Town of Mend on be at the charge 
of a Skilful Surveyor to go to Mendon & make a Platt of the 
Township, conformable to the Return of Joshua Fisher on the 
General Court's Grant to Mendon May 15. 1667 and then Con- 
firmed; and that Capt. William Ward be the Surveyor." 

Nothing appears upon the town or colony records to show 
that the town put in an appearance at the time appointed for a 
hearing. 

The town tax, including Mr. Dorr's salary, for this year was 
£131 03 04. 



1721. The annual town meeting was convened and forth- 
with adjourned to the 14th of March. No reason was given for 
this adjournment, and this meeting was adjourned to the 21st 
of March, also without any reasons given. 

March 21. Thomas Sanford was chosen Moderator; Thomas 
Sanford, Samuel Read, Josiah Thayer, John Farnum and Daniel 
Lovet, Selectmen; Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk; Saml. Read. 
Town Treasurer, and Sergt. Seth Chapin and Nathaniel Raw- 
son, Constables. 

April 17. The Selectmen appointed Capt. Seth Chapin Sealer 
of Weights and Measures. 

May 11. Perambulated the boundary line between Belling- 
ham and Mendon, and renewed the bounds and marks. 

May 17. Thomas Sanford chosen Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court. 

The act for " making and emitting" fifty thousand pounds in 
Bills of Credit was passed March 31. These bills were to serve 



190 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1721. 

as "a medium of exchange in the merchandize, trade and busi- 
ness of the Province." They were to be distributed among the 
towns in proportion to their respective proportion in the last 
Province tax, but it was optional with the voters of the town 
whether they would receive their proportion or not. Trustees 
were to be appointed in each town to loan out the town's pro- 
portion at interest, on good real estate or personal security. The 
Trustees were to be sworn, and were to have a reasonable com- 
pensation for their services. As a fund for the redemption of 
these bills a tax of £50,000 was granted "the King's most ex- 
cellent majesty," to be paid in annual instalments of £10,000 
until the whole should be paid. These bills when redeemed 
were " to be burnt to ashes." 

In the schedule of distribution Mendon was set down at 
£313. 10s., and, on May 17, they voted they would receive it, 
notwithstanding Joseph Taft, sen., Benjamin Taft, Joseph 
Taft, jr., Samuel Read, Seth Aldrich, Ebenezer Read and Nathan 
Tyler entered their protest against the measure. 

Thomas Sanford, Cornet Josiah Thayer and Daniel Taft were 
chosen Trustees, and were directed to loan these Bills of Credit 
in sums of not above twenty nor less than five pounds, the rate 
of interest to be five per cent. 

William Boyce was hired to keep a "Reading and Wrighting 
School during the year, unless the Town should be presented 
for want -of -a Grammar School, when he was to cease keeping at 
y e Selectmen's order." 

If the schoolmaster was not disturbed by the grand jury he 
was to keep through the year. If he kept constantly at the 
school house he was to be paid at the rate of £28 per annum; 
if he kept a moving school he was to be paid at the rate of £30 
per annum, and if he kept the school throughout the year he 
was to be paid three-fourths in money and one-fourth in pro- 
visions at money price. Any lost time was to be " Reducted." 

Mendon Sept. y e 8th. 1721 being a Town meeting Leagally warned to 
take an account of Town Depts and to agree about a Town Rate, 
Thomas Sanford was chosen Moderator. 

Then took an Account of and allowed the Several accompts hereafter 
specified, viz: 

To Jacob Aldrich for keeping Peter Frost (a pauper) £2 10 00 

To Daniel Lovet for 1 day's service & Repairing the Pound 04 00 



1721.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 191 



To Thomas White for 2 days service to Survey land taken from 
the Town by y e Province Line & 1 day to lay out a way 12 00 

To Samll. Read for 2 days to measure Land taken off from y e 

Town as aforesaid & 1 day to Cambridge for y e town 12 00 

To Cornet Thayer for 2 days to measure y e above sd Land and one 

day's journey to Cambridge for y e town 12 00 

To James Keith for 2 days to Measure y e Land and 1 day to per- 
ambulate with Bellingham 08 06 

To justice Chapin 1 journey to Cambridge 06 00 

To Thomas Sanford for 3 days time spent in boston to wait on y e 
Secretary's office to obtain Coppies for the town's use .10s. to 
y e Coppies 5s. to one day to lay cut a highway 2s 17 00 

To Thomas Sanford serving the Town as Representative, with 
journeys to and from y e Court from the 30th. day of May to y c 
21st day of July, 53 days 10 12 00 

To £12 .00 00 for y e support of y e poor that are a town charge. . . 12 00 00 

To £15 00 00 to pay a School Master 15 00 00 

To £6 00 00 to Defray y e succeeding charges with Respect to a 

Representative 06 00 00 

To £75 00 00 for Mr. Dorr's salary 75 00 00 

Amounting to £124 14 00 

In 1709 it was voted that if Mr. Taft (Robert?) and his sons 
would build a bridge over the Great River to their land on 
the west side of sd river, they should be released from working 
on the highway ''until other men's work Come to be propor- 
tionable to theirs in working on the byways." 

Up to 1721 Mr. Taft and sons had done no work on the 
highways save what they had done to the bridge, and, at this 
time, a Committee was chosen "to Discourse with Mr. Taft and 
sons with reference to their falling in with the Town to work on 
the highways, and to report to the Town their terms." 

Sept. 21. The Surveyors were instructed to repair the bridge; 
" the Reparations to be done by hy way work as y e Repairing 
of other byways & bridges." 

"The Town also proposed to y e Tafts to Chuse a man to joyn with y e 
Man the Town chuse to adjust the accounts with them about their build- 
ing a bridge over the Great River, but said Tafts refused to choose as afore- 
said. " 

Whereupon it was voted that Mr . Taft and his sons who had been freed 
by the town from working on the highways on account of building the 
above sd bridge, Do henceforth work aty e highways Equal with the rest of 
y e Inhabitants of y e town, and that y e Surveyors warn them to work at the 



192 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1722. 

highways as other men, and on their refusal, to prosecute them for their 
Neglect as y e Law Directs and that the town will stand by them in their 
prosecution. 



1722. Jan. 9. It seems the Trustees of the town's propor- 
tion of the £50.000 of Bills of Credit had met with some diffi- 
culty in the discharge of their duties; as, this day, the town 
chose a Committee of seven to consider the subject. At the 
same meeting the Committee reported that the Trustees, "first, 
Let out none of said Bills to any man without sufficient securi- 
ty, and 2nd. that, in their opinion, it was Most Conveniant to 
Let no sums of money above ten pounds nor under five." 

Feb. 26. The road or allowance for a way, that leads out of 
the County road leading towards y e Great River from the ten 
rod way by Joseph Plumley's, northward towards Deacon Tiler's, 
was discontinued. This road led from the northerly terminus 
of what is now Washington street to near the barn of Luther E. 
Taft, on what was, formerly, the estate of the late Watee 
Davenport. 

After the warrant for the meeting had been disposed of, the 
following record was made by the Town Clerk " The aforesaid 
Moderator, viz: Daniel Taft, assumed to himself the power to 
appoint and warn a town meeting (without any writing from y e 
Selectmen to order y e same, which is contrary to law, nothing 
being inserted in y e warrant for calling said meeting to that 
purpose) for the choice of Town Officers, which time he ap- 
pointed to be y e first Monday in March next, and calling for a 
vote thereupon obtained y e same by y e holding up y e hand of the 
superior number of them that were present at said meeting." 

As the next town meeting was held on the 12th of March it is 
plain the meeting was not held as it was adjourned by Daniel 
Taft. 

March 12. At the meeting this day Daniel Taft was chosen 
Moderator and then adjourned to the 26th instant at 8 o'clock 
A. M. 

March 26. Selectmen, Thomas Sanford, Dea. John Jones, 
Ebenezer Read, Lieut. Thomas Thayer, and Daniel Taft; Town 
Clerk, Samuel Read; Town Treasurer, Capt. Seth Chapin; Con- 



1722.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 193 

stables, Peter Aldrich, who refusing to serve or pay his Hue had 
his name referred to the General Sessions, and John Cook was 
then chosen for this end of the town and Thomas Thayer, jr., 
for the lower end*of the town. 

March 30. The school to be kept in four places viz: " at the 
school house, over the Mill River, at y e south end of the town 
and about the Great River," William Boyce to he the school 
master. 

May 16. Thomas Sanford was chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

July 19. Josiah Chapin, Esq., and Cornet Josiah Thayer 
were added to the Committee "to endeavour to defend the 
Town's Rights against y e Providence Petitioners &c." The Se- 
lectmen were also instructed to repair the meeting house. 

It seems that there was some uncertainty about the vote agree- 
ing to take the allotment of the bills of credit assigned to the 
town, as we find a meeting was afterwards called by warrant of 
the Selectmen (being the first warrant upon record) "to Con- 
sider and Resolve what further to do " about the £313. 10s of the 
bills of credit &c. At this meeting it was again voted to receive 
the £313. 10s of the bills of credit and Thomas Sanford, Daniel 
Taft and Jacob Aldrich were chosen Trustees. 

Sept. 5. Voted to raise £52 including the loan money being 
the interest on the bills of credit, to pay town charges. 

Oct. 16. The inhabitants of the western part of the town ob- 
jecting to being assessed for repairs to the meeting house, the 
toAvn voted they would reimburse them provided they are set off 
as a precinct or a town within the space of three years. 

William Boyce still continues the schoolmaster at £30 a year 
in bills of credit, one-half in November and one-half in March; 
and to keep the school one quarter at the south end of y e town 
(now Blackstone), the second quarter over Mill River (now Mil- 
ford) the third about y e Great River (now Uxbridge) and y e 
fourth at the school house. 

Ebenezer Staples, John Darling and Josiah Chapin, Esq., 
were appointed by the Selectmen as guardians of Ephraim 
Staples, they adjudging him to be " non compis mentice." 

25 



194 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1723. 

1723. March 4. The annual town meeting was held and 
Daniel Taft was chosen Moderator. 

Chose for Selectmen Daniel Taft, James Keith, William 
Boyce, Ebenezer Eead; Town Clerk, Samuel Eead; Town Treas- 
urer, Capt. Seth Chapin; Constables, Ebenezer Cook and John 
Thompson. 

March 5. The Town Treasurer was directed to call in the in- 
terest on the loan money (bills of credit) and give a discharge 
for it for 1722. 

A committee of thirteen were added to the committee already 
chosen to make a new measurement of the township. 

April 6, 1723. The town was surveyed by Samuel Thaxter by 
order of the General Court; and by his plan, as may be seen in 
"Ancient Plans,. Grants &c 1716 to 1734, vol. 2, p. 97," the 
town contained 60,896 acres. By this plan the western bound- 
ary was 10 miles and 110 rods, while the eastern was 10 miles 
and 90 rods long, whereas the original grant was 8 miles square, 
giving- 40,960 acres as the area of the town. 

June 24. Jacob Aldrich was chosen grand juryman; and it 
was also voted "to build two new windows, one in each end of 
the meeting house and to have them set above the beams of said 
house." 

It seems the action of Daniel Taft, Moderator of the town 
meeting held Feb. 26, 1722, and the record of the Town Clerk, 
at that time, had given rise to a controversy in the town as the 
following action of the toAvn testifies. 

" Whereas at a meeting of the freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Mendon on the 26th day of february in the year 1722, Daniel Taft 
of said Mendon was chosen Moderator of said Meeting and a Record made 
thereof, together with an entry thereunto annexed and inserted in the Town 
Book by the Town Clerk of that year; said Entry tending to the Defama- 
tion of him the aforesaid Moderator, by saying that he unto himself as- 
sumed Power to Call for a Vote of the Town, which, in said entry is men- 
tioned his obtainment of by holding up the hand, and it not appearing to 
the Town of Mendon afore sd y* y e Moderator did unto himself assume 
Power as afore sd expressed but by and at y e motion unto him sd Moderator 
made by a considerable number of y e persons at sd Meeting qualified and 
the Town having considered the dangerous Consequences that attend such 
an unordered Entry doth hereby disaprove of and Utterly Make Null and 
Void the afore sd Entry, Rendering the same to be improper and out of 
Joynt any thing therein to the Contrary Contained Notwithstanding." 



1723.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 195 

Why the record of the Town Clerk should have been found 
fault with does not appear, as it is not charged that the facts 
were not as he recorded them. At any rate the town meeting 
appointed by Daniel Taft was not held, which goes to show that 
the meeting if held would not have been legal. 

At a meeting held July 19th, "it was voted that the Town 
will agree to Confirm Ten Hundred Acres of Undevided Laud 
Bounded upon the Province Line where it is now stated and upon 
the West Line in the southerly part of our Township unto 
Samuel Comstock of Providence and his Associates (William 
Jenks representing the same company) for the Nine Hundred 
Acres of Land granted by the General Court to be laid out in 
the Country Land, Provided it may put a final issue to all the 
Controversies that are or may arise Between Samuel Comstock 
and his Associates and the Town of Mendon forever about sd 
farms.'' 

All the trouble with Samuel Comstock and Company arose 
from the error which the people of Mendon entertained that the 
southern boundary of the town was identical with the southern 
boundary of the Province, whereas there was, at least, the width 
of a mile between them. 

A perusal of the action of the General Court in this matter, 
which will be found in the following extracts from the Colonial 
records, will set the controversy with the Providence petitioners 
in a clearer light than can be gathered from the records of the 
town. Believing that the truth of history should be verified, 
and that it will be interesting to know how such matters were 
conducted in the olden time, the doings of the General Court in 
the premises will be found in the following pages. 

At a town meeting held June (!, 1705, the town chose a com- 
mittee to confer with a committee of Providence, and " if they 
Com or send over concerning our Land they claim on the Weast 
side of the Great River take theire account and present the same 
to the town." 

Sept. 11. 1705. The Conference Committee made their report 
to the town, which we infer was not satisfactory, as they voted 
that "a Complaint should be made to his Excellency and the 
General Court, and Capt. Josiah Chapin was chosen a Committee 
to trans Mitt y e abov mentioned Report or Complaint to y e abov 
sd Court and to Transact that Afair with sd Court." 



196 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1723. 

This complaint was, without doubt, based upon the claim of 
Samuel Comstock to the 900 acres granted him by the town of 
Providence, which, it was affirmed, encroached upon the bounds 
of the town. 

The General Court's answer to the complaint may be found in 
the 8th volume, p. 253, of the Colonial Eecords: 

"Nov. 6, 1706. Upon reading this day, at the Board, a Complaint ex- 
hibited by the Selectmen of Mendon of Encroachments and a Claim made 
by the Inhabitants of Providence, on Pretense of an Indian Deed, to near 
one half of the Township of Mendon and other lands lying within this 
Province." 

"Ordered that Nathaniel Bytield, Nathaniel Payne Esq., Mr. Nathaniel 
Blagrow, Major Samuel Thaxter and Capt. John Ware, or any three of 
them, be a Committee to go upon ye ancient stated line of the boundaries 
between this Province and the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations to the extent of the late Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, ac- 
cording to the Grant and the Royal Charter of this Province, and to renew 
the Bound Marks where they shall be needed ; and that his Excellency, the 
Governor, be desired to write to the Government of Rhode Island and ac- 
quaint them with the Court's appointment of a Committee for the service 
afore said, that they may appoint persons on the part of that Government, 
if they see fit, to attend at the Time and Place, to be agreed upon by ours, 
to see and take knowledge of our Line, That their Government may give 
the necessary orders to restrain their poeple from Making any Encroach- 
ment or Disturbance. The said Committee to make Report of their Doings 
to this Court, at the next session, after they have performed the said ser- 
vice. 

Wch Order being sent, the Representatives was agreed to by that House 
And is consented to by 

J. Dudley, Govr. 

Maj. Thaxter, under the direction of the Committee, surveyed 
the township April 6, 1723. Upon his plat "Ancient Plans, 
(< rants, &c, 1716, to 1734, vol. 2, p. 97," we find, first, the 
Patent line between Massachusetts and Rhode Island; second, 
and north of this line, another line being the line as between 
Massachusetts and Connecticut, extended across Maj. Thaxter's 
plat, and still farther north a dotted line eight miles from the 
1 1 < irthern boundary. 

Colonial Records, Vol. 12, p. 21. 

"At a General Court held Nov. 7, 1723 It was voted that Samuel Corn- 
stock might have the 900 acres provided the Government of Rhode Island 



1723.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 197 



and Providence Plantations quitclaim a mile northward of the Colony 
Line." 

Colonial Records, Vol. 12, p. 304. 

"Paul Dudley, from the Committee of both Houses gave in their Report 
upon the Petition of William Jenks of Providence and his Associates, are 
of opinion that the Nine hundred Acres of Land mentioned in the petition 
should he confirmed to the Petitioners by the Court, Provided that this 
Government or those claiming by or under them be, in no wise, at any 
time hereafter, Defeated or Molested in their Rights and Possession of the 
Mile of Land, described in the Petition, which was formerly Granted to the 
Colony of Rhode Island but lately quit-claimed by them to this Govern- 
ment, in consideration of the Petitioners having their 900 acres confirmed 
to them by this Court, Provided also that the Petitioners make satisfaction 
to such persons as may have entered upon any part of the said 900 acres 
for any buildings, fences or other Improvements by them made upon the 
premises, the value thereof to be appraised by three persons, viz: — the 
Surveyor to be appointed by the Court and two others to be chosen by the 
Petitioners and Occupants respectively, and whereas it appears by a late 
survey (Major Thaxter's) that the Town of Mendon have extended their 
Line beyond their original grant from this Court, and the platt of said 
Township is said to have been burnt in the Town House in Boston, for it 
cannot be found in the Public Records of the Province, wherefore some 
Difficulties and Controversies might arise in and to the Proprietors of the 
Town of Mendon, for the quieting & Remedying thereof it is proposed that 
the Southern Bounds of the said Township of Mendon should extend Home 
to the Colony Line Saving the property of the Nine Hundred Acres as afore 
sd to the Petitioners, 

In the name by order of the Committee 

Paul Dudley. 

In Council Read it Ordered that this Report be accepted. 

In the H. of R. Read & Concurred. 

Consented by Wm. Dummer, Govr." 

The burning of the plat in the Town House at Boston may 
have taken place; but as all the plats mentioned in the town 
records can be found in the Massachusetts Archives, it is sup- 
posed the report of the burning may have been a mistake. 

There are four plans of the Township of Mendon to be found 
in the Archives at the State House. The first one is the original 
plan, by Joshua Fisher, of Dedham, and may be found in "An- 
cient Plans, Grants, &c, Vol. 1643 to 1715, p. 54." The second 
was made by Joseph White and Samuel Read in Nov. 1674, accord- 
ing to the grant of the General Court to mend our line, and accord- 
ing to the direction of the man that sold the land, he being 



198 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1723. 

present. (Ancient Plans, Grants, &c, 1643 to 1715, p. 93.) 
The third was made by Samuel Thaxter, April 6, 1723, on 
account of the difficulty about Mr. Jenks' 900 acres, and the 
fourth was made (by whom not known) in 1727, at the incorpo- 
ration of Uxbridge. 

Colonial Records, Vol. 12, p. 319, Friday, Dec. 14, 1724. 

"In the H. of R. Ordered that John Chandler Esq be the Surveyor 
and he is hereby fully Authorized and Impowered to take a Survey of the 
Nine Hundred Acres of Land petitioned for by William Jenks, of Provi- 
dence, and his Associates and granted to them by this Court, passed the 
Eleventh day of this Instant December, and to do all things Directed and 
Ordered to be done by the said Surveyor & by said vote 
In Council Read & Con. 

Consented to Wm. Dttmmer." 

Colonial Records, Vol. 12. Friday, June 11, 1725. 

John Chandler, Esq., gave in the following report of the sur- 
vey of lands near Mendon, granted to Wm. Jenks and his as- 
sociates, viz: 

" Pursuant to an Order of the Great and General Court of Assembly of 
the 18th. of December last past, I, the Subscriber have laid out to Wm. 
Jenks Esq. and his Associates the Nine Hundred Acres of Land granted 
them within this Province on the 11th. day of said December; wch said 
Land lies in six pieces and were shown unto me by the Grantees. The 
said Tracts lay formerly (as was supposed) within the Township of Provi- 
dence in the Woods called Shacanoc'k (Shokolog) now in the Township of 
Mendon, the Surveys & Plans whereof are hereunto annexed. The work 
was performed on the thirtieth day of April and the first day of May fol- 
lowing. There assisted the sundry persons who claimed the Lands, who 
brought with them from the Records of the town of Providence, Attested 
Copys of the former Surveys, also James Walling and Jona. Sprague Jr. 
who declared on oath that they were upon the original Surveys. And the 
sundry Tracts now Surveyed we laid out in the same place as formerly as 
near as may be. But the Measure being large the said Tracts were reduced 
to a just and true Measure. The said Jonathan Sprague and William 
Chandler were appointed Chairmen & I put them on Oath for the faithful 
discharge of their Trust. 

Four of said Tracts happen to have no improvement upon them viz: — 
John Arnold, Hezekiah Comstock, Capt Sylvanus Scott and Capt. Daniel 
Abbott, There are Considerable Improvements within the bounds of 
Daniel Comstock's Land but no house. The occupant of the Land brot 
no person to Set a valuation on his Labour, although Mr. Comstock brot 
one on his part viz: Capt, Foster, who was present for that service. But 
the parties concerned seemed induced to agree among themselves. 



1724.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 199 

On Mr. Jenk's Tract there is a House built & Land under Improvement 
done by Mr. Seth Aldrich, whose son lives on it, and although Mr. Jenks 
sent word for Mr. Aldrich to come and see the Survey and bring a man to 
assist in valuing the Labour Yet we heard nothing from him & have as yet 
made no valuation, all which is respectfully submitted by 
Your most Dutiful Servant 

John ('handler, Surveyor. 
Boston June 2. 1725. 

June 11. In Council Read ifc Ord. that, this Report be accepted and that 
the Land Mentioned therein be confirmed to William Jehks and his Asso- 
ciates According to the Survey thereof made and Returned by John 
Chandler Esq. 

In H. of R. Read and Non Concurred. 

June 19, 1725 The H. of R. reconsidered their vote of non concurrence 
upon the Petition of William Jenks passed June 11 iiist. and then con- 
curred with the Council with this amendment, "If it do not interfere with 
any grant made to the Town of Mendon." 

In Council R. & C. 

Consented to W.\r. Dummek. 

The controversy about William Jenks' nine hundred acres 
being- brought to a close, the Town, like all parties at the end of 
a law suit, set themselves about the business of raising funds to 
defray its cost. To this end they sold to Seth Aldrich twenty 
acres at nine shillings per acre; to Peter Aldrich, Benjamin Taft 
& Solomon Wood ten acres each, at ten shillings per acre. 

To Edmond Rawson, Ebenezer Read and Joseph White ten 
acres each at ten shillings and six pence per acre. 

This year the boundaries between Mendon and Hopkinton 
were perambulated by Seth Chapin and Daniel Lovet of Mendon, 
and John How and Jacob (libbs of Hopkinton, and "renewed 
what marks tliev could find." 



1724. Jan 13. "A Committee was chosen to sue for and 
Receive Pay for Damage done or may hereafter be done to the 
Pine or Cedar Swamps belonging to the Town." 

It was voted "that David How and his heirs and assigns 
should have the Improvement of the Mill Pond so Long as he or 
they shall keep and maintain the Corn Mills for the use of the 
inhabitants and to their satisfaction." The two corn mills were 



200 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1725. 

probably two run of stones in the same building, and were located 
where Benjamin Albee built the first mill. 

Robert Benham, William Rutter and Benjamin Hayward had 
their taxes forgiven them. 

Feb. 3. A committee of nine were chosen to consider the 
subject of selling the ministry land, and, if thought expedient, 
in what way and manner to dispose of the same. 

Feb. 17. Voted, that the Trustees of the Bills of Credit for 
the first year shall have twenty shillings for their service, and 
afterward "as the Town shall agree." 

Then voted the Trustees should have one-fourth of the inter- 
est accruing from the loans of the Bills of Credit, they giving 
security " for Endemnyfying the Town from any Charge or Dif- 
ficulty." 

March 3. Chose John Brown, Thomas Thayer, Samuel Read, 
William Boyce and Joseph Taft for Selectmen; Capt. Seth Cha- 
pin, Town Treasurer, and Samuel Thayer and Joseph Taft, Jr., 
Constables. As no record is made of the choice of a Town 
Clerk, it is presumed that Samuel Read continued in that 
office. 

Aug. 19. Oliver Coller and family and David Provender and 
family, and on Oct 19, Felsha were severally warned to depart 
and leave the town. 



1725. Jan. 4. Being a " Public Town Meeting to Manage 
our Land Concerns," the town added four more to the commit- 
tee already chosen to manage the land concerns against the Prov- 
idence petitioners. 

Notwithstanding the General Court had surveyed and con- 
firmed the 900 acres to Jenks & Company, and notwithstanding 
Maj. Thaxter's survey shewed that the boundaries claimed by 
the town gave 20,000 acres more than the eight miles square in 
the act of incorporation, still the town did not give up the idea 
that William Jenks and his associates were interlopers, and were 
attempting to seize a portion of their goodly heritage, hence 

Jan. 18. It was voted ''that Capt. William Ward should be 
the Surveyor, with liberty to appoint the chain men, to New 
Run the bounds of the Town." 



1726. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 201 

Whether any survey was made by Capt. Ward, the further 
records of the town furnish no evidence, nor is any plan, drawn 
by him, to be found in the Massachusetts archives. 

March y e 1st. Annual Meeting, John Brown chosen Moder- 
ator. 

Chose. John Brown. Thomas White, Ebenezer Read, Eleazer 
Daniels and Daniel Taft, Selectmen; Thomas White, Town 
Clerk; Jacob Aldrich, Town Treasurer; and Wm. Boyce, School- 
master. No record of the choice of Constables. 

July 10. A complaint was made by several persons living in 
the northwest part of the town, on the east side of the Great 
River, "about the place where a way was formerly laid out over 
the Great River." and a committee was chosen "to vew sd way 
and the River thereabouts, att the charge of the nebourhood 
there dwelling, and so make Report to the town where they 
think the way may be most convenient for the Intrest of the 
Town and good of the nebarhood." 

Aug. 3. The Treasurer acknowledges the receipt of £39, 15s. 
in full for lands sold Seth Aldrich, Peter Aldrich, Benjamin 
Taft, Solomon Wood, Edmond Rawson, Ebenezer Read and 
Joseph White, to pay the costs arising in the Providence contro- 
versy. 

Aug. 30. Voted to raise £42, to defray town charges this 
year. 



1726. March 4. Being the annual town meeting, chose 
John Brown, Thomas Sanford, Thomas Thayer, Seth Chapin, 
Jr., and Ebenezer Read. Selectmen; Thomas White, Town 
Clerk; Daniel Lovet, Town Treasurer, and Thomas Tenney and 
Daniel Darling, Constables. John Boyce was continued as 
Schoolmaster. 

March 26. •"After debate concerning Mr. Dorrs salary,'' 
voted, not to alter his salary, but to make quarterly contribu- 
tions for his relief this present year. 

Voted to accept the road laid out by the Selectmen, from 
Scull Rock bridge to the iron works on the east side of the Great 
River. 

Voted to allow a penny per head "for the great sort of birds, 



202 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1727. 

that is so many as are killed between April 1st. and the middle 
of June." 

May y e 9th. John Brown was chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

Sept. 5. After taking the valuation of those who were pres- 
ent, " considering the great number of the inhabitants of said 
town who by reason of sickness could not attend." the meeting 
was adjourned to Oct. 18. 

What this sickness was neither record or tradition informs us. 
During the supposed period of its prevalence the only recorded 
deaths were Ebenezer White, son of Joseph White, Benjamin 
Wheaton and Josiah Chapin, Esq. Quite likely other deaths 
may have occurred, but whose names were not recorded. 

Sept. 16. After choosing Ebenezer Wood, Grandjuryman, the 
only other business transacted was to vote "" that considering the 
great sickness which is now in the town, swine should be allowed 
to run at large the remainder of the year, being yoked and 
ringed as the law directs." 

Sept. y e 28th. Sarah Green and her son were warned "to de- 
part & leave the town," and afterwards John Lindsey and wife, 
Oliver Watson and family, Elizabeth Dobbinna, Frank Allen 
and Mary Cormick, " intruders in the town of Mendon," were 
warned out. 

Oct. y e 18th. Voted to raise £50 to defray town charges this 
year. 

Dec. y e 14th. Chose Josiah Thayer, James Keith and Seth 
Aldrich a committee " to see that the highways in our town are 
not incroached upon or straitened by fences or other incom- 
brances. " 

At said meeting, in answer to our western inhabitants peti- 
tioning to be set off as a town or precinct, the vote passed in 
the negative. This was the first mention of the agitation which 
finally resulted in the division of the town and the incorporation 
of Uxbridge. 



1727. March 0. Chose Thomas Sanford, Thomas Thayer, 
Joseph White, jr., Seth Chapin, sen., and James Keith, sen., 
Selectmen; Thomas White, Town Clerk; Benjamin Green and 
Benjamin Darling, Constables, and then adjourned till to-mor- 



1727.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 203 

row morning, and then chose Daniel Lovefct, Town Treasurer &c. 
Although the disagreement between Bellingham and Mendon 
in regard to a portion of the boundary line between the towns 
lias been recently settled by an Act of the General Court in favor 
of the claim of Mendon, that Charles River, from the bridge at 
Bellingham factory to the monument north of Ellis Bullard's 
(formerly the Dedham Tree), still it will not be uninteresting to 
know how that matter was regarded by the two towns one hun- 
dred and fifty years ago. 

Bellingham April y e 24th, 1727. Wee the subscribers Being apointed 
By the selectmen of Bellingham to preambulate with Mendon, we accord- 
ingly met Jacob Aldrich and Nathaniel Rawson, sent by the select men of 
mendon. We Began at the farm corner of Mendon line and so marked 
eight trees on four sides, y e first a walnut tree, y e second a white oak tree, 
y e 3d a walnut, y e 4th. a white oak, y e 5th. a walnut, y e 6th. a Black oak, 
y e 7th a White oak and y e 8th. a white oak near Second Bridge River Be- 
low John Rockwood's house and so down said River to Dedham Tree and 
from thence to the Great River. Renewing the Bounds upon said line. 

John Thomson, 
Joseph Holbrook, 
Jacob Aldrich 
JNathaniel Rawson. 

March 31. After debate concerning the Rev. Mr. Dorr's sal- 
ary it was voted " to have a monthly contribution for his sup- 
plyment the present year." 

Also voted, after the reading of the petition of the western 
inhabitants of the town for a division of the town, that the 
boundaries should be as follows, viz: Beginning at the south- 
west corner of the town at the Province line, thence east four 
miles with said line, thence turning north and running parallel 
with the west line of the town until it comes to a small brook 
running westerly between West and Misco Hills, thence down 
said brook to the West river, thence up said river to Andruss's 
brook and thence up said Andruss's to the township line. 

In the Massachusetts Archives " Towns vol. 113, p. 714,'' 
may be found the act for incorporating the town of Fxbridge, 
and which is in the following words: 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Decimo Tertip. 
An Act for dividing the Town of Mendon and Erecting a new town by 
the name of Uxbridge. 



204 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1727. 

Whereas the westerly part of the Town of Mendon, in the County of 
Suffolk is completely filled with Inhabitants who labour under great diffi- 
culties by their remoteness from the place of Public Worship &c, and 
have thereupon made application to the said Town of Mendon and 
have likewise addressed this Court that they may be set off as a distinct 
and separate Town and be vested with all the powers and privileges of a 
town; and the Inhabitants of Mendon having consented to their being set 
off accordingly : 

Be it Therefore Enacted by the Lieutenant Governor, Council and Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled and by the authority of the same, 
that the westerly part of said Town of Mendon is hereby set off and con- 
stituted a separate Township by the name of Uxbridge, the bound of said 
Town to be as f olloweth ; That is to say, Beginning at the South West cor- 
ner of the Town of Mendon at the Province South Line, thence to run four 
miles east with the Province line, then North a parallel with the West line 
of the said Town until that line meets with a small Brook that runs be- 
tween West Hill and Misco Hill, then y e said Brook to be the bounds to 
the West River, then the West River to be the bounds to a brook known 
by the name of Andreu's brook, which brook shall be the bounds to the 
north line of the Township. 

And that the Inhabitants of the said Lands as before described and 
bounded be and hereby are invested with the powers, privileges and immu- 
nities that the Inhabitants of any of the Towns of this Province are or 
ought by law to be invested; Provided the Grant of the sd Township be 
not construed to Affect the Rights and privileges of any Persons to lands 
within the same. 

Provided also that the Inhabitants of the said Town of Uxbridge do 
within the space of two years from the Publication of this Act, Erect and 
finish a suitable House for the Public Worship of God and procure and 
settle a learned Orthodox Minister of good conversation and make provis- 
ion for his comfortable and honourable support and that they set apart a 
Lot of not less than one hundred acres of Land in some convenient place 
in said town near the meeting House for the use of the Ministiy and like- 
wise provide a School Master to Instruct their youth in writing and reading. 

In Council June 21, 1727 Read. 

June 22. Read a second time & Sent down for concurrence. 

J. Wtllard, Secj'. 

Passed to be Engrossed. 

In the House of Representatives, June 23, 1727. 

Read a first time. The 24th. Read a second time and passed in con- 
currence with amendment. 



Dele x& Sent up for concurrence. 

Wm. Dudley, Speaker. 
Agreed. 

The Council passed the bill with the following words inserted 
after " reading" at the end. 



1727.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 205 

" And that thereupon they be discharged from any further payment for 
the maintainance of the Ministry and School in the said Town of Mendon 
for any estate lying within the said Town of Uxhridge. 

This the Rep 9 struck out by the Dele $$£ " 

The Lieutenant Governor, acting at the time of the passage 
of this act, was William Dummer. Gov. Slmte, after a long and 
acrimonious quarrel with the General Court, suddenly left the 
country Jan. 1, 1723, and until July, 1728, when Governor Bur- 
net arrived at Boston, Mr. Dummer acted as Governor. 

At this period, for the first time, we find the record of a war- 
rant for a town meeting. 

Aug. 28. At a town meeting held this day the warrant con- 
tained the following articles: 

1. To give in a valuation of the rateable estates. 

2. To ascertain the Town debts and provide for their liquidation. 

3. To choose another Selectman. 

4. To settle the line with Uxhridge. 

5: To see whether they would build a new meeting house. 

At this meeting the town's debts, amounting to £5. lbs. . were 
found to be due to the following persons, viz: 



Thomas Thaver 


09 00 


Nat hi. Rawson 


04 00 


James Keith 


15 06 


Nathan Tiler 


16 00 


Thomas White 


11 00 


04 00 




03 00 
17 06 


07 06 




07 06 



One hundred pounds were raised and appropriated to pay Mr. 
Dorr's salary and the ordinary town charges. 

Jacob Aldrich, Thomas Sanford and Oapt. Thomas Thayer 
were chosen a committee to settle the line with Uxhridge. 

Voted not to build a new Meeting House and then dissolved 
the meeting. 

DAVID HOW'S PETITION ABOUT THE MILL POND. 

The Petition of David How humbly sheweth as the Town of Mendon in 
times past hath Been pleased to propagate and incourage persons who have 
been oficious in their service By gratuity &c, and your petitioner having a 
purpose to erect, set up and maintain another Grist mill near to where the 
present fulling mill now standeth which may render the matter convenient 



206 ANNALS OF MENDON. | 1728. 

for Grinding of corn in a scarcity of watter, that you Gentlemen would be 
pleased to grant your petitioner his heirs and assigns the full liberty and 
peaceable possession & improvement of the present Mill Pond which to the 
town is now appertaining so that he your said petititioner his heirs and 
assigns as aforesaid may draw off the aforesaid pond in the spring and sum- 
mer time viz: from and after the first day of May until the first day of 
October and make improvement thereof for mowing if he or they shall 
see fit so to do, for such a time and not longer than your said petititioner 
his heirs and assigns shall do, well and truly keep up and maintain, at his 
and their own and proper cost and charge the aforesaid Corn mill or mills 
for the accommodable use of the town of Mendon aforesaid for the grind- 
ing of their corn, is the prayer and Request of your humble petitioner. 

David How. 

This petition was dated in 1723, but whether it was then pre- 
sented cannot now be determined. Following its record in 1727, 
the town voted that its prayer be granted and be entered upon 
the Record. 

atest Thomas Sanford, moderator for sd meeting. 

Nov. 29. The subject of building a new meeting house was 
again brought before the town, and, "after a considerable De- 
bate,"' it was voted "to dismiss y e article until a new sum- 
mons." 

At this meeting the rates of Capt. Robert Evens, the two Lin- 
seys' rates and the rate of Joseph Emerson were foregone, pro- 
vided the Constables could not collect them. The rates against 
the widow Brown, widow Rawson, Isaac Benson, Nathan Gaskill 
and Joseph Chilson were foregone without condition. 



1728. March y e 4. For Selectmen, Thomas Sanford, Capt. 
Thomas Thayer, Daniel Taft, Seth Chapin, jr., and Nathaniel 
Rawson; Town Clerk, Thomas White; Town Treasurer, Daniel 
Lovet, and Jonathan Thayer, sen., and John Tiler, jr., for Con- 
stables. 

Voted, that sheep might run at large without a shepherd. 

The Board of Assessors at this period consisted of the Com- 
missioner of Assessments and a majority of the Selectmen. By 
the Act of the General Court, passed Nov. 16, 1693, a Commis- 
sioner of Assessments was to be annually chosen; but, since 
1716, when Josiah Chapin, Esq., was elected to that office, we 



1728. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 207 

do not find that the record of another choice was made. As 
Josiah Chapin died in 1726, it is presumed that .some one was 
appointed in his stead. 

Sept. 26. 1728. The Selectmen met and agreed with Mr. Grindal Raw- 
son to keep school in and for the Town for six months from and after the 
24th day of October next att the direction of the Selectmen, and to make 
up such time as he shall loose until the six .months are completed, and as a 
recompence the Selectmen in behalf of the Town have iugaiged to pay him 
the sum of twenty-two pounds and ten shillings as witness our hands 

acquiesed therewith. Thomas Sanford 1 

Grindal Rawson. Thomas Thayer „ , 

„ -Selectmen. 

Seth Chapin 

Nathaniel Rawson ] 

The schoolmaster above contracted with was the eleventh 
child of the Rev. Grindal and Susanna (Wilson) Rawson. the 
third minister of the town. He was born Sept. 6. 1707, and 
was probably the first person to graduate from Harvard College. 
He graduated in 1728. He afterwards taught here in 1729 and 
1730. 

Mr. E. B. Crane, in his Rawson Family Memorial, was mis- 
taken in supposing that Grindal Rawson taught the first public 
school in Mendon. John Warfield, William Boyce and others 
had taught the public schools for some years prior to the advent 
of Mr. Rawson, Deacon Warfield having been chosen schoolmas- 
ter many years before. According to the town records, neither 
Deacon Warfield, Mr. Boyce, or the others, instructed the 
scholars in any branch beyond reading and writing. 

There being but one school-house as yet in the town, the 
schools were kept in different portions of the town, and were 
called moving schools. 

Mr. Rawson. being the graduate of a college, was. without 
doubt, hired to teach something besides reading and writing; 
and so. if he was not hired to teach the first public school, his 
was the first of an advanced grade. 

By this time the subject of a new meeting house was again 
agitated. 

Feb. ( J, 1728. The town " voted to build a new meeting 
house and it passed by a clear vote to sett sd meeting house 
within twenty Rods of the place where the meeting house now 



208 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1728. 

stands; this vote was tryed By dividing the house and number- 
ing the poles." 

At this meeting a disagreement in regard to the line between 
Mendon and Uxbridge began to be mooted, and although at- 
tempts were made, from time to time, to settle the question of 
boundary, yet no final adjustment was made until 1754. At 
this meeting it was asked whether the town would grant the 
town of Uxbridge "sixt Rod for Sagg of Chain," and the vote 
passed in the negative. 

Thomas Sanford protested against the vote fixing a location 
for the meeting house, and James Keith protested against the 
whole doings of the meeting. 

This meeting was adjourned to March 25, when the town met 
and, after "a considerable discourse," about what does not ap- 
pear upon the record, again adjourned to the 25th of August, 
and at that time "it passed by a clear vote that every article 
that was acted on by virtue of a warrant bearing date February 
y e 19, 1728 is and shall Be and Remain for ever to be of no value 
nor virtue Butt shall forever be accompted to be of no force nor 
virtue." 

The General Court having voted to issue £60,000 in Bills of 
Credit, Capt. Seth Chapin, Jacob Aldrich and Nathan Tyler 
were chosen Trustees to manage the share of Mendon, which was 
£270. 

May 15. Daniel Taft was chosen Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court, and it was again voted "to build a new meeting 
house within twenty rods of the place where the meeting house 
now stands." 

July 12. Thomas Sanford, Thomas Thayer and Jacob Aldrich, 
a committee, met John Farnum, Solomon Wood and Joseph 
Taft, a committee of the town of Uxbridge, and run the line 
betAveen the two towns, as is recorded by the town clerk. It is 
not found that this committee made any report of their doings, 
and so, it is supposed, the controversy was held still in abeyance. 

August 30. Town debts were audited as follows: 

Thomas Sanford £2 01 00 Jacob Aldrich £1 16 00 

Capt. Thomas Thayer. . . 1 03 00 Thomas White 1 10 00 

Philip Leasure. 04 00 Capt, Seth Chapin 05 00 

Voted to raise £40 to defray town charges the present year. 



1729.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 200 

A committee was chosen to lay out 200 acres of land for the 
proprietors, but for what purpose does not appear, inasmuch as 
the proprietors owned all the unappropriated lands. 

About tin's time a division of the County (Mendon still be- 
longed to the County of Suffolk) began to be agitated, but Men- 
don " voted not to come in with Johnson's petition for a new 
county." 

The interest for the school money this year was nine pounds. 
as receipted for by Daniel Lovet, Town Treasurer. 



1729. March 3. Chose Daniel Taft Moderator. 

Chose Samuel Thayer. Daniel Lovet, Capt. Thomas Thayer, 
Thomas Sanford and Nathaniel Rawson, Selectmen, and then 
adjourned until to-morrow at 11 o'clock A. M., Deacon John 
Tiler and Thomas White, Town Clerk, protesting against irregu- 
larities in the choice of town officers. 

March 4. The town met, pursuant to adjournment, when, 
" after some discourse and in a tumult," the Moderator (Daniel 
Taft) adjourned sd meeting until March 11th. 

March 8. The following record shows that, although they 
usually kept the bonds of peace, the inhabitants did not always 
work together in the spirit of unity. 

For some reason, though not stated, the Town Clerk refused 
to record the proceedings of the meeting held March 3d, as will 
be seen by the following order: 

"March 8. Thomas White, Town Clerk of Mendon; these are to order 
you to record all the votes passed in our town meeting for the choice of 
Town officers on March y e third current and continued by the town ad- 
journment to March the fourth current and also by whom said meeting was 
ajorned to sd fourth day of March current and likewise Record this order 
therewith 

pr us Thomas Thayer | 

Thomas Sanfokd Select 

Nathaniel Rawson '• men 

Samuel Thayer I f Mendon." 
Daniel Lovet J 

March 11. At this meeting Capt. Seth Chapin, Daniel Taft, 
Capt. William Rawson, Jacob Aldrich and Nathan Tiler were 
chosen Selectmen; Thomas White, Town Clerk; Ebenezer Staples, 



210 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1729. 

Town Treasurer, and James Wood and John Legg for Asses- 
sors. As showing the increase of the length of roads in town, 
nine Highway Surveyors were chosen. 

March 18. At a town meeting " for compleating the choice of 
officers &c" legally warned, 

James Keith was chosen Moderator by 44 votes. 

Thomas Sanford was then chosen Town Clerk by 40 votes; 
Daniel Lovet was chosen Town Treasurer by 36 votes; Nathan 
Penniman was chosen Constable for the south end of the town, 
and William Hay ward, Tershus, for the north end of the town. 
All the minor offices were then filled. 

April 4. The records of the General Court, Vol. XIV., pp. 
212, 226 and 227, will set forth the end, if they do not explain 
the nature of the irregularities of the town meetings in March. 

On page 212 may be found a reference to — 

"A Petition of Thomas Sanford, Clerk of the Town of Mendon, com- 
plaining of sundry Irregularities Committed by Daniel Taft Esq., Modera- 
tor of their late meeting in March last and of others at the said meeting, as 
particularly set forth in said petition (Petition not found) by which means 
great Confusions are brought on the said Town Praying that this Court 
would please to interpose their Authority and direct to some proper method 
for Redress and Relief of the Inhabitants of said Town. 

In Council Read and Ordered That the Petitioners serve Mr. Daniel Taft, 
Moderator of the late Town Meeting at Mendon and Mr. Thomas White 
(chosen Town Clerk on the 11th of March) with copies of this Petition so 
that they may put in their answer thereto on Fryday the 11th. current. 

April 15. In the House of Representatives Read again the Petition of 
Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk of Mendon, with the answer of Daniel Taft 
Esq. and the same being fully considered, voted that the Proceedings of the 
Town of Mendon at their meetings on the third and eighteenth days of March 
last be and are hereby declared regular, legal and valid, and the Proceed- 
ings of the said Town on the fourth and eleventh days of March are declared 
null and void." 

The irregularity of Daniel Taft, Esq., in part, at least, was 
his adjournment of the town meeting to March 11th without a 
vote of the town. What the other irregularities were that 
created the "'great confusions'' in the absence of the petition, 
Ave fail to discover. 

May 17. Being a meeting for the choice of a Representative 
to the General Court, after four trials there was no choice, and 
the meeting adjourned. 



[1729. ANNALS OF MENDON. 211 

August 27. Being a town meeting legally warned, Daniel 
Taft was chosen Moderator. After the meeting was opened 
there was some debate, but about what, the record is silent, and 
then the meeting adjourned for half an hour. Being called to 
order, after some debate (about what, is still in the dark), the 
Moderator offered to the town in order for a vote, saying, "You 
that are of a mind not to act any thing on the warrant, Signifie 
it by holding up your hands," which vote passed in the affirma- 
tive by them that were present, and then said Moderator with- 
drew and carried away the warrant, and so the meeting ended. 

Dec. 3. The Selectmen agreed with William Rawson to keep 
school for three months, at the rate of forty-five pounds per 
annum. 

('APT. WILLIAM RAWSON. 

This William (afterwards ('apt. William) was the son of Wil- 
liam and Anne (Glover) Rawson. and the grandson of Edward, 
for a long time Colonial Secretary. He was born in Boston, in 
Bromfield street, then called Rawson' s lane, Dec. 2, 1682, and 
graduated at Harvard College in 1703. In 1689 he removed, 
with his father, from Boston to Dorchester, and, not along time 
afterwards, to Braintree. In 1710 he married Sarah Crosby, of 
Billerica and settled in Mendon. and there died in October, 1769. 
He was the eighth of a family of twenty children. He was a 
cousin of Rev. Grindal Rawson. who was born Sept. 6, 1707, 
graduated at Harvard College in 1728, and settled, for life, in the 
ministry at East Haddam, Connecticut, where he died March 27. 
1777, *. 70. William Rawson succeeded him as the fourth 
school-master of Mendon. 

He was chosen one of the Selectmen March 11, 1729, but the 
General Court declared all the doings of that meeting null and 
void. March 1, 1731, lie was chosen Town Clerk. 

The town granted £22. 15s to cover the expense of the recent 
appeal to the General Court about the March meetings, and £50 
to defray town charges over and above Mr. Dorr's salary. 

It will be remembered that the Trustees for the town's share 
of the bills of credit, issued by the Province, were under bonds 
for a proper management of the same. They were to loan tho 
money upon proper security and collect the interest. It seems 



-12 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1729. 

they had failed in their duty in this regard as the Town Treas- 
urer was directed to sue the Trustees, their heirs, executors and 
administrators for the interest due on the bills of credit. 

Dec. 10. It was voted to add ten pounds to Mr. Dorr's salary 
for the present year. It was also voted ''that they that have any 
sheep in their Custody that are not their own shall bring such 
sheep to the pound on the first Tuesday of December, annually, 
or give the marks of such sheep to Jacob Aldrich on that day. " 

The subject of a new meeting house was again brought up as 
will appear by the following votes. 

It was proposed to the town " wheither they would Build a new 
meeting House for the accommodation of the town in General 
Both for a place of Public worship and also for a place for the 
Town's public Conventions to Manage their Civil affairs,'' and it 
passed in the affirmative. 

' ' Voted to submit the fixing of a site for the new meeting house 
to a Committee of indifferent persons not residents of Mendon," 
and then adjourned to Monday, the 15th, current at 10 o'clock 

a: m. 

Dec. 15. At the town meeting this day Dea. John Tiler, 
Eleazer Taft, Samuel Torrey and Daniel Hill entered their pro- 
test against choosing a committee "for stating the jilace for the 
Meeting House.*' 

Notwithstanding the protest the town chose Mr. Ebenezer 
Stone, of Newton, Jonathan Ware, Esq., of Wrentham, Eben- 
ezer Ward, Esq., of Southborough, Capt. Edward Clark, of 
Medway, and Capt. Nathan Brigham, of Marlborough, a quo- 
rum of whom were to establish the site for the meeting house. 

Jacob Aldrich, Capt. Thomas Thayer, James Keith and Seth 
Chapin, jr., were chosen a Committee to notify the Committee 
above chosen and request them to attend, and also "to accom- 
panie them and Inform y m of the Circumstances of the Town 
Relating to the Business. " 

To make the matter more sure the town "voted they would 
Stand to and Abide the Judgment of the Committee, or the 
major part of them that should attend said service." 

The Committee were to meet " at the house of Thomas San- 
ford, on Wednesday, the 31st, current, in order to proceed to 
business, where they are to be entertained, at free cost to the 



1729.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 2l3 

Town, the First night, the second night at Dea. John Tiler's, the 
third night at Capt Thomas Thayer's on free cost as the first 
night.'* 

It seems various parties, in town, had incurred divers ex- 
penses about the matter of the meeting house and that the town 
had assumed the charges of those living at the south end of the 
town, but, for reasons not known had refused to asssume the ex- 
penses of those living at the north end of the town. 

The first Friends' Meeting House in Mendon was built tins 
year. 

By the kindness of friend Richard Battey, of Smithfield, E. 
I., I am enabled to give the following account of its erection 
and of its final removal. 

In a note dated 12th, 22d, 1878, he says the first record con- 
cerning the erection of this house, dated 10th of y e 7th mo 1729, 
is in the following words: "The Undertakers of Mendon Meet- 
ing House are desired to bring in an account to next Monthly 
Meeting of their proceedings therein.'' 

The second and last record, relating to its building, is in the 
following words: " The 4th of y e 12th. mo. 1729, Samuel Thayer 
having ballanced his account about Mendon Meeting House 
there is due him the sum of £9.12.7." 

From the completion of the house "A Meeting for Public 
Worship was held there, at the regular stated times, until 3d 
mo. 1841, when it was discontinued by Smithfield Monthly 
Meeting." 

This house was sold to Col. Israel Plummer, of Northbridge. 
in 1850, who took it down and with its timbers a depot was 
built on the line of the P. & W. railroad in Northbridge, at the 
granite quarry. 

The present Friends' Meeting House in Blackstone (then 
Mendon) was built in the summer of 1812 and was known as 
South Mendon Meeting House. 

The following '■'testimony,'' of Smithfield monthly meeting, 
concerning Moses AM rich of Mendon, is in the following words: 
" He was born in Mendon 4th mo. 1690; united himself with 
Friends about the 21st year of his age and four or five years af- 
terwards engaged in the service of the ministry, in which work 
he was well approved. 



214 ANNALS OF MENDON. 1730.] 

Iii 1722 he visited the Island of Barbadoes laboring in the 
work of the ministry. In 1730 lie visited most of the Colonies 
on this continent going as far south as the Carolinas. In 1734 he 
again visited Barbadoes. and in 1^39 crossed the Atlantic and 
spent the most of two years in Great Britain and Ireland, in the 
service of truth. 

He is spoken of as a man of cheerful mind, pleasant in con- 
versation, of exemplary life and endowed with a sound under- 
standing as a man. 

In his last sickness, noticing that his children were troubled 
at the apparent near approach of death, he said " mourn not for 
me, but mourn for yourselves: it is well with me and as well to 
depart now as to live longer." He retained his senses to the last 
and died the 9th of 9th mo. 1761, in the 71st year of his age. 
He was buried in Friends' Burying ground in Mendon. 

He was the son of Jacob and the grandson of George Aldrich, 
who came from England, and was one of the First settlers of 
Mendon. The late Waitee Davenport was one of his grand- 
daughters." 



1730. Feb. 15. Upon a report of a Committee previously 
chosen for that purpose, the town ''voted to Build the Meeting 
House fifty feet long, forty-five feet wide and twenty-four feet 
high and the house to be a studded house." 

Mr. Joseph Sumner, Mr. Benjamin Wheelock and Mr. Na- 
thaniel Bawson were chosen a Committee and ''Impowered to 
agree with workmen to Build sd House and to have y e over sight 
of y e work until sd House be raised." 

Voted also "to Raise by a Tax the sum of Two hundred 
Pounds, the one half to be paid into the Town Treasury on or 
before the last day of October next and the other half on or be- 
fore the last day of December following; and to be drawn out 
thence by the above sd Committee or their Successors in sd 
Trust to be Imploied and Improved for and towards the Building 
and setting up the fraim of sd House and to provide Meterials 
for Covering, Enclosing and finishing sd House so far as sd 
Money will extend." 

Upon the petition of certain inhabitants 011 the east side of 



1730. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 215 

Mill River, provided that the land, or any pari of the same, on 
the easterly side of said river, should be set off as a particular 
town within ten years, then the town voted "to Reinburst to 
the Petitioners so Much Money as shall be their part or propor- 
tion of money as shall be assessed on them for and toward 
Building the Present Meeting- House for the Town." 

At this meeting, at the request of John Tiler and others, it 
was put to vote whether the town should repair the old meeting 
house or the town be divided, and it passed in the negative; 
whereupon Samuel Torrey, Gapt. Seth Ohapin, Benjamin Green, 
Nathan Tiler. Daniel Taft, Esq., William Torrey, Eleazer Taft, 
Ebenezer Wood, Deacon John Joans, Samuel Moor. John Sad- 
ler, Deacon John Tiler, Robert Tiler. Thomas Beard, Jr., 
Thomas Tenney, John Perry, Abraham Jones, John Tiler, Jr., 
Joseph Tiler, Israel Taft, William Green, John Rawson, Thomas 
Beard, William Johnson. Ebenezer Wood, Jr., Moses Tenney, 
Samuel Wood and Samuel Nelson entered their protests against 
" Building a Meeting House on the Spot which the Committee 
had stated as the place and against any money to Build the 
same. " 

March y e 2, 1730. Being a legal towiT meeting for the choice 
of town officers, &c, at said meeting Mr. James Keith, by a 
majority of votes, was chosen Moderator, and, after some demur, 
chose Capt. Seth Ohapin, Jr., Moderator, and "after some fur- 
ther Demur the poeple went away and the meeting ceased.'' 

March 15. Voted not to send a Representative to the General 
Court this year, forty-three to thirty-nine. 

The Selectmen, it is presumed, presided at the choice of a 
Representative, as the Moderator was not chosen until after that 
question had been decided. 

Jacob Aldrich was now chosen Moderator, and, after the war- 
rant was amended, the following motions were submitted, and. 
seriatim, severally defeated: to build a new meeting house within 
twenty rods of the old one; to build two meeting houses; to 
repair the old one. and to divide the town. 

March 1G. Jacob Aldrich, Deacon John Jones, Joseph Sum- 
ner, Lieut. Daniels and David How were chosen Selectmen: 
Capt. William Rawson, Town Clerk; Daniel Lovet, Town 
Treasurer, and John Sadler and John Legg, Constables. 



216 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1730. 

April 6. Voted, that five feet be taken from forty-five feet 
in the width of the new meeting house, and two feet from the 
twenty-four feet in the height, when the meeting was adjourned 
for the space of half an hour. After being called to order, it 
was put to vote "wheather the Town would Alter the Scituation 
of the New Meeting House layd out by the Committee, and it 
passed in the Negative." 

Mr. Grindal Rawson was again chosen to keep school for one 
year. 

Notices for town meetings were directed to be set up, ten 
days before the meeting, at Philip Chase's, at Capt. Rawson's 
house, at David How's, and at Samuel Thompson's mill. 

The town, it seems, was not satisfied with the failure to elect 
a Representative in March, as, July 3, they chose Thomas San- 
ford and Daniel Taft, Esq., " to Prefer a Petition to the House 
in order to obtain a Precept." 

The subject of a new county again began to be agitated about 
this time, and, Aug. 27th, the town voted "to prefer a Petition 
to the Honorable General Court to grant a new County at the 
west end of our County, (Suffolk) and, if not granted, not to 
carry us out of our County." 

Daniel Taft, Esq., and Lieut. Daniel Lovet were sent to treat 
with those gentlemen whe were appointed to meet at Mr. Le- 
land's, in Hasanamisco, concerning a new county. 

Sept. 8. At a town meeting the question of a new meeting 
house was again brought up for consideration. Motions were 
made to build a new meeting house within twenty rods of the 
old one; to make void all votes passed contrary to the first vote 
concerning a new meeting house, and to divide the town, all of 
which were again defeated. 

Sept. 17. Lieut. Daniel Lovet, Nathan Tyler and Capt. 
Thomas Thayer were chosen a committee to treat with the Ux- 
bridge committee concerning the ministry and school laws, and 
report to them. 

Oct 20. The new meeting house being still the subject for 
consideration, and Jacob Aldrich having been chosen Moderator, 
the town meeting Avas adjourned for half an hour, then to meet 
at the old meeting house. 

Tbe following motions, in succession, were then made and 



1730.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 217 

severally failed of an affirmative vote, viz: To set the new meet- 
ing house by the heap of stones made by the committee chosen 
by the town; to set it up within six or eight rods of the same 
place; to build two meeting houses and give the minister liberty 
to preach in which he will, and to set off a part of the north end 
of the town to join with Hopkinton. 

It was then voted to set the new meeting house at the westerly 
end of the burying place, where the timber lies. 

Deacon John Tiler, Capt. Seth Ghapin, Ebenezer Wood, Na- 
than Tiler, John Green, Benjamin Green, John Saddler, Deacon 
Samuel Moor, Joseph Tiler, Jabez Bellows, Thomas Beard, Jr., 
William Torrey and William Johnson, protested against build- 
ing a meeting house any nearer the burying place than within 
twenty rods of the old meeting house, and against allowing any- 
thing more or less for raising the same, except it be within 
twenty rods of the old meeting house. 

Notwithstanding this protest the town '"voted that money be 
raised by a Rate to defray the Charge's of raising the meeting 
house as to the provision part.'' No instructions were given as 
to the quantity or quality of the provisions to be furnished, ex- 
cept what may be learned by the following vote: — 

Voted, that "the Town provide a barrel of Rhuni towards 
the Raising the New Meeting House."' 

Capt. Thomas Thayer, Lieut James Lovett and David How 
were then chosen a committee "to take care of the Victuals and 
Drink & other materials Necessary for Raising the New Meeting 
House." 

In the mean time the General Court had been appealed to by 
the opponents to the new meeting house, as by the following 
record will appear: 

Dec. 1. Deacon Thomas Sanford, Lieut. Daniel Lovet and 
Nathaniel Rawson were chosen a committee " to answer Samuel 
Moor's petition, in defence of the Town." 

Court Record, Vol. XIV., p. 441. 

Oct. 28. 1730, A Petition of Samuel Moor and fifty others, Inhabitants 
of Mendon, Shewing that there are great divisions among them as to the 
Place for setting up their Meeting House; that a disaffected party have 
prevailed so far as to obtain a vote for setting it in a very inconvenient 
place, Therefore praying that this Court would appoint a Committee to re- 
28 



218 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1730. 

pair to Mendon and state the place they may think most convenient for 
erecting their Meeting House. 

In Council, Read and Ordered that the Petitioners serve the Town of 
Mendon with a Copy of this Petition, that so they may give their answer 
thereto on the first Thursday of the next Session, and that they desist 
from raising the Meeting House in the mean time. 

In the House of Representatives Read & Concurred. 

Consented to J. Belcher. 

Notwithstanding this injunction of the General Court, " the 
disaffected party" (being a majority of the voters) stood upon 
their dignity, (another name for squatter sovereignty, we sup- 
pose,) to say nothing of the regard they might have for the 
"victuals and drink" to be provided for the occasion, forth- 
with raised the meeting house, whereupon Deacon Moore and 
others again appealed to the General Court, as may be seen in 
the Court Records, Vol. XIV p. US. 

Dec. 17, 1730 A Memorial of Samuel Moore and divers Inhabitants of 
Mendon complaining of the great Neglect & Contempt cast on the 
Order of the Court (passed on the 28th. day of October last.) for staying 
the proceedings of the said Town in building their Meeting House, by the 
Selectmen and others there, who have prdceeded, notwithstanding said 
Order, to raise the said Meeting House.' 

In Council. Read and Ordered that the Selectmen of Mendon attend 
this Court on Wednesday the twenty third instant at ten of the clock in the 
Fore noon there to answer the Contempt (alleged therein to be) by them 
cast on the Order of this Court within referred to, and the memorialists 
notify them of this Order accordingly. 

In the House of Representatives, Read & Con. 

Court, Vol. XIV., p. 452. 

Dec. 23. This Day being appointed for the Hearing of the Selectmen of 
Mendon to answer the Complaint of Samuel Moore and others for their 
Casting Contempt on an Order of this Court referring to the Meeting 
House there, and only three of the five attended, the other two neglecting to 
appear. 

The following vote was passed in the affair, viz: — 

In Council, Whereas David How and Joseph Sumner two of the Select- 
men of the Town of Mendon have not attended this Court according to 
Order to answer a Complaint of Samuel Moore; Ordered that the said David 
How and Joseph Sumner, with Jacob Aldrich and Eleazer Daniels (two 
other Selectmen of the same Town,) attend this Court without fail on 
Wednesday the thirtieth Instant at ten of the clock in the Fore Noon then 



1731. | ANNALS OF MEN DON. 219 

to answer to the Complaint of the said Moore for Showing Contempt to the 
Order of this Court. 

In the H. of R. Read and Con. 

Consented to, J. BELCHER. 

Court. Vol. XIV.. p. 4.-)!). 

Dec. 31, 1730. The Selectmen of Mendon having attended yesterday to 
answer the Complaint of Samuel Moore, the following vote was passed, on 
the said affair, at the Board and sent down to the House, viz: — 

In Council, whereas upon a hearing had upon a complaint of Samuel 
Moore of Mendon, It appears that said Selectmen have heen guilty of a 
Great Contempt of the Authority of this Court, Except Mr. Jones who 
fully acquitted himself thereof, 

Voted that his Excellency, the Governor, he desired to Reprimand the 
said Selectmen for their said offence & that the said Selectmen pay the 
charge of this Complaint to Mr. Moore, the Complainant, and thereupon 
he discharged from their attendance. 



1731. About this time warrants for town meetings began 
to be recorded, and they were issued " in his Majesty's name." 

Jan 25. Seth Chapin Jim., was chosen a Deputy for the Gen- 
eral Court to be held at Boston on the 10th day of February 
next. 

Daniel Taft was then chosen Moderator. 

Then voted that the town would not go on and finish the 
Meeting House; and when the vote was "scrupled" the house 
was divided, and the vote was still found to be in the negative. 

After voting out the other articles, the Moderator dissolved 
the meeting. 

March 1. Daniel Taft was chosen Moderator. 

For Selectmen, Thomas Taft, Lieut. Daniel Lovet, Ensign 
Seth Chapin and Capt. Thomas Thayer; Town Clerk, Capt. Wil- 
liam Rawson; Town Treasurer, Capt. Seth Chapin, and for Con- 
stables, Thomas Thayer, Jr., and Samuel Warfield. 

A motion was made to set off a part of the town known by the 
name of Mill River, and the motion was lost. 

Although Mendon had once agreed to the creation of a new 
County, when it was found that a new county was to be created, 
they voted to petition the General Court that the town might 
continue to lie a portion of the County of Suffolk; but as no 
further steps were taken in the premises, it is presumed the 
question was not further controverted. 



220 ANNALS OF MENDON. |~1731. 

THE COUNTY OF ^WORCESTER. 

In the Massachusetts Archives, Colonial, Vol. VI. pp. 10 to 
21, may be found the following record: 

Auno Reguii Regis Georgii 2do Quarto. 
The following Towns made the County of Worcester Feb. 18 1730 (o. s.) 

J. Quincy, Speaker H. of R. 
J. Willard, Secy. Council. 
Worcester, Lancaster, Westborough, Shrewsbury, SouthboroUgh, Leices- 
ter, Rutland, and Lunenburg, all in the County of Middlesex; Meudon, 
Woodstock, Oxford, Sutton, including Hassanamisco, all in the County of 
Suffolk; Brookfield in the County of Hampshire, and the South Town laid 
to the Narragansett Soldiers, with all other lands lying within said Town- 
ships with the Inhabitants thereon, shall, from the 10th. day of July 1731 
be the County of Worcester, with the Town of Worcester for the shire 
town. 

May 18. Oapt. Thomas Thayer was chosen Representative to 
the General Court. 

Daniel Lovett^was then chosen Moderator, when a motion was, 
made to choose a committee and "Impower them to Agree with 
ITxbridge Committee and to conclude what Uxbridge shall have 
for their part of the School Money and it passed in the Nega- 
tive." 

The location of the new meeting house, although raised, was 
not yet satisfactorily settled, as a motion was made to apply for 
a committee of the General Court to state a place for the new 
meeting house, and said motion was lost. 

A motion was then made to raise money to finish the new 
meeting house where it now stands, and the motion was "Tryed 
by Hand Votes but not determined by reason Several of the 
House Scrupled y e vote, which was further Tryed by Dividing 
the House and it passed in y e Affirmative for Raising Money to 
finish sd House." 

June 21. Voted to allow Uxbridge two hundred pounds out 
of the money the school land sold for, with the interest of one 
hundred and fifty pounds already in their hands, in full, for 
their right in said land, to be improved by them for the use of 
their school, as it has been heretofore in Mendon. 

The meeting house, in face of the injunction of the General 
Court, was raised some time in November, 1730, but as yet 



1732.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 221 

nothing had been done towards finishing it. The opposition was 
not yet appeased, as we find. 

Aug. 30. After scrupling the vote and dividing the House, 
it was voted to finish the house, and Lieut. Eleazer Daniels, 
Lieut. Daniel Lovett and Benjamin Darling were chosen a com- 
mittee for that purpose. 

As" a last resort, other methods than dividing the House had 
been resorted to by some of the disaffected, as will appear by the 
following vote: 

Voted whether the town would choose a committee "to See if 
they could find out who hath, by cutting, damnified the Meeting 
House, and it passed in the Negative." This last vote shows 
that the friends of ti. e new meeting house were willing to "bury 
the hatchet;" and, it is believed, that it had the effect that acts 
of kindness usually have, as we hear of no more opposition to 
the completion of the meeting house. The damnification was 
made by an abortive attempt t.o cut off the southwest corner post, 
as was verified when the structure was taken down in 1846. 

Sept. 13. The affair of the meeting house having come to a 
conclusion, the town, at this meeting, began to audit and allow 
accounts and bills that had been held in abeyance by the recent 
troubles. Oapt. Thomas Thayer, Lieut. Daniel Lovet and Na- 
than Tiler were allowed three shillings each for treating with 
the Uxbridge Committee about the school lands; six others had 
eighteen pence each for laying out highways; Gapt. Thomas 
Thayer, Oapt. William Eawson and Ensign Seth Chapin had 
half a crown each for agreeing with the Trustees concerning the 
loan money; Daniel Taft, Esq., and Lieut. Daniel Lovett had 
four shillings each for meeting some gentlemen at Hassanamisco 
about the new County, and thirty pounds were added for school 
purposes. 

After refusing to add to Mr. Dorr's salary for the present 
year, and foregoing a few taxes, among which was one against 
"y e owners of the Saw Mill in Mendon adjoining to Providence 
Line," the transactions of the year were brought to a close. 



1732. March (!. Chose for Selectmen, Jacob Aldrich. Wil- 
liam Torrey. Daniel Brown, Benjamin Wheelock and Ensign 



222 ANNALS OF MENDON. | 1732. 

Seth Chapin; Town Clerk, William Rawson; Town Treasurer, 
Daniel Taft, Esq., and for Constables, Benjamin Green and 
William Hayward. 

Mar. 7. Adjournment from yesterday. Voted against setting- 
off about thirteen families with parts of other towns to be a new 
town. Where the thirteen families were located does not appear. 

Voted not to allow the present Town Clerk to put a former 
vote on record presented by Mr. Thomas White. What subject 
was embraced in the vote does not appear. Collectors of taxes, 
in the olden time, were sometimes slow in their collection, as well 
as the collectors of later days, and hence the former Treasurers 
were directed to sne the former Constables (collectors) who were 
delinquent in completing their collections. 

It will be remembered that the principal roads were originally 
laid out ten rods wide, so, it is inferred, that an ox cart could 
be driven in the road without hindrance from rocks and trees. 
But as times progressed, and the roads were improved, it was 
found that their width might be abated; and hence, about this 
time, the town began to sell off portions of the road to the abut- 
ters. A strip thirty-five rods long was at this time sold to 
Eleazer Taft. 

May 15. Capt. Thomas Thayer was chosen Representative. . 

Daniel Taft, Esq., Lieut. Daniel Lovett and Nathan Tyler were 
chosen a committee "to finish that affair with Uxbridge about 
the school money according to the former vote." 

One hundred pounds were raised to repair highways and 
bridges. 

For work on the highways the town voted to allow eight shil- 
lings per diem to a man with a team of three cattle, from May 
15th to the last of September, and to a single man four shillings 
per diem, within the time mentioned, and to begin at 8 o'clock 
in the morning. From October 1 to March 1 six shillings for a 
man and team and three for a single man. 

Voted to choose " School Dames (for the first time) to keep 
School in the Out Skirts of the Town," and thirty pounds was 
raised for that purpose. 

Voted that for every ram running at large, contrary to a town 
vote, the owner should pay five shillings, "or not have him" 
and six pence a week for keeping him. 



1732. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 223 

May 16. Joseph Haven and and Paul Langdori, Selectmen of 
llopkinton, and Seth Chapin, Jr., and John Jones, Selectmen 
of Mendon, perambulated the line between the the two towns, 
beginning at a heap of stones near Deer Brook, at Mendon old 
town line, and so home to Uxbridge line. 

At this time Samuel Thompson owned a grist mill on the 
island in the Blaekstone River at what is now Millville, but there 
was no bridge from the east bank of the river to the island. 
Now, if the town would build a bridge on the east side, Samuel 
Thompson bound himself, his heirs and assigns forever, or so 
long as the town shall see cause, to finish and maintain a bridge 
from the island to the west bank of the river. Pursuant to this 
agreement, the town, Feb. 7, 1732, laid a road from the east 
bank of the river to the island, and thence to the common land 
on the west side of the river. On the east side the road was to 
be three rods wide, and on the west two rods. 

June 1. The committee chosen to make a settlement with 
Uxbridge had a conference this day with the committee of Ux- 
bridge, and which resulted in the following receipt in full. 

Mendon June 1st. We the Subscribers being a Committee chosen by the 
Town of Uxbridge on April 4. 1732 to Receive our part of the School 
Money granted us by y e town of Mendon June 21. 1731, Mett with Mendon 
Committee and Received said Money According to the true Intent of said 
Grant Which we have Received as our part in full of the school lands in 
Mendon and Uxbridge. 

As witness our hands, John Farnum ) r , .. 

Ebenezer Read \ ^ om lee - 

July 3. The town voted to pull down the old meeting house, 
and chose Daniel Taft, Esq., and Mr. Nathan Tyler to be added 
to the former committee (Eleazer Daniels, Daniel Lovet and 
Benjamin Darling) to see the new meeting house finished. 

Voted that the above committee — 

" Deliver to the Workmen to do the work for the Finishing the New 
Meeting House, Such part of the Old Meeting House as may or Shall be 
necessary for the Finishing the New Meeting House, and the remainder of 
the Old Meeting House the said Committee to Sell and Dispose of at the 
best advantage they can & the money arising by said Sale or Sales to be 
returned and paid in to the Town Treasurer for y e use and benefit of the 
Town." 

Notifications for town meetings were to be set up ten days be- 



224 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1732. 

fo^'e the meeting at William Rawson's house, at Thomas Baker's, 
at William Sheffield's and at Samuel Thompson's mill for this 
present year. 

" Mendon August 25th. Anno Domini 1732. 

A list of the Quakers Names that are freed by Law from paying any 
Rates Towards the Support of our Minister or the Building of any Meeting 
House. 

Moses Aldrichj* Benjamin Boyce, 

Samuel Thayer, Ebenezer Cook, 

John Cass, Eliphalet Whartield, 

Benjamin Thayer, John White, 

Daniel Boyce, Stephen Swett. 

Certified by 

Jacob Aldrich, "| 
Benj a Wheelock, I Selectmen 
William Torrey, y of 
Seth Chapin, Jr., | Mendon. 
Daniel Brown. J 

Sept. 6. The following accounts were audited and allowed in 
open town meeting: 

William Rawson (T. C.) entering highways £00 05 00 

David Brown, irons for the Town Stocks 00 04 06 

Jacob Aldrich 7 days perambulating & laying out roads 01 08 00 

Seth Chapin 6 " " " 01 04 00 

John Jones perambulating a day 00 04 00 

Jonathan Hayward do. " 00 04 00 

William Torrey do. " 00 05 00 

Daniel Brown, do. " 00 04 00 

Daniel Lovett, 8 days, journey to Boston, perambulating c%c 02 12 00 

Nathan Tyler, treating with Uxbridge about School money 00 04 00 

Benjamin Wheelock, taking care of powder &c 00 04 00 

Daniel Taft Esq. for three days service r ! 00 10 06 

Philip Lesure, for mending School House 00 10 00 

Hannah Rawson, for service by her husband, deceased 00 08 00 

Thomas White measuring land 00 03 00 

Nathan Penniman, himself and horse 11 days 01 10 00 

Daniel Lovett, service as Town Treasurer, 2 yrs 03 10 00 

To defray Town charges 20 10 00 

Towards y e finishing of our New Meeting House 150 00 00 

Addition to Mr. Dorr's salary this year 25 00 00 

Oct. 3. Voted not to provide a Minister to preach with us 
while Mr. Dorr remains sick. James Wood and Ebenezer Wood, 
Jr., had liberty to build a dam over Rock Meadow Brook, which 

*See p. 213. 



1733.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 225 

dam is now (1880) improved by Perry Wood for irrigating por- 
tions of his land. 

Oct. 27. Voted not to hire a minister, at the town's charge, 
or to have Mr. Terry* preach upon a free contribution, but to 
hire a minister, out of town, by a free contribution. 



1733. -bin. 29. Oapt. Thomas Thayer, Deacon Thomas 
Saiiford and Mr. Thomas White were chosen a committee to 
look after the school money and make" report to the town. 

The Committee on the New Meeting House were instructed to 
report at the next town meeting "how the money voted for that 
purpose had been expended." 

March 6. Selectmen chosen were Deacon Ebenezer Thomp- 
son, John Albee, Nathan Tyler, Ensign Seth Chapin and Robert 
Taft; William Rawson, Town Clerk; Ebenezer Staples, Town 
Treasurer, and William Torrey and John Sanford, Constables. 

The Committee on Sale of School Lands reported that the sum 
amounted to £380. 

The Committee on the Meeting House were instructed "to 
finish as soon as possibly they can; to ceil it with boards to the 
lower girt, below and from the upper girt to the bottom of the 
windows above." 

Voted to repair the roads by a rate, and for this purpose 
raised £100. Voted that those who did not work out their high- 
way rates last year might work them out this year at y e bridge 
by Samuel Thompson's Mill (Millville) or pay in money. 

Heretofore the money accruing from the sale of the school 
lands had been in the hands of a committee, but, for some rea- 
sons, it was now placed in the custody of the Treasurer, and he 
was authorized to sue for the same, if necessary, at the cost of 
the town. 

It was proposed, at this time, to set off ''part of the North 
End poeple to join with part of Sutton and part of Hopkinton," 
providing y e General Court consent, but the consent of the town 
was not procured. 

July IT. The school was to be kept the three summer and the 



* School master, 1733. 
27 



226 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1734. 

three winter months at the school house, and the other six 
months where the Selectmen should direct. 

" Sept. y e 1st, The Selectmen met and agreed with Mr. Samuel Terry to 
keep a Grammar school in said town for four months next coming after 
the ninth current and for his Reward to give him Twenty pounds. 
As witness our hands 

Seth Chapin, Jr., ) Selectmen 
Ebenezer Thompson, j- of 

Nathan Tyler. ) Mendon. 

Consented: Samuel Terry. 

Aug. 21. Voted to petition the General Court to lay them to a 
new county, petitioned for by Dedham, Medfield and other towns 
adjacent, if the General Court shall erect a county there. This 
was the beginning of the agitation for a new county which, in 
1738, resulted in the creation of the county of Norfolk. 

Sept. 11. Dr. John Corbet, of Bellingham, was allowed 16s. 
for services to James Thompson during his sickness; John Hay- 
ward 10s. for keeping James Thompson eleven days, during his 
sickness, and Daniel Brown 2s. G, for conveying James Thomp- 
son out of town. So far as the records show these were the first 
bills paid on account of paupers. 

The Rev. Mr. Dorr had twenty-five pounds added to his salary 
this year. 



1734. For some reason, not stated, it was agreed by both 
parties that Samuel Terry, at the end of three months, "do not 
keep school and that he sink five pounds of what y e agreement 
was." This transaction was dated Feb. 13, 1734, and signed by 
both parties. 

March 4. Chose for Selectmen, Ebenezer Thompson, Jacob 
Aldrich, Nathan Tyler, Daniel Brown and William Torrey; 
Town Clerk, William Rawson; Town Treasurer, Ebenezer Sta- 
ples, and for Constables, Nathaniel Morse and Joseph Pen- 
niman. 

May 21. Daniel Lovett was chosen Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court. 

By the following vote we learn that measures were being inau- 
gurated for the incorporation of Upton. 



1735.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 227 

Daniel Taft, Esq., Oapt. Eleazer Daniels, Mr. Jacob Aldrich, 
Ensign Nathan Tyler and Mr. Daniel Brown were chosen a com- 
mittee, one of which was to assist the Eepresentative in the 
General Court in the matter of John Hazeltine's petition for a 
new town, afterwards Upton. 

Aug. 27. It was voted that £25 be added to Mr. Dorr's salary 
this year; also, that Mr. Daniel Brown be allowed £3. 14s. for a 
journey to and services at Boston to answer to John Hazeltine's 
petition for a new town. 

Voted, that the town would not build pews in the new meet- 
ing house, or allow individuals to do so. 

Oct. 7. Jonathan Hayward and Benjamin Green were chosen 
and impowered "to take care of the youth of this Town & to 
make complaint of any disorders, if any there be, on the Sabbath, 
till next March." 



1735. Jan. 20. Lieut. Seth Chapin was chosen to attend 
the Inferior Court at Worcester on the 4th day of February 
next, to make answer to the petition of John Harwood, of Ux- 
bridge. The petition set forth that Mendon was held liable to 
contribute towards the building and repairing of bridges in Ux- 
bridge. From the fact that nothing further is heard of Har- 
wood's petition, it may be reasonably inferred that its allegations 
could not be established. 

Feb. 11. William Sheffield's request that he might be allowed 
to draw off his mill pond for five months in the year was denied. 

March 3thd. Chose for Selectmen, Capt. Daniel Lovett, 
Capt. Eleazer Daniels, Lieut. Seth Chapin, Mr. Nathan Penni- 
man and Capt. Eobert Taft; Town Clerk, Thomas Sanford; 
Town Treasurer, Daniel Taft, Esq., and James Wood for y e 
north end of y e town and Benoni Benson for y° south end of 
y e town for Constables. 

It seems the General Court, upon the petition of John Hazel- 
tine, had chosen a committee to consider the matter and perhaps 
to visit the town, as we find that at this time (March 3,) the town 
chose Jacob Aldrich, Seth Chapin and Daniel Brown a com- 
mittee to meet the General Court's committee, and "to give in 
their reasons why John Hazeltine's petition should not be 
granted." 



228 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1735. 

May 25. Capt. Daniel Lovett was chosen Representative to 
the General Court, and Mr. John Field, the present schoolmas- 
ter, was continued for three months. 

Lieut. Seth Chapin, Samuel Thayer and Benjamin Wheelock 
were chosen a committee — 

' ' To Treat with William Sheffield with Respect to his Breaking up the 
Damm Enclosing the Town's Mill Pond and thereby Rendering the said 
Sheffield's Corn Mill unserviceable to Grind Corn for the Town's use ; and 
for Instructions to said Committee the Town then voted that the said Com- 
mittee as soon as they can Repair to the said Sheffield and Treat with him 
Relating to the premises and Advertise the said Sheffield to make a repair 
of the Breaches he hath made in said Damm & that he Do the Best he can 
to git his said Mill into a posture fit to Grind Corn for the Town's use, accord- 
ing to the ancient agreement made by & with the Town Relating to y e said 
Mill and Milpoud; and also to advertize y e sd Sheffield that, at y e next Town 
meeting he appear and make his peace with the Town for the Damage he 
hath Done in the premises, and, if said Sheffield refuse to hear y e said Com- 
mittee, then y e said Committee forthwith make Report thereof to the Se- 
lectmen." 

UPTON INCORPORATED. 

The opposition to Hazeltine's petition proved of no avail, for, 
June 14, 1735, the General Court, " setting forth that the out- 
lands of the several towns of Mendon, Uxbridge, Sutton and 
Hopkinton are completely filled with Inhabitants, and by reason 
of their remoteness from the places of public worship in said 
town, thereupon incorporated a new town by the name of Up- 
ton." By the act the whole of Nathan Tyler's farm was, 
although included within the bounds of Upton, -to be and re- 
main forever in the town of Mendon, as heretofore. The people 
of the new town were to build a place of public worship, and 
settle a learned orthodox minister within three years, and 
provide for his comfortable and honorable support. 

Aug. 25. At this time there was but one school house in 
town, as it was this day voted that the school be removed some 
part of the time into some remote parts of the town. 

A new committee was chosen to finish the meeting house; 
twenty-five pounds were added to Mr. Dorr's salary, and forty 
pounds were raised to pay town debts and the schoolmaster. 

Oct. 3. Deacon Thomas Sanford, Capt. Daniel Lovet and 
Lieut. Seth Chapin were chosen a committee "to joyn with the 



1735.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 229 



Reverend Mr. Joseph Dorr, to lease out. the Ministry Land," 
and the following Quakers were exempted from ministerial 
charges, viz: Samuel Thayer, Moses Aldrich, John Cass, Benja- 
min Boyee, Ebenezer Cook and David Boyce. 

The success which had attended the petition of John Hazel- 
tine in procuring the incorporation of Upton, it is supposed, 
encouraged the inhabitants living on the easterly side of Mill 
River to apply to the General Court for another new town, as 
may be learned from the following record from the 

Mass. Records, Court, Vol. XVI., p. 216. 

Nov. 28. 1735. A Petition of Samuel Wheelock & a Great Number of 
the Inhabitants of Mention living on the East side of Mill Eiver, Setting 
forth the difficulty's these are under in attending the Public Worship of 
God at the Meeting House in said Town, by reason of the distance and the 
badness of the roads, and forasmuch as the said Town of Mendon is large. 
Therefore Praying that all the lands in Mendon on the East side of Mill 
River to the Country Road by Sheffield's Mill, and lying between the towns 
of Hopkinton, Bellingham, Holliston and Mendon may be set off and erect- 
ed into a separate Township. 

In the H. of R. Read and Ordered that the Petitioners Serve the Town 
of Mendon with a copy of the Petition that they Shew Cause on Thursday 
the 18th. day of December next, if the Court be sitting, if not, on the first- 
Thursday of the next sitting of the Court, why the Prayer thereof should 
not be granted. 

In Council Read & Concurred 

Consented to, J. Belcher. 

The notice being served upon the town by the petitioners, 
Dec. 10. The town chose Thomas Sanford, Jacob Aldrich. 
Eleazer Taft, Jonathan Hay ward, Jr., and James Keith "a Com- 
mittee who were to depute two of their number to. go to Boston 
and joyn with Capt. Daniel Lovett, the Town's Representative, 
to make answer to the Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants on 
the East side of Mill River with Reference to their being set off 
as a Town." 

The parties were heard at the appointed time, and with what 
result the following doings of the General Court will show: 

Dec. 20. 1735. 

On the Petition of Samuel Wheelock and other Inhabi- 
tants of the East part of Mendon praying as above, Nov. 28th ult. 

In Council. Read again together with the answer of the Town of Men- 
don, the Petition of Obadiah Wheelock and fourteen other Inhabitants on 



230 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1736. 

the East side of Mill River and within the bounds mentioned for to be a 
Township, praying this Petition may be granted; and the parties being 
heard at the Board and the matter fully considered, the question being put 
whether the prayer of the Petition should be granted, and it passed in the 
Negative, and therefore ordered that the Petition be dismissed. 
In the H. of R. R. & C. 

Consented to J. Belcher. 



1736. March 1. Chose Capt. Daniel Lovett, Lieut, Seth 
Chapin, William Torrey, Lieut. Thomas Thayer and Capt, 
Robert Taft, Selectmen; Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk; Town 
Treasurer, Daniel Taft, Esq. ; John Joans and William Thayer, 
Constables. Jacob Aldrich was chosen Surveyor of Hemp. 

March 8. John Field was continued as schoolmaster for this 
year, and to keep six months in the town and six months in the 
outskirts of the town. 

The meeting house was not yet completed, as the town voted 
to raise £100 to pay John Lyon, "when he hath finished the 
Meeting House." 

For the accommodation of persons living at a distance, liberty 
was granted that stables might be built near the meeting house, 

Oct o 

at the direction of the Selectmen. 

At the same time it was voted to enclose the burying place 
with a stone wall, and also to oppose the petition of fifteen of 
the inhabitants on the east side of Mill River to be set off as a 
separate town. 

May 17. Chose Capt, Thomas Thayer Representative to the 
General Court, 

At this meeting the petition of Thomas Tenney and fifteen 
others to have that part of the town east of Mill River set off as 
a Precinct, was denied. 

At the same time a motion was made to choose a committee 
to join with a committee of Uxbridge to confer about the min- 
istry land, and it passed in the negative, "nemine contra 
dicente." 

Mr. John Field, the schoolmaster for the present year, was to 
have £45 for his services. 

Among other appropriations were the following, viz: — 



1737. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 231 

For paying John Fish for hinges for the table £00 05 00 

do do William Torrey, mending the Pound 00 06 00 

do do Daniel Darling for 1500 feet of plank for the 

bridge over the Great River, (sawing the plank, ) 2 12 00 
do do the Committee which made answer to the petition 

of Samuel More & others, in Dee. 1730 8 00 00 

do do Mr. Dorr's salary, additional 25 00 00 

do do Town debts and contingent charges 50 00 00 

do do do do additional 20 00 00 

do do The Committee which made answer to the petition 

of Samuel Morse & others for a division of the 

Town 10 00 00 

Oct. 25. Voted not to build pews in the meeting house, nor 
ttllow " particular persons to do so." 

It was then voted to sell the Pew Room in the meeting house, 
and chose Benjamin Wheelock, Eleazer Taft, William Torrey, 
Benjamin Darling and Robert Taft a committee to appraise the 
rooms. " The Elderly men that Bear the most considerable 
Charge in Town to have the first offer to buy the same, and if 
the Elderly men refuse to Bye, then such persons as the Com- 
mittee Shall judge proper and will pay for the same. The Com- 
mittee to guarantee the sale and the money to be paid into the 
town treasury." 

Nov. 26. Capt. William Eawson was hired to keep a gram- 
mar school for three months. This Capt. William Eawson was 
the son of William Eawson, and graduated at Harvard College 
in 1703. His father, William, was a Presbyterian minister, and 
was settled in England; his son, Capt. William, was a lawyer, 
and settled in Mendon, being the first one of that profession 
who settled in the town. 



1737. March 7. Chose Benjamin Wheelock, William Tor- 
rey, Eleazer Taft, Robert Taft and Benjamin Darling Select- 
men; William Eawson, Town Clerk; Daniel Taft, Es<p, Town 
Treasurer, and Nathaniel Nelson and John French, Constables. 

April 25. The Selectmen agreed with William Eawson to 
keep a grammar school for ten months at the rate of £50 per 
annum. 

" Voted, that those poeple of y e town who send their children 
to school shall also send wood." 



232 ANNALS OF MEN DON. [1738. 

Whether the town had heretofore provided a Sheepherd to 
watch the sheep on the common land is not known for a cer- 
tainty, but inasmuch as this year they voted not to choose one, 
it is presumed such had been the case heretofore. 

May 18. Chose Capt. Thomas Thayer Representative. 

At this meeting Mr. Dorr was allowed £25, old tenor, as an 
addition to his salary. 

Raised £60 to pay the schoolmaster and town debts, and also 
£40 to let the fish up Pawtucket Falls, provided other towns will 
pay in proportion, and Capt. Nathan Tyler was chosen a com- 
mittee to attend to that matter. 

Dec. 6. The Selectmen laid out a road from the Falls (Woon- 
socket) to Bellingham, as prayed for by William Arnold, Esq. ; 
"provided Ebenezer Cook, through whose land the road was 
mostly laid, would bind himself to pay back the £40, which was 
allowed him for damages, within a year after said farm shall 
fall into Rhode Island Colony, if it ever should be so." 

This year, for the first time, we find roads laid out by any 
other authority than that of the town. This year the Court of 
General Sessions of the county of Worcester appointed a com- 
mittee to' view Ebenezer Cook's farm, in order to lay out a road 
across the same. The town chose Daniel Lovett, David Al- 
drich and Samuel Thayer to meet the Court's committee, and 
give in the reasons why the town is not willing to have a road 
laid out across said farm at the town's cost. This is the road 
that leads from Woonsocket to Bellingham by the Social factory. 
The location of this road was returned to the Court of General 
Sessions, at Worcester, and may be found in the Mendon Re- 
cords, Vol. 2, p. 71. Whether Ebenezer Cook ever refunded 
the £40 allowed for damages, after the annexation of Woon- 
socket to Rhode Island, is a matter of doubt. 



1738. March 6. Lieut. Seth Chapin, Ensign Nathan Tyler, 
Deacon Jacob Aldrich, John Legg and Lt. Thomas Thayer were 
chosen Selectmen; Thomas Sanford, Town Clerk; Daniel Taft, 
Esq., Town Treasurer, and Benjamin Albee, Jr., and Samuel 
Thayer, Constables. During all these years the minor offices of 



1739.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 233 

Surveyors of Highways, Tithing Men. Fence Viewers, Hog 
Reaves, &c, were always filled. 

March 13. The road was laid over Dam Swamp, and James 
Muzzey and Joseph Verrey were allowed to put up gates where 
the road passes through their lands, for one year, *' so that, in 
the mean time, they may have opportunity to measure how far 
said way runs through their land." 

Josiah Marshall, A. M., was hired to keep school for six 
months "according to the direction of the Province Laws," for 
£30 old tenor, in bills of credit of the Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay. 

May 22. Benjamin Wheelock was chosen a Representative to 
the General Court, and refused to serve. Mr. Ehenezer Merriam 
Avas then chosen, and there is no record that he refused to serve. 

Thomas Sanford, Daniel Lovett and Seth Chapin were chosen 
a committee to settle the bounds of the Ministry home lot, and 
contest the same in law with the abutters, if they refuse to join, 
so that the bounds may be established and be put upon record. 

Aug. 28. Nathan Tyler was chosen Grand Juryman and 
Thomas Thayer and John Legge for the Jury of Tryals, and the 
Town Treasurer's salary for the year was fixed at £1 10s. 

Sept. 11. Allowed Rev. Mr. Joseph Dorr £75, old tenor, over 
and above his stated salary. 

Among other bills that were audited and allowed by the town, 
at a town meeting held Sept. 18th — 

Timothy Clark was allowed for canying Mary Thoit out of town.. £00 10 00 
Daniel Lovett, Seth Chapin and Thomas Sanford for services 

about the Ministry Land & Copies &c 05 11 06 

Da n ief Lovett and Samuel Thayer service and expense about 

Ebenezer Cook's Road 04 10 00 

Town charges, the Schoolmaster &. Ebenezer Cook 88 00 00 



1739. Jan. 8. The town met and chose Capt. Daniel Lovett 
Moderator, and after some debate the meeting was adjourned to 
the 16th instant. 

Jan. 10.' Voted to sell that twenty acres of land that was the 

Ministry Home Lot, or first division in said town, to the highest 

bidder, but not under three hundred of the old tenor; and that 
30 



234 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1739. 

the money arising from said sale "shall Lye in bank upon inter- 
est for the ends and uses that the said land was granted for, for- 
ever. The interest to be paid out by orders from the Selectmen 
of the town, for the time being, to and for the support of a Con- 
gregational Minister or Ministers that are or may be regularly 
settled in said town of Mendon, forever, and to no other use for- 
ever; except the said town shall, hereafter, think it best to buy 
a piece of land with the principal and establish it for the ends 
and uses aforesaid, forever." 

Thomas Sanford, Daniel Lovett and Seth Chapin were author- 
ized to sell the land and to give a sufficient title thereto, by deed, 
in the town's behalf. 

It is presumed that the burying place was not yet "fenced 
with a stone wall," pursuant to a former vote, as a committee 
was chosen at this time "to state and settle the bounds thereof." 

March 5. Chose for Selectmen, Daniel Taft, Esq., William 
Torrey, Jonathan Hay ward, Jr., Benjamin Wheelock and John 
French; for Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; for Town Treasurer, 
Daniel Taft, Esq., and for Constables, Uriah Thayer and George 
Bruce; for Schoolmaster, Josiah Marshall, A. M. 

It was voted that town meetings be warned by posting up 
notices of the same fourteen days before the day of meeting, at 
the Meeting house, at Capt. William Kawson's and at Samuel 
Thompson's mill. 

Aug. y e 28th. Upon reckoning with Daniel Taft, Town Trea- 
surer, it was found by the Selectmen that the town was indebted 
to him in the sum of £5.14.03, he having disbursed, on the 
town's behalf, that amount more than he had received. 

May 21. Voted to repair the roads by a rate, and that a man 
should have six shillings a day, and a man and team twelve shil- 
lings per day, old tenor. 

It was then voted that every man should have notice to work 
out his rate by the last day of October, and that the names of all 
those who had failed to do so on or before that day, should be 
reported to the Assessors, when they, the Assessors, should issue 
out their warrant on the back side of the rate list, and deliver 
the same to the Constables to collect the same in money. 

May 21. It seems that Mendon was entitled to more than one 
Eepresentative, as, at this meeting, it was put to vote whether 



1740.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 235 

the town would choose more than one Representative, and they 
voted to send but one. 

Ebenezer Merriam was chosen, "by a clear vote," Representa- 
tive. 

The petition of John Joans and others was presented to the 
town praying that the easterly side of Mill River be set off "a 
particular town by themselves," and it was voted in the nega- 
tive. The vote being "scrupled," it was tried by dividing the 
House, and it still passed in the negative. 

A motion was made to sell the remainder of the Ministry land, 
but the town voted it should not be sold. 

Dec. 7. Lieut. Thomas Thayer and Ensign Nathan Tyler 
were chosen to take care for the preservation of deer, pursuant 
to Chap. 3, Sec. 4 of the Acts of 1739, passed July 10th. This 
act provided that whoever should kill any buck, doe or fawn, or 
having the flesh or raw skin of such, after the 10th day of De- 
cember till the first day of August, shall for each buck, doe or 
fawn, and for each skin or flesh found in his possession, pay the 
sum of ten pounds. By Sec. 4, any town which neglected to 
choose two meet persons to enforce the law, was liable to a fine 
of thirty pounds. Make what laws we will, the deer, as well as 
the Indian, will always be found only in advance of the frontier 
line of civilization. 

The Province Treasury, it seems, was bankrupt at this time, 
as, upon motion of Ebenezer Merriam, Representative at the 
General Court, the town voted to pay him, he promising to re- 
fund the amount, provided the General Court should make pro- 
vision for the same. 

Sixty pounds were granted this year for town charges. 

The burying place, notwithstanding former votes, was not yet 
enclosed, as we find the Selectmen were ordered to let out the 
same "to some good man or Men," for a term not exceeding 
thirty years, providing he or they will " fence it with good stone 
wall according to law and erect a good gate with iron hinges." 

Josiah Wilkson, his wife and children, were warned out of 
town, and Benjamin Thayer was warned "to entertain them no 
longer." 



1740. March 3. Chose Deacon Jacob Aldrich, Capt. Robert 



236 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1740. 

Taft, William Hay ward, Lieut. Thomas Thayer and Jonathan 
Hay ward, Selectmen; Edmund Morse, Town Clerk; Daniel Taft, 
Esq., Town Treasurer, and Samuel Torrey and David Thayer, 
Constables. 

Capt. Daniel Lovett, Nathan Penniman, Joseph Chapin, Ben- 
jamin Green, John Fish and John Green, Gentlemen were cliosen 
In keep order on the Sabbath Days. Mr. Josiah Marshall was 
cliosen Schoolmaster, and William Torrey and Benjamin Dar- 
ling, Deer Beaves. 

Voted that those who were delinquent in working their high- 
way rate last year may work them out this year, and that those 
who did overwork last year shall be abated the amount this year. 

Voted that Doctor Samuel Morse have liberty to shut up the 
road between the land of Bev. Mr. Dorr's and Eliphalet Wood's 
land to Muddy Brook. 

May. 19. Edmund Morse was chosen Bepresentative to the 
General Court. 

A motion was made to grant the petition of sundry inhabitants 
on the easterly side of Mill Biver, dated April 10, 1740, praying 
the town to set off the land east of the Mill Biver into a separate 
town; " those who 'were in favor of the motion having placed 
themselves, by direction of the Moderator, on the women's side 
of the house and those who were opposed on the men's side of 
the house and a count having been made, it was found there ap- 
peared a clear vote in Negative by 25 poles." 

Aug. 2.6. Among other bills that were audited and allowed at 
this meeting, Mr. John Lyon had £8 for building a new pound; 
and the Selectmen 10s. for rum to raise the pound. Uriah 
Thayer for "taking men for the highway rate," had £1. 

Baised and appropriated £75 as an addition to Mr. Dorr's 
salary, £70 to defray town charges, and £400 for highways. 

The "taking for the highway rate/' it seems, was a distraint 
for non-payment- of highway taxes, and resulted in a complaint 
to the Courts, as we find that, Oct. 31, Samuel Thayer and 
Uriah Thayer (the Constable.) were chosen to answer and de- 
fend any case against the town in the next Superior Court, to be 
holden at Worcester, relating to a distraint made by Uriah 
Thayer. 



1741.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 237 

1741. March 2. Selectmen, Lieut. Thomas Thayer, Lieut. 
Eleazer Taft, Capt. William Rawson, Capt. Robert Taft and 
Ebenezer Merriam; Town Clerk, William Rawson; Town Treas- 
urer, Deacon Jacob Aldrich, and for Constables, William Shef- 
field and John Thayer. Josiah Marshall was chosen School- 
master. 

At this time there appears to have been much dissatisfaction 
in the church, as an ex parte Council had been called and a 
judgment bad been rendered against the minister relating to his 
administration. 

At this meeting the two following votes were passed, being 
proposed by the Rev. Mr. Dorr. 

"Gentlemen, In as much as an opposing party in this Town have Ob- 
tained a judgment of a Council Against the Minister of the Town, without 
a Tryal, Relating to his administration viz: — of a Council Chosen by them 
Selves in so private a manner that the Pastor of the Church had No Coppy 
of the Letters Missive until after the Letters were Sent out to the Churches — 
If you Judge that the Minister of this Town Ought to be defended against 
Such Proceedings and you will defend him Signify it by Lifting up your 
hands. 

Gentlemen, if you will choose three persons as a Committee chosen by 
the Church, or by that part of it that adheres to the Pastor to advise and 
concur with them in the choice of a Council, if they shall think fit, to 
judge of the Result of the late Council Chosen by the opposite party here 
by Lifting up your hands." 

The foregoing votes both passed in the affirmative. The 
meeting was then adjourned to March 16, instant, the following 
persons protesting against the adjournment as well as against 
the votes passed upon the motion of the Rev. Mr. Dorr: 

Daniel Taft Esq., Samuel Rawson, 

Capt. Daniel Lovett, Benjamin Green, 

Ens. Nathan Tyler, John French, 

Samuel Thayer, Thomas White, 

Dea. Nathaniel Nelson, Samuel Hayward, 

William Torrey, George Aldrich, 

Jonathan Hayward, Robert Aldrich, 

Josiah Adams, Ichabod Robinson, 

John Chapin, David Tafi, 

John Rockwood, Josiah Chapin. 

Attest, Edmund Morse, Town Clerk. 

March 16. Y e Rev. Mr. Dorr came into the Meeting and Proposed to 
the Town to choose three Gentlemen as a Committee to joyn with y e 



238 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1741. 

Church Committee in order to Choose a Council to judge of the Result of 
the Late Council, Relating to y e Difference in y e Church in Mendon &c. 

Lieut. Eleazer Taft, Lieut. Thomas Thayer and Capt. Robert 
Taft were chosen as said committee. 

What the troubles in the church were does not appear from 
the records, but as Mr. Dorr, continued the minister until his 
death, in 1768, the difficulties, whatever they were, were soon 
adjusted. 

Voted, not to sell any part of the Ten Rod Highway or of any 
of the roads in town. Also voted not to sell the Ministry Land. 

March 30. Voted that the money "Called Land Banck" 
should pay the interest that is due to the town for the school 
land, and town debts for this year. 

This money called the "Land Banck" is supposed to be the 
proceeds of the sale of the ministry and school lands. 

May 18. The town, as usual, voted to choose but one Repre- 
sentative, and Capt. Robert Taft was chosen to attend the 
General Court. 

The inhabitants on the easterly side of Mill River (now Mil- 
ford) again, by their petition of May 4, 1741, prayed the town 
to support their minister in a mutual way, (supposed by volun- 
tary contribution,) or " give them leave to go off as a Particular 
Precinct;" but, although it must have been a hardship for the 
petitioners to attend public worship at Mendon, the town still 
refused either to relieve them from ministerial taxes or allow 
them to set up for themselves. 

We have seen that Capt. Robert Taft was chosen Representa- 
tive for this year, May 18, and June 29, under a new warrant, 
he was again chosen Representative for this year. No explana- 
tion is found in the town records of this procedure. 

But, upon consulting the Province Laws of 1741, p. 1102, we shall 
find that the General Court, which was convened on the 26th of 
May, was dissolved on the next day by Gov. Belcher, no acts being 
passed, and a new assembly was called to meet on the 8th day of 
July. On this account another town meeting was called July 
29, and Capt. Robert Taft was again elected Representative. 

Court Records, 1741 to 1743, pp. 15 and 16. 

July 16. A Petition of Thomas Tenney and a great number of other In- 
habitants of Mendon, setting forth the Controversies they have had, and 



1741.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 239 

still have, with their Minister, Mr. Joseph Dorr, upon which they have 
had the advice of an Ecclesiastical Council, which the said Mr. Dorr re- 
fuses to comply with or to do anything to give the Petitioners reasonable 
satisfaction, and therefore praying that they may be set off as a separate 
Precinct or otherwise relieved in the premises. 

In the H. of R. Read and Ordered that the Petitioners serve one or more 
of the Selectmen of the Town of Mendon with a Copy of this Petition that 
they may shew cause, if any they have, on Tuesday the 28th. day of July 
current why the prayer thereof should not be granted. 

In Council R. & C. 

Consented to J. Belcher. 

July 18. The town chose Eleazer Taft, Nathan Penniman 
and Samuel Morse a committee to "'Make Answer to a Petition 
put into the General Court by those who have stiled themselves 
A grieved in sd Mendon.'' 

Court Records, 1741 to 1743, p. 42. 

Wednesday, July 19, 1741. On the Petition of Thomas Tenney and 
others of Mendon praying as entered July 16 instant, 

In the H. of R. read again, together with the answer of Samuel Morse 
and others, Agents for the Town of Mendon, and 

Ordered that Mr. Speaker Fairfield, Capt. Choate, Dr. Hale, Capt. Watts, 
Mr. Walker and Col. Minot, with such as the Hon. Council shall join be a 
Committee to hear the parties and forthwith Report thereon. 

In Council Read and Con. and John Jeffries, Anthony Stoddard, Jere- 
miah Moulton, Richard Bill and John Greenleaf are joined in this affair. 

Court Records, 1741 to 1743, p. 68. 

Aug. 8. 1741. On the Petition of Thomas Tenney and other Inhabi- 
tants of Mendon with the Report of a Committee of both Houses thereon, 

In Council, Read and Ord. that this Pet. be accepted. 

In the H. of R. Read and Non concented and Ordered that this Petition 
with the Report thereon be referred to the Fall Sessions for further consid- 
eration. 

In Council Read, R. & Non Con. & the Council adhere to their own 
vote. 

In the H. of R. Read, R. & Non Con. and the House insist upon their 
own vote. 

In Council, Read and unanimously Non Con. 

Sept. 14. Among other accounts audited and allowed was 
one of Uriah Thayer's of £3. 09s. for time and expenses for dis- 
training on some persons in the Gore for their rates. At this 
meeting it was also voted not to sell or let the ministerial land. 



240 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1741. 

All the town lines were perambulated this year, and the several 
charges for the service were ordered to be paid. 

Sept. 22. Voted to forego Richard Rubey's rate for 1739. 
Query. Did he marry Sherebiah, daughter of Grizzel Gurney, 
mentioned in her will. See 1675. 

Voted not to allow David Thayer's account, it being £6.1(3.06, 
for carrying a certain woman and child out of this town, and 
delivering them to the Uxbridge constable. 

Voted not to allow the accounts of Eleazer Taft, Nathan Pen- 
niman and Dr. Samuel Morse, for services at the General Court 
to answer Thomas Tenney's petition, it being £54.19.06. 

At this meeting the town voted that the territory east of Mill 
River might be set off as a separate town, but that they would 
not allow the new town any portion of the ministry or school 
land or of the money accruing from the sale of any part of the 
same. 

Mass. Archives, Ecclesiastical, Vol. 12, pp. 194, 5, 6, 7. 

MILL KIVER MADE A PRECIKCT. 

Nov. 25. Sundry inhabitants of Mendon petitioned the Gen- 
eral Court to be set off as a town or precinct, as follows: 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq, Capt. General and Governor in 
Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay &c. and 
to the Hon ble the Council of the House of Representatives of sd Province in 
General Court or Assembly this 25th. day of November 1741. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of the Town of Mendon in sd Pro- 
vince thereunto subscribing, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That the said Town of Mendon, in answer to a Petition of Sun- 
dry Inhabitants on the Easterly side of Mill River in sd Town, at their 
meeting on Sept. 22, 1741, voted their consent that the land in sd Town- 
ship lying on the Easterly side of Mill River to the County road by Shef- 
field's Mill, then bounding on said road to Bellingham & bounding on Bel- 
lingham, Holliston and Hopkinton, with all the lands and Inhabitants who 
dwell on those lands within said lines be a Township. 

That the said Lands set off as a Town as aforesaid with the Polls and 
Estates ratable to the support of the Ministry & being within said boun- 
daries are not (as your Petitioners Conceive) more than about one third part 
of said town considered as by the Polls and Estates. 

That there are five families on the Westerly side of said Mill River who 
choose to Congregate with your Petitioners & to be laid to them, whose 



1741.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 241 



Lands also, at least some of them, will be much incommoded by remaining 

in the old Town, which families, if Added to your Petitioners, as your 
Petitioners hope, will render the charge of maintaining the Gospel feasible. 

Your Petitioners Are Nevertheless humbly of Opinion That it would be 
more conducive to the Peace and Welfare of the whole That y r Petitioners & 
others living within the bounds as aforesaid, with the addition of these few 
families, be Enacted a Separate Precinct rather than a Separate TovmsMp; 
and that it would be more So if the Ministry of both the Churches & Con- 
gregations in said Town may be supported by a joint Stock & every one 
attend the Ministry that is the most Convenient and Agreeable. 

Your Petitioners humbly Pray Your Excellency and this Hon ble Court 
That the Inhabitants of Mendon, dwelling on the Easterly side of Mill 
River and adjoining as aforesaid to Bellingham, Holliston and Hopkinton 
with their lands in said Township with other lauds on the westerly side of 
Mill River up to a Road called the Eight Rod Road and Including Nathan 
Tyler's House & Lands up to Upton Line may be Enacted a Separate Town 
or Precinct; Or That the public Ministry of both the Churches and Con- 
gregations in the Town of Mendon be supported by a Tax or Assessment 
upon the whole Town As Y r Excellency & Hon rs shall Judge most Meet 
and Convenient. 

And Y r Petitioners shall Ever Pray. 

Samuel Scammell, Habijah French, 

Joseph Jones, James Godman, 

Ephraim Daniels, Moses Gage, 

Moses Tenney, " William Legg, 

Joshua Underwood. Ichabod Thayer, 

Dearing Jones, Amos Binney, 

James Sumner, Nathaniel Nelson, 

John Thwiug jr. , Thomas Chaddock, 

Josiah Chapin, Abraham Jones, 

Eliphalet Wood, John Chapin, 

John Jones, William Cheney jr., 

William Cheney, Nehemiah Nelson, 

Nathaniel Jones, Benjamin Hayward, 

John Binney, Samuel Hayward, 
Ebenezer Boynton. 

And we whose names are hereunder written (being the owners of the 
Lands of the 5 families above ment d ) humbly pray we w th o r Lauds may be 
annexed to the New Town or Precinct unless the Ministry be jointly sup- 
ported. Nathan Tyler, 

John Thwing, 
Thomas Waire. 

In the H. of R. Nov. 27. 1741 Read and in answer to this Petition, Or- 
dered that the'prayer thereof be so far granted as that the Petitioners be 
31 



242 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1741. 

allowed to bring in a Bill for a Township agreeable to a vote of the Town 
of Mention at their meeting Sept. 22, 1741. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Hobson, Speaker. 

In Council Read and Concurred with the amendment at A. 
Sent down for Concurrence. 

J. Willard, Secy. 

In H. of R. Read and Non. Con. and the House insist on its vote. 

J. Hobson, Speaker. 
In Council Nov. 30. Read & Non Con. 

J. Willard, Secy. 

In Council Dec. 4, 1741. Upon a motion made by a Message from the 
Hon ll,e House of R. that the Board would reconsider their vote above, the 
vote was accordingly reconsidered and the Question being put, whether 
the Board will concur with the vote of the House on this Petition, It 
passed in the Negative, and the Board adhere to their own Amendment. 
Sent down for Concurrence. 

J. Willard, Secy. 
In the II. of R. Dec. 16. 1741 R. & Non Con. 

J. Hobson, Speaker. 

The Amendment at A, is not found in the Court Records. 
It will be seen that the House voted the Petitioners liberty to 
bring in a Bill for a Township, and that the Town had not been 
heard. The amendment might have reference to one or both of 
these facts. 

Dec. 14. The town having been cited to make answer at the 
General Court to a petition to make Mill River a precinct, chose 
Lieut. Eleazer Taft, Deacon Thomas Sanford, Mr. Joseph John- 
son, Mr. John Jones, Jr., and Mr. John Fish a committee to 
draw up reasons why the prayer of the Mill River petition should 
not be granted, and directed that Lieut. Eleazer Taft and Mr. 
John Jones, Jr., should present said reasons to the General 
Court, and make answer to said petition. 

In the II. of R. Dec. 22 d 1741. Read again with the answer of the Town 
of Mendon & thereupon voted that the prayer of the Petitioners be so far 
granted as that the Inhabitants of Mendon, with their Estates, lying on 
the Easterly side of Mill River and bounded by said River, Bellingham, 
Holliston and Hopkinton, including the Families, with their Estates, on 
the West side of said River to the Eight Rod Road as expressed and de- 
scribed in the Petition, together with Nathan Tyler and his lands, Samuel 
Rawson, Daniel Lovett, William Hayward, Thomas White, Danl. White, 
William Hovey, Josiah Adams, Benj. Green, Samuel Green and Ebenezer 
Albee, with their Estates in the old or standing part of said Town, or so 



1742.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 243 

many of them as shall joyn with the Petitioners in building a Meeting 
House and settling a Minister, are hereby Erected into a Distinct and Sep- 
arate Precinct, and the Inhabitants thereof be invested with the same- 
Powers and Privileges as other Precincts do enjoy. 

Saving Nevertheless that Jonathan Hay ward, John Green, Obadiah 
Wheelock, Jas. Albee, Jos. Corbit, Thomas Beard, Benjamin Albee, Jr., 
Jno. Kilburn, Jno. Hayward, William Sprague Jr. and Jno." White, liv- 
ing within the above mentioned bounds, or so many of them as shall 
desire it, together with their Estates, may continue to the standing part of 
sd Town, so long as they attend the public worship there in a stated way 
and no longer. Also Provided that the said Inhabitants so set off shall, 
within the space of 2 years from this time, Erect a Convenient Meeting 
House & settle a learned and Orthodox Minister for the Public Worship of 
God. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Hobson, Speaker. 
In Council Dec. 23. 1741 Read and Con, 

J. Willard, Secy. 
Consented to, W. Shirley. 

This year Mr. Dorr was allowed an addition to his salary of 
£75, and £100 were raised to defray town charges. 

The vote heretofore passed, appropriating the Land Bank 
money (the income from the sales of the ministry and school 
lands,) for the payment of town charges, was reconsidered. 

Dec. 20. 1741. We the Subscribers in assessing the Ministerial Rates 
have Excluded y e Persons, as f olloweth, that is to say as the Anabaptists ; 
and the bind of Nicholas Cook of Bellingham. 

David Aldrich, Henry Bozworth, 

Edward Pickerin. Benjamin Force, 

William Sprague, William Phillips, 

Samuel Thompson, Peter Aldrich. 

William Rawson, ) a e . , 

Ebenezek Meriam, - /assessors of the. 
Thomas Thayer. Town of M endon. 



1742. Jan. 4. Mr. Dorr was allowed £18, " over and above 
what had been paid him," being the income of the Ministerial 
land. 

Eleazer Taft and Dr. Samuel Morse, with what had been 
allowed them before, were allowed a further sum, making in the 
whole £40: 

March 1. Chose Nathan Penniman, Samuel Thayer, Uriah 



244 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1742. 

Thayer, Capt. Daniel Lovett and Jonathan Hay ward, Jr., for 
Selectmen; Edmund Morse, Town Clerk; Daniel Taft, Esq., 
Town Treasurer, and Daniel Hazeltine and William Hayward, 
Constables. 

March 17. At a meeting held this day the following " Be- 
quest" was presented: 

"To the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants, of the Town of Mendon, 
Qualified by Law to Vote in Town affairs in Lawfull Townmeetting As- 
sembled, by Ad journment from March 17. 1742. 

Wee the Subscribers Your Friends and Neighbors of the Society of Poe- 
ple Called Quaquers for our Selves and Others of our Society finding the 
Yard belonging to our Meettinghouse Too Little for Our Conveniancy, 

Request y e favour of Some Enlargement, Particularly that you will 
please to Allow us Two Rod of y e Ten (Rod) Road at the Front of Our sd 
Meetting house, to Run an equal length with Our Own Land to the same 
belonging, Or otherwise as, in your Judgement and good Neighbourhood 
you shall think convenient in ; and Your Kindness to Us therein will Oblige 
Our Love and Gratitude. 

The foregoing Request was granted by a Clear Vote Always Provided y e 
Rod mentioned in width Doth not Extend More than fourteen Rod Long or 
fourteen Rod and a half in Length at Farthest." 

Who the subscribers were to the foregoing request does not 
appear, as the names were not copied into the town record. 

The yard that was enlarged by the above addition is still owned 
by the Eriends, and within its inclosure are quite a number of 
graves, but except in one instance there are no monuments to 
designate the name or age of the sleeper beneath. The meeting 
house that stood in the yard has long since disappeared, having 
been taken down and removed in 1850. 

July 5. Josiah Marshall, A. M., was hired by the Selectmen 
to keep school; "that is the Grammar School in said Town," for 
one year for £19 lawful money or in bills of the last emission or 
in other bills equivalent thereto. This contract is signed by 
Josiah Marshall and Daniel Lovett, Nathan Penniman and 
Samuel Thayer, Selectmen of Mendon. 

May 21. Capt. Bobert Taft was chosen Bepresentative to the 
General Court. 

At this meeting James Albee, Joseph Bockwood, Benjamin 
Bockwood, Nathaniel Thayer and others petitioned the town to 
be set off to Bellingham, they living in the south part of Men- 
don, but the town refused to grant their request. 



1742.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 245 



Upon this, John Holbrook and others of Bellingham, and 
James Albee and others, of Men don, appealed to the General 
Court. 

Mass. Archives, Court 1741 to 1743, p. 395. 

"A Petition of John Holbrook and others of the Town of Bellingham 
and James Albee and others of the Town of Meudon, Shewing that, by 
reason of the great number of Sectaries* in Bellingham, the remaining part 
are not able to Support a Gospel Minister, and that the Petitioners of Men- 
don are commodiously situated for Bellingham, and therefore praying that 
part of Mendon, particularly described in the petition may be set off from 
that Town and joined to the said Town of Bellingham. 

In the H. of R. Read and Ord. that the Petitioners serve the Town of 
Mendon with a copy of this Petition that they show cause, if any they 
have, on the first Tuesday of the next session of this Court why the prayer 
thereof should not be granted. 

In Council Read & Con. June 8. 1742. 

Consented to, W. Shirley. 

Court, 1743 to 1745, p. 143. 

"Sept. 3. 1742, The Petition of John Holbrook, James Albee and others 
of Bellingham and Mendon, praying as entered June 8. 1742 

In Council Read again together with the answer of a Committee of the 
Town of Mendon, and the matter being fully considered, the question was 
put, Whether the prayer of the Petitioners should be granted, and it passed 
in the Negative ; Whereupon Ordered that the Petition be dismissed, 
In H. of R. Read and Con. 

Consented to, W. Shirley." 

The committee appointed to settle with Ebenezer Staples, 
Town Treasurer for 1733 and 1734, reported that they "find 
difficulty" (what difficulty the record saith not), and that "he 
hath Complyed to pay to the Town for a Discharge y" sum of 
five pounds in the Old Tenor Bills of Credit, as is Complyed with 
by both Parties." The Treasurer having paid the five pounds, 
the town voted to confirm the settlement. 

OLD AND NEW TENOE. 

For some years past the General Court had issued Bills of 
Credit, as they were called, to serve for its presefit necessities, to 
be redeemed at a definite time. After paying its present in- 
debtedness, the balance of the issue was loaned, in various sums, 
to the towns, and placed in the hands of trustees. The trustees 

*The Anabaptists supposed to be the Sectaries. 



246 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1743. 

again loaned it, bnt not in large amounts, to the inhabitants, 
taking security for the principal and interest'. When a new 
issue was made it was called New Tenor, the one previously 
issued was called Old Tenor. When an issue of Bills of Credit 
was made the General Court fixed their value. Thus, in 1742, 
they issued £30,000, and by the second section of the act, they 
"enacted that any debt of four shillings, heretofore contracted, 
may be discharged by one shilling of the bills hereby to be emit- 
ted, specialties and express contracts in writing excepted, and 
so, pro rata, for a greater or less sum." 

•The bills were printed in the following form and signed by a 
Committee of the General Court appointed for the purpose. 
Their denominations ranged from two pence to forty shilllings. 

(No. ) - • Twenty Shillings, 

This bill of twenty shillings, due to the possessor thereof, from the Pro- 
vince of Massachusetts Bay, shall be equal to three ounces of coined silver, 
Troy weight, of sterling alloy, or gold coin at the rate of four pounds 
eighteen shillings per ounce; and shall be so accepted in all payments, and 
in the Treasury. Boston 1742. By order of the General Court or Assembly. 

- Committee. 
— and so, mutatis mutandis, for a greater or less sum. " 

Raised £45 to defray town charges this year. 



1743. March 7. For Selectmen, Major Daniel Lovett, Daniel 
Taft, Esq., Mr. William Torrey, Mr. John Legg and Coroner Wil- 
liam Rawson; Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; Town Treasurer, 
Daniel Taft, Esq.; Constables, William Hay ward and Samuel 
Daniels, Jr. ; Assessors, William Torrey, John Legg and William 
Rawson. 

At this meeting the town voted to dismiss the article from the 
warrant, ''Signifying they would Defend the Rev. Mr. Dorr 
against his opposers." It is not certain what the difficulty with 
Mr. Dorr was. The extensive religious agitation, the ''Great 
Awakening," as» it was called, of 1740, about which men were 
divided in opinion, may have given rise to the coldness of some 
of his parishioners, as it is related that Mr. Dorr strongly sympa- 
thized with that movement. The struggle, which resulted in 
the erection of the Mill River Precinct, may also have given rise 



1743.] . ANNALS OF MENDON. 247 

to or intensified the ''recent unpleasantness," but, as we hear no 
more of the opponents of Mr. Dorr, it is presumed that the 
autonomy granted the Mill Kiver people, in matters ministerial, 
or the subsidence of the Great Awakening, one or both, con- 
tributed to the return of a lasting peace. 

Voted not to hire a Schoolmaster this year. 

March 25. Maj. Daniel Lovett, Mr. Benjamin Wheclock and 
Mr. George Bruce were chosen a committee to treat with Ux- 
bridge or their committee concerning the Ministry land. What 
was the question about the Ministry land does not appear. 

May 16. Oapt. Robert Taft was chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

Aug. 29. Daniel Taft, Esq., Major Daniel Lovett and Dea- 
con Jacob Aldrich were allowed £1.15 each for five days work 
and Major Lovett and Deacon Aldrich 3s. 6d. each for half a 
day's work in selling the Ministry land. The surveyor of the 
Ministry land was allowed £1.05 for the survey, and Major 
Daniel Lovett, Mr. Benjamin Wheelock and Mr. George Bruce 
Avere allowed £1.10 for treating with the Uxbridge Committee. 
These several sums were to be paid out of the money arising 
from the sale of the land, or the interest due therefrom. " . 

Among other accounts audited and allowed was one of £12 to 
Sergt. William Hayward, for a road through his land, bought of 
Dr. Wilson. 

Raised £50 to defray town charges. 

All the grants for this year were in Old Tenor. 

There was an article in the warrant to see if the town will be 
at any charge in " Joyning to Lett up the fish in the Grate 
River," but it was not acted on, and the meeting was dissolved. 

The East Precinct in Mendon was created by the General 
Court Dec. 23, 1741, and it Avas, without doubt, soon afterward 
organized. It seems that from some irregularities in the man- 
ner of voting the legality of the Precinct meetings were called in 
question, and we find that in 1743 they applied to the General 
Court for relief. To this end Deacon Daniel Corbett and Mr. 
Jonathan Hayward were chosen, on the 23d of August, 1743, 
" to the General Court to Desire Relief and Direction under our 
present Difficulties." They, in the behalf of the Precinct, peti- 
tioned the General Court as follows: 

Mass. Arch. Towns, Vol. 115, p. 168, 



248 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1^43. 

" To his Excellency William Shirley Esq., Capt. General and Governor 
in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay, the 
Honorable his Majesty's Council & House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled Sept. 1743. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Easterly Precinct in Mendon 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That y r Petitioners, at their General Meeting in March 
1743 were so ill advised as to permit a considerable number of persons not 
duly qualified by Law to vote at that meeting & have so continued to do at 
all other meetings since, being induced thereto by an apprehension that it 
would be a means of preserving peace and unity among ourselves; but in- 
stead turns to the contrary, for now divers of our Society refuse to pay any 
of the taxes levied for building a Meeting house & Supporting a Minister, 
giving for reason that all the votes passed at said meeting and all other suc- 
ceeding ones are null and void because passed by unqualified persons; so 
that, by this means, we are likely to be in the greatest confusion imagina- 
ble, without the aid of the Great and Honourable Court; Therefore Y r Pe- 
titioners humbly pray Y r Excellency and Honours would be pleased to 
confirm all the votes passed at said Meetings to this time and by y r order 
make them as effectual as if all the voters were lawfully qualified, or other- 
wise relieve us in the premises as in your Goodness you shall think best & 
as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Daniel Corbett ) In the Name & Behalf of the East 
Jonathan Hayward [ Precinct of Mendon. 

In the House of Representatives Sept, 9. 1743 Read and Ordered that the 
prayer of the Petitioners be so far granted as that the respective Parish 
Meetings held in the Easterly Precinct in Mendon since the year 1740 be 
deemed and hereby are declared Valid & Legal; and all affairs, votes, 
Grants, Assessments and other things passed or transacted at any such 
meeting, or in consequence thereof is declared good in Law, and all per- 
sons concerned are hereby required to conform themselves thereto any De- 
fect in said Meetings to the contrary notwithstanding. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Cushing, Spk r . 

In Cdnncil Read & Concurred with the amendment as taken into a new 
draft, viz: — 

Whereas it appears to this Court the irregular proceedings within men- 
tioned were not in wilful Contempt of the Law, but through Inadvertance, 
and Inasmuch as rendering void the same would greatly perplex their 
Affairs, if not prove destructive to them in their weak and infant state. 

Therefore Ordered that the several meetings held there & every thing 
done or in consequence thereof be & hereby declared valid & all persons 
concerned or that may be concerned are hereby directed to conform them- 
selves thereto any defect in their proceeding notwithstanding. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

T. Willard, Secy. 



1744.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 240 

In the House of Representatives, Sept. 12. 1743. 
Head and Concurred 

T. Gushing, Spk r . 
Consented to W. Shirley. 

The second Precinct in Mendon (now Milford) was organized 
in 1741. and the Eev. Amariah Frost was ordained over the 
Church Dec. 21, 1743. He was the son of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Rice) Frost, and was born in Framingham Oct. 4, 1720. He 
graduated at Harvard College in 1740, and continued in the 
ministry, at Milford, until his death, March 14, 1792, at the age 
of seventy-two. 

Mr. Frost was thrice married, for his second wife, marrying 
Susanna, the youngest daughter of the Rev. Joseph Dorr, of 
Men do u. 

Mr. Frost was reputed an excellent man, and one of the most 
popular preachers of his time. It is a sufficient indication of his 
reputation and of his attainments, to state that he was exten- 
sively resorted to as an instructor of young men, fitting for col- 
lege and for the ministry. 



1744. March (i. Major Daniel Lovett, Deacon Nelson, 
Daniel Taft, Esq., Jonathan Hayward and Lieut. Thomas 
Thayer were chosen Selectmen; Edmund Morse, Town Clerk; 
Daniel Taft, Escp, Town Treasurer, and Daniel Taft, Jr., and 
John Chapin, Constables. 

Daniel Taft, Esq. , Major Daniel Lovett and Sergt. John Legg 
were chosen a committee " to order a Monument over y e Grave 
of the Rev d Mr. Grindal Rawson, Late Minister of Mendon." 

Mr. Josiah Marshall, A. M., was again chosen schoolmaster. 

A motion was made to build a new school house, but it passed 
in the negative. The next motion found more favor, as it was 
passed in the affirmative, being a motion that the Second Pre- 
cinct (Milford) should have the old law book during the town's 
pleasure. 

May 18. Chose John Tyler and John Thayer " to Take Care 
for the Preservation of y e Deer." 

Capt. Robert Taft was chosen Representative to the General 
Court, 

32 



250 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1745. 

It was voted that the amoitnt of interest money derived from 
the sale of the ministry land, for the present year, shall be 
equally divided between the first and second Precincts. 

Granted £30 in order to complete the Town's stock of ammu- 
nition. 

Samuel Davenport's rates for 1741 were forgiven, he not 
having removed to this town at that time. 

Aug. 31. Various bills were audited and ordered to be paid, 
among others, Peter Thayer's, for looking after a child, 
£15.00.00. 

If the account of Peter Thayer could be found, perhaps we 
should get some further light upon the reasons of. this extraor- 
dinary entry, and if the General Court would create a new office, 
the incumbent of which should be provided with suitable books 
of record, and whose duty it should be to note all events, other 
than official doings, occurring in the town or' elsewhere, that 
would aid in elucidating the history of the town, we should have 
a far better understanding of our public records, and besides 
have our town histories,, without any great labor at revision, 
ready at all times for publication. 

The grant for the disbursement of town charges this year was 
£127. 

The records says all the grants were to be paid in old tenor. 

At the close of the town records for 1744 the following entry 
is made: — 

Mendon, March 16. 1743, Then Received of the Town of Mendon such 
sums of Money which I accept in full satisfaction of my Salaiy and Prof- 
fitts of Ministry Lauds from the time of my first Settlement to the Date of 
these Presents. I say Received by the hands of Daniel Taft Esq. and 
Town Treasurer, by me Joseph Dorr, 

Minister of the Town. 

The town lines with Upton, Hopkinton, Holliston and Bel- 
lingham were perambulated this year, but the committee for 
Bellingham, for some reason which does not appear, refused to 
sign the certificate. 



1745. March y e 4. Chose for Selectmen Major Daniel 
Lovett, John French. William Thayer, Thomas Tenney, and 



1745.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 251 

Nathaniel Nelson; for Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; Town 
Treasurer, Daniel Taft, Esq., and for Constables, Eliphalet 
Warfield and David Daniels. 

THE TRAINING FIELD. 

Mendon, April 13. 1744 
Then the Selectmen mett and Measured the Training Field, beginning 
att a heap of Stones Bounded Northerly twenty Rods upon Major Daniel 
Lovett's Land; then Bounded Easterly Thirty five Rods on Phinehas 
Lovett's Laud ; Then Bounded Southerly Upon Ebenezer Merriam's Land 
Nineteen Rods; then Bounded Westerly Upon the Ten Rod Road Thirty 
five Rod to the first Bound, the whole containing four Acres and a Quarter 
and two Rod & a half. 

Daniel Taft Esq., ) 
Jonathan Hayward, [• Selectmen. 
Thomas Thayer. ) 

March 19. Voted to sell to Phinehas Lovett a portion of the 
Training Field, on the east side, adjoining his other land, thirty- 
five rods in length, seven rods at the sonth end of the Training- 
Field, and six rods at the north end, containing one acre, three 
score and eight rods. The consideration was £5.00.00, old 
tenor. 

The interest of the ministry land was voted one half to the 
First Precinct and the other to the Second Precinct. 

The bill of Dr. Daniel Hews for doctoring, and the bill of 
William Hayward for nursing Elizabeth Nox or Eose? was disal- 
lowed. 

March 19. Voted, That all the roads that are reputed to be 
more than four rods wide in the town of Mendon, be reduced to 
four rods, and the Selectmen state the roads. 

Sept. 23. The committee to reckon with Daniel Taft, Esq., 
Treasurer, reported that they find due him the sum of 
£30.13.11, old tenor. They also find in former constables hands 
£13, old tenor, and interest due on school money £13, old tenor 
— in the whole £33.10.02, and about £33 in last year's orders 
unpaid. 

The committee to review Ebenezer Staples' account as Treas- 
urer for 1733 and 4, find due him £1.15.7, and that a note of 
£5.00.00, given by him on a former settlement, should be given 
up to him. 

1st Tuesday in October, Nathaniel Nelson was allowed £2.07 



252 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1746. 

for a journey to Worcester to answer a presentment against the 
town, and for laying out roads. This presentment probably 
had its origin in an alleged claim of the town of Uxbridge that 
Mendon was held to contribute to the maintenance of a bridge 
over the Great (Blackstone) River. 

William Hay ward, Constable (collector) was allowed £0.11.08 
for rates in 1743, "on Account of Men Living in y e Gore." 

Raised to pay town debts £150, old tenor. 



1746. March 17. Daniel Taft, Esq., Benjamin Whcelock, 
Jun., Uriah Thayer, Jonathan Hay ward and Samuel Scammell 
were chosen Selectmen; Edmund Morse, Town Clerk; Daniel 
Taft, Esq., Town Treasurer, and Samuel Rawson and Ichabod 
Robinson were chosen Constables. 

The vote passed March 19th, 1745, to reduce the roads to four 
rods wide was reconsidered. 

Crown r (Coroner) William Rawson was chosen Grand Jury- 
man. 

May 22. The Selectmen were instructed to hire a school- 
master. 

Samuel Thayer, Deacon Nelson, John French, Capt. Robert 

Taft, Jonathan Hayward, Thomas Thayer and George , 

were chosen a committee " to consider the affair of building a 
School House or School Houses and make a Report at the next 
Town meeting." 

Capt. Robert Taft was chosen Representative to the General 
Court. 

Voted, that "the interest of the money the Ministry Land 
sold for should be divided equally between the 1st. & 2nd. Pre- 
cinct." 

A committee was chosen to see "if any one wishes to buy any 
part of the Ten Rod Road And See what they will give for it," 
and report to the town. 

Sept. 22. Voted to pay Dr. John Scammell £8.10 "for his 
Doctrin Bethiah Bridges." 

Voted "to raise £133.00.00 to defray town Debts." 

At the same meeting the following votes were passed: 



1747.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 253 

" The Selectmen having reduced the roads more than four rods wide, by 
metes and bound, to the width of four rods, it was voted to accept of the 
Report of the Selectmen. 

Voted that Nathan Penniman and Abraham Staples be a Committee to 
take an account of the land adjoyning to each particular person that is 
ajoyning to the roads or highways Reputed to be more than Four Rods 
wide, in order to Sell the same ; that is all above four rods wide in said 
roads and report at the next town meeting. " 

Voted that Mr. George Brace and Cr. William Eawson be 
a committee to refer tlie said return of said road to the Court of 
the General Sessions of the Peace in and for the County of Wor- 
cester for a confirmation. 

In December following, Capt. Nathan Tyler, William Torrey 
and Edmund Morse were chosen a committee to make a 
"Draught'' of all land which is to he disposed of as above said, 
in order for the town to act on at their next meeting. 



1747. March 2. Selectmen, John French, Maj. Daniel 
Lovett, Deacon Nathaniel Nelson, George Bruce, and John 
Chapin; Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; Town Treasurer, Daniel 
Taft, Esq. ; Constables, George Aldrich and John Fish. 

March 30. It seems that the town did not think it best to 
have any school this year, as they voted not to hire Mr. Josiah 
Marshall as Schoolmaster. 

May 26. Maj. Daniel Lovett and Lieut. William Sheffield 
were chosen a committee to assist Daniel Taft, Esq., Town Trea- 
surer, "To Look After the Money, Both principal and Interest, 
Arising by virtue of the Saile of the Ministry and School Land 
in Mendon." 

Aug. 31. This meeting was occupied by auditing and allow- 
ing various bills and foregoing taxes, among which was one in 
the following words: "Voted to forego £2.14.05.3 New Tenor 
which is, in old Tenor, £10.17.11, in Constable David Daniels' 
Rate in y e year 1747, which was Rated to men in the Gore,',' known 
afterwards as Attleboro Gore. 

To defray town charges, £150, old tenor, was raised. 

Tbe Town Clerk was directed " to Send to the Selectmen of 
Bellingham to give the Reason, if any they have, why they will 
not sign the Preambulation between Mendon and Bellingham 



254 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1747. 



According as the Line hath been Preambulated by both Parties 
for Several years past and that by fair Meets & Bounds." 

The old school house was sold to Samuel Thayer for £14, old 
tenor. 

This year the roads were reduced to four rods in width, and 
sold to the abutters, as by the following schedule: 

Jonathan Wadsworth 1 Acre & 14 rods. 

George Bruce 1 

Moses Aldrich 4 

Benjamin Green 

Seth Chapin's heirs 

William Torrey 

Nathaniel Nelson. 1 

Ebenezer Chapin 

John Post 

John White 1 

George Aldrich 

Eliphalet Wharfield 

Elihu Warfield 

Daniel Lovett, Esq 

Nathan Tyler 4 

Jonathan Wadsworth 

Samuel Green 1 

George Bruce 1 

Samuel Torrey 2 

Benjamin Green 

Thomas Rawson 

Grindal Rawson 

Mary Morse 

Rev. Joseph Dorr 1 

William Torrey 2 

Ebenezer Chapin 2 

Samuel Thayer : 1 

Joseph Chapin 2 

Ichabod Anmidown 

Ebenezer Staples. 1 

Moses Aldrich and Samuel Thayer* 

Moses Aldrich 

Maj. Daniel Lovett 1 

Phiuehas Lovett 4 

Benjamin Meriam 2 

Edmund Morse 3 

Joseph Penniman 2 

Samuel Rawson 3 



•e & 14 rods 


£ 1 10 00 


" 54 " 


2 00 00 


" 114 " 


7 02 00 


105 " 


1 00 00 


140 " 


1 07 06 


146 " 


1 18 00 


" 40 " 


1 17 00 


120 " 


1 02 06 


30 " 


05 00 


" 98 " 


2 08 00 




3 00 00 


140 " 


1 06 00 


108 " 


1 00 00 


124 " 


2 08 00 


" 00 " 


10 Rod Road 6 00 00 




2 10 00 


" 69 " 


6 00 00 


" 100 " 


12 00 00 


'• 27 " 


10 16 10 


65 " 


2 08 09 


24 " 


19 00 


135 " 


3 07 06 


148 " 


11 11 00 


" 32 •' 


5 18 09 


" 76 " 


14 16 00 


" 18 " 


10 11 03 


" 120 " 


15 11 00 


•' 70 " 


12 07 06 


112 " 


7 00 00 


" 120 " 


6 00 00 


30 " 


2 00 00 


72 " 


5. " 3 00 00 


" 92 " 


6 05 00 


" 00 " 


20 00 00 




12 00 00 


" 40 " 


20 00 00 


" 80 " 


6 00 00 


" 40 " 


8 00 00 



♦Friends Meeting House yard, 2 rods on each 6ide. 



1748. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 255 

Sarah Daniels (Wid. of Saml.).. . 1 Acre. 1(1 Rod Road 3 10 00 

John AJbee 4 Acres 100 rods. " 23 00 00 

Lieut. William Sheffield 1 " 120 " " 4 10 00 

Joseph Corbitt " 3 00 00 

Capt. Eleazer Taft 4 " " 10 00 00 

Elilme Whartield 142 " " 5 00 00 

Cro. William Rawson 3 " " 10 00 00 

Joseph Aldrich 1 " 20 " " • 4 10 00 

JosephAllin 3 " " 12 00 00 

The following record is found in the latter end of the second 
volume of the Town Records, the book being turned upside 
down: 

January y c 13, 1747. After choosing a Committee to audit the Treasu- 
rer's account the meeting was adjourned to the March meeting, then to the 
25th. of May, then to the last Monday in August and then to the 21st day 
of September, no business being transacted until the last adjournment. 

At this lust meeting the town voted to build one new school 
house, and to set it "on y e Training Field where it will be most 
Accommodable, that is at y e North End of Said Training Field, 
adjoyning to the road." It was also voted that " the School 
House should be twenty foot in Length and sixteen foot in width 
and Seven foot Studd betwixt Joynts." Major Daniel Lovett, 
Mr. Samuel Thayer and Capt. Nathan Tyler were chosen a com- 
mittee to build the house. 

This was the second and only school house in town, at the 
time, the old one having been sold to Samuel Thayer. The old 
school house stood on the road at the north side of the Friends 
meeting house. The new one was to stand near where the barn 
of Albert W. Gaskill now stands. 

The money accruing from the sale of portions of the roads was 
to be paid into the Town Treasury, and so much as may be 
necessary was appropriated for building the school house. 



1748. March 7. Chose for Selectmen, William Torrey, Na- 
than Tyler, Thomas Thayer, Daniel Corbett and Phinehas 
Lovett; Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; Town Treasurer, Daniel 
Taft, and Constables, Daniel Taft, Jr., and Joseph Corbitt. 

March 21. Josiah Marshall was chosen Schoolmaster for the 
current year. 



256 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1749. 

May 17. Deacon Nathaniel Nelson was chosen Representative 
to General Court. 

Voted that the Assessors "for Time to Come Lodg the yearly 
valuations and other papers Serviceable to the Town's use in the 
Clerk's Office." 

Aug. 29. Capt. Thomas Thayer, Ensign John Legg and Cr. 
William Rawson were chosen a committee "to Examine the Ac- 
counts of the Committee Chosen to Build a School house for 
y'Town and report at the adjourned meeting; and also to reckon 
with the Treasurer." 

The income from the Ministry land to be equally divided be- 
tween the First and Second Precincts. 

The town voted they would have but one school, and that but 
for four months. Raised £100, old tenor, for town charges, and 
£8 to mend Trask's bridge. 



1749. March y e 6th. Selectmen, Abraham Staples, William 
Thayer, George Aldrich, Ensign John Rockwood and Benjamin 
Wheelock; Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; Town Treasurer, 
Daniel Taft, Esq., and Phinehas Lovett and Moses Gage for 
Constables. 

Ensign John Legg and Capt. Thomas Thayer were chosen "to 
take care of the Deer." 

All the abutters on the roads had not yet agreed to purchase 
against their lands, and a committee was chosen to treat with 
them and agree with them, if they can, "according to the Gen- 
eral Proceedings of the Town in that Affair." 

In the early laying out of the divisions of land, in many places, 
a way for a road was reserved. Some of these reservations had 
been used and others had not. The town now voted that Capt. 
Thomas Thayer and Lieut. William Sheffield be directed "to 
sell the Allowance for Roads where there is No occasion for 
Roads." 

They also voted "that the Grammar School should not be 
kept in the School House." This school heretofore had been 
kept a portion of the time in the old school house. 

May 22. Nathaniel Nelson was chosen Representative. 

Warrants for town meetings were to be posted at the meeting 



1749.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 257 



house in Mendon; at the Second Precinct meeting house; at 
Sheffield's Mill, and at Trask's mill. 

Voted to raise £300, old tenor, to defray town charges. 

It will he remembered that, in the divisions of the common 
lands, the school and the ministry were both reckoned. For 
some reason laying out of some of the divisions of land belong- 
ing to the ministry had been neglected, and, at this meeting, 
Capt. Nathan Tyler and Deacon Jacob Aldrich were directed 
"to Lay out the Remainder of the Ministry Land." 

Voted that, by and with the advice of the Rev. Joseph Dorr, Present 
Minister, Abraham Fletcher Have the Use- of the Ministry Meadow belong- 
ing to the Town of Mendon, for Twenty years from the date hereof, Pro- 
vided he, the said Fletcher, Shall Clear up all the said Meadow and finally 
Subdew the same within the Space of three years from the date hereof and 
have the same under good and sufficient fence and Leave it under good 
Leagal Fence at the end of said Time; and further the Said Abraham 
Fletcher is (for the Use of Said Meaddow) to mow and make all the Grass or 
produce of said Meadow yearly, and seasonably and Deliver the one third 
part of the Hay to the said Mr. Dorr at his barn yearly, the said Mr. Don- 
continuing to be the Minister in this place; but, and if the said Mr. Don- 
Discontinue to be Minister in this Place, before the said Time be Expired 
then the said Fletcher, or his order, Shall Deliver to the Town of Mendon, 
or their order, the said third part of the Hay, as they shall order the same 
not exceeding the same distance from the town. 

Deacon Nelson, Benj. Wheelock, Abraham Staples and Capt. 
Thomas Thayer were chosen a committee "to reckon with the 
Committee to build the School House, and to view the School 
House and to Except (accept) or noun except the same to Re- 
port at the next meeting." 

August y c 24. 1749. As we hear no more about the school 
house, it is supposed the committee found it properly construct- 
ed. The settlement they made with the Treasurer is as follows, 
viz: — 

Then Wee the Subscribers met and Reckoned with the Town Treasurer 
(Daniel Taft Esq.) and found due to him, in Old tenor, 

The sum of £41 10 00 

And wee found to Several others, in Old tenor GO 00 00 

£101 10 00 
And we find due to the Town (from) Particular 

Persons, viz: upon y e School Bonds, about. £8 00 00 

and in Constable Taft's hands 10 00 00 

33 



258 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1750. 

In Esq. Taft's hands Intress money 8 00 00 

In debt (to) the Town for Laud on (side) of the 

Roads 12 00 00 38 00 00 

The Town remains in debt, Old tenor £63 10 00 

Daniel Taft, Town Treasurer. 

John Rockwood, "] 
Abraham Staples, | Selectmen of 
George Aldrich, f Mendon. 
Benj. Wheelock. J 

The above Reckning was Excepted (accepted?) by the Town at their 

meeting 

Attest, Edm d Morse, Town Clerk. 



1750. March y e 5th. Chose Oapt. Nathan Tyler, Daniel 
Sumner, George Bruce, Icliabod Robinson and William Rawson, 
Selectmen; Edmund Morse, Town Clerk; Daniel Taft, Esq., 
Town Treasurer, and Ebenezer Chapin and David Pond, Con- 
stables. 

May o. It was voted to have a grammar schoolmaster, but 
voted they would not have Mr. Foster " by the whole town save 
one." 

May 25. At a town meeting held this day, " Voted and chose 
Mr. Dorr's son Joseph and Cant. Eleazer Taft's son Moses to Keep 
School by tipetts as they can agree with them at a reasonable 
rate, for this present year." 

Chose Nathaniel Nelson Representative to the General Court. 

At this meeting it was voted — 

' ' To Sett the Town Pound on the Land of Ebenezer Chapin, in the Cor- 
ner by y e Road leading to John Post's, He the said Chapin giving the land 
to Sett said Pound on, and, on said Pound being sett up on said Lands as 
aforesaid, by the Town, the said Chapin or his heirs or order, is Obliged to 
Maintaine the said Pound, a good and Lawful Pound, for the Town's use, 
During y e Term of Fifteen years, from the date hereof, at his own cost and 
charge. Said Ebenezer Chapin being present, freely CoDsented to y e fore- 
going vote and Promised to Preform y e same." 

Voted " to build a School House near the East Precinct Meet- 
ing House for y e use of the Town, and that the interest money 
arising from the sale of the School lands be erpially divided be- 
tween the two precincts." 



1750.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 259 

Dr. Scammell was paid £2.14.00 "for Looking after Eunice 
Wilson and Marthay Bridges." 

Raised £40, lawful money, to defray town charges. 

MR. KAWSON'S FAEM. 

Iii 1685, Secretary Rawson bought of the Natick Indians a 
tract of land, afterward annexed to Mendon by the General 
Court, containing about 2,000 acres. The consideration in the 
deed was £14, lawful money. 

The following document continues the history of this pur- 
chase, although we are still left in the dark how the controversy 
was finally adjusted. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phipps Esq. Lieut. Governor and Comman- 
der in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
in New England, the Honourable his Majesty's Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives, in General Court Assembled at Boston this twenty second day 
of January A. D. 1750. 

The Petitioners of The Proprietors of Rawson's Farm in Bellingham, 
Humbly Sheweth. 

That about Sixty years ago Mr. Rawson, a Secretary of this 
Province having a Grant of the General Court of 1840 acres according to a 
Plan drawn on Parchment, by Capt. Thomas Thurston of Medfleld; sd 
Rawson and son sold sd Farm to William Haward, Thomas Sanford & 
others, who agreed each to Build a house and live therein, which they did 
after some time, & sd Purchasers formed themselves into a Propriaty, Chose 
a Clerk & a Committee to Devide said Farm not into Equal parts but ac- 
cording to the different sums Each Paid purchase money, from one acre 
lots to 100 acre lots; and from year to year, as the Committee made returns 
of their Devisions, the Clerk recorded them in a Book Provided for that 
end. 

That about 20 years since James Smith, as he sales, was chosen Clerk & 
the Original Deed from sd Rawson & Plan Both drawn on Parchment & , 
scaled and fasned together and sd Book of Records Came into said Smith's 
hands with the papers belonging to the sd. Propriaty, the Number of which 
is Uncertaine, the first Purchasers being all Ded but one & he is removed 
at a Distance from us, and sd Books & Papers &c. being very much Secreted 
by sd. Smith. 

That about 15 years ago there were several Bounds of sd. Devision lost 
& there was like to have been a law suite by reason of one selling to Bounds 
contrary to sd. Records; sd Smith was applyed to for copyes, but he said 
he was chosen Clerk of sd. Proprietors, But his choice was not recorded 
neither was he sworn and that he could not attest copys. 



260 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1750. 

That soone after the Proprietors met & chose Joseph Holbrook their 
Clerk who went to James Smith & Desired sd. Book &c. of him, but said 
Smith Put him off from time to time by saying he wanted to make him 
copyes from said Book of his own Interest; at other times that he had the 
gout and Rumatism in his hand & as soone as he was well he would copy 
what he wanted and Deliver the Book &c. the above sd difference being 
made up & the Proprietors hoping he would Deliver the Book &c. and, 
being loth to see them out of his hands, let them remain there. 

That last Winter sd Smith sold a number of pine trees to several Mendon 
poeple out of a lot of land claimed by another man. About that time tres- 
passes were committed in another place on sd Farm, the lots not to be 
known but by sd Book, which said Smith secreted : which Drove the Pro- 
prietors to their action against said Smith. But in April he non suited 
them. 

That in July his attorney made Several pleas in abatement which were 
Overruled in the Inferiour Court at Boston & a Plea in Bar (that the cause 
of action did not arise within three years of commencing his action) which 
was an action Detinu, the judges of the Inferiour Court, as we understand, 
were of opinion that the law of limitation referred to was not Intended to 
Extend to Real actions and they gave judgment that sd Smith Deliver the 
Book, Plan and Papers sued for in fourteen Days after entering up the 
same judgment & Pay Costs, or in Default thereof the Proprietors afore sd 
shall recover judgment against the said James Smith the sum of one hun- 
dred pounds, lawful money & Costs of sute; from which judgment sd Smith 
appealed to the Superior Court in August. When sd action was tried there 
were 4 judges Present who were unanimously of opinion that as the act of 
Detinue made no distinction between Real and Personal actions, that this 
action was Included and gave judgment that the action afore sd be barred 
and that sd Smith Recover his costs against sd Proprietors. 

Which has put sd Proprietors into the utmost concern, for that there is 
now on sd Farm 16 or 17 families that sd Smith witholds from them the 
Original Title to their lands and all their bounds being no where recorded 
but in said Book of Records. 

That sd Smith is by his indolence and Tavern-spending reduced from a 
fair Estate and that his Estate is accounted Insolvent. 

That he has neither family nor any cattell — lives at a Tavern — kept said 
Book etc with him in Boston jail about 8 months, as he has told some of us 
lately & we fear is sulied if not spoilt aired}'. 

That he has threatened to burn said Book &c. 

That we are without Relief at Common Law. 

Your Petitioners therefore Repaire to this Honourable Court, Praying 
Relief as in such cases is Equitable & just, and that you would order the 
said James Smith to Deliver sd Book, Original Deed, Plan & Papers to 
Joseph Wight Jr. of sd Bellingham for the use of sd Proprietors and 

That sd Proprietors may be released from paying to sd Smith the above 
sd Costs of sute, and 



1751.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 261 



That your Honours would order said Proprietors to recover against said 
Smith their costs as if judgment had been for them at the above sd Supe- 
rior Court; or, that you would grant the Proprietors a Review of the case 
at the Superior Court for Suffolk County in Feb. next, and said action to 
stand as though brought in due time & that execution be stayed in the 
mean time, or other waies Relieve us as in your Superiour Wisdom shall 
judge Best. 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty Round shall Ever Pray. 
The Subscribers interest is as follows. 

Samuel Wiswall, 295 acres. 
Elezer Hay ward, 290 " 
Peter Thomson, 130 " 
Elnathan Wight, 100 " 
Thomas Baxter, 60 " 

Ebenezei~Hayward, 150 " 
John Metcalf, 180 " 



Petitioners interest. 1205 " 

In Council Jan. 22. 1750, Read and Ordered that the Petitioners serve 
James Smith, the adverse party with a Copy of this Petition that he may 
shew cause, if any he hath, on Friday the 25th Last, why the Prayer thereof 
should not be granted. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Samuel Holbrook, Depy. Sec. 
In the House of Representatives Jan. 22. 1750 Read and Nou Con- 
curred and Ordered that this Petition be dismissed. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

T. Hubbard, Secy. 
In Council Jan. 22. 1750 

Read and Concurred 

Saml. Houbrook, Depy Sec. 
Consented to. 



1751. "Jan. 10. Being a Town Meeting (legally called) Principally 
to Consider of the Demur which has Lately a risen Conserning a Line or 
Bounds which ought to be Settled Betwixt the Township of Mendon and 
the Township of Uxbridge; and after Debate on the Premises, the Town, 
by several votes Chose a Committee of Nine Men, viz: — Capt. Nathan 
Tyler, Capt Robert Taft, William Torrey, Edmund Morse, John Chapin, 
George Bruce, Ichabod Robinson, Samuel Thayer and Corp; David Taft, 
and they were impowered to joyn with the Town of Uxbridge, or their 
Committee to Preambulate a Line Between the Town of Mendon and the 
Town of Uxbridge if there be any Such Line to be found agreeable to the 
Grant Made to y e town of Uxbridge and the Court's Sanction thereon But 
if there Be no such Line to be found, Then the Said Committee be Impow- 
ered to joyn with Said Uxbridge or Committee to Run, Make and Es- 



262 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1751. 

tablish A Line between the said Towns agreeable to said Grant to Said 
Uxbridge. But if the said Town of Uxbridge will not Comply to Settle a 
Line according to said Grant &c. then the Said Committee or such Man or 
Men out of Said Committee as they shall Order or Depute May Do and Act 
any thing or things Advisable in the Law, or by applying to any Legal 
Authority for their Assistance In Or Der to Make a final Settlement of said 
Line Betwixt the said Towns &c. 

Attest, William Torrey, Moderator, 

Edmund Morse, Town Clerk. 

March 27 (warrant says 28.) At a town meeting held this 
day, Capt. Thomas Thayer, William Torrey, David Taft, John 
Chapin and Jonathan Whitney were chosen Selectmen; Edmund 
Sanford, Town Clerk; Daniel Taft, Esq., Town Treasurer, and 
James Sumner and Samuel Green, Constables. 

May 20. Voted "y* Mr. Dorr's son should be the Town 
School Master as soon as he can be had, and when he cannot be 
had, then Mr. Taft's son to be y e Town's School Master." Mr. 
Dorr's son was Joseph, who graduated at Harvard College in 
1752, took an active part in the war of the Revolution, was 
afterwards Judge of Probate for the County of Worcester, and 
died at Brookfield. Mr. Taft's (Eleazer) son was Moses, who 
graduated at Harvard College in 1751, married Mary Dorr (sister 
to Joseph) Aug. 15, 1753, studied divinity, settled at Randolph, 
Massachusetts, and had four sons, who all graduated at Harvard 
College. 

Elder (Nathaniel) Nelson was chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

Aug. 25. The following appropriations were made, viz: 

To Daniel Taft Esq. services as Treasurer, for 1749 & 1750 £ 1 00 00 

1 ' James Sumner, Constable, for carrying out of Town Robert 

Macfarling & Alex r Claton and their families 2 00 00 

For Town Charges 15 00 00 

These appropriations were in lawful (sterling) money, not old 
tenor. 

Voted to forego Thomas Seaben's rate bills, being £1.07.04, 
for double money. By double money is meant that the property 
had been taxed to another person, as it is found more clearly 
expressed in other places. 

Benjamin Wheelock, George Aldrich and David Taft were 
chosen "to reckon with the Committees formerly chosen to Sell 



1751.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



263 



(lit 1 Land Lying in t lie Reputed Ten Rod Roads or other Roads 
more than four Rods wide,'" and make a report at a future 
meeting - . 

REPORT OF A COMMITTEE. 

Wee the Subscribers Chosen by the Town of Mention to Reckon with the 
Committee Chosen by the Town to Build a Shool House Mett and Viewed 
said School house and wee Excepted (accepted) The Said House to be 
finished according to the Agreement the said Committee made with Ed- 
mund Morse. 

As for the Account of the said Committee, appointed to Build Said 
House, it is as followeth viz: — 

Mendon Oct. 7. 1751 Wee y e Subscribers whose names are annexed to.our 
Account, as it here stands, have Rec d full satisfaction for our Labour etc. 

Maj. Daniel Lovett £ 8 16 00 Phinehas Lovett. 

('apt. Nathan Tyler 4 14 00 Nathan Tyler. 

Jona. Wadsworth 2 05 00 Jon a Wadsworth. 

Jacob Aldrich 5 00 00 Jacob Aldrich. 

Benjamin Merriam 4 15 00 Benjamin Merriam. 

Joseph Allen 4 00 00 Joseph Allen. 

Benjamin Thayer 1 16 00 Benjamin Thayer. 

John Legg 14 18 00 John Legg. 

Moses Aldrich 15 00 Moses Aldrich. 

Joseph Corbitt 1 00 00 Joseph Corbitt. 

Ebenezer Merriam .. . 13 00 Ebenezer Merriam. 

Phin s Lovett 12 00 Phinehas Lovett. 

George Aldrich 1 00 00 George Aldrich. 

Edmund Morse 134 12 00 Edmd. Morse. 

Samuel Thayer 28 00 00 Samuel Thayer. 

£212 11 00 

Capt. Thomas Thayer, ") 

Ens. John Legg, 

El. Nathaniel Nelson, [ r Committee. 

Benjamin Wheelock, | 

Abraham Staples. J 

If the accounts of our public servants were always subjected to 
as searching a scrutiny as was the committee for building this 
insignificant school house, we should hear little of ring thieves 
and less of peculation from the public treasury. 

THE MENDON" ASSOCIATION. 

-Mr. Dorr, was, with three others, the founder of the Mendon 
Association of Congregational Ministers, as will appear by the 



264 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1752. 

following extract from the record of the proceedings of its first 
meeting: 

"A number of the Pastors of chhs. viz., of y e 1st chh of Christ in Men- 
tion, of y e chh of Christ in Uxbridge, of y e 3d Church of Christ in Mendon, 
of y e ch. of Christ in Upton, being conven 3 at y e house of y e Rev d M r Frost 
in s d Mendon (now Milford) Nov y e 8th. 1751 

Being thotful that it might tend to the Advancement of y e Glory of Christ 
and of his Kingdom and Interest in this Vicinity for them to Associate 
have thot it duty, and Accordingly 

1st. Voted themselves associated, and 

2nd. Voted y e Rev. Mr. Dorr the Moderator of the Association. 

3thd. Mr. Webb y e scribe for the pres' Meeting." 

At this meeting David Thurston, a graduate at Princeton in 
the Class of 1751, was licensed to preach, as will be seen by the 
following certificate: 

"This may Certify that we, the Subscribers, Associated Pastors of chhs. 
of Christ, Have, upon the application of Mr. David Thurston, admitted 
him to examination in order to his Regular Introduction to the preaching 
of the Gosp 1 ; and upon a proper Examination Respecting his Moral Char- 
acter, his Learning, his Orthodoxy in the Doctrines of the Gosple and 
Christian Experience in Religion are Well Satisfied as to his qualifications 
for or Entrance upon y e Gosple Ministry, and can very freely recommend 
him to y e churches and Poeple of God as a suitable person to preach the 
Gosple, wheresoever he shall, by y e Providence of God, be call d . 

Joseph Dorr 
Nathan Webb 
Amariah Frost 
Elisha Fish. 
Mendon Nov. 8. 1751." 

Thus Mr. Thurston was the first Licentiate of the Mendon 
Association. He was the son of David and Deborah (Pond) 
Thurston, of Wrentham, where he was born, May 9, 1726. He 
Avas ordained over the church in West Med way, June 23, 1752. 
After he had been settled seventeen years, owing to ill health 
and the troubles growing out of the revival of 1740, he asked a 
dismission, and was never resettled. 

The Mendon Association still keeps up its organization, and 
has occasional meetings. 



1752. March y e 2d. Anno Domini 175 2 . Chose for Selectmen, 
William Thayer, Samuel Wheelock, James Sumner, Benjamin 



1753.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 265 

Crag-gin and Ebenezer Chapin; Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; 
Town Treasurer, Lieut. William Sheffield; Constables, Samuel 
Penniman and Samuel Green. Deacon Jacob Aldrich was 
chosen Clerk of the Market. At this meeting it was voted that 
swine should not run at large, but March 1G, they were allowed 
the liberty of the town. 

" Mention April ye 7. 1752. Taken up the fifth Day of April Instant A 
Leather Purs of Money amounting to Three pounds Fifteen Shillings and 
seven pence, Lawful Money, found in Mendon Streets, by Hannah Lovett, 
Daughter of Phinehas Lovett, of Mendon. Jonathan Foster owned the 
above mentioned money and had the same delivered to him." 

May 15. Chose William Torrey, Ens. John Legg, Phinehas 
Lovett, Samuel Thayer and Cor' (Cornet) David Taft, a com- 
mittee to settle and establish a line between the town of Mendon 
and Uxbridge, in conference with a committee of Uxbridge, ac- 
cording to the grant made to Uxbridge by the General Court; 
and the committee to be continued until the last Monday in 
October next. 

May 18. Capt. Nathan Tyler was chosen Representative to 
the General Court. 

The Ministry money, as usual, was divided equally between 
the First and Second Precincts. Daniel Taft, Esq., was allowed 
£3 for his services as Town Treasurer, and £20, lawful money, 
was raised and appropriated to defray town charges. 



*7 '53- March 5. Selectmen, Thomas Thayer, Ichabod Robin- 
son, Samuel Hay ward, Samuel Thayer, Jr., and Samuel Thayer; 
Town Clerk, Edmund Morse; Town Treasurer, William Shef- 
field; Constables, Josiah Chapin and William Hay ward. 

March 26. Voted to choose four more Selectmen, and chose 
Elder Nathaniel Nelson, William Rawson, Esq., Benjamin AVhee- 
lock and John French. 

Trash's (formerly Samuel Thompson's) mill was situated on 
an island in the Great (now Blackstone) River, at what is now 
Millville, and, it seems, there were at this time no bridges con- 
necting the grist mill with either bank of the river, or, if there 
were any, they had become unsafe for use. 

34 



266 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1753. 

At this meeting the town voted they would neither build a 
bridge over the Great River or erect more school houses. As 
there was no school house west of the Blackstone River, it seems 
probable that the people living there had asked for building the 
bridge over the river, and, in default of that, for a school house, 
as otherwise there would be no other way to go to mill or to 
school except by a ferry across the river. 

Voted to raise £150, old tenor, to mend the highways, and 
that a man should have two shillings, and a man and team five 
shillings a day for labor on the roads. 

Town meetings were to be warned by notices posted at the 
Town's Meeting House, at the East Precinct Meeting House, 
and at Oargill's Mill, now East Blackstone. 

Capt. Robert Taft was chosen Grand juror man. 

May 14. The town again voted against allowing the East Pre- 
cinct to be set off as a distinct town, and, on the same day, chose 
Capt. Nathan Tyler, Representative to the General Court. 

August 20. Raised, to defray town charges, £26.13.04, law- 
ful money. 

As usual, the income of the Ministry lands was ecpially divided 
between the two precincts. 

William Sheffield, Town Treasurer, was instructed to collect 
the amount due for lands sold out of the highways, and convert 
the same to the town's use. 

"Mendon Oct. 7. 1753. 
Wee, the Subscribers, being a Committee Chosen by the Town of Men- 
don to Reckon with the Committee, formerly chosen by the Town to sell 
the Land or, at least, to Despose of the Land, in Reputed Ten rod Roads 
and other Roads in town more than four rods wide, Mett and Reckoned 
with said Committee, which is as followeth, viz: — 
Wee find in Daniel Taft Esq.'s hand, one of the said Commit- 
tee, due the Town, old tenor £ 6 00 00 

In William Torrey's hand, one of the Committee, old tenor 14 03 03 

Received of William Torrey sundry Notes viz : — 

One Note due from George Bruce old tenor 14 00 00 

" do. " " Samuel Torrey " 10 16 10 

" do. " " Rev. Mr. Dorr " 5 18 00 

" do. " " Joseph Allen..* " 5 00 00 

In Edmund Morse's hands a balance of 7 1110 

Note of Joseph Corbett, old tenor 2 00 00 

do. " Weddow Sarah Daniels old tenor 3 15 00 



1753.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 267 



Cash of Phinehas Lovett due the town 1 00 00 

Due from Capt. Nathan Tyler 05 00 

In David Taft's hands we find 6 00 00 



Total, old tenor. £76 09 11 

Benjamin Wheelock ) 

David Taft [■ Committee. 

George Aldrich ) 

Voted the above Reckoning be Excepted (accepted) as it now stands." 

The above account stands, footed in the record, at £84.09.11. 
It is probable that an item of £8 was left out in copying. 

The committee chosen to confer with the committee of Ux- 
bridge in regard to the boundary line between the towns, find- 
ing they could come to no satisfactory settlement, petitioned the 
General Court for an adjustment of the controversy, as follows: 

Mass. Archives, Towns, Vol. 116, pp. 509, 510 and 511. 

" To his Excellency, William Shirley Esq. Captain General and Governor 
in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England and the Hon ble his Majesty's Council and House of Repre- 
sentatives Convened and Sitting in General Court or Assembly for said 
Province December y e 4. 1753. 

The Petition of Samuel Thayer, William Torrey, John Legg, David Taft 
and Phinehas Lovett, a Committee for and in behalf of the Town of Men- 
don in said Mendon, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That whereas the Grant to the western Inhabitance of Mendon on 
their request to said Town in order to make a Township, which is now 
Uxbridge, was as followeth viz : — To Begin their Bounds at the Southwest 
Corner of Mendon at the Province South Line ; Thence to Run four Milles 
East on sd Line ; Then to turn a North Line parallel with the West Line of 
sd Town until that Line meett with a small Brook Called Mischo Brook, 
and so on said Brook and other Bounds Mentioned in said Grant to the 
North Line of said Town, The which Grant the Hon ble Court was pleased 
to confirm to the Town of Uxbridge; whereupon the Town of Mendon 
Chose a Committee to joyn Uxbridge Committee in order to make and set- 
tle a Line Between The Said Towns According to said Grant, But said 
Committee Did not bring any return of what they Did Relating to sd Line 
to the Town of Mendon, for their Exceptance (acceptance) nor yet ever 
Signed any Return as we can find. But the Surveyor who was employed 
to assist sd Committees in Settling said Line was then Town Clerk of Men- 
don, who was pleased to make an entry of what the Committee Did (as he 
saith in his Entry) was according to said Grant, How Ever the sd Towns 
Made no fourther Search in that Day but since then Made Several Attempts 



268 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1754. 

to preambulate according to said Entry or reputed Bounds But found Diffi- 
culty y e said Bounds being uncertain. 

And in the year 1750 Uxbridge Selectmen Denied the Old Reputed Bounds 
on the Spot. 

And afterwards one of their Principle Gentlemen, then one of the Select- 
men of Uxbridge, Come into our Public Towne Meeting and openly De- 
claired for him Self and the others of them Selectmen that they would Not 
Preambulate as heretofore and that there was no reguler Bounds according 
to the Grant &c. 

Tbereupon wee were Oblidged to make further Tryal And that feeling in 
Deed there was not any just Line Betwixt said Towns Neither by Length of 
Lines nor by Point of Compass Wee friendly offered the Town of Uxbridge 
to Joyn and Measure and Settle a Line or Bounds Betwixt said Towns 
According to said Grant which they Utterly Refused although they first 
Denied y e Line &c. 

Wherefore in order to prevent any further Difference or Perplexing Law r - 
sutes that might arise here after it is the Humble Request of your Petition- 
ers That Your Excellency and Honors would Be pleased to take into your 
wise Consideration And Send a Committee in Order to make and Establish 
a Line or Bounds Betwixt the Town of Mendon and the Town of Uxbridge 
according to the Grant above said. 

As your petitioners in Duty Bound shall ever pray. 

Samuel Thayer, "] 

William Torrey, | 

John Legg. J- Committee. 

David Taft, 

Phinehas Lovett, J 

In the House of Representatives, Dec. 14, 1753. 

Read and Ordered that the Petitioners Serve the Town of Uxbridge with 
a Copy of this Petition that they Shew Cause (if an}' they have) on the 
Second Thursday of the Next Sitting of the Court why the prayer thereof 
should not be granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Hubbard, Spk r 
In Council Dec. 15. 1753 Read and Concurred. 

Thomas Clarke, Deputy Secy. 



1754. March y e 3d. 1754. Chose for Selectmen, George Al- 
drich, Habijah French, Benjamin Merriam, Jasper Daniels and 
Silas Wheelock; Town Clerk, Edmond Morse; Town Treasurer, 
George Aldrich, and for Constables, Nathaniel Rawson and 
Daniel Holbrook. 

The General Court being in session the petition of the Select- 



1754.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 269 



men of Menclon was again brought up, and the following action 
was had thereon : — 

In Council March 29. 1754. 

Whereas by the Order upon the Petition of the Selectmen of Men- 
don the Town of Uxbridge were directed to make answer to said Petition 
on the Second Thursday of the present Session of this Court, and whereas 
the Public Fast has been appointed to be kept on that Day; Therefore Or- 
dered that the said Town of Uxbridge give in their answer thereto on 
Wednesday the tenth day of April next to which time the consideration of 
the aforesaid petition is referred. 

Sent down for Concurrence, 

Thomas Clarke, Dep'y Secy. 
In the House of Representatives March 29. 1754 
Read and Concurred 

T. Hubbard, Spk' 
In Council April 10. 1754. 

Read, and it appearing that the Towns of Mendon and Uxbridge have 
agreed in Relation to the boundary Line betwixt them, Ordered that this 
Petition be dismissed. 

Sent down for Concurrence, 

Thomas Clarke, Dep ty Secy. 
In the House of Representatives April 10. ,1754 
Read and Concurred, 

T. Hubbard, Spk r 
Consented to W. Shirley. 

BOUNDARY LINE BETWEEN MENDON AND UXBRIDGE SETTLED. 

Memorandum of an Agreement made at Mendon this Second Day of 
April 1754, Between Samuel Thayer, William Torrey, John Legg, David 
Taft and Phinehas Lovett, as a Committee for y e Town of Mendon on y e 
one part and John Harwood, Josiah Taft and Nicholas Baylies, as a Com- 
mittee of y e Town of Uxbridge on y e other part as follows, viz : — Whereas 
there is Risen a Dispute or Difference between said Towns do mutually 
agree in order to accommodate and make a final end of sd aforesaid Dis- 
pute do agree on y e following conditions, viz : That we the aforesaid Com- 
mittees in behalf of the aforesaid Towns do agree to acknowledge and 
Confirm y e heap of stones near a place called Benson's Sellar to be y e South 
East Corner of y e Town of Uxbridge, and from thence to run Northly a 
Direct Line to a Maple Tree Marked for Uxbridge Corner on Misco Hill 
Brook, called Uxbridge Jogg, and also to run and measure and make and 
Erect Bounds from said South East Corner of Uxbridge to y e above sd 
Maple Tree and further we mutually a Gree to go and perambulate and make 
y e above Bounds on Wednesday ye 3d Day of this Instant April and to 
meet on sd Day at y e hour of Eight o'clock in y e morning at sd South East 
Corner of Uxbridge, near Benson's Sellar & do y e above work & to finish 
directly & then to make return of said Perambulation and bounds above 



270 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1754. 

sd. in a joint Petition to y e General Court & to Desire and Request of y e sd 
Honourable Court to Confirm and Enact and Establish y e above sd Corners 
and Bounds ' we shall then erect to be Corners and Bounds between 
said Towns of Mendon and Uxbridge; and further do agree to 
withdraw all Petitions &c. to y e General Court and all other Differ- 
ences and Disputes that have already Risen between sd Towns, and 
also it is a Greed that y e Compass shall be carried by John Harwood Esq. 
& Wm, Torrey or either of them — it is further agreed that y e above sd work 
shall be accomplished by Monday y e Eighth Day of this April Instant and 
to be mutually agreed to & Signed by us y e above sd Committee in a Peti- 
tion to the General Court for their Confirmation. 

In Confirmation of y e above sd Agreement, we y e said Committees in 
behalf of y e above, sd Towns do Mutually sign this Agreement y e day and 

year above sd. 

Samuel Thayer, 1 

William Torrey, I Committee in y e behalf 

Test. David Taft, J of y e Town of Mendon. 

Chas. Brigham, Phinehas Lovett. J 

Wm. Rawson Jr. John Harwood j Committee in y e behalf 

N bTylieI fofrTownofUxbridge. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq. Capt. General & Governor in 
Chief in and over his Majastie's Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New 
England and to y e Honourable Council and the Honered House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled y e 10th day of this Instant April 
1754. 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That we y e Petitioners being a Committee for y e Towns 
of Mendon aud Uxbridge, in order to settle y e Dispute between said Towns 
Relating to the Dividing Line have been agreeable to y e foregoing Agree- 
ment & have acknowledged and confirmed the heap of Stones near a place 
called Benson's Cellar to be y e South East Corner of y e Town of Uxbridge, 
and so Northerly a direct Line to a heap of Stones about a Rod East of 
John Darlings Dam, so called, thence Northerly to a heap of Stones on y e 
North side of y e Road between John Fish jr. and Ebedezer White's, thence 
Northerly to a heap of Stones in y e Road about 18 Rods West of y e house 
formerly George Patterson, thence Northerly to aheap of Stones on a Rock 
y e north side y e Road, called y e upper West Hill Road, a little East of ye 
Land formerly Ebenezer Read's, thence Northerly to a Maple Tree, formerly 
Markt, on Misco Hill Brook', being a Corner called Uxbridge jogg. All 
which Corners and Bounds above Mentioned we pray, with humble sub- 
mission, of this Honourable Court may be the Corners and Bounds between 
said Towns of Mendon and Uxbridge. 

W ch in Duty Bound wee Ever Pray 

William Torrey, } Committee for John Harwood, ) Committee for 
David Taft, [• the Town of Josiah Taft, [- the Town of 

Phinehas Lovett, i Mendon. N Baylies. ) Uxbridge. 



1755. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 271 

In Council April 10. 1754. Read and Ordered that the Prayer of the 
foregoing' Petition be granted and that the Boundary Line between the 
Towns of Mendon and Uxbridge, as described in the afore written Agree- 
ment, be and the same is hereby established to all Intents and Purposes 
whatever 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Thomas Clarke, Dep'r Secy. 
In the House of Representatives, April 10. 1754. 

Read and Concurred, T. Hubbard, Spk r . 

Consented to W. Shirley. 

May 20. Voted to raise £100, lawful money, to mend the 
highways. 

Capt. Nathan Tyler was chosen Representative to the General 
Court. 

It will be remembered that the town had reduced the roads to 
four rods wide, and had, in many instances, sold to the abutters 
the quantity of land beyond the stipulated width. But others, 
it seems, had fenced in portions of the road without consent or 
purchase of the town, and the committees chosen by the town to 
negotiate with the trespassers had accomplished little or nothing 
in that direction; hence the town directed the Selectmen "to 
prosecute in a regular way or manner as may be advisable to get 
the said Roads so fenced up, opened to their former width and 
So to Ly open for the Town's use." 

Voted to raise £70 to defray town charges. 



1755. March 3. Chose Edmond Morse, Thomas Taft, Nehe- 
miah Nelson, Capt. Robert Taft and Josiah Chapin, Selectmen; 
Edmund Morse, Town Clerk; George Aldrich, Town Treasurer, 
and Nathaniel Rawson and David Holbrook for Constables. 

The Ministry money divided, as usual, between First and 
Second Precincts. 

Voted "'that Dea. Edward Rawson have Liberty to Shut up 
the Road between y e Rev. Mr. Dorr's land and his land to Muddy 
Brook the Present Year for one dollar." This is the first time 
the word dollar occurs in the Town Records. 

May 19. Capt. Phinehas Lovett chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 



272 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1755. 

Aug. 25. Raised £50, lawful money, to defray town charges 
this year. 

So far as the Town Records are to be relied on, no evidence is 
found that Mendon furnished any soldiers for the French war; 
and this seems the more strange, as it is found that, quite prob- 
able, Mendon furnished her full quota. 

MENDON IN THE FRENCH WAR, 1755. 

The war against the French, for this year, was known and 
recorded, in the Muster Rolls, as the Expedition to Crown Point. 
But one battle was fought, and that near the south end of Lake 
George. The campaign closed Sept. 8, when the French were 
sorely defeated, and Baron Dieskau, the Commander-in-Chief, 
was wounded and taken prisoner. 

In this expedition the names of the following men, purporting 
to belong to Mendon, may be found upon the Muster Rolls in 
the State Archives: 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 95, p. 203. 

Iu Capt. Nathl. Thwing's Com. Col. Gridley's Reg. (Boston.) 

NAMES. TIME OP SEKVICE. "VV. A. PAY. 

Nathan Tyler Jr., 1st Lieut Feb. 18 to Dec. 23 38 6 £39 14 07 

Joseph Clark, Sergt. (died in service) . Nov. 30 to Nov. 26 34 2 16 08 07 

Peter Aldrich, do. (do. " do.). , .Apr. 21 to Nov. 20 30 4 14 13 00 

Eliphalet Wood, Corp " 22 to Dec. 3 32 2 13 10 05 

William Hutchins, do " 22 to " 3 32 2 13 10 05 

John Watkins, Private, Drummer, 

Servant to Jos. Johnson " 19 to " 3 32 5 13 14 00 

Joseph Aaron, Private Servant to 

David Daniels Mar. 17 to " 3 37 3 14 19 06 

William Barron, Private, (died in 

service.) Ap. 12 to " 7 25 4 10 04 07 

Benjamin Blake, Private, (Servant to 

Daniel Taft, Jr.) Mar. 1 to " 3 39 5 15 17 09 

Thomas Bryan, Private Mar. 1 to " 3 39 5 15 17 09 

Joseph Clark, Jr., " " 30 to " 3 35 4 14 07 07 

David Davidson, " " 5 to " 3 39 1 15 13 02 

AsaDaniels. " Ap. 22 to " 3 32 2 12 18 04 

JohnHolden, " Mar. 1 to " 3 39 5 15 17 09 

Stephen Johnson, " " 1 to " 3 39 5 15 17 09 

Neal McNeal, " Apr. 22 to " 3 32 2 12 18 04 

John Passmore " Mar. 25 to " 3 36 2 14 10 04 

William Rawson, " " 1 to " 3 39 5 15 17 09 



1755.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



273 



John Spawford, private Sept. 7 to Jan. 4 17 1 6 17 02 

Stephen Johnson, •' Ap. 22 to Dec. 3 32 2 12 18 04 

John Vickery, Private (died in the 

service) Mar. 23 to Sept. 11 24 5 9 17 09 

Aaron White, Private, (died in the 

service) Apr. 16 to Oct. 5 24 5 9 17 09 

£325 12 07 
Muster Rolls, Vol. 95, p. 205. 

In Capt Wm. Bacon's Co. (Dedham) Col Gridley's Reg. 
Eleazer Thayer (son of Uriah Thayer) 

(died) Ap. 22 to Oct. 29 £10 18 03 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 94, p. 21. 

In Capt. John Jones' Co (Bellingkam) 

Ahner Aldrich, Sergt Apr. 5 to Dec. 17 36 5 £15 12 10 

Joseph Clark, do " 5 to Oct. 6 26 3 1105 02 

Uriah Thayer, Corp " 5 to Nov. 3 30 3 11 06 11 

John Timing, Drummer " 5 to " 12 315 1110 07 

Ebenezer Thayer, Centinal " 5 to Oct. 6 26 3 8 16 00 

John Gage, do " 5 to " 6 26 3 8 16 00 

Daniel White, do " 5 to " 25 29 1 9 14 00 

Asa Daniels do " 5 to " 20 28 3 9 09 00 

Eleazer Thayer do " 5 to Nov. 12 315 10 1106 

Marmaduke Williams, servant to 

Saml. Hayward " 5 to " 5 30 5 10 04 10 

Joseph Cody, servant to Saml. War- 
ren " 5to " 12 315 10 1106 

John Gage Jr. servant to Eben r Taft " 5 to " 12 315 10 1106 

JosiahTenney do. Moses Tenney " 5 to Oct. 24 29 9 13 04 

A sel Thayer do. Jona. Thayer. " 5 to JNov. 12 315 10 1106 

John Marsh, private, " 5 to " 5 5 30 10 04 10 

Ebenezer Wheelock, private, " 5 to " 11 314 10 10 07 

John Hill, private, " 5 to Sept. 8- 22 3 

do. do. Sergt. Sept. 9 to Dec. 17 14 2 13 11 04 



Muster Rolls, Vol. 95, p. 66. 

In Capt. John Fry's Co. (Sutton) Col. Willard's Res 

Nathan Tyler, Ensign Aug. 8 to Nov. 5 

Elijah Tyler, Sergt July 16 to Dec. 24 

Thomas Howard, Corp " 16 to " 24 

Joseph Woodbury, pr. (taken sick) " 10 to " 14 

Simeon Evans, " " 23 to Nov. 27 

Fortune Bnrne, " Aug. 18 to Dec. 12 

Jones Parkes, " July 16 to Nov. 27 

35 





£193 17 05 


12 6 


£ 6 17 02 


21 5 


9 05 00 


21 5 


8 01 11 


18 2 


6 01 11 


16 5 


5 11 05 


19 2 


6 08 07 



274 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1755. 



Daniel Davidson, 
Jeremiah Thayer 
Thomas Byon 



pr July 16 to Dec. 

" " 16 to " 

" " 26 to " 



21 5 
21 5 
20 2 



7 04 09 
7 04 09 
6 15 03 



Muster Rolls, Vol. 94, p. 50. 
In Capt. Andrew Dalrymple's Co. (Petersham.) 

William Rawson, private May 5 to May 

Clerk " 16 to Dec. 

Joseph Rawson, private Mar. 30 to " 

Oliver Thayer, Corp " 28 to " 

Jonathan Cook, private " 30 to " 

Joseph Darling, " Apr. 22 to Oct. 

Jonas Dyer, " Mar. 22 to Dec. 

" " . " promoted. . .Dec. 17 to Mar. 
Joseph Jackson " Mar. 9 to Dec 

do. do. " promoted Dec. 17 to Mar. 

Ebenezer Thayer, ' ' promoted — Mar. 27 to Dec. 

do do " Dec. 17 to Mar. 

John Thayer, " Apr. 2 to Sep. 

Abner Hazeltine " Aug. 9, 

Moses Benson, " Aug. 19 to 

John Williams, " Deserted. 







£63 10 09 


16 


1 5 


£00 13 09 


19 


31 1 


14 18 06 


19 


37 6 


15 02 11 


19 


38 1 


15 19 06 


19 


37 6 


15 02 11 


7 


25 4 


10 14 07 


19 


39 




22 


13 6 


15 12 00 


10 


40 6 




9 


12 


16 06 11 


19 


38 2 





27 
21 



14 4 
23 2 



13 16 5 



15 06 04 
9 06 03 

5 11 06 



£134 15 02 
Muster Rolls, Vol. 95, pp. 121 and 122. 
In Capt. Philip Richardson's Com. 

Abraham Thayer, Jr Apr. 22 to Dec. 2, 32 1 £12 17 02 

Jonathan Wheelock May 4 to June 9, 5 2 2 02 04 

£14 19 06 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 95, p. 142. 

In Capt. David White's Co. of Douglass. 

Joshua Thayer, pr. Died in service. .Mar. 30 to Sep. 26, 25 6 12 06 10| 

John Gage, " " 28 to Nov. 3, 314 12 12 07 

Elijah White, " Died in service. . " 30 to Oct. 17, 28 6 11 10 10* 

Abner Thayer, " " 30 to Nov. 3, 31 2 12 10 03* 

John Gage Jr. , apprentice to Eliazer 

Taft, died in service " 28 to " 28, 35 1 14 0101* 

£63 01 09i 

This year another expedition was undertaken against the 
French in Nova Scotia. The Massachusetts troops were under 
the command of Gen. John Winslow, of Mansfield, great grand- 
son of Gov. Winslow, His commission was dated Feb. 10, 1755. 



1755.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 275 

By the middle of June the French forts were reduced, and the 
English were masters of the country. The inhabitants had 
been settled in the country of Acadie, as it had been called, for 
more than two hundred years. They were, originally, emi- 
grants from France and were Roman Catholics. They were an 
agricultural people. They were represented by contemporary 
historians as a peaceable inoffensive race, and had taken no part 
in the present war, and were recognized by the English as 

FRENCH NEUTRALS. 

Even by the laws of war we do not see how the subsequent 
treatment of the Acadians could be justified. They had not 
resisted the conquest of their country — had not borne arms 
against their invaders, but remained in their homes, peaceable 
and quiet. Nevertheless, when the power of the French had 
been overcome, they were treated as captives, and their forcible 
expatriation Avas determined upon — they were not allowed the 
privilege of voluntary emigration. During the succeeding 
winter, to the number of seven thousand, they were, distributed 
to the various sea ports on the Atlantic coast from New Hamp- 
shire to Georgia. 

At the opening of winter about one thousand were landed at 
Boston, without the means of support, many of them being 
aged and broken down in health and spirits by the unjustifiable 
treatment to which they had been subjected. 

The Colonial Legislature soon took the case in hand, as we 
shall see by the following: — 

Mass. Archives, Court, Vol. 21, p. 51. 

Dec. 29. 1755 Monday. In the House of Representatives. Whereas a 
considerable number of the inhabitants of Nova Scotia (Acadia) arrived 
the 26th. instant, being removed by the Governor and Council of that 
Province, for the security thereof, and no provision being made for their 
support here, they are in great danger of suffering during this rigorous 
season, without the interposition of this Court. 

Ordered that Mr. James Russell, Mr. Cooper and Mr. Hall with such as 
the Hon ble Board shall join, be a Committee to provide for the Support of 
such inhabitants of Nova Scotia, until advice may be had from Gov. Law- 
rence (of Nova Scotia) and his orders concerning them, or until there may 
be an opportunity of applying to his Excellency, General Shirley, Com- 
mander in Chief of his Majesty's Forces in North America, for his dircc- 



276 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1756. 

tions concerning them. And the Committee are to dispose of them, in the 
meantime, in such Towns, in this Province, as they shall judge least incon- 
venient to the public; and the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor of the 
several Towns to which they may be sent as. aforesaid, are hereby author- 
ized and required to receive them and employ or support them in such 
manner as shall incur the least charge : and the said Inhabitants of Nova 
Scotia being so received and entertained in any town shall not be construed 
or understood to be an admission of them as inhabitants; the Court relying 
upon it that some provision will be made for them without any expense to 
this Government. 

In Council P. & C. and Samuel Watts and William Brattle, Esqs are 
joined in the affair. 

How many of the French Neutrals were assigned to Mendon, 
and how long airy of them remained in town, the town records 
furnish no evidence. As late as 1764 five of them were still 
living in Mendon. 

In 1761 there may be found in the 

Mass. Archives, Court, Vol. 23, p. 725, 

A Petition of the Selectmen of Mendon, Setting forth that the Commit" 
tee appointed to Distribute the French Neutrals (so called) in the County 
of Worcester have (for want of due information as they apprehend) assigned 
to the Town of Mendon such only as are soon like to be a public charge, 
and praying that said Committee may be impowered to reconsider the 
matter and make such alteration in the distribution as they shall judge 
proper. 

In the H. of R. Read and Orel, that the prayer of the petition be so far 
granted that the Committee mentioned in the petition be impowered, at the 
charge of the petitioners, to new apportion the French Inhabitants in the 
County of Worcester if they judge reasonable. 
In Council R. & Con. 

Consented to by the Governor. 

So far as is known nothing came of this petition, and, as the 
petitioners were to pay the charges of a new distribution by the 
committee, and as some of the French neutrals were found here 
some years afterwards, it is quite probable nothing further was 
done. 

Of the seven thousand . that were taken away from .Nova 
Scotia, many of them found their way to St. Domingo, while 
the balance of them settled in the Southern States. 



1756. March y e 1st. Chose for Selectmen, John French, 



1757.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



277 



William Sheffield, Ichabod Amidown, Ichabod Robinson and 
Daniel Darling; Town Clerk, Edmond Morse; Town Treasurer, 
George Aldrich; Constables, Noah Cook and Nathaniel Jones. 

The ministry money was divided equally between the two 
Precincts. 

May 3. Capt. Phinehas Lovett chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

Voted to raise £200, lawful money, to repair highways. 

As yet it appears there were but two school honses in town, 
viz: one in each Precinct. At this meeting, upon motion made, 
it was voted to build no more school houses. 

Aug. 30. Raised £8, lawful money, for town charges.' 



QUAKEKS IN MENDON. 



Benjamin Cook, 
Samuel Thayer, 
Benjamin Thayer, 
Joseph Allen, 
Moses Aldrich, 
Luke Aldrich, 
Aaron Aldrich, 
George Aldrich, 
Jacob Bartlett, 

A true List 



John Smith, 
John Cass, 
Jonathan Cass, 
Samuel Gaskill, 
Ebeoezer Gaskill, 
Benjamin Gaskill, 

Anthony Chase, 
Samuel Cook, 

James Cargill, 
pr. me Moses Aldrich 



Daniel Southwick, 
Daniel Southwick, Jr., 
Lawrence Southwick, 
Jonathan Southwick, 
Benjamin Southwick, 
Edward Southwick, 
George Smith, 
Ehenezer Cook. 



Josiah Ball is certified as belonging to the Anabaptist Church 
in Leicester, and Joseph Darling as "usually attending'' the 
Anabaptist meeting in Bellingham. 

Perambulation of town boundaries were made this year, be- 
tween TJxbridge, Upton, Hopkinton, Bellingham and Mendon. 



1757. March y e 7th. Chose Daniel Taft, Jr., Joseph Jones, 
Samuel Green. Aaron Thayer and Nathaniel Rawson for Select- 
men; Edmund Morse for Town Clerk, and Town Treasurer; 
David Daniels and Isaac Tenney were chosen Constables, but it 
is found that Jasper Daniels served the Selectmen's warrants as 
Constable. Robert Taft and Gershom Chapin were chosen Deer 
Reives. 

Voted to leave the " affair of a Schoolmaster," for this year in 
the hands of the Selectmen. 



278 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1757. 

Voted to lodge indentures of children bound out by the town 
in the Town Clerk's hands for the future. 

Voted that the Selectmen of Mendon, for the time being or 
time to come, shall not have liberty " to Draw Orders on the 
Town Treasurer of Mendon to pay Them selves as Selectmen." 

John French was chosen Grand Juryman. 

The road from the Ten-rod highway to Muddy Brook, be- 
tween the lands of the Rev. Mr. Dorr and Deacon Edward Raw- 
son, about which there seems to have been a long-standing con- 
troversy, was again brought before the town meeting, by a 
motion to open the same, but which motion was not carried. 
Upon this a motion was made and carried that Deacon Rawson 
have the use of the road the present year for eight shillings. 

Upon this, James Lovett entered his protest against the vote, 
"and Declared he would apply to the Court for Relief if the 
Town did not open the Said Road Down to Muddy Brook for 
his Cattle to come at the water in y e Summer. " 

Voted to raise £200, lawful money, to mend the highways this 
year. 

Voted that a man shall have two shillings a day for work on 
the highways and a man and team four shillings per day, pro- 
vided they begin their work by eight o'clock A. M. ; and a cer- 
tificate from the Surveyor that any one had worked out his rate, 
should authorize the Constable forthwith to cross out said rate. 

A vote was passed to sell the remainder of the Ministry land, 
but the vote was afterward reconsidered on the 22d of August. 

Voted to sell the pew in the Easterly Precinct Meeting house, 
which the town bought of Oliver Hayward, to Samuel Wheelock 
for the sum of £5.06.08, lawful money, in order to support said 
Oliver Hayward and his family, as the Selectmen shall order the 
same. 

Aug. 22. Voted to dismiss the committee heretofore ap- 
pointed to sell the Ministry land. 

Last Monday in September Noah Cook was chosen "to serve 
on the Grand Jury the Next Superior Court." 

Raised £20, lawful money, to defray town charges. 

The war with France still continued, and, but for the Muster 
Rolls in the State Archives, we should not know that Mendon 
furnished any soldiers for this year's campaign. They saw no 



1757. I ANNALS OF MEN DON. 279 

active service, however, except a forced march for the relief of 
Fort William Henry, as far as Westfield, whence, learning that 
Col. Munro had been obliged to surrender the fort to the French, 
they were ordered home by Gov. Pownal, who was then at 
Springfield. 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 95, p. 545. 

A Muster Roll of the company under the command of Phine- 
has Lovett, belonging to the Regiment whereof Abraham Wil- 
liams is Colonel, that marched on the alarm for the relief of 
Fort William Henry in August 1757. Arrived at Westfield, 
they heard of the surrender of the fort to the French and In- 
dians, and so returned home. 

Days 

Miles at Whole Pay 

travel. West- time per Horse. Pay. 

field, out. day. 

Phinehas Lovett, Capt. March* Aug. 16. . 165 3 14 5s.0d 2 £3 12 00 

William Thayer, Lieut, " .. do. 3 14 3 09 2 2 14 06 

Samuel Wheelock, Ensign " .. do. 3 14 3 00 2 2 04 00 

Samuel Hay ward Sergt. " . do. 3 14 2 10 2 2 01 08 

Joseph Daniels " " .. do. 3 14 2 10 2 2 0108 

Edward Rawson do. 3 14 2 10 2 2 0108 

Samuel White do. 3 14 2 08 2 110 04 

Gershom Nelson do. 3 14 2 09 118 06 

Silas Aldrich do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

Elias Staples do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

John Holden(N Tyler Esq. Master).... do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Joseph Marsh do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

Ebenezer Marsh do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Turner Ellis do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

George Bruce do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

Stephen Johnson do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

John Craggin do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

Gershom Chapin do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

John Perry do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Moses Gage do. 3 14 2 08 1 17 04 

Daniel Wedge do. 3 14 2 08 1 17 04 

Benjamin Atwood do. 3 14 2 08 2 1 19 04 

William Legg do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

Peter Brown do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Calvin Smith do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Joseph Benson do. 3 14 2 08 117 04 

Abraham Thayer do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Joseph Darling do. 3 14 2 08 1 17 04 

Moses Thayer do. 3 14 2 08 2 119 04 

Jonas Sartell do'. 3 14 2 08 117 04 



280 ANNALS OF MENUON. [1758. 

Besides these thirty names against which is entered, in the Muster Roll 
the amount paid to each, the names of twenty-nine others are borne on the 
Roll, as follows, viz : — Robert Kelly, Zebulon Goss, William French, John 
Watkins, John Crooks, Elisha Hale, Paul Rawson, Asa Fletcher, Joseph 
Jackson, Moses Tenney, Nathaniel Rawson, Josiah Wheelock, Gideon 
Albee, Isaiah Corbett, Nathaniel Cheney, Ebenezer Sumner, John Chapin, 
Seth Thayer, Jesse Sumner, Jonathan Whitney, Jonathan Sterns, Samuel 
Warren, Benjamin Hayward, Hezekiah Hayward, Abner Thayer, Jonas 
Dyre, Bezaleel Jones, Daniel Thompson and Edward Hunt. 
Errors Excepted 

Phinehas Lovett. 
Suffolk ss. Boston Jan 3, 1759. 

Capt. Phinehas Lovett made oath that the above is a True Roll of a 
company under his command, in the time of the Alarm. 

Before me Jacob Wendell, Just. Peace. 

The probable reason why the jurat was delayed so long was 
that the war expenses were to be discharged by the British Gov- 
ernment; and so, after the expenditure of the necessary quantity 
of red tape, the voyage from Boston to London and back per- 
formed, the muster rolls properly made out and sworn to, the 
soldier finally got his pay. 



1758. March 6. Chose for Selectmen, Daniel Taft, Jr., 
Jasper Daniels, Ebenezer Chapin, Ichabod Thayer and Peter 
Wheelock; Town Clerk, Edward Rawson; Town Treasurer, Ed- 
mond Morse; Constables, Joseph Bruce and John Thayer; Deer 
Reeves, Benj. Wheelock Jr., and Stephen Torrey. 

HIGHWAY AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS. 

Up to this time the town had not been divided into highway 
or school districts. At this meeting Edward Rawson, Daniel 
Taft, Jr. Samuel Penniman, James Sumner and Nathaniel 
Rawson were chosen a committee " to divide the whole Town 
Into Districts To be Stated for the Better Convenience For 
Mending The Highways and Schooling." 

Benjamin Merriam was chosen Grand juryman. 

May 8. Benjamin Craggin, Edward Rawson and Ebenezer 
Chapin were chosen a committee "to VieAV the Burying Place 
by the Brook which Capt. Phinehas Lovett petitions to purchase 
of the Town of Mendon, and said Committee to view the Sir- 



1758.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 281 

cumstance thereof and Sett a Value thereon and Report to the 
Town." 

May 22. Voted to raise £150, L. M., to mend the highways 
this year. 

Voted "to sell Capfc. Phinehas Lovett fifteen Rods of the 
Burying Place Lying North of his own Land to the Bank of the 
Brook for the sum of £3.10.00 Old Tenor, the Said Lovett To 
Agree with Lieut. Ichabod Ammidown for the said Land During 
the term of Ammidown's Lease." 

Lieut. John French was chosen Representative to the General 
Court. 

May 31. Voted not to divide the town into districts this 
year. 

Aug. 23. Voted, to raise £50, L. M. to defray town charges. 

Chose Ichabod Ammidown Grand jury man for the Superior 
Court. 

The war with France still dragged its slow length along. 
Three expeditions for the reduction of Canada were inaugurated 
this year. In the one under the command of Gen. Abercrombie 
the muster rolls furnish evidence that Mendon furnished some 
of the soldiers for that unfortunate campaign. The following 
names, credited to Mendon, may be found in 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 97, p. -248. 

In Capt. Andrew Dalrymple's Co. (Petersham) Col. Preble's Reg. in the 
Expedition to Canada, 1758. 

Lieut, Ahner Aldrich Mar. 13 to Nov. 30, 9 mos. 11 days. £75 03 11 

Drummer, Ebenezer Trask . . Apr. 19 to " 6, 6 " 8 " 15 08 08 

Private, Joseph Clark " 14 to " 7,7 " 18 " 13 1104 

Charles Scott " 5 to " 6, 7 " 24 " 14 02 11 

Aimer Thayer Mar. 29 to " 8, 8 " 3 " 14 11 11 

Eben Thayer " 29 to " 8, 8 " 3 " 14 1111 

Moses Thayer Apr. 14 to " 10,7 " 15 " 13 1104 

George Thayer " 21 to " 10,7 " 8 " 13 02 04 

Nathaniel Farrow " 5 to " 10,7 " 24 " 14 02 11 

Nathanil Freeman " 5 to " 7,7 " 24 " 14 02 11 

Benjamin Hay ward Mar. 29 to " 7, 8 " 3 " 14 1111 

Dependence Hay ward " 29 to " 7, 8 " 3 - 14 1111 

£231 13 00 

Suffolk ss. Boston, Feb. 1. 1759, Capt, Dalrymple was sworn before 

36 



282 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1758. 

the Committee on Accounts to make true answers to such questions as they 
shall ask him on this Roll. 

Jacob Wendell, Jus. Pac. 

Muster Eolls, Vol. 96, p. 495. 

In Capt. Simon Slocomb's Co. Col. Jos. Williams' Reg. Reduction of 
Canada. 

Seth Jones Apr. 11 to Oct. 9, 6 mos. 14 days. £11 14 00 Wages 

Moses Tenney " 11 to Aug. 4, 4 " 4 " 7 09 02 

Josiah Tenney May 2 to Nov. 21, 7 " 8 " 12 19 08 

£32 02 10 
Boston, Feb. 20, 1759. Sworn to 

S. Slocomb. 

The above, as will be seen by the muster rolls of 1759, does 
not include all the soldiers from Mend on, that were out in 1758. 
Although a search was made for the rolls containing their names, 
they were not found. 

About this time, it will be seen by the following list, that the 
number of non combatants living in Mendon was on the increase: 

THE QUAKEE LIST. 

To Edward Rawson, Town Clerk of the Town of Mendon ; The follow- 
ing List of the Names of Those called Quakers within the Military Com- 
panies in Mendon. 

IN CAPT. PHTNEHAS LOVETT's COMPANY. 

George Aldrich, Joseph Allen, Luke Aldrich, Moses Aldrich, Benjamin 
Thayer, Charles Aldrich and Dan Aldrich. 

IN CAPT. WILLIAM THAYER'S COMPANY. 

Benjamin Cook, John Wilson, Samuel Cook, Joseph Southwick, Job 
Handy, Samuel Bassett, Daniel Cook, Jacob Bartlett, Ebenezer Callum, 
George Smith, Jonathan Southwick jr., Daniel Southwich 3d., Edward 
Southwick, Ebenezer Cook, John Smith, Daniel Southwick, Larrance 
Southwick, Daniel Southwick jr., Jonathan Cass jr., Ebenezer Gaskill, 
Anthony Chase, Benjamin Gaskill, Jonathan Southwick and Larrance 
Southwich jr. 

IN CAPT. THOMAS WISWALL's COMPANY. 

Aaron Aldrich. 

We The Subscribers do Verily Believe that Those Persons whose Names 
are above written are sincerely of the Perswasion of the Poeple Called 



1759.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 283 



Quakers, and that they usually attend our meeting of Worship on y e Lord's 
Day. Moses Aldrich, 

Moses Farnum, 
Joseph Allen. 
Seth Aldrich. 

Mendon March y e 27. 1758. 

Mendon July 26. 1758. 

The acct. of Ichabod Ammidown, Vittelling Soldiers Returning Back to 
the Lake, by his Honour Thomas Hutchinson's order. 

In Capt. Gamaliel Bradford's Company. 
Wait Bradford, Benj. Bryant, Nehemiah Bosworth jr. 

Lemuel Dellano, Isaac Weston, Jos. Morse, 

Joshua Pratt, Dominicus Hove}', Jos. Barlo, 

Jacob Wright, Amasa White, Silas Burges. 

John Meggs, Charles Foster, 

Nathl. Cole, Lot Co well, 

Edward Cole, Ishmael Tripp, 

Ephr. Waterman, Eben. Dexter, 

John Sno, Nathl. Bassett, 

Benias Samson, W r illiam Cobb. 

In Capt. Josiah Thatcher's Company. 
Obed Hatch, 
Eben Parker. 

In Capt. James Andrews'es Company. 
John Rouse, Josiah Drew, 

Eben Barrows, Josiah Perkins. 

here is the account of sundry of the same soldiers which eat the nex 
morning. 

Dominicus Hovey, Lot Cowell, Amasa White, Josiah Drew, Eben 
Barrus, Jos. Rouse, Ishmael Tripp, Isaac Weston, Josh. Pratt, John Sno 
and Obid Hatch. 

Suffolk ss. Boston Dec. 7. 1758 The above Forty three meals sworn to 
by Mr. Ichabod Ammidown to be true. 

Coram, John Phillips, Just. Pacis. 



1759. March 5. Chose Capt. Robert Taft, Josiah Chapin, 
John Albey, Jonas Parkhurst and Peletiah Darling, Selectmen; 
Edward Rawson, Town Clerk; Edmond Morse, Town Treasurer, 
and James Simmer and Edward Rawson, Constables. 

After the choice of Constables the meeting was adjourned to 
March 19, when the choice of Town officers was completed by 
the choice of Peter Wheelock and Eli Partridge Deer Reeves. 

"Voted that the Destricts in the Town of Mendon be Sett of for School- 



284 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1759. 

ing and Mending Highways as they are drawn by the Committee Chosen 
for That Purpose in the year 1758." 

This is the first time we hear of school or highway districts. 
The committee who reportedthem undoubtedly fixed meets and 
hounds, hut their report not being recorded, and the report 
itself lost, we know nothing of the number or size of each. 

Raised £200 for highways and £60 to defray town charges. 

May 21. " That the List Drawn for jury men and Read in 
Town Meeting shall be put into the Jury Box for jurymen." 
This is the first mention of a list of jurors or of a jury box. 

Ebenezer Ohapin was chosen Grand juryman. 

John French was chosen Representative to the General Court. 

Although most accounts at this date were still kept in pounds, 
shillings and pence, we find that dollars and cents began to be 
mentioned occasionally. For instance, Samuel Thayer was 
allowed to have the use of a piece of road this year for fifty 
cents, and Nathan Tyler another piece for half a dollar. 

Jacob Aldrich was appointed Sealer of Weights and Measures 
by the Selectmen, and sworn before Nathan Tyler, Esq. 

The campaign this year for the invasion of Canada ended in 
the conquest of Quebec by the army under the command of 
Wolfe, on the 13th of September, and the capture of Ticon- 
deroga and Crown Point by the forces under the command of 
Lord Amherst. The soldiers furnished by Massachusetts were 
attached to the army of the latter General. The names of 'Men- 
don soldiers are found in the 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 97, the following on p. 95. 

Return of men enlisted or impressed for his Majesty's Service within the 
Province of Massachusetts Bay, in Col. Whiting's Regiment, under the 
Command of Jeffrey Amherst, Gen. and Commander in Chief of his 
Majesty's Forces for the Invasion of Canada. 

Ezra Thompson Apr. 2, 1759. Out in 1758 at Crown Point, Age 23 

Moses Tenney " 2, 1759. Yes. 53 

Jolm Marsh " 2,1759. do 41 

Eliphalet Wood " 2,1759. do 43 

Peter Brown " 2, 1759. do 27 

Ezra Marshall " 2, 1759. do 19 

Thomas Hay ward " 2,1759. do 38 

Silas Rawson " 2, 1759. do 19 



1759.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



285 



Joseph Day Apr. 33 

. " 6 



1759. 

Joseph Wheelock " 6, 1759. 

Joshua Daniels " 6, 1759, 

Beth Warren " 6, 1759. 

Saml. Hay ward. Sergt. " 6, 1759. 

Daniel Davidson " 6,1759. 

Nathaniel Rawson " 6,1759. 

John Gage f . . . Mar. 29, 1759. Out in 

Joseph Clark , Apr. 2, 1759. 

Joseph Darling Mar. 24, 1759. 

Daniel Darling Apr. 6, 1759. 

Eheneze'r Trask Mar. 28, 1759. 

Gideon Arnold " 26, 1759. 

William Darling Apr. 6,1759. 

Edward Pickering " 6,1759. 

Aaron White " 6, 1759. 

Ben Benson. " 2, 1759. 

Simeon Thayer Mar. 21, 1759. 

New Marlborough April 10. 1759. 
A true Return, 

In John Jones Esq's Reg. under Lord Amherst's Ex. to Canada. 
John Galloway Mar. 21, 1759. At Lake George in 1758. 

347. 



Not out in 175S. 


22 


do 


17 


do 


17 


do 


17 


Impressed. 


40 


Hired. 


40 


Impressed. 


40 


1755 Crown Point 


57 


do 


19 


do 


23 


Not out. 


24 


Out. 


24 


do 


21 


do 


28 


do 


27 


do 


18 


do Son of Jos. Benson, 


18 


do Son of Uriah Thayei 


, 19 



Abraham Williams, Colonel. 



Aace 27 



Muster Rolls, Vol. 97, p 

In Capt. John Furness' Com. (Boston) to Crown Point from March 31 to 
Dec. 20 1759. (Cost of whole Company, 112 in number was £1841.08.03) 
The following of Mendon, viz: 

John Holden, Sergt Mar. 26 to Dec. 3, 36 weeks 1 day £19 09 03 

26 to " 3, 36 " 1 " 19 09 03 

2 to " 3, 35 " 1 •• • 16 19 00 

26 to " 10, 37 " 1 " 17 18 03 

2 to Nov. 30, 34 " 5 " 15 12 06 

3 to Dec. 3, 35 " ' 15 15 06 
2. Deserted. 
2 to Dec. 4, 



Ezekiel Hunt, do " 

Benj. Stewart, Corp Apr. 

John Watkins, do . . . .Mar. 

Jonathan Allen, pr Apr. 

Thomas Baker, pr " 

Peter Brown, pr " 

Moses Comstock, pr " 

Joseph Day. pr Mar. 23 to 

Joshua Daniels, pr Apr. 6 to " 

Asa Fletcher, pr " 11 to " 

John Hooper, pr Mar. 26 to " 

Thomas Hay ward, pr. .Apr. 2 to " 
Joseph Jackson, pr. . . .Mar. 26 to " 

David Liudsey, pr Apr. 2 to Nov. 

James Long, pr Mar. 30 to Dec. 



Samuel Morse, pr. 
Timothy Madding 
John Marsh 



. " 26 to 
. " 28 to 
.Apr. 2 to 



3, 
4, 
3. 
3, 

12, 
3. 

29, 
8, 
3, 
3. 
3, 



35 
36 
34 
33 
36 
36 
36 
34 
36 
36 
36 
35 



15 17 07 

16 09 02 
15 12 06 

15 04 09 

16 05 04 
16 11 07 
16 08 04 

15 11 02 

16 06 07 
16 05 04 
16 02 09 
15 16 09 



286 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1759. 



Ezra Marshall Apr. 

Samuel Pond. Mar. 

William Parsons Apr. 

William Rawson Mar. 

Silas Rawson Apr. 

Elias Rawson, s. of Nathl. " 

Joshua Thornton Nov. 

George Thayer " 

Gideon Taft Apr. 

Israel Taft Apr. 

Ezra Thompson Apr. 

Moses Tenney Apr. 

Thomas Wood Apr. 

John Wilson, (Gun) — Apr. 

Nathan Wood Apr. 

Samuel Wright Apr. 

Eliphalet Wood Apr. 

John Wheelock Apr. 

Seth Warren Apr. 

John Wright Apr. 

Daniel White Apr. 

Ephraim Warfield Apr. 



£594 12 06 
Boston March 6. 1760, Errors Excepted. 

Suffolk ss. Boston March 6, 1760, Capt. John Furness made oath that 
the foregoing is a True Roll of a Company under his Command in the 
service of the Province. 

Before me, Jacob Wendell, Just. Pac. 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 97, p. 376. 

In Capt. Timo. Hamant's Co. (Medfield) Expedition against Canada from 
May 4, 1759 to Jan. 2. 1760. 

William Thayer, Lieut May 17 to Dec. 16. 7 mos. 18 days £38 04 03 

Jesse Darling, pr May 8 to Dec. 15. 7 mos. 26 days 14 05 05 

Abner Darling, pr May 8 to Dec. 15. 7 mos. 26 days 14 05 05 

Ralph Hay ward, pr Apr. 27 to Dec. 3. 7 mos. 6 days 

(Gun) s. Benj. 14 04 02 

Edward Trask Apr. 30 to Dec. 16. 8 mos. 17 days 14 17 00 

Ebenezer Thayer May 17 to Nov. 27. 6 mos. 27 days 12 10 09 



2 to Oct. 


19, 


28 vv 


r eeks 5 days, 


12 18 06 


26 to Nov. 


27, 


35 


" 2 " 


15 17 07 


2 to Dec. 


2, 


35 


" " 


15 15 00 


2 to " 


8, 


36 


„ 4 « 


16 09 02 


2 to " 


3, 


35 


<< 1 '! 


15 16 04 


6 to Oct, 


28, 


29 


" 3 " 


13 14 11 


26 to Dec. 


3, 


36 


" 1 " 


16 15 04 


26 to " 


3, 


36 


" 1 " 


16 15 04 


6 to " 


3, 


34 


<< 4 •< 


15 11 02 


2 to " 


7, 


35 


" 5 " 


16 01 06 


2 to Nov. 


29, 


34 


- 4 - 


15 11 02 


2 to Dec. 


3, 


35 


" 1 " 


15 16 04 


6 to Dec. 


4, 


35 


" 5 " 


15 12 06 


2 to Dec. 


7, 


35 


" 5 " 


16 01 06 


2 to Dec. 


3, 


35 


" 1 " 


15 16 04 


6. Deserted. 








2 to Dec. 


4, 


35 


" 2 " 


15 17 07 


6 to July 


14, 


14 


" 2 " 


6 08 07 


6 to Dec, 


8, 


35 


" 2 " 


15 17 07 


6. Deserted. 








2 to Dec. 


3, 


35 


" 1 " 


15 16 04 


6 to Dec. 


7, 


35 


" 1 " 


15 16 04 



Boston Feb. 9. 1760 
Sworn to Before me, 
Muster Rolls, Vol. 97, p. 382. 



£108 07 04 



Timothy Hamant 
Jacob Wendall, Just. Pac. 



1759. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 287 

In Capt. William Jones' Com.-(Holliston) Ex. to Crown Point, from May 
7 1759 to Jan. 4. 1760. 

W. D. 

Ebenezer Cheney, Sergt Apr. 27 to Nov. 26 30 4 £16 09 03 

Stephen Thompson, Corp Apr. 26 to Dec. 10 32 5 15 15 07 

Caleb Cheney pr Apr. 27 to Nov. 27 27 1 12 04 04 

Isaiah Corbett, do May 9 to Nov. 2 25 3 1108 11 

Daniel Davidson, do May 1 to Nov. 2 26 4. 1119 02 

Ichabod Marshall do s. of Josiah Apr. 29 to Nov. 2 26 6 12 0109 

Ichabod Robinson do Apr. 26 Rejected (not found) ser- 
vant to Nathl Nelson. 

Ebenezer Read do Apr. 28 to Nov. 2 27 12 03 00 

Joseph Wheelock do Apr. 27 to Nov. 26 30 4 13 12 12 

£105 14 02 
Boston Feb. 26. 1760. 

Sworn to, Before m. Jacob Wendell, Just. Pac, 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 97, p. 390. 

In Capt. Abijah Hall's Com. (Wreutham) Ex. to Crown Point from May 9 
1759 to Jan. 12. 1760. 

W. D. 

Ebenezer Taft 1st. Lieut May 9 to Dec. 16 31 5 £39 12 06 

Jacob Aldrich, Sergt May 4 to Dec. 10 31 4 16 19 05 

Gideon Aldrich, Corp Apr. 21 to Sept. 26 22 5 10 19 01 

Benj. Blake, pr. (Danl Taft, Guar- 
dian) May 1 to Dec. 10 32 14 08 00 

Stephen Benson, pr., (s. of Benoni) May 9 to Dec. 16 31 5 14 05 06 

Jonas Dyer, pr., May 1 to Dec. 10 32 14 08 00 

ObedRutter, pr., (s. of William). Apr. 22 to Dec. 16 34 15 07 04 

Edward Wood, pr., (s. of James). May 3 to Oct. 5 22 2 10 00 07 

£136 00 05 
' Boston Feb. 23. 1760. 

Sworn to Before me 

Jacob Wendell, Just. Pac. 

The commission of Gov. Pownall to Lieut. Hayward is in- 
serted here as a relic of olden time. The original, of which the 
following is a true copy, was kindly loaned me by Mrs. Ariel 
Cook, a lineal descendant of the Lieutenant: 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 

THOMAS POWNALL, Esq; Captain General and Governor in Chief, in 
and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New-Eng- 
land, and Vice- Admiral of the same &c. 

To Samuel Hayward Gentleman Greeting. 
By Virtue of the Power and Authority in and by His Majesty's Royal 



288 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1760. 

Commission to Me granted to be Captain General, &c over this His Majes- 
ty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay aforesaid I do by these Presents 
(reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loyalty, Courage and good 
Conduct) constitute and appoint You the said Samuel Hayward to be Lieu- 
tenant of the second military foot Company in the Town of Mendon under 
the Command of Captain Samuel Wheel ock in the third Regiment of 
Militia in the Counties of Middlesex and Worcester whereof Artemas Ward 
Esq. is Colonel. 

You are therefore cai'efully and diligently to discharge the Duty of a 
Lieutenant in leading, ordering and exercising said Company in Arms 
both inferior Officers and Soldiers and to keep them in good Order and 
Discipline and they are hereby commanded to obey you as their Lieutenant 
and you are your self to observe and follow such Orders and Instructions, as 
you shall from time to time receive from Me or the Commander in Chief 
for the time being or other your Superior Officers for his Majesty's Service 
according to Military Rules and Discipline pursuant to the trust reposed in 
you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Boston, the Seventeenth Day 
of October, In the thirty third Year of the Reign of His Majesty 
King GEORGE the Second, Annoq; Domini, 175'J. 
By His Excellency's 

Command, 
Tho 8 . Clarke Dp". Secry. T. Pownall. 



1760. March 3. For Selectmen, Oapt. Phinelias Lovett, 
Elder Nathaniel Nelson, Mr. John Fish, Dr. William Jennison 
and Lieut. Samuel Penniman; Town Clerk, Edward Rawson; 
Town Treasurer, Edmond Morse, and Joseph Bruce and Nathan 
Very for Constables. 

Raised £200 for repairing the highways. 

Voted to forego James Eead's rates, provided if the Constable 
" can Git The Rates of said Read he shall pay them back again." 

Alio-. 25. Voted " that the Scholls in Mendon be Divided 
Into Districts as they are Stated for Mending the Highways, this 
Present year, and that Every District Shall have as Much Money 
Appropriated to them for the Use of Schooling as they Pay to 
the School Tax this Present year." 

Aug. 25. Raised £50, lawful money, for schooling, and £100, 
lawful money, including the interest of the school money bonds, 
to defray town charges. The school money bonds were the notes 
of those persons who had bought portions of the school lands. 



1760.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 289 

By the vote above recorded it is seen that the Highway Districts 
and the School Districts were identical, and if but one Surveyor 
of Highways was chosen to a District there were eleven School 
Districts, and Each District drew just the amount of money 
they paid to the appropriation for schools. 

About this time the question of a workhouse, where the poor 
should he kept, began to be mooted; but a motion at this meet- 
ing to build a workhouse passed in the negative, as the phrase 
was in the olden time, when a motion failed to be carried. 

The war with France still continued, and Mendon still contin- 
ued to furnish her quota to the army under Lord Amherst. The 
campaign this year virtually closed the war, so far as America 
was concerned, and the surrender of Montreal, by the Marquis 
de Yaudreuil, completed the conquest of Canada. 

The following copies from the Muster Rolls gives the number 
of men furnished by Mendon, in the campaign for this year: 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 98, p. 279. 

In'Capt. Ebenezer Taft's Co. (Mendon) From Feb. 14 to Dec. 19, 1760 

(120 m. home.) 

w. D. 

Ebenezer Taft. Capt Feb. 14 to Dec 19 44 2 £99 02 10 

Samuel White, Sergt June 11 to Nov. 29 24 4 13 04 08 

Adam White, Drummer June 16 to Nov. 23 23 11 01 10 

Daniel Hill, pr June 1 to Nov. 29 24 4 11 01 02 

Silas Thayer, do June 26 to Nov. 22 22 3 10 01 11 

£145 02 05 
Boston Feb. 12, 1761, Sworn to, Before me 

T. Hubbakd, Jus. Peace. 
Muster Rolls, Vol. 98, p. 302. 

In Capt. Wm. Jones' Com. (Holliston) From Feb. 14 to Dec. 26, 1760 
(120 miles home) 

Ichabod Marshall pr. Apr. 3 to Dec, 3, 35 weeks days £15 15 00 

Boston Feb. 12. 1761. Exd T. Hubbard. 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 98, p. 311. 

In Capt, Timo. Hamant's Com. (Medfield) from Feb. 14 to Dec. 26, 1760 
{one sheet missing) W5 m. home 

W. D. 

Luke Lesure, pr. dead (son of Philip) Mar. 25 to May 15 7 2 £03 06 11 
Ichabod Robinson, pr., servt. to N. 

Nelson Mar. 25 to Nov. 30 35 6 16 02 09 

Moses Ramsdell, pr., dead (son of 

Moses) Mar. 25 to Oct. 10 28 4 12 17 02 

37 



200 



ANNALS OF MEN DON. 



176] 



Joseph Sprague, pr. . 
Stephen Taft. pr 



..Mar. 25 to Dec. 4 
. Mar. 27 to Dec. 4 



36 
36 



16 07 11 
16 05 04 

€64 17 00 

T. HUBBAKD. 



Boston Feb. 10 1780 Ex. 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 98, p. 311. 

In Capt. John Dunlap's Com. (Westboro') from June 10 to Uee 26 1760. 
Nathl. Corbett, pr. June 13 to Dec. 3, 24 weeks 6 days, servant to 

Lem Perham (120 m. home) £11 03 09 

Boston Feb. 10. Ex. T. Hubbard. 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 98, p. 325. 

In Capt. Daniel Reed's Co. (Abington) From Feb. 14 to Dec. 30, 1760. 
Jonathan Shores of Taunton is also set down in the Boll as Captain. 



John Watkins, Sergt. 
Nathan Aldrich do. 
John Holden, do. 
Samuel Morse, Corp. 
Eben r Ammidown pr. 
John Hooper, pr. 
George Thayer, pr. 
Joshua Thornton pr. 



Mar. 14 to Dec. 3 37 6 ( 120 miles home)£20 07 00 



John Watkim 



pr. 



Mar. 14 to Dec. 3 37 6 
Apr. 25 to Dec. 3 31 6 
Mar. 14 to Dec. 3 37 6 
Mar. 14 to Dec. 3 37 6 
Mar. 14 to Dec. 2 37 5 
Mar. 14 to Dec. 3 37 6 



to IchabOd 



s. of David 



20 07 09 

17 03 02 

18 15 02 
17 00 09 

16 19*06 

17 00 09 



Mar. 14 to Dec. 3 37 6 servant to Josiah 

Adams 17 09 00 

Mar. 14 to Dec. 10 38 6 dead, son to Pa- 
tience W 17 09 09 



Boston March 5th. 1761. 
Sworn to before me. 



£162 05 04 
E. E. Daniel Bead. 

T. Hubbard. 



1761. Jan 5. At a town meeting held this day the assessors 
were ordered, by a majority of three votes, to assess the soldiers 
that were out in the last campaign that belong to Mendon, " In 
The Taxes Laid on and Arising in this Town the present 
year." 

Capt. Robert Taft and William Rawson, Esq., entered their 
protests with the Town Clerk that the proceedings were illegal. 

March 2. Selectmen, Benjamin Wheelock, Daniel Chapin, 
Edward Rawson, David Daniels and Samuel Torrey; Town 
Clerk, Edward . Rawson; Town Treasurer, Edmond Morse; 
Constables, Peter Penmman and Joseph Bruce; Joseph Darling 



« 



1761. "I ANNALS OF MENDON. 291 

and Josiah Darling, Deer Reives; John French. Nathl. Nelson. 
Win. Sheffield and Pelatiah Darling, Wardens. 

Raised £150, "to be worked out on the Highways and £35 to 
defray the Charge of the Small Pox In John Gage's Family last 
year." 

May 20. Nathaniel Nelson chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

August 31. Voted " to raise £70 L. M. to defray town 
charges and £30 for Schooling this year: and each District may 
draw out the amount they respectively pay to the amount raised, 
and may expend it for schooling in such manner as they shall 
see fit.' 5 

In case any person came into town to abide therein, the law 
was imperative that the Selectmen should he immediately notified 
by the person who entertained them. Robert Morton and family 
had removed to Mendon, and was residing with Eliphalet Whar- 
lield, and he, having neglected to give notice to the Selectmen. 
the town voted that Lieut. John French, Edmond Morse, Elder 
Nathaniel Nelson, Edward Rawson and Nathan Tyler should be 
a committee " to proceed against the Estate of Eliphalet Whar- 
iield, Dec* for his bringing in Robert Morton and his Family 
and not giving notice to the Selectmen as the law directs, which 
family are now become a Town charge." 

Although the law creating the office of Warden was enacted 
in 17<)0, the town of Mendon had never elected men to that 
office until this year. These Wardens were Overseers of the 
Poor, and formerly were appointed by a Justice of the Peace 
and the Selectmen. It was made their duty, by the law of 1700, 
to govern, inspect and take care of all persons of the same town 
employed at the work house, or sent thither by two Justices of 
the Peace, quorum uiiiis, to be kept at work there, to he held 
and kept strictly to work ; and that all idle and disorderly per- 
sons, and such as do not duly perform such reasonable task or 
stint as shall lie set them, he punished by moderate whipping or 
setting in the stocks. 

Although the whipping post and the stocks are no longer 
invoked in the administration of justice, still, if some means could 
be devised by which the fnt/i/j)* who now patrol the country by 
day and encamp in our poor houses by night, could be held to 



292 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1762. 

the performance of some appropriate labor in exchange for the 
supper, lodging and breakfast, neither party would be the 
worse off. 

Although the French war, so far as America was concerned, 
was virtually ended by the capture of Quebec and Montreal, still 
the war continued between England and France until the treaty 
of peace in 1763. 

The forces which had been raised by the Colonies to aid in the 
conquest of Canada, were not entirely disbanded until the 
declaration of peace in 1763. So far as the muster rolls show, 
however, but few of the Mendon soldiers remained in the field 
after 1760. The following are found on the 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 99, p. 113. 

In Capt. Thomas Cowdine's -Com. (Worcester) in Col. Saltonstall's Reg-, 
from April 18 to Dec. 29, 1761. 
John Darling pr July 1 to Dec. 1. 22 weeks. £9 IS 00 

In Capt, John Dunlap's Com. (Westboro) from May 22. 1701 to Jan. 4. 
1762. 

Samuel Morse, Corp. May 22, 1761 to Jan. 4, 1762 8 mos. 4 days, £15 14 02 
George Thayer, pr. . .May 22, 1761 to Jan. 4, 1762 8 " 4 " 14 13 02 

In the Massachusetts Archives, Court. Vol. 24, p. 92, may be 
found the following petition: 

A Petition of Jacob Aldrich Jr. of Mendon, Setting forth That in the 
year 1758 he Enlisted as a Soldier in the pay of the Province, and carried 
hi* own gun with him, but that being taken sick he was sent to the Hos- 
pital, at Albany, where, being in a debilitated state, he could not take care 
of his gun and so lost it, and praying for an allowance. 

In the II. of Rep. Read and Ordered that the sum of Two pounds be 
paid out of the Public Treasury to Mr. Nathaniel Nelson (Representative 
for the use of the Petitioner in full. 

In Council July 10, 1761 R. & C. 

Consented by the Governor. 



1762. Jan. 25. At a town meeting held this day, Messrs. 
James Sumner, John French and Ebenezer Ohapin were chosen 
a committee "to Reckon with Capt. Phinehas Lovett and make 
a final settlement with him." 

March 1st. ('hose Peter Wheelock, Daniel Sumner, Joseph 
Benson, Capt. Samuel Wheelock and Josiah Adams, Selectmen; 



1702."] ANNALS OF MENDON. 293 

Edward Rawson, Town Clerk; Edniond Morse, Town Treasurer, 
and James Lovett and Joseph Thayer, Constables. 

This year perambulated town lines with Bellingham, Hollis- 
ton, Hopkinton, Upton and Uxbridge. 

Raised £150 "to mend the Highways this year; and that 2s. 
be allowed for a man and 4s. for a man and team per day and 
that the Highway Rate shonhl be made in April/' 

Dr. Joshua Wood was allowed 20s, lawful money, for doctor- 
ing William Dolbear and his widow, in 1761. 

David Daniels "may build a New Pound, Provided lie will 
build it Thirty feet Square and according to law." According 
to law. it is supposed, meant that the pound should be so high 
that no animal could scale its walls, and the rails so close to- 
gether that no animal could escape between them. 

It seems that David Daniels was to build a pound at his own 
charge; and, once before, Ebenezer Chapin had liberty to build 
one, find the land for its site and take care of it for fifteen years, 
without charge to the town. The fees of the pound keeper for 
impounding stray animals, it is supposed, furnished satisfactory 
compensation to those who built the pounds. 

May 15. Oapt. Phinehas Lovett was chosen Representative 
by a majority of one vote. 

Oct. 25. Voted that the Selectmen of Mendon "Shall Lay 
Their Accounts Before The Town for their Acceptance for the 
future." 

Aug. 30. Voted to raise £70, lawful money, to defray town 
charges, and £40 for schooling. 

Voted to give the Town's Old Law Book "to the First Precinct 
in said Mendon for their Future Benefit." Some years before 
this the Old Law Book had been loaned to the Second Precinct 
for their benefit, but for some good reason the town now saw tit 
to reclaim it. 

Some of the soldiers of Mendon still in the service. 

Muster Rolls, Vol. 99, p. 215. 

In Capt. Ebenezer Cox's Com. (Hardwick) from May 4 to Dec. 29. 1762 

Nicholas Trask, pr Mar. 31 to Nov. 13 8 mos. 4 days. £14 13 02 

Edward Trask, " Mar. 31 to Nov. 1 7 " 20 " 13 17 09 

In Capt. Timo. Hamant's Co. (Medway) Nov. 2. 1762 to July 218. 763. 
Aaron Comstock pr. .Nov. 2 4762 to June 9. 1763 7 mos. 7 days, £13 01 00 



294 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1763. 

The treaty of peace with .France secured Canada to the pos- 
session of England, and henceforward the Indians,, who had 
heretofore made frequent and bloody raids upon the frontiers of 
!Sew England, became peaceable and quiet. 



1763. March 7. The town meeting was opened, and Lieut. 
John French was chosen Moderator, and, without any reason 
mentioned, immediately adjourned to March 21, inst. 

March 21. Chose Lieut. John French, Lieut. Josiah Chapin, 
Joseph Allen, Capt. Thomas Wiswall and Benoni Benson, Se- 
lectmen; Edward Bawson, Town Clerk; George Aldrich, Town 
Treasurer, and Moses Aldrich and Benjamin Wheelock, Con- 
stables. 

Voted to build a Work House this year, but' upon further 
consideration — 

Voted " to hire a House for a Work House, in some Conve- 
nient place in town and put it in Bepair fit for That Building;" 1 
and the subject was referred to David Daniels, George Aldrich, 
Ebenezer Chapin, Jasper Daniell and Samuel Torrey to report 
at the next town meeting. 

Voted to raise £90 to repair highways this year. A man to 
have 2s. and a man and team 4s. a day from April 1 to Sept. 30. 

The School Districts, it seems, did not always draw out their 
portions of the school money during the year in which the 
appropriation was made, and, from the following vote, it is sup- 
posed they sought to have interest allowed on the sums which 
had not been drawn from the Treasury; be that as it may, 
the town voted not to allow interest in such cases, intending the 
school money should be expended during the municipal year in 
which it was raised. 

Raised £20, lawful money, "to Provide Stock, Tools and 
Material to Set the Poor at Work and that the rate be made 
forthwith." 

Aug. 29. Baised £70 for town charges and £40 for schooling. 

As no record is found of the choice of a Representative it is 
presumed the town was not represented in the General Court 
this year. 



17(U. I ANNALS OF MENDON. 2!*.") 

1764. March 5. George Keith., Samuel Warren, Capt. Jo- 
seph Daniels, Dr. Samuel Scammell and Noah Cook were chosen 
Selectmen; Edward Rawson, Town Clerk; George Aldrich, 
Town Treasurer, and Ebenezer Holbrook and Moses Aldrich, 
Constables. 

Raised £100 for mending highways this year. 

Voted " to pay a debt for Oliver Hay ward to Dr. Corbett 14)011 
a Note, of the sum of two pounds, which Note Corbett hath now 
against him." it will lie remembered that the town, as trustees, 
held the estate of Oliver Hayward for the support of himself 
and family. 

Voted to raise £20 to hire a house and buy materials " to set 
the Poor to work on.*' 

Voted to buy a book for the Selectmen to keep the- town's 
account in for the future. 

May 23.. Chose Joseph Dorr, Jr., Representative of the 
General Court, which, after being prorogued by Gov. Bernard, 
from month to month, was finally called to meet at Concord. 
The General Court held that the Court, should have been held 
at Boston, and they denied the right of the Governor to change 
the place of meeting. 

Aug. 30. Raised £60 for schooling and £40, lawful money, to 
defray town charges for the present year. 

A list of jurors were accepted, and ordered to be put in the 
jury box. 

The Selectmen who served last year were voted twelve shillings 
each, " tho there was Nothing in the Warrant for That busi- 
ness." 

Pursuant to a vote of the town the Selectmen made the fol- 
lowing return: 

The Names of Persons that have been Warned out of Mendon. 
John Wilson, Sarah his wife and two children from Wrentham; William 
Froleigh and his son Hezekiah from Boston; Charles Phillips from West- 
terly, in the Colony of R. I.; Zebulun Swift, his wife Rebecka and eight 
children from Bellingham; Mary Bolster, from Uxbridge; Nathan Free- 
man, his wife Anne and one child from Bellingham; Mary Eames, from 
Hopkinton; Benjamin Head, from Uxbridge; Stephen Powers, his wife 
and one child, from Grafton; Benjamin Blake, his wife Sarah and one 
Child, from Uxbridge. These in 1763. Isaac Bates', Martha, his wife and 
lour children, viz: Olive Bates, Lucretia Bates, Laban Bates and Micah 



296 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1764. 

Bates from Bellingham ; Robert Taft, Deborah, his wife and six children, 
viz: Elizabeth, Dorothy, Mary and Hannah, their Daughters, Lovett their 
son and Abigail their Daughter. 

John French, ] 
Josiah Chapin, ! Selectmen 
Joseph Allan, f of Mendon. 
Benoni Benson, J 

Attest, Edward Rawson, Town Clerk. 

"Mass. Archives, Miscellaneous, 1048 to 1775, p. 2o2. 

Worcester ss. Whereas his Excellency, the Governor (Bernard) by his 
order to me directed, that the Great and General Court did, on the second 
day of February last pass an Order " That the Select Men of each Town 
and District in this Province, to be chosen for the year 1764, do, as soon as 
conveniently may be, take an exact Account of the Number of Dwelling 
Houses, Families and Poeple in their respective Towns and Districts, 
agreeable to the Schedule thereto annexed," and hath required me forth- 
with to make out a precept directed unto the Select Men of each respective 
town or District within my Precinct requiring to Take an exact account of 
the Number of Dwelling Houses, Families and Poeple as aforesaid and to 
return the same unto the Secretary's Office on or before the last day of De- 
cember next. 

In Observance of the said Order to me directed, 

These are to will and require you, as soon as conveniently may be, to 
take an Account of the Number of Dwelling Houses, Families and Poeple 
within Your Town, including as well Indians civilized, Negroes and Mo- 
lattos, as White Poeple and Females as well as Males, distinguishing them 
in the form, as on the other side hereof, agreeable to the said Order of the 
Great and General Court: And make Return of this Precept to me, so that 
the same may be transmitted into the Secretary's Office, on or before the 
last Day of December next. Hereof you are not to fail. 

Given under my hand and seal, at Worcester, the sixth of August, In 
the Fourth Year of his Majesty's Reign, Annoq. Domini 1764. 

Gaud" Chandler, Sheriff. (L. S.) 
To the Selectmen of the Town of Mendon, Greeting. 

MENDON. 

Houses 284 

Families 336 

White Poeple under Sixteen years Males, 466 

do do " do do Females, 425 

White Poeple above do do Males, 441 

do do " do do Females, 497 

Negroes and Molattoes Males, 5 

do " do Females, 4 

Indians 






1765. j ANNALS OF MENDON. 297 

French Neutrals under Sixteen years Males, 1 

do do " do do Females, 2 

French Neutrals, above do do Males, 1 

do do " do do Females, 1 

Pursuant to the above Precept, We have taken an Exact account of the 
Number of Dwelling Houses, Families andPoeple in the Town of Mendon, 
and do Certify that the foregoing Schedule contains a True and exact 
Account of the same. 
Dated in Mendon aforesaid the Seventeenth Day of December, 1764. 

Geo. Keith, "1 

Samuel Warren, | Selectmen 
Noah Cook, V 

Samuel Scammell, | of Mendon. 
Joseph Daniels. J 



1765. March 4. Selectmen, Ens. Eben r Chapin; Ens. Samuel 
Torrey, Lieut. Benjamin Wheelock and Peter Penniman; Town 
Clerk, Edward Rawson; Town Treasurer, George Aldrich, and 
Samuel Warren and Joseph Bruce, Constables. 

May 20. Although but two school houses had, as yet, been 
built in the town (one in the First Precinct and one in the 
Second), and although nine of the eleven School Districts were 
without school houses, still the town, at this meeting, voted they 
would build no more. 

Chose Joseph Dorr, Jr., Representative to the General Court. 

Aug. 26. Raised £40 for defraying town charges and £40 for 
schooling. 

Voted to build a new pound thirty feet square and seven feet 
high, and to be set on the Training Field, the location to be 
designated by the Selectmen. 

Lieut. John French, George Aldrich and James Sumner were 
chosen a committee to build said pound, and were instructed as 
follows, viz: — 

" To Build said Pound with sufficient large Stones six feet high and then 
put on a Chestnut Logg hewn one foot square and Locked in the Corners, 
and make a Good Gate and Mortis the Studs into the Loggs that are to be 
laid on said wall : and Build Said Pound at the Cheapest Lay or Rate it can 
be done, and Lay all the Charge of Building Before the Town, when said 
Pound is Finished For the Town's Acceptance." 

With instructions so full as these, the committee would be 
under no necessity to consult an engineer or architect. 

38 



298 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1765. 

To defray the cost of the pound, the town raised and appro- 
priated the sum of £4, lawful money. 

Some years hef ore this time Abraham Fletcher leased a portion 
of the Ministry land for twenty years, conditioned to clear it and 
subdue the bushes. In the meantime he had died, and the 
probability is that his heirs found the bargain a hard one; and, 
at this meeting, the town released them from all obligations 
under the lease. 

Voted that the Selectmen for 1764 shall have two dollars for 
their services. 

The Stamp Act became a law on the 22d clay of March of this 
year. In August, Andrew Oliver was appointed a Distributor of 
Stamps for Massachusetts, and on the 8th of the same month he 
was hung in effigy from a limb of the Liberty Tree, which stood 
at the corner of Washington and Essex streets, in Boston. This 
was followed, on the 26th, by the sack of Lieut. Gov. Hutchin- 
son's house. From this time excitement ran high, not only in 
Massachusetts, but through all the Colonies. 

Oct. 14. A town meeting was legally warned in Menclon to 
consider the subject of the Stamp Act and some part of Gov- 
ernor Bernard's speech. 

Nathan Tyler, Esq., was chosen Moderator. 

1. Voted to Give Mr. Dorr Jr. the Representative of said Town, Instruc- 
tions Respecting his Conduct at the Great and General Court, Relating to 
the Stamp Act and some part of the Governors Speech. 

2. The Town voted to stand by the Charter Privelidges. 

3. Voted that they would not comply with the Stamp Act. 

4. Voted they would not make any Compensation to the sufferers in 
Boston by Mobbs. 

5. Voted to choose a Committee of Five men to draw up and put the 
Town's Instructions in order for the Representative : — The five men chosen 
were Edward Rawson, James Sumner, Ichabod Ammidown, Peter Pcnni- 
man and Joseph Johnson. 

This committee undoubtedly furnished the Kepresentative 
with instructions pursuant to the above vote, but as they were 
not recorded, we can only judge of their tenor by supposing that 
the committee were in full sympathy with the sentiment of the 
meeting. 

STATE PAUPERS. 

Mass. Archives, Miscellaneous. 



1765.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 299 



To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq. Capt. General and Governor in 
Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New- 
England and Vice Admiral of the same and to the Honourable his Majesty's 
Council at Boston October y e 23d. 1765. 

The Select men of Mendon in the County of Worcester humbly show to 
your Excellency and Honours that one John Cole, A Regular Soldier (as 
he says) as he was on his journey from Boston to New York with his wife 
and two children, on the twenty ninth day of July last, was Taken Sick, 
in This Town of Mendon, of a fever, and he, being a poor person, made 
Application to us for Relief in his sickness for things Necessary for him- 
self and for support for his Family; and that he was supported by us, at 
the expense of this Town both himself and family Twenty One Days: and 
he and his family being Transient Persons, not belonging to any Town 
within this Province, We your Humble Petitioners pray that the expense 
we have been at for him in his sickness and for supporting his family may 
be allowed a Province Charge by your Excellency and Honours and pray 
that we may be allowed the same; as soon as he recovered he leftsd Town. 

The Accompt in Particular is as Followeth, 
Paid John Rawson for Providing a house and bedding and for 

Sundries he found them £2 14 00 

Paid Dr. Thomas Steel for Doctoring him in his Sickness 1 05 04 

For providing Necessaries for him and for fetching the Doctor, 

sundry times, which we did ourselves 12 00 

£4 11 04 
A True Accompt Errors Excepted. 

Ebenezer Chapin, ] 
Benjamin Wheelock, | Selectmen 
Samuel Torrey, V of 

Josiah Wheelock, | Mendon. 
Peter Penniman. J 

Mendon August y e 19. 1765 The Town of Mendon to John Rawson Dr. 
To Nursing John Cole & Boarding his Wife and two Children and 
finding them House room and bedding and necessaries for him- 
self when sick & for his wife and Children, at 2s. lid. pr. Day 

for 21 days £2 14 00 

A True account Errors Excepted, pr. John Rawson. 

August y e 19, 1765. Then Rec d the above Accompt of the Selectmen of 
Mendon, I say 

pr. me. John Rawson. 

The Selectmen of Mendon to Thomas Steel Dr. for John Cole. 

1765 July 31. To Visit. Spt. nit dul. Tine, croc camphorata £ 2 03 

Aug. 1. " do. Emet. & cathart. Syr. croc. &c 2 08 

2. " do. Elect. Pectoral. Lac. ammon &c 3 04 

" 3. " do. Pulv. febrif. Spt, nit. dul 2 02 

" 4. " do. Haust, Purg. Elix. asthmat. Lac. ammon 

&c 3 00 



300 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1766. 

Aug. 6. To Visit Cardiac Julep 1 03 

" 7. "do. Spt. nit. dul. Pulv. febrif 2 00 

" 9. "do. Rasur. C. C. Icthyocol. Ball. Polychrest. 3 08 

" 10. " do. Ingred. Corrobrat 2 00 

"13. " do. Pil. coch. G ra Man. Emet. Venae Sect... 3 00 



£1 5 04 
Menclon Feb. 3. 1766. Then rec d of the above sd. Selectmen this Ac- 

conipt in full. Thomas Steel. 

Feb. 12. 1766. This account, by order of the Hon bI . Col. Lincoln hath 

been perused & examined by me the Subscriber and the same I judge to be 

reasonable. 

W. Brattle. 



1766. March 3. Selectmen, David Daniels, Ebenezer 
Chapin, Samuel Torrey, Gershom Nelson and Benoni Benson. 

Voted to raise £150 to mend the highways this year. 

Voted to allow Abigail Wheat £1.18.08, being the amount 
which the Selectmen took into their hands in 1764, when she 
became a town charge. It is not often that paupers pay their 
way and have a balance in their favor. 

Voted to grant £3 towards building the bridge over the river 
at Wilson's Mill, (now Millville). This was probably from the 
island to the west bank of the river, as before this the town had 
refused to build one there. 

" Voted that the Highway Rates shall be made in the month of April 
next and Committed to the Constables to Collect, but not to begin their 
Collection until the 15th. day of October next following, and that each 
Surveyor shall have a copy of his respective District Rates, and each of the 
Inhabitants shall have liberty to work his respective proportion of sd As- 
sessment, Provided he or they shall faithfully work out the one half of his 
proportion of said Assessment before the last day of June next, at such 
place, on the Highways, where his respective Surveyor shall order him, at 
3 shillings per day for a man with suitable tools for said work, and 3 shil- 
lings per day for a team of 3 cattle and cart: And the other half by the 
15th. day of October next, at 2s. 6d. per day for a man and 2s. 6. per day 
for a Team as aforesaid, and that a receipt from his respective Surveyor 
shall be accepted by the Constable for his proportion of said Assessment or 
any part thereof: And that the Assessors shall deliver a Warrant to the 
Constables to gather the sum of Said Rate Bills on or before the first day of 
January next and pay the money that shall be gathered into the Town 
Treasury, and that the same be drawn out and paid to the Surveyors, by 



1766.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 301 

order of the Selectmen, to pay for what they shall hire in lieu of those that 
are delinquent & do not procure receipts of their Respective Surveyors." 

May 26. Chose Joseph Dorr, Jr., Representative to the 
General Court, he having 112 votes, and Elder Nathaniel Nel- 
son 44 votes. 

Voted that they would not build, but would hire a work- 
house this year. 

July 7. At a town meeting held this day, it is recorded that 
the town brought in their votes for a Register for the County of 
AVorcester, but for whom or how many votes were cast does not 
appear on the record. 

Voted they would have no more Pounds than one, even 
though " Perticular Persons should build them at their own 
charge." 

Aug. 25. Raised £30 for town charges and £30 for schooling. 

Voted "that the Representative of this Town may act dis- 
cretionary at the Great and General Court, Respecting the Suf- 
ferers in Boston." 

The sufferers in Boston were Mr. Story, the Deputy Register, 
whose office was broken open, and from whence the records of 
the Vice Admiralty Court were taken and burnt; Mr. Hallo- 
well, the Comptroller of the Customs, whose house was ravaged, 
and Lieut. Gov. Hutchinson, whose house was ransacked and 
whose furniture and plate was thrown into the street. 

After many discussions in the General Court, a bill of indem- 
nity for the sufferers was passed in December by a vote of 53 to 
35, but in which bill was incorporated a full and free pardon to 
the rioters. 

Sept. 1. At a town meeting this day it was voted " to Recon- 
sider the vote passed at the last meeting, relative to Mr. Joseph 
Dorr, present Representative, acting discretionary at the Great 
and General Court, Relating to the Sufferers in Boston." This 
vote left the Representative instructed to vote against the in- 
demnity bill which had been offered in the General Court. 

Copies of this bill were directed to be sent to all the towns, 
and, 

Oct. 27, the town of Mendon passed the following vote: — 

That with regard to those Gentlemen who suffered by said disturbance 
on the 26th of August A. D. 1765, upon application of said Sufferers to 



302 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1767. 

the General Assembly, in a parliamentary way, the Representative of the 
said Town of Mendon be directed and is hereby accordingly directed, in his 
best discretion, to use his influence that such losses be made up, as far as 
may be, in a manner the most Loyal respecting his Majesty and the most 
Constitutional and Safe with Respect to the Just Rights and Privilidges of 
British Subjects. 

Dec. 24. Then it was put to vote "to See if the Town would 
vote off the Easterly Precinct, according to the bounds thereof, 
to be a Separate Town by Themselves," and there was but one 
hand held up. 

The motion to allow the said Precinct to become a District 
was negatived by ten votes. 

THE SOUTH PRECINCT. 

Colony Laws, 1762 to 1770, Vol. II, p. 304. 

By a vote of the General Court, passed Nov. 8, 1766, the 
south part of the First Precinct in Mendon was made a separate 
Precinct by the name of the South Precinct. Nathan Tyler 
was to call the first meeting. 

BOUNDS OF THE SOUTH PRECINCT. 

Beginning at the SW. corner of Mendon, then on Uxbridge 3 miles 128 
rods to stake and stones (:!:) on Capt. Daniel Taft's farm; thence turning 
and running E 8° S to stake and stones ( : ! :) by road leading from Thomas 
Taft's to John Boyce's; continuing the same course to a (:!:) by road lead- 
ing from Dam Swamp to Ens. Benjamin Darling's; continuing the same 
course to a (:!:) on the east side of Rehoboth road, S of Darius Daniels' 
orchard, then the same course to a pine tree at Bellingham line, with 
Daniel Taft's and Joseph Day's farms on the N. side of Line. 

This Precinct has since become the Town of Blackstone. 



I767. PETITION OF THE EAST PRECINCT. 

Court, Vol. 26, p. 355. 

Feb. 3. 1767. A Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Eastwardly Pre- 
cinct in Mendon Setting forth That they have been set off as a Precinct 
about twenty-five years, but find it very inconvenient for them by reason of 
their distance and other reasons to remain a part of said Town and praying 
that they with their Lands and Estates may be erected into a separate Dis- 
trict, agreeable to the boundaries of said Precinct and that they may be 
assigned to them their proportionable part of the Ministry Land and Money 
and Town Stock of Arms and Ammunition. 



1767.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 303 



In the House of Representatives Ordered that the Petitioners notify the 
Town of Mcndon, by serving the Town Clerk with a copy thereof, to shew 
cause, if any they have, on the last Tuesday of this instant February why 
the prayer should not be granted. 

In Council Read and Concurred. 

Feb. 16. Then the Town voted unanimously to Send Reasons into the 
Great and General Court to Shew Cause why the Prayer of the Petition of 
the Inhabitants of the Easterly Precinct in Mendon should not be granted. 

Then, by a vote, chose Nine men for a Committee to draw up the Town's 
reasons, in the Town's behalf. The men choseu were Messrs. Edmond 
Morse, Edward Rawson, John French, Joseph Benson, William Torrey, 
Benoui Benson, George Aldrich, William Sheffield and Peter Penniman. 

Then the town, by a vote, chose Edward Rawson, Samuel Green and 
William Sheffield for a Committee or Agents for the Town of Mendon, to 
carry in the Town's Reasons into the Great & General Court and make 
answer to a petition of a Number of the Inhabitants of the Easterly Pre- 
cinct in said Town and Shew Cause in the Town's behalf why the Prayer 
thereof should not be granted. 

Feb. 24. 1767. A Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Easterly Precinct 
in Mendon, praying to be erected into a separate District as entered the 3d. 
day of February inst. 

In Council Read again together with the answer, and Ordered that Jere- 
miah Powell Esq. with such as the House shall join be a Com. to take said 
Petition into Consideration, hear the parties and report. 

In H. of R. R. & C. and Capt. Sherman and Capt. Farley are joined in 
the affair. 

Feb. 25. Jesse Penniman, Nathan Tyler & others, George Aldrich & 
others and Samuel Aldrich pray to be set off from the E. Precinct to the 
Town of Mendon, and their petitions are referred to the above Com. 

In Council May 4. 1767 Ordered that the Pet. of sundry Inhabitants of 
the East Precinct in Mendon together with the petitions of J. Penniman, 
N. Tyler, G. Aldrich and Aaron Aldrich of said Mendon, with the papers 
accompanying the same, be referred to the next session of this Court. 

March 6. 1767. The following Order passed on the Petition from Men- 
don which was recommitted the 4th inst. viz : — 

In Council the Com. appointed upon the within petition reported that 
they had heard the parties and well considered the matter prayed for, and 
that, upon the whole, they were of opinion the Petition ought to be dis-. 
missed. Therefore Resolved that the said Petition be dismissed accord- 
ingly. 

In the H of R. R & C. 

March 2d. Chose Aaron Thayer, Ichabod Thayer, Benjamin 
Staples, Peter Darling and William Sheffield, Selectmen; Ed- 



304 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1767. 

ward Rawson, Town Clerk; George Aldrich, Town Treasurer; 
and Joseph Bruce and Benoni Benson, Constables. 

Voted not to build or hire a work house this year. 

Voted to accept the new Pound in the place it is now built. 
By a former vote it was to be located on the Training Field, 
between the present barn of Albert W. Gaskill and the house 
of Austin A. Taft. John and Thomas Legg were allowed 
£5.17.04 for building it. 

Voted "to pass over the article in the Warrant to see whether 
the Town would make the Country Road from Dr. Thomas 
Steel's to Uxbridge line, or to make the Bridge over the Great 
River by Wilson's Mill, a town charge for the future." 

May 21. Chose Joseph Dorr, Jr., Representative to the 
General Court, to represent the town of Mendon at the Court 
House, in Boston, on the last Wednesday in May current. 

Voted "to help the Inhabitants that Live near to Israel Wil- 
son's Mills respecting the Charge of the Bridge for the future." 

The subject of setting off the East Precinct into a separate 
town or district was again brought before the town, and, upon 
motion made to that effect, it was voted not to set off the said 
Precinct. The vote being scrupled the house was divided by 
the Moderator, and, upon a count, it was found that there were 
57 in the affirmative and 64 in the negative. 

The Selectmen were voted two dollars each as pay for their 
services for the year. 

Lieut. Ichabod Ammidown, it will be remembered, some years 
before this had hired the burying yard of the town, and as some 
doubts had been raised whether he had fulfilled all the con- 
ditions of his lease, Edmond Morse, Edward Rawson and John 
Tyler were chosen a committee to treat with Lieut. Ichabod 
Ammidown " to See whether he had kept close to his Agreement 
with the Town of Mendon Respecting the Burying Place. " 

At this date the British Parliament were endeavoring to 
establish their claim to tax the Colonies without their consent. 
The Stamp Act had been repealed, as well as duties on all other 
articles except tea. 

Upon this fact becoming known the leading merchants of 
Boston, in which they were joined by the great mass of the 
people, entered into an agreement that they would not sell or 



1768.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 305 

use any article upon which the British Parliament should lay a 
duty. 

Sept. 7. The town voted to concur with the Town of Boston 
in the foregoing agreement. 

Voted to raise £00 for schooling, including the interest of the 
school bonds in the sum. 

Raised £00 to defray town charges. 

ANABAPTIST CERTIFICATE. 

To the Assessors of Mendon, Gent. men. 

These may Enform you that Joseph Darling doth usually attend the 
public worship of God with us and we believe he is conscienciously of our 
opinion & that he doth belong to us. 

Bellingham July 23. 1767. 

Hezekiah Herenden ) Signed by 3 of the principal mem- 
Hezekiaii Cook >■ hers of the Anabaptist Church in 

Samuel Scott ) Bellingham, South End. 

Copy Examined, Attest, James Sumner, Town Clerk. 



1768. March y e 7. Peter Wheelock, Ensign Samuel Torrey, 
Benoni Benson, Luke Aldrich and Joseph Penniman were 
chosen Selectmen; James Sumner, Town Clerk; George Aldrich. 
Town Treasurer, and Samuel Warren and Jonathan Wheeleck, 
Constables. 

May 10. Voted that the South Precinct in Mendon have the 
privilege of building a pound in said precinct, at their own cost, 
and ''to be Stoiled the Town Pound." 

Joseph Dorr, Esq., James Sumner and Dr. William Jennison 
were chosen a committee "to Give Reasons to the General Court 
why the Lancaster Petition Should not be Granted, with Respect 
to one half the Courts for the County of Worcester being held at 
Lancaster." 

It was tried by a vote of said Town whether the town would 
send a person or persons to Represent them in the Great and 
General Court of this Province, and the town made no choice. 

Aug. 29. Raised £60 for schooling, and allowed the accounts 
of Dr. Daniel Hews and Dr. John Corbett for doctoring Oliver 
Hayward. 

June 27. In a settlement with some of the Selectmen there 
39 



306 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1769 

was found due from Joseph Benson II which was carried in the 
statement as £2 5s., old tenor, thus showing that the paper 
money of the Province had become so far depreciated that £2 5s. 
was only worth one dollar in silver. 

Leicester Sept. 5. 1768 
This may Certify To all Poeple to Whome it may Concern That Josiah 
Ball of Mendon doth Belong to the Anabaptist Church of Christ in Leices- 
ter Under the Pastoral Care of Elder Thomas Green and he Does Usually 
& Frequently Attend the Anabaptist meeting and he desires the Liberty the 
Law Gives in being Cleared from Payiug of Rates for the Support of those 
of other Principles. 

We who are chosen by the Church to give Certificates to such. 

Thomas Green, 
Thomas Holman, 
Samuel Green. 
Copy examined, pr. James Sumner, Town Clerk. 

Sept. 19. A motion to sell the Ministry land was again passed 
in the negative, as was also a motion to divide the Ministry 
money and bonds (notes for land already sold) equally among the 
three precincts. 

Raised £100 to defray town charges the present year. 



1769. March 6. For Selectmen, Lieut. Benjamin Wheelock, 
Dr. William Jennison, Benoni Benson, Lieut. Calvin Smith and 
Ensign Samuel Torrey; Town Clerk, James Sumner; Town 
Treasurer, George Aldrich, and Peter Penniman and Samuel 
Warren for Constables. 

It seems there was much difference of opinion in regard to 
disposing of the Ministry land, for although a vote was passed at 
the last meeting not to sell the Ministry land, it was now voted 
to sell the Ministry land and meadow, not already sold, to the 
highest bidder or bidders, the principal to be kept in bank (at 
interest) forever and the interest to be paid annually for and 
toward the support of a Congregational minister or ministers 
that have been or may hereafter be settled in said town. Nathan 
Tyler, Esq., James Stunner and Pelatiah Darling were chosen a 
committee to sell the lands and also authorized, in behalf of the 
town, to make and execute a lawful deed or deeds to convey the 
same. 



1769.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 307 

It was also voted to divide the interest money arising from the 
Ministry lands already sold, or that may hereafter be sold, 
equally among the three precincts. 

REV. JOSEPH WILLARD, FIFTH MINISTER. 

April 14, 1767. Mr. Dorr, being now well stricken in years, 
and of infirm health, gave his consent to the choice of a colleague, 
as will be seen by the following proposals made to the Precinct, 
and which proposals were duly accepted: 

Mendon April y e 14th. Anno Dom. 1767 
To the First Precinct in Mendon, in Precinct meeting assembled by ad- 
journment. 

Whereas the Precinct at their meeting on the 6th. instant Chose a Com- 
mittee to confer with me and to see what sum I would accept of annuall}' 
during my Natural Life and to report to the Precinct at their adjournment, 
the said Committee having attended that Service and desiring me to Give in 
my Proposals to the Precinct in writing: I have Duly Considered the Same 
and accordingly Propose as follows, viz. Considering the difficulty you 
Labour under and to preserve Peace aMong you and to enable and encour- 
age you to proceede with Unanimity and Chearfulness to the Settlement of 
another Gospell minister, I find in myself a freedom to accept of the sum 
of Thirteen Pounds, Six Shillings and Eight pence, Lawful Money, Annu- 
ally, During my Natural Life, tho at the same time, as my Worldly Estate 
is small, Labour dear and I am unable by reason of my great age and In- 
firmitees to manage my affairs to advantage, I am apprehensive that said 
sum will fall short of a Necessary Support, yet Considering the Long Term 
of years I have Laboured among you in the Gospel of Christ, I am Per- 
suaded, my Brethren, you will not See me suffer with Extreem want. I 
can therefore Trust in the Providence of God and Rely on your Generosity 
for what further support may be neeessary : Now that the Spirit of Wis- 
dom may rest upon you to Direct you and succeede you in all your Im- 
portant Transactions, and that the Redeemer's Kingdom may be Advanced 
and Abundantly flourish in this place is the Sincere Desire and Prayer of 

your Servant in Christ. 

Joseph Dorr. 

Post-Script. Upon the Precinct Accepting this Proposal, that I Acquit 
the Precinct from my whole Stated Salary when they shall Improve another 
Minister in the Service with me. 

June y e 27, 1767, a Mr. Balch was hired to preach two or 
three months by 22 votes. He afterward was settled over the 
South Parish, now Blackstone. 

March 11, 1768. There was an article in the warrant for a 



308 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1769. 

precinct meeting, to see if they would hire Mr. Messenger to 
preach beyond the four Sabbaths already agreed for, and, upon 
this article, it was voted " not to act upon it." 

At a precinct meeting held March 8, 1769, the nineteenth day 
of April next was appointed for the ordination of Mr. Willard, 
Mr. Edmond Morse offering "to dine the Council and ordained 
Ministers, Gentlemen of Liberal Education and Mr. Willard's 
Relations after the Ordination was over, upon his own cost and 
charge." 

This decision of the Precinct was arrived at after a Mr. Mes- 
senger, a Mr. Penniman and Mr. Willard had been heard as can- 
didates, Mr. Willard being chosen by "Thirty written votes" 
majority. From the Precinct Records, we learn that the con- 
tract with Mr. Willard was made two days before his ordination, 
as follows, viz: 

Mendon First Precinct April y e 17. 1769. 
We, the Subscribers, being chosen a Committee to agree with Mr. Joseph 
Willard in the Precinct's behalf, Relating to his Settlement and Sallary so 
long as he shall Carry on the work of the Gospel Ministry in said Precinct, 
Do, in behalf of sd. Precinct, agree with sd. Mr. Joseph Willard to give 
him one hundred thirty and three pounds six shillings and eight pence, one 
half part thereof to be paid to him in one year from the time that his call 
was completed which will commence on the sixteenth day of November 
next in the year 1770, as an encouragement to settle among us in the Ministry. 
And also to pay him annually from the Nineteenth day of April Current, 
the sum of Sixty pounds Lawful Money, and the Interest of the Ministry 
money and Lands belonging to this Precinct, for his stated Salary so long 
as he shall Carry on the work of the ministry among us in this Precinct, 
agreeable to said Precinct's votes on record Nov. y e 16. 1768 and February 
y e 6. 1769 and March ye 8th. 1769, and Provided Mr. Willard should be 
taken off from his Ministerial Labours a mong us by sickness or any other 
Providence, in that case we will viz. that the sd Precinct will do what is or 
shall be Judged Just according to the Rules of the Gospel. 

In witness whereof we hereunto Set our Hands the Day and year above 
written. 

Nathan Tyler 1 

Edward Rawson | 

Joseph Dorr V Committee. 

John Albee 

Caleb Taft. J 

To the above written Agreement I, the Subscriber, do concur. 

Josep Willard. 

The Rev. Mr. Dorr died March 9, 1768, and Joseph Dorr, 



1769.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 309 

Esq., was the executor of his will. The length of Mr. Dorr's 
ministry was fifty-two years. At his decease, the Precinct was 
indebted to him in the sum of £31.2.7, and which was paid to 
the executor April 10, 1770. 

As early as 1771, discontent began to show itself in the Pre- 
cinct, by the number whose ministerial taxes were foregone, and 
by an action brought by Thomas Taft against the Precinct As- 
sessors. 

March 13, 1777. This day Rev. Joseph Willard, being pres- 
ent, freely gave ten pounds to the First Parish toward the war. 

Oct. 19, 1778. At a Precinct meeting a motion was made to 
dismiss Mr. Willard from his pastoral relation with the Precinct, 
but the motion failed. A motion was then made and carried to 
give Rev. Joseph Willard three hundred pounds "to case his 
grievances the present year." So the meeting broke up without 
acting on any other of the articles in the warrant or being dis- 
solved by said Precinct properly. Edward Rawson, Levi Rawson 
and James Lovett, the Clerk of the Precinct, entered their pro- 
test against the proceedings, but without assigning reasons. 

Nov. 2. It was voted " to recall all the votes Passed on the 1 9th 
of October Respecting raising Mr. Joseph Willard's Sallery. Then 
it was further voted further not to act any other matter or thing 
respecting Mr. Joseph Willard's Sallery, and so they rapt it up, 
and the meeting was Desolved." 

The troubles with Mr. Willard, supposed to have arisen prin- 
cipally from the difficulty of raising his salary, were now, for a 
while, held in abeyance, as we find that, Jan. 23, 1780, the Pre- 
cinct voted to raise twelve hundred pounds for Rev. Mr. Wil- 
lard's support for the present year. This was undoubtedly in 
the depreciated Continental currency of the day, as in 1781, they 
raised sixty pounds of the new emission of this Commonwealth 
for Mr. Willard's support the present year. In 1781 sixty 
pounds "in hard money" was raised. It seems his salary for 
1780 Avas not yet paid or collected, as Jan. 15, 1782 they voted 
that the sixty pounds for 1780 should be assessed with the sixty 
pounds for 1782. 

The difficulties in the Precinct finally culminated in the dis- 
missal of Mr. Willard, Dec. 4, 1782, when the Precinct, in con- 
currence with the church, accepted the result of the council 



310 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1769. 

recommending the dismission of Mr. Willard. On the same day 
the Precinct chose Ezra Whitney, Esq., of Douglass, Capt. 
►Samuel Warren, of Milford, and James Hawes, Esq., of West- 
borough, as arbitrators "to settle all pecuniary matters between 
the Eev. Joseph Willard and the First Parish in Mendon." 

The choice of arbitrators did not succeed in effecting a settle- 
ment with Mr. Willard, as we find, soon after, that he brought 
an action against the Parish (precinct) for the arrears of salary 
claimed to be due him. Aug. 14, 1783, the parish voted to de- 
fend the suit, and Capt. Peter Penniman, Capt. John Tyler and 
Levi Rawson were chosen a committee for that purpose. The 
Precinct Records furnish no information in regard to the suit of 
Mr. Willard, except that Sept. 3, 1785, it was voted to raise 
£16.10 to discharge Peter Wheelock's execution against the Pre- 
cinct, and that the committee give orders to those persons "that 
paid in the average that was made to discharge the execution 
that Mr. Willard had against the Inhabitants." 

May 22. Mr. Edward Rawson was chosen and deputed to rep- 
resent the town at the Great and General Court of the Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay for the ensuing year. 

The controversy about the road between the. land of Deacon 
Edward Rawson and land improved by the Widow Mary Dorr 
(relict of Rev. Joseph Dorr), whether it be shut up or remain 
open down to Muddy Brook, was still unsettled. Having been 
shut, it was now voted that it should be opened. This road 
divided the lands now owned by Homer W. Darling and James J. 
Nutter. 

The poll tax for the year 1768 was 3s. 8d., as we find that 
Israel Wilson's rate was foregone to that amount, he being rated 
for one poll which he had not. 

It seems the road from Jacob Aldrich's, Jr., to Uxbridge line 
had been complained of to the Grand Jury, and, at this meeting, 
the town refused to raise any money to amend the same. 

Aug. 28. Raised £40, lawful money, to defray town charges, 
and £60, lawful money, including the interest accruing from the 
school notes, for schooling. 

The town again refused to raise any money to repair the road 
leading from Jacob Aldrich's to Uxbridge line. 

The Selectmen of 1768 were allowed 12s. each for their services. 



1770. | ANNALS OF MENDON. .*> 1 1 

Sept. 14, 1708, the Rev. Balch was settled over the South 

or Third Parish, which had been incorporated in 1766, at a salary 
of £100 a year, to which private persons made an addition of 
£20 a year, " to be paid in Provisions and other Necessaries of 
Life, to continue until he should have a Farm, and then to be 
done in Labour on his Farm till the Parish should raise his Sal- 
ary to £50 L. M." 

Soon after his settlement, however, according to a pamphlet 
published by "an Inhabitant of said parish and printed in Bos- 
ton in 1773," troubles began to occur in the Parish. Mr. Balch 
demanded that his wood should be given him and brought to his 
door. This demand, so the pamphlet says, "was so extraordin- 
ary that it was very dissatisfactory to some of the principal In- 
habitants, by Means of which there arose some Discourse between 
him and them, in which they say he said many Things they 
look upon not reconsileble with Truth." From this time, dur- 
ing his ministry, there was but little concord between him and 
the Parish. His ministry closed in 1773. The pamphlet says: 

" On Saturday Morning March 27. 1773 before it was Light (as it after- 
ward appeared) Mr. Balch went off, carrying away one of his Children with 
him, and on Monday following he sent Teems to carry off his Goods to 
Dedham, having sold his House and Land to a Quaker." 



1770. March 5. Chose for Selectmen, Capt. Silas Wheel ock 
James Sumner, Ens. Peletiah Darling, John Fish and Josiah 
Nelson; Town Clerk, James Sumner. No record is found of 
the choice of a Town Treasurer. John Tyler and Joseph 
Thayer were chosen Constables. 

Dr. Aaron Wight was voted 12s. for doctoring Oliver Hay- 
ward, now dead. 

Voted " to sell the Ministry Common Rights in said town, 
being a Twenty acre Right, from and after the Eleventh Di- 
vision, and the money said Rights shall draw since said Division, 
to the highest bidder, and Mr. William Torrey, James Sumner 
and Ens. Peletiah Darling were chosen a Committee to Set up 
Said Rights, to vendue the same to the Highest bidder and to 
Report to the Town at the next town Meeting." 

Voted "that Mr. Benoni Benson have liberty to set up a Grist 



312 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1770. 

Mill a little beyond the first Bridge over the Great Eiver Near 
where Samuel Thompson's Grist Mill stood provided he doth 
not damnify the road, as said Mill will stand a Little part on 
the road." This first bridge was the one from the east bank of 
the river to the island at Millville. 

About this time there was trouble again about Sheffield's grist 
mill, and a committee was chosen to inquire why Mr. Sheffield 
did not keep his mill in repair for the benefit of the town, 
agreeable to original agreement made with Benjamin Albee, 
his heirs and assigns. Once before Mr. Sheffield was complained 
of for not keeping his mill in order, but the matter, it is be- 
lieved, was soon adjusted. 

■ Then, upon complaint made to the town by Mr. John Hay- 
ward, that a Hogreave was very necessary in his neighborhood, 
Mr. John Hayward was chosen Hogrieve. 

Lieut. Ammidown's lease of the burying yard being about to 
expire, Capt. Silas Wheelock, Capt. William Torrey and Lieut. 
Samuel Penniman were chosen a committee to consider of and 
report what method should be adopted in regard to its future 
care. 

May 24. Edward Rawson was chosen Representative " by a 
Were Vote." 

The committee on Sheffield's mill reported "that his Grist 
Mill is not in Eepare to Grind the Town's Grain according to 
the former Contract; and then the Town voted to disist pro- 
ceeding against Lt. Sheffield till an other Town Meeting in 
order that he may have convenient time to Repare said Grist 
Mill." 

Dec. 3. The town meeting assembled at the Meeting House, 
but immediately adjourned to the house of Mr. George Keith, 
innholder in said Mendon, by reason of the coldness of the 
weather, having first chose Edward Rawson, Moderator. 

The town then voted "to make Defence against the Petition 
of the Town of Brookfield, Relative to one Zebiah Allen." This 
is supposed to relate to the settlement of a pauper. The town 
then voted " to Send Two Agents to the Court of General Sessions 
of the Peace, and chose for sd Agents Mr. Edward Rawson and 
Joseph Dorr Esq. who were instructed to Give in the Town's rea- 
sons why the Petition of the Town of Brookfield should not be 



1771.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 313 

granted/' If they saw fit they were authorized to employ 
counsel. 



1771. Selectmen, Caleb Tuft, James Sumner, Joseph Thayer, 
Joseph Bruce and Nehemiah Nelson; Town Clerk, James Sum- 
ner; Treasurer, George Aldrich, and Joseph Benson and Joseph 
Bruce, Constables. 

Chose Capt. Joseph Daniels, Lt. Benjamin Wheelock and 
Ens. Benjamin Merriam a committee " to Lease out the Burying 
Ground in the first Precinct, Not for a Longer time than ten 
years, and to let or lease it to the highest bidder, and that the 
walls be Kept up in Good Repair, the Bushes to be kept down 
& not to be fed for any other use than feeding Calves and 
Sheep." 

The record says that the votes were then brought in for a 
County Register; but how many votes or for whom they were 
cast we have no information. 

For two dollars, Benjamin Merriam was sold a strip of land 
at the south end of the Training Field, two rods wide on the 
road, and running to a point on the other end. 

May 22. The warrant for the meeting to choose a Represent- 
ative to the General Court was addressed to the "Freeholders 
and other Inhabitants of the Town that have an estate of free- 
hold in land within this province or territory of forty shillings 
per annum, or other estate to the value of forty pounds." 

Edward Rawson was chosen Representative by 108 votes to 7 
scattering. The General Court was appointed to be kept, for 
his Majesty's service, in Cambridge, at Harvard College. 

Voted " that the town would raise no more money, beside 
the £20 already voted, to repair the bridges at Benony Ben- 
son's Grist Mill, the bridge being Rifted or destroyed by the late 
rains last winter." 

Sept. 2. Voted to raise £60, lawful money, to defray town 
charges the current year, and £60, including the interest of the 
school notes, for schooling. 

There had been a long dispute about repairing the road over 
Pond Hill to Uxbridge, the town having refused to raise any 
money for that purpose. After an attempt to have the town 
40 



314 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1772. 

indicted, the Court of the General Sessions of the Peace new 
located the road or ordered special repairs, which, for a time, 
the town refused to make. At this meeting, however, the town 
withdrew its opposition by dismissing the article from the war- 
rant relating to the laying out of a road from Thomas Rist's, in 
Uxbridge, to Ichabod Ammidown's, in Mendon. 

A general perambulation of town lines was made this year. 

TOWN VALUATION. 

Mass. Archives, Valuation of Towns, Vol. 133, p. 181. 

Annual worth of Real Estate in Mendon without any deduc- 
tion for more than ordinary repairs, 1771 £1160 15 02 

Acres of Tillage in Mendon 708 

Money at interest £2558 05 04 

Ratable Polls 403 

John Tylek ) 
James Sumner i- Assessors. 
Benj. Read. ) 
Sworn to Sept. 9. 1771 

Before Joseph Dorr, Justice of the Peace. 

At this meeting Edward Rawson and John Tyler, gentlemen, 
were chosen agents to take out an execution against the town of 
Brookfield for costs relating to the case of Zebiah Allen, a 
pauper. 

Whether the Town Clerk had any misgivings as to the ballot 
at the next annual town meeting, we cannot say, but he closed 
his record for the year as follows: 

"Finis! wishing Much joy to the Next Town Clerk." 



1772. March y e 2. Chose for Selectmen, John Tyler, Daniel 
Sumner, Joseph Day, Peter Penniman and Seth Nelson; Town 
Clerk, (notwithstanding his valedictory,) James Sumner; Town 
Treasurer, George Aldrich; Joseph Benson, Joseph Bruce and 
John Jones, Constables. 

March 16. Raised £200 for repairing roads, and the tax was 
to be levied on the valuation of 1771, as heretofore recorded, 
and made by April 1. Three shillings a day were allowed for a 
man and three shillings a day for cart and oxen before July 1, 



1773.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 315 

and two shillings a day for a man and two shillings a day for a 
cart and oxen in September, work to begin at 8 A. M. 

May 18. Edward Eawson was chosen Representative to the 
Great and General Court, to be held at Harvard College, in 
Cambridge, May 27th instant. 

A list of jurors was accepted, and one quarter part to serve at 
the Superiour Court, were selected by the town and put in one 
box, and the remainder in another box, for the Superiour Court 
— one hundred and fifty in all. 

The long controversy about opening or closing the road be- 
tween the lands of Deacon Edward Rawson and the estate 
of the Rev. Mr. Dorr, quite probably gave rise to a peti- 
tion to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace to lay out a 
road from near the house of the late Rev. Mr. Joseph Dorr 
through the East Precinct to Holliston line, and Peter Penni- 
man and Joseph Dorr, Esq., were chose to oppose the location. 
The road was not laid out. 

Sept. 7. Raised £60 for schooling, including the interest of 
the school money, and £80 for town charges. 

Oct. 5. Voted that the Selectmen assist the Town Treasurer 
in renewing the bonds and notes due the town for Ministry lands 
and rights sold, and that they all be made payable or out on or 
about the first day of January, agreeable to a former vote of the 
town. 

During the latter part of the winter of 1770 and 1771. the 
floods in the Great River had carried away the bridges near 
Benoni Benson's grist mill, and the town had voted £20 for new 
bridges. This sum, it is supposed, was not sufficient for the 
purpose, as the town was called upon for another appropriation. 
This they refused, and also voted that the inhabitants in the Sixth 
Highway District (in which district the bridges were located) 
should not be excused from other charges for bridges, provided 
they would build the bridges in the Sixth District, nor should 
they be relieved from paying their proportion of the £20 already 
appropriated. The bridges, however, were rebuilt. 



1773. In a warrant for a town meeting to be held Feb. 10, 
1773, the second article is in the following words, viz: "To see 



316 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1773. 

what the town will act relative to the Letter of Correspondence 
from the Town of Boston to this Town." 

At a town meeting of the freeholders and other inhabitants of 
the town of Mendon, legally qualified, warned and assembled, at 
the First Precinct Meeting House, in said Mendon, February 
y e 10th, 1773, Mr. John Tyler was chosen Moderator. 

Then was laid before the meeting the letter or pamphlet of the 
Committee of Correspondence of the town of Boston, " Shewing, 
in Sundry Respects, where sundry of our Invaluable Charter 
Rights and Privileges were Infringed upon, by sundry late Acts 
of the Parliament of Great Britain, Imposing Duties or Taxa- 
tions on the Colonists in America and the Province or Colony of 
the Massachusetts Bay in particular." 

It was tried by a vote if the town would act on the important 
matter, and voted in the affirmative. 

Then voted to choose a committee of seven freeholders of said 
town " to Consider a matter of so Great Importance and prepare 
Resolves proper for said meeting to Act and Resolve on, at the 
adjourment of this meeting.'' 

Chose for said committee Joseph Dorr, Esq., James Sumner, 
John Tyler, Deacon Edward Raw son, Lieut. Joseph Johnson and 
William Torrey, when the meeting was adjourned until the first 
day of March at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, at the meeting house. 

March 1. At a town meeting by adjournment from Feb. 10, 
1773, the chairman of the committee appointed to prepare re- 
solves to be laid before the town for their consideration at this 
time, relative "to our Rights and Privileges as Men, Christians 
and Subjects, and the Infringement of them by Sundry Acts of 
the British Parliament, acquainted the Moderator that he was 
ready to make Report and read the same as follows, viz: 

1. Resolved, That all men have naturally an Equal Right to Life, Liberty 
and Property. 

2. Resolved, That all just and lawful Government must necessarily 
originate in the free Consent of the Poeple. 

3. Resolved, That the Good, Safety and Happiness of the Poeple is the 
great end of Civil Government, and must be considered as the only rational 
object in all Original Compacts and Political Institutions. 

4. Resolved, That a principle of Self Preservation, being deeply planted 
by the God of Nature in every human breast, is as necessary not only to the 
well being of Individuals, but also to the Order of the L T niverse, as Attrac- 



1773.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 317 

lion and Cohesion are to the preservation of material 1 todies and the order 
of the Natural World, Therefore 

5. Resolved, That a Voluntary Renunciation of any Powers or Privileges, 
included or necessarily connected with a principle of Self Preservation is 
necessarily acting counter to the Great Author of Nature, the Supreme 
Legislator, Therefore, 

6. Resolved, That a Right to Liberty and Property (which is one of the 
Natural Means of Self Preservation) is absolutely unamenable, and can 
never, lawfully, be given up by ourselves or taken from us by others. 

7. Resolved, That the claim of the Parliament of Great Britain to the 
power of Legislation for the Colonies, in all cases whatever, is extremely 
alarming and threatens the total deprivation of every thing that is dear and 
valuable in life, and is, we humbly conceive, abhorrent from the spirit and 
genius of the British Constitution which is Liberty; destructive of the 
Immunities and Privileges granted us in our Royal Charter, which assures 
to the Inhabitants of this Province all the Liberties and Immunities op 
free and natural born subjects of England ; and in reality is not 
reconcilable to the most obvious principles of Reason, as it subjects us to a 
State of Vassalage and denies those essential Natural Rights, which, 
being the gift of GOD ALMIGHTY, is not in the power of man to alienate. 

8. Resolved, That the late Revenue Act, by which the. Commons of 
Great Britain have assumed and exercised a Power of Giving and Granting 
to his Majesty the property of the Colonists, without their consent, is a 
grievous Infringment of the Right of disposing of our own Estates. 

9. Resolved, That the unlimited power vested in the Commissioner of 
the Customs of creating inferior Officers and Collectors and the exhorbitant 
power to these under officers and Ministers to enter, at pleasure, any houses 
or other places and to break open trunks, chests, &c. upon bare suspicion 
of goods concealed, is a grievous Violation of the Sacred Right of Do- 
mestic Security. 

10. Resolved, That introducing and quartering Standing Armies in a free 

country in times of peace, without the consent of the People, is a violation 
of their rights as Free Men. 

11. Resolved, That the enormous Extension of the Power of the Courts 
of Vice Admiralty, in a great measure deprives the Poeple in the Colonies 
of the Inestimable Right to Trials by Juries. 

12. Resolved, That the Act passed in the last session of Parliament, en- 
titled "An Act for the better preserving his Majesty's Dock Yards, Maga- 
zines, Ships, Ammunition and Stores," by virtue of which Act the Inhabi- 
tants of the Colonies may, for certain supposed offences committed against 
said Act, be arrested and carried, from their families, to any part of Great 
Britain, there to be tried, is an Infringement not only of our Constitutional 
Privileges as Colonists, but of our Natural essential Rights as Men. 

13. Resolved, That the Acts for prohibiting Slitting Mills for manufac- 
turing our own iron and restraining the Manufacture and Transportation of 
Hats, as they deprive us of the natural advantages of our own climate, the 



318 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1773. 

produce of our own country and the honest fruits of our own Labour and 
Industry are very unreasonable and injurious. 

14. Resolved, That the Act restraining the transportation of Wool (the 
produce of our own Farms) even over a ferry, subjects the Inhabitants of 
this Province to a great an unreasonable Expense, and a violation of our 
Charter Privileges, whereby all Havens, Rivers &c. are expressly granted 
to the Inhabitants of the Province and their Successors, to their own proper 
use and behoof forever. 

15. Resolved, That the fixing a Stipend to the Office of the Governor of 
this Province, to be paid out of the American Revenue, rendering him in- 
dependent of the free Grants of the Poeple, has a necessary tendency to 
destroy that Balance of Power which ought to exist between the several 
branches of the Legislature. 

16. Resolved, That the affixing Stipends to the offices of the judges of 
the Superiour Court of Judicature and rendering them independent of the 
Poeple and dependent on the Crown for Support may hereafter (consider- 
ing the depravity of human nature,) be improved to purposes big with the 
most fatal consequences to the good Poeple of this Province. 

17. Resolved, That the wresting out of our hands Castle William, the 
principal fortress of this Province, and garrisoning it with his Majesty's 
regular Troops is a violation of our Charter Privileges. 

18. Resolved, That it is the mind and desire of this Town that the 
judges of the Superiour Court of Judicature and all other Officers who 
receive grants from the Province should have an honourable support 
agreeable to the dignity and importance of their respective stations. 

19. Resolved, That the Representative of this Town be and he is hereby 
instructed to use his utmost endeavours, in a constitutional manner, for the 
Redress of the aforementioned grievances ; and that he in no wise consent 
to the giving up of any of our Rights, whether derived to us by nature or 
by Compact or Agreement. 

Finally, When we reflect on the arduous enterprize of our Forefathers 
in transporting themselves to the wilds of America, the innumerable 
fatigues and dangers, the vast expense of treasure and blood that attended 
their beginning and carrying on a Settlement here among the Savages of the 
Desert and at the same time consider the prodigious accession of wealth 
and power to the mother Country from their extended settlements, it still 
sets a keener edge on a sense of our numerous grievances and we cannot 
help viewing the late rigorous and burdensome Impositions laid on us by 
the hand of the Parent country, as a departure from those truly noble and 
magnanimous Principles of Liberty which used heretofore to add a 
distinguishing Lustre and Glory to the British Crown. 

Voted that the foregoing Resolves be entered in the Town Book that our 
Children, in years to come, may know the sentiments of their Fathers in 
Regard to our Invaluable Rights and Liberties. 

Voted that the Town Clerk be directed and he is accordingly directed to 
transmit a fair attested copy of the foregoing Resolves and proceedings of 
the Town to the Committee of Correspondence for the Town of Boston. 



1773. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 319 

The committee heretofore chosen to report on the subject of a 
work house reported in favor of building one, and, upon the 
acceptance and adoption of their report, the vote was a tie, but, 
upon a second trial, 27 voted in the affirmative and 21 in the 
negative. 

March 1. George Aldrich, James Sumner, Levi Aldrich, 
Abraham Staples and .Samuel Warren were chosen Selectmen; 
Joseph Dorr, Esq., Town Clerk and Treasurer, and John Albee. 
Joseph Jones and Seth Kelly, Constables. 

March 18. Voted to reconsider the vote passed Feb. 10, "to 
Build a Work House." 

Raised £200 to repair highways, and that 2s. 6d. per day be 
allowed a man and the same for a team in the months of May 
and June, and that Is. 8d. per day for a man and the same for 
a team in the months of September and October. 

Voted not to grant Mr. Dix's petition, but neither the war- 
rant or the proceedings inform us what Mr. Dix prayed for. 

The road from the County Road to Muddy Brook, between 
the lands of Deacon Edward Rawson and the Rev. Mr. Dorr's 
heirs, came up again for consideration. A committee reported 
that since 1758, Deacon Rawson had had the use of the road, (the 
same being shut up,) and that for the rent he was indebted to 
the town five pounds. Deacon Rawson presented his account 
against the town and a balance of seven shillings and eleven 
pence was found due the town. 

John Chapin, objecting to a road laid out by the Selectmen, 
from his house to Ellis's Mill, (recently R. Gr. Graskill's) the 
subject was mutually referred to Timothy Rockwood of Bel- 
lingham, Deacon Samuel Scott of Bellingham, and Col. John 
Spring of Northbridge, who located the road, awarding John 
Chapin £11 and Stephen Chapin £1 10s. as damages. 

May 7. Chose Deacon Edward Rawson Representative to the 
General Court. 

Aug. 30. Voted to raise £120 for town charges, and £00, 
exclusive of the interest of the school fund, for schooling. 

Committees were chosen to consider what repairs should lie 
made to the bridge over Mill River, near Seth Kelley's, and also 
to the bridge near Eliphalet Wood"s. 



320 ANNALS OF MEN DON. [1774. 

1774. March 7. Chose for Selectmen, Henry Penniman, Gideon 
Albee, Joseph Benson, Jr., Benjamin Wheelock, Jr., and Azariah 
Newton; Joseph Dorr, Esq., Town Clerk and Treasurer, and 
Peter Penniman, Samuel Warren and Joseph Benson, Jr., Con- 
stables. Benjamin Staples was chosen Tithingman for the First 
Precinct, Caleb Boynton for the second, and Aaron Everett for 
the third; Ens. Benjamin Merriam and John Crooks, Deer 
Reives. 

Voted not to set off Ebenezer Hbl brook to Bellingham. 

The road between Deacon Edward Rawson and. widow Mary 
Dorr, is again up for consideration, and this time the town 
accepted the laying out a road four rods wide, located by the 
Selectmen Oct, 13, 1773, from the County Road across Muddy 
Brook to the Eight Rod Road, and voted not to rent the same 
to Mrs. Mary Dorr, who desired to have the same. This road, 
from the County Road to Muddy Brook, was between the farms 
at present owned by Homer W. Darling and James J. Nutter. 

May 16. Upon a motion made, ''Voted that the Inhabitants 
of Mendon do not approve of, but, to the utmost of their power, 
will discountenance all Mobbs, Riots and disorderly assemblies, 
and especially night mobbs." It is probable that the sacking of 
Governor Hutchinson's house in the night time by a mob, 
although it occurred eight years previous, must have been the 
occasion of the passage of this vote. 

Deacon Edward Rawson was chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

July 14. A legal town meeting was held this day and Deacon 
Gideon Albee was chosen Moderator. 

The following preamble and resolutions were then passed. 
By whom they were proposed the record does not inform us. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Mendon having taken into serious con- 
sideration the precarious state of the Liberties of North America, and more 
especially the present distressed condition of this Province, embarrassed as 
it is by several Acts of the British Parliament, tending to the entire sub- 
version of our Natural and Charter Rights, among which is the blocking 
up the Harbor of Boston: and being fully sensible of our indispensible 
Duty to lay hold on every means in our power to recover and preserve the 
much injured Constitution of our Country, and conscious, at the same time, 
of no alternative between the Horrors of Slavery or the Carnage and Deso- 
lation of a Civil War, but the suspension of all Commercial Intercourse 



1774.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 321 

with the Island of Great Britain, We the Inhabitants of said Town of Men- 
don do come into the following Resolutions: 

1. Resolved, That from henceforth we will suspend all Commercial In- 
tercourse with the Island of Great Britain until the said Act for Blocking 
up the said Harbor of Boston be Repealed and a Restoration of our Charter 
Rights be obtained. 

2. Resolved, That we will not, knowingly, purchase or sutler any one 
under us to purchase or consume, in any manner, any goods, wares or 
merchandize we shall know or have good reason to suspect to be imported 
into America from Great Britian aforesaid from and after the last day of 
August next ensuing. 

'3, Resolved, That if any persons, preferring their own private interest to 
the Salvation of their now perishing Country, shall still continue to import 
goods from Great Britain or shall purchase of those who do import, they 
shall be looked upon and treated by us as persons inimical to their 
country. 

Voted to choose a Committee of Correspondence to correspond 
with the Committees of Correspondence of the several towns 
within the Province, or with the Committees of Correspondence 
of other Governments. 

COMMITTEE OF COKKESPONOENCE. 

Capt. Nathan Tyler, Deacon Edward Rawson, Mr. James 
Sumner, Elder. Nathaniel Nelson and Mr. Benoni Benson. 

Voted that the Selectmen make such addition to the town 
stock as in their judgment they think necessary. By the town 
stock was undoubtedly meant arms and ammunition, thus get- 
ting ready for the 4th of July, 1770! 

Sept. 28. Deacon Edward Rawson, was chosen Representa- 
tive to the General Court, to meet at Salem, Oct. 5, but, before 
t hat day, the General Court was dissolved by Governor Gage. 
Notwithstanding this action of the Governor, those who had 
been chosen as Representatives met on the appointed day and 
resolved themselves into the first Provincial < 'ongress. On the 
7th, this Congress was organized by the choice of John Hancock 
as Chairman, and Benjamin Lincoln, Clerk, and provision was 
made to open the daily sessions with prayer. The Congress 
was then adjourned to meet the next Tuesday at Concord, being 
Oct. 11th. 

It seems to have been determined, before the dissolution of 
the General Court, that a Provincial Congress should be held at 

41 



322 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



1774. 



Concord on the 11th day of October, for on the same day (Sept. 
28th), when Deacon Rawson was chosen Representative to the 
General Court, Joseph Dorr, Esq., was chosen a Delegate to 
attend the Provincial Congress to he held at Concord on the 
11th of October next. 

This Congress recommended the towns "to see that each 
minute man should be immediately equipped with an effective 
lire arm, bayonet, pouch, knapsack and thirty rounds of cart- 
ridges and balls, and be drilled three times a week." Before the 
adjournment, provision was made for calling a future Congress, 
and Henry Gardner was appointed Treasurer and Receiver Gen- 
eral of the Province. 

At this meeting Capt. Nathan Tyler, Doct. William Jeunison 
and Mr. Benoni Benson (one from each Precinct) were chosen. a 
committee to report what sum would be necessary for the public 
defence, at this time, and to report as soon as may be. 

Then Doct. Jeunison proposed to make a present to the town 
of a six-pounder field piece; the town voted to accept of the same, 
and also voted the thanks of the town to Doct. Jennison for his 
donation. 

Voted to purchase a twelve-pounder field piece, with carriage 
for the same and equipments, and Doct. Jennison, Capt. Joseph 
Daniels and Mr. Henry Penniman were chosen a committee to 
procure the same. 

The sixth article in the warrant was "to see if the Town will 
allow any that are or may be employed in the Town's service any 
wages therefor. " 

"Voted that the sixth article subside." 

Elder Nelson, Joseph Dorr, Esq., Mr. James Sumner, Capt. 
Tyler and Ens. Peletiah Darling were chosen a committee to give 
instructions to the Representative to the General Court. 

The vote to purchase a twelve-pounder field piece was recon- 
sidered, and, in lieu thereof, to purchase two six-pounders, and 
Doct. Jennison, Capt. Joseph Daniels and Mr. Peter Penniman 
were chosen a committee to purchase the field pieces, fire arms 
and ammunition. 

Voted that one-third part of the soldiers on the military list 
be enlisted as Minute Men, and that Lieut. Smith, Lieut. War- 
ren and Mr. Henry Penniman be a committee to provide sup- 



1774. I ANNALS OF MKNDON. 323 

plies for the Minute Men, if called to march on an expedition. 

Sept. 5. Raised £100 to defray town charges, and £60, in- 
cluding the interest of the school money, for schools. 

The Treasurer was directed to collect the interest on the Min- 
istry money, and, if payment was delayed, then to call in the 
principal. 

The fifth article in the warrant for this meeting was dismissed, 
and which was, " to see if they would allow the South Precinct 
to draw their portion of the interest of the Ministry money when 
they do not have a minister." 

Nov. 7. At a town meeting held this day for some reasons, 
which do not appear upon the record, after some " filibuster- 
ing - ;'" the meeting was adjourned "to this day come sev' night 
at 10 o'clock a. m." 

At the adjourned meeting, although there was no article in 
the warrant for that purpose, Joseph Dorr, Esq., was chosen a 
Delegate to the Provincial Congress, which was to meet at Cam- 
bridge, Feb. 1, 1775. Deacon Edward Rawson was also directed 
to attend the Convention, agreeable to the instructions already 
given him as a Representative to the General Court, which met 
at Salem on the 28th of September last. This was the second 
Provincial Congress, and was soon adjourned to Concord. 

The "filibustering" at the meeting Nov. 7 may have been 
occasioned b} T the efforts of Timothy Ruggles, of Hard wick, 
who was endeavoring to develop the loyal sentiment in the 
Province by circulating papers in every town, "calling upon the 
friends of Government to form Associations to counteract the 
designs of the Provincial Congress." The fillibustering con- 
sisted in efforts to dismiss the Committee of Correspondence, to 
dissolve the meeting and to reconsider the votes passed at a for- 
mer meeting; but, as the malcontents met with little success, no 
further attempt was made. 

Nov. 14. At a meeting specially held to consider the recom- 
mendation of the Provincial Congress passed Oct. 28th ultimo. 
when Henry Gardner was appointed Treasurer and Receiver 
General, the town 

Voted, That the public Provincial monies uncollected or such 
monies as are in the hands of the Constables of said town, be 
paid Henry Gardner, Esq.. Receiver General, agreeable to the 



324 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1774. 

resolve of the Provincial Congress, and that the sums of money 
as were granted at the last session of the General Court he as- 
sessed and paid in as aforesaid. 

Voted, that the respective Constables (collectors) he directed, 
and they are hereby directed, to collect and pay in the Provin- 
cial tax to Henry Gardner, Esq., and that the town will indem- 
nify the Constables, agreeable to a resolve of the Provincial Con- 
gress. 

Dec. 27. Voted to order the present assessors to assess the 
sum of £113. 10s, reported by the committee Sept. 28 last, to pur- 
chase field pieces, fire arms, &c, as expressed in said report. 

Chose Deacon Edward Rawson, Col. Silas Wheelock, Capt. 
Gershom Nelson, Capt. Nathan Tyler, Capt. Jasper Daniels, 
Lieut. Samuel Warren. Capt. Samuel Green, Lieut, Benoni Ben- 
son and Capt, John Tyler, "to look into the state of the Soldiery 
with regard to arms and to view said arms." 

In consequence of shutting up the harbor of Boston and other 
tyrannical measures of Gov. Gage, the inhabitants of Boston and 
Chaiiestown had come to be in straightened circumstances, some 
of them being in want of the necessaries of life. In consequence 
of the recommendation of the Provincial Congress, many towns 
took up contributions for their relief. Mendon made choice of 
Capt. Nathan Tyler, Doct. William Jennison and Capt. Joseph 
Daniels as a committee to receive the collection for the towns of 
Boston and Charlestown. 

Voted that a Committee of Inspection of seven persons be ap- 
pointed "to carry the Association Resolve into Execution, agree- 
able to the lOtli. Resolve of the Continental Congress for Inven- 
torying Goods imported from Great Britain from and after the 
first day of December current to the first day of February next, 
and to make sale of the same, if need be, agreeable to the Re- 
solves of Congress respecting the same." 

The following are the names of the committee, viz: Joseph 
Dorr, Esq., Mr. Josiah Wheelock, Lieut Benoni Benson, Deacon 
Edward Rawson, Mr. James Sumner, Capt. Nathan Tyler and 
Ensign Pelatiah Darling. 

Voted to choose one delegate "to represent this town in a Pro- 
vincial Congress, to be held at Cambridge on the first day of 
February next, or at such other time and place as the delegates 



1774.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 325 

of Oharlestown, Cambridge, Roxbury, Brookline and Dorches- 
ter, or a major part of them, shall appoint, agreeable to the 
recommendation of the last Provincial Congress." 

Chose Deacon Edward K.a\vson, Delegate. But it will be seen 
that Deacon Rawson was unable to attend the Congress and 
another was chosen in his stead. 

Voted unanimously " that the Town do approve of the Resolves 
of the Continental Congress passed at Philadelphia in September 
last." 

In the journal of the Provincial Congress, p. 319, may be 
found the "Journal' of the Convention of the Committees of 
Correspondence and Delegates of Worcester County, Aug. 0. 
1774." 

From Mendon were Capt. Nathan" Tyler, Deacon Edward 
Rawson, Mr. James Sumner, Elder Nathaniel Nelson and Mr. 
Benoni Benson. 

A committee of ten, of which Deacon Rawson w.as one, and 
Timothy Bigelow, of Worcester, was chairman, was chosen " to 
send a Letter to all the Towns and Districts in the County, 
which have not Chosen Committees of Correspondence; desir- 
ing them to choose such Committees or send Delegates to rep- 
resent them at the adjournment of this Convention." 

The following Circular Letter was their report: 

Worcester August 9. 1774. 
Friends and Brethren 

The Committees of Correspondence from a majority of 
the Towns in this County have now convened at Worcester, in order to 
consult and determine upon the most regular steps to be taken and recom- 
mended, to the several Towns in this County, at this truly critical and 
alarming crisis; when it no longer remains a doubt that the acts annihi- 
lating our free Constitution are actually come authenticated, attended with 
three more transports and a ship of war, and the Council, appointed by 
his Majesty, are about to take the oaths required for that office. • 

In the first place we beg leave to observe that a considerable number of 
Towns, in this County, have not yet chosen Committees and by that means 
may not have received the letter notifying the Convention : therefore we 
earnestly recommend, as brethren and fellow-sufferers, when all that is 
valuable in this life is at stake, that you choose Committees of Correspon- 
dence, or such other Delegates as you may think proper, to meet this 
Convention at their adjournment, when the united wisdom and aid of the 
whole is wanting to oppose the torrent of tyranny rushing upon us 



326 ANNALS OF MENDON. | 1774. 

In order to avoid a second disappointment, by having our Letters fall 
into unfriendly hands, and you thereby deprived of a proper notification, 
we shall be careful to have them transmitted by such of our members as 
live nearest those Towns which have not sent their Committees. 

Tbis Convention stands adjourned to the last Tuesday of August instant 
at the House of Mrs. Mary Sternes, Innholder, in Worcester, at 10 o'clock 
before noon. 

By Order of the Committees of Correspondence in Convention. 

Timothy Btgelow. 

Jour. Prov. Congress, p. 643. 

" At the adjournment every Town and District was represented by 130 
members of Committees of Correspondence beside a number of Delegates 
and Gentlemen from several towns. 

On the 31st, of August the Convention, prefaced by a stirring and 
eloquent preamble, setting forth the tyrannical attempt of the Parliament 
of the British Government to usurp absolute dominion over us — that no 
power on earth hath a right, without the consent of this Province, to alter 
the minutist tittle of its charter, or abrogate any Act whatever, and, as the 
sittings of the Courts in this County, conducted in conformity to the late 
Acts of Parliament may insensibly lead the good poeple of this County to 
submit to the chains of Slavery forged by our enemies; therefore 

Resolved, that we recommend the poeple of this County to attend in 
person at the next sitting of the Court on the 6th. of September next; — that 
suitable and proper officers be chosen in each town to regulate the move- 
ments of the Poeple on the occasion: — that they depute fit persons to repre- 
sent them in One General Convention at Concord on Oct. 2d., Tuesday 
next, to devise ways and means to resume our original mode of govern- 
ment, whereby the most dignified servants were, as they ought to be, de- 
pendent on the poeple for their existence as such : — that the several Towns 
should indemnify their Constables for neglecting to return a list of jurors: 
— that, as the ordinary course of justice must be stayed, every inhabitant 
of this County should pay his just debts as soon as may be possible with- 
out any disputes or litigation: — that as the dark and gloomy aspect of 
affairs has thrown this Province into great convulsions, we recommend to 
every one and engage ourselves to suppress all riotous and disorderly pro- 
ceedings in our respective towns." 

This Convention also voted that if any town should he at- 
tacked, the Committee of Correspondence should send, by 
express, posts to the towns adjoining that they come armed and 
accoutred to protect and defend the place attacked. 

They also recommended the towns to pay no attention to the 
late Act of Parliament, which, among other things, undertook 
to regulate the calling of town meetings, hut to proceed in their 



1774. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 327 

usual manner; to detain all money due the Province Treasury 
until the public tranquillity is restored; — to ascertain what 
number of guns are wanting to arm the people in case of inva- 
sion, and that each member of this Convention will purchase at 
least two pounds of powder in addition to any they have on 
hand, and recommend his neighbor to go and do likewise. 

In the Statutes at Large, British Parliament, Vol. 30, p. 381, 
to be seen at the State Library at Boston, may be found the late 
Act of Parliament above referred to. 

An Act for the better regulating the Government of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England. 
Anno decimo quarto Georgii III. 

1. After April 1. 1774 the Charter to be void. 

2. Couueillors to be appointed by the King, not more than i>0 nor less 
than 12. 

3. Councillors to hold office during the King's pleasure. 

■1. The Governor to appoint and remove judges and other officers. 

5. The Governor to appoint Sheriffs without consent of the Council. 

(5. No Town Meetings to be called except for the election of Town Officers 
and Representatives to the General Court, without the consent of the 
Governor, or, in his absence, the Lieut. Governor, in writing, and then 
no business be acted on except what may be mentioned in the warrant. 

7. Jurors not to be elected, nominated or appointed by the Freeholders or 
inhabitants, nor summoned or returned by the Constables, but to be sum- 
moned and returned by the Sheriffs, to whom all venires shall be issued. 

8. Constables to return to the Sheriffs the names of all persons qualified to 
serve as jurors. 

With such an act of tyranny hanging over their heads, is it 
strange that our fathers became rebels, or that Gov. Gage should 
write to the Earl of Dartmouth that in Worcester " they keep no 
terms, openly threatening resistance by arms — have been pur- 
chasing arms and preparing them, casting balls, providing pow- 
der and threaten to attack any troops that dare oppose them." 

Sept. 6. Pursuant to the recommendation the Convention 
met and 

Voted that the Court should not sit on any terms. 

Voted " that the b*>dy of the Poeple, about six thousand, 
being now present in town, assemble on the Common." 

Then chose a committee of three to inquire of the Committees 
of Towns how long before the determination of the towns respect- 
ing the Courts and Judges would be known, and adjourned to 
the Green beyond Mr. Salisbury's. 



328 ANNALS OF MBNDON. [1774. 

They then chose a committee of three, viz: Capt. Mundell, of 
Hardwick, Deacon Rawson, of Mendon, and Samuel Jennison to 
inform the Grand Jurors of thecletermination of the Convention 
as to the Courts being held. 

The Convention met in the afternoon and again adjourned to 
the Green '"to attend the body of the Poeple." 

Voted to choose a committee of three "to inquire of the occa- 
sion of the delay of the Judges in making their appearance be- 
fore the body of the Poeple." 

Voted to choose a committee of three "to acquaint John 
Chandler, Esq. and the other protestors that they must follow 
after the Judges, through the ranges of the body of the Poeple, 
and that they go immediately after the Judges and read their 
recantation." The protestors here mentioned were John Chand- 
ler, Esq., and forty-two others, of Worcester, who entered a pro- 
test against some resolutions of the town, and which was recorded 
by the Town Clerk without authority. ' The Clerk was after- 
wards compelled, in open town meeting, to expunge the same, 
and the pen marks, not being deemed sufficient, he dipped his 
lingers in the ink, and so completely obliterated the protest. 

Voted "to thank the Rev. Mr. Chaplin of Sutton (the Rev. 
Benjamin Conklin prayed the first day); to recommend the Mili- 
tary officers to resign their commissions to the Colonells of Regi- 
ments; the Field officers to resign their offices and publish the 
same in all the Boston newspapers; to Towns to choose officers; 
to provide themselves with Field pieces, ammunition and gun- 
ners; to take notice of those Judges who aspersed the poeple in a 
late letter to Gov. Gage; that the recantation of the principals in 
the protest shall be accepted for those who signed them; that 
four men be desired to attend in addition to those who are to 
walk with Col. Gardner Chandler, Sheriff of the County, through 
the ranges of the Poeple." 

Voted that Deacon Rawson, Mr. Asa Whitcomb and Dr. 
Crosby, a Delegate,- be a committee to wait on a number of Jus- 
tices and give them an opportunity to sign the Declaration which 
has been signed by the Justices and officers of the Inferior Court, 
and is as follows: 

Worcester Sept 6. 1774. 

Worcester ss. The Justices of the Iuferiour Court aud Justices of the 



1774. J ANNALS OF MENDON. 329 

Court of the General Sessions of the Peace for the County of Worcester, to 

the Poeple of the County now assembled at Worcester. 

Gentlemen, You have desired, and even insisted upon, that all Judicial 
proceedings be stayed by the Justices of the Court appointed to be held this 
day, by law, in Worcester, within and for the County of Worcester on ac 
count of the unconstitutional Act of the British Parliament, respecting the 
administration of Justice in this Province, which if effected will reduce the 
Inhabitants thereof to mere arbitrary rule, do assure you that we will stay 
all such Judicial proceedings of said Courts and will tfot endeavour to put 
said Act in execution 

Thomas Steel, Chas Bigelow, Saml. Wilder, 

Joseph Wilder, Robert Goddard, Joshua Upton, 

Art. Ward, Francis Whipple, John Chandler Jr.. 

Timo. Paine, Joshua Willard, Daniel Oliver, 

John Chandler, Ezra Taylor, Joseph Dorr, 

Daniel Henshaw, John Caldwell, Ezra Houghton, 

Abel Willard, Ephm. Wilson, Nathan Tyler 

We the Officers of the Court do for ourselves give the Poeple the same 
assurance as above. 

Gardner Chandler, Sheriff, 

Rufus Chandler, 

John Sprague, 

Nathl. Chandler, Attornies. 

Voted to choose a committee of nine to draw up a form of vote 
for administering justice and to psotect the Justices in the exe- 
cution of their offices. 

Chose Oapt. Samuel Ward, Lancaster; Capt. Joseph Henshaw, 
Leicester, Dea. Edward Eawson, Mendon; Ee v. Joseph Wheeler, 
Harvard, Samuel Jennison, Douglass; Lieut. Joseph Baker, 
Delegate; Capt. Paul Mandell, Hardwick, Timothy Bigelow, of 
Worcester, and Lieut. Jona. Holman, of Bolton, as the aforesaid 
committee. 

This committee was to confer with the Justices to-morrow, 
and to them was committed the Justices' address to Gov. Cage. 

Thomas Steel, Joseph Wilder, Timothy Paine, John Chand- 
ler, Abel Willard, Joshua TJpham, Duncan Campbell, Jedediah 
Marcy, Fras. Whipple, Ezra Houghton and Isaac Barnard, Jus- 
tices, declared they precipitately entered into the measure, and 
were sorry for it. 

The Justices of the Peace for the County, except Timothy 
Ruggles, John Murray and James Putnam are requested to con- 
tinue in the discharge of their offices. 

42 



330 ANNALS OF MENDON. . [1775. 

Gardner Chandler, Sheriff, was called upon and recanted his 
signature to the address to Gov. Gage. 

The Convention adjourned to March 28, inst. 

This account of the mass meeting at Worcester is^ introduced 
for two reasons. First, because it was, at the instance of the 
Worcester Committee, that the Boston Committee called a meeting 
of the different Committees of Correspondence to meet at Faneuil 
Hall in Boston, on the 20th of August, when it was resolved 
that a Provincial Congress was necessary " to counteract the sys- 
tem of despotism" — that, previous to the meeting of such Con- 
gress, the Courts ought to be opposed, and the officers holding 
them branded as traitors, and that the military art ought to be 
attentively practised. Second, because Mendon was fully repre- 
sented in the Worcester Convention of Aug. 9, and one of its 
Delegates, Deacon Edward Bawson, was one of the leading spirits 
of the meeting. 



1775. At a town meeting held this day, by adjournment, 
being Jan. 17th, 

Voted that the Captains of the several companies in this town 
use their utmost endeavors that the delinquent men in their 
respective companies be speedily equipped with arms and ammu- 
nition. 

Voted that the Committee to take up the Collection for the 
Towns of Boston and Charlestown be directed to convey the 
same to the Committee of the Town of Boston. 

Henry Penniman having offered to present the town with a 
four-pounder field piece, the vote passed Sept. 28th to purchase 
two six-pounders was reconsidered, and the money then appro- 
priated to pay for the six-pounders was now appropriated as fol- 
lows, viz: £10.17.09 to pay for powder heretofore purchased, and 
the balance of the £113.10 was to be expended in purchasing, as 
soon as possible, firearms, lead, flints, powder, iron balls for two 
field pieces, and carriages to mount the same. 

Voted to accept of a four-pounder field piece in lieu of a six- 
pounder, offered by Dr. Jennison. 

Capt. Nathan Tyler, Capt. Nelson and David Daniels were 
chosen a committee to purchase small arms as soon as may be, 



1775.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 331 

and that they procure carriages and mount the field pieces as 
soon as possible. 

Feb. 6. Voted to send a Delegate to the Provincial Congress, 
now sitting at Cambridge, in the place of Deacon Edward Raw- 
son, who is unable to attend by reason of sickness. 

Chose Dr. William Jennison as a Delegate, and that Joseph 
Dorr, Esq., and Capt. Nathan Tyler should give him instruc- 
tions the same in substance as those voted for Deacon Rawson. 

March 6. Chose for Selectmen, Joseph Dorr, Esq., Lieut. 
Joseph Gribbs, Mr. Henry Benson, Ens. Seth Taft and Mr. 
Ichabod Thayer; Town Clerk and Treasurer, Joseph Dorr, Esq. ; 
Constables, Darius Daniels, Joseph Benson, Jr., and Josiah 
Nelson. 

Raised £100 for repairs of highways this year, and any rate 
not worked out by October 1, to be collected by the Constable 
in money. One shilling and six pence per day for a man. and 
one shilling and six pence per day for a team were allowed. 

The meeting was then adjourned to the May meeting, when 
the votes relating to the highway were reconsidered; and then 
voted to allow the Delegates who attended the Congress at Cam- 
bridge and Concord four shillings per day for attendance, and 
five shillings for a journey to Concord and five shillings for a 
journey to Cambridge each session. 

March 20. Under a new warrant Lieut. Benjamin Wheelock 
was chosen Moderator. 

Voted " that this town's part of the Provincial Tax for the 
year 1774 be paid to Henry Gardner Esq. who is appointed 
Receiver General for the Province by the late Provincial 
Congress." 

Voted that the Assessors for 1774 "be directed and they are 
hereby directed to make out warrants to the several Constables, 
in this town, to pay their respective collections of the Province 
tax to Henry Gardner Esq. Receiver General, recently appointed 
by the Provincial Congress." 

Voted to choose a County Treasurer, but who he was or how 
many votes he had the record saith not. 
Voted not to choose Overseers of the Poor. 



332 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1775. 



BATTLE OF LEXINGTON. 

April 19. This day occurred the Battle of Lexington, and, 
upon the general alarm which followed, Mendon furnished the 
following Minute Men. Their names may he found on the 
muster rolls in the State Archives, at Boston, and were copied 
by the late Maj. Dexter F. Parker, of Worcester, who was col- 
lecting materials for a history of the County of Worcester. By 
the kindness of Mrs. Parker, T am allowed the privilege of 
co) tying from his minutes. 



Capt. John Albee, 
Lieut. Joseph Bruce, 
Lieut, Seth Taft, 
( 'lcrk, William French, 
Serg. Beuj. Wheeloek, 
Serg. John Penniman, 
Serg. Philip Ammidown, 
Corp. Peine Rawson. 
Corp. Seth Chapin, 
Corp. Silas Richardson, 
Corp. Edmund Merriam, 
Dr. Zuriel Albee, 
Dr. John Crooks, 
Pr s . Barlow Carpenter. 
Samuel Gage, 



FIRST COMPANY. 

John Hill, 
Ralph Hayward, 
Stephen Legg. 
Aaron Legg, 
Douglass Marsh, 
Eben Merriam. 
Stephen Johnson, 
Josiah Penniman, 
Levi Rawson, 
Mark Rawson, 
Edmund Rawson, 4th., 
Thomas Staples, 
Caleb Taft, 
Stephen Torrey. 
John Tyler, 



William Torrey jr. 
Seth Taft jr., 
Calvin Wheeloek, 
Jesse Wheeloek, 
Grindall Wood, 
Benj n . White. 



Capt. Willian Jennison. 
Lieut, Caleb Cheney, 
Sergt. Jones, 

Corp. Josiah Brown. 
Pr. Saml. Bowditch. 
Joseph Gibbs, 
John Hayward, 
Jesse Hayward, 
Jona. Hayward, 
Jacob Hayward, 
Joshua Hayward, 
Warfield Hayward, 
Joseph Jones jr. . 
John Jones. 



SECOND COMPANY. 

Abraham Jones, jr. , 
Eli Patridge, 
Seth Thayer, 
Josiah Wheeloek, 
William Ward, 
Daniel White, 
Benj n . Vickery, 
Enlisted in the Army. 
Lieut, Samuel Cobb, 
Serg. Adams Chapin, 



Corp. William Lesure, 
Drummer. Saml. French, 
Fifer, Daniel French, 
Pr. Edmond Bowker, 
Samuel Davis. 
Eben r Davis, 
Aaron Davis, 
William Cheney, 
Benj n Norcross, 
Henry Nelson, 



Serg. William Jennison jr., Amos Shefferson, 
Serg. John Gibbs, Abraham Stevens. 

Corp. Sheffield Partridge. Eli Whitney jr., 
Corp. Asa Albee, Samuel Warren. 



1775.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



333 



Capt. Joseph Daniels, 
Lieut. Benoni Benson, 
Lieut. Peter Penniman, 
Serg. Abraham Staples. 
Serg. Moses Thayer, 
Serg. John Darling, 
Corp. Stephen Benson, 
Asa Fletcher, 
Benj. Thayer, 
William Thayer, 
Ebenezer White, 
Thomas Legg, 
Abner Benson, 
Benj. Thayer jr., 
Nahor Staples, 

Capt. Gershom Nelson, 
Lieut. Jesse Whitney, 
Lieut. Josiah Nelson, 
Serg. Moses Chapin, 
Serg. Simeon Wiswell, 
Serg. Joseph Cody, 
Serg. Nathl. Parkhurst, 



THIRD COMPANY. 

Preserved Baker, 
Benjamin Blake, 
Silas Aldrich. 
Pa. Thayer, 
Benoni Benson, 
Caleb Wheelock. 
Increase Thayer. 
Elijah Darling, 
Turner White, 
Joshua Lazed? 
Benj. Jones, 
Benj. Pickering jr. 
Oliver Fisher? 
James Thayer jr. 

FOURTH COMPANY. 

Elisha White, 
John Robinson, 
Aaron Merrifleld, 
Stephen Chapin, 
Daniel Wedge, 
Ichabod Corbett, 
Daniel Hayward, 



Corp. Eph'm Parkhurst, James Albee, 



Corp. Levi Thayer, 
Corp. Daniel Legg, 
Corp. Ichabod Nelson, 
Pr. Gershom Legg, 
Robert Corbett, 
Ebem Read, 
Jonas Parkhurst, 



Eph r . Chapin, 
Enoch Parry, 
Darius Sumner, 
Levi Hayward, 
Nathan Beal, 
Gershom Twitched, 
Levi Legg, 



Seva Pond? 
Nathl. Taft, 
Moses Daniels, 
Saml. Freeman, 
Danl. Thompson, 
Seth Hayward, 
Hezekiah Fletcher, 
Oliver Morse? 
James Blake, 
John Hayward, 
John Benson, 
Benj. Hayward, 

old soldier. 
Joseph Wood, 

died July 21. 

Samuel Jones, 
Daniel Chapin, 
Josiah Kilborn, 
Isaac Littlefield, 
Moses Gage, 
Isaac Chapin, 
Daniel Chapin, 
Samuel Thayer, 
David Legg jr. , 
Alexander Wheelock. 
James Sprague, 
James Twitched, 
Darius Holbrook, 
Silas Brook? 



May 29. Capt. Thomas Wiswall was chosen Delegate to the 
Provincial Congress, to set at Watertown May 31, current. 

Oapt. John Tyler, Mr. James Sumner and Lieut. Benson were 
chosen a committee " to inquire back as far as 1770 and ascer- 
tain what Province money, collected or uncollected, there may 
l»e in the hands of the Constables or Deputy Sheriffs, and report 
what measures may be necessary to compel said Constables and 
Sheriffs to pay the same to Henry Gardner Esq. the present 
Receiver General instead of Harrison Gray the Eeceiver General 
appointed by the Governor, under the late act of Parliament." 

Adjourned to this day fortnight, (June 12,) at 2 P. M. 

Met according to adjournment. 



334 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1775. 

The committee chosen May 29th, report this day, June 12th, 
" that they find Monies in the several Constables hands and in 
the hand of George Bruce, Deputy Sheriff, together with money 
assessed and uncollected, to the amount of £291.17.04,"' where- 
upon, 

Voted " that the several delinquent Constables, of said town, 
and George Bruce, Deputy Sheriff, pay in to Henry Gardner 
Esq., Receiver General for Massachusetts Bay, the several sums 
of the public monies, in their hands, without delay." 

Voted " that said Constables and Sheriff paying the above- 
said monies as before expressed and producing said Receiver Gen- 
eral his receipt therefor, be and hereby are indemnified, by said 
town, in so doing." 

Voted that James Sumner, Deacon Rawson and Peletiah Dar- 
ling be a committee to examine the accounts of sundry persons 
who found provisions for and were employed in the service of 
our soldiers who were called forth in the late alarm. The late 
alarm was undoubtedly the battle of Lexington, April 19th. 

At a town meeting held July 10th, Deacon Edward Rawson, 
Capt. Nelson and Capt. John Tyler were chosen a committee 
''to repair to Mr. George Bruce and desire his attendance, im- 
mediately, in this meeting.'' Mr. Bruce attended accordingly, 
and offered to deliver up the notes which he had in his hands, 
for the Province money, to the town or their order. 

Then Henry Penniman, Capt. John Tyler, and Peter Penni- 
man were chosen a committee to receive the notes, collect the 
same as soon as may be, and pay it to Henry Gardner, Esq.,. or 
his successor or successors in the office of Receiver General, and 
to take his or their receipt for the same. 

It seems that Sheriff Bruce hesitated about paying over the 
Province money, but whether on account of loyalist notions or 
fear of pecuniary accountability is not now known. 

Sept. 4. Voted £100 to defray town charges, and £60, in- 
cluding the interest on the School bonds, for schooling the pres- 
ent year. 

Deacon. Edward Rawson was allowed £12. 13. 08 for his services 
at the General Court and at the Provincial Congress. 

Dr. William Jennison was allowed £2.05.00 for his services at 
the Provincial Congress, and then the vote was immediately re- 
considered. 



1775.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 335 

Capt. Wiswall was allowed £7.06.00 for his services at the Pro- 
vincial Congress at Watertown. 

Lient. Benjamin Wheelock and Capt. Nelson were added to 
the committee "to examine the accounts of certain persons who 
found provisions for our soldiers in the late alarm in April last, 
and also for conveying said provisions to camp, and report at the 
next meeting." 

Adjourned to the last Monday in October. 

Voted that the committee last above chosen, when they shall 
have completed the accounts of certain persons, &c, transmit 
the same to the General Court for allowance, and to pray that 
what may be allowed may be made payable to the Selectmen of 
Mendon, or their order, for the Town's use. 

Voted that the Selectmen, when they shall have received the 
abovesaid money, shall deliver the same to the abovesaid commit- 
tee, and said, committee pay out the same to those persons to 
whom it shall be found due. 

The committee transmitted the accounts to the General Court, 
and in Vol. 205, p. 290, Revolutionary Resolves, may be found 
the following action of the Court: 

In the House of Representatives, Watertown Sept. 27, 1775. 
Resolved, that there be paid out of the Public Treasury fifteen pounds to 
Dea. Edward Rawson, for the use of the Selectmen of the Town of Men- 
don, in full for Six small Arms, delivered to the Committee of Safety, by 
the hand of Stephen Patridge for the use of the Army, as appears by the 
receipt of July 13. 1775, amounting to that sum. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Warren, Speaker. 
In Council, Read and Concurred 

Perez Morton, Depty. Secy. 
Consented to by J. Palmer and fourteen others of the Council. 

Journal of Com. of Safety and Supplies. Journal Prov. Con- 
gress, p. 516. 

April 18. 1775. 

Voted that all the Ammunition be deposited in Nine different towns in 
this Province, that Worcester be one of them, that Concord be one, that 
Lancaster be one (Col. Whitcomb is there) that Groton, Stoughtonham, 
Stow, Mendon, Leicester and Sudbury be the others. Also (p. 517) two 
Medecine Chests at Mendon, also (p. 518) 1100 Tents to be deposited, in 
equal parts, in Worcester, Lancaster, Groton, Stow, Mendon, Leicester and 
Sudbury. 

Journal Provincial Congress, p. 77, 



336 ANNALS OF MEN DON. [1775. 

May 1. 1775. Meadon to take 76 of the 5000 indigent persons of Boston 
whom Gen. Gage has permitted to remove — said persons not to be consid- 
ered the poor of the towns to which they remove. Accounts to be kept and 
laid before Congress. 

May 25. A Committee report that Mendon could spare 2£ bbls. of 
Powder. 

May 31. The Third Provincial Congress met in the Meeting House at 
Watertown. Capt. Thomas Wiswall, Delegate from Mendon. 

Journal Prov. Con., p. 335. 

Towns advised to deposite Fire arms with the Town Treasurer for the 
use of the Army. Mendon to deposite 24. June 15. 1775. 
Form of a Receipt for the same. 

The day of 1775. 

Rec d of A. B. firelock to the use of the Colony of the Massachusetts 
Bay of the value of £ s. d. which sum the Receiver General of said Col- 
ony is directed, in 40 days after the date hereof, to pay to the said A. B. or 
order, in Bills of Credit of this Colony. 
Form of a receipt for Powder. 

The day of 1775 Rec d of A. B., 

Selectman of the Town of the Town stock of Powder, contain- 

ing lbs weight, to the use of the Massachusetts Bay, which 

powder is to be replaced again, as soon as the Colony Magazine will admit 
of it, or paid for in money. 

Jou. P. C, p. 431. July 5. In the apportionment for coats, 
with pewter buttons, for the soldiers, Mendon was to furnish 
eighty-eight coats. 

This, it will be remembered, was just after the battle of Bun- 
ker Hill, when the whole country was in a state of great alarm, 
and hence the effort to strengthen the army by the accumulation 
of munitions of war and clothing for the soldiers. 

Jou. P. C, p. 431. Mendon "to take 30 of the poeple of 
Charlestown;" the town having been burned during the battle of 
Bunker Hill. 

July 10. Deacon Edward Kawson was chosen Representative 
to the General Court. 

Revolutionary Letters, Vol. 193, p. 88. 

Circular Letter from the Provincial Congress to the Towns. 
Gentlemen, 

The barbarous Murders committed on our innocent Brethren on 
Wednesday the 19th. inst. have made it absolutely necessary that we imme- 
diately raise an Army to defend our wives and children from the butcher- 



1775.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 337 

ing hands of an inhuman Soldiery, who, incensed at the obstacles they met 
with in their bloody progress and enraged at being repulsed from the field 
of slaughter, will, without the least doubt, take the first opportunity in their 
power to ravage the country with fire and sword. 

We conjure you therefore, by all that is sacred, that you give all assist 
ance possible in forming an Army; our all is at stake — Death and Devasta 
tion are the certain consequences of delay — every moment is infinitely pies 
ions — an hour lost may deluge your country in blood and entail perpetual 
Slavery upon the few of your posterity who may survive the carnage. We 
beg and intreat as you will answer to your country, to your consciences 
and, above all, as you will answer to God himself, that you will hasten and 
encourage, by all possible means, the enlistment of men to form an army 
and send them forward to head quarters, at Cambridge, with that expedi- 
tion which the vast importance and instant urgency of the affair demands. 

Mendon to take 30 of the poeple of Charlestown. 

Rec. Prow Congress, Vol. 31, p. 137. 

The Prov. Congress adjourned this day from Concord to meet the same 
day at Watertown, at 4 o'clock P. M. 

Dea, Edward Rawson was chosen to wait on the Rhode Island Congress 
to inform them of our Resolutions and request their concurrence. 

In the H. of Representatives Nov. 8. 1775. 

Resolved that there be paid, out of the Public Treasury of this Colony, 
to Edward Rawson the sum of £1.17.06 in full of his Account for a journey 
to Providence by order of Congress. 

The following is an answer to the request of the Commit tec of 
Supplies appointed by the Provincial Congress: 

Mendon June 15. 1775. 
Rouble. Gentlemen 

Agreeable to your Request we have collected and sent 
down a Load of Grain. Another load may be had but not without cash, 
which (as the times are) we are not able to command. If the Receiver 
General would order our Constables to pay us a sum of money for that 
purpose perhaps we may procurse it. We have also sent 203 lbs. weight of 
gunpowder; more we could not well spare, as we have been obliged to fur- 
nish our Soldiers with a large quantity out of the town stock; two of the 
casks are new, for which the town gave 6s. which you may keep or send 
back as suits best. 

The Selectmen live at a great distance from each other and could not be 
gotten together, without considerable trouble, in order to certify with respect 
to the price of the above articles and the carriage of them, but as the bearer 
is a Selectman and worthy of credit 

I am Gentleman your very Humble and Obt. Servant 

J. Dork, one of the Selectmen of Meudon. 
43 



338 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1775. 

COL. EZRA WOOD AND LIEUT. ELIJAH TAFT COMPLAINED OF. 

At a meeting of the Committees of Inspection of Cumberland, Wren- 
tham, Medway, Bellingham, Hopkinton, Holliston, Mendon, Upton, Ux- 
bridge and Smithfield, convened at the House of Dr. John Corbett, in said 
Bellingham, on y e 18th. day of September 1775, and continued by adjourn- 
ments to the 16th. day of October 1775; upon the complaint of Col. Joseph 
Read against Col. Ezra Wood and Lieut. Elijah Taft for Carrying Pro- 
visions to Rhode Island, and said it was suspected that he sold the same to 
the Tories, whereby said Provisions were conveyed to the enemy at Boston, 
and said Read desired me to inform of the same to the Committee of 
Inspection forthwith that the affair might be inquired into. 

Edward Rawson. 

Oct. 16, 1775. 

On the Above Complatnt, 

Voted that it is the opinion of this Body that the said Wood and 
Taft have not done anything that is inimical to the American Cause. 

Extract from the Minutes 

Nathan Tyler, Clerk. 

The following letter is introduced in this place because its 
author was a native of Mendon, and because it belongs to the 
history of the times. 

Alexander Scammell was born in Mendon and graduated at 
Harvard College, 1769. Studied law with Gen. Sullivan, and 
was appointed Brigade Major in New Hampshire in 1775, and 
Colonel of a New Hampshire regiment in 1776. He was wound- 
ed at the battle of Saratoga, in 1777, and became Adjutant- 
General of the Continental Army in 1780. In 1781 he was 
taken prisoner September 30, while reconnoitering, at the siege 
of Yorktown, mortally wounded after he surrendered, and died 
at Williamsburg, Va., Oct. 6. At the time of his death he was 
the confidential friend of Gen. Washington. 

Portsmouth, May 3. 1775. 
Hon. Sir, 

Your leaving New 'Hampshire at a time when your presence was 
so extremety necessary to cherish the glorious ardor which you have been 
so instrumental in inspiring us with, spread a general gloom in Durham 
and, in some measure, damped the spirit of liberty through the Province, 
and nothing but the important business in which you are embarked would 
induce to dispense with your presence, with any degree of patience or per- 
severance. But when the horrid din of civil carnage surprised us on the 
20th. of April, the universal cry was, "Oh! if Major Sullivan was here — 
I Avish to God Major Sullivan was here " ran through the distressed 
multitude. 



1775.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 339 

April Court, which was then sitting adjourned immediately. To arms! 
to arms! was breathed forth in sympathetic groans. I went express to 
Boston, by desire of the Congressional Committee then sitting at Durham, 
proceeded as far as Bradford (Mass.) where I obtained credible information 
that evening. Next morning I arrived at Exeter where the Provincial 
Congress was assembling with all possible haste. 

Here I reported what intelligence I had gained; that the American Army 
at Cambridge, Woburn and Charlestown was more in need of provisions 
than men ; that fifty thousand had assembled in thirty six hours, and that 
the Regulars who had retreated from Concord had encamped on Bunker's 
Hill in Charlestown. 

The Congress, upon this report, resolved that the Durham company, then 
at Exeter, (armed complete for an engagement, with a week's provision,) 
should return home and keep themselves in constant readiness. All the 
men being gone from the westward and southward of Newmarket, and 
Men-of-war expected hourly into Portsmouth, it was with the greatest dif- 
ficulty your Durham soldiers were prevailed on to return. 

Six or seven expresses arrived at Durham in the night after our return ; 
some desiring us to march to Kittery, some to Hampton and some to 
Ipswich &c. which places, they said, sundry Men-of-war were ravaging. The 
whole country was in a continual alarm, but suspecting that the Marines, 
at Portsmouth, might take advantage of the confusion we were then in and 
pay a visit to Durham we thought proper to stand ready to give them a 
warm reception ; and supposing that your house and family would be the 
first mark of their vengeance, I kept guard to defend your family and sub- 
stance to the last drop of my blood * * * * Men, women and children were 
engaged, day and night in preparing for the worst. Many towns in this 
Province have enlisted Minutemen and keep them under pay, and the Con- 
gress before this would actually have raised an army had they not waited 
for the General Court, which sits to-morrow, in order to raise as much 
money as they can to pay off their army when raised. I am extremely 
mortified that I am unable to join the Army at Cambridge. 

The particulars of the skirmish between the Regulars and Americans 
will, long before this, have reached you. In longing expectation your safe, 
happy and speedy return is hoped for by all your friends, but by none 
more sincerely than 

Your dutiful, humble servant 

Alex r Scammelt- 

To John Sullivan Esq. Philadelphia or New York. 

The four companies which responded to the alarm on the 19th 
of April from Mendon, except those who enlisted for three 
months, soon returned home. 

The Muster Eolls at Boston credit Mendon with the following 
three months men. whose service expired in August, 1775: 



340 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1776. 



THREE MONTHS MEN, 1775. 



Lieut. Levi Aldricli, 
Serg. Rufus Aldricli, 
Nehemiah Aldricli, 
Phineas Aldricli, 
Amasa Aldricli, 
Alex r Aldricli, 
Jabez Albee, 
Eleazer Albee, 
Asa Albee, 
Jacob Ammidown, 
Peter Brown, 
Silas Brown, 
Samuel Boyce, 
Jona. Boyce, 
Serg. Jeremiah Battles, 
Justus Battles, 
Timothy Bruce, 
Edmund Bowker, 
Serg. Samuel Craggin, 
Eli Craggin, 
Amos Craggin, 
Capt. Samuel Cobb, 
Cor. Peter Corbett, 
Cor. William Cheney, 
Lt, Joseph Cody, 
Ser. Adam Chapin, 
Isaac Chapin, 
Josiah Chapin, 
Peter Daggett, 
Joshua Daggett, 
John Deming? 
William Drown, 
Lt, William Darling, 
Enoch Darling, 
Job Darling, 
Peter Darling, 
Levi Darling, 
Drum. Aaron Davis, 
Samuel Davis, 



Serg. Turner Ellis, 
Maxwell Ellis, 
Ser. Samuel French, 
David French? 
Cor. Saml. Fairbanks, 
Cor. Simeon Fish, 
Amariah Ford, 
Hezekiah Fletcher, 
John Green, 
John Gibbs, 
Darius Hoi brook, 
Reuben Holbrook, 
Samuel Hill, 
John Hunt, 
William Hall, 
Cor. David Legg, 
Cor. Caleb Legg, 
Moses Legg, 
David Legg, Sr., 
William Legg, 
William Lesure, 
Levi Lesure, 
Moses Lovett, 
Joshua Lazell, 
Ichabod Maynard, 
Robin Meinyo, 
Henry Nelson, 
Daniel Norcross, 
Benj n Norcross, 
Benj n Oliver, 
Capt. Andrew Peters, 
Cor. Sheffield Partridge, 
Amariah Partridge, 
Eben"' Partridge. 
Joseph Passmore, 
Edward Pickering, 
Ser. Benjamin Read, 
Aquilla Ramsdell, 
Arthur Rawson, 



Jonathan Rawson, 
Amos Shepardson, 
Alex 1 " Sterns, 
James Sprague, 
Fifer, Jesse Smith, 
Calvin Smith, 
Simeon Staples, 
Jona. Staples, 
Enos Taft, 
Eben r Taft, 
Artemas Tafi, 
Amos Thayer, 
Amasa Thayer, 
Samuel Thayer, 
Joel Thayer, 
Nathl. Torrey, 
Jonas Twitchel, 
Benj n Vickery, 

Vose, 

Amariah Vose, 
Bethuel Washburn, 
Samuel Washburn, 
Theophilus Waterman, 
West Waterman, 
Serg. Benj n Walker, 
Benjn White, 
Daniel White, 
Gideon White, 
Daniel Ward? 
Josiah Wood, 
Stephen Wood, 

Wood, 

Lt. George Whipple, 
Alex r Wheelock, 
Jonathan Whitney, 
Elias Whitney, 
Joseph Woodward, 
Capt. Samuel Warren. 



1776. March 4. Chose for Selectmen, Lieut. Peter Penni- 
111 an, Mr. Jonathan Jones, Mr. Samuel Fairbanks. Ensign Pele- 



1776.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 341 

tiah Darling and Mr. Ebenezer Sumner; Joseph Dorr, Esq., 
Town Clerk and Treasurer; John Penniman, Ichabod Thayer, 
Jr., and Jesse Darling, Constables; Committee of Correspon- 
dence, Inspection and Safety, Capt. John Tyler, Lieut. Joseph 
Gibbs, Deacon Joseph Day; Capt. John Albee and Deacon 
Gideon Albee. 

Voted to accept of a road leading by the Widow Huhlah 
Thayer's to the road leading by Elisha Thompson's to Arnold's 
mills, at Winesokett. 

Voted to sell the powder sent to the Colony Magazine at 5s. 
per pound. 

Voted to allow the First Precinct the profits and benefit of 
the burying place in said Precinct, said Precinct keeping the 
fences about the same in suitable repair. 

Adjourned to the May meeting. 

Voted to allow the Selectmen for 1775, 30s., cash in full. 

Voted to allow the Selectmen two dollars for a blanket, which 
they purchased for Edward Pickering, 20s., which Capt.Wiswall 
gave the town, and 15s. more to make up the sum which the 
Selectmen lost in blankets, and for which they never got any 
pay. 

Voted to allow Ichabod Thayer, Edward Rawson, Jr., and 
Stephen Benson 20s. each for carting the baggage for Capt. 
John Tyler's company to the lines at Roxbury in December last. 
This was probably at the time when it was expected that the 
British, from Boston, would attack the lines at Eoxbury. 

Rev. Resolves, Mass. Archives, Vol. 209, p. 163. 

In the House'of Representatives May 9. 1776. 
Resolved that it he and is herehy recommended to each Town in this 
Colony which shall send a member or memhers to the next General Assem- 
hly, fully to possess him or them with their sentiments relative to the Decla- 
ration of Independency of the United Colonies of Great Britain to he made 
by Congress, and to instruct them what conduct they would have them oh 
serve with regard to the next General Assembly instructing the Delegates 
of this Colon}' on that subject. 

Passed. Sent up for concurrence. 

Samuel Freeman, Secy. P. T. 
In Council May 10. 1776. 

Read and Non concurred, 

Perez Morton. Dep. Sec 



342- ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

The warrant for the last town meeting was the last one called 
in his Majesty's name. His Majesty's name and the year of his 
reign had heretofore been inserted in every warrant for a town 
meeting, from the date of incorporation in 16G7. 

It now reads, "in the Name of the Government and Poeple of 
the Massachusetts Bay.'"'" 

May 27th, being a meeting called, as above, for the choice of 
a Representative to the General Court, to meet at Watertown, 
May 29th hist., Joseph Dorr, Esq., was chosen Representative, 
and, notwithstanding the non-concurrence of the Council with 
the House of Representatives, as before recited, the town in- 
structed their Representative in the following patriotic and elo- 
quent terms: 

"Voted that the town advise and instruct their Representative to acquaint 
the General Assembly, That if the Honourable the Continental Congress 
shall think it for the Benefit and Safety of the United American Colo- 
nies, to Declare them Independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain, said 
Town will approve the measure, and, with their Lives and Fortunes, sup- 
port them therein." 

Voted that Lieut. Joseph Bruce, Lieut. Joseph Gibbs and 
Lieut. Benoni Benson, as a committee, be directed to look after 
those persons who took ammunition out of the town stock, on the 
alarm of last year, and have not returned the same. This com- 
mittee were allowed to compound with those who make no return 
of ammunition at 3s. per pound for powder and the common 
price for lead and flints. 

Voted to allow those persons who transported provisions .to 
Cambridge and Roxbury on the alarm in April, 1775, £2.01.10, 
which was deducted out of the Selectmen's account to the Gen- 
eral Assembly for the same. 

The evacuation of Boston by the British, on the 17th of March, 
transferred the theatre of war from Massachusetts to New York, 
and a new call was now made for reinforcements for the army. 

As in all wars, the patriotic ardor which the first call to arms 
inspired in the masses began to cool, and volunteers came in 
slowly. 

July 8. The following circular letter of the General Court 
was read in a town meeting this day. It may be found in the 
Massachusetts Archives. 



1776.1 ANNALS OF MENDON. 343 



CIRCULAR TO THE COMMITTEES OF THE SEVERAL TOWNS. 

The General Court have received from his -Excellency, General Wash- 
ington a pressing Letter that the Troops destined for New York, may be 
sent with all despatch, as he is well informed that General Howe is arrived 
from Halifax at the Hook. You will please communicate this to your 
brethren that you and they, with all possible expedition, may raise and 
march the Troops going from your county. The General Court expect 
you will not let any thing prevent their marching as fast as possible as you 
see the emergency of the case requires. 

By Order of the General Court. 

To the Chairman of the Committe for raising men. 

Upon this the town voted "to allow those persons who shall 
enlist in this Town into the service of the United Colonies, at 
New York, six pounds per man, except Commissioned Officers; 
also, that those now in the service, as well as those who served 
eight months last } r ear, shall be exempted from a poll tax. 1 ' 

Here follows, in the Town Record, a copy of the Declaration 
of Independence. It is engrossed in the bold and beautiful 
hand writing of Joseph Dorr, Esq. , the Town Clerk. 

The following is a literal transcript from the Record: 

In CONGRESS, July 4. 1776; A DECLARATION by the REP- 
RESENTATIVES of the UNITED STATES of AMERICA in GEN- 
ERAL CONGRESS Assembled: When in the Course of Human Events it 
becomes necessary for a Poeple to dissolve the Political bands which have 
connected them with another and to assume, among the Powers of 
the Earth, the separate and Equal Station which the Laws of Nature 
and Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the Opinions of 
Mankind requires that they should declare the Causes which impel them to 
the Separation. 

We hold these Truths to be self-evident; that all Men were created equal; 
that they are indued, by their Creator, with certain unalienable Rights: 
that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness; — That to 
secure these Rights Governments are Instituted among Men, deriving their 
just Powers from the Consent of the Governed; that when any Form of 
Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the 
Poeple to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its 
Foundation on such Principles and organizing its Powers in such Form as 
to them shall seem most.likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. 

Prudence indeed will dictate that Governments long established should 
not be changed for light and transient causes; and, accordingly, all Expe- 
rience hath shown that Mankind are more disposed to suffer while Evils 
are sufferable than right themselves by abolishing the Forms to which they 
are accustomed- But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pur- 



344 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

suing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under 
absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty to throw off such 
Government and provide new Guards for their future Security. Such has 
been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such is now the Neces- 
sity which constrains them to alter their former systems of Government. 

The History of the Present King of Great Britain is a History of repeated 
Injuries and Usurpations all having in direct object the Establishment of 
an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this let Facts be sub- 
mitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his Assent to Laws the most wholesome and necessary 
to the public good. 

He has forbidden Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing im- 
portance unless suspended in their Operation until his assent should be 
obtained, a'nd when so suspended he has utterly refused to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the Accommodation of large Dis- 
tricts of Poeple unless those Poeple would relinquish the Right of Repre- 
sentation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to 
TYRANTS only. 

He has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomforta- 
ble and distant from the Depository of their public records, for the sole 
purpose of fatigueiug them into Compliance with his Measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly for opposing, with 
manly Firmness, his Invasions on the Rights of the People. 

He has refused for a long time, after such Dissolution to cause others to 
be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of annihilation, have 
returned to the Poeple at large for their exercise, the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the Dangers of Invasion from without and 
Convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent Population, for that purpose obstructing 
the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to 
encourage their Migrations hither and raising the conditions of new Appro- 
priations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of justice, by refusing his assent to 
Laws for establishing judiciary Powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his Will alone for the Tenure of their 
Offices and the amount and payment of their Salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices and sent hither Swarms of 
Officers to harrass our Poeple and eat out our Substance. 

He has kept among us, in times of Peace, Standing Armies without the 
consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the 
Civil Power. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to 
our Constitution and unacknowledged by our Laws, giving his assent to 
their Acts of pretended Legislation. 

For quartering large Bodies of armed Troops among us. 



1776.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 345 



For protecting them by a mock Trial from any punishment for any Mm 
ders they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States. 

For cutting off Trade with all parts of the World. 

For imposing taxes upon us without our Consent. 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the Benefits of Trial by jury. 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for supposed offences. 

For abolishing the Free System of English Laws, in a neighboring 
Province, establishing therein an arbitrary Government and enlarging its 
boundaries, so as to render it at once an Example and fit Instrument for 
introducing the same absolute Rule into these Colonies. 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and 
altering, fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments. 

For suspending our Legislatures and declaring themselves invested with 
Power to legislate for us in ALL CASES WHATSOEVER. 

He has abdicated Government here by declaring us out of his Protection 
and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our Towns and 
destroyed the lives of our Poeple. 

He is, at this time, transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to 
Complete the Works of Death, Desolation and TYRANNY already begun, 
with circumstances of Cruelty and Perfidy scarcly paralleled in the most 
barbarous Ages and totally unworthy the Plead of a Civilized Nation. 

He has Constrained our Fellow Citizens, taken Captive on the high Seas 
to bear arms against their Country; to become the Executioners of their 
Friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited Domestic Insurrections among us and has endeavoured to 
bring on the Inhabitants of our Frontiers the Merciless Indian Savages, 
whose known Rule of Warfare is an undistinguished Destruction of all 
Ages, Sexes and Conditions. 

In every Stage of these Oppressions we have petitioned for Redress in the 
most humble Terms ; our repeated Petitions have only been answered by 
repeated Injury ! A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every Act 
which may define a TYRANT, is unfit to be the Ruler of a FREE 
POEPLE. 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our Brethren. We have 
warned them, from time to time, of Attempts by their Legislature to extend 
an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us; We have reminded them of the 
Circumstances of our Emigration and Settlement; We have appealed to 
their native magnanimity and we have conjured them by the Ties of our 
Common Kindred, to disavow these Usurpations which would inevitably 
interrupt our Connexions and Correspondence. They too have been 
deaf to the Voice of Justice and Consanguinuity. We must therefore 
acquiesce in the Necessity which announces our separation and hold them, 
as we hold the rest of Mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace friends. 

We therefore, the REPRESENTATIVES of the UNITED STATES OF 
AMERICA in GENERAL CONGRESS assembled, appealing to the SU- 

44 



346 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

PREME JUDGE of the World for the rectitude of our Intentions, do, in 
the Name and by the Authority of the good Poeple of these Colonies, sol- 
emnly publish and declare that these United States are and of Right ought to 
be FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES : that they are absolved from 
all Allegiance to the British Crown and that all Political Connexion be- 
tween them and the State of Great Britain is and ought to be totally dis- 
solved, and that as FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES they have 
full Power to carry on War, Conclude Peace, to Contract Alliances, estab- 
lish Commerce and to do all other Acts and things which INDEPENDENT 
STATES may of Right do. 

And for the Support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the 
Protection of DIVINE PROVIDENCE, We mutually pledge to each our 
LIVES, our FORTUNE and our SACRED HONOR. 

Signed by ORDER and in BEHALF OF CONGRESS. 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 
ATTEST. CHARLES THOMPSON, Secy. 

In Council, Watertown, July 17, 1776. 
ORDERED That the Declaration of Independence be printed and a copy 
sent to the Minister of each Parish of every Denomination within this 
State, and that they severally be required to read the same to their respec- 
tive Congregations, as soon as Divine Service is ended in the afternoon, on 
the first Lord's Day after they shall have received it : — And after such Pub- 
lication thereof to deliver the said Declaration to the Clerks of their several 
Towns or Districts, who are hereby required to record the same in their 
respective Town or District Books, there to remain as a perpetual MEMO- 
RIAL thereof. 

In the Name and by Order of the Council. 

R, DERBY, Juu. President. 
A true Copy, Attest, JOHN AVERY, Dep. Secy. 
A true Copy, Attest, JOSEPH DORR, Town Clerk. 

At this time Congress had called for recruits for the expedi- 
tion to Canada, but the enlistments progressed slowly; and con- 
temporary historians tell us that one reason was that, in Massa- 
chusetts, they felt they were not secure from a return of the 
British, as a portion of their fleet were still at anchor in the 
lower harbor; and another reason, that weighed heavily with 
many, was that the troops east of the State of New York were 
not treated with the same consideration as those who were drawn 
from the Southern States. 

The General Court had voted to raise five thousand men for 
six months, and, to encourage enlistments, offered a month's pay 
in advance. 



1776.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 347 

The following items arc considered of sufficient interest to 
merit an insertion in these annals: 

Records of the Provincial Congress (Mass. Archives), Vol. 34, 
p. 705, April 17, 1776. 

In the H. of R. Resolved that there he paid out of the Public Treasury 
of this Colony to the Selectmen of the Town of Mendon £38.04.04 in full 
of their account for provisions and transporting the same to Head Quarters, 
in April last for the use of the army. 

Court (Mass. Archives), Vol. 34, p. 859, May 7, 1776. 

In II. of R. Resolved that there he paid out of the Public Treasury of 
this Colony to Edward Rawson the sum of £6.00.00 for the use of Daniel 
Druce in full for his Pension granted to him by the General Court in the 
year 1772. 

Court, Vol. 35, p. 109, June 29, 1776. 

A letter was received from the Chairman of the Committee of Mendon, 
giving information against one George Gage, of Mendon for Mai Conduct ;&c. 

Read and Committed, with the papers accompanying the same, to Joseph 
Cushing and David Sewall Esqrs. with such as the Hon bIe House shall join. 

What became of this last matter is not now known. 

July 22. The Town of Mendon voted to pay a bounty of £10 
to each man who shall voluntarily enlist in the public service in 
the Northern or Canada Department. 

The Selectmen were directed to borrow a sufficient sum of 
money to pay the bounties offered. 

Sept. 11. Voted to raise £40 for schooling, exclusive of in- 
terest arising from the school bonds, and £380 to defray town 
charges, including bounties to the soldiers. 

Henry Benson was chosen one of the Committee of Corres- 
pondence, &c, in the room of Deacon Joseph Day, in the service. 

Up to this time recruiting for the army, as every fifth man 
enrolled in the militia was called for, was progressing at a tardy 
pace. To expedite the matter the town, Sept. 16, voted to allow 
each soldier and non-commissioned officer, who shall march to 
New York, on the present alarm, 20s. each, and 20s. per month 
so long as they shall continue in the service as militia. 

Sept. 30. A County Register and County Treasurer were 
chosen, and, as usual, no record is made of the names of the 
successful candidates. 

The subject of a State Government had by this time very gen- 



348 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

erally engaged the attention of the people, and hence, in the 
warrant for a town meeting, to he held Sept. 30, the following- 
article is found: 

" To see if the Male inhabitants of twenty one years of age and upwards, 
being free, will give their Consent that the present Representatives of the 
Massachusetts Bay, together with the Council, if they consent in one body, 
may agree on a Form of Government for this State, pursuant to a Resolve 
of the House of Representatives of the 17th. instant." 

Upon the consideration of this article, the town voted in the 
negative, and chose a committee of nine persons to instruct our 
Representative (Joseph Dorr, Esq.) relative to the form of civil 
government. 

Chose for the committee James Sumner, Edward Rawson, 
Esq., Ensign Pelatiah Darling, Mr. Ebenezer Holbrook, Oapt. 
Peter Penniman, Mr. Aaron Everett, Lieut. Seth Nelson, Capt. 
John Tyler and Maj. Joseph Daniels. 

This committee was to report a draft of their instructions at 
the next meeting. They made a report as directed, but it was 
not recorded, nor is the same to be found in the archives of the 
town. 

At this meeting it was voted not to allow an Inoculating Hos- 
pital for the small-pox to be opened in the town. 

Oct. 14. The town again voted they would not impower the 
present General Court to form and establish a Constitution of 
Government for the State. 

After accepting the report of the Committee of Nine, chosen 
above, whatever it was, they voted an approval of the Resolves of 
the town of Stoughton relative to the manner of proceeding in 
forming a Constitution of Government. 

The Resolves of the town of Stoughton are as follows, and for 
a transcript, from which they are a copy, I am indebted to the 
kindness of Henry C. Kimball, the Clerk of that town: 

We the Subscribers being chosen, by this town, at a Town Meeting legally 
assembled at Stoughton on the 30th. of September last, a Committee to draft 
a vote upon an article in y e Town Warrant respecting Choosing the Present 
General Court to form a Plan of Government for the State, have attended 
that service and beg leave to report the Following Resolutions, viz : — 

1. Resolved, that Good Government is the Basis of Liberty and abso- 
lutely necessary to y e safety and well fare of a poeple. 

2. Resolved, that, as the End of Government is y e happiness of y e poe- 



1776.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 349 



pie, so y e sole power and right of forming and establishing a Plan thereof 
is Essentially in the poeple. 

3. Resolved, that, as this State [is] at present Destitute of a fixed and 
Established form of Government, it is absolutely necessary that one be im- 
mediately formed and Established, agreeable to the Recommendations of 
the Grand Congress. 

4. Resolved, that, as the present House of Representatives have passed a 
Resolve to see if the several Towns in this State would Empower them the 
sd House, together with the Council, to enact a form of Government for 
this State, it appears to us unadvisable and irrational and a measure that 
ought not, by any means, to be complied with, for these reasons, viz: — 
that we are totally unacquainted with the capacities and Patriotism and 
Characters of y e members that compose the sd House and Council, Except- 
ing our own members; also because they were never elected by the poeple 
for that purpose and also because the present Embarrassed state of our 
public affairs calls for the steady attention of every member of sd House. 

5. Resolved, that it is the Duty and Interest of this Town immediately to 
Choose one or more members to join with the members of the other Towns 
in this State to form and publish a plan of Government for said State. 

6. Resolved, that in order to Carry the aforegoing resolution into execu- 
tion as soon as the importance of y e matter may admit, it appears to us 
best that the members of the several towns in each county in this State, 
chosen for the Express purpose aforesaid, should meet together in County 
Conventions and when so met should draft a form of Government for y e 
whole State. Then that the members of the several Towns of this State 
should meet together by themselves, or by their Committees in a State 
Convention or Congress and compare the several forms of Government 
together whereby the wisdom of the whole State may be collected and a 
form of Government may be extracted. 

7. Resolved, that it appears to us absolutely necessary for the Liberty 
and Safety of the State that the Plan of Government when formed and 
published should not be Established till the Poeple of this State have had 
time and opportunity of thoroughly examining the same and consent that 
it be established by the said State Convention or Congress. All which is 
humbly submitted by us. 

John Kenny, 1 

Chrisr Wadsworth, I 
Jonathan Capen, [ Committee. 
Abner Crane, 
Elijah Dunbar. J 
Stoughton Oct. y« 2. 1776. 

On motion made that the foregoing Report be published in the Public 
newspapers, it was then voted in y e affirmative, Nomine Contradicente 
Attest, Theophtlus Lyon, Town Clerk, pro. tern. 
A true Copy from the Records of the Town of Stoughton. 

Attest, Henry C. Kimball, Town Clerk. 
Stoughton, Aug. 9. 1875. 



350 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

As near as can be ascertained the three months men recorded 
on page 340, remained in the service until January 1776, when, 
upon a new call for 4,308 men, the quota for Mendon was thirty- 
three for three months. In June another call was made for 
1,136 men, and the quota for Mendon was set down at forty 
for eight months. The names of these last quotas are not found, 
as the muster rolls at the State House have been mislaid or lost. 

During the latter part of the year 1775,- it seems that there 
had been an election of field officers in the 3d regiment of the 
militia, and that the election of Joseph Chapin as Lieut. Colonel 
and Caleb Whiting as second Major, of Uxbridge, had given 
rise to great dissatisfaction, and, at last, resulting in the follow- 
ing appeal to the General Court: 

Revolutionary Resolves, Vol. 209, p. 168, et sequitur. 

The Petition, address and Remonstrance of the Freeholders and Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Uxbridge, assembled this 8th. day of February 1776, 
at the House of Ezekiel Wood, Innholder, in said Uxbridge at the desire 
of Col. Wood. 

To the Honorable Council and Representatives of the Colony of the 
Massachusetts Bay, now sitting at Watertown, We Humbly and Dutifully 
beg Leave to Lay before you our unhappy Situation Respecting the affair 
of Field Officers for the Regiment we belong to and to acquaint you with 
matters of fact Respecting the same. About the 19th. of October Last, a 
few of the Officers met at Mendon and went to Col. Wheelock and pre- 
vailed on him to Give out a Notification to assemble all the Officers of the 
Regiment. First: At Mendon at one side of the Regiment. 2udly. Sd 
Notification artfully drawn for the Col. to Sign, Not setting forth one 
word, what the business of the day was to be, but in a private way inform 
Some So that their Clamor Gave Strength to the Designing party. 3dly. 
And, in order to carry their pint first, past a previous vote that he that had 
the most votes Should be the person to be Recommended Whether he 
had one quarter of the votes or not. 4thly. The Notification was not dis- 
covered to Some of the officers till it was time to set out for Mendon, for 
fear the minds of their constituents would be had ; and it is easy to see that 
a few Designing persons beginning, and being Kerful to admit none but 
their own Seek, by taking a few at first and Gradually Growing Larger 
may prevail upon a large body at Last and Get the Greater part to Lean 
that way. If both branches of the Honourable Court have put in the 
Officers without their works of Recommendation and it had been Never So 
mortifying we should have endeavored to have been Submissive and Duti- 
ful under it and with all Submission we humbly beg Leave to have the 
Man Commissioned from Uxbridge, which the Court has appointed, whome 
we understand is Capt. Joseph Chapin. If that is denied we pray that the 



1776.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 351 

Town may have Liberty, by your direction, and so have a fuller attendance 
and Recommend one to be Commissioned — if that is denied we humbly 
pray we may be Laid to the Regiment that Sutton belongs to, and so 
be separated from Mendon, tbe cause of all our Difficulty, together with 
two of our pretended Officers who were Chose only for one year, which 
time expired Long ago, and we wholly Disown them and the hand bill 
Sent to our Town for a new Choice wholly secreted. 

These matters we suppose to be the cause why the Men Lately sent for 
Did not Go, but if our humble Petition Can be Graciously Received and 
we Relieved. Send a new order for the Men, that was last sent for and you 
shall have them immediately. When the Last men were marched out of 
Uxbridge, which through a mistake was double our Shair, our two pre- 
tended abovesaid officers followed the Drum and used their influence and 
could prevail upon but [one] person to Go with them, but when Capt. Cha- 
pin, whose Sircumstances would not allow him to be Gone from home, 
was desired to turn out the men to there full Number followed him Im- 
mediately. Respecting the man in Uxbridge that they Recommended, we 
humbly refer your Honours to Many of your brethering who are members 
of the House which belong Nither to Mendon or Uxbridge who attended 
the County Convention and heard what he had to offer, if they have forgot 
we will send you matters of fact Respecting the affair. If we are laid to 
Sutton, officer or no officer, we will be Content if you cannot be persuaded 
to relieve us no way, which [is] as Reasonable as any petition that Ever 
went from North America to Great Britain, then with the same Reluctancy 
that they Contend with Briton, we must with Sorrow and Grief inform 
you that Nothing is to be Expected from us but a passive obedience and 
Non Resistance. 

Signed by Ezekiel Wood and 62 others. 

COUNTER PETITION. 

To the Honourable the Council and Honourable the House of Represen- 
tatives for the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay in General Court assem- 
bled:— 

We the subscribers, Members of the Third Regiment in the County of 
Worcester once more crave your Honour's indulgence to lay before you the 
present unsettled and unhappy State of our Regiment & pray that you will 
kindly exert the power and authority we acknowledge to be vested in you, 
to restore that Peace and Harmony among the Regiment with Regard to 
Field Officers, which we earnestly wish to enjoy. We humbly hope that 
your Honours will not impute it to a turbulent, factious disposition that 
we thus petition you: Such is the Difficulty if not impossibility of settling 
the Regiment in Peace and Quietness under the present arrangement of 
Field Officers and such the Exigency of the times and Necessity of every 
Regiment being in the best Posture for action and Defence, that we find 
ourselves under the disagreeable Necessity of doing what, in ordinary 
times, might be deemed a violation of the Rules of Decency, viz:— A Peti- 



352 ANNALS OF MEN DON. [1776. 

tioning for an Alteration in the Appointment of Field Officers for said 
Regiment even after Commissions are made out. We beg your Honours 
would permit us speak our sentiments freely — we mean to do it with De- 
cency. The poeple of Uxbridge in the last remonstrance which they sent 
into the Court against the proceedings of the Regiment had the assurance 
to assert that all the uneasiness in the Regiment arose from the poeple of 
Mendon and one or two pretended Officers in Uxbridge, which (to say the 
best of it) is a barefaced misrepresentation. The truth is a little knot of 
Poeple in Uxbridge who, for years past, have been notorious for party 
spirit in Town affairs, and the set of poeple, actuated by the same Spirit, 
affect to take the lead in conducting the affairs of the Regiment. When 
the Militia Officers of the Regiment first met for the purpose of Recom- 
mending to your Honours such persons as they judged best qualified for 
Field Officers, these were the poeple who began the opposition and took it 
upon themselves to nominate persons according to their own humour. 
And it is to be regretted that the Honble. General Assembly have paid so 
much Attention to them, (we think more than they merit) while the repeated 
petitions and general voice of the Regiment has been disregarded. We will 
not however tell your Honours as the above said Remonstrants (we think 
indecently) did, viz: That unless you think proper to gratify us in this, 
that and the other particular, that nothing is to be expected but passive 
Obedience and non resistance, yet we are constrained to say, that while we 
possess the True Spirit and Liberal Sentiments of Englishmen, we can 
never contentedly submit to be led and governed by a junta of sixty six, 
which is about the fourteenth part of the Regiment. We think we 
merit as well of the Public as the persons who oppose us; we have 
been always ready to risk our lives and Fortunes for its defence in the 
present dispute. We even vie with the most zealous in this matter which 
our ready obedience to the Requisitions' of the Honorable Court and large 
drafts of our men, now in the field, clearly demonstrate, which our Neigh- 
bours, who would fain be thought so high in the cause of Liberty, have 
been greatly deficient in furnishing their Quota of Men for the Public Ser- 
vice at a time when they were greatly needed. As we are well acquainted 
with the Character and Abilities of Gentlemen in our own Regiment, we 
recommended those to your Honours, at first, of whose attachment to the 
General Cause of Liberty we have the most assured confidence, and in 
whose Military Abilities & Accomplishments we are entirely satisfied, and 
who, all things considered, we must believe are the most suitable Persons 
to fill the several Departments to which they were recommended. We still 
hope your Honours will be disposed to gratify the Regiment in this Regard, 
as we 'doubt not your wisdom will enable you to do it in a way consistent 
with your own Dignity. If your Honours still remain unsatisfied with our 
Representations of these, we would beg this favour viz: — That your Hon- 
ours would appoint a Committee of Gentlemen from some other County, 
with orders to convene either the officers of the Regiment or the whole 
Regiment as may be thought most proper, in order to satisfy yourselves 



17 76. J ANNALS OF MENDON. 353 

more fully in Regard to its true State; or that your Honours, in your great 
wisdom, would devise some other way and means to restore peace and har- 
mony to the Regiment. And as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 
March 15. 1776. 

Signed by John Albce and 630 others of the Regiment. 
In the House of Representatives May 3. 1776. 
Read and referred to Brigadier Godfrey and Deacon Stickney with such 
as the Honor bl Board shall join. 

Sent up for Concurrence, 

Samuel Freeman, Speaker pro tern. 
In Council May 4. 1776. 
Read and Concurred and Edad Taylor Esq. is joined. 

Perez Morton, Dep. Secy. 

The Committee above mentioned forthwith made the following Report. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to take into consideration the 
foregoing Petition beg leave that they are of opinion that it would be ex- 
pedient that a Committee of both Houses be appointed to repair to Mendon 
before the next meeting of the General Court and hear the Petitioners upon 
the subject matter of their Petition and that they take such measures as 
shall appear to them most salutary to Restore to the Third Regiment in the 
County of Worcester that Peace & Harmony which is necessary at all times 
and more especially at this time, when the aid of every member of this 
Community is needed to repel the force of our enemies. The said Com- 
mittee to make a Report of their doings herein on the Second day of the 
next Session of the General Court. 

All which is humbly Submitted 

Eldad Taylor, pr. ord. 
In Council May 4. 1776. 
Read and Accepted and Ordered that Jabez Fisher, with such as the 
Honorable House shall join be a Committee for the purpose mentioned in 
the above Report. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Perez Morton, Dep. Sec. 

In the House of Representatives May 4, 1776. 
Read and Concurred & Josiah Stone and Stephen Metcalf Esq. are joined. 

J. Warren, Speaker. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed at the last Session of the Gen- 
eral Court to repair to the Town of Mendon to hear a number of Petition- 
ers on the subject matter of their Petition, Having attended to that service 
Beg leave to Report. 

Notice being given to the Petitioners and all others concerned in the 
Regiment of our appointment and the Order of Court respecting the same, 
two Committees from the Company in the Town of Uxbridge and a Com- 
mittee from each of the other seven companies in the Regiment were pres- 

45 



354 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

cnt before your Committee and were severally heard fully ; after which it 
appeared to your Committee that six of said Companies and, at least, one 
half of the Company in Uxbridge appeared much dissatisfied with y e ap- 
pointment of Mr. Joseph Chapin for Lieut. Colonel and Mr. Caleb Whiting 
for Second Major in said Regiment, who were recommended without the 
knowledge and contrary to the inclination of said Regiment. 

The Officers had met and agreed to recommend Capt. Nathan Tyler for 
Lieut. Col. & Ezra Whiting Esq. for Second Major, which they appeared 
to be highly in favor of. The other part of the Company in Uxbridge 
appeared well pleased with the appointment of Messrs. Chapin and Whiting 
and doubtless will be uneasy should their appointment be superseded. 
The remaining eighth company, being the South Company in Douglass, it 
appeared to your Committee that they were somewhat divided but not 
strenuous. This being the state of the facts, as near as your Committee 
have been able to collect and there being more than seven to one dissatisfied 
with the present appointment of Lt. Col. and 2nd Major, your Committee 
are humbly of opinion that the most likely method to restore harmony to 
the Regiment will be to indulge the petitioners with a new appointment 
of Lt. Col. and 2d Major agreeable to their request, and in case that part 
of the Company in Uxbridge who are against a new appointment, should 
renew their request to be joined to the Regiment to which Sutton belongs, 
that they be indulged in that request and be joined accordingly. 
All which is humbly submitted 

Jabez Fisher, pr. order. 

In Council June 4. 1776. 

Read and sent down, 

John Lowell Depy. Secy. P. T. 

In the House of Representatives June 5 1776, 

Read & accepted & sent up for concurrence, 

J. Warren, Speaker. 
In Council June 6, 1776. 

Read & Concurred by 15 of the Council. 

John Lowell, Depy. Secy. P. T. 

From Barry's History of Massachusetts, Vol. 3, p. 122, we 
learn that from June 10th to the 17th, privateers from Marble- 
head and elsewhere, had captured four or five transport ships, 
from England and Scotland, each having on board from eighty 
to one hundred Highlanders. Soon after this we find some 
Highlanders were sent to Mendon on parole, and, quite proba- 
bly, they were a portion of those who had recently been captured 
at sea, as there had been no battle on the land where they could 
have been made prisoners. 

The following extracts from the Massachusetts Archives and 



1776.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 355 

Letters will furnish, if nothing more, an amusing account of 
their stay in Mention: 

Revolution Council Papers (Mass. Archives), Vol. 1G5, p. 22. 

COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

Council Chamber, June 20, 1776, 
Ordered that Colin McKenzie, Colin McKenzie, Peter Fraser, Colin Mc- 
Kenzie, Alex r McTavish, Dngald Campbell and Donald McBean ;> Officers 
belonging to the Highland Regiment which have lately been made prison- 
ers of war by the Forces of the United Colonies in North America, be put 
under the parole agreed upon this day by the Council and that they shall 
be destined to the Town of Mendon, in the County of Worcester there to 
remain, or within six miles of the place agreed upon for their residence in 
said town during the present war between Great Britain and said Colonies, 
or until the Congress of the United States or the Assembly or Council of 
the said Colony of Massachusetts shall order otherwise; and that each of 
said Officers shall have liberty to take one servant with him, who shall be 
under the same restrictions as the Officers. Each officer to be accountable 
for the conduct of his servant. 

John Lowell, Depy. Se<;y. P. T. 

Watertown June 20. 1776. 
Gentlemen 

The Council have ordered seven officers, lately taken prisoners by 
the American Forces, to the Town of Mendon, there to reside till further 
order. You are therefore directed to afford said Officers your aid and as- 
sistance in procuring them some suitable lodgings. We enclose you the 
Resolves of Congress respecting Prisoners by which you will find that such 
as are officers are to supply themselves and are allowed to draw bills to pay 
for their subsistence and clothing. 

In the Name and by the Order of the Council. 

Council Chamber June 20. 1776. 

Ordered that the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk be and hereby is di- 
rected to employ some proper persons to conduct the Officers, lately taken 
prisoners of War by the American Forces, to the several towns to which 
they are destined. 

John Lowell Dep. Secy. P. T. 

terms of the parole. 

We Capt. Colin McKenzie, Lieut. Colin McKenzie, Ens. Peter Frazer, 
Colin McKenzie, Alex r McTavish, Dugald Campbell and Donald McBean, 
volunteers in the 71st. Regiment of Highlanders, being made Prisoners of 
War by the Forces of the Thirteen United Colonies in North America, do 
promise and engage on our Words and Honors and on the Faith of Gentle- 
men to depart from hence to Mendon, in the Colony of the Massachusetts 
Bay and to remain there or within six miles of the place of our residence 



356 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

in said Town during the present War between Great Britain and the said 
United Colonies, or until the Congress of the said United Colonies or the 
Assembly or Council of the said Colony shall order otherwise : and that we 
will not, directly or indirectly give any intelligence whatever to the enemies 
of the United Colonies, or do or say any thing in opposition to or in preju- 
dice of the measures and proceedings of any Congress for the said Colonies, 
during the present troubles, or until we are duly exchanged or discharged. 
And each of us engage that our servants, being under the same restric- 
tions by Order of the Council, as we ourselves are, shall severally observe 
the same. 
Given under our hands this twenty second day of June A. D. 1776. 

Colin McKenzie, Captain, 
Colin McKenzie, Lieut., 
Peter Fraser, Ensign, 
Colin McKenzie, Volunteer, 
Alexr McTavish, Volunteer, 
Dugald Campbell, Volunteer, 
Donald McBean, Volunteer. 

Revolutionary Letters, Mass. Archives, vol. 195, p. 193. 

Mendon 20th. of August 1776. 

Sir, 
Soon after the arrival of the Scotch Officers to this Town, pursuant to 
the Orders of the Honbie Board, we wrote a few lines to your Honor request- 
ing a solution of certain cpiestions relative to the manner of conducting 
ourselves with Regard to said Officers and their Servants. One of the Se- 
lectmen was ordered to sign said Letter in the name of the rest, but, it 
seems, inadvertently omitted it, and which, we suppose might be the reason 
of our not being favoured with an answer, and by way of excuse that we 
were not apprized of the abovementioned omission (at least most of us) till 
a few hours ago. And as the same difficulty still remains on our minds we 
are under a Necessity of troubling your Honor with another Epistle on the 
subject. 

As we observed in our former Letter there are two large Roads pass 
through this Town, one leading from Worcester to Providence R, I., the 
other from New York and Connecticut to Boston. The latter of these has 
for many years been called the Middle Post Road. Now these Officers, at 
least some of them, are desirous of boarding in the center of the Town, 
where these roads intersect each other. The Selectmen were not willing to 
gratify them in this request, thinking it would not be altogether agreeable 
to the Spirit of the Resolves of Congress. The Officers take it as an 
abridgement of the Liberty granted them and insist that have a right to 
board where they like, in any part of the town. We beg to be instructed 
in this matter. Another difficulty lias arisen with regard to these Officers- 
Servants or Waiters. They have brought five men servants and two women, 
wives, they say, to two of their men servants. The Resolves of Congress 



1776.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 



357 



make no provision for Servants, nor did your Honor mention anything 
concerning them in your Letter to the Selectmen. The officers refuse to 
pay for their board and we cannot find any one willing to trust to any other 
pay. A Difference having arisen between one of said Officers and his Ser- 
vant, the Officer has left the house where he used to board and left his 
servant behind, refusing to pay his board. The Entertainer, to secure his 
pay, detains the Officer's Trunk and part of his clothing. We must entreat 
your Honor to explain our Duty to us in these matters. 

We are, with the greatest, your Honor's most Obedient, humble servant, 

Peter Penniman, in the Name and by 
Order of the Selectmen. 

This letter was undoubtedly directed to John Lowell, Dep. 
Sec. P. T. of the Council. Rec. Council Papers, (Mass Ar- 
chives) vol. 165, p. 143. 

The following order was passed upon the reception of a letter 
(the first one lost) from the Selectmen of Mendon. 

Council Chamber, Aug. 23, 1776. 

The Board thinking it proper that the Officers, viz: Colin McKenzie, 
Capt., Colin McKenzie, Lieut., Peter Frazer, Ensign,. and Colin McKenzie, 
Alexr McTarish, Dugald Campbell and Donald McBean, Volunteers, with 
their Servants, Prisioners of War, who were sent to the Town of Mendon, 
in the County of Worcester, should be removed to the Town of Grafton in 
said County. 

Ordered that the Sheriff of the aforesaid County be directed, Immedi- 
ately, to remove the said Officers and their Servants, except the one who 
has been dismissed, to the said Town of Grafton and deliver them to the 
care of the Committee of Safety and Inspection ; and he is further Ordered 
to deliver to said Officers their Parole for their residence in Mendon upon 
their signing a like Parole for their tarrying in Grafton. 

For some reason, which does ndt appear, the order failed to 
reach the Sheriff, as will appear by the following: 
Rec. Letters (Mass. Ar.) vol. 205, p. 353. 

Mendon Nov. 13. 1776. 
Sir, 

The Committee of Correspondence &c. of the Town of Mendon have 
reed, a Letter from the Hon ble Council of this State informing us that they 
have ordered your Honor to remove all the Prisioners in Mendon to the 
Town of Grafton, and the Committee have been waiting impatiently for 
their removal, for the following reasons, that is that they have got ac- 
quainted with all parts of the town, or the people in all parts of it; and some 
persons in said town, seem to favour their cause, and further persons from 
different Neighboring Towns come lurking round them, for what reason 
we are not able, at this time, to assign, but we believe for no good intent. 



Committee of Correspondence, 

Inspection and 

Safety, 

For the Town 



358 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

and we think it best for the Good and Safety of the State that they be re- 
moved from this Town immediately, to some other Town. In so doing 
you will oblige yrs, &c. , 

John Tyler, 

JOS. GlBBS, 

John Albee, 
Gideon Albee, 

Henry Benson, j of Mendon. 

To Simeon Dwight, Sheriff of the County of Worcester, Dlr. these. 

Western Nov. 16, 1776. ■ 

To the Hon ble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay: 

I send you Inclosed 
a letter I received from the Committee of Correspondence &c. &c. of the 
Town of Mendon wherein your Honors may observe that they Inform me 
that your Honors have Informed them, by a letter, that you have ordered 
me to remove the Prisoners in Mendon &c. 

I beg leave to inform your Honors that I have received no such Order, 
but shall be ready to obey when I shall receive it. 

I am your Honor's most Obedient and most Humble Servant. 

Simeon Dwight. 

Rec. Council Papers (Mass. Ar.) vol. 166, p. 12. 

Gentlemen 

I take the liberty of appealing to your justice from the Ignorance 
and Brutality of the Committee and Selectmen of this Town which have 
reduced the British Prisoners on their Parole here to a situation which 
(to borrow an expression of your late proclamation) is less a favor than the 
Grave. Notwithstanding our utmost endeavours to live on good terms with 
the people we have been constantly insulted from the very day of our ar- 
rival. Their threats of Assassination we have overlooked as the least 
considerable in the whole Catalogue of our Grievances, the idea of Death 
being familiar to Soldiers. We have been restricted to houses unfit to pro- 
vide for us and to bounds far narrower than those prescribed by Congress. 
I do not mean to involve all the Inhabitants in an indiscriminate censure. 
Some few there are of a more ingenuous nature, but they must be cautious 
of showing any symptoms of sympathy, unless they choose to be branded 
as Enemies of America. It is the- conduct of our Prosecutors which mil- 
itates, in every view, against the cause they pretend to support. 

One of our Gentlemen was sent to jail the other day for saying, if he 
was clear of his parole and at the head of a thousand Tories and four hun- 
dred Highlanders that he thought he could force his way to a sea port ; and 
even this expression (which never can be construed into a breach of his 
parole) he was provoked to by the most indecent reflections on the Brit- 
ish Troops. Two soldiers were imprisoned at the same time for Crimes too 
trifling to be mentioned. Another of our Gentlemen had a narrow escape, 
having been accused of saying that he held fast his integrity and I was on 



177(). | ANNALS OF MENDON. 359 

the Briuk of being brought to Trouble for threatening to set the North 
River on Fire. Such are our judges! May they never be so judged. 

A jail, such as the British jail at Quebec has been described to me by 
American prisoners, who have passed some time there, were a welcome 
Asylum to the miseries we feel ; but Worcester Jail is only another name 
for Horror! A wretched pittance of the most wretched provisions, a total 
want of fire, bedding and every other comfort and deprivation, in some 
degree, of the blessed light of heaven, constitute only the most tolerable 
part of the accumulated calamities of those unhappy men who are on the 
Brink of falling victims to Barbarity in that Mansion of Despair. Reflect, 
Gentlemen, how hard such usage as we meet must bear on men fostered in 
the bosom of British Liberty. That you are ignorant of our sufferings, I 
firmly believe, nor is it to be supposed you could bear the thoughts of ad- 
dressing the All Seeing Deity, on the approaching occasion* under the con- 
sciousness of so enormous a Breach of the Laws of God and Dictates of 
Humanity! We seek not to interest your passions — we implore not your 
Pity, but we appeal to your Justice — from that we expect an immediate 
alleviation of our Hardships. 

I have the Honor to be with all due Respect, 
Gentlemen 

Your most obedient and most humble Servant, 

Colin McKenzie, Capt. 
in the 71st Regt Foot. 
Mendon, Nov. 3, 1776. The Pres. & Council. 

Memorandum Rec M by the Ticonderoga Post, Dec. 16, 1776. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, 

Council Chamber, Dec. 17, 1776. 
Ordered that the Secretary be and he is hereby directed to serve the Se- 
lectmen and Committee of Correspondence &c. for the Town of Mendon, 
with an attested copy of a letter, now before the Board, signed by Colin 
McKenzie, Captain in the 71st Reg. of Foot dated Dec. 3, 1776 and also a 
Copy of this Order, and said Selectmen and Committee are hereby directed, 
immediately, to make answer to this Board to the contents of said Letter. 

Although nothing was found in the State Archives at Boston 
of the doings of the Council upon the appearance of the Select- 
men and the Committee, still it is presumed a hearing was had, 
as may be inferred by the following letter. 

Rec. Council papers, vol. 166, p. 170. 

Gentlemen, 

I yesterday received the Honour of your Letter of the 17th. 
and it is with pleasure I acknowledge the ready Condescension with which 
you have considered my complaint against the Selectmen and Committee 

♦Thanksgiving. 



360 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1776. 

of this place. I might have greatly swelled the charge, by informing you 
of their confining, without any cause, the Master of a Transport* who 
came here to visit us, and sending him to Boston, under a Guard of their 
own Members, after having extorted money from him by threatening to 
commit him to Worcester Jail; of their searching the country, in the gen- 
uine spirit of the Inquisition, for Women whom they might persuade to 
swear a Rape againt uss; of their assaulting our Lodgings at Midnight with 
a Mob ; of their obliging us to quit a house in which we were civilly treated 
for that of a Man whom they knew to be of an infamous character as well 
as to have constantly discovered a particular Inveterancy against us. 

These and some further particulars of the same kind I might have enu- 
merated, as well as added many aggravating circumstances; but I confined 
myself to what I judged sufficient to engage your Interposition in our Fa- 
vour, and which we seem already to have experienced the good effects, for 
we have lately been Enlarged from close confinement to which we had been 
hauled away from our Lodging in the Night Time without any reason as- 
signed for such usage. We have also obtained a privilege of which we 
apprehend neither the Congress nor you ever thought of depriving us, that 
of choosing our own Lodgings in which we have yet met no disturbance, 
so that, if the Selectmen and Committee abstain from further Injuries we 
are willing to forget the past. 

Indeed I never meant to enter into any contest with such unreason- 
able Men, much less to trouble you with calling to an Account Men who 
seem not to have been designed by Nature for accountable beings. Some 
of the Excesses, they would have us believe, they were compelled to by 
the Inhabitants, but this wretched Apology of those unhappy men, is flatly 
contradicted by the respectable part of the Inhabitants, who e'ntertain too 
great contempt for their Meanness and Incapacity to countenance their Pro- 
ceedings. That men of their own stamp should concur in their Enormities 
is natural enough. 

I now take the liberty of soliciting your Honorable Boards Approbation 
and concurrence upon a proposal which has just been made to me from 
Capt. Simeon Thayer of the Continental Troops, now on his Parole at 
Providence, of an exchange betwixt him and me. And that you may have 
no further Trouble in the Transaction I beg leave to propose that I may be 
permitted to go to Rhode Island, on my parole, in order to conclude it. If 
an exchange cannot be effected, my next wish is to be sent to Rhode Island, 
New York or Halifax, on the same terms on which so many American Of- 
ficers have been dismissed by our Generals. Your extending this indul- 
gence to the rest of the Gentlemen will be an additional obligation on all of 
us particularly on 

Gentlemen 

Your much obliged humble Servant, 

Colin McKenzie, Capt. 17th Regt. Foot. 

Mendon, Dec. 31, 1776. 

The Honbie President and Council. 

*Huc;h Walker. 



1777.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 361 



The following extract from the "Record of the Boston Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, May to Nov. 
1776," now (April, 1880,) being published in the N". E. His.' and 
Gen. Register, will, at least, settle the matter that Hugh Walker 
and the Master of the Transport, mentioned in Capt. McKen- 
zie's letter, was the same person. 

Boston Com. of Correspondence &c. p. 58. 

" The Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety for the 
Town of Mendon, acquaints this Committee by a printing on file, that they 
had sent one Hugh Walker to this Town, who was taken up at Mendon as 
a Stroller & corresponding with Capt. McKenzie, an officer placed in that 
Town on Parole — and they pray that proper care may be taken of him by 
this Committee. 

M r - Thomas directed to order said Walker's attendance to-morrow Even- 
ing at this place. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, 
at the Council Chamber, September 24 th . 

M r - Hugh Walker attended according to order, and, being inquired of 
respecting his business at Mendon ; he assured the Committee that his being 
in that Town was in order to settle an Account and receive a balance to him 
from Capt. McKenzie. M r - Walker was dismissed, being first cautioned 
against leaving this town without a permit for his doing it being obtained 
from this Committee." 



1777. In Council Jan. 8, 1777. 

The above Letter- Read and Committed to Richard Derby Esq., to con- 
sider the same and report. 

John Avery, Depy. Sec. 

State of Massachusetts, 

Council Chamber, Apr. 16, 1777. 
Ordered that Capt. Colin McKenzie be and he is hereby permitted to go to 
New York to procure the Liberation of Capt. John Johnson in the service 
of the United States of America, detained a prisoner aforesaid, Giving his 
Parole and engaging to do all in his power to obtain the exchange or return 
himself within five weeks from the date hereof. Said Capt. McKenzie to 
go with Capt. Thomas Jenner Carnes to the Lines at or near New York. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, 

Council Chamber, April 16, 1777. 
I, Colin McKenzie, Captain of a Company in the 71st Regiment of Foot, 
a prisoner, being permitted to depart this State, by the Hon ble Council to 

46 



362 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1777. 

go to New York to procure the exchange of John Johnson, Captain in the 
service of the United States, giving my Parole of Honor and engaging to 
do all in my power to procure the liberation of said Johnson, if he is yet 
detained as a prisoner in New York, if not, and he is already exchanged, I 
promise upon my Honor to procure the liberation of some other officer of 
equal rank with myself, or will return within the term of five weeks from 
the date hereof, and that I will not directly or indirectly give any intelli- 
gence whatever to the Enemies of the United States, or do or say any thing 
in opposition to or in prejudice of the Measures and proceedings of any 
Congress or Assemblies for the said States during the present war or until 
I am duly discharged. 

Colin McKenzie, Capt. 71s. Regt. British. 

G. Patridge, 

Wm. Greenleaf, Jr. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, 

Council Chamber, Apr 16, 1777. 
Ordered that the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk be and he is hereby 
directed to take into custody and safely keep the body of Colin McKenzie, 
now a prisoner in this State and upon his parole of Honor, so that he may 
be had before this Board tomorrow morning at ten o'clock to answer for 
his conduct. 

It is presumed that the Colin McKenzie who was ordered 
under arrest by the Sheriff of Suffolk County, to be produced 
before the Council the next day at ten o'clock in the forenoon, 
was the Colin McKenzie, Captain, who had just given his parole 
in the Council Chamber. Something had come to the knowl- 
edge of the Council, after the acceptance of hie parole, which 
led to the order for his arrest. ' 

What became of the matter, or how long any of the prisoners 
remained at Mendon is not known. 

March 3. Chose for Selectmen, Edward Rawson, Esq., Lieut. 
Seth Nelson, Jonathan Cass, Maj. Joseph Daniels and Moses 
Chapin; Town Clerk and Treasurer, Joseph Dorr, Esq.; Samuel 
Fairbanks, Eben'r. Sumner and Seth Taft, Jr., for Constables; 
Committee of Correspondence, Edward Rawson, Esq., Capt. 
Samuel Warren, Ens. Henry Benson, Maj. Joseph Daniels and 
Ebenezer Holbrook. Deer Reeves and Wardens still chosen. 

Voted that each military company shall have the disposal of 
the fines incurred during the late levy. From this it would 
seem that there had been a draft, and that the service required 
could be commuted by the payment of a fine. 



1777.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 363 

At this meeting it was voted to grant every non-commissioned 
officer and soldier who shall voluntarily enlist into the Continen- 
tal service, for the defence of the American States, the sum of 
£12 until the town's quota be completed. 

Voted that Capt. John Tyler, Capt. Peter Penniman, Capt. 
Samuel Warren, Mr. Henry Benson, Lieut. Seth Nelson, Mr. 
James Sumner and Lieut. Philip Ammidown be a committee "to 
inquire what persons in the town have done more than their 
proportion towards the War and make an average between them 
and those who have done less. And that said Committee use 
their utmost endeavours to Inlist soldiers into the Continental 
Service upon the additional encouragement voted by the town." 

March 12. Voted that the Selectmen borrow £12 for each 
man who shall enlist to make up the town's quota in the Conti- 
nental Army, and to pay that sum upon their passing muster, 
and take their receipt for the same. 

Voted to pay the. Soldiers that marched in the Militia to New 
York, in the month of September last (1776) for two months 
and eight days, at the rate of 20s. per month, and the Selectmen 
to borrow the money. 

March 17. Voted to pay Henry Benson for extraordinary 
services on the Committee of Correspondence for 1776, £2.07.07. 

March 31. It seems recruiting went on a slow pace, as, at a 
town meeting held this day, it was voted to add £18 per man to 
the £12 already granted to encourage soldiers to enlist into the 
Continental service for three years or during the war. 

Voted that the Militia officers be desired to convene their 
respective companies, and to do all in their power to promote the 
enlistment of their men. 

In the olden time, before vaccination had been introduced, 
hospitals would be opened for inoculation for the small-pox. 
At this time Dr. Samuel Willard, of Uxbridge, and his brother, 
Dr. Levi Willard, of Mendon, had opened a hospital in Mendon, 
located, as learned from tradition, a little way north from the 
house of Thomas J. Nugent. It seems, however, the town was 
averse to a pest house, as the hospital was called, and at this 
meeting it was 

Voted "that the Inoculating Hospital carried on by Dr. 
Samuel Willard and Dr. Levi Willard be immediately discontin- 



364 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1777. 

ued," and to make the matter sure, voted not to have an inocu- 
lating hospital. 

May 23. Lieut. Seth Nelson and Oapt. John Tyler were 
chosen Representatives to the General Court. 

The second article in the warrant for this meeting reads as 
follows, viz: — 

"To choose by ballot some meet person, who is firmly attached to the 
American Cause to procure and lay before the Court (described in An Act, 
entitled an Act for securing this and the other United States, against the 
Dangers to which they are exposed by the Internal Enemies thereof) the 
evidence that may be had of the Enemical Disposition toward this army 
of the United States, of any Inhabitant of this town who shall be 
charged by the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of said Town, in manner 
mentioned in said Act, of their being persons whose Residence in this State 
is dangerous to the public Peace and Safety." 

Under this article Maj. Joseph Daniels was chosen by ballot, 
as the meet person to procure evidence, if any there be, to lay 
before the Special Court of Sessions. 

At this time we find the first recorded petition for a town 
meeting, praying the town to put a stop to any further inocu- 
lating for the small-pox in the Widow Rachel Taft's house; to 
prevent any who may have been inoculated from being kept in 
any other house in town except the Pest House and to put a 
stop to any one freopienting the Pest House except on particular 
business. At the town meeting the prayer of the petition was 
granted. 

At a town meeting June 30, the second article in the warrant 
was in these words: "To choose 3, 5 or 7 persons to be put 
under oath to Prosecute all Breaches of the Acts, made by au- 
thority of the State, for Preventing Monopoly and Oppression 
that shall come tc their knowledge." 

Upon this article the town voted "to suspend action for the 
present." 

The town again voted they would not have a work house. 

Sept. 1. Voted that Joseph Dorr, Esq., Capt. John Tyler, 
Coroner James Sumner, Mr. Aaron Everett and Capt. Gershom 
Nelson be a committee to draft a petition to the General Court 
to give reasons why the town should not be held to raise an ad- 
dition of men to those raised for one-seventh part of the militia 
last summer, 177G. 



1777.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 365 

At the time of the call for one-seventh of the militia in 1776, 
there were four companies in Mendon, commanded respectively 
by Captains John Albee, William Jennison, Joseph Daniels and 
Gershom Nelson, and numbering one hundred and sixty-three 
men. One-seventh of this number is twenty-three, and which 
number, it is supposed, had been duly mustered into the service. 

Sept. 15. Voted to raise £2,000 to pay the soldiers and other 
town charges for the present year. 

Voted to raise £60 for schooling, exclusive of the interest of 
the school bonds. 

Voted to allow Capt. John Tyler £1 for his expenses for two 
journeys, viz: — One to Worcester and one to Watertown on ac- 
count of the British prisoners. 

Nov. 24. Voted, as the minds of the town, that the late act 
of the General Court for calling in the State money and issuing 
Treasury notes on interest ought to be repealed; and Maj. Dan- 
iels, Ens. Pelatiah Darling, Lieut. Joseph Johnson, Mr. Nehe- 
miah Nelson and Mr. Samuel Fairbanks were instructed to draw 
up a remonstrance against said act, and present the same to the 
General Court. 

Chose Capt. John Albee, Lieut. Seth Thayer, Mr. John Ben- 
son, Mr. Samuel Fairbanks and Mr. Ebenezer Read to provide 
for the families of the officers and soldiers now in the army- 
Voted to raise £600, in addition to the sum already raised, for 
the disbursement of town charges. 
Rev. Court Papers, Vol. 173, p. 182, 

STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

Council Chamber May 9. 1777. 
Ordered that the Commissary General of this State be and he is hereby 
directed immediately to forward one ton and a half of lead and Five thou- 
sand flints to the Town of Mendon and deliver the same to Ichabod Ammi- 
down, Inholder, to be by him delivered to Governor Trumbull's order 
Read and accepted — 

John Avery, Depy. Secy. 

MENDON SOLDIERS. 

The following are the names of Mendon men who enlisted for 
three years. Second Company (Mill River) 19: 



366 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1778. 

Joseph Passmore James Battles Amariah Albee 

Joel Thayer Henry Nelson Boyce Kimball 

Phineas Tanner? Isaac Chapin Eben r Thompson 

John Brown Jona n Whitney Oliver Chapin 

Wm. Lesure Josiah Chapin Simeon Smith 

Stephen Lesure John Hayward Silas Brown 

David or Daniel Cutler. 
Note. The above said Oliver Chapin is one of Gen Washington's Life 
Guards, and the above said Simeon Smith is in the Corps of Artillery under 
Lieut. Thomas Bailey. 

The following men enlisted in the cavalry: Ezra Marshall, 
Elijah Stockier, Wm. Taylor, Noah Smith, Thomas Goodwin, 
Thomas Welch, Jack Allen, Joshua Dix or Dise, and Eben 1 ' 
Wheelock. 

On the roster containing the above names is the following en- 
try: "John or Jacob East, seaman, taken prisoner in the Vixen 
and brought into Boston 1777." 

On another roster, the following names are found, being "the 
names of men whose terms of service will expire in 1780, viz: — 
Benj. Hayward, Gustavus Aldrich, John Albee, Levi Darling, 
Peter Darling, Jona. Boyce, Jabez Albee or Allen, and Wm. 
Phillips." 



1778. Jan. 6. Maj. Joseph Daniels, Joseph Dorr, Esq., 
Coroner James Sumner, Mr. Joseph Benson, Jr., and Edward 
Rawson, Esq., were chosen a Committee to instruct each of the 
Representatives in the General Court, in regard to each article 
in the Confederation proposed by Congress, and sent by the Gen- 
eral Court to each town in the State; and report to the town at 
the adjournment of this meeting. 

At the adjournment of the meeting held Jan. 12, the Com- 
mittee probably made a report although none appears on the 
record. 

The town then voted to approve the thirteen articles of Con- 
federation proposed to the United States for a perpetual Union, 
and also of eight resolves passed in Congress. The Representa- 
tives were instructed to vote for the articles whenever they came 
up in the General Court, and the Clerk was directed to furnish 
each Representative with a copy of this vote. 



1777.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 367 

Voted that the town would assess themselves with their pro- 
portion of the £400,000 voted hy the General Court, and the 
Assessors were directed to assess the same forthwith. Instead of 
£400.000 the sum raised, as may be seen in a foot note in Bar- 
ry's History of Massachusetts vol. 3, p. 147, was £314,520.01.09 
of which sum £8883.07.06 was appropriated to pay the Repre- 
sentatives to the General Court for 1776. 

Valuations vol. 161, p. 158, Mass. Ar. 

The following is an Account of the Number of Male Inhabitants in the 
Town of Mendon, in the County of Worcester & State of Massachusetts 
Bay, who were Sixteen years old and upwards, on the first day of January 
1777, taken by us the Subscribers in observance of a Resolve of the Great 
& General Court of this State, dated Dec. 9, 1776. 

The whole Number is Five Hundred and Seventy Two. 
In which number are included four Negroes, and also Fifty Males of the 
Denomination of Christians Called Quakers, which were so reputed before 
the 19th day of April 1775, though they have never produced certificates 
according to law, but have always refused to do military duty. 

There are also included in the above number the following persons viz: 
John Torrey and his son Joseph Torrey and William Torrey and Jonathan 
Williams all of Boston. Eliezer Dunton from Newport, Rhode Island and 
Clemence Peckham, Apprentice to said Dunton. 

Peter Penniman "] 
Jonathan Jones | Selectmen 
Peletiah Darling V of 
Samuel Fairbanks | Mendon 
Ebenezer Sumner J 
Mendon, Jan 31, 1777. 

Worcester ss. 11th Feb. 1778. 

I certify that the above named Selectmen of 
Mendon for the year 1776, previous to making the above Return of the 
Number of Male Inhabitants in said Town of Mendon which were Sixteen 
years old and upwards on the first day of January 1777, personally appear- 
ed and made oath, that in the performance of said trust they acted with 
faithfulness and impartiality, and that the foregoing Return, according to 
the best of their knowledge contained a true account of the number of 
Male Inhabitants in said Town which were Sixteen years old on the first 
day of Jan. 1777. 

Joseph Dorr, Justice of the Peace. 

March 2. Chose for Selectmen Joseph Dorr, Esq., Dea. John 
Chapin, Mr. Stephen Benson, Mr. John Penniman and Mr. Ich- 
abod Thayer, Jr.; for Town Clerk and Treasurer, Joseph Dorr, 
Esq. ; Constables, Levi Eawson, Jonathan Jones and Ens. Pele- 
tiah Darling. Dea. Josiah Adams was chose Grand Juryman. 



368 ANNALS OF MEN DON. [1778. 

March 16. Voted that the Assessors and those chosen to as- 
sist them in taking the valuation should have 10s.. per day. 

Voted not to build a Work House, but to hire one, and chose 
Maj. Joseph Daniels, Capt. Samuel Warren and Mr. James 
Blake, Overseers of the Poor. This is the first election of Over- 
seers of the Poor, the Wardens, heretofore, performing that 
duty. 

Maj. Daniels, Capt. Warren and Mr. James Blake were chosen 
a Committee to provide for the families of the Continental sol- 
diers that went out of this town. 

By the following vote we shall learn that, at this time, Men- 
don had seventy-five men, in actual service, in the Continental 
army. 

Voted to procure one pair of shoes, one pair of stockings and 
one shirt for each Continental soldier for this town, viz: 75 pairs 
of shoes, 75 pairs of stockings and 75 shirts, and then voted to' 
double the number of shirts and stockings. 

Lieut. Philip Ammidown, Mr. Josiah Wheelock and Mr. John 
Benson were chosen a Committee to procure the aforesaid arti- 
ticles and bring in their account to the Selectmen who were in- 
structed to allow and pay the same. 

The shirts were to be made of good tow cloth, whitened, 
seven-eighths in width, three and one half yards in a shirt. The 
stockings to be made of good large size white yarn and well 
knit. The shoes to be made of good neat leather and soles of 
well tanned leather with straps for buckles. The articles were 
to be got ready by April 1, and the Committee was to agree with 
some one to convey them to the soldiers. 

Mass. Arch. Rec. and Miscel', vol. 141, p. 232. 

May 1, 1779, the following account of the town of Mendon 
for supplies was allowed and paid to the Selectmen, viz: 

75 Shirts at 43s £161.05.00 

75 Prs. of Shoes at 48s 180.00.00 

75 " •' Stockings at 33s 123.15.00 

40 Miles transportation 6.00.00 Total £471.00.00 

Receipted for by JosEPn Dorr 

Nov. 26, 1779. The following account was directed to be 
paid, viz: 



1778.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 36!) 

75 Shirts at 120s £450.00.00 

75 Prs. Shoes " 144s 540.00.00 

75 " Stockings " 80s 292.00.00 

12 Miles transportation 15.00.00 

Allowed Selectmen 33.00.00 £1330.00.00 

It is presumed that the difference in price of the same articles 
from May to November was the rate of the depreciation of the 
Continental currency between the two periods. 

April 13. The steel belonging to the town was sold this day 
by public auction to Capt. Philip Paine at 8s. 6d. per lb. Capt. 
Paine, it is presumed, lived at Woon socket, as he was taxed in 
Khode Island. 

At the same time the town voted that they would not insist on 
his paying a tax for £800 in this town for which he is taxed in 
Providence, E. I. 

The subject of a Hospital for Small-pox was again brought up 
for consideration, but the town adhered to their former refusal. 

May 11. Joseph Dorr, Esq., .Tames Sumner, Peletiah Dar- 
ling, Edward Eawson, Esq., Samuel Jones, James Lovett, Aaron 
Everett, Nehemiah Nelson and Levi Aldrich were chosen a Com- 
mittee to make an estimate of the service of all the men who 
have done a Tour in the War, since the commencement thereof. 

Capts. Samuel Craggin, Nelson and Penniman, Samuel Green, 
Levi Aldrich, Samuel Warren, John Tyler, and Lieuts. Seth 
Nelson and Abraham Staples were chosen a Committee to hire 
the several quotas of men the town may be called to furnish 
from time to time. 

Voted that the Selectmen be authorized to borrow money to 
supply said committee in the town's behalf. 

Voted to raise £2000 to defray town charges and that the same 
be assessed immediately. 

May 21. . A meeting of the male inhabitants, twenty-one 
years of age and being free, was held this day to take into con- 
sideration the draft of a constitution which had been framed by 
the General Court of May 28, 1777. At a previous meeting a 
committee, of which Josejjh Dorr, Esq., was Chairman, was 
chosen to consider the subject and report to the town at the May 
meeting. 

The report of the committee having been read, but of which 

47 



370 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1778. 

no copy is found, the Moderator, Edward Rawson, Esq., took a 
vote on the Constitution, as follows: " Those members of the 
meeting who approve the Constitution or form of Government 
are desired to repair to the west end of the Meeting House, and 
those who do not approve of the Constitution or Form of Gov- 
ernment-are desired to move to the east end of the Meeting 
House;" and upon counting the members upon each side it ap- 
peared there wer.e two members who approved and fifty-seven 
who disapproved said Constitution. 

Voted that the Town Clerk attest the report of the committee, 
and that the same be sent to the General Court, that the Court 
may be informed in what particulars the town dislike said Con- 
stitution. Just what the town's objections were Ave have, at this 
day, no means of knowing, as the Town Clerk (Joseph Dorr, 
Esq., and who was also chairman of the committee, and very 
probably drew up the report) failed to enter it in the record of 
the meeting. In this regard the Town Clerks of later days are, 
in most cases, equally at fault. The reading of the report served 
its purpose at the time, but, considering the subject and the 
ability of its probable author, it would undoubtedly have been 
an interesting document for the reader of the present day. 

May 21. Edward Rawson, Esq., was chosen this day Repre- 
sentative to the General Court. 

Voted to raise £15,000, including £2,000 raised before for 
town charges, and £300 for schools. These sums were undoubt- 
edly in the depreciated Continental currency of the day. 

Chose Capt. John Albee, Deacon Albee (supposed Gideon) and 
James Sumner a committee to look up the matter of Puffer's 
land and grist mill. 

It will be remembered that there was an original grant of fifty 
acres of land to Benjamin Albee, his heirs and assigns, provided 
he or they should always keep up a grist mill for the town's use. 
The probability is, that at this time the present owner had let 
the mill fall out of repair, and hence the present action of the 
town. 

Sept. 21. Voted to accept the estimate and average last pre- 
pared by the committee, of the time served by the soldiers in the 
war, &c. 

Dec. 16. Voted that the committee who formed the last aver- 



1778.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 371 

age of the services done (by the soldiers) .and money paid by in- 
dividuals since the commencement of the present war be ordered 
to furnish the several [Constables] in the town with a list of the 
names of all the persons who are entitled to receive their part of 
the estimate or average and what part each individual is to 
receive. 

Voted that the Constables [collectors also] in the town be and 
they are hereby directed to pay each individual or order the sums 
set against their names respectively in said lists delivered to them 
by the committee. 

Voted that the Selectmen purchase what guns the town is 
allowed to purchase of the Board of War and sell them to the 
inhabitants, but not more than one gun to any one man. 

Till-: TORIES. 

For the better understanding of the following petition, it 
should be stated that the British were in possession of Newport, 
in Rhode Island, and, without doubt, there were some persons 
in the towns adjacent to Rhode Island who still remained loyal 
to the British Crown, and, when occasion offered, might some- 
times furnish aid and comfort to their friends. We believe, 
however, that there were but few in Mention, as tradition has 
brought down the names of only one or two who were suspected 
of dealing with the enemy. 

Rev. Petitions, Vol. 184, p. 3:38. 

To the Honorable the Council and House of Representatives of the State 
of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assembled. 

We the subscribers, Committees of Correspondence, Inspection and 
Safety of the Towns of Mendon, Hopkinton and Holliston, Beg leave to 
represent to your Honors that, in the course of their Inspection they have 
conceived strong suspicions that sundry persons (either Inimically disposed 
to the Freedom of the United States, or who, for the sake of Aggrandizing 
themselves with a little Sordid gain, tho' perhaps, at the expense of their 
own and their Country's Freedom) have, in a Traitorous, Clandestine man- 
ner (as we have reason to fear) carried on a Commercial Correspondence 
with our most cruel, Insidious and Merciless Enemies, by purchasing and 
Conveying, all the Necessaries of life that lie in their power, to the Towns 
and places near Rhode Island, and other parts of this State, which, we 
have too much reason to fear are conveyed from thence to our Cruel and 
Merciless Invaders, thereby not only encouraging and Feeding those who 
arc, ny every artifice and low cunning in their power, endeavouring to 



372 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1778. 

carry Fire and Sword into the Bowels of these Infant States, but, as we fear 
will, if not speedily prevented, prove very distressful, if not distructive to 
the good people of this State, not only by advancing the price of provisions 
at an enormous Rate, but, in our opinion, Highly Threatens Poverty and 
Famine to the good people of this State. 

Whereupon your Informants have been frequently called upon, by well 
Affected Persons and by their own observation to exert themselves in their 
capacity to the utmost of their Power to put a stop to such pernicious prac- 
tices. But upon due examination of the Resolutions of the Legislature of 
this State thereon, cannot find the Laws of this State do afford your In- 
formants sufficient Support therefor; Wherefore as friends to our much 
injured and bleeding Country whose Distress loudly calls on all her Friends 
and Servants to use every precaution in their Power to save her from Im- 
pending Ruin, and, as we esteem Freedom far Superior to any other earthly 
enjoyment, we do now appeal to your Honors as the Chief Guardians (next 
under Heaven) of our Liberties and privileges and in whose hand are in- 
trusted the most weighty affairs of State, Humbly Pray your Honors would 
take this Information into Consideration and enact such laws or give such 
directions to your Informants and others in like capacity as your Honors 
in your great wisdom shall judge proper to prevent such Dangerous prac- 
tices from being carried any Further into Execution, and your Informants 
as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

James Lovett, ' Joshua Heminway, Jacob Gibbs, 

James Brattle, James Perry, Abel Fisk, 

Ebenr. Read, Drury Fairbanks, Samll. Daniels, 

Robert Mellen, Timothy Rockwood Jr. 

Holliston Jan. 15. 1778. 

This petition, it appears was referred by the General Court to 
a committee, who made the following report: 

Boston Feb. 1778. 

< 

The Committee on the Petition of Jacob Gibbs and others, Beg leave to 
Report that it is their opinion that a bill should be brought in to prevent 
the carrying on a Commercial Correspondence with persons inimical to the 
United States. It is our opinion that no person or persons should have 
liberty to purchase any of the necessaries of life in any Town within this 
State without first obtaining a Certificate from the Selectmen or Commit- 
tees of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety of the Town to which they 
belong that they are Persons Friendly Disposed to the United States. 

How State Paupers were determined in 1778. 

STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

To the Honourable the Council and House of Representatives of said 
State at Roxbury Assembled April y e 13, 1778. 



1778.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 373 



The Petition of the Overseers of the Poor of the Town of Mendon iu 
the County of Worcester in said State, 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That in the year 1775 one Elizabeth Cummings, a Tran- 
sient person, came to reside within the said Town of Mendon, who informs 
us that about 1770 she came from Ireland, passenger with Capt. Harry Bow- 
ers and Mr. Caldwell who bound her out to Mr. Joshua Hayward of East 
Town, for the term of four years, to pay her passage, she then being about 
14 or 15 years old. That in y e said year 1775 as aforesaid she came to re- 
side in the Town of Mendon, that since that time she has been delivered of 
two Male Bastard Children. She not being able to support herself and 
children, threw her-self on the Town for the maintenance of herself and 
Chidren; and she not having gained a settlement in any town within this 
State the Town of Mendon have been at Great cost for her support. 

We the Subscribers in our capacity as Overseers of the Poor in said 
Town, Pray that your Honors would take this affair into your wise and im- 
partial consideration and order payment of the account herewith exhibited 
by said Town and order that the said Elizabeth and her two children be 
made a State charge for the future ; the Town of Mendon not having pow- 
er to remove her to any other Town before they were born, and one of the 
men charged to be the father Inlisted into the Continental service, the other 
a Prisoner of war. 

The State of Massachusetts Bay To the Town of Mendon. Dr. 
To Supporting Elizabeth Cummings and boys at the Widow Bethiah Taft's 

from y e 23d. of Sepf- to Oct, 14th at 18s. pr. week £2 14 00 

For her nursing & lying-in charge & boarding children @, 30s pr 

week 7 16 00 

Nov. 23. Paid Caleb Wilder for keeping said Elizabeth and 

children 4 days at 4s per day •. . . . 16 00 

Paid John Holden for 8 days at 4s. per day 1 12 00 

Paid Seth Wheelock for 5 days at 4s. pr. day 1 00 00 

Paid Philip Ammidown for 20 days at 4s. pr. day 4 00 00 

Paid Jonathan Cass for 6 weeks & 1 day at 30s. pr. week 9 12 03 

Paid Joseph Blake for 5 weeks & 2 days at 30s. pr. week 7 18 07 

Paid Philip Ammidown for t removing her and two children 5 

miles in the Winter & Bad Travelling 1 00 00 

£36 08 10 
The above account being thirty-six pounds, eight shillings and ten 
pence which the Town of Mendon have paid for y e said Elizabeth Cum- 
mings and her two children for which we pray allowance and pray that 
the same may be made payable to Capt. John Tyler or Mr. Seth Nelson for 
the use of the Town of Mendon, as your Humble Petitioners in duty 

bound will ever pray. ■ 

Joseph Daniels, \ Overseers of the Poor 
Samuel Warren, [• of the Town of 
James Blake. ) Mendon. 



374 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1778. 

Worcester ss. April y e 13, 1778. Personally appeared Messrs. Joseph 
Daniels, Saml. Warren and Jas. Blake, Overseers of the Poor of the Town 
of Mendon, and made solemn oath that the foregoing Account is just and 
true in all its parts to the best of their knowledge. 

Before me, Edward Rawson, Justice of the Peace. 

Rev. Resolves (Mass. Ar.) vol. 218, p. 342. 

STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

In the House of Representatives April 29, 1778. 

On the Petition of the Overseers of the Poor of the Town of Mendon, 
praying that the charges they have been at in Maintaining and Supporting 
Elizabeth Cummings and her two children may be allowed and paid out of 
the Public Treasury of this State to Mr. Seth Nelson, and that she, the said 
Elizabeth Cummings and her two children be made a State charge for the 
future for reasons set forth in said Petition. 

Resolved, that the Prayer of said Petition be Granted and that there be 
paid out of the Public Treasury of this State to Mr. Seth Nelson, the sum 
of Thirty six pounds eight shillings and ten pence L. M. for the charges 
the town of Mendon have been at in maintaining and supporting the said 
Elizabeth Cummings and her two children, he the said Nelson giving his 
receipt to the Treasurer of the State for the same : and it is further Resolved 
that the said Elizabeth Cummings and her two children be made a State 
charge for the future. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Pitts, Speaker P. T. 

In Council April 29, 1778. 

Read and Concurred, 

John Avery, Depy. Secy. 

Consented to, Jer. Powell, A. Ward, T. Oushing, John Whetcomb, D. Hop- 
kins, Josiah Stone, A. Fuller, Jabez Fisher, Benj. Austin, of the 

Council. 

(Warrant drawn.) 

It seems the town had some doubts whether the estimate and 
average which had been made, of money advanced and personal 
service rendered, conlcl be maintained by existing laws and hence 
they petitioned the General Court to recognize their doings as 
valid and legal. 

Rev. Petitions vol. 184. p. 269. 

To the Hon ble the Council and the Hon ble House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay in Gen. Court Assembled. 

The Petition of us the Subscribers, Selectmen of Mendon Shews, 
That the said Town of Mendon having considered that many of its In- 
habitants, who, in the course of the present war, have been called forth as 



1778. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 375 

Soldiers into the service of this and the other United States, and have, in 
conjunction with others, been exposed to great Perils, fatigues and Hard- 
ships and performed great and Essential services for their Country, whose 
wages and pay (by Reason of the advanced price of the various Articles of 
Commerce, especially of the Necessaries of Life) have fallen far short of an 
adequate reward. 

The town having considered further the great Inconveniances and une- 
qual Burthens that many Individuals have been subjected to by being- 
drafted to serve in the War, especialty, in some instances, where heads of 
families have been drafted and obliged to procure others to serve for them, 
or to lie considered Soldiers themselves; which reduced them to the unhap- 
py alternative either of leaving their families or of giving an exhorbitant' 
sum demanded of them to hire others to serve in their stead. 

To prevent which Inconveniences the Town came to a Resolution that 
all Men that should be sent for in future and ordered into the service as the 
Town's quota of Soldiers should be hired at the expense of the Town, by a 
Committee appointed for that purpose. 

But it was perceived that from this Measure another Inconvenience would 
result viz That those who had done already more than their proportion 
either in personal service or by their money would be involved, in common 
with others, in supporting the expense. 

To the Intent therefor, that the Burden of War should bear as nearly as 
possible, with equal Weight on all the Inhabitants, the Town, at a regular 
meeting for that purpose on the Uth day of May last, appointed a Com- 
mittee to consider of and Estimate the services of all who had done duty in 
the war since the commencement thereof, either by personal service or by 
money, so that a tax might be granted and levied in order that those who 
had done more than their proportion might receive an equivalent for 
their service and those who had been deficient might be brought upon an 
average. 

Said Committee have carefully attended to the subject, have made an 
Estimate or Average of said services and Reported the same to the town 
which Estimate was, at a meeting on the 21st day of September last ac- 
cepted by the Town, and at said Meeting a Tax was granted to be levied on 
the Inhabitants of the Town for the payment of the same. 

But inasmuch as Doubts have arisen whether said Estimate or Average 
falls fully within the Intent and Meaning of the Resolve of the General 
Assembly for enabling Towns to grant money to tax themselves for hiring 
Soldiers to carry on the war, and to prevent any Disputes or Difficulties 
that might otherwise arise in collecting said Tax, the Town thought it con- 
venient that application should be made to the Great and General Court to 
establish the doings of said meeting, and have directed us, the Selectmen of 
said Town to make application accordingly. 

We Therefore, the said Selectmen, in behalf of said Town, Pray that 
your Honors would take the matter into your wise Consideration, and 
would be pleased to confirm and Establish the Doings of said Town at 



376 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1778. 

their meeting on the said 21st day of September last, relative to said Esti- 
mate and the Tax granted to pay the same. 
And in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

Joseph Dorr 
John Penniman 
Stephen Benson. 
Mendon Oct. 14. 1778. 

MENDON SOLD1EKS. 

Although the rosters in the State Archives make no mention 
of Mendon soldiers in the year 1776, the Town Kecords attest 
that during that year there were many persons from Mendon in 
the army. During the year indicated there were two special 
calls for troops, one for New York and one for the Northern 
Army, to both of which the Town Kecords show Mendon re- 
sponded. 

For 1778 the rosters give the names of eight and nine months' 
men, and also of those serving during the war, but of these last, 
it is not certain whether they enlisted in the army in 1778 or 
before that time. 

The following are set down as nine months' men for the Ehode 
Island service, viz: — 

John Brown John Howard* Abijah Legg 

Joseph Chapiu* Samuel Holden Ezra Haskell* 

Isaac Chapin Boyce Kimball Elijah Stodder* 

David Cutler David Legg Jared Smith 

Zelek Darling Nathan Legg Eben r Thompson 

Laban Fairbanks Wm. Lesure Benj. White. 

The following are also nine months' men, without designation 

as to their place of service, probably to reinforce the Northern 
Army: 

Calvin Smith Darius Holbrook Jona n Pickering 

Wm. Foster Asa Albee Artemas Cheney 

Moses Lovett Caleb Holbrook John Dewing 

John Torrey Jona n Kimball Wm. Cutting 

Joel Legg John Pickering. 

The following are eight months' men, and were drafted : 
Levi Darling Joel Aldrich John Phipps 

Jesse Darling Thomas Taft John Wilson. 

The following are the names of those who had enlisted for 
service during the war: 

♦Dead in Service. 



1778.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 377 

Gustavus Aldrich Benj. Hayward Jonathan Rawson 

Jona" Boyce Nathan Jackson Samuel Ramsdell 

Silas Brown John Martindcll Jona" Taft 

John Clark Henry Nelson Joel Thayer 

Aaron Davis Amariah Partridge Samuel Thayer 

Paul Davis Joseph Passmore Jona" Whitney (killed). 
Solomon White 

Besides the foregoing, on the same page, the following names 
are found: 

Amariah Albee, 3 yrs. dead. Oliver Chapiu, Dragoons; Amariah Vose, 
Art. and Amasa Aldrich. 

The following served as three months' men at Dorehester: 

Serg. Beuj. Pickering, Corp. Levi Albee, Barak Bullard, Josiah Nelson 
and Samuel Twiss. 

The following names are set down as serving in 1T78, at Rhode 
Island, but the time of service not stated: 

Jesse Davis Drum. George Staples Stephen Torrey 

Douglass Marsh Silas Aldrich Samuel Tucker 

Jesse Darling Eleazer Daniels Joseph Torrey 

Serg. Elijah Darling Elias Jones Jona. Holbrook 

Serg. Artemas Taft Nat Torrey Jona. Hayward. 

In the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment were the following men 
from Mendon, viz: — Capt. John Holden, John Clark, Jared 
Smith. Samuel Ramsdell, Calvin Smith and Serg. Samuel Hol- 
den? No date was given of this entry. It must have been later 
than 1778, as Calvin and Jared Smith both served in the nine 
months service of that year. 

The men. who enlisted to reinforce the Northern Army, were 
in the company of Capt. March Chase, of Sutton. 

An extract from the Rev. Council Papers, Vol. 174, p. 375, 
will complete the record of the year: 

ELECTION DINNER. 

1778. To Dressing the Election Dinner for the Couucle (Gen. Court?) id' 
This State. 

To 250 Dinners, («)30s £375 00 00 

To 144 Bottles of Madare Wine, @24s 172 16 00 

To 80 Double Bowles of Punch, @20s 80 00 00 

To 2 Doz. of Glass Brock or Stole 7 04 00 

To 2 Large Dish & 9 Fine Plates Brock 10 10 00 

' 48 



378 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1779. 

To Making Tables & Cleaning Hall 17 10 00 

£663 00 00 
Deduct $2.00 or 12s. per dinner £150 00 

& 4s pr. Bottle of Wine 28 16 178 16 00 

£484 04 00 
Boston July 13. 1778, Errors Excepted 

John Marston. 



1779. March 1. Chose for Selectmen Capt. John Tyler, 
Samuel Jones, Deacon Aaron Everett, Jesse Wheelock and Oba- 
diah Wood; Joseph Dorr, Esq., Town Clerk; Peter Penniman, 
Town Treasurer; John Albee, Joseph Cody and Joseph South- 
wick, Constables. Jonathan Jones was chosen Grand Juryman. 

Captains John Albee, Samuel Warren, Gershom Nelson, Levi 
Aldrich and Samuel Craggin were chosen a committee to revise 
the School Districts and report necessary alterations. 

The eighth article in the warrant for this meeting was " to 
see if the Town would order the Selectmen or Treasurer to refuse 
payment of certain Notes given to certain men who engaged as 
part of the Town's quota for six weeks service in Rhode Island 
and who deserted." 

Voted that the committee chosen last year to hire soldiers be 
a committee to report on this article. 

Voted March 15. That the notes which the Selectmen gave 
to James Sprague and Joseph Pierce in 1778, for engaging as 
part of the town's quota for the six weeks' service in Rhode 
Island in August last, be not paid, and that the town will indem- 
nify and save them harmless against any suits which may be 
brought against them, as these men were probably deserters. 
Thus we see-there were bounty jumpers in y e olden time as well 
as in modern times. 

Voted that the Easterly Precinct (now Milford) may be set off 
as a separate town, there being 67 in the affirmative and 60 in 
the negative. 

Voted not to set off the South Precinct (now Blackstone) into 
a separate town. 

The Overseers of the Poor, Maj. Joseph Daniels, Capt. Samuel 
Warren and Mr. James Blake, were allowed £6 each for their 
services. 



1770.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 379 

The Assessors were allowed 20s. per day for taking the valua- 
tion; Capt. John Tyler twenty-four days, and James Sumner and 
Aaron Everett eighteen days each, at 12s. per day. For assess- 
ing tax each ten days. 

Allowed the Committee who formed the Average or Estimate 
15s. per day each. 

Nehemiah Nelson, 8 days. .£6 00 00 Aaron Everett, 8i days. .£6 07 06 
Peletiah Darling, 6£- " ..41706 James Lovett, 7£ " .. 51206 
SamnelJoues, 8£ " .. 6 07 06 Joseph Dorr Esq. 7 " .. 5 05 00 

Levi Aldrich, 6£ " .. 4 17 06 

£39 07 06 

The report of the above committee must have heen an inter- 
esting paper, hut as it was not recorded, and if filed, long since 
lost, we can only conjecture the value of its contents. It was 
plainly an effort to adjust the burdens of the war so that they 
should bear equally upon all. 

Voted that the Selectmen shall constitute "the Committee of 
Correspondence, Inspection and Safety for the present year. 

March 22. Met by adjournment from March loth, but there 
being a severe storm and few in attendance, the meeting was 
again adjourned to the 29th inst. 

March 29. Voted to allow— 

('apt. Green for going to Northbridge twice and to Providence 

once £9 00 00 

Capt. Tyler for going to Worcester with the Continental men. ... 5 10 00 

Capt. Penniman do. " " 3 00 00 

The Committee for hiring men the year past 5 00 00 

The Selectmen for 1777, except John Cuss, £15.00.00. each 
for 1778, £7.00.00 each. 

Chose Lieut. Philip Ammidown, Abraham Jones, Daniel Taft, 
Samuel Fairbanks, Caleb Cheney and Moses Thayer a committee 
to hire soldiers the ensuing year; and the Selectmen were in- 
structed to furnish the committee with money, if needed. 

April 12. The second article in the warrant was "To see 
whether the town, in consideration of the People called Friends 
or Quakers, their paying their part 'of the Average or Assess- 
ment (for equalizing the cost of the war) for the year 1778, will, 
in case of said Quakers, should hereafter be assessed or taxed, 
as a Distinct body, by a Resolve of Congress or an Act of the 



380 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1779. 

General Court or Assembly, towards defraying the expenses of 
the war prior to this day, that in such case the Town will bear 
an equal part with said Quakers in the payment of such Conti- 
nental or State tax." 

Upon this article the town voted in the affirmative. 

William French, Daniel Corbett and Benjamin Boyce were 
chosen a committee to provide for the families of the soldiers in 
the service. 

Capt. John Tyler, Peter Penniman and Deacon Aaron Ever- 
ett were chosen a committee to confer with a committee of the 
Second Precinct (Milford), to see how and in what manner said 
Precinct shall be set off as a town. 

The Second Precinct chose Jonathan Jones, Seth Nelson and 
Ichabod Thayer, Jr., as a Committee of Conference on their part. 

May 3. The Joint Committee made the following 

REPORT. 

We the subscribers, being a Committee chosen by the Town of Mendon 
at their last town meeting to meet a Committee of the 2nd Precinct of said 
Mendon to consult and agree with said Committee on such conditions and 
articles as would be proper for said Town and Precinct to come into in 
case said Precinct should be set off by the General Court of the State into 
a distinct Town, and to make report of our doings at the next meeting of 
said Town for the choice of a Representative ; We have attended to said 
Service with the Committee of the 2nd. Precinct, chosen for that purpose, 
and have agreed upon the following articles viz: 

Article 1. That the Meadow or Land usually flowed by the Mill Pond 
formerly occupied by Lieut. William Sheffield, on the north side of the 
County road, belonging to said Toavii shall remain and continue the 
Property of said Town of Mendon although the said 2nd Precinct should 
become a separate town; and in case said Town of Mendou should have 
occasion to eject Jeremiah Kelley the present occupier of said Pond or any 
other person or persons who may hereafter occupy said Lands from the 
possession of said premises by reason that he or they shall not keep a good 
Grist Mill in repair at or near the premises, agreeable to the Original Agree- 
ment between said Town and Mathias Puffer and David How, then the 
said 2nd. Precinct, although they shall become a separate Towm, shall 
have the three-eighth part of what the said Town of Mendou shall recover, 
they the said 2nd. Precinct paying the three-eighth part of the cost and 
charge that may accrue in recovering the same. 

Article 2. That the said 2nd. Precinct draw their equal proportion of 
the School Money according; to the valuation of said Town also one-third 



1779.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 381 

part of the Ministry money belonging to said Town also their equal pro- 
portion of the Town's stock of Arms. 

Article 3d. That the said 2nd. Precinct take their equal proportion of 
the Poor maintained by the Town according to the Tax said 2nd. Precinct 
pays, and also, if after said 2nd. Precinct is set off as a separate town, 
there shall be any Poor sent to this town from proper authority to be main- 
tained by this town, and it shall appear that the persons so brought were 
the usual original inhabitants of said 2nd. Precinct, then the said 2nd. Pre- 
cinct shall receive and maintain them as their poor. 

Article 4. That the said 2nd. Precinct pay their equal proportion of all 
the charges that have or shall arise within the Town of Mendon prior to 
their being incorporated as a separate Town, of whatever name or nature. 

Article 5. That if there appear to be a surplusage of money over and 
above paying all the town's costs and charges when they the 2nd. Precinct 
shall become a separate town, then the said 2nd. Precinct to draw their 
equal proportion according to their valuation. 

All which is submitted to the. Town. 

John Tyler ) Committee 

Peter Penniman > of 
Aaron Everett. ) Mendon. 

We the subscribers, being a Committee chosen by the 2nd. Precinct in 
Mendon to meet the Committee chosen by the Town of Mendon to consult 
and agree with said Committee on such condition and Articles as would be 
proper for said Town and Precinct to come into in case said Precinct 
should be set off, by the General Court of this State into a distinct town, 
we have this day attended said service with said Committee and have 
agreed upon all the foregoing Articles, and in case the said Town of Men- 
don should accept the foregoing Report, we, in behalf of the said 2nd. 
Precinct ingage that all the foregoing Articles shall be punctually fulfilled 
on said 2nd. Precinct's part after they shall be set off as a Town. 

Jonathan Jones ) Committee of the 

Seth Nelson [- Second Precinct 

Ichabod Thayer, Jr. \ of Mendon. 
Mendon May 8, 1779. 

Voted that the boundary line between the town of Mendon 
and the Easterly Precinct, when set off into a separate town, be 
the middle of the Eight Rod Road (so called) to Upton line. 

June 21. Voted to raise £3000 to hire soldiers, and for other 
town charges. 

Voted that the average money (being a tax granted to equalize 
the burdens of the Avar) be paid in by the Constables to the Town 
Treasurer, and the Treasurer to pay such sums as are allowed to 
any of the soldiers to their wives, or any part thereof as they 
stand in need of, taking their receipt. 



382 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1779. 

TROUBLE WITH AN INFLATED CURRENCY. 

Voted that the inhabitants of this town are determined, to the 
utmost of their power, to support the credit of the Continental 
currency, and are desirous to come into any salutary measures 
that may be adopted by the community in general for that pur- 
pose, and earnestly wish that such measures may speedily take 
place; and, for the present, we are resolved that no kind of pro- 
duce or article of commerce shall be sold at a higher price than 
has hitherto been usually given for such article or produce; and 
that said inhabitants will exert themselves to carry into execu- 
tion "An Act of this State entitled an Act against Monopoly and 
Forestalling; " that the practice of buying and selling silver and 
gold at such discount [premium?] as to disparage and lessen 
the credit of the Continental currency shall be effectually dis- 
couraged among us. 

Voted to choose a committee of nine to see the foregoing vote 
and resolution put in execution, and Joseph Dorr, Esq., Capt. 
Gershom Nelson, Lieut. Benoni Benson, Capt. Alhee, Capt. 
Samuel Penniman, Capt. Aldrich, Lieut. Philip Ammidown, 
Samuel Jones and Capt. Read were chosen as the committee. 

July 28. Voted to accept the Resolves of the State Conven- 
tion held at Concord, July 14, 1779. 

The Convention was held at the request of the inhabitants of 
the town of Boston, " to take into consideration the present dis- 
tressed situation of the people at large; and especially the ex- 
cessive high prices of every article of consumption, and, by 
tracing to their causes these evils, to discover and point out the 
safest and best remedies." 1 

This Convention was composed of 27 members from the coun- 
ty of Suffolk, 19 from Essex, 65 from Middlesex, 5 from Hamp- 
shire, 6 from Cumberland, 10 from Plymouth, 8 from Bristol 
and 34 from Worcester, being 174 in all. The Hon. Azor Orne, 
of Marblehead, was chosen President, and Mr. Samuel Ruggles, 
of Boston, Secretary. 

This Convention fixed the highest price for which twenty-four 
of the leading articles of produce and merchandise were to be 
sold in the sea ports, and the tenth day of August was fixed as 
the day when the regulation should go into effect. Capt. John 
Tyler was the delegate from Mendon. 



177!). I ANNALS OF MENDON. .'58.3 

The Convention resolved Unit those who should refuse to ac- 
cept its recommendations, "under any pretense whatever, should 
be held and deemed as enemies to this country, and treated as 
such." 

But it seems the Resolves of this, Convention failed of their 
intended effect, and Capt. John Tyler was chosen a delegate to 
attend the Convention to be held at Concord in October next, 
and Dea. Aaron Everett, Capt. Peter Penniman and Mr. Jona- 
than Jones were chosen a committee to give him instructions. 

This Convention met October 6, and by adjournment, October 
14, added 110 articles to the 24 to which they had affixed the 
highest prices, at which they should be sold, in July. A few 
examples, with the highest prices attached, will answer for the- 
whole: Indian corn or meal was to be sold not higher than 
£4. 04s. per bushel, rye and rye meal at £5. 14s., wheat flour at 
£80 per hundred, beef at 5s. per pound, butter at 12s. per 
pound, W. I. rum at £5. 14s. per barrel or hogshead, per gallon, 
and a single gallon at £6. 06s. Of this Convention, W. Spooner 
was President, and Thomas Lloyd Halsey, Secretary. 

August 3. A County Convention was held at Worcester, 
''for the purpose of carrying into effect the several interesting 
and important measures first recommended by Congress to the 
inhabitants of the United States, and since to the inhabitants of 
this State by a Convention of their delegates at Concord, on the 
14th of July last.'" Col. Joseph Reed, of Lancaster, was chosen 
Chairman, and Capt. Phineas Upham, of Brooktield, Clerk. 

This Convention, in the main, adopted the prices agreed upon 
by the Convention. A few new articles, however, are intro- 
duced. Lodging was to be charged not exceeding 3s. per night, 
West India flip, 15s. per mug, West India toddy, 15s. per bowl, 
New England flip or toddy, 12s. per mug or bowl, cider, 3s. per 
mug, &c, &c. 

The third resolution of this Convention was in the following 
words: "Resolved, that it be recommended to each town to 
choose large committees in their respective towns, and, by all 
means, such men as have ever proved themselves the most firmly 
attached to the cause of liberty, to see that these resolves be 
effectually carried into effect." 

Lieut. Seth Nelson was the delegate to this Convention. 



384 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1779. 

May it not be safely inferred that the high prices, for every- 
thing, which ruled in 1780, was the legitimate result of a re- 
dundent paper currency, then known by the name of Continental 
money? Have we not reason to fear that an unlimited issue of 
paper money in 1880 would react to the same calamitous result 
which the experiment did a hundred years ago? If, in 1780, 
the fiat of Congress could not keep the Continental money at 
par with gold, what reason have we to believe that the fiat of 
any future Congress can noat'an unlimited issue of paper money, 
at par with gold,, with the word irredeemable printed across its 
face ? 

Voted to choose a delegate to meet in County Convention, at 
Worcester, on the first Tuesday of August next, in order to reg- 
ulate the price of labour, &c, and chose Lieut. Seth Nelson, 
delegate. 

Voted to choose a committee of nine to assist the Committee 
of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, to put said Resolves 
(resolves of the Concord Convention it is supposed) into execu- 
tion. The committee chosen were Joseph Dorr, Esq., Capt. 
Samuel Warren, Capt. Read, Lieut. Philip Ammidown, Mr. 
Caleb Cheney, Lieut. John Benson, Capt. Albee, Ichabod Thayer 
and Asa Thompson. 

Voted that three of the committee chosen above, or three of 
the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, when 
the committee in general are not together, or cannot conveniently 
be called, be a quorum to act to put the Eesolves into execution. 

DELEGATES TO THE FIRST CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. 

Voted to choose two delegates to attend the Convention at 
Cambridge, on the 1st day of September next, for the sole pur- 
pose of forming a new Constitution, and the votes being brought 
in. sorted and counted, it appeared that Joseph Dorr, Esq., and 
Capt. Peter Penniman were chosen delegates. 

August 30. Voted to raise £5000 to defray town charges the 
present year, and £600, exclusive of interest on the School bonds, 
for schooHng. 

Capt. John Tyler was chosen delegate to the Convention to be 
held at Concord on the first Wednesday in October next, and 



1779.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 385 

Dea. Aaron Everett, Capt. Peter Penninian and Mr. Jonathan 

Jones were chosen a committee to give him instructions. 

Voted to accept the regulations that were drawn up by the 
committee to be additional regulations for the town. These 
regulations had reference to the act against Monopoly and Fore- 
stalling. Through the neglect of the Clerk to record the com- 
mittee's report, or its loss if put on tile, we know not what the 
regulations were. 

Oct. 27. Voted to accept the Resolves of the late Convention 
at Concord, Oct. 6, instant, and chose Lieut. Seth Chapin, Capt. 
Cershom Nelson, Capt. Levi Aldrich, Mr. Otis Whipple, Dea. 
John Chapin, Mr. Benjamin Blake, Samuel Fairbanks, Elijah 
Thayer and John Darling. 

Rev. Council Papers, vol. 170, p. 413. 

( OMMITTEE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. 

The Convention to draw up a State Constitution met at Cam- 
bridge on the first day of September, 1779, and chose a commit- 
tee to report a Constitution of Government for the State. The 
following is the Roll of the Committee, the days' attendance, 
wages per day, and amount of compensation for the service: 

For the Co. of Suffolk, James Bowdoin Esq. 







John Adams, " 


18 days at 72s. 


£64 16 


Essex. 




Theophilus Parsons Esq. 


12 " 


43 04 






Jona. Jackson, 


18 " 


64 16 






Saml. Phillips, - " 


16 " 


57 12 


Middlesex, 




James Sullivan, 










Eleazer Brooks, 


19 " 


68 08 






Nathl. Gorham, 






Hampshire, 




Noah Goodman, 


15 " 


54 00 




Mr. 


Ezekiel Smith, 


23 '• 


82 16 




Mr. 


John Billings, 


10 •• 


36 00 


Worcester, 




Jedediah Foster Esq. 










Joseph Dorr, 


23 " 


82 16 






Israel Nichols, 


23 " 


82 16 


Plymouth, 




John Cotton, 








Rev. 


Gad Hitchcock 


22 " 


79 04 


Bristol, 




Robert T. Paine Esq. 


15 " 


54 00 




Rev. 


Samuel West, 


24 " 


86 08 


York, 




David Sewall Esq., 
Benj. Chadbourne, 







19 



386 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



1779. 



Berkshire, 



Barnstable, 



Dukes Co. & 
Nantucket. 
At Large, 



Capt. William Walker 
James Harris Esq. 
Enoch Hallett " 
Mr. Samuel Small, 
Mr. Benj. Brainerd, 



22 days at 72s. 
24 " 



£79 04 

86 08 



Samuel Adams, 16 " 57 12 

John Pickering, 21 " " 75 12 

Caleb Strong, 24 " " 86 08 

In Council Oct. 1, 1779 Bead and Ordered That a Warrant be drawn on 

the Treasury for £1259.12 in full of this Boll. 

John Avery, Depy. Secy. 

The following vote was quite probably plain enough to those 
who were present at the meeting, but, at this late clay, we are 
left somewhat in the dark as to the precise amount voted. 

Voted to raise a sum of money which shall amount to as much 
as the sum of the late State tax, including what is already raised 
in said town and county tax. 

Voted to allow Ichabod Thayer, Jr., £15 for transporting the 
soldiers clothing to Brookfield, in 1778. 

SOLDIERS IN THE AVAR IN 1779. 
9 months Men, in Rhode Island service, under Capt, Samuel Hamant. 



Caleb Legg, 
Reuben Legg, 
Joel Legg, 
David Marsh, 
Darius Holbrook, 
Jona, Kimball, 
Wm. Cutting, 
Arthur Bawson, 
Aaron Taft, 
Alii jab Legg. 
Serg. Jesse Chapin, 



John Pickering, 
Jotham Pickering, 
Artemas Cheney, 
John DewingV 
Calvin Smith, 
AVm. Foster, 
Moses Lovett, 
Marvel Taft, 
Samuel Tucker, 
Seth Johnson, 
AVm. Johnson, 



John Torrey, 
Jesse Davis, 
Douglass Marsh, 
Jesse Darling, 
Asa Albee, 
Caleb Holbrook, 
Joel LeggV 
Moses Bamsdell, 
Samuel Thayer, 
Moses Parkhurst, 
John Leug. 



It seems quite probable that Mendon furnished more soldiers 
for this year than are enumerated above, although the Rosters 
at the State House give only the above names as being in the 
service. The Rosters, it should be remembered, are imperfect, 
some of them missing, and others without date and without 
specifying the date, time or place of service. 



1780.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 387 

The following Act of the General Court will complete the 
memoranda of the year. 

Rev. Resolves (Mass. Ar.) vol. 221, p. 297. 

STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 25, 1779. 

On the Petition of the Overseers of the Poor of the Town of Mendon. 
setting forth that they have an opportunity to put out the eldest son of 
Elizabeth Cummings, a State pauper, until he is twenty one years old, they 
paying thirty pounds: And also to allow them to draw the money that 
they have expended for said Elizabeth Cummings and her two children, as 
per account exhibited with said petition. 

Resolved that the prayer of the Petition be granted and that the Over- 
seers of the Poor of the Town of Mendon be and hereby are empowered to 
put out said boy, and that there be paid thirty pounds for the purpose 
aforesaid, they giving a receipt for said money; and also four pounds and 
eight shillings in full of the account exhibited with said petition. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering, Speaker. 
In Council Feb. 26, 1779. 
Read and Concurred 

John Avery, Depy. Sec. 

Consented to. Jer. Powell, B. Greenleaf, T. Gushing, Jed 1 ' Preble, P. 
Austin, Moses Gill. J. Stone, B. White, N. Cushing, A. 
Fuller, Sam Niles, J. Simpson, John Pitts and E. Brooks. 
Councillors. 



1780. March 0. Chose for Selectmen Mr. Stephen Torrey. 
Lt. Jesse Whitney. Lt. John Benson, Lt. William Thayer and 
Mr. Caleb Cheney; Joseph Dorr, Esq.. Town Clerk; Mr. Peter 
Penniman, Town Treasurer; and for Constables. John Albee, 
Benjamin Read and Levi Rawson. 

Voted to allow Peter Penniman for services as Treasurer, £100. 

Voted to allow John Tyler, as delegate to the Concord Con- 
vention, for time and expenses, £00. 

Voted to allow Joseph Dorr, Esq., his expenses at two sessions 
of the Constitutional Convention. £50; for his time, 17 days at 
£3 per day, £51. 

Voted to allow Peter Penniman his expenses at the Constitu- 
tional Convention, £85; for his time, 20 days at 48s. per day, €4S. 

Voted to allow the Selectmen, £30 each; Assessors. €50 each. 



388 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1780. 

Capt. John Tyler was chosen an Overseer of the Poor and a 
Committee man to provide for the soldiers families, in the place 
of Moses Aldrich, who ceased to hold office in Mendon by reason 
of the incorporation of the East Precinct into a separate town. 

INCORPORATION OF MILFORD. 

STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

In the year of Our Lord One thousand seven hundred and Eighty. 

An Act for Incorporating the Easterly Precint in the Town of Mendon 
in the County of Worcester, into a Separate Town by the name of Mil ford. 

Whereas, it appears that the Inhabitants of the Easterly Precinct in the 
Town of Mendon in the County of Worcester labour under many Difficul- 
ties in their present Situation, for Remedying of which they earnestly re- 
quest they may be Incorporated into a Separate Town. 

Be it therefore enacted by the Council and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled, and by the Authority of the same, that the East- 
erly Part of the Town of Mendon, in the County of Worcester, bounded 
as follows, Viz': begining at a heap of Stones on Bellingham Line, on the 
North side of the Country Road then running West and bounded South 
on said Road until it comes to a Rpad called the eight rod Road, now 
reduced to four rod Road, then North and bounded westerly on said 
Road, as it is now Stated by the Town of Mendon until it comes to Upton 
Line, thence on Upton Line, to Hopkinton Line, thence on Hopkinton 
Line to Holliston Line, thence on Holliston Line to Bellingham Line, 
thence on Bellingham Line to the Bounds first mentioned be and here- 
by is Incorporated into a Town by the Name of Milford, and that the 
Inhabitants thereof be and they are hereby Invested with all the powers, 
Privileges & Immunities which the Inhabitant of the Towns in this State 
do or may by Law enjoy. 

And Provided Nevertheless, and be it further Enacted, that the Inhabi- 
tants of the said Town of Milford shall be held to take and maintain their 
Proportionable part of the Poor of said Town of Mendon that are now 
maintained as such or that shall hereafter Returned from any other town 
as belonging to said Mendon before the said Town of Milford was Incor- 
porated. 

And be it further Enacted that the Inhabitants of said town of Milford 
shall be held to pay their proportionable part of all Town, County and 
State Taxes that are already raised or granted to be assessed on the Inhabi- 
tants of said Town of Mendon or that shall be granted to be assessed on 
said Town of Mendon during the present Sitting of the Great and Gen- 
eral Court, and be held to repair and Build one half of the Bridges, and 
mend and repair one half of the Roads on which they are bounded, lying 
in the said Town of Mendon forever. 

And Be it further Enacted, that all the Proprietors belonging to the Pro- 



1780.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 389 

priety of the Town of Mendon, that shall be Incorporated into the Town 
of Milford shall hold all their Common Rights in the Common and Undi- 
vided Lands in the Propriety of the former Township of said Mendon as 
though they had not been set off into a Separate Town. And their Propor- 
tionable part of the Ministry and School Money belonging to said Town of 
Mendon that have accrued to them by the sale of the School and Ministry 
Lands. 

And Be it further Enacted That Joseph Dorr, Esq r be and he is hereby 
directed and impowered to issue his Warrant directed to some Principal In- 
habitant of said Town of Milford requiring him to warn the Inhabitants of 
said Town of Milford qualified by Law to vote in Town affairs to Assem- 
ble and meet at some suitable time and Place in said Town to choose all 
such Officers as Towns by Law are required and impowered to choose in the 
month of March annually, and to transact all other matters & Business nec- 
essary to be done in said Town. 

In the House of Representatives, April 11, 1780. This Bill having been 
read three several times pass'd to be enacted. John Hancock, Speaker. 

In Council, April 11th, 1780. This Bill having had two several readings, 
passed to be enacted. John Avery, D. See-'y. 

We consent to the enacting of this Bill. 

Jeri Powell, T. dishing, 

Artemas Ward, Jabez Fisher, 

Walter Spooner, Moses Gill, 

S. Adams, B. White, 

T. Danielson, H. Gardner, 

Tim. Edwards, A. Fuller, 

Sam 1 Niles, Jno. Pitts. 

Noah Goodman. 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

Secretary's Department, 

Boston, February 6, 1877. 
A true copy of the original act. 

Witness the seal of the Commonwealth. 
Henry B. Peirce, 
Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

STATE CONSTITUTION. 

April 24, 1780. The Address of the Convention, the Declara- 
tion of Rights and the Constitution, or Frame of Government, 
for the People of the Massachusetts Bay, was first distinctly read. 

Then it was voted that one or more persons in every School 
District in the town should he appointed to receive for his or 
their District one printed copy of said Constitution, or Frame 
of Government, to the end that every member of the town may 



2nd 


do., 


3thd. 


do.. 


4th. 


do.. 


5th. 


do., 


6th. 


do.. 


7th. 


do.. 


gth. 


do.. 


9th. 


do.. 


10th. 


do., 


11th. 


do., 



390 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1780. 

come to the knowledge of and have the opportunity and advan- 
tage of duly weighing and considering the same in the interval 
between this and the adjournment of this meeting, and the per- 
son so appointed to return the copy which he receives to the 
person from whom he received it. The persons chosen were as 
follows, viz: — 

1st. School District, Capts. Philip Amidown & Peter Penniman & Lt. 
Abraham Staples. 
Major Thompson. 

Mr Jonathan Jones and Mr. Caleb Cheney. 
Capt. Samuel Warren. 
Lieut. Seth Thayer. 
Dr. Penniman. 

Mr. Joseph Allen and Mr. Joseph Bates. 
Lieut. Joseph Johnson. 
Capt. Benjamin Bead. 
Ens. Pelatiah Darling. 
' Lt. Peletiah Thayer & Capt, Levi Aldrieh. 

Voted to adjourn for three weeks from this day. Then met 
and adjourned to the May meeting. 

May 25. Met and adjourned to Monday next at 9 o'clock A. 
M. These adjournments were made, as the record says, "to 
give further time for the consideration of the Constitution." 

At the appointed time the inhabitants met and the Constitu- 
tion being taken up. the following votes were passed: 

As will be seen, the Constitution was voted on Chapter by 
Chapter, Section by Section, Article by Article. 

Chapter 1. Sec. 1 Article 1 is accepted, Art. 2nd. 15 for 21 against, 
Art, 3. accepted. Art, 4, 20 for 17 against, 

Chap. 1 Sec. 2, Art 1. amendment proposed viz: The Senate to consist 
of 19 members, 36 for 2 against it, The Governor's Council proposed to 
consist 9 men 25 for 11 against it, — that there be not more than 1 Coun- 
cillor elected out of any one County, 37 for and 1 against it, Art. 
2d. Voted with amendment, but amendment not on record. Art, 3. 20 for 8 
against. Art. 4. 12 for 1 against it, Art, 5, 16 for 2 against it, Art. 6, 
accepted. Art. 7, accepted. Art. 8 accepted with the amendment of 11 
for a quorum instead of 16. 

Chap. 1. Sec. 3. Art, 1, accepted. Art 2 not accepted and in lieu 
thereof voted that the Bepresentative body of this Commonwealth do not 
exceed the number of 150 — that the whole Commonwealth be divided into 
equal Districts, each to send one Bepresentative, making in the whole 150. 
The 3. 4. 5. 6 & 7 articles unanimously accepted. 8th. Art, accepted with 



1780.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 391 

the amendment of 40 instead of 00. Art. 10 accepted. Art. 11, 8 for 2 
against it. 

Chap. 2. Sec. 1. Art. 13 for 3 against it. Art. 2 voted with the amend 
ment of Protestant instead of Christian. Articles 3. 4 & 5 accepted. 

Voted to adjourn to Wednesday next at 1 P. M. 

Met and proceeded with Chap. 2, Sect. 1. Articles 7. 8 & *J accepted. 
Art, 9 accepted with this amendment viz: — That Judges, and Registers of 
Probate and Registers of Deeds be appointed by the several towns, ami that 
all Probate business and the Registry of Deeds be done in every town, and 
that the Selectmen of the several towns both approbate and license Taverners 
and Retailers of Spirituous Liquors. Arts. 10. 11. & 12 accepted. Art. 13 
not accepted, and Voted reasonable and adequate grants for their respec- 
tive services be annually made to the Governors and Judges of the Su- 
preme Judicial Court, according to the discretion of the General Court for 
the time being. 

Chap. 2. Sec 2. Articles 1. 2 & 3 accepted. 

Chap. 2. Sec. 3. Articles 1. 2 & 3 accepted. Art. 4 not accepted and 
voted as before not more than one Councillor to be chosen out of any one 
County, Articles 5. 6 & 7. accepted. 

Chap. 2. Sec. 4. Articles 1 & 2 accepted. 

Chap. 3 Art 1. not accepted and voted that judiciary Officers shall not 
hold their offices exceeding 5 years unless appointed anew. Art, 2. Ac- 
cepted. Art. 3, voted with the amendment of 5 years instead of 7 years. 

At this point we find, by a reference to the meeting of June 
19th, that the meeting was adjourned to June 1. As there is 
no record of any meeting on June 1st, it is not known what 
business was then transacted; but, it is supposed, the remaining 
chapters of the Constitution were acted on, and that there was 
no record by the Clerk remains a mystery. 

May 25, held under a new warrant, Ebenezer Thompson, 
Esq., was chosen Representative to the Great and General Court 
or Assembly appointed to be convened, held and kept for the 
Government service at the State House in Boston, in the County 
of Suffolk, on Wednesday the thirty first day of May current and 
so do die in diem during their Session or Sessions. 

Chose Edward Rawson a Delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention to attend, at their next session, in the room of Joseph 
Dorr Esq. and Peter Penniman who have hitherto attended. 
No mention is made of the declination of Messrs. Dorr and 
Penniman. The coming session of the Convention is supposed 
, to be held simply to count the votes which had been given for 
and against the Constitution. 



392 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1780. 

Chose Capt. John Tyler, Ens. Peletiah Darling, Gapt. John 
Albee, Capt. Levi Aldrich and Capt. Peter Penniman a com- 
mittee to settle and adjust matters between this Town and the 
Town of Milford. 

Voted to allow Constable John Albee seventy dollars to 
make up his loss sustained in receiving counterfeit money for 
taxes. 

June 1!). Voted to leave it discretionary with the Com- 
mittee for hiring Soldiers, how much to give or engage to give 
in Paper, Silver or Produce as they can agree with the soldier. 

Voted to raise £10,000 to defray town charges, and that the 
same be assessed immediately. * The immediate assessment was 
probably directed on account of the rapid depreciation of the 
Continental currency. 

June 29, 1780. This day the committees of Mendon and 
Milford met and agreed on a division of the roads between the 
two towns, as to what parts each town should mend and keep in 
repair for travelling, viz: — 

Mendon's part beginning at Belliughaui Line at the middle of the bridge 
upon the Country road between Dr. John Corbett's and Lieut. Samuel Pen- 
niman's and so the whole of the road till it comes opposite to Lieut. 
Samuel Penniman's house. 

Then Milford to keep the whole of the Country Road and bridge over 
the Mill River, so called, till it comes to a large Rock near John Sprague's 
house. 

Then Mendon to mend and keep in repair the Country Road until it 
comes to the Eight Rod Road. 

And the Division of the Eight Rod road is as follows viz : Mendon to 
begin at Upton line by the east corner of the land belonging to the heirs of 
Micah Bates, late of Upton, deceased; thence to mend the road until it 
comes to where the Eight Rod Road (so called) meets with the road that 
leads from Milford to Upton. 

Then Milford to take and mend the road from thence until they shall 
complete one half of the said Eight Rod Road ; that is to say, one full half 
of the distance from Upton line to the above said Country Road. 

Then Mendon to mend the remainder of the sd Eight Rod Road, after 
Milford's part ends. 

John Tyler, ) 

John Albee, j- Com. for Mendon. 

Peter Penniman. ) 

Samuel Warren, ) 

Ichabod Thayer, Jr., '-Com. for Milford. 

Samuel Jones, ) 



1780.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 393 

FIRST STATE ELECTION UNDER THE CONSTITUTION. 

Sept. 4. At a town meeting held this day, no warrant being 
recorded, the following State officers were voted for, viz: — 

For Governor, John Hancock, had 23 votes. 

do. do. James Bowdoin, " 1 " 
Lieut.Gov., James Bowdoin, " 24 " 

do. do. John Hancock, " 1 " 

FOR SENATORS AND COUNCILLORS. 

Hon. Moses Gill had 21. Brig. Gen. Warren, had 12. 

Hon. Samuel Baker " 15. Col. Read, " 1. 

Maj. Seth Washburn " 15. Joseph Dorr Esq. " 20. 

Sept. 11. Voted to raise £1500 for schooling. 

Voted to raise £1000 hard money to pay the six months men 
and 3 months men hired by the committee. 

Voted to raise £4150 "to pay for Continental Horses pur- 
suant to a Resolve of the General Court." 

Voted to raise £10,400 in the present currency to defray town 
charges the present year. 

Voted to allow Mr. Edward Rawson £180 for his expenses at 
the late Constitutional Convention and £4.10 per day for twelve 
days attendance at the Convention, £54. 

Voted to forego Baruch Bullard's Rate £10.03.00 

" Daniel Callum's " 44.11.10 

" John Wilson's " 44.05.04 

Oct. 11. Edward Rawson, Esq., was chosen Representative 
to the General Court. 

Voted to pay the men who went to Tiverton on the Alarm 
eighty dollars per day, exclusive of State pay. 

Voted that the Militia officers return the number of men who 
went, in order for an assessment for the money. 

Voted to raise £13,000 to purchase the town's quota of beef 
for the Army. As the requisition for this beef was probably 
issued before Milford was set off, it will be understood that both 
towns were to be held for the supply. The quota of beef for 
Mendon to furnish, as is found among the Revolutionary ar- 
chives, was 26,962 pounds. Levi Rawson and Increase Thayer 
were a committee to purchase this beef; the first was allowed 
eighty dollars per day for services and expenses, and was em- 

50 



394 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1780. 

ployed for ten days. Mr. Thayer was employed two and a half 
days, at seventy dollars per day. 

Dec. 4. Town meeting by an adjournment from Nov. 27. 
Met and adjourned to Landlord John Hill's (Tavern), to meet 
in one quarter of an hour. 

In the meantime, a new warrant was issued for a meeting on 
Dec. 25, and under that warrant it was voted to raise £25,000 
to purchase beef, pursuant to a requisition of the General Court 
of Dec. 4, 1780. 

Capt. Philip Ammidown and Capt. Benj. Read were chosen a 
committee to purchase the beef, or pay the money to the Super- 
intendent of Purchases, as shall appear most to the advantage 
of the town. The £25,000 was to be immediately assessed and 
collected, and no town orders were to be received by the Collec- 
tor for any part of the tax. 

Chose a committee of sixteen, to hire men for the town's 
quota of soldiers to fill up the Continental battalions. The 
names of the committee are as follows, viz: — 

Capt. Amidown, Lieut. Increase Thayer, 

Capt. B. Bead, Col. Craggin, 

Capt. John Tyler, Mr. Nahum Taft, 

Mr. Henry Penniman, Mr. Joseph Thayer, 

Lieut. John Benson, Ens. Turner Ellis, 

Capt. Levi Aldrich, Mr. Peletiah Penniman, 

Mr. Stephen Torrey, Mr. Levi Bawson & 

Mr. John Hill, Mr. Benj. Thayer. 

As this Committee was instructed, each one, to procure a sol- 
dier, it is supposed that 16 was the quota for Mendon. Massa- 
chusetts was called on for 4240 men for 3 years; and Dec. 2, the 
quotas were determined and the different towns notified to fill up 
their respective quotas. The number set clown for Mendon was 
27; but, as in war matters, the separation of Milford was not yet 
recognized, we may suppose that of the 27, Mendon was to sup- 
ply 16 and Milford 11 men. 

The Committee was chosen Jan. 1, 1781, to which day the 
meeting of Dec. 25 was adjourned. 

MEMORANDA FOR 1780. 

Court (Mass. Ar.) vol. 40, p. 232. 

The petition of Edward Rawson [of Mendon] and others of 



1780.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 395 

Hartford, in the State of Connecticut, praying for a permit to 
transport goods to the said State Jan. 6, 1780. 

Resolved that John Caldwell, Theodore Hopkins and George Merrill be 
and they hereby are permitted to Transport out of the State from Otis 
Whipple's Store in Mendon, 3 tierces of N. E. Rum, 1 do of salt, and from 
Peter Reeds store in Douglass, 12 tierces and 2 hhds. of N. E. Rum and 2 
Casks of salt into the State of Ct. for the reasons mentioned in the Petition, 
any Act or Law of this State to the contrary notwithstanding. 
In Council R. & C. 
Consented to by 15 of the Council. 

As the Council " concurred," it is evident that the House of 
Representatives had previously granted the prayer of the peti- 
tion. 

At this time Councillors were chosen by the Legislature from 
those who had been elected Senators by the people. Joseph 
Dorr, Esq., having been chosen a Councillor, the following is a 
copy of his letter of acceptance of that office. 

Mass. Arch. Rev. Letters vol. 202, p. 245. 

Mendon, 5th of June 1780. 
Sir, 

By your Official Letter of the 1st. inst. I am informed of my having been 
elected a Member of the Hon ble Board of Councillors for the year ensuing. 
I am very sensible of the dignity conferred upon me by this Election, 
and feel the warmest emotions of Gratitude to the Hon ble Gentlemen of the 
General Assembly for their suffrages on the occasion ; at the same time, 
conscious of .my Inability to discharge the important Duties of this ele- 
vated station with that benefit and real service to the public as I could ear- 
nestly wish, I shall enter upon this arduous business with great Diffidence 
and some degree of Reluctance. 

The circumstances of my Family & domestick Affairs are such as will 
render my Constant attendance at Court extremely inconvenient. I doubt 
not therefore that the Hou ble Board will readily grant me all reasonable In- 
dulgence, and excuse my absence when the urgency of my affairs shall re- 
quire my Particular attention. The next week, being the term of holding 
the Court of Common Pleas, at Worcester, will prevent my giving so early 
an attendance at the Board as I should otherwise have done. 
I have the Honor to be Sir, 

With every sentiment of Duty & Respect 
To the Hon ble General Assembly 

Your most Obed 1 . Humble Serv't, 

Joseph Dorr. 
Hon. Samuel Adams Esq.. Secretary. 



396 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1780. 



HON. JOSEPH DORR, JR. 

Hon. Joseph Dorr, Jr., was born in Mendon May 24, 1730. 
He was the only son of Rev. Joseph Dorr. He graduated at 
Harvard in 1752 and received the degree of A. M, in course. 
He preached occasionally for several years but was never or- 
dained. He early turned his attention and energies to the polit- 
ical affairs of the times and became an earnest, unceasing and 
vigorous co-laborer with the earliest patriots of the Revolution. 
It was said of him that he devoted himself three hundred days 
of each year, from 1773 to 1780, to the public service, and with- 
out compensation. 

Mr. Dorr filled many important offices. He was Town Clerk 
and Treasurer, Justice of the Peace, Member of the Committees 
of Safety and Correspondence, one of the Committee chosen to 
call upon the Mandamus Councillors and demand the surrender 
of their commissions. He was a member of the Legislature and 
of the Governor's Council, a Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas (was a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas at the time 
of his election as Councillor) and Judge of Probate, which latter 
office he held to near the close of life. Judge Dorr died in 
Brookiield, Dec. 6, 1808, to which town he had, a few years 
before, removed, aged 78 years. 



MENDON SOLDIERS IN THE WAR IN 1780. 



William Torrey, 
Nat Torrey, 
Lemuel Green, 
David Green, 
Cyrenus Rawson, 
Jonathan Taft, 



Seth Johnson, 
John Hayward, 
Daniel? Stone, 
Caleb Legg, 
Joseph Passmore, 
Samuel Ramsdell. 



John Pickering, 
Elisha Chase, 
Zelek Darling, 
David Legg, • 
Benj. Hayward, 



The foregoing names are taken from a Roster entered as six 
months men. 

It is believed, however, that there were other men at this time 
serving in the Continental army. A paper, without date, is 
found among the Archives of the war containing the names, 
arranged in alphabetical order, of more than a hundred men as 
serving at some time in the army. The dates or places of their 
service is not mentioned. 



1780.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



397 



THE ROSTER WITHOUT DATE. 



Burg's Mate Jos. Adams, Nehemiah AUlrich, 
Lieut. Samuel Cobb, Phineas Aldrich, 
Lieut. Wm. Darling, Eleazer Albee, 
Adj. John Holden, Amasa Aldrich, 

Qr. Mas. "Wm. Jennison, Abraham Aldrich, 
Capt. Andrew Peters, Jacob Ammidown, 
Maj. Calvin Smith, Silas Brown, 

Surg. Stephen Wilkins, Ed. Bowker, 
Capt. Levi Willard, Timothy Bruce, 

Lieut. Samuel Warren, Justus Battles, 
Lieut. Levi Aldrich 



Asa Albee, 
Serg. Rufus Aldrich, 
Ebenf. Craggin, 
Saml. Davis, 
Ebenr. Davis, 
John Deering, 
Drum. Aaron Davis, 
Lieut. Enoch Darling, 
Job Darling, 
John Daniels, 
Joshua Daggett. 
Peter Darling, 
Levi Darling, 
Serg. Turner Ellis, 
Fifer, Marvel Ellis, 
Corp. Simeon Fish, 
Corp. Saml. Fairbanks, 
Amariah Force? 
Hez\ Fletcher, 
David French, 
Serg. Saml. French, 
Cleophas Green, 
Ichabod Hay ward, 
Darius Holbrook, 
William Hall, 
Benj. Vickery, 
Joseph Woodward, 
John White, 
Benj. White, 
Jabez Albee, 



Ichabod Bosworth, 
Oliver Chapin, 
Isaac Chapin, 
Arthur Corey, 
Wm. Chase, 
Josiah Chapin, 
Lieut. Joseph Cody. 
Serg, Adam Chapin, 
Corp. Peter Corbett, 
Corp. Wm. Cheney, 
Benj. Clark, 
Amos Craggin, 
Corp. Eliphalet Phil- 
brook, 
Serg. Benj. Read, 
Fifer Jona Rawson, 
Edward Rawson, 
Arthur Rawson, 
Aquilla Ramsdelk— lared 

Smith, 
Master, 
Calvin Smith, 
Saml. Smith, 
Simeon Staples, 
Jona. Staples, 
Amos Sheparson, 
Abraham Stearns, 
Enos Taft, 
Ebenr. Taft, 
Artemas Taft, 
Saml. Thayer, 
Joel Thayer, 
Jonas Twetchel, 
Nat Torrey, 
Amasa Thayer, 
Corp. Sheffield Patridge, Aaron Thayer, 
Saml. Washburn, Ens. Art. Amariah Vose? 

Serg. Benj. Walker, Elias Whitney, 
Corp. Thomas Watson Stephen Wood. 
Jona. Whitney, 
Jonathan Boyce, 



Serg. Jere. Battles, 
Samuel Boyce, 
Samuel Hill, 
Reuben Holbrook. 
John Hunt, 
Winsor Jones, 
Joshua Lazell, 
Moses Lovett, 
Moses Legg, 
William Legg, 
Wm. Lesure, 
David Legg Jr. , 
Corp. David Legg, 
Corp. Caleb Legg, 
Gideon Lesure, 
Levi Lesure, 
Robin Meinyo, 
Henry Nelson, 
Daniel Norcross, 
Benj. Norcross, 
David Owen, 
Benj. Owen, 
Amos Patridge, 
Eli Patridge, 
Joseph Passmore, 



Return of Clothing for the Town of Mendon, under a requi- 
sition of May 4, 1780. (Rev. and Miscellaneous, Vol. 141, pp. 
292, 293.) 



398 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1781. 



Dec. 28. 



33 Shirts, 

33 prs. Shoes, 

34 " Stockings. 
16 " Blankets, 
26 Miles travel, 

7 Days out, 



£40 £1320 00 00 

40.. 1320 00 00 

24 816 00 00 

100 1600 00 00 

104 00 00 

243 00 00 



£5403 00 00 



Stephen Torre y. 



Receipted for by 
Rev. and Mis., Vol. 141, p. 331. 

Allowed the Selectmen of the Town of Mendon: 

Mileage paid 6 men to Rhode Island, 60 miles £18 00 00 

Also, " 10 men to Springfield, 70 " 70 00 00 

Also, " 10 men to Boston, 37 " 37 00 00 

Also, " 20 men to Claverick, 180 " 360 00 00 

Also, " 6 men to Rutland, 30 " 18 00 00 



£503 00 00 



Rev. & Mis., Vol. 141, p. 437. 

Allowed the Selectmen of Mendon : 

For 6 Horses and expense in procuring & transporting 

Old Money £5865 00 00 in the new, £146 12 06 

Rev. & Mis., Vol. 141, p. 205. 

The following Table, showing the depreciation of the Conti- 
nental money, will explain the high prices found in the preced- 
ing pages: 

DEPRECIATION TABLE. 
MONTHS. 1777- 

Jauuaiy 105 

February 107 

March 109 

April 112 

May 115 

June 120 

July 125 

August 150 

September 175 

October 275 

November 300 

December. ... 310 



1778. 


1779. 


1780. 


1781. 


325 


742 


2934 


7400 


350 


868 


3322 


7400 


375 


1000 


3736 


7500 


400 


1104 


4000 




400 


1215 


4600 




400 


1342 


6400 




425 


1477 


6900 




450 


1630 


7000 




475 


1800 


7100 




500 


2030 


7200 




544 


2308 


7300 




634 


2593 


7400 





1 781. Feb 6. Voted to choose thirty-two men in addition 



1781.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 399 



to the former Committee of Sixteen ehosen to hire soldiers for 
the army. The mimes of the Committee are as follows, viz: 

Ebenezer Merriam, Lt. James Lovett, Aaron Thayer Jr. , 

Benoni Benson, Moses Smith, Jos. Bates, 

Saml. Fairbanks, Jesse Wheelock, Lt, Abraham Staples, 

Phineas Aldrich, Col. Silas Wheelock, James Blake, 

Seth Taft, Peter Wheelock, John Crooks, 

Jepthah Clark, Dea. Josiah Adams, Moses Thayer, 

Lt, Seth Wheelock, Capt. Peter Penniman, John Penniman, 

Benj. Boyee, Benj. Ellcry Esq., Zebulon Goss, 

Lt. Seth Chapin, Ens. Peletiah Darling, Daniel Taft. 

Lt. Peter White, Robert Lawton, 

Feb. 6, 1781. Voted that the Treasurer of this town give security to any 
three, or less number of men, chosen as a Committee, by this town, for the 
purpose of hiring this town's quota of men now raising for the Continen- 
tal Army, pursuant to a Resolve of the General Court of this Common- 
wealth of the 2nd of December 1780, who shall produce proper certificates 
that they have hired such men to enlist into the army as aforesaid, and 
have given him such a sum or sums: said security to be given similar, with 
regard to manner and time of payment, with those said town's Committee 
may have given to the soldier, and be worded agreeable to the following. 

Mendon, Feb. 1781. 

In behalf said Town of Mendon I, the subscriber do hereby promise 
and oblige myself and successors in the office of Treasurer of said town, 
to pay unto A. B. the sum of pounds in Spanish milled dollars, or 

gould to the value thereof, it being for his or their paying same to C. D. 
for enlisting in the Continental Army, as one of said town's quota of men 
now raising pursuant to a Resolve of this Commonwealth of the 2d. of 
December last 

Witness my hand E. F. Treasurer. 

March 5. Chose for Selectmen, Dan. Aldrich, Lt. Reuben 
Thayer, Turner Ellis, Nairn in Taft and James Lovett; Levi 
Rawson, Town Clerk; George Aldrich, Treasurer; Constables, 
Lt. Increase Thayer and Peter Darling. 

Voted that one-third of the Town Meetings be held at the 
South Parish Meeting House in future. 

Voted to allow the Selectmen for the year past three hard dol- 
lars, or paper money equivalent, for their services. The Over- 
seers of the Poor and the Assessors were allowed two hard dol- 
lars and the Treasurer 20s hard money.. 

April 2. State Election. 

For Governor, John Hancock had 26 votes. 

For Lt, Governor, Thomas Gushing had 22 votes. 



400 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1781. 

For Senators and Councillors, Moses Gill, Samuel Baker, Joseph Dorr, 
Seth Washburn and Israel Nichols, Esqrs. had 27 votes each. 

SETTLEMENT WITH THE TOWN OP MILFORD. 

We the Subscribers, being Committees chosen by the Towns of Mendon 
and Milford to settle sundry affairs between said Towns have attended that 
service and have divided the Poor Peopel, which were supported by the 
town of Mendon before the Town of Milford was incorporated into a town, 
to each of said Towns their proportionable part of said Poor. Also we have 
divided that part of the Country Road and the Eight Rod Road (so called) 
which is between the said town of Mendon and Milford to each town then- 
equal half, to mend and keep in repair forever and have committed a writ- 
ten division of said Poor (not now found) and said Roads with Town Clerks 
of each town, to be recorded, they being signed by the Chairman of each of ■ 
the abovesaid Committees. 

We the Committee of Mendon have delivered said Committee of Milford 
their part of-the Arms and Ammunition belonging to said town of Mendon 
before said Milford was set off and have taken their receipt therefor 

We have also found that the Town of Mendon owes the Town of Milford 
the sum of two thousand pounds old emission and also said Town of Mil- 
ford's proportionable part of two State Notes, one dated Dec. 1, 1779 for 
£1169.09, two years' interest paid, the other, dated April 1, 1778 for £1234.04, 
one year's interest paid, they the said Town of Milford pa}ing or discharg- 
ing the said Town of Mendon from the several debts which said Town of 
Mendon owes to the several persons hereafter named, viz : 

Mr. Ichabod Thayer's Note dated Aug. 19, 1776 for £15 00 00 

Capt. Ichabod Thayer's " " Apr. 25, 1779 " 30 00 00 

Elijah Stoddard's " " May 23,1777 " 18 00 00 

Ezekiel Bates' " " " 27,1778 " 50 00 00 

Boyce Kimball's " " " 31,1777 " 30 00 00 

Saul Ramsdell's " " Apr. 22, 1777 " 18 00 00 

Capt. Gershom Nelson's " " Mar. 12, 1777 " 30 00 00 

Ebenezer Read's " " Aug. 1,1778 " 20 00 00 

Obadiah Wood's " " May 1777 " 30 00 00 

We say that in case said Town of Milford discharged the abovesaid debts, 
then the Town of Mendon owes the Town of Milford Two Thousand Pounds, 
Old Emission, to be on interest until paid, and also their proportionable part 
of the abovesaid State Notes, 

And in case there should any more debts appear against said Town of 
Mendon that were due before said Town of Milford was incorporated into 
a Town then said Milford is still held to pay their proportionable part save 
that there is in the Treasury of said Town of Mendon six hundred pounds 
to be adjusted. 

And also we have delivered to the said Town of Milford their proportion- 
able part of the Ministry Money and School Money which formerly belonged 
to the said Town of Mendon before Milford was set off as a town. 






1781.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 401 

The Town of Mcndon is to pay and discharge the following debts that 
were contracted before the Town of Milford was incorporated viz: 

To Col. Andrew Peters, the sum of £156 00 00 

Edward Rawson Esq. " 168 12 07 

Josiah Nelson 3 Notes, " 140 00 00 

Widow Rawson " 39 00 00 

LeviAlbee " 36 00 00 

Capt. Samuel Green, " 15 00 00 

Samuel Twiss " 24 00 00 

Henry Penniman " 12 00 

Relative to the Town of Mendon owing the Town of Milford $2000, as 
also said Town of Mendon and said Town of Milford discharging the above- 
said is submitted to said Towns. 

Peter Penniman, 

John Albee, Committee of 

Samuel Warren, Mendon 

Jonathan Jones, f and 

Ichabod Thayer Jr. Milford. 

Saml. Jones, J 

Mendon 26th. March 1781. 

Milford March 19, 1781. Then we the Subscribers in behalf of the Town 
of Milford Rec'd of the Committee of the Town of Mendon the whole of 
sd. Town of Milford's part of the Ministry Bonds and School Bonds which 
Belonged to the Town of Mendon before sd town of Milford was incorpo- 
rated into a town. 

Saml. Warren, 



irBo'oTHAVER Jr. I* Committee of Milford. 
Saml. Jones. J 

May 30. Voted to accept the report of the committee for 
settling affairs with Milford, provided that the town of Milford 
receive the £2000, old emission. 

Voted that the Treasurer go and make immediate payment of 
the aforesaid £2000. 

Maj. Thompson, Capt. Penniman and Dan. Aldrich were 
chosen a committee to search into the state of the town respect- 
ing their debts. 

At an adjournment of this meeting it was voted not to 
instruct the Constable to proceed in collecting "the old paper 
money." 

At this time the Continental money became worthless, as the 
last quotation was 7500 for one hundred dollars in silver. 

May 14. Capt. Benjamin Read was chosen Representative to 
the General Court. 

51 



402 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1781. 

The warrant for this meeting (which was held at Chestnut 
Hill,) was to see if the town would elect one good and lawful 
man to represent the town in the General Court, "agreeable to 
the Directions given in the Constitution." This warrant was 
dated in the fifth year of American Independence. 

April 2. .Voted to raise £370, silver money, and that the 
assessors immediately assess the same, to be jmid into the Treas- 
ury to discharge the first third of the money borrowed to pay 
the soldiers who enlisted for three years; £500 for the second 
third, to be assessed on or before the first day of January, 1783, 
and the remaining third on or before the first day of January, 
1784. 

July 2. Chose Col. Samuel Craggin, Lt. Increase Thayer. 
Jr., and Lt. John Benson a committee to procure the town's 
quota of beef for the army. The quota for Mendon is set down 
in Archives of the War, at the State House, at 6782 pounds, 
and Milford at 4375 pounds. 

Chose Capt. Philip Amidown, Mr. Nahum Taft and Lt. Seth 
Chapin a committee to hire soldiers, when called for, the pres- 
ent year. 

AN INFLATED CURRENCY. 

Voted that the Constables proceed forthwith to collect the remainder 
part of the Town's paper money rates (old emission) and to collect them in 
the new money (new emission), and to make distress on all that neglect 
payment, and to sell it (the property levied upon) for new money only; 
and that the Constables be indemnified in that proceedure, and that the 
Town Risque all the cost and charge that may be brought upon the Con- 
stables in consequence of said vote, and that the Town will clear the 
Constables from any costs that may come upon that account. 

July 23. Voted to allow 5s. per bushel for Indian Corn and 6s. per 
bushel for Rye, on Grain notes. 

Voted that the Selectmen help John Hayward to some corn or money 
directly. 

Voted to raise £474 silver money to pay the men now gone for three 
months, and the Town's quota of Beef for six months, with three yoke of 
Oxen on hand, not paid for. 

Aug. 29. At a town meeting held this day, Dan Aldrich 
being chosen Moderator, then Capt. Amidown, Lt. William 
Thayer, Lt. Increase Thayer and Henry Penniman, of Mendon 
and freeholders, came before the meeting and scrupled the 






1781.] ANNALS OF MENTION. 403 

fidelity of Dan Aldrich and Lt. Reuben Thayer, to whom the 
oath of allegiance was tendered, and said Aldrich put it off for 
further consideration, but said Thayer took the oath. 

Then Lt. Reuben Thayer, Jesse Tourtelotte, William Darling, 
Peletiah and Gideon Thayer, of Mendon, freeholders, ques- 
tioned the fidelity of Capt. Tyler, Capt. Amidown and Gapt. 
Benj. Read, and they took the oath; and Dan Aldrich being 
disqualified, Turner Elis was chosen Moderator and took the 
oath, and then the town went on business. 

Sept. 10. Voted to raise £520, silver money, to discharge old 
debts the town owed, £40 for the support of the poor the pres- 
ent year and £54 for the support of the soldiers' families, being 
£G14 in the whole, all in " silver or gould." 

Dec. 17. Voted to raise £30 in addition to the sum already 
raised to procure the three years' men not yet hired. 

Voted not to raise any money for schools this year. 

At this time it was found that there was due, for taxes uncol- 
lected from the Constables of 1777, 1778, 1779 and 1780 the 
sum of £1029.09.03, whereupon the town voted that the Town 
Treasurer order all the delinquent Constables to pay in their 
respective balances immediately. 

Voted that the committee for settling affairs with Milford 
make a final settlement with them of the £2000, old emission, 
due said Milford. 

Mendon 19th. of Dec. 1781. 

Then the Committees of Mendon and Milford that were to adjust and 
settle all Accounts between said Towns met and settled and paid said Mil- 
ford £2000 that Mendon owed Milford in the former Report, and adjusted 
the several debts as follows, viz : — For the Town of Milford to pay 
John Battles two notes, dated Aug. 2, 1778, each for £22 00 00 

The Town of Mendon to pay the following debts, viz : — 

Lydia Taft, two notes dated Mar. 12. 1777, each for £18 00 00 

Caleb Boynton jr.'s note " May 18. 1778, " 50 00 00 

Joiia Boyce's ' 26.1778, '■ 3116 00 

Laban Fairbanks' " " " 30.1777, " 18 00 00 

JonN Tyler, ^| 
John Albee, Committees 

Peter Penniman, [ ,. 

Samuel Jones, I()1 

Samuel Wahken, | Mendon & Milford. 
Jonathan Jones. 



404 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1781. 

Milford Feb. 22. 1782. 
The Committees of Mendon and Milford met and adjusted the several 
debts following viz : — The Town of Milford to pay 

Jeduthan Rttwson's Note dated May 30. 1777 for £30 00 00 

The Town of Mendon to pay 

Lt. Solomon White's Note, dated May 30. 1777 for £30 00 00 

Benj. Blake's " " Aug. 5. 1776 for 1100 00 

Three pounds being endorsed thereon. 

And the Town of Mendon to pay the Town of Milford £2.11.00, by 
reason that the abovesaid Note to Jeduthan Rawson is more than their part 
to pay. And the abovesaid £2.11.00 to be paid when the Town of Milford 
shall call for it. 

John Tyler, ) 

John Albee, [- Com. for Mendon. 

Peter Penniman, ) 

Samuel Warren, ) 

Ichabod Thayer, Jr., VCom. for Milford. 

Samuel Jones. ) 

MENDON SOLDIEKS IN THE WAR OF 1781. 

Three months men at West Point. 

Serg. Nathl. Torrey, Daniel, Holbrook, 

Stephen Nelson, Ichabod Benson, 

Marble Taft, Peter Holbrook, 

Isaac Bates, Jona. Taft, 

Benj. Hayward, Saul Ramsdell. 

Sixth Mass. Regiment 1781. 

Capt. John Holden, Samuel Ramsdell, 

John Clark, Calvin Smith, 

Jared Smith, Serg. Samuel . 

N. B. Joseph Wood died in the service. 

The call for Massachusetts of June 30, was for 2700 men for 
three months, and the quota for Mendon and Milford was 21. 

REVOLUTIONARY MEMORANDA. 

Rev. and Mis., Vol. 141, p. 293. 

Mendon Return for Cloathing for 1781, viz: — 

March 8, 23 Shirts @ 10s £11 10 00 

27 prs. Shoes " 10s 14 10 00 

27 prs. Hose " 6s 8 02 00 

5 Days 2 02 00 

30 Miles travel : 

£36 04 00 
Receipted for by James Lovett. 

Rev. & Mis. vol. 141, p. 12, (Mass. Archives.) 



1781.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 405 

Apr. 11, 1781. Allowed John Passmore of Mendon for sundry Cloathing 

lost in a neccessary Retreat from New York Sept. 15, 1776 as pr. account 

rendered and sworn to amounting to £13.16 hard money equal to £25.17.00 

in paper. 

April 13, 1781. Allowed Cyrenius Rawson, on his receipt as a 
six months soldier for the use of his blanket in the New Cur- 
rency £0 07 00 

Apr. 16, 1781. Allowed Caleb Legg, of Mendon, on his receipt 
as a six months soldier, for the use of his blanket, in the new 
currency 07 06 

Apr. 27, 1781. Allowed Samuel Tucker, of Mendon, on his cer- 
tificate of Bounty and use of gun and blanket the sum of sev- 
enty pound in the Old Emission, equal in the New to 1 15 00 

May 10, 1781. Allowed Seath Johnson, of Mendon, on his cer- 
tificate, the sum of fifteen pounds in the old emission, equal in 
the New, to 7 10 00 

Aug. 17, 1781. Allowed William Foster, of Mendon, for the use 
of blanket, he being a soldier in the service to Reinforce the 
Continental Army for Nine Months in 1779, Sixty pounds old 
emission, equal in the New to 1 10 00 

Allowed the Selectmen of Mendon on their Acct. for Mileage paid 
13 men to Springfield, distance 70 miles at 6s. pr mile in the 
Old Currency, equal in amount in the New Currency to 6 16 06 

Also for 22 men to Claverick (N. Y.) distance 170 miles, at 6s. per 
mile in the Old Currency, equal, in the New, to. 28 01 00 

making in the whole £34 17 06. 

VALUATION OP MENDON IN 1781. 

296 Polls. 

165 Houses @ 45s £375 05 00 

136 Barns "18s •. 122 08 00 

75 Stores, &c. " 6s 22 10 00 

8 Distill Houses, Mills &c. "12s 28 00 00 

891 Acres & parts of an Acre. English Mowing, @ 12s 534 12 00 

643 Barrels of Cider ' " 2s. 6d. . . . 80 07 06 

900 Acres of Tillidge Land " 8s 360 00 00 

1104 do. " Salt & Fresh meadow, " 6s 331 04 00 

4000 do. "Pasturing " 3s 600 00 00 

8857 do. " Wood & unimproved Land, "30s 265 15 00 

£1000 Money on interest & on hand £1000 00 00 

£250 Amt, Goods, Wares & Merchandize 250 00 00 

127 Horses, @ £6 762 00 00 

179 Oxen, " 7 1253 00 00 

688 Cows, " 4 2752 00 00 

764 Sheep & Goats, " 6s 229 04 00 

130 Swine, 12s 78 00 00 

£100 Coaches, Chaises &c 100 00 00 

Income, 



406 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1782. 

4 Ounces of Gold, coined or not coined 20 06 08 

300 do. " Silver coined or not coined 100 00 00 392 16 10 

€3108 18 04 
Mass. Archives vol. 178 p. 290. 

To His Excellency the Governor and the Hon b,e Council for the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. 

We, the Subscribers beg leave to exhibit our Accompt for supporting- 
James Thompson a Native of who is a State Charge. 

Paid for Boarding James Thompson from the twentieth day 

of March last to the twenty sixth of Sept., 26 weeks £8 02 00 silver. 

More to two Shurts 06 08 

To Mending Shews & Shurts 104 00 " 

To one pare of Shews 12 00 

$10 04 08 
Mendon Sept. y e 26, 1781. 

James Lovett, 1 
Reuben Thayer, I Selectmen 
Turner Ellis, f of Mendon. 
Nahum Taft. J 
Worcester ss. Sept. 26, 1781. 

Personally appeared the above named James Lovett, Reuben Thayer, 
Turner Ellis & Nahum Taft, Selectmen of Mendon, and made solemn oath 
that the above Account, by them exhibited, is a Just and True Account, in 
all its parts, According to the best of their knowledge. 
Sworn before me, 

Edward Rawson, Justice of the Peace. 
In Council Feb. 7, 1782, Read and advised that a Warrant be drawn on 
the Treasurer for £10.04.08 in full for the above Acct. 

John Avery, Secy. 
Capt. Benj. Read. 



1782. March 1. Chose for Selectmen, Capt. John Tyler, 
Capt. Levi Aldrich, Wm. French, Lt. John Benson and Benja- 
min Smith; Town Clerk and Treasurer, Capt. Philip Amidown, 
Jr. ; Constables, Lt. William Thayer and Daniel Taft. The Se- 
lectmen to be the Committee of Correspondence. 

Voted that the Selectmen, for the future, shall make a fair 
record of alb the orders they shall draw on the Town Treasurer, 
setting forth who they are to, what they are for and when given; 
and that they transmit to the Town Treasurer once every three 
months a list of all the orders they have given out, setting forth 
who they are to, the date and the sum of each order. 



1782.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 407 

April 1. Voted that the town would not act anything for tak- 
ing off the Excise (tax) on spirituous liquors. 

Voted that the annual March meetings, for the future, be held 
at the First Precinct Meeting House, and that one third of all 
other meetings be held at the Second Precinct Meeting House, 
adjournments excepted. 

Voted to pass over the 6th article in the warrant, which was, 
" To see if the Town will bring in their votes, for any person in 
town, for a Justice of the Peace, and order the Selectmen to rec- 
ommend the same to the Governor and Council for a Commis- 
sion." 

Also voted to pass over the 8th and 9th articles. The 8th was 
to see if the town would choose a Committee to audit accounts 
before they were laid before the town; and the 9th Avas to see if 
the town would allow the Constable to receive orders on the 
Treasurer, in payment of rates. 

Voted that the committee to settle accounts between Mendon 
and Milford shall have 2s. per day for their services while on 
that business, viz: — 

Capt. Peter Penniman, 13 days at 2s. per day is £1 06 00 

Capt. John Tyler, 11 " " " " 102 00 

Capt, John Albee, 11 " " " " 1 02 00 

Ens. Pelatiah Darling, 4 " " " " 00 08 00 

Capt. Levi Aldrich, 5 " " " " 00 10 00 



£4 08 00 

Voted that Lieut. James Lovett, Ens. Pelatiah Darling and 
Edward Rawson shall have 2s. per day for their services as a 
committee chosen by the town to collect some objections against 
the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Lt. James Lovett 2 days at 2s. per day is £0 04 00 

Ens. Pelatiah Darling " " " 04 00 

Edward Rawson " " " 04 00 

May 29. Voted that the Selectmen 1781 have two silver dol- 
lars each for their services. 

Voted to forego Michael Callunrs rates in Mr. Levi Rawson's 
rate bills for 1780, which is 10 shillings silver money, and 99 
pounds 8 shillings in paper money, old tenor. 

March 25. Voted that Capt. Peter Penniman, Capt. Philip 



408 ANNALS OF MBNDON. [1782. 

Amidown, Capt. Levi Aldrich be a committee to hire the five 
men for the Continental Army, pursuant to a resolve of the 
General Court, passed March 8, 1782. 

Capt. Peter Penniman, Capt. John Tyler and Lieut. John 
Benson were chosen a committee to make inquiry why there is 
so much old Continental money in the hands of Mr. George 
Aldrich, and in the hands of the last year's Selectmen. 

Voted to choose one Delegate to join in Convention at Wor- 
cester on the second Tuesday in April next, pursuant to a Cir- 
cular Letter from the town of Hardwick, and Capt. Peter 
Penniman was chosen Delegate. 

This Convention met April 9th, and was organized by the 
choice of Caleb Curtice as Moderator and Timothy Whiting as 
Clerk. 

The Convention complained that they were not satisfied with 
the manner the numerous sums of public money which have 
been assessed upon the people have been disposed of. Among 
the remedies they proposed, they urgently recommended that an 
immediate settlement should be made with the State Treasurer 
and all other disbursing officers, and immediate measures adopt- 
ed to recover all monies found in the hands of delinquents. 
They recommended to the several towns in the county to 
instruct their Representatives to bring the matter to the notice 
of the General Court, and should no effectual methods be taken 
to accomplish the above purposes, the Representatives were to be 
instructed to withdraw from their attendance on the Court. 

The Convention resolved that those in the public service 
should not receive extravagant compensation, and that the fees 
of the gentlemen lawyers should be reduced; that the Court of 
Probate should be held in four different places in the county; 
that justices may be empowered to determine all actions of 
twenty pounds and under; that the people could supply beef 
and other articles for the support of the army easier than to be 
assessed in money; that the State should urge a settlement with 
Congress, and that in future we should not be called on for 
more than our just proportion for the support of the Govern- 
ment. 

Voted that Mr. Isaiah Thomas, printer of the Massachusetts 
Spy, be requested to publish them in his next paper. 



1782.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 409 

After choosing Peter Whcelock, Lieut. Jos. Johnson and John 
Brooks to give the Delegate instructions, it was then voted that 
the Delegate's attendance at the Convention should be free of 
charge to the town. 



STATE ELECTION. 

April 1, 1782. After the meeting was called to order by the 
Selectmen, " they repeatedly called for votes for Governor, Lt. 
Governor and Senators & Councillors, but no votes were brought 
in when called for." 

May 13. The first business of this meeting was for the choice 
of a Representative to the General Court, but as no votes were 
brought in when repeatedly called for, the meeting proceeded to 
the consideration of the other articles in the Warrant. 

After excusing Capt. Peter Penniman from attending the 
Convention at Worcester, and choosing Lt. Joseph Johnson in 
his stead, a committee consisting of Joseph Dorr, Esq., Lieut. 
Joseph Johnson, Capt. Peter Penniman, Dan Aldrich and Capt. 
Benjamin Read, were chosen to render reasons why the town 
did not choose a Representative the present year. What the 
reasons were neither the record or tradition furnish any intima- 
tion. Neither do we learn from any source why, at the State 
election, in April, no votes were given in for Governor, Lieut. 
Governor, Senators and Councillors. 

Voted that Philip Amidown, Jr., Town Treasurer, with the 
advice of the Selectmen, issue executions against the delincjuent 
Constables, and also call in all other debts due the town as 
conveniently may be. 

Nov. 18. Voted to act upon a Circular Letter from the town 
of Boston. 

Voted to choose a committee of three men to assist the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety in detecting all 
illicit trade with our present enemy. 

The committee chosen were Philip Amidown, Capt. Benjamin 
Read and Capt. John Albee. 

Voted that we will exert ourselves individually to detect and 

52 



410 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1782. 

bring to clue punishment all persons who trade or import goods 
or any manufactures from any post held by the British, our 
enemies. 

It is not known that Mendon furnished any men for the Con- 
tinental Army in 1782, other than those who had enlisted for 
service during the war, and whose names are as follows, viz: — 

Gustavus Aldrich, John Clark, Benj. Hayward, 

Jonathan Boyce, Aaron Davis, Nathan Jackson, 

Silas Brown, Paul Davis, John Martindale, 

Henry Nelson, Said Ramsdell, Jon'th'n Whitney (killed), 

Amariah Partridge, Jonathan Taft, Solomon Whitney, 

Joseph Passmore, Joel Thayer, 19. 

Jeduthan Rawson, Samuel Thayer, 

It will be remembered that some of the Rosters are sivpposed 
to be lost, and thus it is not absolutely certain that the names 
of all the men who served in the different quotas for Mendon # 
have been preserved. 

The war being virtually ended in 1782 may account for the 
fact that Mendon was called upon for only five men. It is sup- 
posed they were furnished, although a second committee of five 
men was chosen to fill the quota, the five first chosen having 
failed to do so. 

So far as may be learned from the Archives at the State 
House, the following are the names of those who died in the 
service, viz: — 

Amariah Albee, John Hayward, Elijah Stoddard, 

Joseph Chapin, Ezra Marshall. Jonath'n Whitney,(killed) 

Joseph Wood, died July 21, 17— in Capt. Batcheller's Co. 7. 

The old emission of Continental money having become worth- 
less in March, 1781, a new emission was made, which however, 
almost immediately fell below par. For a better understanding 
of the state of the currency at this time, the following table is 
introduced. It may be found in the Massachusetts Archives, 
Rev. and Mis., Vol. Ill, upon the last page. 



1783.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 411 



A TABLE TO REDUCE THE NEW MONEY INTO SPECIE, 1782. 
100 £ is £53 06 08 100 £ is £ 53 06 08 18 £ is £ 9 12 00 



90 •' 


48 00 00 


200 " 


106 13 04 


19 " 


10 02 08 


80 " 


42 


13 04 


300 " 


ICO 00 00 


20 " 


10 13 04 


70 " 
60 " 


37 

32 


06 08 
00 00 


400 " 
500 " 


213 06 08 
266 13 04 






10 s. is 


s. 5 04 


50 " 


26 


13 04 


600 " 


320 00 00 


9 " 


4 09 I 


40 " 


2t 


06 08 


700 " 


373 06 08 


8 " 


4 03 o 


30 " 


16 


00 00 


800 " 


436 13 04 


7 " 


3 09 


20 " 


10 


13 04 


900 " 


480 00 00 


6 " 


3 02 $ 


10 " 


5 


06 08 


1000 " 


533 06 08 


5 •' 


2 OS 


9 " 

8 " 


4 

4 


16 00 
05 04 






4 " 
3 " 


2 01 i 
1 07 


10 £ is 


£ 5 06 08 


7 


3 


14 08 


11 " 


5 17 04 


2 " 


1 01 


6 " 


3 


00 00 


12 " 


6 08 00 


1 " 


06 4 


5 " 
4 " 





13 04 
02 08 


13 " 

14 " 


6 18 OS 

7 09 04 






2 






3 " 


1 


12 00 


15 " 


8 00 00 






2 " 


1 


01 04 


16 " 


8 10 08 






1 '• 




10 08 


17 " 


9 01 04 







1783. Chose for Selectmen, Capt. John Tyler, Capt. Benj. 
Read, Benjamin Smith, Lt. John Benson and Joseph Bates, 
also to serve as Overseers of the Poor; Philip Amidown, Town 
Clerk and Treasurer; Moses Smith and David Daniels, Con- 
stables. 

Voted to forego part of Nathaniel Ingraham's rates for 1780, 
£06.00.00. 

Voted to scale Nathan and Nehemiah Beals' rates according 
to the scale for the month of September, 1780; that is, £'100 
silver worth £7100 currency, old emission. 

Last Monday in March, by adjournment. 

Voted to allow each of the Selectmen and Assessors $2.00 for 
their services in 1782. 

STATE ELECTION. 

April 2. For Governor, Benjamin Lincoln, Esq., had 24 votes. 

" % " James Bowdoin, Esq., had 2 " 

Wm. Heath, Esq., had 1 " 

For Lieut. Governor, Nathaniel Gorliam, Esq., had. 24 " 

" " " Thos. Cushing, Esq., had . . . . 1 " 

For Senators, Artemas Ward, Esq., had 20 " 

Moses Gill, Esq., had 20 " 

Samuel Baker, Esq., had 20 " 

Jonath". Warner, Esq., had 20 " 

Nathan Tyler, Esq., had 20 " 



412 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1783. 

It may not be uninteresting to state, in this place, that no 
person could be elected to the offices of Governor and Lieuten- 
ant Governor unless they had been inhabitants of the State for 
seven years preceding, and unless, at the same time, they were 
seized, in their own right, of a freehold within the Common- 
wealth of the value of one thousand pounds, and unless they 
declare themselves to be of the Christian religion. 

Senators were to be seized in their own right of a freehold 
within the Commonwealth of three hundred pounds at least, or 
possessed of personal estate to the value of six hundred pounds 
at least, or of both to the amount of the same sum, and to have 
been an inhabitant of the Commonwelth for five years preceding 
their election, and at the time of their election an inhabitant of 
the district for which they shall be chosen. 

Representatives were to be inhabitants at least one year pre- 
ceding their election, be seized in their own right of a freehold 
of the value of one hundred pounds within the town they should 
be chosen to represent, or any ratable estate to the value of two 
hundred pounds; and they shall cease to be representatives im- 
mediately on ceasing to be qualified as aforesaid. 

To be qualified as voters, every person must be twenty-one 
years of age, a resident of the town where he claims the right to 
vote for one year preceding, have a freehold estate within the 
same town of an annual income of three pounds, or any estate 
of the value of sixty pounds. 

The qualification of voters will, in a measure, account for the 
thin vote at the election of State officers, as above. 

May 14. Dan Aldrich, Nathan Very, Levi Aldrich, Capt. 
John Albee, Philip Amidown and Lieut. Benoni Benson were 
chosen a committee "to look into the circumstances of certain 
persons of whom, it is said by the Constables, they cannot pay 
their Rates." 

"Voted to allow Samuel Fairbanks for a counierfeiUhirty six shilling 
bill Sirord in Hand Money." 

Why called sword in hand money will be seen by an inspection 
of the plate on next page. It was first issued in 1775. An 
emission in 177G differed from the first only that the word 
Independence was substituted for the word Magna Cliarla. I 
am indebted to Mr. Barton, Assistant Librarian of the Ameri- 









1783.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



413 




414 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1783. 

can Antiquarian Society, for the loan of the bill from which 
this fac simile was produced. From him I learn that the ori- 
ginal plate is now in the possession of the Natural History and 
Antiquarian Society of Montrose, Scotland. 

May 14. Chose Peter Penniman, Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court; and Capt. John Tyler, Capt. Benj. Read, Benjamin 
Smith, Peletiah Darling and Nathan Terry were chosen a Com- 
mittee to give him instructions. 

This meeting was adjourned to meet May 26th inst. at the 
house of John Hill, Innholder, at which place, without the 
transaction of any business, the meeting was dissolved. John 
Hill's tavern stood upon or near the site now occupied by David 
Adams' house. 

Jnne 16. Voted to forego John CI. White's Rate in Constable, 
Wm. Thayer's rate bills for 1782. This is the first instance, 
since the settlement of the town, when airy person was recorded 
as having more than one given name. 

July 7. Philip Amidown, Capt. John Tyler and Capt. Benj. 
Read were chosen a Committee "to prosecute and recover of 
James Lovett and other Selectmen for 1781, all the securities 
which they unjustly withhold from the said Town of Mendon." 

Sept. 1. At this time, as appears by the record, the School 
and Highway Districts were identical, and were seven in num- 
ber. A Committee of fourteen was chosen to new arrange them, 
but no report is found of their doings. 

Sept. Voted to raise $30 to build a Trussell under the Great 
Bridge, near Nullum Taft's Mill (Millville); and 115 to repair 
the road over Pond Hills. 

Oct. 6. Voted to raise £200 including £13.10 already raised, 
to defray town charges this present year. 

Joseph Dorr and others having 'petitioned the General Court 
to be incorporated as the First Congregational Society in the 
First Parish in Mendon, 

Nov. 10. The Town voted " that the Town of Mendon have 
no objection to the prayer of the Petition being granted," and, 
on the same day, the Parish also voted their consent. 

Voted that the Town Clerk record all the warrants given out 
to warn persons out of the Town of Mendon and also the ser- 
vices of said warrants. 






1783.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 415 



Voted that the care of the action commenced by James Lovett, 
against the Town of Mendon, he committed to the care of the 
Selectmen. 

MEMORANDA. 

Mass. Archives, Court vol. 15, p. 162. 

In the H. of K, July 17. 1783. On the Petition of Joseph Dorr and oth- 
ers, Inhabitants of the First Parish in Mendon, praying, amongst other 
things to be incorporated into a Society by the name of the First Congre- 
gational Society in Mendon. 

Ordered, that the prayer of said Petition be so far granted that the Peti- 
tioners be and are hereby authorized to notify the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Mendon, by serving the Town Clerk of the said Town and the Parish 
Clerk of the 1st Parish in said town of Mendon, to appear on the second 
Tuesday of the next sitting of the General Court (the said Notice to be 
given 15 days before said Tuesday) and shew cause, if any they have, why 
the prayer of said Petition should not be granted. 
In Senate Read & Concurred. 

Laws of Mass. vol. 1, p. 100. 

March 16, 1784. Joseph Dorr, Peter Pennimau, John Tyler, Henry Pen- 
niman, John Albee, John Penniman, Zebulon Goss, William Thayer Jr., In- 
crease Thayer, Calvin Smith, Josiah Adams, Samuel Fairbanks, Stephen 
Torrey, Abraham Staples, Jacob Ellis, Andrew Peters, Hezekiah Hayward, 
John Hayward, Levi Rawson, William Torrey, Joseph Adams, John Hay- 
ward Jr., Philip Amidown, Otis Whipple, Joseph Adams Jr., Beth Whee- 
lock, John Crooks, Josiah Penniman, Saul Ramsdell, Moses Smith, Calvin 
Smith Jr., Peter Thayer Jr., Aquilla Robbins, Matthew Hill, Alexander 
Thayer, Stephen Wood, Grindall Wood, David Ellis, Barlow Carpenter, 
Thomas Rawson, Nathaniel Torrey, Stephen Johnson, Seth Davenport, 
Samnel Fairbanks Jr., Elijah Hayward, George Staples, John Craggin, Seth 
Taft, Artemas Taft, John Torrey, Benjamin Staples, Jacob Aldrich Jr. and 
John Hill, together with their estates which they now have or may hereaf- 
ter have and possess in their own right in the First Parish in Mendon be and 
are hereby incorporated into a Society, by the name of the First Congre- 
gational Society in Mendon. 

In the act Peter Penniman, John Tyler and Henry Penniman 
were made Trustees of the Fund, which, at the time of the in- 
corporation, was £1321. 

The interest of the Fund, or so much as the Society may di- 
rect, to be paid to " a minister of the Congregational Church, 
resident and officiating in the work of the Ministry in said Town 
forever." 



416 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1783. 

The town and the parish granted the Meeting House and 
ground properly appertaining thereto to the Society, reserving 
the right of all " to meet in said Meeting House for Public Wor- 
ship and also for Town Meetings." 

The Ministry Money (so called, arising from the sale of the 
Ministry Land) was granted to the Society by the Town, of 
which however they could only expend the accruing interest. 

By the terms of the act, if, at any time, the annual income 
of the fund should be more than enough to pay the minister 
then the overplus was to be put at interest to repair or build 
a new Meeting House; and if the annual income should be more 
than enough then the overplus shall be for the support of a school 
for the benefit of said Society. The 3thd. Wednesday of May to 
be the annual meeting. 

For some reasons, it seems, after a few years, the corporators 
became dissatisfied with the transaction of business under the 
act of incorporation, and finally, in 1792 petitioned for its re- 
peal which was accomplished by An Act to repeal an Act entitled 
An Act for incorporating a number of the inhabitants of the 
First Parish in Mendon, in the County of Worcester, into a So- 
ciety by the name of the " First Congregational Society in Men- 
don," passed March 16, 1784. 

Whereas the Act above mentioned " does not produce those 
salutary effects which were expected," therefore the same is here- 
by repealed and made null and void. 

The Society was held to pay all its debts heretofore contracted, 
and the subscribers to the fund to pay the interest due on their 
obligations at the first day of June, 1792. 

Samuel Fairbanks, Joseph Adams and Stephen Johnson, the 
present Trustees of said Society, or any two of them were au- 
thorized to collect all debts due from persons, not members of 
the Society, for the use of the members; and directed to return 
to the Members of the Society the bonds, notes or other proper- 
ty they may have or receive into their hands belonging to said So- 
ciety; and the said Society shall account with the First Parish 
in Mendon, or any individual thereof for any monies or proper- 
ty which said Society have received, and which did belong to 
them before the act of incorporation. 

This Act may be found in the Mass. Special Laws, vol. 1, p. 
393. 



1784.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 417 

1784. At this time, the war having just come to an end, and, 
by the treaty of Paris of Sept. '.), 1783, the Independence of the 
United States haying been acknowledged by Great Britain, we 
rind the country deeply in debt and suffering under the evils 
of a depreciated paper currency. The old emission of Conti- 
nental bill had become worthless and the new emission was fast 
following in the footsteps of its predecessor. Relieved from the 
pressure of the war and struggling along under the Articles of 
Confederation, the General Government could do little or noth- 
thing to relieve the general distress. With such a state of af- 
fairs it was not strange that the prevalence of a general feeling 
of discontent should soon manifest itself; culminating, at last, 
in 1786, in Massachusetts, in the Shay's Rebellion. 

The good people of Mendon were not exempt from this wide 
spread dissatisfaction with the condition of public affairs, and 
hence, 

Jan. 22. They voted " that it is the opinion of this Town 
that the pay of the Commutation (so called) will, if taxed on 
the peojde, be an insupportable burden, together with other bur- 
dens already laid upon us; and we think (it) unconstitutional. 
and not supported by Confederation: and it is further 

Voted, that our Representative use his utmost endeavours that the He- 
solve of Congress of the 22d. of March last, so far as it respects the Com- 
mutation be repealed, and that he use his utmost endeavours to obtain an 
Act of restriction, or a total repeal of the impost Act; and also use his en- 
deavours that no money be granted into the Fund of Congress whereby 
the said Commutation may be paid. 

Not satisfied with- the preceding Protest and Instructions, the 
town, in May afterwards, petitioned the General Court for a 
redress of grievances. 

Mass. Ar. Mendon, p. ■* 1322, Case II. L. 

COMMONWEALTH. OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

To the Hon. the Senate and House of Representatives in General Courl 

assembled : — 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Mendon, Humbly Sheweth; 

That notwithstanding the good people of this Commonwealth have [by 
the hand of a kind Providence | been preserved through a long & distress- 
ing war, which is now happily terminated, and the Blessings of Peace 
restored to our borders. Although partaking of divers other Blessings, 
53 



418 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1784. 

both public & private, Yet there are certain matters of grievances which 
we labor under and look up to this Honorable Court for a redress of some, 
among which we beg leave to mention the following viz: 

1. The granting an Impost to Congress for their sole use and improve- 
ment, and paying the same into their hands, we conceive to be unconstitu- 
tional and dangerous. 

2. We conceive the half pay or commutation to the officers of the Con- 
tinental army, to be a public grievance, and pray that the Honorable Court 
will take every constitutional measure to prevent the payment of the same. 

3. The burden of large sums of Continental Currency, lying on the 
hands of the good people of this Commonwealth in general & the neglect 
of other States to redeem their proportion of the same we regard as a griev- 
ance and pray that this Court will still continue their exertions to have it 
taken off our hands, and, if further neglected, to stop a sufficiency of 
appropriations to Congress for the redemption of the same. 

4. The good people of this Commonwealth are greatly distressed for 
want of a circulating medium, by means of which a part of the community 
become a prey to the avarice and extortion of others ; we therefore pray 
that every possible means may be used to increase the quantity of circula- 
ting medium to prevent the mischief that will otherwise come. 

In the name, and by order of the Inhabitants of the Town of Mendon. 

Philip Amidown, Town Clerk 
Mendon, May 24. 17«4. 

March 1. Chose for Selectmen, Capt. John Tyler, Capt. 
Benjamin Eead, Philip Amidown, Lt. John Benson and Lt. 
Increase Thayer; Philip Amidown, Town Clerk; Capt. Peter 
Penniman, Town Treasurer; Benjamin Thayer and David 
Daniels, Constables; Seth Chapin and John Darling, Wardens, 
and John Crooks, Deer Reave. 

Upon a report of Peter Penniman, Benjamin Read and John 
Albee, (all Captains,) a committee chosen for the purpose, 

" The Town voted to raise £150 for the purpose of mending Highways, 
building and repairing Bridges and keeping the Roads and Bridges in good 
repair through the present year; and that the Assessors of the Town assess 
the Inhabitants on or before the first day of May next in the sum above- 
said, and that lists of said assessment be committed to the respective Con- 
stables of the town, with a Warrant to collect the same, each Inhabitant 
having liberty to work out the sum assessed on him at the prices hereafter 
set, viz. each man to be allowed 3s. per day until the first day of Sept. 
next and 3s. for a team, and from that time 2sh. per day until the first day 
of Nov. next and the same for a team, viz : a yoke of good Oxen and cart. 
Each person so assessed and producing a certificate from the Surveyors of 
the sum or sums they may have worked out as abovesaid, shall discharge 
so much of said tax, and said Surveyors are directed to give said certificates 



1784.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 419 

as abovesaid : and in case said Inhabitants shall refuse or.neglect to work 
out their rates as aforesaid by the first day of November and the said cer- 
tificates shall not be produced and delivered to the said Constables, then 
the said Constables shall proceed to collect and pay in, as their warrant 
directs, all and every part of the assessment not worked out as aforesaid." 

Voted that Capt. John Tyler he a Delegate to attend the Con- 
vention at Worcester on the 3d Tuesday of March, inst. 

Capt. Benjamin Read and Dan Aldrich were chosen a com- 
mittee to settle all matters in dispute between James Lovett and 
the town of Mendon. This dispute was about the settlement of 
his account as a former Treasurer, and Lovett had commenced a 
suit at law against the town. 

The committee, it appears, immediately entered upon the 
duty assigned them, and soon brought the matter to a final set- 
tlement, as the following receipt will show: — 

Mendon, March 8. 1784. 
Received of the Town of Mendon two pounds four shillings and eight 
pence, in full of all demands, accounts, debts, dues or services done for 
said town at any times before this date, especially for all services done, as 
a Selectman, for said Town in the year 1781, and cost brought of any name 
or nature soever from the Beginning of the World to the End thereof 
Witness my hand, 

James Lovett. 
Joseph Sibley 
Robert Taft. 

N. B. Mr. Lovett's part of pay for hiring a three years man is not in- 
cluded in the above receipt. 

March 9, Voted to allow Amariah Vose forty-five dollars as 
Town's Bounty, due him for enlisting into the army in the late 
war. 

Voted to allow Jonathan Boyee forty-five dollars upon his 
giving up a note he holds against the town, given him by the 
(Selectmen. This was probably a note given him at the time of 
his enlistment in the army. 

It seems that, at this time, there was some dispute about the 
line between Mendon and Milford and Upton, as 

Capt. John Tyler, Dea. Josiah Adams and Stephen Johnson 
were chosen a committee to settle the line at and near the north- 
erly part of Mendon with Milford and Upton. The matter was 
probably amicably adjusted, as no further mention is made of 
the subject. 



420 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1784. 

Capt. Peter Penniman, Capt. John Tyler, Capt. Benj. Read 
and Lt. Reuben Thayer were chosen a . committee to divide the 
Bonds for the Ministry money between the First Congregational 
Society and the South Precinct in said Mendon. 

STATE ELECTION. 

April 5. For Governor, John Hancock had 18 votes. 
" James Bowdoin had 5 " 

ForLt.Gov. Thomas Cushing had LI 

For Senators and Councillors: 

Moses Gill had 18 votes. 

Seth Washburn had 18 " 

Jonathan Warner had 18 " 

Caleb Amidown had 17 " 

Samuel Curtis had 11 " 
Israel Nichols had 6 ' ' 

Samuel Baker had 2 ' ' 

Having disposed of the election of State officers the foil owing- 
town business was then transacted: — 

Voted that all the Notes and Orders now taken up by the Treasurer and 
Selectmen and properly settled for be deposited in the First Parish Meeting 
House in Mendon, and under lock and key. 

Voted that no orders or notes be settled with the Treasurer but such as 
arc recorded in his book and properly receipted for. 

May. 11. Voted to allow Capt. John Tyler eighteen shillings 
for his service in attending the Convention at Worcester, and 
that the Selectmen and Assessors should be paid twelve shillings 
for their services in 1788. 

Voted to allow Capt. Benj. Read eighteen shillings for hunt- 
ing up a Beef Receipt that was lost, This receipt was. probably. 
one for beef bought for the army in 1 782. 

Capt. Peter Penniman was chosen Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court, and Joseph Dorr, Esq., Capt. John Tyler, Capt. 
Benjamin Read, Dan Aldrich and Peletiah Darling were chosen 
a committee to give him instructions. 

By the following vote we learn that certain suits at law had 
been brought against the town, but for what reasons or by whom 
the record is silent: — 

Voted that the Selectmen take care of the suits brought against the 
Town trvahle at the June term next. 



1784.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 421 

August 24. Voted to allow Joseph Southwick the value of 
158, paper money, which he took when Constable that proved 
to he counterfeit. 

Voted to forego David Killey's rates in said Southwick's hills, 
iu paper £2.05.00' or in silver £0.06.00. 

Voted that the Selectmen wait on Mr. Abraham Redwood* 
and desire him to pay the money or work out his highway rate 
on the Pond Hills, (so called) and that Ensign Seth Taft take 
charge of the workmen while employed. 

Voted to raise £200 to discharge town debts and support the 
poor of the town the present year. 

Sept. 13. Voted that Daniel Kalham (Callum) may give his 
note of hand, payable in one year, for his rates in Daniel Taft's 
and David Daniels' bills. 

Voted that Reuben Legg, procuring a note against Benjamin 
Smith, or any other good man, to the satisfaction of Daniel 
Taft, payable in two months, said Taft shall cross out said Legg's 
rates. 

Voted that Daniel Taft shall cross out John King's rate, pro- 
vided said King shall procure Jonathan Cass' note for the 
amount, payable in six months. 

Vote for County Register: 

Capt. Benjamin Read had 70 votes. 

Timothy Paine Esq., had 6 " 

Jos. Dorr Esq. , had 1 . " 

('apt. Ben j. Hey wood, had 1 

Oct, 18. Voted that Dr. Joseph Adams and Dan Aldrieh lie 
a committee to examine Dr. Dupee's account for doctoring the 
poor of the town. 

Capt. John Tyler, Capt. Levi Aldrieh, Philip Amidown, Dan 
Aldrieh and Capt. Benjamin Read were chosen a committee to 
meet a committee from TTxbridge and Douglass, in order to 
petition the General Court for a lottery to defray the expense of 
repairing the road through said towns. 

It seems there was no choice for County Register, (Register 
of Deeds) and hence a new choice was ordered, with the follow- 
ing result: — 

Capt. Benjamin Read, had 44 votes, 

Timothy Paine Esq., had 2 " 

* Mr. Redwood removed to Mendon from Newport, R I., during the war. lie finally 
returned there, and founded the "Redwood Library in that city. 



422 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1785. 

Dec. (!. George Aldrich, Oapt. Peter Penniman and Oapt. 
Benjamin Read were chosen a committee to make a settlement 
with Philip Amidown, former Treasurer. 



1785. The committee chosen Oct. 18, ultimo, to consult with 
committees of the towns of Uxhridge and Douglass in regard to 
a lottery for repairing the road through said towns, met and 
agreed upon the following petition to the General Court, and 
which petitition may he found in the 

Mass. Ar. Mendon, p. JJ 1697, case H. 4. 

COMMONWEALTH OP MASSACHUSETTS. 

To the Honourable the Senate and House of Representatives in General 

Court assemble. 

The Petition of the Subscribers a Committee appointed by the Towns of 
Mendon, Uxhridge and Douglass for the purpose of preferring a Petition 
to your Honors in behalf of said Towns for the Grant of a Lottery, 

Humbly Sheweth, 

The Inhabitants of said Towns have been and still (every 
year) at great expense in mending the Road and repairing the bridges 
which leads from Boston, through said Towns, to Hartford, called the 
Middle Post Road, it running nearly 20 miles through the abovesaid towns, 
and a great part of said road unfit, at present for travelling; and the said. 
Towns having large roads leading through them to Providence, with great 
expense in building and repairing other large bridges; and, wishing to ac- 
commodate every part of the public, are desirous to mend said Post Road 
and build and repair such bridges, over the rivers crossing said Road, as to 
make it safe and easy for travellers to pass them at all seasons of the -year 
(as some of them, at this time, are unsafe and almost impassable) and our 
resources are so much exhausted in supporting our part of the late cruel 
war, that we feel ourselves unable to make such reparations on said Road 
as, otherwise, we should feel a willingness to do: — and being unwilling the 
Publick should suffer the loss of such an extensive benefit, as such a road 
being rendered unfit for travelling, are bound in duty to ask the assistance 
of the Honorable, the Legislative Authority of the Commonwealth that 
they would be pleased to grant us the sum of £750, to be raised by a Lot- 
tery, for the sole purpose of mending and repairing said Road from Belling- 
ham Line, through said Towns to Connecticut Line, and' building such 
bridges over the rivers crossing said road as shall make the travelling safe 
and easy, which sum, we think, (with such assistance as the Inhabitants of 
said towns are able to afford) will be adequate to make the reparations 
thereon, and paying the charge and expense of said Lottery; and also to 
appoint such Gentlemen, Managers of said Lottery, as you in your wisdom 



1785.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 42.'> 

shall see meet; or make such other grants or provisions for mending or 
repairing said Roads and Bridges as you, in your great wisdom, shall think 
best for the public good. 

All which your Humble Petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, 

John Tyler, j 

Benj. Read, - Com. for Mendon. 

Phil. Amidown. ) 

Abner Rawson, ) 

Saml. Read Jr., - Com. for Uxbridge. 

Benj. Green. ) 

Josiah Read, ) 

Elijah Moore, j- Com. for Douglass. 

Isaac Martin. ) 
Jan. 31. 1785. 

Mass. Ar. Mendon, p H 1613, case H. 4. 

House of Representative Feb. 17, 1785. 

On the Petition of John Tyler and others, committee of the Towns of 
Mendon, Uxbridge and Douglass, praying for leave to raise £750 by a Lot- 
tery for the purpose of repairing their Roads and Bridges, 

Resolved, that the Petitioners have leave to bring in a Bill agreeable to the 
prayer of said Petition. 

As nothing more is heard of this lottery it is supposed the 
project was abandoned. 

Jan. 3, Oapt. Peter Penniman, Capt. John Tyler and Capt. 
Benjamin Read were chosen a committee to confer with a com- 
mittee of the town of Milford "in order to settle matters in 
regard to the Poor brought into Milford and this town, and to 
settle the cost that has already risen with those Poor that have 
already been brought into the abovesaid towns." 

January 18, 1785. 

The Committees appointed by the Towns of Mendon and Milford to 
settle all disputes between said Towns respecting the Poor that have been 
brought back to said towms from other towns; have agreed that the town of 
Mendon should take and maintain Luther Easting, son of Rhoda Easting as 
their poor and pay to the town of Milford forty rive shillings, and acquit the 
town of Milford from all the charge the said town of Mendon has been at 
in supporting and transporting the said Rhoda Easting and her children, at 
any time before this date: and the town of Milford to take the daughter, 
or other child, of the said Rhoda Easting and support it as their poor, and 
to acquit the town of Mendon from all costs and charges they have been at 
in supporting and transporting the said Rhoda and children at any time 
before this date. 

And that Priscilla Dolbear be supported by the said town of Milford, 
and that Hannah Arnold and Abigail Hews be supported by the town of 
Mendon. 



424 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1785. 

And it is the opinion of this Committee that the original Agreement made 
between the towns before the town of Milford was set off, be and remain in 
full force with this explanation thereon, that is to say, that all persons 
brought back to either town of said towns, those born in either town shall 
return to the town in which they were born; and those brought back 
which have otherwise gained a residence in either of said towns, then they 
shall return to the town in [which] they last gained a lawful residence and 
to be accordingly maintained, and also all persons, old and young, shall be 
supported in and by the town in which they lived or had their home when 
the Town of Milford was set off into a separate town. 

Seth Nelson, ) 

Samuel Jones, :- Com. for Milford. 

Samuel Wakren. ) 

Peter Penniman, ) 
John Tyler, .- Com. for Mendon. 

Ben.t. Head. i 

Adopted by Milford. 

Voted to accept the above report provided the town of Milford has or 
shall accept of the same and that it be so understood relative to the sup- 
porting Hannah Arnold that the town of Mendon shall be at all the cost the 
said Towns of Mendon and Milford has or may be at for her support. 

March 7. There being no choice for Register of Deeds at the 
last trial, a ballot this day resulted as follows, viz : 

Capt. Benjamin Read 105 vote being all the votes cast. 

Chose for Selectmen, Luke Aldrich, Daniel Taft, Seth Daven- 
port, Jonathan Cass and Benjamin Thayer; Seth Chapin, Town 
Clerk; Capt. Peter Penniman, Town Treasurer; Constables, 
David Daniels and Benjamin Thayer. 

Voted that Capt. John Tyler and Stephen Johnson have 12s. 
each for burying William Kenny, Avho died of small pox in the 
year 1777. 

April 4. Voted that David Daniels be a Selectman in the 
room of Jonathan Cass. 

April 4. STATE ELECTION. 

For Governor, James Bowdoiu had 26 votes. 

" Thos. dishing had 16 " 

Lieut.Gov., Thomas Cushing had 22 " 

Senators, Artemas Ward, Moses Gill, Samuel Baker, Jonathan 

Warner and Seth Washburn had 29 votes each and Israel Nichols 2. 

April 2.5. Voted to accept of the report of a committee chosen 
to "new lay out" the districts for work and for schooling, and 



1786.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 425 

that the same be entered in the town book. By tins report we 
find the town was divided into thirteen districts, the highway 
and school districts being identical. 

May 11. Chose Capt. Peter Penniman Representative to the 
Great and General Court. 

As the lottery scheme for repairing the road through Mendon. 
Uxbridge and Douglass had failed to become a law, we learn by 
the following vote that application had been made to have it 
relocated as a county road, for, at this meeting, 

George Aldrich, Capt. John Tyler and Nathan Very were 
chosen a committee to meet the Committee of the Court of the 
General Sessions of the Peace at the house of Ezekiel Wood, in 
Uxbridge, who were deputed " to view a place for a new County 
road." 

Sept. 5. Moses Smith, it seems, had money in his hands be- 
longing to the town, which he is unable or unwilling to refund, 
as it is found this day Capt. John Tyler, Capt. Peter Penniman 
and Capt. Benjamin Read were chosen a committee to hear any 
proposals said Smith shall see tit to make to the town. 

Whether Moses Smith was, at this time, in jail or not cannot 
now be determined, but we find that he was there retained in 
the December following, as there was an article in the warrant 
for a meeting Dec. 12, " To see if the Town will do any thing- 
relative to releasing Moses Smith from jail, upon the conditions 
mentioned in said Smith's letter, dated the first day of Decem- 
ber instant, or any other way that shall or may be proposed at 
said meeting." At the meeting, however, the subject was not 
acted upon. 

At this meeting, Sept. 5, it was voted to raise £80 to defray 
town charges, and £40 for schooling. 

Dec. 12. The Representative was instructed to use his en- 
deavours that the General Court pass "An Act, making Real 
and Personal estate a tender for the settling of Executions and 
other debts." 



1786. March <J. Chose for Selectmen, Stephen Johnson, 
John Darling, Seth Wheelock, Joseph Thayer and Simeon Fish; 
54 



426 ANNALS OF MBNDON. [1786. 

Sethi Chapin, Town Clerk; Capt. Peter Penniman, Treasurer, 
and Dan Aldrich and Benjamin Blake for Constables. 

Voted to hire the Constables the present year, they procuring 
bondsmen to the town's satisfaction. 

Voted that the Selectmen hire a Workhouse the present year 
to put the poor of the town into, and for the Selectmen to take 
care of them and set them to work. 

Voted that Joseph Taft have liberty to put his son out to learn 
a trade if the Selectmen think it best. 

The Selectmen were voted 12s. each and the Assessors Us. 
each for their services in 1785. 

Voted to raise £150 for repair of highways and bridges the 
present year. 

Voted that the Town Treasurer put off the old Continental 
money now in his hands to the best advantage for the town he 
can. 

Capt. Benjamin Read, Capt. John Tyler, Col. Andrew Peters, 
Dan Aldrich and Edward Thompson, Esq., were chosen a com- 
mittee to see what sum Moses Smith can make out towards 
discharging the taxes due from him to the State and to the town. 
The taxes were undoubtedly the State and town taxes committed 
to him to collect. 

March 20. Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee of Cor- 
respondence for the present year. 

Voted that all delinquent highway taxes of this year shall be 
added to the highway taxes of the next year. 

Dan Aldrich was voted two pence on the pound for collecting 
the taxes this year, he procuring his father and Edward Thomp- 
son, Esq., for his bondsmen. 

Benjamin Blake was allowed the same commission for collec- 
tion, he procuring Stephen Benson and Lt. Peletiah Darling as 
bondsmen. 

A ballot was taken this day for Register of Deeds, and 

Daniel Clapp had 42 votes. 

April 3. STATE ELECTION. 

For Governor, James Bowdoin 24 votes, 
do. Samuel Holton 3 " " 

" Lt. do. Thomas Cushino - 22 



1786.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 427 

For Senators, Moses Gill, Seth Washburn, Abel Wilder and Samuel 
Curtis had twenty two votes each, Amos Singieterry eight and Artemas 
Ward 14. 

April 12. REV. CALEB ALEXANDER, SIXTH MINISTER. 

Mr. Alexander was born in Northfield July 22, 1755. He 
graduated at Yale College in 1777, and studied Theology with 
Rev. Ephraim Judson, of Taunton. He was ordained at New 
Marlborough Feb. 28, 1781, and dismissed June 28, 1782, 
and was installed at Mendon April 12, 1786. In 1801 he was 
appointed by the Massachusetts Missionary Society to visit the 
churches and Indians in Western New York. Upon his return 
he was dismissed from his charge in Mendon Dec. 7, 1802, and 
re-entered the western field as a teacher, for which work he was 
eminently fitted. He was first located in Fairfield, Herkimer 
Comity, N. Y., where he was elected Preceptor of Fairfield 
Academy, which had recently been erected. Under his direc- 
tion the Academy soon became a prominent resort for education. 
In 1812 he removed to Onondaga, Onondaga County, and took 
charge of a newly established academy there. He was also 
greatly instrumental in founding Hamilton College and Auburn 
Theological Seminary. During all this time he preached almost 
every Sunday in the adjoining towns, and gathered many now 
flourishing churches in that region. 

Mr. Alexander died at Onondaga, N. Y., April 12, 1828, aged 
72 years, 8 months and 20 days. His epitaph is as follows: — 

His Industry and Zeal, 

In the Cause of Literature and Religion 

were untiring and benevolent. 

"Preeious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints." 

Mr. Alexander published many books. Among these are an 
Essay on the Deity of Christ, with strictures upon Emlyn, 1701; 
Translation of Virgil, Latin, Greek and English Grammars, and 
several Occasional Sermons. 

May 13. The ballots for a County Treasurer this day were as 
follows, viz: — 

Samuel Flagg and Nathan Perry each had IS votes. 

The second article in the warrant was, " To see what measures 



428 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1786. 

the town will come into in order to obtain the Estate of Robert 
Trask, an Absconding Person, supposed to be in the hands of 
Jesse Darling." 

Upon this the town chose Edward Thompson. Esq., and Na- 
than Very a committee " to see if they can accomodate a settle- 
ment with Jesse Darling." 

What the claim was which the town had upon Robert Trash's 
estate does not appear. 

Col. Benjamin Read having been chosen this day, May loth. 
Representative to the General Court, Capt. John Tyler, Capt. 
Peter Penniman, Edward Thompson, Esq., Capt. Philip Ammi- 
down and Capt. Levi Aldrich were chosen a committee to give 
him instructions, and report at an adjourned meeting. 

May 22. This committee made a report, which was adopted, 
and the Town Clerk was directed to sign it. When the meas- 
ures to come before the Legislature are definitely known, would 
not a revival of the practice of instructing the representative, 
inasmuch as he would thereby learn the will of his constituents, 
be of no inconsiderable aid in the matter of legislation? 

Voted to raise £80 to defray town charges. 

Voted that the Selectmen provide a Grammar School so far as 
to clear the town from any fine. 

The committee respecting the matter of Robert Trask (the ab- 
sconding person,) were instructed to prosecute the matter in the 
law, unless it could be settled some other way, and Col. Benja- 
min Read was added to the committee for that purpose. 

May 0. Then voted to choose two more members " to joine 
the County Convention to meet at Leicester on the loth hist." 

Although no record is found that a Delegate had already been 
chosen to the Leicester Convention, still such had been the 
case, as we find afterwards that Capt. John Tyler was paid 
£2. 14s. and Edward Thompson, Esq., £2. 12s. for attending the 
former Convention, (the one at Leicester,) as an adjournment 
was afterwards held at Leicester the last Tuesday in September. 
Edward Thompson, Esq., and Lt. Joseph Johnson were chosen 
as the ''two more members." 

A committee of five were chosen, of which Col. Benj. Read 
was chairman, to give instructions to the Delegates. 

Tbe Convention at Leicester was composed of Delegates from 



1786.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 429 

thirty-seven towns, who, after voting that their meeting was "a 
lawful and constitutional affair," set forth in a memorial issued 
to the public, a list of grievances which they desired to have 
abated : 

1. The sitting of the Gen. Court in Boston. 

2. The want of a circulating medium. 

3. The exhorbitauce of the lawyers' fee table. 

4. The present mode of administration by the Court of Common Pleas. 

5. The appropriation of the impost and excise duties to the payment of 
the interest of the State debt. 

(?. The grants made by the Gen. Court to the Attorney General & others. 

7. Too many office-holders and their salaries too large. 

8. The State furnishing money to Congress while our account with Con- 
gress l'emains unsettled. 

This Convention was adjourned until the last Tuesday in Sep- 
tember, and, 

Sept. 18. The town voted that the Delegates which attended 
the first Convention should also attend at the adjournment, viz: 
Capt. John Tyler and Edward Thompson, Esq. 

The town voted to approve of the doings of the Convention, and 
Col, Benjamin Read, Capt. Levi Aldrich, Ens. Peletiah Darling, 
Capt. Peter Penniman and Dan Aldrich were chosen a com- 
mittee to give the Delegates to the Convention and the Repre- 
sentative in the General Court instructions. 

What these instructions were are neither found on record or 
on file, and hence we are left in ignorance of the mode or manner 
by which the committee proposed to redress the grievances com- 
plained of by the Convention. 

Voted to indemnify and keep harmless the Assessors*of the 
town in case they are presented by the Treasurer of this Com- 
monwealth for neglecting to assess the inhabitants for money 
due from Moses Smith to said Treasurer. 

Chose Col. Benj. Read, Capt. Peter Penniman and Capt. 
John Tyler a committee to take care of the matter of the execu- 
tion which the Town Treasurer has issued against Moses Aldrich. 
It seems Moses Aldrich, as Constable (Collector) had become a 
defaulter in the matter of the State tax, and that the Town 
Treasurer had issued an execution against him, and that the 
Assessors were threatened by the State Treasurer for neglect of 
dutv. as understood by that officer. 



430 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1786. 



MEMORANDA. 



Mass. Arch. Valuations, Vol. 163, p. 310. 



Ratable Polls 257. Not ratable but not supported by the town 


53 


n a king 


Not ratable 7 supported by the town. 






[310. ' 


160 Dwelling Houses, 3 bouses, 


163 houses, i 


E2 10 00 


£407 


11 00 


4 Shops, 12 Shops, 


16 Shops, 


14 00 


11 


04 00 


121 Barns, 12 Barns, 


133 Barns, 


17 00 


113 01 00 


Grist & Saw Mills, 1 Mill, 


.7 Mills, 


3 00 00 


21 


00 00 


13 buildings £5 value, 30 Buildings 


43 Buildings, 


04 00 


8 


12 00 


508 Acres tillage, 300 


808 Acres, 


08 06 


343 08 00 


806 do. English, 60 


866 do. 


10 06 


454 


13 00 


1060 do. Fr'shMe'dow 




05 00 


269 


00 00 


2371 do. Pasture, 1500 


3871 do. 


03 09 


580 


13 00 


866 Bbls Cyder, 




00 02± 


8 02 04f 


2693 Acres Woodland ) qr .^ , „- 
5832 do. Unimproved f 00/S0 <u aos> 


£14 918 15 00- 


-2 pr. ct. 


298 07 05 i 


1697 do. Unimprovable, 






Nothing. 


155 Horses, 3 Years old, 


@.06 00 




£46 


10 00 


7 Colts, 2 do. 


.04 024- 




1 


09 03i 


10 do. 1 do. 


.02 04f 




1 


03 1U 


163 Oxen, 4 do. 


.05 04* 




43 


19 06f 


82 Neat Cattle, 3 do. 


.03 07 




9 


16 054 


145 do. 2 do. 


.02 04f 




17 


07 04f 


96 do. 1 do. 


.01 02± 




11 


10 00 


676 Cows 


.03 07 




121 


02 04 


286 Swine, 6 months 


.00 09 




10 


14 06 


£1040 debts due, 


6 per cent. 




62 


08 00 


Potash AVorks, 


.02 10 




' o 


10 00 


Tan House, 


£3 00 00 




3 00 00 


Ounces of Plate. 40 oz 


12 06 OS @ 6 


pr. cent. 




13 Hi 


Monies on hand. £40 00 00 




do. 

£ 


o 


08 00 


1 


2269 


11 04f 


Add Is. on a thousand. 






180 00 00 



£2449 11 04| 
SHAYS' RERELLION. 

Although the town sent Delegates to the conventions at Lei- 
cester, which put forth a list of grievances under which, in their 
opinion, the country was suffering, it is not known that any 
citizen of the town was engaged in any of the overt acts which 
constituted what is called Shavs' Rebellion. 



1786. 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



431 



The fifth dav of September was the day appointed for the 
sitting of the Court at Worcester; hut. on that day, the Court 
House was surrounded by a mob of two hundred persons, with 
arms in their hands, who debarred the entrance of the judges. 
The Chief Justice (Ward) remonstrated in vain, and the Court 
was compelled to adjourn. 

Dec. 3. The Court House, at Worcester, was again taken 
possession of by the disaffected. The judges met at' the Sun 
Tavern, but could not proceed to business. The Governor had 
previous to this issued his orders to the officers of the militia to 
have their men armed and equipped to take the held at the 
shortest notice. Troops were called into service at once upon 
tiiis new outbreak. 

Mass. Arch. Shays' Rebellion, Vol. 11)2, p. 155. 

A Pay Roll of Capt. William Torrey's Company, in the Third Regiment, 
in the County of Worcester, commanded by Col. Benjamin Read, in the 
service of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the month of Dec. inst. 
agreeable to orders from Gen. Warner, to march to Worcester Dec. 4, 1786. 



NAMES. 


Kut.Ser. 


Discligd. 


Time. 


per mo. 


Pay. Rat's. 


Hat. 


Total 


William Torrey, Capt., 


Dec. 4, 


Dec. 7, 


4 days. 


£8.00 00 £1.01.04 : 


12 


.07.06 £1.08.10 


Saml. Fairbanks, Lieut., 


4, 


7, 


4 


5.06.08 


.14.02 


8 


05.04 


.19.06 


Elijah Penniman, Sergt, 


4, 


6, 


3 


2.08.00 


.04.10^ 


3 


.02.00 


.06.10^ 


Peter Holbrook, Sergt., 


4, 


6, 


3 


2.08.00 


.04.10^ 


3 


.2.00 


.06.10^ 


Esek Wheelock, Corp., 


4. 


6, 


3 


2.04.00 


.04.10^ 


3 


.2.00 


.06.04^ 


David Davenport, Corp., 


15, 


7, 


2 


2.04.00 


.02.11}^ 


2 


.1.04 


.04 03 


John Tyler, Private. 


4, 


6, 


3 


2.00.00 


.04.00 


3 


.2.00 


.06.00 


Stephen Johnson, do. 


4, 


6, 


3 


200 00 


.04 00 


3 


.2.00 


.06.00 


John Tyler, Jr , do. 


4, 


7, 


4 


2.00.00 


.05.04 


4 


.2.08 


.08.00 


David Kingman, do. 


6, 


7, 


a 


2.00.00 


.02.08 


2 


.1.04 


.04.00 


Joseph Torrey, do. 


6, 


7, 


o 


2.00.00 


.02.08 


o 


.1.04 


.04.00 


Thomas Stone, do. 


(3. 


7, 


o 


2.00.00 


.02.08 


2 


.1.04 


.04.00 


Rowland Latham. do. 


C, 


7, 


2 


2.00.00 


.02 08 


2 


.1.04 


.04.00 


Jos. Mc. Clintock, do. 


0, 


7, 


2 


2.00.00 


.02 08 


2 


.1.04 


.04 00 


Seth Hastings, do. 


6, 


7, 


2 


2.00.00 


.02.08 


2 


.1.04 


.04.00 



£5.16.08 
William Tohrey, Capt. 

Endorsed Capt. William Torrey's Pay Roll Dec. 4. 1786. Examined 
and found due, £5.16.08, per Johx Fkost. 

Mass. Arch. Shay's Rebellion, Vol. 192, p. 49. 

A Pay Roll of the Field and Staff Officers in the Third Regiment of 
Militia in the County of Worcester, commanded by Col. Benjamin Read, 
in the service of this Commonwealth, Sept. 6 and Dec. 2. 1786, agreeable 
to the orders of Mai. Gen. Warner. 



432 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1787. 



NAMES. S 


Ent. 
ervice. 


Dis- 
missed. 


Days 


Rations 
Detained, 


Amt. of 
Rati'ns. 


Pay per 
Mouth, 


Amount 
of Pay. 


Amount 


Benj. Read, Col., 


Sept. 
6, 


Sept. 


2, 


12 


.08.00 


£15.00.00 


£1.00.00 


£1.08.00 


Philip Ammidown, Lt. Col 


6, 


7. 


2, 


10 


.06.08 


12.00.00 


.16.00 


1.02.08 


Ben.j. Read, Col., 


Deer, 
o 


Deer. 


6, 


36 


1.04.00 


15.00.00 


3 00.00 


4.04.00 


Philip Ammidown, Lt. Col 


, 4, 


7, 


4, 


20 


.13.04 


12.00.00 


1.12.00 


2.08.04 


David Bachelor, Maj., 


4, 


7, 


4, 


16 


.10.08 


10.00 00 


1.06 04 


1.17.00 


Lemuel Green, Adjt., 


4, 


6, 


3, 


6 


.04.00 


6.13.04 


.13.04 


.17.04 


Jona. Adams, Qt. Master, 


4, 


6. 


3, 


6 


.04.00 


6.13.04 


.13.04 


.17.04 


Henry F. Dupee, Surgeon, 


4, 


6, 


3, 


10 


.08.04 


11.00.00 


1.02.00 


1.10.04 


John Torrey, Sur. Mate, 


4, 


6, 


3, 


3 


.02.00 


2.14.00 


.05.04 


.07.04 




£1204.04 














Benj. Read 


, Col. 



The Original sworn to before Mr. Justice Cranch. 
Mass. Arch., Vol. 162, p. 254. 

Number of Polls and Income in the Co. of Worcester 171: 



TOWNS. 



Polls. 



Worcester 357 

Lancaster 304 

Mendon 310 

Brookfield 666 

Oxford 228 

Charlton 392 

Sutton 640 

Leicester 240 

Northborough 156 

Shrewsbury 421 

Lunenburg 297 

Fitchburg 207 

Uxbridge 281 

Harvard 306 

Dudley 220 

Bolton 216 

Upton 184 

Sturbridge 347 

Leominster 359 

Hardwick 340 

Holden 233 

Western 192 

Douglass 231 

Spencer . 308 



Income. 
£ eh. d. 
4794 04 10 
2799 11 02* 
2269 11 04* 
6337 12 04* 
1363 12 02^ 
2683 19 08* 
5278 01 07* 
2941 18 11| 
1319 02 08* 
3976 11 06 
2603 16 03* 
1698 15 03i 
2370 01 10 
2529 00 08* 
1841 14 08| 
1894 08 07 
1245 03 07± 
2735 07 02 
1945 19 09| 
3773 16 05* 
1762 14 07* 
1911 07 10 
1239 09 08 
2175 08 07| 



TOWNS. 

Rutland 268 

Paxton 145 

Oakham 161 

Barre 373 

Hubbardston. ... 163 
New Braintree. . 203 
Southborough..l86 
Westborough . . .222 

Grafton 225 

Petersham 349 

Royalston 196 

Westminster. . ..291 

Templeton 274 

Princeton 198 

Ashburnham .... 197 

Northbridge 95 

Ward ...108 

Athol 193 

Milford 195 

Sterling 339 

Berlin 118 

Winchendon. ..231 



Polls. Income. 
£ sh. d. 
3230 09 01* 
1382 15 09f 
1167 18 04 
3922 13 08£ 
1288 10 06 
1714 01 09£ 
1484 01 06 £ 
2064 06 00* 
2009 08 08* 
3147 19 02i 
1201 14 06 
2511 06 09 
2204 01 07± 
2258 03 05 
1205 08 01 
697 11 03 
1219 02 10± 
1686 07 08f 
1973 16 01* 
3044 10 04 i 
956 11 08 
1538 08 04 1 



Polls— 12,165 £105,490 18 01* 



1787. Jan. 11. At a town meeting held this day a com- 
mittee was chosen to give the Representative in the General 



1787.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 433 

Court further instructions. The committee were Edward Thomp- 
son, Esq., Capt. John Tyler, DanJAldrich, Lt. John Benson, 
and Capt. Levi Aldrich. 

This meeting was opened at the South Parish Meeting House, 
but was immediately adjourned to Lieut. John Benson's house, 
being, it is presumed, on account of a cold day. 

Jan. 22. The second article in the warrant for this meeting 
was, "To see if the Town would choose a Committee to treat 
with General Linkham (Lincoln) to inform him of the senti- 
ments and disposition of the inhabitants of this town respect- 
ing the requisition of Government for a number of militia that 
were conformable to order." The Selectmen, with Lt. Joseph 
Johnson, Lieut. William Thayer and Dr. Joseph Adams were 
constituted a committee to treat with Gen. Lincoln. 

As this committee made no report, (or if they made one it 
escaped record,) we have no means of knowing the result of their 
labors with the General. 

It seems they did not have a personal interview with General 
Lincoln as, immediately upon the passage of the vote choosing 
the committee, it was voted that Lieut. Daniel Taft be desired 
to carry whatever the committee shall see fit to send. 

Jan. 29. Edward Thompson, Esq., was chosen to attend as a 
Delegate the County Convention, which stands adjourned to 
meet at Mr. Patch's, in Worcester, on the first Friday in Feb- 
ruary next. 

Voted to allow Capt. John Tyler for his time and expenses in 
attending the former Convention £2.14.00, and Edward Thomp- 
son, Esq., for the same service, £2.12.00. 

Voted to postpone the reading of the address of the General 
Court to the next meeting. 

This address was an appeal to the people to refrain from vio- 
lence, and assuring them that in case of resistance, all the 
insurgents would be dealt with in a summary manner. The 
rebels under Shays had just, by force of arms, prevented the 
sitting of the Court at Springfield, and the Government hesitated 
no longer. Orders were at once issued to raise 4400 men, with 
four regiments of artillery, to be commanded by Maj. Gen. Lin- 
coln. Twelve hundred of these troops were called for from the 

55 



434 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1787. 

County of Worcester, and Mendon had been called to furnish 
her quota. 

From the fact that the address of the General Court was 
refused a reading, and that a committee was chosen to treat 
with Gen. Lincoln, it may be presumed that the people of Men- 
don were not exempt from the very general discontent which 
pervaded the Commonwealth. But the re})ulse of Shays, in his 
attack upon the Springfield Arsenal, by the troops under Gen. 
Shepard, and the general dispersal of the insurgents by Gen. 
Lincoln in January and February, put an end to the insurrec- 
tion. That the people had a just cause of complaint, and that 
there were grievances which should be redressed, there was no 
doubt. 

As Mendon, as will be seen, furnished her quota of men, it is 
presumed that the inhabitants were averse to the endeavour to 
procure a redress of the grievances under which they labored by 
an appeal to the arbitrament of arms. 

At this meeting, Jan. 29, voted to choose a committee to meet 
and consult Avith a committee from Uxbridge, Upton and Mil- 
ford, and report at an adjournment of the meeting. As there 
was no article in the warrant authorizing the choice of this com- 
mittee, and as the committee (Stephen Johnson) made no report, 
Ave are left in the dark about the Avhole matter. 

The committee heretofore chosen to give instructions to the 
Representative to the General Court made their report, and the 
same Avas accepted. These instructions may have been directed 
to Col. Benjamin Eeed, Representative for 1786, and we find 
they Avere also directed to Edward Thompson, Esq., avIio Avas 
not elected Representative until the May folloAving, as will be 
seen. These instructions, it Avas voted, should be signed by the 
Town Clerk in behalf of the toAvn. 

It was also voted to accept of the instructions reported by a 
committee chosen for that purpose to the Delegate to the County 
Convention. As the Toavii Clerk failed to record the instruc- 
tions, and, in that regard, failed as we think, to discharge his 
whole duty, we are left in ignorance of their import. 

April 2. STATE ELECTION. 

For Governor, John Hancock, Esq., had 124 votes. 
" Lt. do Thos. Cushing, Esq,, had 107 " 



1786.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 435 

For Senators, Joseph Stone, Peter Penniman, Jonathan Grout, Nathan 
Adams and Samuel Curtis had 96 votes, and Seth Washburn, Abel Wilder, 
John Fessenden and Bezaleel Taft had 3. 

Chose for Selectmen, Dan Aldrich, Darius Daniels, Moses 
Daniels, Lt. John Benson and Dr. Joseph Adams. Dan Aldrich 
and Darius Daniels neglecting to take the oath of allegiance, 
Israel Mowry and Oliver Carpenter were chosen in their stead. 
This oath was an oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, and was designed by the General Court to secure 
the magistracy from the feigned repentance of those who had 
been compromised by Shays' Rebellion. For Town Clerk, Seth 
Chapin; Town Treasurer, Capt. Peter Penniman; Constables, 
Benjamin Thayer, provided Lt. Seth Wheelock be his bondsman, 
and Benjamin Blake, provided Lt. Peletiah Thayer be his 
bondsman. 

Voted that the Selectmen be directed to provide some suitable 
house or houses for the reception of the poor the present year. 

Voted to raise £60 to defray town charges the current year. 

Voted to give one shilling as a bounty upon every crow that 
shall be killed by any of the inhabitants of this town before the 
first day of July next, and shall deliver the same to the Select- 
men. 

May 14. Voted to raise £150 to be worked out on the roads 
and bridges the present year. The Assessors were to assess the 
tax immediately and furnish each Constable with a list, and on 
the first clay of November a certificate from the Highway Surveyor 
that the whole or such part of each man's tax ajs had been 
worked out, should be received by the Constables in payment. 

The Assessors of this year were to have 12s. each for their 
services. 

Edward Thompson, Esq., was chosen Representative to the 
General Court and May 28, was instructed by the town as fol- 
lows, and which instructions may be found in the Massachusetts 
Archives " Mendon, V. 'J? 2708^ Case H. 4." They were not 
found in the tow r n record: — 

To Edward Thompson Esq. 

Your constituents having chosen you to represent the Town of Men- 
don in the General Court the present year, think fit to give you some hints 
(by way of instructions,) of what we apprehend might be beneficial to the 
public. 



436 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1787. 

• 1st. To use your influence to have the General Court removed out of the 
Town of Boston to some convenient inland town as soon as may be. 

2nd. That you use your influence that the Troops raised by order of the 
Government and now under pay, be immediately discharged. 

3dly. That you use your influence that a free pardon and indemnity be 
granted to all those that have been any ways concerned in the late Insur- 
rection in this Commonwealth, so long as they demean themselves quiet 
and peaceable subjects, without exception. 

4thly. That you use your influence to have all those acts repealed known 
by the name of Disqualifying Acts, as we conceive they are unnatural, un- 
just and oppressive. 

5thly. That there be a Bank of paper money emitted upon as good foot- 
ing as can be. 

Gthly. That you use your influence that all public securities be scaled at 
the going price. 

7thly. That you use your influence that all Courts of Common Pleas be 
entirely abolished and some other mode be adopted in lieu thereof that is 
more agreeable and less chargeable. 

Sthly. That the Probate business be done in each Town and likewise a 
Register of Deeds be appointed in each of said Towns; also that all licensed 
persons obtain their licenses in the towns where they dwell, from the 
Selectmen. 

9thly. That there be a large Duty or impost laid on all foreign articles 
imported, except Salt, Cotton, Wool and Warlike Stores, and that all ex- 
cise be collected by the respective towns where such excise shall become 
due, free from any charge to the State. 

lOthly. That all monies arising from Impost and Excise be appropriated 
to the payment of the foreign debt only. 

1 lthly. That the Salaries of all public officers of Government be reduced 
in proportion as Country produce has fallen since such salaries were 
granted. 

12thly. That all encouragement be given to raising Sheep and Flax and 
Manufacturing the produce of our own Country. 

lBthly. That a settlement of accounts with Congress be obtained as soon 
as possible, so as this State's Quota of the Continental debts may be ascer- 
tained. 

14thly. That some other mode of taxation be adopted, and that the tax 
be not laid so high on the landed interest, and that all Polls under the age 
of 21 years be exempted from taxation. 

lothly. That there be a completion of the Revision of the Laws so that 
we may have a code of laws of our own. 

We further instruct you to move for leave that the instructions given by 
each town be read in the House of Representatives in order that the Court 



1787.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 437 

may know what are the minds of the people at large, and you give your 
constant attendance while the Court sits and not depart without said Court 
is Prorouged, adjourned or dissolved. 
Signed by order of the Town. 

Dan Aldrich, Moderator. 
Attest, Seth Chapin, Town Clerk. 
Mendon May 28. 1787. 

Aug. 27. Voted to raise £40 for schooling the present year. 

Voted to allow Capt. Peter Penniman and Col. Benjamin 
Read 3s. per day, cash, for services in settling with Col. Philip 
Amidown, late Treasurer. 

A 7 oted to allow Capt. Peter Penniman £1.10s. for his services 
as Treasurer the past year. 

Voted to allow the Selectmen for the year past, for their ser- 
vices, 12s. each. 

Voted to allow Stephen Johnson 12s. and John Darling Gs. 
for their extraordinary services as Selectmen. 

Oct. 3. Monday. Voted to allow Edward Thompson, Esq., 
12s. for attending the Convention at Worcester in March last. 

Voted to join with Capt. Hayward and Esq. Paine, of Wor- 
cester, in carrying on a suit against the Justices of the Court of 
Common Pleas of the County of Suffolk, or the Sheriff of the 
County of Worcester, respecting Moses Smith's matter. 

Moses Smith had heen a Collector of Taxes, and having failed 
to account for the proceeds, was in jail on that account in Dec. 
1785. The town records furnish no evidence of the character of 
this suit, but it is supposed to be connected in some way with 
Smith's defalcation and imprisonment. 

Dec. 17. Edward Thompson, Esq., was chosen a Delegate to 
the State Convention, to be held at Boston on the second Wednes- 
day in January next, for the purpose of ratifying or rejecting 
the Continental Constitution, or Frame of Government, agreed 
on by the late Federal Convention. 

shays' rebellion. 

The following are the names of Mendon soldiers who were 
mustered into the service of the Commonwealth, under Maj. 
Gen. Lincoln, for the overthrow of the rebellion. The follow- 
ing Pay Rolls are copied from the Mass. Archives, Shays' Rebel- 
lion. Vol. 191, p. 07. 



438 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



[1787. 



A Pay Roll of Capt. William Torrey and two officers with him in the 
service of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the months of January 
and February 1787, in Col. Lowell's Regiment. 



Names. 



William Torrey, 
Bezaleel Guild, 
Elisha Murdock 



Capt. 
Lieut. 
Ens. 



> 
p o 



Jan. 29 Feb. 



•D 








: &> 


7 £7.00.00 


£1.17.04 


14 


.9.04 


£2.06.08 


5 5.06.08 


.17.08^ 


10 


.6.08 


1.04 04J4 


5 4.10.00 


.15.00 


10 


.6.08 


1.01.08 



A Pay Roll of Capt. Rufus Aldrich's Company in Col. Lowell's Regi- 
ment for service done for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in January 
and February 1787. 



Names. 



Rufus Aldrich, 

Samuel Fair- 
banks, 

Nathaniel Park- 
hurst, 

Amariah Preston, 

Nathan Tyler, 
Daniel Hill, 
Ichabod Keith, 
JosiahPenniman, 
Joseph Torrey, 
Joel Sibley, 
Paul Nelson, 
Isaac Bates, 
Josiah Fuller, 

Comfort Martin, 
Israel Taft. 
Nathan Goldth- 

wait, 
Joseph Goldth- 

wait, 
Joshua Slocomb, 
Joseph Cleveland, 
Paran Batcheler, 
Aaron Batcheler, 
Nathaniel Brown, 
Thomas Aldrich, 



a w 



Capt. Jan 

1st 

Lieut. 

2 do. 
Serg't. 
Maj. 
Clerk 

Sergt. 



Corp. 



Drum 

Maj. 

Priv. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



. 30 Feb. 20 22 £8.00.00 .05.04 £5.17.04 9 .0 08 .6.00 £6.03.04 



"22 5.06.08 .03.06J6 3.18 02 6 
11 13 4.10.00 .03.00 2.06.02 6 



20 


12 


2.1400 


.01.09J4 


1.19.07 


" 


22 


2.14.00 


.01.09^ 


1.19.07 


" 


22 


2.08.00 


.01.07 


1.14 02 


10 


13 


2 08.00 


.01.07 


1 09.09 


30 


22 


2.08.00 


.01.07 


1.14.02 


11 


13 


2.04.00 


.01.05J4 


.19.01 


20 


22 


2.04.00 


.0105)4 


1.12.03 


" 


22 


2.04.00 


.01.05^ 


1 12 03 




92 


2.04 00 


.01.05}$ 


1.12.03 


» 


22 


2.08.00 


.01.07 


1.15.02 




22 


2.00.00 


.01.04 


1.09.04 



.4.00 4.02.02 

.4 2,10.02 

.2 2.01.07 

2.01.07 
1.17.02 
1.02.09 
1.17 02 
1.01 01 
1.14.03 
1.14.03 
1.14.03 

1.17.02 
1.11.04 



1787.] 



ANNALS OF MENDON. 



439 



£- W so 



Perry Chapiu, 
Asa Darling. 
Amos Hayward, 
Seth Nelson, 
Alpheue Stone, 
Jesse Whitney, 

Nathan Keith, do. 

Zibu Hill, do. 

Ebenezer Read, do. 
Edward Seagrave do. '. 

Samuel Craggin, do 

Comfort Claflin, do. 

David Chase, do. 
Thomas Bigelow, do. 
Aaron Balcom, do. 
Aaron White, do. 

Barna Howell, do. 
Jabcz Comings, do. 

John Amidown, do. 
David White, do. 

Elijah Bailey, do. 

Keith Taft, Sergt. 

Leonard Taft, Cap. 

Joseph Daniel, Priv. 
Nathan Hall, do. 

Micajah Taft, do. 
Josiah Taft, do. 

Gideon Thayer, do. 

Jacob Taft, do. 

Aaron Taft, do. 

Stephen Benson, do. 

Samuel Warfield, Corp. 

John Holbrook, Priv. 

John Jefferson, Sergt. 

Phinehas Wood, Priv. 
Cyrenus Rawson, do. 
Ephraim Taft, do. 



Sworn to 



Capt. Jan. 30 Feb. 30 22 2.00.00 .01.04 1.09.04 3 .9.08 2 1.11.04 



6 
6 
10 
9 
9 
9 
10 
10 
10 
10 



2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00 00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01 04 
2.00.00 .01 04 
2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 



2.08.00 .01.07 
2.04.00 .01.05^ 
2.00.00 .01.04 



2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 
2.04 00 .01.05^ 
2.00.00 .01 04 
2.08 00 .01.07 
2 00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 
2.00.00 .01.04 



.16.00 
.14.08 
.17.04 

.09.04 
1.02.08 
.02.08 
.02.08 



.02.02 
.02.11 

.02 08 



.04.00 
.04.00 
.02.08 
.04.00 
.04.04 
.04.00 
.03 02 
.02.08 
.02.08 
.02 08 



.18.00 
.16 08 
.19.04 
.10 08 
1.04 00 
.04.00 
.04.00 



.04.06 
.04.03 
.04.00 



o 


.06.0 


** 


.06.00 


M 


.04.00 


2 


.06.00 


" 


.06.04 


" 


.06.00 


y* 


.04.06 


" 


.04 00 


" 


.04.00 


" 


.04.00 



£66.13.10^ 

Rufus Aldrich, Capt. 



Before Mr. Justice Read. 

It is supposed the above roster comprised the whole Company; 
but that only those, thirty-five in number, who were paid off, 
were mustered into the service. 

Amount of provisions delivered by Mendon, to Major Joseph 



440 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1788. 

Rogers and Major James Prince, Deputy Commissary Generals 
to the Army raised for the Support of Government, under the 
command of the Hon. Map Gen. Lincoln in Jan., Feb. and 
March, 1787. 
Bread 414 lbs. Pork 267 lbs. Beef 63 lbs. Pease & Beans 1 barrell. 



1788. April 7. Chose for Selectmen, Seth Chapin, Lt. John 
Benson, William French, Lt, Peletiah Thayer and Aquilla Rob- 
bins; for Town Clerk, Seth Chapin; for Town Treasurer, Hon. 
Peter Penniman; Beuj. Thayer and Benj. Blake, Constables. 

Voted to raise £120 for repairs of highways and bridges, and 
that those who did not work their highway taxes the last year 
may work them out this year by the first clay of June. 

Voted to accept of the list of persons, recommended by the 
Selectmen, for the Jury box. 

Chose Benjamin Read, agent or attorney for the town, to 
prosecute any suits brought by, or defend any suits brought 
against the town. 

STATE ELECTION". 

For Governor, John Hancock, 27. For Lieut. Governor, James War- 
ren, 71. Elbridge Gerry, 50. Samuel Adams, 3. Benj. Lincoln, 2. 

Senators, Hon. Peter Penniman, 49. Jonathan Grout, 48. Amos 
Singleterry, 49. Dr. John Taylor, 33. John Fessendeu, 49. 

Moses Gill, Samuel Peckham, Abel Wilder, Bezaleel Taft, Samuel 
Baker, Samuel Curtis, Seth Washburn, Dr. Samuel Willard & Jona. War- 
ren had from one to thirteen each. 

May 12. Voted to allow the Treasurer £1.10 for his services 
the past year, " the whole" of the Selectmen £3, and the Asses- 
sors 9s. each. 

Voted that the Selectmen inquire respecting two orders which 
Capt, John Albee and Esq. Penniman hold against the town, 
and also a receipt held by Benj. Read, Esq., and for this pur- 
pose Dan Aldrich and Doct. Joseph Adams were joined with the 
Selectmen. 

Edward Thompson, Esq., was chosen Representative to the 
General Court. 

May 26. The taxes against Amasa Aldrich, Samuel Hill, 
John Cook, Samuel Brown and John Pickering were foregone. 



1789.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 441 

June 16. Capt. John Albee was allowed five dollars for his 
order, upon the recommendation of the committee. 

Aug. 29. Voted to raise £70 to defray town charges this 
year. 

" It was put to vote to see if the town would raise any money for school- 
ing the present year and the vote passed in the Negative." 

Nov. 26. It seems the household furniture of Dr. Steel had 
been attached for debt, and the Dr. being absent, the town voted 
"that, provided there can be a quantity of Miss (Mrs.) Steel's 
furniture appraised that she have them and the Selectmen are 
directed to give security for them in behalf of the town, she 
giving a note signed in her husband's name for the same." 

It is supposed Dr. Steel gave the name to the Dr.'s Dam, on 
the old road west from the present town Pound. 

Dec. 18. Met and adjourned to Col. Amidown's tavern at 5 
o'clock P. M. 

Voted to allow Capt. John Albee £2.05 for an order he holds 
against the town. 

Dec. 18. Pursuant to a warrant for the purpose, the town 
voted for a Representative in Congress, and for two persons as 
Electors for President and Vice President of the United States, 
being the first election held under the Constitution. The votes 
were as follows, viz : — 

For Representative in Congress, Jonathan Grout, Esq., 14 votes. John 
Sprague, Esq., 12 votes. Timothy Paine 1 vote. 

For Electors, Artemas Ward, Esq., 17 votes. Timothy Paine, Esq., 17 
votes.. Joseph Dorr, Esq., 11 votes. Timothy Newell, Esq., 9 votes. 

Abel Wilder, Esq., 2 votes. 

At this meeting it was voted to restore the annual town meet- 
ing to the first Monday in March. 



1789. Jan. 29. Voted to sell the road between the land of 
Dr. Levi Willard and the Pond to said Willard, and Dan Aldrich, 
Benj. Thayer and Benj. Read, Esq., were chosen a committee 
to contract with said Willard on the price of said land, and 
report at the next annual meeting. 

The Meeting was then adjourned to meet at Lt. John Ben- 
son's at 6 o'clock P. M. 

56 



442 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1789. 

Representative to Congress, Timothy Paine 6. Jonathan Grout 31. 

It seems there was no choice of a Representative at this 
election. 

March 2. A ballot was again taken, and resulted as follows: 

Jonathan Grout, Esq., had 65, and Timothy Paine 1. 

At the same time the following town officers were chosen, 
viz: Seth Chapin, Edward Thompson, Esq., Zebulon Goss, Ben- 
jamin Blake and Dr. Joseph Adams, Selectmen; Seth Chapin, 
Town Clerk and Treasurer; Simeon Fisk and John Benson, 
Constables. 

Voted to raise £140 for mending highways and bridges. 

Voted to accept the report of the committee respecting the 
road between the Pond and the land of Dr. Levi Willard and 
which is as follows, viz: — 

Mendon, Jan. 30. 1789. 

We the Subscribers, being a Committee appointed by said Town to con- 
tract with Dr. Levi Willard and agree with him on the price of the land 
voted by said town on the 29th of this present month to sell to the said 
Willard, have attended that service and rind there to be about four acres of 
land lying between the Pond and said Willard's land, and said Willard 
agrees with your Committee to give the town the sum of twelve pounds 
and keep up good gates or bars and that no other incumbrance shall be in 
the way to hinder passiug and repassing at all times forever hereafter. 

Benjamin Read ) 
Dan Aldrich j- Committee. 
Benjamin Blake. ) 
I hereby agree to the above contract and will fulfill the same. 

Levi Willahd. 

Voted that the abovesaid road be discontinued. 

April 6. Voted three shillings per day for a man, and three 
shillings a day for a yoke of oxen and cart, for work on the 
highway, until the last of September, and after that two shil- 
lings a day for each. 

Voted to raise £100 to defray town charges. 

Voted to allow the Selectmen and Assessors twelve shillings 
each for their services. 

STATE ELECTION. 

For Governor, John Hancock, Esq., 57. James Bowdoin 5. 

Lt. Governor, Samuel Adams 44. Benj. Lincoln 19. 

Senators — Amos Singletery, Esq., 25. John Fessenden, Esq., 25. 



1790.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 443 

Peter Penniman,* Esq., 22. Israel Nichols, Esq., 2."i. David Bigelow, 
Esq., 22. Moses Gill, Esq., 21. Samuel Baker, Esq., 22. Abel 

Wilder, Esq., 24. Andrew Peters, Esq., 19. Jonathan Warner, Esq., 
21. Artemas Ward, Esq., 4. Timothy Paine, Esq., 2. C'apt, Jo- 
siah Sterns, 2. 

May 13. Benjamin Read, Esq., was chosen Representative to 
the General Court. 

Voted that the Town Treasurer call in £19.13.07 of the £100 
voted to be raised March 2, 1789, and pay the same to the 
County Treasurer, in order to pay so much that is due to said 
Treasurer out of the hills that were committed to Moses Aldrich 
to collect in the year 1783. 

Voted to sell the road leading from the county road, near 
Seth Chapin's house, to the Eight Rod Road, now known as 
Post's Lane. Sold to Seth Hastings, Esq. 

Aug. 26. Raised £G0 for schooling, and £30 for town charges 
for the current year. 

Voted that the Selectmen divide the school money among the 
several districts according to the number of scholars in each 
district between the ages of three and twenty-one. 

At this meeting Benjamin Read, Esq., Dan Aldrich and 
Darius Daniels were chosen a committee to inquire into the 
matter "respecting the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas 
for the County of Suffolk." 

This matter with the Court is supposed to have reference to 
the State tax for 1783, in the hands of Moses Smith, Collector 
for that year, which he failed to pay over. 



1790. March 1. Chose for Selectmen, Seth Davenport. 
Capt. Rufus Aldrich, Benjamin Thayer, Ichabod Cook and 
Darius Daniels; Seth Chapin, Town Clerk; Andrew Peters, 
Esq., Town Treasurer; John Benson and Ezra Thayer, Consta- 
bles; John Crooks still continued to be chosen Deer Rieve. 

County Treasurer, Nathan Perry had thirty-nine votes; when 
the meeting was adjourned to April 5, when the meeting was fur- 
ther adjourned to May 6. 

March 29. state election. 

For Governor, John Hancock Esq., 50 votes. For Lt, Governor, Sam 
nel Adams, Esq. , 49 votes. 



444 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1790. 

Senators, Moses Gill, John Fessenden, David Bigelow and Jeremiah Lam- 
ed had 40 each, Amos Singletery 30, John Tyler 9 and Peter Penniman and 
Abel Wilder had 2 each. 

May 6. Voted to raise £150 to defray town charges the pres- 
ent year, and £50 for the support of schools. 

Seth Davenport, Philip Amidown, Luke Aldrich, Joseph Al- 
len, Benjamin Thayer, Edward Thompson, Lt. Abraham Staples, 
Darius Daniels, Lt. Daniel Taft, Joab Aldrich, Benjamin Blake, 
Benjamin Thayer and Asa Smith were chosen a Committee to 
make a new arrangement of the School Districts for the hotter 
accommodation of the schools. 

At this time there were thirteen Highway and thirteen School 
Districts in town. 

Voted to sell the old school house that stands on the Training 
Field, " for the most it will fetch."' This school honse stood 
near the house of Andrew Peters, and not far from the present 
barn of Albert W. Gaskill. 

Voted that the Selectmen procure a house for the poor of the 
town if they think it expedient. 

May 11. Chose Benjamin Read, Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court. 

May 26. Raised £140 to repair highways and bridges, at -3s. 
a day for a man and the same for oxen and cart from June 1 to 
Sept. 30; and 2s. a day after that date until the 1st day of 
March. 

Voted not to divide the school money according to the num- 
ber of scholars between the ages of three and twenty-one. 

Voted the Highway Surveyors have warrants of distress against 
those who refuse to work out their Highway Tax in their respec- 
tive districts; and that the money collected be laid out in their 
respective districts. 

July 5. Made choice of Benjamin Read as agent to carry on 
the cause against the town of Wrentham for the support of 
Adolphus Cook now at the charge of the town of Mendon. 

Aug. 30. Taxes were foregone against Nathaniel Scott, Elea- 
zer Albee, Jeduthan Rawson, Calvin Smith, Gustavus Aldrich. 
Turner Ellis and Ichabod Bosworth. 

Voted to divide the school money equally between the scholars 
between the ages of three and twenty-one. 



1791.] ANNALS OF MENDON. 445 

Oct. 4. REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS. 

Nathan Tyler 33, Jonathan Grout 18, John Sprague 5 and Artemus Ward 
and Timothy Paine one each, no choice at March 12 being made. 



1791. March 7. Selectmen, Dr. Joseph Adams, Benjamin 
Thayer, Jr., Oliver Carpenter, Jacob Taft and Oapt. William 
Torrey: Town Clerk, Seth Chapin; Town Treasurer, Andrew 
Peters Esq.; Constables, Ezra Thayer, Benj. Blake and Edward 
Thompson. 

Voted to raise £100 to defray town charges, £50 for schools and 
£140 for repair of highways and bridges for the current year. 

Chose Benjamin Bead Esq. Agent for the town this year. 

County Register, Daniel Clapp had 29 votes. Samuel Flagg 15 votes. 
County Treasurer, Samuel Allen had 34. Nathan 'Perry 2, and Benjamin 
Hay ward 1. 

April 4. STATE ELECTION. 

For Gov. John Hancock Esq. , 42. 

" Lt. Gov. Samuel Adams Esq., 42. 
Senators, Moses Gill 38, Samuel Baker 35, Abel Wilder 37, John Fessen- 
den 37, Benjamin Read 30, Samuel Curtis 2, Jonathan Grout 4, Nathan Ty- 
ler 1 & Timothy Newell 7. 

Instead of auditing accounts against the town in town meet- 
ing, as had usually been done heretofore, the Selectmen were 
instructed to examine and allow the accounts against the town. 

May 11. The report of the Committee on the new arrangement 
of the School Districts was recommitted for further examination 
and amendment should the Committee think necessary, and the 
meeting was adjourned to Aug. 22. 

Chose Benjamin Bead, Esq., Representative to the General 
Court. 

Aug. 22. REPORT OF A COMMITTEE. 

We the Subscribers being appointed a Committee to make a new arrange- 
ment of the Districts in said town, for the better accommodation of said 
town for Schooling have met and maturely considered the matter and do re- 
port as follows. 

1st. District. North on Upton line, East on Milford line till it comes to 
Sherborn Boad (so called) then westerly by the south side of said road to 



446 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1791. 

Amariah Vose's house, thence to William Maynard's excluding him, thence 
with a direct line to Uxbridge line, thence north on Uxbridge line to North- 
bridge line, thence on Northbridge line to Upton line. 

2nd. District. Beginning at Muddy Brook (so called) where it crosses the 
Sherborn Road and bounded westerly on the line of the first District to Ux- 
bridge line, thence to the south side of the County road (so called) thence 
on the south side of said County road to Jacob Aldrich's including him, 
thence to a heap of stones on the road back of the Pond thirty rods south, 
thence across the Pond to Dr. Levi Willard's including him, thence to Asa 
Penniman's including him, thence to Increase Thayer's including him, 
thence to Ebenezer Streeter's including him, thence to George Aldrich's in- 
cluding him, thence to first bound. 

3rd. District. Beginning at Asa Penniman's excluding him, thence to 
the house where Israel Hill lives including him and including Dan Aldrich, 
thence to the Widow Margaret Daniels's including her, thence easterly on 
Mill River up to Capt. John Albee's, thence to Win. French's including 
him, thence to the bound first mentioned. 

4th. District. Beginning at Milford line where the Mill river crosses said 
line, thence down said river until it comes directly east of George Smith's, 
it being the whole of the inhabitants on the east side of said river. 

5th District, Beginning at the Wid. Margaret Daniels's excluding her, 
thence east on the Mill River to where David Handy lives including him, 
thence to Hop Brook bridge (so called) on Smithfield road, thence to Benja- 
min and Nicholas Thayer's including them, thence northward to the first 
bound. 

6th District. Beginning at Hop Brook bridge, thence to Anthony Chase 
including him, thence to Cumberland line, thence to Belliugham line, thence 
to Jotham Pickering's including him, thence to Ichabod Pickering's includ- 
ing him, thence to Seth Kelly's including him, thence to first mentioned 
bound. 

7th. District, Beginning at Asa Penniman's excluding him, thence to 
Ensign Seth Taft's including him, thence to Laban Fairbanks' including 
him, thence to John Craggin's including him, thence to the house where 
Levi Lesure now lives including him, thence to Thomas Taft's including 
him, thence to the house where David Southerland lives including him, 
thence to Col. Silas Wheelock's including him, thence to the first mentioned 
bound. It is meant to include Lt, Keith and Samuel Fairbanks in the above 
District, 

8th. District. Beginning at Silas Aldrich's including him, thence to Ux- 
bridge line including Acpiilla Robbins and Barlow Carpenter, thence south 
to Darius Daniels including him, thence to Laban Fairbanks, thence to the 
Pond, thence to first mentioned bound. 

9th. District, Beginning at Nathaniel Taft's including him, thence to 
Col. Joseph Chapin's old house including that, thence to Uxbridge line to 



1791. | ANNALS OF MENDON. 447 

Jacob Tuft's including him, thence to Levi Young's including him, thence 
to Jesse Tourtelotte's including him, thence to first mentioned bound. The 
remainder of the 9th. District bounded as follows. Beginning at Timothy 
Alexander's including him and Simon Alexander, thence to David Legg's 
including him, thence on Uxbridge line until it comes directly west of the 
Widow Warfield's house, thence to Asa Blake's including him, thence to 
Benjamin Blake's including him and his son Zaccheus, thence to the first 
mentioned hound. 

10th. District. Beginning at Uxbridge line directly west of the Widow 
Warfield's house, thence to Benjamin Blake's excluding him, thence to 
Mathew Darling's including him, thence south to the Great River (Black- 
stone,) thence up stream said river till it comes to Uxbridge line, thence to 
first mentioned bound. 

11th. District Beginning at Dam Swamp road where the Parish line 
crosses, thence to Timothy Alexander's excluding him, thence to Benja- 
min Blake's excluding him, thence to the road south of said Benjamin 
Blake's house, thence to Gideon Thayer's including him, thence east to 
Hop Brook bridge, thence up stream said brook to the first mentioned 
bound. 

12th. District. Beginning at George Gaskill's including him, thence to 
Conwell (Cogswell) Chase including him, thence up stream to the Great, 
river until it comes south of Mathew Darling's house, thence to Jacob Al- 
drich's including him, thence to Gideon Thayer's excluding him, thence to 
first mentioned bound. 

13th. District. Beginning at Uxbridge line where it crosses the Great 
river, thence down stream the Great river to the Colony line, thence west 
on said Colony line to Uxbridge line, thence on Uxbridge line to the bound 
first mentioned. 

N. B. Upon the petition of a number of Friends hereafter named, we 
report that they draw their proportion of the School money and school the 
same agreeable to their own discretion. The names of the petitioners are 
as follows, viz: Daniel Cook, Josiah Shove, Edward Southwick, Daniel 
Southwick, Jacob Bartlett, Benedict Remington, Seth Kelly, George Smith, 
Samuel Smith, Joseph Southwick jr., Jonathan Fowler, John Southwick, 
Asa Smith, George Smith jr. Lawrence Southwick's family to be schooled 
with the petitioners. 

Signed by the Committee, Joseph Allen, Edward Thompson, Benjamin 
Thayer, Benjamin Blake, Daniel Taft, Abraham Staples, Jacob Aldrich, 
Benjamin Thayer jr., Asa Smith and Luke Aldrich. 

May 11. Benjamin Read was chosen Representative to the 
Great and General Court. 

Sept. 19. Voted that the Treasurer be directed to loan the 
money that arises from the sale of the State .Securities, he being 
under the direction of the Selectmen, 



448 ANNALS OF MENDON. [1792. 

Voted not to build a school house in each district. 
Voted to pay Dr. Levi Willard for doctoring the poor of the 
town. 

Dr. Willard lived in the house now owned bv Dennis Holeran. 



1792. March 5. Chose Seth Chapin, Town Clerk; Dr. Jo- 
seph Adams, Capt. Daniel Taft, Enos Taft, Ichabod Cook and 
John Hayward, Selectmen; Andrew Peters, Esq., Treasurer; 
Capt. Wm. Torrey and Benjamin Blake, Constables; Tithing- 
men, James Lovett and Edward Thompson; John Crooks, Deer 
Reeve; Luke Aldrich, Surveyor of Hemp,' and Seth Davenport, 
Sealer of Weights and Measures. Adjourned to April 2. 

April 2. Voted to raise one hundred pounds to repair high- 
ways and bridges in said town the ensuing year. 

Voted that Dr. Joseph Adams, as a Selectman, together with 
the Town Clerk, be directed to search the records to see if there 
was any allowance for a road through the land of Ensign John 

Legg, late of , deceased, that has been taken up by the 

town, and make report at the adjournment of the meeting. 

The reason of this vote was that, in the original laying out of 
lands to individuals, reservations for roads were sometimes made, 
should the town see fit at any time to locate a road over the 
grant. 

At this time the Highway and the School Districts were iden- 
tical, and as at this meeting the Seventh District was divided, 
there were fourteen Highway and School Districts in the town 
at that time. 

Made choice of Levi Albee as Pound Keeper, being the first 
person chosen to that office. 

Voted to give the powder that was drawn out of the town's 
stock by the militia officers of this town, and burnt by the sol- 
diers at the general muster in September last. 

Dr. Joseph Adams was chosen agent to carry on a suit against 
the town of Uxbridge for the support of Job Keith's family. 

CHOICE OF STATE OFFICERS. 

For Governor, S