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Full text of "Annals of Witchcraft in New England, and Elsewhere in the United States, from Their First ..."

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No. VIII. 



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ANNALS 



itcf}£raft in Mt'm Cnglan^, 



THE UNITED STATES, 



FROM THEIR FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



By SAMUEL G. DRAKE. 




BOSTON : 
W. ELLIOT WOODWARB, 

i;S Dudley Street. 
MDCCCLXIX. 



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Intered according to Afl of Congrefa in the year 1869, 

Bv Sahpel G. Deake, 
le Clerk's Office of tlie Diflria Court of the United Stat, 
for the Diflria of Maffachufem. 



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HON. JOHN WENTWORTH, LL. D., 

OF CHICAGO, 

ilDENTS OF THE NEV 
iNEALOGICAL SOCIEl 

AS AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF HIS VALUABLE SERVICES 

IN THE CAUSE OF RESCUING MATERIALS FOR 

THE HISTORY OF THE FOUNDERS 

OF NEW ENGLAND, 

BY THE 

AUTHOR. 



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u^/i^^,y />^c^_^ 



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PREFACE. 



THIS is the firft Attempt, 
fo far as is known to the 
Writer, to colled: together 
the Annals of Witchcraft in this 
Country. Like all firft Attempts 
in an untrodden Path of Hillory, 
this may fall fhort of Expectation 
in feveral refpedls. Thofe who 
look for a Succeffion of Tales of 



Horrour of the moft terrible Kind 
may be dilappointed, while others will rejoice that 
there are no more of them, and may be fatisfied 
that the Tragedies are interfperfed here and there 
by Comedies. 

It has doubtlefs been a Queftion with all Readers 
of Accounts of the Witchcraft Cafes which have 
occurred in this Country, how it happened that they 
were fo fimilar to thofe which took place in Eng- 




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viii Preface. 

land. The Queftion is eafily anfwered; in other 
Words the Similarity is eafily accounted for. 
Witchcraft was itfelf imported by thofe who firil 
praftifed it here, and was perpetuated by the 
Importers and their immediate Defcendants. 

Books on Magick, Sorcery and Witchcraft were 
brought to this Country by the early Settlers. 
Thefe were ftudied, and their Contents enlarged 
upon according to the Powers of the Imagination 
of thofe who were ambitious to appear wifer than 
their Neighbours. 

So much Prominence has been given to what 
is called the Salem Witchcraft, that what had 
occurred in the Country before and fince 1692 is, 
and has been, overlooked or almoft entirely loft fight 
of. It will be feen by the following Work that it was 
a Part of the focia] Life of the People, and to them 
of the greateft Importance through all the earlier 
Periods of their Hiftory from the Promulgation 
of their Laws to the year 1700. The Queftion 
arifes naturally, Why has the Subjedt of Witch- 
craft been paifed over fo lightly by the general, 
and almoft entirely by the local Hiftorian? It 
can hardly be fuppofed that they purpofely omit 
thofe Details with a Belief that they will be forgot- 
ten, and the Reproach they occafion with them. 



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Preface. ix 

Thiswouldbea fhort lighted Deciiion indeed. But 
the Affair at Salem has not been omitted. That 
has been a Peg on which to hang Reproaches 
againfl: New England, early and late; as though 
it were the Corner-ftone of all the Troubles of 
the Kind which ever happened in the Land. No 
Attempt will be made in Defence of that terrible 
Delulion, nor of thofe concerned in it; as that 
would be to defend a debafing Ignorance, the 
Progenitor of the more debafing Superfl:ition. 

It cannot but be acknowledged that thofe in 
Authority at that Day were men "fearing God," 
confcientious to the laft Degree, and therefore felt 
themfelves compelled to obey the folemn Injunc- 
tion "not to fuffer a Witch to live." Their 
Confciences would allow them no Alternative but 
to obey that Command; not entirely upon the 
Evidence of their own Senfes bat always with the 
Deciiion of twelve of the beft Citizens of the 
Community where the Cafes occurred. 

If thofe who are fo free with their Denunciations 
of the Proceedings of 1692 will refledt, they will 
find themfelves in a Dilemma of this Sort: with 
Believers in the Injunctions of the Bible, or Dif- 
believers in them. The former obeyed thofe 
Injundtions, the latter evaded or dilbelieved them. 
6 



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X Preface. 

The Inference is too apparent to need further 
Attention. 

The following Annals have been derived from 
Materials widely fcattered. I have thought for a 
long Period that fuch a Work fhould be compofed, 
becaufe there is, and doubtlefs always will be, a 
Defire to know what could be found upon the 
Subject, that might be relied upon as authentick. 
As to this latter Particular, it may be proper to 
ilate, that I have admitted Nothing into thefe 
Pages not well authenticated by Documents, and 
generally of the Time of the Occurrences. 

It was my Fortune many Years ago, to come 
into Poffeffion of a great Amount of original Pa- 
pers, on a large Number of hiftorical Subjedls. 
Among them were many upon the Subje<51: of 
Witchcraft, and Witch Trials. From thefe a 
very important and confiderable Portion of the en- 
fuing Volume has been compofed. 

It would feem from many Circumftances that 
the early Emigrants to New England were familiar 
with Books on Witchcraft, and doubtlefs fome of 
them brought Works on that Subjed: with them; 
yet the Scarcity of all Kinds of Books and their 
high Prices at that Period in England would feem 
hardly to allow of their being common. A Cata- 



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Preface. xi 

logue of fuch Works as were extant at that Time 
would be one of very great Intereft, but k would 
be too extenfive for this Preface. References to 
many will be found in the Introduftion to the 
Witchcraft Delufion publilhed in 1866. The 
Work of the Rev. William Perkins, entitled the 
Damned Art of Witchcraft, Dr. Cotton Mather's 
Memorable Providences relating to Witchcraft 
(1689), Dr. Increafe Mather's Remarkable Provi- 
dences (1684), Mr. Richard Baxter's Certainty of 
the World of Spirits {ibgi), and a Trial of Witches, 
before Sir Matthew Hale (166 1), were perhaps the 
Works the beft known to the People of New 
England at the Time of the Salem Tragedies. 
As the Work of Hale (written in March, 1661), 
was of the firH: Authority in England, and referred 
to here with unbounded Confidence, a brief 
Extract from it may be of Interellin this Connec- 
tion: He fays, "That them are fuch evil Angels 
[as Witches] it is wichout all Queflion. The Old 
Teftament affures us of it, as it eafily appears upon 
the Confideration of the Temptation of our firfl: 
Parents ; the Hiftory of Abimeleck and the men of 
Shechem ; the Hiilory of Saul and the Witch of 
Endor ; the Hiftory of Micaiah and the falfe 
Prophets ; the Hiftory of Job ; the Prophecy of 



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xii Preface. 

the Defolation of Babylon, wherein the Satyrs 
were to inhabit. The New Teftament more ex- 
plicitly and more abundantly clears it, by the 
Hiftory of the Temptation of our Lord ; the De- 
moniacks of feveral Symptoms cured by our Lord 
and his Apoftles ; the ProcelTion of the Evil Spirit, 
and his Return with feven other Spirits ; the Vilion 
of the Fall of Satan from Heaven like Lightning 
by our Saviour ; the feveral Alfertings of it in the 
Gofpel and Apoftolical Epiftles; the Prince of the 
Power of the Air. It is alfo confirmed to us by 
daily Experience of the Power and Energy of 
thefe Evil Spirits in Witches, and by them." This, 
and a great Deal more was written by the Lord 
Chief Juftice after he had prefided at certain 
Witch Trials, in Purfuance of which Divers had 
fuffered Death. The Subftance of thofe Trials 
may be seen in "The Wonders of the Inviftble World 
as introdud:ory to and Authority for thofe at 
Salem.' And as a further Bulwark againft the 
Sadducees of that Generation, the Doctor adds : 
"The Venerable Baxter very truly fays, Judge 
Hale was a Perfon, than whom, no Man was more 
backward to condemn a Witch, without fiiU 
Evidence." 

1 See Tht Witchcraft Delufiou inNew Engkud.l. 141-151. 



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Preface. xiii 

The Work of Judge Hale above referred -to 
would make a very fuitable Chapter in the Mag- 
nalia; for his Relations of bevf itched Perfons are 
as aftonifliing as any contained in that wonderful 
Book; and their Reporter as implicitly believed 
them as did Dr. Mather thofe which he recorded. 
That Judge was more regarded in New England 
than any other as Authority, becaufe of his great 
Piety and Purity of Charafter; and while thefe 
Qualities are not denied him in this Age, his 
Weaknefs, Credulity and Stupidity are quite as 
apparent. 

I will notice a few other Works in this Place 
upon the Subjed: of Witchcraft. 

As late as 171 5, a Work in two handfome Vo- 
lumes was publilhed by well known Bookfellers 
in London, entitled A Compleat Hijiory ofMagick, 
Sorcery and Witchcraft. Thefe Volumes were 
in the duodecimo Form, and contained above five 
hundred Pages, clofe Print. From the Contents 
one would hardly be led to fuppofe that the 
Reality of Witchcraft had to that Time ever been 
queftioned by Anybody, except Infidels. It em- 
braces all of thofe numerous Trials and Executions 
in England with the fame Complacency and 
Satisfaction as Dr. Cotton Mather detailed thofe 



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xiv Preface. 

of New England in his Wonders of the Invifble 
World. In fadl, it embraces an Abftradt of that 
Work alfo. Thefe Volumes were printed for 
E. Curll, at the Sign of the Dial and Bible, J. 
Pemberton, at the Sign of the Buck and Sun, op- 
pofite St. Dunftan's Church in Fleet Street; and 
W. Taylor, at the Ship in Pater-Noller-Row; 
and whoever has recently vifited Fleet Street might 
have feen the beautifully fymmetrical old Dunftan, 
founded fome 760 Years ago, upon which Curll 
and Pemberton daily looked, and which is likely 
long to remain for others to look upon, there 
being no Back-Bay in London into which to fend 
the Churches of that ancient City.' 

There were not many Works written, or if 
written were not pubUihed, expoling the Belief 
in Witchcraft, until a comparatively late Period 
of the Delufion. There were two Reafons for 
this. One was there were comparatively few who 
did not believe in it, and the other was the Dan- 
er of lofing their Standing in Society, and being 
expofed to Perfecutions of every Kind. 

1 The Writer has no Objeaion there, and to go and live there ihem- 

to urge againlt the People of Bollon felves to get away from their lefs 

forwiflliogtohavealhheirChurches opulent Neighbours we recommend 

on the kcely filled Qoagmire, If thofe Neighbours to allow them to 

theydefire toreraove theirChurches enjoy their Solitude. 



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Preface. xv 

I have fhown in the Introdudlion to T^he Witch- 
craft Delufion that there was one Man in England 
who fuccefsfully battled againft it, while at the 
fame Time he beheved in it, or pretended to be- 
Ueve in it, as the only Courfe then fafe.to be taken. 
This was Sir Robert Filmer. He preceded Mr. 
Calef, but Mr. Calef does not feem to have been 
aware that fuch a Champion was in the field. 
Cotemporary with Filmer was John Brinley, 
Gent, who publiihed a Work with this Title, 
A Difcovery of the Impojiures of Witches and Af- 
trologers, London, Printed for John Wright, at 
the Crown on Ludgate-HIll, and fold by Edward 
Milward, Bookfeller, in Leitchfield, 1680. This 
is a fmall i6mo of 127 Pages, dedicated to Sir 
Brian Broughton of Broughton, Baronet, dated 
Brockton in the County of Stafford, Nov. 7th, 
1679.' Like Filmer, Brinley believed or pre- 
tended to believe in Witchcraft. His firfl: Chapter 
opens thus: "An Owl, an Hare, and an Old- 
woman, was anciently the Emblem of Superftition ; 
and truly if we fhall diligently fearch into the 
Caufes of this Error, we Ihall find that Ignorance, 
and Dotage, vain Hopes, and foolilli Fears, ground- 

1 The oniy Copj' of this curious Friend George Brinley, Esq., of 
Book known to me belongs to my Hartford, 



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XVI Preface. 

lefs Expectations, and cafual Events have been the 
Springs from whence this Folly proceeds, which is 
the Mother of all thefe Omens and Prognoftica- 
tions." 

This is a good Common Senfe Opening to his 
Work. I will in the next and' laft Place give an 
Example of the oppolite Sort. His fourth Chapter 
is thus headed : " That Devils may do Mifchief 
to Man or Beaft, without any AlTociation with 
Witch or Wizard." He then goes on: "Though 
we do not deny, but fhall hereafter prove, that 
there are Witches, and Necromancers, and fuch 
Perfons as make wicked Contracts with the Devil, 
to the Ruin of their own Souls, and the Prejudice 
of others; yet it is moil certain, that the Devil 
often does much Evil of himfelf (by God's Per- 
miflion) without any Affociation with any of his 
forementioned Inftruments." It is unneceiTary 
to extradl further from this Author, for his Attri- 
butes of the Devil do not differ materially from 
what is laid down by Dr. Mather; both of which 
it may be faid have "whipped the Devil round 
the Stump," quite fufficiently. 



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PRELIMINARY DISSERTATION 



IWattet* fii tonmtttxt iuftJ) amfttJjcvaft, 

As the Mifts clear up fi-oni the Mountains, fo 
is Ignorance, the Parent of Superilition, forced 
from its benighted Places. In the one Cafe the 
Mifts of the Valleys loofe their Hold as Cultiva- 
tion advances ; hence they efcape to the neighbour- 
ing Elevations, and even there are forced gradually 
to recede, and fo by Degrees finally difappear. 
But the Mifts of Superftition, hanging over the 
human Family, have not yet been entirely difperfed 
by the Sun of Education and the unerring 
Teachings of fcientifick Difcoveries. 

That Superftition oppreffes the World at large, 
even to this Day, cannot be difputed, and the 
Profpeil appears fmall that it will ever be other- 
wife. While it is true that, in remote and thinly 
fettled Regions its Reign is more fupreme than in 
compatfl and cultivated Communities, it is equally 
true that it has a Hold here, not a little furprifing 
C 



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xviii Dijfertation. 

to thofe accuftomed to contemplate, and allow 
themfelves to view Mankind as they are. There is 
Antagonifm between Reafon and Superftition; a 
Warfare which has continued for Ages. And it muft 
be conceded that, upon the whole, the Vidtory is 
ftill with the latter. Science and its true Votaries 
repofe with their Armour on, have gained the Vic- 
tory for themfelves, thrown up their limited Breaft- 
works, and faid to their Enemy on the mountain 
Slopes, "We have no Intention to diflodge you. 
We know you are numerous and a great Power in 
the World. We will uphold your Supremacy, 
allow your Flag to be flaunted over us and in our 
Faces even ; but we have the Satisfadlion of know- 
ing your Pretenfions are falfe, and that your Empire 
muft come to an End." 

It is thus that an Empire founded in Intolerance, is 
fubmitted to by its lefs powerful Neighbour, under 
the falfe Conclufion that its AiTumptions and Su- 
perftitions are necelfary Evils; and therefore while 
knowing their Rights dare not maintain them ; 
becaufe thofe Rights are declared unpopular, 
and fubverfive of eftabliflied Cuftoms — Culloms 
founded in, what now muft appear to all who think 
without Prejudice, a moft tranfparent Syftem of 
Deception, 



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Dijfertation. xix 

The unexampled Efforts to hold the World in 
Ignorance, and the vaft Amounts of Treafure ex- 
pended to propagate and maintain falfe Opinions, 
may fafely be faid, to be fufficient to have, ere this, 
educated the enllaved Millions paft and prefent, 
in Truths of the iirfl Importance to the Stability 
of Nations, and the Peace and Happinefs of all 
People. 

But whoever hopes or experts to abolifh or an- 
nihilate Antagonifm, may hope and expedttothe 
End of Time. It is a Principle in Nature, and can 
no more be annihilated or obliterated than any 
Principle in the material Univerfe. There is No- 
thing without it, becaufe Nothing can exift with- 
out it. And when it is fully underftood, Nations 
and Communities may work together for the ge- 
neral Good of all; as it keeps the Planets in their 
Courfe, and all Things in their Places upon and 
around them. The fame Principles exifl in the 
animate as in the inanimate World. Their Opera- 
tion or Adtion in animal Life may be termed Spirit, 
and the two antagoniftick Principles here, being as 
effential as in inanimate Nature, and being as little 
underftood, are denominated ^W and ^.^i/; which 
attributes depend entirely on their Management as 
refpedts their Agency. Thus, Fire and Water are, in 



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XX ■^ Dijfertation. 

certain Conditions, terrible Agencies, and being 
ftrikingly antagoniftick, ferve to illuftrate the 
Theory. They may be fald to be the Origin of every 
Good and every Evil. They largely enter into the 
Compoiition of all Bodies. It is the antagoniftick 
Principle that keeps them there, and they fall 
afunder by the Aftion of other antagoniftick Agen- 
cies, as incomprehenfible as thofe we have juft 
mentioned. Whoever pretends to comprehend or 
explain them is either deficient in mental Endow- 
ment, or is a Pretender and Deceiver. 

A Power actuates Humanity, or Powers, if we 
pleafe, but of which we know no more than of that 
which caufes the Sun to rife. This Power is Life, 
and into this enters the antagoniftick Principles. 
This we know, becaufe, we at the fame Time are 
confcious of two Motives in our Mind at the fame 
Time; one urging the Performance of an Aflion 
and the other relifting it. The Minds of intelligent 
Beings thus circumftanced gave rife to the Idea 
among primitive People, that thefe two Motives 
were caufed by a good and an evil Spirit. If, in fol- 
lowing the one, the Refult was to all Appearances, 
to the Injury of no one, but on the Contrary, re- 
fultedin Benefits to fome, it went to the Credit of 
the good Spirit; while, if the Refult was injurious, 



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DiJJ'ertation, xxi 

it was pronounced Evil, and the Performer a 
Do- evil or Devils 

Another View may be taken of the Powers of 
Adtions: What may appear as an Evil under fome 
Circumftances, may, under others, be pronounced 
Benefits. Hence arifes the Saying that what is 
good for one Perfon may be bad for another; or, 
according to the Proverb, " It is an ill Wind that 
blows good to no one." Sailors once thought, 
that, when Winds kept them long from their 
Courfe, they were caufed by fome evil Spirit; and 
they fometimes charged one or more of their 
Number as the Authors of fuch adverfe Wind, laid 
violent Hands upon them and cart: them into the 
Sea. His Executioners did not reiie£t, that the 
Wind againfl: which they were contending, was 
carrying thofe bound in the oppolite Direction to 
their defired Haven. Neither did they refled:, that 
if a Mortal could control one of the Elements, it 
would be lingular indeed if he could not control 
others, and thereby render their Efforts of no Avail. 

At the Time New England began to be fettled 
the Belief in Leagues with the Powers of Darknefs 
by frail human Beings was nearly univerfal. The 

^ This may nor be according to Purpofe. 
the Lexicographers, but it fuits our 



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xxii Differ tation. 

Power or Principle before fpoken of feems to have 
found no Place in the human Intelleifl. Educa- 
tion was controlled and Ihaped according to the 
Dogmas of the dark Ages. It is ftill in a great 
Meafure under the Preffure of that Incubus. So 
wedded do Men become to Abfurdities, becaufe 
they are fandioned and believed by their Prede- 
celTors, that they feemingly become a Part of their 
Natures. And, Deceptions prafticed In an Age of 
almoft heathen Darknefs, which would not gain 
a Moment's Credence in this Age, are clung to with 
as much Faith as they were by the weakeft Minds 
in the Age of their Creation. 

As the all-pervading Principle of the Univerfe 
could not be underftood, its Myflery was pretended 
to be folved to a certain Degree by dividing it into 
a good and a bad controlling Power. There was, 
and is to this Day, among unenlightened People, 
oppolite Opinions held, as to the controlling of 
thofe Powers. Some believe that natural Pheno- 
mena, as Earthquakes, Thunder, and all other 
threatening Difturbances of the Elements are the 
Work of evil Spirits. Hence that Caufe was to 
be worlhipped, and Sacrifices made to it to propi- 
tiate it; hoping thereby to avert the Evil from 
themf elves. 



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Dijfertation. xxiii 

Plagues, Tempefts, Inundations, and indeed all 
Occurrences unexplainable by human Sagacity are 
Miracles. Science, however, has diminished their 
Number, and rendered many natural Refults, form- 
erly viewed as Miracles no Miracles at all. When 
a Town or City was fwallowed up by the Opening 
of the Earth under it, and all its People cut off by 
it, thofe of other Places tried to perfuade themfelves 
that it was not their Lot to meet fuch a Doom, 
becaufe they were a better Community! Such 
Events were in the Mind of the great poetical 
Philofopher when he wrote the following tran- 
fcendently beautiful Lines: 

" But errs not Nature from its gracious Erid, 
From burning Suns when livid Deaths defcend ; 
When Earthquakes fwallow, or when Tempefts fweep 
Towns to one Grave, whole Nations to the Deep?" 

Another has beautifully exprelTed himfelf thus : 

"Think ye that they on whom the Ruin fell, 
Were worfe than thofe who lived their Fate to tell ? " 

Thus, in all Ages and in all Countries Superfti- 
tion held Mankind in thofe difmal Fetters, until 
Science by Degrees has partially relieved them. 
It had not made fuch flow Progrefs but for the 
inherent Love of Myllery fo firmly enthroned in 
the human Mind. Nor is it ilrange that it is 



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xxiv Dijfertation, 

thus, becaufe the Birth of all Things is a Myftery — 
a Miracle if you will — to every one. Our Being 
and the Being of all Things are equally fo. No 
primeval Forefts of a new World are neceffary, 
by their gloomy Silence to engender indefcribable 
Forms, in the Imagination. The Countries 
whence our Anceftors came had few of thefe. 
Lonely ivied Ruins and Solitary Depofitories of 
the Dead they had indeed, if fuch were neceffary 
to the Propagation and Produftion of Witches, 
and their kindred Ghofts and Apparitions. 

Strange and contradidlory Notions have always 
prevailed regarding the Being, Powers and Agen- 
cies of Witches; and in the Attempts of "Believ- 
ers " to explain them, they have by their Contradic- 
tions, and Affumptions of Things as Fafts which 
had no Exiflence except in their difordered or 
confufed Brains, confounded the Under itandings of 
thofe whom they pretended to enlighten. 

Such a Clafs of Inftrudtors has written numerous 
Works on the Origin of Evil, and Original Sin. 
If by fuch Books they have advanced Knowledge 
a Hair's Breadth in the Direftion intended, it may 
perhaps be found exhibited in the more modern 
Effays of a tranfcendental Charadler. If thefe or 
thofe Writers have made the World better, they 



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Differ tat ion, xxv 

have certainly taken a round-about Way for it; 
and with the fame Kind of Teachings it Is quite 
certain that much Time will elapfe before the 
People "of the moft enlightened Country on the 
Globe" will be fufficiently enlightened to diftin- 
guifh whether a Man will make a good or bad 
chief Magiftrate of a Town or of the Nation; 
yet, with fuch Light as is fuppofed to furround a 
Centre of Intelligence, a moft contemptible Dema- 
gogue may fucceed in obtaining what had hitherto 
been deemed a high Poiition, but by him fo 
degraded that it may be a Queflion whether the 
Pofttion will confer Honor on a Succeflbr. 

It is evident that when our Anceftors left the 
Shores of England, they did not leave behind them 
the Superftitions of their Progenitors. From the 
remotefl: period Stories of the moft marvellous 
Character had been tranfmitted from thofe of one 
Generation to the fiicceeding one, and there does 
not appear to have been any Time when the 
World was free from the Vifitations of what was 
termed Witchcraft. There was indeed a ftiort 
. Period after the Settlement of this Country that 
little feems to have been heard about it. This 
Paucity was doubtlefs owing to the Circumftance 
that Everyone had too much to do to provide 
D 



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xxvi Dijfertation. 

himfelf with the Neceflaries of Life, to allow his 
Mind to dwell on Matters, which, if clofely fol- 
lowed up, could lead to Nothing but Poverty, 
Starvation and Ruin. 

Yet all through thofe few Years between the 
coming over and the first Outbreak of Witchcraft, 
it was fmouldering among the People, like the 
internal Fires of the Earth prepai'atory to a volcanic 
Eruption. 

It appears that the People of the New Haven 
Colony were the firil to be difturbed by "the 
Powers of the Invifible World," but the Records 
of the early Affairs are very deficient, and afford 
but an imperfefl Infight into them. The early 
Enadlments of Laws against Witches were occa- 
fioned by Accufations of Perfons believed or 
pretended to be fuch. Of this there can be no 
Doubt. But no Records of Accufations appear 
previous to the Laws, notwithftanding they were 
the Occafion of fuch Laws. 

As early as 1642,' the Laws defined eleven 
Crimes puniihable by Death. The Second in 

' Ic is fcarcely necefTary to ftace to the King's Opinion of Devils and 

that all the Proceedings againft Witches, and to the Book he wrole. 

Witches in England and this Coun- entitled Demonology, reprinted In 

try, were in Parfuance of the Act London the fame Year (1603.} 

pafled by the Britilh Parliament, See Witchcraft Delufion in Nem 

in Compliment, (as De Foe fays) Englmd, f, xMil. 



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Dijfertation. xxvii 

the Series reads, "Yf any Man or Woman be a 
Witch, that is, hath or confulteth with a familiar 
Spirit, they Ihall be put to Death." This is 
agreeable to the thirteenth and fixth, feventeenth 
and fecond of Deuteronomy, and Exodus the 
twenty-iecond and twentieth. No Perfon, there- 
fore, could have the Hardihood to open his Mouth 
to queilion fuch a Law. To define what was 
meant by Witchcraft and what were the Attributes 
of a Witch, Refort was probably had to Books on 
Witchcraft, as there does not appear to have been 
any generally fettled Idea or acknowledged Stand- 
ard for Definitions of any Kind, though it is true 
that Dictionaries of the Enghfli Language, or 
rather of many {for there was no Completenefs 
to them) Engliih Words had been publiihed a few 
Years before the great and final Outbreak of 
1692-3. Hence we are told, that People had 
different Opinions about Trials, and Statutes on 
the Subjeft. We are told too, that many faw 
the Danger of Proceeding in Trials of the accufed, 
but that none had the moral Courage to oppofe 
such Proceedings ; for the Few in Authority were 
viewed as infallible by the great Body of the 
People. To deny the Authority of Rulers was 
next to a capital Offence. The Courts did not 



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xxviii Dijfertation. 

have the Sandtion of Lord Chief Jaftice Hale, for 
his Matters of FaB concerning Witches and Witch- 
craft was not printed till 1693, and its Licence is 
dated May i8th of the fame Year. 

It is a pitiful Extenuation of the Adls under 
Conlideration, that they were thofe of pious and 
good People, but there feems to be nothing better 
to offer. That fuch Men as Robert Burton, Lord 
Bacon, and Jofeph Addifon believed in Witchcraft ; 
and that, Sir William Blackftone "quitefrowned" 
on Difbelievers in it,' and that Dr. Samuel Johnfon 
" more than inclined to the fame Side," only proves, 
that however great (in common Eftimation) and 
learned a Man may be, thefe are no Guaranty that 
his Intelledl may not be too fhallow at fome Points 
to afford a Footing for common Senfe. Even the 
great Sir Ifaac Newton, although he may not have 
come in Contadt with -Witchcraft, was as fuperfti- 
tioufly inclined as many other great Minds of the 
Time in which he lived. Perhaps he might fafely 
be clalTed with the learned Cudworth, with his 



I Judge Bkckftone's Opinion, as that havinga Bill, theGenuinenefsof 

^ven in hia Commentaries (iv, 60, which he was unable to deiermine, 

ed. 1775), on the Laws of Eng- tookit Co theGeneral togethisOpin- 

" landamouncs toaboucasmuehasdid ion. After confiderable Scrutiny, 

thai of Gen. Jackfon, as to the Gen- the Sage replied, that he thought it 

uincnefs of a Bank Note, as rolaied by was about middling ! 
Major Downing. The Major states 



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Dijfertation. xxix 

three kinds of Fatalifm, who maintained that thofe 
that did not believe in the Exiftence of Witchcraft 
were Atheifts. But they lived in Times when the 
abfurd Opinion prevailed, that Beliefs were fub- 
ject to the Bidding of thofe in Authority; and to 
this Day, wherever the Minds of the People are 
under thefe Shackles, human Progrefs is kept in 
Abeyance. 

The DeluJion was not confined to any particular 
Sect in Religion, but it prevailed about equally 
among Catholicks, Proteftants, and the Aborigines 
of all Countries. It is probable, however, as is 
elfewhere remarked, that it flourifhed moft where 
Ignorance prevailed, to the greateft Degree. 

It is faid, that after the famous Bull of Pope 
Innocent the VIII, in 1484, dooming Witches to 
Death, the Numbers that fuffered furpalTes all ra- 
tional Belief. It became a Reign of Terror in 
every Land. None were iafe, but every Moment 
of their Lives were liable to be feized and hurried 
before Judges, and the vileft Fi(3;ions given in and 
received for Evidence ; all of which, by calm and 
rational Inveftigation, would generally be found to 
have had its Origin in fome private and childifh 
Quarrels among Neighbours, or in the Brain of 
fome Individuals whofe Reafon had been wrecked 



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XXX Dijfertation. 

by Caufes beyond the Power of thofe profeffing 
"Chirurgery" to underfland. 

But whoever has attended at all to the Hiilory 
of the Progrefs of human Intelligence, knows that 
no Sedtion of Country can claim an Exemption 
from having been, at fome Time, under the hu- 
miliating and combined Powers of Ignorance and 
Superilition. Yet, as Communities advanced into 
the dim Light of Knowledge, fome came accident- 
ally in Advance of others. If this Advance hap- 
pened to be owing to Circumftances not controlled 
by fuperior intelled:ual Endowments, it would Ihow 
a Want of Civility for the more fortunate to taunt 
the lefs fo by Flings to remind them of a former 
degraded Condition, from which themfelves had 
juft emerged. We remark this, becaufe many 
Writers and Speakers refer to the Delufions of 
1692, and 1693 as though they were the firft, laft 
and only ones ever known in all the World. 
Hence many imagine that Salem was worfe than 
Sodom ; while the Truth is, the mournful Calamity 
of Witchcraft neither began nor ended at Salem. 

Some of the fame Clafs of Writers of the prefent 
Day, if not iniidioufly, ignorantly fpeak of 
"Witchcraft among the Puritans," as though it 
was Something peculiar to that Sed:; although 



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Differtation. xxxi 

they may not intend to give that Impreffion, It 
will neverthelefs be inferred by cafual and fuper- 
ficial Readers. It ihould be expreffly ftated that 
the Delufion came to an End only by the Light 
fent forth by that much abufed Denomination. 

It is not a Cuftom among the moft enUghtened 
to harp and ring Changes upon Puritans and 
Witchcraft. It favors of the Times fucceeding 
the Reftoration of the Stuarts, in the Perfon of 
Charles the Second. Writers then pointed to the 
Cromwellian Period as that in which Witchcraft 
flourithed more than ever before, which only be- 
trayed their Ignorance of its previous Hiftory.' 

The amiable and excellent Dwight remarks 
to fuch as are here fpoken of, " the early Settlers of 
New England have been accufed of Superftition. 
In fome Degree juftly. To what Nation is it not 
applicable? Their Defcendants hung the Witches 
at Salem, and for this Condud: merited the fever- 
eft: Cenfure. Still the New England People were 
as little ftained with this Guilt, as thofe who with 
as little Indecency exult over their Faults and Er- 
rors."^ It might be well to inquire what Clafs of 

iSycophantickandbigotedLloyd, cans. — Stale Worthies, Page Z09 
gives Currency to a Story about ihe edition 1668. 
Declaration of a Witch, in Favour 

of ihe Proceedings of the Republi- ^ Travels in New England, I, 
13S- 



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xxxii Dijfertation. 

People it was who "indecently" exulted over the 
Faults and Errors of the Puritans of New England? 
That Queftion has been anfwered fo triumphantly, 
and handled fo mallerly by the accomplilhed Dr. 
Bacon, that if the Revilers of the Puritans will 
read it with Candour, it would feal their Mouths 
forever.' 

Elaborate "Chronicles" and "Hiftories of New 
England" have been written without noticing the 
Troubles of the People occaiioned by their Su- 
perftition and Belief in an Agency of the Devil. 
As well might a Hiftory of the Country be written 
leaving out what a Belief in Chriftianity has 
done/ And yet, from Intimations like the follow- 
ing, we fee what Terrors our Anceftors lived in, 
and by which their Advance in all intelledtual 
Improvement muft have been greatly impeded: 
" I could with unquejlionabk Evidence relate the 
tragical Deaths of feveral good Men in this Land 
attended with fuch preternatural CircumJiances"T> 
as that of Mr. Philip Smith. 

To thofe who wonder that People ever believed 

1 rUrteen Hiprieal Dijcouffei, we judge by the Abfence of any 
ji &c. Reference to the Subjcft in iheir 

Indexes. 

2 Neither Young nor Palfrej- has 

taken any Notice of Witchcraft, if ■'^ Mathej-, Magnalia. 



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Dijfertation . xxxiii 

in, and profecuted fuppofed Witches in New Eng- 
land, we recommend them to inquire if there be 
not yet thofe labouring under a Superftition them- 
felves, equally reprehenlible for the Times in 
which they live. 

By many it has been urged in Extenuation of 
what was done in New England in Refpe<5t to 
Witchcraft, that it was much worfe in every 
Country of Europe ^t the fame Time and long 
after. Let that Conlideration excufe us as far as 
it may; while the Confolation thus afforded is the 
fame as in a Cafe of Lofs to a Man who had 
learned that his Neighbour had been equally un- 
fortunate; or, to confole ourfelves we had found 
out that Ignorance and Superftition prevailed to as 
great, if not in a greater Degree, in Europe, than 
in New England. Thus Dr. Cotton Mather 
brings forward feveral Cafes of European Witch- 
craft as a Sort of Palliative for thofe in this 
Country. Certainly if European Examples are 
any Excufe we have enough of them. For the 
Remark of Hutchinfon will, on Examination be 
found to be true, namely, that "more had been 
put to Death in a fmgle County in England, in a 
(hort Space of Time, than have fuffered in all 
E 



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xxxiv Dijfertation. 

New England from the firfl Settlement to his 
Time." 

No Matter what has been done elfewhere. It 
excufes us in the fame Way as we are excufed for 
having Progenitors, born in a Country where 
it was Infidelity not to beheve in Witchcraft. 
Viewing the Matter in this Light, we find a weftern 
Bifhop indulging in Sentiments Hkethefe: "We 
can fcarcely even guefs, why it was that the 
Witches took fo remarkable a Fancy to the early 
Yankees. Whether it was that there was fome 
fecret Congeniality of Feeling between the two, 
or that the Devil envied, and fought to mar by 
his diabolical Incantations; the extraordinary Sanc- 
tity of the Pilgrim Fathers, we know not." Then, 
after copious Extradls from that Part of Dr. 
Mather's Magnalta devoted to Witchcraft, this 
model Bifliop flippantly, and doubtlefs fatisfadto- 
rily to himfelf, proceeds: "Verily, if all thefe 
Things be true, we muft admit that the Demons 
were particularly intimate with the early Puritans 
of New England; rather more, in Fad:, than was 
at all comfortable for the Latter. Shrewd and 
calculating as were the early Yankees, the Imps 
who played fuch fantaflick Tricks among them, 
were much Ihrewder. The invifible Spirits knew 



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Differ tation. xxxv 

their Trade much better than to try wooden Hams 
or Nutmegs, or to attempt the impoffible Tafk of 
overreaching their Friends in a Bargain." 

When fuch are the Inculcations of a fouth-weft- 
ern Head of the Church, we ought not to expefl; 
Anything but ruffianly Treatment when any of 
us of New England happen to travel into that 
Region. We are forry to obferve that this Bilhop 
bears a New England Surname, yet he may never 
have feen the Country of which he fo fneeringly 
fpeaks, while he may know by this Time, that to 
fuch Apojlks as he, is mainly attributable the 
bloody Scenes of a four years' Rebellion. 

It is not fo ftrange that ignorant People (hould 
be found even in great Cities wallowing in Super- 
llition, and believing in the Reality of Witchcraft; 
but that Men accuftomed to literary Society iliould 
be the Dupes of fuch Abfurdities amidft the 
Means of daily Improvement, is not fo eafily 
comprehended. 

In all Periods of Hiftory have appeared Prophets, 
or Pretenders to the Ability to foretell future 
Events. As Witches were fuppofed to be able to 
do this they too were Prophets; but to the Ap- 
prehenfion of feniible People of this Age, there 
are few more contemptible Beings than thofe who 



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xxxvi Dijfertation. 

are going about prating of an approaching Mil- 
lennium, pretending to fix the Date when Chrift 
is to make his Appearance. Illiterate People, like 
the late William Miller, who have fcarcely read 
Anything except the Bible, may claim fome 
Excufe for not knowing how many have, from 
aEiual Calculations, fixed upon the precife Day 
and even Hour of that Event. It would feem, that 
if thefe millennium Quacks Ihould once fee a 
Catalogue of thofe Prophecies, and learn the 
Confidence with which they were put forth, and 
that their Calculations were as well grounded as 
any that can in Reafon be made, from the Premifes 
made Ufe of, the World might in Future be relieved 
from the Infliftion of Floods of ///-literature upon 
this Subjedl. But, as though Mankind had learned 
Nothing from the Paft in this Refpedl, we fee the 
Prefs teeming with millennium humbug Pamph- 
lets even to our own Times. And however 
this may be viewed. It is only a Branch of that 
Superftition, out of which Witchcraft is another 
and perhaps earlier Branch. 

Great Pains have been taken to explain away 
the Devil out of the New Teftament, by Attempts 
to prove that the plainell Language is, and always 
has been mifunderflood. When to Perfons of 



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Dijfertatton. xxxvii 

ordinary common Senfe it is perfeftly dear, that if 
what is written and received as the Word of God 
means Anything it means what it fays. Neverthe- 
lefs we meet with feme moil ingenious and learned 
Arguments, turning all Paffages where the Devil 
figures into Allegories, while they do not meddle 
with Witches/ 

The eminent Dr. Lardner has proved to the 
Satisfadiion of Thoufands that the New Teftament 
is full of Fafts fuftaining the Words of thofe 
Books as they ftand, literally/ Befides, every good 
Lutheran believes in the perfonal Encounter the 
old Saint of Erfurth had with the Devil on a cer- 
tain Occafion. And one much nearer the Time 
of the Event than we are fays : 

"Did not the Devil appear to Martin 
Luther in Germany, for certain? 
And would have guU'd him with a Trick, 
But Mart, was too, too politick?" 

Thus verifying to his early Friends, {the Cath- 
olicks), their old Proverb, "that a young Saint will 
prove an old Devil." Yet, one of our early New 
England Divines believed with Erafmus, who faid 
"the Devil was the Author of that Proverb."^ 

1 The Rev. M. C. Conway's '■> See Dr. I. Mathei-'s EUakn 

Natural Hiftory cf the Devil. Sermon, 16^7, P. loi. 



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xxxviii Dijjertation. 

The Undertaking would be by no Means in- 
coniiderable, to collect even the Titles of Works 
on the SubjeiS of Witchcraft, without including 
thofe of our own Times. For the laft half Century 
they have been iffued generally as Novels, but 
fome of them fo artfully that many have doubtlefs 
taken them for Realities. Here is a Specimen : 
The Phantom World, tranjlated from the French 
of Calmet, with a Preface and Notes by \the'\ Rev. 
Henry Chrijimas ; giving a general Survey of the 
Hijlory and Philofophy of Spirits, Ghojis, Ehes, 
Fairies, Spooks, Bogles, Bugaboos, and Hobgoblins. 
Upon this Title one, a Writer in a popular 
Work, remarked : " It will probably meet with 
an extenfive Circulation, in thefe Days when 
Connecticut Divines are haunted by infernal Vifits, 
and the Rochefter Sibyls are on Exhibition in 
New York." 

When the above Announcement was made, 
about eighteen Years ago, the Farce of Spirit-rap- 
pings and Table-turnings was at its Height; and it 
was reported, with what of Truth we cannot fay, 
that a Number of Believers in thefe "fpiritual 
Manifeftations " had formed a Settlement at a Place 
called Mountain Cave, in Fayette County in 
Virginia, having purchafed fourteen thoufand 



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Dijfertation. xxxix 

Dollars' Worth of farming Lands thereabouts, and 
that Families were being added to the firfl 
Adventurers which had previoufly refided at Au- 
burn in New York. They carried on the Iffue of 
Newfpapers, the Writings in which were "the 
Diiftation of the Spirits." Whether this Com- 
munity was in Exiftence in the Time of the late 
Rebellion, we have not heard. This is introduced 
as another Illuftration of what has been often 
afferted, that there is Nothing too abfurd or ridicu- 
lous, where Myflery hes at the Bottom, to obtain 
devoted Followers. About the Time this Colony 
of Spiritual Rappers was formed, fome waggifh 
Editor remarked: "Somewhere in Virginia, is a 
Place called Mountain Cave, where Spiritual Rap- 
pers have colonized in large Numbers and ftarted a 
Paper. The Covies, fays the New York Dutch- 
man, have bored a Hole down through this poor 
contemptible Hemifphere and can fee clean into 
the next World." 

Having become tired of the old Notions of 
Revelation taught them by their Anceftors, new 
Theories are invented. Thofe find Followers for 
a Time, and are then fucceeded by others ; which, 
though equally fhallow and abfurd, have their 
Followers; and thus it will probably always be. 



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xl Dijfertation, 

becaufe all People are born in Ignorance and have 
Everything to learn. 

The Thoufands, if not Millions of Volumes 
which have been written and circulated for the 
Enlightenment of the ignorant World regarding 
a future State and Things appertaining thereto 
cannot but be immeafurably bewildering to all 
thofe who are inclined to confult them for the 
kind of Information moil interefting, and in their 
Opinion, moft important to them. Nor will it 
ever be otherwife fo long as the Writers of fuch 
Works as we refer to bafe all their crude Argu- 
ments on falfe Foundations, or rather on no 
Foundation at all. With this Clafs of Writers it 
makes no Difference how often their Foundations 
have been fliown to be falfe, they have no Will to 
defert them. They begin and end their Labours 
on Affumption. To explain away Witches from 
the Bible has occupied Pens which fhould have 
been better employed. The fame may be faid of 
thofe who have attempted to argue the Devil out 
of the New Teftament. The elegant Style of 
Lardner has effe<5}:ed Nothing but an Exhibition 
of fine Writing. His lateft Imitators will foon 
be forgotten, though fome of them may have been 
read on Account of the Singularity of their Subjeft. 



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Dijfertation. xli 

One who wrote anonymoully, and publiflied his 
"Eflay" in 1833, among feme seniible Remarks 
has this: "Thole who think that Demoniacks 
were adlually tortured by the Devil — that he 
brought Diforders upon them — threw them 
down— prevented them from fpeaking, hearing, 
and feeing, generally fay it was Something peculiar 
to that Age," &c. To which this Effayift very 
fignificantly inquires, why it was that the Devil 
always threw his Vidtims down, and never threw 
them up? There was publifhed the previous 
Year an Effay on the Demoniacs of the New Tejla- 
ment, accompanied by the well known Initials of 
E. S. G. In this there is fuch a nice balancing 
of fyllogiftick Ideas, that a common Mind may 
find itfelf bewildered and in ferious Doubt whether 
the Writer does really mean Anything. 

In an Attempt to controvert the Theories of 
modern Spiritualifts, a Preacher tells us that 
"what was Falfehood and Impofture in the Days 
of the Hebrew Commonwealth, has not become 
by the mere Lapfe of Time, a great and beneficent 
Difcovery, opening new Fountains of Knowledge," 
At the fame Time he tells us that Spiritualifm 
"is a Branch of the Art of Divination pradtifed 
in the Old World from Time Immemorial." 
F 



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xlii Dijfertation. 

But it is better to give Things their real Names. 
It is not eafy to diftinguifh between a Branch of 
this Kind and the Tree itfelf. The Truth feems 
to be, that the Witchcraft of former Days had 
become fo unpopular, that it could not be made 
any longer to fubferve the Interefts of thofe who 
pradtifed it. Hence it is given a new Name, and 
yet retains the fame Myftery of Development. 

Fortune-telling is as much a Branch of Witch- 
craft as Spirit-rapping, Table-turning, or any 
other of the "occult Sciences." Thefe are the 
legitimate Progenitors of Ghofls or Apparitions. 
It would not require a very dark Night to produce 
fhefe Speiflres in the Imagination of thofe return- 
ing from a Vifit to a Fortune-teller, or by pafling 
the filent and lonely Church-yard. How woe- 
fully did our Quaker Poet err, when he fancied 
he was finging a Requiem over the laft Witch 
of his native Land in thefe Lines: — 

"How has New England's Romance fled, 

Even as a Viiion of the Morning! 
Its Rites foregone — its Guardians dead — 
Its Altar-fires extinguiflied — 
Its Prieftefles, bereft of Dread, 

Waking the vericft Urchins fcorning! 
No more along the fliadowy Glen, 
Glide the dim Ghofts of murdered Men, — 



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Differtation, xliii 

No more the Unquiet Church-yard Dead, 
Glimpfe upward from their turfy Bed, 

Startling the Traveller, late and loane; 
As, on fome Night of cloudy Weather, 
They commune filently together, 

Each fitting on his own Head-ftone ! 
The rooflefs Houfe, decayed, deferted, 
Its living Tenants all departed, 
No longer rings with Midnight Revel, 
Of Witch, or Ghoft, or Goblin evil; 
No hellifli Flame fends out its Flaflies 
Through creviced Roof and fliattered SaJhes! — 
The Witch-grafs round the Hazel spring. 
May fliarply to the night Air sing. 
But there no more Ihall withered Hags 
Refrefli at Eafe their Broomftick Nags i 
Or tafte thofe haze 1-fliado wed Waters 
As Beverage meet for Satan's Daughters ; 
No more their mimick Tones be heard — 
The Mew of Cat — the Chirp of Bird, 
Shrill blending with the hoarfer Laughter 
Of the fell Demon following after," 

We fay how egregioufly he erred in fuppofing 
that "New England Romance had fled!" thirty- 
feven Years ago, becauie he muft have known 
that haunted Houfes exifted and Ghofts flitted 
about as they lifted in the very Borders of the 
great Metropolis near the prefent Time; that 
within a Year, many, perhaps feveral thoufands, 
went out of this City of Bofton to fee a haunted 



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xliv Dijfertation. 

Houfe in the Vicinity. Whether, as they ap- 
proached the Place, the Hairs of their Heads ftood 
eredl, their Teeth chattered, and their Knees 
fmote together, we cannot fay, but fome of them 
returned with myfterious Countenances, and it 
was many Days before they were willing to give 
up the Idea that they did not come very near 
feeing a Nonentity. About the fame Time, Ghofts 
were having a brave Time at Fort Warren down 
in the Harbour, according to Reports current in 
the City. Many Perfons, it is faid, went down 
towards the Ifland on which the Fort is fituated, 
but probably had not the Courage to land, as they 
made no Report afterwards. 

The Reader ihould now be informed that the 
poetical Extrad: foregoing is from a Poem com- 
memorative of as great and notorious a Witch as 
any that can be found defcribed in the Annals of 
Witchcraft ; and that we are indebted to the 
Bard of Lynn for a graphic Outline of her real 
Hiftory. But the Reader fhould be reminded 
that the amiable and excellent Author of that 
Work was hirafelf a Poet, and that it is poiBble 
that his Account may have a Tinge of Poetry, 
or be a little bordering on Romance. With this 
Premonition it Ihall follow in his own Words : 



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Differtation. xlv 

"The celebrated Mary Pitcher, a profeffed 
Fortune-teller, died April 9th, 181 3, aged 75. 
Her Grandfather, John Dimond, lived at Mar- 
blehead, and for many Years exercifed the fame 
Preteniions. Her Father, Capt. John Dimond, 
was Mafter of a Veflel from that Place, and was 
living in 1770. Mary Dimond was born in the 
Year 1738. She was connected with fome of the 
bell Families in ElTex County, and with the 
Exception of her extraordinary Preteniions, there 
was Nothing difreputable in her Life or Charac- 
ter. She was of the medium Height and Size 
for a Woman, with a good Form and agreeable 
Manners. Her Head, phrenologically confid- 
ered, was fomewhat capacious; her Forehead 
broad and full, her Hair dark Brown, her Nofe 
inclining to long, and her Face pale and thin. 
There was nothing grofs or fenfual in her Appear- 
ance — her Countenance was rather Intelleftual ; 
and fhe had that Contour of Face and Expreffion 
which, without being pofitively beautiful Is, never- 
thelefs, decidedly interefting — a thoughtful, pen- 
five, and fometimes downcaft Look, alraoft 
approaching to Melancholy — an Eye, when it 
looked at you, of calm and keen Penetration-— 
and an Expreffion of intelligent Difcernment, 



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xlvi Dijfertation. 

half mingled with a Glance of Shrewdnefs. She 
took a poor Man for a Huiband, and then adopted 
what Ihe Doubtlefs thought the harmlefs Employ- 
ment of Fortune-telling, in Order to fupport her 
Children. In this Ihe was probably more fucceff- 
ful than Ihe herfelf had anticipated; and flie 
became celebrated, not only throughout America, 
but throughout the World, for her Skill. There 
was no Port on either Continent, where floated the 
Flag of an American Ship, that had not heard of 
the Fame of Moll Pitcher. To her came the 
Rich and the Poor — the Wife and the Ignor- 
ant—the Accomplifhed and the Vulgar — the 
Timid and the Brave. The ignorant Sailor, who 
believed in the Omens and Dreams of Superftition, 
and the intelligent Merchant, whofe Ships were 
freighted for diftant Lands, alike fought her 
Dwelling; and many a VelTel has been deferted 
by its Crew, and waited idly at the Wharves, 
for Weeks, in Confequence of her unlucky Pre- 
dictions. Many Perfons came from Places far 
remote, to confult her on Affairs of Love or Loss 
of Property ; or to obtain her Surmifes refpecting 
the Viciffitudes of their future Fortune. Every 
Youth, who was not aflhred of the reciprocal Af- 
fediion of his fair one, and every Maid who was 



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Dijfertation. xlvii 

defirous of anticipating the Hour of her higheft 
Felicity, repaired at Evening to her humble 
Dwelling, which ftood on what was then a lonely 
Road, near the Foot of High Rock, with the 
fingle Dwelling of Dr. Henry Burchard nearly 
oppofite; over whofe Gateway were the two 
Bones of a great Whale, difpofed in the Form of 
a Gothic Arch. There for more than fifty Years, 
in her unpretending Manfion, did {he anfwer the 
Inquiries of the fimple Ruftic from the Wilds of 
New Hampshire, and the wealthy Noble from 
Europe; and, doubtlefs her Predidrions have had 
an Influence in fliaping the Fortunes of Thou- 
fands." 

This is a Sketch drawn from Life. Mr. Lewis 
remembered Mary Pitcher well, for he lived 
near her, and was eighteen Years of Age when 
fhe died. " Her Hulband was a Shoemaker 
named Robert Pitcher, to whom fhe was married 
October 2d, 1760, of Courfe at the Age of twenty- 
two. She had one Son, John, and three Daugh- 
ters, Rebecca, Ruth, and Lydia, who married 
'refpedably, and fome of her Defcendants are 
among the prettieft young Ladies of Lynn."' 

I Mr. Nbwkall in his valuable graph of Mary Pitcher, and an 
Additions to ihe Hiftorj' of Lynn Engraving of the Houfe in whieii 
has pven a Fac Simile of the Auto- flie lived. 



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xlviii Dijfertation. 

Another, one of New England's elegant Writers, 
who alio knew the celebrated Mary Pitcher, has 
left the following Note upon her: "She was 
fo well known to moft Perfons, that their Re- 
collections will be better than any Defcription. 
She had thin Lips, the arched Eyebrows, the 
chappy Finger, and that Shrewdnefs which have 
fo often been the Chara<rteriftics of thofe who have 
deceived the World by pretending to tell For- 
tunes, or to find loft Goods. It can do no Harm 
to amufe ourfelves by the Hiftory of any Delufion 
when it has paffed. The Age of Reafon has come, 
and Superftition is now ihaking from her Raven 
Wings the laft Dewdrops fwept from the Fens 
of Ignorance, and the Light of Knowledge has 
broken the Enchanter's Wand and the Sorcerer's 
Cup." ' 

Had this excellent Writer lived thirty Years 
later he would have found that Something of the 
Wand Kind has been more active than ever, and 
that the Wand of the Spirit- Rapper is far in 
advance of that of the Conjuror of his Time. 
They hold Communion with the Dead and lead 
captive the ftrong minded living of our Day. 
Alas for the Age of Reafon! It is in Profpeift 

1 Samuel L. Knapp in 1825. 



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Differ tat ion. xlix 

like that glorious funny Point called the Well, 
which when reached is no longer there, but be- 
comes the oppofite — the Eaft. 

Notwith Handing the great Fame of Moll 
Pitcher, there was another Female quite as noto- 
rious and contemporary with her, refiding in 
Newburyport, and therefore better known per- 
haps to Mr. Knapp than the Former. This 
Woman would probably have rivalled Mary in 
Fame, had flie refided as near Bofton. Of that, 
however, the Reader can judge, after the Perufal 
of what Mr. Knapp has left us. He fays : " The 
Writer remembers, in his fliort Life, three Per- 
fons, not only reputed, as many more have been, 
but abfolutely believed by a great Portion of the 
Credulous, to have pradtifed the Arts of Witch- 
craft. The firfl: lived in Newburyport. She 
was a Woman of extraordinary Appearance — 
(he was fhort, but ftout ; had a ilrongly marked 
Face, large greenilh Eyes, prominent Nofe, and 
a large Mouth, with a perfedl Set of double Teeth 
all around. Her Voice was ftentorian. She 
came to Newburyport in 1759 or 60, and was 
probably the Appendage of a Scotch Officer in 
Amherll's Army. Her Acquirements and her 
Addrefs were fuch that Ihe at once obtained a 
G 



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1 Dijfertation. 

School, and received the honourable Appellation 
of Dame Hooper, and afterwards that of Madam 
Hooper. Her Temper was exceffively irrafcible, 
and being rather reftive under fuch Confinement, 
fhe gave up her School, after fhe had formed a 
thorough Acquaintance with the People. Her 
GuelTes were often fo fhrewd that feme began to 
ftare, and at length, as the Wonders of her Skill 
increafed, pronounced her a Witch. This Charac- 
ter being once fixed, llie availed herfelf of the 
Belief, to live upon the Credulity of the Publick. 
The beft informed felt no Deiire to quarrel with 
her, and others often propitiated her good Will 
with Prefents. She had Accefs to every Ploufe, and 
made frequent Viiits to numerous Families. The 
Children bowed to her Divinity as (he entered 
the Houfe of their Parents, and flie being well 
informed, aftonifhed them with fage Remarks. 
She was the moft acute Phyfiognomift I ever faw, 
and read the Character even of a Child at a 
Glance. Her Speeches were Ihort, striking, and, 
like thofe of the Sybil, generally equivocal. An 
hundred of them are freili in my Memory at this 
Moment, and are quite equal to thofe left us from 
the ancient Oracles. She told Fortunes, found 
loil; Goods, and was confulted on other Subjedls 



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Dijfertation. li 

with Gravity, by the fober part of the Commu- 
nity. In her latter Days ihe degenerated from 
her high Standing, and became not only a For- 
tune- Teller, but fomething lower, in the Eftima- 
tion of many; yet, fuch was the Fear of this 
Woman, that the grave Fathers of the Town, 
quick fcented, and unequalled in their Exertions 
to exterminate Vice, did not dare interfere with 
her. The Orgies of Bacchus and Venus were 
celebrated in her Den, without the llightefl Fear 
of Detedtion or Punifhment. It is true her 
Habitation was on the fartheil Verge of the 
Town, and where her Bacchantes could not dlf- 
turb many. Boys ran paft her Houfe, if obliged 
to go that Way in the Evening, without looking 
about them. Old Age at length came upon her, 
and her flirewd Guefles no longer palTed for Fore- 
knowledge. Many who had often confulted her, 
and believed in her Power, now thought her 
League with the Devil had run out — that (he 
was a miferable Wretch, polluted by infernal Af- 
fociates, without retaining a Particle of their ac- 
curfed Knowledge. None but Hags came near 
her, and ilie expired on a Bed oi filthy Straw. 
The Wardrobe Ihe poiTelTed on her Arrival, was 
fo abundant as to have lafted during her Life." 



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lii Dijfertation. 

Our Author extra<fls Edmund Spenfer's De- 
fcrlption of the Abode of a Witch/ in fpeaking 
of another Woman, who in her Time paiTed cur- 
rent for a Witch. This was one "Mother Dan- 
forth." But where the "gloomy, hollow Glen" 
was containing her Cottage he does not inform 
us; but fays, "This harmlefs old Woman was 
often charged with afflidting Men, Women and 
Children, and playing off her Pranks upon 
Horfes, Cattle, Sheep, and above all on Cats. 
The beft authenticated Stories were told of her 
being feen in the Air on a Broomftick, and hold- 
ing a Sabbath, with others of her Race, in a defo- 
late Ifland. Mother Danforth was the Leader of 
the frightful Band. None of thofe Experiments 
which often fent lefs careful Witches to their 
long Account, ever reached her- — -ihe was Proof 
againft every witch-killing Procefs; fhe had been 
(hot at in the Form of a Cat, with lilver Bullets, 
but all to no Effed:." 

But the Author of this Extradt does not tell 
what became of Mother Danforth. She no 
doubt died a natural Death, as thoufands of other 
aged Females have in various Parts of the Coun- 

' See The Witchcrft Delufion in N. Eng., 1, xlix. 



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Differ tation. Hii 

try. The Writer is not as old as he from whom 
the above Extradls are made, but it was his For- 
tune in Youth to be acquainted in many Towns, 
in nearly all of which there was a reputed Witch. 
In one in particular, a Daughter-in-law fuftained 
the Belief of her Neighbours that her Mother-in- 
law was a Witch, that Ihe was known to have been 
abfent at Nights attending Witch-Meetings; that 
fhe had been rid by her and exhibited her worn 
Hands, though when rid fhe was turned into a 
Horfe, At the fame Time it was well known 
that the old Mother-in-law had been bed-rid 
many Years, and had not for a long Time left her 
Bed without AlTiftance! 



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ANNALS OF 

Waitcljcraft in ^eto Cnslanti, 



AWS again ft Witch- 
^ craft naturally grew 
I out of a Demand by the 
People "fef a Remedy for 
that particular Evil. That 
It was a fancied or imagin- 
I ary Evil made no Diffe- 
rence. Thefe Laws gradu- 
ally dropped out of the 
btatute Books, as the Peo- 
ple became enlightened; 
and fo it was with many 
other Laws, enadted in 
ibout as much Darknefs as were 
' thole againft: Witchcraft. But with 
thefe^lome of which difgrace the 
Statute Books of the prefent Day — we 
now have Nothing to do. 




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56 Annals of Witchcraft 1636-4.6 

1636. 

The People of Plymouth had been difturbed 
by Witches doubtlefs before the Year 1636, or 
they would not have, in that Year, included in 
their Summary of Offences "lyable to Death," 
one in thefe words :—" Solemn Compaction or 
converfing with the Divell by way of Witchcraft, 
Conjuration or the hke." Ten Years later it was 
reenafted, yet no Intimation is found in the 'Re- 
cords that any new Caufe had tranfpired. 

1642. 

There does not appear to have been any par- 
ticular Caufe for including Witchcraft among the 
capital Offences at this Period in the Colony of 
Connecticut ; but as they drew their Capital Code 
from the Bible, it was necelTarily included, and 
in thefe words: — "Yf any Man or Woman be a 
Witch, that is, hath or confulteth with a Familiar 
Spirit, they fhall be put to death." The Colony 
of MalTachufetts had the previous Year adopted 
the Body of Liberties, which contains the fame 
Claufe concerning Witches and Witchcraft. 

1646. 

The Law againft Witchcraft, enafted In 1642, 
is reenatSted, and we do not find any Alteration or 
Reenaftment until October, 1692. Up to this 
Time Proceedings in Cafes of Witchcraft were 
"according to the Directions given in the Laws 



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164.7 ^'^ New England. 57 

of God and the wholefome Statutes of the EngUfli 
Nation." But upon the Opening of the Tra- 
gedy in Salem Village, in the Beginning of 1692, 
the old Enaftments were thought Infufficient, and 
a new and more verbofe one was drawn up and 
paifed ' by the General Court, the Governour and 
Council having in the mean Tirne requeued the 
Opinion of feveral of the principal Minifters upon 
the State of Things as they then ftood, according 
to the Practice under the old Charter. Their 
Opinion was given in Writing, and conlifted of 
eight Articles, which may be read in the Hiftory 
of Majfachufetts.^ 

A Perfon of Windfor was put to Death on the 
Charge of Witchcraft at Hartford. No Clrcum- 
ftances have been found, nor the Name of the 
Sutferer.' 

1647. 

What had influenced the People of Rhode 
Ifland to caufe the General Court of that Colony 
to make the following Enatflment, does not ap- 
pear. In the A£ts of May of the Year 1647, we 
find "Witchcraft is forbidden by this prefent Af- 
ifembly to be ufed in this Colonic; and the Penal- 
tie impofed by the Authoritie that we are fubjed: 

1 See Dane's C^drWz-j flsa' i^EP/, ton Mailier. But Mather, in his 

735. SFarwith Calef, fays, "it was ray 

pbor Hand which drew up that 

^ Hutchinfon. II, 50, 51, who Advice." — Some Few Remarks, i^. 
does not appear to liave known 
that it was eompofed by Dr. Cot- ^ Winthrop, Journal, 11, 307. 

H 



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58 Annals of Witchcraft 164.8 

to, is Felonie of Death." It is probable that 
Somebody had been "ufmg" it, or their Inten- 
tions to do fo were ftrongly fufpedted. 

1648. 

The firft Execution for Witchcraft in the Co- 
lony of Maffachufetts Bay, was at Bofton on the 
15th of June, 1648. Accufations were probably 
common long before this, but now came a tan- 
gible Cafe, and it was carried through with as 
much Satisfaction to the Authorities, apparently, 
as ever the Indians burnt a Prifoner at the Stake. 

The Vidtim was a Female named Margaret 
Jones, the Wife of Thomas Jones of Charlef- 
town, who perifhed on the Gallows, as much fof 
her good Offices, as for the evil Influences im- 
puted to her. She had been, like many other 
Mothers among the early Settlers, a Phyfician ; 
but being once fufpetSed of Witchcraft, " was 
found to have fuch a malignant Touch, as many 
Perfonswere taken with Deafnefs, or Vomiting, 
or other violent Pains or Sicknefs." Her Medi- 
cines, though harmlefs in themfelves, "yet had 
extraordinary violent Effedls;" that fuch as re- 
fufed her Medicines, "flie would tell that they 
would never be healed, and accordingly their 
Difeafes and Hurts continued, with Relapfe 
againft the ordinary Courfe, and beyond the Ap- 
prehenlion of all Phyficians and Surgeons." And, 
as fhe' lay in Prifon, "a little Child was feen to 
run from her into another Room, and being fol- 



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1648 in New England. 59 

lowed by an Officer, it was vaniflied." There 
was other Teftimony againft her more ridiculous 
than this, but not neceffary to be recited. To 
make her Cafe as bad as poffible, the Recorder of 
it fays "her Behaviour at her Trial was intempe- 
rate, lying notorioully, and railing upon the Jury 
and WitnelTes," and that "in like Diftemper fhe 
died." It is not unlikely that this poor forfaken 
Woman was diftrafted with Indignation at the 
Utterances of the falfe WitnelTes, when fhe faw 
her Life was fworn away by them. The de- 
luded Court denounced herfrantick Denial of the 
Charges as " lying notorioufly." And in the 
probably honeft Belief in Witchcraft, the same 
Recorder' fays, in the moit complacent Credulity, 
that "the fame Day and Hour fhe was executed, 
there was a very great Tempeft at Connecticut, 
which blew down many Trees, &c." Another 
equally credulous Gentleman, writing a Letter to 
a Friend, dated at Boflon on the 1 3th of the 
fame Month, fays : " The Witche is condemned, 
and to be hanged Tomorrow, being Lecture 
Day." 

Whether there were auy other fufpeited Per- 
fons at the time Margaret Jones was profecuted, 
we have no Means of afcertaining, yet it Is more 
than probable that a fuppofed Spirit of Darknefs 
had been whlfpering in the Ears of the Men in 
Authority In Boflon; for about a Month before 
the Execution of Margaret, they paffed this Order : 

' John Winthrop. 



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6o Annals of Witchcraft 1648 

*' The Courte delire the Courfe which hath been 
taken in England for Difcovery of Witches, by 
watching them a certain Time. It is ordered, 
that the beft and fureft Way may forthwith be 
put in Practice ; to begin this Night, if it may 
be, being the i8th of the third Month, and that 
the Hufband may be confined to a private Roome, 
and be alfo then watched." 

That the Court was ftirred up to ferret out 
Witches, by the late Succeffes in that Bufinefs in 
England,— feveral Perfons having been tried, con- 
demned and executed in Feveriham about two 
Years before^ is not improbable. By "the 
Courfe which hath been taken in England for the 
Difcovery of Witches," the Court had Reference 
to the Employment of Witch-Finders, one 
Matthew Hopkins having had great Succefs. By 
his infernal Pretentions " fome fcores " of inno- 
cent bewildered People met violent Deaths at the 
Hands of the Executioner, all along from 1634 
to 1646. But to return to the Cafe of Margaret 
Jones. She having gone down to an ignominious 
Grave, leaving her Hulband to fuffer the Taunts 
and Jeers of the ignorant Multitude, efcaped 
further Profecution. Thefe were fo infutferable 
that his Means of Living were cut off, and he was 
compelled to try to feek anothei- Afylum. A 
Ship was lying in the Harbor bound for Barba- 
does. In this he took Paffage. But he was not 
thus to efcape Perfecution. On this "Ship of 
300 Tons" were eighty Horfes. Thefe caufed 
the Veflel to roll confiderably, perhaps heavily, 



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1648 in New England. 61 

which to Perfons of any Sea Experience would 
have been no Miracle. But Mr. Jones was a 
Witch, a Warrant was fued out for his Apprehen- 
lion, and he was hurried thence to Prifon,' and 
there left by the Recorder of the Account, who 
has left his Readers in Ignorance of what became 
of him. Whether he were the Thomas Joanes 
of Elzing, who in 1637 took PalTage at yarmouth 
for New England, cannot be pofitively ftated, 
although he is probably the fame Perfon. If fo, 
his Age at that Time was 25 Years, and he mar- 
ried liibfequently.* 

To whom is referred In the following PalTage, 
written about 1693, is not clear; "We have 
been advifed by fome credible Chriftians yet 
alive, that a Malefactor, accufed of Witchcraft, 
as well as Murder, and executed in this Place 
more than forty Years ago, did then give Notice 
of an horrible PLOT againlt the Country by 
WITCHCRAFT, and a Foundation of WITCH- 
CRAFT then laid, which, if it were not feafon- 
ably difcovered, would probably blow up and pull 
down all the Churches in the Country. And 
we have with Horror feen the Difcovery of fuch 
a Witchcraft. An Army of Devils is horribly 
broke in upon the Place, which is the Centre, and 
after a Sort, the Firll-born of our Englifli Settle- 
men ts."^ 



1 See Hift. and Antiq's Bofton, 49, 
and Authorities, 308-9. 

3 Wonders of the Invifibk World. 
^ See Founders i>f Neia E 



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62 Annals of Witchcraft 1648 

Mary Johnfon was executed at Hartford for 
Witchcraft. Neither her Trial nor Execution 
appear in the publiihed Records of the General 
Court of Connediicut. She was the fame Perfon, 
it is fuppofed, who at the Auguft Term, 1646, 
the General Court ordered, "for Theuery, is to 
be prefently whipped, and to be brought forth a 
Month hence at Wethersfield, and there whipped." 

About two Years later, namely, December 7th, 
1648, is found the following brief Entry refpedt- 
ing Mary Jonfon, doubtlefs the fame who had 
been ordered to be whipped, as juft mentioned : 
"The Jury finds the Bill of Indltement againft 
Mary Jonifon, that, by her owne Confeffion, £hee 
is guilty of Familiarity with the Deuill." 

Concerning this Cafe, as in many others, we 
have a good deal in Amount, and yet but few 
Fafts; are told that "her Confeffion was attended 
with fuch convidive Circumftances, that it could 
not be flighted." But unfortunately none of the 
conviBive Circumftances are given, that the Read- 
ers might have the Satisfaction of exercifing their 
own Judgement, as to their convi^iivenefs. We 
muft therefore take the only Account we have as 
we find it, feeling that the original Narrator im- 
plicitly believed every Word of it. He fays, 
"very many material Paflages relating to this 
Matter are now loll; but fo much as is well 
known, and can ftill be proved, (hall be inferted. 

"She faid her firft Familiarity with the Devil 
came through Difcontent, and wiftiing the Devil 
to take this and that, and the Devil to do that 



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164-8 in New England. 63 

and t'other Thing. Whereupon a Devil appeared 
unto her, tendring her what Services might beft 
content her. A Devil accordingly did for her 
many Services. Her Mafter blamed her for not 
carrying out the Aihes, and a Devil afterwards 
would clear the Hearth of Afhes for her. Her 
Mailer fending her to drive out the Hogs, that 
fometimes broke into their Field, a Devil would 
fcowre the Hogs away, and make her laugh to 
fee how he feared them. She confeffed that ihe 
bad murdered a Child, and committed Unclean- 
nes both with Men and with Devils. In the 
Time of her Imprifonment, the famous Mr. 
[Samuel] Stone was at great Pains to promote 
her Converlion from the Devil to God." The 
fame Author tells us ihe went out of the World 
with comfortable Hopes, having been by the 
"beft Obfervers judged very Penitent before her 
Execution and at it." 

Thus we are left in utter Ignorance as to what 
was produced againft Mary Johnfon at her Trial, 
if ihe had any. But at the Term of Court be- 
fore mentioned, we find a Lift of the Jury, com- 
pofed of the following Names: "Mr. Phelps, 
John Tailecoate, Will. Wadfworth, Andr. Bacon, 
Sam. Smith, Nath Dickerfon, Thomas Coleman, 
John Demyn, Mr. Clarke, Mr. Allyn, Will. 
Gibbens, John More." Edward Hopkins, Efq., 
was Govesrnour. "Mr. Wells, Mr. Woollcott, 
Mr. Webfler, and Mr. Cullick," were Magif- 
trates." 



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64 Annals of Witchcraft 1 650-1 

1650. 

It is incidentally mentioned by Hutchinfon, 
that no Perfon was convicted for Witchcraft in 
New England, before the Year 1650, "when, a 
poor Wretch, Mary Oliver, probably weary of 
her Life from the general Reputation of being a 
Witch, after long Examination, was brought to 
Confeflion of her Guilt, but I do not find that 
ftie was executed." It would feem from this 
PalTage of the Hiftorian, that he did not confider 
Mary Johnfon to have been convifted, or proba- 
bly he had no Knowledge of her Cafe. 

1651. 

We come now to a Cafe quite as deplorable as 
that of the Year 1648, already confidered. It 
occurred in the Town of Springfield, on the Con- 
netflicut River, and has been feveral Times no- 
ticed by local and other Writers, none of whom, 
however, have given a fatisfactory Account of it, 
becaufe the Materials were unknown to them. 
It is referred to by Capt. Edward Johnfon, in his 
loofe way, in his Wonder Working Providence, 
&c., which brings down his Htjiory of New 
England to 165 1, and was printed in 1654. In 
fpeaking of the Settlement of Springfield he fays : 
"There hath of late been more than one or two 
in this Town, greatly fufpedted of Witchcraft, yet 
have they ufed much Diligence, both for the 
finding them out, and for the Lord's affiflring them 
againll their Witchery ; yet have they, as is fup- 



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1650 in New England. 65 

pofed, bewitched not a few Perfons, among whom 
two of the Reverend Elder's Children." The 
Reverend Elder was Mr. George Moxon, the firft 
Minifter of the Place.' The Author jufl: men- 
tioned is the only one remembered among the 
early New England Writers who notices the 
Witchcraft Troubles at Springfield. Some of 
our own Times relate them, or what they happen 
to know of them, with the fame Feeling, appa- 
rently, as they would relate a nurfery Tale to 
their Children; feeming not to be fenfible of the 
Horrors and Privations fuffered by the Fathers 
and Mothers of the Land, in that dark Period of 
its Hiftory. 

It is quite Evident from Capt. Johnfon's Ac- 
count, that Witchcraft in Springfield was about 
coeval with the firft Settlement of the Place, 
which was in 1636. The Company which made 
the Settlement there was led by Mr. William 
Pynchon, a Gentleman of Learning and Enter- 
prife, and afterwards a Magiftrate. 

According to Captain Johnfon, Witches were 
difturbing the Peace of the People of Springfield 
ten Years before legal Steps were taken to put a 
Stop to them. On whom or how many Suf- 
picions were fixed before Mr. Pynchon felt com- 

1 It is reported that Mary Par- divers devilifli Praftices by Wilch- 

foft was tried, about the End of craft, to the Hurt of iVlartha and 

February (1661) for, as the India- Rcbeca Moxon, againft the Word 

ment runs, that being fedueed by of God, &c, She pleaded not 

the Devil, at Springfield, fhe con- Guilty, and the Court finally dif- 

fulted with a familiar Spirit, making charged her. — See Judd's Hifiery 

a Covenaot with him, and had ufed Hsd/ey, 234. 

I 



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66 Annals of Witchcraft 1650-1 

pelled to fet up his Inquifition> we fhall probably 
never know. Perhaps they were at firft among 
a Clafs of Denizens of too high fecial Standing 
to admit an Interference. But in the latter Part 
of the Year 1650, Sufpicions fell on a Man 
named Hugh Parfons. This Man appears to 
have been one of the firft Settlers of the Town, 
probably went there in Mr. Pynchon's Company. 
He was an honeft, fenfible laboring Man, a Saw- 
yer by Occupation, and it may be well to remark 
that, before Mills were built, the Bufinefs of a 
Sawyer was not inconfiderable, in the then Wild- 
ernefs of New England. After a few Years' 
Refidence at Springfield, Mr. Parfons married a 
young Woman named Mary Lewis. The Mar- 
riage took place Oftober 27th, 1645. Their firft 
Child, at leaft the firft we find recorded, was born 
on the 4th of OtSober, 1649. This Child was 
named Samuel, and it died at the Age of one 
Year. The following Year, on the 26th of Oc- 
tober, they had another, a Son, which they named 
Joftiua. It was foon after the Birth of this Child 
that the Charge of Witchcraft was made againft 
the Father. The Mother's Sicknefs, confequent, 
perhaps, upon the Privations and Hardftiips of a 
Wildernefs, deprived her of Reafon, and the 
Courfe purfued after ftie was thus affliiled, ren- 
dered her permanently infane. This Condition 
was declared to be produced by Witchcraft, and 
the Teftimony of this fick and infane Woman 
was taken as legal Evidence againft her Huftiand, 
and afterwards againft herfelf. Her Illnefs im- 



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165 1 if^ New Efigland, 67 

mediately after the Birth of her Child, was, as 
before remarked, doubtlefs caufed by prematurely 
expofing herfelf, which fo affedled the Health of 
the Child, that it fell into a Languilhment, and 
being deprived of the Care it required, its Death 
followed on the ill: of March, 1651. Where- 
upon the Clamour againft the Father increafed, 
and he was denounced as a Witch on all Sides. 

Mrs. Parfons was fent to Bofton and here im- 
prifoned, about the ift of May. At length, on 
the 7th of May, 1651, her Cafe was brought 
before the General Court, and the following 
Record is the Refult of their Deliberation: 
"Mary Parfons of Springfield having two Bills 
of Indiiftment framed againft her, the one for 
having Familiarity with the Devill as a Witch, 
to which (be pleaded not Guilty, and not fufficient 
Euidence appearing to proue the fame, (lie was 
aquited of Witchcraft. The fecond Indiftment 
was for wilfully and moft wickedly murdering 
her owne Child, to which Ibee pleaded guilty, 
confeft the Fa£t, and according . to her Deferts 
was condemned to Dy." 

A Jury had previouily convidied Hugh, the 
Hufband of Mary Parfons, of the Crime of 
Witchcraft, by the Praiftice of which as charged, 
he had caufed his Child's Death ; hut in the mean 
Time the poor, diftreifed and wretched Wife had 
confefled herfelf a Witch, and that the had killed 
the Child. This Confeflion caufed the Court to 
come to the Decfion juft recorded; and on the 
27th of the fame Month they came to the fol- 



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68 Annals of Witchcraft 1651 

lowing Deciiion in the Hufband's Cafe: "The 
Magiftrates not confenting to the Verdid: of the 
Jury in Parfons's Cafe, the Caufe coming legally 
to the General Court for Iffue, the Court on 
Perufal of the Euidence brought in againft him 
for Witchcraft, doe judge that he is not legally 
Guilty of Witchcraft; fo not to Dy by our 
Law." 

Hence in the Law-Logic of that Time one 
was confidered Guilty till another for the fame 
Crime was found fo; reminding us of the vicari- 
ous Punifliment (though not exactly a Parallel 
Cafe) fo ludicroufly paraded by Butler, as being 
in Ufe in New England, in its early Settlement. 

Thus, after a long and tedious Profecution at 
Springfield, he was fent to Bofton to be finally 
difpofed of; and here a Bill of Inditftment was 
"framed" againft him, of which this is a Copy: 
"The Grand Jurie for this Comanwelth prefent 
Hugh Parfons of Springfield, not haueing ye 
Feare of God before his Eyes, in or abought 
March laft, and diuers Times before and fince, 
at Springfield aforefaid (as they conceued) had 
familier and wiced Conuerie with y= Deuil, and 
did ufe diuers duelifh Praftifes and Witchcrafte 
to y^ Hurte of diuers Perfons, as by feueral Wit- 
neffes and Sercumftanfes doth apr. and doe leaue 
him to ye Corte for his further tryal for his Life." 

The Verdift of the Trial Jury was rendered in 
Writing and is in thefe Words: 

"The Jurie of Life and Death findes againft 
Hugh Parfons, by y^ Teftemony of fuch as 



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165 1 in New England. 69 

apearde in Corte, foe much as glues them Grounde 
not to cleare him, but cofidered with y^ Telti- 
raonys of diuers y^ are at Springfield, whofe 
Teftimonys were onely fent in Writeinge, as alfo 
y^ Confeffion of Mary Parfons, and y: Impeach- 
ment of fome of y= bewitched Perfons of y"^ faid 
Hew Parfons, which, if y^ General Corte make 
y^ Confeffion of Mary Parfons and y^ impech- 
ment of y^ bewitched Perfons or other of them, 
and y^ Teftemonys yf are in WriteJnge, but ap- 
peared not in Perfon authentike Teftimonys 
acordinge to Law, then y^ Jurie findes y^ faide 
Hugh Parfons Giltie of y^ fin of Wichcrafte. 
Edward Hutchinson,' Foreman" 
with y^ Confent of y^ reft of y= Jurie. 
It is Plain that the Jury intended to throw the 
Refponfibility on the General Court, which was a 
fafe and eafy Way to difpofe of the Cafe, the Mur- 
der of the Child having been afliimed by its poor 
demented Mother. It is Evident, however, that 
there was a lingering Belief in the Minds of the 
Jury, that Hugh had been praftifing Witchcraft 
on his Neighbours at Springfield; but as it was 
chiefly in cutting boiled Puddings longitudinally, 
filing of Saws in the Night Time, and fome few 
other equally innocent (though invifible-handed) 
Araufements, they thought it Befi: to fliuffle over 
them, as fet forth in the above Verdiit. 

iThe Great-Grand-Father of dlans at Wickabang Pond, a few 

Gov. Thomas HuCchmfon, the Hif- Days previous. The Gi 

torian of Majfachufetts Bay. He does not mencion this Ci' 

died Aug. 19th, 1675, of Wounds in his Hiftory. 
received in an Attack by the In- 



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70 Annals of Witchcraft 1651 

What became of the friendlefs Man, after his 
Trial, does not clearly appear. He did not pro- 
bably remain long in Bofton, and never returned 
to Springfield, as feme of his Effe6ts were not 
long after fold for him by Mr. John Pynchon, 
and the Proceeds remitted to him in Bofton. It 
is believed that he went to Narraganfet, and 
thence to Long Ifland, which are all the Traces 
we have of him. 

It appears from the Teftimonies (which will be 
found in the Appendix) that there was Something 
like Confpiracy againft Parfons, for as late as the 
7th of April, when Jonathan Taylor gave in his 
Teftimpny at the Court, he faid that Hugh Par- 
fons came to him and defired to know who were 
his Accufers ; and on Taylor's refufing to tell him, 
Hugh replied, "I know you can tell. Was it 
ever known that a Man Ihould be accufed and 
not know his Accufers?" It will be found that 
whenever Anything is recorded of what Parfons 
faid, on any Occafion, it iliows a good Under- 
ftanding and Common Senfe. Some Allowance 
will of Neceihty be made, as it all comes from 
his Accufers. 

There no doubt was Something of an extenfive 
Enmity againft Parfons, as is inferred from the 
general Tenour of the Teftimonies againft him, 
and his Examinations. The Teftimonies amount 
to Nothing, being a Colleiftion of as childifti 
Nonfenfe as ever was got together; and how a 
Man of Senfe, as Mr. Pynchon is ftippofed to 
have been, could have fat, day after day and lif- 



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1651 in New England. 71 

tened to it, is as aftonifliing as the Matter itfelf 
is puerile, abfurd and ridiculous. 

As has been noticed in other Profecutions, fo 
in this, it is very obfervable that the accufed 
Party had many Enemies. He was fhrewd in 
making Bargains, and perhaps might have taken 
advantage Sometimes, when he thought he had 
made a hard one, or been overreached, of at- 
tempting to "throw it np." But there is no 
Evidence of Dilhonefty on his Part. He was a 
Brickmaker as well as a Sawyer, or he carried on 
the latter Bufmefs. He had a DiiEcuIty with 
Mr. Moxon, the Minifter, refpecSiing the Bricks 
for the Chimney of his Houfe. Hence Mr, 
Moxon was among his Accufers. It is inferred 
that the Miniller had fome Advantage by the 
Contract, and that Farfons thought he ought not 
to be held to perform it, but he did not refufe to 
perform his Part, only, was wont to remark as 
on fimilar Occafions, that if Mr. Moxon exadled 
its Performance " it would do him no good," or 
that he "would be Even with him." Thefe 
were very common Expreffions with him, and 
feem to have had great Weight with his Accufers, 
as Evidence that he pradlifed Witchcraft. 

Parfons was profecuted fome Time before this 
( 1 649) Witchcraft Affair, by " the Widow Marfh- 
field," for a Libel, by Words uttered by his Wife. 
We learn this incidentally, and by Inference alfo, 
that the Libel confifted in Mrs. Parfons faying 
that Goodwife Marfhfield had bewitched Mr. 
Moxon's Children. The Cafe went againft him 



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72 Annals of Witchcraft 1649 

and he was condemned to pay the heavy Amount 
of twenty-four Bufhels of Indian Corn, and 
twenty ShilUngs in Money. Both Parfons and 
his Wife declared that this was owing to falfe 
Swearing. Hence, the Records of that Cafe 
would doubtlefs difclofe the Names of thofe who 
fwore againft him, and that the fame Individuals 
came forward on the fame Side to prove him a 

Witch. 

From what can be gathered in examining the 
Teilimonies, it is Evident that Parfons's Wife 
was a turbulent Woman, and by her unbridled 
Tongue had been the Means of the Profecution 
for Slander before mentioned. This may have 
been the Caufe of fome Negledt of her on his 
Part. This Negleft may alfo have been a Caufe of 
inconfiderate Complaints and harih Speeches to 
Others by her againft her Hulband; and he ap- 
pears to have been a Man of ftrong Refentments, 
and it was very Natural that he fhould exhibit 
them on fuch Occafions, and that Altercations 
arofe, and were continued until an entire Ef- 
trangement and Hatred put an End to all Affec- 
tion. At length ill Health, and a naturally bad 
Temper threw her into a State of Infanity, fo 
plainly exhibited at the Examination of her 
Hulband. 

Some Time previous to the 15th of May of 
this Year the People of Stratford, in Connecticut 
were in great Commotion by Witchcraft break- 
ing out there. Records, fo far as can be learned, 
are nearly Silent refpefting it. From fuch Inti- 



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165 1 in New England. 73 

mations and incidental Notices as have been 
gathered, it is Evident that one Goodwife Baffett 
was tried, condemned for a Witch, and executed 
in that Town. Her Trial took place fubfe- 
quently to the 15th of May, as will appear from 
the following Entry in the Court Records of 
Connedticut, in thefe Words: "The Gouernour, 
Mr. Cullick and Mr. Clarke are defired to goe 
downe to Stratford to keepe Courte vppon the 
Tryall of Goody BalTett for her Life; and if the 
Gouernour cannott goe, then Mr. Wells is to goe 
in his Roome." It may be worth Attention to 
remark that John Haynes, Efq., was Governour, 
Mr. John CuUick, Mr. Daniel Clarke, and Mr. 
John Wells were Maglftrates. 

As to who Goodwife Baffett was there appears 
no prefent Means pf knowing, and it may hardly 
be worth While to venture Conje<5tures on the 
Queftion. Prelident Dwight Somewhere men- 
tions her Execution, and ProfelTor Kingiley ad- 
verts to it in his Centennial oi 1838 at Newhaven. 
She was moft likely an elderly Woman, who 
came to New England as a Member of fome 
Family, and perhaps without any near Relative; 
and having become old, and none to take an In- 
tereft in her Welfare, it was eafy, in thofe Days, 
and under fuch Circumftances, when the Cry of 
"Witch" was once let up, to hunt down and 
ruin the decrepit and friendlefs. 

Some Writers, with a greater Defire to make 
their Neighbourhood appear free from Blemilhes 
than to relate Faits, have denied that there is any 
K 



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74- Annals of Witchcraft 1652 

Proof that Executions for Witchcraft took place 
within their Jurifdidtion. But in the Cafe of 
Goodwife Baffett, Doubts appear to be gratui- 
tous. Three Places were known in Stratford 
where Gallows had ftood, before 1680.' Per- 
fons of the Name of Bajfett were early quite 
numerous in Connedlicut. 

1652. 

No accurate Opinion can be formed as to the 
Extent of a Difturbance occafioned by Agents 
from the Invifible World, by a fingle Infiance 
that happens to be recorded. It is reafonable to 
fuppofe that Accufations went on in a Village or 
Town many Months, and perhaps Years, before 
the Courts felt obliged to take Cognizance of 
them. Thus in the Town of Ipfwich, in a 
Court held there in 1652, we are allured on the 
beft Authority, that a Man was fentenced to be 
whipt, or to pay twenty Shillings "for having 
Familiarity with the Devil ;"^ while we are not 
told the name of the Man, or what Evidence he 
was convidted on. How fuch a Sentence could 
have been rendered under the Laws even then in 
force, it is not Eafy to fee. 

On recurring to a late elaborate Work' the 
Name of the Accufed was found to be John 
Bradftreet of Rowley, and that his Crime pro- 

1 Hinman, Getieakgy of the Pu- terly Court Files, 207. 
ritmi, 160. 

3 By the Rev. Mr. C. W. 0p^ 
= Felt, tUJl Ipfwich, from Quur- ham. 



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1653 ^'^ TV^^w England. 75 

bably was for telling his Dreams. Francis Parat 
and his Wife, of Rowley; and William Bar- 
tholomew of Ipfwich, evidenced that Bradltreet 
told them that he read in a Book of Magick, and 
that he heard a Voice afking him what Work he 
had for him. He [the Voice] anfwered, "Go 
make a Bridge of Sand over the Sea; go make 
a Ladder of Sand up to Heaven, and go to God 
and come down no more." For this idle and 
nonfenfical Talk, and "telling a Lie," he was 
condemned to pay twenty Shillings or be whip- 
ped. He had been convid;ed before of lying. 

The Affairs at Springfield were fcarcely over 
before the " Devill" was "difcovered" among the 
Women of New Haven Colony, and indirectly 
among the fober and ftrong minded Men of that 
Place. It is told, by way of prefatory Matter,' 
that "Moleflations from Evil Spirits, in more 
fenlible and furprifing Operations than thofe finer 
Methods wherein they commonly work upon the 
Minds of all Men, but efpecially of /// Men, 
have fo abounded in this Countrey, that I queflion 
whether any one Town has been free from fad 
'Examples of them. The Neighbours have not 
been careful enough to Record and Atteft the 
prodigious Occurrences of this Importance, which 
have been among us. Many true and Jirange 
Occurrences from the Invifible World, in thefe 

1 By Dr. C. Mather, Magnalia, B. VI, 66. 



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76 Annals of Witchcraft 1653 

Partsof the World, are faultily buried in Oblivion.' 
But fome of thefe very ftupendious Things have 
had their Memory preferved in the written Me- 
morials of honett, prudent, and faithful Men ; 
for every one of which we have had fuch a 
fufficient Evidence, that no Reafonable Man in 
this whole Countrie ever did quellion them." 
Whence it follows, that all who did queftion 
them were M«-reafonable Perfons. 

The fecond Perfon who fuffered Death in the 
New Haven Colony, fo far as Refearches up to 
this Time have difcovered, was a Woman, named 
Knapp. It is remarked by a modern Hand, that 
" {he fuffered terribly by Witchcraft, if the 
trifling Story in the Magnalia is good for Any- 
thing,"'' But if the Accounts contained in the 
original Records are reliable, of which there can 
be no Doubt, the "trifling" lies at the Door of 
our Cotemporary. In following that Account, 
however, he has placed the Cafe of "terrible 
Sufi^ering" about twenty Years later than its 
actual Occurrence; unleis there were two Perfons 
of the Name of Knapp who fuffered for Witch- 



1 Was the " prodigious Occur- Opinion, 
rence " at Springfield unknown to 

the Drs. Mather, or did they pur- ^ The "Storj' " ia copied hy Dr. 

pofely omit il? I fee no Realon for C. Mather from the Remarkable 

their omitting it, unlefs it were to Promdenas of his Father. Mr. 

obliviate Mr, Pynchon and Mr, Savage probably knew this, but ii 

Moxon. The former being in Ad- afforded him more Pleafure to hurl 

vance of the Age on the Queftion a Miffile at the Son than at the real 

of Religious Liberty, and the lat- Author. See N. Eng. Gen. Dili. 

ler becaufe he was of the fame Art. Knapp. 



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1653 ^'^ New England. 77 

craft, one in 1653, and the other in 1671. This 
Point we muil leave for him or others to recon- 
cile, and fpeak from the Record before us. 

Of the Trial and Execution of Goodwife 
Knapp. What Fafts we poffefs regarding her 
Cafe came out at an Arraignment of Mr. Roger 
Ludlow, at the May Term of the "Court of 
Magiftrates" at New Haven, for defaming the 
Character of the Wife of Thomas Staplies, "in 
reporting to Mr. Dauenport and Mrs. Dauen- 
port, that ftie had laid herfelfe vnder a new Suf- 
pition of being a Witch ; that 0ie had caufed 
Knapp's Wife to be new fearched after llie was 
hanged, and when fhe faw the Teates, faid, if 
they were the Markes of a Witch, then flie was 
one, or Ihe had fuch Markes; fecondly, Mr. Lud- 
low faid Knapps Wife told him that Goodwife 
Staplies was a Witch ; thirdly, that Mr. Ludlow 
hath flandered Goodwife Staplies in faying that 
fhe made a Trade of lying, &c." 

On the Trial, Mr. Ludlow failed to convince 
the Court that he did not thus charge Mrs. Stap- 
lies with being a Witch, or to make it appear 
that fhe was a Witch. Whereupon the Court 
ordered that Mr. Ludlow "pay to Thomas Stap- 
lies, by way of Fine, for Reparation of his 
Wiues Name Ten Pounds, and for his Trouble 
and Charge in following the Suit Five Pounds 
more." He was fined at the next Term Ten 
Pounds additional for accufing her of lying. 

It would feem that Mr. Ludlow had been in- 



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78 Annals of Witchcraft ^^SZ 

ftrumental in caufing Mrs. Knapp' to be put to 
Death; and that Mrs. Staplies's chief Sin was in 
not believing that fhe, Goodwife Knapp, was 
Guilty, and in reporting agreeably to her Belief. 
Lawyers were employed on both Sides ; Enfign 
Alexander Bryan on the Part of Mr. Ludlow, 
and Mr. John Banks for Mr. StapUes. Speci- 
mens of the Teftimony, fo far as they bear on 
the Cafe of Mrs Knapp, follow: 

Mr. Davenport* teftified, "that, Mr. Ludlow, 
fitting with him and his Wife alone, and dif- 
courfing of the PalTages concerning Knapp's 
Wife the Witch, and her Execution, faid that 
fhe came down from the Ladder, (as he [Daven- 
port] underftood it,) and defired to fpeak with 
him [Ludlow] alone, and told him who was the 
Witch fpoken of; and fo farr as he remembers, 
he, or his Wife afked him who it was; he faid 
fhe named Goodwife Staplies, Mr. Dauenport 
replyed, that he beleeued it was vtterly vntrue, 
and fpoken [by Knapp] out of Malice. Mr. 
Ludlow anfwered that he hoped better of her 
[Staplies I but faid fhe was a foolifh Woman; and 
then told them a further Storey — how fhe 
tumbled the Corpfe of the Witch vp and downe 
after her Death, before fundrie Women, and 

I -I have nol followed the Record themfelves having little of Uni- 

in refpea to the Prefixes or Titles formity in this Partkular. 
of fome Perfons, but have ufed 

Mrs., Mr., Goodwife and Good- '^ TheRev. JohnDavenport,afcer- 

man indiferiminatelj', the Records wards of the Firft Church, Bofton. 



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1653 ^'^ New England. 79 

fpoke to this EfFedl, — If thele be the Markes of 
a Witch, I am one, or I have fuch Markes." 

Mrs. Davenport corroborated the Evidence 
given by her Hufband. "Goodwif Sherwood of 
-Fairfield affirmeth vpon Oath, that vpon fome 
Debate betwixt Mr. Ludlow and Goodwife 
Staplies, Ihe heard Mr. Ludlow charge Goodwif 
Staphes with a Trad: of lying, and that in Dif- 
courfe ihe heard him fo charge her feuerall 
Times." 

Helter, Wife of Andrew Ward, teftified, "that 
aboute a Day after that Goodwife Knapp was 
condemned for a Witch, Ihe goeing to the Prifon 
Houfe where faid Knapp was kept, (he, the faid 
Knapp, voluntarily, without any Occafion giuen 
her, faid that Goodwife Staplyes, told her that an 
Indian brought vnto her, the faid Staplyes, two 
little Things brighter than the Light of the Day, 
and told the faid Goodwife Staplyes they were 
Indian Gods, as the Indian called them, and the 
Indian withal) told her, the faid Staplyes, if flie 
would keepe them, Ihe fhould be fo big Rich, all 
one God; and that the faid Staplyes told the faid 
Knapp Ihe gaue them again to the faid Indian, 
but ftje could not tell whether /he did fo or no." 

Lucy, the Wife of Thomas Pell fwore, "that 
aboute a Day after Goodwife Knapp was con- 
demned for a Witch, Miftris Jones earoeftly in- 
treated her to goe to the faid Kapp, who had fent 
for her; that Ihe called the faid Hefter Ward, 
and they went together;" that the faid Knapp 
fpoke " Word for Word as Heller Ward had 



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8o Annals of Witchcraft 1653 

teftified. Further, Miftris Pell teftified, "that 
£he being one of y^ Women that was required 
to fearch the faid Knapp before llie was con- 
demned; and then Miftris Jones preffed the faid 
Knapp to confefs whether ther were any other 
that were Witches; becaufe Goodwife Baffett, 
when fhe was condemned, faid there was another 
Witch in Fairfield, that held her Head full high ; 
and then the faid Goodwife Knapp ftepped a lit- 
tle afide, and told her, this deponent, Goodwife 
Baffett meant not her. She aiked her whom fhe 
meant, and flie named Goodwife Staplyes, and 
then uttered the fame Speeches as formerly con- 
cerning the Indian Gods." 

Elizabeth Brewfter fwore, " that after Good- 
wife Knap was executed, as foone as ihe was cut 
downe, (he, the faid Knapp, being carried to the 
Graue Side, Goodwife Staplyes with fome other 
Women went to fearch the faid Knapp, concern- 
ing findeing out Teates; and Goodwife Staplyes 
handled her very much, and called to Goodwife 
Lockwood, and faid, thofe were no Witches 
Teats, but fuch as flie herfelf had, and other 
Women might have the fame; and wringing her 
Hands and takeing y*" Lords Name in her Mouth, 
and faid,^ — ^Will you fay thefe were Witches 
Teates, they were not, and called upon Goodwife 
Lockwood to come and fee them. Then fhe 
called on Goodwife Odell to come and examine 
the Teats, for fhe had been one of the Searchers 
before the Execution, but Ihe would not. Then 
ihe [Staplies] called Goodwife Lockwood to come 



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1653 ^'^ New England. 81 

forward and examine the Teats, and faid to her, — 
Will you fay thefe are Witch Teats? I have 
fuch myfelf, and fo have you. Goodwife Lock- 
wood replyed, if I had fuch I would be hanged, 
and deferve it too. Then Goodwife Odell came 
iieare, and told Goodwife Staplies that no honeft 
Woman had fuch Teats. And then all the 
Women rebuking her [Staplies] and faid they 
were Witches Teates; then the faid Staplies 
yielded it," Her yielding doubtlefs amounted 
to this, that finding Ihe could not convince the 
others, ceafed to fay Anything further at that 
Time, as fenfible People do now-a-days. 

Mary Brewfter teftified that Ihe was "at the 
Grave-Side" after the Execution, and faw Good- 
wife Staplies make the Examination of the 
Teats, but "went away, as having no Defire to 
look vpon them." 

Sufan, Wife of Robert Lockwood, fwore that 
ihe was at the Execution of Goodwife Knapp, 
"that was hanged for a Witch," and after fhe 
was cut down and brought to the Grave was 
prefent with other Women to fearch for Teats ; 
that Goodwife Staplies was handling the dead 
Woman "where the Teates were;" that Good- 
wife Staplies "flood vp and called three or four 
Times, and bid me come looke of them." When 
ihe had done fo Mrs. Staplies aiked her Opinion, 
as to whether they were Witch Teats ? She 
anfwered, "No Matter. She had Teates, and 
confeffed fhe was a Witch. That was fufficient." 
Whereupon Mrs. Staplies faid : " If thefe be 
L 



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82 Annals of Witchcraft 1653 

Teates, here are no more than I myfelf have, or 
any other Woman, or you either if you would 
fearch your Body." Sufan Lockwood rephed 
that fhe did not know what Mrs. Staplies had, 
but for herfelf, "if any finde any fuch Things 
aboute me, I deferued to be hanged as fhe was." 

"Thomas Sheruington and Chriftopher Comb- 
ftocke and Goodwife Baldwins were ahogether 
at the Prifon Houfe where Goodwife Knapp was, 
and the faid Goodwife Baldwin aiked her the 
faid Knapp whether fhe knew of any other 
[Witch]. She faid there were fome, or one, that 
had received Indian Gods that were very bright. 
Baldwin alked her how fhe could tell if fhe were 
not a Witch herfelf. She faid the party told her 
fo, and her Hufband was Witnefs to it." 

Rebecka, Wife of Cornelius Hall, fwore that 
when Mrs. Knapp was on her way to be executed, 
Mr. Ludlow and her Father (Mr. Jones) preffing 
the faid Knapp to confefs that (he was a Witch, 
Mrs. Staplies faid, "Why fhould (he confefs that 
which fhe was not? She made no Doubt if fhe 
were one fhe would confefs it." 

Deborah Lockwood, aged about Seventeen, 
fwore, that fhe was prefent when Mrs. Knapp 
was going to Execution, "betweene Tryes and 
the Mill, fhe heard Goodwife Staplyes fay to 
Goodwife Gould, fhe was perfwaded Goodwife 
Knapp was no Witch. Goodwife Gould faid, 
Sifler Staplyes, fhe is a Witch, and hath confeffed 
having had Familiarity with the Deuill. Stap- 



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1653 i^ New England. 83 

lies replied, I was with her Yefterday or laft 
Night, and fhe faid no fuch Thing as I heard." 

Bethia Brundifli, aged about Sixteen, faid as 
the was *' goeing to Execution of Goodwife 
Knapp, who was condemned for a Witch by the 
Court and Jury at Fairfield, there being prefent 
herfelfe and Deborah Lockwood and Sarah Cabel, 
Ihe heard Goodwife Staplyes fay, that the 
thought Goodwife Knapp was no Witch, and 
Goodwife Gould prefently reproved her for it." 

Goodwife Whitlocke of Fairfield was the next 
Witnefs. She teftified before Mr. William 
Fowler of Milford, May 27th, 1654, was prefent 
at the Execution of Mrs. Knapp, " and nex to 
Goody Stapleys when they were goeing to put 
the dead Corpes into the Grave, feuerall Women 
were looking for the Markes of a Witch vpon 
the dead Body, and feuerall of them faid they 
could find none, and this Deponent faid, nor I ; 
and Ihe heard Goodwife Staplyes fay, nor I; then 
came one that had fearched the faid Witch, and 
fhewed them the Markes that were vpon her; 
then Goodwife Staplyes faid ihe never faw fuch 
in all her Life ; and that fhe was perfwaded that 
no honeft Woman had fuch Things as thofe 
were." 

Goodwife Barlow of Fairfield fimilarly tefti- 
fied. She with one of her Neighbours defired 
to fee the Marks of a Witch when Mrs. Knapp 
was ready to be buried, and they looked but 
found none. Then Goodwife Staplyes came and 
. one or two more. " Goodwife Staplleyes kneeled 



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84 Annals of Witchcraft 1653 

downe by them, and they all looked but found 
them not, and faid they faw Nothing but what is 
common to other Women ; but after they found 
them they all wondered, and Goodwife Staplyes 
in Particular, and faid they never faw fuch Things 
in their Life before, fo they went away." 

The Wife of John Thompfon of Fairfield 
went to the Grave alfo with the others, and " de- 
fired to fee the Marks of the Witch," but found 
none at firfl: ; "then the Midwife came and 
Ihewed them," and Goodwife Staplyes exclaimed 
as ftated by the other WitnelTes. The Wife of 
Richard Lyon, and Goodwife Squire of Fairfield 
fwore alfo to the fame purport. 

Goodwife Sherwood of Fairfield fwore that on 
the Day Mrs. Knapp was condemned, " fhe was 
there to fee her, all being gone forth hut Good- 
wife Odill and herfelf, then there came in Mif- 
tris Pell and her two daughters, Elizabeth and 
Mary, Goody Lockwood and Goodwife Purdy." 
Miliris Pell told Mrs. Kapp fhe was fent to her 
" to have her confefs," and that if fhe knew any 
other Witches to difcover them, that now fhe 
was condemned, and mufi; die, her Confeffion 
could not prejudice her Cafe, As to herfelf and 
Family, Miftris Pell faid they had not teftified 
againfi her; that "the Jury and Godly Magif- 
trates had found her Guilty, and that the laft 
Evidence caft the Caufe."' The next day Miftris 

1 This has Reference probably Teftiraony of Goodwife Sherwood 

to the Perfon who teftjfied laft be- it is inferred that Goodwife Staplies 

fore the Jury, on Mrs. Knapp's was the laft WitneiT. 
Trial at Fairfield j and from the 



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1653 ^'^ New England. 85 

Pell went "to the Witch again," with Mr. Jones, 
Elizabeth and Mary Pell, Miftrls Ward and 
Goodwife Lockwood. Miftris Pell defired Mrs. 
Knap " to lay open herfelf, and make Way for 
the Minifter to do her Good." Elizabeth Pell 
" bid her doe as the other Witch at the other 
Towne did,' and difcover all flie knew to be 
Witches." Mrs. Knapp meekly replied that fhe 
mull: not fay what was not true, and mull not 
wrong Anybody ; that when flie came to the 
Ladder, if fhe had Anything to fay {he would 
fay it to Mr. Ludlow and the Minifter. Eliza- 
beth Brewfter then prefent faid to her, *' If vou 
keepe it till you come to the Ladder, the Diuill 
will have you quick." Mrs. Knapp replied, "you 
would have me fay that Goodwife Staplyes is a 
Witch, but I have Sins enough to anfwer for 
already, and I hope I fhall not add to my Con- 
demnation." She denied ever having faid iTie 
knew of a Witch in the Town. 

The poor Woman was evidently crufhed by a 
Swarm of deluded Wretches, all endeavouring to 
convince her that the was going into Eternity 
with a Lie on her Tongue, and knowing of other 
Witches, would not name them ; warning her 
to "take heede that the Deuil! perfwaded her not 
to few malicious Seed to doe hurt when Ihe was 
dead." At this, and much other fimilar Stuff, 
Goodwife Knapp " burlt forth into weeping," 

i The "other Witch" was execmed in 1651.— See anlc,>-* 
probably a Woman named Baf- ans idem, 
fett, who it would Teem had been 



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86 Annals of Witchcraft 1653 

and defined her Tormentor to pray for her. 
Whether Mr. Buckley was prefent does not ap- 
pear, but he was at the Execution, and among 
thofe who faw the Grave clofe over her. This 
was Mr. Gerfhom Buckley the Minifter of Fair- 
field, and no Voice of his was raifed againft the 
Execution, fo far as appears anywhere. 

With all the Details here related, and acceffi- 
ble to a Hiftorian of Connecticut, it is ftrange 
he fhould fay, "From a careful Examination of 
the Records of New Haven Colony, it does not 
appear that there ever was even a Convidion for 
the Crime of Witchcraft, within that Jurifdic- 
tion, much lefs was there ever an Execution"!' 

Not long after Mr. Ludlow was fined twenty- 
five Pounds for defaming the Character of Mrs. 
Staplies, he left the Jurifdidlion, is faid to have 
gone to Virginia, and nothing was heard of him 
afterwards. It would feem that he had rendered 
himfelf very unpopular by the Part he had taken 
in bringing Mrs. Knapp to the Gallows. That 
Unpopularity may have had an earlier Date, per- 
haps Mrs. Bafiett's Profecution and Execution 
may have been under his Direction. It is evi- 
dent that the People were divided into bitter 
Parties, and that one Party oppofed the other, 
not on the Ground that either difbelieved in 
Witchcraft, but becaufe of Quarrels which had 
Nothing to do with that Phantom. 

There is a little Uncertainty as to the precife 

1 Hollifter's Bifl. Cmneakut, 11, S3 3- 



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1653 ^^ New England, 87 

Year in which the grim Meflenger of Darknefs 
firft appeared in the Difguiie of a Bird to a 
Family in Andover. The following Copy from 
the original Depoiition in the Writer's PolTeffion 
will difplay all the Fa<5ts for the Reader's De- 
liberation. It was made before the venerable 
Governor Bradftreet in 1659, from which it 
appears that the Vifit of the Witch took place 
about five or fix Years previous, namely, in 1653 
or 1 654. Bradftreet found himfelf circumftanced 
fimilarly to Mr. Pynchon, not long before, as has 
been related. Thefe Gentlemen probably would 
never have taken away the Life of an Individual, 
although Believers in the Reality of Witchcraft ; 
but if left to themfelves would have found ample 
Excufe for not proceeding to Extremities, from 
honefi: Doubts as to the Fadt being fully proved. 

"The Depoficons of Job Tylar aged about 40 
Years,' Mary his Wife, Mofes TyF his Son aged 
betwixt 17 and 18 Years, and Mary Tylar about 
15 Yeares old. 

"Thefe Deponents witnefie that they faw a 
Thing like a Bird to come in at the Dore of 
there Houfe with John Godfery in the Night 
about the Bignes of a Black Bird or rather big- 
ger, to wit as big as a Plgion, and did fly about; 
John Godfery labouring to catch it and the Bird 
vanifhed, as they conceived, through the Chinck 
of a ioynted Bord, and being afked by the Man 
of the Houfe wherfore it came, he anfwered, It 



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of Witchcraft 1653-5 

came to fuck your Wife. This was (as they re- 
member) about 5 or 6 Yeares fince. 

" Taken vpon Oath of the 4 aboue menconed 
pties, this 27. 4. ^(). before mee 

" Simon Bradftreete. 

" Ouned in Court 7 M^ch, 1665, by Job Tylar 
and Mofes Tylar. E. R. Sec. 

" Ouned in Court 1 3 March 65 by Mary Tyler 
on her former Oath. E. R. S^." 

1653-5- 

The Commotion of 1653, in the Town of 
New Haven, alleged to have been caufed by 
Witchcraft, muft have been long and fadly re- 
membered. At this Period there was living 
there, a reftlefs inquifitive old Woman, named 
Elizabeth Godman. She was probably one of 
the moft intenfe Believers in Witchcraft, being 
always ready when Anything tranfpired, which 
the, in her very limited Knowledge, could not 
fee the remote or even the immediate Caufe, to 
charge it to the Work of the " Diuell," or his 
Agents, fuppofed then by Everybody to be hover- 
ing in the Air juft above them, ready to take 
advantage of all human Frailties. 

How long before the Seflion of the " Court 
of Magiftrates " of New Haven, which com- 
menced on the 4th of Auguft of this Year, the 
firft Trouble from the " Invifible World " began, 
cannot be flated ; but there was living at New 
Haven at that Time a Mrs. Godman, as juft 



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2^53"5 ^'^ New En^ 



mentioned, in the Family of Thomas Johnfon. 
She appears to have previoufly refided in the 
" Bay," at or near Bofton, at the Time of feme 
Witch Troubles in that Colony, and may have 
left there In Confequence of thofe Troubles, but 
how that may have been cannot be definitely 
ftated. At all Events, many of the firft People 
of New Haven faw, or thought they faw Caufe 
to accufe Mrs. Godman of Witchcraft ; but the 
Profecutions which followed in Confequence were 
inftituted by Mrs. Godman herfelf. She went 
before the Court for Redrefs, becaufe of, as Ihe 
alleged, falfe Accufations ; but as the Parties 
accufed were of the higheft Standing the Tables 
were at once turned, becaufe the Court believed 
her Accufers inftead of her. Among thefe were 
Goodwife Larremore, Goodman Jeremy Whitnels, 
Mr. Stephen Goodyeare, and Mrs. Goodyeare, 
Mr. William Hooice, and Mrs. Hooice, Mrs. At- 
water, Hannah and Elizabeth Lamberton, Good- 
wife Thorpe, Mrs. Bilhop, Mary Miles, "&c." 

The Court confifted of Theophilus Eaton, 
Efq., the Governour, Mr. Stephen Goodyeare, 
Dept. Governour, Francis Newman, Capt. John 
Aftwood and Mr. William Leete, Magiftrates. 

The firft who gave her Reafons for what (he 
had fald of Mrs. Godman, was Goodwife Larre- 
more. She faid that as foon as " flie faw her 
come in at Goodman Whitnels llie thought of a 
Witch ; once ihe fpoke to that Purpofe at Mr. 
Hookes ; and her Ground was becaufe Mr. Da- 
uenport, about that Time, had occafion in his 
M 



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go Annals of Witchcraft 1653-5 

Miniftry to fpeak of Witches; and iliowed that 
a froward difcontented Frame of Spirit was a Sub- 
jeift fitt for y^ Devill to worke vpon in that way, 
and ilie looked vpon Mrs. Godman to be of fuch 
a Frame of Spirit, but for faying fo at Goodman 
Whitnels fhe denies it." Mrs. Godman anfwered 
that Mr. Whitnel's Maid confirmed what Ilie 
faid; but when the Maid came fhe faid fhe 
thought fhe heard Goodwife Larremore fay 
"{he thought of a Witch in the Bay when Ihe fee 
Mrs. Godman." The Governor afked Mrs. Lar- 
remore if fhe thought Mrs. Godman a Witch, 
and fhe faid fhe did not. The Court then told 
Mrs. Godman that fhe had warned divers Per- 
fons to appear, and demanded of her what her 
Charges were againfl them. She faid they had 
given out Speeches that made Folks think fhe was 
a Witch ; " and firfl file charged Mrs. Atwater 
to be y^ Caufe of all;" who had faid fhe was a 
Witch, and that Hobbamock (the Divil of the 
Indians) was her Hufband. The Court informed 
her that flie could prove Nothing, although fhe 
had been notified to have her Witnelfes ready. 

Then "lundrie Paffages in y^ Wrighting were 
read." As "y'= Wrighting" is not given in the 
Record, it is conjedlured that it was Notes taken 
before a previous Court, and confifted of Charges 
and Evidence going to prove that Mrs. Godman 
was a Witch; for when the Writing was read 
the Court inquired of her "if thefe Thinges did 
not giue juft Ground of Sufpition to all that 
heard them, that fhe was a Witch?"' She con- 



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^^53~S ^^ New England. 91 

feffed they did; "but faid if ftie fpake fuch 
Things as is in Mr. Hookes Relation, fhe was 
not herfelfe; but Mrs. Hooke tellifyed that fhe 
was in a fober Frame, and fpake in a deliberate 
Way, as ordinarily fhe is at other Times." 

Befides what was evidenced in the " Wrighting," 
Mrs. Godman was reminded of what was iaid at 
the Governour's, where the Writing was made, 
"aboute Mr. Goodyeares falling into a fwonding 
Fitt, after he had fpoken Something one Night 
in the Expofition of a Chapter, which fhe, being 
prefent, liked not ; but faid it was againft her, and 
as foon as Mr. Goodyeare had done Duties, fhe 
flung out of the Roome In a difcontented Way, 
and caft a fierce Looke vpon Mr. Goodyeare as 
fhe went out; and immediately Mr. Goodyeare, 
though well before, fell into a Swond. And be- 
fide her notorious lying in this Bufinefs, for being 
afked how fhe came to know this, fhe faid fhe 
was prefent, yet Mr. Goodyeare, Mrs. Goodyeare, 
Hannah and Elizabeth Lamberton all affirm (he 
was not in y^ Roome, but gone vp into the 
Chamber." 

The Court, having afted the Part of an At- 
torney for the Perfons accufed, now fummed up 
their Judgment in thefe Words: That "Mrs. 
Godman hath vnjuftly called heither the feuerall 
Perfons before named, being fhe can proue No- 
thing againfl them, and that her Cariage doth 
juftly render her fufpitlous of Witchcraft, which 
fhe herfelfe in fo many Words confefTeth, there- 
fore the Court wiflieth her to looke to her Car- 



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92 Annals of Witchcraft 1653-5 

riage, for if further Proofe come, thefe PafTages 
will not be forgotten, and therefore gaue her 
Charge not to goe in an offenfive Way to Folkes 
Houfes in a rayllng Manner, as it feemeth fhe 
hath done, but that llie keepe her Place, and 
meddle with her owne Bufinefs." 

On the previous Examination of Mrs. God- 
win, Ihe was afked what {he had againft Mr. and 
Mrs. Hooke? It feems they had intimated that 
fhe had caufed the Sicknefs of their Son. Now 
*' Mr. Hooke faid hee was not without Feares, 
and hee had Reafons for it, becaufe fhee was (hut 
out at Mr. Atwaters vpon Sufpition, and he was 
troubled in his Sleepe aboute Witches when his 
Boye was ficke, which was in a verey ftrang 
Manner; and he looked vpon her as a malUtious 
one, prepared to that Mifchief; and ihe would 
often fpeak aboute Witches and rather juftifye 
them, and faid, Why doe they provoake them? 
Why do they not let them come into the Church ? 
Another Time flie faid fhe had feme Thoughts, 
what if the Devill Ihould come to fucke her and 
fhe refolued he (hould not." 

Another of Mr. Hooke's Accufations was that 
Mrs. Godwin would know what was faid and 
done at Church Meetings, before the Meetings 
were over, " as aboute Delaware Bay, aboute 
Mr. Cheever, and aboute Goodman Lawfon, and 
fome other Things." An Indian Squaw Servant 
named Time, figuered alfo as a Witnefs againft 
her. When Time alked Mrs. Godman how fhe 
knew Things? She anfwered Ihe would not tell. 



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1653-5 ^"^ New England. 93 

To which Time faid "Did not y= Devill tell you?" 
Quite as fenfelefs was the Teftimony of one 
Henry Boutle; to the Effedt that Mrs. Godwin 
talked and muttered to herielf. Mr. Hooke tef- 
tified further, that he had heard that Witches, 
that is, Perfons afflifted "that way, would hardly 
be kept away from y^ Houfes where they doe 
Mifchief; and fo it was with her when his Boy 
was ficke, ihe would not be kept away from him, 
nor gett away when flie was there \ and one 
Time Mrs. Hooke bid her goe away, and thruft 
her from y^ Boy, but ihe turned againe, and faid 
the would looke on him." On one Occafion 
Mrs. Goodyeare and Mrs. Godwin had a Talk as 
to the Occafion of the Illnefs of the Child. 
The laft named aiked the other if flie thought 
it was bewitched? Her anfwer implied the 
Affirmative. And when Mr. Goodyeare afked 
Mrs. Godwin if ihe was not the Caufe of the 
Boy's Sicknefs? "She denyed it, but in fuch a 
Way as if flie could fcarce denye it." ' In being 
importuned to give a Reafon for the Boy's Sick- 
nefs, Ihe faid it might be "that he had turned 
his Braines with fliding;" yet (he doubted not 
he would recover, "though he was handled in 
fuch a ftrange Manner as the Dodlor faid he had 
not met with the Like." 

Mr. Hooke appears as the leading Accufer. In 
the Courfe of his Evidence he faid that when 



1 For Shallownefs of Under- bad enough to be a Witch, and yet 
(landing ii would be difficull to find the fame Perfon hefitatc to tell a Lie ! 
a Parallel to this. Believe a Perfon 



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94- Annals of Witchcraft 1653-5 

Mr. James Bilhop was married, Mrs. Godwin 
came to him in much Trouble, " fo as he 
thought it might be from fome Affeilion " fhe 
had for Mr. Bifhop; io he alked her if that were 
not the Cafe, and Ihe faid it was. Mr. Hooke 
further adds, that as foon as Mr. and Mrs. Bifliop 
were "contracted," Mrs. Biihop fell into "very 
ilrang Fitts, which hath continewed, at Times 
ever fince; and much Sufpition there is that ihe 
hath bine the Caufe of the Lofs of Mrs. Byfhop's 
Children, for fhe could tell when Mrs. Bifhop 
was to be brought to bedd." When Mrs. God- 
man was afked why Mrs. Biiliop's Children died, 
(he faid fhe fuppofed it was becaufe of the 
Mother's *' longing," or fomething to that E£Fe£t ; 
and Jane Hooke faid that Mrs. Godman told her 
that Mrs. Bifhop was much " given to longing, 
and that was the Reafon fhe loft her Children," 
Another very remarkable Circumftance was, 
and it was a " fufpitious " one, that on a certain 
Time flie knew that Mrs. Atwater had Figs in 
her Pocket. She knew fhe had becaufe fhe 
fmelt them, but Jane Hooke was prefent at the 
Time and could not fmell Figs ; therefore Mrs. 
Godman came under additional " Sufpition " of 
Witchcraft. And Mrs. Atwater faid Mrs. God- 
man " could tell that they at one time had Peafe 
Porridge, when they could none of them tell 
how fhe came to know" it. Further, Mrs. At- 
water faid that on the night the Figs were fmelt, 
they had Strangers to Supper, and Mrs. Godman 
was there ; " fhe cutt a Sopp and put in Pann ; 



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^^53" 5 ^^ New England. 95 

Betty Brewfter called the Maide to tell her, and 
faid {he [Godman] was aboute her Workes of 
Darknefs, and was fufpitious of her, and that 
Night Betty Brewfter was in a moft miferable 
Caie, hearing a moft dreadfull Noife, which put 
her in great Feare and Trenibling, which put 
her into fach a Sweate as fhe was all on a Water 
when Mary Miles came to go to Bed, who had 
fallen a lleepe by the Fire, which Ihe vfed not to 
doe, and in y« Morning flie looked as one y^^ had 
bine almoft Dead." Mrs. Atwater now told 
Mrs. Godwin {he was fufpicious of her, and 
" forwarned her of her Houfe; " at which " ihe 
faid ilie would haue her before y^ Court ; yet the 
next Night fhe came againe for Beare." 

With fuch trifling Details was much Time 
confumed by the Court, occupying feveral Days 
and many Pages of its Records. So much only 
was intended to be given here as would enable 
future Inquirers Into the Condition of Society 
and its Laws at this Period in the Life of New 
England, to form a corred: Opinion. No De- 
cifion of the Court is recorded, refpetSting the 
Dilpofal of Mrs. Godman. But about two Years 
later, namely, on the 17th of Odlober, 1655, flie 
was called before the Court of Magiftrates, con- 
fifting of Theophilus Eaton, Efq., Governour, 
Francis Newman, Mr. Benjamin Fenn, and Mr. 
William Leete, Magiftrates. Being "called be- 
fore this Court and told that vpon Grounds 
formerly declared, which ftand vpon Record, ihe 
by her owne Confeffion remains vnder Sufpition 



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96 Annals of Witchcraft 1653-5 

for Witchcraft, and on& more is now added, and 
that is, that one time this laft Summer, comeing 
to Mr. Hookes to beg forae Beare, was at firft 
denyed; but after, ihe was offered fome by his 
Daughter which flood ready drawne, but fhe 
refufed it and would haue fome newly drawne, 
which fhe had, yet went away in a muttering 
difcontented Manner; and after this, that Night, 
though the Beare was good and frefh, yet the 
next Morning was hott, foure and ill tafled ; yea fo 
hott as the Barrel! was warme without Side ; and 
when they opened the Bung it fteamed forth. 
They brewed againe and it was fo alfo, and fo 
continewed foure or fiue Times, one after 
another." Such were the principal Charges 
againft her ; at leaft thefe thus vaguely fet forth 
appear in the Records of the Supreme Court of - 
the Colony, then denominated the " Court of 
Magiftrates." 

The Records contain none of the Evidence 
which fhe brought forward on her Part, but fay 
" fhe brought diuers to the Court that they might 
fay fomething to cleare her, and much Time was 
fpent in hearing them, but to little purpofe ; the 
Grounds of Sufpition remaining full as ftrong as 
before, and fhe found full of lying ; wherefore 
the Court declared vnto her, that though the 
Euidence is not fufficient as yet to take away her 
Life, yet the Sufpitions are cleere and many, 
which fhe cannot by all the Meanes flie hath 
vfed, free herfelf from; therefore fhe muft for- 
beare from goeing from Houfe to Houfe to give 



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1655 i-^ New England. 97 

Offence, and carry It orderly In the Family where 
(he is; which, it Ihe doe not, fhe will caufe the 
Court to committ her to Prifon again; and that 
flie doe now prefently, vpon her Freedom glue 
Securitie for her good Behauiour : and fhe did 
now, before the Court, ingage fifty Pound of her 
Eftate, that is in Mr. Goodyeers Hand, for her 
good Behauiuor, which is further to be cleered 
next Court, when Mr. Goodyeare is at Home." 

As no notice appears in the Records of the 
"next Court," no further Proceedings, were pro- 
bably had againft her; and from the New Haven 
Records we learn that Mrs. Godman lived in the 
Family of Thomas Johnfon, and that (he died on 
the 9th of Otftober, 1660.' 

An Abftraft of the Laws of New England, as 
prepared by the Rev. Mr. John Cotton was pub- 
liflied in London. In this, among- the Capital 
Crimes Is Witchcraft, "which is Fellowlhip by 
Covenant with a familiare Spirit, to be puniflied 
with Death." It father enadls, that, Confulters 
with Witches not to be tolerated, but either to 
be cut off by Death or Banifhment, or other fuit- 
able Punithment."^ 

It was thought an appropriate Time to re-ena<ft 
and promulgate Laws againft Familiarity with 
the Devil, the Fathers of that Day being weak 

I See Cdonial Records of New ^ Hutchinson's ColkSion of Ori- 

Havm, I, 29, 151. ginalPapen, i;z. 

N 



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g8 Annals of Witchcraft 1656 

enough to fuppofe they could prevent it; and we 
are told — what it is eaiy to beheve — that Ac- 
cufations at this Period were common in all Parts 
of New England.' One certainly was executed in 
Bofton in X656, but her Profecution and Con- 
demnation took place the Year before. This 
was Mrs. Anne Hibbins, Wife of Mr. William 
Hibbins.^ It is faid that feveral Perfons were 
executed in the Vicinity and certainly one in 
Bofton, in 1655' but no Names or other Faifts 
appear. 

1656. 

Refpeding the Execution of Mrs. Hibbins, 
that thofe who confummated it may bear their 
Share of the Tranfaction, their Names are here 
fubjoined : John Endicott and Richard Belling- 
ham were Governour and Deputy Governour ; 
Simon Bradftreet, Samuel Symonds, Robert 
Bridges, Thomas Wiggin, Daniel Gookin, Daniel 
Denifon, Simon Willard, and Humphrey Ather- 
ton were Affiftants ; Edward Rawfon was Secre- 
tary. 

The Cafe is abruptly brought up on the 14th 
of May in the General Court, and thus difpofed 
of; the Jury having failed to bring her in guilty : 
" The Magiftrates not receaving the Verdidt of 
the Jury in Mrs. Hibbens hir Cafe, having binn 
on Triall for Witchcraft, it came, and fell of 

I Dr. William Bemley, the ex- ^ For further Particulars, see 

cellent Hiilorian of Salem. Hip,, and Antiqs. Bojlm, 346. 



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1656 in New England. 99 

Courfe to the Generall Court. Mrs. Ann Hib- 
bins was called forth, appeared at the Barr. The 
Indictment againft: her was read, to which ihe 
anfwered, Not guilty, and was willing to be 
trjed by God and this Court. The Evidences 
againft hir was read, the Partjes wittneffing being 
prefent, hir Anlwers confidered on and the whole 
Court being mett together, by theire Vote, de- 
termined that Mrs. Anne Hibbens is guilty of 
Witchcraft, according to the Bill of Indictment 
found againft hir by the Jury of Life and Death. 
The Governour, in open Court, pronound: Sen- 
tence accordingly ; declaring fhe was to goe from 
the Barr to the Place from whence fhe came, 
and from thence to the Place of Execution, and 
there to hang till {he was dead." Then follows; 
" Itt is ordered, that Warrant ftiall iffue out from 
the Secretary to the Marfhall General for the 
Execution of Mrs, Hibbens, on the 5th Day 
next come Fortnight, prefently after the Lefture 
at Bofton, being the igth of June next; the 
Marftiall Generall taking with him a fufficient 
Guard." 

The Evidence which fent this poor Woman to 
an ignominious Grave, was doubtlefs limilar to 
that given at other Trials ; but if preferved it 
has not been met with. According to Hutchin- 
fon, this was the fecond Execution for Witch- 
craft in New England, of which there is any 
Record. 

In Hampton, New Hampftiire, a Profecution 
commenced againft a fuppofed Witch in the Year 



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lOO Annals of Witchcraft 1656 

1656; and although Everybody in the Town, or 
nearly Everybody "and his Relations" believed 
the Accufed a Witch, fhe was " fufFered to live." 
Her Name was Eunice Cole, Wife of William 
Cole who died in 1662. From his Will made a 
few Days before his Death, the Inference is 
drawn that he was much younger than his Wife ; 
but if fo it is a fomewhat of an anomalous Cafe, 
as Eunice was old enough for a Witch fix Years 
earlier, and as a general Thing, only aged Fe- 
males were Witches in thofe Days. 

According to the unvarying Traditions in the 
Town, Unice was a terrible CharaiSer, who, in 
the Imaginations of moil of the People, could 
do fuperhuman Things. The very Mention of 
her Name would hufli crying Children, and 
hurry truant Boys to School. The Historian of 
the Town was difpofed to give her no enviable 
Character, averring that " fhe was a fruitful 
Source of Vexation for a long Series of Years; 
hated and defpifed for her ugly and malicious 
Difpofition, and feared on account of her fup- 
pofed Alliance with the Devil,"' But the dili- 
gent Hiftorian did not meet with her earlieft 
Profecution. He informs us that foon after the 
Death of her Hufband, the Deputy from the 
Town to the General Court was charged with a 
Petition to allow the Town to detain " Unice 
Coule att the Houfe of Corre<Sion according to 
the Court Order." About three Years later, 

1 Manufcript Hiftory ef Hampton, by the late E. W. Toppan. 



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1656 in New England. lOi 

namely, 0<£tober, 1665, William Salter acknow- 
ledged the receipt of eight Pounds, " on Account 
of the Town of Hampton, being due unto me 
for the IVTaintainance of Eunice Cole, Prifoner." 
And, on the 8th of June, 1668, Mr. Salter ac- 
knowledged the Receipt of another eight Pounds, 
"in hogfhead Staves, for keeping Goodwife Cole 
this Yeare." 

Eunice feems to have been alternately at large 
and in Prifon ; and although reprefented as being 
a Terror to the Town, owing to her fuppofed 
League with the Devil, (he does not feem to 
have prevented mifchievous Youngfters from ex- 
ercifing their diabolical or fome other Propenfity 
of playing all Kinds of malicious Tricks upon 
her. Hence ihe became a poor Outcaft, defpifed 
by the Ignorant, and but faintly pitied, if at all, 
by the better Part of the People. Hence the 
Cry of Witch ! Witch ! was eaiily ftarted at any 
Time, and as late as September, 1680, Ihe was up 
before a "Quarter Court" in Hampton, Maj. 
Richard Waldron prefiding, " being by Authori- 
tie committed to Prifon on Sufpition of being a 
Witch ; and from Examination of Teftimonys 
the Court vehemently fufped:s her fo to be." But 
the Court decided that "no full Proof" appear- 
ing, ordered her to be imprifoned, and "a Lock 
kept on her Leg," at the Pleafure of the Court, 
and the Selecft Men " to take Care to provide for 
her as formerly." She muft now have been very 
old, as it was twenty-four Years after her Profe- 
cution in 1656. For fome Years, how many Is 



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102 Annals of Witchcraft 1656 

not ftated, (he lived alone in a little Hut which 
flood on a Spot in the Rear of that on which 
the Academy now ftands. In that (he died, with 
none to affuage her lafl: Sufferings. Some Days 
having elapied before her Death was known, and 
then, according to the current Tradition, it re- 
quired no little Bravery on the Part of the In- 
habitants, to mufter Courage enough to break 
into her Cabin ; this was at length etFefted, and 
the Remains dragged out, a Hole dug near by, 
and the Body tumbled in, and thus flie was there 
buried ; and then a Stake was driven through the 
Body agreeably to the Superftition of the Times. 

So far as is known, the following Depolltions 
are the firlf Afts in the Tragedy of Eunice Cole. 
Thomas Colman or Coleman, on whofe Account 
an Aftion was commenced, fettled in Hampton 
before 1650, He came there from Newbury, In 
which Place he is found as early as 1635. His 
Children, born in Hampton, were Benjamin, 
1640; Jofeph, 1642; and Ifaac, 1647. Abra- 
ham Drake v^as Son of Robert, at whofe Houfe 
the Meeting of the "Celekte" Men was held, 
as mentioned in the Depofition. Robert Drake 
and his Family came from Colchefter, in Etfex, 
England. Coleman, if the fame mentioned In 
the Founders of New England, came from Marl- 
borough in Wiltfhire, in 1635. 

"The Depocefhon of Thomas Coleman and 
Abraham Drake. Theafe Deponents faith, 
aboute a Yeare and halfe agon, thay being at 
Robart Drakes Houce at a Metinge with the 



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1656 in New England. 103 

Celekte Men, Eunes Cooles cam in two the faid 
Houce and demand Help of the Celkt Men for 
Wood or other Thinges, and the Celekt Men 
tould hur {hee had an Eftate of hur oune, and 
neded noe Help of the Toune ; whar vppon 
Eunes ancered, they cold help Good man Robe, 
being a lufte Man, and fliee coolde hau none, 
but Eunes faid all ould not, or Jhould not doe, and 
about two or thre Dayes after this, faid Robe 
loft a Kowe and a Sheepeyerry ftrangly, and one 
of the Men then prefant tould Yunes Cooles {hee 
fhold looke at a Hand of God in it, for with- 

. drauing the Pepell Hartes from helping of hur. 
Eunes Cooles ancered, noe, twas the Deuill did 
it. Depofed in Court, 5 September, 56. 

" Edw. Rawson, Secret. 
"Thomas Coleman and John Redman, de- 
pofed to y^ Evidence, and pticularly to y^ Words 

Jhould not doe. 5th September, 56, 

" Edw. Rawson, Secrety." 
[The laft Sentence in the firft Paragraph, and 
all of the laft Paragraph are in the Autograph of 
Secretary Rawfon,] 

One Cafe of Witchcraft is recorded this Year 
at Portfmouth in New Hampshire. Jane, the 
Wife of Thomas Walford, fell under as ftrong 
Sufpicions as could well be imagined ; and pro- 
bably as much to the Point as any ever indulged 
in elfewhere; but fortunately the Authorities 
could not be inftigated by the Clamours of the 
Multitude to proceed to Extremities. 

The Evidence againft Goodwife Walford being, 



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104 Annals of Witchcraft 1656 

in fome Refpe<ils a little peculiar, a Specimen of 

it follows, She was brought before the Court of 
Affiftants on the Complaint of Sufannah Trim- 
mings, who teftified: "As I was going Home 
on Sunday Night, the 30th of March, I heard a 
ruftling in the Woods, which I fuppofed to be 
occafioned by Swine ; and prefently there ap- 
peared a Woman whom I apprehended to be old 
Goodwife Walford. She afked me where my 
Confort was. I anfwered I had none. She faid, 
thy Confort is at Home by this Time. Lend me 
a Pound of Cotton. I told her I had but two 
Pounds in the Houfe, and I would not fpare any 
to my Mother. She faid I had better have done 
it, that my Sorrow was very great already, and it 
fliould be greater, for I was going a great 
Journey, but fhould never come there. She then 
left me, and I was ftruck, as with a Clap of Fire 
on the Back, and ihe vaniflied toward the Water 
Side, in my Apprehenfion, in the Shape of a Cat. 
She had on her Head a white linnen Hood, tied 
under her Chin, and her Waiftcoat and Petticoat 
were red, with an old green Apron, and a black 
Hat upon her Head. 

"Taken upon Oath, 18 April, 1656, before 
Bryan Pendleton, Henry Sherburn, and Renald 
Fernald." 

If this Testimony did not ferve to convid; Mrs. 
Walford of Witchcraft, it will ferve fome future 
Artift as an excellent Defcription of the Coftume 
of an old Woman of this Period ; for there may 
be no Queftion but that the Witnefs defcribed the 



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1656 in New England. 105 

common Drefs of the Party againft whom Ihe 
was witnefling, which no Doubt was the nearly 
univerfal Coftume at the Time. 

Oliver Trimmings, Hufband of this Witnefs, 
teftitied: "My Wife came Home in a fad Con- 
dition, She palTed by me with her Child in her 
Arms, laid the Child on the Bed, fat down upon 
the Cheft, and leaned upon her Elbow. Three 
Times I afked her how fhe did. She could not 
fpeak. I took her in my Arms and held her up, 
and repeated the Queftion, She forced Breath, 
and Something flopped in her Throat, as if it 
would have flopped her Breath. I unlaced her 
Clothes, and foon fhe fpake, and faid, Lord have 
Mercy upon me, this wicked Woman will kill 
me. I alked her what Woman. She faid Good- 
wife Walford. 1 tried to perfuad her it was only 
her Weaknefs. She told me no, and related as 
above, that her Back was as a Flame of Fire, and 
her lower Parts were, as it were, numb, and 
without Feeling. I pinched her, and flie felt 
not. She continued that Night, and the Day 
and Night following, very ill, and is llill bad of 
her Limbs, and complains ilill daily of it." 
Sworn as above. 

Nicholas Rowe tellified: "That Jane Wal- 
ford, fhortly after fhe was accufed, came to the 
Deponent in Bed, in the Evening, and put her 
Hand upon his Breafl, fo that he could not fpeak 
and was in great Pain till the next Day. By the 
Light of the Fire in the next Room, it appeared 
to be Goody Walford, but llie did not fpeak. She 
O 



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io6 Annals of Witchcraft 1656 

repeated her Vifit about a Week after, and did as 
before, but faid Nothing." 

Ehfa Barton depofed, that "(he faw Sufannah 
Trimmings at the Time (he was ill, and her Face 
was coloured and fpotted with feveral Colours. 
She told me the Story, who replied, that it was 
Nothing but her Fantafy. Her Eyes looked as 
if they had been fcalded." 

John Puddington faid, that "three Years ago, 
Goodwife Walford came to his Mothers. She 
faid that her own Hufband called her an old 
Witch; and when fhe came to her Cattle, her 
Hulhand would bid her begone ; for fhe did 
overlook the Cattle, which is as much as to fay 
in our Country bewitching." 

Agnes Puddington faid, that "on the nth of 
April the Wife of Mr. Evans came to her Houfe, 
and lay there all Night; that a little after Sunfet 
Ihe faw a yellowiih Cat; and Mrs. Evans faid fhe 
was followed by a Cat wherever fhe went. John 
came and law a Cat in the Garden, took down 
his Gun to (hoot her. The Cat got upon a Tree, 
and the Gun would not take Fire, and afterward 
the Cock would not ftand. She afterwards faw 
three Cats. The yellow one vanifhed away on 
the plain Ground, and (he could not tell which 
Way they went."' 

Three others depofed that they heard Eliza- 
beth, the Wife of Nicholas Rowe, fay there were 
three Men Witches at Strawberry Bank. One 

1 Adaras's Annali Pertjmoutb, reilions from the New Hamfjhire 
38-49, wilh Addiiions and Cor- Promncid Papers. 



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1656 in New England, 107 

was Thomas Turpin, who was drowned ; Another 
was "old Ham. The other ihould be Namelefs, 
becaufe he ihould be Blamelefs." 

Upon thefe Teftimonies Goodwife Walton was 
bound over to the next Court, which fat in June 
following, when ilie was again "bound over." 
When the AtSion was finally dropped does not 
appear, but about thirteen Years after, namely, in 
1669, Jane profecuted one Robert Coutch or 
Couch, for Slander, in that faid Couch had re- 
ported that ibe was a Witch. She got her Cafe, 
but not her Claim entirely. The Court feem to 
have thought, that to be called a Witch, at that 
Time, was not very damaging to the Charafter 
of an old Woman, who probably, or poffibly had 
a high Charadler as a Termagant. They there- 
fore ordered Couch to pay her five Pounds, and 
the Court the Cofts of the Profecution. 

The following is given from fpicy George 
Bifhop," who not very unaptly fpeaks of the 
"Bloody Laws and Proceedings" in MalTachu- 
fetts during the Adminiftration of Lieutenant Go- 
vernour Bellingham as " Draconica," He fays, 
and it is believed truly, that fome of the Quakers 
who came to Boilon this Year were treated as 
Witches, and accufed by Perfons in Authority as 
being fuch. 

Ann Auftin and Mary Filher, were, for dif- 

1 New England Judged, by the Women, the Reader is referred to 
Spirit of the Lord, &c. But for BelTe's Sufferings of the fakers, 
a. more full Detail refpefting the II, 177, &c. A Work of the high- 
Treatment of thofe mifguided eft Authority in Quaker Hiftory. 



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io8 Annals of Witchcraft 1656 

tributing certain Books to make Profelytes to the 
Principles of their Seift, lent to Prifon by the 
Governor, declaring them Witches, " and ap- 
pointing Women to fearch them, who took Men 
to help them, in Cafe they had refufed, who 
ftripped them ftark naked, not miifrng Head or 
Feet, fearching betwixt their Toes, and amongft 
their Hair, turning and abufing, their Bodies in 
fuch a Manner, as Modefty will not admit to 
mention." 

Their Books were taken from them, and "the 
Executioners appointed to deftroy them," Al- 
though thefe Females were denounced as Witches, 
and although the Law exifted that Witches 
fhould be put to Death, the Authorities either 
fet the Law at Defiance, or they did not believe 
their own Charges. No Efcape from this Di- 
lemma could be pretended. But they undertook 
to cheat the Devil by traniporting them beyond 
Seas. 

We do not hear that CalTandra Southwick was 
accufed of being a Witch, and yet if any Quaker 
ever was a Witch fhe muft have been one, as the 
Authorities treated her in the fame Manner as 
they did the two Females juft noticed. Whit- 
tier, however, has given the worfl: Phafe of the 
Proceedings in Caifandra's Cafe, relying, it feems, 
entirely upon George Bifliop, while Beffe is more 
reliable. 

She is thus poetically painted in Prifon, the 
Night before fhe was to be (hipped away to be 
fold for Prifon Fees : 



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1656 in New England. 



■' AH Night I fat unHeeping, for I knew that on the Morrow 
The Ruler and the cruel Prieft would mock me in my Sorrow, 
Dragged to their Place of. Market, and bargained for and fold, 
Like a Lamb before the Shambles, like a Heifer from the Fold ! 

■' Slow broke the gray cold Morning; again the Sunfhine fell. 
Flecked with the Shade of Bar and Grate within my lonely 

Cell; 
At length the heavy Bolts fell back, my Door was open caft. 
And flowly at the Sheriff's Side, up the long Street I paffed ; 
I heard the Murmur round me, and felt, but dared not fee, 
How, from every Door and Window, the People gazed on me. 
And Doubt and Fear fell on me. Shame burned upon my 

Swam Earth and Sky around me, my trembling Limbs grew 



Having arrived at the Place of Embarcation, 
CalTandra is made to fay: 

" And there were ancient Citizens, cloak-wrapped and grave 
and cold, 
And grim and ftout Sea-captains with Faces bronzed and old, 
And on his Horfe, with Rawfon, his cruel Clerk at hand. 
Sat dark and haughty Endicott, the Ruler of the Land, 

" Dark lowered the Brows of Endicott, and with a deeper Red 
O'er Rawfon's wine-empurpled Cheek the Flufli of Anger 

fpread ; 
'Good People,' quoth the white-lipped Prieft, 'heed not her 

Words fo wild, 
Her Mafter fpeaks within her,— the Devil owns his Child!' 

" Then to the flrout Sea-captains, the Sheriff, turning, faid, — 
' Which of ye, worthy Seamen, will take this Quaker Maid? 
In the Ifle of fair Barbadoes, or on Virginia's Snore, 
You may hold her at a higher Price than Indian Girl or 
Moor.'" 

And fo on, with full poetic Licenfe, the Poet 



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no Annals of Witchcraft 1657-8 

tells us that no one would undertake the Tranf- 
portation of the " Quaker Maid," and that (he 
thus triumphantly and fcornfully added : 

" I looked on haughty Endlcott ; with Weapon half-way drawn. 
Swept round the Thiong his Lion Glare of bitter Hate and 

Scorn ! 
Fiercely he drew his Bridle-rein, and turned in Silence back. 
And fneering Prieft and baffled Clerk rode murmuring in his 
Track." 

A Cafe of the fuppofed black Art of Diabol- 
ifm difturbed the People of Eafthampton on 
Long Ifland in 1 657. A Mrs. Garlicke was 
brought before the Town Court on Sufpicion of 
Witchcraft, and a Number of Witneffes were ex- 
amined in Support of the Charge. The Magif- 
trates after hearing the Tellimony,' and not being 
Ikilled in the Science of Demonology,* concluded 
to fend the Accufed to the General Court of 
Connecticut, in which the occult Doctrine would 
probably be more fafely applied. 

Goodwife Garlicke was accordingly fent to 
Hartford, and the General Court took the follow- 
ing A<5tion upon her Cafe^ at the May Term, 
1658. Eafthampton was then within the Jurif- 
diftion of the Colony of Connefticut, having 
been formally "annexed" at this Court. The 
Court returned the Woman, and in a Letter lig- 
nified to the Town Authorities, that they had 

t Wood, Hift. L. IJlmd, 24. a Prime, Hiji. L. IJland, 89. 



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1657-8 in New England. ill 

duly confidered the Cafe of Goodwife Garlicke, 
having "paffed a legall tryall therevpon; where- 
vpon, tho there did not appeare fufficient Evi- 
dence to proue her guiky, yet we cannot but well 
approue-and commend the Chriftian Care and 
Prudence of thofe in Authority with you, in 
fearching into y' Cafe. Alfo we thinke good to 
certify, that it is defired and expected, by this 
Court, that you fhould carry neighbourly and 
peaceably, without juft Offence to Jos. Garlicke' 
and his Wife, and that they ihould doe the like 
to you. And y^ Charge, we conceive and ad- 
vife, may be juftly borne as foUoweth : That 
Jos. Garlick fhould beare y^ Charge of his Wives 
Dyet and Ward at Home, with y^ Charge of her 
Tranceportation Hither and returne Home; that 
your Towne fhould beare all theire owne Charges 
at Home, and the Charge of theire Meffengers 
and Witneffes in bringinge the Cafe to Tryall 
here and theire returne Home. The Court be- 
ing content to put y^ Charge of the Tryall here, 
vpon y-' Countrys Account."^ 

It is creditably reported by a local Authority, 
that Mrs. Garlick had been employed in the 
Family of Capt. Lyon Gardiner, and that another 
Woman in the fame Employ had accufed Mrs. 

J His Chi-iftian Name may be not know) rakes the Abbreviation in 

very uncertain, from what is here Ct. Co/. Reroriis, as printed by 

or elfewhere given of it. Thomp- Trumboll, (o be yo/eph. Jofiah would 

fon, Hift. Long IJland, I, 302, fays have anfwered his Purpofe as well, 
it was Jojhm, Prime has it John. 

Thompfon is probably Right. Sa- ^ Col. Records ConneBicut, I, 

vage (upon v^hat Authority we do 572-3. 



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112 Annals of Witchcraft 1^59 

Garlick of caufing the Death of her Child ; 
while, according to Capt. Gardiner, the Woman 
who had been a Witnefs againft Mrs. Garlick, 
had taken an Indian Child to nurfe, and ftarved 
her own Child to Death for the Sake of- the Pay 
the was to receive for fupporting the Indian 
Child.' 

1659. 

To what Extent "Witchery" was practifed in 
Say Brook in Connecticut, in 1659, we are not 
informed; that it did exift, and diflurb the Peo- 
ple there is very fure, or the following Order 
would not have been palled by the General Court 
of that Colony; namely, that Mr. Samuel Willis 
"is requefted to goe downe to Sea Brook, to aiiift 
ye Maior in examininge the Sufpitions about 
Witchery, and to a(fl therein as may be requi- 
fite."'' We do not find any Mention of the Cafe 
afterwards, which leads to the Belief that Mr, 
Willis did not find enough of Witchery to make 
any Report upon to the Court. 

The "Maior," whofe Alfiftance Mr. Willis was 
to receive, was Major John Mafon, long the chief 
military Man of Connefticut. He was Rationed 
at Saybrook in 1647. 

Mr. Samuel Willis was Son of Mr. George 
Willis of Hartford, who came from Fenny 
Compton, in Warwickfliire, England, and fet- 
tled there in 1638, and was Governour of Con- 

1 Prime, in his Hijiery of Long - ConneHkut Cohnial Records, 

IJland, 89. I, 338. 



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1659 ^'^ New England, 113 

nedticut in \(i\2..^ The Name was afterwards 
written Wyllys, at leafl: in fome Branches of the 
Family, perhaps prefuming this to have been the 
original Spelling; but George the Emigrant 
figned his Name WUlis to his Will, and Elfe- 
where. 

There was a Commotion in Andover, MaiTa- 
chufetts, in 1659, which muft have been quite 
considerable, or it would not have caufed the 
venerable Simon Bradftreet to move in the Mat- 
ter, as there is clear Evidence that he did. 

Two original Papers are at Hand, going to 
(how that one John Godfrey of that Town was 
accufed of Witchcraft, that Evidence was taken 
by Mr. Bradftreet, and that Godfrey was tried at 
Bofton fix Years after. The Minutes of Tefti- 
mony in Mr. Bradftreet's Hand are as follows: 

"The Depofions of Job Tylar, aged about 40 
Yeares, Mary his Wife, Mofes Tylar his Sonn, 
aged betwixt 17 and 18 Yeares, and Mary Tylar 
about 15 Yeares old. 

"Thefe Deponants witnelTe that they faw a 
Thing like a Bird to come in at the Dore of there 
Houfe with John Godfrey, in the Night, about 
the Bignes of a Black Bird or rather bigger, to 
wit, as big as a Pigion, and did fly about, John 
Godfrey labouring to catch it, and the Bird van- 
ifhed, as they conceive'd through the Chinck of a 
jointed Board; and being aflced by the Man of 
the Houfe wherefore it came, he anfwered, it 

I ibidem, 468-70. 



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114- Annals of Witchcraft ^659 

came to fuck your Wife. This was (as they 
rember) 5 or 6 Years fince. 

"Taken upon Oath of the four aboue men- 
coned Parties, this 27. 4. 59, before me 

"Simon Bradstreete." 

How it happened that no legal Steps were 
taken for "five or fix Years" after it was dif- 
covered that John Godfrey was accompanied by 
an evil Spirit, or Imp, we are unable to explain. 
And equally unaccountable it is to explain why 
fix other Years were allowed to pafs before any 
Action was taken on the above Depofitlon. 
Whatever the intermediate Steps may have been, 
if any, they are quite as invilible as thofe of 
the preceding "five or fix Years." Yet it is cer- 
tain that the faid John Godfrey and his four Ac- 
cufers did, about fix Years after the above Depo- 
fition was taken, appear before the Court in Bof- 
ton ; for Edward Rawfon, under his own Hand, 
endorfes that Depofition thus: "Owned in 
Court, 7 March, 1665, by Job Tylar and Mofes 
Tylar." Then again, "Owned in Court, 13 
March, 65, by Mary Tyler, on hir former Oath. 
E. R., S^" 

It feems that for fome Reafon the Wife of Job 
Tyler did not arrive as foon as the other 'Mem- 
bers of the Family, and the Court may have been 
kept waiting for other Wifneffes. At all Events 
there feems to have been a Backwardness among 
fome of the Witneffes, as will appear by the 
following Letter fi-om one of them, dated, as will 
be feen, two Days before two of the WitnelTes 



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1659 ^'^ New England. 115 

appeared in Court. They had probably been all 
fummoned at the fame Time, and one of them 
may have brought Mr. Dane's Letter of Excufe. 

"To the honourable Court at Bofton. 

"May it pleafe your Worfliips, I received a 
Warrant under Mr, Secretaries Hand for my Ap- 
pearance at Bofton this Court, to giue in Evi- 
dence, about fome Words that Godfery fpake to 
mee concerning Witches, the which I underftand 
were iliewne in the Court vnder my owne Hand; 
but conlidering y= Neceility thats incumbent by 
Reafon of prevailing Infirmity, I humbly crave 
your favourable Interpretation of my Abfence; 
tis not Difrefped:, nor Negleft of Dutie, my Con- 
fcience witneffing, but Frailtie, Nature, and the 
Rawnes of the Weather; and now hauing pre- 
fented y^ Caufe, I Craue Leaue to draw a Vayle, 
defiring Almighty God to be with you, and to 
conduct you in Pathes of Juftice and Rightouf- 
nes, and Reft. 

*'Your Honours obliged unto 

"all due Seruice in the Lord. 

"March 5. 65. Francis Dane."' 

It would be highly gratifying to know the 
Contents of what was Jhewn in the Court under 
Mr. Dane's Hand. It muft have been very un- 
fatisfadlory in making out a Cafe of Witchcraft, 
or Mr. Dane would not have been fummoned to 

1 Mr. J. W. Dean has given an Gsn. Reg,, VIII, 147-56. The 
excellent Account of the Dane Hon. Nathan Dane was defcended 
Fami!)', in che N. Eng. Hijl. and from John, Brother of Francis. 



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ii6 Annals of Witchcraft 1660 

appear in Perfon. His Infirmities from Age 
could not have been great, for he was fcarcely 

fifty Years old. 

It is very reafonable to fuppofe that the Evi- 
dence againil Godfrey was of too ridiculous a 
Character to be ferioufly confidered, and that he 
was difcharged. After this he probably left An- 
dover, as the Hiftorian of that Town does not 
give him a Place in his Work. Whether he be- 
longed to the Hampton Family of Godfrey is not 
known. He may have been the John Godfrey 
who came to Newbury in 1634.' 

In the great and diftrefling Calamity of 1692, 
Mr, Dane did what he could to allay the Witch- 
craft Excitement, and had his Obfervations been 
liftened to, and his Judgment heeded, many Lives 
would have been faved. But like the Phrenfy 
engendered in the French Revolution, one hun- 
dred Years later, this was a Parallel. His 
Brother John, of Ipfwich, was one of the Jurors 
of the Trials oi 1692, and with others figned an 
Apology afterwards.^ 

1660. 

An Attempt was made at Scituate, in the old 
Colony of Plymouth, to inaugurate a Crufade 
againft: a fuppofed Witch, but the Plot was too 
fhallow, and whatever there was of Deviltry in it 
was thrown upon the one who made the Attempt. 

1 See Founders <if New England, « See The Witchersft Delufisnin 
page 70. New England, III, 121, 135. 



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i66o in New England. 117 

Dinah Sylvefter accufed the Wife of William 
Holmes of being a Witch. From the imperfect 
Record preferved it appears that Dinah fwore that 
Mrs. Holmes appeared to her in the Shape of a 
Bear, "about a Stones Throw from the Path," 
perhaps in the Night or Du{k of the Evening, 
but on this Point the Records are filent. On 
being queftioned "as to what Manner of Tayle 
the Bear had," Dinah faid fhe could not tell, 
"becaufe the Bear's Head was towards her." A 
Blank in-the original Record is conftrued to mean, 
by the able Hiftorian of the Town ' where the 
Cafe happened, that the Tetlimony was probably 
too ridiculous to be entered in full. And the 
Proceedings at the next Court fully fuftain the 
Remark. Dinah was fummoned before the Court, 
fentenced to pay the Coils of Profecution, be 
whipt or make public Acknowledgment for 
falfely accufing Mrs. Holmes. She chofe the 
latter, and her Acknowledgment was entered on 
the Records of the Court. 

Another Cafe of recorded Witchcraft in the 
Old Colony took place in 1676, as will be feen in 
the Order of Time. 

In the Year 1660, Sufpicions of Witchcraft 
fell on Mary Wright of Oyfter Bay, Long Ifland. 
She was a poor and ignorant Woman, and it be- 
came a Matter of grave Neceffity, according to the 
Hiftorian of Long Illand,' "that an Offence of 
fuch enormous Depravity fliould be fully and 

• Samuel Deane, Hiftery Satii- « B. F. Thornpfon, Hiftory Long 

ate, 152. IJlsnd, 161-2. 



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ii8 Annals of Witchcraft 1660 

fatisfadtorily inveftigated ; but as there exifted at 
that Time no domeftic Tribunal which the Peo- 
ple confidered competent to hear and determine 
a Matter of fuch Magnitude, or none to which 
they thought proper to fubmit the Cafe, it was 
finally concluded to tranfport the accufed Party to 
the General Court of Maffachufetts, where 
Charges of this Sort were more common, and 
the Proof necelTary to fupport them better under- 
ftood. She was accordingly arraigned there, and 
the Matter inquired into with all the Formality 
ufual on fuch Occafions. The Evidence of her 
Guilt failed, and flie was acquitted of the Crime 
of Witchcraft. She was neverthelefs convidled 
of being a Quaker, a Crime, in the Eftimation of 
the Court, of almoft equal Enormity, and was 
fentenced to be banifhed out of the Jurifdidlion." 
Unfortunately for this Story, Nothing of a 
legal Proceeding is produced from the Long 
Ifland Records, or appears in the General Court 
Records of Maffachufetts. Nor do the Quaker 
Hiftorians, who let no Name of a perfecuted Per- 
fon efcape them, allude to any Charge of Witch- 
craft having been brought againft any one of 
their SecS at the Period in Queftion. But under 
the Year 1664, Sewell,' after detailing the Treat- 
ment of Chriftifon and others in the "bloody 
Town of Bofton," and lamenting that "no Ex- 
hortations feemed to take any Hold of the Perfe- 
cutors," continues: "For once a Girl of thirteen 

i Hift. cf the Rife, Increafe and Edit. 2 Vols., 8vo., Philaddplua, 
Progre/s of the fakers, I, 370. 1832, 



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1 662 



in New Km 



119 



or fourteen Years of Age, called Hannah Wright, 
whofe Sifter had been baniflied for Religion, was 
ftirred with fuch Zeal, that coming from Long 
Ifland, feme Hundreds of Miles from Bofton, into 
that bloody Town, flie appeared in the Court 
there, and warned the Magiftrates to fpill no more 
innocent Blood. The Saying fo ftruck them at 
iirft, that they all fat iilent; till Rawfon, the 
Secretary, faid: "What, ftiail we be baffled by 
fuch a one as this? Come, let us drink a dram. 
And here the Hiftorian abruptly leaves his Read- 
ers. But in Beffe, under the Year 1661, it is 
ftated that after Sentence of Death was paffed on 
Wenlock Chriftefon, and he was remanded to 
Prifon to await Execution, which was to be on 
June 13th (1661), an Order of Court (probably 
occafioned by fome Intelligence from London, of 
Complaints againft them) was ilTued for the En- 
largement of him, and twenty-feven others then 
in Prifon," ' for the Crime of being Quakers. 
All the Names are given, and among them are 
found thofe of Mary Wright and Hannah Wright. 
Neither does George Bifhop,^ who wrote near the 
Time, add Anything but the Names before re- 
ferred to. 

1662. 
A Woman and her Huiband, of the Name of 
Greenfmith, were executed at Hartford in 1662,5 

I Suffering! of the People called 3 Prom an Enlry in Goff'e's Di- 

Qmkeri, II, 2zy\. Alfo Abftrali ary, exsraaed by Hiitchinfovi, it ap- 

af the Suffering!, Ill, 207-8. pears that on Jan. 20, 1662, three 

Witches were condemned at Hart- 

" Neui England Judged, 340. ford, which doubtlefs refers to this 

Affair, and the true Date is 1 662-3 ■ 



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I20 Annals of Witchcraft 1662 

or in purfuance of Adts of Witchcraft begun this 
Year. From what can be learned from Sources 
now before us, they may have been put to Death 
by a Mob, as the General Court Records contain 
no Account of their Trial nor Condemnation. 
Mrs. Greenfmith is alleged to have been "a lewd 
and ignorant Woman ; " that the latter Part 
of the Charge was true is very likely, judging 
from the Anfwers flie gave when queftioned about 
the Charge of a League with the Devil, She 
had been caft into Prifon under that Charge, and 
while fhe lay there a Woman named Ann, 
Daughter of John Cole, who lived near a Dutch 
Family, was feized in a ftrange Manner with Fits, 
"wherein her Tongue was improved by a Demon 
to exprefs Things which ilie herfelf knew No- 
thing of," Among her Incoherencies when in 
thefe Fits, ihe faid certain " Perfons were confult- 
ing how they might carry on mifchievous Defigns 
againft her; that they would affliil her Body, 
fpoile her Name, &c." After which the Demon 
laid, "Let us confound her Language, that ilie 
may tell no more Tales," Then ftie made Utter- 
ances in Dutch, of which Language £he knew 
Nothing. "The Rev, Mr. Stone being by, de- 
clared, that he thought it impoffible for one not 
familiar with the Dutch fhould 'i.o exactly imitate 
the Dutch Tone in the Pronunciation of Englifh." 
And "feveral worthy Perfons wrote the intelligi- 
ble Sayings expreffed by Ann Cole, whilefl rtie 
was thus amazingly handled." Among thefe 



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1 662 in New England. i2i 

"worthy Perfons" were "Mr. John Whiting, 
Mr. Samuel Hooker, and Mr. Jofeph Hains." 

Among the Attendants on the bewitched 
Woman, fome one of them mentioned the Name 
of the poor "lewd and ignorant" Woman then 
lying in Prifon, as already mentioned. She was 
immediately fent for, and charged with certain 
Adls done and intended to be done againft Mrs. 
Cole; the fame having been written down, and 
now read by Mr. Whiting and Mr. Haines. And 
we are told that "the Woman being aftoniihed 
thereat, confelTed thofe Things to be true, and 
that £he and other Perfons named in this preter- 
natural Difcourfe, had had FamiHarity with the 
Devil." But on the next Day, having probably 
refiecSed that (he had fallen into a Snare prepared 
for her, was in a Rage againft Mr. Haines, and 
denied all Knowledge of Witchcraft; but at 
Length, probably bewildered by the ftrange Quef- 
tions of her Tormentors, "Ihe declared that the 
Devil firfl: appeared to her in the Form of a Deer 
or Fawn;" and that finally "the Devil had fre- 
quently carnal Knowledge of her ; " that " the 
Witches had Meetings not far from her Houfe ; 
that fome appeared in one Shape, and others in 
another. One came flying amongft them in the 
Shape of a Crow." Upon this Confeffion, with 
other concurrent Evidence, the Woman was exe- 
cuted; fo likewife was her Hufband, though he 



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122 Annals of Witchcraft ■ 1662 

did not acknowledge himfelf guilty." ' There 
were fome other Perfons accufed at the fame 
Time, but they had the good Fortune to make 
their Efcape by Flight. 

It is conclufively added, that, as foon as the 
fufpeded Witches were either executed or fled, 
Mrs. Cole was reftored to Health!^ But the 
crowning Part of this Tale is to come, from 
which it will appear that Mr. and Mrs. Green- 
fmith were not hanged, according to the ufual 
Cuftom, but "there were fome that had a Mind 
to try whether the Stories of Witches not being 
able to fink under Water were true," that accord- 
ingly a Man and Woman accufed by Ann Cole, had 
their Hands and Feet tied together and call: into 
the Water, and that they "both fwam after the 
Manner of a Buoy." A third was thrown in, 
and "he immediately funk right down." 

The Preferver and Relator of this Affair in the 
Style of the Dark Ages, adds concerning thofe 
thus inhumanly executed, "they very fairly took 
their Flight, not having been feen in that Part of 
the World fince." 3 

All we find in the Records in which the Name 
of Greenfmith appears, occurs feveral Years later, 



I I. Mather, Remarkable Provi- ^ Fob. 24 [1662-3]. After one 

deniei. Mather compofed his Ac- of :hc Witches was hanged, the 

count from a Communication of IWaid was Well. Goffe's Diary, 

Mr. John Whiting, before men- in Hutchinfon, Hijiory of MaJJa- 

tioned. The Story as given by the chufeiU Buy, II, p. 1 8. 
Latter is now publiflied in Hift. 

Colls. Ms. H. Soe., XXXVIII, ^ Remariabk Promden(es,s.iht- 

466-9. fore cited. 



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1 66 2 in New Kngland. 123 

and is as follows: "This Court impowers Mr. 
Sam'l Willys, Capt" Tallcott and the Secretary 
[Mr. John Allyn] to make a Deed of Sale to 
Andrew Benton, of Nath : Greenfmith's Houfe 
and Land, which was feized for Charge expended 
on faid Greenfmith, and fold to G. Benton." ' 

The diabolical Method of determining whether 
Perfons were Witches by calling them into the 
Water with their Limbs tied together with Cords, 
is afcribed by fome to that abominable Mifcreant, 
Matthew Hopkins, though it is faid to have been 
recommended by King James (if he did not in- 
vent it), who affigned as a Reafon, "that as fuch 
Perfons have renounced their Baptifm by Water, 
fo the Water refufes to receive them." 

Butler, in his peculiar Manner thus refers to 
Hopkins, who, it is faid, fufFered by the fame 
Ordeal by which he had caufed the Death, in one 
Year, of no leis than fixty Perfons in his own 
County of EiTex : ^ 

" the Godly may alledge 

For any Thing their Priviledge; 
And to the Dev'l hitnfelf may go, 
If they have Motives thereunto. 
For as there is a War between 
The Dev'l and them, it is no Sin, 
If they hy fubtle Stratagem, 
Make ule of him, as he does them. 
Has not this prelent Parliament 

1 Col. Recordi of ConneaUut, Afts, [ will only refer the Reader 

11, 91. to Dr. Hutchinfon's EJfay, p. 8i- 

92, where Enough will be found to 

* It not being my Purpofe to give enable him to underltand Hudibras 
an Account of Hopkins and his fully, in the Lines eitrafted above. 



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124 Annals of Witchcraft 1664 

A Legar to the Devil fent, 

FuUy empower'd to treat about 

Finding revolted Witches out : 

And has not he within a Year, 

Hang'd Threefcore of them in one Shire ? 

Some only for not being drown'd, 

And fome for fitting above Ground, 

Whole Days and Nights upon their Breeches, 

And feeling Pain, were hang'd for Witches ? 

And fome for putting knavifti Tricks 

Upon Green-Geefe and Turkey Chicks, 

Or Pigs, that fuddenly deceaft. 

Of Griefs unnac'ral, as he gueft ; 

Who after prov'd himfelf a Witch, 

And made a Rod for his own Breech." ' 



In this Connection it will be worth While to 
notice, that, a Queilion went about many Years 
ago in England, reipedting Perfons formerly burnt 
for Witchcraft; as to where and when the lafl 
Cafe of the Kind took place? The Anfwer 
which was given, has not, it is believed, been 
called in Queftion. It amounted to this: It is 
not quite certain that Amy Duny, and Rofe Cul- 
lender or Callender, condemned by Sir Matthew 
Hale, at Bury St. Edmunds, were burnt, although 
by fome Accounts it is fo ftated. In the fame 
Year (1664) Alice Hudfon was burnt at York, 

1 Butler's Hudibras, Canto ill, into the Water, and lie was found 

p. 333-4, edition 16S4. It will be to fwim as others did. Thus they 

feen by the Authority before cited, cleared the Country of him ; " and 

that when People began to refleft it was a great deal of Pity," iays 

upon Hopkins's Doings, they feized ihe Relator, " ihat they did not 

him, tied his own Thumbs and think of the Experiment fooner." — 

Toes together, as he ufed to tie Dr. Francis Hutchinibn, Hijiorical 

others ; in this Condition eaft him Effay Cojiceming Witchcraft, 87, 



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1665 ifi New York. 125 

having been condemned for receiving ten Shillings 
on a certain Time of the Devil. As late as 1722, 
the Ninth of George the Firft, a Cafe occurred 
at Little Dean, in Scotland, where a Captain 
David Rofs was Judge. But a Girl was Burnt at 
Glarus, in Ireland, in 1786! 

The Experiment of calling into the Water 
occurred as late as 1785. According to a Report 
in a Northampton Paper (England), a poor 
Woman named Sarah Bradihaw, being proceeded 
againfl- for Witchcraft, was thrown into a Pond. 
She immediately fank to the Bottom; and thus 
the Wretches who atSed as Executioners were 
fatisfied flie had been falfely accufed. This 
occurred at a Place called Mears Alhby. 

1665. 

During the Adminiftration of the Govern- 
ment of New York by Richard Nicolls, Efq., 
one Cafe of Witchcraft, at leaft, found its Way 
into the Courts. That they were as common as 
in other cotemporary Communities of the Day, 
there is not much Doubt. That they were not 
Matters of legal Inveftigation, pollibly depended 
on the Abfence of a fpecial Law for fuch a Con- 
tingency, or that the Laws in general were lefs 
regarded than they were among their Neighbours 
in fome of the other Colonies. Certainly in 
New Jerley, the Legends of an exifting Witch- 
craft, or a certain Belief that it had exifted there 
is current in many Places, and a Witch Tree is. 



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126 Annals of Witchcraft 1665 

or was, pointed out not many Years ago, in a cer- 
tain Locality. 

The Cafe which came before the Court of 
Affizes in New York in 1665, was that of Ralph 
■ Hall, and his Wife Mary Hall ; and although 
they were eventually acquitted, they were held in 
Durance about three Years.^ The Charge in the 
Indiftment againfl: Hall was that he "upon the 
25th Day of December [1663], being Chriftmas 
laft was twelve Months, and feveral other Days 
and Times fince that Day, by fome deteftable and 
wicked Arts, commonly called Witchcraft and 
Sorcery, did (as fufpedted) malicioufly and feloni- 
ouily pradiife and exercife, at the Town of Seatal- 
cott [lince Setauket, now Brookhaven], in the 
Eaft: Riding of Yorklliire, on Long Illand, on 
the Perfon of George Wood, late of the fame 
Place, by which wicked and deteftable Arts the 
faid George Wood (as is fufpedted) moft danger- 
oufly and mortally lickened and languifhed, and 
not long after, by the aforefaid wicked and de- 
teftable Arts, the faid George Wood (as is like- 
wife fufpedted) died," Alfo it was alleged, in the 
fame Indi<ftment, that an Infant Child of Ann 
Rogers, Widow of the aforefaid George Wood, 
had, "fome While after the Death" of Wood, 
fickened and died, and that its Death was caufed 
by the faid Hall. The fame Indidtment was alfo 
recited againft the Wife of Hall, and then a 
Bundle of Depofitions was read to the Court (no 

1 It is doubtkfs to this Cafe that York. i-efers, p. 1 66, though in fuch 
Watfoii, in his Annah of New an obfeure Way ii 



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1665 if^ New England. 127 

WitnelTes appearing in Perfon), and the Accuied 
called upon by the Clerk to hold up the right 
Hand, and the fubftance of the Charges were 
reiterated. They pleaded not Guilty, and their 
Cafe was committed to the Jury. In due Time 
the Jury rendered a Verdidt, to the Effed: that 
they " found fome Sufpicions of what the Woman 
was charged with, but Nothing confiderable of 
Value to take away her Life ; but in Reference 
to the Man, we find Nothing confiderable to 
charge him with."^ 

The Sentence of the Court was, that Hall 
"ihould be bound Body and Goods for his Wife's 
Appearance at the next Seffions, and ib on from 
Seffions to Seffions, as long as they ftay in this 
Government. In the mean While to be of good 
Behaviour." Under thefe Bonds they continued 
until the 21ft of Auguft, 1668, at which Time 
" they were living upon the Great Miniford's 
Ifiand." And we do not find that they were 
compelled to pay the Cofts, as was often the Cafe 
with Parties acquitted elfewhere. 

In March of this Year a Woman named Eliza- 
beth Seger was tried for Witchcraft at Hartford, 
and found Guilty by a Jury. But the Court was 
not convinced of the Truth of the Charge, or of 
the Sagacity of the Jury, and the Woman was 
fet at Liberty.'' Whether ftie was muld: in Cofts, 

' Yates, Appendix to Stnilh'i lory of Neta Isri, IV, 133. 
Hill N. York, 509-1 1. Spafford's 

Gsxetteer of N. Tork, 61-2. Edi- a judJ, Hi/i. Hsdley, 233, Mr. 

1824. See a more accurate Judd has given us one of die very 



Account in the Documentary Hi/- beft Local Hiilories. 



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128 Annals of Witchcraft 1669 

as was frequently the Cafe in fimllar Acquittals, 
is not known. 

1669. 

The Profecution of Sufannah Martin, of SaUf- 
bury, for Witchcraft, in 1669, very likely was 
prompted on the Part of certain Perfons by 
Malice. She was fubfequently, and no Doubt 
previoufly, engaged in Litigations. Thefe before 
1669, it is affumed, were the Caufe of this Profe- 
cution. Several Perfons who gave Evidence ad- 
verfe to her Claims in fome civil Adions, appeared 
as fwift Witnefles at her final and fatal Trial 
afterwards, as will be feen by confulting the 
Wonders of the Invifibk World. 
" In 1672 ihe had the Liberty of the General 
Court to review her former A6lion, "and fue at 
Salifbury Court, fub forma Pauperis." The next 
Year the following Record is made under the 
fame Authority: "In Anfwer to the Petition of 
Sufanna Martyn, humbly defiring the Favour of 
this Court to grant her further Liberty, and that 
her Sifter Jones may be joined with her, further 
to profecute and trye hir Accion in the next 
County Court in Norfolk, the Court grants 
hir Petition, and that hir Sifter Jones be joyned 
with hir in the Profecution and Trjall of Aftion, 
as hath binn formerly granted by this Court." 

The following Year (1674) the Genera] Court 
Records recite : "In Anfwer to the Petition of 
George and Sufanna Martyn and Mary Jones, the 
Court judgeth it meet to grant the Petitioners a 



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1670 



in New Kn gland. 129 



Hearing of the whole Cafe the next Seffion of 
this Court, the fajd Peticoners giving Notice to 
all Partjes concerned." At the next Court Judg- 
ment was given againft the Plaintiffs, with Cofts, 
and "five Pounds for hearing the Cafe, which 
laft was remitted on the importunat Peticons of 
faid Sufanna Martyn." Nathaniel Winflow was 
the Defendant. 

The Fate of Sufanna Martin in the memorable 
Year 1692, is fpecially dwelt upon in the Work 
before mentioned, and will be found noticed 
when we come to that Year. 

1670. 
Some Time previous to the May Term of the 
General Court of Connedticut, Katharine Harri- 
fon, of Wethersfield, was arretted, charged with 
the Crime of Witchcraft, and imprifoned.' How 
long £he fuffered Imprifonment we have not the 
Means of ftating. She had been convifted by a 
Jury, at the May Term of the Court of Affift- 
ants. A fpecial Court was affigned for her Trial, 
with other Prifoners, charged with other Offences. 
What we find on Record refpetfting her runs 
thus: The Special Court "hauing confidered 
the Verdidt of the Jury refpe(fting Kathern Har- 
rifon, cannot concur with them fo as to fentence 
her to Death, or to a longer Continuance in Re- 
ftraynt," The Court thereupon ordered her to 

1 According to Judd, Hie was vious Oftober (1669).— Z?^iJ;-_j e^ 
tried by a Jury at Hartford ihe pre- Rsdley, 233. 

R 



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130 Annals of Witchcraft 1670 

be fet at Liberty; but with the moiiftrous Provifo 
that ihe fhould pay the Cofts of her Imprifon- 
ment ! Alfo "wiUing her to minde the Fullfil- 
ment of remoueing from Weathersfield, which is 
that will tend moft to her owne Safety and the 
Contentment of the People who are her Neigh- 
bours."' 

From thefe fcanty Fadts it may be conje<£tured 
without great Hazard, that Mrs. Harrifon may 
have been a troublefome Neighbour, but how the 
Court juftified Itfelf for fuch Decilion a modern 
Jurift might find it difficult to determine. As 
Mrs. Harrifon was obliged to leave Weathersfield, 
flie proceeded to Weftchefter in New York, and 
there probably hoped to remain Quiet, but her 
evil Genius followed her, and Ihe was profecuted 
there the fame Year, and bound over to good 
Behaviour. But at the Court in Oftober follow- 
ing (1670), it was ordered, " that in Regard there 
is no Thing appears againft Katharine Harryfon, 
Widow, deferving the Continuance of that Obli- 
gation, fhe is to be releafed from it, and hath 
Liberty to remain in the Towne of Weftchefter, 
where Ihe now refides, or Anywhere elfe in the 
Government, during her Pleafure."'' 

The perfecuted Woman had a Family of Child- 
ren, but how many is not mentioned. There 
were feveral Petitions fent to the Governour re- 
quefting that flie ftiould be fent out of Weft- 
chefter, and the Complaints againft her feem to 

1 Coknial Records of ComeSikut, ^ Yates, Appendix to SmitVs 
U, 13Z. Hift. NewTork, 511. 



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i6yi in New England. 131 

have been very general. She was given an 
Afylum in the Houfe of one Captain Richard 
Panton,' a Name of rare Occurrence in our An- 
nals; bat once occurring, and then in Connection 
of a moft tragic Event. ^ 

1671. 

We come novt- to the Cafe of Elizabeth Knap,J 
a Maid, of Groton, "who, in the Month of Oc- 
tober, 1 67 1, was after a very ftrange Manner, 
fometimes weeping, fometimes laughing, fome- 
times roaring hideoufly, with violent Motions 
and Agitations of her Body, crying out. Money! 
Money! &c. In November following, her 
Tongue for many Hours together was drawn like 
a Semicircle up to the Roof of her Mouth, not 
to be removed, though Some tried with their 
Fingers to do it. Six Men were fcarce able to 
hold her in Some of her Fits, but llie would fkip 
about the Houfe, yelling, and looking with a 
moll: frightful Afpedt. On December 17th her 
Tongue was drawn out of her Mouth to an ex- 

i Doeumentary Hiflory of New and is \a the Form of a Diary. 

York.lV, 136-8. Towards the Clofe he fays : "Shee 

freely acknowledged that the Devjll 

8 See Hi/iory and Antlquiiiei of was wont to appear to her in the 

Bojion, 765-6. Houfe of God and divert her Mind 

and chaise her Ihee ffiould not give 

3 The Account of this Perfon's Ear to what that black coated Rogue 
" Strange Cafe " is taken from one fpake. Whether fliee have cove- 
of exlenfive Detail by the Rev. nanted with ihe Devil) or not, I 
Samuel Willard, who in the Time thinke this is a Cafe unanfwerable :" 
of it lived at Groton. It occupies i. ^., in this Cafe he believed fhe had, 
fifteen clofely printed oflavo Pages, Colls. Ms. B. Sec, XXXVIII, 570. 



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132 Annals of Witchcraft 1671 

traordinary Length. And now a D^mon began 
manifellly to Ipeak in her, in a Voice not her 
own, and without any Motion of her Lips, and 
without the Ufe of any of the Organs of Speech. 
The Things then uttered by the Devil were 
chiefly RaiUngs againft the Rev. Mr. Samuel 
Willard, then the Minifter of Groton. Alfo the 
D^mon belched forth moft horid Blafphemies, 
exalting himfelf above the Moft High. After 
this ftie was taken Speechlefs for fome Time. In 
fome of her Fits fhe accufed one of her Neigh- 
bours of being the Caufe of her Afflldlions." 
But it fo happened that the Perfon thus cried out 
upon "was a very fincere holy Woman," who on 
hearing that fhe was accufed, went to fee the 
"poor Wretch." She found her in one of her 
Fits, and though with her Eyes fail clofed, "de- 
clared who was there, and could tell the Touch 
of that Woman from any One elfe. But the 
Party thus accufed and abufed by a malicious 
Devil, prayed earneftly with and for the poffelTed 
Perfon; after which (he confelfed that Satan had 
deluded her, making her believe Evil of her good 
Neighbour, without any Caufe. Nor did flie 
after that complain of any Apparition, yea, ihe 
faid, that the Devil had himfelf in the Likenefs 
and Shape of Divers, tormented her very Diverily 
and cruelly, and then told her it was not He but 
They that were her Tormentors."' 

This Story has been given to fhow how, in 

1 I. Mather, D. D., RsmarkMe Providences^ and Mogilalia, B, VI, 67. 



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1672-3 in New England. 133 

thofe Times, a tolerably fevere Cafe of Hyfterics' 
could be magnified by thofe who had an exceed- 
ingly large Maggot of Credulity in their Brains. 
Groton is only thirty-three Miles from Bofton, 
but the Story, in travelling even that fhort Dif- 
tance, had no Doubt fwollen into fuch Propor- 
tions, as to have but a faint Likenefs to the 
Original. 

The Condition of Elizabeth Knap was proba- 
bly very fimilar to that of Elizabeth Barton (the 
Holy Maid of Kent), who, for her Pretenfions to 
Infpiration, "Convulfions and ftrange Motions of 
Body," was put to Death in the Time of Henry 
the Eighth, 1584. 

1672. 

A Cafe of Witchcraft is reported to have 
occurred in Weftchefter County, New York, in 
1672. A Complaint was preferred "to the Go- 
vernour and Council againfl: a Witch which had 
come among them." This has Reference, with- 
out Queftion, to Katharine Harrifon, whofe 
Profecution has been detailed under the Year 
1670. 

1673. 

The Cafe of Katharine Harrifon is fuppofed to 
have been revived again this Year; and the Com- 
plaint againft her happened to be prefented juft 
after the Dutch had repoffelled themfelves of 

1 Hutcbinfon calls her " another Ventrikqua" — Hiji. uf Mafi., 11, 1 7. 



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134 Annals of Witchcraft 1674 

New Amfterdam. At the Time of the Com- 
plaint Captain Anthony Colve, who was in Com- 
mand of one of the Dutch Men of War at the 
Capture of the Fort, feems to have had the Go- 
vernment in his Hands, as the Complaint was 
preiented to him for Adtion. He treated it with 
Contempt, and thus the Al^ir ended. 

1674. 

Mrs. Mary Bartlett, Wife of Mr. Samuel Bart- 
lett, of Northampton, having died in July of this 
Year, and as her Complaint was not underftood 
by fuch "Chirurgeons" as the Neighbourhood 
afforded, a ready Solution of the Cafe was found 
by attributing it to Witchcraft. The next Step 
was to fix upon the Witch; and ftrange to fay, in 
this Inftance, one of the mofl:, if not the moft 
accomplifhed, and of the higheft Standing in the 
Place, was fixed upon. This was Mrs. Mary 
Parfons, whofe Huiband, Mr. Jofeph Parfons, 
was one of the wealthieft Men in Northampton.' 

It is conjectured that the Standing of Mrs. 
Parfons had much to do with the Accufation. 
She may have been fomewhat Exclufive in the 
Choice of her AlTociates, and even of haughty 
Manners towards the Parties by whom fhe was 
fingled out for Perfecution ; but as to this Nothing 
is pofitively known. 

On the 29th of September, about two Months 

1 As thefe were ihe maternal An- as Particular in detailing the Fads 
ceftora of the Writer, he has been as the Doeumenta warrant. 



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1675 ^'^ New Kn gland, 135 

after the Death of Mrs. Bartlett, a Court met at 

Springfield. Mr. Bartlett in the Meantime had 
beftirred himfelf to procure Evidence to fuftain 
his Charge of Witchcraft againft Mrs. Parfons, 
in the Shape of Depofitions. This Lady know- 
ing what was going on, did not wait to be fum- 
moned, but appeared before the Court in Perfon. 
The Subftance of her Speech was, that "fhe did 
alTert her own Innocency, often mentioning how 
clear the was of fuch a Crime, and that the 
righteous God knew her Innocency, and (he left 
her Caufe in his Hand." But her Proteftations 
and Difclamations of all Knowledge of Witch- 
craft had little or no Effedt upon the Court of 
Springfield, and that Court at once proceeded to 
do all which lay in its Jurifdidlion. It "ap- 
pointed a Jury of foberdized, chafte Women to 
make diligent Search upon the Body of Mary 
Parfons, whether any Marks of Witchcraft ap- 
pear, who gave in their Account to the Court on 
Oath, of what they found." Whether they found 
Anything extraordinary in their Search is not 
known, although it is faid, that the Report which 
they made, together with the Evidence, was 
forwarded to the Governour and Magiftrates at 
Boflon. The Accufed was alfo ordered to appear 
before them, and was bound over for her further 
Appearance, in the Sum of fifty Pounds, her 
Huiband becoming bound in that Sum. 

On the 2d of March, 1675, the was indiited 
by the Grand Jury, and fent to Prifon to await 
Trial. On the 13 th of May following ftie was 



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136 Annals of Witchcraft 1675 

tried, on the Charge of Witchcraft, "in that fhe 
had, not having the Fear of God before her 
Eyes, entered into FamiUarity with the Devil, 
and committed fundry A£t:s of Witchcraft on the 
Perfon or Perfons of one or more." She of Courfe 
pleaded "not Guilty," arid fhe was cleared by the 

It may be worthy of Notice that at this Time 
the Hon. John Lever ett was Govern our, and 
Generals Gookin and Denifon were Affiftants. 
Thefe were three of the moft enlightened Men 
of the Time, and they doubtlefs exerted a benign 
Influence on the Jury. Hence Witch Finders 
were difcouraged, and the Country was relieved 
for a Time. An Attempt was however made 
againft John Parfons, Son of Jofeph and Mary 
Parfons, and a Quantity of Evidence was made 
up to prove his "Familiarity with the Devil," 
but the County Court did not think the Evidence 
ftrong enough, or they had not Faith enough 
in the Weaknefs of the Governour and his Affift- 
ants to fend the Accufed down to Bofton, and 
thus the Cafe was abandoned. 

1675. 

The Practice of Witchcraft among the Indians 
gave the EngHfh a good deal of Trouble. Per- 
haps it did not occur to them that it was a Child 
of Barbarifm, and that in Proportion to the Pre- 
valence of Knowledge it would difappear. But 

• Chieflj' from Fads found in Judd's Hi/Ury of Hadky. 



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1676 in New England. 137 

when Mankind at any given Period take a retro- 
fpedtive View, they have affumed that all Men pre- 
vious to their own Age and Country were wal- 
lowing in an Ignorance far greater than that by 
which they were befet. Hence, in the Year 
1675, among other Laws for the Government of 
the Pequot Indians, this was enadted by the 
General Court of Connecticut: "Whofoever 
ihall Powau or vfe Witchcraft, or any Worihip 
of the Devill, or any fals Gods, fhall be con- 
vented and punifhed." 

1676. 

Notwithftanding her ftringent Laws againft 
Witchcraft, the Old Colony of Plymouth never 
found itfelf obliged to execute any one for that 
Crime, as is believed. And for about fixteen 
Years no Cafe of the Kind, fo far as known, was 
ever carried into Court. But, in the Midft of 
the terrible War with King Philip, namely, in 
March, 1 676, one Mary Ingham, Wife of Thomas 
Ingham, of Scituate, was indifted and arraigned 
before the Court. The Indldtment runs thus: 
"Mary Ingham: thou art indited by the Name 
of Mary Ingham, of the Towne of Scittuate, in 
the Jurifdiiftion of New Plymouth, for that thou, 
haueing not the Feare of God before thyne Eyes, 
haft, by the Healp of the Deuill, in the Way of 
Witchcraft or Sorcery, mallicioufly procured much 
Hurt, Mifcheiffe, and Paine vnto the Body of 
Mehittable Woodworth, the Daughter of Walter 



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138 Annals of Witchcraft 1676 

Woodworth, of Scittuate aforefaid and fome 
Others, and particularly cauiing her, the faid Me- 
hittable, to fall into violent Fitts and caufing 
great Paine vnto feueral Parts of her Body att 
feuerall Times, foe as fhee, the faid Mehittable 
Woodworth, hath bin almoft bereaued of her 
Sences, and hath greatly languifhed, to her much 
Suffering therby, and the Procuring of great 
Greiffe, Sorrow, and Charge to her Parents; all 
which thou haft procured and don againft: the 
Law of God, and to his great Dilhonor, and 
Contrary to our Soueraign Lord the King, his 
Crowne and Dignitie." 

After all this high founding Manifefto, fome 
Show of a Trial might reafonably be expeifted, 
and at leaft the Names of Witneifes given; but 
there appears Nothing of the Kind on Record. 
The Records, however, do fay : "The faid Mary 
Ingham did putt herfelfe on the Tryall of God 
and the Countrey," and was cleared of this "In- 
ditement in Proceffe of Law by a Jury of twelue 
Men." 

It would be exceedingly Interefting to know 
what the Evidence was againft the Accufed ; for 
without it we cannot give the Court credit either 
for Sagacity or Lenity. But in the State of So- 
ciety of that Time, we may reafonably conclude 
that the Evidence muft have been lame indeed, 
or the Party would not have efcaped Conviction. 
Jofiah Winllow was Governour of the Colony, 
and the Jury that tried Mary Ingham confifted 
of Mr. Thomas Haikins, John Wadfworth, John 



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1678 in New England. 139 

Howland, Abraham Jackfon, Benajah Pratt, John 
Blacke, Marke Snow, Jofeph Bartlett, John Rich- 
mond, Jerud Talbutt, John Fofter, and Seth 
Pope. 

This Trial took place during the darkefl: Days 
of a War, which, of itfelf was enough, as fince 
viewed, to have diverted the Mind of every In- 
habitant from all Subje<5ts excepting what might 
tend to the Prefervation of the Country. But 
Superftition and Fanaticifm cling to the unculti- 
vated Mind, even to the Jaws of Death. 

To urge at this Day, the Claim for the Peo- 
ple of Plymouth, that it was owing to their 
"good Senfe," or fuperior Wifdom, that None 
were put to Death for Witchcraft, is very Pre- 
pofterous. The fimple Reafon that no Execu- 
tions took place in fome of the New England 
Colonies is, the Evidence brought forward was 
not fo ftrong as was produced in thofe Colonies 
where Executions followed Convi<5tions; not 
that the Authorities were lefs difpofed to fuch 
Profecutions. 

1678. 

Thomas Mayhew, of Martha's Vineyard, 
wrote to the Commiflioners of the United Co- 
lonies, apparently in Anfwer to Queftions relating 
to the Condition of the Indians of that Illand, 
that there were about one hundred and forty 
Men there which were "not tainted with 

^ His Letfer may be feen in the malogkal Rsgijier, Vol. IV, 17. 
New England Hiprkal and Ge- 



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I4-0 Annals of Witchcraft 1679 

DrunkennelTe," and that as to Witchcraft, that 
was but of Ufe among them. Hence, if this 
Statement was correct, the Indians of that Lo- 
cahty were much in Advance of their white 
Neighbours. 

1679. 

In Northampton the Powers of Darknefs were 
again "vilible" in 1679. On the 7th of March 
of this Year died one John Stebbins in an unufual 
Manner, as was alleged by a Jury of Inqueft, 
confifting of twelve Men, among whom was Dr. 
Thomas Haftings of Hatfield. The Jury found 
"feveral hundred fmall Spots on the Body, as if 
made with fmall Shot, Thofe Spots were fcraped, 
and Holes found under them into the Body." 
Whereupon it was fufpefted that it was done by 
Witchcraft. The Wife of the Deceafed was a 
Sifter to Samuel Bartlett. This Individual, 
although he had failed to convift Mrs. Parfons, 
as before detailed, probably hoped now to have 
better Succefs. The County Court, as appears 
by its Adts, had more Faith in this Accufatlon 
than in that of the Cafe of John Parfons, for 
they received the Evidence and tranfmitted it to 
Governor Bradftreet, but the Governor did not 
take Notice enough of the Accufation to fend 
for the Party, and thus the Matter went by. 

Tradition in Hadley fays, that John Stebbins 
was at Work In a Saw-mill a little Time before 
his Death ; that the Logs and Boards became be- 
witched and cut up ftrange and divers Capers, 



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1679 ^'^ New England. 141 

and that in fome of their diabolical Manceuvres 
they interfered with John, but in what Manner 
is not ftated, though they were fuppofed to have 
caufed his Death. 

Simple, unfufp eating, and honeft People have 
often been the Vitftims to thofe who pradliie 
malicious Mifchief, as well as to thofe who prac- 
tife different Kinds of Rafcality. There were 
living at this Time in Newbury feveral Families 
of the Name of Morfe; the oldeil: or principal 
Family was that of William Morfe. He had 
lived in that Town fince 1635, having emigrated 
from Marlborough, in Wiltiliire, in the early 
Part of that Year, and was by Occupation a 
Shoemaker. He had a Wife Elizabeth whom 
he probably married after he came to New 
England.' In this Family lived a Boy, named 
John Stiles, a Grandfon of William Morfe. 
What was the Age of this Boy, or what infti- 
gated him to uudertake the tormenting of his 
Grand-parents, there is no Mention as yet dif- 
covered. Perhaps he intended no more at Firft 
than to frighten them by fome deceptive boyifh 
Pranks, and fucceeding fully in that, proceeded 
till his Pranks became Outrages, by which he 
deceived nearly Everybody. 

It was a Period when, if Anything occurred, 
the Origin or Reafon for which was not under- 
ilood or comprehended, and appeared ftranger 
than ufual, the Mind, inftead of inveftigating, 

• Founders of JXeiv Buglmd, Page 56. 



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142 Annals of Witchcraft ^ 1679 

fell back upon the ever ready and eafy Solution, 
that fuch was caufed by Witchcraft. 

How long the young Scamp carried on his 
Annoyances before any Complaint was made to 
the Authorities, does not appear, but it was for 
fome Time previous to December of this Year 
(1679), as one Caleb Powell had become ac- 
quainted with what was going on, and offered 
his Services to put a Stop to the mylterious Fall 
of Brick-bats down the Chimney, Pots and Ket- 
tles dancing on the Crane, and Irons jumping in 
and out of the Kettles, and fuch like extraor- 
dinary Manceuvres. Powell, it feems, was a fea- 
farlng Man, and it is fuppofed, that in Order to 
give himfelf large Importance in the Eyes of the 
People of Newbury, he pretended to a Know- 
ledge in the occult Sciences, and that by Means 
of this Knowledge he could detedl the Witch- 
craft then going on at Mr. Morfe's. However 
this may have been, Powell faid that if he had 
the Boy in his Cuftody he could put a Stop to 
the Trouble; and to teft the Truth of what he 
faid, Confent was given, though relu<ftantly, and 
he took away the Boy, and the Witch Operations 
did actually ceafe. Whether he had Connivance 
with the Boy Stiles, or failed to accompliih fome 
private End he may have had in View, is not 
known, but the Tragedy of the dancing of Pots 
and Kettles, bowing of Chairs, Sec, was refumed 
with more Vigour than ever. Whereupon it was 
affumed that the faid Powell was himfelf the 
Witch, was profecuted and in much Danger of 



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1679 ^^ New England. 143 

fuffering for the Part he had volunteered to take. 
Morfewas his Profecutor. By what Means he 
became fo is not known, and was bound to ap- 
pear at the Court in Ipfwich to make good his 
Charges againft Powell. There are fome fcraps 
of Teftimony in Coffin's HtJIory of Newhury,' and 
the Decifion of the Court, which, being very 
extraordinary, is here reproduced : " Upon 
hearing the Complaint againft Caleb Powell for 
Sufpicion of working by the Devill, to the mo- 
lefting of the Family of William Morfe of New- 
bury, though this Court cannot find any evident 
Ground of proceeding farther againft the faid 
Powell, yett we determine that he hath given 
fuch Ground of Sufpicion of his fo dealing, that 
we cannot fo acquit him, but that he juftly de- 
ferves to beare his owne Shame and the Cofts of 
Profecution of the Complaint." 

This only adds another to the ridiculous De- 
cifions of the early Courts to thofe already no- 
ticed. The Judges had put the Countv to the 
Expenfe of a Trial, of which they muft pay 
their Proportion, unlefs it could be faddled on 
Somebody, and there was Nobody but the Perfe- 
cuted Party on whom it could be laid with Im- 
punity. 

The Teftimony given in by Mr. Morfe, before 
Sufpicion lighted on Powell, is as aftoni(hing as 
any of the Details of Witch Tranfadlions given 
by Cotton Mather. So extraordinary is his Tef- 

1 The Reader fliould bear in Work is feparated and mifplaced. 
Mind [liat the TeAimony in iliat bui all between Pages I z2 and 135. 



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144- Annals of Witchcraft 1679 

timony, that one, on reading it, cannot efcape 
the Conclufion that fome ftrange Compofition 
mufl: have occupied the Place in his Head de- 
ligned for Brains. 

It appears that about the Time Powell was 
fixed upon as the one "working by the Devill," 
it began to be whifpered about that Mrs. Morfe 
was the Wttch ; and no fooner was Powell 
acquitted than the Clamour againft her began 
openly to be made, and on the 7th of January 
following Commiffioner Woodbridge commenced 
taking Evidence in the Cafe, all of which will 
be found in the Appendix. It has, as will be 
feen by a Perufal, the ufual Charad;er of fuch 
Teftimony, altogether too childlfli to be worthy 
of Prefervation, did it not fliow the Charadler of 
the People of the Age, and how much Improve- 
ment has been iince made in all that is elTential 
to the Happinefs of a People. 

A great many Witneffes were fummoned to 
appear at the May Seffion of the Court in Bofton ; 
many did appear in Perfon, fome walking on 
Foot the whole Diftance. The poor Accufed 
(then about 65 Years of Age) was taken from 
Ipfwich Jail, where Ihe had been for fome Time 
kept, and on the 20th -of May conveyed to Bof- 
ton, by the Conftable, Thomas Knowlton, who 
queftioned her on the Way about her Cafe. She 
faid, among other Things, " Ihe was accufed 
about Witchcraft, but that fhe was as clear of it 
as God in Heaven." 

Fortunately perhaps for the Accufed, Simon 



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1679 ^'^ New England. 145 

Brad ftreet was rechofen Governor; among the 
other Officers compofing the General Court were 
Thomas Danforth, Deputy Governor, Richard 
Saltonftall, Daniel Gookin, Daniel Denifon, John 
Pynchon, Edward Tyng, William Stoughton, 
Jofeph Dudley, Peter Bulkley, Nath' Saltonftall, 
Humphrey Davy, James RufTel], Samuel Nowell, 
Peter Tilton, John Richards, John Hull, Bar- 
tholomew Gedney, Tho. Savage, Wm. Browne. 

The Trial was before the Afliftants, but no 
Record of it appears in the Journals, but fortu- 
nately there is found a Lift of the Jury.' A 
Copy of the Indidlment is printed in Coffin's New- 
bury, and is in the ufual Form — "inftigated by 
and Familiarity with the Devil." Argument on 
the Part of the Prifoner there was none, and the 
Jury brought her in "guilty, according to the 
Indictment." Whereupon the Governour could 
do no lefs than pronounce Judgment, which was 
performed on the 27th of May, after the Lediure. 
She was to be "hanged by the Neck till fhe was 
dead." 

Whether a Queftion of Law came up from 
feme Quarter, or whether the Governour or fome 
of the Afliftants had Doubts In the Matter, does 
not appear; but in the Courfe of the Trial the 

1 Derived from the Docaments wood, of Bofton ; John Stone, and 

in the Appendix. They were Mr. Richaj-d Child, of Watertown ; 

Nathan Hej-man, and Mr. John Bro. John Green, and Richard 

Knight, of Charleilown ; Mr. Robins, of Cambridge ; Jacob 

Richard Middlecott, Mr. Jeremiah Hucn, and John Capen, of Dor- 

Cufhin, Mr. John Wait, Lt. Rich- chefter. The Spelling of thefe 

ard Waye, and Mr. Thomas Har- Names is ^ven as in the Originals. 

T 



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146 Annals of Witchcraft 1679 

following Queftion was before the Court : 
"Whether feuerall difl:in<ft fingle teftimonyes of 
preternaturall and Diabolicall Aftions by the 
prifoner at the barr, though not any two con- 
curring to proue the fame indiuiduall Aft is to 
be accounted Legal! evidence to Convift of 
Witchcraft. This was Refolued on the affirma- 
tive by y^ Court. 22 of May, 1680, as Attefts 
Edward Rawson, Secret."' 

There feems to have been no DilTent on the 
Part of any one, and why the Time for the Ex- 
ecution was not fixed, muft for the Prefent, at 
leaft, remain unexplained. It has been affumed 
by Coffin and later Writers, that the Life of Mrs. 
Morfe was fpared through the Backwardnefs of 
Governour Bradftreet to proceed in carrying out 
his own Sentence. It may have been fo, but 
Evidence is wanting to fully warrant the Sur- 
mife. If he had any Scruples why did he fo 
promptly pronounce the Sentence of Death ? 
However this might have been, before the Ad- 
journment of the Court, namely, on June ift, 
but three Days after Sentence was paffed, "the 
Governour and Magiftrates voted the reprieving" 
of Mrs. Morfe till the Odober Seffion of the 
Court. But Nothing is heard of the Cafe in 
OiSober. On the 3d of November, however, 
the Deputies fent up an Inquiry, deliring to know 
'■why Execution of the Sentence" had not been 
carried into Effedt? It is evident that no incon- 

1 All in the Autograph of the and Capitalization, So in all other 
Secreiaiy, as well as Orthographj' Extrafts. 



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1679 ^^ New England. 147 

fiderable Movement had been Somewhere mad'e 
(though but its Shadow is vifible) to ftay Pro- 
ceedings, for the Deputies clamoured againfl a 
**fecond Repreeval," as beyond what the Law 
will allow. Still the Magiftrates held out and 
would not give their Confent to have the Prifoner 
executed. And, bad as Circumftances appeared 
againft her, fome Humanity was maintained by 
a Portion of the Officials. It would fesm like 
the lafl: Stages of Depravity, had not Documents 
like the following had fome Effe<ft upon them: 

"To the Hon''t>'^ Gov and Council now fit- 
ting in Bofton, June 4th, 1680. The Petition 
of William Mofs. Humbly (heweth. That whereas 
his deare Wife was by the Jury found Guilty of 
Witchcraft, and by the hon'''^ Court Condemned 
to dye: Yet fince God hath beene pleafed to 
move yo'' Honors Harts, to grant her a Reprieve 
until Odtober next, yo"" Petitlo'' humbly prayes 
that yo'' Hono'"' be pleafed to ihew her fo much 
Pitty as to grant her Liberty, in the Day Time 
to walke in the Prifon Yard, and to y^ Prifon 
Houfe, and that in the Night Shee may have 
Priviledge of a Chamber in the Common Goale, 
and be freed from the Dungeon w'^h jg Extreame 
Clofe and hott in this Seafon, and alfo Liberty on 
the Sabboth to goe to Meeting; he and his 
Children giveing Security for her fafe Imprifon- 
ment. So fliall he be ever Obliged to pray as in 
Duty bound. Wm. Moosse." 

How far this Petition was liftened to is not 
known; nor is it known how it happened to be 



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14-8 Annals of Witchcraft 1679 

in the Hand Writing of Ifaac Addington (ex- 
cepting the Signature), a Circumilance which 
may reafonably lead the Reader to infer that that 
worthy Man rendered what Service he could in 
Favour of the Prifoner. 

We meet with Nothing farther in the Records 
relative to the Cafe of Mrs. Morfe till the next 
Year, when by another Petition from her Huf- 
band, dated on the 14th of May (1681) it ap- 
pears Ihe was ftill in Prifon in Bofton. The 
Petition here mentioned is elaborately drawn up, 
and is an Argument to explain away the Evidence 
of certain Perfons who had testified againft his 
Wife. But Arguments were of fmall Avail when 
it was contended that the Devil might have infti- 
gated them. The Petition may be feen entire in 
the Hifiory of Newbury, and applies to the Tefli- 
monies given in our Appendix.' 

On the 1 8th of the fame Month Mr. Morfe 
again Petitioned the Governour and Magiftrates 
"in Behalf of his Wife," begging them "to 
hearken to the Cry of your poor Prifoner, who 
am a condemned Perfon," having " pleaded not 
guilty, and by the Mercy of God and the Good- 
nefs of the honored Governor, I am reprieued 
and brought to this honored Court, praying your 
Juftis. I do not underftand Law, and know not 
how to prefent my Cafe, but humbly beg that 
my Requeft may not be rejected, it being no 

1 Thefe were unknown to (he excellent Hiftorian of Newbury. 



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1679 ^^ New England. 14,9 

more but your Sentence upon my Trial whether 
I fhall live or dy." 

Six Days later the Deputies had fo far over- 
come their Defire to have the Prifoner executed, 
that they voted to grant her a new Trial, but the 
Magiftrates would not confent to it; and it feems 
that after her fecond Reprieve, her Family was 
allowed to take her Home, and although (he was 
never relieved from the Sentence of the Court, 
it does not appear that Ihe was further molefted, 
and finally clofed her Life at Home and in Peace, 
but at what time is not afcertained. The Huf- 
band furvived the haraffing period of his Wife's 
Perfecutions, about two Years, dying November 
29th, 1683, aged 69, according to Coffin, but 
according to the more recent Inveftigations of a 
Genealogifi:,' he was y6 ; the latter Account 
feeming more Probable. 

A View of the old Houfe in which the Morfe 
Family lived, is given in the Hijiory of Newbury. 
The Time of Eredlion has not been found, 
though the Lot on which it was built was granted 
to William Morfe in 1645. A Part, if not the 
whole Houfe, was built foon after the Lot was 
granted. It ftands at the Corner of Market 
Street, oppofite St. Paul's Church.^ 

That Mifs Gould had this old Houfe in her 
Mind, and the Traditions of the Days when Mrs. 
Morfe was reputed a Witch, when fhe wrote the 

I The Rev. Abner Morfe, in his 1850. 8 vo. 
Memorial of the Morfes, Bofton, ^ Sec Coffin, 134. 



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150 Annals of Witchcraft 1680 

following Lines, will fcarcely be doubted.' She 
thus reprefents her Viiit to a Fortune-teller : 

" When I came near the Hut I began to relent, 
And how, though I'd run, till my Breath was nigh fpent ! 
For Nightftiade and Hemlock grew under the Eaves, 
And feemed to have ' Sorcery ' writ on their leaves. 
When the feathery Group gave their ominous fliout, 
I thought of the Chicks Mother Carey fent out ! 
Then there lay old Growler at Length on the Floor, 
And looked like the Wicked One keeping the Door ; 
With Eyes femi-clofed, as inclining to Sleep, 
But ope'd now and then for an impious Peep ; 
And even the Puff, as fhe dozed on the Hearth, 
I thought had a Spice of the Witch from her Birth." 

1680. 

While Witchcraft was flourilliing in Newbury, 
a moft exciting Cafe of it broke forth in Hamp- 
ton, in 1680. Rachel, the Wife of John Fuller, 
of that Town, was charged with caufing the Death 
of a Child by the Praftice of Sorcery. A Jury of 
twelve Men was impanneled to inveftigate the 
Charge, and the Refult as recorded is briefly as 
follows : 

The Jurors fay, "being called by Authority to 
view a dead Child of John Godfres, being about 
a Year old, which was fufpedted to be murdered, 
we find Grounds of Sufpicion that the faid Child 
was murdered by Witchcraft: firft, in Part by 
what we faw by the dead Corpfe ; fecond. Some- 
thing we perceived by the Party fufpedted, which 

' Madam Hooper was nearly her Lines may have Reference to 
Cotemporary wiih Mifs Gould, and her, as more applicable. 



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i68o in New England. 151 

was then prefent, and was examined by Au- 
thority ; and third, by what was faid by the Wit- 
nefs." 

The Names of the Jury were: "Henry 
Roby, forman; Tho. Marfton, Willyam Mar- 
flon, Abraham Drake, Abraham Perkins, An- 
thony Taylor, John Smith, Tho. Levet, Aratus 
Levet, Gerfhom Elkins, Henry Derbond, and 
John Sanborne. 

"This true Lift was given in upon Oath, the 
13th of July, 1680, before me, 

"Samuel Dalton, of the Council." 

The next Day John Fuller, the Hulband of 
the Accufed, entered into Bonds of £100, for 
her Appearance " to anfwer to what lliall be 
charged againft her in Point of Witchcraft," 
when called for. The Cognizance is thus under- 
written: "Owned before me 14 July, 1680. 
"Christopher Lux,' 
"Samuel Dalton, of the Council" 

The fame Day Elizabeth Denham and Mary 
Godfrey depofed, "that we, being in Difcourfe 
with Rachel Fuller, {he told us how thofe that 
were Witches did fo go abroad at Night; they 

I There was a Family of this Property to go lo " Abilhag Mar- 
Name living at Great Ifland (New- fliall, my dau., wf. of Tho. Mar- 
eaftle) a little later. "Audrey fliall, of Great Ifland." ToSon-in- 
Lo)£,of PortfrnouthonGreatlfland, law, Adrew Cranch, 5 Shillings, 
Widow," made her Will 9 June, To dau. Abifliag Marfliall, all my 
168a ; mentions Grand Children, Houfes, Lands, Wharues and Or- 
John and Elizabeth Cranch, Child- charda. WitnelTes, Geo. Pearfon, 
ren of Andrew Cranch, of Great Ja". Booth, Geo. Payne, Proved, 
Ifland ; faid Children not then zi. 18 March, 1692-3. Lux is not 
If they died before 2r, then the found in the N. Eng. Gen. DiSi. 



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152 Annals of Witchcraft 1680 

did lay their Hufbands and Children afleep; and 
flie faid Rachel Fuller told us of feveral Perfons 
that Ihe reckoned for Witches and Wlzzards in 
this Town, to the number of feven or eight. 
She faid eight Women and two Men ; fome of 
whom ihe expreffed by name, as Eunice Cole, 
Benjamin Evans Wife and her Daughters, Good- 
wife Coulter and her Daughter Prefcott, and 
Goodwife Towle, and one that is now dead." 

"Nathaniel Smith, aged about twenty Years, 
faith, that going to the Houfe of John Fuller, as 
he was coming Home with his Herd, the faid 
Fuller's Wife alked him what was the News in 
the Town? The faid Smith laid he knew none. 
She told him that the other Night there was a 
great Route at Goodman Roby's.' This was at 
the iarft Time when Dr. Reed was at this Town. 
She faid they had pulled Dr. Reed out of the 
Bed, and with an enchanted Bridle did intend to 
lead a Jaunt; and he got her by the Coat, but 
could not hold her. I alked her who it was? 
and ftie turned from me, and as I thought did 
laugh.* Sworn the i4th of July, 1680, before me, 
"Samuel Daltion, of the Council." 

Mary, the Wife of John Godfrey, and Sarah 
her Daughter, aged about 16 Years, gave Tefti- 
monies too loathfome for Recital. They ipeak 
of a Circumftance which took place "the fame 

1 This was doubclefs Henry He was at Exeter as early as 163S. 

Roby, a Jiifiice of the Court of See Belknap, Hift. N. Hampjhire. 
Seffioas. He was in the Iniereft of 

Craniield at one Period, and gene- ^ No doubt (he laughed to think 

rallv in fome Kind of Trouble, he was fo eafilj made a fool of. 



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i68o in New England. 153 

Day that Mr. BufF went through the Town, 
about three Weeks or a Month ago." They 
attempted fome Experiments with the Water of 
the Child; and "by and by Rachel Fuller came 
in and looked very ftrangely; bending, daubed 
her Face with MolaiTes, as flie judged it, fo as 
Ihe almoft daubed up one of her Eyes ; and Ihe fat 
down by Goody Godfrey, who had the iick Child 
in her Lap, and took the Child by the Heand, 
and Goodwife Godfrey being afraid to fee her 
come in that Manner, put her Hand off from 
the Child, and wrapped the Child's Hand in her 
Apron. Then the faid Rachel turned her about, 
and fmote the Back of her Hands together fundry 
Times, and fpat in the fire. Then, having Herbs 
in her Hands, rubbed and ftrewed them about the 
Hearth by the Fire. Then file fat down again, 
and faid, Woman, the Child will be well. She 
then went behind the Houfe. Mehitable God- 
frey then told her Mother that Goody Fuller was 
acting ftrangely. Then Mary Godfrey and Sarah, 
looking out, faw Rachel Fuller ftanding with her 
Face towards the Houfe, beating herfelf with her 
Arms, as Men do to warm their Hands. This 
{he did three Times. Then gathering Some- 
thing from the Ground, went Home. Sworn 
the 14th of July, 1680." 

The fame Day, Mary Godfrey further declared 
that upon the next Day after Rachel Fuller had 
been "at her Houfe with her Face daubed with 
MolafTes, the Children told their Mother that 
Rachel had told them that if they did lay fweet 
Bays under the Threfhold, it would keep a Witch 
U 



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154 Annals of Witchcraft 1680 

from coming in. One of the Girls faid, Mother 
I will try it, and (he laid Bays under the Threfliold 
of the back Door, all the Way, and half Way of 
the Breadth of the fore Door ; and foon after Ra- 
chel Fuller came to the Houfe, and Ihe always had 
formerly come in at the back Door, which is next 
her Houfe; but now fhe went about to the fore 
Door, and though the Door ftood open, yet Ihe 
crowded in on that Side where the Bays lay not, 
and rubbed her Back againfl: the Port, fo as that 
(he rubbed off her Hat, and then fhe fat her down 
and made ugly Faces, and neftled about, and would 
have looked on the Child, but I not fiiffering her, 
flie went out rubbing againfl: the Poft of the Door 
as ihe came in, and beat off her Hat again; and I 
never faw her In the Houfe fmce. Sworn the 
14th of July, 1680." 

John Godfrey, aged about 48 Years, and his 
Wife about 36 Years, faid that Rachel Fuller 
came into their Houfe about eight or nine o'Clock 
in the Day. Their Child was very ill, at which 
Mrs. Fuller, feeing the Mother much troubled, 
faid that "this would be the worfl: Qay with it. 
To-morrow it will be well." She then "patted 
the Child's Hand, and took it in hers; at which 
the Mother fnatched it away and wrapped it in 
her Apron. Then Mrs. Fuller rofe up, and turn- 
ing her Back to Mr. Godfrey, did fmite the back 
Side of her Hand together, and did fpit in the Fire. 

" Sworn before Samuel Daltion, of the 
Council, July 14th, 1680, and in the Court at 
Hampton, Sept. 7th, 1680. 

"Elias Stileman, Sect." 



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i68o in New England. 155 

The Depofition of one Hazen Levit clofes the 
Evidence againfl: Rachel Fuller, fo far as Dif- 
covered, and the Proceedings againft her end with 
that Depofition. If any further Aition was had 
the Account of it has not been met with. It is 
probable the Matter was dropped, as the Evidence 
was too filly and puerile for even thofe benighted 
Times. Hazen Levit faid he was about thirty- 
fix Years of Age. " Riding up to his Lot in 
July laft. Sun about an Hour high, he faw John 
Fuller's Wife upon her Hands and Knees, fcram- 
bling too and fro, firft one Way and then another, 
and feemed to him to be mighty lazy;' but after 
(he efpied him fhe left off that Manner of a<fting, 
and feemed to take up her Apron with one of her 
Hands, and with the other to gather up Some- 
thing." It feems Ihe had a "little Child with 
her," and was perhaps gathering up fome Chips. 
While (he was thus employed, fhe may have felt 
annoyed at Leavit's rude Scrutiny, for, he fays, 
"Ihe gave him a frowning Look at Firft," and 
when he went along "{he laughed on him." 
After that he faw "a Thing like a little Dog," 
which came from the Gate leading to her Houfe 
and went to her "who was fi:ill in the fame 
Atftions" of fcrambling Something to put in her 
Apron. 

Mrs. Fuller's maiden Name was Rachel Braf- 
bridge. She was married to John Fuller, March 
19th, 1677, and had fix or more Children. He 

' It could be wiftied he had given feems 
his Definition of ihis Word, as it that a 



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156 Annals of Witchcraft 1680 

died in 1719. His Inventory fhowlng confidera- 
ble Eftate for the Time, about £460. 

Ifabella Towle was committed at the fame 
Time on the Charge of Witchcraft, but we find 
Nothing further in Regard to her, or how long 
ihe and Mrs. Fuller were imprifoned. 

At a fomewhat later Day, the People of Hamp- 
ton gave pretty free Scope to their imaginative 
Powers; and what one fancied or dreamed, and 
told to his Neighbour with an ominous Shake of 
the Head, was by that Neighbour told to another 
under a full Belief that it was true. Not far back 
into the laft Century there lived in Hampton, 
New Hampfliire, a wealthy Gentleman, widely 
known as Gen. Jonathan Moulton. He was a 
Man of great Energy and Enterprife, and having 
by good Luck, Shrewdnefs, or both, fecured a 
large Eftate in a comparatively brief Period, his 
ignorant and fuperftitious Neighbours furmifed he 
had made a League with the Devil, by Virtue of 
which he received all the Money he wanted. 
Having met with a Check in his Prosperity, by 
his Houfe taking Fire and being entirely con- 
fumed,' the Report was at once fpread Far and 
Wide, that the Fire had been fet by the Devil 



1 This was Jong a memorable with their Lives, though with che 

Event in the Hiftor)' of Hampton. Lofs of moft of their Clothes. The 

It occurred about four o'CIock on Owner efcaped with his Cloak only, 

Wednefday Morning, March 15th, and a GenlJeraan was faved only by 

1769. A large Manfion Houfe jumping from a Chamber Window, 

and two Stores were entirely con- Colonel Moulcon's Lofs was eili- 

fumed. Of fome 18 Perfons in mated at ^£3000 Sterling, — Newf- 

the Houfe al the Time, all efcaped papers of the Day. 



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i68o in New England. 157 

becaufe the General had cheated him in a Bar- 
gain ! No one feemed to know what the Bargain 
was, but on this or fome other Occafion it was 
averred that he cheated the Devil, not exadtly out 
of his Boots, but out of Boots full of Money. 
The FaBs have been thus ftated: The Devil 
was to have the General's Soul, after a certain 
Number of Years; in Confideration of which, at 
ilated Periods he was to fill the General's Boot 
with Gold and Silver, the Boot being hung up in 
the Chimney for that Purpofe. Whether a Boot- 
full at a Time was not fufficient to meet his De- 
mands for Money, is not ftated; but on a Time 
when his Majefty came to fill the Boot, he found 
it took a Quantity fo vaft that he defcended into 
the Chimney to fee what the Matter was, and to 
his furprife he found that the General had cut off 
the Foot of the Boot! and the Room below 
was fo full of Money that he could not proceed 
to the Door, and was compelled to go back up 
Chimney again. 

When the General died (which was in the 
Year 1788) and was put into a Coffin, his Body 
was miffing immediately afterward. Whereupon 
all the knowing ones hinted that "the Devil had 
got his own at laft." 

There were People within the Remembrance 
of the Writer who would tell the above, and 
other equally credible Stories refpedting the Ope- 
rations of the Devil "in the Money Market." 



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158 Annals of Witchcraft 1681 



Plymouth Colony had a Vifitation of "Devil- 
ifm" again In the Year 1681. The Tranfadtions 
about to be related have not been claffed hitherto 
among the Exploits of Witches, yet they clearly 
belong to them. "One Jonathan Dunen drew 
away the Wife of a Man to Marflifield, to follow 
him, and one Mary Rofs falling into their Com- 
pany, prefently was poiTeffed with as frantick a 
Daemon as ever was heard of; fhe burnt her 
Cloathes; fiie faid flie was Chrift; rtie gave 
Names to the Gang with her, as Apoftles, calling 
one Peter, another Thomas ; {he declared that 
fhe would be dead for three Days, and then rife 
again, and accordingly ihe feemed then to die, 
Dunen then gave out that they lliould fee glori- 
ous Things when {he rofe again; but what {he 
then did was thus: Upon her Order Dunen fa- 
cri{iced a Dog. The Men and the two Women 
then danced naked together; for which, when 
the Conftable carried them to the Magiilrates, 
Rofs uttered ftupendous Blafphemies, but Dunen 
lay for Dead an Hour on the Floor, faying, when 
he came to himfelf, that Mary Rofs bid him, and 
he could not relift." 

This Dunen, it appears, was a Difciple of 
Thomas Cafe, who had " bewitched " certain 
Quakers, detached them from that Sedl, and were 
known as Cafe's Crew. Thefe were e{1;abli{lied 
at Southold on Long Ifland. From this Com- 
pany Dunen found his Way into the Old Colony 



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i68i in New England. 159 

and commenced working Miracles, but his Ca- 
reer was cut (liort in the Manner juft defcribed.' 



Had there been a Chronicler in all of the New 
England Towns in the early Times of New 
England, and he had diligently recorded all of 
the Mifchief that was laid to the Charge of the 
Devil, "the World would hardly have contained 
the Books," unlefs the People had been aided by 
the fame Jugglery that caufed them. 

There were no lefs than " three Houfes in thi'ee 
feveral Towns," in a ufually quiet Part of New 
England, befet this Year by Evil Spirits. But the 
diabolical ManCEuvres at only one of the Houfes 
are preferved, fo tar as is known to the Writer, 
the Preamble to which runs thus: "A brief 
Narrative of fundry Apparitions of Satan unto, 
and AlTaults at fundry Times and Places upon, the 
Perfon of Mary, the Wife of Antonio Hortado, 
dwelling near the Salmon Falls. Taken from 
her own Mouth, Auguil 13th, 1683." 

Satan began his Game in the Month of June, 
1682, by a Vifit to the Door of Antonio's Houfe, 
and hooting out the Queftion to his Wife, " What 
do you here?" About an Hour later, as Mary 
was Handing in the Door, fhe received a Pelt on 
her Eye "that fettled her Head near to the Door 
Poll." Two or three Days later, a Stone of 

1 From a Work figncd " J?tti- ini742,rmalI8vo., p. 84-86, Said 
Enthujiafticus," printed in Bofton, to be by Dr. C. Chauncy. 



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i6o Annals of Witchcraft 1682 

about an half a Pound's Weight was thrown 
"along the Houfe within into the Chimney; and 
going to take it up it was gone. All the Family- 
was in the Houfe, and no Hand appearing which 
might be inftrumental in throwing the Stone." 
Soon after, a Frying-pan, then hanging in the 
Chimney, was heard to ring fo loud that it was heard 
away acrofs the River, a Diftance of a hundred Rods 
or more. Upon this Mary and her Hufband em- 
barked in a Canoe and crolTed over the faid River ; 
and as they went they faw juft forward of them 
in the River, a Man's Head fhaven, and two or 
three Feet behind it, the Tail of a white Cat, 
but they could fee no Body by which the Head 
and Tail were conne<Sted. After an Hour or fo 
they returned, and this Time the marvelous bald 
head and white Tail followed the Canoe, but 
when it reached the Shore they vanifhed and were 
feen no more. 

Whether before or after the Voyage jufl; men- 
tioned, is not ftated, nor is it material, "Mary, 
being in the Yard by her Houfe, in attempting to 
go into the Houfe, was bitten on both Arms 
black and blue; the Impreilions of the Teeth 
being like Men's Teeth were plainly feen by 
many." 

Here was a Cafe limilar to that of Hudibras, 
when Ralpho counterfeited the GhofI:: 

"I do believe thee quoth the Knight ; 
Thus far I'm fure thou'rt in the Right, 
And know what 'tis chat troubles thee, 
Better than thou haft guefled of me. 



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1 68 2 in New England. i6i 

Thou art fome paltry, blackguard Sprite, 
Condemned to Drudgery in the Night; 
Thou haft no Work to do in th' Houfe, 
Nor Half-penny to drop in Shoes ; 
Without the receiving of which Sum 
You dare not be fo troublefome 5 
To pinch the Slatterns black and blue. 
For leaving you their Work to do." 

Mary was not only bitten but fcratched on her 
Breaft, when the Devil caught her making for 
the Houfe as juft related. So £he and her Huf- 
band concluded to abandon their Dwelling. 
They did fo, and croffed the River, and fojourned 
for a Time with a Neighbour. They had not 
been long there before a Woman appeared to 
Mary, "clothed with a green Safeguard, a (hort 
blue Cloak and white Cap," brandilbing a Fire- 
brand, as though (be intended to Itrike her with 
it, but did not do fo. The next Day the Shape 
came again. Now fhe had on a gray Gown, 
white Apron, and a white Head Drefs, She 
laughed fevera! Times, but no one heard any 
Voice. This we are told was the End of Mary's 
"fatanical Moleftations." Not fo with Antonio; 
for on returning to his Houfe the following 
March, he heard the Noife of a Man walking in 
the Chamber over his Head, and faw the Boards 
"buckle" under his Feet; yet no one could be 
feen there, "for they went on Purpofe to look," 
So they went again to refide on the other Side of 
the River, but Antonio carried on his Planting as 
ufuaj, notwithftanding the Devil made Spoil upon 
him in divers Ways. One T|me he pulled down 
V 



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i62 Annals of Witchcraft 1682 

"five Rods of good Log-fence," and the Tracks 
of Cattle were feen between nearly every Row of 
Corn, yet the Corn was untouched, not even the 
Leaves crept. Hence the Conclufion may not 
be unreafonable, that the Devil was not fond of 
Corn. 

The Narrator faid he was further informed, 
that Mary, by Advice of fome, "who (liould have 
been wifer," ftuclc her Houfe round with Bayes 
to keep off the Evil Spirits, and that they had 
the delired Eifeft; but as foon as thefe began to 
wither, they were all carried away by an unfeen 
Hand, and her Troubles returned as before. 

The People of Portfmouth, in New Hamp- 
fliire, were again difturbed in 1682. So far as 
any Record is found to the Contrary, they had 
had no ferjous Annoyance from the Invifible 
World for about a Quarter of a Century. But 
"on June nth, being the Lord's Day, at Night, 
Showers of Stones were thrown both againfl: the 
Sides and Roof of the Houfe of George Walton; 
fome of the People went abroad, and found the 
Gate at fome Diftance from the Houfe, wrung 
off the Hinges, and Stones came thick about 
them ; " and although they feemed to come with 
great Force, hitting Perfons, yet they hurt no 
one. The Objeft which the Witches had in this 
Management of the Stones feemed to puzzle Peo- 
ple. But Matters foon grew more ferious. 
Stones began to fly about the Rooms within 
Doors; the Glafs in the Windows was fhattered to 
pieces, and the leaden Salhes were bent outward, 



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i682 in New England. 163 

the Stones being thrown from within. "While 
the Secretary was walking in the Room, a great 
Hammer came brufhlng along againil the Cham- 
ber Floor that was over his Head, and fell down by 
him, and a Candleftick was beaten off the Table." 
Nine of the Stones were gathered up and Marks 
put upon them, fome of which were as hot as if 
they came out of the Fire; and being laid upon 
the Table, were foon found to be flying about 
again. Thus for four Hours the Mifcreants kept 
up the Shower of Stones that Night. The Se- 
cretary was not fo frightened but that he went 
to Bed, but a Stone came and fmafhed through 
his Chamber Door. Then came a Brick-bat 
"on the like Errand." And notwithftanding 
Mr. Walton ihut the Stone up in his Room and 
locked it in, it rulhed out "with a great Noife 
into the next Chamber." The Spit ran or flew 
up Chimney, and when it came down it came 
Point firfl:, like a Dart, and fl;uck in the back 
Log. Immediately after it was fent out of the 
Window by an unfeen Hand. "This Trade was 
driven" feveral Days, but with fome Intermiflions. 
It was remarked that the Stones came thickeft 
where the Mafter of the Houfe was. On one 
Occafion a black Cat was feen while the Stones 
were falling, and was £hot at; but the unfeen 
Hand that could prevent the Stones from hurting 
People, could prevent Bullets from Hurting Pufs, 
and flie efcaped unharmed. On another Time 
fome of the Family "faw the Appearance of a 
Hand put forth at the Hall Window, throwing 



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164 Annals of Witchcraft 1682 

Stones towards the Entry," yet there was Nobody 
in the Hall at the Time. Difmal Howlingswere 
foraetimes heard, and the Trotting and Snorting 
of Horfes, but nothing could be feen. Mr. Wal- 
ton went up the Great Bay in his Boat for Tim- 
ber, but Stones followed him. He carried a 
Stirrup-iron to his Boat and left it there, but when 
he left it to return to the Houfe, it "came 
jingling after him through the Woods." His 
Anchor leaped overboard without Hands and 
flopped the Boat as he was endeavouring to re- 
turn Home." When he had mown fome Grafs 
and left it in Cocks, on going into the Field again 
the Cocks of Hay were found hanging on Trees. 
Thefe are only a few of the many Pranks 
which a Demon played off on Secretary Walton. 
He was "forely hurt" in fome of them. The 
Account was written in Auguft of this Year 
{1682), at which Time it was reported that 
"during the lail Winter" the Devil was tolerably 
quiet, but on the Return of Spring he paid Mr. 
Walton a Vifit, not in Perfon probably, and 
managed to carry off his Axes, notwithftanding 
they were under Lock and Key at the Time. 
What old Clovenfoot wanted of Axes no Con- 
jeiSlure was made.^ 

1 There is a Creek fome Mile Deputies caufed the Death of two 
and a half from the fornier " State Cows at ihat Creek eighty-two 
Houfe," in Portfmouth, known as Vears after that Voyage, by Light- 
late as 1 769, as Witch Creek, ning. 
Whether it took its Name from the 

Incidents of Walton's Voyage, I ^ Since the Text was written my 

am unable to fay ; but in the Be- Attention has been called by a lite- 

lief of thofe Days, the Devil or his rary Friend to a new Voimne of 



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i683 



in New England, 



165 



No Reafons are luggefted why Mr. Walton was 
fingled out to be tormented. He was a refpedta- 
ble Gentleman for Anything that is known to the 
Contrary. His Son Shadrach was a Man of Dif- 
tindtion, and ferved as a Colonel in the Indian 
Wars; at one Period with the redoubtable Col. 
Benjamin Church.' He was a Quaker, and it 
was faid that he fufpefted a certain Woman did 
by Witchcraft occafion the above preternatural 
Occurrences.^ 



Almoft a Cafe of Witchcraft happened in 
Southampton, on Long Ifland, "about 1683." 
One Thomas Travally entered a Complaint 
againft Edward Lacy, in that the faid Lacy 
charged his, the faid Travally's Wife with being 
a Witch; and that he himfelf had been hag- 
ridden three Nights by her.^ The Aftion ap- 
pears to have been withdrawn, and the Bill of 
Colls was ordered to be paid by the Defendant. 
Hence it would feem that Mrs. Travally was a 
Witch to the amount of three Shillings and fix 
Pence, that being the Amount of Colls. 



Hiftorical Colleftiom, in which 
there is a Copy of a Letter from 
Jofliua Moody to Increafc Mather, 
noticing this Cafe of Witchcraft, 
Amongft the many learned Notes 
in the Volume, none accompanies 
this Letter, although the Subftance 
of the Narrative has been long 
publifhed. 



1 See Church's Indian Wa. 
184-224. Edit. 1827. See a 
Bayhes' New Plymouth, IV, ii 
V, 96. EMt. 1866. 

^ Magmlia, VI, 69. 

3 Howell's Hijiory of Southan. 



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1 66 Annals of Witchcraft 1683 

In 1683, a Demon, as was alleged by a Con- 
temporary, befet one Nicholas Delboroiigh, of 
Hartford, in a Way altogether too puerile for 
ferious Narration, were it not that it affords a 
Sort of Criterion by which to judge of the 
Standard of Intelligence of our Anceftors at a 
given Period in their Hiftory. 

It appears from the Narrator' of the Story, 
that Nicholas was caught in the firft Place in a 
Shower of "Stones, Pieces of Earth, Cobs of In- 
dian Corn, &c.," all "falling upon and about 
him; which fometimes came in through the 
Door, fometimes through the Window, fome- 
times down the Chimney ; at other Times they 
feemed to fall from the Floor of the Chamber, 
which yet was very clofe; fometimes he met with 
them in his Shop, the Yard, the Barn, and in the 
Field when at Work. In the Houfe fuch Things 
happened frequently, not only in the Night but 
in the Daytime, if Defborough himfelf was at 
Home, but never when his Wife was at Home 
alone." The Devil did not feem to be very fu- 
rious in the Adminiftration of his Miffiles, for it 
is faid, that although other Perfons about Nicho- 
las were ftruck, they were not hurt, from which 
Circumilance we are to infer that an invifible 
Hand fo reduced their Velocity or Impetus that 
they loft their Power to injure. But on one 
Occafion Nicholas received a Blow on his Arm 
which caufed it to ache a little, and at another 

' Dr. Increafe Mather. 



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1683 in New England. 167 

Time he received "a Scratch on one of his Legs," 
fo as to draw Blood. What the Miffile was that 
made the Scratch, there is no mention. "Some 
of the Stones hurled were of confiderable Bignefs ; 
one weighed four Pounds. One Time a Piece of 
Clay came down Chimney, falling on the Table 
which flood at fome Diftance from the Chimney. 
One of the Family threw it on the Hearth, where 
it lay a confiderable Time; but while they were 
at Supper the Piece of Clay was lifted up by an 
invifible Hand and fell upon the Table," and was 
quite hot. 

After Narrating this childiili Story, as a Mar- 
vel, and as the immediate Work of the Devil, 
the Relator informs us that Nicholas had had an 
Altercation with a Neighbour; that he had 
wrongfully withheld fome valuable perfonal Pro- 
perty from that Neighbour, and that after he had 
made Reftitution the Devil let him alone. The 
honeft Narrator never imagined, probably, that 
the Devil was engaged, for this Time at leall, on 
the Side of Juftice, and hence was a very good 
Sort of a Devil. But how Mr. Deibrough viewed 
the Cafe we are not informed. But from a Re- 
cord made in 1687,' of an Adminiftration on his 
Eftate, and according to Trumbull, he was one 

1 Ceknial Rea. ConneHicul, III, Parliaments, and fo called Lords. 

241. Savage did not meet with It may be a Weakness of ours, but 

him, or overlooked him in his we believe a Lord made by Crom- 

Eagernefs to dilate on Maj. Gen. well is as much to be regarded as 

John Defboroogh, which afforded though his Title had come down 

him the Pleafure of deDouncing the from the JJjvrptr William the 

U/urpsr Cromwell, his nicknamed Conqueror, 



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i68 Annals of Witchcraft 1683 

of the firft: Settlers of Hartford, and died there 
the fame Year (1683) in which he had been io 
"molefted by an inviiible Hand," and in Confe- 
quence of thofe M cleft ations. 

A Cafe of Witchcraft which came up in Had- 
ley this Year, is faid to be the moft notable of 
any that ever occurred in the County of Hamp- 
Ihire. The Witch appeared in the Perfon of 
Mrs. Mary Webfter. Before her Marriage to 
Mr. William Webfter fhe was a Reeve. Thir- 
teen Years after they were married, Mary was 
fuppofed to have made a League with the Devil, 
and could ride through the Air on Broomfticks 
or without them. 

It happened, as is often the Cafe with other 
Men, that William Webfter became very poor, 
perhaps lived unhappily with his Wife. Poverty 
is difcouraging, and it is intimated that it did 
not improve the Temper of Mary Webfter; and 
it is alfo intimated fhe became fpiteful, and in 
fhort a Termigant, looked upon all thofe about 
her as Enemies, and adled accordingly. Neigh- 
bours at laft folved the Myftery of Behaviour by 
declaring her a Witch. Then numerous hitherto 
myfterious Circumftances were explained, and 
ftmple Occurrences were called to Mind and 
magnilied in the Brains of fome until their Ex- 
planation ended in Sorcery. Cattle refufed to 
draw as they approached her Houfe, and Horfes 
balked, and could not be driven paft her Door. 
In fuch Cafes Drivers would enter the Houfe and 
beat her, or threaten to do fo, and then ihe gene- 



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1683 in New England. i6g 

rally let them pafs. On one occafion fhe over- 
turned a Load of Hay as It was about to pafs, 
and the Man in Charge of it entered the Houfe 
to whip her, but in the mean Time his Load of 
Hay was placed right Side up by an invisible 
Hand. At another Time, by looking at a Child 
in a Cradle at a Neighbour's Houfe, ihe caufed 
it to afcend to the Chamber Floor three fuc- 
ceflive Times when no vifible Hands touched it. 
Once a Hen came down (Somebody's) Chimney 
and was fomewhat fcalded in a Pot which hap- 
pened to be over the Fire. It was found that 
Mary Webfter was fuffering from a Scald, about 
that Time. Thefe are but a fmall Part of the 
Sorceries attributed to her at the Time. 

At Length, the People not being able to endure 
fuch Horrors any longer, brought Mary before 
the Court at Northampton, which confifted of 
Col. John Pynchon, of Springfield (Son of Mr. 
William Pynchon, who officiated in the Cafe of 
Hugh Parfons, in 1651), Peter Tilton and Philip 
Smith,' of Hadley, William Clarke and Aaron 
Cooke, of Northampton. Saml. Partrigg, of 
Hadley, being Clerk. The Record thus pro- 
ceeds : " Mary Webfter, of Hadley, being under 
ftrong Sufpicion of having Familiarity with the 
Devil, or ufing Witchcraft, and having been in 
Examination, and many Teftimonies brought in 

1 The fame, I fuppofe, who was Year. This correfponds with his 

brought over from Ipfwich to New Age as ftated by Dr. C. Mather, as 

England, in 1634, by his Father, will be feen prefently. See FausJ- 

Samuel Smith, at the Age of one ers of New England, 53, 

w 



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lyo Annals of Witchcraft 1683 

againft her, or that did feem to centre upon her, 
relating to fuch a Thing; and the worfhipful 
Mr. Tilton binding her to appear at this Court, 
and having examined her yet further, and the 
Teftimonies aforenamed, look upon her Cafe 
a Matter belonging to the Court of Affiftants to 
judge of, and have therefore ordered faid Mary 
to be, by the firfl: convenient Opportunity, fent 
to Bofton Gaol, and committed there as a Pri- 
foner, to be further examined there, and the 
Clerk is to gather up all the Evidences and fit 
them to be fent down by the Wpf Mr. Tilton 
to our honored Governour," for his Difpofal. 

Mary Webfter was accordingly fent to Bofton 
in the following April, and on the 22d of May 
fhe was taken from the Jail and placed before 
Governor Bradftreet, Deputy Gov. Danforth and 
the nine Affiftants. The Grand Jury then pro- 
ceed to indict her in the ufual Verbofity of the 
time, "that, not having the fear of God," &c., 
" and being inftigated by the Devil, hath entered 
into Covenant and had Familiarity with him in 
the Shape of a Warraneage,^ and had his Imps 
fucking her, and Teats or Marks found on her, 
as in and by feveral Teftimonies may appear, 
contrary to the Peace," &c. Hence the Grand 
Jury founded their Indictment mainly perhaps 
on Teftimonies of Women who had fearched her 
for Witch Teats. 

Whether the poor perfecuted Woman lay in 

1 An Indian Name for a black Cat. — Judd. 



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1684 if^ Pennfylvania. 171 

Jail from April to September is not certainly de- 
clared, but (he probably did. However, fhe was 
brought to the Bar for Trial on the 4th of Sep- 
tember, in Bollon, and pleaded Not Guilty, mak- 
ing no Exception to any of the Jury. To what 
Length the Trial extended is not mentioned, but 
the Jury brought in a Verdict of Acquittal. 

By a Note accompanying the Trial of Mrs. 
Webfter, it is Ihown that the Expenfe of it 
amounted to twenty-three Pounds, fifteen Shil- 
lings and two Pence; five Pounds of which were 
for "bringing her down from Hadley to Prifon," 
and two Pounds for taking her back to Hadley. 



As fl:rong a Cafe of Witchcraft was made 
out in Pennfylvania, at the Trial of Margaret 
Matfon, in Delaware County, in 1684, as moll 
of fuch Trials can {how. The Parties in the 
Cafe refided near the Mouth of Crum Creek; 
and it is faid by the Hiftorian of that County,' 
that the Accufed flood as well for Refpedtability 
as her Accufers. The Trial took Place in Phila- 
delphia, before William Penn, on the 27th of 
February, 1684, or 1683, O. S. The Accufa- 
tions were as ridiculous as any alleged at Witch 
Trials in New England or Elfewhere, Henry 
Dryftreet alleged that he was told that the Pri- 
foner was a Witch twenty Years ago, and that 

I George Smilh, M. D. 



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172 Annals of Witchcraft 1684 

feveral Cows were bewitched by her; that James 
Saunderling's Mother told him that fhe bewitched 

her Cow. 

Charles Aihcom teftified that one Night the 
Daughter of the Prifoner called him up haftily, 
and when he came {he "fayed there was a great 
Light but juft before, and an old Woman with a 
Knife in her Hand at the Bedds Feet, and there- 
fore (he cryed out, and defired Jno. Simcock to 
take away his Calves, or elfe flie would fend them 
to Hell." 

"Annakey Coolin faid her Hulband tooke the 
Heart of a Calf that died, as they thought by 
Witchcraft, and boyled it; whereupon the Pri- 
foner came in and alked them what they were 
doing? They faid boyling of Flelh. She faid 
they had better they had boyled the Bones, with 
feveral other unfeemly Expreffions." 

"Annakey Cooling's Atteftation about the 
Gees, faying iTie was never out of her Conoo; 
and alfo that the never faid any fuch Thing about 
the Calves Heart." 

There were other Teftimonies neither better 
nor worfe than thefe, upon which the Jury 
brought Margaret in "Guilty of haveing the 
common Fame of a Witch, but not Guilty in 
Manner and Form as fhe ftands indi£ted." 

The Suggeftion that the Verdid: was accord- 
ing to the Ruling of Judge Penn, is quite a 
reafonable one; and "it is to be regretted that 
the Charge given by the Governour was not pre- 
ferved, as it doubtlefs ftiaped the very righteous, 



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1684. in Pennsylvania. 173 

though rather ridiculous Verdift." And, as in 
fome fimilar Cafes, the Accufed was bound over 
in the Sum of one hundred Pounds, for her good 
Behaviour for fix Months. Her Hufband, Neels 
Matfon, and her Son-in-law, Anthony Neelfon, 
were her Sureties.' 

It was probably at this Trial that Governour 
Penn inquired of the Accufed, according to a 
Tradition, whether It were true that ihe was a 
Witch, and whether, as was alleged, fhe had rid 
through the Air on a Broomftick ? And, on her 
anfwering in the Affirmative, the Judge faid (he 
was at perfeft Liberty to ride on Broomfticks, 
for he knew of no Law againft it, and thereupon 
ordered her Difcharge. 

It will be borne in Mind that Pennfylvania 
was yet a Wildernefs, and that Philadelphia had 
been laid out fcarcely three Years,^ when this 
Cafe of Witchcraft occurred. 

It has been claimed that this is the only Profe- 
cution for Witchcraft in Pennfylvania, and our 
Refearches are too limited to allow us to queftion 
the Affertion. An Annalift of that Locality has 
rather injudicioufly remarked, that by the Ver- 
AiSt in the Cafe jufl: recorded, "Pennfylvanians 
have probably efcaped the Odium of Salem!" 
There may be different Degrees of Ignorance 
and Super ftition. Let thefe afford what Exulta- 

' Smith's Hijiory of Delaware conllftcd of three or four licile 
County, 152-3- Cottages."— Wacfon's Annals of 

a The Year previous (1683) it Philadelphia, 61. 



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174 Annals of Witchcraft 1685 

tion they may. The Statute of James I. was 
acknowledged to be in full Force in the Colony. 
A few Years later, namely, in 1695, Robert 
Reman was complained of at Chefter for prac- 
tiling Divination, or, as it was then termed, 
Geomanty. He was "prefented by the Grand 
Jury, which alfo prefmted for Prohibition divers 
Books relating to Witchcraft, Necromancy and 
fo forth; as Hidfon's Temple of Wifdom, Scott's 
Difcovery of Witchcraft, and Cornelius Agrippa.' 

1685. 

How it had fared with Mary Webfter, fince 
her Acquittal in Bofton, in 1683, we are not 
prepared to fay, but in 1685 ilie was again 
accufed of practillng Sorcery, and of the ferious 
Charge of Murder by that Practice. To under- 
ftand the Feelings entertained by a large Majority 
of the Community when a Witch was fuppofed 
to be difcovered, one of the Prefent Day (hould 
read fome of Dr. Cotton Mather's Defcriptions. 
It is true he may be thought an Extremift of his 
Time, but it is alfo true that his Views and De- 
fcriptions were nearly univerfally thofe of Every- 
body, the World over, at the Time of thefe 
Occurrences. 

The Name of Mr. Philip Smith has been 
mentioned before, in Connedlion with Mary 
Webfter. He was a Man of confiderable Dif- 
tindlion in Hadley, was well known as Lieu- 

1 Waifon's Annals, zzB. 



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1685 in New England. 175 

tenant Smith, in a Period when Titles of Office 
were regarded with much Relped:. This Gen- 
tleman died after a fhort lilnefs, on the loth of 
January, 1685; and as his Malady was not 
underftood by thofe who attended him, and as he 
had been among thofe who had brought Mary 
Webller to Trial at Bofton, it was at once de- 
cided that his Death was occafioned by Witch- 
craft, and that Mary Webller was the Witch. 
And our Narrator,' being contemporaneous with 
the Event, ought to have been well informed 
with all the Particulars, he {hall therefore fpeak 
for himfelf : 

"Mr. Philip Smith, aged about fifty Years, a 
Son of eminently vertuous Parents, a Deacon of 
the Church in Hadley, a Member of the General 
Court, a Juftice in the Countrey Court, a Sele<5t 
Man for the Affairs of the Town, and which 
crowns all, a Man for Devotion, Sanctity, Gravity, 
and all that was honeft, exceeding exemplary. 
Such a Man was in the Winter of the Year 1684 
[1683-4], murdered with an hideous Witchcraft, 
that filled all thofe Parts of New England with 
Aftonifhment. He was, by his Office concerned 
about relieving the Indigencies of a wretched 
Woman in the Town; who being diffatisiied at 
fome of hisjufl Cares about her, exprefi"ed her- 
felf unto him in fuch a Manner, that he declared 
himfelf thenceforward apprehenfive of receiving 
Mifchief at her Hands. 

' Cotton Mather, D. D. 



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176 Annals of. Witchcraft 1685 

" About the Beginning of January he began 
to be very valetudinareous, labouring under Pains 
that Teemed ifchiatic. The Standers by could 
now fee in him, one ripening apace for another 
World, and filled with Grace and Joy to an high 
Degree. He £hewed fuch Weanednefs from, and 
Wearinefs of the World, that he knew not, he 
faid, whether he might pray for his Continuance 
here. And fuch an AlTurance he had of the 
Divine Love unto him, that in Raptures he 
would cry out, 'Lord ftay thine Hand, it is 
enough, it is more than thy frail Servant can 
beare.' But in the midft of thefe Things he ftill 
uttered an hard Sufpicion that the ill Woman 
had threatened him, had made Impreflions with 
Inchantments upon him. While he remained 
yet of a found Mind, he very fedately, but very 
folemnly charged his Brother, to look well after 
him. Tho', he faid, he now underftood him- 
felf, yet he knew not how he might be, 'But 
be fure' faid he 'to have a Care of me; for you 
iliall fee ftrange Things. There (hall be a 
Wonder in Hadley! I fhall not be dead, when 
'tis thought I am ! ' He prelTed this Charge 
over and over, and afterwards became Delirious; 
upon which he had a Speech inceifant and volu- 
ble, and (as was judged) in various Languages. 
He cried out, not only of Pains, but alfo of Pins 
tormenting him in feveral Parts of his Body; 
and the Attendants found one of them. 

"In his DiftrelTes he exclaimed much upon 
the Woman aforefaid and others, as being feen by 



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1685 ^'^ New Rngland, 177 

him in the Room ; and there was divers Times 
both in that Room, and over the whole Houfe, a 
ftrong Smell of Something like Muflc, which 
once particularly fo fcented an Apple roafting at 
the Fire, that it forced them to throw it away. 
Some of the young Men in the Town being out 
of their Wits at the ftrange Calamities thus upon 
one of the moft beloved Neighbours, went three 
or four Times to give Disturbance unto the 
Woman thus complained of. And all the While 
they vv'ere dillurbing of her, he was at Eafe, and 
flept as a weary Man. Yea thefe were the only 
Times that they perceived him to take any ileep 
in all his Illnefs. Gaily Pots of Medicines pro- 
vided for the fick Man, were unaccountably 
empty'd. Audible Scratchings were made about 
the Bed, when his Hands and Feet lay wholly 
ftill, and were heard by others. They beheld 
Fire fometimes on the Bed, and when the Be- 
holders began to difcourfe of it, it vanished away. 
Divers People actually felt Something often ilir 
in the Bed, at a conliderable Diftance from the 
Man. It feemed as big as a Cat, but they could 
never grafp it. Several trying to lean on the 
Bed's Head, tho' the fick Man lay wholly ftill, 
the Bed would fliake fo, as to knock their Heads 
uncomfortably. A very ftrong Man could not 
lift the fick Man to make him He more eaiily, 
tho' he applied his utmoft Strength unto it; and 
yet he could prefently lift a Bedfted and a 
Bed, and a Man lying on it, without any Strain 
to himfelf at all. Mr. Smith dies. The Jury 
X 



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lyS Annals of Witchcraft 1685 

that view'd his Corpfe, found a Swelling on one 
Breaft, his Privates wounded or burned, his Back 
full of Bruifes, and feveral Holes that feem'd 
made with Awls. After the Opinion of all had 
pronounced him Dead, his Countenance con- 
tinued as lively as if he had been alive; his Eyes 
clofed as in Slumber, and his nether Jaw not 
fallen down. 

"Thus he remained from Saturday Morning 
about Sun-rife, till Sabbath-day in the Afternoon ; 
when thofe who took him out of the Bed, found 
him ftill warm, tho' the Seafon was as cold as 
had almoft been known in any Age. And a 
New England Winter does not want for Cold. 
On the Night following, his Countenance was 
yet frefh as before; but on Monday Morning 
they found the Face extremely tumifi'd, and dif- 
colour'd. It was black and blue, and frefh Blood 
feem'd running down his Cheek upon the Hairs. 
Divers Noifes were alfo heard in the Room 
where the Corpfe lay; as the Clattering of Chairs 
and Stools, whereof no Account could be given." 

As in this Recital, fo in all fuch by our Author, 
the Reader might be led to think him an Eye 
and Ear Witnefs to all his Narratives; but it 
fhould be remembered that all, or nearly all his 
Accounts came to him, at leaft, fecond handed; 
and often, perhaps, through a third or fourth 
idle Head, all Lovers of the Marvellous; ready at 
all Times, efpecially in the Night, to believe the 
Air full of ill ftiapen Monilers, bearing Com- 
miffions from the Devil, to enlift Followers, of 



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1685 in New England, 179 

whom he might make Witches and fend them 
forth to vex and torment Mankind. 

As a Sort of Sequel to the Tragedy of Mary 
Webfter, it fhould be related, that the poor and 
haralTed old Woman lived many Years after (he 
was believed to have killed Philip Smith by Sor- 
cery. She died in 1696.' 

It will be remembered, that, in the Narrative 
juft extrad;ed, Mention is made of "fome young 
Men" who "went three or four Times to give 
Difturbance " to Mrs. Webfler. It is faid by a 
reliable Hiltorian,^ that the young Mifcreants 
went to her Houfe, dragged her out, and hung 
her up till (he was almoft: dead. They then cut 
her down, rolled her fome Time in the Snow, 
and then buried her up in it, leaving her, as they 
doubtlefs fuppofed, for Dead! But by a Miracle, 
as it were, (he furvived this Barbarity. Still more 
miraculous it was, that the fick Man was greatly 
relieved during the Time the helplefs old Woman 
was being fo beallly abufed by the Ruffians ! 
The Tormentors muft have been Infidels of the 
word Type, elfe they would never have dared to 
moleil: one whom they believed to be a Witch, 
and hence able to alflidt them as forely as Mr. 
Smith was afflidted. And yet they doubtlefs be- 
lieved that a Witch " could take off her Shoes and 



' As ihough (he had been tried 10 falfe Impreffions, (he was ac- 

■ the Mui-der of Smith (which quitted. Years more were needed 

IS not the Cafe), Savage lays, for the full Triumph of the Devil 

;ven though Ihe was before a Jury and Conon Mather" ! 
Bofton, tjien peculiarly expofed * Hutchinfon. 



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i8o Annals of Witchcraft 1688 

go through a Keyhole" to torment whoever fhe 
pleafed. Such are the Inconfiftencies of Be- 
lievers in Witchcraft. 

A Cafe very limilar to this occurred many 
Years later, In the County of Hereford, England, 
namely, in 1751, in the Town of Barkhamfted, 
"The People of this Place," writes De Foe,' 
"muft be believed to be highly addicted to Su- 
perftition, if we form our Notions of them from 
the Barbarity great Numbers of them exercifed, 
in the Month of April, 1751, thro' the Inftiga- 
tion of a Publican, who took himfelf to be be- 
witched by one Ruth Olbourne, and her Huf- 
band, two poor Creatures, whom, after various 
Inftances of the moft diabolical rage, under pre- 
tence of the exploded Trial of ducking, they 
dragged about the Length of two Miles, and 
threw into a muddy Stream ; thro' which ill 
Ufage the Woman died, and for which one Col- 
lins fufFered Death." 



There are few more remarkable Cafes in the 
Annals of Witchcraft than that related as having 
happened in Boilon, in the Year 1688, in the 
Family of a reputable Inhabitant of the Name 
of John Goodwin, living at the North End of 
the Town. As the Circumftances are minutely 
detailed by Dr. Cotton Mather, in his Magnalia, 
by Gov. Hutchinfon in the Htjlory of Majfachu- 

1 Or rather the Editor of his Tnur through Great Britain, II, 187-8. 



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i688 in New £? 

fetts and in the Hijiory and Antiquities of Bofton, 
it is not propofed to repeat them here. We 
therefore will only mention, that one Perfon 
fuffered Death as the final Refult of the ftrange 
Infatuation. The Vi(5tim appears to have been a 
poor old Woman, according to Robert Calef, 
"crazy and ill-conditioned, and an Irifli Roman 
Catholic." She was arraigned before Judge 
Jofeph Dudley, condemned and executed. Her 
Name was Glover, and we have no other Clue to 
her Hiftory. She was not a crazy Perfon, as we 
now underftand the Word ; that is, it was not 
meant that fhe was infane, but fimply that fhe 
was weak and infirm. We have, in our Time, 
heard the Word Crazy applied to aged and feeble 
Perfon 8. 

It may, however, be interefting to have a few 
Specimens of what it is alleged that the be- 
witched Children experienced during the Time 
of their being tormented by "invifible Hands." 
And it may be fafely remarked, that if the Half 
of what is folemnly vouched for, be true, it is no 
Wonder the Witneffes were amazed and af- 
tounded. 

John Goodwin, the Father of the bewitched 
Children, came to Boflon from Charleftown. 
His Children were Nathaniel, born 1672, Martha, 
born 1674, John, 1677, and Mercy, 1681. All 
thefe were in the Plot of "childifti Mifchief" 
which fo "fadly perplexed and befooled Cotton 
Mather," as our Cotemporary exprelTes it, as 
though he were the only one "befooled." The 



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i82 Annals of Witchcraft 1688 

Commencement of the Trouble did indeed arife 
from a childifh Circumftance. Some Article of 
Clothing was miffed by the Family, when Mary 
Goodwin charged their Wafherworaan's Daughter 
with purloining it. This Charge the Mother 
indignantly repelled, and perhaps in rough and 
irritating Language; whereupon Mary "was im- 
mediately taken with odd Fits, that carried in 
them Something diabolical." Soon after the 
other Sifter and two Brothers " were horribly 
taken with the like Fits." What was thought 
to be extraordinary and preternatural by the moft 
experienced Phyficians, was the Fac5t that all the 
Children " were tormented alike ; juft in the 
fame Part of their Bodies, and at the fame 
Time," though they were far apart, and neither 
heard nor faw one another. At the fame Time 
" their Pains flew like fwift Lightning " from 
one Part of their Bodies to another. Yet, not- 
withftanding their Tortures, it was with fupreme 
Credulity remarked, that they flept well all 
Night after nine or ten O'clock at Night! Un- 
doubtedly, after performing their Deceptions all 
Day, they were too tired to keep awake all 
Night. " But, when the Day came, they were 
moft miferably handled" again. They would fo 
affeft Blindnefs, Deafnefs and Infenfibillty gene- 
rally, as completely to deceive their credulous 
and fimple Friends. Their Tongues would be 
drawn down their Throats and then thruft out 
upon their Chins, "to a prodigious Length." 
Their Jaws would be thrown out of Joint, by 



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i688 in New England. 183 

unavoidable Yawnes, " and anon clap together 
again like a Tpriug Lock. They made piteous 
Outcries, that they were cut with Knives and 
ftruck with Blows, and the plain Prints of the 
Wounds were feen upon them." 

Their Necks would be broken, fo that the 
Bone would feem to be diflblved, and then it 
would become fo fliff that there was no ftirring 
of their Heads. At Devotions they were en- 
tirely deaf, and could hear Nothing of what was 
faid; yet the Bofto'b-.and Charleftown Minifters 
held a Fail: at Mr. Goodwin's Houfe, which 
relieved the youngeft Child. It is not ftrange 
that a Child of eight Years was not able to keep 
up the juggling Bulinefs any longer, on the other 
Hand it is ftrange it held out any Length of 
Time. 

But the Magiftrates, " being awakened by the 
Noife of thefe grievous and horid Occurrences," 
ordered Mrs. Glover to be taken into Cuftody. 
At her Trial her pleading "was with owning 
and bragging rather than Denial of her Guilt," 
fo that the Court fufpedted the was under the In- 
fluence of another Witch of a higher Grade than 
herfelf They caufed her Houfe to be fearched, 
in which were found feveral Rag-babies. Thefe 
were decided to be Puppets, being ftuffed with 
Goats Hair, at which " the vile Woman confelTed 
that her Way to torment the Objedis of her Mal- 
ice was by wetting of her Finger with her Spit- 
tle, and ftroaking of thefe little Immages. 



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184 Annals of Witchcraft 1688 

When flie was made to take one of thefe in her 
Hand, one of the Children fell into fad Fits." 

The poor Woman fpoke Englith but poorly, 
and from her Anfwers to perplexing Queflions it 
was believed the Devil had deferted her, for 
Somebody heard her expoftulating, the Night 
following, with a Devil, for thus deferting her, 
and telling him (he had confefled all. Being a 
ftridl Catholic k, iTie probably anfwered with a Sort 
of Fear that fhe had fomehow gotten into a 
ftrange Inquilition. Our Author fays, "I did 
myfelf give divers Vifits unto her, wherein (he 
told me," among other Things, that " her Prince 
was the Devil." Evidently the poor ignorant 
Creature thought the Reverend Divine was cate- 
chiling her upon fome Points of her Religion ; 
and from all that can be gathered from their 
Converfation as reported by the Divine himfelf, 
he underftood her quite as well as flie did him. 
She was not willing he fhould pray with her 
without the Confent of fome good Catholick 
Spirits. This the Reverend Divine conftrued to 
mean that fhe could not allow of it without the 
Confent of the Devil ! 

At her Execution (he faid the Children would 
not be relieved by her Death, and that it was not 
fhe that afHi£ted them. This was conftrued into 
a Threat that " they jhould not be relieved by 
her Death," and that others as well as fhe afHidted 
them. "Accordingly the three Children con- 
tinued in their Furnace as before, and it grew 
rather feven Times hotter than it was, and their 



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i6gi in New England. 185 

Calamities went on, till they barked at one 
another like Dogs, and then purred like fo many 
Cats; would complain that they were in a red- 
hot Oven, and fweat and pant as if they had been 
really fo. Anon they would fay cold Water was 
thrown on them, at which they would fliiver 
very much. They would complain of being 
roafted on an invifible Spit, and then that their 
Heads were nailed to the Floor, and it was beyond 
an ordinary Strength to pull them from it." 

" One of them dreamt that Something was 
growing within his Skin, acrofs one of his Ribs. 
An expert Chirurgeon found there a brafs Pin, 
which could not poffibly come to lie there as it 
did, without a preftigious and myfterious Con- 
veyance. Sometimes they would fly like Geefe, 
and be carried with an incredible Swiftnefs 
through the Air, having but juft their Toes upon 
the Ground {not once in twenty Feet), and their 
Arms waved like the Wings of a Bird." 

Thus are fketched but a fmall Part of the 
Wonders performed by the Goodwin Children, 
yet thefe will probably fatisfy our Readers, as we 
have not Room for more. 



At a Court in Springfield, on the 29th of Sep- 
tember, 1691, Mary Randall was charged with 
Witchcraft. The Cqurt entertained the Com- 
plaint, but why the Cafe was put off for a Year, 
unlefs the Evidence was deemed infufficient im- 
Y 



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1 86 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

mediately to try her, is left to Conjeifture. At 
the end of a Year no Trial was had, but the 
Father of the Accufed, William Randall, became 
bound for her good Behaviour; and this feems to 
be the Laft heard of the Aftion, and the lall Cafe 
of Witchcraft in the County of Hampihire. 

1692. 

So far as we have been able to learn, thirty 
Years had elapfed fince the experimental Trial of 
a Witch by Water had taken Place in the Co- 
lonies. That related by Dr. Increafe Mather, of 
1662, was the firft: and only one up to that Date, 
fo far as known. However hard it may be to 
believe that fuch Things ever happened in this 
Land, that comes to us fo direft, and from fo 
veracious a Contemporary of it, that a Difbelief 
in it cannot be entertained for a Moment. And 
as we have one other well authenticated Cafe it 
is here given. This, according to our Authority,', 
took place in Fairfield, Connecticut. In Sep- 
tember of this Year (1692) Mercy Dilborough, 
Wife of Thomas Dilborough, of Campo, in 
Fairfield, and two or three other Women, were 
tried at Fairfield for Witchcraft, and all were 
acquitted except Mercy Diiborough, who was 
found Guilty and fentenced to die. She is fup- 
pofed to have been acquitted ; and why (he fliould 
have been fubjefted to the Ordeal of being thrown 
into the Water it is not eafy to fee; but our 

I Sylveftei- Judd, Efq., in his Hijior-j of Hadley, 233-4. 



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1692 in New England. 187 

Authority goes on: "Mercy Difborough and 
Elizabeth Clauflbn were bound, Hands and Feet, 
and put into the Water; and Witneffes teftified 
that they 'fwam like Cork;' yet Elifabeth was 
acquitted, and Mary was not condemned, becaufe 
{he floated." 

Notwithftanding the Record of this Barbarity 
is unimpeachable, and may have been fuppofed 
unparalleled in this Country, it will fubfequently 
appear that a limilar one tranfpired in Virginia, 
and at a Date allowing lefs Excufe for its Perpe- 
tration, 

So much has been written and publifbed upon 
the great Outbreak of 1692, that only a brief 
Outline will be attempted in this Treatife. All 
Things confidered, it is one of the moft furpriling 
Events in Hiftory. The Smallnefs of the Num- 
ber of thofe engaged in it, in its Beginning, their 
Youth and Pofition in Society, their Ability to 
deceive Everybody for fo long a Time! In any 
View that has yet been taken of it, its Narrator 
has found himfelf baffled to a Degree beyond 
that of any other Event in the whole Range of 
Hiitory, to account fatlsfadlorily for the Condu6t 
of the young Females through whofe Inftrumen- 
tality it was carried on. It required more devil- 
ijh Ability to deceive, Adroitnefs to blind the 
Underftanding, and to keep up a Confcioufnefs of 
that Ability among themfelves, than ever fell to 
the Lot of a like Number of Impoflors in 
any Age of which the Writer has ever read; and 



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i88 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

he can only fay, if there are parallel Cafes they 
have not fallen under his Obfervation. 

It is true, that when once the Imagination is 
excited, the Reafon may become confufed, and a 
Lofs of Judgment follows. Thefe Circumftances 
happening in a Community bound in a Spell of 
fuperftitious Awe, may account in fome Degree 
for the total Want of Judgment, common Senfe 
and Humanity, io prominent in all Profecutions 
for Witchcraft. Such, however, is believed to 
be the Mafter-Key to the Profecutions and Per- 
fecutions to which a Belief in Witchcraft has 
given rife. 

That which gave the Accufers great Advantage 
over all Oppofitlon from every Quarter, was the 
religious Belief that nearly Everybody had in its 
Reality. It was at the Hazard of being denounced 
by every Chriftian as an Infidel, to utter a Word 
againft its Exiftence, and it was believed that any 
Perfon might become a Witch. So thoroughly 
imbued with that prepofierous and pernicious 
Belief, were all Parties, that not only the Court 
and Juries were demented by it, but the Accufed 
alfo; for not one is remembered, who, in their 
lall; Moments, even questioned the Reality of 
Witchcraft; but on the other Hand, direftly or 
indireftly acknowledged that there were Witches, 
and hoped they would be found out and puniflied, 
while they themfelves difclaimed all Knowledge 

of it. 

The principal Accufers and WitnelTes, too, in 
the whole Term of the Witchcraft Profecutions 



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1692 in New England, i8g 

were eight Females, nearly all young Girls, from 
eleven to twenty Years of Age. Thefe were 
Abigail Williams, eleven; Mary Walcut, feven- 
teen ; Ann Putnam, twelve; Mercy Lewis, 
feventeen ; Mary Warren, twenty ; Elizabeth 
Booth, eighteen; Sarah Churchill, twenty; and 
Suiannah Sheldon. 

Mary Walcutt was Daughter of Captain John 
Walcutt; Ann Putnam was a Daughter of 
Thomas Putnam ; Mercy Lewis was a Servant 
living in Mr. Putnam's Family; Mary Warren 
lived in the Family of Mr. John Proi5ter; Eliza- 
beth Booth lived near John Proiler ; Sarah 
Churchill lived in the Family of George Jacobs, 
Sen''. ; Sufannah Sheldon lived in the Village. 

Thefe Females inftituted frequent Meetings, or 
got up, as it would now be ftyled, a Club, which 
was called a Circle. How frequent they had 
thefe Meetings is not ftated, but it was foon afcer- 
tained that they met "to try Projects," or to do 
or produce fuperhuman A£ts. They doubtlefs 
had among them fome Book or Books on Magic, 
and Stories of Witchcraft, which fome one or 
.more of their Circle profelTed to underftand, and 
pretended to teach the Reft. Yet they were 
generally very ignorant, for out of the eight but 
two could write their Names. Such were the 
Charafters which fet in Motion that ftupendous 
Tragedy, which ended in Blood and Ruin. 

Inquiry as to thefe Accufers muft have early 
occurred. Whether they or any of them were 
ever punifhed? They were not, becaufe the 



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igo Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

Party which had beUeved in them in the firil 
Place, believed in Witchcraft ftill. The Believers 
and Infidels died out together. Years alTuaged 
the aggrieved Minds of fuch as were living long 
after, and Nothing was done, excepting the Be- 
ftowal of a few paltry Pounds on fome clamorous 
pretended Sufferers, and a few Shillings on thofe 
who needed it more, and were far greater Suf- 
ferers. And as to thofe who caufed the Profecu- 
tions, adds Hutchinfon, " fome of them proved 
Profligates, abandoned to all Vice, others paffed 
their Days in Obfcurity or Contempt." 

March ift. Sarah Good is apprehended and 
committed to Jail. On the fame Day an Indian 
Woman is brought before Juftices Hathorne and 
Corwin, who examined her refpefting what had 
taken Place in the Rev. Samuel Parris's Family. 

March 7th. Sarah Good, Sarah Olburn, and 
Tituba, are all fent to Bofton to be there impri- 
foned. Sarah Ofburn died there (in Jail) on the 
loth of May following. Tituba lay in Jail 
thirteen Months, and was then fold to pay her 
Prifon Charges. Befides Sarah Olburn, Anne 
Fofter alfo died in Jail. And it is not unlikely, 
but on the other Hand is extremely probable, 
that many others fuffered Death during the long 
and cold Winter of 1692-3, after inevitable Pri- 
vations, and in many Cafes loaded with Iron 
Chains ! 

From March, 1692, to May, 1693, nearly, if 
not more than two hundred Perfons had been 
dragged to Prifon, under color of Law and the 



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i6g2 in New England. igi 

Mockery of a Trial. Some it is certain efcaped 
through the good Offices of Friends outfide, and 
fome by Connivance with their Jailors. Thefe, 
added to the Number which had died in Durefs, 
could hardly have been lefs than fifty, and we 
know from good Authority, that the Number fet 
at Liberty in May, 1693, by Governour Phips' 
Proclamation was one hundred and fifty ! moft of 
whom, if not all, had lain all Winter in Jail. 

It requires no Flexibility of Imagination to 
prefume that many Families had been utterly 
ruined. The Imprifoned were generally Perfons 
of fmall Eftates, and fmall as they were, Confif- 
cation fell upon them. Befides that Befom of 
Deftrutftion, Jailor's Fees and Court Expenfes 
were added to their Burthens. 

The Number that perifhed by violent Deaths 
is fliown to have been twenty, and of each of 
thera follows brief Notices. 

1. Bridget Bilhop, faid to have "long under- 
gone the Repute of a Witch." One Samuel 
Gray teftilied to her having performed Witch- 
craft twenty Years previous. But on his Death 
Bed he acknowledged his Perfidy, and that his 
Accufations were wholly groundlefs. She was 
executed protefi:ing her Innocence, June loth, 
1692. 

2. George Burroughs, a Minifter of the Gof- 
pel, was executed Auguft 19th, 1692, under 
Circumftances which muft ever caufe a Thrill of 
indignant Horror, and the deepell: Commiferation 



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192 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

to all who have, and ever hereafter may read the 
Story of his laft and dying Scene. 

3. Martha Carrier, of Andover, was executed 
the fame Time with the Rev. Mr. Burroughs. 
She was the Wife of Thomas Carrier, Huihand- 
man. The Number of Teftimonies againft her 
were many and furprifmg, but not fo furpriling as 
that any were weak enough to believe them. 

4. Giles Cory was by an old Law put to the 
mod cruel Death. When arraigned before the 
Court he refufed to plead, or anfwer Queftions; 
for he knew what his Fate would be in either 
Cafe. So to avoid giving the Profecution any 
Advantage, he would anfwer Nothing. Where- 
upon he was fentenced to be prefled to Death. 
Hence, refufing to put himfelf on Trial, no Trial 
adlually took place, and his Death was the Refult 
of his Obflinacy, and a Firmnefs with fcarcely a 
Parallel, certainly not in American Annals. At 
the Time of his Death (September i6th, 1692) 
he was over eighty Years old. He had been an 
*' Iron Man," as would be faid of fuch in our 
Times. In the Commencement of the Troubles 
he adted a fingular Part, and in his earlier Career 
had acquired, whether juftly or not it is difficult 
to determine, the Ill-will and Envy of many of 
his Neighbours, fome of whom were glad of an 
Opportunity to fee him troubled and humbled. 
But in the latter Particular they fignally failed, 
for he ftood firm to the laft Breath. Whether 
he was more than once required to plead " Guilty," 
or "Not Guilty," our Records do not ftate, but it 



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1692 in New England. 193 

is likely the old Englifli Law was obferved, and 
that he was brought before the Court three 
Times, and three Times required to plead.' 

Well, though ironically, has the Ballad per- 
petuated the Memory of Giles Cory, in the Lines 
which follow : 



"Giles Corey was a Wizzard ftrong, 
A ftubborn Wretch was he, 
And fitt was he to hang on high 
Upon the Locuft Tree. 

So when before the Magiftrates 

For Triall he did come, 
He would no true Confeflion make 

But was compleatlie dumbe, 

' Giles Corey,' faid the Magiftrate, 
' What haft thou heare to pleade 

To thefe that now accufe thy Soule 
Of Crimes and horrid Deed?' 

Giles Corey — he faid not a Worde, 
No fingle Worde fpake he ; 

' Giles Corey,' fayth the Magiftrate, 
'We'll preis it out of thee.' 

They got them then a heavy Beam, 
They laid it on his Breaft ; 

They loaded it with heavie Stones, 
And hard upon him preft. 

' Mofe Weight,' now faid this wretched Mar 
' More Weight,' again he cryed. 

And he did no Confeffion make, 
But wickedly he dyed." 

1 Mather fays he was often be- Inmftbh World, zio, I 
fore the Court, — Wonders of the 1866. 



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194- Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

He kid in the Jail at Ipfwich from the 19th 
of April till the i6th of September, excepting 
the Time occupied in his Examination and Exe- 
cution. 

5. Martha Cory was the Wife of Giles Cory, 
a Woman of blamelefs Life, a pious and worthy 
Woman. She was "cried out upon" for that 
very Reafon; for hitherto the mifcreant Accufers 
had ftruck at Perfons in more humble Circum- 
ftances, and now to raife their own Import- 
ance began to accufe Perfons whom they did not 
dare to attempt at firft. She was executed Sep- 
tember 22d, 1692, "protefting her Innocency, 
concluding her Life with an eminent Prayer upon 
the Ladder." 

Upon her Cafe our Balladift fays : 

"Dame Corey lived but fix Dayes more, 
But fix Dayes more lived (he, 
For flie was hanged at Gallows Hill 
Upon the Locuft Tree." 

6. Mary Eafty was Wife of Ifaac Eafty, about 
fifty-eight Years of Age, and the Mother of 
feven Children. She was Sifter of Rebecca 
Nurfe and Sarah Cloyfe. She appears to have 
been a meek and amiable Lady, and the Judges 
feemed fomewhat ftaggered when in this Charac- 
ter (he ftood before her Accufers, But as yet 
the Monft:ers had met with no Check, and their 
Teftimony was believed by the imbecile Court. 
After her Condemnation, ihe made a moft touch- 
ing Petition to the Judges "and the Reverend 



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1692 in New England. 195 

Minifters," in which fhe befought them, " not for 
my own Life," flie urged, " for I know I mult 
die, and my appointed Time is fet; but, if it be 
poffible, that no more Innocent Blood be (hed, 
which cannot be avoided in the Way and Courfe 
you go in." All availed Nothing. She was one 
of the eight hung at the fame Time, namely, 
September 22d, 1692. It was upon this Occa- 
fion that the Rev. Nicholas Noyes, then prefent, 
and viewing the Viftims, remarked to the By- 
ftanders: "What a fad Thing it is to fee eight 
Firebrands of Hell hanging there ! " What could 
be expefted of Followers when fuch were the 
Leaders? Mr. Noyes was a fingle Man, and in 
great Repute elfewhere as well as in the Com- 
munity in which he then was. He is faid to 
have acknowledged his Error relpcifling the 
Witchcraft Profecutions ; but whether he made 
any Atonement by affifting thofe he had helped 
to ruin, we have no Evidence. His Eleftion 
Sermon of 1698 fhows a great Amount "of 
Heathen Learning," and by fome Paffages in it 
he evidently had the Horrors of 1692 before the 
Eye of his Imagination. "With Grief and 
Shame we read over and meditate upon fome 
Texts fpoke of Ifrael: 'as they were increafed fo 
they finned,' &c. So hath it been with us. As 
for our Degeneracy, it is too palpable to be de- 
nied, and too grofs to be excufed." Again, "God 
is a very great Stranger to the Affairs of New 
England. Infl:ead of Plenty we have had Scarcity ; 
inflead of Health, Sicknels; inftead of Peace, 



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196 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

War ; impoverifhed and brought low. We have 
had remarkable Trouble from Heaven and Hell." 

7. Sarah Good, of Saletn Village, was one of 
the firft of the Viftims of the Delufion. Being 
poor and friendlefs, and of general bad Repute, 
her Perfecution was not regarded as fuch, and 
thus a Beginning of the nefarious Work was 
eafily accomplifhed. Although defpifed and 
treated with all Manner of Indignities, her Spirit 
was not broken, as appears from her Anfwer to 
Mr. Noyes at the Place of Execution. He in- 
fultingly told her fhe was a Witch, and that fhe 
knew it. She indignantly replied, "You are a 
Liar. I am no more a Witch than you are a 
Wizzard, and if you take away my Life, God will 
give you Blood to drink." She was hanged July 
19th, 1692. 

8. Elizabeth, Wife of James How of Ipfwich, 
was arraigned on the 30th of June, 1692. The 
Teftimony againft her was very voluminous, but 
was abfurd and childilli as on all fimilar Occafions. 
She was a pious and amiable Woman, but No- 
thing could fave her, and on the 19th of July (he 
was hanged. 

9. George Jacobs, Sen., of Salem, was executed 
at the fame Time with the laft: mentioned. His 
Grand-daughter, Margaret Jacobs, teftified againft 
him at his Trial, but when it was too late, ac- 
knowledged her Perlidy, in a piteous Letter, ftill 
extant. 

10. Sufanna Martin had long been under the 
Imputation of being a Witch, and has been 



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1692 in New England. 197 

noticed in the Events of 1669. She was one of 
thofe executed on the 19th of July. She belonged 
to Amefbury, and appears to have been a Woman 
of great Spirit and bufmefs Capacity, and perhaps 
foniewhat prone to wordy Contefl-s, by which fhe 
had excited the Jealoufy of envious Neighbours. 
Her Trial took place on the 29th of June, in 
which fhe was found Guilty, and was hanged on 
the 19th of July following. At her Examina- 
tion her Replies to the Judge's Queftions ihow a 
Mind far fuperior to that of the Court; and for 
Direftnefs, Concifenefs, and common Senfe, has 
commended itfelf to all Readers from that Day 
to this, and has thoufands of Times been quoted. 

11. Rebecca Nurfe, of Salem Village, a Lady 
of great Worth, but aged and in poor Health, 
was drawn into the awful Vortex in what would 
appear at this Time, but from a Knowledge of 
the Exiftence of Feuds which arofe from various 
Caufes, as a very ftrange Occurrence. She was 
facrificed in a Manner too cruel for Belief. The 
Jury returned a Verdift of Not Guilty, but the 
Court, by the moft barefaced Perverfion of her 
Anfwers, and being determined on her Deitruc- 
tion, fent the Jury out again and forced a Verdi(5t 
of Guilty from them ! There is Nothing more 
memorable, or lamentable, in all the Trials and 
Convidiions, than the Cafe of this Poor Woman. 
She was hanged with the five that fuffered on the 
19th of July. 

1 2. Alice Parker, with eight more, received 
Sentence of Death on the 17th of September, 



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ig8 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

and was executed five Days after. She belonged 
to Salem, the Wife of John Parker, Mariner. 
As Nothing is heard of her Hufband in con- 
nection with the Profecutions, he was perhaps 
away at Sea. 

13. Mary Parker was alfo hanged at the fame 
Time, protefting her Innocence, as did the others, 
to the Laft. She belonged to Topsfield, and may 
have been no Connection of Alice. Their Trials 
do not appear among the Records. 

14. John Protfter, with fix others, was tried on 
Auguft 5th, condemned, and executed Augull 
1 9th following. He was committed to the 
Prifon in Bofton on the nth of April preceding. 
His Refidence was at Salem Farms, but had lived 
in Ipfwich. He was not fent to the Jail there, 
doubtlefs becaufe he had many Friends; of thefe, 
thirty-two figned a Petition for his Reprieve, who 
gave him a good Character. 

15. Ann Pudeater was of Salem. Mr. Upham 
thinks her Name was originally or really Poin- 
dexter, the Widow of Jacob Pudeater, fuppofed to 
have been about feventy Years old at the Time 
of her Profecution, and was pofi*effed of confi- 
derable real Eftate in Salem, where flie refided 
She was brought up for Examination on the 1 2th 
of May, and again on the 2d of July, and then 
fent to Jail, where fhe doubtlefs lay till the 22d 
of September, when llie made one of the eight 
"Firebrands of Hell" upon the Gallows, as the 
unfeeling and inhuman Noyes exprelTed himfelf. 

16. Willraet Redd (fo written in the Records) 



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1692 in New England. 199 

or Wilmot Reed or Read, belonged to Marble- 
head. Nothing has reached us concerning this 
Perfon, but as being one of the Firebrands that 
periflied protefting Innocence to the laft. There 
was a Read Family at this Period in Marble- 
head, but no Chriftian Name appears among 
them of Willmet or Wilmot. 

17. Margaret Scott was of Rowley, Widow, 
and one of the eight Firebrands who fuffered pro- 
telling Innocence. Of her Family and Con- 
nections we have met with Nothing, beyond 
what is found in Gage's Hijiory of Rowley, from 
which it feems Ihe was poor and old, two im- 
portant Conditions in the early Profecutions. 

1 8. Samuel Wardwell was of Andover, was 
hanged on the 22d of September alfo. He con- 
felTed himfelf Guilty, and on this and fpedier 
Teftimony he was condemned. Before he was 
fwung off he fpoke to the Multitude of Spe<9;a- 
tors, declaring his Innocence. 

19. Sarah, wife of John Wildes, of Topsfield 
was executed on the 19th of July, having, with 
four others, been condemned on the 30th of June 
preceding. She was arretted about the 22d of 
April, and imprifoned till her Execution. The 
gruff Denunciations and Demand to confefs of 
the Court, did not move her, and ihe died firmly 
denying all Knowledge of the Crime for which 
Ihe fuffered. 

20. John Willard, of Salem Village, had been 
a Deputy in making Arrefts for Witchcraft, until 
he became fatisfied that the Perfons accufed were 



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200 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

above any fuch Sufpicion. As foon as his De- 
cifion was known to the mifcreant Profecutors 
they *'cried out on him." And though he 
attempted to fave himfelf by Flight, he was pur- 
iiied, brought back, tried, and executed on the 
19th of Auguil. 

Thus have been brieflv noticed thofe that were 
executed. But thofe who fuffered Everything but 
Death, and fome even Death itfelf, in difmal Jails 
throughout a New England Winter, cannot be 
noticed here, but the Reader will find all he can 
delire, probably, in the three Volumes of 'The 
Witchcraft Delufion, &c., publiflied by Mr. W. 
E. Woodward, in 1866, and in the Rev. Mr. Up- 
ham's Salem Witchcraft, publifhed in 1867, both 
already mentioned. 

Of many of the Sufferers very little is known. 
Some, and perhaps a very confiderable Number, 
fled to other Parts. At Ipfwich, Rachel Clinton 
or Clenton, Wife of Lawrence Clinton, was be- 
fore the Court there, and there is a Charge for 
Fetters (Irons) having been made for her. Alfo 
Mehitable, wife of John Downing, was arrefted 
on the 23d of September, but was releafed on 
her Hufband giving Security. Profecutions had 
begun to relax, and on the Day following, Mary, 
Wife of Hugh Row, Phebe, Wife of Timothy 
Day, and Widow Rachel Dinfon, all of Glou- 
cester, were let out of Ipfwich Jail on Bail. The 
following named Perfons, all of Gloucefter, alfo, 
were brought to Ipfwich Court for Examination, 
on the 30th of Odtober; namely, Efther, Wife 



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1692 in New En^ 

of Samuel Elwell, Rebeckah, Wife of Richard 
Dike, and Abigail, daughter of Hugh Row. 
They were held till the 7th of November, and 
then fet at Liberty. 

Some Others of Gloucefter met with Trouble 
befides thofe mentioned in the laft Paragraph. 
One Abigail Soames of that Town was taken on 
a Charge of Witchcraft, fent to the Jail in Bofton, 
and there incarcerated from the 23d of May, 
1692, to January 3d, 1693. Nothing is found 
refpefting whom Ihe was accufed of bewitching, 
or her Examination. She was, no doubt, among 
the one hundred and fifty difcharged, before 
mentioned. 

As Dr. Cotton Mather has been more feverely 
denounced than any other Perfon connedled with 
the Delulion of that Period, the Reader may 
wi(h, in this Connection, to fee how he ihuffled 
out of it after the Tempeft had fubfided. To 
fay the leaft of it, the Author has (hown a 
Dexterity not furpalTed in any other Cafe with 
which we are acquainted, "of caftingaMift" 
before his Readers' Eyes, by which he hoped to 
efcape their Animadverfions, and thus to pals on 
to Futurity, maintaining a Pofition in the iirit 
Rank of great Men, as he hitherto feems to have 
done, efpecially in his own Eflimatlon. 

He wrote in 1698: "As to our Cafe at Sa- 
lem, I conceive it proceeded from fome millaken 
Principles; as that Satan cannot affume the Shape 
of an innocent Perfon, and in that Shape do mif- 
chief to the Bodies and Eftates of Mankind; 
Aa 



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202 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

and that the Devil when he doth Harm to Per- 
fons in their Body or Eftate, it is (at leaft, moft 
commonly, generally and frequently) by the help 
of our Neighbour, fome Witch in Covenant with 
the Devil; and that when the Party fufpeded 
looks on the Parties fuppofed to be bewitched, 
and they are thereupon ftruck down Into a Fit, 
as if ftruck with a Cudgel, it is a Proof of fuch 
a Covenant. Cum multis altis" 

And again : "When this Profecution ceafed, 
the Lord fo chained up Satan, that the Afflidted 
grew prefently well. The Accufed are generally 
quiet; and for five Years fince, we have no fuch 
Moleftation by them." He had previoufly re- 
marked, that "this Matter was carried on chiefly 
by the Complaints and Accufations of the 
Afflifted (bewitched ones, as it was fuppofed) and 
then by the Confeffions of the Accufed con- 
demning themfelves and others. Yet Experience 
ftiewed, that the more there were apprehended, 
the more were ftiU afflicSed by Satan; and the 
Number of Confelfors increafing, did but increafe 
the Number of the Accufed; and the executing 
of fome made way for the apprehending of 
others; for ftill the Afflidted complained of being 
tormented by new Objedts, as the Former were 
removed. So thofe that were concerned grew 
amazed at the Number and Quality of the Per- 
fons accufed, and feared that Satan by his Wiles 
had enwrapped innocent Perfons under the Im- 
putation of that Crime. And at laft it was evi- 
dently feen that there muft be a Stop put, or the 



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i6g2 in New England. 203 

Generation of the Children of God would fall 
under that Condemnation. Henceforth, there- 
fore, the Juries generally acquitted fuch as were 
tried, fearing they had gone too far before."' 

A difinterefted Spedtator could hardly have 
written thus, at that Day, unlefs he had really 
been but a Speiflator, and had never encouraged 
the abominable Proceedings. Now, when it is 
known that the Author was a confiderable Pro- 
moter of them, his "Mift" becomes too tranf- 
parent tor Concealment, and the third Perfon can 
by no Ambidexterity be palmed off for another. 

The Account of the Delufion of 1692 will be 
clofed with the following Indiftments and Pro- 
ceedings againft Mr, Philip Englifh, of Salem: 

"Effex in the Prouince of the MalTachufetts 
Bay in New England. Ss. 

"Anno R R' and Regino Gulielmi and Maria 
Anglia, 5cc. Quarto: Annoq. Domini, 1692. 

"The Jurors for o'^ Sou'" Lord and Lady the 
King and Queen, doe prefent, that Phillip Englifh 
of Salem, in the County of ElTex M''chant vpon 
the 3 1 ft Day of May, in the year aforefaid, and 
diuers other dayes and times as well before as 
after, certaine Deteftable arts called Witchcraft 
and forceries, wickedly, Malliftioufly and felloni- 
oufly hath vfed, prafticed and Exercifed, at and in 

' Michael Wigglefworlh " fea ed Ma her s Letter ro John Richards, 

that innocent Blood had been fhed da ed May 31, 1692, fhould be 

and thus wrote to Tncreafc M the read this Connexion, in which 

in 1705, the fame Year in h ch he mkc out a belter Cafe than in 

he died, and makes a very ta o r Ex raft. It is in Cells. Ms. 

Apology for the Judges. Colton Hift 5iic., XXXVUI, 391-7. 



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204- Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

the Towne of Salem In the County of ElTex 
aforefaid, in, upon, and againft one Mary Wall- 
cott of Salem aforefaid, iingle Woman, by faid 
wicked Adls the faid Mary Wallcott, y^ Day and 
Yeare aforefaid, and diuers other dayes and Times, 
boath before and after, was and is Tortured, 
afflidted, Confumed, Pined, waited and Tor- 
mented; againft the Peace of o'' Sou'' Lord and 
Lady, the King and Queen, their Crowne and 
dignity, and the Lawes in that Cafe made and Pro- 
uided." 

Of the fame Tenor and Date there is another 
Draft of an Indidlment againft Mr. Englifli for 
bewitching "one Elizabeth Booth of Salem." 
Both of thefe are endorfed, "Ignoramus," and 
figned, "Robert Payne, Foreman." Hence 
thefe Bills were thrown out, or pafled as not 
true Bills, although Mr. Englifti was arrefted on 
the fame 31ft of May, and fent to Bofton and 
caft into Jail, where he, with his Wife, lay fome 
lix Weeks or more. In the Meantime, while 
other Evidence was being colledted, and other 
Preparations for his Trial were being made, he 
was able, through the Advice and Aid of Friends, 
to efcape from Prifon. He fled to New York, 
and there found an Afylum till the Folly and 
Madnefs of Profecutions were at an End. 

Thofe Profecutions did not ceafe until near the 
End of April, 1693. Among our original Pa- 
pers we find the following, in a remarkably neat 
Hand, but the Writer of it is not detected. 



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i6g2 in New England. 205 

Robert Payne, the Foreman wrote a ftrange Hand, 
judging from his Signature. 

"The Depofition of mercy Lewis, aged 8tene, 
this Deponent Teftifieth and faith that Laft night 
Phihp Englifh and his Wife came to mee, alfo 
Goodwife Daften, Eliz Johnfon and old pharo' 
of Linn : faid Mrs. Englifh vrged mee to fet my 
Hand to-a Booke, and told mee fhe would Aflifl; 
mee Dreadfully, and kill mee if I did not; fo 
alfo if I would but touch the Booke I fhould bee 
well, or elfe I fliould never, s*^ mrs. Englifh s*^ 
fhe might bring the Book now fhe thought ever 
one of them would bee cleared, and now at this 
prefent time before the Grandiury %^ Philip 
Englifh, his Wife, and old Pharoh, came into the 
Roome, or their (hape, and ftroke mee on the 
Breft; and almofl: Choaked mee, and s"^ they 
would ftrangle mee if they could. 

"owned before the Grandiury vpon the oath 
fhe had taken Jane's 12":'^ 169! 

Attefts Robert Payne 

foreman." 

The fame Day William Beale gave his Depo- 
fition againft Mr. Englifli. He had on the pre- 
ceding Auguft made another, both of which will 
be found in The Witchcraft Delufion, &c., Vol. 
Ill, i8i~5, preceded by an Account of that 
Gentleman, to which the Reader is referred. 



I This " Old Pharo " was a Ne- Names wcr 


e EfTes, Prir 


ice and Ca- 


gro, Slave of Zaccheus Collins, of lo. — Lewis 


, Hijl. Lynn 


, Ed. 1865, 


Lynn. Befides Pharoah, Collins Page 344.. 






owned three other Slaves, whofe 







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2o6 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

Refpedling thofe who faved their Lives by 
confeffing themfelves Witches, it may be proper 
to remark that fuch Confeflions were wrung 
from them under Circumftances calculated to 
excite the greateft Pity and Commiferation for 
thofe who made fuch ConfeiTions; for it mull be 
borne in Mind that all Parties believed in Witch- 
craft, and that fome Perfons muft be Witches, 
and that the Troubles complained of were caufed 
by them. Imagine feeble Women forced from 
their Families and caft into cold and damp Pri- 
fons with heavy Irons upon them ! Six Females 
of Andover were thus cruelly incarcerated. It 
came about in this Wife. The Wife of one 
Jofeph Ballard was taken lick, and it was at once 
ifurmifed that Ihe was bewitched. To find out 
who were the Witches, two of the "Afflidted" 
at Salem were brought to Andover to make the 
Difcovery, and thus commenced the " direful 
Calamity" which befel that Town. At what 
Time the fix Females were firfl: fufpedted does 
not appear; but thofe in Authority ordered them 
to come together at the Meeting houfe, where, 
after a Prayer was had by the Minifter, the 
Acculed were blindfolded and led up to the 
" Aflidted " already in their Fits. The fufpedted 
Females being thus led up to them and their 
Hands placed upon them by their Condudlors, 
the Afflidled were at ouce free from their 
Fits, " and faid they were well." Whereupon, 
fay the blindfolded, *' we were all felzed upon as 
Prifoners, by a Warrant from the Juftice of the 



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1692 in New England. 207 

Peace," hurried off to Salem, utterly amazed and 
aftonifhed, and "affrighted even out of their 
Reafon." Such was their Introduiftion to Irons 
upon their Limbs, and a near Profpeft of an 
ignominious Death upon the Gallows. This was 
their Condition when Friends befet them on 
every Side to confefs themfelves Witches, as the 
only Means of faving their Lives. Hour after 
Hour, and Day after Day, they were befought by 
dear and near Kindred and Friends to confefs, 
until they were worn out for want of Refl 
and Sleep. It is not ifrange that their Minds 
wandered until they imagined they experienced 
what they confeffed; as that they rode through 
the Air on Poles to certain Rivers or Ponds, 
where they were baptized by the Devil; that 
they had figned his Book, and given themfelves 
to him Soul and Body, and thus bound them- 
felves to worfhip him ; that in return they could 
command him to afflidt whomfoever they fhould 
defignate. Thefe Things being embodied in the 
Indictments were a Guide to Confeiiions, and 
were forced from them by leading Queftions. A 
Cotemporary' fays he is fure that moft of the 
Charges in thofe Indiftments "would be better 
laid againft the Judges in the Oyer and Termi- 
ner," for that thofe Judges " ferved, if they did 
not worffiip the Devil, and took him to be their 
God, whether they ligned his Book or not. Had 
that Book been brought into Court, as it ought 

1 Savage. 



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2o8 Annals of Witchcraft 1692 

to have been, or the Government called on to 
ihow, at leaft, what Means they had ufed to get 
the precious Record to the open View of the 
Jury, the Name of William Stoughton, and more 
than one of his alTociate Judges, I doubt not, as 
clearly as that of any of the Accufed, would have 
flared in the fapphire Blaze." Such an Idea 
would naturally occur to any ordinary Lawyer of 
our Times, bat the Accufed of thofe Days had 
no Counfel to demand in their Behalf that the 
Book be produced in Court. Had fuch a De- 
mand been made it would doubtlefs have been 
fcouted by the Judges. Befides, we are told by 
an able Lawyer' of that Time that " the Devil 
could not be lawfully fummoned" to bring his 
Book Into Court. 

1700. 

An Execution for Witchcraft took place in 
Albany, in the Year 1700, related in a Communi- 
cation of the Earl of Bellomont to the Lords of 
Trade and Plantations. As it is fufficiently Con- 
cife for our Purpofe, and graphically fketched, it 
follows in his own Words : 

"Aquendero, the chief Sachem of the Onon- 
dage Nation, who was Prolocutor for all the Five 
Nations at the Conference I had two Years ago 
at Albany, has been forced to fly from thence, 
and come and live on Coll. Schuyler's Land near 
Albany. Aquendero's Son is poyfoned, and 

1 Sir Robert Filmer, 



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1700 in New York, 209 

languillies, and there is a Sore broke out on one 
of his Sides, out of which there comes Handfulls 
of Hair, lb that they recon he has been bewitched, 
as well as poifoned. 

*' I met with an old Story from the Gentlemen 
of Albany, which I think worth relating. De- 
canniffore, one of the Sachems of the Onondages, 
married one of the Praying Indians in Canada 
{by Praying Indians is meant fuch as are inilrudled 
by the Jefuits). This Woman was taught to 
poifon, as well as to pray. The Jefuits had 
furnifhed her with fo fubtill a Poifon, and taught 
her a Legerdemain in ufing it, fo that whoever 
file had a Mind to poifon, (he would drink to 'em 
a Cup of Water, and let drop the Poifon from 
under her Nail (which are always very long, for 
the Indians never pare 'em) into the Cup. This 
Woman was fo true a Difciple to the Jefuits, that 
fhe has poifoned a Multitude of our Five Nations 
that were beft affeited to us. She lately coming 
from Canada in Company of fome of our In- 
dians, who went to vifit their Relations in that 
Country who have taken Sides with the French; 
and, there being among others a Proteftant Mo- 
hack (a proper goodly young Man), him this 
Woman poifoned fo that he died two Days 
Journey Ihort of Albany, and the Magiftrates of 
that Town fent for his Body and gave it a 
Chriftian Burial. The Woman comes to Albany, 
where fome of the Mohacks happening to be, 
and among 'em a young Man nearly related to 
the Man that had been poifoned, who efpying 
Bb 



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2IO Annals of Witchcraft 1706 

the Woman, cries out with great Horror, that 
there was that beaftly Woman that had poifoned 
fo many of their Friends, and it was not fit fhe 
fliould live any longer in this World to do more 
Mifchief ; and fo made up to her, and with a Clubb 
beat out her Brains."' 

Although Lord Bellomont does not expreflly 
fay he was himfelf a Believer in the Exiftence of 
Witches, it is not probable that he would have 
taken fo much Pains to detail this Story had he 
not imagined that thofe to whom he was com- 
municating it were Believers. 

1706. 

Few more difgraceful Scenes were ever enadted 
in the Profecutions for Witchcraft, either in Con- 
nefticut or Maffachufetts, than this which took 
place in Virginia, next to be related.^ 

There lived in Princefs Anne County, in that 
Province, a Female named Grace Sherwood. 
The Court of that County fat on the third of 
January, 1706; prefent as Juftices, Beno. Bur- 
roughs, Coi. Mofely, John Cornick, Capt. Han- 
cock and Capt. Chapman. On Complaint of 
Luke Hill and his Wife, a Warrant was ilTued 
fummoning the Woman to appear at the next 
Court. As Ihe did not appear an Attachment was 
iffued to the Sheriff to arrefl: and bring her there. 
According to the Writ the Accufed was arraigned 

1 l^tVJ Ttrk Colonial Documents, ~ See Barh^r. ~~ Firgmia Hif- 

IV, 6S9. lerical Colli., and Foreft's Norfolk 



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1 706 in Virginia, 211 

on the 7th of February following, "and y^ Mat- 
ter being after a long Time debated, and ordered 
y' y^ faid Hill pay all Fees of this Complaint, 
and y^ y*^ faid Grace be here next Court to be 
fearched according to y^ Complaint, by a Jury of 
Women to decide y^ faid difference, and y^ Sheriff 
is likewife ordered to furamon an able Jury 
accordingly." 

Nothing further feems to have been done in 
this lingular Specimen of a back-woods Court till 
the 7th of March following. The Juftices then 
prefent were Col. Edward Mofely, Lieut. Adam 
Thorrowgood, Maj. Henry Sprat, Capt. Horatio 
Woodhoufe, Mr. John Cornick, Capt. Henry 
Chapman, Mr. Wm. Smith, Mr. John Richefon, 
and Capt. Geo. Hancock. The Jury of Women 
reported that they had fearched Grace Sherwood 
and found two Things like "Titts," with feveral 
other Spots. The names of the Women are 
given in the Records. Here the Court found 
itfelf in deep Water, and adjourned over without 
coming to any Decifion; but on the 2d of May, 
the Record ftates, that "whereas a former Com- 
plaint was brought againft Grace Sherwood for 
Sufpicion of Witchcraft, which by y'^ Attorney 
General] Tomfon's Report to his Excellency in 
Council was too generall and not charging her 
with any peticular Ad;; therefore reprefented to 
them, yt Princefs Ann Court, might, if they 
thought litt, have her examined de novo; and j^ 
Court being of Opinion y"^ there is great Caufe of 
Sufpicion, doe therefore order y'^ y^ Sheriff take 



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212 Annals of Witchcraft 1706 

y^ faid Grace into his fafe Cuftody, until ilie fhall 
give Bond and Security for her Appearance to y= 
next Court to be examined de novo, and y* y^ 
Conftable of y' Precinct goe with y^ Sheriff and 
fearch y^ faid Grace's Houfe and all fufpicious 
Places carefully for all Images and fuch like 
Things." 

The Examination and Search by the Jury of 
Women feems not to have been fatisfaftory, and 
the fame Jury were ordered to make a new exa- 
mination and to report at the next Court. But 
they declined the Service, and a new Jury of 
Women was empannelled. 

On the 5th of July (1706) we find this Record 
of Proceedings: "Whereas for this [thefe] 
feverall Courts y« Bufinefs between Luke Hill 
and Grace Sherwood on Sufpicion of Witchcraft, 
have been for feverall Things omitted, particu- 
larly for want of a Jury to fearch her, and y^ 
Court being doubtfull that they ihould not get 
one y* Court, and being willing to have all means 
poflible tryed, either to acquit her or to give more 
Strenth to y^ Sufpicion, y' ihe might be dealt with 
as deferved." 

It was finally decided that the old Englifh Tefl 
fhould be put in Practice, namely, of carting the 
Accufed into the Water. "The Sheriff to take 
all fuch convenient Affiftance of Boats and Men, 
as fhall be by him thought fitt, to meet at Jno. 
Harper's Plantacon, in order to take y« faid Grace 
forthwith, and put her into the Water above 
Mans Depth, and try her how Ihe fwims therein." 



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1706 



Vt 



irginta. 



The Executioners were ordered, that if it was 
found that fhe would fwlm to be careful not to 
drown her, and as foon as fhe came out, "to re- 
queft as many antient and knowing Women as 
pofTible to examine her carefully for Teats, Spots 
and Marks about her Body not ufuall on others." 
The Court ordered further, "that fome Women 
be requefled to fhift and fearch her before Ihe goe 
into y^ Water, y' flie carry Nothing about her to 
caufe any further Serfpicion. She was accordingly 
bound and call in, and being found to fwim was 
taken out again. 

There feems to have been much halting in the 
Cafe of the poor doomed Woman, this laft Re- 
cord being under the loth of July. Mention is 
made of many Witnelfes that teftified againft her, 
but what they teilified to, excepting that (he was 
a Witch, Nothing appears. If the Teftimony 
was written down it was not probably preferved; 
and we find no mention of the Cafe until the 
15th of September {1706) when "having had 
fundry Evidences fworne, proving many Cercum- 
ftances againfi: her which Ihe could not make 
any Excufe, or little or nothing to fay in her own 
Behalf, only feemed to rely on what y^ Court 
{hould doe; and thereupon confented to be tryed 
in y'^ Water, and likewife to be fearched againe, 
with Experiments : being tryed, and fhe fwiming 
when therein," as before mentioned, was fearched 
again "by five antient Weamen, who all declared 
on Oath, y"^ fhe is not like them, nor no other 
Woman y"^ they knew of; having two Things 



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214 Annals of Witchcraft 1706 

like Titts on her private Parts, of a black coller, 
being blacker than y= Reft of her Body. All 
which Cercumftances the Court weighing in 
their Confideracon, doe therefore order that y^ 
Sheriff take y° fald Grace into his Cuftody, and 
to commit her Body to y^ common Joal of this 
County, their to fecure her by Irons or other- 
wife, there to remain till fuch Time as he fhall 
be otherwife directed, In order for her coming to 
y*^ common Goal of y^ Countey to be brought to 
a future Tryall there." 

What became of Grace Sherwood does not 
appear to be known to the People of the Region 
where fhe was experimented upon. A Hiftorlan 
of an adjacent Part of the Old Domain has a 
very brief Notice of the Trial, which he fays was 
a very Grace-\&h Affair ! And we muft be 
allowed to fay that it Is our deliberate Opinion 
that he has not detailed the Subject with any 
Grace at all. 

Owing to the Ihockingly bungling and Illite- 
rate Manner in which the Records of this Affair 
appear, it is not eafy to conftrudt an intelligent 
Narrative out of them. But one Thing is very 
evident, namely, that the Accufed was as favagely 
and perfillently purfued as any one could have 
been fimilarly circumftanced. Amidft it all there 
muft have been Scenes both comical and highly 
ludicrous; imagine a Perfon to be thrown into a 
Lake, to meet a watery Grave, provided the 
Party did not float upon Its Surface, and at the 
fame Time the Court "ordering the Sheriff not 



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I7I2 in South Carolina. 215 

to expofe her to the Rain, as {he might take 
Cold, y^ Weather being very rainy and bad"! 

The Trial oi Jtnktng or fwimming was ordered 
on the 5th of July, but it did not then take 
place, probably by Reafon of the Inability of the 
Sheriff to get a Jury of Women to attend to the 
delicate Duties affigned them. 

The Place where Trial by Water was made is 
an Inlet of Lynnhaven Bay, in Princefs Anne 
County, and known to this Day as Witch Duck. 



1712. 

In South Carolina, as late as 171 2, the Law 
"againft Conjuration, Witchcraft, and dealing 
with evil and wicked Spirits," was declared to be 
in force. It is quite probable that fome Cafes of 
Witchcraft had occurred among fome of the 
South Carolinians, which caufed the Revival of 
the KQc of James the Firft; but what they were, 
and how extenlive, we have no Means at Hand 
to determine, as their Chroniclers are filent upon 
the Subjed:. But one Thing is very certain, and 
that is, if they did not raife Witches down there, 
they raifed the Devil very early. 

About this Period fome fufpedted of Witch- 
craft were feized upon by a fort of ruffianly 
Vigilance Committee, and condemned to be 
burnt ; and were actually roafted by Fire, although 
we do not learn that the Injuries thus infli£ted 
proved fatal. The Parties (o tortured, or their 
Friends, brought an Action in the regular Courts 



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2i6 Annals of Witchcraft 1720 

for the Recovery of Damages, but the Jury gave 
them Nothing! 



1720. 

There was a Cafe of Witchcraft {as fuppofed) 
in the then fparfely fettled and out of the way 
Town of Littleton, in Middlefex County, Maffa- 
chufetts, in 1720, which was quite as formidable 
in its firfl Stages as that was in Salem Village, but 
it was too late in the Century for it to make 
much Headway, and the Inhabitants were too 
few to allow it to fpread over any conliderable 
Territory. The Names of thofe who were 
Adiors in it are fuppreffed in the Materials ufed, 
and not much Pains have been taken to recover 
them. The principal Impoftor having removed 
to Medford in the fame County, a few Years 
after the Affair had blown over, offered herfelf as 
a Candidate to the Rev. Mr. Ebenezer Turell's 
Church there. Her "Experience" was con- 
fidered fatisfaftory, and ihe was about to take her 
Place among the Members, when, in the Mean- 
time, the reverend Minifter preached a Sermon, 
the Burthen of which was, that Liars would go 
ftraight to Hell, be cafi. into a Lake of Fire and 
Brimftone, and there to feethe for ever and ever, 
and fo forth. Happening to hear this Difcourfe 
fhe was overcome with Remorfe, fuppofing the 
Preacher had her Cafe in his Mind. So, in great 
Tribulation fhe went to him, deeply bewailing 
her Deception, made a new Confeffion, and in 



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1728 in New England. 217 

due Time was admitted into the Church, and for 
aught that has appeared to the Contrary, lived a 
confiftent Chriftian Life ever after. 

As in the Cafes of the Goodwin Children of 
Bofton, and thofe of the Paris Family at Salem, 
thofe of Littleton were the three Daughters of 
"one J. B.," whofe Ages ranged five, nine and 
eleven Years. One of thefe {probably the oldeil;) 
went to refide at Medford, as juft mentioned. 
She told all the Circumftances to Mr. Turell, 
who wrote them down. The Paper thus drawn 
up was in the Hands of Governor Hutchinfon 
when he was preparing his Hiftory of Majfachu- 
fetts, who has given a Synopfis of it in that 
Work.' 



172H. 

There were doubtlefs fome unaccountable 
Tranfadtions in the Colony of Rhode Ifland 
which caufed the Authorities there to enad: or 
reenadt the Law "againft Conjuration, Witch- 
craft, and dealing with evil and wicked Spirits; 
that Witchcraft is and Ihall be Felony; and 
whofoever lliall be lawfully convidted thereof 
fhall fuffer the Pains of Death." 

It is here propofed to fufpend thefe Refearches. 
They might eafily be carried to a much later 
Period, and pretty ferious Cafes too might be de- 

1 See Vol. 11, Pages 20 and zi. Edition, Boilon, 1767. 

Cc 



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2i8 Annals of 'Witchcraft. 1728 

tailed, but what has been done will probably be 
as much as will ever be read. The Intereft of 
the Publick will decide that Queftion. If more 
is wanted, it may be forthcoming in future Edi- 
tions. 



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APPENDIX. 



No. I. 

XAMINATION of Hugh Parfons, of Spring- 
field, on a Charge of Witchcraft, and the 
Tejiimonies given againft him, before Mr. 
William Pyncbon, at Springfield, 1651. 







as detefled.] 



[ai] Hugh Parfons Examinations. All thefe Tefti- 
monies now taken vpon Oath 

Before me, William Pynchon. 

[23] The Examination of Hugh Parfons. i. d. of 
[March?] and his 2d Exam, y" [obliterated]. 

HUGH PARSONS you are attached upon Suf- 
pition of Witchcraft. 
George Lankton' and Hannah his Wife do ioyntly 
teftifie vpon Oath: that on ffriday laft, being the 21 
ffebruary, they had a Pudding in y° fame Bagg, and 
that as foone as it was flipped out of the Bag, it was 
cut lengthwife like the former Pudding,' and like 

' Langton, or perhaps Langdon was a Widow of Edmund Haynes. 

was the original family Name, but ^ The whole Story about the 

they have long been dlftinft. This cutting of Puddings is fet in the 

George was an Emigrant. His Wife laft Leaf. — Note by Mr. Pynchon. 



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220 Appendix, 

another on y^ 23 ffeb. as fmooth as any Knife could 
cut it, namely, one Slice al alonge, wantinge but very 
litle, from End to End. 

Alfo Hannah the Wife of George Lanfton faith 
vppon Oath, that a Neighbor came in, and fhe Ihowed 
it to him, ind that Neighbor took a Peece of it and 
threw into the Fier: and Ibe faith that about an Hower 
after, phapps a little more, fhe herd one mutter and 
mumble at the Dore; then fhe afked Goody Sewell 
who was then at her Houfe (and neere y" Dore} who 
it was, fhe faid it was Hugh Parfons, and that he 
aflced whether Goodman Lankton were at Home or 
no. I faid no, and fo he went away, but left not his 
Arrand, neather did he euer fince come to fignifie his 
Arrand. 

Depofed in Corte by Hanna [Lankton]. 

Hugh Parfons being aiked what his Anfwer was; 
he fpake to other Thinges and not to the Queftion,' 
being afked the 2'' Tyme what his Arrand was, he 
fpake againe of other by Matters, and not to the 
Queftion: being aflied the j'^ Tyme what his Arrand 
was, and charged to make a dit&& Anfwer, then he 
faid it was to gett fome Hay of him. Being aiked 
againe whether he had ppounded his Arrand fince to 
Goodman Lankton; he faid he never faw him fince, 
Then one or two that were prefent tefi:ified that they 
fee him meete Goodman Lanfton next Day below.^ 
Symon Bemon3 and Rice Bodorthe'' fay vppon Oath, 

1 Pity we are deprived of know- ■* Savage did not find [he Name 

ing thofe "other Things." thus fpelled, hut over Rice he raifes 

- At fome Point down the River, confiderable Mift. Judd (no Doubt) 
told him that Rice was the Father 

■' A Name fince written Beaman. of John, who " was drowned, 1 8 

Savage has "(Irangcl)'" mixed the Mar. 1683, with his f, and Lydia, 

Families of " Beamond, Beamon, w. of his br, Jofeph, and Mercy, 

and Seaman. d. of his br. Samuel." 



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Appendix. 221 

that the next Day but one they fkw Hugh Parfons 
meete Goodman Lankin accompanied w Thomas 
Sewell' in the Streete, and that they faw him fpeak to 
Goodman Lanketon. 

George Landton faith on Oath that he neuer to this 
Day aflced him for any Hay. 

When Hugh Parfons faw himfelf taken tardy [24] 
in this put of, then he faid that he did not aik him 
becaufe John Lumbard had tould him that Goodman 
Lankton had fould more Hay to Goodman Herman 
than he could fpare. But after inquiry 

John Lumbard' faith vppon oath, March 17, 1650, 
That tlie Wednefday before that Hugh Parfons came 
to Goodman Lanktons Houfe for Hay, that he had 
fpeoken to buy fome Hay of Goodman Lankton, 
namly as he paffd by where he and Hugh Parfons 
were at Worke together, and had a Deniail ; and then 
he tould Hugh Parfons that Goodman Lankton could 
not fpare him any Hay, for he had already fould more 
to Goodm Herman^ than he could fpare, and faid he 
ihould now want himfelf. 

John Lumbard alfo faith on Oath, that y= {Friday 
after, when the faid Pudding was fo ftrangely cut, he 
tould Hugh Parfons that Lanfton had no Hay to fell, 
Hugh Parfons not being able to repHe any further, it 
is evident that his coming to y^ Dore of Goodman 
Lankton p'fently after the burning of the Pudding, 
w''' was the next Day after Jo. Lumbard had tould 

1 To what Family of Sewdl or found at Springfield, 1646 ; the 

Sewall he belonged has not been next Year, Sept. 1, he was at New 

found. Savage guelTes he left Haven, where he married Joanna 

Springfield foon after the Birth of Pritehard.— -Japtf^^. 
a Dau. (Abigail) 14 March, 1650, 

but where he went, or *' whence he ^ A Family named Harm/in came 

came is wholly uncertain." to N. England in 1635, in theShip 

Love. This was probably Jnhn 

s Since fpele Lombard. John is Herman. 



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222 Appendix, 

him that he had no Hay to fpare, that his Arrand to 
gett Hay was no true Caufe of his coming Thither 
but rather that y'^ Spirit that bewitched the Pudding 
brought him thither.' 

Mary Parfons being pfent at y° 2* Examination, 
faith, one Reafon why I have fufpeded my Hufband 
to be a Witch is becaufe all that he fells to Anybody 
doth not profper. I an forry faid fhe for that pore 
Man, Tho. Millar,^ for two Dayes after my Huf- 
band and he had bargained for a Peec of Ground 
Thomas Millar had that Mifchance of that Cutt in 
his Legg. 

[25] Thomas Millar being p'ent, faith vppon Oath, 
that he being in Company with feuerall other 
Workeraen about Tymber Trees in the Woods, as we 
were at Dinner, and merry together, Hugh Parfons 
fatt on a Bow fomewhat higher then the Reft. Then 
one of the Company ftarted this Queftion; I wonder 
why he fitts there; Thomas Millar faith he anfwered, 
To fee what we have: and then I began to fpeak of 
the cuttinge of the Puddinge in Towne. 

Thomas Cooper3 being pfent w''' the faid Work- 
men, faith, that he was much troubled in his Minde 
becaufe Thomas Millar fpake fo plainely to Hugh 
Parfons leaft fome ill Euent Ihould follow. 

And both Tho. Cooper and Thomas Millar fay 
vppon Oath, that Hugh Parfons was as merry and as 
pieafant before this Speeche about the Pudding as any 

' As though the Devil could not the Indians, Oftober jth, 1675. — 

bewitch a Pudding without being Springjield Records. 
on the Spot! 

2 He was probably an Emigrant, ^ The fame afterwards (5 Oft., 

although at what Time he came 1675) killed by the Indians, as he 

over is not known. His Wife was was paffiug from one Garrilbn to 

Sarah, Daughter of Thomas Marlh- another. — See I. Mather, Brief 

field, of Springfield, whom he mar- His., p. 98, Note ; and Hubbard, 

ried in 1649. He was killed by I, 107, izi; 11,44. 



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Appendix. 223 

in the Company, but after this he was wholly filent, 
and fpake not a Word in replie about y" Pudding: 
but fatt dumb: and Tho. Millar faith that about half 
a Quarter of an Hower after, at his firft fettinge to 
Worke, his Legg was cutt. 

April 3. J651. Thomas Burneham' faith vppon 
Oath that he faid to Hugh Parfons a Little before his 
App'henfion; here is ftrange Doings in Towne about 
cutting of Puddings, and whetting of Sawes in y^ 
Night Tyme : Hugh Parfons herd thefe Thinges much 
agitated among diuers then p'fent, and was wholly 
filent, but at laft he faid, I never herd of this Thinge 
before this Night. Thomas Burneham faith he faid to 
him, that is ftrange, that you Jhould not here of thes 
Thinges: and I being but a Stranger in Towne, doe 
here of it in all Places whereuer I come: Att this 
Hugh Parfons held down his Head and was wholly 
filent, but he tooke Occafion to fpeak of other by 
Matters, as pleafantly as Anybody elfe, but to the 
Matter of the Pudding he would fay Nothing: and yet 
faith Thomas Burneham, I fpake to him of it feuerall 
Tymes, and of y^ whettinge of Sawes on purpofe to 
fee what Hugh Parfons would fay to it, but ftill he 
continued fylent,^ and would not fpeak any Thinge 
about thefe Thinges. Then Goodman Mun beinge 
p'ent faid I would y' thofe that whet Sawes in the 
night Tyme, and on y' Lordes Dayes, were found out: 
Then faith Thomas Burnham, I faid, you Sawyers 
you had need to look to it: Hugh Parfons being alfo 
a Sawyer, never returned any Anfwer, but ftill con- 

1 He happened to be at Spring- tures may not be verj' fatisfaftoiy. 
field at this Time, but probab!)- did 

not remain iong. Where he came = That any fenfible Man Hiould 

from, or where he went to, is alike have been filent at the Repetition 

unknown. He may have been of of fiich childifti and contemptible 

the Ipfwich Family, but Conjee- Nonienfe is not at all ftrange. 



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224- Appendix. 

tinued lilent: This Matter about the Puddinge and 
whetting of Sawes was often toffed vp and downe be- 
tweene feuerall P^ons, and many faid they neuer herd 
y" like; and Hugh Parfons was often fpoken to, in 
pticular, and afked if he euer herd y" like, but ftill he 
continued wholly filent. 

Joane, the Wife of William Warrener,' and Abigail 
y' Wife of Goodman Munn,^ being p'nt when the (aid 
fpeeches were vfed, do acknowledg that they rember 
all Thinges that haue bin related by Thomas Burn- 
ham, and that Hugh Parfons was wholly fylent, and 
do teftifie the fame vppon Oath, the Day and Yere 
aboue faid, 

[27] 2dly Blanche Bodorthes faith on Oath, ffeb. 
27, and March ift. and March 18, 1649. That 
about two Yeeres fince, Hugh Parfons being at ower 
Houfe, we had fome Speeches about a Bargaine w"' 
my Hulband about fome Brickes: and then Blanch 
Bodorthe faith that Ihe fpake Somethinge about the 
faid Bricks that did much difpleafe Hugh Parfons: 
Therevppon he faid vnto me, Gammer, you neded 
not haue faid Anythinge, I fpake not to you, but I 
(hall remember you when you little think on it. 

Alfo Rice Bodorthe faith vppon Oath, that he 
took Notice of the faid Threatninge, and was much 
offended at it, and tould Hugh Parfons that it was no 
good Speech; but I haue often herd him vfe fuch 

1 Snppofed to be the Freeman fcrved in the Pequot War ; re- 

of 1638. His Wife's maiden moved to Springfield, where be 

Name was Searl, or Something like married Abigail (Ball) Burt. See 

it, as Genealogifts cannot agree Savage, III, 254. The Name is 

about it, and their great Arbiter lefs common than many others, 
does not obtrude a Decifion. They 

call her Joanna. 3 Her maiden Name was Lewis, 
married Rice Bodortha, 1646. It 

^ Doubtlefs Benjamin Munn, will be remembered that Parfotis's 

previouHj' of Hartford, who had Wife was a Lewis. 



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Appendix. 225 

Threatninge, both againft myfelf and others when he 
hath bin difpleafed. 

Blanch Bodorthe tooke Oath in Carte to all fiie 
witneffeth, 

[a8] Samuell Marihfeild' being alfo p'ent at y'= fame 
Tyme, teftifies vppon Oath, that he herd Hugh 
Parfons vfe the faid threatninge Speech to Blanche 
Bodorthe. 

At this Hugh Parfons was wholy iilent and anfwered 
not. 

Then I tould him of fome euill Euents that did 
follow not longe after this Threatninge. 

Samuell Marfhfeild teftifieth in Cort. 

Blanch Bodorthe doth teftifie vppon Oath, that 
foone after this threatninge Speech, as file was going 
to Bedd, and had put of her Waftcote made of red 
fhag Gotten, and as flie was going to hang it vp on a 
pin, ihe held it vp betweene her Hands, and then llie 
faw a Light as it had bin the Light of a Candle, 
croffing the back of her Waftcote, on the Infide, three 
Tymes, one after another, at w'^'' ftie was amazed: and 
therefore file faith, that after file had laid it downe, 
file tooke it vp againe to try if y° Fierlight might not 
be the Caufe of it, but fiie faith that the Fierlight 
being all one as it was before, (he could not prciue 
any fuch Light by it, and befides flie faith it could not 
be the Fierlight, becaufe there was a double Indian 
Matt compaffing the Bedd and the Place where fiie 
was, fo that it could not be the Fierlight, for this 
double Matt was betwixt her and the Fier: and fiie 
faith moreouer that becaufe this Light was fo ftrange 
to her, flie took her Waftcote feuerall other Nights to 



1 He married Either, Daughter who was fiippofed to have been loft 

of Samuel Wright, 18 Feb., 1652 ; at Sea. The Name is, uniformly 

was Son of Thomas Marflificld, Marflifeild in the IVlaiiufeript. 

Dd 



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226 Appendix. 

try if y^ Fierlight would not giue fuch a Light as ftie 
faw at firft, and lield it vp y" fame Way that Ihe did at 
firft but flie faith Ihe could not prciue any fuch Light 
afterwards. 

[29] 2'"''. About a Month after this, fhe faith that when 
ilie was in Child Bed: and as well as moft Women 
vfe to be, and better then fhe vfed to be: yet at the 
Weeks end being defirous to fleepe, fhe lay ftill, that 
(he might fleepe, and (he did fleepe: and yet about an 
Hower or more after, (he awaked, and felt a Sorene(re 
about her Hart, and this Sorene(re increafed more and 
more in three Places, namely vnder her left Breft, and 
on her left Shoulder, and in her Necke; and in thefe 
three Places, the Paine was fo tedious, that it was iike 
the pricking of Knifes, fo that I durft not lie downe, 
but was faint to be (hored vp w"' a Bagg of Gotten 
Wool, and with other Thinges: and this Extremity 
continued from Friday in the Forenoone tiU Monday 
about Noone, and then the Extremity of the Paine 
began a little to abate, and by Tufday it was pritty 
well gon : and fuddenly after, my Thoughtes were, 
that this Euill might come vppon me from the faid 
threatning Speech of Hugh Parfons. 

I do not app'hend that I was flck in any other p' 
of my Body, but in the faid three Places only, and by 
the Extremity of thefe Prickinges only. 

The Widdow Marflifeild' teftifies vppon Oath, 
March 12, 1650, that when flie kept (?) in Rice Bo- 
dorthes Wife, (he was not there in y* Night, but in the 
Daytyme only : when I went Home at Night I left her 
well, as could be expefled of a Woman in Child Bed, 
but in the Morning when I came (he was in lamenta- 
ble Torment; (he grew worfe and worfe for two or 
three Dayes, and (he cryed out as if flie had bin 

I Perhaps the Widow of Thomas Marftilield. See Note, ante. 



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Appendix, 227 

pricked with Knifes in fuch a lamentable Manner that 
I did much feare her Life: I neuer faw a Woman in 
fuch a Condition in Child Bed, for fhe could not He 
downe in her Bed, neather doe I aperhend that fhe 
had any other Kind of Sicknefle, but that pricking 
Paine only in her Side and Shoulder. 

3'*'. Blanch Bodorthe faith vppon Oath, that my 
Child being about two Yeeres ouid, as he was ftanding 
neere to his Father, did haftily run to him, and ftriued 
to gett vp vppon his Knees, and cryed I am afraide 
of the Dogg, and yet there was no Dogg there; his 
ffather afked him where the Dogg was, he faid it was 
goun vnder the Bedd: his ffather alked him whofe 
Dogg it was : [30] he faid it was Lumbardes Dogg: 
his ffather faid that Lurabard had no Dogg: y" 
he faid again it was Parfons Dogg: but y" Child's 
Meaning was at firft; that it was Parfons Dogg: I 
know it by this becaufe when Parfons did after vfe to 
come to ower Howfe he did often cale him Lumbard: 
and euer and anon he is much affrited with this Dogg, 
and doth often fpeak of it : and yet Parfons hath no 
Dogg, neather was there any Dogg in the Howfe: 
but the Earneftneffe of y° Child, both then and fince, 
doth make me conceiue it might be fome euill Thing 
from Hugh Parfons. 

Hugh Parfons hauing herd all thes Teftimonies 
alledgd, ftood ftill at his 1^ Examination, as at y' firft, 
and made no Anfwer. 

Rice Bodorthee faith vppon Oath, that euer fince y^ 
firft Tyme the Child was afraid of this Dogg he will 
often fpeak of it and point at it w"" fuch Earneftneffe 
that he hath often made me afraid w"' his earneft 
pointing at it; fometyraes he faith it is there vunder 
the Stoole, and fometymes it is there vnder the Cradle, 
and fo vnder other Places. 
[31] 3'''. Your Wife faith that fhe fufpeds you may 



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228 Appendix, 

be y' Caufe of aU the Euill that is befallen to Mr. 
Moxons Childerne, becaufe when ftie hath fpoketi to 
you about the Bargaine of Bricks that you vendertook 
to make for Mr. Moxons Chimnies, and that fhe 
thought Mr. Moxon would expert the pformance of 
the faid Bargaine: therevppon you faid, if Mr. Moxon 
do force me to make Brickes according to Bargaine, 
I will be euen with him, or he fhall get Nothinge by 
it, for fhe faith that thes two Speeches are very vfuall 
with you when you are difpleafed w* any Body. 

Anf^ Hugh Parfons faith, I faid not that I would 
be euen w"" him, but this I faid, if he would hould me 
to my Bargaine, I could pufile him in the Bargaine. 

John Mathewes' being p'ent, faith vppon Oath, 
that when he went with Hugh Parfons to fetch fome 
of his Jannell (?) Brickes, he faid to Hugh Par- 
fons, doe not you make more Brickes for Mr. Mox- 
ons Chimnies, he will ftay with vs now, and then I 
beleue he will haue vp his Chimnies: Hugh Parfons 
faid, no, that I know of) then faid I, Mr. Moxon will 
hould you to your Bargane about the faid Brickes ; 
then faid he, if he doe, I will be euen with him: And 
when Hugh Parfons made my Chimnies he did often 
vfe the fame Speech : and when he is difpleafed w"' 
any Body it is his vufuall Speech, 

At y' Teftimony of Jo: Mathewes Hugh Parfons 
was filent and made no Replie. 

M' Moxon being p'ent, faith the fame Week that 
I fpake to Hugh Parfons about the Brickes, and to his 
Wife about another Bufineffe, my Daughter Martha 
was taken ill w"' her Fittes. I confefs alfo that when I 
fpake to him of the faid Bargaine, that Hugh faid I 

1 He was previaufly at Reho- the Indians al the fanle Time Lieut, 

both. His Wife was Penticoll Cooper and Thomas IVliller were 

Bond, but who her Father was is killed. Oft. 5th, 1675. Springfield 

unknown. She was maflacred by .fi^rorA, and Hubbard's 



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Appendix. 229 

could not, in Stridnefs, hould him to y" Bargaine: 
But this kft Atifwere doth not take of the ill Purpofe 
of his former Threatning. 

[32] 4"" Sarah the Wife of Alexander Edwardes' 
teftifies vppon Oath, ffeb. 27, 1650, that about 
two Years agoe, more or lefle, Hugh Parfons being 
then at the Long Meddow, came to her Howfe to buy 
fomeMilke: (he faid I will giue you a Halfpenny 
worth, but I cannot let you haue any more at this 
Tyme : This was at that Tyme when my Cow gave 
three Quartes at a Meale; but the next Meale after 
Ihe gave not aboue a Quart, and it was as yellow as 
Saffron, and yet y^ Cow ayld Nothing that I could 
difcerne: the next Meale it altred to another ftrange 
odd CuHor, and fo it did euery Meale for a Week 
together it ftill altred to fome od Cullor or other and 
alfo it grew lelTe and lefle: and yet all the While y'^ 
Cow was as well as at any Tyme before, as far as I 
could difcerne: and about a Weeke after fhe began to 
mend her Milk againe w"'out any Meanes vfed: vppon 
this I had Thoughts that Hugh Parfons might be the 
Caufe of it. 

Alexander Edwards fwore that George Coulton^ 
faw y'^ Milke in ftrang Colors. 

Ans. Hugh Parfons faith that he did not He one 
Night at y" Long Meddow that Somer, but on!y in 
the Spring of the Yeere, eather in March or in the Be- 
ginning of Aprill, when he fet vp Fencinge there, and 
that he neuer had Milk of her but that one Tyme; 
and at that Tyme of the Yeere he thinks her Cow 
could not giue three Quarts at a Meale. 

But now, at his 2d Examination, May the 1 8, 1650, 

1 He came from Wales, by way ^ George Cohen died at SprJng- 

of Briftol. His Wife was Sarah, field, December 17th, 1699. He 

Widow of John Searl, whom he was recorded as Quartermailer. — 

married April aS, 1642, — Savage. Springfield Reterds. 



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230 Appendix. 

he feeing Alexander Edwardes about to teftifie y' Con- 
trary, he cotifefleth that he lay a Night there in plant' 
inge Tyme, about the End of May. I remember y' 
Alexander Edwards came to me to tell me of this Ac- 
cident, and faid that he was p'waded the Cow was be- 
witched by Hugh Parfons: but I did not beleue him 
at that Tyme, I rather conceiued that the Cow was 
falling into fome dangerous Sicknefle; for fuch a fud- 
den Abatement I tould him was a Sign of fome dan- 
gerous Sicknefs at Hand: but feeing no SicknefTe 
followed, I told Hugh Parfons that fuch a fudden 
Change could not come from a naturall Caufe. 
\23\ S^^ Anthony Dorchefter' faith vppon Oath ffeb. 
25, 1650, the I. Day of the i. Month and the 18 
Day, that about September was twelve Monthes, four 
Men had equall Shares in a Cow ; each had a Quarter, 
and y' Offatl was to be diuided alfo: and Hugh Par- 
fons defyred to haue the Roote of the Tounge: but 
he had it not: it fell to my Share: and a certaine 
Tyme after I had falted it, I tooke the faid Roote and 
another Peece of Meate, and put it into the Kettle as 
it was boylinge ouer the Fier at Hugh Parfons Howfe 
where I liued at y' p'fent: and there was no Body 
there but he and his Wife, and I and my Wife who 
was fick of a Confumption, fittinge on her Bedd, and 
not able to gett of without Help: neather were any 
of my Children able to take fuch a Thinge out of a 
boyling Kettle: this being the Sabbath Day, Hugh 
Parfons and his "Wife went to the Church before me, 
then I made myfelfe ready and went p'fently after 
them, and came Home before them: and tooke vp my 
Meate before they came Home, but the Roote of the 
Tounge w*" Hugh Parfons formerly defyred was gonn: 

1 He died at Springfield, Augiiit died Aug. nth, 1649, A Wife 
38th, 1683. His Wife, Sarah, Martha, died 17 Dec, 1662. 



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Appendix. 231 

his Wife came Home p'fently after me (but he came 
not with her.) Then I tould her, and ihe wondred 
how it could be gonn : and fhe went to y" Tiibb where 
it was falted to fee if it might not be forgotten, and it 
was not there: Then faid I to her, I am fure I put it 
Into the boyling K.ettle, and flie confefled that flie faw 
me pick it and wafli it, and being pTent did much 
wonder y= ftrange going of it away; and faid that ihe 
teared her Hufband might convey it away: fhe tould 
me that her Hufband went along with her till we came 
neere to Goodman Merickes, and was very pleafing to 
her, more then vfuaily he had bin a great while before: 
but there he laid the Child downe and went no further 
with her: and fhe faw him no more till y^ Meeting 
was almoft donn: (all this, Mary Parfons being p'fent 
doth acknowledge.) p'fently after this he came home: 
Then I fpake of it to him, and all that he faid 
was, that he thought I [34] did not put it in: but I 
tould him that I was fure I put it into the boyl- 
ing Kettle: And I haue euer fince belieued that no 
Hand of Man did take it away: but that it was taken 
away by Witchcraft. 

Ans. Hugh Parfons confelTeth that he defyred the 
Roote of y' Toung, but withall faith he is ignorant 
as y' Child vnborne w'^'' way it went. 

Some by Standard objeifled it might be taken away 
by his Wife as well as by him; But that is not fo 
likely becaufe Hugh Parfons went not with her to y° 
Meeting, but laid down her Child and went from her, 
and ihe faw him no more till Meeting was almoft don, 

Ans. Hugh Parfons faith, that he doth not re- 
member that he went any whither, unlefle he might go 
into Goodman Merikes^ Howfe to take a Pipe of To- 

1 Thomas Merrick was among His Wife was Sarah, Daughter of 
the early Settlers of Spriogfield. Rowland Siebbins. 



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232 Appendix. 

bacco, and though his Wife faw him no more till the 
Meeting was almoft donn, yet he faith he might be 
Handing wthout the Dore, though fhe faw him not; 
And, at his 2,d Examination, he aiked how it did ap- 
peere that he came not to the Meeting till ir was 
almoft don. 

Abigail Mun being p'fent doth teftifie vppon Oath, 
that ftie knew by the Talk about the ftrange going 
away of this Roote of the Tounge, what Sab. was 
ment, and fhe faith that ftie faw him come that Sabbath 
to y" Meeting, when y' Sermon was well onward. 

Jonathan Taylor depofed in open Courte: faith that 
he heard the faid Parfons fay (notwithftanding the 
Roote of the Toung was defired by Anthony Dor- 
chefter, for his Wife, being ficke) yett he faid I will 
haue it. Edwd: RAWSON/ecry,^ 

[35] 6'^ Griffin Jones^ doth fufpeft you for Witch- 
craft about Knife. Griffin Jones faith vppon Oath, 
fFeb 25, 1650, March i. and :8 Day that when 
he liued at his Howfe neere Hugh Parfons Howfe, 
about 1 y. agoe: on a Lordes Day, I went Home to 
Dinner, but my Wife ftaid behind at a Neighbors 
Howfe to Dinner. I took vp my Dinner, and laid 
it on a little Table made on y' Cradle Head, I fought 
for a Knife, but I could not find any. 1 cleered the 
Table where I dined to fee if any were there, and I 
ferched euery where about y" Howfe, and I could find 
none, yet I knew I had more than two, and when I 
could find none I went to an ould Balket where I had 
Things to mend Shoes w*all, and there was a rufty 
Knife, and with that I was faine to eate my Dinner. 

1 Only ttiis Teftiraony of Taylor who died s. few Weeks before him. 

is in the Hand of Rawlbn, all the ^ Iji other Records hi; Name 

other in that of Pynchon except Hands Griffith Jones. He had a 

olherwife noted, Taylor died at large Family of Children, and died 

SufEeld, 1683. Had Wife Mary, in 1677. 



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Appendix, 233 

After I had dined I took away y' Vid:ua!!s that were 
left, and laid it vp; and then I laid the rufty Knife 
on the Corner of the Table to cutt a Pip of Tobacco 
w"'all. But before I cut my Tobacco I firft went out 
of Dore to ferue a Pigg that was but a very little of 
the Dore, and no Man could come in but I muft fee 
them, and as foone as I came In to cutt ray Tobacco 
w"' the faid rufty Knife, there lay three Knifes to- 
gether on y" Table, w"'' made me blufti:' wondering 
how they came there feeing no Body was in y'^ Howfe 
but myfelf: and as I was going to cut y'' Tobacco, 
Hugh Parfons came in, and faid, where is the Man. 
Are you ready to go to y^ Meetinge; I faid by and by; 
as foone as I haue taken a Pipe of Tobacco. So he 
ftaid and took fome w''' me. 

Ans. Hugh Parfons faith he is ignorant of any fuch 
Thing, and in the Sight of God can cleare his Con- 
fience. 

It was tould him that fuch a ftrange Thinge fallinge 
out iuft at his coining in, did minifter iuft Occafion of 
Sufpkion of Witchcraft: he replyed that one Witnefs 
was not fufficient.^ 

[36] 7''. Mary Parfons his "Wife faith that one 
Reafon why (he doth fufpeft you to be a Witch, is 
becaufe you cannot abide that iny Thing ftiould be 
fpoken againft Witches. She faith that you tould her 
that you were at a Neighbors Howfe a little before 
Lecture, when they were fpeaking of Carrington? and 
his Wife, that were now app'hended for Witches, fhe 

1 The Fellow was doubtlcfs too Contempt to fpeak of them cotn- 

drunk to know very precifely what placentl)'. 
he was about. 

3 Perhaps John Carrington, of 

3 Here was common Senfe againft Wethers field, in Conneaicul. I 

A'Mfenfe. He doiibilefs viewed have found no Record of the Cafe. 

ihefe AccufaLions wiih !oo tnuch See Puilif Records of ConneHkut. 

Ee 



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234- Appendix. 

faith that when you came Home and fpake thes 
Speeches to her, fhe faid to you, I hope that God will 
find out all fuch wicked Pfons and purge New England 
of al! Witches ere it be long: to this fhe faith you 
gaue her a naughty Looke, but neuer a Word; but 
p'ently after, on a leight Occafion, you took vp a 
Block, and made as if you would throw it at her 
Head, but yet, in y° End, you did not, but threw it 
downe on y" Hearth of the Chimney. This Expref- 
fion of y' Anger was becaufe (he wiftied the Ruine of 
all Witches. 

Mary Afhley^ teftifies this fubftance, vppon Oath. 

Ans, Hugh Parfons faith he does not rember that 
euer he took vp a Block to throw at her, but vppon 
further Debate he faid at laft that he tooke vp a Block 
but remembered not the Occafion; at his 2'' Anfwer 
he faith that he took vp no Block on that Occafion. 

Replie: it might well be on that Occafion, for not 
long fince fhe faith that you faid to her, if euer any 
Trouble doe come vnto you, it will be by her Meanes, 
and that fiie would be the Meanes to hang you. 

Ans. Hugh Parfons faith that he might fay fo, be- 
caufe, in his Anger he is impatient, and doth fpeak 
what he fhould not: At his 2'' Examination, he f'' he 
might fay fo, becaufe fhe is the worfl Enimy that I 
haue, confidering the Relation that is betweene vs; [37] 
and if any Body befpeake EuiH of me fhe will fpeake 
as ill, and as much as any Body elfe, 

Mary Parfons replied, I haue often intreated him 
to confefie whether he were a Witch or no, I tould 
him that if he would acknowledge it I would begg 
the Prayers of Gods People on my Knees for him, 
and that we are not our owne, we are bought with a 

I Probably the Wife of Robert Springfield. The Alleys were an 
Afliley, one of the lirfl Settlers of early Family there. 



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Appendix. 235 

Price, and that God would redeeme from the Power 
of Sathan, &c. 

Hugh Parfons was aiked if his Wife had fpoken 
Anything to him at any Tyrae to confefs Witchcraft. 

Ans. Not Anything to me about Witchcraft that I 
rember. 

S'''. Mary Parfons faith, did not I fpeak of It to 
you vppon tlie death of my Child: did not I tell you 
then that I had iealoufies that you had bewitched y' 
owne Child to Death. 

To this he w;is fylent and made no Anfwer. 

Then (he defyred Antony Dorchefter that Hued then 
in their Howfe whether he could not remember that 
fhe had charged her Hufband w"' the bewitching of his 
Child. 

Anthony Dorchefter faid that he did not rember 
that euer fhe fpake dire<5lly to him of bewitching his 
Child, but that (he had leloufies that he had be- 
witched his Child to Death. 

Mary Parfons faid, that when her laft Child was ill 
ihe touid him that flie fufpedted he had bewitched that, 
as he had done his other Child, and faid, I haue fpoken 
of it to him, and to other Folkes, together aboue forty 
Tymes. 

It was alledged that he might well be fufpeifted to 
haue bewitched his former Child to Death, becaufe he 
exprefled no Kind of Sorrow at the Death of it. 
[38] Ans. Hugh Parfons faith that he was loath 
to exprefle any Sorrow before his Wife, becaufe of the 
weak Condition that fhe was in at that Tyme. 

Mr. Moxon defyred to afli him a Queftion w'^'' was 
this: It feemes he had Conference with his Wife 
about his fick Child, and about her Greefe for it, or 
elfe why ihould he forbeare to exprefle the AfFedion 
of Sorrow before her, that he might not grieue her. 



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236 Appendix. 

Hugh Parfons faith that his Wife might wonder at 
it, but yet that was the true Reafon of it. 

It was alked him why he did not ihow more Refpedt 
to his Wife and Child, but went into the long Med- 
dow and lay there all Night when his Child Say at the 
Point of Death, and when he herd of the Death of it 
he next Morning neuer fhewed any Sorrow for it. 

George Coalton ftood forth to teftifie on Oath, that 
coming to Hugh Parfons Houfe where his Wife was 
fitting by the Fier w"* the Child in her Lapp, and Ihe 
ftiewed to me the ftrange Condition of the Child, and 
I was amazed at it, for y' Childs Secretts did rott, or 
were confuminge: and Jhe faid; though my Child be 
fo ill, and I haue much to do with it, yet my Hufband 
keepes adoe at me to help him about his Corne: I 
faid to her, y° Hu(band had more need to get you 
fome Help then to keepe adoe at you to help him: 
and {he fpake very harOi Things againft him before 
his Face; and if he had bin inocent he would haue 
blamed her for her Speeches, for ihe fpake fuch Things 
againft him as are not ordinary for Pfons to fpeak one 
of another, and yet he beinge p'ent faid Nothing for 
himfelf in way of blaminge any Thing that ftie had 
fpoken againft him. 
Sworne in Corte. 

It was alfo objected to Hugh Parfons, that if he 
had bin inocent about the Death of his Child, he 
would haue reproued her Speeches. 

[39] Ans. Hugh Parfons faith that he had fuch 
Speeches from her dayly, and therefore he made the 
beft of it now, and he alfo faith, I fett her not about 
Bufinefs, I required none at her Hands, except it were 
to throw in fome Indian Corn from y" Dore, I haue 
often blamed her for doinge Worke, and bidd her do 
leffe. 

Anthony Dorchefter, who liued in their Howfe, 



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Appendix. 237 

flood forth to teftifie that he neuer knew him blame 
her for doinge to much Worke, except (faith he) that 
ihe helped mjf Wife at any Tyme, w'^'' Worke did not 
bring in any pffit to him. But, faith Anthony Dor- 
chefter, he need not fay that he forebore Greefe for his 
lick Child before his Wife, for feare it fhould trouble 
her in her weak Condition, for he neuer feared eather 
to greeue or difpieafe his Wife any Tyme. 

Being afked whether he did euer do any Thinge to 
comfort his Wife in her Sorrow for y^ Death of her 
Child, he anfwered not. 

Mary Parfons faid no, he did Nothing to comfort 
me, but ftill, when he came Home he kept adoe at 
me to throw in the Corne from the Dore, and when I 
faw my Hufband in this Frame, it added more Greefe 
to my Sorrow. 

Anthony Dorchefter faith, I faw Nothing he did to 
comfort his Wife, but he did often blame her that fhe 
did not throw in the Corne from the Dore. 

It was euidenced by George Coulton vppon Oath, 
that he fhewed no naturall Sorrow for y" Death of his 
Child when he firft herd of it in y^ longe Meddow. 

Jonathans Burtes Tellimony vppon Oath was for 
the Tyme of the Morning when he brought Word to 
Hugh Parfons of the Death of his Child: Jonathan 
faith it was as he thought, about eight or nine a Clock 
in the Morning; and the Place where he was firft 
tould of y' Death of it was at a great Cake [40] 
about 16 or 20 Poles from George Coulton's Howfe. 

George Coulton teftifies vppon Oath, March, i. and 
March 18, 1650, that Hugh Parfons came into y^ 
long Meddowwhen his Child lay at y" Point of Death; 
and that hauing Word of y" Death of it the next 
Morning, by Jonathan Burt, he was not affeded w"' 
it, but he came, after a light Manner, rufhing into my 
Howfe, and faid, I here my Child is dead: but I will 



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238 Appendix. 

cutt a Pipe of Tobacco firft before I goe Home: and 
after he was goun my Wife and myfelf did mch 
wonder at y" lightnefle of his Carriage, becaufe he 
fhewed no Affeiilion of Sorrow for y" Death of his 
Child. 

Sworne in Corte. 

Ans. Hugh Parfons faith that he was very full of 
Sorrow for the Death of it in Private, though not in 
Publilc; he faith that he was much troubled for the 
Death of it when he firft herd of it before he came 
into Goodm Coultons Howfe; 

George Coulton being p'ent doth teftifie, that Hugh 
Parfons came to his Howfe, he thinks, about 8 a Clock 
in the Morning, and therefore he is very fure of it, 
that he herd of it but a litle While before he came to 
his Howfe; for Jonathan Burt, that brought the 
Newes of it, fpake of it to Hugh Parfons, but about 
12 or 20 Poles from George Coultons Howfe, and he 
came p'ently thither: and therefore if he had had any 
Sorrow for the Death of his Child he could not but 
haue fhewed fome Signe of it when he came to his 
Howfe; but he faith that both he and his Wife dif- 
cerned no Signe of Sorrow at all. 

Sworne in Corte. 

Hugh Parfons defyred that Goodman Cooly would 
teflifie whether he was not aifeifted w"" the Death of 
his Child when he came to fpeak to him to go to the 
Buriall of it, he faith he could not fpeak to him for 
weeping. 

[41. Beniamin Cooly faith that when he fpake to him 
to go to the Buriali of his Child he cannot rember 
any Sorrow that he fhewed, for he came to him taking 
a Pipe of Tobacco. 

Anthony Dorchefter teftifies vppon Oath, March 
I and 18, 1650, that when Hugh Parfons Child was 
dead, w''" was laft; Indian Harueft was 12 Monthes,,he 



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Appendix. 239 

then liuing at the Howfe of Hugh Parfons, did much 
wonder that when the faid Hugh Parfons came Home 
from the long Meddow, he exprelTed no Kind of Sor- 
row for his Child after he came Home; but carried 
himfelf as at other Tymes without any regard of it, 
that eather I or my Wife could difcouer. 

Alfo, Blanch Bodorthe faith, on oath, that Ihe was 
at Hugh Parfons Howfe when he came from y° long 
Meddow and he fhewed no kind of Sorrow for y° 
Death of his Child. 

Hugh Parfons faith, that when his Child was fick 
and like to dye, he run barefoote and barelegged, and 
with Teares to defyre Goody Cooly to come to his 
Wife, becaufe his Child was fo ill. 

Mary Parfons faith, that this was out of a fudden 
Feare, at the very firft Tyme that y° Child was taken, 
for it was fuddenly and ftrangely taken with a Trem- 
bling, beginning at the Toes, and coming vpwardes, 
and fo it flopped the Childes Breath. 

Goody Cooly alfo teftifies, that this was at the firft 
Tyme that the Child was taken. There was fome 
Speeches vfed, that it might be bewitched, for thefe 
that are now bewitched haue often Tymes Something 
rife up into their Throates that doth ftopp their 
Breath: and it feemes by George Coultons Teftimony, 
that the Child was ftrangely taken. 

Mary Aflily and Sara Leonard flood vp to giue 
Teftimony, that they faw the Child in ye Tyme of its 
Sicknefle, and that they app'hended the Secrets of the 
Child to confume and waft away, 

[42] Mary Parfons being afked what Reafons fhe had 
to fufpedl her Huftiand for a Witch, gaue thefe Rea- 
fons : — 

I. Becaufe when I fay Anything to any Body, neuer 
fo fecretly, to fuch ffreinde as I am fure would not 
fpeak of it, yet he would come to know it; by what 



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240 Jippendix^ 

Meanes I cannot tel!: I haue fpoken fome Thinges 
to Mrs. Smith, that goes Htle Abroad, and I am fare 
would not fpeak of it, yet he hath knowen it, and 
would fpeak of it to me as foone as I came Home. 

2'''. Becaufe he vfeth to be out a Nights till Mid- 
night (till of Late), and about half an Hower before 
he comes Home, I (hall here fome Noyfe or other 
about the Dore, or about the Howfe. 

3'''. Becaufe he vfeth to come Home in a diftempered 
Frame, fo that I could not tell how to pleafe him; 
fonietymes he hath puld of the Bed Clothes and left 
me naked a Bed, and hath quenched the Fier; fome- 
tymes he hath thrown Peafe about ye Howfe and 
made me pick them vp. 

4. Becaufe oftentymes in his Sleepe he makes a 
gabllnge Noyfe, but I cannot vnderftand one Word 
that he fays, and when I did aflce what it was that he 
talked in his Sleepe, he would fay that he had ftrange 
Dreames; and one Tyrae he faid that the Diuell and 
he were fighting, and that the Diuill had almoft ouer- 
come him, but at laft he got the Maftery of the Diuill. 
Being afked if euer ihe knew her Huftjand doe any 
Thing beyond the Power of Nature: fhe faid on a 
Tyme her Hufband fent her to Jonathan Taylor to 
get him to worke on the Morrow, and as I returned 
Home in ye Twilight, I faw a Thing like a great nafty 
Dogg by the Path Side, I fufpetfted it was donn by 
Witchcraft from my Hufband he fent me out [worn 
from the Margin] but vfually he doth fuch Thinges 
himfelf 

[43] fFeb. 27, 1 650. Beniamin Coly faith vppon 
Oath that Mary Parfons tould him aboue a Yeere 
fince, that fhe feared her Hufband was a Witch, and 
that fhe fo far fufpefl:ed him that fhe hath ferched him 
when he hath bin afleepe in Bedd, and could not find 
Anythin about him vnleffe it be in his fecret Ptes. 



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Appendix. 2 4. i 

ffeb. 27, 1650. Anthony Dorchefter faith vppon 
Oath, that about a Yeere and a Quarter fince, I and 
my Wife liued for a Tyrae at Hugh Parfons Howfe, 
and that I haue feueral! Tymes herd Mary Parfons 
fay that Ihe fufpefted, and greately fufpei5ledj her Huf- 
band to be a Witch, and that her Hulband once in 24 
Howers would be from Home, if not in the Day 
Tyme then in the Night Tyme, what euer Weather it 
was: and that in his Abfence fhe hath herd a rumbling 
Noyfe in the Howfe, fometymes in one Place and 
fometymes in another; and that flie did much fufpe»5t 
him to be a Witch, becaufe if (he had any priuate Talk 
w"' any he would come to know it, by what Meanes 
fhe could not tell, being confident that thofe fhe re- 
uealed herfeif vnto would neuer tell it, 

Beniamin Cooly and Anthony Dorchefter fay vppon 
Oath, that being charged by y^ Conftable to Watch 
Mary Parfons this laft Night, (he tould them that if 
her Hufband had fallen out with any Body he would 
fay that he would be euen w"' them, and then fhe found 
he did bewitch his owne Child that fhe might be at 
Liberty to help him in his Indian Harueft; for he 
expected help from her, and becaufe her Tyme was 
taken vp about her Child, he being egar after the 
World, feemed to.be troubled at it, and fhe fufpefted 
that he was a Meanes to make an End of his Child 
quickly, that fhe might be at Liberty to help him: 
another Thing fhe faid made her to fufped her Huf- 
band to be a Witch was, becaufe mofl Things he fould 
to Others did not profper: another Ground of fufpi- 
tion was, becaufe he was fo backward to go to the 
Ordenances, eather to the Leisure or to any other 
[44] Meetinge, and fhe hath bin faint to threaten 
him that fhe would complaine to the Magiftrate, or 
elfe fhe thought he would not let her go once in the 
Yeere: another Thinge made her fufpeft him to be a 
Ff 



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242 Appendix. 

Witch was becaufe of the great Noyfe that (he ftiould 
here in the Howfe when he was abroad; and flie faid, 
that laft Tufday at Night, when he was abroad fhe 
herd a Noyfe in the Howfe as if 40 Horfes had bin 
there, and after he was come to Bedd he kept a Noyfe 
and a galling in his Sleepe but fhe could not vnder- 
ftand one Word and fo he hath done many Tymes 
formerly and when Ihe afked hira what he ayled, he 
would fay he had ftrange Dreames, and one Tyme he 
faid that the Diuill and he were a fighting, and once 
he had almoft ouercome him, but at laft he ouercome 
the Diuill. 

fFrancis Pepper faith vppon Oath: when I came to 
fee Mary Parfons that Sabbath that fhe kept at Robert 
Artilies Howfe, as foone as fhe faw me fhe faid vnto 
me, y" HelFer was bewitched. I afked her how fhe 
could tell, fhe faid her Hufband had bewitched it, and 
now he had bewitched me, and he knows now what I 
fay, and he now terrifies me in this Place, ftriking her 
Hand vppon her Thigh. 

fifeb. 27, 1650. Mary the Wife of Robert Afhly 
faith vppon Oath, that Mary Parfons was at her 
Howfe, laft Ledure Day was Sen'ight, before Meet- 
ing, and among other Speeches fhe faid, as for the 
Death of Mr. Smithes Children,' it lay very fad vppon 
her, very, fhe faid becaufe my Hufband would haue 
had me to haue nurfed his Children: but, faid fhe, 
doth Any one think me a fitt N urfe for them ; I afked 
her why he would haue her to nurfe them: fhe faid for 
Luker and Gaine; one may well know his Reafon: 
after this fhe fetched a great Sigh and faid, litle doth 
Any one think how the Death of thofe Children iies 



1 Mary, Dau. of Mr, Henry Henry Smith, died 24ih June, 1648 ; 
Smith, buried at Springfield, Nov, Sarah, died 30 June, 1648. — 
gth, 1641 ; Margaret, Dau- of Mr, Springfield Records. 



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Jippendtx . 243 

vppon me: and ihe faid it was her neere Relation; 
but, faid rtie, it is better for others to bring him out 
then for me, but I can fpeak a great Deale of him if 
others bring him out. 

Mary Parfons was aiked what Grounde ftie had to 
think that her Hufband bewitched Mr. Smithes Child- 
ren: becaufe, my Hufband would often fay that he 
would be euen w'*' Mr. Smith if he denied to let him 
haue any Peafe, or to plow his Ground or to do any 
other Thing for him that he defyred: he would often 
fay I would be euen w'" him. 

[45] John Lumbard faith vppon Oath, March 17, 
1650, that one Day the laft fummer he fett a Trowell 
and a ftick, w'^'' he vfed to hould to his Clay when he 
dawbed, on y^ Ground iuft without his Dare: after 
this two Indians came in, and alfo p'ently went away 
againe; then I alfo went out to look for my Trowell: 
and there was my faid Stick but my Trowell was 
gonne: I and my Wife fought for it very narrowly, 
both in that Place and alfo within the Howfe, and 
could not find it: But about two Dayes after, as 
Hugh Parfons was at the Dore of my Howfe I faw 
the faid two Indians, and I called them to alk them 
for my Trowell: faid Hugh Parfons what do you 
want, I faid they haue ftolen my Trowell: faid Hugh 
Parfons look, here it is, and there it was in the very 
Place where I laid it. I did not fee him lay it there, 
but I do really think it came there by Witchcraft. 

Hugh Parfons anfwered, that he cannot remember 
that he laid it there. John Lumbard faith that the 
Reafon why he did not aik him how it came there was 
becaufe he had bin at Hugh Parfons but the Day be- 
fore to borrow a Trowell, to make an end of his 
Daugbing, for that Trowell he had left was Goodman 
Lanktons, Hugh Parfons at this flood dumb and 
anfwered no more. 



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244- Appendix. 

John Mathewes faith vppon Oath, ffeb. 27, 1650, 
that a little before the Tryall w"' y^ Widdow Marlh- 
feild, w'^'' was about May, 1649, being in Talk with 
Mary Parfons about Witches, rtie faid to me that her 
Hufband was a Witch: I afked her how Ihe [46] knew 
it, Ihe faid the Diuill came to him in y' Night, at the 
Bed, and fuckt him one Night and made him cry out 
one Tyme, fhe could not tell what it fhould be elfe 
but the Diuill. She faid alfo that her HuJband was 
often tormented in his Bowells, and cryed out as 
though he were pricked with Pins and Daggers, and I 
know not what elfe it fbould be, vnleffe it were the 
Diuil! that Ihould torment him fo. 

March 3, 1650. Thomas Merick, the Conftable 
faith vppon Oath, that this laft Night, towards Morn- 
ing, Hugh Parfons lyenge by the Fier Side faid to 
him two feuerall Tymes Good[Man?] now come and 
lance my Belly, for I am in lamentable Paine or Tor- 
ment. I faid to him, if you will goe forth to eafe 
y'lfe He take of y" Chaines and let you goe: he faid, 
no, I haue no need that way. 

Hugh Parfons anfwer March 18, that he had a 
Paine in his Belly, but did not fpeak of lancinge it.^ 

Sarah, the Wife of Thomas Merick Hood forth, 
and teftified that al! her Hulband had teftified was 
true. 

[47] April 3", 1651. Thomas Cooper faith vppon 
Oath that being appointed to watch Mary Parfons, 
about raid March laft, among other Things Ihe tould 
me that (he was now hampered for relatinge fo much 
as ftie had don againft her Hulbatid at Mr. Pynchons. 
But, faid fhe, if that dumb Dogg could but haue 
fpoken it would haue bin better w'" me then it is: but 

1 The " lancing it ■" was unquef- ble to give his Teftimony more 
tionably thrown in by the Confta- importance. 



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Appendix, 245 

faid ftie if I might but fpeak w"' him before Mr. 
Pyiichon, Face to Face, I would make that dumb 
Dogg to fpeak. I faid to her why do you fpeak fo of 
y° Hufband; me thinkes, if he were a Witch there 
would feme apparant Signe or Mark of it appere vp- 
pon his Body, for they fay Witches haue Teates 
vppon fome pt or other of their Body, but as far as I 
heere there is not any fuch apparant Thinge vppon his 
Body. She anfwered, it is not alwayes fo: but, faid 
fhe^ why do I fay fo, I haue no Skill in Witchery: 
but, faid 0ie, why may it not be with him as it was 
with me; that Night that I was at Goodman Alhlies: 
the Diuill may come into his Body only like a Wind, 
and fo goe forth againe, for fo the Diuill tould me 
that Night, (for I think I fliould haue bin a Witch 
afore now but that I was afraid to fee the Diuill, left 
he Ihouid fright me.) But the Diuill tould me that 
I ftiould not Feare that, (I will not come in any Appa- 
rition, but only come into thy Body like a Wind, and 
trouble thee a litle While, and p'ntly go forth againe:) 
and fo I confented; and that Night I was with my 
Hufband and Goodwife Mericke and BefTe Sewell, in 
Goodman Stebinges his Lott: and we were fometymes 
like Catts and fometymes in our owne fhape, and we 
were a plodding for fome good Cheere; and they made 
me to go barefoote and mak the Fiers, becaufe I had 
declared fo much at Mr. Pynchons.' 
[48] April 7, 165 1 . J onathan Taylar faith vppon 
Oath, that in y'^ Day that Mary Parfons was firft ex- 
amined, Hugh Parfons carae to me to Merickes Barne, 
' and defvred to afke me a Queftion, and to tell him who 
were his Accufers: I faid I cannot tell; faid he, why 

1 Had not the Brains of Magif- thofe of the Accufed, ihe would 
trate and People been turning have been treated as one entirely 
Soraerfets, nearly as ranch fo as bereft of Reafon. 



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246 Appendix, 

do you fay fo, you can tell, I know you can tell. Was 
it euer known, faM he, that a Man ftiould be accufed 
and not know his Accufers: Tell me who they are, 
for what euer you tell me fhall be as in y" owne Breft. 
I faid I wonder you are fo earneft w"" me to tell you; 
you'will know foone enough; I will not tell you any 
Thinge; but, faid I, I beleeue y" Wife will be y" 
biggeft Accufar: at this Speech he faw his Wife goe 
by to be examined, then faid he, it is like I (hall be ex- 
amined now. 

At Night, when I was ready to goe Home, I aJked 
Goody Meerik for fome Beere; ftie faid go down into 
the Sellar and draw it, fo I did, but could not wringe 
out y'' Tapp w''' all y" Strength I had; then I tooke 
a Peece of an Inch Board and knocked the Tapp on 
each Side to loofen it, and then I tryed to wringe it 
out againe w"'' my Hand, till the Blood ftarted in my 
Hand w* wringinge at it, and yet I could not get it 
out; I came vp and tould Goody Merik, and fhe 
laughed at me, and faid, I am pfuaded I will fetch it 
out with ray litle Finger: I tould her it was impoflible, 
then {he faid light a Candle and go fee: fo I lighted a 
Candle, and Hie and Hugh Parfons went with me, and 
as foone as euer /he touched it, the Tapp came out.' 
I faid to her what, are you a Witch (though I did not 
think fo) but I do verily beleeue it could not haue 
bin fo 'xcept it were bewitched. After we were come 
vp Ihe faid let me, fee y" Hand; then, laid fhe, I con- 
fefle y" Hand is very tender, and ihe faid to Hugh 
Parfons, the Blood ftands in his Hand: but I would 
not haue you think it was by Witchery, for I think 
the lead Child in the Howfe might haue gott it 
out. 



1 There can be no Qucftion in Goody Myrick, but poor Huf 
[his Cafe but lliat the Witch was Parfons was predoomed. 



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247 

Affore I came Home, and when I was a Bedd, there 
was a Light in y" Romej as if it had bin Day-Light: I 
was amazed to fee fuch a Light: I thought it could 
not be Day: I fatt vp in the [49] Bed to fee if it 
were Day or no: and as I looked ouer the Bed I faw 
three Snakes on the Floore, and I was in a Maze to 
fee thera; I ftranged that Snakes ihould be abroad at 
this Tyme of the Yeere: two of them were great 
ones, the other was a litle one, w* blackifh and yellow 
Streaks; and the little one came to y* Bedd Side and 
gott vp vppon y^ Bedd; w"' that I ftrok it downe with 
my Hand; it came vp againe and I ftruck it downe 
againe; then I began to feare that if my Wife fhould 
fee them, being then very neere her Tyme, it would 
half vndoe her w"' Feare: therefore I did not wake 
her, but lay downe againe: and then I thought thus; 
lett God doe what he will: and as foone as I was iaid 
downe, y^ faid Snake ranne vp a 3'' Tyme, and hitt 
me on y" Forehead, w'"" pricked like a Needle; then I 
herd a Voice that faid, Death, and that Voice was like 
Hugh Parfons Voice to my beft App'henfion; and 
now I was a little reuiued in Spirit, and I faid Death: 
that is a Lye, it was neuer knowen that fuch a Snake 
kild a Man: then it was darke againe: and I was 
taken with fuch a ftrange Shakinge, as if euery Limb 
had bin puld in Peeces: then my Wife awaked, and 
Ihe faid Hu{band, what ayle you that you fhake {o, 
are you could; no, faid I, am hot enough, but I am 
very ill, fhe faid Ihall I rife and warm you fome 
Cloathes, I faid no: but this Extremity continued all 
Night as if one Limb had bin rent from an other, and 
in the Morninge ihe arofe, and called in fome neigh- 



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■tx. 

bors:' this was on ffriday Night, and I was held fo 
till Tuefday Morning, as if I had bin rent in Peeces; 
one Fitt began at ray Forehead, where the Snake bitt 
me, and ended at my Knees, and then the next Tyme 
it began at ray Knees and ended at my Forehead, and 
in this Order it continued all y" forefaid Tyme. 

Tuefday being a Day of Humiliation, I faid to my 
Wife, though I be ill, yet I will go thither; I am 
pfwaded I flial! be better, and fo I was; but yet I 
haue bin troubled w* griping Paines euer fince, and 
am not after my former viualT Manner. 
[50] April 7, 1651. Jonathan Tayier faith vppon 
Oath, that two Nights before Mary Parfons was car- 
ried into the Bay, I watched her: fhe fald I haue two 
Things to fay to you: one is I forgiue you the Wrong 
you haue done me: the other is about the three Snakes 
that you faw: they were three Witches f'' flie : I aflced 
who they were; fhe faid one was my Hufband, I 
aflced her who were the others, flie faid I haue pointed 
at thera already: but you will not beleeve me; I am 
counted but as a Dreamer: but when this Dreamer is 
hanged, then remember what I faid to you; y°Towne 
will not be cleere yet: then faid fhe if you had be- 
leeued y^ Voice that fpalce to you, you had dyed: but 
feeinge you fpake to it, and refifted it, it had not 
Power to kill you: for you doe not know how my 
Hulband hath threatned you. 

All fworn in Cort 13, 3. 
[51] fFeb. 25, 1650. Georg Lankton faith on Oath, 
that his Wife made a Pudding in a Bagg, and becaufe 
my Wife had the Child, I took it and put it out of 
the Bagg at Dinner this Day Fortnight (w"'' was the 

1 That one attacked with a raging iiftied hisDream afterwards is pro ba- 

Fever fliould dream of feeing Snakes ■ bly quite as certain as that any fuch 

or Anything elfe, is common Expe- Dreams may be and ufually are 

rience. That this Fellow erabel- cmbellilhed. 



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Appendix. 2 49 

II. of ffeb.) and as it flipt out of the Bagg it fell into 
two Pieces, length wife, and in Apperance it was cutt 
ftrait along as fmooth as if it had bin cutt with a 
Knife. It was cutt ftrait along almoft the whole 
length: it lacked but very little. 

Hannah the Wife of George Lan6ton doth vppon 
Oath concurr with her Hufband in the faid Teftimony, 
Febb 21, 1650, George Landon and Hannah his 
Wife doe ioyntly teftifie vppon Oath, that they had 
another Pudding in the fame Bagg, that was cutt 
lengthwife like vnto y^ former, as fmooth in Appear- 
ance as any could cutt it with a Knife, namely one 
Slice all alonge the Side of the Puddinge wantinge but 
a very Htle^ from End to End. 

Alfo Hannah the Wife of George Lankton faith 
on Oath; a neighbor came in and ftie ftiewed to him 
how the Puddinge was cutt: and that Neighbor tooke 
a Peece of it and threw it into the Fier: and {he faith, 
that about an Hower after, phapps a little more, ftie 
herd one mutter and mumble at the Dore; then fhe 
afked Goody Sewell, who was then at her Howfe (and 
neerer the Dore) who it was; (he faid it was Hugh 
Parfons, and that he afked whether Goodman Lankton 
were at Home or no, I faid no, and fo he went away, 
but left not his Arrand, neather did he euer fince come 
to fignifie his Arrand. 

Hannah Lamfton fworne in Corte 13, 3 m°, 

fFeb. 23, 1650, George Lankton and Hannah his 
Wife joyntly teftifie vppon Oath that they had another 
Pudding in the former Bagg, that was cut lengthwife, 
and as it was flipped out of the Bagg, it fell into three 
Pts: one Peece being cutt all along on the one Side, 
and two [53] Peeces all alonge on the other Side: 
then they fent for fome Neighbors to fee it: Roger 
Pritchard teftified vppon Oath, that he faw the faid 
Pudding and it feemed to him to be cutt all the three 

Gg 



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250 Appendix. 

Peeces as euident and as plaine to him as that w'^'' 
George Lankton cut w'" his Knife. 

Thes Teftimonies were al] taken vppon Oath before 
me William Pyncmon. 

[3] March 12, 18, in, 1650. SamueJl Marfiifelld 
faith, vppon Oath, that when Hugh Parfons came to 
pay the 24 Bufliels of Indian to my Mother for the 
discharge of y° Action of Slander againft Mary Par- 
fons, that he defyred my Mother to abate 20s, but 
my Mother faid {he would not abate, becaufe' flie herd 
that he had faid the Witnefles gaue in a falfe Tefti- 
mony. Hugh Parfons replied, well, if you will not 
it had bin as good you had — it wil! be but as wild 
Fier in y^ Howfe, and as a Moth in y" Garment, and 
it will doe you no Good, He warnt it, and make Ac- 
count it is but lent you: this Corns was paid in Win- 
ter was 12 Months, and the Spring after my Sifter 
Sara was taken with ftrange Fitts, at Tymes, but neuer 
fo bad as when Mr Moxon's Children were taken. 

Sworne in Co'te. 

March 22, 1650. The Widdow Marfhfeld teftifies 
vppon Oath, that when Hugh came to tender the faid 
Corne, he faid, I here that you will abate 20' of the 
Money. I told hira I would not abate any Thing, 
becaufe I herd that his Wife had faid the Witneftes 
had taken a falfe Oath: then faid he, if you will not 
abate, it ftiall be but as lent it ftiall doe you no Good, 
it ftiall be but as Wildfier in y° Howfe, and as a Moth 
in y" Clothes, and thefe threatning Speeches he uttered 
with much Anger: and fliortly after, in the Spring, 
about May, my Daughter began to be taken with her 
Fitts of Witchcraft. 

John Lumbard faith vppon Oath, March 17 and 
22. 1650. that I haue herd Hugh Parfons and his Wife 

1 Thie word is abbreviated bee' throughout the MS. and never fpelt out. 



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Appendix, 251 



alfo fay that the Come w""" they paid to y'^ Widdow 
Marfhfeld for the Slander, would do her no Good, 
and that it had bin better (he had never taken it. I 
haue herd both her and him fay fo feuerall Tymes, and 
I haue often herd him fay, when he hath been dif- 
pleafed w'^ any Body, that he would be euen with them 
for it. 

[4] Hugh Parfons being prefent anfwered not, but at 
laft he aflced, when did I giue fuch threatening Wordes. 
It was told him, when his Corn was paid in. 

Hugh Parfons faid he did not rember that he gaue 
fuch threateing Word: he faid that in iuftice the Corne 
was due to her; but becaufe we app'^hended my Wife 
was falfley accufed. That was the Reafon of my 
Speeches. 

Mary Parfons alfo faid, that when her Hufband 
came Home, he tould her what Speeches he had vfed 
to the Widdow Marihfeild, namely, according to y" 
Teftimonies ftie faid it might wel! be fo, for (he was 
falfely accufed. 

[5] March 18. 1650. Thomas Miller teftifies 
vppon Oath (Hugh Parfons being prefent) that my 
Wife being in one of her Fitts, March 17, 1650, iTie 
faid thus: get thee gon Hugh Parfons, get thee gonn, 
if thow wilt not goe, I will goe to Mr. Pynchon, and 
he /hall haue thee away. 

Miles Morgan, and Prudence his Wife, and Griffin 
Jones, being all p'ent, do teftifie the faid Speech vppon 
their Oathes, 

Then all the aforefaid pfons, and ffrances Pepper do 
teftifie vppon Oath, that it is an vfuall Thinge w"" 
Goody Miliar, in her Fitts, to vfe the Word Sirra and 
thow Witch. 

Prudence Morgan faith vppon Oath, that the 27 of 
March, 1651, Sara Millar was at her Howfe, and then 
betweene her Fitts Jhe faid, look you, there is a Man, 



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252 Appendix. 

at Goodman Coopers Earne, I faid no there is no Man 
there that I can fee, (he faid you might fee him if you 
would. But now he is gone faid fhe: then {he fell into 
a Fitt: and after ihe came to herfelf, (he faid, look 
you, there he is. I faid to her who is it, fhe faid it is 
one in a redd Waftcote and a lynd Capp. It is like 
Hugh Parfons; then faid fhe he points his Finger at 
me; he would haue me come to him: but Hugh Par- 
fons was gone into the Bay the Monday before: but 
he vfed to weare a red Waftcote, and a iynd Capp. 

Samuell Marfhfeild faith vppon Oath, that he came 
into Goody Morgans Howfe the Day aforefaid; and 
as foone as Sara Millar came to herfelfe out of her 
Fitt, (he faid look you, there he is: Goody Morgan 
afked her who it was, fhe faid, one in a red Waftcote 
and a lynd Cappt it is like Hugh Parfons: and faid 
fhe, he pointed his Finger at me, he would haue me 
come to him. [6] I faid to her there is no Body 
there that I can fee; fhe faid yes, there he is, two or 
three times ouer, but there was Nobody there that we 
could difcouer, though fhe did often afKrme it. 

Sworne in Courte. 
[7] March i8 1650. John Stebbinge' teftifies vp- 
pon Oath (Hugh Parfons being p'fent); that as my 
Wife^ was entring into one of her Fitts, fhe looked 
vp the Chimney. I afked her what fhe looked at, and 
obferuing her Ey fixed on Something, afked her againe 
{for fhe did not anfwer at firft) what (he looked on, 
and fhe faid, with a Gelture of ftrange Wonderment, 
O deere ! there hangs Hugh Parfons vppon y' Pole (for 

1 There is an interelHng Memoir for the Genealogy of ihe Stcbbins 

of the Stebbinge Familj', but che Family, Vol. V, Pages 71 and 351. 
Writer had no Knowledge that 

Members pariicipaied in Witch ^ I find on the Springfield Re- 

Tranfadions. ^aM^^ is equally in cords — "3: 14: 1646, John ^/(■i- 

the Dark. See the New England lins and Mary [worn off] were 

Uijlorical and Genealogical Rcgi/ier married. 



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Appendix., 253 

there flood a fmale Pole vppright in y^ Chimy Corner) 
and then fhe gave a Start backward, and faid. Oh! he 
will fall vppon me: and at that Inftant fhe fell downe 
into her Fitt. 

Rowland Stebbing being p'fent, doth alfo teftifie the 
fame vppon Oath. 

William Brooks teftifies vppon Oath, March 18, 
1650, that the fame Day that Hugh Parfons was ap- 
p'hended, and about the fame Tyme of the Day that 
the Coneftable brought him alonge by the Dore of 
Goody Stebbing, fhe was firft taken w* her Fitts, and 
cryed, Ah! Witch! Ah! Witch! iuft as he was paff- 
ing by the Gate. 

[9]' Hugh Parfons at his Examination, March i, 
1650, being aflced whether he thought there was not 
fome Witchcraft in the Diftemper of Mr. Moxons 
Children, faid, I queftion not but there is Witchcraft 
in it: but I wifti the Sadie may be fett vppon the right 
Horfe, being demanded who was the right Horfe, 
and whether he knew of Anybody elfe, he faid 
no, I am cleare for myfelf, neather do I fufpeft any 
other. Being alked whether he had any Grounds to 
fufpefl his Wife, he anfwered no, I do not know that 
euer I had any fuch Thought of her. 

March 22, 1650. Jonathan Taylor^ faith vppon 
Oath, that the fame Day that Mary Parfons went to 
be examined to Mr. Pynchons: Hugh Parfons came 
to me to Mericks Barne, and faid that he had often 
bin afraid that his Wife was a Witch: and her Exa- 
mination was the Day before his. Jonathan Taylor 
alfo faith vppon Oath, that Hugh Parfons tould him 
that he hath fo farr fufpefted his Wife to be a Witch, 

1 Page 8 of the original MS. is Daughter, born i ; 6: 1649, which 

blank. was named Mary. He was doubilefs 

3 There is a Record that Jona- married elfewhere, as no Record of 

than Taylor had by Wife Mary, a his Marriage appears at Springfield. 



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254 Appendix . 

that he would haue ferched her, and fhe relifted for (he 
tould him it was an iraodeft Thinge. 
[lo] March 13, :65o. William Branch' faith vp- 
pon Oath, that he hath often herd Hugh Parfons fay, 
when he is difpleafed w"' Anybody, I do not queftion 
but I fhall be euen with him at one Tyme or other: 
I rember he laid fo of Goodman Bridgman, vppon 
the Diiference that was between them ab' a Tree: and 
I herd hira fay he would fitt Jo Mathewes, fpeaking 
about the Bargaine of Brickes. 

[11] Jonathan Taylor faith vppon Oath, March 21, 
1650. That when I was at the Howfe of Hugh Par- 
fons this Winter, and he tould rae that he had bin at 
Mr. Pynchons to gett as much Whitleather as to 
make a Cappe for a Flayle, and he was willinge. But 
Symon^ would not let him haue any: it had been as 
good faid he, he had, he Ihall get Nothing by it. I 
will be euen w* him. Mary Parfons faid, Hufband 
why do you threaten the fellow fo, it is like he was 
bufy: he anfwered againe, if Goodman Cooly or any 
One elfe that he had liked had come he fliould haue 
had it. But lie rember him. 

Depofed before y" Court 17: J„: 1651. 

Edward Rawson, Secret. 

All the Teftimonies thus far taken vppon Oath be- 
fore me William Pvnchon. 

Maij 20th, 1651.5 The Depofition of Symon Be- 
mon on Oath. This Deponent fayth, that about 

1 The fame probably who was appear. He was a Servant lo Mr. 
made a Freeman, 1648 ; married, Pynchon. 

according to Springfield Records, 

7: 7: 1643, Joanna Farnam, at ^ The two following Teftimonies 

" Winfore," He died 16 Sep- are inferted in the original MS, thus 

teniber, 1683. — Ibid, out of their Order, becaufe there 

happened to be blank Leaves, as it 

2 Simon Beamon, as will prefently would feem . 



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Appendix. 255 

ffebr'' laft, Hugh Parfons came to him, in his Matters 
[Mr. Pynchon's] Name, for a Peice of Whitleather, 
to make a Cap for a Flayle, and that he having his 
Horfes then in the Cart, and going out with them 
into the Woods, told him he could not now ftay to 
giue it him, but another Tyme he would. Now the 
fame day after, he beinge loaden w"" a Peice of Tym- 
ber vnder y' Cart, and cominge Home the Horfes fet 
a runninge fodainly, as if they were Jkared, and yet he 
faw Nothing y' fhould fkare them. And as he held 
back the Thilhorfe to ftay them, he was beaten down 
wth the Cart, and if in his Fall he had not put off the 
Thilhorfe with a Kick of his Foote, the Cart Wheele 
had run over him; it went over Part of his Jackett, 
and clofe to his Body, and one of the Wheels rati 
over a greate Stubb of Pine, 2 Foote and halfe high 
at leaft, and yet y" Cart did not overturne. I thought 
there was fome Mifcheife in it from Hugh Parfons, 
for my Horfes had often gon that Rode, and never did 
y^ like before, nor ever fince. 

Depofed before the Court ly *„ 1651. 

Edw: Rawson, Secret'. 

[123 This Deponent alfoe fayth vpon Oath, that 
about tlie End of laft Sumer, he beinge at the Mill to 
fetch Home Meale, Hugh Parfons being there, defired 
him to carry Home a Bag of Meale for him; but he 
refufinge to do it, Hugh Parfons was offended at his 
Refufall: and when he was gon about fix Rod from 
the Mill, his Horfe beinge a gentle quiet Horfe, he 
fell downe from the Horfe and the Meale vpon him. 
He layd his Meale on the Horfe agayne, got vp and 
was well fetled, and beinge gon about 2 or 3 Rod 
further, he fell downe agayne, and the Meale vpon 
him, and yet the Horfe never ftarted to occafion it. 
He layd vp his Sack agayne, the 3 Tyme, and got vp. 



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256 Appendix . 

and when he was well fetled, and gon a Rod or two 
further, he fell doune agayne, and the fack vpon him, 
and yet y° Horfe ftoode quietly in his Place. And 
the 4th Tyme he laid it vp and carae away.' 

Teftefyed vpon Oath befo. me, Henky Smith,'' 

Depofed before the Courte, 17 Xa, 1651. 

Edward Rawson, Secrety. 

[What is on Pages 11 and 12, is in the Hand- 
writing of Henry Smith, before whom the Depofition 
was given. The two laft Lines are Rawfon's,] 

[13] William Branch faith vppon Oath, March 13, 
1650. That about 1. y. fince when I liued in Towne, 
and when I went to Bed about two Howers w"'in 
Night, and before I was a fieepe, there was a Light all 
ouer the Chamber, like Fier, and there came a Thing 
vppon me like a little Boy, w"^' a Face as red as Fyer, 
and put his Hand vnder my Chin, as I app'hended: 
and I felt fome Thinge like fcaldinge Water on my 
Back, and then I herd a Voice fayinge, it is done, it 
is done; then I waked my Wife and told her of it, 
and I haue been ill euer fince. I haue thought Hugh 
Parfons to be naught and haue bin troubled that he 
hath made fo many [ ] Arrandes to my Howfe for 
feueral Thinges, and yet I could not tell how to denie 
him what he defyred. 

William Branch faith vppon Oath, that at Summer 
was twelve Monthes, I went to the long Meddow, and 

1 If the Fellow told the Truth a Mr. Smith was then in Bofton, 

about falling from his Horfe, he a Member of the General Court. 

was doublleis too drunk to keep on. He was Mr. Pynchon's Son-in-law, 

The feveral Falls mull have fobered having married his Daughter Anne, 

him in fome Degree, He was This Record by Smith was entered 

careful not to tell how long he laid in Mr. Pynchon's MS, out of chro- 

on the Ground before he finally nological Order, becaiife there hap- 

fucceeded in "coming away," penedlobeaBlank fufficiently large. 



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Appendix. 257 

as I was going before Hugh Parfons dore, I was 
taken with a ftrange Stiffneffe in my two Thighes, as 
if two Stakes had bin bound to my two Thighes: fo 
that I was faint to thruft myfelfe forwarde with great 
Difficulty : and this StifFnefTe continued all that Day: 
after this I fel! into fuch a Diftemper as buriiinge 
Heat in the Bottoms of my Feet that I neuer had 
the like before, and this Heat in y' Bottoms of my 
Feete continued neere I2 Monthes er I was well. I 
thought then it was forae Worke of Witch Craft 
(from him) and fo I think to this Day. 

Theis laft two Teftimonies were taken vppon Oath 
before me William Pynchon. 

[14] Blank. 

[15]- 

[16 to 22] Blank. 

[i] Teftimonies about Sara Millar and An Stebbings 
againft Hugh Parfons. Taken vppon Oath before 
me William Pynchon, 

[2] Jonathan Taylor on Oath faith fometime this Win- 
ter, on a Night, a Paire of good Mr. Mathews Pajles 
fell doune wth a Noyfe, and going out prfently to fee 
the Occafion thereof, could not pceaue any Thing; 
but going into his Howfe againe, it being very darke. 
Hugh Parfons was at his Backe, his Hand on his 
Doore aflbone as his was of. he bidding him fitt 
doune which he did. Parfons faying Goodman Collys 
Boy Nothing but beat my Calfe. his Mafter will take 
no Order with him but I will : anon after Goody 
Coolly came and inquired after her Boy whether this 
Deponent had {^^n him he telling her no : fhe replyed 
I fent him to Goodman Mathue a good Whiles fince 

which has been given in a previous 
Page. 

Hh 



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258 

and cannot tell what is become of him, and defired 
him this Deponent to help her loolce him which he 
did in all the Hay Mowes and out Howfes wth hoop- 
ing and hallouing for him but could not find him nor 
heare of him: at laft they gaue ouer looking him, and 
y' Deponent enquired of y' fajd Goody Cooly whether 
Hugh Parfons had not met him and tooke Order wth 
him, as he thretned him for beating his Calfe: and 
after they were parted a While the Boy came Home, 
and his Dame afklng him where *ihe had bin, he fajd 
in a great Cellar and was carried headlong into it, 
Hugh Parfons going before him, and fell down \with 
mee'] there, and afterwards he [^willed] into it.* 

[The above is all In the Hand of Secretary Rawfon, 
and was taken at Bofton after the Cafe was fent here. 
It ends abruptly, and no Ufe was probably made of 
it.] 



No. 2. 

DEPOSITIONS and other Papers conneSied wilh 
the Proceedings againji Mrs. Elizaheib Mor/e of 
Newbury^ under the Charge of Witchcraft. 

Elizabeth Titcomb, aged about fifty,* After y' 
Burning of Apples at Enligne Greenleaf, I was foone 
troubled at my Houfe with a Noyes knocking at y' 
Dore which did awake mee out of a found Sleepe: y' 
firft knocking I lay flill barkening for to hear a Voice, 
and none I heard; I thought Somebody did want my 

^ The Words between thefe * * am unable to make them all out, 
are writien on the ouler Ma^^in of « William Titcomb married 

the Paper and then crafed (bui Elizabeth Stevens, March 3d, 1654. 

wherefore does not appear), and I She was his fecond Wife. 



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Appendix. 259 

help knocking a fecond Time; but I heard no Voyce: 
a third Time I heard knocking; then I went forth, 
and called to my Daughter Lydia: afked her if (hee 
did heare y" Noyes. Shee faid, Yes. Then I opened 
my Chamber Dore, and faide. Who are you? What 
is your bulines? But no Voyce. So I confidered y' 
I had no Call to goe to y'^ Dore, and begg'd of God 
to give mee Reft: but I was much difturbed by the 
vyoulent Motion of a Creature which I did never 
know before nor fince. 

Lydia Titcomb affirmeth the fame about the Noyes. 
The fame Peniel Titcome' affirmes. 

\Ths laft Paragraph is in the Autograph of Mr. John 
Woodbridge, the Commiffioner .'] 

The Depofetion of Jonathan Woodman,* aged 
aboute thirty fiue Yeres, who teftifieth and faith, that, 
aboute feueii Yers agoe, beeing going Home in a darke 
Night from Infine Grenleffe apon the Grene at 
Wolchis3 Seler, I met with a white Thing like a Cat, 
which did playe at my Legs, and I did ofFen cicke at 
it, haueng no Wepon in my Hand; at laft ftrocke it 
with my fut againft the Fenfe nerre Ifrall Webftars 
Houfe, and there it ftopt with a loud cry aftar the 
Manar of a Cat and I fee it no more. I furdar teftifie, 
that William Morfe of Neubury did owne that hee did 
fend for a Docktar for his Wife the fame Night and 

1 Son of William, menlioned in earlieft Mention of the Name which 

the laft Note, hy Joanna Earlier. I have met with. There is no 

He was Z9 Years old. Lydia Til- Name of Wa/p in Coffin's Lift of 

«OT^wa$hiaSifter. HerAgewasi6. the earlj- Inhabitants of Newbury, 

nor has Savage the Name at all. 

a The fixth Child of Mr. Ed- The Name probably exifted there 

ward and Joanna Woodman of till 1 800, at leaft. Michael Walch 

Newbury, born November 8, 1648, there compiled and publifhed the 

m. Hannah Hilton. Mercantile Arithmetic , lirftin iSoi, 

a Work of great Popularity for 

3 Walfli, no doubt, This is the more than a Quarter of a Century. 



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26o Appendix. 

iame Time of Night that I wafe troubled with that 
Cat aboLiefe mentioned, whitch wafe fom Grounds of 
Sefpition, but there wafe Nothing in it, bee cafe bar 
Hort in bar Hed wafe don to or three Dayes before 
theye fent for the Docktar by Somth:ng falling out of 
the Chimly. He fordar fayd that fhee feme to macke 
letell of it tell that Night abouefe mentioned and then 
greue uery bad that hee wafe forft to fend for the 
Docktar. 

Taken on Oath [by Mr. Woodbridge] Jan. 7th, 
1679. 

[To this ridiculous Teftimony Mr. Morfe faid, in 
his Petition of May 14th, 1681; "Jonathan Wood- 
man feeing a Cat, and ftriking at it, and its vanishing 
away; and I fending for Dodor Dole' to fee a Bruife 
my Wife had by the Fall of a Peece [Gun ?] reaching 
downe fome Bacan in our Chimly, which was many 
Days before this Time, as Doi5tor Dole affirms it was 
no green Wound, though [I] neglected to fend for 
faid Dole til! then." 

The moft that can be faid in defence of that Tefti- 
mony is, that Woodman probably ftumbled upon a 
Skunk as he was croffing the Evening Ramble of that 
well known Animal. That an Attack was made on 
him by the Animal, whatever it was, was doubtlefs an 
Embellifiiment of his Imagination.] 

The Teftimony [of] Benniamin Richardfon aged 
a bought twenty on Yeares, teftifieth and faith, that as 
I came in the Morning from Cofon Tuckkers, a 



^ John Dole of Newbury, Son John Dole was the Father- of Dr. 

of Richard, who came to Newbury Bcnjamiti Dole of Hampton, who 

from Briftol, England, in 1 639. married Frances, Daughter of Capt. 

John was boi'n Auguft loth, 1648, Samuel Sherburne of chat Town, 

and hente was but about twenty- Dr. Benjamin died at Hampton, 

four Years of Age in 1672, when May 8th, 1707, and was buried in 

the Cat attacked Woodman. Dr. the old Burying-ground there. 



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Appendix. 261 

bought three Wekes or a Month a goe, by the Cornor 
of good Man Mofles Houfe, I heard the Boy, John 
Stiles, cry out, and faid, the Houfe is a Fire, the 
Houfe is a Fire. Then Goodman Mos fee raee, made 
Sines and winckt to raee to com to fe where I could 
fpy any Thing. Then I went in and went up the 
Stairs, and then be barclct lick a Dog and yould lick 
[a] Cat; and then he grouled, and his Heare flood 
up on End; and than he gumpt out of that Bed and 
went into a nother Bed, and ther was a Bord that 
leand againft the Cheft and flue from the Chefl and 
flruck the Boy; and furdor I fee a fheap a friueled 
Hand to ftrik the Boy.' 

Taken on Oath, Jan. 7: 1679. 

The Tefl:emona of David Wilier [Wheeler]^ aged 
abovt 54 Yeres or therabovt: teftefieth y' I took Notis 
of feeverraU Paffagys: as forft of her akhenP"' y' fhe 
woold vftialiy be diging and crobbing y^ Ground with 
y" Eand of a Staff wich I never took Notis of anny 
Parfon y' ackted in y" lieak Manner: forther, y" fayed 
David Willir heaving a Heeffer abovt 3 or 4 Yeer 
ovld, y' came Home ovt of y^ Woods on Day, was 
chawed vppon y° Back abovt y" Breath of a Hand; 
and abovt a Fortneatt after was chaw on' y' other Siead 
by y' abovt as mech moor; and ye fayed Heffer grew 
ill and wold fvmtims go into y° Riveer fo deep, vntill 
y' Watter tovch her Noos, and llie ftvd ther vntiil 
fvm of ovr Fammelee weer forfed to vaed to facht her 
ovt to fave her from dronding: and y" fame Heffer 
y' is above menfliened, beeing miffing we covld nott 
fiend her fvm confeederabell Tieme: after wards wee 

1 This Benjainin Richardfon was ^ David Wheeler was born in 

Son of William by his Wife Elisa- SaJiilmiy, England, 1625; went 

belh Wireman, wlioiii he married from Hampton to Newbury, 1645; 

23 Auguft, 1654. He was born married Sarah Wife, 11 May, 

13 March, 1657. See Coffin. 1650. — Coffin. 



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202 



Appendix. 



fovnd her in a ovt Hovfe y' had no other Paflege anny 
other Way bvt a fmall Gap we had cvtt for fmali 
Caves : and J was verely perfwaded that the Heifer was 
bewitched, and Goodwife Morfe was the Occajion of it. 
Taken on Oath, Jan. -jth, 1679. 

\^rhe Addition in Italics is in the Hand 0/ Mr. TFood- 
bridge.'\ 

The Depofition of Johua Richardfon,' aged a 
bought thirty Years: teftifiech and faith, that a bought 
fiue Years a goe, then I had three Sheep to driue to 
Hamton; and when I came doune the Street I thought 
it beft to cech my Sheep at good Man Morfles Barne, 
becafe it was neare my Canue that was to carry them 
our the riuer; and good Man Mors Cow Houfe Dore 
ftood open next the Hie Way, and I loock in and I 
faw Nothing there: fo I droue my Sheep into the 
Cowhoufe, and as I was a ceching the Sheep, Gooddi 
Morfe came out, and was mighty with mee: and faid 
I had better afke Leaue, and I went away with my 
Sheap: and when I came to Hamton, abought to 
Ours after, the Sheep weare ail fick, and did fome at 
the Mouths, and one of them died prefently; and 
they aikt mee where I cecht the Sheep? and I tould 
them in Mors Cow Hous; and they faid they did 
beleue they wer bewicht, and fo do I to. 

Taken on Oath, Jan. ']th, i6-j^. 

[7h the Autograph of the 'Deponent. The lafl Line by 
Woodbridge^ 

[To the Teftimony of Joihua Richardfon, Mr. 
Morfe replies (in his Petition before mentioned), as 
to his "ioofing a Shepe, and his taking it forth off 
our Yeard, and my Wife ihould fay you might have 
alked Leave, and whether overdriving it or what, now 
to bring it in 1 hope will be conlidered." 

1 A Jothua Richardfon of New- January, 1679. Shedied 7 March, 
bury married Marji Parlier, 31 1685. — Coffin. 



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Appendix. 263 



That Richardfon caufed the death of his Sheep by 
overdriving them on a hot Day, might have been a 
common-fenfe Explanation, if Witchcraft had not 
taken the Place of common Senfe in the bewildered 
Brains of the People.] 

The Teftemony of Caleb Moody,' aged 42 Yearfe, 
teftphieth and fayeth, that I having lived nere to 
Elizabeth Mors about twenty Years, I haue loft 
feurall Catell in a ufiall \^fic\ maner. About 16 
Years a goe I had fume difrans with the feyd Mofe; 
the next Morning one of my beft Hogs lay deed in the 
Yrd, and no natrial Cafe, that I know of: at another 
Time the fayd Elifebeth Mors came to me leat of a 
Satrdye Nite and defird me to goe to Mr, Wodbg his 
Store to fe after her Hulbnd, I tould her I did not 
aprhd any Denger of hime. The next Morning I 
fent my eldeft Sone to the Houfe to iiiquier whether 
her Hufbnd was come Home, The Lad came home 
and tould me that he was come Home, and that fhe 
the fayed Elizabeth Morfe tould hime that I had ben 
as good I had gone to loke after her Hufband, That 
uery Morning, as I was afterwards informed by John 
Ordwaye,^ that as he was driuing out the Flock of 
Shep, that he then cept, one of my Sheepe laye done 
and dyed. At another Time I had a Cowe wafe 
fudenly tacken in a uery ftronge Maner, and tumied 
ovr Logs that layd in the Yord, and ftrived to turne 
reerd upon her Heade, and fo continued a while, and 

1 He was fon of WiUiam Moody, a The Father of this John Ord- 
who came from Ipfwich old Eng- way, named James, came from 
land, to Newbury, in 1635. See Wales it is faid, but at what Time 
Founders of New England, 70. he arrived in New England is not 
His fecond Wife was Judith Brad- known. John married Mary God- 
bury, whom he married g Nov,, frey, December 5th, 1681, and had 
1665. Hedied 25 ADguft, 1698, a large Family of Children.— 
aged 61. On the Lift of Paffi;n- Coffin. The Name may originally 
gers his Name ftands Moudy. have been Hardmay. 



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264 Appendix. 

rofe vp agayne, and went awaye. After this I fawe 
the fame Cowe coming doune the Hill by Wm. 
Morfes Houfe, and I fawe the feyed Elizabeth Morfe 
ftand without the Doare, and my Cowe fall in to the 
like flrange Condifion, as ftie did before, and tumbled 
into a Giiter or Guly that was worne with the Runlng 
of the Water: after (he recoured and went awaye 
Home. At another Time, of a Sabath Daye Morn- 
ing, one of my Cous, great with Calfe, was turnd in to 
the Stale with her Head under her, ftone dead; in 
fuch a Maner that I could not thinke it pofable for a 
Cow to pute herfelf in to fuch a Place, but conclud the 
Diuell by fume Inftrement did it; and feurall that faw 
it did faye they were of the fame Minde, or Wrds to 
that Porpofe. At an other Time, about thre or four 
Yers a goe, in the Sumer Time, I had a fouryeareold 
Hefer that was brout out of the Woods with a Calf 
about thre Weeks old, and I [put] theme into my 
Paftir, neere to the fayed Morfes Houfe, and let her 
goe there 2 or 3 Dayes with her Calf, to ufer to the 
Plaefe. Then I went to teacke awaye the Calf to kill 
it, the Heifer femed to tacke no Notis of the Calf 
when I fetchd it a waye, whitch maed me to maruill, 
■ ceafe fhe was uery fond of her Calf; after the Calf was 
kild I went to fe what wafe the Mater with the Heifer, 
and file was leyed doune in a fhedy Plafe among 
Thorne Bufhes, and would nether eat nor chew her 
Coad for fevrall Dayfe; and as I was trying to get er 
Hed vp I faw the feyed Elifbeth Mors within about 
5 or 6 Rods of; fo I drove the Heifer a waye, but 
fhe would not feed; after words I went agyne to fee 
what would become of her, and flie wafe layd doune 
agayne in the fame Plafe and I loked vp and faw the 
fayed Elizabeth Morfe nere the fame Plafe wher I had 
fene her before, and this I did, to the bell of my 
Memery three or four Times; the Heifer lay ner the 



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Appendix. 265 

fame Plafe, and the fayed Elizabeth Mors was with in 
Sight. I do not rememer that I did fe her come or 
goe a waye, but faw her at onfe whitch did meack me 
uery mutch fufpei5t {he had bewitched my Heifer; 
farther I do teftiphie that about a Munth or fiue 
Weeks a goe, W'". Foning boroued my Meore to goe 
to Mill and being in my Pafter neere to the feyd 
Morfes Houfe, after Sonefeat, I herd W", Foning 
[Faning] at the feyed Mofes Barne talking with him 
about John Stiles, and I herd the fayd Foning threten 
to breack his Bonfe. The next Morning John Hall 
came over to my Houfe and tould me that W™. Fon- 
ing had cald at his Houfe before Daye and tould him 
that he was muth frlted with a Cat in Capt. Peerfes 
Paftur. 

Taken on Oath Jan. -jth, 1679. \_By Mr. Wood- 
bridge^ 

[In the Handwriting of the Deponent.] 

[To the Jhocking Nonfenfe of Caleb Moody, 
brought up after a Lapfe of fome ten Years, Mr. Morfe 
makes the following mild Reply (in the before-men- 
tioned Petition): "As to what befel him in and 
about his not feeing my Wife: that his Cow making no 
Hafte to hir Calfe, which wee are ignorant of, it being 
fo long (ince; and [he] being in Church Communion 
with us, (hould have fpoken of it like a Chriftian and 
y" proceeded fo as wee might have given an Anfwer in 
lefs Time y" tenn Yeares. Wee are ignorant y' he had 
a Shepe fo dyed. And his Wife, known to be a Pre- 
tious Godly Woman, yt hath oftne fpoken to hir Huf- 
band not to be fo uncharitable, and have and doe carry 
it like a Chriftian with a due Refpedt in her Carrtdge 
towards my Wife all along,"] 

The Teftemony of W". Faning, aged about 36 
Yeers, teftiphieth and fayeth, that about a Month or five 
Weeks agoe, Huing neere to Wiliam Morfes, in the 

li 



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266 Appendix. 

Euning, quickly after Sone feat, I faw John Stiles 
ftandiiig by Mr. Denifons Couehous and I aiked him 
what was the beft News att their Houfe, and he tould 
mee that there was feuerall Hundreds of Diuels in 
the Eyer," and they would be att their Houfe by and 
by, and they would be att my Hous a non: and that 
very Night ey [I] went to Sargent Moodeys Hous, 
which is my Neighbor, and borrowed his Mare to go 
to Mill; and I went to Mill with two Bufhels of 
Corn and got it ground; and when I came back 
againe, in John Hals Pafture, the Mare began to 
ftarteli and fnort, and rared vp on End, fo that I could 
not gett her forward; and I ioocked downe vpon the 
Mars Head I fpied a great whit Cat without a Tayl 
vpon my Breft and (he had fall: hold of my Neckcloth 
and Coat. I haueing a good Stick in my Hand, I 
ftroock her off. And againe the Cat was a coming 
up vpon my left Side, I toock my Stick in my left 
Hand and ftroock her down againe; then I alighted, 
and as foon as I alighted the Catt came between my 
Legs, fo that I could not well go forward; and watch- 
ing my Opportunity I ftroock her a uery great Blow 
up againft a Tree, and after that I ftroock her another 
Blow which made her lay for dead, and I went pre- 
fently to John Hals Houfe, and he was abed. I caled 
to him and defiered him that he would go to futch a 
Tree and there I thought he would find a dead Catt, 
and I went ftraight way Home and told my Wife, and 
tould her what I had met with all. 

Taken on Oath Jan. -jth, 1679. \_By Mr. Wood- 
bridge^ 

\^he above, as far as the Mention of "Mr. Denijon 
Couehoufe," is in the Hand of Caleb MoodyT^ 

1 Perhaps now ejre ; if fo, the the Devils were on their wsy. But 
Meaning of the Word is plain, viz : poffibly he meant in the air. 



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267 

[Morfe's Anfwer to Fanning's Teftimony could not 
have been very fatisfaiilory to himfelf. It feems to 
have been diftated with as little Senfe as the Tefti- 
mony. It is thus reported in the Petition: "To 
William Fanning Ihould fay my Boy faid the Devill 
was at his Howie, Upon Fannings faying to the 
Boy y" Devill was at their Howfe, and he would have 
me chid y'' Boy, which I tould faid Fanning y' Boy 
might be inftrufted to know y" Devill was every where, 
though not at our Howfe, and ftiould not in Time of 
Afflid:ion upbraid him to our Griefe." 

Perhaps Whilkey may not have been in Ufe in thofe 
Days, but Something quite as eleflrifying no doubt 
had affeded the Imagination of Fanning. He had a 
Wife and feveral Children. His Wife was Elizabeth 
Allen, whom he married 24th of March, 1668.] 

John Mighell,' aged about 44 Yeares, teftifieth, that 
about ten Years fince, I wente to William Mofles 
Houfe to worke, by the order of Jonathan Mofe, the 
Sone of William Mors. I went to hew Shlngell, and 
at Night when I was going Home Gooddi Mors did 
ueri much urge me to ftay all Night, and help hir 
Sone the next Day; in fomutch that I was glad to 
aney Scufe; that I had tied a young Mare up in the 
Houfe and muft go Home to water hir. Then ihe 
faid, be fure to cume a gaine to Morow, So I went 
Home; but came thair no more, and Ihe fent to me 
fauarall Times to cum to Work, and at the lafl thaire 
was Word came to me, that (he was ueri angeri with 
me, and fuddenly, after thair was a great AUteration 
in ray Catteli; thair was one of my Coues that had a 
Calfe a bout a Fortnit ould, and at Night he was wet 

1 He ia not mentioned by Coffin Brother of Samuel, who married 

among the early Inhabitants of Elizabeth, Daughter of Abraham 

Newbury. He may have been a Tappan of Newbury, The Name 

Son of Thomas of Rowley, and is often found fpelt Mihil. 



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268 Appendix. 

when I put him up, and in the IVIorning I went to 
fetch him out to fuck, and the Haire and Skin was 
gone of his Back; and it was reed like a Burne, and 
would neuer heale but grue wors and worfe. At the 
Laft his Eyes came out of his Head, and then I thout 
it was Time to cnok him on the Head; and another 
of my Coues got a littei PuITi with an other Beaft, 
and the Dung rane out of hir Side; and a nother of 
my Coues ftud in the Medell of the Yard, when I 
went to ti them up anight, and ftie courd not go of 
the Place wheare flie ftud, but I wafe glad to let hir 
ftand in the Middel of the Yard all Night, and my 
Mare was dround, and thus my Creatures were, that 
I had fcarfe ani Creature tha[t] was well; and Gooddl 
Mors being anggeri with me, and haueing bene talk 
of for a Wich, I was afeard that ihe had fum Hand in 
this. 

"Taken on Oath, Jan. jth. 1679, [ky Mr. Wood- 
bridge.'] 

[To this Story of John Mighill, Mr. Morfe fays 
(in his Petition): "About y' Lofs of his Catle, was 
y' he came one Day to Worke and [I] would have had 
him come another Day to finifli it, becaufe y" Raine 
came in fo upon us, and his not coming, [he] judges 
my Wife was angry and yrfore had fuch Lofs, which 
wee neuer knew of This being twelve Yeares agoe 
did amaze us now to here of it.'j 

The Depolition of Robert Earle,' aged 45 Yeeres, 
or thereabouts, fayth that on Twefday Night laft, 
about to of the Cloke at Night goeing into the 
Camber where Elizabeth Morfe was ftiut in, finding 
her fetting vpright in her Bed, (he fayed to me that 

1 He was the Officer having died in 1698, if Savage is right, at 
Mn. Morfe in Chaise. At Bofton the Age of 64. There is extant a 
he was Jailor, or Prifonkeeper. He Genealogy of the Earl Familj'. 



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Appendix. 269 

fhe was very glad that I was come in, for ihe was in 
great Troable, and that Ihe thought Ihe fhould dye for 
it now, for they were goeing to find out another Way 
for Bkfphemye. And I went neere her Bedfide, and 
I heard a ftrainge Kind of Noyfe, which was like a 
Wheelpe fucking of the Dam, or, Kettins fucking, 
which made me to thinke whether any of the Catts 
had layd any of there Kittins vpon the Syde of the 
Bed, or wheather it might be fome ftrainge Kind of 
Hiffing within her. Further, I teftifye, that Yeftsr- 
day, when I went to fech her to y' Court, ihe fayd that 
now they fay abroad I Ihall dye. I aiking of her why 
ftie fayd foe, and whoe it was that fayd foe, ftie fayd, 
my Huftiand, and I haue beene talking to geither of 
it. And ihe fayed that I did know what they did fay, 
if I would fpeake, and fuch as I that doe know fuch 
Things fpoke of abroad. Then I remembering there 
was fome did aik me what I thought would be don 
with her. I fayd I did not know but y' fhe might 
dye for it, which made me have the more Sufpition of 
her calling to mind w' I had fayd abroad. 

Ke further adds y' on Wednefday Night laft going 
into the Roome where y' f'' Elifabeth Morfe was alike 
fetting vp as before f, heard the like Noyes tho not 
fo loud and y' was neere about the fame Time of 
Night. 

\^he laft Paragraph by Raw/on. The other in a Hand 
much like that of Addtngton^ 

To Jofeph Pyke Conflable of Newbery. 

In his Maj''^'" Name you are requered to feaze on 
the Perfon of Eiizabeth Morfe, the Wife of Willjam 
Morfe, and hir forthwith fafely convey and deliuer hir 
to the Keeper of the Prifon at Ipfwich, by him fafely 
to be kept til! the Court of Aifillants on its Adjourn- 



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ayo 



Appendix. 



ment to the 20th of May next who will give further 
Order: ihe being prefented and left by the Grand Jury 
for Tryall, as to Witchcraft: and hereof you are not 
to faile. Dated in Bofton: from the 6th of March, 
1679. 

By the Court Edward Rawson, Secrety.. 
. . . fent one W'' of this Tenor 
vnd'ftand came not, 

[The above all in Secretary Rawfon's Hand. Part 
of the Minute in the Margin torn off. The follow- 
ing Indorfement is on the Back of the above: — ] 

This Warrant receiued in Bofton Aprill i"", 1680, 
and the Perfon within fpeflefied was delJuered to the 
Prifon Kepar in Ipfwich Aperill 2": i68o. 

P' me Joseph Pike' 
Conftable of ISfewbery, 

To the Conftable of Newery, Jofeph Pyke. 

In his Majefties Name you are requered, feafonably 
to fumon, and alike Require, Caleb Moody, William 



I He was, according to Coffin, 
Grandfoii of John Pike, who came 
to Newbury in 1635, and on Sept. 
4th, l6gi, was killed by tlie In- 
dians at Haverhill. Th \&. 
guidied Maj. Robert Pike f S ] T 
bury was Son of that John. C ffi 
has very culpably neglefted 11 

us what Pike was the Ae ft f 
Nicholas Pike of Newbury h 
compiled the moft extenfiv Am 
can Arithmetick ever publ fh d 
this Country, rivalling Mai Im ( h 
Scotch Author) himfelf; ft 
Oftavo, dedicated to th H n 



James Bowdoin. It went through 
feveral Editions, under ihe Hands of 
difterent Editors, but there is no 
Edition fo good as the Jirft. Jo- 
1 ph h C ftable, married Su- 
1 li. gsb y, 29 Jan., 1662, 

d K h r Children had Jo- 

ed Hannah Smith, 
her Children, had 
March ift, 1703. 
h Parents of the great 
who died in 1819, 
6 H was a Graduate of 
d C 11 g , I y66, with feveral 
f w ds diftinguiihed. 



f ph 



Th f 



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271 

Chandler,' John Gladlng,^ James Brounej Joanna 
Broune, Benjamin Richardfon, Wm. Card,3 Jofeph 
Bayly, Zackery Dauis, Jonathan Hajnes, John Mihil, 
Jofhua Richardfon, Sufanna Gooduin, John Chafe, 
John Ordeway, William Fanning, Jonathan Wood- 
man, Benjamin Lowle,'^ Elilabeth Titcomb, Peniel 
Tytcome, Lyddia Tytcom, Dauid Wheeler, Wm. 
Morfe w"' John Styles, to make their and euery of 
their feuerall Appearances before the Court of Af- 
fiftants on their Adjournment on the twentyeth Day 
of this Inftant, May, at eight of the Cloclce in the 
Morning, in Bofton; then and there to give in their 
Euidence againft Elifabeth Morfe, Wife to W". 
Morfe; ihe being then to be on hir Trjall for Witch- 
craft, hauing ben prefented and indicted by the lafl: 
Grand Jury in March laft at the Court of Afliftants: 
making your Returne to the Secretary at or before 
that Time, w'^'out Fayle, at yo' Perrill. Dated in 
Bofton the 4th Day of Inftant, May, 1680. 

By the Court Edward Rawson Se3y. 

\_All in the Hand of the Secretary.'] 

Theas are to certefie the honored Court of Affift- 
ants fitting in Bofton on ad journment, Maye 20"' 
1680: that Calleb Moody, Wm. Chandlar, Jno. 
Gladin, James Browne, Hanah Browne, Beniamin 

1 Probably the Emigrant, he died the Inhabitants of Newbury, and 

March 5th, 1701,111 his S;th Year. Savage knows no more. Francis 

He was thrice married, and the Card the Indian Captive may have 

Father of many Children. -—See been of the fame Family. 
Coffin. 

■I The Name was changed to 

3 John Gladding married Eliza- Lm'eil. The Brothers John and 

beth Rogers, July 17th, 1666. Richard Lowle came from Briftol, 



3 Not found in Coffin's Lift of 



England, and fettled in Newbury, 



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272 Appendix. 

Richardfon, Will. Card, Jofeph Bayle, Zacharlah 
Dauis, Jonathan Haynes, }n°. Mighell, Jofliua Rich- 
ardfon, Sufana Goodwin, John Chafe, An Ordway, 
Will Fanning, Johnathan Woodman, Beniamen Lowle, 
Elifabeth Titcomb, Penuell Titcomb, Liddea Tit- 
comb, Daued Wheelar, Wm. Morfe with Jn^ Stiles, 
wear all fufnoned to appear att y' P' honoured Court 
of Affiftants on y' ao''' of Inftant, May, att eight of 
the Clock in y' Morning, according to this Warrant, 
dat: 17'^ May, 1680. Byrne 

of Newbery. Joseph Pike, Conftable. 

For y^ Secretary. 

\^he above Return is on the Back of the Secretary's 
W^arranlJ\ 

To the Conftable of Charleftoune. 

In hiy Maj"''^ Name you are hereby requered to 
aflemble the Freemen of yo^ Toune together, and fig- 
nify to them that they are alike required to choofe and 
fend two able and difcreet Perfons to ferve on a Jury 
of Trjall at the Court of Affiftants in Bofton on ad- 
journment 20th Inftant at eight of the Clocke in the 
Morning of a capitall Offendo', making yo' Returne 
hereof to the Secretary at or before the Time; hereof 
not to faile. Dated in Bofton 13 of fajd May, 1660. 
By the Court Edward Rawson, Secret. 

[/ill in the Secretary's Hand.~\ 

[Endorfement.] 

At a legall meeting of Fremen of Charleftown, ther 
is chofen Mr, Nathan Heyman, and Mr. John Knite 
to ferue on the Jury acording to Warent: P' 

by me'' Joseph Ryall' Conftabel. 

1 Savage has confounded the Ry- think. If it ilid that way after the 
alli wiih the Ro^ds. The Name Time of Jofipi Rya/l. it is no Ex- 
of this Fgmilj' was never Royal we eufe for making a Royalift cf him. 



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Appendix, 273 

To the Conftable of Bofton : — 

In his Maj''''es Name yow are required forthwith to 
affemble the Freemen of your Touiie together and fig- 
nify to them that they are hereby alike required to 
choofe and fend fiue able and defcreet Perfons to the. 
Court of AlTiftants on their Adjournment on the 20"" 
of this Inftant May, at eight of the Clock in the 
Morning to ferue on a Jury for the Trjall of a capital 
Offender : making y' Returne to the Secretary at or 
before that Time. Dated in Bofton the 13"' Inftant, 
May, 1680. Hereof not to faile. 

By the Court. Edward Rawson, Secrety. 

[Endor/ed.'] 

Bofton this 18"' of May, 1680. Then ware the 
free Men of this Town affembled, in obedians to 
yowr Warrant, and did accordingly chufe Mr. Rich- 
ard Middlecott, Mr. Jeremiah Cufliin, Mr. John Wait, 
Leftenant Richard Waye, and Mr. Thomas Harrod, 
for to ferue as Jurimen. Thay are alfo warned for to 
attend y" Servis upon the 20th of May at eight of y' 
Clock in y" Morning. 

By me Bozoun Allen, 

Conjiable of Bofton. 

To the Conftable of Watertoune. 

In his Maj"''es Name you are required to aflemble 
the Freemen of y" Toune together and fignify to them 
that they are alike required to chufe and fend two able 
and difcreete Perfons to Bofton on the 20"' of this 
Inftant May, at eight of the Clock in the Morning 
to ferue on a Jury of Trial! at the Court of Affiftants 
on their Adjornraent of a capitall Offender; making 
y' Returne hereof to the. Secretary at or before that 
Time; hereof yow are not to faile. Dated in Bofton, 
13"" of fajd May, 1680. 

By y° Court. Edward Rawson, Secrety. 
Kk 



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274- Appendix. 

\_Endorfement, or Return.'] 

The Freemen haue chofen John Stone and Rechard 
Child to farue upon the leury of Trials. 

By me. John Mose, Conftabk. 

17 : 3 : 1680. 

To the Conftable of Cambridge. 

In his Maj'^es Name yow are hereby required forth- 
with to afferable the Freemen of yo' Toune together 
and fignifie to them that they are alike required to 
choofe and fend two able and defcreet Perfons to 
Bofton, then and there, on the 20"" Inftant, May, at 
eight of the Clocke in the Morning to ferve on a Jury 
at the Trjall of a capitall Offender : making your 
Returne to the Secretary at or before that Time : 
hereof yow are not to fade. Dated in Bofton, the 
13"' of faid May, 1680. 

By the Court. Edward Rawson, Secret. 

[Tbe Return tbereon.'] 

Bro. John Green of Cambridge, and Richard Rob- 
ins are chofen to ferue one the Jury of Trialls, ac- 
cording to the Warrant. 

By the Cunftabell, Jonas Clarke. 

One May the 20, 1680. 

To the Conftable of Dorchefter. 

In his Majties Name you are required forthwith to 
aflemble the Freemen of faid Toune together and fig- 
nify to them that they are alike required to choofe and 
fend two able and difcreete Perfons to ferue on a Jury 
of Trialls in Bofton at the Court of Afliftants on their 
Adjournment, 20 Inftant at eight of the Clocke in 
the Morning for the Triall of a capital Offendor: 
making yo' Returne to the Secretary at or before that 



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Appendix. 275 

Time: heereof yow are not to faile. Dated in Boftoii, 
13th fajd May, 1680. 

By the Court, Edward Rawson, Secrety. 

\The Return: — ] 

Dor Chefter, 17: 3; 80. The free Men of the 
Tovne wear a fembled, and mad Choys of Jacob 
Hven and John Capen for this Cort for the Jvri of 
Trial. 

As a teft James Foster, Conji, 

The Teftimony of Efther Willfon' aged about 28. 

That fhe living with her Mother, Goodwife Chand- 
ler when fhe was ill, ihe would often cry out and com- 
plaine that G. Morfe was a Witch, and had bewitched 
her, and euery Time ihe came to fee her Ihe was the 
Worfe for her. Though too meete were often for- 
bidden, yett thay would not refraine coming. One 
coming to the Houfe aflced why we did not nayle a 
Horfefhoe on the Threftiold, (for that was an Experi- 
ment to try Witches.) My Mother the next Morn- 
ing, with her Staffe made a Shift to gett to the Doore, 
and nayled on a Horfeiliooe, as well as fhe could. G. 
Morfe, while the Horfefhoe was on, would neuer be 

I Coffin finds no Willfons at waa probably conoboiatiie ot the 

Newbury at [his Time. Eftlicr other Morle fa)s " 'is for Wil 

probably belonged Co a neigiiboring liam Chandler's Teftimony aboute 

Town. It is inferred that Wm. his WifeN long iicknefs and my 

Chandler's firft Wife was Mary Wifes vifitine; hir, fhe through hir 

Wilfon or Willfon, who died, ac- Weaknefs afted uncivillu and y' 

cording to Coffin, in 1 666, Hence now to bring it -igamft my Wjf , 

Efther's Depofidon relates to an when, for fo man^ "Veiros being Jc 

Affair of at leall fourteen Years' f ill Comm nion with us [&] never 

Standing. Morfe (in his Petition) dealt with us aboute any fuch Thing, 

refers to a Teftimony given by but had as loving Converfe with 

Wm, Chandler, but does not men- him as Chriftians ought, and knew 

tion this of Efther Willfon. One no olhenvife till now." 



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276 Appendix. 

perfwaded to come- into the Houfe; and though fhe 
were perfwaded by the Deponent, and Daniel Rolfe, 
to goe in, (he would not; and being demanded the 
Reafon (he would not tell me now, and fayd it was not 
her Mind to come in ; but flie would kneele downe 
by the Doore and talke and difcourfe, but not goe in, 
though (he would come often Times in a Day, yett 
that was her pradlife. W". Moody coming to the the 
Houfe, and vnderftanding that there was a Horfe(hoe 
nailed on the Doore, fayd a Piece of Witchery, and 
knockt it off and iayd it by. Very (hortly after, the 
fame Day G. Morfe came in, and thruft into the 
Palovr where ray Mother lay before (he was vp; and 
my Mother complained of her, and I earneilly defired 
her that (he would be gon, and I could very hardly 
with my Importunity intreat her to do it. The 
Horfefhooe was off about a Weeke and fhe would 
very often come in that Time. About a Weeke after, 
my Mother, to keep her out of the Houfe, gott 
Daniel Rolfe to naile on the Shooe againe, w'^'' con- 
tinued fo about 7 or 8 Dayes, and at that Time (he 
would not come ouer the Threfhold to come in, 
though often importuned to do It. Then W". Moody 
coming againe, tooke o(f the Horfefhooe, and putt it 
in his Pockett, and carryed it away: then the fayd 
Goodwife Mor(e came as before, and would goe in as 
before. In a fhort Time after, I being at Home on a 
Sabbath Day, alone with my Mother, I had bin dre(r- 
ing her Head, and fhe cryed out on a Sudden, G. 
Mor(e, G. Morfe is coming into the Houfe. I fayd 
I could not fee her, my Mother fayd I fee her, there 
fhe is. Then I run to the Doore twice, but I could 
not fee her; but my Mother cryed out, that wicked 
Woman would kill her, be the Death of her, (he could 
not beare it, and fell into a grieuous Fitt, and I tooke 
her and carryed her in and Iayd her on a Bed: and 



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Appendix. 277 

hauing fo done I went out to fee if any Body were 
coming from Meeting, and ther (though I faw her not 
before) (he rufhed in, and went into the Parlour to 
my Mother, and I ftepping out and feeing my Father 
coming lift vp my Hand to him to come and he made 
great Haft, and I called in feme of the Neighbours, 
and fo my Mother continued a confiderable Time be- 
fore (he recouered. In this Fitt, my Mather's Mouth 
was drawne awry, and Jhe foamed at Mouth, and I 
wiped it of, but I was very much frighted to fee her 
fo till the Neighbours came in. This is all that at 
prefent (he remembreth. 

Taken on Oath, May 17th, 1680, before me 

Jo: WooDBRiDGE, Commiff''. 

Read in Court, ao May, 1680. E, Rawfon, Seer. 

\All the above in the Hand of Mr, Woodhridge^ ex- 
cepting the laft Line.2 

The Teftimony of Elizabeth Titicomb, aged about 
JO Years, 

That (hee being lately with Sufanna Tappin, aged 
about 74 Years, the f"" Tappin related to her, that when 
Elizabeth Mors was in Examination for "Witchcraft, 
and She being fummoned gaue in her Teftimony 
among others. When (he went away (he fayd Eliza- 
beth Morfe came after her and tooke her about the 
Wrift, as if (be would enquire what was the Euidence 
(he gaue in ag' her-, who anfwered Nothing but what 
you fpake your felfe. The fayd Topan went Home, 
and in the Night fhe felt a cold Damp Hand clafping 
her about her Wrift, w'"" affrighted her very much, and 
putt her into a very great and dropping Sweat: and 
from that Time (he continued ill, and an itching 
and pricking rofe vpon her Body, w'^'' afterwards came 
to fuch a dry Scurfe, that (he could fcrape it off as it 



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278 

were Scales from anAllewife; and that Side w"'' ftie 
was touched in was moft out of Frame; and ilie is 
fmitten in the lower Parts of her Body after the fame 
Manner that flie had teftifyed agt the fayd Morfe what 
fhe heard her fpeake: and from that Time fhe hath 
continued very ill, but little from her Bed, and hath 
not bin able to goe abroad euer fince to the publike 
Meeting, Who alfo fayth that the very Night when 
Ihe being defined to goe and enquire of the fayd 
Topan, what her Euidence was, flie had a Beaft 
fl:rangely hanged in a harrow and dead. 

Taken on Oath, May 14th, 1680. 

Jo: Woo DB RIDGE, Commtfr. 

Sworn in Court the 20th May, 1680. E. R. Se^ 

\_/4ll in Woodbridges Hand except the laft Line.l 

Elizabeth Titcomb, formerly ferioufly telling G. 
Morfe of the Report that went of her as touching her 
Name for Witchcraft, and endeauouring to convince 
her of the Wickedneffe for it, ihe feemed to be much 
affected with it, and fell on weeping, and fayd flie was 
as innocent as herfelfe, or the Child now unborn, or 
as God in Heaven. 

Sworn, E. R., S. 

Lydia Titcomb, aged about 17 Yeares, teftifyeth, 
that fhe heard the Difcourfe betweene her Mother and 
the fayd G. Morfe, and the Words w''' her Mother 
hath exprefled; and alfo, that a little While after ihe 
and her Brother and Sifter, going home from the Pond 
where they fetcht water, there flew fomewhat out of 
the Bufties, in her opinion like an Owle, and it came 
vp prefently to her, and was turned into the Shape of 
a Catt; and quickly after turned into the Shape of a 
Dog : fometimes would be all black, then haue a white 



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279 

Ring about ihe Neck: fometimes would haue long 
Eares, fometiraes fcarce any to be difcerned; fonie- 
times a very long Taile, fometimes a very ftiort one, 
fcarce difcernable, and in fuch Manner it followed vs 
fome Time, as if it would leap vpon our Backs, and 
frighted vs very much, and accompanyed vs till they 
came neere the Houfe: and the lafl: Time we faw it 
we left it playing about a Tree, and we went in and 
left it. 

Taken on Oath, May 14th, 1680, before me 

Jo: WooDBRiDGE, Commiff'. 

Sworn in Court, 20 May, 1680. E. R., S. 

Sufan Topan' being examined about theTeftimony 
of Elizabeth Titcomb, before written, teftifyeth, that, 
for the Subftance, it is true; onely, there is a Mif- 
take that G. Morfe tooke her by the Wrift, not at 
that Time, when fhe came Home from that Meeting, 
when the fayd Morfe was examined, but on a Sabbath 
Day after, when ftie came from the publike Meeting, 
w''' fhe might eafily miftake her: and fhe fayth that 
the fayd Morfe came very haftily after her, as if fhe 
runne. And (he cannot diredly tell the Night when 
the cold Hand clafped her Wrift, but it was not the 
Night that (he came Home from the Examination. 
In euery Thing elfe the Relation is exa(5lly true. 

Taken on Oath, May 17th, 1680, before me 

Jo: WooDBRiDcE, Cm'. 

\_All in Mr. Woodbridge s Hand, except the Lines 
figned E. R., S.'] 

1 Probably Daughter of the firft Abraham Toppan. — Co^». 



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28o Appendix. 

Thomas Nolton' fayth that when he brought down 
the Prifoner, Elizabeth Morfe, from Ipfwich, fhe faid 
fhe was accufed about Witchcraft, fhe faid ftie was as 
cleare of the Accufatioii as God in Heaven. 

Sworn in Court pr Thomas Nolton, May 20, 1680. 
Edw" RawsoKj Secry. 

\jiU in Raw/on' s Hand.'] 

Thomas Knolten further teftifys, that as I brought 
Goody Mofle downe, Jhe owned to me, that fhe ftroakt 
Goodwife Ordway Child over the Head, when it was 
fick, and the Child dyed. 

Sworn in Court, 20th May, 1680. 

E. Rawson, Seer. 

[^The Worlds, "and the Child dyed," in (he above 
appear to have been partially obliterated by the PafT- 
age of the Finger on it before the Ink was dry,] 

John Chafe. And as an Addition to my former 
Teflimony, I teflify and fay, that y' very Day, to the 
befl of my Knowledge, yt Kaleb Powell came to take 
my Teftimony againll Goodwife Mofle yt I was taken 
with y' bloody Flux, and foe it held mee till I came to 
y" Court and charged her with itt, yt at y' very Infl:ant 
of Time itt left me, and I have not been troubled 
with it fince, and that my Wife has been forely 
troubled with fore Breafl:s, that fhe have lofl them 
both, and one of them rotted away from her. 

Sworn to in Court, aoth May, 1680. 

Edw. Rawson, Sect". 

1 This Surname is now more ihe Documents with his Name in 

commonlj- written Kmwltun. Tliis liiem, it is not certain whether he 

Man was Jailor at Ipfwich, and died fpelt his Name beginning with an N 

there (according to Savage) April or K. We find one of the fame 

jdj 1692. As he did not write Name at Fort Mailachufettsjn 1746. 



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Appendix. 281 

[What the "former Teftimony" of John Chafe 
was does not appear, as it is not amongft our Witch 
Papers. But in Morfe's Petition of May 14th, 1681, 
he thus anfwers or explains that Teftimony; as "to 
John Chafe faying y' he faw my Wife in the Night 
coming in at a little Hole, and y' Like, when he him- 
felfe hath faid he did not know but he was in a drearae, 
and y' unto feveral Perfons he hath fo faid, though 
now as he teftifies, when my Wife difowns any fuch 
Thing."] 

The Teftimony of Mrs. Jane Sewall,' aged about 
54 Yeares, Who fayth that fome Yeares fince Wm. 
Morfe being at my Houfe, began of his owne Accord 
to fay that his Wife was accounted a Witch, but he 
did wonder that (he fhould be both a healing and a 
deftroying Witch, and gaue this Inftance. Thomas 
Wells, his Wife being come to the Time of her De- 
livery, was not willing (by the Motion of his Sifter in 
whofe Houfe ihe was) to fend for Goodwife Morfe, 
though ftie were the next Neighbour, and continued a 
long Seafon in ftrong Labour and could not be de- 
livered; but when they faw the Woman in fuch a Con- 
dition, and without any hopefull Appearance of De- 
livery, determined to fend for the fayd G. Morfe, and 
fo Tho. Wells went to her and defired her to come; 
who, at firft, made a Difficulty of it, as being unwill- 
ing, not being fent for fooner. Tho. Wells fayd he 
would have come fooner, but [his Wife's] Sifter would 
not let him; fo at laft ftie went, and quickly after her 
coming the Woman was delivered. This, as ftie re- 
membreth, was the Subftance [of the] Difcourfe, 
though ftie doth not remember his very Words: and 
fhe fuppofeth, [that] Thomas Wells and his Wife 

1 Mrs. Sewall was Daughter of Stephen Dummer of Newbury, 

LI 



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282 Appendix. 

living both at Boftoii can giue more full Teftimony 
concerning this Thing. 

Taken on Oath, May i8th, 1680. Before me, 

Jo: WooDBRiDGE, Comfr. 
Read in Court, 20 May, 1680. 

E. Rawson, Secrety. 

Elizabeth Titcombe faith as to yt Pt of this Tefti- 
mony relating to y' fending for Elizabeth Morfe, (he 
was prefent, and was one of thofe fecond fending for, 
and faw Goody Morfe when fhe came there, and fee a 
prefent fpeedy deliuery of the Woman. 

Sworn in Court 20"' May, 1680. 

E. Rawson, Secy. 

\In Woodbridge s Hand, excepting the Parts Jigned 
hy Rawfon.'\ 

[Oh the Back of the ahove Original is this Endorje- 
ment: "This for the honoured Gouernour."] 

The Teftimony of Jno. March," aged 22 Years. 
Teftifieth tha bout 6 Ytars fince I lived with Jno. 
Weils, he working then at Bofton, and with him 

1 John was a Son of Hugh March is called Colonel in all the Hiftories. 

the Emigrant,and born acNewboty, He was often upon Expeditions 

June 10th, 1658. He was after- againft the Indians ; had a Coro- 

wards known as Major March, His mand in Sir William Phipf's dif- 

Wife was Jemima True, whom he aftrous Canada Invafion, but the 

married March i, 1679, Hugh Time of his Death is not found, 

emigrated in 1638, at the Age of He was living in 1707, as on the 

zo, as given in the Lift of PaiTen- 18th of May of that Year he failed 

gers in the Ship Confidence of with a large Armament of 23 Tranf- 

London. See Founders of Nezii ports and 1000 Men to reduce Port 



Coffin (///>?. iVw- Royal. The Attempt was a failure. 
iury, 309) does not raife John Penhmkio, Belknap, and Book of 
above the Rank of Major, but he the Indians. 



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Appendix. 283 

there, Hee fent me Home to Newbury about fome 
Bufines, and when I came Home the Wife of Jno. 
Wels tolde mee that fhee did not queftion but that 
as I fhould fee Something in the Chamber at Night 
and at Night I went to Bed and Daniell Greenleafe 
with mee; and after wee had beene at Bed a little 
While, and wee hearde agreat Noife in the Chamber. 
I looked up and faw feuerall Cats and Rats at Play 
together in the Chamber, running one after another; 
the Rats after the Cats, and I was very much amazed 
at it; and a little while after I flung feueral Things at 
them but could not ftrik them. The next Morning, 
before wee came out of the Chamber I heard Goody 
Mors and my Dame Wells a talking together without 
the Dore feuerall Words they had which was uery 
loude and 1 hearde my Darae Wels call Goody Mors 
Wich, and feuerall fuch Words, which I could not tell 
the Meaning of, before I came downe, and I came 
down my Dame Wels came in againe. She alked me 
if I faw fuch Things as are before expreflH. I alked 
her why ftiee afked meef flie told mee that Goody 
Mors told her that I had feene Cats and Rats that 
Night. Then Goody Wels told me that ftiee afked 
her how fhe knew it? She told her that (hee heard 
fo, ' though neither I nor Daniel Greenleaf who 
only knew it, had not bin out of the Chamber to tell 
Anybody of it, nor feene any Body but onely ouer- 
heard them talking. 

The fayd Goodwife Wells hath profefled before me 
feverall Times, that often going to G. Morfe her 
Houfe to fetch Water, ftiee hath feene fome fraall 
Creatures, like Mice or Ratts run into the Houfe 
after her, and runn under her Coats, 

Taken on Oath, May 12'^ 1680, 

' From this Point Co ihe End of of WoodbrJdge, The previous Part 
the Depofition, is in the Autograph is in a Hand not recognized. 



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284 Appendix. 

This laft, Daniel Thurfton, and Rich. Woollworth 
haue heard the fayd Goodwife Wells affirme, as they 
teftify. 

Sworn in Court May 20"' 1680 for John March. 

The Teftimony of John March is thus fummarily 
difpatched; — "He heard John Wells his Wife fay 
flie faw Imp o' God into faid Morfs Howfe. She be- 
ing profecuted would not owne it, and was adjudged 
to pay Damages, and now this is brought in." 

The Depofisfhon of James Browne/ aged about 32 
Years, teftyfyeth. yt about 15 Years agoe, I goein 
from my Fathers to Mr, Woodmansof an Arent, met 
with Goody Mofe and Gorge Whelere was under 
faille; Goody Mofe afckt me what uefals it was? I 
layd Gorge Whellors. She replyed he goes out 
brafely; but Words to this Effedb, that he Ihoud not 
returne, for a Trick, ftie knewe: farder teftyfyeth that 
I was one Night at Salfbery, and the next Day was at 
Goody Mofes. She tould me of feferal of my mift- 
demeners; among the Reft of what I did the Nyght 
before, and I afckt her how ftie coulld tell of urn? ftie 
faide eferey Body fed it was true, I replyed to her 
efery Body fes you arr a Wich: ftie faid to me again, 
our Safor Chrift was be lyed and foe is you and I. 
John Myrch teftyfyeth that he heard Goody Moft 
owne before Mr. Woudbidg that ftie met with James 
Broune when Gorge Whellr was gone out, Johna- 
than Haines teftyphyeth y' he heard Goody Mofe 
owne yt fhe did reproue James Browne for his Mefde- 
meners. T' Addition of James Broune a\ ' '^' 



1 Coffin does not rell us what married Hannah , His Pa- 
James Browne this was, though he rentage is about as eafi!)' traced as 
has feveral among his Newbury that of Jiibis Smith. See Savage's 
Lift. He is probably the one who JV. E. Gen. Diet., Article Smith. 



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Appendix. 285 

Heynes 'with former Oaths was by ym Jworne vnio in 
Court, 1Q May, 1680. 

E. Rawson, Secy. 

[The Part of the above in italic 'Type is in the Hand 
of Secretary Rawfon. "The previous Part is in a moft 
difficult Chirography^ and apparently by one of rare Igno- 
rance of all Notions of Compojition. Probably in the Au- 
tograph of the Deponent^ 

[More Importance feems to have been given to this 
Teftimony than to any of the other, judging from the 
Length of the Reply to it in the Petition; — "To 
James Browne, y' one Day George Wheeler going 
forth, my Wife fhould fay for a Trifle flie knew he 
Jhould not come in againe, which my Wife knowes not 
of it, nor doth fome of y" Owners ever remember fuch 
a Thing as to judge or charge it on hir, but now, but 
now is brought forth fixteen Yeares after when his 
Wife faid to Goody Hale yt faid Browne was miftaken. 
Hir Hufband did come Home well that Voyage; and 
that James Browne fhould fay to Robert Bedell, yt 
Powell, whom we fued, did put in thefe Words, and 
not himfelf in the Teftimony, and y' faid Browne did 
oune to his Unkle, Mr. Nicholas Noyes yt he could 
not fware to fuch a Teftimony; and did refufe to doe 
it before Mr, John Woodbridge, and Mr. Wood- 
bridge did admire he had fworn to it. And for his 
feeing my Wife araongfl: Troopers, What Condition 
he might be in wee leave it to Confideration. Wee 
are Ignorant of fuch a Thing till now brought in fo 
many Yeares agoe as he faith."] 



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286 Appendix. 

The Teftimony of Dauid Wheeler' of Newberry, 
aged fifty fiue Yeares or there abouts, teftifieth and 
faith, that haueinge liued next Neighbour to Elizabeth 
Mofs the Wife of W". Mofs of Newberry aforef*'. 
He tooke Nottice of many ftrange Adtions of her y' 
faid Eliz : Mofs, more then euer hee fawe in any other 
Woman ; Part whereof I haue giuen in my Euedence 
vnder Oath before Mr. Woodbridge, coiicerneing an 
Heifer whereunto I would farther add that all the Reft 
of y' Breed of Cattle haue gennerally mifcarrjed by 
ftrange Accedents euer fince, till this prefent Time w"'' 
is the Space of fifteene Yeares or thereabouts; as alfoe, 
that v° f'' Eliz : Mofs defired mee one Time to doe a 
fmale Peece of Worke for her, w"'' I neglefted to doe 
foe foone as ftiee defired ; and I goeinge many Dayes 
on fowleinge, att y' Time, alwayes as to y' Gennerality, 
came Home w"' loft Labour, w'" my Neighbour 
Moody tooke Notice of as well as my felfe, and hee 
told mee I would gett noe Geefe vntill I had finifhed 
her Worke, w'*" accordingly I fpeedily did ; and after- 
wards I had Succefs as I vfed to haue formerly. 
Moreouer, feuerall other Accedents haue befallen mee 
w'^'' I belieue yt fliee, the faid Mofs, through the Ma- 
lice and Enuy of her Heart againft mee might bee y° 
Author of by Witchcraft, and farther faith not. 

This Addition to his former Oath fworn to in Court 
21 May, 1680. 

E. Rawson, Sec. 

\In the Hand of Ifaac Addlngton, or onejimtlar, except 
the laji Paragraph^ which is in Raw/on's Hand.'] 

1 This Teftimony of David bury in 1645. He married Sarah 

Wheeler is not noticed by JVIorfe. Wife, May 11th, 1650, by whom 

According to CofEn, he was born he had feveral Children, whofe 

in Sali/bury, England, in 1625, Names and Dates of Birth may be 

came to Hampton, thence to New- found in the Hi^. of Neciiiury, 321. 



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Appendix. 287 

The Depolicon of Margett Mirack, aged about 56. 
This Deponent teftifieth y' about a Letter y' came 
from Pufcattaq'', by Mr. Tho : Wiggens. Wee gott 
Mr. Wiggens to reade y° Letter, and he went his Way; 
and I p'raifed to conceale y'' Letter after it was read to 
my Hufband and myfelfe, and wee both did conceale 
it; neverthelefs, in few Daijes after Goode Mofs mett 
mee and clapt mee on y" Back, and fed, I comend you 
for fending fuch an Anfwerr to j' Letter. I p'fently 
a{kt her w' Letter ? Why, f* fhee, hadfl: not thee fuch 
a Letter from fuch a Man at fuch a Time, and fent 
fuch and fuch an Anfwerr at fuch a Time? I came 
Home p'fently and examined my Hufband about it. 
My Hufband (^ p'fently, What? Is fbee a Witch, or 
a cunning Wooman ? Wherevppon we examined our 
Family, and they f'' they knew Nothing of y" Letter. 
Afterwds I mett w"' Goode Mofs and afkt her how 
fhee came to know it? and defired her to tell mee any 
one pfon y' tould her, and I fhould be fatisfied. Shee 
afkt mee why I was foe inquifitiue, and told mee fbee 
could not tell. My Hufband teftifieth that I p'fently 
tould him y'' fame. 

Sworne to in Court, 21 May, 1680. 

Edw. Rawson, Sec. 

["To Goodwife Miricke about a Letter. My 
Wife telling her fomewhat of y^ Letter, which ihe 
judges could not be and my Wife hearing of it, there 
was a Difcourfe, &c. aboute this love Letter, might 
fpeake Something about it by Guefs, and not by any 
fuch Way as ihe judged, and many haue fpoken, 
gefTmg at Things which might be." Morje's Petiiion 

James Ordwaijes Bill of Cofl, from Munday Morn- 
ing to Thurfday Night; my Wife being fumond by y' 



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288 Appendix. 

honnored Court to Bofton, and not being able of 
Body to goe nor ride of herfelfe, I was bound to af- 
fift my Wife and bring her to y' Court, which hath 
bin verry chargeable to mee ; befides my Time to 
carry her Home againe ; therfore I leaue it to y' 
Judgement of y" honnored Court to giue mee w' they 
fee good. 

And my Wife, Attendance one day att Newbury 
before Mr. Woodbridge, and refeued Nothing but u 
at Mr. Turners for my felf and my Wife.' 



Benia Lowles* Bill of Coft. 2 Days coming, and 
on Days Atendans of y'' Cart. i Days going Horn, 



' jamcs Ordway's Wife's Teili- 
mony is only lo be inferred from 
Morfe's Petiuon: — " Hir Child 
being long ill, my Wife coming in 
and looking on it, pitting of it, did 
feare it would dy ; and when il 
dyed Ifrael Webiler, our next 
Neighbour heard not a Word of it, 
nor fpoken of by others, nor any 
of y* Family but hir Conceile, and 
now brought in." 

A fimilar Cafe was that of 
" Widow Goodwin," who having 
a ficit Child "gave forth y' it was 
bewitched by my Wife, as fhe 
thought : wee hearing of it, dealt 
with hir about it, and Ihe brake 
forth in Teares, craving Forgiv- 
nefs, and faid it was others put hir 
upon it, to fay as flie did, but now 
urged by Powell to fay as (he now 
faith," — Morje's Petition. 

^ The Lowles of Newbury were 
the Anceftors of the Lowells of 
Bofton. The Name was written 
LoiuU for feveral Generations after 



the Emigration, and appears to 
have been the original Spelling. 
Benjamin was Son of John Lowle 
who came to Newbury in 1639, 
with his Brother Richard, He 
married Ruth, Daughter of the lirft 
Edward Woodman of Newbury, 
Oa., 1666. HisTeftimonyagainft 
Mrs, Morfe has not been prelerved, 
but from the Notice talten of it by 
Morfe it was doubtlefs as childiJh as 
any of the Reft. Mr, Morfe re- 
marks:- — -"To Benjamin Lowle 
about my Boy's Qohn Stiles] ketch- 
ing a Pidgin ; my Boy defired of 
me to fee to lietch a Pidgin by 
throwing a Stone, or j* like, and he 
brought a Pidgin, which I affirm 
was wounded, though alive." All 
we can gather from this is, that the 
young Rafcal Stiles fuccels fully 
played off" one of his Tricks upon 
Lowle, in which a Pigeon was con- 
cerned, and which went to fwell 
the Lilt of fupernatural perform- 
ances of Mrs. Morfe, See ante. 
Pages 141-2, 261. 



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Appendix. 



on Day at Neuberey : and two and Threpens charg 
coming down. My Expences coming down. At Mr. 
Perkins fix Pens : and at Capt. Martialls,' fix Pence: 
and 2 Shilines 8 Pens of Mr. Turner. 



William Fannings Bill of Coft. 
For Attendance at Newbury before M'. 

Woodbridge £o — 2— 



1 His ^ven Name faid Co be 
Thomas. Long a noted Ordinary 
or Tavern Keeper. Whatever 
may liave been liis g^ven Name, he 
was, according to the Account given 
of him by John Dunlon, an OiEcet 
in the Parliamentary Army in the 
Time of Charles I, and Cromwell. 
Dunton may have exaggerated 
fomewhat in his Notice of the Cap- 
tain, a Failing from which he was 
not entirely free. But with a large 
Allowance for John's Propeniity in 
that Direftion, enough is left to 
warrant the Belief of the main 
Fafls of his Statement, which I 
excraft entire from his famous Life 
and Errors ,- 

"This Captain Marlhal is a 
hearty old Gentleman, formerly one 
of Oliver's Souldiers, upon which 
he very much values Hmfelf; He 
keeps an Inn upon the Road be- 
tween B oft on and Marblehead ; 
His Houfe was well furniihed, and 
we had very good Accommodation. 
I inquired of the Captain what 
memorable Adlions he had been in 
under Oliver, andlfoundlcouldnot 
have pleafed him better ; he was 
not long in refolvlng me of the Civil 
War at his Flnger^s Ends ; and if 
we may believe him, Oliver did 

Mm 



hardly Anything that was confider- 
able without his Afiiftance ; for his 
good Service at the fatal Battel of 
Nafeby (which gave fuch a Turn 
to the King's Affairs, that he could 
never after come to a pitched Bat- 
tel,) he was made a Captain ; from 
thence he went to Leicefter, and 
befieged that, then went to York, 
and afterwards to Marfton-Moor ; 
and in fliorl, rambled fo far in his 
Difcourfe, that if I would have 
ftayed as long as he would have 
talked, he would have quite fpoiled 
my Ramble to Plymouth ; and 
therefore the Captain was forced to 
leave a great Part of his noble Ex- 
ploits unrelated." 

Some of our Cotemporaries, per- 
haps to appear wifcr than others, 
fuggeft that Cape. Marfhall may 
have invented a Tale to amufe his 
Guefts, The Suggeftion appears to 
us very weak. Had Dunton been 
an American, born in New Eng- 
land, the Doubt might have fome 
Weight ; whereas Dunton was more 
than an ordinary intelligent Englifli- 
inan juft from the Theatre of the 
Civil War, who would at once 
have detefted any Attempt at an 
Abufe of that Sort. His Inn was 
probably in the Town of Reading. 



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290 Appendix. 

For two Daijes coming £0 — 4 — o 

Attending at y° Court one Day .... o — 2 — o 
For two Daies going Home o — 4 — o 



James BrownesExpenfes for himfelf and his Wife: — 
For hiring a Horfe to bring downe his Wife £0 — 5 — o 
Expenfes at Rowley, my felfe, my Wife and 

my Horfe o — i — o 

Expences at Wennham, rayfelfe, my Wife 

and Horfe o — o — 6 

At Capt. Marflialls o — i — o 

My Ferridge at Wemifett o — o — 6 

P''uiflion and Lodging fince we came to 

Bofton o — 2 — o 

Ferridge backe againe and Horfe Meate 3 

Nights o — 2 — o 

My felfe and my Wife fumoned at New- 
bury o — 3 — o 

For Attendance vppon y" Service in toe 
Dayes comin, 2 t)ayes Attendin in y Carte 

toe Dayes gain Horn i — 4 — o 

This is for comin from Nubery to wittnes a 
ginfi Goody Moje. 

£1-19 — o 

[The part in italic Type is in the Hand of the Witnejs^ 

\_EndorJe {by RawJon)'\ Bills of Cofts for and againft 
Elis. Morfe. Keep' of Ipfwich Bill, Dauis, Fanning, 
Knowlton and their Expenfe, 

Dauid Whellors Bill of Coft. On Days Atendans 
at Neuburey, and two Dayes coming down, and two 



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Appendix . 291 

Days goeing Horn, and on Days Atendans hear at 
Bofton : I Spent on the Contreys Acoumpt, at Mr. 
Tumors,' fix Pens. 



The Bill of Cofl: for Zacaryah Dauis. 
For two Days attending before Mr. John 

Woodbridg £0 — 1 — ■(> 

For two Days coming down o — 4 — o 

For one Days Atendane att Bofton . . . o — 1 — o 
For two Dayes going Home o — 4 — o 



For John Chafe Bill of Coft. 
Two Dayes before Mr. John Woodbridge £0 — 2 — 6 

For two Dayes coming down o — 4 — o 

For one Dayes atending att Bofton . . o — a — o 
For two Dayes going Home o — 4 — o 



W"'. Chandlers Bil! of Coft. 

In p'mis : for Attendance at Newbury be- 
fore Mr, John Woodbridge two Daijes £0 — 1 — 6 

For two Daijes coming, a Day Attendance 

at Bofton o — 6 — o 

For two Daijes going Whome .... o — 4 — o 
I haue p'' moft of my Expences by y' Way, in Mony 

out of my Pockett: I am aged, and came on Foot, 

w""" is verry hard for my aged Body to beare, therfore 

i hope this honnored Court will confider me for my 

Paines and hard Trauell. 

I " Turners " was a popular Inn John Turner (Father and Son) and 

at thac Time, and was known as by Geoz^e Monck. Itwasinwhai 

the Blue Anchor Tavern. Within is now Waftiington Street, and on 

a Space of a few Years previous to what is now Number 92, or on ihe 

1681 it was kept by Robert and Lot next foutherly of ii. 



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2g2 Appendix. 

, Jofeph Bayles Bill of Coft.' 

In p'mis. 2 Daijes before Mr, Woodbridge £o — i — 6 

For two Daijes coming, i Day attending, 

and 2 Daijes going Home o-io — o 

For my Expences coming, and att Bofton, 

Mony, o — 6 — o 

Which I hope y^ honnored Court will confider of 

that I may haue thee Mony againe w'^'' I haue layd 

out of my owne Pockett. 

Bofton, i68o. This is to certify that by Order of 
o' Hon'd Gouernour vtito Andrew Neale for the En- 
tertainm' and Dyet of fix of us that dwel at Nubury, 
as Teftimonys agft Elizabeth Mofs, (be being ap'- 
hended vpon Sulpicion of Witch Craft, and being 
upon the Countryes Account, the faid Andrew Neale 
hath entertayned us with Dyet and Lodging, from the 
19th of May to the 21ft Day: our Names being 

John Glading, 

William Fanin, 

John Chafe, 

Zachary Davis, 

Benjamin Richardfon and 

William Card. 
Each of us 6 Meals, is 36 Meales, and our Lodg- 
ing, and amounts to twenty Shillings as Money. 

\_Endorfed by Sec". Rawfon,'] — "Andrew Neales Ac- 
count. A Warrant." 

I Whatever BaylePs Teltimony Jofeph fettled in Arundel, Maine, 

was, it does not appear to have about 1700; being driven thence 

been preferred, and Morfe does not in 1703 hy the Indians, returned 

notice it. According to Coffinihis there in I7t4. In Oflober, 1723, 

Jofeph Bailey was Grandfon of the he was killed by them, being then 

Emigrant John Bailey, who came 7; Years old. He had a large 

from Chippenham, in Wikihire, Family of Children, a Record of 

England, to New England in 1635. which is given by Coffin. 



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Appendix. 293 

We only know what John Glading fwore to by the 
Anfwer of Mr. Morfe in his Petition: — "To John 
Glading y^ faw Haife of my "Wife, about two a Clocke 
in the Daye Time; if fo, might [not he] then have 
fpoken, and not referved for fo long a Time; which 
rfie utterly denies it, nor know of any fuch Thing, 
where Jhe fiiould be at y' Time as to clere her felf." 
Although a Dweller at Nubury, and mentioned by 
Coffin among the Witneffes, his Name is not found 
in the Lift of the Inhabitants by that Author. 

Zachary Davif's Teftimony is given in Coffin's 
Newbury. It amounts to this. When faid Davis 
lived at Saliftury, he promifed from Time to Time 
to bring "a fmall Paflell of Winges" to Mrs. Morfe. 
He came over three or four Times without bringing 
the Wings, through Forgetfulnefs; and was yet re- 
minded of his Promife by Mrs. Morle every Time. 
"Soe ftie tel me flie wonder my Memory fhould be 
foe bad; but when I came Home I went to the Barne, 
and there was three Cafes in a Pen. One of them fell 
a danceing and roreing, and was in fuch a Condition 
as I neuer faw on Cafe in before. But [it] being 
aimoft Night the Cattle came Home and we put him 
to his Dam and he fucke and was well three or four 
Dayes. On of them was my Brothers. Then [he] 
came over to Nubery, but we did not think to fend 
the Winges. When he came Home I went to the 
Barne, this Cafe fel a danceing and roreing. So wee 
put him to the Cowe, but he would not fucke, but 
rane a roreing away, foe wee gate him againe with 
much Adoe, and put him into the Barne; and we 
heard him roer feuerail Times in the Night; and in 
the Morning I went to the Barne, and there he was 
feting upon his Taile like a Doge, and I neuer fee wo 
Cafe fet after that Manner before ; and fo he remained 
in thefe Fits while he died." 



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294 

Morfe's Explanation is quite fatisfactory and to the 
Point; — "To Zachariah Davis. To cenfure my Wife 
now for not bringing Quiils about i6 Years agoe; y' his 
Lofs of Calfes was for that, when his Father being in 
Communion with us, did profefs it to us, yt, he 
judged it a Hand of God, and was farr from blaming 
us, but rather troubled [that] his Sonn Ihould fo 
judge." 



Beniamanrichifin Bill of Coft. 
For Attendance at Neubry, before M'. 

Woodbridge, £o — 2 — 6 

For too Dayes coming o — 4 — o 

Attending at y" Court one Day .... o — 1 — o 
For two Dales goin Home o — 4 — o 



Caleb Moodys Bill of Coft for atending at 
Nubery, my felf and Mrs. Gordinge, 2 

Dayfe before Mr, Wodbridge, . . . £0 — 3 — o 

For Hofs Hier in Monye o — 5 — o 

Expenfes at Rowly for Mrs. Gording 

My felf and Horfe o — i — o 

At Wenhome o — o — 6 

At Capt. Morlhels o — o — 6 

Ferige at Winafimet o — o — 6 

For Expenfes at Boftone 3 Nits .... o — 3 — o 
For Time coming dovne, atending and go- 
ing Home, 5 Dayfe i — o — o 

For ray Hors at Winefemet o — I — 6 

For Expenfes to carye ufe Whorae . . . o — 2 — o 

£0-1 7 — o 



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295 

The Bill of Cofl; of Peniwell Titcumbs Euedens' 
againft Elizebeth Morfe. 
For atending at Nubery before Mr. Wod- 

bridge, i Daye £o — i — 6 

For 1 Dayfe coming doune o — 4 — o 

For I Daye tending the Cort o — 2 — o 

For 2 Days to goe Home o — 4 — o 

Refeued of the Contrys Acovnt 
At Quarter Matter Perkenfes . £0 — o — 6 
At Capt. Marflials .... o — o — 6 
Expenfes at Mr. Loretis? . . . o — 1 — 8 



The Bill of Coil of John Mortch, Witnefs againft 

Elizebth Morfe: — 

On Daye at Nubery befor Mr. Wod- 

bredge £0 — i — 6 

For fiue Dayfe coming doune and atend- 
ing one to goe Home o— 10 — o 

21" j"" 1680. 



The Bill of John Glading. 
A Day for atending before Mr. Wood- 
bridge £0— 

For to Days couming downe o— 

A Day at Bofton o- 

To Days to goe Whom o— 



Joftiua Richardfon Bill of Coft. 
For Attendance at Home before M'. Jno. 

Woodbridge to Dayes £0 — 2 — 6 

1 As no feparate Evidence is Doubt for that of his Mother and 
found of Penuel Titcomb, it was no Sifter chat thefe Charges were made. 



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296 Appendix, 

For 1 Daijes coming, a Day attending y" 

Court, and a Daijes going o-io — o 

For Expences vppon y' Rode and my 

Ferridge o — 2-10 

All that I Jpent on y' County s a Count as I cam dounivos 
fix Pens, at quar M' Firkins. At Capt. MaJJhalsfix Pens. 

\_The part in Italics in the Hand of the Witnejs, 
probably. '\ 

William Card BiJ] of Coft. 
For Attendance at Nebury, before M'. 

Woodbridge £0 — 1 — 6 

For two Dayes comming — 4 — o 

Attending at y" Court one Day .... o — 1 — o 
For two Daies goin Home o — 4 — o 

[No Intimation of what William Card's Teftimony 
was is found.] 

Thus is concluded all the Documents concerning 
the Trial of Mrs. Elizabeth Morfe in the Editor's 
Poffeffion ; -fhowing the Origin of the lamentable 
Affair from its Commencement to the Bills of Cofts 
of the WitnefTes, To charafterize the Proceedings, 
further than has been done in the Progrefs of printing 
the Documents occafioned by them, would be a fuper- 
fluous Labor, and they are therefore fubraltted with- 
out further Remark. 

FINIS. 



Errata. — Page 6;, Note, make i66i, 1651. 
for Godwin, read Godman. 



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INDEX. 



a this Index. To 



mouth, 106. 
Addifon, Jofeph, xxviii. 
Addingtan, Ifaac, 148, 286. 
Age of Reafon, alas for the, xlvij 
Albany, Witchcraft in, 208. 
Allen, Bouzoun, Conftable, 273. 
Andover, Witchcraft in, 87, 1 1 



!06. 



a Warfare between 
id Superllition, xviii ; 



Antagon 
Reafc 

Apparitions, xxiv, x]ii,_i3z. 
Aquendero, Indian Chief, zo8. 
Aflicom, Charles, 172. 
AfliJey, Mary, 234, 239, 242; 

Robert, !i. 
AfliwQod, John, Captain, 89. 
Arheifts, Unbelievers in Witchcraft, 

Atherton, Humphrey, 98. 
Atwater, Mrs,, 89, 90, 95 ; Mr. 
David, 92. 

DACK-BAy, Bofton Churches 

Bacon, Francis, beHeved in Witch- 
craft, xxviii. 
Bacon, Leonard, Difcourfes of. 



iailey, Jofeph, ; 
292. 



; Family of. 



Baldwi 

Ballard, Jofeph, 206. 

Banks, John, an early Lawyer, 78. 

Bard of Lynn (Lewis) xliii-vi. 

Barlow, Goodwife, 83. 

Bartholomew, Wiljiam, 75. 

Bardelt, Jofeph, 139; Mary, 134; 

Samuel, 140. 
Banon, Bernard, Extrafl from, 

xxiii ; Eliza, 106; Elizabeth, 

133- 
BalTet, Goodwife, Trial of, 73-4, 

85. 
Baxter, Richard, on Witchcraft, 

Beale, William, bewitched, Z05. 
Beaman, Robert, 174 ; Simon, 220, 

254-5. 
Bedell, Robert, 285. 
Bcllamonl, Richard, (Earl) 208- 

Bellingham, Richard, 98, 107. 
Bentley, William, on Witchcraft, 

98. 
Benton, Andrew, 123; G.,iL 
Bcflc, Jofeph, Sufferings of the 

Quakers, 107, i tg. 
Bible, Witches explained out of, xl. 



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Index. 



Biftiop, Bridget, executed, 191; 

George, 107, 108, 119; Mrs., 

89. 
Blacks, John, Juror, 139, 
Bkckftone, William (Sir), xxviii. 
Blue Anchor Tavern, Bofton, 291. 
Bodorlhe, Blanche, 224-7, ^39 5 

Rice, Z30. 
Body of Liberties, 56. 
Booth, Elizabeth, 1 Sg, 204 ; James, 

Bofton, Churches in a Quagmire, 
xiv ; Witchcraft in, 58-61, 98, 
107, 180-5; bloody Town of, 
119; an Army of Devils in, 61. 

Boutle, Henry, a Witnefs, 93, 

Bradbury, Judith, 363. 

Bradfliaw, Sarah, 125. 

Bradftreet, John, a Magician, 74-5. 

Eradftreet, Simon, 87, 98, 113-14J 
140, 145, 147, 170. 

Branch, William, 254, 256-7, 

Bralbridge, Rachel, 155. 

Brewfter, Eliz., 80 ; Mary, 81, 85, 

95- 
Bridges, Robert, of Bofton, 98. 
Bridgman, Goodman, 254. 
Brinley, John, on Witchcraft, xv. 
Brooks, William, a Witnefs, 253. 
Broughion, Brian (Sir), xv. 
Browne, WilUam, Affiftant, 145 ; 

James, 271, 284-5, 290. 
Brundilh, Bethla, a Witnefs, 83. 
Bryan, Alex'., a Lawyer, 78. 
Buckley, Gerfliom, 86; Peter, 145. 

Buff (Barefoote W. ?), i ; 3. 

Burnham, Thomas, a Witnefs, 333, 
Burnings for Witchcraft, 124-5, 



215. 
Burroughs, B., 

ecuted, 191. 
Burl, Abigail, 

237-8. 
Burton, Robert, on Witchcraft, 



o ; George, ex 
54 ; Jonathar 



23-+. 



160. 



CABEL, Sarah, 83. 
Calef, Robert, xv, 181. 
Capen, John, Juror, 145, 375. 
Card, William, 271, 292, 396. 
Carrier, Martha, executed, 193. 
Carrington, John, 333. 
Cafe, Thomas, bewitches Quakers, 



WUha. 



271, 



275. 



158. 
Chandler 

391. 
Chapman, Henry, 210-11. 
Charles Seeend, xxxi. 
Chafe, John, 271-2, z8o-l, 291-2. 
Chauncy, C, his Enthufiafticus, 

159. 
Child, Richard, Juror, 145, 374. 
Chriftefon, Wenlock, 119. 
Churchill, Sarah, in a Witch Cir- 
cle, 189. 
Clarke, John, Conflable, 374 ; 

William, Juror, 169. 
Claufen, Elizabeth, immerfcd, 187. 
Clinton, Lawrence, 200 ; Rachel, 

ib. 
Cloyfe, Sarah, 194, 
Coffin, J., cited, 143, 145, 1489. 
Cole, Ann, 1 30-3 ; Eunice, 1 00-3 ; 

William, 100. 
CoHins, Zacheus, of Lynn, 205. 
Colman, Thomas, molefted, loz. 
Cokon, George, a Witnefs, 229, 

236-9. 
CoJve, Anthony, Captain, 134, 
Cooke, Aaron, a Juror, 169. 
Coolin, Annakey, 172. 
Cooly, Benj , a Witnefs, 338-41, 

254; Mrs., 257. 
Cooper, Thomas, 333-3, ^44 j 

Goodman, 253. 
Cornilh, John, 210-1 1. 
Corwin, Jonathan (Judge), 190. 



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Index. 



299 



Cory, Giles, prefled to Deaih, 

192-4; Martha, hanged, 194. 
Cotlon, John, Laws of, 97. 
Coulter, Goodwife, 152. 
Coutch, Roberl, 107. 
Cranch, Andrew, John, &e., 1 5 1, 
Cudwonh, Ralph, a Beliei^er, xxviii. 
Cullender, Rofe, executed, 1 24. 
Cullick, John, 63. 
Cufliin, Jeremiah, Juror, 14;, 273. 

"TJALTON, SAMUEL, Coun- 

■'^ cillor, 151-2. 

Dane, Francis, 115-16 ; John, ih. ; 

Nathan, 115. 
Danforlh, Mrs., a Witch, Hi ; 

Thomas, 14;, 170. 
Daften, Goodwife, accufcd, zo;. 
Davenport, John, 77, 78, 89. 
Davis, Zacheriah, 271-z, 291-2. 
Davy, Humphrey, Councillor, 14;. 
Day, Phebo, zoo ; Timothy, ib. 
Dean, John Ward, cited, 115. 
Deane.S., Hilt. Scituate, 117. 
Decanniflbi-a, Onondaga Chief, 209. 
Defoe. Daniel, cited, xxvi, iSo, 
Demagogue, a contemptible one. 

Demoniacs, tortured by the Devil, 
xli. 

Denham, Elizabeth, a Wimefs, 151. 

Dcnifon, Daniel, 98, 136, 145. 

Derbond, Henry, Juror, i;i. 

Defhorough, Mercy, tried, 186; 
Nicholas, molelted, 166; Thom- 
as, 186. 

Devil, may do Mifchief without a 
Witch or Wizard, xvi; Origin 
of the, xxi ; eaufes Earthquakes, 
Thunder and Lightning, &c., 
xxii ; his Agency overlooked by 
Writers, xxxii ; explained out of 
the New Teftament, xxxvi, x\ ; 
appears to M. Luther, xxxvii ; 
tortures Demoniacs, xli ; Leagues 



with, limited, li; Converfe with, 
forbid by Law, 56 ; an Army of 
Devils in Bofton, 61 ; he per- 
forms menial Service for a 
Woman, 62 ; feares Hogs, 63 ; 
appears at Springfield, 67 ; one 
iined and whipt for having Fa- 
miliarity with, 74 ; among the 
Women at New Haven, 7 5 ; 
hovering in the Air, 88 ; Sub- 
jefts for, ib. ; of ihe Indians, 
go; at Hampton, 100 ; an At- 
tempt to cheat him, 108 ; in C. 
Southwiek, 109; makes a Wo- 
man fpeak Dutch, izo; Hudi- 
bras on, 123; gives 3 Woman 
ten Shillings, for which fhe is 
burnt lo Death, 124 ; atGroton, 
131-2 ; Blafphemes, 132 ; In- 
dians forbid to worlhip, '37 ; at 
Newbury, 143 ; inlligatcs Argu- 
ments, 148; Contrafts with a 
Hampton Man, 156; fadly 
fwindled, 157 ; vlfits Plymouth, 



, Worai 



160-1 



throws down Log Fence, l6z; 
throws Stones, 163 ; ftcak Axes, 
164; at Hartford throwing 
Stones and Corn Cobs, 166 ; on 
the Side of Juftice, 167 ; in 
Mary Webfter, l63 ; triumphs 
with C. Mather, 179 ; deferis a 
Woman, 184 ; cannot aflume 
the Shape of an innocent Perfon, 
201-2; performs Baptifm, 207 ; 
cannot be fummoned, 208 ; in 
South Carolina, 215; at Spring- 
field, 244; meets his Witches, 
245 ; in the Hogs, 363 ; at 
Newbury, 366-7. 

Diffionaries, none early, xxvii. 

Dike, Richard, 201 ; Rebeckah, 
it. 

Dinfon, Rachel, Widow, zoo. 

Dole, John, a6o ; Benjamin, ib. 



., Google 



300 



Inde:> 



Dorchefter, Anthony, 230-2, 336- 
8, 241. 

Downing, MeUlablc, releafed, 200. 

Drake, Abraham, I03 ; Juior,i5i. 

Drake, Robert, of Hampton, 102. 

Drake, S. G., Witchcraft Ddufion, 
xii, xxvi, lii ; Founders of New 
England, 61, \\6, 282 ; Hiftory 
of Bofton, 61, g8, 131, 

Dryflreet, Henry, 171, 

Ducking to determine Witchcraft, 

Dudley' [ f'pl ^ llor, i+J. 

Dumm S ph 8 

Dune J h 58 

Dunti J h E ft from, 289. 

Duny A b f r a Wiich, 



Dwigh T 



h 



PARLE, ROBERT, Depofition, 

■*-' 268-9. 

Eartbc[uakes, caufed by the Devil, 

Eafthampton, Witchcraft in, 110. 
Eafty, Mary, executed, 194, 
Eaton, Theophilus, 95, 
Edwards, Alexander, 229-30. 
Elkins, Gerihom, Juror, 151. 
EJwell, Samuel, Wife imprifoned, 

Endicott, John, 98, 109-10, 
Englifti, Philip, Indiftment of, 203 ; 

imprifoned, 204. 
Erafmus, Defiderius, cited, xxxvi. 
Evans, Mrs,, 106 ; Benjamin, 152, 
Evil, Origin of, xxlv. 
Evils, when not Evils, xxl. 

PAIRFIELD, Witchcraft in, 79, 

83-+- 
Fanning, William, 265-7, 271-2, 

289, 292. 
Felt, Jofeph B,, Hill, of Ipfwich, 



Fenn, Benjamin, Magillrale, g;. 
Fernald, Renald, Magillrate, 104, 
Filmcr, Robert, Sir, on Witchcraft, 

XV, 208. 
Fortune- eel ling. Witchcraft, xjli. 
Fofter, John, Juror, 139; James, 

Conftable, 275. 
Fowler, William, Magiftrate, 83. 
Fuller, John, Wife accufed, 150-6. 



ifed. 



the 



-rjARLICKE, Mrs., ace 

^ 1,0-12; Jofeph, ,M. 

Gardner, Lion, ui-iz. 

Gedney, Bartholomew, 145. 

George the Firft (King), 125. 

Gliofts, akin to Witches, i 
Progenitors of, xlii ; feen ne; 
Metropolis, xlii ; in the Mt 
tropolis, xliii ; at Fort Warren, 

Glading, John, 271, 292-3, 295. 

Glover, Mrs,, executed at Bofton, 
181-5. 

Godfrey, John, 87 ; Children be- 
witched, 150-4, 113-16. 

Godman, Elizabeth, 88, go-5. 

Good, Sarah, accufed, 190'; exe- 
cuted, 196. 

Gookin, Daniel, 98, 136, 145. 

Goodwin, John, Cafe of his Child 
ren, 180-5 i Sufanna, 271-2 

Goodyear, Stephen, 8g, 91, 97. 
Goodinge, Mrs., a Wimefs, 294. 
Gould, Mrs., an Accufer, 82-3 

Hannah F., cited, 149-C0. 
Green, John, Juror, ,45, .74. 
Grecnleafe, Daniel, 259, 283. 
Greenfmilh, Mrs., executed, 

Nathaniel, iig, 121, 123. 

pjADLEY, Witchcraft in, 
Haines, Jonathan, 271-2, z8' 



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Index 



301 



Hale, Matthew (Sir), xi-xiii, 

ixviii, \%\. 
Hall, Cornelias, 82; Mary, 126- 

7i Ralph, iz6 ; Rebeckah, 82. 
HaU, John, 265-6. 
Ham, old, Negro, 107. 
Hampton, Wiiehcraft in, 99, 103, 

150. 
Hancock, George, zio-ii. 
Harper, John, 212. 
Harrifon, Katherine, a Witch, 1 29. 
Hai-rod, Thomas, Juror, 273, 
Harwood, Thomaa, Juror, 145, 
Ha&ins, Thomas, Juror, 138. 
Haftings, Thomas, Juror, 140. 
Hathorne, John, Judge, 190. 
Haunted Houfe, one vifited, xlii. 
Hay man, Nathan, Juror, 14;, 



Hay nes, Edmund, 219 ; John, 73 ; 

Joicph, 121. 
Herman, Goodman, 2ZI, 
Hibbins, Anne, 98 ; executed, 99. 
Hill, Luke, molelled, zio-ii. 
Hilton, Hannah, 259. 
Hinman, R. R., cited, 74. 
Hollifter, Geo. H., cited, 86. 
Holmes, William, Juror, 117. 
Hooke, William, 89, 91-3, 96. 
Hooker, Samuel, Magiftrate, I3i. 
Hooper, Madam, Fortune-teller, 

xlix-Iii. 
Hopkins, Matthew, 60, 123-4. 
Horiado, Antonio, 159-60. 
Howe, Elizabeth, executed, 196. 
Howland, John, Juror, 139. 
Hudibras, extrafted. See Butler, 

S. 
Hudfon, Alice, burnt for a Witch, 

124. 
Huen, Jacob, Juror, 145, 275. 
Hull, John, Affiftanc, 145. 
Hutchinfon, Edward, 69 ; F 

1 23-4 ; Thomas, xxxiii 

"9- 'J3. 190- 



IGNORANCE, the Parent of 
Superftition, svi, xxx. 

Indians, God of the, 79, 80, 82 ; 
Devil of the, 90; a Child of, 
112 ; Witchcraft, 136,208-10; 
none at the Vineyard, 139 ; in 
Advance of the Englifh, i+o; 
forae at Albany, 209 ; forbid to 
powow, 137. 

Ingham, Mary, accufed, 137, 

Innocent, viii. Pope, xxix. 

JACKSON, A., on counterfeit 
Money, xviii j Abraham, 139. 
Jacobs, George, 1 89 ; executed, 

ig6 ; Margaret, ih. 
James the Firft, his Demonology, 
XXV i ; recommended throwing 
accufed Perfons into the Water, 



123. 

Johnfon, Elizabeth, accufed, 205 ; 
Mary, eonfefled Familiarity with 
the Devil, 6z ; executed, ib.\ 
Samuel, a believer in Witchcraft, 
xxviii ; Thomas, 89, 97. 

Jones, Grif&n, 232, 251 j Mar- 
garet, executed, 58-61 ; Miftres, 
79, 80, 85 ; Mary, iz8; Mr., 
60-1, 8z. 

Judd, Sylvefter, cited, 65, 127, 
129-30, 134, 136. 

TZINGSBURY, SUSANNA, 
-•>- marriage of, 270. 
Knap, Elizabeth, bewitched, 131, 
Knapp, Mrs., Trial and Execution, 
77-86 ; Samuel L., Extrafl from. 

Knight, John, Juror, 145, 272. 
Knowllon, Thomas, Jailor, 144, 
280, 290. 

T ACy, EDWARD, Accufation 

againft, 165. 
LamberCon, Elizabeth, 89, 91. 



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302 



Index. 



Lankton, George, 219; Hannah, 

2ZO^I, Z4S-9. 
Lardner, Nathaniel, xxxvi, xl. 
Larremore, Goodwife, 89,90. 
Laws apinft Witchcraft, xx.v\, 

55-7, 97 ; againft Powowing, 

'37- 
Leet, William, 89, 95. 
Leonard, Sarah, a Wilnefs, 239. 
LevercH, John, Governor, 136. 
Levet, Arams, 151 ; Thomas, /^. 
Levit, Hazen, a Witnefs, 155. 
Lewis, Alonzo, Extrail from, xliii- 

vi ; Mercy, 189, 305, 
Litilecon, Witchcraft in, zi6. 
Lockwood, Deborah, 82 ; Mrs., 

80 ; Sufan, 82. 
Lowle, Benjamin, 271-2 ; Family, 

ik, 288. 
Ludlow, Roger, 77, 8z, 86, 
Lumbard, John, 221, 243, 250. 
Luther, Martin, Encounter with the 

Devil, xxxvii. 
Lux, Chriftopher, 151. 
Lyon, Richard, 84. 
Lynn, Witchcraft in, 205. 

A/fACrC, Book of, 75. 

■'■*■*■ March, John, 282 ; Family, 
ib., 284, 295. 

Marftiall, Abifhag, 151 ; Thomas, 
289-90, 295-9. 

Marflifield, Mrs., 71, 226, 244; 
Samuel, 225, 250-2 ; Sarah, 
250-1 ; Thomas, 222.. 

Marfton, Thomas, Juror, 15 1 ; 
William, ik 

Martin, Sufannah, profecuted, 128- 
9; executed, 196. 

Mafon, John, at Saybrook, liz, 

Mather, Colton, on Witchcraft, xi, 
xiii, xxij ; on Witchcraft in Eu- 
rope, xxxiii ; Extraft from, 57, 
61 ; on "an Army of Devils," 
ib.; on Moleftalions, 75-6 ; equal- 



led, 143 ; "Triumph with the 

Devil," 179 ; Difcovers the Devil 

in an old Woman, 184 ; ftiuflles 

out in a Mift, 201. 
Mather, Increafe, on Witchcraft, 

xi; Extrafls from, xxxvU, 76, 

122, J32, 165-6, 186. 
Mathews, John, a Witnefs, 228, 

244, 254; Pentcoft, killed, 228. 
Matibn, Margaret, a Witch, 171- 

2; Neejs, 173. 
Merrick, 231; Thomas, 244; 

Mrs., 245-6. 
Middiccoti, Richard, a Juror, 145, 

273- 
Mighell, John, Evidence, 267-8, 

271-2. 
Miles, Mary, 89, 9;, 
Millennium, Calculators of, cfti- 

mated, xxxv ; Humbug, xxxvi. 
Miller, Thomas, a Witnefs, 222, 

251 ; Sarah, bewitched, 252; 

William, xxxv, 
Mirack, Margaret, a Witnefs, 2S7, 
Miracles, diminiih in Number, 

xxiii ; all things Miracles, xxiv. 
Moody, Caleb, 263, 265, 271, 

294; Jofliua, a Witnefs, 165; 

William, 276. 
Morgan, Miles, 251 ; Prudence, 

251-2. 
Morfe, Abner, reference to, 148 ; 

Elizabeth, profecuted, 144 ; im- 

prifoncd and fentenced to be 

hung, 145 ; John, 274 ; Wil- 
liam, molefted, 141 ; a Profecu- 

tor, 143; Petition of, 147; his 

Refidenee, 149 ; Trial,&c., 258- 

296. 
Mofely, Edward, Col., 210-11. 
Moulton, Jonathan, Gen., makes a 

League with the Devil, 156 ; 

fwindles him out of a vail Sum 

of Money, 156-7. 
Moxon, George, Rev., Children 



., Google 



Index. 



303 



bewitched, 6;, 71, 228 ; a Wii- 

nefi, 228, 235, 250, 253. 
Mull, Abigail, a Witnels, 224, 

232 ; Goodman, 223. 
Myftery, how folved, xxii ; Love 

of, xxiii ; all things Mylleries, 

"VTEALE, ANDREW, Innkeep- 

■^^ er, zgz. 

Necromancers, contraft with the 

Devil, xvi. 
Nedfon, Anthony, 173. 
Newhall and Lewis, Hiilory of 

Lynn, xlvii. 
New Haven, Witcherafi: in, xxvi, 

75.77- 
Newman, Francis, 8g, 95. 
Newton, Ifaac (Sir), foperllilious, 

Nicolls, Richard (Governor), 125. 
Nolton. — See Knowlton. 
Northampton, Witchcraft in, 134. 
Nourfe, Rebecca, 194; executed, 



197. 



Fire- 



Noyes, Nicholas, 195 

brands of Hell," 196 ; Eleftion 
Sermon, 198, 285, 

(^DEL, Goodwife, 80, 81, 84. 
^-^ Oliver, Mary, executed, 64. 
Ordway, Ann, 272 ; James, ii., 

263, 287 ; John, 263, 271. 
Original Sin, xxiv. 
Olborn, Rath, 180; Sarah, igo. 
Oyfter Bay, Witchcraft in, 117. 

DANTON, RICHARD, 131. 
Parat, Francis, a Wilnefs, 75. 

Paris, Samuel, Rev., 190. 

Parker, Alice, hanged, 197-8; 
John, 198 ; Mary, hanged, iL 

Parfons, Hugh, accufed of Witch- 
craft, 66 ; indidted, 68 ; profe- 
cuted for Libel, 71-2 ; Examina- 



tion of, 1 19 ; bewitched a Pud- 
ding, ik, 222 ; whets Saws in the 
Night, 223; threatening Speech- 
es, 224 ; makes a Light in a Wo- 
man's Chamber, 225 ; tortures 
her in Bed, 226 ; appears as a 
Dog, zzy ; bewitched Moxon's 
Children, 228; a Brick-maker, 
ih, ; caufes a Girl to have Fits, 
ib. ; dries up a Cow, 229-30; 
fpirits away a Neat's Tongue, 
230-32; abdufls a Knife with- 
out Hands, 233; bewitched his 
Child, 235 ; dreamed of a Fight 
with the Devil, 240 ; accufed by 
his Wife, 239-43 ; bewitched a 
Trowel, 243 ; a Beer Barrel, 
246 i fends Snakes to one, 247 ; 
another Pudding bewitched, 249; 
bewitched Sarah Miller, 252 ; 
Goody Stebbing, 253; fright- 
ens Horfes, 255 ; bewitches 
Bags of Meai, 255 ; alfo Wil- 
liam Branch, 256, 

Parfons, John, accufed, 136, 140. 

Parfons, jofcph, 134; Mary his 
Wife profecuted, 134; pleads 
her own Caufe, 135-6. 

Parfons, Mary, Wife of Hugh 
Parfons, 66-68 ; accufes her 
Hufband of Witchcraft, 322 ; 
Reafon why, 233-5, ^39"4°j 
243, 251. 

Partrigg, Samuel, Clerk, 169. 

Payne, George, of Great Ifland, 
151; Robert, Juror, 204. 

Peatfon, George, 151. 

Pell, Thomas, 79, 80, 84, 85. 

Pendleton, Bryan, 104. 

Penn, William, Judge, 171, 172, 

Pepper, Francis, a Witneis, 242, 
251. 

Perkins, Abraham, Juror, i;i ; 
John, 289, 295-6; William, 
Authority on Witchcraft, xi. 



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Inde: 



Pharao, old, Negro Slave, 205. 
Phips, William, Sir, difcharges Pri- 

foners, 191. 
Philadelphia, Witchcraft in, 173. 
Philip, King, his War, 137. 
Pike, Jofeph, Conftable, 269-70 

Family, ih., 272. 
Pitcher, Mary, Hiftory of, xlv-viii 
Plymouth Colony, infefted, 56,158 
Pope, Alexander, Extraft, xxiii. 
Pope, Seth, Juror, 139. 
Portfmouih, Witchcraft in,i03. 
Powell, Caleb, 142, 143, 280, 285. 
Powowing, Law made againft,i37. 
Pratt, Bcnijah, juror, 139. 
Prefcott, Mra., a Witch, 152. 
Pritchard, Joanna, 221 ; Roger, 

2+9. 
Prime's Hift. Longliland, 110-12. 
Proaer,John, 189; executed, 198. 
Prophets in all Periods, xxxv. 
Pudeaier, Ann, executed, 198. 
Pudding, one bewitched, zig-az ; 

another, 248-9, 
Puddington, Agnes, John, Wit- 

neffes, 106. 
Puritans, much abuied, xxxi ; iin- 

juftly reproached, ib. ; by a 

Weftern Bilhop, xxixiv. 
Putnam, Ann, Thomas, 189. 
Pynchon, John, 70, 145, 169, 
Pynchon, William, 65, 76; his 

Record of Proceedings againft 

Hugh Parfons, 219-258. 

QUAKER POET, in Error, 
g^ xlii, xiiii. 

Quakers accufed of Witchcraft, 
1 07- 1 o ; a Crime to be a Quaker, 
\\%, 158. 

■DAWSON, Edward, 88, 98, 
■*-^ 103, 109, 146, 232, 254-56. 
Randall, Mary, 185 ; William,l86. 
Redman, John, a Witnefs, 103. 



Reed, Doftor, 152; Wilhiiot, ex- 
ecuted, 198-9. 

Rhode Ifland, Witchcraft Jn, 217. 

Richards, John, 145, 203, 21 1, 

Richardfon, Benjamin, Teftimoiiy, 
26, 271-2, 292, 294; Jolhua, 

Richmond, John, a Juror, 1 39. 
Robins, Richard, Juror, 145, 274. 
Roby, Goodman, 103 ; Henry, 

Juror, 151-2. 
Rogers, Ann, died of Witchcraft, 

126. 
Rolfe, Daniel, 278. 
Rofs, David, Judge, 1 25 ; Mary, 

poiTelTed, 158. 
Rowe, Elizabeth, 106; Nicholas, 

106 ; Phebe, 200 ; Hugh, 201. 
Rowley, Witchcraft in, 74. 
RutTell, James, a Juror, 145. 
Ryali, Jofeph, Conftable, 272. 

OAINT Dunftan Church, xiv. 
Salem, unduly reproached, ix, 

XXX ; Witchcraft in, 187-208. 
Salter, WUIiam, Prifon-keeper, 101. 
Saltonllall, Nathaniel, 145 ; Rich- 
Sanborn, John, Juror, 151. 
Saunderling, James, 172. 
Savage, James, Pei-verfity, 76 ; 

ciied. III, 151, 167 ; "the 

Devil and Cotton Mather," 179; 

Opinion of the Judges, 208, 

%■,-,, 285. 

Savage, Thomas, Councillor, 14;. 
Saybrook, Witchcraft in, 112. 
Scituaie, Witchcraft Jn, 116, 137. 
Scott, Margaret, executed, 199. 
Searl, Joanna, 224; John, 229, 
Seger, Elizabeth, Trial, 1 27. 
Sewell, BelTe, 245, 249 : Jane, 

281 J Thomas, 221. 
Sewall's Hillory of the Quakers, 



., Google 



Index. 



305 



Sheldon, Suiannah, i8g. 

Sherbum, Henry, 104 ; Samuel, 
260. 

Sherwood, Mrs., 79,84; Grace, 
Proceedings agajnlt for Witch- 
craft, z 10-15. 

Simcook, John, 172, 

Smith, Henry, 243, 243, 256, 

Smith, John, a Juror, 151 ; Mrs., 

Smhh, Nathaniel, a Witnefi, 152. 

Smith, Philip, bewitched, 169, 
174, 176-7 ; William, zii. 

Snow, Marit, a Juror, 139. 

Soames, Abigail, imprifoned, 201. 

Soufhampton, Witchcraft in, 165. 

South Carolina, Witchcraft in, 215. 

Southwick, Caflandra, io8-io. 

Spafford, H. G., Gazetteer, cited, 
127. 

Spencer, Edmund, extrafl, lii. 

Spirit Rappings, xxKvJJi; a Co- 
lony of S. Rappers, xxxix, xlii. 



Spiritualifm, Div 

Sprat, Henry, a Juror, 7,11. 

Springfield, Wilchcraft in, 64-72, 

,85. 

Squire, Goodwife, a Witnefs, 84. 

Slaplies, Thomas, his Wife accufed, 
77-85- 

Stebbings, John, 140, 24;, 352-3. 

Siiles, John, 141 ; Mifcreant, 142, 
261, 271, 288. 

Stone, John, Juror, 145 ; Samuel, 
63, 120. 

Stoughton, William, 145, 208. 

Stratford, Wilchcraft in, 72, 74. 

Superftition, debafing, ix ; Em- 
blems of, XV, xvijj at War 
with Reafon, xviii ; Feilers to 
Mankind, xxiii ; a Millennium 
Humbug, am. 

Sylvefter, Dinah, 117. 

Symonds, Samuel, 98. 

Oo 



Talbot, Gerud, 139. 

Talcotc, Captain, 123. 

Tappin, Sulanna, 2^7. 

Taylor, Anthony, 151 ; Jonathan, 

70, 232, 240, 245, 248, Z53-4, 

257. 
Thompfon, B. F., Hiftory of Long 

Ifiand, III, 117 ; John, 84. 
Thorrowgood, Major, zli. 
Thorpe, Goodman, 89, 
Thurfton, Daniel, a Witnefs, 284. 
Titcomb, Elizabeth, 271, 277-9 ; 

Lydia, 278; Penoil, 272, 292. 
Towle, Mrs., 151; Ifaheila, 156. 
Tilion, Peter, 169, 170, 
Time, Jndian Squaw Servant, 92. 
Titcomb, Elizabeth, Witnefs, 258; 

Peniel, 259, 
Tituba, Indian Servant imprifoned, 

190. 
Tomfon, Attorney General, zi 1. 
Travelly, Thomas, 165. 
Trimmings, Oliver, 10; ; Sufan- 

Trumbull's Coh Records, 111, 

Turpin, Thomas, toy. 
TureJI, Ebenezer, Z16-17. 
Tumor, John, Innkeeper, 288-9. 
Tyler, Job, 87-8, 113-14. 
Tyng, Edward, 145. 

TJPHAM, C, W., cited, 74, 198, 



W 



ADS WORTH, JOHN, 138. 
Wait, John, Juror, 145, 



Walch, Machael, 259. 
Walcut, John, 1 89 ; Mary, 1 



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., Google