NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES
Governor Thomas Dudley
FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING
HOTEL VENDOME, BOSTON
October 19, 1S97
Rev. JAMES HENRY WIGGIN
Presiding as Senior Vice-President and Chairman of Literary Committee
The Exeter Pastor, Rev. Samuel Dudley
-.. BROWN, S2 FEOEML ST., BOSTON.
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Governor Thomas Dudley
FIFTH ANNUAL MEEIING
HOTEL VENDOME, BOSTON
October 19, 1897
Rev. JAMES HENRY WIGGIN
Presiding as Senior Vice-President and Chairman) nt I.iter.uy Committee
T H !•■. M K
Thf Exeter Pastor, Kcv. Samuel Du.ilcy
Fifth Annual Business Meeting.
TnH fifth aiiiuia! ineetiiic,^ of the Dudley Family Associ-
ation was held at tlie Hotel X't'iidoine, in B(;stoii, Mass.,
October 19, 1897.
The earliest arrivals were Hon. E. Dudley Freeman, of
Portland; A. R. Wiggin, of Andover; Mrs. Cyrus K. Babb,
of Boston ; and Rev. James Henry Wiggin, of Boston ;
who, in the absence of tlie President, Dr. Albion M. Dud-
ley, of Salem, on account of a family bereavement, presided,
as Senior Vice-President and Chairnian of the Literary
The records of the previous meeting were read by tlie
Secretary, Franklin B. Williams, and duly api)roved.
The report of the Treasurer, Col. L. LMwin Dudley, was
read, accepted and [ilaced on file, and was as follows.
L. KDWIN Dl'DLKV.
In Account with twe (iov. Thomas I)ri)LF<:Y Family
To Cash on hand
To Error in last year's account
To Amt. rec'd for membership tees .
To Amt. rec'd for annual dues
To Amt. rec'd for dinner tickets
To Amt. received for annual reports
4 mi:. <'hii,h s letter.
By Aint. })aicl Qiiincv Iloiive . . . $130.25
By Amt. paid for printing . l.i.S.sO
Bv Amt. paid for postage and sundry
expenses ...... 32.12
By Anit. paid for subscriptions to magazines K.;32
Cash on hand . . . 120.49
Total . . . $449 98
L. Edwin Dudley, Trearurer.
Bv J. F. O'Hara, Attorney.
Examined and found correct Oct. 18, 1897,
JAMES IIhn'rv WiGdi.v, Auditor.
The following letter from tlie former secretary. Dudley
R. Child, to the Board of Directors, was read with regret
and placed on tile.
Boston, Mass , July 20, IS'M.
To the Board of Jirectois of the Gov. Thomas Dudley Family
Foi some months past mv health has been impaired as a
result of overwork in various lines. I have found it necessary
to give up active participation in several societies, and have
been un;ible to do what is required of the Secretary of this
Association. As my request to be retired was not heeded at
the annual meeting, I expected to find an earlv opportunity for
resignation at a Directors' mectinj; but as no meeting has been
held since that time, I have done what I could to carry mv part
of the atlairs along.
In order to attain complete recovery I must be entirely free
from responsibility and care; so, for these reasons I herewith
tender my resignation from the office of Secretary of this Asso-
SECRETARY R ANNl'AI, i:El'f>HT. 5
It is iiceilless to sav that after five years' connection with this
movement, I take this step with much re;^ret, as my |)osili()ii
has been to me one of great interest anil vahie.
I know, iiowever, that, in spite of changes, all will go on
with increasing success; ami it shall l)e my greatest pleasure to
contrilnite in future to the advance of our society in such way
as I mav he alile. Respectfully yours,
Dldi.kv R. Child.
Report of Secretary Williams
Titi': I'oHowjiio- paper was also read ami [)laee(l on file.
The annual report of your Secretary is liereby submitted.
The annual report of the Secretary gives an account of the
doings of the Board of Directors and matters of interest to the
Association in and around Boston. During the year just end-
ing the Board has met only once. At this meeting arrange-
ments were made for the annual meeting and the former Secre-
tarv presented his resignation.
The resignation was accepted and a successor was chosen.
Although the Treasurer was about to take the position of con-
sul at Vancouver, B. C, it was thought licst to ilefer filling his
place until the annual meeting. Following the custom of the
past, the report of the last annual meeting was published with
dlustrations, and issued at the usual price uiuiei the iliectiDHS
of a special committee. The attention of membeis is again
called to these reports. Their regular purchase by the Massa-
chusetts State Library and other libraries indicates that they
have some general interest and value. This being the case,
each member should be interesteil to obtain each annual report,
particularlv those of previous years, which are becoming scarce.
Frankmn B. Williams, Secretary.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
The fiillowiiig list of olTicers for the ensuing year was
subniitteJ l)v the iioniinatincr coininittee, throufjh its chair-
man. Warren P. Dudley, Esq.: and, by unanimous vote.
tlie Secretary cast one ballot for the persons named, wlio
were declared elected.
Hon. E. Dudley Frkhman, Portland, Me.
V/cc- Presidents :
Frank Duni.KV, Portland, Me.
Augustine Jones, Providence, R. I.
Mrs. Caroline A. Barnard, Brookline, Mass.
Woodbury G Langdon, New ^'o^k.
Joseph B. Moors, Boston, Mass.
Charles A. Sheldon, New Haven, Conn.
Anson Phelps Stokes, New York.
John Peabody Wetmore, Newport, R. I.
Rev. James Henry Wiggin, Boston, Mass.
Daniel Dudley Gilbert, M. D., Boston, Mass.
FkANKLiN B. WiLLLWis, lo Scluivler St., Boston, Mass.
Resist r^i r :
Mrs. Catherine Dudley Br.v.mble, New London, Conn.
J reasiirer :
Dudley Talhot, Boston, Mass.
Miss Louise \\ inthrop Koues, 11« W. 13th St,, New York.
Mrs. Florence ^L Adkinson, Boston, Mass.
Charles E. Wiggin, Boston, Mass.
George E. Di-dley, Boston, Mass.
Henry W. IJudlby, M. D., Abington, Mass.
COMMITTEES AND VOTES. I
Mks. Ai.ick Dudley Fkm.ows, North Canil)ii(l^e, Mass.
Jerk Pierce Fenno, .Milton, Mass.
Mrs Orinda A. Dudi.kv IIornbrocjke, Newton, Mass.
Charles Dudley Lewis, Fiainin»jliani, Mass.
HuDLE'S' R. Child, Boston, Mass.
Franki.i.v S. Williams, Boston, Mass.
iNIucli ri^ratifi cation was expressed that Mr. Freeman had
consented to accept tlie [)residency; and he rejoined that if
his snccess in jterforining tiie duties equalled his apprehen-
sions, he slmuM indeed be disting'tiisjied.
'I'he ("haiiMiaii stated that the names of the nominating
committee wonhl he later announced : and they were as
Sanford M. Dudley, Es(^., of Cambridge.
Miss Katherine L. Morrill, of Exeter, N. II.
Elizabeth ABBorr Carlton, M. D., of Boston.
Mrs. Cvkus K. Babb, of Boston.
Isaac N. Tucker, Es(.(_., of Boston.
(Governor Dudlev'.s Biograimiv.
Reference was made to the fact that Mr. Augustine
Jones had practically completed his work on the Life of
Governor Thomas Dudley: and it was voted that all mat-
ters in connection with furthering the efforts of Mr. Jones
in this direction be referred to the Board of Directors.
Vote ok I'hanks.
A vote of thanks was tendered .Miss Katherine L. Mor-
rill, of Exeter, for the photograph from which the illustra-
tions on the menus had been j)iiiited.
8 CLOSING BUSINESS.
Attention was called to the fact that tlie running ex-
penses of the association are sup])ose(l to be j)aid by the
(lues, but that, owing to the failure of a portion of the
members to jiay. .«5ixty dollars of the past year's ex})enses
had to be paid from the two hundred dollars left in the
treasury after tlie association's first reunion. The opinion
was expressed that this sum should be held as a fund, and
not be drawn upon f(jr running expenses.
Meml>ers were also re«}uested to provide themselves
with copies of the annual reports of previous years; as,
Ijeing furnished at almost the cost of publication, the direc-
tors would otherwise i>e forced to discontinue these valua-
A recess was at this i)oint taken for social intercourse.
Sixth Reunion and Banquet.
At about six o'clock Vice-President Wiggin announced
that the dinner hour had arrived, and Mr. Franklin S.Wil-
liams, chairman of the Banquet Committee, would read
the names of guests wlio were to occupy the chief table,
and thai others were to follow at their pleasure
At the head table were seated
Rev. James Henry Wiggin.
Mrs. Laura Newman Wiggin.
Miss Ariana S. Dudley.
Hon. Elias Dudley Freeman.
Miss J. Florence O'Hara.
Franklin B. Williams.
Albert Bowman Wiggin.
Miss Katherine L. Morrill.
Mr. Bale, of the Boston Herald.
REV. JAMES HENRY WIGDIN,
Chairman nl the Annual Meeting and Dinner.
T : 1 C
'" ' .'
A -T ;
LIST OF (UIESTS.
Seated ut the other tiihles were :
Mrs. Fkorknck M. Aukinson.
Mrs. Lilian Tuckkr Akmstronc;.
Cyrus K. Babb.
Mrs. Cyrus K. Habu.
Mrs. Clifton Dudley Rlack.
Mrs. Mary Nkwman Bryant.
Dr. Klizabkth .'Vbbott Carlp.ton.
Mrs. Mary E. Chask.
Dudley R. Child.
Mrs. Missouri S. Child.
Miss Julia C. Clarke.
Benjamin E. Cole.
Mrs. Margaret C. Cole.
Miss Mary Douglas Day.
Elizabeth Nason Dickey.
Clara W. S. Dodge.
Edwin Dudley Dodge.
Harriett Augusta D(mk;e.
John E. Doi)(;k.
Mrs. Mary F. Dudley Dodge.
Harwood a. Dudley.
Henry W. Dudley.
Mrs. Laura Howla.nd Dudley.
Sanford Harrison Dudley.
Warren Preston Dudley.
Mrs. Mary C. Talbot Fay.
Mrs. Elizabeth Dudley Fenno.
Jere Pierce Fenno.
Mary W. Folsom.
Mrs. Clara Kendall Hill.
Caroline Dudley Johnson.
David Dudley Johnson.
Mrs. Caroline Alice Jones.
Miss Caroline Rathborn Jones.
Mary Leslie Johnson.
Mrs. Mary S. H. Marcy.
Miss Clara Lsabella Metcalf.
Joseph B. Moors.
Mrs. Joseph B. Moors.
Miss Marietta Morrill.
Miss Ellen Williams Rumrill.
Miss Sarah Elizabeth Rumkill.
10 THK DINNEK.
Mrs. AiGiSTA K. Didlkv Tai.bot.
Marv Emzabkth TAt.noT.
("fRA( K H. TUCKKK.
Isaac Newton Tlh ker.
Mrs. Isaac NEWTnN Titker.
Iracy I5RONSON" Warren.
Mrs. Clara A. Warren.
Miss Anna M. Whiting.
Miss Susan Anstis Whiting.
Franklin Sprague Willia.ms.
Mrs. Mary V. Williams.
Mrs. Helen .M Winchester.
The tal)]es were daintily decorated : and during the
dinner there was fine music by the Beacon Orchestral
Club, under tlie lead of Mrs. Marietta Sherman Raymond.
On the menu were the cuts, to be seen in this rei^ort. of
tlie tomb, in Kxeter. of liev. Samuel Dudley, and a fac-
simile of a document sigfiied bv his widow Elizabeth, for
which the Association is indebted greatly to the Misses
Mori ill, of Kxeter, N. 11.
Pur^e of Game, ronieraiiie.
Penobscot Salmon, a la Clianihord.
Sliced Cucumbers. Potatoes, \'iennese.
Loin of Lamb, Morlaisicnne.
Mont; re) Goose, Bigarade.
Kaiiy June Peas. Potatoes. Parisienne.
Frozen Tom and Jerry.
Filet de Boeuf, a la Rossini.
Cases of Lobster, Newburg.
Sweetbread Patties, au Madere.
Vienna Charlottes. \'ictoria Jelly.
Assorted Cake. Fancy Water Ices.
Marshmallow Ice Cream.
Clieese. Crackers. Olives.
chairman's [NTIlOnrCTOIiY KKMAUKS. 11
The wants of tlie inatfiial man liaviiiLj been j^iatified
and satisfied, Mr. VV^iggin, in liis (•liaiacteristiciiUy genial
manner, spoke as follows:
Chairman's Introductory Remarks.
Friends, I never like to interrupt pleasant chat, or chatter,
but the time is passinj^, and we have much else in store.
That a Dudley can always do his share of the talking, these
dinners offer abundant proof.
I am acting to-night in a ilouble capacity : First, as Vice-
president, in the President's absence ; and, second, as Chairman
of your Literary Committee, as Mr F. S. Williams, tlie senior
Mr. Williams, has had charge of looking after vour creature
comforts, as chairman Dl'that Department. To look at us two
you mii^iit think that / should be in charge of the creature com-
forts, and Mr. Williams of the feast of reason ; but you must
take us as you find us, and such as we have, give we unt<) vou.
The Committee's Correspondence.
YouK committee has found it rather more difficult to secme
speakers this vear than last, when our subject was Anne Brad-
street, her meuKirials bein<^ far moie pleritiful than are those of
the Rev. Samuel Uudlev.
We had hoped to divide the subject, and have someone speak
of Samuel Dudley's Birth anti Parentage, someone else of Ids
Earl} Days, another of his After Life, and so on ; but tliis was
found impracticable, because the records are too meagre.
Vou shall hear, however, with what success your cliairman
met in the various quarters to which he applied.
I wrote to Mrs. Jonas G. Dudley, of Augusta, Me., sup-
posed to be in New Vork City, asking her to speak on the
general subject; l)ut mv missive was returneil from the Dead
Letter Office, so I have no clew to iiei whereabouts.
12 INTERESTING INTERVIEW.
Next I wrote to our fjooi] frieiui, Mr. Charles A. Sheldon, of
Xcw Haven, a^kiiilj him if he would sav something about the
career ot this illn>trious ancestor ; Init he replied that he was
not of the Samuel blood.
I then wrote to Mr. Woodbury G. Langdon. of Xew York,
and he answered that, being in his suburban residence until
November, and that as suburban residences are considered un-
safe at night without a man's presence, he cannot be with us
until he either returns earlier to the city or his children are old
enough for self-protection.
The next application was to Mr. Winthrop Dudley, of Brent-
wood, N. H., a venerable man of over fourscore years; but
what became of this letter I have no idea, as it received no
I then wrote to Mr. John T. Perry, of Exeter, who was
many years in journalism, wields a verv ready pen, and is
deeply interested in gcneological topics. He wrote me that his
wife had recently passetl on to a higher sphere, leaving his
home desolate, and his home affairs needing his constant
attention. On a trip to Exeter, by vote of your Directors, I
called upon Mr. Perry in his venerable house, which has been
but slightly changed, though made more attractive bv the intro-
duction of modern conveniences, and we sat and talked in the
very room where an important Revolutionary meeting took
place, with reference to Colonial finances, just before the battle
of Bennington. To be sure of the dates, I should have looked
up this battle; but I must now presume upon your extensive
and accurate information thereanent. At any rate, there was
the room where the meeting was held to raise money ; and one
man pledged all he was worth, in houses and lands as well as
in money, toward the support of the war against King George.
That same room had another association, with a case about
which you lawyers probably all know, and, no doubt, our ex-
president, .Mr. Sanford Dudley, could give more particulars.
I refer to the famous Cilley (not perhaps silly also) will case,
tried in Exeter. On the opposing sides no lesser lawyers were
engaged than the two greatest in the Granite State, Daniel
MORE LETTKRR. 18
Webster and feremiah Mason. D.iniel Webster was n Wliij^,
ami as a matter of coiiitesv, he was, ilurintj the trial, invited to
the liospitahties of this mansion, then belontjintj to Colonel
Chadwick. Party politics ran hii^her then than now. It hap-
peneil that the Colonel hekl some office in the »^ift of tlie people.
In those days \cw Hampshire was nothing if not Democratic,
and as his C'»nstituents conUl not bear to have their representa-
tive generous to a leader in the other partv, thev ilropped
Colonel Chadwick at the next election.
Our Registrar, Mrs. Dudley Bramble, was asked if she
would not say something about the Boyhood of .S imuel Dudlev,
as she is of his line; but she met with an accident at a Ply-
mouth celebration, and could not even be with us to-night.
However, she sent a letter, which you shall hear presently
Mr. George E. Dudley, of the Fitchburg Railroad, also felt
unable to help us.
Mrs. Babb was asked to assist on the committee, and " she
hath done what she could."
Mr. E. Dudley Freeman, your future president, at first
thought he should be unable to make an address, but finally
consented; \ou shall soon judge of his quality.
From Miss Jennie Dearborn, of Concord, N. H., now in
New York Cit\-, came the word that her mother, Mrs. Susan
L. Dear! orn Clough, was sull'ering from a [)rolonged illness,
making it impossible for either of these ladies to meet with us.
Mr Fr.mk Dudlev, of Portland, at first thought he would
speak to us, but liter he felt compelled to retract thi-^ promise.
Xotwithstanding these disappointments, ellicient aitl came
from othei cpiarters. Through photographs procured by Miss
Motrin, our ineiui is enriched by two cuts, though these appear
to far hotter advantage on pasteboard than on this paper. One
pictures the flat gravestone marking the last resting place of
Samuel Dudley, though the leaden inscription has disappeared.
The other represents a paper, signed by his third wife, in
which she requests that somebody else be appointed adminis-
trator of her husbantls estate.
Before we touch this Exeter matter we will listen to a letter
14 COLONEL DUDLEY'S LETTER.
from Col. L. Edwin Dudley, which will be read bv Miss
O'Hara, who has been acting as substitute for our Treasurer,
since he so far recovered from his accident in Washington, on
Inauguration Xight — an accident resulting in the amputation
of his left foot — as to take his official position.
CONSl'LATK OF THE U.NITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Vancouver. B. C, October 11. 1807.
Ai.nioN M. Dudley, M. D., President Governor Thomas
Dudley Family Association, .Salem, Mass.
Mv DEAR Doctor : — T regret extremely that, for the first
time, I shall be absent from a meeting of our Association. 1
have always been gratified by the warm interest manifested at
these annual gatherings by so large a number of the descend-
ants of our illustrious ancestor.
Recently a report has come to me that our fellow-member.
Mr. Augustine Jones, has nearly finished the task, whicli he so
generously undertook, of preparing a life of Governor Thomas
Dudley. I am glad, for I belie\e the people will see, for the
first time, the sturdy old Governor in his true character.
I have long believed that the cause of libertv of the individ-
ual, of governmeni " by the people and for the people" was,
in its early struggles, more indebted to (Governor Thomas Dud-
ley than to any o':lier man of his time. Xo man living at a
later time had equal opportunit\- to render tlie cause great ser-
Our family especially, and all the liberty-loving people of all
the world, will be indebted to Mr. Jones for the faithful per-
formance of tlie great task which he accepted at our hands.
Although I am so far away in bodv, I shall nevertheless be
with you in spirit on the 19th inst.
I wish for your meeting of this year, and for the future life
of our Association, all the good and all the prosperity that anv
of my fellow-meml)crs can desire.
With deep regret that I must be absent from vour meeting
this year, with the hope and full expectation that I can attend
your next meeting, I am Most sincerely yours,
L. Edwin Dudley.
CDL. L. EDWIN DULLKY
ASTOR, LE'X'X Af C
SUBJECT OF THK EVRNING. 15
Among the points for which I st;iii(i iiidehtcd to Mr. Perry
is tills, that he has long been of the opinion that there must
have been some special reason for <^ivinf:j the town of Exeter
its name. Manv colonist^ ( like the I'.ostonians) simply trans-
l^lanted their names from English homes; but Mr. Perry is
convinced that the Exeter settlers chose the name with great
deliberation, since the town of Exeter, England, bears the same
relation to Exmouth that our Exeter bears to Portsmouth, as
well as to sea and river, and that its hills and undulations are
We listened a vear ago to Mrs. Ednali P. Cheney, as she
spoke of Anne Hutchinson, in comparison with Anne Brad-
street. Some of vou felt sure that Mrs. Hutchinson and Mrs.
l^radstreet must have been friends, when the former was turn-
ing theological Boston upside down, in her determination to
convince the people of God's indwelling spirit, and that a
woman had a right to be publicly heard in the community, if
she could get anyone to listen. What has this to do with Exe-
ter.^ You shall see Mrs. Hutchinson had a clerical brother-
in-law, John Wheelwright, who was a friend ot" Oliver Crom-
well, came to Massachusetts Bay at the age of forty-two, and
soon after became a founder and first minister of the new Exe-
ter, though he did not continue there till his death in 1670.
His successor, the ancestor whom we especially commemorate
to-night, was Samuel Dudley.
One of the reporters wiio called this evening remarked,
after reading f)ur [irogram with some care, " riien the Rev.
Samuel Dudle\- is to be the chief speaker of this occasion." I
assured him that the Rev. Samuel hatl l)ecn dead over two hun-
dred years, and we scarcclv expected his reappearance ; though
such a materialization miglit enable us to rival the manifesta-
tions at the great Spiritual Temple only a square distant.
Mr. Dudlev was the Exeter pastor from IH.50 to 16H.S. In
the middle of the seventeenth century he went among the
people of Exeter, and we can understand how he was welcomeil,
not onlv as a Godly and well-learned divine, but as the elile^t
son of Governor Thomas Dudley of Massachusetts Ba} , one
of the chief, if not the foremost, of New England's early rulers.
16 THE EXETER CHFRCH.
The Exeter people are on the eve of celebrating the two hun-
dredth anniversary of either the organization or reorganization
of their First Church, they are uncertain which; because the
able New Hampshire historian. Rev. Alonzo H. Qiiint, D D.,
insists that, contrary to colonial usage, Exeter had no religious
oiganization till two centuries ago, though he thinks the Dover
church dates from the settlement of that region. This opinion
leaves the Exeter Congregational brethren a little in doubt as
to what they are to celelirate in 1898, an absolute church organ-
ization, or the reorganization of a church much older, dating
back to 1640; though we must certainly feel that it does not
seem a reasonable supposition that a society of New Engl uiders
should worship sixty years with no church organization. It is
also interesting to know that the meetinghouse of the Exeter
society has closed a whole century of life.
Samuel Dudley was a very important link between the
Dover Plantations and Massachusetts Bay. If Mr. Perry could
tie with us he would tell you of the part taken by Mr. Dudley
in certain mild controversies (I say rnild^ but am not so sure
about their mildness) between that part of New England and
I asked Miss Katharine Morrill if she would not speak or
r.ad to us; but she says No, and her No is not of the kind that
means Yes; although I feel assured that a woman who can
use her pen as aiily as has Miss Morrill in the interests of
homa'opathic literal uie, could talk to advantage. She has
t.ikcn great pains to collect facts and copy data, and some of
tlu-se Miss O'llara will read.
Extracts from Exeter Records Concerning
Rev Samuel Dudley.
EXETER TOWNE RECORD. P. 54
Att a Towne Meeting, the (13) day of (3) mo. 16.iO.
It is unanimously agreed upon by Mr. Samuell Dudley and
the Townc of Exeter, that Mr. Dudley is forthwith so soone as
comfortalile subsistence can be made by the Towne for him
and his fainelye, in the hous which was purchased of Mr.
AGREEMENT WITH KK\'. SAMUEL DUDLEY. 17
Whclwrit, that then the saidc Mr. Dii.Ucy is to com to inhahet
att Exeter and to be a muiester of God's word unto us, uutill
sucli time as God shall he pleased to make way for the <:jather-
iiig of a Church. Aiul then lie to be ordained as Pastor or
Teacher accordint^j to the onlinauce of God
And in consideration of this p'mise of Mr. Dudley the Tovvne
doth mutieallv a^jree to titt no the afonsaid house, and to fence
in a varde and jjardon for the saiil Mr. Dudley and to allow
fourtey pounds a veere towards the maintenance of the said
Mr. Dudley and his famelye. And that the use and sole im-
provement of the aforesaid hous bought of Mr. W'helwrit and
all the lands and meddows thereto belGnjiing shall be to the
proper use of him the said Mr. Dudley during the time that he
shall continue to be a minester of the word amonst us.
And what cost the said Mr. Dudley shall bestowe about the
said hous and lands in the time of his improvement, the Tovvne
is to allow unto him or his so much as the said house or lands
are bettered bv it att the time of the saide Mr. Dudley's leave-
ing of it either by death or by some more than ordinary call of
And it is farther agreed upon that the oukl t)ow hous, which
was Mr. Whelwrit's shall by the Towne be Heed up fitt for the
setting of cattle in. And that the aforesaide pay of 40£ a yeere,
is to be made in good pay evercy halfe yeare, in corn ami Eng-
lish comodities att a price currant as they goo ginerally in the
Cuntrey att the time or times of payment.
To the promisscs wch concerne myselfc I consent unto,
Witness my hand,
And for the Towne's [)'ft)rmaiice of there part of this afore-
saide agreement, we whose names are hereuntler written, do
joyntiv and severall} enga^^ge ourselves to Dr. DuiUey,
Witness our hands, EnwAKr) IIir.roN,
\x nr.coKDs rf)NrEi;NFNG rev. sa^iuel Dudley.
The 4th of the first mo. 47 or 48 (1648) 46
It is ajjrccd hy ;i n;incrall consent at a Town nieetiiit^ that
Mr. \Vifx<jin, Mr. Dudley and Mr. Clemants shall be Associates
to the Countey Court, if the other tovvnes in the Countey shall
August 26tli, 1650. P. .^7
The Ten Aker lott lying on the neck of land over against
Mr. Dudley's house wch was somtime given to Edward [ohn-
son of Hampton (if he com to huild upon it in reasonable time)
is now given by the Towne unto Joiin Legat for a hous lott.
Att a Towne Meeting, the (o) of (10) mo. 1650.
It is agreed upon that the Townsemen shall have power to
make a Rate upon all such of the inhabetants of the Towne as
do(. not volcntarey bring in according to their abiletyes for the
sattisfieing of the Towne's engaggement unto Mr. Dudlev for
Att a l^owne Meeting, the (19) of Febr. 1650. P. 63
There is given and granted unto Mr. vSam'll Dudley, Eightev
Akcrs Swampe Land, lyeing about Southeast from the falls,
lyeing neere unto Humphery Willson's great lott on the one
h;md an Mr. Whelwrit's crceke runing from it, and the great
plaine on the East sid of it, and all the timber and underwood
upon the said 80 Akers of Land, to him and his iieires forever.
31y, The Three Townsemen wch now are, viz : Ilenerev
Roby, Thos. King and John Legat, are made choice of l)y the
Towne to vindicate the credit and rejMitation of Mr. Dudlev
against the rcproachfull speeches and calumnations of John
Garland, by proceeding against him in law according to the
demerit of his part.
(See Hell's history. P. 16)
.Att a l\^wne Meeting, the (26) ol the (4) mo. 16oO. P. 64
It is agreed upon that Francis Swaine shall have 20 S. for
his paines and time in going into the bay to receive Mr. Dud-
EXETKR ROrXDARIF.S. 19
It is agreed upon that a meeting house shall he huilt of twenty
foot square, so soone as workmen can conveanteantly he pro-
cured to do it. And the place appointed for it is att the corner
of William Tavler's lott next the street, and VViMiam Tayler is
to have of the Townc 20 S. for live rods s(|uare of liis hmd in
It is granted unto Mr. vSaiiuiell Dudley all the laud which is
att tlu- 1 md of the ten aker lotts on the neck of land over against
the towne, wch is not formerly granted out.
Att a Towne meeting, the (1) of the (7) mo. 1651. P. 65
It's ordered that John Warren shall goo into the Bay to
receive the town's pay of Mr. Kimball for Mr. Dudley, and to
see for the waights and measers, that Mark Hands p'cure them
and send them forthwith according to the Townesemen's agree-
ment with him, and that the said John Warren shall have 20 S.
for his panes and expenses in corne of the Towne.
Att a Towne Meeting, the (29) of the (10) mo. 1651. P. 66
It is g^-anted to Mr. Dudley liberty to fence in that piece of
ground whare the graves are, and to have the use of the lands
for graseing or feeding of Cattle whilst he stayes in Exeter, but
not to breake up the saide land, and when he leaves the land
he is to take up the fence againe or to be payd for it.
It is agreed upon that Mr. Samuell Dudley, Mr.^Edw. Hil-
ton, Mr. Edw. Oilman, John Legat and Humphrey Willson
shall have power t(j make an agreement with Hampton and
Dover about tiic bounds of the Towne, or to petition to the
Ginerall Court about it, if they cannot agree with the other
townes, and to consider about tlie easeing of the towncs • • •
thev may about the manner of payments for the minester's
maintenance and for the exchange of the land that is by the
saw mill belonging to Mr. Dudley his house, and for to dispose
of the ten akers of land sometime givene to Will Whitredg, if
he come to dwell in.
20 en ANT F(ir: a saw mill.
Att a Tnwnc Nrcctiiifj, alt Exeter tlie (20) day of (2) mo. 1652.
It is j^rantcd and voated and agreed upon that Mr. Samuell
L^iidley and John Lcj^at shall have libcrtv to build or erect a
saw mill at tlio second or third fall from the Towne. which
they shall like best of. And to have timber for there mill on
the canons there. .And the tearmes on which thev have this
grant i.s. that they shall pav unto the Towne the som of five
pounds a yeare for so long time as the said mill is employed in
sawing and to aforde the Towne for there own use boards att
three shillings a hundred, if they fetch them from the mill.
And the falls aliove mentioned are to be understood of tails that
are on the greate fresh river, above anev of the mills that are
And this grante is given unto the saide Mi'. Samuell Dudley
anil Jno. Legat, theire heires and assines forever, as our meane-
ing is of the other mills formerlv granted.
Witness hereunto the selectmen's hands :
EXETER TOWXE RECORD. P. 69
Att a Towne Meeting, the (1(1) of Mav, l<io2.
Mr. Samuell Dudley, Mr. Edw. HiltoM, Mr. Edw. Gillman
and Tho King are chosen to meet with the Comm-itioneres
appointed to lay out the bounds between us .md Hampton, to
agetate and concluil with tliem or to make theie objections
according to the Court order, if thev cannot agree.
4ly, .Vtt the towne meeting afore named the (10) of May,
It is gi\en and granteil unto the saide Mi'. Sanuieil Dudlev
and John Legat, one bundled akers of land a pece, att or above
the uper falls on the maine fresh River by estimation about two
or three miles from the Towne on the heither side of the River,
whare there grant is for a saw mill, neere to the new Comon
KKCOItns CONfEKNlNf; I;kV. SAMfKI, DlTni.EV. I'l
field, which is graiilctl on iho other sidr of the Kivci, and the
saide Mr. Dudley and John Let^at are to secure tiie said Comou
Field from any tiespas by there cattle which thev cariey
thither for workinj^j '>r feeding there.
Edw. GiHm.iiK Koh. Sawcrs ;\nd Tho. IV-lit do descent from
May 10, 10.-) L>. I'. 71
lOly. It is ordered and agreed upon and bv the Towne
requested, that Mr. Saniuell DutUev and Mr. Edw. (iillman
shall goo to the next (jineiall Courte as messenger for the
Towne, to treat with the Courte about the Libertves and bounds
of our Towne that we be not infringed upon either by Dover
Att a Towne meeting, the (20) of the (3) mo. IG— . P. 71
1. Whereas att our last meeting the (10) of this prsant (8)
— Mr .Samuell Dudley and Mr. Edw. Gilhnan were requested
to goo to the Ginerall Courte as messengers in the Towne's
behalfe to petition to the said Courte about tlie bounds and
libertyes of our Towne, it is now agreed upon by the Towne to
request Mr. Samuell Dudlev alone to goo to the saiil Generall
Courte about the aforesaide buisiness, and Mr Gillman is
freed from it.
2. It is agreed upon that Mr. Dudlev and John Legat
ilesired to compose the petition to send to the saide C'ourte.
3. Mr. Sam'll Dudley, Mr. Edw. Hilton, Thos. Petit, John
Legat, Edw. Gillman, fames Wall, Humphrey Willson,
Nicholas Leeson and Thomas Cornish, or any six of them are
made choyce of to set their hands to the aforesaid petition, in
the behalfe of the rest of the Towne, and that all the towne or
anv that please may com on the 2d day morning to the meeting
hous to liear the petition read.
Att a Towne Meeting the (!')) of the (12) mo., 1653. i*. 7M
1. It is ordered and agreed that the selectmen have power
given them by the Towne to take sume course with Captane
Wiggin about Mr. Dudley's rate, according as tliey .shall sec-
22 a<;i:kkmf.nt with kkv. samiel dtdlky.
Att a T..\vnc Mcetin<; tli (13) of the (4) mo., 1655. P. 82
It is a<jrceii upon and voated tliat the tovviieseinen of Exeter
have full p iwer granted onto them to ct^nt'erme that covenant
consarnin;4i' a dede or sale of tlie house and land that was some-
time Mr. \VlK'I\vril'.> unto Mr. Samuell DudleVi or make it
good to liim, according to a covenant wch was read to the towne
at a meetinge the ( 13 ) 4th mo., 5.i, the covenent beinge on the
leafe followingc :
These witnesseth that wlieroas the inhahetents of the Towne
of Exeter had called Mr. Samuell Dudlev to l^e their minester,
and for his vearh allowance had covenented to pay him fourtey
pounds, but finding everv yeere more and more in respect of
the towne's decieasing and other inabilityes, that the burden
wch ihev tooke upon themselves was greater than they could
well beare, and alsoe the said Sam beinge not willing to urge
tliat from them wch they could not comfortably discharge, it is
therefore, mutually agreed betweene them, from this time for-
ward. I he dav of tiie date hereof, to make nullitv of that con-
tract well is recorded in the Towne booke. And therefore, the
saide Sam., for his pte from this tvme, doth lav downe his
place ot'lieing a minester, and what exercises he shall p'forme
on the Sa'ob.ith day, to doe them as a private p'son for this
p'setit sommer. He doeth p'mise to p'forme them constantlv,
afterwards he is to be at his liberty. Bat yet soe long as he
shall continue in the Towne of Exeter, he doeth intend and
promise to be helpefuU what he may with convenience, either
in his owne house or some other wch shall be appointed for the
As for the inhalietants of the Towne of Exeter for their pte
by these p'sents they have bargained and sold unto the said
Sam. all that purchase formerly bought of Mr. Whelwrit, viz :
that dwelling house wherein the saide Sam. lives, cowhouse,
house lott an 1 meddow with the canonage and what other ap-
purtenances belong thereunto, and for the consideration of these
pr'mises, the saide Sam. doeth pay fifty pounds in manner as
Twenty pounds being halfe of the rate within this present
AGREEMENT WITTI l:KV. SAMFFJ. M'TiLKV. 23
yeere due to the said Sam. ; litteeiie pounds or tliereahouts wcli
the Tovvne is beliiud haiiil for former rates, and tifteene pounds
in respect of what labour shall he p'formed this p'sent sommer.
Furthermore, the said Sam. promiseth that when he cloeth re-
move with his famelye from the Towne to dispose of himselfe
elsewhere, to offer to the tovvne, his house, his house lott,med-
dow and what otiier accommodations he hath l)Ought of them,
at the same price of fifty pounds, to be paid in corne and Eng-
lisii goods,as is expressed in a former covenant betweene them,
or else in soiuid well conditioned, neat cattle indifferently
Provided, that this p ly be made witliin halfe a veere after
the aforesaid Sam. shall have <^iven warning of his removall.
And in case the said Sam. shall decease, they to whom the
aforesaid pr'misses shal be left shal have libertye to enjoy them
a whole yeere after antl then the towne to possesse them.
Proviiied. that pr'sent pay as al)ove expressed in kind, be
then made to them that shal have power to receive it.
Furthermore, the said Sam. doeth promise that what paines
he shall take in pr'forming Sabbathe exercises after this som-
mer to re()niie nothing of the towne. Alsoe the inlial^itents of
Exeter doe promise that what cost or charge shall be bestowetl
and laid out upon the house, lott, meadow, in building, repair-
ing, fencing or other cost by the said Sam. layd out, that be
over and above payd to the said Sam., his heires or his
assignes, as it shall be then judgeil worth by indifferent prisers
when the fyfty pounds shall be paid, and that in the same kind
ofpavment. For the consideration hereof the said Sam. hath
put to his hand for his pte, and they whose names are umler-
written being select townsemen, in tlie behalfe of the towne,
tiiis thirteenth day of June, IG.jo.
John ( ill. I. MAN,
Sa.m. Di'DLKv, Tiio Pettkt,
\\ II.I.IAM MOOI'HK
24 TOWN VOTES.
P. 86 EXETER TOWX RECORD.
Att a full towne meeting legally wanieJ, the eight day of
It was oiilercd .ukI agreed that so long as Mi'. Sam Dudley
shall continue to l)e a minester in the towne of Exeter, which
shall liee till there shall hee some just cause for him to remove,
whereof he is not to hee judge himselfe, hut other indifferent
undirstanding men, tiie feunes of the people or greater main-
tenance to be a cause, are excepted, the towne of Exeter is to
pay to the said Sam the sume of fvfty pounds yeerelv, in
nierchantat>le j^ine hoards and in meichantahle pipe staves, both
to lie ilelivered bv the water syde at the Towne of Exeter, at
the currant price as thev shall goe at when they are delivered;
ifthel)oards and staves do not reach tlie said sume the re-
mainder to lie paid in merchantable corne, the tyme of pav-
mcnt is to be twice in the veere bv equal portions, the first
pavm't is to begin at the nvne and twentveth day of Septeinber
nexicomming, the other pavm't to he made bv tiie foure and
twent\fth day "f fime next and soe from yeere to yeere.
Furtheiniore. it is ordered at the same meeting, that the
dwelling house, hose lott and other lotts, and the meadow on
the west s\(le of Exeter river, all formerlv Mr. Whelwrit's,
wth all lights and privilcdges belonging thereto and what else
was forir.erh Mi'. Whelwrit's shall be confirmed unto the said
Sam. his heiies and assignes from this time forever, not with-
standing an\ i^romise or engagement to the contrarv. Except-
ing that pece of meddow wch Ives upon Mr. Whelwrit's
Creeke, now in the saivl Sam. his possession being purchased
by him of the towne of Exeter, wch the said towne is again to
have upon the saiil Sam. Dudlev's iiis removal from the towne
or upon his decease, paying to him his heires, executors, ad-
ministrators or assines, the sum of seventeen pounds in mer-
chantatile current ])av.
Furtiiermoie, it is ordered that the selectmen of the towne
shall veerelv, as ahovesaid, gather up the said sume. and in
case they be defective herein to be answerable to the towne
for their default and to pay themselves what is not gathered up
by them. Voted.
TOWN Vf)TKS. -J.)
Att a townc meeting the 1 of May, H».07, it was ordt-icd
that John Ticl aiul Coriieliii-, Mr. Dinllcv's man, uc now ap-
pointed by the towne to looke into thi- mcd<iows and what liog
or hogi^s they shall tuid rooting upon the metldows to bring
them to the townc, tor every hog so rooting thev are to luive
eighteen pence ior their labors from ihc owners of the same,
and eighteen pence more to l)e paid to the owner of the
At a towne meeting, March 4, 16o8.
At tlie saine meeting it was ordered that Mr. Sam Dudley
and Mr. Hilton should have power to treat with Captane
\\ ig.gin, as alsoe to agree with him, what annual pavm't he is
to make to th" towne towards the bearing of ch irges for the
pubhque minestry, according as the rates are made for the
p'sent, by the saw mills and pine staves, o;- as thev shiU be
It was granted att this towne meeting (March 4, 1658) to
Sam. Dudley, that tract of lanil between GrifTin Montagues
house lott and .Mr. Stanion's Creeke, lying all oti the right
hand of the path next to the river upon consideration of draw-
ing out all the grants in the towne booke or anv other neces-
.sarie ortlers contained in the same wch grants and orders
are to be fairlv written ; provided, that if there be found any
order or grant recorded formerley in any towne booke to
hinder this grant, then this grant to Sam. Dudlev to be of no
effect, other wais to stand in force.
.March 30, 1670. I*. 102
There was granted to .Sam. Dudley ten akers of land lying
between Montague's lott and Stanion's brooke, if there be so
much to be found there.
Of this grant there is found and given out fyve akers or>
each side of Stanion's brooke.
26 TOWN VOTES.
Att a tiuvnc incelintj, the lOtli of Oct. 1664.
Tlierc was tjr.iiUed to Sam. Uiuilev that pece of laml speci-
ficil hffoie tjivcii to Mr. Rohlv, iiotwillist.indhifj all excep-
tions in tlie towne hooUe lecorded.
16th day. 3rd nio. 1643.
Mr. Tho«;. Rashlev had a grant of land between Griffin
Montague's lot and Mr. Stanion's creeke containing 14 or 16
acres excepting 2'j akers.
Oct. 10. 1664. P. 106
There was granted to Richard Brav 3ii akers adjoining to
th;it gra'it bought <A Mr. Sam. Dudley.
Att a towne meeting, the tenth of Julv, 1671. P. 116
It was ordereil tiiat whereas heretofore the selectmen of the
towne were appointe.l and bound to gather up the minister's
rate, it is from tliis tvme forward ordered and agreed upon that
Mr. Sam. Dudlev is to gather up his rate himselfe and for con-
sideration of iiis p.tines and labour, whereas his veerelv rate
."unounted to tlie sum of fyft\- pounds, formerly, there is now
gr.mted to him six'.y pounds, in such kind of pay as hath been
formerly agreed of betweene him and the tovyne, and to be paid
at such tymes as the last towne order mentione.
The selectmen are to make the sixty pound rate yeerely. and
in c .se any inhabetant sh dl refuse to ;)a\- his rate, the select-
men of the towne are to empower the said Sam DutUev to get
it by the constable. Moreoyer, at the same meeting, it was
ordered and granted that what is due oyer and aboye by way
of rale these three yeeres last past, every man being paid his
due, the overplus is to be paid to the said Sam., it was also
ordered at the same meeting, that when the rates for these three
yeeres last past are delivered up into the hands of the said Sam.
the townesmen are to be discharged of further trouble in
gathering of rates for the minester.
GILANT TO \IKV. SA.MI KL DIDLKV. "J (
Att a towMc meeting, April 29, lfi72. V. 120
It was ordered and aj^reed tliat Mr. Diidlev, Leirteiient Hall
and [oliu Gilnian shall and have ful pcnver to treat and agree
witii Hampton men. and to issue al differences that are or
may l)e hetweene the inhahetents of Hampton and Exeter,
concerning lande. \'otcd.
Att a lovvne meeting the thjrtyeth day ot" March, IG74. I*. 12-^
There was granted to Sam. Dudley six hundred akers of land
for a farme to be layeil out where he sliall tind a place con-
vinient anvwhere he shall make choice of; provided, it be
within the space of two miles distant froin the towne, which is
to be understooil from the meeting liouse.
Att a towne meeting, upon the nvne and twentveth day of
The six hundred acres of land granted l<> Mr. Dudley by the
towne measurers Lieftenant and William Moie, is laved out
and bounded as toUoweth :
From the great hill upon the South syde of Picpocket begin-
ninge at a tree marked on the stump and from that tree joyn-
inge to Hampton line West and bv North runing to a brooke
or little liver one mvle aiul a halfe, wlu.-re there are several
trees marked by the saide rivers syde; from thence beinge
bounded by the saide river twelve score rod, North by the said
river thence four hundred and fourtev rfxl Jilast and by South,
where there is both a twin hemlock and a single hemlock
marked, neere unto John Folsome, Senior's, planting field.
In which compasse there is contained fourscore and ten
acres, above six huiulred. For this reason, that what land shal
appear legally to be John Folsome, Senior, either granteil to
himselfe or to any other within the saiil compasse from whom
he can claime just right and title from, may be allowed unto
him, if otherwise, the over))lus of the six hundred acres is to
be thrown up again to the towne, on that syde next to
28 KXr.TEU GRANTS.
Att a towne mcliii};, llic 7tli of IVliiuaiv (lti80.) P. 128.
It w.jN oidcrtul tliat wlit-roas the minister's rate was to lie
nai<i at or before the l\vent\eth riay of April 1, upon some
ic.tson seemini; tjood to the freeman, it is now ordered tVom
lienccfoui til it shall he paid in ;it or before the twentycth day
There was grante<l to Mr. Diidlev on the Northwest syde of
his <iwellin<:^ house, on the iiack svdc of his pasture next his
hou>e, twentv akers of land, or as much as mav be found there
if not all the said quantilv ; not invaiiin^^ on any man's
riu'se twentv akers are bounded as foUoweth : Heginninj^
at a white oake above his house upon the hill, and soe froiii
thence runiiifj upon a Northwest Ivne to a jjreat hemlock
marked upon foure sydes. from thence upon a Northeast lyn,'
t<) a white oake marked as abovesaid, and from thence on a
Soutiieast Ivne to a jjreat hemlock maiked as al)Ove and soe but-
tin.^ upon the beds of the lott'^.
The town measurers biMnij Leftenant Hall, Moses Levit.
It is alsoe ortlered at the same meetinor, March 11. 1678, that
Jonathan Thinij: i'- put in the roomc of Ensigne Moore, with
Mr. r)udlev and Leiftenant Hall, tor the equal di>tribution of
lan(U, to such as had none when the great lotts were granted.
Feb. -21, ir.NO. P. 147
Tliere was a gr.ant to John Sincler of land neere the mo^t
swamp formerly called Mr. Dudlev's.
From Bell's Hist, of Exeter, P. 1C8.
"In the year U'80 the town passed out of the jurisdiction of
Mas.vjchusetts, under me newlv established roval provincial
government of New Hampshire. The most notable effect
which the change produced in parochial affairs was to make
the minister's rent payable on the twentieth of March, instead
of one month later, as before."
\IKV. SAMI'KI. DrDI.KV S IMtniTUTY.
'Php: Ciiaikm.w : ''The Rev. Saimicl Diullcy, l)CMn<i :i wise
ni;in, took land, or aiiv other commodity in return lor his ser-
vices, his salarv reminding one of Goldsmitli's couplet :
A man he was to all the country dear,
And passing rich, with foitv pounds a year,
which shows that in Old Englantl and New England clerical
stipend was ahout the same at that period. One point
especialK interesting is t!iat one \ear they gave Mr. niidky a
little more pay, provided he would collect it himself.
Miss O'Hara then read part of the
Inventory of Rev. Samuel Dudley's l^roperty
A rHUK and perfect inventory of all and singular, ye goods
and chattels and estate (as they were given unto us whose
names are underscribed ) of Mr. Sam'll Dutliey, sen., deceased
Fehruary 10th, 1C82-3 and apprised as followelh :
L. S. D.
Imprs in ye Parlor, 1 feather Ijed, 1 holster &
1 bedstead 03 00 00
It, in ye chamber, 1 fether bed, 1 bolster, rug,
1 sheet, 2 blanketts & 1 bedstead 0-3 00 00
It, 1 flock bed. 2 feather bolsters, rug, 1
blankett & 1 bedstead 01 10 00
It, 1 tether bolster & 1 blankett 01 dl 00
It, 2 flock beds, 1 rug, 1 pillow .^ 1 bedstead .01 10 00
It, his wearing apparel 1 Oo 12 00
It, his 1 ands & gloves 00 1 :; 00
It, 13 paires of sheets <'.') l.s 00
It, 1 paire more OO ()'.> 00
It, 4 table clothes 00 OI) 00
It, 18 napkins at 18 S. & 20 ditto at 10 S. . . .01 08 00
It, 18 pillowbers 00 19 00
It, 10 towells 00 0/-. 00
It, chests & other lumber in ye chambers . . . 00 i .'» 00
,^0 RKV. SAMrKL DUDLKY's PROPERTY.
Samuel Dudley's Inn.
It. f> cii<;hions 6 S. <fe 1 lanthorne 3 S 00
It. 1 sa^lfile 1 S. & 1 pillion 5 S 00
It. shfK>s & stockincjs 00
It, 1 fethcr heH, 1 pr. ciirtaines & vallences, 5
hlankett<;, 1 sheet, 1 holster Sc 1 pillow . .07
It, 17 hookcs 02
It, 2 chists 10 S. & 2 tables 10 .S 01
It, 2 forms 6 S. & « chaires 10 S 06
It, 1 hourglass, looking glass & box iron 00
It, 1 fire shovel 1 ik. tongues 00
It, 1 pre. bellows 00
It, 4 silver spoons & silver porringer 03
It, 8 tin pans Sc other tining ware 00
It, 1 chest trays (It tubs in ye seller 02
It, I chccz press i^ other loniber .01
It, pewter 03
It, ;i brass kettles 03
It, 3 brass skilletts 00
It, 3 itoii |->otts it iron kettle 00
It. 3 tranisolls e't 1 ^killcU 00
It, 1 trying pan, 2 s|1itt>^, 1 gridiron iS: 1 tlesh
It. ve ilwelling lumse 40
It. 1 barnc \; «ihcep liouse 14
It. I carte. whecU. boxes Os: hoops 00
It. 1 wanning pan ... 00
It. 1 plow iS: irons vt other tackling 00
It. two oxen 08
It, twv'* steers Oo
1 1 , 7 cows vt I heifer 16
It. 1 hoiter. 3 steers & 1 bull 3 years old 07
It. 4 yearlings 03
It, 1 matf 30 S. vt 1 caHc o S 01
It, 2 canoes .01
It. 8 hog^. S lb., and 10 hogs. 5 lb IS
It, 20 sheep, at ."> S. peice 05
REV. SAMUEL IXDLFA-'s I'ROrEUTY. 31
It, 1 fowling peice 01 10 00
It, ye home lott being 15 acres at 3 lb. pr. acre. 45 00 00
It, ye sheep pasture, 35 acres, at 30 S. pr. acre.. '2 10 00
It, 25 acres of marsh at 4 lb. per acre 100 ('0 00
It, 10 acres of flats, at 3 lb. per acre 30 00 00
It, ye great pasture 6 acres, at 12 S. per acre. .36 00 00
It. 80 acres of land lying at ye heads of ye
aforesaid lotts 20 00 00
It. 600 acres of land neere to pickpockett, at
5 S. an acre 150 00 00
It, 2 cows (S: other goods in Moses Leavit's
hands 10 02 06
It, 2 cows & other goods in Sam'll Hardy's
hands 07 00 00
It, 2 cows & other goods in Kinsley Hall's
hands 04 05 00
It, to Biley Dudley 1000 of board navies & 1
hog 01 O.o 00
It, for Thomas Dudley's dyett 04 00 00
It, to wintering Theop. Dudley's hors 00 10 00
It, to one silver beaker 03 00 00
It, 1 silver spoon at Sam'll Hardy's 00 08 00
It, for grass to Biley Dudley 00 15 00
Robert R. Smart, Apprisors,
Witness to ye hands of ye apprisors,
U. V. .Smith,
Theophilus Dudley, to whom administration was granted of
the above estate, was sworn before the Governor and Counsell
that this is a true inventory thereof and ingaged to bring in a
further inventory if more shall come to hand.
32 INTRODUCTION OF MISS DUDLEY.
March 3, 1682.
Bv fudcr R. CuAMUKHT.AiN, C'k of ye Counsell.
To the Rifjht Honerabell Edward Cranfield, Esquire &
Governor of New Hampshire,
Sir : — Tlies are to acquaint vour Honer that I, EHzal)eth
[)u(llev. Liite wife of Mr. Samuell Dudley, deceased, have
agreed witli tlie cliilchen of the said Dudley for my dowery ;
allso to acquaint xdui" Honer tliat I doe refuse to administer
and therfore I iloe leave it to my sonn-in-law Theophilus
Sir, vours however to serve to niv power,
March 1st, 16H-_'-3, witness niv hand and seal,
Mrs. Elizabeth Dudlev ownes this al)ove to be her acte and
dcile this 2d of March, 1G82-.3, before me,
John Gh.lman of the Counsell.
CHAIRM.W : We may say of the Rev. Samuel Dudley what
is often said of the Puritan Colonists, that thev married early
Some items in tnis inventorv partlv form the basis of the
paper we are next to hear. Last year one of our most attrac-
tive speakers was Mrs. Orinda Dudley Hoinbrooke, a gifted
kinswoman, who is doin^j s> distinguished a work, which may
be called art-philanthropic, in lecturing most wiselv here and
there, nil Birds and i^onnets. ;uui tlierebv we.uiing many women
from their destructive use of feathers for onia nental purposes.
When we heard of a certiin Miss Dudlev, in the New Hamp-
shire ca]i:tal, we at first thought her name must be Orinda.
Then wc d-cided it was (^riana, and so misprinted it on the
invitation circulars; but really her name is Ariana, — a name,
Mr. Perry tells me, borrowed from the Bohemian. It is but
right that we otVer Miss Ariana an apology for the blunder, and
assure you that she is not a bit airy, but a Yankee woman of
as sound flesh and blood as she manipulates in her pursuit of
the Munroe medical practice She has been delving in the
It -f 'i-^
THE N cl W ' i '■_' f\ i''^
i PUBLIC LIBRARY.
ASTOR. LtNOX Ar;C
SAMfKL I)ri>I,KY's THRI'tF, WIVKS. 83
eaitli for facts roj^ai . l'm<^ the wives of the Rev. Samuel. In
t!ie Morrill parlor the other day I saw an aiicietU letter, written
by some Puritan younpj man to the father of a <jirl he wished to
marry. Whether the Rev. Samuel pioi)osc(l to either of hit
three wives by proxy we do not know, i)ut such facts as can be
learned about them will now be presented.
Samue! Dudley's Three Wives.
\ l'.\yE\<. IIY .Ml-*S AlCIANA S. Dl-KI.KT.
A/r. Prcsidctit and Af embers of the Dudley Family
" And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of
the people and their otKcers sayinj^, ^'e shall no more ^ive the
people straw to make brick as heretofore ; let them <4o and
feather straw for themselves. Ami the tale of the bricks which
they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them." When I
entered on my biographical researches for the wives of the
Reverend Sainuel Dudlew I began to appreciate the woes of
the chiUlren of Israel and to feel that my task was not unlike
theirs — a feeling tliat increased as I was forced to realize that
there was no exact record of the birth of anyone of these
women, the dates of their several marriages could r)idy be
approximated, and all mention of their names was merely
incidental and well-nigh characterless.
But the children of Israel ran away and I w.is about to imi-
tate the precedent thus established when the postman one tlay
handed me an envelope bearing the Dudley coat of arms. I
opened it and read that my task was assigned. Retreat was
impossible now. The Red Sea had rolled back and left me on
the hither side. However, if science is riglit, anil the indivichial
character is largely determined by heredity and environment,
we may hope to get from the family history and surrounding*
reliable sidelights on the character of these women, if we are
not permitted full portraiture.
The first wife of the Reverend Samuel Dudlev was Mary,
daughter of John Winthrop, first governor u\ M.i^sachusctts
34 MAKY WINTHROl- DUDLEY.
Tlie name Wiiithrop mav he traced for at least six centuries
and a half. The English home of the Winthmp'. was at Groton.
Suffolk County, anti there mav still be seen the old cliurch in
\vhicii they worshipped. In his Life and Letters of John
Winthrop, Robert C. Winthrop says, " There, in the old
parish register, I found the date of the death of the heacl of the
family in 16:^2. There, too, was the tomb in which the father,
the grandfather, and possibly the great grandfather of the Hrst
emigrant to New England had been successively buried, bear-
ing an inscription in Latin now almost illegible." Enough
could be decipheretl, however, to verifv an ancient copv. Mr.
Winthrop also visitetl the site of the old familv mansion, of
which he says, " Not one stone was left upon another of the
house in which John Winthrop, Governor of Massachusetts,
and his son John Winthrop, Governor of Connecticut, had
both lived, and beneath whose roof were prepared and pondered
the memorable ' Conclusions ' which determined them to quit
their native soil." It is ascertained from the diary of his father
that John Winthroj) was a member of Trinitv College, Cam-
bridge, two years ; but his career there was brought to a prema-
ture close in 1604, probablv bv his marriage with Marv F'>rth,
daughter of John Forth of Great Staml)ridge, Es.sex, when
Winthrop was but seventeen vcars old. " John Winthrop
wrote of his wife Mary that she was a ' right Godlv woman,'
but there are no letters of hers among the family papers to
indicate her character and traits save one little note addressed
to her ' sweet husband,' and of interest onlv because it was
treasured by her son John, but her children have risen up and
called her ble»sed."
John Winthrop was characterized bv his sincere pietv, single-
ness of heart, and the loftv motives and principles which
governed his conduct.
In lier life of Margaret Winthiop in the series. Women of
Colonial and Revolutionary Times^ Mrs. Earle says, " John
Milton has been held bv many to be the noblest tvpe of a Puri-
tan. I think that John Winthrop, as seen both in his public
career and his domestic life, in deeds a> well as words, is a far
MARV wiNTunoi' Drm.Kv. 35
nobler personification of the essential spirit and flower of
Of such parentaj^e was !)i>rii, about the year 1G12, Mary
Winthrop, the suliject of our sketch.
It is logical to grant that she inhcriteil the sterling cjualitie*
of her ancestors, and her training and surroundings tended to
In December of IGl.'), Winthrop married a second wife,
Thomasine Clopton, daughter of William Clopton, Esq., of
Castleins, a seat near Groton, a famous familv. She lived l)ut
one year, and Winthrop in extolling her many virtues, savs,
" Her loving and tender care of my children was such as might
become a natural mother." In the touching death bed scene of
this wite he says, '' Then she calleil my children and blessed
them severally, and would needs have Mary brought that she
might kiss her, which she diil." In the Life and Letters of
John Winthrop aforementioned, I (ind but one other reference
to Mary. In Winthrop's will, made in 1620, there occurs the
following clause, " Item, for Mary mv daughter, I will that my
executor shall pay her grandfather Forth his legacy of two hun-
dred and forty pounds to be paid her at her age of eighteen
years, and withal I do commit her to the care of my executors
to be well and Christianly educated with such goods as I shall
kave unto them." A noble provision for a daughter when we
consider that it was made nearly three hundred years agrj.
The diary of John Winthrop's father, Ailam Winthrop,
records minor details of the infancy of John Winthtop, Junior,
in whom he manifestly takes great pride, but I fiiul no mention
of Mary. In the Life and Letters of John Winthrop^ already
referred to, much correspondence between father and son is
quoted, and it is said the former " gave great attention to the
education of his sons, and money without ^tinr," but the few
lines already quoted cover all reference U* .Mary. I take this,
however, as no evidence that Mary was less gifted than her
brothers. The opinion expresseil by Mr. Tulliver that "a
clever woman is like a long-tailed sheep, none the belter for
that," was well-nigh universal in those days. Indeed, I judge
from the following extract from her father's writinKs some
36 MAI-.Y WINTnROV DUDLEY.
years Liter, that if Mary had shown evidence of any but domes-
tic gifts she would have received Httle encouracremcnt from him.
He says, " Tlie Governor of Hartford upon Connecticut came
to Boston and hrou<^ht his wife with him (a Godiv young
woman and of s])ecial parts) who was fallen into a sad infirmity,
the loss of her understanding and reason, which had been grow-
ing upon her divers vears hv occasion of her giving herself
wholly to reading and writing, and had written manv books.
Her husband, being very loving and tender of her, was loath
to grieve her, but he saw his error when it was too late. For
if she liad attended to her iiousehold affairs and such things as
belong to women, and not gone out of her wav and calling to
meddle with such things as are proper for men whose minds
are stronger, she liad kept her wits, and might have improveti
them usefullv and honorably in the place God had set her."
In 16 IH Winthrop married a third wife, Margaret, daughter
of Sir John Tvndale, of Great Maplestead in Essex Countv, and
this is the woman whom John Winthrop's children must have
best known as mother, the Margaret Winthrop of Mrs. Earle's
volume. Slic ches in 1647 and her husband's journal contains
this entry at her death, " A woman of singular virtue, modesty
and pietv, and specially beloved and honored of the country."
In ir'29 Winthrop resigned the position of *' Attorne}' of
the Court of Wards and Liveries." His biographer savs : " His
opposition to the course of the Government at this period, and
his manifest sympathy with those who were suffering under its
unjust exactions and proscriptions, may have cost him his place ;
or he may have resigned it voluntarily, in view of the new plans
of life which more than one of his letters would seem to indi-
cate he was contemplating.'" He was chosen Governor of
the Massachusetts Company. October 20, 1629.
Mary Winthrop came to this country with her brother, John
Winthrop, Junioi, in 16^1, at the age of nineteen.
On the main street, now Washington Street, near the site of
the Old South Church, lived Governor Winthrop. " We may
be sure the structure was a plain one, for we recall the Gov-
ernor's rebuke to Thomas Dudley for his over luxurious dwell-
ing." The house contained only six rooms, with lofts and
MARY \VISTIII:<>1' 1)1 HI.KA . 37
garrets, t)iit must have l)een faiilv conimoiiioiis, for vvc hear nf
large gatherings heing held in it "It stood until Revolu-
tionary times, Dccnpieci, from Reverenil folui Norton's ilay, J)y
the Old South Church as a pnrsonagc, and its fate wis to be
destroyed for firewood hv British soldiers."
To quote again from Mrs. E.irle's Margaret VVinlhrop:
" That her life in Boston was an active, lahorious, over-Hllcil
life, we cannot iloubt, — so crowded with manifold an<l varied
household duties, similar to her housewifcrv in Iilngland, that
but few hours were left for what we should term pleasure*
She also had many cares owing to her husband's office; for he
apparently not only held the court in his hou.se, but he also
entertained the deputies, anil all visitors were welcomed with
simple dignitv and hospitalitv to his home."
In this Puritan household, with its plain living and high
thinking, the eldest daughter, Marv, could have had no incon-
siderable part, nor can we doubt that she was a bright and
shining light therein. That important element of <lailv lile,
domestic service, was well piovided for in the colonies from the
earliest days. Winthrop tells of the large number of servants
he '■'■ took with him to keep up his proper a[)pearance in his
station of life " Mary DuiUey's trouble to procure servants,
referreil to in her correspondence later, was due to the fact that
she lived outsitle the large towns, — servants then, as now, having
an aversion to leaving the Hub.
In her Boston home Mary Winthrop was surrounded by the
best minds of the Colony. Of the forty or fifty Cambriiige and
Oxford men who were in Massachusetts up to the vear 163y.
Mr. Dexter says that one-hall were situated within five miles of
Boston or Cambridge. Among these were [ohn Harvard.
Henry Dunster, first president of Harvanl College, ami Kogcr
Williams Among these, too. were many old friencN, many
who had lived near them in their English home; Reverend
George Piiillips, of Watertown ; Reverend .Nathaniel Roger*.
Reverend John Eiske, John Sherman, IC/ekiel Rogers, and
Nathaniel Ward. These men and their wivis could not fail to
form an intellectual and congenial social circle.
In 1633 Mary Winthrop was married to the Reverend
38 MARY WINTHHOr Dl'DLEY.
Samuel Dudley, lint I find nowhere anv reference to the court-
ship or weddin;^, and there is even an uncertainty as to the date.
The}- li\ed successively at Cambridi^e. Ipswich, and Salisbury.
Mary Winthrop Dudley died April 12, 164:3, at Salisbury, at
the birth of her son Samuel, who died five davs later. So sav
the Salisbury records. vShe is buried in tin- old burying ground
at Salisbury, on the road to the beach. Of her five chililren,
four died young. Ann married Colonel Ed^vard Hilton of
Exeter, and was mother of Colonel Winlhrop Hilton, a dis-
tinguished soldier of the Indian wars.
Seven letters, written by Mary Dudley, were found an^.ong tlie
Winthrop papers and are printed in the fust volume of the Fifth
Series of the Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections.
Of these letters one is written to her brother and is inscribed
To my Deare and Loueing Brother, Mr. John Winthrop of
Boston, give this.
Deak and Lol'Eing Bkothfr : My loue lemcnibered to
yourselle and my deare sister. I am sorrv that I shall not se
you takf your journey to Coneticott, but I wish \ ou a prosper-
ous viage. I giue you man\ thanks for your many token> that
you sent me, which will doe me great pleasure, being I had
but a little sugar ith (in the) house. And remember mv duty
to my father and mother, and pray thanke my father tor mv
parsnips, and pray my mother to send me as much cloth as will
make John three shirtes, and that as vou write about John
Davis I haue sent to him to do it. So haueing nothing more to
say I rest
Your truly loueing sister,
Ipswich, February 26, (1635-6). Mary Dudley.
The other letters are written to her step-mother, Margaret
Winthrop, and one bears the superscription :
To my very deare and loueing mother, Mrs. Winthrop, give
this at Boston, I pray.
Deare Mother : After my bounden duty. I still continue
to be a troublesome suter to you, in the behalfe of a mavd. I
should hardly haue made so bold to iterate my request, but such
MAI'.V WISTIH'.ol' I•|■I)I,I^^. 39
is mv ncccssitv tli it I am toicfd to ciaiu- voui lirlp hearcin at
speediK as mav l)c, inv mav«l l>ciii<4 to ;^i> awa\ vpou Mavd.u,
an<l I am like to lie altoijethcr tlcstituti-. I cannot j^ct her If)
sta\ a month loiif^cr; ami I am so ill and weak that I am like
to be put to tjreat straits if" 1 cannf»t jjet one hv youi means I
doe not doiiht of vonr care heaiein, luit Mt I make hold to put
voii in mind, lest \ ou should conceiiic mv need to he iessc than
it is. My hnsband ih williny to stand to what \ on shall thinke
meet to <;iiie. 1 ilesite to have mv dutv ai\d thankfnllne«.sc
presented to my tather foi the wheat he sent me h\ the pinace.
I haue not vet receiued it, hut h\ mv lettei I perceiue there is
some for me.
I intreut you would he pleased to semi those thiiv^cs that I
formerly writ von. 1 am ashamed of my holdness in this anvl
other requests, but the constant experience ol your lone and
bounty to me makes me still presume on your favor.
I desire the mavd that vou provide me may be one that hath
been used to all kind of work and must refuse none. If she
haue skill in a davrie 1 shall be the jjlatMer. My children are
well, and my husband, who ilesires to haue his tluty and service
presented to my father and you. Thu> intrcatiuK your accept-
ance of these scril'bled lines, I humbly take my leane
Your dutiful! daughter,
April 28, (163G). M.\n\ niDi.KY.
The other letters are similar in tone. Here are discl<<seil to
us the perplexities of the mother and housekeeper, in a new
countrv and under trying circumstances.
On one occasion, after asking her mother to semi her variout
household articles and small wares, she says, '• Dwelling so
farre from ve Bay makes mc ye oftencr troublesome to you, but
mv api).)logie is needlesse." Again she says, " I desiie your
pra\ers ami my father's for me, yt (iod would deal mercyfully
with me as I haue had experence of his goodncs,se towards me."
Each letter reveals to us an ideal devotion to her husband and
children and the highest regard for her father's family,
especially for her stei'mother. An affectionate trust is apparent
between them, hardly to be excelleil had they been united by
40 THE SKCONI) MHS. DUDLEY.
ties of blood. Brief as these letters are and of necessity con-
fined to the exigences of her daily life, thev are vet our best
avenues to the acquaintance of Mary Dudley; and, althoufjh
she little dreamed that she was putting; herself on record for
future generations in these scribbled lines as she herself calls
them, yet well and admirably does she stand the test. There
is nowhere a murmur or an impatient word, but a heroism and
a trust in God meet to stand beside the men of those times, and
fully justifying the beauty and grace of character which tiadi-
tion has accorded to her.
The Reverend Samuel Dudlev soon took unto himself a
second wife, Mary Biley, who came to New England in 1638,
at the age of twenty-two, on the sliip Bevis. She accompanied
her l)rother Henry, who was, together with Mr. Dudlev, one
of the twelve incorj:)orators of the town. Of these twelve men
Henry Biley was one of the two who lived and died there.
Mary Biley's grandfather was Henry Biley, (icntleman of New
Sarum, County of Wilts, England. He owned tanneries and
did an extensive business. The family was one of importance.
His will, madf in 1633, and proved the following vear, shows
him to be a man of means, and furnishes very quaint and inter-
esting reading withal. I quote the bequests made to his grand-
children, Henry and Mary Biley.
" To my grandson, Henry Biley, ten pounds in monev and
my bedstead, and one of my great chests, and mv >quare table
board, and my cuplioard which are in my great chamber; and
my cupboard in m\ hall and the cupboard and table board in
my kitchen, and one of my silver beakers, and mv biggest brass
pot save one which is to the Lvmbuke, and mv biggest biass
kettle, and my second tyled house, standing in the row bv the
corn market, next to the ' pillory,' and all mv vats, etc., etc.,
in and about my tan house, etc.
" To my granddaughter, Mary Bilev, t<. n pounds and a silver
beaker." There are numerous other legacies, and two churches
and the parish poor are remembered.
As to Mary herself there is no record beyond the bald state-
ment that she married the Reverend Samuel Dudlev and had
probably five children and died in 1651, about a year after their
THK SKCOND MUS. IMKM.V. 41
removal U> I^xttcr. It almost scenis straiij;r perhnps that nci
record ol churcli or town, no tradition, lu) private corrcspon*!-
ence preserved to this date sh'.idd mnke any mtntionof the
wife cf the man confessedly the ahk-Nt in the settlement and the
chief promoter of its interests; hut a j^lance at the first list of
church members, now available, will show how little indivi«hi-
alitv was conceded to women in those davs. It reads: '* Mrs.
Cair, widow; Mrs Carr, William's wife ; Jonathan Eastman'*
wife," and so on. In the absence of all proof to the contrary,
I ^l;all assume that Mary Biley Dudlev was a woman of noble
c]ualities and superior gifts, but the record thereof mi^ht as
well have been written on the Salisbury sandN.
Mr. jolm (^. Evans, a citizen of Salisburv who h.is <jiven
much attention to the early historv of the town, writes in answer
to mv in([uiries concerinij the IVilev family: "Her brother"
(Mr. Ilcnrv Biley) ''must Iiave !>ecn ;i man of esteem. His
widow UKniicd lohii Hall, a prominent townsman; and later,
the Reverend William W(<ice>»ter, the first mini>ter of the
town ; and for her fourth husband. Deputy Governor S) monds
of Ipswich, which all ijoes to show the high social standing of
the family. Likewise, Mr. Biley's two chiUlren were placed
in charge of Mr. I'att and Major Robert l*ike. the two most
influential and wealthy men of the town, as guartlians."
Mary Biley died in 165), al*out a year after they went to
A year later, Mr. Dudlev married his thinl wife. All search
for her family name has thus far been fruitless. I'eiluips some
forgotten letter or journal in some remote g;irret m:iy yet be
discovered which will reveal the secret.
The sources of the history of Exeter are as l>:irren of any in-
formation regarding Elizabeth as were the same document* in
Salisbury of Mary Biley's nami-, save only that the Register of
Deeds at Exetei' contains an instiunient fded in 16>2, bearing
Elizabeth Dudley's signature. It is her declination to serve as
executor of her deceased husband's estate, in which she recom-
mends that her son Thcophilus Dudley, be appointed to serve
in her stead. One of her descendants writes, " I am so ghd
Elizabeth could write; so few women of that day could." In
42 TUF. TIIIHT) Mi;s. ItlDLKY.
the same legister may also be found a deed convevinis; a certain
tract of l.Mul, fifty acres in extent, on the Kingston road in
Exeter, from the children of Mr. Samuel Dudley to Mr. Moses
Leavitt. in consideration of his support of their mother.
Mrs. Dudley was living at tint time, .\lav 1702, twentv years
alter her husband's death, with hrr daui^hter Dorothv, wife of
Moses Leavitt, ancestor of Dudlcv Lt-avitt the famous almanac
This is the last mention of ICli/.abeth Dutllev, extant, as far
as known. It seems leijitimate to conclude that Elizalieth
Dudley was of Puritan ancestry, and was a young woman when
slic united her fortunes with those of the Reverend Samuel
Dudley. Tlure is alnmdant evidence from contemporaneous
history that her lot was cast in tryin^^ times. A family of small
children awaited her ministrations, to wiiich. in the course of
years, eight m< re were added The position of a countrv
cleroynian's wife, even at this day no sinecure, must have been
in those days one of great hardship and self-sacritice. The
hist('ry of Exeter during these \ears shows with what difKcultv
the minister's salary was raised, and with what great effort on
his part public worship was su.stained. It is stated that at one
time he voluntarily consented to a reduction of his salarv, al-
though it was then onlv forty poimds. To this act of generosity
it seeuis fair to assume that Elizabeth gave full support, as she
would certainly fullv share the privation it involved. Her op-
portunities to display fortitude and heroism were not less than
those of her two predecessors ; and the subsequent careers of her
children justify the belief that she too was a noble \\ oman, and
a worlhv wife and mother, entitled, as were the\' all, to our
love and veneration.
The distinguished naturalist who could construct the animal
from a single bone had one advantage o\er any persons who
attempts to portray the characters of any one of these women
— he did have the single bone, liut I have one advantage over
him. If he shoidd blunder he might be confronted with a
living specimen and thus be brought to confusion. But if my
deductons are false neither living specimen nor evidence can
be produced to confouml me.
TFIE I'.r.CISTRAIl's UEl'ORT. 43
Cn.\ii!N!.\\ : It \\i> WOK.- (Iclifjhtfd with Min ()riiKla a year
a^d, wc have now fouiid thi- same himiiir<>iis vein riinnitiK
throuj^'h Miss Ariaiia's papci.
After remark iii;4 that the ollice of Iie<:;i.strai was newly
created hist ^ear, und its duties left to l)e defined l»v the
iiicoiniiig l)oard, Seeretary Williams read
The Re.ii:istrar'5 Report
I!y Mi;s. Ui iii.i.v Hi: \ miu.k.
The Rc^i^tiar has tlie honor to report a memltership of one
lumdred and forty, nine members havinrj joine«l the Associa-
tion since the Annual Meeting 1896: Franklin IJ. Williams,
Roxbury, Mass. ; Miss Eleanor Shaw Griswold, New Lon-
don, Conn. ; Rev. C. E. Ilarwood. Cranl)nr\- Isle, Me. ;
Josiah R. RoImiisoii, Ilardwick, Mass.; Miss K. N. I)iJ;ev,
E. Somcrvillo, Mass; J. Appleton Wilson, Raltimore, Md. ;
Mrs. Clara E. Dudley Hothel, Decatm-, 111.; Mrs. Marjjaret
C. Cole, Boston, Mass ; Mrs. Martha T. Fiske, Hrookiine,
Three members have departed this life during the past year :
Mrs. Abl)ie Weld Dudley, James F. Dudley, Mrs. Olivia
Twenty-seven application blanks have been sent <Mit, .kioh-
panied in every instance with a Circular of Information.
Nine of these circulars have been sent to persons known to be
eligible to membership, though they had not applicti for
papers. It will be remembered that the otlice of Registrar
was first created at the annual meeting of this Associ.ition last
year. Soon after this all the tilled-out application pa[)ers
which had l)een received bv vour .Secretary were forwai ded
bv him to the Registrar. These numbered at that time sixty-
six. A few more returns have been receiveil, l>iit seventy
papers are 'lot accounted for, acconling to the list furni.shcti
bv the .Secretarv. The Registrar, therefore, le-spcclfuily re-
44 TllK MK(;1STKA1:"S );El'OItT.
quests those who have not filled out their blanks to do so as
o.ulv as possiiilc. that thev niav lie tiled, with the others, in
the Arcliivcs of the societv. The importance of this is obvius.
Probalilv there are those who have not time to g^ive to trace
^eneaio^v, or fill out their application papers, even though
tliey niav have ancestral laniilv records in their possession.
To all such I will here sta'e that the Secrctarv of the New
London, Conn., Historical Society will, for a reasonable
compensation, do anv work of the kind; and correspondence
with him can be held through vour Registrar, who will also
aid in the work, so far as her time will jDcrmit.
1 wish to make the statement to this Association that the
rule admitting husbands and w ives of descendants of Governor
Thomas Dudley as members of this Association is very much
criticised, and by thinking persor.s is thought to be a grave
mistake, as in time it will be liable to change the triie charac-
ter of the society, and make it entirelv different from what it
should be. Manv argue that, it this be allowed, collateral>
also should be admitted. I wish to say that, according to my
own observation, this rule is an obstacle to the society's wel-
fare, and is not in conformitv with the rules of similar associ-
ations. Right here I wish to state a case which proves the
inconsi.stencv of this rule. A lailv has applied for admission
to om" society, who is a zvidozv of a man who "X'as a descendant
of Governor Thomas Dudle\ . Her husband died in 188S, a
few years before this ^ociety was organized. As no chiUlren
are mentioned, it is presumed that there are none. No action
has been taken by your Registrar in this peculiar case, and
will not be, until instructions are received from the Board of
Qjiestions about the insignia of our Association are fie-
quently put to your Registrar. Most persons express the idea
that this society cannot be of much importance if it has no
insignia. Certainly this is a societv of importance, ranking
with other societies representing the founders of this great
Republic. In this I think you will all agree; and it is hoped
that some action will soon be taken in this direction.
One othei point. The oHicc of Kr|_ristiar iH-int^ new in our
Association, there is no hy-law with ti-fercncc to it. \"oui
Kegistiar would recouiinend that a new hv-hiw he adopted,
(letlninu' thr duti. s ot Ki-<^i.sti ar, and that this he prii\ted on
slips, convenient tor accoinpatu in^j each application |>apei,
that all may understand fully the <iutics of hoth applicant and
Ref^isttar. ReMiectfully suhniitted,
CaIHEHINK a. Hii.! [;v Ult \MllI.li.
New London, Conn., Oct 16, 18'J7.
NoiE. — If luisbancU and wives of clcseuiidaiits caiu.ot belong to
our Association, it wonhl place us in this dilenuna, tliat sons and
daughters can he members by descent tbrouKli oni- panmt, wliilo the
other parent (father or mother as tlie ca.s(! may he) is denied that
privilege; for certainly we would not adopt a " law .Sali<pi.'," and
cut olT all from our communiiui, the descendants from our fore
motlii'rs as well as our fori'fatlifrs.
CuAlim.w : L.ist vear we liad a report from .Miss isones, our
Historian, which dii! not arrive earlv enough for proper leadinj;.
Almost the same thing has happeneil this veai, our llistorian'.s
excellent paper not reaciiing us till last evening. Miss Koues
is now fully satisfied that she clearly sees the connection of
Tliomas Dudlev with George Washington and Roger Williams,
two of our greatest men We t egret that she is imahlc to he
with us this evening; luit von will he glad to know that \.u\
long ago Miss Koues won a prize, offered l)y the Dangliteis of
the Revolution for a historic essay. Iler report will he rea.l
by Miss O'Maia, to whom (jur .Association is already so much
indebted, and in so many ways.
Report of Historian.
Ladies and (tentlcmcn of the Dudley Assai iatinri.
As again we come together to celebrate oui ancestor, and to
enjoy a social hour in each other's coinpany, I conn before
you, report in hand, to have a chat with you on matters inter-
46 THE iiistortan's report.
esting to lis. I fear you will tliink mc given over to looking at
niv obligations to vou from onlv one point of view — the
genealogical point — for I am still on that path. Since our
hirthfla\' in 1S92, it has seemed to me that the first imperative
obligation of the Association was to investigate and clear up, if
possible, — and I am sure it is possible— the matter of Gov-
ernor Thomas Dudley's anccstrv, to find his e.xact place in the
great Dudley family of England, to which he and his children
claimed to belong. Later, when the Association decided
to have a Life of Governor Thomas written, that obliga-
ticin seemed to mc even more imperative; for, the connecting
link not being foinid and the Life published without it, the
omission would stand against us alwavs. Surely we would
regret that, and I sincerely hope that the Association will feel
with me that the publication of the Life should be post-
poned mitil this important point is settled. During this last
year I have devoted mucii time to research in this matter, and I
havL' a strong conviction that the searcliing has not been in vain.
I take great satisfaction in being able to trace a new Sutton-
Dudley line, evidently the line of a younger son of the first or
second .'button, Huron Duilley. This line seems to have escaped
the keen eve of Mr. Dean Dudley, which is passing strange.
It conies down to 1546; and consequentlv there remains some
work yet to be done to prove or disprove it, as in the line of
(jovernor Thomas; Init, having a definite point from which to
work, neither the time nor the nionev required for the search
should, ! think, be very great; and I would certainly like to be
authorized by the Association to open correspondence with
competent people in England, with a view of having their
assistance to carry on the search. It", on examination of the
Pedigrees already fouml the Association should think it well
to make an appropriation for the work, I should be glad to go
on with it and hope by the next Annual Meeting, if not before,
to settle the mooted question of the ancestry of Governor
I'homas Dutlley. Of course the Association understands that
the appropriation need only be sufficient to coxer outlay, — tees
of experts, stationery, postage, — an account of which would be
TIIK MISTOIMAN S UKI'n|:T. Ii
kept ami retulerctl to the Association at tin* close of the work,
or (luring its |iro<^ress.
The Association will recall tliat in the History c»f the Diiil-
ley Familv, a work that lays c\erv Dudley descendant under
heavy ()hIi<;ations to its author, Mr. Dean Dudley, bcinj; a
most careful and scrupulous historian, expressly disclaims that
any descent has been established for (jovernor Thomas and his
father, Capt. Roger Dudley. Mr. Adiaid, more rash, settles
down to one, which mav he Governor I'lioinas' line, hut which
does not fit into the place where Mr. Adiard tries to attach it.
Stud\'ing this subject it canu' to me a;jain and again that
Leicestershire^ in England, was a localitv that !iad not been
sufHcicntlv investigated. Many facts seemed to me to indicate
tliat the I3u(lle\ s had more to do with Leicestershire than had
been clearlv Iirought out. For instance, whv was Robert
Dudley made Earl of Leicester, instead of Earl of some other
! lace? A prospective English peer may to some extent, if not
altogether, choose what his title shall be, and reasons of family
and estate generally decide the matter lleing a younger son
he could not have the family title and estate — the Earldo'U and
Castle of Warwick. Those had belong, il to his fatlier, been
forfeitetl bv attainder, and been restored to his eliler brother,
Ambrose. A new title must be found for Robert. Why the
Honour of Leicester?
Perhaps we shall fhul an answer as \ye go on. The Dudleys
were closely connected with the family of (Jiey, of the county
of Leicester, and with the Pinefoy and Fiennes families of the
same comUv. Rnln-rt Dudley's gran<lmo;her was the Lady
Elizabeth (irev ; and his bvotht r, (Juilford Dudley, nianied, as
we all know, the hnely and unfortunate Lady Jane (Jrcy, who
was born at Bradgate Hall, Co. Leicester, the seat of her father.
Marquis of Dorset and Duke of Suffolk, and it is at Osbaslon
H.dl, Co. Leicester, very nc.ir to Uradgate Hall, that the new-
found line of Siitton-Dudleys had its seat until l.')46, when, bv
the marriage of a daughter and co- heiress, the Osbaslon estate
passed fiom the family of Sutton-Dudley to that of Itloutjt ; and
here we meet another name intimately associated with not only
the Osba.ston family, but with the Eails of Warwick and
48 THE historian's kepokt.
Leicester. AlH)nt one huiulied years before the OshHston-Sut-
ton-Bloiint inarriaij^c, John de -^utton, fifth Baron DiuUcv, mar-
lied Constance Blount, daughter of Walter Blount, who was
also the ance^^tor of Walter, who married the iieiress of Osbas-
ton, and of his cousin, Elizabetli Blount, wife of Sir Andrews
Lord Windsor, brother to the first wife of Edmund Dudley,
Privy Councillor to Ilcnrv VII and grandfather to the Earls of
Warwick and Leicester; and again, about the same time as the
Osbaston-Sutton- Blount marriage, another Blount of the same
connection, the Ladv Elizabetli l^lount, married, for her first
husband, (jilbert Talbovs. vShc herself married secondly,
Edward Fiennes, Lord Clinton and frst Earl of Lincoln; and
her daughter. Elizabeth Talbovs, married Ambrose Dudlev,
Earl of Warwick. These are some of tl.e sidt -lights, so to
speak, that have illumined the search for (jovcrnor Thomas'
ancestry and ])ointed to Co. Leicester, where we find most of
these people ; and then to Osbaston, where, hidden from sight
by its old trees, we find a tine old " FLall," and in it the Suttons,
related to all these others. And just here it mav not be amiss
to remind the Association that Gov. Thomas Dudlev, in his
early manhood, was steward for Theophilus Fiennes, Lord
Clinton and fourth Earl of Lincoln, great-grand.son of Edward
Fiennes, first Earl of Lincoln mentionetl above; and that the
Lady Arabella Ficniies, sister of Earl Theophilus, came to
America with (iov. Thomas Dudley in 1630, she having mar-
ried Isaac fohnson, one of the emigrants. Also, when Lady
Amy (Robsart) Dudley met her pitiful death. Lord Rol)ert
Dudley (not yet Earl of Leicester, Sir Walter Scott to the con-
trary notwithstanding) despatched " Cousin Blount " to Cum-
nor Hall. County of Berkshire, to attend to the inquest and to
all matters requiring the presence of some one authorized to
act for liim. It is necessary to bear in mind that, although all
the Suttons were not Dudleys, yet all the Dudleys were Sut-
tons ; that is, were descended, in one line or another, from some
one of the Suttons, Barons of Dudley, a town of Co. Stafford,
England. Such appropriation of titles as surnames of families
w'as of common occurrence, another notable instance being in
the Fiennes family, of which we have already spoken. This
TIIK HISTOKIAN's ItKl'OKT. 49
liranch came f:;ra<iually to l)f called Clintf)u, to (IUtingtii»h
it from another branch of the Fieniies familv, who were Lorus
Dacre. They also married into the Dudley family, ahoiit thi«
same period. The Clintons of America are descemled from
the Clinton-Lincoln branch of the Fiennes family; but thin i«
a digression. I hope tliat you will be interesteil in the pedi-
grees which I ha\c in \[^v [)osse.ssion, with the authorities from
which 1 have taken theni.
LonsK WlNlHKoP Koi'Ks, //t.s/"ri\iri.
Note. — It l.s to bo rejiretteil that sinnu very i.irofiil ^;»>noi)li>ui<al
statistics, prepared by Miss Kouos, cannot bo properly piibli.Hbod in
this report; but they are in liand fur future use.
Chairm.\n : It is an honor to have with us the gentleman
you have elected to preside over your next year's tieliberations,
Hon. Elias Dutltev Freeman, who, though a member of the
Governor's Council in Maine, is often in Boston. As a
desccntlant of the Reverend Samuel, he carries that ancestor's
blootl in vein and l^rain.
Hon. E. Dudley Freeman's Address.
I trust I shall not be accu.sed of preferrin.4; the religion i>f
the Chinese to our own, or of attempting to graft up«)n the
regular proceedings of this Association the heathen rites of
ancestor worship, if I confess that I have begun this evening's
ceremonies by sacrificing to the shades of my forefathers my
appetite for this very excellent dinner.
It may seem less meritorious, I am aware, if I ad<l that it
was due to the depressing consciousness that some *' remarkN "
were expected from me, but I shall be satisticil if it goes to
mv credit in my account with the Reverend Samuel Diullcy,
who has acquitted himself, as an ancettor, with such signal
distinction, that I shall always be thankful that he did not
50 CHARACTER OF SAMUEL DUDLEY.
til ink it necessary to wait for posterity to do something for
him before doing anvthing for posterity.
We are not told what was the custom of the Reverend
Samuel in regard to his sermons; possibly he may have sym-
pathizeil, as I ilo now. with the Methodist preacher who said,
that when he wrote out his sermons the devil knew what his
arguments were and was all ready to answer them, but tliat
when he spoke without notes, the devil himself couldn't tell
what he was going to say next.
However, it occurs to me that a man ought not to need
much encouragement when the subject is the virtues of his
own people, a topic upon which the Dudleys rarel\ fail to be
eloquent, and sometimes reach the sublime.
This is the sixth annual reunion of the Dudley family which
I have attended ; and under ordinary circumstances I come
with great pleasure, and go away puffed up in my fleshly
mind to think that my mother was a Dudley, although every
now and then someone tells me how much I resemble my
It is to be regretted that the Reverend Samuel Dudley left
so little recorded personal hi>tory. We like to know all about
the little details of home life and the personal characteristics
of any man whom we make the subject of our thoughts.
After all, it is only what a man does that amounts to much.
"Words are the daughters of earth ; deeds are the sons of
Heaven." It is for what Samuel Dudley did, and not for
what he said or wrote, that we honor him to-night.
We know that he was the eldest son of Governor Thomas
Dudley and Dorothy Yorke ; that he came to the Massachu-
setts Bay Colony with his parents when he was about twenty
years of age; that he lived successively in Newtown (now
Cambridge), Ipswich and Salisbury; that he was prominent
as a citizen, legislator, and magistrate, and that he was first
married to Mary, daughter of Governor Winthrop. When
about forty years old he was invited by the people of Exeter
to become their teacher in spiritual affairs. For nearly forty
years he led his people like a flock in the New England
CUAKACTKU OK SAMfKI, HI 1>I,KV. .^1
Fortunately we do not need to ^o to his tonib»t«)ne for a
record ot his virtues We know th:»t he was a jjood n>an,
otherwise we coidd not li.ive him for our suhject to-niijht.
for we shouichi't know anything; about hitn, to speak of.
IJut e\\ ry reconled l)it ot his personal histf»ry which gives him
any claim to nincmbrance is based upon some act of self-
It is true that " the e\ ii that men do lives after them," but
the t^ood sui vives also ; otherwise there woidd be no Dutilcv
For instance, when he was called to IC\eter it w.is no doubt
an act of gri-at seli-denial for him to be so far aw.iv from
Boston. !t would be for most people. But his path of dutv
was plain, ami he rollowed it to the end of life. We find bin)
entcriui;', hc.trt and soul, itito the life of his people, bearing
their burdens, like the apostle to the Gentiles laboring with
his hauLls that he mi^jht not be chargeable to them bevond
When distress came upon the little community he diviticd
with them his meagre .salary of forty pounds a year, and when
the people of Portsmouth callcil him to come and labor among
them, he declined the call at double the salary.
I've never heard of a case like it since.
It was as if, in coming to Exeter, he had said, in the bcaii-
tiful words of Ruth : '' Thy people sh.ill be my people, and
thv God ni\ God. Where thou dieNt. I will die, and there
will I be buried."
i'>ut we have still further e\ idence It it is something
new I want the Association to have the benefit of the tlis-
coverv. It is said that he built and operateil a sawmill; and
if our kinsman, Frank Dudley, who has owned a gootl matiy
such mills, were lieie, I am sme he would testify that any
man who could run a saw-mill, and maintain his church rela-
tions in gooil and regular standing, r/imt have been a giKiil
man I And so verv likelv when discf)rd and dissensions per-
vaded hi.s little parish, like a prudent and patient man, he
would simply hold his peace, and keep right on sawing wood.
62 CHAHAfTKl: (IK SAMUEL DUDLEY.
He was also a man of learning, otherwise he certainly could
not have been a minister. Whoever, in those heroic davs,
would point tlie way to the celestial citv, must have other
qaalilications than a jj^ootl moral ciiaracter and a license to
preach It required a well trained ni'nd to grasp the theologi-
cal sul)tleties of those times, and the mrn who colonized New
Enujland expected their preachers to give them " food for
thought," and plenty of it. We may in some respects have
improved on tlie theology of the mi/iistcr, but we h :ve not
improved on the character of the man.
Whv, I've had, at times, to listen to sermons which made
me fairly pine for the good old davs of Thomas Wiggles-
worth, who preached as if on the eve of a general resurrec-
tion, with the crack of doom staring him right in the face,
and the light of the New Jerusalem shining in at the church
door! Such men believeil, with all their hearts, that they had
had a message from God to man ; and thev had the courage of
th.,ir convictions, although it may seem a little ditficult for us
to call it " tidings of great joy."
There is another matter in which possibly I have miuie a
discoverv, and if so this Association ouglit to know it.
It has long been a question in mv mind where Samuel
Dudlev obtained his distinctly clerical training. He was not
a University man, but he had enjoyed the instruction of
learned men before coming to this country. He was, how-
ever, not the pastor of any church before he went to Exeter.
\Vhile he was living in Salisbury he represented that town
for five years in the General Court; and I would very much
like to know if five years service in the Massachusetts Legis-
lature will qualify a man to preach the Gospel. I have fre-
quently heard it intimated that politics are not a means of
grace. Perhaps this is one of the differences between colo-
nial times and the present ; for I have known men to go from
the ministry into politics, but never from politics into the
ministrv. It may be that after five years of public work lie
found himself too poor to do anything else. We all know
that political purity and impoverishment go hand in hand.
rUOCIIAlMIY OK COVKIIN'OI: Dt'IH.KY. 5S
Sanuiil Dudley was not a jjrcat man, as men count Rrenl-
ness, niil ho was not least in tlic kinjjiloin «}f Heaven if wc
jiulfje him by the staiulanl of tlir ilivinr Master wljo luiid
" wliosoever will be jjreat anionjj yon let liiin Uc v<»ur
minister," and " whosoever will he chief acnon^ \ on let hin>
he your servant. ''
Vou remember the lines of the poet Goldsmith; ihcv seem
to well describe the minister of Exeter:
A man he was to all the countrv dear
And passing rich with forty pounds a vear,
^ Remote from towns he ran his Godly race;
Nor e'er had chauijcd, nor wished to chanjje, hi* place
Unpracticed he to fawn or ^eek lor power.
By doctrines fasiiioned to the varying hour.
For other aims his heart had learned to prize.
More skilled to raise the wretched than to rise.
Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride,
And e'en his tailings leaneil to virtue's side;
But in his duty, prompt at every call.
He watched and wept, he prayed and felt for all.
And as a bird each fond endearment tries.
To tempt its new-tledged offsprIn<; to the skies.
He tried each art, reproved each iluU ilelay.
Allured to brighter worlds, and led the way.
At the clo.se of Mr. Freeman's luhlres.s the Intermr/./.o,
frnin Muscagni's Cuvalleria Ru.«<tii:ana, \Vii.s finely pl.iye<l
bv tiie lieacon Orchestral ('liib.
Biography of Governor Duel Icy.
As Ml. Augustine Jones's work is t«» see the psiriali
light of print, it woultl not b.- wi.so here to puhliitii any
portion of the vulualjle and interesting ehaptei-s he reu.I
therefrom. He has searchetl original ducumcuU lo »uj>-
54 [MOCUArHY OF (lOVKHNOU DUDLEY.
port the liigli estimate he phices u[)(»ii Thomas Dudley's
character ami iiilliieuce, botli in the Old World and New.
At the C')iiclu-;ion of his reading a hearty vote of thanks
was extended to Mr. .Jones.
.Mr. Wiggin s[)oke of the Historians desire to be
jiresent. and her anxiety that the Governor's life should
not he iMil)lished without a full exploration of his ances-
tral line : and to this Mr. Jones replied :
I should like to say that there need be no haste, if there
is anything to be gained. Dean Dudley and Adellarde.
the two authorities who have heretofore differed on this
subject, are now united on the point. Dean Dudley admit-
ting that Adellarde is Ci)rreel, and thus completes this
connection referred to bv Miss Koues.
TiimfTK TO Jamks F. Dudley.
Mr. Sanford II. Dudley wished to call special attention
to Mr. James F. Dudley, recently deceased, to whom
reference had been made by the Registrar, as one of tlie
founders of the Association, a man of sterling character
and qualities. He was born in Ham[Klen, and was a stu-
dent at Bcnvdoin (^oUege. Later he became president of
the ^Etna Fire Insurance Co., of Hartford, and occupied
a distinguished j>osition among men in that line of busi-
ness. He always took a warm and hearty interest in our
Association. Mr. Sanford Dudley remembered with
great pleasure his cordial letters, and he was always ambi-
tions for its prosperity. Mi-. Sanford Dudley also urged
that our deceased members should be sfiven more atten-
ti<in. iiiid that tlif 1 1 istmian \>e iiistructetl to place »ym-
patlietic resulutioiis upon tin- records.
The evtMi'mj^s piit*Mtiiiiimeiit hercwilli clf>sc(l, .'iml Mr.
Wirrrriii (lechued the sixtli annual ilinncr an<l fifth annual
meeting of the Governor Thomas Dudley Family A.H.Hticia-
tion at an end.
Table of Contents.
Dudley K. Child's Letter
Secretary's Report .
Election of Officers
Nominating Committee and General Busi
List of Guests
Chairman's Report .
Col. L. Edwin Dudley's Letter
Subject of the Evening .
Exeter Town Records
Introduction of Miss A. L. Dudley
Samuel Dudley's Three Wives
Registiar's Report .
Historian's Report .
Introduction of Mr. Freeman
Character of Samuel Dudley .
The Gov. Thomas Dudlev Biogaphv
Grave of Rev. Samuel Dudlev
Hon. Elias Dudley Freeman .
Rev. Jas. Henry Wiggin
Col. L. Edwin Dudley
Document signed bv Elizabeth Dudlev