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Full text of "Annual meeting of the Governor Thomas Dudley Family Association and ... reunion of the descendants of Governor Thomas Dudley"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



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THE 



Governor Thomas Dudley 
Family Association 



Ok...x^/1-I', 1S92 

Incorporated, 1893 



FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING 

AND 

SIXTH REUNION 

AT THE 

HOTEL VENDOME, BOSTON 
October 19, 1S97 




Rev. JAMES HENRY WIGGIN 

Presiding as Senior Vice-President and Chairman of Literary Committee 
THEM E 

The Exeter Pastor, Rev. Samuel Dudley 



1898 



-.. BROWN, S2 FEOEML ST., BOSTON. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualmeetingofg05gove 



ASTOR, LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS. 







y. 






THE 



i Mt NEW YOR 



ASTOP, Lf NOX *Nr> 
lfcr9 



Governor Thomas Dudley 
Family Association 



Or(;.\n/f.I), 1891 

iNrORl'ORATEI), 1893 



FIFTH ANNUAL MEEIING 

AND 

SIXTH REUNION 



HOTEL VENDOME, BOSTON 
October 19, 1897 




Rev. JAMES HENRY WIGGIN 

Presiding as Senior Vice-President and Chairman) nt I.iter.uy Committee 

T H !•■. M K 
Thf Exeter Pastor, Kcv. Samuel Du.ilcy 



1898 



BINOINQ 
NUMBER 
OF 1899. 



} 52G1 



Fifth Annual Business Meeting. 



TnH fifth aiiiuia! ineetiiic,^ of the Dudley Family Associ- 
ation was held at tlie Hotel X't'iidoine, in B(;stoii, Mass., 
October 19, 1897. 

The earliest arrivals were Hon. E. Dudley Freeman, of 
Portland; A. R. Wiggin, of Andover; Mrs. Cyrus K. Babb, 
of Boston ; and Rev. James Henry Wiggin, of Boston ; 
who, in the absence of tlie President, Dr. Albion M. Dud- 
ley, of Salem, on account of a family bereavement, presided, 
as Senior Vice-President and Chairnian of the Literary 
Committee. 

The records of the previous meeting were read by tlie 
Secretary, Franklin B. Williams, and duly api)roved. 

The report of the Treasurer, Col. L. LMwin Dudley, was 
read, accepted and [ilaced on file, and was as follows. 

Treasurer's Report. 



L. KDWIN Dl'DLKV. 

In Account with twe (iov. Thomas I)ri)LF<:Y Family 
Association. 



int. 
To Cash on hand 
To Error in last year's account 
To Amt. rec'd for membership tees . 
To Amt. rec'd for annual dues 
To Amt. rec'd for dinner tickets 
To Amt. received for annual reports 



$179.. 09 

1..S9 

IM.OO 

94.00 

i3;roo 

23.50 



$449.98 



4 mi:. <'hii,h s letter. 

CR. 

By Aint. })aicl Qiiincv Iloiive . . . $130.25 

By Amt. paid for printing . l.i.S.sO 
Bv Amt. paid for postage and sundry 

expenses ...... 32.12 

By Anit. paid for subscriptions to magazines K.;32 



$.S29.40 
Cash on hand . . . 120.49 

Total . . . $449 98 

Respectfully submitted, 

L. Edwin Dudley, Trearurer. 
Bv J. F. O'Hara, Attorney. 

Examined and found correct Oct. 18, 1897, 
JAMES IIhn'rv WiGdi.v, Auditor. 

The following letter from tlie former secretary. Dudley 
R. Child, to the Board of Directors, was read with regret 
and placed on tile. 

Boston, Mass , July 20, IS'M. 
To the Board of Jirectois of the Gov. Thomas Dudley Family 
Association : 

Foi some months past mv health has been impaired as a 
result of overwork in various lines. I have found it necessary 
to give up active participation in several societies, and have 
been un;ible to do what is required of the Secretary of this 
Association. As my request to be retired was not heeded at 
the annual meeting, I expected to find an earlv opportunity for 
resignation at a Directors' mectinj; but as no meeting has been 
held since that time, I have done what I could to carry mv part 
of the atlairs along. 

In order to attain complete recovery I must be entirely free 
from responsibility and care; so, for these reasons I herewith 
tender my resignation from the office of Secretary of this Asso- 
ciation. 



SECRETARY R ANNl'AI, i:El'f>HT. 5 

It is iiceilless to sav that after five years' connection with this 
movement, I take this step with much re;^ret, as my |)osili()ii 
has been to me one of great interest anil vahie. 

I know, iiowever, that, in spite of changes, all will go on 
with increasing success; ami it shall l)e my greatest pleasure to 
contrilnite in future to the advance of our society in such way 
as I mav he alile. Respectfully yours, 

Dldi.kv R. Child. 



Report of Secretary Williams 



Titi': I'oHowjiio- paper was also read ami [)laee(l on file. 

The annual report of your Secretary is liereby submitted. 

The annual report of the Secretary gives an account of the 
doings of the Board of Directors and matters of interest to the 
Association in and around Boston. During the year just end- 
ing the Board has met only once. At this meeting arrange- 
ments were made for the annual meeting and the former Secre- 
tarv presented his resignation. 

The resignation was accepted and a successor was chosen. 
Although the Treasurer was about to take the position of con- 
sul at Vancouver, B. C, it was thought licst to ilefer filling his 
place until the annual meeting. Following the custom of the 
past, the report of the last annual meeting was published with 
dlustrations, and issued at the usual price uiuiei the iliectiDHS 
of a special committee. The attention of membeis is again 
called to these reports. Their regular purchase by the Massa- 
chusetts State Library and other libraries indicates that they 
have some general interest and value. This being the case, 
each member should be interesteil to obtain each annual report, 
particularlv those of previous years, which are becoming scarce. 
Frankmn B. Williams, Secretary. 



ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 



Annual Election. 



The fiillowiiig list of olTicers for the ensuing year was 
subniitteJ l)v the iioniinatincr coininittee, throufjh its chair- 
man. Warren P. Dudley, Esq.: and, by unanimous vote. 
tlie Secretary cast one ballot for the persons named, wlio 
were declared elected. 

President : 
Hon. E. Dudley Frkhman, Portland, Me. 

V/cc- Presidents : 
Frank Duni.KV, Portland, Me. 
Augustine Jones, Providence, R. I. 
Mrs. Caroline A. Barnard, Brookline, Mass. 
Woodbury G Langdon, New ^'o^k. 
Joseph B. Moors, Boston, Mass. 
Charles A. Sheldon, New Haven, Conn. 
Anson Phelps Stokes, New York. 
John Peabody Wetmore, Newport, R. I. 
Rev. James Henry Wiggin, Boston, Mass. 
Daniel Dudley Gilbert, M. D., Boston, Mass. 

Secretary : 
FkANKLiN B. WiLLLWis, lo Scluivler St., Boston, Mass. 

Resist r^i r : 
Mrs. Catherine Dudley Br.v.mble, New London, Conn. 

J reasiirer : 
Dudley Talhot, Boston, Mass. 

Historian : 
Miss Louise \\ inthrop Koues, 11« W. 13th St,, New York. 

Directors : 
Mrs. Florence ^L Adkinson, Boston, Mass. 
Charles E. Wiggin, Boston, Mass. 
George E. Di-dley, Boston, Mass. 
Henry W. IJudlby, M. D., Abington, Mass. 



p% 







.UDLEY FREEMfi.. 
President. 



COMMITTEES AND VOTES. I 

Mks. Ai.ick Dudley Fkm.ows, North Canil)ii(l^e, Mass. 

Jerk Pierce Fenno, .Milton, Mass. 

Mrs Orinda A. Dudi.kv IIornbrocjke, Newton, Mass. 

Charles Dudley Lewis, Fiainin»jliani, Mass. 

HuDLE'S' R. Child, Boston, Mass. 

Franki.i.v S. Williams, Boston, Mass. 

iNIucli ri^ratifi cation was expressed that Mr. Freeman had 
consented to accept tlie [)residency; and he rejoined that if 
his snccess in jterforining tiie duties equalled his apprehen- 
sions, he slmuM indeed be disting'tiisjied. 

Nominating Committkr. 

'I'he ("haiiMiaii stated that the names of the nominating 
committee wonhl he later announced : and they were as 
follows : 

Sanford M. Dudley, Es(^., of Cambridge. 
Miss Katherine L. Morrill, of Exeter, N. II. 
Elizabeth ABBorr Carlton, M. D., of Boston. 
Mrs. Cvkus K. Babb, of Boston. 
Isaac N. Tucker, Es(.(_., of Boston. 

(Governor Dudlev'.s Biograimiv. 
Reference was made to the fact that Mr. Augustine 
Jones had practically completed his work on the Life of 
Governor Thomas Dudley: and it was voted that all mat- 
ters in connection with furthering the efforts of Mr. Jones 
in this direction be referred to the Board of Directors. 

Vote ok I'hanks. 

A vote of thanks was tendered .Miss Katherine L. Mor- 
rill, of Exeter, for the photograph from which the illustra- 
tions on the menus had been j)iiiited. 



8 CLOSING BUSINESS. 

.MKMni;i:siin' Dues. 
Attention was called to the fact that tlie running ex- 
penses of the association are sup])ose(l to be j)aid by the 
(lues, but that, owing to the failure of a portion of the 
members to jiay. .«5ixty dollars of the past year's ex})enses 
had to be paid from the two hundred dollars left in the 
treasury after tlie association's first reunion. The opinion 
was expressed that this sum should be held as a fund, and 
not be drawn upon f(jr running expenses. 

Annual Retolts. 
Meml>ers were also re«}uested to provide themselves 
with copies of the annual reports of previous years; as, 
Ijeing furnished at almost the cost of publication, the direc- 
tors would otherwise i>e forced to discontinue these valua- 
ble records. 

A recess was at this i)oint taken for social intercourse. 

Sixth Reunion and Banquet. 



At about six o'clock Vice-President Wiggin announced 
that the dinner hour had arrived, and Mr. Franklin S.Wil- 
liams, chairman of the Banquet Committee, would read 
the names of guests wlio were to occupy the chief table, 
and thai others were to follow at their pleasure 
At the head table were seated 

Rev. James Henry Wiggin. 

Mrs. Laura Newman Wiggin. 

Miss Ariana S. Dudley. 

Hon. Elias Dudley Freeman. 

Miss J. Florence O'Hara. 

Franklin B. Williams. 

Augustine Jones. 

Albert Bowman Wiggin. 

Miss Katherine L. Morrill. 

Mr. Bale, of the Boston Herald. 




REV. JAMES HENRY WIGDIN, 
Chairman nl the Annual Meeting and Dinner. 



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'.OATIONS. 



LIST OF (UIESTS. 

Seated ut the other tiihles were : 

Mrs. Fkorknck M. Aukinson. 

Mrs. Lilian Tuckkr Akmstronc;. 

Cyrus K. Babb. 

Mrs. Cyrus K. Habu. 

Mrs. Clifton Dudley Rlack. 

Mrs. Mary Nkwman Bryant. 

Dr. Klizabkth .'Vbbott Carlp.ton. 

Mrs. Mary E. Chask. 

Dudley R. Child. 

Mrs. Missouri S. Child. 

Miss Julia C. Clarke. 

Benjamin E. Cole. 

Mrs. Margaret C. Cole. 

Miss Mary Douglas Day. 

Elizabeth Nason Dickey. 

Clara W. S. Dodge. 

Edwin Dudley Dodge. 

Harriett Augusta D(mk;e. 

John E. Doi)(;k. 

Mrs. Mary F. Dudley Dodge. 

Harwood a. Dudley. 

Henry W. Dudley. 

Mrs. Laura Howla.nd Dudley. 

Sanford Harrison Dudley. 

Warren Preston Dudley. 

Mrs. Mary C. Talbot Fay. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Dudley Fenno. 

Jere Pierce Fenno. 

Mary W. Folsom. 

Mrs. Clara Kendall Hill. 

Caroline Dudley Johnson. 

David Dudley Johnson. 

Mrs. Caroline Alice Jones. 

Miss Caroline Rathborn Jones. 

Mary Leslie Johnson. 

Mrs. Mary S. H. Marcy. 

Miss Clara Lsabella Metcalf. 

Joseph B. Moors. 

Mrs. Joseph B. Moors. 

Miss Marietta Morrill. 

Miss Ellen Williams Rumrill. 

Miss Sarah Elizabeth Rumkill. 



10 THK DINNEK. 

Mrs. AiGiSTA K. Didlkv Tai.bot. 

DuiJi-KY Talhot. 

Marv Emzabkth TAt.noT. 

("fRA( K H. TUCKKK. 

Isaac Newton Tlh ker. 
Mrs. Isaac NEWTnN Titker. 
Iracy I5RONSON" Warren. 
Mrs. Clara A. Warren. 
Miss Anna M. Whiting. 
Miss Susan Anstis Whiting. 
Franklin Sprague Willia.ms. 
Mrs. Mary V. Williams. 
Mrs. Helen .M Winchester. 

The tal)]es were daintily decorated : and during the 
dinner there was fine music by the Beacon Orchestral 
Club, under tlie lead of Mrs. Marietta Sherman Raymond. 

On the menu were the cuts, to be seen in this rei^ort. of 
tlie tomb, in Kxeter. of liev. Samuel Dudley, and a fac- 
simile of a document sigfiied bv his widow Elizabeth, for 
which the Association is indebted greatly to the Misses 
Mori ill, of Kxeter, N. 11. 

THK MENU. 

Hluepoints. 

Consomnn?, Chatelninc. 

Pur^e of Game, ronieraiiie. 

Penobscot Salmon, a la Clianihord. 

Sliced Cucumbers. Potatoes, \'iennese. 

Loin of Lamb, Morlaisicnne. 

Mont; re) Goose, Bigarade. 

Kaiiy June Peas. Potatoes. Parisienne. 

Frozen Tom and Jerry. 

Filet de Boeuf, a la Rossini. 

Cases of Lobster, Newburg. 

Sweetbread Patties, au Madere. 

Vienna Charlottes. \'ictoria Jelly. 

Assorted Cake. Fancy Water Ices. 

Marshmallow Ice Cream. 

Fruit. 

Clieese. Crackers. Olives. 

Coffee. 



chairman's [NTIlOnrCTOIiY KKMAUKS. 11 

The wants of tlie inatfiial man liaviiiLj been j^iatified 
and satisfied, Mr. VV^iggin, in liis (•liaiacteristiciiUy genial 
manner, spoke as follows: 

Chairman's Introductory Remarks. 



Friends, I never like to interrupt pleasant chat, or chatter, 
but the time is passinj^, and we have much else in store. 

That a Dudley can always do his share of the talking, these 
dinners offer abundant proof. 

I am acting to-night in a ilouble capacity : First, as Vice- 
president, in the President's absence ; and, second, as Chairman 
of your Literary Committee, as Mr F. S. Williams, tlie senior 
Mr. Williams, has had charge of looking after vour creature 
comforts, as chairman Dl'that Department. To look at us two 
you mii^iit think that / should be in charge of the creature com- 
forts, and Mr. Williams of the feast of reason ; but you must 
take us as you find us, and such as we have, give we unt<) vou. 

The Committee's Correspondence. 



YouK committee has found it rather more difficult to secme 
speakers this vear than last, when our subject was Anne Brad- 
street, her meuKirials bein<^ far moie pleritiful than are those of 
the Rev. Samuel Uudlev. 

We had hoped to divide the subject, and have someone speak 
of Samuel Dudley's Birth anti Parentage, someone else of Ids 
Earl} Days, another of his After Life, and so on ; but tliis was 
found impracticable, because the records are too meagre. 

Vou shall hear, however, with what success your cliairman 
met in the various quarters to which he applied. 

I wrote to Mrs. Jonas G. Dudley, of Augusta, Me., sup- 
posed to be in New Vork City, asking her to speak on the 
general subject; l)ut mv missive was returneil from the Dead 
Letter Office, so I have no clew to iiei whereabouts. 



12 INTERESTING INTERVIEW. 

Next I wrote to our fjooi] frieiui, Mr. Charles A. Sheldon, of 
Xcw Haven, a^kiiilj him if he would sav something about the 
career ot this illn>trious ancestor ; Init he replied that he was 
not of the Samuel blood. 

I then wrote to Mr. Woodbury G. Langdon. of Xew York, 
and he answered that, being in his suburban residence until 
November, and that as suburban residences are considered un- 
safe at night without a man's presence, he cannot be with us 
until he either returns earlier to the city or his children are old 
enough for self-protection. 

The next application was to Mr. Winthrop Dudley, of Brent- 
wood, N. H., a venerable man of over fourscore years; but 
what became of this letter I have no idea, as it received no 
response. 

I then wrote to Mr. John T. Perry, of Exeter, who was 
many years in journalism, wields a verv ready pen, and is 
deeply interested in gcneological topics. He wrote me that his 
wife had recently passetl on to a higher sphere, leaving his 
home desolate, and his home affairs needing his constant 
attention. On a trip to Exeter, by vote of your Directors, I 
called upon Mr. Perry in his venerable house, which has been 
but slightly changed, though made more attractive bv the intro- 
duction of modern conveniences, and we sat and talked in the 
very room where an important Revolutionary meeting took 
place, with reference to Colonial finances, just before the battle 
of Bennington. To be sure of the dates, I should have looked 
up this battle; but I must now presume upon your extensive 
and accurate information thereanent. At any rate, there was 
the room where the meeting was held to raise money ; and one 
man pledged all he was worth, in houses and lands as well as 
in money, toward the support of the war against King George. 

That same room had another association, with a case about 
which you lawyers probably all know, and, no doubt, our ex- 
president, .Mr. Sanford Dudley, could give more particulars. 
I refer to the famous Cilley (not perhaps silly also) will case, 
tried in Exeter. On the opposing sides no lesser lawyers were 
engaged than the two greatest in the Granite State, Daniel 



MORE LETTKRR. 18 

Webster and feremiah Mason. D.iniel Webster was n Wliij^, 
ami as a matter of coiiitesv, he was, ilurintj the trial, invited to 
the liospitahties of this mansion, then belontjintj to Colonel 
Chadwick. Party politics ran hii^her then than now. It hap- 
peneil that the Colonel hekl some office in the »^ift of tlie people. 
In those days \cw Hampshire was nothing if not Democratic, 
and as his C'»nstituents conUl not bear to have their representa- 
tive generous to a leader in the other partv, thev ilropped 
Colonel Chadwick at the next election. 

Our Registrar, Mrs. Dudley Bramble, was asked if she 
would not say something about the Boyhood of .S imuel Dudlev, 
as she is of his line; but she met with an accident at a Ply- 
mouth celebration, and could not even be with us to-night. 
However, she sent a letter, which you shall hear presently 

Mr. George E. Dudley, of the Fitchburg Railroad, also felt 
unable to help us. 

Mrs. Babb was asked to assist on the committee, and " she 
hath done what she could." 

Mr. E. Dudley Freeman, your future president, at first 
thought he should be unable to make an address, but finally 
consented; \ou shall soon judge of his quality. 

From Miss Jennie Dearborn, of Concord, N. H., now in 
New York Cit\-, came the word that her mother, Mrs. Susan 
L. Dear! orn Clough, was sull'ering from a [)rolonged illness, 
making it impossible for either of these ladies to meet with us. 

Mr Fr.mk Dudlev, of Portland, at first thought he would 
speak to us, but liter he felt compelled to retract thi-^ promise. 

Xotwithstanding these disappointments, ellicient aitl came 
from othei cpiarters. Through photographs procured by Miss 
Motrin, our ineiui is enriched by two cuts, though these appear 
to far hotter advantage on pasteboard than on this paper. One 
pictures the flat gravestone marking the last resting place of 
Samuel Dudley, though the leaden inscription has disappeared. 
The other represents a paper, signed by his third wife, in 
which she requests that somebody else be appointed adminis- 
trator of her husbantls estate. 

Before we touch this Exeter matter we will listen to a letter 



14 COLONEL DUDLEY'S LETTER. 

from Col. L. Edwin Dudley, which will be read bv Miss 
O'Hara, who has been acting as substitute for our Treasurer, 
since he so far recovered from his accident in Washington, on 
Inauguration Xight — an accident resulting in the amputation 
of his left foot — as to take his official position. 

CONSl'LATK OF THE U.NITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

Vancouver. B. C, October 11. 1807. 
Ai.nioN M. Dudley, M. D., President Governor Thomas 

Dudley Family Association, .Salem, Mass. 

Mv DEAR Doctor : — T regret extremely that, for the first 
time, I shall be absent from a meeting of our Association. 1 
have always been gratified by the warm interest manifested at 
these annual gatherings by so large a number of the descend- 
ants of our illustrious ancestor. 

Recently a report has come to me that our fellow-member. 
Mr. Augustine Jones, has nearly finished the task, whicli he so 
generously undertook, of preparing a life of Governor Thomas 
Dudley. I am glad, for I belie\e the people will see, for the 
first time, the sturdy old Governor in his true character. 

I have long believed that the cause of libertv of the individ- 
ual, of governmeni " by the people and for the people" was, 
in its early struggles, more indebted to (Governor Thomas Dud- 
ley than to any o':lier man of his time. Xo man living at a 
later time had equal opportunit\- to render tlie cause great ser- 
vice. 

Our family especially, and all the liberty-loving people of all 
the world, will be indebted to Mr. Jones for the faithful per- 
formance of tlie great task which he accepted at our hands. 

Although I am so far away in bodv, I shall nevertheless be 
with you in spirit on the 19th inst. 

I wish for your meeting of this year, and for the future life 
of our Association, all the good and all the prosperity that anv 
of my fellow-meml)crs can desire. 

With deep regret that I must be absent from vour meeting 
this year, with the hope and full expectation that I can attend 
your next meeting, I am Most sincerely yours, 

L. Edwin Dudley. 




CDL. L. EDWIN DULLKY 
Trcasurtr. 



pii"^,: 



•RAKY. 



ASTOR, LE'X'X Af C 
TILDEN FOL".LAriONS. 



SUBJECT OF THK EVRNING. 15 

Among the points for which I st;iii(i iiidehtcd to Mr. Perry 
is tills, that he has long been of the opinion that there must 
have been some special reason for <^ivinf:j the town of Exeter 
its name. Manv colonist^ ( like the I'.ostonians) simply trans- 
l^lanted their names from English homes; but Mr. Perry is 
convinced that the Exeter settlers chose the name with great 
deliberation, since the town of Exeter, England, bears the same 
relation to Exmouth that our Exeter bears to Portsmouth, as 
well as to sea and river, and that its hills and undulations are 
similar. 

We listened a vear ago to Mrs. Ednali P. Cheney, as she 
spoke of Anne Hutchinson, in comparison with Anne Brad- 
street. Some of vou felt sure that Mrs. Hutchinson and Mrs. 
l^radstreet must have been friends, when the former was turn- 
ing theological Boston upside down, in her determination to 
convince the people of God's indwelling spirit, and that a 
woman had a right to be publicly heard in the community, if 
she could get anyone to listen. What has this to do with Exe- 
ter.^ You shall see Mrs. Hutchinson had a clerical brother- 
in-law, John Wheelwright, who was a friend ot" Oliver Crom- 
well, came to Massachusetts Bay at the age of forty-two, and 
soon after became a founder and first minister of the new Exe- 
ter, though he did not continue there till his death in 1670. 
His successor, the ancestor whom we especially commemorate 
to-night, was Samuel Dudley. 

One of the reporters wiio called this evening remarked, 
after reading f)ur [irogram with some care, " riien the Rev. 
Samuel Dudle\- is to be the chief speaker of this occasion." I 
assured him that the Rev. Samuel hatl l)ecn dead over two hun- 
dred years, and we scarcclv expected his reappearance ; though 
such a materialization miglit enable us to rival the manifesta- 
tions at the great Spiritual Temple only a square distant. 

Mr. Dudlev was the Exeter pastor from IH.50 to 16H.S. In 
the middle of the seventeenth century he went among the 
people of Exeter, and we can understand how he was welcomeil, 
not onlv as a Godly and well-learned divine, but as the elile^t 
son of Governor Thomas Dudley of Massachusetts Ba} , one 
of the chief, if not the foremost, of New England's early rulers. 



16 THE EXETER CHFRCH. 

The Exeter people are on the eve of celebrating the two hun- 
dredth anniversary of either the organization or reorganization 
of their First Church, they are uncertain which; because the 
able New Hampshire historian. Rev. Alonzo H. Qiiint, D D., 
insists that, contrary to colonial usage, Exeter had no religious 
oiganization till two centuries ago, though he thinks the Dover 
church dates from the settlement of that region. This opinion 
leaves the Exeter Congregational brethren a little in doubt as 
to what they are to celelirate in 1898, an absolute church organ- 
ization, or the reorganization of a church much older, dating 
back to 1640; though we must certainly feel that it does not 
seem a reasonable supposition that a society of New Engl uiders 
should worship sixty years with no church organization. It is 
also interesting to know that the meetinghouse of the Exeter 
society has closed a whole century of life. 

Samuel Dudley was a very important link between the 
Dover Plantations and Massachusetts Bay. If Mr. Perry could 
tie with us he would tell you of the part taken by Mr. Dudley 
in certain mild controversies (I say rnild^ but am not so sure 
about their mildness) between that part of New England and 
this. 

I asked Miss Katharine Morrill if she would not speak or 
r.ad to us; but she says No, and her No is not of the kind that 
means Yes; although I feel assured that a woman who can 
use her pen as aiily as has Miss Morrill in the interests of 
homa'opathic literal uie, could talk to advantage. She has 
t.ikcn great pains to collect facts and copy data, and some of 
tlu-se Miss O'llara will read. 

Extracts from Exeter Records Concerning 
Rev Samuel Dudley. 

EXETER TOWNE RECORD. P. 54 

Att a Towne Meeting, the (13) day of (3) mo. 16.iO. 

It is unanimously agreed upon by Mr. Samuell Dudley and 

the Townc of Exeter, that Mr. Dudley is forthwith so soone as 

comfortalile subsistence can be made by the Towne for him 

and his fainelye, in the hous which was purchased of Mr. 



AGREEMENT WITH KK\'. SAMUEL DUDLEY. 17 

Whclwrit, that then the saidc Mr. Dii.Ucy is to com to inhahet 
att Exeter and to be a muiester of God's word unto us, uutill 
sucli time as God shall he pleased to make way for the <:jather- 
iiig of a Church. Aiul then lie to be ordained as Pastor or 
Teacher accordint^j to the onlinauce of God 

And in consideration of this p'mise of Mr. Dudley the Tovvne 
doth mutieallv a^jree to titt no the afonsaid house, and to fence 
in a varde and jjardon for the saiil Mr. Dudley and to allow 
fourtey pounds a veere towards the maintenance of the said 
Mr. Dudley and his famelye. And that the use and sole im- 
provement of the aforesaid hous bought of Mr. W'helwrit and 
all the lands and meddows thereto belGnjiing shall be to the 
proper use of him the said Mr. Dudley during the time that he 
shall continue to be a minester of the word amonst us. 

And what cost the said Mr. Dudley shall bestowe about the 
said hous and lands in the time of his improvement, the Tovvne 
is to allow unto him or his so much as the said house or lands 
are bettered bv it att the time of the saide Mr. Dudley's leave- 
ing of it either by death or by some more than ordinary call of 
God otherwais. 

And it is farther agreed upon that the oukl t)ow hous, which 
was Mr. Whelwrit's shall by the Towne be Heed up fitt for the 
setting of cattle in. And that the aforesaide pay of 40£ a yeere, 
is to be made in good pay evercy halfe yeare, in corn ami Eng- 
lish comodities att a price currant as they goo ginerally in the 
Cuntrey att the time or times of payment. 

To the promisscs wch concerne myselfc I consent unto, 
Witness my hand, 

Sam. Duulkv, 

And for the Towne's [)'ft)rmaiice of there part of this afore- 
saide agreement, we whose names are hereuntler written, do 
joyntiv and severall} enga^^ge ourselves to Dr. DuiUey, 

Witness our hands, EnwAKr) IIir.roN, 

EnWAUU GlI.I.MAN, 

Jno. Lkgat, 
IIenuy Roby, 
Ja.mks Wai.i., 

IIUMrEHI WlI.LSON. 



\x nr.coKDs rf)NrEi;NFNG rev. sa^iuel Dudley. 

The 4th of the first mo. 47 or 48 (1648) 46 

It is ajjrccd hy ;i n;incrall consent at a Town nieetiiit^ that 

Mr. \Vifx<jin, Mr. Dudley and Mr. Clemants shall be Associates 

to the Countey Court, if the other tovvnes in the Countey shall 

assent thereunto. 

August 26tli, 1650. P. .^7 

The Ten Aker lott lying on the neck of land over against 

Mr. Dudley's house wch was somtime given to Edward [ohn- 

son of Hampton (if he com to huild upon it in reasonable time) 

is now given by the Towne unto Joiin Legat for a hous lott. 

r. 60 

Att a Towne Meeting, the (o) of (10) mo. 1650. 
It is agreed upon that the Townsemen shall have power to 
make a Rate upon all such of the inhabetants of the Towne as 
do(. not volcntarey bring in according to their abiletyes for the 
sattisfieing of the Towne's engaggement unto Mr. Dudlev for 
his maintenance. 

Att a l^owne Meeting, the (19) of Febr. 1650. P. 63 
There is given and granted unto Mr. vSam'll Dudley, Eightev 
Akcrs Swampe Land, lyeing about Southeast from the falls, 
lyeing neere unto Humphery Willson's great lott on the one 
h;md an Mr. Whelwrit's crceke runing from it, and the great 
plaine on the East sid of it, and all the timber and underwood 
upon the said 80 Akers of Land, to him and his iieires forever. 
31y, The Three Townsemen wch now are, viz : Ilenerev 
Roby, Thos. King and John Legat, are made choice of l)y the 
Towne to vindicate the credit and rejMitation of Mr. Dudlev 
against the rcproachfull speeches and calumnations of John 
Garland, by proceeding against him in law according to the 
demerit of his part. 

(See Hell's history. P. 16) 

.Att a l\^wne Meeting, the (26) ol the (4) mo. 16oO. P. 64 
It is agreed upon that Francis Swaine shall have 20 S. for 
his paines and time in going into the bay to receive Mr. Dud- 
ley's pay. 



EXETKR ROrXDARIF.S. 19 

It is agreed upon that a meeting house shall he huilt of twenty 
foot square, so soone as workmen can conveanteantly he pro- 
cured to do it. And the place appointed for it is att the corner 
of William Tavler's lott next the street, and VViMiam Tayler is 
to have of the Townc 20 S. for live rods s(|uare of liis hmd in 
that place. 

It is granted unto Mr. vSaiiuiell Dudley all the laud which is 
att tlu- 1 md of the ten aker lotts on the neck of land over against 
the towne, wch is not formerly granted out. 

Att a Towne meeting, the (1) of the (7) mo. 1651. P. 65 
It's ordered that John Warren shall goo into the Bay to 
receive the town's pay of Mr. Kimball for Mr. Dudley, and to 
see for the waights and measers, that Mark Hands p'cure them 
and send them forthwith according to the Townesemen's agree- 
ment with him, and that the said John Warren shall have 20 S. 
for his panes and expenses in corne of the Towne. 

Att a Towne Meeting, the (29) of the (10) mo. 1651. P. 66 

It is g^-anted to Mr. Dudley liberty to fence in that piece of 
ground whare the graves are, and to have the use of the lands 
for graseing or feeding of Cattle whilst he stayes in Exeter, but 
not to breake up the saide land, and when he leaves the land 
he is to take up the fence againe or to be payd for it. 

It is agreed upon that Mr. Samuell Dudley, Mr.^Edw. Hil- 
ton, Mr. Edw. Oilman, John Legat and Humphrey Willson 
shall have power t(j make an agreement with Hampton and 
Dover about tiic bounds of the Towne, or to petition to the 
Ginerall Court about it, if they cannot agree with the other 
townes, and to consider about tlie easeing of the towncs • • • 
thev may about the manner of payments for the minester's 
maintenance and for the exchange of the land that is by the 
saw mill belonging to Mr. Dudley his house, and for to dispose 
of the ten akers of land sometime givene to Will Whitredg, if 
he come to dwell in. 



20 en ANT F(ir: a saw mill. 

P. 67 

Att a Tnwnc Nrcctiiifj, alt Exeter tlie (20) day of (2) mo. 1652. 

It is j^rantcd and voated and agreed upon that Mr. Samuell 
L^iidley and John Lcj^at shall have libcrtv to build or erect a 
saw mill at tlio second or third fall from the Towne. which 
they shall like best of. And to have timber for there mill on 
the canons there. .And the tearmes on which thev have this 
grant i.s. that they shall pav unto the Towne the som of five 
pounds a yeare for so long time as the said mill is employed in 
sawing and to aforde the Towne for there own use boards att 
three shillings a hundred, if they fetch them from the mill. 
And the falls aliove mentioned are to be understood of tails that 
are on the greate fresh river, above anev of the mills that are 
alretlv l)uilt. 

And this grante is given unto the saide Mi'. Samuell Dudley 
anil Jno. Legat, theire heires and assines forever, as our meane- 
ing is of the other mills formerlv granted. 

Witness hereunto the selectmen's hands : 

Edw. Hilton, 
Tho. Petit, 
Ino Legat. 



EXETER TOWXE RECORD. P. 69 

Att a Towne Meeting, the (1(1) of Mav, l<io2. 

Mr. Samuell Dudley, Mr. Edw. HiltoM, Mr. Edw. Gillman 
and Tho King are chosen to meet with the Comm-itioneres 
appointed to lay out the bounds between us .md Hampton, to 
agetate and concluil with tliem or to make theie objections 
according to the Court order, if thev cannot agree. 

4ly, .Vtt the towne meeting afore named the (10) of May, 
16.V2. 

It is gi\en and granteil unto the saide Mi'. Sanuieil Dudlev 
and John Legat, one bundled akers of land a pece, att or above 
the uper falls on the maine fresh River by estimation about two 
or three miles from the Towne on the heither side of the River, 
whare there grant is for a saw mill, neere to the new Comon 



KKCOItns CONfEKNlNf; I;kV. SAMfKI, DlTni.EV. I'l 

field, which is graiilctl on iho other sidr of the Kivci, and the 
saide Mr. Dudley and John Let^at are to secure tiie said Comou 
Field from any tiespas by there cattle which thev cariey 
thither for workinj^j '>r feeding there. 

Edw. GiHm.iiK Koh. Sawcrs ;\nd Tho. IV-lit do descent from 
this grant. 

May 10, 10.-) L>. I'. 71 

lOly. It is ordered and agreed upon and bv the Towne 
requested, that Mr. Saniuell DutUev and Mr. Edw. (iillman 
shall goo to the next (jineiall Courte as messenger for the 
Towne, to treat with the Courte about the Libertves and bounds 
of our Towne that we be not infringed upon either by Dover 
or Hampton. 

Att a Towne meeting, the (20) of the (3) mo. IG— . P. 71 

1. Whereas att our last meeting the (10) of this prsant (8) 
— Mr .Samuell Dudley and Mr. Edw. Gilhnan were requested 
to goo to the Ginerall Courte as messengers in the Towne's 
behalfe to petition to the said Courte about tlie bounds and 
libertyes of our Towne, it is now agreed upon by the Towne to 
request Mr. Samuell Dudlev alone to goo to the saiil Generall 
Courte about the aforesaide buisiness, and Mr Gillman is 
freed from it. 

2. It is agreed upon that Mr. Dudlev and John Legat 
ilesired to compose the petition to send to the saide C'ourte. 

3. Mr. Sam'll Dudley, Mr. Edw. Hilton, Thos. Petit, John 
Legat, Edw. Gillman, fames Wall, Humphrey Willson, 
Nicholas Leeson and Thomas Cornish, or any six of them are 
made choyce of to set their hands to the aforesaid petition, in 
the behalfe of the rest of the Towne, and that all the towne or 
anv that please may com on the 2d day morning to the meeting 
hous to liear the petition read. 

Att a Towne Meeting the (!')) of the (12) mo., 1653. i*. 7M 
1. It is ordered and agreed that the selectmen have power 
given them by the Towne to take sume course with Captane 
Wiggin about Mr. Dudley's rate, according as tliey .shall sec- 
meet. 



22 a<;i:kkmf.nt with kkv. samiel dtdlky. 

Att a T..\vnc Mcetin<; tli (13) of the (4) mo., 1655. P. 82 

It is a<jrceii upon and voated tliat the tovviieseinen of Exeter 
have full p iwer granted onto them to ct^nt'erme that covenant 
consarnin;4i' a dede or sale of tlie house and land that was some- 
time Mr. \VlK'I\vril'.> unto Mr. Samuell DudleVi or make it 
good to liim, according to a covenant wch was read to the towne 
at a meetinge the ( 13 ) 4th mo., 5.i, the covenent beinge on the 
leafe followingc : 

These witnesseth that wlieroas the inhahetents of the Towne 
of Exeter had called Mr. Samuell Dudlev to l^e their minester, 
and for his vearh allowance had covenented to pay him fourtey 
pounds, but finding everv yeere more and more in respect of 
the towne's decieasing and other inabilityes, that the burden 
wch ihev tooke upon themselves was greater than they could 
well beare, and alsoe the said Sam beinge not willing to urge 
tliat from them wch they could not comfortably discharge, it is 
therefore, mutually agreed betweene them, from this time for- 
ward. I he dav of tiie date hereof, to make nullitv of that con- 
tract well is recorded in the Towne booke. And therefore, the 
saide Sam., for his pte from this tvme, doth lav downe his 
place ot'lieing a minester, and what exercises he shall p'forme 
on the Sa'ob.ith day, to doe them as a private p'son for this 
p'setit sommer. He doeth p'mise to p'forme them constantlv, 
afterwards he is to be at his liberty. Bat yet soe long as he 
shall continue in the Towne of Exeter, he doeth intend and 
promise to be helpefuU what he may with convenience, either 
in his owne house or some other wch shall be appointed for the 
Sabbath exercises. 

As for the inhalietants of the Towne of Exeter for their pte 
by these p'sents they have bargained and sold unto the said 
Sam. all that purchase formerly bought of Mr. Whelwrit, viz : 
that dwelling house wherein the saide Sam. lives, cowhouse, 
house lott an 1 meddow with the canonage and what other ap- 
purtenances belong thereunto, and for the consideration of these 
pr'mises, the saide Sam. doeth pay fifty pounds in manner as 
followeth : 

Twenty pounds being halfe of the rate within this present 



AGREEMENT WITTI l:KV. SAMFFJ. M'TiLKV. 23 

yeere due to the said Sam. ; litteeiie pounds or tliereahouts wcli 
the Tovvne is beliiud haiiil for former rates, and tifteene pounds 
in respect of what labour shall he p'formed this p'sent sommer. 
Furthermore, the said Sam. promiseth that when he cloeth re- 
move with his famelye from the Towne to dispose of himselfe 
elsewhere, to offer to the tovvne, his house, his house lott,med- 
dow and what otiier accommodations he hath l)Ought of them, 
at the same price of fifty pounds, to be paid in corne and Eng- 
lisii goods,as is expressed in a former covenant betweene them, 
or else in soiuid well conditioned, neat cattle indifferently 
prized. 

Provided, that this p ly be made witliin halfe a veere after 
the aforesaid Sam. shall have <^iven warning of his removall. 
And in case the said Sam. shall decease, they to whom the 
aforesaid pr'misses shal be left shal have libertye to enjoy them 
a whole yeere after antl then the towne to possesse them. 

Proviiied. that pr'sent pay as al)ove expressed in kind, be 
then made to them that shal have power to receive it. 

Furthermore, the said Sam. doeth promise that what paines 
he shall take in pr'forming Sabbathe exercises after this som- 
mer to re()niie nothing of the towne. Alsoe the inlial^itents of 
Exeter doe promise that what cost or charge shall be bestowetl 
and laid out upon the house, lott, meadow, in building, repair- 
ing, fencing or other cost by the said Sam. layd out, that be 
over and above payd to the said Sam., his heires or his 
assignes, as it shall be then judgeil worth by indifferent prisers 
when the fyfty pounds shall be paid, and that in the same kind 
ofpavment. For the consideration hereof the said Sam. hath 
put to his hand for his pte, and they whose names are umler- 
written being select townsemen, in tlie behalfe of the towne, 
tiiis thirteenth day of June, IG.jo. 

John ( ill. I. MAN, 
Sa.m. Di'DLKv, Tiio Pettkt, 

\\ II.I.IAM MOOI'HK 



24 TOWN VOTES. 

P. 86 EXETER TOWX RECORD. 

Att a full towne meeting legally wanieJ, the eight day of 
Juiu'. 10.t7. 

It was oiilercd .ukI agreed that so long as Mi'. Sam Dudley 
shall continue to l)e a minester in the towne of Exeter, which 
shall liee till there shall hee some just cause for him to remove, 
whereof he is not to hee judge himselfe, hut other indifferent 
undirstanding men, tiie feunes of the people or greater main- 
tenance to be a cause, are excepted, the towne of Exeter is to 
pay to the said Sam the sume of fvfty pounds yeerelv, in 
nierchantat>le j^ine hoards and in meichantahle pipe staves, both 
to lie ilelivered bv the water syde at the Towne of Exeter, at 
the currant price as thev shall goe at when they are delivered; 
ifthel)oards and staves do not reach tlie said sume the re- 
mainder to lie paid in merchantable corne, the tyme of pav- 
mcnt is to be twice in the veere bv equal portions, the first 
pavm't is to begin at the nvne and twentveth day of Septeinber 
nexicomming, the other pavm't to he made bv tiie foure and 
twent\fth day "f fime next and soe from yeere to yeere. 

Furtheiniore. it is ordered at the same meeting, that the 
dwelling house, hose lott and other lotts, and the meadow on 
the west s\(le of Exeter river, all formerlv Mr. Whelwrit's, 
wth all lights and privilcdges belonging thereto and what else 
was forir.erh Mi'. Whelwrit's shall be confirmed unto the said 
Sam. his heiies and assignes from this time forever, not with- 
standing an\ i^romise or engagement to the contrarv. Except- 
ing that pece of meddow wch Ives upon Mr. Whelwrit's 
Creeke, now in the saivl Sam. his possession being purchased 
by him of the towne of Exeter, wch the said towne is again to 
have upon the saiil Sam. Dudlev's iiis removal from the towne 
or upon his decease, paying to him his heires, executors, ad- 
ministrators or assines, the sum of seventeen pounds in mer- 
chantatile current ])av. 

Furtiiermoie, it is ordered that the selectmen of the towne 
shall veerelv, as ahovesaid, gather up the said sume. and in 
case they be defective herein to be answerable to the towne 
for their default and to pay themselves what is not gathered up 
by them. Voted. 



TOWN Vf)TKS. -J.) 

1'. ni 

Att a townc meeting the 1 of May, H».07, it was ordt-icd 

that John Ticl aiul Coriieliii-, Mr. Dinllcv's man, uc now ap- 
pointed by the towne to looke into thi- mcd<iows and what liog 
or hogi^s they shall tuid rooting upon the metldows to bring 
them to the townc, tor every hog so rooting thev are to luive 
eighteen pence ior their labors from ihc owners of the same, 
and eighteen pence more to l)e paid to the owner of the 
mcdow. 

1'. IM 
At a towne meeting, March 4, 16o8. 

At tlie saine meeting it was ordered that Mr. Sam Dudley 
and Mr. Hilton should have power to treat with Captane 
\\ ig.gin, as alsoe to agree with him, what annual pavm't he is 
to make to th" towne towards the bearing of ch irges for the 
pubhque minestry, according as the rates are made for the 
p'sent, by the saw mills and pine staves, o;- as thev shiU be 
made atterwards. 

It was granted att this towne meeting (March 4, 1658) to 
Sam. Dudley, that tract of lanil between GrifTin Montagues 
house lott and .Mr. Stanion's Creeke, lying all oti the right 
hand of the path next to the river upon consideration of draw- 
ing out all the grants in the towne booke or anv other neces- 
.sarie ortlers contained in the same wch grants and orders 
are to be fairlv written ; provided, that if there be found any 
order or grant recorded formerley in any towne booke to 
hinder this grant, then this grant to Sam. Dudlev to be of no 
effect, other wais to stand in force. 



.March 30, 1670. I*. 102 

There was granted to .Sam. Dudley ten akers of land lying 

between Montague's lott and Stanion's brooke, if there be so 

much to be found there. 

Of this grant there is found and given out fyve akers or> 

each side of Stanion's brooke. 



26 TOWN VOTES. 

P. !07 
Att a tiuvnc incelintj, the lOtli of Oct. 1664. 
Tlierc was tjr.iiUed to Sam. Uiuilev that pece of laml speci- 
ficil hffoie tjivcii to Mr. Rohlv, iiotwillist.indhifj all excep- 
tions in tlie towne hooUe lecorded. 

16th day. 3rd nio. 1643. 
Mr. Tho«;. Rashlev had a grant of land between Griffin 
Montague's lot and Mr. Stanion's creeke containing 14 or 16 
acres excepting 2'j akers. 

Oct. 10. 1664. P. 106 

There was granted to Richard Brav 3ii akers adjoining to 
th;it gra'it bought <A Mr. Sam. Dudley. 

Att a towne meeting, the tenth of Julv, 1671. P. 116 
It was ordereil tiiat whereas heretofore the selectmen of the 
towne were appointe.l and bound to gather up the minister's 
rate, it is from tliis tvme forward ordered and agreed upon that 
Mr. Sam. Dudlev is to gather up his rate himselfe and for con- 
sideration of iiis p.tines and labour, whereas his veerelv rate 
."unounted to tlie sum of fyft\- pounds, formerly, there is now 
gr.mted to him six'.y pounds, in such kind of pay as hath been 
formerly agreed of betweene him and the tovyne, and to be paid 
at such tymes as the last towne order mentione. 

The selectmen are to make the sixty pound rate yeerely. and 
in c .se any inhabetant sh dl refuse to ;)a\- his rate, the select- 
men of the towne are to empower the said Sam DutUev to get 
it by the constable. Moreoyer, at the same meeting, it was 
ordered and granted that what is due oyer and aboye by way 
of rale these three yeeres last past, every man being paid his 
due, the overplus is to be paid to the said Sam., it was also 
ordered at the same meeting, that when the rates for these three 
yeeres last past are delivered up into the hands of the said Sam. 
the townesmen are to be discharged of further trouble in 
gathering of rates for the minester. 



GILANT TO \IKV. SA.MI KL DIDLKV. "J ( 

Att a towMc meeting, April 29, lfi72. V. 120 

It was ordered and aj^reed tliat Mr. Diidlev, Leirteiient Hall 
and [oliu Gilnian shall and have ful pcnver to treat and agree 
witii Hampton men. and to issue al differences that are or 
may l)e hetweene the inhahetents of Hampton and Exeter, 
concerning lande. \'otcd. 

Att a lovvne meeting the thjrtyeth day ot" March, IG74. I*. 12-^ 
There was granted to Sam. Dudley six hundred akers of land 
for a farme to be layeil out where he sliall tind a place con- 
vinient anvwhere he shall make choice of; provided, it be 
within the space of two miles distant froin the towne, which is 
to be understooil from the meeting liouse. 

P. 122 

Att a towne meeting, upon the nvne and twentveth day of 
vSeptember, ir>7'l. 

The six hundred acres of land granted l<> Mr. Dudley by the 
towne measurers Lieftenant and William Moie, is laved out 
and bounded as toUoweth : 

From the great hill upon the South syde of Picpocket begin- 
ninge at a tree marked on the stump and from that tree joyn- 
inge to Hampton line West and bv North runing to a brooke 
or little liver one mvle aiul a halfe, wlu.-re there are several 
trees marked by the saide rivers syde; from thence beinge 
bounded by the saide river twelve score rod, North by the said 
river thence four hundred and fourtev rfxl Jilast and by South, 
where there is both a twin hemlock and a single hemlock 
marked, neere unto John Folsome, Senior's, planting field. 

In which compasse there is contained fourscore and ten 
acres, above six huiulred. For this reason, that what land shal 
appear legally to be John Folsome, Senior, either granteil to 
himselfe or to any other within the saiil compasse from whom 
he can claime just right and title from, may be allowed unto 
him, if otherwise, the over))lus of the six hundred acres is to 
be thrown up again to the towne, on that syde next to 
Picpockett. 



28 KXr.TEU GRANTS. 

Att a towne mcliii};, llic 7tli of IVliiuaiv (lti80.) P. 128. 

It w.jN oidcrtul tliat wlit-roas the minister's rate was to lie 
nai<i at or before the l\vent\eth riay of April 1, upon some 
ic.tson seemini; tjood to the freeman, it is now ordered tVom 
lienccfoui til it shall he paid in ;it or before the twentycth day 
of March 

There was grante<l to Mr. Diidlev on the Northwest syde of 
his <iwellin<:^ house, on the iiack svdc of his pasture next his 
hou>e, twentv akers of land, or as much as mav be found there 
if not all the said quantilv ; not invaiiin^^ on any man's 
|")iopcrtv. 

riu'se twentv akers are bounded as foUoweth : Heginninj^ 
at a white oake above his house upon the hill, and soe froiii 
thence runiiifj upon a Northwest Ivne to a jjreat hemlock 
marked upon foure sydes. from thence upon a Northeast lyn,' 
t<) a white oake marked as abovesaid, and from thence on a 
Soutiieast Ivne to a jjreat hemlock maiked as al)Ove and soe but- 
tin.^ upon the beds of the lott'^. 

The town measurers biMnij Leftenant Hall, Moses Levit. 

P. 1:^7 

It is alsoe ortlered at the same meetinor, March 11. 1678, that 

Jonathan Thinij: i'- put in the roomc of Ensigne Moore, with 

Mr. r)udlev and Leiftenant Hall, tor the equal di>tribution of 

lan(U, to such as had none when the great lotts were granted. 

Feb. -21, ir.NO. P. 147 

Tliere was a gr.ant to John Sincler of land neere the mo^t 
swamp formerly called Mr. Dudlev's. 

From Bell's Hist, of Exeter, P. 1C8. 
"In the year U'80 the town passed out of the jurisdiction of 
Mas.vjchusetts, under me newlv established roval provincial 
government of New Hampshire. The most notable effect 
which the change produced in parochial affairs was to make 
the minister's rent payable on the twentieth of March, instead 
of one month later, as before." 



\IKV. SAMI'KI. DrDI.KV S IMtniTUTY. 



on 



'Php: Ciiaikm.w : ''The Rev. Saimicl Diullcy, l)CMn<i :i wise 
ni;in, took land, or aiiv other commodity in return lor his ser- 
vices, his salarv reminding one of Goldsmitli's couplet : 
A man he was to all the country dear, 
And passing rich, with foitv pounds a year, 
which shows that in Old Englantl and New England clerical 
stipend was ahout the same at that period. One point 
especialK interesting is t!iat one \ear they gave Mr. niidky a 
little more pay, provided he would collect it himself. 
Miss O'Hara then read part of the 



Inventory of Rev. Samuel Dudley's l^roperty 



A rHUK and perfect inventory of all and singular, ye goods 

and chattels and estate (as they were given unto us whose 
names are underscribed ) of Mr. Sam'll Dutliey, sen., deceased 
Fehruary 10th, 1C82-3 and apprised as followelh : 

L. S. D. 
Imprs in ye Parlor, 1 feather Ijed, 1 holster & 

1 bedstead 03 00 00 

It, in ye chamber, 1 fether bed, 1 bolster, rug, 

1 sheet, 2 blanketts & 1 bedstead 0-3 00 00 

It, 1 flock bed. 2 feather bolsters, rug, 1 

blankett & 1 bedstead 01 10 00 

It, 1 tether bolster & 1 blankett 01 dl 00 

It, 2 flock beds, 1 rug, 1 pillow .^ 1 bedstead .01 10 00 

It, his wearing apparel 1 Oo 12 00 

It, his 1 ands & gloves 00 1 :; 00 

It, 13 paires of sheets <'.') l.s 00 

It, 1 paire more OO ()'.> 00 

It, 4 table clothes 00 OI) 00 

It, 18 napkins at 18 S. & 20 ditto at 10 S. . . .01 08 00 

It, 18 pillowbers 00 19 00 

It, 10 towells 00 0/-. 00 

It, chests & other lumber in ye chambers . . . 00 i .'» 00 



,^0 RKV. SAMrKL DUDLKY's PROPERTY. 

Samuel Dudley's Inn. 

L. 

It. f> cii<;hions 6 S. <fe 1 lanthorne 3 S 00 

It. 1 sa^lfile 1 S. & 1 pillion 5 S 00 

It. shfK>s & stockincjs 00 

It, 1 fethcr heH, 1 pr. ciirtaines & vallences, 5 

hlankett<;, 1 sheet, 1 holster Sc 1 pillow . .07 

It, 17 hookcs 02 

It, 2 chists 10 S. & 2 tables 10 .S 01 

It, 2 forms 6 S. & « chaires 10 S 06 

It, 1 hourglass, looking glass & box iron 00 

It, 1 fire shovel 1 ik. tongues 00 

It, 1 pre. bellows 00 

It, 4 silver spoons & silver porringer 03 

It, 8 tin pans Sc other tining ware 00 

It, 1 chest trays (It tubs in ye seller 02 

It, I chccz press i^ other loniber .01 

It, pewter 03 

It, ;i brass kettles 03 

It, 3 brass skilletts 00 

It, 3 itoii |->otts it iron kettle 00 

It. 3 tranisolls e't 1 ^killcU 00 

It, 1 trying pan, 2 s|1itt>^, 1 gridiron iS: 1 tlesh 

forkc 00 

It. ve ilwelling lumse 40 

It. 1 barnc \; «ihcep liouse 14 

It. I carte. whecU. boxes Os: hoops 00 

It. 1 wanning pan ... 00 

It. 1 plow iS: irons vt other tackling 00 

It. two oxen 08 

It, twv'* steers Oo 

1 1 , 7 cows vt I heifer 16 

It. 1 hoiter. 3 steers & 1 bull 3 years old 07 

It. 4 yearlings 03 

It, 1 matf 30 S. vt 1 caHc o S 01 

It, 2 canoes .01 

It. 8 hog^. S lb., and 10 hogs. 5 lb IS 

It, 20 sheep, at ."> S. peice 05 



s. 


D. 


09 


00 


06 


00 


08 


06 


10 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


16 


00 


n.5 


00 


02 


00 


01 


00 


05 


00 


13 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


01 


00 


12 


00 


05 


00 


18 


00 


08 


00 


06 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


15 


00 


05 


00 


10 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


00 


15 


00 


05 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 



REV. SAMUEL IXDLFA-'s I'ROrEUTY. 31 

It, 1 fowling peice 01 10 00 

It, ye home lott being 15 acres at 3 lb. pr. acre. 45 00 00 

It, ye sheep pasture, 35 acres, at 30 S. pr. acre.. '2 10 00 

It, 25 acres of marsh at 4 lb. per acre 100 ('0 00 

It, 10 acres of flats, at 3 lb. per acre 30 00 00 

It, ye great pasture 6 acres, at 12 S. per acre. .36 00 00 
It. 80 acres of land lying at ye heads of ye 

aforesaid lotts 20 00 00 

It. 600 acres of land neere to pickpockett, at 

5 S. an acre 150 00 00 

It, 2 cows (S: other goods in Moses Leavit's 

hands 10 02 06 

It, 2 cows & other goods in Sam'll Hardy's 

hands 07 00 00 

It, 2 cows & other goods in Kinsley Hall's 

hands 04 05 00 

It, to Biley Dudley 1000 of board navies & 1 

hog 01 O.o 00 

It, for Thomas Dudley's dyett 04 00 00 

It, to wintering Theop. Dudley's hors 00 10 00 

It, to one silver beaker 03 00 00 

It, 1 silver spoon at Sam'll Hardy's 00 08 00 

It, for grass to Biley Dudley 00 15 00 

WILLIAM MOORE 
his 
Robert R. Smart, Apprisors, 
marke 
Witness to ye hands of ye apprisors, 

U. V. .Smith, 
toh.v foulsom, 
Bartho. Tipping. 

Theophilus Dudley, to whom administration was granted of 
the above estate, was sworn before the Governor and Counsell 
that this is a true inventory thereof and ingaged to bring in a 
further inventory if more shall come to hand. 



32 INTRODUCTION OF MISS DUDLEY. 

March 3, 1682. 
Bv fudcr R. CuAMUKHT.AiN, C'k of ye Counsell. 

To the Rifjht Honerabell Edward Cranfield, Esquire & 

Governor of New Hampshire, 

Sir : — Tlies are to acquaint vour Honer that I, EHzal)eth 
[)u(llev. Liite wife of Mr. Samuell Dudley, deceased, have 
agreed witli tlie cliilchen of the said Dudley for my dowery ; 
allso to acquaint xdui" Honer tliat I doe refuse to administer 
and therfore I iloe leave it to my sonn-in-law Theophilus 
Dudley. 

Sir, vours however to serve to niv power, 

March 1st, 16H-_'-3, witness niv hand and seal, 

Elizabeth Dudley. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Dudlev ownes this al)ove to be her acte and 
dcile this 2d of March, 1G82-.3, before me, 

John Gh.lman of the Counsell. 

CHAIRM.W : We may say of the Rev. Samuel Dudley what 
is often said of the Puritan Colonists, that thev married early 
and often. 

Some items in tnis inventorv partlv form the basis of the 
paper we are next to hear. Last year one of our most attrac- 
tive speakers was Mrs. Orinda Dudley Hoinbrooke, a gifted 
kinswoman, who is doin^j s> distinguished a work, which may 
be called art-philanthropic, in lecturing most wiselv here and 
there, nil Birds and i^onnets. ;uui tlierebv we.uiing many women 
from their destructive use of feathers for onia nental purposes. 
When we heard of a certiin Miss Dudlev, in the New Hamp- 
shire ca]i:tal, we at first thought her name must be Orinda. 
Then wc d-cided it was (^riana, and so misprinted it on the 
invitation circulars; but really her name is Ariana, — a name, 
Mr. Perry tells me, borrowed from the Bohemian. It is but 
right that we otVer Miss Ariana an apology for the blunder, and 
assure you that she is not a bit airy, but a Yankee woman of 
as sound flesh and blood as she manipulates in her pursuit of 
the Munroe medical practice She has been delving in the 



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i PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



ASTOR. LtNOX Ar;C 
TILOEN rOL'NDATIONS. 



SAMfKL I)ri>I,KY's THRI'tF, WIVKS. 83 

eaitli for facts roj^ai . l'm<^ the wives of the Rev. Samuel. In 
t!ie Morrill parlor the other day I saw an aiicietU letter, written 
by some Puritan younpj man to the father of a <jirl he wished to 
marry. Whether the Rev. Samuel pioi)osc(l to either of hit 
three wives by proxy we do not know, i)ut such facts as can be 
learned about them will now be presented. 

Samue! Dudley's Three Wives. 

\ l'.\yE\<. IIY .Ml-*S AlCIANA S. Dl-KI.KT. 



A/r. Prcsidctit and Af embers of the Dudley Family 

" And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of 
the people and their otKcers sayinj^, ^'e shall no more ^ive the 
people straw to make brick as heretofore ; let them <4o and 
feather straw for themselves. Ami the tale of the bricks which 
they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them." When I 
entered on my biographical researches for the wives of the 
Reverend Sainuel Dudlew I began to appreciate the woes of 
the chiUlren of Israel and to feel that my task was not unlike 
theirs — a feeling tliat increased as I was forced to realize that 
there was no exact record of the birth of anyone of these 
women, the dates of their several marriages could r)idy be 
approximated, and all mention of their names was merely 
incidental and well-nigh characterless. 

But the children of Israel ran away and I w.is about to imi- 
tate the precedent thus established when the postman one tlay 
handed me an envelope bearing the Dudley coat of arms. I 
opened it and read that my task was assigned. Retreat was 
impossible now. The Red Sea had rolled back and left me on 
the hither side. However, if science is riglit, anil the indivichial 
character is largely determined by heredity and environment, 
we may hope to get from the family history and surrounding* 
reliable sidelights on the character of these women, if we are 
not permitted full portraiture. 

The first wife of the Reverend Samuel Dudlev was Mary, 
daughter of John Winthrop, first governor u\ M.i^sachusctts 
Bay Colony. 



34 MAKY WINTHROl- DUDLEY. 

Tlie name Wiiithrop mav he traced for at least six centuries 
and a half. The English home of the Winthmp'. was at Groton. 
Suffolk County, anti there mav still be seen the old cliurch in 
\vhicii they worshipped. In his Life and Letters of John 
Winthrop, Robert C. Winthrop says, " There, in the old 
parish register, I found the date of the death of the heacl of the 
family in 16:^2. There, too, was the tomb in which the father, 
the grandfather, and possibly the great grandfather of the Hrst 
emigrant to New England had been successively buried, bear- 
ing an inscription in Latin now almost illegible." Enough 
could be decipheretl, however, to verifv an ancient copv. Mr. 
Winthrop also visitetl the site of the old familv mansion, of 
which he says, " Not one stone was left upon another of the 
house in which John Winthrop, Governor of Massachusetts, 
and his son John Winthrop, Governor of Connecticut, had 
both lived, and beneath whose roof were prepared and pondered 
the memorable ' Conclusions ' which determined them to quit 
their native soil." It is ascertained from the diary of his father 
that John Winthroj) was a member of Trinitv College, Cam- 
bridge, two years ; but his career there was brought to a prema- 
ture close in 1604, probablv bv his marriage with Marv F'>rth, 
daughter of John Forth of Great Staml)ridge, Es.sex, when 
Winthrop was but seventeen vcars old. " John Winthrop 
wrote of his wife Mary that she was a ' right Godlv woman,' 
but there are no letters of hers among the family papers to 
indicate her character and traits save one little note addressed 
to her ' sweet husband,' and of interest onlv because it was 
treasured by her son John, but her children have risen up and 
called her ble»sed." 

John Winthrop was characterized bv his sincere pietv, single- 
ness of heart, and the loftv motives and principles which 
governed his conduct. 

In lier life of Margaret Winthiop in the series. Women of 
Colonial and Revolutionary Times^ Mrs. Earle says, " John 
Milton has been held bv many to be the noblest tvpe of a Puri- 
tan. I think that John Winthrop, as seen both in his public 
career and his domestic life, in deeds a> well as words, is a far 



MARV wiNTunoi' Drm.Kv. 35 

nobler personification of the essential spirit and flower of 
Puritanism." 

Of such parentaj^e was !)i>rii, about the year 1G12, Mary 
Winthrop, the suliject of our sketch. 

It is logical to grant that she inhcriteil the sterling cjualitie* 
of her ancestors, and her training and surroundings tended to 
foster them. 

In December of IGl.'), Winthrop married a second wife, 
Thomasine Clopton, daughter of William Clopton, Esq., of 
Castleins, a seat near Groton, a famous familv. She lived l)ut 
one year, and Winthrop in extolling her many virtues, savs, 
" Her loving and tender care of my children was such as might 
become a natural mother." In the touching death bed scene of 
this wite he says, '' Then she calleil my children and blessed 
them severally, and would needs have Mary brought that she 
might kiss her, which she diil." In the Life and Letters of 
John Winthrop aforementioned, I (ind but one other reference 
to Mary. In Winthrop's will, made in 1620, there occurs the 
following clause, " Item, for Mary mv daughter, I will that my 
executor shall pay her grandfather Forth his legacy of two hun- 
dred and forty pounds to be paid her at her age of eighteen 
years, and withal I do commit her to the care of my executors 
to be well and Christianly educated with such goods as I shall 
kave unto them." A noble provision for a daughter when we 
consider that it was made nearly three hundred years agrj. 

The diary of John Winthrop's father, Ailam Winthrop, 
records minor details of the infancy of John Winthtop, Junior, 
in whom he manifestly takes great pride, but I fiiul no mention 
of Mary. In the Life and Letters of John Winthrop^ already 
referred to, much correspondence between father and son is 
quoted, and it is said the former " gave great attention to the 
education of his sons, and money without ^tinr," but the few 
lines already quoted cover all reference U* .Mary. I take this, 
however, as no evidence that Mary was less gifted than her 
brothers. The opinion expresseil by Mr. Tulliver that "a 
clever woman is like a long-tailed sheep, none the belter for 
that," was well-nigh universal in those days. Indeed, I judge 
from the following extract from her father's writinKs some 



36 MAI-.Y WINTnROV DUDLEY. 

years Liter, that if Mary had shown evidence of any but domes- 
tic gifts she would have received Httle encouracremcnt from him. 
He says, " Tlie Governor of Hartford upon Connecticut came 
to Boston and hrou<^ht his wife with him (a Godiv young 
woman and of s])ecial parts) who was fallen into a sad infirmity, 
the loss of her understanding and reason, which had been grow- 
ing upon her divers vears hv occasion of her giving herself 
wholly to reading and writing, and had written manv books. 
Her husband, being very loving and tender of her, was loath 
to grieve her, but he saw his error when it was too late. For 
if she liad attended to her iiousehold affairs and such things as 
belong to women, and not gone out of her wav and calling to 
meddle with such things as are proper for men whose minds 
are stronger, she liad kept her wits, and might have improveti 
them usefullv and honorably in the place God had set her." 

In 16 IH Winthrop married a third wife, Margaret, daughter 
of Sir John Tvndale, of Great Maplestead in Essex Countv, and 
this is the woman whom John Winthrop's children must have 
best known as mother, the Margaret Winthrop of Mrs. Earle's 
volume. Slic ches in 1647 and her husband's journal contains 
this entry at her death, " A woman of singular virtue, modesty 
and pietv, and specially beloved and honored of the country." 

In ir'29 Winthrop resigned the position of *' Attorne}' of 
the Court of Wards and Liveries." His biographer savs : " His 
opposition to the course of the Government at this period, and 
his manifest sympathy with those who were suffering under its 
unjust exactions and proscriptions, may have cost him his place ; 
or he may have resigned it voluntarily, in view of the new plans 
of life which more than one of his letters would seem to indi- 
cate he was contemplating.'" He was chosen Governor of 
the Massachusetts Company. October 20, 1629. 

Mary Winthrop came to this country with her brother, John 
Winthrop, Junioi, in 16^1, at the age of nineteen. 

On the main street, now Washington Street, near the site of 
the Old South Church, lived Governor Winthrop. " We may 
be sure the structure was a plain one, for we recall the Gov- 
ernor's rebuke to Thomas Dudley for his over luxurious dwell- 
ing." The house contained only six rooms, with lofts and 



MARY \VISTIII:<>1' 1)1 HI.KA . 37 

garrets, t)iit must have l)een faiilv conimoiiioiis, for vvc hear nf 
large gatherings heing held in it "It stood until Revolu- 
tionary times, Dccnpieci, from Reverenil folui Norton's ilay, J)y 
the Old South Church as a pnrsonagc, and its fate wis to be 
destroyed for firewood hv British soldiers." 

To quote again from Mrs. E.irle's Margaret VVinlhrop: 
" That her life in Boston was an active, lahorious, over-Hllcil 
life, we cannot iloubt, — so crowded with manifold an<l varied 
household duties, similar to her housewifcrv in Iilngland, that 
but few hours were left for what we should term pleasure* 
She also had many cares owing to her husband's office; for he 
apparently not only held the court in his hou.se, but he also 
entertained the deputies, anil all visitors were welcomed with 
simple dignitv and hospitalitv to his home." 

In this Puritan household, with its plain living and high 
thinking, the eldest daughter, Marv, could have had no incon- 
siderable part, nor can we doubt that she was a bright and 
shining light therein. That important element of <lailv lile, 
domestic service, was well piovided for in the colonies from the 
earliest days. Winthrop tells of the large number of servants 
he '■'■ took with him to keep up his proper a[)pearance in his 
station of life " Mary DuiUey's trouble to procure servants, 
referreil to in her correspondence later, was due to the fact that 
she lived outsitle the large towns, — servants then, as now, having 
an aversion to leaving the Hub. 

In her Boston home Mary Winthrop was surrounded by the 
best minds of the Colony. Of the forty or fifty Cambriiige and 
Oxford men who were in Massachusetts up to the vear 163y. 
Mr. Dexter says that one-hall were situated within five miles of 
Boston or Cambridge. Among these were [ohn Harvard. 
Henry Dunster, first president of Harvanl College, ami Kogcr 
Williams Among these, too. were many old friencN, many 
who had lived near them in their English home; Reverend 
George Piiillips, of Watertown ; Reverend .Nathaniel Roger*. 
Reverend John Eiske, John Sherman, IC/ekiel Rogers, and 
Nathaniel Ward. These men and their wivis could not fail to 
form an intellectual and congenial social circle. 

In 1633 Mary Winthrop was married to the Reverend 



38 MARY WINTHHOr Dl'DLEY. 

Samuel Dudley, lint I find nowhere anv reference to the court- 
ship or weddin;^, and there is even an uncertainty as to the date. 
The}- li\ed successively at Cambridi^e. Ipswich, and Salisbury. 
Mary Winthrop Dudley died April 12, 164:3, at Salisbury, at 
the birth of her son Samuel, who died five davs later. So sav 
the Salisbury records. vShe is buried in tin- old burying ground 
at Salisbury, on the road to the beach. Of her five chililren, 
four died young. Ann married Colonel Ed^vard Hilton of 
Exeter, and was mother of Colonel Winlhrop Hilton, a dis- 
tinguished soldier of the Indian wars. 

Seven letters, written by Mary Dudley, were found an^.ong tlie 
Winthrop papers and are printed in the fust volume of the Fifth 
Series of the Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections. 
Of these letters one is written to her brother and is inscribed 
thus : 

To my Deare and Loueing Brother, Mr. John Winthrop of 
Boston, give this. 
Deak and Lol'Eing Bkothfr : My loue lemcnibered to 
yourselle and my deare sister. I am sorrv that I shall not se 
you takf your journey to Coneticott, but I wish \ ou a prosper- 
ous viage. I giue you man\ thanks for your many token> that 
you sent me, which will doe me great pleasure, being I had 
but a little sugar ith (in the) house. And remember mv duty 
to my father and mother, and pray thanke my father tor mv 
parsnips, and pray my mother to send me as much cloth as will 
make John three shirtes, and that as vou write about John 
Davis I haue sent to him to do it. So haueing nothing more to 
say I rest 

Your truly loueing sister, 
Ipswich, February 26, (1635-6). Mary Dudley. 

The other letters are written to her step-mother, Margaret 
Winthrop, and one bears the superscription : 

To my very deare and loueing mother, Mrs. Winthrop, give 

this at Boston, I pray. 

Deare Mother : After my bounden duty. I still continue 

to be a troublesome suter to you, in the behalfe of a mavd. I 

should hardly haue made so bold to iterate my request, but such 



MAI'.V WISTIH'.ol' I•|■I)I,I^^. 39 

is mv ncccssitv tli it I am toicfd to ciaiu- voui lirlp hearcin at 
speediK as mav l)c, inv mav«l l>ciii<4 to ;^i> awa\ vpou Mavd.u, 
an<l I am like to lie altoijethcr tlcstituti-. I cannot j^ct her If) 
sta\ a month loiif^cr; ami I am so ill and weak that I am like 
to be put to tjreat straits if" 1 cannf»t jjet one hv youi means I 
doe not doiiht of vonr care heaiein, luit Mt I make hold to put 
voii in mind, lest \ ou should conceiiic mv need to he iessc than 
it is. My hnsband ih williny to stand to what \ on shall thinke 
meet to <;iiie. 1 ilesite to have mv dutv ai\d thankfnllne«.sc 
presented to my tather foi the wheat he sent me h\ the pinace. 
I haue not vet receiued it, hut h\ mv lettei I perceiue there is 
some for me. 

I intreut you would he pleased to semi those thiiv^cs that I 
formerly writ von. 1 am ashamed of my holdness in this anvl 
other requests, but the constant experience ol your lone and 
bounty to me makes me still presume on your favor. 

I desire the mavd that vou provide me may be one that hath 
been used to all kind of work and must refuse none. If she 
haue skill in a davrie 1 shall be the jjlatMer. My children are 
well, and my husband, who ilesires to haue his tluty and service 
presented to my father and you. Thu> intrcatiuK your accept- 
ance of these scril'bled lines, I humbly take my leane 

Your dutiful! daughter, 
April 28, (163G). M.\n\ niDi.KY. 

The other letters are similar in tone. Here are discl<<seil to 
us the perplexities of the mother and housekeeper, in a new 
countrv and under trying circumstances. 

On one occasion, after asking her mother to semi her variout 
household articles and small wares, she says, '• Dwelling so 
farre from ve Bay makes mc ye oftencr troublesome to you, but 
mv api).)logie is needlesse." Again she says, " I desiie your 
pra\ers ami my father's for me, yt (iod would deal mercyfully 
with me as I haue had experence of his goodncs,se towards me." 

Each letter reveals to us an ideal devotion to her husband and 
children and the highest regard for her father's family, 
especially for her stei'mother. An affectionate trust is apparent 
between them, hardly to be excelleil had they been united by 



40 THE SKCONI) MHS. DUDLEY. 

ties of blood. Brief as these letters are and of necessity con- 
fined to the exigences of her daily life, thev are vet our best 
avenues to the acquaintance of Mary Dudley; and, althoufjh 
she little dreamed that she was putting; herself on record for 
future generations in these scribbled lines as she herself calls 
them, yet well and admirably does she stand the test. There 
is nowhere a murmur or an impatient word, but a heroism and 
a trust in God meet to stand beside the men of those times, and 
fully justifying the beauty and grace of character which tiadi- 
tion has accorded to her. 

The Reverend Samuel Dudlev soon took unto himself a 
second wife, Mary Biley, who came to New England in 1638, 
at the age of twenty-two, on the sliip Bevis. She accompanied 
her l)rother Henry, who was, together with Mr. Dudlev, one 
of the twelve incorj:)orators of the town. Of these twelve men 
Henry Biley was one of the two who lived and died there. 
Mary Biley's grandfather was Henry Biley, (icntleman of New 
Sarum, County of Wilts, England. He owned tanneries and 
did an extensive business. The family was one of importance. 
His will, madf in 1633, and proved the following vear, shows 
him to be a man of means, and furnishes very quaint and inter- 
esting reading withal. I quote the bequests made to his grand- 
children, Henry and Mary Biley. 

" To my grandson, Henry Biley, ten pounds in monev and 
my bedstead, and one of my great chests, and mv >quare table 
board, and my cuplioard which are in my great chamber; and 
my cupboard in m\ hall and the cupboard and table board in 
my kitchen, and one of my silver beakers, and mv biggest brass 
pot save one which is to the Lvmbuke, and mv biggest biass 
kettle, and my second tyled house, standing in the row bv the 
corn market, next to the ' pillory,' and all mv vats, etc., etc., 
in and about my tan house, etc. 

" To my granddaughter, Mary Bilev, t<. n pounds and a silver 
beaker." There are numerous other legacies, and two churches 
and the parish poor are remembered. 

As to Mary herself there is no record beyond the bald state- 
ment that she married the Reverend Samuel Dudlev and had 
probably five children and died in 1651, about a year after their 



THK SKCOND MUS. IMKM.V. 41 

removal U> I^xttcr. It almost scenis straiij;r perhnps that nci 
record ol churcli or town, no tradition, lu) private corrcspon*!- 
ence preserved to this date sh'.idd mnke any mtntionof the 
wife cf the man confessedly the ahk-Nt in the settlement and the 
chief promoter of its interests; hut a j^lance at the first list of 
church members, now available, will show how little indivi«hi- 
alitv was conceded to women in those davs. It reads: '* Mrs. 
Cair, widow; Mrs Carr, William's wife ; Jonathan Eastman'* 
wife," and so on. In the absence of all proof to the contrary, 
I ^l;all assume that Mary Biley Dudlev was a woman of noble 
c]ualities and superior gifts, but the record thereof mi^ht as 
well have been written on the Salisbury sandN. 

Mr. jolm (^. Evans, a citizen of Salisburv who h.is <jiven 
much attention to the early historv of the town, writes in answer 
to mv in([uiries concerinij the IVilev family: "Her brother" 
(Mr. Ilcnrv Biley) ''must Iiave !>ecn ;i man of esteem. His 
widow UKniicd lohii Hall, a prominent townsman; and later, 
the Reverend William W(<ice>»ter, the first mini>ter of the 
town ; and for her fourth husband. Deputy Governor S) monds 
of Ipswich, which all ijoes to show the high social standing of 
the family. Likewise, Mr. Biley's two chiUlren were placed 
in charge of Mr. I'att and Major Robert l*ike. the two most 
influential and wealthy men of the town, as guartlians." 

Mary Biley died in 165), al*out a year after they went to 
Exeter. 

A year later, Mr. Dudlev married his thinl wife. All search 
for her family name has thus far been fruitless. I'eiluips some 
forgotten letter or journal in some remote g;irret m:iy yet be 
discovered which will reveal the secret. 

The sources of the history of Exeter are as l>:irren of any in- 
formation regarding Elizabeth as were the same document* in 
Salisbury of Mary Biley's nami-, save only that the Register of 
Deeds at Exetei' contains an instiunient fded in 16>2, bearing 
Elizabeth Dudley's signature. It is her declination to serve as 
executor of her deceased husband's estate, in which she recom- 
mends that her son Thcophilus Dudley, be appointed to serve 
in her stead. One of her descendants writes, " I am so ghd 
Elizabeth could write; so few women of that day could." In 



42 TUF. TIIIHT) Mi;s. ItlDLKY. 

the same legister may also be found a deed convevinis; a certain 
tract of l.Mul, fifty acres in extent, on the Kingston road in 
Exeter, from the children of Mr. Samuel Dudley to Mr. Moses 
Leavitt. in consideration of his support of their mother. 

Mrs. Dudley was living at tint time, .\lav 1702, twentv years 
alter her husband's death, with hrr daui^hter Dorothv, wife of 
Moses Leavitt, ancestor of Dudlcv Lt-avitt the famous almanac 
maker. 

This is the last mention of ICli/.abeth Dutllev, extant, as far 
as known. It seems leijitimate to conclude that Elizalieth 
Dudley was of Puritan ancestry, and was a young woman when 
slic united her fortunes with those of the Reverend Samuel 
Dudley. Tlure is alnmdant evidence from contemporaneous 
history that her lot was cast in tryin^^ times. A family of small 
children awaited her ministrations, to wiiich. in the course of 
years, eight m< re were added The position of a countrv 
cleroynian's wife, even at this day no sinecure, must have been 
in those days one of great hardship and self-sacritice. The 
hist('ry of Exeter during these \ears shows with what difKcultv 
the minister's salary was raised, and with what great effort on 
his part public worship was su.stained. It is stated that at one 
time he voluntarily consented to a reduction of his salarv, al- 
though it was then onlv forty poimds. To this act of generosity 
it seeuis fair to assume that Elizabeth gave full support, as she 
would certainly fullv share the privation it involved. Her op- 
portunities to display fortitude and heroism were not less than 
those of her two predecessors ; and the subsequent careers of her 
children justify the belief that she too was a noble \\ oman, and 
a worlhv wife and mother, entitled, as were the\' all, to our 
love and veneration. 

The distinguished naturalist who could construct the animal 
from a single bone had one advantage o\er any persons who 
attempts to portray the characters of any one of these women 
— he did have the single bone, liut I have one advantage over 
him. If he shoidd blunder he might be confronted with a 
living specimen and thus be brought to confusion. But if my 
deductons are false neither living specimen nor evidence can 
be produced to confouml me. 



TFIE I'.r.CISTRAIl's UEl'ORT. 43 

Cn.\ii!N!.\\ : It \\i> WOK.- (Iclifjhtfd with Min ()riiKla a year 
a^d, wc have now fouiid thi- same himiiir<>iis vein riinnitiK 
throuj^'h Miss Ariaiia's papci. 

After remark iii;4 that the ollice of Iie<:;i.strai was newly 
created hist ^ear, und its duties left to l)e defined l»v the 
iiicoiniiig l)oard, Seeretary Williams read 

The Re.ii:istrar'5 Report 

I!y Mi;s. Ui iii.i.v Hi: \ miu.k. 



The Rc^i^tiar has tlie honor to report a memltership of one 
lumdred and forty, nine members havinrj joine«l the Associa- 
tion since the Annual Meeting 1896: Franklin IJ. Williams, 
Roxbury, Mass. ; Miss Eleanor Shaw Griswold, New Lon- 
don, Conn. ; Rev. C. E. Ilarwood. Cranl)nr\- Isle, Me. ; 
Josiah R. RoImiisoii, Ilardwick, Mass.; Miss K. N. I)iJ;ev, 
E. Somcrvillo, Mass; J. Appleton Wilson, Raltimore, Md. ; 
Mrs. Clara E. Dudley Hothel, Decatm-, 111.; Mrs. Marjjaret 
C. Cole, Boston, Mass ; Mrs. Martha T. Fiske, Hrookiine, 
Mass. 

Three members have departed this life during the past year : 
Mrs. Abl)ie Weld Dudley, James F. Dudley, Mrs. Olivia 
Parker Flynt. 

Twenty-seven application blanks have been sent <Mit, .kioh- 
panied in every instance with a Circular of Information. 
Nine of these circulars have been sent to persons known to be 
eligible to membership, though they had not applicti for 
papers. It will be remembered that the otlice of Registrar 
was first created at the annual meeting of this Associ.ition last 
year. Soon after this all the tilled-out application pa[)ers 
which had l)een received bv vour .Secretary were forwai ded 
bv him to the Registrar. These numbered at that time sixty- 
six. A few more returns have been receiveil, l>iit seventy 
papers are 'lot accounted for, acconling to the list furni.shcti 
bv the .Secretarv. The Registrar, therefore, le-spcclfuily re- 



44 TllK MK(;1STKA1:"S );El'OItT. 

quests those who have not filled out their blanks to do so as 
o.ulv as possiiilc. that thev niav lie tiled, with the others, in 
the Arcliivcs of the societv. The importance of this is obvius. 
Probalilv there are those who have not time to g^ive to trace 
^eneaio^v, or fill out their application papers, even though 
tliey niav have ancestral laniilv records in their possession. 
To all such I will here sta'e that the Secrctarv of the New 
London, Conn., Historical Society will, for a reasonable 
compensation, do anv work of the kind; and correspondence 
with him can be held through vour Registrar, who will also 
aid in the work, so far as her time will jDcrmit. 

1 wish to make the statement to this Association that the 
rule admitting husbands and w ives of descendants of Governor 
Thomas Dudley as members of this Association is very much 
criticised, and by thinking persor.s is thought to be a grave 
mistake, as in time it will be liable to change the triie charac- 
ter of the society, and make it entirelv different from what it 
should be. Manv argue that, it this be allowed, collateral> 
also should be admitted. I wish to say that, according to my 
own observation, this rule is an obstacle to the society's wel- 
fare, and is not in conformitv with the rules of similar associ- 
ations. Right here I wish to state a case which proves the 
inconsi.stencv of this rule. A lailv has applied for admission 
to om" society, who is a zvidozv of a man who "X'as a descendant 
of Governor Thomas Dudle\ . Her husband died in 188S, a 
few years before this ^ociety was organized. As no chiUlren 
are mentioned, it is presumed that there are none. No action 
has been taken by your Registrar in this peculiar case, and 
will not be, until instructions are received from the Board of 
Directors 

Qjiestions about the insignia of our Association are fie- 
quently put to your Registrar. Most persons express the idea 
that this society cannot be of much importance if it has no 
insignia. Certainly this is a societv of importance, ranking 
with other societies representing the founders of this great 
Republic. In this I think you will all agree; and it is hoped 
that some action will soon be taken in this direction. 



r,KNF:Ai,(M;v. 4.*) 

One othei point. The oHicc of Kr|_ristiar iH-int^ new in our 
Association, there is no hy-law with ti-fercncc to it. \"oui 
Kegistiar would recouiinend that a new hv-hiw he adopted, 
(letlninu' thr duti. s ot Ki-<^i.sti ar, and that this he prii\ted on 
slips, convenient tor accoinpatu in^j each application |>apei, 
that all may understand fully the <iutics of hoth applicant and 
Ref^isttar. ReMiectfully suhniitted, 

CaIHEHINK a. Hii.! [;v Ult \MllI.li. 

New London, Conn., Oct 16, 18'J7. 

NoiE. — If luisbancU and wives of clcseuiidaiits caiu.ot belong to 
our Association, it wonhl place us in this dilenuna, tliat sons and 
daughters can he members by descent tbrouKli oni- panmt, wliilo the 
other parent (father or mother as tlie ca.s(! may he) is denied that 
privilege; for certainly we would not adopt a " law .Sali<pi.'," and 
cut olT all from our communiiui, the descendants from our fore 
motlii'rs as well as our fori'fatlifrs. 

CuAlim.w : L.ist vear we liad a report from .Miss isones, our 
Historian, which dii! not arrive earlv enough for proper leadinj;. 
Almost the same thing has happeneil this veai, our llistorian'.s 
excellent paper not reaciiing us till last evening. Miss Koues 
is now fully satisfied that she clearly sees the connection of 
Tliomas Dudlev with George Washington and Roger Williams, 
two of our greatest men We t egret that she is imahlc to he 
with us this evening; luit von will he glad to know that \.u\ 
long ago Miss Koues won a prize, offered l)y the Dangliteis of 
the Revolution for a historic essay. Iler report will he rea.l 
by Miss O'Maia, to whom (jur .Association is already so much 
indebted, and in so many ways. 

Report of Historian. 



Ladies and (tentlcmcn of the Dudley Assai iatinri. 

Kinsfolk : 
As again we come together to celebrate oui ancestor, and to 
enjoy a social hour in each other's coinpany, I conn before 
you, report in hand, to have a chat with you on matters inter- 



46 THE iiistortan's report. 

esting to lis. I fear you will tliink mc given over to looking at 
niv obligations to vou from onlv one point of view — the 
genealogical point — for I am still on that path. Since our 
hirthfla\' in 1S92, it has seemed to me that the first imperative 
obligation of the Association was to investigate and clear up, if 
possible, — and I am sure it is possible— the matter of Gov- 
ernor Thomas Dudley's anccstrv, to find his e.xact place in the 
great Dudley family of England, to which he and his children 
claimed to belong. Later, when the Association decided 
to have a Life of Governor Thomas written, that obliga- 
ticin seemed to mc even more imperative; for, the connecting 
link not being foinid and the Life published without it, the 
omission would stand against us alwavs. Surely we would 
regret that, and I sincerely hope that the Association will feel 
with me that the publication of the Life should be post- 
poned mitil this important point is settled. During this last 
year I have devoted mucii time to research in this matter, and I 
havL' a strong conviction that the searcliing has not been in vain. 
I take great satisfaction in being able to trace a new Sutton- 
Dudley line, evidently the line of a younger son of the first or 
second .'button, Huron Duilley. This line seems to have escaped 
the keen eve of Mr. Dean Dudley, which is passing strange. 
It conies down to 1546; and consequentlv there remains some 
work yet to be done to prove or disprove it, as in the line of 
(jovernor Thomas; Init, having a definite point from which to 
work, neither the time nor the nionev required for the search 
should, ! think, be very great; and I would certainly like to be 
authorized by the Association to open correspondence with 
competent people in England, with a view of having their 
assistance to carry on the search. It", on examination of the 
Pedigrees already fouml the Association should think it well 
to make an appropriation for the work, I should be glad to go 
on with it and hope by the next Annual Meeting, if not before, 
to settle the mooted question of the ancestry of Governor 
I'homas Dutlley. Of course the Association understands that 
the appropriation need only be sufficient to coxer outlay, — tees 
of experts, stationery, postage, — an account of which would be 



TIIK MISTOIMAN S UKI'n|:T. Ii 

kept ami retulerctl to the Association at tin* close of the work, 
or (luring its |iro<^ress. 

The Association will recall tliat in the History c»f the Diiil- 
ley Familv, a work that lays c\erv Dudley descendant under 
heavy ()hIi<;ations to its author, Mr. Dean Dudley, bcinj; a 
most careful and scrupulous historian, expressly disclaims that 
any descent has been established for (jovernor Thomas and his 
father, Capt. Roger Dudley. Mr. Adiaid, more rash, settles 
down to one, which mav he Governor I'lioinas' line, hut which 
does not fit into the place where Mr. Adiard tries to attach it. 

Stud\'ing this subject it canu' to me a;jain and again that 
Leicestershire^ in England, was a localitv that !iad not been 
sufHcicntlv investigated. Many facts seemed to me to indicate 
tliat the I3u(lle\ s had more to do with Leicestershire than had 
been clearlv Iirought out. For instance, whv was Robert 
Dudley made Earl of Leicester, instead of Earl of some other 
! lace? A prospective English peer may to some extent, if not 
altogether, choose what his title shall be, and reasons of family 
and estate generally decide the matter lleing a younger son 
he could not have the family title and estate — the Earldo'U and 
Castle of Warwick. Those had belong, il to his fatlier, been 
forfeitetl bv attainder, and been restored to his eliler brother, 
Ambrose. A new title must be found for Robert. Why the 
Honour of Leicester? 

Perhaps we shall fhul an answer as \ye go on. The Dudleys 
were closely connected with the family of (Jiey, of the county 
of Leicester, and with the Pinefoy and Fiennes families of the 
same comUv. Rnln-rt Dudley's gran<lmo;her was the Lady 
Elizabeth (irev ; and his bvotht r, (Juilford Dudley, nianied, as 
we all know, the hnely and unfortunate Lady Jane (Jrcy, who 
was born at Bradgate Hall, Co. Leicester, the seat of her father. 
Marquis of Dorset and Duke of Suffolk, and it is at Osbaslon 
H.dl, Co. Leicester, very nc.ir to Uradgate Hall, that the new- 
found line of Siitton-Dudleys had its seat until l.')46, when, bv 
the marriage of a daughter and co- heiress, the Osbaslon estate 
passed fiom the family of Sutton-Dudley to that of Itloutjt ; and 
here we meet another name intimately associated with not only 
the Osba.ston family, but with the Eails of Warwick and 



48 THE historian's kepokt. 

Leicester. AlH)nt one huiulied years before the OshHston-Sut- 
ton-Bloiint inarriaij^c, John de -^utton, fifth Baron DiuUcv, mar- 
lied Constance Blount, daughter of Walter Blount, who was 
also the ance^^tor of Walter, who married the iieiress of Osbas- 
ton, and of his cousin, Elizabetli Blount, wife of Sir Andrews 
Lord Windsor, brother to the first wife of Edmund Dudley, 
Privy Councillor to Ilcnrv VII and grandfather to the Earls of 
Warwick and Leicester; and again, about the same time as the 
Osbaston-Sutton- Blount marriage, another Blount of the same 
connection, the Ladv Elizabetli l^lount, married, for her first 
husband, (jilbert Talbovs. vShc herself married secondly, 
Edward Fiennes, Lord Clinton and frst Earl of Lincoln; and 
her daughter. Elizabeth Talbovs, married Ambrose Dudlev, 
Earl of Warwick. These are some of tl.e sidt -lights, so to 
speak, that have illumined the search for (jovcrnor Thomas' 
ancestry and ])ointed to Co. Leicester, where we find most of 
these people ; and then to Osbaston, where, hidden from sight 
by its old trees, we find a tine old " FLall," and in it the Suttons, 
related to all these others. And just here it mav not be amiss 
to remind the Association that Gov. Thomas Dudlev, in his 
early manhood, was steward for Theophilus Fiennes, Lord 
Clinton and fourth Earl of Lincoln, great-grand.son of Edward 
Fiennes, first Earl of Lincoln mentionetl above; and that the 
Lady Arabella Ficniies, sister of Earl Theophilus, came to 
America with (iov. Thomas Dudley in 1630, she having mar- 
ried Isaac fohnson, one of the emigrants. Also, when Lady 
Amy (Robsart) Dudley met her pitiful death. Lord Rol)ert 
Dudley (not yet Earl of Leicester, Sir Walter Scott to the con- 
trary notwithstanding) despatched " Cousin Blount " to Cum- 
nor Hall. County of Berkshire, to attend to the inquest and to 
all matters requiring the presence of some one authorized to 
act for liim. It is necessary to bear in mind that, although all 
the Suttons were not Dudleys, yet all the Dudleys were Sut- 
tons ; that is, were descended, in one line or another, from some 
one of the Suttons, Barons of Dudley, a town of Co. Stafford, 
England. Such appropriation of titles as surnames of families 
w'as of common occurrence, another notable instance being in 
the Fiennes family, of which we have already spoken. This 



TIIK HISTOKIAN's ItKl'OKT. 49 

liranch came f:;ra<iually to l)f called Clintf)u, to (IUtingtii»h 
it from another branch of the Fieniies familv, who were Lorus 
Dacre. They also married into the Dudley family, ahoiit thi« 
same period. The Clintons of America are descemled from 
the Clinton-Lincoln branch of the Fiennes family; but thin i« 
a digression. I hope tliat you will be interesteil in the pedi- 
grees which I ha\c in \[^v [)osse.ssion, with the authorities from 
which 1 have taken theni. 

LonsK WlNlHKoP Koi'Ks, //t.s/"ri\iri. 

Note. — It l.s to bo rejiretteil that sinnu very i.irofiil ^;»>noi)li>ui<al 
statistics, prepared by Miss Kouos, cannot bo properly piibli.Hbod in 
this report; but they are in liand fur future use. 



Chairm.\n : It is an honor to have with us the gentleman 
you have elected to preside over your next year's tieliberations, 
Hon. Elias Dutltev Freeman, who, though a member of the 
Governor's Council in Maine, is often in Boston. As a 
desccntlant of the Reverend Samuel, he carries that ancestor's 
blootl in vein and l^rain. 



Hon. E. Dudley Freeman's Address. 



I trust I shall not be accu.sed of preferrin.4; the religion i>f 
the Chinese to our own, or of attempting to graft up«)n the 
regular proceedings of this Association the heathen rites of 
ancestor worship, if I confess that I have begun this evening's 
ceremonies by sacrificing to the shades of my forefathers my 
appetite for this very excellent dinner. 

It may seem less meritorious, I am aware, if I ad<l that it 
was due to the depressing consciousness that some *' remarkN " 
were expected from me, but I shall be satisticil if it goes to 
mv credit in my account with the Reverend Samuel Diullcy, 
who has acquitted himself, as an ancettor, with such signal 
distinction, that I shall always be thankful that he did not 



50 CHARACTER OF SAMUEL DUDLEY. 

til ink it necessary to wait for posterity to do something for 
him before doing anvthing for posterity. 

We are not told what was the custom of the Reverend 
Samuel in regard to his sermons; possibly he may have sym- 
pathizeil, as I ilo now. with the Methodist preacher who said, 
that when he wrote out his sermons the devil knew what his 
arguments were and was all ready to answer them, but tliat 
when he spoke without notes, the devil himself couldn't tell 
what he was going to say next. 

However, it occurs to me that a man ought not to need 
much encouragement when the subject is the virtues of his 
own people, a topic upon which the Dudleys rarel\ fail to be 
eloquent, and sometimes reach the sublime. 

This is the sixth annual reunion of the Dudley family which 
I have attended ; and under ordinary circumstances I come 
with great pleasure, and go away puffed up in my fleshly 
mind to think that my mother was a Dudley, although every 
now and then someone tells me how much I resemble my 
father. 

It is to be regretted that the Reverend Samuel Dudley left 
so little recorded personal hi>tory. We like to know all about 
the little details of home life and the personal characteristics 
of any man whom we make the subject of our thoughts. 
After all, it is only what a man does that amounts to much. 
"Words are the daughters of earth ; deeds are the sons of 
Heaven." It is for what Samuel Dudley did, and not for 
what he said or wrote, that we honor him to-night. 

We know that he was the eldest son of Governor Thomas 
Dudley and Dorothy Yorke ; that he came to the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony with his parents when he was about twenty 
years of age; that he lived successively in Newtown (now 
Cambridge), Ipswich and Salisbury; that he was prominent 
as a citizen, legislator, and magistrate, and that he was first 
married to Mary, daughter of Governor Winthrop. When 
about forty years old he was invited by the people of Exeter 
to become their teacher in spiritual affairs. For nearly forty 
years he led his people like a flock in the New England 
wilderness. 



CUAKACTKU OK SAMfKI, HI 1>I,KV. .^1 

Fortunately we do not need to ^o to his tonib»t«)ne for a 
record ot his virtues We know th:»t he was a jjood n>an, 
otherwise we coidd not li.ive him for our suhject to-niijht. 
for we shouichi't know anything; about hitn, to speak of. 
IJut e\\ ry reconled l)it ot his personal histf»ry which gives him 
any claim to nincmbrance is based upon some act of self- 
denial. 

It is true that " the e\ ii that men do lives after them," but 
the t^ood sui vives also ; otherwise there woidd be no Dutilcv 
Association 

For instance, when he was called to IC\eter it w.is no doubt 
an act of gri-at seli-denial for him to be so far aw.iv from 
Boston. !t would be for most people. But his path of dutv 
was plain, ami he rollowed it to the end of life. We find bin) 
entcriui;', hc.trt and soul, itito the life of his people, bearing 
their burdens, like the apostle to the Gentiles laboring with 
his hauLls that he mi^jht not be chargeable to them bevond 
their ability. 

When distress came upon the little community he diviticd 
with them his meagre .salary of forty pounds a year, and when 
the people of Portsmouth callcil him to come and labor among 
them, he declined the call at double the salary. 

I've never heard of a case like it since. 

It was as if, in coming to Exeter, he had said, in the bcaii- 
tiful words of Ruth : '' Thy people sh.ill be my people, and 
thv God ni\ God. Where thou dieNt. I will die, and there 
will I be buried." 

i'>ut we have still further e\ idence It it is something 
new I want the Association to have the benefit of the tlis- 
coverv. It is said that he built and operateil a sawmill; and 
if our kinsman, Frank Dudley, who has owned a gootl matiy 
such mills, were lieie, I am sme he would testify that any 
man who could run a saw-mill, and maintain his church rela- 
tions in gooil and regular standing, r/imt have been a giKiil 
man I And so verv likelv when discf)rd and dissensions per- 
vaded hi.s little parish, like a prudent and patient man, he 
would simply hold his peace, and keep right on sawing wood. 



62 CHAHAfTKl: (IK SAMUEL DUDLEY. 

He was also a man of learning, otherwise he certainly could 
not have been a minister. Whoever, in those heroic davs, 
would point tlie way to the celestial citv, must have other 
qaalilications than a jj^ootl moral ciiaracter and a license to 
preach It required a well trained ni'nd to grasp the theologi- 
cal sul)tleties of those times, and the mrn who colonized New 
Enujland expected their preachers to give them " food for 
thought," and plenty of it. We may in some respects have 
improved on tlie theology of the mi/iistcr, but we h :ve not 
improved on the character of the man. 

Whv, I've had, at times, to listen to sermons which made 
me fairly pine for the good old davs of Thomas Wiggles- 
worth, who preached as if on the eve of a general resurrec- 
tion, with the crack of doom staring him right in the face, 
and the light of the New Jerusalem shining in at the church 
door! Such men believeil, with all their hearts, that they had 
had a message from God to man ; and thev had the courage of 
th.,ir convictions, although it may seem a little ditficult for us 
to call it " tidings of great joy." 

There is another matter in which possibly I have miuie a 
discoverv, and if so this Association ouglit to know it. 

It has long been a question in mv mind where Samuel 
Dudlev obtained his distinctly clerical training. He was not 
a University man, but he had enjoyed the instruction of 
learned men before coming to this country. He was, how- 
ever, not the pastor of any church before he went to Exeter. 
\Vhile he was living in Salisbury he represented that town 
for five years in the General Court; and I would very much 
like to know if five years service in the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature will qualify a man to preach the Gospel. I have fre- 
quently heard it intimated that politics are not a means of 
grace. Perhaps this is one of the differences between colo- 
nial times and the present ; for I have known men to go from 
the ministry into politics, but never from politics into the 
ministrv. It may be that after five years of public work lie 
found himself too poor to do anything else. We all know 
that political purity and impoverishment go hand in hand. 



rUOCIIAlMIY OK COVKIIN'OI: Dt'IH.KY. 5S 

Sanuiil Dudley was not a jjrcat man, as men count Rrenl- 
ness, niil ho was not least in tlic kinjjiloin «}f Heaven if wc 
jiulfje him by the staiulanl of tlir ilivinr Master wljo luiid 
" wliosoever will be jjreat anionjj yon let liiin Uc v<»ur 
minister," and " whosoever will he chief acnon^ \ on let hin> 
he your servant. '' 

Vou remember the lines of the poet Goldsmith; ihcv seem 
to well describe the minister of Exeter: 

A man he was to all the countrv dear 
And passing rich with forty pounds a vear, 
^ Remote from towns he ran his Godly race; 

Nor e'er had chauijcd, nor wished to chanjje, hi* place 

Unpracticed he to fawn or ^eek lor power. 

By doctrines fasiiioned to the varying hour. 

For other aims his heart had learned to prize. 

More skilled to raise the wretched than to rise. 

Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride, 

And e'en his tailings leaneil to virtue's side; 

But in his duty, prompt at every call. 

He watched and wept, he prayed and felt for all. 

And as a bird each fond endearment tries. 

To tempt its new-tledged offsprIn<; to the skies. 

He tried each art, reproved each iluU ilelay. 

Allured to brighter worlds, and led the way. 

At the clo.se of Mr. Freeman's luhlres.s the Intermr/./.o, 
frnin Muscagni's Cuvalleria Ru.«<tii:ana, \Vii.s finely pl.iye<l 
bv tiie lieacon Orchestral ('liib. 



Biography of Governor Duel Icy. 



As Ml. Augustine Jones's work is t«» see the psiriali 
light of print, it woultl not b.- wi.so here to puhliitii any 
portion of the vulualjle and interesting ehaptei-s he reu.I 
therefrom. He has searchetl original ducumcuU lo »uj>- 



54 [MOCUArHY OF (lOVKHNOU DUDLEY. 

port the liigli estimate he phices u[)(»ii Thomas Dudley's 
character ami iiilliieuce, botli in the Old World and New. 

At the C')iiclu-;ion of his reading a hearty vote of thanks 
was extended to Mr. .Jones. 



.Mr. Wiggin s[)oke of the Historians desire to be 
jiresent. and her anxiety that the Governor's life should 
not he iMil)lished without a full exploration of his ances- 
tral line : and to this Mr. Jones replied : 

I should like to say that there need be no haste, if there 
is anything to be gained. Dean Dudley and Adellarde. 
the two authorities who have heretofore differed on this 
subject, are now united on the point. Dean Dudley admit- 
ting that Adellarde is Ci)rreel, and thus completes this 
connection referred to bv Miss Koues. 



TiimfTK TO Jamks F. Dudley. 

Mr. Sanford II. Dudley wished to call special attention 
to Mr. James F. Dudley, recently deceased, to whom 
reference had been made by the Registrar, as one of tlie 
founders of the Association, a man of sterling character 
and qualities. He was born in Ham[Klen, and was a stu- 
dent at Bcnvdoin (^oUege. Later he became president of 
the ^Etna Fire Insurance Co., of Hartford, and occupied 
a distinguished j>osition among men in that line of busi- 
ness. He always took a warm and hearty interest in our 
Association. Mr. Sanford Dudley remembered with 
great pleasure his cordial letters, and he was always ambi- 
tions for its prosperity. Mi-. Sanford Dudley also urged 
that our deceased members should be sfiven more atten- 



NF.PROr.OOV. 



56 



ti<in. iiiid that tlif 1 1 istmian \>e iiistructetl to place »ym- 
patlietic resulutioiis upon tin- records. 



The evtMi'mj^s piit*Mtiiiiimeiit hercwilli clf>sc(l, .'iml Mr. 
Wirrrriii (lechued the sixtli annual ilinncr an<l fifth annual 
meeting of the Governor Thomas Dudley Family A.H.Hticia- 
tion at an end. 



Table of Contents. 



Business Meeting 
Treasurer's Report 
Dudley K. Child's Letter 
Secretary's Report . 
Election of Officers 
Nominating Committee and General Busi 

BANqjL'KT 

List of Guests 

Menu 

Chairman's Report . 
Col. L. Edwin Dudley's Letter 
Subject of the Evening . 
Exeter Church 
Exeter Town Records 
Inventory .... 

Introduction of Miss A. L. Dudley 
Samuel Dudley's Three Wives 
Registiar's Report . 
Historian's Report . 
Introduction of Mr. Freeman 
Character of Samuel Dudley . 
The Gov. Thomas Dudlev Biogaphv 
Necrology .... 



PACE 

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3,4 

4,5 

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7,8 

8 

0. 10 

10 

11-14 

14 

15 

16 

16-28 

29-32 

32 

33-42 

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4.i-49 

49 

49-58 

53, 54 

54, 55 



Illustrations. 



Grave of Rev. Samuel Dudlev 

Hon. Elias Dudley Freeman . 

Rev. Jas. Henry Wiggin 

Col. L. Edwin Dudley 

Document signed bv Elizabeth Dudlev 



Frontispiece 
Page 6 

" 14 
" 32 



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