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Gc ^' 


1911 A ,/§aA^ 



3 1833 00669 5990 


i^y<j1A^ , 


No. 98.] [Established 1813. 



For 1911, 

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Great Britain and 'J^cUtid, 

FROM OCTOBER 1. 1909, TO 8SPTEMBER 30, 1910. 








oT^^ The Editor again returns his sincere thanks 
, ~tb the many correspondents who have assisted 
him by providing materials for the Annual 
''Monitor. Without such assistance the work 
V would be impossible. And he wishes particu- 
)^^ larly to acknowledge once more his gxeat indebt- 
edness to The Friend for the kind permission to 
make use of biographical notices which have 
appeared in its columns. Most of the portraits, 
it may be observed, are from blocks specially 
13repared for this volume. 

It is thought that a Memoir of Hannah 
Elliott Bean, a well-known American Friend 
who visited this country in the early seventies, 
will be welcomed by many who remember her 
and her gift for the Ministry. 

Since the publication of last year's number of 
this little work, the Society of Friends has lost 
some devoted workers, and we are the poorer by 
the departure from among us of many whose love 

of God was displayed in their love of man, and 
who had employed the talents that had been 
entrusted to them, talents of intellect, or of 
power, or of money, in benefiting their fellow- 

Among those whose lives are briefly sketched 
in these pages are some of whom it may be said, 
not only that the ten talents or the five talents 
had been confided to them, but that they used 
them well, and in the service of their Master. 
But there are others — others, who less gener- 
ously endowed with natural gifts or with this 
world's goods, yet 

" — said not to their Lord, as if afraid, 
' Here is thy talent in a napkin laid,' 
But laboured in their sphere, as men who live 
In the delight that work alone can give." 

The sphere may have been very small ; they 
may have been tempted to think that the work 
they were doing was slight and trivial. Tribu- 
lation and sorrow may have so enveloped them 
in clouds of discouragement and doubt that they 
have contemned it as not worth the doing. 
Such is the case with some of us. Some of us 
feel that we are in very trutli unprofitable ser- 
vants. We are poor, we are weak, we are 
insignificant. We can achieve nothing. 

But let us consider carefully what we are 
doing ; whether we are not in danger of letting 
our one talent lie hidden in a napkin. It is idle 
to say that we have no talent. As we contem- 
plate some of the briefest of these memou'S — the 
simplest stories of the very simplest of lives, 
we may see how men and women who maj' have 
accomplished little else, still did good service for 
their Master by radiating peace and joy and 
sunshine, sometimes in the face of great diffi- 
culties and under heavy biirdens. Let us, then, 
thank God and take courage ; thank God for 
their example, and take courage for ourselves. 
Let us never forget the duty of Happiness. 
Perhaps it is a small talent, but it is of the right 
metal, it has the genuine ring. Let us be quite 
sure that it is in no danger of growing tarnished 
by disuse ; and let us always remember, with 
Robert Louis Stevenson, that no man can say 
that he is useless while he has a friend. 

Francis A. Knight. 




George Bakee. 
John Bewley Beale. 
Hannah Elliott Bean. 
James Boorne. 
William Bray. 
Priscilla Brayshaw. 
Frank Alex. Bunting. 
Ellen Clarke. 
Frederick Crowley, 
Priscilla Cudworth. 
William J. Cudworth. 
George H. Farring- 


Maria Feltham. 
Frederic H. Fox. 
Nathaniel Fox. 
Ann Eliza Fryer. 

Eliza E. Garnett. 6^ 
Joseph Gripper. 
Daniel Hack. 
Jonathan and Anne 

Thomas S. Norton. 
Wilhelmina Peckover 
Alfred Priestman. 
Edwin R. Ransome. 
Bassett Reynolds. 
Annie S. Seekings. 
Charles Price Simms 
Hannah Southall. 
Henry Tennant. 
David and Jessie 



George Baker _ - _ _ _ o 

John Bewley Beale - - - - 10 

Hannah E. Bean - - - - 1,5 

James Boorne ----- 29 

William Bray ----- 34 

Frank A. Bunting - - - - 43 

Frederick Crowley - - - - 50 

INIaria Feltham ----- 62 

Nathaniel Fox - - - . - 75 

Daniel Hack ----- 89 

Martha Hack - - - - - 91 

Jonathan and Anne Haughton - - 108 


Alfred Priestman - - - - 134 

Edwin R. Ransome - - - - 139 

Charles P. Simms - - - - - 169 

Hannah Southall - - - - 179 

Henry Tennant - - - - - 190 




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The following list includes all the names of deceased 
Friends given in the official Monthly Meeting Returns 
supplied to the Editor. A few other names are given of 
those who, it is thought, were also membei"s of the 

Age. Time of Decease. 
Mary Adkins, 77 7 2mo. 1910 

Banbury. Wife of Lythall Adkins. 

Alfred H. Albright, 15 20 8mo. 1910 

Bootle. Son of Alfred and Sarah Amy Albright. 
Maria Alexander. 69 18 4mo. 1910 

Croydon. Widow of Wilhani Alexander. 
James Allan. 40 18 8mo. 1910 

Olive Mary Ashby. 1 31 3mo. 1910 

Chandefs Ford, Southampton. Daughter of 

Herbert and Octavia Mary Ashby. 


Louis Naish Ashworth, 39 — 6mo. 1006 
Aramac, Queensland, died at Brisbane. Inform- 
ation only lately received. 

Sarah Auton, 80 21 7mo. 1909 

Richmond, late of Carperbi/. Omitted last 

George Baker, 84 15 Imo. 1910 

Bewdley, died at Edghaston. An Elder. 
George Baker was a man of strorig indi- 
viduality, of niost genial and affectionate 
nature, esteemed and beloved by ail who knew 
him. The most important, or at any rate the 
most conspicuous work of his long and honoured 
career was done on behalf of his native town. 
" He was indeed," said the Birmingham Post, 
" one of the builders of Biriningham as we 
know it. He entered tlie Town Council at a time 
when public spirit was at a low ebb, and when it 
was difficult to get men of sound business 
experience and judgment to look after the 
corporate life. They were easy-going days, 
and the lack of enterprise and public spirit 
was so marked that a little band of men, of 
whom Mr. Joseph Chamberlain ultimately 
became the leader, determined to elevate tlie 
tone of the town. Mr. Baker was one of that 




band, and he rendered material assistance in 
bringing about a reform of the Corporation, of 
wliich the good effects are still seen in the high 
standard of municipal administration. Alder- 
man Baker's success in public life was not made 
as a speaker, although he could, when occasion 
demanded, take a useful part in debate. But it 
was essentially as a thinker and a worker that 
he was best known, and few have made a deeper 
or more permanent impression in the minds 
of the citizens as a devoted servant whose sole 
desire was to leave his native town better than 
he found it." 

George Baker came of a familj^ which had 
long taken a prominent position in the town, 
and his great-grandfather, Samuel Baker, was 
one of the first Commissioners appointed to 
govern it, now nearly a century and a half 
ago. The eldest son of Edward Baker, who 
established a blacking factory in Birmingham, 
in 1818, he was born in 1825, and was sent, 
when about ten years old, to school at Ack- 
worth. After five years of schooling he entered 
his father's business, and was scarcely fifteen 
when he began to travel with a case of samples. 
His first social work was begun when he was 
twenty, in connection with the now well-known 


Severn Street Schools, where he proved himself 
a most useful and consistent friend and helper. 
During his long trusteeship of the Savings 
Fund, originated by Joseph Sturge and Joseph 
Clarke, its accumulations grew from £700 to 
£17,000. It may be added that the work carried 
on at Severn Street attracted some who liave* 
since become well-known amongst Birmingham 
public men, and that not a few of them owed to it 
their subsequent success in life. 

After the close of the Crimean War, two 
Friends, Joseph Sturge and Thomas Harvey, 
visited Finland Mith the idea of finding out 
how far the unfortunate fishermen and peasants 
of that covmtry had suffered from the ruthless 
and uncalled-for destruction of their property 
by the British fleet, in the course of Napier's 
futile Baltic expedition. And in 1857, George 
Baker and Wilson Sturge, having been 
appointed to administer the funds which had 
been collected for the relief of the innocent 
victims of the war, sailed up the whole Finnish 
coast as far as Haparanda on the Gulf of 
Bothnia, making good, as best they might 
the damage done by the English warships. 
This was the Conquest of Finland of Wliittier's 
ballad, when " the ancient amtmann, at the 


gate of Helsingfors," declared, after hearing 
what was the errand of the ministering slnp, 

" ' No more from Aland's ramparts shall warning 

signal come, 
Nor startled Sweaborg hear again the roll of 

midnight drum. 
For Finland, looking seaward, no coming fo© 

shall scan, 
And the holy bells of Abo shall ring good-will 

to man. 

Sit down, old men, together ; old wives, in 

quiet spin ; 
Henceforth the Anglo-Saxon is the brother of 

the Finn.' " 

George Baker's public career began m 186(^, 
when he was elected to a seat on the Board of 
Overseers. In 1864, he became a Poor Law 
Guardian, and was appointed chairman of that 
body a few years later. In 1865, he joined 
the Town Council, at once identifying himself 
with the band of earnest workers who were 
agitating for the much-needed reform of the 
town's system of drainage and sanitation, to 
whose defects were directly due the then ex- 
ceptionally high death-rate. The work involved 
some years of constant and untiring effort, but 
the little comparty of reformers triumphed in 


the end, and carried through the existing scheme 
for the disposal of the city's sewage. Other 
great civic achievements in which, as member 
of the Water Committee and of the Improve- 
ments Committee, he had a share, were the 
acquisition by the town of the water supply, 
and the destruction of the slums, which then 
occupied the site on which Corporation Street 
now stands. 

In 1874, George Baker was chosen Alderman 
as a mark of the Council's appreciation of his 
services to the town. Two years later, when 
Mr. Chamberlain resigned the mayoralty in 
order to become a candidate for Parliament, 
Alderman Baker was unanimously elected in 
his place as Mayor of Birmingham, and he was 
chosen for the second time in the following 
year. It was while he held office that John 
Ruskin visited the town. The two men had 
much in common, and, indeed, were close 
personal friends. One of Ruskin' s " Letters to 
Working Men," published as Fors Clavigera, was 
headed " Bellefield," and was written while 
he was a guest in George Baker's house. Out 
of these letters grew the Guild of St. George, 
whose object was to get people back to the land, 
and to healthy out-of-door labour, and to revive 


some of the old handicrafts. George Baker and 
John Henry Cliamberlain were the Guild's 
first trustees ; and when Ruskin died, the 
former was elected " Master " in his place. 

Other memorable functions in which George 
Baker took part as Mayor were the great public 
welcome to Gladstone, and the official reception 
accorded to General Grant. In the summer of 
1909, on the occasion of the Royal visit to 
Birmingham to open the new University build- 
ings. Alderman Baker, the mover of the 
Corporation address, was presented to King 
Edward VII. and Queen Alexandra, as the 
Father of the City Council, 

His work for Education was by no means 
confined to Severn Street. He took an active 
part in the Association for the reform of King 
Edward VII.' s Grammar School in Birmingham, 
becoming a Governor of the reformed institution, 
and always taking a warm interest in its welfare 

From the formation of the Birmingham 
Liberal Association till the day of his death he 
was a member of that body ; and during one 
period, perhaps its most famous period, he was 
its Honorary Secretary, the President, the late 
John Skirrow Wright, being one of his closest 
friends. Deeply interested in all questions 


which he beheved for the pubUc good he un- 
doubtedly put first and foremost tlie question 
of International Peace. W^iether as President 
of the local branch of the Peace Society, or as a 
member of a political party, he never missed an 
opportunity of deprecating the mad rush for 
armaments, or the spirit that leads to estrange- 
ment between nations. 

As far back as 1870, he built a house at 
Bewdley, going to live there a few years after- 
wards. Such was his energy that he found time 
for municipal work there also, and in 1888 was 
elected mayor of that quaint and interesting old 
place on the Severn, thus enjoying the probably 
rare experience of having been chosen mayor 
of two different towns. In 1880, his name was 
inchided in the list of new magistrates appointed 
by the Lord Chancellor, in Beaconsfield's last 
Government. The Birmingham Town Council, 
however, protested against tlie whole list, on 
the ground that they had not been consulted 
in the selection ; and George Baker was one of 
three who refused to qualify as magistrates 
until the Council requested them to do so. It 
was an action characteristic of the man. Twice 
in liis life, in consequence of his determined 
stand for what he thought was right, he suffered 


distraint of his goods. Once was soon after 
his marriage, when he had refused to pay 
church-rates. Tlie second time was at a later 
period. As Chairman of the Board of 
Guardians he had paid the fares, from Birming- 
ham to Liverpool, of the family of a man who 
had gone to iVmerica, leaving his wife and 
children on the parish, and who had sent them 
tickets from Liverpool to New York, but not 
the money for the intervening railway jovirney. 
The auditor disallowed the amount, and the 
Local Government Board called upon George 
Baker to refund the money. This he refused 
to do, and some of his furniture was seized and 
sold to provide the sum in dispute. 

George Baker was twice married ; first, 
to Rebecca Baker Pumphrey, who died in 1864, 
and secondly, in 1879, to Gulielma Patching, 
who, with children of both marriages, survives 
liim. Until within a few weeks of his death he 
was still engaged in pviblic work. Taken ill 
whilst visiting his wife's mother, in Edgbaston, 
his malady became so serious that he could not 
be moved to Bewdley. Late at night on the day 
he died a great fu-e broke out in the Cornwall 
Works, and the sounds of many alarm-signals 
reached the ears of the dying man. Recog- 


nising their import, he feebly asked his wife 
whose works were on fire. On inquiry through 
the telephone, he was told that it was George 
Tangye's works. " Give him my love and 
sympathy " were almost his last words. 

Robert Baker, 07 18 8mo. 1910 

Frederick P. Balkwill, 77 3 llmo. 1909 

York, of Evesham. 
Alfred Barritt, 50 2 lOmo. 1909 

Woodford Green. 
David R. Barrow 4mos. 28 4mo. 1910 

High Bank, Lancaster. Son of George W. 

and Anne Leonora Barrow ; the former 

since deceased. 
George W. Barrow. 45 21 7mo. 1910 

High Bank, Lancaster. 
George Bartlett 01 20 12mo. 1909 

Henry H. Beakbane 70 3 9m o. 1910 


John Bewley Beale, 77 31 Imo. 1910 
Glengeary, Co. Dublin. A Minister. 

By the death of John B. Beale, of Dublin, 
which took place on January 31st, after a 
comparatively brief illness. Friends of Dublin 






and the neighbouring meetings have suffered 
the loss of one of their best known and most 
valued members. He was so regular and 
diligent in his attendance of meetings for wor- 
ship and discipline throughout his long life, 
that his absence will leave a perceptible blank 
in almost all companies of Friends throughout 
Leinster Quarterly Meeting, of which he was a 
member, as well as in some more distant 

John B. Beale was born in February, 1832, 
so that at his death he had almost reached his 
seventy-eighth year, though his active habits 
would not have suggested so advanced an age. 
His early life was chiefly passed in Cork, where 
his parents then resided, having removed from 
Bannow in County Wexford when John, who 
was one of the younger of a family of thirteen 
children, was only four years of age. In 1855, 
when about twenty-three years of age, he came 
to reside in Dublin, having entered the employ- 
ment of the well-known firm of Joshua 
Edmundsonand Co., with the memories of which 
the names of Mary Edmundson, and of Henry 
Wigham and John R. Wigham, are so closely 
united in the recollections of many Friends. 

In this firm he occupied the position of 


cashier and book-keeper for many years, only 
leaving their employment in 1878, when he was 
appointed Recording Clerk to Dublin Yearly 
Meeting. He had tlien been married about 
six years, having been united to Mary Frances 
Webb, who survives him, in May, 1872. For 
several years previous to 1878 he had filled the 
post of Recording Clerk to Dublin Monthly 
Meeting, occupying the well-known office in 
Eustace Street, which was thenceforth to be the 
chief scene of his official labours. The work 
in connection with Dublin Yearly Meeting he 
continued to carry on up to the close of his 
life, having relinquished the Monthly Meeting 
appointment about six years previously. 

In the year 1880, John B. Beale was 
recorded as a Minister of the Gospel by Dublin 
Monthly Meeting, having for several years 
previously taken frequent part in such service 
in our meetings for worship. In a little occa- 
sional diary kept by him for private use, we 
find this entry in reference to the foregoing- 
circumstance : "A great privilege and responsi- 
bility ! Lord, keep me very humble, and 
teachable, and in daily dependence upon Thee."' 
In the latter part of his life he was a member 
of Monkstown meeting, near Dublin, where his 


voice was frequently heard in prayer and 
exhortation ; but perhaps one of the most 
striking features of his Hfe and character was 
his readiness to assist in the visiting of other 
meetings, especially on First-days. He was 
particularly drawn to the smaller meetings in 
which there was not much ministry, and in 
these his services were often felt to be of peculiar 
value. His main theme was the redeeming 
work of the Lord Jesus Christ, and he loved to 
exalt the name of the Master whom he served. 
He was a diligent student of the Bible, and held 
strong views about the authority and inspir- 
ation of the Holy Scriptures, on which he often 
laid stress in his ministry. He had a deep 
sense of the value and necessity of prayer, 
both in private and in public, and often dwelt 
on the duty of intercessory prayer. By many, 
perhaps, he will above all be remembered for 
his frequent insistence upon the need for united 
prayer and on the promises in relation thereto, 
which was a subject constantly in his mind, and 
to Mhich he attached great importance. 

It was striking, in his later years, how 
greatly his capacity for understanding and even 
tolerating views and opinions with which he 
was himself unable to agree, had grown, under 


the influence, one cannot doubt, of the spirit 
of Christ, which led him to see that there was 
rightly room for such differences. Always 
very clear and definite in his own convictions, 
he had in later times shown a remarkable 
gentleness and tenderness of judgment in regard 
to such matters, which tended to increase his 
influence, and his power of usefulness. He was 
kind in visiting the sick and the infirm, and 
manifested a deep and warm sympathy with 
every form of human suffering. 

Throughout his long life probably no one 
subject had so large a share in his interest and 
his thoughts as that of foreign missions. He 
keenly felt the force and obligation of the 
Master's command that the Gospel should be 
preached in the whole earth, and it was not only 
our own foreign missions, but every work of a 
like character, which claimed and received his 
sympathy, and as far as possible his active help 
also. He has left behind him a memory of very 
real earnestness and devotion to duty, with mucli 
simplicity of character and humility of mind ; 
and in many ways, as was strikingly expressed 
on the occasion of his funeral, our dear Friend, 
John B. Beale will be much missed amongst 
us. — The Friend. 

han:nah e. bean. 


Hannah Elliott Bean, 78 31 Imo. 1909 

Hannah Elliott Shiplej^ daughter of 
Thomas and Lydia (Richards) Shipley, was 
})orn in Philadelphia on the 12th of 4mo., 1830. 
Her father was one of the early group of 
Abolitionists and friends of the coloured race. 
He was one of the founders of the American 
Anti-Slavery Society, a President of the Penn- 
sylvania Society, and a watchful defender of the 
rights of the coloured people of Philadelphia, 
scores of whom he rescued from unlawful 
captvire and abduction to slavery. He died 
when Hannah was six years old. Whittier's 
poem to his memory is an affectionate tribute 
to his character. Her mother, Lydia Shipley, 
lived on, beloved and honoured, to ninety-seven 
years of age. 

When quite young Hannah Shipley was 
entered at the Westtown Boarding School. 
She greatly enjoyed the years spent there. 
Her parents had both been pupils there near the 
opening of the Institution, and she had the 
peculiar pleasure of having a grand-daughter 
for two years in the dear old School. 

She early commenced teaching, first in 
Friends' Select School, and afterwards for some 


years in Mary Anna Longstreth's School for tlie 
Higher Education of Girls. 

As a teacher she endeared herself for life 
to a large class of young people. One of her 
scholars WTote (after her death) : " My tears 
have mingled with youi's, for I dearly loved 
the beloved one, and from my childhood she 
has been my loving, helpful, encouraging 
friend." Another : " I loved dear Teacher 
Hannah so dearly and owed lier so much in mj^ 
childhood and early life. The sunshine and 
strength she brought to me were inexpressible, 
and as I grew older I learnt to rely upon her 
as a dear companion and friend." She won a 
large place in the hearts of the parents of her 
pupils, and of the rare circle of the Friends of 
Philadelphia of that day. 

Her marriage to Joel Bean, in 1859, brought 
about an important change in her life, from the 
great city to the newly settled prairie land of the 
West. When her sister, Annabella E. Wiim, 
was asked if she thought Hannah could be happy 
in so different a life, she answered : "I have 
never seen her yet when she could not be happy." 

The same might be said of all her after- 
life. The great company of her scholars and 
friends of the city that filled the large JNleeting 


liouse on Orange Street on the occasion of her 
marriage, and that gathered round her before 
her departvire to Iowa, bore witness to the love of 
a wide circle, that never waned in after years. 

A hearty welcome met the coming bride 
at West Branch, Iowa, where, for over twenty 
years, her home was blessed with rare social 
privileges, and visits from many beloved saints 
of onr own and other lands. The country around 
was new and rapidly improving. Nearly all 
the population for miles around were Friends. 
The meetings were large. At Monthly and 
Quarterly Meetings the great houses were filled. 
There were at one time more than twenty 
recorded ministers in Springdale Quarterly 
Meeting, a number of whom had travelled far 
and wide as Gospel messengers. It was into 
sucli a Society as this that Hannah Bean came 
to fill a sphere of far-reaching and abiding 
influence. A lovely band of young people 
clustered around, to find in her a lively sym- 
pathy in their pleasures, their pursuits, and 
their sorrows. 

From the hundreds of letters that came to 
her family after her death, one or two brief 
quotations may be made, tliat refer to these 
years. One wrote : " I liave lived over and 



over again the happy years, when I went so 
freely in and out of the home, that has always 
been, since, the ideal one in my experience. I 
cannot express in words my thankfulness that, 
in the Providence of God, my life was permitted 
to come into such close touch with that home 
and household. I have been trying, and 
failing, to estimate the far-reaching, never- 
ending influence of your home and your lives 
upon that community, through your double 
work as teachers and ministers of the Gospel. 

" It cannot be estimated except in the light 
which Heaven will throw on earthly toil and 
sacrifice. Sweet lessons taught by H. E. Bean 
come up at memory's call, and I, too, as well 
as her children, call her blessed." 

Another wrote : " She was such a friend 
as I thank my heavenly Father for providing 
for my guidance and help. Her life has been an 
inspiration and a benediction to my own during 
all the years since those early childish days, 
when she led me to the fountain of life. No 
other earthly influence has ever so moulded my 
character, or so fixed my ideals of life." 

These are specimens of many letters in 
testimony to Hannah Bean's influence upon 
the youth of Iowa. In the work of the Church, 


the visitation of meetings in Iowa, Wisconsin 
and Minnesota, and in the organization of 
Iowa Yearly Meeting, a part was given her to 
serve. For several years she served at the 
table of the Women's Yearly Meeting, as Clerk 
and Assistant, with her two sisters-in-law, 
:Mary H. Tebbetts and Elizabeth B. Miles. 

Joel Bean had fully informed her before 
their marriage that he had for years felt a secret 
call to a field of religious service in the Sandwich 
Islands, and that he must hold himself in 
readiness to obey the call, when the time for it 
should be made clear. Two years after, in 
1861, that time arrived. Then the question 
had to be met whether it was right for her to 
accompany him. 

He believed that they would go together, 
but felt not at liberty to express a judgment 
to sway her decision before the will of the 
Master was made clear in her own soul. 

Very serious considerations were involved 
to test their faith. She had for months been 
subject to sudden and severe attacks of illness. 
One of her physicians predicted that if she went 
on this journey she would never return. 

As they sought to commit all to Divine 
direction, she saw her way clear to join in a 


mission that proved one of the bright portions 
of their lives, and the cure of her disease. 

In the voyage to and from the Islands, 
via the Isthmus of Panama, in San Francisco, 
and Honolulu, and in all tlie Mission Stations 
visited, and among the natives of the Islands, 
an open door of access was found to hearts and 
homes, where H. E. Bean's inflvience left an 
impression never to be lost. The fathers and 
mothers of that remarkable Mission were then 
nearly all living. In their isolated homes, the 
visitors were brought into near sympathy with 
them, as they heard the story of their toils and 
trials and successes ; and their hearts were bound 
together in friendship and Christian fellowship. 
They became known to a large proportion of 
the native population, whose smiling " Aloha's " 
greeted them wherev^er they went, and who 
crowded around them at the close of the large 
meetings to grasp their hands. 

Two more visits to the Islands in recent 
years, and the residence of children there, 
served to revive the remembrance of old asso- 
ciations, and to gain for Hannah Bean a wealth 
of affection from old and young. 

As an expression of this affection, an 
oxtvaet from one letter must suffice. It is 


from one of the Armstrong family, prominent 
in the old Mission, a sister of General 
Armstrong of the Hampton Institute. " I was 
with your daughter Cathie. We mingled our 
tears over the lost presence, so dear, so precious, 
which must henceforth be a cherished memory, 
I placed fragrant roses under the life-like 
portrait of dear blessed Hannah Bean, because it 
seemed the only way I could express my ' Aloha' 
for one whose life expressed so much to her 
friends, in pure thought, love and example." 

One other distant journey was taken from 
the home in Iowa, when Joel and Hannah Bean, 
in 1872-3, visited the British Isles. They 
attended many of the meetings of Friends in 
England, Scotland and Ireland, and London and 
Dublin Yearly Meetings. There was found a 
large place for H. E. Bean's public ministry ; 
and her rare conversational gift was brought 
into requisition in many a social circle gathered 
in the ample homes of English and Irish Friends. 

Of her work there one has written : "I 
do not know how to connect the thought of 
death in any way with H. E. Bean, hers was 
always such an abounding life, and she seemed 
to keep so young in heart to the last. I think 
of her as we knew her in 1872-3, with her large- 


liearted sympathy with each and all, her clear 
brain and the unusual combination of strong, 
practical good sense and shrewdness, with high 
spirituality, and the wonderful charm and 
sweetness of her manner. Her large heart 
seemed to have room for every one, and her mind 
seemed always open and ready to welcome 
truth from any quarter. I feel sad to think 
hoM- 1 shall miss her loving letters, but try to tell 
myself that she is no further away than before." 

Nine months were spent in those countries, 
a season remembered with peculiar gratitude 
for the privilege of meeting and mingling in 
spiritual fellowship with so many of the choice 
saints of our own generation who have passed 
on to the heavenly home, and of not a few 
still remaining, whom she ever held dear. 

From 1875-7 two years were spent by 
J. and H. E. Bean at Friends' Boarding School 
in Providence, R. I., where their two daughters 
were entered as pupils. Here, and among the 
New England Friends, a rare opportunity was 
open for Hannah Bean's power of influence. 

Before leaving New England, a visit to 
the meetings in Maine was made in company 
with her sister, Annabella E. Winn. 

Returning to Iowa in 1877, five eventful 


\ears followed, of varied and deepening ex- 
perience. Then the Guiding Star led the way 
to California in 1882. 

These were years of peculiar testing to 
Friends in the West. A tide of " Revivalism " 
swept over the Society, attended with teachings 
and methods subversive of the faith and order 
of Friends. 

One Yearly Meeting in 1878 recorded its 
' ' repudiation of the doctrine of the Inner Light, 
or of a portion of the Holy Spirit in the soul 
of every man, as dangerous, unsound, and 
unscriptural." Popular preachers everywhere 
denounced it as infidelity to believe in such a 
doctrine, and called upon Meetings to endorse 
their propaganda by rising vote. When 
several Yearly Meetings were rent asunder by 
this movement, and so many of the loved and 
honoured sought relief by separation, suffer- 
ing was the inevitable lot of others who remained 
in the body under the brand of unsound. 

Hannah E. Bean was one of this number. 
There was henceforth little room for the exercise 
of a ministerial gift like hers, where meetings 
were brought under the control of the Pastoral 
system, which to many seemed the necessary 
outcome of the Revival. 


In California, in a narrower sphere and one 
of isolation from the great body of the Society, 
a new chapter was opened in the story of her life. 
It was a change to a new environment, in a land 
of strangers. But as she had keenly enjoyed 
the former change from the great city to the new 
life in Iowa, she entered with like zest into the 
life here ; never looking back with any longing 
to return, but ever gratefully " taking the good 
she found, 

' The best of now and here.' " 

She soon found her way into the Chautaucjua 
Circle and the W.C.T.U. She was one of the 
early members of the Monday Club of cultured 
and spiritually- minded ladies from different 
Churches, banded together for mutual help and 
improvement. She was one of the first to 
organize a successful Needlework Guild, com- 
bining women from all the Churches in San 
Jose — Catholic and Protestant and Jewish — in 
this beautiful charity. Later, the Northern 
Californian Indian Association enlisted her 
warm interest and co-operation as one of its 
official Board. She gave her sympathy and 
support to ether charities, and gladly accepted 
the invitation of the Y.W.C.A. of the University 


of the Pacific, who sent for lier annually to 
address them. A large Neighbourhood Sewing 
Circle formed by her efforts, to make garments 
for the pcor, gave her much satisfaction in the 
last two years of her life, when she could go 
but little further from home. In all these 
Associations she enjoyed delightful companion- 
ship, and not a little of uplifting spiritual 
fellowship, and most affectionate tributes to 
her memory have been borne by them. 

She gave freely of her best in aid of every 
helpful undertaking. And in giving out, she 
was always gathering in fresh enthusiasm for 
the enriching of her own life, and that of her 
family. She hardly ever came home from a 
meeting or social gathering, or a friendly call, 
without some lively account to interest them all. 

She made one visit in Philadelphia in 1900, 
where she enjoyed a happy re-union with 
relatives and old friends, and when her ministry 
in the Yearly Meeting and elsewhere was 
welcomed with cordial acceptance. 

For nearly twenty-seven years her home in 
California was blessed with many sacred asso- 
ciations. Here her daughters were married, 
and loving grand-children grew up around 
her. Here the home was graced by the 


honoured presence of her husband's mother, 
urtil her ninety-seventh year, when she passed 
away in 1899. 

Here brothers and sisters and their childi-en 
had many happy re-unions and sweet com- 
panionships. Here beloved friends and Gospel 
messengers from distant lands were welcomed. 
And here in the Meeting at College Park was 
a choice circle of congenial Friends. 

In the last two years of her life H. E. 
Bean's range of activity become lessened by 
increasing limitations of advancing age and 
failing strength. 

Her summers by the sea-side at Pacific 
Grove were filled with precious privileges, 
when children and grand-children could be 
together, and intimate friends and dear neigh- 
bours were clustered around. There Hannali 
Bean and Ruth Murray were daily companions. 
The two sitting together with their sewing and 
reading, in the Cottage porch, or on the hill 
close by, overlooking the bay, formed a picture 
of peaceful content to be remembered. They 
were the revered centre of many a group, col- 
lected in the woods, or upon the shore, for 
pic-nics, and reading, and reciting of poems, 
and innocent recreation. 


Tiie meetings for worship in the Cottage on 
First-day mornings were hallowed by their 
unfailing presence, and their sweet ministry 
and prayers. In parting, at the end of their 
last summer there (in 1908), the uncertainty of 
meeting again was sensibly felt. Ruth Murray's 
beautiful life closed in a few weeks. 

For Hannah Bean the winter following was 
a very happy one. Shut in more closely than 
before, she and her husband had much reading 
together. A full tide of interest flowed into 
their lives from the activities around them, 
from the daily mail, the clustering of friends, 
and the home-coming at night of the children 
from college. Her busy needle, and her pen, 
and social calls and duties filled up the days. 

All was enjoyed in a spirit of thankfulness, 
often expressed, for the comforts and blessings 
of our Father's Providence. She loved the 
little meeting, and nothing but sickness or 
inclement weather prevented her from attend- 
ing it. Faithfully she ministered, and fervently 
she prayed on behalf of all connected with it. 
and many were the testimonies from the mem- 
bers and others who came, to the help they 
received through her messages. 

Wlien the subject of arranging for the 


coming summer was spoken of, she said, 
repeatedly, that she could see nothing to plan 
for it. The thought of death was faced without 
fear or dread, but not dwelt upor. She con- 
tinued, as she had always done, to live her full 
life in the present : in present duties and 
present enjoyments. 

Such was the last w^eek, when she spoke 
again and again of how much w^e had to be 
thankful for ; especially in the children and 
grand-children, absent and present, whose 
affection and care were a perpetual comfort, 
and the solace of her last hours. After only one 
night of illness, followed by a restful and peace- 
ful First-day, on the afternoon of First month 
31st, 1909, the instantaneous summons came to 
enter higher mansions of our Father's house. 
The verse had been often on her lips : — 

" Just so would I choose to depart, 

Just so let the summons be given, — 
A quiver, — a pulse of the heart 

A vision of angels, — then Heaven." 

Frederic Bell, 59 25 2mo. 1910 

Lisburn. Son of William L. and Maria 
Bell ; the former deceased. 

Thomas Bentley, 67 20 Imo. 1910 

Llandrindod Wells. 


Theodore F. Bevax, 47 7 12mo. 1007 

Sydney, New South Wales ; of Westminster 

and Longford. 
Albert W. Bishop, 43 8 8mo. 1910 

John Black, 68 19 4mo. 1910 

William Blake y, 27 5 imo. 1910 

Wood Green. 
Jacob Block, 59 6 12mo. 1909 


James Boorne, 85 2 2mo. 1910 

Cheltenham. A Minister. 

By the death of James Boorne, in February 
of this year, our Societ}- has lost a devoted 
member, and the world a good man. In the 
town of Reading, where the greater part of his 
long and active and beneficent career was spent, 
and in whose affairs he took so prominent a 
part, he will be long remembered as one of its 
foremost citizens, as an earnest champion of 
religious freedom, and a stalwart pioneer of 
social and political progress. 

Born at Reading, in 1824, James Boorne 
was the son of Noncomformist parents, but 



having been attracted by the sinipUcity of the 
Quaker mode of Hfe and worship, he early 
joined the Society of Friends, of which he was 
destined to become a highly-valued member 
and minister. In 1846, he entered into partner- 
ship with Joseph Huntley, ironmonger — brother 
of George Palmer's original partner — thus 
laying the foundation of the firm of Huntley, 
Boorne and Stevens, so well known as makers 
of tin boxes for the famous Reading biscuits. 
The partnership lasted nearly half a centiu-y, 
ceasing only in 1893, when the weight of advanc- 
ing years induced James Boorne to retire from 

A man of great mental power and of many 
parts, of large catholicity of mind and view, 
and possessed of a vigorous and striking person- 
ality, he was early brought into prominent 
association with public affairs in a very broad 
sense of the word. For many years he continued 
to take a large and distinguished share in the 
life of his native town. So thoroughly, indeed, 
did he identify himself with its interests, so 
heartily did he throw himself into every move- 
ment for the social and political welfare of his 
fellow-citizens, so conspicuous were his business 
ability and his grasp of affairs, that at the age 


of thirty-six he was made Mayor of Reading. 
He was a fine speaker, and his commanding 
presence, his rich and well-modulated voice and 
his gift of racy humour, together with his alert 
and well-stored mind, marked him as the most 
successful orator of the town. A strenuous 
Liberal, his tall figure was for many years, both 
metaphorically and physically, a rallying-point 
for the men of his party. He was justly proud 
of the part he took in securing the election, 
as one of the members for Reading, of Sir 
Francis Goldsmid, the first Jew to take his seat 
in the House of Commons. He was also one of 
the ablest and warmest supporters of George 
Shaw-Lefevre, now Lord Eversley, who repre- 
sented Reading for more than twenty years, 
and who was a member of so many Liberal 
governments. It may be noted that James 
Boorne's chief political work was done in days 
when conditions were very different from what 
they are in our time. Vast numbers of otu- 
countrymen were not then enfranchised. Those 
were days when seats were sold to the highest 
bidders, and when bribery, corruption and 
intimidation were open and unashamed. He 
lived to see the triumph of many reforms, 
both social and political, and to witness great 


advance in religious liberty, on behalf of which 
he had spoken so elequently and so well. 

His presidency of tliat once vigorous 
Society, the Reading Literary and Scientific 
Mechanics' Institute, brought him into close 
association with some of the most distinguished 
men of letters of his time. Dickens, Thackeray 
and Kingsley were his personal friends. It 
was at his invitation that Dickens gave, under 
the auspices of the Institute, his first public 
reading, from " Oliver Twist," on which 
occasion the great novelist w^as his guest. 

Man of affairs as he was, closely occupied 
as he was in business, and deeply interested m 
all social and political questions that con- 
cerned his fellow-townsmen, James Boorne, 
even as a young man, joined earnestly in the 
work of the Society of Friends. As early as 
1848 he wTote tracts in defence of Quakerism ; 
and in 1865 he published "The Friend in his 
Family," an exposition of our principles, as 
depicted in the writings of early followers of 
George Fox. He was a frequent contributor 
to the Friends' Quarterly Examiner ; and many 
readers may remember his brightly written 
articles on religious and literary subjects. 
James Boorne travelled much at one time in 


the Ministry, and in 1868 he visited, under 
religious concern, every Friends' Boarding School 
in England. It was in the same year that 
ho was recorded a Minister by Reading and 
Warborough Monthly Meeting. Until his 
health gave way in 1884, he was a constant 
attender at Yearly Meeting ; and his recollec- 
tions and impressions of its gatherings in former 
years were always full of interest, for his mind 
was a perfect storehouse for the history of 
Friends of a generation ago. In 1889 he 
presented to the London Friends' Institute a 
collection of over 1,350 portraits of members 
of the Society, thus forming the nucleus of the 
present picture gallery. 

In 1850, James Boorne was married to 
Ellen Whiting, daughter of Samuel and Susannah 
Whiting, of Reading and Newbury, and niece of 
his partner, Joseph Huntley. On her death 
in 1896 he removed to Hampstead, becoming a 
member of Westminster Meeting ; and in 1900 
to Cheltenham, where, at his house at Pittville, 
the remaining ten years of his life were spent. 
Until increasing weakness kept him more and 
more indoors, the little Meeting in Portland 
Street constantly benefited by his presence and 
ministry. His messages for the Meeting were 


messages that reminded his hearers of the 
common Fatherhood of God, and spoke to them 
of the never failing power of the Holy Spirit 
in their hearts. His was the direct ministry 
of Quakerism — full of feeling and good cheer. 

James Boorne's vigorous intellect remained 
unclouded to the last, and he was able to attend 
to his correspondence on the very day of his 
death. The end came as he would have wished 
it. He passed quietly away in his sleep, at the 
age of eighty-five, on the 2nd of February, 

Arthur Bowry 47 7 9mo. 1910 

Waterford. Member of Southampton and 

Poole Monthly Meeting. 

Hannah Bradshaw, 07 17 Imo. 1910 


Charles L. Braithwaite 09 31 Imo. 1910 

Southport, of Kendal. A ]Minister. 

AViLLiAM Bray, 74 30 lOmo. 1909 

Plymouth. An Elder. 

The son of a farmer of St. Blazey, near 
St. Austell, William Bray was born at Biscovey 
in 1835, and was educated at Sidcot, a school 
for M-hich he always entertained a warm regard, 




and where, at Old Scholars' Meetings and other 
gatherings, his was a welcome and familiar 
figure. There were no winter holidays for the 
scholars of sixty years since ; but even in sum- 
mer-time the passage by sea from Hayle to 
Bristol, which in those days was the best route 
to Sidcot, was sometimes, as he used to describe, 
rough and comfortless in the extreme. On leav- 
ing school he was apprenticed to a tailor at 
St. Austell, but soon after removing to Plymouth 
in 1857, he joined the staff of the Devon and 
Cornwall Bank. At a later period he joined in 
partnership with a Friend who was a corn 
merchant in the town, remaining in the busi- 
ness until 1900. 

During his long residence in Plymouth, 
extending over more than half-a-centmy, 
William Bray took so warm an interest in the 
affairs of the town that he came to be regarded 
as one of its best known and one of its most 
highly esteemed public man, displaying, 
throughout his whole career, an integrity of 
piu-pose which secured to him the confidence, 
attachment and veneration of his fellow- 

" He was," to quote from a Plymouth 
paper, " a type of the Quaker mercliant of the 


old school ; a man of the strictest probity, of 
the highest character, of the most rigid honesty, 
in all his dealings with his fellows. He gave 
his best to the service of his adopted town, 
and he brought into the twentieth century the 
quiet habits and the simple manners of an 
older age." 

In 1887, he was elected to a seat on the 
Town Council, of which he proved himself a 
most active and usefvil member, and at whose 
deliberations his sovmd judgment, coupled with 
his quiet and gentle bearing, was greatly 
valued. He was made an alderman and a 
magistrate in 1895, and on more than one. 
occasion declined the proffered honour of the 
mayoralty. Some of his best municipal work 
was done in connection with the tramways, 
of whose committee he was chairman for some 
years, always showing himself a true friend 
not only of the drivers and conductors, but 
also — in the days before electric traction — 
of the horses. As a magistrate he upheld the 
best traditions of the Bench, being actuated by 
a strict sense of justice, which, however, was 
always tempered with mercy. 

A life-long abstainer himself, he always took 
a strong practical interest in every effort on 


behalf of Temperance. As president of the 
Total Abstmence Society he did much to 
further the cause in Plymouth, and he never 
hesitated to take the chair at meetings, not only 
of his own but of similar associations. As 
might be expected from one of his gentle nature, 
he always showed the greatest abhorrence of 
war ; and he was an ardent supporter of 
International Arbitration, as the best means of 
safeguarding the peace of the world. 

A consistent Friend, he was one of the 
comparatively few in the West Country who 
retained the old distinctive speech and dress. 
For more than thirty years he served as Elder 
and Overseer, and for some twenty-one years 
he was Clerk to the West Devon Monthly Meet- 
ing. And although he was so well known as 
a man of affairs, in the public life of Plymouth, 
there can be no doubt, to quote from the Testi- 
mony of his Quarterly Meeting, " that his best 
interests lay where his peculiar gifts were most 
deeply understood and appreciated — in the 
various meetings of our Religious Society. As 
Clerk of the Monthly Meeting, lie presided over 
its deliberations with sound perception and 
weighty judgment. The exercise of his gift of 
Eldership was marked by much penetration 


and tenderness. In advice given publicly and 
privately he urged that the Vocal Ministry in 
our Meetings should only be entered upon 
under the anointing of the Holy Spirit, and 
that all our utterances should be commended 
by the evidence of a personal experience of a 
Baptism of the Divine Love. Fevi^ of us who 
were privileged to be present at the last meeting 
of the Committee of Ministry and Oversight 
will forget the solemn and searching address, 
delivered with much physical weakness, in which 
he entreated us to hold fast to the doctrines of 
Christ and to the fundamental principles of 
our Religious Society." 

William Bray was, from the first, a strong 
supporter of the Adult School Movement in 
Plymouth ; and up to the last he was a Class 
President in the School, of which he was one of 
the founders, now nearly fifty years ago, and 
in which his help and comradesliip are greatly 

" Towards the end of his life," to quote 
again from the Testimony, " he met with severe 
losses in business ; and those who know him 
best can say how keenly he felt his position. 
Yet perhaps no clearer evidence of his spiritual 
anchorage and Christian fortitude could have 


been given than the unmurmuring and contented 

spirit with which he met every adversity. 

No words could, perhaps, more fitly sum up the 

whole tenor of his life than the verse quoted 

at his funeral : — 

' The inner light, the inner calm, 
Have they who trust His champion arm. 

And hearing, do His will. 
For things are what not they appear ; 
In death is life, in trouble, cheer. 

And faith is conqueror still.' 

" Although William Bray's voice was seldom 
heard in our Meetings for Worship, the influence 
of his belief in immediate guidance was never 
unfelt. And those who received his advice 
and counsel, whether sought or unsought, 
bear testimony to the wisdom and kindly 
concern of his messages. 

" Wliether in the public life of the town, 
where his disinterested judgment was respected 
on every side, whether in his garden, where his 
love for the things of Nature seemed but another 
expression of his genial sympathy, whether in 
the later years of temporal disappointment, 
when the light of his spiritual guidance seemed 
to shine more clearly, or in the solemn silences 
of ovir Meetings for Worship, William Bray 
was always the same large spirit ; wise, kind. 


faithful, deeply concerned, ever drawing its 
light and strength from the Eternal source of 

His health had remained good until about 
twelve months ago, when a severe attack of 
bronchitis greatly weakened him, and seriously 
aflected his heart. But his last illness was 
brief. On the Wednesday he was out of doors. 
Next day he was confined to bed ; and, sinking 
rapidly, he breathed his last shortly before 
midnight on the following Satiirday. 

William Bray was twice married ; first to 
Elizabeth Johns of St. Austell, in 1861, and 
secondly, in 1880, to Elizabeth Messer Dyne 
of London, who, with two sons and three 
daughters, survives him. 

Priscilla Brayshaw, 89 26 4mo. 191(> 
Grancje- over- Sands. Wife of John Brayshaw. 
On the 26th of April, 1910, passed away 
at the ripe age of nearly ninety, at Grange- 
over-Sands, a dear old Friend, Priscilla 
Brayshaw, wife of John Brayshaw, and daughter 
of the late William Heald, of Chelmsford. 

Never in any way prominent, she was one 
who always shed a ray of sunshine about her. 
In the lines quoted in the notice of her decease : 


"The dear Lord's best interpreters 
Are humble human souls, 
The gospel of a life like hers 

Is more than book and scrolls." 

It was always a pleasure to call upon lior 
and hear her talk about Friends and their doings 
long ago, and of her experiences in America, 
where she resided for eleven years after her 
marriage in 1852. 

It is well for old people to have some hobby ; 
it keeps them from dwelling too much upon 
themselves and their failing strength. The 
hobby of her aged husband, who survives her, 
is gardening. Her hobby was obtaining pieces 
of material and making them into skirts and 
other garments for the poor ; in fact, she was a 
veritable Dorcas. These were distributed in 
various directions, wherever wanted — the 
Friends' Bedford Mission probably getting the 
largest share ; and it is believed that this work 
really added a few years to her life, as well as 
helping the needs of others. 

The sudden loss of their only son, E. A. 
Brayshaw, of Darlington, by a motor cycle acci- 
dent on the 1st of May, 1908, was a sad wrench 
for the dear old couple, but it was taken, not as a 
blow which must be submitted to because it 
could not be helped, but as a call from a loving 


Father, and there was thus still the same 
sunshine and the same qviiet trust, 

Priscilla Braj^shaw was buried in the 
cemetery at Grange-over-Sands on the 21st of 
April, and several of the relatives and friends 
who attended bore their testimony to a viseful 
quiet life and a humble trust in the Redeemer's 

Louis Brigitte, 02 8 llmo. 1909 

Frank W. Briggs, 48 14 llmo. 1909 

Sarah Broadhead. 98 29 llmo. 1909 

Headingley, Leeds. Widow of Joseph 

Jane E. Brown, 75 2 5mo. 1910 

Margaret Brown. 7.") — 8mo. 1910 

Northampton, late of Earith. 
Thomas Brown, — — — mo. 1910 

John T. Brufton, 66 25 Imo. 1910 

Eli Bubb, 73 23 2mo. 1910 

South Littleton. 



Henry Bulla, 82 18 llino. 190'.> 

Jane Bultitaft, 79 10 4mo. lOlo 


Frank Alexander Bunting, 

49 22 7mo. 1910 

Frank Alexander Bunting was born at 
Peckham in 1861, and was the eldest son of 
Henry Crake and Lydia Anne Bunting, his 
father dying before Frank was six years old. He 
went to school at Croydon, and was afterwards 
apprenticed to a chemist in his mother's native 
town of Witney. He showed so much aptitude 
in his business that many regretted when 
circumstances led him to rehnquish it and 
join his mother in her drapery business at 

He took keen interest in the lectures of the 
National Health Societ}^ and the St. John 
Ambulance Association, receiving certificates 
and medals in connection with them. He was 
a life abstainer, and always keen in every- 
thing connected with Temperance work. For 
many years he was a zealous member of the 
Independent Order of Good Templars, at one 
time or other filhng all offices in the local 


Lodges where he was Hving, and several in the 
Grand Lodge also. 

F. A. Bunting's was not an eventful life. 
It was a full life of real hard work with little 
extraordinary to mark it. As a young man he 
seemed almost inclined to take pride in his 
pessimism, and he was not always understood 
bj^ others ; but work was a liealthy tonic, and a 
larger sympathy for others was stimulated by 
his own anxieties ; and in looking at his life as 
a whole one sees how full it was of kind deeds, 
and how strongly it was marked throughout 
by faithful adherence to duty and by pains- 
taking attention to detail. 

Music was a favourite recreation of his, 
and for a Friend he possessed unusual knowledge 
of military matters. Both these facts probably 
influenced him in associating himself with the 
Salvation Army, though he also felt for some 
years that his special talents had freer scope 
there than among Friends. There is no doubt 
that his spiritual life was quickened during his 
connection with the Army. With his invariable 
straightforwardness he sent in his resignation 
of membership to Witney Monthly Meeting, 
but it was not accepted, as Friends felt it was 
possibly but a passing phase of his Christian 


life, and that he would again be led to associate 
himself helpfully with them. The Manchester 
Conference in 1895 was a time of special interest 
to him, and he remarked on his return, " I 
only wish I had seen all that in Quakerism 
before." Another time he said to a friend, 
" How I wish we could see more conversions 
in Friends' Meeting Houses ! " 

In 1884, F. A. Bunting married Julia 
Chamberlain, who was not at the time in mem- 
bership with Friends, though she joined the 
Society some years after. They had one son 
and four daughters. She died early in 1899, 
after a very long and suffering illness, bravely 
borne by them both. She was a capable woman, 
whom every one respected and loved ; and a 
friend who called on the morning of her death 
to offer help, will never forget his look or tone 
as he said, " Can you put some more flowers in 
her room, and see that they are bright ? " 
He was afterwards married to Miriam Elizabeth 
Crook. He entered into business on his own 
account in 1888, but still found time for active 
association with most of the public interests 
of the neighbourhood. He served on the 
Parish Council, and did much useful work in 
connection with the Fire Brigade and Young 


]\ren's Christian Association, being treasurer 
to the latter for many years. Much regret was 
felt when he left Charlbury, in 1901, to join his 
brother in business at Scarborough. During 
his short residence there he was too closely 
occupied to do much outside work. 

From 1902 to 1906 he found congenial 
employment as Secretary' of Ackworth School. 
From the first he took a most lively interest 
in all concerning the School and its surround- 
ings. He played in the School Band, and 
organized a Fire Brigade in the School and 
village, in which his services were warmly 
appreciated. He held, at the time of his death, 
both the bronze and silver medals, for long 
service (over twenty years), awarded by the 
National Fire Brigades Union. 

Frederick Andrews Avrites of him : " He 
C[uickly grasped the scope of his new duties 
and proved thoroughly efficient. When illness 
threatened him he showed great spirit and 
fortitude, refusing to acknowledge his weakness 
and assume the rSle of an invalid." Sea 
voyages were tried in the hope of restoration, 
but his health continued to fail, and he was 
sorrowfully obliged to leave Ackworth. In 
July he visited his relations and old friends 


in Charlbury and elsewhere, and died within a 
week after his return to Scarborough, after a 
short time of increased illness, July 22nd, 1910. 

vSusANNAH Burgess, 93 i lOmo. 1910 

Mary G. Burlingham, 81 8 4mo. 1910 

At Lewisham, of Peckkam. 
Sarah Binns Burne, 62 25 lOmo. 1909 

Dublin. Widow of Joseph G. Burne, M.D. 
Sarah Burton, 75 27 8ino. 19 10 

Wells, Norfolk. Widow of Samuel Burton. 
Ann BuRTT, 85 18 Imo. 1910 

Welbourn, near Lincoln. An Elder. 
Elizabeth Butler, 63 7 7mo. 1910 

Barnt Green. Wife of Cephas Butler. 
John Butler, 66 2 Umo. 1909 

Rathgar, Dublin. 
Mary Carter, 

Keynsham, Somerset. 

Rhoda Carter, 

Leeds. Daughter of 

^laria Carter. 
William Kirby Carter, 51 23 







ife of John L. 



5 mo. 







Charles R. Catohpool, 49 16 lOmo. 1909 

At Newcastle-on-Tyne, of Tmihridge Wells. 
Alfred S. Clark, 81 15 2mo. 1910 

Ernest Clark, 31 27 5mo. 1910 

Doncaster. Son of Joseph Firth and Sarah 

Ann Clark. 
xVnne Shaw Clarke, 80 24 8mo. 1910 


Ellen Clarke, 79 25 3mo. 1910 

Rathgar, Dublin. 

This dear Friend, who passed away after a 
very short illness, was the daughter of Isaac 
and Mary Clarke, of Grange, Co. Antrim, and 
was born on the 30th September, 1829. 

For seventeen years she had charge of one 
of the cottages at Dr. Barnardo's Village Homes, 
at Ilford in Essex. And although she gave up 
this post many years ago, she always retained 
a warm interest in her girls. Shortly before 
the end she asked a niece to write to two of 
them. One wrote, after hearing of her death : 
" She had been ailing for a long time, and so, 
for her sake, I am glad that she is at rest. I 
am proud to think that she thought of me to the 
last. I can hardly expect you to understand 


how the thought that she loved me made me 
strive daily to aim higher, and to be all that she 
wished. Might I ask you to buy som.e flowers 
with the enclosed, as a token of my gratitude 
and respect for the one who was more to me 
tlian my own mother could ever have been ? " 

The other girl wTote in a similar strain. 

After leaving Ilford, Ellen Clarke returned 
to Ireland, and spent the latter part of her life 
principally in the neighbourhood of Dublin. 
She was of a retiring disposition, and was not 
much known beyond her own circle. A friend 
who knew her wrote to her niece : " She was a 
very interesting person. Her end w^as peace, 
and there can be no doubt that she was received 
with the welcome ' Well done, good and faith- 
ful servant. . . . Enter thou into the joy 
of thj' Lord.' " 

Mary Cliff, 08 24 9mo. 1909 

Nottingham. Wife of Arthur Winrow Cliff. 

Matthew Compton, 72 17 llmo. 1909 

South Tottenham. 

Grace Cook, 72 25 9mo. 1910 

High Flatts. Wife of Thomas Grace. 

Alfred Copeland, 76 11 7mo. 1910 

Clang ford, Essex. 


Mary Ann Crossley, 75 1 lino. 1010 

Frederick Crowley, 84 26 2mo. 1910 

Alton, Hampshire. An Elder. 

Frederick Crowlejs the last surviving son 
of Abraham Crowley, was born at Alton, in 
Hampshire, nearly eighty-five years ago. His 
whole life was passed in his native town, of which 
he was a highly esteemed and honoured citizen, 
and in whose affairs he took, for many years, a 
conspicuous and useful part. Elected a member 
of the Alton Local Board in 1865, and serving 
for twenty-seven years as its chairman, he 
remained on it mitil, in '1894, it was merged 
in the Urban District Council. He was then 
elected Chairman of the new body, and continued 
a member of it until his retirement six years 
ago. During this period he largely controlled 
the affairs of the town, his bvisiness capacity, 
extensive local knowledge and recognised 
integrity rendering him well fitted for a prominent 
position in its government ; and he was able to 
carry out many important public improvements. 
His generosity was conspicuous in all local 
institutions ; the Mechanics' Institute — which 
he joined while quite a young man, and of which, 
having been more than twenty years its presi- 



dent, he was, at the date of his death, the oldest 
member — receiving a large measure of his 
support. There he gave annual lectures, 
chiefly on scientific subjects, in which he was 
keenly interested. His lectures on heat, light, 
sound, electricity, the phonograph, and kindred 
topics, always illustrated by the newest appara- 
tus, were listened to by large and appreciative 

Greatly interested, like his father before 
him, in Education, he bought, in 1866, a site 
for a British School ; and having erected a 
suitable building on it, he handed the property 
over to the School Committee, as a free gift. 
He was also one of the governors of the Grammar 
School. Another institution which he sup- 
ported was the Young Women's Christian 
Association, founded and endowed by himself 
and his Avife, and for which he provided adequate 
accommodation. The spacious grounds of his 
home of Ashdell were freely throw-n open for 
Sunday School and other fetes, and large number 
bers of visitors enjoyed walking amongst the 
beautiful trees and flowers. His head gardener 
had been with him for nearly forty years, and 
many of his employees had worked for him 
nearlv all their lives. 


Frederick Crowley's character has been 
described as that of the sterling type, so often 
infused by a Friends' descent and training 
into a strong yet retiring nature such as his 
was. One who knew him well names foxir 
characteristics as especially distinguishing him : 
Uprightness, Cheerfulness, Thoroughness, and 
Benevolence ; qualities that were, in great 
measm-e the outcome of the inner spirit that 
actuated him, and which showed themselves 
in his daily life. " He walked before God," 
continues the narrator, " in the simple faith 
of one who know that he was redeemed and 
forgiven. . . . One never knew him dull 
or depressed. He was not a man of moods. 
Cheerfulness, it has been said, keeps up a kind 
of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady 
and perpetual serenity. This was true of 
Frederick Crowley. It was the joy of his heart 
to help his fellow men. Being possessed of 
outward means, he felt it his duty to give 

He was deeply attached to the Society of 
Friends, and was loyal to its principles, which 
he carried out in his private and public life. He 
held for several years the offices of Elder and 
Treasurer of his Monthly Meeting ; and, until 


bodily weakness set in, a few years since, no one 
was a more regular attender of Monthly, 
Quarterly and Yearly Meetings. An illustration 
of his adherence to the principles of Friends 
was given in the perseverance with which he 
kept up the little Meeting at Alton, although 
it often happened, in recent years, that only 
one member besides himself was present. It 
may be added that, unless some Friends come to 
reside in the locality, this Meeting, which holds, 
a long record of worthies who, in former gener- 
ations have worshipped there, must cease to 

Frederick Crowley's spiritual attitude was 
ever that of humility and a sense of unworthiness. 
The simplicity of his faith was striking. During 
his illness he spoke of his trust in the Saviour, 
quoting the words : "I know Him whom I 
have believed, and am persuaded that He is able 
to keep that which I have committed to Him." 

After three or fotir years of illness, borne 
with true patience and resignation, the end came 
peacefully. In the words of one who was 
present, " We could not but rejoice that now at 
length his eyes were open to see the King in 
His beauty, that all the weakness and weariness . 
were past, and that he was truly at rest." 


Peiscilla Cud worth, 83 18 5mo. 1910 
Reigate. Widow of James I' Anson Cvidworth. 
An Elder. 

Minute of Dorking, Horsham and 
Guildford Monthly Meeting. 

This Monthly Meeting desires to place on 
record its testimony to the loving service for 
God of our late dear friend, Priscilla Cudworth 
(widow of James I' Anson Cudworth) at one 
time an Elder, whom it has pleased the Lord 
to take to Himself in the fulness of years. 

Her long life was marked by loving thought- 
fulness and care for others, and her sweet 
gentleness has been helpful to many. She 
died on the 18th of Fifth Month, 1910, aged 
eighty-three years. 

William J. Cudworth, OO 31 12mo. 1909 
On the last day of 1909, there passed away at 
York, a Friend who had held a prominent 
position in the North Eastern Railway, — 
William J. Cudworth, lately chief engineer of 
the Southern Division of the Railway, a position 
he resigned in October, on account of ill-health. 
His death closes a family connection with the 
railway extending over seventy years, for it was 


in 1S40 that his father, the late WilHani Cud- 
worth, of Darlington, entered the service of the 
Stockton and Darlington Railway. 

W. J. Cndworth was born at Darlington 
in 1848, and was educated at Kendal School. In 
1865 he entered the engineer's office of the 
Xorth Eastern Railway at Darlington as a pupil 
under his father, who was then engineer of 
the Darlington section. Shortly after finish- 
ing his time as a pupil, he left the profession of 
engineering, and qualified himself for practice 
as an architect by undergoing a course of 
training as a working joiner, and subsequently 
entering an architect's office in London. 
Four years later, however, he returned to 
railway engineering, and from 1874-1891 served 
as assistant on the Central Division of the 
North Eastern Railwa3^ In 1891, he became 
chief engineer of that division, and in 1899 
chief engineer of the enlarged Southern Division, 
the railway at that time being arranged in two 
instead of three divisions. W. J, Cudwortla 
was transferred to York, where he has lived for 
the past ten years. In taking over the duties 
at York he had a very high standard of railway 
engineering to emulate, and to that he worked 
up thoroughly and conscientiously. 


Amongst the numei'ous railway engineering 
works which W. J. Cudworth saw com- 
pleted are the extension of the Hartlepool 
Docks and of the Wear Valley Railway ; the 
construction of the Seaham and Hartlepool and 
Isle of Axholme Joint RailM^ays, the latter 
including a swing-bridge across the South 
Yorkshire Navigation. Numerous widenings 
of Inisy lines and station remodellings have been 
carried out under his supervision. Another 
work is the Selby and Goole Railway, now under 
construction. He was keenly interested in all 
the latest developments in engineering, and, 
in order to obtain information of the most 
up-to-date methods, he undertook a tour in 
Canada and the United States some two years 
ago. Several months were devoted to these 
territories, inspecting all the great railway 
engineering works ; and he brought back a vast 
amount of valuable information. 

But business claims were not allowed to 
crowd out the duties of citizenship, and W. J. 
Cudworth took a keen interest in civic and 
philanthropic affairs in York, while his wife and 
daughters have been closely associated with 
social and charitable movements. Like his old 
friend, Henry Tennant, he was an ardent 


Temperance advocate, and he was President of 
the York and District Band of Hope Union. 
Many in York and on the railway staff will 
feel keenly the loss of a good citizen and a 
trusted and efficient public ofificial. 

Jane Cummings, 72 10 2nio. 1910 

Lurgan. Wife of James Cummings. 
Ann Curtis, 70 2 3mo. 1910 

Rebecca S. Darby, 77 30 Imo. 1910 

Mary Darbyshire, 70 13 2mo. 1910 

Eccles. Daughter of the late James and Mary 

Edith Davidson, 2 days 12 3mo. 191(> 

Elizabeth Da vies, 83 15 5mo. 191(> 

James Dawe, 57 28 7mo. 1910 

St. Austell. 
Maria L. Deane, 75 1 12mo. 1909 

John E. Dixon, 72 5 7mo. 191(> 

James Dunbar, 74 15 9mo. 1910 

Allerton By water, Castle ford. 


Matilda Dunford 81 18 6mo. 1910 

Mary Dunning, 92 5 6mo. 1910 

Collingham, near Leeds. Widow of Jonathan 

Charles Elcock. 75 10 2mo. 1910 

George England, 77 17 2mo. 1910 

Emily Faren, 58 5 2mo. 1910 

Belfast. Daugliter of Joseph and Elizabeth 


George H. Farrington, 81 20 Imo. 1910 
Winchmore Hill. An Elder. 
Friends of Winchmore Hill Meeting, to 
which he had belonged for between thirty and 
forty years, feel that the deatlx of George Henry 
Farrington has left a vacant place which it will 
be difficult to fill. A familiar figure in his own 
Quarterly Meeting of London and Middlesex, 
and a regular attender of the Meeting for Suffer- 
ings, he was not perhaps otherwise very widely 
known. But as a most diligent attender of 
our Meetings for Worship and Church affairs, 
an active though unofficial Overseer, and a 
valued appointed Elder, he was at all times 


" an ensample to the flock." The stranger at 
^Meeting was sure to have liis warm liand-shake, 
accompanied by inquiries as to his identity ; 
and there are several who, through his kindly 
evidence of interest, came, in time, to join 

George H. Farrington, born in London in 
1828. although not by birthright a member of 
our Society, was descended from Friends, his 
maternal grandfather having been disowned 
for " marrying out." And although for many 
years cut off from all connection with Friends, 
lie always declared that he was " a Quaker in 
principle." He was left an orphan when very 
young, and had to fight the battle of life under 
great disadvantages and among very unhelp- 
ful surroundings. His diligence, perseverance, 
and integrity, liowever, enabled him in time to 
lay the foundation of a wholesale printing and 
stationery business, in which he continued for 
tlie rest of his life. Together with his wife he 
was received into our Society in 1865, by 
Tottenham Monthly Meeting, having previously 
attracted the attention of some of its members 
owing to his strong protests against the charge 
for tithes, which had l^een levied on his premises 
in the City. This cliarge he firmly refused to 


pay ; and again and again suffered distraint 
of his goods. There canie a time, however, 
when the Lord Mayor, recognising this as a case 
of conscientious scruple on the one hand, and 
as of persecution on the other, refused to sign 
the warrant for distraint, declaring his owti 
willingness to take any possible consequences. 
The result of this notable declaration was that 
no further attempt was made to collect the 

During the last thirty years, George H. 
Farrington, either alone or in company with 
other Friends, was a frequent visitor to other 
Meetings, in which he always received a warm 
welcome. Although never recorded a minister, 
he received, on several occasions, minutes from 
his Monthly Meeting, expressing cordial sjrn- 
pathy with the object of his journeys. He 
paid a number of such visits to the Yorkshire 
Dales, to which he seemed specially attracted, 
and among whose scattered communities of 
Friends his service was always appreciated. 
The visits were often paid in company with 
William Robinson. Not a man of many words, 
George H. Farrington' s messages were offered 
in simplicity, and with cheerfulness of spirit ; 
and were often felt to be as the word in season 


to the comfort of the sincere seeker after Hght. 
His long experience of life enabled him to give, 
in the spirit of his Master, helpful counsel to 
others in time of need. 

Of late years Winchmore Hill has come to 
occupy a somewhat exceptional position among 
London Meetings in the matter of funerals, its 
graveyard being not unfrequently used for the 
interment of those belonging to other meetings, 
in consequence of association through former 
family interments. For many years George 
H. Farrington was in the habit of exercising 
a thoughtful and efficient oversight on such 
occasions, manifesting his sympathetic interest 
in the mourners, especially in the case of those 
in hvimbler position, and of those with but 
little existing connection with our Society. 
He often made special efforts to arrange for the 
presence of some Friend having a gift in the 
Ministry, and, particularly in the case of non- 
members, the result often was to impress them 
Avith a sense of the decorum and solemnity of 
a Quaker funeral. 

A large number of Friends and others, 
including many of George H. Farrington' s 
customers and of the inhabitants of Winchmore 
Hill, to whom he was well-known and by whom 


he was greatlj' respected, were present at the 
interment, when testimony was borne to the 
usefulness of the life of the departed, and to the 
loss which his death had occasioned to the 

Maria Feltham, 78 13 Cmio. 1910 

Antelyas, Syria. Member of Hitchin Monthly 

Maria Feltham was born on the 13th of 
February, 1832, at Canonbury Square, in 
the parish of St. Mary, Islington. Her father, 
John Feltham, was a Yorkshireman who had 
come up to London from Huddersfield in early 
life, and had established a bill-discounting and 
banking business at No. 42, Lombard Street. 
John Feltham had married Sarah Robinson, 
of Manchester, second daughter of John Robin- 
son, a native of Cumberland, whose wife Mary 
had been a Neild of Morrisbrook in Cheshire. 

The "strength of the hills" may be said 
to have been part of Maria Feltham' s heritage ; 
and she grew up into sympathetic communion 
with a remarkably large circle of relations, 
many of them possessing strongly marked 
individuality and keen intellectual powers. 

Before 1850 the Felthams had moved out 



of London to Winchniore Hill, in those days a 
country village with no railway station, highly 
approved of by Friends in easy circumstances 
as a desirable place of residence. 

The death of her mother, at the end of the 
year last mentioned, was the first great sorrow 
in Maria Feltham's life. Her father siirvived 
until 1866, and in the following year Mary and 
Maria Feltham migrated to Hitchin. Mary 
Feltham had previously met with an accident 
which left her an invalid for life. Hence the 
younger sister naturally succeeded to the execu- 
tive side of the management of their little house- 
hold. From the first they took a helpful share 
in all the manifold interests pertaining to 
Hitchin Meeting. Old and young alike enjoyed 
a participation in their cheerful home-life. 
Special attractions existed for the latter in the 
form of an aquarium, sundry pet animals of 
sterling mierit, and a benign parrot of extra- 
ordinary age and wisdom. Upon reflection, 
however, the child-visitors to that house would 
see that their warm welcome from the sisters 
themselves was the thing that they chiefly 

The comparatively sudden death of Mary 
Feltham, in 1877, occurring as it did at a time 


when hopes had arisen that her condition uiight 
be materially improved by surgical treatment, 
came as a crushing blow to her younger sister, 
who was now left alone in the world. Those 
who knew how absolutely devoted to each other 
the sisters had been, could not but wonder how 
the survivor would shape her life under the new 
conditions. In the meantime, Maria Feltham's 
valuable gift in the Christian ministry was 
officially recognised by her jMonthly Meeting 
in the spring of 1878. 

At the end of 1879 she paid a fii'st short 
visit to Palestine, and returned after a few 
weeks, having much enjoyed this new experi- 
ence, which had, in fact, introduced her to the 
future scene of her life's labom-s. The Call of 
the East had indeed been sounding in her ears 
almost from childhood. Among the treasures 
of her father's library had been those tall 
folios containing lithographic views, bj^ David 
Roberts, of the Holy Land, Egypt, and Nubia. 
No doubt our Friend had learned to love those 
weighty volumes before she had acquired the 
strength necessary to lift them. 

In November, 1880, Maria Feltham was 
again steering eastward, this time in company 
with Ellen Clayton, and with the definite 


object of visiting the Friends' Mission on 
Mount Lebanon. If the results of a probation- 
ary period shovild prove satisfactory, she could 
now see her way to devote herself to that service 
while life and health lasted. The visit was a 
success ; the call to missionary labour became 
distinct and unmistakable ; and she saw that 
lier one duty was to obey. Returning to 
England in 1881, a few busy months were spent 
in making ready for this new departure. 
Minutes of liberation were obtained from her 
own Monthly Meeting, from Bedfordshire 
Quarterly Meeting, and from the Morning 
Meeting in London. A Friend remarked, at the 
farewell meeting at Hitchin, that the West was 
sending back to the East the Christianity which 
it had received from that quarter. Many who 
were present on that occasion must have felt 
extreme reluctance to acquiesce in their Friend's 
concern, knowing how useful she had been in a 
variety of ways, and how great a gap would 
reveal itself when she had gone. Others, 
possibly, almost failed to understand how one 
surrounded by congenial friends, and with every 
physical comfort at command, could, of her own 
deliberate choice, give up all these blessings 
and bury herself in a distant land, for the sake 


of any cause, however good it might be. A few, 
we may hope, had faith to believe that the right 
thing was being done, and that the new life in 
the East was to crown and complete the long 
years of preparation in the West. 

The annals of the Syrian Mission preserve 
the details of Maria Feltham's work at Brumana 
during the last twenty years of the nineteenth 
century. Her activities were not restricted 
to any one department ; for, after " mothering " 
the inmates of the Girls' Training Home, she 
could turn her hand to Dispensary work, or to 
almost anything else M^hich came within the wide 
range of her powers. One who had grappled 
with the difficulties of photography in the 
earlier, and more evil, days of that science, was 
not at all likely to be daunted by the advent 
of unfamiliar problems. Her strong practical 
common sense was constantly overcoming 
obstacles. It was remarked by a visitor from 
England, that if Maria Feltham did nothing 
beyond looking on at the work of others, and 
tactfully removing causes of friction as they 
arose, her presence would still have been most 
valuable. Wliatever the duty of the day 
might be, she seemed able to find enjoyment in 
it. Her very real liking for the Syrians as a 


people was founded upon accurate knowledge 
of them ; and while their flowery language upon 
ceremonial occasions might tickle her sense of 
humour, she fully appreciated the genuine 
good-hearted feeling which prompted their 
words. The love that she bestowed iTpon them 
was returned in full measure, both by old and 
young. Tae latter especially were apt learners, 
and it was always a joy to watch the visible 
progress that they were making from day to 

Once in every three or four years Maria 
Feltham took a long holiday in England. And 
in the years which intervened it was her custom 
to plan and carry out, in pleasant summer 
weather, a camping expedition, with tents and 
dragoman, in the old-fashioned leisurely style. 
A good general knowledge of the country was 
thus picked up in the most enjoyable manner 
possible. Tne journal-letters to Friends in 
England, recounting her holiday experiences, 
were always brightly written and well worth 
reading, with interesting comments on places 
and people jotted down at every stage of the 
journey. Maria Feltham never tired of acquir- 
ing information by the Socratic method of 
colloquial inquiry. Thus she ascertained at 


first hand from stout Jewesses on Mediterranean 
liners how they cared nothing at all about 
romantic schemes for the re-settlement of 
Palestine by deserving Hebrews. Or, on find- 
ing herself in the Citadel at Cairo, she would 
draw Private Thomas Atkins into conver- 
sation, and compare notes with him on matters 
of common interest to both. The following 
fragmentary extract from a journal-letter 
of 1890 is the only one for which space can be 
found here. It is not lacking in suggestiveness : 

" A day or two ago E.M.B. and I went 
into the village to see a Druse man, the one I 
used to say looked like Abraham stepped out of 
the Bible ; poor old man, he has been laid by 
some months, from the bite of a dog. 

" He wanted to know whether the English 
kings w^ere coming to deliver the land, — one of 
the Druse ideas — and was very anxious to im- 
press on us that he was a ' Messiene ' (Christian). 
I suppose he remembers how grieved I was at 
him for his way of speaking of Christ. But 1 
do not attempt to argue with him, indeed he is 
too deaf, even if he were willing to listen." 

At the beginning of 1898 the Friends' 
Syrian Mission became merged in the Friends' 
Foreign Missi n\ Association. Many changes 


in management and staffing naturally followed. 
Maria Feltham saw the work of the Mission 
safely through this transition stage before 
resigning her official position as one of the 
missionaries. This resignation took effect in 
1900. Our Friend had now arrived at a period 
in her life when such a release from active service 
might fairly be asked and granted. It was 
" time to grow old ; to take in sail." 

The hopes of her friends in England that 
Maria Feltham might be induced to settle in the 
Homeland were doomed to disappointment. 
To have recommenced housekeeping at the age 
of sixty-eight would have been a formidable 
task ; but it is likely that the vagaries of our 
English climate practically turned the scale. 
No doubt the returning Crusaders were un- 
favourably impressed by the weather conditions 
then prevailing in these islands, and the crossed- 
legs upon their tombs are significant of the 
rheumatism which few of them can have 

Thus it was that, after wintering at Bourne- 
mouth over the end of the centurj^ our Friend 
again made her way to the East, joining Dr. 
B, J. Manasseh and his family in a new Mission 
which had been begun at Antelyas, in the plain 


country near Beyrout. This remained her home 
to the end. Although her liealth became vari- 
able, and her strength gradually declined, she 
could always contrive to occupy her time with 
some useful employment, and to find pleasure 
in so doing. As she had contributed freely 
of her means to the new buildings at Brumana 
in former years, so now she generously helped 
in the equipment of Antelyas. 

The winter of 1907-8 was also spent at 
Bournemouth. Tlie weather seems to have 
been replete Mdth gloom, and there are pathetic 
passages in Maria Feltham's diary which express 
her heartfelt thankfulness for any unwonted 
gleams of sunshine that lighted upon her in one 
of her good days. She was in Birmingham for 
the Yearly Meeting of 1908, but did not feel 
equal to regular attendance at its sittings. 
Visits to relatives and friends in various parts 
of England followed, and a short stay among 
the Cumberland mountains was particularly 
enjoyed. So back to London, and the in- 
evitable last farewells, and the final departure 
from England in early autumn. 

Our Friend's last illness began on the 
20th of May, 1910, and terminated peacefully 
with her death on the 13th of June, only four 


days after the first news of serious indisposition 
had reached England. The funeral at Bruniana 
on the 14th was an impressive scene ; large 
numbers of people of all sorts and conditions, 
and representing many forms of religious faith, 
climbing the "goodly mountain" to pay 
their last tribute of respectful love. The members 
of the two Friends' Missions were combined 
into one family group around the open grave 
that day, — a good omen of their helpful co- 
operation in the time to come. 

Let us return thanks to the Giver of all 
Good for the life which has been lived amongst 
us and away from us ; for the work faithfully 
done both in great things and in small ; for the 
spoken word testifying of Jesus Christ, and for 
the sweetness and light which shone out behind 
the words, and brought us very near to the mind 
of the Master. Let us be thankful too for the 
" heart at leisure from itself, to cheer and 
sympathise," and for the unfailing supply of 
friends upon whom that heart's longings were 
expended. All who were of that companion- 
ship, whether Mission colleagues, or relations, 
or other acquaintances, or those trusted servants 
who would have followed her to the world's 
end and back, — all these have enjoyed no 


■common privilege. They will remember ; how 
•could they forget ? 

Not only a fragrant memory has been left 
behind, but a bright, stimulating and inspiring 

Lucy P. Fleming, 45 22 8mo. 1910 

Brasted, Kent, of Westminster and Longford 
Monthly Meeting. Wife of Owen Fleming. 

Elizabeth Fletcher, 74 14 4mo. 1910 

Hannah Foster, 75 17 Imo. 1910 

Castleford. Wife of Amos Foster. 

Ellwood Fox, Imo. 6 3mo. 1910 

Coventry. Son of George A, and M. L. Fox. 

Frederic H. Fox, 85 21 3mo. 1910 


On the 21st March, Frederick Kingston 
Fox passed away at his residence. The Knowle, 
Seymour Park, Plymouth, at the age of 
eighty-five. He had survived his wife between 
two and three years. Both within the Society 
of Friends and outside it, Frederick and Anna 
Fox were well known and esteemed. 

After a few years spent at Kingsbridge, 


South Devon, they removed to Torquay, where, 
at their lovely homes of Oakhill and Gonvena, 
they dispensed wide hospitality, and frequently 
lent their drawing-room for gatherings connected 
with the interests of religious and philanthropic 
causes. General Booth generally stayed with 
them when at Torquay, and on one occasion 
when some of his officers were committed to 
prison by an vmfriendly bench of magistrates 
for a technical violation of the law, Anna Fox, 
when sentence was pronounced, arose in court, 
and in a clear and emphatic voice uttered the 
words, " Blessed are they who are persecuted 
for righteousness sake." 

After some years' residence at Torquay, they 
removed to Edgbaston, Birmingham, where at 
Grasmere, Bristol Road, they again opened their 
house to the very numerous calls which a large 
jNIeeting and a wide community entailed. When 
circumstances again led them to remove, this 
time to Severn Lodge, Sneyd Park, in the 
neighbourhood of Bristol, they were the same 
hospitable hosts and earnest promoters of 
every good cause as they ever had been. 

Notwithstanding a naturally very diffident 
disposition and manner. Frederick H. Fox was a 
man of clear and decided views on ma.nv matters. 


whicli lie considered inseparably connected 
with Christian truth. He had a retentive 
memory and a well-stored mind. He was a 
lowly and faithful follower of that Saviour 
whose atoning and sacrificial work his wife 
loved to set forth in her ministry. 

When she died in 1907, Frederick Fox 
came to Plymouth to spend the remainder of 
his days in the midst of an attached family 
circle, and in a Meeting where his gentle and 
Christ-like spirit was much appreciated, and to 
be a member of which he often expressed liis 
thankfulness. His eye was gratified by the 
colouring and beauty of his beloved Devon- 
shire, whilst around his walls hung the evidences 
of his artistic taste and skill in the many 
water-colour sketches of scenes in Norway, 
Switzerland, etc. 

Tiie funeral took place on the 24th March, 
in the little quiet burial ground behind the 
Meeting-house in Treville Street, Plymouth, 
where he had felt it a privilege to worship ; 
and there was felt to be, by those assembled, 
a peculiarly sweet covering of peace such as was 
appropriate to the committal to his last earthlj- 
resting-place of "an Israelite indeed, in whom 
there was no guile." 




Nathaniel Fox, 74 29 3mo. 1910 

Falmouth. An Elder. 

Nathaniel Fox was born at Falmouth in 
1835, being the son of Joseph and Anna 
Peters {nee Tregelles) Fox. In early life he 
was very delicate, and spent much time in 
the sick room, memories of which and the 
drastic remedies and low diet usual in those 
days he often spoke of in later years and 
compared with the more enlightened modern 
practices. Though originally intended to 
follow the usual profession of his father's 
family (that of a surgeon) it was considered 
that his health would not be equal to it, 
and he was apprenticed as an ironmonger, 
an avocation in which he continued till the 
time of his death. He married, in 1857, 
Elizabeth Cox (a partnership which continued 
for forty-nine years), who was a real help- 
meet to him, an affectionate wife, a tender 
mother, and a most able nurse, and moreover, 
a never failing inspirer of hope. Her death, 
which occurred in 1906, was a great sorrow 
from which he never fully recovered. 

In 1870, the street in which he lived was 
devastated by a fire which originated next door, 
and in a very short time his house and shop 


were bivrnt to the ground ; not a single piece 
of furniture was saved, and very little else, and 
he and his wife and seven children had only the 
clothes they wore. What appeared a great 
calamity and certainly was a great loss was from 
one point a blessing ; for the old house being 
replaced with new, improved health was the 
result, and in later years he often spoke of this 
event as a blessing in disguise. The home life 
was thus divided into two parts — before and 
after the fire. 

In spite of the heavy strain of business life 
he found time for public work in many directions. 
He was elected Mayor in 1865, at the age of 
thirty, and served for many years as Councillor 
a,nd Alderman, and later as Justice of the 
Peace. He was joint Hon. Librarian of the 
Falmouth Free Library from its commence- 
ment, and for many years he was a member of 
the Harbour Board and of the Chamber of 
•Commerce. He was Vice-Chairman of the 
Education Authority, and one of the Managers 
■of the National School up to the time of his 
death. In politics he was a Liberal, and 
did good service to that cause in his town, 
never failing to raise his voice in upholding 
'Temperance, Peace and Freedom. He suffered 


distraint of his goods for the old and oppressive 
Rector's Rate, and he was an uncompromising 
Passive Resister, For forty-six years he was 
one of the judges of the Royal Cornwall 
Polytechnic Society and when, during his last 
illness, he felt compelled to resign, it gave him 
great pleasure to receive the very kind wishes 
and expressions of appreciation which were 
coupled with the presentation of the Society's 
silver medal to him for his services. 

A firm believer in total abstinence from 
intoxicating liquors, he was President of the 
local society for many years, organizing number- 
less meetings, and he often could be found with 
others like-minded in the open air at the close 
of a busy day, striving by earnest words to save 
others from the snare of strong drink. He took 
a great interest in the Sailor's Bethel, was a 
Trustee, and took an active part in the re- 
building, successfully planning afresh the 
emergency staircase when the architect had 

Very dear to his heart was the Royal 
Cornwall Home for Destitute Little Girls, and 
he was its Vice-President for thirty-five 
years, diligently attending the Monthly Meet- 
ing of the Ladies' Committee, of which he was 


Chairman, and taking a warm interest in each 
of the children under his care. 

His attachment to the Society of Friends was 
strong and constant. He was Clerk to the 
Monthly Meeting for many years, and later 
filled the same office for the Devon and Corn- 
wall Quarterly Meeting for ten years, and 
represented his Quarterly Meeting in the 
deputation to King Edward the Seventh. 

One of the members of his Meeting writes : 
" A special feature of his character was humility. 
With all his competence in affairs he was con- 
stantly sensitive of what he thought were his 
many shortcomings, yet many of us recall 
how ably he conducted difficult matters of 
business in both Monthly and Quarterly 
Meetings, and led us tlirough difficult situations 
over and over again with great ability'. 

" His prayers at the commencement of 
our meetings were often very impressive, and 
touching in their humility and sense of com- 
plete dependence on the suffering and work 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

" He gave the impression of having a 
reserve of power, and whatever work he under- 
took, religious or secular, with scientific or 
town authorities, he always did it as com- 


pletely as he could. He continued to grow in 
mind and outlook to the end of his life, probably 
because of his humble spirit, and his readiness 
to learn from many quarters. His work in the 
Church was somewhat like that of a father of a 

His faith in the goodness and love of a 
never-failing God and Saviour bore its fruits in 
his daily life, in his strict integrity in all his 
business transactions and other outward con- 
cerns, and notably also in the stress of weakness 
and weariness through which he had to pass 
before the end came, accepting these without 
murmuring or questioning, and with entire 
dependence on God. He died on March 29th, 

The funeral took place on the 1st of April, 
1910, in the beautiful Friends' Burial Ground 
at Burdock. Besides the Friends present, 
a large company of townspeople had come 
to show their sympathy, including the Mayor, 
Councillors, and Justices, and the Rector and 
Ministers of Falmouth. Nine of our late 
friend's children stood by the grave, Marshall 
N. Fox, who is in Syria, alone being absent, 
and one daughter, who predeceased him, being 
represented by her husband. The one hundred 


and twenty-first Psalm was read by R. Kingston 
Fox, and three of tlie sons, Artliur E. Fox 
(Banbury), S. A. Fox (Gloucester), and Geo. A. 
Fox (Coventry), bore witness in simple words 
to their father's unfailing faith and to their 
indebtedness to tlie influence of both father 
and mother. 

The children from the Royal Cornwall 
Orphan Home were drawn up by the grave-side, 
and the hymn, " Sleep on, beloved." was sung 
by their little voices. 

The character of Nathaniel Fox was in 
many ways typical of tbe results of Friends' 
training. He was reserved, self-contained, 
never putting himself forward, humble in his 
estimate of himself, yet very firm in his con- 
victions, and tenacious of what he thought 
right. Under his retiring manner there was a 
strong will and a kind heart as well as a keen 
sense of humour, and a love of all that was 
beautiful in nature or in art. Such men, when 
they become known, have to bear weight in the 
community, and are relied on by weaker and 
more impulsive natures. 

" Not his the golden pen or lips persuasive. 

But a fine sense of right ; 
And truth's directness, meeting each occasion 

Straight as a line of light. 


His faith and works, like streams that inter- 

In the same channel ran, 
The crystal clearness of an eye kept single 

Shamed all the frauds of man. 
The very gentlest of all human natures 

He joined to courage strong, 
A love out-reaching unto all God's creatures, 

With sturdy hate of wrong." 

James Dix France, 72 8 8mo. 1910 

Woodhouse. An Elder. 
Hannah Frankish, 67 15 5mo. 1910 

Edith Emma Fry, 52 2 8mo. 1909 

Kingston. Wife of Samuel H. Fry. 

Ann Eliza Fryer, 81 4 2mo. 1910 

Clifton, Bristol. Widow of Alfred Fryer. 

Ann Eliza Fryer was the yovingest daughter 
of William and Sarah Ord, and was born at 
Darlington in the year 1828. Her mother was 
a Minister in our Society. Ann Eliza Fryer 
was educated at York when the Girls' School 
was in Castlegate. She married Alfred Fryer 
in 1853, at the Friends' Meeting House, Preston, 
and tliey resided first at Manchester and then at 

On the death of her husband she removed 
to Clifton, where she lived until she passed 


away on the 4th of Februarj^ in her eighty- 
second year. Her busy fingers made numberless 
garments for the poor, and many of her humbler 
neighbours, and the still poorer peasants in 
Connemara, Mall sadly miss the generous parcels 
of clothing she sent to them at Christmastide. 
For several years she filled the post of honorary 
Lady Superintendent of the Voluntary Lock 
Hospital for Women in Bristol, and until the 
time of her death she continued to take a keen 
interest in this most excellent charity for 
unfortunate girls. 

Robert Fryer, 67 7 9mo. 1909 

Horsforth, near Leeds. 

Eliza E. Garnett, 74 5 lOmo. 1909 


Eliza Emma Garnett {nee Thompson), born 
in Manchester in 1836, was not a birthright 
member of our Society, and did not join Friends 
until she had reached middle life ; but she was 
educated first at Penketh, afterwards going to 
school at Selby, and then to Polam, in Miss 
Proctor's time, where she was a school-fellow, 
as she was afterwards a life-long friend of 
members of the families of Hutchinson and 


Southall. She was, as has been said of her 
by one of her friends, a very remarkable person, 
a woman of strong individuality, whom it was 
at once a pleasure and a privilege to know. 

Thrown on her own resources in 1865, 
within a few years of her marriage, she trained 
as a nurse, gaining great skill in her profession, 
in which she acquired a first-class practice. 
In 1878, she became matron to the Sick House at 
Winchester College where, during her thirteen 
years' residence, she commanded the love and 
esteem of the many boys who at various times 
were entrusted to her care, and where she 
remained until 1891, when failing health 
compelled her to resign her situation. After 
her death, which occurred nineteen years after 
she had left Winchester, the " Old Boys " 
placed a headstone at her grave, and provided 
a book-case in the College Sick House, as a 
memorial of the affection and esteem with 
which she had been universally regarded. 

After an interval for rest, during which, 
while residing at Soutliport, she was received 
into membership as a Friend by the Monthly 
Meeting of Hardshaw West, she accepted 
another post as matron of the Protestant 
Servants' Home at Dublin, where she stayed 


four years, being then obliged to give up her 
work on account of increasing deafness. She 
then retired to an almsliouse at Allonby. and 
afterwards to a similar institution at Mansfield, 
where her closing years were spent, and where 
she died in October, 1909. In spite of domestic 
trouble, in spite of her deafness and of the 
almost total blindness which afflicted her for 
the last three years, she maintained, through- 
out her life, a bright and active spirit. Herself 
an ideal daughter, she proved herself an ideal 
mother, and it has been said of her that she 
made good friends and kept them. 

" When we entered her room some six 
years ago," wrote Canon Prior, in the Mansfield 
Parish Church Magazine, " and were faced with 
tlie portraits of groups of schoolboys, and with 
photographs of venerable buildings that would 
have graced the study of any Divine or Judge, 
we realised at once that here lived no ordinary 
being. For many years Mrs. Garnet t occupied 
the important post of Matron at Winchester 
School, under our late Bishop, Dr. Ridding ; 
and whilst there was brought in contact with • 
many a budding churchman and statesman. 
Her increasing deafness made conversation 
difficult ; but what tales she could tell of her 


boys, now venerable Bishops, and of others 
who, in their schoohdaj^s, brought to her their 
woes and trovibles ! Sh.e was possessed of a 
rich fund of humour, and sparlding wit Avould 
often escape her Hps. And yet, withal, one 
stood spell-bound by the simplicity and reality 
of her faith in Christ. A beautiful wreath laid 
upon her grave seemed to speak volumes of 
the respect in which she was held by Winchester 

Sarah R. Geldard, 81 7 5nio. 1910 

St. Dizier, France. 
Henry B. Gibbins. 80 6 3mo. 1910 

John Gilmore, 75 14 12mo. 1909 

Middleton St. George. Darlington. 
Mary E. Gilmore. 65 5 Imo. 1910 

Belfast. Widow of William J. Gilmore. 

An Elder. 
Mary Glyde, 70 12 Imo. 1910 

Ipsivich. Widow of John Glyde. 
James W. S. Gowland, 50 16 lOmo. 1909 

Seaforth, of Liverpool Meeting. 
Jane Graham, 69 20 6mo. 1910 

Sedbergh. \'\'idow of John Graham. 


Abraham Green, 81 3 5mo. 1909 

City of Victoria, B. C. 
Frances Green, 77 10 6mo. 1910 

Liirgan. Widow of James Green. An Elder. 
Eliza Gregory, 87 28 6mo. 1910 

Yatton. Widow of William Gregory. 
Walter E. Griffin, 32 1 5mo. 1910 

Selly Oak. 
Joseph Grimes, 62 21 llmo. 1909 

Great Linfo7'd, Bucks, 

Joseph Gripper, 80 5 4mo. 1910 

Springfield Boswells, Essex. An Elder. 

Joseph Gripper was the seventh son of 
Edward and Mary Gripper, of Layer Breton 
Hall, Essex, where he was born in 1830. 

He was educated at Colchester and York, 
and after serving his apprenticeship with Henry 
Burlingham, of Evesham, began business as an 
ironmonger and iron merchant at Colchester, 
removing later to Chelmsford, although he 
never lost his intense affection for his old home 
and its farm and country surroundings ; and 
in his younger days he was an ardent naturalist 
and botanist. He married, in 1854, Anna, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary Burlingham, ot 
Worcester, who survives him. 


It is one of the great charms of the Old 
Testament, that it contains such a gallery of 
portraits of men and women of extremely 
varied personalities and positions ; learned and 
unlearned, rich and poor, kings and priests 
and peasants, so different in many respects but 
united in this, that they were all devoted to 
Jehovah, and all drew their strength from Him. 
Thus, following generations of men could say 
'■ these all walked in faith" ; their faith made 
them useful in their day and generation, as it 
may make us in our own. In the same way, the 
great cloud of witnesses is rich beyond measure 
in this, that it contains, not only the eloquent 
preaclier, the devout scholar, the faithful 
martyr — but a great array of those who served 
the Lord Christ in the common things of every- 
day life. Of such was Josepli Gripper. In him 
we saw an example of a man c-f lousiness, who, 
keeping himself unspotted from the world, 
was an inspiration to those who were struggling 
amid the difficulties and temptations of com- 
merce. A'ictory achieved by one such man 
is an earnest of victory for others, for the same 
Lord is over all, " Mighty to save." 

Joseph dripper's department of Christian 
service was largely that of a helper and 


adviser in business matters. His business 
experience of nearly sixty years was ever at the 
disposal of those who were burdened with cares, 
and he spared neither time nor trouble in giving 
them assistance. He was very deeply attached 
to our Society : to be " one of us " was a sure 
passport to his sympathy. And very numerous 
were the testimonies received after his death, 
especially from young men with whom he 
had corresponded, either in his capacity a 
Overseer of his Monthly Meeting, or in public 
and political affairs, when his kindly words of 
advice or admonition, often greatly helped by a 
vivid sense of humour, served rather to 
strengthen than to loosen the bond between 
them. The Minute of his Monthly Meeting 
says, " He gave his time and attention ungrudg- 
ingly to all matters connected with the Society, 
and it was a pleasure and an inspiration to work 
with one, who, wliatever he took in hand, did it 
thoroughly and whole-heartedly." 

He was often called upon to act as trustee 
and executor, and his stewardship therein was 
based on that higher allegiance to his Lord, 
which might not always be on his lips but was 
■ever in his heart. 

The life of an absolutely truthful, honest 




man is never lived in vain ; such men are the 
very salt of the earth, ideal citizens, whose lives 
are only possible through the grace of God. 

Mary Ann Gundry, 69 12 Imo. 1905 

American Friends^ Mission, Tokio, Japan. 

Helen S. Gunn, 35 19 3mo. 1910 

Kendal. Daughter of George and Ann Gunn. 

Daniel Hack, 76 4 8mo. 1910 


By the sudden death of Daniel Hack, on 
the 4th of August of this year, the Society of 
Friends lias lost a consistent and unselfish 
member. A fellow-townsman, referring to the 
loss also sustained by his own town and neigh- 
bourhood, describes him as " a man upright in 
word and action, surpassingly generous of 
heart, and remembered also as one who had 
passed the sternest tests of manhood." He 
came of a stock which, both in principle and in 
practice, had proved itself unflinchingly true 
to Quaker ideals. Of such ancestors the subject 
of this memoir proved himself no unworthy 

Born in Brighton, 5th of January, 1834, 
Daniel Hack was the second son of Daniel 


Pryor and Elizabeth Hack. Both he and his 
brother spent their schooldays under Isaac 
Brown at Hitchin and Dorking, and later under 
Bedford Gilkes, in their native to^^Ti. 

Daniel Hack was then apprenticed to 
William Sparkes of Worcester, being made, 
as was the pleasant patriarchal custom of the 
time, a member of his employer's household. 
He here gave strong evidence of that love of 
learning which characterised him all his life ; 
and although his business duties occvipied him 
early and late, he yet found time, during his 
scanty leisure, to study languages, literature 
and social problems. 

The knowledge and love of art which he 
acquired in the Worcester " School of Design" 
were not only of great interest and value to him 
in the foreign travels of his later years, but were 
probably a chief factor in prompting those wise 
and generous schemes by which he strove to 
bring within the reach of the young people of 
Brighton the means of gaining similar know- 
ledge. It has been well said of him that none 
knew better than he that there is no royal road 
to learning, and that none put forth a more 
willing hand to help others to follow the path 
up which he himself had toiled. 



After leaving Worcester, he spent a year 
in acquiring further business experience in 
London, and on returning home he was thrown 
for a short time into association with his future 
wife, between whom and himself a mutual 
attraction at once sprang up. And here we 
must try and give, however imperfectly, some 
idea of the beautiful character of the one who 
brought so much blessing into his life. 

Martha Gibbins was the eldest child of 
Thomas and Emma J. Gibbins, of Birmingham. 
She was at school at Lewes from 1852 till 
1854, and she then entered upon a strenuous 
life as an elder daughter and sister. She was 
the right hand of her mother, and assisted in 
teaching and training the young ones of the 
family, while she was companion to the elder 
brothers. Besides a daughter's varied service 
in the home, her time was occupied with self- 
culture and social duties in a large family 
circle. She also undertook a Bible Class of 
young girls of the working class on the early 
morning of First-day. 

A schoolfellow greatly beloved by her, 
writes : 

" My recollections of Martha Gibbins as a 
schoolgirl, when we were together at Lewes 


in the years 1853-4, are those of a happy, higli- 
mmded girl, eager to learn, steadfast in friend- 
ship, and beloved by all her schoolfellows. 
She and I, having similar tastes, used to read 
a good deal together, and one very ambitious 
piece of work we undertook was to translate into 
English Schiller's ' Song of the Bell,' in jingling 
enough rhymes, I am sure. This does not 
betoken any particular talent on the part of the 
youthful translators ; it rather shows with how 
much enthusiasm our excellent teacher, Herr 
Lowenthal, inspired us. The Friends' School 
at Lewes was in the hands of three very capable 
and delightful women, Miriam, Mary, and 
Josephine Dymond ; and few, if any, of their 
pupils can have left that school without having 
felt tlieir gentle yet powerful influence, their 
loving and beautiful sympathy. They (the 
pupils) most surely brought away with them 
a recollection of many happy days spent in that 
beautiful country among the Sussex Downs, 
and of walks and glad converse with their girl 

"Later, after we liad both left school, I 
paid a little visit to Martha's home at Edg- 
baston, when pleasant intercourse in their 
familv circle and excursions to Kenilworth and 


other places of interest, deepened the affection 
of schooldays. 

" In later years there were few oppor- 
tunities of meeting, but I often heard of her 
activities, and of the useful place she filled, 
sharing her husband's educational and pliilan- 
thropic work in Brighton." 

It was on a visit to Brighton two years 
after leaving Lewes that Martha Gibbins 
became acquainted with Daniel Hack, as 
already mentioned. It may have been their 
love of German which was the little link with 
which their intercourse commenced. Daniel 
Hack was an enthusiast over the study of the 
German language and literature, and always 
commended Herr Lowenthal's methods of 
teaching. But Daniel Hack and Martha 
Gibbins were drawn together by deeper and 
more lasting cords, unseen by those around. 

After this episode, Daniel Hack and his 
eldest sister paid a visit to their cousins, 
Charles and Gulielma Tylor, then residing 
at Veytaux, on the lake of Geneva : a 
memorable visit which gave also an oppor- 
tunity for a delightful expedition to the 
Bernese Oberland. 

After his return home, an unexpected 


opening occurred which enabled him to settle 
in his native town, by joining the late Marriage 
Wallis as partner in a grocery and provision 
business, originally established by Isaac 
Bass. He threw himself into this new sphere 
with great energy, making himself thoroughly 
acquainted with all departments of a business 
which was new to him. Both partners aimed 
at a high standard of commercial morality, 
and at the promotion of the things which make 
for truth and righteousness in the earth ; and as 
time went on their imity of purpose and action 
gave them large influence among their fellow 

When established in business, Daniel Hack 
sought the hand of her whom he had learned 
to love. Little did they foresee what was 
before them during thirty-nine years of married 
life. But faith in the wisdom and love of God 
was the foundation of their union, and subse- 
cjuent events proved that the trials and dis- 
appointments which came to them were over- 
ruled to the building up of their Christian 

In 1861 Daniel Hack and Martha Gibbins 
were married, and in her he found, as we have 
already indicated, a true partner in all his best 


interests and in his practical work for the good 
of the community. 

As a girl Martha Gibbins seemed to have 
unusual physical strength, but shortly before 
her marriage she unwittingly taxed it so severely 
that it was greatly impaired during all the 
earlier years of her married life. But nothing 
impaired the activity of her mind or dimmed its 
brightness. This was shown in the way she 
fulfilled her domestic and social duties, and 
in her consideration of and participation in 
her husband's interests. 

In their daily life there was a beautiful 
comradeship and community of purpose, so 
that the home with its flowery garden seemed 
ever the expression of their united mind and 
taste ; and it need hardly be said that it was not 
used for their own pleasure alone. They both 
loved children; and relatives, younger and 
older, came to share its unique rest and peace, 
and weary ones went forth from it braced up 
anew for the battle of life. 

There was a peculiar charm about the dear 
mistress of the home, and she always diffused 
a powerful influence on those around, not least 
upon her servants, who gave to her, with few 
exceptions, a joyful service seldom surpassed. 


One who lived at Fir Croft for more than twenty 
years thus writes : 

" I feel that heaven is richer, but we are 
poorer through the loss of those two loved ones, 
the dear master and mistress of Fir Croft. 
/, at least, have lost two of my best earthly 
friends. . . . The home life was beautiful, 
the love between the dear master and mistress 
so great, and the influence was felt though but 
few words were spoken. There was what was 
far better, the quiet, consistent Christian 
living, a noble example to us servants." 

Another, who came as an vmtutored girl, 
ready to be led in any direction, was so capti- 
vated by the noble character of her mistress, 
that she tried during thirteen years to follow 
as closely as she could in her footsteps, and it 
was this training which prepared her for a 
position of great usefulness in the Home Mission 

Early on in their married life, Daniel and 
Martha Hack joined in founding and support- 
ing a ragged school, which was only discontinued 
on the establishment of the Brighton School 
Board in 1871. The arrangements were very 
simple, and it might have been called a dame's 
school, the mistress being of that character. 


The infant teacher was a young girl who 
developed a wonderful gift for managing the 
little ones — a gift afterwards cultivated to the 
making of a good teacher. The school filled 
a useful place at that particular time. 

In, the winter of 1870, during the war 
between France and Germany, a number of 
Friends were sent out to administer the funds 
which had been collected for the relief of the 
non-combatant peasantry of Alsace and 
Lorraine. Daniel Hack was one of the number 
for some weeks ; and in the series of letters to 
the Sussex Daily News, written at intervals 
snatched from his arduous toil, he drew moving 
pictures of the scenes of horror amid which he 
and his companions were laboiu-ing ; pictures 
or burning villages and devastated fields ; of 
homeless and starving women and children, — 
innocent victims of the pride, cruelty and 
ambition of man ; pictures of famine and 
pestilence, of destitution and misery and 
despair. It is not easy for the present gener- 
ation to realise the awful state of things in the 
districts where the relief-work was carried on. 
But to those who knew something of the con- 
ditions under which the work was done, and the 
pestilential air which the workers were breathing. 


there was no ground for wonder that, after a 
few weeks, Daniel Hack was struck down by 
maHgnant small-pox. In answer to the tele- 
gram announcing his illness, his wife and eldest 
sister immediately went out to nurse him, 
while " all Brighton" is said " to have waited 
anxiously for news." His progress towards 
recovery was slow, and it was many weeks before 
he was strong enough to bear the journey back 
to England. 

The following sketch, contribvited by 
request by one of Daniel Hack's colleagues 
during that memorable time, will be read with 
interest, because of its additional details and 
of its authorship : 

" Among the many labours and engage- 
ments into which our dear friend entered in 
the service of others, there was none, perhaps, 
of more interest or involving greater sacrifice 
than the part he took in the work of the Friends' 
War Victims' Fund, organised for the relief of 
the non-combatant sufferers in the Franco- 
German War of 1870. 

" Daniel Hack offered his services to the 
Committee very early on in the course of the 
work ; he left for Metz on the 19th of Eleventh 
month, 1870, to take the place of William 


Jones, who, with Thomas Whitwell, and Robert 
Spence Watson, had been the pioneers in the 

" Daniel Hack's great powers of organi- 
sation and admirable methods proved of the very 
greatest service, in putting upon a thoroughly 
sound system the relief which was being given 
in so many of the scattered villages round Metz; 
a number which was being constantly increased 
as the investigations and visits of our friends 
were extended. 

" Those who have access to the most inter- 
esting reports issued from time to time by the 
Committee will see how greatly these services 
were valued. 

" But a time of deeper anxiety was in store 
for the workers at Metz. Very shortly after 
Daniel Hack's arrival, small-pox, which was 
terribly rife in the suffering districts, claimed 
its victims among them. Henry John 
Allen was the first to develop the disease, and 
his sister, who went out at once to mu-se 
him, was also attacked ; and to the great loss 
of the work, Daniel Hack was laid low, and it was 
duty and privilege of the writer of these lines 
to make the somewhat difficult journey to 
Luxembourg to meet Daniel Hack's dear wife 


and sister, who at once came out to nurse him. 
From Metz to Thionville it was possible to go by 
rail, and thence to Luxembourg, twenty-two 
miles by road. In Thionville, one of the 
strongly fortified places bombarded by the 
Germans, it was difficult to get shelter for the 
night for our friends. The inn was wrecked by 
the bombardment, and on asking for a fire 
in the windowless room on a bitter cold night, 
we were told it was impossible, as a live shell 
was believed to be in the chimney. 

" Happily our friend was favoured to 
recover, and was spared for the valued public 
services he was able to render to his native 
town in later life. But the little party at Metz 
had to mourn the loss of Ellen Allen, and to 
stand arovand her grave in the cemetery at 
Metz far from home and friends." 

On the very day that the news of Daniel 
Hack's illness was made known in Brighton, 
he was elected a member of its first School 
Board. After his retvirn home, he took up, 
with characteristic ardour, the work of his new 
position, before he had really recovered from 
his illness ; and consequently there was soon 
a serious break-down in his health. A long 
rest having been declared absolutely necessary 


for him, his wife and he spent a year on the 
Continent, and it was not until 1881 that he 
once more joined the School Board. From that 
year he continued to serve upon it until the 
Board was superseded by the " Education 
Committee," of which latter he then became 
a member, continuing to work with it until last 
year, when failing health compelled him to 

On that occasion the members of the 
Committee passed the following resolution : 

" Resolved — that the Committee has re- 
ceived with much regret a communication from 
^Ir. Daniel Hack expressing a wisli to resign his 
membership in consequence of failing health. 

" The Committee feel that under the 
circumstances they have no option and must 
accept the resignation. They do so, however, 
with great reluctance, and desire to place on 
record their high appreciation of the long and 
exceptional services which IN'Ir. Daniel Hack has 
rendered to the cause of Public Education in 
the Town, both by personal effort and by 
munificent gifts, during the many years which 
have passed since he became a member of the 
first School Board of Brighton in December, 



" They refer especially to his keen interest 
in advanced and technical education, and to the 
leading part which he took in the establish- 
ment of the Higher Grade School and Technical 
School in York Place ; Institutions which 
have now been superseded by the Muncipal 
Secondary Schools for boys and girls, and 
the Technical College. 

" Tlie Committee express the hope that 
Mr. Hack in his retirement will derive much 
pleasure in realising that by means of his work 
many boys and girls of his native town of 
Brighton have attained to positions of useful- 
ness and honour which otherwise would have 
proved beyond their reach, and that education 
generally has been raised and improved in 
many ways." 

His interest in the children, the younger 
as well as the older, made his almost daily visits 
to the schools a delight to him, and the teachers 
welcomed him warmly. One of them, head 
teacher in a large infant school, has written 
since his death : "I have known him for thirty- 
six years, and am one of the very many who owe 
him a great debt of gratitude. Many oppor- 
tunities were given me in connection with my 
teaching to see right into his great, tender 


heart ; and to see him thus moved, perhaps by 
his feeUngs for Uttle children, or by suffering, 
was to love and revere him. I have 
simply wondered at him sometimes ! " 

Testimonies of this description might be 
inultiplied, but we only add an extract from a 
letter from a friend who sometimes visited 
at Fir Croft, and was of course taken to York 
Place Schools. " I should like to express our 
sense of the value of Daniel Hack's life and 
labours. His life preaches more effectively 
than any words, and it seems to me to breathe 
the spirit of Jesus Christ. Jesus took a little 
child, and sat him in the midst and said, ' Wlio- 
so receiveth this little child in my name 
receiveth me.' Daniel Hack received a great 
many little children in Jesus' name. Nor did 
he forget their teachers. He took us rovmd 
the York Place Girls' School, and the way in 
which he took care to greet every teacher by 
name and show sympathy in her work has been 
an example to me. Indeed, we find the fruits 
of the Spirit manifested in his life. I do not 
think one out of the catalogue given by Paul 
was absent." 

Daniel Hack was a member of the Brighton 
Town Council from 1881 to 1885 ; and later he 


was made a Justice of the Peace for the county 
of Sussex. He was also a Brighton Borough 
Magistrate. But his interests were not so much 
with ordinary municipal affairs. " Education," 
lie said on one occasion, " is my child." And 
yet, ardent educationalist as he was, he did much 
in other ways to benefit humanity. As a total 
abstainer, he embraced every fitting oppor- 
tunity for supporting the cause of Temperance. 
As a strong Liberal, he rendered valuable aid 
to the party of Progress and Reform. " His 
keen oversight of detail, his thorough knowledge 
of political opinion and of the trend of political 
feeling, his shrewd advice in times of difficulty, 
his quiet and impartial conduct in presiding over 
large political gatherings, made him a power 
in the ranks of Liberalism." 

Daniel Hack's were no careless or uncon- 
sidered acts of benevolence ; his methods were 
wise and discriminating. But it was only 
necessary to bring to his notice any 
deserving case, and substantial and con- 
tinuous assistance was given. Some at least 
of his greater benefactions are well known. 
But until "the Books are opened" the full 
naeasure of his acts of generosity will never be 


Daniel and Martha Hack were attached 
members of the Society of Friends. They both 
filled the office of Elder, and though only 
very seldom taking any vocal part in meetings 
for worship, their judgment was valued in the 
business meetings, and Daniel Hack was for some 
years Clerk to the Monthly Meeting. 

Daniel and Martha Hack generally availed 
themselves of the summer recess in School Board 
and other work to spend some months on the 
continent of Europe, and twice extended their 
joLirney into North Africa. Daniel Hack care- 
fully inquired into the progress of education in 
different coimtries, also into economic and 
fiscal questions ; and the letters home, besides 
conveying graphic word-pictures of people and 
places visited, contained much instructive 
information. Martha Hack was especially 
skilled in flower-painting, and brought back 
delightful sketches of places and flowers. 

These breaks were needful for husband and 
wife to get out of reach of the constant toil. 
For as time went on, the educational work 
grew in breadth and intenseness, and to one 
who sought completeness in all he set his hand 
to it was not always easy to influence others in 
authority, who might not see with him, so that 


each new school might be up-to-date in building 
arrangements and equipment. 

Amid sunshine and storm, joy and sorrow, 
these lives went on, till in the autumn of 1900 
a great shadow fell upon Daniel Hack when 
his beloved and gifted wife was taken from 
him without warning by a carriage accident. 
Himself seriously injured at the same time, 
he was laid aside for a while ; but he was 
enabled, through Divine help mercifully given, 
to realise complete resignation, being preserved 
from questioning God's will in permitting the 

Thus entering on the last decade of life's 
journey in a spirit of Christian submission, his 
life, though sorely stricken, was not gloomy. 
A cousin, who had often before paid helpful 
visits at Fir Croft, came to reside with him, and 
a little later his two surviving sisters also, so 
that he was lovingly cared for. 

He probably never recovered from the 
effects of the accident, yet for a few years he was 
able to resume some of the activities of earlier 
days. Then failing health obliged him to 
gradually give up all outside duties. He 
continued, however, to attend Meetings, both 
on Sundays and week-days, although latterlj^ 


he cduld not walk without assistaace. To the 
last he was in the habit of spending much 
time in his garden, and he usually drove out 
every day. It was while he was driving through 
the streets of Brighton, in company with his 
sisters and a friend, that, as the carriage stopped 
in Market Street, close to his old place of busi- 
ness, he drew a deep breath and passed pain- 
lessly and peacefully away. 

After the funeral a cousin wrote, " 'Sursum 
corda ! ' was the keynote of his life — mentally 
as well as morally. 

"Standing in the little corner of the Downs, 
where he rests, I could not help thinking of the 
lines with which Browning ends his poem on 
the funeral of a scholar of the sixteenth century, 

' Lofty designs must close in like effects ; 
Loftily lying 
Leave him — still loftier than the world suspects, 
Living and dying.' " 

Ellen Haddock, 59 7 4mo. 1910 

Battley Carr, near Dewshury. 

Thomas Hall, 69 27 6mo. 1910 

Middlesbrough . 
James Handley, 73 2 llmo. 1909 

RhoS'On-sea, Cohcyn Bay. 


William Harding, 70 19 4mo. 1910 

At Brighton, of Darlington. An Elder. 
Esther Hardwicke, 87 17 Imo. 1910 

Brixton Hill. Widow of James Hardwicke. 
Elizabeth Hargrave, 89 16 lOmo. 1909 

Colchester. Wife of Joshua Hargrave. 
John Hargraves, 78 17 6mo. 1910 

John Harker, 62 25 4mo. 1910 

Mary Harper, 73 26 8mo. J 910 

Sedbergh. Widow of Samuel Harper. 
Jane Harris, 68 11 5mo 1909 

Sibford. Widow of A^'illiam Harris. 
Robert Hart, 75 13 2mo. 1910 

West Houghton. 
Wm. Forrest Hartley, 12 20 8mo. 1910 

Carnforth. Son of William H. and Clara E. 


Anne Haughton, 81 23 lOmo. 1909 

Sweet/arm, Enniscorthy. Wife of Jonathan 

Jonathan Haughton, 79 18 llmo. 1909 

Sweetjarm, Enniscorthy. 

These two Friends, whose long and honoured 
lives were almost wholly passed in the County 



Wexford, were born in consecutive years, and 
died within a month of each other, having 
each attained the ripe age of eighty years. 

Jonathan Haughton, who was born at 
Ferns, at Christmas time in 1829, was the eldest 
son of Joseph and Abigail Haughton, the only 
Friends then living in the town, and was grand- 
son of the Joseph Haughton whose very remark- 
able experiences in the Irish Rebellion of 1798 
Avere described last year in the Friends'' Witness. 
It was early seen that his disposition was one 
of love and charity, the charity that thinketh 
no evil, and that made it impossible for him 
ever to bear a grudge against anyone. After 
his death, one of his old Mountmellick school- 
fellows — for there were boys there, then, as 
well as girls — wrote that, after the lapse of 
seventy years, he had still a clear recollection 
of Jonathan Haughton as one of the gentlest 
and most genial boys in the school ; and that, 
more particularly, he had a vivid remembrance 
of one touching incident of those far-off days, 
an incident connected with an accusation 
brought against one of his companions, which 
forcibly indicated the innate chivalry of his 

After leaving school, he was at first appren- 


ticed to the grocery business, with Adam 
Calvert of Dublin, with whom he stayed seven 
years, then returning to Ferns. But when, at 
the age of twenty-three, he married Anne 
Waring, of Ballinclay, he settled as a farmer at 
Rockspring, about three miles from Ferns, 
in the same county, where he spent half a 
century of active and useful life. On the 
marriage of their third son, Joseph and Anne 
Haughton retired to Sweetfarm, Enniscorthy ; 
and there, in the company of children and grand- 
children, were passed the remaining nine peace- 
ful and happy years. It was at Sweetfarm, on 
their Golden Wedding day, that the photograph 
which accompanies this Memoir was taken by 
their youngest son, Herbert Jonathan Haughton, 
now in America. 

As so often happens with the busiest 
men, Jonathan Haughton not only found time 
for his own affairs, but took an active part iii 
public life ; acting for thirty years as Poor Law 
Guardian, for example, and driving ten miles 
almost every week to attend the Board meetings. 
About the year 1882 he was made a Land 
Commissioner, an appointment which took him 
much from home. He used to say that until 
he held this office he did not know what real 


poverty was. His strenuous efforts to obtain 
a fair adjustment of rents and to ameliorate 
the lot of hard-pressed tenants, caused his name 
to be widely known and revered throughout the 
south and west of Ireland. As a magistrate, 
his fellow-occupants of the Bench held him in 
high esteem. " His duties," to quote the words 
of the Chairman of the Petty Sessions, " were 
always performed with a strict sense of justice. 
He was a man who acted uprightly, who loved 
mercy, and who walked purely." 

His good sense and clear judgment were 
much appreciated by his neighbours, and he 
was frequently called upon to act as arbitrator 
in family and other disputes. Moreover, he 
was always ready to give a helping hand to 
those in trouble, sometimes by the loan of a 
few pounds to tide over a difficulty, sometimes 
by sending his men to help on the land. One 
now well-to-do farmer was lately heard to testify 
that, had it not been for Jonathan Haughton's 
aid, at a critical moment, his family would have 
been turned out of house and home. It was 
doubtless in allusion to deeds like these that a 
local Catholic newspaper said of him : " He was 
kind and generous to a fault. And for these 
noble qualities of head and heart he had the 


prayers and good wishes of rich and poor, 
gentle and simple," 

He was a regular attender both of his own 
particular Meeting and of the Yearly Meeting 
in Dublin, where he was a well-known figure 
for nearly sixty years ; and he was always 
keenly interested in the work of the Society. 
For many years he occupied the position of 
Elder ; and towards the close of his life he 
frequently read aloud in Meeting a chapter from 
the Bible, sometimes adding a few words of 
comment of his own. But it was not so much 
in speaking as in acting ; not so much by what 
he said in Meeting, as by the kindly deeds of his 
daily life that he showed his Christianity, He, 
like his wife, had a great power of drawing 
together and uniting those amongst whom he 
lived, and of creating around him an atmosphere 
of friendship and good will. 

Never a very strong man, and subject 
throughout his life to attacks of illness, he 
himself had not expected to outlive his wife. 
But he bore the great and sudden blow of her 
death with true bravery and resignation, being 
much comforted by expressions of loving- 
sympathy from his many sorrowing friends. 
And in spite of his determination to attend the 


funeral at the family graveyard at Ballmclay, 
seventeen miles distant, one keen October day, 
his health even seemed to improve. Only three 
days before his death he remarked to his 
daughter : "I feel better. It may please God 
to leave me with you a little longer," But it 
was not to be. In little more than tliree weeks 
after his wife's departure, on a calm and sunny 
day, typical of that peace into which they had 
thus entered almost together, his body was 
laid in her grave. The end had been sudden. 
At seven o'clock one evening he was almost in 
his usual health. At ten minutes past eleven 
the same night, at exactly the same hour and 
minute as his beloved wife had breathed her 
last, a few weeks before, his spirit followed hers 
into the Unseen. 

Anne, the third daughter of Joseph and 
Anne Waring, was born at Ballinclay in the 
County Wexford, in 1828. Educated chiefly 
at home, living a free and happy life with her 
brothers and sisters in their country home, 
it was not until she was seventeen that she was 
sent to a private school at Croydon, in which 
the only other Irish girl was her cousin Sophia 
Lamb. Although a strikingly handsome girl, 



Anne Waring imagined herself to be the plainest 
of the family ; and it was a great surprise to 
her to be told, many years after the event hap- 
pened, that once, on the occasion of a visit to 
Dublin Yearly Meeting — a great event in those 
days of slow and difficult travelling — some 
Friend, having specially noticed her, had asked 
a bystander who that beautiful young girl was, 
with the dark eyes and hair. Anne Haughton, 
as she tlien was, quietly remarked that she 
wished she had heard of it at the time. It 
might, she said, have done something to help her 
to overcome her troublesome diffidence and 

In 1852, Anne Waring was married to 
Jonathan Haughton, of Ferns, the young couple 
making their home at Rockspring, where were 
born their twelve children ; eleven of whom 
— the youngest died in infancy — survive them. 

"It is difficult, if not impossible," \\Tites 
one of her relatives, " to convey a true im- 
i:)ression of Anne Haughton. Gifted as she 
w^as with a temperament of extraordinary 
brightness and elasticity, endowed with great 
courage in facing difficulties, and always ready 
to sympathise -s^dth those about her, it may 
be said that, at least to those who knew 


her well, there was no one else quite like 
her. Hers, as maj^ be believed, was no easy 
life. Her hands, indeed, were never idle. 
But it was a favourite saying of hers, one on 
which she acted to the letter, that it was better 
to wear out than to rust out. And even when 
surrounded by her own multitudinous tasks and 
duties, I knew her, on tliree separate occasions, 
take into her home very young children, whose 
mothers were too ill to properly care for them. 
The house at Rockspring was freely open 
all visitors ; and as time went on, many relatives 
were in the habit of coming there to spend their 
summer holidays. It may be added that, 
closely occupied as she was, she alwaj's found 
time for the weekly letter to the cliildren at 
school. Letter-writing was an art for which 
she had a special and particular gift. She 
enjoyed it almost to the very end of her life. 
And it was well said of her that ' she always 
put the things one wanted to hear.' " 

Nor were Anne Haughton's care and 
thought by any means devoted to her own 
relatives, or to members of her own household 
alone. She was ever ready to spend and to be 
spent for others. She was a constant helper of 
the poor and the sick, and a specially welcomed 


visitor in tlie house of mourning, where her 
brave spirit and her own fervent trust in God's 
over-ruling love and wisdom were an unfailing 
source of comfort and uplifting to those in sorrow. 
It was a constant wonder to those who knew her 
how she accomplished all that she did. And yet, 
with all her labours, she never gave one the 
impression of being hard- worked or of being 
over-taxed in any way. Indeed, one of her 
chief attractions lay in the freshness and breezi- 
ness of her manner and conversation. 

She was ah excellent mimic, although she 
never used her power unkindly, and her powers 
of picturesque description will long be remem- 
bered. The family gathered round her after 
her return from Yearly Meeting, for instance, 
used to say, after hearing her talk of what she 
had seen and heard, faithfully reproducing as 
she did so the voices and attitudes and gestures 
of the various speakers, that to listen to her 
description was almost as good as having been 
to the Meeting. She had a great love of innocent 
fun, and down to the last few years she could 
enter thoroughly into the spirit of a game or a 
frolic with the young people whom she so loved 
to have about her. Indeed, it might be said of 
her that she never grew old. 


Her influence, as may well be imagined, 
was felt, not by her own people only, but even 
by those whose lives touched hers but sUghtly 
or only for a time, as was freely acknowledged 
after her decease. 

" The moment she came into the room,'' 
wrote one of her acquaintances, alluding to their 
first time of meeting, " I felt my heart flow out 
to hers in love ; and the very thought of her 
bright, earnest face does me good." 

Although Anne Haughton's health had been 
failing a good deal during what proved to be 
the last year of her life, the end was sudden and 
unexpected. During the last week she had been 
better than for some months ; and on the very 
day of her death she wrote a letter to a niece 
at Mountmellick. In the evening she did not 
feel well, and the doctor was sent for. She 
soon became unconscious, and she passed away 
the same night. There were no farewells, and 
no " last words." Nor was there need of them. 
Her whole life was a sweet and gracious influence^ 
and to all her dear ones, to her children and her 
seventeen grandchildren, her memory remains 
as one of their most precious treasures. Her 
remains were laid to rest in the quiet grave- 
yard at Ballinclay, within a few yards of the 


place of laer birth, and beneath the same trees 
under wliich she had played in childhood. 

Lydia Haydock, 76 30 12mo. 1909 

Cobra Grange, Ireland 
Isabella Haygarth, 60 9 6mo. 1910 

Broadfield, Dent. 
William Helliwell, 81 9 8mo. 1910 

Hannah Henderson, 84 16 9mo, 1910 

Glenholme, Allendale. \^'ido\v of Matthew- 
Robert Henderson, 70 17 2mo. 1910 

Jacob Hewitt. 3 weeks 15 12m(). 1909 

Lurgan. Son of William J. and Sarah 

Charles Hilliman, 83 10 2mo. 1910 

Mary Douglas Hills, 61 14 12mo. 1909 

Castle Church, Stafford. AVife of Henry Hills. 
Edgar Hilton, 10 9 12mo. 1909 

Hackney, died at Darenth, Kent. Son of 

James A. and Alice H. Hilton, the latter 

Ann Hinde, 89 18 3mo. 19f>9 

Maryport. Widow of Robert Hinde. 


Richard E. Hine, 28 28 7mo. 1910 

Of Davenport, Stockport. Lost his life in the 

fire at the Kelvin Hotel, Belfast. 
Elizabeth Hobby, 63 1 7mo. 1910 

Woonion. Wife of James Hobby. 
Harold Wm. Ho D GKiN, 7mo. 6 4mo. 1910 

Diego Surez, Madagascar. Son of Harold Olaf 

and Lydia Hodgkin. 
Maurice E. Hodgkin, 3 18 11 mo. 1909 

Darlington. Son of J, Edward and Elspeth 

L. Hodgkin. 
Mary Hogg, 92 31 lOmo. 1909 

Blackrock, Dublin. Widow of William Hogg. 
Sarah Jane Hoowe, 82 7 5mo. 1910 

Ratligar, Dublin. Widow of Thomas Hoowe. 
James Houghton, 55 21 Imo. 1909 

Leigh, Lancashiy-e. 
Joseph Hoyland, 76 30 5mo. 1910 

DeborahM. Hutchinson, 76 21 llmo. 1909 

Margaret Hutchinson, 85 22 3mo. 1910 

William Jackson, 70 1 8mo. 1908 

Harriett Jeffries, 89 11 8mo. 1910 

Necdham Market. AVidow of James Jeffries. 


Hans Peter Jensen, 52 24 8mo. 1909 

Thomas Jesper, 70 2 8mo. 1910 

Whitkirk, near Leeds. 
Gertrude Johnson, 60 3 4mo. 1908 

MoRDECAi Johnson 80 2 12mo. 1909 

Inigo Pym Jones, 41 22 6mo. 1909 

Santiago, Tepic, Mexico. Member of Lewes 

and Chichester Monthly Meeting. 
Joseph Jones, 78 8 8mo. 1910 

Bradford, near Manchester. 
Hannah P. Kenway, 86 24 2mo. 1910 

Winscombe. Widow of Gawen Ball Kenway. 
Phgebe Ann King, 73 16 3mo. 1910 

At Weston-super-Mare, of Winscombe. Widow 

of Francis King. 
Sarah King, 79 11 7mo. 1910 

Sale, near Manchester. AVife of Joseph H. 

Langley Kitching, 74 9 Imo. 1910 

Bewdley. An Elder. 
Eliza Labrey, 74 9 lOmo. 1909 

Glengeary, Go. Dublin, of Brighousc. ^^'idow 

of John Labrev. 


Prudence Larner, 76 18 Imo. 1910 

Chipping Sodbury. Wife of James Larner. 
William J. Laurence, 61 19 8mo. 1910 

Hannah Leicester, 56 26 llmo. 1909 

Liverpool. Widow of Francis James Leicester. 
Mary H. Leicester, 72 3 4mo. 1910 

Halifax. Widow of Milner Leicester. 
Ann Leigh, 71 14 4mo. 1910 

Ivybridge, Plymouth. 
Mary Lennox, 65 22 9mo. 1910 

Tarraby, Carlisle. 
Philip B. H. Liddell, 30 30 7mo. 1910 

Abingdon. Son of Wm. Liddell. 
Fanny Locke, 08 31 12mo. 1909 

Southampton. Widow of Henry John Locke. 
Arthur Malcomson, 45 1 9mo. 1910 

Clonmel. Son of Thomas and Eliza Malcom- 
son, the former deceased. 
Edmltnd Malcomson, 68 15 6mo. 1910 

Belfast. Son of the late Joseph and Rachel 

Sarabella J. Malcomson, 68 16 llmo. 1909 

Belfast. Widow of James Malcomson. An 

Emily Malone, 78 7 2mo. 1910 

Monkstown, Dublin. 



Sarah March, 75 19 6ino. lOlU 

Hands worth, Birmingham. 
Margaret Marriage, 43 5 8mo. 1910 

Springfield Barnes, Chelmsford. Daugliter of 

Frederic and Margaret Marriage, the former 


76 6 2mo. 


77 20 

27 24 



Imo. 1910 

Ellen Marriott, 

Bristol. An Elder. 
William Matthews, 

Thomas Henry Maw, 

Bushey, Herts. 
Samuel R. Middleton, 

Leighton Buzzard. 
Gulielma Milner, 

Horfield, Bristol. 
J. P. T. Minshell, 

Fanny Moreton. 67 20 llmo. 1910 

Stirchley. Wife of Nebo Moreton. 
Julia Moore, 73 5 2mo. 1910 

Almshouses, Bournville. Widow of Ebenezer 

Hannah Moorhouse, 69 11 8mo. 1910 

Headingley, Leeds. Widow of James 


63 6 llmo. 1909. 

Wife of Robert A. Milner. 

57 19 llmo. 1909 


Michael V. Moriarty, 86 9 2ino. 1910 

Bow. A Minister. 
Mary Morris, 81 1 3mo. 1910 

Colwyn Bay. 
Ebenezer McNally, — 11 Omo. 1908 

Johanneshurgh, South Africa. 

Eliza Neild, 63 28 8mo. 1910 

Eccles. Wife of Edward Neild. 
Hannah Neild, 74 11 8rao. 1910 

Higher Wilier y, near Northwich. Daughter 

of the late Henry and Anne Neild. 
Arthur Newsom, 40 9 Imo. 1910 

Rushhrooke, Co. Cork. 
Eliza Newsom, 82 23 9mo. 1910 

AViLLiAM Newson, 80 7 5rao. 1910 

St. Leonards-on-Sea. 
Isaac Newton, 99 15 3mo. 1910 

Sarah Noakes, 89 31 Imo. 1910 

John H. Nodal, 78 13 llmo. 1909 

Heaton Moor, near Stockport. 
Herivlann Nordstrom, 76 14 2mo. 1910 



Thomas S. Norton, 78 1 lOmo. 1909 

With tlie decease of Thomas Sterry Norton 
London and Middlesex Quarterly Meeting has 
lost one of its oldest members, perhaps the 
oldest, reckoning not by length of life but by 
years of unbroken membership. He was the 
son of Thomas, jun,, and Hannah Norton, his 
father being the son of Thomas and Elizabeth 
Norton, and his mother the daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Sarah Sterry. He was born on the 
7th of April, 1831, at Bermondsey, where his 
family have long been known as wheelwrights 
and coachbuilders. His ancestors carried on 
a similar business at the village of Tredington 
in Worcestershire, and removed from thence to 
South London. 

A Friend now living in the North of England 
describes how Sterry Norton and he went 
together during a Yearly Meeting to visit an old 
woman, who, long before, had been nurse to both 
of them. They found that she had just passed 
away ; and having outlived her near friends, 
there were no mourners to follow her to the 
grave. Sterry Norton and his companion at 
once loyally claimed the privilege, and accom- 
panied the remains from the little home in 


Wliitechapel to their last resting-place in the 
cemetery, and, with eyes moistened with the 
recollections of their childhood, paid the last 
tribute of respect and love. 

Throughout his long life Sterry Norton, as 
lie was usually called, was a loyal member of the 
Society, jealous of departure from its traditions, 
and anxious that the Yearly Meeting in its 
Epistles should give the clearest presentation 
of what he felt to be the essentials of the Christian 
faitli as held by Friends. 

Early in life he was appointed to important 
trusteeships. In 1857, with Joseph Gurney 
Barclay and others, he became one of the 
trustees of the meeting-houses, burial-grounds, 
and other freehold property of his Quarterly 
Meeting. Fifty years later, on the decease of 
Richard Smith, he was left with William Beck 
as his sole colleague. Later still, before the 
conveyance to new trustees was effected, he 
was left in sole possession, but transferred the 
properties to himself and others newly appointed 
in the autumn of 1908. In another important 
trust, commenced in 1866, he was left co- 
suivivor with Bedford Marsh, and by these two 
survivors the properties were conveyed to 
themselves and others in the course of the 


current year. In 1865, he was appointed 
trustee of the freehold property at Devonshire 
House, with Stafford Alien, William Allen, 
Smith Harrison, Richard Dell, Charles Coleby 
Morland, Robert Home, Joseph Crosfield, 
Alfred Gilkes, William Beck, Henry Fowler, 
Arthur Lister, Richard Smith, Joseph Hingston 
Fox, and John. Sterry, Of these the two last 
mentioned are now the siu-vivors ; the Meeting 
for Sufferings has already given instructions 
for the transfer of the property to new trustees, 
Sterry Norton was keenly interested in the 
records of the Society, and in everything con- 
nected with its past history. He often made his 
way to the home of his ancestors at Tredington, 
in the neighbourhood of which few Friends are 
now to be found. He was frequently there at 
a time that gave himtheopporbunity of attend- 
ing Armscot General Meeting, which is held 
annually on the first Sunday in August. In the 
early days of Quakerism the district came largely 
under the influence of Friends. In 1673, George 
Fox had " a very large and precious meeting " 
in John Halford's barn at Armscot in the parish 
of Tredington, after which he was arrested, 
with Thomas Lower, and sent to Worcester 


Sterry Norton was tall, and, even of late 
years, erect in his bearing. With a good 
profile and of what might be called a distin- 
guished appearance, his was a face and figure 
that one did not easily forget. On one occasion, 
in Leicester Square, when asking for some 
information of a man whom he described as 
rather of the loafer type, he was amused and 
surprised when the information given was 
supplemented with the inquiry, " How are 
things going on in Bermondsey ? " Genial in 
manner and kindly in disposition, he showed in 
his intercourse with his fellows the com-tesy 
that marks the Christian gentleman. 

Sterry Norton attended meeting on the 
Sunday before he died. He appears to have 
taken a chill, and before the week was ended, 
he passed away in his seventy-ninth year. 

His wife, Mary Anna, daughter of Stephen 
and Maria Deane, died in 1899, and was buried 
in Paddington Cemetery. Thither the remains 
of her husband were carried, and placed in the 
family grave. Long Lane Burial Ground, in 
which are earlier graves of the Norton family, 
has been long since closed, and is now leased 
to the Bermondsey Borough Council as a 


Jane O'Brien, 75 20 2mo. 1910 

Bathrjar, Dublin. AVidoM^ of AVm. L. O'Brien. 
John O. Ostle, 82 3 3mo. 1910 

Beckfoot, Cumberland. 
Joseph E. Palmer, 54 19 5mo. 1910 

At Ring wood, of Dublin. 
Caroline Parker. 74 4 4mo. 1910 

Elizabeth Parrington, 79 16 8mo. 1910 

Sunderland. Wife of Wm. Parrington. 
Edward W. Pearson, 32 5 9mo. 1910 

Wilmslow. Son of Edward and Ellen Clare 


WiLHELMINA PECKO\Ti:R. 65 20 2nio. 1910 
Wilhelmina Peckover was the youngest of 
the six daughters of the late Algernon Peckover, 
of Sibald's Holme, Wisbech, three of whom 
predeceased lier, namely, Susannah Peckover, 
the eldest of the daughters ; Jane Peckover, 
who passed away last year ; and Katharine E. 
(Peckover), wife of Christopher Bowley, of 
Cirencester, who died in 1 870. The two surviv- 
ing sisters are Priscilla Hannah Peckover, 
of Wistaria House, Wisbech, and Algerina 






Peckover, of the family home, with whom our 
late friend had resided since her father's decease. 
A brother, Jonathan Peckover, died in 1882, 
and the surviving brother is Lord Peckover, 
of Wisbech. 

Wilhelmina Peckover was a generous 
helper of religious and philanthropic efforts. 
Since the death of her sister Susanna she had 
been President of the local branch of the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, of which she was a 
liberal supporter. Only the day before her 
death she had got everything in readiness in 
connection with her position as President of the 
Ladies' Branch, leaving everything in perfect 
order. She had just received an acknowledg- 
ment from London of a sum which the authori- 
ties had realised by the sale of some jewellery 
which had been bequeathed to her, and wnich 
she had sent to the Parent Society with the 
request that it might be used to purchase Bibles 
for the prisoners in Chinese and other gaols. 
The local Working Men's Institute, founded by 
her brother, also had in her a friend ever ready 
to help in time of need, and who anticipated its 
wants in a way that showed her deep interest 
in its welfare. Sibald's Holme has, indeed, 
long been the centre for many pleasant social 


gatherings of various classes of workers and 

During the last twelve years of her life, 
although suffering much, she took a deep interest 
in the " Question Corner " of the Railway 
Signal, a monthly journal of Evangelistic 
Temperance work on all railways, and her band 
of Bible Searchers (whose answers to the ques- 
tions were regularly sent to her, and by her 
copied out and sent up to the Editor) in con- 
nection with it numbered between ninety and 
one hundred members. Again and again have 
letters and messages come from Searchers, 
acknowledging the blessing and help that this 
study had been to them. " How Miss Peckover, 
in conjunction with her niece. Miss Alexandrina 
Peckover, gathered together a group now 
numbering over ninety members" — to quote 
from the "Question Corner" for last April — 
" liow assiduously she laboured in the in- 
terests of all, how happy were the yearly 
gatherings for prize gi\dng, all this is a 
blessed monument to the memory of the 
departed. We hope most sincerely that 
the work she has dropped will be taken up 
by a liand and a heart prepared by the 
Master to carry it forward." One of 


Wilhelmina Peckover's last thoughts, on the 
night she passed away, was what would become 
of her Bible Searching Band. 

After a illness extending over a month, she 
died as she had lived, trusting in the finished 
work of her Lord. When she learned that all 
hope was abandoned by her doctor she said, 
" It will be a glorious change for me ! " Shortly 
afterwards, on the last day of her life, she said 
to her sister, who sat by her bedside, " I can now 
speak to the truth of the twenty-third Psalm, 
for ' I am walking now through the Valley of 
the Shadow of Death, and I fear no evil for He 
is with me.' Conscious to the last, she passed 
away in perfect peace. 

The following " Tribute " appeared in 
the Friend a fortnight after her death : — 

" To most of us in different ways the moan- 
ing of Bunyan's time-honoured parable, in all its 
varied and wonderful application to our Christian 
life, has often been made plain. To some it 
has been given to know the gladness that the 
pilgrims felt, when — ' leaning on their staves, 
as is common to weary travellers,' they talked 
with the Shepherds stationed by ' the Lord of 
the Hill ' to encourage wayfarers as they passed. 
And while we rested, the words of gracious, 


viplifting cheer were spoken to iis by the lips 
and through the lives of His servants. ' These 
mountains are within sight of the city ; the 
sheep are His and He laid down His life for them.' 
Afterwards, as we went on our way, the light 
of Heaven shone upon the ' mountains,' and our 
hearts were filled with hope, because we know 
that our joiu-ney was not in vain. 

" Among those who have thus spoken to us 
through their quiet, beautiful lives, was our dear 
friend, Wilhelmina Peckover, who on Sunday, 
the 20th of last February, was called into the 
presence of the master. Words full of Christ- 
like love and tender sympathy have been sent 
to us through her, and her hand has been laid 
upon our lives with the touch of the Master 
whom she loved. When the call came, it found 
her ready, for the comfort of the Shepherd 
Psalm was hers, and ' in the valley of the 
shadow of death ' there was no room for fear. 
Now, ' the still waters ' of earth are not needed, 
and our thoughts pass with her passing, to tlie 
time beyond, when — ' the Lamb which is in the 
midst of the throne shall lead them unto living 
fountains of waters, and God shall wipe away 
all tears from their eyes.' 

" The sacrifice of Christ as a satisfving 


remedy for sin was the foundation of her faith, 
and an unwavering trust in the Love of Him 
' "V\lio laid down His life for the sheep.' It was 
this, we believe, which made her life fruitful 
and strong in its quiet power upon those who 
were privileged to know her. The words of the 
well-known hymn might have been hers — 

' ' I stand upon His merits, 
I know no other stand, 
Xot e'en where glory dwelleth 
In Immanuel's Land. ' 

But those of us who are still left for a time, 
as witnesses to the same blessed Truth, can, 
even under the shadow of a great loss, rejoice 
for her in a race well run ; can follow her with 
love and thanksgiving, while we almost hear 
' the bells of the city ring with joy,' and say 
with Bunyan : ' Now, jvist as the gates were 
opened, I looked, and behold the city shone as 
the sun : and after that they shut up the gates, 
which, — when I had seen, I wished myself 
among them.' " 

Isaac Pickard, 79 30 3mo. 1910 

Harrogate. A Minister. 
Andrew Pim, 13days 4 lOmo. 1909 

Rathgar, Co. Dublin. Son of Francis H. and 

^Margaret T. Pim. 


Emma Pollard, 87 22 4mo. 1910 

Scarborough. Wife of William Pollard. 

Alfred Priestman 78 28 Imo. 1910 

Tkornton-le-Dale, Pickering. An Elder. 
Alfred Priestman, the son of Joshua and 
Jane Priestman, was born at Malton in 1831. 
His <early years were spent at Thornton -le-dale, 
the Yorkshire village which has been for probably 
three centuries the home of the Priestman 
family. His education began in the village 
Grammar School, but later he went to the 
Laurence Street School at York, and continued 
his studies under the headmastership of John 
Ford. In 1849, he went to the West Riding to 
learn the woollen manufactiu-ing business ; 
and in 1851 the firm of Alfred Priestman and Co. 
was founded in Bradford, his brother, the late 
John Priestman, joining him in partnership. 
The next fifty years of his life were spent iri 
Bradford. In 1865, he married Mary Ann 
Tuke, by whom he had one son and one daughter. 
Mary A. Priestman died in 1879, and in 1887 
Alfred Priestman married Ellen M. Ellis, of 
Belgrave, • Leicester, who survives him. In 
1889, Alfred Priestman retired from business, 
and in 1905 he returned to Thornton-le-dale, 




where, in the much-loved home, rejoicing in the 
quiet country life, and the beauty of valley and 
moorland, the evening of his life was spent. 

It was chiefly for his association with the 
School Board that Alfred Priestman's work in 
Bradford will be remembered. From 1882, 
until School Boards went out of existence in 
1903, he served upon every successive Board, 
thus going successfully through seven elections. 
"His interest in all branches of educational 
work was thoroughly comprehensive, and there 
were probably few members of the Board who 
spent more time in such close touch with the 
schools themselves." He was also associated 
with the work of the Coffee Tavern Company, 
the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals, and one of the Bradford special 
hospitals, while our own Society found in him 
a willing worker and wise counsellor. 

Many men have, at any rate apparently, 
taken a more active share in the work of life 
than Alfred Priestman, for, naturally disliking 
publicity, he shunned prominent posts of 
service, but it was the spirit of the man which 
made his life of such inestimable value to his 
day and generation. He was a man of very 
strong principles ; his advocacy especially of 


the causes of Temperance and Peace never 
wavered. For the whole of his life he was an 
ardent Liberal in politics, with a mind ever 
open towards progressive reform, and his 
adlaerence to the principles of the religious 
belief of the Society of Friends was so sincere 
that it affected the whole course of his life and 

Principles such as these naturally brought 
him into conflict with men who looked at life 
from a different standpoint, but in every conflict 
there was, in the words of one of his School 
Board colleagues, that " coiu-tesy and unfailing 
kindness" which won for him the "deep 
respect" even of his opponents and the love and 
honom* of his friends. To all who came to him 
for advice (and these were not a few) Alfred 
Priestman proved himself to be a most depend- 
able and sympathetic counsellor. He made 
them realise that they had come to one who, 
with strong principles and high ideals, yet looked 
out on life from an eminently practical, whole- 
some point of view, and on whom they could 
safely rely. 

To speak of Alfred Priestman' s religious 
life as in any way separate from his secular 
life would be beside the mark. He was a man 


who spoke seldom of his spiritual experience, 
but in his daily life his faith in G-od was manifest. 
In a life Avhich brought no small share of sorrow, 
his quiet unshaken trust and his unquestioning 
resignation to what he believed was the will of 
God, was a strength and inspiration to those who 
realised what the suffering was, and who suffered 
with him. It was with a sense of joy and 
freedom that Alfred Priestman left the busy 
life of the city and retired to Thornton-le-dale. 
Though he no longer felt called upon to enter 
into much active service, yet his interest in work, 
his enthusiasm for reform, never flagged, and his 
influence was felt, not only in the village, bvit 
by many workers who came to him still for help 
and advice and who were always sure of his 

The close of his life was the natural outcome 
of the whole tenor of it. With very little 
preparation for so dread a verdict, he was called 
upon to face death, through the disease which, 
perhaps, of all others, human beings most fear. 
He faced it quietly, cheerfully, and with the usual 
simple unciuestioning acceptance of the will 
of God. Those who were privileged to be with 
him during the last few weeks his illness lasted, 
felt that there was no place for sorrow in his 



sick room, they were only walking with hini to 
Heaven's Gates. 

From without came the clash of the General 
Election, and day by day, while consciousness 
lasted, " results " were told at the bedside. It 
seemed strange to him that such things still 
interested him, and he doubted whether it were 
right that it should be so, and he feared lest his 
whole life had been " secular " at the expense 
of the " spiritual ; " but then came peace, as the 
sense was given to him that the two are one. 

Amongst the many letters which came to 
cheer his sick room was one which gave him 
special gratification. It was from a clergyman 
who had been with him on the Bradford School 
Board, and with whom he had been in such keen 
opposition that relations had become strained. 
This letter came to remove the one cloud in the 
clear sky of Love, making perfectly true the lines 
of a hymn he loved : 

"At peace with all the world, dear Lord, and 


No fears my soul's unwavering faith can shake, 

All's well, whichever side the grave for me 

The morning light may break." 

Acute suffering was most mercifully spared 
him, and only four weeks after he had known 



of the presence of disease he entered into 

As we look back upon his Ufe, Browning's 
words come to us as a fitting tribute to his 
character : — 

" One who never turned his back, but marched 
breast forward, 
Never doubted clouds would break. 
Never dreamed though right were worsted 

wrong would triumph. 
Held -we fall to rise, are baffled to fight better. 
Sleep to wake." 

Susannah Proctor. 76 25 Omo. 1910 

Leeds. Widow of Jonah Proctor. 

Edna M. Quinney. 10 3mo. 1910 

Northfield. Daughter of Thomas and Beatrice 

Edwin R. Ransome, 86 17 omo. 1910 

Wandsworth. A Minister. 

Edwin Rayner Ransome, a man who served 
his generation faitlifully and energetically 
during a long life of almost eighty-seven years, 
was the son of Richard and Eliza Wilder 
Ransome, and was born at Colchester in 1823. 
He came of Quaker ancestry ; Richard Ransome, 
his forefather, was one of the earlv Friends and 


suffered a long imprisonment for his faith. 
And yet Edwin Ransome himself was born out- 
side the Society, his father having lost his 
membership through marrying a lady who was 
not a Friend. 

His father was an artist by temperament, 
and an engraA-er by profession ; he was a great 
lover of miisic also, and himself an accomplished 
player on the flute, a gift which in those days 
met with scant sympathy amongst Friends. 
His work took him from place to place, and he 
seems never to have settled down long any- 
where during his son's boyhood. Edwin was the 
eldest son, an alert, observant boy. There was 
never anything vague or indefinite about him. 
His impressions even in earh^ childhood were 
sharply and clearly defined and remembered 
vividly long years afterwards. He could always 
distinctly recall the setting of a broken arm 
when he was between tliree and four years old. 

In some notes of his life, Edwin R. Ran- 
some wrote : " Some of my very early associa- 
tions were connected with the dear little village 
of Rushmere, near Ipswich, where my vmcle, 
James Ransome, lived. My dear cousins, 
Hannah (afterwards Hannah Stafford Allen) 
and Jane (afterwards Jane Corder) were like 


mother and sister to me." In their walks to- 
gether, he adds, " we sometimes took messages 
to Thomas Clarkson, of anti-Slavery fame. 
I remember him as a kindly old man patting me 
on the head and telling me to be a good boy." 

In 1830, when Edwin R. Ransome was 
seven years old, his family were living at Brussels 
when the Revolution broke out which separated 
Belgium from Holland. He always retained 
vivid memories of the time ; of the fighting, 
which they could see from their windows, of 
the wounded being carried on litters to a 
nunnery next door to be cared for ; of his 
parents being rec[uired to feed some twelve 
or more of the fighters, and to keep lights burn- 
ing in every window through the night ; of 
being very nearly struck himself by part of a 
biu-sting shell. When, after a few days, a truce 
was agreed upon, his father succeeded in convey- 
ing his family across the frontier, but it was 
too late to save the young mother from the 
consequences of this time of terror. It brought 
on a fever from which she died at Bergues, in 
North France, and she and a baby daughter, 
only a few months old, were there buried in 
the same grave. 

After being at various other schools at 


Ipswich and Rotterdam, the little boy, when only 
ten years old, was taken by his father to the 
Moravian School at Neuwied on the Rhine, 
where he remained for over three years, without 
once going home or seeing any relative. But 
he was very happy there ; his nature responding 
readily to the kindness and affection with 
which he was treated. Though he left Neuwied 
before he was thirteen years old, the time 
spent there had a powerfully moulding effect 
upon his mind and character, and the influence 
of the Evangelical Moravian Brothers, their 
simplicity, faith and fervour, remained with 
him througli life. He was a loyal member 
of the " Society of Old Neuwieders,"' rejoicing 
to attend its gatherings in London, and to join 
with its members in occasional excursions 
to Kew or Hampton Court. 

In 1835, he came back to England under the 
kind care of Adam Black, the publisher, a 
journey which then occupied a week. 

After his return he was sent to a school 
in Bow, in a fine old house built for Admiral 
Blake. He records that " Canes of varying 
length and thickness formed important factors 
in driving knowledge into us ; some portion 
of which, beginning at the bottom, was driven 


by cane through the soles of our feet, we having 
first taken off our boots or shoes. Next to this 
style of instruction the event (best) remembered 
by me was a notable echpse of the sun in 1835, 
when a number of ladies and gentlemen came 
into the garden to watch it through a telescope. 
During the ensuing holidays my father took us 
for a walk over London Bridge, to see the mar- 
vellous sight of a railway on arches, then the 
wonder of London, from London Bridge to 
Greenwich. At that time we lived in Hoxton, 
where I remember watching from our windows 
a field of oats swayed by a gentle wind. In 
this year (1835) I remember also seeing Hancock's 
steam coach running along the City Road." 

A little later his parents went abroad again 
to reside, and happily for him, their son was sent 
to his kind uncle, James Ransome, at Rushmere, 
which thenceforth became his home. He was 
then for the first time sent to a Friends' School- 
at Ipswich. It was only for a few months, but 
he was able afterwards to record that " William 
Gill, by thoughtful influence, impressed me for 
good, more than either of my previous school 
masters had done by liberal use of the cane." 

Whilst at this school he listened to a 
Temperance lecture which deeply impressed 


him, and which decided him to give up the use 
of intoxicating beverages. He remarked in 
his old age that he had " become a teetotaler 
before Queen Victoria came to the throne." 

Soon after this he was apprenticed for six 
years to Charles Dix, a Friend at Haverhill, 
in whose family he lived. He was very happy 
there, with plenty to do. He was expected to 
attend the little Haverhill Meeting and was 
kindly welcomed by the Friends, both at Meeting 
and socially. When he was seventeen years old, 
the Friends of his Monthly Meeting did a kindly, 
and as it proved, a wise thing for themselves 
and the Society, in deputing two of their nunaber 
to visit him and invite him to join them in 

Before this it had never occurred to him 
to think seriously of joining Friends, but he 
felt it "so kind of them to invite him " that he 
gave the matter earnest consideration and 
decided to apply for membership, and he 
was duly received in 1840. More and more 
he grew to love the " Friends," and through a 
long life he served his chosen Church with a 
loyal and whole-hearted devotion. 

At Haverhill he succeeded in starting a 
Temperance Association, which insisted on 


appointing him its first Secretary. Some of the 
older Friends were inclined to feel the advocacy 
of Teetotalism " an invasion into the rights of 
individuals," but the young apprentice succeeded 
in winning his employer to his side, and the 
Association prospered. 

Some time after his apprenticeship expired, 
and after further useful business experience, 
he was offered, much to his satisfaction, a post 
at his uncle's foundry at Ipswich, and he removed 
there in 1848. 

" In those days," Edwin R. Ransome 
wrote, " the Meeting at Ipswich was large and 
influential, including such Friends as Ann 
Tuke Alexander, formerly of York, a Minister 
of note in her day, who was the originator in 
1 8 1 3 of the Annual Monitor ; William Henry and 
Sophia Alexander, the latter a Minister greatly 
esteemed ; and John Talwyn Shewell, a very 
spiritually-minded minister. Besides these, 
there was old Dykes Alexander, Richard 
Dykes and Samuel Alexander, Bankers, together 
with James, Robert and Allen Ransome and 
their respective families." 

Resourceful, efficient, and willing, Edwin 
Ransome soon came to fill a useful place in the 
meeting. On one occasion his knowledge of 


German led to his being sent to Harwich to 
assist ninety-nine shipwrecked German emi- 
grants, and accompany them to Ipswich, 
where they were kindly cared for and sent on 
their way cheered and comforted. 

"In 1851," Edwin R. Ransome records, 
" a considerable number of professors and 
learned men visited Ipswich whilst the Meeting 
of the British Association was being held. 
Many of these wished to inspect the Orwell 
works, and it was my privilege to have to act 
as guide on such occasions. It was exceedingly 
interesting to note the different standpoints 
from which some of these clever men viewed 
things. . , , A considerable company of 
them went a trip by steamer to Bawdsey Ferry. 
It was quite a treat to hear Professors Owen, 
Sedgwick, Phillips, Forbes, and others, dis- 
course about the Suffolk Crags as we passed by 
the Felixstowe cliffs, which then stood in their 
natural beauty. 

" In the seventh month of tliat year 
Prince Albert visited Ipswich and was greatly 
interested in the Museum, which had made for 
itself a name as an educational establishment, 
under [the] direction of my cousin George. As 
a steward at the head of the staircase, I was 


greeted by the Prince with a polite bow, and I was 
struck by the pleasant tone of his voice and the 
elegance of his language. 

" One day I took a young man down the 
Orwell to dredge from the bottom of the river ; 
he was full of life and energy, and he developed 
into Professor Huxley. ' Old Landseer,' the 
painter, proved an interesting companion as I 
escorted him to local points of interest ; and 
Professor Bowerbank, of ' London Clay ' cele- 
brity, also proved a genial and humorous 
visitor, whom my Uncle Robert entertained as 
guest. On his arrival, taking a cab, the vehicle 
somehow was upset, and the diiver asked him 
if he would not like to get out whilst it was being 
lifted on to the wheels again, but he told him 
he preferred staying comfortably where he 
was, and so they had to put things right thus, 
the Professor all the while looking at the crowd 
of people through the jaws of an enormous 
shark which he had brought with him. It was 
quite amusing to witness the enjoyment of 
unbending in some of these talented men ; 
they seemed like a lot of schoolboys out for a 

We see from these notes that Edwin R. 
Ransome's capabilities as a guide were early 


discovered and turned to account, and it was 
an occupation in which he always delighted. 
When in later years he became a Director of the 
Wandsworth Gas Company, he used to in\ite 
his friends to go round the works with him. 
A young American lady, who was a guest at his 
house with her father, wrote after his death, 
" I recall the day when he took us through the 
Gas-works, — and was as enthusiastic as a boy 
over tlie different processes and machinery. 
The dirt and grime did not appeal to me, but 
his radiance did." 

In 1852, he and his cousin, Sheppard 
Ransome, started a hardware business in London, 
and in the following year Edwin R. Ransome 
was married to Elizabeth Hunton. After a 
short stay in Camden Town, he removed with 
his bride to Wandsworth, " very thankful to be 
within walking distance of a meeting." 

The young couple were " received very 
kindly " by Wandsworth Friends, who at that 
time were much more numerous than a few 
years later. 

" In those days," Edwin R. Ransome 
wrote, " Wandsworth was comparatively a 
village with about 12,000 inhabitants, and w& 
seemed to be quite in the country. Oiu- medical 


man used after dark to carry a lantern in one 
hand and a pistol in the other, as he went to see 
some of his patients." 

Bvit the happy union proved very short, 
and within a year he was left alone with a little 
motherless boy. Perhaps it was well for him 
that for several years the necessary travelling 
for the business fell to his share. In course of 
time he had visited most of the principal towns 
between Aberdeen and Penzance. Wherever 
he went he was a regular attender of Meetings, 
and he was received with great kindnesss and 
hospitality by Friends. Once, at Penrith, 
he was laid up with a sort of cholera, then very 
prevalent. A local Friend, Thomas Altham,. 
hearing of his illness, removed him to his own 
home, and he and his wife niu-sed their stranger 
guest back to health again. In after years he 
passed on abundantly to others the kindness 
he had hmiself received, and " his hospitality 
was unbounded." 

" During the six or seven years of my 
travelling," Edwin R. Ransome wrote, " it 
was my unflinching rule to let business 
matters stand aside on First-days, for I liad, 
and still have, great faith in the old saying 
that — 



' A Sunday well spent 
Brings a week of content, 
And health for the toil of to-morrow,' " 

Peace man though he was, Edwin R. 
Ransome was also a good fighter. He records 
that " in the late fifties " he was engaged in a 
strenuous opposition to local church rates 
along with another Wandsworth Friend, John 
D. Watlock. This brought him into close 
and happy association with the Watlock family ; 
and in 1859, the eldest daughter, Elizabeth, 
became his wdfe. Two years later her father 
died, and her two sisters came to live with her 
and her husband. This addition to the house- 
hold, with his own increasing faixiily, necessi- 
tated a larger dwelling, and led ultimately to the 
building of Rushmere Cottage, into which they 
moved in 1865, and which was Edwin Ransome' s 
home for the rest of his life. He records 
in his Notes of this period, that " After prayer- 
fully looking at the matter all roimd, we 
concluded that the right thing for us to do 
was to remain at Wandsworth. . . We 
had thought we should like to . . . live 
more in the country, perhaps at Esher . . . 
but we did not like the idea of leaving poor 
little Wandsworth Meeting, and so we resolved 


to remain here and do what we could in helping^ 
to build it up. I believe this resolution was 
right and has been blessed by the Lord. 

" . . . Afterwards, wlien we annually 
went to the seaside for summer holidays, it 
gave us much pleasure to lend our house to 
Friends from the countrj^ thus securing their 
attendance at our little meeting. Amongst 
those who came were Samuel Bowly, Marriage 
Wallis, Alfred Wright, and others." 

In 1864, Edwin R. Ransome was one of the 
sufferers from a serious railway accident. At 
the time he thought that his injury might prove 
fatal, and his mind turned, he records, " to the 
dear wife at home, with a dear little one-day- 
old daughter," yet with it all he could add,. 
" I felt marvellously upheld by Divine power, 
and my heart was lifted up to my Saviour and 
my Heavenly Father, in a way tliat I can never 
forget, with a c[uiet sense that all would 
be rightly ruled. . . . The peace then felt 
was beyond human power of expression." 

Hs was moved in a helpless condition to 
the nearest town, and medically attended till he 
was able to travel to London in an invalid 
carriage. With tender thoughtfulness, he con- 
trived to keep from his wife all knowledge of his- 


accident until his return by writing to her 
daily of other things. 

About this time he took a leading part 
in obtaining a Meeting-house for Friends at 
Hastings, and it was a great satisfaction to hina 
when it was opened in 1866. 

A few years later he was engaged in a long 
and arduous struggle for the preservation of 
Wandsworth Conunon from the encroachments 
of builders, and it is mainly to him that Wands- 
worth residents owe what remains of it. For 
several years he was Chairman of the Board of 
Conservators of the Common. 

He was also most actively engaged on the 
Committee of the War Victims' Fund during 
the Franco-German War, purchasing and 
sending out stores at a time when Friends 
were entrusted with more than £80,000 for 
distribution. Tiiis meant, of course, much 
laborious and responsible work. It would 
be impossible to enumerate Edwin R. Ransome's 
many activities on behalf of his fellow men, 
both in his own religious communion and 
outside it. His own Notes pass briefly over 
these efforts, whilst dwelling at length on 
many of his earlier memories. He was always 
ready to join with his fellow men in any move- 


ment that appealed to him as being for the uplift- 
ing of others. He held out the hand of fellowship 
to the Salvation Army at its rise, persuading 
Wandsworth Friends to lend their Meeting House 
daring some week evenings until the Army 
could secure rooms of its own. He did much 
to help the caiise of Temperance, making himself 
responsible for a Temperance Coffee House in 
the High Street. He was much interested in 
the London City Mission, and had the oversight 
of a local missionary. 

For thirty-three years he was Clerk of the 
Continental Committee of the Meeting for 
Sufferings, for " corresponding with and having 
a care over Friends " residing abroad. Begin- 
ning with the Friends of Pj^rmont and Minden 
alone, the Committee came later into friendly 
touch and sympathy with members of the Society 
of Friends residing in many parts of the world, 
particularly with those in Australia. He 
was like a father to these scattered colonists, 
sparing no pains to inform himself accurately 
concerning their position and surroundings, 
with the conditions of life in each district, till, 
as an Australian Friend remarked, it was almost 
impossible to believe that he himself had never 
crossed the Equator. He did much, however, 


i;o promote the visits of otliers, bringing the need 
for these before the Yearly Meeting, and suc- 
ceeding in interesting Friends on behalf of their 
brothers in other lands, and particvilarly in the 
necessity for making provision for the education 
of the children. It would be impossible to 
chronicle here all he did for Hobart School, in 
the welfare of which he took the keenest interest 

Another school which he helped to start, 
and in which he took a warm interest, was the 
Priends' School for Girls at Nimes, which he 
visited in company with Joseph Bevan Braith- 
waite and one of his sons. After a suitable 
■building had been found, it fell to Edwin R. 
Hansome's share to superintend the necessary 
alterations and to provide furniture and fittings, 
a task for which his experience, executiveness 
and faculty for detail well qualified him. He 
had inherited not only his father's versatility, 
Taut something of his grandfather's inventive 
faculty. His grandfather had discovered a 
method by which the blade of a ploughshare 
"was made to sharpen itself automatically. 

Whilst at Nimes the party visited Tliomas 
Hanbury at Ventimiglia, and amongst other 
pleasures greatly enjoyed their exemption 
from the attentions of the mosquitoes. Thomas 


Hanbury had exterminated them " by stocking 
the water with carp fish, which swallowed the 
larvge suspended just under the surface." 

In nothing, however, was Edwin R. 
Ransome more interested than in the meetings 
of his own Society ; his Meeting for Worship, his 
Monthly or Quarterly Meeting, the Meeting for 
Sufferings, and Yearly Meeting. He never 
missed attending these except when prevented 
by ill-health. He spoke helpfully in our Meet- 
ing, literally as a voice froin the lowest seat, 
long before he was recorded a minister in 1889, 
after which he was at last persuaded to take a 
seat facing the meeting. His preference for a 
seat near the door, and consequently behind all 
his hearers, rose from his desire to be out quickly 
when the meeting broke up, in order that he 
might welcome strangers and offer tliem hospi- 
tality. His ministry was always marked by 
freshness of feeling, simplicity and absolute 
sincerity of tone. Always it was bright, encour- 
aging and full of hope, like himself. Indeed, 
its kej^note was encouragement to all in trial 
or difficulty, to trust in and follow the ' ' guiding 
hand of God," sure of His love and care, and sure 
that for every sincere follower of Christ all 
would turn out for the best. His prayers, too, 


were marked by the same childlike trust and 

After meeting closed, he was out of the room 
almost before anyone else, speaking to no one till 
he was outside, and then his greetings were 
delightfully bright and cordial. Indeed, nothing 
was more characteristic of Edwin R. Ransome 
than his joyous buoyancy of spirit. He was 
full of the joy of living, and seemed always 
alive himself in every corner of his being, taking 
keen interest in all experience, and never know- 
ing what it was to be dull. To serve his Lord 
through serving his fellow men was a constant 
joy to him. He delighted in his home, in his 
large family, and in the loving loyal responsive- 
ness of his children as they grew up around him. 
He had knowm heavy sorrows. The dearly 
loved mother of his eight younger children 
was taken from him soon after the birth of lier 
youngest daughter in 1875, and at no time in his 
life was Edwin R. Ransome more nearly over- 
whelmed than by this crushing blow. He was 
left with so many little children, and their need 
of a mother's loving care weighed upon him till 
he knew not what to do. 

He afterwards married Jane Henrietta 
Dawson, and when, after a union of fifteen years. 


he was once more widowed, his eldest daughter 
was able to be his companion and secretary, 
and with her sisters to watch over him 
with loving devotion to the end of his life. 

He retired from business in 1887, but found 
full occupation for his time in voluntary work 
for others, and especially for Friends. 

Those who knew him only in these later 
years were struck by his youthfulness of spirit, 
his kindly joyousness of manner, and the many 
interests and hobbies to which his leisure 
hours were devoted. A sympatlietic visitor 
would be shown books in which a neat record 
was kept of every day's weather, and of the date 
when the first flower and even the first leaf of 
tree or plant appeared. He would be invited 
to examine the collections of fossils, etc., found 
at Felixstowe, where the summer holiday was 
usually spent ; and where, as the wonderfully 
active white-haired old gentleman was watched 
striding along the beach, hammer in hand, and a 
Scotch cap on his head, he would be taken for 
some retired Scotch general, — instead of tlie 
peaceful Quaker he was. 

The stones and pebbles he collected were 
patiently ground and polished at home by his 
own hands, with quite professional skill. Many 


geological specimens were sent out to Hobart 
School for its museum. He loved his garden 
and kept it in order himself. He liked to show 
his friends the wild ferns he had collected, and 
to offer them seeds from " Luther's Tree," as 
he called it, a Senna Bladder Acacia, grown in 
his garden from seeds which he had brought 
from Worms. 

He always had something of interest to tell. 
One experience he specially liked to recall 
was that of seeing his own shadow in the clouds 
from the gallery of St. Paul's Cathedral. It 
was towards sundown, when suddenly he saw 
the shadow of the building on a dark cloud 
over the city. In the shadow of the building 
he could see his own ; and to make sure it 
was really the figure of himself which he 
saw, he waved his arm and the figure did the 
same. The effect only lasted for a short time, 
but he was keenly interested in having seen 
for himself and in such a place, something 
analogous to the Spectre of the Brocken. 

Edwin R. Ransome was exceedingly 
independent in his opinions, and he held to them 
tenaciously whether others agreed with him or 
not. It was not easy to him to put himself 
intellectually, in the place of others, so as to 


vmderstand their point of view ; but however 
much he might differ in opinion from some of 
his friends, he was one in heart with them still. 
His affection remained as warm and true as if 
they had never disagreed in opinion. And in 
practice he was equally independent. 

When his Preparative Meeting decided 
to hold the mid-week meeting in the evening, 
he approved the change for others, but 
announced that as he himself could not come 
out in the evenings, he should hold his meeting 
in the morning as before, and should be per- 
fectly happy to hold it alone. And he often 
did hold it alone and then came away with 
shining face. It was an hour he would never 
miss if he could avoid it, and it helped him 
to spend it in a place endeared by long associ- 
ations of worship, where naturally 

" the habit of the soul 
Feels less the outer world's control." 

Edwin R. Ransome retained his activity 
and vigour till the early months of this year. 
His last illness was a time of frequent suffering 
and increasing weakness. But his patience and 
cheery brightness never failed. To him, it 
seemed that he was no longer able to do any- 
thing for others, but in reality it was a time of 


crowning service ; for the fovmdations of his 
faith and ministry were then severely tested, 
and he was enabled to stand the test, and to the 
last to bear witness to the sustaining presence 
of his Lord, and thus to set the seal on what he 
had so long believed and taught. Frequently 
he would send messages of hope and encourage- 
ment to the Wandsworth Friends at their 
Sunday morning Meeting for Worship. He sank 
peacefully to rest on the eve of Yearly Meeting. 
His body was laid in the quiet little grave-yard 
behind the Meeting-house, in the presence of 
many Friends from far and near, who united 
in thanksgiving for a long life of service com- 
pleted and ministry fulfilled. 

William Raper, 81 16 8mo. 1910 

James Rawlinson, 73 25 4mo. 1910 

Eliza Raymond, 50 19 9mo. 1910 

Walton-on-the-Naze. Wife of Charles H. A. 


Bassett Reynolds, 78 17 3mo. 1910 

Leominster. Formerly an Elder. 

The second son of Richard Freshfield and 
Maria Reynolds, of Banburj^ Bassett Reynolds 


was born in that town in November, 1831. 
On his mother's side he was the grandson of 
Peter Bassett, founder of the Bank of that name 
at Leighton Buzzard (now Barclay and Co.) ; and 
on his father's side, grandson of Anna Maria 
Reynolds {nee Seaman), a descendant of the 
Gurney family. His father was a chemist, 
in a day when members of that profession 
were at times expected to visit patients. It 
was on a night-coach journey for that purpose 
that Richard F. Reynolds contracted a chill 
which soon carried him off, the child Bassett 
being then only a year-and-a-half old. Maria 
Reynolds was thus left with two boys ; her brother 
John Dollin Bassett, often proving a stay to the 
widow. Her elder son, Richard Reynolds, 
in later years became a well-known and valued 
citizen of Leeds. Charlbiu*y was the first 
boarding school, followed by Colchester, and 
thirdly, Hitchin (under Isaac Brown), moved 
to Dorking while Bassett Reynolds was a pupil, 
just two years before Isaac Brown was appointed 
principal of the Flounders Institute. 

After school days, for the next thirteen or 
fourteen years he had an unusually varied career, 
living successively in Manchester, at Ampthill 
in Bedfordshire, where he was apprenticed to a 



grocery and drapery firm, at a premium of 125 
guineas, even that high figure being a reduction 
of twenty-five guineas in consideration of 
previous service ; in York, where he lodged at 
Henry Hipsley's, and first took part in Adult 
School teaching ; at Saffron Walden, and at 
South Shields. During his apprenticeship, he 
had the privilege of attending, with his mother 
and brother, the great Peace Conference held 
in Paris, at which Victor Hugo presided — a 
memorable experience for one so young, helping 
firmly to clinch his Peace principles. 

x4.t last, a business was taken at Bury St. 
Edmunds ; and in 1863, Bassett Reynolds 
miarried Julia, daughter of Edward Mills, of 
Einsbury Circus, London. Soon afterwards a 
business at Leeds Bridge (the retail part of 
Hotham and Wliiting's) was purchased, and 
most of the family of seven (five surviving) 
were born in the northern city. The four- 
storey house (besides cellar) that remained the 
home for several years, rested on wooden piles 
on the bed of the inky river Aire ; and though 
the family left it in response to the Corporation's 
warning at the time the present bridge was 
built, about forty years ago, the house still 
stands. In 1876, Bassett Reynolds moved to 


Luton, entering the bank of Sharpies and Co. 
(now Barclay's), and there was his home for the 
next twenty-five years. Almost at once he took 
up work in the Adult School, then a compara- 
tively small one, and he had the joy of seeing the 
steady rise in numbers and the abounding 
prosperity of the School in later years, prosperity 
in which his own class shared. In various little 
ways he proved his interest in the men, and 
though his gifts of exposition were not great, 
there was something in the manner and the 
personality that for twenty-five years gathered, 
kept, and held as loyal a body of men as any in 
the School. And when the time of retirement 
came, and with his wife he moved to Leominster, 
to be near their married sons, the class always 
lay near his heart, and was unfailingly remem- 
bered every night as he passed the fine group 
portrait that hung at the foot of the stairs. 
He rejoiced as he heard from one and another 
of his old scholars of the continued progress of 
the class, and how one of the old members 
had become the leader of another class. 

Bassett Reynolds was not brought up as 
an abstainer ; and letters written in the days 
soon after he had taken over the Leeds business 
indicate how much he felt, or thought he felt^ 


the need of a stimulant at the end of a hard 
day's work. But as he saw a young family 
growing up around him, he decided that tec- 
totalism was the only right course, and from the 
day of decision to the end he continued 
a convinced abstainer. Similarly, though 
fond of tobacco, he laid aside, for the sake 
of the example to his children, the pipe and the 
cigar, and never reverted to those luxuries. 

One of " the quiet of the land," as he had 
been called, Bassett Reynolds exercised a 
gentle, kindly influence. He often expressed 
his sense of thankfulness for the gifts of life. 
Till within a little over a year of his own 
decease, he enjoyed the devoted care of his 
beloved wife, who did so much to ease his 
declining years. A few years ago, one who 
knew him well wrote : "I have often marvelled 
at his cheerful disposition and serene nature, 
notwithstanding the adverse circumstances, 
annoyances, disappointments, which come to 
each of us. I attribute his equable tempera- 
ment partly to his good health, and also to a 
source of strength derived each day from a 
hidden spring, whose waters flow continually 
for all who choose to bathe in their cooling 



82 21 4mo. 1910 

72 29 lOmo. 1909 

Jemima Reynolds, 74 29 lOmo. 1909 

Reigate. Widow of George Reynolds. An 

Hannah Richardson, 

Edward L. Riley, 

William Roberts, 59 1 3mo. 1910 

Annie M. Robertson, 3 6 5mo. 1910 

Harlesden, N. W. Davighter of James and 

Louisa S. Robertson. 
Jane Robinson, 82 19 Imo. 1910 

Crawley, of Ifield Meeting. 
Elizabeth Robson, 92 24 omo. 1909 

Camhridge. Widow of Henry E. Robson. 
Charlotte E. Robson, 61 6 5mo. 1910 

Monkseaton, Northumberland. \Mdow of 

Joseph William Robson. 
Jeanie Roy, 67 22 8mo. 1909 

Dundee. Wife of Thomas Roy. 
Laura Sanders, 39 16 7mo. 1910 

Stirchley. Wife of Wilfrid Sanders. 
Fredk, Satterthwaite, 41 21 4mo. 1910 

Mary A. Satterthwaite, 92 3 12mo. 1909 

Birkdale, Soiithport. 


Annie S. Seekings, 40 1 12mo. 1909 

Eariih, St. Ives, Hunts. Wife of Thomas 

Annie Sophia Seekings was the daughter 
of Daniel and Priscilla (Burlingham) Southall, 
and was born at King's Lynn, on the 27th of 
March, 1869. She was educated at Ackworth, 
and was subsequently a teacher in the School. 
In 1899, she was married to Thomas Seekings, of 
Earith, St. Ives, Huntingdon, who, with a son 
nine years of age, survives her. 

She possessed an exceptionally peaceful 
and beautifully unostentatious and sympathetic 
spirit, and was interested in every good word 
and work. The young, helpless, down- trodden, 
■or oppressed, especially claimed her sympathy. 
In addition to much useful work for both the 
Monthly Meeting and her own particular 
Meeting, she took great interest in the local 
Bible, Peace, and Teraperai\ce Societies, and in 
the Women's and Girls' Guilds. 

Although affected for many years with 
valvular disease of the heart, and being aware 
that her life here might terminate at any 
moment, she always lived a cheerful, bright, 
and comparatively active life in the sunshine of 
God's love, few neighbours or acquaintances 


knowing that anything was amiss. For the last 
two or three years she was considerably stronger, 
and her brave and self-sacrificing spirit causing 
her to undertake too much, the result was a 
break-down, and the ending, at the early age of 
forty, of a very beautiful life, to the irreparable 
loss of her family, the Meeting, and all with whom 
she had come in contact. 

It was her belief that religion consisted in 
obeying the voice of God within ; in life, and not 
in creeds or ritual or emotion. She lived her 
life in the love of God, and that love she in her 
turn displayed in a life of love to her fellow- 
men. In the month preceding her decease, in 
reply to a letter of congratulation on her 
recovery from illness — a recovery which was 
shortly to be followed by a relapse — she wrote : 

" Earith, 

" November 18th, 1909. 
" Dear Members of the Lynn Meeting, 

" I have been exceedingly touched by the 
message of thankfulness for my recovery 
conveyed to me on your behalf. I have indeed 
passed through the Valley of the Shadow of 
Death, though not across the River of Death 
itself. I have felt the presence of Christ Him- 


self, and I have also been upborne as on Angels' 
wings, by the prayers of the many (how many 
has indeed been a revelation to me) who have 
remembered me in their prayers. 

" My prayer is that having had such a clear 
revelation of God's love, I may be able to help 
others in their hours of darkness ; and that you, 
too, dear JFriends may have such a revelation of 
God's love, that you may be able to say ' I know 
in whom I have believed ' and ' am pei-suaded 
that neither death nor life . . . slaall be 
able to separate us from the love of God which 
is in Christ Jesus our Lord.' 

" I am sending flowers to share with you 
some of tlie beauty and sweetness which have 
cheered me throughout. 

' Spake full well in language quaint and olden 
One who dwelleth by the Castled Rhine, 

When he called the flowers, so blue and golden. 
Stars, that in Earth's firmament do shine 

Stars they are, wherein we read our history. 

As astrologers and seers of old ; 
Yet not wrapped about with awful mystery, 

Like the burning stars, which they beheld. 
* * * * 

In all places then, and in all seasons 

Flowers expand their light and sovil-like wings. 
Teaching us, by most persuasive reasons, 

How akin they are to human things. 



And with childlike, credulous affection, 
We behold their tender buds expand, 

Emblems of our oMni great resurrection, 
Emblems of the bright and better land.' 

" Year after year we greet the wild flowers 

Like a sweet smile to Nature's sunny face. 
Year after year we greet the thrush's singing. 

Sure that each bird and flower will find 
its place. 
O ! changeless law of God that never alters. 

Be thou our light along the distant way 
Oh ! changeless love of God that never falters. 

Be thou the lamp that lights our little day. 

Yoiirs in the love of our dear Lord Jesus, 
Annie Seekings." 

Arthur S. Sheldrake, 49 





Alfred Shipley, 82 


4 mo. 


Westbury-on- Trym. 

Mary Ann Shipley, 89 




Chesterfield. An Elder. 

E. Margaret Sholl, G8 




Axhridge. Wife of S. Asliby Sholl. 

Charles Price Simms, 89 




Chipping Norton. An Elder. 

To those who know its people intimately 
Oxfordshire seems strong in the commonplace 


heroes who build quietly and well " over against 
their house," and of such Cliarles Price Simms 
is a typical illustration. Born in Chipping 
Norton in 1820, he spent the whole of his life in 
his native town, with the exception of the three 
or four years he was at school, first with Edmund 
Watts at Tysoe in the same county, and in that 
high rolling country, almost within sight of home, 
and afterwards in a Friends' Conmaittee School 
at Birmingham, then under the mastership of 
William Lean, whose domestic governorship 
is somewhat indicated by his reply to a boy 
who timidly remarked, "I do not like fat," 
" A portion of that which is on the table will be 
put upon thy plate, and thou wilt be expected 
to eat it." That boy was not Charles Price 
Simms, for no one ever heard of his saying, 
" I do not like," where duty or courtesy were 
anyhow concerned. Wliat will others like ? 
what does God like ? seemed ever the first thought 
with him, with the pleasant sequence that, with 
rare exceptions, he always appeared to like 
whatever he had to do. 

His school days were followed, in 1837, by 
one of the great treats of his life, and a much 
more ^^ncommon one then than now, a month 
in Switzerland with his uncle, R. F. Price, 


and William Lean. There were no railways 
there then ; it took them two days and three 
nights of continuous travelling to get from 
Paris to Geneva, and he had many racy tales 
to tell of experiences impossible now. It 
widened his outlook and its memories gave him 
lasting enjoyment. Then he settled down to 
work as watchmaker and silversmith in a busi- 
ness which his father and grandfather had 
already raised to good repute locally, and which, 
forty years after, he handed on with unimpaired 
character for thoroughness to his son. During 
those years he was seldom away from home 
for more than a few days at a time. "As a 
watchmaker," we are told, " he was wonderfully 
clever, especially considering that he had had 
no experience outside his father's shop. He 
made it a point to master the mechanism of 
any watch or clock brought to him, and if the 
machine had any go in it it was sure to go after 
he had overhauled it." An early riser, and 
fond of gardening, he no doubt retained his 
health and vigour largely tlirough the fact that 
he got out-of-door occupation before and after 
business hours in the face of the very close work 
of the shop. He was a keen naturalist, and in 
his earlier life filled up winter evenings with 


bird stuffing. His knowledge of the habits of 
birds enabled him to mount them naturally, 
and his really fine collection of the birds of the 
neighbourhood was a constant source of interest 
to him to the end of his long life. " In this 
respect," says a Friend, " he was an example 
of the usefulness of a hobby outside the graver 
duties of life to keep one young and in touch 
with the recuperating influences of life." But 
his hobbies never made him selfish. " Person- 
ally," remarks the same kinsman, " he was an 
attractive character. Always from ray earliest 
boy days I looked to him as a sort of elder 
brother, who would go out of his way to do me 
a kind turn and promote my happiness ; very 
unselfish, with a constant thought for those 
around him." Another Friend recalls how, 
nearly sixty years ago, two little girls were set 
down by the coach near his father's door, expect- 
ing to be met, when an Election was using up 
every steed in the neighbourhood ; how they 
were most kindly housed, and fed, and cared 
for by his hospitable family ; and how real 
happiness shone again in shy homesick little 
hearts after his cheery " Show them my Natural 
History books," and they began to realise how, 
" seen close to, birds were as beautiful as that." 


In 1843, Chipping Norton Meeting was 
depleted of two-thirds of its members, and of 
nearly all its young life, by the emigration to 
Canada of John Atkins and Edward Simkins 
and their large families, and others ; and it 
became practically a family meeting, closed on 
C. P. Simms' death. As a Friend he was one 
to keep things going rather than initiate new 
movements. He was Clerk to Preparative 
Meeting, Assistant Clerk to Monthly Meeting, 
and an Elder, and a valued member of Sibford 
School Committee for many years. He was 
rarely absent from Friends' business meetings, 
and once or twice every year delighted to see 
the whole Monthly Meeting arrange themselves 
round his dinner table. Long after he was 
eighty he would cycle twenty or thirty miles 
to attend a Monthly Meeting. 

As a young man he was neither abstainer 
nor non-smoker — few were in those days — but 
he became both before his marriage, when total 
abstinence was a more covirageous act in such 
a community than it would be in a large city. 
He was not at first an aggressive Temperance 
worker. John Roles, his friend for over forty 
years, writes : " On taking up my residence in 
Chipping Norton, in 1865, I found there had 



been no organised Temperance work attempted 
for many years. An old Rechabite banner was 
disinterred from a vault below the schoolroom 
floor, but exposure to the light and the elements 
proved too much for it, although while it lasted 
it bore testimony to the fact that a Rechabite 
Tent had existed, and some progress had been 
made. The visit of Mrs. Postlethwaite, of 
Stroud, in 1866, resulted in the formation of a 
Band of Hope, commenced in the Boys' School- 
room. . . It was, however, after the coming 
over of IVlr. C. P. Simms, that rapid progress 
was made ; until, with adjacent village branches 
adding their contingents, the Juvenile and Adult 
membership reached considerably over a 

' ' In providing means, presiding at meetings, 
entertaining visitors, and conducting business 
deliberations, the late President of the Chipping 
Norton Society has left behind a lasting memorial 
and set a worthy example of a quiet unosten- 
tatious life full of consideration for others and 
Christ-like deeds." 

C. P. Simms was not only President of this 
Society for over thirty years, but he also worked 
hard in connection with the Blue Ribbon 


The British School was another of his 
special interests. Of this he was treasurer for 
many years, until, in 1895, it had to give place 
to more modern and up-to-date methods. 
IVIr. Roles, for thirty years its much-respected 
master, writes : "I found Mr. Simms, as one 
of the managers, a most persistent and enthusi- 
astic supporter of the British School system 
of public elementary education, which, broadly 
speaking, was based on two lines (a) Bible 
reading and simple moral lessons deduced 
thereform as the religious ideal ; and (6) a 
thorough grounding in the three R's, with 
facilities for the special training of individual 
scholars who gave evidence of extraordinary 
mental endowment." 

In 1869, C. P. Simms was elected a member 
of the Town Council, and ten years later became 
an Alderman, continuing to serve as such till 
increasing deafness led to his retirement in 
1907. As his father had been for many years 
Town Councillor before him, and his son also 
held the same position, the family were con- 
nected with the municipal life of the town 
without a break for considerably over fifty 
years. Concerning this aspect of his life a 
Friend wrote to his son : " There is a great deal 


in the life of a country town to discourage a 
man who is trying to raise it and improve the 
moral and sanitary conditions of the com- 
munity. But your father persevered year in, 
year out, and probably few Chipping Norton 
people have done more in a quiet way to help 
their fellow-townsmen." 

In 1853, Charles Price Simms married 
Maria Long, of Witney. She died soon after 
the birth of his youngest son, in 1870. "It 
was the only time I remember," a cousin writes, 
" when he seemed really knocked over." Of 
their eight children, he lost four one after 
another, just as they were on the verge of man- 
hood, when lingering illness and sudden accident 
added each their part to his grief. Some years 
later he married Eliza Hemmings, of Witney, 
who died suddenly in 1890. By his persever- 
ance and industry he reared a large family with 
very small means in the earlier years, and while 
he afterwards retired on a moderate independ- 
ance, his income was diminished by unexpected 
losses in later life. " Wlien he lost his money," 
another friend tells us, "he felt more than 
anything the withdrawing of subscriptions." 
To the British and Foreign Bible Society, 
the Friends' Foreign Mission Association, and 


many other objects he was ever a cheerful 

Cheerfulness and courage were always 
marked characteristics. When he broke his 
arm in a tricycle accident some three years 
before his death, he quietly remarked, " I will 
never ride down that hill again." He rode 
down others, however, and we could never think 
of him as an old man. Few who have reached 
his years retain " so much to make life worth 
living up to the end." He was walking about 
the town but the week before his death. 
Influenza and bronchitis did their work quickl5^ 
and the long useful life here was ended, leaving 
its lessons of hope and courage to be worked out 
by many another. Many can endorse the words 
written just after his death : " He has been 
known to me for nearly sixty years. His 
cheery, smiling face and kindly words are 
associated with my earliest recollections, and I 
have always felt if ever there was a sincere 
friend and real well-wisher to all who know 
him, he was the one. He was a man who shed 
such an atmosphere of innocent lightheartedness 
wherever he went that no one could come in 
contact with him without feeling the better for 
it. He had set an example all his life worthy 


of in?itation. He had made his influence felt 
for good among his townsfolk and all who knew 
him." We give thanks " for the life so well 
lived, and the testimony for truth and temper- 
ance, righteousness and peace, so courageously 

Elizabeth Sinton, 68 23 6mo. 1910 

Belfast. Widow of Samuel Sinton. 
Samuel Sinton, 67 24 2mo. 1910 

Isabella Skirrow, 70 17 Imo. 1910 

Low Bentham. 
Joseph Slade, 81 12 4mo. 1910 

Portsmouth, of Calne. 
Agnes Smith, 72 22 3mo. 1910 

Glasgow. Widow of John Smith. 
Ebenezer R. Smith. 68 14 3mo. 1910 

John Smith, 57 28 llmo. 1909 

South Shields. 
Louisa Smith, 82 31 3mo. 1910 

Redland, Bristol. A^^idow of Samuel Wyatt 

Mary Smith, 65 6 lOmo. 1909 




William Smith, 82 24 Imo. 1910 

William Smith, 77 24 9mo. 1910 

Rustington, near Worthing. 
William J, Smith, 49 16 Imo. 1910 


Hannah Southall, 82 5 4rno. 1910 

Leominster. An Elder. 

The youngest of a family of four, all of 
whom have reached the ripe age of four-score 
years, Hannah Southall was the first to go. A 
woman of vigorous and striking personality, 
the founder, more than sixty years since, of 
the first Band of Hope in her native town and 
its president to the last ; a Sunday School 
teacher for more than half a centiu'y, and, 
indeed, teaching a class until within a few 
weeks of her death, hers was a life that, in many 
ways, made its impress on the town, a fact to 
which the large numbers attending her funeral 
bore eloquent testimony. 

Daughter of John and Hannah (Burlingham) 
Southall, she came of a family which, for more 
than two centuries, has been intimately associ- 
ated with the life of Leominster, where she was 
born in 1828. As a cliild she was not strong ; 


and her father, a naan of keen, literary tastes, 
being very fond of children, and her affection 
and intelligence specially appealing to him, 
she was much associated with him, to her own 
great advantage. It is true that he indulged 
her to an extent of which her mother did not 
approve ; and it is quite possible that some of her 
school troubles may have been due to this cause. 
On the other hand, it was doubtless largely in 
consequence of her father's influence that her 
mind was filled with love for and interest in 
her fellow -creatures, animal as well as human, 
and her life occupied with useful service. 

Her early education was carried on at home, 
chiefly with a tutor, Joseph Reece, to whom 
she referred, quite recently, as one of the best 
teachers she ever had. He certainly inspired 
those whom he instructed with an eager desire 
for knowledge. In 1839, she was sent to 
Letitia Impey's school at Worcester, where she 
stayed some years ; during which, in 1841, she 
was summoned home to her mother's death- 
bed — her first great grief. " From that time," 
writes one who knew her intimately, " she was 
distinctly asking her way to Zion, with her face 
thitherward." At school she displayed a keen 
appreciation of justice and fairness, together 


with a quick sympathy for the weak and 
oppressed. She despised appearances, and 
ignored conventionalities, and had but little 
regard for authority, especially when, as in her 
case, it was exercised by mistresses who, al- 
though good and clever, had little in common 
with her ; who were strict, and as she thought, 
narrow. The result of such conditions was that 
experiences, both as regards teacher and taught, 
were often stormy. But she was very lovable, 
and she made and kept life-long friendships. 

She was still in her teens when she met 
Ann Hunt, to whom, nearly fifty years later, she 
wrote as follows : — 

" I like to think how much my first and 
memorable visit to Torquay is associated with 
thee. You were lodging on Walden Hill, and 
my father and self and our old servant Ann 
were staying in Beacon Terrace, a place which 
is as little altered as any here, for every avail- 
able space in Torquay is now occupied with 
l)uildings. It is almost half a century ago ; 
and how little did the young girl, to whom thou 
wast so kind, think how much her life would be 
influenced and linked up w4th thine, and that 
tlirough such a long term of partnership. 
Tlie scroll of life has records of tears and smiles, 


joys and sorrows ; and in the midst there are 
mercies countless in number. How many 
there are in mine for which I have to give 
thanks ; among them for that dear friendship 
which, in some sort, began in Torqiiay in 

An extract from another letter to the same 
correspondent touches on a topic on wliicli 
Friends then, as now, evidently held different 
views : — 

" One interesting subject in our Women's 
Yearly Meeting lias been the consideration 
whether women should be admitted to this 
Conference (respecting the causes of the decline 
in our Society). 

" This has been decided against us, although 
some voices pleaded for our admittance. The 
way it was brought forward by the Clerk was 
somewhat irregular, but the conservative part 
of the Men's Meeting had, at least expressed, 
abundant reasons for keeping us out. A sister 
of John Bright said it was ignoring the intelli- 
gence of one half the community." 

No sketch of Hannah Southall's early days 
would be complete without a reference to her 
great love of games, and her youthful eagerness 
in connection with them. She was particularly 


clever at the good old pastime, unhappily now 
seldom heard of, of capping verses. She had 
such a store of quotations, and was so quick 
with them, that no one could keep pace with 
her ; and the charm and sympathetic manner 
of her recitations is still a treasured memory. 

Her schooldays over, she and her sister 
Elizabeth went to live with their father at his 
house called Farm, which, except for an interval 
about 1863, has ever since been their home. 
And there, as has been well said, centred a 
spirit of progress and sympathy and love. In 
1863, after their father's death, the sisters spent 
the winter at Falmouth, where they had a good 
deal of intercourse with the Foxes of Penjerrick, 
especially with Caroline Fox, a personage quite 
after Hannah Southall's o^\^a heart. 

In quite early life the two sisters, with the 
aid of their cousin Priscilla Southall (afterwards 
Burlingham) started a day-school for poor girls, 
for whom there was then no education except 
that of the Dame Schools or the National 
Schools, very few of whose scholars ever got so 
far as to write their names, or to read with under- 
standing, much less with pleasure. The first 
attempt was in the shape of a little class held 
in the la\indry, and taught by her cousins' gov- 


erness, Catherine Trusted. Tiie next step was 
to borrow the Women's Room at the Meeting- 
house. But the number applying for admission 
soon became so large that a room was hired by 
Friends for the purpose, and a teacher specially 
engaged, — an arrangement continued, for the 
girls and infants, until the establishment, in 
Leominster, of the British School. Even after 
that date, the sisters continued to visit and 
teach the children, taking Scripture lessons 
especially ; and at the time of her death, 
Hannah Southall was still a manager of the 

From quite early years, too, she was 
actively associated with the Sunday School 
movement, beginning with an unruly set of 
boys. Although in no sense a disciplinarian — 
a fact due in part, perhaps, to her own youthful 
disregard of authority — she was so truly their 
friend that even in the midst of disorder they 
loved her. As they grew older they still 
remained with her; and "Miss Hannah's" 
became the Young Men's Class at the Adult 
School. It may be observed that the photo- 
graph accompanying this sketch of her life was 
used by the artist in painting the portrait 
presented to her by her Young Men's Bible Class, 


in cominemoration of her fifty years' worlc as a 
Sunday School teacher. A Continental traveller 
in days when such travelling was less easy 
than it is in our time, she had a mind well stored 
for illustrative teaching ; and a visit to 'Egypt 
and Palestine, fourteen years ago, provided her 
with further material. 

In temperance work her Band of Hope 
was pre-eminent. Hundreds of children thus 
passed under her inflvience ; and many are to- 
day standing firm whose first lessons in temper- 
ance were received in what was, for many years, 
the only and always the most numerous Band of 
Hope in the town. She took her part, also, 
in working for Progress and Reform, and her 
very last public address was given as vice- 
president of the Women's Liberal Association. 

Yet with all her social work, we think of 
Hannah Southall primarily in her attitude as a 
Friend. During a whole generation, or even 
more, the question " What will Farm say ? " 
was a consideration always to be taken seriously 
into account in Society arrangements, a vigorous 
influence ever emanating from that home. 
Whether as an official Overseer or otherwise, 
Hannah Southall effectively exercised her 
pastoral gifts. Her sanguine temperament 



enabled her to persevere with the unsatisfactory 
or the erring to a degree beyond what others, 
with less ardent natures, might have ventured 
to attempt. Many of us, alas, are too apt to 
forget the injunction to forgive even until 
seventy times seven, and to lose sight of the fact 
that our Lord would have us despair of no 
man. In later years, as an Elder, her gift of 
encouragement — so much more helpful than the 
commoner gift of blame — was often useful to 
others, while her voice was frequently heard in 
the ministry. In private life, among her 
relatives and friends, she was a wise and loving 
counsellor, and many of them cherish her 
letters among their valued possessions. To 
one of her nieces she wrote : — 

" One thing which I have found in life 
is the way in which interests crowd upon us 
as we get further on, so that life gets richer and 
fuller. After a season, I su^ppose that those 
who live to advanced years find a retrograde 
movement in this respect, and a settling in of 
calm repose. But there is one thing that has 
rather a saddening effect upon me, that, as one 
gains more grasp and comprehension of life, 
life is so short that powers grow less and f aoulties 
weaken. It may be that the meaning of all 


this is to give us in our pilgrimage an incentive 
to look forward to what the Scripture calls 
' beyond the veil,' — the destiny, that some- 
times seems so shadowy, of the immortal soul. 
"Dear L., may thou realise thy own best 
aspirations, and be granted the strength and 
opportunities which are good for thee, in the 
carrying them o\it." 

In Hannah Southall's own life the " retro- 
grade movement " that she spoke of, never 
came, although she lived to be eighty-two. 

The revived work in the ancient Meeting- 
house at Almeley lay very near her heart. 
Often have the two sisters spent a week or two 
in the picturesque old family residence near by 
the meeting-house, and from there have 
mothered the work in a way that has left life- 
long impressions. For many years she was a 
useful member of the Friends' Foreign Mission 
Board ; and for a shorter time served on the 
Friends' Home Mission Committee. She was 
the last Clerk of the Women's Meeting of 
Western Quarterly Meeting, and for long 
was an active member of the Small Meet- 
ings Committee. 

One who has knowm her well for many years 
writes : " Her persistence in work for others 


served as a stimulus to many of a less strenuous 
make of mind. What she was to some of us, 
who were younger, can never be told. She was 
never shocked by any crudeness of thought, 
or ignorance of facts, and her interest was 
always keen for others' interests. Anything 
mean or thoughtless, or unkind, roused her 
indignation, and then I have never seen righteous 
indignation so complete ! Her beautiful face 
lighted up, and her words came strong and 
emphatic. On leaving school, I came into a 
circle of grown-up people and little children, 
and without these two relatives my mind would 
have missed much. They gave me work 
to do. We studied German together. They 
lent me books I should never have seen at 
home, — Newman's 'Apologia,' ' Ecce Homo,' 
Robertson's Sermons, ' Romola,' ' Middle- 
march,' ' Jane Eyre,' ' John Inglesant,' 
and many others as they came out. The 
Crimean and the Franco-German Wars, Peace, 
the franchise, every subject of the passing day, 
was of lively interest in that house, and this 
intellectual vivacity never ceased. When I 
last saw her, three months ago, there was the 
same bright mind, the same loving interest, the 
same sweet face, though the outward frame 


was faded and frail, and a great gentleness had 
come instead of the old vigour. She was a 
very exceptional woman, and much beloved 
by us all," 

She has passed, but her work and her 
ideals live. There remains a fragrant memory 
of kindly service fulfilled, in active effort on 
behalf of the poor and needy and undeserving, 
in abundant hospitality to all sorts and con- 
ditions, and in loving sympathy with all the 
creatures of the Heavenly Father. 

Charlotte Stone, 83 21 12mo. 1900 

Grendon Infirmary, Exeter. Widow of James 

Harriet Storey, 95 13 7mo. 1910 

Norwich. Widow of Edmund Storey. 
Sarah L. Strangman, 08 15 9mo. 1910 

Shangarry, Co. Cork. Widow of Thomas 

Wilson Strangman. 
Samuel M. Strange, 08 9 7mo. 1910 

Parkstone, Dorset, of Stroud. An Elder. 
Annie Sturge, 77 1 5mo. 1910 

Charlhury. Wife of Joseph Marshall Sturge. 
Clement S. Sutton, 81 30 3mo. 1910 

Great Orton, Cumberland. 


Mary E. Swain, 33 13 5mo. 1910 

Moira, Co. Antrim, of Megdberry Meeting. 

Wife of Sames Swain, jun. An Elder. 
Edward Tangye, 77 8 12mo. 1909 

Mary Anna Tarver, 91 24 llmo. 1909 

Sihford. Widow of Joseph Tarver. 
Ellen Taylor, 70 6 9mo. 1910 

Barnsley. Wife of James Taylor. 
Horace Teasdale, 7 weeks 23 Imo. 1910 

Bishop Auckland. Son of John W. and Mary 


Henry Tennant, 86 25 omo. 1910 

There are said to be those who hold that 
religion and business are things altogether 
incompatible, and that cannot go together. 
And it is unfortunately true that there are men 
w^ho in private life are kindness and generosity 
itself, but who seem actuated by quite a differ- 
ent spirit when it comes to be a question of 
business. And yet it has been said, with great 
force and truth, that a religion which is con- 
fined to one day of the week, or to times and 
seasons set apart by common consent ; a religion 
which a man may be said to take off with his 



Sunday coat and which he forgets until the week 
comes round again, is worth nothing, and less 
than nothing. Our religion, indeed, is of no 
value at all unless we can carry it into oiu* 
daily concerns, into our business lives, and into 
the common affairs of the workaday world. 

Those who knew Henry Tennant are well 
aware that his was a true and practical and 
living religion, guiding and controlling his 
actions, his work, and all the details of his 
busy life. His was a great career. For the 
last thirty years of the nineteenth century 
he was one of the foremost figures in the British 
railway world. The story of his life is in great 
degree the story of the North-Eastern Railway. 
He was largely instrumental in effecting the 
amalgamation of the small systems out of which 
that great company grew. He was from the 
first one of its principal officials ; and it was 
he who in large measure initiated and directed 
the policy which has resulted in such splendid 
success for the combined undertaking. 

It has been well said that Henry Tennant 
the railway pioneer was a notable figure, but 
that Henry Tennant, the man and the citizen, 
wore the white flower of a blameless life. 
Brilliant as were his professional achievements. 


those who knew him rated still higher the nobihty 
of his character, his unfaiUng courtesy to all 
alike, whether gentle or simple, his kindness of 
heart, his ready assistance in time of need, his 
cheerful acceptance of civic responsibilities, his 
enthusiastic support of every cause that made 
for righteousness, and that could contribute 
to the welfare of his fellows. His private 
charities, too, were many, and altogether un- 
known to the world in general. He never spoke 
of matters of that kind, being in that respect, 
as, indeed, in everything else, the most modest 
of men. Distinguished and honoured and 
valued as he was, he was a man of beautiful 
simplicity of character, and of the most trans- 
parent sincerity. 

Born in 1823, in the little village of Counter- 
side, Henry Tennant's early home was thus 
near that of Dr. Fothergill, near the tarn of 
Seamerwater, high up in Wensleydale, North 
Yorkshire, in the Valley of the Ure. He was 
sent to school at Ackworth, — then so difficult 
of access that he had to start from home at 
two o'clock in tlie morning in order to complete 
the journey Mdthin the day — and he left school 
when he was fifteen. There is reason to believe 
that as a bov he showed a decided taste for 


mechanical things. But those were days when 
children were repressed rather than encouraged, 
and when they were by no means studied and 
developed as they are at the present day. And 
Henry Tennant, quite against his own inclin- 
ations, made his start in life as apprentice to a 
draper in Newcastle. His true career, however, 
may be said to have commenced in 1844, when, 
as a junior clerk, he entered the service of the 
Brandling Junction Railway. That was the 
beginning. He rose to be General Manager of 
the vast North-Eastern system, and, later, to be 
Joint Deputy-Chairman, and the most trusted 
and experienced adviser on the Board. 

The year 1844 may be said to have marked 
an epoch in the history of railway engineering, 
for it was then that the Thames and the Tyne 
were first connected by a railroad. A point of 
great interest aboiit this memorable event is 
that the first through train that ran from 
Euston to Gateshead accomplished the 303 
miles at an average speed of forty-five miles 
an hour : a remarkable achievement for that 
early day. Another point, significant of a 
period of small enterprises, is that the train 
had to run over the lines of eight different 


In 1846, Henry Tennant joined the staff 
of the Leeds and Thirsk Railway Company ; 
and when the line was partly opened two years 
later, the directors placed the entire manage- 
ment of its traffic in his hands. In 1847, he 
married Mary Jane Goundry ; and in 1897, 
after fifty years of happy married life, spent in 
works of usefulness and philanthropy, the pair 
celebrated their Golden Wedding, being then 
the recipients of many warm congratulations. 
Mary J. Tennant died ten years ago, and they 
left no children. 

The next few years witnessed a fierce com- 
petition between the groups of small Northern 
railway companies, in the course of which tlie 
rival lines lowered their fares until, for instance, 
it was possible to travel from Leeds to New- 
castle, and back, a distance of not far short of 
200 miles, for two shillings ! The contest w^as 
long and severe ; but in the end, largely through 
the efforts of Henry Tennant, who displayed 
infinite resource and patience during the pro- 
tracted negotiations, the companies were 
amalgamated, and the combined lines have since 
been known as the North-Eastern Railway. 
On the completion of the arrangement, Henry 
Tennant was made Chief Accountant to the new 


companj^ and he held that position until 1871, 
when he was appointed General Manager, a 
post which he filled with honour and distinction 
for twenty years. He now removed from 
Newcastle to York, on whose station platform 
liis tall and slender figvu-e, his flowing white 
lieard, his genial smile, his quiet, dignified, yet 
fully alert manner were long familiar. 

Henry Tennant may be said to have been 
the pioneer of that idea of community of railway 
interests which, of late years, has taken hold 
so widely of the public mind. He saw the 
advantage of it when others were but beginning 
to feel their way. From 1853 onwards he 
constantly strove, sometimes in the face of 
strong opposition, to give effect to this principle, 
until the great network of lines, more than 
forty in number, between the Humber and the 
Tweed, became practically one system, to the 
great advantage of North-east Yorkshire, 
Durham and Tyneside, the enormous develop- 
ment of whose industries has been assisted and 
fostered by the North-Eastern Railway Com- 
pany, under his able direction. Nor must it be 
thought that he was only administrator and 
financier. His influence was felt in every depart- 
ment of the service. Immediately on assuming 


the General Management he introduced the block 
telegraph system, which has done so much for 
the safety and efficiency of the traffic. The 
" Tennant " locomotive, again, was long a 
popular type of express railway engine. 

A very remarkable feature of his career 
was his success as a negotiatior. This was 
conspicuous, not only in dealing with railway 
companies, but in settling disputes with the 
men. In the labovir troubles which from time 
to time in the past have caused much concern 
to the management, as they do to-day, his tact 
and courtesy, patience and perseverance, enabled 
him to settle innumerable minor differences. 
But he was no advocate for peace at any price. 
It has been said of him that he was a born 
fighter. He himself was fond of quoting a 
remark that was once made in reference to some 
action of his own : — " If you want a good 
fighting m«,n, commend me to a Quaker." On 
the other hand, he would never fight for fight- 
ing's sake. He was eminently a pacificator 
and conciliator. But when it was a question 
of principle, he was as firm as steel. He knew, 
too, exactly how far he could carry his own 
views by argument without straining the bonds 
of friendship. It was a characteristic maxim 


witVi him that no letter composed under the 
influence of anger should be despatched on the 
day it was written. " Keep it till the next 
morning," he would say, " and then read it 
over again." It is a rule that more than one 
hot-tempered man has found useful. But 
conciliator as he was, he never failed to put his 
foot down firmly when he felt that the manage- 
ment had right on its side. For example, in 
the great strike of engine-drivers, some thirty 
years since, having satisfied himself of the 
justice of the Company's position, he was in- 
flexible, and the strike collapsed. It is very 
significant that while the directors, on his retire- 
ment from the G-eneral Managership, presented 
him with £10,000 as a mark of their appre- 
ciation and good-will, the employees spon- 
taneously subscribed for and presented him 
with a carriage and a service of silver plate. 

Not only was Henry Tennant liighly 
distinguished as Manager of the North-Eastern, 
but he was regarded as one of the most eminent 
railway experts of his time ; and his advice 
and counsel were eagerly sought for by other 
companies. He was, for instance. Chairman, 
during the whole period of its construction, of 
the Central London Railway, tlie first electric 



line in the Metropolis. He acted as Com- 
missioner for the Government in several railway 
matters, and as Arbitrator for them on other 
occasions. In fact, no Royal Commission or 
Government inquiry relating to railway con- 
cerns seemed complete without his evidence. 
He possessed valuable qualities as a witness 
in the Parliamentary Committee Room, where 
he was a very familiar figure, for he was always 
certain of his facts and his case. He was 
absolutely impertvtrbable. Under the severest 
cross-examination his head "was as cool as an 
algebraical problem." He possessed, more- 
over, an uncommon gift of reticence, which he 
frequently employed to the discomfiture of his 
interrogators. Thoroughness was a distinguish- 
ing trait of his character. He left nothing to 
chance, but paid the most scrupulous attention 
to the minutest details as well as to the general 
principles. He attributed much of his success 
as a railway expert to the fact that he never 
took anything for granted. He carefully 
verified every statement before he made it, and 
proved all the figures which he laid before a 

Although pre-eminently a railway man, 
Henry Tennant found time for work in other 


fields, in all of which he achieved distinction. 
His were qualities which would have brought 
him success in any career. He was a director 
of the York City and County Bank, and was its 
Chairman for many years ; bringing to bear 
upon its concerns the intellectual acumen, 
shrewd business capacity and ripe experience 
of a great railway director. And under his 
administration it became the largest provincial 
bank without headqviarters in London. WTien 
the company was amalgamated with the London 
Joint Stock Bank he accepted a seat on the 
Board. He was also Chairman of the Hull and 
Netherlands Steamship Company, and he took 
an active part in many other commercial 

As a young man he took a great interest 
in politics, and in covu-se of time became a 
dominant force in local LiberaUsm. He might 
have been member for York, if he would have 
consented to become a candidate. His was the 
true Liberalism. He held that the stability of 
the empire depended on the development of our 
moral and intellectual resources. He was not 
a Home Ruler, and, indeed, separated from 
his party on the question, for a time, althougli 
he never allied himself with the Conservatives. 


Returning latterly to the Liberal ranks, he 
rendered good service to tlie cause of Free 
Trade, He was warmly interested in Edu- 
cation, and in the causes of Temperance and 
International Peace. It was mainly through 
his influence that the York School Board was 
formed, in 1883 ; and he served as its Vice- 
Cliairman until its absorption into the City 
Education Committee, twelve years later. 
It has been said of him that he was always the 
leader of a minority, but that he led it in such 
a way that his sagacity and diplomacy and 
clever debating power, together with his wide 
and generous outlook, often gave to the minority 
all the power of a majority. He was one of the 
most ardent, as he was one of the best known, 
leaders of the Temperance Movement in the 
North of England. He was President of the 
North Eastern Railway Temperance Society 
up to the time of his death, and the members 
all looked up to him as a warm friend. 

In 1892, Henry Tennant was President of 
the Ackworth Old Scholars' Association, and a 
passage in liis address to the members may 
be said to give a clue to the secret of that 
success as a conciliator which so conspicu- 
ously attended him through life. "If, in our 


dealings," he said, " we duly consider what is 
just, and base our actions in accordance there- 
with, then this recognition of the claims of 
Christianity, with a little of that worldly wisdom 
referred to, in the injunction, ' Be ye therefore 
wise as serpents,' would undoubtedly be the 
best preparation for meeting, and, as far as 
possible, solving our many difficulties." While 
shrewd and far-seeing in matters of policy, he 
was a most warm-hearted man, endowed with 
a gentle and affectionate nature, capable of 
ardent friendsliips, and exercising a potent 
personal charm over all who came within the 
circle of his acquaintance. A life-long and 
consistent Friend, yet seldom speaking of the 
deeper things of life, Henry Tennant was 
emphatically one who always strove for the 
extension of the Kingdom of Righteousness ; 
and as he found joy in the earthly service of the 
King of Kings, so now he has passed into the 
greater and higher service with Him who 
showed him the path of life, in " Whose presence 
is fulness of joy," and " at Whose right hand 
there are pleasures for evermore." 

Jeremiah Thistlethwaite, 

Great Ayton. 83 19 4mo. 1910 



Frank Thompson, 53 30 6mo. 1910 

South port, of Brighouse Monthly Meeting. 
Alfred Thomson, 75 25 6mo. 1910 

Lydia Mary Thomson, 64 14 Imo. 1910 

At York, of Long Sutton. Widow of James 

Eliza Jane Thwaites. 72 16 7mo. 1910 

Sedbergh. Wife of Thomas Thwaites. 
Hill Tolerton, 93 11 2mo 

Colcush, Grange, Ireland. 
Frederick M. Twyman, 71 

Mary Waddington, 90 

Penwortham, near Preston. Widow of Joseph 

John Henry Walker, 39 12 3mo. 1910 

Apsley Guise, Bedfordshii'e. 
Joseph John Walker, 70 10 12mo. 1909 

Hannah Wallis, 87 13 

Wakefield. Widow of Isaac 

An Elder. 
James Walls, 58 22 

George Walton, 65 8 2mo. 1910 


13 9mo. 

29 7mo. 



Imo. 1910 
Gray Wallis. 

4mo. 1910 


Elizabeth J. Warner, 





York, of Hertford Meeting. 

Widow of 



David Warren, 






Gertrude Watson, 





Kendal. Daughter 

of John 




Samuel H. W^atson, 





Terenure, Co. Dublin. 

An Elde] 

John Nugent Wells, 






Ernest B. Wetherall 

, 35 





Thomas Wherritt, 



11 mo. 



Kose Ann Whitfield, 





Lurgan. Widow of Thomas "Wliitfield. 

David Whyte, 74 17 3mo. 1910 

Glasgow. An Elder. 
Jessie Whyte, 76 18 7mo. 1910 

Glasgow. Widow of David Whyte. 

David and Jessie Whyte, in naany ways 
lovely in their lives, and not long separated 


by death, were known by but a limited circle 
of friends. These few, however, feel that it 
is due to their niGmory to place on record a 
brief account of both. 

In early life, to judge from his own remarks. 
David Whyte, who was a man of small stature 
and deformed in body, strayed far from the 
Father's fold ; but he was mercifully brought 
back, and he became, in after years, a notable 
example of patience and devotion. It was 
beautiful to see his constant and thoughtful 
care of his wife, who, through severe rheumatism, 
was, for more than twenty years, a confirmed 
invalid. She, for her part, became, to those 
who visited her in her affliction, a preacher of 
righteousness and of true content. Their 
sympathy and vinity with each other tended to 
widen their sympathies towards others who were 
in trouble ; and they gave freely, of their limited 
means, even to a degree beyond what, to some 
who knew them, seemed to be right. But in 
what they did they were enabled to be helpful 
to very many ; and it may be truly said of 
them that they were faithful stewards of that 
which had been committed to their charge. 

To David Wliyte the summons came as in 
a moment. With his wife the close was not so 


swift. But the decease of both had to their 
friends a sense of happy release, accompanied 
by a feehng of joyful thankfulness that, after 
holding on their way steadfastly to the end, 
they were freed at length from weariness and 
pain and sorrow. Their removal from this 
sphere in life has left in many hearts a blank 
which it will not be easy to fill ; but sorrow at 
their departure is far outweighed by the comfort- 
ing assurance that they have passed from 
suffering to reward. 

Elizabeth Wight, 65 16 llmo. 1909 

Darlington. Wife of Thomas Wight. 

William Williams, 78 7 7mo. 1910 

John H. Willmore, 71 2 Imo. 1910 

Alexander Wilson, 76 1 3mo. 1910 

Harry Wilson, 36 19 2mo. 1910 

Banbury. Son of Reuben Wilson. 
John Wilson 69 20 8mo. 1910 

East Ardsley, Wakefield. 
Alfred C. Wiseman, 60 13 12mo. 1909 



Godfrey E. WooDHEAD, 8mos.'4 2mo. 1910 

Felixstowe. Son of Edwin G. and Kathleen 

M. C. Woodhead. 
Elizabeth Woolston, 71 16 Imo. 1910 

Wellinghorough . 
James Wormall, 89^27 9mo. 1909 

Ilfracomhe, of Levies and Chichester Monthly 

Quaker Longevity 


Readers of the '' Annual Monitor " 
look with interest every year at the Table 
which gives the average age at death of 
those members of the Society who have 
died in recent years. 

A very interesting and instructive 
Table has been prepared from the 
carefully kept records of the Friends' 
Provident Institution. It was anticipated 
when the Institution was founded in 
1832, that the well-known longevity of 
Friends would be a very favourable 
factor in a Life Assurance Society which 
issued many of its policies on the lives 
of Friends. 

The following figures show how 
remarkable this longevity is : — 




of Actual to 

" Expected " 


AKe at 

1905 . 

. 150 .. 


. 75 . 

• 65 

1906 . 

. 153 •• 


. 59 ' 

• 67 

1907 . 

. 156 .. 


. 81 . 

• 67 

1908 . 

. 157 .. 


. 68 . 

■ 65 

1909 . 


• 49 . 

• 72 

^By the British Offices Table, which is founded upon the mortality 
experience of the best Life Offices in the United Kingdom. 

TpHIS extra longevity is a valuable asset which 
is contributing every year to the Surplus 
available for distribution as Bonus. All persons 
who take out Life or Endowment Assurance 
Policies in the Friends' Provident Institution 
participate in the results of this great advantage. 
The next Division of Profits will take place at the 
end of 191 2. 

Head Office - BRADFORD