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Full text of "The annual register, or, A view of the history, politics, and literature for the year .."

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This hook hclouged to the 

l<f te Hugh FJivanlE^cr ton 
Beit Professor of Qolom.,1 
History />/ the I ^/li-vcrsity of 
Oxford from 1 905 to \ 920 



>, 




ANNUAL REGISTER, 

OE A VIEW OF THE 

HISTORY, 
POLITICS. 

AND 

LITERATURE, 

For the YEAR 1812. 



LONDON: 



PRINTSU rOK W, OTRIDGB AKD»ON} J. CUTHELL J 8. JEFITBRT J J, B?LE } 
B. AND R. CROSBY AMD CO. ; LJlCKlNOTON, ALLEN, AND CO.; LONUHAN, 

jAtBtT, iMBs, oRifB, AKu exowN ; J. aspbrne; cradock akd joy ; 

SHBflWOUD, SBRLT, AMUJONBS; J. PAlTLDSR ; .VttD J. rOHy«,^ AND CO. 




\ 




PREFACE. 



FN the long and disastrous annals of the war 
which has now become almost habitual to £u-^ 
rope, the present year will be peculiarly memorable 
on account of the radety diid importance of its 
events — events, hounever, more striking in their 
occurrence, than decisive of the important concerns 
depending upon the issue of the contest. Of these, 
ihe most prominent in magnitude and interest wa« 
uodoubtedly the invasion of one great empire by 
the collected force of the still greriter empire, 
which in its spread had left itself no other adequate 
antagonist. The conflagration of a capital, the 
horrid carnage consequent upon weli-fought battles 
between countless hosts, the still more lavish and 
lamentable waste of lives occasioned by the rigours 
of winter combining with the distresses of retreat, 
and the inglorious flight of a leader who scarcely 
ever before returned without fame and conquest 
fmn his daring expeditions, form scenes of tragic 
grandeur which the drama of human affairs hat 
firely presented in modern times on the civilized 

fftrU of the globe. 

The 



'<■ 



iv PREFACE. 

The pcniDSuIar war has likewise been carried on 
With unusual vigour; and the storming of mo 
strong fortresses, with an action in the field of 
greater magnitude than had beforjc occurred be- 
tween the chief contending parties, followed by 
the liberation of the southern provinces of Spain 
from its invaders, offer splendid mateiials to the 
military historian of this period. At the same 
tsiiAe, tlie adoption of free governmein>ts in Spain 
and Sicily will equally interest the pbilosopbical 
observer, provided their duration shali correspon^^ 
with the xeal displayed in their eatabJishment. 

Aiother event which has added to the confuiiott 
fad calamity of the times, and perhaps will be the 
parent of consequences more mome^itous than any 
i«hich are yet apparent, is the unfortunate cotti- 
i^enceiikCBt of a war between Great B'ritain, sknd 
tko&e Tra^isatlantic States to which she gave birth, 
and has communicated the most valuable of her 
treasures, her laws and liberty. To this country, 
indeed, the war has been little more than an addi* 
tion to its drains and losses; but to the Unite4 
States its contin'uance must prove a severe trialof 
the strength of that federal union which hashitherta 
GQBtributed so essentially to their prosperity aiia 
security, and will probabty give origm lo thoA 
^ evils which press so heavily upon all old goveri^ 
inputs. 

la domestic history the present ye»r will I)€ i^iv- 
tinguished as that which by reunithfig alt t^'pW^ro 

of 



of the crown in the person of the Prince RegjTsnt, 
has made an actual commencement of a new reign, 
and afforded a sufficient criterion of the spirit iii 
u'iiich it is likely to be conducted. It has also put 
to the test the strength of the different political 
parties ; and by weighing them all in the balance, 
has demonstratively proved the existence of a pre* 
ponderating mass of power which reduces them to 
com|>arative insignificance. After all the com- 
plaints of the want of '* a strong and effective ad- 
ministration," that ministry lias been continued 
which gave rise to these complaints; and no want 
of strength or efficacy has appeared in carrying 
through the measures determined upon by the go- 
vernment. Difficulties, it is true, have occurred 
respecting certain political points, hut they have 
been such as it required rather wisdom than power 
to adjust. The intestine disorders w hich have per* 
vaded a considerable tract of the manufacturing 
districts, and which assumed a character of daring 
and ferocity unprecedented among the lower classes 
in this country, have been happily quelled by a firm 
but lenient exertion of authoritv ; and the record 
of them may serve to exemplify the dangers at- 
tending a population forced by prosperous trade 
greatly beyond its natural level, whenever the 

ipurces of em.ployment are cut off, or maintenance 

it 

j^ rendered unusuallv difficult hv the exorbitant 
price of the necessaries of life. This last cause has 
prevailed during this year to a degree almost be- 



-^^..v* iicv;cssary to make any furtlu 
the plan; and we are l«ap|)y in being 
and even to surpass, the (expectations 
future early appearance of our annua 



».••.. 



CONTENTS 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



CHAPTER I. 

The Prince Regent* t Speech. — Addresset thereon &nd Delates. — Thanks to^ 
Lord Minio.State of the Kings Heaith.-^Dehate on CoL M'Mahon^s 
appointmeni i^f Paymaster of ffldows^ Pmmom.-^DistUUfy Bili. []} 

CHiVP. 11. 

Bills relative #» the Km^s Household, and Debates thereon [1 1 j 

CHAP. III. 

Bill /or a Nightly Watch in Londonj^Dtbate on ike Droits ^ Mmiralty- 
— Motion for inpiiring into the Jurisdiction of the Bc^siattical , 
Courts, .... .• •• •• •• •• J90j 

CHAP. IV. 

Motion on the State ftf Ireland.^New Bill to prohibit tkegrmmHng ^Offi- 
oes in Reversion, — Bills for the Punishment of Framm^eaktng, and for 
the Preseroation of the Peace in the County ^ Nottingham . . [^] 

CHAP. V. 

Debate <m tke JSmm^mn of Mr, Walsh.-^Renemal of the Odd Otin ajitd 
BiMk^Xoii mtC-^Motion tf lord Bormgdoi^ for an Ejfident AdminU- 
trnt^ia^-^^Pfwdsionftrtk^Pfisumue .. .. Jjrol 



_ ^.- •f»c uarracK r^sit, 
luiiitary Vurnhhrncnts 



CHAP. VIII. 

Motions ((f Lord Donoughmorc and Mr, Gratian J 
Hon ike Catholic Claims, ^^Rtf trench to Gomm 

' Peiiiions against the Orders m Coviict'/.— M 
Henry* s Mission to the United States ^-Motion 
Exchequer, — Mr, Brand's Motion respecting Eh 

* tSntre •• •• •• •• •• 



CHAP. IX. 
AuassinaHon of Mr, Perceval^ and Parliamentary 1 

CHAP. X. 

Mr- WortUy^ motion for an Efficient Administrat 
' Xew Administration^ and Discussions in Parlian 
Repeal qfthe Orders in Council 

CHAP. XL 

tk§iiudget ^. ,, 

CHAP. XII. 

Petitions respecting the renewal rf the Ea*t Indi* 
BUI for the i^«-— *•- '* * 



CONTENTS. J% 

prevent the Escape qf French PriMonm. — Cottversation en Ovcrter«f 

jTro/A the French Emperor. — Prince Rege/U's Speech on the Prerogaiieu iff 

PariioiMent .. .• .. . .. .. i^M 

CHAP. XIV. 

Donesiic Occurrences. — Negrciaiiont for a Change in the AdMiniHra^ 
/;^,i. — Disiuriances in the Country. — Affairs of the Irish CathaUctir^ 
Dissolution of Parliament and General Election .. .. £189 J 

CHAP. XV. 

Sacal Affiiirx. — Capture of La Corctjre. — Of La Pomone and a store tUp.*-^ 
Loss of the Manilla and Laurel. — Capture of the Merinos. — Of tie Hi- 
iote. — Of a Flotilla off Dieppe. — Destruction of two French Frigate$ ftsd 
u Brig near t Orient. — Of a Danish Squadron near Mardoe. — CeHeoy 
brought out of Languillia. — Another attempt at the same phce.'^Tke 
Attack Brig taken by the Danes. . . . / [^3^1 

CHAP. XVI. 

War in the Peninsula. — Valencia tahen ly the French. — Their failure at 

Tariffa. — Lord ^Fellingtons Inecslmcnt of Ciudad llodrigo. — Capture of 

that place by Storm. — Attempt on Tarragona. — Further Success of ike 

French in P'alencia. — Invest lAcnt of Badajos^ by Lord fFellingtemi—^ 

Iti Capture. — Irruption of the French into Portugal. — Successes qf Span* 

i.*h patties. — Expedition of General Hill to .-llmaraz — Defeat of BattMS' 

ieros at Bornos. — Capture of Lequitio. — .idrance of Ijord tVellington to 

Siiluiuanca. — Capture of its Forts. — Marmont's Advance. — Rattle^ Sala* 

manca.--Retreal amd Pursuit of the French. — Valludolid entered.^-Mkir 

of Cavalry at Ribera. — Allitd Army enters Madrid. — Port la CAtita 

taken. — Astoria capitulates. — Blockade of Cadiz broken tip,^-^Biltoa eua- 

cuated. — SfVuU recorcrrd by the Allics.^—Lord IVeli'nigton advances to 

Burgot. — Failure of Attempts to take its Castle. — French collect and 

advance. — Retreat of the Allied .4rmy which returns to Frcynada. — Trans" 

actions of the Spanish Cortes and Regency. — Public Signature of the 

Constitution. — Settle mtut of th* Succession. — Lord Ifellington appemted 

Commander'in-Chief of the Spariish Armies. — Ballast eros displaced.'— 

Affairs of Portugal. ., .. .. .. [l43j 

- CHAP. XVII. 

Vrance. — Decree concerning Valrucia.^— French Occupation of Swedish 

Pomrrania. — Report by Murat. — March of the Army towards Poland. — 

' Treaty tritk Prussia — Decree in favour of America. — Napoleon arrive* ai 

jyanitie.'—Sefociations.^^Trraty wtth Austria. — Papers relative to tht 

— Ki. JD^erences with Russia.-^ Athancf qfthe French to IFilna. — Polish Did 

at. 't-*mi§d Cotifederation.'^Rigfij, — Alliance hftceen England^ Russia^ and Sme- 

ix \ ' >Afii RmHJMM quit their camp on the Duna, and French cross that river.— 

} «» .'■ ^f mriem Attiuu.^^Dunaberg taken. ^^Smolensko carried by the French.— 

In? ^ ^ Actio) 



Action of Faieniina.'^Aduance towardif MosctnC'^'-Gremt Battle qfBon*^ 
^tino. '^French enter Motcow. — Coriflagrution of that Capiiai. — Enitrprine 

. ^ihe Garrison -ai Risa. — Alarmsat Petersktrg.^-*- Advanced Guard of the 
Ikinch d^eated. — Moscow evacuated. — Success of fVit^enstein ai Pa* 
loizk, — Conspiracy at Paris. — Negoriations attempted with the Russiant^ 
"^^^French retreat .-^ynrious Actions. — Davoust and Ney rf^'fo/cc?.— -' 
I}rea4fut Sufferings oj the French. — Napoleon quits the Army, and arrive^ . 
•«f Pmiij'^Addresses qf the Senate and Council, and replies. — Con^ 

' tlusion. .. .. .. .. .. . ,. n^^J * 

CHAP. XVIII. 

Rustia.'-War with Turkey. -r-Treaty of Peace. — Treaties Ufith Sweden and 
' Eugland.'^French Invasion and netreat. — Sweden ; its policy. — Diet.— 
Treaty with England, — Warlike preparations. — Denmark.' — Austria^^ 
Btingarian Diet. — Germany. — Sicily; its new Constitution. — TV? . 

sCI/ > •» •• •. .. »• •• ''L f'il 

CHAP. XIX. 

United States <if America. — Resolutions in favour qf War. — Mr. Gallatin*^ i^ 
Buds^et. — Correspondence between Messrs. Foster and Monroe, — Animor - 
STty increased by H^ry's Mission. — Act for an Embargo. ^-^Other tf^ar 
Measures. — Opposition. — War declared. — State qf Votes. — Action with,., 
the Belvidere Frigate. — Disturbance near Montreal. -^Con^ress adjourn- 
ed. — Riot and Massacre at Baltimore. — General Hilts incursion int^ 
Canada^ and Capture. — Refusal qf the President to cof\firm an Armis- 
tice. — Capture qfthe Guerriere.'^ Letters of Maraue issued by England.^-^ 
American Anttgallican parties. — Dqfeat and Capture of Gen. Wads^ 
worth. — Congress re*a$sembled. — President's Message. — Engagements be- 
tmeen the Frolic and Wasp, and the Macedonian and United States.-^ 
General Dearborn's advance to Champlain. — Bhckade qf the Chcippeuk. 
and Delaware. .. .. .. « [^9^} 

CHAP. XX. . 

Spamsh America. — Buenos Ayres and Montevideo. — Fenezueia. — Surrender. 
qf Carracae, and Cofmter^revolution — Mexico. — Conspiracy at . Fera I 
Cruz.-^eru.'^West India Islands. — Jamaica. — Dominica' — East in- 
dies. — Surrender qf Kallinjur.-^-^Java. — Conspiracy at Travancore.-^ .-. 
Mauritius. — Persia. .. .. .. .. ., l20i)J *' 

CHAP. XXI. - 

Meeting^ the New Parliament. — Regenft Speech and Debates thersori. — ^^. 
Thanks (md Grant to Lord Wellington.— Renewal qf the Gold Qnn Bill.—\ ; 
Motion on the German Legion. — Prin^ Regent If Message respecting n J 
4irant t» Russia, and Debates. .. .. .... i>|<* * 

- cmoam 



^ -- 



C«»nXNTS. 



CHRONICLE. 1 

i» 

11* 



tr DMtht 



^ 



APPENDIX TO CHRONICLE. 

TtnJrtnH the London Ga:rlte . . 

He CmtraL Alts of PartiamenI 

artailt Trialt and Lea Catet ., 

nti ,.. 

Im Bill of Mnrfntitii 817 

t of SUclu far rarh' Month 318 

taf Bankiuptciei 310 

age Price of Cora and Quartern Loaf 3S0 

par^he tialrment of Pnpalation 3SI 

^Um Ma/t4tf'i Mauilert 3t$ 

pnlogicai Rrgittcr 33S 



STATE PAPr^RS. 

I. BRITISH. 
P^Mcr Regeiifr Speech, Jan. 7 
■rjTvmIke 



egtnfT Speech, Jan. 7 Mil 

of the Quern'i Coancil respecting hi, Majeslii's ITeallh 32« 
\e Prince Ji.gent lo Ike Duke ofYurk. and Answer from 

LoriU Grey and Grcnviltc 32g 

mgefram the Prince Urgent reiptrting Lord Wrllinglon . . 3:*^ 

— rfsptttine the I'rincasei .. ,. 333 

H •■ ri* Nigil'l/ Ifatrk and Police nfthe Mitropolis .. .•« j 

t^A^iMtheOrdrr, of Council 339 

Sk^ttlie PeliHon to the Prince Regerjf 343 

tattjfhni Ike Prinze Regent reipccling' Mr. PercenaClJatfilg ., 34fi 

W^^lmtiaeto Lord Liverpool a Proposal fa Marquii IVellrsleu 346 
W reimthe to the Negociationt of Marqaii ffcileilea and Earl 

Mmirm Ah- f-^^ng o ncu /Umtnijfr^^n 360 

h« Prince Regent 379 

iminCouwl .. .. . -,...37fl . 

ten Great. Sritain and Rutua .. ... 3fl.l. 

•eta Great _ Britain and imeden 3M 

xk on ProTogKtng parliament, •- .....* 3fi^ 
Commillt* iff the Hauit of Ldrdi on the dUvrhed 

3BS 

Kmhar^ 



corr.?;,;^-;;;; j;;^i;;';,''^tT ^"/'""^/^p-o 

Fr„.,, Decree r^^^^^ ^ J [':;;^Xu ''''"' 
Mtisage of the PustdfutofiL ir,';', .j e/L 

P»>cr„„atu>n of the Emperor Ale :canA„ ^ t^, ^ 
^''* 'if the Sicilian ConttitutiTn '"' *'*"* 

^*'l"»<'tto*,lf the Emperor Ale:tundcr " 

i;;' CHARACTERS. 

^racier of John Knox 
%^f^ncen{ de Paul . 
OodorL^tUn 

MANNERS, CUSTOMi 

OF NATIONS AND CLASSES Oi 

Me ^r«( PimUt 
^^i^ Hf thw Carocuf ' 

Me Idriots 



• • 






CONTENTS. xiU 



NATURAL HISTORY. 

"Sarratice of tue Eruption qfa Folcanu in the Sea off the Island of St. 

]dichaei . . . . . . 485 

Om some Exotics which endure the open Air in Devonshire , . 488 

Account of the Vicuna .. .. .. •« 4g0 

Ou the Coral Fishery in the Sicilian Seas . . , . 494^ 



USEFUL PROJECTS AND IMPROVEMENTS, 

Om /he Management of the Onion . , , . , . qOt 

Oh the Cultication of the Red Beet . . MM 

Remarks on pruning and training standard Apple and Pear Deet 6d4 

Hen tugs cured in the Dutch Mode on British Vessels • . • . tM 

MISCELLANIES. 

Some Particulars respecting the Arithmetical Powers ofZerah Colbwm 50t 
Account of Seldens Mare Clausum .. .• ..519 

I^cscription of Teheran .. .. .. •• 5 16 

tyt^cTiptiion of Arz-Roum .. . .. ., 526 

Iftkaliiiadi of Buenos Ayr es .. •• .. •• 588 

JJescription of St. Paul's .. .. •. 586 

/yrscription of Rio de Janeiro . • . . . . . . 588 

/ i//a Rica . . . . . . . . . .' ^ 538 

J^amond Mine • • • . • • • • 535 

Slair of Society among the middling Classes employed in Mining and 

Agriculture .. •• •• •• 541 

(Original Letter from Sir James Stuart to the Right Honourable Sir 

Dacid Dundas . . . . . . . . 543 



POETRY. 

Address^ spoken hy Mrs, Siddons, on leaving the Stage 2Qth 

of June, 1818, and written by Horace Twist, Esq, .. 54i 

rj oil the opening of Drury-Lane Theatre. Jrritten by Jjord 

£yron • • MO 

Childe Harold* s Pilgrimage, by Lord Byron .. .. 648 

.7t<^7%vr£a, by the same • • • • 660 

f%g jPmiroHi from Crabbe^i Tales •• 661 



V 



****'-'- '•■. GENERAL 



I 



• ^ 



. 1. 



J* 



r** 



T'HE 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 

For the Year 1812. 



•• 



mm 



B-* 



^m^' 



GENERAL HISTORY. .: 



T^ 



CHAP. I. 

Tme Prhfte Regent's Sfeech, — Aldresscs thereon a^d Dtlate.r. — Tharthf h 
Lofd JtBnto.^^iate of ike King's Health. — D-haia on Co/onel Jlf'Afa- 
k'^nt ^ItMntment of Papnaster of Wldoivs Pemions, — Dhiitlcry 

tions with the enemy. The jnr- 
prize of a French corps in Hstrema- 
dura^ by Lieut.-G. n. Hill, was meiu 
(ioncd witli con^m; zidation, from 
which a transition was niade to 
the general merits of Lord Wd- 
lington in the dirccti(*n of the Cam- 
paign ; and the spiri: shewn by the 
Spanish nation in their peculiax 
system oi warfare, the extension 
of which was placed in bnlance 
against the success of the enemy ia 
some quarters. This part of tU 
subject concluded with the Re- 
gent's confident hope that parliA* 
nient would enable his Majesty tc 
continue the most efiectnafaivl fb) 
supporting the contest in the Pe< 
sinsnla. The speech then tool 
notice of the success of the' Britiu 
[BJ armi 



THE session of pari lament was 
opened on January 7> ^i^h 
the Frteoe Regent's Speech, deli- 
^rered by cofnmission : it was to 
the following effect: — Commenc- 
ing ^th the expression of deep 
coooesn.for his Majesty's continued 
jndispontion^ respecting which the 
^eporr^ of the Queen's council wero 
^oiyp l*ld before the two houses, it 
iMtictslarly adverted to their indis- 
yaoaafale' dpty of contmoing to pre- 
Mtve ftvr hit Majesty the facility 
Uf^vsonriHg his roycd authority in 
event of his recovery. "The 
\ of the measures for the de- 
^^__ and secority of Portugal 
MM oczr toadied upon, with the 
^jSUbU&xM ccqniied by the British 
-fiSl Wi C tfK < toe Wopi in tbeirae- 




«] ANNUAL REGISTER, 181S. 

arm* ii lbs rohictioB of Jm, asd beeo nbmitlfid to tfadr loiMiipa^ . 

tbc'Caature of tbeiiloof Booiboo and yet the; wcfc aiiei npoo to. 

in d Mauri Eiui j and of the gallant pledge tfaemaelvet to » wftttn : 

coadnct of the array va&i Sir wbkfahadbrouglitlbcQBiiitlryiiito 

Saamel Aucltmtity, and the atvy itxpreaCTttalanniof liUMtton. H«- 

bj wbicli it wai aecottded. Hia aaid, he retainea nia objection* te 

KothI Highneis proceeded to re- every part of the aytteoi he bad to . 

coDunend to parliament the cod- - often condemned t andfaepanka- 

udwation of proper meaMTci for larly reqoeaied their lordafaipa to 

the filtfve ^oremroent of the Bri- coouder the poctrntoui way fa 

tiih poaneaiiOM io India ; and ex- which ihe itaie of Ireland bad 

pRMd.Wa regret, that important been alluded lo in tbG.»peecb:.:tbe 

ffiffifreitcu between tbii country attention of ptirliacnent was net 

tod'tbe United States of America, directed to the oppreuiona and 

mnainedunad^ted, at the un<e grievancea of which lije Irith coid> 

tiliKaiiaiutg the houcei, that «1) plained, fautaolely te the revenue 

tt(«W of conciliiiion would be to be drawn from them. Heoon-: 

employed consiaient with ihe bo- eluded by giviog notice, that thia 

•out aoA dignity of the ciowu, tu^ject would in a ibort time be 

■nd the maritime and commercial brought diatinctly before tbeirlerd- 

ri^Mi Hd intereils of the Kiitlsh ibi^. 

empife-Theusualaddreaswuthcn Tlie £arl of Liverpool, in replyj 

made to ibe houae of commnns, coDiended, that the lystea Inu 

trvkiiogin iheiraeal to provide the cottdtmned had juitified itatCJif 

nc)cr»ary luppliea, and also recum- experience i and profinaed Ul Am 

mVdittg iheir rniimptioii of ibe rcadiiieta, and iha> o£ Ine.tiat' 

conwdentioii of the Iri&h finances, lea|uct,' (o defend their ceodfect 

wkichwere, however, declared to when the day ibould coaie for 

b«: jrppmved. Jhe.wtiolc cod- canvaubg the subject. Hetha^kt 

clqiedwithascntiment of the ar- dierc wai nothing in the (fddgcM 

divtOa dutiea which hU Boyal which could prevent coy.jneittWr. 

Hlgfcfajtin had been vailed upon lo from concurrii^ in the aaaumQoe! 

fulJl,.M>d bia reliance on Ihe ex- ^iven lo Ihe Regent of .janatoncbi 

jMCWOeed wj^om and public ipt- in thBdiicbargeofl)iBardiutwdi»c' 

rit-^ tielfc bouaea in aasiating him tie*. . . - .,'.:, ,i^- 

to,'dbdl»^ <lie fiiQctions of bia Earl Grew went overlhe immi 

blgtrJb^- . ground with l«n) G^envUc, ttdk 

{n.tlie boQie of lorda, the ac- deoied tb^t pppouae , (iicaaMrqlia& 

vaa adnuniatralien 6Biijpit.,wai(t:^iiiai 

try, te (be cauntry.twovla hciiwthHddH 

iw. ing'tbc jippport..M.lfac.Be|iditaft^' 

af- cewry Satkt OBiidaatal bli.g*^. 

■ve venunept,. , .',;,■. i,.. >ui. u-mk 

■ed Soote «lcr^.)e0U q)ohe flSdlWfti 

WS oCCHkftt- JbM;Mlktt^.adllftHi(;NH' 

no agncdip«Mi«4i|mt|fa«MNuzei(J1 



OEN-EllA-l; HfSTOltT. 



tsf 



ven itttdcre^: reiAarkable- by an 

umnnJ . circnitistance. After it 

had been retd by the Speaker^ and 

LokdJc»djfi-w«s rising to move 

theaccoitoitied complimentary ad-> 

dra, Sir Francis Burdett rose at 

the flne time, and having first 

canglil the Speaker's eye, it was 

(ie^ded fbat he wa^ in possciuion of 

tbehdoie. The baronet then, af* 

(er I ipeech of >^'arm and desultory 

infective against the principles of 

thevar, the defects of the repre- 

taoAaa, and a variety of other 

nunoirf grievance, moved an ad* 

dreMtothe Pkince Regent, intend- 

tdi he laid, " to embrace every 

point whkh his own sense of duty 

to bii constituents, and to the 

CDODtry ia general, suggested to 

him » essential/' Accordingly, 

|be|npased address %ras firamed 

ID eke icyle of a memorial or re« 

nMBttnnce, laying before his 

Kfl9«l Higbneaa all the instances 

cf i i ^ sn nu ment and oppression, 

oCnSiagDaeak of the pobliclibertv, 

aodiocMialadoii of abuses, which, 

uikp^lpii^cMi of the mover* a se-* 

'wt af past years had afforded. 

Afier k hod been read. Lord Coch- 

nae-fose to second the motion, 

aid .ia. Ua speech particularly 

'vck apoti die misconduct of the 

^v, and the little hope of final 

MOMfc -Lord Jocelyn then mov- 

<Ut aidfcas, which he had pre- 

■M^'tigf way of amendment to 

mijfidpottd by the honourable 

tiMift'siDd Was seconded by Mr. 

^^j<lf the debate which foU 

Mi|,^K ik scarcely necessary to 

P9fi the particulars, since the 

' VfiiUft ilf-0|fposicicNi, who agreed 

.VjiA.8iibftaDci8 Burdett in parts 

iMnlVofptablicevilS} could 

WildiliioMn all points, 

IkNitcina&y of the to- 




pics introduced would bb bUttctf ** 
reserved for future -discttisloife- * 
They made some objections to tba & 
ministerial addressi similar to thoM "-^ 
which were advanced in the Houaa ^* 
of Lords, and were replied to la a ~' 
similar manner. The houaa tfteor*^ 
divided on Sir F. Burd«tt*s addra«» "' 
which had only one vote in its fi^ : 
vour besides the two tellen, l^iost " 
238. Lord Jocelyn*s amendnifnt ' 
was carried without a diviskMi*- ■' - - 

On Jan. 8, Lord Jocelyn- «pw > 
peariog at tiie bar of tlM^- tKMM'-^ 
with the report of the commftltae ' 
on the address, the question waa^" 
put, that it should be brought upi tr 
when Mr. AVhitbread roa§ todeilw^ 
ver those sentiments on the sub* ^* 
ject which the unexpected"'ooeor<«' ^ 
rence of yesterday had prflv^nted * 
him from declaring. He then ac ' 
length stated his reasons for dia« 
agreeing with the address. Tlieie ' 
chiefly turned upon the faNaey •( * 
the hopes attempted to be eaoittfd- 
by the present state of the P^n»D* * 
aula, concerning which he wishedi 
for more ample inforniatioD in se-- 
veral )M)ints (which he mentioned) 
than had been afforded ; upon tho 
expression ** conciliatory,** applied 
to (he negotiations with Ainerieay ' 
which appeared to him by n^ ~ 
means entitled to that appellation i 
and upon a supposed iropofisibility 
of negociating a peace with France* 
.arising from the personal character 
of its present ruler. He was an^ 
swered by the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, who began in a strain 
of sarcasm respecting the past pro* 
phecies of the honourable gentle- 
man, which had been proved evi* 
roneous u) the evei>t ; and ha went .' 
on to shew the feasona there were ' 
for looking forward oheerfallyand ' 
aanguinely to the ccsnlt of the oaii» 

IB 2] test 



. < ' .  > , 

Mtbti ihtt ftdniiita^. H6 advert* taken a black and ierj trnfooniM 
^i^ttr-lCferal «f tlve q«^ttmis that tie^;rof the rcrcjnue of the cSochf- 
ImI ^feen t^k^ \jff Mr* WWtbread, try. He acknoti'ledged a djmitm- 
tfr INHtte of ^Wcb he gave general tion In the year 1811 of i^o tdih 
HUfMkki and he*affirme<i that our tions from that of the precediitf 
.MMy -in Spain was ti this mornent jiear ; but the receipt in the hXX& 
.M^dOS* itn»)get than it bad been iKSi the greatest ever known ; and 
^Imhm jtmi He defended the that importaftt bratich, thetxtisc, 
flmid^Mt' of govermnent Wiih re- had produced more io iSft thaft 
IpMtitKAmenett, and irrpresented in the preeedtng^ yeni*. 
tMMffitig^itt evil of war vS great- After 'Jomc fiirther debits, ia 
tt t^' her Ihiin t» this countryj wMch the fonner tcipte v-ere re- 
Mi b«rhig -noticed -^me oth<?r of capittilated, Mr. Creevby> motion 
ilMl hbtfooraMe gentleman*^ obgec* was pot dnd negAth ed ;* aht! * die 
fiaftftd tfie«ddm»j he conclodtM report was then bropght op and 
^lrflb*lHipinJ>tbat't<io honscwoiiW S^rerd to, - *v 
't*»t bfe Iwwvcnted, by the gk>oihy • The thanks "of the' betas^ of pdi- 
"INDtiM ho had 'dmwn, irom c6d- Mamcnt toted on occasioo of tnifi- 
'««rfxsg4olt. ' tity sbcccjjs, are gcnerjrtly suA 
- * Af^r Mr. Wh?fbir»d had called were matters ^f cotrfse*/ in. whii^ 
i«l|0»theJatatiipeak«r fat aii ex^- ministers take the ofiportcmitfjrof 
!imiln«i-of' his meaning in quoting gaining refidcted ajtprobbtltin 'lef 
-n^n^iiO' a^satirical «fa^ei #wn their t>wn measures/ iind lh(Mr'b(>- 
^1^9^^ audbttd fecetvedadieavowal ponents setdom ohoose to ^i^os^ 
^•■y^oten^on df gi\'ingbfFt-ncej themseJVes ta the hazard' ttfoa*- 
^Ckoorid Tajfetwi rose, and made a pt»aring reluctadt to join in'tw 
HHaiberef o4toervistionscoticemiDg praise due to meritotions bwrfc eg^ 
Ab Qtifiii^OBvabie atatetsf afi^Ttsin that it is scarcely wolth uiiileit) I 
llw* fbnitlaula, «nd the bopelfess record them in the ir<^stdr of |Mhv 
toitwe of the contest in which we liamentary transactions. Sortw- 
iSimre been so long fenga^. He times, botjreter, the motitJns *feJr 
•mU -iblkiwed by Mr. Crertey; this purpdse caU forth" ^ussiods 
^vrttose -renufks <*ie€y related to which it i$ not unJmpbi4nHt lb nd- 
.■Ibe-pobtictevt^nue, which, accord- tico ; and one of thfe k5n4 cidgan- 
:4n^ ^o hla 4iift)rmation, had espe^ red in the Hbuse of Dofi m i Pw y wi 
Vienoed a -rapid and ahnwiiig de* Jan. lO. njiott the moddn'bftlft 
«lliie't nfid'fortbepBrpose that the Chancellor of tiie ^Exche^o^ Ibr 
Mtlttie^ taxes for the last year thanks to I^ord MiHto, goveiti'H^' 
nerigt^ be laid tipon the table be^ general of India, -dn 8teotini^t3iPt& 
4^e the' address-was voted, he con- cohquest of the islands cff Bodvbas 
^ehided with itKmng that the word and Mauritius, atid ~tfae;^^^)A^tloiii 
■"now'* be left out of the motion in the island of Jav^ i • • ' "rrl.lr 
dMftf^. Cbe'hotne, and ^'this day The riglrt hdAoujtibln'i^pdetliHn 
^tmi^^ be inserted kr its fH^ti. Introduced hitntotton witklatifeir- 
vTFki^^M'Qp i^gaio Uie' ^^hanceU ^ogyoftlie wise and'wdUnmlit|p> 

4iid •.Ahe.'Mi^c^eon p$ aMte, that ral, which' had giveti !biTni:>'s» 
/tlM^ 4m^l0af^fi^ -genflfiintG ^ad ifaest smodsset*. HtevnenttititiO^ 

kjti ,/::-.'-. •^* **- the 



GENERAL HISTQHY, 



^] 



t&e detail of the preparations made 
iutbc sercrai e&peditioot, and the 
a.', ic of eicc'otion ; and after dis- 
triMiiiiif bu praise among ihr por- 
KM prJDcipally cuiicerned, lie 
mmd, " Thai the thanks of tiiis 
kaiebtf given to the right hun.Gil- 
kn Lord Minio, for the wisdom 
ud ability with which the military 
aaources of tiie British empire in 
India have been applied in the re- 
doction of the power of the enemy 
iitbe eaflern seas^ by (he con- 
fMof the iiliiiids of Bourbon 
■dMaoritiua, and by tlic recent 
MKcesif(J operations, in the ihiand 
of J<va; and ih:it this hou^js du(h 
ttnboto the tu-illiant and import- 
■traocrueB which have cr«»wned 
nr was io that quarter of the 
||abe, CO the vigorous system of 
vdUooorrted measures no wisely 
adspiBd and steadily pursued by 
fiibeit Loivl Mioto." 

Mr. Sheridan then rose^ and 
mi^ that though he could not he- 
'■Ue a monient respecting the 
f^fntj of thanks as a leward for 
tfe iiiscipiiiie and gallantry dis- 
l%fld fay the British army ; yet 
K was not prepred to acknow- 
U|e the aam^ claim on behalf of 
M Ifiata In the first place, 
Mtboaghl an absolute necessity 
m^ to be fiMde out for the go- 
tiWifLUMji to ioFsake hia ara- 
^aLfiengil^ and enter upon a 
V|^|br six. weeks or two months 
MepiBseot- at ihe conquest of 
PMb. jHe then observed, tliat 
yjfc^arithad been attributed to 
jl|ll^to for having had every 
leadinflaa for the expedi- 
the Maoritiiia at the 
lired tke diapatcbes, 
ittf/Um ta «ndeitako it^ 
vpn.vlht .first check that 
I gpjj i tlw^hal» object of ihe 




pointed, had it not been for thit 
admirable conduct of Captain Bow* 
ley. Theneatnif-ritatf ributed tDfaioi 
was, that the time of the year Mn- 
dering f he success of the expedition 
against Batavij extremely dloubtfidj 
and Admiral Drory havingdespairad 
of it on account of the hitfloess of 
the season, the govemor-genaral 
had made himself at Bengal ao 
much more master of the sukjeot 
than that experienced naval officer* 
that it was determined to proceed: 
his pmise, therefore^ oo thia 06c«- 
sion, would be so much detracted 
from the merits of Admiral Dniry. 
He A;iid, that he could notcoacur 
in thv^ opinion delivered by th« 
ChaiK ellor of the Excheouer; that 
the importanceof theacqniaitioawaa 
not to be contemplated in a ^ea* 
tion of this nature ; and he thoiigbt 
ihut when a vote of thanks waa 
rj;t)uired from the house to the 
planner of the expeditioo. there 
could not be a fitter time to faiv 
quire whether the acqnisitioo wai 
worth the lives it bad coat; who* 
ther we can quit it without leav- 
ing the natives to certain destnxs 
tion ; 017 whether certain deKroo- 
tiou will not attend our troopa if 
they remain ? Advening agaua fo 
Lord Minto's aceompanjFing the 
armament, he said, he had a looted 
dislike to any civil oontrool being 
exercised over the armyornsfy: 
it savoured too much of the fteDoh 
revolution, where a deputy £"001 
the convention always aooompa* 
nied ihe troops, not to share the 
danger, but to participate in the 
glory. 

Mr. Yarke defended the claim 
of LcHrd Minto to the thanka of the 
lioase. With respect to the im» 
putatioQ OD him for leaving Ma g»- 
vanuneot, he asked, what waa «» 
prevent him? Were there aaij 

coounotiooa^ 



IT (MS- HouM of Lorth on tlt6 Mmft Mb- 
it, not tkmit.' '  -'"' 

ipedi- The near a^rbacb of fhe ptl\bd 

irf the in which the TCEericyBctWM lofck- 

Jan. ptre rendered necenaiy  pafdco- 

ere to lar and formal inquiry -into ti>e 

person state of hi» Majcrty't btAHj «hd 

■'-Mf^e^orerttbT'gcneralwmconi- msnt*) heahh, and comMhtltea 

- -betent to a«rtde. With respect to were appointed by both bbu«l(*fcr 

'I Ws-fiating ptochrcd the wiling of the esaminatton of the King'i'pl^- 

^ ■fliC'cicpcchfloff at n aeawn which licians on these p6iDt>. Tti* re- 

y\.dmiral Drury and Sir S. Auch- pons of each were laMbefovMbrir 

''ifaiitjilbo hsdat fint thought un- respective houses on Jan 13 Stid 

"Wifahle, it wns a circomsiance Ifi, and have been primed T it Will 

' gt^aBT^ to Lord Mtnro's credit ; for be sufBcient here lo state tbe gMe- 

'it'waSi In consequence of having ral re&ult. The nie<1iea1 gtSrHle- 

* *nip!oyedGaptainGreggto try the men examined were, Iteclon He- 
• "Vpiindinffs ofthe new coorse by the berden, BaiIHe, Sir W. Hdlfoh], 

\*Ca#»mafla, to the wett of Borneo, Monro, Simmons, John and Dlr- 
= '1)y«*ich he iiali coprinced ftiow ling Willii, They all agreedYeaplSCt- 
*>wBim'that tiie armament conld inghisMajesty^spresent iaMtMHt^ 
"■-V^tcH its dditinsiion belbre ilie of itlendrng public bil4tneslj'4hd 
^l^.'W: witidi'sctitt. also that his bodily heitth i«M>ei- 

■"''^'"SiVHwWyMontgomerycouUnot thergood or Ktlle impslferf. ffhcr 
'■"^IStiktliat'atljflhingtbe noble lord agreH likewise in rqDres^nfittghU 
^'-tltri Ame-mCi^ted ille-hormurpro- state of mind asgreaihydtsordated. 
.posffi. He perhaM (lesertwd cen- "With respret to tbe chance ttfrtfto- 
'' Urrb fh' XOnW of ttij acts at Java, very; Ihey concbrrtRl Ih HitaUng 

*  ■espeWSlIy f1i« of giting frsedom to such sn erent improbable '( btfT* to 
'■ #lrlbel»lveaar'sbonaBho snived, the degree of impWbattHityi Acre 

~>tMi?cb ^'bs lettiBg lo(M annnber was tome difference, at leHtirftfceiT 
- ' WnotcMoorfy blood* thirsty men. language,' somfe repre«etiling>ft as 
■' -' <aMefat'T*rtcion ri*ca1ed the bordering oponhopelfesM««,tflheTi 
*' Mm of such a man BS Kr S. Auch- asonlya prepOndertmotr 6f iilWro- 
"  jndiy befcfe*etit on an ex])edition bability. On the whoJif, boWter, 
'" <witlr^ nnne to su pe t in te n d him. It was evident that the>^M(0 of 
' 'Uttd'tb whose dechinn or temerity opinion Was sucb lis to MifluU^tif 
''■ In' itttdting fort Comotis he at- reasonable expecWidn -lA^'A l4too- 
,- iributeddiB sriVationof (be whole very, and that Ktile mot's w«a 
'■'•fOtix. meant by the caatioU^tSi-AM'fem- 

' After seteral other mraiberi had ployed, than toato1«d atJUMwrde- 
",' "tpofeen on both sides of the qiieg- cdaration tBatit rf(f9"*b#»IW%iyi de- 
- 'lion,' it was put tnA carried. ipaii«d of: ' Tfae'^bHS'Ht^lii^ 
'■ 'Ttiankf were anerwardi agmd tti had antJoipattJ-. iKe"||AjWliM)lf^ a 
•■-«». iSttt.'loaH the other officen, similar jndguent. "'i 'i:'n 10 
-^ -ttS ■O'riie Sbldtfafs and' seamen, A debate dri b -'fnMte^i Vlittle 

 — abfl fe Med te tfie cqwfeiom wbore  Intrinfrtc- 'import aHM ,^ tlw' one 
" ' VKRtiooed, Kftidi gaf e an in»gkt into the po- 

licy 



GENERAL HISTOKY. £/ 

Jicyporcued bj minitten in thdr ipect, hecame.to tieq?^, t^ Qo- 

coDDcciioD with the Begeni> dc- loncj M'Maboii, He com&ifA 

cuired on the muiiQn for a supply tbe honourable geiijleii^an') syJH- 

to bb iiajasXy, made in tbe House poiition, tliat tbe place iq quotlqa 

. of CoiQinoas on Janmry 9 Mr. w» hdd bj [ute&t for lite i.KQ^ 

Creevej rote, and after observing asserted, ihat it badberq distujctljr 

-that it was the duty of that bouse communicated to the flolao^l. ,-» 

: to rxRinine levcral subjects con- his Royal , Highnest's coiapiaiofC 

^ naStsd nitfa the reremie before that considering Uie cucunutaiiQta 

' tbey entered into the consideration under which the office ' stooclr, Jia 

. of the snpplyj adverted to an office was to hold it as lubjact to Mf 

. latelfbestuwedi.ntbe^rgcnt'sinn- view that the pullame^t nj^t 

• fidjBDtial senram, Colenel M'Mi- laXe "' 
; hon.. Tw an tj-nine years ago it M 

bad been stated, in t!)c lOtb report appo 

.of the cotnmissiuncrs fur public lianai 

accounti, tlut the office of pay* muni 

toaster of widows' pensions was a tione 

{>erfect EUiecurr, and ought to be Excb 

. abolished i and iaone of ibe reports mini: 

.. of tbe commiisioncTs nf military were 

• ioqairy presented to the houte, priiu 
 jEbqr year* ago, the same opioion oliec 
. -iiad been couliriiied, and it was misH 
' Uddrd, that on tbe decease of (be argw 
. prctent patentee, Geoeral Fox, who 

ihey pTf^mati that the office of tt 

would be 9Lippre»cd: yet iu the wbic 

L fiic^ofth^Ke two reports, tbe mini- M 

: Mens of the crown Aad advised bli last 

' Soyfll Highneu tbe Regent lo con- farilet: 

r. >fei th« office on Colonel M'Ma- Quali 

  t^a^, He coDcluded with moving Tbe 

^' -«l iUMDdmeut, that the bousa tbe t 

^. jroald to-(sorraw se'nnight resolve that < 

itwlf into a conmittKc of supply, ing l 

,. i(t order 10 give so opportunity In aitu^ 

; -, -tb^ IntieHm for the consideration know to be a lioecore, and (tirre- 

 Jte had suggested. fore an incumbrance on the public 

,. The Chancellor of tbe Exche. puise, »iid fit only to be abolished. 

IT- (]iier began a reply with loitie ob- After some other speakers .had 

.:'Mrvatian> on tbe pre&tory matter given tbeir remark  ou the subject, 

,- in Mr. CrAvey'a speech, in which tbe bouse divided, for Afr. Cree- 

be <bad alluded to the ccmferring vey's amendment IJ;, agaibft it 

ofaome «tber places on inembeTs 54. h abould he oUened, that 

of parliament on account of their tbe honqnrabte character, aoame* 

• .pq)U)9al conduct) and after de- riis, of Colonel M'Maliaa wep: at- 
:v feiKUnS ^ aii^Mn is that le- lowed on both lid^i. It JOf^. also 



jetty kf pnxlamatWB. at nnftlHHf '^ 

after OcioUr 1, ISUi, «ib« t»- 

termiiiate web prohibition iroai 4' 

tune Dot kM ihaQdOdayi trom ibo - 

dfttc of. The Skid proclainatioa, ar^- 

to coniimie it from Ddrerabf r 3'i. 

cntil 30 ila>s sfter the next ineetn 

ing of pafliaraent — (bat, diirii^' 

(bi* period of iLis.peohibiiioQ, (be 

duties on wDiti or WBsb made itf 

' Great BKrain Ebr exiraottiig tpiriti, 

and the dotiea on epiriti made iik 

Gfcs* Britain, and on spirits Oiatla 

lay, and in a in Irtliind and impni-ted isto Grcai 

ke aigumenis Britain, aod the duties od still* in 

lent, wi<h its Scotland, aiul on spirits m^fde in, 

in the nation, England and imported into Scot- 

hs of' govern; land, and'vii^ fvrt •, and the diaw^ 

in pas.<ed fur bocks one xponation, shall be gut-. 

lotiel M'Ma- pended — that durihg sui h suipen^ 

 raiDsa^lost »i on there shall be charged dutks 

on worl oc wash, and on .spiriu^ 

e bouse baV' the partictibrs of which are.&«' 

>n coDiniittee subject of several following ittioia- 

Kion I he act B tions; and that during suck mw*! 

itillerics, (he peiisiou ihcreshaUb&chMgfdupoa* 

Lchequer pro* all spirits imparled ioto Great firli': 

suluiions.re- tail) (except rum the prodooe sfi 

cDm^ncnduig'tbeprDiubition of all the Britisb plantation') as eddMl 

cK.MiDatjap from grain in Great tiunal dttty of 131 per cciH. upon> 

J^ltaidfi a lim? to be limited, the former duties. -it 

Tbd comparatire failure of the ]»Ir..PoDEootiy then rose, iiot.to 

cropa for the last y«»r had renderrd object to llie resiriuiioast but. tot 

this «3[xdient necesutryi but in com|dain of tbe chaage that Iwdi 

orcler.tkit llie Kvenue might net be^n wrought in the conttitntioD^ 

EDftruitileriall^-fBointhrexpinitian by sUemly accuiioniag Ib^ pofpl^ 

'of:;4fiK"dut{is aii.^ing friMu spiriii to took fur relief from iheir gnevfA 

'diaciUed fniiD grain, It had been ances in matters of interett not *r 

,llMi]gllt advisable that they s^uld parliameni, but to tlie exocaiiT**- 

fb itjanisrerred to spitits distilled govcrnnu-ni. Aft&r a "word > of 

froBi sugar. . The resolutions movod reply bora the .ChanceUor.lif ,tb* 

Sytvere, irt sulstance, (bat alter Exchequer, tiie tttolatioiu #ai|f 

tbo Ist gf Februar)', 1312, unt'd ^reed to.  :'^ 

'liut 2lGt of.'Deceiiiber. 1812, no * Ihs rqmnuf & bill fixmsd'UimL' 

.vnrts.or waeh fur distillatioti shall thccc rcsolutiona was hipt^i. u^ 

fie made in any part of Great on January 22, when, onlhg^at f 

Briliicl front'fMiy.kind of grain— tinn tbat it be Bgixed to, 5ic.Wil 

't[iatit«iia)li)C kwful £)r his Ma- Newpori^iau^ ^ yattcaled . tbte 

.  : '  '  '   -  e (,(^ 






i^ 



ionrlitrc^b wtU the ns^tair of 
1 jKiKsre wbicir went to prohibit 
:k; iQteicourse between tlie two 
islanJr iormiog the nnited king- 
dvn I and be referred to tl^r. (Jib 
artirl'* k4 (be union, by which it 
vai dtclarsd that no bounty or 
pnftibinijn should exUt between 
rbe.t vo" kiDgduais. He lamented 
llut dv general interests of Ire- 
hni were «i neglected in that 
bouw; and obsen'ed^ that at the 
tnieof the union it was iiUeged 
that (he benriits n;:»uking to Irc- 
Iiid from an exportation of the 
pfoducti of i's distilleries to Great 
£ritiiD vould be one of the chief 
adtaotBges re=iulting from that 
nieaiait, bat» after various sus)H:n- 
iiooi, it was now proposed to pro- 
hibit SQch expor tat ions, so long as 
the |in>bibitio» of distillation irooi 
pu vas continued here. 

Mr. Sinclair then submitted to 
Ibe hoQsesome observations on the 
whj'ct, 90 far as the mien sure 
affected Scotland, and contended 
Ite t6e prohibition of distil ling 
Amgrain would be very injurious 
Id tbe agriculture and landed iu- 
icrestof that coimtry. 

Sir Geo. Gierke proposed to in- 

tadooe a clause into the bill for 

pMeoting the Knglish distiiJers 

fam defraodin^ ihn revenue, on 

tirgioiuid that they drew mure 

tfmUM fntn a quantity of sugar 

VKfa than the calculation by which 

Ibaywere charged. 

luThe (%aiicr lk>r of the Exchequer 

flii« that ibe mattrr alluded to by 

Ihr hnpuuiiibie baronet had been a 

^tbject of long and deliberate re- 

fli^oa^ mdjie thought it unwise 

iy ^M»fa w w i % a temporary f;}stem 

fall eonstderation. He 

MfL Sinclair, thnt he had 

:.siiiini affUcations fiom 



Scotlan(l« for 'the. ^optkHV-of. thp 
prohibitory measarr, than frooii 
any other part of the united king* 
dom. He rephed to Sir J: New- 
port, by ohsecving tliat the siidr 
pension bill hjd bren enacted for 
the purpo^ic of relieving lEeJahd'i 
and that while the English niarkM 
was re*>t rained from the supplj of 
spirits distiUed at homi* from gfaib* 
it would not be right to sofifr it tb 
be affected by an importaCiOD off 
such spirits from a country wlieiiB 
the prohibition was not in fbroe. 

Mr. Hutchinson spoke with 
warmtl> on the injustice done to 
Ireland by the various attempts to 
deprive her of the advantafes e&* 
|)ected from the union. 

The amendments made io the 
committee were then agreed to, 
and the clause proposed by Sir G. 
Gierke was negatived. 

On the motion fbr the third 
reading o£ the bill, Mr. Hgtchii;- 
son rose to enter his solerhn'pttVi 
tost against that clause which had 
for its object the suspension of the 
intercourse between England and 
Ireland, which he charged with 
being in direct violation of the 
solemn compact entered into be<« 
tween the two countries, and he 
called npon the Ghancellorof the 
Exchequer to assign his reasons fo 
venturing upon such a breach. He 
was replied to by Mr. W. Fitzge- 
rald, who affirmed that those in- 
terested in the manufactures, agri- 
culture, and revenues of Ireland 
coiisidered this bill as a most im* 
portant benefit; and he asked if 
the honourable gentleman would 
wi<h that the provisions of the 
whole bill should be extended to 
li eland ? 

Lord Folkestone affirmed that 
the lait speaker bad advanced no- 
thing 



10] ANNUAL REGISTER, ISIS. 



thiDg to shew that the clause uas 
not a direct breach of the net of 
union; and intimated, that al- 
though the Irish might not be in- 
jured by the present measure, such 
an encroachment might make a 
precedent for future injuries. 

The Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer made some animated rcmarl;s 
on the objections raised by Mr. H. 
and Lord F., and contended that 
every thing had been done with 
the best intentions with respect to 
Ireland. The bi^l was then read a 
third time, and passed. 

When it was introduced into the 
House of Lords^ on Februarys^ 
it called jR)rth some observations 
firom Lord Lauderdale, who said 
' trdid not mean to oppose it, but 
ohmed ministers for not having 
taken the earliest opportunity, after 
ascertaining the deficiency of the 
late harvest^ of counteracting the 
erilj either by assembling parlia- 



ment, or stopping the distil 
grain on their own respons 
Earl Bathurst, in reply, de 
the conduct of ministen, ai 
that stopping the distiller 
the executive government 
measure that could be justifie 
by the most urgent necessity. 
Grenville concurred in this o 
and stated some reasons *« 
should not oppose the | 
measure, though liable to 
tions. llie bill went throu 
committee, and afterwards 
into a law. 

It is proper to observe, tl 
scarcity of grain in Irelai 
which alarming iTports were 
caused at length a similar p 
tion from distillation to be ex 
to that country in this scs5 
parliament, after several < 
sions in both houses, which 
not seem important to [ 
larize. 



 t 

r. 






•• •■. 



 I P« 



CHi! 



GENERAL^ HISTORY; 



A 



III 



^ - 



CHAPTER II. 



^Bs relative to the Kings HoiaehoU, and Dehatei. thmcmd • 



ON January l6« tbe House' of 
Cumoions baying resolved 
jiifif iuto a cocnniittee to consider 
yrhat part of the Regent*s speech 
viiich fielates to his Majesty's 
hu^ebold, the Chancellor of the 
£icbi>quer rose to submit to tbe 
cnntntttee tbe mea^ires which it 
nigbt be proper to adopt nnder the 
oisting circumstances. He began 
with stating the difierenoe which 
pRvailed with respect to tbe ex- 
ppCUuiooaof his Majesty's recove- 
.IT. between the present period and 
-ueliit session of parliament ; and 
bviog adverted to the opinipos of 
tbt physicians litely laid beibre 
t^as ^0 the improbability of a re- 
cnny, be took as bis standard that 
<)f tbe most sanguine among them^ 
Dr. Simmons, who had stated the 
proportion of recoveries in persons 
beyood the age of 70i as one in 
£ve. He then proceeded to lay 
heftre tbe committee what he 
5^>Dceired to be the principal ob- 
jcctithey bad to keep in view. The 
' exercise of the royal authority in 
tbe person of the King being sus- 
pended, it was first necessary to 
^ODfldcr how it was to be supplied ; 
.And in the second place they weie 
XQ tike inio ccmsideration the na- 
tnr)e of tbe provision requisite for 
fbe imiiiteimnce and comfort of tbe 
JCing during his illness. The first 
.tfbjei;^ was already provided for by 
«llMt danse which gave to the 
eAlpoit the fuUpowen of royalty 



at the expiration of six we^ ftpm 
tbe commencement of the present 
session; but with the soverekn 
authority, the civil list would wo 
devolve upon him, unless parBa- 
ment were to make some arrange- 
ment for his Majesty's hooaehold. 
In discussing this topic, two em- 
siderations naturally in^geited 
themselves— from what aounxa 
were the provision and attendants to 
be drawn ? and what was the nature 
and extent of the provision to be 
made ? With respect to tl^p first, 
he bad no hesitation to saytbaV-bis 
Majesty's present civil lis^ and hia 
present officers and servants, were 
tbe source to be looked to. Ja 
considering the second point, it 
was the duty of the committee (o 
contemplate, not only the probabi- 
lity and improbability of a reco- 
very, but a kind of middle state, 
which, though it would not render 
his Majesty capable of resuming 
tbe reins of government, might 
afford him the means of tasting 
more comfort and enjoyment than 
he could partake in at present In 
sndi an event, it must be supposed 
that on awaking to a sense of hit 
situation, his feelings would be leas 
hurt to find not merely the same 
individuals about him who had 
formerly attended biro, but the 
same otiicers to whom he had been 
accustomed. In this view of the 
subject, no one could think that 
the double establishment requisite 

ibr 



J3l A N-^U A L ^R;E Gl ST E:R, .^812. 

fer a regent and a king could be of the committee the sitaatioo of' 

con^^ctcd at the tanpe expense as the Queen. As It conld nat !» 

•that for a kin^ alone. The necos- expected that she would continue 

^ry adclitional expense he thought stationaiy, as she had done* a 

would not be regarded as e).^rava- greater expense wquM be incurred 

J?)nt if calculated at the -finni'of by any removal for health or anniae- 

10/XXd. per ana.; and this he pro- meut ; and to meet this and other 

posed t» lyokbiriMi) additteaof ^Mt expenses altaebed to the view ar- 

junoupt to the civil list, rangement of the household^ be 

ti ,.lii4iMung:t6ihc: presents bdosai' thcwkl profoiose an ' oddUfoo oot V 

iK>ififi)r> ti supply te his MsjfMiy*s .the civil list of lO,O00L to her 

fyifi nta^fcpfv^, ht ehao\d profuseta Majesty's . income^ l*be pensioAs 

4ake oyl^f it (hose^ bight offieom, tbe tand allowancrs wAicb bts.Majes^ 

Xpvd ^tsyward^ mid tl^ Lard Cbaai^ ^was accostamed to b^sOow on tie 

j^l«iii>.aod in the room o( tho^nt objocts of hta bounty wero next to 

Jot #i^titDfe^ the first gdutlemaa uf be considrrt^. • >Tli^sr bad always 

4)lp«i b«d-ch(tmber* usoaUy called been fxiid oot of the prtvy puiaa. 

i^GHfom of the Stole ; and of tbe Lindas it Nvould eartainly be thduglit 

fifSQoi, :tk0 Vka-Chambarlaio. right to oontioQeibem,Jbsstippoaad 

iUfjibe kn^s and grooms of the tthere wonhi be «o neoessity' Ibr 

t^iriiamiittr^ be woold {Nro{»ose ^faao^ing the land 9 s«ibmitiii)|r 

ffttmrHBg four of cacb claas, 4o lie however the acaooots Co a Kcnnin^r 

aekptad fh)at tba. present bauifr> in a committaB- a^ avpeaditaaa. 

4)0ld| andi tnadtkition totbase^ a The exptm$c9 for mcdii}alaitand«» 

4rimstoc pf tbciDbes, and seven ar anoe on his Alajesiy miphtte da^ 

a9fhtqi)QeVi4B64 Thcfvcsentprfrota iviyed ant of thmsame taeds 4mt 

accreiary to tiK King mightact ia -there-was ah escms in tht-^sifamite 

^Q/saiBa icapaaityt to the QueeD5 «f the Duohy-^of Lmifiastcr^ 'tf 

md faa.lmsteii that it would be aboat >ao cr.4a^)0ali wbiehiflkfte 

l^bpagbt ri(^t that j^ whple 'ait»> be applied t0d|Ki»ncki c4 that ktn4. 

Misbmes^ iibova .atatad dMmld be With respesi^ta ins U^/^'^pA*- 

fiPi^rtib^ <x>fitroal and appotoa- vata prapeit^ three cooimibsionei^ 

jstent of her Bdajesty. With regard ahoald be appohited Sar tlit cam^ef 

^tfae^ mode oif providhog for its k, oaa to te BtBMftttr hi ehtoeei^^ 

asip^asfa^ he. thongfat it would be aod ^the athor two Mmiaated^ by 

best 40 takaout of the ctril fist «»- the Chxeitaad da flegenei 
mad\y a saaa cqtiat ta the citamawd He waailawcoMta tathaxsoasi* 

iftmiigM of thenhoosehoid^ and if iberatioa of tba state in: WhMs the 

;tho6a abooldearead the estioMtf^ Frhica Be^eat ^aM be. phnely 

4ct defnajE tba deictency out of the having die civil list letumed tahiai 

;in^asary^ whtdi sbauid stalei the lest by lOI/dOO}. fcraeteow lb«i 

•am la paiiMasant> toba Totedont had beaa attawed mo hia. M^est^ 

oH tbesoppHcs of the year; if» on Hie Fdaoe aaw peaseisediatt^cttk 

Iha oiiatra<7r a sarphn sbooki re- cbeyw s^veoafr oaFl^ao^poSfe jObjA 

sawi^ that it.«boold be paid into whioh iheia nrste caitnoj ektaa 

;4be treaiii^*. . His esthnase of tiie whioh it aught heaajnas td i£s»' 

aamia^rid was'HiO^OOOL ttnrbi He woaid* 4ibasafet«,rp#«. 

'o>.iip.aaataiUediotba auemitti pos^ that af hbficcheqteicii^^ifea 



' :6'ESfF,EAL HISTORY. ' [13 

town. AoaH be trm^fencd to *ot]ld new be reasonable far th^ 
ifednllUt in^trad ofbetn^piid hmiK to makaa proviiion ftirtliKe 
toSim, ihifh won!c1leavr;'0,(XX)l, expensei, for which purpose tie 
■mnurheit By taking I00,0».>1. should prnp;>5c a graiir of 100,0001. 
limMecvjl li^t, .in'l adding to it wbich sirm, however, \vai' to tke 
fmn 'he e\ch«]MPr AO.OOOl. u dc- voted only for one year, bwaUK, 
Atncion nf iO.ooOl. would br left, though it niglit be n^ceirtrv lot 
wfaicb might be dispensed with on the a.ssiimptio[i uf the ropi fiinti- 
KCMnt of tbe Prince'i imaller tioni, it might tint be u for tbcir 
Amilr. permmetit exercise. He onndod- 
ftematt. however, obserrc, that ed «fth tnoving, 1. That ifor 
it v.-inld be onjiuc to transfer the mnking provision for the due 
f'tH ]i<t to ths Regent tipon the arrangementftf hiaMajcsty'ilioaje- 
aoppwition that it van adrquate liold, and for the eswdte of tlie 
to J»7 liie espcns^i of his ^Tsip^ty, royal authority daring the coniinu- 
vben the conttary wa^ notaviou.ly ance of his Majesty's indisporitlon, 
tfaebct. In order to eipbin this, and for the purpose of eaabling 
be had nooved for ilie csiiinatcit (he Qticen to meet tbe iiicreiKS 
cbiT^ oa <h* cu'il libC revunii^ ast ^xpC'-ise to >^^ich, in con^Muedce 
ttaefwere hid before the huiitein ofiuch indisposition, lier MajeM^ 
im, toother witik the actaat maybe e::,)Osed, thcru be granted 
j dotgn for each sulKequcni year, to his Majesty, out of the conioU- 
od the Ulter amoun'ed upon tlie dated fnud of rireat Hritlin, for 
) taoie'of six jejrs to 123 or that period, the ailditionnl yeirlj 
WWDl. «in;inl1y. This excels lum of ;o,0001. 2. That It ik Oi- 
MWpn paid from the funds »tU- pedient that prori-.inn be made fyt 
■{friin the exce^it of tlie Sotrli defraying the expenses ineidtnt M 
na Hit, and from the droits of the a.^iuniptiou of the prrxonal ex- 
limifiiif. As long as there were erci-se of iha royal aviLSorttyby fall 
dteie funds to meet this excess, it Roya! Higbness the Prince flegenri 
"onldfae Improper to apply to ilie in the name and on tbu behalf ofhU 
public to pay it; and be would Majesty. 

propOKihat, wbilttibey re:njincd Mr, Ponsonby then rt>se, and 

fOSidear, it kliou!d be defrayed by began alih sorai; ttemarks npon th« 

DO oilitr-, bnt if it should incre:i5e coinple&ity of the plan Inid bclnre 

•o a to exc;ed the present avrrai^s them by the Chancellor of tbe 

tirlO,ixul. perstinum, the matter Exrheoiier, wi)ich he thought 

iSnild be brought before parlia- miglii Jiav-c been shnpKtied, by 

nunt. giiii'g to him v-fao exerciiei tat 

-■■, it wonldalw be proper to attend royal functions all that has beetl 

W-afKlher point, which was, ibs herciofore considered as neccsscry 

fncorred hy his Royal fur thesplendoorand (I'LOiiiyaftlM 

bit assuming the reinn of erown, and tent fag lo the heir ap- 

artfarnment. When it wa* hoped pareui to deride on what h prap«r 

At! hU «erd«e of the rivnl auilio- f>r tl»e dignity and comfert of hii 

4tKW(KiTdciiaiinQebiit for a shiTt Majenv. [-Ik next adverted tO 

Ifmipii M haa declined receivitig Mr. P 's idea of a sort of middle 

p^isfWlltance irtiateVH', but it nou-dcicilpt itate between lanitr 



14] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1818. 

and insanity to which the royal i^uf- Of the further convenstion tliat 

ferer might anive, which he coa- passed on ihis interesting subject 

teniied wuatterly unfbundedupon on rhe present oceavioii it is not 

any thing that liad appeared on the nccessar}' lo give a suniniaiy, tince 

examinatinn of llie physiciani. He tlie pariicubra will all cone under 

Icuched upon the proposedaugmen- notice in following the prepress of 

tatioD of the Queen's income, for ihe bill through the hoiue. It 

which he could not discover a may, howe\-er, be of mrk conse- 

•ingle reason ; and also upon the qitence to observe, that ihc asacr* 

100,0001. to be gnnted to the tiunof iheChancellor of the Ex- 

B^eni for covering the cost in- chequer [(^peciin> the Duchy of 

curied by liis assumption of tlic Cornwall called up Mr. Sheridan, 

government, resjieciiug whlcii he who, after reading the I'rincc's 

thought that ooibiuc more could be message from the juunuJs of tlie 

expected from parliament than a house, contendL-d, that it amounted 

willingnei) to grant whaic^-er might to a mere abandonment, not a 

appear proper under the specified w'ithdnJwment,ofhisclai[nE, winch 

beads of cxiienditure. He con- remHined in full force, 
eluded by wishing that the resolu- The resolutions were pot Bad 

(k>iu. might lie on the table for a agreed to, and the report vas 

few days, that gentlemen might ordered to be brought up the next 

Iiavoaa opportunity of considering day. 
the sul^t. On January 18th, on the qties- 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer lion being put that the leport t^ ' , 

in reply said, that a fuller consider- the resolutions be brought up. Bfr. . 

ation of the plan, which he- was Creevey rose, and said, h^ must 

awarewasaconiplicatcdone, would enter his protest against covering , 

common at a future period when the deficiencies of the civil Ust from . 

the bill should be brought iu; and the droits of admiralty, which, ks ; 

he then made tome appeals to the contended, were strictly the pro- . 

feelings of the committee reiipL'ct- pertr of the nation, and aught to ' 

inga liberal provision for his Mn- be brought inlo the supply. He 

jcaty's comforts. Mr. Ponsonby also said the s-ime thing respecting . 

spolceagain, and before he sat dow'o the Leeward Island duiit-s, which 

begged to be allowed to ask one fortnersoicreigns liadgivenuptbut . 

question, vhich vas, whether in which, he asserted, vere now.', 

grantingto his Boyal Highness the parcelled out among miniitersAod i; 

sum of l(X),00Ol. it wag done under their adLerrnt'i, as he pledged him?' .. 

the notion that his claims for the self on a future day to prove. &Tn: - 

arrears of the Dueliy of Cornwall Brand eulirely coincided in o[Huica. . 

Vcre totally given up and ex- with thi;IastspralEerHstothedroitt . 

tinguishcdi To this ihc Chancellor ofadmirHlty. He then made ^omn- . 

of the Exchequer answered, that objections to the arrangenienli. at' . 

itapfieaied to him that the under- the household as stated by. the .^ 

ataadkigofibchouseiuthedebatei ChaucellDt of the Exchequer, an^.': 

004148 topic was, that his Royal thought the sum propoaed for tho:-. 

HigtmeKi bad totally rclinquiihed maintcnanca of the King aaij. 

evcfjr claim of that deicription. Queen was immQdenta..,ne -. 

Chancellor 



GENERAL HISTOKY; {IS 

Qnceftr of the Exchequer, in ccAinlofcbawetnpon th«eifil))it 

it^, cndeiraorcct to Kt the revenaes a fuas rclitei lo bill* til 

bannbk gcntlemaa right in tbedepartmentof thelmditewvrdt ' 

■aaKerrartaiKlervrbicblieseiMned from Jul}- IH04 to July l811-> ' 

to Uov with rngard to the aiate- 2, An account of the sane cbirgw 

idM; ud with r ei pcct to tbe asfarurelaieitofbicignmlDiitcn, 

dmptmde oo miDuten by tbe for tbe fame period — 3. An ac- 

lixB-i ipeaker, bs declared bii coaat o, the lame as far at relate* 

Kxfani lo gi>s evcTf information to billt in tbr departraent irf tbo 

in hii power M to the grants made lord chamberlain, for the Mine 

fianthtfiinda alluded to, and dc- period. 

c>and ihit Dot ooe farthing of Tbe Chancellor of tbe Gaclieqner 

Anliad been received bv himself, had no ohjcctiun lo the proditction 

ihaioac more convenatiou, the of thne papers, which w«re there. 

irriniJBM were agreed to, and a fjrc ordered, and lbs aecond retd- 

blil 111 (rdeied lo be brought in ingof the bill was liRedfortheSjM. 

tinafoa. On the same day, the bou» 

OaJiDiiary 20f the Chancellor having resolved itself into a com- 

rf Ac Escbequer presented the miitee of supply, the Chancellor 

tsU Sx making proviHon tor ibe of ihe Eichrquer mofed, ihet  

beita lapport and trrangcmenl of sum not exceeding 100,0001. be 

hii U^My'a household, and fur granted for making provision for 

tbtnof hit Majeity'i real and defraying the expen'>e* incnnvd in 

pasoil pnperty, duiing the con- coniequenoe of the aisumplion of 

iiHaRof hit iadiipotition. It tbe exercise of the royal authority 

najtbe first time, and a mn- by the Prince Regent. 

/■■la tnade forasecond read- Mr. Tiemey said, that the Wnn 

■( iben Mr. Tkmey rote. He Regent bad now execoted bia fune^ 

■tHRol, that from tbe papcrt tioni for twelve monihi, and wben 

iradDccd it was impoaiible to un- all the expenses atlendlag the 

^"ttnd whether the sums they assumption of that oflioe were 

tbndd grant might exceed or fall over, the minister came fnrward 

■l>ot cf what the ocration dc- wiib hit outfit for the regency. 

BMdaL It appeaced from them The Prince had refused a anm of 

lbsib<TpendiUueof ibecivillist money the last year, how thaa 

ocnU its icTcnne by l2J,noo1. could an outlii be asked for lliie 

faa-auiiim. Whether this addi- year, especially ai no distinct ap> 

^■ii.Mpeoae were □eceu'vy, it propriatinn of it was mentibfM-d} 

IK IsiMMiible to ay withoni the No such was ever voted by per- 

fni'tain^si of more tJocuments : liament on tlie assumption of tbe 

isd- ihia vat certainly tbe first monarchy, and hr was anxious to 

ti^Mbafranadditioo kid been de- guard against the recognition of 

^pMnl tothc civil Ini without the such a principle. 

- Ml'tmnt of a committee to T-heChancellor of tbe Exchequer 

In^te into Ihe sutijcct. After replied, that lie bad inteuded the 

HBiftrtheE-obfervatioiK, he pro- words to apply bolh retrospectively 

I tp move ior papcrt under and prospect ivi:ly, and bad do 

Jiowiagimda: — l. An ac- objection to iniivduee them inta' 

l^J^f^ -  his 



.6] 



AR^KfUAL REOrSTEI^, !«12. 



Jiif motion. As to Ibc apfirehen-- 
sion of its being made a precedent, 
tilorc V88 no graunii icr it, sincf' 
on the evrnc of the dcitiiw Oi' the 
erowDy the Begent would <:uccrtHi 
Also ro the proptSitT «f the crow n. 

Mr. Tiemcy thought that at 
hwai hi« Boyal Highiicas sbonld 
hare been fldvised to send a nien- 
Mge fo the houM on the subject ; 
and tbat parliament was not justi- 
fied hi asking him to accept of 
aoch a sum anleia rhey oilicrally 
know that Iio lequirfd it. The 
aame idea was taken up by Mr. 
Wbitbfcady who could not but 
think it eatraordinary, thnt afti-r 
the credit his Royal Highness h^d 
girincd from the country by declar- 
ing his 111 ten lion of laying no addi- 
tional burdens on the public for his 
^speniieson a«:smiiing the regency, 
a demand should now be made by 
the minister stt well on account of 
tbose alrrady Incorred, as of those 
that woulri now become necessar}'. 

After Mr. Secretary Ryder and 
Mr. Adam had end^nvoured to do 
away these remarks^ and Mr. 
Wfai thread ami Mr. Henii^y had 
renewed their objections, the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer closed 
the debet' by an appeal to the feel- 
ings of the house with respect to 
^ delicacy prr per lo be ob.sctrved 
towards the Vriiioe. and the rrjard 
due lo his dignity. The rrfolnnon, 
T)vith an amef»dment proijrO'«-d by 
him, of iniroduciiiGj nfier ** ex- 
penses'' tlie uo:ct^ *' vvljidi hi\e 
been or nmy bt-," was then carried 
wiiNonl aflH'is •^n. 

On Jj^Miary V " th, the order of 
the day bt^u*; read ior t': - house to 
re^oWe itselt into a commlr»M* on 
the King*s homehold bill ; oi> the 
motirn, that the (Speaker do leave 
the cbar» Mr. Tierncr rose^ and 



after aUnding it> thr del 

well a< fhv -importflrce of i 

jrct brtbre therti, he prbc 

obsrrve, that the papers 

tnble, howcvef corrrcr rhe 

be, hv no mems aftbr'ir* 

tbrrk>ation desired; for wY 

gave a annparative state 

the expenditure fw the civ 

a tev )enr.^, th':y afforde' 

sij^ht i'i»o ;h: staie of the \ 

why ibey lir^J augmented in 

and how thr n?oney had bi 

firr. On ih!-- grv^iii^d he v 

have a dis^a.^t v v for src 

tliedt^U'sion (..'• if-ciiiL 

tioning L.h objr^lifns, h 

wish the p»rT ir;;Uivc to 

jcsty's pfi'perTy. Thry wt 

upon to ;ippoint thveecomn 

to snpTindui this fum 

salary of 1 0( )0] . a year each 

an idea might bt ftrrmei 

ma!i;Tiitnde of a sum th 

afiord FO brec a proportio 

mere aiidinng. He mns 

agairst parlinment's rec 

this fund, uninformed ast 

of its amour, t and nature. 

likrwisp protest ng3in«t th 

secrecy to b<: taken by th 

missioncrs, which would 

parliament from the knox 

any abuse belonging to the 

cnnttdering the act as it r 

the regency, he must n 

assun^ptions : in the iirst p 

it would place his Royal 

on the th'onc r«rmiauentl 

his M.:^t's*y v!iii not reo 

ccindly, tl)at his Hoy a I 

ceased u, be Plrwce of 

thjt assi:mptioo, and o: 

whaterer t»..s vested hi 

such was at an end also; 

sav, the exrcutivc go 

would be entirely hi b 

the principles asamncd ^ 



6 E N E B A L H I S TORY. 



117 



0bM hf ffbis Inll i for last year 
ike comitrj only recognized one 
HRj but filament was now 
tei Dpon to establish two courts, 
keknouiable xuember then went 
irihe pecuniary provi<iii;n^ of the 
I and said that it went to form 
daoi'cr which parliament would 
t no coutroul, and that the 
Y purse, in>'t('nd of belonging 
he office of king, would come 
dong to the roan, which was a 
iplete per\'erNion of its intention. 
next made various observations 
ecting the Prince* debts, which 
iboQghc it would be better to 
.off at once, than to place in 
hands a sum ** to nneet certain 
laments of honour" to an uu- 
ifvn eitent, and with the possi- 
i^ of being unable, through 
^embarrasaroents, to discharge 
V> The cbargea of the civil 
I^.We stated to have exceeded 
(Mviis by a large annual avc- 
l|l^; whi€h had hitherto been 
illfuod from other sources, and 
Ihoe became insufficient, then it 
ivU be necessary to come to 
iSaiiiCDt. What was this but 
jodhect atalement that an addi- 
p-VM to be made to the civil 
t^ the amount of this a^'erage 
^fimU while in the outset the 
itft- wai to be curtailed of 
jOpOL enjoyed by his father ? 
tAn^ wa9» that this was a plan 
Ijim the Prince Regent always 
9§kf9lnt» always under the ne- 
of applying for something 

en. for which, no dcubt, he 

.^ve something to ministers 

Mr. T. dwelt for some 

IMffO Ac idea of distrust or* tl:*"^ 

t shewn in the bill, 

iKlVerted to tlie great in- 

MnAuenoe which it gnve 
f 'flBd he concluded wi\h 

LIV. 





expressing hb wish that it 
del'erred to a distant day, and diit 
a committee were appointed for ia^ 
vestigating all the matters which 
could throw light upon the subject* 
Mr. Johnstone raiadesonie obKT*- 
vations concurring with those of 
the Insc speaker^ particularly with 
respect to the importance of settling 
a sptcihc adequate sum tor the 
civil list, which should not becx* 
cccded ; and he supposed that ^f 
there hiid not been such a fund as 
the droits of admir.ilty to have XB- 
coursr to, the excess of 'chaiges 
would not have t:ikeii ^hu:^, aiid 
ministrr;* would economised better. 
He gave an instance of the wsmt 
of adhering to the sithct f^iinciple 
of tlio civil \ht, in a payment to 
Sir Sidney Smith of a sum for ex- 
traordinary disbursements in 179^9 
which was not paid till 1811.' This 
circumstance was explained by Mr. 
Matthew Mont.igue, ns the noere 
discharge of a debt for modey 
advanced. 

Sir Thos. Turton, from a cursory 
view of the doaiments on the 
table, would point' out one Item 
which in his opinion "^oUld reader 
the proposed addition of 70,0001. 
to the civil list wholly unnecessary. 
This was that of the diplomacy, 
the charge on which h:id exceeded 
the cstiniiite of ltj04 by no less a 
sum than o(J,OOC>l. He adverted to 
one particular s>:m char^jCJ,, which 
was that of 1 6,000 f r the Marquis 
\VclKsK7*smissjiontoSp3infprafew 
month=^; this might possibly be a 
very pn^per item, but without fur- 
ther investigation he could not 
know it \o be so. 

Mr. Whiihrcad, sfter alluding 

to the casts of Sir S. Smith and 

Marquis WcUrsley as proofs that 

further investigation was requisite, 

[C] called 



18] 



ANNUAL REGISTER, I8». 

or of tbe of the opposilioo menibers inggsst- 
Spcaker ed that tbe consent of bit Rojral 
lo assisn Highnesi should be exprcaly aig- 
luiuaii'jn nitied, before (he house could pro- 
de. The cced Id the business Tlw Chan- 
declare cellor of the Eidiequer then signi- 
sucb an ficd ibe Prince's consent, w^ch 
to be in- wns cotcred on the journals. 
:b excaa 'flie commr(lee on the bill beto^ 
indwl>pn resumed, Mr. Brand objected to 
ird. He the sum of 70,0001. remaining at 
;iLons lo the dispo.^al of the eiecutirc in 
to tbose addition to the present civil GsC° 
1. Mr. Adam rose, and made a parti- 
Echei]t:er cular statement of his Bojal High- 
made a reply of considerable length, ncis's afEiin, of wbicb he bad t>een 
ill which be defended tbe general a nienagiug trustee, which removed 
piinciplc of thebill, and explained Mr. B.'s objection, and leemcd to 
the cases of those persons whose produce a general wish that bi> 
g'anis had beer particularly tilliided Itoyal Highness sbould be relicTcJ 
to Mr. Ponsonby then recapitu- from the embarrassaient* under 
la ted some of the objections made whichhehadsolonglaboured. Tbe 
ba bij side of tJie bouse ; and Mr. 14lh clause being passed, tbe ISlk 
Adam gave reasons why it wai was read, on whicn Mr. firougbanii 
proper that tbe bill should go inlo ttrongly ot^ccted to the addition of 
 committee. The hau«e tnen di- the 124,0001. fromasecretfiindta 
vidcd upon the question, that the supply the deficiencies of the civil 
Speaker do now leave the chair, list, The house divided upon the 
which was carried by ]4l to ig. clause, and the numbers appeared 
The house baviog gone into a for it 105, sgainst it 33. The 
committee on tbe bill, the Brst other clauses were then read, and 
clause, granting lo bis Majesty tbe report wa« ordered for the fol-* 
during bij indisposition a further loving day, 

■am from tbe consolidated fiind was On January 18tb, the questloq 

read, and the blanks were tilled up being put, that the report of tbt« 

with 70,000l. to commence from bill be brought up, Mr. Broughani 

February 18, 18)2. The Chan- rose to state his objectioni to it. 

cellor of the Exchequer then pro- These cliiefly turned upon the want 

posed that tbe other clauses down of sufficient investigation into the 

, to clause I4(h should be postponed, state of thjC civil list and the grauta 

it being bis intention to diWdc tbe made upon it, and tbe separate in- 

bill into two, and incorporate the fluence which would be eftablished 

omitted clauses in a separate bill, by the pruvistons of the bill. He 

On the reading of tbe 1 4th clause, was bi if fly corrected in some of his 

by which ihc Regent declares his statements by Mr. Rose, Mr. 

intention «f transferring £0,0001. Bennec then made a speech of 

a year issued to him from tbe ex- £ome length, of which tbe chief 

'cheqaer,iuaJd(^theuvUUst,sonic topic was tbe influence of the 

crowa 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[19 



rran id lb: !1ouk of Commons, 
ihe pr^reu of which he tracinl 
hiiUrioUjr. Mr. Sheridan then 
rue ai ttie adrocate of the Queen 
uilbe Prince of WalcSj and rccom- 
ooHleiltliat the public should take 
vpa itidf ihe debts of the tatter. 
nringnisbiog all question of the 
ntanof tlie Duchy of Cornwall. 
Hk report at length waj brought 
ipiti agreed tn. 

Hk RDiaiiiing proceeding! on 
llu buiiaru afforded nothing new 
ftaaaaiaWt. HicwholearraDge- 
Oat vu finally distributed iuLo 



thret bills, viz. the King's house- 
hold bi!!, the household oflicer't 
bill, anil the regincy expenses bill. 
At the third reading, January 31, 
Mr. Bennet proposed a clause for 
inca pad <a ting such officers as held 
places in ttic household from litting 
in parliament, which wai negatived, 
■nd ihr. bill w^is passed. On its 
third rt^adingin the House of Lords, 
February 7ih, some observation* 
were mads upon it by Lord Gten- 
viUe, but n» debate ensued ) and 
the royal assent was toon after 
given. 



LC 2] CHAPISR 



20] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



CHAPTER III. 

BiVJor a [figitlj Waieh in London.~Debate o» i/ie Drei/t e/A 
—MoIKH fir inquiring into tht Juritdicttan of the Ecet 
Courts. 

THE horror impressed by tlie apiwinlmeut of the comr 

mtirders commitled in the waiilU beforlhatlodFcidr 

mrtropolis ai the close of (he last it wereadviubletoalieitf 

year, had occasioned many volun- entirely, or whether it ' 

tary atsociationii fur improving sufScieut ta enforce the 

the nocturnal security of the iuha- act. For hia own part, 1 

bitanti, which in general appeared incluird to enforcing tht 

to be inadequately provided for by system by adequata proviii 

the existing regulations of the po- to establishing a new c 

lice J and government at length concluded with making tl 

thought it expedient to take up the above stated, 

matter. On January 16th, Mr. Sir Samuel Bomilly < 

Secretary Ryder rose in tlie House himself much surjirised at 

of Commons to move for .1 cuni' fintHl terms of ths motioi 

tnitlee to examine into the slate of stdering the great alami 

the nightly watch of tlie metropolis, been excited, he Bhoi 

After adverting to the alarming thoughltbat acommitteet 

fact of the late murders, and to on the occation would hi 

the unprecedented muUiplicatbti it necessary to inquire 

uf offencra of a less horrid descrip* into the state of the night 

tion during the last three or four but into the causes of the 

months, he observed, that in former increase of felonies and 

times each parish provided for its That such an increase a 

own watch, and it was not till proved by the returns ly 

1774 that an act passed which the table, which be tu 

applied only to 15 of the most po- for, and which sltowed 

pulous parishes, and which ap- progress of crimes ia La 

pninted directors and trustees under Westminster for some] 

whoNC controul the watch, patrole. There had been committi 

andbeadles were placed. It could their trial at the Old 1 

be no wonder that this was found felonies of varioiu kiudv- 

ioiufficient since the vast increase la the year I806 - 

of th« metropoIiB, and many in- 180? - 

■tincei might hkewise be meu- 1806 - 

Uoned in vbich the provisions of I8O9 - 

the act were evaded or neglected. 161D - 

If the home should agree to ihe It would Mudy be ligbt 

 ConectedM tM) -f- Correctadto 1907 



/ GENERAL HISTORY. pi. 

I ■Wolie caiuciof thii augmrtita- one that the proposed obJKtofthc 

^1 of whtcli many might be committee was tufficieni, the other 

Qmrioaed, but at present be woulii lliat it wai iuiuflicicut. for reme- 

<Ml;iiotice a few. The honour- dying the existing rvil, He coa- 

alibinember then advened to the tended (bat nothing had been said 

s/MDofpuDiahmentbypromiscu- to prove that the statcol' the police 

CM ia^ionment, wiveh atsociat- onght to be excluded lirom the con> 

e^ t^ether the mont hardened siderntion of the committee, and 

oftoden with those convicted of thought that the propriety of ex> 

<=aDpinitivdy sUght crimes ; to tending it to that object was obvi- 

5-iEaianitation of the pdice itself ous Afier various remarks to 

i a |i>iag ivwards to ihe officera for enforce this opinion, be moved, b 

vkdetecdon of offenders of a cer- an amendm»)t to the original ino- 

'udeKriplioD, of which the effect lion, the additiun of the following 

'^n^ soffering a growth and mul- vvorib, " and hIsu into the slate of 

fdodon af crimes instead of their the police of the metropolis." 

VRRhtiogj and to the depravation Mr. Ryder aequiesced in Ac 

r^BonJsby Ibeenconragemenr of amendment of the tion. and learned . 

I^Atries. After dwelling at length gentleman, pro* idrd he would con- . 

»»(wi ihne tt^ics, he concluded senltosubstnutcthe«(itd"furlher" 

^ili hoping that the motion of hi.? for " also," in order that the pri- 

H^hnnurable fririu) would he mary object of the committee might . 

^JlUawn, and submitted in a be that which he thought of great 

Qwb more comprehensive fijrm. practical benefit. (To this alter'* 

ifc.W. Sonitli followed in con- ation Mr. A. consented.) He 

''•fca of the necessity of sadi proceeded to take notice of the 

^nMnion of object as that pro* accusation brought against the pi^ 

P<«i iy the last speaker. The lice officers as being never di»- 

Jait^aiinlen, he said, originated posed to detect offenders unlew 

■niMof villains about the town when stimulated by a great reward. 

^'^Meiiiteiice was not imputable This, from the best information, 

'o Kf deficiency in the nightly he stated to l)e unfuundcd, and he 

^^«di4 and tmles* some change was conviticed that greater efforts 

^^heprodnced in their disposi- had never been made lo detect 

^^' tke only effect of a more olfrnders than thnse in the metro^ 

^^gl gpt  watch in the metropolis polis during the luo last months. 

^m be to drive them into the Sir S. Romiliy nfminded the 

^■■fadinf Tillages. right honourable secretary, that a 

.SkeCbncdloroftheExcheqiKr reward of 700I, had bern offered 

SBHieaiMunberafremarkitoihew on the late occasions fitr exciting 

**Ht the conridentiotis above sag- their activity, n cons-^quence cf 

pMt ^Coiild not properly be re- which bad been the apprehension 

' j**^''** the committee proposed, of a great number of persons upon 

^djeot of which was to provide hate suspicion, one of whom way 

' " '' ' ' for an existing the broibrrof one of the murdered 



i'«"'^ 



^^ persons. 

Ai{iAlarcoBfy oboervnl, that Mr. Sheridan began a <peecb of 

^ 0(00001 bod bicn odratKed, sarcasm aiid Iramour united, by 

tig , pronouncing 



• 



it^ A N N tF A L ft B G I S TilR; \%n. 



pro|id«icfa|ig th« propo^tioo of tbo 
ligiM: h^iuMiiablo secftetaiy the 
sipMt tbat ;COttU po§9ib)y liave 
b«tt& made. After supporting this 

' amitioo by ndicoUog tho iiotioa 
^aj^c^ve inquiry into the stite of 
tbc; nightly wa.tch» he tiigressed to 
the^0onduct of the Sbadwell ma<* 
gi^ates on the lale atrocities in 
|bst -qwtefj to the suspicions 

' |}H:own 00 foreigners and Irish- 
inen> a[nd the. harsh treatment of 
t^e latter, t» the neglect in suffer- 
ings Williams to commit suicide> 
^d the unseemly parade of his 
^aeral. He concluded wilh re- 
^emmendiug to the right honour- 
a^^le secretary, that as be had shown 
t0i, nigfat that he had not as yet 
thought at A\ on the subject of the 
pdikf^t be would begin to think of 
\i wit^b^ all possible dispatch. 
. Other members joined in the de- 
batej of which it is unnecessary to 
\dste any further particulars. The 
question was then put and carried, 
i^d the coounlttee was named, in 
iphicb were the members for Lou- 
den, Westminster, Middlesex, and 
Surrty 

. With raspect to further proceed- 
ings on this sublet, we only find 
that on March 24tb the committee 
appoiBted for the purpose^ present' 
^d to the lK)use an elaborate report, 
in which they suggested, a variety 
of regulations and improvements j 
;tt)at a bill was framed upon these 
^suggestions ; and that on Joly 4th, 
upon the presenting of a petition 
against it from one of the London 
p^ishes. several members express- 
ed their disapprobntiou of its pro* 
vi«ioQ8» OS account of the expense, 
and the new and extraordinary 
powers whi(^ it would create^ and 
recomnieftded. :iu pQs^Kmemept, 



No fiirthef i^enlioft ^ it ecctiit*'' 
•during this session. 

On Januarjt ai^ ?^r.lr«ugha*,' 
purfioantto notice, called iheatieii- 
tion of the House of Comtnons ttf 
a question which he stated to be 
simply this, whethei- the cmwn 
bad the pdw^ to use certain sums 
of money without any grant fromf 
parliament, or even without it« 
privity ? That, to which he meant 
particularly to direct Ws observa- 
tions, was the enormous fond 
called the droits of admiralty, con- 
nected with which, however, were 
the crown revenues arising firom 
the Duchies of Cornwall and Lan- 
caster, the 4| per cent, duties 
raised in Barbadocs and the Lee«> 
ward Islands, and the surplus of 
the Scotch revenue. After some 
statement relative to these last 
funds, he went to that which wa§ 
his pecuRar topic, viz. the droits 
of the King as lord high adniiraf of 
England, supposed to be vested W 
the crown, because for the test 
century the office above mentioned 
was not conferred away from it. 
To' this belonged all sums aristfig 
from wrecks and goods ' of t>il 
rates; but the great bulk ci It 
arose from prizes, All ships "dfc- 
tained previously to a dcclarallon of 
war 5 all coming, in to port frMH 
ignorance of hostilities between d»i4 
and other cduntrics;^ all taken be- 
fore the issuing of prpclamafton, 
and those talceh by non-conimis^ 
sinned captors, were sold, and'ibil 
profits arising from' their sequdstra:i« 
tion composed the droits of adnu: 
ralty. By the last returns Imd. be- 
fore the bouse on May 30,,l6(ig^ 
it appeared that fhe sum .6f 
7^44,6771. had hcen paid in 00 
this account' since \YS*S^ ajd3/it 

Hngnt 



GENERAL HISTORY. [ss 

mzht notr be haiy it^ied >t eight paM from the BbhIc af England, oa 

niiTxau. Tlius tbc ctavrn wai the authority, not of cfaapfiVj imI^ 

TeceiriDg an annual revenue of bni of a warrant un4er the si^d 

mocettun ISO.OOOl. from a MpituI fnannal otiy, Thatthis manner o( 

uid lo be vrstcd in it of eight issue was vnccnstituiiuna>, be coR- 

aiiioni. The quettlons for the ccireil ihcre w:nild be liitle <!iffi- 

fcjux to decide were, therefore, colty in proving: nrid he rpfferreJ 

'ibttUt b/ hw the crown was to Lordi Coke, Clarendon, tad 

uyinltij posseiied of tfaete funds ; Somers as authorieiei to the potpoK. 

iaJ ifibis were the case, whether Conceiving thai ht had stiSeieDilf 

it «ere ufe fur the Constfmtion supported the positions above laid 

thitiBch a bw tbould tcrtiHin in down, he nowc.illed the altenlioa 

fad Mf longer ? of tbe hon<e to the practicfll ot»et^ 

Wiiii lespecC to the first of these mions arising out of the abuaei 10 

patitioDS, though he did not mean which thefiindaiJudedtofurnl^bed 

udnpute the grntral maxim that occasion. In the fint place it 

"ill prize veit; in the crown," gaveihc crown an intrreattn going 

TH Ik adducr^d various facts from to war, aod commencing ho.tilitiet 

oisMij and l.iw ts shew, that regal in a way the Icnst honourable to 

Jniti jnd impusitiont were con- the national character, lb illtn- 

■ifcied at destined to the service of trate this &ct, he aDuded to ih« 

deeoiuitry. He neil adverted to Dutch war in the reign of Charle* 

'ttfn^ortion which existed be- II. begun for the sole puipoie of 

tna the parliamentary grant] and inlerceptirg the Smyrna fleet; and 

ftamenue of tbe crown- prcvi* he did not hesitate to a Itribuie to 

"■djrto the Revolution. Before the same disgraccfnl origin the 

% poiod the expenses of wnr capture of the Spanish frigates at 

*erE not regularly iupplied by the time when a negotiation waa 

tliSaiaeat, but generally by tbe carrying on by the mtuisien at both 

^OwD, from those funds which it courts. He then pointed ont tlie 

*a« HAW ivintpniled were the pri- means it afTurded of accomplishing 

of the King. At some vile job, or paying lome 

ontry famished all worthlesi minion whose clainu the 

ir, whence it leem- minister would not dare to bring 

ibonld receive all before the cognizance of parliament 

a. Kii next argu- It was enough for him to have 

9 from ibelact, that shown that this fund was liable to be 

a( vaTlotU periods made subseT^'icnt to corrupt pur- 

inlofered With the poses j without bring obliged to 

the crown when it prove that it bad bren actually lo 

lie, of which fact applied; yet, as he aeemed to be 

iral initancei. He challenged to produce facts, hb 

to remark on the was by no mean< unwilling to pn>- 

I tbeae droits were duce ihem. Hr then, from thft 

plied. By whom- pnpen on the table, made various 

tre received, they obicrvations on the many large 

to the exchequer, additions to the civil li^t in the 

1 tbeace, but were picient leignby tbe niBit voted to 

supply 



be recapitulated KKsapf. |t^atav>- 
Tatiooi oi ttie foriDCripe^iar. 

Mr. Courtr-iuy aiX hisprioci' 
pal object in riuDg Was la ptotest 
against tbe priucipleof faaTJiiga 
atipeii£ary king, with an^covc 
£xed by parliament, nn^ nevjer to 
be exceeded. He thought tbe 
faoAoiirable aod learned gentlemao*) 
fuppositioD of the prerogative <^ 
tlie crown b<^iDg abused in tbe 
manner represented, im probata, 
and the danger theoretical 3 and 
he dcdaied his inieniioa of roiii^ 
against the moiion, 

TheAtinmey Gcneralbeganwith 

considering the first qtvstion staled 

' by Ms hen. and learncrd friend j 

whether the crown had 3 right to 

t the revenue in dispute ? In order 

' to show that his Majesty was sot 

dealing with, as his own, wbil 

I was not his own, he would refer 

F to the civil list acis. lathcJsiof 

• thrt present King, by wbicb 
I S00,0(I01. was settled upon him for 
1 life, as in former cases, .many 
 revenues were collected into one 
f aggregate fund and named speci- 
- fically, but among them the droit* 
t of adniitaliy wete not included. 
s "He then took a review of the prior 

I acts on that subject to that °f 
t William and Mary, in none of 
e which that fiind was alluded to: 
c it therefore remained with his Ma- 
B jesty as before. The neit coDSi- 
g deration was, whether it ought to 

II be taken from him } If a caMt.bad 

• been made out by bis booourable 
(enancc of the royal bouse- friend imputing to ministers tbe 
hold. fact of having corruptly takeoand 

Mr. 3rand rose to second the applied ihatfuod.tbeie would^vB 
motion. He thought it almost an been some ground for bis molio'>i 
axion) in (he constitution that this but as the question stood, (bey 
house ought to havr the duposal of were to decide whether tbey WV^ 
all the rcveoiie t^ the crowq, and take it away, because U wif voe- 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[S5 



^ftfe (bat it might be misapplied. 
Chi these grounds he thooght the 
.latisn unnecessary, and should 
ppoicit. 

Mr. Davies Giddy agreed that 
M right to these drcrits^ from the 
icnqucst to the present time, was 
"^sced entirely in the King; but 
lien any revenue was so vested, 
lere were vested with it co-relative 
-ities. The-ie were no longer re- 
aired from the crown, as the 
pn-enue was now separated and 
ranted for particular purposes. 
iji to merting the excess of the 
ivil liftt espenditure out of this 
and, he thought any otlirr source 
tetter than one so uncertain and 
yrccarious. On the whole, he was 
for carrying the amount of this 
fond to the public stock, or, at any 
Tate, leaving it with parliament, to 

^HXhe of it. 
Mr. Stephen, though convinced 

te the droits in question belonged 
tethe crown, would not go so far 
iitooontend that the house had no 
flootroul over them. He entered 

^some calcnlations to shew that 
h honourable and learned friend 

' lal orer stated the amount at eight 
. iaiQioas, and pointed out several 

Oittiderable deductions: and also 

^jVk^ in favour of the application 

i^tbe fund that had been made in 

/ftreral instances, which could not 
*^tthoat much inconvenience have 
r WHI eflfected by a specific vole in 
^Wtment. 

*" After some other remarks on 
^ift side, the Chancellor of the 
^tajeqner rose, and spnkp with 
^*fc seterity of the •' dtclania- 
i25j*lf*t!ack" made by the honour - 
^Jja'and learned mover. He 
Jrfcdjht it very extraordinary that 
S N >'a#ver should call in question 
^k Iqpdit J of these droits as exist* 



ing in the crown. He said that 
the gentlemen who had adopted 
the mover's side of the questiipD, 
had disclaimed any intention ' of 
stating instui(?es of abusOt and 
merely contended that there was 
liability to abuse } whereas a ma- 
terial part of the speech of the 
mover went to make the impres- 
sion that the government had been 
guilty of successive acts of abuse. 
He made some particular obiemi« 
tions on this head ^ and concluded 
with saying, that conceiving that 
the proposed resolutions stated that 
to be law which was not law, and 
that to be expedient which was not 
expedient, he should give them 
his decided opposition. 

Sir F. Bardett spoke strongly in 
favour of the motion, on the gene- 
ral ground, that the crown could 
not hold property on any other 
tenure than for the benefit of the 
public 3 and contended tliat it was 
now become the duty of parliament 
to controul the fund in question. 

Mr. Tiemey, though differing 
from his honourable and learned 
friend in the mode of his motion, 
yet agreed with it in substance; 
and he proposed the following 
amendrcent: "That this house 
having taken into its serlcas con- 
sideration the nnprrcedentod sums, 
at different nnd uncertain periods, 
within (he lapt '20 years, received 
and di'^posed of by the crown as 
droits, is deeply impressed with the 
necessity of inquiring into and 
ascertLiining the extent and applica- 
tion cf the same." If ihis motion 
should be carried, he would follow 
it up by moving for an address to the 
Prince Regent, that there belaid be- 
fore the house an account of the 
amount and payments from the 
droits from Jan. 1810 to Jan. 1SI2; 

and 



«6] ANNUAL REGISTER, I8I2. 

and a^50 tbtt a similar account be capiendo ffbove two years before^ 

}aid before the hoa$e at the begitv- where she was detained from, the 

jAs^ of every session of pariia* ioability of paying costs and fees, 

XQtot. caused the same to be read OA 

The Chancellor of the Exchfquer January 23> as the foundation'of 

had no objection to the production a motion. He introduced it with 

o£ a paper similar to that which saying, that haidng found upon 

brought down the account to May inquiry that no legal remedy ex* 

I810« continued to the present isted for the hardships under which 

time. the petitioner laboured, he bad 

Mr. Brougham, in reply, main- been induced to examine into the 

tained that the bargain between nature, origin » and histoiy of eccle^ 

the sovereign and the parliament siastical jurisdictions, the result of 

bad been abrogated, and that the which was a conviction of the ne- 

crown could liOt, with safety to cessitj of parliamentary interpo^« 

the constitution, retain such sums tion to rescue tS;e subject from their 

at its disposal. exorbitant and unconstitutional 

The bouse divided upon Mr. power. His lordship then gave an 

Brougham's motion, when there historical account ol the progress 

appeared fer it 38, ajg^aitist it gs : of these jurisdictions in tms coun- 

the resolutions moved by Mr. B. try from the time immediately pre^ 

were negatived without a division, ceding the conquest, from which 

Mr.Tiemey's amendment was then he shewed that they originated iil 

put to the vote, and rejected by usurpations, and that, notwith* 

exactly the same numbers as in the standing repeatedcomplaiuts against 

preceding division. Mr. Brougham them, nothing had been done in 

then moved for the aj^ointment of remedying their abiiscs since the 

a committee on the subject* when Reformation. He then adverted 

another division took place> for the to the present siate of the spiritual 

committee 36, agabist it 94. courts, and took a review of tlie 

It may be naentioned, as a sequel case of the petitioner, Mary-Anp 

of this subject, without entering Dix, as well as of several othqr 

Into the particulars of a debate persons, who bad suffered under the 

consisting of statements of indivi- process of excommunication. H9 

dual facts and their explanation or concluded with moving, " That a 

eootradiciion, that on February committee be appointed to' inquire 

2t5th, Mr. Brougham moved in the into the state ot the jurisdiction of 

house, " That a select committee the inferior ecclesiastical courts, 

be appointed to inquire into the and to consider whether any refer* 

application of the various stmis . mation is necessary to bie made 

^ received as droits of the crown and therein, and to report their opinion 

of admiralty,** and that the motion to the house.*' 

was negatived. The Hon. W. Herbert a|^eei 

Lord Folkstone, having present- that it would not be desirable w^% 

ed to the House of Commons a the law should remain as it wasi% 

petition from a young woman who many respects, but said that 36- 

had been thrown into gaol at Bris- inquiry into the proceedings erf" die 

tol en a writ d^ cxcommmic^iQ inferior ecclesiastical courts^ wou^d 

not 



; GENERAL HISTORY. [27 

cdnmtiythe evil. The h:!rd- occlfsh'stlcal law liad been im- 

•Sipiowiiilaiaed of inagrcatmea- |ir(>ved, and iiiulcr ihu guidiace 

samme from the jenlausy of the of the courts ut' cnnimon law, bad 

«?)aru of common Inwin regard to approKiin:iti:J to ilic cliatiges in the 

<be prcctedinga of ihe ecclesiai- situatioiiof ihecumitry. Tbenoble 

«iei]ct)urti,«'bich compelled them lord had brrn able lo select oafy 

mt drcuttoui mode of giving seven cities i>f what he called abuse 

^JTut to their dedsions, thereby *iid oppri-s^iun, and he had pmd 

-■^aLiiiciDg the cous. The Hppinol- in terming itiote causes, which 

^rnent of a committee could not wire in (act merely suits, the 

^giTC relief in any one of the points orrtinaiy procivss of ail whockimed 

"Ka vhich hii noble friend had legal redrtrss for an illegal wrong. 

^aUnded ; he thonght, however. Sir W. then proceeded to comment 

-■litre was one subject to which he upon some of these caws, and 

Xnd refeired, which was of great partirularly on that which was the 

siqnrtance, nimel}', the appoint- subiect of the p<ftilion before the 

sntafpcrtoot to exercise ccclesi- hoi.^e. After various observations' 

auicil aathnrity ia the inferior in defeno; of the ecclesiastical 

vmrli, who did not possess the re- courts, he s£Lid, that he did not 

^ninte ^ailificatiotis. pretend tc assert that their consti- 

Sir William Scott siid, that he tution might :mt be impi-oved, and 

•Buldhirdly believe that the noble in his opinion, a diminution of 

wna was himself aware of the their number woulil be beneficial, 

iBRtre and eflect of his motion. As lo the particular pnnishment by 

ni Ik tnuted the house would excommunication, he wished loiiie 

^•Bi before they agreed to the other were subsiiiuled in its place. 

jnfOKd inquiry. Let them cun> It appeared to him nn nbu^ of a 

'iiiiT the number of persons who rcligioui ceremony, and that it 

liutbebroaghtup to be examined would not bedit^cult to find asiib> 

fiom diflfbrent parts of the country ttitutc for it whith would bo more 

Vmespense they were ill able to efficacious, less expensive, oppres- 

*^lmge. Let them also tellect «ive, am) unsrrmlj-. 

^iwercry court, however inferior Sir S. Humitly spoke in favour 

'* it* jurisdiction, was entitled to of the proposed inqniry, as not of 

"^held in a decent iiatedf respect the extensive nature which hatl been 

"'l it was proved to have done represented, but only in the first 

S^JOcthing to forfeit il9 character, instance requiring an investigation 

-^O points which ecclesiastical of the cases p,;rticularly before 

^nirts were called upon to decide them, and of the state of the 

^'*re not so limited as the noble courts out of which ihry had issued. 

'"J'd supposed. They included nia- He thought much qooii might arise 

^monial and testamentary law, from it, esprcially if the right 

^hes, and many cases afleclin^ honourahlc genii' man, wbo bad 

.rbcaf-j rights of mankind. He diilinctlr exproirscd himself in 

^Qold nut say that soch jurisdic- favour of »n alieraiion in the ex- 

^ ooghl to be conferred on ihe isiing law, and whosi known ad- 

^^toria) Gonrts, but such they miraliun of established instiEutions 

M enjoyed for centnries. Our would preclude tbe danger of a err 



28] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



of innovation, would lend his aid 
in carrying the requisite improve- 
ments into effect. Sir S. then 
dwelt upon the particular circum- 
stances of hardship and cruelty in 
the case of the petitioner, whove 
only crime had bern the applica- 
tion of a coarse expression to ano- 
ther woman in the same low class 
of life. 

Sir John Nicholl defended the 
conduct of the ecclesiastical court 
in which the case in question arose, 
and also the ecclesiastical juris- 
dictions in general, at tlie same 
time acknowledging that the mode 
of excommunication was objection- 
able, and that a remedy for its in- 
conveniences was desirable. 

Mr. W. Soaith spoke in favour 
of tlie motion, and rt^ferred to a 
case of a seven year*s imprisonment 
of two females at Nottingham for a 
contempt in an ecclesiastical court. 
As to the objeciion that the pro- 
posed inquiry would cast a slur on 



the courts in question, he sai 
there not a standing order 
house that a grand commi 
inquiry into courts of justice 
sit every Saturday ? He con 
with expressing his opinio 
all other modes of rectifying 
abuses would fail, and therel 
would vote for the motion. 

The Attorney- General sai 
a challenge had been given 
right honourable friend to b: 
a bill on this subject, which 
not doubt would be accepte 

Lord Folkstone begged to 
formed by Sir W. Scott i 
was his intention. Sir Will 
plird, amidst cheers from a 
that if it was the sense of the 
that such a measure was exp 
he should certainly comply. 

Lord F. said, that with t 
derstanding he should with p 
withdraw his motion, whicl 
leave obtained from tlie bou 
accordingly done. 



CHi 



GENERAL HISTORY. [29 



CHAPTER IV. 

iiim M fit Stale of Irehitd—Ntw Bill to prohliii tie granliag xf 

OfctI m Bevnion—'BiUt /or the Putaihment of Fraiite-breahng, 
QMifir tie Pmervetien of Peace in tie County ef Notti/rgiam, 

'TQIE Kate (^Ireland, in which solicitor had been markiDg and 

X country the proceedings of altering the list in a manner that 

ibeatbdiciinfiinheranceortheir proved ihc eserciie of (he undoo 

pUn nt petitioning by delegation influence of government. Afler 

vooebaDd, and the oppoulionof lome observations on ihii point, he 

ihgDvcrnment to their measurei uid, thnt indrpendently of this 

« llie other, bad occasioned a circumstance, there were rafficient 

nadttaUe fetincnt at the close of grounds for his motion in the ilis- 

ibe pMt 3rearj early engaged the centents arising from tbe denial to 

uadaa of parliamentj and de- the catholic body of the eiijoymeDt 

latasniK in both bouses on that of the rights possessed by their 

tv^ ibe great length of which fi^llow citizens ; the injustice atitt 

^lomit us only to give a slight impolicy of which denial he pro- 

At^cf tlie arguments employed ceeded to shewj and be coocluded 

kflta principal speakers — a cir- with moving, " That the house 

OHincc, indeed, the less to be do resolve itself into a conunittee 

Rpnted, as the subject of the of the whole bouK, to take iato 

tidulic claims has already been consideration the present situatioa 

Rtidncd familiar to the public. of afThiri in IrcUnd." 

OnJanuarj'SI, Earl Fitzwilliam The motion was seconded by 

■ueiathcHouse of Lonls, inpur- the Duke of Devonshire; after 

mue of his notice, to call the which the Earl of Rosse rose, and 

■ftnkm of their lordships to the first remarked an the uncertaia 

Mnttiaa of a very important part grounds upon which the noble earl 

*f the British empire. He little bad made his attack on the Irish 

^OD|fat, when be gave notice of government. He then made a 

■motion, that he should have to nutnlKr of observaiions on the tnne 

inW the eiistence of cirautn- of hostility assumed by the catholics 

MusH whidi must add to tbe dis- in their conventionul messureg, 

flMenta already subsisting in that which necessarily required the 

CRBtiy, Yet, from the account vigour of government to reibt it. 

fUdi bad reached London by The Earl of Aberdeen argued on 

■• laat mail, he found that tbe the same side. After all the con- 

jn iovuineled to try one of the cessions made to tbe catholics, of 

jMUie ddegala bad been tam- what (aatd be) did they now conx 

fMi vUb, and that tbe ctowa pUia > Tb^ complaim was re- 

.aal*!:'';--' duced 



30] 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



dr.ccd to this, thai tlicy were still 
prcchidrd froni holding certain 
ortices in the state. Would their 
advocates contend that as a matter 
of right tli:*y rmild claim an admis- 
sibility to thcm> If that doctrine 
was set up, lu-, for one, wouidnot 
hesitJte lo dcJ'.re that it was not 
tenable. IIi» lordship then went 
into a vindicatiou of the mr-asures 
of ilic Iiifih goiprnm^nt, and the 
l-ito jndirial pr«)r: edings : and he 
cuicludcd with regarding the ques- 
tion as one of expediency, on which 
ground he should vote against the 
motion. 

The MijiCiuis of Downshire 
spoke chiefly to the act of union, 
and the failure of tJic assurance 
given to the Irish catliolics at the 
finxc of passing it, and which, if per- 
sisted in, \\ouId cause a prnnanent 
Krparation of heart and nnnd, not- 
withstanding n nominnl union. 

The Karl of Hardwickc alluded 
to his own a dm iu is (ration in Ire- 
land, and could see no reason wliy 
any penal laws against the catholics 
should remain in force, when the 
cause of tJieir enactment no longer 
subsisted. 

(Jf Lord Sidmouth's speech, the 
n;ust observable part was the view 
he took of the subject, in the fol- 
lowing terms : — He asked, was not 
this a religions question ? Was not 
the house called upon to protect the 
true religion established by law iu 
this country ? And must they not 
greatly detract from that estimation 
in which it was Cfismtiai it should 
be held, by allowing it to be sup- 
pcsed that tliey so ktr countenanced 
mass, as to put it on a level with 
the established religion*^ allowing 
it to be regarded as a matter of in- 
diflerence whether persona went 



to church, to mass^ or to th 
gognc ? 

MarquisWcllesley began a 

of great force and comprch< 

by a view of all that had bee 

by the Irish government in th 

tcr, the whole of which he vi{ 

ly defended, lie asserted t 

obstruction had been given 

legal exercise nt the right ( 

tioning by the catholics j ti 

Ci)nvL'ntiun act was a mea 

prevenlion proved salutary b; 

rience ; that due warning bs 

given tn the catholics of t 

intention of putting it in 

that the legal proceeding 

been just and dignified^ ai 

on these points there ^ 

ground for the proposed i 

He then proceeded to a 

consideration of the cause 

Irisli catholics, respecting wl 

said, he did not agree with 

the declared champions 

conriict. His noble friei 

Earl of Aberdeen, had mos 

styled it a question of mei 

expediency, in which opii 

entirely concurred. To 

(s'^id the marqnis) is the ii 

diate point between per 

and encouragement; the 

arics of these, however^ 

othf;rwise be ascertained, 

reference to the relative s 

of the parties, and the > 

stances of the state and tir 

is a clear and undeniable 

that every stale possesses a 

restrain whatever is dangc 

its security, and no sect * 

vidual can assert a right aga 

stare. On the other banc 

restraint caclnding any des 
of subjects Irom the adi 
possessed by the oooimun 



GENERAL HISTOEIf. [31 

TJ.wbicliCTnbeencluretl w!iile aach a force of discontent 

og M tbe [noUiblc 4ao- was arrayed ag;atnst it, a fores 

iucurred by iti removnl wliich would be digarmcd taost ef- 

fts miichief of iw con- fccmally by abolishing tbe causes 

Huar do«i this rea«on- of diisatisfaction. Hu thaa abtvf 

to llie catbolici of Ik- ed, tbat their de;ircs were not an- 

lit jatiiAcation remains reasonable, or the offipring of a 

luing the restraint of criminal ambition, but implied a 

y complain? The m:ir- just sense of the con9tiiaii<mal i-.^s 

declared th.^t, in his of the adrantaa'c!) they Ii:id al- 

the mischief of cuntinu- ready gained. Having rKprcs^ed 

M«n of restraint greniiy his opinion on these pointSj he pro- 

xd any dtii^r to be ap- ceed^d to say, that he trusted he 

iFom reverting to the s'lou'd not beiccused of a spirit of 
and liberal polii:y which prixrastination or delusion if ha 
ri the earlier periods of nuw objected to enter into a com- 
f» reign. The political miu;u lor the purpose of insLMi- 
cfscd by the crii;hi)l:cs uf taiieously removing tho reslriciiot)) 
irdcii matter lit deep re- under which ihccachulics laboured. 
[( niLiit be tbe policy of His rraioni for this conrluct were 
iiaie 10 connect ali pcf drawn I'rom the menacing attitude 
adiig such power with which tbeyaii'imed, their outraget 
1 frame of the commu- on the law of the land, tlie piisiinj 
;nd their individual pur- trials of the offenders, and the pro- 
be common interests of priety of giving time for Ihe return 
■d le altich tbe.-n by the of traiiqiullity before the voice of 
airable ambition and bo- puii'ion could be htard in a tone 
» tbe establiihed order au.ipted to tbe loiemnity ol the oc- 
rement. It was nut so cas.un. 

stioii whctheradditionid The Marquis of Lansdiiwae 

w?r should be given to wishod to inqui-'c how the k.i uo- 

tholics. as whether they ble speaker, after urging his anj'i- 

w be refused those ap- nifnts tot the reoiovnl of all partial 

n their political power restriction*, could come to hi« linal 

lid identify its exercise conclus'.rjns. In lii» mind there 

tereit) of tbe state, and could be no period more ap[iro- 

he bonds and plt'.dgr-'i of prlile for a full discu>i<=i:in of ibis 

tD|OTerntQeiit. Affr subject than the piC4(nt, when 

ji TCin of reflection far parliament was about e^tiablishjiig 

larA WcUeslcy touch- a new goicrnmetit. He then looli 

• <Wicate point of li.e a lir-.v of that partof llicm;m.]uii'i 

kn pixiteitant establish- speech which went to viu^Jicate 

twd; and contended, ibc conduct of the Irijh govtrn- 

ItaVnd of tbe ctitholic menl, itid aitunpied to shew tliat 

IB tv-liwn bping dan- it ha.l been w.iveufp, nnd tncon- 

4i*«MaUishDicnt, was sistuit, aud that the judicial pru- 

%<*MOaiiary for iu kB' cecdings had been deficii^ut in cin- 

WJtflOald never be safe dour and justice. 



52) ANNUAL Ii£ I GSTfili,' 1881. 



A wraiber of o^er lor& after- 
wards spoke both fbr and against 
tbe motion -, bat as tbeir speeches 
chieflj consisted !n recaf^ifulations 
of the ar^ments already advanced, 
it do^ not seem necessary to no- 
tice tb€to individuany. After a 
Very^late sitting,, the house divided 
do tb^ m«>tion ; when the numbers 
were, contents^ 42 ; proxies^ 37 5 
iotfl 7Q: non-contents^ S6; prox» 
ies^^i total, 102. Majori^ against 
die mcAion^ 83. 

In the House of Commons^ on 
t^, 3, a similar motion fbr ap- 
pointing a committee on the state 
of Ireland, was made by Lord 
Morpeth. Of the debate which 
ensued, and which was still longer 
aiid more copiotn than that in the 
itonse of Lords, Being continued 
Ibf adpumment to the following 
^y. It would be impossible to give 
even a summary view without oc- 
cupying more of our pages than 
wse can spare from other purposes. 
In general^ h embraced all the to- 
pics dlscnssed in the pther house^ 
relative to abstract right and poli- 
tical expediency, to the hazards 
attending the granting or the re- 
fusing of the caiholic claims, and 
to the conduct of the Irish govern- 
Boent in Its interference respecting 
the delegation of the catholics. 
One of ^e most admired speeches 
was that of Mr. Canning, who, 
taking the ground opened by Mar- 
quis Wellesley in the lords, main- 
tained with great force, and with 
much historical illustration, the 
|K>liticftl wisdom of granting the 
catholics an eligibility to all the 
offices in the state from which 
they were stiH excluded, but at the 
same time deprecated the agita- 
tion «if tile <}U09tion in parliament 
fiH men's minds were suffered t« 



cod". The other speakers, S t me y tj , 
comprehending aknost the la^iie 
debating force of the house,' took a 
deeded part either fbr, or agaimft, 
the object of the fTK)tion ^ BAd'on 
a division at a very late hoor' t Wr c 
appeared, for Lord Motpeth*s kiio- 
tion, 135; against It, 22gi mino- 
rity, 94 — SL proportion couai^e^ 
bly less than that in tllo otlier 
house 

It is observable, that altbdtigfa 
the terms of these motions kK^bd- 
ed a consideration of the gencn! 
state of Ireland, yet the sobyeet of 
the catholics was alone the mofelfr 
of discussion; whence these dis 
bates may be considered as oriff s 
renewal of those which had befoic 
occurred on direct questioiH Ireii* 
tive to the same topics. 

On Jan. 28, Mr. Banfees gtw 
notice in the House of Comftfof^ 
that the bill to prohibit the gnbtt- 
ing of offices in reversion b^hi^^ 
expire on the 5th of Fdbttaatjp^^ 
was his intention to render -Its 
permanent meastire, and he AiM^ 
fore moved fbr leave to btln|(ift« 
new one fsr that purpose^ wHEft 
was accordingly given. 

Mr. Bankes, on Feb. 7th ^^Mtf 
moved the second rea^^ng otf IhS 
bill, Mr. Dundas rose, ftnd;«la! 
that he should exf eet more 
stantial reasons than any 
yet heard from the h d tw ^ii tW* 
gentleman befcn^e be codtd '^e 
his vote for making t^t 'ptH^ 
nen^ whk:h had hitherto1>eM^M.y 
temporary. He uf)d^rSt«od'"tv'l6 
have originated in a wl«h bT-Vhe 
finance committee, that ih&tt iljfr 
core places might not Be ^MMI 
in reversion, whieh thi^ tf^|^ 
think it expedient to^SeMS; >MI' 
therefore a sOrspeMMofllM^^pcNiwf 
of the crow» batt W^ii^iSk^ '*^!^ 



QEfSEfLAL HISTORY. 



^ 



•.^ndb i» desire tbst this 
ft flf the prerogative of the 

I might not be destroyed, at 
iii the embrjro plans of the 
able geaderaan who re« 
Bded floch a measure were 
i> He also said, that it 

be to no purpose to prrss 

II here, since it would cer- 
be thrown ont in anotlier 



moved that the en- 
the jouniuU of March 24, 
f the resduticn ot' the house 
log ofiires in revrirffkin be 
it wa» as follows—'' Re- 
that no office, placo, em- 
Bt, or a»ataryi in any part of 
q«sty*5 dominions, oML»ht 
ir CO be granted iu rcvcr- 
He then said, ihnt the in- 
ioD ot' this bill was not in 
tconnected with any pend- 
liiy. Ht^ stated its origin 
f»mf, and said, that al* 
pat bouse, not being able 
nil through as a perpetual 
V- bad made it a temporary 
)f4iad by no means aban- 
beir fiist intention. Why 
wty to suppose that the 
•RBcb of the legislature 
oatlnue its opposiiion, and 
l^ble of changing its opi- 
fJk^ the evil propo^ to be 
i'jbf this bill was of a pcr- 
||9pe> the law ought to be 
(t . i i b ou : As a measure of 
f/rliB bed never held it ont 
4|DK:Fiipdaoe a omterial ef- 
(jjfmi flomnuttee bad dwelt 
iflt'Jifving a tendency to 
trlM^Vjlb feq)ect to the 
entile crown, it xended 
Uian diminish it j 
of- the crown were 




more con- 
b» aohatituted to 



it. The bill was also neoessax>.to 
remedy a growing' ei>'iL Maiijr 
of the places recently granted in 
reversion were not so formerly, and 
what was there to prevent suoha 
practice irom being extended^ 
Pmsions were now granted in re- 
version ; and this abuse could onljr 
be put an end to by a reprobatiqo 
of the principle sliewn in bodi 
houses of pailiament. >^ 

The Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer treated the biU as of such 
slight importance, that it was not 
wf^rth supporting at the hazard -of 
n (iilFercncc between the two houses 
of pnrliament. ". 

Sir S. Uomilly denied that the 
Mil which had several times re- 
ceived the sanction of the honfo; 
w:if: cf slic;ht importanoe, or thdit,' 
fls the rigiit honourable Chancellor 
had suggested, it had been prevU 
Gu.siy carried by popular cLimour.; 
and he repeated the arguments of 
the mover in its favour. 

Mr. Whiibread remarked, that 
the only two 'members who bad 
spoken against the bill were two 
very principal reversionists, and he 
made some pointed observations 
on the Chancellor of tiie Exche- 
quer's opposition to it. 

Several other members spoke, 
nil of them in support of tlie bill; 
and Mr. Ponsonby, who con- 
cluded, urged the house wit^ 
the ciia>ges of inconsistency, and 
inattention to the wishes, of the 
public, which their rejection of it 
would bring upon them. The 
house then divided upon tbe 
question of the second reading, 
when the numbers were, ayes, 
54; noes, 56; leaving a ma- 
]or\ty of two against the biU. A 
second division took place on the 
Chancellor of the Excbequefs mo- 
CD] tiei^ 



,^] AHNUai. ft£BI5T£B^ 1812. 



1.4903 Onit.tbaJUn ho jmiitkmQmA *immi of .Mug/ uiiiiii—J^:« 

:49Pe Uu^ liny skb monltM^ wkkb IM14» '«bpiiU< he JOudlHiaadiTto 

lbirddivi<imQ9lJiom)tioii''TI»t . Thfl^Etrlof Idm(ladid#iMi^ilK 

psfl^ jKMWf dp- DOW mlj^tB^" was 'vmild wyportlto'irnifiiAiicoistfp 

^irejacM^^&4Cftiiut*45. ordertogetridQrtfacicpeatfdiiidb- 

. Qo M^inch - }Q» Mr, Banket cusii^iii QtttlMLMib^MifwInekike 

^iQOvediaril«iiiet9brHif saebiU to tbooilrttfto^sd'taiaridB^ tiiiiy# 

)|>rmiH :lbe gffaoling ^ offices in lic» aod pPodusea^Abe wnii w u i m 

revertbn for a tiroe to be Kmiled. tbat an igipprtaatjiayi>yBii|Piri hr 

j^e fiaid dMH ^ piopoiad bill made. HeibefMmDt^oD to akav 

,9)ifioul4 te eiaedy tbe same with that thia^iroiiMl'.jiiii beviditi £ase, 

t^^t inllpdiK^ ioto tbiQ Hoaaa of por wooid tbe ^tt hMrenattjatMi* 

jjai» dprk^ the la^it jear» and ^sucf to radooa tbeanflusticd jo£% 

.which had pancd thai faooae. orowa) aad be^raaiarted %liat(^tfeii 

. Lfvivo being aoBordiQglygivanf he ^iofloeiioft was rauQfaritkatimowJa 

:j0»liediate)gr brought io the bill, thm (wahoiiaef^aiKliaA'bte^fieii 

which was read ^ first time, sipce his|)oikical^ittqr.<» nyiw d( r ' 

rHk^ leim of limitaiioo which it ed^ than at.a focmei^jpsricdb.i -y'^o 

tj»opo8»d was two years. No op- JEarl G^ wasjoaBcil tqiifafdas 

^yositioo being laade to it in ks assertion of biavobla. figteft^indv 

#iWesi« the IhU was broqgbt ioto begaa with obsarfliq;, thaMhsagh 

she HoQse of Lords, and ordered .he did not attach- tnneh* iaapprt- 
ibip a second ft$dmg on March 24. aoce to the mnnediatiBi operatidn 
Oo that OQca^an i#rJL Grosvenor of the meaiiire, jiet ,im attaoiiy^ 
jaaiitk t^ be had a strong aversion geeat deal no the ^piiBspfk^^-Bt 
^^.temjKwsry measiues, and was would wisd) to shewtor sbBe<ffH#e 
!^li)proughly, convinced that these of this conntiv^ strfBrid^ouaief 
fipnta. ought to ba entirely 9bo^ cacesaive jMirdeas/nillBt hfaalia- 
lj|^f:4« J^ msde a variety of ob- mcnt waa snatous -imh^wtiSmn 
-ffwyistian^ to ibew the importance thecn^ and.:W)benaiqoestiaB.-d£^iie- 
>filtm^m |iJK>litioni and asser^d, form was agitated^ sCr waa-e fiig a at 
ithat if it had taken place at the iaaporUnoe4batiSf8btniM.-%iKaaBr- 
^^il^pniQg <^ the present reign, se- ried thmngk. f^kstthnihiteua^ 
^^l^^aoes which now existrd ficae iniamsion^piodndngyfaflila- 
Jw^nld. have been abolished aitoge- lieved* an annual auaas»fiifiO|IKML 
- tAijsr^ JQ; the saving of many mil- which fixua being: itaaioBlchrtetaid 
j|ic^9 iQ th^ state; He coocladed not be regulated b)rfMrhtefbtt>99 



^^t]|. apnoi9a^ing fkift intention, being looked upon .in7Ske4i|[llt)€i£;s 
(iwbei^ Aos bill cam^ tp ba com- ireehokii tka^ wathoot: jit lai- 
. jaatttedj of moving to extend the cumstanoa they- ^acft^ldi ^isrobaidj 
ti^iUtion tp twenty years. have, been : abolished; ^l^TbiB^ ft>hlc 

..-. Qn. Aeinl 1Q» the house hav'mg .earl (Laudevdakr); bad tsjUUdMfe 
-.jisi^vi^itielf intoaoooimitteeon 4bat lhQAn&i0BQeo£jtb&caolantodn 
.,t^ Ull i^ qoestlopy Karl Gcosveaor jpmiuwffH b^d* :diminiake4 thiUp 
. rcuicrapd after repeatii^^ some of .was Mamof tha jtetiAsdRu-tiiit 
i^^^Fmer jFe^fk% moved, as an i9oacamedihttsli«scl(tniikapi^absK 
,,4up^<^si^ tl^tt the fluifpcnsiAP, ^ik was^i«ipos4eieJtp itiaibt x^ik»%rjti 
-^[. ioiuence 



^ f 



GJ&NERAL HISTORY, 



J, 



iss 



Mtf'^liid gmtljr iaeiMfed. 
iotf- under the present dr- 
aooes, could not be dimi- 
1: ihe DCher, be conceived 
be propoKd measare would 
»irf«en; and if it did not go 
«s be could wish, he ap- 
I of it fls a kind of pledge of 
30i incention in tbe house 
viF*y those abuses which it 
rheir power to remove. 
Earl of Liverpool said he 
t-niean to di^mss the prioci- 
tbe bill, but would confine 
r to fome observations on 
ncndment. This he con- 
» vent to destroy altogether 
iociple of the bill. The 
Id now was, not whether 
n and rerersions should be 
Jti, but wbether, with re- 
i:-ID certain inquiries p^nd- 
the other house, the^ would 
Hnuted time suspend such 
XBeais till the result of 
iquiries was known ? The 
lion« therefore, contained in 
1^ the profisions of which 
jBKpire in two years, was 
Me; but it would be a 
lyto cmict a suspension of 
^OE years nMire: He then 
M to make some remarks 
aaftnence of tbe crown, and 
pVkU it had not increased 
bd ioereasing e.<tablishment3 
Mmtiy in the manner stat- 
MiBOble earl. In concln- 
IJb^aiEdi the bill should have 
ywi'lithestate in which it 
pidii Ihe commoiia. 
i'lloiton called upon their 
pi la.^cofiaider what would 

" of die amendment 
ilo'lhe prerogatives of 

/jilessf which would be 
liiulijf iff operation during 
9/il^ TCtis; and be inti- 



'mated that the Heg^nt, 4)y gfi<iAg 
bis assent to such a bill, would be- 
come an unfaithful f^uardian of the 
trust committed to him. 

Lord Holland spoke to order, snd 
asked if tlie noble rarl meant to 
nssert that the Prince Regent was 
not vested in all the prerogatives 
of the crown, or had not a will of 
hi«t own ? 

Earl Morton explained; flnd^f* 
tcr ^ome further liebatr the amend- 
ment proposed by Lord Grosvei^pr 
was negatived without a division* 
and the report on the bill was of* 
dered to be received. It after- 
wards passed into a law without 
further discussion. ' 

The diftnrbi^nces in the toWn 
and county of Nottingham having 
continued Unring the wintiT, to tbe 
terror of all peaceable inhabitanls, 
and the destruction of much valu- 
able proptTty, and the practice W 
frame-breaking having been organ- 
ized into a n^nlar system, whl^h 
the exertions of the magistrates, 
with the aid of military force, were 
ibund unable to counteract, Mr. 
Secretary Ryder, on Feb. 14, -In- 
troduced to the House tif Com- 
noons two bills for the purpose of 
adding new legal powers to th<»e 
already bubsisting, for the suppres* 
sion of disorders now become so 
serious. He introduced the sub« 
ject by giving a summary accoiuit 
of all that bad hitherto been done 
by government in the matter, and 
by stating the causes which ren- 
dered tbe detection and appre- 
hension of offenders so difficult. 
He then said, that by an act of the 
28th of the King, the breaking of 
frames was a minor felony, punish* 
able with transportation for four- 
teen years $ bur this having proved 
completely inefficacious in deter- 

[D 2] rbg 



3^ ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



r'm» from the commission of the 
oflrncr, it was his intention to pro- 
pose that it should now be made 
capiial. He \va* by no means a 
friend to the increnic of cipii^l 
piiiiiihmeiUs, but (he pr-scnt situa- 
ticn of the sc-nc ot ilio^i illegal 
proceedings was exactly such as 
came within the delir.ition of l^ic 
bestancitni LnvycTh, wl^cn speak- 
ing of 3 btate ot things whit h cdicd 
for pevore puniNhmcnt. He tlion 
quoted tV^ uuthority of Sir Malt. 
Hale, j;ul applied it u> the exist- 
ing case of"N'"tiiagham. This was 
his fir' t measure; the second was 
to enable the loid-lirutt-nant of the 
county, the sheriff J or five justices, 
when disturbances existed, to call 
a meeting, and give immediate' 
public notice that a special mort- 
ing would be held for the purpose 
of obtaining lists of all the male 
inhabitants of the county above the 
age of 21, in order to sflecl from 
them such number of constables as 
they think necessary^ and establish 
watch and ward tliroughout the 
diiturbed parts. He might be told 
that part of this plan was law al- 
ready ; but it was law which had 
fMtn into diinse. The right ho- 
nourable secretary concluded by 
moving^ " That leave be given to 
bring in abill forthe moreexemplary 
pnnishmentof persons destroying 
«r injuring any stocking or iace- 
flramefl, or other machines or en- 
gines used in the frame- work kii it- 
ted manufactor}', or any articles or 
gobd* in such frames or machines." 

Colonel Eyre, member for Not- 
tinghamshire, seconded the mo- 
tion, and confirmed the Secretary's 
statements respecting the riots. 

Mr. J. Smith, member for Not- 
tinglinm, suggested, as another 
caus*' «»f the riots, bcs'^Jes the de- 



cay of trade, a custom ado 
somr manufacturers of payi 
workmen in goods char 
ycnd their val ic, which he 
deserved inquirinix into, 
sorry t«) say. that he nev 
n^ssod so mrich m''"5Pry t 
he wa:i last at N<>trii^gha 
allowed that tho inisch 
dr<!-aitul, but i\:]:: very u 
tlint l!ie p'Ji.ihhn'.eiit ol 
>hci.Id iv." ix^'^rul to. I 
an am[>lc tesiiiiio!'v to the 
abilities di>played by tiie r 
nourahle ^tcr,.t3ry in ihe y 
this husiuv^s-j, and gave grc 
to the conduct of the ma 
of Noltini;;ham, who, he 
their provision for keep 
pc.KC had gone beyond tl 
suvi' of the proposed bill, 
thfr observed, that the 
law against frame-breaki: 
teu'hd only to stockinsr 
and not to lace-frames. 

Of the other speakers 
early staqe, some recomra 
committee of inquiry previ 
an enactment which cons 
new capital oflence, and 
the case was not of urgen 
cient to demand hasty n 
especially as the mover had i 
Icdgcd thai the disturban 
been gradually diminishii 
were now nearly subsided 
declared themselves convi 
the immediate necessity o 
measures. A division u 
motion at length took p 
which it was carried by 
stgainst 11. 

Mr. Secretary Kydcr th< 
cd, '• That I'-avc be given I 
in a bill for the more effect 
sensation of the peace wi 
ironnty of Nottingham^ a nd I 
and county of th»? town of 1 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[37 



iidve wai according]/ grant- 
I die two bills were brought 
Tad the first time, 
lerhert then moved, ''That 
uttee be appointed to in- 
ito the lale riots in die 
of Nottingham and the 
{nag counties^ and what 
rgal provisions^ if any, are 
r for the suppression there- 
ilso the steps which have 
en for the discovery of the 



•• 



Secretary Ryder argued 
he appointment of a com- 

wholly unnecessary ; and 
sion, the motion was ne- 
y 40 against 15. 
i). l/i Mr. Ryder having 
ar the second reading of 
ir the more exemplary pu- 

of frame-breaking, &c. 
ircromby rose to declare 
fiovB to the bill, chiefly 
oand of its being ineflrc- 
ts purpoife. He was fol- 
several speakers on both 
lose arguments difi^ered 
a those advanced on the 
sading. Sir Samuel Ro- 
pse attention had already 
iculariy directed to capi- 
bpients^ took a leading 
^iiosition to the bill. He 
iufolly to talk of the ter- 
^0Dld arise from conrert- 
liiiishincnt of transporta- 
|S(rteen years into that of 
jB ope would always have 
pqltal influence upon the 
ibai|l with the other, and 
Miiwer for it, that this 
^pot tend to diminiiih 
f|P[.,ibe existence of this 
Pp^llCtribated to a con* 
pnypresBing evidence, 
.Ajpifftttr punishment 
jBpqic to keep wit- 




nesses from coming forward. The 
bill was totally directed againllr 
individual depredation, and n6t 
against the conspiracy which had 
given birth to the disturbance*. 
He complained of the want of exa- 
mination and inquiry^ and said, 
that in after-times it would asto- 
nish an English House of Com- 
mons to find, on inspection of the 
journals, that in a case of life and 
death their predecessors had upon 
only a few minutes examination, 
adopted a measure of so much im- 
portance. 

Sir Arthur Piggot, on the same 
side, observed, that if ever a legis- 
lature took a wrong step, it waA 
when there existed a degree of in- 
dignation against persons who had 
committed violent aggressions 
against private property and the 
public peace. Before any one ask« 
ed him to extend the punishment 
and make it capital, he ought to 
prove that the law bad been eo* 
forced and found ineffectual ; but 
as it did not appear that there hjid 
been any prosecution upon the 28t(i_ 
of the King, there was no auth'o-) 
rity for saying that the law: wit 
not adequate to its purpose, ex* 
cept that there was a necessity of 
extending it to the breaking of 
lace-frames. 

On the other side, the peculiar 
danger and extent of the outrageii 
which had been committed, wat 
dwelt upon as a call upon the le- 
gislature to enact some more se- 
vere punishment than bad hitherto 
been applied to the case. The 
house at length divided on the se- 
cond reading which was carried 
by g4 against 1/. Mr. Ryder then 
moving that the bill be committed 
for to-morrow. Sir S. Romilly 
moved as ao aoieudment to subati- 

tatff 



$%l AmJV^V^E(^iSitn% UH, 



tute Wednesday, which was nq^- negatired. Two pr o poaa d aiimd- 

lived by 80 against 15. ments were agre^ to; one, that 

It if not necessary to trace the the atiemf* to destroy ^mes 

further passage of this bill throneh should be made only a miademeas- 

the House of Commons, since t^e our ; the other, that it should not 

additional ilebates were productive be imperative upon the person la- 

of no new arguments. Af^er a jured to proceed immediately to 

Uiiad reaHiiig on Februai^ 20, it prosecutej provided he coiild«Mr 

paned vHthoot any other Sin^ a reaaoDaUe -cause Ua bts^May. 

sion. The biH waa then comoMtted^ tyip 

On Feb. 27> the bill was order- peers* Lords Lauderdale and Bih»- 

^ • Ibr B i^obd reading in the iyn. eniering a protirat agifi^st ifk 
Vinsst td Lords, when the fiarl of I he d^ate watfadefiy naoii^JL 



Ijivairpoo^ stated its ttature aad ns^ on Blafi^-S, on the motiotv £k 

^btanitf. "•■•'! * the tfaini readitig» but it- 



Lord idyroo then rose, and in without a division. 

llMfim«perah tie had made be- The feUow-bill, for tte':pf«iQw 

tbti thitt'iuaembly, described in nation qf the pence in the txnm 

'Veir'^ttong !te?ms the diatiesses and county of Nottingfaan^ttiifli 

%lnokliad^driv«i rhi^ peor maoa- brooghr to ti oooMnicte^ on ^ck, 

fatt6t«r<iio-)a6(s of' outrage, and ts, wlien, on the 8Uggeia|iai^^*flf 

^rxpr^tased his detestation of the some membera ^-estctadiag^ in 

tdngtdtary -s|Arit of a measure provisions to tive B6%lriK>aDig 

ipvbich, "li^( contended, had only counties, Mn Seeretary fifj^KU 

'toeif ^eMrtod to in coflse^it^eoee if moved, tlurt it<he an iRititlcUDa« 

^e-nhgteotjof govemnaent to ap- the committee^ that> tb^y Im^im- 

t^ tiimly temvdleifor th^evU. powered to ex«md di& timtiaiaai 

^ cOcb^r ^#da in opposition spolce of the bill to any other cotmiT)^ 

^fSfi^n^the Ml, wirh even greater Great Britain, wlikdi w«a-iigioad 

aeveri^'thi^ had been nsed In the ta k-^ i :.. 

Ubitte ot» Ooftiknoti!^ When the repoit tf tber 

-"^ Ji^yfAm (ttme oi the 4ehate^ the mittee was bfousht vp op 

••hmi^dkiMM 00 the motion of 26, Mr/Ryder aaod/that 



I 



'lUHth iauidp?daie to adjourn the biH had been! before fbd-iiaoa^^ 

^isduasiod till: Monday^ when there had reeelved several* t iHnamjiiiii 

-i^^»p«|hkir tontontii, ly^^ t^on^cun- tions, which had made fttiaaNwaMe 

-tenia, '101) mMority> lis: aAer to extend i^^ fr«visiei» Air.ile 

<M4)kh* the biU was naad. His Whole klngdonn -^^[^t hfft 4M 

^)dnMifip*s naoilon, that the jndges been, in rooseq^iande^ nii^ii'imnMI 

be ordered to attend on Monday, led iflranany pa^^^«i<^iiMriii«atMe 

4»ai negiitived* was iulmitied for dttfUBafteu^ aha 

Upon tlM order of (h^ day for coiiuiiittee« The d anw as p th en j#mh 



■S 'v 



'the oommktal of ffae bill, Mait^h through theoomniitiw £ H«*}«rW 
1I> Bart €>rosvenor roae to move the No "fonhtrr 4i«iiiiott>is 



' 7#^harge ^ the order. The dp- mpeetinf ' tfaiil • bHI^ bkidb)3i«riHi 
iMMe or^ thereupon i«n€nv<«d with the fonai€r,^psliBedi4iiiei^iidi»>4na 
- thenaime' aigunvints which- had bpei>ation^of?botii:qf^*tlkinnihs|piili 
1 temMba oatd, and tfo^ueition - imtM tm^UhPthn, f6M^&M' to 



Wng put upon tlie motion, it was 



CHAPTER 



GENERAL HISTORY^ 



[99 



CHAPTER V. 

/Atf excision of Mr. Waish'^Retu^uoI of tJic Gold Coin mid 
Note Biil^^Motpm of Lord Boring Jon for an efficient Admini' 
^'^Proivinanjor the Princesses. 



VATE marter, which 
ducusflcd in the House 
ins at the early part of 
, is entitled to notice, on 
'its involving a principle 
ooentary law, though 
ic might have been pass- 
the pablic history of the 
r. fienjamin Walsh, a 
£ parliament, had been 
a very gross breach of 
ik business of a stock- 
ir which he bad been 
ae Old Baiiryj and con- 
elooy. He had afterwards 
hit royal pardon for his 
7 the ground that it did 
ly amount to felony ; but 
ning a member of the 
\A nor but be regarded as 
r^ to the dignity of ihut 
...Oo Feb. 25^ on the 
» JMr. Bankes, copies of 
jrelative to his trial and 
: ^vcns laid before the 
IsfHi order was made for 
■tee oa the 27ih. On 
pithing more was done 
^Mme preliminary steps 
Mitocaeaingi. Repeated 
M^faeoa made for Mr. 
mwww i c ^ with which 
loMpply, but stated by 
ieillihibat the proceed- 
bktiDbe-jhoQld not be de- 
IHtmllODt^ Mr. Bankes, 
|Ml»ifrfliB, And after a 



I 



speech setting forth the enormity 
ofthe offence of which the moid* 
her in question had been convicted, 
and the practice of the house of 
expelling for notorious crimef, par- 
ticularly for pecuniary frauds and 
breaches of trust, he moved, ^ Tint 
Benjamin Walsh, esq. a oember cf 
this house, having been tried at 
the Old Bailey, in January last, for 
felony, and convictrd thereof, and 
having received a free pardon* by 
reason of his offrnce not-amocinting 
to felony in the opinion of the 
judges ; but gross fraud and nptiK 
r>ous breach of trust baTing- beini 
proved against him on the said 
trial, is unworihy afld unfit to con- 
tinue a member in this house," 

Sir Arthur Piggott> in opposltiM 
to the motion, adduced various ar* 
guroeots to prove the incomplete* 
ness of the evidence before the 
house of Walsh*ii guilt, and lo 
shew, ihar although he l>fld dis- 
graced himself in the eyes of so- 
ciety, bis action was not of a na- 
ture of which the house couki take 
cognizance. 

Mr. Bathunt replied to his ob. 
jections, by shewing that there iivas 
sufficient proof of moral turpitude 
for which no circumstHnces oT mi- 
tigation had bern adduced} that 
the house was not bound by ledi- 
nical rules; and that e\'ery one 
mu»t feel the gross iodecommof 

. inch 



»0'J ANNUAL RF.r.ISTER, 1912. 

such a pW5[iii si',i;n,rr in t! ^it rfr ;!:til ii!'p'"'ti.ili*j-. Tbi 

r1;ir?. .'.; - .r I'lic hn'i=f w.ii 

Mr. Ab'Taoinby si::;:-'., iV :t cl<-vri; l'i>'''i^r''--.ii'!Uioiiol* 

there were liiret- gr'-.i i- :<■> ui li;nl jii'-itil iiinw-f so un 

o^-s KHOH whiui i!i!>: ^^■;^r h.ui in.iiiUr, i:s v.;i' nwnifiitb 

;r*-qiif.ii;y l:«uca!ii.i'. ui-tni m «- Jiv'iioii, wi whi'li Mr. 

fyi,r. ::-, ii;ht of i.::.iii:Ki'/!i : 1. ii-rtion wa-. i-,;l;^-<1 by 10 

roics ijf c ■:i'.eiu;ii of \\w liou*' ii- Itj. !how;.h suiiie vury rt 

srlt': 2. brcHcbc-- ut {.uJjiic iri'i>.i : uam* s a;^|A.i^.'(l in ihe mi 

inbi)t:ithne tlit iionw t^Miliictl 'iJiu g;.jidroin (ind b 

its jurisdtakir. upon mum! a';:! so- bill, wliidi bad txcittn] 

lid principlf^i; : :i, when (ktsous li?..) 'lisciiMi- ii in thi- Inst k 

btxa fi-.and guilty and ptiniiiied }iarli:iiiicLit. vl-JlH again ti 

fur j^rois olVuncc). In tbcic last to llic notice of tlio i 

caics, the iioiijc pniii ih:ic rpspcct Conimnm, on Martli 1? 

to ibo sentence of the bxi-«, .iii'.l to rniiiiiiii from the Chancel 

tljc liiwB thcinscht^, ;i" lit deem IJjttlicqiicr, for it* cont 

snch persons unlii tti til in tbat with curtain ameiHlnient 

bou». lie then eiut^avnured to a few prejitniiuii'y obsen: 

shew, thai ihc prosmt cnsc was the oourse which he i 

widely diffcrtnt : that the record of aJopi, which wflsthitofi 

coti*iction wai inconiplrte, and ihnt the bill should be n 

that if a special verdict had been before the holidays and 

taken, there would have been no and a day be appointed 

conviciion. As to the tnerc itn- recess inorderthol gentle 

moralityof the act, bethought that Ireland might be prcsri 

principle might be carried tn a dan- diKiission of the various f 

geroui Mtent, and that it would he moved " That leave b 

be i-ery diflicnlt to draw the line to bring in a bill to con 

and determine what sort of breach amend an act of the lout 

of trust sliould render a meniber pnrlinment. for making 

liable to expntiion, and what not. tactual provision for p 

The Attorney-General confessed the current gold coin of 

that the subject was attended witli from beine paid or acce 

a good deni df diiliculty. Of the greater \-aIue than the o 

casesofvspuision which had been hie of such coin; for 

quoted by ditFerent members, that ing any note or bill of thi 

of the diitctnrs of the Cbariiable and company of the 

Corporation came the nearer } and Kngland from being re 

if the bouse had proeeivlrd npon it, any smaller smn than 

not a^ 3 misapplication of lie puh- therein Fipecitied ; and ft 

licmoney.butasannctof K'OSiidis- proceeding tipon a distre 

hrtnesiy, the act committed by Mr. der of such notes; and 

Walsh wa? at least eqiuilly diiiho- the same to Ireland." 

ne&t. Lord Folkstone rn^K it 

Sevfral other me(iiber5 spoke on Jy stage of (lie buiinetis 

tfaedlBcrent sides ot' the (juesiion, upon the confident ir 

U'hlcbwasdlKiusedwitbmiichtetD* which the right lion, j 



GENERAL HISTORY. [41, 

WMrodmd a motion, the 6b- giren of the nibject, that di9icul-« 

j«tof«iuch wuneither more nor ties pmsed i<puu it on all iidev, 

itt ibn that of making bnok and thai notliing reniained but a 

acnttiepitendui indhe.made clioui; nf evils. Tiie mintsterii 

■MM obttTvatioDE on the cxleniioa hnu'tvei', wtre lupported' by a 

of ifae lull to Ireland, ihouch Lord large niKJorJty, the division on the 

Cactlocigb lud liat year purlieu- muiinn givin>r ayes 61 ; noct l()j 

Jarl^ objecied to it, becauK bar- mnjoiity -m. 

gaiuin tbe north of that country On April lOlb, the quoitioo b(K 

hdnj inade for paymcnU in gold, ing put that ihe House do reK>lrQ 

HvMddhaKthccftVctof defraud- iuelf into a committee an tbia 

ing (ba creditors. bill, Mr. Parnell rose Co move aa 

Lord Castlercagh having made an amendment, that furtbcr pro 

naa eiplanation relative lo hii ceedings be postponed to this da/ 

ofiaiga a* referred to by the lutbJc fortnight, tbr the purpose of ap. 

M. Mr; Ticmey ipoke wiih con- pointing a select committee to tn> 

wiwibie warmth against the pro* qiure into the state of tbe curreocjr 

fHd msaaure, against vhicb, as in Ireland. He tben made m 

 Gkely to bring on a most dan- siatemenC of the situatluo in which 

^hdi crisis 6n the country, he this currency m'as placsd; frota 

■Inaly protested. which he concluded liiat the onljr 

'31m Houk divided upon the etffct of the bill in Ireland would 

Mboa, which waa carried by /'.I be lo take the money out of the 

^■BK ad, a&d leave W3s accord- pockets of the Uiidloids and other 

t given ta bring in the bill. creditors, to put it into that of 

tbe faction for the second tenants and debtorii. HU dcxaaDfl 

-Ming <)f this bill, March 26, a for I'lirtbcr inquiry was supported 

iAilc arose, in which several by Sir J. Ncwpoit aud A&. Pon- 

^Dbera on both sides partook, sonby, and replied to by Lord 

Ha argumenta against the mea- Ciistlereagh :ind Mr. W. Pole, and 

■b weie chiefly recapitalations the Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

tftktse before employed to show Thr. House then dividing ou tbo 

>.lb» dinger of making, in ctlect, question forgoing into a contmit- 

^kftk aotea a 1^1 tender, and tee, it wne carried by 87 against 

Mriliplying paper credit btyond 27, 

lll>-«ini and limit. With these The mniion fi-^r bringing np the 

>*>a iotard the injustice of ex- report, April 17^K was opposed 

^■ftiiaf the law to Irdand, in by one tor fldjournnicnr, which 

idni'lMFta of whi<.'h leases and was negutived by lUi 10-45 ; after 

«MMctsof long standing existed which tlic reception of the report 

iiaAftpBymsnt of gold, and the was pcstponed to thu 'iUth. Oa 

4piiaiiiiii of paper was ad. that day liic debate w;u renewed, 

i'MMed- lo 2£ per cent. On the and anoiher division tcwk place, ia 

Ikw hand it w^t coutendcd ibac which tbe briugirj; up of the re- 

•iMlorcvila would arise trum Icnv- reprirc whs carrii^d by ayes 138 

*ni|'leiianu at the mercy cifrapa- ai;ainst nnc-, 2(). Lord A. Hamilton 

'iJtpii.lfdliiiili Oil the whole, then proposed 3 cl.uisc lo confine 

from i))o views the d)vidci)cl of pa-fita to tbe pro- 
prietara 



^fVlPtWtw*lBO'ilMK w JiQgpiaii.al if tt WXaUilfmlLlfi m IWHf I WW IIMIW 

101. |iero0fitt.4u<iegkbeopertikm on thk kUl^ timi tbal ky ,km 

«f tl^ hMi his o^JkK:t being 10 tmeodiBttiita. it m efiect .soson* 

ffvA the iMwfc'arv Int^tst to the riehed ibai pacpoiaiof jm^fl pii^ 

iDoomiiilsneeiiioiit of pajroioncs io Sbnk of £iigi»d jx^bs kgid -te** 

^ecie* Itwa$ negatived wttboot der, to whidL.tbe4>illof the^pro^ 

fk divWot. Mf^ Taylor proposed oediog >Mr bmd mado^Mick ua 

a diuiio to compel, tho bask to •pproxiinalioo f smd that by disiiff 

IMifNbj^ tbfr«ilipltt9 of profit above lowing any ljniitBtioa.o£ tbat jeen^ 

301«. per etiit in jrtie porcbaae of panj In the isioe of it» vo^fB, and 

iitillloiirwiitcb was also negatived; tunrecnictod powier of ootniog aii* 

ipdttho samo ^vione attained Mr* ver tokens of lefts than their nom^ 

ilfltiqst<|iii^*s . pnopoied dense |o. ml .vakie». the wiiole dicQladaff 

lioiittbaittoeof baoK^Botes. medium of the countvy is plam 

r The iShsviceUor isf the £sdie«» in. its hands. Thai in the pce^eat 

4^air: peopos^ the amenimeot of tiate of things sneh m caeasure was 

lal^ng amy from the landlord the Ihe, wisest policy* nn^ be Jmes 

j^gjkt itf^ejieotaieot a^ trader of hut it mnst be aduiowledgodr tte 

jbttihtq^tefe inr payment of rent by soch a state has never beifore^oo^ 

^itiiif:^ ThiwMmsmkf^ curred in £nglith h^tory. ^ 

ffitftA hf Messes* Horoer^ Br^nogn- Among t be parttaaieiiilafy^fdiaK 

:sam» and others; aa depriving the cnssions of tUs^aessteo, ooeof aJbe 

JabdkMiDf his 4111^ remainiiqp r^ nsost reoo&rkabio related ic^ 9h» 

:nerd|r^ aodnnking tm^^aotes^ to diffierent attempts under the Be- 

^ inteoie smd' porposes^ a legal gency» now freed from itajeitFk>. 

ieader> . It was dcJendBd on die dons, to form a aewior aistraagtia- 

etlMT siile».as containing nothing ened adminiftration;..^ Thdr^^JiaiA 

tiew^tn priflcipk, and passed nrkfa- been made publie in the wmmAi «f 

Onta dinsiob.i The bill ivas or- Febnuoy ^ letter from the Pdttee 

idered* £x a^ 'third reading, and it Reg^t to his beother the Bafcft?e€' 

flDetcwithnsrftirtfaerjopposiiioo m York, j^preanng a wofa Jlhal?!^ 

Ibe House of ConamcHis. this ''new asra" bis ^ trnts nu m m . 

On the order for the second migfat be strengthened. 1^ t^ 

t'^ipg of this bill in the Houaeof esssion of some. of j these 

IiordSy Aprik 2&tb, a discussion with whom the early hebi 

««)kr plsc^ ID which the :ai^. public life had been foiled. i 

jnents against ;a compubory paper desiring ^nt thisinmh ft^ht^lae 

'eefoency were recapifenhted by the communicated ton I^otds'G^i^asd 

epposers, and- were vepMed to fay Grenvilles and arisolhe lettat/flf 

aninirtcrs and their supporters, reply inm those iortb, sir wluols 

who Gonttodbd fer the necessity they state tbelasposslbAttynf tkeir 

of the propused measures. No unittng^with the fiUninnr nwhtiinil 

tliviiion ocourted in its passage ftatioo, on aooosmt pf d^tevniDea 

^through the, hosae^ but a stiong of opinsas GoncBnMpgiithBJ>iliOit 

^seolest against the third reading, tospoFtaot polkiealiipisirfniiaL (6m 

.i6gned: \^ Lords Laodeidale and State pspei»). : i-t-vj j vt^<n>ti 

BnsslyBfe waa entered ob ike On Miiidk l^tb, ;LB>d»foBi^. 

laaeoals* dotv aae in lhd» iiquw ^ jhoMs» 

for 



GENERAL IIISTOHY. [« 

tt tbt farpato of moving an &r u poHlU^ tbo'cufidcnet mi 

adirca lathe Prince Rcgeai, be- goodwill of all cbsm Of bm 

tataag him to loroi in efficient Majeiry'i fubjecii. TlMt Id the 

■AninitHation. Ihk moiioo, hii prcKtit itaie of Iieliiid it it, ia 

kakhip: laid, cDtirelj a^inated our opinion, impouible that tocfa 

frnUonelf, and arofetrom &d- general confiijence and good* 

iiipd'a ponly public nature, and will should be enjoyed t^ any 

Huxiaui wiJli for avertiDg ihe adminiitraiion, the charfloteri*« 

wm olamiLj that coold brfal lie principle of wbote don w il fe 

tie Mnpire— that of a lepantion policj, » well ai the bond of 

■f the two Hiter coiiBtiiet. He wboie cononcion in office, U the 

wtot on to give a view of the delernunation sot odI* not' (• 

BMoion of tlw nnpire at the com- rccMnmcnd, but to rrsMt, a fair 

MBcrment at thii net* kib, with and diipauionate ooniidentlan cf 

iCfM both to protpenm* and ad- ihoae civil dinbilitieit miderwkich 

•■Be nrmmitancei; and after liii Majeity'i lUaaBn-catholicattI}* 

■Uiog to tbe correipondence jecti in that pan of the mlMl 

«bi had been carried on be* kingdom Hill labour, and of wUok 

(RtD tbe Prince Brgent and ttic ihej complain ai molt grtWoUa 

Iva noble kxdi above-mentioned, and oppiewive. That we tbenfiaK 

KKdng to an authentic, though humUj eapreu onr ansiou hope 

aaaffiaal documeDt, he ptuceed- that hii Royal Higbnen may yet 

rt patlicuUrly to notice tbe de- be enabled to fomi an admiMitTt- 

diat^boMiliry to the daiim of tion, which, by condliating the 

^iiih Catbolica declared by the affectioni of all dcicriptieu of tbe 

Mnminitina. He wai will- community, may nxnt effi^nafly 

1% however, to hope that not- call forth tbe entire lewnrcet af 

Mwtmding the retiual of tbeie the nnited kingdom, and may af- 

Uilo unite with tbe preient go- ford to big Poyal HighoeH ad- 

Vnamii upon tbe ground ot the ditional meani of oondocting to'a 

Mmeei ihey had atatcd, ihey aucceufu) termination a war In 

Sil might be the niedinm of form- which are involved the aatety, 

^Madminiitration upon abroad honour, and prcMperity of this 

*A'iibcnl bant. He conclnded country." 

^ipacb by moving an addreu Viscount Grimitone rising to 

ifvm- ninoe Regent, in which, expreti hii dijKnt from the tno- 

^Am stffemoni of oteem and at- tion, said ihat it appeared to him 

VAprait lua Kmral Highneii ii that in the noble Lord'i apecafa 

Ihi^ 'wld, " that fitr tbe at- wme degree of hlane was impatfd 

4ila«t of tbeae otqecti (the to the I^rince Regent for tbe man- 

^AoK of tbe nation abroad, and ner in which he had condocted 

^iltiiHiiillil/ and faappiaMi at hinuelf. He wai prooeediu, 

^*)il appeatt lo ni to be esKo- when he wai called to order Wt 

"Mill itw ailiiiiniiliiiiiiiiiii kiImiIi making a perional alltuioo tethe 

1^ i^al bighneia may be gra- Regent in a debate. Thit ooca- 

vMt flia^rt to commit tbe uoncd a warm debate on the point 

ft^l^mmtvt bit affiun tbonld oforder; which being lennToated, 

AA; AMHMbA h to mtt, ai Iiord Giimstoiiej after mcndoping 

*; the 



it} AJ*NUAL KEGISTER, 1812. 

. attended instairt i and where fac Wd^ lite 

tb rnoved rest were obliged to follow. Tbc 

moiion, noble Lord tben dwelt at Bome 

: I omisstoQ longtb oo tbia topic, and shoived 

, he substi- how necesiarj oltinuuc conceuioat 

)f peiifeet to ttie catholic! tud been considered 

3tiduct of by the greatest polUicaL character!. 

ixroeut 4f lie wotildnot stale what tbttopinioa 

of the Prince Regent oa this bead 

to ipeak m^ht be at tho p:eaent momeot, 

ras inter- havii^ only that of his respoDstble 

I if irregu- advieen to look toj but he could 

ocumant, not help nying that a Tery gcnenl 

lefbre the hope wai entertained by the catbo- 

a rose on lies, that bis Royal Highnesa was &- 

ich termi- rourable to their claims, and ibUa 

Dftted Ui . Lord Darnl^'i attert- new zra would by the course of 

ing his tight to consliler ihem as nature arrive, when bigotry and 

Itiiihcatic. His lord&hip then pro- appreaiiog should no longer uppoie 

f&ded. and i^ainly alluded to cer- then). Though il wa» Impossible 

^tn »ei.Tet advisers who had influ- for bis noble friend and himseli' to 

enced the Begeht to continue ihe onite with men who differed wUh 

-came ininisiers who had served bis them in so fiiudamentAl a poii^, 

Jalber, and whose continuance im- did ii follow that there were no 

pliod destruction to the hopes of others with whora they oonld a>- 

ttie catholics, and consequently, - alesce ? oi' if both partiu wen; 

dettnictioir to the counlry. put out of the question, nere.ih^ 

He was followed by acveral not oClierE to ^rm an administisT 

other lords, in whose speeches the tion without them ? Iftheattdr^ts 

catholic question was the leading should be carried, and tiie Begent 

t6pip; bitt Ihc most interealine could flod others of wboin lie 

was that of Ixird Grey, in. whioh might form a cabinet, holding the 

be stated the points which had in- same opinions on the catholic qae»- 

dnced himself and Lord CrcnTiUe tion wiih himself, they shpn^ 

to decline an union with the pre- have his warm support. 

i£nt ministers. He began with Adveitiug to the qn^tioos 4t 

ackoowledgii^ that the motion issue between this country mift 

appeared to mm substaniially in- America, bis loi^dsbip said, tbatif 

. tedded to produce a change in the it was imputed to him tfiH.be 

■dminiitration. Of this adminis- w^ disposed to give up one siji^^ 

ti^oQ it might be said that it was . right, or to abandon aijy piinilipte 

. fctined on tie express principle of . connected with our euenttal mi^ri- 

resiiiance to tlio catholic claims, time interests, the imputation w^ 

This wa^ the principle loudly pro- most false and groundless, , i}6„ 

' dairaedl^y the person at the head would go as far in suppo't of im^ 

ofit, fcora ibc moment when interests as any tnao, aMbtfe^h^ 

beqUittedtbebar to tajte a share should sUll (hiem it pep^jary ,16'' 

.in.pgl^Ka' IttCf '■'P to- the jKcscnt wcfgh the tiuc value of 'tHq^^K. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[45 



fre«t9, and to guard 
iklng 3 sacrifice dispro- 
to the object to be at- 
le could not lose sight 
iciple so WL'U expressed 
rke, " as we oocbt never 

war tor a profitable 
we ought Li ever to go to 
in unprofitable right/* 
iKubj^ct of the state of 
:ion, his wish vas to re- 
jch «is possible to tnie 

and keep the circu- 
lum within due bounds, 
not follow that he held 
{•ipensabic that the br.nk 
Doediaiely resume cash 

He avowed, liowevcr, 
passable line of separa- 
1 between him and the 
niitry with respect to 
of making bank-notes 
ider. With ^t^pect to 

advisable in the affairs 
nsula, he certainly was 
id to sav tliat it was ex- 
imediatoly to rocal our 
\ he did not wish that 
proceed on that expen- 
\i warfare wi«hout hav- 
militr^ry *':ii.hority as to 
\t result. Chi this sub- 
ifclt at so.iic length, for 
e of she'.viijg that the 
n" that quarter did net 
my sanguine hoptrs. He 
liFith what appeared to 
kbst momentous of all 
Mis against the present 
jov^rnmetit, *vhich was, 
Ae of an unseen and 
Mluence behind the 
•said it ,was his root- 
ible principle not to 
^Without conning to 
liAgUrith parliament 
df this destructive 





Lord Mulgrave denied th^ exr 
istence of the secret influence 
alluded to, and avowed the hos- 
tility of the ministers to the catho* 
lie claims. Lord Moir^, asserting 
that he came to the House unde- 
termined how to votc^ siiid that 
he was tixed by what had fallen 
from the last noble lord ; for that, 
if nothing else but the romovid of 
the present ministers could give 
the Roman catholics of Jielant} 
any prospect of obtaining 4 re- 
dress of their grievances, such a 
change ought to be rapturously 
hailed by the whole country. 

The House then divided upon 
the amendment : Contents, pre- 
sentjCK)) proxies, 75 j total, 165. 
Noii-coutents, present, 43; prox- 
ies, '29 i total, 72. Majority for 
the amendment, ()d. The orig^inal 
question was then putj and uegiiT 
tived without a division. 

The parliamentary proceedings 
with respect to subsequent ne* 
gocintioDS for changes in the ad<* 
ministration will come under con« 
sideration in tlie order of time. 

On Match 20th, a mcss.ige was 
sent to both Houses from the 
K'iiicc ilegent, resjHicting a pron^ 
sion for the Princesses. It stated^ 
that pui'suant to powers vested in 
his Majesty, the kin^, by Ictfert 
patent bearing date the 2d of Feb, 
lfe02, had been pleased to grant 
to their Royal Hi^^h; eiscs the 
Princesses Augusta -Sophia, Eliza* 
beth, Mary, Sophia, and Amelia, 
an annuity of 30,0001. to take effect 
from the demise of his Alajesty; 
and his Royal Highness being de- 
sirous to provide for their establish* 
mi nt by an immedicite grant, re* 
co'.n mended the subject to the 
coD^td^'ration of parliament. 

On March 23d, the message was 

taken 



 1^) AMNCrAt REGI.S.TEK,' HI4. 

m HI the toU«9widit|>e'()aseQ; «ad«k*ii 

sChanod- w« oq tbu Kcouot that (he«tUi- 

oviDg d»t tioo of lO/KWli! had beonsuteio 

ita a ooat- her income, fm it gm 4fficaliito 

pur|to«e. imofiDnoa wh>tadMtr-flcoatntt<il 

d objected cmiKl bav« btea made. Witli ne- 

tke ebur, (pect k> the pij'nKac: of tbciftio- 

ioaihould oenof Walea'idebubj'dwninfXf 

HUM da^'j be thought it one of'tiat mou 

itioo* ra- cota^eie juggle* that waii em 

flbe coo- haerd of. for  ptrxm tamJintAe 

^ich the to paj the debti of jn»tfacr-no 

Ueodeii to tav* theexpeaK (o the ptAple, 

large nun wbea be ckric^ to get t»:«n(i) 

rom which <M)l> paid bf thtK lamc pc<a|iic^'? 

nal charge The motion Iw ttw MBCHloiBtl 

conduded being ptft, and negatived WithMt 

sDt of tub- a dif iaion, the on^al jqurMiaa 

Lhj" 10 the wat carried, and <he: Hoitta^in' 

soked itldf iirio a comautMc^^m^ 

lie Eube- cordingly. IWChincrtinpaf -Ibe 

,iqueri in leplyi fint abcwed the Bacheqner llwu made -a. rt atc aintt i 

! pqundletaneu of ihc htm. gentle- ot the piopoxd grant.- Hv ^Aa 

man's apprahcnsiont ceoccrning n~ti — hirh hnl rnnMnrj hin majw 

. the cdniolidaled fund ; ^id then ty to grant aa aDotiitp to' abt 

.entered into toine statement* to priooewet ia nsca ef bw.donthkt 

prove that it wai a mistake to lup- 30/3001. wa* In be ttmded feoaoog 1 

MMe that there wea a laige disposa- the Priooeaiea titee liawc i -il'^ttaek ] 

'ble fund in the bandi of the sufflber iboidd £ill to Amv-amt 

Prince, lince bo had taken upon wai (o bavo lO.OOlM j: if to tmkt, \ 

bioueli' the pajment of the debta 3O,00t. was (o be d 

of the Pripceaa of Walea, to the tbem j and if onl)' ooe « 

amount of ^j^oOOt, and so large 12,0001. wa» to be alleUaA loi berl 

,a pan of bit income as 70,0001. The melandiolf fimirtit^nn 

^bad buca ^ven to a catniniasion which l»d token ptaoe-.ini 'tfae 

'under the neal of the duchy of Royal Family rendMcd it miLua 

Lancaster, Ibr llie liquidaiion of sary that the .candttian<LflCi<|fae 

ttuEse debts wbicb bad been I'riocestea ahoaldr be cm 

brought before the Huuse. as if the dcioiae of the,]* 

. Mr. Whitbread concurred in had actually occurred; apdlbbuafa 

the- propriety pf postponing the they might still form apaitxif die 

commiuee, on account of tbe con- domestic cetablidimebt iti y- mA . 

tndictory ■tatemrnts made by gen- ser, be tboitgbt it of imporU«x 

llainen on both sides of tbe House that tbey ibwld b« enyblo^- lb 

irota the very same papers, whicb form separate astabiisbnniMaifft^^ 

jprt^ed that a fortber investigation chose it. He would tbcrefenr pnt- 

was.necestary. He, f(x one, bafi pose, that to. each «f (faealobr 

aoderwml 1^ ^e lyiMsaata kxk FriocMtes tbsic^aqM favgnwiad 

1 ,-„! ._ -  tbe 



OEIfERAL HISTORV. p7 

Afiam of 90001. per anntun, ex- and to the Cbsncdlor of the'tx- 

dvtne of 40001. from ihe dvil cheqnei's intrmate knowMgc'of 

lit: at the death of une of (hem, (he circumstances, as Iiavitf)^ been 

Ike anriron to have 10,0001. her Royal Highnns's coutitel md 

oA; and the tame to continue ctiampion in the inreitigadon 

vbta there riiould be two lur- whicli had been so much talked of. 

inm ecifi the sole lUTTivor of This hint rrom the hon. goitte- 

ttevhale to icceire 13,0001. He man seemed to be a signal fbi'tlie 

nnddded with naoving an annu- memben in opposilieh' to take up 

ilT<f 30,0001. to be gfanted to the cause of the Princesi of WiAea, 

tbe-Kiog fur ibe purpose above- which became the printapal tefiic 

Rradaned. of the rrmaining debate. In tho 

Hi. Tiernejr did not think the conrie of it every prorocatiOn «u 

•an Mated too mnch for separate given to Mr. Perceval to indoce 

rw Mnhii >e u u fbr the Priucesaei, Flm to open on a subjfct with 

tarhedid not see why it should which he was supposrd to be lo 

hs ufcen for granted that they well acquainted, but nothing more 

nnU desire to cease fonningone was obtained from him than the 

fcnly aa at pr ese nt, in which ca«e, following declaration, — That nn- 

the sqm would be greater than th;r in his capacity of connsdlorto 

tmmij. His greatest objection, her Royal Highness, nor in any 

'Water, to the pnaent vote, was other character whatever, had he 

^■■tece-mcal way in which the anychargeagalRstherRoyal Hi^h' 

-l^uns' to the civil list had been neu, t%U)e means of bringing fer- 

'Wb, aad which had Impercepti- ward i iy charge, and that he never 

'%sri*ed at an extent, which he maantmcast the slightest reflection 

Mid, tDchiding the sum now de- upon her. As to this dlictisaion, 

'Mndrd, to be of the enormous he had no delegated authority; no 

"^iWiil of 1 ,668,0001. Bethought rommanda to propose an additloiAl 

■kM the 36,0001. propoard might grant for the Princess of Wales. 

^«ved from the civil list by a Nevertheless, if he could ctdtrct 

'*flamnital inquiry into i» seve- that ii was Ihe sense of parlament 

'latbraiK&eaof expendituie, which that an addiliotial provision sboold 

^Mtiu4K)t; however, t>e efirciually be made, he had no doabt that he 

^(■Kle while the right hon. gentle- should ahuttly be fully authorized 

^iM'teld them that they might to recommend it. 

■hbniine McsuBtt, but should not Such, however, was probably by 

^iteiBe iKiaoDi. He had another no means the wiih of the gentle- 

^kanvation to make, which was meninopposition, asitwdnldhave 

^iik'Tecpect to the provision for been too inconsistent with thdr 

f^-Princea of Wales, which was profi-ssedunwlliingness to lay firesh 

'y ioadrquate to her burdens on the people. Afto-more 

e was the wilie of the conversation oti the subjoA, the 

,__, and a* much the repre- resolution was put, and agieed to 

Mitm of the qnera, as the Re- without a divisiDn. • 

t via of faia Majesty. He On the question for the thlnl 

lalhidnl n ^ separatioii be* leading of the bill formed nnca 

 Ugh putlea in qoMtion, tbU molatioD, April l^th, Mr. 

Tiaaejr 



«] ANNUAL REGISTER, mz. 

Titrnpy roie to iCate hi* objeetioni. quer made a reply to only 

He could not easily con^prcliend the objections of ilie last 

why the prcMiit act was lo take bfcnuse ni^i';y of hij> ar 

pl»ce immediately, when the for- were Vl■h^ily inapplicable 

iner wjw intended to take place quesiiou li!ii>ro Mie house. 

till the king's demiir. It was respec; to tbut uf the Tui 

Dot to be supposed tbat ilie rimiable v>'!ijl'[i the mini was lit be i 

Princesses would nbuiidon their he thouglit the hoii. g; 

Royal parents in their afiliction to cuuld scarcely be scricrai, 

sprn^l^fl.OOCd.aycarundi^ranotlicr wa^i noluritms ihut the hf 

roof. He would piu the qm.tion revenues of the cronu had 

directly tn the right hon. L^ontlr- m ihs cm. ii.idatfil funil. 

man, were the I'ritic^h.<i(*s to kive not believtf viiat the prinre 

an cslabli'ihment inik'pc:id;:nt of any intention ol setting u[ 

the Queeu? Km, what was lo be , rate establishment, but it 

done witli the saving tbat must in reason that tliey should I 

that case arise out of the civil list pellLslloa residence at Win 

as to the *e»cral expeniiture of li'c ring the rest of ihtir lives. 
Queen's household? He also ob- Several members spoke 

jectcd te tbe fund upon . which sition to thcbill; ntidthci 

thcue annailies were t-liargfl, of the l'rincc«>i of Wales w 

which was not the here<litary re- brought into the debate, 

venue of the crown, but the conso- turn to some c]nestions oti 

lidaied fviud, tixruby giving no iect put by Mr. Whitbre. 

chonceof areliefl'rom ihispn-^iurc Setrctiiry Ryder observed, 

on the public. The ilifTureut items he knew any thing of th« 

ef the joiot esUbll-iluui-'nt fur the of the public on this topi 

Qufwn and her dau^'hters amount- was no part of the condiK 

ed 10 184,0001. 3 J eir, and wannnt hon. irenilemcn opposite w. 

this >iiilli(;icm in sui'i tintes? At- eresti"! more disgust and d 

trr tome other ob'MViiiiotis on ti:3 button tha,i ihe manner i 

houseliuM estabii'ihiiient, ^^I,ic!l he they had introduced tbji 

denominnted an ingr niou« ria<..e of to the iiouse. 
pmviding for ihoMj who had the A division took pi 

good fnniitie to be iii favotir with Mr. Tierney's amcndmer 

ihemiiiisier, he moved the nmeDd- 34, noci, 101. The 

ment, instead of in'iu-' the bill clause was then ugreed to, 

from Feb. IBlii last, lo limit iu bill was psbsed. It im 

taking eflect to the king's demise, no opposition in tbe H 

The Cbancelloi of the Exchc- Lords. 



QEKEBAL HiSTOftY. [0- 



CHAPTER VI. 






Febmarr 37f Sir Thwraai country into such a sttuatipn, 

[\irton iutroJuccd in iht: tliat tliey n-rrc afraid of look- 

of Cumnipns one of thoje iiig vi tlic evil, and iacapaUe of 

ion the.kt^teu^ the nation sujjpiying a renieiiy. 

ire'coninionat ihcbcginnio^ Air. Robinson rose tooppoMtfad 

Ut have gen I? rail)- no motion. Hu ia\A that oucb an 

:haa to give hrge ioquirj as the house wai nov 

cpabqrs on each side ciillrJ tn enter upon, embraced not 

defence of the mea' only fiuestiuns which had been the 

>y govemraent. The subject uf past, but many that 

roaet ia his speech were to form that of I'uturc dis- 

Lteoded rie*' of the ciMsioiis, of which he gave in- 

affiiirR, foreign and stances. HcpivxcrtKledtojustirythQ 

1 letrcapeclory and war poticypumiedoylharainiitteR, 

which be infeneJ and recommended perseverance ia 

oUcy in the pluns uf ihe contest. 

L nielancholv pros- Mr.Lambsiipportedlhemotioo^ 

«V"it>g in thr tame and alluded to llic loss the riiinistiy 

lUUieo^ssaTy here to had sustained by the scceislon 

1 Already conitilu<C'l of the Marquis of Wellesley, 

laiive of hiitoiy, or will be which he con^^iJerfil as rather ag- 

1^ thowQ ip the parliiimen- gravatcd by the accession of Lord 

ncee^iogs. He concluded Casilereagh. 

Dg, " That this bouse will Mr. M. Montague, in a speech 

itiplf iato a committer of which s<'cmed to excite niiicb di- 

ic housn, to take ialo con- versiun in the housR, levelled mauj 

blbe state of the nation." sarcasms against the oppositioD* 

u seconded by Mr. Tighe, and alluded prrKinjIIy to the ho- 

lugcd Dpon some of the nourable .nemberfiir Bcdfurd. This 

Oodiiced by the honourable notice called up Mr. \Vhiibreadf 

■nd laid iu the conclusion, who rciortcd by on animated 

tanch a crius ministers re- attack upcn the administration, and 

K cominitiee, it must be a defence of Loriii Grey and Grcn- 

It thgr bad brought tbe ville for relusiag to coalesce with 

UV. [E] them. 



50) ANNU(AL REGISTER, ISia. 

tbeiD. The debate tbencsefortb be- trade to Frenoe and the oMUttriei 
came Qething more than a contest dependent upon her, at the 
between the n^inistert and the c^ time insisting on American 
pofitionistSy in wliich the politiod coming first to oar ports and pAjing 
points at issue between them were a tax there ; and also to the order 
recapitnlated 5 but although several of April 1809^ partlj royoking the 
of the principal speakers took their former orders, by opening the 
share in it, there can be no advan« trade with the north of Europe. 
U^e in occupying more of olur pages He then took'a luew of the ejects 
with topics to whiefa to much space of these orders as to their opraitioa 
has already beoi deroted. The on the enemy ; theur operation oa 
bouse at length came to a division, the neutral ; their infiuence oo the 
in which there appeared for the commerce aod internal resooroes of 
notion 13^, against it ^20g, majo- this country } and their effinns on 
rity 73. its maritime policy. Under these 
The subject of the Orders in heads he made a number of ohaa^ 
Council, which constituted so' im- vations which are -incapable of 
|k>rtant a part of the negociations abridgment, as they all referred to 
between this country and the United particular ^t8« One strikjE^ re- 
states of America during the last mark of a general nature we aha& 
year, appears prominent in the however transcribe. If (said tiie 
pariiamentary discussiots of the noble speaker) at the time of Uic 
present year; and although th^ir revolution in America, any ods 
nnportance has unfortunately been could have foreseen that the wbok 
diminished by the event— ^r the commerce of continental Eunfc 
Americans decided the question by would have fiillen under the koo 
arms, whilst our senates were de- grasp and dominion o£ France, 
bating it— they cannot be passed they would have looked to the 
over in a relation of the principal estaUishment of an indepeodeoc 
occurrences in parliamentary his- state on the other side of the At- 
tory. lantic, out of the reach of Frcpch 
The House of Lords having power, to become the carrier of 
been summoned on February 28, our commerce, and purdxaaer of 
in consequence of a motion of the our manufactures, as the gre ate s t 
Marquis of Lansdowoe, and the boon that could have been given 
order of the day being read, the us. Sbch an event had occusted 
marquis rose to call the attention of as if providentially ; yet thta gicat 
their lordships to the Orders in and inestimable ad vantage had been 
Council, and to the system of destroyed by the Ordersin CoonciL 
policy yi^hich had resulted from His lordship then adverted^ to the 
those orders, so irjorious to the abuses of the system of Koeoces, 
manu^turing and commercial in* the number of which had incieaaed 
terests of the country, and to the ^rom 4000 to lOfiOO in the jFear} 
welftre of the state. He specified and to the system ci aiandilka 
the particular orders which he and disrimulatbn by which oar 
meant to consider, to be thoseiasued commerce was now caniad osv 
in November 1807/ prohibiting the and which bad throwadiMiediMa 



GENRAL HISTORY. [^' 

the dcci^om of our prize coifrts. relative to t|be original autfiora- trf* ^ 

He finally contended, that every these ordcra, he said it was dti** 

plea on which'the orders of council graccfol to the legislature^ and - 

bad been founded was proved erro- disgusting to the people, that mea«» 

neoois by the experience of four surcs which affected the best in-^ 

years ; and he Concluded by mov- terests of the country should be 

lag '< por the appointment of a discussed not upon their own mc- 

. select committee to take into con- riti, but as questions of consistency 

dderation the present state of the 6t inco'nsisteocy on the part of this* 

commerce and manufactures of the or that administration, 
country, particularly wii^ reference After several other lords had ' 

to tbe effects of the Orders in Coun- spoken on the subject, the house 

ctl, and the licence trade. divided ; fbr the motion 34, proxies 

Earl Balhurst, in reply, went 37, total 71 ; agamst it 66, proxies* 

through with grt*at clearness all the 69, total 135; majority 64. 
particulars whic6 could be adduced On March 3> Mr. Brougham^ in 

m refutation of the arguments of the House of Commons, made a 

the n6ble mover, and endeavoured similar motion with that of tbo 

to prove the great advantages which Marquis of Lansdowne, for the ap* 

had arisen from the system adopted pointment of a committee upon tho 

by government. He also referred Orders of Council. Of his long 

to the origin of this system, which and elaborate speech to prove the 

he traced to the administration of impolicy and mischievous effects 

Which the opposition was now of these orders, and of the argtr-> 

composed. He assigned other ments used by the other spea^rs 

causes for the late commercial em- on both sides, it is impossible in* 

barrassments, and affirmed that an abstract to give any adequate- 

the clouds were now dissipating, idea ; even on perusing them at 

and favourable prospects were length; the mind is distracted by* 

opening: whence he could not reasoning opposed to reasoning, 

accede to the proposition submitted and fact to fact. The time, how* 

to the house. ever, was not yet come in which 

Lord Holland, in replyjng to the question could be regarded 

Hie last speaker, thought that it apart from the consideration of the 

would be an acceptable thing to support it was to receive. The 

the house to bring back their at- ministers were still resolved to 

tention to the actual motion under maintain their system, and of 

consideration, which was, the ap« course, the votes under their in- 

pointment o£ a committee of in- fiuence were given against the mo* 

qairyj and he argued that the tion. It was, towcver, truly 

more doubt there was, which of stated by the mover, in his reply, 

the many orders in council bad that the votes of this night were to 

produced the mischiefs complained determine the point of peace or 

of, the greater was the necessity of war with America. The propor- 

such an inquiry, that it might be tion of members in favour of the 

repealed. With respect to the proposed inquiry was greater in the 

t9fk introduced by the ix^e cari House of Commons than in the 

[£ 2] House 



491 ANNUAL REGISTEI^ 1&12. 

HoQs^of Lorde. Oo the divisioxx slow effect. Aft«r soma lorther 

these 9p1^eaied^ for Mr. Brougham's observations, he coododed hf 

motioD 144^ against it 2it^i ma- moving, '^ That leave be giveo to 

joritj 72. ^ring in a bill for abolishing and 

. The bill which had been carried regolatiog sinecures and offices ^- 

jmpecting offices in reversion, ecuted by deputy, aod for provtd* 

thongh laudable in its principle, was ing other means for recompensii^ 

evidently incapable of doing much the faithful dischaxge of high cff 

towai4s the relief of the national effective civil oOaces, and for other 

burdens 1 its author, therefore, economical purposes.** 

Mr. Bankes, with a view of strik- Leave was accordingly gtven; 

ing a more effectual blow against and Mr. Bankes, Mr, Wilberfosce* 

the wapte of public money, rose in and Mr. J. W. Ward« were ordered 

the House of Commons on March to prepare the same. 

!!M, and moved the reading of the The bill thus fi'amed did not 

three first resolutions of the com- come to a discussion till May 4, 

mittee relative to public ex** when, upon the order of the daf 

pcediture i« May .1810. Their for taking into consideration thf 

aubstaoce was to recommend the report of the bill, Mr. W. Dondai 

•bolitioQ of all offices which have rose, and objected to it as violating 

nnFcaoe without employment, and the articles of anion with Soot* 

t)ie regulation of those which have land. He said, that the people cf 

mvenue extremely dispcoportinate Scotland had simulated at uie luuoo 

to employment (with the excep- that their chief offices of sgtaU 

t»oo of those tfbout the person of should be preserved, and he asked 

im Majesty and the royal family), upon what ground it was tlu^ the 

and to reduce all efective offices, v^y first offices of that Goaotiy, 

tiie duties of which are discharged in defiance of solemn treaty 

by deputy, to the salary andemo- and national faith, were to be 

Ipmeots actually received for exe- abolished ? 

cuting the business of those offices. The Lord Advocate of Scdlaiid 

These resolutions being read, the followed on the same side. He 

boQottrable member said, th^t instanced particularly aa an in* 

there was nothing to which the fringement of a stipulated rights 

country looked with more pleasure the abolition of the office of keeper 

than to the salutary principles of of the great seal of Scotland. Th» 

regulation which ought to be ap- fiict being denied by Mr, Baidccxy 

phed to sinecure ofiices. He he said the bill nbolished the emo- 

gaardcd, however, against the in- lament of the office $ and what rt- 

dulgence of too high ^pcctatioos mained of^e office after the enoo- 

^ relief from the burdens incurred lument } This "was what ii^dftoed 

wring war from such a measure, responsible persons to mldertafta 

or# indeed, of any immediate it ) and the want of re^onpbSi^ 

ecmiomical effect of the motion he Was what he attributed to ;the 

meant to propose ; but if the prin- enactments of this bill. It gave 

ciple were once establis^ied, it up a place of high trust to obacnie 



could not fiiil of a sure though individuals who should act aa^d^ 

potiei, 



GEJ^EilAL HISTORY. 



[53 



pxxitm, aod hy it the property of 
Scotland was therefore pat into 
tmsaie hands. He made other ob- 
jecdom to the bill ; and said, that 
if it should pass into a law, it would 
cause the greatest confusion in 
' Scotland, and strike the whole 
people with immeasurable astonish- 
ment. 

Mr« Lyttelton made some sar- 
castic obMiervations on the &ttach- 
ment to emolument avowed by the, 
' last speaker, and said that he was 
fully convinced that the true reason 
why the influence of the aristo* 
, cracy was so debased, was, because 
these places had been continued. 
He gave his opinion that there was 
never a filter time for wresting this 
power of augmenting iufluence 
from the hands of the crown, 
when it was known that there pre- 
'vailed in (he court a base system of 
unprinc'q)led favouritism — when it 
was notorious that the Regent was 
surroanded and hemmed in with 
minions, among whom, if there 
was a man of note or talent, there 
certainly was not one of any 
character. 

Mr. Courtenay attempted to 
shew that the proposed bill, iostead 
of t)eing a measure of economy, 
*would be one of profuseness, and 
would tend to increase the im- 
proper influence of the crown. He 
objected to the whole principle 
Upon which the pensions, which 
Were to be substituted to the sine- 
cures, were grounded. Under the 
bill, they would be g^ven to those 
who ought not to have them, and 
withholden from those on whom 
they ought to be conferred , There 
would be no other test of merit in 
bestowing rewards, than having 
possessed a place. He observed^ 



also, that it was contrary to ^^ 
parliamentary practice to interfere 
with ofiiees appertaining to the 
hereditary revenue of the crown, 
without the consent of the crown 
prcviouslr signified. 

Lord A. Hamilton urged in sup- 
port of the bill, the disappointment 
which would be felt by the peopjib 
nt large, if, after the expectations 
held out to them, some measure 
of the kiod were not adopted. 

Mr. Bastard took the same 
ground, and dwelt upon the grieic- 
ous burdens under which sdmost 
all classes were now suficring. He 
could have wished that every sepa* 
rate office had been put to the vote, 
and a bill prepared conformably tp 
that decision. It was at least in- 
cumbent on those who talked df 
the necessity of remuneration, to 
shew tlie reality of the service. He 
was coiwinced it would be difficult 
to point out ten In the whole list 
that partook of this character. Tho 
public money «*as too often given, 
rather as a consideration for accept- 
ing office, than for the service^ 
performed in it. 

The, Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer said, that he felt himself 
bound to state his objections to the 
bill, both in its details and prin- 
ciple, lo considering the former^ 
he mentioned several instances ia 
which, its provisions were either 
inconsistent or unjust. With re- 
spect to the principle, his opinion 
still was that it was perfectly wrouK 
and mistaken. It went to say that 
the crown should not have the 
power of securing for its service 
men whom it plight judge to be 
the most capable, if they happened 
not to be in a situation to resign 
all other pursuits in order tp enter 

int» 



^ ANNUAL REGIHTER, 1818. 

Ipto the public service'. He pot 

pixs case strongly^ and nol without 

ji personal allusion. He then ad- 

'vcrted to the influence of the 

Scrown^ and appealed to the house 

^v4ie*her it was loo great 5 referring 
to tho* divisioQ i^on CoWnd 
lVI'M»bon*8 appointment : and de- 
aired them to consider whether the 
bit] would not tend to a diminution 
of jnfinence hazardous to the mo- 
narchy. 

Mr. Banlbcs thought it somewhat 
extraordinary, and contrary to par- 
liamentary usage, to suffer the bill 
to be read a second time, and pass 
the committee, without observa- 
tions, and then come forward in 
this stage to condemn not only its 
principle,, but those details which 
might have been altered in the 
committee. He then made repFies 
to some of the |>articulaf objections 
vhich had been advanced ; and 
desired that when the offices pro- 
posed to be abolished., and their 
resppnslbiHty were spoken of, it 
should be recollected that they 

. were rather ^uasi offices with ^ruasi 
responsibility, neither of which 
appeared to him too * great to be 
confined to such men as would 
iisually be appoint^il deputies. As 
to the power of the crown, he 
said it was impossible to look at 

^the immense expenditure of the 
country, with all the establish- 
ments and patronage connected 
with It, without being convinced 
that dependence on the crown was 

^ extended to all parts to a degree 
quite unexampled in former times. 
It was also no light consideration 
thtt some of the greatest commer- 
cial and corporate bodies were in 
the habit of looking up to the 
mUiistcrs of the crown* 



Mr. Canning laade ooeof tiKiae 
balanced, indecisivespeeches whicb 
bad lately distingaished his manner 
of debate, but declared that he 
shooM support the bill, beoaoie he 
approved its principle^ 

That the -general aenie of the 
house was decidedly in its favoor, 
was proved by the division, oo 
which the numbers were,— for the 
motion 134, against it |^« ma- 
jority 1 \ . 

The bill was then recommitted, 
when various amendments were 
proposed, some of which were 
carried, and others rejected. The 
report was then received, and tbe 
bill was ordered for a third reading. 
This took place on June IStb, 
when various objections were start- 
ed against the bill, which, bon^ 
ever was read without a divisioo. 
Mr^ Bankes then moved the addi- 
tional clause, '^ Provided alwajs. 
that nothing in this bill should b: 
prejudicial to the rights and in- 
terests of those who are now chid 
iusticesj" which was agreed ta 
Various clauses of amendment were 
then put, most of which were Te> 
jected. A motion for omittio^ 
that clause in the bill which limit- 
ed the pension list of Ireland tg 
40,000l.ayear produced a di^sioc, 
for the motion 5g, against it 60. 
The bill afterwards passnl the hour 
without further opposition. 

The bill did not arrive to 
second reading in the House 
Lords till July 3. On that 
sion the Lord Chancellor spoke 
its provisions with great contem 
and said that such a bill never 
the eye of a lawyer ever since t 
estaDHshment of law. He point 
out some of its most objecti 
parts^ and ocmduded wiui the 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[3S 



iMi^ fbt h be read a teocmd dme 
te itf three iDonths. Some of 
Ife Mi in its fiivoor acknow- 
Itdged tbit there were imperfec- 
tioDiioit, bat contended that do 
iipBDCDt had been advanced against 
ittpriodple, and that it oiifht be 



amended in its fbtore itagei. .Qo 
a diTiaion, however, the Quince!* 
lor's motion was carried by 35 
votes against 6 ; and thus the bill 
was lost, and with it^ all the hopci 
of alleviation of the public bnidaoa 
which it might have raited. 




• ■» 



CHAPTER 



Jirj ANNUAL REGISTER, 18 



CHAPTER VII. 



Debate <m Colonel M'Mahons appointnunt of Private Sec. 
Privce RegfTit^^ Dcbm ' ~ ' ~ 

Miiituty Punishmems. 



Prince Regent^^ Debate on the Barrack Estimates — Moti 



AFTER Colonel M'Mahon had 
been deprived of his place of 
pay-master of widows* pensions^ 
be was remunerated by the appoint- 
ment of keeper of the privy purse 
and private secretary to the Prince 
Begent. This circumstance was 
noticed in the House of Commons 
on March 23, by the Hon. J. W. 
Ward, who desired to be informed 
by the Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer what salary was attached to 
these places, and what were their 
duties, as he did not know till now 
.that such a situation existed. The 
right honourable gentleman, in 
reply, said, that he presumed the 
bonourable member was not igno- 
rant that Colonc 1 1 aylor had held 
the same offices under the King, 
and the same salary which he re- 
ceived was continued to Colonel 
M'Mahon ; that the duties were 
yarious and important, although 
the offices would carry with them 
no official sanctioD, the home secre- 
tary of state being still the organ 
for receiving and communicating 
the pleasure of the Regent. Mr. 
Whit bread then inquired whether 
before the nomination of Colonel 
Taylor as private 'secretary to the 
King, in consequence of bis iofir-' 
snity of sight, any tocb place bad 
exiatedj and also, whether Col. 
M'Mahon was to be paid out of 
fund that Col. Tlqrlar 




had been. The Chan 
Exchequer admitted 
vate secretary to thi 
been appointed before 
sight ; and ^upon beii 
Mr. Ward if he had i 
to name the adviser o: 
appointment, he said 
not the least difficulty 
ing that it was himsel 
On the 14th of ^ 
W. Wynn rose in the 
suant to noticp, to r 
production of the ap 
Colonel M'Mahon i 
office of private* sect 
Royal Highness the 
gent. He begnn wit 
his surprise at the ii 
had received that his 
to be resisted, for sur 
tion of a new office 
much as any thing 
roitted to the conside 
House of Commons 
spect to the appi 
Col. Taylor, he de 
formed any preced 
present c^se, sihce 
jQttified by the obvioc 
the drcuraitancesy < 
thing similar now 
alloded to fbrmer way 
bad dispatched a gi 
bnuness wlthoat sod: 
and especiallr the p 
wbo bat) paid a rigid 



GEKEBAL HISTORY. [57 

fdMk tfun till the period of his the behalf of his Majesty. Alio 

mronur^le iilnevs. After several for a copy of any minute of the 

obsmTitious to jh^w that the op- board of treasury iheieon, direct- 

poiDtmfot in question «"i» rot n-- ing the payment of the salary at- 

cemrr, the honoLr^ble member tached to tht; same," 

vcni on to say, thai i! <vu a moat Lord Caitlercngh said, that the 

BBcnnHiiniiotiBl prmmling to al- honnur^ible gcmliman had raised 

lev ibr 'ccrett of the eouncil to tliis qiic^tion to a degree ot impor- 

U» throujjh a third person, and tance which coiild in no view be- 

at, perhaps, no couTisellor. It long lu it He denied that thero 

nijht perhapn be said that Cnlone) was any thing in the appointment 

U'.Milion W3» a privy counsellor: which detracted in the slighlett 

■oniuch the worse! By his Kcre- drgrce frum the rr»pouubility of 

trj') oath he nould be bcmnd the minisTtri of the crown. The 

faithfoJIy to read cmnrauniciitinni nature of tlic ofHce v.a% precisely 

hhii Royal Highness, and faith- the same as that of any other pri- 

iiiily lo write what he kfaould com- vate secreiaiy in aoy other office 

nml : but in his diaracifr of of state, difiericig only in the lanlc 

|inTy counsellor hewas;bonnd by of the persnnaEc under whom it 

Wb lo give his advice upon wh;it vas held, and [here wai no founda* 

kresd. Was it titling that the tion forTC|iresenting itas that ofa 

eUatt nunisters ahoula have thetr founh w-ctotary'ot niate. Heaiked 

idrice to their sovt-reign nibjca to whether it were possible for the 

Ibe revifiou of bis private secra- sovereign of thii auint'y to go on, 

liiy? If, indeed, it were acknow- overwhelmed a- he niu.-t be by the 

k^td to be conkistent villi the public doaimenti ttui were heaped 

RXHiitutionlo have both an interior upon him, and scarcely able lo dii- 

■Ddmeiierioi cabinet, hccouidnot eiigai;c his pertuii frum tlie accu' 

udcntand why there should be a mulaiing pile by w'lich he was 

fcorth secret ary lo carry liie com- surrounded? Ht thimght the ne- 

nuitcalionn from one to the oilier. ces<ity of the appointment appa- 

Ne then made Mmc remarks on rent.and thatthere wcrenogrounda 

Uk impinper time in which this for cpuBuring it; whereloie he 

ippmntmeni had been given, when sliuuld oppnw ihe production of 

ue burdens and distreiitcs of [lie the pajwr, which was nothing more 

Bonatry were universally felt ; and than a gram o^ 20001. a year as a 

idl that it would sppejr to ilie salnry. 

pAlic like a deierminalinn to Mr. Elliot oboerve.l, that there 

Bale a place in order to compen- was a nuirked di Iterance between 

■tBCiiii.ncl M'M hnn f<ir ih:ii i.f the appoinUnent of Colonel Taylor 

t4iich the icnx of parliament had aiulCiloiid M'Mahon ; fcTthat in 

^hfrired him. Kc cuncluded hy the former instance his Majesty 

' taing, " That there be laid be- Ii.-id net er called for ilie auistance 

■R toe house a copy of any in- of a private secretary till he waa 

*raoKDt by which the right bo- obligi^ lo It l>y his infirmities, 

1 Mable John M'Mahon has been whureas the Itrgent was happily 

^Bialed private seiTCtary to the free from any thing of the kind. 

IBlce Begeoi in the name and on If merely the niraDgemcnt ofpapen 

 " la 



iB§ ANNUAL REGISTER, igia. 



in boses WB» to be the dafyof a 
pru*atft lecretarf , it could not. be 
requisite that be should be a privr 
counsellor, or have a salary of 200CM. 
a year. But, In &ct, the place of 
Colonel M'MahoQ was of mpc^ 
greater consequence: and the ho- 
nourable gendefnan affirmed^ that 
he was really a sworn adriserof 
the crowny and in the eye of the 
law was lesponsible for the ooq« 
tcDts of every paper laid before the 
regent. The office was either a 
tK^dic offidal one, or it was not : 
if the first, let the person who held 
it be appointed a secretary of state; 
if the latter, let him not ht a privy 
ooansellor with such a salaxy. 

The Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer observed, that the question 
could be conadered only in two 
p^ts of view, either as the office 
was illq;8l, or as it was inexpe- 
dient. As to the first, was it con- 
tended, that the crown bad no 
power to oeate a new office ? He 
would refer to the statute book for 
proof that such power was consti- 
tutional. Further, he would deny 
that this was a new one^ as that <^ 
Colonel Taylor was exactly simi- 
lar. It had been asserted that the 
private secretary of the Begent 
was the organ of his pleasure to all 
hb subjects; but if it were meant 
by that phrase as signifying his ap- 
probation or disapprobation of any 
state act, it was not true that Co- 
lonel M'Mabeii was competent to 
communicate the pleasure of the 
Begent in any way that could au- 
thorize any subject in the land to 
attend to it This was no state of- 
fice, but simply an appo^tment to 
relieve the bodtly and manual la- 
bmir wh|ch the prodigious influx 
of public business attached to the 
royal fuiK^tions/ The right honour* 



able geatteman, to Aew tile «x* 

pediency of the appoiDtmeoty tboB 
entered into some particulars cf the 
vast mass 6f business wbicb caoie 
before the Regent, and which af- 
forded abun£nt occupation lor 
such an officer to alleviate laa la- 
bour; and he drew a compaTiaoo 
between the condition of hia M** 
jcsty, enured from early yootb ta 
habits of diligence, and the ronttan 
of government, and that of the 
Prince Regent^ who came to the 
task at a so much later period of life. 
He concluded with some saicasm 
on the affected importance attach- 
ed to the subject. 

Mr. PoQspnby asked what was 
to be inferred from the argument^ 
of the necessity of the appoint- 
ment ? Why, that it was to be a 
perpetual, a permanent oflice. 
£very futvire sovereign might clatm 
the same privilege, if the prece* 
dent were established. He would 
then beg the house to look a little 
to the ftiture. We might have n 
monarch whose debilitated fianie 
would render assistance of that 
kind dangerotis, or' one whose love 
of indolence and abhorrence of 

Sublic duty would equally dispose 
im to employ it. Would that 
private secretary have no influence 
on the government under such dr- 
cumstances ? Was it not likely 
that the sovereign would some- 
times lean upon his opinbiu and 
suggestions? It was not in th^ 
nature of things but that such aa 
officer must l>e a powerful instm* 
ment in the administration. It 
becatne, therefore, the duty of par- 
liament riff idly to ioqmre into dm 
nature and duties c( such a post 

Several other gendenen follow- 
ed on each side^some supporting the 
appointment on accounc of its lAi- 

lity; 



GENERAL HilSTORY. . [j« 

ben perditlog to consider dated, tLat the tenn of the rented 

relj a pretext for obiaiu- barracks of the. life giurdi being 

idJitiona) salary for a fa- expired, if they were lo be kept id 

■eriant. The bouse at barracki at all, it wac Decemrj 

livided, for the motion, that thcjr should be built; aod h« > 

iin«t it, 176. .gave rea*oni for the conUructioo oi 

^h theniiiiittrywerethus tlieotbers. 
I in the boote, they were Mr. H..<kisKon could Dot be sa- 

leiuible that the idea of tiaticd wiih this explanation. The 

urdin imposed upon (lie expence of the liartacks for the 

under kircuiuitaoces of lifeguards.liesaid.wouldbeibund, 

lious' propriety, excited on calculation, to amonnt to nesriy 

ablic discontent. They 4^01. fur each horse, an enormona 

took the hint of one of sum, amoiiniing, according lo the 

ends, (Mr. Wilbertorce,) interest usually allowed for money 

deiending the ^puint- laid out in building, to 4U].a jear for 

id expressed a winh that ihc lodging of each trooper and fail 

J of the new secreLiry htnse. He was afraid that in tbii 

ave been paid uut of (he new building there would be some 

prity pur»e ; and tbin aU attempt at splendour and aukward 

»» afierwards announced magDiSceiice, andthstit would be 

Chancellor of the E&cbe- something between a palace and a 
stable. At Liverpool be thought 

r ibe debates in which (be such expense was unnecessary, ~ 

of the cruwo in imped- as many warehouses might now 

lue limitation of the pub- be got which would nake good 

tdiinre appeared to give temporary barr^icks. This was a 

general alienee, was that lime in which every expense that 

barrack fbtimatcs. On could be spared, ought to be so; 

, Mr. Wharton moved, in aud he thought the reasons for 

Dtttee of supply, " that a postponing those buildings were 

exceeding 554,44 1 1. be fully as strong now as when he was 

fiir the expcDK of the iu the treasury, 
lepartmcnt lor the current The Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer endeavoured to stiew tbe nr- 

Veemiutle said, be saw cessily of these expenditures} and 

ingi in those estimate* the debate then took  peraonnl 

qiucd a great deal of ex- turn, with considerable acrimony, 

i; and he particularly in- till it was dosed by s division on 

B,banack for the second an ameadnient proposed by Mr. 

.tt Hte guards Is be built Huskis^on, that the grant should 

«M called the Regent's be reduced to 400,0001. llie 

llieapeiue of 138,0001.; numbers were, for tbe ameudmcDt, 

it Ijraipool, estimated at 40; against it, &a. 
I M Bniiol, at 60,00(». ; The report of the committee of 

^ jlillla at Brighton, at supply being brought up and read 

k,!^- on the 14tb, Mr. Freemantle again 

BhMb* in ' explanation, ebjected to tbe extraragaDce of the 
banacfc 



so] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1S12 



I ettimatK, flnrl nAer some barrack lysbrm, and ih? t 

converMtiun it was agrerd tliat tlie s.iry multiplictilion of these erec 

KTticlei which related to it Khould tions. One msmbcr hinted that th- ^ 

be dcfErrcd to thai riay sf'miight. Chancellor of the Esch«]uer faim — 

The funher con^iilrration of thr Bi^lf lamented this wa«te of the pub- 

bnTracki did not, however, tnke lie money, but that he bad n»t tb« 

place till May 1, when Mr. Free- power of preventing it, and niaa_ 

mantle renewed his objettions to conf(»rm to the wiiihes in a higbci^ 

the estimates. He liigan with <]u»rtcr. Another allnded to wht-^ 

tho-^e at Liverpool, where it ap- was ci^riainly the general ojiinioi^K 

peared that a purrh.is: had been that the barrackii at Mary-le- 

made of thirty arres of [rri<nnd. at bone wi n? iniendtd as omamen^^z 

the expense of :i7,0(Hll.\itua(eri at of ihe Regi'nt's Park. While th— 

8l. Domingo, near ilinC lou-i:, a fa- bciusc a]ipearc<l niifai-niirable 1^^ 

vouritc sp.)t for the ertciign nf vil- these »chcinp«. Sir Francis Rntvt i- g - 

]as by the inUnbiiaiits, and on rosr, and ^jM^ke with great scveri t 

which many buildings actually on the rondi^ct of roini'^lers, asii^^H 

•t^. The people iif l.ivcqiool tending to establish a military de^^ 

had petitioned against the choice pmiim in the country; on th 

of that place, and others might murtien which they bad amhoriif 

be had equally eligible for the upon rhc people by means of th 

f utpose, at a chea]it-r rate. The sol.liers, uiid on the unconslitutrai^^H 

moat serious objeciions, how- al employment of military force! '-^k 

ever, lay against the propowd <] 'jelling riots. This language ga^— a 

barracks in Mary -Ic- bo ite- park, the Cliancellor of the Excheqa^^r 

where 133,50Ul. was to be c.v- the advantage, in his answer, e- » f 

pended for the lodgment of 450 dilating uponihe dangerous natn 

cavalry ; besides which, ihen^ were of such doctrines, and seemed 1 

artillery barracks, ma^izities, and make a strong impression in son 

ordnance stores, in conieniphtion. pans of the house. The diviaio*^. 

It was a most serious consideration, however, sufficiently proved t%^o 

whether they would give govern- un)>opubrity of the plans brong^^* 

ment the power lo raise a iiiiliiary forward, by the eompaiaiive sni*^^' 

depot in «uch a city as Ixindon, a nesa of the ministerial mnjorx*^ 

fort of prctorian cainp thai could The numbers were, fortlieatne** 

not but be grating to the feelings ment, ll2j against it, 134 j in!»3*^ 

of the people, and might cvcntu- rity, 22. 

■lly be dangerous lo their liberties. ITie effect of this public dFic*^ * 

The honourable genilrman then sion was m3nifi:sted when the n^^^ 

entered into some particulars of the Chancellor of the Excheqt^^S 

expense, which he shewed to be brought forward his btldget. F'^S 

enormous, and far beyond all for- iuformed the house that an ad(^-* 

mer estimates. He concluded with tional vote of gO,0O0l. for the b«^^ 

lDoviDglhesubstitutinnof437,(X)Ol. rack department bad been agreg^^ 

fbrtlie barrackeslimates, ioslcadof to, but that ibe treasury had d^"' 

£24,0001, termined to strike off that Bam ^ 

Several other members spoke which diminution proceeded fioi^ 

aguiut dte extravagaoce of the a molntish to postpone the eke-' 



GENERAL HISTORY. [ffi 

pt^ectcd bairacks at jectign to tbe mini of tliii dii- 

; nikj Briitol, and cmsion Broae from its lendcncy la 

unsettle the minds of tlw militaiy, 

t of the corporal pu- and tnd iheio to believe that ibere 

lictcdlnihc anuy had inuubegllcvances, ihough tothem 

mes been introduced unknown^ which caiuedlhesubject 

Dt, and oDB eSicct of to be so often agitated. He gave 

oni had appcarml ia a great praise to the illDstnoiu com- 

muiiny act paiikcd in mander io chief, who bad laboured 

, giving a powtr to incrssaiiUy to bring the ditcipliae 

I to commute the pu- of the array to perfection, and as 

£ogging for tlia: of speedily and guierally u pouible 

aprisunmcEit. There - to do away curporal punishmeot. 
ers, however, who Mr. Abercroniby and Mr. lA*. 

tbesyitem of punish- Smitli both spoke in &vour of the 

I in Uie Britiiih army motion. 

further Tcforniation { Sir F. Burdett said, that he had 

U 12, the honourable ex^pectcd that tiie right honourable 

ose, in the House of and learned geullcnian would hav* 

CGording lo notice, to produced raorc cogent reasooi for 

tion OD the lubject. o)>po»iiig the motion. In speaking 

enr-ial ubMrvaiiunson ot ihe neceuity of produciag loiBC 

f and cruelty attend- cases for its foundation, he had 

tice which he hnd in seemed lo lurget that many such 

led, " That there be had already been laid before the 

he house a return of howe. The honourable baronet 

of corporal punish- thcu referred to a number of in- 

M in ihe army, in the stances which had been made pub- 

iu ihc local militia, lie, of tbe abuse and cruelty of this 

Itt seven years up to mode of punishnient, all of whicb 

2> specifying the of- went to establish one conclusion, 

e committed, and the that it whs inhomau, and had been 

isbcs inflicted respec- often inhumanly exercised. It waa 

a system unworthy of the English 

an Sutton said, if the nation, and the English army, and 

i desired for the purr a system which he believed would 

niuing whether there not Be allowed in any other coun- 

wofabuse.hethtjught try. Sir F. B. dwelt with much 

£ur proceeding, and energy upon these ideas, and from 

cvioos produeiion of the advantage to be derived from 

tacibould induce the complying with the motion, as a 

UDDt to (he motion, means towards efiecltng the total 

nodi larlety of opi- abolitionof Ibis punishment. 
.anfqfCt, even in the Mr. W. Wynn said, he would 

lltBwivqdasiDuch dif- vote for the motion; for thongh 

i)^ ,ti» found upon it be was not prepared to agree 

gjin, ip tbe ^nks, as to the total abolition of corporal 

pfin^ Hiickieffib> puniaboteDtj be thought tbitHbc 
fretjiiency 



^3 ANNUAL HEGISTER, 18I«, 



frequency of it nnght and ought 
to be much dlmxnisoed. 

Mr. Wilberforcc said, it was im- 
possible to. avoid beiufl^ in some 
measure carried away by the ho- 
nourable baronet's statements, at 
the same time he thought there 
should be great caution used be- 
fore any important alteration was 
introduced into our military sys- 
tem. Improvements had been 
made, and others might be sug- 
gested ; but be felt a dread of the 
army looking up either to the 
House of C!omroonsr or to any in- 
dividual member of it, for redress 
of their romplaints. He should be 
glad to get the information re- 
quired, but not in the way pro- 
posed. 

Sir Samuel Romilly desired to 
lecal the attention of the house to 
the question really before them, 
which was not for the abolition of 
corporal punishments, but fdr the 
production of certain papers rela- 
tive to military punisiiments. In 
resisting the production of such 
papers, genilemen on the other 
tide did more mischief to the 
cause they wished to support, than 
eoold accrue from any returns, how 
great soever in number or extent, 
fince it would excite a suspicion 
that they were afraid to make the 
public acquainted with the reality. 
One of the greatest objections to 
the present system was, that there 
was no limit to the punishment 
courts martial might inflict, but the 
mercy of the members. They might 
might order five, or five' thousand, 
lashes without controul. What 
was the mischief to be dreaded ? was 
it discussion ? but according to th6 
statement of the other side of the 
bouse, the discussion of the subject 
l^d produced the most important 



benefits, since in consequenee of ft 
corporal punishment bad of btr 
years greatly lessened. An bonois^ 
able gentleman hadsaid, that in the 
militia nothing was to be fleared, 
because the officers were fire- 
quentljr magistrates, or had aat on 
grand juries; and yet Sir Robet 
Wilson had stated expressly, that 
corporal punishment was more fre* 
quent in the militia than in any 
other department of the service. 
It was mere hypocrisy to say, that 
the minds of the soldiers would be 
inflamed by what passed in par- 
liament : they would perhaps ne- 
ver hear of it i and would those be 
affected by statements in a de£- 
berative assembly, who were cdoo* 
pelled to witness unmoved the suf- 
ferings of a fellow-creature ? It 
should further be considered, that 
most of those who were thus sub- 
ject to be degraded and tormented, 
were forced or debauched into tbe 
service. 

The CbancdltMr of the Exche- 
quer said, that tbinkingy as he did, 
that corporal infliction was a ne- 
cessary evil, he was of opinion that 
nothing could be more detrin[let^ 
tal than the ^ngoage used on the 
other side. He did not dread so 
much thedissemination of the tratb, 
as the exaggerated misrepresenta- 
tions which had been employed, 
and bringing into notice soDtary 
instances of severity or suflfering 
for which no parallel could be 
found. Ha admitted that there 
had formerly been cases where the 
punishment had been partially in- 
flicted at one time, and completed 
at another; but modern practice 
had been the reverse. Would the 
production of the document re-f t 
quired throw the fisiinteat Irgbt^ 
vpon the cases selected by the ho* 

nourable 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[65 



noqrable baronet from the news- 
papers ; to which aatbority^ bow- 
evor^ he gave little credit ? In his 
opinion, nothing but the most try- 
ing necessity could jostify the dis- 
<^usslon of military affairs by the 
legislature. It had been arged, 
tbal resistance to the motion pro* 
iK^ed discussion. How could that 
be avoided, when geotlemea find- 
ing that they shouM not have the 
docamentt to debate on another 



day, took this opportuni^ of de* 
claiming on the general question 
of flogging in the army? He 
concluded with declaring his detet* 
mination to give his decided nega* 
tive to the motion. 

Some other members jcuned ia 
the debate; but nothing newoc* 
curred in the way of argument* 
The house divided on the motion x 
ayes, 17} noes^ 49^ majixity against 
it«32. 



«. 



CHAFTEK' 



64] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1813. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

Motions •/Lord Honoyghmore and Mr. Grafton^ fir takmg into C 
atvm the Cathoiic C/iiims^^Refifrence to Comm'iitcn in bo^h I 
Petitions against the Orders in Council-^' Motions concerning 
Henry's Mission to the United States — Motion on the Teller shi 
Exchetjuer-'^Mr. Brands Motion respecting Elections for Kxtigk 



THE friends to the claims of the 
Irish Catholics, notwithstand- 
ing th^ several defeatsof their efforts 
in parliament, were determined not 
to relinquish a contest, success in 
which appeared to them of so 
much public importance , and a 
great number y^i petitions on the 
subject having poured in from the 
catholics of the different counties 
in Ireland, supported by those of 
the protcstant inhabitants in vari- 
ous parts, as well as by other bo- 
dies, it was thought expedient 
again to bring the topic to discus- 
sion in both houses of parliament. 

On April 21, the Earl of Do- 
nougbmore, in the House of Lords, 
moved the order of the day for a 
committee to take into considera- 
tion the claims of the catholic body 
iox the removal of the disabilities 
under which they labour. The 
order having been read, his lord- 
ship rose to speak. Before enter- 
ing into the particulars of thii de- 
bate, however, we must observe, 
that the necessity under which the 
speakers lay of repeating arguments 
8o often already advanced on each 
side, will excuse us from the task of 
reporting more respecting it than 
the matters. by which it was pe» 
od^dy distinguished. 



Lord Donoughmorr be 

adverting to the petitions 

had previously been read, a 

objo(!t — tlie removal of ur 

strictions — the revival of s 

cd rights. He anticipated 

jection, that the question ^ 

on which their lordships ha 

decided during the present 

by observing, that in boll 

instances it had been comj 

with other cousiderationi 

weighty nature. He then 

view of what had been c 

Ireland from 1792 with re 

the catholic petitions, and 

to the unfortunate scruples 

had prevented the comple 

the work of conciliation. 

topic leading him to the si: 

opinion of the Prince Reg 

the subject, he was called ti 

by Lord Kenyon, as making 

unparliamentary language. 

however, vindicated the ma 

which be had introduced tl 

gent's name, and lamented 

luntary sacrifice of his Royal 

ness's avowed feelings, to 1 

sumed scniples, and politic 

gion, ofbis minister. In 

mainder of his speech, whicK 

Jy consisted in a spirited am 

tion of the idea last atatc 

' ibi 



GENERAL HISTOHY. 



[6s 



;e w:it much talkrd 



"Tht 



H hav< 
t it were, 3 magic circle 
' (hrone, into which none 
ried lo CDier, <iti whom 
ttence ot the illutirioiu 
> beco aL'cusiumed to tc- 
ithin ill range ih« ani- 
Ditchicf have not ceawed 
ith too Micccisl'ul itidus- 
it phaniomii bav,e ihejr 
ed itp [II warp the ju<lg- 
excite the feilingn, and 
tifiniicM of llie Toyrl 
lot though [lie rvil gc- 
IJ at&ume a niitred, nay 

Dohlcforra, the sartilcd 
ich poliiical bigotry de- 
vrai, or the liiieLimcnia 
■Tier sex which tirsr be- 
au to his il«iruri>on— 

the alluremeals of Ca- 
irt, were joined ihe ma- 
e charms of thar matured 
a — uliuuld ttie spirit of 

lake a huinan shape, 
r torlh fratn the innioat 
t the earning houite or 
imutne lo place it«elf 
ojral enr ;— what though 
t ipell thould not have 

Tiiiijatid ibiii the boast- 
Mion uf all incumbering 
ioDi, xnd inconvenient 

bad already maiked the 
f ila coarse — though from 
.«de (Ijey should have 
Koaeo friend of his yumh 
id counsellor of hin ma- 
^— ifaongh they should 
Aad ironi the myal coun- 
h iotegrity, honour, and 
b^MH like Hii. ^nd 
|» Miecled for hU ill»fl. 
Ifp Ki SBiociate and an 
|pl.plmive-fllie7 and the 
■^ .tn^ thould thut 
UB'ift it> full measure 



the disgutting catalogue of tbeit 
enormttiet, wc roust iiill cling to 
Ihe fuundering vessel, and caU to 
our aid ibcKc cbaracteriitic Briliill 
energiu by which the ancesion of 
ihoie, urhum I have now the ho- 
nour lo address, hare lo often and 
to nobly saved ilie sinking state." 
After a variety of other animiled 
fcftrencea lo the opposition declsr'^ 
ed against the catholic claims, and 
the oecntity uf pcrsevcrinj; in ilia 
cause, his lordship moved for the 
appointment of a committee to 
take iutp cun si deration the laws 
imposing disabilities on bis Ma> 
jesty'i subjecis profi.-ssing the ca- 
tholic religion. 

His Royal Higboeat tite Duke 
of Susses then roie, and made an 
eUborste ipeech in favour of gene^ 
nil toleration, which was afterwards 
publiabcd with copious cxplanatoty 
notes, indicating an uncommon 
degree of attention lo aubjccis of 
eccles)iiitic!il history ia one of his 
eialied rank. 

Jn the long debate whioli en* 
sued, every topic was agitated 
which had been touched upon in 
the former discussions of the ca- 
tholic question, chiefly, however, 
by those who were friendly to the 
concessions desired, who took a 
wider cotnpass ot srgumcnt ihaii 
their opponents, who for the most 
part confined themselves to the 
dangers which ibc pmiestant esta- 
blishiuent would incur from Ruch 
concessions. The Marquis of Wcl- 
lR<i1ey »galn greatly distinguibhed 
himself hy the enlarged and states- 
m<<ii-like views which he gave of 
tlicBul'ject. In arguing upon ibe 
impolicy of continuing exclusion' 
which were sure lo perpetu-' 
spirit nf bostiliiy to the " 
church, he prejeju*^' 

in 



683 ANIfUAL HEflrS-TllI, 1*12. 

certtinly 4otenPM a serietii coofli* bjr «ljdamraeiit t^ thetetonl-^il^i 

. denAtbn. <' I d0 not ^ih (nid aiid tb6i*e Wis n<^ fMMft Ugbt la 

Kq) to speak wkh diii^p«tt of whidh dMi «ok^ <)ottld to pkMd 

Ikat protestant esi»blithiliettl in wbitii tMis ttbt resbrted to b)r tlM 

bdaad, whose seeiiiitjrU^rsadtif difetmt speakers on tack atidi 

heUeml ia this canotrf, Hdr in tbMgh ih tet thi^ mMt 'wm^tif 

^taayrefledlioiis open th6se who reoipitUlatUMi of sMtteniOdU md 

tpfostde over tbat esuWflluottlts tHpciaetita erofrfoytd in the ptt* 

ywt I know that the true state of obdiM dtkcuisioiis of the aem 

Ibe ehuitk of Irdand, in ^ ^erj gitieidtofHO. The^H»ndoaloD wfe|« 

,C«aat degiee^ ooosisla ts^ biabelll tbkt at th» hour of sik is te 

witboQt okigyi riitirohea witboitt tnamittg a divlsl6a took ^lac^ ki 

jllei||irtiwia> and clergjrtMm wkfc^- ^bidh tkefe appeM«A 191^ %n, 

^t chwicbes j parishes of coosid«r'> noes MO^ nlU^cNiQregilinH tho^flse* 

^Mit oi^teat without clei|;7til!en> tkm 89* - 

'«iMisch, or glebe $ti^ii)rpansfaei Thtis the Catiiolic caM6 tea- 

: frequently coasolidated into btib« tained a third deftift in both boaves 

:.^riitkaebniason dhardi tdbramote of parliaoient; tier did it appe^ 

drthe pinrisbiooers to i^aort tb. ibAt thb ieoHdoo of the FHnee 

Can A church so oii^nmstanced R^nt to the full authority Of tte 

ftaaaasa iotemal streofth fbr its cf oWb hiid mdde tny diAiene^ as 

Mm defence agaiuH the- tmha of to the s^otitnfcittft etid *eofidiiet «i 

opposition enlted against it > ihdd h^ mtntsters On this • tibpottM 

Ss not that strength less likdy to ^otcdsieti. 

Jidibereased by arming itself witk Notwithaiai^dilig the UmsaUff 

^violence against the abaas of dld^^ With which the fi(i]«iist6r» had itM^ 

. cont^t set in array by the intble- taiittd the f(Ak^ of ^ 



Irance of the laws enacted for its in council^ the ioeraEiaing ^dit* 

•opport?" tresses of the manufeotoHog potta 

The speaiders on eodi M6, ht* of tb^ kiogdoita^ and ttib sari« 

aides thbse first mentioned^ wt^tb, ons distuilMmGes tbenbfi tarisiBC 

o^kist the niotion^ Lords Red^s*- could not M t>f <^itbig MklflHbuiH 

dale> Liverpodl, ktid the Lord giviiigs in their fisinds, and l«o4tf* 

Cbancellor 5 for it, Lords Selkirk^ ing them desirous of maktUj^ a0eh 

Wellesley^ Downshire^ Byron, rdaxations to might t^nd' .to «pcti 

Moini, and GrenVitle. At five in the fotmer cbanma t^ aaomiefd^ 

the itiomidg the boose divided^ It was doubtless i^ coos^uedce^f 

when the mnnbers were, cdnteOti these considemtiotit that d decdiit* 

present, 6?-, proxies, 35; total lion in the nknie 6f tlie Plt^oift 

102: noh-contents present, 103) Regent wa^ls«bodo&A|M^,{W»A 

f voxies^ 71 1 total, 174 : nw|ority |x)rting, that tbi ft^ent btii^Hg 

against the motion^ 7% dedardi^ that if at aoy tinse^^ 

In the House of Commons, a «!• Berlin abd Milaii deoreei stMUky 

anilar motion fbr a committee on an {vtitfaentic etrt bo- ataotnte^ tw» 

:ihe ciTil i^iabiHties of tbe Roman peal^> tbencelorth (ho ohterarte 

.0alkoliG8 M-as made on April 23, counc^ of tbe 7th if£\ Hw$iff^ 

tgr Mr. Giattan, Tbe deb^^ to IWTs 0od the^tk ctf Afnfil^ 180§| 

' * «kould 



GENEllAI. HISTORY. [87 

okrA; and the charge that though sorne braDchetoftrads 
the UDitcd States of were laflenn from the want of a 
•ing on the 20th of market, ya that othen vers 
nmilted to thii court flourishing. Hr- concluded with 
leci^e of the govtm- decliriug that as he thought it diie 
ce passed on the 2dib to the petitions that their praym 
which the dn:rees of ihould be laken into consideration, 
erlin are declared to he would not oppose the noble 
in force with respect lord'i motion. 
vessels: the Hegent, Some further conversation eo- 
cannot conuder the tued, in which the miniiiers and 
;iid decrre as satisfy- their partiz-ins continued to defend 
itivDs of the order of the policy of the orders in council 
t, being disposed to by arguments often before repeat- 
he usual intercourse ed, but expreiicd a witlingneai to 
iral and belligerent consent to an examination of the 
leased to declare the petitions presented. The question 
uncil of January ?• being put, it was accordingly 
uil2G, ItlOf), revoked agreed tu, and it was ordeicd that 
jnj American vessels the committee on the orders in 
A proviso is, how- council should sit to-morrow, and 
y this concession, that be continued from day to day. On 
inerican gOTcmment the motion of Mr. Brougham, wit- 
exclusion of British nesscs were summoned from Bir- 
from their harbours miogham, Sheffield, Manchester, 
' France are admitted , &c. 

terdiction of British Earl Pitzwillinra made, in the 

lile tbai with France House of Lords, on May 5, a 

le present order is lo similar motion fur referring to a 

fi)0 c^ct. committee the various petitions on 

gaintt the orders in the subject ot the onJers in council. 

: la the meantime The coniient of the ministers to 

nmi the towns most the motion produced some obscp- 

their operation ; and vations from the lords in o[)pon- 

b, Loi^ Stanley rose tion, which were met by recrimi- 

of Commons to move nations, charging the preceding 

He« for taking them administration \^'ilh having origt- 

ailon. In his intro- nali^d tlie measures complained of 

h he dwelt upon the There was nothing, howeier, novel 

eneed from these or- in tlie remarks of either pari\' on 

to faciTy distress to this much agitated topic; and the 

tMtt poor were re- motion was agreed to without 

If (ff tbe trading and opposition. 

riptitB. The cxaminalicns relative to the 

Bli^iSj, made various facts alleged in these petitions 

""■^p tbo justice of no-.v went on regularly in both 

V^dtoprova houses, till tbeywci ' 

[FJ] 



«»]. ANNUAL 'REGiyrEK;.i8W. 



hf an event which vft shall short- 
ly have to record, and which pro- 
bd>ly had a considerable influence 
upon the final result. 

A circumstance having occurred 
tepding to increase the animosity 
of the Ameiicani against this 
€ountryj it became about this 
period a subject of discussion in 
parliament. 

The president of the United 
States sent a message to congress 
asserting that an authorised agent 
of the British government, Capt. 
fleury, had been sent by the go- 
vernor of the British territories of 
Korth America into the adjacent 
atates, in order to foment discon- 
tents for the purpose of detaching 
them firom the union. This heavy 
charge being transmitted in the 
American newspapers lx>rd Hol- 
land rose in the House of T^rds^ 
on April 28th, and after mention- 
ing the fact of the message, said, 
that he hoped the noble lord oppo- 
site would be able to satisfy the 
public by a contradiction of the 
assertion. 

The Earl of Liverpool had np 
hesitation in answering that no 
person had been employed by this 
government to foment discontents 
in the United States, and that no 
intention ex'isted on the part of go- 
vernment to make any attempt to 
separate the union. He said, that 
Captain Henry was not employed 
hy govermnent at all ; and he sup- 
posed ti^at ttr James Craig could 
have employed him odty to obta^ 
information with a view }o the 
defence of Canada, in case of a 

war. 

Mr. Whitbread introduced the 
aubieqt in a similar manner in the 
Hioose of Commons, and waa simi- 



larly answered by Lord QastJereag^ 
who said that goyommexit bad ooif, 
Ijeard in a dispatch from Sir f^VKsi 
Craig that an agent had been cmr 
]^yrd, announcing at the aaou^ 
time that he had b^en recalled, 
Mr« W. said that he was not aatia-t 
fied with this answer; and de^ 
clared his intention of moving for 
the production of the governor & 
correspondence on thissgb^ect. 

Lorid Holland^ who had given 
notice i^ the House of Lords of ^ 
similar motion for the productioo. 
of papers, rose to ^)eak tp ihm 
point on May 5. He s^id* the pro« 
position he was about to subooit to 
their lordships had no reference 
whatever to the line of poUcy pro- 
per to be pursued with respect let 
the United States, but was groKU^ 
ed on the general relations, of all 
civilized state?} he coyld not there- 
fore understand upon what pbjec* 
tions an opposition to his motioQi. 
(which had bee^ ii^tiniated} cpuld 
be founded. , It went to the crinn- 
nation of no man or .set of men» 
but upon the necessity of vindicat- 
ing the government of this countrjr, 
from what he trusted was an an-, 
founded charge naade against tt«^ 
This charge was no le^s than that. 
wl«le two friendly powers w^r^. 
engaged in negotiation upoQ cer- 
tain points of national importance. 
a member of the Er|tisb,goyem-» 
ment had employed a secret, agent, 
in the territories of the United 
States, not to procure intelligence,, 
which was a legitimate oli^ftct,, but. 
for the purpose of inducing some, 
of the states ef the union to throipif. 
off their allegiance, , and sepaial^^ 
themselvies ^m th> iie^ This, 
charge originally cacpe irpiBf aaior^ 
dividual who avowedly l>etrri|ei 

the 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[<» 



of hii own employm. 
ip then refcrred to cer- 

of the papers cnmmuni- 
agms, and to tliRt pnrt 
ructions to Capi. Hctiry 
itioDcd the eiiclostiro of 

(o him, and spoke or 
silily of llic FederaliitB 
submitting to the ^iiua- 
cb they had been placed 

* lip to the ItnslUh for 
ance. I..ord H. pro- 
how the disbonourablc- 
h conduct, and ibe im- 
ifiat Sir J, Craig would 
iplcQ-ed Henry wiihout 
[ from his govrrnmrut, 
tin; to it the cummtmi- 
had received ; and he 
3 the lact, thtt wh^n 
ned his reward, he pre- 
MQorial to tlic office of 
wcrrtary of state refer- 
r. Craig for hit conduct, 
oiiscquence received a 
.■nernl Prevost, the suc- 
r J. Craig, rerommend- 
a vilo!ibIe offic.: in the 
ibh he governed. I^ord 
idby moving nu address 
« Regent, fiir the pro- 
copies of all the ciim- 
I made by Sir J. Cnig 
sity'j secretary of state 
he employmeiil of Capt. 
i secret mission tr> the 
mof America; al'.o of 
pndcnca between tlic 
■fate and Sir Georsje 
Oti subject of compcQ- 
faiitt by Captain H<.-tiry 
tef) ind also copies of 
tot to Sir J, Craig 
f of cLite relative 
qifqf Capt. Henry 



The Earl of Liverpool, in rrply, 
began with repeating his former 
sialenienr, that the government 
here had noknoivliidgcof the em- 
ployment of the pursoii in tjiiestlini 
until m.iiiy months after ihe trani- 
aciion. It was true that n pcrAnn 
iinnied La'ater, going in iao9 
from Canada to the United Statu 
nn his own business, had, of hii 
own accord, o|)i'ncd a ccrrripontl- 
cnce with the governor of Canada 
for the purpose of procuring iiifur- 
ination) and his lonl ship justified 
this proceeding by a detail of Ihe 
menacing attitude with respect to 
the Dritiih American posseuiooi 
then assumed by the United Slaictl 
Sir J. Craig 'ent Henry thither id 
February, 180!). A great deal of 
what appeared i i tht! papL-rs WAi 
fjlse and unfuuiided ; but as far ai 
authentic insirnctiun went, he 
must cunieotl that the directions 
wr-rc net for tlic purpose of exciting 
discontent, but wholly for obtain- 
ing neceisary information. With 
reipect to the remmieraiion of 
Captain Henry, as h',- had a re- 
cjmniendatioii from Sir J. Craitr, 
hacked by some very respectable 
persons in London, and it appeared 
that he had been really employed 
in services for whith a renau- 
neraiion had been (iromiscd, he 
(the secretary) had held it his 
(Intv to act at was menliooed iit 
the correspondence MitJi 3ir G. 
l'rc:v<Mt. it vvas not attcruMrdi 
dec mi-d consistent with deiicncy to 
say any thing which iiiiijhc in the 
leist have reflected upon the ciia- 
racier of Sir J. Craig, who had rc< 
turned home from his goveroTneut 
under a mortal distcm|>er, and had 
survived bnt a few months. He 
could not approve (be cour^ adopt- 



ref} ANKUAt REOISTBR. irja. 

I, but thought to U> care, bad ew M«« fTwJ At 

iteroment t* HialU of itiict political dikcrattoo, 

»ture* lo ex- ^ there itill esund no pretcDca ■• 

he snliKct i& kcuk ministm, who wm coMk> 

»iild he ■[>: pletoly ignorant of the tratuactioB, 

Ihe American Sir James, inflict, inamomentaf 

!iout demand- danger, bad employed a pencMi (o 

making taj ascntain thBdispeaitiona of the in- 

lisb mintster, habitaax of iM conlignoos <£»• 

jupen befora trictt, who wat not directad toes- 

(M(« diccontents, but to obaert* 

the qoettioD any diiposition ibat he might find 

mrtance, and favourable to the British causes 

6 of commu- Hit lordship maintained that pnb> 

oftheUniied liihina the vhote conreEpondenca 

rousof with- would be atietided «iiU a terknt 

omtbeunion, evil, ai it would diecloia the oaoiei 

lydenicd. He of tboat! Ameticani w'lo «ere re* 

gitiousness of presented an friendly 10 ifae Britid) 

he conceired cause, or inclined to a change >n 

lie even be- thdr owngoverDmenti and he in- 

itill more in treaied the house dot lo tRcroactf 

ipprehensiotM on the functioni of the evecuti** 

pending war, government, but lo leave the ttfMl 

admitted that to be settled by mutual ezplasa* 

id afteiwardi tions between his Majetty'c minis. 

Beei^ communicated to the icctc- ten aad the AtoVrrcan govern mearl 

fair of state i but ibere was no Atler some oitier lords had 

evidence of any disapprobation be< epokeb on each side of the qncM 

ing expressed by bim ; and the go- tioo, Ldrd Holland foK agaia to 

veruur was only enjoined to be make obseivationa upon aocBt 

tantiousin theemploymentofsuch points which bad been urged by 

Agents "for fear of involving tba the lords Opposite. He expnaaal 

cuuturyinaquarrel with America." indignation at the i^ondnct of oa^ 

Under such circumstances he nislers in ivA. attempting ai^ direct 

thought the house waa called upon defence, but seeking to shelter 

cxplicitlytocondemn the principle: tbemselvet by throwing a]] the n* 

if they did not bo, they must for aponsibility upon the meiAorytlf 

the future be silent wilh respect to Sir J. Craig. He particularly toA* 

any similar breach of good 6itfa o& madrerted on the noble viscxiaDl'l 

tlie part of France, or anj other (Sidmouth) Incoasistency, wb^ 

government. bad displayed so much sennbllify 

Viscount Sidmoutb said he had respecting the Copenhagen Cxpei 

never known a case to greatlj ex- dilion, yet was disposed to psnuti 

kggerated. Ifit weieeven adtmt- an act equally rabversive of ffbbd 

ted that Sir J. Craig, in his anxiety CaitbandthelywofQatibDS. Opat 

Iq pieurve thje proTiiKie conunittcf} l^p whole, lip s^> a I>Qtilifc'<l>B0 



GENERAt HISTORY. [«j, 

OHdCf and it was iba of tl^ese officea were i^f |uch a na- 

DvcmmcDt that the refu- lure |hat tbcy roje cxacpy in pro* 

old be ai public as iho parEiQii to ihe distresses of thy 

li and noltiing cAuld conntiy. From the report of tbc 

honour of ihc gouDtiy cpnimissionerj of public accounti 

rere ample and saiisfac- it appeared that in 1782, when, 

to the objection that had they were granted, which wai a 

1 of the impolicy of such time of peace, the/ did not exceed 

:ai theproiluction ofthe 35CX)I. per atrnuni, which sum, 

uld lead to, he wished during the American war, wai in* 

ihat would unnccessnrily creased to 7000I. In ] BOS, such 

interests cither of conn- had been the public expenditure 

idividuiiU i and he wag ihat the icllersbip had tisen to 

< narrow his motion in 2J,0CK)I. per annum each, and then) 

bat would enable him to was no doubt that the emo ument 

! tpecific infurmalion he must now be considerably more, 

This was a mucN greater sura ti)aq 

use then divided on the had been granted as rewards for 

»itenls27, noD-coutents all the splendid military services 

ity 45. that bad been prrfurmed for the 

ther proceedings on (bis counrryj and lie could not bring 

ok place in ihe Hou>e himself lo ackuowledse tlie right 

oni during the present of these two nolilcmifn to dcriv^ 

such enormoug emoluuienti from 

T attempt to lejssen the the public calamities. He would 

;xpcaditure, thougl) of deny the principle so ofleu con- 

nitudc in its object, and tended fur in that house, tliat 9 

vi, dccervea notice on grant nf an office by the crowa 

»f the doctrine held on was as sacred as any ancient grant 

m in tUe House of Com- of an estate, and could not be 

touched by parliament. When iha 

17 7th, Mr. Crcevny rose crown Igrmerly made grants of 

AttcDtion of the house to lands, or even of taxes, out of itj 

.dlerships of the exche- hereditary revenue, it granted iti 

b/ ijie Maiquisofjjuck- own property; but now that the 

rtlLordCamdeo. Itwa^ whole public expenditure wai 

ion to coniider this as a under ihe cotitroul of parliament, 

jtioti of private property he conceived ih^t the crown could 

%fte individuals .-<ad the not make a grant which was not 

Qie places had beeBgiveu under the same controul. I'hc 

f for ibe services of the honourable gentleman then read 

fteac noblemen, and he extracts from the report of ihe 

■w^ .to find fault with commissioners of public account! 

IgibHiiOfli but his objec- in 1^82, which went to thcasser- 

t t)>«t tbcir emoluments tion of the right of cootroul above 

rfiiufe. in their amount, mentioned ; and he gave instances 

Hf^cw4 'P ^P circum- of the present actual interference 

tSt iiviioi). The fees of parliamCDt in tbe feci of the 
tellen 



W] ANNUAL RBGISTER; 1812. 



ttlfere of' Ac excheqncr. He con- 
foloded hf moving certain resoiu- 
tbns, of which the six ^st related 
ip- the facts of the grant of the 
office* of tellers (perfonned entirely 
by deputy) to the present posses- 
anrs^ and their past and present 
f molunipi)t3 : tl>e seventii was In 



. ... ^ 

i^iht would be mneh irtofe a lrfiigq g 
and mischief firotii breaking down 
tjie barriers of private pr^^perty in 
this instance, thap In allowing fbe 
receipt of the 40 or ^O thousand ai 
year which were now the cmohl- 
mcnts of those ofBces. The con- 
dftct of parfiament in 17B2 in not 



the following terms:— ** That it 4i*^^''b>"g tbo^e vested intereaf^, 

appears to this house, that parlia- while they regulated the emoio- 

ment has at various limcK assened ments of tellers to be subsequently 

and exercised a right of limitation appointed, was a cl^r parliamctt- 



and controql over tiie fees payable 
* to d)e tellers, by exceptirg specific 
sums of money from the payment 
of all such fees; and that it is the 
doty of parliament, in the present 
unparalleled state of national ex- 
penditure and public calamity, to 
' exercise hs right still further over 
the fees pow paid out of the public^ 
money at the ei^chequer, so as to 
^confine the pro6t5 of the Marquis 
of Buckingham and Lord Camdep 



tary recognition of those rights, 

Mr. Ponsonby spoke on the same 
side, and asserted that by the bnr 
of England no estate was better 
knpwn> defined, i^nd protected, 
than an estate in office. It wai^ 
much private property as any other 
sp^ies of property could l>e. He 
would not agree to the concloaiitit 
of thte committ<-e in 1782, •♦That 
the state, actmg for the ptibKc 
good^ might interfere with the 



to some fixed and sfttled sum of emofumfnts of everv office." Ibe 



money, more conformable in 

amountto the usual grants of public 

money for public services, and 

. more suited to the present pieans 

jindresQurces of the nation.*' 

After the fi^t resolution had 
been put and seconded, the Chan- 

, ceilor of the Exchequer said, that 

• although the first six resolutions 
might be «afely afiBrmed, yet as he 

. could not assent ^o the practical 
^fifect intended to be derived fron^ 
them, he gfapuld move the previous 
question upon them, anc) give his 
decided negative to the seventh. 

The teilerships of the exchequer terciits in th^ir emoluments of tbose 
were ancient o0ices, and legally ^ho held them. If, howeveVit 
within the gift of the crown. The should be found that parUameot 
right of those nobtcQien to ihenci bad been in the habit of Koahing 

. was a vested right which cotild not thoi^e fees from time to tim^, thai 
-be touched, and he conceived t^e it appeared to him that the^ irfiQ^ 
emoluments to be also vested inter- look thcise offices, took tfaemadb* 
^ wbid^ must be protected, ject to the comrooling poweref 

- - ^)ar]tiai3[^^ 



stale had the powe^ to do so. bat 
the power was not the right; lliare 
was no knowing where tiiat prin- 
ciple, if once admitted, mtghtsiop. 
Parliament might think it hid a 
right to exignine into the charch, 
and consider what biBhq|ia bad 
more tjian a suitable renv^td W 
their labours, or to take awi^y die 
tythes frot^ tb^ clergy apd iiaj 
proprietors, ' 

Mr. Brand dififbred fh^m the 
gentlemen who had dready spotirn. 
He admht^ corrpJetcly tlie le|^l- 
ity of the grants, i^tbe vetted ' 



GENERAL HISTORY.'- ^ 



[W 



fsSmient. He should, therefore j 
wiib to rote ff r the fint six res<v 
ktions, and that a cumroittee be 
Ibrn appointed to eKamine bow tar 
prlLiment h:id in former times in- 
VfjScTtd in rrducing the salaries of 
ofBcn for life. 

Lord A. Hamilton denied the 
tmlmry iff this case to that of 
hishopf, who hid great and im- 
portant duties (o perforin ; whereas 
ihe officm in question had only 
jto«m and incrra^cd wiih the bur- 
ifcns and disiressrs of the country. 
He put suppositions of a future 
nQn.<X)U< ailditlon to these emolu- 
KntBy and said that if culed upuu 
to give his vet? whrtiicr the huusc 
BObld or could not interfcrrj in this 
natter, he must give it in behalf of 
Ibe poblic. 

Mr. Whitbrettd, while lie ad- 

ftiitied the legal and vested right in 

thefee«t of their iiffice, contended 

liat parliament was entitled to rc- 

falate and confine these emolu- 

mts when the>' liecame exorbi- 

ivt, and beyond any thing that 

ttoM have been in contemplation 

ifaen the office was created, or 

vhen the present possesftort ob- 

ttined their grants: and he in- 

iltend. with respect to the teller- 

riupi, .the sums paid for the ex- 

' mdaa of the national debt, and 

the income tax. There could not 

*fc a doubt that when the house 

Mled additional supplies, they had 

'Ik power to exempt them from 

'Aioperation of these fees; and if 

^4e principle of vested right could 

ftttimeriered with at all, it might 

•^a pester extent. 

■""iMie other members spoke to 

"^^Mition, for the most part in 

• fc oi H of the rights of the tellers, 

AibMhiiig additional was advan- 

^NMU^ jNiipt of argument 



The six first iesoluflonH^ nf "Mr: 
Creevey were tiien severally put, 
and the previuuft question was caf- 
rinl against each of them. Mr. 
Bniud moved, as an amendment to 
the seventh, •• That a committee 
be appointed to inquire into the 
pr'-cetlfuts which exist as to the 
deduction from, or suppression of. 
any fees payable to the tellers of 
the exchequer for monies issued out 
of the same.*' 

The hnu^e divided upon this 
amend -nent, for it 38, againht it 
140*. I'hc orii^inal resolution was 
then negatived without a division. 

The subject of icfurm of par- 
liament WHS aguin taken up in 
the House of Commons at this 
part of the session. On May 
Uth, Mr. Brand rose, punuantlo 
notice, to submit to the bonse'a 
motion on tt)e present defective 
state (?f the representation. He 
began with some general remarks 
on the notorious existing comip« 
tions prevalent in the electiont of 
members of parli.iment, ' and on 
the dangers whidi threatened the 
constitution from the number of 
members returned by placet now 
de.tulated, or which possessed 'so 
few inhabitants tliat it was a 
mockery to continue to them the 
elective franchise. He said, that 
it appeared from facts which ha 
had collected, that 182 individuals 
returned by nomination, or otber- 
wi!»e, 326 members; that there 
were above /() placemen in the 
house, and above 40 persons who 
were returned by compromise. 
How could that be called a full and 
Irec representation, in which there 
were 292 persons so brought in that 
they could not exercise a fair discre- 
tion OD the subjects brought under 
their consideration ) Having stated 

some 



»J to Ir tb« cppioD* iAttJt whit^ 

'. bn t>Y tpafly of Uie principal speak«n^ 

1(1 tM> all the t)!u3l topics oa bolti tides 

r> tho rcspecling refopij of parliunent 

olisb-^ were gone over, and eveiy pic>i 

(o gi lure wliich had a ten^pucy to that 

Qtipg, tnd W» dfciflcdl}' caD(leina«d, pot 

■Dpofr only t»jr the psitujos of the niari 

a^vct raiaiitrj, but hj several of thoiv 

cc re- pf the oppotitionUt4 who compow 

[ and what is trnned the wbigjiany. f\ 

other vis cont^ded by them epot^tn 

was, ihat all cba^ge in the mode of ie« 

rough prHCDistioq would be tjangeroui^ 

•t tbQ ineffectual to cure an/ of the pt^ 

les he llceviU, aai wa* ver}' little dininii) 

a ma- bj the oalion. The frleptk of re^ 

rinded foriD on t^c other hand dwelt ufioi^ 

gi»eii the ob>ious inadeotwc)' of the ntr 

le act presentation, and the neij^-f^iUM 

:x n-! uppori ^ven by the Hotuw « 

[ th^ CotntBOD^ to eyery minister ^.^ 

lire to proof of the (pflDenco repjilij^ 

wt of eurted over tha tnojoiity. "Ibf 

I, and particular metiu of the mcfsm 

le for proposed veif fcaroely at M 
louclied upon, sod (hp £^Qliw 

by the takcR by ita pnpcaeti va* ji^lsJi;^ 

a dcr re<itlance in uie (wt^et |t^.|:)tfu 

it b? attempt at alieratisO' TTffi Peim 

eal ef at leugth divided oo tl^ .rq^fJifiq, 

$i/<$P6f noes 3X5, Hiajpriij.JL^ 



' C»Afl3R 



2/ 



~*l 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



V» 



I 



CHAPTER IX. 



^MtsdMAutian of Mr. Perceval^ and ParUanwUaiy Froc€e£ngi ihenvfmu 



^ I ^HE pob-ic bofineu was at 
J. this time interrupted by a 
extnordinary and tragical 
;nt« the asu6sination of the prime 
CUnister As Mr. Prrceval, oo 
•IMsy 12th, was entrring the lobby 
«kf the Honse of Commons at a 
«liiartcr pa&t five o'clock, a prrum 
<)£ the name of Beliingliam, who 
fcad placed himself at the side of 
tlie door for that purpose, fired a 
pistol at him, the ball of which 
dktcrrd his left breast. Mr. Per- 
ceral immediately staggered and 
iftH. Me was taken up by Mr. W. 
AAutb, and with ihe assistince of 
Other members was conve}'cd to 
Speaker's apartmenti ; but 
he reached them, all signs 
lifi: were gone. The assassin 
bad taken so sure an aim, that the 
ftBiil passed through his hcaxt at 
ftAe centre. 

As soon as the horror occasioned 

^^ this catastrophe bad somewhat 

^vbsided, a person exclaimed, 

•• Where is the villain who fired >" 

jBellingbam stept forward and cooU 

^7 replied, '* 1 am the unfortunate 

in.' He made no attempt to 

and being interrogated as 

his motive for the deed, he saui, 

^' My name is Bellingham ; it is a 

rate iojory<— I know what I have 

-it was a denial of justice on 

part of goveniroesit." He was 

aearched^ and canied to the 




bar of the house, which had 
sitting in committee on the ordcm 
in council. The Speaker resunf^ 
ing the chair. General GascoTBii 
said, " I think I know the vilhui,^- 
and on stepping up, called bim b|r 
his name. The Speaker then pr^ 
posed that he should be committed 
to the prison-room» not leading 
him back through the lobby, lest 
a rescue should be attempted by 
accomplices ; for the first idea JUi- 
turally srems to have been that iho 
murder wa^ perpetrated oo a puUtc 
ground, and in consequence of a 
consp'uncy. All proper precav- 
tions bring taken, both to pr e fe c t 
injury t'> others, and that the cri- 
minal might not destroy himaeiC 
and a committee being q>pointedt» 
examine and ^;^ive evidence on the 
facts, the house adjourned. 

In the House of Lords, as sooa 
as the rumour of the caveat arrive4« 
the grcjtest agitation was manifest- 
ed. At length, their lordsliips r^ 
suming their seats, the Lord Chaa- 
oellor addressing them, said that 
he felt it his duty to apprise theic 
lordships that he should take care 
to give orders that none should go 
out oi I he doors of this house Ull 
their iordfihips were fully satisfied 
that ilicy bad not the means of 
doing further miiichief. Thii was 
understood as a determination that 
all below die bar should be searched 

t« 



76] ANNUAL REGtSTEtt, 1814. 

to see that they had oo weapons ; address to the Prince Regent, ex- 

lM)t the aJanxL of coDspiraqr having pressing thdr partletpation in the 

now probably subsided, thisresolo- aerere loss sustained by his Royal 

tioQ was not persisted in. The Highness and the public, and their 

iactof Mr. Percevars death, and abhorrence of the crime Gomnn tied, 

%bc adjournment of the commons and assuring him of tbehr readj 

being ihen ascertained^ the Earl oonipliance with his recomoaes* 

of i^adnor moved, ''That an bum- darion. 

h]c address be presented to hia The motk)n was seconded 1^ 

Hoyal Higbness the Prince Regent, Mr Ponsooby ', who said, that 

i^aiing, that the house had heard alfhoagh no one thought Mr. 

fwxih hoirobr of the attack nnoade Rereevars poififkal opinions more 

upon, and the assassination cf^ the erroneous than he had dene, yet 

•Bight Hon. Spencer Perceval, one be always entertained t\M highcat 

t)f ,hia Majesty's - most bonoarable idea of his honour, aufl the gsrat«4i 

privy council, and praying that hk aArction for his peraan. 'He had 

^oyalHigbneas would be gracioM** known him in' early We, and bad 

4|r pleased .to direct such st^s to be tie^r ' known . a man of g^reater 

tajken as he should deem expedicB^ woyth, or more exemplary in the 

for the appreht^nsion of the offender domestic relations of itf^. 
w officers.*' Mr. Canning and Mr. Whilw 

'Thia .motion. was agreed to mxe. bread joined In the smtie aenti^ 

•^isj^ and the house adjourned* ' nients, and ^k: addveas was agreed 

' The Prince Regeat sent a cor» to ixrw. <»i7.'andoideredto hecar*' 

tespondeutJmswer to this atldreati tied up liy the whole house. Oe 

a^d on the foUowing day a mesai^e the suggestion of Lord Castkreagh; 

was n^eiv^^ 4i:om him by both a eommittee of the whole ikm^ 

houses, recommending a provisioa was ordered ^ the men^w, ^ 

ipr the ,numeroas and -afHicted consider the message ; and it wik 

fymWy titf Mn Perceval. Lord determined that the house sbonid 

•C^stlereagh opened the business in be adjourned from day to day; •• 
the House of Comroous, and paid After the faoese had ddivaiM fts- 

^ very feeling tdbote to the vjiiuea ad^sfcto <be Regant on May'* l% 

and merits ol' the deaeaf^edmintfler. it was resolved into a ee w mrti t ea 

JVraidst insdistressoQ thi$ oceasiea fgrvtmMerin^ the pvevfsioo tb t)e 

•he^was^ however, happy to men» made. for Mr, PercevaKs lahsihr« 

tton, that, as far as they had been I^t d Casrlemasfh stuted that* tha* 

efial^ed toinvMtigate thesubjrct, right hoiiot«atjle'geetlemlm/6ei 

gpyernment were ol optniou diat itidrs a wkiow, had-ltft twehTife' 

tl^s was at> insiulated act, and coiir chddren to ihe' prdt^etienlo^ the 

iif^ to the individual by whom it public, and .that the -^rhpefty ht 

rpqrpetratnd. With respect lo had left was fle^^dodef^te'^es^ier' 

eikicoi of idie, provision, he a£brd no possih^tyr^f tisefrtivfeg^ 

doUbted not that the house woukl ivt m' styfo aoitftd* to -nlielr iMd* 

he i^ioJous to protect all who bmm With respect to th^italtir^ of <fae 

the name of his lamantad friaad- graet; he ttiHtHgfo H' wo^*^ 

iam U)e danger pi poverty. : in ^niest ' eligible' *ceiratil ^' UAWIai i t^ A r ' 

cop^aiipi^ ^fTifmeA taxrJbtmMc. sannf soeqigF ito^^be^Mt^ir^aMi^ 

ut ^ • ^^ 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[77. 



ikUeo, aodaAerwardflan 
fbr tbdr mother. The 
lidi he propo6ed were 
'or the first puqiose, and 
ranoum for thesecoad; 
lOved a reaolutioa for the 
aot. Some nieaibers re* 
hit as too Httle for the 
if the hiXhieT, and men* 
larger suro^ Mr. Wilber- 
^» and after making a 
9gy on tlie character of 
led, obaerved> that how* 
eral the a^ise of his 
account of private merit 
ip yet that his political 
grerc known to have had 
ponents; and as jt was 
niable that the vote should 
il and uoanimousy he 
be sura mentioned was a 
^iam. The same opi- 
held by Mr. Whitbread ; 
first resolution being put» 
addition by Mr. Bankes, 
mqi should be paid with- 
or deduction^ it passed 

ioond resolution, for an 
9 Mrs. Perceval of 20001. 
fee or deduction, being 
ptd Caatlereagh was car- 



HHIDiDiity was disturbed, 
debate unfortanately as- 
fpaewhat of a party aspect, 
jv$iiaiDer*s motion, ^That 
teofaoOOl. payable to 
!g(pM -Perceval for her lifcv 
■r her decease, be paid to 
(l^jcaofndaotof the Right 
PNWrjierceval'as shall be 
HHihij hnir for the term 

BMncai declared his dis- 
ih Mr. Wil- 
sioa 



ID 



that such a vote woold be suspected 
to have originated fnim the politi- 
cal opinions of those who ha<f 
nsnatly supported the deceased 
minister } Lord Castlereagh moved 
an amendment upon it which went 
to set it aside ; and other niembert 
spoke against it When, however^ 
the division took place. Lord Ca»i 
tlereagb's amendment was rejected 
by 107 againut 67, and Mr. Sutn-^ 
ner*s motion Tk-as carried by 13(9 
against 23. 

The report bdng brought op orf 
the next day, the iint and seconcl 
resolutioLs were read and agreed td 
fum, cm, Mr. Huskisson thelk 
rose, and after some observation^'^ 
respecting the situation of Mr,r: 
Perceval's eldest son, now at the 
university, who would come oat 
into the worid with a slender pit^ 
tance, proposed that the third reso- 
lution should be recoimnitftfd, and' 
a grant included in it of 10001.' 
a vear to the eldest s6n on h\i 
reaching the age of- 21, without' 
prejudice to his reversionary right 
to the sum already voted . A debate 
then ensued, in wiiich, unanimitf ' 
being no longer the cotisideration; 
the iriendi of the late minister 
showed a detenu ins tion to main- 
tain the ground they had gained; 
and carry the national bounty 16* 
his family as far as the feelings tif 
the house would permit ji whiM' 
the members in opposttidh seemed 
to think that enough had^ alrradf * 
been done for justice, and that 
augmentations would only be aa 
abuse of the public genefosity. 
Regarding the particulars of tlua 
discussion as neither pleasant oor 
instructive, we shall only state ita 
result. This was, that after tte' 
original resoludoOj and a aodott 

far 



tion of his public seiTices^ Avhich justi 

could not be acquiesced in bv those alwa 

who had disagreed with him in his the 

political mea-nres. Mr. Whit- ther 

breads Mr. Wynn* and Lord Mil- pens: 

lon^tpokeio the lame effect. Lord asser 

CaadoR^y Mr. CaDoing, Mr. Run 

)lirilbeffaroe» and others, supported tbe 

ik^ motian, which was carried on Leve 

• divinon bj 109 votes agaitst 20. in Cb 

• Mr. Httskiison then, npon a Shan 
aeoonamittal of the resohition pro- lords! 
posed by Mr. Bamner, moved his move 
amendment upon it relative to the fi^r th 
grant of 10001. a year to tbe eldest himsi 
aoB of Mr. Perceval, which was for ti 
•greed to withooC opposition. Cast!< 

On the bringing up of the report stana 

«f the committee on May 30, Mr. Bellir 

^faitbread rose to make his final Princ< 

olQCClioBa to tbe resolution, on the this [ 

ground that any thing further than read 

what had been done by the first contei 

lesolutions must be considered as a said, 

Inward for public services, in which culpal 

hfi oonld not concur. He also Steph* 

lae&tiooed some parturulars of the happy 

^Kumstancea of the family, to entire) 

t h o w thatapchan addition was not as far 

iry. The debate was then In 12n 



GENERAL HISTORT, 



17§ 



i 



CHAPTER X. 



Jitr, if'hnkys Motkn fir an ^fident AJminis/ration^^NiegBtittiions fit m 
Ntw Admimstrahani and Discusshns in Parliament tm tkatSuiji 
Jkf€al^ the Ordgrs in Cotpnil. 



WHATEVER might be the 
_ geoerel opinioa of Mr. 

talents as a statesman, 
denied his ability as a skilful 
in the House of Commons. 
Xik loM to the existing admiaistra- 
tioo was therefore considered as a 
■troke which they could not possi- 
Wly sunrive; and it immediately 
■et in motion all that mass of poli- 
tical intrigue and speculation which 
■cwci faila to be called into actirity 
upon a prospect of change in the 
fwnm naeDt, llie first operation 
of the parliamentary campaiipi 
ipaiied on this occasion, was the 
iKtion of Mr. Stuart Wortley re- 
fecting a strong and efficient ad- 
amiatration. 

' Tlus honoonble gentleman rose 
m May 21^ to submit to the House 
rf GonrooDS a motion for an ad- 
to the Prince Regenti pray- 
Rojal Highness to take such 
as might be best calcu- 
ktod to fttm an efficient admiuis- 
MioD. He said, it was notorious 
te an administration was upon 
fkfetVe of bong formed which 120 
fcliimmiJ man thought adequate 
tBMet the ougendcs of the times ^ 
^id^he thought it a more manly 
V>tlDitriit m SttdtK the formation 
Vnh « gofernmenty than to 
mgQii'idlyi 9 nd -lAtf wards com- 
Mm -k Mmatic tsppontioa to 



it. His object then was> to addran 
his Royal Highness to form Mi 
efficient administration, thereby 
implying that the persons MmT 
about to be called to, and to bo 
continued in the management of 
public affairs, did not possess tho 
confidence of the country. With 
respect to the grounds of his mo* 
tion, they might be stated in tbeso 
three questions. Whether at tbo 
present crinis, an efficient govefn* 
menr, possessing the full confideoes 
of the people, was not absolutely 
necessary? Did the present go- 
vernment possess that confidence f 
Hnd all been done that might bafO 
been done to form the desired ad» 
ministration ? The first of thtif 
positions was too self-evident tO 
require an answer. I'be second 
wa<i in his mind equally true ftod 
certain. If the present goveni^ 
ment had not been very stfoBjg 
even with the aid of Mr. Percevftr« 
great talents, they were certainly 
worse than weak without it. Afe 
to the third, he thought that little^ 
very litile, had been done towards 
the furtherance of an object so de- 
sirable. He then alluded to tht 
abortive attempt which had some 
time ago been made to enlarge the 
basis of the adminstration, and 
said that he was convinced nothing 
dStctual could be dono in thto 

point 



8«] ANNUAL REGISTER,. WIS. 

point withoat conciliating the Ca^ prophetic an6dpatton of what aa 

tholics. After some further obser- administration was to be. He bad 

vations on this topic^ he asserted seen admtnistnitions, prematareljr 

that his motion came before them denounced as weak» conduct public 

destitute of any other influence afifairs with acttfity and vigoor^ 

than what it might derive from its whiUt others of grrat promise ttad 

own merits, [t was entirely spon- miserably failed. The honourable 

taneous : he had consulted no one gentleman then moved as as 



about it, atid was then actually amendnaent, ^' That the oil 

ignorant whether it would be se- orders of the day be now rfttd.*' 
conded or not. As one of the Lord Mihon supported fbe ori- 

greatest friendit and admirers of ginal motion, and contended that 

Mr. Perceval, he had come forward it was not only the right, but the 

ifk an open and undisguised man- absolute duty, of the House <^ 

oer to show that the govtmment, Coraroons to interfere when tfaey 

4rprived of him, could not be saw an adtifiinistration about to be 

supported by all his friends. He formed which was not likdy to 

fell a pain in so doing from his obtain the coofiilenoec^ the people* 

relation to the noble lord below He said that the unsuccessftii at* 

kim, but it was a sacrifice on the tempt df the present mtnisfers to 

altar of duty. The honourable ally themselves with men of abiii* 

^nember concluded by moving the ties who difi*ered with them 



anoounord address. g^reat political questions, was an 

Lord Milton seconded the mo- acknowledgment of thdr 



tion. . petency. 

Mr. Eyre opposed it as an un- Sir F. Bordett gave reasons ivby 

constitutional inrerfcrence with the he could not concur either in the 

prerogative of the crown, of which motion or the amendment. TImio 

there was no instance upon record, had been many ministries ccmipoard 

TUB" house had interfered when an of persons of different 



administration had been formed who, nevertheless, had done no» 

and found inefficient, but had thing to reficve the country from its 

never come forward with its pre- dangers and burdens, which never 

tiotts advice. He disputed the could be done, without a ooBstho*^ 

honourable mover's ground of the tional relbrm in the repfesemaiifHi 

inefficiency of the present adminis- of the people m parliament > and bv 

tration. They had, indeed, lost read a pinposed amendment of the 

their greatest support, and had original motion to that effect; 

attempted to remedy it by seeking Mr. Wilberfbrce argutid at sooio 

the aid of persons whose political length on the uocoDSti rot tonal 

Opinions were nearly the same with onture of the imerieieilce -witb tbr 

their.owu, but wnowould not concitr prerc^tive of the crown hapliB d m 

ki the proposal unless certain qtles- the first mottoo, and said that thbtf 

lions, wtre conccrded to them : 3^ears ago, the cjuestien wb^tbs 

^uestioos already determined by the the house sboold have a prct i out 

votes pf the house, and hf believed, negative on the qipoiatment of 

by the opinion of the country, minbtefs had been deckkd; Bem 

He haclnc^g^eat reUauce upon the haps it.migLt be aaid ibat tba 

-idOuoci 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[-8-1 



1 not go to prescribe to 
A-bnm he should chonse, 
>n)mciid a strong admi- 

but it was iair to 
be morion with the 

which it was iiitro- 
irh rcsport to the qiies- 
liaiiieni.iry n-form, he 

been favourable to it, 
not ser liow such re- 
materially diminish the 
if the D3nnrry. 
. J. W. Ward would 
that die interfen^ncc 
was UDconsiiintuina], 
allowed tiiat it should 
irted to but on impor- 
ons ; but what, he 
d be more important 
•sent? I'here were two 
r the ndopiion oi* the 
ic danger cf the coun- 
5 acknowledged weak- 
present admini^tralion. 
vas admitted on all 
1 respect to the second, 
(pare himself the dls- 
ik of naming individu- 

mighr appeal to the 
ig, maniffsted in come 
I before the death of 
■ly though his ability 
\l by many to compcn- 
inetiiciency of his cf)l- 
Bf h persons, however, 
a poor compiiment to 
f if they continu^'d to 
■BUS <:onfi(lcnce in (he 
■n- which had lost his 
Sbo faonourabl'? mem- 
Rioeeded to allude to 
i • attempt for pro- 
MUkm of strength, by 
l^agpntlemnn of great 
-^kqiience (Mr. Can- 
I t*-a noble Marq < ; is 
dtt» aiacerity of which 
mMoo} id^ he par- 



tirularJy adverted to the anti- 
catholic principle which was fuD- 
damcutal to the existing ministry. 

Mr. Ryder repeated Home of 
the. arguments already adduced to 
prove tliat tl;e motion was uncon- 
fsiitutiorjal, and point''d out tlie 
diflirenre between the case which 
had bren a.ludod to, respecting 
Mr. Pitt, and the present. He 
then foiu'.d it necessary to touch 
nnon some fiicts pretty generally 
known, premising th.it he could 
not l)e su*;prctc*d of any private 
motive, since he was no longer t 
number of the administration. He 
b' lieved his riiiht hoii friend (Mr. 
Canning) would nut say that the 
offers had not been made in per- 
fect sinceiiry. and in the hope that 
they would l^c accepted. He did 
not mean to in)pute their rejec- 
tion as a fault lo him, but he 
knew it had excited extreme 
concern on the part of govern- 
ment. With respect to the opi- 
nioas held on the princioal topics 
at issue. He had papers whch fully 
explained them, but which at this 
time, b'- did not think himself »u- 
thorised to produce. He could 
see no ground for supposing in- 
abihty in the noble lord at the 
head of government (Lord Liver- 
pool) who, ten or eleven years ago, 
h:id l)een characterised as the mail 
mo»t fit to succeed to the highest 
place, with the sole exception of 
Mr. Fox. In conclusion, he asked 
wheilier the members, who for 
four years had supported by their 
majoi ities the measures of adminis- 
tration, )»*ould act a part agreeable 
to their constituents by adopting a 
motitm intended to subvert a go- 
vernment which had received the 
highest approbation throughout the 
country? 

[G] Mr, 



raaj ANNUAL REGISTEft, 1811. 

Mr» Caoniiig, though be had cutholici, but not ef«Q a iBipmi 

not mcaot to have troubled the tion that an inquiiy ahoold ba 

Houac on the present occ8tk>n« instituted. 

could not avdd aniweripg the LordCaatlereagbawrovedbi^* 

call which the last member, he lyof the manner in which the 019- 

.thought somewhat unfairly^ had tion had been met by t)ke amenA- 

made upon him. In hisjustifica- ment, since, a direct nqptive 

tory speech, which will not bei|r might have been subject to aen* 

Abridgment, he said, '' whatever ous misconstruction^ The ri§lit 

lias passed verbally without these dutinction had been taken in 

walls, by an absolute agreement sayiog that the House was 119C 

between Lord Liverpool, who from circumstances justified at tUs 

made the proposition, and my- time to interfere, not that it ought 

aelf, was reduced to writing, that not to interfere at all. He tliea 

it might be less subject to mis- entered into a defence of the nu- 

apprehension or perversion I and to nisters, and of his own coodad; 

that minute, an answer opon paper and asserted, that being aware that 

was returned by me, to which, his presence might have ecobar* 

standing at the bar of my coun- rassed government in th^ objed of 

tiy, to answer for niv conduct, I availiog themselves of tboso talents 

b^ leave to refen" With respect and connexions which were de eHS * 

to the intimation by the mover of ed beneficial to the state, be bad 

the amendment, that he had de- tendered his resignation to hb 

manded some concessions of prin- royal highness. Adverting to the 

ciple as the price of his accept- <^ase of Mr. Canning, he s»d that 

ance of office, he said, that he gentleman had refusedtheco-c^eia- 

merely inquired of Lord Liver- tion of his talents, becauae be 

pool, as a matter of information, could not carry a particular point 1 

whether the policy and sentiments but ought be not to have appriaed 

o( his colleagues continued the the House what his practical opt- 

same^ and was candidly answered, nion on the subject was, and wte 

that his own opinions upon this was the plan by which the nteasoit 

grand topic (the catholic question) might be carried into e&ecotiou^ 

remained unchanged, and he" was He felt as much as any ama Ibt 

not aware that those of his col- fundamental importance of tbe c^ 

leagues bad undergone any altera- tholic question, but it waa ridi^- 

tion. When he was thus informed Ions to talk of creating a ^ovesfH 

of the settled opinions of tbe head ment sunply for its diseuasioa^ Ha 

of govemmfut^ honoured with the then touched upon the aeciifitMM 

chief confidence of the sovereign, requisite from the catholjc Jbodf, 

and possessing all the influence and prior to tbe granting ef tiiair 

authority afforded by his station, claims, and denied that lie hioiMif 

could he for an instant doubt their had given thesaany poritivepMga 

practical effect on the other mem- for concession at the time eif fk$ 

bers ot the cabinet! The right union. He spokoof tbcg^K«t;a|0r* 

hon. gentleman in conclusion af' tions made by. the ministry fer t^M 

firmed, that he had seen not only support of the war in the puninsnhj 

eo desire to grant any thing to the and concludad. ffilsh -dcgwytrijg 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[8S 



cfe stamping of a stigma on an 
idmiai9tration» the whulc of which 
V2S ont yet before the House, and 
rhroving discredit on a guvem- 
BKOiwfaen there wa4 little pros- 
pect of substituting a better in its 
nova. 

Sir John Newport made an 
minuted attack upon the last no- 
ble Jordj as having violated the 
pTOiuises by which he canted the 

DlioD. 

Tlie House at length divided on 
(he amendment, whtrn there ap- 
peared for it 1 JO^ against it 17^; 
njority agninst ininisiers^ 4. 

Mr. \Vortley*s motion was then 
caiTied without a division. Mr. 
W. neit moved that the address 
Aoald be presented by the whole 
Hoase^ but Mr. Yorke having 
Maml his intention of moving 
tk previous question upon it, Mr. 
Wortley altered his motion to that 
of its beine presented by such 
BKoibers of the House as ure of 
b Majesty's privy council. A di- 
viiion ensued, in which the motion 
«ai negatived by 176 to 174. Mr. 
Wortley expressed his utter sur. 
pile that a motion of such high 
iBportance should by any mannge- 
iMt of finesse be sutiPered to re^ 
*ua a dead letter. A debate fol- 
lowed in which the Speaker was 
appealed to in order to extricate 
ve House from the disagreeable 
' *Qibanuament it had got into. 
•4AerM»ne discuasious on the point 
.•f «dcr, Mr. Wynn moved " that 
^W address be presented to his 
^^^d highness the Regent by Mr. 
yiart Wortley and Lord Viscount 
^^lillOQ." This proposal was agreed 
vitbeot a division ; Mr. W. 
ipg that be should consider 
L^V dqr on which he prrsenfed 
fS^mdresa ai the proudeftt of his 



The address was accordingly 
presented, and on May 22d Mr. 
W«»rtlcy reported the following 
answer from his royal highness: 
*' J shnll take into my serious 
and immediate ronnideration (he 
address which I received from the 
Hoiise of Commons.*' 

A change in tlie ministry now 
became the most interesting topic 
of the time: and as it occasioned 
much discussion and conversation 
in both houses of piirliament, we 
shall proceed to give a succinct 
and unintemipted i elation of the 
most remarkable circiinistaucea at* 
tending it, to its linal close. 

Mr. firougimm first incidentally 
introduced the stibjcct on May 
20th, when, making a motion for 
an account of the London dock 
duties, he took occasion to observe 
that it was then understood " that 
the same vigorous and efiicient ad* 
ministration as guidc^l thecouncila 
of the country during the last 
week, possessed again the confi- 
dence of the Prince Regent, and 
expected to ror^ain the con tide nee 
of the House of Commons." 
He also hid been informed that 
there was nn intention of moving ' 
an adjournment of the House this 
day, which he greatly deprecated. 

Mr. Whitbread follcwed with a 
direct address to the noble lord 
(Castlereagh) requesting from him 
some distinct information respect- 
ing his own situation and the pro- 
gress made in forming an eiiiclent 
administration. 

His lordship in answer said, 
that he knew cf no intention of 
moving an adjourn men t ; and that 
his own situation was now precise- 
ly what it was last Friday (22nd), 
he iind his colleagues still retaining 
their offices during the interim oc- 
cupied in concerting arrangements 

[G 2] on 



•4]j ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 

TO an CKtended basts. It n wor- tfe first ^ttestioa ^sohftdy m 

tby of Dotioe, though not dicectly negadft i die occoiid Ml 

ironnectod with this topic^ that, coorae. 
i»l¥erttiig to an obiervatioa tbade On Monday, June adl> the 

h^ Mr. Whitbread, his lordship, tor was taken op in the 

at this period* totally disclaimed of Lords, after a motioo &r 

any knowlec^ whatever that this journment from the £ar1 of 

country was on the eve of a war ftool. The Duke of Norfolk 

with America. be^^d previoiidy ta nk n£ She 

On May 80th Mr. Martin of fiarf if he was only a tempcnvf 

Crdway attnoonoed bis ^intention minister until a soccessor wm 

cf moving on the next Wednesday, appointed. The Earl replied that 

if something were not done to pre- he was in the same skoatiGn he 

vent it, an addpess to the Prince held on Friday se'nnigbt, in 

•Begeot^ beseeching him to cany he continued only till the 

«itoetfect without delay hisfra- Regent should be i^eased to 

cious declaration in answer to the oify his pleasure u to any fiUnra 

address of the House of Commons, arrangement. 

On June 1st Mr. Canning rose The Marqois Wdlesley thes 

-lor the povpose of appnzhig the itise and inforoied the hooae 

Jast hon. member and Mr. Wert^ tlie t'rince Regent bad 

'ley* that he had on that daj re- to require his opinicm with a 

)ceived an intimation from a noble to the formation of an admioistm* 

friend of his in the other bouse, tion, and that he had stated this 

illhat upon the morning of that day^ opinion with the freedom wtiich 

the Prince Regent had given dirac^ his duty demanded ; further, ^st 

lions to him (the Marquis of he had this day tendered to his 

'Wellesley) to proceed forthwith in royal higbr^ess his* resignatioD of 

iaktng such measures as appeared the authority thus vested 'm hJaoi, 

'to him t)est calculated to form which had 'been accepted* 

-ft strong and efficient administra- then lamented, -that the 

' ti(»i. dreadfid personal animosities, 

Mr. Wortley then, in conie* the most terrible difficulties artsiiis 

quenoe of some statements which out of questions the most eo nay i ii 

iiad appeared in the newspapers, cated and important* should lava 

vut the fcdlowing questions to Mr. interposed obstacles to an aiHWg j p o 

^onsonby: 1. Whether any per- ment so essential to the pubfic 

eon, up tQ this moraing, did make welfaie. He bad desired mad ob» 

any proposition to the right hon. tained his royid higbnesa'a pa«> 

fentleman* or to any of has right 'mission to state to the House idl 

on. friends* to form part of an die circumstances -of this tnoMD- 

administmtion ; and did jthey give tion in which he had any Aent^ 

a refusal lOn f)ersonal grounds, or but at the same time his advioe 

on what other grounds ? 2. Whcdier was that such diiolosuie shoiM not 

in what had poised in those propost* be called for, under the eo a vkt io iL 

lions, if any were made, bis friends that at the preaentcrtstait would^ir 

insisted oa an;p, and what, con<- highly mischievous. Bad StaiH 

ditioBB ?** Mr; Fonsonby answered hcpe thought it was the duty of 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[SS 



dships to call fsr this dis- 
Tbe Ear) of Limerick 
apsntrary opinion. 
Gfcnvillr, in agreeing as 
mpropriety of a present 
S hoped he might be per- 
> states that in the little 
icb his noble friend (Lord 
od himself bad in the 
>Dy they had nothing to 
or conceal, or that they 
>ti be anxious to have laid 
le public whenever the 
jne should arrive. He 
>t have ri^rn on the pre- 
sif^n, had it not been for 
ion of the noble marquis 
ul personal animosities as 
cle to the arrangement. 
d assure their lordships, 
loble friend and himself, 
f were actuated by no 
feeling whatever, but 
r cousidrrations of public 
and public interests. 
isi\ of LivcrjK)ol, in like 
disclaimed for himself and 
ID acted witii him the per- 
imosities alluded to. 
Sari of Moira said that it 
D his office in the course 
legotiation to be the hum- 
lunent of crmciliaiion. and 
lameoied that ditferenres 
rang^anents had rendered 
leavoun ineffectual. Ht; 
Mkd to " points of form,** 
bad stood in the way of 
tiooi but said, h(* was sa- 
lat it wa< all misnpprehen- 
id trusted th:it before the 
wmt again, some arranoe- 
iwldl be made satibf.ictory 

Biejr codid not but think 
mM9 Earl who spoke la^t 
lil^pKl the line observed 
WJuTrti OB tfais ccca»ioD. 

.1 . .-V 



He felt anxious to remove any mis- 
apprehensions to which his expres-* 
sion of ** points of form*' might 
give rise, assuring itieir lordshipa 
that his noble friend and he were 
not actuated by any considfrationt 
of "points of form." but bv that 
of principles, which if not fimda- 
mental to the constitution, were at 
least essential to the existence of 
a government with a view to the 
welfare of the countr}'. He like-^ 
wise diselaimed for himself any of 
that feeling of pergonal animosity 
to which the Marquis W. had 
alluded. 

The House then adjourned. 
In the House of Commons, oi^ 
June 3d, Mr. Cannine ma<'!e a 
similar communication of the Mar- 
quis Wellesley's having reigned 
the authority conferred upon liim 
by the Prince Regent. Mr. Mar- 
tin of Gal way rose to put n ques- 
tion on the subject to Mr. Ponson- 
by, but being en 'led to order, and 
finding that '^e sense of the 
House was against him, he de- 
sisted. 

When the House of Lords met 
as;ain on June 5th, the Karl of 
Moira rose to discharge a duty 
which he doubted not that the noble 
Mi^rquis (Wrllesley) would have 
performed if he had been present 
in his place. This was to correct 
a most mischievous application 
that had been made of his ex- 
pression relative to *' personal ani- 
mosity," as if it had ref rred to 
the feelings of the Prince Regent. 
He had distinctly to state that no- 
thing^ of that quality of animosity 
existed ; and ih^t, as on the one 
hand, the iMustrious personage did 
nrver suggest one individual as a 
fit member, or make the resen'a- 
tion of a single scat to be filled 

upon 



.1 



S6] ANNUAL register; 18H. 



upon subsequent consi<iienitio&, 9tf, 
CO the other, iheie never was a 
attpalation for the exclusion of 
MBj penon j but the fullest pow- 
ers were given to the noble Mwr* 
quia to lay befot e the Regent the 
naost beneficial plan that could be 
anggeated for the formation <^ t 
governnient competent to the pre* 
lent crisis. 

.. . Lord Grenville said, that he 
wished his noble friend who had 
just spoken had con6ned his state- 
ment to a point of which he trost^ 
ed no . one entertained a doubt $ 
for as to the rest, the impression 
made upon his miAd by an official 
and authorised paper was com- 
pletcl)* at variance with thnt, which 
he had expressed. It was there 
distinctly notified that the Prince 
Regent had signified bis pleasure 
that one office, pa«icwlariy desig- 
nated, should be held by a par- 
ticular individual pointed out; and 
that in the whole, four individuals 
expressly named should occupy 
seats in the cabinet. 

This statement was confirmed 
by Lord Grey, who in his speech 
read the following paragraph from 
the written document above- 
inentioned. 

'* That bis royal highness the 
FrincQ Regent has signified his 
pleasure that Lord Wellesley 
. should conduct the formation of a 
fovernmeot in all its branches, 
and should be .first commissioner 
' of the treasury, and that Lord 
Moira, Lord Erskine, nn£ Mr. 
Canning, should be members of 
the cabinet. That it was proba- 
ble that a cabinet formed upon an 
enlarged basis must be composed 
of 12 or 13 members; that the 
Prince Rec;ent wished Lords Grey 
and Gienville on t^e part of their 



firknds to recommend fi> bit Seyal 
Uighoes^s approbation the oamfls 
of four persons if t^e eabiiwt 
shoald consist of twelve, aoid of 
five persons if it sbriold consist of 
thirteen members, to be aj 
by his Royal Highness to tiill 
situations as might heteaftor be 
ranged. That his Roysd Higtmeas 
left the sdeetion of the names to 
Lords Grtry and Grenville vritboot 
any instruction or personal excdo^ 
don ; that in completing the as^ 
rangements tbf Prince lli^ent baa 
granted to Lord Wellesley the &%¥ 
tire liberty to propose the names 
ef any persons to bold ^ic^ in bsM 
Royal Highnesses coimcils, or anf 
other persons/' 

This, said LordGre^, was ite 
proposition made t6 them, ^whlcii 
they understood, and understand, as 
naming particular persons, and as 
limiting and providing by prefYoos 
arrangement that particnlar places 
should be assigned to particular 
persons. Under such etrctmi^ 
stances, he and t^is nol^ fnaii4 
concurred in a decided refasalof 
t]^t proposition, sanctioned by Lotd 
Holland. It was true that aobse* 
€]uent explanations had been af> 
forded by the noble Earl (Moim)> 
but without professing to htit 
any instructions or autboHty ^ndi 
the Prince Regent. 

Lord Moira said that Afe |Mli. 
sage just read strnck biny wa a 
directly opposite point of view 
from that taken by the ntitlh 
Lords ; and he still contended that 
the feilure rose fVom ihisap p y eh aa* 
sion. A conversation evsoed^ of 
which it is not material to rdafe 
the heads^ and which was tenx^- 
nated by the Lord ChanoeUbf^ 
motion for an adjournment. 

In tbeHoQseofCooicbeCH^ Hrf- 

Ay 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[87 



dif ildfft Mh, a report being 
brought op from the ooromtttee of 
ymy» and ineaof. Sir J. Newport 
aatd, that the Hoqbc was reduced 
to the dilemsaa either of with- 
l^kltog the tappliesy or of granting 
tbem without a responsible minis- 
t^« This brought on a conversa* 
tioQ relative to the state of the ne* 
gociattons for a mioistiy> in which 
Qftnerai Grascoyne read an address 
to the Prince Regent which he 
ittlended to move on Monday, ex- 
pressing their regret for the ob- 
ataclrs which had occurred in 
forming an administration, and 
t^ir wish that an arrange- 
meot might immediately take 
place. A debate then ensued, 
whether the House should con- 
tinue to sit from day to day, or 
adjourn to Monday, and the ad- 
journment was at length agreed 
i^^n. 

On Jane 8th, the Earl of Liver- 
poo) rose in the House of Lords, 
and stated to their lordships, that 
the Prince Regent had on that day 
been pleased to appoint him first 
commis^ner of the treasury, and 
had given authority for completing 
t))e other arrangements for the ad- 
ministratiop as soon as possible. 
After some declarations on the part 
•f his lordship and of Lord Motra on 
their conduct during the late nego- 
ciatiooa. Lord Liverpool moved 
that the Houae do adjourn. 

The Marquis of Wellesley then 
rote to enter into aq explanation 
of the principles on which he had 
acted J and of an expresssion which 
' be had used on a former day. His 
^i}ftct, he said, throughout the ne- 
gociation had been, that three 
great principles should form the 
b^tiis of the proposed arrangement : 
1. that the laws affecting the ca- 



tholics sbcHild be taken Into con- 
sideration with a view to a con- 
ciliatory adjustment : 2. that the ' 
war on the peninsula should be 
carried on with adequate vigour : 
a. that the administration should 
not be confiiied to one party, but 
should be formed from all parties 
of individuals agreeing in the two 
first principles, and coming to an ^ 
arrangement on other matters.^ 
With regard to his expression of 
''•dreadfiiil personal animosities," 
he had no hesitation in avowing 
that he had used it advisedly^ ana 
with reference to the Earl of Liver-' 
pool and his colleagues, for it was 
from their cdnduct that the only 
obstacles arose to his proposed' 
arrangement. 

This avowal called up the Earl 
of Harrowby, who demanded of, 
tne Marquis proofs of the charge 
thus insinuated. 

Lord Wellesley, in reply, stated 
the reasons why he had used that 
expression, and had considered the 
obstacle as standing on that ground. 
He had laid before the Lords Grey 
and Grenville the proposition above 
mentioned, and had rrcrived from 
them an answer which satisfied 
him. From the noble Lord oppo- 
site, to the same proposition he bad 
received the following answer ; 
*' that he had consulted his coU 
leagues, and that they did not 
think it necessary to consider the 
principles stated in the proposition, 
as tliey were all resolved, after 
what had recently passed, not to 
be members of any administration 
formed by Lord Wellesley/'- Ano- 
ther noble Lord referred to the 
same answc^r, saying that ** it was 
not necessary to enter further into 
the discussion of a matter of pergo- 
nal feeling.** If these noble lords 

disw 



4 



1 



ed that ior tJ.c X^ oT^h '"-'■■'- '''^*' 
j years in wb.ch h^h J .^•' **" ii 

Dion had existfd hMw,?.?? T" " '"' 
»»>«^ orlicr memLm of r '•■?" ""'* '">• 

^''ving btvn a pi^ry »» T^''' ""= ' 
««on. which had g vc. h:'"""- ""^-^ 

^'f' on fo oth<r l;„i " "'^" "'"'h< 



r 



claration that he k i«, 'f^r/"" '^^^ 'J'Hr 

Earl Grey tb„, (ot,k _,,, . ,. '"m, j 

discussion, in order ^ ^ ," "** « 'ey rr 

the Honse ,he g"mim- •''''^"^' '« ''« co 

Wif and bifToEE;"?'^!! Thatt 

declined being included ,b, t"'^ '" '"'^o. 

P«« now adnHnistra.io aT' ^''» °' " 

."entioning their con* c ion t f "°""'<=' 

in Ihc C.O...C., ,hc prinS!. f '"""^ ""I 

measures to u-i.-vi" ""P^*'" a-'d of ,i,^ i 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[^ 



liberality. '^ To avoid 
that might arise (said 
brought forward a dif- 
I toicibly struck my 
I in coiiiequeiice, the 
rokf* oft' I he intrrcourse^ 
lat he could proceed no 
.'hat l^e acted conscirn- 
4ve no doubt ; hut the 
upon my mind from 
curasiancr^, was that 
f,.re stated tu your lord* 

1 of Moira in his reply, 
Grr*iivillr ill a subse- 
ch, b^>th ugrr'eii that 
nee was u:'nn an im- 
i constiiuiional ))oint; 
lystery wan nor d«ve- 
e de.'Mie ot thai d.iv. 
n the Hou'-r. of Com- 

the sul)icct recruf-d 
•lucid^iiiun. On June 
im.iri Wortlrv br-nght 
niotiun respf-ciiiig the 
the iiegrK-'iatioiis for ^ 
liiiraticH). In the pre- 
iew which he gave of 
tion in the three weeks 
prcfteniaiion ot the ad 
'h be h»d moved, he 

after the negi elation 
Lord Wellcsiev and 
sy and Grenville hid 
D end, Liord Moira had 
D oncondiiionat power 
Mnce Regent to renew 
ri expressed to those 

■U ihe leading ques- 
olicy would be laid at 
to tie managed at their 
I Motra, however, would 
:to what was insisted 
inary condition— 
tf ike household : on 
ibose noble lords 
B0l2to- throw away all 
^ink dading objects of 



their political wishes. Their ex- 
cuse was, a jealousy of the in- 
fluence which I hey supposed to 
exist st»mewi ere, and over which 
thry hud no controol. Mr. W. 
madf se%eral strictures upon this 
conduct, which he thought on- 
justifiable $ and then adverted to 
whit followed. Lord Moira re- 
signed his powers; and by that 
noble lord's advice, the Princa 
Regent called in once more the 
assistance ot his old Rervants* 
With this Mr. W . was not satis- 
fied, becau^ie he thought a strong- 
er ailiMni^tration might be formed, 
and he wished the state might have 
the a>iv:intage of the talents of 
all par.'ies. He then moved 
tor dn adiirr-ss to the Prince Re- 
gent, me tenor of which was to 
expre-s the regret of the House 
that the cxp^Ttations hdd out 
in his Hoy Hi Highnesses gracious 
answer to their former address 
had not yet b en realize d, and 
their earicst entreaties that his 
Royal Highness wonio form with- 
out delay such an administration as 
may he entitled to the support of 
parliament and the confidence df 
the nai4on. 

We shall not undertake to enter 
into the details of the succeeding . 
copious d^b.^te, the result of which 
was of no practical importance; 
but shall only notice the remarka- 
ble matters ot fact respecting tha 
late neg.iciations which came to 
light during its progress. ' 

llie matter of the household ap^ 
pointments was introduced by most 
of the speakers, some censuring^ 
and others defending, the conduct 
of Lords Grey and Grenville with 
respect to them. ITie statement 
of Lord Yarmouth, as a prim ipal 
person couceraed^ was the tirst 

tiling 



S©]; AN.yUAL EEGISTEl, IW«. 

i^iog ooeorring in the cLebato that tdverled to the pc dp ote d 

deserved attentioa od this bead. Hit in the bousehoAd, and deoied tbat» wm • 

Igrdabip said* that with respect to had been affirmed, they wecefproau- 

the bousehpldf it was the ioten- . cr than were ever before medi- 

tioD of himself and bis friends to tated on a change a£ adminttlri* 

reugn the situations which they at tion ; and he enlarged npoo tbe^ 

present held, previously to the necessity of giving strength to m- 

new adininistration*s entering into ministry which wwild have moch 

office. This intention of theirs opposition to encounter, by iospiF-> 

was well known ; they took evtry ing a geneml belief that it poe«, 

means of stating it in quarters sesiied the full confidence of th» 

whence it had any likelihood of sovereign. 

reaching the ears of the persons Mr. Canning then rose to gtve- 

ipterested ; and in particular they to the House an account of the 

communicated it to a right bon. share which he and Lxjrd Wellea» 

gentleman who took an active ley had had in the negociations in 

part la the negociation (Mr. Sberi- question, and produced tercral osi- 

dan). Their intention originated nutes of communications and )t^ 

in a wish to save the Prince Regent ters which we shall al^ <^7- 

from that humiliation which he What the boo. gentleman disdosed. 

must have experienced from their respecting the part t^en by Lcx4 

being turned out of office. He Mcnra iu these transactions was 

spokein the namenotof one ortwo>, most material, and oaade a strong 

botof all the officers of the house- impression on the public. Aftei 

hold. They all stated to his Royal defending the noble lord £or ob- 

Highness their wish to resign, and jecting to the displacement of the 

only requested to know, ten mi- gceat officers of the household, the 

^utes before certain gentletpen re- right of doing which he did not 

ceived the seals, that such a dr- deny, but dumght that a constra«^> 

cunostance was to take place, in tion would be given to the exercise 

order that they might make a time- of it which might occasion great 

Ij resignation. public mischief, Mr. C. said, there 

Mr. Ponsonby, who rose n6xt, was one point oonnected with this 

began with affirming, with regard part of Lord Moira*s conduct which 

to what had fallen from the noble he was authorised to state partial* 

lord who spoke last, that he now larly. Fearing that be was not 

heard it from his lips for the first entirely understood by the Frinee 

time in his life, that nothing of when be received his unrestricted 

that import had ever been stated comooands to form an administn- 

to himself or Lords Grey and tion, on returning to the royal pr^ 

Grenville, and that they never setice, he put this question '< 



entertained the remotest idea that ly : ''Is your Royal Hi^meit 

auch an intention existed. He prepared, if I should so adviae it, 

then went into a history of the ne- to part with all the officers of yoor 

gotiation with those noble lords, household?" The answer was, *< I 

m which he referred to certain let- am.*' '' Then (said Lord Ifoin) 

ters aiid fninlites which will be your Royal Highness shall not fact 

fcnnd among our state papers.. He with one of thfcip**' * 

With 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[91 



h Ihii verjr singular drcum- 
we iball close our account of 
rianwDiary proceeding's on 
eresting topic of a change in 
Dioiftration ; for Mr. Sberi* 
ibsrqiient attempt to explain 
ice given to Lord Yarmouth 

tl»e resignation of the 
A6, scarcely merits a narra- 
^Aer two amendments of 
Drtley*s motion had been 
negatived, in one of which 
^as a division^ Ayes l64; 
19 ; the motion itself was 
•d without a division ; and 
old ministry remsnned de- 
in possession of the coun- 

of the House of Com- 

St this political ferment 
tating the different parties 
dates for ministerial power, 
minations in reference to 
rts of the orders in council 
le commercial and raanu- 
g interests in the kingdom 
iDg on with little interrup- 
t)oth houses of parliament. 
mass of evidence being at 
oollecled^ Mr. Brougham, 
1 16th, brought the matter 

decision beiore the House 
flions. He began his speech 
•erving, that the question, 

of unexampled interest^ 
e of little intricacy. Its 
treie few in number, and 
I in no obscurity or doubt. 
ItUtct, indeed, there appear- 
faf mass of details, and the 
iBine hnndred folios of evi-> 
iogether with the papers 
kioDi with which the taUle 
Itnig might cause the sub- 
iUhr vast and complicated ; 
^n not doubt in a short 
lltevinte bis hearers that 
ltHl.*«ddoia been one of a 



public nature brought before that 
House through, which the path wai 
shorter, or led to a more obvioos 
decision. •• 

The hon. gentleman then took a 
general survey of the severe dis- 
tress which was now pressing upon 
so many thousands of our indus- 
trious fellow-subjects, proved not 
only by their petitions, but by tbo 
numerous schemes and devtcee 
which had been resorted to as a re- 
medy for the evils caused by the 
suppression of their accustomed 
sources of employment* He re- 
minded the House of the general 
outline of the inquiry. Above a 
hundred witnesses had been ex- 
amined from more than thirty of 
the great manu&cturing and com* 
raercial districts. Among all these 
there was only one single witncsi 
who hesitated in admitting the 
dreadful amount of the present dis- 
tresses. Birmingham, Sheffield, 
the clothing trade of Yorkshire, 
the districts of the cotton trade, all 
deeply participated in thero. He 
then adverted to the proofs by 
which this evidence was met oo 
the other side of the Hous^ ; and 
took into consideration the entries 
in the caitora-liouse books, and the , 
substitutes and new channels of 
commerce said to compensate for 
those that arc closed. He next 
touched upon the topic so often 
resorted to by the defenders of the 
orders in council, that of the dig- 
nity and honour of the nation, and 
the necessity of asserting our marl- 
time rights; and he maintained that 
every right may sately be waved 
or abandoned for reasons of expe- 
diency, to be resumed when those 
reasons cease. He lastly d wel t upon 
the great importance of the American 
market to the goods produced in 

this 



• I 

..i 
■! 

i 



^ , ,, . «. .v til 1I|V IIIC 

that thi'» Hon-f h -» f.r hnint* time the 

pnsi h^'-n f ii'^ii :• i! in :i rujuiry ci il 

inr » th i-n»*.t'n <!>:' -.-■•1 ^-.jm* of gic: 

th*- t'omniorcr ar.d ni.Hi'ii.iC'irr.- of haiii 

the country, and the ' rtrts of rhe of C 

orders in council issued by his \Li- port 

jest)' in »hr yrar» Ib07 nnd I80f); wer« 

USMnn< his Royal Highn^sR that and *. 

this iiou«e will at all times support Live 

his Royal Highness to the utmost tVura 

of its pf>wer in maintaining those a gn 

jnst maritime rights wiiich have chani 

esseniiAlly contributed to the pros- vonr. 
 perity and honour of the reahn — Mi 

but beseeching his Royal Highnr*ss of ihr 

that he would btr graciously pleased ject ti 

to recal or suspend the said orders, that il 

j nnd adopt such measures, as mny to dec 

I tend to conciliate neutral powfTs, tres&cs 

! without sacrificing the rights and dtTs ii 

dignity of his Majesty's crown.'* brnefii 

Mr. Rt»se acknowletlged that 9 any o( 

very considrrablc degree of dis- for thr 

tress did exist among our manu- a num 

fiicturers, but would not admit that relative 

it was so much owing to the orders he cur 

In council as the hnn gentleman convici 

had represented. He c.>rrect(»d council 

several statements made by him, tial coi 

and shewed that the commrrr^ o^ /^k;«»»* 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[PS 



leoonsidenition of parlia- 
(ie deprecated any inter- 
oa the part of the House 
itKMi in which commercial 
tion* were mixed with 
naritirae right, and, peud- 
cate negotiation, dictating 
Kccutive government the 
ought to pursue. After 
nervations in defence of 
r and justice of the orders 
Iv and ii» answer to scimc 
nrer*8 stalenients, the no- 
ame to the point by say- 
t Great Britain would 
:o suspend her orders in 
xoi-ided America would 

• 

tier non-im(>ortatiou net. 
sriment mif^ht then be 
be practicability of resto- 
{• to their ancient system. 
these circumstances he 
at t}:e House would not 
to the address — and be 
e order of the day. 
liitbread then begged the 
! to say precisely what he 
to do with respect to 

'astlereagh said, that he 
It a proposition should be 
he American [government 
d immediately the orders 
i, on condition that they 
spend their non-importa- 

'hit bread was of opinion 
it proposition were to be 
to America, and it was 
Ibat the House and coun- 
I wait till they received 
r, h was the greatest de- 
t Sfer had been attempt- 
ht proceeded to express 
iRflH the urgency ot the 
M'by the manufacturers, 
IMiritjr of giving the in- 
liflf without delay. Mr. 



Ponsonby alto 8p<^ke against th« 
measure proposed » a^ calcoLi'ed to 
create delay. 

Lord Ca:itlereas;h, in further ex- 
planation, said that it vias never 
meant that there -iiould be anf 
delay in susj^ending the orderi^ \m 
council : the intention was that 
they should be suspended for a de- 
finite time, and th^t (his circum. 
stance «ihould be communicated to 
the American government for the 
double purpose of ascertain ing who- 
ther it would in a>i sequence ab« 
rogate its ni>n importation act| 
and also that it might apply to 
France to return to the aucieat 
system of belligerents. 

Mr. Wilberfbrce objected to the 
mode propo**ed by the noble lord^ 
because it shewed an unwillingnesa 
to do that which, in fact, he in* 
tended to do. • 

Mr. Canning, in giving a kind 
of middle opinion on the subject, 
contended that revocation was bet- 
ter than **uspension. 

Mr. Brougham, after congratu- 
lating the House on the prospect 
ot speedily getting rid of these or- 
ders, hopetl tliut the ooble lord 
would withdraw his motion for 
proceeding to the orders of the day, 
and cx[)lain more distinctly what 
was the exact iiiteniion of govern* 
ment. 

The final result was, that Mr. B, 
and Lotd Castlereagh severallj 
withdrew their motions on the ao« 
derstanding that an otiScial instrti-' 
mcnt on the subject should appear 
in the next gazette. 

It wa4 a remarkable circora* 
stance in this debate, th.it Mr» 
Stcph('n!i, the most strenuous de- 
fender and promoter of the orderf 
in council, was not present : a cer- 
tain proof that miaisten were al« 

readj 



L 



$♦] ANNUAL REGISTfill,-l«lt. 



retdy prepared to make the sacri- 
£ce wbicb the voice of thecoontry 
rendered inevitable. 

On June 23d, there appeared in 
the gazette a declaration from the 
Prince Regent absolutely and nn- 
cqiiivocally revoking the orders in 
«M>aneil as far as they regarded 
American vcs^ls ; with the provi- 
•o^ that if afkr t^e notification of 
this revocation by our minister in 
America, the government of the 
Untied States do not revoke their 
interdictory acts against British 
commerce, the same, after due no- 
tice, shall be ntill and of no effect. 

Mr. Brougham, on this <xxur- 
rence, declared the full satisfaction 
nf himself and his friends with the 
Jrank and manly conduct of go- 



vernment in the mode* it bil 
adopted I and both sidee of the 
House seemed happy in tlie pro§> 
pect of the amicable int e rcoona 
which this proceeding would re- 
store between the two countries. 
We cannot, however, refrain fiom 
expressing our astonishment, that 
during the debates there appeared 
ao little consciousness that ttie 
<)uestion of repealing or contimuog 
the orders in council, tvas m ral 
question of peace or war with 
America) and that deforing tlie 
decision - so long, was rendering 
it altogether unimportant. In fact, 
before the news of the repeal 
reached the United Statea, tkty 
were aetuttify ai njuar wih Grmi 
BritamJ 



CBAFTEK 



ENERAL HISTORY. 



l9S 



CHAPTER XI. 
T^e Budgtt. 



17th, the House 
solved itsf If into a 
^ays and Means, 
lor of the £xche- 
;ht boa. Nicholas 
lared that be coiild 
nm the duty which 
d upon him, with- 
aiadons unusually 
recollection of the 
m in which he was 
,c remembrance of 
idividual whom he 
nited. Considenng 
e be stood, who:»e > 
in bis hands, and 
wns about to state 
he fell rather that 
ing the last of the 
hit lamented friend, 
f hi^ own. Happy 
thought himself if 
le close of the d.iy, 
ipers again into his 
upplying his place 
occasioDal absence; 
U if he could inherit 
virtues, and close a 
BQrice with the same 
pablic approbation, 
nciouBness of un- 

i peculiar^ circum- 
Bunitlee would not 
I do moret than to 
f as possible what, 
HtBQ of a few parti- 
i ht would poiot out 



when he came to them, wis tbo 
intended budget of their departed 
friend. 

He should, in the Brst instance, 
recapitulate the charges of the pre- 
sent year, apd thrn proceed to 
the statement of the Ways and 
Means by which it was propo^d 
that those charges should be do- 
frayed. 

The whole amount of the sup- 
plies was already within the know- 
ledge of the committee, having, 
excepting 8' few inconsiderable 
votes for miscellaneous service*, 
been agreed to by the House. It 
certainly was an enormous, he 
might even say, a terrible extent 
of charge -, but he had the cons<31a- 
tion to reflect that, great as it was, 
the resources of the country were 
still equal to support it. 

On a reference to the papers on 
the table, it would appear that, for 
the navy, exclusive of ordnance 
for the sea service, the sum voted 
was 19,702,3991. :— for the army, 
including barracks and coninjissa- 
riat, and the military service of 
Ireland, 17,756,1601.; — an addi- 
tional vote of 90,000). for the bar- 
rack, department had been agreed 
to by the Hou^e) but the treasury 
had determined to strike otf this 
sum, and diminish the grant in the 
appropriation act by that amount. 
This diminution of charge pro- 
ceeded from a resolution to post- 
pone 



* 
li 






It probable that ci consiHrraMe 

part at least of thr plms whi Ii ri 

nad been sanf.io. td by tlu- vote< |,m 

of tb'» Hoiut* WDuKl be ultimate- l(» 

]y caiTied into rti'ect; but bis m 
Doble friend at the head of the* 

treasury board and be had not po 

lufficiently considered the subject for 

to be able to give a dedded opinion fx>r 

upon it, and they had determined ed 

*^ not to make themselves respon- the 

stble for works of great magni- for 

tude, and of no immrdiate ne- gal 
cessity, without full considera- 1 

lion. fore 

SUPPLIES, 1 
Navy, exclusive of Ordnance Sea 
ArmVj including Barracks, and C 

sariat 14, 

Ditto, Ireland . . . . : 3, 

Extraordinaries, 

England 5, 

Ireland 

\ Unprovided ditto last year 

Ordnance, incluling Ireland .... 
AliHCcUaneous . (including 4(X),G 

Permanent Grants) 

Vo»c of Credit, 

England " 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[97 



equal to dw amount actually paid 
oo that account in tbe preceding 
year.; it was also proposed that 
the amount of Excheqoer bills to be 
issued on Che aids of the next year 
ahould be less by 2»387»600l. than 
those which had been circulated in 
the year preceding. He felt him- 
telf bound to state that this ar- 
nagenaent, which formed part of 
the intended plan of his late right 
hon. friend^ bad been suggested to 
h\m by the directors o£ the fiank 
of England, who thought that tlus 
dnmktion of exchequer bills had 
been canried to too great an ex- 
tent; and this suggestion suf- 
ficiently proved that the directors 
of the Bank were not actuated 
by that desire which was so often 
jtnd 90 tinjustly attributed to them^ 
cf increaiing die gains of their 



corporation by an unliauted extcoit 
of paper currency. 

The three items which he 
had last named, amounting to 
4,187»B92l. constituted the sepa- 
rate charge of Great Britain, and 
when added to the sum of 
58,186,4561. which was the total 
of the supplies he had before 
stated, made the general amount 
of 62,3/6,3481. From this was 
to be deducted the Irish propordon 
of joint charge, amounting to 
6,845»7001. and the Irish proper^ 
lion ef the civil list and charges 
on the consolid^d fund,* t>eiiig 
about A 80.0001 J^ noaklng toge- 
ther 7,O25,70(AMm 

The result vrz% ^at the total 
of the supplies ft> be provided 
for .by Great Britain^ wis 
55,350,6481 



£^ 



Total joint chai^ge as above 68,188/150 

SEPARATE CHARGE. 

Loyalty Loan. . . 100,292 

Interest on Ex- 
chequer bills . 1,700,000 

— — — 1,800,292 

Add amount of Exchequer 
Bills charged on Aids 1812, 
outstanding, which it is not 
intended to replace by the 
issue of New Bills 2,387,600 



4,187,8Q2 



Total supplies 62,376,348 



Deduct Irish proportion of 
58,188,4561 

Ditto Civil list, and other 
Charges 



6,845,700 
180,000 



Total on account of England 
Vol. LIV. [H] 



7,025,700 
55,350,648 



Tbe 



* 

-I 



W..4 ciiau e.;plain, might, 

includiDr; thr pioptrly tiix, be 
tiikcn ar V»,4(;0,0a"Jl. j the Idtery 
.'^OO.OJOl. ; the lo.in in the 5 por 

rent, annuities contributed by the < 

subsciibers of exchequer bills in 1 

the spring o^^^ present year, ^ 

(!«769,G3dL i^Bkequer bills in- t 

tended to beVKd on the vote of t 

>^ -credit 3,OtX\pO0\, ; and he should fi 

observe that This last sum would 1 

]'j make no addition to the unfunded t( 

I debt, an equal sum granted on the di 

i" vote of credit of the last year, tc 

having been funded and not re- 2, 
:\ placed by any fresh issue ; the old 

naval stores which since the re- m 

commendation of the committee to 

\\ on public expenditure, had been tra 

^\ carried to the public account, 15 

would produce 44 1 ,21 8l. 

The next item would be the foi 

.1 

WAYS AND ] 

Annual Duties 

Surplus Consolidated Fund . . . 

War Taxes 

Lottery 

Loan by Subscribers of Exchi 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[99 



tlie vnjs and meaos exceeded 
£be supplies about 40,0001. 

He would now return to the 
mode in which the amouDt of the 
aorplus of the coosolidated fund, 
auid of the war taxes, had beea 
calculated. . 

The surplus of the consolidated 
fund bad been estimated upon the 
ai^erage produce of the priucipal 
branches of the revenue in the 
last three years, adding thereto so 
much as was necessaryr to com- 
plf^ the estimate of the yearly re- 
ceipt of the permanent duties im- 
posed in the last session. The 
average produce of the customs in 
that period, with the addition he 
}iad mentioned, was 5,106,0001.^ 
«f the excise 18,188,0001.; of 
the assessed taxes 5,999,0001. 
ei the stamps 5,191,0001. ; and of 
the post oflSce 1,240,0001. To 
^ese principal branches of revenue 
ivere to be added other funds of 
a less considerable, but generally 
of a less fluctuating nature. Of 
these the principal was the land tax 
Temsiniog nnredeemed, amount- 
ing to 1,035.0001.; there were 
also the doty on pensions and per- 
•sonal estates, which would pro- 
duce l4l,O00l. ; the surplus of 
.exchequer fees about 60,000l. ; 
ihe crown lands about 50,0001. ; 
:and some other small branches of 
revenue, producing together about 
246,(XkA, ; and making, together 
-with the greater branches of rc- 
•venue before stated, in the whole, 
37,^62,0CX)1. ; to which adding 
-2,706,000l. of war tnxes appro- 
priated to the consolidated fund, 
the total income of that fund 
-would be 39.958^0001.; from 
which deducting the charge as it 
stood previously to the loans of 
the present year amounting to 
34j504|OOOL there would renoain 



a gross surplus of 5,454,000t 
From this was first to be deducted 
tha additional charge created bf 
the loans of the present year^ 
amounting to 1,900,0001.$ but 
agaipst this chaise should be set 
the expected produce of the laxea 
of the present year, which, to the 
5th of April, 1813, might be esti- 
mated at 951,5001., deducting 
which sum, there would remaia 
954,5001. to be deducted from the 
surplus he had stated of 5,454,0001. 
leaving a net surplus of 4,499,5001. 
Before this sum could be applied 
to the service of the year, the sum 
of 927,0001. which still remained 
due upon the gfant of the pre- 
ceding year, must however be 
made good. The remainder which 
would l>e applicable to the scr-f 
vice of the present year, would 
therefore be 3,572,5001.. He 
should accordingly propose a vote 
of 3,600,0001. as being the nearest 
jound number. 

He was aware that It might 
probably be thought unfair to e:>t>- 
mate the produce of the revenue 
for the present year, upon the 
average of the three last, as it 
might be stated that the revenue 
was gradually declining. This, 
however, upon an examination of 
the accounts, would not appear 
to be the fact. The total produce 
of all the duties in the quarter 
ending the 5th of July, 1811, fell 
con^iiderably short, even to' the 
amount of 760.OOOI. of the quartet 
ending the 5th of July, 1810. 
The quarter .ending the 10th of 
October, 1811, fell short, by 
46g,000\, of the corresponding 
quarter in 1810; but the quarter 
ending the 5th o£ January, 1812, 
exceeded the quarter ending the 
5th of January, 181 1, by 31,0001 ; 
and the quarter ending the 5th 
[H2]. ^ 



1003 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



of April, 1812, exceeded the cor- 
rOfponding quarter in 1811, by no 
less than 403,0001. a sum much 
surpassing any increase which the 
ifew duties could have occasioned 
in that quarter, and which suffi- 
ciently proved that the revenue 
was, u()on the whole, in an im- 
proving state. 

He had formed the estimate 
of the war ta\es, in a similar 
manner, upon ihc avfr^gc of the 
three yC'jrs, ending the 5th of 
April, 1812. The war duties of 
CUBloms anil excse araounted, up- 
on such an average, to g 502,g65\, 
to which were to be added 38,6()Ol. 
foT the further expected produce 
oT the duties imp 'sed in the last 
year, and 500,u00l. which re- 
m ined due from the £?)^t India 
Oimpany, on account of tea 
duties, making, in the whole, 
of custom and excise duties, 
10,041,565). Of ihe property tax 
then ren>ained due on the 5th of 
Apnl, 1312. on the assessments of 
preceding y«»ars 8.515.0001. to 
vhich was to be ^dded the esti 
mated assessment of the present 
year, which, supposing it to be 
€qual to the assessment of the last 
year, would be 12,200,0001. 
tn iking together 20,715,0001. 
From this was to be deducted 
the sum still remaining due to 
make good the ^rtint on the war 
taxes for IM I , being 7,(>60,Ot)Ol. ; 
which would leave, f r the service 
«f the prr^ent >ear, 13,055,0001. 
and a^'ding that som to the 
-amount of customs and excise, 
th^^re uoold be a total of war 
taxes of 23.09<l)AX)l. From this 
was t(* be taken 2,706,0001. ap- 
propriaied to the charge of various 
loans, which would leave for ibe 
ways and means o( the present 
j'ca'f,- 20,390^0001. a sum ap- 



proaching very nearly to tbat'of 
20,400,0001. which be propoasd 
to vote. 

It now remained that fae sbcvdd 
explain the conditions of the loaa 
which had been contracted* ^ml 
he had to regret that the pneaeait 
situation of the country did not 
enable him to congratulate die 
House on so advantageous a bar« 
gain as some which had of late 
years been stated to thero. The 
sum raised on account of Great- 
Britain by the loan concluded the 
preceding day, was 15,650,00CL 
The capital created on account of 
this sum was 27.544,0001. 3 per 
cent, stock. The amount of in- 
terest 826,3201. and of sinkiiig 
fund and management 283,dOGL 
making in all achai^eofl,! 10,02Si 
The rate of interest to the snW 
scribers would be 5l. 5s. 7d. per 
Cent, and the total charge to the 
public 7I is. lO^d. This migfat 
appear a high rate of interest, bol 
it should be remembered tha^ 
including the former loan in the 
51. per cents, and the eacheqvicr 
bills funded, the sum borrowed ii 
the present year had rarely been 
equalled, arid he believed so large 
a sum had never been raised «b 
better terms in any other period of 
war. Indeed he feared that the 
contractors for the loan had 
reason to complain of having 
hardly dealt by than the pobfie. 
He should feel happy if the bar* 
gain should hereafter prove mora 
profitable to them than it Jnd 
hitherto promised. Such an inft^ 
provement of the public crecSt 
would be hailed with the greater 
satisfaction by bis Majesty *8 no* 
nisters. 

He must now revert to the 
former loan, and the funding 0f 
exchequer bills ; the terms of 

"Which 




I 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[101 



ring been explained at 
season by his prede- 
sbould only recapitulate 
jw of pointing uut the 
charge for \^hic!i it 
his duty to provide. 
iqner bills funded and 
cent. \onn, amounted 
I 12,221,326). making 
ent. stock, a capital of 
1. the interest of which 
51I. and the sinking 
)yO\. making together 
barge for manage mc*nt 
The rate of interest 
01 was 5\. 8s. and the 
5 6\. lOs 2Jd. per cent. 
to the public, on the 
lejr transactions of the 
If as they respected the 
t, was 61. l6s. gd. per 
the total amount to 
I for I,y05,g24\. 
came to a most impor- 
Ttainly the most painful 
iuty ; that of proposing 
lich so large a sum was 
yed. It was the more 
to him, as he had felt 
f, in this part of the 
It, to make a coo^idera- 
Qn from the plan of his 
. Such a task atforded 
rdon of difficulties and 
ices, and he could, at 
Mpe that he had select- 
were leaat objectiona- 

: article he bad to pro- 
ndeed one which ap- 
■m liable to very little 
fbr it was in fact a tax 
lid &U upon nobody, 
I Gentlemen might 
If it wai in other re- 
^eerioiiable, he trusted it 
2^ ceosured on that 
BK.pmpoutioD was to 



discontrnue the bounty on the 
exportation of printed goods Thi« 
bounty had grown from a ^mall 
charge to a very large one, 
^mounting upon an averag' of the 
last three years, to trie sum of 
303,0001. a ciicumstTiue in one 
respect highly >a«isf»cto'y, as it 
shewed the great increase which 
had taken place in the exjwrtation 
of those goods, bur whicn alsQ 
shewed at once that the nrcessity 
of granting a bounty to encourage 
this t'xportation had ce^sedi and 
that a considerable resource might 
be derived from its suppression. 
The printed goods in question, 
from the improvement of the ma- 
nufactures and the extensive U6e 
of machinery, could now be af- 
forded much cheaper without the 
bounty, than they used tbrmerly to 
be, even with its assistance. 

The present state of the world 
with respect to commerce was pe- 
culiarly favourable to the discon- 
tinuance of the bounty system. 
Wherever British manutartures 
were permit tod to enter, their su- 
periority was universally acknow- 
ledged ; where thev did not find 
their way, it was not on account 
of their dearness or iu^rtor qua- 
lity, but because they were ex- 
cluded by rigorous prohibitions. 
Whenever these iiiight erase, the 
country might attain expect to 
see the Kritish manufsicturei 
spreading themselves over the 
continent without the assistance 
of bounties. That whith it was 
now proposed to discontinue, 
amounted to no more than one 
halfpenny a yard on printed goods 
of thr lowfst qualii}, and three 
halfpence a yard on the highest; 
an amrmnt much within the ordi- 
nary fluctuations of price from 

accidental 




tv*';:-.-, i..cl;. !■.•«• tlui.-! • i'-.'!. i:i 
t\\v r:.- : : . ; i \:!-, l.t. i. .  . ". t-t : 

?;»■■ 1 •.,• 

'1 Ir.K' il :^* V. ::i^ Ii i..- h...i f., , 

p; i',>'^c' I c l:"lt t!iar it nii^ht \^ • 

reasoiiiiUiy c»!jji-cied t!:rit it v. oulfl, 

in a cfM!.:ii) degree, .ntfcct t!ie [ 

comfort*? of the poorj I'lC lnji*ci, i 

however, thir bnrucri wuiiM lu* iis 1. 

smiil] as coiiid be rxpc<:t<d fVr.iu ti 

a tax pnidiiring a coii>idern!>!<' in- ti 

cr<.M-p of reviniir. 'Jin artai' to \\. 

which I'.e alliitud *^a> th.it {;i o 

tai.n'd hides R\n\ skins. 'Ih.ii ii cc 

wOwdJ, in fome :!egii'C, I'all iii ihe in 

poor, liy wftlcins; the ucrcs-.iry in. 

artirlfc of ilieir ?:hots l:i' had aliv.i- tio 

dy admit tfd, but in ••{her rc^pi-cts Ic- 

it af)ju-.'irrd to him a very fit \vl 

objf rt of tRxn''u>n. Jo the k-ng as 

list of our ta::cs it was : hn(Ht the vm 

only one on wliich no ;iddiii<>n;)l sm 

duty ha«l bfcn laid fir a gnat coi 

rumber ot ye.'irs. The. prcvnt the 

duties hjd bet n impo cd mo long vid 

ago as the years IJCK). and 1/1 1, fm 

and vvhtn he now pr(^pf)std, after dn 

fhr lap-e oi a wh^le. e iitnry, to p'l 

double till m, he cuUni :!u: o.-nsiicr Th 
himself r.s liviiicr iir..... •»- 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[10« 



i, yet of laxunoas rather 

than necessary use, and one which 

a^srded the best criterion of its 

ability to bear an addhional x^x, 

nacn^y, that the coosumption of it 

vrent on progressively increasing 

under the present duties. He did 

not see any reason to believe that 

this proposed addition would either 

diminish the consunapfion or roa* 

terially increase the fiauds upon 

this article; and estimating the 

produce on an average similar to 

those of the former articles, he 

should lake it at 107,0001. 

His next proposition would be 
not for a tax abiolutely new, but 
Iqr a certain regulation of the duty 
on property sold by auction. It 
-was well known to the committee 
that estates. or other kinds of pro- 
perty were frequently put up to^ 
laction, not for the purpose of a 
£ur sale» but of ascertaining their 
value with a view to a private 
Iwrgain. They were then bought 
in, by which the doty was avoid- 
ed ; and afterwards disposed of by 
private contract, at a price founded 
i|pon the biddings- which had 
taken place. It was his wish^ as 
it certainly had been the intention 
of the legislature, that all persons 
who -obtained the benefit of the 
oonapetition arising in a public 
81^, should be subject to the 
(Sbarge which had been imposed 
upon that advantage. It was, 
therefore, bis intention to propose 
. that property put up to auction 
should be charged with the duty, 
whether actually sold or bought 
in ; but thnt, in case it should ap- 
pear, at the end of twelve months, 
to continue to belong to its origi- 
ml owner, the duty should be 
rsp^kl. In property of large 
asDOUDt it might. indeed be reason- 



able that the owner should, instead, 
of paying down the duty in the 
first instance, be permitted to give- 
security for it, and regulations to. 
this effect might be introduced in 
the bill. It was also well known, 
that many articles, particularly im-. 
ported merchandize, wereexemptf 
ed from the duty, although sold by. 
public auction. He understood h 
was a common practice to mingle, 
in sales such privileged goods with 
those which were not privileged; 
by which means frauds on the re- 
venue were frequently practised. 
He should therefore propose that 
when any goods liable to duty, 
were introduced into a sale of 
goods which were exempted from 
it, the whole should be immediate- 
ly ^rendered chargeable with the 
duty. The committee were aware 
that, from the nature of the case^ 
nothing like an accurate esiimfite 
could be formed of the produce oi 
these regulations. On a due -con- 
sideration of all the circumstancea 
of the case, Mr. Perceval had 
thought that it would not be over- 
stated at 100,0001. and he (the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer) saw 
no r5;iS(>ij to form a different 
opinion. 

The articles which he had hi* 
therto enumerated, except the 
bounty on printrd goods, were 
all duties of excise. The next 
branch of the revenue to which 
he shc^uld resort, whs one which he 
should have been glad to avoid, if 
the largeness of the total sum to 
be mtsed' hnd not rendered it ne- 
cessary to d it! use the burden as 
extensively as j-ossible. It was on 
Ihfe postage of letters.— He should 
recommend an addition of a penny 
on every single letter carrie<l more 
than twenty miles, whether from 

the 



104] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



the metropolis or the provincial 
post offices. He certaioly regret- 
ted the necessity of iDcreasing this 
tflx, which operated as a consider- 
able charge on commercial corre- 
spondence i yet, when he consider- 
ed the satisfection and convenience 
derived from the establishment of 
the post-office^ and the progressive 
increase of correspondence t hroagh • 
out the country, he really believed 
that he could suggest no duty 
which, on the whole, would be 
paid with less reluctance. This 
proposed increase might be esti- 
ttiated, according to the present 
extent of correspondence, at 
320,0001. 

All the articles which he had 
hitherto submitted to the consider- 
ation of the committee, were such 
as had* been selected by his late 
right hon. friend, and would have 
formed part of the plan which he 
would have proposed to parlia- 
ment. The remainder of the 
budget would, according to his 
intention, have been supplied by a 
taK on private brewing. The 
committee would recollect that, in 
the year 1806, when a noble lord, 
now a member of the other Aouse 
(the Marquis of Lansdowne) held 
the office which he bad now the 
honour to 611^ that noble lord had 
suggested a similar tax, which was 
strongly opposed, principally on 
the ground of iis bringing private 
families under . the jurisdiction of 
the excise 5 an objection, the full 
force of which he should have ad- 
mitted, if the means had not been 
afforded of avoiding that jurisdic- 
tion by an easy commutation, upon 
the principle of the assessed taxes. 
The plan of his late right hon. 
frirnd was, indeed, free from the 
objection which he had stated, as 



it had no refetehos to tho 
but proceeded upon thepriaciple 
of a rate, according to the iMinibcr 
of pach iamWy ; to the propoaitiQii 
so modified, he (the chanrcilor of 
the £xcheqaer) still, huwiorer, 
thought he saw an iosupetable €>b- 
jectioo. In the hrst place* Its bai 
reason to believe that the prodooe 
of the intended doty, taken at ifae 
rate of Aye shillings a head, 
he understood to be the 
assessment, had been greatly 
calculated, and that, instaad of 
500,00Cd. which was the tcmi re- 
quired, it would only prodoce 
230,0001. or at the moat SCOfiOSk 
But he felt a still stronger obfe^^ 
tion to tiie tax in its unequal ope- 
ration on the poorer clasaee. A 
poor man would only htcm the 
exact quantity required for the 
consumption of hb family^ cak»» 
lated upon the most frugal lato; 
while a rieh man would provMt 
for the entertainmeaii of 
visitors, and for the naich 
liberal consumption of hb 
bold. The conseqneoce, tkef»- 
fore, would be, that the laxt be* 
ing taken at an equal rate spoe 
each person in th« famihr, cha 
poor man would pay upon each 
barrel of a much inferior liqoorj a 
higher rate of duty than tfae 
rich would be charged wiib^ fe 
the beat which cookl be pie« 
pared. 

Upon the whole, therefne, he 
had judged it advisabfe to abancbo 
this tax, and to propose a noodeiaiQ 
addition on the scale of severed of 
the assessed taxes. He knew 
that a proposition for the fDCfeaia 
of the assessed taxes could not fuH 
to excite some alarm; but that 
branch of the revenue cotofva. 
bended duties of very dtflaraat 

kinds. 



I 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[105 



kiflds. The duties upon houses 
tod windowsy in particular, he 
con^'dered as the most burden- 
mats to which the country was 
eiposed, and to those duties he 
pnpoed to add nothing. But 
ibere were others which bad an 
flperatinn similar to that of sump- 
lony laws, and which, arising out 
cf a roluntnry cxpend'turc, might 
admit of a reasonable increase, 
Without much objection. — In this 
din be included the duties on 
men-servantA, carriages, horses, 
dogs, and ihc sports of the field; 
and these would be the objects of 
kb intended increase of duties. 
Ai the proposed s:ale would in a 
few days be printed and in every 
gBitleman*8 bands, he should not 
take up the time of the commit- 
tK by a minufe detail ; but point 
SDt the leadins: article in each 
cbssi by which a judgment might 
be formed. The existing duty 
QD a person keeping one male 
Knant was 21. 4!i. He proposed 
to add four shillingi, making the 
doty ?]. 8s. On occasional gnr- 
deoers he should propose a similar 
^7 of four shillings. Mercantile 
>fQits or riders to commercial 
Mosrs now pay ll. 8s. He pro- 
posed that they should pay 21. 
^ stewards and overseers, who 
^ bitb)eno escaped notice, he 
''^d propo^^e a similar rate of 
21. P6rter« employed by persons 
2 trade now paid a duty of ll. 48. 
^ proposed that they should pay 
^•fliid that the same rate sliould take 
^l^ce with respect to stage coach- 
^ ij and other drivers of car- 
eicept domestic servants 



' ^v thoife engaged in husbandry. 
^^ occa d onal waiters, whether 
£^ployed at taverns or at private 
I, be should propose a duty 



of ll. and this would remove a 
difiiculry which he knew existed 
in the minds of many persons with 
respect to the propriety of includ- 
ing individuals of the last class, 
who perhaps had been only em- 
ployed for a small number of 
days in the year, as servants in 
their general returns to the tax 
office. 

He should however propose that 
this duty should not attach on any 
attendant hired Ir-bs than six times 
in the year, to avoid too great a 
prcR«iure upon any occtsional ex- 
traordinary hospitality. — Servants 
employed principally in agricul- 
ture, but sometimes for domestic 
purposes, now paid a duty of six 
shillings. He proposed that, like 
the occasional gardeners, they 
should pay four more. The whole 
nmount of the increased duties on 
male servants he calculated at 
155.0001. 

He would proceed to the con- 
sideration of the duty on carriages. 
A single four-wheeled carriage now 
paid 111. 5s. He proposed that 
it should pay 12l. and so in propor- 
tion to the present progressive 
scale, for a larger number. The 
produce of this increase, and of 
a proportionate increase on two- 
wheeled carriages would be39iOOOl. 
— Horses kept for pleasure now 
paid a duly of 2l. 13s. CM. He 
propo^d an addition of 4s. making 
a duty of 21. l/s. 6d. 

He was next bound to state that 
he deemed it necessary to increase 
the duty upon horses employed 
in hCiobandry by 3 s. 6d. each 
horse, and though he was aware 
that many objections were enter- 
tained to the principle of the fax, 
he thought the proposed additional 
rate could hirdly be complained 

of. 



108] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



Irish members, who made varw 
ous observations oii the subject. 
The several resolutions of the 
ChiiDcellor of the Exchequer were 
then put, and agreed to. 

IrtsA Budget, Mr. Wcllesley 
Pole said, that he rose for the pur- 
pose of calling the attention of the 
committee to the Ways and Means 
€f Ireland, which he would en- 
deavour to do as shortly as possible 
It that late hour. In the first in- 
Atance the supply was, 1,794,0001. 
being the contribution of 1811, 
there was due of the quota of 
1812, 7,6i 1,0001. Irish currency, 
add the interest oh the debt of 
Ireland, up to the 5tb of last Janu* 
try, was 4,490\000l. making a 
toUl of 13,902,0001. He should 
propose to meet tills, in the first 
instance, the surplus of the 
consolidated fund, amounting to 
2,775,0001. He next proposed to 
lake the revenue of the current 
year, which he took at 4,300,0001 
The net revenue of the last year 
4,170,0001. The repeal of the 
bounty on retail spirits 40,0' Ol. 
The regulation of tobacco duties 
See. 417,0001. Thepprofit on the 
lottery he calculatea at 150,0001. 
the payment of seaitien*s wages 
150,0001.— The loati 1,500,0001. 
and 50,000l. by treasury bills, 
nuking 2,000.0001, ; and a total 
of 13,982,0001. being an exceed- 
ing of 82,0001. It was now ne- 
cessary for him to state the mode 
of providing for the interest of 
the loans and the sinking fund, 
which amounted to 449,0001. The 
loan bad been raised by 5 p«-r cent, 
treasury bills, and the manner of 
providing for it was by a tax, 
which had been rather ludicrously 
alluded to by an hon. gentleman*— 
he oaeant by a tax on spirits, which 



he trusted would be finmd by itt 
produce to cover the loan He 
would state to the committee the 
grounds on which thia tax woutd 
cover every thing. It would be 
recollected that a tax had been le- 
vied on Irish spirits, amputitiug to 
2s. 6d. a gallon, which, being doo- 
bled. now produced 5s. British 00 
the gallon. The coosuraption of 
spirits in Ireland, for Che year end- 
ing on the 5tb January, 1812, had 
been 655 ,000 gallons; the quan* 
tity exported 792,000 gallona. The 
consumption had been diminished 
one fifth by the operation of the 
duty, leaving 461,000 gallons, 
which, at the rate of 5$. ^. Iriab 
currency, produced 1,24&,0001» 
being 260,0001. most than last 
year. He was aware that it migbt 
be ^aid, that this statement would 
not hold good, as distillation was 
stopped in Ireland ; but the com- 
mittee would recollect, that, pievi* 
ous to the levying of the dfoltj^ 
another mrasure had been bka 
to prevent the exportation of wf^ 
rits, by which a considerable ^ock 
remained on hand, the dutj ca 
which according to the best infior- 
mation he could j)rocure, wookl 
amount to 270,0001.; so that them 
was* actually 2/0,0001. of cbtt 
449,0001. Taking then the stodc 
in hand at the above sum, he hail 
to state, the hope of increase ftaok 
the power granted by the act to 
the Irish government, to opea tba 
distilleries on the Istof No?eiBb«^ 
in the event of a good hanBCi|t| 
and according to the best iofonpc* 
tion, tliere never was a more aboo* 
daot promise; so that it nam 
almost certain that the distiBeckt 
would be opened at the time cot* 
templated in the act« nanaely, |&^ 
1st of November. Havinfl: 



GENERAL HISTORY. [109 

<faas nradiy be was not incKoed ny thcf had not done their dotj. 

to add any more, but was prepared The revenne a[ Ireland had been 

tb answer any question put to him. increased in the last year. In 

He» however, could not sit down 1811, the customs were collected 

wkhont oiaimtng permission to of- at 25l. 4s. 4 d. and in the present 

ler a few observations on what had year at 201. 18s. The revenue of 

lalleD Mm the right hon. baronet, the post office was collected at2lL 

and his hon. friend He denied per cent He was sorry to say 
that because the revenue had not« they were collected at a greater 

covered all the debts since the rate than he wished $ but tbi* 

Union, that it necessarily fiUowed country paid nearly the same;, 

that d^rder and corruption pre- Some irregularities had taken placo 

vailed through the whole system, with a distiller in Limerick, and 

He would be glad on all tbcse oc* four revenue officers there were 

oatioos, to come to close quarters dismissed from their situations^ 

witli the right hon. baronet, when Some improper transactions took 

be had no doubt of being able to place in the stamp-office, whiek 

relute those vague and general at- caused eleven of the persons in 

tacks, wlitch be so frequently in- situations to be discharged. It 

dulged in. The taxes which had was the Intention of the Irish go« 

failed did to from unavoidabk vemment to consolidate the stamp* 

causes, which ought to be gone office.^-There was not the same 

faiHy into; but the right hon. fecility in collecting taxes as in 

baronet every session was prepared England. l*hey ought not to tax 

with a string of accusations, which Ireland as this country^-she was 

be tbiew out against his right hon. shooting, and, if not oppressed, 

Iriend (Mr. Eotfter) during bis ab- would come to maturity, and be 

aonce. able to bear all the burthens in 

Sir John Newport lose to repel proportion with her sister isle. Any 
tke charge in the most direct and person who proposed that an in- 
positive terms. He had frequently come tax should be laid on in Ire- 
made those observations, which he land, must either not know any 
felt it his duty to make, in the thing of that country or be a ma- 
presence of the right hon. c^entle- niac. He concluded with moving, 
man, and would not suffer iiimself " That towards raising the supply 
to be vilified. to be granted to his Majesty, a 

Mr. Pole said, that he only sum, not exceeding ^00,0001. be 
meant to observe that it had been granted to be raised in the issue of 
the constant practice of the right treamry bills.** 
hon. baronet to reiterate those The Resolutions were then 
charges >vhich had been already agreed to, and the report was 
di^ded on, while he overlooked ordered to be received to-morrow, 
the improvements which had bc-n Of the taxes proponed by Mr. 
made. There was not any branch Vansittart, that principally op- 
of the revenue that had not been posed in parliament was the ad- 
inquired into, and probed to the ditional duty on leather. When 
quick. It was maligning the offi- the motion was made, June 26th, 
ccrs of the Irish government to for bringing up the report of tho 

excise 



JIO] ANNUAL REGISTER, 181*. 



excise dat7, Mr. Broogfaani rote 
to state bis objections not to the 
anoount, but to the nature, of 
this tax. .He shewed, by calcu- 
lation io what d^ree it would 
press upon husbaodiy, and upon 
the lower classes in society, who, 
by their greater consumpt'ton of 
Irather for shoes than persons 
•in the superior ranks, would have 
to bear the chief burden of this 
trapost. 

Lord Althorpe spoke to the 
tame purpose, and moved, as an 
amendment, " that the bill be 
taken into coDsideration on this 
day six months.*' 

Sir Thoma«i Turton said that 
be had been instructed by the tan- 
ners in the Borough to shew how 
•tverely this tax woufd afiect 
them. Thry had now a stock of 
18 months upon hand, and would 
be undersold hy the Irish tan- 
ners, who paid c^o duty. 

After other members had de- 
dared their objections to the tax, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer 
rose to defend it. He said that 
no increase of duty had taken 
place on the article in question 
for 101 years, during which al- 
most every other article of -use 
and luxury had undergone a gra- 
dual increase of taxation. He then 
proceeded to reply to the parti- 
cular objections which had been 
advanced, and pointed out mis- 
takes in the calculations on which 
they were founded. He 'ended 
with affirming that he was not 
one of those who conairred in 
Ibe soundness of the principle. 



that the rich alone sbooM be sni^ 
jects of taxation : as the ridi 
and poor have a common io i c ru t 
in the country, a common system 
of taxation should, if posaiUe* be 
applied to both. 

On the divisicm for (iringii^ 
up the repoct, there appeared 
^Ayes, 66; Noe8> 40: nnjodtj, 
26. 

A division took place on the 
t^ird reading of the lulJ, in 
which the leather dause was caE» 
ried only by the majority of 8^ 
the votes being, for the deoae 
86 ', against it 78. The bill tben 
passed the Commons. 

When introduced to the Hooie 
of Lords, the tax on leather ea- 
countered an opposition an simi* 
lar grounds as those maintained 
in the other house ; and wa^ de^ 
fended ou the same principlea* 
Earl Spencer having moved, as an 
amendment to the t>ill, the omil- 
ting the clause relativ'e to tbat «r« 
tide, a division took place in whick 
the amendment was rejected bj 
32 against 12. 

The only other debate oa tir 
taxes occurred on the order for the 
third reading o£ the assessed taxot 
bill in the House of Commons, 
June 30th. The clause impoaiag 
an additional duty on horsea cfla* 
ployed in agriculture was opposed 
by Mr. We&terne, who moved its 
omission. It was also objected Id 
by other speakers, as. injurious to 
husbandry, and oppresaive to the 
lower class of farmers. On dM* 
sion, it was however carried \if'6 
votes agaiust 4a. 



CHAFTE* 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[Ill 



CHAPTER XII. 

fakins respeethg ihe rencical tf the East Tmlij Comfi/ny» Charier- 
Bill for the Presi:rvuti(i}t of the PuNic Peucc, 



AMONG the cffrcts of tlic 
oomnrK^rcial cmbarrasiiments 
prerailing through su large a p:irt 
of the kingdom, was that of ex- 
citing an extraordinnry interest in 
tlie approaching es^piraiiun (in 
M1JJ8I4) of the India couipany^s 
lait charter. All the out port«, 
debarred from a participation in the 
Kilt India trade, and many nf (he 
inaDu^curino districts which Cdn- 
onved that new sources of deinaiid 
Ibr their commodities would be 
opened by a fi ee cxportauon to titc 
▼vt countries included in the 
compiDy*s monopoly, concurred in 
tbe resolution of urging, on the 
pRKnt occasion, what they re- 
^vded as the just claims of all 
"citiieos to share in the public ad- 
'Vintages; whilst the company it- 
'^'elf, and those bodies whicii were 
Connected with it by a common 
•interest, prepared to take measures 
^nst the menaced attack. 

This matter was brought into 

Moe in the House of Commons 

•P early as February 6, when 

'foil Mr. Wullace*s motion for n 

''kct committee to inquire into 

^ present state of the affairs of 

^ East India company, Mr. 

^^"^evey objected to it on the 

pounds of the incompetence of 

^^h a committee to furnibh the 

•flBquiiit^ ioformation, and pro- 

1J**«d in its stead a commirtee of 

"^^ vbole bouse eu tbe subject In 



the debate wliich ensued, General 
Gjscovne airirmnl that the mer- 
cl)ant<i of Liverpool cxiXTted that 
» great alteration w.iuld be made 
in the? arrangrmrnt of the carrying 
trade to and from Iiulia, that all 
out-ports were violently agitated 
on this point, and would probably 
mnkcMpplicaiionseiiher to govert)- 
inrnt or to parliament, and he 
h(iped they would not br. precluded 
by agreements between ministrri 
and the East India company. (3n 
the Slime day a petition was de- 
livered to the h^n■l^L• f.oni the mer- 
chants and iradrrs of Greenock, 
praying for the removal of the re- 
straints on na\ illation within the 
exclusive piivilcges of the East 
India and South-s'ea companies. 

In the House of Lrirds, the 
approaching cxpiraiicn of the East 
India company's charter being 
mentioned, March '2J, by Ix>rd 
Grey, wlio exi)rcs/icd his surprize 
that no document on the subject 
had as yet been laid upon their 
tabic. Lord Melville Mlatcd, that 
a discusaiun was going on bttMCcn 
the court of dircctois and govern- 
ment, which he bHicved would 
be produced soon after tie recess. 

The port of Livcrpti-I, the 
second in the k'ni'd^ini vviih rcsp'^ct 
to commercial ini'xiiante, wa-* not 
bnckward in takln : it?> pan in this 
great qurs^ioo. ih\ ^I:^rch 23, 
Gsiicral 'i arlclon i'reiei:t'j I to the 

lluiie 



i!2i .^N^;^A!. in-.-nsTKR, is 12. 



1 J • /U .-c ' . f C'or/j ; n o :n n ; ^ } i t i p r ; -ni 
vi-TfM'oi, a-i! .;.-«' ::;.t iimii \hr. 



mayor ;ii..l o'•.;;^^. ■":'.•.;::. <\.!i:r:.:.'j; 
3s a o-niiiK'H r.r-'.i i:i!i( •% ..i ii«,I»t t-i 

r.f r.irr. ;:vT c:i a iVcr t.riiic ;(> a!l 
p.iit-^ c t' the Ijriii-ii e!:i'/in% .iid 
CfUi'trit.-. i:i aiiiily witii 11 : .1:. i 
j:r«.i'. -^inj. jv.insi *hf. nu-ii'-; '-y di" 
ihr K.-*! I::V'i comnanv. as v.) 
l<)!i.-:M n*cf-iiry, but, on tl:c uii.- 
ti.Tiy, hi i.ly !>:« jv'.iiic'al to tiif ;;•■- 
nri al iiiu-p .'Js r f thr rinf ion. A:i.- - 
ilicr |)f-ii!'::i wa*. pri.-?ii:' d f'u:;i 
tilt* tir.Nt^c'' (t t!ir l.ivrrpooi Ho;k«, 
^t..iiii;i 1!. A in llur f\tv:i«.ive woiJxJi 
Uiidrrtiki'ii by ti}*ni f<»r t!i.; ar.v..>5- 
iiioilation < 1 >j'ip['in<r, tlvy had in 
vi"\v the \nbt arc<. >si(.n of trrdc 
vvlrrh wonli r*r«.nli tnmi alloAintj 
a fre commerce \wil» the Ea^t 
ln'!ifs. 

From this limr. |v.rtitirns con- 
t.nii'd to Ik- sen! to paTliamor»l, 
duriijii th«: whnle ^c^wion. Ir. m 
c\cry M';jport anil co.nmcrrini and 
iiinhnl;:(iii'in-^ luv^n oi the least 
r'')n''.''']ncM c- in K Lja'«d and Sc .t- 
Jand, a.; iij'*! fhr n n< wal ot tlir 
nu)\.tjy.it'.\ f'l' \hv K.i^t hi-Ji^ coni- 
j,.:nv,- ••:l>.(.r'i t)vallthoan;ii:nifnts, 
«.• niial :.p'. ! -'xa!, il.nt "ucnrRil to 
lij." p. 'III'..-.; :•» 'lliry \v.e n\cx, 
1'. 1 1.:- 1>«- , : •cf. by a jiciiti* n f'r- m 
li •■ «. in: ;!i:v it^c!J. /^*\ti viUt- 
«"n.i ti i!N «;::t!iiit • \i '.vw ••, a.d fu 
its p». -: ».: '.'■. :.,ii:t. .iv- , i. -.1al». , 
** 'l!:at :hr- • • li. • r- »5./l;i?vt: tlu'l 
1: i*; ::''1( ii'.^ . ■•• :'.a{ tliC isc1'.:m>c 
= ;.ifi: 4..i:i '• <ii\ \)„ run; i-.:s !va 

•' •.-.. l! I. -.lat- :"• iv.Ki 'i:'.^ to th.'! 

f :i' iw :.■..*. .il'::.)''»h ilicy 'o nut 
I ■..!•••. n-,- . ; 1 . ai «n 'n.-.-niro- 
\-\\\' ::•.', li.ai r.!e;.tjr piilKic 
I ":u I'll A.-i-i ....■• r.i.- f:'"in ;;«. Oi ini^ 
..* ':::'•» f\ in i.-. nics n*. it;»i'.', il an 



V.iin its being any further 
v t ih'? pttitumris do venture 
i 1", Li.;* r(.rjlidcritiy, to as^ji 
h.u^r-, il:.t tlio trade wiih 
Ctiw'ni r-f/i b • op« n.d in any 
V. i i h I :i 8 1 <-x t rcmc dangc-r ; an 
.1 it -I.-v./.d noi l)-" Mvn lit tO' 
I he lonn licv li'*ld by the p:*ti 
i:i til? V. !»ol( iif i!k- fradr 
 !i»»y now ^-njoy wiihuut qu 
i!:.'!, il^.* jKtiiionira arc re 
^•.:bn:it ;o *•.'..•. h regulations 
i::%t. n:.d :ir p...;liament in its a 
I. ill < :i;'i<, u.r tlif conduct 
i.:i.:..t:.t ia! in:('rcnni«»c of 1: 
i « I ', 's 1 Lib i' 1 1 s V. i t h t huScf 
^%!^i'Ii arc V. itiiin ihr « 
i!:..a^ j^rani d to the petiti 
■J Ii'\v i:o:.cIr.d(r vviih prayir 
h\\\v may b«* jcivtu to prt 
pliiii.n I'or bringing in a 
c\»i.lini;luf;" thr pos^es'^lon a 
V. riri.eni. of ihi.' tCTritoiIal 
bit ions in thr East Indies 
pi'tiiionv-rs, :nd for variou: 
pmposis ihcniu recited. 

When ihi'» petition wasde 
April 7, Lord A Haaiilton 
ask the Ch'.ncriior of thr 
qncr s^omc quistiims with 
to certain ponits to vhich . 
snd to have pledged hitrsol: 
la; ion to the conditions to be 
cd by irovernnuMit to the co 
Th'- Chancellor declined z 
reply, but adinitt d that 
ihr.'.v^hi it propc to comni 
to tin! direcor* ihr bcarint 
nind on certain propositit 
»«»|\ed in the question, 
ho.viVd. wo'.dd not at all 
the pr«-cefding!^ of parliair 
lh«^ subjs ct 

1 he t-ti.er petitions nlhid* 
favour ci' the cnmpanv cm 
ptT^ohx (.npawetl in trane^ 
p'o\ O'f ",?•, liependinc; upi 
pvc.fi.* mode of conducti 



GENERAL HISTORY. [ni 



East Indian commerce^ and mostly 
iiesident in London. There were, 
indeed, two petitions from country 
inantifa«lurcrs, namely, from the 
Gloucestershire clothiers, and the 
tnanu&cturers of long ells in the 
counties of Cornwall, Devon, and 
Somerset. The corporation of 
Tjondon, in common council assem- 
bled, also, ** solemnly disclaiming 
arH selfish considerations and narrow 
Jealousies," petitioned for a con- 
tinuance of the connection already 
existing between the East India 
trade and the port of London, and 
that the house would *' adopt such 
measures as to their wisdom shall 
seem meet, to prevent the exten- 
sion of the said trade to the out- 
JfottS, 01* other cities and towns of 
tlic United Kingdom.** 

The great mass of these proceed- 
ings, and the pressure of other 
business, prevented the subject of 
the Kast India charter from being 
brought utider the discussion of 
pfeirliament before the close of the 
stoi6n. 

The disturbances consequent 
ilpon the numbers of workmen 
thrown out of employ by the dimi- 
nished demand for the manufac- 
tures of the country, after having 
been for some time confined to the 
hoshn'y districts, gradunlly extend- 
ed to the neighbouring counties, 
where they assumed a character 
•fill more alarming, and engaged 
the serious attention of government. 
Thar scat waslhat large and very 
popul^ms district comprising those 
parts of Lancashire and the adjacent 
tracts of Cheshire which are occu- 
pied by the cotton-manufiicturers, 
•Ad the clothing part of the West 
BSdin^ of Yorkshire. The dis- 
position to tomUt in t&b quarter 

Vot.LlV. 



disclosed itself about the end of 
February, and prevailed with 
greater or less violence till thd 
middle of summer. During- ihi« 
period a great number of acts of 
lawless outrage were perpetrated; 
in the destruction of property, par- 
ticularly of the machinery and im*^ 
pleraents used in the manufactures, 
and in attempts against the lives of 
persons attive in the suppression of 
riots. In their progress, the rioters 
appear to have adopted a system of 
organization highly dangerous trf 
the public peace, and which mani- 
fested itself in a ^gree of military 
training, accompanied by thfi 
seizure and concealment of arms^ 
and the administering of an oath of 
secrecy and confederacy. 

On June 27th, the Prince Regfent 
sent a message to each house of 
parliament, informing them, that 
he had given orders that copies of 
the information received relative to* 
certain violent and dangerous pro- 
ceedings carried on in several coun- 
ties of England should be laid be- 
fore them, and relying on the 
wisdom of parliament to take pro- 
per measures for the restoration of 
order and tranquillity. 

Viscount Sidmouth, now secre- 
tary of state for the home depart- 
ment, rose in the House of Lords 
on the 29th, to n)ove an address to 
the Regeiit on the occasion, ex- 
pressing their thanhs for the com- 
munication, and declaring their 
resolution to take into consideratioa 
the documents laid before them, 
and to concur in the necessary mea- 
sures. He said he should after- 
wards propose to refer the papers to 
a committee of secrecy, and there- 
fore w^ould • not anticipate what 
might be thought necessary by 

LI] that 



114] ANNUA'L REGISTEcBi 1812. 

tbat committee. He thenf ave some proposed p<»wen to b^ ^Wwdrt bf 

reasons why bis Majesty's minUters a bUl which he shoold a$k leavo to 

had resorted to the step of laying bring inland the duratioo of'V^'liidi 

the affair before parliament; and he would limit to thc.sbortcit.pc- 

concluded by moving an address riod at which parliameot CQ^ld hs 

of the tenor above mentioned. assembled to act as drcoi 



Earl Stanhope said he had no might require. There were thfoe 
objection to the words of the ad- points to which he thought 



dress, but wished there had been a tion ought particularly to te di- 
further explanation of tlie measures rected: .- 1st. To XDaJLm 



intended, which were left vague efTectual provision to fce^ the 

and ambiguous ; and he proposed riotecs from poasessii^ tb^msolws 

adding the words *' not violating of arms. 2. To suard against die 

the principles of the constitution.*' efiect of tumultuary loeelii^ 

The Earl of Liverpool contend- 3. To give more efiectoal p^ma 

ed that the addition was wholly and mor^ extensive juFisdictioo t0 

unnecessary; ana after some fur- the magistrates of the distmtxd 

ther conversation it was rejected districts. As to the firsts re^MCt- 

without a division^ and the addr^s ing arms, the law at preseiit re* 

was agreed to. quired that a deposition should be 

Lord Sidmoutb then proposed made on oath that anns weoae de- 

that a secret committee should be posited in a certain place. Tiafcii 

appointed consisting of eleven lords search could be made. He:WooW 

to be chosen by ballot, which was propose the alteration of giving tp 

also agreed to. any magistrate of the diaturM 

In the House of Comnoons, on districts the power of m^arobifigi 

the same day. Lord Castlereagh and of authorising his o^i^e^-Jlf 

moved a similar address to the his warrant to search^ t?9t fH^y fir 



Segent, and the appointment of a stolen, but for secivlfs^.ar^ai n^l 

committee of secrecy of 21 mem- also of calling on the inh^|tap|p m 

l^rs chosen by ballot, both of surrender their arms, r^mptsbeifig 

which motions were carried. given for the same. At iJbe same 

The report of the secret com- time he wished to make a pm^islea 

ibit tee was laid before the House for suffering those tp ret^yi t)yy 

of Commons on July 8th, contain- arms who might have o^ca^o ^ 

ibg a brief detail of the particulars use them in defence -of their pf^ 

alluded to at the beginning of this perty. As to tumultuary jajpn^i^^ 

chapter. It was ordered to be which had lately takep pla^.>|ftq( 

printed, and taken into consider- orJyintbe night, butintbedayliqM;^ 

ation on the lOth. of great n umbers of person^,^ fof ^ 

On that day. Lord Cnstlereagh purpose of trainingj^ ^t pre^pat.'lkt 

rose, and after various preliminary magistrates could do no igoa^'ijyj 

observations on the extent and read the riot act, and ordar t^^m 

causes of the existing disorders, to disperse, and that not liltr/SH 

and the. insufficiency of the means end of an hour: hiivpcqppftailhaif* 

hitherto employed for their supprcs- fore was that they i«hi^d -^^a^jj 

siou, he pr9cceded to state the power, of imaic4i^U^^4isgf^^ 

a tumul* 



EltAl, firs TORY. [115 



%' MUkdlftkoot bodj, iartd to tMk^ 
tiMHO who M not d«^)ene when 
catted ttpon, Ikble to punishnMmt. 
With f^ard to die third point, he 
hstd toobri^rve, that in many parts 
there were not magbtraies sufii* 
cient to enibtce the Jaw with due 
^gour, arid on the borders of the 
^turfoed counties offenders might 
escape to another jurttdiction. He 
'Would therefore propose, that for 
Ae titne being, the magistrates in 
the diMnrbed and adjacent counties 
AoukI have a concurrent jurisdic- 
tion. He concluded by moving for 
d biU ^ For the preservation of the 
^blic peace in the disturbed coun- 
ties,- and to give additional powers 
to the justices for a limited time 
ibr that purpose.** 

Mt. Wbfitbtead declared that he 
was by no means satisfied with this 
pRtceeding. The consequence of 
not bdng allowed to enter upon 
the verbal evidence was the jejune 
tffiort with- which the bouse had 
bten afiVonted, «nd which left it 
in comparative darkness. The no- 
b}^ lof^ had made a statement of 
^Mt he called Acts, which in 
many parts was wholly unwar- 
ranted by the report on the table. 
His own wbh had been to try the 
troth of the anonymous informa- 
tion, but though he had twice di- 
tIM the committee, and had in 
one instance 7 out of 17, and in 
fibother '^ out of \g, they were 
<M\ged tb content themselves with 
the tntelUgence which government 
had thought prcf)er to supply. The 
honourable gendeman then called 
in question matiy of the assertiotu 
of the noble lord, particularly with 
rtipeettothe existence of an armed 
foite among the rioters, of regular 
Mders, distinct combmations, and 



depots ef drms. tie strongly ob- 
jected to the proposed measure bt 
Searching for arms, and alluded to 
the horrors whkh measures of that 
kind had occasioned in Ireland. 
He hoped the revocation of the 
orders in council would cause part 
of the evil to fall of itself, but 
said that peace was the only radlcd 
remedy for all our grievances. 

Mr. Wilbcrforce said, that con- 
nected as he was with that part of 
the country which was the seat 6f 
these disturbances, he could not^ 
without the most painful filings, 
contemplate the necessity for the 
measures now proposed; it, how- 
ever, appeared to him that thesfe 
measures did not outgo tlie neces- 
sity of the case, and even if govern- 
ment had ask^ fot larger powers^ 
not for the purpose of carrying 
them at once Into execution, but 
of cautiously feeling their way 
according to the situation of the 
country, he should not have hesi- 
tated to bestow them. As to the 
source of these disorders, he could 
not concur in the opinion tbat'they 
proceeded from an interruption to 
commerce, or a scarcity of pro^ 
visions. He was convinced that 
the disease was of a political nature, 
arising from certam mischievous 
publications industriously circulat- 
ed to aliennte the affections of the 
people from the laws and govern- 
ment of their country. 

Several other members spoke on 
the subject, and the debate at 
length digressed into a discussion 
of the si^erities employed in Ire- 
I^d at the period of the rebellion. 
Ijotd Castlereagh's motion was in 
fine put and carried without a 
division, after which he brought 
in his^ bill, which was read a nrst 

[1 2} tim^ 



|lp5 AKNI7AL BEQIJTZ.a, l.8l£. 



rime. 1^ appofnted «v « t4Coad tgw«tft| tb* bil) ^«h h«i hlt% 

Oo JiUf 19, tkf Older of tba iod^^ ifdducad a qmubsr of %« 

4<>^ 'fciog iSo*ed for tiie weotxt to prove (bat tbf tii«wiltK mn 

r^diog of tb« bill. Hi. Whiiibread owing to di^trgu lolo^i and It 

^oie to djBcUr^ tiuf hit opioion wm >bew the miidupf s^d- initatioa 

not at ail alt^nd mpecting it, but vtiicb hwl proceeded tom Ibe oa- 

6is objectiont «vre atUl oaoro cod- coiirqgenieitt givep to spies, and 

txtofd. Ttwn^ was no evidence the JDiempera^ ual md fn^n£i» 

before thi^ ho^fie to pcave (be alle- which ia Mxne iustaooM had Tinin 

nt)onintbepreambl«, tbatBDtem- diiplaycd bjr tben^gittniM, Tkat 

Slicf of men wtic in the haUt of oaset, ttcweveT, wpre bf when 

^ciblf denwidiog asd taking *aid to have been gros^ imjtjfin 

atm^. He would repeat, that doe aied, and tbe gowral imprewNi 

cxenjonf had not bOQt) mafic UpKr- wai matiifeitl)' in fiivoor of tbe 

ijrye tha pt^ace under thff exittiog bill. Oii adiviiton theni appewd, 

^wii 1b some cases the magiVntcR for tb» teooQd leading 131, agaliut 

bad be^ supine; in otbcn tbe^ ix IQ. It wat acoordioglj toA 

^4 acted witif vipkenf^ and a per- aad cofnaaitted. 

I^rted judgm^t. There w^ now On July )6, Lord Castkrc^^ 

•vox <)ffPf80tP<^ Qf a GcssatioDof tkaring risen to raov* the fm^aa 

tbe disorder i and thongb tbe boo, coqiidttratton of tb^ Fsport on Iba 

■uxnbei: for Yorkshire ba^ atcribed bill, took the opportanitf c^ cw 

oifl evil to inflatnsaatory publico rccting a m'stako whwb bad prfr< 

' ' mKif, Bidothera who vailed ia the botue, thatitwaitbe 

lb him, bad doclarcd iaientioD of mlnisiera to give ntHr 

and a lower pricQ of gistsrial powers to peraons Sqt ea»- 

W« Ukdji to restore necied with the disturbed ooamia. 

He laid it w^i tbe intention mmlf 

Sfntlb qonegrred with to consign tbia authority to tin 

be (neoiiber &r Vork- sopa of peers, and of peraoa* qat^ 

: idei^ <4 ttw mischief lified to sit in parllanent, Onqgh 

ten done by. tb« circu- D«t in fw:t ^3)ifi«d to act m 

unphlqU which stirred jastlcea. 

it in the people. He Tbe b>li bajag iwcotniaittcj, % 

ag[fe4 as to the neeeMity of arm- debate rose rem^ctiog tbe daivp. 

IDS ^^ ^*' '"'t'^ additiqnal powcre empowering sipgto msgiitrativ te 

' on the present occasion, and io search for arms on so^ttciiiD. Tht( 

g(;i(eral approved of tbe propoccd- wf^otijcctiKlto.by.aennlnieeibetf 

UU. He, however, objected to a« an cacras of pQwecwJ«ic|ia^ht. 

that part of it' which lancipned lead to abuse; and Ur. Oiiea, tb- 

tvo qiagisiiatt^ in colleaing tb« saving that he saw nft KiiHM .Cmt 

arm) which mi^ht be scattered 14 4be distinction (4 requtrtpgrt^ or 

iodividuai handf over the cqutitrjr. mDr» ng»gi« irate* to Bi^^[)|i Mvy. 

The flibnequent speakers in tb« riM fwfrcceiving armkand'^litWitW;. 

dfbale only rqteated wiib g^ntei^. qwriqz it fo/ tjke s^aijcl^ iot.mcmif'- 

arlou.fbniBtti^arjiUii^tafocwKli. nvrn^ 4.W. VWfbtM^-^w^ 



ttENEHAL HtsYdRt. fllf 

ihe wirrants of two or riaom inAi firciented by tine Elirl of Hari^ft^ 

gistrates ihottld be necessary in on Jii)y.l4. Ik ii much raore to^ 

both cases. Th^ clause was de<- pious and minute ihait that of thA 

fended fVom the impossibility ib Comittohs, particuiarly wiHi rd* 

^&any instances of ptocurin; t\ik sprct to the military orgmisatiodi 

concurrence of two magistrates itL of the ridteri. See Sfate Paferf, - 

time for an effectual search ; and The bill for (lie preservation c£ 

the clause was carried oti a division the public peac« being sent ni 

by 77 against 18. from the Cbmmons, Its seedail 

A second division took place on reading was moved, July 23, by 
the clause empowering magistrates Lord Sidmouth, wbo introduced it 
to lodge the arms so taken in a safe with some observations on the ne^ 
depot, which passed by 75 against cessity of such a measure, and 
l6. When the third reading of the hoped that its enactment wouki 
bill was moved, July 20, the former not be delayed a single day. A« 
objections were renewed, partial- it was understood that there should 
Urly with respect to the powers be only one discusssion on the sub^ 
granted of searching for arms ; and ject, a few geucral remarks <^ljit 
it was asserted that the necessity of were made by those who ,wer« 
such a measure no longer existed, hostile to the principle of the bill* 
tranquillity having been restored in and it was read, and committed ioQ 
the dtsturbi-d districts. Mr. Bath- the following day. 
nrst, however, declared, that on On the third reading, befere « 
this very momlAg information had very thin bouse. Lord, Holland 
beep received at the secretary of ro^se, and made objections to ^ 
state'soffice that eight new attempts bill, similar to those which had 
for seizing arms had been made been urged in the House of Com- 
within tliese few days. Mr. Tier« mens. He contended that tb^ 
ncy then prc^>osed the following nature of the evidence brought, to 
amendment to be inserted by way prpve its necessity, was not %uclk 
of rider : " Provided always that as could justify the measure pro- 
it shall be lawful for his Majesty, posedf and he particularly objected 
by and with the advice of his privy to the powers granted of searching 
council, to declare such districts as for and tHking away arms from 
are now subject to the operation of private persons by a single magis- 
this act, to be no longer in4> state trate. He concluded with raov- 
of disturbance, and that this act ing the amendmeiHs of inserting 
shall no loogcr be in force in such two magistrates instead of one |v 
districts." and that the magistrate should 

Ix>rd Casdereagh approved of attend the search in person, and 

the 9meo4menL A division then not delegate his power to that 

took place upon the question of the constable. -, 

t^ir4 f^^ding of the bill; ayes (>9, Lord Stanhope said he disnp- 

no^s }5i the bill was then read proved of the bill on several 

SL^ passed. grounds, but principally because it 

]^T^e report of the secret com- was inconsistent with tlut law of 

IC^^ec of the House of Lords was the land, which provided thnt the 

officers 



118] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1«12. 



officers of the hondred should go 
80 sufficiently armed as lo quell auy 
riotous proceedings. 

The E^rl of Darnlcy also op. 
posed the bill, u%ich was defended 
by Earls Camden and Liverpool, 
The third reading being carried. 
Lord Holland's amendments were 
put and negatived. Re then pro- 



posed 18 a third amendment^ 
the magistrates should not have 
power of search in the ni 
This was reiected on a divisioi 
17 against 6, and the bill 
passed. 

Its operation was limited to 
25ih of March, 1813. 



 b. 



•  • 



CHAP] 



GENERA L H I S TORY. [Wft 



CHAPTER XIII. 



Mlr,Cmntng's Motion for a future consideration of lite CtitJtoUc Questioa^^ 
Tke Same fy Marqu'S IVelieslcy — Bill for €J plaining and improving 
tk Toleration Act-^hord Hdlandi Motion respecting Informations 
£r-Q^Ee»— Afr. Sheritlans on the Attorney- General of Ireland-^Bill 
ft prevent the Escape of French Prisoners — Conversation on Overttires 
fim the French Efnperor-^ Prince Regent's Speech on the Prorogation 
if Parliament . 



NOTWITHSTANDING the 
lepcaled failures of the at- 
tenptB in parliament to prccurc a 
ooQcession of the ciaims of the 
Iriih Catholics to an equal partici- 
pttioo in the rights and preroga* 
tiiti of their fellow citizens^ the 
idrocates of their cause, probably 
inpDtJog the opposition ia part to 
cvninstances of lemporary irrita- 
tioDi resolved not to give up the 
GOQtest, but to appeal, as it were, 
bm the beat of the moment, to a 
Gttore period of calmness and so- 
hieti*. Id pursuance of this idea, 
Kr. Canning, on June 22, rose in 
Ac House of Commons to make a 
DMioQ on the subject. He began 
bii ^leech with alluding to a cir- 
cvnstance which might be regarded 
H eiDbarrassiog to an advocate of 
Ae Catholics, but which he con- 
ttred aa only one symptom of the 
hUml irritation of the public 
Mad ID Ireland, and an additional 
Mbe for an inunediate consider- 
lAnof the question in the proper 
^^1 this was, the receipt on that 
■^oAig of the resolutions of the 
tpPeipte meeting of Irish Catho- 
2 ^ Dublin. He shewed that 
Ijl^^BnUi of tliete resolutions 



was not to preclude a temperate 
discussion of a great political quet* 
tion, but rather to inculcate the 
propriety of dropping the recollec* 
tions of all that had pasted ia 
former debates, and considering 
the subject as if now presented & 
the tirst time. He then laid dowa 
three principles on which, in his 
opinion, the whole matter rested. 
1. He would assume as a genfsral 
rule, that citizens of the same 
state, living under the same go- 
vernment, are entitled, prima fane, 
ta equal political rights and privi- 
leges. 2. That it is at all times 
desfrable to create and maintain 
the most perfect identity of interest 
and feeling among all the members 
•f the same community. 3. lliat 
where there exists in any comron- 
nity a great permanent cause of 
political discontent, which agitates 
men's minds without having any 
tendency to subside of itself, it be- 
comes the duty of the supreme 
power in the state to determine in 
what mode it may most advantagje* 
ously be set at rest. 

The right honourable gentleman 
then went on to enlarge upon these 
several heads^ with the force and 

eloquence 



lap] ANN-VAL RBG-IRTEB, J«4«. 

[obimi but n of which ibe topio* ime -idcb-w 
ly through all bad been tmply dwelt iqtoa ia 
had alrudy &o former debates, made a lacAitm 
forwards io the precisely the same with tbatof Ha 
the Catholic Canniog. The previotti qoe*tiaa 
be superfiuous was moved upon it by the L-ofd 
ugh bistiain of Ciiaocellar, and a nvimbercf Ick^ 
shall only tran- on each side declared their aouU 
with which be oicDts upoD tht lutgect, iff- tiff 
IS, "That thia argumeDtsatidobKivationa already 
the ne^t se»>iria to often repcaKd. The diruioa 
e into its most showed an cxtracrdlnary bdancc of 
>n the %latc of opinion in the meinbcn of tbat 

___ ... .p bis Majesty's house. Od ihe motiuo of llie ps^ 

Homan Citholic subjects in Great viuus question, the numbcfs W14 
Britain and Ireland; with a view contents, preseni, 74, pi*xi« 52, 
to Buch a final and conciliaior)- ad- total I'/tii npQ-conicab, prMCOt. 
jnttment, as may be conducive to 74, proxies 51, total 129, miyo- 
the peace and eiifngih of the rity 1. Ministers, and their usual 
viiited fcingdoni ) to ihe atabilily of stipportcn, were ranged on each' 
the proteslnnt establishment; and siflc; and of the royal dokes, two 
totbe general saiisfaction and con- voted on ona nide, and ibree on 
<^rd of all classes of his Majesty's the other. Even ihr bench d 
lubjects." bishops was divided, ihongb n>- 

Cerieral Matihewj who spohe equally, for 15 supported the pre- 
aest, moved as ^n' amendment, vintis question, and three alone 
',' Thai the li.mse, hliould take the opposed it. 

Catholic claims into thejf early Such was the ^(ale in whicfa the 
md immediate ronsideralion, and elosr- of the sessiitp left the vtij 
go into a commiiiee upon thciu on important question of C^hoiic 
Tbursd»y nfxi." emancipation. 

Of the debate which followed. In the debates correrning Lori 
we shall, for the reason above Sidmoulh's motion of h'St year to 
assigned, decline giving a sheich. make alterations in the act of lolew 
One of the iiiosi nb'irvable cir- ration, it bad been stated, that 
cnmstinceg was, that Lord Castle- different decisions rfspeeting ibc 
leagb made ^ liberal declaration in tneaning of certain clauses a£ that 
fevour of an inquiry into the Ca- act had been given by the jusiicQ 
tbolic daims. That the general at the quarter sessions, of difietoit 
feeling of the house was similar couniiis. It was, therefore-, « 
▼as povcd on the divikion, when, laudable purpose of goyernmefitto 
after ihe amendment of General imroduceale|;aleiposiiiunof i)icdt 
Matthew had been negatived, ^ich might prevent anjr.fiudn 
the original motion was carried by disagreement. . '. , 

tbedecijivemajorilyof 235IO 106. On July 10, Lord Caitloreifti 
In the House of Lords, on July moved ihe bringing in of a tilt.lp' 
I, the Marquis Wellesley, after a repeal certain acts, and VMff 
■trong argumentative F^cech, but other sciSa icUijuE td /ctiiioM 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



im 



tndl fluemblies, and per- 
hiag or preachiog therein, 
d that in consequence of 
iectMons at the quarter 

donbtB had arisen as to 
lion of qualification ; and 

object of this bill was to 

di.<)SenterB in the situation 
I thcj practically stood 
y to such decisions. The 
wrought in and read. 

order of the day fur the 
iing of this bill^ July 20, 
'Smith congratulated the 

the unanimity with which 
thcrio passed, as a favour- 
*n ^>f the increasing libe- 

the limes. He thought 

rt- move the practical evils 

the disuse n ten ha*1 to corn- 
bout;)! it did not recognize 
at principle, that the civil 
Le had no right to inttrlere 
;rs of religious opinic^n. 
red the arbitrary discretion 
stratcs, and required no 
:h than that of allegiance. 
C of toleration, it was eer- 
ie most complete which 
lerto been pas.sed in this 
Tilt: honourable meipber 
id by moving a clause *' to 
( the eiemptions now en- 

the toleration act, without 
{a fresh oath.** 
Chancellor of the Exche- 
cnrred with the honourable 
ID in his congratulations, 
e was happy to consider as 
big from indifilTence to 
.iAdoc the same parliament 
iOgOtthed Itself by its boun- 
prdt to the c:»tnl)libhcd 
, and he instanced iu the 
afik |o the parochial clergy, 
I'escfliption of the smaller 
iftKn the land-tax. He 
f kpe Jdr. IVrceval the cre- 

of those pleasures, ai:d of 



the design of the present bill. Ht 
alluded to an intention of th^ 
honourable gentleman to have 
brought in a bill for the protection 
of a particular sect (the Unita- 
rians), and was glad that he had 
not put it into execution; for he 
believed the persons in question 
were in no danger of molestation, 
and such a bill might have given 
great oftcnce to many well meaniuj^ 
persons, by exposing doctrines, to 
contumely which were generally 
viewed with great veneration. In 
a future srssiun means might be 
deviiied to rei-oncile the respect due 
to those doctrines with a full pro- 
tect ir^n to the decent protcssion of 
opposite opinions. 

Mr. Whitbread said he had ex- 
amined the bill, and found it the 
same, that he had inteiided to have 
brought in, and drew the same 
hip.y inferences from its silent 
progress as his honourable friend 
had done. He hoped this spirit 
would eontinue till the great work 
of religious freedom received iti 
iinnl consummation. 

Mr Smith's clause was then 
brought up and agreed to, and the 
bill was read a third time and 
passed. 

The second reading of the btll 
in the House of Lord^ was moved, 
on July 23, by the Earl of Liver- 
pool, who observed tliat the sub- 
ject could not be properly entered 
into without repealing certain acta 
which remained on the statute 
book, but which no one wonld 
now think of puttiz]g in force. 
Among these'were the conventicle^ 
and the five-mile acts. The latter 
was entirely abrogated : some parti 
of the fornier were retained in 
another shape. In order to com^ 
bine the most ample toleration with 
the rtsquioitc securities, it waft pro* 

posed 



i 



122] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



poded ID tiie present bill to give to 
jAbccb for religious worship noto- 
fiety and publicity, and to require 
from the preachers and teachers of 
the saine soroe test or security in 
the oaths taken by them. Meet- 
ings for worship in which the per- 
aoos asaeoabled did not exceea 20 
aboTe the fanaily of the occupier of 
the house, Were exempt from any 
restriction. Others were required 
to be registered, and their meetings 
were to be held with unbolted 
doors. The preachers of cong^re- 
gallons were to take the required 
cMths at the sessioos, but were not 
i^uired to take them antece- 
dently to their exercising the duties 
of teaching and preaching. 

£arl Stanhope objected to the 
bill, that it was founded in its 
preamble and clauses upon cxpe- 
diency alone, and did not recognize 
the right of religious worship, 
which he contended to be the un- 
alienable right of man. 

Lord Holland, though he agreed 
with his nobb friend as to this 
righr, was nevertheless a warm 
friend to the bill, as so much 
gained to the cause oif toleration. 

Viscount Sidmouth could not 
give his unqualified approbation to 
the bill. He regretted the exten- 
sion of the numt)er allowed at un- 
registered meetings, from five to 
twenty. He thought th« exemp- 
tions granted from civil duties and 
the milida might lead to abuses $ 
and he particularly lamented that 
so qualification was required from 
pi*eachers or teachers, but that all 
' persons, whatever might be their 
Ignorance or moral character, 
might assume the office on taking 
the oaths. He did not, however, 
mean to oppose the bill. 

The Lord Chancellor expressed a 
dissent. ft(m tht clause granting; 



exemptions, but said it wooldb^ 
best judged of in the committee. 

The bill was then read a second 
time, and committed. 

In the coipmittee on this bill, 
July 24, the Lord Chancellor ob- 
jrcted to the clause granting ex« 
emptions to teachers and prezdbcn 
exercising any other profession or 
occupation ; and contended that 
complete justice was done by the 
exemption before, granted to all 
teacliers or preachers exerdsing no 
other profession except that of a 
schoolmaster. He, therefore, oiot- 
ed to strike out the clause. 

Lord Holland was disposed to 
acquies<^e in this amendnoent, bot 
was doubtful how it might asfftct 
dissenting ministers in the posses- 
sion of land. 

The Lord Chancellor thoaght 
that the same rule might apply to 
them, tfs did to the establiMied 
clergy ; namely, that though ihcy 
could not take land to farm^'jret 
that being in possession of a l^s^* 
of land in consequence of the 
death of a rrlation, or holding 
land in fee simple, was not con- 
sidered as farming. The cblttte 
was truck out. 

Earl Stanhope moved some 
amendments which were nega- 
tived, and the bill passed throogh' 
the committee. The report waa 
received on the next day, when iSid 
bill passed. 

It is to be observed that Earl 
Stanhope had some time befbn& in^ 
troduced into the House of Lbrda a 
bill " For preventing the imposW 
tion of disabilities upon persons etf 
account of religions opinions, or tbd 
exercise of their religion,'* whidt 
was founded on the enlarged prin<** 
ciples that he h61d on these subjects^' 
and in supporting which he tocAf 

occaskMi 



GENERAL HISTORY. [13S 



o^eaBlon to speak rery slightingly 
of the former tlieo intended bill. 
the second reading of his bill was, 
however, negatived by a division 
of 31 against 10. 

The defeat in the fast session of 
the attack upon infonnation at- 
tffici0 did not prevent the noble 
lord (Holland), who had a princi- 
pal share in it, from bringing the 
matter again before parliament;, 
though in a difierent shape. His 
lordship, on July 3, presented to 
the House of Lords two bills rela- 
tive to ex^ofHcio informations, the 
object of the first of which he 
stated to be, to prevent delay be- 
tween the commission of the offence 
and the filing of the infonnation, 
and between the latter and proceed* 
ing to trial ; and that of the second, 
to repeal so much of the act of the 
4Sth of the King, as related to 
holding persons to bail upon ex 
officio informations. They were 
then read a first time and ordered 
to be printed. 

The order of the day for the se- 
/ cond reading being moved on the 
lytb. Lord Holland rose, and made 
his introductory speech on the sub- , 
ject. As the whole of his argu- 
ment» as weM as those which fol- 
lowed, were of a legal nature, it is 
impossible to do them justice in 
the abridged form which our com- 
pass would admiti and we must 
therefore content ourselves histori- 
cally with a sketch of the result. 
His lordshipi ajfter arguing at length 
upon the abuses to which these in- 
formations were liable, and the 
power they gave of inflicting pe» 
nalties upon obnoxious persons, 
for which the law ga^'e no redress, 
came to the purport of the bill he 
10 tended to movej which was only 
Ibe first of the above-mentioned, 



the iate period of the session hair« 
in^ induced him to defer the se- 
cond. He said, it was a measure 
merely of regulation. It lert tin- 
touched the purposes for which 
these informations were instituted: 
it did not interfere with the speedy 
prosecution of enormous of^nces ; 
but meant to counteract that prin- 
ciple by which the terror of a cri- 
minal information was kept hang- 
ing over a roan's head, ilie first 
clause enacted, that no infiDrmi- 
tion shoold be filed by the attor* 
ney-general within Great Britain 
and Ireland, unless it should be 
filed and exhibited in a given time 
(to be ^ccified) after the misde- 
meanor or o^^ce committed. 
The second was, that if any infor- 
mation ex officio be not proceeded 
upon, and the offender brought to 
trial within so many months, all 
further procedings upon the same 
should cease, except such trial 
should, upon cause shewn, have 
been postponed by a rule or order 
of the King's Bench. His lord- 
ship concluded by moving the se- 
cond reading of the bill. 

Lord Ellenborough expressed his 
surprise at the bill which had been 
brought in, and wished his lord- 
ship had taken better advice cm 
the subject. He made many legal 
objections to it, and showed the in- 
convenient to which it would 
give rise. He concluded with say- 
ing, that It was of so light and firt- 
volous a nature, that he would not 
propose that it be read a second 
time this day three months, but 
would treat it as it deservedi by 
moving " that it. be rejected," 

Lord Erskioe stated a nuknber cff 
arguments in defence of the bill, 
and said, with respect to some of 
the objections made by the chief 

justiccj 



124] ANNUAL REGISTER, 181f, 



justice, which applied to the bill ns 
now printe<l, that his noble friend 
had professed his willingnesn to 
■mend ii To the bill, it contined 
to cases of libel, and guarded in its 
limitations ^^ not only saw no 
objections, but considered that it 
would be productive of the great- 
est good, by removing odium from 
the administration of criminal jus- 
tice. 

After a reply by I.x)rd Holland, 
the house divided on Lord Ellen- 
borough's am< ndmtrnt, contents, 
1(5; non-contents, 7: niajoKty 
against the bill, g. 

ThU question acquired addition- 
al interest irom a circumstnnce 
which happened about this time in 
Ireland and became a matter of de- 
bate in parliament. On July J 3, 
Mr. Sheridan said, in the House of 
Commons, that he understood that 
an esL otiicio prosecot ion had been 
commenced against Mr. Fitzge- 
rald, a printer in Ireland, for the 
publication of a pamphlet contain- 
ing a statement of thr various acts 
aftecting the Roman Catholics, ac- 
companiea with obserrations, which 
be had rrad, and saw nothing in it 
libellous but the acts themsrlves. 
The notice served on litzgerald 
was eitremcly curious : it required 
bim to show cause before Mr. 
Saurin, the atrorney-general, at 
bit liouse in Stephen's grecn^ why 
a criminal information should not 
be filed against bim. He submit- 
ted that a proceeding of this na- 
ture was (}ulte illegal^ and should 
now move for the production of a 
copy of it. 

I^rd Castlereagh said that this 
taafl tbe lirst time he had heard of 
the subject^ and he hoped the hon. 
H^mUemaD would not press bis 



motion witliout a notice j t 
Mr. Sheridan acceded. 

Mr. Sheridan, on July : 
in pursuance of this notice 
the attention of the house 
summons sent by the atto] 
neral of Ireland to Mr. Fit 
He related the fact as abov 
and said, that he knew 
what authority an attorney 
could require a man's att 
at his own house, but h 
tl)at such a prai'tice migh 
mischievous consequence! 
posing an ignorant man si: 
sumoned in that mannerj 
torn^y-general might ask 
sit down, t^te-a-t6le wit 
perhaps over a bottle of \ 
his nice snug little back p; 
a star-chamber, where he o 
induced to utter ungnardet 
which might tend to his p 
when he came to his trial, 
not suspect any such desij 
Mr. Snorin ; but the eal 
which he stood rendered it I 
necessary to examine his | 
ings. He und<"rstond t. 
Fitzpatrick did attend tl: 
mons, and that the attorm 
ral had nothing to say to In 
Slieridan concluded with 
that a copy of the notice 
tion be laid before the horn 

Mr. Wellesley Tole stat 
have been the ordinary pT 
Ireland for the attorney-gi 
give notice to the par^ 
\«^hom an information was 
be filrd^ of such an intent! 
to call upon an individtui! 
cause why such inft 
should not be ftled; the 
of which was nor to 6n 
bim what he might hwe 
m bii defence^ bot to give 



jQENEKAL HISTORY, 



rns 



itf ef ofibring any expla- 
hit mighl induce the at- 
eamil to forbear further 
tfi. The right honoura- 
Mnao then digressed to the 
Ig aad the justice ot pro- 
it, and said, he could not 
igree to the paper being 
le taUe, as trials were now 
OB the question, 
leakers who followed de- 
li farther from the pro- 
ct of the motion, to wbicb 
idan, in his reply^ recalU 
eotion of the house, shew« 
the character of the pub- 
uesenred had nothing to 
lis motion, which was only 
e into the legality of ihe 
• isiurd from the attorney* 
or attendance' at his own 
rbis, indeed, the ministers 
re did not admit of an easy 
as Lord Kllenboroughy in 
n on Lord Holland's mo- 
I declared that he should 
acted as the attomey-ge- 
Ireland had done. The 
lowever^ was negatived on 
t.by 67 against 23. 
itrocious character of the 
rtea £nglaod and France^ 
10 many years had passed 
I cartel for the exchange 
pen^ appears to have in- 
iDOOg the captives of the 
l|oa» a state of despair^ 
EMrted all the customary 
'Ifi^jXT, and rendered the 
f|j^ifbr the purpose of ob- 
|HL|iidolgence of a lax de- 
i^.po avail for restrain* 
from attempts to 
fiequency- of such 
the ready aid af- 
Doe of bribery, 
. t|ie attention of 
M4tli^-<neMara was 




adopted of aognientuig^ the pa* 
nishment of those who should tw 
convicted of assisting in luch 
escapes. 

On July 14, Lord Castlereagh 
rose in the House of Commons to 
nnove a repeal of the existing kws 
relating to the aid given in eficct>- 
ing the escape of prisoners of warv 
and substituting a hill by which 
the crime, instead of a miadc^ 
meanor, should be made a ftlonyp 
punishable by tiansportatioo, cifa 
ther f r life, fourteen years, ov $&• 
ven yr ars, as might be agreed oa» 
He said, that when it was known 
that prisoners of the highest rank 
in the enemy's anny had effected 
their escape by meaiM of an op^ 
ganizcd system for conveying tbeift 
out of the country, by a snccesiioii 
of persons so as to elude pursni^ 
the house would perceive- the iie» 
cessity of providing against iim 
dang<;r. He then made- a aolitai 
accordingly. 

After Mr. Whiibread bad «»• 
pressed his hope that some nnVM 
sure would be adopted for an eft** 
change of prisonos, and Lord Caf>» 
tlereagh had assur^ hint that tliai 
fault did not rest with this govtni* 
roent, leave was given to bring in 
the bill No opposkioo ap pe ai y 
to have been made to it» provi* 
sions, and the secotxi retding of iip 
in the House of Lords was mofveA 
by Lord Sidmooth on July 33^ 

His lordship in iDtrochiciog'Ml' 
motion, remarkrd, that from ft-llil' 
laid upon the table it appealed thtfr* 
within the last three yet^n 494f ofr 
ficers on parole in this country btd* 
made their escape ^ whilst-— a 
splendid contrast^ tbeie Wife nol'n' 
siuk^ie instanoe of an ofiicer ifr ovm 
service having broken his parolnk 
He dwete apon the svriousiMti'O^ 

the 



i' 



1S6] ANNUAL REGISTER, l8l«. 

the crime of aisistii^ in these 
cicapes, whicb aa einiaeot jodge 
had considered as nearly approach* 
iog to that of high treason } and he 
said, that by the proposed bill it 
was only Boade a transportable fe« 
lQny> the period of tianspertation 
to be determined by the enormity 
c^the offence. 

No debate ensaed j and the bill 
shortly after passed into a law. 
^ In the month of April, at the 
time when the French emperor 
was on the eve of a war with Rus- 
sia, he thought proper to make 
orertures for a peace with Eng- 
land, and a correspondence took 
place between the two govern- 
ments on the subject, which soon 
closed without havipg produced 
any effect. No notice of this cir- 
cumstanps was taken in parliament 
till the letters which passed on the 
occasion had appeared in some fo- 
reign papers. On July ij. Lord 
Holland, in the House of Lords, 
requested to know from Lord Li- 
verpool whether ministers were in 
possession of any further informa- 
tion respecting the overture from 
France than what had been pub- 
lished iUe. those papers, and whe- 
ther it was the intention of the exe- 
cutive government to take the sub- 
ject into their com^iileratioq. He 
would abstain from delivering any 
oj^iuion respecting the answer to 
that overture, further than that he 
was not disposed to admit the ex- 
istence of king Joseph at the head 
of the Spanish government, as a 
principle of negocintion ; yet he 
should have approved entering into 
« negociation upon the principle of 
rendering Spain independent of 
France. At the same time he 
CQuld not but protest against the 
difficulty which a])peared to be 



felt in designatiog fbe 
France a8;emperor. He alap «idl»- 
ed to know whether Lofd Oastie- 
reagh had rsceived any aasivcKto 
his letter. 

Lord Li? eip«ol did not hesitate 
to admit that the correspomieDOB 
published was substantially csor- 
rect } and he had no objecdim la 
produce the papers if c^ed Ibr* 
With respect to the reoo^tioti al- 
luded to, government bad acted 
upon the general pinciple that 
such acknowledgments were, not 
to be made gratuitonsly, bat. as 
objects of stipulation for an equi- 
valent. With respect to the mat- 
ter of the answer, he was persuaded 
that there were few in the country 
who would not agree, that if the 
acknowledgment of Joseph Bnosn- 
parte as king of Spain were made 
a necessary prthminary -by the 
French govo'nment, no negoeiar 
tion could be entered iipon.fa^ tb^ 
on such a basis. It had theiefine 
been thought requisite to call for aa 
explicit declaration on that bead ia 
the first instance. No commoni- 
cation in reply had been 
and there the matter rested. 

This conversation seems to: 
l>een all that passed in theHooM 
of Lords on this topic. 

In the House of CommoDSr ea 
July 21, Mr. Sheridan rose to 
speak upon this subject. He bew 
gan with observing, that his i»« 
Muralle friend^ Mr. Whitbread, 
had hurried to town for die c^« 
press purpose of declaring that be 
conceived ministers to be entirely 
wrong, and that the late ovotoie 
from the French government: was 
the best opportunity that eoirid 
possibly have been a^rded fcr en- 
tering into a negociation for peace. ^ 
The honourable gentleman then 

proceeded 



GENEEAL HISTORY. 



tm 



yrvxedod to Tef^ite thif antiGipftted 
optDioOy hj a number of remarks 
relative to tbe perfidy aud delusoiy 
pohtica of the French ruler» not 
without some of those glowing 
sentiments relative to the maritime 
rights of Gre^ Britain, and the ho- 
nourable character of this nation, 
iKhich are found td be popular in 
every assembly, from the highest 
to the lowest, fie concluded with 
making a motioiffor an address to 
'the Prince Regent, requesting the 
production c^ tbe correspondence 
which had passed on this occasion. 

Mr. Whitbread, after seconding 
the motion, expressed some sur- 
prise at the manner in which his 
rigii homurahk friend had intrO' 
<h3ced hid observations, as if they 
weivs. answers to some preceding 
speech of Lis against the honour 
and interests of bis country — a snp- 
poshion which was the mere work 
of his own imagination. He then, 
in hts proper person, made a va- 
riety of remarks on the proposals 
ibr accommodation contained in 
tbe letter of the Duke of Bassano 
(Maret), and also upon former of- 
fers of negociation by the French 
govemment,^ which he was inclin- 
ed to think sincere ; and he main- 
tained tbe general sentiments re- 
acting the necessity of peace to 
this country, which he had ex- 
pressDd on many former occa- 
sions. 

It cannot be necessary to give a 
sketch of tlie other speeches in the 
political conversation, as it may be 
rather termed than debate, which 
enstied. That nothing further 
could: properly have been done by 
the English government in this 
nf^iiltiun, seems to have' been 
the ^ general opinion. Tbe ques- 

* * 



tion fbr an address was pt)t ^nd 
carried. The correspondence there- 
uppn kid before parliament u^l 
be lirand among the State Papers. 

This long session was tenuin.if- 
cd OB July 30, by the speech of the 
Prince Regent, delivered by com- 
mission. His Royal Highness, af- 
ter his acknowledgments for the 
zeal and assiduity displayed by 
both houses of parliament in tha 
display of their public duties, re- 
fers wiih warm approbation to the 
exertions made in the Peninsnln, 
particuiarising the capture of Ciu* 
dad Rodrigo and Badajoz, and ex- 
presses his confidence that the con- 
test in that quarter will be brought 
to an issue which will secure the 
independence of the two nations. 
He then adverts to the new war 
kindled in the north of Kuropc, as 
an additional proof of tbe little se- 
curity that can be derived from 
submission to the t>'ranuy and 
usurpation of the French govern- 
ment; and he trusts that they will 
approve of his affording to the 
powers that may be united in this 
contest, every degree of assistance 
and co-operation tonsistent with 
his other engagement'*, and the in- 
terests of the kingdom. He as- 
sures them that he views with sin- 
cere regret the hostile measures 
which have been adopted bv the 
United States of America, but is 
willing to hope that the accustom- 
ed relations of peace and amity 
may yet be restored; should his 
expectations, however, be disap- 
pointed, he relies on the support of 
every class of his Majesty's sub- 
jects, to enable him to support a 
contest in which the honour of the 
crown and the best interests of the 
country must be involved. 

After 



mj ANWUAI. REGIS* KR, W12. 

After tb« eoMHoftmy dianks to geoct etuplojred hf parHaiBetit nf 

tb# Home of Commoos fer tbeir iiiTest^ting it9 causfcs^ and tbs 

liberal sapplies, and legrecs for vHsemeasunes taken fbr itr aop- 

tiie adMidoDBl bttithent imposed on pftssion. He concludes with le- 

tlie people, bis Reyal Highness commending to them infividoal)/ 

mentions die great concern wHh the exertion of their powers^ the 

which he has observed the spirit of preservation of the pnl^ic peace, 

ittaobordinatioii and outrage which and fbr promoting a spirit of ote* 

bas-appeaied ia aoiae p«ti of the dience to thetaws« and attidmuaMr 

f|jint>y> aoA applauds the* dlli- t^ the GoesdttttioQ, 



v; 



1 



r 



a. * 



* •  



* 



* 
I 



• 1 I 

* 
 



GENEiRAlL HISTORY. 



[129 



:j' 



CHAPTER xrV. 



DmrnniicOccumnces-^NtgoeiuthnsJora Change in the AdfHsmstratfb^h-^ 
Disturbances in the Cwmtry — /fffairs of Irish Caih$IicS'^DissoiuHpn o^ 
Parliament and General Election. 



ONE of the subjects which 
most interested the Jntish 
public during the first half of the 
present year, was the expected 
changes in the administration, 
concerDing which, at different pe- 
riods, curiosity was kept on the 
stretch by negotiations, either 
openly carried on, or suspected to 
be secretly transacting, among the 
several parties regarded as candi- 
dates for the great offices of state. 
The Prince Regent had indeed left 
the reins of governnrient in the 
bands of his father's ministers for 
a longer time than had been gene- 
rally predicted ; but it was thought 
that the commencement of the 
tteiv era of his unrestricted re- 
gency could not fail to be marked 
by the accession to power of some, 
ait least, of those to whom he liad 
fbrmerly given his confidence ; aud 
ahhongh the actual ministers had 
conducted the government with as 
little interruption from opposition 
as most of their predecessors, their 
tenure was commonly considered 
as temporary and insecure. 

Early in the year, the cabinet 
fUstatned a loss, in the Marquis of 
Weilesley** resignation of the post 
of secretary of state for foreign af- 
fiiira, which, on account of the in- 
fluence and abilities of that noble- 
iT^bfQq|4 npt be regarded as in«> 



considerable. The motives by 
which he was induced to re^ga^ 
as they afterwards appeared in a 
statement made public by hit 
friends> were such as augured more 
unfavourably than even the act it* 
self for the duration of the mini* 
stry. His objections, it was there 
said, arose in a great degree from 
the narrow and imperfect scale oft 
which the efforts in the PeninsuHb 
were conducted. He had repeat- 
edly with reluctance yielded hlf 
opinions to his colleagues on many 
other important points; and h# 
was convinced by experience that 
the cabinet possessed neither ability 
and knowledge to devise a good 
plan, nor temper and discernment to 
adopt what he thought necessary. 
To Mr. Percerars judgment of 
attainments he could not pay any 
deference witliout injury to the 
public service. Entertaining these 
sentiments, the marquis had, on 
the Idlh of January, requested 
permission to withdraw from the 
cabinet, and this desire was noti- 
fied to the Prince Regent and Mr. 
Perceval at the same time, with 
the exprcs^non of his lordship's 
wish that the precise time of his 
resignation might be accommodated 
to the pleasure of his Royal High • 
ness, and the convenience of Mr, 
Perceval, » soon as tlte restrictiona 
[KJ should 



130] ANNUAL BE6ISTBR» 1R12. 

thoald expire. Mr. Peroevil if 

tbeo accused of using all his en- 
deavours to procure the removal of 
Lord WcUesley before that period, 
and proposing various persons to 
the Regent to supersede him in 
his office. The Urgent, however, 
fontlnued to press his lordship to 
retain bis post; but when, at the 
expiration of the restrictions, it 
appeared to be (he intention of bis 
R$^al Highness to continue Mr. 
Bet dsval at the head of the govern- 
ment, Xxwrd Wellesley again ten- 
dered the seals to the Regent with 
increased earnestness. Being com- 
n^nded to state bis opinion on the 
formation of a cabinet, he declared 
thAtin hiijudgn^nt it ought to be 
£(>Xznod aa ;an intermediary princi- 
^e. between instant concession and 
•ternal ei^dusion with respect to 
the Roman Catholics, and on an 
understanding that the war should 
be carried on with adequate vigour. 
He added, that he should be ready 
to serve wfiA Mr. Perceval on such 
a basis { but would nevti ag^ 
serve under him. in any circum^ 
stances^ The sequel of this pro- 
pel waS| that in two dnys after* 
wjrds, Lord Wellcsley received. 
throog)t the Chancellor, the Prince 
AegenCs acceptance of his resigna- 
tion» And accordingly delivered up 
the seals on Feb. ig. 

While tbis trial of strength be- 
tween Mr. Perceval and Lord WeU 
les|ey, with their respective friendsi 
waid^sendinK, a remarkable let- 
ter, afterwards made public, was 
written by the Prince Regent to 
his iurother, the Duke of York, 
dated Feb. 13, in which, after 
speaking of the motives of duty to 
their common father which had 
ii^luced hiQi hitherto to wave his 
l^uuU^e^ipftking a change in the 



executive govemmeot, and oo^Om 
ing the present crisis of a&ks* la* 
which he had no objects to attaiOy 
but such as were cnmmon to tba 
whole empire, be said, '' I cannot 
conclude without expressing titt 
gratification I should feel* if ^0019 
of those persons with whora the 
early habits of my public life wera 
formed, would strengthen my 
bands, and constitute a part of jnj 
government. With such support*^ 
and aided by a vigorous and aaited 
administration, formed ou the ohs^ 
liberal Basis, I shall look with ad- 
ditional Gon^dence to a prospezxx& 
issue of the most arduous caote»t.. 
in which Great Britain was evc^; 
engaged. You are authori;ie4 to. 
communicate these sentimeota to. 
Lord Grey, who, I have no dpobt^, 
will make them known to Xbid 
GrenvUle." ^ ' . . 

A negotiation with these lords 
ensued, the failure of whicb« with 
its causes, are stated ippurijeport 
of the debate on Lord Bbrbig(lan*sr 
motion in the House of .Coid^ , 
March 19, for an address, to-^. 
Prince Regent on the ibrauog/pi^. 
an efficient administratiocu F^gioL ' 
diat result it appeared, tbal tloii 
differences on political egtn^. 
between the Grenville party (m uL 
is commonly called) and i^f^.^a^ 
isting ministry, were suph aa.prfr^^ 
eluded any coalition betaiffien ibfii 
leading members. ^^ * 

Lord Castlereagb, on Feb. 28^ 
received the seal^ cf-.o^Glce as.^ftt 
successor to Marquis Wellfsley^ ja. . 
the foreign sacretaryi^^ koA^^ 
that time the mintsby w^sntookSfx 
changed, and without anj 
tom of want of stabillt;y^ tillj 
assassiaatioa of Jdr« fa^^v^, 
the beginning of. May. O^jj 
atrocity, wbiqh w'M t(^ 





GENERAL HISTORY. 



[isi 



among the most memorabie and 
tragical incidents of the year, a 
foil relation will be found in the 
Chronicle and the Parliamentarj 
Debates. One conclusion univer- 
sally drawn from it was, that a 
very considerable, if not radical, 
cbange in the administration was 
now become inevitable; and the 
ministers themselves seemed to 
regard their places as only held/ro 
temfore till their successors were 
agreed upon. The Eari of Liver- 
pool, on whom the post of leader 
now devolved, attempted to ac- 
quire an accession of strength by 
the association of the Marquis 
Wellesle}- and Mr. Canning. Upon 
the failure of this attempt, Mn 
Stbart Wortley made that motion 
"with respect to a strong and effi- 
cient administration, the discussion 
of which will be found in the de- 
bates. Its result proving that the 
mmisters were no longer supported 
by a majority oi the House of 
Commons, tiic Prince Regent di- 
rected negociatious to be opened 
for effircttng the purpose of the ad- 
dress presented to him by that * 
house. The Marquis Wcllesley 
was the first person to whom this 
important and delicate commission 
was hi trusted ; but after a short 
interval, he tendered to his Royal 
Highness his resignation of the 
authority rested in him. For the 
curious and interesting account 
given by himself to the House of 
Ldrds, cf the obstacles which ren- , 
dared his negociation fruitless, we 
rci^r to the debates. 

"The saoae powers were next 
traii«?ferred''by the Regent to Lord 
Mbira, '^1^ tr^ted with Lords 
Qxtj and GfVDville upon a basis 
thsfl seemed idr remove all difficul- 
lirs tor a fitijil adjustment. Thefail- 



ure of this treaty in consequence of 
a difference respecting the house- 
hold appointments, with tbp^very' 
extraordinary conduct of Lord * 
Moira on t!)e occasion, is rccotrfed ' 
in our account of the debates. . A^ , 
it there ap|>ears, to his lordship fe-^ 
solely owing the continuance of a ** 
roinistr}', whose removal, he once * 
said, if the only circumstance"' 
which could give the Roman Ca-..' 
tholics of Ireland a pro<jpect.of otr-^ 
taining a redress of their griev- * 
ances, "ought to be rapturously; '; 
hailed by the whole country.** ** 

The Earl of Liverpool, on Jphc ' 
8, stated to the House of LordtT 
that the Prince Regent had on that ' 
day appointed him first commis- * 
sioner of the treasury, and'amho- 
rised him to complete the arrange- '^ 
ments for the ministry ; and tht^s a * 
termination was put to all expec- ' 
tations of a change of men or ' 
measures, at least to any consider- ^ 
able extent. The majority in par- 
liament, actuated cither by the ha- 
bitual concurrence with establish- ^ 
cd power, or by the conviction that"^ 
the past contests had been merehy ^ 
for place and emolument, iijimcdt-^' 
ately restored their support to th«7 
ministers, and no further cry -was ,' 
heard for *' a strong and efficient ' 
administration .*' The principal ac- ; ' 
cessions made to the ministe|ial ' 
list were. Lord Sidmouth, as se- 
cretary of state for the home de- ' 
partment ; Earl of Harrowby, lord ' 
president of the council j and Mr. '' 
Vansittart, chancellor of the exchc- * 
qner. 

During a great part of this y^Mf , 
the country was kept in a state of 
alarm in c^niscquence of the dispo- ' 
sition to riot, wliich, commencing 
in the prcvding autumn in the ' 
hosiery dist»kt of Nottingham-'^ 

LK 2] ihirc. 



13S] ANNUAL REGISTEK, 181^. 



shire, bad gradually spread over the 
extensive and populous trnct? of 
the Lancasliire and Cheshire cot- 
ton manufacture, and the clothing 
parts of the West Riding of York- 
Shire. As very copious notices of 
these outrages are given in our 
Chronicle, iti addition to those 
which appear in the debates of 
parliament on the bills introduced 
for their suppression, and the mi- 
nute report from the stcret com- 
mittee of the House of Fiords on 
tlvc subject, we shall only briefly 
advert to them as a part of the do- 
mestic history of the year. The 
numbers and daring spirit of these 
rioters, the system of organization 
and deliberate plan under which 
they acted, and the weapons with 
which many of them were pro- 
vided, rendered them truly formid- 
able to the master-manufacturers 
and peaceable inhabitants of the 
disturbed districts, and excited se- 
rious apprehensions in the minds 
of many for the general safety of 
the kingdom. Indeed, if there 
was no exaggeration in the infor- 
mations which gave rise to the re- 
ports made by the committees of 
parliament, designs were entertain- 
ed among the leaders, of deep and 
dangerous import; and their un- 
doubted seizure of fire-arms, and 
administrations of oalhs of secrecy 
and confederacy, confirm in part 
the suspicions suggested. It was, 
however, ascertained that all these 
leaders were persons of the lowest 
ranks in society, who, though 
they had a considerable influence 
over their immediate followers, 
were utterly unable to frame or 
conduct any thing like a widely- 
extended insurrection against the 
government. If, therefore, there 
vi:u aqr justness ia the character 



given in parliament of these disRiB^ 
ances, as being of m fotUical tuitarc, 
rather than the result of temporar^r 
distress and want of empioyiBent» 
the term must tib understood^ DOi 
as pointing to any particular nis*> 
ditated change in the constitntmo; 
but to a vague spirit of miarulo vA 
insubordination, possibly fosl:eredl 
by inflammatory writings Incul- 
cating levelling notions. It ' », 
however, to be observed, that fte 
existence or dispersion of woA 
writings among the rioters is no 
part of the information contained 
m the reports to parliament. 

It was found necessary^ at tliese 
outrages increased, to station a 
large military force in the c&tm^ 
ed counties, which on various oc^ 
casions was called upon to act^ bnt 
such interference seems always td 
have been kept within mod<»te 
bounds, and not to have exceeded 
the necessity of the occasion. The 
terrors o^ the law were also, aflcr a 
due term of forbearance, called iii 
to assist in repressing and puufsb^ 
ing the violations of the pi4>Ke 
peace; and seve^l of the most 
guilty paid the forfeit of their lives 
at the assizes of the counties ti^hids 
were the Scene of these disoniert 
By these means, together with tfi6 
remedies adopted for the distress 
of the labouring poor, and the ^^ttf^ 
pect" of increased employmaft* 
tranquillity was in great mieaitire 
restored before the close iif tfe 
year, in most quarters 5 yetoccrf* 
signal outrages still occurrecg* aaid 
it has not yet been fhougftrsdfi*'^ 
withdraw the strong ba^'dPeb^ 
ercion. ' n-^iy.^i 

The uncommonTy H}glP5>i^K^* 
provisions, occasioned ""hf^ iMif 
concurrent causes, and^**6jr'^^Btt 
means relieved by 'ttic^ |ibducf^ 

the 



GENERAL HISTORY. [133 



L Mhanrnt, bas been the cause of 
feaj rioCft in various parrs of the 
Abgdom, uoconncctCil with the 
crioiu commotions above-men- 
dooed, aod which have required 
floexlraordiDary exertions for their 
upprenion. It is observable that 
tk meiFopolLs did not pnrticipiUe 
IB aoy of these popular tumults, 
dioagh the frequency of burglaries 
ttdiueet robberies proved that a 
fnt number of lawless banditti 
icre loose upon the public. 

Hie catholics of Ireland have 
cootioued stedfast in the pursuit of 
that tcsumition to the full rights of 
ddKniy which has long been the 
Vtty nacaral object of their desires, 
ad to which it will be very difH- 
nit to convince them by argument 
 that they have not a well-founded 
cUiD. They have, however, dur- 
iof this year avoided any of these 
ttQteitfi with government which, 
B the opinion of many, threw 
Hue discredit on their cause, and 
ttbfected them to the imputation 
o^ittempting to gain by intimtda- 
titty what I hey could not obtain by 
ID appeal to justice. On the other 
IunI, the government of that 
CBDotry, content with asserting the 
ttkority of the laws, has treated 
^ great lenity those breaches of 
tkm which appeared to proceed 
ntbct from inconsiderate ardour, 
tll^i spirit of defiance. 
:^IAer Mr. Kirwan, in the month 
ffjhMiary, bad been tried before 
^^JUog's Bench at Dublin, for 
Pf|%ig.« a delegate for one of the 
fM^cf that city at a meeting of 
% ^holies, and found guilty, the 
WtBOce pronounced upon him was 
-IpllMt^De of one mark, and the 
llMaajFr^etieral entered a noli fro- 
mfn^fpdn the others who lay un- 
iit§i^»iftiaMX charge. 



On Feb. 28, the aggregate meet- 
ing of the catholics was held at 
Dublin, in which a petition to the 
Prince Regent was read and una- 
nimously voted. It was presented 
to his Royal Highness in the 
month of April. I'his contains, in 
respectful, but iirni and explicit, 
language, a sl:itement of their 
grievances and their claims. It 
begins wiih copying that «/«/// test 
of allegiance to the established go- 
vernment and its he.id, and of re- 
nunciation of all principles subver- 
sive of this allegiance, and disa- 
vowal of any designs hostile to 
the present church establishment, 
M'hich they have taken, and are 
willing to take, on the sanction 
of a solemn oath, in lieu of j^i- 
r//ual tests lo which their con- 
sciences will not sufler them to 
submit. It remarks, that for nearly 
the last twenty years the progress 
of religious freedom has be^i ob- 
structedj and whilst other ChristUin 
nations have hastened to unbind 
the fetters on religious disseht, the 
Roman Catholics of Ireland have 
remained unrelieved. It refers to 
the numerous penal laws and in- 
capacities still in force agaiiist 
them, and from which they seek 
relief. " Our object (they say) is 
avowed and direct — earnest, yet 
natural. It extends to an equal 
participation of the civil rights of 
the constitution of our country— 
equally with our fellow-subjects 
of all otlier religious persuasions : 
it extends no further." It frankly 
reminds his Boyal Highness, that 
an equal degree of enthusiasm caii- 
not be expected in the defence of 
their country from men who feel 
themselves excluded from a fairpar- 
ticipation of the benefits of a good 
constitution^ as from those who fully 

partake 



454J Al!f N U A L R E G 4 STE R, 1»1 2. 



■pjirtiake df fhoM blessbgsi Ob the 
' whole, it majr be regarded asper- 
^liaps tiie most cancise, jet com- 
prehem'fve, itatement of tlie case 
' of the petitioners thai hai appeared 
*in an autbentic shape. See State 

The parliamentary debates will 
*«b0w. how often this important to- 
pple came under C(>nsidcration in 
:?ffae two houses, and vrixh what 
-result. It was kept alive by a 
i^uuniber of petitions to the legisla- 
';tut8 pourrd in froiQ the cathoHcs 
tof the different Irish counties, and 
-oho by many from protestant bo- 
lAieaio that country, In support of 
'the:ifbrmcri ibr it appears either 
*tiUKt tto proteatants bad lost their 
-iiabitcial fears - and jealousies of 
rth^ir catholic neighbours, or that 
-^y: weiiecbimnced, that between 
. cqiposke dangets/the leaKt \kas that 
■•'that^cif coQcedifig what it would 
ijertioot^ lUMtfe to tefuse. £x- 
9ieetBt|o0 semna to have kept the 
£<»tM^<^' iti a stace pf modaration' 
- iiU aAer their eause had sustained 
^two dvlbails in parliament, and 
>^6y aaw a ministry established 
' which* tliey bad reason to sappose 
' ^esldedly adverse to their cause ; 
^ when they could not be prevented 
from i>tl9a^^ ont into a degree of 
imemperance. At an aggregate 
* catholic naeeting held at Dublin on 
June 18, a set of resdutions pro* 
posed by Lord Kileen was passed, 
hi which, after declaring theirdeter- 
fifihiaf ion of renewing thdr pet itions 
t^ the iegisl^turcv they allude to 
dl^ppoimments proceeding from 
** the fatal witchery of an unwor- 
thy secret influence, spuming alike 
thib sanctions of public and pnvate 
.' i^irtOe, Jhe demands of personal 
gratitude^ and the sacred obliga- 
tloas of plighted honour.*' The 



general atn»n of these r ea oh itio tt i 
was in a similar st^le of angry cen- 
sure kvclled at a Ittgb mark % aod 
acrivini; in England at the tine 
when a new.eSbrt waa m«4c: ia 
thb»r favour, it occasioned sonae 
embanrassment to their TrtcDd*. 
The isHur, however, of the 
quent motion for taking their 
into consideration early in the next 
session of p:irHtunent« waa a ccmd- 
plete victory in the House of Gom- 
mom, and as nearly as possible a 
drawn battle in the House o^ Ixtrds 
-—Appearing toevinceaoapfmack- 
ing oatiosal decision to .tbetr 6- 
vour. But either this pnoapflct, 
or the known if^linanocn of the 
ministry, now beg2B:i So - aoimtte 
the zeal of all in Engteod, who, 
from motives of interest ^ qr rM- 
giotis prepossessions, were Ibe&.fo 
all concesttiona which trench^span 
the exclotivo privileges 0^ the esta- 
blishment i and the remaiodcrtof 
the year passed in. the active pe»- 
moting of petitions against the cs- 
tholic claims, from both Ibo unU 
veraities, from different derical ^d^ 
dies, from countica, tDwxis;4Uid pa- 
rishes } whilst a variety of pabtica- 
tions, addressed to that bmred «f 
popery which has lor some 
tions been a ruling pasaioa 
the different denominatidoaolp^ 
testants in this oountry«: kfepii.Tip 
the fermmt io the puiAic imut-r 

A^ the ministers^ aiiho^incof 
the protogattonof parQaQraar^ jip- 
peared to be pcBseased ^of »^:the 
usual influence o^goi^pnopSBl^a^ 
the Regent's terminiitii^i} ^fppach 
express^ full sattefi|cti0dfi«r4lie 
measures wbk:h had beep Tiyipj^d 
by that assembly,. ihejaHrtiigofin 
general, notwithstanding soiaDfve- 
ceding nHBiours^- did;.net Trfflii to 
expect its speedy dissolution. None 

of 



GENERAL HISTORY. [135 



kte parliaments, indeed, 
«i suffered to live out their 
I period; but manifpit 
or antidpation bad existed 

instancesy and in othrrs, 
only bad been retrenched 
cir term of existence ; but 
ent parliament had nine- 
oths to run before its legal 
n. It was, therefore, to the 
iorprise, that by a procla- 
mied from the Prince Re- 
I Sept. 2g, a dissolution of 
»t was declared » with the 
ement of writs /or a new 
niable on the 24 th of No- 
next. As no public rea- 

been givrn for this step, 
K has been left to imagine 
t probable. It might be 
Jbat the pledge given by 
se of Commons ot an early 
I to the catholic claims, 
ri in by a majority which 
tor augur a prevailing dis- 
-to grant tlicm, suggested 
I who were adverse to the 
• this effSectual means of 
I it; but the ministers 
noidifiiared on this topic; 
dd, that such a change of 
It in the Prince Regent is 
ooacrivable, as should in- 
ft to give his sanction to a 
or tiverthrowing attempts 
ir once undoubtedly t'a- 
iiWbatever were the im- 
miBtivea for ministers in 
sAb mnsore, it certainly 
IfatfCoofidetKX! in tiieir po- 
■tke nation at large, 
:iD the powers in their 
Jt.ifMJuring such a return 
tfiifMviei. as would rather 
Mkin^diminisli their influ- 

■nMdfr of the year was. 



of course, occupied with all tbt 
busde of a general eltction ; but 
the shortness of the noticr, joined 
to the circuoMtances of the lime, 
seems to have abridged the usual 
proportion of contests, especially 
in the counties. For the same 
reason, few of those riots were heard 
of which have so often disgraced 
this period of popular licence. As 
far as the tem|x.'r of thr nation can 
be judged by the return of repre- 
sentatives, the cause of opposition 
had at least gained no ground by 
the events of the year. In the 
metropolis, and the towns of Btis- 
tol and Liverpool, the candidatts 
in that interest underwent a defeat. 
The case of the latter great oom- 
merdai port was eztremelf re* 
markable. Though it had been 
peculiarly a sufferer from the ope- 
ration of the orders in council, 
which had ruined its Americain 
trade, the election went in fa- 
vour of one who, when a mem- 
ber of administratioo, had taken a 
great share in promoting those or- 
ders, to the rejection of the person 
who had been the principal initru* 
ment of their rrpeal**-«o Htile con- 
hdence can be placed even io men's 
appnrept interests, when oppoM^d 
by their political piejudicesl It 
is true, the system ot carrying on 
almost the only forrign rotiimerce- 
left in this country, that by licen- 
ces, has a direct tendency to aug- 
ment the influence of government 
over the mercantile interest} while 
the niaimfacturen in many branches 
are equally subjected to the same 
influence by means of contracts. 
The monied intere*;! in the metro- 
polis bss alwa)s been notoriously 
at the disposal of every existing 
administratioo. 

CHAPTER 



136] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



CHAPTER XV. 

Natal JJftitTx; Caplure of La Corey rf^ — Of La Pomona and • 
Ship — X^i9 of the Manilla and Laurel — Capture of the Met 
Of the lUt'oli — Of a Flotllh off Dieppe — Desiruciton of two i 
Frigates and a Brig near t Orient — Of a Danish Squadrm 
Mjrdzc — Coni'oy brought rjut of Langidllia — Another attempt 
same Place — The Attack Brig taken iy the Danes. 



THE attention of the French 
emperor has, during this year, 
been lo much engaged by his conii- 
nental projects^ thai the mighty pre- 
parations he seemed to be making 
in the past year for contending with 
Great Britain on the ocean^ pro- 
duced no sensible addition to the 
power and enterprise of his navy, 
which for the most part lay quiet 
in port, and offered very few op- 
portunitieji to the British com- 
manders stationed in the Kuropcnn 
seas of gratifying that ardour for 
distinguishing themselves in their 
country *s service by which they are 
so honourably characterized. 

An account arrived at the admi- 
ralty, in February, of the capture, 
on November \i), by the fcagle. 
Captain Rowley, of the French 
frigate \^ Corey re, pierced for 40 
guns^ but mounting only twenty - 
kixoightctn pounders on the main- 
deck, and two six-pounders on the 
quarter-deck. She had a comple- 
ment of 170 seamen, and 130 sol- 
diers, was laden with wheat and 
znilitai*)' stores, and was bound 
from Trieste to Corfu. She had 
two companions, which escaped 
during, the chace, that began oli' 
Fano, and (erminated near Brin- 



dibi. The action was short, 
deed, the inequality of force 
have rendered a protracted 
a nee only a fruitless waste of 
No one was hurt on boa 
Eagle. 

In tlie same sea, off Lissa, 
severe action was fought hk 
three English and three \ 
frigates, which did credit 
bravery and conduct of bot 
ties, though success, as usu 
mained to the English. 
French squadron having be 
scried to the south oi Lissa c 
vember 26, the ships Alceal 
tive, and Unite were warpi 
of the harbour of St. Georg) 
on the morning of the 29U1 
in sight of the enemy off the 
of Augusta. The French c« 
dore i'ormed in line, and 
shorl time stood towards fail 
gonists; but finding the £ 
l>earing upon him in close Kj; 
der full sail, he bore away 
N.W. His rear ship sepa: 
Captain Murray Maxwell, il 
tifth commodore, detacfacN 
IJnit^ alter her, and hiim 
the Alceste, commeoced 
with the other two. On | 
the rearmost to get at the g« 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[137 



dorr, a shot bringing down his 
ojin-topmast, bs drcpt a Utile 
iStau, 00 which trinmphant shouts 
(f yhe r^ttfereur resoaDded from 
tk Aeoch thipt. Captain 6or- 
dn, bovcveTy in the Active, push- 
ed a, and brought the sternmost 
HkCkM fetioD ', whiltt the French 
maaodfon, shortening sail, fairly 
capged the Alceste. After a 
nnn conflict of two hours and 
tvntj minnteSf the French com- 
iDodere,in the I^luline3 thought pro- 
per to bear away to the westward, 
ik crippled state of the Alcrste 
BOt ndfering Captain Maxwell to 
psioehinB. The other ship then 
stncki and proved to be the Po- 
■BDB of 44 guns, and 322 men, 
oottDtlMled by Csptain Rosarael, 
vhoic skill and courage are very 
blBoanbly recorded by the victor. 
He liad fifty men killed and 
^jMdad ) his antagonist, the Ac- 
tiM| bad thirty-two, among whom 
v«R Captain Gordon, who lost a 
kg, aad bis first lieutenant, who 
W n arm carried away. In the 
Mn tiflM*, Captain Chamberlayne 
u the Umt6 had overtaken his 
chn, which strock after a trifling 
nMnce^ and to his mortification 
ptMvd tD be only a store ship of 
taietMy-shc guns and igo men, 
Btted La Fersanne. The Active 
Hi sent with the prizes and pri- 
mtn to Malta, and the two 
*Am were immediately refitted 



la addition to the naval losses by 
Aipw i ec l L tt tbe close of the la«it 
jm, that of the Manilla frigate of 
(Ur^«ifaL gons. Captain Jo^'ce, was 
lyitoJ' ly Admiral Winter, com- 
afltodlNrof the Dutch Texel fleets 
aMMoarring near the end of Janu- 
J|gfS'^';Tbi9 ship having struck on 
aand in a dreadful gale 



w - 



on the cvcnini^ of the 2Stb, made 
signals of distress, upon which 
some fishing boats were sent out 
to her relief. These were obliged 
to return without being able to 
reach her; but on the next day, 
the weather becoming more noo- 
derate, they approached her, whea 
the chief pilot risked his life by 
venturing upon the shallows and 
sunken rocks, and the £nglish hav- 
ing made a raft of empty barrels, 
he uas enabled to bring off thirty- 
five of them. During the 30th 
and 31st all the rest of the crew 
were brought safe to land, whence 
they were marched as prisoners to 
Amsterdam ; the whole loss fnam 
the wreck appearing to have 
amounted only to six man. The 
ship went entirely to pieces., On 
this occasion, the exertions of the 
Dutch to preserve the lives of the 
sufferers were highly meritorioiM. 

About the same time the Lan- 
rel. Captain S. C. Rowley, a fine 
new frigate, was lost in Quiberon 
bay. This ship, with two other 
frigates, had been ordered to par* 
sue three French frigates which 
had escaped from the Loire; and 
on the morning of January 31, 
they weighed anchor, and made 
sail through the pris^age Taigneuse. 
It blew hard, and the weather be« 
came hazy; when the Laurel struck 
upon a sanken rock, and had a 
large hole made in her bottom. 
She was backed off, and the men 
continued pumping, till the vessel 
was reported to be sinking, wiien 
the cable was cut, and she was run 
ashore on a reef of rocks, about a 
mile from the French coast. In 
this situation, a heavy fire being 
opened upon her fr6m the enemy *a 
batteries, a flag of truce was hoisted. 
I'he firing was^ however^ con« 

tinned. 



138 A ISTN UAL REG I S TE.R*-; 1S12. 



.Ijmaod, till ll^roe hoata, witliabovt conipany With cbe 

70 men aodr 4. oSiCcra, were acot descided 2 large Mp witlr 

OB shore from, the Mp, who deti- «aiali ones proceeding ^rotn Venwe 

vered tbeno^ves up as priMoers. to Pok in Istrku A aignal fo 

XheFreocb are tiieajaid, with an chace >a^ made, the eata^ be- 

inb\iaEiaaity which appears to have tog in a line of battle, witli !«• 

lieep mevely gratuitoos, to have gun -boats and a brig a^ftead of tbe 

fcTused permisstou for the boats to large ship, and two briga aateca. 

fctnrn £or[ U>e remainder of the The Weazie, Capt. Andrews^ was 

crew^ who would have been their directed to bring Uie brigs mg^BOk' 

pri3oner») and thejr must all have of the commodore to a«:lk>ii* in 

perished^ had not Captain Somer- order to induce ^ him to sboitcn 

3^i)le» against the lemonstrance of sail, which had the intended ef- 

Jbi$pilQt» gallantly worked his -ship feet. At Imlf past toorin t|;ie af- 

up among the rocks, brought her temoon ihe Victorious cootMncnoed 

^to anchor, and taken the men off action with the lioe-oi^baule siup 

Jthe w^ecki afier^they had been the Kivoli, of 74 gUD8» at the <i>s*> 

upon it ip a very perilous situation tance of half-pistol abot^ ncitber 

j jfor several hours. The French fired ship having hitherto fired .• . gjmi ; 

on the boats till they were oat of and the water bdsg 8|iiboth#«vorf 

|:^ch« shot tokl, and the caznage oaboib 

A letter from Captain Taylor, of sides was dreadfnk At fivei^ mae 

ithe Apollo, to V»e-admiral Pel- of the brigs tngtigBi mth ^tbe 

kw, dated Feb. 14» mentions, that Weasel blew up^ and thai vaaacl 

on the pieceding day, on roondtng went in chace of the jest» baii «u 

Cape Corse, be fell in with a recalled by Cap^n Talho^ -mko 



French frigate-built store-ship and thought that, aa they WB r ft . ip only 

a cocvett^ OncH^sing with them> seven fathoms water* one ortbe 

the former vessel struck, and other o^ the great ships .miglit^et 

procrcd to be the Merinos* com- agrouod and wao4 aa8istaDoe.*C^>t. 

joianded by M. Honore Coardooan* Ajidcew, on beiiB^ reca)led> photd 

paptain o£ a frigate, and a mcaenber his brig on the bonr of €lie Sianali, 

of 4be legion of honour, the ship and raktd her wiAh three iknoad- 

quite new, of 8^0 tons^ pierced for sides. That ahip^ ^^ «eaily . tftwo 

36 guns, but carrying only twenty hours, had beeiv tendered pim^y 

B-pounders, with 126 men. She unmaoageabde* and had;boe»Bble 

was bonnd to Sagona for timber, to keepap oiily a Tery sloifiAie. 

The ApoUo sufiered no loss. At nine o'clock A)»>il»y!k»/ asd 

though exposed for four hours to was taken posacsnon of^t She liere 

batteries on shore. The corvette the broad pendaoi of .€o|BttMidore 

made her escape with the assist- Barre, the Frenoh oojoirlandnigia 

ance of boats from the shore. chief of the Ad«iitti<^. wliofidis- 

Capt. Talbot of the Victorious, pUyed great sk>U>and v^iteaid^ 

penipr officer of the upper part of action* He lost 400 mikd^cmA 

the Adriatic* communicated on wounded, inehidtn|^ 'ibift;i|;aBiaio 

Alarch 3d to Capt. Rowley, an ac- and roost of hiaciffiiJiiaiio«f)QC|fii^ 

count of his success in capturing a persons witb< iRhomLhec^ efMMd 

line-of-battle ship of the enemy, into (letko* The iVietmMM \$iaa 

On Feb. 21, the Victorious, in sustained a severe loss of men, not 

enume- 



G)£irtERAL HISTORTY. 



r»D 



AehidilUieooni- 
a% M6. actdiUy on 
hom Go were on the 
H the French brig en- 
the Weazel, which 
fokf three men were 
Yfeatel did not lote 
• Few actions in any 
iMPded more coovincing 
\ wperioriij of Briiish 

il action on a small 
epcxrted in March by 
f, commander of the 
D, off Dieppe. On the 
; month, in the mom- 
nved an enemy's flo- 
ing of 12 brigs and one 
liiog along Aart, and 
nsadesail, with the in- 
tting off the leeward- 
flotilla formed into a 
ilipm^d the Rosarioas 
i.fiiid when she loffed 
kthe sternroostj they 
o support her, and en- 
^ dose with the sloop. 
nder, not chusiog with 
(foetomn the risk of 
li, bove away to a brig 
^. vbich proved to be 
Ci|rtaiii Trollope» and 
aigpal for an eoemy, 
■KWfved. -He then im- 
iMiled Jus wind, and 
lo.iflg^Ua, which was 
pi|l Iter Dieppe, began 
m^nnt «nd at length 
•^ • • of them, re- 
their whole 
t, and ran 
lliiai^ befoie he was 
MMMBd^ which coQld 
Capt.Trol. 
tted his part; 
tbo capturing 
^i'drifing two 
dMMgiDg the 




olfaen. This flotilia war pnMM- 
log from fiouh^gne; to Cherbourg : 
each brig carried . three long bnss 
a4-pOQnders, and an eight-ltidi 
brass howiiaer, with a comfileitteiit 
of 50 men ; and they were assisted 
by batteries oo shore, keeping ^ 
a constant fire of ahot and tbdk. 
The loss on board the Rosario^bis, 
however, only five wonnded. 

The account of a suocessM it- 
tempt to intercept two Fretodi 
frigates and a brig off TOrient, was 
cooununicated in a letter dated 
May 24th, ^m Capuio Hotham. 
of the Nortkomberiaiid, to-^Rcfar- 
Admtral Sk H. B. Neale. l%e 
writer st«tes, that having/ aceoiVI- 
ing to orders, proceeded off 
rOrient with the Growled' gui^. 
brig in company, tlie FVen^ vi^ 
sels were descried ob thetiniofhing 
of the 22d, the N.W. pMot bf 
isle Groa bearing N. i^ora-t^ 
Nortbumberlend'i^n lAilesdhtH^, 
crowding all aail to -f et 1ntb>'tile 
port of i*Orient. Capt; Ho«hlik&*« 
first endeavour wasted cat them AF 
to windward of the ' fsfend ; biit 
not being able to effect thiH; lie 
caused the J^^thumberiMdiior'be 
pushed round the S. S. *«rid of 
Groa, and got to windward of the 
harbour's mouth before the eneiliy 
could reach it* He eonrinu^'to 
heat to windward between 6rba 
and the continent in order to cIq^ 
•with them, ooavotdably' exf^jed 
to the lire of thebtftteri^^otf each 
side when within their range. The 
enemv, after some consultation, at 
length bore up in a ck»e line with 
every sail set, and made a bold 
attempt to run between the Nortli- 
umberbnd and the shoi^, utider 
cover of the numerous Batteries 
with which it is ihere lined. Capt. 
Hotham placed bis ship 1o mtet 

tfhem 



lb 



140j ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



them as dose as he could to 
a points wiih her head to ihe 
fthure ', but they liauled so clo.% 
round ihe point, following the di- 
rection of thecoasi^ that he did not 
think it prudent to pursue that 
plau wiih a ship of such a diaught 
of water. He therefon*. bore up 
and steered parallel to them at the 
distance of two cabler s length, giv- 
ing them broadsides, which were 
jelurned by a very brisk fire from 
the dhips and batteries, highly de- 
structive to the Northumberland's 
sails and rigging. It was Captain 
Hotham*s object to prevent them 
from passing on the outside of a 
4ry rock ^ but there wjis evident 
liazard in bringing his ship so near 
the rock as to leave them no room 
to pass : thib was, however, efl'ect- 
ed by the skill and care of the 
master; and the French ships at- 
lerapting, as the only alternative, 
to sail between the rock and the 
i^ore, all grounded. During the 
iiilling tide, ihe Northumberland 
was employed in repairing da- 
mages : she was then brought to 
anchor with her broadside bearing 
upon the enemy's ships, which had 
aU fallen over on their side« next 
the shore as the tide left them. A 
continued iire was k^pt on them 
for more than an hour ; when their 
€7ews having quitted them, their 
bottoms pierced with shot, and 
one of them completely in flames* 
Captain Hotham got under sail, 
leaving the Growler to prevent by 
its iire the return of the men to 
their vessels. In the evening, the 
£rst frigate blew up with a dread- 
ful explosion 3 and soon after, the 
second appeared to be on lire. She 
also blew up during the night ; 
and a third explosion heard on the 
next day was doubtless that of the 



brig; and thus the wo 
struction was completed. 
Hotham was informed 1 
vessels were L*Arianae a 
droniache, of 44 guns 
mt^n ciich, and the Mamc 
of IS guns and ISO n 
since January they had b 
ing in various parts of tl 
tic, and had destroyed c 
of different nations, the 
luablc parts of the cargoes 
they had on board. Tl 
men in the North umbe 
not considerable in pro£ 
the vk^armth of the action 
On July 7th, Capt. St 
his Majrsty's ship Dicta 
three armed brigs, being 
doe, on the coast of Not 
served the mast heads of 
squadron over the rocks. 
Robilliard, of the brig ] 
having a man on board a 
with the place, offered I 
to attack them ; but oi 
trance he ran a-ground 
Flamer brig l>eing left to 
Capt Stewart was dep 
their assistance. The 
Capt. Weir, however, lee 
through a passage of 
among the rocks, in so; 
so narrow that there was 
room for setting out their 
sail booms, till at length t 
within reach of the cna 
had been retiring before 
der a press of lai). Tl 
sisted of tlie Nayaden firi] 
guns, but mounting 50, tl 
brigs, and 25 gun-boats, 
chored close together tn i 
creek of Lyngoe. The 
r^n tier bow on the I 
her broadside to the eoi 
being seconded by llie 
their fire was so powerful 



GENERAL II I STORY. 



[141 



hitfanhaar the frio^a^o was bat- 
wtd to pieces, and flames were 
Mn borstiag fcom ber hatchways, 
ilf brigfliad struck, and most of 
A* fflo-tefltB were beaten, and 
ttat aaak. The Podargutf and 
f Ahmt being a-ground were at 
lUlltiifte engag^ with numerous 
gVD-beats, and batteries, but were 
It kogtb safeljr got afloat. At 
tkne in tbe afternoon^ the Dicta- 
tor, Cslfpgo, and Prize brigs, were 
letaraing through the passages, 
when tbej were assailed by a di- 
mn of gnn-boats so placed be- 
binddie rocks that no gun could 
be brought to bear on them. In 
this sitaation, tbe prize brigs ran 
aground, and it was necessary to 
abindon them in the state of com- 
plete wrecks, humanity forbidding 
setting them on fire, on account 
of tbe many wounded they had on 
boird. In this bold enterprize the 
£nglifh squadron suffered a loss of 
50 10 killed and wounded : that of 
tbe Danes was at least 300. 

Of minuter successes, one most 
worthy of notice was conr>mu- 
niated by Capt Josias Rowley, 
of the AiT'erica, in a letter dated 
of Lans[uiliia, May 10th, address- 
ed to Vice-admiral Sir Edward 
Wiew, the commander-in-chief 
off Toulon. It states, that the 
Aincrica,'in company of the Le- 
*iitban and Eclair, having, on the 
pttceding day, fallen in with a 
coBfoy of 18 sail of the enemy 
^^Beply laden, i;i'hich took shcltt-r 
^Jer the town and batteries of 
^goiUia, on the const of Genoa, 
'^'appeiarrd to him and Captain 
^^pbell practicable to destroy 
^fetfa by getting possession of the 
■^leiiesv For this purpose, the 
**Hinei of the America and I^- 



vintliMi v.-cif l.iii'lf'J nt day-break 
on the lOtii, anil whilst a party was 
detached to carry a battery to the 
eastward, which was effected, the 
main body rapidly advaociog^ 
through a severe fire of grape, car- 
ried the battery adjoining the tows 
of Ldnguillia, consisting of fotir 
24 and l8-pounders, though pro« 
tected by a strong body of the 
enemy posted in a wood and ia 
srveral contiguous buildings. The 
fire of the Eclair having in the 
meantime driven the enemy iinoni 
the houses on the beach, the boati 
proceeded to bring out the vessels^ 
which were secured by varioai 
contrivances ; and l6 being towed 
off, the marines were re -imbarked 
without molestation, though e 
strong party was advancing from 
the town of AUa^sio to reinforce 
their friends. The loss in the spi- 
rited attack on the batteries- was 
much less than might have been 
expected, but the Americans yawl 
was unfortunately struck by a 
chance shot, and ten marines and 
a seaman were drowned^ 

Another attempt was made, on 
Jnnc 27th, to carry off a convoy 
from the towns of Languillia and 
Allassio, by the Leviathan, Capt. 
Campbell, ^iio had also under hta 
command theCuraqoa, Imperieose^ 
and Eclair. The marines landed 
on this occasion were atticked, as 
soon as formed on the beach, bj 
treble their miml)er ; but rushing 
on with their bayonets, they drove 
the enemy from their batteries^ 
killing many. Spiked the guns, and 
destroyed the carriages, and re- 
embarked with several prisoners. 
The vessels were, however, so 
firmly secured, that they could not 
be brought away, and they were 

de- 



142] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



destroyed by the fire from 'the 
ships. 

The naval success in the Da- 
nish sea was in some degree 
balanced by the loss of his Majes- 
ly*s brig Attack, on August 18tb, 
which, being surrounded by 14 
gun-vessels off Foreness in Jut- 
land, was obliged, after a gallant 
resistance, to yield to a vast 8U{>e- 
riority of force. The brig had a 
smaller crew on board than that 
of each of her antagonists ; and 
the commander, Lieut. Simmonds, 
was most honourably acquitted for 
th« surrender^ by a court-martial. 



These were the moat mn 
ble occurrences respecting th 
tish navy in the Europeaa 
during the year 1812 ; and i 
highly important, they were 
as sufficiently evinced that 
zeal and activity of ouroia 
nirn engaged in this service 
sufiered no diminution for wi 
adequate antagonists. We 
reserve the painful task of re 
ing the reverses in adifibrenci 
ter, to that narrative of the 
war in which this kingdom i 
fortunately engaged, which 
occupy some of our fbtore pa| 






"c: 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



ri43 



CHAP. XVI. 

Mula — Valencia taken by the French — Thar Failure at 
•d fVeiiington*s Irtvestment of (Audad Rodrigo^-^Capture of 
Storm^At empt on Tarragona — Further Success of the 
alencia-^^lnvestfnefit of BaJajos ly Lord If^elilngion^Its 
uptkn of the French into Portugal — Successes of Spanish 
leiUtion of General Hill to Mmaraz .-^Defeat of BallasUros 
lapture of Leqmtio—^Ad'uance 9f Lord JVcliington to Sala- 
fare of its Forts'^ Ma nnont' s Adi*ance — Tattle of Sala- 
tat and pursuit of the French* — f^alLidolid entired — Af 
y at Rihera — Alhed Army enters Madrid, and Fort La 
•^Asiorga capitulates — Blockade of Cadiz hrohn up — BiU 
'A — Seville rean*ered ly the allies — ZtOrd IVdlington ad' 
rgos. Failure of Atter.pts to take its Castle. French coU 
mce — Retrcji of the Allied Artfrffivhich rcturjts to Frey- 
uactions of the Spanish Cortes and Regency —Public Sig^ 
Constitution^ Settlement of the Succession-^ Lord Uelling- 
Commander-in-Chtef of the Spanish Armies — Ballasteixn 
tjfairs of Portugal, 



islon of the last year 
important city of 
trd on all sides by 
t, without any other 
fence, than its own 
[iigitiveb from Blake's 
, afforded. The lines 
ikncia are surround- 
to have been 6000 
it^ and to have cost 
lillions of reals, and 
f loine tbousmds of 
I years in forming 
were, in fact, an in- 
i, defended by nearly 
I of the line, C>GOO 
00 pieces of cannon. 
Ecocbes were opened 
f the 1st and 2d Jan. 
BO toiaes of th^ Spa- 
id in loar days the en- 
h1 mines within 50 



toiscs of the fosse. Batteries were 
erected at (k) toises distance, and the 
effects of these operations caused 
the Spaniards to abandon their line.?, 
and take post in the suburbs. On 
the 5th a bombardment was begun, 
and a capitulation was oiTcred to 
the town by Suchet, which waj 
rejected by Blake. The bombard- 
ment was recommenced, and in 
three days and nights 270O bomb< 
were thrown into the city, causing 
many fires and explosions. The 
engineers by that time had made 
a lodgment in the suburbs, ^nd 
had placed mines under two of 
the princip.il gates. The horrors 
of an assault were impending over 
this populous city ; and in order to 
avert I hem. General Blake now 
consented to a capitulation. By its 
tcrm», Valencia was put into the 

power 



144] ANl^UAL R£GIST£lt, l^Bl^. 

ppw^ of tbe French, 'with about token of permusioD torcsity ttfem] 

18^000 troops of the line (inclacting off; and this humane act was r^ 

the sick in hospitals) made prison- feelingly acknowledged by the 

ers of war« a great nomber of French commander. From that 

officers of rank, 374 pieces of ar- time the enemy kept tip a partial 

tiHery, and a great quantity of mi- fire» by whidi the breSK^a was 

litary stores. The militia was dis- widened, and another assault was 

surmed^ and means were taken to expected } wboi on the m ukuiiiM 

x6store the tranquillity of the pro- of JanCiary 5th, tbe cohmms ot 

irince. As ^ reward for this signal the eneoaiy ^w^re designed 'atreMy 

niccess> the title c^ Duke of Al- at a distance, baring left bdAid 

bftifera was confirmed upon Marshal diem then: ar^l^, a mmtm ition, 

Sucheti and stores. A detachment bf 



While the French arms were garrison was sent out to Ukc pos- 

thus victorious in this quarter, they sessioa of them, which v acae i 

failed in an inferior enterpriae, firom tbe flames the artides liiat 

probably much againscexpectation. had been set on fire. A nodriier 

It was mentioned at the conclu- of dead was found oa tte pIiiL% 

sion of the Peninsular transactions indicating the great loss wtnch the 

of the last year, that the design besiegers must have soffrnddor- 

against the town of Tariflui having ing the whole period. '^Tbas* we 

been resumed, Geo. Victor had have seen (says Col. Skdrrett^ ^mA 

invested it with a considerable i^iowabie exaltation) t he u tmust 

force, and that a breach was nuide e^rt of the French has beedr fhi^' 

in the wall. This circumstance is trated by l&OO British and S^tfJiith 

reported by the brave commander, troops, with only the def^ice of m 

Col. Skerret, on Dec. 30th, when paltry wair^ and an Mi^' *tf 

an assault was expected. On the 10,000 men, conducted by wma^- 

evening of the ?lst, a strong co- shal cf France, retreatinsr Mtf 

lunm was seen rapidly advancing them silently in the nigra;' nAtf. 

to the breach, and suitable prepa- having been repulsed and dbftaM^ 

rations were made to receive the leaving behind all their iitlMri iy 

attack. The intrepid resistance of and stores, collected at a great cx« 

the defenders was crowned with pense, and by immeuKe dxditSafaiJ* 

success. In less than an hour, vie- Lord Weihngton, vi4io tik *di0 

tory declared for them : the bold* autumn had placed hilt trt0p^^ 

est of the assailants fell at the foot cantonments acros) the AgtiMr'^ 

of the breach, and the mass of the recover from their sicknista ' itiM 

Column made a precipitate retreat, finigues, was in motion at thevM^ 

A very pleasing instance of hu- conunencement cf Ihe yehr. In'W 

mailly succeeded this exertion of dispatch dated Axxn €r«dfegbi^ %t 

valour. The groimd between the nuaiyp, 1812, he inforMA tKt'fiU* 

town and tbe enemy's battery was reign se c p e la Ty of ^f]^ that' ]|il*tt^ 

strewed with their wounded, who vested Ciudad Rodr!|g6 ott'tlMl f/ffi 

must have perished had they re-» ceding day. He mentiofk^ h^mit 

mained there. Colonel SkerrcU taken b9 stohn a new r6kiJiM*^liiP 

therefore hoisted a flag of truce in stracted by the'Ftisneh bh'^4Mf 



.d >t • 



GE.NERAL HISTORY. 



CH* 



}, and that he had 
mod wiihin 600 ^arda 
«. Lieurenant -Genera I 
rrivfd on December ihe 
Feridj, whencr General 
kl had retired in the 
fing his mag;izinrs of 
General Hill had re- 
irard with the intention 
ig General Drnuet, who 
t upon Zafra, nnd then 
na: General Hill there- 
^ to Merida, where he 
I into cantonments. In 
!ipatch, dated January 
Lord Wellington gives 
of the progress ot the 
:h had been facilitated 
ccssful attacks on posts 
ay, close to the body of 
-«d had enabled the bc- 
»tabls»h a second piiral- 
distance of 160 yards 

20th, his Lordhhip was 
aend the welcome in* 
if the capture of Ciu- 
;Op that imfwrtant frun- 
which bad so often b«*en 
of mihtary oj)erations. 
>f the batteries having 
f injured the defencrs 
yig aiid made branches 
( practicable, Lord Wel- 
tf:miined on a f>torm, 
e approaches had not 
jit to the crest of the 
the counterscarp was 
i,!llie attack was made 

e' ; of the 19th. in five 
ns» for tho disposi- 
ic)i, we refer to the ac- 
|B.:Gazette. All these 
paeijiedj and in less than 
IMWiUnts were in pc^s- 
lp4. formed upon the 
|dhe (dace, each column 
|» the next. The ene- 

V. 



my then, who had sustained a se*, 
vere loss in the conHict, submitted.; 
Th( loss of the besiegers was also 
considerable, especially in otficers 
of rank. Of these, Major-General 
'JVI'Kinnnn was killed by the ex* 
plosion of a m:igazin<* clor^e to the 
brench. His Lordship bestows the 
warmest encomiums on all the 
oflicers eni;aged in this service, 
and the success of such a spirited 
enteq^rizG redounds equally to the 
honour of the Conitiiander, and 
thosK who acted under him. The 
fruits of victory were a garrison of 
1700 men, besides officers, and 
153 pieces of (jrdnance, including. 
the heavy train of the French army^ 
with great quantities of ammunilion 
and stores. The losses of the be*, 
siegers from January the 15th t9 
the Kjih, amounted to nearly "00 
of all descriptions, killed, wounded, 
and missing. 

The sense of the Spanish na- 
tion on this succe9s was displayed 
in a vote of the Cortes, by accla- 
mation, conferring on Lord Wel- 
lington the rank of a Grandee of 
the first class, with the title of 
DukeofCiudad Uodrigo. 

The French, ai this time, were 
concentrating 1 heir nor ihcrn forces 
al>out Sila anca, md for this pur- 
pose had evacuated the province of 
A^turias. The Guerillas were every 
where upon the s^ert 10 give them 
all possible molest tion. 

Doling the sitge of Valentia, 
the Spaniards, in ("ataionia, under 
the commaiut f General iSacy and 
Baron d'Eroles, by way of diver- 
sion, or to improve the « pporru- 
nily of the absi-ruv of the Fr* nch 
main army, made an attempt wyKiti 
Tarragona, in which th* y were 
assisted hy an Kngl'sh i.aval -orce. 
The French General Le < acn, 

[L] however, 



146] ANNUAL REGISTER,. 1812. 



Jntwever^ bavmg ditpatcbed tht* 
tber the division of La Marque, 
.witb a party of the garrison of Bar* 
eelona, under the orders of General 
IVlaihieu, the Spaniards were at- 
tacked, on the heights of Aita* 
fouilky January the 24th, and de- 
leated, with considerable loss o£ 
WBCO, arois, and baggage, and the 
vbcde of their artillery. A dif- 
&rent accotiot was given of this 
affair by the Spaniards i it is, how* 
CTcr, certain, that the attempt on 
Tarragona failed. 

After the capture of Valencia, 
.Marshal Sucbet pursued his sue* 
cesSto and the French became mas- 
ten of Alzira, St. Felipe, Gandia, 
and Denia ; F^ntscola surrendered 
soon after. Soult, with his corps of 
observation, at this time occupied 
the frontiers of Mureia, and had 
pushed an advanced party at far as 
the camp at Lorca. 
^ Lord Wellington remained some 
time at Chadad Rodrigo, in order 
t6 refair the ferti&caticttis, and put 
i^ in a defessiblQ state ; and then, 
pHicing itunder.thecommand of a 
Spanish Governor, he withdrew to 
Fitynada. Badajos was the next 
ol^iect of his arms; and after 
flaakingdue preparations, he moved 
from Freynada on the6th of March, 
audarrtv^ at Elvas on the lith. 
At this time there were none of 
the enemy's troops in the, held 
m Estremadura, except a part of 
the 6th corps atVilla«Franca, and a 
division under Gen. Darican, at La 
Serena. -On the 15th and l6th his 
Lordship broke up the canton- 
ments oif the army, tind invested 
Badajoson both sides the Guadiana, 
on the ]6th. On the following 
day he broke ground, and esta- 
blished the first parallel . A sortie 
. vas made by the garcisoa on the 



igth, which wittpcBieQii^ f e pidaa jl 
without having effect^auy tbiaj^ 
At the time of the invc^toiea^ 
General Sir Thomas Giabamcrou- 
ed the Guadiana^ with a body of 
troops, and directed his marcn to- 
wards Llerena } whilst lieutenam* 
General Sir Roland HiU, who 
had returned from Miranda to ha 
cantonments near Albutpierque, 
marched again to that town. Tho 
operations of the siege were ay:- 
ried on without intermission, zM)t« 
withstanding the unfavourable wea« 
Uier, and the swelling of the Gua* 
diana, which damaged the bridges 
of communication} and, on the 
25th, a fire was opened from 28 
pieces of ordnance, in six ba tt eries. 
On the evening of that day, .a 
strong out*work, called la K^« 
rina, was gallantly stormed h^ a 
body of 500 meD> who firmly es- 
tablished themselves in it» ,0a 
March the aist, a fire was €^eircd 
from 26 pieces ^ cannon^ in dm 
second parallel, M'hich wa§ «ob^ 
nued with great effeqt. A. secqod 
KMtie was driven in with los«« .At 
this time the movenoeots of G^Me- 
rals Sir Thomas Graham and Sir 
Bowland Hill bad obliged Hu^ est* 
my to retire tou'ards Cordova ; ^ 
intelligence had been recdved that 
Marshal Seult had broke up fijoa 
before Cadiz on the 2adaiid44lb, 
and marched upoo Seville ^t^^ 
the troo|)s that were tbere^ with 
the exception of 4000.: TJk 6^ 
ther particulars of the siege iri£be 
found in the dispatch copied Sma 
the London Gazette, anda Cpi^se 
narrative of the result wiH mvs 
for an historical relation, jPimdiQS 
being made in the basUona « Ja 
Trinidad and Santa Maria., Jjord 
Wellington determined to^-«Mgick 
^the place on thenighto£4^gS*the 



GfiNERAL HISTpRY. 



ri4r 



§th: Vktiihaneaos attstcks of dif- 
ferent parts of the works were 
planned; of which, that of the 
castle of Badajos by escalade, con* 
ducted by Lieutenant-Greneral Pic- 
ton, was the first that succeeded, 
and the third division was establish- 
ed in it at about half past eleven. 
In the mean time the breaches in 
the bastions were vigorously as- 
saulted by the 4th and the light 
divisions ; but such were the ob- 
stacles liaised by the enemy upon 
and behind the breaches, and so ob- 
stinate their resistance, that the as- 
sailants, after a long contest, and 
considerable lois, were ordered to 
retreat. The possession of the 
castle, however, which was secured 
by the success of the other divi- 
sions, decided the fate of the town, 
for it commanded all tiie works 
both of and in the place $ and at 
day-Hght General Philippon, the 
Commandant, who had retired to 
' Fort St. Christoval, surrendered, 
with all the staff, and the whole 
garrison.. These, at the beginning 
of the siege, had consisted of 5000 
pien;' but about 1200 had beea 
killed and wounded during the ope- 
rations of the siege* besides those 
who perished in the assault The 
total loss of the txrsiegers in killed. 
Wounded, and missing, from the 
investment to the capture, amount* 
ed to upwards of 48^0, British and 
.Portuguese. This might perhaps 
be thought a dear purchase; but 
-besides the glory to the allied arms 
in gaining this second strong place 
by storm, the possession of two im- 
' portant fortresses on the frontiers 
^ of Portugal was of so much conse- 
quence to the security of that king- 
*' dom, and to the success of future 
operations in the peninsula, that, 
la a^aaiittary Goimdcration« it iut- 



tified the paymeDt of « faigli 
price. 

In order to make a diversion in 
favour of the garrison of Eadajos, 
Marshal Marmont advanced to 
Ciudad Rodrigo, and kept it block* 
aded : at the same time, a French 
party made a reconoissance upoQ 
Almeida, but were ^so received that 
they had no inclination to make an 
attempt upon the place. On April 
the 7th, Marmont broke up from 
the neigbbourhod of Ciudad llodf 
rigo, and proceeded to Sabngal^ 
His advanced guard foliowed Gen. 
Alten through the lower Beiraas 
far as Castello Branco, which it en- 
tered on the 12th, but whence it 
retired on the ]4(h, and the place 
was repossessed by Alten and Geo. 
le Cor. 

Soult, who had advanced from 
Seville into £stremadur», as &r^ 
Villa-Franca, on heamgot the tail 
of Badajos, retreated on the 9th 
toward^i the borders of Andalusia. 
General Graham directed Sir Star 
ploton Cotton to follow his usar 
with the cavahry > and coming up 
with the French cavalry at 'Villa 
Garcia, with the brigades of Gene- 
rals le Marchant and Anson, be 
defeated them on the 11th, with a 
considerable loss in killed and 
prisoners. The French retired.oa 
that day from Llerena, and afier« 
wards entirely quitted Estremadu- 
ra. Lord Wellington, as soon as he 
was apprized of Soult 8 retreat, put 
bis army inmotbn towards Castillo. 

During this period the Spanish 
parties were extremely active in 
diffierent quarters. That distin- 
guished guerilla chief, Espos y Mi- 
na, was successful in various en- 
counters in Navarre, and the neigh* 
homing districts, and >vhcn a^>pa,* 
rently surrounded by different de- 

L2 Uck- 



m^ ANN0At REGISTER', IflS. 



itinhniekitr of tht eoei1iy» contrii^d 
tt) .escape tbrongb the midst of 
^iicrt^ and beranic as fonBidnblc 
^ V before. General Bidlasteros^ 
-'vrho had been declared Caf>iain- 
?6cnferat of Andaiasia» on the 14th 
3bf V Apcil stifptiacd and destroyed a 
taiuinn under General Rey. Me* 
fiftOf an 'enterprising -cl lief, sud- 
dbnly attacked a considerable body 
ijf ifae enemy near Aranda, on 
JkpdVihe l6thf and made upwards 
tif 500 prisoners, with several 
j^lBcets.. This success gate him an 
.epportanity- of making a jnst, 
^ougb severe, retaliation for the 
<tt6eutxm of three members of 
!tte Junta of Burgos by the enemy, 
imd of STnce of MermoV soldiers 
Hebo iad fallen into their hands: 
•tHicoty pdsopers were put to death 
ifor each of the foitner, and ten for 
^tt^h 6f the latter. On the other 
litnd, the Ftench^ collecting in 
liokxre ^)o ;the borders of GalHciar, 
made a feint of attacking that prot- 
?#inte, to finrour their design of re- 
ietrteriitiE; that of Asturias, which 
,they cfiecttd on May the 17th, 
mncter Genoml Btmnet, and took 
3ap their former quarters in Oviedo, 
iGradoy and Gtjon. 
r On April the i4th. Lord Wel- 
lington was at Alfayates, on the 
^rtugnese border, the enemy har- 
:in^ redred upon his advance. 
*ThcT hadcrosawi the Aguedaon 
•tiie^^, and were then in full re- 
-treat towards the Tonnes. General 
^DrtTu^ was at that iif^ at Fuente 
i^vejona. In Cordova^ and Marshal 
'fioult at -Seville. His Lordship, oh 
th^ day of the above date, dii- 
rpatched'Sir Rowland Hiti to carry 
into execution the plan of an at- 
.tack upon the enemy's posts and 
estiblfsbmenti at the passage of 
tbr TaguS at Airaaraz; in Estre- 



* . •< 



madura, n^r tbe^ bAtlsr l^fr 'New 
Castile. .This post affianledtlw 
only good RMlitary contOiihidci^ 
tion below Toledct acroes tlie*I^ 
gns, and j^om that river ia tte 
Guadiana, all tlie p^auaottfi 
bridges below that of AnMibisp0 
having hern destroyed in the op^> 
rations of tbe war, abd left uo» 
repaired. The brl^e at Alfn»ss 
was ptDtected by strong wdtka 
thrown up by the Fn&och 00 both 
sides of the river, and wa^Birtker 
covered on the aouthera side' faf 
the castle and redoubts of JMKn^> 
bete, about a league distant, cooor 
manding the pass of that 
through which runs the only 
riage road to the bridge^ wiudi is 
that to Madrid. 

< Tbe necessary prpparatieas for 
this expedition would ooipidraMt 
General Hill to begin bia- march 
Irom Almendralejo till the laifa of 
May. On the ldth,helbrmed l»« 
force into three columns, tbe Idt 
directed against the Castk of Hm* 
rabete; the nght, against thd fer^ 
of the bridge; and the ceater^-19 
the high road leading to tbe ptmiSf 
Mrrabete. The approach was so 
difficult, that it vras day^broKkctt 
the I9tb, before the attaek> couM 
be made. The right column^ pn^ 
vided with scaling ladders, n»Dvad 
lo the assault of Fort Napoleoft, a 
strong fortress on the kftbtek 4f 
the river. Thd ardour o£4b« If oopp 
broke throurii all obsUctes» attd^to 
the midst of a destructive* &ne Hmf 
rushed on with ^ed bayoneta^jaorf 
drove the garrison throdgh^tbe^^et- 
vera! intrenofameitta «on>Sft„' ihi 
1»ridge, which^ having 'bcM-eiA 00 
the other side, obliged teaa^qf 1^ 
fugitives to leap iht# 4fa0. rifsCi 
^wherethey perislied.' iTba^pMif 
oottimunieated itstlf ^lOf4iie i^fnir 

soa 



GENERAL HISTOKY. 



[1.4© 



von'or Fdrf K8giufli> on the ngiit 
M&k, wild abandoned their workt, 
^#Dd.fled» ill great confosioD, The 
victon thcQ efibeted the destruc^ 
tidD «€aD the material parts of the 
^>rts and nrorks for the defence of 
the bfidge, and made prize of the 
anagaatnes and 18 pieces of ran« 
non^ with 25g prtsoners* The at* 
tack upon Mirabete served onlj as 
a dWersioiu inducing tlie enemy to 
bdieve that the aitack upon the 
Imim near the bridge wooJd not 
comCKOce tiJl that was decided. 
In tbis^rhed exploit the Britbh 
low ta kiUed 9od wounded fell 
«boit of 300. FkM* further pardca* 
Jan we refer <o the Gazette aco 
<»ont. General HHi then retnmed 
to Alasendralgo. 

"Dm aoothem pokitof Andalusia 
Goatitioed to be the scene of .ae«> 
fttoos between the French aud Spa* 
aiiards. General BaUasteros on the 
J St of Jnne; sustained a vcty severe 
^eogagtment against a French di* 
viiion, tnider Gen. Courtoux, in 
tbe plains of Bomos^ which Anallf 
^rmiiMted in the defeat of tte 
Spaniards, who lost from lOOOto 
^500 men In killed .and wounded. 
JIallaBCeras/ iuiwever, rettied oo 
farther ihaii to his ground befbi« 
the^batsle, ^iflcidwas not meleatcd 
kihlareireat. 

-• A ^eomblned attack upon the 
Preneb- tnuips in possesaiao of the 
^twt^f Lequitioin biscay, by the 
giMvillaf r assbted by Sir Home Fop«- 
(mkyi's squadron^ took place on the 
jMstof J«lQe, and succeeded^ with 
tfae-'Captnie of the garrison of 
the iert oammanding the place. 
- ' Attention was now chirAy fixed 
vpoR'tie^tltedanDy of Lord Wel^ 
tfngfOit^'iKrhwh had been for some 
ikMi; ^incisg upon the Frendi 
ttuder JilafttK>tiL- It cfonsttl :the 



Agtieda rm Jttne I dth, and ^arrived 
'in fr6f^.orSalamanca on^the idcit. 
The enemy off irr approach rt^ 
treated across the Tormes, kaviag 
about 800 men in sonse fortsjoaih* 
atructed npon the mkisof cdle^ 
and convents in Salamanca. T^t 
allied army eoteied the city » bat 
Lord Wellington found it necessary 
to break grocmd agaiast the;fanlt» 
^armont at this time was retinng 
tipon the Douro. In Estremadwdit 
Major-g^ieral Slade*s brigade of 
cavalry had fallen in wkh tm» 
French regiments of draj^oooa^ 
which they broke; .but pdrsuii^ 
incaucioaaly they were attacked b^ 
the enemy *a reserve/ and drmtm 
back with constderab^ k»s; 12im 
forces under Marshal > Soolt - and 
Ckneral Drouet had^madei a^ioad^ 
tion, and moved fbrw«rd so Lierecii 
and St Ohdla ; -npoi rwhidh,;G«i^ 
oeraJ HtU bad c^ed ia' hja dd^- 
Jtachments^ and conoditnated Ua 
feces at Albaenu • f 

The batteries against' the-ibrlt 
of Salamanca began* to fire.oo the 
17th. Marnoont^ on the 20fh^ 
made a forward inovefAent in 
order to comanifiicate witb tiie 
forts, and on the nigkiof the 23!it 
bts troops established a post; on 
the right flank of theaihed army. 
liOnl Wellington having directed 
General Graham to sMtack this 
position on the S2d-» the enemy 
were driven from the gmond with 
coostderable loss. Tlvty then ma«b 
a fresh movvmeot, the object of 
which was to commiwicate with 
their gatrisoes by the left bank 
of the Tormes, which: river tht^ 
cros^d in force on the 24th } knk 
the approach of General Graham 
on that side the river caused them 
to retire to their former poAititm. 
Meantune th« iiege. of t)ie tets 

did 



ii$l ANNUALIEEGISTXE, "Itia. 



9to mpfcb* after the enemy , pari of 
iifl]pro;^Q«ie4 the DotKQ-At Puenie 
4e JPoiKQ oii' tke U7%1\, and the 
IfiQipa voder. f)rf9csredc6 toibe bridge 
fifJiQ^la.xwer.tliat river. It ap*- 

Earf that, on ibe .2lBt: Josepk 
H)paparie< left ^MiBdrki with the 
^mypC tbe.ceDtre. directiog hia 
march by the Escuriai upon Alba 
4e Tarn^esii btK bearhig on the 
U5Ui of Mftrmpnts defeat, he rei- 
tfj^M'iowarda Scgovku Nothuig^, 
thJE^r^forei could be iBore^ tlsielj 
tiban Lori Wellington's victory, as 
the 4eli^ of a Viery tow. days would 
pjiolterialiiy have stiengtbcned the 
French army. The rear*goard of 
tJ^ fugitives cpaintained itself in 
9fm^ sti;ength on the left bank of 
th& X)Qtiro daring 1 the 28 th and 
^9th> but en the approach of the 
light diviitont and cavaliy of tin 
purswrifMt cRMied the river, and 
fpllowed the.naoiiona of the main 
bodyf ;ihaadoning VallaHolid, in 
i^jiich, tl)f^.)efi «eveiH6<-n pieces 
of cannon, much fi^nmikmtton» and 
thcjrx hospitaKwilh about 600 sick 
md wounded. Padiesot the allied 
army entered that city on the aOih, 
wber^. they .were received with 
cpUivudasiic joy* The central 
Freoqh army,: in the meantime^ 
ii^d arrived, at Sei^via, with the 
apparent intention of m&king a 
jupqtion with JVIannoot's on the 
tipper Doorp* Ta i^event this, 
L(ord Wellington QMH'ed on Au- 
gust ut to Cuellan On the same 
day ^Qiieph Buoiuiparte retired from 
Scgvvia and ntiarcbed th rough the 
pa^^of Guadarama, leaving an ad* 
va^iced* guard of cavalry. He de-i 
Strewed (lie cannon and ammnni- 
iijon wjbich were in the castk, 
fi^iiitid oft' the church plate and 
otlxu- valu <ble property, and levied 
pi^^O^Uibiiti^ on the inhabitants. 



Advices fenrGenendHill a* tfc^ 
time mentkmed a brbk acti^a facN. 
tween the allied and FrtKoh ui%Aif 
in the neigbbourbood of Bibow 
terminating in favour of- tte 
former. '' ^ * 

Lord W^ington'£ndiBg 4lail 
Marmoat^s beaten anny caiitMiae# 
its retreat npon Burgos, in a atat* 
not likely to take the £eid wgmi^ 
for some time, dctennined eMer 
to bring king Joseph to an actioo; 
or compr'l him to qnit the capital* 
He accordingly moved ^m CucHar 
on Aogi36L 6th, reached Segovift 
on the 7th, and bahed tbe folkMiw 
ing day at 8r. Udefonso. Hie ai^ 
vanced cavalry, after paving tiw 
Guadarama, mov«d forwards cm 
the 1 lth,8nd drivingin tinyFrtmdi' 
cavalry, about 2080 in KKnoba^ 
establiidied itself at Mi^alabofiih^ 
under Brig.ogeoend d* Urbiaa. HIm 
enemy's cavalry retnmad* In tbo 
afteriYoon ; when genetal d'Urban; 
having ^rmed the £bnagt»8eF< «9^* 
vaLry, supported by tbe ^xam^ Mt-^ 
tillery, ordered a clnrge^fipoa Ib^ 
leading squadrons of Che Frencfa} 
Tbe valour of tba* Bartogueia^* 
however, notwitbstandiogiilHt es^ 
ertions of their officers^ .gsve'ssay)^ 
and they turned aboot before nkif 
readied ' t he enemy. • i.Tbey ^eo^ 
through the vtUageo^Majalnhuiii/^ 
to a body of dragoon^ of .the Gtf^ 
man legion* leasingT mtptotcmti'^ 
some gims, whidr Ifctti'imartfatJ 
hands of their pmrsiKinl 'TbeG^u* 
man cavalry bravely shtdm vcbivgis^ 
and stopped the. Ff eneb^^ wiao^ npon-* 
the advance of otbei^tFctepSycfinil)^? 

retreated.^ but oonatderablctecasifas 
inctirredin this i»adfontinfll«r>«£^ 
The army moved iiaffewarda^iqiiMlT 
on tbe latb two of.its^^visiaH^ 
enteied Madridy whrnt^rkmsj/iw^m^ 
reoeifedwilh ^atracariimityniH 

of 



©EHERAL HISTORY.' 



[Hi 



mphbad retired with 
«f tht crntre by the 
i, leaving a garrison in 
la ia the palace of la 

• 

vening of the 13th la 
ihTcctedy and prepara- 
lade for attacking the 
le nent morning, when 
idant of la China sent 
capitulation. Ihe ho- 
ur wrre granted him, 
idering the whole gnr- 
ill the persons in the 
in, with all its maga- 
artillery. The total 
prisoners of all de- 
nounted to 2,500. Of 
ftocc IS9 pit-ces were 
1 a great quantity of 
I, stores^ provisions, 
g. Such were the first 
victory of Salamanca. 
otb-east of Spain the 
pad a reverse by the 
HI attack upon Gen-.*ral 
|Mft8 at Castailn and 
Dcia. Grenerai 0*Don* 
lie army of Murcia^ at- 
' pott of Cnstalia on 
But was defecated with 
boot 3,500 men. His 
I covered by General 
9 bad advanced fmm 
bMipemtc intheentrr- 
^ August J 0th General 
iith aa expedition sent 
|{ttci)y» after hovering 
Aqnr on the coasts of 
Ai¥akBcia,and making 
qiriMif landing in various 
iarked at Alicanr. 
Miicb'had been long 
Mr)fc4b» Spaniards, en- 
Mbag;ail 16th, its gar- 
Hngnftbfee bat lalions, 
mtUutmn of wa r, upon 
fmbbdog excbangfdi 



as noon at circtfmstaiices should 
permit, for Spanish pritmiers. Ttm 
French Grnfial Foy, who marched 
from VaHadolid with a contiderabhi 
Ibrce to raise the blockades of Toro 
and Zamora, and the sieg^ bf 
Astorga, arrived too late lor the 
latter purpose, though be effecied 
the others. 

The desertion of the Idng-cnd- 
tinued blockade of Cadis by the 
French, was another important 
consequence of Lord VVelliii^bn*s 
victory. This city, the seat of 
the Spanish legitimate government, 
had for some years been in a state 
which rendered its inhabitants jAi- 
soners on the land side, and axxh^ 
jectcd them to much distress fmttf 
scarcity and sickness. This wat 
aggravated by the sense of dan- 
ger from a bombard metit, which, 
though distant, had latterly, by^ 
means of improvements in d^ 
struct! ve contrivance, becoitee morb^ 
serious. All the attem(9(s of the 
Spaniards themselves Co break utf 
the blockade had ftiM ; and e\'eS- 
when the eneipy had been obliged 
to withdraw the greatest part t>F 
their troops, the strength of the 
works discouraged any efTort to 
force tliem. But at this period, 
the advance of the allied arniy te 
the centre of the kingdom, and 
the weakened state of the fi'iiradefi 
in the east, whence many retenm 
corps had been recalled to-augment* 
the mighty army destined against 
Russia, rendered it no ]oi>ger sale 
to carry on operations af so many' 
detached poiuts, and concentratibii 
of force was now become neies^ 
sary. On the night of the24tH 
and morning of the 25th of An* 
gust, the French abandoned their 
works opposite to Cadfz and the 
isla, eacept the town of ptfit 

Santa 



\ 



;1543 ANNUAL REGISTER, I8I2. 



i 



fionta Man«> ii4iere a body of 
troops rcmaiiicd till iho middle of 
the day> and tben withdrew to 
Cartuga. Belbre the beaiegers de» 
parted, tb^ employed tbemselvea 
tQ destroying all the forts and 
batteries io the Itoes, affording a 
grapd and gratifying spectacle to 
Cadis of immense fires and soc- 
cessive explosions. They left be- ' 
bind them a very numerous artil- 
fery> mostly rendered, unservice- 
able, and a large quantity of storea 
mod powder onconsumed, testifying 
the precipitation with which the 
fotreat was made» 
. On August I ith in the rooming, 
the French evacuated Bilboa, and 
<m the same and the following day 
it wa^ occupied bj'^ Spanish troops. 
On the lath hoiwever, a French 
force of 3000 men, under General 
Rouget, advanced from Durango 
to recover the town. They gained 
fiossession of its two bridges, but 
were attacked in their position on 
the 14th by a force under Greiterai 
Renovales, who compelled them 
to make a precipitate retreat to- 
wards Zomoza. On the 2 1st the 
French ^;ain advanced towards 
Rilboa with an additional force, 
and made a vigorous atteanpt to 
re-enter it, which was resisted by 
^nerals Mendizat)el and Reno- 
vales, and terminated in a defeat 
of the assailants^ who hastily re- 
treated with considerable loss to 
Purango. 

Immediately after tlie evacuation 
of the lines of Cadiz, the city of 
^ville was also freed from the 
invaders^ On August 27, a com- 
bed force under General La Cru« 
and Colonel Skerret entered Se- 
ville, in which were eight French 
battalions of infantry and two re- 
giments of,cav9lry I and after a tu<« 



mnltuaiy fight in tlie atfoeti , on tha 
bridge, and in the auburba, nSM 
French were driven aot, kavfai^ 
holies, baggage» and effects^ aod 
about two hundred prisonen. The 
inhabitants were so zealoos ifi their 
country's cause, that they nisbefl 
forwani in the midst of a heavy 
fire to lay planks across the bit4rao 
bridge for the passageof the alHed 
troops. About the aame time the 
French evacuated the city and oaa* 
tleof Aroos, in Andahisia, and all 
the \\pt from Guadalete to Rooda* 
blowing up their fortiiicatioDf , and 
destroying cannon and afltuniBH* 
tion. 

Marshal Massena was now e»» 
pected from France, to take tb^ 
conmiand of the army of Bortogal 
(so called by the French), and it 
became necessary for Lord Wet> 
lington to attend closely to ita «>- 
tions. He accordingly quitted 
Madrid on the 1st of September, 
having previously orditied ms tnoops 
to be collected at Arevalo. Fnooi 
that place the army moved on the 
4th, and on the 6th crossed the 
Douro. It advanced into Valladolid, 
the enemy retiring before it on the 
Fuiserga, which river they crossed.' 

At this time, Joseph Btionapertt 
had made a junction with N^rshat 
Suchet in Valencia. The httter 
was posted upon the Xuear, watoh* 
iog the troops uiuler Geneial Msit* 
land, which, after an advance frodtf 
Alicant, ImkI retreated; and %era 
cantoocxl in the villager about ttel 
city. Marshal Soolt wurin Qrt^ 
nada : he had been followed^ \fjf 
BallasteroSf who iiad been aoo- 
cessful in harassing hit rapr. Cdc^ 
dova and Jaen wete deared tfi^ 
the invaders. Geneea^ ^ fiow^^ 
land Hill was at Thiatllo, 
he was to-advanoe toOvopesav 

J/tfd 



« « 



:. GENERAL HISTORY. ' ri55 

- ^Ii«rd i-WeUtegtan conthwed A mine whidr had Wn Ik^i 
jMHowing the enemy who were Under the eKterior line 6f the castle 
vetkin^ upon Burgos } and on exploded on the night of xht '2g\\i, 
4ib^ iOtb he was joined by three and made a breach in tlie wnW, 
•divisions of infantry and a sntali which a party of the assailants im-> 
'l>ody of cavalry of the Gallician mediately attempted to storm 5 biit 
army under General Castanos. On the darkness causing the detai^h- 
Cli^ 17th the enemy were driven to ment which was meant to support 
ibohcightsdose to Burgos, through them to miss its way, they were 
:which city they retired in tlie night, driven off. The superiority of th* 
leaving behind them some stores enemy's fire afterwards prevemed 
and n quantity of provision. A the construction of batteries for 
considerable garrison was placed widening the breach* A. second 
iu the ca^ieof Burgos which com- mine, however, being sprnT»g oil 
joands the passage of the river, and October 4tb, another breach wa^ 
xeterdcd the crosaiug of the allied made, which was immediately 
army till the Jpth. The French stormed with success, and the al- 
liad also fortified with a homwork Hed troops established themselves 
4he hill of St. Michael, three hun- withm the exterior line. The 
dred yards from the castle, and French were still upon the Ebro, 
commanding 8on>e of its works, and made no eiibrt to disturb rhe 
The possession of this hill was a besiegers. Some days previonsly^ 
necessary preliminary to aa attack Greneral Hill was on the Tagus be- 
011 the castie; its outworks were twcen Aranjuez and Toledo. Bal- 
thiirefore immediately occupied by lasteros was at Granada, which had 
the allied troops ; and as soon as it been quitted by Soult, who march« 
^Tvas dark, an assault was made on ed or through Murcia to make a 
t-he horn*work, which was carried, junction with King Joseph. 
but not wiAout considerable los.9. The garrison erf the castle of 
On the night of the 22d, Lord Burgos made sorties on the 5th, 
Wellington, directed that an at- and the 10th, in which they con- 
tempt should be made to storm the siderably injured the works of the 
«4terlor line of the enemy *s works, allies, and occasioned some loss of 
The attack was to have been made men ; the besiegers, however, ef« 
by detachments of the Portuguese fected a breach in the interior line» 
who occupied the town of Burgos, and lodged some troops close to it. 
a^dinvested the castle on the south- Things continued nearly in tho 
west side, while a detachment of same %\nte till the 18th, when Lord 
English under Major Laurie should Wellington having received a sup*^ 
scale the wall in ^ont« The For- ply of ammunition, and completed 
tugaese unfortunately were not able another mine, determined upon 
to overcome the opposition they storming the breach in the second 
met with> and the escalade could line as soon as that should explode. 
not take place. The loss on this The attempt was made with great 
failure was severe. The French gallantry, but the fire of the ene- 
zrmy wa&^now about Pancorbo and my directed to the spot was so 
IJiianda on the Bbro, with their powerful, that the assailants were 
advanced post at Breviesca. obligied to retire with considerable 

loss. 



IS6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



ioa. The bopa of fioal toocen 
DOW grew iaiaicr, especially as th« 
French army began to niake de- 
roonstratioos of a serious design to 
raise tbe.&icge. The army of Por- 
tugal bad been reipfbrced by fresk 
troops £rom France^ and by sU the 
<iisp06able part of the army of the 
Korib, and was now in formidable 
atreogth. On the 13ih they bad made 
a reconoissaoce of the allied out^ 
|>ostsatMouasterio^ and on tbelSih 
tbey bad made an attack in force, 
and gained possession of the heights 
commanding that town, whence the 
outpost bad been obliged to retire. 
Tbey afterwards attempted to drive 
in other outposts^ but for the time 
>vere repulsed. General Hill now 
fcnt intrlligience of the enemy s in- 
tentions on bis side to move to- 
wards the Tagus j and it was be- 
come necessary for Lord Welling- 
ton to be near him^ that their two 
armies miglit not be insulated and 
readered incapable of communica- 
tion. His loidsbip therefore found 
it advisable to take the mortifying 
step, on the night of the 20th, of 
breaking up the siege, and moving 
his whole army bac^ to the Douro« 
He affirms, that he was never very 
aanguine in bis hopes of success in 
, this siege, though the advantage 
l)e would have derived from the 
possession of the place appeared to 
justify a trial. He probably de^ 
pended upon a coup de main, his 
artillery being apparently inade- 
(^uate to reedar operations. The 
time lost before Burgos was, how- 
ever, a serious eviJ, by allowing 
the enemy to collect all his force, 
and was probably decisive of the 
remainder of the campaign. 

The retreat was at tir^t unper- 
ceived by the enemy, who did not 
feltow liU late on the 224 They. 



afterwards pressed cloae on tli« 
fear of the allied army, makii^ at« 
tacks with their cavsdry ai>d lig^ 
troops whenever they bad mn o|^ 
portimity, in which conftderablo 
loKes were sustained. On the 2^^^ 
the array took up its ground ob 
the Carrion; and on the 26tJi 
reached Cabegon, where it cromok 
the Pisuerga. The enemy having 
found means t9 pass that river. 
Lord WellingtoB broke up from Car 
be^on, and crossed the Douro an 
the 29th. Finding that the Freocb 
were in full naarch to TofticstUai^ 
he marched again on the 20tli, and 
posted his army on the hdghts be- 
tween Rueda and that town i^ 
polite to the bridge. He con- 
tinued in that position on NoveOH 
ber 3d, the enemy having noade iw 
attempt to cross the Dwo, zlpog 
which river their army W9» «b^ 
tended from Toro to VaDadolkL 
The allied troops were withdnwB 
from Madri4» having first dotn^ 
eti the fort of La Cbiua^ and aA 
the stores and guus it contained,. 
which had not been carried aws^# 
A body of tbe enemy cDtered tte 
capital on November i. Sir Aov^. 
land Hill, who bad rt^red fimof 
the Tagus, and taken post^Kitbft 
Jacama, was directed to quit tjhit. 
position, and march aortb.waid8r 
and in the begitming of Koffeah^ 
ber he arrived ^mclestitd OQjihft 
Adaja. r 

The bridge of Toro havioi^ hcfli 
repaired by the en^my iKKmer ti^Ni 
Lord Wellington kad eapoctad* }» 
directed Sir Rowland Ifili ie icqih. 
tique his march upon AlUAf(ll9(T<x:4 
noes, and on Novmahrr' ^: hr 
binuelf broke ytp^ frooi*hiaip«iil«M> 
before TordesiUasi ai^, pro0iede4> 
for the Uetgbts.of Si, Clmi(b»>iija' 

front 0f Salamanca 4 OAtbc^thhe^^ 

took 



GENERAL HlSTORr. 



(isf 



podtion on those heights ; 
D the Mine day Genernl 
ipied the town and castle 
{XMling troops on the Tor- 
npport them. The cne* 
the lOth^ having brought 

Ibrces near ttie positions 
ilies on the Tormes, at- 
le troops in Alba with a 
ble body of infantry, and 
eces of cannon ; but tind- 
they made no impression, 
tdrew at night. On the 
e enemy having crossed 
les in force. Lord Wei- 
"oke up from St. Christo- 
moveci with an intention 
them; b«.it finding them 
gly posted, he withdrew 
jops from the ncighbour- 
Vlba to the Arapilrs, or 
ear Salamanca which had 
icene of his victory. Find- 
be 15lh, that the enemy 
agthening their positions, 
iog on bodies to inter- 
»mmunications of the al- 
f with Ciudad Rodrigo, 
lip determined to move 

place, which he reached 
gtbj followed by a large 
he enemy, wliich, how- 
a6t press upon his rear. 
« was sustained from a 
Stn passing a river; and 
(t-General Sir Edward 
i^ tbe misfortune to be 
■oner, as he was riding 
HJHh tf wood. Lord Wel- 
ld:nsfUon to believe that 
iif0f thtf enemy's dispos- 
iiHid* Bpon the Tormes in 
i'^^fhit month, and he 
v^iHiti at 80 or (>0,000 
P'dOt^^pieces of cannon. 
|4tli'-oSf November, the 
riM -^ I ha allies were 
lilrtifd It Fre)iiadi on 



the Portnguese frontier^ and the 
greater part of the enemy's forces 
had recrossed the Tormes. and 
were marching towards the Douro; 
General Hill had withdrawn south* 
wards to Coria, in Estremaduia. 

Such, in its main points, wtv 
the peninsular campaign of the 
year 1612; for the nomerous con- 
flicts between the guerilla panics 
and the scattered forces of the in* 
vaders, besides that they arc repre- 
sented in totally different coloun 
by the several antagonists, had too 
little influence on the general re- 
sult to require a particular narn^i 
tive. It will be seen, that the ri- 
gorous eflhrts made by Lord Wel- 
lington to penetrate to the centre 
of Spain, and take advantage of 
the weakened condition of the 
French, whose ruler had in this 
year dirested the chief force of his 
empire to a very distant quarter/ 
formed the great chain of events. 
They obliged the invaders to with- 
draw their forces from the soutb- 
em provinces, to break up the 
lines of Cadiz, which' had so lon|^ 
held the Spanish government in 
inglorious fetters, to remain merely 
on the defensive on the eastern 
coast after the capture of Valencia, 
and to concentrate all their dispos- 
able force against the progress of 
the conqueror at Salamanca. That- 
they were at last successful, and 
that the high hopes of the British 
nation, elevated by repeated tri- 
umph, were flnsilly frustrated, only 
proves that the strength and acti- 
vity of the French in Spain were 
greater than had been calculated 
upon, and, probably, that the ex- 
ertions of the Spaniards were as 
much les«. The conduct of Lord 
Wellington obtained universal ap- 
plause and admiralibn frond his 

country- 



MS] ANNUAL REGISTER, M12. 

tcmntrymen, and was repaid bf characfer on tfak occslbicd ; a ^Ml 

inore booours and rewards thaa impressed by the commaodei'-ili^ 

liai been bestowed on any British chief himself. Lord Wellingtoii^ 

general since (be lime of Marlbo* in an address to bis anny» has, in 

soogh. In the course of the yeax the face of his country, and all £q* 

be added to his former titles those rope, reproached it vitb a waot of 

f^£arl and Marquess, and received discipline, ^eater» be says, than 

il'om parltanfient the most substan* any army with which he had rrcx 

^al pr<iofs of the nation's gratitiade. served, or of which he iiad ever 

That be could have done more re^. He {nroceeds : '* It must be 

than he effected, no one has ven- obvious to every officer, that from 

tared to surmise } but whether it the moment the troops commenc^ 

^as Mnthm the duty, or the power, their retreat from the neighbour- 

<if the English ministry to have hood of Burgos on the 4me hand, 

placed htm at the head of a greater and from Madrid on the other, tbe 

force, will be differently judged of olHcers lost all command over the^ 

according to the opinion formed of men. Irregularities and outragi? 

the importance of the contest, and efaU descriptions were coromUted 

the resources of the country. That with impunity; and losses hate 

'his army muse have b^n much di* been sustained which ought netex 

sotiiiahed by the severe service to to have occurred.** It is to jbe 

which it was put, could not be hoped that his lordship's fcelir^ 

-doubted J and they who were ac- have given a degree of exagge^ 

.qtiainttfd with its state must have tion to his expressions ; otherwile 

ib«3en apprized of its inadequacy to it is difHcult to conceive bow siA 

effect the great things which were troops can recover the esteem 'of 

fondly expected from it; at the their countrymen, or dcseirve tlK 

aame time, so many other demands confidence of their aliies. 
pressed upon the purse and the po- We shall now take a view of t|le 



pulation of Great Britain, and its transactions of the Spanish 

internal condition was so disturbed, and Government during a petiod 

that it is not extraordinary if sup- so fertile of important events to tbe 

.pUea to maintain this distant war . nation. That many persons mre 

were dealt with a sparing hand. dissatisfied with the ptt)cee£|ifs 

The public has never been ac- of the Cortes^ and were piobid^ 

quainted with the extent c^ the jealous of a design in that body^to 

losses sustained by the allied army perpetuate its power mider a ie- 

•in this campaign •, but there is no publican constitution, app^tted 

doubt that they must have been from a speech of one cf the vi^stOr 

retf considerable. In particular, bers, Senor Vera, en Decenober 29- 

. its retreat from Burgos to its winter After a severe censure of their coo- 

quarters, pursued by a superior duct, he moved the foUowii^ {^ 

and enterprising foe, though con- positions : ' 1. That a new ragmy 

ducted with great military skill, should be forthwith appoiiltea, and 

could not fail of being very disas- at its head a personage of the l<qrpal 

Irons. But more than its loss of fiunily, invested with the ftdl |b«- 

men, lK>rse9, and equipage, is to be ers of king according to tbe cOQiti- 

. lamented the stain incurred by its tuticm* 3. That such pmoor be 

empowered 



GENERAly HISTOUY. 



[150 



tnojpowered to treat with friendly 
qr oeutral powers with regard to 
the maiDtenance of the armies, 3 . 
That within the period of one 
month precisely, the discossions 
^n the constitution be terminated, 
the regency be appointed, and the 
congress be disscJved. 4. That the 
Cortes do not reassemble till the 
year 1813, according to the con- 
stitution. A warm discussion then 
took pl^ce, in which the elo- 
quent and and patriotic Scnor Ar- 
guelles appeared as the principal 
fkiender of the Cortes. On the 
succeeding day he moved the fol- 
lowing comiter-propositions : 1. 
That no royal person be placed at 
tlie head of the regency in the ab- 
.sence of Ferdinand Vil. 2. That 
the ordinary Cortes be convoked at 
the precise period required by the 
. constitution, and that the exbting 
Cortes do not separate till the re- 
gency is arranged, the council of 
. state, . and ths supreme tribunal of 
. jostice appointed, and the general 
treasury and the tribunal of ex- 
chequer accounts organised. 3. 
.That on the dissolution of the 
CorteiL a deputation of sixty of 
their body remain, clothed with 
ample powers for watching over 
ibe constitution, &c. till the next 
Cortes be assembled. 4. That a 
special committee be appointed to 
devise the proper means for brings 
ing to a speedy issue the great ob- 
ject of organising the government. 

The issue of this debate was, 
that the propositions of Vera were 
rejeoted, and those of Arguelles 
appointed for discussion. 

On the 2d of January the Cortes 

disctissed a project presented for 

, tjbie improvement of the system of 

«governmeot, when the following 

^propositions were approved : That 



\n the present cinmmslsnces them 

shall be appointed twenty counseW 
lors of state, of whom two only 
shall be ecclesiastics; two only 
grandees of Spain ; and the sixteea 
others taken from persona who 
serve, or have served^ in diploma^ 
tic, military, economic, or magis* 
terial offices i and who have di»> 
tinguished themselves by their ta- 
lents, knowledge, or services: of 
these^ at least six from the pro- 
vinces beyond the seas. A number 
of articles were then read and ap- 
proved respecting the.obligatiovM 
and powers of the regency. 

The change of the regency socm 
took place, in which the Duke del 
Iniantado, then resident minist«r 
in £ng]and, was declared presi- 
dent, and the count of Lavistal 
(O'Donnel) vice-president. The 
members of the late regency were 
nominated counsellors of state. 
The new regency, on January 23, 
issued an address to the Spanish 
nation, urging them in energetic 
language to make ^very possible 
exertion for the safety and inde- 
pendence of the country, and not 
concealing the imminent dangers 
with which it was surrounded. 
The actions of this body, corre- 
sponded with their words ; they 
were vigorous, prompt, and deci- 
sive: a variety of reforms wero 
made, and attention was particu- 
larly paid to recruiting and disci- 
plining the regular army, and to the 
formation of officers fit to be in- 
trusted with command. 

The Regency, in March, direct- 
ed a circular address to the people 
of Spanish America, setting Ibrth to 
them the arduous struggle in which 
the mother country wasengaged with 
an implacable loe, and the salutary 
labours of the Cortes in forming a 

coa« 



160] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



constitution for the general hcncfit ; 
and expressing their ho])c tiiat 
their American brethren wonid aid 
the caii^ by a vohintary subscrip- 
tion among all ranks and t b^^ses, to 
tc dt'positfd in ilif. r»^yal chests, 
and remitted to Spain. 

Tlie Cortes, about this time, 
gave a furtlier proof nl the lilKralily 
of their scntimcnis, by a decree to 
enable all Spanish subjects of 
Moorish origin, cither by the 
father's or mother's side, to take 
tltgrccs in the u»'iversitics, and to 
enicr the religious orders, or ihe 
pri' sthood — pnvilc-ges of which 
tjrm^r bigotry had df^privetl them. 

l.'lvi 18th of March presented 
an august jind interesting spectacle 
to tiie citizens of Cadiz, and to 
all the Spaniard'' as'^rmbled lor the 
purpose of \virne<isin»j the com- 
pletion of ihe labours of their re- 
presentatives. On that day the genc- 
lal and extraordinary Cortes held a 
solemn sitting for the purp<^se of a 
public signature of the articles of 
the constitution. Deputies from all 
parts of the Spanish monarchy were 
present, and IBi persons sigi;ed 
two copies of the (onstitntion. A 
decrte which had been apprnvcd at 
a seaet sitting was then read, re- 
lative to the succession to the 
crovi'n, tlie obji'Ct of which was to 
gaard against its coming into the 
possession of those who were just- 
ly considered as enemies to the 
national independt nee. It was to 
tJ)e folio win j; c fleet : ** The gene- 
ral and extraordinary Cortes, con- 
sidering that the welfare and secu- 
rity of the state are incnmpauble 
with the concurrence <jf ciraim- 
itonce^i in the persons ot ihe Infant 
Dot! Francisco de Paula, and the 
Inl'anta Donna Maria Louisa, 
Queen of £truria^ brotlier and 



sister of Don Ferdinand V 
resolved to declare and dcci 
the I n fa n t Don Franci sco d 
and bis deMC«*ndants, »nd 
fantH Donna Maria Louisa 
descendants, remain exclud 
the succession to the crow 
Sptins. In consequence, 
fault of the Inf.nit Don 
Maria and his legitimate c 
ants, the Infanta Doniu i 
Joaqnina, Princess of the 
and her legitimate deso 
shall come to the sncarssio 
crown : and in default of h 
then Donna Maria Isabt 
ditary Princess of the two 
and her legitimate dexenda 
in default of tht^e three 
n*lativrs of Ferdinand V 
their descendants, then »h 
ct-ed the other persons ai 
who ou.»ht to succeed acco 
the constitution, in the oi 
form which it has establish! 
the same time the Cortes 
and decree excluded from i 
cession to the crown of th( 
the Archduchess of Austria 
Maria Louisa, daughter of 
II. Emperor of Aastria« 
tirst marriage, as also thee 
ants of the said archducha 
A commission was thep \ 
ed to carry ihe constttuda 
Regency, which received 
profound respect, and eog 
(guarantee its observance if 
Spanish dominions. O9 
20th, all the deputies assec 
th*' hall of congress to s«q 
constitution ; wbicb bei^g ( 
ed, the l\egeney entord .( 
and with due soleninity'^'j 
oath of oflTice prescriiy4i 
173d articl;: of th<' CQP^ 
11)c p:e>ident oi .the, CoC 
actdrcssed the Rcgeefi]^ j 



Mivi^ dBMQ 'irith  An of tbv ttft^xti tne 'nWu'IHi 

JM^orillecoiiMl- prMoritien «H« pbt t« tiM foiU 

k'l^iod fioDcr, al aadaauuiAodllynnihywM: I.tW 

B^lS aitOuMidor wa ttae Mint ihMldltt ftrtVefMi^ 
liilied: X. ¥bit the ladiini kfad« 

led lo to ncmpted from' the fawHit 

the cenenl Itt^jce Ui^ glW ihC dergf .tirt^ 

teffT Cortei^ •ignif/. otb«r pAbllc fotactidDtiy «>httirM} 

[ii n prorlded in ihv »bligiite tbeia, MnrdWlt^i,' * 

jaiat (be Cortet bo Mii^ ttte ^rbddal rishb, 1b ^ 

itr year, tnd that the now nkuiiwr H tlK mmx dukilr 

WTCT 8. Tltat the rtibHc (ftti^, MGlt 

pre- utbe reboildini ofclhin;hn,'«(ii 

tioB, nuking roadi, abotdd be: t^Anlft 

con- borne bj all the iohAiitift* iodlP' 

that erinni[ntclx:'4. "tbK tSfAAitit dF 

mtlea lands Amid be nide ttf lUtln* 

in be ^ni. leaviog to t he prbVinrilil. dl^ 

udi, putie* the care of ViitDiiirfA; di^ 

e m qnotii: J.Th*tIttfaa>M^&M>i 

lion, can tcrritorlcii, umt: of 'tht! >fbttfi 

tei> (tea kboiTM secHHariiy mbai&'mll 

ceted tbe Indiaitt. 'hte polWy n ««3l 

la. ujuaties Af thm cndteAVodrttl^'tb 

M In condlliTethUtnnehUfiiffedfin'ilF 

pflf- Ibe colcmral popiibfloD to titt'tti^ 

(Qcb tber -eMDtry, by icdteauilr tlii 

bat ii crael wnXtfgi tinder trhlcft ft Kai'tb 

Mof long giMhed, Uciridnit} 'and tf% 

unU* baabernacoOae^tlBitebr^taa 

u tbe war kto^ed In 'tbOH 'tipm VIk 

danta tween tbe MtiVe hnd .trimiallWnle 

fa the l^niardi, the MenAi 6f buiAaMlJr , 

^diz, may be gniifiAil by *oiAe ctiin^* 
nt of utioa fyt the evils of «hf£hUlll 

War hsabero tht cMit. 
a Oc- la the Matoricd acoooht of lIM 

I long iMt \etT, Doike *ai lAtnVf tli6 

con* jntoiuy ^^evaiting Hi tht SpalU^ 
d in- nation of any aiteiapt to place 
1 the their annlet andrr Bc!tlth CMii- 
kfiiu, tnand. The great «nrceM'«bdbj^ 
(ulrAd nierita rf Lord WelllngtOQ in m* 
KT of campaign of (hit y«ar ofercari)^; 
: land. In ibe genttal fckling, Ihii repot- 
oihrr nance at far ^KftumbitpltMni 
tMJ mi 



l€fii ANN/U-AL REGISTBB,-.iai2. 

idelevated noo on tti«.Ds|iealR)[pftfi«^<l>EI!S 

jT.tDdcc. pC rare, ibc Bn^eUry at . wax, , cm^j 

a strongest Octob-r 30, rwd bofone (be Ccau^ 

Itid conE-. a nicmnrial (wtricb Mas priQt^) 

dcrda'iog (ctiiiig ferib the dcptufable atai«. 

Ef of tbe of ihe country. wiie(i the B«gencfi 

, in Qorssr auumr^ ibe reuiiff gxferanxii^ 

meiii, hii and thr a<idlllOIla.^^bicb bad bceK, 

tg General made to iu military foi9«^,<)uni^ 

jeuecul of the presenl year, \vi<ll ,tha UN;-; 

Hedly pne provcm^nl of iii prosprclt jSificQ; 

1 aciive of the capture if Ciudad iStxIrigo bg 

■», t'lmove Lord Wdliog^Dn. It also toenr 

hUh»naur tioned ih.i> oiiler« has bccu MOLbit, 

eKJclered it the generals in cbiet ol' the arn^es. 

laiion.lhat to act in concert with,.. and. ia^ 

Inaleiter obedience to, the Puke oC Ci^dbf^ 

I the war- Bodrigo. , j r,.\ 

I, tie staled Such was the general .^tatp oj^ 

[i.>e of this affairs in Spiiin louatds ilic oipfa^ 

<l,il, to bis ot lbl2; meliorated, no duiibtt't 

ludid with by ibe liberation of ttie srM .oi-. 

wal armies guvernmcnt fioaia hosiile hlcKrk^ 

a>^licd their ade, and by ihe rtc«ye^ of lievfT^ 

) ibe nomi- ral of (be soulhern provinces JfcW] 

•fi bU cm- the yoke^ of the invadVri, 1^ 

I his bame, manifcatly displaying thefiec«f^jL 

Lworld that of much mwe vigoruui< and f»ah>£ 

DO private bined ctToris on the. part 9f _(U. 

regard to tiadoD to eficct the expulsion Oj^ 

f his cuun- the lue, and secuis its. iifdi-peod^ 

however, ence> than have yet ber^n snadcw 

I an infrac- even upon (hir suppotittun ihai ihe^ 

due to ibe French arms shall con(uii)e to 6ai. 

any perwn so much occiipaiion in other part^ 

ig imder it; a* to prrveDi any considerable tCT 

lainiiiig 'he cruit to ibeir loice in the Peoin-^ 

ge of Don snla. A plan hai since bt«D opeu-^ 

) command ed bj* Lord Wellii'gioQ, of a con- 

ipjininieDlf nected system ot military coiib>., 

luimVirues mand and operation through ibc 

in hU steaij. At tiie samp time whole country, whUb. if oarrifeC 

BaU-isieros was put under arrest in into execution, may ptoduc? «fc<^ 

tbe niidat uf his army, which much more considerate 0i^,.c^- 

jaat^e no resistance, and reteivt-d be rxpciicd from the dt^^uO; 

PD ordiT to depart t(ir Ceuia. To eSbns of guerillas apd det^-h^ 

Pbvute afijr ur.iavoufable impiet; fvila; but wbctlier niUgonal^j^^ 



GENERAL lirSTORY. [iW 

uid pTr]udic«a will permit might poasibly be made 'by ihJ!^ 

3^. Menu St tbepit-seiit encmr- Of theie. thry iprclfy' 

rufdoobt. theihrceti^lowing; 1. Allprrami' 

kii^dcxnofPortugaldurlng c.ipahle of bearing nrms mutt btt 

reajojred ihnt exL-mption exm-tsed in tlie uk ot tbein j aoJ' 

mtile drvastarioos whiih thote wtiO'-e age or kx unlit tb<m' 

Q aecored by the cKcitiuni for milhary service, must Uk6' 

^t definli-r. in erriipied mrasure* by anticipation fbr re"' 

bat irrupiionfifiheP-ench pairing to phcr.i of RccuHiy in' 

lower Brira whicb v-as in- caae Cir<-uni-.lan(-n nball make It 

I a dii'c Kion in tavour uf neceuarv : 2. They muit caiYy off 

iben QiidT siege by Lord or concal all iininey, Rclil, silver," 

'•>a. Oi>poiiuiiiiy <*aa or jewels wblch mii^bt tempi the 

 given for the operaiions avarice of the enemy: 3. They 

Iture, and the other means must carefully C')ncea1, or if ne- 

jy from the severe cala- cessaiy dis'roy, all proviiiona ibat 

bad undencoKe; and ii cannot l<e CJ'ned oft, and remove; 

e duuhtrd ibal th^ sLim c^iitlr and carriages, in order to 

ry derived from Eni;l !.li deprive tiie invader of means «F 

, and ihe expenditure uf luosiBinnce and advac'Ce. 

bb irotips in ihc.r )Mssage Tliai iheP'irtug<>ese|;overnmeiit 

Lisbon, niateriilty aii.lrd did not entirrly dep-nd upon ihif 

ICC* nf the country. The country for uelraying the expense- 

of Manhnl Berrtford and of a war, a principal object of 

iritv of Lord Wellin^ion which wai ibe »«urity of 'ha(_ 

id the mitil iry establi'-b- kiii(;dom, wasevince<1 bv tbeaue^- 

Pmutia' upon a v<.-ry re- iio:i of Lord Liverpool when, in 

rofitine ; and before the Ma.ch, a tnes^age was broughi (6. 

itll I there were nuniherfd pHrluimenl from the Princt- Rr-^ent, 

1 of ihe iii'e and in gar recommeuiling the coniinfla'ne of 

Qve 64.01X3, rf miliiin the subsidy paid to Portugal Hit 

and of Die ordcnanza, ]<ji' ihi]i suid, ibat it would be  

aOly w'h pikes, partly IT^i^! 'kc to suppose tbit tliiti sub- 

ikcti, shove :2(K), 000. Uf sidy of two miljions titriiue wu 

ii», a large proportion adequate even lo the m libry ex^ 

Htib the iHiieii armv to penaes of thai cnuntry: W that 

ai on variuu» occasions its government had advanced. In 

j^t crt dit. addition, the sum of i ,ti<M,CXXil. 

nrpiry 13, the govern- Thn ireity of amity, naviga- 

'ftrtttgal is-ucd a pioria- lion, and co. "merue between Por- 

ttfanued to the people in tugal nud Russia, concluded at 

Cno^riiig their past and Peicnburgb in 1798, now draw. 

ftie, ind although point- ing to a termination, 1 renewal <rfit 

r' t|^rovemrnt of their wasagreedupon by the twoparties, 

^IH shewing the i>rces- to reronio in fotce ril) June lbl5, 

jufictau^ioaat^- atcaiLires with no o.iier alteratio;. than an 

Hip' IttuUea inioadt as addition ;o the duty on Pottugnese 
[M 'i] wine* 



liS4] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



winw imported into Russia, ror- 
respnnding to the additional duties 
since laid upon other wines. 

The remjinder of tlie vear offers 
nothing rrmarka'nle with respect 
to thixpart of the Peninsula, which, 
piaitly hv the exTtions of il'^ own 
trcops under F>riiish command, hnd 
the satisfaction to see its security 



from the common enemy g 
improved during the operatii 
this cam pHii;n, by the rtcovj 
the stTOPg h»rl reuses ot C 
Rodri«^n and Badajus from ihi 
scshion of the French, and 
retreat fiocu the other piirts 
frontier. 



 : I 



'1 



 ■• V 



!l 



.« -'ij«j 



f 




GENERAL HISTORY.* £l«* 



CHAPTER XVII. 

tranee-'^Dccrit amcermn^ Valencia — French occupation ff StveJrsfi 
Fomerama-'^Report by Murat — March of the Atmy tarwarcU Po^ 
land-^'Treaty %vith Prussia^^DecrM infjfucur of American — KufoUorf 
arrives at Dantxic — Negociutions-^Treaty wth Austria — Pafiers rc^ 
lativc to the Differences ivith Rmsia — ^Aihwrnce of the French tiy 
lVlina*-^PoUsh Diet and Confederation -^Bi^a^' Affiance keHueejft 
England, Russia^ and Siuedm — Russians qnk their Camp em th& 
Duna, and French cross that Rh^er — Various Actiims-^DuneLberg 
taheth^moknsio carried ky the French — Action of VaUtttiiuf — Ai"** 
^ance^ towards Mosc&w — Greet Battle of Bomdinoi--^ French enter 
Moseouf-^Con^gratitm of that Capital — Enserprsife rfthe Garrison of 
RigO'^ Alarms at Petersburgk — Advanced Guard of the French 
defeated'^Moseo^w evacuatee^Success of Wifgenstein at Polotzk^-^ 
Conspiracy at Paris — Negndations attended ivith the RutsitMs-^ 
French retreat'^y'ttrious ActioTis^—Davoust and Nty defhated-^Dread^ 
. ful sufferings of the French*^ Napoleon guits the army, and arrives c4 
Pearis^-^AMr esses of the Senate and Council, and RefHeS'^Condusion: 



THE French Emperor, on his ordinary domain of effects in th« 

return from his tour in the province of Valencia to the amoonb 

Low^ Countries at the latter part of of a principal of 200»000,000 liir. 

181 1> was evidently meditating a ordering at the same time that the 

grand stroke for the purpose of Prince of Neufchatel shall transmit 

terminating his differences with to the intendant-general of that 

the court of Pr:ter.>burgh in a man-^ domain a statement of the genefals^, 

ner conformable to that continental odicers, and soldiers of his armies 

system which he bad made the in Spain, particularly in that of 

base of his policy ; and the fate of Arragon, who have distingobbed 

the Peninsula was to be a secon- themselves, in order that thev 

daiy consideration in his counsels may receive proofs of his imperiH 

till the other object was obiainrd. munificence. 

tn the mean time, he was not un- The first military operation oC 

mindful of that plan of attaching bis Napoleon which can be conudered 

generals, and soldiers by rewards, as connected with his iMrtbeni 

at the cost of the vanquished, projects, was the occg|fitt^ et 

^hich has been discernible in all Swedish Booijerania. lut^nuary^ 

his wars. By a decree issued from | body of 20,000 trcnciS troops» 

the Tuilleri^es on January 21 ^ he de- as it is said» under General Priant, 

<)ares the anmcjuttion to his estra- entered that proviooe. The capi- 

ul, 



ItS[L AVirUXL KEGTS.TERsJlllS. 



Ibitifiedy ^^idi a small garrison> ixig any thmg. ^ ^ rr . a 

nadtt BO reilstance to a colood . The Fraodi ooiui^rai^TO aaMi9»^ 

D^ was eeot to take ponettton of hdd a sitting <ui. Marob KV #f(n 

it on the 26th, and wfaorequlrrd wbicb the Dukeof Bassaio (M^n^ 

qdtfiera and pit>viBioni» saying, niinistrr Ibr Ibrdgo aQair% '4cBr: 

in antwer to a demand of payment vered in. a'report^ ibe wbpisBncf^ ; 

f(br tbejattcr, *^ It is our custom of which Mms an tovacthre «gau^ 

and bitlers, that the country in the maritime pc^icy of EagJaM^r 

yMck we are «faoiild ftmiisb ns and an exposition aitd eu^gy^r 

witbererythii^ttaedfek** Friant ail the meatoiea tf|k«Q hy-^tha^ 

entered on the idkiwing day ; and Emperor tor afisertlng tht lihiarty; . 

>9hea the! Swedish general Feyron' of the seas^ and retaHfKiog.-hfsti- 

idlbrmed him tfafltthe nbooki resist arbkraxy Oioasures/ tp^lhta pwc^ 

thd' ocoopatioQ of^ the Isle of itis expltcklf declared^ .ihsitc^MiB.: 

fio|^eii^ Am French general told the British orders ^^oiancQ^ i^a- 

bim jtMbesvashis^msoDer, and retcii^drd, and the 4)rifioif4eft ^ 

etvealtonthecuinom^hoiisa. A thetreatyof Utseoht to^^n^r^a «eBn 

tly of SOfKtmen was drawn out trais are again io full v^gm9U l^h^ 

^fish ttfe mteatioR of marcfaiog to Berlin aod Milan de<3eea ,wiXk i^ti 

Bogen ourr.theice; bot the licu^ meto against those powcrsr 5^>^ 

tenant fwfao' oommaDded a small aUow their flags ta,b#4c)|iati9iifr: 

feetreas tbcre^'Tosolntely declaring alised." A M^^rt^ tjtiiijpai^ktffr^ 

thaihe wai4drq3el£orce byiorce^ of warfoUows, whit^hh^sbiaAyif^- 

the^ \if^ii^ (or the present remand* tdling the £mpercMr that f^^^^b^^ 

ed^fThe. purpose of this unwar* greatest part «f hif. ^^(j^astfkr 

rantabke seiaore of^ Pomerania was troops l^ive been called ont' fi( fhfe 

evidently^ that the Ffeuck Emperor territory for tbf - d^l4»l^.*of ^bi^ 

itaght hare apledge in his hands grand Lntece^ wb|pb,9rptCMp9iplR^ 

t«rinflnenee the conduct of Sweden the preponderaiice, of ^ the^ enyajiY^ 

in the^ipproacbing cootest. Rugeo and maintain thQ Idf^ai^ ^rtj llc^in 

xjraB al^erwards t)ccupted by tbe decreesso&tait0Engla]M}«*'r Jl^pef^ 

French, the v^^iscli and packets on on tostate (he tncoQaoni^p^.^l^fhi^. 

the coast were detained for their have ariHcn from, cic^ti^^ting tkf^ 

secrice,»and the French colours guard of the maritima ploot^ift^ 

wer^f bcnstcd in place of the Swe- eHtablishqientSt during tb^ab^f^QPIt 

drihi. ' In'Fcbraanr* a fleet arrir. of tbe troops of tha. Knffy jt^ ,4jbit> 

htg ofF' Stralsuad with General fifth battalions^ depots p^ 9Wini^ 

Engdbi^dif en board, to ascer- troops; apd it proposals a ]#vi^i^l^ 

tA|n tbe state ttf the French tnops of tbe national, gtwdt i^t^ihtjei^ 

.if! Portieraoiat and bring back those bands, of wbiph the/finH:!^ ^^o* h% 

of' Sweden, no communication composedof all thf;QPD#OF^pft:ii$i99^ 

with thb fihore was permitted, and 18()6 to 1812 whQ'hty.e m^nMe^: 

aHtKi^Nii^pondrnce with the general called to the s^tto^r. ^^^tMiifftawfc 

^s^^tmed i>7 the JFrench com^ since marrted»out^..H^I|i<^c{)||qi^ 

Mtritoiv «< tint Skn fleet was are to bo fqrmedi cfoii)^^ HMnb 



?0£.KESAL HISTORY. [iO; 

t^'Antheioavtdntf. tint wardi tfae Bnsnm bor^. -Tl^ey 

ifOfrounc, unanlmomly cimted ifae Vuiula to ibe mmber' 

to li«!iuri»-coi)icalrum It of 80,000; abotit (he aoth, and af-' 

e tfegtrArd as an jrxJicatinn terwardt look pooeasion of £ibing 

i w^idte ttrmgth of the and Konigsberg. 

Mfrfrc waiabout to be piit Napnleoo Idi Parii on ibr gth' 

Mne mighty effort. of May, accampasied by the Bm-  

la'the spring. The Ftvnrh piesa and the Prince of Neufchstd : 

Htcd lo thai of the Confe- (Bmhier), and proceeded to Metzw 

of tbe Rliine, wa* in Some time befure hit departure bs 

> the fronHert of Poland, had issued a decree lending to con*- 

M-1 of March, the field ciliate ibe Ameiican goverament 

oT NapolMm bad reached to France { ihc tenor of which wWf 

, '-Ind Marshal Nej had that in coiMequence of ad act o£i 

■•inarten at Weimar A 2d of March 18] I, by which tba 

fibe troop* of Prania had Congrua of the United Staiet'. 

ittt at his dinposal, the enaeicd nemptions from tbe piD>: 

'•^4tf that country having visioniof thr non-intercoune-act.-f 

Htcd In thia month to ra- which prohibit tbe entranoe intfft 

ta^ Of alliance with the the Araericanport* toiheabipsand/ 

Cinperor, wliich was de- goods of Great Britain, of iia oo* 

tifeiiiive' against all the lonirsand deiMrndencirs; tonsider-*; 

ta^Esro^e with which ei- ing the inid law ai an act of re-' 

^contracting parties ha* sisianceto ihcarbitrary prrtendona- 

(V ahatl enter into war, consecrated by the British OrdeiK' 

l^roenlly guaranteeing to in Council, and a formal rcfutat 

le^ the' iniegrity of ibeir lo adhere to a system derogatory tO' 

tfMter^.That tbe Prussian tbe independence of aeniral paw*: 

ikited for sane time to en; it ii decreed, that the decnes 

if' <he great powera he of Berlio and Milan are definltivo>' 

nt Rhmplf, since neither ly, and tniiti ibe 1st of November 

-Mfe mely n> luffer him last, considered as Derer havii^ 

B'Wtliet'; iaterypmbable, taken place witb ngard to Ame^ 

Ifttifilviince of the French rican vemeli. ' 

tM ^t an end (o Im inde- Tbe French emperor and cm- 

MmW (bis lime great pn-ss readied Dresden on tbe l6^- 

i0ttt ttttking in Ibe Fienih whf re they were to meet tbe eio* 

IMuiuI In Spain. Siime peror and rmpmu of Germany. 

I# 4Ptlfe imperial guard. Before this time the emperor AleK- 

IB'fMAit-gfniextR, which ander, «ho had left Peteniburgh 

jtaAtPvMenniby ilicir Her- on April 2]st, waa at Wiln^ 

taMibdtatty, were marched where wat General Barclay da 

H^iNMIirolhiTii, drroliilras Tolly, general-incfaief of ibe fint 

CbMy raw troops, were in army of the west. Jn the begiii> 

ip'WIqtl^ ibem. In the umgnfMay, the hr«d quarters o£ 

nitMt-' Uoop>-0f= ell the the diilte of Abrantei (Junot) we«9 

French cominnnd at Glogaii in Silesia, and tba 

> proceeding lo- French and allied troop* of which 
bit 



l?83i ANKVJLt llEai»TBR, l«S^ 

h\» arftiy ocMlf^ vorii canMied l^tM^e tfmtm nffimt 

OD both binkt of tb« Oder* Ai cwto|O0rod« 
numerous oocpt of Prusfiaiit was The inuiMdkUo 

at^embHflg at Brealaa ondcr Fields of hosiilides V9as pecedid b)rtti#- 

lAarsbal Count Kalreuth. Qutu* pobHcatkm at Faiis of certain 

tif(§ tbe fe<>ttvitie8 at Dresden* Na- pen, tbe first of which 

poleon aoddenly appeared at Dant-* addressed on April 261k, <bf 

sle on June 7th, where he took a Duke of fifei8<iano» roiolarcr of !». 

vtew ci Che diffinicnt points of the reign relations, to CaOnt Bemaa* 

coast. At tbia period, negotiationa zow. Chancellor of- Roiat». la 

aaem to have been carrying on be- this paper, after a statement oiAm 

tweon the two emperors; and a stipulationsof the treaty of Tilsit, 

aUspieiOA generally puevailod that and the pnbUo wronga inafRiledt» 

tbe fiaifsiah would be so much the English cabinet, the wntet 

oferawed by the terrible storm pipoceeds to oomplatn of the aten-^ 

iospcnding over hira> that his (trm- donikieot by Russia of the priaci« 

DMs wodd give, way ; whilst it pies of that treaty, and of her ta» 

VKaa very oertaift that Napoleon, in g^ement to make eommoo cmam 

the eoafidenca of power and former with France, The firai OBBae:Qf 

sEdCdeas^ would not yield a single comphdnt is the okaae whieb 

pokit in a oontast which ^d opened the ports of Rnasin to aH 

aeensftd'to him important enough ships laden with Bngllah ookMHal 

lo juftify aueh vast preparations, produce, Enj^ish property^ pMK 

it was, Jiowever, an advantage to vided they were under a fbreisB 

Aleaander, that the destmctive flag. The next is, the oppostida 

#ar between Risssia and Turkey made l^ Rnssta to the Fmkiii an* 

Iras at length teiminated by % nsxation of thedoohy of Oltea* 

teace, whtcht set free the veteran borg, rendered lUensmy^ 1^ tto 

voops Upon the biUiks of the Dai- uniting of the Hanseatic tonvna to 

ftobe. On the other hand, a trea* Flranoe. Instead of aancably « 



if waa BOW ' made puMio, winch lag for an indemnity »' -the 

1^ been signed in Marchv be- dnchy, the Rosaian cabinet wn^ 

t^een. tbe ^mpeaon.of France and an afikir of sttie of i^ and 'itsoed 

Austria, and which inclcKled a re* n manifesto against her fSfy, Rna* 

oiprodd guai^ntee of each othen sta is then ohai^ged wtth- hnvlo^ 

Ipiiitntids, with the jtipulntion, i^ dtsdosed the plan of a twfeanb 

Mttr otf ihecn should be atucked veady &>rmed : lofytidiii«4liottting 

or meoftced by another {inarer, of terms of peace to Tttrtoy« the 

aendiag a succour of 24,000 iaft suddenly recalled ^ve. divisiMiaef 

iintry tmd 6,000 cavalry, with M tbe army of Moldavia in cods»> 

pieces of eanoon, to march. at the ^oence of which, thearngr^iiiM 

itit requisition. The treaty also dochy of Wairsaw w«a oblnnsd'tn 

giforahteed tlie integnty of the do» repass the .Vtsttih, and to wa^hmk 

inimoUs of the Ottoman Porte in. i^n the oonfedeiatauoy 4liiM|h 

Surope, and recognized the prin- the menacing potftmeof^tii^' 

i^le f^ neplral navigation; and siantatnies. The papir tiite- 

ilMi Austrian emperor renewed hit lour points on wl^cb d 

%>gagemen^ to adhcn to the pie» q£ JitttanUM desJnaaatliae ^iP^Mk 

^'' gocialKNi 



A AmM to opened with id' ilM ^de of Rnstia. H«>viltr 

Eonkin, and sketches the likewiae treat on ceriain nmdifi'- 

Ott wfaieh a concilidtion caiiuns ia tLie Itiuiian cuntupt for 

lar« been effected; and rbe advantage of itte Frencb tradfk 

 with nentioning ll>e Funher, Ii« will coui:lu(ie &irB>li|t- 
k-iatcly nude to England, nf exchange for Ibediicby of QJ— 

N^ng that whatever may denbuT^ fyi a tuitable «quiw«IeBtn 

ntantioR of ihingt wbeo and will withdfaw, lih pratact i% 

ft, alial) arrive, peace will support of the riglili of liis fanulf* 

ad ixfion the determiiia' lo that duchy. 
ifao Bnuian cabiner. Other papers published oi) ibiti 

tUihengiven fromPrince occaiion were the correspwidMiOB' 

, the Buuinti niiuisrer at between the Duke of BasMooaiid, 

' the miotsier of foreign Lord Castleriugb, tcipocdog over* 

Hk prince slates, that he tures for peace, which bava bean 

d to declare, that the pre- already meniioned as a topic of 

J vf Pzauia, and her in- parliamentary discussion; withva- 

tn from evety [xiliiical rious lett'^rt that passed between 

mt directed against Run- the Runiao and French niinistenA 

di^icnsable to the int«eUs The publication of these piecea bf,- 

■pedal Majesty. In order the French goveraiDcQI, indicated 

«t « real (tate of peace that it was confident ii) tbe gA«»d» 

IWB, it is necessary ibat nesa of its caiue, at leait aa ib 

aid le betweett her and would appear in tbe eyn of iw 

t' nnilral country, not oc- owo subjects, to juitity tbo-fiili 

tjr the troopi of either appeal to arou t accordiDglyi . » 

'I'be first basis of  nego- buUetia wai issued froia tbc.gnni 

anU IbBFctbre be, a com- arm; on Juns a2d, iihott|)r staling 

aeoMion of tbe Prussian that no meuis were left to ^nl 

at of all the strong places an undentaudiag betweeo tbstw^! 

Ibj a diaiiauiion of the courts, and thai tbe enpcroi bad 

kW "DaiilBic ; the evacua- issued orders to march for tbe pu> 

favodisb Pomrrania, and a pose of passing ibe Nisiiiea> Thtn. 

Hj- ■rrangeoient between followed a brief proclauutioa to bir 

St of Sweden aad France, soldiers, conceived ia bit lunal 

KOoditioas, (be Erapemr con fide nL and laronic stylei and 

1^1 «itbout deviating (rotn this wai hit declaratioo of «i|i 

AJpte laid down for tbe The dispodtioii of the diffecoot 

rifcof hi* slates, and the French armies ' is thai meotiomd 

 ofiBMitnb into his pons, in the bullclin: " Ib tbe cm* 
d-kMWelf nut to make any mencemcnt of May, tbe fiiBtGa.r|» 
JkttW'prohibitive measures arrived on the Vistula at Elbtog. 
lit)R<&BUia against direct and Marienbu^, tbe second ooi|» 
I^MlBglaiHl, and will ibo at Marienwerder, the thM. >t 
i^/tpitmsi' licences simi- Thom, the fourth and liith at 
■r-^KrilnKUio. provided it Plook, the fitlb at Warww. tb»- 

i-to augment the eighth on tbe ri^bt oC Werwar, 



MMM* to augment the eighth on tbe right oC W 
jj^kilriiMdr •Bpeticaced and tbo oiDtfa at Piilowj." 



wMMtomliiid'diiiifmirt'ofiillllete pbee, b ut wf kb aa amgrirt-ltif atr^ 

di^iftlonft has niX b^4i etartlr ekkrrtider Tbe^otceofHegg^; 



ahiiDd 9 bat it maybe alBrmed thttt (Oudinot) bad pieviaiMlf iium^i 

n#very pmbahly, in noodern EtK the Vitla, iwvr Kbwnovoa^kbe 

rop<*» foftON so nmneroua, and' 25th« andadvaDciof «piili«.iDikxi^« 

cdmpoaed of such variooft pedple, try, had obligBd lbe(*M»c#^xrfi 

i»«reM under a single <omnaand Wit^[enatein. oommandkiirviftlM^ 

tfi^ thr deei^iioii df a piilitt«a] con* &^ Russiaii oiirp9|i to evaccteifaili 

t«st< it-M^gr<^d that the armies Samogitia, and the oomtrf he^y 

o( Rnssia, e%trn8ive ^ that em* tween Kownoand ilir an, ami w^i 



piMi1s,irefyi frNHly ootnarohered tbe upon WilkomhT;. On-OodW 
bythe intaders; whence a defen- oot*s adyance, tbe Rnsnani- alM 
aive|^«n war Qecea^anly the only retrnted, and set iire to tbtir ma* 



one thiit ooiild be thought of 1^ gaaioes at Wilkoaoirs. 

tttn Court of Feteribargh, to meet As this time, a^Poiiah paft^itin^. 

the datogHr* ' der the. indueooe of Fcadce, «vi^ 

The- l^mntth dlWsions were all aemt>led a General Diet af War*-^ 

in- mdvmhce at the beginiitiig of saw, at whidi, on June astb;^' m^ 

•toffe. On the I Itb of chat month, comaitttee made a long repor^) 

the Princes of Dkmuhl (Davoust) dofelJing in strong laDgoaigo; cn^ 

Lad hi< quarters at Konigsberg, the injuries the tiation fwdiat dii^i 

^eh^re he •'iw joined by Nafx>leoo fereut periods suatained ^rom Rxm*: 

inperHonf iand on the Ipth, the sia, and ibe tin by^Rrhich-^ 



Fbenoh emparor had adv^anoed to bound to France. Jt tomiodlair* 

Gombtiitien in his march to the withanaot of Geiiei^CO};fochirad* 

Niemen.Thiae^baidgev being con- tJon» the aoic' ob(e^ of-iwhicb v^ 

siVDccedover'that n%er, pan of the declared to be, *<- to (veloioii iheq 

snu^ mtMsed wtihont opposition fiagmentii of Hi^'-ienQvaryi^^dla^. 

oo Che evenf^'Of the asd^, and on membered -by the -moat^^te^is^i 

tke 24th Nnftoleon was at Kowno lence, and to restore it to ii^6»mtrr. 

onnfU&otlier side. The rest o^ the exintence and pnQSpeiicy.*** '!Fhey; 

afviy passed on the following days, then determine tO' dekgite thdf^ 

am* t p^iuhed- forward iti divisiona, powers to « General C4tt»cil;> tonfo^ 

tim Rus^an^lifhi tniops mtreating attached to the Gsnnd >Ma^h4^ 

be^ire lliem «« :aU aides. Wihia, and to reside at Waraawi^abd'tiy^ 

the'<oaplia} of lithuania, at which send a deputation in'.theKiD|riai^ 

the emperOr Alexander had for Saxony, requesting his ap{toba«idac 



some fTme resided, was given up of this act; and another tet 

wtthont a contest, the Russians, on Emperor Napoleon; 4»giiAf iihi»^ 

the a^iproach of the l<*rench, bum« protection of " the ef«dl# of roa<i^* 

ing.thtt bridge? over the Vilia, and ing Poland.** SanglitAary Mdoatt^ 

af^ setting on fine their large nm- just as iiuoDaparte^j^tieoediicigaiiai^ 

ga^iiMim in that city, hastily re* wards Russia m«kat ^be ao^cfimetff^ 

tltated^ On^ the 28th Napoleon we cannot woodey^'tfiuecVolMic^f 

enifred Wiina, and the bridge was croeliy treatttl^as slhe^hod \amki kfd 

r«-establisbed The Russians were tbe powers which- ltKufpi#yii hMM 

ptMtied by tbe*FVmch advanced territory, and blontd^fhd:^ floM^ltal 

guard, -aod^aoose^sfcinmsbing took liH of oattooi^ ahiuUHfliattljr^ldititi 
*' an 



tiad existence under the tbeUer of tbcm m ne»r))r cooquercd t -iod^ 
Mtpenoc. force. - • Nepolto^pttiisliii^ed.iHiflottf organs v 

.Tbe Fr^ooh dmsi«m conliAued iziag a provisiooal gomemmnH'^o 
to fldvAoee, jnd the Eusuan op- it, with » mKiopal guard, jnd « 
poied 4olbei»» f o pnrtiie tbcplan gemibnnerie. The £ioperor. of- 
of gpMhid fetreftt. The latter Austriahadat this time recaUodhftt.^ 
mached -t^ Duoa about the 7th ambassador from Fctef»hurgb» and -- 
of Julf» without ally conaidcrable had Kent his quotaof troopaaa aUf t 
lo«» aiid begaa to concentrate on to France, under the QoromandidF' 
its hankie Durii^ these opera* the Prince of Schwarzenberg^wb* 
tiOQft the weather, from extreme had reached the RuMian tflvritory*'. 
hea^.> cbangod to cold and storm. The main RutsiaB aroij, wbiohn. 
which occasioned the loss of aere- was collected lo a strongly eB^< 
xal tthotitsad horses to the French trendied camp at DriitBa on the. 
aroiy. A^a was now tegaided as Duna^ evacuated it on the Litb;^ ' 
evpoted to imminent dRnger» and and moved eastward ttfaam da Wi* 
ila governor issued a proclanaation t^k, where the Kinpen)r'.AAes8n^' 
to eujcourage the inhabitants to a ander was on the 19th. Thr King^ 
vigorous renstance. Some British, of Naples (Mumt) crossed tfa» 
ships of war had entered its bar- Duna without opposiinn on r tbc: 
boor to assist in its defence. The 20tb, and spread bis cavabfyaloiig^ 
£iDperor Alexai^der, by a proda* the right bank of that river^ 'Vf-^ 
macioo, iuformcd his subjects, that rious partial actiotia .badnQCQQfmdi 
the Freoch hnd parsed the Russian during these, movecneuts,. Iheieiiw 
border, and that Napoleon, having cumstances of which am ^. difts/^ 
paid no attention to the asoit mo* rentiy related iu ttierbuUeti«iS'>oaK' 
derate psofoaals of agreement^ was each side, that nothing •ia4d!i ecff*r 
reaok-ed upon the ruin of the. tain but the grointtft remika^RrocB' 
C««ntfy, leafing him no other al* these it- appeass .that tbe'RaasiHBa 
tamative than to r(*pel force by rUl persevered, in tMrpiin* of ^tm- 
force. About this tirae^ treaties' treat, but acc^ooallircbeckitdiiM. 
of peace and Mendship were rati, temerity ef the .invaders^- who^bonK 
fird bcti*een the King of Great gan to expcmnce a |reataF4c%re« 
Riitain and the Bmprror of Russia, of vesi^ance in ptropwittQa fo tbcif. 
and Kiuj of Swrdeu ; thus sealing advanoe. The frwmAMi wbojconh' 
^ hood of alliance which entirely posed the chid ibrre of Marshall 
chongeti t be poliiicnl system of the Macdonald, had lieen advanotogi 
mirth of Kurope. through CaurUnd, 8nd.a.iB«ss^ti' 

On the 9tb of July, tlie French corps at Mittau had barn aMiged 
aduaneed posts were on tbe Duna. to fight its way if> Riga. Timm^ 
Friace Bagrathioo^ tbe RtMsian was now thought in such istme^ . 
commander, had been inieaepted diate danger ^ a aiege, that ita 
io.hii^Viareh towarda Wtlna, and suburbs were burnt dowa, with ^ 
had been obliged to m«ve towards vast destructioii cf naval and b^id* 
the ' I%iieiperi whilst the Fi«^ch ing timber* 
paitoessed tfaefiviebrasof Npvogro* Tbe Russian' aroiy^ vhen ^qnit^ 
dakjaifiMsaslu The f rear JDuiehy ted ihe.t;;itroiKfacdjteiifiatPiPissa» 

con* 



iraj; ANNUAL EEGISTEa, 1»12. 



evostilc^ fif five ooqis^ d^umie^ 
ono. of wbicb» under Gen. Wit- 
gtatteia, renuuned to cover Pe- 
tKibiii^> while the other foar 
nnrcbod bf Polotzk to Witepsk. 
Oa July 2Sih, two French dtri- 
Mum uoder Qen. Nansouty, en- 
cmmtured the Btisekns in fiont of 
Gttromo* On that and the two 
flowing' days there was nauch 
ibavp filing ki this qnartcr^ the 
adreogth. of the Bussians being 
-stated in the J^nsnch bulletin at 
60^900 infasitry and I a>00 caval- 
ry* The; loss on both sides Wfis 
GpraidefsMey but the fruits of vic- 
tory' senaiocd with the French, 
who look maay prisoners and se- 
vmtL pivces of caoooo. On the 
eoesing o^ the 28tfa, the Russian 
amy was iO' full retreat towards 
Sin^entkOy and on that day the 
Fmich . emcred Witepsk. During 
tlMssf tfaacaetioa8> Prince Bagra- 
tkioir^ on. bis inarch, was attacked 
bf the Prince of £ckrn<il (Davousi) 
near Mohtlovr, and an engagement 
ODSord which oontlnued the erreat- 
eat part of the day. It concluded 
with the retreat of Beigrath ion ^ un«> 
juwimte^, in thodirectton of Smo- 
lenshov^ where be joined the grand 
annyr. rKie vicioity of Polotzk was 
alao nvar this lime the scene of 
nvtue eonte^. Marshal Oudinot 
lunnngr crosmi the Dona with the 
^Atw, it is 8«(^)0sed, of coming 
osood upon Higa^ was attacked by 
Goont Wilgenstein on the 30th 
mA 31 St; who, according to the 
Buflsian accouotsy gained a com- 
plete violory. A French bulK^tin, 
however, represents^ the res^ilt of 
aiKrther action, on August 1st, to 
have reversed this^ fortune, and leftt 
the Russians in the state of entire 
dflfiear* The capture' by storm of 
tk^iotttssti cf ' Dttcuttag, on- Jiilf 



dOch, was< a pmsf tlM, fsa tte 
whole, success still contimicd co- 
attend on the French' arms. 

The French troops now w«it 
for a sltort time into whaft were- 
caUed q4iartei« of refiresbment, m 
order to recruit fVom fl^r losses 
and fetigues. They w^^^'gain ia 
motion about the I2tb of August^ 
and the nrain body, ander the 
King of Nuples and the Prince of 
Eckmohl, marched upon the Dnie- 
per in order to obtain po^sessiosl 
of Smolensko, at which city the 
principal force of the Russiaus was 
assembled. On August t6th, the 
heights of Smolensko were com- 
manded by the French troops : the 
place was reconnoitred b/ Napo- 
leon in person, and the army wzs 
arranged in its position. The par- 
ticular operations which ensaed are 
not intelligible without a plan ; tmc 
it appears that the attack and de- 
fence were both conducted wiA 
vigour and resolution. On the 
night of the 17th, a dreadful con- 
flagration broke out in the town; 
and after midnight it was aban- 
doned by the Russians, who re- 
tired across the river. It yms oc* 
cupied on tlie 18tli by the in vader% 
who at length fiuccceded in extin- 
guishing the fire. The contest fof 
this important place \% said to have 
engaged 100,000 men on each 
side 5 and the loss of lives could', 
not fail to be considerable^ hot 
that of the Russians is, by the 
French accounts, stated at tHp^, 
their ©wti. On the 19th the Frem^ 
crossing the Doiestrr, made an 4^ 
lack on the Russian rear^g^ofttt^! 
the last column of which riire^te^i 
to the second, which -waf .1^^%^ 
on the heights of Valentina^ ' 
action was broug^ht on tojipr|g5 
position^ in. which a'lar^'ni 

of 




OENEKAL HISTORY. t'TS 

inch aide was nigagrd, gained toward* ibe further progrcM 
St wu obstinately con- ul' tlie invading aruty, Tfae »^ 
mntnated in an unmu- vance of the laiirr, and the retraat 
ai of the Uussians. jlie of tltc Ruiii^ani beture tbcm, dr** 
■e Ouaa, near Polui^, itroying or cxrrj'ing oS Ihe'tr in»- 
ene of sontf- tcvrre eu- gdzines, ciHitinued as beiiirc j and 
1 the loih and l/th, on tbe 2V)xh. Gcueral Caulincotut 
itgetuieinandUu'tiiioE, tiitc^red Viaima, a coaiider^ila 
the suclcm trcins to town on the Mokow road. At 
warly balanced. Of a thid liine Gen. KulDsoffhad tskcai 
ufrrior acliona il u not the chief ooiuiuatid of tbe »"™^ 
r. in thii skL-tdi lo tiike armies. 

. ai^i'urjtc aiidiinp^itial Hilhcrtn do oppoutlon of ■eoW' 
he ciiii{>aigri alone can ti-i^uoncc had bvctt givrn to ihe 
1 iiiieliigihle, niid Lk-iir Freiicb in thrir approach inwsr^ 
■he* otMciirily and con-- the oipital, biit ibc time was ncnr 
resulting from thb de- con'c in which an ef&rt wu to be 
-cpruaeiituLiuna uf buili maii<- worvby of the prize cout«nd- 
eil luT. 1 he Kusxians had takes a 
aeginning of the inva- BLrotig posiiion at the village of 
itia, it apiK'^ircd lo hake Klunkna, buween Ghijit and tAty- 
-esign of N.n|>«jlc.>H (o jaiik, \thett they were de»c-ric(J by 
isli at once li>r Peteis- the French on September 9th, ai 
nbly supposing tliat the they h.id begun to lonn e redoubt 
langrr or capture uf this upon a height. Ihix waiininiedi> 

voul'i temiitiate tbe atcly attacked by N'gpoleon's orders 
the plan pursuci.! by the and rarried. 1'he nest day passed 
ntntanden to d' aw the in reconn< itn'iag)Rnd Btday>brcak 
orce ot their antigoni'<ts ontlie7ih, the French made an 
le Dnie|ii.-r, ncecMarily attack on the whole of the Butiian 
■tof theinviider, wlioi>e puhition. They Mate the RuMtRn 

bccaiue llw. posse»i. ii forces to have amounted lo 120 ot 
ieot capital o/ the em- 130.00U men, and acknowledge 
ow. lis central ailuiition an equal number of their own. 
ne of tbe R:ott fertile The battle i<oon became genrt^ali 
ofBuuia, its vast ex- and lasted till night, with a drrad> 
^^ready comniLinicativu lul carnage on both tide*. Baits* 
111 iind tlie countriL's of ties were taken and retaken, en- 
(jhjt iTest, obviously reu- Ircnchmenii carried and reentered, 
.ilVptt important xtiiiim and in the end eacfa party cbiimed 
HIM a war which was the victory. The Frenrb, who 
*& be protracted at leaj-t named ibis the battle ut Moikwa^ 
*■ ' Bttgn. Sinolensko triumph witliout reserve. General 
C foad to AIoH'ow, KutusofF si^'s, that ihe result wMr 

. ^jbtuc from it than that the enemy, with bis Miperlor 

Vtb urn: occupied that iiTt-c, in no patt gained an incli 
!^ji(|MicTial poiiu ol grouudj and that be .himelf 
' ' ' reiDaiocd 



174] AFNtTAX REOIStfiJR; 181«. 

•emaiaed: at night miner of the pital On the ftfih t vf&leni* wM 

^d«f iMttle. Tbe vtlisge of Borck arose : rbr«e 01* ffNir rhoosimd m^ 

i^mi gives the Rii^an appdlatioo fiaros set ire to the ti'y ia 90Q 

ilo this terrible coutlice. both side« places at once, by (yrder 6f tW 

«Bade the unual dtnionstnMions of governor. Fivi^snAhs of the homel 

eeoceis by aeiB of pious gniiitaide> were built of wood; tbe fire 

.twhtch are always understood as 6p^^ad with a prodigious tupWtyi 

addneated more to earth than to it wan an oceao of flame. Churcheif 

i)ravn|^;' and it ia left to the teat of vy^htch there were l^OO, abofe 

4if^otilequrflce» todetermme which 1« iXy palaces, imnneilise maga^neir; 

waa the chief gainer <ir loser by nearly all have fallen a prey to tb^ 

•iheerent. One result which eer* Hames. The Kremlin haar beett 

tmif was not expected at Peters* preserved. Above a faundreif «f 

buTgh wheo I hc^y were singing Te the incoiidarles have bced ap(m>' 

J>cum, was, that seveo days after, heoded and shot ; all ot themder 

tekig the I4th, at midnight, the cisired that they af^red under ^ 

£refl«hy alter no oth«*r contest than orders of Rostopchin, and tke di^ 

aame skirmishing with their ad- rector of the police.'* Tke horriif 

veoced guards entered Moscow. dixnimstance Is ^dd^d, that ac 

^. Of the circHimstimces attending sick and wounded Rmmna 

tihe capture and con^gration c^ been b'lmt ; but it is to be 

this gaeat cky, very difiereut ac^ tliat this is an exaggeratipo: ^ 4* 

odaais bavt% been given. In the salMequent French account fham 

SVeneb bulletin which "first relates Mobcow says that 300 in endian^* 

the event, it is said that the gover- had been arrested and sHtH^ ilb^ 

uor/RoflSopchm, wished to ruin the were provided with fusees^ w 




city, when he saw it abandoned by inches long bet wren two pieces ' 

the Ra»aian army«-»that he armed Wood, and also with Squibs, y»lfidi 

30OD malefactors fnmi the- prisons, they threw up n the r<)Ofs "dt 

and. 6OOO aalellites, and that the honses. The hres subsided on tfil^ 

{rench advanced guard, when ar- ipth and 20fh, but ihree-fburrbsof 

rived at the centre of the city, tbe dty had been desrroyeti; ItV 

were received with a fire of mna- aA^srwanls said that i.nlyox^teblH' 

kftry irooa tlie Kremlin » or cita- remained uncousumed. ' ' ^- 

del--4hat the King of Naples or* While the shock oocaiSofr>ed l^ 

dered a battery *o be opened which this tefriblr catastrophe of one' of t^ 



aoon disper.^ this rabble ^ and m^st populcms cities in Lur<^|ie 

that,. COO) pkte anarchy prevailing still recent, the friends to tlie R^^' 

in the city, some drunken madmen sian cause were willitig to ItnpfAe^ 

ran through its different quarters, the disaster rathet- to' the ' fiits 'dt 

every where setting fire to them, the assailants or to the '068^' 

the goveriKMT having previously car- fu*«ion and anarchy pt^^airms hi''i^ 

riednff the firrmrn and engines, captured city, than tb b*" pttioeSt''^ 

A subsequent bulletin gives the tated purpc^ on the pxrx <kf Wi\ 

following account. <* On the 14th, governor or the court|'b^ VSf&'' 

the Russians set fire to the Ex* the proofs sfeni*'- T U6' Hc6i!kmb&^* 

change^ theBazar^aad the Hos* ofa commanded agcttc^^iHlmm 



; .P5NERAL HISTORY. [175 

tQg./.the flsiniesi argnmeQtt were, aonoy the wliole Hoe af the ene* 

fKM. wanting to gbew that pn such my from Scnolenako to -MmoW. 

efiMfrgtfi)c;i<K, sarnticeftc^thiMkiDd, Baron de Wiotzingerode wm at 

however }iev«fre, wrre not only ju»- thi< tiRie posted to tbe tiord] of 

liiiable, but w* re (be iru-st patri- Moscow^ in order to cover Twef» 

ptiMn^ and ibac tbe depriving an and tbe ruads leading to Frtars- 

xnveier<i(e for of a cooifonable burgh, and otbrr pkicra on > th«t 

abode dcriug the winter in the side. A powerful Rnssiair foroft 

l)eart of tbecounuy, was a point was assembling to the westward, 

c^.sucb essential consequence, that of which tbe army fitun -MokliN 

i^ could scarc;ejy be gained at too via formed a pit. 

high a price: and the sequel will Tbe garrison of Riga bana|; 

render probable tbe justness uf this been reinforced with a oonsAdeilL 

reasoning. It may be added, that able body ot troops, its govt-rnor, 

Qythiiig c<mld more C(»nvincitigly Lieutenant -gener^il £s«trn, laid a 

pj'ove the fixed determination of plan for surprising the Pruswiali 

the Russian government to enter corps posted in three ^ivisiona be* 

ipto no coinpromise with the in- tweet Mhtau and Riga. He moti^ 

^der^ than a resolution rather to ed on Septt-mber 26, and obliged 

destroy |Lhe venerable capital of General U*Yorrk to abandoar hts 

tne empire, tbaa to bargain lor its post, and retreat beyond ^Mittawi; 

•afety, A serif s of actions took piace dot* 

\ General Kutusoff, in his report ing some soeoeeding data^ whicb 

t(p the emperor Alexander of the loss concluded with the lecurn of th6 

<4^ Moscow, mentions, however, as Russians to Riga, on October 2» 

ope reason for his declining to risk afb:r having, occofdtng to tbe'Priis** 

apotber battle to save it, thiit its sian accounts, sustiined- consider^* 

issue would not only have proved ble losses. Tlie Prusstaos saved 

<(estructive to his army, but have the park of art illerv ' destined t<» 

reduced Moscow to ashes. He the siege of Riga, re-entered Mit* 

fiirthcr says, (hat ad the valuables, tan, and re^possessed thtmselves 

tljc iStcres in the arsenal^, and al- of tbe positions they before occu*^ 

most all oiher jroperty, imperial pied. ' 

or private, wert^ previously carried The impression made at Pt ters-^- 

away, and that f:carcely a single burgh by the fall of Moscow wa^' 

inh'^bitant remained in the tmn; necessarily that of great alarm, of 

which, on the other hand, Kioks which the court seems to have^ 

more like a d« sign of sacnficing rhe participated, even whilst it uas-en^ 

buildings. The general proceeds dravouring to tnmqtiiiize the peor 

to say, that though the abandon- pie. A supplement to the Peters^ 

ment of the capital is very morti- burgh Gazette of Octotier 2, iindcf 

fying, yet, thiii ceositlcring the the title, '* For informanon, hy 

a^antag^s which may accrue special command/' acquaint the 

fi^ni M, ti\e circumstance is no public, that mea}lur^s are ddoptin^ 

Iqngp;; to be lamented, his pur- in that city foi- the removal of ce? *• 

p^)^,i9,,topccnpy with his forces a tain necessary art iciv« ^ not^ ho\^» 

iir)^\^r^h sh^ll command tbe ipads ever, ftom , any apprehetisit^n - Mi 

Ica^n^ to Tula and Kaluga^ and danger to the metropolis— and it 

^ proceed! 



176] ANNUAL REGISTER, 181S. 



proceetls to stat^ the circumstances 
bv which its <u\iL-iy is secured — but 
throvigh tiiuclj toresiglit to be be- 
forehand wiih the freezing of the 
rivers. At'rT some attempts al 
disiinguishiii:; b'^ivvccn nu present, 
but pcjs-jible tuture, diuiger, ii con- 
cludes witli evprc^siuj; a determin- 
stion, ** vliiitcNor may be the pro- 
gress of ihc tiit-my, raiher to drain 
the hi-^i cl;.)p (»f the cup c»t" iniseiy, 
than, bv a acandal- us peace, to 
8ubjc( ; iui.-.-i a tf» a foreign yoke." 
Anoiht I pi- .an'ionary iihasusc, 
not rniv . . ;u.'rii..t m itst-lf, but as 
it includcvi .» plrdi;*'. oi iiiviol.ible 
fidelit) !(», ;■ iv.1 t ;.t; •i':iL"<'! Ill, a 
new nily, wa^ t' i if v..\ulii;;j the 
^'holr nav. 1 i'nu 1" ivusia to v. in- 
ter in ilw I-U.^Umi p'ir!>, v»ij-. ;f it 
arrived safe ai the latirr e:iCi nf liic 
year. 

Napnleon rop'ituiedat Moscow, 
and tiatlerinf^ a counts nppr:aitd ni 
the Frdich p«i|>i r <f lii-j ^l'l•(■^ss in 
restoring ouU-r and procuri g pK-i-tv 
in the place; at the sumt 'ime ]t 
is certain that \iv. began to hnd his 
situation very uh<asy, and sevcnly 
felt the distppoin'mfui resulting 
fioni the dt'struct o:i of so large a 
portion of t hi: city, and the Highi 
of its inhabitants. An extraordin- 
ary and atriK^ious proof of the 
acuteness of his feelings on this 
occ3sU)n, appeared in his appoint- 
ing a military commission at Mos- 
cow, on Scptembrr 21, to try a 
number of p(ior wretches who had 
bden appri bended in the act of 
spreading tl'C iiames through the 
city on the days when the French 
antercfl it. ^J'liougii a principal 
object of the inquiiy was to produce 
evidence that the conflagration was 
ordered aud directed by the gover- 
nor, yet these men weie capitally 
•ondcmued for executing com- 



mands, to theru lawful ; ind la 
of them were put to death witfifl 
ordinary forms of jostice. AAc 
this mcaa act of vengeance, Ks 
poleou employed himself as if 1 
were his intcniion to establish irip 
ter-quarlers in the mint of Hoi 
cow: if such hjd not bcea fc} 
plan, it must he regarded as in 
fuiuation, or indecision unwotlh) 
of liis foimer character, wiilch in- 
duced liitn to post|>one theiTiore< 
niLiit of his v»st army to a tma 
iinmcrdiately bordrring upon i 
noithcrn winter. But wbatera 
mi<;hr be his iit^cret purpose, JMi 
deitrminuion was precipitated 'bj 
the r\<.nt of an actirin on the l6il 
of O. tolx-T. General KutoMi 
Lavirg received information of 4< 
niaicii <:f a French corps anAn 
(nju-nil v'jcior, from SmolenAl^ 
to r.inlorce the graiid army, ifr 
solved to attack the advanced goM 
conimanded by Mutat, amf niiHo 
Co:. :>i!,i of 45,000 meu, beforeth^ 
could be supported by the i^ 
army, llie attack succc!eded,yd 
left in the hands of the vidflf^ 
considerable number of pfi^d^ 
aiui 38 pieces of cannon,' wttn 
the badness of the roads prevenlU 
the French from carrying aM^> 
The consequence of this VidilF 
was, that on the 2'id the va^i 
General Winzingrodeentei^liqi^ 
cow, which was evacuated %]f S* 
French garrison in such h^lByW 
they left the hixspiials ih cb^.pil}^ 
of the foe. About the wdip'(|M 
other succrsses attended 4^ iHf 
sian cause. Count Wit|[tnfPib 
after two days* hard fightiju^iW 
the French, under Marihiil^ik' 
vion St. Cyr, in wfaic|i h^ «W 
the enemy from his cntnenc^mMfi 
and pursued him to MbtidC^ 
ricd that place by storm (A (K^ 



GENERAL HISTORY. [177 

%9^ 30w A RiHiiber of prisoom recited bim. They then baranj^o^d 
yrtre ^nade in those actions, which the troopt which had accompfloiad 
, cost many men on each mde. hiro^ and having 9ticceit*ded in cod- 

While the French emperor vrm vincing them that the empero» was 
triumphing amidst the ruins of a not drad, and that this wa« a con- 
Bostile capital^ 1500 miles distant spiracy, thej laid down th^ir arm. 
from his own, an attempt was The troops cantoned in Versailits 
made to subvert his power at and the neTghbooriiood were th^ 
home, which, for a time, bore a sent for, tte barriers wcro abat^ 
^rmiiiable aspect, and if not and the conspirators, b^ing, be^ 
speedily suppressed, might have sides the three generals, about 20 
been the commencement of a new officers anil sub-officers, were af* 
revolution. Early in the rooming rested and committed, to prison ; 
. of October 23, three ex-gene- and in a short time Paris was per- 
rals, said to have been of the re- fectly tranquil. It is g'^serted l^ 
publican party, Mallet, Lahorie, and authority, that not a tingle citiaea 
Goidal, having framed a ficti- of Paris or the departroeats was 
tious senatus consu)tum,went to the suspected of being an accomplke 
barracks occupied by the lirst divi- in this a^ir. A military oonsfmis* 
9^n of the national guards and the sion was convoked to* try the cvAt 
dragoons of Paris, and having read a prits, which declared the three et^ 

Sroclanoation, informing them of generals and eleven others *' gtii)^ 
le pretended death of the empe- of the crime against the mftty of 
TOT on the 7th, ordered these the state,** and adjudged t^m to 
troops, in thp name of the regent, deatli, acquitting the rest. The 
to follow them. The troops obey- execution look place on Octobev 
cd, and 9uffi;red themselves to be 90, in the pUun of Crenelle, in the 
Jed to different posts, where they midst of a numerous con«ouiie of 
.relieved the guards. The conspi*- spectators ; and thus the conspi* 
rators then presented themselves at racy seems to have been complett^ 
tl\e apartmt&ts of the minister of extinguished, no relics of it having 
the police, and the- prefect of the since been brought to lig^t. Ilsexist^ 
pplice, whom they arrested, and ence, however, is a proof that d»- 
carried to prison under an escort of affection prevails to a certain de^ 
• 300 men. Another division, in gree in the national guard of Parian 
tb^ meat^ time, was marched to that body which acted so import-* 
.the house of the commandant of ant a part in tne Revolution, and 
fairs. General Hullin, when MaU which may possibly give origin to 
Jot informed him that he was no some future political change It 
; longer connnandant; and on Hnl- is proper to remark, that sevemlt 
. fin*8 hesitating to resi^ his autho- additional and varying circom* 
rity. Mallet shot him xn the neck stances relative to the conspiracy 
with a pistol. Mallet then pro- have been published from private 
cecd^ ^'ith the design of arresting communications, lomc of which* 
ihecl^ef of the etat-majorof Pa- indicate much deej^er contrivance 
ris.; but this person had several of- and greater probability of socc««f 
.ficersin his apartment, who, prov- than could be iiifcrred from tb^ 
ing too powerful for Mallet> ii- accounts authorised by the govern* 
-Vol. LIV. [N] mcotj 



178], A'NNXJAL REGISTBR; 1812. 



tD^nt ; but nothing hat titice ap- 
peared to give room for suspect- 
ing tUat any germ of it is still in 
bmng. 

Tiie d<*»rrtion of Mos'x^w by Na- 
polfon (who quitted it the day af- 
■ter thedffrat of Murat) was equally 
t subject of surprise and sptHnlarion 
at I^iris, I be pHblic paprrs of which 
exhaustrd thrir ingenuity in find- 
ing excuses and motives for this 
. event. One of them thus con- 
cludes' its reasnnii>gs: '* lb say 
thit the emperor has left Moscow 
Is only to 8iiy> that this father of 
the soldiers marches wherever great 
operations demand his presence. 
Hiii presenoe comrwands victory 5 
it wiM still watch over the safety 
of the victooous army.*' We shall 
' 9ee In the sequel how well this ex- 
pectati6t^ was verified. The first 
proof of the great change of aitua- 
^ori between the two armies, was 
the mission of Lauriston to Kutus- 
l>ff, in order to propose an armis- 
tiee and treat of peace. The nn- 
awer given was, that no negocia* 
tton of this kind could be enter- 
•d upon till the French had re- 
passed the Vistula } and when Lau- 
riston observed in reply, that they 
must then retire fighting every 
kich, since the Russian armies 
were marching on all sides, Ku- 
tnsoff rejoined, that as the French 
bad not been invited to Moscow, 
they must get back as they could. 
Murat also is staled to have gone 
to the advanced posts> and held 
y a conference with General Milar- 
^ovitch, probdbly for the purpose 
of bringing about an armistice, but 
£rom which he derived no satisfac- 
tion. At this time the -Russians 
liad deared both banks of theDuna, 
as far as Witepsk, fr<6m the inva- 
> 4cn } and t^e province of Volhynia 



was eotirdy Ivead kam ik»^\ 
my. 

The French grand array £rst di- 
rected its nKirchuponKahiga; hot 
finding obstacles in that qunter, 
the route was changed towaolg 
Mojaisk. The Rtissians pressBg 
upon it, an engagement was 
bronght on at Maip-yaroslavc^ 
on the 24th, in which, as owal, 
the ' French clainr a victory ; «t 
least, it appears that tliey checked 
their pursuers. On Nuvembrr^, 
Napoleon arrived with the impe- 
rial guard at Smolensko. Oftho 
ntcountcrs in this intervd, b^weoi 
the retreating and the pursuing ar- 
mies, the relations by the two par- 
ties are so irreconcilable that we 
shall not attempt to form tkem 
into a consistent narrative. Itiis 
only certain that much losa was 
sustained by the French whkk 
they were not in a condition to xe- 
pair. The Russian winter, whick 
began on the 7th with deep snow, 
greatly added to tHeir difficokiei 
and sufiferings, and their bulktiot 
acknowledge the loss of many men 
by cold and fatigue in tbetr niglit 
bivouackiugs. Two intercepted 
letters from the viceroy of Italy, 
Eugene Napoleon, to the Prince of 
Neufchatel, afford tmdeniable evi- 
dence of the extreme distress le 
which the retreating French wtie 
reduced. In the first, dated No- 
vember 8, heapeaks of an attack 
on the head, rear, and centre of lys 
columns by the enemy, in whkh 
two of bis cannon were carried off; 
and after mentioning bis embarrass- 
metUs,and his critical situation, he 
says, '^ I must not conceal iWxM 
your highness^ that after osiif 
every efibrt in my power, I have 
yet found it impossible to <irag my 
artillery, and that^ in tfaiaieapect, 

. great 



GENERAL HISTORY. [179 

ificci nwst be exptctrd." loss, having Tniled of their purpotc. 

•cond. on tl)c tollo'A'ing Sevrrdl at<itr ncticuit tuoK plMce, 

rraiion^ ihe iiicmliblc^ el- whii-b are reprr-Krnud' ai being 

■H made fur a small ad- unifonul}' faiuiimh!? lo ihn Ra<- 

Invi. " TIh-k three last shris, and wem preluiles tit miuh 

cost m lwo-ihird4 ol' thr. more imporMitt »ua-e-.sc), ITi* 

f iIhs corps ol* the army. French, who, att-^r blowing tip the 

■bcNit 4iXi horu-s died; tort ifi cat Ions ot' Stnnk-n-'ko, wern 

■licthap'idoiibleiliai mim- marching upon Km<inoi. a town to 

Miithtd, rxcluMvenf tlie the wuth west of ihul city, were 

toer which I have caa^ m-rrtakm bv the advanced trofipn 

on fur the military b«g- of Marshal Kutiisuff's jmiy, which 

for Ih^it ol iiidind^als, had made prcdigioui es<-nion< for 

aim <ir borsi-i have |>e- that purpose, and od Nnvemher 

ibe hainrss at once. — I Ili, tiie corp* of Marshal Dnvoiut, 

conceal from your higii- which b id breii turiii-d liy Prince 

ibme three days of aiif- Grilitzin, wai brtmglit to action. 

K m dispirit(.-d ihr Mil- Ihe biitle lasted llic uliole day, 

I bchevehini at (biH mo- Napoleon himself being in rlie 

little capable of making lield, wlii(;h he (juitted wilhout 

Numbiri of m'o are wailing fur ihe iwnc. It tcniiii)- 

luger or cold, and o hcfs atcd in (he complcie de^iructiun or 

bivc suffered thf-mselves dispersion of Davonst's arm;, 

en by the enemy." In wliiih, beiides a very licaiy lo^-t 

iul ctHiditinn he w.ts ag.iin in killed and wounded, had above 

•V G'tieral Plaioff, at the poou men, wiih two gcnemln and 

ii Coisaks, who, in his many inferior ofUcers, taken pri- 

Ainhal Kuto>off, s|>eaks soners, and lost 70 piece* of can- 

{niwuiers. and b'i pieces non. An additional fiirce w.-^s 

, as the result of hb vic< th^ii sent to reinforce Geneial 
Millardovilr-h, in order to sfup ihe 

noit nf the retreating ar- adiancr of Marshal Ncy with tiio 

finite 10 Sniolensko, siill rear diviiions of lb? Fiem h. On 

( aiidoutbe lUth.alKidy (lie I'lh, under cuvcr of a iliiik 

len, with ti() otticers, lit- log, Ncy's irofiji! got «n|XTcei>ed 

iniHi of Genrral Auge- to the lontof the llusdaii liaticries, 

pi, wai Burroundid hy and cndravdiiri'd to pierce through 

f of Count OrlotTOtniz- tho lines c,J ti.tir opponents. Their 

iddowti their arnit.Hfier efTons, however, u^rc iueff-ctiial, 

■M<ance, On 1 he 1 4th, mid afier great ciroage fiom the 

tgrnsiein, whoh.id made l(us-.ian cannon and mii-.ketTy, ttic 

iHslcr of Wiirp^k. wai n mainder, in nnmhrr 12,0CX), at 

iij Marsliiil V icior, in midnight, laid down their ?ni)«, 

JK nf an order to drive giving up ilieir cannon, brig.;ai;e. 

id. IheDuna. Aftrr ?n and miliivy chr^i. Nev bim-t f 

■rtkn, which cnnilnutd t-^c-pel, woundcil, by Higbt acton 

M.pWt of tiie day, ihe the Ooi.-per. 
RJnA'vitb vonsideiabia Jn the further retreat to iht 
[N -Jj banks 



180) ANNUAL REGISTEK, 1812. 



baakt of the Beresjna, raHottt en- 
counters, took place, the retuk of 
which is, fts-iHBsh very di^Rnreotly 
related by the two parties. The 
most coosidenible Waa one wbicb 
terminated, oii the 28tb, in the 
capture, by Geoeral WUgenstein, 
of a Freoeb dtvlsioD, said to co»- 
ai^ of 8800 mtvt. Duriag Ihia 
ticae the cold was inlenaely tcwtfe, 
odea^onmg dfeadftil sofTeriiiga t^ 
tbi$ fagit^ves, and alfli06t an^hiU 
ating their cavalry. When tbey 
aMvod at ibe spot wbene the roads 
t^ l^nsk and Wilna divide, they 
took the ronte to the latter town, 
first s^idktg off thehr wooiided, 
wkh the baggage. In these move- 
ments. Napoleon always oiarcliect 
SfV-the fjiidst of his guards^ whom, 
by care and indulgence, he bad 
ppesarved in toler«^e pKght. It 
i^' BMntroned to the Frencb ac- 
counts, that to such a degree was 
the cavalry of tlie army dismount- 
ed^ that it was necesfiary to collect 
the otiftcers who had stilt a horse 
retnaifiing, m- order to form feof 
companies of I BO men each. This 
sacked itqaadroci, as it is termed, in 
which genen»ls perfornoed the Unc- 
tions of captains/ aod coloneh of 
subalterns, never loet sight of the 
emperor. At length, all danger 
from the, pursuers being passed. 
Napoleon, on December 5, having 
called together his principal offi- 
cers, and inforEoed them of the 
appointment of the king of Naples 
as his lieutenant-general, set off in 
a single sledge under the title of 
the Duke of Vicenae. He passed 
through Wilna, Warsaw, Dresden, 
Leipzic, and Mentz, and arrived 
at Paris on the 18th^ at half past 
eleven at night. 

Thus terminated a campaign 
more destructive of human lives 



thaa perkape any odier i» vUeb 
the rofer of France baa beetf iefa-* 
gaged, and certainly more iajtsri* 
oot than any otbes to bis pdltieal 
amd mi^ry i!q)utaHoa. He wm' 
aWe, indeed, at the bead of aa- 
imnoense force, lo penetrnte to an«- 
elber aed remoter £uropcai» cap»- 
taf; bat inalead of attataiog Uie 
jmleased object of bis migbty pw- 
porattona—an object apparently io- 
oomraenanrate wilb bia •sertiona 
— all he effected was the desCnic-> 
lion of a &ne city, and tbe de r a ^ 
iBtMNi of a larg^ tract of coutttry^ 
at the price of leaving the boaitle 
plaint thronged with the carcasea 
of his subjeeta and atlses, a still 
greater number in a stale of o^pti- 
viiy, aod all bis*ailtllery andalorea 
in the bands of the enemy. He 
obtained no addition of gk>ry> €»* 
iber as a statesman or a genera}^, 
and rettmied like a fagilsve, escap-. 
iog ffom danger aod di^raee. 
Evtvy art, however, liad been em* 
ploy^ to paHiate these naiafcr« 
tunes, or conceal their ekteat ^pon 
the e^'es of the French people; ami 
the recent snppressiOD of a eoaspi* 
racy had, as usnaHy bappens^ 
stKngtbened the authority of diCr 
government. He was, therefore^ 
received at Paris with the accus^ 
tomed tokens of reverence and at^ 
tachment; and on the SOtb, bein^ 
seated on his throne, sorrounded 
by all the great -officers of atate, 
be was waited upon in foU cere- 
mony by the senate, whose presi- 
dent, the Count Lacepede, delz« 
vered an address to him as k>yal and 
adulatory as if he had beea an he- 
reditary monarch returning in tri- 
umph. His reply was reooarkable i 
it particularly alluded to the doty 
of courage, in magistrates, and 
their obligation to die in deiisnce 

of 



GENERAL HISTORV. fisi 



«f tjicir , f ovcreigo and his throne. 
** When (said be) I undertook the 
Fegeneratioo of France, I entreated 
of Providence a dererrainate num- 
ber of years. Destruction is the 
work of a nk^ment ; but to rebuild 
requires the aid of time. The ral- 
Ij^ng cry of pur fatlicrs was, T^ 
kingiS4lead — longUv^ the king. Thes^ 
few words comprehend the principal 
advantages of the monarchy.*' This 
was a manifest intimation of the 
necessity of supporting an heredit- 
ary succession in the DC iir dynasty. 
T^ coancil of, state being next in- 
troduced to pay their homage* the 
Count Defennoo, minister of the 
finances, pronounced a speech, in 
which be toudied upon the deli- 
cate topic of tiic late conspiracy, 
plantiea, lie say4, '* by a manitiCy 
who for a previous oiftrnce, had de- 
served a punishment which his 
Majesty bad been so generous as 
to remit." Napoleon's answer con- 
tains a sentenoe which might be* 
osme our warmest opposers of the- 
oretical principles of government. 
'' It is to that ideal svstem^ to those 
dark metaphysics which, in pursu- 
tng with subtlety the search after 



first causes seek to found upoa 
their basis the legislatidn of na- 
tions, instead of accoBicnodating 
laws to the knowledge of the hu« 
man heart, and to the lessons of 
histoiy, that we must attribute all 
the misfortunes which opr favour-* 
ed France has experienced," He 
makes the sante allusion to the ne-^ 
cessity of courage in a magistratci 
that was contabed in his r^plf to 
the senate, and reminds the counoU 
of th« examples of the president* 
Harlay and Mole in the time of thf 
Leai^ue. 

Kotwithstaoding these P^hlie 
exhibitions of loyal tyi it is amnne4 
in private accounts, that on the ar» 
rival of intelligence, which could 
not be suppres^, of the disastrous 
condition in which Napoleon had 
left his anmr, many sympt<;>mSf 
broke out of popular discontent 
and indignation. Nothing, bow- 
ever, occurred which indicated Any 
serious danger to his auth^ity % 
and the year closed with (hcifioit 
ostentations declaiatioAs of a reso* 
lution to persist in the same polki* 
cal plans, and with confident pro* 
sages of final success. 



t * 



cHAnrEft 



si] ANNUAL REGISTER, iBlf. 



CHAPTER XVm. 

Uasia.~Ji'hr vith Tur-icy— Treaty of Peace— Trtaties V''^ Sti-tdat 
aid Engla'id^Fiench invuikn and Telrenl—Stveden : inpolcu— 

. J>,tt—Tr,o.ty iLilh England— IV^r/iie Pi-e/.,ra(lonl-Denmari^] 
jiusi'ia — Huttguriati Diel— Germany — Siiih; its netu CQnUilulioa-~ 

. TuTkej. 

II /T UCH Ihal relates lo (he oc- paigo. Dotiblless, ihe prosprci of 

[Vl, CHneiiBfs in ihe Russian an approaching necessity to ihe 

mpire during lliis )ear has been Russians oF rmploying their ptin- 

ictessarily aniii.ipated in ihe last ci; al force in the defence of their 

bepier, on account ol its inti- own coimiry, which ihe French 

sate connection with the affairs emis<>arirs would noi fail of making 

I France ; but various ciicum- known in its full extent at Coo-' 

iinces n-niain to be considered, slaniiDople.grratlyencouraget] (bat 

n whiih Russia cither stood apart court in its drtermi nation. An 

torn that powtr, or aciird upon armisiic, however, for an indc' 

ler own plans, wiihcut the im- finite period, was in the meantime 

icdiaic compulsion of events. concluded betw^n the Bussian 

The close of the last year lefi and Turkish comnianders, and a 

be Russians in a course of success congress for negociatii'us of peace 

igainst the Turks, ulio, under the was sitting at Bucharest, 

[rand lizier, had crossetl the Da- _ Notice having "been given of 

lubc with (brir best troops. Tbe the cessation of the armistice, armt 

'etersburgh gazette coitains a re- were re«unied on the lOih of Fc- 

»ort from General Kulusoff of the bruary, and the Russian troop} 

iirrender of the vizier's army as were put in motion towards dif- 

(risoners of war, with all tbcir fercnt ( 

irtillery, on Novenibi r 26ih (Oe- prevent 

*mber8th)afierhavinglosi 10,000 by the ' 

nen in diflerent attacks. This vanced ] 

ivcnt, it nas generally i bought, bank of 

vuuld be so decisive of the Ru'.viau with lii 

luperiority, sisto lay the Turks at Turkish 

heir feet, and oblige ihem to con- Rud'chi 

cnt to such conditions of peace as lay with 

night be imposed by the con- ing lo b 



jut 



) but Ihe Olio 



wilinucd lirm in the resolotion from all 

if Basking no sacrifice of territory, pire. ( 

ind appearances were made of vi- this tim 

;uious preparatiuDfoTiiiiolber cam- the Rub^ 



.GENERAL HISTORY. 



[IW 



tnrgewo. Thrte warlike 
tioni, however, hdd nn 
CM. ItK- exhauMion of 
e, ■□(] tbi- iTiticul 'i\»tc 
;r,rendi.Ti-d thi.' nrccssily 
X so fvi.leni lo U>ih 
at nfier a coii-iilcrnbh 

in adjiisling Itip leriTis, 
as finally ciiiidudi--!, ihe 
of uliii'hu'aiaDiiuiiiiccd 
nrgh bj a Te Diurn on 
Hh. Bj its principal 
•peeling (rrritory, i!ic 
I, fri>n) its en'ranrc into 
to ii« JLini-tinn with the 
nd the It-rt b,ink(iftlie 
iti mouth 31 Kilia, are 
le EiiTopenn bnnndarirs 
empir<-!ii iht- Puric re- 
; In Riis-ia nil the dig- 
rcssf s, and towus m the 
; Prnth. The I.>anube 
/icntpd by ihc im-rrbani 
«tb pow~r>, but Russian 
nt aie not to coinf. 
in the mmiih of the 
ill amrestv is giaiited 
eels of rach powt-r who 
i' the opposite pnil in 
and in particular, the 
3 a panton to the S<-r- 

constriits to di^miilish 
M lately ereetfd in their 
wttiiit; partisoni in the 
ifird p'acps. The Porie 
it mediation to resiorc 
^n tlns<.ia and Tor-iia, 
t!en of whitiijbosiili'ifs 
Itie time subsisted, and 
i' 'diiadvantn^e lo the 
Tbtu was terminated a 

■nd protracted war. 

rilition to Husiiia of 
■lip of country to 
fynwieldy mass of ter- 
ufbit which she dtiubt- 



contest almost for existence that 

a«-;.irtUhrr. 

Ii uas the obvious |>a1icy of lbs 
Russian court, not only to free 
itstlt'Ironi an ent-my, liu< lo ob- 
tjin M'w fririids, in order to 
strenstlien ii for ihc conung en- 
counter. The Swcilish govern- 
incni, which l-od given unei|uitACBl 
pniul of a disjK)'iiion In assert its 
indfpendiiice against the rrquisi. 
lions of PraniT. was tiaiutally the 
til SI olji'ct iifann'-aMc uegociation, 
a^i'l a Russian iieiTrml arrivrd al 
Stoikbolm on March 2i<>tfortbe 
purposeof opening a trea'y. Som« 
diflicullifs probably anrsc, for the 

thought proper to h»ve a personal 
interview in order to bring matiert 
to a finnl adjiisiincnl. The Em- 
peror Alexander, ajd the crown- 
prince o( Sweden, met at Abo in 
Finland on Annust 28th. The 
emprior, who had been on the 
spot some days, wailed u)iod the 
crown-ptince imniediaiely alter liig 
arrival j and banishing all cere- 
mony, iliey b id a ciniteri'nce 
which lasted fimr hntirs and from 
whitii all their at endanti were 
exchidrd; hut llii- Knglish minister. 
Lord Cathrart, was pn'sent, -The 
rcjult lias nol beru h^aiif public, 
but it WIS the general oiiinion that 
Alexander promised ilie r'sliiution 
nf Finlantl to Sweden witliin six 
months, on the condition of > co- 
o]iera(ion of ihe Swdish troopi 
against liie Premh. \Vc shall see, 
hiiwever, that no sncb co-opemtinn 
aetuiilly t.'ok place duiingtbecam- 
p;ii|;n of this year. 

No diflienity seems to have oc- 
curred in sciilin^ a treaty between 
RiKsi.i and EngUnd, the interests 
of the two uaiioui to well cuin- 
clJing 



ANNUAL RE0l&T«»,rtS12. 

; in opposition to the am- foe to mocb snperior in _ _ _ 

s projects of ihe trench and eppcMntnient, and whose im- 

A Ircaiy of peace and petuosiiy and niiliiar^ &kill woold 

was ratified on August Ui, doubtless rcndM his first ocisrt 
licb (be fociuer rebtions of almost irresis I ible. Alexander bim- 
Iship arid commerce between self, wben compelled to leave Wil- 
w'o countries were re-esta- na, prudently leturned to Petcrt- 
'd, and an alliance defensive hurgb, aware that ibe presence of 
stall powers who, in resent- the sovereign, wlien not profc*- 

of this treaty, should attack sionaUy qualified tor military com- 
r of the ccuiracting partus, mand (which Jie can very rafely 
igreed upDD. Tbe asiistantc be), is only an impediment to the 
I by ihe English fleet in the operations of bis generals. Tbe 
iceof Riga,andtheconAdeace disasters occasioned by the first 

which Russia iairustcd its rush of this dreadful torrcm were 
e naval force to winter in tbe met with resolution and nutgoaci- 
isl) ports, have already been mity on the pwt of the llussiaa 
ioned as consequences of this government; and even after tbe 
ved friendihip. loss and destruction of tbe aocieat 

hateverfiuctuationtheien'.ight capital, not the raost distant idea 

been iti tbe Russian councils seems to have been admitted of 
B remote prospect of a coulest yielding to the will of the invader. 

the most formidable power Nor, in a war like this, would it be 
Europe had ever beheld, there just to attribute to a want of lecling 
nptom of indecisioD u fiir the severe sufi'erings of its sut>- 
oiled nearer i and the jects, this pertinacity of resistance: 
tiioiu which ihe court of it.was not a war for the attainraeU 
rsburgb prnpoged as tbe price of an object of ambition, ia which 

continuation of its amity In* the happiness of ibe people iud 
:ed a firm resolution to main- little or no concern, but for that 
the independence becoming a national independence, without 
t and powerful empire. Alex- which there can be neither public 
X had taken post at Wilna in honour nor private [Nrosperity. 
r to be at band for assisting in Further, it became evident, aftar 
letifocratioDi respecting peace tbe battle of Borodiooi that tbe 
war. When the attack upon plan adopted was almoit certain of 
trocms at Kowno, and the ad- final success. The fwailanli wen 
I of Napoleon to his army, continually diminisbiug iu uumber 
(Ircided Ibe point of hostility, and strcngih ; while tlic reinfotce- 
sbued, on June 2ath, general ments of the defenders were Ccmt 
rs to bis armies, declaring the ccntrating on all tides, and their 

to be c^'mpicoced, and ex- confidpnce rose in proportion m 
sing confidence in tbe bravery that of their enemies sidxided. 
lis troops, and the justice (^ The surcaid oflheir lerrible wt^tcc 
:ause. 1 lie plan of tbe cam- was also aj^roacbing ; and fm 
n was wisely fran-.ed on the bad the iiouses ot Moscow tieca 
iiMie systeh), avciding as long left standing, no prudent gental 
ossiUe 9 general action with a woiJdiiave ihongnt of.wtotctjiig 



> syraptof 
rm rolled 



CE'NERAL HISTORY. 



tiss 



btm of n baMile cmintr^, 
bra long tract of disL-vrs 
1 tliev hatl been ri';i.!iTi'ii) 

military riimreiMiii'nt'.oii 
so'irn; of his siippiiti. 
erre.it of the Fn:i;fli wa-s 

fully A-cidod, and lli'.s-i;! 

at liljprty In in!o]>t a 
f action not isiipu'C.l by 
■Dt necessity of iiiakinij 
against f\ipi.T'or jHiwor. 
pfriod, ill Ottolwr, ilic 
Alexnnder iuucd a \m>- 
1 which ^vu a si'irited, 
asgcraiitl, viuw of ilic 
loation of iIk two ntiin- 
"Riis>ian*! (said he) at 
B enemy of our cpui iry, 
of hi iiitlepcnileDce mid 
ha* exw-rit'iK.-wt a portion 
eirible veniffancc whitli 
Mns and tinpriucipted .ng- 
had aR)U5r:ri. From tlio 
' hii m^Kh from Wiliia, 
, i^reat in nuiiibcrs, ;ii- 
TaHiur and discipline, and 
ibe remenib'ancc of vic- 
ioed Ju or bur regions, 

6 no lr» tbaii llie subju- 
the lltis,ias. llir- s>stcni 
1 had thonfht fit Ki aj.>pt 
ned that confidence. The 

7 iMtttfs foiig'it nil his 
id which gave him tein- 
lOMemon of iimoIriKk, 
ktm with all the illn.vons 
h He reached Mojcow, 
diefCd himself invincible 
pmUe. HcnowCKuhcd 
M of reiping rhe fruit of 

of ebtaining for his sul- 
dbrtabb winter-qusrti-rs ; 
^odlBg act from ihence, 
agi ifah forces to ravage 
oOr tntiea, maku captires 
ntrytatn, overthrow our 
ttl^ tcH^n, and siibi'-rt 
4^ tovliw lawlna will. 



Vs'm presnmptnon" hopr ! ins'Jcnt 
dcjr.idln^ nien.icol A. popi il.it inn 
oi furly miilionii, attixh^-d lo their 
soicre igii and country, and dcvoiL-d 
lo their Teii'.:ion and Jaivs, iln- lca»t 
brave tnan of whom is supiiior lo 
his onliii'.crn'.^a and vic(ii;i*, cjn- 
i»ot be L-nn<]uiTed by any ii.Vrro- 
2ene<im force which he n>uld 
muster." Alter recountint; wlial 
lia» been dotin, the eniper.ir giic« 
on to obs-rve.  Much houa-er 
rcniain-i to be il'ine, and thai is in 
ytiiir po'Acr. l.?t ihe liiii; .if his 
retreat be rendered nitinomble by 
your honest indii^nation : dcr.iro/' 
every thins wliieU can be of ser- 
vice to him, and our commandcra 
have ordcis to reinuneraie yuit, 
Ren<ler your bridge), yoiir road*. 
impassable. In line, adopt and 
execute the sngijeKtiinis of a brjve, 
wiic, and patriotic heart, and sh^iw 
yourselves deserving of the th.ioka 
of your rounlry aiul your sove> 
reign." Willi what effa:t iheac 
injunftions were put in pracljca 
may l>o inferied fmm the narrative 
already given of tlie disastrous re- 
turn of the surviving Trencli froiw 
the conntry they had so cruelly 
desolated. It only lemains to bo 
ob«avcd, that Ihc Hiissiacj, not 
contented with the complete cx- 
piilsiou of their invaders, fu)b«'ed 
up their succesR without takinji 
the repose usually allotted to the 
winler, and exerted thcmselvca for 
(l.c recovery of the districts aii- 
i;cted lo their empire, and tlio 
renewal of ilifir former influence 
in that part of Europe, fiut the 
)virticu!ar« of iliese vigorous efforB 
will form matcriiils for the public 
histor}' of another year, 

Sweden continued during thi» 

year to fix the attention of poli- 

ttpiansj by a systent of condoet 

tlut 



i: 



1^6] ANNUAL REGISTER, !««. 









1' 

 ;i 



! V * 



( .' 



■* ta 



• ; 



^'•'' 



^ai g^v^ scope to a variety of 
conjectures, but \%bich was pro- 
bably a necrssary consequence of 
her peculiar i*itunlion. The state - 
naent of ber affairs made b> the 
crown-priuce to the king, on the 
resumption of the royaj a itbority 
by the latter, on January 7th, was 
noticed in our last volume. It 
evidently pointed at a system of 
iodc^pendent neutrality as that 
"which ought (• be adopted by the 
kingdom^ and which it pos^^essed 
the nieans of maintaining. In the 
tame month, some representations 
were made by the Swedish mi- 
nister at Paris on behalf of mer- 
chants whobe ships had been taken 
by French privateers during the 
war; to which ihe answer givtn 
was, that the war had liquilated 
all these claims. Shortly after, 
the French charge d'atfaires at 
Stockholm made a requisition in 
behalt of certain Frei^ch, Dunh,^ 
and Genoese aediiors of the ^.tattj, 
demanding that the commissio' ers 
for the nuional dtbt shiuild p y 
them, if not tl.tir capitals, at least 
the interest which had accru*rd. 
To this, the Swedish n.iiii^ter for 
foreign aflfairs was directed to re- 
turn the same answer that was 
given in ihe former case, " That 
the war between the two powers 
had liquidated all debts whatever. 
These replies and retorts indicated 
little wish in the two courts to 
live in harmony with each other. 

The occupation of Swedish Fo- 
inerania by the French has been 
mentioned as one of the earliest 
military events of the year. It 
seems at first to have produced the 
intended , effect of influencing the 
Swedish government \ for in an 
official publication by that govern-- 
racQt on the .subject of t^e ca> 



trance of the French into Strd- 

sqnd. it is said that thi» pnocoeding^ 
was not to be regarded as a hostile 
act. An. application, also, made 
by the merchants to the crown- 
prince for piTiiMssion to insport 
gO{His from Greut Britain, met 
witli a decided negative j and it 
wa% followed by strict orders to 
the goiternor of Gottenburgh not 
to admit B.insh merchandize into 
the ports of Sweden without im- 
mediately sequestrating the same. 
As the pro^^pect of bostihtits be- 
tween 'France an^} Russia, how- 
ever, became more certain, the 
conduct ot Sweden a siuned a more 
determinate aspect \ and when the 
Russian general Von Suchtelen was 
on his mission at Sioekholm, he. 
was joined in the beginning of 
April by Mr. Thornton, the Eng- 
lish mtnister, though as yet under 
po public character. On April 
2ot() , the diet of the kingdom as- 
sembh'd atOrebro Jt was opened. 
by n speech fn^n ihc king, in 
which, aiifi alhiding to the na*»pj 
effect of various acts pashed at tfale 
form'-r diet, he savs, " I havi^ 
called you together at a moment 
when grcjt and important occur«^ 
ren<es, out of .our t^ive countzj. 
se^m to threaten Europe with new 
tpisfortuttes. Guarded by her si- 
tuation from the forced obligation 
of pay i ng obedience to foreign su^ajf. 
which possibly m ght not accora 
with her own interests, Sweden 
has every thing to hope frotti 
unity, vatouTt and conduct .j ev^vjf 
thing to lose, if she gives heC9i^ 
np to intestine divisions/ andion- 
wise fear." His Majesty proa^^ 
to set forth the advantage ctf nnipiv 
and hiuts at the reasons whk^ iiir 
duced him to convoke tbi^ dip^M 
Qrebxp raiber than at %ipck|u3)iD y 

and 



GENERAL HISTORY: [187 

aod he coochides his '* fixed de- Atigust, with a speech from tht 
termination of going hand ID hi^nd king, in which he congratnlatct 
with his ^on, (ihe crown-prince) the assembly on the spirit of 
in defiance of threats from with- unanimity which had prevailed in 
out, amd possibly, of opihions at their deliberations. *• You have 
bome, to maintain the liberty and shewn (he says) that a king wuh 
indeprndence of this ancient realm." upright intentions, and an open 
In tho reply of the crown-prince candour, iifcd not f^ar, even under 
to the states, there is a pa«?6age, ad- foreign circun siancrs of gri*?.i im* 
dresf-ed particulirlv to tht- burghers, port, to rely on the deputies of Wt 
^vhich still more expliciOy dec^.n^s people j and that no foreign prm^er 
the policy intt nded to be adopted, can loosen or break those t)oiids of 
*' Yoa will shew what fl nation is niilonj which bind together the 
c«pfablc of effecting when def«-r- heir to Sweden's throne, and thd 
mined to frt-e its commercial in- free-born heirs to Sweden's soil.** 
dubtry from ail foreign yokes."^ He informs them that, conhdent 
At this period, orders were sent to^ in the maxim, thai strong dtf nsive 
• he coast to atfod British ships \ti prepararions are the best means to 
distress every assistance they might ensure the peaceable situatioi of a 
rtK^uire 5 and Mr. 'fhornton was state, he had found it necessary to 
received at f^rebro as ttie accredited pay a particular attemion to the 
minister of Great Britain at the military force of the kingdom $ 
Swedish court. and he funher announces, thM on 
The following decree relative to the IBlh of la^t moirth he had 
commerce was aft^rwa^ds issued con<kidrd a peace with tlie king 
by the Swedish government. of Great Britain, which had been 
Art. I. From the 15th of Au- ratified two da) sago. The crown- 
gust all the pons of Sweden shall prince also delivered his tareweK 
be opened to vessels of ev«ry flag addnss on the same day, in wbicli 
and nation j but every foreign ves- the hading topic was an eulogy oo 
«el is only allowed to import such the coolness maintained in the de- 
goods as are either produced or liberation of the diet amidst the 
manufactured in that very country din of arms resounding from the 
or it3 colonies. Dwina to the Tagus, and (he ani- 
Art. 2. All goods imported by mosityof some of their neighbours, 
foreign vessels to pay 40 per cent. The only warlike hint appears in 
more duty than such as arrive in the following passage, addr^sed to 
Swedish onesj evt-ry vessel acting the order ot knighthood and no^ 
against the above order, and import- bility : *• Should circumstances rc-> 
ing such goods as are not derived quire it, shotild there be no hope 
frotn her home country, shall be for S we- den pursuing her way m 
confiscated, together with its cargo, peace, llien will your khig have 
Art. 3. Swedish vessels are al- recourse to your manly counge, 
lowed to import all goods from and our watch-word shall be, God, 
evtry place of the world. The liberty, and our native country.** 
exports are equal for Swedish as The treaty with Ei gland above 
ibr foreign vessels. alluded to consif^s of only four 
' iTbe diet cloied oo th« IStli of articlss, the Import ofwhicb ii^. 



HS] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1813, 



tbe restorari(Hi of the relations of 
peace aad commerce between the 
two nations on the footing whereon 
they stood on the tst of January 
1^91, and an engagement on the 
part of the king of Great Britain 
to concert measures with the 
Swedish government for the secu- 
riry and independence of Sweden^ 
in case she should uiidergo any at- 
tack in resentment of the treaty 
now catered irfto. 

The interview between the 
crown-prince and the emperor of 
Bnssia at Abo has already been 
noticed. This circumstance, with 
the assembling of a fleet at Gotten- 
borgh apparently for the embarka- 
tion of a body of troops^ excited 
grcM expectations in the north of 
•ome inu&ediate co-operation on 
tlie pkrt of Sweden with the armies 
of Russia; although the caudous 
language of the king and prince to 
the states seemed cleariy to limit 
the intentions of the Swedish go- 
vernment to merely defensive mea- 
sures. It is true, the opportunity 
might have been taken^ of an at- 
tempt to recover Pomerania, while 
the FVewfh armies were otherwise 
enipioyed ; but the final succfss of 
theeampaignwasyet dubious, and 
Sweden, by keeping up a respect- 
jibte neutrality, might hope to ob- 
tain on easy terms by negociation, 
what could only be gained at great 
cost «nd hasuml by war. The 
sKhrchittg of troops towards the 
«ea*^>orts was, however, continued 
4i11 the tnbnth of October, when 
4he lateness of the season began to 
render fiiHit the espectatlon ^ the 
iaiUng of an expedition during the 
tuirent year. In £sict, whatever 
night (have been the motive for 
keepinj^ up appearances of this 
fcmd^ thp Swodiih gwdmmeat 



steadily adhered to a [dan irliqh 
can scarcely be doubted tp have 
been dictated by the goondest 
policy relative to thecircomstaaces 
of the country. £bihau$tcd as it . 
was by a former war, and bj no 
means free from party dissension . 
at home (of which sufficient iD« 
tiniations are given in the king a 
speech to the diet), it wpoldhave ' 
been the height oif imprudence to 
have plunged into a dangerooa 
quarrd 5 and the firm asser6on of ^ 
the national independence .'witt* 
glory enough for one of the' «e* ^ 
condary states of Europe, at a tinm [ 
when so many of the. first ^dsss ^ 
were nedueed to a condition whidi , 
rendered them the mere satellites df 1 
overgrown power. With, r^sapcct * 
to Sweden we have only i^itln * 
to mention, that its goverotfidit . 
concluded a treaty df peace witk '. 
the regency of Spain acting in the 
name of Ferdinand VI I., thus Innd* , 
ing itself ttill more finnhr to tbe 
cause opposed to that of m9ce. 

Dbnmakk, Averawed^ ^robbe^ 
impoverished, could scarcely «^ 
more in this revolaii<Mi^rj- state of, 
the north th^i give some 4okcDS^. 
i.er exisfeiico as en i^iJepGodeQi 
country Her continental ^Kviaoft- 
slons entirely at the merc;y of 
France, it could not be e^^pected 
that, even if willing, she, fhou^ 
desert tbe antiQomm<>rcial syil^n,' 
imposed by its rukr, bow^nei^i^ 
soever to her own mercsrrHiile m- 
terest; and it was enough ,j^t|]^ 
be compelled to follow in j^rfiiiUi 
of dependents which Napdc^ IcA . 
to the subjiigation of bei.feivoa:.. . 
^reat ally. She atill ^rh^J^Af .^, 
petty maritime war with ^n^^ao^ ' 
of which some of the eveQb;«ymfir . 

in our account of naval tmnsji^^M^ r 
and her flodllasfiMiosaecl ^Mer^im ^ 

and 



GENERAL HISTORY. [1^ 

and tmlniouty tnac^ to beooma workofrestoniig the finaaacA. A^ 

troublesome, if not formidable^ cirjeular published at VicDna on 

adversaries. In the meantimev in December the 28tb, 1811, hat tbo 

all personal occurrences betweea. following preamble : " By a de<« 

Ijhe Danes and English, there ap- cree of the I8th of this month, his 

pears to have subsisted a feding of lipperial Majesty having judged 

ancient kindred and aUiaace which it indispensably necessary for the 

has alleviated the rancour of pa- relief of the finan(%s, and providtog 

litical resentment; and the arrogant for the necessities of the States 

dictatorial conduct of the French to raise the contribution^ called th9 

minister, Alqtiiec, a^ the court of Contribution of the Qas^s,t witl]^ 

Copenhagen, has probably inspired the addition of 50 per cqut. and tbet 

the nation at large with an earnest personal contr^ution, during tbe 

wish to l>e delivered from servitude, course of the military yev 18^1^ 

Its internal suiferingi from scarcity has ordered that these taxes ^baU 

of provisions have been very dia- be raised within tbe said year/' 

tressingi and few countries in £u<- That the burdens of a state should 

cope seena at present more entitled be continued, and even increasedf^ 

ta^ coxnmiseratioii« Domestic dis* for a period subsequKnt to the res-, 

■afisions aggravate the calamitiea toration of peace, is a necesspiy 

nn^r whic£ it labours. In the consequence of tbe long an4 dre^ 

latter part of the year we are told ful wars in which Eucqie bas^b^^ 

that the reigning prioce bad dis« engaged, and must be cxpep^e4 ^Y; 

missed all his ministers, and had all the powers who hav%had tb^ 

aasnraed the sdft conduct of affairs, misfortune tash^^Qin them*. iQ- 

vitlx tbe assist ^ce only of his though rigorous measures of taxa* 

aides-de-camp. The French troops, tion could b^ osrried with, Ut^i^ 

in Holstein and Slfswick haviag opposition in tbe hereditary, domi^ 

been withdrawn to accompany nions of Austria^ the sam« i^cilitp 

thdr countrj*men to Russia, the did not exist in the kingdom <^ 

Danish militia had been embodied Hungary. The winter session of 

to a nninber beyond all precedent, tbe Hungarian diet was a scen^ of 

apparently from jealousy of the longer and more violent disc^^fio^a 

imarlike preparations of Sweden; than had been witnessed for ma? 

and their augmentation bad proved ny years. The magnates ^nd r^ 

an. additional cause of discontent., preventatives of the people coqcuK- 

TBe government being absolute, red in opposing fitiaocial m^asunea 

there exists little community of introduced as absolutely aeeessaiy 

interest between prince and peo. for the salvation of the state. They 

pie ; and if the fomser, as is as-, urged that the constitution of tho 

sehed, adheres firmly to the French ceuntry did not permit tbem^ to 

all|ance, it may be because he acquiesce in the imposition of suck 

fiocis a powerful protector neces- heavy burdens : that the bravo and 

saiy'for the support of his authority loyal Hungarians were always rea** 

at qottftf. /, dy to make sacrifices in support cC 

The Court of Vienna was the rights of their sovereigos i but 

principally occupied, about the be- that if they were to adopt the fioaa« 

gicfuing ot th^ year, in the great cial plan proposed by thf. n^ifitfii;!^- 

.".'''■"■ '• -atf 



90] ANNUAL REGISTER, ISIJ. 

'i rnvj^i} proportion of the pub- peari, tndeml, to hare trtca kl 

c boTitrni would be laid upon part in good«anmti and if the 

irm, fw the relief of ihc h^re- arcounU commanicaled by its 

liar/ Eiaioi. Ai much incoiivr' oominanJer are (a be credited, it 

ipticfr Brn<K ff om ihe protingaiion fully miiin.ai&eil (he reputation trf' 

f ihrse diiputcs, the cooit< of its valour and discipline ; butbov 

['•ice being in ihe mean lime far rhe Emperor Franciii will think 

lur. and the exivnse* of the diet himsell bound to penist id kii 

intinnaliv ang'Heniing, it ivat nt alliance, should tlie face and Ar- 

ngtli ^fl^rM that Hungary should nirie of Eurc^ put on a new m- 

ly within two yean, 24 milliont pect, lime and eveota alone caa 

'florins in bitlsuf otchangc; de- determine. 

vrr in'o ibe imperinl magnzines With re»p^ct to the reit «f Ga- 

nir millions of measures of grain, many, iig di-p(;ndrnl king* tai 

'■ ditferent sons; and submit lo in-iignificant p'incm, so frw traces 

t extraordinary impost of two remain of it4 separate exiitaocs, 

jrint for each quintal of salt that nothing bag oocurred hittori- 

iring three years. cally to distinguish ibe Gcrnank 

After Ihe Rmpeiw of Austria body from the general massof sub- 
id consented to form a ftmily jecu and siitelJIiei which swell tfaa 
ii(H) wiih the French Emprror, train, and are linkrd to the <tesii- 
>thtng less could be eapected nics, of Ibe French Empcrcir. It 
an that their political ajslcms any ibini> of a national, spirit sdfl 
ould partake of the same coo- exists in ihai part ot Europe, it 
ft. ihe treaty, therefore, be- must be impatient to libecaie iriejf 
rren the two courts, of which from sucb a state of degradation; 
ention h:is been alnady made, but without some rallying pcanr, at 
luld encilc no surprise; and as which [he scat'ercdfo^ce<^alBar- 
e Auvtrian limited the succour tial pcoplt; may be concentered, it 
ven to Napoleon, in his war nllh will be vain tu expect any effectial 
Ltstia, tn the conting'-nt specified resistance to a power which tni 

the terms of the agreement, no the art of makin;^ division the in- 

rticular hosiility against that strmnent of motual lubjugation. 

>wer on his part could be infer- Such a point was once aflorded by 

d. It is not to be doubted that Pru^ia ; but the sovereign of that 

iMtria, as the third military power conntry most cjert much mora 

I the continent, must always vigour than has hitharta appealed 

!w with an eye of jealousy the to belong to bis character, be^bre 

edomin.-ince of either of the be can shake otF the fcnera whkh 

fier two; but her past bumilia- at present bold him as a state pri- 

n by France, and the vast re- soner in bis own donuninns. 
arcei, and overbearing am'bition Of the remainder of Burope^ 

its Ruler, roust naturally disin- Sicilt has presented llie principal 

ne her to contribute to the ag- object of curiosity, at least, if wot 

indisement of an empire already of interest. It was impossHrie 

dangerous to the independence that such a divided rale, ia one 

Furop". The Austrian army island, as th.tt of a tbreigncoiirtoa 

idcr Prince Scbwarlzenberg pp- one hii[id,^aiid a foiti^amyMi 



•GENEEAL HISTORY. 



C19I 



ever a luiive pociilation 



botli, 



Viillaix Utii[i.ck.H<:on- 
kpies Miii :i<-sjs:tii-> ill the 
France wiii ili-onuiftl, 

mtb oII)LC'nili.'t,isii, 

?1e:iilei$ bcir.g air>.-sii;J, 
by a riiiitiary cuiiniii 
s-ina. and »ohic ot' ihcm 
tmdfniici]. TIio rui>it(l 

Ihc Quren to ilii; Ktig- 
dencv in Sicily, and Jicr 
.t t.>'ihe Freiioli iiiicccst, 
icienily n<anitL-^t iti the 
» III rhe lust yi'ar : ihe 

iucapacily of tlic King 
red him unfit lu hold (l;e 
hiiig llicieforc rcmainni, 
1 seiile a rc-^iilnr {;ovf rn- 
rsgioiicteiit iviih ilic views 
lish cabinet, but 10 place 
riiy ill iht* IimikU of the 
large, siip[>nnt<l by tlic 
nay. Ah a htcp tu this 
K fugitive Biiroiis u-iic 
lJa»u:iry, anil wtrevcl- 
Palrrnto l>v a giijiit tscort 
% to the hi^l) displeajiire 
gen. Lord W. tienlirck 
ired Capliiin-Gt-D. ral i>l 
oopc in the island, and 
xerai appbitse by lii^ 
pradrul cnudiict. I'h^ 
I atirrwards. on the pic- 
lispnsilion, made a tonikl 
B of bis royal aiithnriiy in 
Wlieti. upoii the muiioii 
|Kth I'firliatitcnt tiir a rr- 
tbe subsidy of 'JCD.iXXil. 
iliiD Maji'viy, iliii Ijc: 
1 notice of, Lord Ca^llc- 
Ond Ifac HciisQ iliiit no 
iidcnce had been used to 
iXIng to taki: this step, 
 choce rallier to call u 
^•■Dlnlitutioii of anollier 
dfen tn sbdicalion. 



It now Imrame the gre« objrct 
to fit!,ir a new consciimiun fiir ibo 
i^l.ind, aridilieiittini:it<-conmction 
which Iml fir M'mr years subsisted 
hfiwt-fn ibc Sicili:in* iind ibe Eng- 
lish can-eil the Eriii-h con.iiiuiion 
to I'c i.do])ted HI ihe niiidel. On 
Jtih the 'JUih, ih" Parliament of 
the l^lillH! a-iirmiil'd io tic usual 
niamiiTr.i Paleroii', when iheyen- 
t(Ti\l u|>cn the iinpnrlani bu&ineu, 
punuani to the insiruetidni of his 
itoial Highows the Vi.ar-Gene- 
ral, ur delegate of soverriiiii autho- 
riiv. They hcgan liy fixing Ihe 
limiis nf ihe legMalive. executive, 
and judiciary powcrN ; the fir.t of 
which ihty ItMl^cd in ihe l>arlia- 
nieiit, ilie-'emndiii the Kini;,witb 
penoual inviolability, but with re- 
sjMin&ible miiiistcn. 1 he judges 
were declatciJ iiidependeiii, but 
impeachable by ilie Commons, if 
puiliy of criminil conduct. The 
Parli.-im^iii insic'ad ot lieing, as be- 
fore, divided into ihreir bMnches,' 
was to lTlns!^! onl ; of tn*o hou'es ; 
one of Common', ciim|.iv«i of ihe 
reprtseiitalivcs of ihc cilice and b.i- 
rtmies ; and one of Lord*, formed 
by t!:c iiiiinn ut' ihu ecclesiastical 
Hiiii baninial brancbfs. 'Ihe pri- 
vileges (if these hou^^es, and tlw 
iTiodi- (if ciiaciing taws, were co- 
pied fidiu the F-cglisli conslituliui. 
it wa4 a proof boih of the nisdom. 
ajid the ]jatriiiiiim of the barons, 
lh:it they retiouticed the. feudal 
privil'gU'i which had descended to 
ihcm through eight centuries, and 
were ronfirmcd by the laws of the 
kiiii^doni, and conleiited theiu- 
ith the common rights of 



Thus 



appa 



■nllv 



ith- 



opposition, one of ihe worst 
j^overucd countries in Eiin)|je has 
acqi'.irtil the means of becoming 
one of the best governed, proTided 



^J ANNUAL REGISTER, 181J. 

it (hall poncM virtiH and courage fmtn In war with Rtustft, hare 

to matDbtiD the advantages it hai afforded Utile worthy of record 

pined, md the tasae of the great during the presMit j-ear. Cod- 

■Jbtisiing contest ihall leave them 9taniino|ila has been afflicie * with 

frae from tbe controol of tiitaign one of those periodical retn. of 

sway. peAilence, to which' it miui i» 

It wai not to bo expected that aror liaWe, while the system of 
 cbflDgein tbe coiutitution from fatalism }»-events the ose of ao)r 
abiotuts . to limited monarchy precautionary measures agaiost 
shotild be acquiesced in hy the that scotir^e ; and it is sai^ tbar 
Court without a struggle j and" an annsoally Iftrge propottloir of 
various intinuitions have bcrn given its population hai been KwepE 
rt attempts by ibc Queen's party Off by the disease. Smyrna, like- 
to'excitfl i^i$liirl>ance5, and to wise, and nthercities ill the; em- 
destroy that English influence pire, have suffertd' under the same 
thnnigh which the change has calamity. It doteS not appear that 
been effected. It is probable that any thing eifectua! has been done 
agreaterresislBnccwouIdhavebeen lo\Vards the soppreasioii of thai 
Utade, hadnot Lord W. Itentinck formidable cla«s of sectat-ies, 'Ihe 
possessed.tn the disposal of the sub- Wahabees. In tbe iprinc. inrel- 
ndj", a powerfal means of restrain- Bgeticc was received of the defeat 
ing violent measures. The im- of Jussum Pasha; in an engage- 
possibility of paying the Siciliaa ment with them near Medina. He 
army withoot its aid obliged the loslsome thousand .men, and re* 
Gi^u^sn very reluctantly to leave it tired in disorder to the banks ot 
eniirely under his command, and the Bed Sea, where he >V4S w«t- 
tHtis deprived hrr of that support ing for reiiiforceraenU. 
to, arbitrary power which seldom The peace with Kossia, liowevcr 
fails to be given by a niililary neccesar)', baviug been attended 
force (aiiirely organised and ap- with some cession of the Tarkish: 
pointed by the Crown. After all, territory, was regarded a« disb*- 
hcr di;'i.'iffi;cllon to the ne.v order nqurabie at the Porte, and the go- , 
ol tilings must have remained in vcrnment gave some of the iisml 
activity, biiice wc are lold, in tolicns of its cKspleasure. Prince 
let) e rs froin Sicily, datM Octuber Demetri llorousi, formerlyHosFo- 
tlie^jOil't that the Queen was or- dar of Moldavia, one of the Oito- 
dcred lu reside at S:ii:it Marga- man Fkuipotentiaries,. who signed 
rim. a retired sitiu-iiion on the thetreaty, was beheaded at Scbom- 
■ouLliern side of the island, and la, tlje Grand Vizier's quarters, b^ 
was prohibited fiom coming to orders fiom the Grand Seignior, as 
P^ermoj and that there was an having been a part iza a of Rmsja; 
inteniioD of sending iier to Vi- and the richest individual in Rtid- 
enna in the summer. . shuck fell a sacrifice to a sinuJai 

The alfairs of TurklYj apart imputation. 



- a E ^J £ R At Hi s t o Brr/ ' [m 



05. 

,7 



CHAPTER XJX» 

tJnieed Stales of Jmerk^'^Eeso/uikms ht/itfomr rfWaf^-^Mr, OalLM$ 
Budgtt-^CDrrtsfnndtnci httwieft Mess, Foster and Monroe-^yifdmo^ 
jfity increased by Henrys Absshn^^AeS fir an EmhargO'^Other War 
Mrasurepy-Ofifosiikm^-'H^r dechmd'-^tatt of Vtates-^AcUQ^ wtk 
the Bthidera FrigmtH'-^'Disiuriiance neat Monirecu^ Congress ad* 
joumed^-Riot and Massacre at Bahhnon^^^eneral HuWs Incurskrk 
into Canada, and Capture — Refusal of the President io coftfirman Ar* 
wdstsce — Cc^urt rftke Quertiere — Letters of Marque issued by England 
•^American Antigailiean Parties — Defeat and Capture of General 
WadrwortJi — Qmgress te-assembied-^P resident's MLSsuge-^Engagf- 
encntt bettifeen tlse Frolic and IFasfi, and the Macedwtian and United 
StateS'^Generai Dearborn* s Advance to Chumplain-^Bkckade of the 
Chesapenk and Delaware. 



FROM, the teoiper manifested 
by the President and Congress 
of t4ie UfiiiTEO States towards 
the close of last year, it was evi- 
dent that nothing could prevent a 
war between that country and 
Great Britain, but either a change 
in the system pursued by the latter, 
of a dread in the former to conoe 
to the point of actual hostilities, 



disciussidn, the several resolutions 
were carried by majorities, of 
which the lowest was 109 to 22* 
and the highest 110 to II. A 
motion in the same house for the 
indefinite postponement of a bUl 
for raising 25,000 additional troops 
was rejected by a majority of 98 to 
29 — a division which might be re- 
garded as almost the immediate 



Under the prospect of much suffer- forerunner of hostile proceedings. 

ing from abroad, and much dis- It appeared at this time, that the 

. content at home. That> however^ advocates for war, besides the lure 
the American Government might of rich prizes to be m^ade by the 
calculate upon a support of their American privateers, threw out 
measures from public opinion* suf- confident expectations of the con- 
fident to ensure the compliance quest of Canada, 
neccssaiy for their execution, Mr. Gallatin*s budget was laid 
might be inferred from the man- before Congress on January the 

. ner in which the resolutions of the 12th. It recommended a loan of 

committee of foreign relations 10 milliom of dollars, to meet the 

were received by the House of Re- exigencies of ihe present year, and 

presentativcs, the most popular calculated that a like loan woul4 

, part of the constitution. On the be necessary for several years to 

divUioQ. which took place in this come It also gave (he comfurta- 

, V6u £lV- • ' LO] * * Wo 



iy4j ANNUAL REGISTBRv lils. 



We prwpect of cxmtinaally ii- 
crening laso to p^ ibe interest 
of ibese loaoi. A correepoDclcncc 
betwvcn Mr. Poslrr, the English 
miniiter, and Mr. Monroe, the 
Americsn teeretary of itate, wai 
loon aftri coromunicatod to Con- 
Sreci, with the Pretident* remark 
npon it) which wniin these wudi: 
" The coDtinQcd evidence atibrded 
in tbii cfifreapondencc of the tio(> 
tile policf (^ the Bririib govern- 
ment against our national rigbla, 
•irengtbens the corsidentions re- 
coiBinendiQg and ui^ing the pre- 
pturatiMi of adequate mrani for 
maintaining them." Ii would be 
■nperflqoui to give a ikatcfa of the 
drgnaienti used un each »ide in 
tbtt diicuHioK — arguinenti jrefcr- 
ring to tlic beaten topic of the 
French decrees and ISnglinb orders 
ofcouscil, and which have proved 
totally inefficacious to produce 
conriction on the different parties. 
in reality, (he bw of nationB, 
tbough perpetuatly refenvd to, is 
•0 vague in its principles, and so 
varying in Its application', that it 
ciin never be relied on actually to 
decide points on wtiich the inte- 
rests of contending states airong ly 
draw in opposite directions, and 
no unrtpire exists to wliom appeal 
«an be made. ]n the presenl un- 
?iappy quarrri, both parties boaiied 
of their moderation and forbear- 
ance; both a11;gt!d tbe reason 
and justicp of then" cauae; yet 
.both were in fnct dct-.rmined by 
iDolivei of Slate-policy operating 
•Kclusifely upon tfaeniielves. 

Whet) the particulars of raising 
the necMsary topplies for the war, 
and etpiipping an adequate mili- 
tary force, came to t>e discussed in 
Congren, the great majorities in 
ftvoar Af the iDcaiuret proposed 



by goremoieBt do nb^BC tipfCM- 
ed, and Mveral questims. vcfe 
bareljt carried. It night oov.k>re 
beea hoped that dw near paro ap ttt 
of tbe inevitable burdena ciMne- 
quent upon open botttUlic^ wnaU 
have occasioned a pause, ^ntiiig 
whichlhc friends of peace <xibaih 
sides might poMribly disoover loae 
expedient to bring natnis Man 
egrtteiiMuit ; butt just 3t this jmc- 
lore an incident ocouriedJwlnclL 
added tkw etesperatHBittitJas ei- 
iitiiig ill will. Tbe Pnaident, on 
March 9th, sent a messge tabodi 
HousU, biyiiig beftre them oopiei 
of document* to prove, that at a 
recent period, the British ^oven- 
mcnt bad sent a secret ageat into 
the United SiaMs,iar.lhBpaipaM 
of f(»iicnting, disaffbciion against 
tbe constituted aulhoritica, and 
eventually of effecting a acparuiaa 
in the union. The cirounsftaiice to 
which this complaint refcitod, was 
the miKBion of a CaptaiD Henry 
into Ma«iachaoet'9, by Sir James 
Craig, governor of Canada, n- 
spcciing which, an intjuiry is-i^ 
EnglUb parliament lu« already 
been reported. It tfacnsappetftd 
that tome improper steps bad -in 
fact been taken by Sir J. Craig, 
but without tbe knowled)^ of the 
government at home. The mem- 
bers of parUaraent. however) v&o 
most condemned thii condnct. a- 
greeJ that the Prendent wooM 
have acted more correcriy in-tnak- 
ing 3'^eInon^baIroe to the Biitiih 
administration, and receiving its 
explanations, before he brought tbe 
charge into Congress] tMttiepco- 
bsbly coold not reaitt the ttmpfa- 
tion of making ute of sncli an op- 
portunity to rekindle tbeanimn- 
lity of hii fcllaw-citnen» a^iMit 
this country, which was perfaspt 

h^ttUUDf 



. OENEBAL HISTORY* [igs 

- iMghsnlng ta ntbside. * Itwas^ 'iti« This violent bill passed to a tbkd 
doed, too «fficaciDUs for Utis pur- ' readiog in the House of Eepreaea- 

•posej.for it it said, that wl»en the tatives, such were the ieelifigs 

<iocumeQts iw^re read> a .bucat of which at that time govefoed the 

indignation proceeded < from jail American republic! An attempt 

ports of the hoOse. A thousand CD- was made by the BM)derate party 

pies'w^rfrordered to be^ prkited for tbac^uru the two. houses, in or* 

- dispenion throughout the Union. der to give tloie for a cooleir dis- 

4 in the beginning of April, at a cussion of these topics, but it failed! 

secret sitting of Congress^ an act of c^«ct. The mercantile interest 

\ras passed- fot la3riag an embargo in «the eastern states also petitioned 

on all the ships and vessek of the £ot some rctaKation of the embar- 

United States^ for.tte terni of go go ; and a motion was made for 

dayn from the date thereof f the the repeal of the non -importation 

purpose of which was doubtless to acr, upon the ground of the ne- 

expodite the ntanntngof the Ame- cessitjr iy£ bringing home property 

ricanahips of war, and to prevent belonging to the citizens of the 

any iqore pledges from remaining United States, previously to en* 

in the power of an enemy on the gaging in a war -, but the goveru- 

.- coiunaencement of' hostilitiiss. Tliis ment would aot yield in either of 

act was f(^k>wed. by another, pr9- these points. At the aanoe time,' 

fatbiting the exportation of specie, while hostilities were impendiog 

and of any goods or merchitndize, wkh one of tlie belligerent powers, 

foreign or domestic, either by land the relations with the other were 

or water,, during the continuance by no meant sai isfactory ; aod o.i 

'o£ the embargo. As a further pro- ^lay 26th, a correspondence was 

greas towards hostilities, a bill was laid before Congress by the presi- 

introduced into the House of Ee- dent,* between Mr. Barlow^ the 

presentatives about the end of American minister at Paris, and 

April, " for the protection, reco- the] secretary of state, in which the 

*Ter7, and indemnification of Ame- former states the inattention of the 

rican. seamen," the first clause of French government to his coin- 

■which declares that every person plainis and claims for redress, ai|d 

viio, under pretence of a commis- announces that he is obliged, after 

sion from a foreign power, shall long waiting, to send away his dis- 

impress upon the high seas a na- patches without the treaty which^ 

live seaman of the United States, nc expected to have concluded. 

sbaU be adjudged a pirate and a The temper of the House of 

felon, and upon conviction, shall Representatives with respect to a 

sniffer death Another article gives war with England, was rendered 

to every such seaman in2prtS5ied manifest by the result of a motion 

under the British flag, the right by Mr. Randolpl), on May uytii. 

of attaching in the hands of ai)y That gentleman, after a long 

British subject, or in the hands of speech concerning the present rt* ^^ 

4iny ddfior^qfuTtjf Bfiiisk subject, a lations of the United St^^tes with 

sum eqdal to 30 dollars per month Qreat Britain and France, subuotit- 

&2rth« whole time of his detention, t-d to the House the followiiig ir- 

^...>/ "-. V , [O 2] . solttliijft i 



196] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



Solution : " That under the prr- 
scnt circumstance'? it is inexpedient 
to rcsorl to n war witli Great Kri- 
tiln." The que«;tion being then 
put, thnt the House do proceed to 
the I'oti^idemtion of the said reso- 
lalion, it was negatived by (52 
votes against 3/. All hopes of pa- 
cific me:isuresnow theretore rested 
upon the determination of the se- 
nate. On June ^ih, the President 
laid before Congress copies of a 
rorrespondencc which had lately 
taken place between Mr. Foster 
and INlr. Monroe. It chiefly con- 
sisted ot a long argumentative let- 
ter from the former relative to 
the old subject of the orders in 
f'HUicil. and the French decrees, 
f»f whi'jh it is sufficient to remark, 
that nut the least expectation is 
held forth of any further relaxation 
on the part of Great Britain. On 
the contrary, Mr. F. says express- 
ly, " America, as the case now 
ttands, has not a pretence for 
claiminrj from Great Britain a re- 
peal of her orders in coxmcil.** Pre- 
viously, however, to this commu- 
nication, the President had sent a 
long message to both Houses, da- 
ted June 1st, in which he set 
forth all the injuries, and hostile 
measures (as he considered thein) 
practised by the government of 
Great Britain, and still persisted 
in, towards the United States, and 
recommended the subject to their 
early deliberations. (See State Pa- 
pers.) In consequence, discussions, 
with closed doors, took place in 
the two houses, the ti nal result of 
which was an net patsed on June 
ISth, declaring t^c actual existence 
tifwar between the united king- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland, 
and the United States of America: 



A list has been trabfislM 
votes in the House df Re 
tives on this momentons 
by which it appears that 
jority for declaring war 
against 4p. The support* 
were chiefly the soutti 
western states, to Pcnmyl 
elusive: the votes forpc 
chiefly in the eatterft aind 
states, New York taking 
As commercial gtievance 
tuted a great pan of lhec< 
against Great Britain, ad 
justify the resort to an 
highly probable, that if t 
in council had been rtlpei 
enough for intelligena 
event to have reached 
btforc the final decision 
vocates for peace woold 
quired so riiuch additional 
ns, at least, to have def 
declaration of hostilities 
had been given fof tn 
On the other points in dis] 
deed, little doubt seem 
entertained on this side 
lantic, that the re^ of ll 
protracted as it ^-as, wov 
lime enough to prevent a< 
But the first recoil from 
tion fldl of hazard and 
having passed, meti weit 
to regard it as a thing 
and to consider What | 
private advantage codld 
of the new state of alllii 
sequent events, too, 
highly probable that tb 
can government bad ai 
credit from the cotem 
of the War, espedaU/ : 
conquest of Canada, wh 
to have been nsgarded ii 
task. 
The first act of hos 



GENERAL HISTORY. [J97 

tipsao the two powers occurred al- aied one, and threateaed to come 

I»p8t , nmpediately ^fy&v the decla* the ne«t day to La Prairie, and ly- 

Jtk>o of war. Qownyyior^ ftodg^> berate all the youog meu of thcif 

oS t^ Vfe^^X ^Triga^jQ, living J^^tisb who were kept there. Ac- 

^^w York wiili a sqoadro;! c^f cur^iogly^ a large Ixxiy asstembleiJ 

.ship4 4if W^r, l^^yin^ received lo- at La Cbioe lo execute thb par- 

SAtJjCfOce (bat a ^ntUb convoy pose, when they w^re met byfi 

li^ Miied aboa^.a month before police magistrate, with a detachf 

..irpia-^apaaica^ made cour^ to the meat of regular troops. A par* 

HOOtbiiyfrd V and oa June 23d fell Iry ensued^ in which the iusui> 

.iPv^itb (^ 3elvi4cre Eogliab fri- gents pleaded that they did wo^ 

l^te^.Capi, ]^vco^» to which be consider the mlHtia act as fuller 

g^VfSchaoQ.. . Ti)^ Pri:sidt;pt .alp^e pasied. and that it had not beea 

, gqt Afiar enpugh; for ^ction, and a properly proiJ>-jIgated among thezx^* 

jruooing fi|r^ ^nsue^ for three Phey declared their readiness tp 

Jicmrs, after wbl/i^b the 3clvidere cpncur in the defence of tliisar 

Jnepi on hep, way 4^r Halifax un- coun;ry, but persisted in their d&- 

-,gaote|t^ having i^de^one some termination relative to the objcQlt 

•)4^cpi^e9aadl)ad«oa3Letmeti>iUed they had in view. The riot ac|t 

. 9||4 wounded. Th^ President also ^wof then read, and on their re* 

j.is^Qa.'PPcd ,600^ Josa of men» chiefty fiual to disperse, shots were fire4 

$KQVfk the Uniting of one of her by the troops, which were return* 

19^1^ gum. C^pl. Byron. conq\ud- ed by the insurgents; the latter 

-iflg from>;^hi& attack that war was were however soon dispetsed wlt^ 

_4p€lared^^ptured three Ainqrican a trifling loss. On the next day fi 

,g^fifcbaut vessels t^fore he arriv^ larger force was marched to th^ 

io port« which w^re released by >pot, who made a considerably 

.Adtniral SawjiCTi /commander qn number of pr'uoners, and brought 

. t^e ^lalilax statioa. them to Montreal. The governor 

> Ad occurrence near Montreal, ,act/cd with prudent lenity on tbp 

a))9ttt this time, dopbtless animated occasion, and discharged them 

.(he. hopes of the Americans with upon a promise to deliver up thp 

jreipocl to the meditated expedition instigators of the insurrection, and 

against Cait\ada. By a late, militia the deserters. It Is said thiit twp 

law, a draft of {2000 men was to attorneys, members of the hou^ 

.be made, from the militia of the ^i assembly, were the chief prp- 

^rovioce, for three months, in or- moters of this act of resistance, 

der to be trained and disciplined, which at such a crisis was certain* 

^Sqme of those w^ were to be ly of dangerous import. 

drafted- from the parish qi St. On July 6th, an act passed the 

Claire,., h«')viog refused to, march Congress to prohibit American 

to La Prairie to join the division vessels from proceeding lo^ or 

>taUone4 there, an oificer was sent trading with, the enemi^ of tl^ 

to apprehend the refractory per- United States, and also to forbid 

Jons as deserter^* Four of these the transport of articles of mu* 

were taken and carried off, but nilion of war, or provision, m» 

were fpllpwed by a mob whores- j^ie British fe^lements in Nor^i 

America, 



] ANNUAL REGtSTER, I8I2. 

■rica, and for ottitr restrrcllre JaJf 2?'th'; g mdR^aisrM^frd 4ieb 

OSes. Auihortty wai given to "fore the baate of 'iric%^dtt'W;'^%* 

President to grant pawporrs the pur'posc of dwW))>«g'^ft, ' •!» 

be trari'^portalion of ihips or cxp^l.^iion i^ihU ariiiVki litrbaA 

my belonging lo British sub- rtilleiteda nurti»-r rfl'fritf'rts'WIlk 

from Ihelimitiof tbeUtiiicd fire-artns to itcftWti ii ifnrt'lfce 

:», but ihe citizen* of these inside, aino> g v-btHa V/*t« Oitm- 

» were pri.hibiled from iat;ing rals Ln and Lii'^nn. ' A"ftrfi.»B» 

ces for trading from tbc Bri- affraV arfrit, in n-Wetf tttc 'Ortrit 

government. From this I'ay, vcie several titnM ^pullWA'lridi 

l^ongrew adjourned till tbe 2d loss. At lengtfr i»'partj'of'.-l*ffl- 

'ovember tary'wcre bro.tght lu tiwe^ bf 

iriie'i are the iiiwparjblc eon- the mai6r Snd firfitftl Strtrtw, 

itaiitsof freegoveriimeni'i, and io wlmm lIio<e vrf ifH^"d''fc4i^tt 

republic of Ihe United States who were left itt HH' tkiot!', 36 

always had i's full share of in 'ntimber, siftTtiid-'ted lbMi-> 

iissentions springlni^ from this selvei upon aisiitohdi of their 

=c. A war so differently af- safety, and W?(e- cofiitfttK^- *> 

ng the different parts of tbe prlKoti On the next Aaj, M' life 

n, could not but be received 'shamrfrl inStigltion-6f ^'^{Wbifc 

great diversity of leeling. At jourOal, "the' niob n-nOetribt^ 

nn, on the dny of its declara- before the Jail, with'ibe ftftea* 

, alt the ships in the port ii\s- tion of taking tbiit ittOfgcV^ni 

td flags half <^'i«t high, the havitig broken Op^n-'^e dpanti 

1 token of mouriilogi and a after some of The 'pfikbi ets h«d 

1 meeting was held in that rushed tbrovigh atrd' roBitt; ib^ 

in whicD a number of reso- escape, Ihry f^I. opfta ihfc''l»tt 

ns were parsed, siigmailzing with clnb<, and Mat theih tSl 

war as unnecessary and ruin- jrarcly any signi of Mft T«*Bta«!, 

and leading to a connexion General Lingatii a man' cf'fb, 

I Frapce destrntljve lo Amcri- and formeriT a trlftid of Wasblng- 

liberlv and independence. ton, wfts hiilert on thrf ^pd. <te- 

ery different were the popular tieral Lee, a distlngnishtd ^at^ 

imcnts in the soaihem states, on in (he revo^ulidpary war, had 

res\yarmsof privateers were his skull fractui;ed; tihd ' miDy 

aring to reap the ejpeeied others were seve«-lyinjor*d. The 

est of priMS ainong the West tritlitia rtftised td turn out wMic 

a islands. Of tbe towns in this mass.icre vH perpeitMtog, 

interest, Baltimore stood fore- and the tllayor it ssid to lur«'^ 

t in violence and outrage. A i^ente'd himself. It ttitisi be kdAfd, 

spaper'published there, cnti- that this airotity was re^l^d 

" The Federal Republican," with horror and indignation ia 

rendered itself obnoxjoils by all the other parii of tht Uniltd 

opposition to the measures of Slates, 

war-party, and menaces had The campaign a^iitst Catuda 

atedly been thrown oiit against commenced early m Jofy. ' On 

conductors. On tlie night of tbe llth of tbat montti, GeoeKil 



^GEN^SAIi ftiSTORY. 



1199 



MeU.'wiA.a Mr c^ i^no men. 
c«guUn and.icititu, , aro^i«d the 
^ver«l>oi>cOn(roitSjndiiurclted id 
j^nUwichiu thQprovioce i^t Upper 
panada. Ho.thete- issxieij s^.pro- 
:c1a(nali«ii to liic< Caiudians ia a 
■style crpresskng grwl conlideute 
cv/f wcccM, and ibrc^ieoiqg a mur 
.^fiteittmiKtiMn in ca»e pf ihe cm- 
.p)«^[»Mit of Hvagrs, which ap- 
-pnred lo be ao objcc;t of bis pecu- 
iliar ^r^ad. The Indians ucre, 
iMpre^cT, alreadf engaged i|> hos- 
.tUities witb lbs subjects of U>e 
; United Stum on llidr bordcrj and 
.itlUdligfincewattODTi after recfivrd 
■:o£ .Ui« cAfiture of Fort Micliili- 
:inaf:bjcv9ck,JDl>r 17j bj a combined 
-.fbrae of Kn^igh, Canndians, au^ 
Savaga, tbe latleiof wbcuii were 
iliitJberto kept iu perfect order. 
General Hull's next flperaiions 
r were dincied fgaJnM Fort Maiden, 
or.Aiubentbuig; and after baying 
,dn?en in ilje militia v\\q q>puic'd 
.fiim. bti^mved witb part vf his 
 forcn at the tiver Canard, whii^li 
lie thrice a'temped to cros«, hut 
VMM foiled wiih. considerable lu^s. 
Majer-Gencrai Brock, in ihe IJri- 
tiih-KTViop, had 1n ibc meantime 
.bocn active in collecting cuccaura 
, for tho relief of Fort Ambers burg, 
: Wid OR August 13, he entered ibnt 
place witb a reinrorcement, having 
jinct «iib nn obstacle, on accuupt 
loi iIk. superiority of the £iiiisb 
. naval fonx on ibe Likes. The 
- Aroeripa;!* bad, now beconjc liii- 
pniipd^ and had given up thi;ir 
; bopfs-of taking the fort with their 
present cneans. I'bef tetrealcd to 
tbeitfowu fort of Dmfii, and ihe 
Briiiih in their turn brcame ass:ii]- 
■Ots. Catteries were constructed 
opposite to that post, and a party 
cniiaed the river, and look a posi- 
^on to the west of it. Gen. Brock 



BQw TCKlvpd upon w Sfsnalt, 
(hough bis united force consisted 
of no pore than about fOO men. 
Including militia, and 600 auxiliary 
Indians. Tliiijcxireniity was, how- 
ever, prev^lrd by a |iropo:ial of 
capitulation from General Hull. 
The terms were soon settled, 3ii4 
tho important fort of Detroit uai 
surrendered, on August l6, wiili 
2^00 men and 33 pieces of ard< 
nance, (See London Gazelle). 
This was doubtless a severe morli- 
ficaitou to the Americans, as jt 
gave a decisive proof of ihe irSerivr- 
.riiy of their military prowess or 
skill to (hose of the enemy they 
bad prQvpked, and damped, their 
hopes of ibccotiqucst of Canndq. 
Thaitl   
be ii)ll-i 
preside 

.been le 

nor- get 
Dearbo 
.the Ai 
I hem ( 

the boj 
orders i 
geuce b 

,of the 

Slates, 

to pursi 

h; 



J ANNUAt REGISTER, i4i4. 

iitrdtiT afevfrigiiteiior ante bc«i kBM, and 6S ^T«ninded>- aiA 

'npondingtotlielargc^tBriinh, tbc injury atiitaiDed hf tb« (k^ 

in' site, weight of inetal, and was so gteei. that Bfier ibc antm 

ber of men, almost equal to were all taiien ohI, ihecaptDnwt 

I of the tim: ot battle. Tbia ber ob fire. Not the feast imtpa^ 

rmce seems not to bave been taiion feU rm )faec(»dvct at CbpK 

in, or DOt attended to, tn the Dacnaorfawabif'scoeipaBvdariDg 

lisbnavy, theoflScersofwhich, the Action, wiio jSrl'it^ aaij *» 

tbeir babiiiiHl rcadinesE to irresistible loperioriiy of ^bjrarat 

: an enemy, would certainly strength.  It is pteanng le add. 

r decline tm cnccmnter where that they received the niost booanv- 

lomina) force was anj thing able and haniane ^reatmcat fren 

a parity. In engaging with tlie A:i«rican commander. Thu 

r enemies, tbe superiority iif triumphant arrival of »be Coo- 

sh skill and valour had indeed itituitoD al Boston, wbeixv sba 

I compensated tbe difference bad been fitted otlt, doobilcac 

ircej but the American navy rendered the war less uD|>opalar 

manned by sailors many of than it bad origtualty bean in ifaat 

m were, uufonnnaidy, Brir town, and stimutated tfae spirit «f 

and many more bud been marine cnCcrprize. 

ed in British service. The Tbe English goveniment, im 

consequence of this misappro- ibsintelbgenceot'edeclantticmaf 

ion Was first experienced by war by i4eCongfessoftheUiuMd 

English frigate Goerriere, com- Slates, end tbe issue of lettns al 

3cd by Captain Dacres, which, mat()iK; and reptiuls, had doas 

Hugnet }Q, being in lat. 40' po more by way of rcDtliatieB, 

and long. A5 W. was brought than to direct that American sMps 

;tion by the American frigate and goods should be fannigfat ki 

itituiion. Captain Hull. Tbe and detained till lurtbcr urden; 

ictiiD force is ihns stated : but the disregard of the Araencaa 

rrier, rating 38 gi'us, but gorernment to the rolified repeal 

niing 49, her gun-deck IS of the orders in council, and its 

iders, carronades 32; com- refusal to contiuue the aniHstiM 

rent, 300 men, but only 263 agreed upon by (be commnndera 

Dardatquarten: Constitution, on each side in Candida, Mng noar 

ig44 guns, but mounting 65, made known, tbe Prince Ergnnt 

deck 24 poundcra. carronades published an nrdpr, dated Oct. 13^ 

pouudcnj coniptement 450 for granting g^nenil refirirala 

Tbeengi^mentwasBliarp, against the ships, good^, and dti- 

of short duration, for the zens of the Umied Siaies, in tbe 

rriere bein^ totally dismasted, usual form towarrisa hosiili- power] 

rolling so deep as to render her conclttding. however, wiih a d&* 

iuseloss, whilu the enemy was claratioo, that notbiug in this 

led to rake her at pleasure, it order was to nnnul the atnliority 

me abfoliilely necessary. En before given to bis Majoaty's nav^ 

r I0 prevents further loss of commander ou the Ameriam 

for no purpose, lo strike her station, to sign a coitventiun itnr r^ 

Its. Of uie crew, 15 had cslling all hostile orders inued by 

tbe 



O E N3r5?rA L '.H I ST on Y. . '. • [f Oi: 

1Jbi» Tespigctfao g o v o r m nqrts, wkk dcmnf ddegatefffrefinS4-citrr8«aA* 

a. jvicvrof rrdtoriog the accv^comed countm of the rtatr of Nttur 'York," 

-v«la%ioB^'of-dniityjU)dooEmneroe. heki at Aibaiiy on the tl^tkani^ 

AMiOttglr the wiur declared bf IBth of September. The rt^doik^. 

AYnenca agariilst Gteat ^Briraia taoni cbwdy go to an ffseitTim of' 

iniyiit dveiu Dally operate ht'fsvotir the rigiit.of olttzens to inquire 

of i^tmicev and was undcmbtediy into the jonicc and expcdiencr of 

«mtaEb<9: to the' polices lof that a ^r^, even af^ it is' deeL;r£<dv 

'j^wer, jr^t B«^ proof lhasjippeared and to' a condemnation of 'the- 

ofthee&i»tenee«f aiprdper Foenoh ^otmds of that rntennl into witlr.' 

^■jrtyfhf the United States^ eten £nfi^d^ tbooghattbe sametimtf^ 

tte- violent prdceediogsat £ahi« they aeknriwledge the obliganofi* 

VKtftt ^eeored'to have^ «io other of pitying fnU obedience in: ttm 

'ea>n<8e«i tfaon the nmcourt)f opposite capacity of magrstrates, sotdiem,' 

<lofne^ic ^Ktionrv aadiconsidoriH and citizens, to all coosHtutionM 

tiods of local <iotere«t. But the reqoisitlcms t:^ the proper auvbcL^- 

QKistencc of an Aniigntticlw spirit rities. They proceed to state, thdt 

'wat obvfioir<iand'8vo«'^d, :bnd d)&- tiie sobscribers shall be coiiBtraiii>«d' 

lef>t»tion ot tte poHtidi of tin; to consider the determination Aw 

rnler ot Francr was i wpresscd witfc persiK in the -war, after oifimal' 

sn tittle reserve in Amnrica as in notice oftlie revocatioa ol -t^ife 

finglfmd. Of tbb, a rffMarkable Bvitish orders in coaocH, a«api^<>of 

e»ampte tras givon> in a QMecnorial that it has been undertaken on 

^ddreMed t(» the. poeaidetit from the motkes^ntirely distinct froim tlio^6 

eounty of Rockingham in Now hitherto avowed ; and " that tbe^ 

Hampsbfre. After stating many contemplate with abbomence evm 

^gomfmts against the naceiisity and the. possibility of an alliance =Jtt'k!v 

policy of war with England, it tbe prcieot emperor of PrAnctf; 

tb«s condndes : *' On the subject every action of whose life has de« 

of any French connection, either monst rated, that the atiainrnmr; 

close or more remote, we have byany means, ofmuversal em})it^, 

madeoponr minds. We will, In and the consequent rjctinction of 

tio event, assist- in uniting the re- evrry vestige of freedom, are the 

|iobHc of America with the mili- sole objects of his incessatit, utv^ 

tary despotism of France. - We bounded, and remorseless ambi* 

wi;l have no ^connection with her tion/* If this temper be g<$neraU^ 

principles or her power. It h^r prevalent in the nortbeni staves; £rt| 

armed troops, under whatever alliance offensive or defensive b^ 

name or character, should come tween France and the United Stataa 

here, m:e shall regard them as can scarcely be effected without a 

fuemin** This remonstrance, dissolution of the union, unless, 

«mofinting aloMst to a de^nce of in the progress of the war, tbe 

the supreme authority, was signed animosity against Great firitain» 

by 1500 inhabitants. A similar and the dread of hrr power, shflll 

spirit, though somewhat more rise to a much higher pitch. 

guarded, was displayed in the re- The disaster which betel Gen. 

aduttons of a body of more weight Hull hnd disconcerted theplan^ 

«nd'Consequencej being a conven- the invasion of Canada^ but tbe 

design 




t 



I 



1' 






I 



ttX] ANNUAL KEUISTEK'ISIS- 

HetSgn waft hy oo incaDs mKuniodb. skilful «id ivdl-appclBtei 

A considerable force -was assembled sarf. 
In the neighbourhood of" Niagara, On Norember 4, CongrcM a^ 

and on October Itf, the American seiabled after iu * adjoaromeB^ 

General Wadsworth with 13 or whrn nmrnriinjr fhiiinlii [iarniikt 

1400 men made an attack on the was oMnnoooicateii ioboth.lifioaea. 

British position of QueenstowOy oil its leading topic was the stale «f 

the Niagara river. On receiving the war in which tbe coimtjy wm 

the intelligence, Ma|or - General engagedv and a soounaiy of As 

Brock hastened to the spot, and principal occuireoces. In mhrertr 

4ed on a few troops for its defence, ing to the £iilare of the 9ttQiii|ili 

He had prRvioosly sent orden to -upon Canada* keavj cos^ilaiais 

Brigade-Major Evans, who con^- were made of tbe enptoymoit flf 

Bianded at Fort George, to batter savage auxUiarves by the Batiik 

tbe opposite American Fort Nia- government, and inciting tbcm to 

gara, which ws^ done so effectu- hostilities, for whicfa;>it was said, 

ally that tbe garrison w^ forood nopreteiLt bad been given ^bj.ibe 

to abandon it. General Brock was example of the American govon^ 

unfortunately killed while cheering meat. The e£fecr, howerer, vfii 

on his men, and the position was stated to havebeen that ctfrooang 

for a time taken by the enfmy. to arms the citizens en (be Iroatkc 

Beinforcements, however, being of whom, an ample force^ with 

brought up by Major - General the addition of a f^w te^olan, 

Sbeaffe, the next in command, was proceeding towaida tbe M^ 

the Americans were attacked ) and chigan territory. Acomplaiot 



after a short but sharp conflict, in then made of a refusal on -tbe parft 

which they sustained a consider- of the governors of Massacboaetls 

able loss in killed and vipounded, andCottoecticut to fumisb tkti m- 

General Wadsworth surrendered quired detachments o£? miHtia 



biaoself prisoner on the field, with towards the defence of' tbe 

upwards of 900 men and many time frontier, in consequence of a 

officers, the troops to which they novel exposition of tbe proviaioiis 

yielded being about the same of the coastitution relative to the 

number. The loss on the part of raiKftia; and the bad effects of aoch 

the British was small, with the a want of coticucrence 'was pointed 

exception of General Brock, in out. With respect to the over- 

»; I ; I whom bis country was deprived of tures for an amicat^ temiinatidi 

I ] ! J an officer of distinguished courage of the difierences with Great 

|l I and ability. An account given of Britain, tbe' president t informed 

this affair to the American govern- Congress of f he •terms on which 
ment by General Van Hcnsselaer, their charge d*afiairer'ttt ixMitSon 
contains some singular instances of was authorised to agree to mx 
, want of cohcert and subordination, armistice. These were, that the 
which prove ho>V far the military orders in council should bt repeal- 
establishment of the United States ed as they aftiected- the United 
was at this period from the organ i- States, without a revival ot t be 
aation necessary for success against a blockades violating ockaowled^Bd 

 1 



/■GENERAL.HISTOEY. I90g 

^(tilm'f tlntrth0fesfaooiA<beao iiiH tvarwlkid»teiMiedt*a«ginciOUhdr 

'mediate discharge of American coni^eoce^ Ob the latli of Oo 

-««iiBni ^froin Britkb M^, and a toberhis Majesty's armed ^ brig 

'0%ap to 'imprestHDent* frotti Ame- FroktCt eoavoying the. home wardp 

^oan «bipd/ wtib an iiodaritand- hoimd tfade ticom the bay of Hoo* 

ksgr thatanrcicliiSfonof the seaoifio ikms, ^h\\e in the act oif repairing 

Ipf each natioiv ^rom the ships of iiamages to her masts and aatia 

the other idiookl be stipulated, and received in a violent gale on the 

:tliat the aniiistioe jfhould be im- |iifceding mgh(> descried a vessel 

proTod into a^ linal adjustment of w^hich gave chace to the convoy. 

«il depending comroiersics. This She psoved to be the United States 

ftdvance^^ the preKid^nt sa^'s^ was jIo^ ot war Wasp» . which th# 

lieclrned, ftcan an> avowed repiig* Frolic galilantly broi^ht to actioi^ 

nnnce tasuspendifygtfaeprarticeof tboogh in her crippled state, iu 

imprrasiDg dnring' the aiutiHtioe, order ta save her convoy. Skp 

•jAnd without any intimation that aoon, however^ became so un- 

^e arringemc&i proposed respectr manageable, .that the Wasp was 

iagsciimen would be . ftcccf>ted. enabled to take a raking position, 

^"With respffct to iPrance, he com- whil^^t the Frolic could not get a 

plains nf the comlnued procra«iti* .gun to bear. The result was, that 

-nacicfl in-itnii^hing the discusaions every individual ofBcer being 

-between the nations; and. in no- wounded, and< not more than 20 

ticing 'thn French decree, *-' pur- of the crew remaining unhurt, the 

•pitting to be 21 definitive repeal of enemy boarded, and made prize of 

'the fitrhm and Milan decree^,** the brig. On the sanie iif(ernoon> 

4ir sa^s, limt although made the however, his Majesty's ship Poic- 

gitmnd of tbfe repoiiof the Britbh tiers recaptured the Frolic, and 

orders in coudoil. It is rendered, by took the Wasp. The respective 

the time' and xnatuacr «f it, liable force of the two vessels is not meti- 

Co many objections. HecoDoiudes tioned, but Capt. Whinyates of 

"with recommending proper raea- the Frolic represents his tire as su- 

rsttres for a vigorous prosecution of pcrior in the beginning, and attri- 

the war, and with a solemn asser- butes his misfortune solely to the 

lion of the justice of the cause for injury done to his veijsel by the 

which it was undertaken. storm. 

' The correspondence between A second action bet ween frigates 

Lord Caatlcfeagh and Mr. Kussell, of the two nations was of much 

;and between Admirnl Warren and moic M^rious consequence. The 

Mr. Monroe, respecting an armis- Macedonian frigate, Capt. Carden, 

tice and begociation, was laid being in lat. 2i), long. 29', 30" W. 

hefbre Congress, and afterwards on Octob^^ 25, descried a ship 

printed in the American papers. which proved to be a large frigate 

The balance of success in the under American colours. He did 

naval war continued to prepon- not hesitate to close with her as 

derate on the side of the Ame- soon as possible, and the action 

rieans. Besides the nnraerons began at nine A. M. After an 

captures made by their privateers, hours firing, on coming to close 

actions took place between ships of quarters, he found his antagonist's 

force 



£04] ANNUAL REGISTEB, I8J2. 



force so much superior, that be 
had no chance for success, except 
from some fortunate accident. He 
bravely continued the action to two 
lx)urs and ten minutes, when the 
injuries his ship sustained from 
the enemy's fire having render- 
ed her a perfect wreck, lying like 
a log upon the water, whilst his 
opponent was still in good condi- 
tion, and a heavy loss being in- 
curred! in killed and wounded, he 
submitted, however unwillingly, 
to surrender rather than make still 
greater sacritices. On being taken 
on board tive enemy's bbip, the 
United States, Commodore Deca- 
tur, he ceased to wonder at tlie 
event of the battle. She was of 
the scantling of a 7-^ gun ship, 
mounted thirty 24-pounders on her 
main-deck, 22 carronadcii 42- 
pounders, two24-poundePion her 
quarter-deck and forecastle, aud 
h;i'.l a conjplement of 4/8 picked 
men. Oi "' p»ain Garden's crew 
there wen (> i .lod and wounded. 
In these sevcini v! .'eais bUst.imcd 
by the British navy ivi houoiir was 
lostj since every thing was doac in 



defence that could he f 
courage and conduct «ga 
rior force i but tb«e u^\ 
cumstance of English ft 
foreign ships of a iimi 
produced as much mortifi 
one bide, as triumph on i 
and both beyond toe pea 
The AtBerican go 
seems, nctwithsiandiog i 
by laud, to have persist 
purpose of invading Cana< 
Dearborn, on November 
up his camp from Plaitsb 
marched to Cbaroplain, 
Canada liac^ the nearest 
Montreal. No operation 
sequence, however, wei 
taken during the rensaiiMJ 
year. 

In England, more od 
sures by sea againat a fo 
garded as worthy of seric 
tion, were contcinplate< 
public notice was issoei 
Prince Regent, on Dcoei 
that the ports and harboi 
Cbesapeak and Delewi 
pLnccd in a state of block 



C! 



GENERAL' HISTORY. 



[205 



.CHAPTER XX. 

■of CkLtaccas, and counter Bev/ation — MesCico^^Consf^racy at Vtr% 
^JrtiZr^Pcru-^Pytst Irtdia Islands'^ Jamaica — Dominica — Barbadots 
-^Si. Dondngo — Eait Indies-^ Surrender 6f Kallinjur — Jaf^a-^Coi^ 
gpiraey at Travancort — Mauritius>^Persia» 



-^ « HHE proviDcCB of Spanish 
I Araeriod were still tbc theatre 

. <>f a sanguinary civil war between 
the two partiei of indq^endcnts 
«bd loyalists, and the mother 
cotxxWxy recnaintd in great measure 
deprived of the aids which she had 
been accnstvmed to receive from 

. these rich possessions. 

t »T^e negocialions mentioned In 
Hie l^toiy of the last year as having 
be&n totometic^d in the month of 
October between the Viceroy Elio 
fitmi the Junta ci[ Bueiios ^res, 
Wtfrie oobcJuded by a treaty k£ 
pacifitatTon dated the 2lst. The 
art'fclte b^in With tb« resolutidti 
^ both parties to acknowledge no 
tithfer sover^gh thah Ferdinand 
VII. The Junta then, though 
^OnSiderifig ilsdf at present with-- 
ddt the necesittry powers for t-ecog^ 
hizit)^ the authority 4^ the Cortes, 
yet makes a declaration of the in- 
divisible unity of the Spanish 
iiatidli, of which the provinces of 
the Ri^r ftate form an integral 
}>'art. It also consents to remit to 
SpaiA all tb^ pe^niniaty succours it 
is ible tt) contribute, for the sup- 
port of the wat in which she is 
engaged against the usurper of 
Europe. Another article defines 
* the districts which are severally to 
retnalQ subject to the Junta and 



(he Viceroy, and the latter pledges 
himself fbr the withdrawment cf 
the Portuguese troops from the 
Spanish territory. Corrsspondence 
and commerce are to be restored 
between Buenos Ayres and Monto- 
video, and foreign ships may enter 
the ports of both territories. The 
Viceroy declares that no change 
shall take place in the system esta^ 
blisbed by this treaty, till the 
Cortes itiake known their pleasure^ 
which shsll be communicated to 
the go\'ernment of Buenos Ay't^. 
From th^ terms of this conven- 
tion, so favourable to the interests 
of (be mother country, it may be 
conjectured that the Junta of 
Buenos Ayres found themselvGi 
under difficulties in maintaining 
sufficient authority to enable them 
to support the cause of independ- 
ence ', and some subsequent events 
proved, that even in the capital^ 
di<;sentions prevailed among those 
engaged in the same cause. On 
December 7> the patrician body of 
troops, discontented at the appoint- 
ment of a new colonel without 
consulting them, turned out the 
whole of their officers from the 
barracks. The other regiments 
were immediately called to arms, 
and cannon were planted in the 
streets. An action ensued, ia 

which^ 



20C] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1813. 



vhich, after ronsidernblc blood- 
shed, tlio patiicians were obliged 
to suircndir, and the ringlendrrs 
were tried and condemned, some 
to be shut and oirljcrs to iiiiprison- 
mexit. I'll'*- old Junta had been 
deposed in the preccdinjj month, 
and a now one established, con- 
siitiii?: of only lour members. '1 lie 
r.ib'ildo interfered with them in 
the management of public atfairs, 
and parly contests weiC extremely 
prevalent in the cil}-. In the 
fneaniime their authoiiiy in the 
provinces was diminished, andth it 
of Cordova threw ofl' its depcnd- 
Aiicc on the capital, and set up a 
government of its own. To these 
evils was added a quarrel with the 
Porltii',ne.se, whose troops sent in 
aid of tl>c Montevideans refu-^ed to 
return home according to the sti- 
pulation in the late treaty, and 
took possession of Maldonado. A 
corps under General Artigas was 
sent from Buenos Ayres todislodge 
them, \vhich entered the territory 
of Montevideo, contrary to agree- 
ment, and i:\nde an attack upon a 
body of PonuL^ucse, but without 
Kuc<Tss. The Montevideans were 
irritated with this breach of treaty, 
and fitted out a naval force to pre- 
vent the troops (>f Buenos Ay res 
fn>m pa$)sing to their side of the 
river; whilst the government of 
Buenos Ay res, in order to provide 
supplies for a war, had laid an 
embargo on all property belonging 
to Spanianls in Europe, Limn, 
Montevideo, and the Peruvian pro- 
vinces OTiCupied by the adverse 
party. In this state were afHiirs 
about the middle of February. 
Advices in March stated that tlie 
block tide of Buenos Ay res was re- 
turned by the Montevidcan squa- 
dron, and tliat the property of 



Spaniards was still under fle 
tion at that city^ but had a 
confiscated. 

Furihor advices rcceivoi 
Buenos Ay res, up to May S 
some particulars of the \ 
subsisting bet wen the JuDtfl 
city, and the vicerc^y <noi 
del) at Montevideo. The 
reiices were of no great 
ance i but the papers on ei 
displayed n high degress of 
sity. I'he Portuguese, wh 
Montevideans denoiuioated 
generous allies/" were en 
on llie rivulet of. St Fmnci 
leagues friMin Salto,' where 
v/as posted with the troops • 
nos Ay res. At (his last < 
arrived two ships ftom P 
phia laden with armii and i 
stores, 

" Not long after, Buenoi 
was on the brink of experie 
connter-revoltttioti from a 
rac>' in its bosom* whidi» 
been carried into cfiect« wo 
bobly have rendei^ the vfa 
a scene of bloodshed jand 
A Spaniard, aa Died* Martin . 
represented as a man of a 
aud turbulent disposition^: at 
a considrrable numbrr of bi 
try men, under an oath of i 
in a plot, the purpose of wb 
to tike possession by surpn 
•I lie strong posts of the oityj 
the Americans, and restore 
cendancy of the Spaniardi. 
this was connected tho ai 
tion of (he membera ofri 
meiit and magistratoiy and 
less many other persons of 
quence were marked m i 
The discovery of the don 
.owing to the incautioua li 
held by one of the ooowpii! 
the presence of a dave^ 1 



^^GENERAL HISTORY/ [207 

portrd what he faai heard to a with a proposal to le&d deputies to 

perftoi^ in hts ooilfidenc<?, b)r ^boiti treat for the cetsation of hostilit7es» 

It -was disclosed to the government. whvd)^> it was hoped, might lead 

^^I^e ffact was made knovtrn in a to the renewal of a friendly com- 

proclahaattoiiy issued on July 4/&y miHikatioo between the partiei. 

Che ' superior audiorities ; and on 'The province of Venezuela^ 

thie 2y3tb it wacfmnnounired in ano- #htch l)ad ao decidedly declared 

otb6^ proclamation that twenty-^five an absokite independence on tho 

of tbeconftpiratorshad perished on mother country, was in the early 

-the Bcaiflcdd, ^nd that jadicial pro* part of this year visited by a tep- 

ccedinga were atill going on against rible catastrophe, the erocts of 

^eraons sospected <if being accom«- which bad a powerfol indaenee 

pUceSi Upon the first alarm it is upoa its political state. On tkm 

said that' n^ore than- six thousand 26tb of March, in the afternoon, 

inen^apoedityoollected to«ssisttbe a violent sliock of an eanhquako 

V^guhir Ibrc^ in guardingrthe city, was felt at the city of Caracas^ 

mj^ apprehending the guilty. The which threw down the greatest 

goi^erkUHent of Montevideo in con- part of' its buildings, and bnried a 

aequeuce'^of these eventa prohi^- great number of the inhabitants 

bteed all imettourse with Buenos tmder theiriuins. Its port of La 

^yr^&. The Portugueae tnoopi 'Guayra participated io the destroc- 

commenced a retreat from Sau tion 5 and several other towns ia 

^aiMriscoon^uly 13, an armistice the province were su^rers fmm 

h^ttg taken* place between the the same dreadful calaanty, which 

Prince Regent of Portugal and the extended over a wide district* fS9e 

gotremmefitof Buenos Ayrea. This CAromo/i^J To tranquiliize tho 

measure was notified t»y the latter minds of the people after this dis* 

in-a go2MteeKtraordinar)'^,in tetBis aster, a proclamation was issued 

tfaat gai^o^nce to the eourt o£ by the government, drawn up ia 

Bdo Janeiro, which thought proper an admirable spirit of patriotism, 

t>ffidally to coDfradiet ttie assertion jmd sound philosophy. The fol* 

that his Eoyal Highness had soli- lowin^extraot will shew what were 

cited the armistice, and affirmed the impressions on the. occasion 

that he had assented to it only in from which it was thought most 

iurtherance of the beneficent views necessary to guard the public mind. 

«nd wishes of his Britanntc Ma- '* What consequence will you 

jesty^ for the restoration of tran- draw from this terrible event ? 

-quillity to the provinces of the ri- The superstitious and fanatic will 

ver Plate. The friendly media- tell you, in mysterious language, 

linn of the British court on this that it is a punishment of God, 

occasion w§m well received at Bue- who, in bis displeasure, especially 

nos Ayrea, and rendered the Eng- against the inhabitants of this city, 

lish name more popular than itiiad has in this manner manifested hit 

lately beeo. wrath. The iil-affected will sug- 

In a funhftr account from that gest to you, that nothing better is 

city4ated August 31, it is said <o be expected by a city hated by 

^at the Junta had dispatched an God for having proclaimed her in* 

officer to the vioeroy at Montevideo dependcocej and dccUtftd herself 

a^aixut 



JW81 ANNUAL KEGIST^R, MWS. 



' '1 






•gainst 4be. tTraooj of the ambi* 
tioui. The eQ0tnir$ of liberty aod 
equality will endeavour to persuade 
yiNi> that the nobie ne^olutiQn wiib 
which Caraccas deteits tyrants* aod 
makes war aoainst despots, is the 
caofte of thi» disaster, aod that ooly 
by chan^ngyourfet)tiiT)eot8»aDd by 
agatn beodiog fsmrself to the }t>ke 
whiob yoa have shaken otf, you 
>rili appease the an|;er of the Al- 
mighty. Such will certainly be 
the laoguage of the superstitious, 
the ill-affected, and the enemy, 
^ut, cstizenSy a true Christian, who 
jtpllowfi^ the doctrine pf Je<u8 
Christ, divested of trifling prfja« 
dices aod partial interests, will tell 
jrou, that the earthquake hz^ the 
same origio as the various beauties 
atftd horrors which dre daily expe* 
oenced by the human race in every 
part of the globe-^tbe necessary 
operation of that nature which God 
c»rdered so as- to ejtcite his creAHires 
19 admire his oainipotence, to adore 
bim in his works, aod to acknow- 
ledfe that men were net creatrd 
§or the apparent felicity of this 
life/* All the rest of this address is 
in the same manly and enlightened 
ftr^in^ and docs honour to the 
•ooiposer^ Dr. Miguel Jose Sans; 
a^(CO*presLdent of the representative 
fcody. 

t The evil consequences, however, 
jBrhich were anticipated in the pro- 
clamation, did not fail to take 
place. The eccleniastics inqtilcat* 
6d the nation that the earthquake 
9ras a punishment inflicted by 
heaven on account of the pror 
jvince's renunciation of its alle* 
giatsce to Fcfdinand VII. and their 
iciBiienee over a bigoted people^ 
jrow-deprrsstd from the severe 
|0«<)es;they had sustained, rendered 
ttkch 'aa idea deeply impreuive. A 
It..'. 



oorrespotidence was ente^ ial# 
by some persons of weight, witk 
the Spaniards in Porter ultxv SQ'I 
with the royal army at Cotq, cooh 
noanded by Greneral Mooteveode* 
This leader* taking advantage U 
the discouragement and disonkn 
prevalent among the indrpeodcflt 
party, |ind joined by a body of 
troops from Maraci^bo^ ent(^ 
Valencia in April, without oppw* 
tk>n. General Miranda and tbs 
Congress, who had retired thither 
after the earthquake, retreating be- 
fore him. He thence advanrod to 
Mearani, which was evacuated by 
Miranda, who withdrew to Vit« 
toria. Other places submitted 
without a struggle, appaieotl| 
wearied with the sacrifices ie> 
manded for m^in tailing their Bcv« 
ly-acquired freedom, lo tbiseioer* 
geocy, the states of the copied^n^ 
tion had reu>urse to the defpetatB 
eipedient of creating a dictator ifr* 
vested with uolimited ,90wcs» 
which oflice t^y conferred oa^Mi* 
landn in U)e month of Ma^r. Hs 
issued a proclaauuion on tbeoccs^ 
wm, in which he ^et fort^ i^ 
perilous cireumstances-of .the ooaa^ 
try, and the evils prevaitm^in ^ 
commonwealth, of which ibeo)04 
urgent was the total <|is0rder^^*^ 
finances. He soj^ested soine HK** 
sures to be employed ^ the dm^ 
lioration of their aSairs^/.ai^ ji^ 
Jemnly promised B^vep |o shi¥l^ 
the sword till he h^d.establisw 
the liberty of Veqezu^:; ^ffi^ 
avenged her of her enemies. ,• • 
Success still attended the tofik 
ists, who, on July 6» jtoo^ l>y*«Wr 
prise the important barbaac.iff 
Porto Cavcdlok Miranda iiihdos^ 
to have agreed upQi9- an ,$svM^ 
which terminated ia a raecsaf/* 

j^^olatiML \iiow^sm 4bat ipii^ 

./be, 



GENERAL HlStORY. 



[20^ 



ears' to havcTAade no 
iistflnce to the progress 
i]nts ; for, on July 28, 
utitlatrd to Montcverde, 
*ys afrerwardfl, its jxirt 
nra nurrcndered at dis- 
lirandn, vho had j^one 
I the interitlon of em- 
board an F.ngiish vcs«»t'l 
reastire, was delivered 
rmed, by his own party, 
infinc d in a dungeon ; 
hcrefore, he was lately 
ih prevtoiisly nrgnciat- 
e opj)Or»i»r p;»rty, Tims, 
jraricr, hns terminated 
•ndencc of \Vn«--7Ai^i?i, 
its bcginfiinE^, srcmed 
d on thr tren;.»Ml con- 
(5h-*"pii!fcd antl eiilij^ht- 
e. Wniit of stead. iJ^^^s 
ition, thp ra«!ir:d faulfji 
olc ciinracrer, liad rcn- 
.iccessnfthe revolution 
en before the lerril^le 
, thongh that event un- 
la^tened its defeat . Mi- 
wnt to Spain in the he- 
October. \hm IV r - 
bade eamr from I'orto 
e pos^'-ision of the pro- 
incas, but Mont'-vcrdo 
Irlivcr it op in its pre- 
ed slate. 

ricerovalty of new Gra- 
rd« lite i!o<r ii\' Itjl I, 
ICC of S»?iua M:ir:h3, 
ff%d to Spain. pru^'l.«ini- 
inst tliat ot- Cm» h^pmi, 
declnred it-elf itulrpfrrl- 
olinhod thcf Inqii'^iiicn, 
istcred oaths ot iidfl-tv 
biBri civil nnd niilititry. 
lies, with alternate sivj- 
tle bloodifhed, h:'.'. i>cen 
tilt: t'AO eon lei; J - 
on th« river Ma^dn- 
b both banki oi which 



fortifications had been erected. No 
information has reached us of the 
sequel of events in these part*. 

The rich and extensive kingdom 
of Mexico has been a theatre of 
war and confusion durinor tlie 
whole of the year. Accounts re- 
ceived t hence' in Xor. J 8 1 1 , men- 
tioned that the smithrrn coa«t wat 
in a state of complete insurrection ; 
that in the centre of the kingdom 
parties of insurgents were nume- 
rous, and did not, as formerly, dis- 
p^rst: on thr approach of the roy- 
nlists; and thut in New Gallicia 
alone tranquillity was preserved by 
the exrrtions of the viceroy*H trcK)ps. 
Con miuiiica lions from province to 
provinci^, were cut ot^'j tli« work- 
nig of I he niin«*8, and agriiulturi", 
wtrc suspended; and a Mritish fri- 
gate was about to sail from V>ra 
Cruz without the bullion which 
she expe<;ted to receive. 

In the month of March, intelli- 
gence wa.s received that a danger- 
ous conspiracy was discovered at 
Vera Cruz on the l6ih, the plan cf 
which was to gain pch- session of 
the p«»rk of artillery, the bastions* 
the volunteers' quarter, and the 
port of I^ Mole, and bv rallinj^ 
the people to arms, torevnlu'ioni'/fs 
thr? city. Above thirty persons 
were apprehended as having been 
cnncerned in tliis plot, and it was 
found that they had set on foot a 
co'^respoiMlenee vith M<irellos, the 
rrtvulutic^nary leader, who hnd pro- 
lu's'jd »o as.-i^t thrni. It was add- 
e!, tl:»ii nrws h.id iimvod fr<'m the 
city of !Mex.ro, Maiiiig that the 
royal geiieml C rl'ciji was roniinu- 
ing the sifgeof Quaria, where Mo- 
rellos had posted himself; and that 
tranquillity prevailed in thr rest f;f 
kingdom The next t'ccotv t tVoni 
Vera Cmr, however. r,ii:in:cd ih 3it 

LPJ the 



filOj ANNUAL REGISTER, I81S 



the Mexican insurgents amounted 
in number to 74,000 j and tliat the 
neinforr^rroents which had arrived 
Ijom C:idtK u'onld be barely suf- 
iicirnt to keep them in check, but 
by no njCiins to suppress them. 

A letter from Vera Qn\z, dated 
July J/, says; " Tlic rebels ap- 
proach even to our walls. It is 
DOW two months since we heanl 
wht?therXalapaexists -, and we know 
as little of Oaxaca ind Guatimala, 
because the whole Jecward coast 
Is in a state of revolt. We l)ave 
received v^ith difficulty a single 
letter from Mexico, which con- 
fimis the account of the defeat of 
Morel los in Cuaotla-amilpas. It 
appears, howi^ver, that he succeed- 
ed in escaping with sixty of his 
pm'tizans, and is row at the head 
of 1-1,000 men, with whom he is 
obstrncting the roads." Further 
advices received at New Orhans 
from Mexico np to August 19, 
statfd that the insurgents had two 
large armies on loot j one com- 
manded by Ryan (Ravon'), the 
other by Morellos : that the for- 
mer was laying siege to the city of 
Mexico: and the latter, after hail- 
ing reduced Acapulco, had march- 
ed across the tabic land, defeated 
the royal army under Callejas, and 
pursued its advant:igcs to the very 
.walls of Vera Cruz, which it had 
invesiod. But this account is sus- 
[xcted ofcKaggrration. 

Our information of the state of 
affairs in Peru is Tery scanty^ and 
lirrlo liiore is known in general 
th:;n that i^onsiderablr con'moiions 
still subsist in ihai kingdom. It 
is 3ss<*rted from liuciios Ay res 
that svmpconis of an inde- 
pendent spirit were manifested 
at Lima ; and that on Match 4, 
the goYcmoi* oUcred to instal a 



Junta, provided the i 
were secured to himself 
government at Cadiz w 
nizfd. Tlie province c 
bamba continued its c 
with the Junta of Bueoosi 
had a military force on fi 
province of Fotosi, with t 
part of Peru, remained 1 
the mother country. G 
the royal commander^ vi 
head of 4000 men ; an 
was said to be advancii 
chabamba, having rou 
detachments which op 
march. 

Such, upon the wboli 
mass of intelligence rca 
ing this year, from the 
parts of America ; from 
ral result of which it c 
ferred, that the cause < 
independence rather lost 
ed ground ; and if Spain 
able finally to free hersel 
invaders, and recover 
among nations, it is pr 
adopting a liberal systen 
towards her traDsatlanti 
th»t she might still re 
under her dominion, tl 
tainly not bound by th 
in which she h^^ so 
them. 

The West India islam 
forded little matter fori 
of the present year. J 
a disposition was shei 
House of Assembly, to 
close of the past year, t' 
the usual supplies for ti 
nrince of the troops, oir 
of the taxes with which 
was burdcnedf and ol 
fliicfs; but tlie opposi 
was out- voted. In am 
ever, to a roe»<age froo 
tenant-governor. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



[SI I 



lit borne to furnish supplies 
b rarioni fortifications, it was 
opiMeflCed, that such was the 
ilteu of their constitarnts, that 
tkjr could not provide money for 
moy objects which they thought 
highly expedient ; and they as- 
ioted that the expense of the ord- 
uooe department ought to be de- 
finjedat the general cost of the 
empire. They pasi^d a resolution 
fa tbe support of the white troops 
neceisary for the protection of the 
UaDd, but upon a new and more 
•eoDomical plan. 

At Dominica, some differences 
rase between the governor, Barnes, 
Iml the council. Tbe governor 
bid dissolved two successive 
Houses of Assembly ; one for hav- 
ing refused to vote the necessary 
Mpplics; the other for having de- 
xliud to meet in October last, 
•vfaen a general alarm prevailed on 
.JOcouQt of the conspiracy at Mar- 
.•timqne. The baird of council, 
/MtriDg their disapprobation of 
■tbe refusal of the house to meet 
fatbe dispatch of public business, 
.iddfid their belief that the motives 
^^bich actuated the individuals 
*eie good, and that the utmost 
- ittrmon J prevailed in the Ifgisla- 
^^ iniercourse between the board 
Mthe bouse, Govcrrnor R^rnes 
' Munented with seventy uprm the 
•KKisistency of this declaration, 
>f^ from several circumstances in- 
^itiOMed his opinion that there was 
^Ididesign to alienate the atfections 
"itfibe French inhabitants fr.vni his 
'^EsHajegty's government. 
bddrlD CODSequeoce of the scarcity 
*<Nfdny>ri6ions in Barbadoes, the Ic- 
}i}§^iiKtan, at the recommenda- 
^ttma. -of the governor, granted 
iiltthiinty on the importation of 



yams, potatoes, and plantains, from 
Dutch Guiana ; and the governor 
by proclamation opened the ports 
for some other articles of supply. 
These measures were productive of 
beneticial rffects. 

Soon after the commencement 
of the American war, the West 
Indian s;;as swamped with priva- 
teers; which made numerous cap- 
tures, and from the shelter they 
obtained in smiU island* of diffi- 
cult access, were nut easily disco- 
vered or avoided. A meeting of 
the merchants and others concern* 
ed in the coasting; trr.de of Jamaica 
was held at Kingston on September 
25, in which a re.'^oluiion was passed 
relative to its unprotected state, 
and a committee was appointed to 
wait upon Vice-adiniral Sterling, 
re(jn(*stin;r l)im to i;rant all the 
protection to the coast in his power 
to atlord. He informed them that 
two cruizcrs were already stationed 
on the coasts, and that upon the 
arrival of other vessels of war, they 
should be employed on the same 
service. It appears, however, that 
during the rtmainiicr of the year, 
the defence of the commerce of 
the West India islands wjs very 
inadequate to the means of annoy- 
ance possessed by the enemy. 

The usu.ll periodical scourge of 
these island<i, a hurricane, occurred 
on the night of October 12, and 
occasioned much damage in vari- 
ous p.irts of Jamaica, sweeping 
away outhouses and negro habita- 
t ions,unrooiing buildings, tearingup 
trees by the roots, and destroying 
cane and other plantat ions. The mis- 
chief at sea was not very considera- 
ble^ the duration of the tempestuous 
weather being short. At St. Lu- 
cia most of the vessels in the port 

[P2j were 



ANNUAL REGISTER, I81S. 

Wtxt en sbore, but it wtt found a peipendicQkr precipice (a 

I that leme of them would be lunnonnied before it could be 

S'sgatn. reached. Ladders were applied, 

Dcgro governmenl of St. which were thrown down bj iIk 

(Haytt) hn tbii year garrUon, and in tbemeaa timctbe 
cene of that diforder and anailants were exposed to a teiy 
), which nta^ always bees- deitrudive 6reof cannoo andmu- 
rbere the iiroiige»t iword keity. Tbey at length found itoe* 
lyiource of aiilhority. The cessary to retreat, with ascTcreloS 
monarch, Cbri^lopbe, has of oSiccrs and men, which chiefly 
onnlered with superior force fell npon the European partof tbc 
ral Petion, and for the time, force. The action, howercr, W 

has junk under tbe con- not thrown away, for tbc disidif 

ttion it stated to have made of courage and enterjH'iie mide 

ite of Cbriitophe's cavalry such an impression on tbe coa- 

4 about the 1 Jth of April, mander of the fort, that he son 

his absence, however, from alter surrendr red by capitolatioD. 

1 Prince, Chtistophe had Accounts from Java state, ibaf 
r appeared befoie that an expedition fitted out at Batifia, 
nd gained posseasion of a under Colooel Gilles^e and Cip- 
bit I on which acmunt alt tain Saver of the licda, agajnit 
kh ibipping had been or- Palamhang, had been completcl| 
iway by Captain Vastion. successlul ; and that on its return, 
I succeti was only tempo- thr army bad been employed agaiou 
i^lion toolc from him St. the rajsh of Jacgocatra, wfao bad 

Cape Nicbolat Mole, end «bewn symptoms of disaffectiMk 

ts. Christophe was drsrrtcd f lii fonreas and town were storm- 

staff Dtficen, and fled to ed, and bimhrlf lalien pritoaer, 

intaios) and, in line, die with the whole of bis propeiij. 

bii power, Cape Fruncois, Tbouoh he had a force of lOjXO 

ed without resistance to his men . the loss of the victors was Id- 

rlto advanced to it at tbe con.siderablr. Tbe Dutch iiUndi 

12,000 men. of Mai^ossar and Timour are sl« 

xx^uireooes reported during said tn have been captured by ii" 

ir from the British posses* saraeenpeiliiion; and the re.wuiRi 

the East Iiuiies have been of Java were found sufficient not 

great importance. The only for ii<i own jrcurity. but f^ 

foriresi of Kallinjur in aiding i;) tbe general (JefrtiCe of 

:und has submitted to the tbe British empire. Tbc tort of 

aims, nfter a resi>t:ince Nowanuggar belonging toibeJaai 

n the first instance wat sue- raiiib, sul)miried to the Brttiiii 

Colonel Martiiide 1, who arirs on February 24, just as tb: 

iided the turcc led again^'t troops brought against ii urdrr 

wdan aspauk CD February Litiiitnaiit colonel Lionel Smiili 

B troops advanced in three were on the point if >torming. 
1 10 storm a breach which A dangerous conspiracy wu dt- 

n made by tbe arliltrry, but [ecird ao'.ong the native troops U 

I'ii'gunJcr clw waliij they TruvaBcure. thsobjectofwhidivu 



OENERAL HISTORT; 



tsu 



to foassacre their European officers 
whilst a&sembled at ao eotertain* 
ment to be given by the British re- 
sident at that court. It was dis- 
closed by a coofidentia] sepoy, and 
the ringJeaders were seized upon, 
two Okfwhom, native officers, we^e 
hlown fh>m a cannon in front of 
the line drawn up to witness their 
punishmeht. Several Nairs and 
Faquirs, instigators of the mutiny, 
were afterwards hung. 
' Governor Farquhar of the Msa« 
ritius made public, io May, a cor- 
respondence with Rear^Admiral 
Stopford at the Cape of Good Hope, 
in which the latter announces his 
receipt from England of the act 
imposing fresh penalties against 
any further traffic in slaves^ and 



declares the imposslMIity ef sofiir* 
ing the admission of slaves into tb% 
islands under bis excellency** go- 
vernment. At the same 4ime the 
governor informed the merchants^ 
phinter»> and other iobabitants «f 
the islands, that reguiations ,had 
been made for trade between Knf^ 
land and them, by which they were, 
placed on the same footiii^ with; 
the private merchants in oUier paris< 
oif India. 

Accounts were received 4Jroni 
Persia that a definitive treaty of 
alliance between that govertuoenli' 
and Great Britain had been con« ; 
eluded by Sir Gore Ouseley,.o|i} 
terms high}y advantageous to thi^i 
eountry. 









t , 



' >, ' * 



t - 



• t 






<, > . 



> , . ♦. . 



I 



CHAP 



I ANNUAL KEGISTEE, 1813, 



CHAPTER XXI. 

■ling o/lheyeu' Parliavifv/ — ftegeni'sSpetek, and Delates ikfrtn-^ 
Thatih and Grant to Lord tt'ellingion—Rtnmalvf the Gold Cm 
Bill — Motion on the German legion— Prince Regetifs M'tiogl 
respecting a Grant to Russia, and Debattf. 

>N November 2t(h the House PetrrsbUTgh and Stockbolm, iDiJ 

of I^rdvliaviog assembled, a spoke in larm^ of eulogf of iha 

imit«ion was appointed (or the resistiincc made by Russia to tbe 

' parliamenl. ITie aitendance arms nf their ioTaden, auguriogi 

the Commons was then re- happy termination of the cwnte*. 

bttd, and (he commission was He informed parliament of a lop* 

1, The Commons were then plemcntary treaty entered into witli 

■cicd by the Lord Chancellor to his Sicilian Majesiy, and hinted at 

ceed tothechoieofaSpraker; the new measdres concerted with 

, on the »ame day, a number of the government of that island, ft* 

TilM-rs hating been »wom, Sir an active co operation inthecom- 

n Nieholl rote, and proposed mon cause. With respect to Ae 

late SjieakrT, Mr. Abbott, for declaraiioti of war by theUoitrf 

t (iffice. His motion was Be- Siatcsof America he obserred, lb* 

ided by Mr. Cariwriglit, and it was made under circumsianCM 

^ received with great applavi'.c which might have afforded a rn- 

m all parts of the House. Mr. sonable expectation that tbe no- 

lotl was accordingly placed in cable relations between the two 

chair, and the House adjourned countries would not be long int«- 

thc next day. The other usual rupted ; but that the conduct ind 

ms being gone through, the pretemions of that go«mn*al 

nee Rfgent, on the 30th, came had hitherto prevented any »■ 

ihe House of I>irds in Slate, rangement (or that purpo*. ^' 

1 delivered a speech from the took notice of the defeat of l^^ 

■'ne. After touching upon his attempts against Canada ; and lid 

ijetty's lamented indisposition, that his eftbrts were still dirfcW 

i the diminished hopes of bis to the rettonition of peace, l»t 

o-ery, bis Royal Highness ad- that nntil Ibis object conU ^ 

trd lo the successes in the attained without sarrificing '^ 
niiisula under the condua of maritime rights of Great Briiw', 

rd Wellington, and their final be shonld nly on their swpportfe 

)d (fleet., notwithstanding his a vigorous prosecution nf ibeiA'' 

teat from Piirgoi, and tvacua- The conclusion of the speeebrt- 

n of Madrid. He then men- commended an early cohsiJertlBB 

ned the restoration of peace and of a provision (or the eftctdllC- 
uid«\ip with the courts of verniuent t>f tlie lodian proviix^*' 



GENERAL HISTORY; 



[aiflt 



nmce of the* approacliing 
> of the charter of the 

Company, it adverted 
ocrss of ihe nirans em- 
r lupprrssing the spirit 
e and in^iubordination 
appeared in some p-.uts 
untry, and expre»!»ed a 

atrociiies so repup'nant 
ritisb ch'tracter would 
r; and ende) witti tht* 
ration of contidi^j ce in 
1 of pnrl^anient, and the 
iic prople. 

ustomed coniplimentiry 
IS moved in the House 
>y Lord Longford, and 
by Lord Rolle. The 
^ellesley then arose, and 
iroduction alluding to a 

the 6pt>cch eiL pressing 
Regenfs conviction that 

6ud no want of thai 
od perseverance in the 
I of the war, which had 
ed parliament on former 
le proceeded to a review 
tB in the war wiih Spain. 
down as a principle that 
ts necessary in order to 
imbitious projects of the 
tTp and divert his forces, 
Dg that the successes of 
ampaign. imperfect as 

had been felt in Russia 
ition of that empire, he 

inference, that whilst 
I engaged in the noith, 
lo have redoubled our 
be opposite quarter, and 

strained our resources 
most extremity." '* 1 
lonfx (said he) we could 
IjpuirKla sonic; dcfmuc idea 
eet,u^ our exertions in 
ll)a« My own idea has 
9^,lbat the true object 



of the Spanish contest waa tlie 
expulsion of the French forcxt 
from Spain. This is the clear 
practical object at which we oiigiit 
to aioi. With this, itjen, in our 
view, let us inquii'e what has been 
done, coiiipared with whai might 
have hrrn dnne. I have said else* 
where, ihi^i v was mvf»piniott that 
the war in tuv Penins'ii i hH<l not 
be^i) carried on wlu aarrjii.ite 
vigour tor this i">iirpo!*e." The 
ni4r«]uis ihen y^^nn on <oa critical 
exainiii'jtion of the las< ca<npai}/ft 
in Spaii», in vvhi( h, wMie paying 
a tribute of prai<e to Lord WeU 
lington, almost exceeding thr mo* 
de^iy of fra'ernal e l«>gy, be at- 
tempted to show that his plans had 
been continually cramped by a de- 
ficiency of strength, that supplies 
were scanty and tardy, that co- 
operation was fr^eble and ill di- 
rected, and tliat the system adopted 
by ministers was ** timid without 
prudence, and narrow withoat 
economy ; profuse without , the 
fruits of expenditure, and slow 
without the benefits of caution.** 
His lordship commented upon 
other points touched in the speech; 
but concluded with saying that he 
should move no amendment on 
the address, and that his chief in* 
teiition had been to press uix>n the 
House the great subject of the 
Spanish war, in which we had no 
alternative between vigour and de* 
feat 

Lord Liverpool in reply ob- 
served, that it was extremely easy 
for the noble loid to sit down in 
his closet, and wisli for, or ima- 
gine, a particular elfort of any 
given magnitude , but mu^^t not 
every ex^rti()n depend on the ap- 
plicable resources of the country, 

tad 



«163 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



and be proportioned lo the demand 
made u)ioii it from otucr quarters ? 
He desired lo know wliat addi- 
tional exertions rould have bim 
n^adc. Tliey i.ad, iu effect, grown 
wnh the progress of the war. 
Three or four years ago it would 
not have been i bought pnicliciible 
til make those elfotts in the Penlu- 
fiulri wh'cb the country had re- 
centlv wiiijcssed. ile then tnade 
tilt* ibllowiug siaif-meiji ; il'.at in- 
dependently ot t.'icj I'orce rei)uiicd 
fiiV tl»c maiiiienimce of our Iinli.in 
empire, our cole mid j)o«sc»ssik»ns, 
aUkl> IlM' our dotnestic oefenco, we 
had, on the '2.5tb i>t Junr. in Siiily, 
the Mcdiierriinran, anil the Penin- 
sula, a force of 127,(XX) men, t»f 
-which I he Jbiii^li troops (includiui; 
the Germans) aniounieil topl.CK 0, 
and the Tortugurse to JO.OliO. In 
June bis:. Lord Wellington had 
under his command 5S.0\KJ British 
troops, exelusiw of Portiigne?e. 
biuce ilieJ4»h of December last, 
ri»t fewer than 20,0()() men ai.il 
7,000 hoibcs had been conveyed 
t£> the PcniuMda. H(r>.iid lurtlier, 
luat uz\cr iiad any requisition been 
made by Lord Wrliiueton tliat 
bad not bren complied wiih. Lord 
Liverpool made observations on 
«onie other points in which the 
xaarquis had formed objections to 
the speech; and with respect to 
the omission of mentioning the 
Catholic question, he acknowledged 
thdt tor hii pan lie iiad not been 
able to sec bis way to any satis- 
factory adjustment. 

Loid Grenvilie restated the 
views on which he had originally 
Opposed tlio war in the PcTiinkuia, 
ajid attributed the dibappointments 
there cbietly to the delusion of 
ITunister;^ in trusting to the co- 



operation of the Spankh 8 
In adverting to the Anr^ericai 
he said, he could not lepre 
d'^tonishmsut and indignati 
the iani!Ui'G« i^t iboi.e *hc 
fessed their b<)ief that the 
donment of the ordeis in a 
would nece^sa ily lead to tl 
st oral ion ot peace. There ' 
time when such a concession ' 
have pr<»dutt'd boih [ktace 
alliance; bi.i, as in the firs 
war wiih Auh rica, conce.ssio 
macir too late. He thougl 
nt)Uso was indectnilv pJedg 
tb<- luldress to the prosecul 
this war, though »u)i a doc 
wjs picnlurcd to prox'eiisjo 

Atti-r .some ofhi-r lipeakii 
the I ccasion. the addrcss was I 
to without a dikisif'H. 

In the Hcuise of Common 
address on the speech wa* i 
by Lt»rd C.live, who uai net 
by Mr. I iart Davia. Mr. O 
ihtn arose, and very txactl 
sued iUr. same line ot arg 
and f U.quence with thai to 
by MiHjuis Wellesley iu thi 
hous^e. The vigorous pro« 
of the war in tyery qoartc 
the point which he prin 
laboured to cnfoice, and \ 
eluded amidbt CKpresstonff 
plau.se trom dilfereiit parts 
House. Lord Castlercagb 
tr)ok up the ministerial cai 
the ground that Lord Li^ 
maintaiiied in the Hoosc of 
Mr. Wii it bread afterwards 
number of observations, tin 
ral tenor of which was to m 
tiie high wrought descripiu 
sanguine expectations prese 
the speeches of those who pi 
him, and to inculcate the pr 
of taking the c^portuaitj]^ 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



li\r 



pi winch the dUii^rent- contending 
pewers had all experienced rc' 
verses, to set on foot negociationt 
for peace. He then proposed an 
aoiendmeot to the address, which 
consisted in omitting the warlike 
part of it, and terminating by re- 
coimnendiug to his Royal High* 
cess the Prince Kegent, in the 
present state of affairs^ when no 
dishonoarable object con Id be im- 
puted to Great Britain, Russia, or 
France,^ the comnienceraent of 
overtures fpr the general padtica- 
tion of Europe. 

Sir George Heathcote seconded 
the amendment, and some other 
members joined in the debates, 
after which the address was voted 
without a diviHton. 
' On the question for bringing up 
the report uf the address in the 
House of Commons, December Ist, 
Mr. Creevey rose to notice the 
omission in the speech of any 
mention of the state of tlie revenue 
and commerce of the country, and 
after some observations on this 
bead mbved, as an amendment, 
that the address be brought up 
this day week. It was seconded 
by Captain Bennett j and the 
qnestton being put, a desultory 
debate or conversation ensued, in 
which a nnmber of members gave 
their opinion on various topics 
suggested b^' the address j as, war 
and peace, the tinances, the dis- 
pute with America, &c. Those, 
on the present occasion, could be* 
discussed only in a very cursory 
flfianner; ibr, as Mr. Ponsonby 
Remarked, addresses were now 
merdy complnneotary echoes to 
the speech, and were no more 
pledges to auf specific measures 
^ be proposed by ministers^ than 



the signattn-e of •* yoor- very humi 
ble servant" to a letter, pledged 
the subscriber to a panicularservke. 
Two facts, however; were stated b^ 
the Chancellor oi the Excbequeh 
which may deserve recordteg : thrt 
in 1809 the sum of 2,800,0001. 
had t>een granted for the' service 
of the Peninsula, and duiing th^ 
eleven corresponding months of 
the present year, no lesa t^ian 11} 
millions bad been applied to th^ 
support of the Spanish cause ; and 
that, while tlie exports of the king* 
dom were in the la-t year but 8{ 
millions, in this year they were 13 
millions. He alhO explained a sup* 
posed idea thrown out by him 
concerning a tax on capital, tb 
have been no more than an as^ 
sercion that if the necchsiry of sucli 
a tax should occur, the natioA 
would bear it rather than sublet 
to an insatiable and in^otentenemy. 
The address was then read and 
agreed to, 

Thanks to T-K)rd Wellington^ and 
a grant to him of 100,0(X)1. to be 
laid out in land, were the ^ubj<'Cti 
which next engaged both hbi^ses 
of parliament -, but as they exer- 
cised the oratory rather than the 
argumentative powers, of the drf^ 
ferent speakers — since Ihfere wa^ 
scarcely any other contention than' 
which party should most highly* 
extol the merits of the illnstrious 
general — it is unnecessary in thif 
place to record any particulars. 
The votes on both questions passed 
unanimously. 

A second reading of the renewed 
gold coin bill being the order of 
the day in the House of Commoina 
on December 8th, Mr. Creevey 
rose to state his objectioils to the 
Bill. Ho said, that when tb^ 

b^lJipa 



H«5 ANNUAL REGISTER, 181*. 

mUion commliiee t«t opwirdt of gember li, M^. Whitbreid, ta 
:wo years a^o, gold wa* ai 4l. lOs. ordcri be aid, to bring the nu tl i c 
m ounce, but was at present 51. 5s. to a teit, moved xhe mcinding tb« 
m ouncr, so ibat the drprtciatinn third resolutiaD of Hay Ian, 'which 
if papiT wm 35 per cent. The aiated the opinioo of (be Cfaaocd* 
ligation to take p»prr at its lor of the l-.idiequer. '■ that id «H 
MMDiDil value was therefore an rasei wherein coin night be a»«4 
soormoui violation of property, bj for legal purpDHCs, tb« promiMor^ 
vbicb all classes were losers ex- notes of the bank of England, and 
cept the Bank. As the measure guineas, were, in public eatimatHt^ 
bad prodnced such miichievoui coDsidered etpuvaleni, and weic 
eonnequenci's, and ihere was dan- generally lOflcceplad." Upcm iIm 
ftr that the dc|ireciati<m might go motion the House divided, Nom 
Kill further, be wished time might 63 ; Ayes 2G—M»jontj against it 
be giren for recoDii (Bering the sub> 37- 

ject, and he moved that instead of Mr. Huskisson then rose, aoi 
the words " be nour read a second said, (hat if the observations of 
lime," ihere be inserted that it "be the Chancellor of the Excbeqncr 
rend a second time on the 3d of were correct, they must go to ibis 
Febrnary." In the debate which length — that the paper currency 
ensued, moch of the ground was couid not fail under these coodt- 
Igain gone over which had been tionsj I. that the coin shoald le- 
tftken at the first passing of the main under a detemiinale «r«^ 
btU. One of the most material aod value as fi\ed by lite royal aa- 
CtrcumstBiii-es which occurred was ttwnty : 2. that the paper cfureo- 
a quetiinn put by Mr. Ponsonby cv should exactly correspond with 
to the Chancellor of the Exche- the coin according to its deoomiaa- 
quer, what price he gave lor bilb tion : 3. that the l.iw should be 
lo remii ab)<iad P which tor tome re-enacted making it penal lo 
lime he declined to answer ^ but doubt the equivalency of the two 
at irngtb he 'aid 67 pence per sorts of currency. Thus (hen, if 
tnilrea. In aoswer to a com- paper cturency should tall so b>w 
plaint of an excessive issue ol pa- as that a nominal ihousand pound's 
per crinency by the bank, Mr. worth would buy only a quartern 
Manning elated that the amount loaf, •till coin should retain iis r«- 
yeitierday was 22 j millions, where- talive vaiue to the paper, and it 
as in July ajid August I8IO it was should be penal lo makeany diff^ 
near 25 millions. The general rente between ih«n. But it was 
opinion In the House seemi^ tu imjioiisible that any legislative set 
be that the measure, bowevrr • should c<.tabl)sb such an equaliatr 
objec'ionable in its principles, tion. He had been informed that 
^vas at this time necessary ; and govetnmeni had sent a great nuns- 
on a division, tbe second read- ber of hank notes to Cantda lor 
it>g was mrritd by 129 against the payini^at of our troops aB4 
)Q. other establishments in that pib~ 

On tbe bringing up of the re- viflce, and that, being esdoaied 
port" of llie gold coin bill, De- according to their re«l.4ri«ei Ihiy 
.. were 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



Iai9 



were uAd there »t « discooot of 
30 per cent. From the nece^iity 
€3i tbe case -he had approved of 
that part of the bill which virta* 
sdly made bank notes a legal 
tender, but be could sre no use 
io that part which made it criral- 
nal to sell gold coio at more thao 
tbe legal value. A few low aiMj 
ignorant people had been convieted 
upon it, while millions of guineas 
bad been exported, notwithstand- 
ing all the vigilance of govern- 
pient. He was not alarmed at the 
idea of a geld price and a paper 
price, which had prevailed in Ire- 
land, aitd now subsisted ir> Portu* 
gal, where the effect was that 
their gold coio was still iu cir- 
culation, while ours had all disap- 
peared. 

Instances were given by other 
inembers of ibe' actual existence 
of two prices in this country ; and 
several of the ibrmrr argiuncnts 
on tlie subject were recapitulated. 
The report was^ however, agi'eed 

lo. 

The debate was resumed on tbe 
fnotion for the third reading of the 
billi December 14; but the read- 
ing was carried .on a division, by 
£0 against 15. 

1 Id tbe House of Lords, the gold 
coin bill underwent but little dis- 
cussion, and it passed into a law 
before the recess; 

On December lOlh, Lord Folk- 
atooe rose in the House of Com- 
mons, in pursuance of his notice, 
to. call the attention of tbe House 
to an important subject. He bad 
in the la^t session complained of 
an infraction of tbe law by the 
. f^mployment of foreign oOiccrs in 
>the £iitish army, and a reium bad 
beeu ordered^ jvhicb was iuoomr 



plete, as it only contaioBd tbost 
employed at home, and n«t those 
on foreign service. He should 
therefore make motions to supply 
this defect. His lordship then 
adverted to an order, in the Gar 
zotte, in August last, lelative to 
German officers, which stated> that 
in coiuidcration of their services^ 
particularly at tbe battle of Saia^* 
manca, they should receive instead 
of temporary, permanent rank in 
the army This appeared to him 
an atle.nopt to introduce permav 
nently and for ever in our army 
those officers who were^ under ao 
act of parliament, serving only in a 
temporary way, till one year after 
the conclusion of the war. But he 
understood that another cdnstruc»> 
tion was put upon it, and he 
begged leave to ask the noble lord 
opposite (Palmerston) whether he 
was right in bis interpnetatioo^ 
or> if not, what was the real iiiean»> 
ing of tbe order ? 

Lord Palmerston at 6rst only 
iq)lied that the e£i^ of the ord^ 
was not to give to foreign officens 
any advantages or privileges in^ 
consistent with the act under wbioh 
they were serving. This explaoft- 
tion not tieing satisfactory to Lord 
Folkstone, he moved for an addresi 
to the Prince Regent for copies of 
4ill tbe orders issued respecting the 
nnk of officers serving in tbe Gec- 
roan legion. 

Lord PdlmerstoQ then observed 
that the arguments of tbe noble 
lord were founded on a misconcep- 
tion which might be sudicientiy 
explained. Temporary and per- 
manent rank in the army were 
terms that merely designated two 
•different services. Permaaent rank 
meant the ojjdiosiry nui^ and.proi> 

motion 



so] ANNUAL REGISTER, JSlt. 

loiion of ihe army. Tempoiiry Mr. Vomonhj particiil^^ ob> 

ink signified an exception, and jocted to the last part of tlic ncrtfle 

SK lencrally given to tboie wbo lord's speech, and 'Hoped tfau (he 

ibed men for rank, and for other Houte wonld'trak on tbepmcni, 

'asons which occawonrd the or any other occaiioii, excess ^ 

'antiog them high commissions. oiMnion on a subject not ooqnccttd 

was also caiifined lo panicniar wiih the- motion that was befer^ 

trp* and eervicca, but did not them. He concnrred in dit 

ve full brevet promotions with praises of the German corps, tat 

le rest of ihc aim^, nor did it adbeied to the opinion that puib- 

iiifer half pay. His lordship ment tmght to I<k]k with' a coDsd- 

cnt Ml to state the different con- tutional jealousy to the employ- 

tions on which foreign eorpswere rarot of foreign soldiers, especially 

rving in our army; and said, within this realm. 
lai tbe order, iu fact, did not Lord Mihon having allnded Co 

iply to all tbe Gennan officers, the conferring of the commaDd of 

It only to tbose of higher rank* a dislrii-'t in England on'Barm 

ho had entitled themselves to Linsiiigen, a German; Generat 

favour and rewnrd. All these Stewart asked why, when forcigic 

BcetSi howrver, wereserving nn- ers were intrntted with comniands 

IT a law which decdarcd a limit against the enemy, they should aot 

their lervicra ; and the order be equally trusted in this country { 
>uld not be meaiK to operate in But he was reminded by Mr. Can- 
£ance of the law. It was, he ntng, that wliile he viewed the. <nib< 
pcciv^, clear, that when die ject with a militaty eye, it was tbe 
■eralion of tbe law ceased, tbe duty of the House lo view it in i 
mmitiieiu must fall to the con^titutionat light also; artd be 
Dund with that act in which referred to tbe case of king WillJaiB 
ty originated. Ihe advantage and bis Dutch troopc, which par- 
ay received from the order was liament bad oUiged him to dit- 
nk whcn-ihe act expired, their ir.iss. In the further discasdoof 
tk having been ordinary and some csniure was pointed anbut 
rinuieiil, their names woald be the prsscnt rage of Germaiuziog 
inted in the army lists, in their 'and Fitenchifying ot^r .troops .in 
^>ective ranks, and they would their dress aud equipiDcnt*, and 
ve tlieir honours and titles re- varioui bad consequences of this 
liniDg. His lordship then pro- mode were pcnnted out. 
unc^ an etu^omium on the Ger- Tbe matioii was thes put, tpi ' 
in l«cion, and concluded with negatived; but three others wCie 
'ing that it would be well that agreed to, relative to returns of Am' ' 
i' new parliament sboold have foreign officers and sol<UerB ecn-^, 
.tqiioico understood of the le- ployed in the British icrvice. [[ 
lity and propriety of continuing On Dec. 1?, a message was cent '._ 
9 pKsenl system of employing to both Houses from the Pritioe, 
try means ef carrying on an Begent, recommendini^tbeKntat- 
VHsve warftre which o^rcd it- ing a relief to Che snflniDg^atibJecii \ 
in the pteaent oicunistaocci. . of bis Majesly't good nd greit '' 

'" aflj,"'' 



(JENEEAI, HISTORY. [221 

ipBTDT- of Bussin. It any mcmbcT cif ihat Hoa<e coald 
(o be taken into be insensible to the mrriit or 
in both HouKS on the Bultering* of the RiiMiao!!. 
day. He further hoped that iSic pro- 

mo of Lords, on the paial might hn regarded as evi- 
lil of Liverpool rose d<;nce of a complete co-operation 
adilreM plu.lj;in^ the and concert between the two 
xicur in thii object goivmtncnls. not merely for car- 
ige. He niaile an rying on iIk war, but a« to 
^>eeL-h, in which be its ubjrcis, and the grannds on 
srcumitanccs iif the which a general peace might be 
linn (if RiuiLi, and esUblithed. 

of defence adopted TJie addres* was then unant- 
nninit of that couii- niouily ai^rerd to. 
:ial part nf wlil\.-h was In the House of Commons, 
of habitations and the Ho;i>e having resolved iticif 
■t the enemy might into a committi >: «f supply, iha 
. of llw advautage Chancellor of the Kschi-ijtirr, oh 
them. Beiide'4 the rising lo move the ijr.tnt, tuid, 
af the grc-.it opital that had it not bn'n from somo 
which he reprr»pnt- inlimatiiiiu of diisrriit given ye«- 
Juniitry act on the terday, hs bhmild not Inve thought 
irlnbitant', a num- it necessary to preface his moi 
ns and villagi-i liad lion w^iih mai>y ubiervationt. It 
amc fate, by wltich had been iug^>sted ihnt the m«s< 
suffrriiigi had been s:igc had lakun the Home by 
the pe'iplc ; nnd a* »\T\»\ze. The niirpriza wa» a> 
i of Uii: invakioTi had much upon goiummtnt, sh upon 
c a dtradi/ blow 3t the the Hmise : it arose from tha 
[hU country, our if-a- griiiit\ing intelligence thit the 
tngagcd Co contribute riic-niy had b?en driven beyorxl 
f, the botnidj t)f the aiicitfnl RU'iiiati 

Iknd said, tliat he empire^ and it was thought bet- 
■\f placed in a very luf that pjdianieni slioiilcl not 
lion by ihe considers- dithy a rdicf to the people who 
lich ihif motion u'.is hnit ni.idi; t;iich sacrilicfs ro ihn 
whilst he must doui>t conimun c-.<u:(u, lent it tim.itd be 
1,'wM a wise or pt>li- a-niiipatrd by the geuerons con- 
ke fcit, that when tribiitions of imiividnali. Anoiher 
iJHl, it might be un- c»nsid«ra[ion uas, that a c"'^t 
Upfe to reject it. He (ub^ripiion had been entered <n- 
jome reasons why he i'> at I'elir-bnr^^h, and commir- 
|1 it would ha^e lit- f-^t had been aproinied in But- 
JO iHoducing the in- s'J, in iuq-jire iniu the Uftttt tit 
fy.ftt be would not indiiidmiU, and lo apportion the 
iMciKiny because lie n-lirf to be dist;ibu[ed. As to 
H*e It imag'ned tint tiic >jni uhi.h uu^ht to bo 
^ranir^t 



^^ . «i«ioned pv » „f the 



.A ihercvi.o«'? Thai, con- '" confl»&»*«*'^ to be * 
gTa-.»»- "^ ..,.r, not >xi>^'," .f. s\dv. i-«.9ttb 8tTong»7^_^ 



i.* 



Mr Pon^^o^^ •'  uot not »'^^ .,,^ \he ^" r «\\ the ^wona. 
-.,P-^keT. *^ ^ effetiua\ r^^' consent ^o © .. could w^. 






v 

■I* 



f ? , .,ia .tat *« '■„ Sw> •"« '"»"'• ^ 

»° ^1 beW >*rcicbedue«. 






"fflONJciE. 



CHRONICLE. 



JANUARY. raft, but awsiiil tohareperiiliedl 
nnd wiipn tlie accounts came awtff 

'XTRACT from tlie Damslt iVom Lcmvig, intelligence liM 

I aewspaiieroflbcSUt of De- reached that place, that the St. 

ber, IHll : — George had totally gone down, and 

* We hBvc received accouiUs thai only twelve men of the crew 

. the English ghip St. George, bad been saved. The ship was 

gnai, coniinandt^l by Aiiinirsl u^ards of 3U0 fathoms from the 

noldi, and the Delciin! of 74. laFd." 

«. David Aikini, were driven Leim-'rg, Jim. 0.— There wcrt 

ire on the morning of the 24th no oiore Uian eleven men saved q£ 

BBt, near Cape BysscDstcin, in the crew of the St. Ueorge, as the 

lonlihip of Rinkiobing. IThc twelfth died belbre he could be 

vof the fonner is said to have brought into a house. These sex- 

listed of 350 men, a:id of the men state, that the ship, prevlouc 

IT, of 550 meni cot including to the loss uf jier masts, had Vika- 

officen. Half an hour after vi'iac bad her rudder broken by 

Defence bad touched ttic striking on the Redsandj and the 

md, the whole went to pieces, oiie which was made on board to 

alt tlie crew (eiceptiiig replace it, was too weak to steer 

seamen and one marine, and govern the &hip, in a gale of 

I saved themselves by holding wind in tlie North Sea, and which 

)es of timber) were drowned, might, probably, caiibu the ship's 

A. Atkint reached the sliorc, stopping. 

I. The day after, in the after. i'he Defence first took the 

1^ there were seen Irum the ground; nndonsignalbeinggivenbf 

I MUX part of the cabin and licr uf tlic accident, the St. George 

p of the Si. George, upon immediately let go her anchor, but 

ch were standiug many men. in bringing up with the anchor she 

k of the' mast was cut away, took the ground abaft, eo that har 

; Mmc men endeavoured to forepart, which had deeper water, 

feonit; bat it is conjectured, .-ind was confined down by the ca- 

tfevbmbeen saved, since the blc, was, in a short time, under wa- 

Ijli aod the current, with the ter, Tosaveihemny boatsandcraft 

^ coming from the N.N. W. from the shore was impossible. 

M #*B^ them ofT before they Such as were hoisted out were im- 

HlMtlrtlaiid. Some, likewise, mediately driven from tbe ship, 

(■M to nve thcmielves oa a with tbe uception of one lingje 

^UV. fi tK»T, 



ANNUAL-REGISTER, 18l«. 



boat, in which about 20 men at- 
tempted to sa^e ihemselvfs, but it 
upsftt along*' idc ilie sirp, unci they 
were all drowned. On ihe jififr- 
noon of Chrisimas-dny, when the 
last of the eh ven men left ihe ship, 
on a small piece of plank, Athnuai 
Rfrynolds» and Captain Guiun, tfic 
commander of the ship, were lying 
dead aside each other, upon ti.e 
quaner-deck, as were also about. 'JOS 
wen of the crew, who had died 
through fatigue and cold, and from 
the sea bivaking over them : only 
about fifiy men remaining still alixe, 
whose erics were heard until it lie- 
came dark, when, it is to be hoped, 
that an end was put to their misery. 
Two days aftiruards, when the 
gale was abated, and the wind, 
being easterly, was off the shore, 
a Danish boat, with two of the 
English sailors, went on board to 
bring away the corpses of the ad- 
miral, the captain, and several other 
persons ; but they found the deck 
was wTished away by the sea, with 
all the bodies lying on it. It is 
supposed the ship must now be 
broken right athwart, although 
both ends of her are still percepti- 
ble, and that it niubt be the ammu- 
nition lying in the bottom, which 
holds her together. Among the 
ship's crew, which is said \r. have 
been no more than 750, about '10 
were reckoned in the clasi» of ofli- 
ccrs; and of these, exclusive of 
the admiral and captain, ten were 
lieutenants, one secretary, one 
captain, and three lieutenants of 
marines. The secretary, who was 
a married man, was half dead 
when he came on shore, and ex- 
pired immediately after. A quan- 
tity of gold coins tbund upon his 
person, fuch as whole and half 
guineas^ Dutch ducats, &c. and 



likewise some English Baak-notoi^ • 
is, so far as yet known, all tlia 
money saved. According to the 
report given by the survivors, tba 
admiral must have been a moit* 
gallant man. He would not qniC ' 
his ship, but die on board her. He 
was a widower, and has left tvv 
daughters behind him, and a lOBi 
who is a captain. 

A great number of dead bodia' 
hnve driven on khore betwect • 
Il:iusbyeand Nessum, all of which 
were interred with military ha- 
nours. Forty-seven barrels of gua* 
powder have been saved out of diB 
Defence. 

Narratk'f, by a Person on hoad 
the Grasshopper, nfthe circututtth'- 
ces attendbi^ the loss of that Ftui K 
and the ILro.-^Oii Wcdnesdif^. 
the ibth of December, J 811, ^■^. 
sailed from Wingo Sound, inosoh * 
pany with his Majesty's ships Hcn^ 
EcTcria, and Prince William annel 
ship, with a convoy of ]20saii«r 
upwards. The Egeria and Watt- 
William, with the greatest pntof 
the convoy, separated frofnoiii' 
the tremendous weather we hi ' 
shortly after leaving the Slesiei 
and on the 23d instant, we fooll' 
ourselves in company with tbi < 
Hero, and about eighteen sA ^ 
mostly government transportfejl 
At half-past eleven on that dqfk^ 
Captain Newman made signsl' tl.*- 
come within hail} when he tttt*^ 
lis, as he conceived we wereMlV^ 
about the Silver Piits, he sfaotfM 
steer S. W. after noon, which v*d 
accordingly done ; and at tbecM^ 
of the day, we steering thaCOQOMt'* 
running at the rate of nine iMl'^ 
per hour, at about ten o^clodt9llii^ 
night-signal was made to iWM 
course to port two pointSf wHdP^ 
was repeated by ui. At thirHmi^<^ 

•Hi; 



CHRONICLE. 



3 



•olv fbtirof the convoy were in sight, 
and they were shortly lost sight 
of tn the heavy squall of snow and 
sleet. At half past three the hands 
vrere turned up, the ship being in 
broken water : we found we were 
on a sand batik, the pilots imagin- 
ing it to be Smith's K.i)oll. The 
captain instantly ordered the brig 
to be steered S. 8. E. thinking to 
get out to sea 5 but she continued 
ttriicing so hard for a length of 
time, that we bad almost given 
her up for lost, when suddenly, 
and very fortunately, we fell iuto 
three fathoms water, upon which 
the captain caused an anchor to be 
let go, when we perceived the 
Hero again (as we then thought) 
also at an anchor, though she fired 
several guns and burnt blue lights: 
but, alas! when the day broke, 
we had the mortification of wit- 
oessiDg a most horrible scene, — 
the H«ro was totally dismasted, and 
on her larboard benm-ends, with 
her head to the N. £. about a mile 
from us, upon the Haeck*s Sand, 
as we then found we were in»ideof 
it, off the Texel Island : the ship's 
company were all crowded together 
on the poop and forecastle. As 
soon as day-light had well appear- 
ed, she hoisted a flag of truce and 
fired a gyn, which we repeated, 
and very shortly after saw a lugger, 
two brigs, and several small vessels^ 
plying, out of the Texel to our 
assistance ; but owing to the flood - 
tide having made, and the wind 
blowing a perfect gale at N. N. W* 
the lugger was only able to come 
within two or three miles of us by 
two o'clock in the afternoon. In 
the mean time we hoisted out our 
boats, and made an attempt to get 
Bear the Hero, but the sui^ was so 
infill Ihftt it was all ioefiectual^ 



and we were r.ndcr the Crnel ne- 
cessity of seeing so many of our 
brave countrymen perishing, with-* 
out being able to render them any 
assistance. The Grasshopper at 
the same time was constantly strik- 
ing very hard, though every thing 
had been thrown overboard to 
lighten her, except the guns, upon 
which it was feared she would have 
bilged. The master was then sent 
to sound in every direction, for a 
passage to make our escape by, 
(though 1 have since found out, 
that an escape was totally impos- 
sible) ; but quarter less three, and 
two fathoms and an half, were the 
only soundings he could meet with. 
The captain, therefore, with the 
opinion of the officers, agreed, that 
we had no chance of saving our- 
selves, but by surrendering to the 
enemy, who were at this time, as 
I have before mentioned, toming 
to our assistance, and that of the 
Hero, from whose wreck, I am 
sorry to say, not one soul has been 
saved. I observed, likewise, about 
five miles to the northward of usj 
a vessel on shore, with her fore- 
mast standing, and another somo 
distance from her, both of which 
I took to be the transports that 
were under our convoy. The 
commanding officer here has since 
informed us, that the telegraph 
has reported that eight or ten ves* 
sels were wrecked upon the coast 
to the northward, on the 23d 
instant, and had shared the ^te of 
the poor Hero. A transport, called 
the Archimedes, beat over the 
Haecks as well as ourselves, with 
the lossof her rudder } but has since 
been wrecked, though the crew are 
saved, and now prisoners of war, 
as well as we. At close of day^ 
finding the weather threatening to 
B a be 



AI^NUAL REGISTER^ 1812. 



I ' 



■i 



4 • 



t.J"h 



\ij$ vrpnt^zni the bng striking 
so^; repeatedly, we cut ihc cable 

. arid ran for tne port in view : when 
Wc approached the lugger, which 
\ras by this time anchored, she 
sent a pilot to us, -who took ui 
into the Terel, where we surren- 
dered to the Dutch squadron, 
under the coram«nd of Admiral , 
dc Winter, who, I must in justice 
say, has behaved to us in the most 
humane and attentive manner. 
They also used every means in their 
power to save the crew of riie Un- 
fortunate Hcroj but the badness 
of the weather rendered it totally, 
impossible. I now must conclude 
my narralite with the most heart- 
felt regret, at having to announce 
to the public, and the friends of 
the poor sufferers, their severe 

loss* 

P. S. We lost but one man, Mr. 
King, the pilot, who was killed 
by a capstern bar, which ficw out 
as wq were hcaviugin cable to put 
service in the hawse. 

America, — Richmond^ Dec . 27 . — 
Last night 'the play house in this 
^ity was crowded with an unusual 
audience : there could not have 

- been less than six hundred i)ersons 
in tiie house. Just before the con- 
clusion of the play, the scenery 

, caught fire, and in a few minutes 
the whole building was wrapt in 
ilames. It is already ascertained 
that sixty-one persons were de- 
voured by that terrific clement. 
We are informed that the scenery 
took fire in the back part of the 
house, by the ftising of a chande- 
lier i— that the boy, who was 
ordered by one of the players to 
raise it, stated, that if he did so, 
the scenery would take fire, when 
he was commanded in a peremp- 
tory manner to hoist it The boy 



pbeyed, and the fire was insUajtW 

communicated to the scenery. He 

gave the alarm in the rear of the 

stage, and requested .soonc of the 

attendants to cut the cords 1^ 

which the coipbustihle material's 

were suspended. The pet^oa 

whose duly it was to perfbrcn this 

business became panic stnick, and 

sought his own ^fety. Thia on- 

foriunatcly happened at a tiojc 

when one of the performers was 

playing near the orche^ra^ aod 

the greatest part of the. stage was 

obscured from the audience by a 

curtain. The fire felling from ibe 

scenery, upon the performer, w3 

the first notice which the people 

had of their danger. Even thtn 

many supposed it to be a pan d 

the play, and were, for a little 

time, restrained from flight by a 

cry from the stage that there was 

no danger. 

There was but one door for tit 
greatest part of the audience to 
pass. Men, women^ and chiUien 
were pressing upon eadb. other, 
while the fiam^ w^ ^u&mg o^on 
those behind i who, ofg^ by the 
flames, pushed those out who wen 
nearest I he windows; and people 
of every description b^an to fill, 
one upon another, sox^ with their 
clothes on fire, some half roast^ 
All of those who were in die 
pit escaped, and had cleared them* 
selves from the house before those 
who were in the^boxes covM get 
down ; and the dopr was for sook 
time empty. Those libm ahore 
were pushing each other ^bvu tbe 
steps, when the binderint|||L^D^{^t 
have got out by leop^g, m(fl*'^ 
pit. In addition to tte m^M 
^iven, it is believed 41^t^ii 
()0 others perished, Sl^liQie'dfBaes 
arc not yet ascertafneiL * 



H 



CHRONICLE. 



(ficrc follow the names of 62 
pcrsorts, among whom were the 

' governor of the province and his 
fad;.] 

^ Jan. I . — Tntermmt of John Tfll- 
iiams.^On Monday, Dec. 30, at 
midnight, the body of this wretch 
was remofed from the House of 
Correction, Cold Bath-fields, to 
the watch-house, near Ratcliff- 
bighwajT ; and yesterday morning, 
at about ten o'clock, he was placed 
on a platform, erected six feet 
tbove a very high cart, drawn by 
"one horse. The platform was 
composed of rough deals battened 
together, raised considerably at the 
bead, which elevated the corpse. 
A board was fixed across the lower 
end, standing up about six inches, 
toprevent the body from slipping 
on. On this platform the body 
was laid ; it had on a clean white 
shirt, very neatly frilled, quite open 
at the neck, and without a neck- 
handkerchief or hat, but the hair 
neatly combed, and the face clean 
washed. The countenance looked 

. healthful and ruddy, but the hands 
and the lower part of the arms 
were of a deep purple, nearly 
black. The whole of the arms 
were exposed, the shirt being 
tucked quite up. Tlie lower part 
of the body was covcreil with a 
pair of clean blue irowsers, and 
brown worsted stockings, without 
shoes. The feet were towards the 
horse; on the right leg was affixed 

* the iron Williams had on when he 
was committed to prison. The 
fatal mall was placed upright by 
the left side of his head, and the 

' Hpping-chlsel or crow-bar, about 
three teet long, on the other side. 

 Abopt ten o'clock the procession, 
attended by the head constable, 
$nd hcadboroughs of the district. 



and about 250 or 300 constables 
and extra constables; moStof thbm 
with drawn cutlasses, htfkn to 
move, and continued at a very 
slow pace until they came opposite 
the house of the uuforiunatc Marr^ 
in Ratcliff-highway, where they 
stopped for about a quarter of an 
hour. By the shaking of the cart 
the head of Williams had got turn- 
ed to one side, and looked from tho 
bouse where the murder ^as com- 
mitted } but before the cart left the 
place, a person ascended the plat- 
form, and placed the face of the 
corpse dircctlyopposite the scene 
of atrocity. The procession went 
down Old Gravel-lane, along W^p- 
ping High street, entered New 
Gravel-lane by Wapping wall, and 
continued slowly to approach 
the spot where the second mur- 
der wa5 peri)ctratcd ; on reach- 
ing which. It stood for another 
quarter of an hour, and then pro- 
ceeded, again entering Ratdiff- 
highway, an J passing along it un- 
til it came to Cannon-street, 
where it turned up 3 and on reach- 
ing the top where the New-road 
crosses, and the Cannon-street 
road begins, a large hole being 
prepared, the cart stopped. After 
a pause of about ten minutes, the 
body was thrown into its inftmout 
grave, amidat the acclamations of 
thousands of spectators. The stake 
which the law requires to he driven 
through the corpse had been placed 
in the procession, under the head 
of Williams, by way of pillow: 
and after l\e was consigned to th© 
earth, it was handed down from 
the platforpi^ and with the mall 
was driven through the body. Tho 
grave was then filled with quick 
fime, and the spectators very 
quietly dispersed. Puring the 

whob 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 181«. 



I . 






whole procession all ranks of prr- 
ions \vno were present conducted 
thcmscHes with a solemnity rarely 
'witnessed in the east part of the 
town I and, until the body was 
lowering into the earth, hardly a 
whisper was to be heard in the 
Street. Not a single accident hap- 
pened. Williams is buried close to 
the turnpike-gate in the Cannon- 
lilreet toad. 

2. The infant son of Mrs. Dcl- 
low of St Martin's- lane. Cannon- 
street, who was stolen on the I8ih 
of November, has at length been 
Irecovered. 

The extensive circulation of 
liand and posting-bills, minutely 
describing the child, and offering 
fi re^^ard of one hundred guineas 
for his recovery, caused great but 
ineffectual vigilance in the coun- 
tty, until the latter end of last 
%eek, when a woman at Gosport 
observed ,a neighbour of her's in 
jposse^sion of a boy, bearing the 
marks described, and answering to 
the age of three years old. She 
immediately thought it was Tho- 
tnas Dellow,-who had been so long 
tnissing ^ the more so, as she had 
reason to believe that the pretend- 
ed mother had never borne a child. 
She communicated her suspicions 
to the nearest magistrate, who sent 
for Mrs. Magnes, the pretended 
mother. The moment she was in- 
terrogated on the subject, she con- 
fessed the whole affair, and her 
inotive for the robb^'ry. 

Magnes, her husband, who was 
a gunner on board one of his ma- 
jesty's ships, and had saved a con- 
siderable sum of money for a man 
in his station of life, was extremely 
partial to children, and had often 
expressed his most anxious wish to 
harea littledarliog^ashe used to term 



}t. His wife.not less anxioos togi^iU 
fy him in this respedt, wrote to faim 
while at sea, that she was in ibe 
family-way. The gunner, higblf 
delighted that he had obtained hu 
desired object, «ent home the earn- 
ings of many a cruise, amoaDting 
to 3001 with a particular charge 
that the infant should be well rig- 
ged, and want for nothing : if a 
boy, so much the better. 

The next letter from bis hopefid 
wife announced the happy tiding 
thnt his first born was a son j and 
that she would name him Richard, 
after his father. The hu^batn) ex- 
pressed his joy at the news, and 
counted the tedious hours until he 
should be permitted to come borne 
to his wife and child. 

At home he at length arrired, 
but at an unfortunate time, whca 
the dear Richard was out at oufse^ct 
a considerable distance j change of 
air being necessary to the easy cat- 
ting of his teeth. Magnes* tinac 
being short, he left his honac with 
a heavy heart, without being aWc 
to see his offspring ; bat be wras as- 
sured, that on his next trip to Gos- 
port he should have the felicity be 
had so oAen pined for, of clasping 
his darling to his bosom. It was not 
until November last that be wa$ 
at liberty to revisit hotne, wlien 
he had again the mortification to ind 
that his son, whom he expected to 
see a fine boy of three years oW, 
had iK>t yet cut his teeth, or that 
he u as from home on some other 
pretence. Magnes, however, was 
not to be pacified thus : be would 
go and see bis son, or bis sod 
should come to him. Mrs. Mag- 
nes, finding him detotnlned, 
thought the latter much the best 
way ', and accordingly set off' to 
fetcb tbe boy. Tbe metropolis oo 

curred 



CHRONICLE. 



•arr^d to ber as the market best 
calculated to afford her a choice of 
children. She visited the west end 
of the towD, but saw nothing there 
to correspond with her husband's 
views of a fine boy; the children 
appearing pale, wan. and emaciated. 
She then turned herattention to the 
cast, and passing down St. Mar* 
tin*8-lane^ she was struck with the 
rosy little citizen, Tommy Dellow, 
and at once determined to make 
him her prize. He was playing with 
his sister at the green-grocer's shop- 
door^ into which Mrs. Magnes 
\yeut, with the double view ot pur- 
chasing some apples^ and carrying 
off, the boy, Lnckily> as shfi had 
made ber purchase^ a gentlewoman 
came into the shop to buy potatoes^ 
and so engaged the mistress that 
she forgot the children under her 
charge. Meanwhile, Mrs. Mag- 
mes lost no time. She made much 
of the sister, caressed the boy, and 
grave Uira an apple. The children 
being pleased with her attention, 
she asked the little girl to shew 
her to a pastry-cook's sliop to buy 
some cakes, whither she took both 
the girl and the boy. She got 
clear off with the latter, and left 
the girl behind. The same night 
she left town for Gosport with the 
boy, having rigged him out accord- 
ing to the taste of her husband, 
V^ith a new dress, and a black hat 
and feather, Mrs. Magnes, in or- 
* 4cr that she might speak to the 
name of her boy with a safer con- 
science, stopped at Kingston, and 
had him christened, " Richard 
Magues," by which name he was 
introduced to his food father on 
the following evening at Gosport. 
Idagaes, supposing all his wishes 
realised, was made truly bappy. 



It is no exa^eratlon to say, that 
poor Magnes felt a parental affec-* 
tion for the boy ; and that wbeo 
the imposition was discovered be- 
fore the magistrate, he was grievc4 
to the heart at being obliged to 
part with him under all the cir- 
cumstances of the transaction. The 
magistrate at Gosport immediately 
acquainted Mr. and Mrs. Dellow 
with the discovery; and stated to 
them, that their child was safe, and 
reaiy to be delivered to its pa* 
rents. On Monday the father set 
off for Gosport, and the next day 
received bis lost child. If he coula 
feel any diminution of his joy, it 
was on account of Magnes, who 
parted with little Dellow with 
a sorrowful heart, and excited the 
commiseration of all who witnessed 
the scene. As for Mrs. Magnes, 
she was lodged in the House of 
Correction at Gosport, for a day or 
two, and is expected by the coach 
this morning, to undergo an exa- 
mination at the Mansion- bouse, 
Mr. Dellow and his boy arrived in 
town yesterday morning. 

2. One of the Glasgow coaches 
was overturned last October, in 
consequence of running a race with 
a post-chaise on the road from 
Edinburgh, whereby a Mr. Brown 
was killed, and his wife so bruised 
as to be. in imminent danger. A 
verdict has since been found, in 
consequence of an action brought 
in the Court of Sessions, against 
the proprietors of both the coach 
'and chaise. Lord Meadowbank, 
ordinary, has found the defend- 
ants liable to the following da- 
mages:— 



T6 



S ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 

To Mrs. BrowOj, in compen-* kick of the gdltry, he r%akci A- 

satioQ of daa>age» su^ercd rectly down to the froot^ e^^dwrn- 

tiy her person - • -^ -j^^OO ing, he would cither get ji frool 

^o ber for tl^ loss of her . seat or go into the pit. There wm 

husband . . . * • ^00 no iron -railing above the raidag 

./^ to eadi of the children, place to prevent his falting ovex^ 

^bt in number* 160l. and he was precipitated down a 

e^b" v^ ^ - • * T I04O a height of thirty feet. Surgical 

 assistance was immediately pro- 

^.1540 cured ^ and the theatre closed. The 

"With fuU expense of process. manager had him conveyed lo bis 

9. Six. French prisoners, who private dressing room, where fa^ 

lately escaped from the castle of lingered till eight oV:lock the next 

Edinburgh* hare been re-t^ken to morning, and died, 

their old place of confinemept. On 3. In consequence of a recent 

Friday last, information was given decision in the court of Teinds (or 

^ the Commandant of Linlithgow Tithes), in Edinburgh, noneof th^ 

liocal Militid> that a number of established clergy of Scotland wiU 

£areigoers had been seen s|£ulking have a smaller stipend than ISOL 

lunoug l^d HopetQun's planta*^ sterling, and Si. 6». 8d. for co!Bau>r 

lions: a P^rty was immediately nion elements, besides a> niaos* 

sent out, which descried them at and glebe in the country parishesw 

•ome distance in the fields. On We have to record ok of the 

seeing the party, they all separated, most daring robberies- that irts 

faking different directions ; six of ever committed, as well as the 

Vthem, however, were taken, nftcr greatest perseverance and excrdcns 

7»nsiderable fatigue, four qf them by police officers, to delect aod 

hid among the whins, and two of apprehend robbers. Reid^ beIoag» 

them in the hollow pf a slack in a ing to Perry's party of the patrok^ 

barn-yard. Qn their escape, they received information, that th» 

h^d made for the se^ near Cra- house. No. 4, in Bury-strect, St. 

mood, where, finding a boat, they James's, kept by Mrs. Martin^ was 

sailed up the Firtb^ till opposite marketl |o be robbed by a gang d 

HopeU>ua-house> where they land- thieves^ who had got to the know- 

ed, intending to pursue their ledge that she lu generat^weat out 

journey to Port-Glasgow by land, every evening, pnncipaiiy to the 

They had subsisted for three days play, through the thoughtleaft and 

en raw turnips. On being taken^ imprudent conduct of her le- 

they were carried to Linlithgow male servant, who bad admitted 

5^, fed aad clothed, and conduct- one of them, named Chiytoit, |ft 

fd t<> £^inburgh on Saturday last, visit her as a sweetbcfiirti^ haviog 

3. An unfortunate accident oc- eot acquainted with ber.WKler • 



curred at Portsmouth theatre Q^ false r^preseftt^tton that be v«ra 

Tuesday. A lad, J4 years of age, trunk-maker, 11 vb^ io Ox|Mt 

fon of a widow, a slop-seller, went street. Moodiay se'bnigbl w<aar till 

with scime companions to ;he gal* time fixed oo l9r the |>e rp g tff NJ«a 



krj. Pd their gaming the top of of (he robbery* Penjj^ tdid^ 
tf^ st«iru "¥1^ opened oo the bfnck^ ieimI «Ukip^ .afpSMI ««k.m 



CHRONICLE. 



V residing opposite to Mrs. 
houBCy to accommodate 
ii a room> to watch the 
igs of the night. They 
:rc about half-past seven 
nd in about three quarters 
T after, three or four men 
yvonien came and walked 
own in the front of Mrs. 
house j and after some 
of the m^n knocked at 
tin's door. The servant girl 
it; the man who knocked 
ar proved to be Clayton, 
ended to be the girl's 
"t 5 they crossed over the 
ing together, he kissing 
ezing hex. Clayton ex- 
be admitted that night,' 
;irl was not able to fulfil 
lae, owing to her mistress 
iwell^ and consequently 
out. 

following Tncsday night 
rht, or half- past eight 
be officers being at their 
oc to watch, observed 
knock at Mrs. Martin's 
Ike ser\'ant came to the 
:y walked away together^ 
to a liquor- shop and had 
When they were scpa- 
e professed such strung 
ber, that he was nearly 
learted at parting with 
Kissed her at least a dozen 
[}a Wednesday night, 
itme tinie^ Clayton and 
r men ap{)e:ired before 
4ih*8 boose. 1 hey threw 
unit the kitchen window, 
t answering the purpose 
dm the girl, they thre^ 
;nce* which had the 
She came out, and 
If bad some liquor with 
ligiljon kissed and courted 
timcinthesjtieet. 




During all these visits^ Clayton 
wished very much to go into the 
house: but the eirl told him she 
dared not^ her mistress being still 
ill^ and remaining confined in the 
house. — On Tiiursday night Clay- 
ton attended alone ; but his com- 
panions were supposed to be at an 
adjoining houie. The girl came 
out, and they went and drank to- 
gether. — On Friday night Clayton 
was accompanied by two or three 
mure men ; they walked up and 
down in the front of the house, 
while Clayton knocked at the door. 
The girl answered it, and came out 
to him, and they talked together 
for some time ; the whole gang 
were very euger to get into the 
house that night. On Saturday. 
Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday 
nights, Clayton pursued similar 
conduct, going with tj}e girl her 
eiTands, drinking together, &c. 
On Tuesday night, the girl told 
Clayton that her mistress was so 
much recovered, that she expected 
she would be well enough to go the 
following night to the piay. 

On Wednesday night, about 
eight o'clock, Mrs. Martin, accom* 
panicd by a male and fi^male friend, 
went in a coach to the theatie. In 
a few minutes afier, the sci*vant 
girl came our, and returned shortly 
after with Clayton, arm in arm 
together. They talked together 
several minutes at the door, and 
then went in together. In about 
a quarter of an hour after, Clayton 
came out, and returned in about 
five minutes, accompanied by ano* 
ther man. CIa\ton knocked at 
the door, and the girl opened it« 
She appeared to refuse letting the 
other man in ; but -Clayton forced « 
open the door, and the other man 
rushed in- The ofEcers^ who had 



10 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 181S. 



been upon the cloie waich erery 
2itgbt> th«n went over to the house, 
and heard all three talking ve- 
xy loud in the kitchen. Prom 
the noise, and what they saw 
through a key-hole, they ascer- 
tained that the two men were 
dragging the girl up stairs against 
her willy and she was ^xds^iroiDg 
''Lord have mercy upon roe, uhat 
•hall I do.** One of the men told 
her, if she made such a noise he 
would blow her brains out, and 
presented a pistol to her head, and 
kept it there. They forced her up 
stairs, she continuing the above 
exdamations in defiance of their 
threat; the officers heard doors 
being broke open, &c. and in a 
few minutes afier the other man, 
whose name is Jenkins, came 
down- stairs, and returned with 
the kitchen poker: they then 
heard other doors break oprn, but 
not hearing the noise of the girl 
continued, the officers were afraid 
ahe was being murdered, and were 
proceeding to break open the 
street-door with an iron crow, 
which the girl hearing, exclaimed 
it was her mistress, gave a sudden 
spring, released herself from them, 
ran down stairs, and the robbers 
af\er her: they got into the pas- 
aage just as the officers had broke 
open the door, and were also in the 
passage. Clayton, and Jenkins ap- 
|)eared as if nothing had happened, 
fnd wanted to get out. Perry and 
Beid sei^^ed them : the villains 
made a most desperate resistance, 
which they were enabled to do, 
l)eing very tall, stout, powerful 
ipen ; the officers, however, soon 
secured them. On searching Clay- 
ton, a large clasp-kuife and a bad 
dollar were found. On Jenkins 
Mrei'^ iound 9 pi^tgl^ two bad dol- 



lars, 3cc. On examiDtng the bottse, 
the officers discovered that a Imr^ 
quantity of property had been 
packed up ready to be carried off. 
Several rooms and closets were 
broke open, and they were in the 
act of breaking open a chest when 
tbey were disturbed. 

A duel took place last month at 
Bourdeaux, between two met* 
chants. On the £rst fire, one of 
the parties fell, and the seconds 
immediately approached, supposing 
that he was mortally af/ounded; 
after a close inspection tbey found 
he had not sustained any inju- 
ry, his antagonists ball having 
glanced aside, and lodged in the 
trunk of a tree; but be was 
nevertheless dead: having, it is 
conjectured, anticipated by his 
terrors that fate which be might 
odierwise have escaped. His an- 
tagonist was wounded in the 
right arm. 

According to the tables pabllsb- 
ed in the almanack of the French 
board of longitude, the population 
of the French empire amounts to 
"^3,937, 144 souls. Of this num- 
ber, it is supposed that 28 mil- 
lions speak the French language^ 
6,453»000 the Italian, 4,0O3>00O 
the Dutch or Flemish, 967,0(X) the 
Breton, and 106,000 the Basqoe. 
The population of the states con- 
nected with the system of France^ 
in which number are included 
the kingdom of Italy, Swisser- 
land, Spain^ the. Confederation o£ 
the Rhine, &c. is estimated at 
38,141,541 souls. 

The largest emerald whicb has 
ever been seen has lately been im- 
ported from the East Indies j it 
was one of the most valuable stones 
of Tippo Saib's crown. It is of an 
extraordinary size^ and its wci|^ 



CHRONICLE. 



It 



h iQppoied to exceed considerabJf 
sod grams. 

4 The following is given as a 
a correct account of the late dis- 
covery of frauds in the naval 
department : — 

A man in Spitalfields, being on 
some occasion examined by the 
mai»is<raies at Union-street, stated 
ceitHJn ciicumstances which ap- 
pearel to justify a suspicion that 
thcte existed a confederacy for de 
fraud) Dg poor seamen, under pre- 
tence of procuring their discharges, 
and the public, by obtaining Green- 
wich pensions for persons who 
were not emiiled to them. Though 
the information was not very pre- 
cise, and was in some particular3 
rather suspicious, the magistrate 
thought it his duty to transmit it 
to the secretary of ihe Admiralty, 
vho, on an accurate examination 
of the man, thought that bis ac- 
count was probably correct. Mea^ 
nures were therefore concerted for 
detecting the ofienders; and at 
last, proof was obtained of Gawlcr, 
late a clerk in the Navy Office, 
having given a seaman a false dis- 
charge, and of his having certain 
public papers and documents iu 
his house. An examination was 
then bad at the Admiralty, before 
Mr. Croker, the Comptroller of 
the Navy, and Mr. Graham 5 and 
warrants were issued against the 
person of Gawler, and for the seiz* 
ure of his papers. Gawler him- 
self abscondea; but his papers 
were taken 5 and, on examination, 
disclosed a series of extrusive 

' frauds, and implicated anothtr 
cleric in the Navy Office, of the 
narne of Need ham, who, with four 

* or five inferior agents, is now in 
cdstody> and will, it is to be ex- 

' pected^ be brought to justice. The 



investigation is, however, w ex-. 

tremcly intricate, and tbc'paper$ 
so volumiuous, that it is not posf 
sible 10 speak with certainty as to 
the extent of the frauds ; but w# 
hear that it is already ascertainedt 
that on Greenwich Hospital alond 
they amount to about 1000 1. 9 
year; and we do not doubt, from 
the activity and industry which 
are exerted in the investigation^ 
that the whole system or frau4 
will be detected, that the offence^ 
already committed will be exposed 
and punished, and that measure^ 
will be taken to prevent, as £ar as 
possible, occurrences of similar im»- 
positions on individuals and tbt 
public. 

Nottingham, Jan, 4.— On Friday 
night last two frames were broken 
in Pleasant-row, in this town. Op0 
more, weunderst and , has since been 
broken in Milk -street, and threo 
others in other part^t of tbe town. 
In many villages in this county, 
atid on the borders of Derbyshire, 
the terror and alarm of the inha- 
bitants is such, occasioned by the 
late nocturnal attacks on the prt* 
perty of peaceable individuals, that 
they are afraid to go to bed at 
nights j and rt has been deemed 
necessary to keep watch alternate- 
ly, for the protection of their pro- 
perty. 

Nottivgham, Jan* B, — The ex* 
traordinary measures resorted to 
by the corporate body of this town 
seem to have had little other eliec( 
than that of making the frame- 
breakers more cautious, and, if 
possible, nu)re systematic in their 
operation; for they wait the op- 
portunity of the occasional absence 
of the watch, enter a house, break 
a frame or frames with wondrous 
expediUoo, and^ before alarm can 

b« 



1 '. 



r 

V 

J.. 
\' 

if 

[■ 

I ; 



M 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 18H- 






I I 






^i 



be given without manifest danger 
to the person who roighf give if, 
the signal-'gUD is fired by the conl- 
mander for immediate dispersion. 
BVom only three frames being broken 
iti this town, and its immediate v!- 
elnity, daring the early part of last 
. iRTcek, «omc people flattered ihero- 
selves that the mischief was vsub- 
•iding J this ooinion, however, has 
proved fatally incorrect, for nine 
frames were broken on Friday 
evening at Basfbrd, two miles 
bence; and this morning, about 
iix o'clock, two lace-frames were 
broken in one of the most popu- 
lous neighbourhoods in this town. 
*When the depredators had done 
^t!ie mischief, they discharged four 
|neces, in open defiance of the 
civil authorities, and quietly dis- 
persed* 

On the 5th inst. early in the 
morning, as a boy was passing on 
the edge of the river at Waterford, 
in Ireland, he found a dead female 
•body in the mud. He connnuni- 
cated the circumstance to the in- 
habitants of a houstf near the place. 
They returned with him, and 
found a female corpse, mangled in 
such a manner as would be horri- 
bleito describe. On inquiry the 
strongest proofs appeared that the 
lU-fated being had been murdered 
at the termination of tl^e wall lead- 
ing to the citjr; that the author of 
her death had thrown the body 
over the wall ; that he tben drag- 
ged it as far into the river as seem- 
ed to be consistent with his own 
^fety, and there left it, in the 
hope of its being carried aw:iy 
v^ith the stream, fresh blood in 
considerable qnantitirs was visible 
on the wall, on the adjoining gate^ 
and in some places between them 
and the river j wbifct the marks of 



footsteps, and the impression of tlie 
body, were discernible through ibc 
whole space from the road to ibc 
Spdt where it was abandoned. A 
Stone of scvcrar pounds weight, 
and nearly covered with blood, 
was found beside the body, with 
which it was evident some of the 
wounds on the head had been in- 
flicted, liel-e were other wounds 
on the head that bore the appcaN 
ance of having been given by a 
sharp instrument. The dress in- 
dicatcd the wearer to bate been in 
a humble station, but it did not re- 
semble that of the peasantry in that 
part 6f Ireland. 

6. The aggregate meeting of tLc 
county and city of Cork was held 
in that city. It was fully attended 
by Protestants as well as Catbolia. 
Atler a long discussion, it was re< 
solved unanimously, that a petitiflc 
should be presented to both Hoo^ 
of Parliament, at the time when a 
Committee, to be appointed fv 
that purpose, shall think most cofi- 
ducive to its success. It was afeo 
agreed to addresss the Prince Re- 
gent, ^t such Time as the Commit- 
tee shall think proper. 

10, Wednesday raominjj, »- 
bout two o'clock, the bouse of 
Mr. Camming, at Cbristleton, near 
Chester, was attempted to be broken 
into by two men and a woman, 
but were providentially prevented 
by the courage of an old lady, wlfi) 
snatched up a sabre, and Irotnc^ 
atcly attacked the villain who wai 
entering the window, by cuttii^ 
his hand in such a detentHD^ 
manner, as to cause him toterp> 
his hold, and fall to the grocnd, 
leaving several marks of wSc^be- 
hind him. It is supposed* the 
wounds may lead to a drscovWj of 

these offeoders- Tfery were W>» 

 ifter 



Tl 



I Tin 1 I - '«f -1 ' 



r 



CHRONICLE. 



13 



after the attempt by the watchman^ 
coming through Boughton. 

Dublin^ Jan. J, — ^Tbe following 
15 given as a correct statement of 
the facts relative to the discovery 
of a treasonable Association in Ire- 
land: — 

'^ Aboat eight days ago, a meet- 
ing was held of the Trustees of the 
Charity School belonging to the 
Catholic Chapel in Church-street. 
The schooUroaster neglected to at- 
tend at the usual hour^ and arrived 
io a state of intoxication as the , 
trustees were, about to disperse ; be 
was severely reprimanded for his 
absence, and regoired to state 4he - 
reason of it. He endeavoured to 
excuse himself, saying, that he had 
l)een detained by important busi- 
ness ; but, as his duty required that 
all his time should be devoted to 
the school, the trustees refused to 
admit of any such excuse; and 
then he stated broadly, that he had 
been engaged in the business, of 
the new association, to one. divi- 
sion Qf which he said he was se- 
cretary. The nature of this asso- 
ciation was inquired of him, and 
be gave the foUowiug account :— 

'* That it was an association in- 
stituted for the purpose of separat- 
ing Ireland from England, by force 
of arras — that it had also for one of 
its objects the extirpation of heresy 
—that, however, the most active 
person he knew of in it was a Mr. 
Fisher, a Protestant, who assured 
him, and the othrr. persons he en- 
gaged in the plan, that it had the 
sanction of the Catholic Commit- 
tee, and Mr Hay was their private 
secretary— that he bad been sup- 
plied with a blunderbuss, and 
many others were armed^ as it was 
4eiuy to procure arms out of the 



stores at the Castle I ^--^ and that 
an attack was shortly to be made 
in Dublin^ as they were assured 
that the garrison was ,at present 
very weak." 

'' Such was the substaxK)e of the 
statement made by this man. The 
trustees adjourned to the next day, 
and then called him before them* 
Being sober, he wished to conceal 
or retract the facts ^ but beibg 
closely pressed, be admitted that bo 
had become a member qf such an 
association, and repeated th.eaccount 
he had given the preceding even- 
ing, with this addition^ that be be- 
lieved the nameof Fisher was not a 
real, but an assumed name. The 
trustees immediately dismissed him 
from his employment as school- 
master, and endeavotired to mat^e 
him sensible of the crime he had 
committedj and of the evident 
falsehood of the representatioM 
that had been made to him* 

" On Thursday, the 2d, those 
facts were communicated, for the 
first time, at the rooms belonging 
to the Catholic Committee, in 
Capel-strcet, to Mr. Hay, in the 
presence of Major Bryan. The 
gentleman who ma4|B the commu- 
nication was not present at the exa- 
mination of the schoolmaster ; and 
it therefore became necessary to 
ascertain the facts from some per* 
son who was. This could not be 
done until Friday. On that day 
several members of the Catholn: 
Committee met at D*Arcy's, in 
Earl-street 5 and the facts being 
staitd to them, they unanimously 
resolved to communicate the entire 
transaction to the Attorney-Gene- 
ral, in the presence either of Mr, 
Grattan, or of the. knight of Kerry j 
a precaution whicb^ circumstanced 

as 



14 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



as the members of the Catholic 
Commiltoc wtre^.they thoiighi pru- 
dent, and could no* In* improper. 

" Ntithcr of 1 hose distinguislied 
gentlemen were in town on Fri- 
day ; but expresses were sent to 
them, and also to lord Fingii), 
who was at Kiileen C.istle ; and 
e^rly on Saturday morning thts 
three arrived in town. 

" It was the opinion of those 
gentlemen, that they ought, in the 
first instancr, to wait on the Attor- 
ney-General, to inform him tli.it 
lord Fingal, and some otln r catho- 
lic gentlemen, had a conununi'-M- 
tion (o make to him, tourhini; the 
existence of a ticasonable conspi- 
racy—that they were then rtiuly 
to make it — and to know if the 
Attorney-Ginerul u.i". iv uiy to re- 
ceive them for that j)urpose. This 
course was accordingly adopted. 

" Mr. Gratran :ind Mr. Fitzge- 
rald accordingly waited on the At- 
torney-General on Saturday l:is»t, 
and stated the object of their visit. 
Mr, Attorney-General was not 
then ready to receive the commu- 
nication. We understand that he 
asked if there were any informa- 
tionH on oath ; and recommended 
to lord Fingal and tiie other gen- 
tleman to go before a police ma- 
gistrate, and give their informa- 
tion to him — said, that the usual 
way was to go before a magistrate 
—and did not seem to think it at 
all nccressary to see the catholic 
gentlemen himself. 

"We understand that the At- 
torney-Gtaicr.d was strongly press- 
ed to receive the communication, 
and to submit it to the Irish go- 
vernment : that he asked, whether 
the gentlemen meant to come to 
him as a committee ? to which the 



Knight of Kerry replied. ' No, sir, 
they will wait on you merely u 
individuals.' 

*• At length the Attorney -Geoe< 
ral appointed ih^^ hcmr of twelre ob 
Monday, the ()ih, at Mr. P*ile*8 of- 
fice, ill the Castle, for receiving 
tlie coinmunicatinn. He said he 
wanted to go to his tountiy seat, 
and fuppo^ed there could be no 
dangrr in the m»'an time. 

** Tlie carl of Fingal, major Bry- 
an, and Mr. O'Conncl, weie ap- 
pointed to go to Mr. PoIeS ofEci^ 
at that hour. I'hey did so acconU 
iugly, and were accomp:mied bf 
Mr. OGormnn. We understand 
that they gave a brief statement of 
the contesHion made by the school* 
nuisier — gave in his name, and tljc 
names and residences of some of 
the trustees who were witoessei 
to that confession ; and also tone 
printed papers belonging to tiM 
as-jociation. They were received 
bv the Attorney-General and Mr. 
l\)le with ceremonious politeneob 
and, having made their comroimi* 
cation, withdrew, leaving it totbe 
Giiverament to act as they should 
think fit. 

g. This morning, an instanoi 
of youthful rashness occurred in ths 
inland department of the post-o& 
fice, for which no plausible xcaNB 
could be assigned. 

One of the messengers heaiiii| 
the report of a pistol in the ivlvn 
office, ran immediately to theplsdl 
fiom whence the noise proceeded, 
and .saw a youth, named Kelne^ 
about i;^ years of age, sitting.oii^ 
chair, by the fire-slde, leasing ih 
head upon his band, and iiQidiof H 
pocket-handliercbief to iiuifms 
The messenger conceiving thitiii^ 
tol might be fired for idle wpail^ 

immi" 



CHRONICLE. 15 

immriiatelj rettrcd. Shortly af- a large skin of leather wlsicfa thef 
terwards one of the clerks entered found in the shop, the servant went 
the office, and observing the young down stairs to empty a vessel in the 
man in the same position, asked cellar 5 on her way thither,' though 
him what was the matter? He she passed through the shop, she 
made no answer : this ei&cited a did not observe any person, but otl 
good deal of surprise ; and upon her return she perceived two men, 
coming close to liim, he observed one of them packing up boots, and 
blood dripping from his clothes on the other coming as from the back 
the floor, very profusely He in- part of the premises, to whom 
stantly went in search of a surgeon, she said, " What ! are you going' 
It being then only six in the morn- to take boots away to-night ? it ig 
ing, he with difficulty procured Sunday !'* thinking they were Som6 
medical assistance; but upon his of her master's journeymen. At 
return to the oilicc he missed this instant one of the villains 
young Kelner. It appears, that made up to her, ^and threatened 
after the yonng man had gone in her, that if she uttered a word he 
•earchof asnrgeon, he went away, would instantly murder her. Oa 
and nothing has since been heard looking round, she discovered the 
of him. The dripping of his blood other to have a black crape over 
was traced into Lombard -street, his face, which so alarmed her that 
but there every clue for discover- she screamed out murder! mur- 
ing whithef he had fled failed. In- der ! several times; and ran to- 
qtrirtes were made for him at the wards the shop door, which was 
Virginia coftee-housc, where he then open, and which in her fright 
had lodged, but there he had pot she shut, and thereby inclosed her- 
arrived. .He had engaged lodgings self with these monsters. Sha 
in Dove-conrt, Lorn bard -street, of continued to scream, though one 
which he was to have taken pos- of them had levelled a blow at her 
session last night, but they had not head which knocked her down, 
heard of him there. On her rising, and not ceasing to 
Some days since he had been call out murder ! thieves ! &c. one 
seen playing in the office with a of the wretches seized her by her 
new pair of pistols, the locks and hair, and with a sharp instrument 
barrels of which he was curious in cut her throat right across the 
the inspection. wind-pipe. She then fell to the 
The body of this poor youth was ground,and remembered no farttet 
afterwards found in the Thames. of what passed. 

On Sunday evening, Jan. 12, The screams of the girl had by 
the shop of Mr. Pryor, a respect- this time alarmed the family up 
able boot-maker, residing at No. stairs, which consisted of Mr. and 
71 > High-street, Borough, South- Mrs. Pryor, and three young men, 
WMrk^ was entered by two des- lodgers. Mrs. Pryor then went 
pecate villains, though by what down stairs, and on her reaching 
means is not yet discovered, but the bottom, actually fell over her ' 
certainly with an intent to rob the wounded servant, as she lay sense- 
premises. While employed in less on the floor. The terror of 
packing up several pair of boots in Mn. Ptyor may be betterconceivcd 

thaa 



IG 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



tlfin described. Notwithstanding 
her fright, hovpcvcr, she got up 
stairs; but it was not a matter easy 
to determine in the minds of those 
above, who should venture down 
to attack, what they supposed a 
banditti of murderers. Mr. Pryor 
and his lodgers then went down, 
nnd found the servant as we have 
before described, the shop door 
being wide open, and, we are sorry 
to say, that the p':rpetratori. of this 
bcrrid crime escaped, leaving be- 
hind them the skin of leather, titd 
up, full of new boots and shofts. 
^I( Jical aid was instantly sent for, 
and llic wound on the nrck v. as 
pronounced not mortal. V^'hat 
adds to the darinsr airccitv of this 
act is, that it was committed so 
early as briwecn eight and nine 
o'clock ; and the premises of Mr, 
Pr}'or arc as public as any situation 
can be, being situated in the Ili^u- 
sireet of bouthwark, not many 
y.irJs from the Town-hall, which 
js as gre.it a thorouf^hfarc as the 
Strand or Klect-street. 

Kottln^Jiam, Jan. 13. — Thclatest 
accounts which we h^ve nceived 
lei'rcsent the hopes which were 
entertained of seeing a speedy end 
to the outiatjes in that neighbour- 
|jfX)d ns being again disappointed. 
Last Week franiC-breaking and 
burning; increased, but only one 
burglary had been heard of. The 
gang in DcMbyshirc, it was believ- 
ed, was nearly broljen up. On the 
2d ir.btanc, an idle wretch, who 
had e.\cited suspicion by a sudden 
transitl'^'n from rags and poverty to 
well drc?scd plenty, was arrested 
at Ileanor, in that county ; and we 
understand^ from information he 
has given, that two other des- 
peradoes were taken at a public- 
house in I.^sLXie, last Wednesday, 



and conveyed in chains t 
gaol ; one of whom, a cc 
pedestrian, and well kno 
deserter, had long been tl 
of the neigliboarhood fc 
around. Astack,containiDj 
tons of valuable hay, was 
to at Mansfield on Sunday < 
the flames of which drew a 
congregation from the n 
chapel in that place^ durir 
servicr'. On Wednesday 
a lar«;e wooden hovel, conl 
<i ::uuity of straw, the pn 
Mrs.Daykin, of Bagthorpc 
fire to at Basford, the \ 
which was consumed. Th 
breaking at Basford^ oi 
ziicrht, had created con 
sen sation. An elderly woi 
wife of a person who held 
these frames, has sworn Xx 
persons as being concerne 
outrage, (two of whom i 
mitted,) on which accou 
was the indignation excite 
her among some of the i 
makers of Basford, that 
judged expedient lo rea 
family with their fumitun 
ed hv the miliiarv, to Not 
as a place of refuge, li 
should fall a sacrifice to 
gcance of the rioters. 

10. A most impcKtai 
very has been made with 
two day^, which remov 
shadow of doubt respec 
guilt of the late suicide 1) 
It was proved liefore tb 
trates of Shadwell olHcei t 
weeks before the murdei 
Williamson and hit iami 
lianiA had been seen to ha< 
French kin'fe with in ivor 
Tliat knife could never bc 
Williams's trunk, or aoK 
of the clothes be left bei 



CHRONICLE. 



17 



Fear Tree public house, 
leqacnt search to find it 
lucoessful. On Tuesday, 
, one of the lodgers of' the 
: public-house, in search- 
pt some old clot hts, tound 
cet, whlcii he imiiiaiiately 
j as part of Wiliir.iiu's 
He proceeded to cxa- 
ostly, nnd upon luoking 
iide pocket, he found it 

with coagulated blood, 
od-stained hand had been 
I it He brought it down 
•'crmilye, ^who instnnily 
lope and another of the 
police ofiirers, to make 
irch in the house. Ewjy 
then underc^'cnt the 

exanii nation, for about 
nd a half, when the ofti- 
at last to a small clc^bct, 
f discovered the object (jf 
lit. In one corner of the 
5 wasa heap of dirty srixk- 
her clothes, \\ iiLch bcin^ 
they observed a bit of 
trading from a moiise- 
e wall, which they im- 
drew out^ and at the 
int they discovered the 
I dasp-knifr, apparently 
blood ; which upon bc- 
ht forth, proved to ha 
al French knife seen in 

posses^iion before the 
the handle and blade*, of 
e imearcd all over with 
lis fact complete'^ that 
long circuiiislantial jvi- 
wAf idduced against the 
the bloody jacket :\\co 
•nfirm his guilt. It :s 
^ that that part oi his 
Ht have been atain;*.! 
lioAof the unibrtui'.'it'i 
IMHODj when *Lc iui^'.'Jc 

y. 



was transferring her money, with 
liis bloody hand, to hU pocket. 

ly. Anu!scomini>n cirounsst ^:i'.- 
in the anii;ils oi juri "s rccirrrcd 
on 'Jliursdav, 'iiie cast t^ii thn 
tliip Anna J^laria c\ji:r.* on to be 
tried at Guildhall: viur wliicii, 
the jury rt tired i j consider of ihtir 
verdict; Air. G. Jiarckiv bAiii^ 
thc-ir foreman. WJicn liic c';i;rt 
closed, the jury had not made up 
their ntinds on the subject. Ihev 
continued in the Iribh «.'hsmbcr all 
night, and yt^tcrday morning they 
were as undt-cided ;is t-vcr. to- 
wards the altcrnoun, },li: B. Hut- 
ton, one of the jurymen, pf^titiouftd 
the court to be released, which 
was attended to. Wi' understand 
that a new trial will hi: necessary, 
and, of course, a fresh jury. 

Nott'mgham, Jan, \i), — On Sa- 
turday night week a number of 
men, supposed nut less th.;n forty, 
disguised in various ways, and 
armed with pistol.<t, S:c. proceeded 
to the house of Mr. B'tnson j and, 
after sentinels had been placed at 
all the noighbouis' doors, aiitl ihe 
avenues leading to it, about eight 
(rntered ; and some of tiiem drove 
the family intu the pantry, with 
threats of i mined iatc death, if ihey 
created the least alarm, with ih'j 
exception of one woman, who 
was expected every huui to t'dil in 
travail, and she was permitted to 
remain in the pjirlourj the rest 
I>rocecdod into ttie work-siicp^^ and 
demolished the eight Irames \u 
about as many minutes. 'I'hey 
•»-c.ipL'd wiihout detection. On 
Mo:, lay v\ exjing, about six o'clock^ 
eighi mc:i entered the house of 
Mv. i\oblc, nt New Radford, in 
v:ir!)\ii duguiscs, and armed wiih 
J:rt'*reut L'lstr u mentis : while ci;c 
C remained 



IS 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



iWMiibed beiow to tako care of 
Mm* Noble, the othcn proceeded 
up stairs to demolish four warp 
lace frames, because they were 
inakiDg what is called two-course 
bole. In vain Mr, Noble informed 
thcra that he was receiving eight- 
penoe a yard more than the stand- 
ard price. •' It was not the price/* 
^cy said, " but the sort of net they 
objected toj" and he was forced 
out of his frame with the blow of 
a sword, which narrowly missed 
his head, and which cut asunder 
nearly the whole of the threads 
ao^oss his- frames. The screams of 
his wife, (which a severe blow on 
the head with the butt end of a 
pistol could not still), brought him 
down to her assistance, vfhcre he 
found a neighbour who had come 
in^at thp back door to their aid, 
and who, in conjunction with Mr* 
JCoblo, seized the man in the 
bonse, and attempted to disarm 
him ; but he, finding himself in 
danger, called out " Ned Ludd," 
when his companions rushed down 
stairs, before they had demolished 
the fourth frame, to his rescue; 
and in the scuffle, one of them 
snapped a pistol, which happily 
missed hrc. When their compa- 
nion was liberated, they found the 
door fast ; but they cut it in pieces 
in a few seconds, and forced their 
way through a collected crowd, 
threatening destruction to any one 
who should attrmpt to oppose 
them. The house of Mr. Slater, 
of New Radford, was also entered 
late on Tuesday night ; the first 
man presenting a drawn sword lo 
his breast when he opened the 
door, suspecting it had been his 
own apprentice who wanted to 
ix>nK in; but tlie depredators con- 



tented themselves with ciSHinx tht 
warp asunder on tiie beam of die 
fraroe> and with taking awaj the 
wheels whidi are Bcoessary to ihe 
formation of the two-oeurse hole 
mesh. The same night two plaia 
cotton-frames, were brtokoi at 
Sneinton -, their boUers being 
charged with working at ao abated 
price. On Saturday night ^iraek, 
a hay-stack was burnt at Bolwelli 
and we have just learnt that two 
frames, belonging to a hosier ia 
this town, were last night broken 
in the parish of Westhallank, 19 
Derbyshire. A picquet of a bondnd 
men now parades the streets of Net- 
tingham,in separate parties, headed 
by the civil authorities, every sight. 
24. The following article is es* 
tracted from the Plymoath Td** 
graph ; — '* On the evening of ibe 
20th instant, Margaret Hoxt^k» 
of Dodbroek, near Kingsbridge^ a 
c])ild only nine years old, was sent 
on an errand by her mother to 1 
neigbbooriog shocitiaker's; botit 
was to retura no more-^for en- 
ticed, as it is supposed, by two 
men, with whom the had beeo scea 
on the Totnes^road, she \tas first 
violated, and then murdered in the 
most inhuman manner. Her pa- 
rents made every research and in- 
quiry for their child: biiit to 00 
purpose, until the following monb- 
ing, when her shift was discowed 
about a mile from Dodbrooke. 
much torn and dyed with blood. 
On searching further, her oianglod 
corpse was found in the sanoe fields 

Serfectly divested of clothing. Her 
ead, smashed to pieces, appoiOitfy 
with stones, was literally 4rivcii 
into the earth. The perpecratoi* 
of this crime have hithettp ^?^f^P^ 
detection.*' , 

25. 0tt 



CHRONICLE. 



19 



^. On Thursday night week 
last, in the evening, as Mr. Brant- 
l^n, of South-lodge» in Tipperary, 
5xras going from his bouse to his 
stable, three men, who had lain in 
^Kraity presented their pieces at him, 
and desired him to deliver bis 
arms. Mr. B. who had no arms, 
returned into the house, pursued 
by one of the ruffians, who com- 
manded him to quench th6 candle. 
Mr. B.obe3red,and instantly J ocked 
up the villain on the inside. Feeling 
bis danger, thefellow discharged his 
blunderbuss. The muzzle was so 
dose to Mr, B. that his clothes were 
set on fire, and his shoulder mlsera- 
blj lacerated : but Mr. B. seized 
the ruffian. Mrs. B. hearing the 
shot, ran out of the parlour with a 
candlestick in her hand, and strucli* 
the villain three blows on the 
face ; which so stunned him, that 
she and her husband were able to 
drag him to the kitchen. The 
robber was beginning to struggle, 
i/trhcii an unexpected auitiliary ap- 
peared. A house-dog seeing his 
master attacked, secuted the rob- 
ber by the arm which held the , 
blunderbuss ; and he was so per. 
fectly crippled, that Mr. and Mrs. 
B. tied him and locked him up in 
the cellar. Mr. B. then hearing 
the fellows abroad firing shots, 
loaded the blunderbuss, and guard- 
ed the house until morning, when 
he sent fbr a magistrate, who 
came with a militarjr force, and 
took Michael Wall, the fellow 
thus secured, and another named 

Cooney. 

' iVb/f/f?f^;». -^ Hic outrages in 
^is town atid the counties adja- 
cent are continued with as much 
activity and malignity as ever, and 
may be said to have assumed a 



more decided character thim at any 
period since the commencement oi 
the malpractices. A letter received 
in town yesterday morning states, 
that between 30 and 40 frames 
were broken on Sunday night, and 
several the following evening. Th* 
most turbulent spirit is strongly 
manifested in all the proceedings 
of the Luddites, which have been 
extended to Yorkshire. They 
have destroyed by fire, a crop-mill 
at\ Leeds, merely because, upon A 
new plan, it was found to do the 
Work of a number of men, conse- 
quently was a considerable saving 
to the proprietors. Catmankey^ 
Basford, New Radford, and Lidley, 
were scenes of the hiost daring 
depredations in Che beginning of 
the week. 

2^. The spirit of insurrectioti 
which has so long disgraced the 
county of Nottingham has been 
feridered doubly alarming, from 
the secrecy with which it has been 
conducted, and the dispatch with 
Hvhich the objects it embraces have 
been carried into execution. In 
most of the villages where so many 
frames have been broken, parties 
of the military have been stationed, 
hut their exertions h:ivc been in- 
adequate towards the apprehension 
of the offenders. Such is the re- 
gularity with which their plans arc 
laid, and the dexterity with which 
they arc carried into effect, that it 
has been foutKl impossible to detect 
them . They asseniblc, and disperse 
when their object has been obtain- 
ed, in a moment. They arc mar- 
shalled and (^isdplined like a regu- 
lar army, and are commanded by 
one particular leader, under whose 
banners they swear to conquer or 
die! At the moment qf my wtiting 

C% thij 



^ 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1SI2. 

bisJetter, Ihear wktbc^itienacrc- went wiih all pouibte speedf-aBd 

Tcl, thai General Hawker is goncf a* many of Ibe Bfinnej trocp of 

'^ to Biilwdl, a itiaoufac luring ycomanty as could be collccle^ 

iliage, abuut six miles disiaot, (ihc^ being Id the neigbbouihwi 

I'itli a strong party of ihe Betk- of the scene of action} wereinoDe^ 

Lire Altlitia, and two ofifcers, to dialely mouoied— one party pDi- 

juell a most serious disturbaucc in sued the depiedatore, while elben 

bat quarter. I hear that two seized all t!ie passes over tlie Trent, 

iibcr regiments (of infantry) have for the space of tout miles, anda 

ctcived orders to marcb forthwith a full persuasion that the Luddite* 

p Noitingbam) the proportion of could not CKape; hut, such is the 

oilitary now in this town being generalship of [be latter, thai, they 

n'ufficient for the purpose of pro- seized a boat which nobody dse 

uring the public security through' bad thought of, and repassed the 

put the country, Tiiat a funhcT river in two diviiions, in pci£xl 
□ilitary force is necessary In the. safety, and etcaped. 

ounty, ihcre can be butoneopi- The same night a frame wk 

lion. Several fiow-atrcci officers broken at Bulwejl. while a sergeant 

Kivc arrived from London, and and six men, belonging to the 

nore are daily expected. Eetksliirc militia, were employed 

29. It is impossible to convey a ^o watch it — the parties exchanged 

iroper idea of tliestateof the pab- 'shots several times, but it is not 

ic mind in this town during ibe known that any one waa ivotuided, 

ait four or five days : the constant tlioqgh one of the Luddites lost a 

laradiug of the military in the shoe and his hammer, 

ligbt, and tbtit movemenls in va- On Sunday night 45 frames weie 

ious direciions during both night broken at Selitm, fiagthotp, and 

md day, give us the appearance of the neigbbouring haiolcts, about 

1 state of warfare. May we not nine miles from thir.town ; «ad lb 
lave it more in realilyl same evening, about seveo o'cioek. 

The destfuciion of more than 20 a circumstance took place at Bai- 

rames, at Lcnton, on Thursday fordofthemostdaringdescription; 

;vening last, within a few hundred for, while three scJdiers woe in 

'ard; »)f our barracks, and two be- the house of one Wm. Baiba, to 

ng cleanly carried away in a neigh- protect three frames, a partj rf 

K:>ui;ing hamlet the sai^e uigfal, Luddites entered the faonaCf aad 

leiglitened the state of alarmj and immediately confiDcd the aoldieni 

heoperationsofseveralsubscquent and while two of the party itood 

lights bave given it an additional sentry at the door with the aoldiuB' 

iicrease. muskets, others demolished tiK_ 

On Saturday night the frame- frames; and, when the. -mitdiieC 

ve a kers crossed the rivet Trent, and was done, the muskets wece.idta-^ 

iroke fourtern frames al Budding- charged and the toldicrs libc^)ted, 

on, and twenty at Clifton, leaving tbc depredators wishjpg thjaa ^ 

JUi two whjle, ill the latter [own. goodnight. ..., 

\r\ f;^>'o^s was sent otTtuNottiug- On Monday evening thf^^^iqaE^ 

lacnfora troopoftbellusfars, who frames were brokea 11^ tinf la^e 



CHRONICLE. 



2V 



triage, one of which was taken 
atsd fixed on the top of the round- 
hoose^ or village prison, and there 
left as a public spectacle, which 
%^as seen by many. 

These things arc done almost 
in the face of eight officers from 
Bow- street, and immense local po- 
lice, and three regiments of sol- 
diers. 

The last mentioned night 26 
frames were demolished at Cot- 
grave, a village six miles' south of 
the Trent; and the depredators 
again escaped across the water 
without detection : and, notwith- 
standing the number of men who 
have been taken up, it is the gene- 
ral opinion, that not one real 
frame-breaker has been taken j nor, 
from the best information that can 
be obtained, has any thing like 
correct evidence been drawn from 
any of the prisoners. 

Four prisoners were yesterday 
brought in, with great parade, by 
three several parties of military and 
civil officers; two of whom are 
persons who have had frames 
broken in their own houses, and 
another is a well-known maniac 
of the name of NVaplington, who 
is at the present time a pauper of 
St. Mary*s parish, in this town, 
and who has for years been in the 
habit of wandering about. It ex- 
cited much laughter to see a Bow- 
street officer, with this poor crea- 
ture confined in a cart by bis side, 
driving furiously along the streets, 
and guarded by about half a score 
of Hussars. It is supposed the 
mat»ac has been caught in one of 
his wandering excursions; and, as 
usual, refused to give an account 
of himself. 

' ^7. On Saturday week the shock 
of an earthquake was felt in many 



places in* Oxfordshire. In Tets- 
, worth, Islip, Blechingdon, Radley, 
and Wo!vercbit,the windows were 
much shaken. It was accompanied 
by a deep rumbling noise, similar 
to the sound of a distant discharge 
of hca\y ordnance. 

On Monday last, that ancient 
edifice, the tower of Christ Church, 
Oxford, which contains Great Tom, 
was in imminent danger of being 
destroyed by fire. A room adjoin- 
ing this venerable structure, the 
hearth-stone of which was laid on 
a large oak beam, it is conjectured, 
bad taken fire, and been secretly 
burning for iwo or three days be- 
fore it was discovered. Alarm was 
given, and assistance procured in 
time to prevent the consequences 
that must otherwise have ensued. 

Considerable discussion took 
place at Lincoln, on Thursday, at 
3 meeting for the adoption of the 
system of national education, on 
an amendment moved by Sir 
R. Heron, " That the plan of cdu- 
" cation adopted by the meeting, 
*' should be such as not to exclude 
" the children of christian dissent- 
" ers from the advat)tnge of the 
" education proposed ; and th^it 
" those children should be per- 
*"mitted to attend divine service 
*' at the respect! vt: places of their 
."religious worship. " A debate 
arose on the principle, that it mili- 
tated against the fundamental ob- 
ject of the society. The speakers 
were, in support of Sir Robert 
Heron's motion, Mr. Langton, Mr. 
Mawcr, and Mr. Draper. In sup- 
port of the original proposition, the 
Lord Lieutenant, the Dean of Lin- 
coln, Sir J. W. Gordon, the Rev. 
S, Turner, Col. Ellison, th'* llfv. 
Mr. Belt, Mr. Turner, Mr. Dalton, 
Mr. Cholmclry, Mr. Hare, Mr. F.' 

Chaplin, 



i*r> 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



Cbaplin, and Mr. M3ssiri?:^pr?i. 
The anjeiidmcnt was negniivv-d, 
nnd the orL^inal resolutions cavrit'd. 

Le^iis Scssio?is, — T/ic Toli-r^i' 
uon Art. — Mr. Rulujit u ood, a 
preacher in tbt- iiiuiljcxli^t coi\- 
uectlon, presented himself brtbrt: 
the magistrates, and requp.^T'.l tvM 
the oaths might be adipi-.ji't^rwNi 
lo him, that he iniiihr nr.:ik'. ilii;: 
<l^cl;ir;uion required by the Tde- 
ration Act, to quality him to ulR- 
c'iate :is a iiis^eniing teacher. 

The Bt'nch inquin.d, it h?. was 
appointed a te:icher to any spicilie 
congregation r 

The Rev. Mr. ^^ ond, :,en. who 
:s also a travelling p»#-.^rher in tiic 
.»ame connecti(^n, it|)iio<'. that hi.> 
son \\?.o lo prrarl; ;it Branilty. 

Recorder. — •• Sp.tlVr tl^^ >''"'""?; 
--nan to answer ih-. oue-jtiun him- 

Mr. Robert \Vc\-»d — '* I? h\ ir.- 
WTided that I sht.nid pre;u:li at 
Brarulev. Annlcv, and othijr vil- 
/.L'.'c's in the vicinity." 

'4"he Recorder, a^.tcr siMiie ccn- 
vcrsation with the biiich Aad the 
eminsel near him, resinned : — 
" From a report ot a case ju.'^t pub- 
'* Ji».hed, it appears, that the Court 
*' of King's Bench have decided, 
•' that a protestaut dissenter, who 
*' states himself as one wiio preaches 
*• to several concre^ntions, without 
'* shewing that he has a separate 
•* con:Tr<Tatioa alt»ichcd to him, is 
" not entitled to take the oaths 
'* f.nd make the declaration rc- 
*^ quired by the Toler::rion Act. 
'• Jl will, therefore, be necessary 
'• for you to prove you;- appoint- 
'* nrient to preach to a separate 
** congregation, before you can be 
" cntiikd vo take the oaths" 

Mr. Maude here observed, that 
iheugh the Court of Ku)g's Bench 



did not, in the case citec 
proper to issue a mands 
comjTel the magistrates 
minister the oath.<, it did 
lo\/ that the oaihs might 
adLuinistercd as heretofon 
oat requiring tliose new cc 
which were never befor 
cf. 

Mr. Hainsworth, in rep 
the Magistrates could onl 
nT.\!(r the oaths aejreeabi; 
pri>visious of the Tuierati 
and il that act required cer 
viofi-^ conditions, it was li 
p(n\er of thst bench, or ar 
ro dijpcn.-e with them; ft 
r..a«-iMLrares in the case aiJ 
J;: i 'e'.'uired anv ihiner to 
which the law had not n 
r» >'.:»rv» the Court of King 
would have iMifUcd a niand 
I on) no 1 them to admiui 

In ihi .te observations t 
eoiucivlod, and refused to ; 
tcr the raths. 

richrc tl'.e court adjourr 
Iloliby, a student cnder th 
<iJ the Rev. Mr. Steadmai 
.«( nting minister at Bnidfi 
seAlitd himself for the sa 
pose, and bit applicnti 
rcjecti d on the same gxDO! 
it appeared that this gentle 
made application to an i 
sessions, the court having 
diction out of this boron 
}ic was advised to make ap 
to the sessions for the ridi: 
this the applicant exprcft 
suq^rise at the new p 
which, after the lapse of a 
had been discovered in tbi 
tion Act, and that ms^iai] 
been uniformly in tbe |M 
aduExinistering ihe oatlM«- 
any reference to tbof^ 4l 



CHRONICLE. 



SS 



s Conrt of King's Brnch 
ed t» be necessary. 
icrt this nrticle as excm- 
ut ambiguity in the To* 
Let which produced tiie 
amendment, passed with 
acaireuce in the present 

lanilla frigate. Captain 
IS untbrtunately wrecked 
ak sand, off the Texel, 
h January. She remain - 
land-bank for two days, 
ich time the Dutch fi^ih- 
ilot- boats, under the di- 
 Admiral De Winter, 
iderable t xertions to save 
of whom, about 180 
rrved, incjuding the cap- 
5 frigate was completely 
;ed, and could not be 
f . She had been sent to 
to ascertain the fate of 
ind Gra'ishopi)er. 
lao named John fiunton, 
' committed to the city 
orwich, for burglariously 
iie premises of Messrs. 
the ni^ht, and stealing 
cotton. I'hc conductor 
aufactor^' has a dauditer 
rintencb the department 
by women, and aloeps 
1 adjoin in ^. Siie was 
by A Qoibc, when, slip- 
, gre<it-coat that lay in 
she ran to her father's 
who not being dressed 
leut speed, siie sikiiciied 
hammer^ and went alone 
k inCo the manutaciory, 
peroeived Bunton tjking 
ittmiiom a loom. She 
lackhiiu on the back of 
Qtli tbe hammer, and on 
jAbout fcprated U)e t)low 
ftelMMd with such ef)er t , 
^l|n, to the ground co- 



vered with blood. Apprehending 
he might have accomplices, she 
shrieked, which brought her Either 
to her assistance, and they secured 
the robber. 

31. Some uneasiness was last 
week excited at Glasgow, originat- 
ing in the distresses which have for 
a considerable time been experi- 
enced by tbe operative weavers in 
tliat city and neighbourhood. 

For about a year past the wea- 
vers have been without full em* 
jiloyment; and tliose who have 
Ivien able to procure work have had 
their wages so mucli reduced, that 
few of them have been able to earn 
more than seven shillings per week, 
though many of them liave large 
families. 

About ten days ago, delegates 
from these men waited upon the 
magistrates of Glasgow, to repre- 
sent to them their distressed statu, 
and to solicit their attention to the 
misery of their families. What 
was the result of this application 
we have not leanit ; but in a day 
or two after, circular notices were 
sent to all the operative weavers 
for many miles round Gla^igow, 
inviting them to assemble at tlie 
public Green, as on Thursday last. 
The magistrates, alarmed for the 
possible consc(]uences, invited the 
delegates to a a>nt'erence ; repre- 
sented to tiicni I he dangers that 
might l)c apprehended from so large 
ai> a^semblage, and induced them 
to circubtc new notices, prohibit- 
ing the projxxscd niceting. 

The n^ai^istrates, we understand, 
have jxiid pariia.ilar attention to 
the representations of these men ; 
and we have no doubt, th>m the 
decorum which has been exhibited^ 
that public order will be main* 
taiucd. 

Thf 






ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812 



TI»c mf5Rt#-.r manufacturers have 
hf-rn requirf;*! by tl^o magstratcs 
{■» have a iwceliijf^ upon ihr busi- 
ness, and we doubt not, thai thry 
'^vi'.l pfi^ the pr'^pri'^ty oi' giving an 
jiore.Tse ot wages to those they 
•**nipli>y. Ilcmnnt W iKineJ that 
it IS .m p\tR*mt' hard.-ihip to work- 
in. n, .vhcncvt-r there is a scarcity 
ot einrlnymcnr, to experieiice at 
ihi, han»c tinn: a grfut redaction in 
ihf' i'.rice of their labour. 

A ti'i'* racorn was last week 
t.JAfii In the w. 'id^ :il I or J Gro^vc- 
i;i;r's seal at K:i:<;n. It war> disc- 
v« ri d in thit cl'ti uf an agt-d oa!;, 
I)y a ^!IOom, wlio quickly Mart? d 
h, ;!iid vi:h the a>sistanc<.* of dog-; 
liad ii -fcured. It i.** supposed that 
this iKiiivtj of tlic forests had ni.ule 
itstsc.ipc from the menagerie of 
in)i\n: ii\i\'t'\iiu\i sh'.nvnian. 



!. Th. city of (Jsrania. which 
:s i.jT Hi!."* i':.':i s-^vt.ii leagues 
jVcjiii th'"- (; r.f r K-.' .K'.na. lias been 
ffi.niiiv i:!rn..i^ed bv tl-e torrrnts 
Li Ii\ 1 wiili wl.icii tl-.e vallcv (-( 
jX.i ar.i wiii fi:l: .1. T!:£ itreani uf 
Ii'. a rii;\vcu n:* in^-rt^ tiiHii one 
k.-ii^ue fr.nu i::c v/j11:. of the city, 
w!ii»:h tl'c. iiihaSitants, in their 
first alsrn"..', abandoned. A few 
days befoi'? the eruption of the 
vole.' no, a Mis:Iit trembling was 
e.xperif.na-d at Messina, which da- 
Tnai^c-d iiiany of the houses. Uur- 
5ii5 the \^holy of the period of 
Alarm, v^shcl-i v^^re kept at Cata- 
nia, on board v/h:ch the English 
iiuof s in -rarriso;! there might em- 
bark, in case the lava shoUid pe- 
iietratr into the city. Some of our 
3rr>era caused thcniFtly?! to bt 



transported to the fool 
^:^tna, that they luig 
more clo'sely the conrsi 
vouHted trum the crate 
The towD of Sarga 
irig of about <MX)hoii« 
duced to a heap of a 
night of the Sth of 
llieic were a numb 
houses tidni with gi 
were likewise destroj 
t(t:n of the inhabitant 
tliC llame-. 

Hr'ais/i N/:vai T 
f.;ll»)wini; is extracts 
oMicial returns of tl 
(Ireat Britain, up to t 
At 5"a, bO of the lir 
I'll) frigates, 97 .slooi" 
12 > brigs, 30 cutters, 
ers— total 522. In p 
ting^ :J of the line, 
frigatc«i, 38 sloop?, ] 
brip;-, 0' cutlers, 17 
total 171. Guard-shi 
liMr, 1 til'ry, 4 fiigatcs 
trtal I'l. Hospital 
3'k of the line. 4 lift it 
— total .10. Total in 
Mh of the line, 21 
fiigatc.^, 130 sloops, f 
brigs, ^\J cutters, /(i 
total 7-17. In ordinar 
ing for service, 60 of 
fifties, 56 frigates, 3 
bombs, 10 brigs, 2 
total lp3. Buildingj 
line, 2 fifties, 13 frigs 
—total 52:— Grand 1 
the line, ^(j fifties, 
172 sloops, 12 bombj 
3(5 cutters, 78 schoc 
whole, PQ2 vessels 
the varied force of 
navy, there are» in 
ranean, 87 vessels ; 3 
Oft' the coast of 
Portugal, .7^i i& -^ 



.CHRONICLE. 



S5 



In the English Chaood^ 82 ; 14 
Ckf. the line. 

1 2« An aihgator ^at shot through 
the head at Ghaasepoore hy an offi- 
cer of the 67th regiment, which 
•was 29 feet in ^kngth and ^seven in 
circumference. In the stomach 
were found scnreral. half-digested 
hnmaa limbs, the heads of two 
children, aod more than twenty 
Manes <^ probahly swAJiowed in 
order to assist digestion. * 

A melancholy accident happened 
lately at Bergen^ in Norway. In 
consequence of the heavy rains, an 
enormous stone was detached from 
the mountain, and falling upon 
some buildings, crushed 49 per- 
sons to death. 

A silk weaver, named John 
Urssulak, died lately at Lemburg, 
in Prussia, at the age of 116 years. 
He had had six wives. The last, 
who survives him, brought him a 
son twelve months ago. He was 
extremely healthy and active, and 
walked six. miles the day before 
his death. 

3. For some time past, Oster* 
ley-park, the residence of the Earl 
of Jersey, and its neighbourhood 
about Brentford, have been infest- 
ed with numerous poachers. On 
Wednesday night, between eleven 
and twelve, George Wood, the 
gamekeeper, with three men, 
went in pursuit of poachers j and 
when they came to a £ield close 
iwder a wood belonging to the 
noble earl, they heard a noise, 
which, they bad no doubt, was 
the report of an air gun. They 
made towards (he part whence the 
xeport came, and heard four more 
similar rqjorts. When they came 
near the spot, they heard the bceak- 
ipg of bushes, and a large dog 
bark^ who flaw at them^ ^ ea* 



deavonred to seize • them ; but 
they kept him off, ^nd ran forward 
towards) the buslies, ^jerft, they 
observed a man going from them 
and running away. They ran after 
him, and coming near him, he 
turned about and presented a gun 
at them : however, they pursued 
him courageously, when the man 
turned his gun and endeavoured to 
knock the gamekeept* r down with 
the bttt-end of it ; but failing in 
that, he set otl' again. The game- 
keeper followed closely, and he 
threw his gun into the bushes: 
the gaajekceper at length seized 
him by the collar, when a man of 
the name of John Goodfellow, 
rushed from a cover and struck 
the gamekeeper - a violent blow 
with an iron instrumenti he re- 
peated ilie blow which knocked 
the gamekeeper down tfeforc be 
could recover h]m«eif,and enabled 
the man .whom he had secured, 
and who had the gun, to escape* 
At this juncture Shepherd and 
Fletcher, two of the men who 
were out with the gamekeeper to 
assist him, came up and secured 
Goodfellow., A light was then 
procured, and the iron instrunwnt 
proved to be an air-pump belong- 
ing 10 an air-gun, which was 
thrown into the bubhes by the man 
who escaped. The air-pump was 
found about a yard off the &pot 
where the gamekeeper received 
the blows. On the same spot was 
found a bag, containing leaden bul- 
lets, and another containing a hare 
and a pheasant, which appeared to 
have been killed by bullets. The 
air-gun was found in the bushes 
where the man threw it when he 
was ^pursued. Groodfellow was 
conveyed to the Public Otiice, 
Bow-street, on Thursday aficr- 

noou. 



^ ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 

Aoon,Biidwit«9Qnvfct6dmiK)erthe> scait ^SrJolniBB)^ BaM.) Tie 

6ame Acts ot' sg and 40 of Geo.} batter, who Htpt od the gmni 

III. ; md detained for thm iiB»alt> floor> was av«teoed 4A3oat dmsB 

oa the gmneliMper. o'clock, bf 4kn tioiie of iqqm- 

^. On Saturday monimg tbr tiling falliogiii the^botiflelBe^a^s 

€urlotity <yf %ht iofaabStaats of room aiyokmagc Cooceiviiig k 

Brighton was attracted by the ap- might be somcipf U^ attvaDtt, be 

pearanc^ of noarly one hmidred got up, and for a frolic^ look a 

men, attired in yellow jackets and blahderbaM amd adTmced to the 

trowsers, walking about the streets door, calling out, '* now fyt your 

smoking their pipes, who, after bcains:'* all was dttit; «t tibM 

much inquiry, were found to be moment a pereoo psshed him, aoi 

Spanish and German deserters, and another knocked him down $ they 

prisoners from the French armies then trampled opon him, and coe 

in Spain and Portugal, that had oi them made a cut at his thrott 

volunteered into the British ser* with a sharp instrument, but widi* 

Tice. Twenty of them have been out injuring him materially. Tbe 

received by the 10th hussars, and butler, who is a strong roan, held 

tlie rest are to be incorporated with the blunderbuss fast, and eontiivai 

the Gertnan Legion. to discharge it, tlKxrgh without 

6. A most daring gang of effect. By this time the &aSiiy 
thieves and receivers of stolen were alarmed; Mr. Johnston 
goods has been discovered and sprung a rattle, and arming iiioi* 
broken up, in the neighbourhood self, and one of his sons, prooeei- 
of Abergavenny and Crickhoweil. ed down stairs j they found the 
Tbey consisted principally of men haU door open ; and on descend' 
employed at the iron* works in that ing to the range on the ground- 
district, of whom five have been floor, the butler had just recovered 
committed to Brecon gaol, and himself, the Yillains having fled 
two to Monmouth, charged with but a few minutes > the other ier- 
offences in the respective counties, vants collected together, and tbs 
A constable at Crick howell had house was searched. It appeared 
very minutely examined the house that a b<^ had been "let down iutetbe 
of one of the parties suspected of coal-cellar, through the apertaie 
receiving the goods^ when, upon outside the house, and had haai 
fttting down in the lower apart- means to make his way so a» ^ 
ment, he thought one of the flag- open the outer doors for the jp^ 
^6ues moved. This induced a bers, who proceeded to the libia^ 
further search, and^ on removing opened an escritoire where ttfi 
some of the stones, he found con- keys of others were deposiM^ 
cealed, in a place curionsly con- which they took, and by this oesfl' 
structed for the purpose, a large roounaged all the draweok^^ 
quantity of shop- goods of evciy pJetely. Mrs. Johnston kept H^ 
description. valuables there, the wholerfulA* 
Early this morning, some vil- were afterwards found bdiwMW* 
lains entered the honse of John in the pockets of a great feiA^|lp 
Johnston, Esq, of Danson-hill, they had pressed iulo ttej^pit^ff)^ 
near Welling, in Kent, (late the they then pri)cecd|ea tH W***f . 



CHRONICLE. 



S7 



nom, and packed up in 
tb all the plate they could 

hands on. Nothing, 
has been missed^ with 
lion of a sa^all box they 
be escritoirej containing 

thirty guineas in gold. 
B plan of these robbers 
shewed that they acted 
d information/ us they 

keys where no stranger 
e done so, and by this 



places where valuable artidei weic 
kept; Uiey had a dark lantern 5 and 
it is remarkable that the. boy, 
while the villains were struggling 
with the butler, was present, and 
managed the lantern so as to throw 
all the light on the butler's face, 
and hide the persons of the robbens. 
The butler behaved with great 
courage : he received several cuts 
on the bands, besides that uxi the 
throaty and was much bruised. 



t access directly to the 

the effective Strength of the 'Regular and Militia Forces, on tie 
2o//i ff June, 1811, a?ul the 25t/i 0/ Dec. 1811. 

Adjutant-Generars Office, Feb. 11, 1812, 

W/ Home, 07i the 25 1 A of June, IS 11. 



T. 




INFANTRY. 




. and 


Foot 


T, .^ For. and 
^"^- Cc'rni.il. 


Toi:il 


f2ial. 


GiU. 


Regulars 


591 


G'34-i 


4;,M2 L;,lf>2 


tl9,144 



Militia. 



Gen. 

Toial. 



Abroad, an the '15 th of June, 1811. 
140 I 3350 I 98,07() 34,851 | 147,6l3 | | l47,6lS 

TOTAL. 

731 I G^i)-\ I 145,510 :^.r,0i3 I 216,757 I 77*424 | 294^181 

Jt H(j?r:€y on the 25 tk of Dec. 1811- 
8(55 J 3748 ! 45,501 2,745 | 65,909 | 77^59 I 143,068 

Abroad, on the 2'^ith of Dec. 1811. 
1130 I 3i:iO 1 99,735 CO,320 I 153,040 j | 153,040 

TOTAL. 

€01 I 6*878 I 145,236 'J.[)Ji\Q5 \ 218,949 } 77,159 j 296,10.'^ 

the numhcr of recruits revised ^uarier/y, ly the ordi^ar^ modes 
uting. — finally approved for the regular anny, (exc/uiive tf 
€nd co/eiual tiorps) in the year IS 11 : — 
For n limited period, Kt/3^^ Fcri'ii'e, 7/^03 \ -p *. t «. ^,-, 
For a limited period, :;0U Forlitf:, l.Vso j ^'^"^ * ■•''^* 
imber of tlescriions IVwb the regulai army at home^ from 
of December, I8IO, to the 24th of December, ISll, waa 



I "Friday sc'nnight. Mi. 
if the Old Park, ntjv 
0, Shropshire, wns fomul 
■Jto a stone- quarry iicni 
6: there was u deep 
Itbe crown of his head, 
fcf hiftejes^ both app3- 



renily mnde with a large sliarp in- 
strurn<^nf, and two deep gashes 
ncro.-a his throat : his head was 
drc-.id fully f.-actured in seven i 
pl^ce-s. His hoube was ransacked^ 
2I} the drawers, &c. opentd, every 
thir.'g of value takec, and the keys 

were 



50 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 

kave to renew our wcMj Ustof tvtis, of the West Essex wSbth, 

hntom frames: as, bowerer, thd was topped between Stiheo woi 

firame^breakei? sdll continoe their Nonoiui*-crDSs, at ^gbt m tbe 

operatkns in despite of ererj c%* e^eotng, by a number of fi^ovs, 

erttoo of the civil and milkaiy ao<- wbo, ifter hating kxHxASed hio 

thorities, we nmst-ckrour dntj to down and robbed bim of his watd 

tbe pubbc:^ This nioming» about and naonej, wrendied 0ptn his 

five o*clock> a number of men en* jaws, and with sav^e croeltycot 

tered in it the chaoi^r window of off a fnece of hifi tongue ! it k 

Mn Harvey, West-street, Broad- said (bat the setjeant has Uteir 

lane* in this town^ and while some been active in soppreamg the pk- 

of them secured the family, others trade at Nomum-cross b^mdcs; 

proceeded into thewttfksfaop^ and revenge> therefore, in aliproba^ 

demolished five warp-lace frames^ Bty, instigated the rafEans to ths 

which were em^jed m mak« atrocions act. 
ing two-course-hole tiet: they P^wraxfA, P^^. 25.<-*To-daytiitf 

were all very valoable frames, and place has been visitod by a oorr 

one of them was 72 inches wide ; dteadful thunder-stimn flian bai 

and, what is worthy of remark, been experienced berar for aattf 

Mr. Harvey bad, a short time ago^ years;. The lightning w» exced- 

removed from New Radford to this ingly vivid, and the daps tremeal' 

town, as a place of safisty. Two onsly loud, aocompanieit with s 

frames were left unbroken ; and it heavy shower of haiL Srvert! 

is supposed they were saved through persons who were 00 the citadel at 

a neighbouring woman calltag ouc the time, distinctly saw tke x\cs> 

' murder,* and who had a pistol trie fluid strike one of the guni : 

discharged at her to make her cease its direction was from S. W, to 

her noise. Mr. Harvey had two N. E. nearly. In this dreadfcl 

loaded pistols and a bhmderbusa storm the fore and main top-(b3^ 

in bis house, the former of which of bis majesty's ship, Toonint, 

the frame-breakers took away j were struck with lightning, wbvh 

and as they were descertding from shattered them, and beat dcmn 

the window, it was thought by and wounded no less than twenty 

persons who saw iheniv that tbe four persons on board thatresitf/' 

nightly piquet was receiving them A merchant biig, which alsewis 

to conduct them to prison ; but it at anchor in Cawsand bar, anti 

turned out to be about twenty-five near the former, was struck <trt« 

of their companions, armed and same time, on board of wtiich n^ 

dressed in soldiers' great coats, one men were killed. A seamaii; «'^" 

of whom was dignified with a was at the raain-top-mast Bead of 

lArge staff, and, it is supposed, he the Salvador del Mnodo, in Ha- 

was the commander of the party, moaze, was also jstruck by thfi 

On Monday morning, ^ve men lightning, and knocked dowa ^ 

entered the house of £dward Or- on the deck ; and another 9t^lll^ 

ton, of Stanton, in Derbyshire, who was Ktanding on thi^i^Mftf^ 

and broke one narrow cotton deck of this vessel at tb€'iS^0^' 

frame.** was so much burned, drtifHrt^ 

About a week ago, serjeaat if despaired of. Thtiif aitt** 

curreaff^ 



CHRONICLE. 



SI 



nk pltoe fiona eleven 
clock. 

be crening of a fair at 
h^ in Ireland^ the week 
, the spirit of parly 
letween several of the 
v» styling themselves 
3D the one side, and 
on the other^ who pro- 
the utmost violence. 
> and down the streets, 
djHirsued, armed with 
aing and shouting ; af- 
be attack became more 
roUies of stones thrown 
action; an attack was 

some of the hoases, 
« of three of which 
ced, when two shots 

from one of these 
irhich a man was killed 
and another dangerons- 
• Two other men lay 

ill from bruises from 
md stones, and several 
ved like damage, — not 
. There were on both 
300 p<*op1e. 
day se'nnighc Inst, a 
k place .It Castle Con- 
illica, in the count v of 
I, between Mr. C). 
Wr. P. M'Kim, attentl- 
respective seconds, nnd 
jer of spectators, when, 
t fire, the iauer was 
be forehead, and in- 
red. 



MARCH. 

ieiture h9,^ been exhi- 
Vfi in which the cm^ie- 
ikiflgof Rome are the 
bent characters. I'he 
f tpreacu Ted as sittip<? nt 
bi nnrscty^ with a cjp 



of coffee before htm, into whicb 
be is squeezing beet-root. Near 
to him is seated the young king of 
Rome, voraciously sucldng the 
beet*root. The nurse, who is 
steadfastly observing him, is made 
to say, ** Suck, dear, sock^ your 
father suyi it is sugar.*' 

Doip^iim, '^The journal of the 
department of Coics du Nurd con- 
tains a re|x>rt from M. Le Maoux, 
professor of natural history, to the 
prefect of the department, stating 
tliat some lisherraen dE Plonbazla- 
nec lately felt in with seventy enor- 
mous dolphins, which they chased. 
One of these animals, having been 
wounded, fled towards the shore, 
and all the rest proceeded in the 
same direction. Having got a- 
gronnd, and being deprived of their 
element, they struggled several 
days, uttering mournful sounds* 
The scene /ill«i the spectators with 
pity and terror, ^mong the se- 
venty, twflve were suckmg, each 
se\'rn feet and a half long; the 
largest of the adults was a female, 
nineteen feet long, nnd her greatest 
circumference was t'ln icet. 

2. A most daring n)bbcr3' was 
com mil ted at Rcadir^. The Judges 
entered the town for the purpose 
of holding the nssize. Mr. Serjeant 
Mrirshall oihciated as Judge for 
Air. Justice Lawrence. Coming 
out of the cimrch in grand proces- 
sion, the Serjeant Judge in his 
rob<< was hustled and robbed of 
his gold watch and seals. 

When the B^tli coach, which left 
town on Monday night, March 2, 
anivcd at Chippenham on the suc- 
ceeding morning, the ptrople cfrhe 
inn were surpri«!cd at seeing three 
outsi'^.e passengers lyi:iS[ in a ^tate 
of inser)%ibilily : on a nearr-r :ip- 
proach, ihey perceived that vitality 

had 



52 



ANNUAL IlEGISTER, 1812. 



Ind h?cv. n-Marilly f.\:inct in two 
d' tlHii. tci' Minic lir/i'.*, tlic boilics 
i)cii5-', p".:i-i:i y ccilci. Tl^c; liiirJ.. 
a "i.Ji j« !", ] :i.l sjii:c- U%'.n\ sirjns ol 
riniii-ati ii Iv:'. ; h'M L-. expired th'j 
ll;ilo»vi:;g iiK.ii::!^^:. From s'»nie 
p;:jj{.vs i-jriid in Uie p;;Lk^::. ot '.;ne 
ot i:;:.;::i, \\r pr«»vc.i l*; Ik n jci::- 
nf.yir.aii p-A\ icr-.-r, irum L'^nclv.", 
vliii h'^iiie: aillu i'jd wi'.li a '.Tiitiiic- 
lio:: iii hi.; \v;-,-;.i, L.:-: (jbtaiuid an 
ord'T ibr .'ia -•.i.-ioa iiUt) tin- i»alii 
Inr.iiiia:/. :■■; the i>eiu-Jit ot" tl-.»j 
waUrs. l)u tik: abi»ve riiital nij^iit 
it raintd iiv:cF5»:r/!y ; and to the 
cold, a..; I;d to the drcnrhtd .state 
of their i;anncii:s, the fatal catas- 
tit'piio V as d.i'.ib'lc-ss owing. 

3. I'ho Noiringham paper of 
Saturday cIols not make any men- 
ti(/n of disturbances during the last 
wee!; : hnt a disjiosition to riot has 
nv.'.nilr.'.tcd itself near Hudders- 
ilc'iJ, in Yo;ksl:ire. Last Satur- 
day v.'ei?l; a nunibcr of pcraona as- 
S':n:bit\i near thv* premise. s of Mr. 
Jo.^vj'h Hint, of Mdrsli, with thtir 
filers hh'.ekc d, and their persons in 
cihcr re.-pects disguised, and hav- 
ing hsrci.ily obtained admittance 
into tl.c dn ssing-shopB, proceeded 
to dr.-trcy all the machinery uFcd 
in I hj" dreh>ij;g of cloth, such as drt.hS- 
int^ franhs,shfr.rs, and other inipio- 
nients, used in wiiat is commonly 
called criix mills, tlic whole of 
which they (on.pletelv demolish- 
ed. The same, or a similar party, 
then p.ocecileJ. to the workshops 
oJ Mr. James Balders<ni, of Cross- 
Jaiid iVl:»nr, where, machinery of a 
siuiiiar description is employed; 
upon which iijey committed simi- 
lar deprtdat:t;n.s, completely dc- 
stioyin.t; or ren'.-ring uteleis the 
whoit." 'j( the maL!;ini;ry.  The de- 
predati-^is ap^'oared to the niads- 



1 ..■ 



tr&ies to be oi au alurmn^ig a naturci 



that they were induced to ap 
■general Vyse, at Beverley, fc 
iitjry aid, who dispatched a 
}MC>s \o Leeds, with an ord 
the troop of Scotch Grc/s st 
cd there, to procctd immed 
to Iludderificld. It not 
thti;/iit rsn«»dieiit to leavo) 
wuhout miliiaryj a squadron * 
\;ilvv was marched from She: 
and arrived about nine o*cIo 
Tnesilay morning ; and, in t 
ternoon of the same day, a 
dron of the 2d Dragoon O 
stationed at the barracks 
York, was dispatched to Hue 
iield, to relieve the Scotch C 
who returned to Leeds oal 
dav. 

5. Several dead bodies 
found on the north shore, ne 
verpool, which were, of c 
supposed to have come from 
vessel which must ha ve been n 
ed during the very severe gs 
the preceding night. . By tl 
scriptionon part of the stern of 
sel which has been found, si 
pears to have been the Fly p 
from Newry to Liverpool, 
is reason to believe, from th 
information that has yet be 
ceived, that the number of p 
on board was not le^s than 
every soul of whom appe. 
have perished. .; 

I). Disturbances in the vi 
of Huddersfield continue. On 
ncsday an armed party brok 
a mill, situated between ) 
waitc and Huddersfield : afie 
had effected their porpo« 
leader drew up his men, eac 
answering to a particular n 
instead of liis name, then fi 
their pistols, and marched %i 

H). At the Isle of £^8 
on Thursday la:}£, Micbtcl W 



CHRONICLE. 



33 



a shopkeeper at Dbwnham, near 
£lr^ and a dissenting lay preacher^ 
-v^flK indicted under Lord Ellenbo* 
rough's Act, in a charge of ad- 
ministering poison to George Lang- 
ramn and to Joseph Langman» his 
brothers in-law. It appeared in 
eridencethat theLangmans resided 
together at Down ham, and were 
small 'farmers} and that their fa- 
mily consisted of themselves, a 
sister, named Sarah, abont ten 
years of age, •and a female domes- 
tic, of the name of Catharine 
Carter, who acted as tiieir hoosc- 
keeper and servant: they had aho- 
tbtr sbter vfho was married to 
the prisoner. On the morning of 
Tneday the 1 2th of March last, 
they sent their sister to the prison- 
er's house to borrow a loaf 3 the 
prisoner returned with her, and 
brought a loaf with him, and told 
the Langmans, that as he under- 
stood their housekeeper was going 
on a Tisit to her friends, for a day 
or two, he would bring them some 
flour and pork to make a pudding 
for their dinner. He went away^ 
and shortly afterwards returned 
with a bason of flour and pork; 
and, addrsssing himself to the 
housekeeper, said, *' Catharine, be 
sure you make the boys a pudding 
before you go," He then took 
the young child home with him to 
dinner. The bonsekceper made 
two puddings, but observed the 
flour would not properly adhere; 
she left them in a kneading trough ; 
and the Langmans boiled one for 
dinner: they had hardly swallowed 
two or three mouthfuls before 
tbfv were taken exceedingly ill, 
an<i seized with violent vomitings. 
Suspecting the pudding had be«n 
poisoned, one of the Langmans 
gave a small piece to a sow in the 
Vox.. UV.- 



yard, which swallowed it, aad was 
immediately taken sick, and after 
lingering a long tune, died. The 
elder brother soon recovered, but 
the younger one continued iu a 
precarious state for several days. 
The remnants of the puddings 
were analyzed by Mr. Woolastoo, 
professor of cl»emtstry at the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge, and found 
to contain a considerable quantity 
of corrosive sublimate of mcrcmy. 

The prisoner, who it appeared 
was a dealer in flour, attempted to 
account for the puddings being 
poisoned, bv stating, that he had 
then lately laid some nux vomica 
to poison vermin, and that some of 
it must accidentally have been 
carried into his flour-bin. Mr. 
Woolaston, however, positively 
stated, that the pudding contained 
no other poisonous ingredient than 
corrosive sublimate; and it came 
out in evidence, that the prisoner, 
who sold dru^, had purchased of 
the person whom he succeeded in 
business, a considerable quantity 
ef that poison, it also appeared, 
that the jSovir-bins belonging to tha 
prisoner had been sea^^, and 
that immediately upon its being 
discovered that the Langmans had 
taken poison, the prisoner emptied 
his bins into the privy, and washed 
them out. Mr. Alley, from Lon- 
don, conducted the prisoner's de- 
fence; the trial lasted till six 
o'clock at night, and the jury, 
after deliberating about ten mi- 
nutes, found the prisoner goilty, 
and the judge imgiediately passed 
sentence of death, and he is left 
for execution. By the deaths of 
tha two Langmans, under a^, tba 
prisoner's wife, and the child ho 
took home with him, would havo' 
become entitled to the. father's 

D estau> 



:J4. ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



estate, as the keircsses of their 
brothers. 

A letter from Serainpore, dated 
Marcii l^tb, gives an account ot' 
a fire which broke out in the 
prill ting-oflice, at the Mission- 
house, on the evening of tlie 11th 
of March, destroying li,OOU reams 
of English paper, worth 5,000l. 
and founts of type in fourteen Ian- 
guagesj l>esides English. The loss 
could not be less than I2,000l. 
and all the literary labimrs of the 
Missionaries were interrupted at 
once. 

Hamhur^^/i, M.:rch 12. — The 
fallowing notice has been pub- 
lished here : — 

** The undersigned, inspector of 
printing and bookselling, hastens 
to inform the public, that M. Gene- 
ral iiaron Pomniereul, counsellor 
of state, director-general of prhit- 
ing and bookselling, has authorised 
the following journals to be dis- 
patched and recfived, without any 
special permission on his part, 
tliroughout the whole of the 32d 
^lilirary Division. fHere follows 
a list of these journals, which are 
all of them German periodical pub- 
lications, on medicinci agriculture, 
natural history, &c.] In order to 
procure these journals, recourse 
may be Ind to the ditferent book- 
sellers and post-otHces in the 32d 
Military Divi.^ion, who will point 
out the forms to be observed. 

'* It is to be hoped that the edi- 
tors and authors of these journals 
will know how to appreciate this 
beneticent permission. It will be 
for xhtix intcre.u to abstain from 
every dissertation or reflection of a 
political nature. The right of 
^ publishing articles on subjects con- 
nected with politics belongs to go- 
vrrnmentfi alone, iilverv scientific 



journal, therefore, whii 
mit their insertion, \ 
liable to suppression, ir 
the prosecutions wbicl 
and author will thus 
themselves. On the 
by strictly confining 
within the sphere of 
and arts, to which th 
arc appropriated, the 
assured of the favour a 
tion of a wise governn 
protects the sciences ai 
are truly useful, and 
that contributes to imp 
(Signed) *• JOH 

Inspector o 
'' Hamlurgh^ ^lurck O'. 

1 (i. At the Lincoln a 
Fieldsend, late of Drit 
luntarily surrendered 1 
custody, on the 9th 
instant, was tried for 
killing Joseph Faulkin| 
rthofMay, 1810. Tl 
it appeared, was a yoi 
years of age, in the se 
prisoner's father. Ft 
fence, the prisoner sev 
ped the lad, who, hov 
home, ate his supper b 
made no complaint} 
night complained of 
knees, grew drowsy, 
without being suspectei 
ill, in two days, Oa 
the body, it was i^ 
bruised and discoburec 
loins and thighs; and 
opened by two aurffeoQ] 
it their opinion that 1 
from the absor^tioa intc 
of extravasated and 
blood. The jury, hoi 
the peculiar circumita 
case, acquitted the prii 
it is to be observed^ 
gone to America i buij 



CHRONICLE. 



35 



there; had retaraed, and 
1 himself up to take his 

'o St. Patrick*s-day, a riot 
X It Portsmouth bNCtween 
th Cork militia stationed 
>rc, and some watermen, 
ultt^d the soldiers. The 
, attacked the watermen, 
cured the aid of their 
len, and in a short time 
1 was thronged with corn- 
All the shops were shut 
a regiment was ordered 
ell thedisrurbance, which 
irulty they accomplished, 
11 11 one boy was killed, 
t twenty men and a boy 
, some of them danger- 
The Allowing night the 
ere patrolled by parties of 

:y sudden and fatal ac- 
ocorred en Sunday se*n- 
: the distillery of Messrs. 
and Co. on the water- 
Cork. The iron huops 
rworm cooler, whicli 
nearly sixty thousand 
if water, suddenly burst, 
vait body, wliich in a mo- 
ame unconfined, impetu- 
Mread and overwiielmed 
ing which presented any 
e to it. A wall which 
tbediately between this 
iiel and the street, was 
cm its position, and two 
vhowere passing, killed, 
lo dreadfully bruised a<$ to 
Mr-anputation of both legs 
rfo preserve life, 
imoni Lennie,of (he File- 
Rua, was found at seven 
M thSa morning, on the 
iaen Stonebaven and Ber- 
If ODvered with snow, and 
i aloract azpended. He 



had been left in Aberdeen on Wed- 
nesday, in charge of the Barracks, 
to deliver them over to the 21st 
rei^iment $ and set out, with some 
of his comrades, at four o*clock in 
the at'tcrnoon, fur Stonehaven, 
which he reached about eight • 
He suon after left that place alone^ 
and as he had only got to the dis- 
tance of three miles from it, he 
must have remained among the 
snow for upwards of nine hours, 
during a very intense frost. Un- 
der an unremitting application of 
the means for restoring suspended 
animation, he continuei in insen- 
sibUity until five in the afternoon. 
When first discovered, be was 
taken to Uras, where he recovered. 
He had no recollection of any thing 
after leaving Aberdeen, when, he 
said, he was excessively fatigued. 
It is probable, that the covering of 
snow protected him considerably 
from the effects of the frost, other- 
wise he must have falleu a victiia 
to the cold. 

MaiJsionCf March 20. — The 
following instance of passsionate 
cruelty deserves record. 

Thomas Burton, a farmer at 
Kingsnorth, near Ashford, was in* 
dieted for the murder of John 
Manley, a dmmmer-boy of the 
73d Kegiment. It appeared, that 
the deceased, with four others^ 
went from Ashford, to gather wild 
plums on tlie hedges, on the 5th 
of September last. They tres- 
passed in the prisoner* s orchard, at 
Kingsnorth ; and while there, the 
prisoner and his tnan came up. 
The soldier lads, on seeing them* 
endeavoured to make their escape, 
but the prisoner overtook the de- 
ceased as he was getting over a 
fence, and gave him a violent blo^ 
on the head with a stake which he 

D S4 held 



56 



ANNUAL REGISTEK, 1815 



held in hi» hand, which the wit- 
nesses for ihe prosecution described 
as thick as their arm. The blow 
knocked the deceased down^ but 
ho. got up on his knees and begged 
for mt-rcy. The prisoner then 
gave him another stroke on the 
trciist, Tlie deceased got up, 
walked a little war. and fell down 
again ; he was removed to some 
straw neiir, and the prisoner seeing 
he was badiv hurt, sent imme- 
dijtcy for a surgeon, but before 
the surgeon came he was dead. 
It appeared, on cxaniinatiun, that 
tliere was a fr.icture in the skull, 
and a great efl'iiiiicn of blood on the 
brain, but that the skull was so 
rtmarkahiy thin, that a b^ow not 
very violent would probably have 
caused the fracture. The jury 
found the prisoner guilty of man- 
slaughter. He was hncd a shilling, 
and discharged. 

At the Stal^brd assizes, B. My- 
cock was tried for the murder of 
his brother^ on the 10th of Febru- 
ary. It \i'as proved that he lived 
with the deceased more than two 
years, and on some difference be- 
tween thero, left his service at 
Chrifttmas last, and from that pe- 
ri(xl to the time of the murder, 
lived with Mr. Harris, at Thro wley- 
hall, within a mile of the deceased's 
premises; and that on the morning 
after the murder, he came into the 
house, clasped his hands, and ck- 
claimed — " Ah, mistress, what is 
amiss; what is amiss ^ — is he dead?** 
It was farther proved that the pri- 
soner had a gun repaired about the 
latter end of December last ; that it 
was borrowed on tlie 10th oi' Feb- 
ruary by his nephewr, G. Butt; to 
shoot a hare, and returned on the 
enme day, loaded with shot. No. 4. 
Jt was pliced by the prisoner ondor 



some straw. On t1 
February, G. Butt am 
on hearing of his ur 
death, went to look 
which was found undi 
unloaded^ and had e 
ance of being recenth 
It was further prove 
prisoner told bis neph 
to state at the inquest, 
was his. After ten . 
liberation, the jury fi 
soner— Guilty* He \ 
on Wednesday, and 
livered for dissection. 
Bury Si. EJmundst , 
Trials for murder, Yx 
Edward Thrower, wai 
the murder of £liz, 
Crattieid, Suftblk, oi 
October, 1/93. This 
brought to justice by : 
cidents. He confeiSie< 
to one Heads soon 
committed; but Heai 
to his statement, ki 
so much given to sp 
hoods that he disbc 
The murder is just «ii 
of the Marr and Willi 
lies. The prisoner we 
knocked out the bn 
Carter, as she was \ 
window shutter, and 1 
into the house and k 
ther in a similar mi 
the old man was si 
arm chair. Someyt 
Heads, who had i 
heard from any one 
soner that a norder 
had been committed^ 
ther felon in Norwicli 
ing that be had alwi 
pected of that mufde 
and Heads recolkcto 
sion the prisoner bad 
several years agOj of w 



CHRONICLE. 



37 



roos before two magistrates, 
years since, but I'h rower, 
loiier, was nerer heard of, 
jposed to be dead. At the 
P the general alarm at the 
DKirders of the Marr and 
naon fatnilies, Mr. Arch- 
CMderdhaw, a magistrate, 
serving to Mr. Fox, in com- 
Miversaiion, that a murder 
llof those, occurred at Crat- 
^yoars ago; and in mention- 
I taking the deposition of 
, ha observed Thrower was 
tod« but he never was found. 
ilr. FoK had a legacy to pay 
er's wife, which coiy|iH|M 
18 without her hnsfaSfid's 
re, and through this inci- 
be prisoner was taken into 
f, as well as Heads, both of 
bad been transported. 
da, in his^ evidence, told the 
ifOty be' had done eleven 
go, of the prisoner*s confes- 
Hsd a person proved having 
I female shriek on the night 
blurder, and that he saw a 
lin from the house. The 
of the yonng woman was 
to have been found in the 
( which corroborated Head's 
>> There being other strong 
■tanstSal evidence, the pri- 
lls fbund— Guilty, and or- 
bt execution on Monday at 
kjaiid afterwards his body 

i^iaiith, aged Sg, and £liza- 
ilininfe, aged 27, were in- 
>te the wilful murder of 
iliik'Smith, daughter of the 
kinder, at Cooklcy, in the 
(M guffolk, by starving, 
^ iftd exposing her three 
mm ivighis in a shed, in the 
^if Oboember last, by which 
Ifbaaame moriiticd, £(c. 

A  



It appeared in evidence, that the 
male prisoner had three children 
by a former wife, who died about 
three years ago, and he married ^ 
the female prisoner on the 8th of 
last November ; and that from the 
10th of December until the 1 1th 
of February, Iti 1 2, when the eldest 
of the three children, the subject 
of this indictment, dird, the tor- 
tures administered to them were 
too horrible even for description. 

Previous to his marri:ige with 
the Icmnle prisoner, the three 
children were admired by every 
one for their cleanliness and 
healthy appearance, and the male 
prisoner was marked for his pa* 
rental kindness and aiiection to- 
wards his offspring. 

Lucy Smith, sister of the male 
prisoner, proved that on the 4th of 
February, the male prisoner called 
on her in tears, and said his eldest 
child was dying. Witness found 
two of the once-healthy children 
sitting by the fire in a state so 
completely emaciated, that they 
ap])eared indifferent to any objects. 
On going up stairs a shocking ob- 
ject presented itself in the person 
of the eldest child, in bed, who 
was unable to stir from her emaci* 
ated state, and she was the picture 
of death. The poor child called 
out " Aunt, aunt, don't leave me.** 
Witness challenged them with 
starving the children, and they 
agreed that they had not much 
drink. It also appeared afterwards 
tiiat tht child's feet were in a 
state of mortification, fioni having 
been exposed three nights in an 
outhouse, by the unnatural father. 
She was also much bniisrd almut 
the neck and Ijody by beatings j 
and her fatlier confessed having 
hung her up to a beam by the mid- 
dle", 



ss 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



dle^ without cause. The other 
two chiidfen were in a shocking^ 
emaciated state^ and the witness 
look them under her roof. 

Mrs. Clark proved completely 
that the children were all in a 
state of starration. She often car- 
lied them cake and a littie wine, 
which they all ravenoasly de* 
TOured. 

Three surgeons gave it as their 
opinion, that the child died from 
the eiiecis ci barbarous treatn)ent 
and want of food. 

No disclosure of the mortified 
feet was made until it was found 
the child could not be saved j and 
<me witness stated that the female 
prisoner had said they could live 
better without the children. To 
enter into a minute deacription of 
the barbarities towards the chil- 
dren would fill a volume. They 
were of the agea of four, seven, 
and nine years. The male prisoner 
was universally allowed to have 
teen a kind tender fiither and bus* 
band, until his aecond marriage, 
and to such extent that he was 
particularly noted by many coun- 
try gentlemen, .«oroe of whom 
<spoke on this occasion. 

The prisoners were found guil- 
ty, and ordered for execution at 
Ipswich on Monday next, whi- 
ther they were immediately con- 
veyed. 

At the Wexford Assizes, last 
week^ Luke Green was convicted 
of the wilful murder of bis son ; 
the prisoner w.ns a swet^, and his 
son was his apprentice. The pri- 
soner, on the .3d of December, 
came home someu'hat in liquor, 
and began quarrelling with the 
deceased: the child to avoid his 
fiiry rau up the chimney, the pri- 
aouer immediately put » bundle 



of sh^w into the grate, and sctfc 
to it, which burned bkn ia stidi a 
manner that he languished iiir 
nine days, and then di^. PHsoiKr 
was between sixty and scvcntjr 
years of age. 

E^nhurgh, March 23. — Tm/ 
if Hugh M'Int9sh, Ntii Sutherhni, 
and Hugh M'Donafd, — The pi- 
soners were accused, at th^instaDce 
of his Majesty's advocate, of having 
committed various crimes, bttwecn 
the hours of ten of the night of Ac 
3 1 St of December, 1811, and tecr 
of the raorhing of tbc 1st of Jaiffi* 
ary, 1812. 

The evidence, whirh was Tcry 
long, disclosed a history of tbe 
outrages of the night preccdiaj 
New Year's Day. 

The court met again at two 
o'clock on Saturday, when tbc 
jury returned their verdict, aU in 
one voice finding the panad, 
Hugh M'Intosh, guilty, actor cr 
art and part, of tbc murder d 
Dugald Campbell, as libdlrd,* and 
all in one voice finding the pan- 
nels, Hugh M'Donald, Ho^ 
M*Int08b, and Neil SutfcerlaiwJ, 
guilty, actors or art and part, d 
robbing Ensign Humphrey Coch- 
rane of his sliver watch, as Jibcltedj 
and further finding, all in one 
voice, the said pannels, Htigh 
M 'Donald, Hugh M^Intodi, m 
Neil Sutherland, guilty, acfdrt or 
art and part, of robbing Nicol Al- 
lan of bis yellow iTietal huntinj 
watch, aft libelled. 

Their Lordships, in delivwing 
their opinion^}, expressed in stroflf 
terms, the horror they ^t at die 
extent of the guik and dcpnwij 
which the evidence on thb ffW 
nnfolded— at the existence ef «o 
aasociatton of such a n^we, i^ 
for such t length of time, a« tiitt 

of 



CHRONICLE. 



S9 



A the prisoners had been 
Co be mrmbers, and which 
(together unparallHed in 
! or oountry. Tht^y were 
d to be hanged on the 
t. 

londay thr 23d^ nt mid- 
bout 40 men, numbers of 
mficd wieh |)i;?tols and 
apons, entrred the shear- 
3f WilUani Thompson and 
nt R^wdcn^ about seven 
>m Leeds. Six or seven 
men J principally armed, 
B watchman^ and held him 
oor. The commander or- 
3se who were not engaged 
ervice, to "go to work/' 
f proceeded to dest my 
rs, ot wliich they broke 
•ty to forty pairs, and ma - 
injured the machinery. 
en assembiH on an ad- 
nraiiience, and after an- 
u> their numbers, dis{jersed 
This proceeding was 
id in about twenty mi- 
ll the courFe of which the 
on destroyed thirty -six 
, and injured three pieces 
woollen cloth. And on 
Say night the finishing 
Messrs. Dickenson, Carr, 
inn, were entered, and 
pieces of fine cloth, 
by machinery, torn and 
shreds. 

^tkquale in South Amc- 
'« The 20th of March has 
lay of woe and horror to 
idcc of Vmezurla. At 
n. I he city of Caraccas 
«ll its splendour : a few 
later 4500 hou«rs, \i) 
^and convents, togcMicr 
Ike other public buildings, 
Bl^j &c. were crushed to 
r ittraiiddcn shock of an 



earthquake, which did not last a 
minute, and ^buried thousands of 
the deroted inhabitants in ruins 
and d 'isolation. 

" That day happened to be holy 
Thursday ; and at the precise hour 
every ]>lace of worship was crowded 
to a)mmemorate the commence- 
ment of our Saviour's passion by 
public procession, which was to 
proceed through the streets a few 
minutes afterwards. The number 
of hiplevi sutTcrrrs was thus aug- 
mented to an incredible amount, 
ns every church was levelled with 
the ground before any person 
could be aware of danger. The 
number of sufferers taken out of 
the churches (two days after this 
disaster,) amounted alone to up* 
wards of 300 corpses. AtAdea of 
the extent of the number of dead 
is differently stated, from 4 to (>, 
and as tar as 8,000. Horrible as 
this catastrophe appears, it would 
be a matter of some consolation to 
know that the vicinity of that 
city offered some support or shelter 
to the surviving mourners; but 
the next town and seaport thereto, 
viz La Guayra, has in proportion 
suffered still more, as well as its 
immediate coast. Huge masses of 
the mountains detached them- 
.selves from the summits, and 
hurled down into the vallies. Deep 
clefts and separations of the im- 
mense bed ot rocks still threaten 
future di>3stfrs to, the hapless sur- 
vivors who are now occupied in 
buryins: and burning the dead, and 
in relieving the numerous wounded 
and cripples perishing for want of 
surgical aid, shelter, and other 
comforts." 

The subjoined letters from Ca- 
racc?as, and I.a Guayra, its port, 
afford some interesting particulars 

with 



4b ANNUAL HEGISTER, 1812. 

Vidi regard to thif terrible ecm^ tnj odtulfry. On Hke 26ik «k. 

Tolsion of nature, which seems whilst on boards I heoffd a QMd 

almost to have rrvalled the earth- dreadful report of an eartfaqnaka: 

quake that laid Lisbon in ruins it lastedas nearly as laypecollcctkB 

ipore than half a century ago. will serve^ about two mtouiea. I 

£xtract of a letter from Tho- soon learnt that the town a£ta, 

Mas Molini, £sq. dated Caraccat, Goayra was laid in natna^ gaud that 

March 29^ 1812, ^o his brother, in numbers of the inhabitants woe 

London :-«-'' The dreadful catas- killed and boried in them. Tk 

trophe that took place in this city city of Caraccas, I understand, has 

* on Thursday last, my pen is not experienced a still worse fktty mi 

able todescdbe; you mtiII, without has been totallr abandoned bf tkt 

doubt, receive the dreadful details unfortunate inhabitaRta. Tbe ra^ 

from other quarters. and mountains were rant ttaonder; 

'' My only motive for writing, and it k iroposstble for -pea to d^ 

15 to allay your apprehensions rela- scribe the devastation oocaskKBi 

tive to my person, and I hope you by this horrible exfrfosido. Tbe 

will receive this letter as soon as cargo which I was to have tafea 

the shocking account reaches £ng* on board has shared tli# fiM^^of 

laiid. nearly all the gooda^ in the ikj, 

" dR the day above mentioned, and has been swallowed np in ^ 

it aboujtseiren minutes past four in general ruin. When thie afaod 

the aftempon, we experienced one was hrst felt on board, epevy ]K^ 

of tne most dreadful earthquakes son was impressed xniih tlie liBdmg 

you can imagine. In less than that the ship was beating to pioen 



three minutes one quarter of the on the rocks. On my ^^xa^'aB 
town was laid io ruins, and the re* shore, the most awfol and 



maining three-fourths of the houses ing scene presented itself j hundlb^ 

tendered totally uninhabitable, of the suffbring inhabitants wee 

The number pf lives lost is net yet seen mixed with heaps of niios, 

SM^^ertsined, but the most moderate and many 6f tbcm ^M 3ret alive 

accounts estimate it at 5000 souls, with their heads out, ii 



, "^ Similar accoun iS have reached assistance from their MlowcomDi^ 

us from La (ruayra, and variotss who, instead of afl^dingthMaaid, 

other quar^rs *. what is the extent were throwing themsetves^iwcate 

of the evil in the interior we do not beforeimages, beating tfeeirbitairti, 

ye^'kno\^. I fear the calamity has and imploring for tb<emselv«t tbe 

been general throughout the con- protection of their teinta. '^Wben 

tinent.*' the alarm had In som^ d«g>ittaaQh- 

_ ^ p. S. General Miranda is well, sided, the bodies of tbildead«aft 

.and was out of town when the sought for; 1 regret I hav^oot 

dreadful pvept {happened.'* been able to ascertain the-eaaentof 

Extract of a letter from Captain the loss which thia hat d^s s titj p his 

(CtKjjbett, of th^ ship Highlander, sustained." \ • 

dated La Guayra, April ], 1612 : An accottat of the total atlae of 

'* ^nce my arrival here, one of the forged notes pF^lfttiiadai die 

the greatest calamities has occurred Bank of Eogbfed fty' yyHea l, 

at this place that ev^ happened in and rafu^, from bdng iw gwt 

• - . for 



CHRONICLE. « 

tai iht daven jean fn»Q lit Jaoa- vere in search of jeterten, A 

sry, ISOI, to 31st December, short umc after two men came out 

ifij.1 :r— of the back door, and the revenae 

The nominal value of the forged ofGcers sospeelirg they were two 

notes, .preteoted for paymeot, and FceQcbmeo, secured tbcm., Ado- 

refuted^ wilbia the above-mea- tber came out directly arierwardi, 

tiooed period, U 101,661/. vihora the wldiers stt^pcd; lie 

H. Hase, Chief Cashier. alsowasaFTCnchman. Theywere 

Benkof EaglaDd.March 36, 1&12. coqv eyed away in custody. Thit 

M.B. Tbeabove return includes was a mere chance detection, as 

jdl forged notei, supposed to have the two men vhom the reveono 

be^O- fabricated ou the Contineut, officers had seen at cards In the 

. and preseuted within the aforesaid public house rzrly in (he evening, 

period. . proved not Frenclimeaj but trades- , 

.. 28. Fres^i Friionerj.—Vpv^Tis men of the neighbourhood j atid 

of lOOO Fivucb prisoners have white the officers were gone to the 

escaped from this country during magistrate and after the military^ 

the war, and bo many persons have a cart such as we hare described 

lately been detected in assisting in arrived at the house wiib four' 

their escape, that those concerned Frenchmen, llie fourth man, who 

have bad a vehicle made for tlie was some time in coming OQt adtf 

. conveyance of Frenchmen to avoid the otbei 

- suspicion or detection, exactly re- don roai 

semblii^ a covered cart used by cart bad 

oaltoo-piinten with suong doors at but the < 

each end, but with seats in the sidcrabk 

ioside to bold a number of men. had onl; 

Ooe ftf tfaemwas detected about a time, tit 

. week since in a very extraordinary that be 

\ray. Some revenue officers went Webb, 

into a public-boute near Canter- being ai 

bmyt where two men were play- Frenchn 

log at cards whom they suspected brought 

to be Frencbmeo on th^ir way to made.ai 

escape from this country. They driver a 

Ctttnmnnicated this to a magistrate, taken into custody ; they were cxa- 

who Informed tltem that at that mined before a magistrate, when it 

• bouT of the night (about eight appeared, from the con lY:ssi6n of tho 

- o'clock) tbo constable w^ gene- driver. Sec, that the four French- 

' -Eolty iotoxicatcd, and it would be men were officers, who had broke 

' . of i)D use applying to him ; but their parole from Ashby>de>la- 

. .sdivised tbeni to procure the assist- Zouch. The cart bad been fitted 

'. < iBikCe of some of the military in the np 'with a seat to hold a number of. 

neighbourhood, which the officers Frenchmen. He was employed 

,i|ccordiflgV did, aad surrounded by IVIr. Webb to drive the cart. 

' th4 bouse. The landlord refusefl The Frenchmen only got out of the 

  ifea<tpen the door, tayitig it was too cart at night lo avoid observatioi]. 

- jlaCc. The loldiers told him they They stopped at bye places, and 

(nade 



■--,K s> 



42 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



mar^c firfs iindrr liedges. At a 
placr. near iJrc-nttnrJ, a woman 
connected with \\*( bb made ica 
fur them. Thty slcppcfi on J]tck- 
^nham Common ti) rest the hory, 
a^wut ten o'clock at night; when 
a horse patroir passing at the tim**, 
siKpccicd somclhins; to be wroiit;, 
bni conld nnt ascertain what. Hf? 
insisted nn the diiv r mnvini^ otl*; 
and when he was ai^out putt in 4 (he 
h')\AC into tht^ < irt. an accident 
IjMppcned V. ;jich nr^irly M to their 
discovery. The bVcnchnien all 
beir.:j at tlir* hiuk of" tlie cart, the 
driver lo>t the hnl;:ncc. when 
lie was putting in the 1. >r>-e, and 
the cart fell b;ulw\v;ird^, whicii 
caused the rV^'nchinen to MTcam 
violently; bar it is suppoicil ihe 
priirole had crone too far to hear 
the noise. Webb was ipprchend- 
cd, and rxainintrl before a ma^is- 
trate in Rent, br.t lie di charged 
hitti. However, afr^'rward^, the 
nncji«itratft meetin;; v.ilh WVhb i!i 
Maidstone, where he was attend- 
ing the a<;«»i/.e on a simii ;r li.urge, 
he took him into cMr.rody. 

2.9. T^c I'^tc Dfni'ii^ir Cou9/*c'.s 
StaTi/t^fe, — Mcr 1 3 J y s li i p\s v. i ! ] , 
winch h'.v- been provei! in Di * tors* 
Commons, is in th'.'hc words, 
viz.— 

•*Ovend?n, Jtlh ]Vo. j<<Oj. 

" This is the hi.t will and u sta- 
men t of me, Gri-^cl l)owag«r 
Countess St an hone, written with 
my own hand. After payment of 
all my lawful d'*bt5, I give and be- 
<]urath all I am yo-sessod of at my 
death to my dearly b'^lovrd son, 
Charles Karl Stanhope, from my 
approbation of his private and 
ptibhc cond»tci : :cid I appoint inm 
my exTiitor. I f F die at ( )vendcn, 
I wish to be veiy prii'atcly bnricd 



in the family vault ift Chevenin^ 
church. 

*' Witness my hand, thiselereolfr 
day of I'ebriiary, in the year of 
o'.ir T^rd one thousand eight htm- 
drcd and five." 

*' G. STAKHOnL 

There are two codicils to the 
will, both dated in the year 1808» 
the first of which contains tbeftl- 
lowing clause, namely, 

" I, Grisel, Countess Dowager 
Stanhope, having written, in tof 
own hand, on several books whidi 
I have c:iven to mv dear son. tbe 
words, * Tor Chevening Libnty/ 
I do hereby will an<' desire thatiA 
s;u Ii books shall belong to niy Slid 
son f)nly, a> 1 am much disf^ilibficd 
with the conduct of my grandson, 
rhijip Henry (Lord Mahnij with 
^c^pe'Jt tu my most honest, nxst 
worthy, and itrost dearly belord 
husband." 

By this, and the second codidj 
.sundry legacies are left to scrcn! 
o{' her la-iyshij-'.s servants, to to 
s. :''s steward, and to the poor of 
Chevening village, who have l^ 
.•i-ltd there twenty years or up- 
wards. 

Amongst her ladyship's papen, 
a remarkable manuscript, wnttai 
in her own hand» was Iboodf 
whicli contains the following pnf^ 
er to the Almighty, compmed bf  
her husband, the late Philip Enl 
S»'<nhope, which exhibits notofllf 
a t( ligious zeal the most frrrcoc; 
but al'^o a high degree of subliflBC 
patriotic devotion. 

Copy of my dear Iord*a prayed 
from the original in his own btirf' 
writing: — 

'*0 Almighty and everlaiHi^ 
God, the all-wise and all-righieon 
Tulcr of mnnkindj voudusfe.M^ 



CHRONICLE. 



A9 



grantthe prayer of thine unworthy 
servant, that, if in the course of 
thine inscrutable and adorable pro- 
vidence, I can contribute, even by 
the sacrifice of my life, or fortune^ 
or character, to ihe preservation of 
thy nfatlve country, from those heavy 
calamities and distresses which to 
us short-sighted creatures have ap- 
peared impending over it (and 
■wherewith at this time our enemies 
threaten us), as also to the refor- 
mation of manners, and the ad- 
vancement of gen nine undissembled 
tirtue, by means whereof thy gra- 
cious favour may be regained, and 
public peace and happiness pro- 
cured, I may always in that case 
pe willing, and, Y^hen strength* 
ened by thydivineassistance,ablc,to 
surrender, for those desirable ends, 
every blessing and comfort of life, 
and life itself, into thy most boun- 
tiful hands, from whom I have re- 
ceived them all.** 

30. The Derby assizes were at- 
tended by great crowds of per- 
sons. One of the most dangerous 
fangs of nightly de<»prcdators that 
as infcfsted England for roan- 
years has been broken up. They 
were formed by one John England, 
who resided at a little stoue-house, 
the first on the right hand on en- 
tering Derby, from Nottingham. 
This gang was wholly made up of 
deserters, with the exception of 
England, who, as a brewer, la- 
bourer, and petty huckster, used 
every art for the purpose of finding 
a cover for the rest. He never 
went out himself with his com- 
rades to plunder, but always point- 
ed out the object ; and his concu- 
bine (wife of one Matthew Bush, 
of Wessington, who was principal 
witness against one of the depre- 
. dators on these trials, and who was 



attempted to be seized as a deser- 
ter as he entered the hall,) pro- 
vided them with caps, masks, and 
other things necessary for disguise. 
He used to have a share of the 
plunder j but at length he out- 
witted himself. Three of these 
depredators, James Tomlinson, 
Perceval Cook, and John England, 
were put to the bar, charged with 
entering a dwelling-housr, at mid- 
night, on the 23d of December, , 
and robbing Mr. HunJ, at Oc- 
brock Mill, of thirty-five one- 
pound notes, and several other 
articles. The prisoners were found 
guilty. Cook and Tomlinson were 
then convicted on another indict- 
ment, of the robbery of the house 
of Mr. Brentnc^l, at Lock-grange. 

31. Wyatt, of Fowey, 

was tried at Launceston Assizes, 
for the murder and robbery of 
Isaiah Falk Valentine. The pri- 
soner kept a public-house in Dock, 
called the Jolly Bacchus, from 
whence he removed in November 
last to the Rose and C^o^^'n, at 
Fowey. The deceased, a person 
of the Jewish persuasion, was in 
habits of intimacy with the pri- 
soner. About the l6th of Np- 
vember, two letters were addressed 
to Valentine (then in Dock) by 
the prisoner, desiring him to come 
down to Fowey, where he (tlic 
prisoner) had some buttons, or 
guineas, to dispose of. Relying 
•h this statement, Valentine ac- 
cordingly went down on the Ipth 
of the same month ; but on hts ar- 
rival, instead of introducing Va- 
lentine, as he had proposed, to 
the persons whom he had stated as 
dealing in coin, the prisoner con- , 
trived to amuf?e and deceive him, 
in various ways, until Monday 
evening, the 25th of November, 

when. 



44 ANNUAL REGISTER, 181 



when, under the pretence of taking 
him (Valentine) to Caplaia Best, 
he }r*d him to a place or quay call- 
ed tlie Broad Slip, in Fowey, and 
pushed him into the water, where 
he first suflFocatcd, and then rohbed 
hin: oi'260l., which he afterwards 
drposited in a heap of dung on his 
own premises. No doubt whatever 
could be entertained of the pri- 
soners gulls from a long hut strong 
train of circumstantial evidence ; 
and aftera trial of eleven hours* con- 
tinuance, on Thursday last, he was 
found guilty of ielony and murder, 
and sentenced to be hung at Lauii- 
ceston. 

On Saturday morning last, 
Roon after eight o'clock, Julien 
Dubois and Guillaumc Brury were 
taken from Winchester gaol to the 
usual place of ext^cution, and after 
«)tfte time spent in prayer, were 
launched into eternity. On the 
morning of the execution, the 
c'tHcers of the prison went to their 
cr:lls soon after five o'clock, and 
found the prisoners in a lifeless 
state, and the floor covered with 
blood. The surgeon of the prison 
was immediately sent for, the effu- 
sion of blood stopped, and them- 
selves suiBciently recovered to at- 
t«*nd the exhortations of the priest, 
who represented to them the great 
sill they had committed in attempt- 
ing their own lives; and tiiey ex- 
pressed their contrition for it. They 
eiFccled tiieir purpose by means 
of a short piece of glass, with 
which thoy made an incision in 
th^ir arms, and enlarged the orifice 
with an old rusty nail, sharpened, 
which they had concealed about 
their wooden shoes. They bad 
expressed a wish to be shot instead 
of Jbangedj as a death more agree- 
able .to a fiddler i but being in- 



formed that could not 
they appeared rengnei 
considering that he sb 
tually destroy bimsdf, 
written paper in his roc 
that when a valiant i 
was sentenced to die b; 
mon executioner, rathi 
grace himself, his fami 
country, by such an i| 
end, he preferred dying 
hands. At the place ai 
and on receiWng sentenc 
Beury exclaimed, fVtri 
After their bodies hac 
usual time, they werr t 
and buried in the Catt 
ground. 



APRIL. 

Kings/on, jipril 1.— ^. 
Thomas Lee, and Elean 
were indicted for a hii 
bcry, by stopping Elii 
Her on the 21st of O 
and forcibly taking fro 
clothes, pockets, monc 

The prisoners were \h 
and the case excited a c 
degree of interest, on 
the cruel manner in 
prosecutrix had been tr 

Elizabeth Collier, w, 
was in a very languid 
tated state, fnxn .tiie y 
had received. Sheg 
she lived, in October It 
ham, in this cou|2ty«^i 
Giles. On the moriii 
21st of Octobex, ibe-i 
Walton, by bier miatiBi 
her return borne jtfae mi 
prisoners. Tfaewoln^^ 
her if »he would htatfy 
told— -«he ippliedi;iii|r 
faerfortunp verjTT^rd)! 



CHRONICLE. 



45 



prisoner, Thomas Ja:c, 
1 h&r, and ciugbt her by 
I arm round her neck, 
came up, and thcydrag- 
nrards the park paling of 
rederick's park. While 
vere dragging her, the 
:ked her several times, 
loosened a paling from 
nd dragged her through 
tre into the old park, 
abused her very much, 
g her violently. She 
ly ; and as she recover- 
md that they had strip- 
r gown, pockets, petti- 
leh her almost naked, 
a noise, but they were 
and they told her if she 
more noise they would 
r. She then described 
f the persons of all the 
e said that Thomas Lee, 
gipsy, had more hair 
era. They were taken 
ay, and she recognized 
i, except that the whis- 
[lionias Lee had been 

mtoess proved that she 
! same pUiee shortly be- 
ibe saw the three pri- 
if the spot, which the 
L had described as the 
le robbery. 

m •fiicer, stated, that 
mai I^e was taken in 
Im appeared as if his 
laid been lately cut oiT, 
It of bis cheek seemed 
Aef in colour than the 
sfiM« Bui with respect 
Mt^ be did not tnke him 
ly^'tat took his word 
jpeaaooe at the etiice. 
mt did appear on the 
flc girl not being there 
a identify him, he was 



again let go at large, on a promise 
to appear on the following Wed* 
nesday, which he did, and appear* 
ed to answer the charge. 

This was all the evidence on the 
part of the prosecution, the ca^e 
re* ting on the correctness of the 
prosecutrix as to the identity of llie 
prisoners. 

For the prisoners an alili wsis 
set up, to support which a great 
number of witnesses were called ^ 
the general outline of which wa8, 
that Thomas Lee and bis wife were 
in their hut, at Brixton Causeway, 
on the day of the robbery, and lor 
several days preceding. Some of 
the witnesses had not seen them so 
near the time as to be inconsistent 
with the fact of tlieir having been 
to the distance of 12 nnles, the 
place of the robbery -, but others 
spoke with more certainty as to 
seeing them at near nine o'clock, 
the time of the robber}'. 

Several witnesses also said thej 
saw no alteration in the appearance 
of Thomas Lee's face, nor did it 
appear to them that he had cut oft' 
any whiskers or hair. 

With respect to Adam Lee, 
some witnesses stated, that they 
saw him near lour on the day ; but, 
on cross-examination, they did not 
seem to have fixed the day by any 
certain referenc.'c. 

The learned judge told the jnry, 
thnt this was a case of great nicety, 
and begged their particular atten- 
tion to the evidence, observing, 
that it merely depended on the 
credit they should give to the pro- 
secutrix. He then detailed the 
whole, most minutely observing 
upon the bearing of every part of 
it ; and said, it was for them to 
determine between the contradia* 
tory testimony. 



46 ANNUAL REGISTER, 18I«. 



Tlie jury found the prisoners all 
guilty. 

A garJcncr at Glasgow prac- 
ti>Ci a mode of destroying caicr- 
pillars, wiiich he discoverod by ac- 
civicnt. A piece of woi/Ilen ra^ 
liad been blown by ihe wind into 
a currant bii^ih ; and when taken 
out was found covered by the Icif- 
licvouring insects. He immrdi- 
atcly placed pieces of woollen 
cloth in every bush in his garden, 
and found next dav th:]t the cater- 
pillars had universally taken to 
ihem for .shelter. In this way hr; 
destroys niany thousands every 
morn i Hi;. 

-1. 0\\ this morning, between 
three and four o'clock, the Xewry 
fly coach was stopped by a strong 
band of robbers, who, without 
any intimation, fired intothe coach, 
but without injuring any of the 
passengers. They proceeded to 
hand out those in the coa('h, one 
by one, and with the most dread- 
ful imprecations, made them deli- 
ver up all they possessed. There 
were two ladies, Mrs. Hamilton 
and dau^iter, whom the robbers 
obliged \Ki kneel down in the road, 
declarin[; they would shoot them 
instantly : one of the gang, how- 
ever, interfered, and even declared 
he would not allow their baggage 
to be touched. However, the 
captain of the banditti ordered 
every thin«r to be carried off. 
Money, watches,* trinkets, clothes, 
every particle was plundered. The 
Rev. Mr.Bcresford was in the coacb^ 
and is Haid to hive lost 'iOOl.; ano- 
ther gentleman lost 6(X)1. and it is 
thought that the villains carried off 
with them, altogether, more than 
2000I in cash and property. 

Accounts from Carlisle state, 
that on Saturday strong symptoms 



of insubordination were m; 
by the lower orders of thi 
but no serious mischief 
On Monday the popiilaa 
amount of about 3000, 
Sand>tield (Port Carlisle), 
intention oi unshipping fle>' 
goes of corn and potato 
were destined to go coastw 
before they had accompli si 
purpose, they were checke 
arrival of the military an< 
magistrates. The popul 
peared perfectly satisfied 
assurances of the magistra 
are baid to have promisee 
every exertion to prevei 
stalling. All terminated (j 
Sandsfield, except that 
the m.igisirates and offio 
assailed in the suburbs on 
turn, by women and boy 
few stones. The soldie 
marched up to the markt 
and followed by an imme 
course of people ; many, r 
attracted by curiosity, 
the ofHccrs were hissed an 
flt An their retiring^ wl 
suddenly wheeled^ dxei 
swords, and ran to their o 
were still under arms, aw 
them to clear away tlic \ 
by which many were n 
The mob, as if mocnenti 
palled, did not further inc 
them, and the officere 
mess, leaving the soldie 
arms. After the lapse c 
minutes, the populaco c 
in great numbers before t 
room, broke the windo 
threatened vengeance to 
ccrs. On thiv the Riot 
read. Some rounds, it'j 
Mccre afterwards fired, fay 
woman was killed, and 
men wounded; and mbs 



CHRONICLE. 



47 



a the market-place exlii- 
ae mark of the firing. 
Lunday last, a passenger 
e*coacbj which runs daily 
ichester to Brighton^ was 
near Shorehan), with a 
St of insanity, and bit a 
I was in the coacli with him 
t ftliocking manner, al>uiit 
and anus. Tlic coach- 
outside passengers, licar- 
ficreams, got down, and 
ich diHiculty rescured her 
jaws cf the luaniac. Two 
:d then got in the inside, 
uning his arms, prevented 
Q doing further mischief. 
arrival of the coacli in 
I, he was lodged in the 



le much-talked-of baron 
I who has for a year or two 
de so conspicuous a figure 
BCtropolis, is, at last, or- 
U of the country. This 

ptrsoD ushered himself 
lie notice in London, by 
ig a most inflated and 
lalctter^ which he dedicat- 
i earl of Moira ; in which 
ibedhimselt as an Hun- 
mron, who had bended a 
volunteers In the cause of 
against Bonaparte ; and. 
Iitt after the peace he went 
» to give the benefit of his 

and profound military 
Qtt tothe oppressed patriots 
yunsttla. , He accompanied 
factum with every other 
1. obtaining notoriety, — 
iiUsig print-shop windows 
P|B or four diticrcnt en- 
person, which lew 
!,m various costumes : a 

^ L'sJiead and cross-bones, 
^Ificific emblems, udorii- 
'the baron. Ng- 




body has walked the public streets 
for some time past, who does uot 
know this redoubtable nobleman. 
Wherever noiori-ty could be ac- 
quired, there was the b:iro»iGreramb. 
At the funeral of the lamented 
duke ui Albuquerque, hu exhibited 
hitiiach' in all the paradei of grief, 
in a jti black unilurm* Where 
n)oney alone could not gain ad- 
mittance, the maguifice bt exterior 
of this seeming niaguatx;of Hun- 
gary was sure of procui ing an in- 
troduction. At theO;^ra, at the 
Theatres, and the Park, i)is iurred 
mantle and respUudai. I sUirs wcw 
seldom missed. W'hc: i that woo- 
dcrlul master of the H iblrionic art, 
Mr. Coaics, played, t r rather at- 
tempted to play, L othario, laht 
winter, at the Hay- market, llic 
Hungarian baron sa't with itxk> 
scribable dignity in t iie stage-box» 
and appeared the pat jron of the ah- 
surdities of the nv. ^it, consolio|^ 
the white-plumed Lothario with 
his nods, and bov rs, and cheers^ 
for all the coarse : and severe, but 
justly merited,, rai flcry which wjk 
unsparingly dealt i xit to him frcaa 
the pit and galleri £s. But the ba- 
ron was formed to cmbdlish a 
court as well as to dignity a plav- 
house. He wa^ i fretiuent in liis 
inquineii after the health of the 
British Sovercig,Ti at St. James's i 
and appeared w ith more than usual 
splendour at thj ci .-J cbraicd ^vr* of 
the Prince ll-:gem t at Carlion- 
house. The £iscir£tu>ns of that 
scene of courtly festivity and 
princely elegaucc b e^iame the sub- 
ject of the baron'- ; pen j and he 
accordingly publis.' y.d a letter to 
••Sophie," dccrii ir^g in tlie most 
romantic languagt ., all the splcn- 
did objects ot t!:r . night, and the 
fc-jlings with wh; ;h hii chivalrous 

mlud 



4S 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



wnind was impressed. What the 
baron has been doing since we can- 
not rxactlj fiay, but he has done 
enmigh to get himself sent oat gf 
the corn try. It is said that he al- 
leges lie had proposed to engage 
24,CXX> Cxoat troops in the service 
of Englanxi^ a proposal which he 
pretends Vd have considered as fa- 
vourably i^ceived by our ministers 
abroad, because they (Mr, Bath- 
urst, Ge:icrnl Oakes, and Mr. 
Henry Wijlleslry, to whom he ap- 
peals) did not hesitate granting 
him passpiorts, to enable him to 
come to J England, to submit his 
plan; and for this service his 
charges wc re — Journey from Lon- 
don to Ciidiz, 2301.; establish- 
ment in London, 22 months, at 
2001. per month, <],400l.; return 
to Hungary,. 7(X)l — total 5,3501. 
The baron, i't seems, while the of- 
ficers wex-e besieging his castle, 
told them he- had two hundred 
pounds of gunpowder in his house, 
and, if they p ersevered, he would 
blow up him.'^^lf and that toge- 
ther; but iindhig tliem not intimi- 
dated^ he surren dercd. The baron, 
it is reported, h as h:id uncommon 
raccess in certa in gaming houses. 
He is now at Ha rwich, on his way 
to ihe Continen t. Hti is said to 
be a German Jbw, who having 
married the wi<!fAv of an Hunga- 
rian Baron, asisuiiied the title by 
which he has pasbcd. 

7. A singular circumstance is 
stated in the case of Wyatt, of 
Fowey, conviotcd of ihe murder of 
ValeniinPjthe. few. The prisoner was 
bronght up to receive sentence on 
Thursday, anul Mr. Jusiire Cham- 
bre, supposing U to be Friday, sen- 
tenced him to be executed on the 
Monday. The Act of Parliament 
enacts, that ]>ei¥ons convicteil of 
xhordcr shall be executed within 



48 hours after their oon 
t hey ai e therefore genenllj 
the Friday, in or£r that tl 
have the benefit of Sundajr 
is a iiiet rnn. The seotenc 
ever, not being conform 
law, as it allowed a longei 
than forty-eight hoare I 
the conviction and eaecati 
prisoner was broi^ht up a| 
Friday, and sentenced to I 
cuted on Saturday. The 
tion was respited till the 
May, and the opinion of thf 
is to be taken respecting th 
ity of the .sentence. 

' 8. King's Bench Cottrt,^ 
tion was brought by an upk 
in Sloane-square, against a 
man of fortune, who marrii 
tcr of lord Pomfret, and re 
Suffolk, to recover the \ 
5541. 12s. 7d. disputed as 
charge upon the bill for fu 
the defendant's honae. The 
of the whole bill was 24MI 
had been reduced by payat 
account to 13541. 13s. 7^ 
800 1. more having been p 
court. The principal dd 
article was (he charge of 7< 
a bed, which, according 
statement of Mr. Garrow 
-plain titY, was made in the a 
pensive manner, after a € 
supported and omameotc 
grif!ins,eagles, cherubim, am 
a gold sun with beaming 
the bead of it, and the aU| 
factured according to Uie 
ant*s own pattern. .Mr.-^ 
stated the profitfc wUeh flo^ 
the plaintilf npon thia;tal 
little more than IWL mittcl 
plaintiff was anslooiK 'fiie t 
of his reputation^ fcr- n»i 
upon the eridcne^^^thar 
strrers whom be. alMNdKa 
who would speak to the 



CHRONICLE. 



49 



• The Attorney-Gene- 
9 defeodanty offered to 
»9e to any person, not 
ever; but the plaintilT 
3 go on, and alter lie 
the delivery of the va- 
st in his bill, lord Ellen- 
Bed one of the witnesses 
the highest price at 
master bad ever before 
bed; and upon being 
lOOl. hi« lord&hip said 
ime tradesmen to inti- 
(obable expense of such 
this to their customers, 
: their sane jndgni^iit 
MDufactory of it. Did 
s ever know any other 
> was suffered to go at 
lasing such a bed ? The 
lied, he did not. 
»w said, that he should 
irove that the defendauc 
wings of this bed, and 
led with an estimate of 
, nearly to the full va- 
• 

irney-General said, that 
i driven to a jury, he 
mo<t strongly upon tht.' 
lordship had bui^geiiteil. 
koborough siiid, tli^it 
vere in some degree the 
f our safety, as tu or- 
bem : and this bed w.is 
above three times the 
fooe which thepiaintitf 
his life. 

ney-General repeated 
 to leave the caiw to 
mn to say what the 
fht to have, supposing 
wwu ordered. 
IBbOMogh never heard 
hai to be slept upon. 
bi'the neighourhood of 
tf'^vkicb m court sat 
iMlra-hottse), a bed 
f. 



bed which cost 20001. but that was 
a public thing, which ought not 
to govern the bed of any private 
[>erson. 

Mr. Garrow said, that his client 
had not been, till now, aware that 
tl>e reference would be binding, and 
that he would have a verdict for its 
amount. He was uow willing to 
consent to it ; and Mr. fiolland 
was chosen as the referee. 

8. Lttterfi^m Mtmcheitctj-^** As 
you will, no doubt, hear of vatious 
reports of riots and tumults in this 
tuwn, I think it right to put you in 
prjssession of their causes and ef- 
Iccts. Every occurrence 1 shall ie» 
late to you passed under my own 
eye: you may, therefore, most im- 
plicitly depend upon the facts. 

" C)u Saturday last an advertise* 
ment ap])earcd in the Manchester 
papers, for the purpose of conven- 
ing a meeting at the Great Com* 
mercial Uoom over the Exchange* 
on the Wednesday following, ' To 
prepare a dutiful and loyal address 
to hi^ rovnl hi^hnc^s the IVince 
Regent, e\pre:',sivc of the strong 
nssuranccs of our attachment to 
his royal highnPbs's person, and of 
our ardent zeal for the support of 
his government. 

'* Thi^ advrrtisenicnt uasbigned 
by about ijO luyal !iubjects. The 
con>equL [u:rj was. (hat an opposi- 
tion sprni^g up in Older to defeat 
the object of the meeting, by pro- 
posing and carrying a counter-ad- 
dress. Ihe belter to ensure suc- 
cess, the. op|)OBition caused liandi 
bils to be distributed, and placard^ 
lo be pofited throughout the town 
and the country for ten miles 
round. These being, in general, 
of an inflammatory ;endency, cal- 
culated to rouse the passions of the 
people, it ii impossible to conpeive 

K tb« 



id ANNUAL UEGlitE'R, 1812, 



the grcJit abd sadden effect they 
pftidOced 00 the pubH« ttiimi ; nor 
waiT it ever dreafned tdby even tbe 
indiscreet friends of the Prince Re- 
gfttit themsekes, uhtll thfcy obscrv- 
^ oor Che day previttas to Uic mcei^ 
Ing, the people croTwding to town 
hi evwy direction frora the conri- 
tryi and tbetj they were fully 
iiware of the imprudsnce of their 
conduct. Alarmed at the threat- 
tAitig aspect of aflfairs, they held a 
cotisuUaeion amongst themselves j 
and after etnploying a surveyor to 
hl^ect the building in which it 
-vt^s intended the meeting should 
talte place, the comrtiitiee of th« 
Mffftchebter Exchange coromu- 
nkaft^d officially to the public, 
that there wjls something so rotteq 
fft the state, or rather in the stdir- 
ea^fc of the building, that it would 
he dangerous and unsafe to pertVlit 
a Crowd tb assemble in any part of 
the building. 

" '*'*This notification was not at- 
tetided with the desired effect. 
The people assembled in thotu 
ftands, by ten o'clock in the morn- 
ing; and by eleven the rabble had 
eomplfete possession ot the Com- 
Urterdal Rooms both above and be-^ 
low stairs. Thev did not act as a 
6feKbcrative body; for without 
Inueh considcrlation they com- 
tl%ncfed breaking the windows of 
iheupper room, out of which they 
threw the benched, chairs, tables, 
-and, in short, demolished maps, 
latnps, and every moveable in the 
rootn. It was proposed by some 
tjf theitjost desperate to set fire to 
,the furniture, but they did not 
proceed to this cxtrcmiey. By this 
rrrac (twelve o'clock) some thou- 
wads of the mob had taken pos^ 
aesAion of St. Ami*s-square. One 
'^Ifatt town demagogues mounted 



a temporary rostrum in tite tnidM 
of the square, add read 4\mA tfali 
tesblutions agrted to*^ at^tter laat 
Common Hall, every kitit of whkli 
was unanhDOusly re^pasiefl miilli* 
the krtidcBt ucdmttktkHis. Mitfew 
wa^ thui^ piioceedfng, wftttt ^sttd- 
dcniy arrived firorti the te ifu c ict 
the regiment of S^cotcH ®re>'s,«M 
the Cumbei'fend regimcht of iM^ 
litia. The riot att ^«va« ttftme^^ 
atcly read, and tiitje aHonii^ for 
the mob to disperse : arHl in ffte€b 
minutes afterwards, not feU'^^- 
sons could be found togetllH' In 
this quarter of the town. Weri» 
did soldiere perform lh«r "itSij 
with more pro|)rie^. Ttfey wwe 
frequently pranked to »€^ of vio^ 
lence, but coadtrcted themseltes, 
notwithstanding, with gtWHato^- 
ration and forbearance towards the 
rabble. No lives were lost tbfetl 
hare heard of, but*seVer^ "i^ere 
wounded by the s^bre. From 
twelve o'clcek tti tl)e &^m the 
shops and warehouses *wiei« shnt 
up." 

" Big^t oxlockai mg^.i--i yht 
learn that several of ^ the ri^^eh 
have been lodged in NHv BMiy 
prison. The constables andidili- 
tary are parading the street*; ^F%e 
mob, in small bocjie^, ard sdH^^iib* 
sembled at distant partfe ^f ^^e 
town, and appear to be i^fracHW." 

'' Nine o'c/ock,'^^W& rn^^'-k 
dark, and it is apprehended ^t^de 
mischief may occur before Hklrn- 
ing : the inhabitants iftrfe- ^tMsily 
jafraid of fire; arid ntanjr wiH Ijtet 
go to bed. At present, thanft^Gwa, 
all is well, and I hope wW cbh- 
tinue so.** 

To the above it is pleasing to 
add, that we* have' sHsiy a -^gtehtle^ 
man, who left Maniche^Mi %b Che 
mail, at twelve o'ddd^ od^Wed- 

oesday 



CHRONICLE. 



3\ 



night, at vblch time the 
u quiet. 

warm debate occurred in 
terly assembly of the Cor- 

of Dublin ou the 10th in- 
i a motion for granting the 
of the city to iSIajor 
^bue, who acted as captain 
olonel Skerrett in the de- 

Tnriira. This was strongly 

un (he ground of his being 
t. An amendmciit wa-^ 
ind carried, that the wokI 
i" should be bubititati-d f..r 
m.** — The petition of i\n'. 
>f aldermen, against the 
:iaims, was adopted by a 

• 

^eds, — Last Sunday i:l,;lit, 

2 o'clock, a number ot 
len, wiih their faces a j\ er- 
red the woikshop of Mr. 

of Snowgate-head, near 
thy in the ndghbourhovjd 
iersheldj and uroke all his 

frames and shears. They 
ed from thence to Horn 
)out a mile distant, entered 
liog-shop of Mr. J. Brook, 

content with brt-aking his 
mJ slirars, which tiury cn- 
estroyedy t!u:y bri>kc: and 
led his household funutiirc 
1 the windows. From 
they proccjtded to Reins, 
onley, about three' miles 

where they arrived^ about 
ock, and t- uttTcd the work • 
' Mr. Janus Brook, and 
ae fraiiic, which wa-i all he 
d which had been tiken 
boot five weeks. At the 
eatir^aty of Mr. Brook, they 
wailed upon not lo break 
n. 

.caie has occurrt-d which 
|l4jBlarm through the ma- 
llBg district . On Thursda y 



night, about twelve o'clock, the 
extensive cloth manufactory of Mr. 
J. Foster, of Horbury, near Wake- 
field, was surrounded by a large 
body of armed men, who, after 
securing all the approaches to the 
premises, proceeded to break into 
tiiat part of the mill appropriated 
to the dressing of cloth, where 
they completely destroyed all the 
shears and frames; the former 
were not merely snipped, but abso- 
iUiiiv broken in pieces. They 
tiien u molifhcd all the windows, 
i.iiil, ns if actuated by the niu.it dia- 
Ijolie.il phrenzy, broke into ihos*; 
\)\rX*^ of the premises, against which 
thc\-)0 deprcA!a;ors do not pretend to 
liuve any gr.mnd of conij)laini, — 
the scribbling-mill and weaving- 
sliop-?, and materially injured the 
iiiachinery, and wantonly damaged 
a quantity of warp ready fot the 
loom; destroyed not nierdy tlie 
;;]ass of the window, but the 
fj limes which were of cast-iron, 
the windowsi ol' the dye-houses, the 
counting- hunse, and even the 
dwell ing-hori.scs contiguous to the 
work. shop shared the samc.faie. 

At the commencement of these 
ontrag' ^. a detachment from tht: 
main hu.ly invested the dweliing- 
liouse or Mr. Foster's sons ; they 
shivered tlie door in pieces, and 
broke the window and frame ; and 
proceeded to the lodging-room of 
the young men, and demanded the 
keys of the building, under pain of 
instant death. They dragged two 
(if them out of bed, and tied them 
t«.)gcther, making them lie naked 
upon the floor j the other they 
compelled to accompany them 
with Uie keys. The dwelling- 
house occupied by the book-kccpei 
was also broken into, and his fami- 
ly treated with brutal violence 

K ..» The/ 



5ii 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1813. 



They aftcrwarvl.s sti fnv to tlie 
building, wliicii vns » xlin'^ui'ibed, 
;iftcr their deparuiR-, before it 
communi rated to ibe nwin body of 
the building. Having accom- 
plished their object, they asa'em- 
bled in a ticld, when the leader 
called over tlieir numbers, to 
which each aiKwer^d. Having as- 
certained that their wholi' number 
wa» there, he said, " the work is 
done, all is well, disperse,'* which 
order was obeyed. 

11. Truro. — We observed la^^t 
week some symptoms of commo- 
tion among the miners j the lir>t 
and most pernicious elTect ot which 
was, to alarm tht» farmers and 
dealers in grain, potatoes, 8ic. and 
to check the open sale anil free 
circulation of provisions through 
the country ; and the action and 
re-action of tb.e two evils heij];!jten- 
ing each ot.he.r, till S.nurv'.iv nnd 
Sundny hv-., lh«* v/orlcmt- ii at .^ev«'- 
ral of the mines then resolved to 
stop working till they were ^^p- 
plicd. This could not b- done .it 
the moment. Thev assembled in 
groups ot* eonsiderabli^ nuin-HM's, 
in the quarter b<:twe«'n Rf^druth 
and Truro, and then di.sjH'rH\l ovt-r 
the countr}' with their impry 
sacks* to purchase corn among the 
farmers. 

On Monday, about n-.on, (hey 
began to enter Truro, but not in 
crowds or riotously. I'ew of them 
looked like fathers of families. Thu 
far greater pait were boys, and no 
Fraail number of Lii/ pi\i (as the 
girls are called who work about 
the mines), and seemed rather to 
have come from curiosity, having 
been thrown idle by the stopping 
of I he works. We must do them 
the justice to pay, we could not 
have conceived so manv of them 



would quit their work uuder such 
circumstincTS, and do so little 
mischief. The prceautionary mea- 
sure?, and the apprehensions they 
gave rise to, formed the moat seri- 
ous pait of the businei?. The 
leading men in most of the popii 
Ions parishes hiul already, as we 
have said, exerted themselves to 
apply all possible relief. 

The next duty of magistracy was 
to proteet property, and preserve 
the public penc*, rather by awing 
the turbulent, than contending 
with them. With this view the 
High Sh'-riff signed an order for 
the march of a part of the Mon - 
mouth and Brecon regiment, from 
Falmouth to Redruth. 

All was quiet to-d;iy at Redruth 
market ; wlicre, liowevcr, about 
10*3 of the Weleh roiriment still 
c 'ntinuc •, the remainder having 
r.-turned to t'almon.th, with the 
arms of the Stannary artilleiy regi- 
m':nt, to be lo(!:v d in Pendcnnir' 
< Mstle. A letter received this even- 
i!i;j from a !f>:)ee!.iM;! friend in 
Illojian. <:r.-s, ili:it all the miners 
are rr'tir.Tied to their duty. Two 
large car- (^(5 of American flour 
now in F.diiK.nth arc expected 
to be Imded there; and several 
other e.irjjoes are expeeled from 
Ameriv a, besides barley from other 
parts. Thi' Magi.itrat^ts are doing 
all in their power to relieve thezu» 
and t(* punish the ringleaders in 
any tbitlier disorders. 

12. On Sunday morning the 
village of Hankelow, near Nant- 
wich, wa< alarmed by a report, 
that George Mr.»rrey, farmer, had 
bi.'cn murdeied during the preced- 
ing night, having been found with 
his brains dashed out, and his 
throat cut from car to car ! It was 
supposed that the crime had beea 

peq>e- 



CHRONICLE. 



53 



rated by some villains^ who 
itered his hoiue for plunder i 
is wife afl'ectcd complete* ig- 
ce of tlie awful transaction. 
i of Ijloml from tJjc bed of 
ceastd were found. On ex- 
ig thu servant-man, blood 
>und on his shin. An officer 
ent for, and the man taken 
iistody. When the constable 
akinp; him to a AIagi:)trate, 
d " Well, I suppose I must 
iged ;" and on being pressed 
s meaninij, confessed, that 
lurder of his master was dc- 
jcd upon l)etwcen his mis- 
and hunself; and stated, 
5 had l)eeii urged to the hor- 
?d by his mistress, who want- 
n to marry her. The con- 
unlocked the hand- cuffs 
A'hich he had locked himself 
prisoner, fastened the latter 
: same instruments to an as- 
:, and ran back to take the 
When he entered tiie house, 
d her the confession of the 
t, and bid her prepare to ac- 
iny him. She covered her 
fixli her apron, drew a razor 
ler breast, and ran it across 
roat, nrsakin^; a deep incision. 
gcon stwcd up the wound, 
is not considered dan^LTou*. 
3ung man is about U) years 
, flic worran -10. 
I followin:r confess'iiin di-*- 
a scni''- of almost unp.ii- 
d horror : — 

•iUtnry ConJ\fi\L'hi of J. [.'>- 
zIyti If fore hWuhfulT/imnn^^ 
" his Majesly's Coroiurs for 
}unty ^f Cheitcr, Af^riL 14, 
— Stateth— That his mis- 
Sdith Morrey, set him on to 
i;. his master, and he \\\u 
0a|l.be had. She told him 
o a public-house, in Hankc- 



low, on Saturilay aftttfnooB» the 
11th of April, to get some drink, 
and slic would got things ready to 
kill him. His master w.is gone 
to Audlcni, and she told him (/- 
liomas) that he must not go to 
l)cd. He camr: homo about 12 
o'clock \ and as soon as his master 
was gone to bed and a.sleep, bis 
mistress came up to his room. 
He was asleep: she awoke him, 
and told him his master was fast 
asleep, and he must come and kill 
him. He refused? she went dowil 
stairs, and afterwards came up 
again, and went down again, and 
he followed her. Slie had got Hbm 
n\c readv, and gave il into bis 
hand. He said it would be found 
out, and they should be sure to be 
hanged. She said she would see 
him safe, and swear he was fast 
adeep in bed, and would send tlic 
servant-girl to call him up. He 
(f.omas) said his master would 
awake before lie readied the bad, 
and she said hIic would go in first, 
and put up her hand if he was fast 
::sl'.'cp, for him to come in and 
kill him. SIk? put Iier hand up 
♦a'o nr three times, and then said 
he* must coiue in. He (Lomas) 
then went in, and his mistress held 
the candle, whij'c: he struck hi? 
mast-.;r thrt-o lijnes with the axo 
on l;ij head. He struck him the 
r>r»t tiiijt? oviT l:i> temple. After 
lie had srrncJc him three times, he 
I:e.ird ti.i^ *:rrvi.:it- wench, who slept 
in the next room, j^^t i:pon the 
floor, and li-/ said the servant- 
woman was coining; on which ius 
mistress wettd her linger and 
thumb, aiid put the candle rut. 
H« (Ix>mas) ran away towards the 
door, aud liis ma-ter was shouting. 
" Oh Lord I" His mistress tumed 
him back ajjain, ami said he lyu^t 



1* 



ANNUAt REGISTER, 1812. 



go again, as he bad not killed tiim ; 
■he said be must bill htm. TheA 
he went again and struck him in 
the dark Ihree or four times, with 
the axe ; he ihinlis he only hit tiim 
ODCC with ihe head cf it, and thep 
he ran out of the parlour. His 
tnistress met him in the house- 
place, and opening a sheath, took 
out a razor, which she put into his 
liand, saying he muit go and kill 
k;™ — . . »,. must cot his throat. 
ut she gnve him a bit 
id said he must go. 
nt first, and he fol- 
Ith itie razor in his 
lung thr out-door of 

m where the ser- 
pt,- Btid shut the 
T, and he (LomaO 
the parlour. His 
coming off the bed 
od he touched him, 
master rose up, and 
n by Ihe breast, and 
land (hat he had the 
: CLomas) sprung out 
and then laid hold of 
rgd, as he was upon 

-. , —J cut his ibroat twice. 

He loosed him and ran, and his 
roaster fell "to tlie floor, and he 
went up stairs and got into bed. 
After a wliile, the strvant-girl, 
Hannah Etafls, caiiio up to him to 
ihout him up. She came and 
sbook him, and he desired her to 
, go down stairs iigsin, and to inive 
the candle. He had llie hlobdy 
shirt on', and he did not put his 
arm'out of bed; he was afraid of 
her seeing it. He then got up, 
and put bis coat on over his bloody 
«hirt, ' He dried his bloudy hands 
npoii his waistcoat ; he also 
put his smock-frock on, and went 
dowq staii^. "VV^hcii He pamp 



down stairs, ttie servantr^rl S9)it 
lomebody had murder^ her tAas^ 
ter, and he was desired to go m 
and see if he was dead. He wcijj 
to the parlour douT and just 
peeped in, and said be ihouglrt 
he »'as. 

Lteiis, I3.— The following ac- 
count of the affair at Mr. Cart- 
wri.ibt's mi)], at Ilawfolds, between 
bleckheaton and Liiijeiown, inajr 
be depended upon as correct :— 

About 20 or ?0 minutes a^^i 
twelve o'clock on Saturday niglij, 
this gig-mill was attacked by lh< 
Ludiics, or Snappers^ and the win* 
dows and door of the mill were 
fisiailfd by a furious mob, wbo 
commenced their attack br tbe 
firing of aims and the bealm^'of 
hammers and butchcls. The guard 
in the mill instantly rr pell ea the 
ass.tuli bys steady, firm, and wcjl- 
direcied discbarge of musKetij 
from within. A'rejfular engage- 
ment succeeded, winch cominued 
from 15 to 20 minutes, duripl 
which time, not fewer tnan.UQ 
shot were discharged ftQm within. 
the assailants ueie foiled in t^it 
attempt lo fwce llie "fvindow^ or 
doursi aud did i)o other datg^e 
than break the glass windows of 
the mill.' tlm delqdi;d mob ilid 
notescape unhurt.. Two flf tb* 
unliappy men were h1\ wounj^ 
upon the spot, and . t.jicre, is^jj^t 
reason lo believe that 
received (lie content! 
fenders' muskets, asti 
have becii observed, 

care of surgeons as s< 

be done; one of them, 

a tinner's apprentice, 

field, died after having his leg 

amputated. Samuel Hartley, a 

croppct"* ' of Haddcnficld, firba 



CHRONICLE. 



55 



worked wit}i one Webb, or Web- 
stefj at the same place (and for- 
merly with Mr. Cartwright) at 
Halifax,) was shot through the 
breast j he died yesterday afternoon. 

From the direction of the shot, 
it is conjectured that he received his 
wound in the act of firing on the 
mill, or in an attitude similar to 
that of firing a musket. Several 
hammers, masks, and a pick-lock 
key were left upon th#i premises. 
Both the men died without making 
any confession of their accomplices, 
but several must have been so 
ift'ounded as to lead to the know- 
ledge of them. 

Letters received yesterday state, 
that since the resistance made by 
Mr. Cartwright and his assistants, 
the rioters have not ventured to 
appear in great numbers in that 
Acighbourhood. Of the deluded 
l»rretches concerned in that attack, 
two more have since died of the 
wounds they received on that oc- 
^sion ; which makes the number 
of lives lost four. To prevent the 
Tecum nee of similar dangers, the 
military no longer waited for tu- 
multuous assemblings, but went 
9tx>ut, dispersing the disturbers 
wherever they found them meeting 
together in small numbers. 

The town of Macclesfield was 
on this day the scene of an alarm- 
ing riot, apparently originating 
from the high price of provisions^ 
A disorderly mob of colliers, car- 
ters, and others from the neigh- 
Vntirbood, assembling in the fields, 
.filtered the town, and began de- 
stroying the windows and furniture 
^tbc bouses of a nurnrber of shop- 
^ko^jcrs. As the efforts of the ma- 
gifitrates to disperse them proved in- 
effectual, it was found necessary to 
call in the assistance of a party of 



the Cumberland militia, and of (be 
Macclesfield volunteer cavalry^ 
who. after much skirmishing, suc- 
ceeded in entirely clearing the 
town, and apprehending some of 
the ringleaders. Several casualties 
ocoirred on the occasion, bat no 
lives were lost. 

13. Bristol, — At Bristol some dis* 
turbances took place the last mar- 
ket day, on account of the dear- 
nesi of provisions. Potatoes had 
been on the rise for some time 
previous j and the farmers who had 
several waggon loads at the mar- 
ket, were attempting to advance 
their pricr, when a mob assem- 
bled, and threatened them with their 
vengeance. Some of the respect- 
able inhabitants of the town in 
consequence interfered, and endea- 
voured to appease the mob by pro- 
mising to prevail on the farmersto 
sell the potatoes at the price of the 
previous market day. In this they 
were unsuccessful ^ and the coii- 
sequencc was, that the mob seized 
the provisions in spite of every op- 
position^ and either destroyed or 
carried away the whole, 

i 3 . Between four and five o'clock 
on this morning the Highgate 
Tunnel fell in. The labour of 
several months was thus in a few 
moments converted into a heap of 
ruins. Some of the workmen, 
who were coming to resume their 
daily labour, describe the noise 
that preceded it like that of distant 
thunder. It was the crown arch^ 
near Horusey-lane, that first gave 
way ; and the lane, in consequence, 
fell some feet deep, and instantly 
became impassable. The houses 
in the vicinity felt the&U like the 
shock of an earthquake. The 
number of persons whom the fine- 
ness of the weather attrscted on 

Sundayj 



•^AV"'--* 



56 



ANNUAL REGISTEK, ibl'J. 



Sunday^ to in.-.peci the woiks^ Wtis 
not less tlian bOO. 

SAr//:\:/J, M. — At Tie*. '..nAi to- 
day, alxnit '10 or .'O po'-r !.:•. ;i (wliu 
arc employed in vw ;'..ri':2 ^ t>U crof 
land tor a now i)i:rvir.:T-i;roii!id) 
came n)archi:v' in w(;o.lcn ci'^jia 
into thr. p.'/.ato«- luirkr.t, wLtrc 
their numbers Uin^ much in- 
creased, th«^y b'jgii!! It) ill row tlie 
potatoes in every ciirs. timi, break- 
ing the window:, nil io'.i:ui the 
markit-placc, and drivii»j^ the 
farmers a:ul otlitr'* tiom tl-.r rnr- 
kct. Tijtry il'.Cii pr A" Mcil t-^ 

bitak Op-v-ll the: I ( tnli>« -i» I'l.i*' . 

which wci'. s;...:2 t::i|":.tl (,t lli-^ir 
contrntN. 0::c jasi it t:.-- mob 
made up High-hirt «.f to \Jr. \V. 'fi- 
lm's tiour-wa^.e- o'.>.i , v !j« rr ifi'-y 
broke a KW vnuarr ^ ot r'a^-., b'lt 
did nooiherdaniaj"-. "i . •• »;i •.•K-r 
part of the p'. '.>p!v: iw m ni'i:» i to 
the LocalMlI!ii.i stor';-r»»o •. bijr-»i 
it open, r::d tc \ iritin o u. t?»)i) 
£taud of ::i;n ., v.hiih tlirv bioko 
in pieces Th.- iTniit.jry lur.v ar- 
livcd, and j'eaer\».t« th-v rtinain-lor. 
The volunieiT cavjlry wi :e r .il« il 
together, and t!i? [,oc.d Militia 
drums beat to .iniis under a \t ry 
fctrong gu.ird. Misny liioLib.'oJ. .«»t' 
people are collcc!'.\l. The liia.l- 
quartcrs are at the Tonlit.e, with 
a number of e.!n:u>n planted bctorc 
the hoasc. The soldiers have taken 
several of the ring-Ieailcrs infj 
custody : the sljopi are all sliUt in j 
the Riot Act has been lead three 
limes, but all to no purpo..e. 

Two post-chaises with rioters arc 
gone for York Gistle, guarded by 
cavalry and two lield-pieees. Ar- 
tillerymen have just paased» to 
guard the ammunition. 

J^xtract of a letter from Mrs. 
GouUir, at Stuck pprt, to her hus- 
band in town: — 



•• hulkclcy Arms, SiocJtport, 
yfpril 14, 1812. 
** \Vr had been for bomc davs 
under gnat apprehension of the 
mob. This mornincj, about nine 
o'clock, the p'^nple btgan to a<?»cm- 
ble in considerable numbers. They 
haltei at our large gates, (at Edge- 
h'v), and remained liure for ne;irly 
an hour, calling to us at intervals 
ti)open our windows, and throwing 
biorus in order to ci'm{)el us to 
comply w'.th their wi-hes. Finding 
n<i;hci* ol a::y avail, they proceed- 
ed towards tiiis town, their num- 
b-iN in'M'easing as th. y pr«K'Ceded 
il.'.i!,^. J!;-i«:}d ot • iitering by ihrt 
u^vial ri;ad, they visited several 
hnr.nc.i ..::.! t'aetoiii s, wihtc they 
l;rol.e ail i>. lJ)re iii: in. They then 
K'Liinid to Kdgelcy, in number 
about .':()()0. On perceiving them 
ironi our ef»itag»". cuming down the 
road, I assemblfd the; children and 
tiLVic. in th- parlour, and !*a-.ienec! 
tlie windows and doors ; the aar- 
d,.'ncr presently rushed into the 
room, ;uid eonjur^^a u-s to fly that 
ni<«nient. il'v/r. wished to save our 
liv(s. It was with dirliculty I 
could s[)( a'u ; but each snatching 
up a cluld, we escaped at tb.'*. great 
gate just in time to avoid the rab- 
ble. We proceeded to Mrs. 
Sykes's ; but before wc reached our 
destination we saw our cottage en- 
veloped in flames. Every thing, I 
have since learnt, was consumed 
by the Are, and nothing left but 
the shell. The mob next proceed- 
ed to the factory, where tliey broke 
the windows, destroyed the looms, 
and cut all the work Mfhich wa« in 
progress ; and having finished this 
mischief, they Repeated the three 
cheers which they gave on seeing 
the flames first burst from our 
'iwelliug, 1 heir cry witf, *«Nowr 






CHRONICLE. 



STf 



lykes's;" but before tht?y 
accomplish their wicked pur- 
"»n mir friend, snmo iDilitary 
(1, accompanied by Mr. 1 nr- 
who^'f exertions have been 
itigablc. He had been uiiieh 
ssed on seeing our house in 
%, and had seen nobody to in- 
hini of our escape. The fe- 
of Mr. Sykcs's family are 
to Manchester for security, 
t we have taken refuge iicre. 
x)st -chaise in which we came 
scorted by f'oar Seotcli Greys, 
rioters were headed by two 
dressed in women's clothes, 
were railed General Lud's 
I. We are again left v.lthout 
el, but such as the kindnr ss of 
riends supj)lies. Mr. Sykcs 
sen irj'ing to get more soldiers 
gcley, f^r the rioters appear 
r than ever. Marsland and 
families have taken shelter at 
:hester. Mr. Garside, who 
.voured to protect our proper- 
id even ventured to reproach 
nob for their conduct, has 
Beverely beaten and bruised. 
ft in now nine o'clock at night, 
learn the mob are more out- 
as t*ian eve- at Edgcley. 
I soldiers have been just sent 
. Anotiier troop of horse is 
ted to-night." 

, On Wednesday evening an 
irdinary investigation took 
at Bow-street. Crokcr, die 
t, was passing along the 
pstead-road ; he observed at a 
^istence before him two men 
vbH, and directly after saw the 
t'Of theiti, a stout man, alx)ut 
Ct faigfa, banging by his neck 
a l«np>post attached to the 
being that instant tied up and 
d oft* by tlie short man. This 
>ected and extraordinary sight 



astonished the officer ; he made up 
to the spot with all speed, and just 
after he arrivexi theiv, the tall man^ 
who had been hanged, fell to the 
ground, the handkerchief with 
which he had been suspended hav- 
i ng given way . Croker prod uced hit 
sLitF, said he was an orticer, and 
demanded to know of the other 
man the cause of such conduct j in 
the mean time, the man who had 
been hanged recovered, got up, 
and on Crokor's interfering, gave 
iiim a violent blow on his nose, 
which neaily knocked him back- 
ward. The short man was endea- 
vouring to make off; hov/ever, the 
oflicer ptocureJ assistance, and 
both were brought to the office, 
wht*n the account they gave was, 
that tlicy worked on canals. They 
Lad been together on Wednesday 
afternoon, tossed up for money, and 
afterwards for their clothes; the tall 
man who was hanged won the 
other*s jacket, trowsers, and shoes; 
they then tossed up which should 
hang the otlier, and the short one 
won the toss. They got upon tlie 
wall, the one to submit, and the 
other to hang him on the lamp- 
iron. They both agreed in this 
statement. The tall one, who had 
been hanged, said, if he had won 
the to:ss, he would ha\'e hanged 
the other. He said, he then fdt 
the eiFects upon his neck of his 
hanging, and his eyes were 
so much swelled that he saw doa- 
ble. Tlie magistrates expressed 
their horror and disgust > and or- 
dered the man who had been hang- 
ed to find bail for the violent and 
unjustifiable assault upon the offi- 
cer, and tlic short one for hanging 
the other. Not having bail, they 
were committed to firidewell for 
trial . 



i8 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 181C. 



\6. Shciport. — The rioters have 
continued tlu^ir depredations on the 
factories. The town in con*e- 
que»-.Cfcliad been placarded, begging 
the people to dc^i>t from outrages ; 
and that no moans sliould be k-jt un- 
tried t^) reduce the price of provi- 
sions by the next market day. The 
rioters were not limited to the 
weavers alone, the lower classes of 
mechanics in general were inter- 
mixed witli tlu*m. On Wednes- 
day morning, uj)wards of 20(X) of 
them as.^mb!ed on Cheadle t-^eath, 
to plan their measures tor the day. 
They proceeded to Major Parker's, 
and broke every winduw in the 
house. This gentleman had no- 
thing to do with the weaving trade; 
and it could not be supposed he was 
in any respect obnoxious to tlieir 
vengeance. Information had been 
conveyed to them that Mr. Good- 
air's gardener had been the mcani 
of saving the lives of his mistress 
and children, by informing thcni 
of the danger with which they were 
tlireatenpd ; the conse(iuence wjs, 
that tliey sought his life. He took 
refuge at a farm-hou^c, wiiere he 
remained secreted until the arrival 
of a party cf horse to escort him tmt 
of their reach. It appears that 
about thirty of the Scutch Greys 
arrived in time to save several arti- 
cles of furniture in Mr. Goodair's 
cottage, aflr.r it had been set on fire, 
9nd also succeeded in securing two 
of the incendiaries. 

IQ, Carlisle. — On Friday night, 
a body of about 300 men and 
womeu^ the men armed with guns 
and pitchfprks, proceeded to Dais- 
ton^ about four miles from Carli-sle, 
and broke open the wareliouses of 
Messn. Richardson and Dugdale, 
and carried away hams» bacons and 
flour, to the amount of 5001. The 



military immediately marched tn 
disperse the rioters, and succeeded 
in taking into custody about forty, 
chieily jrirl.s. The plan of the 
rioters appears to have been organ- 
ised, a^ tiioy had :>couts stationed 
to watch the movements of the 
military ; for long before the soldi- 
ers could i^ach the plate oi desti- 
nation, the ringleaders, with th« 
greatest part of their associates, had 
decamped with their booty through 
the fields, and it is believed, lodged 
it safely in their homes. The 
horse are at present patrolling the 
streets, and the 56th ri:giment are 
under arms. 

20. The last letters from Shef- 
field state, that the town \\m» per- 
fectly tranquil on Thursday after- 
noon. Huddersfield was also tn a 
state of quiet, la the neighbour* 
hood of Stockport, unfortunately, 
a spirit of turbulence continued. 
A letti,r, dated on Thursday even- 
ing, says, they had been tolerably 
quiet all day, but had received 
alarming accounts from tiie coun- 
try. The weavers still assembled 
iu great numbers, and proceeded 
in bodies to the houses of gentle- 
men and farmers, from whom tbef 
ext' rted money and victuals. Many 
carried arms o|)enly . Dr. M i t cbel's 
bouse was attacked on Wednesday 
night, and .several bullets fired at 
kim without any effect. Letters 
of the same date represeivt the 
meeting of the Luddites, the day 
before, on Cheadle Heath, to t^'e 
been held, not merely with a y]^ 
to the outrages which immediately 
ensued, but also for the purpose of 
arranging future operations .oo a 
larger scale. They were assendiJed 
by a party of weavers, the majority 
of whom had been iliscard^ for 
misconduct Several harangued the 

mob. 



CHRONICLE. 



5S 



moby and induced them, it is said, 
to elect a body of delegates to hold 
" a second Congress.'' They spoke 
of sending deputations to other 
tnannfacturing di^itrkts; and in 
the mean time, until the strength 
of their friends could be ascertained, 
they counselled their auditors to 
avoid contests with the military, 
and to conSne themselves to noctur- 
nal depredations. It is stated* tliat 
at this meeting, which tlicy deno- 
minated their " First Congres*;," 
they determined upon an immediate 
attack of the manufiictorv of 
Messrs. Bury and Co, but were 
prevented in consequence of its 
oeing gu.irded by soldiers. 

20. Manchester, — ^The works of 
Messrs. Daniel Burton and Sons, at 
Middleton, where machinery is 
psed in great perfection in printing 
calicoes, were atticked on Satur- 
day, by a numerous mob, who 
commenced their operations by the 
firing of mnsketry into the factory. 
Messrs. Burton being apprised of 
their intentions, had prepared for 
defence, and at the first volley five 
of the misguided rioters unhappily 
fell: several were wounded. This 
resolute conduct had the desired 
effect, and the rioters were dis- 
persed without further mischief. 

To-day large mobs having assem- 
bled at New Cross and at Knot- 
mill, they ciitered the shops and 
(oases, taking mcal^ flour, and 
{lotatoes, with every other article 
that fell in their way There is 
ilso a mob assembled at Middleton, 
ind in eirery other direction. The 
town is now in contusion, not 
ktiowing where it will end. At 
Bolton, and some miles round, the 
inhabitants are in great alarm. 

At Ecclcs all the shops are ^hut 



up \ the passengers and coachmat 
of the Livrrpool coach were stonec 
in passing througli. There are tw< 
of the coachrs filled with soldieri 
and ammunition, sent off to Mid 
dleton ; ther^^ not being a ^ufBcien 
number ofmilitary to dispel the mob 
2 1 . A shocking outrage was com 
mitted near BalLy pa trick. Whih 
the family of a farmer there, namet 
Patrick Kerfe, were asleep, the! 
d'Avlling-house was set on fire 
and the first communication of th( 
dreadful event was by the falUnj 
in of the* particles of the buminj 
tinib'.r. Keefe had^ some tim< 
back, gotten iron gratings to hi 
window.s, and a strong lock to hi 
door. Awaken<»d by the cry c 
'* Fire" from his wife, they boti 
jump<'d up, stud, in their agitatior 
lost the feA' moments that roigh 
have 83vt:d some of the family ii 
an ineffectual search for the kc| 
Mi-sing this, Kecfe reelected 
window through which he migh 
pass, and made for it, the burnin; 
timbers still frilling in upon them 
while lie was making this eflbrl 
his wife ran to bring some of thei 
children from an inner room, bu 
out of which neither she nor the 
came alive. Of a family of nin 
perM)ns, either in youth or mlddl 
life, within a few minutes, bu 
one was left to relate this horrii 
stt)ry. Keefe was removed to th 
lionso of Industry, dreadful! 
biirnod. The coroner's inqoef 
found, that eight persons came b 
their death by the house in whici 
tlicy were being maliciously set oi 
fire by some person or persons ud 
known. The High Sheriff, oi 
going to the House of Industry 
found Kecfe covered with uloen 
unattended; and no threat, no 

entreatjj 



60 



ANNUAL REG rSTER, 18U2. 



cntrerity, nothing of reward or 
punishment, was suffidcnt to pro- 
cure from thcbnrroundingsnvaj^-., 
a car to convey Keefo to Dublin. 
The Sheriff went for military 
assistance to the next station, and, 
•n his way, meeting a return car- 
riage from Ninc-Mile House, he 
made use of that to couvcy thr 
sufterer. 

21. RUfsin Yorkshire. — We have 
already given the particulars oi' the 
attack upon Mr. Cartwright's 
cloth-uiillj at Rawfords, about 
eight miles from Leed**, and now 
subjoin the sequel of the narrative 
of that sanguinary conflict, ex- 
tracted from the Leeds Mercury of 
Saturday last : — 

On the cessation of the firing, 
the ears of the guards were assail- 
ed with the cries of two unfortu- 
nate men, welicrine in their blood, 
and writhing under the torture of 
mortal wounds : — " r*»r (lud's 
sake/' cried one of thcni *' sh^jot 
m?? — put me out ot my misery !" — 
'•Oh!" cried the ctlicr, "help! 
help! — 1 know all, and will tdl 
all." On the arrival of a dct-ach- 
ment of the Queen's Bays, wliicii 
took place about an hour after the 
-it tack commenced, the men were 
reoooved on litters from the field to 
the Star Inn, at Roberttown, and 
medical aid was called in with all 
possible dispatch. One of them 
proved to be a cropper, named 
Samuel Hartley, formerly in the 
employment of Mr. Cartwriglit ; 
a young unmarried man, about 
twenty-four years of age, and a 
private in the Halifax Local Militia, 
in which' regiment Mr. Cartwright 
is a captain. The other was John 
Booth J a youth aboat ig, son of a 
clergyman in Craven, and appren- 
tice to Mr. Wright, of HudderE- 



field, tanner. H.irtlry had receiv- 
ed a shot in his left breast, appa- 
rently wliile making a blow at 
some part of the mill, which, pass- 
ing through his body, lodged be- 
neath the skin at the left shoulder, 
from whence it was extracted with 
.1 portion of bone. In this situa- 
tion he languished till about three 
on Monday morninp:, when he ex- 
pired. Booth's wound was in his 
leg, which was shattered almost to 
atoms ! it was found nercssarv to 
have the leg amputated, but, owing 
to extreme loss of blood before the 
suf-gcons arrived, spasms came on 
during the operation, and he died 
about six o'clock on Sunday morn- 
ing j having previously observed, 
that if he siiould recover, *' he 
would never be brouglit into such 
a scrape again." On Monday a 
coroner's inquest returned a ver- 
o\'—jtisf[H(if}ft: hofTTicidc, None of 
tJie wonnd^'d men, except Hartley 
nnJ Lcxuii, have yet been disco- 
vtrrd. 

On tiie morning after the en- 
gagement, a niMuljcr of hammers, 
axes, false LvVs ind pckh.:cks, with 
two masks, a j-o v ler-htira, and a 
b'.il.c-t-moiild, wtve Inuncl upon the 
field, which was sr:;ini»d in several 
places with blood : and it is evi- 
dent that many oiht^rs besides those 
left on the field were wounded^ ai 
traces of gore vAcre distinctly mark- 
ed in almost every direction, and 
in one place to the distance of four 
miles. Although the assailants 
exceeded an hundred, the numbeifs' 
opposed to them was very incoo^ 
siderable, and of that number one 
of the military conducted hirasetf 
in so unsoldierlike a manoerj tluit 
he was placed in confinement^ aaS' 
waits the issue ef a nsgiraeatal 
court-martial. 

24. A 



O^' " 



CHRONICLE. 



61 



24. A writ of inquiry was exe- 
cated at the Town-hall, Plymouth, 
by the special appointment of the 
Under Sheriff of Devon^ for ascer- 
taining the dnmages in an nction 
brought by Mrs. Benlley, wife of 
Corporal Bentlcy of the Royal 
Ularines, against LieutenAnt Gib- 
bons, late the commander of the 
Alphea schooner. The plaintiff 
was ordered to be fastened to a 
buoy, where she was left for some 
rime inanaost dangerous situation. 
The jury gave her a verdict for 

rool. 

We l<^arn by letters which were 
received in town yesterday from 
Manchcsier, that the vicinity of 
that town was become a continued 
sceoe of riot and outrage. It was 
hopedj that the death of the men 
'vho were killed in the att:)ck on 
Mr. Burton's factory, on Monday 
last, would have operated as a 
salutary warning to the rest of tlie 
rioters, and have been the means 
•f deterring them from atteinpiintj 
further mischief; but this was not 
the case: the I()s.s^they had suflfci- 
ed only stimulated them to scvk 
revenge. On the day following 
(Tuesday), the mob asserjl/l'-.i 
more numeroUily at Middit^tuii 
than ever; and notwithstanding 
the house of Mr. Emanuel Burton, 
who had conducted the dcf^^nce (if 
his father's premises the dav b::tcic, 
was defended by the miliury, it 
was attacked, and ultimate iy burnt 
to .the ground. The rioters were 
armed with guns^ pick-axes, r.nd 
scythes. About three o\Inck in 
the, aftemooD a reinforcement of 
cavalry was sent from Manchester, 
vhb^ immediately on their arrival, 
charged ilie rioters^ and cut down 
several of them. I'he oil ind;;- 
peodcDt c<3''p3 w.=)re to be cwlltd 



out, and other armed bodies were 
forming. 

Manchester, April 25 .^—'^ Since 
Tuesda}' we have bc»cn more peace- 
able here than was expected. The 
formation of a horse patrolc well 
armed, and the activity displayed 
in making extensive nightly cir- 
cuits round the town, have been of 
essential ser\'ire. In consequence 
of the proceedings of last Saturday^ 
it wns presumed that the farnlers 
would b(? very sparing of supplies 
for to- day's market. Pnnted no- 
tices were accordingly circulated 
in the neighbourhood and country, 
nisnring them, that every protec- 
tion, both by the civil and military 
power, would be afforded. The 
pairole, tlierefore, (about seventy 
or eighty.) assembled at half past 
five, and in parties, patroled all tbe 
roads leading to the town. There 
has not been the slightest disturb- 
ance hitherto. 

'l6. (.)n Friday afternoon, about 
four o'clock, a large lx)dy of riotets 
s.iddenly attacked ihe \vcaving fac- 
tf>ry, belongintj; t) Messrs. Wroe 
and Duncroft, at West Houghton, 
about thirteen miles from this 
ti.»wn ; of which, bi-in^ unprotect- 
ed, tiiey soon goL posst'ssion. They 
in.7Lantly set it on fire, and the 
wlu'lc of the buildinj/. with its va- 
luable machinery, ciuibrics, i:c. 
were eiUiicly de-it roycd. The 
building being exteiisive, the con- 
flagration was tremendous. The 
d:ima:;c sjstained is imsnense, the 
lactory alone having cost f5(XX)l. 
The reason assigned for this horrid 
act is. as at Middleton, • weaving 
by steam.* By tiiis di-cadful 
event, two worthy families have 
sustained a heavy and irreparable 
injur}', and a very couiiderable 
number of poor arc thrown out of 



62 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



employment. The rioters appear 
to level their vengeance againt all 
5pec"es of impri'vcmeiJl in ma- 
chmcrv. Mistaken men! — wh.-t 
Would ihiscouniry i'avv? b-^n\ v.itli- 
ont such improvfnicnts ? Nta nno 
of the incendiaries are taken, nur 
was there a soldier in that part of 
the countrv. 

17, Letters reiVivcd on Satur- 
day from Man»M;c-tcr, inform u*;, 
that Wednesday and Thursd.iy 
pa^srd over witlioiil any parlicnlnr 
outrage in thai place or the vici- 
nity; but that trniuiuillity was far 
from being restored. The rioters 
continued to liold noct'nna) nnot- 
iiigs ill the fields <l«.'vi'.'.iii^ ])ljns ot 
fa'sh tnmnk. 'I'hf o\' cntiv>n done 
among the riotvrs at Middlcron, on 
Tuesday, by the niilitary, is Ma'Ofl 
to have been ronsidvMaDly grcauT 
thanwasat first j>upposod. Anmr.bi*r 
of dead bodies Lad b; on found in 
the adjoining woods, and, adding 
those who died of their W(;M:;ds to 
the number killt-d on the spot, it 
is said that from twenty- five to 
thirty ot" the misguided po|)ulnie 
became the victims of their own 
folly and criminality. 

27. During the la*»t eight months 
(says an Austrian jotirnal) not fewer 
tJian 5000 Servian families have 
emigrated to Hun^^ary, — 20(X) from 
Botinia, besides great numbers of 
individuals froio Moldavia and 
Wallachia,— all io escape the ra- 
vages of war. 

30. Letter^ from tliflTcrent parts 
concur in stating, that the great 
tumults have subsided, but that 
shocking outrages are committed 
by small parties of depredators and 
assassins. 

jMr. CartWTight, who so bravely 
defended his property in Yoikshire^ 



has been fired at on three distinct 
occasioi.s^ but without doing him 
the slightest injury. 

Mr. Horsetail, a principal ma- 
nufacturer, was shot in the neigh- 
bourhood of Iluvidersfield by four 
men, who fired at him on Tuesday 
fveniog last, from behind a wall, 
as he was returning from Mau- 
tlicstcr market. 

The Ludwlites ha\e Lad the 
audacity to placard the streets 
of ISi()ti:ngliani in the night, otier- 
\v.Z a row ard for Mr. Wilson, the 
ni.ivor, d'.:3d or alive. He Lad 
Cv)iiuniiled no other offence than 
si'^ning the otll-r of rowaid of J300J. 
from the corporation of Notting- 
i)arn, lor tin: di>covery oi thi' as- 
sa-^ain who shot Mr. Trenthani. 
These infatuated men are said ac- 
tually to meet in the streets of 
Noitinc;ham, in small parties, in 
the d.iy-time, aiid triumphantly 
talk over their nightly depreda- 
tions. 

EiiTv thing was tranquil in 
Manchester on the 2()tb ult. The 
rioters were becoming mere ma- 
rauders. The local militia had as- 
seniblcd, and the public mind was 
more at ease 

30. *' Ma7iche^ter. — We are all 
quiet here at present^ but are 
anxious to see what may happen 
the next two or three days, as 
the general meeting of the .Lud- 
dites is said to be fixed for to- 
morrow, but the place we have yet 
to learn. The BUtoii rioters* com* 
mittoe, or rather the delegatesn &ad 
planned a secret meetingj at whicb 
some important matters were -to be 
di<;cu5sed. The fact becan^ Icn^o 
to the ofificcrs and police^ and it. was 
deemed expedient not to previ^tik 
from taking place. The cooie- 



CHllONrCLE. 



«9 



; Vds, that last night the 

iKSfeniblage, consUting of 
-6ve men. were (nken, toge- 
ith all their correspondence. 
1 h-js been apprcliended at 
, in attempting to seduce the 
lilitia, by offering five gai- 
innty, atul 1 5s. per week, to 
t wovild be t IV is ted in (the 
or swearing in). Many of 
egat^s are going roond the 
y on the same service " 
ouiils which Mi Mnnchester 
he post, state, that another 
ig manufactory had been 
down f and that a woman 
id offered to give evidence 
: some of the rioters, bad 
illed while the military were 
fig her to a magistrate to 
ler deposition.^. 

HiiTscfall, who was shot 
elsiud a wall by tour ruffians^ 
: vicinity of Huddersfield, 
!m ITiursday night of the 
s be received. A deputa- 
' fhe trade arrived in town 
tufday, to wait f>n Mr. Ry- 
id to consider of the means 

better security of their pcr- 
id property. 

( said to have been ascertain- 
elte magistracy, that a regu- 
anizdiion ha« com noe need in 

j>'aces, and even oaths of 
"ind secresy have been ad- 
ffco. 

rng fhe last week> not fewer 
f^Sn raiments proceeded to- 
titkMte and Lancashire, 
iilbteting of magistrates and 
kukig jS^ntry was held last 
It'^'Girlitle, which was nu- 
fhr iftttiid^d by the towns- 
-'wd wdrkhien. Some of 
Msi Sfoted, that in eonse- 
t^dlf Ac l&vprict of labonr, 
He GompcYled to perform 



twice the former qtiantity of worlr» 
and thas nearly double the quan* 
tity of goods was nianufnctured by 
the same number of bauds as other- 
wise would have been; that they 
had previously presented a petitioh 
to the magistrates for advance of 
wages ; and that, though promises 
of an advance had, on a recent oc- 
currence, been held out, these pro- 
mises were no longer regarded. 
L he meeting broke up without do- 
ing any thing. A deputation of 
weavers waited on Mr. Christian 
with a petition, in which were ab- 
stracts from two acts of Parlia- 
ment, asserting the power of the 
magistrates to regulate the price of 
mannfacturcrs' labour. Mr. Chris- 
tian promised them, that as soon 
as possible his fathir, Mr. Cor wen, 
would hold a meeting of the magis- 
trates, when tlieir petition should 
be duly considered. 

30. The Luddites at Not(in?»Iiam 
appear to have relinquished their 
system of frame-breaking, only to 
commit acts of mu<5h greater atro- 
city. Letters from thence^ received 
yesterday, mimiion llic tu! lowing 
outrage : — 

On Mondjy night List, about 
eleven o'clock, Mr. Treiuhaiu, of 
the house of Tr.nthain, llerney, 
and Mortoit, in the weaving tTade, 
was sv ay- l*id on ('.is rctiru home 
by two ruffian.^. Just as he was 
atxmt to step up to his door, one 
of them placed hi rn^rU before him," 
and, presenting a piDinl, shot him 
through the left brca<tt : the uvsas^ 
sins then made their escape. The 
report of fire-arms havinj^ broutrht 
the neighbours to the spot, surgi- 
cal a s»i stance wa» immediately 
procured, and the ball was ex- 
tmcted from the back^ a little be- 
low the left ?houlder. Mr. Tren- 



64 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



thani being sixty-three years of 
agej little Lope is entertained of 
bis recovery. Tlie corporalion of 
Nottingham have offered a reward 
of 500 1, for the discovery of the 
villains; and it i^ expected that 
government^ before whom the 
transaction has been laid^ will 
aiake a similar ofler. 

Grovernnient sent off yesterday 
reiaforcements to Nottingham, 
consisting of two rifle companies 
of the North York. 

30. Tlie Queen held a drawing- 
room at St. James's Palace. It 
being the first wliicb her Majesty 
has held since the king's birth -day 
in 1810^ and there having ban no 
court for the ladies during a lapse 
of nearly two years, great prepara- 
tions were mad« by the higher 
ranks for their appearance on this 
occasion. The public splendours 
of the court were iikewi-.e consi- 
derably inert: is ed on this revival 
of them, by ihr iiivitaticiis of the 
Prince Regent^ which were issued 
to the number ot 400, ton mairoi- 
l:.:ent eutcrtuinmtiit pvcn in tiie 
evening at Carlton-houH*, by his 
Royal Highness, to her Majesty, the 
princesses, and the nobility and 
gentry. The palace of St. James's 
and the vicinity bore ratlic; the 
appearance of the celebration of ii 
birth-day, than t!ie holding of a 
drawing-room in the usual man- 
ner. Parties of the Life Guards 
were stationed in the morning at 
all the avenues, and in the front of 
the palace, who, with the assist- 
ance of the police, preserved great 
regularity and order in the passing 
of tbe carriages and sedans to and 
firom the palace. At noon, Bond- 
streety St. James* s-street, and Pall- 
mall, were all in a biutle, thronged 
with toperb carriages, and elegant 



equipages, and the windows filled 
with spectators. All tbe arrange- 
ments resembled those for birtbr 
days \ and numbers of tickets were 
issued from the Lord Chamberlain's 
ofEce, for spectators in the anti- 
rooms, guard chamber, &c. Her 
Majesty, with the Princesses Au- 
gusta and Mary, left the queen's 
house about cue o'clock, and 
alighted at the duke of Cumber- 
land's apartments at St. James's, 
where they were received by his 
Royal Highness . Here her Majesty 
and the Princesses dressed, the 
royal jewels liaving been previous* 
ly brought thither from the Bank. 
Afler partaking of some refresh- 
inenls in the duKe's apartments, 
tl^ey prcx*eeded with a numerous 
train of attendants through tbe 
gallery and the bail-room, and en- 
tered the grand council-chamber, 
where her Miijcsty received the 
company, and the numerous per- 
sons who had the honour of being 
presented. 

The Prince Regent went from 
Carlfoii-house to St. James's pa- 
lace, and apper>red in full state, for 
the first linif niiice the establishment 
of the regency. The procession of 
his royal highness consisted ofthtec. 
cMrriagcs, drawn by two horses' 
each ; within them, his aides-de- 
cju;^j, pages of honour, &c. Tlic 
servants wore their state liveries,.^ 
and new state bats, adnrhedf with 
blue feathers. Then folldwed tte; 
state coach of his royal hlghittS«L^ 
drawn by six bays io snperli i«a^ 
morocco harness, decoramf'*^ilfir 
red ribands. On tbe sides 
carriage walked four state **i2ftii**iii 
I'he coachman and fonr'i 





Ntity 



CHRONICLE. 



65 



liform : he was cccom- 
y the dake of Moiiirosc 
3f the horse)j and lord 
Array (lord in waitinr;). 
:esaion was escorted by a 
the life guards, and ar- 
St. Jaines*s at half past 
larl Cholmondcley (lord 
, and the earl of Maccles- 
1 other officers of stale, 
the bottom of the grand 
for the Prince Regent, 
ictcd his Royal H igl i ness to 
council-chamber, where 
HighnGiS paid his respects 
al mother. He remained 
iwing n)om half an hovir. 
al highnesses the Princess 
, ^he Duchess of York, 
•8 of York, Clarence, 
oberland, Cambridge, and 
leir highnesses the Duke 
ster, and the Princess So- 
loucesier, and his serene 
iie Duke of Brunswick, 
present. 

ifc of a respectable far- 
village in the ncighbour- 
iverpoolj died a few dnys 
er melancholy circiini- 
About two j'L-ars ago, 
3 a quarrel with a female 
be young woman, after 
iC house, propagated a rc- 
an improper coiinfx'iion 
orae time subsisted bc- 
late mistress ai^d a msin 
ighbourhood. This ru- 
bed the cars of the hus- 
» look it so much to liciirt 
lifted his home, ar. n^- 
ned till a few \v<»rks 
^ wife was so affccttid by 
!9pi aqd^tbe cmse of il, 
dt'intb a decline, and on 
iid't return, was past re- 
^.earoestly solicited an 
If Ucb> liaving obtained, 

iv. 



she assured him, on the word of a 
dying person, that slic was entirely 
innocent. He believed her, and a 
reconciliation took place, but too 
late, as she died a few days after- 
wards. The young woman being 
threatened with a prosecution, con- 
fessed her guilt, and attejitc-d the 
innocence of her mistress and bos 
in consequence been excommuni- 
cated in the neigh booring churches. 

DescripioTt of^ the eruption of the 
Sou/frier viounlai/r, on Thursday 
nighty the 30M of April, 1812, />/ 
the is/ami of St. Vinceni. — The 
Sonflrier Mountain, tlie most 
nortliorly of the lofry chain run- 
ning through the centre of this is- 
land, and the highest of the whole, 
as computed by the most accurate 
survey that has been taken, had for 
sunie time past indicated much 
disquietude ; and from ;he extraor- 
dinary frequency and violence (»f 
earthquakes, which are calculated 
to have exceeded two hundred 
within the last year, portended some 
great movement or eruptioii. Th'.» 
apprehension, however, was not so 
immediate, as to restrain curiosity, 
or to prevent repeated visits to the 
crater, which of la!'.; had been 
more numerous t!)iin :»t ;ifiy Iltukm- 
pcTiod, iiSVAx up to Suiidyy last, the 
'likh of April, when some gentle- 
men p.Mxndfd It, :ipd remained 
tli«frr f.)r some lime. Nothing un- 
usual was then remirkeJ, or ar.v 
exU.-rnal diinr^nce observe'd, ex- 
cc{)t rathei- a stronger einiSMon of 
smoke fum the interstices of tlv 
conical hill, at tlie bc/Ltom tt the 
crater. To those whn have net 
visited thib romantic and wonderful 
spol, a slii;ht description of it, as it 
lately stood, is previously necessaiy 
and indispensable to fi.rm any con- 
ception of it, and to the better un - 

P dcr- 



m ANNU^t .filTOJ&'^R'l^ 1812. 



fbUowftj i^roo o9« living cui^ev 
p«ct t;o fieo it agaia in the perr 
fbctipn and beauty ju which it was 
on Simday, th« ^^t^ instant. 

About :^000 ^t^TQQi tbQ lev^ 
of the, fl^ (calcalating frooi. 4^n- 
jecture)> 00 the south sid^ of the 
mountain, and rather more than 
two-thirds of its height opens a clr- 
cMl^-chasm^ soxhewhat exceeding 
half a mile in diameter, and be- 
tween 4 or 500 feet in de^^h : ex- 
actly in. tJiie centre of th\» capacious 
bpwl, rpse a ^onica) hill about 260 
cr 300 &et in lieight> and about 
100 feet in diameter, richly cover- 
eil epd vanegated with shrubsi 
bnuhwoodj, acd vines, above half- 
way up, and for the remainder 
p«>wdered over with virgin sulphur 
to the top. From the fissjures in 
tbe cone and interstices of the 
ipcks, 9 tbiii white smoke was 
oopstant\y emitted, occasionally 
tiqged with a slight blueish flame. 
The precipitous sides of this mag- 
Qificent an^ihi theatre were fringed 
'frith various evergreens, and aro- 
fioaiic shrubs, flowers, and mar^ 
Alpine plants. On the north and 
«puth s^s of the base of the cone 
'Vi^ere two pieces of water, one per- 
i§rctly xmre and tasteless, the other 
stC9ngly inapregnated with sulphur 
zpd alum. Ihis lonely and beau- 
tiiiiL ^ot was rendered more en- 
chanting by the singularly melodi- 
ous notesof a bird,, an inhabitant pf 
tl^ese ^pper solitudes, and altoge- 
ther unknown to the other parts of 
Ibe Island : henc^ principally call- 
ed* or sujpiposed to be^ invisible^; 
though it certainly Jias been Hceu, 
and is a species of the in<7le. 
. ' A century had now elapsed since 
the last convulsion of the mountain, 
or since any jpther elem^ts tiad 



4tstttr^^ tbfrJcrciHty^e(f.^Uns^ 

d<^esa than tbofe wbpi ^ ^^^Ql^ 

mqn to the tropical ^ t<^p^ J^t 

apparently slumbered in ioii|Dfiv«l 

solitude aqd tranquUUt^^ ^mi 

iromthe loxurlant v^tatloa ^mi^ 

gcowth of t^e , forest w^idb co* 

vered its sic^s from the bane 

nearly to the summit, see^pad ip 

discountenance the^t, au^lblsi^ 

the reooc;ds of the ^ient volcabo. 

Such was the qaajest^c, peaccfql 

Souffirier 90 April the 2^th; but 

we trod pn " tgvm refosltimt a^ 

neri dcdoso" and ot^f imaginary 99^ 

ty was soon to be confoun^d' ligr 

the sudden ^danger of clevasta^ioQ. 

Just as the plantation bells x 

twelve at nopn on JVIoj^^ 

:i7tU, ai> abrupt anci dreadfuljp , ^ 

from the moiuit?^^, with, a. sexfR 

concussion of the earth, and tz^ 

mulous noise in the aitv. alxfOEK^ 

all asoupd it The resurriecdo^jf 

this fiery furnace was proclaiiOM 

in a moment by a vast-^lii^pi. 

thick, Wack, rc(pey >a¥>kg, iUi^c 

that of an immense ^l^s^o^iji^ 

bursting forth at onc^, ^ndoipu^ 

ing to the sky, ^owc^i^ io^ 

sand, with gatty c^TcincoJ. j«rj|j. 

des of earth.and liitiU^^mx^^^ 

all below. Tl^s driv^ i><B 

wind towards ,WaUU>oo^i»4 -r:/— 

Rondc^ darkened the ^r Uk^* a ^ 

taract of rain^ ;fnd,.<^oyerejl^t^ 

ridges, wood^;,^;^ c^^ 

wuh hght j^PK-c^ura mH^ 

sembhng SQP«^ Wfien.^jgi^byjf ^ 

vered by; dust.^/Aj8>isfai^ 
increase^, ib»s ^rjUflii^ f^^^ 

- expandedAstrpjrwsSYff^^ijpi 
ance of vc|e,t^ipff^ ,^i ma ^ 
very consi^r^Ie,i!^j^^|j(g^^ 

tion wa? ^'y^%m^^§^^ 

the. wter^ .^t ,ij. ^ .p^,fif^ 

ihat .tivfc y^^^Jf^^m^m^ 




CHRONICLE. 



W» 



ai^fiil' ieene prrsented itself on 
Toesday; the fall of favilla and 
cilcined pebbles still increasing, 
and the compact, pitchy coluiun 
from the crater rising perpendicu- 
larly to an immense height, with 
a noise at interraU like the mut- 
tering of distant thunder. On 
Wednesday the 2gth, all these 
menacing symptoms of horror and 
combustion still gathered more 
thick and terrific for miles around 
the dismal and half-obscured 
mountain. The prodigious co- 
lumn shot up with quicker mo- 
tioop dilating as it rose like a b.il- 
loon. Tbe sun appeared in total 
edfpse, and shed a meridian twi- 
lijg^ht over Hs^ that aggravated the 
wintry gloom of the scene, now 
completely powdered over with 
falling' particles. It was evident 
chat the crisis was as yet to come—- 
thtt the burning fluid wa^ strug- 
gth^ for a vent, and labouring to 
ihroir off the superincumbent 
stnta* Md obstructions which sup- 
prnseJ the ignivomons torrent. 
At night it was manifest that it 
had gr^tly disengaged itself from 
iCi bbrthf-n, by the appearance of 
file fltehing now and tben^ flak- 
hjffjifiove the mouth of the crater. 
Xhi Thursday, the memorjble 
2lplh of April, the reflection of the 
tttiDg'ifih on this majestic body of 
eHffea^i^potir was sublime beyond 
iibgf|wi(Sn-^liy comparison of 
dki ^lad^, of the Andes, or 
'^tUtMSxii with it, can but feebly 
<ib6^ art'i^ea of the fleecy white- 
iiadpiAd^brilliancy of this awful 
tetari^onntenningled and wreath- 
jillkabkefliBd clouds: it afterwards 
t otaire solphureous cast, 
lat >ve call tfauodsr-clonds, 
WiWHbVthe' course of the day a 
lHI|kttbbs atsd sangome t^ppeiir- 



ance, with much livelier action ia 
the ascent, a more extensive dila-' 
(ion, as if almi^st fri;ed from every ob^ 
struction. In the afternoon, i be noise 
was incessant, and resembled the 
approach of thunder still nearer 
nnd nearer, with a vibration, that 
aifected the ft^elings nud hearing: 
Ds yet there was no convulsive mo- 
tion, or sensible eariliquake. Ter*. 
ror and consternation- now seized 
all beholders. The Charraibs, set-^ 
tied at Morne Ronde, at the foot 
of the Soufi^'rier, abandoned their 
houses, with their live stock, and 
every tl)ing they possessed, and 
tied preci{)itatcly towards town. 
The negroe-i became confused, for- 
sook tlicir work, looked up to the 
mountain, and as it shqok, trem- 
bleii, uith the dread of what they- 
could neither understand or de-c 
scribe — the birds fell to the 
ground, overpowered with showen 
of favilla, unable to keep them- 
selves on the wjng; the cattle 
were starving for want of fbod^ 
as not a blade of grass or a leaf 
was now to be found \ the sea was 
much disroloured, but in no wise 
uncomtnonly agitated; and it ii 
renoarkable, that throughont the 
whole of this vioknt disturbance 
of the earth, it con'inued. quite 
passive, and oid not at any lime 
sympathise with the agitation' of 
the land. About four o'clock p. 
m. the Roise became more alarm- 
ing, and just bt^fore sun-set the 
clouds rc^eaed a- biif^ht copper- 
coloor. sutfusrd with fire.. Scarce- 
ly had the day. closed, when the 
flame burst a r length pyramidically 
from the crater, through the mats 
of smoke ; the rolling of the thun* 
der became more awful and deaf- 
ening: electric flashes quickly 
succeeded, attended with loud 
F 2 claps; 



«s 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



ci.ip.<( ; and now^ indeed, the hnr- 
ly burly began. Those only who 
have \vitnf*s-iod such a sighi, can 
form iKiv/ idea of the magnificence 
and varit'ty of the lightning and 
electric flashes ; some forked zig- 
zag playing across the perpendicu- 
Jar column from the crater- 
others shooting upwards from the 
mouth like rockets of the ino«t 
dazzling lustre— others like shells 
with their trailing fuses flying in 
difl'erent parabolas, with the most 
vivid scintillations from the dark 
sanguine column, which now seem- 
ed inflexible and immoveable by 
the wind. Shortly after 7 P* m. 
the mighty caldron was seen to 
•immer, and the ebullition of lava 
to break out on the N. W. side. 
This, immediately n tier boiling over 
the oritice, and flowing a short 
way, was opposed by the acclivity 
of a higher point of land, over 
vrhich it was impelled by the im- 
mense tide of liquified fire that 
drove it on, forming the figure 
V In grand illumination. Some- 
times, when the ebullition slack- 
ened, or was insufficient to urge it 
over the obstructing hill, it recoiled 
back, like a refluent billow from 
the rock, and then again rushed 
forward impelled by fresh supplies, 
and scaling e%'ery obstacle, carrying 
rr;cks and woods together, in its 
covirse down the slope of the 
mountain, until it precipitated it- 
aclf dnwn some %*ast ravine, con- 
cealed Irom our sight by the inter- 
vening ridges of Morne Runde. 
Vast globular luKlies of fire were 
seen prqjccteti from the fiery fur- 
nace, and bursting, fell back into 
it, or over it, on the surrounding 
bushes, which were instantly set 
io flames. About/our hours from 



the lava boiling over the en 
reached the sea, as we cot 
serve from the rcfleaion 
fire and the electric flashes 
ing it. About half-past oni 
ther stream of lava wa! 
descending to the eastward t 
Rabacca. The thunderin| 
of the mountain, and the vi 
of sound that had been so fc 
ble hitherto, now mingled 
sullen monotonous roar 
rolling lava, became so t 
that dismav was almost turn 
despair. At this time tl 
earthquake was felt: this w 
lowed by showersof cinders, i 
with the hissing noise of bail 
two hours. At thrre o*c! 
rolling on the rnofs of the 
indicated a fall of stones, 
Mjon thickened, and at leuT 
scended in a njin of intern 
tire, that thrt^atened at 01 
fate of Pompeii, or Hercul 
The crackling and com* 
from the crater at this per 
reeded all that had yet 
The eyes were struck wi' 
mcntary blindness, and tl 
stunned with the glomera 
sounds. People sought »b( 
crellars, under rocks, or any 
— tor every where was nca 
same ; and the miserable r 
flying from their huts, wiere 
ed down, or wounded; ahc 
killed iu the open air. 
houses we^-e set on file, 
estates situated in the inn 
vicinity seemed doomed to i 
tion. Had the stories tl 
been p-.-oportionably heavy \ 
size, not a living creatoR 
have escaped without death- 
having undergone a thoroc 
aioOj they were divested'^ 



(1 



CRR^OlftlCIiE* 



"^ 



-satmalgRMntyf and fell almost as 

i^;bi- aa pamcx, ttiough ia ooxnc 

places aa Jarge as a maft*s head. 

Tfala dreadful raiu of stones aod 

fire lasted upwards of an hour « and 

-wa^ again succeeded by cinders 

ftoin diree till six o'clock in the 

nwrnipg. Earthquake followed 

carthouake almoiit momentarily^ 

or rather the whole of this part of 

the ialand was io a state of cooti- 

nued osciilatioo $ — not agitated by 

ibocksy vertical oc horizontal j but 

undulated like water shaken in a 

bowL 

The break of day, if such it 
could be called^ was truly terrific. 
Darkness was only visible at eight 
o*clockf and the birth of May 
dawoed like the day of judgment : 
a cbaatic gloom enveloped the 
.mountain^ and an impenetrable 
haze imog over the sea, witli black 
sluggish clouds of a sulphureous 
cast* The whole island was co* 
vered with favilla, cinders, scoria, 
tifid broken masses of volcanic 
matter* It was not until the aflcr- 
.aooo th^ the muttering noise ef the 
Sioontain sunk gradually into a 
ademn yet suspicious si lence. Such 
were thir particulars of this sublime 
endireioendous sceue» from crun- 
menpemeni t(> catastrophe. 

'.Qif the effecti^ of this eruption 
the fi4lQwing aociHint is xjven in a 
^ea^ fimn the Speaker of tlie As- 
mJoif of St. Vincent's to the Co- 
Jmial Agent In Loudon. 
ljg?l£Hi.cuicestate, called Wallibou, 
^ )jpeward« and pn five more to 
u^wffd', tXj-Qs we speak here, in 
|}Ci»araib country, the earth is 
'.jippveced . with what I will 
asbea. firom .sin to .twelve 
L|ijaod.9n>on^ estate,: the walls 
ri^use fkll \n^ as it if 




snppoaed, frotn die efiectaof an 
earthquake. 

" Excepting the one estate to 
leeward, and those five to wind- 
ward, I do not believe the injury 
has been very great.* The aahea 
have fallen abundantly on two or 
three others, but, it is hoped, not 
enough materially to injure ^le 
soil ; this, however, as well as the 
effect where it is deeper, must be 
ascertained by eiperience. We 
have no data to jndge whether it 
be a mere caput mortunm, or if it 
contains the sources of vegetaliesr» 
if the latter, labour and industry 
may bring matters about) but. If 
the former, I do not knowTviut'lo 
say. So the rivers which tarn the 
mills on these estates, may lesume 
their courses ; but no humai» wl^ 
dom can do more than cQ uje cttfie 
on the subject. r.^i/ 

" The estates, from the Charaib 
boundary, and from Walliboil^UHPO 
not, as I understood, recoivcdaair 
injury; the.ashea fell- indeed ^rfco 
the extent of many miler atlitf^ 
fur after the great and heav3r'paft 
was deposited, the lighter :partifiea 
se9m to have been di^iersed in aU 
directions throughout the islandi; 
it has made a light thin crust abotit 
one -fourth or one-eighth of'afci 
inch thick, which we consider -4M 
doing more good than harm. - * 

" Only one white roan and 1 
believe forty or fi!ty negroes ha/ve 
been lust, and some magass housee^ 
negroe bouses, and other buildingi 
took fire, from the ignited atonei 
which were discharged to a consi- 
derable distance, and at certain pe- 
riods in great profiosion." 

The manner in which distant 
parts were afiected by this awful 
pheaomenoaisftrikingly described 

in 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 18H. 



in the followmg article from Bar- 
bados*, dale ' M-iy -id. 

•' Vcsirrday morning, at four 
o'clock, the atmosphere was per- 
fectly c .-»r and light ; but at six 
thick ci.uds had cohered the hon- 
zon» from ^^hc:lce iisued, in tor- 
rents like rain ai^d particles finer 
tl>an sand, \okanic matter; and <it 
eight it was as totally dark as we 
ever recollect to have seen the most 
stormy night. It then became ne- 
cessary to procure lights, not only 
in the dwellings ot families, hut 
lanterns were obliged to be used in 
passing from one part of the street 
to another. Oo the preceding 
night, it however seems, that ma- 
ny persons heard sounds like those 
which follow the discharging of 
cannon ; and some go so far as to 
nay, that they clearly observed the 
flashes to leeward of us, the same 
•R if vessels were engaged at sea : 
therefore, as these clouds came 
from the northward, it is much to 
be dreadedp that some one of the 
neighbouring islands has experi- 
■•nced the dismal ejects of a vol- 
canic eruption. This awful state 
of darkness continued until 20 
•niinatea past twelve at noon, when 
-the glimnierings of Heaven's light 
vfere gradually perceptible, and 
about one o'clock it was so far 
clear as to be compared with that 
elf about seven o'clock in the even- 
ing. The eruptive matter, iiow 
ever, stilJ continued, and, as was 
the case during the whole time of 
its descent, numerous flocks of 
exotic birds were heard warbling 
the melancholy Dote of rroaking, . 
■s if they were messengers of pnbt, 
or prrsfigcrs of future evil. We 
•ball, ft) common with our fellow- 
i«habitnnts^ feel extremely aouout 



for arrivals from the neighbc 
islands: should thew fortni 
have escaped any convulsion 
earth, this phenomenon will 
a subject of much philoso 
interest, and learned disci: 
To describe the fc^elings tba 
vaded the community durin 
aw fill period, is impossible 
far more easy to be conceive 



MAY. 

1. A young German q 
name of Rontgen, who lefi 
land about a twelvemonth sii 
Africa, in order to prosecu 
coveries in the inferior of 
country, has, we are sorry to 
been murdered by the Arab 
fore he had proceeded any 
distance from Mogadore; 
he spent some time porf 
himself in the Arabic Ian; 
He was a promising youn§ 
and an enthusiast in the ca 
which he was lost, and su] 
to understand Arabic bette 
most who have entered 4 
At an early age he formed tl 
of going to that country, an 
np his connexions in Gema 
prosecute his intentions, i 
ther was well known in E 
and raised himself from obi 
by his talent for noechaeics. 
since affirmed in the G 
papers, that he was not kilk 
has recovered of his wound 
intends proceeding on bit tr 

3. A shocking eircuntstai 
curred at Nottingham. Mi 
know, a respectable mervei 
fit of insanity, took away tl 
of two of his children, by 
ievering their headij.aod alti 

1 



CHBONICLE. 



71 



pltciiig^i-llMtol Ukbh iqoQth ter- 
miottd hif «wn «^steoce. The 
oldest WAS about seven yenrs of 
age, and the other only six 
tDoatbs. 

11* jfbfnssinatUn t>f Mr. Per* 
mpo/r— 'About a quarer pa<>t five 
Mr. Perceval was entering the 
)obby ^ the H<Hise of Commons, 
where « Bumher- of perttons were 
standing, when a man, who hnd a 
shorriTwer prevtoTisty* ptaced him- 
self in the recess of the door-way 
within the lobby, drew out a small 
puto]/ and shot Mr. Perceval in 
the lower part uf the left breast. 
The ball is supposed to have enter- 
ed the heart. Mr. Perceval moved 
ftrarards a iew faltering steps, 
nearly half way up the lobby, and 
was in the act of falling, when 
tome persona slept forward and 
cangbt hink He was ioimeJiately 
carried tirthe rt»m of the Speaker's 
Secretary, to the left of the lobby, 
b^:Mi« W. Smith, Mr. Bradsbaw, 
aed r piKAher gentleman. Mr. 
iiftm, the snrgeon, in Parliament- 
ftreet« was immediately sent for ; 
bat- vita eaamining the wound, he 
oa faikl ered the case utterly hope- 
kar. ' All that escaped Mr. Per- 
ceval'a Kps previously to falling in 
tlie-lQbby> was *' murder,*' or 
''jDurdered.*' He said no more 
afterwards. He expired in about 
ten! or twelve* minutes after rrceiv- 
iag • the -fiital wound. Several 
lBMber»' of both Houses of Par- 
Ihiiieiit went into. the room while 
Iw'wai ^dytng : among others, his 
bnCher^' L^ird Arden : all oflhem 
4y tifcjrfed grratly agitated. There 
."wm rVeiy Htde efiusion of blood 
Aaikivtlie^woDnd, externally. His 
fbdjFi wis aubsequently removed 
fipeaker'a house. Lord 
Osborne, Ijord OssuUton, 



and some .others, were creasing ibe 
lobby at the moment of the assassU 
nation, and wt^rc. very near to Mr. 
Perceval. The deed was perpe^ 
trated so suddenly, that the maa 
who fired the pistol was not in? 
stantiv rec(H';nized by those in the 
lobby ; but a person passing at the 
moment behind Mr. Percc^val, 
seized the pistol, (which waa i| 
very small one) from the hand of 
the assassin, who retirt-4 toward^ 
a bench to the left ; he surrender^ 
it without any resistance. Mf> 
Goodiff, an ofticer of the honse^ 
took hold of him, and asked ifbe 
were the villain who shot the oiir 
nistt^r. He replied, " 1 am t^ 
unhappy man }' but ap(>eared qu^p 
undisturbed. It is said, tha^h^ 
added something about the wai>t 
of redress of grievances from mioift- 
ters ; but if he did say so, it wif 
heard by very few. On searcbisig 
him, a few pounds were fiauEfl 
in his pockets, and some piiated 
papers, copies of which he is su^ 
to have previously distributed 
among members. He w^ .takq^ 
to the bar of the House of Coqir 
mons, and identUied as the a(»s#^sii|. 
Another pistol, similar to th^l 
which he had tired, was taken ikga^ 
h-s pocket in the house. A.11;^h^ 
doors of the house were, tl^iif^ 
locked, and he was conveyed i^ 
the private passage up stairs to t^^to 
of the apartments called ^he priaaa 
rooms, in the upper sttiry, ov^f 
the committer room«. HereJbe 
underwent an examination fyr 
some time, which was attended- b^ 
Aldermen Combe and Curtis, and 
by Mr. Read, Mr.ColqiihouH,.Mi:'. 
Tielding, and other magistratea^ 
and several members of >the House 
of Commons, Mr- Whitbread, ,Mr. 
Wynne, Mr. Stephen, Lord Cas- 

tlcreagh. 



7« ANNUAL krOI^TBRi 1812. 



ilfreagh, 'Mr. Sccrcttirf Ryder, &c. 
Mftdt an ^ratnimttioD of variom 
witoesdfc^; flitiort^ whom were 
hotdn Osfiiilstoh and Francis 0»- 
botn^, Genfetiir GascoTne^ Mr. 
tt. Snmifer, the officers v£ the 
house; and isevleral strangers, the 
tnan i^as folly dbmmltted to New- 
j^ate for tri^l. A backney-coach 
Mras bron|hc' to the iron gates in 
Isdwer Paraee-ytird J bot the crowd. 
Which 'Was at first composed of 
"dtH^ent people, had been gradoaHy 
'«wdlc4 by a concourse of pick- 
pockets ahd the lower orders, who 
itliOuntbd the coach, and were so 
exceedingly trooblesocne and even 
<)anfl;eTOus, that it was not deemed 
^▼mble to send him t30 Newgate 
Ifa the n^anner iritendcd. Rcpeat- 
ett'irilOuts of applaose were heard 
fl*6m the ignofwit or depraved part 
"of tfte crOwd^ as if they were hstil- 
)Hg tome oppressed bnt innocent 
'vrcadi; some of whom even at- 

*ttemptf*d to t)peit the opposite door 
or the touch, as if to give the mnr- 
S^et tin bpportuttity of escape. A 
^patty of Kttb Guards artir^ aboot 
tWs'titae; and^ formed a semicircle 
In' Bower l^alacc-yard, by which 
ihfe'tnob wfere'keotmoreat a dis- 
HSfCis. ft wds, however, thought 
iti6r?? ^mdent to send him away by 
'sfpMitt *ontlet, and so avoid all 

*" cbnfu^ibn. He was therefore taken 
ofhf by thrc Speaker's e&trance,'and 
cbitVeverf td Newgate. His name 
H'Btilingham. He has been en- 
■^jft^d in tnereamtile concerns at 
Ll5erpool,'and was recognised by 

* <}enerals Tarlcton and Oiscoyne, 
tife metnbers for that place. He 
isabotJt 5 feet 9 or 10 inches in 

■' height, with rather a thin visage, 
9 TiCAc somewbdt aqtrRiue, and of 

Ds^itti appearance. He has been 



"ti .^;' 



a^ood 'de«l*«bottt tM 
<3Dmnlons 4nldBg ik^se&wwwks^ 
ai>d dined several tisneaia Use 

ing the most part ^ the prbcsecU 
iBgs, arr iiir perfectly: <«to> Mid 
the appearance «f one -wilder no 
sort of agitation, but wih^ iMd de- 
Uberatriy and iSdll^ made «ip l^a 
mind to the utrociouv^ beluaft 
committed, and tke awlal ooiise- 
quenccs that woold efitiMi to- him- 
self. He observed to « - polkae 
officer, ader bis eommitsmeni^ that 
he k^w what bis crime was^and 
wbat its resbh-woM be. Hfi had 
lodgings in New MiUmao^ttreec 
tiear the Fotsw^n^ Hoa^ijUd^ His . 
landlady, who is a yomg pMom, 
with a &ffli]y, stated, tb*t be had 
been very servicejible to ber in tbe 
recovery of a child of brf^« wkiq^ 
had been mtsstng, and tbat he bad 
taken her yesterdaymovfitoc lo aoe 
the EnropeAn MusenoK' HctU^ 
tocompUin to her of -moo^diie 
to him, wbkh he was Wfongeda^ 
and wtthont getting wbldjA..b9 
mtsst be-arutned mam • - 

Pitrther pirtieulan rdammU 
the Murder ^ Mr. Ptrc€9ai.'^'*Ckk 
the examination of BetUn{^i«in.on 
Monday nigbtattheiHo^seof Com- 
mons, Gen. Gaseoyoe, Mr* Hvpoc, 
Lord Pnroeis CMbome, Mr.Cal^ 
home, and othertwere eaamiuod. 
The prisoner, on being aafcad 
wberher be had any tbii^ to aay 
to -their depositions^' slatedr tbat 
when General OasceyBo «oiaed 
him, be beld bkn wrn^ l» nucb 
violence, that hew«is'ap(>i«b4aaiva 
bts arm Wonld be broken, cmd'ibat 
he then said, *' yoo-need aotfirata 
me, I submit myself te;id8iieo." 
- A bamdie of papeta, bvoogbt 
iiiom the prisa£ter a lodgiaga^ ware 

Qlnaigaed. 



CHRONICLE. 



73 



oont^^nei to the charge of Xxrd 
Casllereaghj to be subiu'utcU to the 
Pri\'y Council. 

llie wituettes were then bound 
over to give ihcir evidexice before 
ihe graud jury, and thereafter at 
the Old £ailey^ in the event of a 
true biU being found against the 
prisoner. '' For the wilful murder of 
Ahc Bight Honourable Spencer 
Pcrcoval." 

The prisoner was asked, what he 
bad to say against the fact viith 
which he was charged, and cau- 
tioned by Sir John 1-iippeailey not 
to suy any thing that would be in- 
jurious to himself. 

1'he. prisoner spoke to the fol- 
lowing effect :— 

" 1 have admitted the fact— I 
admit the fact, but wish, with 
pcriaisaion, to stale something in 
my jnstificatiou. I have been de- 
uicd the redress of my grievances 
by government} 1 have bt-cn ill- 
tieaied. They all know who I am, 
and what I am, through the Secre- 
tary of State and Mr. Becket, with 
whom J have had frequent com- 
monications. They knew of this 
■faoC fiix weeks .ago, through the 
magiatrates of How-street. I was 
accused most wrongfully by a 
gocrcmor-general in Russia, in a 
letter from Archangel to Riga* aud 
have sought redress in vain. I am 
almost unfortunate man, and feel 
bare (placiog his hand on his 
.breast) fufficie^t justification for 
. vhut I have done." 
.....JjOfxlCastlereagh informed him, 
^ ihal.be was not then called on fur 
i.hk defufice, but merely lor what 
Jia:bad to urge in contradiction to 
thflk qh^rge. Any thing he might 
: »ffbl.de5iro&u of stating, in ex ten u- 
■} 3tioa pf his crinoe, be had better 
liXnK^c/or bis trial. 



The prisoner said, f* SiDce U 
seems best to you that I shodld not 
now explain the causes of my am« 
duct, J will leave it nntil the day 
of my trial, when my country wiU 
have an opportunity of judging 
whether I am right or wrong/* 

Upon being again questioned, be 
repeated, '* I admit the fact;** 
which admission was accordingly 
entered upon the record. The 
Bow-street otficers were called in» 
and the priKoner having been pei^ 
milted to ilress, was bandcafTcdhy 
Vickery and Adkins. Heiapplied 
for his money, which having been 
left in the possession of Mr. Bur- 
gess, who had withdrawn, Mr. 
Whitbread assured him he should 
have it returned to him in the 
morning. He also asked whether 
he should be allowed an attorney 
and counsel ? when Mr. Whit- 
bread signified to him that Air. 
Cumbe would take care that every 
neccsbary indulgence should, be 
allowed him, consistent with Jut 
situation. In no part of the pCD- 
ceeding did he betray extreme 
agitation , but at the moment that 
one of the witnesses said, " I sup- 
ported Mr. Perceval into the Secre- 
tary's room, and in a few mlnntes 
he died in my arms/' the prisonei: 
shed tears, and seemed much affect- 
ed. The pistol with which . the 
act was perpetrated ia. a small 
pocket pistol, about, six inches 
long, the barrel rather better than 
two inches in length, with the oock 
on the top^ and a stop to the trigger. 
The calibre is nearly half an inch 
in diameter, and the barrel very 
strong. The pistol taken from his 
breeches pocket was primed^ and 
loaded with one ball. 

Before the arrival of the life 
Guards he was re^conducted to the 

prison- 



74 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



pnaon-nx)m» where he found much 
fault with V^ickery^ the officer, for 
having inquin-d from some female 
flonKtbing relative to his piivare 
afifairs. 1 le calmly said, he knew 
the con^equeucc of the ace he had 
committed, which he did not con- 
sider of a private nature. On 
Vickery's answering, that he had 
only spoken in general ternosto the 
female, and she told him she had 
JD her possession a memorandum 
of 20l. due by a IvTr. Wilson to 
him» the prisoner, in the mo.<»t 
unconcerned manner, rL'plieJ, he 
knew what it was^ it was a bill 
that he expected would have been 
.paid next day, at half-past nine 
o'clock. He did not talk at all in- 
coherently, except on the subject 
of assassination: respecting that 
deed, he said, thnt he expected to 
■be brought before n tribunal where 
ample ju'-tice would be done to 
him; and that he expected to be 
liberated, and ultimnuiy to have 
his cbiims satisfied. 

He was conveyed to the Secre- 
tary of State's office fur the home 
department, where he was placed 
in a room, in which he walked 
nearly the whole time. On liie 
breaking np of the Council he was 
sent to Newgate. His eommit- 
ment was signcril by Michael An- 
gtlo Taylcr, Esq. M. P. who ac- 
companied liim in the coach to 
Newgate, where he was double 
ironed. He has been perfectly 
^alni and collcrcted since his impri- 
lK>nment. His time yesterday 
Qiorning wa.'i employed in writiiig 
• letier to a friend at Liverpool, 
which consisted of three sides of a 
jquarto sheet of paper, written with 
apparent correctness ; a space pur- 
posely being left for the wafer, so 
tbit the letter might be opened 



without the writing being def 
This has been sent to Mr. R3 
oifice. He >tates that he dre^ 
pi.-irol from his right hand bre< 
pocket. He has made parti 
in(]uiry of the keeper as to 
direction the bail took. 1 
asked if there was any other p 
close to him wheti he fired, a 
tween him and Mr. Perceva 
replied, tlierc was none, c 
should have been fearful of fir 
This wretched man is stat 
be a native of St. Neot's, in I- 
ingdonshire, and aged 42 yeai 
is added, that he was brough 
in a counting-house in Lon 
and some years aeo wont to > 
angel, where he lived with a 
sian merchant, in whose em 
ment as clerk, he continued 
years. Havinic formed a conn 
wuh a Mr. Horbecker, ir 
timber line, he returned to 
land in order to seek a contra 
the supply of timber j aud er 
into considerable enuaiicnienli 
the merchants of Hull. Ships 
in consequence sent out to j 
angel to brin^i home cargoes 
Mr. Borbecke r having mean 
becon »e n u j n k rn pt, the vewM 
turned in bi^lbst. Belling 
who srill rcmaineil at Hullj 
arre<!tcd, and thrown into p 
by the disappointed me rcbant 
the non-fulfilment of the con' 
and during his confinemen 
soon afterwnnU, he wrote 11 
phlrt with the intent of ridic 
the merchants of Hull. Oi 
recovery of his liberty he proc 
again to Archangeh where Y 
tered into varioun spectifa 
which ended in bt*i involving 
s^If in still mureBumeroua.du 
ties. He was there iMvy trc 
some to tlie government, ;.ac: 



CHRONICLE. 



75 



iDihem nmBorial after roemorial^ 
en sobjecu relative to his private 
caocemt; and he, moreover, ge« 
aerally, conducted himself with so 
nmch passioiiy that at \tugth he 
was sent to prison, where he re- 
mained a considcnble time ; claim* 
log, in vain, the protection of ibe 
BritiiKh minister, who, indeed, 
could render him no assistance. 
Tlie term of his confinement hav. 
isg expired, Eellingham repaired 
to England full of complaints 
•gainst the Ra^sian government. 
He married in London, bat took 
up his abode at Liverpool. He 
commenced the business of an in- 
iOTanoe broker, wfail-^t Ims wife 
pmiued that of a milliner . He 
cominoed at intervals to present 
mccSMrials to the British govern- 
Hient on the subject of his diiims ; 
bot these were concerns with m liich 
coremmeot had nothing to do. 
¥or the last few weeks he has been 
in attendance about the House of 
Commons; and a short time ago 
be addressed, to sevt-ral members of 
the bouse, a printed statement of 
bis grievances, requesting their in- 
terference in his behalf. Jt is said, 
that bis last appHcaiion to govtrn- 
nient no his affairs, was made on 
Monday morning, when ho rr-- 
ceived a repulsive answer, which 
i» supposed to have confirmed him 
itt lutt dark and bloody purpose. 

Bellingbam was brought to his 
Isialy the courts being sitting, on 
Ihe 15th, when, there being no 
idlffiaUty in proving the H^cx, he 
without hesitation, brought 
guilty.. Tlicre was a slight 
attempt to prove him insane; but 
•seept hit persuasion that what he 
k|d conmiitted wa<i peifrctly jus- 
4ifiabie, and an apparent expecta- 
tbBl,the act would be so con- 



sidered on hit trial, no other ftiaifa 
of an alienated mind could be 
adduced. 

His execution took place on the 
18th before Newgate. He pie- 
pared for his fite with great com- 
posure by the ubu»1 religious eae]N> 
cises, aitd during the whole scene 
manifested an extraordinary degree 
of firmness and self-poisesiioD. He 
denied that he had any accomplices 
in the deed (as indee<1 there ct-idd 
be no BDspicion of this kind), and 
persisted to tht^ very last in refuf* 
ing to express any contrition fot 
his crime. Hisbeha\iour on the 
whole was huch as apparently 1^ 
render him, in his last rmmenti, 
rather an object of interest tlKin of 
detestation. The whole pasaed 
without any tumult or aocidentr 

1 2". DisfitrlaTKPs vt the Counifp, 
-*Tlie rioters hine lately, in some 
parts, entered houses by nighty* m 
parties of 20 or 30, for thepurpoib 
of procuring arms. Two mofeae* 
ten)pt.s at ussassi nation have been 
mndc, chough happily without 
success. It is said, that just b^ 
fore these riots broke out, several 
persons, known to be united Irislu 
men, arrivrd in the manufecturing 
district f» from Irel;ind, for the poit- 
pcse of binding the rioters together 
by ciths. 

At Leeds, on the 8th of May, 
the family of Colonel  CHmpbeU, 
commiftnding officer of tbe Leeds 
district, was thrown into serioM 
alarm: between 10 and 11 o^cldck 
at night, two men, whose voieea 
.were distinctly heard, placed thetil- 
selves in a plantation behind th<i 
colonrrs hort'^e, at Woodhouse, 
about a mile from Leeds, and d»« 
charged two miukels in the dineo* 
tion of the guard room, jasi at the 
moment wheit two Hussars wefe 

rnteiing 



75 ANNUAL JlIXMSTBIt, 1818. 



cnteHng the coarf, bat the treet 

imtntfeptcd the shots* The scnti- 
ndi went in parsnit of the offeO'* 
ikns, htrt thef escaped ander the 
t!Dver ef night. In the absence dt 
fhe^rnard^ and just as the colonel's 
Jbnj accompanied by a soldier, was 
burning the s^uth^east corner of 
Ifae house; four or five men were 
^e^serv^ tt> collect in fronts and 
^tne of them discharged another 
ynisk^t^ bat the shot passed with- 
Mt ^olng dny mischief. Soon after 
>^' ^rirtg^ the colonel, who had 
%eefl tynmiTitar)r dnties, drove into 
^e eourt, and having strength'^ 
«md'the goard, the night passed 
li^lthotit mrther molestation. 
-> At Haddersfield the Luddites 
;i0i^ere ttry active id collecting arms 
ilist M^ttk, atkl have been too suc- 
#nMfid. They proceeded to peo- 
f^e^s hous^, in the townships of 
IAlm6nbary, Wooldalc, Parnley, 
f^therthobg, Mcltham, Honley, 
MdMarsderi, and many other places 
iH' the neighbourhood ; they enter- 
ed the houses bv about 20 or 30 in 
sfg^tig^ andtiemanded all the arms 
§h the boute, on pain of instant 
ffctittij' By tfab means they have 
^Mb^h^ed possession of upwards of 
^iSO staptl of arms, and not one 
i^^ has passed without some 
irrns" having been so taken. To 
iS^tc^n ihii alarming evil. Major 
0Gfrdon has' obtained possession of 
ilOOslattd of arms from theinha- 
WtMtAs m the neighbourhood ) the 
MlitaTy trt in this manner daily 
Mfdo/ed in collecting arms, but 
rtf^ have not yet discovered the 

fp6t 6f the Luddites. 
1 5. The frtcnds of humanity will 
be happy to lean from the supple* 
iderrt to the Buenos Ayres Gazette 
JF Kfsy 15, that ik representation 
Kid betm ch^e by the Cabildo to 



the Omuim, dbl •Uhontf; Aft 

evil of skvery cannot be ritSisbed - 
at once without iafihamxigj .ti» 
rights of > property, a^ -^^^ 
loose on soae^ a sef of pe^pti^dir' 
bised by their abject sitnatsoo* ^ 
that it was time to attack th^AosB 
at the ^ntain head» and«io| only 
do justice to the AfHcans^ bat le* 
move a source of corraption andli 
bar to industx^ from.tbi iMoif^ 
cans : it therefore proposed to n* 
vernmentlo abolish the slave trad^ 
The result was the following i^ 
cree of government >— 

'* Conformably tq the rights xjf 
humanity, therepresentatiodsof thij^ 
respectable authorities of this (Sjk 
pital, and the Ftberal priodplfi 
proclaimed, and defended iwith 
valour and eoeiigy by the umtejl 
provinces of the Rio de la Platv^-* 
the govemoient^ on the 9tb,^ 
April last, made the foUowiog dcp 
cree, which, by this« is otdereci t& 
be published. 

'^ Artide 1. The importation of 
cargoes of slaves b absolutely pior 
hibited in the territory of . the 
united provinces* . : . « 

'• Art 2. Tbecar|;o^.th»tmaf 
arrive within one yean fixwutfa^ 
25 th of May next, ahail be onje^ 
ed to leave our ports hiiUDjq^ 
atcly. . { 

" Art. 3, At the esyiiratioiii.of 
the year, the ships acid w^ak^f 
that description that iiia^,arnv<^ oo 
our coasts^ sh9ll be qon&K:al<^ 
the slaves on board' ^T^ 4<^pl^!] 
be free, and governiipeii^ ^j 
cdre of putti«^g thcni tof^iuj ^ 
cupations, .  / .1 /4. 

'' Art, 4. An the authcm^rf 
the state are strUt^y ciprgcd.ii4ffi 
the ob$ervance aii4 ^^^^ti^Qg^^ 

published, c♦«'c^latJc4,^^^|^l|^^ 



CHRONICLE.' 



yy 



fa fhiB Secretary of State's 
tffibe. 

(Signed) 
Feliciano Antonio Chtclana, 

BSHNARDINO Dl ReVADAVIA^ 

Nicolas Herreka» Secretary.'* 
•' Boenos Ayres, May 15, 1812. 
18. Lass of the Irlam, — On Sun- 
day momiDg last^ the weather 
being thick and hazy^ the ship 
Irlam (letter of marque), from 
'Barbadoesto Liverpool, laden with 
sugar and cotton, and having on 
iKiard part of the skeleton of the 
l6th regiment of foot, commanded 
by Captain Hall, consisting of 10 
officers, and 62 rank and file, and 
32 Women and children, struck on 
Tuscar rock; the unhappy sufferers 
bad but just time to get into the 
boats, some half-dressed, others 
almost naked, when she filled with 
water, and in a short time went to 
pieces. The only meaus by which 
the' passengers and crew could 
save their lives was to seek refuge 
on the rock, which was almo:;t in- 
accessible at that side, the summit 
being not less than 30 feet from 
the Burfare of the water. This 
tfiey were enabled to accomplish 
with the assistance of a number of 
tnen, (providentially there for the 
patpose of laying the foundation 
of a light-hcuse), who effected the 
^sk' by drvwing the men up from 
t1&#^ boats^ one by one, with a 
iifpi fsstened round the waist, and 

K * Lcing the children in a bag qpadc 
t Co the end of the rope. At 
{bil time a brig hove in sight, and 
VSf'tXh when seven of the ofGcers ; 
the ladies, tlie master, and a num- 
faff of the sailors and soldiersj were 
ddnWyed on board, by the frequent 
mArhSng of the boat. During 
mlj'it faeffan to blow with in- 
'^iSSaak viuence^ and the vessel 



was compelled to get nnder weig^^ 
leaving on the rock three officers^ 
\6 privates, one woman, the mat^ 
and 12 seamen^ who^ after zen^aisi* 
ing there for two days and nighCa, 
were on Monday evening broogliC 
to Wexford. The officers Cut 
property to a considerable ainoant. 
One gentleman had plate on boiifd 
worth 300L The mate lost a b« 
containing 200 guineas, the^frnit of 
many years io\\.''^(lVcxfird Jw,) 

20. This aflernoon a violent 
hail-storm was ezpericnocd nt 
Stratton-park, Hants, the seat of 
Sir Thomas Baring, which waa 
attended with thunder and lig^i|- 
ning; the hail-stones were nna- 
sually large, many of them bei^g 
three inches in circumferencp. 
and in a few minutes no less Uim 
1050 squares of glass were brokcii 
in the hot-house and cucurobfr 
and melon frames: all the froit 
an^ plants being laid waste. Mw^igr 
panes in the windows of the man- 
sion were also broken. 

21 A tempest of thunder, light- 
ning, and rain, was felt throqgb'aa 
extensive district, eastward ix^xtn 
Bedford, as far as Wisbech aa4 
some parts of Norfolk. Two 
horses were killed b)*' the ligbtm^g 
near Wisbech : and at Witch^mi 
(in the Isle) a barn full of wh^ 
and a bean -stack were set fire fn 
and consumed, llie same day^ 
about noon, a tremendous storoi 
of rain, accompanied with thunder 
and lightning, came on at Shepton 
Mallet, Somerset«<!.ire, and colitt'* 
nued falling in torrents fur abbot 
an hour. In about a qiiarter of 
an hour afterwards, either from 
the water running firom the hilli| 
or, as it is conjectured, from ibja 
bursting of a thunder cloud pr 
water-spout upon a hill a little to 



76 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



Ihe eastward of the town, from 
which the wnter descended in tor- 
rents, the lower p^rt of the town 
vas compScCel/ inuuJated Vr-ry 
serious losjics have been sU'itainrd : 
and the poor people, whose; houses 
lay near tlie rivrr arc .ilnh»iit r.in- 
ed, the greatest pari of th</ir goods 
being carried away. A iil>eral 
subscription for their rciitf has 
been raised amongst the principal 
inhabitants. 

23. LiCttcrs wcic received yester- 
d^y from Manchester, u hich cum- 
municate the nnj.UM^aiv. ii;Tol!i- 
gence, that during the lad few 
days several violent outrages have 
been committed by the Luddites. 
No fewer than three persons had 
been shot in ditTereot parts of the 
country, without any discove.ry or 
even suspicion of the nmrdere.rs. 
Besides these ntrocities, a gentle- 
nan, obnoxious to the hatred of 
the Luddites, was attacked in a 
lane, in the middle of the day, by 
several men who were stranger's 
to him : after receiving a violent 
blow on the head with a large 
stone, he had the good fortune to 
escape by the swiftness of his 
faorse. A working man, who had 
been mistaken for another person 
that bad given information against 
Ihe Luddites, was taken to a coal- 
pit with an intent of precipitating 
Biai to the bottom, when it was 
discoTcred that he was not the 
xaan whom the assailants were in 
^ifest of; and in consequence he 
waa sufiered to depart, without 
iiostaining any injuiy. All possi- 
ble means have been tried to in- 
duce -the Luddites in prison to 
dimlge the whole extent of their 
fitoa, and to impeach their riog- 
fcidera^ but trtthont effect. Some 
btfp'^'boea promised protoctioo. 



and a competency for life, but to 
no purpose. 

On May 24 a special commission 
for the trial of the rioters in 
CUv shire was opened by Judge 
Dallas nt Chester : the trials began 
on the 26th, and on the :K)ih, 
the court tin ally bnjke up, the 
judge having passed the following 
sentences, viz: — 

Colli n Linden, James Wilson, 
alias Roach, Forster Roach, James 
Bfiinett, Richard Wood, James 
Tonilinson, and William Thomp- 
son, tor obtaining monev contrary 
U) the King*s peace, from John 
Parker, Esq ; Richard Lowndes, 
Ji^mes Torkington, and John Hen- 
shall, for rioting at Pownall Fee 
and Styall, and obtaining several 
sums of money with force and vio- 
lence ; Jos. Thompion, for enter- 
ing the dwelling-house of J. 
Goodair, at Edgeley, and stedlisg 
thereout silver spcx>ns and other 
articles, and also setting fire to 
the same; W. Grecnough, for 
entering the shop of Alice Berry, 
at Tintwisle, and taking sway a 
quantity of flour ; James Cross* 
land, for threatening the life of 
Robert Thorniley, a manufacturer 
at Tintwisle, and breaking and de- 
stroying his tools ; John Temple, 
for breaking and entering the 
dwelling-house of Sam'oel 'Wsig- 
staff, and stealing five silVer te-i 
spoons and other articW; and 
John Heywnod, for riotously as- 
sembling and breaking thefactoi^ 
of Messrs, Sidebotham, and break- 
ing and destroying a tnachiiii', 
received sentence of death'. 

Eight were ordered to be'tfn^4 
ported for setcD years.  • • * 

John Jackson, V^iNiara Sffotfef 
and Thomas Llvesley; for ikrttttif 
MtemUiog rad nimiiiriui^^' vne- 

t&r 



;'CHRONtCL,E. 



f • 



79 



! 2yfaccleificid upwards of an 
ifier proclniuation had beeu 
U) filiftpersc.- The two furmer 
impfUuned ihree years, tl>e 
oue year. 

tqiias Whitaker was convicted 
: evidence of one Pjirnell. of 
istering an unlawful oath to 

2^, in which they entered 
solemn obligation to destroy 
4ooa)s, &c. Whitaker was 
ced to seven years trans- 
ion. 

lordship passed the awful 
ent of death upon sixteen -, 
Q a roost iraiTesiiive address, 
at not the smallest hope of 
*■ Only five however were 
r execution. 

A lamentable accident hap* 
,]ast week in a coal-mine at 
y near Liverpool. The work- 
lad been warned not taap- 
I. a cerialn part with fire or 
DO( withstanding which, onr. 
OD entered it with u lighted 
', when a treroendoui^ ex- 
D took pbcQ, by which all in 
ait of the mine, consisting of 
Doco and one woman, lost 
ivcs. 

,^lie Carlisle Journal states, 
URMlt and disorder at present 
led in tliat neighbourhood, 
neater extent than at any 
Ciiice the disturbances first 
,^t It enumerates a varie- 
M^.gcs. Even the asylum 
jrjocu; was not spared by 
pi^^crs. Op Monday night 
jitfiftiousa. of St. Cmhbert*ft 

iSli* 1?^^^^^ l>y one of the 
m$,^jfpd a quantity of bacon 
iq|j|'()ik«a aw^d-^Tbe Lei-ds 
nyi,- the; arms-stealing 
{^4lipe«ailsi^ the vicinity 




J/cy 36. — . Ye«tcvda7rQ<M>oC (iw 
most terrible accidwUi. qq reppnE|» 
[» the history of collieries, tfto^ 
place at Felling, n^ar Gatesheadfe 
Dviriiani, in the mine belonging to 

Brandling, Esq. tbp meipbcut 

for this place, which was the admi- 
ration of the district for the.cptcfll- 
lence of its ventilation andtarraoga^ 
mcnts. Nearly tl^e v:hohto£)ih% 
workmen A'ere beloWi the aeooii4 
set having gone down before tb^ 
first came np, when a doubk bbut 
of hydrogen gas toQk place, ainl 
set the mine on fire, ibrcing ,-pp 
such a volume of smoke as darlq^i!*. 
ed the air to a considerable di#-) 
tance, and scattered an ioiHiouitf 
quantity of small coal Oom th4 
upper shaft. In the calamity ^^ 9^ 
men and boyii perished, the ffin 
mains of HO of whom are sti)} 
iu the mine, which continues UQ^ 
approachable. Meetings are. to 
be cdlWd at Newcastle, a^id tbi 
neighbourhood, to rai^e subscrip* 
tions for the widows and orphans 
of the sufleFers. ^« 

28. Uncoiu,'^ A storm caqa^ 
on here in the afternor>n, wUidi 
was uncommonly severe, and •li#a 
been attended with very fatal Cfii^ 
sequencer in this neighboorbowh 
At Southray, a village three n^m 
from Bardney, three boy^.. mm 
killed by the lightning, naaoelyi 
John East and Kicl^rd Pasl^ s^p^ 
12 years, and Levi Day, Aff<^pr|b 
Thry were tending geese, in -cQ^h 
pany with another, named :ChaF|cf 
Blakey, about the same age, w^p 
cscipi'd in a most prgvideo^^ 
manner. They were in a fielii 
near liome, and, when the storoi 
approa hcd^ retired to a bove!> 
Hcie ihey sat down oo thegrouodif 
Blakey having two companions, oa. 

one side, raiid.ap^ pn j^;odiqr< 

How 



80 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



How long they had been in the 
hovel, is unknown to him> but, in 
a moment, he became alarmed. 
He jum^ied up in a fright, saying, 
*' Come, boys, let us go home; we 
shall all be killed in tliis place.*' 
His companions did not speak, 
and he ran home, where he in- 
formed his mother, he thought his 
companions were all killed by tiie 
lightning, as they did not speak or 
stir. Several of tiie neighbours 
vent to the place immediately, and 
there found them all lying dead. 
The lightning fell on their heads, 
and ran down their bodies, burning 
their necks, shoulders, and breasts, 
in a dreadful manner, causing ma- 
ny large brown sores. Blakey was 
hurt on the right arm and thigh, 
having a place on each scorched 
nearly as large as a half ciown. 
A dog was in the hovel, and re- 
ceived no injury. Two of their 
shirts were burned, but the out- 
ward garments were not damaged. 
29. Theuniversity of Cambridge 
was thrown into great consterna- 
tion, by the appearance of fire 
in one of the apartments of Trinity 
Cdlege, at nine o'clock in the 
evening; it was, however, ex- 
tinguished without damaging any 
other part of the building. There 
had been no fire or light in the 
apartment for the previous twenty- 
four hours ; and this is the third 
or fourth instance of fire breaking 
out in different colleges of this 
University, without any discover- 
able cause. Much serious investi- 
gation has consequently taken 
.place, but hitherto witiiont effect. 



JUNE. 
1. Tl^ Installation of the 



Knights lately added to the Order 
of the Bath, took place in the usual 
form. Early in the morning several 
troops of the horse guards were post- 
ed in detachments in the avenues 
leading to Westminster Abbey. Par- 
ties of the foot guards were posted 
within the Abbey, and every prepa- 
ration suited to the occasion was 
made. At about ten o'clock the per- 
sons connected with the ceremony 
met in the House of Lords, and at 
clcvt^n the procession commenced 
in the following order : — 
Six ushers, with wands. 
The drums of his Majesty's 
household. 
The seijeant trumpeter, with his 

mace. 
Squires of the knights elect. 
Knights elect, and tlie proxies of 
those who were absent ; wear- 
ing the surcoat, and girt with 
the sword of the order ; cany* 
ing the mantle on the right arm, 
and bareheaded. 
The squires of the knights* com- 
panions, wearing black velvet 
caps. 
The knights* companions^ in their 

full costume. 
The Duke of York, as grand mas- 
ter, attended by his Aide»^le- 
camp in uniform. 
The pursuivants and Javelin men, 
closing the procession. 
The procession moved under a 
temporary boarded covering from 
the Prince's Chamber to die soatfa- 
eait door of the Abbey, passed 
down the aisle, crossed hy the 
west-end, and then turned tbiM^ 
the great transept of the Abb^ to 
Heniy the Seventh's Chapd, where 
the ceremony was gone thiaagh in 
the usual manner. 

Temporary ranges of seali' ^tA 
been erected among the aaiam 

menti. 



CHRONICLE. 



SP 



and' thej vere filled «ft& 
IDC and well-dressed fe- 
Ac the wr8t-cnd of the 
ndat the back of the orgfin, 
Disries were erected for the 
of the dean and chapter, 
ladies of distinctiun. 
he close of the ceremony^ 
oetsiori returned in the same 
I before, the ae^ly created 
s wearing their hats and 
 

Otder df the Bath is now 
■d to fifty Knights, includ- 
iireign and the Grand Mhs- 
rfae' rfomber installed was 
-three, as follow : — 
Ion. Sir Arthar Paget 
iri of Wellington 
ir Geo. James Ludlow 
idet Hood, bart. 
^forthesk 

btrdJohn Strachan, bart. 
ir A. Forrester Cochrane 
b Stuart, Count of Maida 
lip Francis 
Hilaiio Barlow, bart. 
It Sfrangford 
tard Gksodwin Keats 
^Beckwith 
rid Baird 
Ifr Mintlrtpe 
Ikt Spencer 
ocfarane 

ikCope Sherbrooke 
B.CarrBercsford 
Sen^l Graham 
Kncral Rowland Hill 
Rnf. Str S^m. Auehmuty 
Itffi^Henry Wellesley, am- 
iklAflrSpain. 

jMtMR antiquarians attend* 
^ ]^ft8lg Of several bar- 
Mttlred^&bmit a mile to the 
MtfW^ village of Rotting- 
tmimberof tims were found; 
JI^ M Wft fc * supposfed - to be 
frntduMdifih wtio fitd 
iUV. 



lallen in battle A&tit 2000 yfMV 
ago; but no corns w^r4»-dlseo\Wetf^* ^ 

3. Yesterday morning, tt little 
before eight o*dfx:k,-B man,- <rf 
a very gentlemanly appearance, 
dressed in black silk d^T)ckin^/ 
black small clotltes, martrella waist^ 
coat, and dresfiing-gown, a whiter 
night cap on his head, aiid carrying 
a small poker on bis left arm^ wallb^ 
ed through St. Jf^nkas Park. HUT 
uncommon appearance attracted V 
number of followers. He pircPJ 
ceeded to York^bouse, and-knodE^' 
ed at the door; the porter, dbscrvi^ 
ing hts strange appearance, did not 
open the door; however, h* Hi** 
pcatf d his knock with a degiee e# 
consequence, which induct tbs 
porter to open the door. He thiaii* 
presented a letter for* the Duke of 
York, observing, that it was uptfM- 
state afivirs, and it miwt be (flWtf 
to his Royal Highnein direoC^ 
The porter told b)tfi it was (tnpova 
sible to deliver the lettr*' to lift* 
Royal Highness itfimediately, bcit 
he should have it very shortly f 
with which the other appeaird w^ 
tisiied, observing, he should call 
again abont ten o'clock. He^theifti' 
left York-house, and proceeded* 
along the Park, the crowd increu-c 
ing. • 'r 

Yesterday, bf^tween eleven andf 
twelve o'clock, as twa femalee^ 
genteelly dressed, were paaring tfav 
end of the MaU, opposite- the 
Queen's Palace, they were veryi 
rudely accosted by a man withiw 
large open clasp-knife, in «• pod^ik 
tion as if he intended to cot thena 
down $ thejr -acreamed otit, rtit* 
away, and escaped from him into 
Pimlico. After this, he went up 
to a man who hod the appearance 
of a porter, near one of the seats^ 
and in* a nofB direet manner «t« 

G tecaql£4 



82 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1813. * 

teoiptfd to Btab bim ; but this per- tJoos. ' AppficatioD Wps' macic at t 

SOD also avoided the attack^ ami navy agent's, in tbc Adripbi^ 

escaped. . A geoileman, who had whom he referred to, who, ac- 

boen ao observer ot' this outrage- knowledged having beea hk 

oos conduct, watched the man agent -, and said tb^ prisoner liad 

into the White Horse public-hourte, been there yesterday morning, 

in PiinlicOy and then went in when his conduct v^as such thai 



s^rch of a police officer, and there was no donbc baU he 

Ibund Nicholli, belonging 10 the dcrangeil. He was ordered to be 

BoW-stFcet office, in the Park, detained. 

who went and took hJiu into cus- The company of flying aTtillerf, 
tfi<iy; and under a pictence of iindfr the command cf captaia 
treating him with some lamb-chops Smiti), parsed throng-h Brighton/ 
and ale, he got ijira quietly across from Lewts, for Hive, lor the pur- 
the Park io ihc oiiHe, where he pose of practising with hbot aod 
^uderwe;it au examination before shells, at a tiirgot,, on the bea^ 
Mr. Graham, when it appeared, nearly fronting that place. Sev«r 
that a soldier pn duty at the (Queen's ral of the Shrapnell shells, )oad0d 
guard, observing the prisoner's with musket bullets, which were 
eondtKt, hifd/taken the knife from not intended for ns? thai day, bad 
him. Neither ol' the females, nor been fixed, in boies, to the car- 
the man he had attacked, attended, riages of the hetd*pieces, for the 
they iK>t being known ; but the inspection of the general j and to 
gentleman who had observed him one of these boxes, containing four 
liUy proved the above statement, shells, a spark, by some meana. 
The account the prisoner gave found its way, when three of the 
of himself was that his name was four shells were presently explod- 
Erasmus Hooper, and that he had ed, and their destructive contend 
been an officer in the navy ; that dispersed in all directions. Ma- 
he had been extremely ill-treated, }or-general Hamond had his lip 
or he should have been a post- cut through -, lieutroant T. Blaker, 
captain ; but, iastead of that, he of the local militia, was stunned 
had been tried upon false charges by a fragment of the gun carriage 
by a court-martial, and had been striking him on the back part of 
broke. On searchidg him, papers the head j and two of the artiilery- 
^nd a book were found, that fully men were severely hurt, though 
proved bim to be the man he re- neither had any bones broken, 
presented himstlf to be ; and that 8. Fire in Plymouth-dock, — ^The 
he had served on board the ships Are was hrst discovered in the 
the Marquis of Ely and the£rnest. morning, between three and four 
A letter firora the Secretary of the o'clock, in the eastern rope-house 
Admiralty acknowledged the re- of Plymouth dock-yard ^ and ap- 
ceipt of his application to be rein- parently, to those who first disco- 
stated. The book contained an vered it, burst forth in several 
alphabetical list of the marine places at me same tinie. An alaun 
forte of the oouiitry, a fulldcscrip- was instantly given by tl>e firing 
tioQ of signals by day 9nd night, of hf. sentinels ou duty.) n the yard, 
also of telegraphic coounuulca* and on board the Salvador oei 

Moodo 



C H K O N I C L E. 



.69 



Muodo guar&isbip, in Hamoazc^ 
when eatery asaiisUoce was render- 
ed ^ early and promptly as p<isbi- 
Uc i but be tore any eticctual I'orce 
could be broiij;hc to ope rat e« tbc 
dames bad made con&idrnible pro- 
gress, and buriit with incredible 
Jury ; and, iioiwitbslaudiu,^ the 
gciud buppiy ot' watcr^ and the ex- 
ertions used at the cnginrs^ the 
fire was not subduod until iiC^rn 
o'clock. Fortuuatdy, there were 
scarcely any stores in the building, 
but the machinery therein bas 
^•cen naobtly destroyed or mate- 
riaily injured. The building i» up- 
wards ot 1400 iVct in kngth,.««nd 
the ^rc having broke out about 
the centre, it was found ne.ccbs^ry, 
ia order to prtbcrx'c uny part oi' ii, 
to cut otf as aiuch as (x^ssibk- at 
eachexirci^iity» whereby about 4(X) 
licet of the premises were saved. 

The hoUf« in which the fire 
,pon line need is consumed ; and it 
w;is foitunate that i he cables, on 
llicir bring mattufjctured, were in- 
variably removed to another place, 
vhich prevented a nyoi those valua- 
le articles irom bcin^ destroyed, 
lie lusssobtait'.edby the public on 
'isocai»ion, it is supposed^ will nut 
ceed ]2,0(XM. 

11. The atrocious practice of 

aling anus has bceu lately car- 

1 to an alarmin;; extent in 

West Riding of Yorkshire. 

Wednesday se'nnight a nuni- 

of persons, about seven or 

t, went undiaguised to the 

e of Mr. Milnes, in Horbury, 

rousing him from his sleep, 

nded entrance. ^Ir. jVliln^s 

ppearing inclined to obey, 

^rcMtcned it' he did not in- 

Fopen the dour tliey would 

Uately force it. Mr. Milnes, 

{ Lc could make no avjiling 



rebistance, gave them adlnittbooe. 
They then insisted upon having 
his lire-arms -, but on being Mihh 
fied that he liad none, they de- 
manded money and refre§bmeate 
he then g^ve them some lilver^ 
and bread, cheese, and beer. The/ 
then requested that lie would al^ 
low I hem to take some to.Bonor 
poor icilous who they said were 
watching at a distatice ; with this 
requidiiion he thought it also prur 
dent to con I ply, and they then 
civiily took their leave of him. Oo 
Sijnd.iy night following these de* 
piedutors n);:de a further attack on 
several hoi;:>cs at Xotberton (a 
place in the immediate vicinity of 
Horbury), where tlicy succeeded 
in obtaining seven or eight stand 
of arii^d ; and upon this occasion 
they behaved with ptculiar atro- 
city, by wamonly tiring several 
musket balls into one of the huuscs. 
llie success of these nocturnal de- 
predators on this occasion is the 
more remarkable, as, on the day 
befoie (Saturday) the chief con- 
stable of the district, and the con- 
stable of Horbury, had received di- 
rections to receive the fire-arms of 
such of the inhabitants as wero 
disposed to give them up, and 
which they carried into effect the 
same d.iy. Most of the inhabit- 
ants readily gave up their arms to 
the cnstoJy of the civil magistrates, 
but some tew refused. The con- 
stables were much hooted and 
al)i)SL-d by the populace whilst they 
v.erc executing this duty ; and one 
(>fthe mob had the effrontery to take 
trcmbis pocketa handful of musket 
balls, which he threw into the air. 
exclaiming, ** Here are hailstones 
for you." It is said there is a per- 
son in Horbury employed in cast- 
ing these leaden messengers of 
G2 death. 



AXNUAT RFGISTER, l!=H2. 



ath. Exfry article of lead, such 
pumps, water-spouts, &c. which 
n be rfadily convrycd away^ is 
mslantly disapjx'aring. The glar- 
g violation ot the laws of society 
id of private property, evinced in 
lese nocturnal visits, though an 
il of great magnitude, is, iis it 
ere, lost in the contemplation of 
le more atrocious purposes for 
hich those instrunu nts of death 
e collected. 

On Thursday night last, the 
me system of depredation w;)s 
irsucd at Osset, ahuut a mile 
om Horbury. At half past twelve 
party of men, consisting of about 
I'elve persons, surrounded the 
)U5e of Mr. Butttirfield, and dc- 
anded his fire-arms, threatening 
im W'th insti^nt death if he; lie.'!- 
te<l ; at two other houses they 
•ed two musket-bails ihrouL'h the 
)or. This Inwless bnndiiti then 
ent down the common, where 
cv enttri'd every hou^c likely to 
mtain arms, and insisted upe;i 
leir being dclivcreu iiw, t lire, j tin - 
g to sluiot tho owiv.is if the ic.^.st 
;lay v.as manifested. Thcne de- 
edators vere armed wiih nuis- 
Jtfi and pistols. They f/bfaiiied 
1 this occasion about .^^ix st.i!;d cf 
ms. 

13. In the Court of Chrmcry, 
I the raj?e of Cieor-^e Ku«{*i. a 
mkrupt, the Lord Clianceili;r 
?ld, that a person atien'tinc; un 
le commi*<sioners undrr his cum- 
ission, though not i^uiumoned to 
tend, and though his pre.s(*nee 
as not required by them, was 
'Otected from arrest by any of his 
editors. His lordiihip accoidingly 
-dercd that the bankrupt should 
B discharged; and tout all the 
)8ts, charges, and r&penbes in- 
irred by bim since his arrest. 



bhould be paid by bis creditors, at 
Mrhose suit he was arrested. 

15. Naples, — Vesuvius, which 
had been quiet for several years^ «. 
has suddenly broken out. At nine ^ 
o'clock, on the morning of the ^.cl 
12th, loud reports proceeded from 
tiic bosom of tiie mountain, which ^ Ir>ii 
was followed by an eruption of cin-— *^ ' — 
ders and smoke. After this the ^x^ ' 
mountain remained quiet fur an 
liour. At eleven o'clock two firesh 
reports were heard, when the era-— ^si"^ 
ter vomited forth fire and smoke, ^^^X* 

which completely covered the ho orf 

rizon. On the 13th and 14th, thc^«^? 
mountain was calm, but at the in- — 
htant \v(^ arc writing the volcano is s 
again in action, and its crater is ^ 
ovf rei with an immense column 
ot snuike. 

\5. Chester. — ^This day Joseph -rf^" 
Thomson and John Temples, «.«*^* 

found Ejuilty at the special com mis as « ^ 

s!( n held tor this eountv, on tht^^'^^ 
2^5th r.lt for tlie trial of the rioters,. ^ 
were executed, pursuant to their 
s-cntcnces at the new drop, behind 
iht uty gaol. 

About half |>ast twelve o'clock 
they IcR the ca.Hilc: when theso« — ^ 
lemn })ruccssion, escorted by a ^^ 
pjrtv nt ihc Oxford Blues, and ac- — - 
ijori!{}unied by the proper officers, .«- 
jinjieixled throuq;h the city to the 
new ijaol, followed by an immense 
crowd (if pc-t)plc. On the arrival 
ot* the convicts at the latter place« 
they were coudncted to the chapel, 
where they very devoutly joined 
thfi clergymen in prayer. At one 
o'eluek they ascended the drop, 
and soon aiier were launched info 
eternity. 

Manchester, — « About twelve 
o*clock on Saturday the awful sen- 
tence of the law was put in execu- 
tion upon the eight penoot con- 
demned 




jcj 




CHRONIC I, p. , M 

demned at the hite special assize at when a French officeri of the ntm^ 

Laoeaiter, viz. James Smith, Tho- of GiiiUon Khor, jumped imme- 

mas Ker^x>t, John FleU^her, aud diately, with his clothes and'booc# 

Abraham CharLson, for burning, on, from the forecastle, which fifK 

&«. Mcfisn. Wroe and Duncoogh's about ibirty-five feet high^ afte^^ 

ureaving mill at West Houghton ; him, and held him for several mi-^ 

John Howortby John Lee, and nutes, at tbe risk of his o^n li{e/ 

"thomaa Hoyie, for breaking into the marine holding hi^ f^t by ih^' 

the hoose^of John Holland^ in this collar, which no £ubt would have 

tjamn, audi -stealing bread, cheese^ caused the death of the French off 

Jtc. ', «nd Hannah Smith, for high- ficer, if his strength had not sus** 

way Kobbery^ by stealing potatoes talned him till a boat came in tioae 

at Bank Top, in this town. Their to save them -, the marine was ^«^ 

conduot, throughout confinement^ most lifeless. 

maniiiestcd the greatest tndiffer- Abstract ^ pon-resideH* end te^^ 

cnot and unconcern « as to tbe aw- udtnt andincumhents, — It appears 

fbt ^tale in which they were placed ; by the abstract of a return oi ihi 

aii4a)l the pathetic exhortations of number of non-resident and rea-* 

tbe reverend the chaplain were dent incumbents in England and 

ftcqODntly repeated before signs Qf Wales, presented to the house of 

repentance appeared. Before be<> commons, and ordered to be print*^ 

log turned off, however, they be- ed on the 28th ult« that the num- 

caoie^ penitent, and confessed their ber of 

offences. Incumbents in England and 

1^. Tbe Sarah and Eliza, P. Wales, is - - lOldl 

Mitarthy, master^ arrived at Ports- Of which are resident • 4421 

moolh on Tuesday, laden with Non-resident from ez- 

viaei on account of government. emption - 26j I 

Seven fnars and three nuns came Non-residents by li<« 

passengers in her 5 theyareof the cences - - 2114 

religions orders of the Franciscans Non-residents not in- 

and Donoioksins, and were obliged eluded in licences or 

U^fLj from Valencia, at the time exemptions - 1017 

that pbca was- besieged by Suchet^ Miscellaneous cases of 

they having strenuously exerted non-residents - 38 

thems^ves during the siege, in op* Total non-residents ■- 5840 

posing the French. The friars Which shews tliat of tbe 

wear a drej!s ef coarse brown cloth, whole number of incum- 

with ^ cowl affixed, with which bents, the numberof non- 

they occasionally cover their heads. residents exceeds the num- 

Thd «U9« are dressed in black, ber of residents - 14 1 ^ 

with long bl^ck veils, which they 17* A competition took place at 

generally wear thrown over their the sal's of the Roxburgh Li- 

headstso at to leave their faces quite brary, for the Decameron of Boc- 

unconcealed. cacio, a single volume in small fo- 

On Ihe pth instant, a niarine op lio, printed in the year J471 : it 

boaid the Fyen prison ship, lying was knocked down to tbe marquis 

in Ihf river Medway, &11 froui a of Blandford for 226ot. ! ! ! 

M|^ into tbe sea, and was sinking, 18.Thecommoti<^nsin the manu 

facturin- 



8^ ANNUAL REGISTER, ISIC. 

ftcttiri 00^ counties were ncvrrtTiore New Bayley, on Friday j 'irhich 
rflarming than at present. Letters, cxaminntion was adjournrd to Sa- 
■Wh'rch arrived in town yesterday, tnrdny, wh»:'n it was resamfd, aod 
from the vicinity of Manchester, the wholft thirty-eight were conn- 
rclaie various outrages recently mitted to Lancaster gaol, to take 
committed by the persons desig- their trials for having admitirstered 
nfited L'lddites. At n h\e hour in the abonfhnble and nnla^'fal onth, 
the evening tli?y assemble in large known by thr term ot" twi sting-in . 
gangs, and proceed froni house to At the Newcastle races, just at 
Bouse, in the srhnll villages, in the race was 6ni<ihed, the tempo- 
search of fire arms, which they sel- rary stand belonging to the WTiite 
dom fail to obtain, as they gene- Hart inn, being loaded with atxmt 
rtlly proceed on init)rmaiion. One 2(X) persons, gave way in the raid* 
account which we have seen states, die, and involved nearly lOO in 
ihat a gentl^'man bad two guns, thecra^h. About forty were seri* 
bne an old, and the other a new onslrhnrt, and ten or tweh-c dan- 
one j the latter he was def irons of gerounly, several of them baring 
preserving, and therefore hid ii be- broken limbs, 
tw^eti a mattra *; and bed Anight 18. An aggret>atc Catholic meeting 
or ti\o afterwards, Fcvcral anvied was held in Dublin, the Eari erf 
men demanded admittarcc into his Fingall in the chair. Lord Killreo 
house; which having obtained, moved a series of thirteen resoin- 
they desired pos<icssion of all the trons, recommending the renewal 
fire-arms on the premises. The of' an earnest application, by peti- 
genilcman gave up the old gun, as tion, tothe le^jislature, for the to- 
tti^ only one he had ; but this did tal and unqualified repeal of the 
not satisfy Ihrm ; tliey told him penal laws; the petitions to be 
whereto find the other, and threat- prepared and presented withoot 
' ened tp shoot him if he delayed a delay ; lamenting that " the pro- 
moment to obey them. The new mised boon of CatboHc free- 
gun was in con?cr|ucnce fesigned. dom had been cmclly intercepted 
The churches arc every where by the fatal witcheiy of an cnwor- 
plundcred for lead, to be converted thy, secret mfluenee,*— rccom- 
into bullets. mending catholic freeholdets not 
Between eleven and twelve to support candidates who do not 
o'clock on Thursday night, Mr. pledge themselves \p support tijc 
Nadin, assisted by a piquet of mi- catholic cause, — and netominji^ 
Jitary, took into custody (and seiz- thanks to Lords Grey, GrenriHe, 
ed thepiper^ of) thirty-eii;ht per- Donoughmare, and Mt. Grit- 
sons unlawfully ass; mbled ai a pub- tan. 

lie-house, in Ancoat's-Iane, Man- Counsellor Q'Gorman begged it 

Chester. They 'Stated the object of might be distinctly understood, 

their meeting to be for the purpose thit any arrangements or condi- 

of petitioning for peace and pari ia- tion which might be connected 

XDcntary reform, but their papers with Mr. Canning's motkm in the 

and books appeared to be of a dif house of cmmnons, would have no 

Verent tendency. They were cxa- influence on the conduct- of the 

ipincd by tbt magistrates, at the catholics of Ireland, as they w^rr. 

determined 



!t '• 



CHRONICLE. 



97 



  

ained to obtain their freedom 
ditionally. 

resolotion was then pissed 
lling another aggr«'gat<' mee t- 
n Thursday se*nnight, and 
[le Board, thns authorised to 
re the petitions, should have 
nae ready for the considora- 
f the oieetiog on that day. 

French officers, on parole 
flding, fought a duel, in a 
not far from the New Inn, 
5 Oxford -road, when one of 
received a ball, which passed 
gh the bark part of his neck. 
le to procnre pisrols, they 

1 to decide the affair with a 
ig-piece, at about fifty paces^ 
ring alternately. The first 
irge was ccjiclosive. The 
• who fired rendered every 
tnce to his wounded antago- 

He accompanied bim in a 
haise to his lodgings, where 
"geon dressed his wound j^ 
I IS said to be not dangerous. 

Sheffield. — Yesterday there 
great rejoicings in this town, 
sequence of the deiermina- 
f government, to suspend for 
s the Orders in Council ; by 
r America will have an oppor- 
' of evincing her desire to re- 
on amicable terms with this 
ly. The ringing of belts and 
Ittg of cannon were among 
bdei resorted to by the people 
toOQStrate their joy on this 
itai We fervently pray, that 
i^tttt people, nor the govem- 
^>iii^ ever have cause to re- 
Itf'' ihif measure) eridenlly 
■il'bf the latter to relieve 
MLifflHilresses of the former. 
il>i41if beneficial effects of 
Mfof the Orders in Council 
MUf tpparenty in the im* 
to tlw woollen trade. 






Bales of clotb^ which have 
stored in the warehouses of the 
American merchants for monthly 
in some instances, we may say, 
for years, are now in transit ter 
the place of their destination ; and 
we are peculiarly happy to state,* 
that there were more purchaseW 
in the Leeds cloth-halls this morn- 
ing, than there has been onaofy 
market-day since the enactment iA 
the celebrated Orders in Council. 

Stafford, — It was reported it 
Newcastle, and the Potteries, oh 
Thursday last, that ministers bad 
pledged themselves to abandon the 
Orders in Council. In conse^ 
qnrnce of which considerable re- 
joicings took place, particularly ilk 
the Potteries; and thecountenatioefc 
of the people resumed an appear* 
ance of satisfaction i|nd pleasure; 
such as we have not witnessed on 
any recent occasion. 

24. A nest of villains has beoA 
disccfvered in the Isle of Wight, 
deserters from the several detiKHir 
ments there, who were proceeding, 
in a systematic plan, to rob and 
plunder; they had dvqg t cavern th 
contain their booty, in which were 
-found remains of lambs* sheep, 
and calves. Three of them meet- 
ing a countryman, stopped hini, 
and asked him to buy a watch \ 
the man prudently told them he 
had no money, but would go and 
get some \ instead of which be 
applied to a company of sheep- 
shearers, who, with the man, took 
them before a magistrate of the 
island, who recognised on the 
back of one of the robbers, a oodt 
he gave to a poor man whoae house 
they had latelv broke open. They 
were committed to prison. 

In the renewed Tdmpike Acti» 
pasted this Session, a new dause 

baa 



^'S 



ANXl'AL llEGISTEK, iHi*:. 



!;:2s born inirouiirLj, c: :;.•<•; incij — 
Jiat it any pcr^ou or persons st.ali 
ride upon any causeway or foot- 
[>aths, or shall drive any horse^ 
?attle, swiQc, cart, or carnage 
thereon, or shall wiltally cause any 
damage whatever to be done, he 
E)r they shall for every such ofiVnce, 
t>e liable to a tine oV 20s. halt to 
%o to the informer, and tiic? other 
half to be a^^pllcd lo the purposes 
of the act : and ihe culirctor of 
the tolls for the time; bring, must 
%&%, ou a board, in legible cha- 
racters, his christian and surname 
over his door, utidcr a penalty of 
lOl. 

A singular phenomenon was 
Mritnessed at Marseilles. On a 
sudden a rush of water from the 
^ca came into the port, forming a 
current so rapid, that it drew ev^ry 
thing with it through the gullet. 
The chain was shut to keep in the 
fV£fisels, the alarm guns fired, aud 
the gatcraU beat. The sea then 
retired 4II at once, ]i\iving the 
iiarbour dry, and all the vessels 
^^round. iVlmost at the Siin:e in- 
(Stant the sea returned by leaps and 
.boi^dSj with extraordinary impe- 
tuosity, filling again the harbour, 
Iplac^g afloat the vessels, and in- 
.undaiing the quays. Afterwards, 
.QVCTy.^hing returned to its usual 
j^taic.. it. was iirst believed that it 
fWas the effect of a water-spout, 
\vhic|i, having pumped the water 
iVom the sea a short distance from 
*th4! harbour, had occasioned the 
. current which left it dry, and then 
..having let fall rapidly the colnmn 
fif. .water, which it kept suspended, 
.produpeil the mass of water which 
iniuidaled the qnays : but the same 
phenornenoa occurring again in 
.the cpura of the d»y, and the 
uaicr in tl^ harbour flowing and 



ehbing without ceasing, being in a 
continual state of oscillalion, the 
idea of attributing it to a water- 
spout was given up. It jp now 
supposed 10 have been prf>dQce4 
by a distant earthquake, and it'is 
recoilecttd that a similar event 
happftned in that port. In 17^^» 
during the eartliquake at Lisbon. 

25, IluiiJcrsfie/J. — Last Moo- 
day, about midnight, a great num* 
b.»r of armed men, with their 
faces distigured by broad black 
marks down each check and over 
the forehead, assembled near th^ 
dwtUing-house of Mr. Fisher, a 
shopkeeper at Briestwistle, and 
after tiring two guns or pistols!> 
demanded admittance into Mr. 
F.'s house, which be refused, 
'J h^fy then broke open tlie door, 
and two of them rushing into ti^ 
iioiiSo, seized Mr. F. who bad just 
got out of bed ; they each present- 
ed a pistol to I lis breast, and threat- 
ened him with instant death 
h< s tirred a foot. Not intimidated 
by this threat, Mr. F. rushed from 
tliem towards the door, when 
was seized by other six meji, w^ 
placing a sheet over his head, face 
and arms, kept him in that situ(A 
tion while their comrades ransac 
ed the house, and took froqi 
pocket-book biJLs to the araoont 
1 X6\, besides 20l. iii uoU-s and 
cash out of a drawer, but to 
amouiit Mr. F. dp^s not 
know. When the de 
completed, the leader cried fon^t 
the guard placed ^nvor, ifn^rjf^ 
" Let him go: dpn-t hurt jyip^i 
we hav« got what wo w«itl4i 
we will bring it back^ i|^ 
months/' and immeduldjr lMiit«ft 

The Gomniitteft wpointq^]^ 
inquire into Ibe tcaqsqi^wWdb 
■taid the deojiiw of awi^^ 

oeijj 









,-Ai 



CHRONICLE. 



89 



Ikgfmh and writs of dnror 
ift kirds, have rqpoited 
lurear of Charoerj causes 
liaisbcd, and the appeals 
hanceUor from the Master 
Lolb increased in number, 
end of Hilary term, J 81 2, 
lioal causes remained^ set 
% the Chancellor's paper 
in^. and 39 appeals from 
Is. Re^iieariDgs remained 
e same as bct'ore. The bank* 
arrears were diminished* 
Dintttcc are conoemed to 
Ipreat a number of causes 
ic H'6use ut Lords, waiting 
iiof). There remain to be 
19 appeah from England { 
t^ Scotland; and 5J 
land :— 1 1 writs of error 
ngknd; 2 ditto Scotland; 
itto Ireland. 

be German papers mention, 
; Count of Gottorp, who 
ded for some time at Her- 
wished to become a mem- 
the Society of Moravian 
a i but the Directors of the 
would by no means give 
daeot to it, it being con- 
their institution to connect 
^ts with crowned beads, or 
)iD have been such. 
b^er, tke aeronaut, made 
ttCy-third ascent at Man- 
andabghted at Oakwood, 
If ttsilcs from Sheffield. He 
te  passage in forty-dght 
li^'SSQ ibat he must Imve 
IW fh0-armaaiog mte of a 
•Tmkiute. 

|finfleiaiicb<df accident 00- 
lir die 'fhrer Thames on 
i Ute\^ Heven persons, all 
'XtMi^ engaged a saihog- 
bgia wbi^ kind. The 
|WV'4aRl been very bigh> 
t||liiMb»«iQdenite'On sea- 



reach, they made fist the mrin- 
sail to the side of the boat; aoon 
after which, a sudden gust of ^nd 
upset the wherry, and six of tba 
unfortunate men were drowned* 
Another account states that mtie 
lest their lives. Most of them 
have left large iamilies; 

The number of French coitunftk 
sioned officers, and masters' of 
privateers and mercbantmeai* who 
have broken their paroks in the 
three List years, ending '5th Jun^^ 
is 692, of whom 242 have beta 
retaken, and 450 escaped. A 
considerable number- of officers 
have besides been ordered into coo- 
Anement> for various other breaches 
of their parole engagemenia. ^' 

The Abbe RomanelH has visited 
lately all the catacombs willed 
surround Naples/ He likewise 
entered the subterraneous caven|s 
ofthechurchof 8t.Gennano; and» 
assisted by a guide, explored them 
to the extent of two miles aad ar^ 
half, in themidst of'huittan ashe^ 
broken coffins, skeletons, 'lind 
ruins. He beheld on a|l Sides 
Greek ioscfiptiona, seulpTmed 
upon stone or mai1>le ; and titfali- 
ings of Christians wbohadfafibf- 
ed martyrdom. He also trartcM 
the remains of some aliarii the 
tombs of the 6rst Neapditah 
bishops, and one eataoomb, tlfb 
inscriptions on which vecarded the 
ravages of a pestilence in Nii[des, 
in 1020. 

The island of Goree, off tUe 
African coast, adw contdiis 2CpO 
blacks, who have been jieseued 
■from slave ships by our croisers. 
A plan has been lately devised lor 
recruiting the West India -Tm* 
ments from them ) and aome offi- 
cers ai« about to be sent out, to 
carry it ipto eftct 

JULY. 



I 

y 



90 ANNUAL REGISTER, 18IS. 



JULY. 

1. An ofHcUl return of the pri- 
ffODCrs of wur at present in Gif-ai 
Uritain, laid brfore the House of 
Commons, states tht* total numhtr 
of Frcuch prisoners at 52,64'), 
Danish, 1,868 — Grand lotaJ, 

54,517 

4. This raorninix, ahont seven 
o*c1ock> one of Mr iliut's powder 
iDillSy at Hoiinsiow, blew up. 
Two men employed in it, who 
were ftt a short distance at the 
time, were knocked down, but 
not killed. Thrir bodies presented 
a most bhockinjj spectacle; they 
were so changed and black, that 
they coultl scarcely be known. t\ 
surgeon was sent for, who advised 
their being conveyed to St.George's 
Hof^pitali which was accordingly 
done in the afternoon, in a cniavan 
used for conveying powder to 
London. Their groans and screams, 
when they were moved, were ex- 
tremely distressing. 

Si. Vincent's, — The Wallibon 
Quirter, on Sunday ni{;ht last, 
.witneiHed a scene of horror and 
devastation, much more terrific 
and destructive in its effects than 
even the memorable night of the 
awful eruption of the IMorne 
SoufTriere. Prodigious masses of 
ignited substances which were 
ejected from the mouth of the 
, Wall iboD. river, effectually stopped 
the rolling of iu waters; and avast 
lake, in a constant state of rfier- 
Tcaceoce* had formed near its 
.a^mrce. whidh continued daily to 
iQcrMse till it covered about four 
acrm of land. On Sunday night 
.laft« tbe diffusion of water, from 
-the fall of heavy rains, became so 
great .th.1t : the frightful reaervoir 
overflowed, aod the prodigious 



flood burst through the barricm of 
volcaniccombustit^leswith irresisti- 
ble fnry ; a'd such was its destruc- 
tive impetuosity, that it completely 
inundated the adjacent valley, and 
besides its ravages in bearing down 
a number of negro houses, several 
live«i were lost, and others so 
d lead fully scalded from the river 
of lifiuid fire which overwhelmed 
tht;m, that their lives are despaired 
of. The mountain, too, during 
the dreadful •••cene, had a return ©f 
one of its territic fever fits; its 
roaiiiV'S caused a general conster- 
nation ; and on the following 
nii^ht, about eleveii o'clock, a most 
violent concussion of the earth, 
such as the oldest inhabitants ne%'er 
experirnced, was felt all over the 
island. 

0. Plymouth, — This morninff, 
.ibotit nine o'clock, the inhabitants 
of Plymouth were thrown into in- 
dcscribablc terror. Mr. Hyne, 
flour-merchant, of Old Town, 
Plymouth, while sitting at break* 
fast with his wife and two children, 
suddenly seized one of tliem, and 
cut its throat ; he then seizc*d the 
other, and on the interference of 
his agonized wife, he flred a pistol 
at her, when she fell, and he 
completely severed the windpipe 
of the second child. He tinished 
the horrible business by blowing 
his own brains out with a iccond 
pistol. The consternation of the 
neighbours on rushing into the 
scene of bltHxl, may be easily con- 
ceived. Mrs. Hyne was ioond 
living; a ball had entered :her 
shoulder, and she had been itooned 
for the moment by the report df 
the pistol, whk:h was held very 
close, and which only misMd iii 
intended "effect by the agilatiori^ 
Mr. Hyne. The onfi»rt&iialar«Ml 

wretcbed 



CHRONICLE. 



91 



wrctchrcl prrpetrator of this dred 
wn% abont 30 yrars of a«.;c, had 
alw;)ys borne a good rliaracter, 
and wns consider<rd lo be a man 
possess! I'g property. He had 
transacted business on the S;ilurday 
preceding ; was srrn walking on 
the Hoe, at Flv month, on the 
labbath evening, with his family, 
apparently a happy group; and 
had promised to meert several 
tradesmen at Plymouth-dock on 
Monday morning. 

yinoticr uccoutt.^-Oti Monday 
morning Mr. Hyne ros:^ farly, 
leaving Mrs. Hyns aslcp, and 
having sent his two maid servants 
out of the house on frivolous 
errands, he took the youngest 
child, about thi;tren months old, 
to the bottom of the garden, and 
cut its throaty he then returned 
to the kitchen, and placed the 
child on a chair. The next victim 
wa< a fine child, three yrars of 
ace, whose bniiis he blew out 
with a pistol. He then rushed up 
the stairs to his life's chamber, 
found hc^r awn king, kissed her, 
and discharged a pistol at her j the 
ball entered the Ictl breaM. He 
then went on the stairca-je, fired 
a pistol at his 1-ft breast, rushed 
down stairs, and dropped (lend in 
the kitchen. The nport of Mrs. 
Hyne's death is premature; and 
from so'iic symptoms which have 
appeared, her recovery is thought 
to be not impossible. 

A coroner's inquisition was taken 
on Monday last, at Osbournby, 
near F.ilkiugham, on ihr body of 
a man named Page, who had died 
onder cireumstancs of peculiar 
horror. The dece.T^'d was a 
patiper. belonging to the parish of 
tiitk Willoughbv, li'it i.ot choosing 
lo stay ia the vvarnhw.u*e^ he was 



in the habit of strolling about from 
town to town, subsisting upon the 
provision which he begged. It 
was his ai-tom to deposit what he 
pfi^cured in this way beyond the 
immediate cravings of nature, 
within his shirt next to his lx)dy; 
and having a considerable store ,ot* 
meat and bread so placed, he, in 
the early part of last week, it » 
snppos-d, feeling unw*:ll, laidhim- 
seit down in a field in the pjtnsh 
of Scn-dington, to sleep. The 
meat, !rom the heat of the weather 
and of the man's botly, soon bc- 
ODiT.ing putrid, was struck by flies ; 
and ill a short time the maggots 
whirh were so occasioned, not 
only preyed upon the inanimate 
pieces ot firsh, but began literally 
to consuii e the living substance. 
Favoured hy the drowsiness and 
sloth of the wretched man, these 
vermin nvidc si\ch hnvoc in hit 
body, that when, on Tuesday, ho 
was fouiul by s{ me ()er:K)tis who 
wer:^ accidentally parsing in the. 
field, he pre>>(Miied a sight disgust- 
ing in the extreme. While mag- 
gots, of an tnormous size, werfc 
cradling in and upon his body, 
and the rcmnvid of the outer on« 
only seived to nhcw hundreds of 
others, which had penetrated so 
dceplv that it was clear the very 
vitals of the miserable man were 
invaded by them. Page was con- 
veyed to O-bournby, and a surgeon 
was immediauly procured, who 
dressed the puts a fleeted ; but 
the sufferer died in a few hours 
after. The jury returned n verdic"t 
to the eltect that the deceased was 
•* eaten to death by nwirgots!** 

8. A very extraordinary robbery 
took pla'^e at Galley's Quay, at the 
Custom-house, eaily this morning. 
Ten balei of valuable silk, and two 

boxes 



i)8 ANNUAL R E G I S T E 11, 1812. 



boxes of ost rich's feathers, recent- 
ly ioiportcd, were brought iii a 
hoy the clay before aloDg&ide the 
above quay, previously to being 
landed, and the duties paid thereon. 
Two watchmen were put on board 
the boy for the purpose of security. 
About £ve o'clock in the morning 
a party of men came on board « 
and.saxd.they had instructions from 
the proprietors of the goods to take 
tbe hov down the river again, as 
fibe had been brought up by misr 
take, acid that they would shortly 
rettun for that purpose. The vil- 
lains were as good as their words ; 
bat for fear of being suspected, 
they carried the hoy out into the 
fitreaoit and then forced the watch- 
mco below, where they remained 
coofinfid ontil the whole property 
was taken away in crafl brought 
for that purpose. The loss is ren- 
dered more heavy to the importers, 
as tlie Custom-house claims the 
payment of the duties. The pro- 
perly is valued at between 2 and 
dOOQl. 

9« A fire broke out at the vilbge 
of Gapablingay, in Cambridgeshire. 
It beean^ at a blacksmith's shop, 
and KX* want of ei^ines, water, 
an4 prop^ assistance, it c(»isumed 
twenty-three houses. 

WK, St Vincent's Gazettes to the 
1 6tfa Mbj, state, that the Sonffriere 
mountain bad continued to be agi- 
tated iip to the 7th, but bad since 
shewn scarcely any signs of com- 
mption. . By the eruption, the 
laigje lifers of Rabacca and WaUi- 
bon were dried up, and in their 
pfaicea. was a wide expanse of 
barren Ipid. The melted minerals 
which i^ere dashed into the. sea, 
had ficHtned a pronaontoiy which 
juttnl:cut some distance mm the 
wamn kind|.a t Mome Bonde, The 



quantity of matter discharged from 
the crater, is suppoKd to exceed 
twenty times the original bulked 
the iiioiintain- 

] . IVinchester Amxts. -«- Mm 
James, a youth of oineteeo, was 
indicted for the wilful murder of 
his mistress, £lizabeth Hiil, at 
Shal fleet, near Yarmouth, la&e of 
Wight. It appeared that hit oiaa- 
ter, to whom he was apprenticed 
as a shoemaker, was gone with hit 
son to church on the morning (tf 
Sunday the 2 1st <^ June iast» 
leaving his wife and this lad ^ 
home. On their return, in oef»* 
pany with a neighbour, they dlac»* 
vered Mrs. Hill lying on the kitc^ 
en floor, with three deep woiuida 
inflicted with a hatchet on her* 
head and face, and her -throat cut 
across. On interrogating the bof» 
who was deliberately walking hf^ 
fore the house, he very jcdmljr 
coo^ssed the foul dfed. Heat^fd 
at the bar, during the whole of the 
trial, with his eyes bent, on tl^ 
groaud, in a kind of mejanchiilf 
apathy. He viewed the dreadful 
instruments, produced m jcom^ 
with unaltered aspect; iuitetDd. 
the awful sentetfce with' tad^ 
ference, and retired withoothat iqg. 
uttered a word, beyond tiefiiail 
to say any thing. Ha declacw 
that he entertains no lorrow ibrilhe. 
action ; for had any ooe dsQ; 
in his way, he shonki bavciti 
the same thing. Hit mittfloli^rlie. 
says, was always too good tpModk: 
He §ex!\% no terror -at hit i pMo g e h ^. 
log 6te, but cayretsetJilm<ir 
truly happy aqd comest •«ft4ii0. • 
When stfoogly inleiMigite4^tt;i». 
the probable mot^ve^bitoQwdiMpc 
he referred the ioqiiiiQS» wiibi^l 
comment, to th«.<6d::«|ie|Haih«f 
Job. He ippneni an nnf!iii|iittf j»f 



CHRONICLE. 



93 



the MethodiBt persnnsion. The 
Judge (Sir AUan Cbambre) com- 
mented with much feeling on the 
dangeroQs effects of vulgar and li- 
teral conceptions of tcriptoral pas- 
nges. 

lO. AUhon, — > The following 
intemting and affecting little story 
IS related by oue of the officers of 
the Swallow. 

In the gallant and sanguinary 
action which that ship maintained 
agiiDat so superior a force, close in 
with FrquSf a short time since, 
there wis a seaman named Phelan, 
who bad his wife on board ; she 
was stationed (as is usuol when 
women are on board in time oi 
hatde) to assist the surgeon in the 
care of the wounded. From the 
close manner in which the Swallow 
engaged the enemy, yard-arm and 
yanl-arm, the wounded, as may t>e 
expected, were brought below very 
fast ; amongst the rest a messmate 
of her husband's, (consequently her 
own), who had received a musket 
ball through the side. Her exer- 
tions were used to console the 
poor fellow, who was in great ngo- 
niet and nearly breathing his last: 
when, by some chance, she heard 
her husband was wounded, on 
deck: her anxiety and already 
overpowered feelings could not one 
noment be restrainrd ; she rushed 
instantly on deck, and recttivcd the 
wounded tnr in her arni<; he 
faintly raised his head to kiss lier— 
yhe hunt into a flood of tear?;, and 
tdd irim to take courage, " all 
wouldyetbe well,'* but Irad scarcely 
pronounced the last syllable, when 
an ill-dh%cted shot took her head 
off. The poor tar, who was clo^sely 
^»npt in her arms, opened his 
cyca once mor e t hen shut them 
for ever. What renders the cir- 



cumstance the more affecting wasr, 
the poor creature had been only 
three weeks delivered of a fine 
boy, who was thus in a moment 
deprived of a father and a mother; 
As soon as the action sbb^dcd« 
" and nature began again to take 
its course,'* the feelings of the tars^ 
who wanted no unnecessary incite- 
ment to stimulate them, were dt 
interested for poor Tommy (for so 
he was called); many said, and 
all feared, he must die; they a9l 
agreed he should have an hundred 
fathers, but what coukl be the sub- 
stitute of a nurse and a mother t 
however, the mind of humanity 
soon discovered therewas aMalteitf 
goat on board, belonging to Ae 
officers, which gave an ainindancd 
of milk ; and as there waar no bet- 
ter expedient, she was morted to, 
for the purpose of suckling die 
child, who, singular to say, n 
thriving and gttting one of thtt 
finest little fellows in the world; 
and so tractable is his nurse, that 
even now she lies down whta 
poor little Tommy is brought to be 
suckled by her. Phelan and bii 
wife: were sewed up in one ham- 
mock, and it is needless to tay, 
buried in one grave. 

20. At the assizes for Hertford, 
an action was tried, in which Yar- 
row a hair<-€lres9er at Ware, was 
plaintiff; and Col. Calvert, M. P. 
and Capt. Klvin were defendants. 
The plaintiff was a Serjeant of the 
3d company of the eastern division 
of Hertford local militia, of which 
the dr-fendants were colonel and 
adjutatit. The plaintilF, after the 
regiment had been disbanded, had 
been taken from his shop at Ware, 
and tried for a trifling military 
offence by a court-martial, who 
Sentenced hirn to solitary confine- 



94 



ANNUAX JI.EG.ISTER, 1812. 



meat -for one tnantb/ and the de- 
Kndauts ordered him to the couQiy- 
§kA, .sad (o 'be kept on. bread 
and water. , ; Lord KUenborough 
9aid, ihe; aenlence was. not war- 
ontod by law* and that the dc- 
fbviaDts having even exceeded the 
seatenoOj . must be answerable in 
damages* .Verdict for plaintiffy 
Diinia^CB 20). ' : 

,22. Murder of the Count and 
Countess D Aitimgsus, at Barnes, 
in Surrty. -^* The Count and 
Counieifs D*Antnigue>y French 
ooblease, and distantly related to 
the- unfortunate fumily. of the 
Bourbonny resided on Barnes-ter- 
race, oii the banks of the Thames^ 
They lived in a style which, tbo' 
iar from what tbey had formerly, 
amoved in«,.yet was rather iwrder-- 
^ig on high life than the contrary. 
They kept a carriage, coachmaui 
feo^map,! and a servant, out of 
livery. The latter was an Italian^ 
cir PiediBcaitese, namrd Lawrence; 
and it- is of this wretch we bai'C to 
relate -the foUo^ing particulars. 
Thaioaunt and countess intending 
to. visit London as yest^-rday, or« 
dered the carriage to be. at tlie 
door^ 1^ eight iij the moroing, 
which It aoc6rdingly was; and 
aooQ after that boor they were in 
the act of leaviAg the house to get 
into it* the countess being atthe 
door, and the count coming down 
Mairs, when the report of a piatol 
was heard in4he passage, which it 
has since appdired took no effect, 
nor was ic then ascartained by 
wboQti it waa fired. Lawrence 
vat at this time in the passage* 
#Bd oathi^jaflBQke subsidtofb was 
$kna -iQ rash, pant the codoi^ and 
MQeec4 wilh gn^ speed op atiin. 
JlealifvMtiiiaiaodjr retiimsrf vith 
• dhrk in his lumd^ and plqpged it 



up to the hilt in-thecoanl 
shoulder ; he continued hiax 
and made fbr the street 
where stood the oountesa, ' 
he in$tantly dispatched, by ] 
ing the snme dirk into he 
breast. This last act had ac 
been completed, wiieu the 
appeared aUo^t tl)e door, bin 
and following ihe assassin, 
made tor the house, and r. 
stairs. The count, thoug 
tremely weai^ apd ikint, con^ 
to follow himr.butiio great « 
terror occasioned, that no oi 
had the- sanie, resolution., 
assassin and .the Count ha 
bc;cn up irtaira-niorc^thanaqi) 
when the report of • another 
was heard, whidi isatiafied 
below that Lawrenqe. had ^i 
put an end to the exiatcno^ 
master* The alarm waa 
given, and the ory of oh 
murder! reaoMudod frooi. 
Qiouih. T^ countess wa 
lying at tho^iront: door by 
the turnpike, road runs» i 
length meu.o(«»u£cientxefio 
were found to ituiture up.- 
and, horrible to relate, tbc^ 
the count lying across his om: 
groaning heavily, and ncar)|y 
and the blood-thirsty villain 
by bis side, a corpae. * He lu 
a period to bis own eaisteoc 
placing a pistol, that be Iqa 
the room, in his mouth, aia 
. charging. its coutents tbroii| 
head. Ti|a count ooly^p^i 
about twoMyrfivc o^ioqjbBiLj 
the ibtal bl»wv'fiq4.dN4.<^1^ 
being able to uttfr § ^UgL^ 
The conolesa Mvte Jill 
beau broogM V><^f%ffpiM 
.wpofd : was ^lw«)|{^fiy| 



,&mp4fB^ 






CHRONICLE. 



93. 



liusband, also wiihout uttering a 
KiDgle word, Tho scrrauts ol the 
Wu&e were ail cullcxtcd^bst i>i^bt» 
buc no cause for so horrid an act 
was at that time kuown : ail was 
but cotijeciure. 

The tul lowing circumstances, in 
so extraordinary a ca>(;, auy be» 
kowcver^ uorlh rdaiiiig. ihe 
county it appears, always kept a 
brace of pistuls hangini; loaded 
iu his bcd-ioi^m, and a smuli dirk. 
AUuc a nionih ago the cuiiiutits 
and the servants heard ihe u-port 
of a pi»tol up siairs, and wri- in 
consc(]aei)Ci-greatl) ainrmcrd , whfu 
one ui ciie latter, a fcn^ale. went 
up ktairs, and lociked inio her 
Diastei'i roooi : it was l«ill of 
smoke, and she screamed out; 
on its clearing away siie^aw Law- 
rence standing, who told h«*r no- 
thing wan the matter, he had only 
fired oft* one of his luaster's pistols. 
It afterwards appeared he had tired 
it into the wainscot ; it was loaded 
"With ball, aivd (he bullet froiii the 
pistol is yet to be seen. 

The count and couuteng were 
about 6() years of age. Tiie latter 
was highly accoiuplishcd, a great 
proficieut in music, and greatly 
admired tor her singing, in fashion- 
able parhcif. I'htrc is nu rcasou 
whatever to believe that I^wrence 
was insane. Only about ten mi- 
nutC4 previous to his commii ting 
iJiis deed of blood, ho went over 
to an adjoining public-house and 
tcx>k a glass of gin ; he hud lived 
(Hily three months in the family, 
aod report says, was to be dis- 
charged in a lew days. 

The couot and oouiite^s had re- 
sided ill their house at Barnes for 
four gr five years, and have lefi an 
wuly son, who, we underiL:iiu^ is 



at present in this coiiDtfy studying 
the law. 

Lebides his bouse on Barnes^ 
terracv. Count ci'Antruigurs had B 
town establishmeni. No. 7, Q^iecn 
Anp.e Street, Wcbt. He was 5(>j 
aiid the countess 53 years of age. 
'ilic count h<:d eminently dis- 
tinguished himstlf in ille troubles 
which h»vc ionvu!.sed hurope tot 
the \iisi 22 }cai^>. In \7b() he was 
actively engage«.l in favour of tbo 
revoluii(>nj bm curing the tyran- 
ny of Robespierre, he emigrated 
to Germany, and was employed in 
the ser\ ice of Russia. At Venice^ 
in 1 7q7, he was arrested by Berna* 
dotte, at tlie order of Buonaparte, 
who pretended to have discovered 
in his pc>rt>folio, all the particulars 
ot the plot upon which the 18tk 
Fructidor was founded. Ihe 
count made his escape from Mi« 
Ian, where }>e was confined, and 
was afterwards employed in the 
dip Ion JR tic mission or Rassia, at 
the c^urt of Dresden. In 1806 he 
was sent to England with creden* 
tials from the Emperor of Russia, 
who had granted him a pension, 
find placed great deix'ndance upon 
his services. He received here 
letters of denization, and was often 
employed by govcviuuent. The 
countess was tt:e once celebrated 
Madcmoibclie St. Hubcrti, an 
actress at the theatie Fran(^oise. 
She had aniusscd a very large for- 
tune by her professional talents. 

Trial and Convicihn of' Dawson 
at Cambridge .Assizes, — The pri- 
soner was arraigned on an indict* 
nient, with numerous counts, viz. 
for poisoning a horse belonging to 
Mr. Ad.ims, of Royston, Herts, 
and a blood mare belonging ti# 
IVir. Kor;l.ev, at Newmarket, iu 



90 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 

1809) and aba fer poimning a vioov to tbat event, whidi took 

horse belonging to Sir F. Standisb, plaeeon the-Moodaf . Ata^X^w-^ 

and aiiotfier belonging to Lord son bad left the boase. ahe ianaodt 

Foley, in IBlIj at the same place the bottle, which she ideatifiiad,^ 

He was tried and convicted on the having contained, the said-Uqnidy 

£rst case only. and which a chemist proved |oJuv% 

The principal witness, as on the contained poison. WilnMa.-aW 

fbnner trial, was Cecil Bishop, an proved that Dawson bad auittgiMN|f 

aceomplioe with the prisoner. He her that be had poiiao it^. H^ 

had been for some time acquainted house for some dog4» laitaniT'oiM 

vith Dawson, and on application should have the ourioaily4o Uistfi 

ta him had furnished him with it. Other witnesaea prmd« cliai^ 

corrosive sublimate to sicken of circumstances which left.:^ 

holies. He went on to prove (hat doubt of the prisonaar's gniltt- ■■- 
Sawson and he had become pro- Mr. Kii^, for the prisoiiier^ teqjt 

gtressively acquainted, and that on a legal object ion j that no oruninal 

the prisoner complaining the stuff offence had been committecl^ 004 

"Was not strong enough, he prepared that the subject was a naattar 4t 

him a solution of arsenic. Wit- trespass. He conteadedy tbat the in- 

"nen described- this as not offensive diciment must &1J, as it' waa oaoe^* 

in smellt the prisoner having in- sary to prove that the prisooer.hlMl 

formed him that the horses had malice against the owiuuf o^4bo 

tht&wti VLp their heads, and refused horse, to impoverish hUo^ apj^^^pft 

to* partake of the water into which against the animal ir He alaa iCMh 

the corrosive snblimate bad been tended tbat the object of ^ibo^- 

hifua^. The prisoner complained soner was to injure aodrnojt ^^i^. 

thb atuff was not strong enough ; The objectiona, howevM^ . tjiCMe 

ancl-on b^ing informed if it was over-ruled witboiU>raplyk.aii|d}j|£fl 

made Strang It would kill the prisoner was Gon«ictad»..>, v>« I^^ff 
horaes, 1ie'>repliied he did not mind The judge proooooofd^acgiMfa 

that, the Newmarket frequenters of death on tbe;>prisoiior; iffi ^ 

wett Mguea, and if he, meanmg formed hia^ in stflopglapgniugi^J 

witdesa, ' had a fortune to lose, could not expect menn ta^"^- 

they wouki' plunder him of it. tended to htm. ... ^ . ^^k^^.. 
The prisoner afterwards informed 2& At York a^keii^^^KUsi)^ 

witness he used the stuff which Woodger and SiisanoahXj^^iipSR 

was then strong enough, as it had charged with the willol miik^ cf 

killed a hackney and two brood a new*bom male infknL The 

mares. following is a brief bat ootrect 

Mrs. mibrook, a housekeeper sketch of this extraordiDanroaaat 

at Newmaiket, where the prisoner —On the 12th <tf Marcb* tha wilii 

lo^ed, proved having found a of G. Needham^ of BlackbiAi. 

holtle of liquid concealed under near Rotherfaamj waa daJitanudrf 

Dawson's bed, previous to (he two chiklren, a girt and'thiBf} 

hones having been poisoned; and the former waa p ei ftc By tanteii 

that Dawion was out late on. the but in the bojr thefier ^iMi ivdcA* 

Satordaj and Sunday cvenii^ pre* deocf in tho- -anfaritfr «MHnf 

.tha 



CHRONICLE. 97 

V 

tbe betd« Ae bmin not being itate, to make a represeotatSoo of 

protected by afijr bentf matter, tlie caie to «he' PriiMMi K<eg»nt^. r 

but mcr^f c6r^ftd by a mem- 23. On tliurday* GeM4:ai W^ 

hrtme* ^ WdOt^et-.HImidwifey 6o(i« iagton gained a coroptot» foctorf 

d;&THi|; Ifiat it was not likely to over tbe French armyr cofnmand* 

K¥e, ibrmed ihe ^laaign of ptmiog edi bf Marshal Marmootr fimt SiU* 

it' penbd to vi» e^lst^nce^ whUsh lamanca. 

#■« acetaimpli&hed' by droifimfn^ it York, Sufy 25. -^ Tbe busipesa 

hk fid <^artiten vesBel. le wai men on tbe ?::rown side ^nidied ye<ter* 

Biified, bttt Waa ^k^n trp' again day afteraooa. CMy one prisoaac 

M'ttiR^ l7th'ofi^rvh« fbrtbepor-* received leutence of death, a&4 

py of tb^ tibi^MerV inooest. that sentence uill be commated u> 

Tft6 atirg^etiMKlio etatnined the imprisonment. Mr« Jauice BmW/ 

bbdy; static^, that tbe child was said> be should not finally m* 

perfectly fbrmed, excq>t his bead, charge either the grand or petit 

ii^bich was <}efieient in tbe toperior paries, as tbeir services m-^bt pos^ 

pa^ in iHtb and ati half. Any sibly be wanted again. It was the 

pifeaatm npon it most have pro- intention of the jiulges to continae 

tfbded tiaiicerons eoaiaeqa^nces ) tb*«8sizea by adjoummeot^ that, 

tM -be did ndt think It possible if tbe state of the coanty sboald 

tBi^ lln ^ tthfld^covM haiw anrvii^ reooire it, they oaigbt resiame tb« 

dMrtrtMitafiff^boars. ' Tbepri* tsmes, and try suob persons aa 

*^6b^ naed no concesflment, and sbould be conofnitted > but he 

It wai^ di^r iIki t they acted under tmsted there wouldi be t^> ,oQC^sion 

tei^ken apprehensions iu t& tbe ftr this. Several of tbo jriptnra 

Htir, 'ftnd tmdghr they were jtis- bare been tried, and some of (hem 

tfrfled fti <wbM they did. Several IboAd guilty. The York iWld, 

l^es gi^'tBfc pvkoners a most to a repoft of • tbe triiak, b«6 jub« 

leideibDt ttiraeler ftr bvmanHy. joined the £>llowing p^ragf^pii;«-« 

Tbe evidenbe biiving been gone . '* ft may be pvoper hone to add^ 

ttinM^i Ms )bi*M)lp m his address that the most perfect onkr and de« 

"to ifte jbt^/said^" I tbtiik fbts coram pmvaiied in tbr court daring 

fr6i§iMtfti tAkj be c^ great nse tbe whole of tbe triala for notj^} 

to ^6-^ pulMic, !n retnovtng an and there ifr in the city ho military 

erroneous opinion^ that vbe law pamde^ nor any thiog ta indiifate 

albws 'tki^ r^t of deliberately that the county ts not in a state <^ 

taki^l; tiwbt tbe life of a human the most pfofound tranquillity and 

b^*bg Under ' any icincUmatances security. 

whate^, tt is therefore highly 27. A master of langaa|j^S| 
' necf ssaijr tt^( ithe cdntrary sbould named Dandpn, died lately at ^cr. 
be koown.'^ The jury found tbe tin, literally from denying himself 
prisonen^gnitty, Imt reeommetided the neoessarids of life, it app^pars 
them to mercy.'on (itKroont-of the that he gave instriictiom to bis 
miiaaken nottontmder Sivbicb they pc^ls during the day, and tiol^ci^ted 
acted. Hi^Md^ip^saidbeshoold alma at night. Under the floor of 
not pass sefjftarvoe'iil^n tbti prison- bis apartment were found con- 
en, but sbdnid' write by that coaled 20,000 croivns in specie. 
i}igbt*s post to '^e ^s^fetary of Ife bad no otJl>cr h^ir than bia 
Vol.. LIV. H brother. 



9S ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



broiber, whom he had jtefused to 
«ee for 3/ years, because he ha4 
ser^ a letter tobim without paying 
the poi^iage, ^ 

. 2$. Str{f(ta/te, — We feel txccrd- 
iagly sorry to notice, that a spirit 
of discord and party dissension h^is 
lately prevailed in sonie parts of 
this counJy, particularly a bom 
Kille(er, the fatal oiiecls of which 
were on Tuesday last (being the 
f^^ir day of Killcter) unhappily 
exempUtied. On the morning of 
that day, the Lougfield corps of 
cavalry and intnairy went to the 
lair, in con^queiice, it u said, of 
a report that a large* body of 
countrymen intended to collect 
there for thp purpose of rioting. 
In the course ot the dny, a dispute 
aiQse about the payment of cusr 
toms, and some of the cavalry 
were dispatched to quell the riot. 
In their progress to the scene of 
action, much confusion ensued in 
ihe crowded streets, and scverai 
people were thrown down ; and it 
being reported that a poor old wo- 
man had keen killed bv the care- 
{essness of the yeomen, the crowd 
began to follow the cava'ry, and 
throw stones at them. They re* 
treated to the high part of the 
street, and sounded the bugle for 
the infantry to join them, who 
were also assailed in the same 
manner by the populace^ and 
some of them severely hurt; this 
conduct so exasperated the yeo- 
manry, that they fired among the 
crowd, when, unfortunately, four 
people were killed on the spot, and 
twelve severely wounded. These 
are all the particulars of thii un- 
ibrtimate a^air which we have 
yet learnt. (Belfast Paper.) 

29 On the 20th of June last. 
Captain Wy$c, of the Modesty, 



which arrived at Watcrfoffl, ad the 
ioth instant,. spoke the lArreipk of 
the brig IVUy, pf fios^, in bit. 
31. 5C). N. Ijvng. 37. 40. W, «ttd 
iook off two nitn, who had iiilv 
sisted for. one hundred and ninciy- 
one days, on the vrreck,^ during 
which period they had eatea oc^ 
of their corapaoioi^. The Boll^ 
^iled from Boston on the l^th of 
December, bound to Santa Cru«, 
in the West ladies. On the IStb, 
she sprung a lcak» qarried avraj^ 
all het masts, and upset, b/ \<^bft^ 
^Ir. J S. Hunt, supercargo, and a 
negro girl, \vere lost, llie bng^ 
afterwards righted, but, of ih© 
crew, which, including passen^r?, 
consisted of nine persons, seven 
perished upon the wreck, an^ the 
pther two must have inevitabi^ 
shared the same fate^ liad they oot 
been fottunately extrldated from 
a state of unexampled sufFerio|^ 
and peril, by Capt. Wyse. 
- 30; A very superb eOtertasn- 
meut was given by the JJukeand 
Puchegs ol York, on Thursday^ "at 
Oatlands. The Dukes of Clareocc^ 
Kent, , Sussex, and Cambrld^, 
arrived thcrp in the course of tbe 
mornit^. Xh<^ Prioc« Regent and 
the Duke of Cumberland arrived 
soon after two o'clock. At balf- 
pa^t two the royal family of the 
Bourbons arrived, consisting of the 
Count de Lille^ Monsieur hts 
brother, tite Duke D'AngouIcmc, 
son to Monsieur, the Duchess 
D'Angoulenae, daughter to Loub » 
XVI. and the Duke dc Berri, the 
Prince of Cond6, the Phnceta de 
Conde, the Duke de Bourbon, the 
Duchess deSerrent, and the Duke 
de Graramont. They were re- 
ceived in all due form, by the 
Duke and Duchess of York and 
their attendants, and were con- 

. ducted 



CHRONICLE. 



99 



doctrt! tti the grand room opposite 
tbe Tiiames. • 

The Queen, and Princesses 

Angufitsi, Elizjbcthj Mary^ Sophia, 

and Charlotte of Wales, arrived 

at>out three o'clock from Windsor, 

escorted by a party of life guards. 

They were received by the I'rince 

Ref^ent, aud tbe Duke and Duchess 

cf York, and conducit*d lo die 

graod drawing-room, where they 

^vere formally introdurcd to tlie 

French Princes. The Duke of 

Yorks baud was stationed in a 

czurquee, on the lawn adjoining 

the dravving.roomj and on the 

'Entrance of ihe Queen, they struck 

^p ** God save the King." Soon 

sifter four o'clock a mo^t suniptti- 

C3U$ dinner was served up in the 

Srand dining-room. The Duchc>3 
)'Angoulciae sat between the 
^aeen and Princess Ciiarlotte of 
"\V"alcsj her Majesty p.irticularly 
directed her discourse to this in- 
terest iog .stranger. 

lu July, the celebrated classical 
f cholar^ Hcynr, died at Gottingen^ 
in the b3d yeur of his age. He 
x-elainrd all his literar>' ardour to 
Xhe la^t I and several persons had 
Xetters from him, written both in 
Cenxiao nod Latin, which were 
ciated the evrning before his death. 
Statement of the number of 
"barrels brewed by the twf.nty prin- 
cipal porter-houses, from July 5, 
1811, to July 5, 1S12:— 

Barrels. 
Barclay, Perkins, and Co. 2;o,2og 
Mcux, Reids, a:)d Co. - 188,078 
Hanbury and Co. - - 1^0,164 
Whitbread and Co. - - 132,446 
Calvert and Co. - - - 108,212 
■Henry Meaux and Co. - 102,4C)3 
Coombe and Co. - - - J 00,824 
Goodwin and Co. - - Sj,022 
£Uiott and Co. - - - 5^035 



Cox and Campbell (Gold- 
en-lane - - - - 51,2/4 
Taylor- ----- 51,220 

Clowes and Co. - - - 34,010 
Hollingsworih and Co. - 2^,038 
Martincau and Co. - - 24,443 

Hodgion 24,142 

PO'ors 20,210 

Starkey 18,136 

Tickdls -.•-.- 18;051 
Dickhison - - - - l(;,2g2 
Green nnd Co. - - - 14,890 
Staten'cnt of the number of bar- 
rels of ale brewed by the eight 
principal ale brewers in the Lon- 
don district, from the 5lh of July, 
ISIl, tothc5th of July, 1812:— 
Strt.it<ui,Bri;afl-strcct,Gol- 

den-M]uaro - - - - 24,362 
Chain. igton and Co. Mile- 
end 20,021 

Wyatt, Pv^rtpool-lane - J8,0C»7 
Coding and Co. Knights- 
bridge 13,055 

Thorpe and Co. Clerken- 

wcll 8.742 

Webb and Co. St. Giles's - 7,136 
Davies, Lambeth - - - 6,925 
Hale and Co. Redcross- 

street 6,653 



AUGUST, 

1 . Statement of the French army, 
— I'.stimate of the numbers, al- 
lowing to each battalion 6OO mco, 
and to each squadron 200. 
Infantry of the 
line, 610 Bat- 
talions - 366,000 
Light in&ntry, 

160 battalions g6,000 
Cavalry, 332 

squadrons * 66,400 



H2 



528/400 
Aoxiliarief, 



100 ANNUAL HEGISTER, 1812. 



brought orer 528^400 

Anxtliarieft^ &c. &c. 

lafaotTf of the 
line, \62 bat- 
talions - 97^200 

Light tnftfntry, 7 

battalioDs - 4^200 

Cavalry, 27 sqaa- 
dront - 5,400 



Exdosive of the 

trbops in the 

artUlery and 

engineer dc* 

partroentiy of 

whith there are 

French, 501 

companies, 

which taken at 

100 men each 50,100 
in the auxiliaries, 

J g companies 1 ,900 



106,800 
635,200 



52,000 



Men 687,200 
A lantentable accident happen- 
ed ia the small town of Villemur, 
near Tooloase. A honse, which 
iras v»-boilding, Aiddenly fell, 
and in its fiiU pnjled dowQ ano- 
jtfer. AniiAabtrdft^eiiionsbfdif- 
iifr^ent ages, Und both sexes, were 
iMCiried in the mihi. By great ex- 
ertions and labonr, twenty-three 
persons were dug out, of whom 
throe were, dead, Idlled iit the in- 
stant of the fail, another died two 
days afTQcyards, and all the rest 
wereoKntdrlesshiirt. 11ielandlot;d 
of one of .the hbilsies which Ml 
WMioiatid in the cellar, withhalf 
Ua^biod^ bdried in the ruins, but 
mlhohd.waa secured by pieces of 
:ffQQi^jfrik[dk, croiiifig each other 



as they fell, fonned a kind of areh 
over him. In this sitinttoD he re- 
mained five hoursy and heattf the 
djring groans of a girl of aizteetf» 
who expired over his bead, cruab- 
ed to death between tlie timben^ 
which, by the particnlar ' i to an a at 
in which tbeyfdl, had aateft^biB 
life. A mother, with a chiid la 
her arms, waa killed by a* Uoa# 
from one of the falling beanM,;iial 
her child fell at her feet. The 
cries of the liltle iufent were beo^ 
and it was at length got cRit;:&k 
otherwise hart than bjf> a* fM 
scratches on the face. 

All die money on boari -the 
Abergavenny, lost some years ago 
near Weymouth, to the attwdat of 
60,0001. in dollars, has beepa aa» 
covered by means of the disiag^ 
bell. The vessel has been ausaa 
blown up, under water, ao at 46 
prevent the witck fraea fanoSiagt, 
dangerous shoal. .- ^ 

3. Government, in oider.tMhac& 
the escape of French .prisooeog m 
also the guinea export aad anatt^ 
gling system, gave ordae»-?anr 
davs since, for the aciUnne of->al 
gallies of a certmn dea u i ytl aa v 
carrying dgbt oarsi aeveolHa 
were seind at Deal* tm:af 1dH» 
stone, Sandgaie^ frer ' H i fey art a 
beautiful description/^ -tepi^ 
about forty feet Ioim,^ patitod^oii 
the outside ao as to dude thea^hl 
at sea intbeoight^-aoligkll|taHib 
stnicted that nottalD|f dW^Mfc 
them, and In calm waathrtmifl 
can row over to tbb ilMfedbAato 
in two heiui.. 

chants iateieale& i^i'lMcmia^ 
New Sooth WOe^ ct^^jfim^ 
leaveto impott dizecfAMfVH^KMi 
conriderabie. qo am i toiJ li f ; ^'"' '' 
of *pi«l^ $tA pelifflaUii^ 



•{TrT.rblOfill' 




*- -y 






CHRONJCI.E. 



101 



-dooriof » ntwfiihcit contigtioos 
M* Ouheitei mm liKdy foferred 
iarMn<.^e.B(Nifd of TVade t^ the 
A«tIo4i9 Company. Tbe direo- 
lors nifiised tbcir pttvaiBskm, ua- 
k«s tt>e : peod tball be ladoi on 
boaidNVcweU chftrtenod by the 
jBoibeptoy; from Boteny Bay to 
Chim^p and £rom^ thence to Bog- 
ioad-wuhlcii 

^ In the^oag for iioft-residence» 
BmnAy v. Hoil* tod Rtsir. -— 
Catbeart^ trioAtast woek at York, 
Mbro Baron Wood, a verdict was 
fimnd lor the plaintiff with gaol 
itomigea. •- 

. 4: Laat'Weeki a fhark of conai- 
dend»le length was cai^ht with a 
ilK)Bf nonger line, at Devirs Point, 
<Qtontthoass, near Plymooth Dock : 
^amii mackerel wefe foond in his 
jKtty, and it it sopposed to have 
boen 4heL tame fish that the day 
before attacked a soldier of the 
Xw feu a h to toiftitia, who was swim- 
aiiog in Mill Bay, and wounded 
Uia:^flev»cely in the l^s. This 
waokl afierateas a caation toswim- 
me^ w^ reside on the shores 
washfd bfiHhe Attaatic, as sharks 
a*e.iiol«nff»)c»eot in the Channel, 
«id at thitstfason pursue the shoak 
of mackerel ani plehards into the 
baf aaod hai4boi»s. 

7. JWMir/isiiv^WilliaflQ Browo, 
a priMta in • the Royal Artillery, 
^^s indicted for the wilful murder 
of Isabella M'Guire, a child of the 
Itge ^ seven years. The circum- 
stances of this case were of an ex- 
traordinary nature. The pri^ner 
was servant to a lieutenant Web- 
ber, and bore a roost exemplary 
character in the regiment; some 
things, however, had been stolen 
ffcttn his roaster's closet, and he 
was su«ipected of the theft. Heab- 
ieiHed bicnself ^11 (he night of the 



4 th of April, and on the morning 
of the 5th, as early as between five 
and six, he came back to the bar- 
racks, and wakened a person of 
the name of Jefi^erys, with "^ bom 
he had lived. After some preli- 
minary conversation, he told him 
be had committed a crime for 
which he most be hanged, and de- 
sired to betaken to the guard-house. 
Adam Little, serjeant- major, there 
received him in custody 5 and de- 
siring to speak to the seijeant in 
Erivate, he then told him, that the 
ist night he had murdered a little 
girl. The serjeant desired him to 
state further particulars. He said, 
that getting over a style, which led 
into a lane, he saw the child at 
play, who cried when she saw 
him i that he then took the child m 
his arms, and with his iioger and 
thumb stradgled it. As soon as 
it was dead, he carried ft under 
bis arm for some distance, and laid 
it on some stone steps in a place he 
described. 

A witnes was called, who found 
the child in tbe place where the pri« 
soner had descnbed he had left, it $ 
and the surgeop stated, that by th^ 
marks under the throat, the chiM 
bad evidently been strangled in 
the manner described by the pri- 
soner. 

The prisoner could ascribe 00 
motive for tbis act; but told th^ 
serjeant he had no malice against 
lbs child, and could not tell how 
he came to do it. 

Mr. Curwood, as counsel for 
the prisoner, examined as to whe- 
ther the prisooer might not be la- 
boyring under temporary inflam- 
mation of the brain, from the im- 
proper use- of mercurial mediciile. 

The Serjeant snid, he knew the 
prisoner had administered mercury 

and 




m ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



and laudanum to hiaisclf, without 
medical advice, but lie did not 
Km)w in^hat quamwiea. 
- The Lord Chkrf Baron, in sum- 
piinj; up the ev'ulence, stated, that 
tlicnieie atrocity of the act itself 
^ust not bevconsid^^red evidence of 
insanity, otherwir^e the most guilty 
criniinals woujd escape, and here 
Vfiif evidence much too slight to 
inter any d^ra^s♦ement of mind. 

-The Jjury found the prisoijer 
guilty, and he received senience to 
be executed on the Monday. 
J 8T Koar finr children, belonging 
to Richatd Bnilth, a" day-Iabourrr, 
ef Abbt ydore, were consumed by 
lire in their father's cottage, on 
Tbnrsda}' se*nntght. Their mo- 
ther bad hired herself at a neigh- 
bour's houw to bake bread, aud 
le^ her children in the cottage, 
desiring the oldest, who was only 
five years of age, to take care of 
tbe others, the youngest of whom 
v^os a sucking child. It could not 
be known' how the house caugjrt 
f^Ci for the whole was in a con- 
flogralion before it was disco- 
vered. 

10. Sioce the abolition of the 
slave trade, about 2000 negroes 
have been rescued from slave ships 
by. our cruizer^. These men arc 
tK>w at Goree, and it is from them 
tJjat the West India regiments are 
to be recruited. 

12." Liverpool. — This afternoon 
the inhAbitants of this town \yer« 
gratified rvith the long-expected 
ascent of this intrepid aeronaut. Se- 
veral Jiours before the time fixcti 
for the ascent, crowds of people 
bad- occupied all the lanes ^nd 
avenues leading to the groaud, 
which was a convc^Dient enclosed 
fields near St, Domingo,, about a 
xulle and a half from the to^. 



At twelve the town was nearly 
deserted ; and the 8hop$ being al- 
most universally shut, it wore the 
aspect of Sunday, but with scarcely 
a person in the streets. The bal- 
loon was inflated within the en- 
closed area, which was partitioned 
off into three divisions, for the ad- 
mission of spectators, at fixed 
prices. Here upwards of two tboo- 
sand persons were assembled. The 
-operation of filling the balloon 
commenced about ten o'clock, and 
after it was inflated, the car wis 
attached to it, and Mr. Sadln* 
placed himself ii| his vehicle, 
amidst tlte acclamations of the 
spectators. 

" The ascent, which took place 
at half past two, was sublime ; not 
rapid, but deliberate and graced ^ 
exhibiting the beautiful propor6ooi 
of the whole vehicle, and the deco- 
rations of the car. The wind took 
the aeronaut in a south-east direc- 
tion, towards Knowsley-park j hot 
as it was not Mr. Sadler's inten- 
tion to travel far, he attained bs 
highest altitude in about twenty 
minutes at which time the bal- 
loon itself was reduced to a rerf 
diminutive size, and the car was 
totally invisible. 

*' The approach of the balloon 
to the earth was soon after appa- 
rent, and the descent was gradual 
and majestic. We st^pose tl^ 
actual descent to have' taken plaO( 
in the neighbourhood of KiMwa- 
ley-park. about four imles firogl 
t his ."— -/>lwr^o#/ Cjk/-/^. 

On this day, the birth-da; rf 
the Prince Regent, the first >tdbQ 
of the Breakwater,' io .HyiDCMUh 
Sound, wa^ lowered down. At 
ten o'clock in the morning two 

boats fVom cver;^: *^^ ^^ *^^ 
mdaze attended at tbcadmiralfs 

stair?^ 



CHRONICLE, : \i» 

• 

stairi. Mount Whe. Aboot noen ncmbeiiess parties tailtDg arooxMl^ 

fbe- commander in cbief, Sir R.' tbacn. 

Calder^ accompanied by admiral 13. At the iate L%w^ Asslz^s^ 

Sir £. Buller, bart. and all the cap- James Robinson, who holds a mill 

fains or commanders of hb M{i}€^« In the neis^hbourhood of Oswes-* 

ty's vessels fn commission at this try 5 John Hughfs, landlord of the 

port, rowed otT in procession^ with Red Lion/and post-master at Rye; 

flags and streamers flying, passing and William Hatter, fisherman of 

between the island and the main, that town, were convicted before 

and toatiding the eastern end of the nght honourable' lord Ellens 

Drake's island, on their passage borough, of a conspiracy to effect 

towards the outer part of the the escape of general Pbillippon; 

Sound, ' ^ andlicutenantGarnier, two French 

The mayor and corporation of otficers, who, in breach of their 

Plymoatb also went in procession parole of honour, absconded from 

to the Barbican-stairs, where they Oswestry, on the 30th of Jun^ 

took water, and also proceeded to last. The evidence adduced in 

the Sound. A vast number of support of this charge satisfied the 

boats from the shore were scatter- jury, not only that these liien were 

ed over the Sound; and the ships guilty of diis conspiracy, but that 

of war were decorated with the Robinson and Hatter had actually 

colours of different nations— the conveyed the two F^encbm^n to 

Stapdard of the United Kingdom the enemy's coast 5 and* the jury, 

flying over the whole. Towards without hesitation, found them 

one o^clock, the boats assembled guilty. His lordship, in a most 

round the vessel that hf Id the impressive manner, after expatiat- 

stone (about four tons weight), ing on the enormity of this of- 

The Camel store-ship gave the fence, which he decbrcd was 

signal, by firing a gun ; and the scarcely to be distingulished From 

stone was lowered to its base, at high-treason, adjudged Robinsoa 

the western extremity of the and Hughes to be confined in the 

Breakwater, amid a royal salute of common gaol of the county of Sus- 

cannon from the ships in Cawsand sex, ibr the space of two years. 

Bay, Plymouth Sound, and lEIa- and within the first month to b6 

moaie. placed in and upon the pillory on 

The scene, heightened by the the sea-shore, near the town of 

beauty of a fine day, was charm- Rye. and as near as could be with- 

ing beyond description $ the grand in sight of the French coast, that 

open^ Dosom of the Sound was they might be viewed, as his lord« 

crowded by an immense number ship observed, by those enemies of 

of pleasure-boats, cutters, barges, their country, whom they had by 

kc. ; the men of war, in comme- their conduct so much t>e^ended : 

fooratibn of the birth-day of the and Hatter, having been on the 

PiitiCe, tnsariilg the royal. standard same day convicted of an offence^ 

at th^ tnain^ were decorated with for which he had been sentenced 

Btimerous .and variegated fiags^ to be imprisoned for twelve Calen- 

and formed a pleasing picture, dar months, #as adjudged 10 bd 

stutifaunded as they were ny the imprisoned in the same* gaol fokf 

the 



J04 ANNUAL. EEGl«TER, 1812. 



—On -the 13tb of Augoit, m6c 
oootinaed soltrf wealher^ a pieee 
of woody ground^ coxnprisiag 
twelve £iigluli acret, Aiddcaly 
sunk about five feet ; oa tfaie aoUi 
it fell two feet moie ;: 6n the Mih 
it sunk another foot, and contaoiu 
ed giving wajr* almost in4pefccptiit 



the fipaoe of two years, to be com- 
puted from the expiration of bis 
firnt sentence. 

** S^«2JfewV.— This day our town 
has been in a state of confusion 
and riot, which has r.ot yet ceased. 
Lord MUtou, the Earl of Effing- 
bans, Menrs. Wortley, Parker, and 

Corbelty justices of the peace, arc biy» until, by the 4th of Sepi 
all now here. I'he horse soldiers ber^ it had sunk fifteen feet. Tfab 
arc parading the streets, and the frightftd chasm jreniained near a 
militia are under arms. Thcpopu- week, and was visited by tba»* 
lace have drawn up a paper, which sands. On the I2th the surface 
they, have called upon the fiour- of the laud became raarahv } since 
dealers to sign, engaging that they which water was observed to rite, 
will sell flour at three shillings per and by the IQth, it had eatirelfF 
stone; and threatening them, if filled the vacuity, and pieaeBted a 
they do not, to destroy (heir pre- level sheet of water. 



irnses. I believe tnost of them 

have complied^ and there have 

been aproe hundred stones sold at 

that price this .ifternoon, in all 

parts of the town. Some fiour- 

■dealers have certainly lost this property taxes, for levying the 

day hundreds of pounds, by their tame contrary to the laws of _tbe 



16. The minister of Rolhtay 
brought an action of trespass, in 
the Court of Exchequer^ at Edin- 
burgh, against a person emplofed 
by the collector of asaeated and 



ancient realm of Scotland* : The 
reverend gentleman pleaded cx« 
emption as a clergyman of the 
established church of Soetlaadfia 
virtue of cenatn actt of the Sm- 
tith parliament, which».*h».co»* 
tended^ exempted 4be ScolAli 






being obliged to sell it at reduced 

prices. Lord Milton made a speech 

to ^e populace, and told them 

they must endeavour to wait until 

the harvest wa5 got in; at which 
they were much infuriated. The 
nsob threw several stones at his 

Iftrdsibipt hut the military protected clergy from payment of tSk 

hiin. .Some of them threatened past» preseotv. and,le 

to pvoceed to Wentworth-boute. the part of the crown, H 

What aeemt most alarming is, that tweredi that no each 

every nijgbt there are meetings of was ever given ihf the eetaln,^BMl« 

the ipQb in the vicmity of the Ijiiiii mill sIm mill J hi j hiuiUBiiihpp 

town ^ I .truat, however, all will be pened to coatmm any tnek-^wW* 

iettJed peaceably. It is now ten able daoic^ tin vheb Mddliepi- 

oVdock ai night, and the town nnrnnrtiriniailly snrrnirtfiraiLj^ibn 

«eMa tolerably tranquil. Flour unioifc. Tbe/cemil.:*! — ^ ^-^ 

tf.Iale.haa told for scren thillioga two entire days upon 

. jcr st0|^9 nearly treble to what it qneitioii» ..when .«A/^i _ 

iat^ for on ordinary ocoasiont." vaaoimcNidgr givett^ AehtiwAi^ljF 

..,t^. following cariona pheoo- had no right whaMert t#ijhii«f« 

.(IBMiviere witnatsed at Oicssen, en^ion daieBed«: *iv ''^uiT^rSuq 

mm iMldi^. of the Uppa Khii)e : J9.tbeili«qK«lipp»r * ^ 



'»!, 



CHRONICLE. 



105 



<A icooant of Lord Welliogton's 
vktory, which commenced on 
Holiday the IJth, were continued 
for three dayi , and were attended 
with much disorder and mischief. 
The Lord Mayor incurred consi- 
derable blame on this occasion^ for 
having sent notice to an evening 
paper, on the third day, signifying 
hii intention of particularly illu- 
mtbating the Mansion-house on 
that night. 

FrmcA Pris9JUrs, — As a proof of 
the good treatment of the prison- 
en oif war in thb country, the fol- 
lowing comparative statement of 
those tick and in health will be 
the best answer to the calumnies 
4)f the Moniteur :•— 

TJkursda^, August 20. 

1q health. Sick. 

Oo board priaon-ships 

JIaiDoaze - - 6100 6l 
3o Dartmoor depot 7500 7^ 

This snudl proportion of sick is 
sot the common average of per- 
sons not confused as prisoners of 
^wnr. At Dartmoor depot 500 pri- 
soocvf , foch as labourers^ carpen- 
ters) smiths* 3cc are allowed to 
^work from san*rise to Bun*setj 
are paid 4d. and 6d. per day» 
ling to their abilities, and 
iMve eadi their daily rations of 
pioviaioas, tie. a pound and a half 
of iRefldj hidf a pound of boiled 
boeff half a pound of cabbage* and 
t propoftion of soup and small beer. 
Tb«y '^v«ar a tin piate in their caps, 
iwtth tbe titk of the trade they are 
#tt|pldyed io, and return every 
eniiiiig to the depot to be mus- 



K^aOi JMk Mia^9 Ftfri.— -The fol- 
/fenAng inttftesting extract from a 
|Krio<Koal publication, contains the 
pardculare of the melancholy ^nd 
i^liuaeiitcrprirfiig irbveller :— 



" The last accounts of Mr. Park, 
firom himself, were from Sansand- 
ing, on the Niger, whence he 
transmitted his journal to the go* 
vernment. The African Instim* 
tion are about to publish this im'» 
mediately,- for the benefit of hit 
unfortunate family. Along widi 
Mr. Park's Journals, will be pub* 
lished that of Isaac, a native Ma* 
hometan, who having accompanied 
him to Sansanding, was afterwar<fi 
sent by govetnor Maxwell to pro* 
cure some account of his fate- 
he returned to Senegal, after an 
absence of twenty months, and 
made his report in writing. From 
it we extract the following account 
•of Mr. Park's death, as given to 
Isaac, by Amadee-Fatoutnai who 
accompanied him from Sansanding 
on board a large schoonrr-rigged 
canoe, in which he had undertaken 
the navigation of the river to Ita 
mouth. Araadee-Fatouma ae- 
companieil him till two or three 
days after he had reached the kira- 
dom of Haou«sa. 

•• Next day," saf s he, "Jyfe 
Park departed, and I slept In the 
village (Yaonr). ^ext momiog 
I went to the king to pity my ie« 
spects to him. On enteriog tbe 
houi^, I found two inen, wfaa 
came on horseback; they were 
'sent by the chief of Yaoor. Thej 
siud to the king, ' We are sent by 
the chief of Yaour, to let you know, 
that the white men went away, 
without giving you or him . (toe 
chief) any thing-— they have a gfcat 
many things with them, and we 
have received nothing from tfaeni f 
and this Amadee-Fatouma, now 
before you, is a bad man, and hiis 
likewise made a tool c^ you both.* 
The king immediately ordered iiie 
GO be put ID iron^i which was ac 

cordlii^<i| 



106 



ANNUAL REGISTER,. 1812. 



cordint;!/ done, and enery thing I 
liad, taken ftom mr. — <nmf were 
for kilting me, and some vevc for 
prcicrving my life. The next 
morning ihc king sent an army to 
a village i-alltd Bi.ti'-a. near tht; ri- 
ver's side — ihtrcts hcfcre iliis vil- 
large a rock, arniss the whole 
Lreadlhuf ihe river — one pan of 
lliB rock is viry high ; there is a 
Jai;go opening in thi-i rock, in ilie 
form of a door, which is the only 
pj^&age tor the water to pass 
through: thrr tide current is heri! 
very strong-- theamiy wentand look 
possession of lliclupof ihi.'; open- 
ing. Mr. P;irk cimr. there ntitr the 
army liad posicd itself: iie never- 
theless atlempteil to jiais. I'he 
people lif gan to attack him. throw- 
ing lance*, pikes, arrows, and 
(tniteu. Mr. Park defeiidi'd him- 
self tor a long time: two of his 
tlaves, at the i.iem of the camH^, 
were kilted — they threw every 
thing ihvy had in llie canoe into 
the rivtr, and kept firing ; but be- 
ing overpowered by numbers and 
fatigue, and unable lo krep op the 
caaoe against the current, ai^H no 
probabiltiy of escaping, Mr. Park 
took hold of one of the white mrn 
and jumped into the waliT — Mar- 
tih di.d the same, and they were 
drowned in the Eireain in attempt- 
ing to escape. I'he only slave re- 
maining in the boat, seeing the 
natives persist in ihrowing wea- 
pons at the canoe, sinod n)>, and 
•aid. to them, ' Stop throwing now ; 
jpa sue noLhing in tf>e caroe, aad 
qobQd; but myielfi therefore 
craae. Take me and the can>!e, 
bat don't kill me.' Tliry took 
pgatetticHi of the cancj and the 
'quQ. «nd carried them to tlie 
king- 
'■,v.l vac kept .in irons tlirea 



months; the king thfii rclMsi^ 
me, .ind gave me a female slave. 
I immediately went to the slave 
taken in the cauoe, who t>.ld me 
in what manner Mr Park and all 
ofthrm hud died, and what I Iisve 
relalecl ahove, ' 

21. Ckeiter. — Wednesday, his 
Maicstys Justices of Assize, R. 
Dallas and F. Burton, esfjrs. ar- 
rived at ihe Castle, and immedi- 
atdy opened their commission. 

This day llicy proi-eedcd to the 
trial of John Loraai, and £dilh 
Morrey. both nf whom ucre ac- 
cu.sed of the murder ol her hnl- 
band. After the trial had occn- 
pied the ctiuK ne:iily seven bonrs. 
tht- pri'oners were both coni-icicd 
atid ordered for execution on Mon- 
day, ihe24lh instant. On receiv- 
ing his sentence, Lomas stretched 
out his hand, and exclaimed^^" I 
deserve it all — I don't wish to live 
— bnt 1 hope for mercy." He 
maintained the grr.aiest composure 
throu);hout the trial. Mrs. Mor- 
rev, the miserable widow, pleaded 
picgnancy : a jury of matrons wa» 
empanneled, and they jctumcd a 
true bill. Her execution, there- 
fore, will most likely be put off till 
the commencement nf die eDaain|f 
year. She raainLtainad the samei 
composure on her trial wbicli she 
all along manifested ; eild,- witb- 
thecxccplion of I 
did not seem at al 

Asotha offwut 
Lomas and Edith 

the court from ei{ i 

iog till two in the I 

ball was crowdet i 

and the heat w» I 

Morrry, tbe frnwl i 

first brought to iti 

beftire ber fare, ti< I 

to be lakcQ vS, \ 

_ . J 



CHRONICLE. 



107 



ficc durinrr ihe v.'hole of the trial 
with her liand kerchief, and nio'^t 
of the time reclined her he:ul on 
the front of the bar. Throu'jhoiit 
the whole of the awful proceed- 
ing's she preserved a sullen un- 
moved hardness. We iiKLlerstnnd, 
that durinj: her examination bv I he 
ni;:trons, she shed tears. She docs 
not appear, from ihe time of her 
injprisonmcnt, to have entertained 
apprehensions of being convicted. 
Last week, it seems, she purchased 
some articles of wearing apparel, 
and spoke conhdently of going 
home as on Saturday last. Lomis, 
from his iir^t being taken into cus- 
tody, to the period of trial, openly 
and unreservedly conf'rsscd the 
crime in all its eircum<tanc('s. 

22. Bristol. — I'he following 
most disgraci-ful and inhuman 
conduct was witnessed last week 
in this city. C)n WeJncbday, as 
one of the scrjeants of the L?itrim 
militia was w.-tlking, between eight 
a!id nine o'clock, throngh St. 
Jumes's church-yard, he was ac- 
c6ste(^ by a man, who askt^d him if 
he belonged to the Irish mihiia 
xefc^iment quartered in Bristol. His 
answer was, that he did. He then 
^Nked him how he liked tliis coun- 
try; he replied Trry much. He 
then began to abuse the serjeant, 
by damning him and cvfry one 
from his country ; when a second 
man cinie behind him, and with a 
carvini: knife, or some smilarinstni- 
ment, cut the sinews of his right 
I'*!; in so dreadful a manner, that 
the poor fellow has not been able 
to be removed from the public- 
hpnsc to which he was immedi- 
ately conveyed. I'he serjeant re- 
CoU<"cl.*i' W(l the fare ut the man 
whp s}>oke to him. His deposi- 
tion as to the facts stated^ h'As, we 



understand, been properly taken 
down, and we trust that the mis- 
creants will be soon discovenrjd. 
The sf rjenntbcfrsa most excellent 
chancier in his regiment; indeed, 
the conduct of the whole reriment, 
since they have been among us, 
has been truly exemplary. 

25. Dublin — On Mondav mcrn- 
in last, as Pierce O'Brien Butler, 
esq. of Dnnboyne-castle, and his 
family, consistingof Mrs. Butler and 
their two daughters, were proceeding 
on their way from Caher to Mi- 
ch:ielstinvn, on the road to Mal- 
low, thvy wore stopped within two 
hundre I yards of Tincurry-gate, 
and wiihitv si^ht of four or rive 
cabins (some of whose inhabitants 
were lookinsf on at the transac- 
tion), by a >>inirle footpad, armed 
with a blu:iiier!>nss, who demanded 
tliLMT money. Mr. Bntler p?r- 
ceivinij from the fellow's manner 
that he wa«? no veteran in iho busi- 
ness, parlied with him to gain 
time, not being armed ; when the 
fellow called out to a colleague to 
comf forward; and. on Mr. But- 
ler's looking round, he itnmcdiately 
saw the second freebooter in a 
ditch, armed also with a short 
bhmderbuss on the rest, and le- 
velled at his (Mr. Butler's^ person, 
Mr. Butler then gave the first as- 
sailant his watch, with which he 
thought to satisfy him; and the 
ruffian looked at and examined itj 
during: which his comrade saying 
somr tiling to him, he threw back 
the watch, and swore vehemently 
that he would lodge the rontr^nta 
of the blunderbuss in Mr. Butler's 
body, unless he instantly gave up 
his money. Mr. Butler, however, 
escnjjcd by giving up eight guinea 
notes, which he had loose in one 
of his waistcoat pockets: very 



OK 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 181;:. 



'.rkilv t\ r liiniscif" lie b;kl con- 
iivcM, while the r^hbtr was exa- 
liniiig his watch, to slip his 
(H:ket book, containing nearly 
(X)l. in notes, under the cubhion 
f the seal. 

'J 5. This nii^ming, at 2 o'clock, tn 
bniiiiis: fire broke out at Mr. Hoi- 
and's, tallow-chandler, South Aud- 
^v-stre«*t, Grosvcn or- square. It 
jegiin in the back melting ware- 
louse, in Reeves's Mews, and 
hree of the adjoining stables were 
locn burnt to the ground. There 
^cre nearly 400 tons of tallow on 
he preniis>cs. all of which uere 
:onsumed, and, of course, adced 
»rcatly to the fary of the flami.s. 
Fifty chaldron of coals, belongit g 
to a retail dealer in that article, 
were also consumed. The follow- 
ing arc some of the houses which 
have been destroyed or damaged 
em this occasion : — That of Messrs. 
Stodart and Bolton, Coach- makers; 
—the carriages all savfrd; the 
house of madame Javmond, mil- 
Hner, has sustained much damage ; 
that of Mr. I'iarsons, baker. Mount- 
street, burnt, and a quantity of 
flour ; Mr. Teby's stables, and Mr. 
Bntchers slaughter-houses, in 
Reeves's Mews, totally consumed ; 
the house of Mr. Owen, tinman, 
rnoch damaged. The 3d Guards, 
from I'urtman barracks, and the 
members of various volunteer as- 
sociations, attended with great ala- 
crity, and greatly assisted the fire- 
men in rheir exertions. A fireman 
was considerably bruised by the tail- 
ing in of the roof of JVfr. Holland's 
house, bnt no lives were lost. 

An interesting occuirence took 
place at Folfcingham. A poor 
wcnnan^ who had obtained a pass 
billet to remain there all mght, 
was bitting by, the fire of the kit- 



chen of the Greyhound inn, with 
an infant child at her breast* when 
two chimney-sweeps came in, wb« 
had been engaged to sweep some 
of the chimneys belonging to the 
inn early next morni*tg. They 
were, according to custoaii treated 
with a supper, which they had be* 
gun to eat, when the younger, a 
boy about seven years of age, hap- 
pening to cast his eyes upon the 
woman (who had been likewise 
viewing them with a fixed atten- 
tion firom their first entiance)^ 
started up, aiid exclaimed- in a 
t ran tic tone — " That's my mo- 
ther!" and immediately fiew into 
her arms! It appears that lier 
name is Mary Dm vis, and that she 
is the wife in a private of the 2d 
regiment of foot guards, now aerv- 
iiig in the Peninsula; she residei 
in W' est minster ; her husband 
quitted her to embark for iorc^a 
service on the 20th of last Jann* 
ary ; and on the 'iStb of the same 
month she left her son in the caie 
of a woman who occupied the 
front rooms of her house, while al>e 
went to wash for a family in the 
neighbourhood ; on her return in 
the evening, the woman had de- 
camped with her son, and* not* 
withstanding every cfibrt wms made 
to discover their retxeai, they faiid 
not since been heard of$ but bar- 
ing lately been informed tbtft the 
woman was a native of Leedt^she 
had come to the resolution of going 
there io search of her cfaild^ «mI 
with this view had walkc^d fiom 
London toFolkii^bam(lQ6niles) 
with an infant not nwn tfaa» ate 
weeks old in her af^. The^fanj^ 
master statedi that about Aelattcr 
end of last January, he met a wo^ 
man and boy in the vicinttj. of 
Slcafoi^]^ where heresidfs r "^ 



CHRONICLE. 



109 



peared very raggedy and otherwise 
much diftrei»edi and was at that 
time beadng the boy most severe- 
\y : tbe then accosted him (the mas- 
ter), saying, ^ewas in great cUs- 
tress* and a long way from home ; 
and after some (in ther preliminary 
conversation, said, if he would give 
her two guineas to enable her to 
get homei she would bind her son 
appreotke to him ; this proposal 
was agreed to, and tiie boy was re- 
golariy indentured^ the woman 
having previously made afRda* 
vit as to being hb own mother. 
This testimony was corroborated by 
tbe boy himself i but as no doubt 
Temaioed in the mind of any one 
ipecting the boy*8 real mother, 
masterj without further oere^ 
resigned him to her. The 
iaftulbitants interested themselves 
^veky bumindy in tbe poor wo- 
jouna behalf, by not only paying 
Iter coacb-fkre bock to London 
^her chikiren having been freed by 
^xie cf the proprietors)^ but also by 
^oUectiDg for her the sum of 

36. At the Lancaster assizes, 

2ffr. Martin LoUey was foond 

^poiity cf "bigamy. The first mar-^ 

xlifge "was proved to have been 

ftolOTDiiised in England some years 

ago I snd the second was con- 

trttCted in the beginning of the pre- 

leiityear, the first vrife being alive. 

Od the prisoner's bebalf several 

vitnaKea were examined, by whom 

it vai proved, that previous to the 

Mcood marriage, a divorce had 

bseo med lbr> and obtained, in 

to0daiid, by the first wife, on the 

giwuid of adultery. Mr. Duncan, a 

tPyiltriO tbe signet, and a solicitor 

m tbe Scoich ecclesiastical court, 

wm niMnined as to the mode of 

p BOO ^odi pg in such cases j and it 

Bffmnd, that previous to a c!ivorce 



bring obtained it is always ctti<* 
toinTy mid neccsMry to b«ive evi^ 
ileiice of tbe real grounds upon 
which the pursuer 8c;eks for the di- 
vorce, and also to hear the demur- 
rer's reasons why it should not be 
givrn. He said there had beeii 
numrrou-i instances otdlvo^ceii be<^ 
ing obrained in that manner, and 
recognized as legal > but on his be- 
ing asked whether he ever knew of 
nn English marriage being dissolv- 
ed by tlie decree of the Scotch ec- 
clesiastical court, he said he could 
not recollect an instance. The 
jury, by the direction of his lord** 
ship, brought in a verdict of guilty; 
but reser\'ed the case for the couai- 
deration of the twelve judges. 

27. IludiUrrfieid.^\jx^X. Friday 
night, about iifty men, all armed 
with guns, went to the house 0f 
Mr. Edward Hepworth, a farmer aC 
Sheepridge, about two miles fixm 
Hdddersheld, and after breakiof^ 
open his doer with an iron tiiall« 
they demanded a gun ; but on bip- 
ing told he had no fire-amia, tli«|r 
insisted that he should reduce tlie 
price of his corn and milk; and 
then proceeding to destroy hii fur- 
niture, they broke to pieces -Us 
clock, tablrs, and every thuig Of 
value in his house. . After tins 
wanton outrjage, they proceeded 10 
several other houses in that neigh- 
bourhood, where they commiued 
similar depredation*, and then dis- 
persed. We have now upwards of 
1000 soldiers in this town: tbe 
publicans are very much distressed 
to accommodate them. There are 
only about thirty-three public- 
houses in the town, so that eacJi 
bouse has, on an average, upwards 
of thirty soldiers. How icing this 
is to continue we cannot tell. 

lykk. — The hcrriog-iisLery , in 
this neighbourhood is going on 



no ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



fmcxcssfuliir. Nothing can be more 
plcahuig than to see the bustle 
which this occasions, and the num- 
ber of vessels constantly going 
backwards and forwards, in the 
new harbour thrre were alx)ve 40 
bail at one time; and it is sup- 
posed that there are from 5 to (300 
boats employed in the herring - 
iuhing on the coast, above 100 
cj( which are from the soutliern 
parts of Scotland, and sonie from 
■Norihunibcrland. 

29. Leeds, — It must be salisiac- 
tory to every well-wisher to quiet 
and good order, to know from the 
most unquestionable autiiority, that 
not less than a thousand n.en, to 
wliom illegal oaths had been nd- 
niinistercd, have, within the last 
four or tive days, flocked to the 
magistracy at and near Stockport, 
to abjure those oaths, and to take 
tbe oiitb of allegiance. 

Unhfi'Hall, — A man of de- 
cent appearance applied to the sit- 
ting magistrate, under symptoms 
of great distress of mind, for re^ 
dress of various injuries inflicted 
upon him by a person, who, be 
saidy had long held him in siibjer- 
tioir by the power of wiichcraft 
1'he person complained of had, for 
some time, .been his opposite neigh- 
bonr; and ahhongb it bad been his 
(the complainant's) constant study 
not loofl'cnd him, being well aware 
of the influence he possessed with 
the powers of darkness, yet he had, 
in some way or other, been so un- 
.fortunate 28 to incur his displea- 
fture ; and severely he had bu$*ered 
for it both in person and property, 
as the wizard had at diflferent times 
destroyed his clothes, tainted bis 
proviftionBy prevented tbe smoke 
ascending tbe chimnie9« soured the 
Jiquor in bis cellar, and on various 



occasions, when the complainaoC 
has been under tbe necessity of 
going out on business, had so faaci* 
nated his powers of vision, that on 
his return home, all his eflbrts t9 
discover his own door had proved 
ineflectual. These circumstaucea 
had obliged him to remove from 
the Kent-road to Westminster; 
but even by that he had not escaped 
the power of his enemy, wbo atili 
retained his influence, atid exerted 
it in a manner yet more painful to 
him, by inflicting upon him gouty 
and rheumatic pains, and torturing 
him in various ways. ' Under alf 
these circumstances, he entreatsd 
the magistrate to cite the magician 
before his tribunal, and to inflict 
such pains and penalties upon him 
as should prevent his disturbing 
society for the future, llie magis- 
trate promised to comply with Jib 
request, and advised hira in tbe 
mean time to go home, and reit 
satisfied that nocflbrt in his poweic 
should be wanting 10 prevent t^. 
exW spirit troubling him in future;. 
With this rourancc, the*! coid;; 
plainant declared bi nisei fprricctljr 
satisfied, and said, he felt tbat in cqn^^ 
sequence of his having chrovrnhuil^ 
self on the protect k>n of tbeBcq^j, 
the pains with which behad'iora9| 
long a time been* ajBictcd Ymt 
very much abated. 

31. A cotut- martial was bdd io 
the Dowa<i, on . thjB Hon.. Hcnnr 
Blackwood, commander of his 
Majesty's ship WarsfKte, upoo a 
charge of having caused the desth, 
of a master of a merchant acfaooiMr, 
in the Meditemoean, by ondenog 
several gsina to be fired intQ. her* 
The merchant vesseli it sppduod, 
was going up the Mrditnanmu. 
when Captain Blackwood wa^eaqi* 
ing down with a oocifoft .aoA* ffcs 



CHRONICLE. 



Ill 



vadal means were ihkcn to bfii)^ 
her to; bat the miiiter of liw 
«:hoor*er pTsiatcl in Jiis cc^urse, 
and n\?Ati nvjre j-riiL As caocain 

I 

fi. had to prou-ct iiia convoy :ii::ii:i*.t 
SLircral privntcer s<:iiocnicrs wiiich 
i)e kDcvir M'erc near, he considered 
it im^^eriou^ on him (o a^icertnin 
that this was not one of thoae ves- 
atlsy which might inu-iul in the 
evening to cofne dcwa upon die 
rear «f his convoy. lie, conse- 
quently, cast orta ironspoit lie h.id 
m tow, went in cliace of the 
flchooner^ and, with scvernlofthe 
convoy which were nrmiul, tired 
at her, wiicn, nnfjrtiiimtcly, the 
master was kil'^d. The vessel 
was then brought to the wind. 
Tlie mate c.f the tchooner im- 
mediately made a representation 
ut ihc circumstance to the Admi- 
ralty, and Capt. B.'s conduct was 
ordered to be investigated by a 
court-martial. On the day men- 
tioned it came on; but neither 
the mate or any other pcrsion be* 
longing to the schooner appeared 
ro substantiate the alleged charge 
of marder, though proper notice 
]iad been ^\\'tl^ tLcm of the trial. 
The court r of which Admiral Foley 
sit a* president), upun a recital of 
the circumstances, not only ac- 
quitted Capt. B. of any blame 
whatever, but adjudged hi«i con- 
duct to h;ivc bef-n strictly correct, 
and that he could not have acted 
otherwise. 



SEPTEMBER. 

• 

1. The old parlinmetit hotis? of 
Fctth was lately taken down to 
make room for a new hoosf?. 
Last week the workm^ii^ who 



were enl ployed in digging a vault 
tor the intended structure, ditioo- 
vered a large (juantity of silver 
coins, about eighteen inches below 
the surface of the street. Ihey 
were in a sl.ite of oxvdaiion, and 
many of iht'in aiiherinij; together 
in a liinip. '1 iiey ^eem to be chiefly 
Kji^lisjj :ind Scotrh pennies of the 
L'^ifli r-nfiiry. Among themis a 
coin of J(jhn £jiioi. 

4. In the beginning of last week 
an inKiien^e shoal ot Jierrings ap-' 
pe.ired on the coast near Peter- 
head ; iiitd on Tuesday and Wed- 
nesday, not less than from 600 to 
lOuo bin els were taken for sate* 
ing. l:i consequence of such aa 
cxtraordinnry supply, frcth her- 
rings \yere sold at a penny per 
doz:;n in the market. Numerous 
whales, of the species called lin- 
ners, followed the shoal. 

Several hundred hog&heads of 
pilchards were taken in Mount's 
Bay in the early part of last week: 
A great quantity of hake, pollock-, 
conger, \'c. have also been taken 
on the coast. Wednesday se'nnight 
the scans at Mc\agissey had en- 
c losv'd 1000 hoi;shcads of pilchards. 
I'his very vasouabie supply of fish, 
ti^eihcr with a plentiful crop of 
potatoes, hjs j^reaijy reliried the 
poor in C'ornwjil from thepres.sure 
i>cca signed by il:e high price of 
corn. 

As socne la b< Hirers were a few 
day* ap) clcaniri-^ out a pit at 
WixxlstavcH, near Drayton, in this" 
county, ihcy discovered a coat of 
mail, t xlending: from ihe neck to 
the girdle, which weighed 2ti!h. 
It is in excrilcn* prt*servalion; the 
le:ifhcin tl»i ngs which buckle it 
on, and tho \.y\\l or gilding on the 
se.niss, btin^ tv sly as frctlj as 
e\cr. A-: a L tiic was fought at 

l»lorc-he.!tl., 



Ilfi ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 

.Bktre-lieMli, fdtlte7an-l43d, be* 5. [Rw it* ZmA-Mm im/. y-* 

VtKta ibe United forces of the A number (tf noctanidl depndi- 

Dake of York and tbe Bail of tioni hove been tUi veek -onr^ 

Sali^ltT, and those of ibc king milled in the pamk'of iUtte. 

«ofiilbantle«l hj Lord Audlej, vho la tbe aigkt betwecs SiAiximymai 

Wii bnten tbodt jour milei from Sanday lut, a fntfut wiia 

thli ipoi, Aie coat might posubly iiealen entered tfae bMue tf Ifr. 

hive Deeti thrown away bj one of Halgfa, sf ^untxti, «ad ~ • '- . 

tbe Mldiert of the routed army^— hina three ftuift nf 'i 

(SatifJmmalJ Mondtr^ nigbt, thnsof tk»Mta. 

In tbe neighbourhood of VillC' able iBbabitanlt of TkornfaUtiiDakr 

nenve, Switzeriand, a part of Ihft Brigboue, were cMh jifcaiMwd'tf 

«aiteni cbiin of the Fourches, a gun. Tbe featna night « U«i- 

w&Idi had beet] sapped by 8 ttream derbusi wtniSied intouie bdiM«f 

that ran st iti baie, suddenly fell Mr. WaddingDHi, 

wilhatenMcnoise. Aboat ifairty corn-miller, and 

COttagci were buried betieaih the lodged in tba cieliag of^it*be4- 

nunf, and twel?B of their inmatea room: aiiiiukctwa'(ias'fitBd'ifli9« 

killed. Tbe noise of the All wai the parionr window, nda Imoe 

tiekrd at the distance of six miles. dHcbirge of duck-riiot tedgeri Im 

iS»»^if>7, (Umted Siatei.) — On the room. And last llnuUqi^ 

Sunday last, a man by the name niji,ht ii mill iit nimilaiiiinini.iBliMi i 

of Walton, from Laserne oouoty, woollen clodi ia dreaied fey 

Mtered the Court-houM of this Aeij, was atta^d by « 

V*n, took B aeat at the coancil ofmeB, amoaniuig, it ii 




. _. . iitf (he the witdunan, broks 17 I 

ila^tlon of sha^g hu lieard abetra. At balf-Mt oari. . 

;{WhLbh had tut beta talun off for in the norahig twfia^okt p 

ppwaidi of threo years. Bid w«i thenilli wfaeo dl «ai «iAi>i«av] 

•pl*^ t foot in len^.) His the depnteioD' wat'-coMBiMfA 

Utatigir conduct and ameariBce with an xattdk ■ddreta«Ad«ri^|tt'^ 

itttittHlid tbfr alieotion of the court, that on tbair rrntmat rwnVnloili^ 1 

ind^ tyorf pc^aon prcaeBt, The tbe inUchief-WM sflboUl, ■nd'lbi^ 

.'coiBti m ptevetit interruption, ofiendera mirpliTiljif jImhikiiI | 

'w^l^tfae man to be taken away. OnetMnwaMdonqpttidMiip^H 

%£ teamed, ^nd was ai length in- on raspiejao.. - - -j - v ;<vf: vlt-K 

^(tlgeiltry'rtie- court. He said he SmnMiMm Mk-^jfteil 

Sudllcchtmmmnded by bis Maker of rkit, ( 



rlthtb'M tin tint very day) in pm- faitnted at thiimalhMrMt 

^encptf Tbe court, and with fke tbla nighty' JMaii gMdai ^.' 

' ^ahiB fiMr whlclt he' produced, been eueededi '- 

Wirtn *Ater'WM ptovtded, and claiaei of Igtm 

^iKM Asencumbered hlmtelf of ceived ifailf'«« 

bf> besrdr^pDt up hii ihiving had cnu*> Mutt 

"toiiaiUi - -tiiuiked the cooit for iil8iiie,>J 'At^tt 

their Induhenee, and walked o0^ wcDiie hadhif 

, wciDJB^Iy'pfBscd. ' ' fpcnioai fuV' 



CHRONICLE, 



113 



rcrammcd with an impcoetrable .her husband*, who acofmi^^nvid 

Umss nf hmxian creatures. Those her, and who had . th<: appc^rapce 

.who wcro in the interior of ibe of a decent tradeaoian, btoodmu.tc 

.c:kwd» howsoever distressed^ couSd with the dead body of his cbild In 

Srfk toe iCStficated; while those who hisanm, which he tegarde^ with 

.^ece oil t lie outside, were exposed a look of iodescribabjp agony. 

40i the muHi iminineBt danger of Such are the heait-rcrnding and 

ibciog cruahtd t^ death agaiodt the melancholy scenes which were ez- 

,l(0orh«< .The females, hundreds of hibltcd, and yet this forms but a faibt 

Vfkot^\OkMwertf who happened to picture of the enormities and ipl- 



series attendant upon this disgrace- 
ful iestivul. Ihe pick-pociiets 
were, as usual, active, and in many 
ca!>es eniinently succesbful in tbe;r 
gleanings. Too much prdiie cai|- 
not be bestowed on Mr. HoTcjs- 
worth and Mr. NalJer, the ci\jr 
marshals, and their officers; for 
their acti vuy anil zeal in pre^i v'ng 
tJie public peace. All that men 
could do, in their di£Bcult situation, 
they did ; and many who wece 
apprehended by theiv vigilance will 
this day undergo exatniuatious.bp* 
and' crept on the heads of fore the magistrate at Gi^ildhaU.*. 
;#be pepple «mil they reached the 8. The French prisoners at Part- 



be iptf\nnixed with the mnb, were 
.Aroited with (he greatest indignity, 
ia dc£aoce of the exertbns of hus- 
baudM, relatives, or friends. This 
weaker part of (he crowd, in fact, 
atenied iq be, on this occasion, the 
prmoipal object of persecution, or, 
-M the.Mvages wlio attacked ihcni 
••Y«re pleased- tq call it, ot fan. 
•Some^ tinted and were trodden 
undor Aor, while others by an ex- 
eftioa aknotc supernatural, -pro- 
dooed i^ ao agony of despi^ir, 
kfrozd. their, way ^u. the (op of (he 



te^thif .where they were received 
.«idrcreaeed with the greatest kiiid- 
*ana^ 45^ lament (o sute that 
9aiiu\)!*aBrioua accidents in conse- 
sqacoce. occtmed : legs and arms 
.ionolyefabie were broken, some 
.Mvtfiiwere lost, and the suigeona 
JSc Bartholomew's Hospital 
.eccupi^d the whole ol the 
bM^t-in jdmioiiteriDg assistance ta 
tbe unfortunate objecu who were 
mmnAvmUf brought in to them. 
Xbe.inestdisU'essing scene that we 

from (he suffocation 
child aboat a twelvemonth old, 
Ui |be erius of its mother, who, 
vidfc- others, had been involved in 
ibe crowd. The wretched mother 
did not discover the state of her 
ipi^t until she reached Giltspur- 
■fsvetj when she rent the air with 
her i^rieks of self-reproach : while 

- Vol. LIV. 



m(X)r depo;, on Sunday last/.I^Lad 
worked themselves up to the l^n* 
est pitch of rage at liavipg a.pCHJ|)kd 
ai)d a|j) half of biscuit, aopl.jv^t 
bread, per day. I'he use pf U^f ^, 
it is to be observed, was to be. 4(9- 
continued as soon as the bsKe- 
house had been rebuilt^ but tlie 
Frenchmen were ahsolutely deajf to 
remonstninces. A detachmeat.of 
the Cheshiie miiitia, and of the 
Soutli Gloucester regiQaeot« was 
drawn up on the walls surrouodiog 
the prison) and, although t)iey h^ 
loaded their pieces with bali, tjie 
prisoners appeared undaunted, a^d 
insulted them in the grossest tenns. 
A sentinel on duty bad his b jonet 
wrenched off his piece, yet nobfy 
reserved his fire: an officer, how* 
ever, followed the Fmicbmap, 
struck him over the shoulder with 
I Ua 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1312. 



sword, and broiii^lit otT the 
otict. The I'Vcnchincn evni 

■'ed their breasts lo the trj( ; <=, 
sj^med re^nrdlr-js of tljrr^er. 

le number ot prisoners is nl.v'.it 
(,50); and so men.uin-; wns Mvnr 

mduct, ihat nn cKorcsS was so:u 
kit' to Plymoutli-uoi'k, at rlcvc'ii 
:»'clock oi) Sundav r.iiijhr, soi'..:inr.q; 
i:nrr.eiiintcassibta:i;.c. 1 hive pi^-'cs 
ct artillery were in cn;T<sC(:ii"iicc» 
sent otT early on Monday mcruiinT; 
9r,\d on iheir arrivn! at l!.-" prin- 
cipal gate, the b'.r.s ci' wliich, ot" 
iiunicnsc size, had been pavion^^ly 
V>roken by stones hurk- 1 n;Trii;>t 
them by ibc insurj^cnts, iIkv ucrc 
placed in such direct ions as coni- 
pktrly to command the whole of 
the circle which the prison de- 
scribes. This had the dfsired 
•fleet, and ordrr was restored. It 
i<i to be noticed that th? ailownnrti 
i;f bread at which ihcsc^ n^cn have 
$0 indignantly spiinv.*d, is prfci.^e- 
]y the sjmc as that wlncii is served 
out to our own sailors and mnrincs. 

A horrid murder was comir.itted 
vw Tuesday, the J^ih instant, in the 
iieiglibourhood ot Tre - Madoc, 
Caernarvonshire. A man named 
Thomas Da vies, who lodged at the 
lujuse of a small farnuT, robbed tlic 
roltasje of his host, while the f.i- 
mily were occiijjicd in harvest - 
>vork at a short distance. fJcf*^re 
lie had completed his plunder, tht? 
diu-^liTer Gime Jmnie for the pur- 
pose* of carrying pnj visions to lior 
rithcrj bavies immcdhitely seized 
I lie young woman, and, with a 
fair of shears, stabbed her seven 
or eigh^ times, and finally cut her 
rliroat with them. The girl not 
returning in due time, tlie brother 
^'38 dispatched to ascertain the 
cause of her delay; as he ap- 
proached the hoiue, be saw the 



nmrderer M'sshing bis faeej wbioh 
he said ht hud cut, by falling down 
a r(»c!<. I'Vom this and- other cir- 
cunisunces of his guilt, he was 
appn.-hended; bnt while bc:ii>«^ 
co'jvpycd be! ore a magistrate, he 
tii-cted iiis escape, r.nd li<-d lo the 
nun:. tains; h.e was, however, again 
apprehended next day, and the pro- 
pjrry stolen from tliecotta5e(whidi 
\.v. had p.-'-viously secreted in a 
field) wns then found in his po<>$c$- 
s'.on. He is committed to Do1_<*«-lly 
gaol for trial. The criminal is ds 
years of. lire, and six feel two inches 
hit^h; he had worked ai Paiife 
^tmntiiin, in Anglesey, 14 years, 
and from his astonishing muKular 
power, was called " Tlic King of 
the Mountains." The uncle of the 
murdered girl, when searchini"; 
after the villain, accidentally feii^ 
from a precipice, and was killed. 

1 1 . Several violent shocks of an^ 

earthquake were felt at Florence 

The only damage done, was th 
almost entire demoUtioa of tl 
church of St. Qnirino. 

12. Legils. — On Monday mom 
ing, about one o'clock, the woi)}l 
manufactory of Messrs. Richar 
Lindeey and Sons, of Gild^some, 
in the \V\st Uidiug ot Yorkshire 
was attacked by a nuniber of men 
who, aftrr breaking D|)eo the dpen 
destroyed IJ pair of shears, 
best kind, and greatly injured 
machinery osed in raising 
dressing the cloth. Thi« depre$b- 
tion was completed without )igh 
and the lime occupied lu itspc^iqi^ 
tration did not exceed 12 miiHiifif 

The depredation at Soi^ilbowrMn 
on Thursday the ;3d iHat^o 
wa4 committed on tb^ miU 
Messrs. Waterhouse. Qnihiaoc'-' 
casion no shears were bn)k6D s be ^ 
two gig mills wore dcttzbred witfcz 

rficir 









CHRONlCLfc. 



115 



iirnitons and the windows of 
roftdbent, the Htpcrintendant 
workt, were much shattered. 
Mter from Huddersfifld, un- 
it of the 10th instant, sav», 
ral persoits have been npprc- 
i on various charges of Uid- 
ind arc now in custody here. 
Iber of others have thin week 
i their illegal oath, and taken 
ith of allegiance; they sot^ 
lahiitic*^ they have brought 
themselves and neighbours 

atn:eious depredations they 
ommitted, and the delusions 
ave hboared under ; and it 
e hoped they will all follow 
dabhs example of these their 
tA, in discharging them- 
ftotn that unlawful and min- 
Itm in which they haVe nn- 
Itcly been engaged, and re- 
> tlieir duty and alksgiance 
ithtoofeie." 

MffoTii, — A most horrid 
t ^tK committed thi« day, 
body of James Dean, in the 

of Mr. Waters, who plies 
Sfttftge from Bulwell to Mil- 
A person, about 40 years of 
rt feet nine inches high, 
I in a bine jacket and trow- 
iCout -made, of v^ dark 
!Xioo, and who has k>&t a 
' ofie cff his great toes, dc- 
l -faims^f as a sailor, came 
'Watets's hou«ie at Bulweil 
te; saying that he had come 
i\Mbjr« was looking fur 
r'imdt' r^oested a night*^ 
f wfakh he tins accommo- 
nfdi^ and this moniing, 
iiV-Vclock, hearing Mr. 
r ikjre his boy 3^ stiillings, 
Uieilonis to go to Milford, 
W^et Mid be wooid go over 
^ gM SI birth ; and. if he 
Mf'aoicpad^ lie urould gt\^ 



the boy his breakfast, tod retorn 
with him to see what he eoald 4p 
at Angle. It happened tobtt i^efy 
thick tog, and the cries of murdbr 
were distinctly heard from the Mlf- 
ford shore) they were supposed to 
proceed from some boy on boan! a 
vessel, chastised by the matter^ 
however, some time after, similar 
cries were again heard, and a boat 
was discovered by an artill^ym'aa 
near the shore, from which pro^ 
coeded the cries of murder, but in 
a fainter voice, and a cask or some- 
thing else was thrown into the 
Mater, aftrr which .the boat pot off, 
and \VM obscured in the thick fog. 
The soldier alarmed som^ of the 
neigJibours, and in about an hour 
afterwards the Bulweil passage- 
boat was discovered near Hubber- 
stone with a great quantity o|^ blood 
in it. £very possible exertion was 
used by the magistrates in orddr tp 
detect the murderer. Abovt nin6 
o'clock, the body of the unfortu- 
nate boy was picked np, his throat 
being cut in a shocking manner, 
with other marks of violence.' 

The man who mordered the hoy 
was taken on Tuesday morning by 
a party of artilleryman at Templci- 
ton, en the road to Tenby. 

^i/ois.— -A fiktal uccurrenco took 
place in the afternoon of Thursday 
Jast, in Swineshead North Fen, the 
particulars of which are as follotkr : 
About four in the afternoon of 
Thursday^ as George Daybell, far- 
mer in Swineritead, and Charles 
Rc4)erts, a labourer, were reaping 
-wheat, four Irishmen came up to 
them and asked for work as reaper. 
The road was close to the field 
where Daybdl and Roberts were 
reaping, and one of the Irishmen., 
who was in liquor, got over the 
ditch, and was inclined to be very 

1 % quarrelsome. 



U8 ANNUAL REG'IS.TER, 1812. 

^tnrdiDBK.' .fi'-iog loU br Day- their turn doMtf poretied brlhA 

mU that be bad ni) wurk for him, Inibitien, braudiching their tdski 

bfbcgiD' 16 ctit otf the ean of ibc and (Jckk*, and ekclainitpg, 'f we'll 

wbeat with hii sitkle atid throw give you saiJEfactioii tar itefug.l". 

tiiciQabout the field. Daybcll ex- Kobeiti, who waa the hpujniynt, 

pottnlatetl with him, and requcsti^d fiudiiig liinitelf almost e^htiaird,^ 

itun to. desist aixl srcl< for wuik and perceiving ttut bia panuen 

«l(owbcre,\vliichat Itiii^ili hccon- wcit; iitnrlj up with luai,.tuniBd 

sented to.tlu, and with his com- suddLTily round, and diachaignl 

paniOfM wcut away- In piissing the gun at ihe nun neartst faimv 

liobsrtfi's Iituise, liowe\'er, u-hich is m ho was only a few yarda diatanc 

h«dvbVu I'lt: Iriilunan wantonly 1 he cunieoti of ihe piece cntind 

plui^ed h^isitklc iiitoH pig which llie sKMnxch of the ua&muwtB 

baJMigvd. to. Bobcrts and wbidi pL>r»un, and he expired on. the tpoti 

win.an.tli« read m tbo tune. The This put an end to ibe puiautC.-«nd 

cJuUwnofRobt^iis »n sis^inglbia, fuituuaiely no futiher bloOcbbcd 

CfUfd out fur ak.sjfet.uiiv, « bi'n their ensued. Roberts, who was grcatljr 

tttbw mkI Dayitti,), who h:id also atlcclrdal ihitdccudfulattaatKipta, 

-l)ntl)iWiiiue£sci of (bin uutivige, ran made no attempt lo elude, jiulice, 

iwvuljaifjy to tbu sjxit, having but readily yielded himaetf Dp .lu' 

^nt«il|ed lo their aiJ John Cjnul, the countable scut to afprebend. 

*,WHgbt>euri[%l4>»iier, who went him, iiniioualy wailing tlieverdkit: 

ililtoitit huuje uud took down bis of the coroner's jury. On f^Koing' 



ma> wWch had hetni p'criuufly the body of the c 
latdod.loghootihe birds aninitg hia name waa-.Tcrenca FoagaBfii 
' Tiuve three pursued Uh: SOyeara, it wai foundmaL-M 



.Itubram, who were making o&' as slut->dropi had psssed ihnugk ibn 

%t:Al.tbey could; and coming np heart. The jury,, afier aorae dei&iT- 

wiiictwo of tliem, one (rf whom botationr letumed .a veidict 'ofi 
'WW;lteftliow.wboctuck the pig, " juatifiable borolddei" '.tke /wii- 

It^nrts itonanded Baiiilactiuii for 
-tiUtinibTn.vUiciit »im aonx aUct- 

ci^OkVaa agreed io be ^vco, and 
-a piece of dirty pi<|)cr was tendered 
-at«fi)0MOoici but it appndng.to 

iMiM^k part of an dd tievipapcTj 

4fibam^ie&]|ed to accept it. inthe 
jlifa^itinfttwolTiBbaien who had 

g nwa wfff.raiunnd widi fire or rix . 
■,^nv*^'0^ ifa^ oatniNiitiHUt arined 

iriU)MtiBl(t.i>icklca, &c. Abroad. 
.ai,itMc^4i)ip)MraDC^''Ri)beHf.ie> 

qwnwdiiof -Cariwl.io tat bim bate. 

I^ltgilii^ iwhicfa wn OMnpUed wittr. 

Bfktnt, bawBTtr, did not tfainjD ' 
.HMMMf that Ibm to nan it. and 
:1ft .wUi DiybolLMd . Canvd, m. 
t&Mfi ftRSipiMlctr,ii«wl.wtfeJB: 



CHRONIX; 



'y 



m 



of a miner at Wanlock- 
I prevail on her to taste 
9 ivro women \vere snon 

seized with such alarra- 
, that Messrs. Meikle and 

surgeon < in Douglas, 
'd in to their aid, Mar- 
nilton died in great agony 
L of three hours^ leaving 
r an helpless infant, born 
B weeks ago. Some of 
ge being given to a dog, 
1 died instantly ; and the 
; analyzed by the medi- 
.nen, was found to con- 
e portion of arsenic. 
ant has been issued for 
lension of the husband of 
ed. 
V comet, which was dis- 

Marseilles, by M. Pons, 
wards at Paris by M. 
iccordmg to the calcula* 
Mse astronomers, jxissed 
!on on the 15(h of Sep- 
lien its distance from the 
g that of the earth at 
I 0,77835. Irs inclina* 
) ecliptic is 74* 20'. In 
ir night, and in the ab- 
le moon, it is just visible 
9deye. 

taring outrage was com* 
he town of Ada re. The 
the county ot Limerick 
sed, under esMcotion, a 
i£'.caU\t bekmging to 
aett, of Kildimo, a ftic^ 
iitiiig: of about 300 in 
MBmbled with stonet to 
■9 which the sheriff per* 
locaaded in carrying off 
pwhen be was shortly 
p John Pursdl, Patrick 
litwelve othen, mounted 
d ittriih pistols, swoidi, 
by one road, 
to Limerick and 



Rathkeale weie surromded bjf 

others in hundreds. The horse* 
men took the road to Ratbkeal^' 
conceiving the cattle had been 
taken there i nor did they discover 
their error until they had gone a 
considerable distance ; but the she- 
riff, conceiving he would be por* 
sued> took a different road, and 
reached the town ^ Adare, when, 
in a few minutes after his arrival 
there, the factioa^ mob on borie- 
back entered the town, whem-t 
detachment of the Mooaghanref^ 
mrnt are stationed. On their eil*^ 
tering the town, Lieut HaBna« 
commanding the military, instantly 
seized Bums, who was anned wilb 
a pistol, which he made two effoiti' 
to discharge at Lieut. Hantia, but 
without effect— but Lieut Htnttm 
succeeded in securing the ftlkiw ; 
when immediately John PlineU 
went up to the sheriff, nd de^ 
manded the cattlet which -he v^ 
fused to give, and PuneQ^ ali^t* 
ing from his hone, tikik .a plslol 
from under hit coat, and waaintbe 
act of cocking it, when it waapMr*- 
ceived by the srijeant, who Imntfe^ 
diaielv wretted it from him. The 
rest then fled. Pursell and Borna 
were immediately taken ^ the 
county gnol. 

18. A shocking occurrence took 
pbceatRadstock. Corporal Qieen^ 
who had been for some time in' 
Bath, with a xecrniting party of 
marinea, went over to the above 
place, with the alleged purpose of 
apprehending a deserter $ but called 
on a respectable young woman of 
the name of Smafth, to renew bii 
addresses, which had formerly been 
rejected by her parents. They 
walked out together in the neigh- 
bouring lane, when the villain, in 
a fit of de^ieration, took out a 

double 



\\^ ANNUAL REGISTER, 1SI2. 

do-:ble b-ri^r.e J p:> till, the contents one or tvo j^leoed en the cutsiuc 

of one of \^hich lie di^icharged at to prevent surprise. 
the unfortunate >(nuig wonicn. The following particul Art of tbe 

Slid with th!*' other shot him«elf murder of Mr. SergeiSQPj one 9t 

through the liead. He died on the xbe magistrates of th^ county cf 

•pot; but his intended victim 6ur> Kerry, Ireland, appeared on tbf 

irivesy and hopes are enienaiued of corontr's inquest tield at KiJk}rglin, 

her ultimate recovery. A woman in that county, on Friday th^ 

in passing through the lane, iieard 10th: —John Moriarty. a conftta- 

thc mnn exclaitn, *' lu that case, ble, pfoved (hn; he was called on 

TTc will both die togcthtr." fche by Mr. Ser^erson, a xnagistraie o** 

-bad not procef di-d above an hiin- this county, to execute a warrant 

^rcd yards, when the re[>cits of against Danle] and John Penning* 

the pistol induced her to return, ion, of Farrotoreen, from the 

and she was tl)e first witness of this ^heriiT, in which he was appointed 

dreadful scene. as a bailitF ; that with four othei5 

19. Leeds, — On Sunday last, a (conMables) he proceeded to Daniel 

tearing robbery wns committed at Pennington's house, oa Wedoes*^ 

Sowerby, by a number of armed day last, «omc taking post in front, 

men, attended with circumstances and ethers in rear of the house ; 

of the most wanton atrocity. Mr. that they remained tliere until 

William Barker, who is overseer Thursday, when, about three 

of the poor, and collector of the o'clock, Mr. Sergerson was inform- 

|iro|)erty tax, at Sowerby, had re- ed that victuals were coove)^ 

tired with his tiimily to rest, M-hen through ti)e house of John Pen- 

Ihey were roused from their beds nington, which adjoined: on which 

by a loud call for admittance; he (Mr. S.) went in, and found 

iiaving opened the door, a number that a small hole had been spacfe 

of men rushed in and demanded through the gable- wail for thai pur- 

h\» money, which he gave up to pose. When he got in, a blow with 

tham to the amount of I4l.; they a shovel was made at him, by iht 

tben broke into his drawers, which wife of John ; but on his infemring 

they completely ransacked ; but her that he intended her no harm, 

being disappointed in the booty and that he would not injare iier, 

they expected, they proceeded to the shovel was laid by, and she 

iMrak his household furniture* and took off the lire a pot of potatoes^ 

his clock ; a set of china, and other which were boiled, and which she 

articles^ were C7)mplt;tely destroyed; strained, tlie boiling water of which 

aome of the wearing appaVel of .{strained into a keeler) waa taken 

himself and his wife were thrown ii|) by John Penniijgton^and thrown 

into rbc fire, and it was with great down on Mr. Sergmoo'g Dncovcved 

difflcnlty they were prevailed upon head, by which he wsai aevftrely 

to desist from fii'tting fire to the scalded ; hetmmcdiateiyraiDODtcty- 

dvawers. The number of persons ing murder, and got into acabhi 



eoncerned in this flagitious outrage Pennington's house, in wfajdi he 
could not be exactly asceitained ; dried and ihavcdlurasel/^ aild .te?- 
only five ctrtered the house, but it gan to wri(,eau infermacion xgamt 
Is sti|3p0Bed there mqit-WB been John Penniogtony fyt. anniMnh. 

whea 



: - CHB.ON tCLE.-; JJp 

ia auJ iiifbnacd IjJm ibat lire-arnit ' - "   .  '■ ; • '— -. r .WJiitp 23 

\Mf r« .coavfying into JDauiel. Pen- — ; —  ' HImc,- . M 

i>ii)jgfvii'& house, on whti-li .liegot Supcr-innu^tsd ^c^i-A^uurali 31 

wut, andwentin frpiM^ftlie Uou.^i Sopcrauiiaated and retired  

ami iiniuedvjieljf on getting tbcro, Capl.iins - -. r - - - 31 

^, oau-^lft. of a ,guu wa* .[wf posi-Captauas r '- - - -,79? 

tlirongl) a ho!e at the side ot" ijic Comma ivkrs - - r , r .- $^ 

Ax)t and ii/ed off. Mr. ^ergeni^u JlciueJ CoLiiaianders - - - 50 

tell, .after.' wliidi the policcmca Litoinuiiia - k -  . 33!^? 
feed.- iConieliiM Hay*, anutlier of uf wliitU 223 are nolcd (m . ... 

rroborate^l the uiifii fo' ■- —• - 

riy, and bear4 Xtic fol 

say to l(ie <le- correncc 

broiiicr Jt^n) ladicE and 

at once," and paiii^ by 

jcoii; make off, h^tu U> t 

1 ill his li^nd. ^id afters 

1 viewed the Abbe/j ' 

hg^; fud.saw.ci^t wound), ap- walerj it 

iiareotl? ioAieted by ikgs or stnnll a full moo 

balls, . two of which entered liu 10 land, 

brain, apdooa lodged in ih^sboHcs thcnithat 

«ifjiis(»r, wUich wounds, he hod the l)rid.<;e 

no doubt, pccaiioned his d«atK. appnjaclui 

Tthe jury fouad that the i.lcceased, of Ijdics aj 

John Sccgetsoo, Esq., was feloaiii- ii:g- JJtfi 

Dusly- and u'jtfully murdered by aieli, one 

l)'ahicl-feuniiigton.and John Pen- ihety, as 

fiifjjtVUi both of Faralorecn, and survivors) 

tliat UiesaidDaaidand John Fen- ^ope, tbu 

f)j^^on>Ac)l ^f;cr Uie commission not seen b 

jo£,th^ ^i^ murder. bcilig in p 

.'';i^.Thclist.oftiicNavy recent- iIm water 

ly.putil^^d, euutoeratea the Soi- horror!—: 

JawiDg qumVw of oficersj Viz. — touched t 

Adpij rj^ "of t'be Fleet" - - - J cries of ih 

AdmiHla.QfUicKcd .- - - 22 a nee, the | 

f;!7^r White - - 21 ibe shore 

,^..,^ , ; ,^) : Blue - - - 2^ good peni 

Vicpfi^mipiiapf ihcRed - 33 save thee 

'., '. ^^ ..^ \ , . ' <^^'''f- 23 scene of it 

V-'.',;;'.^V_-r- IJl^c • 23 wrctclicd. 

' * MK. Sttvtt, 'irife er Rd. Sktte, E^q. aF Sfdcnhna, IC«nt{ ird liiMr M Mn, 
jLauMipf WauiVuxas, ne«[A*it>; berdinjbMi tiur, Mditunt, Elun.'guii Aan; 
jflBl^tfluw, ■!>• liUv w Hn. ^nilt; ) Mr- tin. and Miv AbUmij, W £»)>. 



120 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1812. 



party are Miss Eliza Shnte, Miss 
Ann, and Mr. Rothery ; thr Inrrer 
of whom had been twice carried 
down in supporiin^ lus wife, by 
8tn.igg1ing friends cliiii^ing t') liim, 
and cliecking liis excftio- s; he at 
length got her lollie hend of t!",e 
upset buat, but from or.e ot the 
party agiin clinginj tn thc-iii, they 
both suddenly disap[)fni>d, and it 
was long hetore Mr. Roihery rose 
to the surfiice, whtn h<i again 
grasped the boat, and was taken 
up in an almost life Ics-i state. Miss 
Ann Shutc, after long strugj^ling, 
reached the boat, and was taken 
off its bottom ; and Mi<r E iza was 
taken from underneath, upon turn- 
ing up tlie boat. The unpardon- 
able conduct of the pcrsrjn who 
fastened the fatal ro[-c to the pier, 
contrary to all rule, and ihc re-^u- 
lation of the port, n^ver before 
known to be done, and by wiiich 
three families have been plunged 
into the greatest misery, rendn-s it 
proper that his name should be 
made p^iblicj the coroner's inquest 
(held on Mary Shuie, whose body 
IS the only one yet found,) states 
him to be J. Halford, of Bristol, 
the pilot who carried tht vessel, to 
which t'le boat was attached /up the 
river. 

M. Z.imhercari, arcom panted by 
■a fiend, ascend»;d'in a balloon, 
■fh)tn Bolos^na, on the 21st Sep- 
tember On his d^scent, the bal- 
loon brcjine entangled in the 
branches of a higli tree, and, brforc 
it could be disengaged, caught 
lire. The two aeronauts leaped 
out. M. Zambeccari was killtd 
iipon the xpotj but M. Bonoga, 
hit frirud. survived, though sooic 
of his lirnbs were broken. 
The asceiMion of the mecbani- 



i 



cian, Bittorf, from Manbeim, wa 
equally disastrous. When he had ^ ^* ' 
risen to a considerable height, he^fil 
p'^rceived too late, that his baliooo c^ <^>^ 
was damaged, and had nooilTrr^'- 
rcsource th:jn to open the valfc..'=^''^ 
The balloon descended with ex — 
tremc vrjocity ; the inflaniuaibles 
matter which it contained took^ 
firi.- ; the shreds of the balloon frlH I^*^ 
upon Mr. Bittorfs lirad aiKibfe'a!»t»"f *=^^ 
whicli were much burnt. On a^ ' 
sudden, his crazy vehicle struckrf^^' 
iipon the roof of a house, two^""*^-* 
st(;ries higii, from which he was^-^ "^ 
precipitated, and died thfc next day^'^" 
in great a;^ony. 

22 . Cur lion- Hous£. — This day:^ ^ 
the Baron de Reh -usen, Envo^MTf^* 
Extraordinary and Minister Plem--» 
potentiary from the King of Swe- - 
dn, had histirstprivateaudienceot^ 
his Royal Highness the Prince Rc--- 
gent, to deliver his credential. 

James Hall, farmer, and Sflmttel -^ 
Blow, miller, both of the paHsl. 1 
of Holton Beckering, Lincolnshire^ "^ 
were, on the informatioo of tb^ 
Rev. John Hale, the rector, 
before Richard Elmhirst, Esq. 
of his Majesty's justices of th^ 
peace fiir that county, withican- 
dalously profiling the prebfdin! 
Sabbath, — Hnll having idfowed tw 
of his labourers to devote tbe wbbl^ 
of that day to re'aping cftnXt ' 
Blow having suifen'd his mill to 
at work, not ordy x\\t grrtifrf _ 
nf the day, \>iU during fSlvitie-str^^^, 
vice. They were bbtb conirfctcct-^ 
in the full penalties )avreeaW¥ ^<^^ 
the statate. The niortiey nWli i«!<^^ 
out in bread, to be "lllfttriMte<^' 
amongst the "poor 'pec?^!e'-W th^ 
village, '' -^ -■*'-■ 

In iifserting thU^MtieK/iM adA 
the remiirk> tbat^i %^ ilvUie 



i 



CHRONtCLEv 



iai 



df a precarious harvest, and 
ioie wben the stock of com 
id was Dearly exhausted. 
Messrs. Wilkinsons, . upbol- 
Dii Ludgate-hlll, having ef 
>een frequently robbed of 
r!^ suspicion at last attached 
oiter in their employ, and a 
ras laid for his detection ; it 
ded, and he was detected on 
esday evening, when leaving 

with a large parcel of fea- 
in bis possession : he was 
«d) and a constable tent for, 
f\ being questioned, he con- 

Ive had taken feathers fre- 
ly before, and sold ihem to a 
r, res'ding on th« Surrey side 
ckfriars bridge. In order to 
: the receiver, it was agrfed 
le shotsld go sis usual, accom- 
i by the officer, with the 
:ra. When they arrived 
r centre of Blackfriars bridge, 
d the broker was in the habit 
seting him in the recess, and 
{ his bundle ; it was there- 
Agreed, that he should stop 

on the present occasion, 
jbat the o^cer should wait 
It hand to detect the broker 

he came. They had not been 
La waiting, when the officer 
surprised by observing the 
te of feathei^s fiy over the top 
iC bridge -, and running for- 
to iiiqutie the cause, he was 
I time to see, but not to pre- 

tho prisoner throwing bim- 
3fe^ al<M). The body sunk 
iduitely, and though instant 
\k «va8 made for it, has not yet 
^nd. 

rifrom the Spanish papen, — 
CJbuntitfs ot Cbinchon has 
jffu, (illustrious testimony of 
Ij^o^ic enthubiaHui, bv ap- 
uting- to Geneml the Duke 
odad Rodrigo, the rich aud 



magnificent insignia of the order 
of the grJden fleece 'Jtlucb beloDgr 
ed to her late father, the infant 
]')oii Luis, as a proof ot that par* 
ti<}n of the national gratitude 
which she feels for the exploits bjr 
which ihat distinguished Captain 
has contributed to secure the ulti- 
mate triumph of Siiaoish iodepea- 
dence. lb this demuhstratiun of 
her disinterested patriotism, she 
has added another of her respect 
for the supreme government, by 
requesting their approbation of 
this expression of the feelings of 
her heart, as will appear frpm the 
following letter addressed to the 
Regency of the kingdom, and the 
annc;xcd reply :•— 

Letter of the Gui2ites • of C/nnchon 
to the Regency of the king Jam. — 
** Senor, — It not appearing to me 
proper to take any step without 
the consent of our beloved king, 
or oi the legitimate guvernment 
which represents him in his ab- 
sence, and understanding that T^ord 
Wellington, Duke of Ciudad RcW 
drigo, has been decorated with 
the order of the golden fleece, I 
have to beg that your Highness 
will give your assent to his being- 
presented with the insignia of that 
order which belonged to my de- 
ceased father, the infant Don Luis, 
the principal reason why I deem 
them valuable ;-«-and, also, because 
I regard them as worthy of a sue- 
c^ssor to wh(im the country owes 
so great a share of its liberty. — 

I am, &c. 
'^MariaTekesa dbBobbok« 
** Ciidix, Aug, 13, 1612.'' 

Amrwcr, — ** The regency of the 
-kingdiim has seen your ladyship's 
letter of this day, in which you 
solicit its consent to present to 
the Dukeof Ciudad Rodrigo, whom 
his Highness hag decoxaied with 

the 



11!2 ANNUAL REGISTfiR, 1813. 

the oTder of the j!;oliIcn lleece, tbe nun, to get posccssion of tlie ^f> 

iiuignia of tlist order which be- tire cam, and tlien turned her out 
longed to your Iad)'jhip's deceased of doors, (tiling Jier, to gpt ^luirar 

father, the iiifnnt Don Luis. at fast as she could ; for Ji^lUc 

 The incaicul.ible biinctits which would be in danger if she k-^rc 

the Spanisli nation has derived taken. For n few hou^s shp was 

frmn tbc activity and military inclined lo complj with their aug* 

talenis of that valiani captain, en- geiiiiuns, but atierwards gave her- 

title faim to the graliludc of ever/ self up, aud disclosed all ilie facta. 

Spaniard: and, therefore, your Casey and M'Lia are both in cus- 

Udyahip's wish to transmit to him toJy i but the most cxUaordiiuiy 

the iiuignia, wliicli ynvi cherish as circumstance in the whole cace ia, 

valuable brcaus'; ihey belonged to that no person has yet come for^ 

your deceaticd faibsr, has the ap- ward tfi claim the properly. 

probiition of his iiighness, — de- 2g. This morning, about one 

awve* hisacknowlcdijuicuti,— and o'clock, ai the mnil-coach item 

it a new proof of your ladyship'^ Deny was on its way to Dublin, U 

•olightencd patriotism. via stopped, near Drogbeda, by 

By order of the regency of the about ten persons, well armed, 

hingdom I communicate this for who had previously fasteoeda lopts 

your ladjHliip'i information and across the road lo impede itt pnv 

gaidance. May God preserve your grcss. Oi:e of the gang fired at 

ladyship many yi-arsl the guards, uilhout doing (hem 

AntosioCano Manuel, any injury. The shot was re- 

•' Cadiz, A"!". 13, jSIJ." turned, and the robber fell, Se- 

3^. A rubbery was last week vcral other sliots were lircd, which 

coinmittid in Dublin, attended wounded the coachman aad a 

with very sioijuliir rircunislances. guard severely; notwithalandinff 

About midnight, a prostitute was .which, ihc other giiard kept j^p 

Accosted by a person Komcwliat the /iting with great spirit, Tt)» 

jtUoxicated, wlio took her to a robbers, however, sticcecded ia 

home of ill fame, where she con- forcing opeu the coach, and CQade 

Irived-lo pick his pocket of a small the insi ' ... 

«nv^apc, containiDg l() notes of six in ; 

,lQDl,.each. One of iLe^ie she iti* one, an 

trusted the next day to a Mr. one geii 

Casey, a mealmau, to procure drcd po' 

change, and two mure to a Mr. dred piii 

Xi/Dcb, with whom she had for- fonic o 

merly lived. The latter, however, tbc lie! 

ditcloied the transaction to the JJroghei 

tMnVu^'bouse, whose name ap- Tbecoa 

peared to the notes; and it was with tl | 

agreed to detain the woman when xcachm: ! 

■becpmc. and take measures to iouiwty | 

TCOcnKX the renuinder of the notes, the oei I 

Aut-in.tfap mean time Casfiy and coo'Bict 

OTM U.^Lin,« ne»t-doo( a(»ghbour. Sow of. 

V t>r tbEcatcniflg the wq- ^nui^*', 



CHRONICLE. 



las 



towns fell ioio the bands of the 
robbers; those of srx, however, 
escaped their senrch, and those cf 
two others wrre tbund unnpenc^d 
on the road, and brought to the 
p06t-oi£cft in the morning;. A 
persixi has been apprc^hendcd on 
suspicion, and remains in cuhtotiy. 
-The conchnmh snd guard, it is 
feared, cannot survive. The body 
of the- robber who was killed has 
not been owned. 

29. Parliament was dissolved by 
a' proclamation from the Prince 
He^ent. 

30- The following trar;ical eveqt 

lately happrned at Clicrbourg A 

^roung man having in vain solicited 

iiis mothers consent to his mar- 

Tying her maid-servant, went up 

To his bed-chamber, threatening 

-^hat he would destroy himself. 

^\n instant at'ter, a pistol was dis- 

<:harged. The mother finding the 

<mloor bolted, ran out to alarm the 

"-^neighbours, and then fsinted aw»y. 

TThe ocighboars, on breaking open 

It be door, were received by the 

^yo oDg man with peals of laughter 1 

"rhe mother died of the fright she 

3>ad received in 46 hours. 'Ihe 

'^'oang man was committed to 

^aol. 

SO, The ceremony of depositing 

is Whitehall chapel the eagles 

-and colours heroically wrested 

from the French in Spain ^ took 

tpUice this morning. 

. Sooft after nine o'clock,, the 1st 

regiment of Guards, who were to 

•do the duty of the day, formed on 

die parade facing the Horse guards, 

•with their right resting on the 

'Wall of the Treasury. On their 

.left thc'^ regiment formed, with 

Oule^Dmu only, their \tft termi- 

itttirrg near the great gun. The 

'M Yegiment^ also, with side- 

0wi 0ofy, ffffoaed with tb^ 



Admiralty garden in their rear. 
On thtir left wcrt- sintioned, wirti 
fixed bayonets, ihl: ly rank and file 
ot grenadiers of the 1st regimfht, 
thirty of the 2d, and thirty of the 
3d rtgim-nf, and nine «erjeants, 
uho were to cnrr/thr eagles and 
colours. The line va** continued 
to tl»e horse-guards, and' consisted' 
of the horse and foot artillery sta- 
tioned in the metropolis; with 
the scver*il recruiting pnriies b6- 
lon-^ing to I he cavalry and infantry^ 
In the rear ot the first line, faciiJg 
the Horse -guards, were formed 
the two regiments of Life Guards, 
with their full bands, their left ex- 
tending to the wall of Carlton- 
house. About half-past nine. Ge- 
neral Sir Harry Hurtard arrived, 
and assumed the command, when 
the bands t>clonging to the 'three 
regiments in th^ir full dress, took 
their stations, each in the centre df 
its regiment. 

Soon after ten o'clock, tlte 
Duthess of York arrived} her Ma- 
jesty and the Princesses, in two 
carriages, soon followed, and weite 
received by the troops with pre- 
sented arms, the ditlcrent bands 
playing " God save the king.** 
They then took their station in ibc 
levee-room of the Horse-gnards, 
which commands a view of the 
parade. 

The Prince Regent, on a while 
charger, came from Cnrlton hou!ie» 
at half-past trn, accompanied by 
the Duke of York on foot, the 
i)uke of Kent, Colonels Bloom- 
field, Congrevc, and Terrens, ani 
several other oflicers on horses 
back: His Royal Highness, on 
reaching the pnrade, was received, 
with the usual honour.^, and took 
his stntion in front. The Ptince 
Regent then proceeded to the right 
of the line, accompanied by^-fais 

Royal 



124 ANNUAL, fiEGlSTER, 1812. 

Itnyal.btDtbtn, tbrir Aidn-dc- Ch^, mtb t^c naepti^nsf ](Ar 

camp, kc, and pained down tlte guard £cr die day.i ■iTha.li^. 

whole, ibe Dake of York on tool goards followod in tbc hdbc ^ap- 

M his Tigbl hand, aod agaia re- ne;. and ocippicd iben tv't|Wall 

SLinied hii Maiioa. The tuual gtMind. Ibe. .IViatt RcgcM^ 

ceremony Qf the paride com- Duka of York aod K^t)-.. &&.' 

mcoi^'tl. the bands beUmging to pmcrcded ti> Wbiiehall (o.bMC^ 

d ibird regimeaU divtne MTvice. 
trctop the colotin. The anicuune uT yety^tctuaif^' 

t through, the tab- bled an tbeocBaMQnint».inMnci]iB 

«atlJer«siatioDedcn and the Hpeciaciealto^ttherwasoT 

line were ordered the naost gratifying drsoppti^tt At 

le right, |ind, pre- was inpos^iblo to s'}C»,.wxiUoiit- 

md vf the lit regi- feelings of esultati^iiv thoiw W^^ 

round the square, phics which bore wiinessMO' lfi«>. 

ing the Tilt-ysrd. piowrss of British weifiium, -nd- 

lue bands of tlie which weie wan firo^ ftp imfirm- 

; rcgimcnU began .ble eilemy,.bul lroFn,tioppK-)>bose., 

be eaglet, live in militiiry reputation rslAijdswt high . 

brought out and in l^urope. Tbi? c^les .nejOi^ifei 

eantu, who marched in number) twooftbem^i lakftftdF.^ 

3f (he fiist sub- .the battle ofSalaiT)aBcai <aiare*(inf 

e« standards, and .much mutilated^ ttvo otbetfr ft* i 

colour, were next ken at Madrid, were in.^ipon: 

;iven (o the lemaiii' perfect stale; ami .1]^ 6fth,-,«c 

'bo ma'chi-d in the understand, was found -ift .-tiW" 

)Cond sub -division, channel of a streaiD'tmarXtfidMtv 

s Jirst regiment be- Rodrigo, intowbicbit was tbroMi:.' 

idicr's March," anil when the rear of Mmstfilt'a aimr  

rouod ihe square, was closely pressed. by iboiBiitisb . 

:be st.iCiop of tbe cavalry, on ib retreat tTata-Par^ 

and the Royal Fa- gal. Four, ,o£ ,tho .»agl».-Me-. 

a and colours were nnmbered la, 32,39, ^I-. ^■■>.ij.--. 
be. acclaniatjons of There were also, fonr^atfmdf i4li.', 

:ctatpr4. The ifaree but th^ weceh ,tftabiB..btltfW.; 

icn baited, and «}- state, rliat there ,«as. npt a 4OTi« j 

rms, and in ordi- .or lejtcr Wsible.i .Tbm -,gar<(NQ 

narf time paraded round. On flag of Badajox^ was, Uli««4ie*^ 

reaching ihe colours of the first and grrat,part«f Itii^vitAr^d^Vlw' 

regiinem, tbe whole pf tbe tmpbies btim^in bluod. . ^ :^u '»■;-■ 

were lowered to the ground. AtbaU-pMt de>ai,tli«iy(l((air i 

tlie Royal Fa- sion moved tn.,the, «hap^ci<niil ' 

id colours being theacGi3|iiatians;«f rwny.|^ii)|ttNl. ' 

led through the spectators; the IVinpeJl^MtiebVr 

l/bii^all Cba- tinueti in front. near. tujft.MbbttH). 

er of the infan- and tbe, troops p#i9eA.)BhmM«. 

< whrel on their order.. The Ufe- guards igavn «si)c 

, ir) oprn order, .finci spccumnSiDf tb«, tapjidUjtaf 

Hcgcnt to tbe their icvoluci^i^..,,' ,- .^ ^^.. 



CHRONIC L E. 



1S5 



If-past two, the Queen, 
5, Princcsi Cbarloite of* 
Ll)e I'liuce Rrgt;nt, and 
f York an4i Kent, came 
the paiaJe. All, the 
Ministers la town were 



OCTOBER. 

ft 

idler asuendcd from Bel- 
iu>e, near Dublin, Oct. Ij 
. u'iih the wind at south- 
I in 35 minutes had sight 
ioiiDtain« in Wales: he 
i in the same direction 
5 o'clock i when being 
er the Isle of Man, the 
^ing fresh, be found him- 
approaching the Welch 
id at four o'clock, he had 
view of the Skerry light- 
id the prospect of con- 
ig bis ardent hopes of a 
rival in Liverpool. The 
uv shifting, he was again 
f and lost Kii;ht of land ; 
ftcr hovering about, tor 
ime, he discovered five 
ating down chaiinrl ; and 
of their assistance, hj de- 
on descending witit all 
expedition, and precipi- 
iselt into the sea. In this 
ical situation, he had the 
tioo' to find the vessels 
iiACice of him; obliged, 
/ 1 ro reascend, he now 
iC a quantity of ballast, 
i\y negatned hit situation 
r, to look out for more 
lU. It was a k-ngth of 
Me he had the saiiifac- 
tlbovering an}* -, and then 
a^veswl wiiich ptvc him 
Cftlid<l>y figna], that she 
t9 ksltst him, but could 
1 hiia. Two others also 



now appeared in sight, and one 
of them tucking about, hoisted 
tiie Manx colours. Night now 
coming on, he was determined 
to avail himself of ihtir f icnd- 
ly aid, and once more descend-, 
ed into the sea; but here the.' 
wind acting apon tl^e balloon as it 
lay on the water, drew ilic Car 
with so much veKcity, that th^ 
vessel could not oxertakeit^ and 
notwithstanding he UTd his ut- 
most efforts, and latterly tiid his, 
clothes to the grappling iron, and . 
sunk tliem to ktrep hmi steady, 
still the balloon was carried away ' 
so fjst, that he was under the ne- 
cessity of expelling the gas J upon 
that escapii)^, the car actually '* 
sunk, and he had now nothing but 
the netting to cling to. His peril- 
ous situation, and ihr fear of get- 
ting entangled, deterred the men 
from conning near him; until, be- 
ing in danger of drowning. Mr. 
Sadler begged they would run 
their twwsprit through the balloon, 
and expel the remaining gas. 
Having done this, t!i'*y threw out 
a line, which he wouod round his 
arm, and was then dragged a con- 
siderable way before they could 
get him on board quite ex