(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The annual register of world events"

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



ns 



THE 

ANNUAL REGISTER, 

OR A VIEW OF THE 

H I S TORY, 
P O L I T I C S, 

AND 

LITERATURE, 

For the YEAR 1768. 

,Titi SrXTH EDITION. 



ill; ociltt & ION ; 

ON, aLLK, It CO. 



Cb.3J>-0// 



• •». • 



1 

i 



^ 



^r , ' \ \\\^ ^ n ■ ■ { i, i^^ 



P R E F A C E. 

> 

* * • 

As the happkiejfsipr Majikmd is an ob- 
jeA of infJiiTffcly greater confideration, 
than the recording oFthofc fhining events, 
which from their nature are fo deftrudive 
td it, we could have wi{h6d that the prefent 
year had been lefs fruitful in the produdion 
of hi^orical materials : this unhappily is not 
the cafe. The War that has broke out be- 
tween the great Empires of Ruflia and 
Turkey, has opened a new, and it may be 
feared, in its confequences, an extenfive Held 
for Hiftory. The invafion of th^ Ifland of 
Corfica, has alfo, from the bravery of its 
defenders, been productive of remarkable 
events \ and from the motives that influ- 
ence their conduct, is an obje<ft deferving 
confideration. The unhappy difturbances 
in our Colonies, as well as thofe which 
have happened at home, arc matters of fuch 
importance to us, as demand our utmofl at- 
tention, f^ new War which has broke out 

in 



t 



iv PREFACE. 

the Eafl Indies, is alfo an object of great 
confideration. To thefe particulars we have 
paid our utmoft attention, and hope we 
have given fuch an account of them, as 
will prove fatisfaiEtory to our Readers. 

The Compilers of a work of this nature 
have fome particular difficulties :to encoun- 
ter. While on the one hand we are attentive 
to the feledting of materials, and reftrain^ 
ed hy the limits afligned to thedideilent 
parts ; on the other we are g]i^ioils for fear 
of omitting fuch things as our Readers 
may wilh to fee preferved. A due fenfe 
of the obligations We are under to- the 
Public is, however, fuperior to every other 
confideration ; and as the prefeht year has 
been uncommonly productive of remarka<- 
ble events that do not properly come with^ 
in the line of Hiftory, the Chronicle and 
its Appendix have, on that account, been 
extended to an unufual length. In this, 
as in every thing elfe, we hope our endea* 
vours will meet with the fame indulgence 
which we have fo long experienced. 

TUB 



THE 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 
For the YEAR 1768. 






THE 

HIS TO R Y 

OF 

EUROPE 



n a^ ■ ■ ■y— — w— i#— wnwp^^^p^i^f^^^^ I ■ I I I I I ■ 1 1 



CHAP. I. 

Jtufiare iet'ween the two great imftrts tf the Eaft and North. Invajson i0 
the iJUmd of Corfica by the French, in con/efuence of a tre^ coneUtdei 
imth the Kifublic of Genoa, hy 'which that ijland is ceded to the French 
King. Different ofinions of the importance of Corfica, and fine obferva'^ 
ivM/ on the comdn& of the ntithhawrtng powers. Seizure of the Pope^s tor* 
ritories in France and Itafy. The ftriQ union fuhpfiing hefwan the 
Frimces «/ the Bourhon line becomes more formidable from the conJunOimo 
rf the Ehtfi of Juftria and Court of Portugal. Deplorable fiate ef 
Poland. Sotite objertfations on the fiate and condu^ of th^ greeU belligerent 
pentterf in the North. Qermmj' — 

WAR bas arain broken quc, moft powerfal iti Afia as well as in 

Thfl whole eaftern iide of Europe^ are engaged. Rcligioo 

£uro]>e, firpm the polar circle to has entered into the quarrel, mid 

the middle qf the Mediterranean, is added to its bitterneis. The mU 

interefted in its liTae. The great ferable cojintry of Poland is tb« 

empires of Rofia and Tark^, th^ theatre of a contention* not iporc 

Vol. XL [#] df^aiT^ 



2] ANNUAL REG 1ST ER, 1768. 



deflru£bive in its confequences, than. 
fingular in its caufes and pretexts. 
Ihe defnotic power of Ruffia bc- 
com s the gaardian of Polifh frcc- 
d'>m ; and the Catholic religions fliei 
for protedion to the flandard of 
Mahomet. 

As yet the nearer parts of Eu- 
rope are not dire6kly engaged. 
France h»s indeed made an extra- 
ordinary movement, and it is not 
cafy to forefee what the event may 
be. That ap:ibitious power bore a 
full iharfe in the calamitous effe£\s 
of the laft war. Thcfe feemed 
fully fufficient to correal, for fome 
time, that redlefs diipoiition, which 
had lo often proved fatal to the ge- 
neral repofe. Loaded as fhe is with 
a heavy debt, and wounded in many 
efiential parts of her commerce, it 
would require all hef attention, 
together with a cotifiderable length 
of time, to lefTen the one, and ef- 
fe^ually to reftore the other. Eafe, 
and the leifure of peac^r might 
fcem a'fo neceflary to bring the 
great improvements fhe is attempt- 
ing in agriculture to any degree of 
perfed^ion. 

Jn this fituation (he has how- 
ever ventured upon enterprifes, 
"which at another time might have 
pluaged licr into a war, and en- 
tiit^ly prevented the attainment of 
obj66li apparently To neceflary to 
her. A!)Odt the middle of the laft 
fi^mmcr Oiefent a con Ad arable body 
offerees to take pofleflion of .the 
ifland of Corlka. This meafurc 
was in coni'quence of a formal 
treaty concluded with the republic 
of Geho.i, by which the latter cedes 
fdri^nind'^ ciminr»te tirne theking- 
dtim of Corfica to the French Kinr. 
Tttus wa*a nation dirpofed of wilh- 
o' t its confenti like the trees on an 
c' ate. •* - * 



It might have been flppyfliende4 
that this procedure ^Vould be confi* 
dered as the infradion of the treaty 
of Aix La Chapelle, by which it 
had been provided, thxi no change 
Ihould be made in the ftate of 
Italy. 

From various caufes fo extraordi- 
nary a flep has hitherto produce^ 
no vifible motion in any of the 
powers interelled in that treaty ; 
the fmaller acquiefcing through 
fear, fome of the greater from a 
change in political connexion, and 
otheh perhaps waiting the iflTue of 
fecret negociations, or a more fa- 
vourable junflure for the aiTertion 
of their rights. 

The ifland of Corfica was of 
very little confequence while in the 
hands of Genoa. A$ an indepen^ 
dent ftate, it could hi no objeA of 
jealoufy or danger to any other. 
As an acquifition to France, it may 
be regarded as an obje£l of conii- 
deration, efpecially to the mari^ 
time powers. 

Much has been faid on one fide 
and the ojher of the value of this 
ifland. Some have fet it up as a 
place .of infinite importance, fer- 
tile in its foil, producing all the 
materials of an extehlive trade 5 
abounding with large forefts full 
of the beft (hip timber, and not 
deftitute of harbours equally fafe 
and commodious. Whilft others 
have reprefented .it as totally bar- 
ren and unprodu6live ; full indeed, 
of woods; but producing no tin^- 
ber of value in fhip-buildmg, and 
the coaft totally deftitute of har-^^ 
boiirs. Probably botli thefc ]pic-* 
tures may have been overcharged. 
It is certain, that the fituation of 
the ifland feems to give it a com- 
mand of a great part of the coaft 
of Italy; and if the harbours are 

not 



HISTORY OF EUROl»a. 



y 



not of tlicbeft, fomc by art and 
cxpcncc may be rendered tole#able, 
:Uid fitiall privateers may iflae from' 
them capable of giving great dii- 
torbances to irade in time of war. 
The French have fpoken th^ir opi- 
nion of the value of this iiUmd vcrf 
diftinctly, by going to fo m'^ch ex- 
pence, and running fuch rtfq\ies in 
<3TdcT to' acquire it. 

'. he king-of Sat-ditiia, ^ wife and 
poHi!C prince, who lias fo Ibng and 
fo ably ja;>ported the balance df 
Itaiy, (eems^to have been the only 
power w>>o regarded it in the Ught 
m -wliich it dtterved. It 19 faid, 
chat he a^Jfifed upon this occafion 
to a great power and ancient ally; 
and pfopoi'ed their jointly taking 
fuch efiedual meafures as would 
have infured fuccefs; but this ap* 
plication being without effeft, he 
was obliged to remain an unwilling 
fpeftater of ari evil, which ftand- 
rng alone he muft be unable to re- 
m^y. The inadlivity of the houfe 
of Auftria upon this occafion ought 
to be attributed to fome other caufes 
beildes either indolence or inatten- 
tion. If is probable that the dif- 
torbances in PoIan3, and the war 
breaking out between the great 
neighbouring powers can only ac- 
count for this condu6l> and may 
from their nearnefs and other cir- 
com fiances be fo intcrefting, as to 
draw the attention of the court of 
Vien^ from every or her objeft to 
their confideratioa only. 

Whether it was from a deep and 
critical knowledge of the political 
temper and complexion of the 
time;, or whether it proceeded 
from a fortunate concurrence of 
events only, France feiied the 
lucky minute for the invafion with 
impunity of that ifland, a meafure 
which aif Other ttme$» and in other 



fituations. Would have drawn txpoti 
it the refentment of half Enrop*. 
The Genoefe immediately put into 
the hands of the French troeps this 
few places Whith thby ftill poflcfled 
in the idand, and ^kh coMfkd 
of Baftia, the capital, arid of a fe\i^ 
oth^'f fortifif d towbs; Jf the 'C6ufi 
of France has not yet Kad the ftic4 
cefs in that attempt v»hich theii 
fanguine expef^ation* fdrihid, ana 
the general opinion Ima^nfed, it 
is onJy to be Attributed to the itfJ 
vincible courage of the Cbrfi^ansi 
arid to the ^reat qualities of thcif 
chiefs Paoli. But as it is imj^offibld 
for a poor and little natidh, coftfilK 
ing of lefs than 200,000 (bUls, ti 
maintain fingly a continbal t*fi# 
againft fuch a great and powerful 
monarchy, fo the brave and vigor- 
ous oppoiition hitherto made by the 
Corficans can, without fome po#er-t 
ful afliftance, ferye otaly to rcndei^ 
their fail glorious. 

The attempt upon Coriica is not 
the only extraordinary event whicR 
this year has produced in the South 
of Europe. The peaceable eftatei 
of the Sovereign Pontiff, both in 
France and in Italy, have for once 
had their flumbers broken by th^ 
alarms of war, and have fnffered 
invafions and bloodlefs conquefli 
from thofe, who h:id been longf 
looked upon and ftiled the beflr foni 
and defenders of that church. This 
may be regarded among the lirft 
apparent effe^s of that fettled and 
ftndt union which at prefent fo 
clofely binds the different branchel 
of the houfe of Bourbon. Happj* 
if it fhould have none more^^fOim^ 
deiable. ' 

The conjnnfHon between ibt 
members of this compaft arid thd 
houfes of Auftriaand Portugal^ both 
#f which miy fio^infbiAob meafore 

[S]i, be 



U ANNUAL B.EGISTE1L, 1768, 



be rf garded as links of the fame 
great chain, that embraces in the 
2ride£^ manner the whole South pf 
EaroDe, adds too moch weight to 
tn aili4nce already tooppwerfuU 
4Bdof fo alarming and 4angeroas 
a tendenqr. Nor does the unifor- 
'mity of conduft obferred by thofe 
powers in the late difpi^tes between 
the Pope and the dake of Pam\a 
leave any loom to dQobt of the clofe- 
ps& of the prcient cpnnedions be- 
tween cnepi* Aod though as pro- 
^fiants we may be glad oTany ei^nt 
that reduced the power of tHe Ro* 
man PomiC yet as good politicians 
we muft regret, that any accident 
Jboold ^FQw fo noble a country ^ 
that of luly into the hands qf fo fori- 
inidable an alliance. 

If the South has not yet exhi- 
bited a|l the calan^ities of war, the 
ftate pf $S^it$ in the North has 
onhappily aflbmed and ftil} bean 
the moft melancholy appearance. 
The flattering a^d faueuine ex- 
pedations which were formed on 
fhe conclttfions of t)ie late diet in 
polandt and the intervention of the 
l^u^ianf in the alBiirs of that king- 
dom were totsdly overthrown al- 
moft ^ fooo as they were formed; 
and tju^ unfortunate country has 
oeen finSb the theatre of the ipoft 
^uel and complicated of all wars: 
partly civil, partly reliEipus, and 
partly fbreigfi. It mvifl be aUowe4 
that the meafure« relative to the 
diet, as well as thpfe which fpr 
fome time paft )iad regplated all 
the tranfadions in that pountry. 
feemei) pregnant wit)i -fuch feeds ot 
difc^ptentf as might well be ex- 
pedtd to produce, looner ot later, 
U>me very extraordii^a^y fonfe- 
quence^. We have fcm a foreign 
army, under colour of friendihij^, 
take poflcfiion of a countr)' to 



which they did not even pretend a 
right} we have feen them, for a 
cottife of years, peremptorily die* 
tatc to the members of a once great 
^nd free nation* the meafvres they 
ihoold parfue« and the laws they 
ihonld eftablUh for their own in-* 
temal government; and we have 
feen tHem feize the fenators of that 
ni|tion» and fend them prifpners to 
a fbrdgn country, fpr daring to 
haye ^n opiaion m their pwn na« 
tipnal councU2[. It is not then to 
be wondered at» tha| the Poles, a 
braye f^nd haugbtv nation, lont 
nurfed in independence^ and who& 
nobles hadexerpifed in their rcfpee^ 
tive diftri^ an j^mo^ unlimited fo<^ 
vereignty, ihould il| brook a fub? 
miflion to fuch nnnatnral ^&s of fo* 
reign powe^. 

The confequenpes have accord- 
ingly been fatal. The refentment 
excited by pAtriotifm from a fenfe 
of national injury and di(hononr» 
being embittered and inflamed, by 
the fpirit of cruelty apd animoiityi, 
yfhick is almoft always infeparable 
from religious difpntes, th^t un- 
happy copi^try has exhibited, in 
the coarfe of the year, fcenes of 
horror, calamity^ and defobtion^ , 
witk which we are happily but 
little acquainted in this qqarter of 
the world. Citizen deflroying ci- 
tisen; foreigners drenching the 
vaft plains of a great country ii^ 
the beft blood <)f its inhabitants, 
and the fields covered with the un- 
hung bodies of tbpfe that ufed to 
till them» are but a part of the 
horrors pf this dreadful pi^urel 
We fee a great Monarch, who wants 
neither parts nor fenfibility, a ^lent 
and hflpleis fpeAator pf the ruin 
of his country, and ihdcbted for 
liis own protedipn to the deidroycrs 
of it. y^e alfo ice a ^at an^ 

ancient 



rtlStOHY OF* £UROf£. -Is 



tmettc Nobifiry» who have fbr a 
fKcdEon of ages been fkmous for 
tkesr martial exploits in the defence 
of their omntry, sow fly for refvtft 
to the common enemies of thechrif- 
tiaa name, and oflfer to pot them- 
fdves and their conntrjr into hands 
fo odioot to them. 

Raffia is upon the eve of a trial 
of power and (kkW, with a great 
aadpotesc nei^hbonr. The conteft 
win probably be very bloody, and 
itb as probable, will be attended 
with no figaal advantage to either 
fide. The Roffians have certainly 
at prefent great advantages with 
rcmdrto military knowledge and 
dinpUne. On the other hand, the 
eathafiaftic valour of the Turks, 
their nnmbers, and the refoarces 
which arife from their extenfive do* 
mi^iont, may be fappofed in a 
gitat mcafore to compenfate.for 
thcfe deficiencies. To this may be 
added, that the inequality in point 
of experience and difcipline will 
daily leHen by a continuance of the 
war, and that the Turks are natu- 
ratty capable of being very formi- 
dable in the field. 

It is indeed probable, that there 
will be extraordinary exertions 
made on both fides. If the £m- 
pfe6 of Raffia, poflefles a fpirit 
wocthy of a fuccefibr of Peter the 
Great, the prefect Grand Signior 
is aUb faid to ihew an extent of 
mind and capacity, much ftperior 
to any of his late predeceffi>rs. If 
ao oraer powers interfere in it, the 
war, notwithfbinding, may not be 
of a kmg coatinnance. Tne fron- 
tier provinces on both fides are 
poor, barren, and uncultivatiMi; 
aad the greater part of the few in- 
habitants, a miferable banditti, 
thj: have fcarce any thing to lofe. 



The expence and difficulty of fup*- 
porting armies in diftant waftes, 
that aibrd few 6f the neceflaries of 
life is very great ; nor is li battle^ 
in fiich a fituation attended with 
the confequ^nccs that it is in rich 
and cultivated countries. The cli- 
mate is alfo harfhi the winters are 
long and fevere, and armies foon 
grow weary I when they experience 
all the poflible incommocuties of 
war, and none of the ufual plea- 
fures or emoluments of it. It is 
true that Poland will, for thefe and 
other reafons, become in a great 
meafure the principal (eat of th^ 
war; but the calamities of the paft 
year have placed that unfortunate 
country in almoft the fame fituation 
¥dth thofe we have defcribed. The 
favage and barbarous manners of 
the (warms of irregular troops that 
are employed on both fides muft 
alfo put a flop to tillage and cul- 
tivation wherever they dire6l their 
courfe; . and they undefignedly 
abridge the duration of a war, by 
cutting off the means thatihould 
fupport it. 

It does not appear that the court 
of Ruffia was at all defiroos of 
entering into this war, if peace 
could have been pofiiby prefexved, 
without giving up its favourite 
fyflem in Poland; and the occa- 
fional diforders committed by -Its 
troops on the Ottoman frontiers 
do not feem to have proceeded 
from any fixed ddign of giving 
umbrage to that court; at leaft 
till matters were carried to fuch 
lengths that there were no longer 
any hopes of preferving harmony. 
There u no doubt, however, but 
this court forefiiw that war would 
be the probable confequence of its 
conduA in that countiy; an event 

[B] 5 which 



^3 ANNUAL REQISTER, 1768. 



which the repeated remonftrancet 
ct the Porte, and the anxiety it 
tbfiwtd at the purTuit of thofe xnea- 
fures, fufficiently indicated. It was 
accordingly well prepared for this 
event; its armies were in good 
condition* its ftores and magazines 
well provided, and the difpofition 
of its troops fuch, tliatthey might 
be readily alTembled in bodies upon 
the frontiers, 

Notwithftanding any diiinclina- 
cion this court might have to en* 
tering into the war, it betrayed no 
fymptoms of weaknefs or mean- 
nefs in endeavouring to avoid it. 
^p. On the contrary « it (hewed 
S* great dignity and firm- 
nefs upon the arreft of its mi- 
ni^r at Conftantinople ; upon 
which Qccafion it loudly ju(li£ed 
his condud> and applauded his 
fpirit in not making any humiliat- 
ing conceffions, or fubmitting to 
conditions that were derogatory 
the honour and glory of the em- 
pire. In a word, there is a fpi- 
rit and firmnefi viiible in all the 
meafures of this government, and 
an apparent vigour in the diflferent 
departments of its adminiftration 
from which great things may be 
expedied. 

The conduA of the Grand Sig- 
nior, in regard to the tranfa^Uons 
in Poland, has been hitherto 
blamelds and irreproachable ; and 
feems entirely confident with the 
charader of a good neiehbour and 
faithful ally. The afiaus of that 
country have, for fome yean paft, 
greatly attradcd the attention of 
the Porte; nor could \t indeed 
have been an indifferent fpedator 
to the late meafures purfued there. 
The great and growing power of 
the RuiBan ,cmpire» and the fa- 
prcmc afcendant it has acqui^d ia 



all the tranfa£lions of the North, 
were in themfelves, objects pf fuffi- 
cient jealoufy to fo near a neigh- 
bour. But the almoll abfolpte do- 
minion which it had lately acquired, 
and the unlimited authority it ex- 
ercifed in fo coniiderable and ex- 
tend ve a country, and poffefied of 
fuch great natural powers as 'Po- 
land, was an objed of fuch mo- 
ment as the Grand Signior could 
not poflibly have overlooked with- 
out giving up every preteniion to 
true policy, and even to common 
prudence. 

In fad, while its kings were 
eleded, its laws pafled, and its 
ftates governed under the influence 
of a Ruffian army, Poland could be 
confidered in no other light than 
as a province to that empire ; and 
the (plendid titles of Kingdom and 
Republic were only a mockery and 
cruel infult on its degradation. 
The Poles might have urged, and 
the Turks might have been con- 
vinced, that the pretences of ful- 
filling treaties, proteding the Diffi> 
dents, and guaming the freedom of 
eledion, was an ufeful fort of of- 
fice-language, which made a very 
good figure on paper, and had a 
plaofible effed in manifeftos, to 
the vulgar, or to thofe who were 
but little concerned. But thefe 
glofles could bear no political teft 
of examination ; as reafons of the 
fame, or a fimilar nature, might be 
eternally found for the keeping of 
an army in any country, under 
pretence of friendihip or protec- 
tion, and at the fame time con- 
verting it to all the porpofes of a 
cooq.^ provioc«: U truth, 
the fame reafons would have held 
for fending a Ruffian army to Con- 
ftaatinople, to proteft the Divan, 
to prevent riou among the Janiza- 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[7 



riw, ^nd to reftore the chrifiians in 
that empire to their ancient rights 
aind privileges. 

There is no doubt but that the 
Applications which have been re- 
peatedly made for fome years by 
numbers of the Poliih nobility to 
the Grand Signior have had their 
weight with him. The propofals 
lately made by the nobility of Po- 
dolia, and fome other provinces, 
who> it is faidy have offered to put 
themCelves and their countries un- 
der the Turkiih government* upon 
certain conditions, muH alfo be 
Battering to the ambition of this 
prince. Without entering farther 
into the motives* it is certain that 
the preparations for the war in the 
Torkifli empire, exceed any thing 
of the fame nature that has been 
known for more than an age ; that 
no expence is fpared in the military 
departments, and that the Sultan 
himielf attends to every thing with 
a care and afltduity, which fuffici- 
ently fhew how deeply he interefts 
himfelf in the confequences. 

What part the great powers of 
Germany will take in this war, or 
whether they will take any, mull 
be at prefent a matter of great un- 
ceruinty, and perhaps not yet de- 
cided in their own breads; as it 
will probably depend upon future 
contingencies, and the particular 
circumftances that may atfend the 
progrefs of a fire, that has been 
kindled at their doors. It is cer- 
tain, they have been particularly 
attentive to what has already pal- 



fed ; have completed their armies ♦ 
and taken evcrv other meafure to 
be prepared for all events that 
may happen in a difcuiHon fo in- 
tcreiling to them. The king of 
Pruilia has, in general, approved of 
the condud or the court of Rullla 
in the affairs of Poland, and has, 
upon every occafion, (hewn his dif- 
approbation of the adls of the con- 
federates. The power of RuiTia is 
at once formidable and neceflary to 
him. 

The court of Vienna has been 
much more referved ; and, without 
any public declaration, has yet 
(hewn no marks of fatisf;;6lion at 
the meafures purfued in that coun- 
try. It may be remarked, that 
upon the refiuifition, faid to be 
made by the emprefs of RufEa, at 
Vienna, to know what part that 
court would take in the war, the 
anfwer was delivered in very cool 
terms, * that they would remain 
neuter, and that their armies were 
defigued to proted their own dc- 
minions,* It is alfo obfcrvable^ that 
fome Ruilian troops having foon 
afterwards purfued a party of the 
confederates within the confines 
of Hungary, where they killed fe- 
veral ot them ; as foon as «^ 
the news reached Vienna, ^^* ^' 
Prince Kaunitz fummoned Prince 
Gallitzin, the Roffian ambaOa- 
dor, and defired him to acquaint 
his court, that their Imperial Ma- 
jeflies expeded immediate farhfac- 
tion for this violation of their ter- 
ritories. 



[^3 + 



CHAP. 



81 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



CHAP. 



n. 



Froccedings 9f tht Grand CmamJJiim in P#Zcm/; mmmg wumf other renJd^ 
tions, refoUfa to fuffrtft tht jurifdiOiom of tht Ntmdatwrt. Tht Ptf^s 
Nuncio deU*vets trieh to tht Kingt Prinmtt, and Bifltofs^ and a mmmhfio 
to the Great Chancellor f in njohich he threatens nviih excomatnmeation thofe 
mihofuhfcrihe to the oBi of the Commiffimun. Tht iatt Mwffal of tht Con- 
federacy in Lithuania tnttrs afrotejt againfi all the aBs of tht Qrand Com- 
nufftouf and agaiujf every thing that Jhall it tranjaktd undir*tht in" 
Jlutnct o^fortign arms. All tht trtatits ittnvttn tht KipuUic, the Etnprtfs 
cfRulfia, and tht King ef Prufia, are confirmed and renewed. Great tm- 
rmmities are granted to tht Ruffian merchants. Tht Ditt meets, and ratifies 
all tht a£ls of the High Commiffitn. The fwo great Coifederacits art de^ 
clartd to it at an end ; patriotic ithaviour of tht Grand Marjhals. Tht 
Diet hreaks up, and e*oery thing is immediately after in confufUn* Jncmt^ 
fifteney of the actounts «iw rtceivt, of tht ftatt and ctndn^ of tht difftrtnt 
partiez tn that country. 



THE Grand Comifiiffion that 
was appointed lad year in 
Poland* finally to adjult the affairs 
of the Diffidents> had its powers al- 
io extended to other objc^ of the 
higheft importance in the govern- 
ment of that conntfy. Thecommif- 
(ioners accordingly refnmed their 
deliberations immediately after the 
holidays; the conferences were held 
at the palace of Prince Repnin, the 
Ruffian ambaHador, Among other 

. . . re?alations they pre- 
Jan. 14th, ^^^^^ jj ^^ decreed, 

'7^»- that the King fhould 
enjoy a yearly jpenfion of one million 
and a half of florins, to be paid by 
the treafury. That Prince Radzi- 
vil Hioald have an annual penfion 
6f 600,000 florinsi by way of in- 
demni^cation for his lolTes, and 
for three millions which the repob- 
iic owed to his fiunily. That the 
Treafurer of the Crown, who had 
hitherto enjoyed a penfion of 
120,000 florins, (hoold have it 
augmented to 200,000 ; that the 
Great Treaforer of Lichaania (hoaid 



have an augmenution of 40,000 
florins to hit yearly appointments ; 
Count Fleming, the fiifliop of 
Wilda, and fome others^ were alfo 
to come in for conflderable funis ; 
and it was ordered that the fom of 
12,000 Polifli ducats, fhould be 
granted as a yearly appendage, or 
portion, to the two pnnces of Sax- 
ohy. The revenues of the country 
were thus, under a Ruflian direc- 
tion, difpofed of for the fupport of 
a Rnflsan intereft, and for enabling 
the chiefs of that fadion to ftand 
upon a level with the throne. 

^Among other matters of great 
moment that were tranfafted by the 
High Commifiion, it was agreed to 
confirm a Ireaty very advantageous 
to Ruflia with refpeA to commerce, 
which had been pafled between 
the two nations in the year 1686. 
A Angular circumftance in thb 
decree, and one which marks the 
foirit of the whole proceeding, is, 
that the treatv is for the future to 
be underflood and received in th^ 
form in which it exifts in the ar- 
chives 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[9 



ckives of the Ruffian empire, and 
not as it was publifhed and hitherto 
received in PoUnd. 

It was alfo refolved by the Com- 
mifBon to fujpprefs the jurifdidtion 
of the Nunciattire» and that inftead 
thereof, a fynod, or ecclefiaftical 
council, ihould be ere^ed, of which 
the Primate wis to be Prciident. 
That this tribunal ihould decide, 
as the dernier refort, all fuch eccle- 
fiaftical caufes as had been hither- 
to carried to the court of Rome, or 
laid before the Nuncio from thlt 
court refidine there. That the tax 
on Pope's bulls fhould be abolifh- 
ed, or at leaft reduced, and that a 
new regulation (hould be made con- 
cerning the tythes. Aminifterpleui- 
potentiary was alfo to be fent to 
Rome, to inform the Pope of their 
motives for re-ellabliftiing the Dif- 
fidents in their ancient rights, and 
to defire his Holinefs to withdraw 
his Nuncio, and not to fend any 
more to Poland, but to invefl the 
Prince Primate with the character 
of Hereditary Legate. 

While the Hi|,h Commiflion was 
employed in this manner, a brief 
was delivered to the King, mid 
another to the Primate, oy the 
Pope's Nuncio ; in the brief to the 
King it was faid/ that he ought ra- 
ther to abdicate the crown, than 
to fign things that were fo prejudi- 
cial to the Roman Catholic reli- 
gion. The Nuncio alfo addrefTed 
a brief to the Biihops ; and he de- 
livered on the part of his Holinefs^ 
a manifefto to the Great Chancel- 
lor, in which hr informed all thofe 
who may fubfcribe to any articles 
of that nature, that they ihould be 
excommunicated. The Marfhal of 
the confederacy of Lithuania alfo 
entered a proteil, JU[ainil all the 
ads of the commiSioners, and 



againft every thing that was now 
tranfa^ng, or that ihould be tranf- 
afled, under the influence of fo- 
reign arms. This protcft alfo con- 
tained many fe vere inve^ives againft 
theRuflians, and animadverted up- 
on their condud in general in the 
bittereil terms. But previous to 
the MarihaPt taking thefe ileps» 
he had the precaution to fell all 
his eilates, and immediately after 
quitted the country and retired to 
Rome, to ihelter himfelf from all 
p^rfuits. 

The diet having met, ^ . ,, 
J. ^j r reD. I. 
was again adjourned for 

three weeks; the motives aiCen- 
ed for this meafure were, tnat 
feveral things that tended to ex- 
afperate the minds of the people/ 
particularly the proteil before men- 
tioned^ and the briefs delivered by 
the Nuncio, were to be laid before 
them. In the mean time the com- 
miffioners, who fecm toliave fubiH- 
tuted themfelves in the place of the 
diet, and aiTumed the whole legiila- 
tive authority of Poland, proceeded 
with the utmofl vieour and expedi- 
tion. When a diet agreeable to 
their intereils could be calkd, there 
was no doubt of their giving the 
form of ratification to their refolves. 
They were, however, confiderably 
retarded in the execution of one 
part of their commiffion, that which 
regarded the finances, by the oppo- 
fition of the clergy, who abfolutely 
refufed to part with any more of 
their revenues towards defraying the 
public expences. The commif- 
iioners, however, fixed the public 
contributions at 23 millions of Po- 
liih florins per annum ; they alfo 
ordered a coinage of one hundred 
millions of filver, and twelve mil* 
lions of copper. 

AIJ 



JO] ANNUAL REGISTER, i)68. 



All the treaties between the Rc- 
public> the £inpire of Ruffia, and 
the King of Pruflia, were renewed 
and confirmed; and the Emprefs of 
Ruifia was declared and continued 
guarantee of the rights and privi- 
leges of the Polilh nation. The 
Rudian merchants were to be ex- 
empted from the pavment of any 
J»articular duties eftaolifh^d in Po- 
and ; but were to be fubje^^ to the 
cuHoms of traniit appertaining to 
the Republic. By the abovemen- 
tioned treaty of commerce, and by 
thefe new regulations, RufCa tooK 
poiTeflion of the whole commerce, 
as before (he had done of the whole 
government of Poland. 

By another regulation, the Dukes 
of Courland were not to be obliged 
to receive in perfon the invelliturc 
of that dutchy from the Kings of 
Poland ; and the Courland nobi* 
lity were to be exempt from all 
toll duties throughout the King- 
dom. 

The diet, after two more ad- 
journments, nt lengrh finally met ; 
a confiderable body of. Ruffian 
troops attended as ufual, to prevent 
diforder, and to promote unani- 
mity. The Hates had very little 
trouble : they had nothing to do 
but to ratify all the articles that 
had been pafred by the High Com- 
midlon ; and as an inilance of the 
harmony that fubfiHed between all 
(he parties, it was agreed, that fuch 
tcncluflons as the commiiTloners 
had pafTeJ among themfelves, in 
their private deliberations, Ihould 
be confirmed and ratified, as well 
as thofe which they had pafTed 
j< intly with the Rufllan ambaila- 
dor. The treaty which the com- 
miflioners had entered into with 
the ambaiTador, as well refpefHng 
the Diilidenu, as the ftate in geae- 



ral, and whatever other matters^ 
was declared to have the force of a 
law, and was to be confidered as a 
fundamental and perpetual confti« 
tut^ion. It was then declared that 
the general confederacy of the (lates« 
as well as that of the DifTdents^ 
were now at an end, and the depu- 
ties made an entry to that purpofe 
in the journals ; after which the 
bufinefs for which it af- ^^ i 
fembled beinj now &• ^^^ >• 
nifhed, the King clofed the diet. 

It may perhaps be wotth obfer- 
vation, that in this complicated 
treaty, or whatever other name it 
can be called, which includes at 
once both public and private, fo- 
reign and domeftic affairs ; that 
it was at the requeft of the com- 
miffioners, and feems to be under- 
ilood as a favour, that Prince Rep- 
nin gave his confent, that the fol- 
lowing words might be inferted in 
it, viz. ** without prejudice to the 
treaty of Oliva, or that of Carlo- 
wits," though the fupport of thofc 
treaties was almoR the fole pre- 
tence the foreigners could have for 
intermeddling in the affiairs of that 
country. 

The commiffioners had propofed 
to ailign to each of the Grand Mar- 
fhals of the two confederacies, the 
fum of 100,000 florins, in coniide- 
ration of the great eypences they 
had been at in the difcharge of 
their employs with dignity. -This 
offer was rejeded by both the Mar- 
fhals, who nobly refufed to accept 
of any retribution or rccompence 
whatfoever, and declared, that in 
all their endeavours for the public , 
good, they never had in view to 
be of charge to the Hate, much lefs 
to feelc any intereff of their own at 
the expenccof thcif fellow citizens; 
that they were happy in h^vine 

ferved 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[^1 



fervcd their country to advantage, 
and fufiiciently fatisfied with the 
fucceis of their labours. In return 
for this unexampled patriotifm and 
di£ntereftednefs, it was refolved. to 
return them thanks in the name of 
the Republic, and to enter the 
whole tranfa^ion in the archives of 
the kingdom. 

It might now appear that the af* 
fairs of Poland were fettled upon a 
fixed and permanent bafts; at lead 
ic might be imagined, that the pre- 
fent regulations would, for iome 
confiderabie time, have fecured its 
tranquillity. But nothing can be 
more inexplicable, by the imper- 
fed lights that are afforded at this 
diibuice, and which appear only 
through a doubtful medium, than 
the late and prefent ftate of affairs, 
and the conduA of the different 
parties in that country. 
'^fLail year the whole nation ran 
into confederacies ; all thefe leffer 
confederacies were at length fwal- 
lowed up, and became parts of two 
great ones : the general eon fed e- 
racy of the States, and that of the 
Diflidents : and foon after a tho- 
rough union and coalition took 
place between thofe two. A diet 
was called, at the defire of all the 
parties; Prince Radzivil, atwhofe 
return home the whole nation kept 
feftival, prefided in it. The Dif- 
fidents were re-inftated in their 
rights, which was a meafure that 
both the confederacies expreffed 
their de£ra of, and made one of the 
articles of their union. The diet 
was finally clofed, and both the 
confederacies voluntarily diifolved 
in the greateil harmonv ; the Mar- 
ihals thoroughly fatisned, and the 
refpe^ve parties fo to all appear- 
ancc» 



Immediately after thid pleaiin^ 
appearance of quiet and tranquiI-> 
lity, .without mention of any inter- 
vening adt that can account fiT it, 
we fee every thing in confufion, 
and the whole kingdom in a flame. 
The Diffidents are every where 
cruelly oppreffid, no mention now 
in their own immediate defence of 
any union, or of thofe numerous 
and powerful confederacies, which 
they formed laft year upon grounds 
fo much lefs urgent. Prince Rad- 
zivil, who fo lately guided the 
voice of the whole nation, and 
./eemed to be the only man in it 
capable of caufing any great revo- 
lution, is now no more heard of, 
feems to have loft both power and 
popularity, and cannot preferve 
peace even in his own neighbour- 
hood. 

The extraordinary violence of the 
meafurcs purfued by the Ruffian*:, 
particularly the unheard-of outrage 
of feizing the fenators, and carrying 
them prifoners out of the country, 
muft, till we can acquire clearer in- 
formation of the tranfadions there, 
be regarded as the primary cauie, 
as well of thofe feeming inconfif- 
tencics of conduft, as of all the fuc- 
ceeding calamities. The apparent 
authority with which they didated 
the fubfequent meafures both of the 
Diet and the High Commiffion, 
whofe deliberations, if they can be 
called fuch, were carried on under 
the muzzles of their mulkcts, and 
whofe coDclufions in many things 
had more the appearance of edifts 
coming from a Ruilian Governor, 
than of the refolntions of a PoIifl\ 
Senate, could not fail of producinjg 
the highcft and moft general difiX- 
tiffaAion. 



I^ 



lal ANN UAp. REGISTER, 1768. 

It was alfo faid about this tiine» great force, when applied to minds 

that the bifliop of Cracovia was re- already exafperated with oppre^ 

moved from his former place i>f fion. Nor ao the cruelties com- 

impriroDment, to the fatal calUe of mitted on the Diffidenu overthrow 

Schluflelbargh ; a report^ whether this opinion ; for it is well known 

tme or falfe, which could not fail that in civil wars* the minds 

of exciting the utmoil grief and men are fo embittered^ and their 

indignation. animofities become fo violent, that 

There is no doubt that the court every trifling diftindion, whether 

of Rome and the clergv, particu- of party, dialed, or even diftrid, 

larly that part of them who are more will frequently excite the moft in- 

immediately under its diredioo, human cruelties* And even in the 

finding h«w much its power in that inftance before us, it is faid that 

country was to be circumfcribed by the Greek pcaiants, in the courfe 

the new regulations, made tytxy of their imurredions this vear, 

effort, and ufed all their influence were guilty of the ereateft barbari- 

over the minds of the people, to ties to the Proteftanf gentlemen 

blow up into a flame thofe xttd^ of who had the misfortune to ^ into 

difcontent, which were already their hands, though they were under 

glowing in their breafls. It is as the fame common denomination of 

Httk to be doubted, that thefe ef* Diflidents with themfel ves ; and that 

forts had their full effed, and con- they had been fellow fulRnrers un- 

tribated greatly to extend the en- der the fame oppreflion, and in the 

fuing calamities : but flill they are fame caufe^ for fo great a number 

only to be confidered as fecondarv • of years, 
caufes, which indeed operated with 



CHAP. III. 

A Cmtftdtracy firnud im P§dJia* The cimftdtrmtu take the tity-^mdeMfth 
§f Bar, and ohlige the cow tm a nde r of the crmuu irufi in that frovinct to 
ioki refuge in the fortreft of Kamdntck. Severed other Cwfediracies 
ftnaed, fartictdarh at HaUet^ and in the city of LuhUn ; in the Imfi of 
<which places a Jtirmijb enfned wth the Rnfflamsp iy *which great mf 
thief nAtas done, and fart if the city burnt, fhe Ruffian general P^dbo" 
riescani defeatt a confderahle hodf of the Cotfederatet rf Bar near Confian' 
tinaw. tie Confederates of ilahcs, under the Starofte Potocki, take the 
town of Brezani ; hut are foon after defeated hy Colonel Ifieiffinan, end 
fwrfuMd into Moldavia. City of Cracow taken hy the Confederates of Cra- 
covia, *who are hefieged by the Ruffiant* Engagements near Bar; the 
city atod caftle taken* InJiinreSiom and harharitiet of the Greek feafants 
in the Ukreune. 

THE members who compofed at WaHaw, that a confederacy was 
the Diet were fcarcely ar- formed in the proviQCc of Podolia, 
rived at their refpedive placet of into which feveral magnates and 
abode, when the news was received perfons of the firil diflinftion had 

entered. 



HISTORY OF EUROPE 



[13 



filtered. That they had cl^en Mr. 
Knfiniki for thetr Marftal, had al- 
fcady raUed <ooo meo* and were 
alfo raifing the peafaiitiy to whom 
they promifed money an<iarins> and 
anade the dtv of Eair their head* 
quarters. This confederacy paint- 
ed a woanded eagle on their ftan- 
4Mrds, and to the motto * T^ cMfner 
W^i* ther afterwards added» ' Pr0 
religmi a iiSirtafi,* tbr religion and 
liberty. 

Nothing ever ihewed lefs jadg- 
ment» or was more raih and pre- 
mataret than the conduft of thi$ 
confederacy. The Raffians> de- 
ceived hy the iaimefs of appear- 
ance!, and by the ftrennoas re- 
monflbmnces of the Porte, were 
joil going to withdraw their forces 
<mt of the kingdom ; and dif- 
patches were received at this verv 
time from Conftantinople, whi^ 
woold have quickened their de- 
partore. It may eafily be judged 
nom what has (ince appeared, 
what the confequences woaid have 
hecn, if the confederates had tem- 
per or prudence to have waited 
for this event. In that cafe, the 
ivhole nation would have been up 
inarms before the Ruflians could 
have returned: fo that, inftead 
pf deftroving petty difonited par- 
ties, and "cruflirng every confede- 
racy in its infancy, they would 
then ha^e met with numerous and 
powerful bodies of men, ready to 
encounter them, and who, if they 
did fall in the defence of their 
cohptry, would at ItsJk have the 
^tisfa^lioji of npt ^ying whplly 
^nrcvengcd. 

The firft aa of this confede- 
racy was the taking the eaftle of 
Bar; which was looked upon as 
f confiderable fortification, and 
^as tolerably |>royided with pan? 



nonandnulttary ftores. The'con- 
fedef^tes foon after attacked the 
commander of the crown troops in 
Podolia, who was obliged to take 
refuge in the fbrtrefs of Kamineck, 
with the lofs of 2000 of his men, 
who feem to have fuifered them* 
felves to be uken prifoners, 
and then enlifted with the confe* 
derates. 

Several other confederacies now 
^began to be formed, particularly 
atlialics, a town of Red Ruflia^ 
where they chofe M. Potocki» 
Starofle of Trembohol and Gr^t 
Cup-bearer of Lithuania, for their 
chief. Another was formed at 
the city of Lublin, which the 
Ruffians attempted to carry off 
at its firfl meeting, but were op* 
pofed by the inhabitants, who 
founded the alarm bell, and fired 
at them out of the windows; a 
defperate ikirmifii then enfued, in 
which the' Ruffians fet fire to the 
city by their cannon, and fivo 

Salaces, a convent, and above a 
hndred houses were burnt to 
the ground : the defence was not- 
withflandin? fo jrigorous, that 
they were <H>liged to retire with* 
out executing their defign. 'Rie 
Ruflian army, under General Kref^ 
chetnichow, formed a line in the 
palitinate of Cracovia, to prevent 
the progreis of the confederatea 
of Bar, who were now grown very 
Qiunerous, and who plundered 
that General's baggage, after de-* 
feating the convoy that attended 
it. 

In the mean time, manifeftoes 
were daily publifhed bv the con* 
fedierates, and counter-declarations 
in the King's name. The Poliih 
troops either acfufed to fight the 
ooniederates ifhan they met, or 
jjpined them^ . which they fre* 

q«entl^ 



14] ANNUAL REGISTER, jy6i. 



«|a«ntly did in whole bodies. No- 
thing can more clearly fhe#the 
general fenfe of the nation, ^ and 
the uniformity of opinion tha^ 
pireTaiied, than that in the courfe 
of all the troubles, and the fan- 
quinary executions that enfued, 
it doe$ not appear by the ac- 
counts that have been publifhcd, 
that there was fcarcely a drop of 
Wood drawn, in any conflid be- 
tween the national troops and the« 
confederate*. 

The firft adion of any cortfe- 
^etice that happened was at Con- 
ftantinow, where the ftuflian Gene- 
|tal PodhoricsaM, eager eo acquire 
the honour of a viAory v^hich he 
thought would be eafily purcUafed^ 
attacked with hii cavalry, without 
t>aiting for the coming dp of the 
M\ of his forces, a fuperior body 
•f the CO- -federates of Bar, wh'» re- 
ceived him fo vrarmly> that he was 
obliged to retreat, with the Jofs of 
joo of hii men kft dead upon thd 

This genera!, who is a native 
of the province of Montenegro; 
hi the Turkift dominions, and 
liiid to be delcendfd from the 
famous Scanderbeg', foon took 9 
fcverc reven|;e for this difgrace. 
Having rejoined hw forces, he 
inarched fuddenly with all ima- 
ginable fpeed and privacy back 
to the camp of the confederates, 
which he foand in a (late of dif- 
mdfT that can fcarcely be cre- 
dited in thefc days of f eivilizej 
nat^on^ or of any people that 
kitd cVcT defer ved a military 
eharad^'r. I'hcy had celebrated 
fh'^it :yi6lory with fhe moft ex- 
^/.^va^ant mirth' and debauchery, 
*rfd were lying la 'Ri» ^^^» witfr- 
Omcentinels, gu«rdf, or*advance«l 
polls, y^hin file Ruffians potfrcd 
1. 



in upon them. The reft w ^"* 
was only 5 flaughter, and ^ J^ '- 
a flight. The conftderates loft, ii# 
killed, wounded, and fri^bners,' 
2,200 men, befides eight pieces <5?f 
Cannon. The reRraindcr fled int^ 
Moldavia, and were prote^ed by 
the Hofpodar, or Prince of that 
country. * 

An nitcm'pt was m^d^ about tM* 
time by the confederated ^f Bary 
to carry off the Prince Primate 
and Prince Rcpnin, by night, from 
Warfaw, in wTiich it is laid, they 
were near foccccding, but" were 
however prevented by die vigilance 
of the Rufiian guard's. All the pro-' 
vinces almoU in the'Jcin^dom had 
n6w entered into confcd<*racies,' 
except the great dnchv of Liiho". 
ania, which was witfi difficulty 
kept quiet by the influence of 
Prince Kadzivil amd the Prince 
frrmate. The Rnffians had how- 
^^er fo interfered the country* 
were fo alert in their motions, 
and • judiciour in the choice of 
their f)oft^, that tTicy prevented 
alnrofl^alF'Tntercourfc between the 
different ct^nfederacies ; fo that 
therfcf was no concert obferved in 
thrir motions, no mutual afliflancc 
given, and they were generally cut 
off fingly, with little lofs to the aft 
farlants. 

The Staroftc of Kamii\eck was 
tent to Drefdcn, with letters, and 
probably propofals to that court 
nrom the confederacies of Bar ; but 
tfte Prifices of Saxony refufed id 
fee him, and fcnt him word, that 
they would have nothing to do 
with the meafores in which hd 
had fa imprudently embarked* 
and recnmmtnded to him to quit 
prefdeo, "WKich he* did immedi- 
atety. That court then made a 
dtchtatitin; by its rcfidcnt at 

Warfaw, 



HISTORY OF EUROPE* 



[m 



WxtUw, that it would not inter- 
fere in any manner with tke con-- 
federates, and that any deputy 
that came from them to Drefden. 
ftoold be fenc back without an au- 
dience^ 

Count -firanickis Great Mailer 
of the artillery of the crown, re- 
ceived a commiffion to tak^ the 
£eld with fome, regiments. The 
obje& of this commii&on was not 
to £ght the confederates, but to en- 
deavour tp bring the crown troops, 
who had joined them, back to 
their duty, by publifhing an am- 
nedy in their favour. It was in 
the inftruments ifTued by the chan- 
cery upon this occaiion, that the 
confederates were firft branded, 
with the name of rebels. We 
do not Knd that the amneHy 
brought any of the troops b^ck to 
their duty; on the contrary, a 
plot was difcQvered, in the regi- 
ment of dragoon guards, which 
were the King's own body guards, 
and which were on the point of 
going oiF in a body to join the 
confederates. What is remark- 
able, and from our imperfedt rela- 
tions of thefe matters unaccount- 
able, is, that the officers of this 
regiment were almoft all Pro- 
teftaots. 

Scarce a day now pafled ,with- 
oot ikirmiihes between the Ruf- 
fians and the confederates, in 
which the former, as it might be 
expeded, generally had the bet- 
ter ; and the animoiity was grown 
fo high between the two nations, 
that wherever they met they came 
to blows I a great deal of blood 
was fpilt, and great cruelties were 
committed upon every occaiion. 
The siobles of the neighbourhood 
))4vijig oDder fome ocher prt* 



teace, but in reality to form a 
confederacy, aflembled in the city 
of Gnefna, the Ruffians whp 
w;ere in the city and neighbour- 
hood engaged with them fabre- 
in-hand in the llreets, where M. 
Zoblocki their chief, and a great 
ixumber of the nobles, were cut to 
pieces. At the fair of Prafmits, 
though withii^ eight leagues of 
WsltTslw, a tragedy of the fame 
nature was afled ; the natives and 
Ruffians quarrelled, and a num- 
ber of lives were }oft. Innu* 
merable mifchiefs were clone in all 
parts of the country : a party of 
confederates pillaged and burnt 
the town of Zalefwick, which 
feemed to be a barbarous injury 
and infult pointed at the King, 
who had taken great pal us in eda- 
biiihing feveral valuable manu- 
fadures there. The confederacy 
of Halics, under the Starofte Po- 
tocki took the town of Brezani, 
where they found above fifty pieces 
of cannon, the uniforms of two re- 
giments, and a great quantity of 
ammunition. 

This confederacy now think- 
ing itfelf formidable, the Marfhal 
Potocki publiihed manifedocs, in 
which he lliled himfelf Chief of 
the colours of the Confederates. 
On thefe colours were a red crofs, 
with this device, * By the aid here- 
of, ViAory.' This parade was. 
however of little ufe ; the Marfhal 
was attacked by Colonel ^ 
Weiflman, and fo toully ^ 
defeated, that it was with the 
greatcft difficulty he made his ef- 
cape,with the Councefs his fpoufe^ 
and a few particular friends, in a 
boat to the Turkilhfideof the Neif- 
ter, the CoiTacks having purfned 
them fo clofely* that they fired 

into 



16] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



into tbe boat, am! killed two or 
three perfons bv the Counte(s*f 
lide. 

Colonel Weiflban croflfed the 
Neifter, and pnrTned the rooted 
confederates a confiderable diilance 
mthin the Turkifh territories 
in Moldavia; the Baflia, who 
commanded in the neighbonrhood, 
fent him word, thaf he afted 
contrary to treaty by entering 
with an armed force into the Ot- 
toman territories ; that he had al- 
ready informed the Porte of it ; 
and that he now cautioned him 
not to advance any farther* or 
that he woald be under a ne- 
ceffity of drawing out hb forces 
againft him. The Ruffian officer 
pleaded ignorance of the limits, 
and retired : the Starofte Potocki 
made the beft^ nfe of this protec- 
tion ; and his fcattered party hav- 
xng by this means found an op- 
portunity to rejoin him, he took a 
circuit through a great part of Mol- 
davia and the territory of Choczim, 
re-croflTed the Neifter, and fnddenly 
attacked in the rear, and defeated 
a part of thofe Rufltans who had 
been in purfuitof him, after which 
he fafely joined the confederates of 
Bar. 

Almo/l all the palatinates of 
Great Poland were now confede- 
rated, as were the nobility of the 
province of Cracovia, who feized 
upon the capital city of Cracow, 
and eftabliihed their head quar- 
tere there. Several engagements 
happened between the Ku(fians 
onder General Krefchetnichew, 
and the confederates of Bar; in 
one of which the latter gained 
fome advantages, and (hewed a 
condoA not ufual with them. 
The Roflian general having uken 

5 



an advantageoitt fitnation n^af 
Bar, thought proper to intrench 
his army, to wait the arrival of 
General Apraxtn, who was march* 
ing with a confidertUe body of 
troops to his affiftance. OnnBt 
Potocki rightly ^ideing it of great 
importance, if pomble, to rive a 
Mow before the jondion of thofe 
two bodies, formed his troops into 
feveral divifions, and having in a 
great meafure concealed his nam« 
bers and motions, he j^ ^ 
wi|h a part of them ^^^ *^' 
mad^ an attempt upon the RuA 
iian camp. In this attack beinr 
repulfed, lie was purfned with 
great fury, upon which the troops 
he had in refcrve appeared *by 
degrees to fupport him ; and the 
pnrfuers being now too far ad- 
vanced, the whole Ruffian army 
were obliged to draw ont of their 
lines, and a bloody engagemefit 
enfued, in which the latter were 
faid to have fuffiered a confiderable 
lofs. 

No authenticated detail has been 
pttbliihed of the tranfa^Hons in this 
part of the world ; nothing can bo 
more imperfcA, more contradido- 
ry, or unfatisfadlory than the loofo 
and unjointed accounts we receive 
of them ; no connexion is obferv-. 
ed, dates are feldom given, and 
proper names are fo varied and difn 
figured, that it is frequently by 
weighing and comparing a number 
of circumftances, that any conclu- 
sion can be drawn from uie reprcn 
fentations given. We now faw 
the confederates at Bar very for- 
midable, and attack the Ru^n ^- 
neral in his camp, who found in- 
trenchmenu fcarcely fofficient to 
cover his army ; in a fortnight af- 
ter, without any action intervening 

that 



KtlSTOkt dt EURbPE. 



['7 



tlut we htvt any accooat of, this 
conftderacy is almoft toully dif- 
pcrffd, and the poor remains fhtit 
tip and do^ly beneged in the city 
add caftle of Bar. 
To A* «A A** Univcrialia was 
J*^ '**• aboQt thb time Mued 
for the holding of a general diet ; 
the treafarj alio at Wariaw gave 
public notice, that a {lardoQ woold 
TC granted to the Marihal of the 
Goimderacv of G^eat Poland, and 
CO hb adherents, provided that 
tii^ fnrrendered in three weeks, 
and made a fobkniffion for thtlf 
hah. Large bodies of Ruffians 
w^re now continoally marching in- 
to the kingdom ; and their troops 
were fo difperfed in tvery pan of 
Che conntiy, and their a^ivity 
fiich, that numeroos though the 
confederacies were, they were gene- 
rally attacked and routed as foon 
as formed ; and it did not unfre- 
^vendy happen, that they were 
cruiied in the very bud, in the firft 
iwiance of their affemUing. A 
coatinned (langhter attended thefe 
affions ; and blood, violence, and 
rapine covered the whole face of 
the country. The Ruffian mtnifter. 
Prince Repnin, being apprehenfive 
^the cofliequences of cne irruption 
which CoL Weiflman had made 
into the prindpi^ity of Moldavia, 
made a declaration to Meflrs. La 
Roche and SanI, refidents frbni 
Moldavia and Wallachia at Witr- 
6iw, That the condua of that of-* 
fcer was abfolutely contrary to th^ 
orders of hb court ; that therefoi^ 
the ColoT>eI, though he had other^ 
wife rendered himlelf commenda- 
ble to her Imperial Majefty, w^ufd 
be pot under alrreft, and turned 
oot of hb place I amd thitt they 
might Ihform their Princes a^d the 
Ottoman Porte thereof, whilA he 
Vol. XL 



would at the fame time fend notice 
df it to the Ruffian minifter at Con- 
ftantinbple. 

The coiifrderateS of Great Po- 
land about thb time received a 
fevere check ; a confidefable body 
of them, under the Sienr Ravdziii- 
fti, being entirely defeated, and- 
the fcattered fugitives forced to fly 
(br ihelter into Silefia ; upon this 
occafioil the town of Pifdry was re- 
duced into afhes. Soorl sifter thb 
affair, the tdii^n and caftle f ^^ .^ 
of Bar were Uken; the J"^^ "• 
confederates were (aid to have loft 
4000 men upon tUs occafion^ 
i ncluding the prifoners. The Rdf- 
fianstook sit this place fixty-nine 
pieces of cannoh, with a quantity 
of militoiy ftores, and dthef booty, 
to a great amount, fo that the 
fhares of feveral of the coimmon 
foldiers, in Inon^y, goods, and 
jewels, amcmnted to three or tour 
thoufand ducats a-piece; the in- 
habitants of Poddlia, VoDtinia, and 
the Ukraine, having, from the 
filppofed ftrength of thecaftle, de- 
pofit^ their tresdures there at in a 
place of common fecurit^. Meflrs. 
krafiniki, Potocki, and the dther 
rreat chiefs, had made their dcape 
durirtg the fie^; theV afterwaxds 
went to Mohifovr sina to feveral 
other towns, where they attempted 
to form n^ confederacies; andi 
notwithftanding the deffruAion 
that had hitherto attended that 
meafnre. To Violent smd geiteral 
was the ferment, that they found 
the people every where #eady to 
jotrt theinl They were# howeveri 
fo tlofely purfued by th^ Ruffians^ 
and fo continually touted,' that 
they could not itl^ke any head, 
and Ssrere at length forced to fly 
for ^rotedion to Choczim, a Tor- 
kifli fortrc6 bvilt on the oppofite. 
[C] ihore 



i8J ANNUAL R^QISTEfU. 1768.. 

(hore of ibe Nidler to Kamint ck» and xhe continual hayock they were. 

where they for fome time experU wttnefles to^ they ruAied headlong , 

€nced a miferable reverb or for- upon a deftrnftion which they di4 

tauf y and were reduced to (Ke great- not feem to wifli to avoid. 

efl indigence and^diftrefs. An infurredion of the Greek 

The trd thing almod that we peafant^ which now happened in 
hear of the confedefate& of Cra-.' the province of Kiovia and the 

cow, is their being beileged i^ Ukraine, w^s attended with fuch 

Tnlv 6 ^^ Cfmit3 ky the Ruf- clrcumilaftcesof .barbarous and in*, 

J ^ * fians. Here they made human cruelty* tha^ it feemed to 

a very l^g defence, which mull in take ojF from the. Iiorror of ra^ny 

a great meafure be attri^ '*.:d to. ojf thofe. fcenes which this unhap- 

the King's remon(lrance»^ who pre- ^ country had already prefented. 

vailed on the Ruffians not to de- Thofe . pealSuits, who had long- 

Ihoy the <;ity by Ering againft the groaned under the tyrannical -op- 

houies ; it molt, howeverji be af- pceffio0x>f cruel mafters, were nbw^ 

lowed^ that the confederates de- a (xgnal indance o^ the badnefs of 

fended it with great bravery^ A that policy^ which would deprive^ 

train of artillerf was fent from the any part ot the community of their 

arfenai- of Wariaw to afliil in the rights as men» and degrade thenv 

fiege* Count Bruhlr who was Sta^ to the conditio^ of flaves. The 

rolte^ofWarfaw, and General of the poor in ;dL countries meet with, 

airtiilcry, refufed tKls fervice» and' much inji^ry and oppreiEoa from, 

defijed leave to refiga* as he would the rich and the jreat.; yet we 

HOC on any account jnake himfelf fiad» that where they are allo^ed^ 

anfweraUe to the ftate for the con- to participaie in almoft any degred 

fequences of fuch a meafare. V^^ of the commoa rightj of mankind*^ 

was received that tlie ir&, great and to partake of the g^end 

column of the Ruffian army under gifts of nature,^ they will in times 

General Romanzow, coniifting o£ of public diftrefs adhere to ^he •for^ 

5o/>QO aeh, was advanced as far tune of their fuperiort with the 

as Bialacerkew* Thisr intelligence* moftperfevering fidelity* and freely 

alarming as it was« did not in the fpend their blood i^ the defence 

lead damp the rage which pofieU of benefits, of which they par* 

the minds of the people: fotha^ t^e fb.fnaU « fluure. Sut in^ 

though erery day brought an ac« country of which we treat, where 

count of fome engagement, and t)»e 'bulk of vthe people can cl^im 

every engagenient was attended n^i:ights.; the croel hour of weak-, 

with^tke deSruAioit of e confede- nc(sand diftrefs was inftanrly iciz< 

rocv, yet new ones farted up fafter^ cdupon as the happy opportunity 

and in great number;;, .t^n they to revenge upon their mailers aU 

,couId be deilroyed. The anli- the pad injuries and opp»ef« 

pathy and al>horreDce. tp the Ruf* ilqns which chey had fu&red frpm 

fiaa was Tq violent, tiat it leemed the^^ -* 

touUy to abibrb every otlier.paf* ' The peafants accordingly, find* 

imx and ^Ivn^ o^ the JMiman i^g*th^t moijl of the arms, amiymr 

lulqd ; lo :h^,notwicjiilan4inff the uitiea,. .and, Upret^ , and: .many of 

J^eoAliuJ cjiauip^Kid^r^^ ^^% ^^ bf^ ^^^ vefe drawe out of 

- , * * the 



1 



History oiP EtjRdt^E. 



E19 



the country, afleihbled in great leave no veilige that they had ever 

lbodies> and committed the moft exifted Imong them. Having called 

favage cmelties, murdering with- in the Haydamacks or Zaporoutik^ 

out oiftinAion gentlemen, ecclefi- Coflacks to their aflif^nce, they 

a/Hcs, Jews, Catholics, and united Teemed to threat the utter deftruc- 

Greeks; and fpariog neither wo- tvon of the country; whole ftarof- 

men nor children. The Sieqr ties, diftrids, towns, villages, were 

Deflcrt, • Governor of Palawocs, fackt and bornt ; and the de vacation 

and his Lieutenant, having fortu- they made was beyond defcriptton. 

nately got timely, information of Count Potocki, VayWode of Kiow* 

their defigna from the Bifhop of had no lels than ten towns, and one 
the united Greeks, faved their « hundred and thirty villages, de- 

Hves by flying to Rowna in Vol- ftroyed in his own territories. 

Mttia ; but the barbarous peafants The Ruffian General Apraxin 

mafllacred. the Biihop for Jiis ha- having at length marched with a 

inanity. The Governor of Smik body of forces againil thefe mif- 

had fo little notice of his danger, creants ; he flaughtered i^ great 

that he efcaped to Rp^rna in h^ number pf them, hanged a great 

ihirt only, and left his wif<? 3n4 niany more, and took ^hout 800 

child facriiices to their fury. Fifty prifoners, moft of whom were fent 

Fruflian huflars, who had the mil- in chains tt work upon the fortifica- 

fortnne to be in the copntry buy- tions for life. The Haydamacks 

ing horfes, were murdered by them^ iinmediately retired upon ^is ap- 

ander pretence that they wer^ Po- proach ; and fo great was the terror 

Ii(h eentlemen in difgnife.^ To which the Ruffians fpread among 

the ^ws they bore a particular th^ peafants, that feveral thoafanos 

aniniofity, as they had been, long oftnem onitted the country along 

emoloyed by the nobility as ftev^- with the Haydamacks, with a refo* 

aras in the management of their hition never to return. The conrt 

eflates, in which omce they treated of Warfaw^ to prevent fuch cala- 

thefe people with great cruelty and mities for the future, iflued UriA 



oppreflioh, who bow took a moft 
cruel revenge, flaughtered many 
thoufande of them, burnt their 



orders to all perfons who were pof* 
felled of aftates in that country, to 
treat their tenants with lenity, and 



honfes, deftroyed their books and not to give them any joft caufes of 
|>apers» and fcemed as if they would complainu 



t » ' • •• 



tea) 



CHAr 



2o] ANNUAL REGISTER,' 1768. 



C H A P. IV. 

Siegi of Cracow. Tht (•nfederates dejvrt m cafiiulMiotr, 'which is fifujki fy 
the Ruffiatt Gcttirah* ne\ity at Ungth taken by Jlona. DeplerahU fiats 
of the country, InfwnreSion of the Greek peafants at Moxjar in Lithuania^ 
A ntw irruption of the Hayiamackt into the Ukraine i ana a fecund infuf' 
reHion of the peafants in thht country, To-ivn of Zwaniec plundkred ana 
humi iy the Turks. Several confederacies ftrvud in Lithuania. Strange 
eonduS of the confederates in that dutchy% thafe of Ocfxtnania inveft Prince 
Radzi*yil, and are themfePues furrounded and taken By the ttujjians. Mo* 
ttons of the Turks and Tartars. Manififtox dij^fid 3y the confederates* 
The Itujjians form lints upon the frontiers. 



GEN. Apraxin after this fcrvicc 
marched with all expedition 
to the iiege of Cracoiw, which was 
ftillclofely inTcfled bv the Gene- 
rals Bock and Chrefchetnichow. 
The confederates defended the 
place venr bravely, and made ft- 
vcral deiperat^ fallies; as provl- 
iions grew fcarce, they maimdd 
their ho^es, and turned them oot- 
fide of die gates, where they were 
(hot by the Ruffians; and their 
putrid carcaflet lying undjer the 
walls> in that hot leafon of the 
year, infe^ed the air, and added 
to the calamities of the befieged. 
There were a great number of Dif- 
fidents in the citjr, who were (hut 
up in tlie Jefuits content, and 
their wives in thst of the Nuns of 
St. Andrews their boufes, (hops, 
and magazines, were fealed ap, and 
the Marflial of the confederacy 
pofted centinels at them, to prevent 
rheir being plnildered. Prince 
Martin LuEomiriki, Chief of the 
confederacy of Slnock, being ap- 
prehenfive of the danger of conti- 
nuing longer in the tity« made a 
defperate effort, at the head of 800 
of his followers, to force his wav 
through the Ruffian lines, in which 
be fucceedcd, and got clear off*. 



with tlie Io(s of about half . 

his men. ^«- 3* 

At length' tfie Ruffians, after a 
bloody difpute, took a quarter of 
the city called the Cafimirs, and 
an entrenchment guarded by fe^en 
pieces of cannon. The confede- 
rates alfo burnt to the ground one 
of the fineft fubuf bs belonging to 
the city, becanfe it was ufeful to 
the Ruffians in their approaches, 
by whidi an immenfe lofs was 
fnftained, not only by the inha- 
biuntf, but by the merchants of 
other places, who had goods de- 
pofited there to a great amount. 
The befieged, however, finding 
their condition become every day 
more defperate, and no poffible 
hope of relief left, propofed to ca- 
pitulate, which was rerufed by the 
Kuflian Generals, wbofaid the£m« 
pi^fs cpold net grant a capitulation 
to j>erfoBS who had rebelled againft 
their King. This cruel declara- 
tion having drove the confederates 
to the tttmoft defpair, they prepared 
to defend thenuelves, as became 
men in their fitaation, to the lad 
extremity. 

The Ruffian army being 
ftrengtbened by the arrival of fc- 
vcraT confiderable bodies, an ex- 

preif 



HISTORY^OF EUROPE. 



[21 



pKfii arrived from Prince Re^nin to 
General Apraxin, vith oraers to - 
ftorm the place. The necei&ry dif- 
* pof tiom being accord* 

^* ^' ukgly made ; rfic aflanlt 
was begun at two o'clock in the 
morning » and laHed above lour ■ 
hours; -and to diiride the attention, 
and increafe the confafion of the 
befieged, two ^Ife attacks were 
made at the fame time. When the 
Rnffiass got to the foot of the wall; 
tbey blew open two of the gate9 
with petards, in order to let in the' 
cavalry; bat the befieged had ftopt 
ap the way, by planting che(b filled 
with Hones, and digging feveral 
deep ditches in the ilrects: not- 
withftanding all thefe difficulties, 
and the continual fire of the confe- 
derates, the Ruffians forced their 
way through them, and entered the 
town* 

They had no fooner got in, than 
the confederates made a terrible fire 
upon them from theadjacent houfek; 
and the prtefts were very active in 
encooraging the people to make a 
vigorous defence. Neverthe)el&,the 
Roffiaa ofikers and foldiers are 
faid to have committed no excefifes, 
chough they might have made a 
terrime daughter; but immediately 
publifiied, by found of trumpet, 
that all who would lay down theif 
arms (hould be pardioned. This 
had the defired dtt€t ; and moft of 
the principal Poles furiendered im-r 
mediately, and the people fbllow- 
iog their example, l^id down their 
arms ; a fmall party onl y of the mur 
tineers retired into the Jefuits 'Con- 
vent,and defended themmlves there, 
fothat the conquerors were obliged 
to uke the hitiniing by force. This 
event would have proved fatal to the 
IefuitS| if Pnnce Repnin had not 
be%fp gniatpd them a pardon, oi^ 



account of their prote£ling the Dif- ■ 
fidents againft the fury of the mu- 
tineers, even fo far as to give them 
money 'to fupport them under their 
mifcryj The Ms of the Ruffians* 
upon this occafion amounted to 
apout &te hundred men, and fome 
officers of note were wounded : the 
confederates, having expended all 
their baU, loaded their pieces fre- 
quently -with money, which they 
fired among the conquerors ; and 
this.new fpecies of ammunition is 
complained of as doing great mif- 
chief. Thenumber of confederates 
taken amounted to above three thou- 
iand; moft of them, fooii after, got 
their liberty, upon taking an oath«. 
and engaging in writing, not to en-, 
ter again into any confedemcy, but 
to continue faithful fubjefb to the 
Ring and to the Republic ; to re« 
turnquietly to their refpedive habi- 
tations, and to conform themfelves 
in every thing to the new toaftitu^ 
tions agreed upon in the lailDiet. 

This is the Ru^n account of the 
taking ,of Cracow I other accounts^ 
however, do iM acknowledge the 
moderation that is here faid to have 
been obferved upon that occafion | 
on the contrary, they reprefent the 
flaughter to have been very great | 
)ind fapr , that few of the Poles Scaped 
with life, who were in any of thofe 
hottfes from whence the firing was 
made in the ftreetsf During the 
fiege, the Ruffian detachments had . 
tho greateft fuccefs in all parts is 
routing and difperfing the different 
confederacies s andthe conftderatdi 
of Siradia, Zywiee, Peterkau, Si- 
ewics, and many othecs» had been 
totally difp^^ed* 

A confederacy had been formed 

at Goftin, by the Sieur Dzierza- 

nowiki, one 0^ the King's Chamber^* 

lains. Thi^ g^Qtlcman, who was 

[C 3l of 



zzj ANNUAL REGISTER,^17&8, 



of a diftinguiihecl family, but re- 
dttc«d in fortune^ had been an offi* 
cer ih the Spanifii ferviee in South 
Anmca. u^n heariftgi.that a na- 
tire was eleded King ofPoland* he 
conceived fuch joy at thatevent^ 
that he quitted the Spanifli fenrice^ 
and returned home, upon -which iht 
King made him one of his Cham* 
)[>erlain5. The pleafing ekpedattons 
vrhich he had formed, were probaN 
bly bat little anfWered by the pio*. 
tore which his country prcfented at 
his retarn. However it was» whe>* 
t^r from patriotifm orambicios^ or- 
thtaking the King ratrber enflaved 
than proleded by his Rufiisui allies, 
he now r^ifed troops agakft him, 
and betamic Marfiial of. a confede-t 
ittcy^'-lhis Gonfipderacy, ltke«the 
»(l, being fion difperfed, the King 
oifered a reward of zooo; asd Prince 
Repniii of iocx> dacats,' for t^Tr|^ 
him; and 'he was the 6rft Chief of 
the 'nu^ooMevts whs> hada "price 
fetupoh 3visJhead. ' 
' Kotwithfiandingthefe continued 
fntcd&s, the.erogbkifeetnedeyenir 
iaytQ4acireafe^ aMJithefareofthe 
cvoiitry exhibited ^rvei-y Ipeaacle; 
dreadful, fhockiag, or degrkding td 
iMtiian fiarure. The roads were 
r»«y where impaiTable,' beiftf Co* 
Vered with a* ruined, deflate; and 
armed feoplo. Thetmehies, wivich 
^otn the beginning had been- prac- 
f iftd on both fides, had o^inguifhed 
^l the Meetings of hnilianitys and 
*eded the heart ag&inA^irery tt^ 
lioii of cottipaffii « or ^lerCy. VH* 
bdm of all for W took advantage of 
-die ouWic calartitiWk;. and appeared 
in bodies armed, amif'they were 
flying parts of fomefuinedicorifedt^ 
racy 5 i/hd«r which fanai«tt they 
-fiommiued the mod barbarous bilt- 
-fages. Tiie fields were covered with 
tht %fibu4ei de^«. whofe bodies 



tunted the atf • andntuadethe c«iiiV' 
try. uiriiealthy and loathfeme. It 
was computed* thar by tbb time, ab^ 
bove fixty Rnffiin oiEcersy who had. 
been fent expre(s ae ^ourieri^ upon 
diiertnt occ^fions, had. been otiur^ 
dered upon the'roads. : Colptyeland 
Majtff de Golt2t» funs of dM cele* ^ 
brated Baron of that lUme,. and 
many other perTons of tbe ^r^di^t 
tinAiion^ olet with the fame nahap* 
py: fate* ; Whole diAriflbs ^wees' in 
many 1 parts enttreiy depopulated;: 
the people "faeb^ either cuLof, or/ 
4ffd tp remoie places. SdnseiGer*: 
niao officers, who had been to buy t 
hotcfes, : declared » that in a^ trad; of 
country > fix miles long byithirty, 
tj)ey:had nut uMfc a^ living Jiuman 
creature.... . ./,..' 

Every meeting of the N/ibiiity< 
was Mteuded with i4nddflied»^ aud 
the fabrc was the refult of all their 
debate. The Unmr£|]is chat, were 
iffuedlbr.a genetal Dietanfwered 
1^0. pnr|]!iifef moft of the Dieti«ea 
broke 1^ iit difofderythe Nobility 
nefaibd to attend them; aj&d' there 
v^r( but few Deputies eleSted. Tho 
1>ffideots were every where* "flun-* 
d«r^ and threatened witft greae 
crueity s and there was not a Prore^ 
taku gentleman in thci twt> provio* 
cet of Great or I^ittle Polajid, wKofa 
eftate was not pollaged, and his 
houfts burnt. Thofb in the towns, 
who were wcry immcrous, had^4m 
gfefiter fc€arity,.hut wecciiable to 
ev;ery fpecies of outrage ; and the 
moile unhappy the a&tira of the 
confederates grew, the greater w«re 
the icruel ties which they exerciM 
pfi thoTe unfertuoate peopOe^ as if 
they would retaliate on them 'all 
tht miferies that they fa ffo red; 

Theinfurre^tion in ^e Ukr^ne 

. was (cared y fuppreft, Mdien arjother 

Qf the iame uatore bivkcs out at 

Mozyr, 



• HISTORY OF EURIDJE.; [^3 

Mozyr, in Lit}uiinia» where the traordiaftr)r or' ooft nnaccounfeahle 
Greek pea&nts murdered a great jnoFementsofthchnmaiimiDd. Yet 
nnraber of geadeoien wkk their it was aader tiide circumAanesa* 
wives and children; and burnt and .when the two great confederacies 
^eftroyed a ereat part of the coiin^ were totally deftroyed, all the othejB 
try. The Haydamacks aUb made weakeiKd and- mined* the whole 
a fecond xrr option into the Ukraine, country oocupiod by Roi&an troop^^ 
where they burnt three towns, above aid the graiui array In fuU naroh 
fifty villajpfes, and maflacred scar tOH'ardsit, with thereoenttnui&c^- 
^oco pertons ; the greater part xs£ tiams of Cracow before their eyes ; 
chefe unhappy vidiins were Jews* that the nobles of Lithuania, bf 
moft of whom theyxhKUy burmt to ^foming three new confederacies* 
4ieath. ft was, prwabiy, this irrup* ehoie to encoontEor itngly all thofe 
aion of the Haydamacks, and per^ idan gers and troubles which they 
haps die return of fome of the fu- had . been hitherto witnefles of. 
^ti ves, who had before q uit tecf the Thefe confederacies were ver^r.coii- 
country, that excited another infar- iiderable, as well from ihe qaaUtf fts 
^e€don among the peaiiants of the ,the number pfthe per fona who cosh 
4LJkrahie, who in the latter end of pofed them, inibmuch that Prince 
Au^ufl rofe in great numbers, and KadzivU* evena^xheir £rft appear*'* 
again renewed all thofe barbarities aace, war afraid they would have 
for which they had beep ib lately carried off 5 ^ 6000 foldierA which 
chaftiied. Si'he Chiefs of the con- he kept in his oWn pay* though he 
federates a^ fiar, being kindly had two fortiied towns to cortr 
created in Moldavia and Walla- them. - 

chia, were jouied by great numbers . The cottdnfl of the Porte^ and 

<of their adheceots* and began, aow the protection and flielter afibrded 

to make freqoeat excurtions acrois by it to the confederates, could not 

the Neifter; fo that-Count Barnic- but be farming to the Euffiam; 

ki, who commanded a coniidcrabk but whatever jcalou^ they encer- 

iKody of Croww troops in thofe .taioed on this head, werecarcAiUj 

-parts, found more es»ployment than kept froa. the public notice in P#«- 

lie was equal to, in endeavouring to land*where theie.circumflances were 

ibpprefs the pttiants, and to repel attributed to the partiality of the 

the incnrfions of the Cxmfederates -Baduof ChoG;sim. The Turks had 

• atfd Ha)^roacka. ' hitherto refrained fri>m committing 

The Grand Dutchy of Lithuania, jupy kind (of excefs upon the bor^ 

'having been kept in qaiet throng ders; but in the interval between 

the influence of Prince Radaivil, the inecal of thait is^toi and the 

had tttherto eicaped the calami- foming of a «ew iOne, a number pf 

ties which wafled the reft of the oa- > them went to the fair of Zwankc* 

tioQ. The happy eie£ts of this con- a Polifl^ town upon <he frontiers* 

dud were now fo vifible, and the where a qmvrel happened between 

prefent ficuation of aifairs made any them and the inhabicants* who i^« 

> deviation from it fo u(ele(s vid dan- fembled to driye them out of the 

genons, that a confederacy there town ; b«t the former being fnp- 

can oqIv be attributed to a blind ported by frefhtuunbers of their ftl- 

< fatality';, or to pue of the m^ ex* Jows^whp through defign or c)xance 

[C 4] camiP 



14] ANNUAL REGISTER, jy68. 

oune to the fair ; tkev killed feveral turning fome prifoners they Kid 

of the iiihabiuiitt,piluged the town, takenlrom the Rnfliansy retired isto 

and then reduced it to aflies. Brandenbargh Prnflia. The confe* 

The new Baflu having arrived derates of Prazaw» though unfuc- 

it Choczim, was watted apon by ceisful» (hewed more vig ur, and bad 

Sent 8 ^^^'^^ ^^.i^cki, who made a very iharp encounter with the RuA* 

^P • r: ji complaint of the vi#- fians» in which they were however 

lences committed at Zwaniec, and defeated, with the lofs of a great 

^manded reftitution. This was in number of men, eight pieces of 

part granted, the effeds that were cannon, and all their oaggage. 
ftolen upon that occasion being re* The confederates of CX:(zmania 

ftored; and feveral of the Turks, were ftill coniiderable, when they 

who had committed the outrage, formed one of thofe ftrange defigns 

thrown into irons. In refpe^ tp which may excite curiofity, but can 

other matters, the Balha expreffed never be accounted for, and in pur- 

in general terms a defire to pre- fnancepffrhichthev were taken like 

finrve a eood underftanding with wild b^fts in a toil, and their con* 

the Republic of Poland; but faid, federacy annihilated in a moment, 

that as he did not chufe tb interfere The fcheme laid, was either to fur- 

in the difputes that difbaded that prize or force Prinze Radaivil, who 

country, he would not turn out of was guarded in his fiartilied capital 

the Turkiih territories the' oonfe- by a body of his own forces^ equal 

derates who have fled there for pro* or fuperior to theirs i |n4 was pro- 

t#dion. It was at the fame time ob- teded by a con&der Ae bod v of 

ferved, that he received the Chieft kuflians nnder General Ifm?iclow, 

of the confederacy of the Bar with who were polled within two leagues 

great diftinAson. of hio). To execute this de^gn. 

Several larffe detachments of above three thoufand of q^ ^^ 

Ra£an troops had been fent to Li- the confederates marched ^^* 

thuania, where the definis of the to Niefwifz, the Prince's refidencc^ 

confederates werefo iil-rormed, and and peremptorily demanded that he 

f(>miferabIyfopportiMl,thatit wou^d fhould either enter into their confe^ 

appear as if they had confederated deracy, or deliver up his troops, ar- 

from no other motive than to ruin tillcry, and ammunition. The Prince 

the country, and to deiboy them- abfolutely refufed to comply with 

felves. The firft divifibn of Kuffan any of thefe demands, and the de^ 

^ t9tMfps ddfeated and dif- bate continued fo long, that while 

^ '^' peHed a large body of they invefte4 the town, they were 

thefe confederates with mat eafe, fo effeftually furrounded by the 

between Xnren and VUpomieis, Ruffians, that not a man tf them 

where they killed about two hun- could efeape. In this lituation 

dredofthem,and took as many pri- they o6fered to reaoonce the con- 

foners.TheconfederaciesofKDWtto federacy, on having liberty to 

and Wilkomi^, which were the retire; but this being refufed by 

hxtt that were formed, and who (tt the Ruffian General, they appUed to 

the example to the reil, broke up of Prince Radzivil to intercede in their 

Hiemfelves without receiving a favour. The Prince ace rdingly 

blow; ani their Chiefs, after re- difpatched ^ courier to Warfaw, 

with 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[25 



widi a letter to Prioce Rep&m in 
dieir behalf, at whofe return, apon 
tkeir deliveHng up their arms and 
«mBMtnition» and engaging not to 
eater into any future confederacy, 
chey were permit^ to depart. 

Th- defigns of the Porte beitig 
now become apparent, great bodies 
of the RsiBan troops began to £le 
tkff' towards the frontiers of Turlcy, 
while new ones arrived ercry day 
in the kingdom. Prince Martin 
Laboffliriky*who with his adherents 
had for a long time found (belter in 
the raonncains that border on Hun- 
gary, and from whence they did 
great mifchief, found means now to 
get a manifefto pofted up againft the 
<,^ churches of Cracow, and 

^^^- "• fome other places, in 
which he invited the nation to, a 
generslrevoh; andafibredthemof 
the afiftance and protedion of the 
Porte» in virtue of a treaty which he 
MsteiMied tohaveconcludedfor that 
^i^7»ofe. It was alfo faid, that the 
confederates of Bar, to intereft the 
Grand Signior the more (Irongly in 
cheir favour* offered to refign the 
provinces of Podolia and Volhinia 
uito his hands, and to become his 
fobje^ upon the fame terms that 
are eranted to the inhabitants of 
Moldavia, and fome other provinces 
of his empire. They alfo publifhed 
manifeftos, and had them difperfed 
throughout the kingdom, wherein 
they denied all allefiance to the 
lUmg, declared his ele6lion illegal ; 
and were filled with the bittefcft 
inve^ves ae^inft the Ruffians. 

Large bo£es of Tartars now ap- 
pearea upon the frontien; and a 
coofiderable Turkiih army was af^- 
fanbled between Choczim, Bender, 
and Oczakow. The Ruffians alfo 
formed a line of troops along the 
T *itkiih frontien of Poland^ as well 



as their own country; General Ro- 
roanssoixi; had the command of tha 
grand army, which was to a^ of- 
fenfively, stffigned to him ; and Ge* 
neralSoltikow, that on the frontien 
of Poland. The feafOh was too £tr 
ad/ano d for any military operation 
of confequence to take place before 
the fpring ; nor were either of the 
great powers as yet thoroughly 
prepared for fuch an underuking« 
1'he Tartan, as well as the confe* 
derates in Moldavia, who now 
amounted to eight thooiand men» 
attempted fome excnrfions acroik 
the Neider ; but they were attended 
with little fucceG^ and they wer^ 
generally obliged to retire with 
precipitation.. 

Th6 winter Jioweyer,afbrded but 
Httle repofe tathe unhappy country 
of Poland; where, upon the depar* 
ture of the Ruffian troops to the 
frontiers, the remains of th^ d3fing 
. confederacies again lifted up their 
heads, and immediately refumed 
all their wonted licentiouQieia. The 
province of Great Poland was par* 
ticularly haraCed, whereMalaczew- 
iki, being appointed Marflial of a 
new confederacy formed at Kalifch* 
became infamous fc»r the great mif* 
chiefs he occafioned, and for the 
horrible cruelties which he com« 
mitted upon the Diffidents. 

' No confederacy had been formed 
during thefe troubles in Polifh Pruf* 
fia; yet they were fubjed to occa-- 
£onaj inroads of the confederates, 
whq fomttimes did much miichief. 
A party of five hundred horfe now 
appeared between Thorn andGran* 
dents, who ftopt and unloaded fome 
of the corn veffels on the Viilula ; 
and threatened the villages feverely^ 
if they did not fumifh them with 
men, arms, and money. A confi. 
derable party of confederates. 

i^^Oantiog 



»6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 176B. 



amOQitttng to aisfowt three tkonCsLTid, 
•arrkd ^. ths tribuaal at 6rom^ 
berg; afterirhidi^ they comihitted 
great depredations along the banics 
iM the Warcar; bat M^re, at lift, 
^deaced by Colonel de Bock, with 
0&ly five hundred CofiaclcA^ The 
Gangdom in genend (aSercd a pro- 
4iigioas depopalation; exclufive of 
the hlvock niade by the fword and 
its attendants* the neafaots in ^reat 
AQmbei36.x)iiitted their habitations, 
«Dd either fldd the country, or 
foumd robbers, and did more mif- 
cbtef by ftaytog in it. . Qreat num* 
ben €f people of rank fled from all 
fKurts of the l^ingdoai for refuge to 
jihc neighbouring countries; the 
city of Koninfberg and its environs 
nfi% fo crowded withPolifti ladies^ 
And other r^agses, that, though a 
ipital^ it could iio( provide lodg^ 



ingsibr them; Vid mxmbers were 
obliged to go to remote places ift 
the cosntry for accommodation. 

It may,, perhaps, be, worth obier*- 
vation, that the RnfTmns have takes 
all Prince Radzivil's uoops, coa^ 
fiiltng of five or fix tiuniflind men, 
into their fervice; except about 
two hundred,wbom they haveleft as 
a enird to h)s.perfou« Tiiey have 
alto placed garrifons of their own 
troops in his two fortreiles of Nied 
vies and Sluck, Whether this his 
had any dflfed upon that Prince'is 
fubfequent condud, time moft de^- 
tei»mine : b«t it is certain^ thath^ 
immediately retired to one of hi^ 
country feats, where hei has evc^ 
^rnce reAded; and though his Ipng 
abfeace from court occasioned much 
fpeculation, he has not yetigone 
there. 



€ H A P. V. 

: * • ■ • • .1 

^uffUt. Dedmratisn on the nvar tkfhb Turky* Preparathns fir it, JJveiH 

* tunr Stethim: Grtat hrtntery rf tbi Montenerhu t are at length defeated 

by the Turks, Ccndu^ of the Porte ivitb reJpeS to PoUnd, Affair at 

Malta, Ne'w l^itur appointed, Ruffian Refident fummotud to the DiiHut % 

, /enteral eartitUs- fropo/ed to him ; is feni to the Caftle of the Sttfen Towers* 

. Turkrfif mamfejh* i^afl preparations for the ivar, M. Ohftfcona^ the 

r RufftoM minifiert is removed fri^m the Caftle of the SenJen Towers to the 

Keeper* t boujef thfeagh the intervention ef the ^nglifo Ambaffador, 



-^pHE affiiirs of Ruffia liave been 
JL of late fo intimately blended 
with thofe of Poland, chat little re- 
mains to be noticed in our accounts 
of the one, that has not already oc- 
tnrrcd in thofe which we have given 
pf the otlier. We have before ob- 
'fcrved,»hftt the courrof Peterlburgh 
.was not dcfirous of entering into 
.the war with Turky,if thatmcjfurc 
. could have been avoided without 
the. giving up of a very favourite 
, fyftem with rcfpeft to Poland. Iw 

3 



the declaration made by this court 
to the other ChrilUan powers, upon 
the arreft of its minifter at Conftan- 
tinople, great complaints are made 
of the common enemies of both em- 
pires, who blackened at the Otto- 
man Porte all the actions of her Im- 
perial Majefty, and fowed the fee^s 
of difcord there by the moft falfe im- 
putations. Tothefe incendiaries,and 
tothefuccef^oftheirimpofitionsupQn 
the Turkilh nation, it attributes that 
rpirit of difcontent which found its 

\>ay 



HISTORY OF EUROPE: 



r^7^ 



wpftYtn into the SeragHo, wl^ch 
occa£oiied the late change of the 
minifby at Conilantinople> the ^r- . 
xdi of the Ruffian Refident, and all 
the fohfeqaent confei^uences. The 
dedaratipn concludes with an ap- 
peal to ail the Chridian powers, in 
regard to the tiuegrityaaa juftice of. 
the Enpreis's condua, ar^d ei^pec-, 
txtipii of the }aii affiftaace of her 
friends, and of the good wilhe^ of 
jlU Chriftendom. Oar re«ider$ will 
fee this declaration, as well as the 
n^amfedo publilhed at Coaftanti* 
Dople, in the Sti^te Papers of this 
Toloxne. 

By the latter part of this decla- 
ration it appears, th^t the Emprefs 
intends to call upon thofe powers in 
alliance with her, for fu^h aifi(U&ce 
a» they are obliged by treaty to 
fomiOi; a circamftanc^e whic(i may 
not be without it$ in^ onvenienci^ 
tp (bnve of chem. Upon the firft 
i^coants received at Peterfburgh of 
the arreft of M. Obrefcow. and of 
the fubfeouept proceedings at the 
--^ Porte I an ordinance was 

^' *'• iflbed, that (^^ jf^n in 
every throe hundred thrpt^j^hout the 
whole empire (hoolid be furniihed. 
to complete the armies. Soon af* 
terwgrds aXpcond ordinance was if-^ 
fined f that one man in every hun- 
dred and $fty (hould be fupplied^ 
It wa< fuppofed. from the.Uteil 
calculations that had been made of 
the number of inhabitants in the 
empire, that 50.000 recruits wonld 
be fomiihed in confequence of the 
^ter order, who were iipmediiitely 
to be fent to join the regiments that 
^e to make the fird campaign. 
This political eilimate mull be er- 
roneous, or it mud (hew. that the 
late ;^ccounts of the populoufnefs 
pf the Ruffian territories have been 
extremely exaggerated. If thcfe 
^q.ooo are fuppofed to be only th^ 



I $oth part of tho&. that tat ahl^ to 
bear arms* it will.- with the vfnal^ 
allowance for old mea. women, and' 
children, reprefent the degree of' 
population ia this "empire at a 
height that is not warvaftted by ike 
bed accounts of the coimtry. any 
more than it is by former caleulfi- 
tioos. On the contrary^ xi this tinin- 
ber contains the fame proportion' of 
the whole inhabitants, then the total' 
number ia the Ro|Kaii:'dominionsy 
will not amount to more than feven' 
miUions and a half. This is ^ro« 
bably much below the truth. 

The adventurer Stephaiio, at the 
head of the tebellioa» Mbntene- 
rina.-of whom.we roofc notice ihour 
lad volume, has this year been very 
troubkfome to the Portt f and tbe(e 
mountaineers in maqy fev^e (kir^ 
midies have behaved with great 
fiercenefs and courage. The Ve- 
netians were alfo obliged M drsfw 
lines to cover their frontiers in D^U 
matia, and were very un^afy about 
the confequences. as the TurlciHi 
Generals; furprifed at the refillpnce 
they met with, began to charge 
tfhem with privately fuppdtting th^ 
rebels- At length the Bartta of B0I- 
nia, being joined by the Bey of Ro- 
nelia. and fome other Governors of 
tlieneighbouring provinces, farme4 
an army of near 50,000 men, with 
which he attack^ a for • « 
tificauon built on a high ^^P^l» 
rock, which belonged to the Moar 
tenerins, and which they defended 
with great bravery for three days, 
againd the repeated afiaults of thcif^ 
enemies, and was at lad carried by 
dorm, with a ^reat daughter on both 
fides. The Turks then atracked a 
monadery, fituatr among very hi^h 
rocks, where Stephano and th# 
main body, amounting to 10,000. 
Greek and Catholic Chridians, lay. 
Here the engagement was renewed 

with 



%8l ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 

ivitk ffreat ^ry, and theMontene- the foat of the hills, ahd fnaflii« 

ftna tor a long time withftood and cring a great number of the inha- 

repcHed the moft defperate attacks biunts, without diftinftidn of age 

df their enemies, who, by their own or fcx. It happened fortunately 

accoants, loft a multitude itf men. for the Montenerins, and probably, 

Nambers and faperior discipline at faved them firom total deftruAion, 

length triiftmpheid over an oolUnate that the PoHIh affiairs became fo 

cooraj^e, and the advantages of' incereding as to interfere, and take 

fituation; the Turks took the mo— olf the edge of the Torkifh re- 

na/lery, and made a cruel daughter fentment againft them. The^f^e * 

oftberebeb. bein^ accordingly on willing to 

(Jothkig can pvt the bsavery of have &nf part of its attention dt- 

thefe poor people in a more con- verted, by the rebellion of a fcw^ 

{ptcuoua point of view,^ than the miferable mountaineers, theBafiur' 

high encomiums which the Turkifli patched up a kind of treaty with 

General paid to the behaviour of them ; by which, on cor\dition 6f 

his own troops» and the great ho- acknowledging themielves vafials 

soar he &id they acanired in thofe to the Grand Signior, they were 

engagements ; at tne fame time, fecured in tlie poiTeflton of their 

he candidly confeffed, that Ste- country and lands, and the Otto- 

phano and his adherents had be- man Army inarched towards the 

naved with the ereateft refolution. borders orthe Danube. Stephano, 

The favage trophies of this viAory immediately npon their departure, 

were, in the barbarous manner of defcended from his faHndfes, and^ 

the Turks, fent to Conftantinoplc» has iince appeared as- publicly as 

where tkey were exhibited with ever, while the number and attach- 

great parade to the people. Thefe ment of his adherents is faid to in« 

trophies coniifted of twenty-one of creafe daily* 

the heads of the principal rebels. There can be no doubt, but that 

and a great quantity of nofes and Poland has been the principal, or,' 

cars, which the unfortunate pri- comparatively fpeaking, the only 

foners who had been taken were obje^ that has in a grert meafure 

deprived of ; to. thefe were added engaged the attention of the Porte 

two banners pf a golden crofs, and for l(ome time paft. We accordinehT 

foime other ornaments belonging to find, that It' has nuule numberlefi' 

the monadery, and feveral prayer reprefentations on the Interference 

bodks. of the Ruffians, and the continu- 

The adventurer Stephano, who' ance of their troops in that coun- 

did not by his condnd difgrace the try. The mode generally obferved 

choice ofthofe whom he command- in the anfwer was, to reprefent 

cd, had the good fortune to ef- the troops, which the court . of 

cape from this bloody coniii£^, Peterlburgh had upon that fervice, 

and retired witV the remainder of as only a handful of men, who 

his adherenu to the inacceflible had no artillery, were not even 

parts of the mountains. Which commanded by a Ruflian General, 

were in the mean time furrounded and were fent at the particular re- 

by the Turks, who carried on a queftof the Republic, and entirely 

cruel war, burning and deftroying under its dire^ion, to preferve 

the \illages in the valJies, and at peace and qrddr among t\\e inha* 

bitants 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[29 



iiouits for a little time* till thdbr 
<iomeAic troubles were compofed. 
It alfo appears, that» upon repeated 
applications of this nature, fre- 
quent promifes were made, that the 
Attfian troops (hoold be entirely 
and immediately withdrawn frpm 
that country. 

In this fituation were affabrs, till 
the late bloody hodilities were 
commenced between the Ruffians 
and the confederates ; in which 
the latter being generally over- 
powered and dofely purfued, were 
trequemly obliged to fly for (belter 
and prote^on into the Turkiflt 
teititories. The Ruffian officers 
could, npt s|lways, upon thefe occa- 
iions, * preferve a UriCt attention to 
the boundaries of the two nations ; 
Bat fometimes purfued the fugi- 
tives beyond the limits^ and wreak- 
ed their vengeance qa them« 
though under the Turiciih protec- 
tion. Complaints being however 
tuade 0f thefe violations of ter- 
ritory and good neighbourhood* 
proper fatisfadlion was given; Co- 
lonel Weifman, as we have al- 
ready obferved, was put under ar- 
raft ; and fome Coflacks and other 
irregulare, who were charged with 
txcSSts, were hanged on the fron- 
tien. 

At length, a coniiderable body of 
Rnfiam troops purfued a party of 
the confederates, who fled for re- 

- • - , fi^g^ ^o ^^c ^^ww of Balta 
J^^*- in the Lefler Tartary, 
which the Ruflians attacked and 
took fword in hand, and maflacred 
indifciminately Turks, Tartars, 
and whoever came in their wa^, to 
the number, the manifeflo publiflied 
at Conftantinople fays, bf a thoufand 
men, .yfpmeci, and ohUdren, This 
fad is however tofaMv denied by 
the Rufliaqs, with cefpeft Xfi them-j 



£dve$, who fay that the outrages, 
and pillage at Balta were commit- 
ted by the Haydamacks.- On the 
other hand, the Turks obferve, that 
the troops who t*ok Balta had a 
train of artilllBry,, and that it is ho^ 
torious that the Haydamacks never 
madeufe of any. 

It is probable that the Porte, be- 
ing already detevmined on a war, 
reprefented the aflair at Balta in 
the moft aggravating colours, on 
purpofe to excite the indignation 
of the people, and to difpde them 
to that event* - It may alio be ea- 
(ily fuppofed, that fome of the 
Ruffian uregola*^, coniidering the 
nature anddifpofition of thofe peo- 
ple, might, without the knowledge 
of any oflkers of high rank, much 
lefs the confent of that court, have 
readily joined in a fcheme of rapine 
and pillage with the Haydamacks, 
or any otlier of the lawlefs tribes 
who infeft thoie countries. 

However it was, the news of fo 
much Moflulman blood being flied 
BO fooner arrived at Cooftantino- 
pie, than it caufed a prodigious 
ferment, and every thing from 
thence bore the appeamnce of war. 
Orders were difpatched to the Ba- 
(has of Bofnia, Romelia, and other 
governors of the European provin^ 
ces, to collet their troop, and 
march them towards the Niefter ; 
feveral other more diflant chiefs 
had orders to fnroilh their contin- 
gents, and the commanders of ir* 
regular troops to raife feveral 
thoufand volunteers;. Large bo-* 
dies of Janizaries and other forces, 
and great quantities of proviflons 
and military (lores, were daily 
fiiipt off for the port of Varna on 
the Black Sea; the DgebeUi Tima- 
riots, who hold their A^^ wiih^ 
out being obliged to penonal fer-* 

vice. 



30] ANNUAL RfiGTSTfiR, if6t 



vice, ii^tt-e ordered to fend their 
fubftitutes. This hody, which cen- 
fifts entirdy of cayalr/, h computed 
at 6000 men., 

While thiiifs^ Were in thi^fitaa- 
tloh, the Grand Yizit, being of a 
pacific difpofition', and it is faid 
aiverfe to the war, was depofed,, 
and Seli^ar Hanfzey Pacha ap- 
pointed. This Change in the ad- 
miniftration, which from the be- 
ginning left litde room to doubt of 
a war, foon gave convincing proofs 
of it. Jn a Tew days after the ar- 
Qo ^ tival of the new Vizir, a 
• ^^ grand ccfuncil was held, 
ifwhieh affifted all the gi^t offi- 
cers and mintftert of ftate, and ^c 
officer^ of the nrilitia ; M. Obref- 
cow, the Raffian Refident, was 
alfo invited to attend. • The an- 
diehcewas given contrary to the 
nfval cttlVom with Open doors,' and 
in the prefence of above 600 per- 
fons. The intention df the Porte,' 
fn thus making their prOceedirtes 
public, was to convince the people 
of the juiHce of their caufe, if the 
Refident refnfed to agree to the 
articles which -were intended to be 
propofed to him. 

The conference was ftiort, but 
vcivy animated. Some -ammad* 
yerfions iJdrtg 4rik mad. on the 
afBiir at Balta, the Refident wa» 
aOced, witen the- Ruffian troops 
would depart , fi»on* Polaiidj'^ahd 
what obje^ they had in view in 
continuing th^re f to which] Hid 
kefident replied, that the Riifllan 
troops wdu'ld pot qui^ Poland, -till 
all the Pbl^ had fobmitted to their 
King. It was 'then finally de- 
j^ahded. whether, according to the 
treaties DCtwcen the two empires, 
the courtk^ Ruffia would refrain 
fVom iW^peririg, under ^tty pre- 
tence ^ 'gutrantee or promife, in 



the hf&irs ef that country. It wj^ 
alfo required of him to fign arti- 
cles to that purpdfe immediateFyi 
as well as for the fpecdy witfc^ 
drawing of the Ruffian troops } 
and that the allies of his court 
fhould guaradtee the j^rformance 
of thefe articles. To thcfc extra* 
ordinary prbpofltions M. Obref- 
cow anfwered, that his powers 
were limited, and that he could 
give no anfwer upon tKcfe headsj 
which were flitters that lay only 
in the breaft of his Sovereign. The 
repoet of this conference beinfi; njide 
to the Grknd 'Signior, he imine* 
diately ordered the Ruffian Minifler 
to be fent pHfor^er to the CaiUe of 
the Seven Towers; to which place 
he was direftly cdndu^W, toj^c^thei* 
with his fecretary, three of fis in*» 
terpreters, and feteral more of his 
domeftic#. 

• This barbarous and unjuil liie»- 
fhod, of c<)'nfining the ReMenft of 
thofe powers with whoth thejr 
break, U peculiair tq the Turfcsj 
who keep ao Ambaffaders at Ckrif^ 
tian courtSi and regard the fiuro^ 
pean Minifters as little mott thaA 
Confnls, who fuperintend the trad^ 
of their refpeftive countries. In 
fonAer days, the ChriftiaB Mini-^ 
flers^ who have had the misfortune 
of being confined upon 'thefe oc- 
caiions, have been treated with 
great cruehy and indignity, which 
however has not been the cafe o^ 
late years. 

As this aA of hoflility is always 
tegarded as eqaii^lent 40 a decla-!> 
ration of war 9 fo now the whel4 
empire feemed to be in motion i 
ana another' greal Council wx ^ 
having been held a fevif ^^^' ^* 
days after, the war was announced 
kk Ibrm to all the orders of thd 
ftfttOv • As the Tartars^ from Ihei/ 

fituation^ 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



bi 



fituatiOh, lauft be of confiderabld 
importance, and bear a greac fhare 
in this war» tkc Saltan thought 
proper to re-eltabli(b Crim Gue- 
njt then late Chan, in that digni- 
ty. This prince, being according- 
ly fent for to Conftantmople ijpom 
his country houfe, Wti received 
with great diftin^lion, and loaded 
with rich prefents by the Sultan, 
wkofe example was followed by 
the Vizir anA all the great officers 
of flate ; andliis foil was appointed 
a Serafltier, or Commander of 
50,000 mea* The new Grand* 
Viair had enjoyed his dignity only 
a very fman time when he.refigned 
it, as was faid^ on accouAt of his 
l»d flaie of health ; whether thatr 
was the real caafe or no, he retired 
withoat any marks of diilike or 
dif grace, and was fncceeded by 
Mahemec fimin Pacha, the Kai- 
BachaQ,. or Grand Vizir's vice- 
gerent ; a man faid to hare parts, 
and to be of aa enterprizing and 
ambitions ^rit/ 

Soon afterwards the Reis EiFen- 
di, or Great 'Chancellor, commn^ 
^^^ nicated to the foreign 

^- ^^- Minifters. to be tranf- 
ttitted to their refpe^ive conrts, 
a manifefto containing the caufes 
which infloenced the Porte to en^ 
cer into a war with Rui&ft. This 
manifefto, which turns almoft fole* 
ly upon the conduct of the Rnf-* 
&m in Poland, calls in queflion 
the eleflion of the Kin?, \Vhom it 
^etends they had made 1>/ iorce 
and violence, contrary t6 the in- 
clinations of the people, and the 
{€n£e of the Republic. That, in 
iapport of this violent meafurei, 
thetr arm if s had • ever fince con- 
mucd *to over-riAi that country : 
that they deprived the people wh6 
iiad a fvec eight to eleA their own 



King, of their cftates real and per- 
foival, and took away their lives, 
becaafe they wonid not fubmit to' 
a pcrfon whom they had not defied 
aS their King ; and that the Sob- 
lim* Porte, out of friendfhlp to 
Rnffia, arid an nnWillingnefs to pro- 
ceed to extremities, had difgnifed 
her griefs, and deferred her refcnt-^ 
ment, for three years pad. Th^ 
manifefto mentions the arrd of the 
Rudian Refident, and feems to in- 
finuate afn apology for that modd 
of adling, by faying, ' that accord- 
ing to the ancient -etionette of thtf 
Sublime Porte, the laid Refident 
mud remain in the Caftle of the 
Seven Towers.' 

The manifefto in kfelf is only s 
loofe, vagoe compoittion, the rea« 
foning confufed, and the charged 
ilot properly proved. It fets forth, 
as an inflance of the unfttnefs of 
the prefent King, that he is not of 
a Royal family, which the Port^ 
muft well know to have been th# 
cafe of many Kii^gs of Poland, and 
that fome of the greateft Princei 
that ever filled the Throne werd 
called to it from a private ftation. 
It alfo feems late, as well as ftrange, 
to difpute the validity of an elec'* 
tion at the end of four years, with«i 
out the having made any dedara** 
tion againft it in all that time, or 
the giving any tefHmony that the 
perfon clewed was not acknow-^ 
ledged as King.'' * ■ 

In the mean time the "pfepara^ 
tions for war were Carried on with 
the greateft ardo«r imaginable, 
and rach vigoar and expeditixm 
(hewn, that a letter frbm Qohftan* 
tinopJe f^ys, * More provi^on has 
been ma^e here ,for war in eight 
darysv then would ht^6 been done 
in any other nation in Eutope th 
as many months.' Above 366 

letters 



$z] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



letter^ were difpatched in fix days 
to diflTerent parts of the empire, 
to order the neceflary preparations 
to be made for the forming of a 
prodieious army early in the Iprirtg. 
The Grand Signior himfelf, fome- 
tim^ in difguife, and fometimes' 
pablicly. examined clofely into 
the ftate and cofid«£t of the army> 
and was a minate enquirer into 
every tl;ing that had uny relation 
to the miliury department. Tiiis 
prince frequently attended to the 
cxercifes of his matrofTes, who 
fprnng feveral nrines before him. 
with which he feemed moch pleafed ; 
and his whole condud not only tef- 
fified his dciire to acquire milita- 
ry knowiedffe, but alio how deep- 
ly his mind was engaged in the 
event. 

The news of war» which in mod 
other countries caofes fome alarm » 
had a very different effe^ upon 
the MafTulmen. who in mod parts 
of this empire received it with the 
highed demonftrations of joy. The 
commanders and principal offi- 
cers of the different corps, vied 
with the greatcd emulation » and 
fpared no expence in endeavour- 
ing CO procure the Ened aud mod 
codly 6eld equipages, (o chat no- 
thing could be more fplcndid than 
their appearance. In the Adatic 
provinces efpecially, this magnifi- 
^nce and dcdrc .of diew and pa- 
rade was carried to the highdl ex* 
;treme: the tents of the grandees 
were of gold or iilver duds ; their 
dandards fattio, richly ornamented; 
and all their arms' inounted with 
iilver. Thcv carried with them 
large ^ms of money, which many 
cf them were obliged to borrow 
tijl the end of the campaign ; and 
their tents were filled with their 
t^chwd and mnll valuable effefls. 



If this brings to view the andient 
magnificence of the Eadern armies*, 
it alfo reminds us of their inefficacy. 
when oppofed only to handfnls of 
men covered with rufty iron, but 
whofe minds and bodies were tem- 
pered to the hardnefs of the armour 
which they wore. 

A prodigious park of artillerjr 
was formed, condding, it is faid. of 
600 pieces of heavy cannon ; and 
the Grand Signior*« tents and field 
equipage were preparA ; fo that it 
was fuppofed he would make the 
campaign in companv with the 
Vizir. Notice was given to the 
Chancery of State, the Department 
of the Finances, and feveral other 
of the public offices, that they 
fiiould be ready to follow the 
Grand Vizir to the army in the 
fpring. and that they ftould carry 
all the date papers from the begin*, 
ning of the prefent century witk 
them* The officers of the Depart- 
ment of foreign afiairs alfo received 
the fame orders, moch to the dif« 
fatisfa^ion of the foreign miniders. 
to whom it will be very tronble- 
fome. 

Great bodies of the Adatic 

troops were continually wafted 

over to the European fide of the 

ilellefpont; but the great diforders 

they committed, in their march 

through the fuburbs of Coodanti^ 

nople. occadoned an order by 

which they were latterly obliged 

to take d)ipping at the Dama^ 

nelld, from whence they were 

uan^ported by the Black iea to 

Gal li poly. The Sultan feemed 

very deftrous to introduce a more 

rigorous form of didsipline among 

the troops. To this pnrpofet 

every corps of the army was 

obliged to encamp regularly, and 

Uv in their tents; and no officer 

of 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[33 



|bf <^baterer nnk, was allowed to 
iodge in a houie during any part 
of the march. He alfo made 
taiany regulations to prevent the 
diforders* to which that country, 
from its pecu iar form of govern- 
meat, u Kable in time of war. 
Amongil the reft» wine was forbid 
aadcr the fevereft penalties; and 
aH thofe who were polfeffed of 
any quantities of it were obliged 
to ftave it» or elfe to fend it out 
of the coantry in a limited time, 
tm pain of con£fcation» and an 
arbitrary fine being impeded on 
them. Being donbtfol of the fi- 
delity of the Greeks, the Chrtiti- 
am throaghoot the empire were 
Qfdered to deliver np all their 
arms, except the Greek and Ar- 
BWttiaa merchants, who were al- 
lowed to keep fach as were ne- 
celaxy for defence in their jour- 
nies. Thb order was received 
with grrat relufbince; and, except 
Aear the capital, and in places 
where a military force comma ided 
immediate awe, icems to have 
been but little complied with; 
the C^hriftians of the Morea, in 
particnlar, and of fe eral of the 
iflands, in the Archiptiago, abfo- 
Intciy refofed to part with their 
arms» and (pme blood was (hed 
in difFerent places upon that ac- 
count. 

The Sultan demanded a contri- 
bution of 6^0.000 piafters from 
the Jews, Greeksj and Armeni- 
ans, who dwek in the capit4}» 
which they readily paid; and jie 
Bfomifed that no other demand 
mould be made upon them during 
the war. When we confidcr the 
violent in^uence that religioos 
preiudiccj have upon the Turks, 
and reflet that almoft all the 
trade and the money tranfaAipns 

Vol. XI. 



of that great city are carried on 
and negociated by thofe people, 
we are at a lofs which to admire 
moft« the moderation of the origi- 
nal demand, or the lenity tnat 
granted the future indemnity. 
A prodigious fum of money, if 
we can believe the accounts, 
20,000,000 piafters, was allotted 
to accelerate and carry into exe- 
cntioB, the neceflary preparations 
for the firft campaign only; and 
it was faid 2CO,ooo men were de- 
figned for that fervice, exclufive 
of the Tartars. All the different 
bodies of troops, a« they arrived, 
were fent off towards the Da« 
nube; which, as it was too late 
for any fervice before the fprin^, 
and the conflitutions of the Au- 
atics in particular were very unfit 
to bear the rigour of the winter 
in that climate, does not feem at 
firft fight to be the refult of the 
beft policy. It is probaMe that 
the rorte was appreh^nlivr, that 
the Ruffians might have made 
fome extraordinary efforts in the 
winter, and that they did not 
chufe to keep a multitude of troops 
of difFerent nations too near the 
capital. 

Nocwithftanding the meafnres 
that were taken to preferve order 
and quier, yet fuch are the bad 
effects of the Tnrkifii policy, that 
the ffreets of Conftantinople were 
conlWintly croVirded with armed 
men, who made it v^v dangerous 
to the natives as well as to fo- 
reigners* It is a part of the Ot- 
toman military fyftem, and de- 
figned to keep np that enthufi- 
aum which thev have f^ond fo 
ttfefiil among their troops, that 
every Maffulman, who enliffs him- 
felf as a foldler ta fight againft the 
enemies of their £uth, devotes 
ID] hit 



34] ANNUAL HEGISTER 



jus life a9 a martyr to ^e iA the other memorial coached in rery 

caa(e of religion. . From . their -ftrong. terms, in which he repre- 

beiBg.confidered in' this fandificd fented, * That if M. Obrefkoir, 

light, there is no redrefs for the who was well known to be in a 

exorbitances that are comraitted very bad .ftate of health, (hould 

br* the new levies i»- the begin- 'happen to die in his prefent coi>- 

ning of the war; and a number finement, the public would look 

x>f wretches cnlift, oaiy to make upon that event to have been 

itfc of thi» licence, while others premeditated by the government^ 

go about armed, and pretend to which would bring upon the 

have enliftcd, merely for the fame .Porte the reproach of all other 

!jpiurpo(c« -!;.,'. powdrs; and that befides, if dur- 

The day after the arreft of the ,ing the courfe of the waf any Ot^ 

'RniHaa Rdident, the Engl iih Amr ftoman Nobleman ihould be taken 

baifador prefented a 'memorial, in tprifoner by the Ruflians, he would 

.which iie 4)ropored, that, in conii- he expofed,. by way of reprifal, to 

deration of M. Obrefkow's bad -the fame fate.' This remoaftrancOy 

Aat'e of health, he might be con- though not entirely complied witk, 

iined in his owji ihotel, inftead of produced a happy change in! the 

the eaftle of the fievsn towers. Equation of the Ruffian Minifter, 

Although this requefl was: feoonded who with his' retinae was re* 

by the Pruflian Miniiler, it pro- moved from a clofe unhealthy pri- 

duced for the prefent no effed. fon, to the houfe of the Keeper of 

The Engliih Miaifter, not difcou«- the caflle of the feven towers, where 

ra^d^ prefented in fome time an>- they were commodioofly lodge4» 



C H A p. VI. 

The Empire. ConduSi of the court ^ of Vienna, Of the EleQorat homfi of 
Saxony. King of Pritffia* Liberal agnation to bis fuhjeQs in Sikfta. 
Extraordinary SJturbances at Neuf chattel ; murder of the Sieur Gaudot. 
Flourijhing ftate of DenmarL -jittention paid hy the King to the arts, 
and encouragement gi^uen to the profejfors of them. An, order given 
fir a general fur'vey of that kingdom. State of Sweden, Extraordinary 
exertion pf 'uigour and JPirit in the King.^ Abdicates the Cro^n. A 
proclamation ijfuid, fcr an anticipated convocation of the fates. The 
King refun^.'s the Go'vemment^ 

TH-K prefent Emperor fe^nxs and reformed the armies, has in- 
calculated to make* a diflla- .troduced feveral ufeful modes of 

ceconomy, is attentive to every 
department of government, and 
^^3 gained the love and adrai- 
and dignity, which it has not ration of the people to a very 
known for fome time. We alrca- high degree. 
dy fee that he has new-modelled 

The 




For the VEAk 1768. 



[iS 



^Thk marriage which has taken 
|>Ia£6 this year between the King 
A .| ©f Naples' and the- Arch- 
^^" 7- aotcheft Caroline; and 
the other that is ccmekded' be- 
tween the Duke of Parma aitd 
the Arch-dntchefs Amelk, artecir- 
cttmfitnces that could- not be 
pleifiiig to thofe who thotfght the 
no^fd of Bourbon already too for- 
midable. The ties of blood be- 
tween ptinces arc, however, fo little 
attended to, when they at all in- 
terfere with their political interefts, 
that nothing conclufire can be 
drawn from a fpeculation of this 
nature. Experience fliews that 
no fyftem, founded upon fo uncer- 
tain a ground, is at all to be de- 
pended on. 

The military arrangements were 
this year very numerous in the 
Imperial dominions, one project 
continually treading on the heels 
of another; amon^ the ceconomi- 
cal fyftems in that department, 
they enlarged their corps of caval- 
ry, confohdating two fquadrons 
into one; and they incorporated 
tz regiment! of foot into as many 
eld ones. Great pains werd taken 
to remoiHit the cavalry, fo that 
in a few weeks feveral thoufand 
horfes crc^ed the Elbe, that were 
bought for the Auftrian and Saxon 
troops. As this court has not 
been inattentive to what paiTed 
hi Poland, feveral fmall camps 
were formed during the fummer, 
in Bohemia, Moravia, and Hun- 
gary; and when, towards the lat- 
ter part of the fcafon, the tranf- 
a^lions in that country became 
more interefting, a coniiderable 
line of troops was ftationed on the 
frontiers. All ihefe camps were 
▼iiited by the Emperor in perfon, 
who examined into every depart- 



ment of the military, reformed a 

multitude of abufes, and introduced 

new and ftriAer modes of difcipline. 

In one *of thefe tours which he 

made into the kingdom of Huh - 

* gary, the Bafha of Belgrade invited 

hh Imperial Majefty to viitt that 

' fortrtfs, and aflured him that he 

•Ihould be received and treated with 

the fame honours as the Grand 

Sigtnor. 

An edift was iffbed this year 
by the Emperor, which required 
the feveral governments of Ger- 
many not to permit their fnbjeAs 
to leave the empire, or even to 
difpofe of their efFedls, if an in- 
tention of departure was fufpefted. 
In rcfpeQ to domedic matters, 
mildnefs ih government, and a 
tendemefs and condefcenfion to 
the people, feem to be the ruling 
principles at prefent of the court 
of Vienna. Many regulations 
have been lately made that art 
highly beneficial to them, par- 
ticularly in refpetSl to quartering 
the army, which was one of their 
heavieft grievances. We took no- 
tice, in our la(l volume, that the 
Emprefs Qircen had given her 
foldiers liberty to marry; ibe 
has lately publifhcd an ordinance, 
whereby, as an encouragement, 
ftic grants to all ferjeants, cor- 
porals, and foldiers, wRo are mar- 
ried, three kreutzers per day, above 
their common pay, for every child 
of either fex they have. This 
encouragement to matrimony 
among the non-com miffioned offi- 
cers and foldiers of her^ army, {o 
contrary to general praftice, may 
well deferve the attention of other 
powers. 

Uncommon pains have been 

taken in the electorate of Saxony 

this year, for the encrcaling and 

[O z] putting 



36] ' ANNUAL REGISTER 

putting on a refpedable footing neighbourhood. He is» indefd» Ut 

Sem 16 ^^ &nny. The Prince a confiderab!e degree, a. party kr 

^* * Adminiftrator has re- the aSmt of Polwi» net only as a 

fiened the reins of government* goarantect but «s having tn every 

wbkh be held with great prudence rdfped, e^ocept fending foroes there* 

and moderation, into the hands of fapportc4 the meafires th^ have 

his nephewy the Electoral Prince, been pmffned by the . Empreft 

who was dien in the eighteenth of IUtfi»r As he' probbUy tore* 

year of his age. By proper ma« iaw the coiifeqiliences that thefe 

nagement, the Electoral family aseafu^es might polBbly 6e pro* 

may by degrees recover that fplen- do^ve of ; he has taken (och care 

dor, which had been fo much im- in compleatiog his armies, filling 

paired by the hue war. The bis magazine^, and ftationing 

eiedlion of Prince Clement, who his troops, as to be thoroughly 

was already fiiihop of Frefioguen pe]»red for any event that may 

and Rati/bon,. to the Arcobi- na{^>elu 

Feb lo' ^^^^^^ "B^ Ele&orate Among; other military meafures, 
of Treves, is a gieat he ordered an augmentation or 
addition to its ftrength and dig- forty men ta every company of 
nity. This has, however, been foot, one half of which are to be 
fincc farther increafed, through the foreigners, to prevent the taking 
narticular fortune of that Prince, off too many ufeful hands from 
oy the death of the Prince Bilhop tillage and manufadures at home, 
of Augfburgh, to whom he was The foldiers are alfo permitted to 
coadjutor ; u> that he now eiijoys marry; and to relieve the iahabi- 
three great bilhopricks, befides tants from quartering the tnx^s, 
his Eleaorate. There is n& doubt he has ordered barracks to be 
but the court of Vienna will in- ereded for them in difierent parts 
tereft itfelf deeply to procure the of his dominions. 
Prince Adminillrator an equiva- .The inftance which that Mo- 
lent for the dutchy of Courland, narch has this year given of hiM 
a meafure which, in the pre£ent great attention to the diftrefles of 
£tuation of affiurs, may probably his people, and aa equal difpofi* 
be readily acquiefced in. The tion to relieve thenn^ as it redounds 
marriage aUb now concluded on, greatly ta his honour, is alfo per- 
berween the £le£loral Prince and haps one of the moft politic ads 
the Princefs of Deuxponts, will of his life. A number of familiee 
be in its e£Feds a very confide- in the dutchy of Silefia, many of 
rable alliance, as that family them of good note, had, in con- 
fuccecd u> the Palatinate of the fequence of the late war, or other 
Rhine, npon the death of the pre- misfortunfs, been obliged to mort- 
fent £ledor. gage their eftates deeply. By this 

It would correfpond but badly means many gentlemen, as well aa 
with a knowledge of tht King of others, were reduced to great nc- 
Prtiffia's general character, to fup* ceffities, their ren|s being almoft 
pofe him inattentive to the extra- wholly confumed by ufury. Jaw- 
ordinary tranfadions which the fuits, and (he bti^er ill coij^f^ences 
prefent year has produced in his of fuchan unhappy fituation. The 

4 King 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[37 



King having heard of the diftrcfies 
that thoie nunilie^ laboored nndef» 
ordered the circumffances of the 
particttlar ctfts, and the proper 
eftimates> to he kid hefo e htm, 
and generoaflv gratited^a'donation 
ter the difcnaf^ of the debts. 
TUt noble bonnty wbs ib exten- 
five> that tome incnmbranee; from 
thirty «o forty chonftmd rLtdollar* 
were dtfcharged by it. Soch an 
ad of beneToTence mod fecnre the 
attaehm <nt of the moft donbtfal or 
vavering fabjefts. 

The remarkable diftarbances 
that happened in the principality 
of Nentchattel in Switzerlana* and 
the confeqnent murder of the 
SieurGandot, the King's Advocate, 
arc of fo extraordinary a nature, 
chat they will not admit of being 
paffied over without notice. At an 
oppofitioii to the King's wiU in any 
of his fttbiefls may appear ftrange 
to fttch of our readers as are not 
acquainted with the particolar cir« 
comftances of that principality, it 
may nor, perhaps, be unneceffiury 
to premife a few words on that fub« 
jed. 

Few ftates poflUs fo much li- 
berty as the inhabitants of thofe 
iinall territories of Neufchattel 
and Valanein have hitherto done. 
A remarki^le inftance of this hap« 
pened in the year 1707, when, 
upon the failure of KTae in their 
own princes ctf the line of Lon- 

Sieville, they, by their own ao- 
ortty, affigned the fncceifioi to 
the government of their country 
to the King of Prfiffia. At that 
time there were feveral princei 
and ftates, among whom was the 
Eledor of Hanover^ afterwards 
George the Firft of England, who 
laid claim to the foccc%on. Pre- 
vious to the pretenfions of theft 



feveral competitors being admitted, 
t^f^y were obliged to fwear to the 
obiervatxon of nine general articles, 
which confirmed the former rights 
and nrivllf*ges of the people in 
C^ the adjudication fliould be in 
their favour. 

A difpute happened fome time 
ago between the governor and the 
people, upon the exertion of fome^ 
a6tof authority, which they look- 
ed tipon^o be illegal, and a breach 
of "diwr privileges. The King 
fopported the Governor; but the 
people were firm, and would not 
recede. His Majefty then rci^r- 
xed the difpute to the Canton of 
Berne, not only as principal of 
the Helvetic body, but alfo as an 
ancient ally of the Neufchatolois. 
The proceis was condu£led at 
Berne for the King by the Sieur 
Gaudot, a native of Neufchattel, 
and his Advocate General. This 
gentleman managed the affair fo 
wen, that in two years time he 
obtained as many fentences in the 
King's favour againft his country. 
It is to be obferved, that the peo- 
ple never admitted the appeal, 
nor would make anv defence to 
theprocefs, as they abfolutdy de- 
nied the authority of the court. 
They now accordingly refufed to 
fttbmit to the fentences, and faid 
that the States of Berne were no 
judges of their rights. TheStates^ 
however, ordered a body of 8000 
men to march to the frontiers, 
with orders to enforce the fen- 
tences; and the Nenfchatolois, un- 
able to contend with power, were 
unwillingly obliged to fubmit to 
them. 

The King was fo much pleafed 

with the condud of the Sieur 

Gaudot, that he appointed him 

his Attorney General, Lieutenant 

[D 3] Governor, 



38] 



ANNUAl...i^EiGI5T5R 



Governor^ tnd R^eiver of the 
Rents. The people, however, re* 
garded this geAUQn^an in a ver/ 
diffident light, and looked upon 
him a3 the betrayer and dfiHtoy.cx 
of hi4 country, and tha^t theie 
rewards were the wages of hb 
lAiamy. 

Upon his return after fo long 
aftaofence to Neufchattel^ wKere 
he was to be indalled in his new 
digoitiesb he came in company 
with M, 'Derfchau, the Kii>g*s 
MiniAer; and unfortunately, whe- 
ther from ai^ eagernefs to fee his 
family, or fron;^ vanity, refafed 
that gentleman's invitation to go 
to tl^ cafile. Upon his enter- 
ing the town, he found the (fa-eeu 
iUkd with people of ail ranks and 
ages, who received him with uni- 
verCil hiiEng, reviling, and exda- 
marioo; and the crowds were fo 
great, that he was oblige4 to quit 
his coach at fome diSance from 
his houfe, and pafs through them 
on foot. His enemies, who in- 
cluded all his fellow-citizens, (ay, 
that he entered the town with all 
, the parade and air of triumph ; 
that, to dilplay it the more, he 
quitted his coach, and paiTed 
through them, (liewing every fwel- 
ling mark of felf-importance and 
dignity. It is to be remembered, 
that thefpc^ators were not difpofed 
to fee any of his aflions in a favour- 
able lieht. 

His Jioufe was firll befiegcd by 
a great number of boys, who re- 
viled him with all manner of inju- 
rious appellations* He attempted 
to difperfe them by threats, when 
one of them fpoke to him in the 
following remarkable terms: * You 
are the chief caufe of our fathers 
beine compelled by force to yield 
iij> their privileged^ the lou of 



whicl^ :wiU fall ^keavieft opoii 0( : 
our revenge is jufi, a#d wf sure 
refojved tf> exert all our ppwera 
to r^ecover ouf liberty, wl^ieh we 
will bcgif to do by <Ktirp%tiflg 
you/ 

This extraofdinary fiegeT l^fle4 
about thirty hours ; the boys wtre 
foon joined by crowdii of mei) ^]»d. 
women. M. Derfchau hiivi^g ap- 
plied to the m^ilb-ates, they de^ 
puted on^ of their body to dofire 
the people to difperfe; ^ut they 
were anfwered, th^t as they had 
let the right of police l^e taken 
from them, xhfiy had no autho- 
rity now. A free company of gre- 
nadiers belonging to the city waa 
ordered under arms; they took 
their arms, but would neither aft 
againU their country, nor prote£i 
tne perfon whom they looked upon 
as its enemv. The Pruilian ac- 
count fays, that the grenadiers Ered 
feveral Ihots into the houfe at the, 
unhappy Advocate. 

The next day M. Derfchau o^ 
fered tp fend him out of the coun- 
try, with a promife that he ihould 
never return, and fent a coach for 
that purpofe; but this was refuf- 
ed, and the coach, though it was 
aucnded by the King^s Uvcxy, 
was turned upfide down in the 
ftrect. No expedition of help 
being now left, and all hope at an 
end, the lady of the unfortunate 
Sieur Gaudot defircd leave to quit 
the houfe, wliich was immedi- 
ately granted, and (he .departed 
without the leaft infu»t. The 
fecond night the people broke in- 
to every ^rt of the houfe, and at 
length dilcovered the room where 
the uuhappy man and hi^ nephew 
l\ad barricaded ihcmfclves. The 
Sieur Gaudot fhoi the firll who 
broke in dead, and wo<yi(^ two 

alhcrs ; 



For tlie rEAR 1^68: 



[i9 



Others; but received at the ^famc 
time (6 man^ (hou, that he died* 
altnoft inftantly* * is nephew- 
efcaped through a chimney: 

As foon as the Sieur Gaudot 
was dif patched, one of the afTaf- 
fins looked out of the window, 
and cried out with a loud voice, 
• He is dead ; long live thtf 
Fnncc, and may all traytors pe- 
rilh !* This news was received by 
the populace with the loudcfl ac- 
clamations of joy; and fo violent 
and gaieral was the hatred con- 
ceived againft him, that it was with 
the greateft difficoltv his friends 
could procure him a burial. Sere- 
ral communities refufed the ufe of 
their church-yards; no man would 
make a cofBn for him ; and no 
native w«u)d aflift in carrying the 
body to the grave. 

This gentleman's unhappy fate 
is a (hiking inftance how dange- 
rous it may be to offend in a cer- 
tain degree (let the community 
be ever fo fmall) a whole people ; 
and that the greateft powef may 
prove infuflicient to proteft the 
oifrnder from their rcftntmcnt. 
•As to the coodud and motives of 
this unhappy gentleman, they are 
too common to ftand in need of 
obfervation. The part he a6ted 
in conducing the procefs at Berne 
may, perhaps, be defended upon 
the principles of his profeffion, 
and a regard to the duties of th6 
office which he held. The Sieur 
Gaudot unfortunately did not leave 
even this defence as a proteftion 
to his memofy. He publilhed a * 
book fome time before his death, ' 
in which he endeavoured to prove, 
with great learning, and a train of 
fallacious arguments, that the S6- ^ 
vereign had an undoubted right 
to deprive the people of slU their ' 



priviieg^.t Ic is remarkablr,. that. 
his Votherv a& ohi veteran officer, • 
was the mnft ftreriuoos afiertor of . 
the' rights, of ' the* people, and 
offered t6 *be the foremoft in the . 
moil defpcratc meafares in their ' 
defence. 

The Neufchatolois were not fo. 1 
feverely punifiied as might have ' 
been expe^ed«^ con&dering ^ the * 
nature ^id greatnefs of the of^ * 
fence^ and < the power of the of- 
fended. A garrifon of 6oo meii^ 
were fent by the four neighhouriiig'-* 
Cantons, to afftft the magiffrates.. 
in refloring order, and puniiking ' 
the afidfios. - General Lentulus en* * 
camped at Anet, within a leaguo - 
of th(e territories of Neufchattejl, - 
with .1400 Tticn, and ao- ^pieces 
of cannon. A few of the aflailina* 
were executed, and others- fted the 
country. The mariftrates sndr ' 
clergy were obliged to make^^. 
firbmidioa to the King. The cinr 
was ctmdemned to pay the whole ' 
expence of the procefs at Berne^ 
amounting , to above 2000 louis 
d'ors; and to make a compenfa* 
tion to Gaudot's widow, for tke 
damage done to her houfe# and the 
lofs ot her furniTure^ Some, of the 
citizens were deprived of their 
arms for a twelvemonth; and the 
grenadier company,. men and offi* 
cers, were entirely broke and abo* 
lifhed for ever. 

The kingdom of Denmark* 
through » hapoy fM^efIioa*of wife 
and t^evolenc Frincci/ ii at pre** > 
fent one of the beft^gtlVcimed Mid •* 
motll floertihing ^ceuntnes ! in vthe 
North, ^.Acts mti eommerce have ^ 
of late'yeftrt * been gie&Uy eocoe*''' 
raged; «nd>' if^w }iidicio«]i ip«« * 
nafgemen^ bp tht^ Ttrvfouet* of ^m^ 
country in itfelf peif her rith nor < 
generally iS^tUey* fiMiw %^Bttt ^mi 
[D 4] army 



491 



ANNUAL R.EGISTER 



umj art fapnorted* u pro^ttrt it tke unp^^rtation of whale oil iq the 

a. propyl r^fpeft with the neigh* King's German dominions^ except 

bpuriog natiooi. in mips fitted out by his own fub« 

The prefent Monarch giTei dai- je&» is fbrb.dden. The King has 



ly inftance^t as well of his btne* ordered a general forvey of a1 the 

valence and munificence, as of hb lands throughout the kingdom of 

difpofition to patroniie the artt« Penmark; plans and maps are to 

He lately gave to the Academy he nude of every particular dif- 

of Paintingy Sculptnre9aiid Aichi- tri^, in order that the taxation 

t«d^ire» at Copenhagen, letten pa- may be more equaU and in pro** 

tenty by which M the advantages p rtion to the real value of each. 

that had been formerly granted T i zre^t work, w.iicn feems to 

are confirmed and iecured to them promiie much utility, is to be be^ 

in perpetuity. By this patent, the gun in the i/land of Zealand i and 

Academy have two annual fuins ^^^ King is to bear the whole ex- 

one of 5000> aud the other of pence of the fnrvey. 
6000 crowns, iecured to them for Some differences which had fub- 

eVer from the King's private uea- fifted between the King and the 

fury. The firft of thefe liberal Emprefs of Ruflia, in relation to 

donations u appropriated to Aspply their refpedlive territories in Hoi- 

the neceflities of the artifis; and ftein, in which the £mprc(s a6led 

the fecond to be beftowed, partly as guardian to her (on, who is Duke 

in penfions to tho(e who ihall of that dutchy, have been amicably 

diftinguilh themfelves in the arts, adjufted, to the mutual fatisfac-» 

and partly in annuities to their tion of boih parties^ p . 

widows. The King alfi» fcnt to and the Emprefs ra- ,758^* 

the Society of Sciences a co. fidera- tified with great plea- ' " 

ble fum of money, to be divided fure the treaty that had been con-^ 

into a ceruin number of prizes eluded on that fubjedt by her Mi- 

and beftowed on Aich authors who tadcr at Copenhagen. The two 

ihaH fumilh the beft works, on courts have alto concluded a treaty 

certain propofed parts of Phyfick, with the city of Hamburgh, by 

Mathematics, and Hiftory. I'he wnich the lattef is acknowledged 

Kings of Denmark and %Sweden to be an imperial and fret city, 

have allotted 9000 crowns each, and has acquired fcveral preroga- 

befides the expence of proper in« tives in rt-ipc^ to its territories, 

ftruments, to perfons w7*om they as well as adv^tages in regard to 

have appointed to d)ff*rent Nations, trs^le. 

tamakeobfervationsQn rhe paflkge The happy confequence of the 

of Venus over the fan'« diik, on the marrlagr* betu een the prefent King 

jdof Juttty f760k ^ and the Priucefs Caroli- . ^^ ^g 

Several ftgalations refpeAing n^ of England has been ^ 

<ammcrcitha^hfi9ii lately made in the birth of a Prince, to the uni- 

Denmark, Come of which may pro- verfaL joy of the court and people. 

YMtf foetpn beaificial* Among This defirable event, beudes its 

etaers, the Africaa tra<)«^ which Barficuiar advantages, forms a fjre(h 

was in the hp4Mb <d an exdhi&ve bond of that union and frieadfliip 

company^ it ngw bid openi and between the two nations, which is 
. ' always 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[4t 



always (o much to be coveted by commerce has laiiguifhed, w1iil« 

both. There is no douoc but the bankruptcies have multiplied to 

yi£t which hb Majefly made this an aftoniihing degree. Otthis the 

vear, accompanied by feveral of prefent year afibrds an inftance, 

his principal nobiligr, to the court which is not perhaps to be parallel* 

of England, will contribute much cd; that of a whole city becomine 

to tne fame happy effefl ; the bankropt. The magillrates and 

jnarks of relped and fmcere re- al) the inhabitants, one merchant 

gard, (hewn him by all ranks of only excepted, of the city of Ni- 

peoplcy (eeming to have been re- carleby in Finland, have 'declared 

• lit* •• */* _• 



ceived by him with as much fatis- 
fatton as they were paid with 
pleafore. Tn this tour his Maj^Ay 
vifited Holland and France, and 
was every where received with the 
greatefl honours. 

Monarchy, which once appeared 
with fo mach fplendonr in Sweden, 
feems now to nifr^r an almoft total 
edipfe. Very diiTrent is the (late 
of things there from that in Den« 
mark. The king or Sweden, who 
is. little more than nominally fo, 
has been qbliged to put up with 
indignities that feem utterly in« 
compatible with every idea of roy- 
alty. Happy even fo, if the peo» 
pie had gained whatever the crown 



themielves infolvent. In the coun* 
try, the people are fo oppreft by the 
heavinefs of the taxes, and the 
cruelty of the colle^ors, that the 
inhabitants of whole diftrids have 
threatened to quit the kingdom in 
bodies, with their wives and chil- 
dren; their cattle, com, and ef- 
fects having been feized upon, from 
their inability to pav them. 

An ordinance which was this 
year publi(hed in Stockholm fnf- 
ficiently (hews the fpirit of the ad* 
miniflration of that country, and 
the little regard they pay to com- 
merce in general, or to the liber- 
ties or fecurity of the people. 
This ordinance gives a power to 



has loft; bat of thb a great deal of the fifcals, to enter any houfe 
doubt may be well entertained, without dilHnAion, npon infbrma- 



If a felfifh oligarchy (hould be efta- 
bU(hed, the change from abfolote 
monarchy may not be fo great a 
blefBng to the Swedes. People of 
fpirit will not be impofed on by 
a mere (hew of liberty. Public al- 
fembliet, though popular in name, 
when they degcnerare, are capable 
of oppr^ons which may make 
difpotifm itfelf a fort of relief. 
Indeed the conditution of Sweden, 
which cftabli(hcd (o extenfive a 
power in the Senate to the preju- 
dice of the Monarchy, fcemcd ill 
calculated for permanence. 

Whatever may be its merits, thb 



tion of contraband goods. All 
perfons who ufe any violence to 
fecure or carry off fuch goods are 
to fuffer death ; and thofe wha 
oppofe the officers in their fearch 
are to be publicly whipt. All dif- 
putes that arife upon thb fnbjed 
are to be decided by the Board of 
Cuftoms. T bus 4in. inferior tribu- 
nal is fet up, at the fame time the 
accufers are fole jvirdge^, and that 
in a matter, in^^whieh ^hey are 
themfeiyei -concerned vand deeply 
interred ;.. and -haite it in their 
chotctfi wHetber to degrade the 
moft«miilentci£izehi\by the maSt 



b certain, that in confcquence of igiiomimons painilhments, Or finally 
the diftr^ons of this country, to take ^ty their lives. The 

confe- 



4*] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



cctfifeqiieiices w«jr« in part foch ts 
might have been expeded ; fereral 
merchants immediately (k\U wp, 
and quitted buiinefs. 

SiKh wa& the ftata of aJFairs in 
this country tiU very near the end 
of the year» at which time an nn- 
•xpeded and extraordinary exer- 
tion of vigour in the King put a 
temporary Hop to all the funAions 
of government^ threw the ruling 
admini&ration into the greateS 
and moil vKible diforder> and 
feem^ to have opened a door for 
fome very great if not total change 
to. talce place in the government of 
that country. 

The grievous complaints of the 
people, who were haraifed for 
taxes that they were unable to pay, 
and whofe miferic;s were increafed 
by the infplcnce of the revcnne 
officersj andthe oppreffion of the 
inilitary, hajd induced the King 
to make ieveral appUcationd to the 
Senate, to c^ll aa anticipated con** 
vocation of the four orders that 
compofe the Diet of the kingdom, 
that they may enquire intor the 
cajifes of thofe grievances, as we)i 
as into the itatc of the revenues 
which were in- the greatcft difor- 
dex. Thefc applications were en- 
tirely, fruitleft, and the Senate 
abiolutely refufed to comply with' 
a requiiitibn, w-hich the King ii> 
fifkd to be the only poffible reme- 
dy for the public evils. In this 
fituation, fome differences having 
arifen, bet ween the Senate and the 
Board of Treafury, the Senate re- 
fblved upon the eflabliihment of a 
new and extraordinary tribunal to 
take cognizance of them. The 
King having notice of this mea- 
fure, went 4fo the fenate-houfe, 
and declared in the ftrongeil terms 
hi^ difapprobation of it^ and at 



the fame time again propofed the 
hokiing an affembly of the dates. 
This not bein^ compHed with, his 
Majefty caufed a writing to be en- 
tered in his pre(^Rce in the regif- 
ters of the Senate, at the end of 
which he declared, that, if the 
Senate contiiMied to oppofe the 
convocation of the dates, he wonld 
abdicate the crown. 

As foon as the King had retired, 
the Senate took into confideration 
hb Majefty's declaration. At the 
clofe of their deliberations, two 
fenators went to court, and ear-' 
neftly prayed the King that he 
would defift from his demand ; his 
Marjei^y declared that he would 
not, and defired that the Senate 
might immediately give him a ca- 
tegorical anfwer. An hour aitcr, 
fix other fenators came to intreat 
the King, that he would grant the 
Senate a delay of four days to con- 
iidcr of it. His Majefly told them 
with great itrmnels and fpirit, that 
he^ looked upon this demand as a 
refitfal ; that from that inftant, he 
renounced the government till the 
ftates fhohld be aiTembled, forbid 
the Senate from ilTuing any thing 
in: has name, and defired that the 
feals might be delivered to him. 

The next day the King fent the 
Prince Royal to the fcveral Col- 
leges of (late (by colleges are un- 
dcHlood what we call beards or 
offices), with diredions to read to 
them the following declaration ;— 
^ We order by theie prefents our 
dear fon the Prince Royal, to make ' 
known to the Colleges of flate, that 
judging it neceifary to convoke the 
ftaies of the kingdom, we had prc- 
fumed that the Senate would have 
confented thereto this day, which 
not having done, we can coniider 
this fiience only as a refufal ; con- 

fequently 



Ft* tli« YEA^L 1768. 



[43 



feq^estlj^ w^ 6c4 oarfclY€s under 
the ueceflky of abdio^Ung the re- 
gency, qntil the f»id. dates (hall be 
CQOVoked. 

Pone at StockMo^ P*c. 13^ 
1768. 

Signed, 
Adolshus Fridericj;/ 

The Prinze wen^ firft to the 
CpUege of the chaacery^ where he 
read with, a loud voice the above 
order, and then demanded that 
the feab ihQuld be delivered up 
CQ him ; bm the Keeper ^eiag ab- 
fcnt, hi> Koyal Highiicfs's i;eaae(!; 
coold npt be comply with. The 
Prince then fignined to the mem-* 
bers of th^ CoUege* that> if they 
(09tiimed to make any ufe of 
them, they (hould be refponilble 
to his Mz^^y and the fiates. 

Fiom th/: Chancery, the PryiQe 
went fttcccffivcly to the other CqI- 
l^e;^ wher^ he made the ikme 
Dptification. The fhreets were 
filled with crowds of' people, im- 
patient and anxious to. learn the 
jiTue of a, fcene, (a extraordinary, 
* and fo critical.. 

In the mean time the Senate, 
cbcpwQ into the greac^ft perplexity 
by this bold and ynexpeded 
manceuvre, fent a third depma- 
tkut to cjlxe King* earneflly to i;e- 
qued that he woulcl change his 
refoUtion; bu; this meflage proved 
as anfuccefsful as the two former. 
They then fent two Secretaries of 
ftate to the Prince, to. endeavour 
to diU'uade him from proceeding 
in the toar he was making to the 
Colleges ; this effort was alfo as 
incfFedual as the reft. 

Every thing was now at a (land; 
a!l the public offices fufpended 
tlicir fun^ions, and the people 
looked at each other \s ith difmay. 



dreading, and unable to guc(s the 
confequcnces* The SenatCj &\ll 
more alarmed at this dreadful 
paufe in all the fim6.ion6 of go- 
vernmeat, and apprehenfiveof.thc 
eSc&s that . might enfue from the 
King's grcatpopqlarity, fent or- 
der^ to the Gcn«rals Ferfen and 
Ehrenfward, and to the Vice-Ad- 
miral, to double in all places the 
guards ; they alfo, at the fame 
time, ordered the College of Hate 
accounts to.ifiue double pay to the 
troops of .the garrifon. It wa» 
only at this critical jun£lare, that 
the Sepate firH difcovered that it 
had entirely loft its power, • The 
Generals waited upon that aflem* 
bly^^and declared that they could 
not obey any orders that were not- 
authorized by the King ; that thcj^' 
hfid indeed doubled the night 
guards and reinforced the patroles; 
but that they hod done both thefe 
ads of their own< accord, to pro- 
vide for the public fecurity, aud 
not becaufe the Senate had ordered 
it. The Office of Hate acc«>unu 
alio declared, that it was incon- 
fiilent with their ioilrudions^ to 
comply with any - cxtraqidin^ry 
e^pences, unlcfs jointly authoiri;&ed 
by the King and the Senate ; and 
that they could- not confequently 
grant double pay to the gairifon* 

Quring thefe tranfadtons» the 
court was more nq^nerpus and 
brilliant than ever. Tbe different 
Colleges went- in jproceffioa to the 
King with addreues upqn the gc^ 
cafion, and to return hi^ Majefiy 
thanks for the notification he had 
feat them by the Prioce Royal. 
Next day all the CoIIege&weot to 
the Senate, and made delarations 
in form of their having fufpended 
all the fundions of their reipedlive 
departments; and at the fame time 

recom- 



44] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



recomm ending to them a compU« 
anice with the King's reqoeft. 

In the mean time the apprehen* 
lions of the public increaled hour- 
ly ; accounts were fent to all parts 
of the kingdom of the throne's 
being vacant. The King had fent 
cxprtfles to the Governors of the 
provinces^ with inftrudions how 
to ad to prevent tumults and dif« 
orders ; as the nature of theCe in* 
ftruftions were not knovn, it in« 
creafed the anxiety^ and many 
were afraid thit the 6rder of pea« 
fants, from the love and attach- 
ment they weie known to bear to 
his Majefty« would have rifen and 
ftruck fome great blow. 

At laft the members of the ma*> 
giftracy of the citv went in a body, 
with the Grand Governor at their 
head, to the Senate, and declared 
that as all the Coileees of lUte 
liad crafed to exercife the fnnftions 
of their refpe^ive departments; 
as the whole public adminiftration 
was in diforder, and as no letters 
patent were ifTued for convoking 
the diet» they (the maeiftrates), 
agreeable to the form of govern- 
mertt, found themfclves under a 
neceffity of convoking the order of 
bnrfrhers. 

This ftroke was conclofive ; the 
Senate was at length compelled to 
confent to the ddSred ailembly of 
the ftatet ; and the King's concur- 
rence was accordingly re^nefted, 
to confirm the proclamation fbr 
that pnrpofe ; an affcnt which 
there was no doubt of obtaining. 
PI - As foon as the King 

^^^•*'- had figncd the letters 
patent for the convocation of the 



ilates, he immediately refumed the 
reins of government, and bufineis 
went on as ufual at all the public 
offices. Upon his firft appearance 
in the Senate, the King made the 
following fpeech : 

' I appear again in this, place, 
penetrated with the moil lively 
acknowledgement at its having 
pleafed the uivine Providence, who 
dire^ all things, that I (hould re- 
fume the government of my king- 
dom, and with the more fatisfac- 
tion, as the convocatin of the 
ilates gives me hopes of being able 
to relieve our faithful fubjeds from 
thrir mifery. I will not under- 
take to aniwer what the fenators 
have alledged againft mv refo- 
lution, fince it i» all buried in 
oblivion by the convocation of the 
ftates. I (hall demonlbate to the 
ftatei the utility and the neceffity 
of my refolntion, for the m »inten- 
ance of the libi*rty and juftice of 
the nation. My confcience does 
not in the leaft reproach me in all 
this ; what has lately happened 
will perhaps be alone fufficient to 
evince the juftice of my defigns* 
I am moreover fully perfuaded, 
that all that ( have done will be 
approved, not only at prefent, but 
in future.' 

The iQth of February was fixed 
upon for the opening of the diet 3 
and the King in the mean time if- 
fued orders for treating the pea- 
fanu with lenity, and that their 
cattle fhould not be feized when 
it appeared they were unable to pay 
the taxes. 



CHAP. 



For the YEAR 1^68. [45 



CHAP. VIL 

fma. Tbi Ktn^ tjkt ptfftffiom of the Pop^s ierritmes in Anngnut amd 
ihi ymmiffin* Trem/v wtb the KeptAUe tf Genem, and m DecUtraiitH in 
Ttgmrd f Cwrjkm. ExtrMrdimoy pcwtrs grafted by the King /t the Grand 
Cmnrii ; dtbaies in ibe ParHmmnt rf Paris 9 and renm/hanees ufan ibat 
fabfgd. Great ciamenrs and eemplaintt in cen/efnence ef the fcareity of 
fnvifimu , Rtmariabie Remonjhance made hy tbe Cbamber ef Vacatiens 
ef tbe Parliament rf Nermandj. Regulations ntade by tbe King ef Spain, 
t§ eiraam/cribe ibe fo'wer tf tbe Clngy in general , and ef tbe Infuijitien 
inpartiadar\ t§ refirm tbe Clergy and Vni*verfities \ and to enUurge tbe 
Itberty ef tbe Pre/s. A company of Freneb Mercbaais obtain a grant to 
nuork the Gold-mines in tbe province of Andahtfia. An EdiSt againfi tbe 
impart aiion of painted or printed linens or cottons t *witb a vienv to efiablijb 
miumfaSwres of t bat kind in Spain. 

THE demands tlut were jointly Thefe arms, thoagb once for- 

made on the Pope» by the midable» were of no manner of 

French, Spaniih* and Neapolitan sfe upon the prelent occafion ; the 

Ambaflkdon, to withdraw his brief Legate quitted the city, a detach- 

againft the Dake of Parma, and to ment of dragoons entered t ^^ , . 

aake fatisfadion for the infult of- it early in the rooming. •'^ 

ftred, not being complied with, the Aboot thirty old Swifs foldiers, 

French King thought proper to who flood with mfty partizans be- 

reclaim the city and territories of fore the gates of the Pope's palace, 

Avignon and the Venaiffin, as fiefs wtre put like afelefs lumber out of 

belonging to him. The Marquis the way, the gates kicked open by 

de Rochecovart was fent at the the dragoons jack boots, and pof- 

head of the regiment of Dauphiny feffion uken with all the acclama- 

attended by the Prefident and eight tions and joy of a com pleat vic- 

Cottnfellors of the Parliament of tory. Te Denm was then fung at 

Provence, to execute this commif- the cathedral, and at night the 

fioa. The Marqub having fum* city was illuminated ; in the mean 

moned the Vice Legate, and noti- time all the religious houfes were 

fied the King's coromiiCon to him, fealed ap, thofe oelonging to the 

that Prelate made anfwer, that, as Jrfaits being firft ftript of every 

he had no troops to oppofe him thing valuable. The Marqub 

with, he could only make life of having then received the homage 

the arms of the church; and there* and fubmiflion of the people, the 

ibre he denounced againft him the King's arms were put up over the 

boll in cetna Domini, which con- gates, and theCommilTaries of the 



tains the penalties incurred by thofe Parliament made the neceifary re- 
who (eize upon efl^fb belonging to gulations, and nominated proper 
ihecharch. perfons for the admininration of 

juftice. 



4<] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



joftice. Some French troops alfo 
took poiTeiEon of the towns of Car- 
pentras and Cav^llon in the Ve- 
naiflin. In the mean time the 
Pope's (ervants and foldiers retired 
to Antibes, from whence they em- 

The dkioere of Vcrimii&i 'wz.s c^- 
4ed by Philip the Hardy ^FnoKc 
- to Pope Gregory the Xth, ia the 
Year 1273 ; the property of Avif- 
iioii, tthich is aiL arckbifiioprick^ 
was parchaied in the jear 1 m^, 
by Pepe dement tbe Ylth, from 
Jeaane Q^ti of Sicily, Counted 
•of Provence. It ww faid mpoti the 
present occaiion^ that the domi-- 
luont of the French Kingt being 
unalienable, they may at any time 
retake poffeffion of any part that 
was alienated, unlefs fecured by 
liathentic treaties between Sove^ 
reigns, C^drt as treaties of peace 01: 
•exchange* 

About the fame time that this re- 
aiTumption was made, a -treaty be- 
tween the court of France and the 
republic of Genoa waa publiihed ; 
and preparations were n\ade at An- 
tibes and Toulon for the embarka- 
tion of a coniidcrable body of troops 
to take pofleffion of the ifland of 
Corfica. This treaty our readers 
will fee in the State Papers of this 
volume. The principal Mpala- 
tions, befides the caflion of the 
ifland, are, that France is tomain-^ 
tain 16 battalions there; to pat 
the republic in poffcflion of the 
iiland of Capraia ; and to proteft 
her trade a^ainil the Coriican and 
Barbary cruizers. The republic 
is to have a right of refumptioftat 
any future time, upon paying the 
cYpences that France (hall be at in 
fapporting the iiland* 

in fome time after the French 



troops were landed to CorAca^ t 
declaration was publiihed by the 
King, explaining the motives of 
feibding them there. In thb ma- 
nifexlo the King declares, that he 
accepted the right of fovereignty 
in that koif dwa -tk« more wU- 
Jxiigly, ss he hoped to ^)te'rcife it 
merdy fdr the good of his new 
fvbje^s« Qrtut proAtifes are tfkade 
of the advantoges that will be 
granted td the C^ficant, if they 
iubfflit ^iktlf to be hi^ fttbjefts ; 
on whtch condition, the King ihys, 
* We will waieh over the profpe- 
rity, the glory, and happift^fs of 
oar dear people of Cornea in ge- 
neral, and oSf evety individual ^n 
partieukr, with the fentiments of 
a paternal heart.* The King how- 
ever concludes "with hoping, that 
tiKy wi}l not put him under a ne> 
ccifity of treating as rebels, thofe 
whom ht has adopted with fuch 
complacency among the number of 
ht8 f ubje^s. 

This is all which we have beeh 
able to coUed with regard to the 
Ibreign politics of France. In 
their domeilic affairs, they have 
not enjoyed the moft perfeft tran- 
quillity. 

An edi^ having been iflued b^ 
the King, by which fome new and 
extraordinary powers arc fuppofed 
to be transferred to the Great Coun- 
cil, and a confiderable change made 
in its original conllitution, thife 
meafure has been llrenuoufly op- 
pofcd by the Parliament of Paris ; 
in which it was feconded by mod 
of the others' in the kingdom. In 
the remonftrance made to *. 
the King by the former ^^^ '9- 
is the following parage : 

" Your Parliament, Sire, is not 
afraid on this head to remind 

your 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[47 



your Majefty of the ever-memor^e 
words which the firft Prelidcnt 
Harlay addreflcd to Henry III. in 
1586. Sire» {aid the magi&rate> we 
have two forts of laws ; one fort 
are the ordinances of our Kings, 
and thefe may be altered according 
'to difference of times and ciftam- 
(lances : The other fort are the or- 
dinances of the kingdom, which 
are inviolable, and by which yon 
afcend to the throne, and to the 
crown, which your predeceflbrs pre- 
ferved. Among thefe public laws, 
that is of the mod facred, and has 
been moft religioufly kept by your 

Eredeceflbrs, which orders, that no 
LW or ordinance fliall hd publifhed, 
but what is verified in this com- 
pany : they thought a violation of 
this law, was a violation of that by 
which they were made Kings/ 

The King's anfwer to this remon- 
ilrance not being fatisfaflory, ano- 
, I ther meeting of the Parlia- 
•' ^ ^' ment was held ; wherein 
it was propofcd to draw up repre- 
fcntations to the King, to ihew the 
evils that proceed from the ex- 
igence of the Grand Council in any 
form ; and that the Hates of tiie 
kingdom afTembled at Orleans and 
at plois had already. requeued its 
abolition. The refolution paiTed in 
this aflcmbly did not however an- 
fwer the end propofed in meeting ; 
and was only to apply to the King 
to prefciibe fome limits to the ju- 
rifdi^on of the Grand Council ; 
and to fecure his Parliaments, by 
a clear and precife law, againil the 
regulations of the letters patent 
which had been lately granted to 
it. This refolution was carrieda 
after great debates, only by a ma- 
jority of two voices, there being 
fixty-iix for it, a^ainft fixty-four, 
who were for utterly abolifhing this 



Council. All the Princes of the 
Blood were prefent at this Jiffemhly^ 
except the Count de Clermont, who 
was ill. The debates continued 
maoy hours ; and the firft MiniiUr^ 
the Duke de Choifeul, was there 
one of the firft, and continued to 
the laft. A noble i^ftance of fpiric 
and independence, that, in the ca- 
pital of an abfolute Monarchy a 
Parliament compofed only of Ad- 
vocates, in no degree the reprefea- 
tatives of the people, fhould afford 
fo fmall a majority to the courts 
on a queftion which ieemed rather 
moderate and healing, than fub* 
verfive of any right, and which was 
fupported in perfon by a powerful 
body of Princes, as well as by an 
over-grown Minifter. 

The Parliament of Touloufe were 
not fo moderate as tliat of Paris, 
but iffued an arret, bv which all 
perfons under its junididion are 
forbidden, under fevere penalties, 
to conform to any judgment pafTed 
by the Great Council ; and all fo- 
licitors and ferjeants are forbid, on 
pain of imprifonment, to pay any 
regard to its aft s. The affair feem't 
at prefent to reft in this fituation, 
and we do not hear of any thing 
farther being done on either fide. 

The badnefs of the late harvcils 
had occafioned provifions of all 
forts to bear an immoderate price : 
and corn in particular was not only 
very dear, but in general very bad, 
and the bread conrequerulvdifagree- 
able and unwholefome. The diftreircs 
of the people were exccfiive, and 
their complaints and murmurings 
became univcrfal. In fuch fituatioui-, 
all the world fancy themfeives in- 
genious in finding out the caufes of 
public calamities; and if any no- 
velties have been introduced, they 
alwayi come in for a great ihare of 

popular 






L 



48] 



ANNUAL RfiGIStlEft 



popolar obtain. It wvls Co apon this 
occafion ; and^ without any regard 
to the inflaence of fcafons, or to the 
will of heaven, the miferes of the 
. people were attributed to the eJids 
which the King had pafTed fome 
time ago, for the free importation 
and exportation of corn in all the 
ports, and an unlimited circulation 
of it through all the interior parts 
of the kingdom. It was in vain to 
fliew, that an unlimited circula- 
tion of the corn trade, both within 
the kingdom and without, was the 
only means to encourage agricul- 
ture, to promote commerce, and 
to remove all future apprehenfions 
offcarcity. The complaints were, 
nothwithftanding, vehement ; and 
the popular opinion was adopted 
by mod of the Parliaments in the 
kinedom. 

The remonflrance made upon 
this occafion, by the Chamber of 
Vacations of the Parliament of Nor- 
mandy to the King, may deferve 
notice ; not only on account of the 
remarkable terms in which they are 
conveyed, and the expreflive pic- 
tures they reprefent, but as a reproof 
to the exaggerated accounts that are 
fireqaently given here of the flou- 
riflungftate of that country. Thcfc 
gentlemeo fay, ' The courtier, who 
wallows in luxury, cannot figure to 
himfelf the horrors of indigence. 
Let him vifit the country; let him 
(urvey in oar towns the various fpec- 
tades of human mifery ; his deli«> 
cacy will (hndder at the objeds that 
will appear on all fides ; here a 
troopof handicraftfmen out of em- 
ployment, or incapable of provid- 
ing bv their labour, for the urgent 
neceffities of their families, who are 
perifliingwith hanger, becaufe they 
cannot reach the exceffive price of 



proviiions : On another ftde, wKdftf 
\iilages deiolated by the epidemi- 
cal difeafes, occaiioned by the bad 
quality of train, which the poor 
inhabitants nave been obliged to 
fubfiil on, for want of taczns td 
procure better.* , 

The King, notwithftanding the 
general outcry, would not repeal 
the Laws that had been paiTea in 
favour of the corn trade ; but the 
Parliament of Paris, tired of wait-i 
ing the tedious ilfue of remon- 
ftranccs, boldly intcrdifted the ex- 
portation of corn, till it fhould 
appear, that there was more id the 
country than the whole inhabitants 
could confume in twelve months. 
This the King for the prefent ac- 
quiefced in, and at the fame time 
took every method to alleviate the 
diftreiTes of the people. 

The principal attenion of the 
court of Spain, in refpef^ to do- 
meftic matters, feems this year to 
have been directed to the followins; 
points ; to the difpofing of the et^ 
Mis of the Jefuits, and the entirely 
weeding that order out of every 
parts of its dominions ; the circum- 
fcribing the power of the clergy in 
geneiai, and of the inquifition ia 
particular; and to the reforming 
both the dergv and the uni verities* 
To accompiifh thefe purpofes, a 
commiffion has been appointed by 
the King, at Madrid, to which five 
bilhopt are admitted ; who are not 
only to confider of the manner in 
which the cfie^s of the jefuits are 
to be difpofed of; but are alfo to 
take into confideratton the refor** 
mation of the clergy, and the pro- 
per methods of remedying the a- 
onfes that arc crept into the interior 
management of the monalleries. 
They arc alfo to confider of the pro- 

percft 



iPor the YEAR 1768. [49* 

pereft means for regaladng the ani- Tkut refornuitioii hi% commenced 
Tcrfidea of the kingdom* and put- in Spain. The aatherity of the 
ting tSicm on a better footing. Crown feeihs truly fovereign in ec^ 

Some critical points have been deiiailicai affairs; the clergy are 
prepofed to the Bifliops in general brought into full fubje^ion; and 
for their opinion : particularly as even the liberty of the prefs feems 
to a reform of the Secular and Re- tp have got the better of all cliurch 
gular Clorgy ; of the Ecclefiaftical reftraints ; and to be limited only 
Courts ; ofihe Umverfitiefl i as to hy the d vil authority^ No mean 
iBfriBgemeats on the Royal autho* point obtained for the caule of fci- 
rity ; a prohibition of appealing to ence and of literature. 
Rome»exc«ptinextiaordinarycafef; , With refped to the Jefuits, fuck 
of the Courts of fnquifition» and numbers ol them were broueht 
Brieft for laifing money; and a from the Spanifh Weft Indies, that 
reftriftion of Ecclefiaftical privi* feveral ftiips feemed to hav^ no 
IcM. other freight. Among thefe fome 

Theieywitkmanymoreofafimi* hundreds were faid to be brought 
lar tendency, were propoied to the Arom Paraguay; and that the inha^ 
Bifiiops; and wem fumciently ex* bitaatSywhowerefo greatly attached 
preffive of the temper and difpofi* to them, made no oppofitiooy though 
Hon of the court* The King alfo greatly concemea at their being 
lAied an ordinance, to regulate and carried awav. If this account is to 
reftrain the proccedingt of the In* be depended &, and it has not vet 
^uiition, in refned to the condem- been contradifled, there is an end of 
BatioB of booKs. By this ordi* that boafted commonwealth of the 
nance, before the prohibition of Jefuits> Yet if we conftder the op- 
any book written by a Roman Ca* poiition thefe people made upoa 
tholic of hnowA erudition, the pvt* other occafiops, waen the Je(Qit^ 
thor, if a native of Spain, is to be had forae terms to keep with the 
lieard in his own defence; but a crowns both ofSpaln and Portugal | 
foreigner is to have a fobftitmte ap* and if we recoiled the blind iub- 
p#inted to defend his caufe. The miflion they paid to thefe fathers ; 
circulation of a book or paper is it would ieem as if this account 
not to be* ftopped, under pretence were to be received with fome re- ' 
of the oeceffity of a lox^^ exami- ftridUon, at leaft till fome other 
nation ; but the page and firntence, particulars are gives, that maf 
where any reprenenftble expreffion lerve to explain it. 
occurs, is to be at once pointed out. The proceedings againft the Je« 
and immediately correded. Before foits ieeait however, not to be ex- 
any prohibition takes place, a mi- tremdy popular; and an incident 
nute of the proceedings is to be laid which happened this year, as it dif- 
before the Xing» who is to return coneerteo the Kin^ greatly at the 
his opinion. And no brief ot re* time, fo it ended m the total dif- • 
fcrij^t from the court of Rome, con- grace of Cardinal de Cordove, the 
ceming the Inquifttioo, although in Archbiihop of Toledo. The ELing 
relation onlyto exceptionable books, celebrated, as«fual, the feftival of 



u to be put in execution till the St. Charles, it being his name-day, 
**' ig ana Council give their kave. and, as is cuAonaiy upon that occa* 



50] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



i\on> appeared in the balcony at the 
front of the palace, to the people, 
who were ailembled in prodigious 
crowds to fee hiih. It isalfo cuftom- 
ary upon this occafion for the King 
to grant any general reqaeft or pe- 
ticion, that is made to him by the 
people ; but at this time, to the 
great furprize of the court, and to 
the utter confuAon of his Ma jefty, 
they unanimoufly, with one voice, 
detnanded the return of the Jefuits, 
and that they may have liberty to 
wear the habit of the Secular Clergy. 
It appears that the King has fmce 
had inforniation, that the Cardinal 
Archbifhop, and his Grand Vicar, 
were at the bottom' of this affair; 
accordingly they have both been dif- 
^aced, and baniihed the court. 

The King has made a grant to a 
company of French merchants, to 
authorize them to work the gold- 
mines in the province of Andalulia. 
This company has oontradted to car- 
ry on the work at its own expence, 
to pay into the treafury fix per cent, 
of the profits for the^rft two years, 
afterwards ten per cent, and, after 
a certain term, twenty. An engi- 
neer is already arrivea from France 



to carry on the work; where it Is 
faid 1 ,400,000 livres have been fub- 
fcribed to fupport it. Thoagh that 
province was once defervedly fa* 
mous for its gold mines; yet the 
fuccefs of fuch an enterprise at pre- 
fent is probably very doubtful. 

The King has alfo ifTued an or« 
dinance, to prohibit the importation 
of either printed or painted linens 
or cottons into any part of Spain* 
The defign of this prohibition u for 
tlfe encouragement of manufa^ories 
of printed cottons, that are to be 
ellablifhed in the provinces of Ca- 
talonia and Arragon. Whether it 
is a country that manufadlnres ane 
likely to lucceed in, and whether 
they are fuitable to the genius and 
difpofition of the people, ma^ per- 
haps be thought as problematical as 
the fuccefs in working the gold 
mines. Every attempt of the former 
kind is, however, very commenda- 
ble in all^govemments, and mav, ia 
that country particularly, without 
any extraordinary fuccefs, be ftill 
hiffhly afeful, by tendine to wear 
off in fome degree that habitual in- 
dolence, to which the people are f(» 
much difpofed. 



CHAP. VIII. 

• 

Italy. Pragtpatic Sanaion fmhlijbtd hy ihi Duke 0/ Parma. Pof<*s BrtefifueJ 
againfi the Duke. Exfrnifiom §f tht^efmts from Parma ; Md a declaration 
pmblijhed in amfwer to the Brief, Uebates in Rome about the Jefuits, Be- 
nevento and Corvo taken by the King of Naples* Jefuits expelled from the 
' JJIand of Malta, Unfuccefsful appLcations made^ to the Pope by the allied 
■ Powers, for the revoceuiftf of the Brief agoinft the Duke of Parma, Kinjg of 
Naples lays claim to Cafito and Rimciglione. Duke of Modena lays claim to 
the Dmcby of herrara. Militia raijed in the Ecciejaftical State, Regula- 
tions made by the Republic tf Venice, The bonified Jefuits exfelled from 
Corfica, Letter 'wrote by the Pontiff fo the Emprcfs i^en, Coerci*ve mea^ 
Jltres parjued by the court of iiaples^ in r^ard to the^ Ql^ipf\ 

^ I ^HE differences that have arifen. c^xtejifive^in j^heir confequences, and 

» J. between the Infaitt J>uke of prbdu<flivc* of fuch extraordinary 

Tarma and the Pope have been fo events, that they fccm tO'hate laid 

5 the 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[5^ 



ikt fcahdation for a n^w aera in the 
political fyftem. of Italy. It appears 
tkat the Ecdefiaflics of the Dutchy 
of Parma enjoyed the moft exorbi-' 
tanc privileges : that not only their 
own poiieffions and eire6^s were free 
from all taxes and impofls; but 
that, even when fold or alienated, 
under whatever title, or whatever 
denomination they were, they had 
ftill the fame excluiive exemption 
from contributing any thing to the 
esdgencies of the ftate. It is faid 
that the confequencesof this immu- 
nity became fb general, that the 
poblic revenues were reduced to a 
Tnere trifle, and the ibite to the 
greatcft diftrefs. 

In this (ituation, the government 
of the ilates of Parma have made 
feyeral applications to the Pope 
within this year or two, to concur 
with them in fome meafures for 
diminiihing and reducing within 
proper bounds thofe extraordinary 
privileges. Thefe applications be- 
ing entirely f^uitlefs, ihe Infant 
Duke determined to malce ufe of 
bis fovereign authority, and to re- 
move an evil fo detrimental to the 
ftate. He accordingly, in the begin- 
ning of the year, publifhed the re? 
markabIePragmaticSandion>which 
fully anfwered this purpofe. 

By this ordinance, no fubjefl be- 
longing to the Infant is to carry 
to Rome, or to any foreign Tribu- 
nal, any afiair of contention that 
may an(e iu his dominions. All his 
fubjeds are forbidden to have re^ 
courfe to foreign princes, govem- 
m^D, or tribunals,, as well with 
f efped to matters of intereft, as for 
ihe procuring within his ftate any 
benefice, or other ecclefiailical fa- 
vour. All benefices, as well for the 
cure of foub, as confiflorial and in 
coDunendam ; peniions, abbiei> dig- 



nities, or polls, which have any ju- 
rifdidlion within the Infant's terri- 
tories, are only to be pofTefTed by 
his own fubjefts, and with his per- 
miffion. And all writings, letters, 
fentences, decrees, bulls, briefs, &c. 
which (hall come from Rome, or 
any foreign country, are declared 
null and void. 

This ordinance ftruck fo diredlly 
at the foundations of the authority 
of the court of Rome> that it feemed 
reduced to the' dilemma,, either to 
oppofe the one, or to give up the 
other. The Pope accord- » 
ingly, a few days after, •'^^* ^^' 
iiTued a brief againft the' Duke of 
Parma ; in which he declares, on 
the authority of the bull' /> Coftui 
Domini, and others of the fame na->^ 
ture, that eccleiialtics are not fub- 
jed to any temporal power, or- laic 
jurifdidion; and that, feeing he 
had been guilty of an infringemedE 
of the immunities of the church, he 
had incurred thereby the excommu- 
nication denounced in the fali 
bulls ; that, unlefs he defifted from 
his raih ehterprize, he now gave 
him warning, that he ihould be 
obliged to interdid his territories* 
excommunicate his perfon, his mi- 
niftry, and all who fhould contri- 
bute to the execution of the ordi- 
nance in queftion. 

In this brief the Pope claimed the 
fovereignty of the Dutchy of Par- 
ma, and declared the Infant to be 
only his Feudatory. This was the 
more extraordinary, as any claims 
the See of Rome had upon that 
dutchy were given, up by former 
treaties of many years ibmding. If 
the title had been clear, it mi^ht 
alfo have been thought ill policy 
in the- Pope to have revived it at 
this jundinre, when he had neither 
force to fupport the claim> nor to 
[•£2] piotca 



>t 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



pfintet khwfelf ffom the confer 
qttencies of it. It it pdffible that it 
iftiffht have been done to bring the 
Buke of ?stim2if as Fendatory^ to the 
See tf Rcme, the more fally and 
oomprehenfi^oly within the penaU 
ties contained in thofe balls Which 
\teha^e already nfentioned. WhKt- 
ever the motive was^ it feemed to 
fting the Prinoes of that fami^r to 
the quick, and excited their indig- 
itetiofl in the hicheft degree : nor 
did it r«em well feUihed by any of 
tilt neighbouring Powers^ iifho pro* 
bably thought h too great an imcilt 
to Sovereignty . The fame day that 
tliis brief wsis t0ned» the Pope ot* 
dered the Bdll iVi Com Dmim to be 
Hxed up iri ail the pabHe places in' 
Rome. 

The^Popu's brief had (b little ef* 
fed upon tile edndttd of the eodrtf 
of Pdrmu^ that* ih a few days after 



Feb. 7. 



ti WAS pubHflied> all the 
Jefuits in that go'vermhent 
were feiiKed upon at the fctme houf 
in the ttighti ahd expelled from the 
Ddke'i territories, withoiit the 
lin^Heft dHlarbance. The different 
parties who feized theie fathef s had 
a genefal place of rende^toita ap« 
pointed, where they all met with 
their prifonet^, ft-om whence they 
marched itl a body, and C0ndu^e4 
them to the confines 6f the Ecele« 
iilftical State* inhere they were dif- 
charged. An ediA was iiibed Hht 
next day, \#hteh declared the pro* 
fbription of the order, and prohi- 
bited their ever returning ag^in 
intd the Duke^s dominions, eveil 
though they fhould be abfolved from 
their vows ; nor are they allowed to 
travel or pafs through any part of 
hk territories, under any pretence 
of bufinefs or otherwife^ The whole 
number ex|)eUed amounted to i6o> 
of whom about fixty were tht 



Duke's febjefts 9 to fueh of thei* 
at were prieib he allowed yorRo^ 
man crowns si-year for their Hves, 
*and 40 t6 the lay brothen ; they 
had fix Boehhtt a^piece given them^ 
when the guard difmiiled them on 
the road to Bologna. Direftiona 
were at the fame time given lor re-* 
gnlacing the places of public edu- 
catioHiaad new profeflbrsapj^ointed 
to fill vp the departments that had 
been Oeoopied tn than by the Je-> 
fuiti. 

The foUowinr fingular declara-^ 
tion was foon anerwurds pubtilbed 
at Patma» in oonfcquence of tht 
Pope's brief: < A certain writings 
in form of a bull from Rome, h«e 
Come xm our knowledge here; but 
ai the etpr^flions tki maxims th«re« 
in tonubed could not prodeejl 
firom a PdntiflFfb holy, fo enUghten-^ 
ed> and fo figecioes^ as it the pre^ 
fent reigntnt Pope» the InfantDuko 
hlth brdcren all his fubje^ to be<& 
}ieve> thtt in efftA this piece doth 
ftot cbme froM his HoHnels; en^ 
joining them, git (he fcitie time, nofc 
to fail m rc^MA townrds him( and 
forbiddiiig oieih to moleft^ on that 
account, any of thfe fubje^ of IK4 
court of Rome.^ 

tn the meam time difputN raft 
high in Rome itfblf about the Je^ 
fttiu; ahd at a Cong^egationr held 
exprefsly to ctinftder of their ef^ 
fairs, at which the Pope and nin^ 
Cardinals affifted, there were rerf 
warm debate upon the ()t»e(Hoot 
' Whether it was proper, in thd 
prcfent circumlbuices> entirelv t# 
abolidi the Society Of Jefukkf* 
Cardinal Cavalchim, Dean of thft 
Sacred College, b faid to have aA> 
ferted, that all the frefli troubles 
which liad befaUen the Holy See. 
were to be attributed to the excef- 
-five diffiitkfa^on which was ex^ 

preiTcd 



For the TEAR 176*. {53* 

mlfed tawards the covrts of thatcouit, all the chambers being 
verftlUes and Madrid^ at the aflfembled, rcQoWed, That it was 
txttndio|i of Hie fociety in tkeir ilk^, and dejr<^atory to the Ikk 
dofninioiis, and whkh he theft nmir of ail fovereign pofvers, and 
fbrefaw, and, though ineife^iially, pught therefore Co be Uiofxtffcd, 
• warned againft. He then fet forth As misfortunes ielaom cone 
the iacoavemeneies of fayporting ^ngle, fo it was ^ow tiieiateof 
a bodyj which fo many refpe^laUe that court which had fo Igi^g jdo- 
powers in Europe had judged in- mineoixd over the Weflern world, 
capable of performing the duties that almoft every day prodoced 
<>f citizens; and eonduded, that it fome new nortification tp it! The 
was abfolutely neceflary to proceed profcription of the Jefnits from the 
to the entire abolition of the fo- ifland of Malta^ the expuJIion of 
ciety. Cardinal Su>ppani ftronglr one religious order by another, waa 
backed this opiniont which Was ftill referved to crown the di^race 
nlfb Cipported by two other Car- of that fociety, and to add new 
dinals; but the other 4ive>amongft vexation to the protedor of it. 
whom were the Cardinals Rezzo- The reafons given lor this . 
nico and Torregiani, vigoroufly ineaf«re by the Grand ^V^' f^* 
oppoied it. The Pope, who 'Mailer, in the edict pubtiihed upon 
feemed wavering, took at kft the the occafion^ are, that Mika, which 
^bonger fide ; and it was refolved, ^merly belonged ^o t^ ifiand cf 
fcy a majority of votes, to Support Sicily, was bellowed 4iiioft their 
as much as poffible the expiring order by the £mperor, Charles V.; 
foeiety. It was at the fame time that, in ifni nation of their an* 
refdved, to %ifTiteto all the Roman oeftors, the order would not omit 
Catholic powers, to intercede for any opportunity of 4hewf ng their 
thofe peHecttted fathers, and to -gratitude to the King pf Sicily ; 
entreat their cpmpafion towards and that his prefent IVfajefty hav-» 
tftiem. ixig iignified that he had expelled 

The brief agatnft the Duke of the Jeifuits from his domtnioas for 
Parmn was no Sooner commnnio very great crimes of ^ate, and alfo 
eated to the courts that ire pe* required them to baniih them from 
<uliarly interefted in the aflPairs their iflands, they were obliged, 
of that Priftce, ^than ifhey ibewed in conformity to their t}Oimant 
the bigheft refeHtment iK it. The pra^ice and principles, to comply 
King of Naples, however, being therewith. 

the neareft, gave the firft efl^dual An application , was Jointly 
proofs of it, by fending a body of fiiade, hy the miniflers of France^ 
Mar h ir *^^ ^^ ^^* troops^ to Spain, and Vienna, for the revo- 
^•MTcnij* ^^j^^ poflefion of Be- cation of the brief agiainft the 
nevento and Pontc Corvo ; both Duke of Parma. The Pope, how- 
of which places, though lying ever, refufed to grant them a joint 
in the kingdom of Naples, be- audience, on preteoce of the dif- 
longed to the .Pope. In the mean ferent ceremonials to be obferved ; 
time, the brief having been an- aecording to which, one of them^ 
jounced tp the Parliament of Paris, being a Cardinal, muft have leave 

[•5 3] to 



•54] ANNUAL REGISTER 

• 

to fit dawn; another , not harin? it was not the cuftora of the Holy 

mnde his entry, muft ftand; and See to revoke its judgments, which 

the third, having no charadler, were never pafled till after the moft 

mufb be upon his knees. To obviate matcire deliberation, and always 

thefe difficulties, they agreed among with the afliflance of the Holy 

tJiemfelves, that the Spaniih Mi- Ghod.* He had no fooner done 

nifler ihould reprefent all, and de- fpeaking, than he gave the fignal 

Ma I ^^^ ^^ ^^' Holinefs the to open the door, and the Minifltr 

^ ^' memorials of their re- withdrew. 

fpeftive courts. The Pope, with^ . Upon the ill fuccefs of this 

out giving him time to expatiate audience, the Kijig of Naples laid 

on the fubjed of thefe memorials, c^im to the dut<^ies of Caflro 

afked if they contained any thing and Ronciglione, and aiTemblcd 

more than a reprefentation to him, his troops in great numbers upon 

to induce him to revoke the brief the frontiers of the Ecclefiadical 

he had iflocd relative to the Duke ilate. The court of Naples alfo 

of Parma; the Ambailador replied, iiTued an edi6l to profcribe the 

that was the only fubjed of them, brief againfl the Duke of Parma, 

The PontiflF then faid, * That he in which it is not only declared 

was determined not to betray his fpurious, and the people are forbid 

confcience, in retracing a faee and to give any credit to it ; but the 

juH meafure, which he could not bull in Cana Domini is alfo fup- 

have any longer delayed without preffed, and declared illegal. This 

violating the canons and ecclefiafti- edid 4^clares, that the Pope is only 

cal rites, as well as the paftoral duty the Premier among the Bifliops ; 

with which he was invefted. The that he hath lefs authority than 

menace of invading our dominions the Univerfal Council ; and that 

with an armed force is unneceflary ; he has no dire^ jurifdidion ovet 

for, even if we had troops fufficient .the fubje£U of other Princes. 

to defend them, we would not When the King of Naples firll took 

make ufe of them. As the com- pofleflion of Ponte Corvo, it was 

mon father of the faithful I would taken for granted, that as it was 

not go to wiir even with any^Chrif- only an aft done in confequence of 

tian Princes, much lefs with the thefe differences, when they were 

Catholicks. The Princes ought terminated it would be delivered up 

not, on this account, to fall upon a^ain ; but he now publiflied an 

my fubjefls, who are not concerned edi A which overthrew that opinion^ 

in the affiur ; but if their aim is and in which he declared his refo- 

againil my perfon, and they will lution to annex that territor]^ en« 

even drive me away from Rome, tirely to his dominions. 
we declare, that, after the example The King of Portugal now em- 

of our predeceifors, we will go barked openly in all the meafures 

into exile wherever they think pro- taken by the Princes of the 

per, rather than betray the intereft Houfe of Bourbon, and fent a 

of religion and of the church.' Minifler accordingly to Rome, 

To this his Holinefs added, ' that with orders to make theirs a 

commoa 



For the Y E A R 1 768. [55* 

commoA ciiife« and to confort with, iflued by the Duke of Partna> by 

thdr Minifters opon every occa- which the eflates of the clergy in 

fioQ« The repoblic of Venice his dominions were made fubjefl 

alfo fent a memorial to the Pope, to the fame impofts with thofe of 

ia which it was flrongly folicited his other fubjeds. The Duke 

to reroJce the brief againfl the foon after gave notice to the Am- 

Dake of Parma. This folicitation guilines of Spjlimberto, the Con- 

from that quarter afFe£led the Pon- ventuals of Final, and the Friars 

tif greatly; and he iaid in anfwer, pf Nonantola, to quit his domi- 

that the brief had been greatly nions in three days; and the inha- 

niioterpretedy and he faw with bitants of fixteen other convents 

meapreflible grief, that, among the were threatened with the fame 

■eotral powers, the republic of fate. The court of Rome having 

Venice was the firft.that took part interfered upon the taking of the(e 

in an alfair that did not in the leafl meafures, the Duke revived an' 

concern her. old claim upon the dutchy of 

The rage againft the Jefuits Ferrara, which formerly belonged 
did not ceafe with their own ex- to the houfe of £fte, of which he 
iAence, it continued to perfecute is a defcendant; but which long 
even their works; and moft of polTeflion and feveral treaties had 
the powers engaged in the prefent confirmed to the Popes. The 
difputes iflued edi^ to forbid Duke, to fupport his prctenfions^ 
the bookfellers from keeping or began to levy forces, and form ma- 
felling any boojc ^written by a gazines; and at the fame time ap- 
Jefoit, even though confined to plied to the court of Vienna, that 
the mathematics, or any other it may iife its interejb tp procure 
fcientific fubje^l. Almoft all the him the quiet pofieffion of that 
powers in. Italy were employed, dutchy, and thereby prevent the 
either in refbaining the eccleii- difagreeable confequences of a war 
atical authority, or in making with the Holy See. 
ftrid and mimite enquiries into the Though the refolution of the 
eftates of the clergy, their titles. Pontiff was proof againft thofe try- 
aid the time and manner of coming ing events, yet they affe^led him 
by them. Many reflridlions were fo fenfiblv, that his health funk 
alio laid upon the different orders daily in the confli£t, and his phy- 
in refped to the manner of admit- ficians became of opinion that he 
ting noviciates, and the number could not long withHand the (hock, 
of them they were allowed to take As all other means feemed now in- 
ia. effcflual, it was at length thought 

The Duke of Modena thought prooer to put jthe Ecclenaflical date 

this a good opportunity, not only id iome poflure of defence ; efpeci- 

to leflen the power of the clergy ally on the fide of Modena, where, 

in hu own dominions, but to lay as the coiiteft would be more equal, 

claim to fome of the papal ter- it may not be. entirely ufelefs. To 

ritofies to which he pretepded a this pnrpofe all the militia in the 

II right. He firft began legation of Urbino, to the amount 

^"^ • by publifhing an edift of 6000, were put under arms ; and 

ia fome degree fizpilar to that ^t garrifon of Fort Urbin, on the 

\*E 4] frontiers 



'56] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



frontifnof Modena, was reiaforced 
by the militia of Ravenna. An 
odd accident happened upon this 
pccafion at Faenza, from whence 
the men were obliged to marph to 
join the m}Iitia : The women be- 
ing enraged at the lofs of their huf* 
bands, and attributing their own 
private calamities, as well as thpfe 
of the public, to the Jefuits, thev 
aiTfmbled in ^reat crowds^ and, 
being armed with torches, marched 
in a body to fet fire to the convent 
belonging to that fociety, in which 
Mterprize they were near fucceed- 
Ing, hiving already thrown feveral 
eombuMbles into the windows, 
when the BiAipp of that city, with 
{reat difficulty, appeafed their fur^. 

Thp French AnbafTador deli- 
vered a memorial at Rome, where- 
in he required that Cardinal Tor- 
tegiani and ihe Nuncio at Paris 
fiiouid dcBil frpm writing to each 
6ther, other wife that theu letters 
ihouid be ftopt at the poft-office. 
c. . The Minifler from the 

^P^y K.ofNanlesalfo declared 
to the Sacred Coijege, That in two 
months the King his'maftcr would 
jend commiiTii |cs, fupported by 
troops, to take pofieffion of the 
dutchie ctCs^dro and Ronciglione, 
Which he coniidcred as ill^galy 
difmembered from bis dominions. 
As theT dutchirs extend almoft to 
t^e gates of Rom**, nothing could 
embarafs thai court equal to an 
attempt of this nature; but, unlef^ 
the Kin^ of Napes effeAed a iotnA 
ccnqi eft of the whole pspal territa- 
ri s, it (cTtm difficult to conceive 
how he cou.d fupport troops in 
thofe dutchies, which He in the 
centre f the in. 

The republic of Venice ifow 
bcga . to ta1ce example by the 
neigh onring powen^ and to 

i 



make feveral new regulatiottt fai 
regard to the exer<:;fe of the ec* 
oleftaftical jurifdiftion in their do* 
minions. The Pontiff, notwith- 
landing the troubles that ^tmtd 
ready to overwhelm him, oppoieji 
thoft innovations with all the viw 
gour of a young warrior i and his 
remonftrances were delivered ia 
the higheft tone of church autho* 
rity. Neither the vigour exerted, 
nor the authority iwumed, ha4 
apy effe€t upon the conduA of the 
Senate, who Readily purfued the 
fyftem they had propofed. The 
Bifliop of srefcia was however fp 
difgufted with thefe regulations, 
that he not only refafcd to obey 
the tpnndates iifued by the Senate, 
bpt alfo quitted the country, and 
retired to Ferrjira. 1'his condaCt 
was the more extraordinary, a^ 
his biOioprick "t^^ computed to be 
^orth twenty thpufaud poundi 
ilerling a year. The Senate imr 
mediately Ufued an order to con- 
fifcate his HkCts ; and decreed, 
that, if he did not return within a 
limited time, and fubmit to theif 
mandates^ he (houki coatimic aa 
exile for life, and his rewnaes 6t 
forfeited. 

. Thir fecond bamftment of tiie 
Spanifh Jefuiti, who were DO\f 
e^pdled by the French fron the 
ifland of Corfica, added new 
affliaion to the Pontitf', and le* 
creafed th*>fe difficulties which al* 
ready feemed infurmountable. le 
the beginning of OQober, above 
t^o tli^uiamd of thofe tnif^raUe 
fugitives were landed withia ten 
days in the territories of Genoe« 
The fmalleefs of tht vtfTels in 
Hf^hich theV were convcytJ, the 
rrcaft namoer of them ciowied on 
board, who were oS!iged to lie one 
ipon the other on thf decka, and 

the 



For the TEAR 176S. 



Uf 



thr iaMkoAlt heat of ihe wea- 
tlirr» wkkk was then iofolerahle 
aU 9fmr Italy } all iktb thiags, 
jniagfi t« t)mr want of the noft 
<vimon n«ccfiari€t» made them 
fntk Hring examples of human 
mii^» as are felttom to be met 
with. In this condition they were 
drxwn through Italy towatds the 
hofiden' of the EccleQaftical (hue. 
When they arrived on the froni* 
licra of the territories of Pafma 
hfodena» thoTe Princes, from 
rtreme refinement of politics, 
aieAed to be afraid that a fet of 
naked » nnarmed, and exhanfted 
wretches, fliould travel in bodies 
throngh their dominions ; and 
they were accordingly conduced 
in finnll parties, and with great 
appearance of cantion. Notwith- 
landtag this ftaie funce, their mi- 
Cerahle plight and' appearance, 
having Icarcdy any etoaths, and< 
being dtftitiitie mi ettry thing, 
encim the compdSon of thefe 
Princes, and they fnppUed them 
with carriages and lodging in 
their pndge. Thos at kn^ th did 
thefii nnw^ctMne and hated goefls 
irrire in the Ecckfiafttcal flate, in 
9wvrf part of which their baoiihed 
hcethcen nheady firarmed, and 
whciw the peopie beheld them wkh 
horror, as the caniie of ail their ca^ 



NegociatnH were carried on at 
Home, betw ee n the mioidert rf 
the allied powers and the cardinal 
Negroni, die aew Secretary of fhac» 
who Ihcceeded Cardyud Torregi** 
not, the grent jncron of the Je* 
'^ in that oftce. Thcfe -^^ 



ns were withoot any eftd* 

as thnfe powers infiftdd, that naC 
pnly the rrvocacion of die b. kf 

Emi tbe Dake of Pama, hwt 
lhe aocal anntuiatioo of 



order of Jefutts, nmt be 
down as the preliminary articles of 
any accommodation. The Pope 
wrote a moft pathetic and homi* 
liadag letter to the Qgeen of Hun- 
gary ; in which he begged in the 
mo^ fappUcating terms, that (he 
wonld ufe her mediation in regard 
to the differences that were arifen 
between him and the Houfe of 
Bonrbon. Among other remark- 
able expreflions in this letter, the 
Pope makes ufe of the following z 
* We refpeft the hands of thmc 
Sovereigns, by whom God otnr 
correds, ^ifics, and humbles as; 
and, though it were in our power 
to repel force by force, we ihoold 
neverthelefs prefer hnroiliation to 
a trinmph, beinr conviaced that 
the piety of hfcnarclK is our 
ftrength» and that our beft arms 
are tears and prayers. Our whole 
defence is in the hands of God, 
who icibens and moves the hearts 
of Princes.' Snch and (6 diffinrent 
is the kngaagcof a modem Bifliop 
of Rome, from that held by the 
Popes his predecenors. 

Dnring thefe traniaftions, tbt 
moftcc^rcive meafures wer^ pnr* 
fned in Naples, for entirely' redoc* 
ing the pow^ and lefiening the 
numbers of the clergy. An cdi6t 
wan ifliied, by which the powess 
that were nfiially exercifed by the 
Pope's Nnncto were entirely taken 
away, and his anthori t y traotfnrred 
to the Ircnbr judges and magif* 
traees. The eflates of the jemitt 
wttt declared efcheatcd to the 
royal treafary, as being acquired 
at the expence of many private 
peiionsr and tlienr phite was fent 
to the mint; the ftrideft fearch 
was made both in Naples and Sh- 
city Est tlicir effe6h» aod a cook 
imifion appointed especially for that 

purpofe. 



♦58] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



^rpofe. The court, being deter* 
mined to leflen tlie number of mo^ 
nafteries, ordered a ftri£t inquifi- 
tioa to be made into their eftates 
and revenoes ; after which, all the 
lefier ones were fupprefled, and it 
wai forbid to make vows, or to take 
the habit, in any religions order 
whatfoevcr. 

A printed petition, which was 
delivered to tne King, and after- 
wards publilhed, may (hew pretty 
clearly the views of the govern- 
ment. The dedgn of this pcti- 
Cion was to engage the King to 



re*ttnite to the crovm the riffkt of 
patronage over all the churches of 
the kinfi^dom, which were poflefled 
of royal £efs or eftates.. Immedi- 
ately after, an ample memorial 
was publiihed, to jafti^ the fnfo* 
je£l«matter of the petition, and to 
prove the King's abfolate right to 
make this rei^mption. -The mat- 
ter of the petition is to be laid be- 
fore the junto of abuses ; and it is 
probable that the King will find an 
opportunity to feize onmoft of the 
.abbey-hinds in the kingdom. 



C H A P. DC. 

Cwrjtca. ConduS of the French frrvions to the inwfion. Engafemenit he* 
injoeen Baftia and Fiorenx9. Hbe communication opened bet«ween the/e places* 
Fnrimm andfe<veral other places taktn. French in*¥ade Cafinca ; are ohliged 
to repafs the Golo *wiih lofs. M. Be Grand Maifonfacks Oletta ; is attacked 
hy the Corficans at Murato ; ohliged to dejert bis camp at nighty and retire tn 
Oletta. French hejieged in Borgo ; ilf . De Chan^velin ntarches to their relief, 
is defeated hy the Corficans. Garrifon of Borgo fnrrender prifoners of 'war. 
IneffeQual attempts of the French upon Pietra and Ifola RoJJfa. 



SOME circumftances which 'at- 
tended the invalion of the ifland 
of Corfica by the French feemed 
to add to the cruelty, if not the 
injuAice, ofthataft. France had 
made herfelf a mediator to bring 
about a peace between the repub- 
lic of Genoa and the Corficans. 
After a confiderable time fpent 
in negociation, the republic broke 
off, without agreeing to thofe con- 
ditions which It appeared the court 
of France at that time thought 
equitable. A new plan of accom- 
modation was then propofed by 
that court ; at the bafis of which, 
the republic was to retain the title 
of King of Corftca ; the Corficans 
were to pay homage for their ter- 
ritories, in the fame manner that 



the King of the Sicilies does to the 
See of Rome for the kingdom of 
Naples; and the Genoefe were 
fiill to keep fome of the maritime 
places in their poflefiion. As the 
Corficans paid great attention to 
the mediation of fo powerful and 
dangerous a neighbour, a general 
meeting of the whole nation was 
held, to confider of thefe articles. 
At this meetin^^ the two firft arti- 
cles were unanimoufly agreed to ; 
the third was objeded to, becaufe 
thofe places could be of no poffible 
advanuge to the Genoefe as friends, 
And, as the keeping of tlvem would 
be attended with a great e^pence, 
it could proceed from no other 
motive than a defign to make fu- 
ture attempts upon the liberties of 

the 



For the YEA.R 1768. 



[59* 



tlie fOanders. The article was ac* 
cordingly qualified in fuch a'man* 
nexj that the republic ihould fup- 
port its dignity without prejudice to 
itsintere^, and at the fame time 
the fafcty of the Corficans be fe- 
cored. The court of France ac- 
knowledeed the article in thi^ ibte 
to be equitable to both parties, and 
proper tobrin^ about the wifhed-for 
reconciliation. 

In this train was the negociation, 
when the Spanifh Jefuits were re- 
ceived by tne Genoefe in Corfica, 
at which France feemed to take 
umbrage, and withdrew' its troops 
from the ports into which they had 
been adniitted. The Corficans 
fiw the advantage, and immedi- 
ately prepared to make ufe of it. 
Tkey had already taken the city 
of Ajaccio; the citadel was npon 
the point of falling into their hands, 
and the fortrcflea of Calvi and Al- 
gagUola, would Toon have followed ; 
^neo, upon the application of the 
court of France, the Corficans, in 
deference to that mediatlon,thought 
proper to forego their advantages. 
General Paoli received a letter 
fiom the French Miniller, wrote by 
ordrr of the King, in which it was 
dcfircd that he would fufpend all 
MlUties againd thofe places, and 
to confidcr them in a date .of neu- 
trality, as if ftill garrifoned by the 
French troops, until the expiration 
of the four years treaty concluded 
tt ith Genoa, when they were to be 
I varcly withdrawn from the ifland. 
Ttit Cvcneral was alfo aflured, that, 
if a peace was not at that time 
coiKluded^ the Corficans (hould be 
Icf: at fall liberty to affert their 
rights. 

The aft of negotiating a treaty 
jOf peace between the republic and 



the Corficans feems^to be a tacit 

acknowledgment from France, that < 
ihe then oonfidered the. latter as a 
difiinft, and in a great meafure an 
independent people. No obferva- 
tion, as it mult ilrike every mind» 
need be made on the nnfair and in- 
equitable conduft, by which, under 
thie fanftion of friendfhip and medi- 
ation, fhe prevented the Corficans 
from making a proper ufe of tlie 
opportunities that ottered fo muck 
in their favour, and then ihfidioufly 
converted their condefcenfion to her 
own advantage, and armed the ef* 
fe6U of it afgainft themfelves. 

As foon as the treaty between 
France and Genoa was pub1?(hed, 
and the invafion of that ifland re- 
mained no longer doubtful, a gene- 
ral meeting of the Corfican nadon 
was held at Corte, where, after m 
fpirited fpeech made by the Chief 
Paoli, it was detetmined to defend 
their liberties to the utmoft. At the 
fame time it was concluded, not to 
aft offenfively a^ainll fhe French/ 
but to wait their operations ; and 
the inhabitants were forbid, on pain 
of death, to furnifh any of the places 
they occupied with provifions. 

In the mean time about twenty . 
battalions of French troops, bc- 
fides the Royal leeion and fome 
miqnelets, were landed on the 
ifland ; and on the 2i.th of June 
they hoifled their fiandard on the 
walls of Ba(Ua, as a fignal of their 
taking poflefiion of it ; after which 
Te D£um was fung, the cannon on 
the ramparts difchargcd*. the arms 
of the republic taken down, and 
thofe of the French King put up 
in their place. Two encampments 
were formed in the month of July, 
one at Bailia, where the Count de 
Marbenf commanded, which con- 
fined 



Ho] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



fitted df aibMt fooo foot, ttaA ft 
cofifidertble body of horfe ; the 
ether ftC San Fiortnzo, where 
riefd Marikd De Grand Maifen 
commanded y andconfifted of 2500 
FfCfich and Swifs foot. Thefe 
two places lie on the oppoiite 
fhores of the ifland ; Baftia^ which 
it the capitody being on the eaftem, 
and 8. Fiorenzo on the weften^ 
fide. They are fittiated at the 
eirtrance from the reft of ch^ 
idand into the peninfala, the 
nrater part of which is Jbiown 
by the name of Cape Corfe^ and 
are diftant from each other about 
three kagoesy bcin^ the whole 
breadth of the peninfnia. The 
country between thefe two Olaces 
is rocky, monntahioasy and fall 
•f dificolt paffes and ddBfles. Here 
the Corficans had a nnmber of 
fmiUl poft^ in very advantageoos 
litoations, fo that there was no 
comifranication open by land be- 
tween the two camps, except bv 
their permraion. There were alio 
about ajoo French and Ger/nan 
troops in Calvi, Ajaccio, and Al*- 
gagliola ; bat as they were a good 
deal oat of the Hne of aAit>n, they 
bad no great ihare in the facceed- 
ing events* 

Abovt a mile and a half fron\ 
the camp at Fiorenzo, was an emi- 
nence wmch afforded great plenty 
of excellent water ; this poft was 
in pofleffion of the Corficans, who 
kept a fmall guard there ; but, as 
BO hoftilities had as yet commenc- 
ed, the French were allowed the 
life of the water, and conveyed it 
to their camp as they wanted. 
Ther however thoa|;ht proper in 
tiK latter end of July to attack 
thb pot, and itn officer and 500 
,mcn beat away, not wit hotrt aeon - 
'fierable oppoiition, about 20 Cor- 



itcan9 who defended it. The 
French immediately fot^'ficd them«> 
felves, imd were Ibrei^tjifned by a 
reinforcement from the camp ; bot 
were notwidiftandiow furpri jed tbe 
following ^ght by the neighboor- 
ing Corficans, who%i Jled a confider** 
9Me number, took almoft all their 
arms, and i^ecovecied the pott* 

The next day the. Corficari pofta 
were ^ttacked^ 9S wefh dn the €de 
of Baftia as that of 6. Fiorenao ; 
and a foccefive courfc of epgage^ 
tn^ts began, which continued for 
three davi among the hills sltA 
defiles. Every foot of the ground 
was difp0ted with ^reat obmnaey> 
and the French and Swifs on the 
fide of Fiorenao were at frft re- 
polfed with a very conitderable lofs. 
At length the advantages of horfe» 
artillery, and mnmbenb had their 
effcft ; and the thitd day a ^ , 
all the Corfican poffcT ^"8- «• 
were forced, and the communica*- 
tion between the two places efta^ 
blifhed. 

In thefe d iffe re nt engagementa 
the French took feven redoubts^ 
and became mailers of the villages 
of Patrimonio and Barbaggio, aa 
well as of feveral other difficult 
and well- defended polls, which 
^ere only of importance upon this 
occafu>n. They loft a great num- 
ber of men in thefe attacks ; and 
the three regiments of Soiflpnois, 
ilovergne, and Languedoc, in par« 
ticnlar« fuffcred a prodigious !ofs 
both in men and officers. The 
Corficans alfo loft a great many 
men, among whom were fome o€ 
their moft gallant officers. Thf y 
^ave upon this occafion feveral 
inflances of the moft determined 
refolution, and of a^^ valour that 
Tofc 'even to defperation.. An-err- 
trenchmenc, after bcixl^ a loDg 

time 



For the YEAH 1768, 



[*^5 



bpcn between BafHa and St. Fio- 
KQzo They, however, in the 
month of November, embarked 
a coo^erabie body of forces on 
board thirteen tranfports, which 
were fupported by fcvcral men of 
war and armed vefiels, in order 
to reduce fome fortified iflands 
belonging to the Corficans. Their 
M attempt was upon the little 
tflind of Pictra, where, though they 
made good their landing, they 
were notw^th^nding llrangely re- 
pttMcd by a fmall garnfon coniiiHng 
of ooly fwo hundred and fifty men. 
From theoce they failed to Ifola 
ito&, which feems to have been 
the principal object of this expedi- 
tioj, as tht Corficansj who de- 



pended on its fecurity, made it It 
place of arms, and kept their ma« 
gazines there. Here every thing 
leemed at firft to promife fuccefs. 
The French effefte«i a landing, and 
drove the Corficans from fevcral 
of their polls ; • but, when the. firft 
furprize was over, they returned 
bravely to the charge, and not on- 
ly recovered the ground they had 
loll, but drove the enemy with 
^reat flaughter to their ilups. It 
is faid, the French tod upon this 
occafion nine hundred men, in 
killed, wounded, and prisoners ; 
and this naval enterprize was at-^ 
tended with as little honour or 
fuccefs, as thofe which they had 
hitherto undertaken by land. 



C H A P. X. 

a 

f^ar m India. Hjder Aly and tht Ni%am defeated ly Colonel Smith* Peac9 
c*m<Uded *witb the Nixam, ji fqmadron fitted out at Eitmhay ; Mangedore 
tMMem, and Hyder Aly* s Jbips feized Great diffatisfa^Hon fxcited By the ne^vf. 
laixisfitr imp^fing duties in the Colonies. Bojhn rejhlutiortt. Circular Utters 
Jem by the AJfemhly. Secretary of State appointed for tbiCoLnies. A requi' 
fiti%m made to tht ufw AJfemhly. Anftjuers to the Secretary of State^r lettor, 
and to the meJffagesfroM the Gcuernor, fbe AJfembly dij/olved. Difturbances 
cmtfcd by the feizMre of afioop. The Commijfiontrs if the Cuftoms retire to 
Ca^le H^iUicm. Proceedings of the To^n-mieting \ of the Committee of Com* 
^AHtioM. Troops andflfips oftwar cur ive from Halifax and Ireland. 



SUCH is the condition of a^airs 
upon the continent. The war 
ia Polaud, from diilance of (itua- 
tioa and remotenefs of interefl, can 
luve little immediate effect upon 
^iiii country. Our minds are more 
ftroftgty attracted by domeftic con- 
cerns. The great and growing 
ftate of our Colonies in North 
America ; the unhappy conten- 
tioa which has arifcn between* the 
turthcr country and the colonies ; 
»ic vaU extent of the empire ac- 
Vou XL 



ouired in India* and the various 
dircuflions which have arifen upoa 
that fubjcd between the Oriental 
Powers and the Eaft India Com* 
pany, and between that Company 
and the Englilh Government, af- 
f )rd fufficient matter to engage all 
our care and prudence, without 
looking for further employment ia 
foreign politics than evident ne- 
ceility (hall exafk. With regard 
to India, the breaking out of a 
new war in that quarter has made 
[•/•] no 



•62] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



their dominion, in confeqwuoe of 
which, about two tho«fand of their 
troops were fent acrofs the Golo, 
who made themfelves mafters of 
feveral pUces, and threatened to 
fubdoe the whole territory. Upon 
this inttlligence. General Paoli, 
who was oppofing the attempts of 
the French in the pr6vince of Neb- 
bio» immediately marched to the 
relief of CaGnca. He found the 
enemy in pofTeffion of the principal 
places in the diUri^, and imme* 
diately attacked a party of them 

Sent I ^^^ ^^^^ ftationed at La 
^ • * Pcntc, which is looked 
upon as one of the flrongeft pods 
In the iiland. This the Corficaos 
carried Avord in hand^ and made 
the greater part of the detachment 
prifoners. Several others of their 
poils were attacked about the fame 
time ; and the French being at a 
confiderable diftance from Baftia* 
and fenlible of the vigour with 
which they were every where af- 
faulted, called in their out-pofb, 
and retreated towards the Golo. 
In this retreat they were clofely 
purfucd by the Coriicans, who fur- 
prized and beat up their quarters 
alraolb every night ; and at the 
.pailagc of the Golo they were at- 
tacked with great fury by Clement 
Paoli, the CkneraPs brother, and 
a confiderable (laughter was made 
on both fides. They however made 
their retreat good acrofs the river, 
having led in this expedition four 
piecrs of artillery. 

While Paoli was engaged in 
Caiin^a, M. De Grand Maifon 
made a confiderable progrefs in 
the Nebbio, where, with a body 
of about 2400 flicii, he took and 
facked Olctta, and fomr other 
places. He then fixed- his head 
I quarters, "t \iurato, winch hr for- 



tified with fome pieces of ctnnon^ 
and placed his hofpital, part of his 
b&gg^gc* and the military cheft, ia 
a convent near the town. The 
CoHicans of the neighbouring dif- 
trids, bein^ greatly enraged at the 
iacking of Oletta, afiemoled in & 
confiderable body, and attacked 
the French on the i cth with fuch 
impetuofity that th^ beat them 
fucceflivtly from feveral of their 
bed pods, and were on the point 
of forcing their camp, and would 
probably have deiboyed the whole 
Dody , if the falling of a very heavy 
rain had not put aa end to the en- 

fagement. The French General* 
nding his iituation not very eli- 
gible* withdrew with gre^t mence 
in the night from his camp» and 
retired to Oletta, leaving many of 
hb tents (binding, and three pieces 
of cannon behind. He was obliged 
upon this occafion to abandon the 
fick and wounded, as wdi as a 
party of 50 men and &x officers 
who guarded them in the convent ; 
befides which* the Corficans took 
there a great quantity of baggage* 
and a confiderable fum of money 
belonging to the military cheft. 

The French, who had repafi!ed 
the Golo, not thinking the Corfi- 
cans would make any attempts on 
their fide of the river, left about 600 
men Rationed at Borgo de Mariana*, 
who threw up intrenchments* and 
fortified themfelves in the town. 
This poft being thought of im- 
portance, the Marquis t)e Cha,u- 
velin fent them* by the ailiilancc 
of the cavalry* a coniid«rablc train, 
of artillery,* acrofs the mountains 
that feparate that place firon| Baflia. 
By this affiilauce the dcuchment 
at Borgo thought . themfelves in 
perfc^ fecurity ; cfpecially as the 
coun:ry all round wa^ continually 

IcourcJ 



For the YEAR. 1768. 



C63^ 



fcoored by the cavalry. The Cor- 

OGt 6 ^^^^« ^^^ ^^^ atten- 
' tive to tkefe motions, af- 
fembled and furroanded the town^ 
a little after dafk» and at the fitft 
attack made themfelves mafters of 
all the houfes that vtcrc without 
the intrenchments ; which they 
£Ued with their troops, and began 
iaftantlv to form their lines of cir- 
cumvaliation. The French made 
a forioos fire with their artillery, 
and t«ok every meafare to flop the 
progrefs of the afiailants ; but their 
ardour was not to be retrained: 
they not only finiihed their lines, 
but took fword in hand the fprine 
which fupplied the garrifon with 
water. 

M. De Chauvelin, being greatly 
alarmed at the danger of this de- 
tachment, camein perfon, attended 
by a ftrong party of horfe, to recon* 
noitre the ntuation of the enemy. 
He then aiTenibled 3000 men, and 
fent to M. De Grand Maifon to 
march with fuch forces as he conld 
colled, which amounted to about 
2000 more, and thereby put the Cor- 
ficans between two (ires, and make 
their deftru6lion ineviuble. This 
defign was well laid ; but the ability 
of the Corfican General had fufii- 
ciently provided againft its effeds. 
A body of men were already fta- 
tioned to watch the motions of M. 
De Grand Maifon, who no fooner 
adTan9ed among the hiUs than he 
found himfelf attacked on all fides, 
and foon became feniible, that it 
was more prudent to difengage 
himfelf by a timely retreat, than to 
make any further attempts, towards 
the proiecution of the defign. 

M.'De Chauvelin and the Count 
De Mar beuf, having arrived at Bor- 
go, fpent a whole day and night 
in continual ikirmiihcs with the 



Corficans, being Sill in eager ex« 
pedation of tke arrival of M. Def 
Grand Mufon» At length, grown 
impatient, and thinking the forces 
they had with them folkient to dif- 
lodge the enemy, the Generab de* 
termined to engage them .next 
morning without him. The Prenclt 
accordingly, at the break of day^ 
attacked the Corficans with fuch 
fury, that in a little time they had 
entirely deffaroyed their line of cir- 
cumvallation, and penetrated to 
the very edge of the town. Here, 
however, a Hop was put to their 
progrefs, by a terrible and conti- 
nual fire, which they received from 
the Corficans, who were pofled in 
the houfes of the fuburbs, and who 
being equally fupported by the 
Wmnefs and conilancy of their fel- 
lows in the field, the French were 
at lad repulfed, and obliged to re- 
tire, r 

They made another attack about 
noon, in which they had as little 
fuccefs. The Generals, unwilling 
to put up with this difgrace, again 
formed and encouraged their troops, 
and, about three hours before fun- 
fet, renewed their engagement with 
more fury than ever. The un- 
common virtue and bravery of the 
iflanders again prevailed. The 
French were at length obliged to 
retire in great difordcr from this 
well-fought field, having fufFered 
a very coAfiderable lofs, and being 
indebted for the fafety of their re- 
treat to the protedtion of the Royal 
regiment of cavalryv who could not 
from the nature of the ground en- 
gage in the adtion. 

The garrifon of Borgo furren- 
dered themfelves prifoners of war 
the next morning, by which the 
Corficans became mailers of their 
whole baggage and ammunition, 

as 






6fi»] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



pAymet^t of the new duties, upon 
importation. It was alfo refolved 
to retrain the expences of funerab, 
to reduce drefs to a degree of pri- 
mitive fimplicity and plainncfs^ aud 
in general not to purchafe any com- 
modities from the mother country, 
that could be procured in any of 
the Colonies. 

Thefc refolutions were adopted, 
or (imilar ones entered into^ by all 
the old Colonies on the continent. 
P , In fome time after, a cir- 

V« * cular letter was fent by 
'7^^- the Aflembly of Maflu- 
chufei's Bay, figncd by the Speaker, 
to all the other aflemhlies in North 
America. The defign of this let- 
ter was to ihew the evil tendency 
^of the late a^s of parliament, to 
reprefent them as unconilitutional, 
and to prnpofe a common union 
between the Colonies, in the pur- 
fuit of all legal meafures to prevent 
their efffd, and a harmony in their 
applications to Government for a 
repeal of them. It alfo expatiated 
largely on their natural rights as 
men, and their conlUtutionai ones 
as Englifli fubjeds ; all of which, 
it was pretended, were infringed by 
thefe laws. 

It htppcpcd, unfortunately, that 
a continued courfe of altercation, 
and an almoil total dliTerence of 
opinion upon every fubjef^, had 
prevailed for fome years between 
the AlFcmbUcs of iMafiachufet's 
Bay and the Governor of thax Co- 
lony. Thi.^ altercation was car- 
riffd on with much afperity ; and 
bothlidCT, onfomeoccnfions, feem- 
ed more attentive to the kccnncfs of 
^c'lT obfervation5, and the tartncfs ' 
of their replies, than to the utility 
or propriety of the meafures they 
were purfuing. The fn'crity of 



thefc aftercations left a bitterneli 
behind, that was far from being fa- 
vourable to that happy temper and 
conciliating difpofition, which were 
now fo much to be wifhed. 

A letter which the Governor 
had received from the Earl of Shel- 
burne, one of the principal Secre- 
taries of State, and which. eon- 
tpined very feverc animadverfions 
on the condu^l of xhe Aflembly, 
was, in purfuance of the Gover* 
nor*s order, and the intention of 
writing it, read to that body by the 
Secretary. This letter caufed great 
heats in the Aflembly; and it is 
faid, the flridlefl decency was not 
obferved in the debates it occa- 
fioned, and the obfervations that 
were made upon it. In thefe de* 
bates it was faid, that the charges 
made in it muft have been founoed 
upon a mifreprefentation of (sk€t% 
by the Governor, in his difpatches 
to the Miniflry ; and a Committee 
was appointed to wait on him, to 
deftre a copy of Lord Shelbume't 
letter, as well as of thofe which he 
had wrote himfelf relative to the 
Aflembly, and to which the charges 
in that mud refer. Thefe copies 
being rcfufed, the Aflfembly wrote 
a letter to the Secretary of State, 
in which they recite the circum- 
fiances of the tranfadion, and take 
great pains to vindicate their own 
condu^ at the expence of the Go- 
vernor, to whofe mifreprefentation 
they charge the Minifler's ill opi- 
nion of it. They alio wrote let- 
ters to the Lords of the Treafury, 
and moil of the great officers of 
State, in which, along with great 
profellions of loyalty, they remon« 
Itrated ftrongly againfl the opera- 
tions of the late Ads of Parlia- 
ment ; which they infinuated to 

be 



For the YEAk 1768. 



[*69 



be contrary to the Conditntioti, and 
totally fubverfive of their rights 
and liberties. 

The Governor, finding that 
there was no hopes to mollify the 
refiradory fpirit which- was fo 
predominant in the Affembly, 

March 4. adjourned it. In the 
^' Speech which he deli- 
vered upon this occafion were 
many ftriftures on their condu^, 
particularly in regard to Lord Shel- 
bnrne*s letter : and he complained 
greatly of fome turbulent, faftious 
members, who, under falfe pre- 
tences of patriotifm, had unhap- 
pily acquired too great an influ- 
ence, as well in the Aflembly as 
among the people ; who facrificed 
their country to the gratification of 
their palfions, and to the fupport of 
an importance which could have 
no exiftence but in times of trouble 
and con fu (ion. 

In the roidfl of thcfe diilra£lions 
in America, a new ellablifhment 
was made at home, by which a Se- 
cretary of State was appointed to 
the department of the Colonies 
only. A great deal was hoped 
from this arrangement. Lord 
Hilfborough, who appeared firil 
in that office, wrote a circular let- 
ter to the Govern;>r$ of all the Co- 
lonies, who had before received 
the circular letters from the Af- 
fembly at Bofton. By this letter 
his MajeAy's diilike to that mea- 
fure was cxpreffed in the flrongeft 
terms. It was declared, that he 
considered it as of the mod dan- 
gerous and fa^ious tendency; cal- 
culated to inflame the minds of the 
people ; to promote an unwar- 
rantable combination ; to excite an 
open oppoiition to, and denial of, 
the authority of Parliament ; and 
to fubvert the true principles of the 



Conftitation : And that his Ma- 
jefty expefted from the known af* 
ft^ftion of the refpe^ive Affemblies, 
that they xvoiild defeat this flagi- 
tious attempt to difturb the public 
peace, and treat it with the con- 
tempt it deferved, by taking no 
notice of it. 

Another letter, of the . v'l ^2 
fame date, was wrote to -^ 
Governor Bernard, in which the 
fame exceptions to the circular 
letter are repeated, which is faid 
to have been a meafure carried 
through a thin houfe at the end 
of a feflion, and in which the Af*" 
fembly departed from that fpirit 
of prudence, and refpedl to the 
Conftitution, which feemed to have 
influenced a majority of its mem- 
bers, in a full houfe, and at the 
beginning of the fefiion ; from 
whence his Majefty could not but 
confider it as a very unfair pro- 
ceeding, and to have been carried 
by furprize through the Houfe of 
Reprefentatives. A requifition 
was then made, in his Majefty's 
name. That the new Aflembly 
wpuld refcind the refolutioo which 
gave bir^h to the circular letter, 
and declare their difapprobatioa 
of, and dilTent to, fo rail and hafly 
a proceeding ; That, as his Ma* 
jefly had the fulled reliance on the 
affections of hi$ fubjeCts in the 
MafFachufet's Bay, he had the bet- 
ter ground to hope, that the at- 
temps made by a defperate fadion 
to difturb the public tranquillity 
would be difcountenanced, and that 
the execution of the meafure re- 
commended would not meet with 
any difiicuky. 

This part of the letter * 

was laid before the new J"**^ *'• 

Aflembly by the Governor, with a 

meflage, in which he eameflly 

i*r*] 3 • rcqacftcd 



70*] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



oWqr^rAj <^> tncdfeofacoficcarf 
cimdu^9 he had reoeived his Mm- 
jdfty'ft iB^dians in what jngQner 
^ aft, aivd muft 4o hii duty. This 
produced a oeiihge froai the AT- 
£einUy9 in which they deftf^ a 
copy of the inftrudions which ch« 
Governor aUndod to, aa w«U ad of 
fome letters and papers which he 
had liiid before xht Council. Thf 
Gov«r&or ient a popy of ihe re- 
fnainder 0f Lord Hillfborou^h's 
|^c«r, in which the iftflr^adUont 
were concained, to the AfktxMy, 
by which he was direfled, in ca(e 
pf fiheir refuiai to comply with 
his Majefty's reafboable expe^ati- 
on» to diflblve them immediately, 
and to tiaofpiit a copy of their pro- 
ceedings upon itf to be laid before 
&he Parliament. 

The Membl^ not having given 

any anfwer to 'the requifition for 

ftboiu a week, the Governor ieitit 

a meiEige to urge them to it ; 

in anfwer to which they applied 

iot a recefs, that they might nave 

aa opportunity to confnlt their 

icooftituencs upon the. occafioo. 

This b^ng r^fufed, the ^ueftion 

^was put fpr refcinding the refolu- 

•tion of the laft hoj^fe, which pa0ed 

Ml the negative by a divifion of 

lunety-two to icveoteen. A letter 

was fhea reiblved on to Lord 

Jiill^rough, and an anfwer to the 

mefiages from the Governor. In 

bpth thefe pieces great pains are 

CAJnea to jullifythe conduct of the 

Uft Aflembly, as well as of the 

preient ;^e jchargcs of furprize, 

B9d of a thiA hou(e, are abfoiately 

denied ; and, :n the contrary, they 

fay, that the re(<>ltttion for the 

circular letter was pailed in a Ml 

4cSUm» and by a great majority. 

The legality pf.that j^eajure was 



defended* lk$ it was the inhcceBC 
light of t^. ^b^sfb ts> pedtaoA 
the King, either jointly or »yeraU|r 
for a reafe£s of grievances. In re- 
gard to refcindifig the refelatMo 
H was obfenrad, that, co Ipcak m 
the Ungaage ^f the copmoa law^ 
U was not naw fixftmory^ bnt to 
all intents and piirf>Qfes executed : 
That the circalar letters had borw 
feot, and many oi thevi anfwered i 
that both have appeared in the 
p«iblic papers ; and that the/ 
could now as well n^fetnd the let- 
ters as the rcfolves iwi which they 
were founded, and tJuut both wonM 
be equally frattlefe. In the lettfr 
to the Secretary of State, they made 
Several coooaeats, «4th great fnre^ 
dom* on the aature of the reqtdfi- 
tion ; and alksdged that it was aa*- 
conftitntional, and without a Pte-^ 
cedent, to command a free Attem- 
bly, X)n pain of its e^dftence* to rc- 
fcifid rny reiblation, much lefs 
that of a former Honfe. They 
complained greatly of the baic 
and wicked mifreprefen rations thai 
muil have been made to his Mar- 
jefty, to caufe him to coniidcx a 
meafure perfe^y legal and con- 
ilitutionaU and which only iended 
to lay the grievances of his fub- 
jeds before the Throne, as of an 
< in^mmatory nature, tending to 
create unwarrantable combitkatioos, 
and to excite an oppofition to the 
authority of Parliament,' which 
are the terms in which it is do- 
kribed in the letter. Thry con- 
clude with profeflions of the great- 
er loyalty, and the (Irongeft re- 
monArancfs againil«the late laws. 
They were in the mean time pre- 
paring a petition to the King for 
the removal of their Governor, in 
which they laid a number of 
charges againi^ him« that were 

urged 



Far the YEAR. i76«. 



i*it 



•rred with great acrirooBy ; Irat, 
Wrore tke &iihtiig hand coold be 
vmt to it» the A&mbly was dif- 

Tiie clrcolar letters, which the 
Secrttaiy of State had v^ote to the 
other Coloaiesy were attended with 
as fittle eficacy as that which was 
lent to BoAoQ. The different Af- 
iJenibKes wrote angers to that of 
Maiachafet's Bay» which were 
rcccitred by the kte Speaker* ia 
which they expreAed the higher 
approbation of their Gondu^» and 
a va rcfolution to coincide in 
shctr meafnres. Sone of them aUb 
ftoinied mddreffes to the Secretary 
of State, in which they not only 
jaAified the meafures taken by the 
Aflenb)]r at Bofton, but animad- 
verted, with great freedom, on 
fereral paflkges, as well as on the 
rtqai6tion, contained in his letter. 
la the mean time, moft of them 
casered into refolntaons, not to 
iaiport or porchafe any Englifli 
goods, except what were already 
order^ for the enfoing fall, and 
(bch articles of nece^y as they, 
coold not do withoat, nntil the iate 
h«s were repealed^ 

Frcvi^tts to the diflblution of 
fane t A. ^* »ff«inWy, a great tu- 
• ^ mnltJiapp^ed at Bofton, 
in coofeqaeace of a feixare made 
by the Board of Coftoms, of a iloop 
helonging to one of the principal 
•erc^mts of that town. It ap- 
pears that this (loop was dtfchargcd 
of a carffo of wine, and in part 
re-loaded with a qnantity of oil» 
which was, however, done under 
prtcnice of converting her into a 
rare, without any great attention 
baring been paid to the new laws, 
or to die Cuftom-hoofe regnlations. 
Upouke (eizore, the officers made 
I Sgaal to the Ronincy roan of war ; 



and h^ bolts' were' fent manned 
and armed, who cut away the 
floop's falh,, and conveyed her 
under the prote^ion of that ihtp. 
The populace having affcmMcd la 
great crowds upon this occafion^ 
they pelted the Commiflicners of 
the Cuftoms with (lones, broke on^ 
of their fwords, and treated th^m in 
every refpeft with the grcateft out* 
rage ; after which, they attacked 
their houfes, broke Aeir windows^ 
and hauled the Collf ftor*s boat to 
die common^ where they burnt it 
to aftes^ 

The Oficers of the CuftpmsJ 
upon the(e extraordinary a^s of 
outrage, found it ncccfTary, for 
the fecurity of their lives, to te^ 
tire aboard the man of war, from 
whence they removed to Caillc 
William, a fortification on a fmall 
ifland in the harbour, where they 
relumed the functions of their or- 
fice. In the mean time. Town- 
meetings were held, and a remon*^ 
ftrance prefented to the Governor, 
in which the rights they claimed 
were fupported in direfl opjpoii- 
tion to the legiflature, and an tx* 
traordinarv req^iiition made, that 
he would iflhe an order for the de- 
partare of his Maieihr's fhip tha 
komney out of the haroonr. 

The temper and conduft of the 
people became every day more li- • 
cendous. That republican fpirit 
to which this Colony owed its foun- 
dation, and the levelling principles 
in which the inhabitants were 
nnrfed, being now operated upon 
by raeafures which they regarded 
as totally fubverfive of their rights, 
and inflamed by the art? of lome 
fadious and defigning men, who 
had great influence among them, 
they Teemed equally incapable to 
prefcribe due limits t6 their paf« 
[•<-•] 4 fions. 



7**1 



ANNUA-L, REGISTER 



iansp and to preferve a proper de- 
cency in the manner in whfch they 
cxprefied them. Theix public 
writers, as well as fpeakers, were 
generally very intemperate ; and a 
certain ftile and manner was intro- 
duced, which Teemed peculiar to 
themfelves, and too ridiculous for 
ferious compofition. In fome of 
tkeCc publications, . while they 
feemed, on one hand, to forget 
their dependance as. Colonies, and 
to aiTume the tone of difUn^ and 
original States; on the other, they 
eagerly claimed all the benefits of 
the Engliih conftitution and the 
higheil' rights of Englifhmen, but 
did not recoiled, that it was that 
dependance only, which could en- 
title them to any ihare of thofc 
rights and benefits* A light and 
irreverent language became the 
mode, in ,ajl matters which re- 
lated to Government, or even to 
the Legiflaturc ;. but when their 
Provincial Affemblies came to be 
meniicnfd, tjiey were no longer 
knoijv'n by chat appellation, but 
were upon eyery occasion diAin- 
guifbed by the title of Pariia* 
ments. . 

A report that their Petition to 
the Kiii^ had not been delivered 
by the Secretary of State, con^ 
tributed greatly to excite the 
ferment and ill blood among the 
prople. It was f id that the Pe- 
tition was refufed to be received 
in London, upon an objection 
that was made, . that the Colony 
A^cnt was not prop/^rly autho- 
rized to deliver it, as he had been 
appointed by the Affsmhly with- 
out th^ confent of the Governor. 
The diflblution of the General 
AiTembly incr afed the diforder ; 
4nd it may be 'uppofed that a 
circumfiancc ..tteading the floop 



that was lately feized, which was 
the property of one of the Repre- 
fentatives of the town of Bofton« 
did not contribute to lefTen it. 

While things were in this un- 
happy fituation, .wo regiments 
were ordered from Ireland to fup- 
port the Civil Government, and 
feveral detachments from different 
parts of the. continent rendrz- 
vouzed at Halifax for the lame 
purpofe. • No account of a me* 
nace made by the mofl dangerous 
and cruel enemy could excite a 
greater alarm than this intelli- 
gence did at Bodon, and it was 
treated in all the language of sn<^ 
vafion and conquell. Upon the 
firft rumour of it, a meeting of the 
inhabitants was immediately fum* 
moi>ed at Fanuil-haH, « 
Inhere they chofe one of ^ ' 
their late popular Pveprefentativcs 
as Moderator.. A Committee was 
then appointed to wait on the 
Gove;rnor, to know what' grounds 
he had for ibme intimations he 
had lately given, that fome regi- 
ments of his Majefty's forces were 
expelled in that town ; and at 
the fame time to prefent a Petin 
tion, to defire he would iifue pre- 
cepts to convetje a general Aflfem- 
bly with the grcateft fpeed ; to 
both which an< immediate an- 
fwer was required. The Governor 
anfwered,that his information about 
the arrival of the troops was of a 
private nature, and that he could * 
do nothing as to the caUing of an-* 
Other Aiu'mbly for this year, until 
he received jiiis Majeftv's inftruc* 
tions^ under whofe consideration i^ 
now was, 

A Committee, which had been 
appointed to confider of the pre- 
fent Aate of their affairs gave 
in their report along declaration 

and 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[*73 



tnd recital of their rights* and 
the mppofed infractions of them, 
which had been lately made ; and 
pafcd feveral hafty refolutions, 
pirdcalaTly in regard to the lega- 
lity of raiftng o^* keeping a ftaud- 
iag army among them, without 
thm own confenr, which they 
fbaadei on the ad of the firll of 
King William, wnich declares it 
to be contrary to law, to keep an 
army in thv kingdom in time of 
peace without the confent of Par- 
iiiment. This report and the re- 
tblutions were u.ianimpuily agreed 
to by the Ail'embly, and a general 
refolation pafled, which was alfo 
ibaftded on a clanfe in the fame 
law, which recommends the fre- 
quent holding of Parliaments, by 
vhicha Convention wasfummoned 
to meet at Bofton. In purfuance 
of this refolation, the four Mem- 
ben who had reprefented the town 
ia the late AlTembly were now ap- 
pointed as a Committee to a6l for 
It in the Convention ; and the Se- 
led-men were ordered to write to 
all the other towns in the Province, 
topropofe their appoiniine Com- 
mittees for the fame purpoJe. 

The moft extraordinary zSt of 
this Town-meeting was a requifi- 
tion to the inhabitants, that, as 
there was a prevailing apprehen- 
fion in the minds of many of a 
war with France, they fliould be 
accordingly provided with arms, 
ammunition, and the neceifary ac- 
coutrements, fo as to be properly 
prepared in caic of fudden danger. 
A day of public prayer and falling 
was then appointed, and the meet- 
ing diflblved. 

The circular letter which the 
Select-men fent to the other tov/ns 
in the province, was wrote in the 
fjime fpirit as the a^ and refolu- 



tions which it inclofed, and on 
-which it was founded. In this 
time of general dillrmper, when 
nincty-iix towns appointed com- 
mittees to attend tue convention, 
th? town of Hatfield refufed to 
conctir in this meafure ; and the 
fpirited and judicious anlwer which 
thr inhabitants retuin d to the Se- 
left-menatBofton, will be a lading 
monument of the prudence ana 
g oi fenfe that influenced their 
conduct. This letter, ^s well as 
the other original papers relative 
to this tranl-flion, our readers 
will fee in the Appendix to the 
Chroidclf*. 

The firft aa of the « 
Convention was a met- '^ 

fage to the Governor, in which 
they difclaimed al* pretence to an/ 
authoritative or governmental ails; 
that they were chofen by the feve- 
ral towns, and came freely and vo- 
luntarily, at the earned defire of 
the people, to consult and advife 
fuch meafures as may promote peace 
and good order in the prefent 
alarmiiio: iituation. They then re- 
iterate the prefent grievances, com- 
plain that they are grofly mifrepre- 
fented in Great Britain, and prefs 
the Governor in the moll urgent 
terms to convoke a General Allem- 
bly, as the only means to guard 
againft thofe alarming dangers that 
threatened the total deflru6\ion of 
the Colony. The Governor ad- 
monifhed them as a iriend to the 
Province, and a wfll-wi(her to the 
individuals of!:, to break op their 
affembly indantiy, and to feparate 
before tiiey did any hufmefs : That 
lie was willing to believe, that the 
gentlemen who iflued the fummona 
for this meeting were not aware of 
the nature of r.^c high offence they 
were cpmmiiting; and that thofe 

who 



74'} 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



who hav< obeyed them have not 
jcoo&dered <he pgialties the^ fliaU 
ipcur> if thty perfiH in cpntmuing 
their kJEjw : At prdeQt» igno- 
i:^nc€ of Uw nay ^xcufe what is 
joiaft^ a ftep fariW will take away 
that plea ; That a meeting of thie 
Deputies of the town is an a^m- 
bly of the representatives of the 
peopk to jali intents and purpofes ; 
and that the calline it a Committee 
.of Convention will not alter the 
natare of the thing. He added> 
that if they did not regard this ad- 
monition* he mnftf as Govemory 
aflert the prerogative of the Crown 
in a more pomic manner : That 
they may aUure (hemfelvesy for he 
fpoke from indrpflion^ the Kin^; 
Was determined to maintain his 
f ntire Sovereignty over that Pro- 
vince ; and whoever ihould perfiH 
in ufurping any of the rights of it^ 
would repent of his raflmefg. 

This anfwer produced another 
meilage^ wherein they juftified their 
meeting as being only an aiTem- 
blage of private perfons, and defired 
explanations as to the criminality 
with which their proceedings were 
charged* The Governor refufed to 
receive that or any other meilage 
from them, as it would be admitting 
theqi to be a legal Aflembly, which 
he would not by any means allow. 
The Convention then appointed a 
Committee, who drew up a report 
in terms ofgreat moderation, which 
was approved of by the Membly. 
In this they aflign the caufes of 
thf'ir meeting, diiclaim all pretence 
to any authority whatfoever, tad 



adi^ife aad recommend it to the 
people to pay the greateft deference 
to Govneriimeiic, and to wait with 
patience for the refiit of his Ma^* 
jefty's wifilom and demency, for a 
redrefs of their grievances* They 
at the fame time declare for ch^n^ 
ielves, that they will in their fever 
ral ftatioos yield every poffible a£- 
£ftaftce to the Civil Biagiftiate, fior 
the prefer vation of peace and order, 
and the foppreffion of riots and tu* 
jsults. Tht Convention, having 
then prepared a reprafentation of 
their cond«^, and a detail of 
many of the late tranfadbons, ta 
be tranfmitted to their ^ 
Agent in London, was ^ * '* 
broke up* 

The day the Convendoa broke 
up, the fleet from Halifiur, confift- 
ing <^ feveral frigates and flo^ 
of war, and (bme traaCiports, with 
two regiments and a deuchoieBt of 
artillery on board, arrived in the 
harbour. Some dUBcokies arofe at 
Arft about quartering the troops 
which the Cottocil refufed to agree 
to, as the barracks of Caftle Wiluaoi 
were fufficient to receive them ; this 
was however eot over by providing 
quarters, whi«h were then to be 
coniidered as barracks, and the 
Council upon that footing allowed 
them barrack proviiions. General 
Gage arrived loon after, as did the 
two regiments from Ireland. A to* 
lerable harmony has fpbMed be- 
tween the people and the troop?, 
and the town and province have 
been is general very quiet. 



CHAP. 



For. the TEAR 176:5. 



. w 



[*75 



CHAP. XI. 

tmtitftht Mimftn. The Parliament meets J The Kin^ in his Speech recom- 
mends a fartictdar attention to the Mpeffes of the people, occafioned hy the 
high price ff provi/sons. Petition from the City of London on that fuhjeS % 
froceeSmis and debates thereon. A ntw Bill for reji raining Raft India di^vl- 
dendsf Petition agqinfi it from tbf Company. Great debates on tbefuhjeS ; 
ike BiH pa^s. Motion fir hringing in the Nullum Tempus Bill. Hr^fac- 
tipas reUtivf to that motion, Qreat dehates thereon j the affair defef>red to 
the nextj^n. 4 hJl faffed for limting the duration of the Irijb Parlia- 
ments. An end put fp /if fejfion ; Parliament diffol*ved, and «writs iffuedfhr 
a pmeral EkSion* Nrw Parliament meets i addrefs on the late dijhtri* 
Provffion Bills reae*wedi the Parliament adjourjts. 

old connexion witk the R m 
part/y though their n^effity in« 
duced them for a while to cosnter- 
feit fuch a deiign, opened a treaty 
with the Duke of Bedford and his 
friends. This union feemed the 
mod improbable of ai^y that could 
have taken place, as nothing could 
have bi^en more oppofi.te than the 
political principles of Lord Chat« 
nam, who was fuppofed to bare 
been the founder of the prefenf 
Adminiihation, and thofe of the 
principal members of the acceiSion. 
The fame oppofition in political 
principles had fub(ifted in all the 
parts of the Mioifhy, and w|is in 

feneral the band of tbcir .unio!n> 
pth in and out of joffice. It now 
appeared that the NgWcn^n wc 
bave mentioned had totally loft all 
weight and inRuence in adminiftr^i- 
tion, and t'uat political dilferenc^s 
in opinion are not al^'ays irrecoa- 
cileaW. 

Without any general difarraiige- 
meRt. fcvcraJ changes took place 
in the great offices of State during 
the fefiion, in confequence of this 
coalition. Lord North w»s ap- 
pointed Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer, Mr. T. Townlbend Joint 

Pay-mafter 



THE death of Mr. Town(hend> 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
£^ ^ which happened during 
^^ ^ the recei3 of Parliament, 
it was fuppofed would have beem 
a great fliocjc to a minUby which 
fras known not to be ftrong» and 
ivhich it was believed was not 
irmly anite4. Jf Mr. T. had been 
io a "vtij dofe and amicable con- 
Aexion with his cojleaeues, \as 
Jofs would to them have been irre* 
f arable ; as hi^ eloquence and his 
abilitir^ were of the firft ma^ni- 
tade. Although this was far from 
being the fad, it became neceflary 
upon kis death to look out (or fome 
addition to the minif^erial fyftem, 
which mught promiie it to caatinue 
with permanency and to ad with 
power. 

Some time before this event, the 
conicioufheis of their weaknefs h^ 
izuiuced the court to make pro po- 
rtions to the Man^uis of Ik. The 
(abiic far iomt tune entertained 
opes of the return of the popular 
Admijuftration of 1766. This ne- 
^Mciation however came to nothing. 
4^hcr projcds were to be tried ; 
aod the nuaiiien^ who perhaps 
iaretly didiked a jeuirn to their 



76*] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Pay-mafter of the Forces. Earl 
Gower Lord Prefident of the Coun- 
cil* £arl of Hillfborough and Lord 
Weymouth Secretaries of Stat*, the 
former being a new department for 
the Colonies, and Mr. Rigby a 
Vict-treafurcr of Ireland, befides 
feveral others of lefs importance. 

N A^ ^^ *^^ opening of 
iNOi^ 24. ^j^^ fcflion, notice was 

'7^7- taken in the Speech 
from the throne, that the caufe 
of the Parliament's being aflVm- 
bled fo early, was to give fuflicieni 
time for their deliberations, with* 
out interfering with that which 
would be moft fuitable for the cn- 
fuing general cle^ion. The prin- 
cipal point recommended to their 
attention was the diftrcfles of the 
people, occafioned by the high 
price of Corn, and which neither 
the late falutaiy law* nor the pro- 
duce of the harveft had fufncientl^ 
reduced. It was alfo recommended 
to them, to perfevcre in their ut- 
moft endeavours to diminiih the 
National debt. 

As the great objedl of this 
Speech was to recommend an at- 
tention to the relief of the people, 
from the diftreflcs occafioned by 
the hieh price of provifiens, it was 
zccor&ingly expe£lcd, that fomc 
plan for the effefting of that pur- 
pofe had been prepared by the 
Miniftry. This nowever was not 
the cafe ; and on the contrary, the 
Miniibrs in general feemrd to be 
of opinion, that though the obtain- 
ing fuch relief was an ob^cd much 
to be coveted, at prefent it waft not 
attainable. Some debates arofe on 
the propriety of a public recom- 
mendation of A fubjefl of fo nice 
and tickiilh t nature, when at the 
fame time the impo(!ibility of a 
compliance with it uas known and 



allowed. It was faid that the peo- 
ple would naturally infer, that their 
relief was pradicable, or that the 
recommenaation would not hav<; 
been given ; and that, falTc hopes 
being thereby infpired, that their 
defpair and impatience would be- 
come the greater, when they found 
that they were ilill left to langui^b 
in mifery and want; That in this 
(ituation all their rage muA be di- 
refted againft their Reprefentatives, 
who, notwithflandir.g the earncft 
applications of the Cr wu, would 
take nomeafures for their relief; 
and that, in fuch a Hate of defpair^ 
it was no wonder if ihey fhould tct 
all law and order at defiance, ^'nd 
renew thofe tumults which had al- 
ready been produftive of fuch me- 
lancholy cotifequencs. 

A Petition from the City of Lon- 
don wa5 received,, complaining of 
the high price of Provifions, and 
containing feveral propofals for the 
confideration of the Houfe, as well 
to. contribu e to IciTen the prefent 
evils, as to prevent a renewal of 
them. Nothing was done uoon this 
Petition ; and though the diflreffes 
flated in it were but too real, the 
plans propofed for relief and pre- 
vention were of a very problema- 
tical nature. However, all the 
Provifion Dills of the lall feflion, 
both in regard to importation and 
exportation, were continued, and 
{bine of them amended. And a 
new Bill was brought in for the 
importation of Wheat and Flour 
from Africa. 

The affairs of the Ead-India 
Company were now become as 
much an obirft of annual confide- 
ration, as the vaifjng of tike fup^ 
plies; and though tnc agreement 
they had entered into witli the Go- 
vernment was to contiDoe ano- 
ther 



- Fof the YEA41 1768. 



[*77 



tker year, yet as the A A which 
retrained th^tr dividends to ten 
per Cent, was now expired, a 
Bill was brought in to reHram 
them in the fame manner for 
the enfuing year. The Compa- 
ny* greatly alarmed at the ap- 
Jiarent peneverance in a mea«- 
bre * which they apprehended fo 
toully fubvcriivc of their rights, 
I prefented a flrong Peti- 

76S ^^^^ againft it. In this 
*^ they ihewed the right 
they had by their Charter to de- 
clare their own Dividends ; that 
the regulations already eftablifhed 
by the Lcgiilature will at all times 
be fofficient to prevent an impro- 
vident ufc being made of fuch pow- 
ers; and aflhre the Houfe, that 
chey will make no increafe of their 
Dividends, imlefs the fitoation of 
their affairs ihall aflbrd ample 
convidion^ tha^ in ja(Hce and pru- 
dence they will be warranted in fo 
^tcing. 

This meafure occafioned great 
debates in the Houfe. 'The advo- 
cates for the Bill made ufe of the 
fane arguments which were ufed 
cpon p^ng the former, and which 
we then took notice of; thofe who 
oppofcd It took fome new ground, 
from the experience they had in 
the eifc^ of that meafure. It was 
obferved, that fuch an exertion of 
fnpreme power was equally unne- 
ceflary and dangerous, after hav- 
irg had the moft mortifying expe- 
rience of <he operation of a like 
rrfttifUon laft year, which increa- 
sed the very mifchief it was in- 
tended to remedy: That as the 
circamilances of the Company are 
clear beyond a doubt, and their 
opuleace verified beyond the moil 
fanguine expedation, and no fup- 
po(ed mifcondud of theirs calling 
for the inrerpofition of Parlia- 



ment ; this Bill can only be con- 
fidered as a mere a6i of power, 
without a colour of delinquency 
on the part of the Company, or 
of neceffity on that of the pub- 
lic : That it appears altogether un- 
accountable, to pafs in one year an 
Afl for regulating the modes and 
conditions of declaring Dividends 
by the Company; and the very 
next year, to prohibit the exercife 
of t;hofe very powers fo regulated; 
That this law, made on purpofe 
to regulate the method of declar- 
ing Dividends, docs of neceffity 
imply the exercife of that right 
under the conditions therein prc- 
fcribed, which cannot be taiccn 
away from the Company, without 
the moft iignal diigrace to the 
wifdom and good-faith of the Le- 
giflature^ and the fubveriion of 
every principle of legal govern- 
ment. 

It was alfo obferved, that to rc- 
(Irain the fubje£l in the difpofitioQ 
of his own property, without any 
'Other pretence tnan the mere poffi- 
bility of abufe, is a principle un- 
heard of in any free country, and 
inoft alarming to all the monied 
and trading interefts of this king- 
dom; That it goes to the fub- 
je£li ng to the fame reftraint, on 
the fame loofe reafons, every great 
Company, as well as every public 
or private ftock, which may be- 
come of magnitude fufficient to 
tempt in future times an impo- 
verifhed Tredfury and a rapacious 
Adminiftration, fince no degree of 
innocence can be a fecurity againll 
fuch fufpicion of a poflible fraud ; 
and fuch fufpicion may be made a 
ground for continuing an arbitrary 
reftraint, until the fubje^ (hail 
con fen t to ranfom his property on 
fuch terms as ihall be prcfcribed to 
him^ 

Thcfc 



?8*] 



AN^rrtJAL *.fc(?fSTftR 



Thelfe Att^ titiny btHtt' reafoftS 
w^c orged with ^cart force, birt 
; M very ht^Je e#eA ; ani 

J*"- ^*- tlVc rc^aitiiiil Bill was 
carried st tetottd t?ftte py ac ^e^y 
great Afrajorrty. tt met, as weft als 
ike fofnit!^ \fhh a greit Cfppcktioii 
m the Hotrfe <rf Veets, and a Pi^oT^ft 
figWd by fiifttzl Lotis was enter- 
ed agatnil it. 

• Afttf this, the ttlott refflai^!cabre 
evtfM 'm this fefftdtr was a motion 
tHit^e, to^e^rd^ the eltifc of it, for 
leave to Britrg in a ffill for quiet' 
kig the pbffcmtis of the fuhje<fl, 
and for aip^rttfirtg and tendering 
HiGie effe^lte^ an a^ of the 21 II of 
femes r. for tlfre generaf quiet of the 
fitr^jcifl ag*iiT(S atl jSretenccs of Con- 
cealrfren^ wfirttfoevef . 

This prb^fhibrr was fo remailt- 
Ale, ftot c/ffly fofr thtf iniportance 
of the inte#eits fhat wrtef te be af- 
fected by it, but by the ^v'ent^ 
tl'hilch preceded anrf ptobafbly gave 
ftfe tof it, that it wiU not be amifi 
fo" take up the Matter from the be?- 
gintring. The Duke of fdrtland 
and his rfiYccfiOrs h^d been itt pof- 
le^tr about feventy years bf a 
very* conllderablfe eftate in the 
North of England, in eonfcquence 
of a grant made by the late King 
William to the iirff fiatJ of the 
prefent feifiiiy, of the Honou;* of 
renritkiif the cotmfy of Cumbet- 
land, afid fhe' stpptrttcrtaixees there- 
nnto' belonging. The forell 6f 
ItigleWotfd, and the manor and 
came of CztM^, Were confiJcred 
as patts of this grant ; and have 
been accordingly enjoyed by the 
fan^ify by tl5^ feitle tenure dnd in 
the faTrie qniet pcfTeflion as the 
#cff. By What has lately appeared-, 
it K probable that they are not 
^ ptirticuhirly f^ecified lA.thift grant ; 
* Buf t^ertf ftrppofe^f tabe^ included 
as parts of the whole. It is alfo' 



to^Ble that the !tijif« who &ad 
lufEciently experienced the ex- 
treme jealouiy of the Parliament 
and people, on eVery mark of at- 
tentibn which he inewed to }m 
countrymen, did not chufe to ex* 
eke fftih clamours h^ an ampk 
fpecification of terms m at grant td 
his favourite. 

Sir James Lowther, who is pof- 
fefled of a very great fortune in 
the' fame county ,r and who^ fedms 
to have been well informed of ail 
the circum dances relative to thd« 
grant, ptefented a memo- ^^ 
rial to the Lords of the ^"^l ?' 
Treafury, in which he fet '7«>7- 
forth. That he was infom^ed that 
the fored of Inglewood, and the 
foccage of the cafflle of CarUile, 
Had been long with-held from eke 
Crown without its receiving aity 
benefit from them; and therefore 
he frayed a leafe of his h^jefly's 
ihtereft therein for three K vesr upon 
fuch terms as (hould appear fitting 
to their Lord(hips. 

'this memorial was referred by 
the Board of Trcafiiry to the Sor>- 
veyor Generat of Crown Laads» 
for his opinion. The Surveyor, 
in his report in anfwcr ta *. ^ 
the Bdrfrd, faid, that the ^^^' '* 
premifes in q;ueltion were not con* 
veyed by the Maat from Kiflf 
William to the Earl of Portland^ 
but were Hill invefied in.the prown; 
and recommended to their Lord^ 
(hips to grant the leafis demanded, 
for three lives, at a certain fmall 
referved rent which he fpecifiedv 
viz. 50I. per ann. for the foccage 
of Carlifle, and 15s. 4d, for the 
foreff, and a third part of the rent 
of fuch lands, &ci as ihall be 
recovered from the Duke of Port- 
land. 

Tiiis report of the Survey^ 
vvho is himfelf no lawyer, was re- 
turned 



Fof the YEAR tjM, 



[7^' 



ti^nied ta the board on* » ditbious 

and iBtricat^ qiieftien ia kw, with- 

>mii his taking the opinion of the 

Atiomoy or Splicitor General, or 

hcarilkg the Duke of Portland'^ 

lawyerfl, in^ defence of his title. 

The ^roeebding Teemed th& mofe 

ejmuofdinary^ as th«f memorial 

wat detiteredy Mie re)^ort made^ 

and the affair in agkation, near 

two months before the Quke re- 

P^ • formation of it; and tfteii 
then it was the effeft of an eiH 
^•tffy^ fifft founded on vagne re- 



the matter in qneAzdft^ ttM thtf 
Ddle'9 title had been ftatedly re^. 
ferred to, and reported on by the^ 
proper officery and fttlly and ma^- 
tarely confckred \>y the Boafd of 
Treafory. 

Thcf Duke, in cotifequence of 
this aAiranoe, employed Hs agemsfc 
in infpeAing and taking e<^ies of 
feveral records and evidences in 
the different publ^ic oiBces^ whieh 
were neceflai-y for the ftating tvsdk 
preparing of his tkle by the law* 
yers. This was a tedious and tst^ 
portaot work, as the point apoa 



port and hearfay, rather than of which the quefHon hong was, whe- 



a defigned or regalar notice. 
The Board of Treafbry having 
then alfo adjourned for ab^ve a 
month, it was-out of the Duke's 
power dfaring that time t^ make, 
any reprefentations on the fub^£i-; 
auid ae it was vacat^n tiftie, when 
all the lawyers were out of town, it 
was an impediment to his pre- 
l^ating his title properly to lay be- 
fore it. . 

As foon as the Board met, a 
memonal was prefented by the 
Duke« P^^ying to be heard by 
g^g. coun^l in defence of his 

^"- '°- title, before it proceeded 
to any a6^ in confequence of Sir 
James LowthePs application. In 
anfwer to this memorial he receiv- 



thcf the fordl and manor in de- 
bate were appurtenances belonging 
to the Honour of Penrith. To en- 
ter ihto this difquifiti^, it was ne- 
Cefiary to confult a long train of 
precedents, grants, fi»veys, vdr- 
di^, and innumerable a£b of own- 
erfhip, for fome hundreds of year? 
back, from the time of lUchjird 
III. who, when Duke of Giou- 
cefter, was poffefled of that Ho- 
nour. In the courfe of this enqui- 
ry, the Duke's agents thought it 
proper to examine, whether the 
faAs mentioned in the Surveyor's 
report were fairly and impartially 
dated. To thi« purpofe, applica- 
tion was made at this Surveyor's 
office, for pcrmifiion to infpedt the 



ed a letter from the Secretary of furveys, court rolls, and nfionu- 



the Treafury, in which it was de- 
^it^^ by order of the Lords, that 
^.I^uk« would lay before the 
Bourd a fUte of his claim and 
title to the foreft of Inglewood, 
which they would refer to the Sur- 
xeyor General, and would at the 
Su«ie. tiihe fend him back there- 
port which he had made on Sir 
l^mes Lowxher's memorial, for 
ais farther confideration. It was 
4lfo promifed, that no ilep fhould 



ments, on which he had founded 
his report, Thi? application was 
however without eiFe^ ; and the 
permifTion abfolutely fefiifed to be 
granted. 

Upon the Duke's return j^ 
to town, he prefented a *** ^' 
memorial to the Board, in which h^ 
prayed. That, as all public records 
ought, and by all courts of judica- 
ture are dire^ed, to beinfpedtcd fof 
the benefit of the parties intereft- 



ba taken towards the decifton of ed, an order may be iifttcd to. the 

Surveyor's 



8o»] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Survcvor's ofiice, for liberty to in- 
fpcfl liich furvrys, court rolls, &c. 
as related to the matter in qoe- 
dion. The Board anfwertd, by 
their Secretary, That an order for 
that purpofe fhou d be granted ; 
not as a foundation of right, bat as 
a matter of candour and civiUty. 

However it was, though the 
Clerks receiv.cd the fees for the 
draAving np of this order, it could 
never be procJured. After varioni 
delays and evailons, it was at lad 
.(aid to have been fent to the "Sur- 
veyor's office ; and upon enquiry 
there, the receipt of it was denied 
[t afterwards appeared, that an an- 
swer to it had been fent by the 
Surveyor, to the Treafury, two 
days before the time of denial, in 
which he remonftrated againft the 
infpe^tion of any papers by thofc 
who litigate the rights of the 
Crown. 

In this roacner were the Duke's 
agents trifled with tiU Chriftmas ; 
and while they were thus bufied in 
preparing his title under the iii- 
llructions of the Board, thr grant^ 
were made to Sir James Lowthcr 
of the poiTeflions in quelUon, and 
had paHed through all the £eals 
CA'cept that of the Exchequer. 
This was done without any pre- 
vious notice or citation to the 
Duke ; and before he or his agents 
were even apprized, that the in- 
fpeftion at the ^Surveyor's ofiicc 
would not be complied with. At 
length the Duke received a letter 
in the coimtry, from tlie Sccretv^ry 
of t.ic Treafury, dated the zzi of 
D?*ccmber, in which he was in- 
formed that ihr grant was paficd, 
and theleafes airraJy figafd. No- 
thing now remained but to flop its 
progrefs in the Exchequcr-criicc, 
where a caveat had before been 
entered for that purpofe. But up- 

3 



oh application to the Chancellor 
to \^th-ho d the feal in confe- 
quenoe of the^cavear, his Lordfhip 
nude aiifwer, that he was prcfled 
to affix the feal indantaneonfly ; 
and that as Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, he could not refufe to 
comply with an order from the 
Board of IVcafury to that par- 
pofe. 

As this meafuro was founded 
upon, and again bringing into ufe, 
the antiquated law, and preroga- 
tive maxim, of * Nullum tempus 
occur r it Regi,* by which ho length 
of time or polTeiiion can be a bar 
againft the claims of the Crown ; 
and as all the lands in the king- 
dom have at different times been 
in its pofleffion, and hiany of them 
from the Lofs of authentic deeds 
and papers, may be liable to the 
revival of claims of a iimilar na- 
ture; fo nothing could be more 
alarming to the landed property of 
the nation. Refumptions in moft 
cafes are difagreeable, and caa- 
tioully to be meddled with. In 
this, the particular circum/laocca 
thatattendedit, and the mode ob- 
Ajrved in the whole condnft, fecm- 
ed as dilagreeablc as the sl^\ itfclf. 
It accordingly excited, not only a 
popular clamour, but a very ge- 
neral diiTatisfadion, and became 
a fubjeft of great debate both in 
public and private. 

On one fide the arbitrary fpirit 
and dangerous tendency of the 
Nullum Tempus ma.xim, on which 
this i^rant was founded, was ex- 
pofcd with great ability. It was 
ihewn that the e:iiercife of any 
right fuppofcdto be founded upon 
it uas pra^lifcd only by our worft 
and molt arbitrary Princes; and 
even by them with caution, as 
they were fcnfiWe of the general 
abhorrence which every aft of the 

kind 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[8 1 



kisd excited : That it had long 
been the oppFobriam of Preroga- 
tire, and the difgrace of the Law ; 
and that the ableft Writers in that 
profeffiony and the beft Judges, had 
iiilwnys. caft an odium on it, as be- 
ing fandameotally contrary to r.a^ 
turai Equity, and all the maxims 
of a free government ; That even 
in the arbitrary reign of James the 
Firfl, a law was pafled, in fome 
degree t6 prevent it* evil effefis i 
That as the Conftitution became 
then better eftablifhed, the powers 
of its different parts defined, and 
the rights of the people delineated ; 
this Law was only made retro- 
fpe^vc, as it conjd not be fup- 
poled that a maxim would be re- 
rived in more enlightened ages, 
which was always fo odious in the 
daricefl times^;. That the revival of 
it could be only to anfwer the moft 
arbitrary purpofes, to hang it up 
as a rod to awe the fubjed, who was 
liable to be haraiTed and ruined by 
frivolous and vexatious fuits, when- 
ever .he became obnoxious to a 
Wini^-. 

It was (aid, that, as the Duke's 
ritle was ftill under the prote^ion 
of the laws, and there could be no 
doubt but he would defend it to 
the mmofl, ^d the ifTue of. fuch 
a fnit mufi be very diflant and 
very onccrtain, therefore the prc- 
fcnt grant muft be founded on the 
r-io'' unconftitutional motive. That 
of oHaining to a party a tempo- 
r^rv and undue influence in the 
rifoir.g general eleftion : That 
tte avowed oppofition of interefts 
in iKc fame county between the 
jnn'i^i, and the particular con- 
Kfvioni of one of ihcm, left no 
rr om to doubt that this was the 
i- k ohj'^fl in view. 

It was ohfcrvcd, that, when our 
K'bgs had little other revenue 
Vol. XI, 



to fupport the Court and Civil 
Lift that what arofe from their 
demefnc lani^*-, refumptions then 
though caiuioully pradifed, were 
neceiUiry, when weak and pro- 
digal Prince? had, too much im* 
povcriihed the Grown by the, 
making of profufe grants : That, 
in fuch cafes, thefe refumptions 
were ufcful to die public, which 
muft at any rate fupport the dig- 
nity of the Crown. lanv^ver, 
refumption, if it (hould ever be- 
come nfceifary, was the proper 
aft of the Lcgiflature, and not 
of the Crown : That things were 
now entirely changed ; the Crown 
had a great and permanent re- 
venue- fettled on it by the public, 
fully fufficicnt^to anfwer thcfe pur- 
pofes, and in a great meafurc de» 
figned to fecure the quiet of the 
people in theii* pofieffions, and to 
prevent tlie litigations that arofe 
from the claims of the Crown, and 
the continual difputes that occur- 
red about the difpofition of itj 
lards ; That the colour which 
the defenders of the meafure pre- 
tended to give it, of its being de- 
figned to lighten the burdens of 
the people, by finding a new 
fourcc of revenue for tb? Crown, 
was fo ridiculous a> not to defcrvc 
a ferious anfwer : That the Civil 
Lift cftahliJhment was fixed and 
permanent, and the paltry reserv- 
ed rent too contemptible to be 
mentioned : That it wns evident- 
ly a continuance of that ungra- 
cious fyftem which had been pur- 
fucd for fome ye;*rst of taking 
every opportuniry to affront and 
difgrkce thofe families who had 
the principal (hare in the Revo- 
lution and fecuriiig the acceflion 
of the Houfe of Hanover to the 
I'hronc ; That the particular cir- 
cumilnnces attending it itifficl- 
lY*} ently 



•8iJ ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



ently fhewed, that the (ame hid- 
den and undue influenccu which 
was To obnoxious to the nation, 
and had (o long direded its public 
councils, ilill prefided in them, in 
the full plenitude of its power; 
And that the privacy, hurry, eva- 
fion, and duplicity, which attend- 
ed the whole tran(adion, were a 
disgrace to Government itfelf. 

On the other fide, the queftions 
of law and right were chiefly in- 
fixed on. It was faid, (hat the 

• premises in queftion were no part 
of the Honour of Penrith, and that 
they were neither fpecified nor un- 
derftood in the ^rant : That, the 
right being certain, it was no more 

^ a »ult in the Crown, than it would 
' be in a private perfoii to aflert it^: 
That it would be happy if many 
fuch refumptions were made, to 
eafe the burdens of the people; 
That the Earl of Portland and his 
family were fuHiciently compen(at- 
ed for any ler vices he had perform- 
ed to the nation : and that, after 
70 vears poiTeilion of an ellate to 
which they had no right, they may 
contentedly refign it to the true 
owner,' when there was no demand 
made upon them for the pail iflues ; 
That, fuppofing the charge of Fa- 
vouritifm, his prefent Majefty had 
as goo J a right to reward his favour- 
ites as King William had; and 
that the natural influence which 
the pofTcfljon of the Crown-lands 
aiiord in ele^ions was difp^fed of 
with more propriety in the nands of 
the friends to Adminiftration, than 
in thofe who were in oppofition toit. 
The defenders of the meafure 
did not enter much into t\\^ pru- 
dence and propriety of the grant, 
nor into a defence of the conduA 
by which it was carried into execu- 
tion. It was only Taid, that the 
Trcafury \^£^ hound to follow the 



Surveyor-GeneraPs report, and had 
given fufficient time to the Dnke 
to prepare his title, and that the 
reafon of his not doing i( was l>e- 
caufe he had none to (hew. 

It is evident on the face of thit 
defence, that it goes upon two 
principles, neiiher of which are 
tenable.^ Firft, that there is no 
equity in a prefcriptive poflieiCon s 
contrary to the opinions of all 
winters of law in every country, 
and indeed to the common fenfe of 
nunkind. The fecond is, that the 
Surveyor-General's report, is con- 
cluflve. To far as to oblige the 
Treafury to make a grant to any 
informer to whom that report fliaU 
be favourable; a power in the 
Surveyor-General, which they did 
not attempt tofupport by any law- 
authority whatfoever. Upon the 
whole, without entering into a 
difcullion of the queflions of law 
or right, it may not be eafy to de* 
fend the propriety of a meafure, 
in general fo alarming, and fo ex- 
tremely unpopular. Nor does it 
feem confiflent with good policy, 
to difgufl 2^nd irritate, upon trifling 
or needlefs occafions, the great fa- 
milies of any country ; more efpe* 
cially under fuch k form and efla- 
blifhment of Government as ours. 
Nor did the manner in which this 
tran(aAion was condudted carry 
that face of clearnefs and equity, 
which is fo neceilary, and Co de- 
firable, in the Adminiflration of a 
great nation. Accordingly, as no 
one aft tended fo much to the un* 
popularity of adminiilration, fo 
the fuccefs that attended this mea- 
fure was in proportion to the 
odium; the effe^ counteracted the 
defign, a^fl totally overthrew that 
intereft in the North, which it was 
intended to eftablilh and extend. 
This motion was introduced en- 
tirely 



HISTORY OF EUROPE. 



[83 



tircly upon public grounds, and 
exprcfsly guarded againil the ferv- 
ing of any immediate or perfonal 
purpofei^or the taking in any pen- 
<lent or recent cafe. The purport 
of the law of James J. is, that a 
quiet and uninterrupted enjoy- 
ment for 60 years before the paf- 
fingoftheAdl, of any eftate ori- 
ginally derived from the Crown, 
mall bar the Crown from any right 
of fuit to recover fuch eftate, under 
pretence of any flaw in the grant, 
or other defe^ of title. The amende 
ment propofed by the motion was. 
To convert th^t Jixed prefer iption 
cf the Aft of King James into a 
Movimg limitation; and to make 
60 years poiTeflinn in all future 
times a bar againlb the claims of 
the crown. 

NotAvithftanding the equitable 
ground on which this motion was 
founded, it met with a ilrong op- 
pofition from the Miniftry, whofe 
condudl fell under the heavieft 
cenfure upon the occasion ; bat the 
fnbjeft was of 9 nature fo interefl- 
ing to all parties, and the argu- 
ments that mud be ufed to oppofe 
it fo generally odious, chat it was 
thought proper to change the mode 
of defence, and, under colour of 
the ihortnefs of the feffion, to put 
it off till the next meeting of Par- 
liiunent: This manoeuvre fuc- 
ceeded, but upon fo clofe a divi- 
fion, that it afforded a majority of 
only twenty. 

A very popular Bill, for limiting 
the duration of their Parliaments, 
paffed this winter in* Ireland, and 
received the Royal affent here. De- 
fore this Law, the Irifh Parliament 
was only determined by the Kind's 
life ; but now they are to be choien 
once in eight years ; and as they 
only fit every fecond winter, they 



are to tranfafib bniinefs but four 
felons, fo that in rtelity they are 
of a more limited duration than 
the Engliih Parliaments. Nothing 
could have given greater joy, efpe- 
cially to the lower fort of voters of 
that kingdom, than the paffing (^f 
this odennial Bill; and the Lord 
Lieutenant, in confequence of it, 
became extremely popular. In this 
fituation of things, it was thought 
a favourable opportunity, before the 
diflblution of the old Parliament, 
and before the difpofition of the 
people ihould change, to propofe 
an augmentation of the army upon 
that eftablifhments A meflage to * 
that purpofe was accordingly fen t to 
the Houfe by the Lord Lieutenant, 
which occafioned verywarm debates, 
in the courfe of which great mifma- 
nagements, in the prefent military 
eftabliihment of that cotmtry, were 
brought to light : and the queftion 
being at lall put^ upon the requifi- 
tion, it was carried in the negative* 
The material bufinefs of the fup- 
plies being fettled^ and a number 
of public and private billa pafled, 
an end was at once put «. . 
to this fhort feffion, and ^^^^ * °- 
to the Parliament. Great acknow- 
ledgments were ma^de in the Speech 
from the Throne, for the whole 
condud of the Parliament, fbr the 
many fignal proofs they had given 
of their mod affe^iopate attachment 
to his Majefty's perfon, family, a/id 
government; their molt faithful at- 
tention tip the public fervice ; and 
their moil earneft zeal for the pre-^ 
fervation of the conllitution. 

The general deflion was carried 
on with much heat, and violent 
contefls enfucd in many parts of 
the kingdom. The diforders which 
were begun upon this occafion did 
not end with the ele*f\ions. A ge- 

ner^^l 



•84] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



xieral diilktisfadion unhappily pre- 
vailed amoae feveral of the lower 
' erders of the people. This ill 
temper, which was partly occa- 
fioned by the high price of provifi- 
ons> and partly proceeded from 
other caufes, too trequently mtni- 
fefted itfelf in aAs of tumult and 
riot, which were produfdve of 
the moil melancholy confequences. 
Through fome remiiTnefs, the civil 
power feemed to lofe its force and 
energy; and upon too many occa- 
fions to make way for the dangerous 
interpofition of a military force in 
its fupport. The riots and tumultu- 
ous aiiemblies of the coal-heavers 
and failors were a difgrace to the 
police, as well as alarming to the 
repofe and fecurity of the capital. 
The fatal confequences of the un- 
happy affair in St. George's Fields 
are too well known, 
m^ On the meeting of the 

^^T^^' new Parliament, they 
were informed by the Lords Com- 
sniflioners who were appointed to 
open the feffion, tliat nis Majefly 
did not call them together at that 
nncuftomary feafon, to enter upon 
any matters of general bufinefs, but 
merely to difpatch certain parlia- 
mentary proceedings, which we];e 
neceflary for the welfare and fecu- 
rity of his fubjeAs. Thp particular 
matters alluded to in this fpeech, 
were the renewal of feveral of the 
provifion bills^ particularly the ad 
againft the exportation of corn^ 
which were now ne^F expiring. 
The day after the meeting of the 
parliament, a proclamation was 
iffned, by order of the Council, for 
fupprei&ng of riots, tumults, and 
unlawful aflemblies. {^oth Houfes, 

V 



in their addrefs, returned his Ma- 
jefly thanks, for the gracious and 
paternal attention he had manifeiled 
for the profoerity of his people* 
which had inauced him to interpo(e 
his own more immediate authority 
for putdng an end to that dangerous 
difturbanceof the public peace, and 
thofe outrageous a£b of violence in 
defiance of the authority of the civil 

' maeiftrates, which had of late pre- 
vailed to fo alarmine a degree, in 
and near the metropolis. It was 
hoped' that the royal proclamatioa 
wquld effeftually prevent the con- 
tinuance or repetition of fuch dif* 
orders for the future. But if the 
contray (hould happen, both Houfes 
declared that they would eive their 
concurrence in erery meaiure, that 
might enable his Majefly, mofl 
effedlually, to maintain the public 
authority, and to carry the laws 
into due execution. 

The thanks of the Houfc of 

* Commons were voted to the Lord 
Mayor of the city of London, for 
his vigilant and a^ve conduct, in 

S fupport of the laws, and for the 
refervation of the public peace, 
uring the late diflurbances. And 
his Majefly was addreiTed, to order 
a compenfation to be made to 
fbme magidrates who had fuffered 
loffes by the populace, in confe- 
quence of their conduct in the late 
nots in St. George's Fields, and 
fome other places. The provifion 
bills being renewed, and thereby 
the bufinefs for which *it was af- 
fembled concluded, an end was 
put to this fhort feffion, m* 
which however, m regard * 
to the temper of the i^mes, was at 
£r(l ohly by an adjournment. 



CHRONICLE. 



' 

J 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[57 



CHRONICLE. 



JANUARY. 

^ V^ diilurbaiices happeaed 
sn Spital -fields, in regard to the 
maftert having lowerea the price 
of work four-pence per yard ; but 
ax length a dilpute arofe among the 
journeymen*^ dividing themielves 
into two parties, when breaking 
of particalar houfes windows J>er. 
came general, feveral of whom 
were taken into cuftody, to be 
dealt with according to law, among 
whom was a publican, charged as 
a ringleader in the fray. 

Vefterday about nooui a party of 
puu-ds was ordered to march from 
the Tower into Spital-fields, to 
preicnre peace and good order in 
thofe paru, which fo irritated a 
body oi the weavers, that they 
IboliMy opp6red them, with old 
fwords, fticks, and bludgeons, and 
CTcn ftrock fome of the foldiery, 
who were obliged to return the 
lame in their own defence, by 
wkicii feveral were (lightly hurt 
on each fide, and fome of the of- 
frsders obliged to furrender at dif- 
cretion, and were delivered over to 
xht civil power. 

YeHerday morning a watchman 
was found in St. George's-ficlds 
aJmoft frozeii to death, when he 
was carried to a public houfe, and 
p«t before the fire, but foon expir- 
ed. Thift is the third perfon, who 
ia all probability, ]>ath loft hi^ lif^ 
by the above imprudent method.— > 
The conlbu&t cuHom of the nor- 

Vqi. XI. 



thern inhabitants of Europe is to - 
rub the frozen and benumbed 
limbs for fome time with fnow, till 
a due circulation of the blood is 
effeded. 

Yefterday the navigation be- 
tween London and Gravefend was 
entirely (lopped ; ^ fo that great 
quantities qf he^vy goods were 
(ent down to Kent by land car-* 
riage. 

Near 300 poor watermen, fi(her- 
men. Sec in the pariih of Lambeth* 
were relieved with 5s. 3d. each, 
by his grace the archbi(hop of 
Canterbury. 

On Monday the fum of 200 1, 
was diftributed among a great 
number of poor perfons at Al* 
mack's tavern, in Pall Mall^ be- 
ing the amount of a colledion- 
made among the nobility and gen- 
try who frequent that houfe. 

The following are the par- ^ , 
ticulars of the unhappy dif- 
torbances which happened laft Sun- 
day evening among the journey- 
men weavers about Spital-fields, 
and which appeared, upon the 
examination of the parties before 
the fitting magiArates lafl Monday 
at the Rotation-office in White- 
chapel. 

A large body of journeymen 
weavers well armed, having ^(Tem- 
bled on the Sunday night in Bi- 
(hopfgate-Ihreet, they proceeded to 
the houfes of many journeymen 
weavers, diHiaguiihed by the oamei 
of fingle-handed weavers, in re^ 
featment, as they declared^ for the 
[E] lattcC 



581 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



latter having been lately concern- 
ed in deflroying the looms and 
works belonging to the engine- 
loom weavers. At thefe hoafes 
feveral of the journeymen fingle- 
hand weavers were feized by their 
anugonifb, and kept in cuflody 
moft part of the night ; but be/bre 
nomiog they ill made their ef* 
cape, except three men, who were 
OR Monday carried befere Sir Ro- 
bert Darling, knt. and George 
Garret, efq; at the Angd and 
Crown in WhitechapeK In the 
coarfe of a fhridt exa itt iiia tkm of 
the feveral partie9> it appeared that 
th# engine-lconh wearers, .who 
were the complainants, had afte^ 
in a Terv btameable manner, as 
they haa not only a^mbkd and 
taken people into cnAody without 
any legal warrant or authority, 
but that they had fired into feveral 
honfes, and committed divers other 
illegal a^, to the great terror 
of many perfons, and the difhirb* 
ance of the public peace* There* 
fore, upon the conchiAon of this 
examination, which lafted near fix 
hours (in which tlie magiftrates, to 
their honour, a£ted with moch dif- 
cretion and impartiality) the above 
three men who were charged 
with having been concerned with 
iliany others in defboying (bme of 
the engine-loom weavers works, 
upon giving fuiRcient fecurity fwr 
their appearance, were admitted 
to bail, to anfwer the fM charge 
at the enfuing feffions of the peace 
Ibr the county of Middlefex. The 
mob of Journeymen weavers of 
both parties being the greateft al- 
jlioft ever known, during this long 
^MKRUifeRioii, obliged the magi* 
Urates to Ibnd for a party of guards 
to keep thepeace; and at the con- 
eittnon or the muaXp the fingM* 



handed weavers carried oS the 
above three men in triumph. And 
we are alfo informed, that the ma- 
giflnKes were unanimous in opi- 
nion, that no adequate remedy can 
poflibly be applied to put a flop to 
thefe outrageous difturbances be- 
tween the d%reat branches of jour- 
neymen weavers, which threatens 
deibru^ion to this valuable manu- 
fadory, until the legiflatnre ihalt 
have eftabHIbed by law the ftandari 
prices of labour between the wotk- 
men in all the faid various branches 
of buitnefs. , 

The fevere firoft \f hick fet , 
In on the 2ift of laft month, ^ 
has continued with remarkable ri* 
mir, to the gfeat calamity of tho 
lower part of the people, who were 
already feverely diftrefl^d by the 
exorbitant price of provifions. 

This morning the river below 
bridge carried all the appearance 
of a general wreck ; §iips, boats, 
and fmall craf^, ^ying in a very 
confufed manner, fome on Aiore, 
and others funk or overJet by the 
ice. 

A fiftiing boat waa difcovered 
near Deptford creek, clofe choak* 
ed in with ice ; the people were all 
frozen to death; the yoangeft of 
them> a youth about feventee«, 
was found itting as ereA almoft a» 
if alive. 

Extrad of a letter from Bath, of 
the 4th inlla^it. 

•* The weather was extremely 
cold here fail week, partientarly on 
Thurfday ; the mercury in Fahren- 
heit's thermometer, 'even in the 
pump room, ftood at 16 degree* 
below the freezing point, and in 
the open air Aink down to 24 de- 
greei below freezing ; yet fo (hort 
was the duration of this intenfe de«^ 
grec of cold, that )a Mt than 94 

ho0rs« 



For the YEAR 1761 



[59 



ktwn, khc miercury rofc from 24 
degrees below freezing, and'ftood 
at 6 degrees, i. c, it was 18 degrees 
left in that fpace of tim^. Such 
« int'^nf^ degree of cotd> attended 
with To qatck a trnnfitioii) has not 
appeared in thefe parts for 14 years 
ptit. Thk raercary in Ihe barome- 
ter, ID this great cold, flood at 
29.^. and during the above varia- 
tion Ainl^ down to 29. 30. only, at- 
tended with a great fall of fnow." 

Letters from Strafbctrg, dated 
I^. 20, fay, *' That an ordi- 
Btncc of the mlgiftr^tes of that 
vxj was faVcly [^uolifhed by found 
of tnimpet in the mod public parts, 
which forbids all perfoils, without 
fBftin^on of age or fex, country 
or religion, to hcg in that city, 
or within its jnrifdi£lion, publicly 
or privately, on any pretence what- 
focvCr, after the firft of January. 
This ordinance b the refult of a 
general regulation of police, the 
objcft of which is to put a flop to 
tU begging, root and branch ; in 
ord?r to emjft which, proper funds 
art cftablilhed for the fupport 6f 
foch unhappy objefls, whofe age 
and infirmities render them unable 
to get a livelihood ; thofc who ar6 
able are to be fet to work, and to 
iave 3 part "of the profit of their 
labour oy tray of encouragement ; 
ifld the children bf beggars, and 
others imablc to maintain them, 
tnf to be fent to the Foundling 
Hofpttal, and br<)ught up as or- 
phans In that houfe, where they 
iuli be inHnf^tcd in fome buii- 
acft, which their having learned 
there (hall entitle them to carry on 
fratis. 

They t^rrltc from Northamptojrf, 
that on the third inAant, between 
tvdve and one in the ilionring, ^n 
ttfthquske was felt at Cricks in 



that county, which (hook the houfe 
very much, and lafted about a mi- 
nute and three quarters. The (ame 
was alfo felt at Welford, Nafeby, 
and (cveral other places. 

They write frdm Paris that on the 
5:th infant the cold by Reitumur'a 
thermometer was 8f degrees below 
the freezing point. The cold ha» 
been more (cvere here than any thjit 
has happened fince the year 1 709^ 
exceeding that of 1 740 by 4^ de-» 
grees, and being but one degree 
(hort of that in 1 709. 

Letters frohi Vienna advife, that 
the count Corinini had the misfor- 
tune to lofe his life by the late ter- 
rible hurricane and inundation in 
the Tyroleze : this nobleman, one 
of the mod illuftriou^ families, was 
wounded on the head by the fall of 
a ftdne, and died the day following. 
Two officers met alfo with the like 
fate. 

Ld* Chatilberlain's office. , 

His Majcfty hath been "^"* 
moft eracioudy pleafcd to order, 
that the court mournings (hall not, 
for the future, continue longer 
than one half of the time which 
hath been uTually obfervcd. 

HERTFORD. 

An humble addref?, figned by 
the lord mayor, two aldermen, and 
a great number of confiderable ma* 
nufa^lurers and traders of the ci- 
ties of London and Wcftminfter, 
and another (igned by the bailKFs, 
wardens, affifhints, and commonal- 
ty of the art and myilery of wea- 
vers, were prefcntcd to his raajcHy, 
on account of pablic mournings 
being (hortencd, and mod jraci- 
onfly received. 

A great number of Spital-fieldf 

weavers, mafters and journeymen, 

went in grand proceflion from Spi- 

tal-ftelds throtrgh the city to St» 

[El] James's, 



6o] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



James's, in order to return their 
thanks to his Majcfty, for his de- 
claration to (horten> for the future, 
court mournings. 

Monday laft three men were 
jammed in a boat between a large 
body of ice near the ftarlings at 
London-bridge> from about eigltl 
o'clock in Sie morning till pail 
four in the afternoon ; when, at 
the return of the tide, the men all 
happily got on there. A bottle of 
brandy, and fome tobacco, were 
conveyed to thefe poor men, by 
means of a rope from the top of the 
baluftrade at London-bridge. 

The coach given by Mr. Alder, 
of Abingdon, to Mr. Blewctt, the 
Abingdon Aage coachman, is now 
making ; the arms of the Coopers 
company are to be painted, and 
the lupporters two bluecoat-4>oys ; 
and the number 3379* the fortu- 
nate number 6f the' acoool. prize, 
is likewife to be put on the coach. 
, The fevere froft broke 

*^ up, and was fucceeded.by a 
gentle thaw, ,when the navigation 
of the river Thames opened below 
bridge, and the fnorv vaaifhed in 
the country as if by inchantment, 

A few days ago, a poor woman 
in Paris, having only ten fols to 
purchaie a loaf of four pounds, 
which came to thirteen, requelled 
feveral bakers to give her credit for 
the remainiler, but they all refufed 
it; whereupon finding np other 
refoarce, (he came to the refoKition 
to pilfer a loaf; in which (he was 
deleted and carried before a com- 
miflary, to whom ihe declared that 
ihe had an infirm hafband who had 
been fick a long time, and four in- 
fants who had not had a morfel of 
bread for two days. The commi- 
farv pakvl for the loaf, and told her 
be would cnqoire whether flie had 



not impofed on him ; flie condud-* 
ed him to her garret, where they 
found the door fail, and on break- 
ing it open, faw the unhappy 
hufband hanging to a beam, and 
the children almoft perifhing for 
wane 

Letters from Conftantinople of 
the id alt. advife, that the grand 
vizir had difcovered a few days be- 
fore, a confiderable treafure, which 
the Aga Soli man (beheaded about 
twelve years ago) had locked 
up in (everal chefts, and depo- 
fued with. a private man, who ia 
gratitude aflumed the name of So- 
Uman. Upon this difcovery the 
grand vizir committed the man to 
prifon ; and the grand fignior, 
without any other form of proceis, 
had the cheds taken out of the pri- 
foner's Jioufe» and carried to his 
treafury. 

£xtra6i of a " letter from Charles 
Town, South Carolina, Nov. 20. 

*' They write from Weft Flori- 
day, of the 20th paft, that the whole 
number of Cho^ws that maftere4 
to go out againft the Creeks were 
upwards of 800 ; but they all re- 
turned without feeing the enemy 
except the red captain, one of 
our fafteft friends in that nation ; 
he, with a party of 42 men, were 
fet upon near the Cahaba river by 
the Creeks, who killed him, his 
fon, and 24 others. The Chodlaws 
blame a white man, a trader, for 
betray ine them to the Creeks. 
Letters Irom the country of tfie 
Creeks fay, that thev were 100 ia 
number, that they killed thirty out 
of 40 Chodaws, and broueht one 
prifoncr home, whom they ournt : 
they declared the Chodlaws behav-* 
ed with great bravery, for whea 
they had fought till all their am- 
munition was exoendcd, they 

ruflicd 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[61 



rilhed in among the thickeft of 
their enemies, knoeking them 
down with their tomahawks, and 
the butt ends of their mafkets. 
The Creeks own the lofs of 1 2 
men, among whom were Molton, 
another good friend of ours, his 
ion, and the Oakfaikee King. The 
viftors delivered the gorget, medal, 
tod commiffion of the red captain, 
who was a great-medal chief, to 
Mr. Hewitt, a trader, in order to 
be tranfmitted to the commiflary, 
or the faperintendant who appoint- 
ed him.'* 

181L ^ young man, only fon of 
a perfon of confiderable pro- 
perty near Wimbledon in Surry, 
was tried at the quarter feffions at 
St MargaretVhill, for violently 
|ifiulting his own father, and fir- 
ing at mm twice, but proViden? 
tiaily mified him. The trial be- 
tween ^ther and fon was truly af- 
feding ; the father (hewing all the 
tendemefs imaginable towards the 
o&ndcr, who pleaded long himfelf 
from a brief he had, which in no 
^e tended to exculpate him ; 
whereopon he was found guilty, 
and fent to the New gaol till he 
receives fentence ; at which the 
father cried bitterly, a^d would 
Bot be c9mforte4* 

The feffions ended at the Old 
Bailey, when feyen priibners re- 
ceived judgment of death, eighteen 
were fentenced tfi be traniported 
for feven years^ two branded in the 
hand, eight ordered to be privately 
whipped, two to be publicly whip- 
ped, and eight were difcharged by 
pfcdamation. 

At (his feffions, Capt. Smith was 
tried upon feven ind laments, for 
pnbliihing forged receipts in his 
accoont to hi« ownen, and honour- 
thiy acquitted. 



This day Daniel Afgood, a 
bargeman, who was capitally con- 
vidled on Saturday for ^he murder 
of William Ridley, a watchman in 
Water-lane, was executed at Ty- 
, burn, purfuant to his feutence. 

Extras of. a letter from Paris» 
of the ad inil. 

'* It is cuflomarv for the major 
of this city to go daily to enquire 
concerning the health of the royal 
Family, when any of thofe valua- 
ble perfonages are in danger. The 
etiquette is, to enter into the apart- 
ment, and fpeak to the auguil 
fick perfon for whom the' city of- 
fer up their prayers. Since the 
queen h^o been in danger, the ma- 
jor has attended to his duty, but 
was not introduced to her Majef- 
ty's chamber ; he only received a 
written certificate. The provoft of 
the merchants hath made reprefen- 
tations thereupon at Verfailles, in 
the name of the corporation, to - 
which regard has been paid ; and 
for fome days paft the major has* 
heen admitted mto the queen's 
chamber, and her Maiefty charged 
him to thank the gentlemen of the 
city, in her name, and hath herfelf 
given him an account of the date 
of her health." 

They write from the fame place» 
that the queen is afraid any loneer 
to embrace her children. A few 
days ago, it feems, (he exprefled 
her uneafmefs to her phyfician a- 
bput the danger of communicating 
her diflemper to them by her ca- 
reffes, upon the general fuppofi- 
tion that disorders of the breajt or 
lungs are catching : and perhaps 
her Majeily might dfo intend there- 
by to difcover the true ftate of her 
diflemper, upon which fhe had hi- 
therto been greatly flattered. Her 
phyfician was embarraffed, and 
J£ 3] made 



64] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Extraft of a. letter from Man- 

hcim. 
" On the ift inftant, the elec- 
tor, our fovereign, b^iag defirous 
to celebrate and immortalize that 
|day» as being the 25th anniverfary 
of his reign, inflituteS a new order 
of knighthood, entitled, the order 
of the Palatine- lion. His cledoral 
highnefs that day honoured Hxteen 
of the principal noblemen of h|s 
court v^th the enfigns of this or- 
der. The number of knights is 
never to exceed twenty-five ; and 
no perfcn can be admitted till he 
has been in the fervice of the elec- 
toral Palatine family twenty-five 
ycara^ His ele£toral highnefs has 
like wife ordained, that no perfon 
ihall be admitted to the order of 
St. Hubert till he has previoufly 
been honoured with that of the 
Palatine-lion.*' 
g , About ten at night the 

Queen of Denmark was fafe- 
ly delivered of a prince, to the in- 
exprefiible happinefs of her royal 
confort, and the whole court* 
Her Majefty and the new-born 
prince are both as well as can be 
^xpe6led. This very important 
and much defired event happened 
but an hoqr or two before the 
anniverfary of the King of Den- 
mark's own birth-day, which was 
celebrated at Copenhagen with 
(double fcftivity. The birth of 
an hfir male to the crown has 
compleatly fulfilled the ardent 
wifhes and prayers of the public, 
and -confequcndy fpread a real 
joy through .Vl -ranks of people. 
Immediately after it wa5 made 
known, the foreign minitlcr^, and 
all the nobility, waited upon the 
King, who was plcafed to receive 
tbeir compliments of congratula- 
tion, and to exprefs the faiisfac- 



tion received from their attentloii 
on this intereftinr event. Thf 
Kine of Denmark bellowed feveral 
marks of favour on this happy 
occafion. 

His Majefty went to the . 
houfe of peers, and gave the ^ 
royal afTent to the following bills: 
The bill to continue and amend 
an ad for allowing the free impor- 
tation of faked beef, pdrk, bacon, 
and. butter, from Ireland, for ^ 
limited time ; and for allowlne the 
free importation of falted beef, 
pork, butter, and bacon, from the 
Britiih dominions in Anierica, for 
a limited time. 

The bill to pnablc his Majefty 
to Ucenfe a piayhoufe in the city of 
Bath. 

And to fuch other private bills 
as were ready. 

Yefterday was held a general 
court of^ the Eaft-India Company « 
when many important affairs were 
communicated to them by the 
court of direflprs, particularly in 
relation to the bill for reflrain- 
ing the Company from piaking 
any further dividends than 10 per 
(pent, per ann. for a> limited time ; 
and the court came to a refolution 
to petition the houfe of lords, that 
the faid bill may not pafs into a 
law. They likewife came to a re- 
folution to add five gentlemen in 
the diredion to the chairman, or 
deputy-chairman, whenever pub- 
lic bufinefs might require fuch af- 
fiftance. 

The republic of Venice has juft 
iffued a decree, forbidding all the 
religious orders of mendicants, 
and alfo the Tefuits, from receiv- 
ing any noviciate for twenty years 
to come. The faid republic has 
aUb refolvfd to fupprefs the large 
pcnfion which they ufed to grant 



For the YEAR 1768. 



£65 



to focb of Its citiaens as obtained 
xhe cardinalihip. 

Mr. Mon&gae, his Polilh Ma* 
jelly's agent, prefented to the Royal 
Society a large gold medaU ftruck 
at Warfaw, and tranfmitted as a 
fpecimen of the progrefs of the 
aru in Poland. On one fide i$ a 
rcry fb-ong^Ukenefs of the King in 
alt relief; on the revcrfe, three 
different wreaths of oak, laureU 
and myrtle, encircling the word 

MCRENTIBUS. 

A moft horrid murder was com- 
mitted at Wooton-Underidgc, in 
{jbnceilerlhire, by one Walling- 
ton, a (hearmans who, about ten 
in the morning, left his work, and 
m a cruel manner murdered his 
own father. It has fmce appeared, 
tbat the murderer was out of his 
mind : for upon his examination 
he (aid he had feen a vifion, and 
that the devil had/ conmianded 
him to do the murder exadly at 
ten o'clock ; and it was obferved 
that he went out feveral times, to 
look at the clock, ^d that he kept 
kb time precifely. He then went 
to a neighbour, and with feeming 
fatisfadton told him '* he had done 
U ;** and being afked what, his 
anTwer was, ** he had killed his 
father." 

On the reprefentations of the 
ambaflador from Great Britain, a 
(hip of that nation, which was 
detained in the arfenal at Conilan- 
tinople has been releafed. The 
dragoman of the French conful at 
pairo, named RoboH, arrived late- 
ly in that capital ; and is now in 
prifon at Bagne. Some ferious con- 
fe^uences are apprehended from 
this a£iir. Other advices from 
Cairo fay, that Ali Beg had col- 
Icded an army together, and had 
faken po^fiion of the Nile above 



and below the town, fo as to pre- 
vent any provifions pafling ; which 
had occafioned the greatefl coniler- 
nation. And from' Alexandria of 
a later date, the 23d of Odober» 
that feven begs of the town had 
collected an army, and divided it; 
the one that attacked above the 
town was entirely routed, and the 
other in the greatefl confufion ; fo 
that it u apprehended that Ali Beg 
will foon be mafter of both cities. 

The caufe fo long depending 
between the late Mr. Barnes and 
the poft-maHer of Jiath, concern- 
in? the de^nd of halfpence for 
delivering letters at the houfes of 
the perfons to whom dire6led, was 
moved in the king's bench; whea 
opinion was given, that the demand 
of any money over and f bove the 
ufual rates of poftage, for deliver- 
ing letters at the houfes to which 
they arediredted, was illegal; and 
judgment was ordered to be enter- 
ed accordingly. 

They write from Berlin, that the 
lord niarfhal, brpther to the late 
field marftial Keith, and governor 
of Neufchatel, a principality upon 
the confines of Switzerland, -ha» 
defired and obtained the King's 
leave to refign, and his Majefty 
like wife continues to him hb ap« 
pointments. He is fucceeded by 
lieutenant-general Lentulus. The 
fieur Michel, who was many years 
charged with the affairs of this 
court at London, and was fince 
fub-governor of the above princi- 
pality, has alfo obtained leave to 
reiign, and the King has granted 
him a penfion of 1 000 crowns. 

The following ohfervations 06 
the late fevere cold, were made by 
a gentleman of Glafgow College, 
and communicated by a ktter of 
the 5 th inftant; 



4J63 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



^ in oar clinvat^ the air is com- 
monly rcckoncvl warm when the 
•mercury in Falirenheit's thermo- 
meter is at 64. degrees. Water 
freezes w hen it is at 32 degrees; 
juid o is the beginning of the fcaJe. 

In the year 1731, the cold funk 
the thermometer in Pcnnfylvanta 
to 5 degrees. In 1 706 and 1 709, 
at Paris, to 8 degrees. In 1 729, 
in Leyden, to 5 degrees ; and at 
Utrecht, to 4 degrees. In 1709 
jsmd I73i> in London, to o; and 
4K Copenhagen, it was the fame. 
In 1732, at Upfal, it was at 1 de- 
gree below o. At Tjrnco in Swe- 
;3en» latitude 63 deg. 51 min. it 
wns at 33 degrees below o, which 
was a degree of c ^Id as much be- 
low the cold of freezing water, as 
that is below the ordinary hoar of 
-the human body. 

In the year 1740, at St. An- 
-drews, it was 1 1 degrees at ten 
o'clock before noon. In fome 
other parts of Scotland at g de- 
*j^re<f6 ; and in a certain place in 
^irlhirc, it is faid to have been at 
i6dogiees| which is the lowed in 
that year of which we have any 
account. 

Sunday laft, at ten o'clock be- 
fore noon, the thermometer, when 
■Jiang upon a pole near the ob- 
fcrvatory, and in the Ihade, y^ns 
5 degrocs ; upon obfcrving this 
dcgicc of cold at this time of the 
6s^y, a fufpicion arofe, that it mu^t 
have been much colder early in the 
morning ; upon which the ther- 
mometer was placed aboot half an 
inch under the fur face of the (now, 
and in the -fhade ; and after a few 
mivutca it funk to 2 degr^s be- 
llow o. At 2 o'clock in the after- 
Jioon, when hung upon the pole, 
it wa« 11 degroei, though there 
was a fcrene iky and -fin^ funlhine. 



At 6 o'clockitfell to half a degree 
above o. From 9 o'clock to 1 1 , it 
was at 2 degrees below o. After 
1 1 , it gradually rofe; fo that before 
5 on Monday mocning it was at 1 2 
degrees. When it was at 2 degrees 
below o at dte oWervatory, it was 
at 4 degrees in the back yard of a 
college honfe, though near a low 
room, in which there was a con- 
flantand great £re; at 2 degrees, 
when hung upon the ftdc of a win- 
' dow in the firil ftory ; and at 1 de- 
gree, when hung at a difhuice 
from the houfc. 

That no miftakes* might happen 
in the above experiments upon the 
cold at the obfcrvatory, there were 
made ufe of upon this occafion three 
ftandard thermometers, two of them 
mercurial, and the other a fpirit 
one, all exa^ly graduated by Fah- 
renheit's fcale. 

A letter from Paris, dated Jan. 
22, fays, *• the faculty of medicine 
having aflcmblcd \zft week, the part 
theyfliould takewithrefpeft to inno- 
culation came under confi deration ; 
there were 32 voices ajainft 23 for 
tolerating it, and eight or ten doc- 
tors declined giving their opinion : 
from whence it is concluded, that 
a more numerous afTembly will be 
convoked to detrrmiae this impor- 
tant queftioa." 

The dates gcneral'have appointed 
Wednefday the i7tli of this month 
to be obfervcd as a day of fafting, 
prayer, and th^nfcfg-iving, through- 
out the United Pronnces. 

A letter from Prague, dated Jan. 
4, fays, " fevcral perfons (killed in 
commerce are arrived here and in 
Moravia, to infpeft the.manufi^c- 
toi-es carrying on in this country, 
and to make a report thereof to the 
council by whom tlicy are com- 
mifliooed. A mimber of people 

hav9 



For the YEAR 1768, 



[67 



UTftfdbfcxikcdat Virana, for efta- 
yiiog a fond and focifity of com- 
jjercc in linen doth to trade to 
tkt pom of Spain, by the way of 

Genoa. 

They write ftom Liibon. ^that 
Don Emanudide Sufa, governor of 
tkeificofSt. Catherine, had ient 
£rt jcfuits home, on board a Por- 
iBtnefe firittate of war, in irons, 
accded of dangerous pcaaices 
minft the ftate. 

The e»p/da of Rnffi^ has a^gn- 
ed the fum of 4000 robles, and 
■lined thirty marine officers, to 
oUerre, la eight different places, 
thcpaflage of Venus over the fon'j 
diik, on ikc sd of June, 1769- 

TheKiog* of Denipark and Swe- 
den have affigned 9000 crowns each 
fertheC^fne pnrpoie. 

There are now living at a village 
called Hayford, in Oxfbrdihire, 
three men and two women, whofe 
ages pot together amount to 503 
years, and feme few nionths. 

Died latdy. in the ifle of Sky in 
Scotland, Mr. Donald McGregor, 
a fcrmer there, in the 1 1 7 th year of 

his age. , r 1. *^ • 

In Italy, father Jofeph-Mane 
Vilefchi de FIrizano, at the age of 
ic8 years, in the convent of Au- 
gaftines at GalcaU, wJicre he had 
fcn Prior 70 years. He was d- 
ways extremely fpber ; but ever 
fiace he wasa8 y«t« of^g€ he had 
^ccnftemed himfclf to breakfaft 
every day upon a cruft of bread 
ftceped in a glais of ftrong wine, 
whidi he took the morning of the 
i^Y on which he died. 

Bartholomew Galet, of St. Ther- 
■ay, near Qcment, 'died there on 
the yfi inftant, a«d" loi. He had 
been thrice married, and has left a 
dnld of dercn monthi old. 



At Trie in Gafcony, Philip La- 
roque, butcher, aged 102 years ; 
he cot four large teeth fmce his 
9ad year ; he got drunk regularly 
twice a week ; and worked at the 
moH laborious part of his bafinefi 
till his looth year. 

At hishoufe near Banftead, Sur- 
fj, aged 102, Mr. Humphry Wool- 
fton, a wcdthy farmer and graaier, 
and formerly a contraAor for fee v- 
ing the navy withoxen. 

A few days ago, at Rathcoffy, in 
the county of Kildare in Ireland, 
aged 102, Mrs. Alice Dunn, a wi- 
dow gentlewoman, who retained 
^cr fcnfes to the laft. 

Laftweek died, at Burythorpc> 
near Malton, in Yorkftire, Fran- 
cis Cpnfit, aged 150 years. He 
was maintainwl by tlve parifh above 
fixty years, and retained his (eniep 
tothcverylail. • 



FEBRUARY. 

Twenty-fix prifoners, whofe 
d?bts amounted from 408. to 
61. each, were difcharged from the 
Poultry Compter, by fome gene- 
rous benefaftor ; each prifoner, at 
his difchargc, received the furplus 
money, amounting to about 309. 
eaoh : and next day fcvcral prifo- 
aers were likewife difcharged from 
Wood-ftreet Compter, by the fame 
benefador. 

The new-born fon of his cx^d- 
lency the lord-lieutenant of Ireland 
was chriftened at the caftle of Dub- 
lin, by the name of Frederick. 
His Majcfty by proxy, and the duke 
of Leiedler, were god-fathers, and 
the conntefs of Moyra was god- 
mother. The ceremony was per- 
' formed by the lord primate. The 
datchefs of Grafton, in 1725, was 

the 



68] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



the laft lieo^enant's lady brought 
to bed in that kingdom. 

A male elk was carried to Rich- 
mond, as a prefent to his Majefly. 
It is a very carious and oncommon 
beaft ; is of a moufe colour ; its 
head and ears like a male ; its neck 
fo remarkably (hort, that it kneels 
to feed s its legs like a deer ; is 
about twelve hands and a half 
high ; and being but ten months 
old, will probably be much higher. 
It is very quiet, and very much ad- 
mired. , 

The wife of a foldier in the 
guards having purchafed a bed of 
a broker in Drury-lane; in carry- 
ing it home upon her head, thought 
(he felt fomething hard in it. Upon 
opening the feam to fee what it 
was, found 42 guineas and two 
^ueen Anne'i crown pieces. 

Friday lall Willum £van5, a 
journeyman weaver, charged with 
cutting and deibroying works out 
of the loom of another journeyman 
weaver, was re-exanined at the 
Public Office in Bow-flrect, before 
Sir John Fielding, Knt. William 
Kelynge, Jofeph Girdler, Paul 
Vaillant, and Thomas KynaHon, 
Efqrs. when the evidence appear- 
ing clear and positive, Evans was 
committed to Newgate, and the 

Parties bound over to profecute. 
"his examination was attended by 
a great number of the moft refped- 
able manufadtnrers from Spital- 
fields, who exprefled their readi- 
aefs to give to that ufefol body of 
men, their journeymen, the waecs 
they themfelves hadrequeiled : in- 
deed it did not appear, either from 
Evans the prifoner, or any other 

Serfon, that there was the leaft 
iflatisfa^ioD fubliding at prefe^it 
amongd the journeymen weavers 
relative to thcu wages ; and among 

4 



other infonces of candour expreffeJ 
by the mafters that day, was the 
following remarkable one, namely^ 
that, though they were now pof- 
fefled.of fuch lights as might be 
the means of bringing many of 
thefe unhappy wretches to juftice, 
fome of whom have doubtlefs been 
mined by the wickednefs of a few, 
yet they would wi(h to profecute 
fuch only as may* ferve to ftrike at 
the root of their moft unwarrant- 
able proceedings, and fuch as the 
common juftice due to the pub ic 
may necefiarily require; and in 
thefe fentiments the magifbrates 
concurred. 

The a£t for limiting -the • 
duration of parliaments in ^' * 
Ireland, which pailed the commons 
in that kingdom, having received 
hit Majefty's royal approbation, 
was returned by exprefs to Dublin. 
By this a£t the parliament in Ire- 
land is limited to eight years ; for 
as it fits but every other year, a fcp- 
tennial bill would have compre- 
hended only three feffioos.. 

Whitehall, Feb. %, The King 
has been pleafed to ifTue his com- 
miilion under the great feal, autho- 
rizing and empowering Richard 
Sutton. William Blair, and Wil- 
liam Frazer, Efqrs, or any two of 
them, to execute the office of keej>- 
er of his Ma jelly's privy fe?l, for 
and daring the (pace and term of 
fix weeks; and alio to grant, during 
his Majeliy's pleafure, determinable 
nevertheleis at his Majefiy's plea- 
fure, to the rieht hon. William earl 
ot Chatham, the faid office of keep^ 
er of hb Majefty's privy feal, from 
and after the faid term of fix weeks* 
or other ft oner determination of 
the faid commiffion. 

A fire broke out at the honfe of 
Mr. Butler, leather-cutter, on Snow- 

hiU. 



A 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[69 



UU, which entirely confomed the 
(kme, together with the houfeof Mr. 
Cooper » a hatter adjoining, and 
likewife that of Meflrs. Jarvis» Ster- 
rj, and Newman, leather-cn iters 
and carriers : the flames raged for a 
great while with incredible fury, 
aad decoyed feveral work-ihops 
and oathoufes backwards, and had 
fpread to a timber-yard adjoining 
before they could be esctingaiibed, 
vkich was in a great meafure ac- 
compli^ed by the adiivity of the 
ptTioan of the New River com- 
paojr* who, bv digging up the 
groitad, and borinfi; holes through 
ue pipes, fuppUed the engines with 
wuer> which before conld not be 
prouired. Happily no lives were 
loft. 

Friday morning a melancholy ac- 
cident happened at Dover, in fa- 
lodog the rrench ambaflador on his 
Ixftding at Dover : two men, who 
were re-loading a cannon at M oat^ 
bttlwjuk, were killed in a moft 
ibocking manner. 

Extrad of a letter from Cambridge. 
" The late Dr. Smith, mailer of 
Trinity, was the latt of fir Ifaac 
Newton's philofophical fet of 
friends. He has left 30001. to the 
Qoiverfity. The intereil of one half 
to enlarge the Pinmian profeHbr^ 
ihip of aftronomy, which he for- 
merly enjoyed hioifelf ; the intereil 
of the other to the two batchelon 
of arts, who fiiall appear to have 
jnade the greatell progr cfs in the 
philofophical and mathematical 
Hodies. Thc(e prizes are to be deter- 
Bined after they have taken their 
degrees by a fele£t body of our fe- 
aior members.'' 

The King of Sweden has lately 
iflbed an ordinance, forbidding the 
poor to bee publicly, either in this 
f^^iul 9r Its neighbourhopd( Di- 



vers arrangements were taken at the 
fame time, by which a fubfi Hence 
is provided for the indigent, who 
are unable to procure themfelves a 
livelihood. 

His Majefty's ihip Fame, of 74 
guns, which was driven on the 
rocks in PlymcAith Sound, and 
- bulged, was weighed and buoyed off 
at high water, by confiderable quan- 
tities of cafks, fupplied from the 
vidualling-office there, and feme 
fmall veffels being lalhed to her. 
She is now in the dock tQ undergo 
a repair, and which will make her 
as good a fhip as at firfl. Had (he 
remained on the rocks till the late 
ftormy weather, it is faid, (he muft 
unavoidably have been beaten to 
pieces. 

We hear^that a mailer, mate, and 
feven Teamen remained on board 
the Fame during all the time of her 
diftrefs, a good part of which time 
her hold and lower gun-deck were 
full of water ; and that for their 
good behaviour they will be re- 
warded with promotion. 

By a letter from Bruton, near 
Wells, in Somerfetfhire, we have 
an account, that upwards of thifcy 
perfons loft their lives in the late 
'great fnows: a gentleman on 
horfeback was dug out of the fnow 
on the road near Mendip hills, the 
man and horfe being froze to 
death ; upwards of fifty guineas, 
and fome notes of value were 
found in the gentleman's cloak- 
bag. 

£xtra£l of a letter from Philadel- 
phia. 
•* From Alexandria, in Virginia, 
wf learn, that a number of negroes 
there had lately confpired to poi* 
fon their overfeers, and that feveral 
perfons have lo/l their lives in con- 
i'equencc thereof; that fome of 

the 



161 



ANNUAL REGIStES. 



the negroes hare been taken op, 
fottr of whom were executed abcmt 
th«rec weeks a.ga> after which their 
heads ivere cut ofl\ and fixed on 
the chimnies ' of the coirt-hoofel 
and it was expedled that fbur more 
would foon meet with the fame 
fate. 

The grand ftgaior has given hil 
cldeil diDghter, a princeis of feVen 
years old^ to Hk nizanjx«>ba(hi ; 
and yefterday th* grand-yizir 
cUathed him with the pelltce> ^and 
declared hhn fon«>in*law to the 
faltan. This yoiUkg princefs is the 
widow of the ktc vizir, ^ho was 
beheaded three years ago at Mete* 
liae» 

g^ This day his excellency the 
* count de Chatelet, ambaiTa^- 
dor from France, was at court for 
the firfl time, and made a very 
fpiendid appearance ; his coach was 
very elegant, made in London, 
drawn by &k black horfes ; the ha^* 
nefs was made of red leather, 
Pitched with white, and hts fervants 
were drelTed in rich liveries, green 
and gold* 

The late fir Robert Rich, ban. 
is faid to have died with large pof- 
feffions, the bulk of which, amount- 
ing to more than 100,000! . comes 
to his foci general Rich, who fuc- 
ceeds him alfo in the title— Sir 
Robert has* in particular, lelt 
500!. a year to lady Lyttleton, 
and 500L a year in reverfion to 
6ir Francis Bbike Debval, Kinght 
of the Bath. 

Two of the nine convi^ 
under fentence of death in 
Neweate, were this day executed 
at 1 ybum. The other fcven are 
reprieved. 

They write from New York, 
that on the aift of De)cember» the 
Society for proaioting arts, 4rc« 



loth. 



held a meetittgf^ v^hiifi a fA^mioM 
of id. was adjudged to Thomits 
Youngs of Oyi!*T-Bay, for iM 
larg^ft nmfery of applc-tiWs, be- 
ing 27,123. 

The propoAt for (tliitig np tiMS 
bnfihefs of fiik^throt^ng vm readi 
bet judged in^oj^er , a! leaft at pre- 
fern, for this colony. 

Certificate from j^Oml Chttkt 
and Francis Fumier, df SofoUc 
county, that from the ytat t'f62» 
to the ift of April, lj6yi the firfl 
had fet 3,200 vihesi and the otbei' 
1 55 1 vines, wis referred to two of 
themeihberSi togivethdraffilbnCe 
in prbcnritig thexh the ptekniom 
from the Lohdon fotiety. 

Philip P. Schuyler, Eftjj bdnaj 
prefent at the meeting, informen 
them^ that h^ had ere€led a flax- 
mill at SariAto^a in the year 1767, 
and d<*tiVeri*d to the fociety a cal- 
cuhition of the diff^ence of th^ 
work done by the taill and by the 
hand in the fame timei where- 
upon they adjudged a medal to Mr. 
Schuyief, and returned him their 
thanks^for executing fo tifi^nl a dea 
ligA in the pi^ovince. 

Lord Baltimore volunuri* ^ 
ly forrcftdered himfelf in the 
court of king's bench, upon th^ 
charge that had been exhibited 
againft him before fir John Fields 
ing, by &irah Woodcock, for a 
rape, and was adniitted to bail. 
At the fame time Mrs. Oriffen<< 
bnrgh, who had voluntarily fur* 
rendered herfclf to fir John Field- 
ine> and was by him committed to 
pnfon, for aiding and afifHng hit 
fordlhip, was, m like manner> 
brought before that honourable 
court, and admitted to bail. At 
was flifo Mn. Hervey, who about 
feven weeks ago had been com- 
mitted to Nn^ale by the jafUc^ 

for 



Fof the YEAR 1768. 



lit 



for the fame affenee. Hi* lord- 
£^ip*^ bmU» wa« himfclf in 4000I. 
and four fureties of loook each: 
ami die two womea tbemfelTes in 
400I. each, and four fareties in 
looLeach. 

The gmt docliefs of Tufcany 

wa« lirQQgkt to bed this morning, 

between fonr and five o'clock, of 

a pnacc, and both are as w^ll as 

cas be expelled. Thti happy 

erenuwas announced at break of 

day to the public by the difchargc 

of an hundred cannon from the 

fsctrefs chat u the roofl diilant 

from tbe palace. Her royal high- 

ne^ was at pnbHc ball in maik lafl 

ni^ht at the theatre, where (he 

fapped, and retired from thence as 

ofoal abont twelve* The chriilen- 

a Bg 15 to be performed this creoiDg 

in the great hall of the palace : 

tlK e m per o r is godfather, and is to 

be r r p rc f e m cd by count Rofcnberg. 

To-morrow the great duke will re- 

ceirc the compliments of the fo- 

rrien mini(lers» and his fubje^s 

kiis his hand on this occafion ; 

after which his royal highncfs will 

dine in public, as is his cuftom on 

any great folemnity, and a great 

gala IS to be continoed for four 

days. 

There having been a continued 
lall of fnov and rain for four and 
twenty hoars at Leeds, in York- 
ftire, which began on the 9th in 
the momingy their river rofe the 
day following, overflowed its banks, 
fwept away all before it that was 
sDoveaMe, and laid the whole neigh-, 
boa f hood ander water ; but in the 
afternoon of that day, the flood 
abated, and many who had left 
their honfes through fear return- 
ed ; bat, before they were well fet- 
ded, a fecond fvreil of the river 
drove them out again the fame 



night, and they were eblig(*d ttp 
remove to the higher parts of th» 
town 10 ra\re tbeir livesi b« thks 
rife, \»h'ch happened fuddenty, as 
fuddenly fubuded ; and before day^ 
light, on Thurfday mornings tim 
houfes that had been abandoaed' 
orer-niglit were again habitable* 
But in a few hours the rain bega» 
to fall more heilvily than ever; and 
on the Friday morning the flood 
rofe higher by feveral inches thaa> 
ac any time before, and contia«od> 
at near an equal height almoft tbe 
whole d^.y ; infomuch* that tbe. 
conflcrnation of the inhabicanta 
became inexpreflible.— Leeds kow-^ 
ever, is not the only place in thd 
north that was alarmed by this ia« 
undation ; the river Calder rofe ftill 
higher than the other, and was ait«- 
tended with more dillrefsful ci»- 
cumftances. 

Wcdnefday, after a trial of feva- 
ral hours before the lord chief jaf^ 
tice Wilmot, the will of the lata 
fir Thomas Clarke, m:*iler of the 
rolls, waff confirmed ; but his <t>- 
pyhold eftate, being fomc inclofed 
grounds on Harapilead-hca^h, wa» 
adjudged to belong to the heir aC 
law, who clearly made out his .^fi- 
nity. 

They write firom Arnlielm, thae 
the d kes in that country are in fucb 
danger of breaking every moment 
by the inundations which have fW- 
lowed the lafl frofl, that three 
thoufand men have been perpeto^ 
ally employed ever fince tnc 29tb 
paft, in (Irengthening the dike near 
Nimeguen, which is fo weakened^ 
that t£?y are obliged to keep wodt* 
lag on it night and day. 

The French ambafi'ador ha<j gi«» 
en orders^ to have enquiry made 
into the fttoation of the ftoaiUea 
of the twa poor fl^eii> wbp were 



72] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



17th. 



killed in loading the.guns to falute 
him on his landing in Englan 1 : 
his excellency having very humane- 
ly declared, that he will provide 
for them in fuch a manner, as to 
more thanamplyrecompence everv 
pecuniary lofs the families of thefe 
onfortonate men may fuflain from 
their deaths. 

The North mail, which ge- 
neially arrives on Monday 
morning, was not arrived ycftcrday 
'morning at eleven o'clock. 

Wednefday laft there "was the 
greateft flood ever known at Here- 
lord : the water came into Wye- 
bridgc-ftreet as high as the Royal 
Oak ; and on Thurfday all the ^t 
.country near Rofs was overflowed. 
The caufeway between Rofs and 
Wilton was (o much under water, 
that feveral people in returning 
from Rofs market miffed the caufe- 
way» and mull have been drowned 
if iome boats had not fortunately 
come to their afliilance. 

Letters from Carmarthcnfliire 
mention, that all the vale was en- 
tirely overflowed, and that moft of 
the bridges had been borne down 
by the rapidity of the torrent. 

On Tuefday the flood was fo 
violent at Bafleleg, that Trcdegar- 

Sark was overflowed* and many 
eer carried down bv the curvent, 
but moH of them were uken up by 
boats. 

There was a very heavy fnow 
in Shropihire on Tuefday laft. 

They write from Oxford, that 
the right hon. the earl of Lichfield, 
thancellor of that nniverfity, has 
eAabliihed two annual prizes of the 
value of 20I. each ; the one for a 
copy of Engiifh verfet, the other 
for a Latin diflfcrution : and the 
following are the fubje£ls propofed 
ibr theprefent year, viz. 



For the Engiifh verfcs. 
The Conquest OF Quebec* 

For the Latin diiTertation, 
Artis Prosunt Reipublica* 
The firfl prize is intended for 
fuch gentlemen of the univerfity as 
have not exceeded four years from 
the time of their matHculation ; 
and the other for fuch as have not 
com pleated feven years. — The cx- 
erciies are to be fent, under a feal- 
ed cover, to the regiller of the uni- 
verfity, before next Afcenfion-day, 
The author is required -to conceal 
his name, and to diftingniih hit 
compofition by whatever motto he 
pleafes ; fending at the fame time 
his name and motto fealed up un- 
der another cover. — The cxercifes 
to which the prizqs are adjudged 
are to be repeated (after a previous 
rehearfal) in the theatre upon the 
commemoration day» immediately 
before the orator or poetry profci- 
fot's Crewian oration. 
Extrad of a letter from a gentle- 
man at Thorpe in Yorklhire, 
to his friend in London* dated 
Feb. 1 1 . 

** However incredible the follow- 
ing particulars may appear, yon 
may be affured of the veracity of 
them : about a year iince, an old 
man of this place, aged 94 years, 
was married to a woman of 83, by 
whom he had a child born on the 
29»h of laft mouth, which is likely 
to live, as the mother went her full 
time. 

Lad night died in Great Ruflel- 
flrect. Bloom (bury, the right hon. 
Arthur Onllow, cfq; one of his Ma- 
jefty*6 moft honourable privy coun- 
cil, and fpeaker of the houfe of 
commons for upwards of 33 years 9 
he was the third of his family wha. 
had been nomiiiated to that high 
office. 

»3d. 



Pat the YEAR 1768. 



[73 



^ J "This day h w Maje% gave 
'^ tbc royal iffeAt to the fol- 
J^triag hills : 

The bill for .further regulating 
ike proceedings of the united com- 
f^y of merchants trading to the 
fiaft-Udiesj with refpeA to making 
of dividends. 

The bill for the batter regulatiotv 
<ifhis Mildly 'sjnarine forces while 
on (bore. * 

The bill for the more fpeedy 
aa4 efcftttal tcaai^ortation . of ft- 

The bill for gi^niing an aid to 
•fci^MrMefty for diibanding the army* 
aii4Mher nece(iary occaftons, as re- 
late .10 the 'Duoibar ^ troops kept 
apon the Irifli eftabUduoent. 

Tlie bill for providing proper 
KCPQunodatian for his IVlajefty's 
joftices of the great feilions in 
V^alcs, during the time of holding 
fuch ieflions. 

The bill -for rehuildiog and en- 
Jargiog the compion gaol of the 
^citj^aiui county of Coventry ; and 
lor appointii^ a place for the cuf- 
<ody of prifoners in the mean 
tune. 

The bill for more'eff^ually fup- 
pI^^Qg the town of Halifax with 
vateo Uc 

Tlie bill for jnakiog and biiild- 
ioig a convenient exehange in the 
ciiy of Glafgow, for enlarging .St. 
Andrew's church-yard > and for 
boilding a bridge over the river 
Clyde, ice 

The bill for enlightening* pav- 
>Dg> cleaafin^ the ftreets, and for 
better reenlatuig^the nightly watch 
aad beadles, and for regulating 
tlie poor of the pariih of St. Mary 
ie Bone in the county of Middle- 

The bill for making and main- 
tmiog a aavigahle cat or canal 
Vot. XL 



frooi Birmingham to Bililon* and 
for making collateral cuts and 
waggon ways from feveral coal- 
mines* and for continuing the faid 
canal to Autherly* there to com- 
municate with the canal now mak-* 
ing between the riVcrs Trent and 
Seve/n. 

And to fuch road and inclofure 
iiills as wertf then ready. 

Four caufes were tried at Guild- 
hall* London* by fpecial juries, be^ 
fore the right hon. Sir Eardley 
Wilmot* knt. chief juflice of the 
court of common pleas* wherein 
ieveral iQerchants were plaintiffs* 
and the hon. James Murray, £fq; 
late governor of Quebec, was de- 
fendant* for recovering divers fuma 
of money levied by way of duties 
upon fpirits imported : when* after 
a full hiearing which lafled feveral 
hours* verdids were given for the 
feveral plaintiffs for all fuch duties 
as had been impofed by the defen* 
dant over and above the French 
duties, together with damages and 
.cofts of fuit. 

They Write from Newcaftlc* that 
on the loth inflant the river Toes 
overflowed fo muchf. that the mil- 
ler of Wyclitfc-mill in Yorkfbirc, 
neat Barnard-cafUe* was obliged 
to iiand three hours upon the coal- 
heap adjoining to the dwelling-* 
houl'e ; his fervant-man> coming 
home with a horfe, rode to him# 
and carried him into the mill-dofe^ 
where they remained two honrs* 
when the water abated. A fow got 
into a horfe-trough, which Hood 
before the mill-door* to favc hcr- 
felf ; and a cock and three hens (at 
lipon her back all the time of the 
flood. 

Extrad of a letter from Paris. 

*' The new year commence^ 
with an account of a very tragica 
[F] a&r 



743 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



afFair, that has juft happened to 
our ambaiTador at the court of 
Naples : the faft is this : The Vif- 
count de Choifeul, oar faid am- 
baflador, unhappily calling his ten- 
der regard towards a young lady 
of that place, of a good family, 
before engaged to the count de 
Conitz, the cipperor's ambafTador, 
and taking advantage of the count's 
abfence, preffed this fair Italian 
lady with the moft ardent profef- 
fions of love, and, to forward his 
fuit, overwhelmed her with prc- 
fents— but all in vain, fhe Aill 
proving inexorable. One day, in 
9. fit ofrage and defpair, he drew 
his fword, and plunged it three 
times in her body ; fome fay (he 
died on the fpot ; others, that (he 
is not yet dead, but mortally 
wounded ; however, the king of 
Naples, informed of this (hocking 
fcene, difpatched a courier hither, 
and our lung immediately ordered 
his faid ambaflador home, and he 
is fmce fent to the Badile. This 
melancholy tranfa^ion has fo af- 
fe^ed the duke de Pladin (the 
vifcount's father) that he has been 
at the point of death with grief on 
this fad occafion, and is dill unable 
to attend to any bufinefs ; nor has 
been at court unce the beginning 
of the new year." 

They write from Rome, that the 
kine of the Two Sicilies, as heir 
of the houfe of Farnefe, has laid 
claim to the church and convent 
of Jefns, occupied by the Jefuits in 
that city. The palace, with the 
church belonging to it, is one of 
the mod fuperb buildings in Rome, 
and b always the re(idence of the 
general of the order. 

A very curious experiment was 
exhibited at Berlin on the 30th 
pad, by M. Formey, fecrctary to 



the royal academy of fciencat 
there, relative to the artifical pro- 
duflion of dates, by the appfica- 
tion of the dud of the male palm- 
tree to the flowers of the female. 
The dad had been fent that .gen* 
tie man fo long ago as the lad year, 
from Carelfruhe ; and it is the 
third time the experiment has fuc- 
ceeded under the hands of that able 
botanid. 

Some letters from Cadiz men- 
tion advice having been recmved 
there from the Havannah, that the 
town* of Puerto PeWo, in Soath 
America, was lately, reduced to 
adies, having been (et fire t« by a 
body of MuKeto Indians, who alio 
madacred a great number of the 
inhabitants, in revenge for fome 
of their countrymen being made 
flaves of by the Spaniards. 

We learn from Aenhouys ^ 
in Jutland, that old Drachen- ^5 • 
berg, fo famous on account of hia 
great age, is dill living in that 
country. On the 6th of November 
lad, he clebrated the ]42d anni- 
verfary-day of his birth, and was 
at that time in good health, being 
fcndble of no other infirmity than 
a little weaknefs of (ight. He had 
walked that day two Dani(h miles^ 
and when thefe advices came away 
he was on his journey on foot to 
Copenhagen. 

Was tried before the right r^i, 
hon. lord chief judice Wa- *^"' 
root, at Guildhall, an adion 
brought by one of the dbputy land 
coal-meters for the city of London, 
againd two coal mercnants of the 
fame city, for felling five chal- 
drons of coals, for pool-meafure, 
without delivering the full quan- 
dty. It appeared in evidence, 
that thirteen facks each had been 
fent in five caru to the buyer's 

and 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[75 



atkd yet, for want of properly fill- 
bg the fzcks, five bumels of coals 
were left behind. After a full 
jlearingy the jury, without going 
out of court, gave the plaintiflF a 
Ycrdift for lool. by which he is 
intitled to double cofb of fuit. 

An earthquake was felt at Vien- 
fia, which threw the city into 
great confternation. It was more 
violent in the neighbourhood. 

In the night Dctween the 7th 
and Sth indant, all the Jefuits in 
the territories of Parma were ex- , 
pelled at the fame hour, without 
any diftarbance. The old hofpi- 
tal of St. Lazarus, near that city, 
was the place where they were 
brought together, except one party 
which took another road, but fell 
in with the reft in their way to Bo- 
logna, which was appointed for 
their general rendezvous. A ma- 
giftrate war jdeputed to go to each 
of the houfes belonging to the Je- 
fuits, to fignify the Infant's com- 
mands ^ and the next morning a 
pragmatic (an^on was iflued, de- 
claring the profcription of the or- 
der. At the fame time an ordi- 
nance was iflued concerning the 
public places of learning, wlierein 
new profeilbrs are appointed to fuc- 
ceed in fuch departments as were 
occupied by the Jefuits. 

£xtra£i ot a letter from N* York. 

" His excellency Sir Henry 
Moor, our governor, has pubtUhed 
a proclamation, offering a reward 
or 50I. to any perfon, and a pardon 
to any accomplice, who fhall dif- 
cover the author of the following 
feditious paper, fundry of which 
Itave iately been fecretly difperfed 
in fthis city ; viz, 

*' Whereas a glorious (land for 
Hbeity did appear in the refent- 
ment ihcwn to a fet of nufcreants 



under the name of damp-mailers 
in the year 1765 ; and it is now 
feared that a fet of gentry, called 
commiffioners {I do not mean thofe 
lately arrived at Bofton), whofe 
odious buiinefs is of a iimilar na- 
ture, may foon make their appear- 
ance amongft us, in order to exe- 
cute their deteflable office : it is 
therefore hoped every votary of 
that celeftial goddefs liberty will 
hold themfelves in readinefs to give 
them a proper welconle : ronfe, my 
countrymen, roufe! 

Pro patria.'* 

About four in the after- , 
noon, a fellow went into . *^ 
the London aiTurance office in Bir- 
chin lane, where there was only one 
clerk telling up his ca(h ; the man . 
aiked him if the office hours were 
over ; the clerk faid. No, not till 
five ; upon which the villain pulled 
out a piflol, knocked the clerk 
down with the but end of it, and 
carried off near 250 guineas. 

A letter from Bologna, dated 
Jan. 5, fays, «* The whole number 
of Jefuits expelled from Naples is 
1500. ^ The departure of thofe 
from Sicily was fufpended a ihort 
time, on account of the fenate ha- 
ving fupplicated the king to per- 
mit fuch amon? them as were na- 
tives of that iUand to pafs the re- 
mainder of their days there ; but 
his MajeHy did not think proper 
to grant their requeft." 

Letters from Rome, dated Jan. 
2, fay, *• We arc informed that the 
king of Sardinia hath exprefled ta 
the Portuguefe minider the efteem 
and refpe^ which he entertains for 
his mod faithful I^jedy ; but that 
he cannot, however, con&nt to the 
didributing in his fUtes the new. 
work againd the Jefuits, printed 
lately at LidK>n«'* 

[F 2] The 



76] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



The expelled Jer«its from Na- 
ples, who had« embarked at San 
Stefano, have had orders to retire 
immediately into the ecclefiaftic^l 
ftate. Thofe from the Pouille, it 
is faidy have been (hipwrecked on 
the iflands of Trcmiti. 

They write from Paiis, that the 
king has confented to let the exiled 
members of the parliament of Bri- 
tanv return home, and refmnc their 
fundions, as well as Meflf. de la 
Chalotais, an^^ the other difgraced 
magi Urates. 

The king of Praflia, a few days 
^^op generoufhf made a ^ift of 
300,000 crowns to the inhaoitant^ 
of Silefia. This money is to be 
divided among thofe perfons, who 
by any unfortunate event have been 
under the neceffity of contra^- 
ihg debts and mortgaging their 
#Oates. 

There is now living in lady 
Dacre's alms-hoafes, Weftminfter, 
one Mrs. Windimore, whofc mai- 
den name was Hyde ; (he was 
grand-daughter of Dr. Hyde, bi- 
ihop of Salifbary, brother of the 
great lord chancellor Hyde, earl 
^«f Clarendon, and loft her fortune 
in the South Sea year, 1 720 : (he is 
alfo a diflant coufin of their late 
Maje(Hes queen Mary and queen 
Anne, whoO; mother was lady 
Artne Hyde, Duchefs of York, 
whofe royal confort was afterwards 
king James II. A lively infhince 
of the mutability of all worldly 
things, that a perfon related to 
two crowned heads (hoald, by a 
firanffe caprice of fortune, be re- 
chicea to live in an alms-houfe ! 
She retains her fenfei in a tolerable 
degree; and her principal com- 
olaint is, that (he has outlived all 
tier friends, being now upwards of 
an hundred jean of age* 



Letters from Laabach, dated Ju« 
20, fay, «' The fociety of agricul- 
ture and oeconomy, eflabliihed by 
order of the emprefs queen in thiv 
dntchy of Carmob, have propofed* 
with her Majefty's confent, the fol- 
lowing quedioQs for the prize o£ 
the year 1768, as tending to the 
general good, and to the advantage 
of every individual. 

** Whether the commons of this 
country are hurtful or advantage* 
ous? in what manner can they* 
if the former, be moft eafdy and 
fpeedily aboliihed ? if the latter, 
how can they be rendered more ad*^ 
vanugeous, as well for the country 
in general, as for the inhabitants 
who have a right thereto ?** 

Letters from Vienna of the 19th 
ult. mention, that count Bathiani 
hath caofed public notice to be 
given, tlntt all besgars or other 
perfons in want ot bu(inefs, who 
are willing to work, fluU, on ap* 
plication to him, be employed m 
the manufactures which he hath 
e(bibU(hed in Hungary. 

The very great scarcity that has 
prevailed tor thefe three years paft 
m the dominions of the infant doke 
of Parma, has induced the govern* 
ment to caufe a treatife written in 
French by the (ieur Muftel, upon 
the cultivation and ufe of potatoes, 
and the method of mixing them 
with wheat flour to make bread, to 
be tranflated into Italian. The 
iirft bread of this kind, made by 
way of trial, was prefented to tlie 
Infant, and greatly approved of. 

They write from Worcefter, that 
a few days fince one William Bol- 
lock, a blackibiith, of the pariilh 
of Martley, ^ yeart of age, wax 
married to Elizabeth Marrell, aged 
about I ;• 

Died on Thorfday xh§ nth in*> 

ftant» 



For the YEAR 1768, 



[77 



(laftt, at Mr. Swift's, her fon-in- 
Uw's hoafe at Worceftcr, Mrs. 
Martha Whiieway, in the 78th 
jear of her age : (he was a lady of 
great natural, as well as improved 
abilities : her converfation> which 
aboanded with eloquence, was un- 
afiieded and polite : fhe was a 
warm, finn, £ncere friend, and at 
the fame time not an implacable 
eaemy : was a great defpifer of 
ttoney, and always liberal to the 
difbefled. Mrs. Whiteway was 
the cooiin-german, as well as the 
intimate fnend of the great dodor 
Swift. 

At Dingly, near Market Har- 
boroagh, NorthamptonQiire, ma- 
jor fialU aged 84, who commanded 
■larihal Wade's regiment of horfc 
at the uklng the Highland defert- 
ers in Lady Wood, near Oandle, 
Northamptoilihire, in May, 1745, 
tad was the officer who went into 
the wood to them, and perfuaded 
tbcm to furrender : he was fixty 
years ia the fervice, and was in 
Spain nnder lord Peterborough. 

On the 16th, aged near 80, 
Giflingham Cooper, efq; banker in 
tbc Strand. He is faid to have died 
worth upwards of 20o,oool. It is 
ibmewhat remarkable of this gen- 
tleman, that he became pofleiTcd of 
a coniiderable fum of money by the 
death of Mr. Blandy, who was pdi- 
foaed by his danghter, at Hcnly, 
and by the death of Mr. JefFeries, 
who was murdered by his niece, 
Mift Jefferies, and Swan, at Wait* 
hamftow : being lord of the manor 
at both places. 

Laft week, near Ellefmere in 
ShropOiire, Jane Holt, in the 108th 
rear of her age ; Ihe pirvived her 
koiband near ten years, who died 
k the 99th year of his age» 



A woman> commonly called La 
Pillagrina, but vihofe r(^ name was 
Elizabeth Maii, has lately died at 
Florence, aged ninety years. The 
remarkable circumfTaoce attending 
her was, that fhe had been married 
to fevcn hnfbands, the lalt of whom 
efpoufed her at feventy years of 
age. She ordered by her will, that 
fhe fhould be buried next her •fifth 
hufbanc^ 

A few days fince, within ft 
day of each othcr> at Tooting in 
Surry, Dr. Thomas Pearfon, and 
Mr. John Jackfon, aged 97 each, 
the two oldefi inhabitants of that 
parifh. 

At Cockermouth, 'the rev. Mr. 
Jefferfon, aged 93, who had been 
redor of that place near 70 years. 
. In Tothill-fie/ds, Mr. Winter, 
aged 97, formerly a haberdalher in 
the Strand. 

At Tunbridge, iti Kent, Sarah 
Pinfon, widow, in the 106th year 
of her age. 

At Berwick-upon-Twede, Mr. 
Robert Andcrfon, maltfter, of that 
place, upwards of J 00 years of 
age. 

MARCH. 

The fefllons ended at the j. 
Old Bailey, when one hun- 
dred pi ifoners were tried, of whom 
fifty-two were fcntenced to be tran- 
i|>ort«d, fix received fentence of 
death, among whom wa<i Mr. Gib« 
fon, attorney, convifted for forgery 
in January 1 766, when the verdi^ 
was found fpecial. 

Being St. David's day, the ftew* 
ards of the fociety of Ancient Bri- 
tons went in proc(*ffion to St. 
James's, where they were admitted 
to fee his royal highaeft the prince 
[f 31 .f 



78] 



ANt^UAL REGISTER 



of Wales, to whom they prcfented 
an addrefs: and his royal highnefs 
was pleafed to jprcfcnt the charity 
with a purfe of loo guineas. 

They write from Pctcrlburgh, 
that ** The emprefs having beeji 
informed that many perfons of her 
court had complained that their 
fwords embarrafTed them» her im- 
perial Majefly hath declared, that 
ihe Hiall not be offended if perfons 
attached to her fervice appear at 
court without fwords, and all others 
who deAre it. In confequence of 
which, the chamberlains, gentle- 
men of the chamber, and other per- 
fons of diftindlion, have availed 
themfelves of the craprefs's permif- 
fion, as well as the miniilers of 
Pruflia and Denmark." 
Extrafl of a letter from Madrid. 
*' The marquis Lucini, the 
Pope's nuncio, was attacked with 
a violent pain in the arm on the 
19th infUnt ; the diforder having 
fallen, in half an hour after, on his 
bread, rendered reipiration ex- 
tremely difficult. Of three phyfi- 
cians who were called in, two ad- 
vifed copious bleeding, which was 
performed, though the third was 
of opinion that phlebotomy would 
be dangerous : in ihort, the pa- 
tient died immediately after being 
bled« 

1 Between five and fix in the 

morning, a fire was difcover- 
in the library of the right ho- 
nourable Henry Seymour Con- 
way, in Warwick- flreet, which 
confumeda great number of books 
and writings, and g;reatly damaged 
*thc apartment. On examining the 
drawers in ike writing table, bank 
notes to the value of 9- 5 1, were 
mifllng, one of which for 5 col. 
was the fame morning received 
at the bank ; this circomlUnce 

5 



left no room to doubt but that 
the library was wilfully fet on 
fire ; the general himfelf went 
therefore to the bank to fee, if 
from the hand writing on the note 
received, any difcovery could be 
made ; and by a peculiar charaAer 
in the alTumed name (for the real 
name he did not write) the gene- 
ral was led to fofpcft a young fel- 
low who had married a fervant of 
his lady^s, on whom he had lately 
conferred a very genteel place* 
This young fellow had been at 
firft recommended to the general 
by the duke of Richmond. He 
therefore waited upon his grace» 
and dcfired that the clerks of the 
bank who were concerned in pay- 
ing the money would attend him 
there. They did fo ; and the young 
m^Ti being Tent for, came, and on 
his firil appearance was known, 
and pufitively charged with being 
the perfon who changed the note ; 
on which he confeued the fa6t» 
with all its circumfhinces. 

A girl of the town, about 18, 
was brought before the lord mayor, 
and committed to prifon ; his lord- 
ihip had taken a great deal of pains 
about this unhappy creature, hav- 
ing wrote to her father in North- 
amptonlhire, and received a very 
tender letter, that he fliould be glad 
'to receive her ; but (he abfolutely 
rcfufed the offer*, and chofe rather 
to be fent to Bridewell. 

At a formal fefOon of the , 
PoliOi dyet, held this day by 5^1^- 
adjournment, every thing that the 
commiffioners had agreed upon a- 
mong themfelves, and in conjunc- 
tion with the Ruflian ambaflador, 
was confirmed, and an end put to 
the dyet in perfe^ tranquillity ; in 
confequence of which, the RuiSan 
troops are to evacuate Poland, and 

to 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[79 



to return to their own country with 
all expedition. 

We learn from Mofcow, that 
when M. Pfarfky, refident of the 
King of Pniffia. prefented to her 
imperial Majeily lately a memorial 
fohcitine the enlargement of the 
foor prik)ners of ftate, the emprefs 
replied. That as (he had not caufed 
tbem to be arretted but upon folid 
reprefentations, and only for the . 
wd£ire of the republic, the very 
iime reafons obliged her to detain 
ikcm ; whereby there will be more 
iifety for the dyet, and greater 
hope of re-eftabliihing the peace of 
iht nation ; inftead of which, if 
ike (honld confent to fet them at li* 
krty, it would be rather abandon- 
iB^ the ftate to them than redoring 
than to it. 

This day the King of Poland put 
ta end to the deliberations of the 
dyet, with the ofual ceremony ; 
when the confederacies of the ftates 
of the diflidents were diHblved by 
BBtoal confent. At the fame 
^me the treatv,- which the erand 
commiffion had concluded with the 
tmbaflador from Rufiia, was re- 
flftered, and declared to have the 
rorce of a law ; and to remain as 
a fimdamental and perpetual con- 
titatioD. But, notwithftanding 
thefc conciliating meafures at War- 
bw, freih animofities have fince 
been diicovered in Podolia, where 
tl^e grandees have been endeavour- 

Sto fpirit up the people to an 
trredion, by fetting up ftand- 
vds, on which are painted a 
wounded eagle, with this infcrip- 
tiofl ; Cpnqtur or Die. It it, how- 
e^w, wiihed, for the peace of Eu- 
rope, that this infurredion may 
feon be fupprcfled. 

Diipatches from the French 
court for the Pope have been lately 



forwarded to Rome, importing, 
that, if his holineis's bull againft 
the court of Parma is not forthwith 
withdrawn, and his highnefs's fe- 
cretary rjleafed, the ambadador of 
France will have orders to leave 
Rome immediately. 

This day, by virtue of a g t 
commiflion from his Majefty, 
the following bills received the 
royal aflent, viz. 

The bill for granting to his Ma- 
jefty a certain fura out of the fink- 
ing fund, and for applying certain 
fums remaining therein for the fer- 
vice of the prcfcnt year. 

The bill to raife a certain fum 
by loaDs on exchequer bills for tlie 
fervice of the prefent year. 

The bill to raife i ,900,000!. by 
annuities and lottery, for the fer- 
vice of the prefent year. 

The bill for redeeming the re- 
mainder/ of the joint dock of an- 
nuities, eftablifhed in the third 
year of hb Majefty's reien. 

The bill to apply the mm grant* 
ed for the pay and cloathing of the 
militia for the fervice of the prefent 
year. 

The bill for the better paving, 
cleanfing, and enlightening the 
city of London, and the liberties 
thereof. 

The bill for converting Greiham 
college, and the ground thereunto 
belonging, into an excife office. 

The bill iox licencing a play- 
houfe in the city of Norwich. 

The bill to amend an ad for bet- 
ter regulating journeymen taylors 
within the weekly bills of morta- 
lity. 

The bill to amend and render 
more effeflual, in his Majefty's do- 
minions in America, an a«fl of this 
fefCon, for puniihing mutiny and 
dcfertion. 

[F 4] The 



80) 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Th€ Ml! to ctmtinac fcvera! afts 
for better Encouraging th^ whale 
fill: cry. 

The bin for mbrc cafy and effec- 
tual recovery of the penalties and 
forfeitures inflidlcd by acts relating 
to the trade and revenue of the 
Britiih colonies in America. 

The bill to explain and amend 
the laws touching the eledions of 
knights of the mires in £ngland, 
fo far as relates to' clerks appointed 
to take the polls. 

The bill for making a navigable 
f;ut or canal fr<ftn the river Firth, 
at or near the motrth of the river 
Carron, in the connty of Stirling, 
to the river Clyde, to a place called 
Dalmatr Burnfoot, in the county of 
Dunbarton, and a collateral cut to 
Glafgovi'. 

The bill for better fupplying the 
town of Dunbar with frelh water. 

The bill to^permlt the exporta- 
tion of certain quantities of malt, 
now lying in his Majelly's wire- 
honfes. 

And alfo to fever al road, incla- 
fvire, and private bills. 

• This day his Majedy went 
^^"' to the houfe of Peers, and 

{rave the royal aflent tathe follow- 
ng bill*! ; 

The bill for naturalizing Law- 
rence Laforeft. 

The bill for iiflblving the mar- 
riaee of Charles Daly, Eftj ; with 
Ann St.tia Daly, his now wife ; 
and (feveral bills relating to ef- 
t^tes. Bs , 

/ttcr wVich hjs Majefly was 
p!'^ fed o make a moft gracious 
{[t ch; and the lord chancellor, 
fcy his Majefty*s command, jStro- 
rogaed the parliament to the3ifl 
inSant. In th« courfe of this fef- 
fiotts, 1 1 2 puBHc and private bills 
fcceired the iQ^al aflcAt* Wtttii 



an aGCii}arraktkMi cpf the ftitiTte hnir^ 
of this kingdom ! 

Yefterdgy tke repdrt wss nntdo 
to his fAajtftf of the cOnvid? ml-' 
der fentence pf death in Ntfwgine j 
when James Oibfott for forgery i 
Benj. Payne, cafi: upon two indid^ 
ments for highway-robberies } ami 
Ann Robinion, concerned with 
Sophia Reavell in ftealing 26L the 
property of Dorodiy Faulks, wero 
ordered for execution on Wednef- 
day next. John Tapjping and So^ 
phia Reavell w«re reipited during 
his Majerty'* pleafure. 

Friday lafl came on, before the 
bench of julUces at Hieks's-hall« 
the trial of George Daphney and 
Thomas Hobbs, two fifliermen of 
Chifwipk, for violently aflauhing^ 
the water-bailiff's deputies on the 
river Thames, near Mill-bank, 
Weftminibr ; wh^n they were 
fbund guilty, and fentenced to pay 
a fine of three fhltlings and eight-' 
pence each, to be confined in th« 
gaol of Newgate /or the (p^tM of 
two years, and to find fecurity fbr 
dieir good behaviour in the penalty 
of one hundred pounds each, for 
the term of feven years. 

By a letter from Lancafter, rim 
violences committed on account of 
the enfuing e1e6Hon at that towti 
and at Prefton exceed belitf ; mur- 
dering, m&iming, pulling down of 
houfes, deftroying places of public 
worfhip^ and breaking the (^Ttki-^ 
ture and burning the effefts of eacJ| 
other, are among the a{ts of tKe 
infitin^ed mob« 

Thurfday laft two pots of fOtiftt 
oaks wet* prt^f^ted to the N^yd 
fociety fVom M^. William Adtws 
bottnic gardener to her royal hig^* 
nefs the princefs dowager of Walei 
At Kew. They were raifW froni 
S^coriotof tbe year ij66$ wMcK had 



For the YEAR 176I 



C81 



Irxh prebr^id is trax from rbe 
aad of Pebrwiry, 1767, to the 
begtnning of December, 176^, 
when they were conmRted ^o hit 
cere fay defire of the roval fo- 
cxety, to try if they woula rege* 
tale, snd there are already 25 
yoing oakr come op oat of the 54 
aconu which were fown. At the 
fiuoe tipie the maooer of prefenr* 
iog them was commonicated to the 
carl of Morton, prefident of the 
loyal ftKicty, in a letter from J, 
JBUii, ofai of Gray Vinn, F. JL S. 
%^hereiD Mr. Ellis has fhewn how 
io avoid the fcalding heat of the 
wax, which is apt xo deftroy the 

term of mod feeds inclofed in it. 
y this method the moft valaable 
fteds may be brought from the re* 
fliOteft p:irt of the earth in a grow- 
ing ftate, which niay in time be of 
itonllderable ofe to the trade of our 
American colonies. 

Tlicy write from Cambridge, 
lh«t the two gold medals, given an-^ 
9Ml\y by M8 grace the dakt of 
fftPfitMe, chancellpr of the afti- 
iretfity, for the encouragement of 
dafical learning, were adjudged to 
Mr. Key, of Magdalen, and Mr. 
Ferror, of Queen's college, ba- 
chelors of ftrCB. 

^w The parliament was this 
"'**-day diflblvcd by hisMajefty's 
proclamation, and writs for clewing 
ft new parliament wene fent to the 
tetoming oftcers* The writs bear 
fefte this day, returnable the loth 
M'May. The eleOion of peers of 
Scodand is ordered the 26th of 
Apiil. The writs for electing the 
Wtw fi^ihbers for fhe convocations 
of Canterbury and York bear telle 
the 14^ iftft. returftible the 13th 
%f May. 

Tfai' gTt$t tnd lefs councils of 
QcdeVt ^fcfmi^i t ptai of recon^ 



dilation to the general council^ 
which was accepted, 1904 voices to 
23'; fo that the troubles which have 
almoft ruined that ancient republic 
are now in a fair way of being ter- 
minated. 

Six ftadentf of Bdsnmd-hall, 
Qjtford, were expelled the univer- 
sity, for holding methodifticat 
tenets, and taking upon them to 
pray, read, and expound thefcrip- 
tures, and fing hymns in a private 
houfe. 
ExtraA of a letter from Turin. 

** His Britannic Majcfty having 
been gracioufly pleafed to appoint 
the earl of Carlifle, now at this 
court in the pro^refs of his travels, 
to be one of thekni?hts of the mod 
ancient and mod noble order of the 
thiftle; and having defired the kin^ 
of Sardinia to reprefent hisMajefty 
in creating his lordfhip a knight» 
and invelling him with the enfigns 
6f that order ; his Sardinian ma« 
jefty very readilv agreed thereto, 
and accompaniea his confent with 
many expreflions of affe^ion and 
good- will towards the King of 
Gi^eat-Britain. And accordingly 
the ceremony was performed Wiis 
day, when, after many previous 
formalities, the gentleman uffaer 
prefented to his Majefty the ribbon, 
with the infignia of the order, 
which the king put over the knight's 
' left (houlder, delivering to him 
tlfo the original patent of creation, 
and then his lordihip arofe and 
withdrew. 

Being returned into the great 
drawing-room, his lordihip fub* 
fcribcd the oath pre^cribwl by the 
ftatutes, in the prefence of Mr. Pot- 
ter, M. de Moiitfort, and the mar- 
quis of Kildare, who alfo figned 
wteir names as witacffcs,** 

Farisj 



82] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Paris, March lo. On accoant of 
the incoBveniency that would arife 
from foreigners coining into France 
and not going to Paru, being de- 
tained for w^nt of a proper pattport 
from hence, explanatory orders 
have been fcnt to the frontiers ; in 
coniequence of which, fuch foreign- 
era as do not come to Paris will 
have no occafion for a paifport 
from hence, but for the principal 
officers of the place where they 
fliall happen to be. 

[London Gazette, 
g , Came on at Guildhall, 

' * the eledlion for foor repre- 
fentatives of this city in parlia- 
ment, when the right honourable 
Mr. Harlcy, lord-mayor, fir Robert 
Ladbroke, William Bcckford, efq. 
John Wilkes, efq; fir Richard 
Glynn, Barlow Trecothick, efq. 
and John Paterfon, efq. offered 
ihemiclves as candidates, and the 
four firft were declared to have the 
greateil (hew of hands, but a poll 
was demanded. • 

, Vcfterday, at four o'clock, 

'^ * in the afternoon, died the 
reverend Mr. Sterne, author of Trif- 
tram Shandy, fome volumes of fcr- 
mons, and the Sentimenul Jour* 
ney. 

Alas, poor Yorick ! 1 knew him 
well, a fjpllow of infinite jc(l, moil 
excellent fancy, &c. 

A The lord chancellor dcli- 

^ ' vcrcd the privy Teal to carl 
Ch:-rham,thetcmporar\ commiffion 

The populace, on Mr. Wilkes's 
iciurri frcm Guildhall, tolhew their 
ze<tl, took the horfts iVom his car- 
riagr,and drewitthemfclves; other 
txtiiiv.igarxics of the like kind 
hrivc been praAifcd, but this will 
fu^icc to ihc w the Ipirii of the mul- 
titude 



We are informed from Abbey 
Landercofi in Cumberlind, that a 
woman, called Jane Forefter, who 
lives in that pariih, is now in the 
1 58th year of herage. When Crom- 
well befieged the city of Carliile, 
in the year 1646, ihe can remem-- 
ber chat a horfe's head fold for 
28. 6d. before the garrifon forren- 
dered. At the martyrdom of king 
Charles I. (he was 19 V^r* of age. 
At Brampton, about fix years ago* 
(he made oath before the commif- 
fioners in a chancery fait, to have 
known the eftate, the right of 
which was then difpated, to have 
been enjoyed, by the ancefiors of 
the prefent heir 10 1 years. She 
hath an only daughter living, aged 
103. And we are further informed, 
that there are fix women now living 
in the famepari(h where fiie refides, 
the youngeil of whom is 99 years of 
age. 

Sunday the following printed pa- 
per was duck up on the doors and 
walls of feveral churches of this 
city, viz. ** The prayers of this 
congregation are eamefily defired 
for the refioration of liberty* 
depending on the ele^on of Mr* 
Wilkes." 

At the clofc of the poll, , 

at Guildhall, the numbers ^ 
ftood as follow : 

The Lord Mayor, 3729 

Sir Robert Laabroke, 3678 

William Beckford, efq. 340a 
Rirlovv Trecothick, e(q. 2957 
Sir Richard Glynn, 28^5 

John Paterfon, efq. 1 269 

John Wilkes, efq. 1247 

Mr. Wilkes made the following 
fpcech to the livery : 

<< Gentlemen aud fellow citi- 
zens, 

** The poll being now finifhed, 
I rctarn my iitvereft thanks to 

thofe 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[83 



tliofe didnterefted and independent 
friends* who have fo eeneroufly and 
ftetdily ftood forth in my favoar. 
The want of fncce(s, out of your 
power to command, has not in the 
leaft abated my zeal for yoar fervice. 
Yoo cannot be unacquainted with 
die rarious circumftances which 
luve contributed to it. My friends 
were of opinion that I fliould wait 
a diffolotion of the laft parliament^ 
while the other canditates had 
been for many months foliciting 
Toar intereft. Minifterial influ- 
cace, aiBfted by private malice, has 
been exerted in the moft arbitrary 
and anconftitutional manner, and 
by means of the bafeil chicanery 
and oppreffion. 

** Bat, though difappointed, I 
am not in the leaft difpirited : on 
the contrary, I rcfle£l with pride 
and gratitude on the many inllan- 
ces of regard and affedlion I have 
received from the livery of Lon- 
don. 

" I beg leave to make my bed 
acknowledgements to the (herifFs, 
^ho have ftewn the utmoft candour 
andimpartiality during the cleflion, 
acctrnipanied with a dignity of cha- 
rafter becoming their ftation in this 
g* eat metropolis. 

•' And now, gent'emen, permit 
me to addrefs you as friends to li- 
berty, and freeholders of the coun- 
ty of Mccldlcfex ; declaring my in- 
tention of appearing as a candi- 
date to repreicnt you in' parlia- 
ment, and iHU hoping, by your 
means, to have the houour of 
being ufeful to you in the Britiih 
fenate. 

•• Gentlemen of the livery, I re- 
commend it to you in the tlrongeft 
nunner» to exert yourfelves to pre- 
iVrve the peace and ^ niel of this 
great dry.'* 



The conted during this eleflion 
was very warm ; and papers and 
addrefies to the public were every 
day publifhed, as ufual, for and 
againft the feveral candidates. 
Mr. Wilkes feemed to be the dar- 
ling of the mob, and fome indecen- 
cies were committed by thofe gen- 
try in and about the hall. A fub^ 
fcription was fet on foot, fuccefs- 
fully, for paying that gentleman's 
debts ; and there appeared the fol- 
lowing copy of a letter from him 
to MeiTrs. Nuthall and Francis, 
folicitor and deputy folicitor of thp 
treafury. 

" London, March 22, 1768. 
SIR. 
I take the liberty of acquainting 
you, that in the beginning of the 
enfuing term I (hall prefent myfelf 
to the court of king's bench. I 
pledge my honour as a gentleman, 
that on the very fird day I will 
there make my perfonai appear- 
ance. I am, iir. 

Your mod humble fervant, 

• John Wilkes.** 
James Gibfon, attorney at law, 
for forgery, and Benjamin Payne, 
a footpad, were executed at Ty- 
burn, Gibfon was carried to exe- 
cution in a mourning coach, and 
defired his fellow fufferer might be 
permitted to accompany him, but 
hisrequeft was not granted. 

At fix this evening the , 
ballot was declared at the ^^ • 
India-houfc on the queftion for de- 
claring the next dividend, when it 
was carried for 5 per cent. 247 to 
4. The quellion for dropping all 
profecucionii, and for dropping all 
oflFences committed by commanders 
and officers of (hips in the compa- 
ny's ferviec, parted like wife in the 
afirmatice 21 7 to 80. 

The 



«4] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



The followiD<v Is handed about as 
fbe letter from Mr. Wil&as tea 
^reat pcr(bnage. 

«' i beg thus to throw inyfclf at 
jtmr m- \ feet, and ffupplicate 
the mercy and clemency which 
Ibme with fuch luHre among your 
princely virtues. 

** Some former minifters, whom 
fomr m , in condefcenfion to 



die wiffaes of your people, thought 
proper to remove, employed every 
wicked and deceitful art to opprefs 
your fubje^, and to avenge their 
own perfonal caufe on him, whom 
clier imagined to be the principal 
author of bringing to public view, 
likeir ignorance, infufHciency, and 
treachery to your m and the 

" I have been the innocent and 
■nkappy vi^im of revenge. I was 
forced by their injufticc and vig- 
leoce into exile, which I have ne* 
vcr ceafed to coniider, for many 
rears, as the moft cruel oppreflion ; 
fircaufe I could not longer be under 
thebcnign influence of your m——, 
IB this land of liberty. 

" With a heart full of zeal for 
the fervice of your m* ■ ■ and my 
country, I implore. Sire, your clc- 
Kcncy. My only hopes of par- 
itonare founded in the great good- 
isefs and benevolence of your m— ; 
and every day of freedom you may 
b: gracioully plcafed to permit 
mc the enjoyment of, in my d;)ar 
•atiYe land, (hall give proofs of 
mj teal and attachment to your 
fcnricr. 



J.WjuaES," 

St. Pel 



A letter from St. PeteHburgh, 
hytp ** 0» Saturday iaft count 
Cxemkbewi her majei^y's ambaf- 
(zdoT to the Britiih court, invited 
ihe whole Sritiib fa^ory elUbliih- 



ed in this place, to l mifked ball, 
and a mod fplendid fopper, nt his 
own palace, at which were prefent 
many of the Ruffian nobility, and 
all the foreign miniilers. Nothing 
could exceed the magnificence and 
eleganc^of the entertainment, ex- 
cept the politenefs with which it 
was conduced, and the atcentioa 
which the count and countei^ were 
pleafed to (hew to every peiibn of 
the Britiih nation. His excellen- 
cy will probably fet out in M^y, as 
foon as the countefs's health will 
permit after her lying-in, which is 
fhortly expeded. 

They write from Thorn, that in 
the night between the 8th and pth^ 
the ice of the Viftula broke up 
with a terrible noife ; at the fame 
time it blew a ftorm, wliich drove 
feveral iliips from their anchors. 
The waters rote fo high that the 
bridge over the river, called the 
German bridge, had 1 1 arches de* 
ftroycd. 

Letters from Florence fay, •« his 
royal highnefs, whofe vtmoil en- 
deavours are dircfled to the pro- 
tefting and encouraging of the 
manufadlorics eiUblimed in thb 
capital, has juft granted a confide- 
rablc fum of money to ficur Fran- 
cis Vacaro, a Genoefe, in confidc- 
ration of the expences he hath been 
at in ei^abliihing a new fabrick of 
woollen cloths and camblets ; and 
to animate him dill more, his 
highnefs hath granted him a houfe 
large enough for extending his ma- 
ouUAure, by employing more 
workmen." 

Lall Saturday the right honour- 
able the lord Baltimore was tried 
at the affizes^holden for the county 
of Surry, b*fofe the honourable 
Mr^ baton Smythe, for a j-ape upon 
Sarah Woodcock, and hohourablv 

acquitcea. 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[85 



ftcqolttecl. The trUl began aboat crew and lading of the (hip Eli- 
ftrcn o^dock in the morning, and ' zabeth Dorothea, belonging to the 



comtioued till near three o'clock the 
next morning. « 

Extra^ of a letter from Dublin. 

" His Majclly hath been pleafed 
to give direAions, that three more 
facket-boats ihall be added to the 
three now in ufc betweeh Holyhead 
and Dublin ; by which means we 
ihall have (ix mails every week from 
England, and the fame number 
will be fent from hence to Wales." 

They write from Drefden, that 



Dutch Eaft India company, and 
which was caft away off that pkicc 
in the end of November laft, a greac 
number of them were apprehended; 
and this morning twenty-tliree of 
them were put upon the fcaSi^d 
here, nine of whom were whipped, 
and the whole band are to be ba- 
niflied by fentence of the court of 
Holland. 

His ferene highnefs the prince of 
Weilbourg and his children are 



on the 27th ult. a flight (hock of perfectly recovered of the fmall- 
an earthquake was felt at Bifchoflfs- pox, uxider the care of the Englifli 



werder, on the confines of Lnfatia, 
and in the neiehbourhood of Frey- 
berg ; likewiie on the day above- 
nentioned feveral new openings 
and large rents were difcovered 
toxc-ards the declivities and about 
the feet of thofe mountains, with- 
ODt however any previous feniible 
motion of the earth. 

And from Vienna they give the 
(bllowing account : the earthquake 



inoculators, who have been called 
to Rotterdam by feveral of the pria- 
cipal inhabitants. 

Thu morning Sir Wl- ^gj^^ 
ham Beauchamp Proctor 
and Mr. Wilkes, two of the candv* 
dates for ihe county of Middlcfex, 
fet out for Brentford, where the 
eledion came on that morning for 
knights of the (liire for the faid 
county. Mr. Cooke, the other 



which we had here on the 27th of candidate, was confined with the 
laft^month, was not fo fenfibly felt gout. Mr. Wilkes went in a coach 



« Treflmrgh as in this city ; but as 
it was much Itronger at Newftadt, 
ahout three pofts from hence, in the 
road to Italy, it i» imagined it came 



drawn by fix long-tailed horfes, 
and was attended by an amazing 
number of people to the pkce of 
eleftion, which was held in the mid- 



to OS from that part of the world, die of Brentford Butts, a temporary 
There is fcarcea honfe at Newftadt * booth being cre^ed there for that 



tiut has not fuffered more or lefs ; 
and the royal military academy 
there has been fo much damaged, 
that ic is computed the repairs will 
amount to 30,000 florins at leaft. 
There is no account of any lives 
halving been lolL 

Exttatt of a letter from the Hague. 

'* The inhabiunts of the villaj^e 

of Petten upon this coaft, not far 



purpofc. The majority of hands 
appeared in favour of Sir William 
Beauchamp Proftor and Mr. Wilkes, 
who were accordingly returned ; 
but a poll being demanded in behalf 
of Mr. Cooke, the fame came on 
immediately; and at five in thea^ 
tcrnoon, Mr. Wilkes had polled fix 
to one more than that gentleman. 
At nine o'clock the poll finally 



bma Texd, having been euilty of dofed, when the numben ftood 
ptti fvoeflea witl» regard to the thas^ 

For 



86] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



For John Wilkes, cfq. 1292 
Sir W. B. Proftor, 807 

George Cooke, efq. 827 

Accordingly George Cooke, cfq. 
and Mr. Wilkes were declared duly 
deified. 

The mob behaved in a very out- 
rageous manner at Hyde-park- 
corner, where they pelted Mr, 
Cooke, fonof thecltymarlhal, and 
knocked him 'from his horfe, took 
off the wheels of one of the car- 
riages^ cut the harnefs, and broke 
the glafles to pieces ; fevcral other 
carriages were greatly damaged. 
•The reafon aifigned for thcfe pro- 
ceedings is, that a flag was carried 
before the proccflion of Mr. 
Wilkes's antagonills, on which was 
painted, " No blafphemer." There 
has not been fo great a defedion of 
inhabitants from London and Weil- 
minder, to ten miles dLflance, in 
one day, fmce the lifeguard-man's 
prophecy of the earthquake, which 
was to dedroy both thofe cities in 
the year 1750% 

In going there, feveral irregula- 
rities were committed. Btfides the 
aflhult made upon Mr. Cooke, fon 
to the city marlhal, feme other 
gentlemen, and more parti cularly 
the two old members, were affront- 
ed by the populace. 

At night likcrwife the rabble 
were very tumultuous; fome per- 
fons, who had voted in favour of 
Mr. Wilkes, lia\ ing put out lights, 
the mob paraded the whole town 
from eaft to weih obliging every 
body to iliuiTjinatP, and breaking 
the windows bf fuch as did not do 
it immediately. Th^ wiridow^ of 
the manfiou-liOLife, in particular, 
were demolished all to pieces, to- 
gether with a large chandelier and 
lome pier glafici, to ilie ainoimt of 
many hundred pounds. Th^^y de- 



tnoliihed alfo the windows fit lord 
Bute, lord Egmont, iir Sampfon 
Gideon, dr William -Mayne, and 
many other gentlemen and tradef- 
men in mod of the public dfeets 
of both cities, London tCnd Wcd- 
roinder. At one of the above* 
mentioned gentlemens houfes, the 
mob were in a great meafure irri- 
tated to it, by the imprudence of a 
fervant, who fired a pidol among 
them. * At Charing-crofs, at the 
duke of Northumberland's, the mob 
alfo broke a few panes; but his 
grace had the addrcfs to get rid of 
them, by ordering; up lights imme'^ 
diately into his windows, and open- 
ing the Ship ale-houfe, which foon 
drew them off to that fide. 
The following is the copy of a 

hand-bill didributed by . Mr. 

Wilkes's friends. 

" It is the humble requed of 
Mr. Wilkes to his friends of all 
denominations, that the^ would 
not, by any means, didurb the 
peace, or moled any perfon, or 
prevent fhe voters coming to the 
place of polling, to give their free 
votes for whatever candidate they 
think proper, that no exception 
may be taken to his condua, or 
that of his friends, for the tranfac- 
tions of the day." 

Ordcri. were given to the - 
guards on duty at St. James*s ^^ * 
to be in readinefs at the b?at of 
drum, to march to fupprefs any 
riot tliat might happen. 

At a court of common- , 
council called on purpofe to ^^ * 
confider of the mod proper and 
eiFedtual means to prevent for the 
future, as well as to punifli, all fuch 
a 5 dial I be found to have bcrn 
guilty of the late riots and dif- 
twrbances in this city ; that court 
came to a refolution to profccute 

with 



For the YEAR 176I 



{^7 



wuh that atmoft vigour all and 
rvaj perfon who (hdl be convifl- 
td of having been active in the 
riots, and to offer by advertife- 
nent a reward of fifty poands for 
the difcovery of every offender, to 
be paid on their cooviAion ; and 
ordered the fame to be inferted in 
every daily and evening paper, and 
a laige number of the iaid refoltf- 
tions to be printed and pofted ap in 
the moft public places of this city, 
and the liberties thereof. They 
alfo direded, that fuch profecu- 
tions as ihould arife from their re- 
iblation Ihould be referred to the 
committee appointed to dircdl their 
law proceedings. It was referred 
to the manfion-hoafe committee to 
order the immediate reparation of 
all foch damages as the faid hoafe 
may have failained by the late riots 
and tumalts. 

His ferene highnefs the prince 
of Monaco, at whofe palace his 
royil highne(5 the duke of York 
died, was introduced to his Ma* 
jefty, a.nd graciouily received. He 
is (aid to have come to England 
in confeqnence of an invitation 
from a great perfonage, to fpend 
the fammer. 

A new code of law.s, compofed 
by the emprefs of Ruflia, having 
been fent to the King of Pruflia for 
his revifal, his Majelly concludes 
his letter in return to this ei^'ed. 
" I have read with admiration 
your work. The ancient Greeks, 
idio were admirers of all merit, 
bat affigned the iirll feat of glory 
to legiflators, would have placed 
yotir imperial Majefty between 
Lycurgut and Solon." 

The Jefuits eaabliihed in the 
ifland of Malta have all been ar- 
refted in one night by order of the 
gnmd mailer, and ordered to de- 
part the ifland. 



In the duke of Parma*s cdift for 
baniihine the jefuits, there is a 
prohibition never to return, nor 
even pafs through his dominions, 
though abfolved from their vow. 
They were conduced to Reggio in 
carriages appointed for that pur- 
pofe, and clifmifled to Bologna, be- 
longing to the Pope. 

The treaty between the courts of 
Denmark and Ruflia, by which all 
differences about the country of 
Holftein are amicably adjuflcd, 
hath lately been ratified to mutu^ 
fatisfaflion. 

The Germans in genera) are in- 
troducing the ufe of toafled rye 
inllead of coffee ; and their phyfi- 
clans tell them the former is moR 
wholcfome. 

A premium of fifty guineas hat 
lately been ordered by the fociety 
for the encouragement of arts in 
London, to Mr. Evers, of Swil- 
lington, for his invention of a ma- 
chine for threlhing and grinding 
of corn, both at the fame time, or 
each fcparately. 

A brafs clieft has lately been dif- 
covered under an high hill in the 
dutchy of Mccklenburg-Strelitz, in 
which was inclorcd thirty golden 
idols, with urns and inftruments 
for fpcrifice. On the back of one 
of the \doh, the words rade- 
CRAST Raktra werc verv Icg^ible, 
They weighed about half a pounu 
each. 

The Pope has excommunicated 
the regency of Parma ; but the 
Infant duke has treated his bull 
with all imaginable contempt. *• It 
could not, ia)> his highnefs, pro- 
ceed from a pontiff fo holy, fo in- 
fpired, and fo full of wifdom, as the 
prefent reigning Pope ;'* and there- 
fore commands his fubjefts to treat 
it ai fpurious : but at the fame 

time 



i^8] 



ANNUAL REGIStER 



time enjoins them not to fail in 
their reverence towards their hoif 
father^ or in refped to his iub* 
jeds. 

At Alexandria, in Virginia, a 
number of negroes lately coafpired 
to poiTon their overfcers, and fe ve- 
nd have loH their lives in confe- 
qaence. Some, however, of the 
negroes have been taken up, four 
of vrhom have fince been executed^ 
their heads cut off, and fixed on the 
chimneys of the court houfe. 

Was held a general court of the 
£ail-India company, when many 
affairs relating to the company 
were difcufTed, and a motion was 
made for makiog sua addition to 
the falary of the chairman, fo that 
it might be five hundred pounds 
per annum ; that of the deputy- 
chairman four hundred pounds 
per annum, and thofe of the direc- 
tors three hundred pounds per an- 
num each ; but it was not agreed 
to. 

We are forry that the follow- 
ing letters from Philadelphia and 
South-Carolina add a new proof 
to what we had too many fatal 
itiftances of before,^ the little or- 
der or government that is fup- 
ported'in fome of our back fettk- 
ments in America, and the diabo- 
lical fpirit which feems to have 
taken an entire pofle/Fion of the 
minds of many of the fettlers. If 
any thing can add to the indig- 
iMtiOB we feel, at fuch horrid, 
iNmnten, and barbarous murders, 
which are equally difgraceful to 
human nature and to chrillianity, 
it mail be, to u^ the moofters 
who commit them able to fly in 
the face of juftice* to defy the 
laws, and to evade that punUh- 
ment^ which# however fevere» 



would ftill be mild whea compared 
with their crimes* The oioderm*- 
tion which was (hewn by the lodiaa 
chief upon this oc^afion, u a tacji^ 
reproach to our boftAed civilisa- 
tion* and to the religion wUck 
fuch mifcreancs diihofiour by a pro** 
feiSon of it. 

Philadelphia, Fcbw I. Or the 
loth of laft mooth, fottf- Indiaa 
men and two womeii went to tke 
houfe of Frederick Sutfop* near 
the mouth of MiddU'<:reek, vfhere 
Stump, after making tbem dranlc» 
mok inhumanly murdered tiKm* 
and hid their bodies under tbc 
ice in the creek. The uexa d&y^ 
he went with a fervaiit kd to an In- 
dian cabin, about fourteen miks 
up the creek« and ihere harba^ 
roudy put to death aa Indian vo* 
man, two girls, and a yenng child* 
then fet fire to the cafabin, and 
bomt the bodies tp «flNnL After 
committing thdie htorrid murden, 
he confefTed the whole to Mr. 
William Blyth, whofe d^pofitioa* 
we hear, has been taken before the 
chief jufHce. The only reafons 
aiigned by him for thei^ atrocioas 
▼icdeaces were, that iyc waa afraid 
the fix Indians intended to 4o him 
a mifchicf, and that he mnrdered 
tlic other four left they ihould in- 
form the other Indians of the death 
of the fix. Upon the whole, he 
feemed to be under no apprehen- 
fions of puniflunent, and behaved 
as if he had done a meritorioitt ac- 
tion; but captain Patterfon, lately 
in the provincial ferviee, nufede 
prifoners Stump and the fiBrvant 
who afijiled him* and after a def- 
perate refiftance, committed them 
to Carliile gaol, from whence a 
number of armed men* about 8o# 
it is iaid, rcfcn^l them, notwitfa- 

ftaoding 
I 



iFor- the .YEA'Bi 1768/ [S^ 

.ftanding the oppefition and per- 'friehcJs. Iffial! not reft, ty ttigHt 

foa(ion5 of the magiftratcs and o- or day, till I receive your an{%er. 

tbcrs to the contrary. Tour friend and brother. 

Previous to thb outrage, how- W. Pathrson.** 

ever, captain Patcrfon had fent a ^ Tb this talk captain Paterfon 

talk to the great Idand, to dif- 'received the following infwcr,froift 

claim the murders, and to pacify an Indian chief, 

the Indians. His meflagc was con- " *'' Loving brother^ ' ■ ' 

cdvcd in thefc terms ; • *' I am glad to hear from you. 

Juniata, Jan. 22, 1768. I underftood that you are very 

*', Brothers of the fix nations, much grieved, and th'at thetears 
Delawares, and other inhabitants run from your eyes. With both 
of the Weft Branch of Sufque- my hands f now wipe away thofe 
hanoa, hear what I have to (ay tears; and, as I do not doubt but 
to yon. With a heart fwelled your heart is dillurbed, f remove 
with grief hear what I have to in- kll forrow from it, and make it 
form you. That Frederick Stump cafy ar it was before. I will how 
and John Ironcutter liafve * unad- fit down and fmoke my pipe. I 
Tifedly murdered ten of buir friend- have taj^eti faft hold of the chain 
ly Indians near Fort Augufta. The of friendflirp ; and when I give it 
lalttMtantsoftheprovtnceof Penn- a puil, if I find my brothers, the 
iylvaxua do difapprovc o( the faid Englifli, have let it go, it will 
Stomp a:nd Ironcutter's c6ndu£lj then be time forme to* let it go 
and, as preof thereof,.! have uken too,- and take care of my family, 
tliem priibners, and will deliver There are four of my relations 
them mto the cuftody of officers inufdered by Stump ; and aU I>de- 
^ will keep iKem ironed in pri- fire is, that he may fuffer fbr his 
fonfbr trial; and I make no doubt wicked aftion ; I ihsrll'then think 
as many of them as are guilty will that your people have the fame 
be condemned and die tor the* of- goodnefs in their hearts as former- 
fence, ly, and intend to keep it there^ 

** Brodiers, I being truly fenfi- As it was the eviHpirit who caufed 

Ue of the injury done* you, I only Stump to commit' this bad aelibn, 

idd thefc few* words, with my I blame none of my brothers, the 

heart's viih, that ydu may not Englilh, but him. 

»iWy let go the faft* "hold of our '"* I dtflre thar the' people of Ju^ 

cluhi of fhendfhip for the ill con- niata may fit Hill on thrtr placed, 

dnft of one of our bad men. Be* ancf not fut thcmfeFves to any 

Kcre me, brothers, we EnglHhmen hardWp^, by Iciving their habi- 

Wftiinne the ikme love fbr you eions ; whenever danger 4s com-* 

that bath ufually fubHded between ing, they (ball know it before it 

jwr grand&thers ; and I defirc cfOmc^'on them, 

fott to call at Port Augnlfa, to lam your loving brot}ier> 

trade wfth our p^opW there, for SrtAWAitA Bi w.** 

iht neceifibries ^oa ftand in need * This anfwer being returned be-» 

K f pfedge yoa my word/ that fore the rcfcuc of the murderera 

^ wliitc man there fhalf molcft was kiioWn, it is much douJi^eA 

%of ycm, trhUe yoo behave st whether a recoocilation will tak< 

7Li XL [G] place- 



96] 



ANNUAL REGISTER. 



pltce. Indeed tbit horrid b^ba- 
fity» beiDK added to other aggra- 
vations which the Indians com- 
plain of» gives room to fufpe^t 
that thefe farages will fbddenly 
rife and take their revenge, when 
foch a ftroke is leaft expcAed. 
Charles -town* Soath Carolina, 
March £. 

The legtflatare of Pennfylvania 
liath, on the reprefentations of 
the hon. John Stuart, efq. fopjer- 
intendant of the foathemdiftriA, 
refolved to provide a fom of mo- 
ney to be ottered to the relations 
of the ten Cherokee IndianSt who 
were aflaffinated in that province, 
and the a£Qiffins afterwards refca- 
cd from Jnfiice. This compenfa- 
rion,' which it is hoped will be ac* 
cepted, is at the rate of 500 lb. 
wt. of Indian leather for each 
pcrfon killed, to be fent in goods 
(rated agreeable to the tariff efta- 
blifhed by the fnperintendant) to 
Mr; commiiiary Cameron, wich 
proper talks from the governor of 
Pennfylvania, affurine theChero- 
kces that it was impomble to bring 
the murderers to jullice. 

Wednefdav fevennight the wife 
of Mr. John Carruthers, inn- 
keeper in Walton' near Brampton, 
Cumberland/ iras delivered or four 
female children, all alive; Three 
of them w«re- baptized, but died 
looa'aAerf The woman it in a* 
hopeful way of recovery. Jt is 
onfyfe^ years fince this couple 
married, and they have had fe^'ca 
^ildren. 

Frcna Aldford in Chefl^ife we 
learn, that one Edward Parker 
and- his wife are now living in a 
cotuge near that place, whole ai^es 
make a 18 ytan, the man being 
lis, aiui the woman 106 -ycgn 



Died, near Lumley caftle, 
Thomas Holme, aged 107 years. 

At her houfe in Greek-ftreec» 
Soho, aged 84, Mrs. Jane I^pH- 
comb, a lady poiTeiTed of a plentL* 
ful fortune. Her Mer, Mii. £ll« 
zabeth Lipfcomb died a few da. y» 
fence, aeed 90. They were both 
maiden ladies. 

Thomas Yorke, efo. aged 8o, at 
his hobfe in G^eat Ru&ll-ftrtet^ 
Bloomflmry. 

At his houfe in Piccadilly, aged 
83, Mr. Joihua Marks, a grcaf 
dealer in horfes, and a contrador 
in the late war for foirniflung 
horfes to draw the royal artilleryv 

In Upper Brook-ftreet, Henry 
Winfieldx efq. in the 83d year of 
his age. 

At Corff Caftle, tn the ifland of 
Purbeck, Mrs. Mary Symonds, 10 
the 107th year of her age. 

APRIL. 

They write from Bruflels, that i| 
number of idle riotous people af« 
fembled themlelves together^ and 
by force carried away tvery tbin^ 
that was brought into the public 
markets, declaring that thev would 
rather be hangra than narved; 
but, upon the guards being called* 
and a gallows immediately ere^ed 
upon Uie great place, they fooa 
difpeffed : trtrj thing is bow in 
perfeft quietnefs, and tte govern* 
ment is takine ever^ precaution to 
prevent the nkc difbirbancet for 
the future. 

A letter from Antwerp, dated 
March a8, fays, «« The deamefi of 
pro vifioni, which prCTaib through- 
out - the greateft part of Bnrope* 
has occanoned much* mnrmnnng 
aoyongft the ]>eople, and compUata 
of the multitude of taxes.- At 



tot the VEAR 1768. 



W 



ten^tki oh Friiday laft the turanlt 
brok^ OQt here : the popalace af- 
fembled in great numbers in the 
market^ and carried off or deihoy* 
cdeve^y thing they found there* 
The (aae thing, we find, has hap- 
pened at Brn£ls. But. by the 
prudent meafures taken by the-go- 
▼emment, tranquillity is at preicnt 
rc-eftabKAied. To make the more 
iBipreffionf gibbets have been eredt* 
•d in the market-place.'' 
^^ Report of the ftate of the city 
^^ hofpitals was read before 
the governors. 
St. Bartholomew's. 
Cured and difcharged froni 

thishoTpital 3804 

Out-patients relieved with 

advice and medicines' 321 1 

Tmfles given by the hofpital 

to 
Buried this year 
Remaining under cure 
Out-patients 

In 4II, including ont-patlents 7994 

St. Thomas's hofpital. 
Cured and difcharged from 

thb hofpital 6896 

Buried this year ^77 

Remuning under cure 467 

Out-patients 219 

Toul» including out-patients 7850 

Chrift's hofpitaL 
Children put forth apprqiti- 
cesand difcharged out of 
• thia hofpital laft year» 
twelve> whereof were in- 
ftruded in the aathema* 
"tics 144 

Buried in the laft yenr | 

Renudning im this hofpital 9Q} 

BrideweU hofpital. 
VStrtants* Stc relieired ind 
!£icharged 54t 




Maintained in (everal trades^ 

&c. 6* 
Bethlem hoMtl* 

Admitted into this hofpital 208 

Cured 1^2 

tinned • 56 

Remaining nnde^ ctftt 253. 

Cambrid^.His ferena high- g |^ 
nefs the pnnce of Monaco ar- 
rived inCog. at the Ro(^ inil ii^ 
this town from Newmarket* ac- 
companied only by a gentleman 
and two fervants. His highnefs 
viewed the fenate-houfe» and moft 
of the public buildings in the uni- 
verfity, and the next mornidg fet 
off for the fame place. 

The fubjeds for thd prizes given 
annually by the repreientatives 0^ 
this univerfity in parliameli^ are, 
this year. 

For the fenior batchelors i 

'* Qiiid caufae fuit quare gentes 
feptentrionales homicidia olim 
compenfaverint pecunia ; iipud ho- 
diernas autem leviora crimina 
morte et fuppliciis Crndeliffimis 
puniuntur ?" 

For the middle batchelOtt : 

" Utrum focietates nuper laiK'*: 
tVLtx an promovendas artes et coft« 
mercia magnos artifices et com- 
mercia elEecerint ?" 

The exereifes are to bl deliver- 
ed in by the loch of Jun# nejct, in 
the ufual manner. 

«• The deftraaion of Hiftfvek 
lor its iikimotaUty<^from the pro* 
phecies"-^ii «ppmtlted fbt the, 
lubjeA of the piem for Mr. Sea- 
tonS pflkc, th!» prefent year* 

At the quarter fedion* ,.,•, 
hd4 ar (Soucefter, the '™- 
lords of the manor of Teroorr, ju 
tfttftees of ihp loUs of that manort 
were con^fted upM an indigene 

iOi} for 



a»l 



ANN'UAL JlEGtSTlfR 



§ct not vfing in the public mar* 
Iftt a f)rafs Winchefter bufhclj^^ and 
paid the penalty of the ad in that 

fifc provided, 
xtradl of a letter from Newcaftle, 

April 8. 
** Laft Saturday a body of fai- 
Jors, to the number of 400 or 500, . 
alTembled at North S^elds, near 
this place, and proceeded from 
thence to ^undcrlandf with co- 
lours flying before them, and at 
the crofs there read a paper,* fet- 
ting forth their grievances, and s^ 
4emand of immediate rediefi. 
After, this they went on board the 
fpyer^i fhip3 in that harbour, and- 
ijruck (lowered down) their yards, 
jp order to prevent them from pro- 
ceeding to fea. On their, return 
to'ihore, they were jo^led by the 
f!ulor^ of that place with loud huz- 
zas, )Fho> together, paraded the 
fireets, ^Ith drums beating, colours 
liyltkff. Sec. Sec. In the afternoon 
tney feparatcd, and the former re- 
turned ag^un to Shields, where 
they committed great outrages, 
particularly on the butchers and 
inkers, who fufiered the lofs of all 
that lav in their way. The (hips 
in Shields likc.vife underwent the 
/ame fa^e as diofe in Sunderland. 
—On Sunday all was quiet ; but 
on Monday '^bout 1500 aflcmbled 
again in Sunderland* broke a erea^. 
number of windows, deilroyed the ; 
li^hp ^tid inner works of the af- 
f(mply*room> and broke to pieces > 
'6^ ,f^P fiZf^^ over the gatc-way«* 
at the entrance thereof (rqprefeni* * 
ing a mendicant ioilor apd*chari«f . 
ty,) which were, fuppoted by the 
ters'to be erefied in co»tempt of 
th^ fpnft of she wa^cs and their la« 
dfes.-r-A number of them alfo that 
day advanced very n^r this town, 
wbcic they halted, aod a dcudi-: 



ment was fent from the body tm 
reconnoitre the town ; but having 
daringly adx'anced too far, they 
were fnrronnded bv the foldiers 
quartered here, who were tketL 
under arm&to prevent any oacrages 
in the place, when four or five of 
them were;taken into caflody» aod 
the othets futfered to make a quiet 
retreat. An, unlucky acodent 
however happened, by one of the 
foldiers muiket's going off at the 
time of priming, which ihqt hi» 
companion in the rank througH 
the groin, of which he died ftl- 
moft immediately. 

'' The owners and mafters of 
fiiips, 'tis faid, have fi^ace agiieed 
to their dem^d&r but the tmmilc 
hat not yet totally fub&ded. 

" The beginning of thisweelc 
l]ie keelmen at Sunderland made a 
ftick, refufing to work any longer 
without theix mafters augmenting 
thei^ wages ; and they, have carri- 
ed their caufe to fiich a height 
that every one there is obliged to 
comply with their denMiids as (boti 
as a&ed. And there is not otoe o^ 
them who alTerts their having ever 
been ii^ured in the place (no mat* 
ter how many years ago^ but the 
injurer is vifited, and obliged to 
rcftore to the injured whatever he 
alledges is his right*" 

Was a remarkable low , 
tide in the river Thaa^es. ^^^^* 
The fand ba^lfs en both fides the 
bridge were dry » and aa oar 
might be gioittded in the bed of 
the rive;. 

Ac the anniverfary meet- . ^.t 
ii\g of the iMiom hoftatal, ^^^^' ' 
heH at Merchant Tay)m iiall, 
his royal hagh»tfs the d«ke of 
Gloucefor attfsAod as prcMent, 
accompanied by the marqoia sf 
Granbyt and many other perfens 

of 



For the' YfiAk^ i;*!" 



C9f 



of IlilKii&ioii ) t^hen tht collect- 
tlOnaiii^Qnted eo zoSiU 9S& ahd- 
obipenhjr. 

Sntttm slnd Bot^, 4nociilators 
Ittniif opened i hbnf? near Pe- 
ttrbdroogh, tHc ftiofe rttfe, to pre-^ 
Vtttty 03 tlkey Ckid, thfe Tpreadin^ 
tlie infefti6fi, by introducing, a 
diftftnpet thiit was not then in that 
iidfMKHirhobd, and threatened to 
pulldown the hdufe, which they 
^£ltd neatt -day, after an obfti- 
nk\t rt<tftahee» in which federal 
were irotinded, knd the undertakers 
(M^ to detatAp. 
1 rr K ^^^ fcfliohs .ended at the 
*>^'^-. Old Bailey. At this feffion 
ftmr prifdmefs reteived fentence of 
deith ; forty 'feveh fcntenced ro bt 
HiAfported for ievin years; one 
branded ih-the hand ; four were- 
ordered to be J>rivatcly whipped ; 
and fev^nteen were difcharged 
ijpoh {ittMTlaniation. . 

The fentence of* ciesith upon 
Margtrfet Watt* was rt^tcd ; a 
j^ty of matrons having on their 
M<)ilMtion found .Jier t6 be quick 
*i:h child* 

A defperate fray* hafjp^ed at 
Wappihg*fem<)ng fcveral gangs of 
cdalhedveH ; many pei^fons were 
woondedi and three or four houfes 
ilmoA ddlrdyed. 

18th ^" degant entertain- 
ment vftts given at the man-' 
^tt h6ufe to the prince of Mona- 
co ; at which' were prefent the 
dokes of Northumberland ^nd 
Grafton, the earls Sandwich and 
Harcourt, the marqois of Oyanby, 
atid others of the nobility , moft 
of the aldermeily and many pe'rfoni 
of diftin&ion. And in the even- 
ing their' royal higneflfes the 
dukes of Glouccfter and Cumber- 
land honoured tht lotd taayot with 



their practice, the latter opened 
tke ball With the lady mayoref;;. 
Bxtra6^ of a letter from C. Maw#. 

hood^ efq; lieu^hant-colonel of 

thrf i9th regiment, to Sir John' 

Fielding. 

'« GibraTtar, March 6, 17CT. 

A private foldierof the 19th re*' 
gihient, urtder my command here,^ 
has confefied himfelf a murderer ;' 
inclofed I have taken the liberty 
to tranimit to yoo a copy of* his 
confeflion, viz. 

'* I Nathaniel Jones, foldiei" in 
the i9th regiment, in Chapel Norr' 
ton's company, do" confefs, that' 
^bout' the month of Augull, 176J, 
I murdered a woman dreflfed in a 
flampt cotton jacket, and a check 
apron (the colour of the petticoat 
I forgot), near Yeovil, in Sorter- 
fetfliire, in the crbfs country road 
leading from Beaminfter to Yeovil ;• 
and then, having taken what money. 
I could find upon her, threw hef 
into a marl pit near thereto, * 
Signed, Nathaniel JoMEs:** 
Wunerfes fi'gned/ 

• J. Mack gill, Ueuienarit. 
K. Arnold, ferj*eant. ■' 

J. I^ichards, corporiK 

Mr. Wilkes appeared be-«' * * V 
fore the' court of King's J^^""- 
bench, ind declared his furfcnddr 
in the following fpeech : " • ^ 
" Mir Lords, 

M According to the voluntafv 
promife I made to the public, T 
now appear be'fote this (bvereign 
court 6f'jnftic<, to fubmlifmvf&f 
in every thing to the ^v^s 'pf my 
Count|:y. 

" Two verdiffe haV^ been found 
agiihft me. One is fbr thfe tc* 
publication of the 'North Bitf^Jn, 
No. 45, the othef for the pnblica- 
tioA of a 1 udicroil> t oem . 



> 

.*.* 



H] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



^^ At to the re^puUicat ion of tho 
sQmber of the North Britoa» I 
c^not yet fee that there is tho 
fna^leil degree^ of gailt. I have 
often read and examined that fa- 
mous paper. I know that it i» in 
every part founded on the ftrong* 
«A emence of fads. • I find it fnll 
of doty and refpoft fo the perfon 
of the King, although it arraigan 
in the levered manner* the ^on- 
do A of his Majefty's then minifteri, 
and brings very heavy charfet 
home to them. I am perfuaded 
that they wtie well grounded* be- 
caofe every one of thofe minidcr» 
h^fince been removed. No one 
inftance of ^al(hood has vet been 
pointed oqt in tkat pretended UbeU 
nor was the word '* falfe*' in tho 
information before this court. I 
am therefore jmMtly ^y under 
^yczy impnuuon refpe^lii^ a pa« 
per» in which truth has guided the 
pen of the writer^ whoever he was* 
in every fingle line ; and it is this 
oircamftanee which has drawn on 
inr» as the fuppofed author* all the 
cmdtifis of minifterial vengeance. 

*' As to tl^ other pharge againft 
me» for the pt^blication w a poem 
w)iich has given juH o^nce, I will 
aflerl that luch ^n idea ney er ca« 

rd n^y mind. J blufh aeain at 
recoUcAion that it has^ been %t 
any time* and in any yray. brought 
to the public eye, and drawn 
from the obfcurity in which it re- 
anained pndcr mv roof. Twelve 
oopses of a (m^ part of |t lu4 
been printed in ^ky bonfe, al my 
own private prefs. I had carefully 
lockM ihrm up* ^i I never jgavc 
^ne td the moft iniimaie Irtend. 
C o ■ ■ L t» after the aCur of the 
Horth Briton» bribed one of my 
krvants to rob me of the copy, 
It^lufibwas produced in- the hoofe 
of fcarsy and afterwards. before 



this honourable oourt The ns* 
tton was juftljr oflmdcd* bat noh 
with me, for it was evident that I 
had not been guilty of the kaft 
offence to the pAlic* I^piay God 
to forgive, as i do, the inry» wlio 
have found me guilty of pubtiflvinr 
a poem I concealed with care, and 
which is not even yet publiihed, if 
waf precife meaning can be afixcd 
to any, word in our language. 

<f But, my lords, neither of tho 
two verdiAs could have been found 
againft me, if the records had not 
been materially altered without mv 
confent, and, as I am informed 
contrary to 1«— . On the evcainf 
only beforn the two tria l i j i ■ 

caufed the records to be al- 
ured at his own houfe, againft tbe 
confent of my folicitor, and with- 
out my knowledge ; for a danger* 
qus illneb, ariiin^ from an affair 
of honour, detained me at that 
time abroad* The alterations were 
^ the tttamft importance s and X 
was in confeqncnce tried the very 
i|ext day on two new charges, 
of which I could know nothing : | 
will venture to declare this ]^ro- 
ceeding on ntl I am advifed 
that it it ii^l, and that it rendcra 
both the vtrdi^s abfolutely void*, 

" I have ftood forth, m^ lords, 
in fupport of the hws againft the 
arbitranr 9jR$ of minifters. Tbia 
Cpnrtof juftice, in a folemn appeal 
refpefting general warrants. ihew« 
ed their fenfo of my condud* ( 
ftuill continue to reverence the 
wife and mild fyftem of Enslifli 
laws, and this excellent conmto- 
tion. I have been much mifrepre* 
fented { bat, under every fpecies of 
perfecution, I will remain firm and 
iirie^W to the monarchy, dutiiul 
and alfcAionate to the illuftrioua 
prince who wears the crown, ancl 
ig the whole Brunfwlclt line. 

«» Aa 



Fof the YEAR i76«^ 



[9i 



«* As to an nkc, intricaite points 
#f law, I am fm^te how narrow 
JMid cireumfcribed my ideas are; 
bot I have experienced the deep 
knowledge and great alnlities of 
my coanfel. With them I reft the 
legal part of my defence, fabmit* 
ting every point to the judgment 
of this honourable courtt and to 
the laws of England/* 

When Mr. Wilkes had finifhed 
this ioeech, Mr. attorney general 
moved fbr his immediate commit- 
ment on the outlawry. • He was 
anfwered bjr Mr. Serjeant Glyn, 
Mr. Recorder of London, Mr. 
Mansfield, and Mr. Davenport, 
ftiocefively ; who all moved the 
coort for a writ of error, which 
Mr. attorney general, on being 
applied to on Saturday fe'nnieht, 
had refofed to grant. They ipe- 
cified feveral particulars in which 
the proceA of the outlawry was er- 
roneous,^ as fttfficient ground for 
the motion, and offered to give 
any ball for Mr4 Wilkes's appear* 
ance. The court then proceeded 
to give their opinions Jerlatim. 
IxM-d M. fpoke long and forcibly 
on the improprietv of the proce- 
dare On both fides ; obferving. 
■wt the attorney general cooM 
not, with the leauft appearance, of 
renfon^ or of law, move for the 
commitment of a perfon who was 
not legally in court f nor had the 
coottcu lor the defendant anv bet* 
tcr plea for their motion in favour 
of a man who appeared ^atis before 
them : he added, that had Mr. 
Wilkes been brought thither by \ 
writ of tafUti uhmgmumt the mo- 
tion might then have been made 
with propriety, and the court 
might have exerted* had they plea* 
fed, their difcretionary Power in 
aooepting or refofing his bail* 



His lordfhip further exprfSBd him- 
ielf as very happy in having an 
opportunity of explaining hit fen- 
timents publicly* belbre fo hrge 
an aud&Kice, with reW^ to the 
charge brought againft him bf 
Mr. Wilkes, of gtaating an order 
for the amendment in the infor- 
mation againfthim, in fubftitnting 
the word ani0r inftead of tt&tsrt % 
dedaring, repeatedly, tnat he 
thought himfelf bound in duty to 

Eant it ; that he conceived it to 
the uniform praAice of all the 
judges to grant fnch amendments % 
that he had himfelf frequently re- 
peated the fame pryftice in other 
eaufes, without the leaft objeMon 
being ever offered againft it. The 
reft of the judges agreed with the 
chief juftice in opuion, that, as 
Mr. Wilkes was not legally befbrd 
the court, no proceedings could 
be had upon his cafe ; Mr. juftice 
W. particularlv remarking, ••That 
the officers of the crown had no 
right ^o throw upon that court the 
bufinefs of committing Mr. Wilkes 
upon his frmh appearance, out of 
the common conne of law, when 
they might have brought him be* 
lore it legally by a writ of im^^u 
mtUgnhm^ which it would have 
been very eafy to have executed* 
ftnce he had notoriouily appeared 
in public for feveral weeks paft ; 
and in that cafe the attorney gene- 
ral might have made his motion 
with propriety." 

About two o'clock Mr. Wilkee 
lefk the couft, and though thtto 
was a very great crowd, not tht 
leaft difturbance happened* If^ 
formation indeed had been given 
to the lord mayor, tharf^me yui, 
fons at a public houfe in Dnhe^e 
place were preparing In rai(!» n 
mob: and hu iQtdlM fiAm%kXbm 



9^ 



ANJ^V 



PiEClSTPR 



ff^}pti cfi$B9&< to enqoi^rinto t^ 

fott|i(ifft ^i^e: flag, with' No. 4^., 

lipQU. it,. A: hft^gtT •ari|4 katchgt.ly- 

kig hy if, Mdt\<^.^e;^,iua^gttar4 
lp:d^jf(^ itjfiwlipi^ tkfl^^fficMf *p- 

, W«ftmlftfcrrh?Jl frwfiM .v«r)r,,f}iU 
9a |he-of^a6on,.-:^& ^w^Iltfi*^ both 
the PalOfce-yaTdo } • Ihi$ not (h^.kiMt 
iii^vtonfi? h^j^^f d, ey<ry thing 

y^' 'Willjes wbaa ^.-h^- ^fi^^iw tQ 

owftv .^k^^ k^ .R"^reid Jiftfr. bft 
qiiiiil€d-f^ c court* .,,;..; /f 

TM magiftrates of Wcjlmiaften 
iivide^jthemfijW?^ ia thf fev^r^J 
^bfrfie»^ aad the t^onllablos i^t^ 
^ndcd ^t call in ey^iy part ;-.twa 
baM^UoD^o^ tko gy^^. iary.oa 
their . arms ia St. , J,am«s'5-park, 
others were in St. QeojJge's-fields, 
^Ifo .tkofe at St« ^ines-s» the Sa^ 
Voy» liod the To^p r; .^cife all kept. 
ia icadincfs tomar^-at^ minat«*& 
%aj:ping { as w;qrc alfo fevcral 
tyoQpa pf horfe, i^ cafe .of any 
ditloryb^ace. Proper precautions 
w^tc likesvife taken in< the city, 
by tl^e conjabjes beiiig or4eredt 
to be \n •readinefs} all of.whom* 
toth io Weftrainlii«fr aQ4 the city, 
together with tho jnidkary, w«rc 
ordered to be in wailing ;ill two* 
o'clock -this^oruing. . ^ • 

-•Tt^ere was another giieat d'lfi- 
tuibance in Wapping.amongll.the 
qpaJlt^v?!^: •4a4f. pihcf «, jr> that 
branch ft ^h^ gtcat nun^bers. befct^ 
tfcehoij^ife of Mr. aGrecn^,^ .public 
can, who defended •the 'fame '^1 
i^ght ; itn4 atgrcat many (hot wef e : 
6xpd> oa b^th fides, wherein three 
'qf'^^hje^ ai&oj^ts were, killed, aod* 
ffvenJ, if^^^^y wottoded. T^t 



M^dS"Wpt€ Ceui fotf .and Mr* 
Green and oaa Gib)atlH)rp» being 
charged ()efore j^^ice Hodgioit 
witl^ killing Willia^ W^ ^^ 
twox»t}iers, were by t^-faid g;oard 
condni^ed ;to N ew«te. ..••,., , 

TThey . Wj«K! Sopa. faalithieli, 
that ^ott/iW^dneiiUy: lail a quc/j 
;he propel^, of a gisntkp^n in that 
neigh()ourhood, was. purch^ed by 
a bntcl^r ^ tut^nqr g^i^ea^it fnd 
whca klUdvi wail in/ a few hoon 
{bid off ft fiX'pence pef po\iad^ to 
9nivcrff L fati«fa6Uqn, flie being 
cj^cepdiBjg ftne m«t. Wh^t waj 
vej-y rjW*>^JcaWc in thU qwy i3» 
fh^w^,4^ twin f:alf >;vit)^ a ball; 
^. was f<;ven years .old, and nerer 
had 4 calf, ypt gav^ milk for fear 
years, funinier and w^nt^i-^ ^nd at 
tlif fa^ne.tinie grew fo yery fat and 
Ur^e, that people from aU qnar- 
t^rscanie to fee her. . Sh^ fed in 
common with the other cows. 
When ope;ied, it was obfcrved^ 
that ihe had no calf-bed. 
. -,Y<cil^rda.y .a half-peni^ loaf, 
adorned with mouf ni^g crape, was 
hung up ^ &veral parts -of the 
i^oyal Exchange, with aa Infcrip- 
tion thereon, containing fome rc;- 
Rexioi^ touching the high prict 
of .bread and other proviiionM 
which, having been (hifted to.fe- 
ver^l di&rent ilations, was at 
l^gth nailed ap at the^north fide 
of thq a^ref;^id}>uilding» and there 
le^t for. the infpedion of the pub- 
lic ; , \ 
. Lent Circoit. 

At Ayleftury Affiles, three, were 
^pi tally convided. John Inns, 
for bigamy, was burnt in the hand. 
.. At Bedfbrd aifij^, none were 
capitally convided. * 
. At Chek^sford arizes, n^ were 
capitally €onvi^^» 

At 



u. 



- For. the YEAR 1768. 



J97 



« At Hertford Affixes^ nine were 
capitally convi^ed^ of. whom fix 
were reprieved, , 

Ac ISteading afllze^y ,fix were ca- 
pi^t|y^ coavi£led. Tkere 'was {6 
mach bufinefs that th^ ja^ge could 
nq^ leave the ^OkVQ> and Mr, fer- 
jeant Eytes went to Oxford to^pen 
the commifiion there. A foldier 
wss tried for an attempt to abufe 
twb.girlsy one about eight years 
oldt the other* £ve ; and wa$ fen- 
tenced*to fuSer thsee.montljs un« 
prifonment, and to (land^.^wice 
la the-' pillory at. Windfor* One 
Taylor was tried for a robbery, 
and fentenced to be tranfported. 
This man had fbv feveral years 
pradifed informing aeainU car* 
lien who Vd mor^ horf^s in iheir 
waggons than allowed by sifi of 
jariiament. ^ ., . " 

AtXi)bcford> tl^eailizes proved a 
inaiden qtie > find the j^dges, coun* 
cil^ &c. were presented with white 
gloves, as Cgiiilomary pn fuch an 
occafion. . , ^ . j 

At Saliibui^y, feven convids re* 
ceived fentence of death, among 
whom was Curtis^ £qr murdering 
the Jew. He was executed on a gib-* 
bet ereded onjpurpofe on Herman 
Kills, auid afterwards hung in 
chains. He denied the fad to the 
ia^, though carried round the pit 
-where the dead body was found. ' 

At Worceftcr affizes, three were 
capitally convided. At thefe af- 
fixes, a remarkable caufe was tri- 
ed, wherein a young woman of 
Elmley-lovett was plaintiir, and a 
gentleman of the fame place de- 
fendant : the adion was brought 
by the plaintiff fqr a promife of 
marriage made to her by the dcr 
fend^nt when (he was but at tho 
%ge of feventeei^ ye^rs, and it be* 
\nf accompanied with fome ag- 



gravating circumftances; the jury, 
after a trial of . thirreen hours, 
withdrew, and iUying put abont a 
quarter of an hoi^r, returned into 
court, and found a^verdid .for 
400 1, vdamages, bi^iides cofts of 
fuit. ' • . ,* . J ' 
, At the ailizes at Taunton, fonr 
perfons received fenteace of d/?aths 
aipong them £. Philppt, for the 
murder of his father, who. was or- 
dered fo^ execution o/i Saturday 
laft. , , . ... 
. At Glouce^r afQzeSt. eight were 
capitally convidedi but only two 
were orde;-ed for ej^ccu.tion* S»f 
mveltWaliington, for the murder 
of his father^, w^ ^c^uitt^^ a» 
inline. : , ,. . 

At Monpiouth n&tt^, four wor^ 
capitally €onvided.:i-^ba,t were all 
reprieved, ..'... 

At York ailizes, fix : were capi* 
tally convidfd ; of .)vMm five wore 
reprieved, -y .. ' v • 

At Lincoln adizef^ eight were 
capitally convicled. ^ 

At Lancader, aiCzes, one W94 
capitally convided. for forger y» 
b^ut reprieved. 

At Staf/ord adizes, eleven were 
capitally conyifled » .of 'whom fc»» 
ven.were reprieved* 

At Shrewsbury a ilizesA 'five were 
<;apltally convidad*.^. •. 

At Derby aflizes, the remark-? 
able Charles Plei^fants, for a for-r 
gery, was capitally convided. . 
, -At Warwick ^flizes, four were 
capitally convided. , 
. At the; ^iTizes at Bury St. Ed* 
mond's, (even were capitally con- 
vided. • , . 

At Maiddone, aflizes^ five were 
capitally .convided. 

At KIngfton aflizes, fix were ca- 
pitally convided ; of wnopi three 
were reprieved. . 

At 



98} 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



At Wwnchcfter affizet« fotir wrrc 
CApif?lIy convidcd. 

At the aiflaei at Launctfton, &ve 
were ca^italljr C0avt£^ ; but were 
all reprieved. 

The foUowing fhockinr af&ir 
happened at Bow, near Mtle«ei!ld. 
Mr. Sayer* an eminent malt^dtf* 
tiller at Bow, went early in the 
moniing into his garden, and look- 
ing into the neceflTary honfe (aw a 
man there* whom he qodlioned, 
afking what bafinefs he had there, 
and who he #as ? The man, who 
proved afterwards to be a lanatic, 
MX malcing a (ktisfaAory reply, 
Mr- Sayer thought proper to fc* 
care Mm, which, with the affiftance 
mf his fervants, he effeAed, and 
carried hinf before a magilbate, 
who committed him for the prefent 
to the pariih workhonfe, till he 
could be more fafely takoi care of. 
In this pl^ he continiied ail day, 
a&d beluving to appearance in a 
ttafenable meaner, about ten at 
Bight he prevailed on the beadle^ 
«M another perfen who were or- 
dered to lit Of^ with him, toraiee 
off hit handcttft, which* being 
Aiade for a woman, hnrthiswrilU 
and canfed them to fwell. He then 
a&ed what it was o'clock, and on 
being told near eleven, replied, 
- als very wett: at that titoe f 
foall begin my %ork.^ According- 
}y, when the clock ftnick eleven, he 
took op a chair, with which he en- 
deavoured to knock down the two 
pcrfons who were appointed to take' 
care of him : one of whom how- 
ever (the beadle) lotkily got out, 
on which the madman immediately 
bolted tie door, and with a cleaver, 
which happened uofortanatelv to 
be left in thcYoom, he fevered the 
ma»*> bHd *ftt»n 'his body. He 



then opened the door, and went tm 
to the ward where the po6r lay, ana 
cut and mangled in a dreadful man- 
ner the helplefs wretches as they lay 
in bed ; and with the cleaver liaa 
fplit the door of the room where 
the mader of the workhonfe lay, 
when luclcily liRftance camc» and 
by means of fire-arms fobdaed him ; 
but his airm was firii Ihattered to 
pieces with a bollet, one of hia 
hands almoft cut off, and his Ikoll 
fraanrtd ; fo that it was thought 
he couKl not live. 

Extraft of a letter from Cocker* 
mouth* 
•' This day the high /heriff . 
of Cumberland made his re- ^ 
turn of members for the county. 
In the courfe of the poH 175 of 
the freeholders, who tendered their 
votes for Mr. Curwen and Mr* 
Fletcher, and $7 of the friends of 
Sir James Lowther and Mr. Sen- 
hour e, were rejeded by die retmm* 
ing officer. Af^ two or three 
days taken for deliberation, the 
fiieriff proceeded this morning to 
fhrther rejeftions, and ftmck one 
of the poll-books upwards of 50 of 
the votes for Mr. Curwen ana Mr. 
Fletcher, and about one fourth 

Ct of that number from Sir lames 
wther*s and Mr. Senhoufe^s lift. 
On the refnlt of the whole, the 
high flieriff found that the num* 
hers were, for 
Henry Corwen, efq. tr^g 

Sir James Lowther 1977 

Henry Fletcher, efq. 1975 

Major Scnhoufe 1 89 1 

and he thereupon returned Mr, 
Curwen and Sir James Lowther. 
The greatell part of thofe who 
we're rejeded in prejudice of Mr. 
Curwen and Mr. Fletcher were 
neighbours 10 Uie former of thefe 

gentle* 



For the YEAR 1768. [9^ 

fentkmett^ MXni lived within hit the common gallows is isfQally fixed 
manors. The objedion uken to at executions : after making a fire 
them was* that the land-tax affeff- they committed the effigy to the 
joents were not duly figned and flames, and fcattered the aflies in 
fealed by the commiflioners, though the air» and then ouiekly difperfed 
the voters were rated in the dupu* to their refpedive homes/' 
cate» and adlually paid, and had A letter from Dublin, dated 
for years paid, the,land*tax; andit April i6, iaysg '' Yefterday, at a 
is very oofervable, that the eftate quarter aSembly of the lord mayor* 
Mr. Curwen gave in as his qnali* aldermen, &c. it was agreed that 
fication for luiight of the ihire» his excellency lord vifcoantTownf- 
was not fttfiicient, in the judgment hend be applied to, to hooour tho 
cf the Oieriflr, to intitle hun to vote city of Dublin to fit for bis pidnre, 
as a-fbrtyihillingsa year freeholder, to be painted by a native of thit 
OB account of th^ informality of the kingdom, at the citvexpence, in 
afleffinent. honour of his excellency's jgreat 

^ f A large body of coal- fervtces to this kinj^dom, andjptr^ 
>^ heavers afiembled in a riot* ticularlyfor obtaimng tht odcn» 
ouft manner in Wapping» went on nial bill. 

board the cpUiers, and .obliged, the Letters from Stockhohn tdvtfe» 
men who were at work to leave that the lady of the refident from tho 
^; fo.that the bufinefs of deli-, emprefs of Ruffia was lately infult* 
vering fhips, in the river, is whol- ed in her coach by three carmen of 
^ at a ihuid. Thefe men com- that city, who broke the glafles of 
plain of their mafters, the under- the coach^ and beat the coachman« 
takers, that they opprefs them in &c. by which fright (he mifcarried* 
varioos ihape^, that they ^^urtail and the carmen were all arretted, 
their wages, pay them not in^mon and condemned to death; but the 
ipey, but in liquor and goods of a refident interceding for them, the|F 
b^d quality; and that thefe under- were only whipped, 
tfikeri get fortunes, while the poor This morning Mr. ^^"^^*^27th 
^B^ns* mmilies who do the work are attorney acquainted the attor* ' * 
lUrving. This riot was attended ney-general, that Mr. Wilkes was 
with much bloodihed; the rioten in cuftody.by a writ of t^^mg 
having met with oppofition, fought mUgmtumi and prayed that the writ 
defperatelyi and ieveral lives were of error might oe granted ; but the 
loft. attorney-general not thinkint that 

ExtraA of a letter from Edin* information fuffioient (though he 
bnr^h. doubted' not that gentleman's ve- 

** A number pfapprentice boys, sacity) for him to grant it, the 
amounting to feveral hundreds, af- under-fheriff waited on him - v^ 
fembled here, and carried on their confequence, and acquainted him, 
ihonlders a figure which the^ called that Mr. Wilkes was in coftody, 
Mr. Wilkes. After parading the and would a^^ear in court by lus 
llreets, and (houtipg Wdht and Uaioit; whereupon the attorney* 
J^iiertf, they carried him to the general admitted tbe writ ^f er- 
Gra^-market, where4they chaired rot ; and, about three o'clock ia 
the mock hf TO ,oi| the ftooc where the «fienioQn, M^, Wilkes was in* 
* tiodnccd 



woj 



ANN tJ Alii 3LEGISTER 



cr^dttc^d in. 4 ^ligftl mftmier. into bbftfire, indoblifedtht iahkibiUiiti. 

li»6 court of kkii't bench : when of the Boroogh to illuminate thtrit 

hi4 counfel moytS/ at the writ of hourei> bm at captain^s guard of ido- 

error vt^as granted* that Mr. Wilkci^ itien arriving! abont t^eWt, they 

might be admiUed to bail ^ bnt the: ad) quietly difpetfed. ^ 

court were ef oi^inion that neither. Came on in th« court of kihgV 

kc'tfor any ptifon could 'l>e ad- Benth,Weflminfl6r>btrc9eth« right* 

mitted to bail after convidion , and honourable iordchief jnftice Mans* 

aceordinglf. orddred Mr;: Wiikies. fieki, the grand canfe bet«te«A the 

iato cnilody.y and to be committed eoll^e of phyfitlans and thelicen*^ 

to the king'9 bcnth prifon for thcf uate»» when> aftet a long1iearthgf»- 

fkrefeni ; and * thereupon hd was which kifted tili near three o'clock/ 

taken : into cuftody by the proper a verdid was giten i^ favour /^th« 

^tex» of,\tha xoclrt; but* m he former. 

was-^oiRg thither in a. hackney They write fr6m Tobago, that 

«oach> attended. by .Mefi*. Stichall* a human fkeleton was latelydug np- 

a^d HoUoway, tj^ftaffs to lord^ en SoiherviUe's plantation, with. 

M^sfieM*. the ..mob. liopped tha gold bracelets on the arms, fuppd- 

coach on Weflminfter-bridg«> took led to - haye been depoilted there 

0^ the I horfes^. And drew it alotig befbre theiiland was known to Eu-* 

the Strand, Fleet* (Ireet, &c»' to ropedns. 

Spital-fields. When they came ta ExtraA of a letter from Hereford j 

Spital'-fqoare, they obliged the - • April 1 7. 

two tipftaSs to ^et out, and let ^* -Velters Cornwall, efq; tr^ 

them go V£ry qme^ly a\yay; the^ brought t6 this place to be inter-^ 

then drew Mr. Wilkes to the red, by hisownfonj in ourcathe- 

Three Tunt tavern ,inSpital-fields, dral. There hai not been fucha 

whece, from a one pair of flaira burial in HereA^rd in the memo^ 

windpw^, he ' carncftly entreated; ry^ of any one* The phxSeffioft 

them to retire, which they did ac* wai as follows f ifirft, four mutes 

cordingly. Afttf. which he went on Jiorfeback ; then the hearfe 

in a private manner* and furrjen^ with the efcutcheons, a mourning 

dered himfelf to the mar^al of the ioachy Jirc. next the mayor ana 

king's bench . prifon.* Many jnili-* twenty-four •aldermen, with hat-« 

ces of the peace, and.-a prodigiout bands, fcarfs, gloves, and tings ; 

number of conftables, attended in twenty-four- chief conftablfeSj hat- 

and near Weihninfter-hall, but not bands and gloves j eight gentl^-^ 

the leaH noife or riot was made men, luitbands, fcarfif, gloves, an4 

there. . * ' rings; eight tradefmen and gen- 

. The next day he was vifited bjt Uemens* ftrvants, with hatbands and 

jn^ny of his friendir and the prifon gloves; two phyficians and cler- 

W^s furroundcd by a numerooa gymen, hatbands, fcdfft, gloves,, 

pohcOnrfc o£ people^ Mrho it was ?ind rings. He ivas met at the 

expeded would nave offered fdme weft door of the church by the 

outrage,, ^nt ail remained qdiet twelve Vicars, Avith hatt^nds^ 

till night ; when they pulled up fcarfs, gloves, and rings, ail th« 

ihe^niiis/.which.cnclofed the ftrot- chori^er^ u^hd fung him into the 

wa>*, with '.which.- they rnade^ 2( ^hoir; th«n i fo?xtfral fermon wa* 

* ,. . . preache^ 



: For the, TE AIL' 1768. '/A [101 

peached by Mr. Felton. Tkii could difUngalihQb|c&5,weinafcli« 

was all his own de£re; all the cho- ed this morning in parfait of themi 

rillcrs are to have guineas or half they made a faint Aiew of re£ibnce) 

guineas each* One part of the but arr gone entirely off, IB it i« 

proceflioD I had lik«tohave forgot thought, through the Changauia^ 

was, the two women, that ufed to Pafs into the Baharah-^Haul COOR^ 

carry the apple boughs before him, try. ... 

followed the corpfe with the applw We followedth^n till the ftrength 

covered with crape; themoft mov« and fpirits of oar army was qtfite 

ing fcene I ever faw, it drew tears cxhaultcd, and obliged us to halt 

from the eyes of moil of the fpefla- on the fpot we are now encamped* 

Kors. All the mayor's officers had which is about eight miles on the 

liatbaiids and glo\'es. He was 72 road to Changama from Trino- 

years of age. • . malle. Laft night wc feized nine 

Extr«^ of a letter from Fort St. of their guli§, and are now in po|U 

George^ in the Eaft Indies, dated feflion of about fifty pieces of their 

OAoli^r %j 1767. oaanon, which they could notdr^ 

. •^ We. kf ve received firom on* jy off in their precipitate retreat* 

camp the followiing account of the Both our officers and men behaved 

defeat of tfce joint forces of Nizam with the greateft refolution. The 

Aly and . Hydcr Aly, near . Tri- enemy's lols mud be great, b«t 

nomalle, on the 26th of Septem- cannot 'be afcert«ined, as the mo- 

bcr laft, by the company's forces, ment a man is killed or wounded* 

under the command of colonel Uiscompanlons carry- him off. The 

Smith. ., prifoners iiiform us that our can- 

From the field of battle at Erronr, non made great havoc amonf 

near Trinomalle, Sept. 17, 1767. them. • • 

*' Vcfterday evening, after feve- ' We learn ftnce, that fburteca 

ral manoeuvres on both £des, we more pieces- df'tht enemy's can* 

brought the enemy to an adion, non have been found am ng the 

and have effedlually routed them, bufhes.** 

They endeavoured at firft to turn They write fvom' Conftantino- 

a warm cannonade upon our left : pie, of thd !l6th pft/ that' they 

and as we could not well come at* have not had» Within the memory 

tkcir guns, on account of a morafs oi man, fo k'lrtte a winter as the 

in front, we weife ordered to en- prefent. It oontinues (lUl to hail 

deavour to turn their left round and fnow very tnuch, which is 

fome hills which lay in our front, veryextraopdinary in this advanced 

We did {q, and preiently brought' feaion. 

tkem to an a^on, which after a A great 'natTiber of the ;»qJ, * 

veryfmart fire, ended in their de- foremen of the Coalheavers "^ 

fent. Our lofs is fma'll; the ra- attended- alderhian Beckford, inA* 

ptdity with which our troops ad- other juftices 6f the peace, andi 

vnsced upon them allowing them heard the ' afl of parliament for 

to do ns little harm, every thing their regulation read and explain^' 

confidered. We^ lay on the field ed, and had- the pi'ice of their Jln-j 

aU la& nighty and, as foon u we bour fettled ; when they all ajpeeA 



* . > * 



102] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



CO renter their gangs, and go to 
work. 

Yefterday, being the annireifaiy 
meeting of the governors of the 
finalUpox hoTpitaU a fennon waa 
preacbedatSt. Bride's, Fleet-ftreet, 
by the reverend Dr. Halifax, rec- 
tor of Chadlington, Bucks* and 
vicar of Ewell in Sitrry. After 
which an elegant entertainment was 
provided for them at Drapers-hall, 
Throgmorton*ftreet. The collec- 
tion at the church and hall amount- 
ed to 72aL and upwards. 
£xtni£l of a letter from Florence, 
March 26th. 

*' The great duke having been 
indifpofed for fome days laft week, 
the celebration of the emperor's 
name-day, and the ceremonies ap- 
pointed to be performed on that 
occafion, were poftponed till the 
^ift, when his royal highnefs, af- 
filed by count Rofenoerg, and 
baron Neny, fecreury of the order 
of the golden fleece, invefted the 
young prince his Ton with the'en- 
ligns of that order. The great 
duke was feated on a throne ; and 
both he and count Rofenberg wore 
the collar of that order, but not 
the habit ; though, in every thing 
eUe, the ceremonjr was the fame as 
is performed at Vienna on the like 
occaijon. After this, the great 
duke preceded the great duchefs to 
the chapel of the court, to which 
her royal highnefi, with the ^oung 
prince on her lap. Was earned in 
a rich fedan, and was attended by 
the grande maitrtfle and the ladies 
of honour* On her return from 
thence, (he and the great duke 
i tceived the compliments of the 
foreign roinifters, and permitted 
^heir fnbjeAs to kift their hands, 
whidi b 1^ ceremony that'isrepeat- 
odwi^P«Ui« occafiont They 



afterwards dined in public^ and ifl 
the evening there was a great 
drawing-room.*' 

The government of Naples ioLM 
ifltted an order, that no book^ 
written bpr a jefnit, (hall be fold 
or kept in any bookfellers (hop. 
No books are excepted, not even 
thoTe which relate to the mathe- 
matics. 
Extras of a letter from Vienna. 

** At length we have a good pro* 
fpeA of the general intrbdudion of 
inoculation mothbcountrv, where 
it has not been praAifed hitbcrtcs, 
except near three years ago, on ike 
daughter of the Englilh mnbaflh- 
dor, lord Stormont. Yonr conn* 
tryman. Dr. Houlfton^witha prac- 
titioner of this city, Dr«^ Collins, 
have already fuccefsfolly inoculat- 
ed feveral, both in die hofpital of 
the latter,, and elfcwheie. I believe 
the praAke will foon become ge- 
neral, as thefe gentlemen meet 
with the greateft ezuiouragement 
here ; if it Tucceeds, we ihall ^ve 
confidcrable obligations to Eng- 
land, from whence i( has-been 
brought to us, and confequently to 
the {myficians who have intxodoced 
icinthiscit^.'' , 

A comnaCon this day ^^ 
pafled the great feal, autko- ^^** 
rizinghis royal highnefs the duke 
of Cumberland, Thomas lord arch- 
bi(hop of Canterbury, and other 
lords, to open and hold the new 
parliament on the loth.day of Mav, 
being the Sty of the return of the 
writs of fummons. 

A fire broke oat at a baker's la 
Whitechapel-road, occafioned by 
laying wet faw-duft on the oven t» 
dry« which taking fire, foon (et 
the neighbourhood on firt, and a 
coachmakei's adjoiniivg fpread^the 
Hames fo rapidly that fix hoofn^ 

were 






For the YEAR 1768. 



Uo$ 



■vere prefently confuined, withooc 
giving time to the inhabiunts td 
lave any ot their efFefls* 

The village of Brady* near 
Amicnsy in Prance, was deilroyed 
by fire* two hoafes only excepted. 
A fine whole^ leneth picture of 
his inaje(ly» nainced by Ramfay, 
was presented by his excellency 
the lord*Heutenant of Ireland to 
the univerfity of Dublin. 

They write from Paris, that a 
v<cry curious £Dwling-^iece, pf a 
new invention, and weighing only 
fevch foitttds, had been pre^ntecl^ 
on tBr i4th paft» to the king at 
C^Tf. T>is piece difcharges it- 
felt tn^hty-foor timts in two mi* 
naees» dnly'4>y layinjK hold of the 
barreU afite^.the firft £ot, and then 
permitting' It to make of itfelf a 
Armi-csr^foTrom left to riff ht, and 
afterwards from right to &ft. By 
this Ample operation, it re-loads, 
and is ready again. 

An aloe, of the kind entitled by 
boumfts '* Aloe Americana So- 
botifera,** and fprong from a feed 
bronght bv M. De la Condamine 
from ^e banks of the river Ama- 
ton, we are told is now in bloom 
in the royal garden of the Schon* 
bran at Vienna. It is feven feet 
kigli, ami is ornamented with up- 
wards of forcy-five flower. iUlks* 
But the moft remarkable circum- 
fiance attending this plant is, that 
it was raUed hpm a feed brought 
from fo very great a diflance; a 
circnmftance which can^iot but fa- 
ci&tmte the faniifliing our gardens 
and hot-honfes with exoticks, 
though it were to be wiihed, per- 
haps for thb end, that M. De la 
Condamine, or fome other inge- 
nious perfon^ had pointed out the 
b^ method of bringing oyer 
plants in gnun. 



Tn the fame gaHen, we are told# 
rikewife is, at prefent, a " Palma 
Ja|Hmica,*[ with the fruit. Thcfc 
fruiui which are no more than five 
hundred in number, are of a beau- 
tiful red colour, and about the big- 
nefs of a date. 

They write from Bar fur Seine^ 
in Champagne, that on the a6tii 
laft, a fire broke out at the village 
of Virey near that town, which 
reduced co aihes twenty-two houfes 
and eighteen barns, the latter all 
full o? corn. A child and ibme 
cattle likewife pcriihcd in the 
flames. 

£xtra^ of a letter from Konbgf- 
foerg, March 51. 

•« On the 1 8th, at five in the 
evening, a violent ftorm began at 
this place, and laiied till the next 
morning.. The wind rofe from 
the fottth and fonth'Wefl, and was 
accompanied with thunder, light- 
ning, and. a very deep fnow. Moft 
gf the houfes were untiled, and 
the chimnies were blown down. 
4t the village of Brandeuberg, 
three miles from this place, a (lee^ 

{}le, which was fet on fire by the * 
ight'ning, burnt for hours ; and 
the flanfies were at laft extlnguiflw 
ed by fnow, which was an ell and 
a half deep." 

Letters from Rome, dated the 
27th nit. inform, that his holinefs 
having been informed that the 
margrave of Baden Dourlach hath 
permitted the exercife of the ca« 
tholic religion in his capital, and . 
the conftruAion of a church for 
that purpofc, hath returned th^ 
margrave his thanks for fuch per- 
miflion, and hath fent ibme fupeib 
ornaments and other necc^ary 
things for the church. 

The king of Portugal has-grant^/ 
ed ^ patrxu for fifteen years, lo % 

prrfou 



104] 



ANNUAL REdlSTER 



perfon who is fettled at the bay of beefi an officer of the jiou(hoId t6 

All Sahits, for an excliifive pri- king George the fccond. 

irilege of manufiiduring fail-cloth^ At Baghurft, in the county of 

and cloth 'for package, together Hantsy Mr* Bu Her, a wealthy meal- 

with cordage for (hips ; the mate- man, and one of the people called 

rials of.wiuch are to be iumifhed Quakers. He wasi reckoned the 

from two rpecies of plants, which ftrongeft-fnan In this kingdoin. 

now wild and in great abundance At Hampton, aged near 90. 

m the forcfts about that part of Frederick 'Hermis, efq. who had 

Brazil. . beeii an equerry of hbrfe to their 

They write from Madrid, that the late majefties king Gebrge the 61& 

count dcFnentes, formerly ambaffe- and king George the iecond. 

dor extraordinary from his cathoUc Edward Pawlct of Cecii*ftreet, 

majefty to the court of Great Bri- in thfe St/and,- efq. fellbw"bf the 

tain, ismade prefident of ^Jie coun- royal fociety, aged 85^ - - 

oil of orders, with a penfion of two At his houfe at KaflGreeilwicli, 

two thoufand pifloles. aged 89,- }ofeph Jubb,- efql in^y 

They write from Sweden of the years a* commander m ther* royal 

18th tilt, that a coper mine at Fah- ftavy. - '• ; 

lum had taken fire,^ and had been* Lately at DuHin, aged ipy, Sf&i 

burning for three weeks. The ConhoHy.'^ 4 ' ' * * 

mine ^ing very deep, no perfon N«ar Ehnb, Joan M'Ptmiughi* 

could venture to go down, fo that aged 138 years. * 
the working %£ it was entirely 

topped- • ^ M A-y. • ' . • 

. They write from Copenhagen* ;'•, 

that a very terrible eruptibn of fire A large French" fhip, fiaying^ ^ 

had lately happened at mount met with bad weather, ^utin* * 

Hccla, in Iceland ; that the (hips' to Portfmonth harbour to refit ; and 

decks, feveral miles diftant in the an ofiicet tri the docfc-yird, " two 

road, had been covered with a(hes, mafter *Tcpe-makers, and '* fcverai 

and that the ciFeds of the volcano other perfoi\s, haviae gone on 

fell all over the ifland. • board to offer their affiSance,* were 

There is now living at Newcaftle, all oblig'ed to continue on board 

one James Palmer, who is now in to perron^ quarantine', the ihip 

the 105 th year of his age, by pro- having been found to come from 

fieffion a fiftierman, in which em- an infected place. She has flhce 

ploy men t he regularly attends, and been difcharged, and* the people 

never remembers to have had an releaied. 

hour's illnefs. They write from Paris, thatv 

Died at Ayr, James Donald, late French nobleman, in the neigh- 
merchant in Mauchline, aged 100 bourhood^of that city, having met 
years.' a poor beggar-woman on the road. 

At her houfe at Stanwell,' Mrs. took her home, locked Her np in a 

Whitcomb, a widow lady, aged* private room, bound Tier, ana with 
92. ^ 'his penknife made f^vcral intifi- 

Athis houfe at Han^ton, aged ons in .her body, into whith he 

85, Robert Hyatt, efq. who had poured a balfam, whfdiv be'ikid, 

would 



For the Y,EAR 1768. 



b.^5 



WmU inftAatly cure her wqiukIs. 
Jn this -£tiiatIon he left the poor 
<Teanire, and walked out, till, as 
J^e {aid* the experiment 'Ihouid 
take effiri^. But in the ;nean 
time the woman found means to 
diiengage herfelf, and made her 
iC^pe from the hou'fe by a win- 
<iow. Ofl which the populace 
took the alann, ajtd the experi- 
amt would have proved fatal to 
the tife of the count* had not his 
fdeads dmely interpoied> and de- 
clared he was mad withchemiilry, 
and by that declaration appeafed 
their 'age. The count has £qce 
been ordered to be con^ned for 

Came on to be heard before his 
hoBour the n;ia^r of the rolls, a 
udc wherein the proprietors of 
the celebrated opera of Love in a 
Village were plaintiffs, and a print- 
^1 who had printed and publiHi- 
«d a pirated edition of the faid 
•pcra, was defendant; when his 
^UAoar was pleaicd to make a de- 
cree in favour of the plaintiffs, by 
granting a perpetual injun<!ition, 
ind gbligiog the defendant to ac- 
count with the plaintitfi for the 
profits of the whole number prin- 
trd» pabliflicd, a^id ibid by the de- 
fcttdaat, although the opera was 
not, rill attcx the printing of the pi- 
ntrd edition, entered at Statiouers- 

-J At the rehearfal of the mu- 
£c for the feafl of the fons 
of the dcrgy atSt. Paul's, the col- 
l«^on amounted to 175I. only, 
which is 37L lefs than |atl year. 

The fnow Rodney, with the lafl 
^go of convifts for Maryland, 
having met with ftormy weather 
on the American coaA, was forced 
to bear away for Antigua, When 

Vol., XL 



the poor wretches arrived at that 
ifland, they, were in the moil de- 
plorable condition, full of fores,. al- 
moil (iarved, and covered with ver- 
n^in ; rleven had peri ed for ,w^nt, 
and thofe that rcina'ncd had eaten 
their (hoes, &c. tpfuftainlife; add 
to this, that thcfliip being leaky, 
they had actually lain in water a 
part of the voyage. 

A travelling tiuker, a boy about 
fix, and a girl a^out feven years 
old, were all poifoned, by eating 
bread Topped jn a dripping-pan, 
into which the liquor from a toad, 
thrown into the fire and burnt, had 
iiTued as the meat was roafling at 
a public-houfe at Hough, near 
Rotherham in Yorklhire. The 
children died about lix the fame 
evening, and the tinker about 
nine. 

A very numerous body of feilors 
have for three days palt detain^'d , 
all outward-bound fiaps now ly- 
ing in the river 1 himes; aud ycf- 
terday morning alTemblcd, to the 
amount of many thoulanis, in 
Stepney-fields, where certiin ar- 
ticles relating to an iucrcife of 
wages, and a petition intended to 
be prefented to pariiarrea':, were 
read: after which, a numerous 
party of them paraded to the Royal 
Exchange, and joined in repeated 
huzzas, «S:c. but on rcmonflrances 
from a gentleman thrr** to one of 
their chi'jftains, they we e iiurae- 
diatcly drawn off, and a Joputation 
appointed to attend feme mcrchctnrs, 
alTcmbled at the King*s-armi ux'tra 
in Cornhill, in order that their 
complaints might be taken into 
confideration. 

It was computed that upwards 
of two thonfand failors went yef- 
tcrday to Wimbledon- common. 



io6] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



in order to prcfcnt a petition tt) his 
Majefty, who was then reviewing 
the light horfe. 

Ycfterdiy morning fomc failors 
began to unrie the (hips that were 
got down as far as Black wall Ance 
Saturday, and dragged all- the 
men into their boats, whom they 
carried off with them : They have 
lluclc up bills all along the water 
fide, to inform every body that 
they (hall not work till their wages 
areraifed. 

, Was held the anniverfary 
5 • meeting of the fons of the 
cletgy, at which were prefcnt the 
ford mayor, thearchbiftiopofYork, 
twelve bi(hops> and many pcrfons 
of diftindlion. The colIe6lion at 
St. Paul's amounted to 186I. 14s. 
4d. and at the hall to 544I. 17s. 
3d. which, with the colleAioji at 
the rehearfal, made up the fum 
of 905I. i^s. id. A benefaction 
of ten guineas was afterwards 
paid to the treafurer, to be added 
to the above fum ; but it is remark- 
ably, that ever fince the death of 
Mr. Gideon, who always gave lOoL 
to that charity, the colledion has 
been declining. 

A maid fervant at Paddington 
was accidentally (hot by, a watch- 
gun, which was ufually fet by the 
family, as a defence againft rogues; 
but the girl being but lately come 
to her place, was not fufficicntly 
apprized of the danger, and tread- 
ing upon the wire that was faftencd 
to the trigger, the gun went oiF, 
and killed her on the fpot. 

The prince of Monaco vifited 
Portfmouth, and very attentively 
viewed the dock-yard, and went 
on board all the king's (hips in 
the harbour. He was attended by 
the comroiflioners and military in 
their unifonns, aad had all the ho- 



nonn that coald be paid to a priflce 
who had (hewn fo much kindtie(s 
to our late lamented duke of York. 

The Indian chiefs juft arrived 
at Edinburgh have been feized with 
the fmall pox, one of whom died 
this day. 

A great body of fsdlors aflembied 
at Deptford, forcibly went onboard 
feveral (hips, unreefed their top- 
fails, and vowed no (hips iboold 
fail out of the Thames till the mer- 
chants had confented to raife their 
wages. 

The report of the male^dors 
under fentence , of death was made 
to his Majefty, when James Samp- 
fon, for robbing and {ctting^£re to 
the library of the right hon. Henry 
Seymour Conway, was ordered 
for execution ; the refl were ic- 
fpited. 

Came on at Weftminftcr- ^ 
hall, before all the judges of ' 
the court of King's-bench, a hear- 
ing rcfpcfting the errors of Mr. 
Wilkes's outlawry. The cafe was 
opened by Mr. ferjeant Glyn, in 
favour of Mr. Wilkes, who was 
anfwered by Mr. Thurloc, and a 
reply made by Mr. Glyn; on 
which the judges were pleafed to 
obferve, that both the gentlemen 
had made nfe of very learned ar- 
guments, and quoted many prc^^* 
dents and cafes which had at vari- 
ous times altered their opinions ; 
and as they were delirous of ma- 
turely conlidering the feveral argu- 
ments made ufe of by the two 
learned counfel, their lord(hip» 
thought proper to appoint a fur- 
ther hearing the beginning of next 
term. 

This day the failors aifembled in 
a body in St. George's fields, and 
went to St. James's, with colours 
flying, drums beating, and Uti 

playxnjf 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[107 



pliying, snd prefented a petition to 
m$ Majefly, fetting forth their 
gnerances, and prating relief. 
Mr. Wilkes's addrefs to the gentle- 
men, clergy, and freeholders of 
the county of Middlefex. 

Gentlemen, > 

In fupport of the liberties of 
this country againft the arbitrary 
rale of miniilers, I was before 
coounitted to the Tower, and 
am now fentenced to this prifon. 
Stetdinefs^ with, I hope, flrength 
of mind, do not however leave 
me ; for the fame confolation fol- 
k>vs me here, the confcioufnefs 
of innocence, of having done my 
doty, and exerted all my poor abi- 
lities, not anfuccel'sfully, for this 
nation. I can fubmit even to far 
greater fuffcrings with chearfal- 
ceG, becaafc i fee that my coun- 
trymen reap the happy fruits of 
my labours and perfecutions, by 
tile repeated decifions of our fo- 
Tcrcign courts of juftice in favour of 
liberty. I therefore bear up with' 
fortitude, and even glory that I am 
called to fuffer in this caufe, becaufe 
I contiQue to find the noblefl re- 
vvd, the applaufe of my native 
coan:|T, of this great, free, and 
fpirited people. 

I chiefly regret, gentlemen, 
that thb confinement deprives me 
of the ^onoar of thanking you 
ia perfon according to my pro- 
miie; and at prefent takes from 
me, iii a great degree, the power 
of being uieful to you. The will, 
however, to do every fcrvicc to 
my conilituents remains in its full 
force; and when my fuitcrings 
hive a period, the firft day I re- 
gain my liberty (hall rcftore a 
Ufcof zeal in the cacfe and in- 
tcreftj .of the county of Middle- 
sex. ^ 



In this prifon, in any other, in 
every place, my ruling pafiion will 
be the love of England and our 
free coniHtution. To thofe ob- 
jeds I will make every facrifice*. 
Under all the oppreflicns which" 
miniflerial rage and revenge can 
invent, my fteady purpofe is, to 
concert with you, and other trae 
frien<is of this country, the molt 
probable means of rooting out the 
remains of arbitrary power and 
flar-chamber inquifition, and of 
improving as welt as fecnring the 
generous plans of freedom, which, 
were the boaft of our anceflors» 
and I trull will remain the noblcft 
inheritance of our poflerity, the 
onlv genuine chara^leriflic of Eng- 
liihmen. 

I have the honour to be, wkh af-* 
fe^ion and regard, gentlemen » 
Your obliged and faithful 
humble fervant, 
King*s-bench prifon, 
Thurfday, May 5, J. Wilkes. 
1768. 

A numerous body of water- 1 
menafifembltd before the man- ^ 
AQn-houfe,and laid their complaints 
before the lord-mayor, whoadvifed 
them to appoint proper perfons to 
draw up a petition to parliament, 
which his lordlhip promifed them 
he would prefent ; upon which they 
gave him three huzzas, and went 
quietly home. 

The fame night a large mob of 
another kind aifembled before the 
manfion-houfc, carrying a ^llows 
with a boot hanging to it, and a 
red cap;. but on lome of the ring- 
leaders being fecured by the peace- 
officers, the reft difperfed. 

This day the hatters ftrucK a»4 
refufed to work till their wages arc 
raifed. 

[/£] 2 TLi4 



io8] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Tfih i^y died at his houfe in 
Orchard-ftreet, WeftminftCT, Eon- 
ixel Tliornton, Efq.— All vho have 
tftnceived a lovr and eftcem for 
rte two celebrated authors of the 
"tortnoiflfeor, will be frnlibly af- 
fefted by the lofs of one in whofe 
Company they have fpent Co many 
ig;i*cclibie hours. Thofc who h.ive 
cortvexfed with hitn as a fcbohir, 
^ho have kdmired his fine taflc 
and found judgment, whom his 
ivit and humour have delighted, 
who have been happy with him in 
the focial hours, jnuft feel a bitter 
pang ; but what mnft they feel whofe 
tnott intimate connexion IheWed 
thtfm a noble benevolence of mind, 
i generous warmth of heart, an cx- 

Suifitc fenlibility, and how much 
e trfed to feel when he had Idft a 
friend ! 

Letters from Copenhagen, dated 
the 9ch uft. fay, " A few days was 
cxpofed to pubKc view the maufo- 
Icam of the Jate King Chriflian VI. 
This monument, executed in the 
antique tallc by the Sieur Wicde- 
welt, is made of white Italian mar- 
ble, and ornamented with fcvcral 
figures in relie\'o, alfo with two 
llatues as large as lifr, one of 
which reprefenfc Denmark in tears, 
and the other Fame publifhing the 
Ijlory oft he monarch. The inlcrJp- 
titfrt of the iliaufoleum is : chris- 

TIANVS VI, REX lOAN. KORW. 
&C. PIETATE IN DEVM. BEN'E- 
FACTIS IN POPVLVM, CON5TAN- 
TIA IN FOBDERtfiVS, SEVERl- 
TATE I^ SOLVM SElPSVM, SEM- 
PER ET VBIQJJE SAE'CVLI DB- 
CV«.** 

^ Thif day the new parlia- 
'® mmt met ; and his Majcfly's 
commifCon, impowering Thomas 
archbifhop of Canterbury, Charges 
lo^ Cusden, chancellor of Great" 



Britain, Charles carl of Gotiref* 
prciidcnt of his Majefty's coQnci1» 
and feveral lords therein lamtcig 
to open and hold the faid parfia* 
ment, was read in the prefcncc of 
both houfes. And the commons 
were direded to chufe their fpeak- 
er, and to prefent him to-morrow at 
twelve o'clock at noon, to the 
lords commiffioners. 

This 'day in the forenoon, a great 
body of people aflembled about the 
King's bench prifon, in cXpefta* 
tion, as it is faid, that Mr. Wilkes 
W^s to go from thence to the par- 
Hament-houfe, and dcfigning tc^ 
convey him thither. They de- 
manded him at the prifon, and 
grew very tumultuous ; whereupon 
nie riot-ad was begun tO be read, 
but they threw ftones and brick- 
bats, while it was reading, when 
William Allen, fon of Mr. Allen, 
m after of the Horfe-fhoc inn and 
livery ftables in Blackroan-ftrcet, 
Southwark, being Angled out, was 
purfued by one of the foldiers, and 
(hot dead on the fpot. Soon after 
this, the crowd increafing, an addi- 
tional number of the guards was fcnt 
for, who marched thichef, and alfo 
a party of horfe-grcnadiers; when, 
the riot continuine, the mob wcrt 
fired upon by the (oldi^rs, atid five 
or fix were killed on the fpot, and 
about fifteen wounded. Two wo- 
men were among tht wounded i 
one of whom iince died in St.Tho* 
mas's hofpiral. 

A large body of fawyers affem- ^ 
bled, and pulled dowti the faw mill 
lately ereded by Mr. Dingily, at 
Limehoufe, on pretence that it 
deprived many workmen of em- 
ployment. 

The coal-heavers aflhnbled «- 
gain this day, and rendezVonfed 
10 Stepney-fieldsj where their ninn« 

bera 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[109 



bcrs confiderably increatcd ; apd 
then they repaired, with a fla^ fly- 
ing, dpums beating, ani i^ovio- 
Jixii play lag before them, co Palace- 
yarci, where th 'y were met bv Sir 
John Fielding, whc pcrfuaucj 
them to par: \vi:h uiclr flag, to 
filcuce their drum?, and to dif- 
chirgc their hd!e;s; and then 
talking with rheir headers, prevail- 
ed upoa iiicvn t ^ meet ferae of their 
ai'^ers at . is oiHce in the after- 
oooD, and accoumodate their dif- 
ferences. 

The drying-pan, wluch weighed 
Btzr i6oolb. weight, belonging to 
Ewfl! powJer-Uiuls. was, by an ex- 
pl'fion, carried upwards of loo 
J^dj from the mills ; the boughs 
arid branches of Li»-ge trees, a mile 
didanr from the mills, were torn ofl^, 
fo that fome trees were left mere 
^nks ; the d-image fuftained is 
coaputcd at upwards of 8cool. 
'4iih This day the two houfes 
met again; and the com- 
Bioiu, having re-chofe Sir John 
Cttil, for their fpeaker, prefented 
fciffl to the lords commiilioncrs 
for their approbation, who were 
pleafed in hi^ roajefty's name to ap- 
prove their choice; after which the 
lord chancellor opened the feflion 
with a fpeech, whi(;h, together 
*|th the addrefl^es, Qur readers 
*in fee in the (late papers. 

The bill for an augmentation of 
il»« army in Ireland, was reje^led 
^ the houfe of commons in that 
kiaedom. ^ , 

Upon the report of the committee 
©f enqairy into the application of 
ifcc money granted for tnc payment 
*f the army, it appeared, that 17 
fcjiment* arc now kept upon the 
Inih eftabli(hmcnt more tnan in 
1700 ; though the number of cflFec- 
tin men at each period are exa£tly 



the fame. It is fald that feveral 
millrary ofHcers vofd againft th^ 
intcr.ded aiigmentaticn. 

Mr. Gallon, a mailer butcher in 
Ormond-market, was moft barba- 
roufly murdered by a fct of villains 
in Smock-alley, Dublin ; Mr. 
Prefton, another butcher in the 
fame market, was ftabbed and moft 
dreadfully wounded by the famf 
aflafllns. In confequence of thefe 
murders, the jpopulace aflembled, 
and committed the moil violent 
outrages ever known in that king- 
dom ; infomu^h that the infurrec- 
tion, which at firft feemed to threa- 
ten deftru^ion to the murderers 
and their abettors, became formid- 
able to the whole city. 

This morning James Sampfon 
was executed at Tybarn, purfuant 
to his fentence, for robbing the 
library of the right honourably 
Henry Seymour Conway, of 
bank notes to the value of 900I. 
and afterwards fetting it on ^e, 
by piling up a number of papers 
round a lighted candle, which he 
placed on a table near the chim- 
ney. 

An inqulfition was taken by the 
coroner for Surrey, on the body of 
William Allen, who was (hot near 
St. George's fields by a party of the 
foot-guards ; lyhen the vcrdidl wa$ 
given by the jury, that Donald Mag- 
lane was guilty of wilful murder,an4 
Donald Maclaury, and Alexander 
Murray, the commanding officer* 
were aiding and abetting therein. 

The above inqueft was held at 
the houfe of Mr. Allen ; and it 
appeared ob the examination, that 
the deceafed was only a fpedator, 
and, on feeing fome. perlons run» 
he ran alfo, but was unhappily 
miflakeo^ and followed by the fol- 
diers 500 yards into a cow-houfe, 

[^3 where 



no] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



where he was (hot. Donald Mac- 
lane was committed to prifon for 
the above murder, but his afibciates 
were admitted to bail. 

A proclamation was xiTued, by 
order of the council, for fuppref- 
iing riots, tumults, and unlawful 
aflemblies. 

The following warrant is iflued 
by the coroner for the apprehenfion 
of Alexander Murray, eiq. one of 
the commanding officers of the fol- 
diers poded ^t the King's-bench, 
during the late riots : 

StJRRFY 1^^ '^^ conftables of 
. ' >the pariih of St. 

O wit. ( »* XT • * 

3 Mary Newington, 
in the faid county ; 
and to all officers of 
peace whom it fhall 
or m;iy concern. 
WHEREAS Alexander Mur- 
ray, efq, of the third regiment of 
foot guards, (lands accuied before 
toe, upon an inqui(ition this day 
taken at the parifh of St. Mary 
Newington, in the faid county, 
with the wilful murder of William 
Allen the younger : 

Thefe are therefore, in his Ma- 
jefty's name, to apprehend and' 
bring before me, or fome of his 
Ma jetty's julliccs of the peace for 
the faid county, the body of the 
faid Alexander Murray, to anfwer 
the premifes, and be further dealt 
with according to law ; and for fo 
doing, this (ball be your fufficient 
warrant. 

C'lvcn under my hand and feal 

this nth dav of May, in the 

year of our lord 1768. 

HENRY ACTON, coroner. 

One of the foldiers on Tuefday 

before the King's -bench cried out, 

•• We are all ready to fire on our 

rnemita the French and Spaniards, 



but never will on our own coun- 
trymen." 

Latt night the mob alTembled 
again before the Man(ion-houfe, 
broke a great number of the win* 
dows, and did other mifchicf ; a 
(brong party of the guards was then 
fent for, and potted in, and aboat 
the Manfion-houfe to protcA it 
from further infult. 
The following is a copy of a let- 
ter diredled to John Durand, 
efq. and the fame to Anthony 
Bacon, efq. figned by 34 of the 
cleAors of Aylelbury. 

SIR, 
Fully perfaadcd that the clemen- 
cy of the beft of princes will , if uc- 
ceflary, be at length exerted in 
favour of Mr. Wilkes, we hope, 
that, (hould an attempt be made to 
deprive him of his (cat in parlia* 
ment, you will, from \oar con- 
nexion with us, who are fmccre in 
our friendttiip for him, prefer le- 
nity, and, from regard to the 
public, juttice to his conttituents, 
before rigour and feverity, and ufe 
your utmoft endeavours to prevent 
tiie'fuccefs of fuch a roeafure, 
Aylcfl)ury, We are, SIR, 

April 30, Your moft 

1768. humble fervants. 

Sec. 8cc. $ec> 
The mob a(rembled before the 
hdufe of Edward Ruttell, efq. dif- 
tiller in the Borough, broke open 
the door, (laved fome caHcs of li- 
quor, drank immoderately, and 
began pulling dowq the houfe; 
but the military interpo/ing, four 
of the drankett of them were feiz- 
ed, and the reft made their ef- 
cape. At the fame time the front 
ofthe houfe of Richard Capel, efa. 
in Bermondfey, was demoliihed, 
and Mr. Capd himfelf wounded. 

The 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[Ill 



Tke aftjvity of thcfc two gcntlc- 
nen, beii)g magiilrates» in fup- 
prdEng the tumults, occadoned 
tiiefe outrages. 

The coal-heavers rcndezvoufed 
tgaio in Stepney-fields, and pro- 
ceeded from thence to all the coal 
wharfs from Shadwell to EiTex- 
lain, carryine with them a writ- 
ing, which they prefented to the 
mailers of the wharfs to fign, fig- 
Bifying their confent to raife their 
wages ; which having accomplifli- 
ed. they next day waited an the 
brd-mayor at the Manfion-houfe, 
to obuin a confirmation of this 
agreement ; but his lordfhip very 
pradently declined intermeadling 
wick their affairs. 

A great body of failors paflfed 
through the city (fome fay jooo, 
(boc 15000), to petition the par- 
nimcnt for kn augmentation of 
their wages. When they were in 
•Palace- yard, they were addrefTed 
by two gentlemen, mounted on the 
roof of a hackney-coach, and were 
told, that they could receive no im- 
nediate anfwer to their petition ; 
hot that it would be confidered 
ia doc time, on which (hey gave 
tkrec cheers, and difperfed. Tkeir 
ckiefs have iince waited upon 
I committee of merchants, and 
matters feem to be accommo- 
dated.. 

On Tuefday night their Majef- 
ties came unexpectedly from Rich- 
nood to the queen's palace, where 
'I»ey continued yefterday, and lay 
tJjerc laft night. 

Vefterday there was a levee at 
St James's, and afterwards a privy- 
coancil, at which all the great ofR- 
CMof ilate afiiiled, faid to be on 
•ccoimt of the prefent riots and dif- 
tBibances, uhich did not break up 
(iil paA four o'clock. 



The following very extraordina- 
ry letter is faid to have been re- 
ceived by the fieild officer of the foot 
guards in waiting this day. 
ORDERS. 

PAROLE is Wandfworth. 
-—Office, May ii, 1768. 
SIR, 

Having this day had the honour 
of mentioning to the — the be- 
haviour of the detachments from 
the feveral battalions of foot 
guards, which have been lately 
employed in affifting the civil ma- 
giftrates, and preferving the pub- 
lic peace, I have great pleafure in 
informing you, that his high- 
ly approves of the condud of both 
the officers and men, and means 
that his — — approbation fhould 
be communicated to them through 
you. Employing the troops on 
fo difagreeable a fervice always 
gives me pain ; but the circum- 
flancc of the times makes it necef- 
fary. I am perfuaded they fee 
that neccffity, and will continue, 
as they have done, to perform their 
duty with alacrity. I beg you 
will be pleafed to affure them, 
that every poffible regard will be 
fhewn to them ; their 2eal and 

food behaviour upon this occa- 
on deferve it ; and in cafe any 
difagreeable circumftance (hould 
happen in the execution of their 
duty, they (hall have every de- 
fence atid proteftion that, the law 
can authorize, and this office can 
give. 

1 have the honour to be, fir. 
Your moft obedient, 
and moil humble fervant, 

B . 

To the field officer in HafF wait- 
ing for the three regiments of 
foot guards. 
[H] 4. Officers 



112] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



officers for guard on Saturday 



next. 



Lieutenant colonel Groyn, 8cc. 
Sec, ^ 

,' This morning di-d much 

^ * hmcntcd. after a lont; and 
painful illnefs, that moft air.iablc 
princers her royal highnefs Louifa 
A'lne, daughter of her royal high- 
nefs the princefs dowager of Wales, 
and fpcond filler to Ms prefent 
"Majefty. Her royal highnefs was 
bor*^ Mutch 29, 1743-9. On this 
occnfion, plays and public diverfions 
wre forbidden ; and orders for a 
general mourning, for fix weeks, 
wcr<^ iiTu' d Trom the lord chamber- 
lain's office. 

Two inquifitions were taken in 
the Borough, on perfons killed by 
the foldicrs dn quelling the riot in 
St. GeorffeVficlds on Tu^^fday ; 
one on the body of Ma y Jeffs, 
who, hiving a bafket with oranges 
to fell, was (hot dead in rernoving 
th'-m ; the o^her on William 
Brl^C^^'Tian, who was fhot on the 
too o.' a hay-cait, as he was look- 
ii.g at 'he fray at a dldaacc: on 
both thcfi! inqulfitionij the jury 
brong;ht in their verdidl c/^ance 
medhy It appeared by the evi- 
dence, that on the juftices taking 
dovrn a paper that had been fixed 
a^-dlnfl a wall of the ijrifon, the 
IT' h gr'^w notoas, ani \ix\Q<k out, 
** Give u3 the paper ;'* which the 
juftices not regarding, (loaeJ began 
to be thrown; and the cry, '* Give 
us the paper," grew louder ; the 
drums b'^at to arms ; the procla- 
mation was read; the juftices were 
peltfcd who read it ; great • pains 
were taken to perfuade the people 
to di'perie; the hbH>-guards were 
fent for, a ad it vvas not till the lafl 
extremity that the foldiers receiv- 
ed orders to lire. But what Wfts 



remarkable, not' one conotfntdd in 
the riot was hurt by the 4nng» in 
the open Qelds. 

When the prifoners concerned 
in the murder of Mr. Allen werie^ 
going to the neSv gaol on Wcd- 
ncfday night, it was with the 
grcatell difficulty imaginable the 
populace were prevented from tear- 
ing them to pieces, rowing, with 
great' vehemence, that tliey woald 
immediately hang them out of the 
way, and not wait for any point of 
evafion or deceit whatever. 

Monday his royal highnefs the 
duke of Gloucefter fent a fet of 
fine (hte horfes to his fcrene high- 
nefs the prince of Monato, to 
carry him and his fervants to fee 
the review at WimbMon. After 
the review was over, his hightjeft 
dined with feveral of the nobility, 
and other perfons of diftinc^ion, at 
the feat of the honourable Hprace 
Walpolc at Strawberry-hill, in 
Middlefex. 

As a pilot boat belong- 1^ 
ing to North' Yarmouth, ^ 
which brought up m'ackercl to the 
London market, was returning 
home, it was met by captain 
Flyrfh, of the Pelegrin, in Black- 
wall reach, Wh*? was going in a 
pair of oars to Gravefcnd, ift or- 
der to proceed to his flirp in Stan- 
gate-creek ; but, finding there 
was too much wind and fea for his 
wherry, having eight people in 
her, he agreed with rhe pilot boat 
to carry him and his company to 
. Gravefend ; t)ut he was not on board 
much more than half an hour,, 
before the boat, through the obfli- 
nacy of the boat's crew, overfct ia 
Bugfby-hole, between Blackwall 
and Woolwich, by which feven 
people were drowned, viz. captain 
James Markham, of Lower Queen* 

ftrcet. 



For. the YEAR 1768. 



[>i3 



ftrect, Rotli^rhithe ; and fix others. 

"Capt* Flynn was favcd. 

^. The two foldiers, charged 

with the murder of Allen, 

the youth that was fhot in St. 

Gcorge*s-ficlds, were brought by 

Habeas to the king '5 bench to be 

bailM; when the perfon who a<flu- 

ally (hot tjie iad was remanded 

back to prifon ; the other admitted 

td bill. Alexander Murray, efq; 

the officer charged by the coroner's 

iDqaefl, was likewife bailed. 

The glafs-grJndcrs aiTembled in 
t body to petition parliament for 
an augmentation of their wages. • 
The journeymen taylors afirm- 
bfed for the fame purpofe. 

A nomber of fellows, pretending 
to be coaUhcavcrs, extorted money 
from gentlemen in the neighbour- 
hood of London, under pretence of 
being in a flarving condition for 
iunt of employment, ^ 

A mod audacioos, treafonable 
paper was ftuck upon the wall of 
St. James's palace ; and at night a 
lette; was found on the back lUirs 
to tiie (ame purport. 



1 8th. 



A caufe came on to be 



tried before lord Mans6/>ldi 
at Guildhall; wherein the proprie- 
tors of the Watford coach were de- 
fcodanu: The adion was brought 
againft them to recover the fum of 
90I. which the plaintiff* had f^nt by 
the coach in O^obcr lall from Wat- 
ford to LoB^don, packed up in a 
faall box; but it appearing, on the 
rumination of the phintifF's e vi- 
olence, that when the box was de- 
livered in charge, it was not faid to 
contain cafht the plaintiff was non< 
failed. 

VcAerday morning a number of 
>Ri\cd tenders and government cut- 
iwi came up the river, and lay off 
Dcptford, to be in rcfdiacfs to quell 



any difturbances ; tut none have 
happened. 

The fame day feveral inflanuna- 
tory papers were fluck . up about 
Wellmiiiiler- bridge, and other 
parts, for which a perfoh is now in 
cuflody of a meflenger. 

A iii e broke out in a tar- ^. 
yard, at Dock-head, by the ^ 
tar-copper boiling over, by which 
upwards of 2000 barrels were con- 
fumed, and near 30 houfes burtu to 
the ground. 

The general affembly of the 
chnrch. of Scotland met at Edis* 
burgh, when his Majefty^s high- 
corn miflioner, the carl of Glafgow, 
made a very grand appearance. 
The rev. Dr. Gilbert Hamilton, 
minifter of Crammony was chofen 
moderator. 

The Sherborne waggon was Hop- 
ped by the populace, and about a 
ihoufand weight of butter taken 
away, defigned for London. * 

The feflions erid?d at the n 

Old Baihy. At this feflions 
four convi6ls received judgment of 
death* twenty-five were ordered to 
be tranfported for feven years, and 
one for fourteen years ; one to be 
publicly whipped ; and feventeca 
were ditch xrged by proclamation. 

Mary H/ud^s was convifted of 
the wilful frturdcr of the child of 
Jofeph Smith (a fervant of the right 
hon. the countefsof Thanet), a fine 
boy, abou t a year and a half old ; (he» 
by being an intimate acquaintance 
of its parents, ufed foraetimes to 
take him out with her, and the laft 
time moil unaccountably^ without 
any caufe of refentment to the pa- 
rents or child, otherwife than that 
ihe could never make it be fond of 
her, threw it into a canal or bafon 
of water in Hyde-park. Immedi- 
ately after the txm, Mr. Recorder 

~ pai£ed 



n4] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



paiTed fentence for her execution as 
this mornii^ ; but on her prayer 
to be indulged a fhort time, for her 
better preparation, the court were 
pleafed to refpite the fame till the 
14th of June. This unhappy wo- 
man was tried about ^ years and a 
half fince, for a crime of the like 
fort ; but it appeared the child by 
accident fprung from her arms into 
the water, and was loft. 

The lords, authorized by his Ma- 
jelly's commifiion, gave the royal 
aflent to an a£l for further continu- 
ing the laws now in force, relating 
to the exportation and importation 
of com, sic. till after the next feflion 
of parliament. By this ad, wheat, 
wheat-flour, barley, barley-meal, 
afad pulfe, may be imnorted, duty 
free, from any part of Europe. 

At Tenterden, in Kent, a paper 
was pafted on the church-door, 
threatening the farmers, if they re- 
fnfed to fell their wheat at lol. a 
load, and the millers if they gave 
ffljore ; and exciting all the poor to 
aflemble and raife a mob, with 
threats that thofe who refufed ih«uld 
have their right arms broke. They 
appointed for meeting the 30th 
initant. 

At Haftings, in Suflex, the mob 
have already rifen, and committed 
outrages npon the farmers in that 
nelghbourhoodt and have threaten- 
ed the life of a juftice there, who 
attempted to commit the ringleader 
to gaol. 

• Laft night, about ten 

o'clock, the corpfe of her 
late royal highncfs the princefs 
Louifa-Anne, after lying in Hate 
that day in the prince's chamber, 
was privately interred in the royal 
vault in King Henry the Seventh's 
cbapjl. 

The proceillon began between 



nine and ten from the prince's 
chamber to the abbey, where the 
body was received by the dean, who 
performed the funeral fe/vice; her 
grace the duchefs of Man<'befter 
was chief mourner, and the pall was 
fupportrd by lady Scarborough, 
lady Boilon, lady Mafham, and lady 
Litchfield. 

The minute guns at the Tower 
began firing about nine at ni^ht ; 
and St. Paul's bell, and tho^ of 
mod of the churches in London and 
Weftminfter tollrd every minute, 
and continued till her royal high- 
nefs's body was interred. 

A terrible fray happened • 

betweenthe coal-heavers and ^ 
the Tailors belonging to the colliers 
in the river, in which many were 
killed. The failors, having been 
long detained in the river by the 
coal-heavers refufmg to work, had 
begun to deliver their (hips them- 
felves ; upon which a body of coal- 
hevcrs fell upon fome of the failors 
by furprize, and killed two or three. 
The failors took the alarm, the 
quarrel became general, and the 
confequence is the lofs of many lives 
already, thongh dill undetermined. 

They write from Newcaftle that 
on Sunday afternoon the i^th inft. 
a little after fonr o'clock, two (light 
(hocks of an earthquake, at about 
half a minute's diftance of time 
from each other, were fen(ibly felt 
in that town : and we have ac- 
counts of their being felt, at the 
fan^e time, in different parts of the 
country, particularly Tat Kendal, 
where they had one ihock which 
lafted near two feconds, and hap- 
pened during the time of divine 
lervice, which greatly terrified the 
people in church ; and immediately 
prior to its being felt there, a rnm- 
Dling.noii'e was heard, like that of a 

heavy 



For the YEAR 1^68. 



["5 



Jjctvy carriage paffing over a rough 
pvement; its direction Teemed to 
DC from caft to weft, and the river 
was very much agitated. At Mid- 
dleton, near Manchefter, it was alfo 
feit at the fame time, where the 
walls which fur rounded a field ad- 
joining to the place were obferved 
very fenfibly to move, from whence 
it Teemed to paTs in a dire^ line 
acroTs the ftreet, and through a 
booTe, wherein the chairs, drefler, 
pewter, and other furniture, were 
|reatly (hook, and the flags of the 
floor obferved to heave. 

Prom Darlington we have alfo 
an account of a fight (hock being 
felt there at the fame time. 

This morning a courier arrived 
exprefs from the court of Brunfwick 
at Carlion-houfe, and afterwards 
went toRichmond to their Majefties, 
who brought the agreeable news of 
her royal highnefs the princefs of 
Brunfwick being fafely delivered of 
another daughter; on hearing of 
which, her royal highnefs the prin- 
cefs dowager of Wales (who was at 
Kcw) came to town to Carlton- 
houTe, for the firfl time fincc the 
death of her late royal highnefs 
princefs Louifa Anne. , 

27i1l ^" Majefly came from 
Richmond to St. James's, 
where there was a levee, and after- 
wards a privy-council, when the 
tight hon. Thomas Harley, lord- 
oaror of London, was fworn a 
nember, and took his place at the 
Ijoard accordingly. 

Monday upwards of 20,000 fmall 
»nw were lodged in the Tower, 
P^ belonging to the Kaft-lndia 
coofMiny, depofited there for better 
fccurity. 

his faid, that the work of every 
jotttneyman gunfmith, out of the 
Tower done or undone, is called in. 



for fear it fhoold fall into defperate 
hands. 

The right hon. the lord- , • 
mayor went to one ^of the ^ 
fecretafies of flate, and acquainted 
him with the unhappy fituation of 
the mafters of colliers, deputy coal- 
meters, kc. upon which he wrote 
to juftice Pell and juflice Hadfon. 
Sec. informing them, that, if any 
diflurbance fhould happen on ac- 
count of working the coal-fhips bf 
the failors, they might fend to the 
Tower, and the guards fhould im- 
mediately march to their proteflion. 
Yeflerday feveral of the coal-mctcn, 
&c. acquainted his lordfhip, that 
the work was at prefent carried on 
without any obftruflion ; but a 
number of failors boarded the out- 
ward-bound fhips at Deptford, and 
unrigged them to prevent their Tail- 
ing, the mafters and owners not 
having complied with their de« 
mands. 

A confirmation is received of the 
blowing up the Defiance, an Eaft- 
India fhip ; and that the accident 
happenea on the 27th of December 
lail, in her pafFage from Bombay to 
BafTora, by the carelefihefs of the 
gunner's fteward, in drawing fome 
arrack: fhe had above three hundred 
men on board, including feamen* 
all blacks, except fome European 
officers and ferjeants ; and only 
thirty-five men were faved. 

It appears by the cuftom-houfc 
books, that upwards of one million 
fieri ing hath been paid for corn en- 
tered at the port of London,, in the 
year 1767. 

Florence, April 30. The great 
duke, who fet out a few days ago, to 
meet his fifter, the queen of Naples, 
at Bologna, arrived here at two 
o'clock in the morning. 

The great dnchcfs, attended by 
4 her 



Ii6] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



her great miftrefs, and the ladies of 
honour, went to receive JierMajeily 
at the head of the ilairs, and con- 
dacledher toihe apartment ddlined 
for her, the antichambers of which 
were filled with the nobility of both 
foxes ; nobody was adiuitted the 
next morning^ but they dined at a 
table of about thirty people, and 
in th: evening went to the theatre, 
which wa5 illuminated on this oc- 
caSon. Ycllerdav mornin^t the 
qoeen gave audience to the foreign 
minifters and the gentlemen of the 
country : the table, as the day be- 
fore, was very numerous. Lord 
Stormont, lord Cowper, and Sir 
Horace Mann, had the hAiour to 
dine there; and, bcfides the other 
foreign miniUcrs who refide-at Flo- 
rence, there wer^ count D'Aquillar, 
the Spanilh amhaflador, and the 
duke de St. Elizalx^th, the Neapo- 
litan ambafTador at the court of V'i- 
enna. In the afternoon, there was a 
horfe race through the principal 
ilreets, and in the evening a great 
drawing room i«i loo quecn^s apart- 
ment, before u 'ijch llic admitted all 
the ladies of ihc country to kifs her 
hand. T;:> cvinin^i count Rofcn- 
bfrp[ cnterL-.iiiS tl\e court at his 
coi'Lcr/ I'Ourc, where, oa their ar- 
t\ •'al, a 'i t'-,vcrk is to be played cfT, 
after w .\J\ a cantitain uv:'\q i.- to 
b^ pc.-fo:T.icd in tiie ^::k!c:ks from 
whc'.cj I'u y w i! p^oc^/rd to a b.ili, 
wl.ich ii to be fci"to^\ cd by a fupper 
for a vtry numerous company; and 
on Sunday evening there will be a 
jMic ball, in m ifk, in the great 
li.^.li of the old palace, which is one 
Ci the largrll in Europe. On Mon- 
day there will he audience of leave $ 
and onTuefday morning the qucenj 
with the great duke and duchefs, 
will fet out towards Naples. 
Florence, May 7. Every thing 



f 

Ji: 



has pafTed here according to thtf 
plan fixed for the reception and 
amufement of the queen of Naples 
during her ftdy here, and though 
the weather difconccrted, in feme 
points, the entertainment M'hicH 
count Rofcnbcrg had prepared at 
his villa, it fucc ceded oeyond ex- 
peftation. 

The day before the queen kft 
Florence, a great number of very 
rich prefents were diftributed, lo 
the names of both the emperor 
and emprefj, to the principal of- 
ficers of the great duke's court, 
confifting of fnufF-boxes, watches, 
and other prefents, in proportion 
to the rank of each perfon ; the 
fnuff-box, with the emperor's pic- 
ture adorned with diamonds, given 
to count Rofenberg, is fa id to be 
w orth 2000 zeckius ; the quccii's 
own pidure given to the duke of 
St. Elizabeth, was larp^e, and very 
richly adorned with diamonds* An 
excufe was made to coant D'Aquil- 
lar, the Spanifh ambafTador, that 
her Majefty had nothing worthy 
of him. Befidcs the above-men- 
tioned prefents, 1000 zeckins arc to 
be diftributed among the lower of- 
ficers of the houliiold, and the livery 
fcrvants. 

[London Gazette* 

They write from Verona, that on 
the 1 3th ult. at eight o^clock in the 
morning, the gunpow Jer-mag»vzine 
at tlie town of Crema, in which 
were 2C0 barrels full of powder, 
and a great quantity of faltpctre, 
look fire. The fun was darkened 
by the fmoke which arofe. All the 
windows were broken, and every 
perfon fled terrified from the town, 
which would have been entirely 
dcllroyed, if the flames had" com- 
municated to the little tower, where 
iQco barrels more were depofued. 

The 



I 



For the YEAl^ 1768. 



bil 



The fire was happily extinguifhed 
at ten o*clock at nij^ht. Ten pcr- 
ibos were found dead at the market- 
phce, many more were wounded, 
twclrc wtfe grievoufly burnt^ and 
mffck cattk pcrifhed in the waters, 
into which they ran with irrefilHble 
precipitation. A man on horfeback 
paffing by the maga^ini, was blown 
op into the air, and.could not after- 
wards be found. His horfc only 
was difcovercd dead 200 paces from 
the magazine. 

Letters froin Naples aflure, that 
Ae extraordinary expences occa- 
fioncd by his Sicilian majclly's 
mirriage, through a tVCily pr.terual 
tcndemcfs for the people, will not 
be levied upon the ftate, bat de- 
frayed out of the favings of the 
fparc^ cheft. 

Ai Laval, in t'rance, on the 8th 
m5. the weather being warm and 
aim, and the fiight dark, a lumi- 
002! ftar appeared to the north- weft 
of that town, with a long tail fome- 
*"Iiat crooked, which terminated to- 
wards the north. Next morning, 
at fix o'clock, the fun 'breaking 
tbro' the clouds, Ihone out as hot as 
in the dog-days. At eight it began 
tolmhtcn, and frofn 11 minates to 
io, tnt fky appeared of a fca-t^rcvu 
colotfT, and fo dark that one could 
fcntefce t6 read. The thunder 
WM loud and dreadful ; and there 
fell fo gi'e^ a quantity of hail, and 
of fo hf^t a fize, that it did infinite 
damage to the fruits of the earth, 
ttd even deftroycd trees and killed 
cattle. In feme places the hail was 
fcond thre« or four feet deep, 24 
Wn after it fell ; and many of the 
Wl-ftonei were nearly as large as a 

. ** egg. The damage done by 
tkif ftorro is almoll incredible : fe- 
wral milli were cariied away by the 
^cncc of the floods, the gardens 



are totally def!rdyc3, and when the 
hhil hielted, it carried off even the 
fur face (5f the ground, and Tefc fuch 
a fmellas even the very beallsthem- 
felves could not^bear. In fhort, no- 
thing like it ever happened before 
in thl«? part of the world. 

A fire broke out at Lan- * 
fperg in Germany, which in -^ * 
three hours burnt down 255 houfes. 

An odd wedding was celebrated 
jaft week in a village in Berkfhire : 
the bridegroom was 85 years of 
age, the bride 83, the father 9I9 
and the two women who officiated 
as bride-maids each above 70 ; nei- 
ther of thefe women had been evei: 
married, though both of them had 
been mothers. Six grand-daugh- 
ters of the bridegroom llrewed flow- 
ers before the company in their way 
to and from churc^i, and after din- 
ner four grandfons of the bride lung 
a kind of epithalamium, which the 
clerk of the parifli had written oa 
the cccafion. 

They write from Dublin, that 
there is now living near Crumlin, 
one John Ryuer, a Palatine, aged 
about 120; he ferved under the 
du'vc of VVirtcmberg, when Vienna 
uas beileged by the Turks in 16830 
and ictains all his fenfes, Bene- 
faciiciii arccolle^ed in that city for 
hi->fapport. 

Died.] ThurfJay, at,his houfeiit 
Jermyn-llrect', count Delinlky, a 
roliHi gentleman. 

In Old-Jlreet, in the io6th year 
of his age, Solomon Humphries, 
formerly a gardener, but having 
been blind upwards of ten years, 
was fupported by the benc>'olcncc 
of the public. 

In Ireland, a few days ago, near 
Drumcondra, ElUier Duggan, aged 
119. 

At his hoafe near Riegate, Mr. 

Jamc^ 



xiSl 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



James Cranej a wealth/ farmer and 
grazier, who had left an reflate to his 
brother, faid to be worth near 700I. 
a year« befides a large fum in the 
ftocks.. The brother has worked 
feveral years about town as a pavi- 
oar's labourer. 

At her lodgings atHampflead,in 
the gid year of her age, Mrs. Eli- 
zabeth Whitehead, a maiden lady. 

At Nether Shuckburgh, in War- 
wickihire, Elizabeth Wilcocks, an 
4)ld maid ; who for many years paftr 
had almod denied herfelf the com- 
mon neCeflaries of life, fo as to eat 
nothing but horfe-bcans, or a few 
curlings, no drink, and Ind hardly 
any clothes or (heets to He in, al- 
though there have been fince found 
in the houfe 12 pair of iheets, with 
a large quantity of other linen. In 
a pickle-pot, in the clock-cafe, were 
found 80I. in gold, and 5I. in fjvcr ; 
and in a hole under the fiairs, a tea- 
caniiler full of gold ; in an old rat- 
trap a quantity of gold and filver ; 
and in feveral other places were 
found fecretly hid large quantities 
of gold, filver, and halfpence, to a 
very great amount. This miferable 
wretch was poflefTed ofajarge eftate 
in houfes and land, and has left all 
to a very dillant relation. 

At Brufiels, Col. Macnamara, a 
native of Ireland, aged 102. 

On Tuefday, in Long-^cre, one 
Mr. Philip M'Guire, aged 105. 

Saturday, aeed 95* at his houfe 
at CamberwelT, Robert Blackfhaw, 
cfq. 

The 15th inft. at Kilraick, near 
Nairn, in the 83d year of his age. 
Dr. John Rofe, formerly of Dcrry 
and of Dublin. 

At the village of Chickley, in 
Berkihire, one Elizabeth Stoncham, 
a poor woman, in the 1 1 3th year of 
her age. 



JUNE. 

Came on before the right -i 
hon. lord Manificid, at Guild- 
hall, London, a caufe wherein a 
young lady was plaintiff, and the 
proprietors of the Worcefter (lagc- 
coach defendants, for the recovery 
of a trunk, containing goods to tbc 
value of 25 1. loft two years ago 00 1 
of the faid coach ; when a verdift 
was given for the plaintiff, with 
whole da mages and cofts of fuit. 

Near 20operfonsairembled, with 
clubs and other ofTenfivc weapons, 
at Bofton, in Lincolnihire, and in- 
filled that butchers' meat fhould be 
fold at threepence a pound, which* 
for the fake of peace, was complied 
with, and they all difpcrfed quietly. 

Ncw-York, April 18. Mr. Da- 
Biel Jaqueri, who left Montreal the 
25th of laH month, informs us, that 
eniign Schlofher, who, it was fup- 
pofed, had murdered his fervant, 
was himfelf, with his fervant, killed 
by a Panife Indian (lave (whofc dog 
Mr. Schlolher had (hot fomc time 
before), who confeffed the horrid 
deed, and difcovcred the place 
where he had hid Mr. Schloiher's 
body, which was taken up, carried 
to Montreal, and there interred near 
lieutenant de Meflral, who died 
fuddenly a few days before. 

'Letters from Bagdad, dated the 
i5Ch of January, advife, chat the 
Englifh fquadron, which has beea 
two years in the Tigris, in order to 
oblige the Arabian icheick Soliman 
to make reftitution of the value of 
two rich Englifh (hips which he had 
taken, not being able to fucceed, 
fet fail towards Dombay ; and that 
the largcd (hip belonging to that 
fquadron blew up off Bender- Abaf- 
fy, and every foul on board peri(hed. 

Her 



For the YEAR 17.&8. 



[119 



Her crew, it is faid, confined of 
450 men, befides paiTengers. 
£jurad of a letter from Stockholm. 

*' It is known that Defcartes died 
at Stockholm in the reign of Chrif- 
tina ; he was interred in the church 
of St. Oloff, and the grave was co- 
vered only with a Hone, containing 
ills name* the day of his birth, and 
that of his death. Hi^ body was 
{ome years afterwards carried into 
France; bat the Aone and former 
place of burial have ever fince been 
objeds of curiofity to foreigners. A 
refolotion having been taken to re- 
build the church, the kipg laid the 
firft flone of the new edifice on 
Tacfday laft; and the fame day the 
prince-royal fignified his pleafure, 
chat an elegant monument fhould be 
creded, at his royal highnefs's own 
expence, to the memory of the 
above-mentioned philofopher." 

t Both houfes of parliament 
met at Weftminfler, and were 
further adjourned to Tuefday fort- 
night, 21 ft inftant. , 

Aboutten o'clock in the morning 
Mr. Oldham> of Higham, near 
Sheffield (a promifmg young gen- 
tleman of 24 years of age), was 
found mod barbaroufly murdered, 
having his throat cut from ear to 
ear, in a wood adjoining to Mr. 
Nightingale's, near Matlock. He 
went from home the Friday before 
on bufmcfs, taking with him zt^ol. 
in caih, which the perpetrators of 
this inhuman murder, who have not 
We been heard of, are fuppofed 
to have carried off with them. 

This morning, about five o'clock, 
two captains of colliers came on 
fl^ore at King James's-llai/s, Wap- 
piog, in order to procure boiled 
DccT, &c. to their (hips crews ; but 
** fcon as they landed, they were 
*tuckcd by forty or fifty coal- 



heavers, who beat them fo cruelly 
that their lives are defpaired oL 
Thefe fellows have a guard at every 
landing-place on the river, to pi'c- 
vent the coal-ftiips from having any 
fupplies of provifions, fwearing they 
will flarve thofe on board, and if 
they oiler to come on (hore, will 
murder every man of them they can 
catch. The inhabitants in the neigh- 
bourhood are under the mofl dreads 
ful apprehenfions of being murder- 
ed, or of having their houfes fet on 
fire. 

Extrad of a letter from Montreal, 
April 16. 

•• I mull inform you of the me - 
lancholy accident that happened 
here the nth inftant in the even- 
ing. A fire broke out in the ftablc 
of one of the fufFerers i^ the late 
conflagration, in the upper towh, 
and it being pretty cold, and the 
wind at N. W. the flames foon 
reached the adjoining houfes» and 
raged with incredible fury over 
that part of the town, till five the 
next morning; at which time it 
had confumed ninety houfes, two 
churches, and a large charity - 
fchool. The fire was fo violent, 
that the poor people loll alrnoll all 
their effeds; and what liatle was 
favcd, was partly ftolcn from them. 
The number of poor is rc?.lly great, 
the moft part of the fufferers are 
tradefmen, and people that have 
been already burnt out in the lad 
fire. Some people imagine that 
this misfortune is owing to the ma- 
lice or carelcflnefs of an Indian fe:- 
vant-girl.** 

Yciterday was paid into the 
hands of William Blunt, efq. trea- 
furerof the city of London lying- 
in hofpilal for married women, in 
Alderfgatc-lheet, vwo thoufaad 
pound^^ being a legacy of the late 

Mr. 



\ 



tzo] 



ANNUAL R.EGISTER 



Mr. WfUiam llobinfon of Friday- 
fircct, 

, , Tic North-Briton, Extra 
4'^"' No. 4, was read in Weft- 
minftcr-hall, introduced by the at* 
fbrocy-^encral ; with an affidavit 
annexed, that it was bought pub- 
licly, whenj *among other things^ 
it was pronounced to be the ilaad- 
ard of rebellion, &c. 

Fine large mackerel were fold in 
London at three half-pence each. 
A premium fet on foot by fir i>. T. 
JanlP'n, chamberlain of London, 
for encouraging the mackerel- 
boats to bring their 6(h to market, 
lus greatly contributed to reduce 
the price; and that redu(5lion has 
had an effeft upon the price of meat, 
irMch is likewife fallen a penny in 
the pound. 

His Majelty's fhlp Superb ar- 
rived at Spithead from Gibraltar, 
but laft from Corke, where flie 
lad landed general Irwin*s Tegi- 
inent, that had been abfent 12 
years. 

The coal-heavers and failors had 
a terrible battle, when many were 
^wounded on both fides. The coal- 
heavers ar? thrown a terror to the 
whole neighbourhood of Stepney 
and Wa';>pi»ig, and commit the 
jnoft (hockiug outrafres. 

This day hii majcily enrtrs into 
the thirty-iirfl year of his age; but 
on account of the prefent mourn- 
ing, his majefty's birth day will ■ 
not be obfervcd till Thurfddy the 
23d inil. 

The right hon» lord vlfcount 
Falmouth has ptefented hia majelly 
Viiih a fet of fine long-taiJed iron- 
greys, bred by his lordthip in his 
park near Truro in Cornwall. 

Tuefday the .prince of Monaco 
tmbarked at Dover for Calais; 
Md on Wednefday ^e ^uchefs of 



Northumberland kndedattkefia&e 
place from Franco. 

The death of Mrs. HovRiri^ 
wife of the hon. Charles Hovrard^ 
heir, after the df^arth ofliis fatlvc^ 
to the dukedom of Norfolk, » is 'pe-^ 
culiarly afFeding. She was fo far 
gone with child as to reckon the 
very day (he died ; ftie was in per- 
fect heulth (her fituation conhdcc^ 
ed) till chat very day, and was 
never kno^vn to have a ftt previoua . 
to the fatal one wjiich inlUntly de-. 
prived her of eveify icnfe, a«d p^* 
fently afcer of life alfo. Dr. tioft* , 
ter, frr Richard Manningham, ijid . 
other- phyficians were lent for, but 
to nO purpofe ; nor was ^e opened, 
the infant having been, in the opi- 
nion of the faculty^ dead before tiie 
mother was taken ill ; aodi to that * 
caufe they attributed the death of 
this truly amiable young lady. 
What adds to the-pungency of the 
forrow on this melancholy occaAon» 
is, Mrs. Coppinger, Mrs. Howard *5 
mother, was on the road froin Ire- 
land on a -vifit, and arrtyed jaft to 
find her ili-fated daughter iniiKr 
fhroud. ' , 

Ycfierday the captain's enard 
in St. George*s-fieids, which tor 
fome time paft has confided fitft-of 
100 men, then of 50* was, hy or- 
ders then iffucd out, reduced ito* 
25 men : all things rcmaiaing very ^ 
quiet. . 

The princefs Maria Chrifti- ^^ 
na Jofepha Ferdinanda, fourth 
daaghter of the dnkc -of 6av*y, 
died 'at Turin of a putrid fcver^ 
in the night between tiie. 19th and 
20th of laft month, at the age of - 
fcven years and a half, her royal 
highnefs being bom on thcirftiof 
November, 1760. The king of 
Sardinia has ordered three moaths 



monrung. 



The 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[121 



Tkcjr wnte from Sweden, that 
#n the 23d of April, aboqt nine 
la the morning* part of a mine 
fell in near A&eriiind ; by which 
accident, oat of 16 people who 
vcre prdfent, i z were killed, and 
two were dangeroufly woonded. 

7ih- ^^ * court of aldermen, 
' heM thu day. Sir James Lang- 
kuB, baronet# attended, and agreed 
to the payment of 6000I. on his 
hating a proper difcham, which 
was giren ; and the faid fix thou- 
frod pounds w^re accordingly 
paid into the chamber of London, 
m conformity to the will of Sir 
John Langham, baronet, deceafed, 
who gives it in traft co the lord 
Buyor and aldermen of the citv of 
Loadon, towards raifing a fund 
fcr the reKcf of poor diftrefied 
ibldien and feamen, and their fa- 
milies. 

In the morning another great 
friy happened in Stepney-fields, 
hetween the coal-iieavers and' fai- 
V»n, wherein fcveral of the latter 
loft their lives. The coal-heavers 
■trclied off in triumph, with co* 
^'^^^ tying* drums oeating, &c. 
fiftnag five guineas for a failor's 
he*d. The ihips below bridge 
otoblieed to keep conilaot watch, 
diy and nighv crying, *♦ All is 

1^ This morning, at eight 
"• o'clock, Mr. Wilkes was 
hroaght from the prifon of the 
idag^ bench to the court. The 
jodges came aboat nine. It had 
been mentioned the laft term, that 
> aew argument was defired, and 
tilt new ground might be taken 
fer the reverfal of the outlawry. 
At the opening of the coart Mr. 
WiBcet made a (hort fpeech, that 
kwasperfedly fatisfied with the 
ittcof the argument, as it was left 
VouXr. 



by ferje^nt Glynn ; that he did not 
mean to quit the firm and folid 
ground on which it refted, and was 
perfuaded, from the joftice of the 
court, that his outlawry muft be 
revericd. The attorney general 
then, in fupport of the outlawry, 
entered upon a very long argu* 
ment, to which no one of Mr. 
Wilkes's counfel replied. The 
judges afterwards delivered their 
opinions very fully, and were una- 
nimous, that the outlawry was il- 
legal, and muft be reverfed. Their 
lord (hips differed as to their rea* 
fons { but all concurred in the re* 
verfal, and the irregularity of the 
proceedings. 

Lord Mansfield made a very 
Ion? and elegant fpeech on the 
fubied of Mr. Wilkes's outLwry, 
ancl juftification of his own con- 
dud, which had been the canfe of 
much popular abnfe being thrown 
out againft his lordfliin. 

The attorney general then de- 
manded judgment on the two ver- 
dids. Mr. Wilkes defired to avail 
himfelf of feveral points in arreft 
of judgment. He (aid, that when 
he had the honour of appearing 
before that court on the 20th of 
April, he had dated the cafe of the 
records ^t Lord Mansfield's own 
*houfe f that his lordfhip had re- 
plied ; but that, however, his 
lordlhip had delivered onl^ his 
own opinion ; and the opinion of 
one judge, however difhnguiihed 
for great ability, he apprehended, 
was not the judgment ot the court; 
which he defired, and fubm|ttcd 
to, gnd begged that his counfe} 
might argue that and fome other 
points of importance. "Several 
things were afterwards mentityoed 
by ^e attorney general, and ^ 
Mr. Wilkes's counfeL At laft the 
[/] court 



122] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



^ourt fixed next Tucfday to de- 
bate, whether both verdids ought 
not to be fet afide on the objedlions 
as to the records having been alter- 
ed, and that the informations weie 
not filed by the proper officers, but 
by the folicitor general ; (o that it 
IS pofllble that Mr» Wilkes may be 
difcharged, or receive judgment on 
Tuesday next, 

. The court of king's-bench 
^ "^ ordered the rules to be made 
abfolute againft the originalpub- 
lifher of the Nortl\ Briton Extra- 
, ordinary. No. 4 ; and againft an- 
other bookfeller for having fold 
thsLt paper. ^ The ruje againft the 
original publifher of the North 
Briton, No. 50, was likewifc or- 
dered to be made abfolute ; and a 
new rule was made, for his (hew- 
ing caufe, why an att^hment 
ihould not iflue againft him for the 
publication of No. 5 1 of the faid. 
paper, which made its appearance 
on Wedncfdiy. 

The prince and princefs of 
6range went, on Saturday laft from 
Amfterdam to Utrecht by water, 
and from thence to Soefdyck, 
where their highnefTes were in 
good health by the laft accounts ; 
and from thence they are to go to 
Loo, where the king of Prullia is 
to be on Monday next. 

Warfaw, May 21. On the 13th 
'' inftant a courier arrived with ad- 
vice, that a large body of the con- 
federates had been defeated near 
Conftantinow, "with the lofs of 
eight hundred men, killed, wound- 
ed, or taken. 

The Ruffians who have been 
cantoned in the neigbpurhood of 
this capital, are now marching 
towards Halicz, in order, it is faid, 
to attack count Potocki, whofe 
i^ivifi'on confifts of 18,000 effec- 



tive men, befide^ 9000 regular 
troops. The erenadiers„ who 
formed the guard at prince Rep- 
nin's, have alfo left that ftation, 
and are replaced by a detachment 
of chafleurs^ 

Extradl of a letter from a gentle- 
man of Touloufe, datea April 
20, to his friend at Galway iii 
Ireland. 

" The moft reourkable occur* 
rence here, is the extraordinary 
cafe of a criminal under featence 
of death, and who was to have 
been broke on the wheel the 2d 
current. The day. before he was 
to have been executed, he fell into 
a profound fleep, and has lived 
fince without any nouriftunent 
whatfo^ver. Several means have 
been uled to awake Kini, even 
blifters, but to no purpofe : he 
breathes eafy and freely, and his 
limbs^ efpecially from the middle 
upwards, are perfe£lly pliable* 
About four da^'s ago he awolcct 
and continued fo for an hour, or 
fomewhat better ; he walked a 
few ftep>s, and the phyAcians or- 
dered him fome light nourifli-> 
ment ; but before it could be got 
ready, he relapfed, and continues, 
in the fame ftate of infeniibilitjr. 
The phyficians call it a cataleptic 
« ailment, incurred through fear and 
horror of the -execution he W^s to 
undergo, which however is only 
deferred till he difcovers the fcnfe 
of feeling!" . 

The fhip's company of the Dol- 
phin man of war went to the 
queen's palace, in order to deliver 
a petition to his Majefty to have 
their wages doubled, the fame as 
was granted to the faid fhip's crew 
on ineir return from their M 
voyage round the world ; but hit 
Majefty being gone to Richmond, 

they 



For the YEAR 1768: 



[i^S 



Ihev were oMIgcd to poftpone the 
tiehvery of it till another opportu- 
nity, 

1 1 th ^^ ^^^ before the right 
hon. lord Mansfield, at 
Guildhall, the mailer of a late lock- 
op-honfe in Chancery -dane, on an 
icftidmeor, for a confpiracy with a 
Middlefex juftiee (fince d,eceafe4) 
to inveiele, kidnap, and carry oat 
of this kingdom, feveral pedbns« 
In the conrfe of the evidence it 
appeared, that great craelties had 
been committed on a man nn- 
jMly confined there, by beating 
him with the thick end of a horfe- 
whip, &c. and afterwards carry- 
ing him away, whh many othen, 
IB the dead of the mght, under a 
ftrong guard, on board a (hip ly- 
ing below Gravefend ; and on the 
clearcft evidence he was found guiK 
ly. The whole of this iniquitous 
tni illegal proceeding waS' firll 
hnjoght to light by the accident 
of one of thofe poor unhappy 
wpetchts endeavouring to efcape 
cnit of a garret window, and fill- 
ing to the ground one evenings 
jnft u Mr. Gines was poffing by, 
who with great public fpirit has 
very laadably taken much pains 
to bring this a£iur to light, which 
was a fcandal to humanity in a 
Uziilian country. 

la the morning, about half an 
^our pad one, there broke out a 
tcrrihle fire in an empty houfe> 
Ucely inhabited by William Jones, 
ttpholftcrer, deceaufed, near Broad- 
Wdge, in Shadwell High-ftrcer, 
which burnt furiouQy, deilroyed 
feren houfes, damaged feveral 
Qore, and threatened deflru^lion 
to- the whole neighbourhood, the 
tones having fpread agrofs the 
fctet, and fct fire to Dr. Martyn's, 
<td two hoofes adjoiniiig caftward. 



which were faved by a great pour 
of water, fupplied chi^.y by the 
Shadwell water-works, which/, oft 
this occafion, fent down 2500 tons 
of water, as appeara by the meafure 
of the fall of water in their refer- 
voir. 

We are told from Vienna, tha^ 
the emperor is greatly difTatistied 
with the condition wherein he has 
found the works and fortifications 
of mofl of the places in Hungary, 
notwithflanding great fums have 
been lately appropriated for the re- 
paration of them. Several perfons 
who were charged with the direc- 
tion of thofe works, it feems, are 
put under arreft. 

The queen of Naples, contrary 
to expe^tion, did ftop at Rome 
on her journey, which is fuppofed 
to have been occafioned by a brief 
fent by the Pope to the grand duke 
of Tufcany, wherein the pontiiT 
exhorted him «' to engage his Si- 
cilian Majefly not to give the ene- 
mies of the holy fee fuch triumph, 
jaLS that the daughter and filler of a 
catholic- emperor pafTcd near the 
capital of Chriftendom without en- 
tering it, and without fulfilling the 
duty of vifiting the holy places, 
and particularly the church of St. 
Peter, the metropolitan church of 
the whole catholic world." 

There came on lately to be 
heard, before the right hon. thr 
lords of the privy-council, two 
appeals from Quebec, wherein - 
lieut. colonel Chrlftie was appel- 
lant, and Francis Noble Knipe and 
John Lc-Qucfne, of Quebec, were 
refpondents, in fuits which had 
been brought by the refpondents 
againft the appellant, for imprcf** 
fing labourers and artificers into 
his Majeily't fcrvice during iKf 
war with France and the hiuians ; 
[/ 2] when 



tn] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



vrh6n the judgments that had been 
giv^n at QueMc a^nft the appel* 
lant were reverfed, and both aiAioiu 
difmifTed. 

, On Thttrfdar lad. No. 51 
'^^'*' of the Nocth-Britoo was 
read by Mr. Barlow, clerk of the 
crown-olEce, in the court of king's 
bench ; when Mr- De Grtys, £» 
Maje(ly*s attorney^ general, moved 
the court for a rule» to ihew cauib 
why an ftttachment fliould not i(^ 
fne agamft Mr. Bingley, for pabb> 
lifhing the faid paper ; which wU 
a^low^. On Friday the mle 
granted againft him for the pab- 
It^tioft of No 50 was made ab^ 
folute; and on Saturday the rote 
againft No» 5i was alfo made ab- 
fojute 3 and the attachment ifiued 
accordingly. It having been con*- 
itdently reported, on Friday and 
Saturday morning, that Mr. Bing^ 
ley had abfconded^-to (hew the 
public the contrary, as foon as he 
was informed th« fecond rule was 
i)nade abfolute, he fent- to Mr. 
Francis, folicilor of the treafury^ 
kikI to feveral of the flieriffs oft* 
cers, to come attd fenre it upon 
him, which was done about fix 
o'clock on Saturday evening. He 
was conveyed in a coach to Mr. 
Phillips's lock-ap-honfe, the Py'd 
Bull, in Gray Vinn- lane, where ke 
remained that night ; and Sunday 
in the evening was removed to 
Newgate, having refnfi^ to put in 
bail on the proceedings by attach- 
ment. 

The inr'>Iencies of the coal- 
heaves arrived to fuch a height, 
that the military was called in to 
the aiTftance of the civil power, 
and an engagement eniued, where- 
in feveral were hurt on boili fides ; 
ao of the dripefacJoes however 
have been apprehended, and pnr- 



fttit made after 011117 ai#tt. Tk^ 
gaols arefiill of thofe fellows, mhm 
would neither work nor let othen 
Work, fo that the bufinefs on Urn 
river has been greatly obftru^led. 
EjKrad of a letter from Pominica*. 
dated April 19, 1768. 
'' I am (brry to inform yon of 
a «ery difagrceable event whick 
lately happened here. Walter 
Pringle, eiq;. wbo was the prefix 
dent of t|ie iiland» Mr. Komnfoa 
the fecreury, the colkAor of, tkr 
ifland* colonel Perry^ ^^^ Stoartr 
and captain-iHeiitenSAt rigot> of 
the dad regiment* and fome oiore 
SngliAi g t ntkm en» having bceii 
to dine, en Saturday April tbe 
9th, in the country, witk a Frenck 
mmily, ia company with captaia 
Holvell, of his Majeft/s ftup 
Phoenix, went on board the Plus* 
nix very late in the afternoon, i^ 
the captain's barge* and were to 
retnrn in the cnftom-vhoufe*boat. 
Having (hdd but a (hort time oa 
board, they were returning io the 
boat, when fome of the gentlemes 
obferving ihe made much water, 
enquired of the failois whether 
there was any danger, and were 
anfwcred, the boat would carr/ 
them very fafe aihore. The wau- 
ter, however, came into the boat 
fo very fail, that they were obliged 
to throw it ont with their h^; 
but as the water came im fuch 
abtiadanoe, they found they could 
not empty the boat ; this therefore 
indnced moft of the gentlemen 
who could fwim to quit the boat, 
and endeavour to get on (hore, 
though they were a con&derahle 
diftance off. Colonel Perrjr, as he 
could not fwim, determined to 
continnc in the boat^ when the 
water was almofl tm n> his arm- 
pitt. Capt. Uohr^ icat out hia 

little 



For the YEAR 1768. [125 

Htde boat'ufter them; which got nion, xhfit the alteration of the 
ep to them at the v^y iofUitt they record at the judges 's chimber$ 
were penQiiiig> mad afibrded a kind was wh^t they had an indifpenfa* 
ftUefto them all, except to Mr. ble right to in the courTe of prac* 
Pringle, Mr Robinibn, and a white tlce. After this, the informations 
fiuK>r, who were drowned. Had the againft Mr. Wilkes were read ; 
aight not been fo dark, all of them and lord Mansfield llated to the 
WQNrid have been probabl/ faved. court the evidence as it flood on. 
Capt, Stuart, we believe, was fwim- the farmer trial ; when Mr. At- 
■ang in the water fbr three quar^ torney-general and Sir Fletcher 
cm of an hcmr, and having all hit Norton gave their opinions in ag* 
clothes 00, vr2s almofl fpent when ^ravation of the cafe, and Mr fer- 
lie was taken up. We ere very jeant Glynn anfwerd in extenu- 
iappy with our narrow efcape, but ation. Mr. Wilkes then defired 
hAent tbe \oh of o«r friends on that judgment might be paiTed ; 
this occafiofu'* but was told, that the court having 

f Abont half pad eight heard the opinion of coonfel oa 
J^ ' o'clock in the moroiog Mr. both fides, and fome materia] ob* 
WHkes arrived at tbe court of jedions having been offered, it 
Kn^jwVnch. Weftminfter ' ha)]» was neceflary to take thefe into 
ibdahotit haff an hoiM* after that confideratton ; but was a£Qired 
time the judges came imo comt ; that, (hough no day could then be 
when the arguments on the arreil fixed for that purpofe, no time 
of JQ^gment were ehtered on, by (hould be delayed to bring it to aa 
Ifc-. Attorney-general, Mr. Thnr- Wue. 

Ibe, and Sir Fletcher Nortaiu on Among other proceedings, Mr, 
helulf of the erown ; and bf Mr. ferjeant ^lynn took notice, that 
fejcant Olynn, Mr. Recorder of •&« " writ of error" was intended 
London, a^id Mr. Davenport, on to be brought before a higher 
tiK put oJF the defendiuit. Mr. coiirt of juilice, before the houfe 
ferjontOlyon entered further than fiords, 4%e defired that the cafe 
he had before done on the impro- of the " alteration of the record«^ 
prietv of the information bein^ under fnch peculiar circumftances, 
ned by the folicitor-general ; but ffiight be ^ted on the back of 
the comt were fo tilearly of opi- the record, to be tranfmitted to . 
■ion, the bnfaefs of the attorney*- ihe lords $ otherwife that important 
gcanraV (in cale of there being a point could not come before the 
vtKincy in that o€ce) moil nccef*- iioufe. This was -abCplurely re- 
fcily devdfe on the' folicitor^ fufed by the court. He coaclud- 

rm\, tAat it tvas jwdged need- ^, by intreating their lordthips^ 
to lay iwore en that iiead. /or ttie (ake of t^ 6ifety of every 
'fhe whole tiint Af r. WiH»8 then Aibjed of this nation, to £x lome 
Mtonvail'htmf^lf^fwas, eheal- Jimiw to the difqrctionary powe^r 
Oration of the pecoiid ; wivich of a)t«>ring i^cords ; that counCel 
^^ti*g been very learnedly and Jnay know for the fmure when 
<W>ora!ely cawwd, »Bhe oonrt they can be certain o^ the caufe 
*dtwd t fa et nftl m Mlf of cfp^ tfcey are to plead 1 ^ia4 that the 

[/Is fubjca 



1 26] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



fubjcft may not be liable to ruin at 
the difcretion of a judge. 

Extract of a letter from Liverpool, 
dated June 10. 

" On Saturday morning laft 
four people were found dead, viz. 
an elderly woman, two young 
women, and a boy about 16 or 17 
years of age, in a cellar in Stanlcy- 
ftreet in this town ; a cat and dog 
were in the fame place ; the cat 
was dead, but the dog, on being 
brought out into the llreet, reco- 
vered. The circumllances of this 
fhocking affair, as appeared to the 
jury on the coroner's inqueft, 
were as follows : the cellar is fi* 
tuated to the front of the ftreet, 
about four feet below it ; has no 
opening but to the ftree t j ad- 
joining to it is another cellar, 
ufed by the inhabitants of the 
houfe above as a beer cellar ; this 
has an opening on the back fide of 
the houfe to the yard : in this 
yard rs a lime-kiln, about a dozen 
yards from the houfe, which was 
then burning. It was believed by 
the jury that the futphur from the 
lime-kiln had been driven by the 
wind into the bceY cellar, and from 
thence through the fpaces between 
the joilh at the top of th(^ partition 
Vail into that where thcfe unfortu- 
nate people lay, which was the oc- 
cafion of their deaths.'* 

By letteVs from different parts, it 
appears that the thunder and hail 
flormsof lafl week were felt, more 
or lefs, throughout tht kingdom ; 
and that great damages have been 
furtained from them. They alfo 
reached the continent, and the 
ifland of Gilcmfey,- where confidcr- 
able damage \*a3 done. 

They write from Warfaw, that^ 
aiv officer of Houlans, who com-* 



manded an hundred men in qoxr** 
ters at Kakroczim, has beengrte- 
-voufly infulted by a Railian ofloer» 
who, arriving there with a dc* 
tachment of 300 men, infiAed oe 
the Houlans yielding up their lodg* 
ings to them. The injured officer 
in revenge, made his men mount 
their horfes, exhorted them to {ie- 
cond him, and they all, fword in 
hand, fell upon theKuflians, and 
cut them to pieces. Upwa|fds of 
twenty waggons, laden with the 
wounded, have been brought hitker; 
amongfl them is the officer who 
commanded them. • The Houlans, 
who were in the king's pay, have 
been diibanded. 

In the affair wliich happened 
lately at Lublin in Poland, moit 
than too honfes were fet on fire, 
and confumed by the cannon of the 
Ruffians. 

A letter from Paris fays, •* Thexe 
is no doubt of the kiag's having 
refolved to take poffeffion of th^ 
city of Avignon and its dependen- 
cies ; and it is the marqnis de 
Rochechouart who is to have the 
charge- of this expedition, with a 
corps of troops which he is going 
immediately to put himfelf at the 
head of, in Provence.*' 

Letters from Rome fay, that, 
upon the Pope's refufal to withdraw 
the brief againd the duke of Parma, 
the miniders of France iCnd Spain 
faid, " Your holinefs hiuft not 
then be fur prized, if yon ihould 
hear the news of Avignon and Roa^ 
cigllone being taken." 
. Letters from Tobago, ^ated in 
March laff, lake notice of ^ dif- 
covery made there of the rnatmcg 
tree, which grows in abundance in 
many parts of that liAand. The 
<jces were loaded with firoit whea 
thbfe letters were written ; but 

they 



For the YEAR 1768. 



bn 



they had not yet come to maturity : 
howcTcr, in examining fome of 
them, there could be no doubt 
but they were a- fpecies of, if not 
the real, nutmeg. Thefc letters 
(peak alfo highly in praife of the 
(oil of that iHand, and of its flou- 
rifeing ibte, for the (bort time 
faicc the fettlement began, and 
(ay that there are already near 
forty plantations in great forward* 
nth. 

nth '^^ ^^^ chancellor, af- 
' ' filled by the mailer of the 
rolls and the chief juftice of the 
court of common pleas, gave judg- 
ncBt in the court of chancery on 
the will of Sir George Downing, 
and unanimoufly confirmed the 
fame in favour of founding a new 
college in the univeriity of Cam- 
bridge, by the name of Downing 
college, for which purpofe he left 
aneftate of 4000I. per annum. 
^^ In the morning, about a 
quarter before nine, Mr. 
Wilkes came into the court of 
ki^g's-bcnch ; and foon after, the 
cowt being fat, Mr. Juftice Yates, 
after enlarging on the malignaht 
Btture and dangerous tendency of 
the two publications of which Mr. 
Wilkes had been convifted, pro- 
ceeded to pronounce the judgment 
of the court : That, for the repub- 
lication of the North Briton, No. 
45» in Tolumes (of which two thou- 
(and copies had been printed for 
piblic fale,) he (hould pay a fine 
of five hundred pouiKls, and be 
imorifoned ten calendar months: 
wd for pnblilking the Eflay on 
Woman (of which only twelve co- 
pies were printed for the private 
ofc of fo many particular friends,) 
•^ he fliould pay likewife a fine 
^irt hundred pounds, and be im- 
prifoQcd twelve calendar months. 



to be computed from the expiut^ 
tion of the term of the former im- 
prifonment ; and that he after- ^ 
wards find fecurity for his good 
behaviour for feven years, himfelf * 
to be bound in the fum of a thou- 
fand pounds, and two fureties in 

five hundred pounds each. A* 

writ of error, returnable before the 
houfe of lords, was afterwards* 
moved for, in order to reverfe the 
judgment on account of the alte- 
ration of the record; and the court 
recommended to the attorney ge- 
neral to grant it on the firft appli- 
cation. 

In an addrefs to the freeholders 
of Middlefex, publilhed fince the 
Tevcrfal of the outlawry, Mr. 
Wilkes makes this remarkable de- 
claration. ** In the whole progrefs 
of minifterial vengeance againll 
me for feveral years, I have (hewn, 
to the convidion of all mankind, * 
that my enemies have trampled on 
the laws, and been afiuated by 
the fpirit of tyranny and arbitrary 
power. The general warrant, 
under which I was firft apprehend- 
ed, has been judged illegal. The 
feizure of my papers was con- 
demned judicially. The outlawiy, 
fo long the topic of virulent abulc, 
is at laft declared to have been 
contrary to law: and, on the' 
ground firft taken by my learned 
counfel Mr. Serjeant Glynn, is 
formally revcrfed.*' This it is 
thought neceflary to infert, as it 
has been faid in all the papers, that 
the error on which the oulawry 
was reverfed was difcovered by Mr. 
Wilkes's enemies. 

By his Majelly's (hip Dolphin,' 
newly arrived from a voyage rounAJ 
the world, we hear that they have* 
difcovered a new iiland in the* 
South Seas, large,, fertile, and ex- • 

[/] 4 trcmcly 



1 281 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



trcjnely popoloor* The Dolphin 
came to an anchor in a {aSct fpa* 
cipas and commodious harbovr, 
where Ihe lay about fix week«^. 
From the behaviour of the inha- 
bitantSj they had reiifbn to beliere 
(he wa9 the firft and only fhip tbey 
had cverfeen. 

The firft day they came along 
fide with a number of canoes^ in 
order to take pcffdion o^ her, 
there were two aivifio^is, one filled 
with men, and the other with wo- 
men f tkefe la(l endeavoured to en- 
gage the attention of our failors, 
by expoHng their beauties to their 
vicwi whilft the men from the 
canoes tlurew great quantibies of 
fioncF, by which feverel feamen 
were hurt ; however, as they had 
no kind of weapons, they were 
foon beat otf, ana a few vollies of 
fmall arms obliged them to retire 
injgreat conliifioD. 

The day following^ a party 
well armed was fent on Ihore with 
the watering ca/ks, and our people 
at the top-mail-head tlifcovered, 
by the help of their glafles, 4>ro- 
digtous numbers of the natives 
flocking from all parts towards 
the watering plate, in order to 
furround the party ^ upoil which 
a figcial was made for them to 
come on board and leave the wa^ 
tering caiks. This was no fooner 
done, than the Dolphin was at- 
tacked by greater num'bers than 
the day .preceding, which obliged 
them to have reco^rfc to tJie difa^ 
gjceable neceility ot fering forae 
of their great ^tms at thfmj> charg- 
ed with grape {hot; and fome 
guns with bail were alfo fired up 
the country, whici knocked down 
fome 'of their 'honfcs, felled fe'i^eral. 
tt^cs, IScc. and llruck them wiih 
(uch ewe, t^t the/ now lookeil on 



our people as more than homaa* 
fmce their houfes could not fiielter : 
them, nor diftance take them ont* 
of the r ach of our fhot» 

They imftiediately (hewed thc' 
grcateft defire of being at peac«i' 
with us, and did not (e^m to refenci 
thc killing a number of their peo- - 
pie, as they now appeared to be»^ 
ffnfibie that we had only mad^Ufc' 
of thofe dreadful engines againftr 
them, when their raftmefs had 
forced us to it^ 

We took poffeffion of the ilUnl 
in his Majffty^s name, and called 
it £.ing George's iiland. It iiea 
in about twenty degrees foutber* 
latitude.— During the remainder 
of our Oay, we continued to trade 
with the natives in the moft ami-; 
bable manner; giving them nails* 
buttons, beads, and .trinkets, in 
exthange for freih provifioiiB» 
which we were greatly in waAt 
of. 

The natives are in general tiHet 
and iloutf r made than our ]>eople» 
and are moftly of a copper cokmi^ 
with black hdir; others are ^reiv 
efpecially the women, fome of 
whom were obferved to be rcA- 
haiied.-*-It docs not appear that 
they know thc ufe of any one me« 
tal tvhatever.— When the gmpe^ 
fhot cAme ^mong thorn, they dived 
after it, and brought up the pieces 
of lead, ^thcf fwim likeilh, and 
can remain a lon^ time undet 
water. — -They were clothed with 
a kind 0^ St%iB^ made of the bark 
of trees, fom^ red, fome yellows its 
texture refembles that ot coatfe 
thick paper, and caanot reiiA wetL 
Beiides the large iiland, there are 
feveral Idler t»aes, which haw 
been named Charlotte iflaa4te 
Gloucefter ifland, ^o£cawen i^hcnd* 
Keppe) iflancU Wallace iOand, te. 

The 



Fbr tlie TEAR 17^8. 



[I2f 



The Itiediod made nie of hf the 

Uikabitaat9 for drcffing their ani- . 

jBtd leod, is by <iiggiRg a hole ia 

tke ground, into which' they pot 

(mck a quantity of ftones as^ will 

cover the bottom; apon thefe 

flones they kindk a fiie, which 

they extingui(has foon as they 

iamgiae the dones are Aifficientiy 

lisated. After fweeping away the 

aftes, they place the meat, of 

w^tever kind, whether pork» 

fowls or <i{b» thereon (which are 

ail the fpecies they havei on whkh 

tkey very carefylly place fome 

beoad leaves, and thereon the earth 

which they dog oat of the 4ole. 

They are £eiid to be excellent cooks, 

mttd very cleanly; and that this 

method of dreiiing their food prov<> 

ed. very palatable and agreeable to 

oor countrymen : and we are af» 

furcd, that they rometimeg dreffcd 

the whole carcaie of a hog in this 

ouinner. 

We are further informed, that 
captain Wallace tried to peWuade 
feme of -the natives to come along 
irkh htm^ bnt they refafed to 
leave thrir firiends and coantry. 
They were very forry to lofe the 
cDnpaay of our people ; and w^ttn 
the (kip fet fail, they tried to Hop 
her courfe with their canoes* 

That this ifland is abont fifteen 
hundred kagnes Co the weflward 
and to keward of the coaft of Pern, 
and about five^and- thirty leagues 
in ciicwmfcrrnce ; that i«5 princi*- 
pal antd almaft fole nstionai ad* 
Tatttage is, hs ficoatitm for ex- 
plornig the ttrrm 4m<ogmtm of the 
fixithern hemifphcre. 

, During the courfe of laft 

^^^^' week, |oh« Duggan, Hugh 
Henley, Thmiai Kearnon, and 
ThoDas Bavis, coal^Keavers, were 
aMBiBsttcd4#;t<c«(gate 4)y -Sir Johft 



Fielding, for befai^ <oneemed in 
the wilful SHirder of Jdin Beattie. 
a muriner, belonging to the Free« 
love, of Whitby ; John Grainger, 
Richard Cornwall, and David 
Qary, coal-heavetv, for wilfnlly 
and maliciottily (ho'>tiug at John 
Greeny in his dweHiag-hou^ at 
Shad well; Matthew Bam and 
Patrick Lynth, for being con* 
cerned with divers others, in riot- 
ottfly and tumultuoafly a^embling 
with cutlailes, &c. and beginning 
to demolifh iTnd pull down the 
dwellifig-hottfe -of James Marfden, 
visual ler, at Ratcltffe^highway ; 
fome others have been committed 
for mixing in thefe riots, and 
going about armed ; and a great 
number of others who have been 
taken up have been difcharged. 
There has been no other ioforma*- 
tion of murder at Sir John Field' 
ing's office, but that of the. afore* 
faid John Beattie ; fo that the ac- 
count of numbers of foldtefB, and 
other perlbns being murdered, is 
without the leaft fou^ndation. And 
Friday laft a number of the prin* 
cir&l coal-heavers, who have been 
employed in that bufinefs from 
thirty years down to twelve, came 
ro Sir John Fielding, and ftated 
the grievances they had fulFered on 
account of the undertakers, and 
agreed to go to work on reafon- 
awe terms; when a worthy mer- 
chant, concerned in the Ihipping 
that brings coals to London, ob- 
ligingly undertook to fpeak to the 
mailers of the fhips to relieve them 
from thefe their grievances, by 
cauiing their money to be imme- 
diately paid them for their labour 
without deductions ; which he has 
in part aa:ompli(hed, many gangs 
having already been to work; 
bat fome prejudices ftili fnbiifting 

between 



i3o] 



ANN UAL. REGISTER 



between the /eameit and the Irifli 
coai-heavers(whichit is to be hoped 
will fubfide in a few days) . pre- 
vents, for the prefent, pcrfed peace 
amongft them ; buj it will be dif- 
ficult to find men fa adapted, from 
firength, Sec. to execute this kho- 
rioub calk of coal-^heaving, as the. 
Irifh are ; and as they now fee the. 
danger of even going armed, it is 
' to be hoped that peace and induf- 
iry will fupply the place of tumult, 
refentment, and mifchief. 

The court of common pleas 
was moved, that as Mr. Wilkes's 
outlawry was now reverfed, he 
might be at liberty to withdraw 
his demurrer to lord Halifax's 
plea and reply ; but the court were 
of opinion, that it w^s proper to 
give a term's notice of this mo- 
tion, and Mr, Wilkes's attorney 
has given notice accordingly. 
The fame day Mr. ferjeant Nares 
moved for an attachment againll 
tke printer of a daily paper, for 
publiilung Mr. Wilkes's addrefs to 
the gentlemen, clergy, and free- 
holders of the county of Middle- 
fex, as he apprehended that the 
fame tended to iuBame the jury of 
the county, before whom the caufe 
uas to be tried. The court aiked 
him, whether he: made that motion 
on behalf of the attorney general ? 
wiiich he averring, the addrefs was 
read, but the court refufcd the at- 
tachment. 

'I he following extraordinary 
affair happened at Dover ; A high- 
wayman, who had robbed a gen- 
tleman near Waldeiliare, was ap- 
prehended the nevt day at the Sil- 
ver Lion in that town; he was 
feiz^d on fuiid.nl y by four per- 
fons, who pretended lo drink and 
converfc with him, and an un- 
loaded and one loaded piilol were 
I 



found in his coat pockets; he %ca0 
immediately (hipped, and a po* 
niard was found concealed in his 
brcaft, under his Ihirt, with which 
he intended to have deftroyed fomc 
of his guards. Tb^ money. Sec, 
that he had taken from Mr. Har> 
riotfon, was in his w«iilcoat pocket, 
with three bank notes of toi. each^ 
forty guineas in ca(h, and fevcral 
trinkets ; and in a pocket-book was 
found a letter directed to a pcr- 
fen in London, on fome a^air of 
buiinefs. 

fieing carried before a jnftice of 
the p^ace, he made a ready con- 
feffion of fcverat robberies which 
he had committed from the month 
of December laft, acknowledge! 
his name to be James Fredcncic 
Hellick, a native of Frankfort in 
Germany, and appeared to be very 
penitent. 

The juftice commitD^d him to 
the caille, till a convenient op- 
portuiiity offered of conveying 
him to the county gaol at MaicU 
Aone; and five conffables were 
difpatched with him ; he converfed 
very calmly and fenfibly as they 
afcended the hill, remarked the 
immenfe height of the cliff, and 
begged permiffion to examine the 
famphire gatherers a few moments ; 
thefe men had adlually left work, 
and their ropes remained firmly 
fjxed to pods at the top of the 
cliff, and reached the fhore ; on a 
fudden, he pretended to fee a fuF> 
priitng appearance at the opposite 
fide of the hill ; the conftables 
turned their he^ds at his excla- 
mation to the fide pointed at, and 
at that iullant he grafped a rope, 
and defcendcd with eafe to the 
ihore before they faw him ; as 
they could not poffibly return to 
town, s^nd CQmmence their porfnit 

in 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[131 



in Ids than an hour, tbe roibber has 
HOC been feen iince, Defcriptions 
of bis perfon, as 6efore, are affixed 
atDeal^ Sandwich, &c. and a coa- 
£derabie reward is offered for ap- 
prehending him. 

Extract of a letter from Antigua, 
dated April a 2, 
*' The ifland of Montfcrrat has 
been in the utmoft confttrnation, 
having been threatened with a very 
dangerous infurre^ion of, the ne- 
groes, which was, however, happily 
prevented by the hand of Provi- 
dence; and, it is hoped, is now 
p^tiy croihed. Upon the fi^ft 
notice of it. Admiral Pyc fcnt down 
two of his majefty's ihips,' and the 
pre£de&t of St. Chriftopher's or- 
dered a detachment of 50 men 
irom the 68th regiment. 

" The plot was to have been 
carried iitro execution upon St. Pa- 
trick's day, which the principal 
white inhabiunts, chiefly Irifli, ufu- 
a}Iy aifembled together to comme- 
soorate. Thofe negroes that attend- 
ed within doors were to have fecured 
the fwords of the gentlemen, and, 
upon a iignal given, thofe that were 
without were to fire into the rooms, 
and put every man to death, as he 
cndjcavoured to make his efcape. 
The farages had cad iots for the 
ladies, whom they- intended to carry 
to Porto Rico, in the (hips which 
then lay imthe harbour ; and they 
were to have been fecured upon the 
iimeiigaaU The confpiracy was 
difcovered but a few days before it 
was to have been carried into exe- 
cution, by a woman who overheard 
two of the confpirators difputing 
about the difoofition of their arms. 
Five of theu wretches have been 
already executed ; and many more 
naft fuStr the iame hxf.'[ 



Extra£l of a letter from Warfaw. 
** On the 2d inftant, as the bag - 
gage of general Soltikow was re- 
turning to Ruffia, a pa^ty of Polifli 
peafants met it at Radzomin, about 
eight miles frpm h/cncp, beat the 
clcorte,, and feized the baggage. 
As they were celebrating the feaft 
of the holy facrament there that, 
day, and the Poles were moreover 
greatly pleafed with their plunder, 
they got fo much in liquor that the 
Ruilians, whp were, not above a 
league off, hearing the diforder 
they were in> returned, bovnd 
them hands and feet, and recovered 
the baggage they had loll." 
. They write from Genoa, the 28th 
nit. that a courier arrived that day 
from Paris, with the ratification of 
the treaty concluded between 
France and that republic. 

The republic of Genoa has fent 
three deputies to Ballia to deliver 
the city, and whatever elfe the Gc- 
noefe polfefs in Corfica, into the 
hands of the French commandant. 
Stockholm, June 3. The king 
of Sweden was in danger of being 
killed by a fall lad Tuefday. hS 
majelly, driving the queen and the 
princefs Sophia Albertina, in a four- 
wheeled chaife, a fudden jolt threw 
him put of the box : and not being 
able to difengage himfelf entirely^ 
he was dragged about twenty yards 
before the i'ervant behindcould get 
forward to flop the horfes. His 
majefty received fome bruifes ; but 
being blooded immediately, there 
is r^afon to hope this accident will 
have no ill comequences. 

Lad night, abont ten , 
o'clock, her moll chridian ^ * 
majdly departed this life. The 
king went immediately to Marli. 
It is expe^ed the court will foon go 

to 



»sO 



annOal register 



te Compeigne for the fammer fea- 
fon. 

Maria Lefztnki, late queen of 
France, and only daughter to the 
late king Stanifldas of Poland, and 
dnke of Lorriin, was born June 2^, 
1705, and married Sept 5, 17*5, 
to ItOuis XV. the prcfent king of 
France, by whom Ihe had iffue, 1. 
Louis, late dauphinot France, bbm 
Sept. 4, I729; 2: Mary Adelaide, 
madame of France, born March 
>3» »73»; 3. Viaoria Loaifa Ma- 
ria Therefa, boroMayii, !75'3; 
4. ^phiaPhilippina Elizabeth J«rf« 
tina, born ^«ly 27, 1734; and 5. 
Louifa Maria, born July 15, 1737, 
The late queen of France's cha- 
rader, from the Paris Gazette ; 
•• The moft . eminent virtae, a 
conibHit and folid piety, diredledafl 
the anions of her life ; her attach- 
»€iit and refped for the king ; her 
tfcndcmefs to her children ; her kind- 
nefs to all who had the honour to 
ferye or approach her; her zeal Bar 
religion; her inexhaufHble charity; 
all concur to render her Ms forever 
fenfible, and her memory erer dear> 
to the king, the royal fiimily, the 
whole nation* Poland, who faw 
herbtrth, will participate the lively 
and jaft regret of France, where 
Jhe reigned a long Aicceffion of 
years. The redgnation fhe '(hewed 
to the decrees of Providence, during 
the courfc of a lon^ ilinefs, under 
•which flie fell, continued to the laft 
noment of her life.'* 

The queen has defired, in her 
•will, that the funeral maybe pen- 
formed with as little ceremony as 
^oiliblc; and that her heart may be 
carried to the borpng place of the 
king and ^ueen of Poland, her fa>- 
tbtr and mother. 

LMbon^ June It. Thetthtnft. 



bdng ills moft Faithfal majefijr*! 
birth-day, who then completed the 
5|th year of his age, was cdebrat'* 
«d with all demOiiftratioofi of joy» 
The court wat r^ery nameroas and 
brilliant at the pahice of Ajoda on 
that occaftoKi; and don Lewis ^ 
Cunhayfecretalyof ftate,gavea very 
folendid entertainment to many of 
the nobility, and to the mintHcrs ctf" 
the foreign princes reiiding iiere. 

On the 9.h, near half an hour 
paft twoo^iotk ill the afternooo^ft 
very fmart fliock of an earthquake' 
was felt in thi* city, which created 
fiichan alarm, that mauy people hin 
out of their houfeh into ink ArtcUi 
but it has done no damage. 

They write from Cambridge, that 
on Tucfday laft an elegant Latin 
letter, drawn up by kM orator, was 
fent, by order of the fenate, lO the 
hon. Mr. Chai les York, to thank 
him for his great important fc. vices 
to the univeriity, particularly iti 
having formerly pleaded oor citule 
ib fucrefsfuUy, as ro eRablift oor 
privilege of printing books in Iskv^, 
and ail other faculties ; tmd having 
juft now proved an effe6loa. advo- ' 
catc for us in the great Downing 
caafr, whereby in eltate of 4000!. 
a year is fecured to the oniverfity^ 
fen- building and endowing a new 
college ; and for the many other 
figna* proofs he has freqtiently given 
of hi% zeal and attacttment to the 
inteieft of that univerfity. 

Mary Hindes^ for the ^ 
wilful mordet of a child of •^^• 
three years old, by drowning it m 
St. James's Park, was efceouted at 
Tyburn. 

During the cooi'ie jcn nie prcfent 
unofith, ct>nfider3ble tkrmttge haa 
!>een done %y ilmnder ana lirfit- 
ning, in diPci c nt parts t)Fnhe kSig* 

dom* 



For the YEAR 1768^. [133 

dovk Th« fmitsof fihc eartli have permits then to fit dnnritw anddit 

(ulered jprodigioofly* both in thct penfes them from the trouble of 

field ana in gardens : the hops« in drei&iiff her with their own hiuidi.^ 

flMny ^Uces, h^v^ b^eti bbded; . On Saturday U(l». his royalhigh* 

the apple-trees damaged ; and evea nefs the duke of Combetlaivd watt 

theciover-gtadi blighted. The rains to Woolwich* ia hiff anifarm, at 

have like wife fwelled the rivers in midlhipman^ and was entered oa 

aaay ^la^^ ; th< neadows kave boacd the Veno^ frigate of tkittf* 

bceo overflowed^ and thfi grafr fix guns. His royal ^^hnefir was at* 

ipoiled^ biftW what is ftill of worfe tended by capuin fiatringtoa^ who 

coofequencey the forward wheat*. it commands int]>eVemtaL;and we hcaie 

is feared* has fuffered confiderably* ihe is deilined for the Mediterrai* 

not only by being Udd* but by the oeaor from whence fhe will rentm 

fiul nu&ibrtune that has attended it about Chrifimas neact. 

hr two years pad, by washing off the > A few days agOt a young clergy- 

floor* or what the natnraii^ call the man» who had mii&d of the nrem'* 

fsiioa, by which it is impregnatedn aient that he expelled in thecnon:h« 

and without which the ear, thongk enlilled as a foldier in one oi dK 

£lirtod^eye9isoaly;Miemptyhtt&«r rtgi menu of foot guards. 

What b^emarkabie^ the cherries on TJhey write, from Rome,, that 24 

tke trees, that were advanced t^ perfons crofling the Tiber theiie*. ia 

phunpoefs* inflead -of ripening* order t&.Mrait the-, arrival of the 

have become dckly and withered queen of Naples^ the boat, in whick 

off| in (hort, the feafon feems cri* they were, iunk^ and eigiitaen ef 

tkal* and the ihew for plenty not them were drowned^ 

yet to be relied apon. . Thereis now living iathe Qolden 

Letters firomAniberg* in Bavaria* Vale, near lLiik(amy> ialreiancf^ 

'^ted luoe 3* mention^ that on the one Mr. Butler* cekced to the Or«> 

lift of the preceding pooth, a girl mond family, aged 132, wha wxUoi 

of thirteen years of aeewas behea(^* well, and mounts hxskorfe wich great 

td foe the murder of two children* agility. He has a fion now .iiving* 

One four, the other iix years of age* who was bom when, his fuher was 

^ lor comn^itting divers thefts« exactly 72 years of age. 

Theele^toralcouncilof Munich en- They write from Cork, that a 

joiaed, that ail the children from poor woman* wife of one Daly^-Jl 

die fchools at Amberg ihoald be comber and weaver, was. b oo oght 

tondttfied near to the place of exe- to faedofa fon,.yefterday of another,! 

Utioa* to cake warning by this ex- and this day of a danghter : wIuh 

•male of fcverity. with the mother* are likdy to do 

A letter from Naf^es* d^ted the well. It is remarkable* that this 

SiH of May* (ays* '* Every body woman was laft year deTiveredof 

V^m the a&ibiJity of the queen i the fame number ^-and within throo 

^ the ladies of bimoiir* efpecially* years has had eight children. 

^ not fall (hort in the encomiums On WedneCday. lafl* die widool 

^herBiaj<l^*£COBde£ceniton*whos Harris, of Hill farm, in Berk/hirr^ 

^ fromfubjediQg them* according who is near 90*' asd hai bern blind 

^ cafioQ^ 10 ftaf|ff m licv prefence» theft ten yeara^was. married to kca 

plough* 



«34] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



ploughmsur, aftout ycuirgiellbw of 
twenty. 

Died.] At her lodgings on Tow- 
er-hill, Mrs. Ellher Clafidge, a 
maiden Izdy, who had never been 
out of Jicr chamber for thif ty years: 
A difappointment ki love was the 
firft occafion of her'reclufe life. 
' At his lodgings at I Aington« aged 
upwards of oo, Jonathan Weather- 
ley, £fq. formerly a merchant of 
this-city. 

. At his lodgings in Bedford-row, 
aged 95, Paul I^mpre, Efq. 

In the 78th ^ear x)f his age, Ri- 
chard Aibby,£fq. timber-merchant 
in Oxford-road, who has left a great 
fortune behind him. 

Mr. Richard Wallace, aged 849 
many years a hat-manufad^urer in 
Southward. 

Aged 90, at his houfe near Dul- 
wich, Henry Marihal, Efq. late » 
dry-falter, in the Borpugh. 

Of a canine madnefs, Mr. Jacob 
Perrot, glafs-polUher in Hoi bourn. 
About 18 months a^o, he was bit 
by a dog in Chelsea- fiel ds ; bat, 
though advifed, took little care of 
the wound ; and a few days ago he 
was feized with the hydrophobia, 
which foon carried him off in great 
agonies. 

At hb houfe, near Hatfield, aged 
82, William Selwin, £fq. who was 
foiBKrly a candidate for the place of 
chamberlain of the city of London, 
in competition with fir John Bof- 
worth; but the latter being chofen 
by a very fmall majority, Mr. ScU 
win wat foon after appointed receiv- 
er of the land tax for thi«cicy. 

At Wcftbi^y-grecn, in Effex, 
fiinner John Pearce, in the 103d 
year of his age. 

Lately, in the Ue of Wight, 
Hged 95, Jofepb Downdes, Efq. 



many years a contrador to icrve fft^ 
navy with pork* 

At Hoxton, aged 90, the rev. 
Mr. Samuel Pancburt, a diifenting 
minii^cr* 

Near Tuam, in Ireland, Catha- 
rine Noon, othcrwife Moon^, 
aged 136 yeary. Her httfband, who 
died but a few years (ince,had Uv« 
ed to the age of 1 tS years, leaving- 
a numerous ifTue. 

JULY. . 

The lightning, for many ^^ 
miles round London, was 
very dreadful ; but the thunder was 
not fo loud or terrible as it hath fre- 
quently been heard on occafions Ms 
awful. . One or two perfons, on the 
roads lading to London, were 
ih-uck dead ; but the eflfcfts in' ge- 
neral, were much lefs fatal than 
from the appearance there was rea- 
fon toexpcfl. 

An order of council was this day 
publilhed, forbidding the governor 
of Nova Scotia firom paSing any 
grants for lands in hismajelVy's iilana 
of St. John, unlefs his majefty*s or- 
der of council, direfting the fame; 
(hall be produced to him, on or be- 
fore the I ft day of May, 1769. A 
number of noblemen and gentfemetr 
are to have townfhips in this iiland, 
there being the greateft probability 
of its becoming a flouriming fcttle- 
ment. 

Thurfday came on, before lord 
chief juftice Wilmot, in the court 
of common pleas, at Guildhall, a . 
trial, wherein a baker was 
plaintiff, and a pawnbroker de- 
fendant. The adion was brought 
for defamatory \<rords, the de- 
fendant telling the plaintiff feve- 
ral times at a public houfe, that 
he was an old f c . The jury, 

without 



'fdr the YEAR-r^eS. 



ins 



withoatgoiiij^ Oatof court, brought 
in a vcrdid for the plaintiF, witk 
looL danUges. 
. In the great ilorm laH 

niglit, a leaiden ftatue, in the 
gtrdeikor^ geotleman at Camber- 
well, was melted by JightniDg> and 
tedaccd to a heap of drofs. 

The water of the river Thames 
wa& (o much driven out of its ufual 
cbinieU above bridge, as is not re* 
membered by the oldeil man liv- 
ing : one half of the bed of the ri- 
ver remaining uncovered with: water 
t»o tides. . 

The king of Denmark arrived at 
Utrecht in the night between Mon* 
<ity and Tuefday laft. His majeily 
declined the honours offered him, 
and the deputation of the ilates of 
chat province, which waited on him 
«A Tatfday morning ; but was 
pitafcd to receive the gentlemen 
vho compofed i t on the footing of a 
prirate viii;, and to admit them to 
tiiekonourof dining with hi nk His 
mjefly went on Wednefday to Am- 
iicrdam,by water; and has figniiicd 
U« intention of going to the Hague 
OD the 4th inilant. Baron de Chouf- 
fes has notified to the minillers of 
thf States, his maJeAy's earnell de- 
fire to remain incognito, and to be 
treated as a private gentleman. 
^ At the fe^ions of the 

^* peace, at. Guildhall, a wo- 
Bun was tried foraiTuitingMr. £m- 
&eiton« conllable of St. Bride's pa- 
nih. He had taken her into cuftody 
kt bawling '* Wilkes and ^ berty," 
vhea, for his folly, (he faid Ihe 
wooJd take the liberty to break his 
keui ; which ihe accordingly did. 
The jury found her guilty, and the 
court fined her one fmliing. 

The nxiniHers of Vienna, France, 
^'m, Naples, and Lilbon, at the 
court of Rome^ have compUined 



to the Pope of the brief lately iffiied 
out againil the infant duke of Par- 
ma, and even enforced their com^ 
plaincb with'threats, if a revocation 
of that brtefwas not complied with'; 
his holinefs replied, that^what he 
had done was in difcharge of a good 
confcience, and in conformity to2he 
oath he had taken to defend the 
rightsof the holy church ; that as he 
was upon the verge of life, he hoped 
to appear before the Almighty^ 
tribunal, not as. a. pei^ured, bot a 
righteousfovereign; thatnoearthly 
coniidecations, not even the ihed- 
ding of his blood, ihould pervert 
him^rom his duty ; and that he had 
taken his refolution, and was pre- 
pared againU the worlt. To put the 
firmnefs of his holinefs, ^wever, to 
the trial, the French have taken pof- 
feiHon of Avignon, on one fide, and 
the court of Naples^of^enevento on 
the other; and to accommodate the 
difference between tbe contending 
parties, his Sardinian Inajefly has 
offered liis mediation. 

Lad Wednefday, a noble lady fent 
loool. to Draper 's-hall, by an aU 
dermau of this city, for the benefit 
of tbe Magdalen charity. 
' They write from the frontiers of 
Poland, that the RufTian troops feem 
at length to carry all before them. 
The confederates have loll near 4000 
men by the taking of Sar. Up- 
wards of 2C0O have undergone the 
fame fate, by attempting to relieve 
the town of Brzedeyckzew. Sixty- 
nine cannon, 10 mortars, and fix 
ilandards, are the trophies of the 
vidors. 

Extrad of a letter from Gibraltar, 
dated June 6. 

*• Our friends the Moors au-c 
fully determined to enhance the du- 
ties on all provifions exported for 
this garrifoD» and arp getting read v 

all 



»30 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



aD tfeir cniizento wttch the coaft 
wkere they apprehend aoy trade hat 
bcea carried 9 asd have a£bred the 
gonretnot thatt they will feize apon 
all fach Tcffeb and people as may 
be met with on the coaft, eaftwar^ 
of Tetuan, as £ur as the Algerine 



'ith '^^ grand jorjr of the 

' ' county of Midale(cx fbtnxd 
a bill for wilfal murder arain)^ Ssh' 
aioel. Gillam» t{q. one of the juf* 
tices whogave order to the third re- 
giment of guards to fire oa the rio- 
ters, on the loth of May» in St. 
George's Fields. 

The Y»U6t ended at the Eafi In* 
dia<«hoaie on the following qneftion : 
^Thac ordersbeforthwith (ent to the 
governor and council of Bengal, for 
the immedsaie payment, out of the 
revenues of Bengal, Bahar, and 
Orixa, of wlyit remains unpaid of 
the reftitution-money of Meer Jaf- 
£cr, to the feveral perfons to whom 
it is doe, according to their claims^ 
as admitted by the committee for- 
anerly appointed for. that purpoTe, 
whether fuch claims are found to 
arife from loAes in trade, of falts^ 
beetle-nut, or tobacco, or not/' 
When the numbers were : for the 
qaefHoo, 1 1 ; ; a^inft it, 223. 

Orders were ifliicd for a court 
aonming, for the late oueen of 
France, to commence on the 10th, 
tndendon the alt. 

They write from Dublin, that it 
is computed that the expences of 
tleding members for the enfuing 
parliament will amount to more than 
Bve hundred thoufand pounds. 
^ , Seven prifoners were capi- 
^^^' taUy conviOed at the Old Bai- 
lev, viz. John Grainger, Daniel 
CJarke, alias Clarie, Richard Corn- 
wall, Patrick Lynch, Thomas Mur- 
ray, Peter Flaharty, and Nicholas 



M^abe, fevea of tile coal-kcavei% 

an an indiAaent for fe^ooionfly^ 
wilfully, and m^licioofly i^oodag 
at Mr. Green, the mafter of the 
Round-about tavern, in Shadwell* 
—The trial lalted 6rom nine in tha 
montisg till paft ftrar ia the after- 
noon. 

The corporation of Ayleftary 
have erected a flag opoa the town* 
hall, withan infcriptioaof <' Wilkes 
and liberty,*' in gold letters. 

The prince and princefs of Orange 
went 00 Saturdav laft from Amfter* 
dam to Utrecht by water, and from 
thence 10 Soefdyck, where their, 
highnefies were in good health by 
the laft accounts ; and from tkeaca 
they are to go to Loo, where the 
king of Pratta it to be on Monday 
next. 

The States-General have ient a 
deputation, whichfet out this morn- 
ing, to compliment hisPmfliaama- 
}eSy at Wefcl. 

The late queen of France vaspof- 
feiTed of a real eftate of 1^0,000 li- 
vres a year, befides annuities to the 
amount of 200,000. Hermajeftyhas 
exprefsly named in her will all the 
pcrons belonging to her honfehold, 
to whom (he Aas left legacies ; and 
among other bequefts has eiven an 
annuity of 3000 livres to M. daln 
Sone, her phyfician. She has iiio 
left a penfion of two thoufand crowns 
to her confeflbr ; and has afligoed a 
part of her annuity, which the king 
permitted her to difpofe of, fo' ^ 
niChing the edifice defined for the 
Carmelites of Compeigne, who, 
agreeable to her intention, are to ba 
removed to Verfailles. 

On /butting apthi fhf' ^ 
houfe inCovent-Garden, at the ' 
end of the feafon,admlffioB into th^ 
theatre having been denied to MeC 

H— and R— through any othe^ 

pafiage 



tor the YEAR 1768. 



h37 



ptkftr %nt Mr. Powdl't houfb, 
diMife gentlemen, at^e hetd of a 
hftepoie 09 tlie 1 7th of kS month, 
Bttoea forcible entry* hy breaking 
•l^a ft window near the phiyihoufc 
Mor in Hart«Areet t after which 
•hef expelled bf violence^ Mr. Sar* 
geant^ the hoofe-keeper, all hit fa* 
wafyt und, ocherB ; but the ading 
iHBigers, not bebg inclined to fnb^ 
■a 10 the arlntrarv proceedings of 
their colieamet* immediately ap* 
plied for re&t^f where rcdren was 
cfiDftmlly to be had^ and this day 
^Bfwmrc formally expelled by vir- 
tneof a warrant from nnder the hand 
tad leal xif the high fiiesi& of Lon- . 
dn. and Middkiex ; aind the old 
boBfe^keepcr, Mr. Serjeant, reftored 
t« his t&ce and trafU to the great 
Bortification of one of the champi* 
oos^ who had been heard to fay, 
*^ That he had now got pofiaffion^ 
and d*-« him if he wooftd not keep 
it while he had a drop of blood ia 
hit body, and while there wag 6ue 
brick nnon another belonging to 
tBehoaie^*' 

' This morning faftgan at the Old 
Btilcy, t^ trial of^aes Marpby, 
onaaiadi&nent* againft him for fe- 
ioDionflyaiknktng John Eeatie, a 
watffman^sapprentice (in the attack 
of th^ coal-Jutavers npon the failors 
at Shadwell), and wounding him 
*tthiaitlafs> of whickhe laneoiih- 
tdfbrabooc teii»day»t ana then 
^ied> and againft Jamet Daggan» 
John CofltUo, Thomas Keimion, 
abs Keams». }ames Hammond, 
Hwrnas Davb, Thomas Farmer, 
HigkUenly, and Malachi Doyle, 
for beia^ prefenc, aiding, abetting, 
^ni coMOftinr thefaid Jan«» Mur- 
phy tn the Ciid murder^ when Mnf- 
phy andDoggan were oonviaed, 
tU itft were acq nit^da^^The uial 



lafted from nine in theinoming tiU 
almoft feven in the evening. 

This morning the two coal- \ 
heavers were executed kt Ty- 
bum, according to th^ fentencii, 
and their bodies delivered to the 
fargeons to be anatomized. 

Came on at the Old Bailey th^ 
trial ofSamuelGillam, ef()^ charged 
with the murd(dr bf William Red- 
bum, who was Chot in &t. George's* 
fields by the fbldiers at the riot at 
the king's bench on the 16th of 
May, he having given tii<; order to 
the foldiers to fire. He was ac« 
quitted without going into his de^- 
rente, and the court granted him a 
copy of liis indiAment. The court 
was ttACommonly fullapon this oc* 
cafion. Mr. Gillam was drefled in 
black fhll- trimm/ed, and wore a tye- 
wig ; a chair was ordered for hioi 
ckde to the coonfel, and during the 
conrfe of his trial he once fainted 
away.— ^ir Fletcher Norton, the 
a^SQimey and folicitor ^general, oti 
the part of Mr. Gillam; and Mr. 
ferjeant Glynn, and Mr. Lucas, ga 
the part of the profecution. 

The feffions of the jOld Bai- , . 
ley, which te^an on Wed- '^t^* 
nefday the 6th, ended, when twelve 
criminals, including the two coalr 
heavers alre^dymentioned, received 
fentence of death ; among whom 
was Philip Blake, ibr (hooting Phil- 
lis Ewen with a pidol in the neck 
with intent to kill, (he having fome 
time before profecuted him at tha 
Old Baiky for marrying her, hie 
firft wife being dlU living. 

Twenty con vitls appeared at the 
bar, to plead his Majcfiy's pardon^ 
on condition, fome of traafportatioit 
for life, fome for 14 yeitf^ and 
fome for 7 oaly. 



f$t) 



ANNUAL RBGISTER 



At tlut feffiORj nineteen were upon which the cofin wis di(co* 
fentenced to be tranfported for vered* Thas the hdbind had 
feven y^ars; four were Wnded in 20L per ann* for keeping a dend 
the hand ; four ordered to be pab« and quiet wife upon earth. 
iidv, and two privately whipped ; Was held a court at Chrift'k 
ana nine were delivered on pro* hofpital, when the j^refident de- 
clamation, dared that a benefafnon of 200L 

It is remarkable* that in the late had been received from Richard 
yrofecation carried on in the name Crop, efq; and a benefaction of 
of the crown againft Samuel Gil- 200 guineas from Thomas Han- 
lam, efq; for giving orders for iir- bey, efq; whereupon the thanks of 
ing at the late maflacre in St. the court were ordered to be g^- 
GeorgeVfields, the attorney and ven, and ftaffs to be fent, to thofe 
folicitor-general, and Sir Fletcher gentlemen. 
Norton, as well as the folicitor of Accounts received by yeflerday's 
the treafury and hb deputy, ap* Flanders mail mention, that the 
pearedybr Mr. Gillam. prance of inoculation for the 

The city of London never had a fmall-pox has been lately intro- 

chief magifbrate in the privy conn- duced at Rome, where the prince 

cil fince the time of fir William de Braciano has undergone *thc 

Walworth, who, in the reign of operation with great fuccefs. 

Richard the fecond, killed the fa- Letters from Germany inform, 

mous Wat Tyler, then at the head that the princes William Augnihit 

of a numerous force in oppofition and Frederick-Lewis, of HoLRein, 

to the government. in Gottorp, have been inocuUted 

A dreadful lire burnt down Lon- by Dr. Haller. 

don honfe, formerly the refidence They write from Peteriburgh* 

of the biflipps of London, inAl- that the fmail-pox was very rife 

derfgate-ftreet, now occupied by and fatal there, which had occa- 

Mr. Seddon, one of the moft iioned the emprels, and the grand 

eminent cabinet-makers in Lon- duke her A>n, to fiop at Czariko- 

don. The damage is ciomputed at Zelo, ^ in/lead of proceeding di- 

20,oool. ^ ^ re^y to that city. Thecountefi 

A woman was burled in St. SchremetofF was carried off by that 

George's, Hanover-fquare, who had diftemper, a few days before ihe 

been dead 19 years. The reafon of was to have been married to the 

her being fo long unburiedwas,fome count de Panin, grand mailer of 

years ago a near relation of hers th^ court. 

died, who left her 2 5 1, per ann. They write from Paris, that the 

as long as fhe remained upon earth, king has declared that the perfons 

as exprcflcd in the will : her fur- who were in the fervice of the late 

viving hu(band rented a little room queen, fliall continue to enjoj 

over a liable near South Audley- tneir falaries and other emolumenta 

Jlreet for 5I. per and. and there during their lives. 

Jhe has remained in a very decent Was held the quarterly gfr- 

coffin all that time. The huloand be- neral court of the governors Of 

log dead, the landlord of the room the Britifli lying-in-hofpital for 

wanted to make an dtcratiouf married woacflb in firownlow* 

ftreety 



n 



For the YEAR 1768. 



['39 



hett, Long-acrcj at Which it ap« 
pcarcd, that from the 7th of De- 

ceiiiber» 1749* ^^^ ^'"^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ 
admitdng womcn> to the day of 
holdiog the (aid court* 8266 wo- 
men had received orders of admif- 
fion into this hofpital, great part 
of which namber were the wives 
of foldif rs and Tailors, the reft the 
wives of reduced tradefmen* poor 
mechanics! labourers, &c. 

A woman» aged 70, who had 
not been married above a month 
to a young man» aged 2^, hanged 
berielf in a fit of jealoafy, dear 
Hoogerford-market. 

Naples, Tone 24. On- Sunday 
Kt count Kattnitz> by order of 
tke emprefs queen, gave a moft . 
Bagttificent ball, after having dif* 
tribaced to the populace 40,000 
filrcr coins of her Sicilian ma jefty, 
ahout the &zc of ihilling^ and fix- 
puces. The great duke of Tuf- 
cxoy was prefcnt at this donation, 
aad the money was thrown by 
count ^unitz and her royal high- 
ael?i attendants. The great 
^keis, having been (lightly in- 
^fpofed, was not at count Kau- 
aitz^s entertainment. On Wed- 
teShj coont Kaunits likewife, by 
order oftli^ €mprefs» gives a mafk- 
^ baQ ; acTdf on Sunday next, M. 
OementSy the Spanifh minifter, 
V order of his catholic Majefty, 
^jpve a concert and ball to the 
Bobiaty, and a cucagna to the po- 
^ilace. 

^j^ It having been reprefcnted 
^^ to the king, that, notwith- 
faifing tht w3l-adapted plan, 
which the moft principal of the 
ttaimfaAorers in Spitalnelds are at 
tUs time pnrfuing, with the nt 
Ml vigour, for the benefit and 
^itiifia£bon of their journeymen in 
*^ branch of the trade, yet a 



rreat number of evil-difpofcd per- 
lons, armed with piftols, cutlaiTes, 
and other ofifenfive weapons, and 
in difguife, aiTembled themfelves 
together about the hour of twelve, 
in the night of the 26th day of the 
laft month, and broke open and 
entered the dwelling-houfes and 
ihops of feveral journeymen wea- 
vers in and near Spital fields afore- 
iaid, and, after putting them in 
corporal fear and danger of their 
lives, cut to pieces and dedroyed 
the filk works then manufadlunij^g 
in nine different looms there, be- 
loning to Mr. John Baptift He- 
bert, of Steward-ftreet, Spitaifields, 
the damage whereof is very con- 
fiderable : his Majefty's mofl gra- 
cious pardon, and a reward of two 
hundred pounds, are offered for 
the difcovery of the offenders. 

This morning the feven coal- 
heavers, capitally convi£^ed for 
(hooting at Mr. Green, were con- 
veyed from Newgate in three 
carts, to the Sun- tavern-fields. 
Shad well, and there executed pur- 
fuant to their fentence. One be- 
ing a proteftant, went in the fird 
cart, attended by a gentleman of 
Mr. Wellejr's peifuafion, and ap- 
peared quite refigned : the other 
ix in the two following carts, who 
read with feemingly great fervency 
and devotion. They were all re- 
markably ftout well-made men> 
«nd much excited the pity of an 
incredible number* of fpe€t^ioTs', 
who were aflcmbled m the ftreetSj 
as well as at all the window , &c. 
in the places through which they 
pafied. They were pre>:cdcd by 
the two Iherife, attended bv the 
under- iheriffs, and a prodir^ious 
number of peace officers. A guard 
of three hundred foldier^ did duty 
about Wappififf, Shad well, &c. 
[Kz] but 



I4«>1 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



boc tltere was no need of their af* 
finance, not the lead attempt being 
made to refcoe the malcfadors. 
At the place of execution M'Cabe 
declared he never fired off muf- 
quet or pidol in his life* 

Friday iail the moil noble the 
narquis of Titchfield, the new- 
born fon and heir of his grace the 
duke of Portland^ was baptized at 
his grace's houfe in Charies-ftreet, 
Berkley-fquare, by the name of 
William. The fponfors were, his 
grace the duke of Newcaftle in 
pcrfon, his grace the duke of De- 
vonihire by proxy» her grace the 
duchefs dowager of Portland, and 
her grace the duchefs dowager of 
DevonOiire. 

, Philip Blake> for /hooting 
^ at Philiis Ewen; was execut- 
ed at Tyburn. He was a grave 
looking old man^ about 60 years 
of age, and was by trade a gardener. 
Eweny after his condemnation, is 
/aid to have ufed every pofltble en- 
deavour to fave his life, and not 
fucceeding, is gone out of her 
inind» though ihe was the only 
profecutrixy as well for ingamy as 
for (hooting at btr with intent to 
Jtill. 

Letters from Ratifl)onne bring 
an account of the death of the ce- 
lebrated Abbe Winckelman, in the 
following tragical manner. Be- 
ing at Triefte, on his return to 
Rome from Vienna, where he had 
been at the inviution of their im- 
perial Majcflies, from whom he 
had received the greateft favours, 
a ftranger who lodged with him 
in the fame inn, and had uken 
great pains to infinuate himfelf 
into his acquainunce, defired one 
morning to fee three medab of 
gold, which had been prefented to 
the abbe by the cmpcron While 



the good old man was opening t 
chefl in order to ihew them to 
him, the ftranger endeavoured, 
from behind, to throw a cord with 
a flip-knot about his neck ; but 
the cord faftening on his chin, the 
villain then drew a dagger, and 
ftabbed the poor abbe m feven 
places, five of which proved mor- 
tal. His valet ran in at the noife ; 
but the fellow knocked him down 
and made his efcape, and is not 
yet difcovered. The abbe was 
not only the greateft antiquarian 
in Europe, but as much diltin- 
guiihed alfo for his knowledge in 
all other parts of learning, and 
no lefs efteemed for his amiable 
temper. 

The villain, who committed 
this inhuman murder, was fine* 
taken up on the frontiers of Car- 
niola, as a deferter, and imroedi* 
ately coofciTed himfelf the author 
of that horrid a£l. He was born 
at Piiloya in Tufcany, his name 
Francis Archangeli ; and was exe« 
cuted on the 20th of July before 
the houfe where he commuted the 
murder ; for further particulars 
fee the appendix. 

Extradl of^ a letter from Bofton, in 
New England, dated June aoth. 
** A few days ago a fhallop 
laden with wine arrived in thu 
port ; it was never properly en- 
tered at the cuftom-houfe, but, as 
ufual, a tide-waiter went on board. 
The captain in vain tampered with 
the tide-waiter to betray his truft ; 
he therefore had recourfe to vio- 
lent methods, and forcing the tide* 
waiter into the cabbin, locked him 
op. In the mean time he onloaded 
the Ihallop without oppofition. 
The captain, over-heating himfdf 
in the exploit, died in a few hoars. 
Aftciwardsj without any proj^er 

BOtlCt 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[141 



■otice being given at the cuftom- 
lioufe, oil uas put on board. The 
vcffel was therefore feized by Mr. 
Hairifon the colledor> ana Mr. 
Hoi well the comptroller ; and, for 
fcer better fecnrity, was put along- 
£de the Romney man of war» 
lyiar in this harbour* till the affair 
coold be determined by a court 
of admiralty. But in the mean 
time a mob aflembled> beat Mr. 
Hirrifon and his fon, and Mr. 
Holwelly fo that they narrowly 
escaped with their lives. Mr. Ir- 
win » the infpedor of exports and 
imports » was like wife affaulted, 
i&d had his fword broke. But it 
^id coc end here ; the mob feized 
a very fine plcafure-boat of Mr. 
Harrifon's, dragged it through 
the ftreftts, and at lafl burnt it 
before Mr. Hancock's door. They 
likcwife did confiderabl6 damage 
to the houfe of Mr. Williams^ the 
ipTpeftor-general. In this fitua- 
tioa» the commiifioners and others 
belonging A the office, for their 
owa fccurity, went on board the 
ttia of war> and are, for the con- 
▼etiicncy of carrying on their bu- 
fincfii, going to CafUe William, 
> fortified place, on a fmall ifland 
ficiag the town, till they are pro- 
perly proteded by a military force, 
▼hich it is imagined will foon 
4.we from Halifax or New York. 
The inhabitants have had feveral 
acctings, and the generality of 
them are determined to oppafe the 
impofcd duties. They have adu- 
tlly declared, that the commiffio- 
ifTs (hall never again come aihore. 
la ihon, we feem to be on the 
«vc of a general infarredion ; all 
owing to the turbulent fpirit of 
fopolarity in fome principal men 
w the town, who lead on the im- 
plidt mob,- bawlinj liberty, who 



at the fame time cannot fee that 
they are farming their own fetters. 
What approbation thefe proceed- 
ings will meet with.on your fide 
the water, I am at a lois to fay ; 
but, nnlefs fomething be fpeedily 
done to enforce law, univerfal 
anarchy and confufion mud en* 
fue." 

We learn from Montferrat, that 
three of the negroes concerned in 
the late intended infurredion had 
fuffered the rack, two were burn- 
ed, one gibbeted, and one hanged, 
befides others that deftroyed them- 
felves; that feveral more were 
tried, and found guilty, but fen^* 
tence was not pafled ; and that 70 
or 80 flill remained on board the 
veffels in the harbouf in or4er for 
trial. 

On Sunday the loth inffamt was 
buried at Egton, ne^ Whitby» 
Mr. William Keld, farmer and 
grazier, who, from a very fmall 
fortune, acauired an eflate worth 
near 30,0001. which he generoufly 
difhibuted among his poor re* 
lations and dependents. At his 
funeral were expended no do2ea 
of penny loaves, 8 large hams» 
8 legs of veal, 20 ftone of beef 
[14Tb. to the done J, 16 flone of 
mutton, 15 flone ofChelhire cheefe, 
and 50 ankers of ale, befides 
what was diflributed to about 
looo' poor people, who had fix«> 
pence each in money given them. 

The foUowin? melancholy acci* 
dent happened lately at Howgill, 
near Wigton, in Comberland :-«« 
One George Cape, attending a 
Hme-kiln, naving occafion to flep 
upon the top of it, the Ume-flones 
gave way, and he was let in abov* 
his waii(, in fnch a manner, that 
though he had an iron crow in 
his hand, he cpald fender himiblf 

[S 3j no 



J 41] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



no afliflance : foon after {everal 
p-ople attempted to relieve him; 
but the more they endeavoured 
to raife him. the ftonts acting as 
wedges, be became the fafter» ia- 
fomuch that he was obliged to re* 
main in that deplorable iitoation* 
growing every moment more fen- 
Sble of his approaching difTolu* 
tion, while numbers were crowding 
round him. At lafl he a&ed for 
a little water, which being 
brought, he drank it, when im- 
mediately his mouth contradied^ 
and he foon after expired. The 
next day no remains were to be 
found but his (Lull. 

A gentleman dt Aberdeen has 
found out the following method of 
making y<bft ;— -He took a green 
oak, K?en feet long, and about 
two inche?* diametei* at the root ; 
^fter ftripiing off the bark, he 
caufed it to be twifled till the 
fibres feparated like threads : he 
then coiled it up, put it into a 
veffel, pouring in as much frefh 
yeafl as covered ic, and left it to 
ibak for twodny»: he then took 
it out, and hung it up in an airy 
garret to dry for about three 
months t after which he took it 
down, put it into a covered veflel, 
^nd poured in a few pints of wort^ 
lukewarm ; in eight hours the 
wort brgan to ferment, and in fix- 
teen l»Qurs thereafter he found the 
vcflel full of fine frefh barm fit for 
immediate ufe. The coil muft be 
hung up again to dry, after ufing 
it a?" above, and it will retain its 
virtue many years. 

Ther« has been lately fent over 
from Quebec fome curious fpcci- 
jncns of white iron ore difcovered 
iix that country —-This kind of 
min.^ral very mvca attracks the 
attention of the cuiiousj as iron 



ore is very feldon), or ever, found 
of that colour. 

They write from Charles-town, 
that on S\indy, May ift> the Ca-r 
tawba Indians had notice that a 
party of the Shawanefe» who luive 
been long their enemies^ had beea 
feen near their town> on whick 
they immediately raifed a pa»ty 
to^o out againfl the enemy, witb 
whom they came np next mom* 
ing, and found them to be fevea 
in number, and all afleep ; the 
Catawbas immediately fired, and 
killed three on the fpot, and took 
three prifoners ; one efcaped 
wounded, but has fmce been found 
dead in the woods; Among the 
prifoners is the Indian who killed 
king Haggler ; they were all de- 
livered to the families who have 
had their relations killed by the 
Shawanefe* who put them to death 
in the inhuman oarharous manner 
common to the Indian nations* 
One of the prifoners was very 
youne, and pleaded hard for hia 
life, begging them to confider his 
tender age, aiTuring them he was 
brought up by his brother againil 
his own inclinations, and that he 
had never killed or hprt any body ; 
but nothing could prevail. 

A letter from Philadelphia, da« 
ted June 2, informs, that John 
Allen and Jofeph Shippen^ junior, 
efqrs* c. mmiffioners from that pro^ 
vince, at the conferences lately 
held at Pitfburgh, with the Weil- 
em Indians, under the dire^pn of 
George Croghan^ efq; deputy 
agent for Indian zffk\n, are re- 
turned to Philadelphia $ and con- 
firms the accoi^nt lately mendoned 
of a treaty of peace having been 
amicably fettled there with a veiy 
numerous body of Indians of diN 
ferent nations^ and adds farther^ 
. I that 



For the YEAR 1768. ^143 

chat at the conclufion of the treaty time« with all the defired faccefs^ 
the commiffioners delivered confi- In fhort, (he recovered her ^ht 
dcrable prefents of goods to the withoat any other remedy, Tl^^ 
ieveral tribes, on behalf of the widow Germain is in her, fifty- 
province of PennTylvaiua : to third year. She had hten pro*, 
which Mr, Croghan made an ad- noanced blind by the fnrgeons of 
didon on* the part of the crown, the Hotel Dieu ; and her blindnoft 
The whole ended to the entire and care have been attefted by 
iacisfadion of all the Indians^ who order of the lieutenant general of 
parted with the commiffi^ners in police ; (he fees ftronger and clearer 
fb friendly a difpofition, as pro- now than before the accident. The 
fQJfei the faireft profped of a laft- gall of the barbel has fince been 
iag peace. pat on the eyes of a iog and « 
One of the Paris news-papers cat; they appeared immediately to 

£*fes an account of an extraordi- feel acnte pain, and their eyes 

nrcure, effeded by the gall of ^ were inflamed for three dap; bat 

btrbdy in a cafe of blinoneis; in afterwards retnmed to their nata* 

SMance as follows : A journey- rai ftate. BihUotheqtn des/cienca. 

Ata watchmaker named Cenfier, His Majeftpr's yacht the a • 

hiviag heard that the gall of a bar- Mary« captain wampbell« 

bd wu the remedy which Tobias failed on Tuefday morning from 

emoloyed to cure his father's blind- l>eptford for Calais, to bring over 

"^t refolved to try its effeds on the prince of Travandahl to £ns- 

the widow Germain hu mother-in- land ; fhe is to be at Calais by the ' 

law, whofe eyes had for fix months 3d of next months and. it is ex« 

been aAided with ulcers, and co« peded the prince will embark the 

vered with a film* which rendered next day. 

her totally blind : Cenfier, having Amongft the late rejoicings at 

obtained the gall of that fi(h» Naples, the public were entertain* 
^ueezed the liquor out of it into i -ed with the reprefentation of a 

ml, and in the evening he rabbed fortrefs, whofe ramparts were 

it with the end of a feather into his formed of combuftibles, and ex« 

laotke's eyes. It gave hercreat hibited the moil curious fire- 

piin for about half an hour, ^ich works ; many living animals were 

Ahated by degrees, and her eyes (hut ap in it ; and (he fofies, full 

^^aiered very much : next morning of water* contained a great quan- 

tt^ could not open them, the wa- lity of live fiih. After having 

tct, asit were, glainehereyesnp; been feen by their majefties, and 

he hathed them ¥rith pure water, their royal highoefies, &c. and 

a&d (be beptn to fee with the eye ^ofed to public view for fome 

vUch had received the moft li- time» the whole was abandoned to 

Sor. He nfed the ^M, again in the populace. t 

} evening: the inflammation Letters from Rome advife, that 

difperfed, the white of het eyes the pope had juft iflned a brief, 

i^tcaiBc red, iheir colour retnmed declaring void the de^on which 

^ degrees, and her fight beoime the chapter of Utrecht lately made 

ttong. He repeated a n'thkd of a new archbMhop« 



1445 ANNUaL register 

His Excellency the Ruffian am- vernor to the grind dake, heldoOQ 

Ibailkdor has engaged Dr. Dimf* of the firil po£ in that empire, 
dale, phyfician at Hertford, to go On the 17th of laft May came 

over and inoculale the eQiprefs on to l:^ tried, before lord chief 

and the great di^ke, jullice Wilmot, in the court of 

They write from Paris, that the common-pleas, Weflminfter, a 

fieur Somme/ a goM-fmith of that caufe, wherein it appeared that 

city, was fentenced to be hanged the plaintiff had become furety for 

by the court of afr€;{rors, as beinj^ the two defendants debts, previoua 

convided of having in his pof- to an ad of bankruptcy, for which 

jfefllon two falfe marks for ftamp- the defendants had undertaken to 

ijig gold and filver, imitating the indemnify him ; but having, fince 

mark of the ajTay-raaAer of the that undertaking, become bank<* 

farmers-general,and throwing them rupts, and obtained their certifi* 

down the necefTary of his houfe cate, the defendants then refufed 

when the proper perfons were fent to do it ; but, as all the damages 

to feize them. An appeal from fuftained by the plaintiff we» fub- 

this fentence being earned to the fequent to the defendants' aft of 

court of aides, counfellor Dani- bankruptcy, he brought the prefent 

grant took upon him the defence aftion to recover a latisfadion for 

of the fteur Somme , and drew up the fame ; and though the defend- 

a memorial, wherein he pointed ants pleaded their certificate in bar 

our the contradiclions of the wit- to this a^lion, yet the jury found a 

nefies againfl him, witneflcs un- verdift for the plaintiff, and ga%'e 

worthy of the lead credit, fpies of him 308I. los. damages t bvt his 

the police, wretches who fought lordfhip having fome doubts of the 

the ruin of an honefl citizen ; and law in point, directed a fpecial caf^ 

further, rc-callc4 to min^ the to be nude, and (igned by the conn* 

l.orrors which have been fo often fel on both fides, for the opinion of 

occafioned by the perfons employ- the court the following term ; which 

cd by the farmers-general, in Iodg« being complied with, the cafe came 

ing fait, tobacco, and Other con- on, and was learnedly argued tho 

traband merchandizes, in private loth day of June laft, by counfd 

boufes where they wanted to prove on both fides t when the court, after 

a trefpjcfs. In a vrord, this affair, taking feveral days to confider of 

which has been depending ever the fame, were pleafed to deliver 

fmcc the year 1763, being now their opinions in favour of the 

brought to a true point of view, plaintiff, and unanimoufly affirmed 

the court of aides have jull ilTued the verdifl found by the jury, 
an arret, annolling the fentence Hague, July 21. This day the 

<>f the court of aiTdTors, difcharg- prince of Travandahl went from 

ing the fieur Somme from the hence on board a yacht to Rotter- 

accnfatioot and condemning the dam, where he was to dine with 

farmers-general in 6000 livres da- the bureomafler De Groot. From 

mages, befides all cofls. thence he will go by Antwerp ta 

Cetters from Rul?!a bring ad- Bruffels, where the palace of the 

vi^e of the difgracr of the count prince De la Tour and T^xis ia 
de Panini who^ bcfides being go- . prepared for his reception. 

(^openha^n^ 



For the YEAR 176?. 



[HS 



Copenhara, Julj is. The ex* 
pence of the king's journey was 
compated at 8o>ooo rix^doUars per 
jnonth ; but, as this fnm is not foffi- 
cienty the treafory has receired or« 
ders to remit to Hambarg 20,000 
rix dollars more from the month of 
Jnljr to that of November inclafive. 
This fnm does not compxehend the 
prefents which his majefty makes at 
thefeveral places through which he 
paflesy for which 17000 rix-dollars 
ItaTe already been paid to two mer* 
chants at Hamburgh. 

Riga, June 27. The day before 
yefterday» about two in the after* 
sioon« a fire brolce out in this city, 
and continued till ten at night, at 
which time 370 houfes were re« 
dnced to a(hes. Combufiible ma- 
terials were found in feveral parts 
of the town, which gave us reafon 
to fear that this melancholy event 
was not accidenul. 

On the fecond of June, the 
polacre Elizabeth, commanded by 
captain Francis Xavier Breen, a 
Frenchman, by nation, caft anchor 
•ff Leghorn. She failed from Tri- 

Si, in Barbary, the ajd of April 
, with letters, which figni£ed 
thit that city and its environs were 
attacked with many nnofual difor- 
den; and we further learnt, by the 
Itport of the captain, that out of 
four of his mariners^ who had been 
Ul during the paffare, two died of 
pains in theif head and ftomach. 
Thefe reafons were inducements to 
take die moft ri^id precautions in 
femd to the venel. 

The phyfician of health at Leg- 
horn, after viiiting the crew and 
piiengen, among whom were two 
petfons on their recovery, did not 
perceive any mark of a contagious 
waeis ; and when he had renewed 

ps rifii (hrcc d^ys after^ vichpp; 



difcovering any veftige of fuchdif- 
order, the Tripoline ambailador, 
who is intended for Holland, and 
eleven perfons in his retinue, were 
permitted to difembitrk, and go to 
the fecond lazaret of St. James's, 
where a detached quarter was af- 
figned them, with the greateil pre« 
cautions. 

While the ^oods on board the 
polacre were airing, a Moor, be- 
longing to the amoaiTa'dor's train, 
died almoft fuddenly, on the 9tb, 
at the Lazaret, of the colic only 
(as it was thought), and not of a 
contagious illnefs. On the nth, 
in the morning, a French mariner 
was found dead on board the vef- 
fel, with a bubo on the left paro- 
tid, which gave reafon to think 
that the Moor juft fpoken of was 
likewife attacked with the plague. 

The precautions as to the ihip 
were than redoubled; that is to 
fay, a well-arAed tartan was added 
to the finall boats that guarded her; 
and it was refolved that the ambaf- 
fador (hould be carried again on 
[ board with all his train, and feme 
eife6b which he had with him for 
his own nfe : thereupon this mini- 
fter was re-conduded thither, by 
his own mariners, in a boat belongr 
ing to the polacre, and accompa- 
nied by an officer of the board of 
health, in another fmall veiTel. 

The quarter which had been oc- 
cupied, for a Kttle more than two 
days, by this minifter and his peo- 
ple, after being cleanfed by the 
quarantino guards, was (hut up in 
every part except the windows ; 
and the fame guards are ftill doing 
duty on the fpot, with the greateil 
vigilance. As to the goods, thev 
have been all along kept in the hola. 

During the morning of the 15th, 
the captain's brother died of a bubo 

at 



146] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



at the anus, vhicH (hewed he had 
had the plague. In order th^efore 
yet more to prevent the communi- 
cation of fo terrible an evil, the 
ihip's guard was augmented with 
another armed tartr.n* having 
troops on board, under the com- 
mand of an officer, who was charged 
with the fevercft inftrudioni. 

All thefe precautions being taken, 
the ambaiIador» the captain, and all 
Vho were interefted in the ihip's lad- 
ing,dcfired they might be permitted 
logo to the port of Marfeilles, there 
to perform quarantine, and clear 
themfelves of all contagion; which 
was granted them. Of thiscircum- 
ilance therefore we cannot avoid in- 
forming you,with this addition, tha,t 
in order the better to prcferve the 
public health, we havegiven orders 
that the polacre (houldbe navigated 
hy a pilot and fome Tufcan railor&, 
and by two (hips armed with great 
guns and with troops, who are to 
keep in fight, and to confign her to 
the lazarets of Marfeilles. 

Advice has been received at Leg- 
horn, that the above-mentioned 
polacre is arrived at Marfeilles, 
where there is co doubt fhe will 
perform a proper quarantine, as 
ihat city cannot have forgotten its 
own fufferings in the year 1722. 

Thcfollowing addrefb to theright 
hon. lord Edward Bentinck and 
George Mufgrave, efq: reprefcn- 
tativcj in parliament for the city of 
Carlifie, has been fcnt up to them 
from thw- freemen of the faid city ; 
" Gentlemen, 

" WE the freemen of the city of 
Carliile, and your conftituents, not 
fuisfiod with the proofs we gave you 
of our regard and confidence oq the 
d:iy of eledion, with pleafure again 
thaalc you for that exemplary fpirit 
and pcrfevcraoce^ which you cxat* 



ed in fupport of car Hberties and 
privileges. The darine, though in- 
eifedual attempts, made to exclude 
many of us from giving you that 
fupport we tendered ; and a daily 
reiiediononhow much we owe you* 
and how much we ought to deteft 
the corrupt and infamous proceed- 
ings prafiifed againft you, will be a 
happy cement of uhion amongd us. 
Nothing, we truft, will ever caufe 
one of our number to/wcrve fcom 
that path, which has fo lately led us 
to viiflory. In your hands our li- 
berties, our lives and properties, are 
fecure ; whilft we with pleafure look 
forward to future opportunities of 
demondrating that regard, which 
your whole conduft towards us has 
merited, and which we uafeignedly 
have for you. The duty wc owe to 
ourfelves and the public calls upon 
us to demand your attention to fame 
things, which probably may,aQd we 
truft will, fpeedily become the fob- 
jeQ-matter of your deliberation in 
parliament. Every perfon in this 
part of the kingdom u but too folly 
convinced of the neceffity of a law 
for quieting the pofleiEoia of the 
fubjeA agam^ the dormant claims of 
the crown 1 claims which, at a very 
remote period, may poflibly be hela 
forth bv bad men, as terrors to infla- 
ence the freedom of our eledions^ 
and ftifie, if poiTiblc, the ardent fpi* 
rit of Britiih liberty. We expe^ 
from you to promote with your ut* 
mod ^eal and abilities the obtaining 
of fuch a law : as, till that is pro- 
cured, wc efteem every man's pro- 
perty extremely ha2ardottS9 and a 
bait for infamous informers. There 
is another matter alfo. of the moft 
important concern, to which we be* 
fpeak your ferious and conftant at- 
tention, as our reprefentatives. la 
Caf^ any iufiaoce of i;Mfbeh|vsonr ia 

retoraing 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[h7 



retnnung officers (hoald occur, we 
call opon you to exert yourfch'es to 
chearnoflindete^ing and puniih- 
iDg withicvcrity, criminals of that 
fort; for if the franchifes of freemen 
and freeholders are to be trifled with 
and explained away, the independ- 
aoce of Britiih parliaments, and all 
that b dear to os as Britons, will not 
long fnrnve ; we may continue free- 
men in name, but not in fa^. 
Whatever be the fate of individuals, 
let not an ill-judged clemency 
draw you afide ; but endeavour to 
hand down the tights of your coun- 
try to your pofterity, and contri- 
bate as far as in you lies to render 
the liberties of Britain immoruL" 

Letters from Bofton, in New* 
England, of June 2, mention the 
arrival there of the Rev. Mr. Samuel 
Occum, an Indian preacher, from 
this kingdom, who came hither fome 
dmea^o, accompanied by the Rev. 
Mr, Whiuker,to folici t benefaflion ^ 
foi propagating the gofpel among 
the Indian crioes ; and that they 
obtabed in their travels through. 
EogUnd, Scotland, and Ireland, 
the fum of 1 1000!. flerling. 

They write from Naples, that the 
^vcen having generouily declined 
the accepting of the free gift of 
2o/)oo ducats, which the city of 
Naples has been accuflomed ro offer 
10 every new queen, that fum has 
heen laid out in maniige portions 
fcr 200 young wom.*ii, who were 
jefterday adoiitted to kifs their 
majeiUes hands. When they went 
CO the palace they were divided into 
ieveral companies, each of n hich 
had its peculiar uniform ; and there 
•'ere twelve chariots or cars in tlie 
procefEon, reprefenting the four 
Mbns, the four elements, and the 
huT principal libcnil arts. 



Vienna, June 29. Yefterday an 
exprefs arrived from Naple«>, with 
advice that the grand duchefs had 
mifcdrried there, but was in a fair 
way to do well again. 

Francfort, July 4. We have re- 
ceived advice, that a cloud buiit 
the day before yeftt^rdny near 
Mentz, whidh did great damage 
in that neighbourhood, and occa- 
iioned the waters to rife fo fuddt^n- 
ly, that they carried away al.r.oll 
all the houfes in the village of 
Herxheim, and defttoyed fume of 
the bridges of communication be- 
longing to the fortifications. 

A letter from Hull, dated the 
1 4th inft. fays, ** I have the pleafure 
to inform you, that we were ho- 
noured the (aft week with the com- 
pany of our high ftew^rd ihe mar- 
quis of Rockingham, Sir George 
Savile, and Mr. Weddcil, our rc- 
prefentatlve. This diflir.oruijLed 
complimeut ha? h?en received by 
all the principal ipjiabitants witii 
every po'lble mark of refpeclj they 
have been happy in the opportunity 
of teftifying t; cir warm-rfl r?iiii- 
ments of elteem for thofe finccre 
friends of their country, who havr, 
on all occafions, fo eminently ex- 
erted themfelves, bra 'Met attention 
to the rights of in Jlvid mis and tlie 
true and real intercf^s or thcfe Icii.'*- 
doms« They were publicly enter- 
tained by the corj: u.ition, at t'.e 
Guildhall and th? Trinity -houe ; 
and the whoe town ap pcr> red re- 
markably zealous in rendering all 
that honour ani rega'-d j^ihy due 
to fuch refp clable p?rrjnages.** 

Thefoci^rty fornred at Am.Ierdam 
for endeavouring ro favc drowned 
pcrfons, having had clicrausf.i<*^tion 
to fee their views not onlv approved 
of, but alfo favourer by many 

towns. 



148] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



towns, and even by fojne provinces 
of their country, have given public 
notice, that, fince the monthof Au- 
g-aW lai>, they have ciflributcd eight 
premiums, a like ntttnber of drown- 
ed perfons having been re-called to 
life by the means mentioned in the 
public notice, viz. five at Amfier- 
dim, one at Groninguen, one at 
Breda, and one near Leyden; which 
fwcceflcs give room to hope for ftill 
greater .when the thing Ihall become 
wore generally known. Thefociety 
protnifes to publifh very foon a de- 
tail concerning not only the above- 
mentioned cafes, but alfo tl!e mea- 
fnres they have taken to accompliflv 
their ends, and the various encou- 
ragements they have met with. 

There is now living, at Hartley 
in Elfex, one Arthur Jackfon, a 
* ploughman, aged 107, and his wife, 
aged 103. They have been mar- 
ried 81 years, and never had a 
child. 

There ii now living, at Shaw- 
farm, near Horton, in Ilampfhire, 
two brothers and a filler, the young- 
eft of whom is 97, and the elded 
105 years of age. 

Married.] AtFormby, Mr.Nor- 
ris, fen. aged 96, to a lady of 16, 
with a genteel fortune; 

At St. I^wrence's church, Read- 
ing, Mri. Matthews, widow, in 
the 74th year of her age, to Mr. 
Alien, aged 22, 

Died.] At Iflington, aged 84, 
Mr. Walter Bcvis, formerly a falef- 
man in Holborn, faid to have left 
behind him upwards of thirty thou- 
iand pounds. 

At BcUlon, Hants, Matthew 
Henfhaw, efq; aged 9?. formerly 
high fhcriff of that county. 

In the 8ad year of his age, the 
rev. John Clarke, M. A. near cj 
years mafter of the Chartcr-huukr, 
' c;:r Kingflon upon Hull, 



Aged 104, at his houfe in Ban- 
bury-ftreet, St. Giles's, Mr. Martia 
Riley, who was barber to king 
Tames II. in the vear i688» when at 
St. Germain en Laye in France* 

AUGUST. 

Came on, before the high coart 
of juflicirkry at Edinburgh, the trial 
of George Dempllcr, cfq. for the 
alleged crihie of brftery and ccm*- 
ruption ; when the judges unani- 
mouily found the libel vague and 
indefinite, and difmiHed the a£lion 
and the pannel from the bar. 

The thunder rolled fo tcr- • 
rib1e« and the lightning ' 
flaihed in fuch terrifying (Ireanis, in 
the neighbourhood of London, that 
feveral hou fes were fct on fire with 
it, and one man was flruck dead 
upon his coach-box, on the Kent- 
ilreet road. What was remarkable, 
his watch was found (hivered in his 
pocket in a thoufand pieces^ a fmall 
hole in the crown of his hat, and a 
kind of feam dow:> hisbreall. 

Thev write from France* that 
the price of grain is confiderabl/ 
fallen in that kingdom, owing, at 
is conje^lured, to an ediA lately 
publiihed by his Chriftian majedy, 
permitting the unlimited export^ 
ation and importation ofthat com- 
modity throughout all the ports of 
hii dominions. 

Letters from Rome inform us, 
that the pope ha> written with his 
own hand to the kings of France* 
Spain, and Sicily, on the fubjedlof 
the prefent difpatcs between his 
holincfs and, the houfe of Bourbon; 
but that each of thofe courts has 
refufcd even to receive his letters, 
till fuch time as the brief iffued 
againft the duke of Fanna ftaU be 
revoked. 

The 



For the YEAR 1768. 



['49 



The duke of Modena has fent a 
(Ircamftancial detail to Vienna, of 
Jiis right to the duchy of Ferrara^ 
2nd intreats their Imperial majcllies 
good offices with the pope, that he 
may obtain polTeflion of the fame 
quietly, v, ithoot being obliged to 
have recourfe to arms. 

We are told from Corfica, that 
more than a thoufand jefuits have 
artived there lately from the Spanifii 
fettlements in America ; but, for 
want of convenient room to lodge 
them, they will probably pafs over 
to the ecdefiailical ftate. Several 
Greek families alfo, originally from 
Turkey, but who had been iettled 
for fixty years pall in Corfica, arc 
preparing, on account of the pre- 
fen: troubles there, to remove to 
Spiin, his Catholic majefty having 
undertaken to defray the charges 
of their voyage, for which purpofe 
he has already made them co&fi- 
derable advances. 

, » Died this afternoon, about 
^ ' five o'clock, at his palace at 
Lambeth, aged 75, the moll reve- 
rend Thomas Seeker, LL.D. lord 
archbifliop of Canterbury, primate 
of all England, and metropolitan, 
prefident of the corporation of the 
loos of the clergy, and of the focie- 
\y for the propagation of the gofpd 
ia foreign parts, a governor of the 
Chartcr-houfc, a trullee of the Bri- 
tifli Mufeam, a vice preiident of St. 
George's hofpital, and one of the 
k>rds of his majeftv's moft hononr- 
*Mc privy council. 

Edinburgh, Toly 26. From Sel- 
loflt we have the followinj? account 
of the ftorm on Sunday laft : 

" About twelve o'dock at noon 
Ae horizon was entirely over-caft, 
*ad the darknefs was fo great that 
^ public fervice was flopt, and the 
^ngrega tion thrown into the great- 



e]lcon{lcraation;cahJIt; were light- 
ed in .'.II the private houfes,and the 
thunder rolled perpetually, fo as to 
allonifn every one ; the lightning 
fl;dhcd along the llreets, and the hail 
fell fo thick and fo faft, that it beat 
down both manandbeail. Theilock 
farmers have greatly fuffered, as the 
lambs were much hurt. Two men 
were iiruck do^^ 11 at the end of the 
bridge with the lightning, and a. 
thunder-bolt was feen to plow up tl.e 
ground, and Tifterwards entered into 
it, making a deep hole, big enough, 
to bury the ma in-mad of a firfl-rat« 
man oC war. At Farnahe, a gen- 
tleman's houfe in the neighbour- 
hood, the lightning threw up the 
windows, and greatly alarmed the 
family, but luckily did no further 
damage. The IVeed was greatly 
fwcUed, and fwept ofTall the hay 
that was on the haughs. The im- 
pciuoiityofthecurrent was fo great, 
that ilones of many tons were roll- 
ed down the flream, and carts and 
cart-wheels were floating down like 
the (havings of timber. The 
whole country was alarmed, and 
verily, imagined that the day of 
judgment was come, God pre- 
vent fuch fevere vifitations of the 
divine wrath ! The damage dor.e 
is very great, and the fright 
we were put in ilill greatly affe^U 
us." 

Extraft of a letter from James Fort, 
in Senegal, dated May 19, 1768. 
" I take this opportunity, by a 
fhip bound to the Weft Ii^dies, to in- 
form you, on my arrival atSenegal^ 
the horn governor O'Hara ordered 

J}t with a detachment to relieve 
ames Fort, in the river Gambia 1 
and at my arrival there, found 
the lieutenant-governor, and the 

farrlfon, in the greateft diftrefs, 
cing then £vf d^j^s withoat any 

water, 



'5°] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



water, t^ M water is to be had en 

clnsifland> it being all Atpplie^ from 
the main continent; and now being 
at war with the king of Baragh» 
and that whole coantrv, this garri- 
fon is grettly dillrefled, having all 
the vefTels that fupplied us uken. 
and numbers of our people made 
prifoners. ThelieUifcnant-governor 
ordered me, and the troops under 
iny command^ on the following ex* 
pedition: to attack a principal 
town belonging to the enemy; and 
having landed them before day* 
lieht in the morning, on the 23d 
of April, being St. George's day, 
every man having a St. George's 
crofs in his hat, we furroUnded the 
town, but was rather too ibon, be- 
ing difcovered by the out-guards 
and the barkine of dogs: bat, to 
complete mydeiign,and my orders, 
immediately began the attack, 
when a fmart engagement, and a 
warm fire, enfued. In Icfs than an 
hour I was mailer of the place, 
burnt the town to afhes, deilroyed 
every thing that I cot Id in that 
time come at, killed a number, made 
many prifoners, and embarked the 
troops and prifoners with little or 
no !ofs. The prifoners arc all here, 
among whom is the queen of Ba- 
ragh, who had been upon a viiit in 
this place, it being like Bath in 
England, where the better fort of 
people come for the benefit of their 
health. Her majedy was fo unfbr* 
tunate as to have three of her fin- 
gers tore off by one of our hand 
grenades. I have taken all the 
care in my power of her, alfo the 

fovemor; and ihe is now attended 
y oarfurgeons." 
Conilantinople, Jane i6. The 
kiilar-aga, or grand mafter of the 
ceremonies, took on the 6th of 
this month a purgative powder^ 



and died fuddenly the next day. 
His highnefs being inform^ of it« 
and imagining that it was the faolc 
of the dodor and the apothecary, 
ordered them to be imprifoned, and 
the (hop of the latter, as alfo thofe 
offeveral other apothecaries, hare 
been (hut np^ in order to have the 
druffs infpeded. 

Mr. Bank, Dr. Solander, ^, 
and Mr. Green, the allrono- * 
mer, fet out for Deal, to embark 
on board the Endeavour, captain 
Cook, for the South Seas, under 
the diredlion of the royal focicty, 
to obferve the tranfit of Venus 
next fummer, and to make diico- 
veries. 

A fire broke out in the King's-^ 
arms~inn-yard, near Holbom- 
bridge, which was attended with 
the moil melancholy confequences; 
Mr. Green, at whofe houfe it broke 
out, faved his life by jumping out 
of a window; but his wife, his 
child, and filler, periihed in the 
flames; his neighbour jumped out 
of a window feembgly unhurt, but 
died in lefs than ten minutes; a 
porter belonging to the inn, hav- 
ing loft his wifc and child, died 
raving mad; a clerk to a mer- 
chant in Bread-ftrect, after favin^ 
his wife and child, returned for a 
box in which was money and writ- 
ings bclongine to his mafter, bat 
not being able to reach it, only • 
faid, "Lord have mercy uponme,*^ 
and expired. Of thofe who en- 
deavoured to efcape by jompinr 
out of windows, thrte were killed 
upon the fpot; the Ihricks of thofe 
who were burnt were jpiercing i in 
Ihort, a more horrible fcene waa 
never beheld. 

Lilbon, July 12. '^e king has 
juft ^ubliihed a bull which pope 
Benott XIV. granted to his majeibr 

in 



l^'or the YE Alt 1768. 



CtiJt 



in i7{Sf aotborizing him to rtife 
the diird part of ill the ecdeliafli- 
al revennes in this city daring 
the tens of fifteen years, the 
affloant of whkhisto be applied 
OHrards the rebuilding, repairing, 
aod decorating the churches in 
Liibon. 

Berlin, July 12. The king has 
pobliihed an ordinance, by which 
hti najefly prohibits the importa- 
tion of all man a failures of copper, 
irofl, and tin, and .alfo of iron nails, 
imder a penalty of 100 rix-dollars 
per quintal, junlefs fumiflied with a 
popart from the department of the 
mines. 

We hear from Killamey, in the 
coonty of Kerry, that four young 
ladies, who lay in one room in a 
Koufe near that town, and went to 
bed one night laft week ^n perfc<5l 
health, were all found dead next 
aomiDg : and we learn that Dr. 
Thadee Cronin, an eminent phyfi- 
cianofthat town, has given it as 
his opinion, that they were fuffb- 
cated by a quantity of fmoke con« 
ined in the flue of a chimney, 
wh^ch defcended in the nij»ht, and 
filled the room in which they 

jjj The grand jury for the 
* county of Surry fat at Gutld- 
ferd from nine in the morning till 
ten at night, on the bill for the 
murder o? young Allen, in St. 
Georgc'i.fieldf ; after which they 
returned a /rarr &'/^ againfl Donald 
Kaclane, and m tmt hill againft 
Alexander Marnjr* the officer, and 
Donald M'Laury, one of the other 
foldkrs who were ordered upon 
ihepurfatt of one of the rioters. On 
(his occafion nineteen witnefles were 
ODimined, among whom were Mr* 
'^ilkei, and the rev. Mr. Horne ; 
^ gtiind jury diiered in C4>inf on 



in fevepl particulan, and fome 
warm altercations pafl*ed among 
the members.— -Mr. Wilkes was 
treated with very little ceremony, 
all poffible precautions having 
been taken to prevent .smy extra- 
vagant adulations on the part of 
the people.— Prcvioufly to tnis bu* 
finefs, two riotfrs were tried, one 
for breaking down the lobby door 
of the king's-bench prifon, the 
other for carrying away and de- 
llroying fpirituous liquors, at the 
houfe of Edward Ruflel, efq. in 
Southwark; the fidl was fentenced 
to be imprifoned one year, to find 
foreties for three years, and to 
pay a fine of three (hillings and 
four-pence; 'the other fifteen 
months imprifonment, to pay s 
fine of 13s. 4d. and to fiud fore- 
' ties for his behaviour for three 
years. 

His royal highnefs the duke of 
Cumberland embarked on board 
the Venus, as an officer ; the Venut 
is delHned for the Mediterranean 
fervicc, and it is thought will con- 
tinue there fome months. 

The dire(flors of the fun fire- 
office have generoufly given Mr* 
Scddon (who was burnt out at Lon- 
don-houfe in Aldcrfgate-ftreet) 
500I. as a prefent, he having forgot 
to renew his infu ranee. 

A gift of the king was rowed fbr, 
before his majeily at Rew, by fix 
young watermen : the firft boat to 
have iiyt guineas, the feoond three^ 
and other four, half a guinea each : 
RoeerDclap, of Weflminller,cante 
in firft with great eafe. 

Charles-town, JSouth -Carol ini. 
Tone 20. The falary of his excel- 
lencjr general Wood Icy, as governor 
of his roajefiy's Leeward Caribbe* 
ifiandf , is 1 200I. flerlin^ per aim. 
In his firfi fptcdi to the council 

and 



«5»] 



AKTNUAI. R£G1STER 



and aflembly of Antieiia> he tells 
them he has it in cSarge to re- 
commend the pafllng an aA of 
fettlement, which he hopes will be 
' ihe £rft thing they uke into tlieir 
confideration : accordingly the af- 
fembly of that ifland (conforming 
to his majefty's 86th inflrn£tion to 
him) have voted a fettlement of 
locol. currency per annnm, in 
addition to his former iklary of 
1200I. per annum, during his go- 
vernmentj to be paid him quar- 
terly ; and alfo a houfe to be pro« 
Tided for him at the public ex* 
pence. 

. At eight in the morning. 

5^"- the trial of Donald M'Lane 
came on at Guildford, when, after 
a hearing of nine hours, he was 
acquitted; the jury having been 
out fomewhat above half an hour. 
The counfel for the profecution 
were, Mr. ferieant Leigh, Mr. 
Lucas, Mr. Lade, and Mr. fiaker ; 
. thofe for the prifoner were, Mr. 
Hervey, Mr. Cox, Mr. fiifhop, and 
Mr. Robinfon. 

St. James's, Augud 12. On 
Wednetday ni^ht la^, about eleven 
o'clock, the king of Denmark, un« 
der the title of the prince of Tra- 
vendahl, landed at Dover, from on 
board the Mary yacht. HisDaniih 
majelly was falutcd by the cannon 
of (he caftle, forts, and veflels in 
the harbour, and was received with 
every poifible mark of diftinftion 
MdrMpea. 

Qn Thurfday morninfl;, about 
sane o'clock, his Danim majefty 
fet out from thence, and arrived 
Ht the apartments prepared for 
him a quarter before feven in the 
evening, attended b}- his excellency 
comte de BemHorff, his prin- 
cioai fecretary of flate ; baron de 
Scnimnelmannf creafurer^ comte 



de Moltke» grand maHhal ; eomt# 
de Holcke, grand mailer of the 
wardrobe; won de Bulow, one 
of the lords of the bed-chamb^^ 
M. Schomacker, confcille^ det 
conferences, and private fecretary ; 
baron de During, aid de camp; 
meflb. Temler and Sturs, conn* 
fellors of embafly of the office of 
foreign a£uiirs; doAor Stroenfee* 
phyfician ; and feveral officers and 
fervants of his Danifli majefty't 
houfliold. 

The profeflbrs of Greiham col^ 
lege are to read the leAures, in term 
time, over the Royal £xchug€» 
till a proper place is built; and 
we hear 50L ^ ann. ^are added to 
their fahuries xn lieu of a habita- 
tion. 

Laft week a harveft-man went in- 
to the Cock and Bell at Rumford, 
in EfTex, to refrefh himfelf ; but be« 
fore he had drank his pint of ale, 
his throat was fwelled in amoft vio-' 
lent manner, and in about two 
hours the poor man expired in great 
torture. Upon opening his wind- 
pipe thev found a wafp, which he 
had fwallowed, and was the occa* 
fion of his death. 

His Danifh majefty's retinae 
confifted of four poft-chaifes, and 
£fteen fervants on horfeback. The 
coaches of the houihold, which had 
been fent to Dover to efcort his 
majofty, were all left behind $ hie 
majefty choofing to travel in poft^ 
chaifes for the uke of expedition^ 
and to avoid ceremony. " He was 
immediately waited upon by the 
earl of Hertford and lord Pal* 
month, who complimented him 
on his arrival. His Majefty Is not 
yet twenty, being bom June t, 

174?- 
The court of direftors of the 

£aA-I|idia €ompany« at a i&eetinff 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[^3 



Ml oa tte 29th nit. cane to the 
fbUbwJng rtfolution, m. 

Refolved, As the mod efWual 
mnliod to prevent the falc of the 
command of (hips in the com** 
panjr's fenrice, that from and af- 
ter* the a^tli of March next, upon 
the death of a commander of any 
flap employed, or to be employed 
ia the company's fenrice, or whcn- 
crer there ihall be a vacancy of a 
coounander, by refignation, ioca* 
padty, or otherwifc, another com- 
ntftder (hall be chofen by the 
court of dire^ors, to fupply foch 
ticancy, out of perfons who have 
commanded a (hip in the com- 
ptajr** (crvice, or who have per- 
fonned at leaft one vovage'in the 
capacity of chief or (econd mate, 
to the £afl-Indies ; and that fuch 
cbfce or appointment (hall be 
Ba<ie by tlie ballot. 

And that froin and after the 
&id 29th of March next, no fhip 
be tendered for the company's 
(enrice, bot fubjed to the faid re- 
gnliticm. 

Rdblved, That from and after 
tlie 2;th of March next, no (hip 
^^ be built in the room of any 
(^p worn oat or loft in the com* 
P«ny*$ fcrvice, without the leave 
of the court of diredors Erfi had 
>ad obtained. 

By advices from Corltca we 
kxm, that an envoy from the bey 
of Tanis was arrived there on 
boird of a Ragnfan vcffel, with 
pttienti for general Paoli, as an 
acioiowledgment of the fervice 
h« had rendered to the regency, 
hf (ending back to them a Tuni- 
wn nUiot hfith twenty-fix men, 
vhica, being chafed by a Genoefe 
(hip, had taken ihelter in one of 
the poru of the iflamd. Thefe 
prefi^ conM of a Moouft flare, 

Vot.XL 



a fine horfe richly caparifoned, « 
tygrefs, two chefts lined with lead 
and fealed up, two oflriches, and 
a lion that died in the paHage; 
but the vefTel is to perform qua* 
rantine at fiaHia by order of gcne« 
ral Paoli 

An order of council was this day 
iiTued, to prevent the importation 
of the hides, hoofs, or horns of 
horned cattle, from Denmark or 
Sweden, the duchies of Holfteinj 
MecklenbergorCleves, the neigh- 
bourhood of Hamburgh, or .the . 
frontiers of the Low Countries, in 
all which places the diftemper 
among the homed cattle rages to 
a violent degree. 

Summer circuit. 

At Aylelbury aflizes, one was 
capitally convided. 

At Abingdon aflizes, four ver- 
didls were obtained for bribery in 
the lateyeledion for the borough of 
Readine ; and it is faid that di* 
vers other profecutions upon the 
fame ftatnte are depending in that 
borough. None were capitally 
conviaed. 

At Bedford affizes* one wa« car 
pitally convicted. • 

At Hertford aflizes, three were 
capitally convided ; two of whom 
are reprieved. 

The hi^h-lheriff received the 
judges with uncommon cere- 
mony-; he doubled the number 
of javelin-men in livery, who at- 
tended them from the frontiers of * 
the county, and waited for them 
himfelf a mile further on the road 
than ufual. On Tueiday he fent 
a turtle for their table, with bur^* 
gundy inilead of the common pre- 
sent of claret, and gave for a rea- 
fon, that in thefe licentious times^ 
when fo many people had at^ 
tempted to trample on the laws, 
[L] he 



154] ANNUAL REGISTER 

be could not treat his Majcfty't 
chidf miniften of juftke vrith too 
much refped. 

At Chelmsfbrd affioes, eight 
were capitally «onvi£ted ; four of 
whom were reprieved. 

Seventeen fpecial jury caufes 
H^eVe tried, niife of which wereTac- 
tioiis brought upon the ftatute 
4}f bribery and corruption by the 
parfta^rts of Mr. Fordyce» againft 
thofc df Mcff. Grey and Rebow, 
at the Colchefter elcflion, and fi* 
i{\H) warranto cauiVs upon the 
feme account, of which Mr. Foi*- 
dyce's pirrty gained only five, viz. 
one for bribery, and four upon the 
quo warranto's. 

At Guildford u^iTmc^i, ext^ht were 
Capitally convitted ; five of whom 
were reprieved- 

At Maidilonc -aflizes, none were 
capitally convidled. 

Mr. fPowell, mafter of the Oran- 
by-head, at Dartford, w^ tried 
on fufpicion of robbing a poft- 
chaife driver on Shooter's -hill, in' 
the night of the 3d of June bft, 
of a 111 ver watch, and a few (hil- 
lings ; when Mr. Powell's wit- 
neifes proving a plain alibi, he 
«^as honourably acquitted, and the 
jury granted him a copy of his 
indi^ment : the accomplice to the 
^>eHbn who really committed the 
-tobbery is now in cuftody. 

At 'O)cford «ifizc3, none were 
capitally conviAed. 

Rflhcr, the wife of Willixm 
"Ward, charged upon her own 
Tonfeflion with nrarderiiig her 
slaughter, was acquitted of the 
"murder, flie appeanng infime. 

At Wfnchefter affizes, feren 
were capitally convifted. 

lames WilUuns, for killing and 
Toobing Smmoel Lewis, on the 
highway, to bt hanged in chains at 
Portfca. * 



At the affzei for Wika^ at War- 
minfter^ A0«e wdre «i^imUy coft- 
vi£led. 

At GfoaooAer ftflisai, fii«e mat 
capitally conriAed; bat were aB 
reprieved* 

At thuaSfee, jthe caitie ^aptnd* 
ing between the dean and <hap« 
ter, and Mr. Pitt» waa decided in 
favour -of the latter. T^hia ia th* 
fecond verdMl obtanned hy Mr. 
Pitt againft the dean aad clMp* 
ter. 

At Worcefter affizea, three ivere 
capitally convided ; hvtt were aU 
reprieved. 

At Salifhnry afizes, three wcr« 
capitally convifbd ; of whom two 
were rcpieved. 

At Bridgewater affize% one wai 
capitally convided ; « caaie came 
on to /be tried, brought by Mr* 
Carpenter, of Beckington ia So* 
merfedhire, in order to recorer of 
the inhabitants of the hundred of 
Frome, the damages he fufbdoed 
by the rioters damagiag a dwel- 
ling houfe and flour-mills of kii^ 
for which he obtained a ver* 
dia. 

At Hereford aiSzes, two were 
capitally convided. 

At Monmouth affizes, one waa 
capiully convided. 

At £xeter aflizes, two avere 
piuUy conviAedk 

At Bodrayn affieet» none 
capitally conriAed. 

At Cottrbridge, in Soat^i Widea. 
a man convia^ of ftealing conb, 
was ordered for tnmfportatioii* 
After fentenoe was pafled, tiae 
prifoner told the court, that It 
was a malicious profecotiaQ; bat 
that he thought be was even witli 
the profecutor, having been xnti* 
mate with his wife for abort two 
years paft. 

At 



For the YEAR 17^8* t^SJ 

AtSitfewfttiry affizes two wore The Swdtedale lead-mine caofe* 

txpitillj cemrifled, one of whom between Dorothy Harker^ and 

was xefaicYed. others, plaintiffs, and Riahard 

At Stafford afiizes, two were ca* Lonfdale, and others, defendants, 

phally cofivided. was tried i and after t hearing of 

At Lancafter aiCzes, one was ca* ten hours a verdiQ was given for 

pitally convi£led. the plainti&. 

At York «&:es, twelre were At Durham aflizes, three .wert 

capifaEy cofivtded, nine of whom capitally convi^led. 

fMce a^wxercd. - At the affizes at Carlifle, a caofe 

Dkomas Lee, oonvided of the was heard betwixt the earl of 

mnrdar of Mc Potty in the year Erremont and Henry Ellifon, of 

1766, received fentence of d^th, Whitehaven, efq* The «arl, ai 

andwas.enecaced at Tyburn yef* lord of the manor, fned for fome 

torday. He is to be Jiung in land that Mr. How and Mr. £lli<^ 

chains near the place where the Ton had, by fences, taken off the 

morder was committed* fea-tmark» when a verdid was giveit 

At thefe affixes came on, before in favour «of Mr« Ellifon. 

the iiODonrable iir Henry Gould, At Lincoln afHzes came on, be-^ 



t, and a fpedal jury, a caufe /ore lord chief baron Parker, the 

whtfcin a 3K>ung lady, aged 35, important caufe wherein .Robert 

of New Makon, in that county^ Vyner, junior^ efq; was plaindff, 

ms plaintif!^ and an eminent at- and Philip Bulles, efq; aldermM 

torney, aged 70, of the fame place* of that citv, defendanti in mtdtt 

deftftoant, for non -performance to prove bribery in the ekdion of 

of a fnromiie of marriage ; wheg Thomas Scrope, eiq; the pcefent 

the paofecutria proving her caie to reprefentative ; when a verdi^ 

the fiuisfii^ion of ikc court, and was found lor the defendant, to 

the defendant having no defence tht ereat joy of Mr. Scrope^ 

to make, a verdid was given Briends. Fifteen hogfheads of ale 

for the plaintiff with 600I. da- were given to the populace ; and 

mages. a ball was given by Mr. Scrope in 

At the fame affixes came on, the aflembly-room below Hill in 

before Mr. juftice Yates, and a the evening* None were capitally 

ipecialjory, an information againft convi^ed. 

William Wittron and others, for At Huntingdon a£zes, none 

a riot at the eledion of members were capitally convi^d. 

to ferve in parliament for Ponte- ' At Oimbridge aflizes, one was 

fiafU whereby the freedom of the capiuUy convi^ed; but re^eved* 

eledion was violated and.in" At ^iorwich aiSzet, three west 



termpied ; when, after a hearing i^apitally convi^ed ; of whom two 

of 1 3 hours, the riot was fb fully were reprieved. 

and clearhr proved, that the dc- At Northampton affizes, two 

fendants did not think proper to were capitally convided ; bat re* 

enmine any witnefies, and the prieved. 

•jory f^und them guilty of all the At the aflizes at Bury, two were 

f»6b dtarged upon them in the . capitally convi^ql ; one of whoa 

information. was re^pievad. 

[L a] J>oicheftei> 



156] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Dorche(l«r» Derby, Leicefter, and 
Berwickj were iDaiden afilzes. 

, The king of DcDmark^ 

'9 attended by the marquis of 
Granby, general Conway,- and 
other perfons of diflin^ion, went 
through the city to the tpwer, and 
viewed the armoury, regalia, &c. 
there. The barge belonging to 
the tower was brought up to the 
wharf, expeftirg his Majefty would 
go to Greenwich, &c. but he re- 
turned through the city in the 
coach he came in. On his Ma- 
jf (ly*$ coming out of the tower, a 
great concourfc of people affem- 
bled to fee him, to whom he com- 
plaifantly bowed ; and on the 
carriage fetting off they gave loud 
huzzas, ^c The king after wards* 
dined at St. James's in private. 

This evening hisDanifh Majefty, 
his royal highnefs the duke of 
Gloncefter, their ferene highneiTes 
the two princes of Saxe Gotha, a 
great number of the nobility and 
foreign miniftcrs, were entertained 
by her royal highneC* - princefs 
Amelia, at Gunnerfbury-houfe, 
V'ith a grand fupper, after which 
there was. a bail. A party of the 
foot-guards were ordered to attend 
during his Majefty's flay there. 

The entertainment was extreme^* 
ly magnificent. Invitations were 
given to upwards of 300 of the 
no'bility. The fupper confifted 
of 120 dUhes; a grand fire-work 
was played oflF: and the ball, 
which was vecv fplendid, ended 
about three o'clock on Saturday 
morning. 

Yefterday were married, in the 
parifli church of Hendon, in the 
county of Middlefex, by the it* 
rerend Mr. Aldrich, ten voung 
couple belonging to the fatd pa^ 
ri(h. To each of the brides wa^ 
given k wedding-ring of ten flul- 



lings value; to each ccople ten 
(hillings more for their weddi&g 
dinner ; for the purchafe of fome 
ufeful neceiSaries towards hoofe- 
keeping, forty (hillings ; and the 
expences of the marriage fees d^ 
frayed for them ; and in order to 
promote and encourage popula- 
tion, to each couple, at the expi* 
ration of two years, upon produc- 
ing a healthy child^ twelve moaths 
old, will be given the further fnm 
of two guineas; and at the end 
of three years, upon producing a 
fecond healthy child, they will 
receive three guineas more. To 
each couple was given, (being Ji 
donation from another hand) a 
tra& . called the Whole Duty of 
Man ; and every other couple that 
fhall be married by banns in the 
faid church, will be entitled to the 
faid donation, fecured by will for 
ever. 

Mr. Bingley, late a prifoBer in 
Newgate, tor publiihing the North- 
Briton, numbers 50 aDd^5i^ was 
removed from that gaol to lord 
Mansfield's houfe in filoomibury- 
fquare, by virtue of a writ of ^- 
ifgoj corpus granted by hi; lordfhip, 
in order to admit the faid priA>acr 
to 4>ail, which was accordiagly 
done, Mr. fiingley being boottcT in 
twice three hundred pouftds, and 
four fureties in 150I. each, for 
his appearance before the coutt of 
kingVbench at Weftminfter oa 
the firft day of next term. 'The 
clerk to the attorney, in waiting 00 
his lordihip to know the tia»e oi 
Mr. Bingley's beingj brpueht op, 
was thrown from his ]iorle« and 
broke his arm. 

On Saturday all the great oft- 
cers of ftate, the foreign mimflers, 
&c. dined with his Daaiih Majefty 
at St. James's. 

4 The 



For the YEAR 1768. 



i^S7 



The fide-board of plate made 
uTe of for his Daniih Majeily's ta- 
bic, is the original plate ot king 
^ Henry the eighth, being always 
dcponted in the jewel office in the 
tower, and never made ufe of 
(foch occaflons as thts being ex- 
cepted) bat at a coronation. 

A riot began in the Mirftialfea 
prifon, occaiioned, as it is faid,' 
by the* partiality of the prifoners 
in favour of the turnkey. The 
deputy k-'epcT, piqued at this 
preference, had arretted the turn- 
key for a fmall debt ; and in re- 
tarn, the prifoners had broke the 
deputy-keeper's windows. This 
happened on the Friday. But 
next nieht the two fons of the 
deputy keeper, having furnifhed 
themielves with fire-arms in the 
abience of their father, renewed 
the fray, and wounded eight of 
the prifoners, one pf whom re- 
ceived a (hot in the belly, which 
it is thought will pove morul. 
Three of the prinapal aftors in 
this tragedy have (ince been com- 
mitted to the county gaol. 
jQ^ The Spital-fields wea- 
vers rofe in a body, and 
forcibly entered the houfe of Na- 
thaniel Farr, in PrattValley, and 
cat to pieces and deHroyed the 
iilk work manufa£lory in two dif- 
ferent looms there ; and afterwards 
forcibly entered the houfe of Eliza* 
bcih Pratt, in the fame alley, and 
murdered one Edward Fitchett, a 
lad of about 17, by (hooting him 
through his head with a piftol 
loaded with ilugs.'' A reward is 
offered for apprehending the rio- 
ten, and his Majeily's pardon to 
him who difcovers the murderer. 

The foundation of a large ftack 
of chimnies gave way in the cen- 
tie of the btuldings of his Majej; 



ty*s prifon of the Fleet, .by which 
ten apartments were entirely de- ■ 
flroyed, i|i which near 40 perfons 
were lodged, moft of whom loft . 
their all ; fome were greatly hurt, 
and one gentleman is in danger 
of his Ufe. The prifon has been 
fince vifited by the furveyor from 
the treafury, and afllftance promi* 
fed the fuiferers. The whole build- . 
ing is in a ruinous condition. 

They write from Rome of the 
20th of July, that, according to 
letters from Mode la, the duke is 
making preparations for war ; and 
it is thought that he has a deiign 
to feize upon the duchy of Ferrara, 
though the court of Rome has 
been in polfeflion of it for half a 
century paft, which pofleilion has 
been confirmed by different trea- 
ties. On the other hand, the 
prince pretends to have a right to 
it, as it Was formerly the property 
of the houfe of Eft, from which his 
highnefs is defcended. 

Rome, July 16, The princefs 
Doria Pamphili was delivered the 
day before yefterday of a prince;, 
to whom the emperor is to Hand 
(ponfor. The prince went yefter- 
day to the Q^innal, to ftenify this 
event to the pope ; and couriers 
have been alio difpatched to the 
courts of Vienna, Madrid, Turin, 
and Naples. 

Thurfday night his Daniih ^- 
jefty and her grace the duchefs 
of Ancafter opened the ball at the 
aflTembly in the Haymarket. 

His Danifti Majefty has lent a 
prefent of ten guineas to the ver- 

fers of St. Paul's, by the hands of 
rancis Crofby, efq. . 
Thurfday arrived in town from 
Poland, the prince and princefs 
Czatorinfki, and alfo the emprcf^ 
of Ruffia's ambafiador. 

[I 3] 23d, 



i58j 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



, A body of failors, to the 

^^ ' trnount of 5 or 6qo, txo^ 
toufly afTembled at Limehoufe, 
and boarded feyeral outward bound 
fhips, and forcibly carried away 
fcveral of their men, under pre- 
tence of not {nffering the fliips to 
fail tin the feam^ns wages were 
imrrcafed ; but a party of the 
guards being font ror, the rioters 
smmediately dii^erfed. 

The furveyor of the navy, at- 
tended by the proper officers^ took 
a fiirvey of Portfrnouth-dock, with 
tile ihips building and. r^airing 
there ; and at the hmt time exa^ 
jntned a new^coirftrucEbed pump, the 
invention of Mr, Cole, ererfed on 
board the Seaford man of war, 
vhich appeared to be left cumber- 
fome than the chain pump, and 
more efitcacious. 

The experiments were as follow ; 

The new pump wrought by 
four men, threw out a ton of wa^ 
ter in 42 feconds.— -The old pump, 
wrought by feven men, tnrew out 
a ton of water in 76 feconds. 

The new punrp, when wrought 
wtth two men, threw out a ton of 
Wafer in 47 feconds. — The old 
pump with two men wottld not 
more. 

The chain of the new pump, 
broken by deftgn, and dropped 
into the well, was recovered. 

The new pump, when choaked 
,with fhingle ballaft, was cleared in 
^r minutes. — The old pump 
could not be cleared till the water 
Was pumped out of the hold. 

The remains of the queen of 
|*rance were to be interred at St. 
Dennis the nth of this, month. 
The dajuphin, hh two brothers, 
and the mefdames, were to be 
prcfent at the funeral. Kitchens 
and other buiWings have b^fn 



er eAcd at St. Dennis, at the king's 
expence, for accommodating 2000 
people, the parliament and univer- 
Sty having oeen invited. 

The expences of the queen's 
obfequies amoSnt ta 8oo,oco H- 
vres; and the whole charges oc- 
cafioned by the death of her Msi'^ 
jefly, are computed ^ at about 
1,500,000 livres. 

Hague, July the pth. Prince 
Henry of Pruffia arrived late o« 
'Saturday evening at the hoo^ in 
the wood, accofmpanied by the 
prince of Orange, who had gono 
beyond Leyden to meet him ; htt 
royal highnefs received company 
the next day, and was yefterfliir 
at the public entertainment Which 
the prince of Orange gave at tto" 
old court in this town, to celebrat^^ 
the birth-day of the princeft of 
Orange j at ^hidt all the foreign 
miniflers were prefent, as- well as 
a very numerous company, zni 
the ball lafted til! thb mormngi 

On Sunday about m>on the Rin^ 
of Denmark, attended by fcvcr^ 
of the nobitity, went through the 
city, to the Dani(h thapel^ ia 
Wellclofe-fquare, buift by her late 
ma jelly queen Anne, in honour to 
her royal confort. He returned to 
St. James*s about two, and after- 
wards wcrtt to dine wi^ the im- 
perial ambaflador at his houfe in 
St. JamesVfquare, where he io6n 
found himfelf fRghtly indifpofed f 
and, after making aft apology to 
the ambaffador on the octiifion^ 
his Majefty returned to St. Jaincs\ 
where he dined. 

His Daniih Majeftyiigni- jq*i. 
nified his intention of being ' 
prefent at York races ; great pre- 
parations were- made upon the 
road, for the accommodation of 
his Maje^ an<^E|r at tendi oi ts; bqt 

afud* 



\ 



Por the YEARM768. 



C^5^ 



atfoddm Hidlfppfitioii haying pre- 
veBWI kk majcfty's gracious in- 
ttatioas, he has ordered tvery 
thing to W paid for at the fame 
late a» i^ they had aftually been 
oallod for ; with this particular in- 
jaoaion, that theprovifions Ihould 
be every where diftribated amongft 

ihepoor. 

TTiey write from Robcrtoun m 
ScoiltiKl : that " on Tuefday the 
*d iaftwit, about four in the after- 
apoft, a very uncommon phaeno- 
aeaon appeared in this neighbour- 
hood : a watcr-fpout, or large body 
of water, fuddenly fell upon DUn- 
giYcl-hill, oppoiite to Tintock, 
abottt fix miles fouth of Lanock, 
ind forced its way into the ground, 
tin it came to the rock, makine 
w opening about 24 yards broad, 
tnd about three feet deep; it 
then ru(hed down the North fide 
Of the hill, with the greateft im- 
petuofity, hurling the largeft ftones> 
and great qoantitie* of earth be- 
fwe it, making an opening of 
the fame dimenfions all the way 
down the hill. It had a very alarm- 
ing appearance, and threatened the 
coQQtry with a fevere fccond de^ 

lagc.** 

. HU majcfty the king of 
5 Denmark arrived at Cam- 
bridge, and was waited on by the 
Ticc-chanccllor of the nniverfitjr, 
k^ of colleges, and do£lors m 
*^heir fcarlet robes, who attended 
bU majefty to the fenatc-houfe, 
where the whole univerfity, and a 
brilliant company of ladies in the 
galleries, were a&mbled, who, 
upon the entrance of his majcfly, 
temfied their joy by crery poffi- 
ble mark of refpea. He was con- 
duatd to a cfkair of ftate, where 
he received the compliments of 
At htad* of the refpcftive colle* 



ges, and, after a (hort ftay , was con- 
dufted in proceffion to the library, 
and to all the principal bnildingS; 
in the univerfity, where having feea- 
evtjry thing that was rare and cun 
rious, his majcfty wat gracioiiQy, 
pleafcd to exprefs the hi g hell fa-^ 
tisfeaioh, and to invite the vice-t 
chancelkw to fuppcr- Early nexft 
morning he proceeded on his jouif-* 

ney to York. 

A curious boat from India waa 
rowed to Richmond, being a pre-* 
fent to hit majefty from governor 
Vanfittart. The king and queco 
came to the wnter-^de to view, i^ 
where they continued above ao 
hour, and were gradoufly plerf#4 
to declare, that the wandou* and 
elegance of its conSroftion aw 
furniture exceeded every ^ng ©C 
thatkind' they had ever &cn. 

A noble benefcaiom from tU 
German Lntheran chapel in At 
Savoy, was diftributed among th* 
numerous priibners in the Fleet ; 
the fum ^vidcd w»ft npwifdsof 

200I. 

Extrad of a letter from Chclmsn 

ford. 
«* A very uncommon phamo» 
menon appeared on THnrftoy th« 
i»th inftant, at Good Salter, m 
this county. It was firft obfcrred 
between eleven and twelwatnoon* 
by Mrs. Dowfett, who, ftanding 
at the door of her honfc, which 
has a view up to Bedford's, ano- 
ther fkrm.houfe, at ; the diftanoe 
of three fields, fuddenly heard a 
great noife refembUng tJin nder, 
At the fame time (he law a grc^ 
thick fmoke arife onu of the paf- 
ture fields between her honfe and 
Bedford's, and prefendy heard two 
cracks, as though the ^J«*,^^ 

pluckt ap by th^'J^^-.JHtSSl 
a violent wind iffbc wpm^^^r 

[L ♦] ^ ^^ 



j6q] 



ANNUAL REGISTER, 



«« from ander the fmokc," (and 
*• out of the ground," a% ihe 
thought) which twilled the fmoke 
Qp to Tome height, and went off 
violently to the honfe and barns 
at Bedford's. She foon faw the 
thatch '>f the largeft barn twifted 
up into the air, and concluded the 
houfe and oui^Aoufes were deftroy- 
ed.**IVlrs. Burton, who lives at 
Bedford's, was at the fame time 
fitting in the kitchen, and ob- 
ferving the houfe and floor (hake 
viotcatly, and all the pewter tum7 
ble off the fticlves; imagined the 
lioufe was falling ; her hiifband, 
who had laid himfelf down upon a 
bed, was awakened from his fleep 
by the terrible (haking of the 
houfe and bed. . The wind entire* 
ly ftript the thatch from the fonth- 
fide of the larged bam, deflroyed 
part of the cow-^houfe, jull touched 
the ridge of another barn, and 
went off due North. At about 
300 yards from the houfe it paffed 
between two large oak trees, whofe 
arms nearly m t, and twilling off 
their inner arms and branches, 
carried fome of them acrofs an 
adjoining meadow. Thefe trees 
plainly difcovered the breadth of 
thecolumn of air, which was about 
21 yards. At the diHance of 200 
yards farther, it met with fome 
tall elms, and tore off mapy of 
their branches ; but its force leem- 
cd to be cbnfiderably abated there. 
Some of the thatch was carried 
almoff to Ple(hy, which is about 
two meafured miles from the 
bam." 

Friburg in BrTj^au, July 30. 
We have received the melancholy 
news that tne famous abbey of 
8aint Blaife, belonging to the Be* 
nediaines, fituate in the Black 
foroft;, mne league from h^nce, 



was burnt down the 34th in(UQt» 
together with the church, caAle^ 
and other buildinga belonging to 
it. This fine building has not ^n 
ereded above 30 years ) and from 
fome circumftances, it is fuppofed 
to have been fet on fire by. incen* 
diaries. 

The royal hofpiul of Green- 
wich, in Jamaica, iuddenly took 
fire on the lath of lail faonth, 
fuppofed by lightning, and in a 
few hours was reduced to a h^^ 
of ruins, bafHine the utmofl efforts 
of his majefty's Teamen, encouraged 
by the prefence of the admiral, to 
fave it. 

Extras of a letter from CortCj 
July 26, 
*' On the }6th of this month an 
Englifti frigate arrived in the har« 
hour of ifie Rouee: ihe came from 
Portfmouth, and nude the voyage 
in 20 daytr. As foon as flie cafl an* 
chor, the captain and two other 
officers landed, and without stopping 
a moment, repaired to general 
Paoli. It iy thought that they are 
charged with fome very important 
commiffion. As foon as the French 
knew of the arrival of this fhip, 
they fent a xebeque to enquire what 
errand (he ws^l^oroe upon; but we 
do not yet know what anfwer'they 
received." 

A letter from Peterfburgh, dated 
July 29, (ays, " the cmprefsui go- 
ing to ere<ft an equeilrian fiatue in 
honour of the empcrqr Peter the . 
Great. The ficur betzki is to have 
the dire^ion of i^ ; and all archi- 
tedts and other intelligent perions 
fire invited^ with a promift of re- 
wards proportioned to tl^eir merits 
to give the academy their advice 
witn regard to decoratioxxs; in- 
fcriptions, &c. applicable to the 
fubica," 

JxtraCt 



For the YEAR 1 768. 



[161 



Extrafi of a letter from Motra, in 

Ireland, Aug. lo. 
' " A melancholy accident hap* 
pened at Adenderry lafl Wed- 
nefday; Mr. Thomas HigginfoQ> 
with his brother and a carpenter* 
were all (offocated in a well at his 
Other's. Something went wrong 
ip the pnmpt and they opened a 
hole at the top to get down a 
ladder; Mr. Thomas Higginfon 
went down firft, and had not been 
many feet in till he gave a {hout, 
and fell into the water; his brother 
ran to his aiTiilance, apd fell like* 
wife; then the carpenter, who was 
to have mended the pump, and he 
met the (ame fate. Old Mr. Hig- 
ginfon then attempted to go down, 
bat was pnUed up by his hair, or 
he would have pertmed likewife. 
They then tied a rope about 
another perfon, and let him down, 
who alfo fell ; bi\t being imme- 
iBatfly palled up, he recovered, 
thongh leeming dead for half an 
hour." 

Extrad of a letter from Paris^ 
July 25. 
** The biihop of Avranches be- 
ing refolved to make a general 
viiitation throaghout his diocefe, 
' ke pnbliflied a mandate, by which 
he gave notice thereof to all parifti 

S' ri'-fts, and other ecclefiallics, or- 
ering them at the fame time to 
make out Hfts of the number of in- 
habitants in every parifti of the dio- 
cefe ; and alfo to give him informa- 
tion under hand concerning fuch 
peribns, whether charchmea or 
laymcH, as lead a fcanda'ous life, 
negled their Chriilian duty, are 
involved in law-fults, bear malice 
againft their neighbours, and, in 
ftkOTtp whofe condud is cenfure- 
able. We are perfuaded that the 
prelate's intention is to introduce 



A reformation of manners, and 
confequently very laudubles bnt 
as fuch a novelty might give rife 
to profecutions* fnrnim the pariik 
prieih with an opportunity to 
avenge their private quarrels, .-. 
lock up the fecrets of families ia 
the bifhop's office^ and therefore 
would look like an inquiiition, the 
parliamant of Rouen has thought 
proper, to fupprefs this mandate, 
oy an arret iiTued the nth of this 
month." 

Extraft of a letter from Portfmoath, 
Auguft 25. 
** On Wed nefday evemng her 
royal highnefs the princefs dowa* 
ger of Wales, and the two princes 
of Saxe-Gotha, arrived at com* 
miflioner Hayes's in the dock* 
yard in pcrfe^ health. Her royal 
hiehnefs has been aboard his ma* 
jef y's (hip Achilles in the harbour, 
and was faluted on going on board, 
and at coming off, and likewife 
faluted from the guard (hips in the 
harbour, in a little tour round 
moft of them in a twelve oar'd 
barge. Her royal highnefs and 
the two princes will fet oat firom 
hence, we are informed, for Keir, 
on Saturday morning. Her royal 
highnefs has not as yet been in the 
garrifon.*' 

On the 24th of lad month, die 
French hoifted their ftandard on the 
walls of Baftia, as a iignal of hav- 
ing taken pofieffion of that capital 
for his moft Chriftian majcfty. 
General Paoli, on this event, de- 
clared, that he would drefs himfelf 
like the meanefl foldier, and fpend 
the lad drop of his blood, to pre- 
ferve the freedom and independency 
of his coantry. 

The parliament ^ Tholoofe in 
France iflued an arret, by which- 
-ali pcrfons under its jurifdidUon 

are 



J^^ll 



AxNNUAL REGISTER 



mfM. foFbt4d9ar-ta conform to an)( 
judgmcms paAed by thagre^jt coun* 
^U. iiDcUr fdvffre pci^iUies, This is 
jgroWjly an effort, to elude the fcn- 
tfpc^-Qf th/^ great coMncil Ia the af- 
fair of tie Calas family, by which 
* the infamous procee<IiiigsQuhepa,r- 
liftmciu ef Tho.loul» are feverel)^ 
cenfured^ 

During the coorfe of the Uft and, 
profent »onthi rho ftorms of light- 
■sngi thuQder and rain, have been 
fo fatal in many part9 of this ifland, 
%h2^ BO m^ living can remen^ber 
the like. Anjong a thoufand others, 
the following can only be record- 
ed. 

Ait^ iifyland,, in Laocafliire» on 
tho %6th of Jaly» the thunder roll- 
ed incefiantly for foor hours^ and 
the taiA that accompanied it fweli- 
«d the Maiding brook, (o rapidly, 
tkst' it bore down the bridge, 
tinrled away four boufes, and in 
mi9 the idah^bitaniff, • and witli 
thrm fuch a qiKinfciiy of hay and 
€ora as muH gruin many families : 
Zt Ai4e, in Glouceilerlhire, a figfh 
•£ lightoing fet ire to a. large 
bun, and ournt it with every 
diing in it to the ground y the 
Aiddea inundatloo9 that followed 
Ac thunder in Herefordftiire, and 
Monmouthfhire half mined the 
country; and tthe torrents th;rt 
poured from the mountains of 
Giamorganihtre fwept away men, 
woven, and catcLe, ruined the 
crop» upon the groued, and laid 
under water the little town of 
Neath; in Caermarihenihire, ivc 
dayo iiKtflant rains caufied fuch an 
tnuniatioD, that the fin« v^es 
throogk wihieh the river Tivey 
winds its courfe, were ahnofb wholly 
Overllowed, the conntry rendered 
impaffable, and the devaftalioa in- 
ei^ble; the fine crops thtt| pro* 
»ifed plenty are deftroyed, and 



il\c hopes, of the poor in that fxiutf 
ful country fruilrated ; in Somer- 
fetihire, the lightning and thun- 
der was morp drcadiul, but the 
r.ain^ lafs dedrucllve, fome oxea 
were kiilt:d in the £eld^, and fome 
barns fet on fire; in Wiltfhire* 
ibme houfes were fet on fire, and 
burnt to the ground, and one w(^« 
maft ftrock dead under a tree; at 
Tottenham High Crofs, a child 
was flruck dead by the lightning ia 
its mother's lap in a ilage coack; 
i^ the ifle of Man, the Tlehtnine; 
£tll on a clergyman's houie, ^md 
Urttck his wiie dead in her bed, the 
thunder was dreadful beyond de- 
fcription ; in CheAiire, the floods 
changed the face of the country^ 
having borne down hedges, fences, 
bridges,, and every earthly thing ; 
in Scotland) befides what has beeft 
already related, the couj>try from 
Ittvernefs to Perth has been floods 
ed .in an uncommon manner; at 
Norwich, the Ughtning fell oa 
one of the city towers, killed a 
boy, and threw down part of the 
battlements ; in Hertfordfhire the 
inundations have been very alarm- 
ing, and attended with incredible 
damage to the corn aad hay ; at 
liverpooU the moll dreadful than- 
.der, lightning, aud rains* tha< 
ever was remembered. 

There is now living at Nokc in 
Oxfordfliire, one Thomas King, 
formerly a threA\er, but who at pre-^ 
Uat fub^IUs on charity, and is of the 
very great age of 1 29. 

Died.] of the palfy, at Byfleet, 
in SuiTy> the rev. Mr. Spence, pre- 
bendary of Durham, and profcfbr 
of Modem HiHory in the nniveriit/ 
of Oxford. 

In Ireland, at his feat at Shorne^ 
hill, in the 95th year of his age« 
John Damer, ci\^ 



In 



For the TfeAR 176&, 



• Ift Ae TTpBi ye»r of hfe age, Pe- 
ter CoHisfoiir «rq- fisUow of the 
rO/al sad antiquaraa fockdes. 

. At Hackttty, aged 93, James^ 
Forbes, efq^. formerly a fopcrcargo* 
in the fitniice of tie India com- 
pany. 

At lietf hotofe iii Soho-ftfuare,. 
^^s* Ann Kkiier, who had acquir- 
ed upwards of 30*000!. as a mid^ 

<t>f«. 

At Haimpftead, aged 99, Mr* 
Joftph Mundee, fonnerl/ a fithsT* 
jsan i n Holborti. 

• At his hoofc in Hyde-itreet, 
Bloomlbury, aged 82, W. Man- 
waring, CU[. 

SEPTEMBER. 

^ The heavieft rain fell at 
**^ London and the country round 
it that has been known in the me- 
XBory of man. It began in the 
evening/ and in a few hours the 
waters poured down Ifighgate Hill 
with incredible violence; the com* 
xnoQ fewer) in fererat parts^of the 
town not beinr able to canryoff 
the torrent, the adjacent hottfe» 
were f^led almoft to the foil ftoors ; 
iamie^e damage was done, and 
a* it happened in the night jl many 
were awakened from feep in the 
Igreateft conflernatien. The ftr- 
pentine river in Hyde-park rofe fo 
high, that it forced down a part o^ 
the wall, and poured with fnch 
violence upon Kniehtfbridge, that 
the inhabiunts ex|^ed the whole 
town to be overjowed ; the canal 
in St. James's park rofe higher than 
ever was known ; in ihort, no man 
living remembers fo much rain to 
fall in fo (hort a time. About Bag- 
nigge Wells the waters rofe eight 
feet perpendicular height, though 
fbe rail) did not continue to fall 



Hkxtt eight 



wi«k violence more 
hours. * 

I Several people in Cold Bath 
fields, Mutton4anev Peter^flVeet^ 
and thofe parts» Afftained great 
damage; fome publicans had fe* 
veral craws of l^er carried ont of 
their cellars ; three oxen and feve^ 
ral hogs were carried away by the 
drain, and drowned; and in Mut- 
ton-lane^ and the lower part of 
Hockley in the Hole, the inhabit 
tants were obliged to qoit their 
ground floors, and go up ftairs, for 
fear of being drowned. 

Many butts of beer were carried 
' away from the cellar at the Che(hire 
Cheefe at Mount Pleafent, and con- 
voyed quite to Fleet-ditch, where 
they were taken out. 

The heavy rain fweWed the wa- 
ter lit the eanal in St. James's- 
Sirk fo hffgh, that k ffowed up to 
le gardeii wall belonging^ to the 
trea»iry, and wae (b deep thafi 
foot paflTengers could not paft that 
way ; the lower part* of feme geu- 
tlemen'yhoufa near the tr e af ui y 
were orerftowedf a5 was the wil* 
deme(s; the eentinef placed neac 
the littk gate leading mto Dtrke- 
ftreet was oblrged to quit his box ; 
the cellars in Several parts of 
Weftminfter were filled with wa- 
ter, and cosnderable damage wat 
done. 

The oAces under die earl of 
Sttflblk's hottfe had four feet water 
in them ; aff that fide of St. James's 
park> the Birdtage-walk, 5x« were 
overflowed. 

Upwards of fdrty fmall craft, ea 
the river below bridge, were Aink» 
drove on fhore, or bulged by the 
violence of the florm ; and a coU 
lier in Long reach was driven from 

her anchors, and beat her keel oflft 

(evfial flnps aUb received damago 

• by 



i64] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



by ronning foul of each oj^cr 
among the tiers at the fwingiag . 
chains. 

The late duke of Cumberland's 
fine water«works» in Windfor Fo- 
reft, were intirely deilroyed ; feve- 
ral perfons were drowned in dif-, 
ferent places, as well as faorfes, 
oxen, and hogs. 

The ft: rm was fo violent at Bru- 
ton, Wilts, that it fwc'led the river 
three feet perpendicular within &v^ 
/intnates ; feveral people bad great 
part of the houlhold goods, which 
were below ftairs, carried away, 
with the torrent : many walls are 
thrown down, as is part of the 
town bridge, and the bridge at 
WcH-end is blown up, fo that there 
is no paifing. 

His Danifh majefly, with 120 
perfons in his retinae, arrived at 
York, where the lord mayor and 
corporation had preyed to re- 
ceive and entertain him in a fplen- 
did manner ; bat his majefty po- 
litely declined all formality, viftted 
theminfler, and other pubUc build- 
ings, and next day fet out on his re- 
torn to London ; in his way to which 
he vifited Manchefter, where he 
was particularly grktified by view- 
ing the ftupeadous works of the 
du^e of Bridgewater, at which he 
cxpreiled both aftoniihment and 
pleafure. 

At the. aniuveriary meeting of 
the fons of ^iie clergy held at New- 
cadle, the collection amounted to 
322I. and fome Oiilllngs. 

There is a windmill near Sir 
Charles Pcers's, at Bromley in 
Kent, which being in a difagfee- 
able fituation. Sir Charles is now 
moving the whole building toge- 
ther, by means of capllerns. It is 
to be removed 400 yards, and 
proceeds at the rate of four yards 
*day. # 



Yefterday, at a nnm^oas extra-- 
oftlinau^ meeting of the royal fo- 
ci^ty, hu Danifli majefty was by 
ballot ananimoudy eleded a fel* 
low of the fame. 

.- On Mondav laft Mr Rich- % 
ards, of Heageland inBerk- 
ihire, opened a fow that died fad- 
denly> when 38 pigs were found in 
the body ,one of which had fix legs. 

Tuefday was h6ld at Briftol the 
annual meeting of the clergy, and 
fons of the clergy, when the col« 
ledion at the cawhedral, and the 
taylor's-hall,, amounted to 207!. 
178. 

This night, abont half an ^t. 
hour pad nine o'clock, his ^^' 
Panifh maielly arrived at St. 

iames^s frbm his tour in the Norths 
»ut laft from Derby. His ma- 
jefty travelled, \n the courfe of 
feven days, near 600 miles* 

They write from Copenhagoi, 
that the equeftriaa ftatue of the. 
late king, which the India com- 
pany have been at the expence of, 
was placed on its pedeftal the 15 th 
inftant. Count Moltke had the 
honour of entertaining the reign- 
ing and dowager queens upon this 
occaHon ; their majefties having 
been pleafed to fee the ceremony 
of removing and placing the ib^ 
tue from the hotel of that noUe- 
man, pppofite to which the ftatue 
is fixed. 

. We hear that the dain^ge done 
by the late heavy rain to the inha- 
bitants about Windfor great park 
is, upon a proper furvey, ejlimated 
at 9Q00I. and that it will, coft 
3000I. to repair the damage done 
within the faid park. 
. The guards were removed » 
from the king's-bench prifon, ^ 
after havine been quartered there 
ever fmce tne latter end of Ap^il 
iaft. OxK 



n 



For the YEAR 176S. 



[16s 



' On Sattttdayj after the opent, the 
Icing of Denmark, attended by the 
principal nobiemen who compofe 
his fiute, went to take a view of 
Mrs. Cornelys's l^ufe in Soho- 
f(i|aare« Several of the foreign mi- 
Bifier$« other foreigners of dillinc- 
non» and of the Engliih mobility v 
were alii> .prefent) ta m^et his ma* 
jefty on the occ^fion. Mrs. Cor» 
Aelys had put the apartm^tsin all 
the poiiible order ih^t a few honrs 
notice would admit of, and the 
wkolewere fplendidly illuminated 
with upwards of Siooo wax lights. 
The moment the (cing entered the 
gipandroom* thcmufic (con^iling of 
French horns, clarinets, banboii^. 
Sec.) began playing, and his ma- 
jcfty reemi?4.very- m^ich pleafcd at 
the agreeable manner of his recep- 
tion. .Dancing wa^propofed ;- the 
king opened the ball with thf dfh- 
cbfls. pf . Ancaiter, md named the 
fecond minuet with the countefii of 
Harrington: the minuets were fuc- 
ceeded by Engiiib-coontry-dances, 
and thofe by the French cotillons. 
The com pjkny then withdrew to teft> 
Sec* Among^ the perfons of high 
mnk, who were 'pre{iint on this oe^- 
cafion, were theprince and princess 
of Maflerano; the princefs Barba- 
r igo ; their excellencies tlie Pruflian> 
I>aniih, Swediih, and Venetian mi- 
nivers; their graces the duke ahd 
4nchefs of Ancailer, and their ion, 
the marquis of Lindfay ; the cotin- 
. tefs of Harrington, and her daugh- 
ters, lady Bell and lady Harriet 
Stanhope; lady Grofvenor, lady 
Sondes; lady Jane Scott; the earl 
of Huntingdon ; earl of March ; 
the Ruffian general Filofofow, &c. 
. A moft magnificent en- 

tertainment was eiven to the 
king of Denmark, at dion houfe, 
by the duke and duchefs of- Nor« 



thumberland. An inexpreffible va- 
riety of emblematical devices were 
illuminated wit)i more than 15,000 
lamps; and the temple erefled in 
the inner court was ornamented 
with tranfparent paintings, that 
had a very happy effeft. Their 
royal highneflfes the princefs Ame- 
lia, the dukes of Gloucefterand 
Cumberland, with more than 200 
of the principal nobility, were pre- 
fent opon this occaiion, who vied 
with each other in {hewing their 
refpeft to the royal gueft. 

This day the fcflions end- , 
ed at the OldBailey ; at this ^ f ^' 
feffion nine -have been capitally con- 
viilcd ;. thirty- four were ordered to 
be tranfportcd for feveri years, and 
one for fourteen years $ fix were 
branded in the hand ; nine privately 
.whipped, and one to be publicly 
-whipped in Tower-ftreet : twenty- 
feVen were difcharged for want of 
proiecutibn. 

Among the prifoners capitally 
conviAed, were Richard Holt, for 
pobliihing' a^ bill of exchange for 
the; payment of loI. diredled to 
Henton Brown and co. bankers, 
with intent to defraud mcfT. Town 
and Burdank, haberdafhers, in 
Cannon-ftreet ; and Richard Slo- 
cpmbe, for perfonating Richard 
^ocombe his father, and tranner- 
Wng 50I. of the new South-fea an- 
nuities, his father's property. 

The father of thisunhappy young 
man had no band in theprofecution, 
nor did he appear at the trial. He 
was dete^ed by chance, by one of 
the clerks, who had been acquaint- 
ed with the father. The circum- 
'Aances were foch as greatly excited 
compaffion ; he faid at the trial, that 
the 500I. (lock, entered in the books 
in his father's name, was a legacy 
left to hifflfelf by an aunt ; and that 

he 



i66] ANNUAL RECIStER 

lieijioag^ht /he wms trasferimg hh maker* in OBEt)uinn&4hreee» 4ii4 

•WQ property; that, if iie imouled Mr. Sxni^'sy a o^per, in Exet^* 

a fraud, lie migiiit ^as weE diave ih-eet, wtre damaged. The fire 

iaaoafervod the whole ^ocd. was . difcovered by a ^ervairtHnBvI 

Aim, meeting of tke tlwee choirs «t the Fountaii^taveriH and (he Ksd 

at Hereford, the t:oHe6fcion for the, juft time to alarm the hnaky, t» 

iiridows and orphans of the clergy prevent (heir periflii^g in theflames. 

eN0aedod4^1. the latf eftcoiledioa The nnftrefs lof the Fountain with 

ever made. diftcnlty faved ^er children ; tte 

loth ^ very grand entertain- fervants f oft all their apparel. Mr; 

^ ' anent was given by their ma* Wright's fumitore imd ftdck in, 

lefties CO the king of Denmark, at trade were oonfttmed» as was mott 

the x[neen"f palace, aft which the of that of the Foantain tavern. A 

princefs dowager of Wales, the duke party of^ '{bldlers was fent 'from the 

of Gloocefter, and a great number Savoy, 16 prevent the mob froi^ 

of the nobility, were preiisnt. There plundering the Aifferers. 

w^ce 170 covers in the entertain*- By letters from Great Marlow, i|i 

snent ; afterwards there was a ball, tthe county of fiucks, by Monday's 

His Danifh majefby went to the poft, we are infiHrmed of great lofies 

-qaecn's palsrce at half an hour paft /-laftained by the inhabitants, fcom 

^veno*clock. The ball was opened the overflowing of the fiverThalnos 

about nine o'clock, by the Jcing of "by the lite heavy rains, and that 

tDenmark and the ^ueen : after the navigation of the river is ftop« 

which his Britiih majefty danced a ped, the Thames being then above 

minuet with the dachefs of Anc^fter. a mile over by eke flood. 

Country-dances then commenced ; The banks of the river are at pre> 

andaboQt eleven their majeftiesand fyat fo much overJSowed in Berk*- 

the nobility withdrewtoiportake of ihire, that the Weft-coudtry barges 

the -elegant entertainments pro- cannot come to London. 

vided ; Toon after twelve, country- A few days ago farmer Haikins, 

idances recommenced, and were xnf Highworth, in Wiltlhire, fold 

continued till half aniiour paft four ^four rams to a gentleman of Ire* 

o'clock; when the king of Den- land, fo remarkably large and fine 

anark withdrew, as did their xmu as to product him 70 guineas* 

jefties and the itobiKty. On the 29th of laft month, the 

^ol. Brudenell was mafter of the king dfDraimai'k viiited, enpailant» 

ceremonies at the ab^ve grand ball the univerfity of Cambridge, in his 

and entertainment. riding drefs and boots, being re^ 

On Friday moviung, at half an ceived by the officers in their fcorUt 

ikOur after £ve, a ^re broke out at robes; after which the vice-ohan- 

Mr. Wright's, hatter, inCatharine- cellor fupped with the king at his 

.ftreet, in the Strand, which intirely inn. From thence he went to Tad- 

•confiimed that houfeywiththe Foun- cafter, Wentworth - cafUe, York» 

fifcain tavern; alfo bnmed the infide Leedfl,Grimiyiok'pe, Burleigh ,New> 

ef the White-^hart alehoufe, and of ark, Derby, Chatfworth, Liverpool, 

ith^ Bhu:k fwan alehoufe in Exeter* Manchefter, the dnke of Bridgewa-> 

ftreet» and deftroyed a back-houfe. ter's canal, Leieefter, Harborough, 

^ ehnufe iofJ^4 Crocket, -peniko* 4cc. and furrived in London on the 

5th. 



For the YEAJt i-jSt. 



U6j 



jch. Vk -fincfc fet -out otiafnothcr 
Ui», 4l1nd ^m the 17th anrived at 
Oxfoyd, aboot twelve o^clock ; and 
wm Ifi^Aiitly waited ujpon 1>y the 
rev . Dr.'DuyeH , • the vice-chancellor » 
Wit^tbecompUmentsof the aniver- 
fiiy, flnd 'to ktiow his majelly's 
plM(bi«} ftU)n after which the vice- 
c^aAcetlot returned to St. Mary's 
church, wherethe heads of colleges^ 
doS^ofs, proMbrs^ prodors, Und 
Other members of the aniveprity> in 
tlieir proper habits, were aiffembled; 
upon whichitwas made known that 
f he king had fignified his' intention 
«f accepting a degirte frcttn the oni- 
v^rfry. ^vom St. Mary's the vice- 
ebjlncellor, heads of hoofes. Sec. 
iMAt in -proceflion, attended by the 
tatadlesaad other oihccrsoftheuni- 
nntf&ty, nnd condu&ed the king and 
Ms- retinue to Qoeen's college. All- 
btmU, RadcliiF library, public 
Mk^hy^Stave ^Hery, and Bod^ 
leiao library $ afterwards^to Wed^ 
loiiki, Sc. ^c^'s, atrd;Tfkiky col- 
lege? from thence, through the 
jMnting-hotfTe^ to the -divini^ 
jchool, when his 4najefty and his 
iioUa»Wflre haUted, -and proceeded 
%o the theatre, where, in full con- 
iwoation, the king had the honorary 
^gree 6f dod:or incivil law con*- 
ierr«d 'Won hkn, to which lie was 
^>r«Pented bv Dr. Vanfittart/the re- 
^itfs nrofeiror of law : his !Danifh 
•mqefty being then plated in the 
^httncellor^ RNtt> lus nobles were 
fntfented with the like degree by 
tht iakmt {entlenNUi; who having 
been cond^ed to their feats, the 
tfltyfician'of his jxmjefty's honfhold 
4fad the honorary degree of doctor 
ih pkyfic eonfi^rred upon hin>, to 
iwhich hev was presented by the 
begins profeflbr in phyfic. 

His najefty entered the theatre 
nunittft %ht ac^bmations of a no* 



inerotis and genteel company, and 
appeared highly plejifed 'with the 
reception, very pc^lhcly bo^-incg a6 
he advanced. After leaving the 
theatre, -his majefty was conduced 
to Chrift ChiiYch, and the reft of 
the colleges ^on the fouth *fide of 
the city, and appeared to be greatly 
fku^k -with me elegBoce of Ac 
buildings, Ibtues, pf6^ures, &c. 
^c* exprcfling the bigheft fatif- 
fhflion. . 

From Oxford he viftted Ditchlry*- 
pa^, Blenheim, Woodrtock, Buck- 
ingham, and lord Temple's ^t Stow, 
He has fmcc vifited Hampton-couit 
^aiac'e and Windfor caftlc ; hut his 
journeyings are fo rajpid, and his 
ftay at places fo fhort, that, if he iji 
not a youth bf more than common 
talents,- he muft have a very con- 
fttled idea of what he fees. Hrs 
'perfon and behaviour, how.ever, 
iave fo many charms, that the 
people, every- where, high and 
low, feem captivated with him to 
a very high degree. 

His Daniih majefty hav- . 

ing previoufly condefccndcd *^ 
•to dine with the lord-mayor. Sir 
JE^obert Ladbroke, knt. locum re^ 
nens {theright hon. the lord-Tnaj^or 
being indifpofed), together with the 
aldermen and ftierift?, attended by 
the ciry-officers, fet oirt from Guild- 
-hall for the Three Cranes, the lo- 
cum tcnens being in the ftatcrcoach, 
accompanied by deputy JohnPatcr- 
fon, efq; (who was defircd to aft as 
interpreter on thisoccaftoii), and the 
aldermen and ftieriffs in their re- 
fpeAivecarriages.Ateleveno*clock, 
they embarked on board the cicy 
ftate barge, the ftreamers flying, a 
feleft band of water mnfic playing 
in the ftem, the principal livery 
companies attending in theirrefpcc- 
tive barges. At theftairslcading to 

New- 



1 68] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



New-palace-}'ard, a detachment of 
grenadiers of the hon^ rtiilery com- 
panf attended to receive the locum 
tenensy aldermen, and iherifTs, who 
«pon notice of his Danifii majefty's 
i4>proach» immediately landed to 
receive and condud him on board. 
As foon as his Danilh majedy enter- 
ed the barge he was fainted by fe- 
Teral pieces of ca,nnony and the 
joyfnl acclamations of the ieveral 
livery companies, and a vaft fur> 
roonding multitude. 

The locUm tenens, in order to 
give his majefly a more complete 
view of the cities of London and 
Weftminfter, and of the river and 
thefeveral bridges thereon (which as 
well as the river itfclf, and the Ihorc 
on both fides, were crouded with 
innumerable rpedators) ^ordered the 
^te barge to take a circuit as far as 
Lambeth > from whence (he was 
Peered down as far as to the ftecl- 
yard, through the centre arch of 
WeftminftcT-bridgc, and thence up 
to Temple-ftairs, his majeily being 
faluted at the new-bridge, both at 
his goirfg and returning through 
the great arch, by fifes and drums, 
and the fhouts of the feveral work- 
men above, and French horns un- 
derneath. 

During the courfe of this grand 
proceflion on the water, his majefty 
frequently expreffed himfelf highly 
pleafedi and his admiration of the 
ieveral great and beautiful objeAs 
roand, him : and fometimes conde- 
fcended to come forward in order to 
gratify the curiofity of the people, 
who eagerly fought to <^et a fight 
of his royal perfon, though at the 
hazard of their lives. 

At the Temple, his majefty (bc- 
ine landed on a platform ereded 
and matted on purpofe, and nnder 
an awning covered with blue cloth) 



was there received by fome of.tlie 
benchers of both focieties, and 
conduced to the Kftddle*TempIe- 
hall, where an elegant collatioa 
had been provided for hiiM. 

His majefty, after taking fone 
reffeihment, and thanking the two 
focieties for their polite reception 
and entertainment, was condudei 
to the city iiate coach, in which his 
majeily took his feat on the right 
hand of the locum tenens, being 
accompanied in the coach by his ex- 
cellency count Bernfdorff and Mr. 
deputy Paterfon, attended by the 
fwQrd and mace, and followed by 
nine noblemen of his ma jefty^s re- 
tinue, and by the aldermen and (he- 
riffs in a long train of carriigcs. 
From the Temple, his majefty (pre- 
ceded by the artillery company 9 and 
worfhipful company of ^Idfmiths, 
the city marfhaU on horfeback, and 
the reft of the city officers on foot)i 
was conduced to the Manfion* 
Houfe ; the fevend ftreets through 
which his majeftypafled* viz. Fleet* 
ftreet, Ludgate hill, and Ludgate- 
ftreet,St.Paurscharch-yard,Cheap- 
fide, and the Poultry, beineerouded 
with an innumerablepopu lace, while 
the windows and tops of hoofei were 
equally crouded with fpe^ators of 
both fexes, whofe acclamations* to- 
gether with the ringing of be^Is, 
and the Ihouts of the multitude, 
loudly exprefied their joy at his ma- 
jefty's prefence; his majefty expref- 
fing hisfurprize at the populoufiieli 
of this city, and his fatisfa^ion at 
the kindnefs of the citizens. 

At the man£on-hottfe, his majefty 
was receive by the committee (ap- 
pointed to manage the entertain- 
ment), in their mazarine gowns J 
who, with white wands, o&eredhu 
majefty into the great parlour,wherc 

after he had rcfted himfelf a few mi- 
nutest 



Pot tb€ YEAR 1761 



I169 



«ate$, Mr. common fcrjeant (in the 
abftaceof Mr. Recorder) made him 
the city's compliments, in the foU 
Jowing words i 
- « ^fofl illuftrious prince^ 

"The lord-mayor, aldermen, and 
commons of the city of London, 
hombly beg leave to exprefs their 
gratefol feofe of your very oblieing 
condefcenfion, in honouring tnera 
with yoar prcfence at the maniion 
of their chief magiftrate. 

" The many endearing ties which 
happily conncifl yoa, fir, with our 
no.l gracious fovereign, juftly en- 
title you to the refped ^nd venera- 
tion of all his raajefty's faithful fub- 
Kfts, But your affabiliiy, and other 
princely virtues, fo eminently dif- 
pUycd during the whole courfe of 
yoar rciidence amongft us, have, in 
a particular manner, charmed the 
citizens ofLondon 1 who reflet with 
admiration on your early and un- 
common tKirft of knowledge, and 
yottc indefatigable purfuit of it by 
travel and obfervation ; the happy 
froits of which, they doubt not^ 
•ill belong employed and aclcnow- 
Hged within the whole extent of 
joar influence and command. 

" Permit us, fir, to exprefs our 
ttrncft uifhcs, that your perfonal 
iwcrconrfc with our moll amiable 
tBonarch may tend to encreafe and 
perpetuate a friendlhip fo eflential 
to the protellant intereft in general, 
aad fo likely to promote the power, 
^pinefs, and profperity of the 
Brittih and Danifh nations; and that 
tie citizens of Lcmdon in parti- 
cular, may ever be honoured with 
a iuire of year remembrance and 
«gard.- 

To thit compliment his majefly 
•as pleafed 10 return a moft polite 
•afwer, in the Daniih language; 
•hich, by his maieliy'a pcrmiflion, 

Vot.XL 



was interpreted to the company hy 
Mr. Deputy Paterfonj as follows^ 
** Gentlemen, 

'* I am highly fenfiUe of the kini- 
nefs of your expreffions to me ; I d^- 
fire you will accept iny beft thanks 
in return, and be fully perfiuUied, 
that I can never forget the afe^ion 
whicH the Britiih nation is pl^fed 
to (hew me, and th;it I (hall afways 
be difpofed to prove mpr gtattff^l 
fenfe of it to them, and in partico- 
lar» to yoa, gentlemftOy and ihit 
great, celebrated, and floarifiiiil^ 
city which yoa govcm.** 

Upon notice that the dintter wais 
f^rved, his majefly, with th^kKum 
ten ens on his left, was condu6led 
by the committee iftto the Egyptian 
hall ; where hb majeft>icoDdefcend* 
ed to proce^ <|iiite round, that the 
ladies (who mi^de a mod britliaot 
appearance in the galleries) mi^ht 
have a full view of his royal perfon; 
and all the gentlemen of the eora« 
mon council below, an opportunity 
of perfon^j paying him their re* 
fpedls. 

His majefty being feated in a chair 
of date, on the right hand of tht 
locum tenens, at a cable placed upon 
an elevation acrofs the upper end 
of the hall, with his noble attendants 
on the right, and theaWermen abort 
the chair on the left, was Tainted 
by a band of above 40 of the beft 
performers, in an orcheflra fronting 
his majefty's table. 

During the dixmer, the following 
toails were drank, being proclaimed 
by found of trumpet, viz. 

1. The king. 

2. The oueen, prince of Wales, 
and royal family. 

3. His majefty of Denmark arid 
Norway. 

4. The queen and royal family 
of Denmark. 

[M] $.?to{pt' 



.^7^] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



5. Profpciity to the kingdoms of 
penmark and Norway. 

After which his inajcfty was 
.pleafed to propofe the following 
toafls, which were proclaimed in 
.the fame manner, viz. 

i. Profpcrity to the Britilh nation. 

2. Proipcrity to the city oi Lon* 
don.. 

Mr. Deputy Paterfon had the ho* 
Doar to attend his majefty as inter- 
preter. His msyefly, through him, 
-repeatedly cxprelGng to the locum 
tenens how much he admired the 
grandeur of the Egyptian hall, tbp 
brilliancy of the illuminations round 
iti the magnificence of the dinner, 
the excellence of the mu(ic, and the 
.good order and decorum of the 
.wl>ole entertainment. 
- After dinner, his maj**fty was re- 
conducted into the great parlour, 
Avherc he was prefented with tea 
and coffee, and entertained with 
iolos on different inHruments, by 
fevcral capital performers. 
. , At eight, his majefty and his re- 
tinue, alter taking Icav/of the lo- 
cum tenens and the corporation, 
yere ufliercd to their coaches, the 
committee going before hi* majefty 
with wax-lights. His majefty then 
returned to his apartments in St. 
James's palace, amidft the fame 
crowd and acclamations as before, 
with the addition of iUuminaticnl 
in almoft every window, that the 
pcoplemight h a vet he pleafureof fee- 
ing his majefty as long as pofiible. 

The difpofition of the lights (at 
Icaft 2Cco),th'* arrangements of the 
tables, the crtclion of the tempo- 
rary orchfftra, and the whole of the 
ornamenting of the Egyptian halJ^ 
were executed with the utraoft pro- 
priety and elegance, under the di- 
reftlbr of Mr. George Dance^ clprk 
to the city works. 



The bill of fare at the king of Den- 
mark's table wa5 as follows : 
O 
Chickens Harrico 
Spanifti Olia, Turtle, Mullets, 
Vcnifon, [removes 

O O 

Tongue Collops of 
larded fweetbrcads 4 Vege- 
O [tables 

Quails 
Ortolans 
Pheafants 
Notts 
Tourt 
Green peas 
Artichokes 
Ragou Royal 
Gieen Truffies 
Muftirooros 
Epergke. 
8 Cold Plates round 
Shell Fifti in Jelly 
Chickens 
Fillets of Hare, Olia, Harrico, 
Turbots, Venifon [renac^ves 
Small Weflphalia Hams, 4 Vege- 

[ tables 
. Pea Chicks 
Partridges 
Pheafants 
Quails 
Perigo Pye 
Artichokes 
Cardooiid 
Ragou 

Green Truffles 
Green Peas 
Epergne. 
8 Cold Plateb round 
Ai'pedtf of Sorts 

Chickens 
pollops of Leveret, Turtle, Tongue* 
Dorics, Venifon, [removes 

Tendrons, 4 Vegetables 
Qu.ils 
Ortolans 
Notts 

Wheat 



For the YEAR .1768, 



[171 



re 



Wheat Ears 

Godivea Pyc 

Ragoa 

Green Morells . 

Peas 

Combs 

Fat Livers 
Eperonb 
8 Cold Plates round 
Shell Filh in Marinade 

Collops of Turkey 
Fillets of Lamb, Terene, Chick- 
ens, Soals, Venifon^ Weflphalia 
hun ^ [removes 

Partridge 

Leveret 

Ruffs and Rees 

Wheat ears 

French Pyc 

Muih rooms 

Green Morells 

Fat Livers 

Combs 

Notts » 

8 2;niKl ornamental difhes, fweet 

and favory. 
t liilhes of fine paHry. 

T]ie king of Denmark's table 
« St. James's is at the expence of 
^ kme of Great Britain. Be» 
^ inferior ones, there arc two 
pnodpal tables; that of his Da- 
^3i majefty is noble ; the defcrt is 
'^fpxkt and fuperb ; and the whole 
^ coil b efliroated, we hear, at 
^ (cxclnfive of wines) com pre- 
ying Dot the dinner alone, but 
f'ery meal. 

Doblin, Sept. 6. On Sunday 
^ grace the dnke of Bedford and 
^^ right honourable Richard Rig- 
^ anivcd from Parkgate. His 
inct has been complimented on 
^ arriral by a number^ of perfons 
• ih€ firit diftinaion. We hear , 
*M his grace will- be inftalled 
'^aaicdlor of our oniveriity on Fri- 
^yaext. 



A letter from Rome, dated Au* * 
guft 24, fays, " We ftill expert- ' 
ence unheard-of hot weather. The . 
great drought produces an abfolute 
icarcity of herbs, pulie, and many 
of the neceilaries of life. We have 
every thing to fear for our vines. 
The heat u fo ardent that it 
hath occaiioned fires to break : 
out in fome forefts and harveft- 
fields/; 

A Sicilian lady at Palermo, hav- 
ing been fevcrely reprimanded by 
her mother-in-law, for fome irrc- • 
gularities in her conduct, which 
her hufband complained of, re- 
fented the matter fo violently, that 
(he went the next day to her mo« . 
ther-in-law's bed, while (he was 
aileep, and cut her throat. S^'ized 
then with horror at her crime, (he 
fainted away at the bed's-fide, in 
which condition (he was found . 
there and conduced to prifon. 
The council of Sicily have con- 
demned her to have her head cut 
oiF; and it is fuppofed Ihe will 
foon undergo this puni(hment» not* 
withftanding the great folicitationa 
that are making tor her, at court, 
by fome of her relations. 

Drefden, September 7. Thet 
military order, juft inftituted here, . 
is not, as was firft defi^ned by the 
adminiftrator, the reftoration of^ 
the order of St. Henry, but a new 
diftinflion of the fame order in his 
own name. The ceremony of this 
new inflitution was perrormed on 
Sunday lafl by his royal highnefs^ 
who created twenty-fix knights, 
among whom wei;e his brother- 
Charles, and the marfhal chevalier 
de Saxe. The chancellor began 
the ceremony by a (hort dii'courfe^ 
fetting forth the motives that had 
induced the prince udminiHrator 
to inAitute tnis order : he faid 
[M 2] *' tha^ 



i7t] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



<< chat hii royal hif hnefs having 
had io the late war, when he com- 
jnxnAed the Saxon troops, an op- 
portunity of obferving the valour 
and merit of his ofHcers, wat glad 
to give them a public tediroony 
of his approbation; that having, 
with inccfTaat labour, edablifhed a 
refpe^ble army in Saxony, after 
acComplifliing i'o necei&ry a mea- 
fure for the prefer vation of the 
country, he embraced the earlieil 
opportahity or' inilituting a new 
military order (of which his ne- 
f>h9tv the elector was grand mafler), 
whcTfby he might reward the 
ntilicary merit of fome whofe va- 
loar ht had been witnefs to, and 
ike indefatigable^ zeal of others 
who had affiled hi'm in furmount- 
ing the obflacles he had met '^ith 
in augmenting the army, and find- 
iitg lunds for its maintenance ; 
that, at the fame time, this order 
with the penfions annexed to it, 
was intended as an /incentive to 
emQlation in military men, who 
Sttight^eruinly promife themfelves 
ckofe J iftingoi thing marks, accord- 
ing at thoy ihoold merit them, 
by excelling in knowledge and 
f'virited behaviour in theit pro- 
fefficn." 

The crofi is oftangular, ena* 
melled in white, and nearly re- 
fembUng that of Malta, with a 
'fcatcheon in the middle. On one 
fide is feen St. Henry in his im- 
perial r^bts, and round his name 
the following infcription : ** ha- 

VIRIVS PaiNCEPS fOL. OVX ET 
Al>MlNlSTaATOa SAX. INSTI- 

t^iT, 1768." Onthereverfearethe 
fwords of Saxony, encircled with 
9 laurel wreath, and the following 
motto: ** viarvTi iw bello." 

An epidemical diflemper hav- 
ing broke Cmi among the homed 



cattle in fome parifhes of the Ly- 
^htiob and the Dauphiny, the in- 
habitants applied for zf^tt^nce to 
the Ecole royale Vetcrinaire, who 
fent fome fludents, by whofe ap- 
plication, out of 378 beafts which 
had the dift^mper in the parilh of 
Marennes, only two died. They 
had loft 22 bealb there, before the 
arrival of the fieur Joli, one of the 
fludents. A liil is published of 
64 perfons whoft cattle have btca 
cured or kept alive in diStt- 
ent parifhes by the fkill of the 
above gentleman « and other fto- 
dents. 

Conftantineple, Auguft 17. A 
fire broke out the 6th indant in 
the palace of the grand fizir, by 
which that magniftcent building 
was entirely confumed, and the 
greateft part of the rich furniture 
m it. That prime mihiftcr's fpoofc 
with great difficulty efcaped the 
flames. 

The quantity of rice exported 
from Charles-town, from the ift 
of November, laft to this day, is 
1 1 1 ,203 barrels 5 and the price 
now is 3I. los. per cwt. 

Laft Friday a water-fpout fell 
at Langton Herrings, in the couity 
of Dorfet, and uncovered fevcn 
houfes and three barns. The fi^nc 
water was f<»en to rife out of t)ie fti 
near Abbotfbury. 

A grand entertainment ^j,^ 
was provided, by order of 
his Majefty, at Richmond -lodge, 
for the king of Denmark. A moK 
elegant ftru^lure was erefted, w 
the centre of which was a Ittg* 
triumphal arch, about forty f^^ 
high, of the Grecian order, deco- 
rated with figures, trophies, »nd 
other embelli£ments ; from which, 
00 each fide, was a range of ^' 
tucs, fupporting feiloons of (^^' 

CIS 



For the >Y£AR 1768. 



[»73 



ers> la proper coloors : at the 
termination on each iide> were 
two le^er arches, through which 
appeared emblematical piflures> 
tuuding to the arts and Iciences, 
the whole in extent 200 feet. 
Thcfe were all tranfparencies, with 
foch oatiide tllaminations as the 
defign would admit. The great 
arch led into a very fuperb inclo- 
fed pavUion, in the centre of tirhich 
was a dome, fup ported by eight 
colasmsy wreathed - with flowers, 
and ornamented with gold ; from 
the centre the plan extended four 
ways, with apartments within for a 
baad of muiic, fideboards. Sec. 
the whole decorated with elegant 
paiitings. At one end was a 
ptflage to another room, which 
was painted and ornamented like- 
wife 00 three fides, the other being 
aD glazed for feeing the fire- 
works, which were fome of the 
incft ever exhibited. The enter- 
tainment was in every refpefl equal 
to the magnificence of the ilru dure ; 
aid their Majedies, and the nobi- 
lity prefent, were pleafed to ex- 
prcG their entire fatisfaAion. 
j^ji When the king of Den- 
mark was in the Teraple- 
kan oa Friday laft, James Weft, 
H<|; prefented to his Majefty an 
^ient medal, that was ftruck on 
occafioD of a marriage of a prince 
^ Denmark with one of the royal 
fwaily of England, which his 
Blajefty was pleafed to accept, and 
to fay chat he had never ieen one 
of them. 

On the td inftant, the laft arch 
of the bridge over the river Tees 
u Stockton was finifhed. The 
IpU) of the middle arch is fe- 
*;8ty-two feet, that of the two 
•djmning arches. (ixty feet, and 
tk« other two forty-four feet each. 



The whole of this wdrk is ex« 
tremely well executed. 

Of the ten archbiihops of Can- 
terbury (ince the Reftoration, it 
appears that Drs. Potter and Seeker 
died at the age of 75, Dr. Sancroft 
at 77, Dr. Tennifon at 78, Drs. 
Sheldon and Wake at 79, and Dr. 
Juxon at 81 ; of the other thre^. 
Dr. Hutton died at about 60, Dr. 
Tillotfon at 6^, and Dr. Herxing 
at 65. 

We are informed from Rome* 
that a fire broke out on the 30th 
ult. in the library of the Vatican, 
^hicK began in the head librarian's 
apartment, and deftroyed all his 
books and papers, together with 
fome valuable works which were 
preparing for the prefs. The 
lame letters add, that the church 
of the Trinitarians at Montenero, 
near the palace of the French aiA- 
balTador, alfo lately took fire, and 
that the whple edifice, with all its 
ornaments, &c. was confiimed, ex- 
cept the elory aad the hod, which 
were preicrved from the flames by 
a prieft, and at the otmofl hazard 
of bis life. 

They write from Naples, that 
the excefiive dronghb wtiich they 
have had the whole fummer lues 
raifed provifions to fuch an exorbi- 
tant price as was hardly ever before 
known there. 

They alfo advife, that the eonm- 
cil of marine there have refolved* 
agreeable to his Majefty 's {^eafurci 
to fupprefs all their galleys, and 
to apply the money, requifiite for 
their conftrudion and fupport, in 
building ftiips of greater utility. 

A courier has. been difpatched 
from the court of Rome to their 
imperial Majefties to know whether 
they countenance the condnA and 

[M si pre- 



*74l 



ANNUAL RLGISTER 



pretenfions of the duke of Medina 
upon the Ferrareze. 

Letters from Wri/)er mention 
the death of the princefes Eleonorc- 
Bcrnardine, landgravefs by birth 
of Hpffe Reinfolds, and countefs 
dowager of Beniheim, aged 73. 

John Taylor, of Pcncoyd, in 
the county of Hereford, was lately 
recovered of his phrenfy, in the hof- 
pital of Bethlem# and difcharg- 
cd, after beine one year under 
the care of that noble charity. 
V/\\SLt is remarkable, he had a 
particular antipathy to his teeth ; 
and, during the time of his infanity, 
would petition any perfon to draw 
them, or rather pull them out with 
pincers, or any other inHrument, 
not objedling to a hammer be- 
ing exercifed on his jaws for that 
purpofe ; when he was fent to 
cethlem, he had only one remain- 
ing in his head, which he fbon got 
rid of by the afliflance of one of his 
flighty companions, and from that 
time grew better every day in liis 
intellc£ls. 

'. On Wcdncfday morn- 

^ * ing, about half an hour 
after ten, his Danifh majefty, at- 
tended by three nobles, went in a 
coach and four, from hb aj^art- 
xnents at St. James's, for Wool- 
wich, bein^ followed by four other 
carriages with his attenaaiits, to fee 
his Majefty's ihip the Denmark, 
of 74. guns, launched at that 
place ; and, after viewing the war- 
ren, dined with the commiflioncrs, 
and returned in the evening to St. 
James's. 

Yefterday his Majefty was pleaf- 
cd to honour the fociety of artifts 
of Great Britain with his prefencc, 
at their room in Spring-gardens, 
\o view an exhibition oF piAures, 
ice prepared for him, where he 



(laid a confiderablc^ time, and ex- 

preifed his fatisfa£lion in the moR 

obliging manner. 

Extradt of a letter from Dublin, 

Sept. 12. 

" Lail Frid'iy evening, after Ms 
grace the duke of Bedford was in- 
ftalled chancellor of our univerfity 
(when not only the provoft, fel- 
lows, ftudents, &c. but the lord 
lieutenant, nobility, and gentry, 
attended), U moft elegant dim^r 
was given by his erace, confiMng 
of 250 dilhes, and a moft magni- 
ficent defert ; and thb day he en- 
tertained the provoft, fellows, pro- 
feflbr^ and ftudents of the uni- 
verfity. His grace intends to 
found two fellowftiips of 50I. a- 
year each, and to prcfcnt the uni- 
verfity with the ftatuc of queen 
Elizabeth (the founder), which u 
to be crcacd in the library- 
fquare." 

Another letter fays, " To the 
honour of his grace the duke of 
Bedford, chimcel lor of the univer- 
fity of Dublin, we hear the emolu- 
ments of that office will he folely 
appropriated towards founding » 
new college ; one half for the 
ftudy and revival of the ancient 
Anglo-S^on language; ^* °^ 
for ereding a magnificent elabo- 
ratory, for the better afcertaining 
and perfeding the knowledge o[ 
fimples and minerals, natives ol 
the kingdom of Ireland, and other 
ufeful purppfcs.'* . 

His grace the duke of B^^^o^^ 
hath given 200 guineas to be dj* 
vided among the poor of the dil* 
ferent parifties here. , 

At the above inftallation, jn*^ 
honourable Mr. Townlhend, eldeit' 
fon of his excellency the lord lieu- 
tenant, was admitted at this uni- 
verfity. ^, 



For the YEAR 1768. 



ins 



There is now living at his feat 
in Efkx, iir Fleetwood Sheppard, 
(a friead of the late celebrated 
Mr. Prior) who is in perfeft health, 
thoogh at the age of 1 20 years. 

And near Brampton in Cumber- 
land« a woman named Margaret 
Fofter, aged 136 year?, and who 
lus a daughter aged 104^ 

Married at the abbey •charch ^t 
Bath> Mrs. Millard, tallow-chand- 
ler in Hoiloway, aged near 80, to 
her journey man, aged about 2^. 

E4ed.] The late governor Ste- 
phenfon of Bengal : this gentleman 
dying inteftate, and without iffue, 
his fortune, which is fuppofed to 
be upwards of 500,000!. devolves 
10 hu nephew. 

At the feat of Thomas Black- 
hall, at Great Hafely, in the coun- 
ty of Oxford, cfq; Mrs. Carter, 
aged 85. She firft married George 
Blackhall, of Great Hafely, in the 
laid county, efcf. Afterwards Ri- 
chard Carter, of Chilton, in the 
conaty of Bucks, efq; who died in 

In the 8 1 ft year of his age, Mr. 
John Stede, upwards of fifty years 
prompter to the theatres royal in 
Liocoln*s-inn-fields and Covent- 
garden. 

Aged 82, at his houfe at Mile- 
eod old town, ^r. George Thorn- 
tea, formerly one of the grcateft 
ctrcafe butchers in London, and a 
COQtraflor for ferving the navy 
with oxen. 

AtDulwich, aged near 102, Mr. 

Iicob Gorton, who had acquired a 
aree fortune as a tallow chandler 
and foap-niaker in Southwark. 

Aged 92, Hugh Hcncy, efq; 
■»dy y^rs keeper of his Ma jetty's 
tgalia in the tower. 

At Hampttead, in an advanced 
»gc, Mr. Peter Fletcher, who had 



acquired upwards of twenty thou- 
fand pounds in the bufinefs of a 
falefman in Holborn. 

Mrs. Mundeuj a maiden lady, 
aged 96. 

At Picklcy-hill, near Biihop- 
aukland, Ralph How, aged io5» 
who retained his faculties perfeA 
to the laft. 

Aged 73, at her houfe near the 
French Change, Soho, Mrs. Sarah 
Burchett, who had acquired a for* 
tone of icoool. by dealing in 
fccond-hand plate, laces, wearing- 
apparel, 8cc. 

At Gofport, Chriftopher Spig- 
gett, aged 72 years. He was the 
oldeft mafter cook in' the navy. 
On board his Majefty's (hip Superb, 
in the year 171 8, under Sir George 
Byng, he had both his hands (hot 
off at the wrifts by one (hot, for 
which he enjoyed a penfion of i jl. 
6s, 8d. a year, upwards of 50 
years.^ He was many years cook 
of the Royal William, but at his 
deceafe, of the Worcefter man of 
war. He was remarkable for his 
agility in n(ing his (lumps without 
any artificial afTiftance. He could 
play at cards, (kittles, take fnuff, 
help himfelf to drink, &c. 

OCTOBER. 

Her royal highncfs the prin- ^ 
cefs dowager of Wales gave a ' \ 
grand entertainment laft night, in 
honour of his Dani(h Majelly, at 
C.irlton-houfe ; it confided of three 
tables, one for their Majefties, and 
the princefs dowager of Wales ; 
a fecond for the king of Den- 
mark and (jfty of the nobility : and 
the third for his royal higne^ the 
prince of Wales and his attendants, 
drc. 

The king of Denmark, with his. 
fuite, went to Flamfteed-houfe in 

[M 4] Gieen- 



176] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



Green widupark, on Saturday la^; 
he wa^ receiFed by earl Morton, 
admiral Rodnev, fir Thomas Ro« 
binfon, general Honeywood, ge- 
neral Harvey, &c. After view- 
ijig wtth the greatcft atteatioa the 
ni^ny curious agronomical inftru- 
mezUSy ^c. he partook o£ a break*- 
fafl of fruit and tea. He went 
then to lady Catherine pelham's 
houfe, and from thence into Qr^en- 
wich hofpital, and vifited the great 
hall> chapel, ward$, to, of that 
nugnificent ftrudure : from thence 
he went to the admiral's apart- 
inent,' where an ^elegant cold col- 
lation was provided ; and his Ma- 
jelly and the company went back 
in the admiralty and navy barges 
to Whitehall^ where they arrived 
aboat four^ 

Premiums this day commenced 
for the encouragement of herring 
l^tSy and for reducing the price 
of herrings for the benefit of the 
poor; by which boats delivering 
not lefs than three laft of her- 
ringSt each at one tide, at Bil- 
lingfgate, at the rate of 12U los. 
the laft (about half a crown the 
100 of •fixfcore,) with certificates 
that the fame were in the fea 4^ 
hours before their arrival, became 
entitled, the firft boat that arriv- 
ed, to J7L I Oft. the fecond to 
30I. and the third to 22I. los. 
To continue daring the month of 
Oftober. 

A fpot upon the fun is now difco- 
srerabie by a common opera glafs. 
Its longeft diameter is nearly double 
that of Venus, as feen in 1760. 

The archduchefs*, daughter to 
the emperor of Germany, and the 
archdukes l^erdinand and Maxi- 
milian, were inoculated by Dr. In- 
genhouz* and are fince rccovcrfd, 
having received the infcdion in 



the mbft favourable manner. Dr» 
Ingenhouz came over to England 
t^ perfeft himfelf in the prawftkc, 
and was traudating Dr. FrankHn^s 
new book of ^le^ricity into Latin, 
when he was called upon to inocu- 
late the imperial princeiTes 

At Laval, on the Lower Mayne, 
the moft violent ftocm arofe that 
ever was felt in that or any other 
part of the globe,. It laded only 
fix minutes, and deftroyed the froict 
of the earth in Ave pari(hes. The 
pieces of ice that fell in difierent 
forms, weighed from eight ounces 
to two pounds. The thonder and 
lightning that accompanied it weit 
frightful. 

This morning, at eleven ^ 
o'clock, his Danifh Majefty, 
and the nobility his attendants, 
breakfafted in public at St. Jameses, 
on a grand cold colktiom of twen- 
ty-one diihes : and at half an hoof 
after one his Majefly and attendants 
fet out for Newmarket. 

His Majefty's advocate-gc- ^^j^ ^ 
neral. Dr. Marriot, vice-chan- ^ 
cellor of Cambridge, together with 
the rev« Mr. Beadon, the public 
orator, had the honour of an audi* 
ence of his Dani(h Majefty at New- 
market ^ and, in the name of the 
univerfity, prefcnted a letter of ad- 
dreis and graces, for conferring the 
fame degrees upon his Majefty and 
his attendants as his Majefly had 
been graciouily pleafed to accept 
at Oxford. The audience laflcd 
about a qnartepr. of an hour ; and 
his Majefly received the reprcfcn- 
tatives of the oniverilty in the moft 
refpeflful manner, and returned 
thanks for himfelf and his nobility^ 
in terms greatly to the honoor of 
the univerfity. 

His royal highnefs the duke ^^^ 

of Cumberland arrived at his 

houTc 



For the YEAR 1768. 



['77 



iKMifa in Pftll-malU bqm the tfland 
of Minorca, hi the Mediterraaean. 
He bacltd at Portfmouth in the 
i»<Mmiag from on board the Veous» 
refreftt^ himfelf a little at the 
koafe of rear-admiral fir John 
Moore» and then fet out immedi- 
atety for London. 

This morning, between two and 
thrfe o'clock, a Ere broke out at 
Mr. Barnard's, leather-cutter, ip 
Widcgate-alley, Biibopfgatc-drect 
Witkont* whofe houfe and work** 
Ikop were confumed ; and the 
lUiiies coimmanicaied to the work- 
Chop of Mr. Decaux, painter, in the 
hmc alley. The fire was very vio- 
lent s but» by the vigilance of the 
firetnctit itt progrefs was flopt with- 
oat further damage* 

Tlte York ftage-coach was un- 
kapfily •vortorned ; there were 
ib paffis&g«rs in it» among whom 
WW major Weddell, who loft his 
Itfif two ladies were taken oat 
ff«c«Iile6, aid without hope of re- 
covery ; the other three were much 
brftUed. The iiiajor*i fervant, who 
was upon the roof of the coach, 
had kit tkigk broke. 

loth. ^^ * court of common 
council, it was refolved to 
pvel^iit the kinjg of Denmark with 
the freedom of London, in a gold 
box I and the lord-mayor was de- 
fired to wait on his Majefly, to 
know in what manner it ftiould be 
tranfmitted to him. 

Hi^ najefty the king of Den- 
mark gave a moft fuperb maiked 
ball at the Hav-market, at which 
were prefeat thegreateft nomber 
of ■obiHty and gentry ever aHem- 
blcd together upon any occaijon of 
the like nature. It is computed, 
that not left than 2^00 perioos of 
diflinfttoo were prefent. The illu- 
miaatioos were particularly fplen^ 



did and elej^t. His Daniih ma- 
jefly went in a private manner to 
the theatre, accompanied only by 
his excellency count Holke, in hit 
own coach and pair, and afterwards . 
robed himfelf in mafquerade in 
one of the drefilng rooms. A little 
after ten, the noblemen of his Ma- 
jedy's retinue foUowed in chairs* 
in their mafquerade dreiTes, ex- 
tremely rich and elegant. The ball * 
was opened by his Danifl) majefty 
and the duchefs of Ancader. The 
principal grotefque charaflers were 
the conjurer, the black, and the 
old woman ; there was alfo a me- 
thodic preacher, a chimney fweep- 
er, with his bag, (hovel, and fcra- 
per, and a boar with a bull's head» 
all which were fupported with 
great humour. 

A noble duke had the misfor* 
tune to lofe a particular fnufiF-box 
in the crowd, on which was the 
king of France's pidure, fet with 
diamonds, for which a reward of 
50 guineas has fince been offered. 

The king of Denmark ^. 
had a numerous levee at 
his apartments at St. James's, at 
which were prefent mod of the 
nobility, foreign miniders, and 
great officers of datc> to take leave 
of his Majeftyt 

The firft done of the getieral 
infirmary at Leeds, was laid by 
Edwin Lafcelles, efq; one of the 
knights of the ihire for the county 
of York. 

The rev. Dr. WetherelU vice- 
chancellor of Oxford, together 
with Dr. Durell, principal otHert- 
ford college, had the honour of 
being admitted to his Danidi ma- 
jcdy at St. James's, and prefented 
the diploma of his degree of doc- 
tor in civil law. His MajefLy wa» 
pleaTcd to receive them very graci- 

oully^ 



178] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



oofly ; and exprdfed his entire fa- 
tisfaflion with this additional mark 
of attention from the anivcHlty. 
The fcal annexed to the inftrumcnt 
was inclofed in a gold box of curi- 
OQS workmanfhip. 

A gentleman in Coleraine . has 
BOW living a parrot, which was 
lent over to his father, among 
other curiofities, from Jamaica, in 
the year 1694 : it is of the maccaw 
kind, but through its great age has 
loft its former beautiful divcrfity of 
feathers, and is become entirely 
grey. 

• The king of Denmark 
took leave of their Majerties 
and all the royal family. His Ma- 
jefty, obferving fomc poor people 
aflT-mbled under his window, in 
Cleveland-row, lifted up the fa(h, 
and threw a handful of gold among 
them. 

This morning Robert Paterfon 
and lames Wright, for a robbery 
on the highway ; Richard Holt, 
for forging a bill of exchange on 
MeiTrs. Hinton Brown and fon, 
and publiihing the f^me ; Richard 
Slocombc, for perfonating his fa- 
ther, and transferring 50I. new 
S. S. annuities, part of his father's 
property, at the S. S. houfe, as if 
it had been his own ; and Hannah 
Smith, for dealing 21 guineas from 
her mafter; were executed at Ty- 
burn, purfuant to their fcntcnces. 
Hannah Smith cxprrflcd great ap- 
prehenildns for her foul, on ac- 
count of her wicked life; fhc had 
lived in a variety of pl.iccs, and 
had robbed in every one. Solo- 
combe was only twenty-two years 
of age; his mi:.rortune excited the 
compaiEon of the fpeftators of his 
untimely death. He behaved with 
decency, being folly con\'inced 
of the dangerous tendency of his 
crime. 



Letters from Vienna bring an 
account of a dreadful lire on the 
manor of 1 rautfon in Bohemia^ 
where near fix hondlred houfes and 
granaries have . been reduced to 
afhes; and what renders the mis* 
fortune the more deplorable is, 
that all rhe product ot the late bar- 
ved has been confumed, th^ poor 
inhabitants not being able to fave 
any thing. 

The king of Denmark . 
having breakfafted, took a ' ' 
refpeftful leave of the carl of 
Hertford and lord Talbot, who 
attended him, and fet out for Do- 
ver, to embark on board the Mary- 
yacht, for Calais, in his way to 
raris. His Majelly, before his de- 
parture, made a prefent to the 
right hon. the earl of Hertford, 
lord chamberlain, and to the right 
hon. lord Talbot, lord fteward, of 
a ring each, valued at i cool, and 
left 1000 guineas to be diftributed 
among the domefiics at the king's 
palace. 

The earl of Holdemefs, con- 
ftable of Dover-caftle, and warden 
of the Cinque-ports, was appointed 
to attend his Majefty till his em- 
barkation. 

We hear that Mr. Garrick Wl 
the honour of an interview with 
the king of Denmark on Wcdncf- 
day morning laft, when the king 
gave him a very elegant gold box, 
itudded with diamonds, deirring 
him to receive it as a fmall mark 
of the regard he had for his extra- 
ordinary talents. 

Yefterday, at a court of com- 
mon council at Guildhall, the 
right hon. the lord mayor report- 
ed. That, in purfuance of the de- 
fire of that court, he had waited on 
the king of Denmark, to be ac- 
quainted with his Majefty*s plea- 

fure 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[»79 



fare in rcgud to the acceptance of 
the freedom of this citv, and the 
manner it (hould be tranfmitted to 
him ; that his Daniih majefty had 
been pleafed to honour the city 
with accepting the freedom, and 
defired it might be delivered to ba- 
ron Dieden» his ambafTador here« 
w^ho would carefully tranfmit it to 
his majefly. 

His majefly the kin^ of Den- 
mark having Signified his pleafure 
to uke up his freedom in the wor- 
ihipful company of goldfmiths, 
I-ondon, Mr. Sheriff Halifax^ the 
prime warden, immediately called 
a coon of alTiflants for that pur- 
pofe; and on Wednefday, it was 
unanimoufly ordered, that the free- 
dom of the faid company be moft 
humbly prefented to his majefty in 
a gold box of i ^o guineas value. 

^ His Danifli majefty em- 
** ' barked on board the Mary 
jracht at Dover> and, about ii 
13 the morning, fet fail. He was 
fainted from the caftle, forts, and 
veifels, at his departure ; and the 
populace kept their eyes (leadily 
£xed upon the veffel till (he was 
one of fight. 

The Lady Agatha, from Ham- 
bnrgh, was loft in the Yarmouth- 
roads. Her cargo is valued at 
50,000!. Another (hip came on 
ftiore at Eccles, without a foul on 
board, when the country people, 
likefavages, fell to plundering the 
wreck ofwhatever they could carry 
away. 

• _ 

At Brenchlev, Horfmonden, and 
the parfties adjacent, in Kent, a 
fudden inundation happened, when 
in Icfs than an hour the waters in 
fevcral rivulets rofe to the fccond 
floors of fome of the houfes that 
were near them. The damage done 
to milb, meadows, low grounds. 



and the contiguous roads, is hardly 
to be eftimated' 

The feffions ended at the « 
Old Bailey, when John **"• 
M'Clon4 was found guilty of the 
wilful murder of John Stoddard, 
late keeper of Clerkenwell-Bride- 
well, and received fentence im- 
mediately to be executed on Mon- 
day next, and his body to be dif- 
fefled and anatomized.— -At this 
feftions eight received fentence of 
death : two to be tranfported for 
14 years; 23 for feven years« and 
two to be whipped. 

This morning John M*- , 
Cloud, for the murder of ^^^'^ 
William Stoddard, was executed 
at Tyburn, and his body deli- 
vered to the furgeoDS to be dif- 
fered. He was a young man, by 
trade a glazier^ not quite twenty 
years of age. 

This day came into Go(^ort har- 
bour, the Guadaloupe, the neat- 
eft rigged and painted frigate in 
bis majefty's navy. The men 
have been fo trained, that all the 
(hip's duty is done 1>y beat of 
drum. 

The emprefs queen is going to 
iflue an orclinance, authorifing in> 
oculation, according 'to the fieur 
Ingenhouz's method, throughout 
the dominions of the houfes of Auf- 
tria, and exhorting parents to have 
rccourfe io this expedient, for pre- 
ferring their children from the dr.n- 
gers with which the natural fmail 
pox is attended. 

Dr. Ingenhouz, lately appointed 
phyfician to the Imperial court, 
has engaged to go wherever their 
imperial majefties (hall think pro- 
per to fend him. It is thought he 
will foon repair to Florence to in- 
oculate the grand duke of Tuf- 
cany ; and, as the queen of the 

two 



i8o] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



two Sicilies has not had the fmall- 
pox, it is probable, if the king her 
fpoufe will confent td it, tliat he 
will likewife go to adminiller the 
fame operation to her. 

Extrad of a letter from Paris. 
^ ** An arret of the chamber of 
vocations, of the 24tK ult, con- 
demns a hawker of bcokr, who has 
a wife and a numerous f^imily, alfo 
% journeyman grocer, to the car- 
can for three fucceflivc days, then 
to be burnt in the band, and af- 
terwards fcnt to the gallies, and 
the hawker's wife to be confined in 
the prifon of the hofpital for hav- 
ing fold " The man of forty 
crown,** publiflicd in the Mercury 
and other journals ; alfo '< Ericia, 
or the Veflal," a tragedy, which 
was to have been played by the 
French comedians'; and *'Chiilia- 
nity unveiled.** The hard fate of 
this family greatly excites the com- 
panion of the public.** 

An ediQ. has been liTued at 
Rome, forbidding any altar to be 
railed for the future, in the (Ireets 
of that city, on the fcaft of the 
holy virgin, or on that of any 
faint. 

The young prince Guftavus, of 
Sweden, has lately vifued the cop- 
per mines of that kingdom in the 
habit of a miner, and went down 
one of them, which was fifty toifes 
deep, where he employed two 
hours in examining it. 

Madrid, September 13. The 
court has received a letter from 
captain Don Antonio Barcelo, by 
which we are informed, that he 
arrived the ad indant at Barcelona, 
with the divifion of three xebecks 
under his command, together with 
•n Algerine corfair, which he took 
the 3 lA ult. between the ifland of 
Ibiaaand that of Majorca* The 



corfair was bored foe to gons, and 
had 18 mounted ; her crew confifi' 
ed of 2.og men, of whom 145 were 
taken prifoners, the reft having 
been ki'led in the engagement, 
which laflcd near fevcn hours, dur- 
ing which the Algerines defended 
theinfclves with great vigour. The 
Spaniards had but one man killed 
and four Wounded. 

Letters, dated September 18, 
have been received from Mr. Bankt 
and Dr. Solander of the Mufeum, 
who lately fet out on a vt)yage for 
the South-Seas, in the Qiip Endea- 
vour: when thefc letters were dif- 
patched, the (hip was jufl going 
out of the Madeiras, and all i^ 
good health. 

Halifax, Nova-Scotia, July 30. 
We have advice from the liland of 
St. John, that the fuperintendant 
and all the officers cf government 
were fafe arrived at Charloctt- 
town, that the town-plot was laid 
out; that the courts of Juftice were 
opened the aid ult. with the nfual 
formalities; that feveral fettJers 
had arrived on different parts of 
the ifland, and were well pleafed 
with the foil, which is extremely 
fertile ; oyfters, lobfters. and flat- 
fi/h, abound in every river; in 
fome there are falmon and trout ; 
and on the north fide of the ifland 
there is plenty of cod-fifh ; par- 
tridges, ducks, and pigeons, alfo 
abound in their feafons ; no fogs 
are fecn there, but in general a 
ferenc air. 

This morning, about two ' ^£(u^ 

o'clock, the Plymouth and 

Exeter ftage coach, which inns at 

the Bell inn in Friday-llreet, was 

flopped in Belfond-lane, near 

Hounflow, by a highwayman* 

well-mounted on a bay horfe with 

a ^fwitch tail, who demanded the 

money 



For the Y£AR 1768. 



[181 



icy 6f tlic pafieogers* ,whcn the 
guard ihot him dead with a qzu 
biQC OA the fpot : he appears to 
be ab^t 30 years of a^e, Ihort ia 
ftature, but ilout and well £et, 
with a drab furtout coat on : he 
'oras carried to the Bell in the faid 
lane, where he lies in order to be 
owned. 

Lord Abefdonr, now earl of 
Morton* attended at St. James's, 
$uid delivered to his m^jtiky the 
eafigns of the order of the thiille, 
with which hb late father was in- 
refted. A chapter of the order of 
the thliHe was then held, when his 
majefty was pleafed to invefl the 
marquis of Lothian* with the en- 
Egnsof that mod ancient order, in 
tke room of the late earl ot Mor- 
ton. 

A coal-meter's place in the 
port of London, for ai years, was 
fold for 6510I. and a corn-meter's 
for 3300L 

A very brifk a6iion happened, 
between hb majefty's cuiier the 
LordHowe, cap tain Cummins, com- 
naader, and two fmuggling veiTels 
from France, manned with Iriih, off 
Milford. The action began in the 
afternoon, and lalled till night, - 
when the fmugglers under the fa- 
Toor of the c&rkneK, and a briik 
gale, made their efcape. 

Vienna, Oa. i . On Monday laft 
the empreis queen gave a dinner, in 
the grand gallery of the caftle of 
Schonbrun» io fixty-five little boys 
and girls, who had been inoculated 
in the hofpital of Meydling, prior 
to the inoculation of the archdukes 
and the archdnchefs Inhere fa x her 
majefty, and their royal highneiTes 
the archdukes and thearchducheifes 
waited on the children at table, and 
afterwards gave to each a crown of 
tke vaIqc of ten florins. Their pa« 



rents were alfo entertained at ano- 
ther table in thecallle: after which 
they were prefrnt at a German co- 
noedy ; and at t'irir return, muiical 
indruments were lenc to them, and 
they danced till night. 

Paris, Ocl. 21 . I'he dearncfs of 
bread here being attributed to the 
monopoHesofcorn made by wealthy 
people under the pretence of ex- 
portation, it was moved, on Satur- 
day laft, in the chamber of vaca- 
tions, to make enquiries for difco- 
vering the panics tjnilty;ar!dat the 
fame time the gentlemeu of the law 
wrre ordered to give in their opini- 
ons, as yeftcrday, on this lubjcd. 

His Danilh majj.'/, in order to 
encreafe the commerce of his dcmi* 
nions, has dec^:ired the port of 
Gluckdadt a free port, and aoolilh- 
ed all duties upon vcllels which 
may pafs the wiurer there, as n\ ell 
as all payments upon merchandize 
pafl^ng through that place. 

By ad vices received from Corfi ca, 
we learn that when, the king of 
France's edi(!:1 and ordinances which 
contain certain promiies and me- 
naces made to the Coriicnns, were 
fenithe 27th of latl month to Paoli, 
he convoked the next day, at Olet 
ta, an afTembly or the natives ; at 
which the above edifls, and the 
Paris Gazette of Auguft 15, were 
torn and trampled under feet by all 
the chiefs, and, at the breaking up 
of the council, they cried out, with 
all their mi^ht, to the people, 
"War! Wa>l" 

Baffctcrre. in St. Chriftopher's, 
July 33. 13y accounts from St. 
Croix, we hear, that on Friday lafl 
the 15 th infl. a moft dreadful £ re 
happened there. It is faid to have 
begun on Mr. Manning's efhite, and 
in a (hort jtime to have communis 
cated to nine other eftates, deftroy- 

ing 



iSz] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



ing in its coarfe all their works, and 
above i coo acres of canes. It lafted 
from ten in the forenoon to four in 
the afternoon, the wind blowing ex^ 
ceflively hard all the time. The 
damage done cannot be juftly afcer- 
tained ; but it is fuppofed to exceed 
25o;oool. fterling. One white wo- 
man AS mifling, foppofed to have 
perifhed in the flames:, but we do 
not hear of any negroes being lo(l. 

A gentleman of large fortune, 
near Maidenhead in Berkfliire, 
aged y6, was married to a fine 
young girl, to whom he flood 
l^odfather in the year 1750. She 
IS his fourth wife, and be has fe- 
veral children twice the age of 
their mother-in-law. 

Died.} At Dunkirk* in an ad- 
vanced age, col. Defmaretz, who 
had refidcd at that port, as firft 
commiilary of the court of Eng- 
land, ever fince the lafl peace. He 
entered into the Engliih fervice in 
the year 1709, and having ferved 
during the remainder of that war 
under the duke of Marlborough, 
he was employed in furveying the 
works of that place after the peace 
of Utrecht, in 1713. 

At Paris, the 20th ult. M. Le 
Cat, doAor of phyfic, fellow of the 
Toyal fociety at London, and mem- 
ber of the academies of Petcrfburgh, 
Madrid, Porto, and Berlin. 

Near St. John's Church, Weft- . 
minfter, Mrs. Churchill, mother of 
the late celebrated Mr. Charles 
Churchill, and likewife of Mifs 
Patty ChurchiU, who died on 
Thurfday lall ; fo that the mother 
and daughter now both lie dead 
in the fame houfe. 

On Friday lafl died, aged 102, 
atherhoufcinRichmond-buildings, 
Soho, Mrs. Davis; fhe retained her 
memory to the laH, and could read 

4 



the fmallell print without fpe^aclest 
till within a week of her death. 

Mrs. Sparrow, of Kenfington^ 
aged ninety-five. She was formerly 
the widow of John Moreton, efq. of 
Slaugham, in Suflcx, from whofe 
eilate (he enjoyed a jointure upwards 
of fcventy years. 

At his grandfon's houfe, in 
Hordeydown Fair-ftrect, capt. Sa- 
muel Urwin, aged I04> who had 
been many years a commander in 
the £afl Country trade, and had 
followed the fea till within theie 12 
years. 

At Petworth in SufTex, one Mary 
Piefcot, aged 105, who had bore 
37 children, mofl of whom are now 
living in good credit. Her death 
was occafioned at lad by a cancer in 
her bread. 

One Frafer, an invalid, in his 
majedy's royal hofpital at Killman- 
ham, near Dublin, aged upwards 
of 1 1 8 years. He ferved in all the 
campaigns made by the late king 
William, and was wounded in the 
trenches from Namur, at the fiege 
of that place (where the king com- 
manded in perfon), by a cannon- 
ball, which carried away his right 
arm. 



3d. 



NOVEMBER. 

Mr. Wilkes's addrefs to the 

fentlemen, clergy, and free- 
olders of the county of Middle- 
fcx. 

Gentlemen, 
I cannot fupprefs theemotiotis of 
a grateful heart. I mufl pay yoa 
my bed tribute of thanks for the 
many proofs of a noble and gene- 
rous frieaddiip, which you have 
continued tp me in this prifon for 
above fix months. I will not la- 
ment my pad foderings, nor even & 

harOi 



For the YEAR 1768. , 



[183 



Jbarih amd cruel fentence^ becaufe I 
find that your favour and protedion 
are extended to me in proportion to 
the increafc of the perfecutions I un- 
dergo. Every day gives a. frefh 
mark of your kindnefsand affedion. 
I trnft that I may add likewife, of 
my firmnefs in the caufe> as well as 
ileady attachment to my friends,the 
fopporters of freedom, and the con- 
station of our native country. 

The parliament being fummoned 
to meet the next week for the dif- 
patch of bufmefs^ I think it my duty 
to fubmit to you the particulars of 
my future condud. I mean to peti- 
tition the houfe of commons, as the 
grand inqueil of the nation, in the 
full hope of a redreft of all my 
grievances, which have arifen from . 
various aQs of arbitrary power ex- 
erted by the minifters, the illega- 
lities refpefling the two trials, and 
efpecially the alteration of the re- 
cords. I have alreadv lodged an 
appeal againil the two (entences be- 
fore the houfe of lords, as the fu- 
preme judicature of this kingdom ; 
and I (hall bring before their lord- 
ships the whole flate of the legal 
proceedings, which I believe are 
no lefs erroneous and invalid, than 
thofe have already been declared to 
be with refpefl to the outlawry. 
The meeting of parliament will 
fuCpend the important public caufe 
againd lord Halifax, which cannot 
be tried till the term following the 
next prorogation. 

i look forward, gentlemen, to the 
happy moment of regaining my 
freedom, and of giving you in a 
Britiih fenatc the cleared demonilra- 
tion that the principles of liberty 
have taken a deep root in my heart. 
Vou ihalliind me a faithful guardian 
of the civil and religious liberties 
of theppoplp of England, ftrenuous 



and unwearied in m^endeavonis to 

deftroy all the temams of defpotic 
power among our freeborn country* 
men. I (hall think it a glorious re- 
ward of my toils, if, in one inflance 
only, a point of the utm oft moment^ 
grand j uries may , through myefforts^ 
recover the, power and right givea 
them by the principles of the confti- 
tution, which arc at prcfcnt entirely 
loft in the mode of proceeding by 
information, fo long, to the great 
grievance of the fubjedl, praSifed 
both by the attorney-general and the 
judges of the court of king's bench* 
In this, and every other point of 
national liberty, I (hall earneftlr 
beg your afliftance. I hope at aU 
times in public buAnefs.to have the 
advantage of your counfels, to per* 
fed the plan of (ecuring and guard* 
ing the liberties of the freeft nation 
in the world, againft future attacks 
of wicked minifters, or even en* 
croachments of the crown ; whic}i 
fecurity can only be obtained by 
the moft wholefome laws and the 
wifeft regulations, built on the firm 
bafis of Magna^ Charta, the great 
prefervcr'of the lives, freedom, and 
property of £ngli(hmen. lam. 
Gentlemen, 

Under increaiing obligations. 
Your faithful and obedient 
humble fervant, 
JOHN WILKES- 
K^ng VBench Prifon, 
Thurfday, Nov. 3, 1768. ■ 

Letters from Stockholm fay, the 
royal college of phyficians there, 
having fent to the houfe deftined 
foE inocu lation ah hundred children, 
between the ages of nine and four- 
teen', all of them have been inocu- 
lated, and bad thefinall-pox, with- 
out the leaft . accident. The prin- 
cipal members of the college have 
alio inoculated their own children* 

A young 



184] 



ANNUAL kEGISTER 



A' young womaft, . daughter to 
Mr. Bcnfon, near Rippon in York- 
shire, lately fell into a tfance as fhc 
was eating her dinner : being put to 
bed, fhe continaed as in a found 
fleep for five days ; (he then reco* 
▼cred, but in two days after relapfed^ 
and continaed as before three days 
longer. Though fhe received no 
nutriment while fhe was in a trance, 
t^ch time of her awakine (he was 
in good fpirits, and without the 
leaft fymptom of weaknefs. 

1 Being the firft day of term, 
^ * Mr. Bingley, bookfeller, fur- 
rendered himfelf in the court of 
king's bench (according to his re- 
cognizance which he had entered 
5nto), to record his appearance, and 
to have his bail difcharged. Their 
lordfhips defired he would enter in- 
to a new recognizance, which was 
to anfwcr interrogatories. This 
Mr. Bingley rcfufcd, faying, that 
his friends and the people of Eng- 
land in general had formed fo dread- 
ful an idea of intcrrogatories,th-it no 
perfon would be bail for him on fuch 
conditions. He was then.informed 
by the court, that, if he could not 
find bail, he mall (land committed. 
To which he replied, that be would 
fuffer a life of imprifonment fooner 
than take an oath to anfwer interro- 
gatories, by which he might be the 
means of accwfing himfclf; and that 
he was provided (either by himfclf 
or council) with arguments, which 
Kd humbly hoped their lordfhips 
vould do him the favour to hear, 
againft the procefi by attachment. 
He was anfwcred, that to argue it 
wzs againft the rules of the court 
and the^aws of the land. The lat- 
ter, Mr. Bingley afTured their lord* 
ffiips, he was not fatislicd of; for 
that he did not know, that the hvf 
of the land would oblige him on a 



criminal aecQ/ktion to aceafe him- 
felf ; and, afitr about, half an hoar^ 
debate between the court and Mr. 
Bingley, he was ordered Into the 
cullody of the marfhal of the kingH 
bench prifon. 

This day his majcfty we^t « . 
to the hou(^ cf peers-, and, 
having opened the' parliament with 
the ufual folemnity, made a moH 

fracious fpeech from the throne t« 
oth houfes. The reader will fee 
the fpeech, addrefTes, 5cc. in our 
State Papers, 

About fevcn o'clock in the even- 
ing, her majefty was taken in la- 
bouf, of which notice was imme- 
diately fentto her royai highncfsthc 
princefs dowager of Wales, h\s 
grace the archbifhop of Cariterbury, 
the two fecretaries of ftate, and the 
ladies of the bed-chamber, S£C. who 
attended ; when, at half an hour 
paft eight, her majcfty was fafely 
delivered of a princefs. Her ma» 
jelly and the princefs were yefterday 
as well as could be opefled. 

This day, a great number 'l 
of the nobility attended at the ^ 
queen's houfe, to enquire after her 
majefty's and the young princefs'f 
health, and they were all entertain- 
ed with cake and caudle. 

Two mcflfengers were fent away 
to the court of Mecklenburph, and 
alfo to other courts, with dis- 
patches, to notify the fafe delivery 
of her majefty. 

At feven o'clock in tlie evening, 
the two young princes of McckJcn- 
biirgh, brothers to her majei'iy. ar- 
rived at St. James's, fro-n Ger- 
many, who were immediately con- 
du<f^ed to the queen's hcufe. 

Private contributions have been 
raiAfd among fome grnTlemen in 
Scotland, in behalf of Paoli, and a 
prcfcnt of 32 pieces of ordnanre 

has 



For the YEAR 1768, 



[185 



hais be«n afhudiy feat from thence 
Id CoHica at the expence of the 
fttbfcribcrs. 

Extrad of a letter from Norwich. 
" The price of leather having, 
in the fpace of about two years, 
rifen to a degree before unknown ; 
tanned hides> being about two years 
ago fold currently for 9 s. 6d. 
the flone* are now advanced to the 
price of 143^ 6d. nor can any 
peribn that does not buy large 
qoaotities have them at that extra- 
ordinary price, though their pay- 
ment is prompt: the cafe with the 
c&If-fkins is the fame, in that time 
they are advanced from i8s. to 
1 1. 6 s. per ftone. Thcfe are the 
grievances the manafa<5lurers of lea- 
ther at prefent labour under; and 
tliey are come to a refolution to 
rc^ueft of their members, by a pe- 
tition from themfelves to parlia- 
ment, for a redrefs in favour of the 
poor (the burthen upon whom they 
can hardly conceive) as well as 
themfelves, that fuch remedies may 
l>c applied as they in their wifdom 
Aull think fit, whether by the ta- 
king oBT the drawback, encouraging 
the importation, or fuch means as 
may be thought moft proper. 
mjj^ Early in the morning it 
began to rain at Birming- 
lum, and contiiiued incef&ntly 
for 36 hours, which caufed the 
grtatcft flood tha: has been remem- 
hexed for 40 years in that neigh- 
hourhood. . 

12th ^ ^^^ afternoon, about 
four oVIock, a melancholy 
ataftrophe happened at the duke 
of Gro/ton's houfe, now building 
on Hay-hill; while upwards of fifty 
jacn were at work within-fide of 
»t»part of the iniide partition walls 
Vol. XI. 



fell down, and buried feveral of 
them in the ruins; thofe who ef- 
caped began immediately to dig 
out their companions; and, after 
fome time, they took out nine 
men, two of whom were quite 
dead, others terribly bruifed, and 
fome with their limbs broken ; four 
of them were carried to the Middle- 
fex hofpital,and two to St. George's 
hofpital. 

About one in the morn- , 
ing Mr. WilUam Pimlot, of '+^*- 
SymonuVinn, was murdered by a 
woman with whom he had formerly 
cohabited. On making fome dis- 
turbance in the inn, he got up to 
chai'ge her with the watch, when 
(he plunged a penknife to his heart, 
which killed him in a few minutes. 
She was immediately apprehended, 
and committed to Newgate, where 
(he behaves with becoming forrow, 
wiihing for death, being tired of 
the world. 

St. James's, November 16. This 
day the right honourable the lord 
mayor, aldermen, and commons, 
of the city of London, waited on 
his majefty; and James Eyre, efo. 
the recorder, made their compli- 
ments in the following addrefs ; 
** MoSt gracious lovereign, 

WE your Majcity's moll dutiful 
and loyal fubjeds, the lord mayor, 
aldermen, and commons of the 
city of London in common coun- 
cil afTembled, moft humbly beg 
leave to exprefs our fincere and 
hearty congratulations on the fafe 
delivery of the queen, and the au« 
fpicious birth of another princefs* 

Every increafe of domeftic hap- 
pinefs to your majefty and your 
moft amiable confort will always 
fill the hearts of your faithful ci* 

[N] tizeoB 



iH] 



AKNUAL llE,dIStER 



tizens of Lohcton w>th joy SLti 
gratitude to th^ divine J oodn^f^. 

Permit us, Sir, to offer yon otir 
mofl unfeigned aflurancel of duty 
and affeftion to your rbyal p^rfoh; 
and w6 mod arae»tly pray, thit 
your reign may be long ^ftd prbt' 
>erous; that loyalty to your roi- 
, efty, fubmiffion to the kw^, the 
oVe of true conftitutiohal libei-ty, 
and a well-governed zeal for tne 
iommon welfare^ may animate 
your ma jelly's fubjeQs throughout 
every part of your extenfive eat- 
pire. 

Signed by order of court. 

JAMES Hdl)GES.^» 

To which addrefs his iillj^lty 
was pleafed to return this moA 
gracious anfwer: 

" I receive with thi gf-eit^ 
pleafure this dutiful and affe^io- 
nate addrefs: and retui-n you my 
hearty thanks for your congratu- 
lations on the happy delivery of 
the queen and the birth of a prin- 
cefs, as well as for the repeated 
a^urances you give me of your 
loyalty and attachment to iny per- 
fon and family. 

The prefervation of the t'eligioh, 
laws, and liberties of my people, 
in every part of my dominions, it 
eflential to their true happinefs, 
and is, therefor^, the great objeft 
of my attention.— Thife are the 
principles which ever have been, 
and ever (hall be, the fole rule of 
my government." 

They were all received very gra- 
cioufly and had the honour to 
kifs his majefty's hand. 

Yeilcrday IVfr. Richard Webb 
hanged himfelf in New Lndgatfe, 
Bifhopfgate-hrcet, where he had 
been for a (hort time a prifonef : 
he was lately a very reputable fil- 



verfmith In th« QuakM^biFtUlllk^, 
Sihithfield. « 

This morning* at two _.^^ 
6'cldek, died, ithU houfe '^"^ 
iii Lincotfi'i-illii-field^, in the ^6th 

f^ar of his age, hii grict Thbmts 
elhatn Holleft, duk^ of Newca^- 
tipdn-Tytte, iAd duke of New- 
c^flle-nnditf-lihe, in the county of 
''Staffbrd, noarqoii ktkd eirl of Cfar^, 
vifcottiit MaughtOQ, and baroo 
Pelham of Laughtoh aild of Sua- 
inere, and 6alt)tiet, lotd lieutenaAt 
and coilosretuiorum. of the county , 
iind town of Nottingharik; ftor* 
ard, keeper and w'arden 6f the 
foreft of Sherwood, and {lark <»f 
^olewo6d, in the cbutity 6f Udt- 
tinghatb, ahd rCfcOrdef Of tke 
town of Nbtthigham ; Dtie of the 

tbverhors of the Charter-hbiift, 
hight of the mdft noble order 6f 
the gartet, ohe of his tnaje4y*» 
thoft hohoutible privy cotindl, 
chancellor Of the tltliverfity of 
Oitnbridge, fdlOW df the toyil f6- 
ciety, :ifid LLD. His grace wts 
borh Aiigtift i. 1603, and fitc* 
tbeded hu ftther as Won t'elhtttB 
of Laughtbh, t^eb. 23, lyii-il; 
and by the laft will ahd tettanteiit 
of hii uticle Jdhh Holies, dtike of 
Newcaflle, Who died Taljr t;, 
i;^ii, wis idOpted hit heir and 
aiithorifed to bear the name and 
arms of Holies. His grace iras 
married, April a, tjif, to the 
lady Harriot Godolphin, dsttigh- 
ter of the right honourable Frantris 
earl of Godolphtn, by the Ikiy 
HenrietU his Wife, eldeft daughter 
and coheir of hid gface Johii lafe 
duke of Marlborough, but has tip 
iflbe by her grace.— BV the ikaA 
of his grace, without liRie, the title 
of duke of Newcaftle-ttpon-Tyfte 
becomes extind; batthetitlA of 

dvkt 



For th€ Y E A «. 1768. 



[187 



dtikf of Neweaftle-nnder-Kne^ 
wbicli was n-gnted to Kb grace 
in 1756, Inr ktoj Qwrgt IT. dc- 
roltes to tkt earlof'Lincoloy and 
the haron^ of Pelham cooies to 
ThoBiay Pdliam of Supasctt, efq. 
nenibar of parltamenc for Sqflfcx^ 
tad a privy eoanfeOor. 

ijus nonnng an eapieis was 
fent to Batk» to acquaint ner grace 
tke dachefi of Mewcaftie> who is 
nach Teco^ertdf with the death of 
the duke. . 

Theeftate of his graci the late 
dakc c(f Newcaftle, when he firft 
came into pofleffion of it« is faid 
to hare been worth 50,000!. per. 
amrani* which he greatly rednted 
h the ftrrice c^ his king and 
CDontry; notwithftanding which^ 
he nob^ refafed to accept a large 
pennon^ when he letiied frooi 
pnbKc bnfinefs. InprirateHfe* his 
ckatader was very amiaMe; he 
visaffiibk and religions, having 
fivine (ervice conllantly perfonn- 
ed twice a day b his hmu^^ bo^ 
in town and country, and at ftated 
tioio the facrament wa^ adnnoi- 
fbtd, at which he^ooftantly com- 
loasiotted. He received the fame 
Ae <hy before he died, from the 
ktnds of thebifiiop of Salifrory; 
tni his beharioor in his dyinjg 
ttome u t i was perfefUy calm, px«- 
QB^f and refigned. 

Parisy Not. 4. InSaxmoatory 
Hpcn bare been fonnd ftvck up 
n dii e ient part^ of this citv, 
•■Kh the commdan^ of the 
ToUce have torn down* and it if 
ifeel that the -prefident of the 
pdb pent lias fent them to the 
™»J» The pclice is endeavour- 
^ to detwA the anthon of thefe 
Tyw, and fMne people have been 
wa mp rtm for talking of 



An our public direrfions are 
crowded with people^ in hopes of 
feeing the king of Denmark, wh^ 
omits nothing that is worth no* 
tice. When he went to the Oo« 
belins, the dnkedeDuras acquaint* 
ed him> that he was charged bjr 
the kin^ his mailer to denre him 
to chu^ a piece of that fine tap^ 
ftry which was moft agreeable to 
him ; and he wa$ pleaied to make 
choice of that which repxefents thp 
hiftory of Efther. 

<Beme, Nor. lo. A woman here 
whofe fon wa? named Ifaac, and 
the httlband Abraham, took it into 
her head that fte was under aft 
obligation to fiicrifice her fpn, lor 
the expiation of her fins, and ac^ 
tuaUy performed the facrifice upon 
her toilet* which Tht converted 
into a kind of altar; perfuadin|p 
her hulband that it was a good and 
kudaUe aa. Ther are both t^ 
ken up, and imprifoned; and, ex- 
cepting their fanaticifm, appear to 
be both in their right fenies. 

This morning, at eight • 
o'clock, the remains oflris **^ 
grace the hte duke of NewcafUe 
ulrere carried from his honfe in 
lincolnVinn-fields, in order to 
be interred in die antient family 
vault at LaughtoA in SufTea, in 
the following order: i. The tw0 
DOrters, mounted on milk-white 
nprfes leading the ran. 2. Eight 
of his graces domefhcs m mporn* 
ing cloaks mounted on grtfy 
hmes. 3. A gentleman on horfe- 
ba 'k, uncovered, bearing a dnc9)l 
coronet, richly gilt, hud on » 
crimfen velvet cufliion with gold 
tafiels, two men wzilh dm 
hand on the horfe w al k ing oa 
each fide. 4. Tl^e 9t>rpte, in % 
heaxfe drawti by fh( ||QcJes. c. Po^r 
mourning coaches, 4itw4 ^ f(^9x 

[JV«3 Wrfes 



i88] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



horfes each, in Avbich .were his 
•grace's principal gentlemen. 6. A 
gentleman followed by fix litrery 

lervants in mourning cloaks, all 

on horfeback, clofed the pro- 

.cefiion. 

. The dukedom of Newcaftle- 

^nder-licfe is, we are informed, 

limited to the male iflue of the 
,prcfent duke. By his late lady the 
.countefs of Lincoln, eldefl daugh- 
!ter of the late right honourable 

Henry Pelham, by whom his grace 
.has- three fons Hying. 

His excellency count de Czcr- 

niche w, the New Ruf&an ambaifa- 

dor, arrived at his houfe in Soho- 
!fquare from Peterfburgh, but |afl 

from Calais. 

* 

Extract of a letter from Porto Fc- 
raro, 0£l. 9. 

" After a continual drought of 
five months there fell fuch a hea- 
vy and abundant rain lail Sunday, 
.that the like was never before 
^known in the memory of man. It 
has caufed great damages, both in 
town and country. The lower 
•part of the town was entirely un- 
,der water, and all the goods in 
.the (hops and warehoufes much 
"damaged. In the country, whole 
vineyards have been torn up and 
,waihed away by the torrents, and 
others covered with (lime and 
, Hones ;- and in the village of Rio, 
.feveral mills have been deflroyed." 

A letter from Nottingham, da- 
, ted Nov. 19, fays, *' The heavy 
riains, att^ded with fnow, which 
jfell for 30 hours together the lat- 
ter end of laft we^k, occafioncd 
"the greatell flood we have had thcfe 
/many years ; ^ot only the rivers 
, Trent, Derwent, and Dove, but 
'all the lefler brooks, overflowed 
. their banks, itnd have done much 
. damage. . Great aumbers. of fhecp. 



grazing near CalUe-Dunjungtofti 
Emmington, and Sawley,, pave 
been f wept, away, the * waters rifint 
fo fuddcnly that the owners coulj 
not fave them, without riiking 
their own Jives. In Lancafhircana 
Chelhire, efpecially near Chaoplc- 
i^rith, the fnow lay three feet deep; 
and a briik wind from the north- 
eaft fo filled the roads, that they 
were obliged to be cut through 
before the carriers could pabi 
which occasioned many to poftpODC 
their ftajes.'* 

• John Urquhart, alias Ri- .j^, 
chards, fof robbing Dr. * 
Piggot of his watch and a guinea 
near Cranford-bridge ; Patrick 
Hanlon and >Villiam Miller, for 
robbing Mrs. Rogers of a guinea 
and a crown, near HampfteaJ; 
and Edward Williams, for return- 
ing from tranfportation> were exe- 
cuted at Tyburn. 

John Andrew Martin, a Dane, 
was committed to Newgate, charg- 
ed with breaking open and rcw- 
bing feveral houles in and about 
London. There was found in 
his lodgings, plate and goods to 
the value of near 3000I. One 
perfon in Fofter-lanc he had rob- 
bed of plate to the amount of 600I. 
and a weaver in Spital-fields fworc 
to 27 pieces of filk, 26 of whick 
>\'ere found in his cuftody. 

Mr. Stearc, ' publifher of tbc 
North "Briton extraordinary, N®« 
4, and MeiTrs. Pridden and Wil- 
liams fellers of the fame> were 
ftmrnoned before the court of 
'kingVbeiich; the iirft has been 
fcntenced to fuFer three months 
imprifonment; the fecgnd fined 
6s. Sd. the latter- 13s. 4d. and 
difchargcd. Mr. Bret, feller of 
4he, North Briton, N*^. 50, wis 



fined 6s. 8d. and difchargcd.. ^, 



T.. ' . 



Tic 



For tte YEAg. 1768.' ' '- 



[189- 



The late Mr. Titlcy, envoy to 
rile coart of Denmark, and fellow 
of Trinity college, having left 
5C0I. to the univcrfity of Cam- 
bridge, the vice chancellor has 
appropriated it to the building r»n 
aaipliitheatre for public ledures 
and mii£cal performances, and h^s 
added a bencfiiAioo of twenty gui- 
neas. The reverend Dr. Long, 
profeflbr Shepherd, and Mr. Al- 
derfoQ, have alfo fubfcribed ten 
goineas each. 

Mr. Seaton's annnal prize is 
this year adjudged to Mr. Jenncr, 
of Sidney college, for his poem on 
tlie deftraftton of Nineveh. 

, Hit Majefty went, with 

^ the afu4l ftatc, to the houfc 
of peen, attended by the duke of 
Ancafter and the earl of Denbigh ; 
and gave the royal afleot to the 
bill for prohibiting, for a further 
Ihnited rime, the exportarion of 
com, grain, meal, malt, flour, 
biicuit, and (larch, and alfo the 
cAra^ion of fpirits from low 
wincf, , 

Naples, Oflober 2;. In me- 
mory of the ceflation of the great 
eruption of mount Vcfuvios laft 
ftar, attributed to a miracle of 
St. Januarius, a marble ftatue hai 
been ereded by the city of Naples 
open Maddalena bridee; at the' 
bottom of the pededafan ififcrip- 
^ has been ' lately placed, of 
which the following is a tranfla- 
noa: 

Clement XIII. Pope, grants one 
hundred days indulgences to- 
nes quories, for ever, to each 
believer, who devoutly in- 
vokes this (latue of our patron 
Jannanus. — By brief, dated 
the lock of May, 1768. 

Copenhagen, Nov. 7. In con- 
Mcniion -of the. high prke of- 



rye, and to relieve the inhabitants • 
pf this capital, the college of the ' 
chamber of finances hath ordered 
ten thoufand tons of that commo- 
dity to be taken oat of the king's 
magazines, in order to be fold 
among the people at two crowns ' 
and four marks Danifh the ton. ' 

Roine, Oa. 6. The prelate* 
Azpuni, miniiler from Spain ta' 
the holy fee, has received from ' 
his. court 18,000 Roman crowns^ 
which he has orders to difbibute ' 
among the Spaniih jefuits at Bo- 
logna, Ferrara, and Ravenna ; and ' 
4,500 more to be diftributed ' 
among thofe in the diftrift of An- 
cona, and in the other parts of 
Romania. 

Several pirates and murderers' 
have been apprehended . and 
brought to the Marflialfea, of whom 
the following is an account : a fet 
of daring fellows for upwards of 
feven years paft, moft of whom 
lived at Mailings, in Suflfex, and, 
durine that rime, boarded axid 
robbed feveral (hips coming up 
the channel, and in parricular 
boarded a Dutch Ihip homeward 
bound, plundered the fhip, mur- 
dered all the crew, and th>;n funk 
the ihip. At laft they were dif- 
covcrea by their bragging to one 
another how the Dutchman wrig- 
gled about when they had cut him 
on the back bone with an ax : 
upon this, informarion was given 
to the government, who imme- 
diately ordered a detachment rf 
two hundred foldiers to march 
from London for HafUngs, wi k 
ftri^l charge not to let the le;^ 
word tranfpire that could give any 
perfon fufpicion of what they canie 
for ; and alfo, if any difturbance 
fhould happen in the town, not 
to interfere therein ; upon their 

[N 3] atrival 



i9o] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



trri val tlierd» or the next day after, 
the mayor of Haftings was walking 
in the town, when he was interro- 
gated by one of the gang (as they 
went by the name of Ruxey's crew,* 
or gang) what the foldiers came 
for, upon which the mayor an- 
fwered him he coold not tell ; 
upon which they ailaulted the 
SDayor» who called to the foldiers 
to affift him ; and thev, having or- 
ders not to intermeddle in any dif- 
turbance, refufed their afliftance; 
but, upon their officer's appearing, 
they immediately feiaed three of 
the gang, who, together with feve- 
Tt\ othm, have been fent to Lon- 
don. A man of war and a cutter 
ky oflF Haftings for fome time to 
receive them» the appearance of 
which gave the gang more uneafi- 
nels thim the arrival of the foldiers. 
They write from Bofton, New 
England, that, from the fird ar- 
rival of the troops and men of war, 
til tnde had been at a ftand, no 
bttfinels being tranfaded at the 
cuftom-hottfe, or any of the public 
offices. 

The folloWrng is t tranflation 
of the charge given by the grand 
£gnior ro tae new grand vizir at 
bii inilallation s 

•* Thou Hamcey Pacha, my 
grand visir, and abfolute mioifler, 
wao haft been ralfcd to the circuit 
of my^ imperial palace, and whofe 
behaviour and fidelity have been 
Improved ; X have chofen thee, in 
pr- ference to all my other vizin, 
to in:ruft thee with my imperial 
feal. In confeoucnce of which, if 
tbou condu&eft tne affairs of the 
flaves of the Deity with the requi- 
fite fidelity, in protedUng and fa- 
Yourtng cae poor, ana by con- 
formiDg; thyfei f to my imperial 
vmwip tAoa wUt \h beloved ia iku 



world, and in that which ii to 
come. Mchemed Pacha, ihy pre* 
deceflbr, drawn awav by lus ejp- 
treme avarice, and oy fome evil 
counfels, having difgraced, by his 
corruption, the nonoiir of my fob- 
lime porte, has been therefore de- 
prived.** 

Extras of a letter from Peteif- 
bur^, October lo. 

" By the journals of the profiBt* 
fers Gmelin and Pallas we learnt 
that the former has difcovered ia 
the mountains of Walda a number 
of coal-mines and other minerala 
near Kreileikoi-Jam, onbothiborei 
of the river Gremetcha i aa atfo 
another coal-mine of a reinarkable 
good fort not far from the vUla^ 
Ufties, pretty near the river Kjropi- 
za, and which extends above twen- 
ty werfts around, befides mines of 
alttm» vitriol, copper, and iron. 
ProfeiTor Pallas aflures us, that be 
has difcovered an animal plant, of 
a very curious nature, and which 
he takes to be a fpecies of the 
fre(h -water polype. He adds, that 
near Fedojtewa he found beautiful 
agates, with a mu titude of petri- 
fadioiu, and likewife a number of 
pieces of jafper, agate, and co- 
pSLzcs, in the rivulet of Snngir.*' 

There is now living at Chertfey 
in Surrey, one Groves, a hamper 
and broom-maker » who ha* been 
married only eight years, and baa 
had by his wife iixteen c})ildren» 
fifteen of which are now living s 
the other was drowned accidental- 
ly a few weeks aeo. 

The wife of Mr. Shury, cooper, 
in Vine-ftjreet, Wedroinftort was 
delivered of two fine boys, which, 
together with all her former chil- 
dren, by Mr. Shnfy« aMikes in the 
whole z6 i and what is fiilt aore 
riaunkaUe^ flie bM boen bfo^fbt 

to 



For tlw YEAR i7$8. 



[igi 



to bed twice intbin the fpace of 
me yeu Ia|l p^ft, znd had Iwinf 
etcli time, bcfng four children )a 

Died-I Mr. Bamford, hatter, 
in S)ufe-Ui)e, T«nplc-^ar; com- 
mODly called the Giant, on ac- 
count of hii extraordinary llaiure. 
It ii faid that zool. was oiTered 
for hi* body hy the furgeoni for 
^fleftina. He was thirty-fix years 
<A age, hat left a wife (who was 
hfosght to bed of a fop the day he 
^ed), and two children. She hat 
tt^ very near d*a'h fince her de- 
livery frpnj tlvc bigliefs of thp 
cbila, but is npw better. 

At Cnyion, Peter Wilmpt, efg; 
luc » fcarlec dyer, f»td to be worth 
ncir 6o,oool. 

la Tothill-fieidi Bridewell, aged 
ii. Mr. Cwl Gotlicfe Ulraap, c*- 
btnei-maker, in Wild-ftreet : he 
vu nnh&ppily engaged in procur- 
hi arpfcen to go a^oad ; for 
*Uch he V** Ufl feffigni tried ^t 
Gaildhall, WiItmiDller, 4nd found 
giUty i but in regard of Hn age 
«at MBtenccd only to three woptht 
i^piifoaincnt, and to pay a fige 
c^ lool. with which fent^nce he 
nt To a^r^l^d^ haying till that 
lime lired in good credit, that he 
wu inunediaiely takea i|l, aqd 
couinaol in a l^ngi^ilhing coq- 
ditioo ever Gncc. which is tboat 
tktce wcelu. 

At Hackney, aged near 90, 
FncrPnrchas, efi^. 
_ At Stratford, aged 103, Thoii>as 
for- 

ife. 



g?i 



PRCgMPB'R- 
Theconfequence of the late , 
hpavy rains appenn in a dread- ' * 
ful manner by the floods, which 
ezten4 from Stratf.'rd, northward, 
all over the raarthes for many milei 
up the fides of the river Lee. On 
Friday and Saturday the flieam 
ran through the arches over the 
road beyond Lee-bridge, in a tor- 
rent like that at the tail of a ^ill ; 
but on Sandar morning it greatly 
abated, and by eleven o'cIocIe the 
ways were paltible. On Saturday 
a poor man, driving fome cows 
from the low grounds in Hackney 
iqarlhei, was carried away by the 
force of thp flream, and drowned 
in L^ river. <The inhabitants of 
Stratford, &c. had the waters fo 
high in their hoitfes, that they 
were obliged to have fcafiblds 
ereAed, by which, and the nfe of 
ladders, they got in at the cham- 
ber windows. In many places the 
fiream ran fo high, that ttie drivers 
of the ftages were obliged to open 
the coach doors to allow a pafTage 
forthenater, the weight of which 
would otherwife have ovcrfet the 
carriages. The Exeter fUge-coach, 
which fet out yellerday morning 
betw.een one and two from theBeU 
in Friday-flreet, was overfet by 
the violence of the waters on this 
fide Staines, and all the infide paf- 
fengers, namely, Mr. Foy, Mr. 
Lawrencp, Mr. Coleman, Mrs. Ty- 
rell and her two children, were 
drowned, together with fourhorfes; , 
the coachman, guard, and one out- 
fide palTenger, were faved, after 
being driven more than half a 
mile Dy the impeiaofity of ihe cur- 
rent. In St. George's-iiclds, Dr. 
Townihend's houfe and gardeiu 
were overfiowed, and a fine large 
[N 4j bear 



192] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



bear was drowned. Up thcThamcs, 
' the tide of flood is fo obflru£led, 
by the frefhes from innumerable 
rivulets, that it is with the utmoft 
difficulty the craft can make their 
way up the river. In Berkfhire, 
feveral fheep and horfcs at Batty 
farm are drowned ; the banks of 
the Kennet and J.odden are quite 
overflowed ; Burfield bridge is en- 
tirely walhed away ; part of Twy- 
ford bridge is broken down, and 
numbers of people are obliged to 
leave their houfes: in ftiort, the 
whole looks like 9 fea. In Eflex, 
a black fervant of William Staple- 
tpn, efq; of Danbury-hall. in at- 
tempting to crofs the river at 
Chelms^rd on hprfeback, was car- 
ried away by the rapidity of the 
Aream ; both the fervant and horfc 
were cirpwned. In Suffolk, moft of 
the fields, meadows, &c, arc en- 
tirely under water; near a thou- 
f^nd men are hired to mend the 
roads and make drains to carry the 
floods off. In Nottingham, at 
£afl Retford, one neighbour was 
obliged to afliil another, by get- 
ting ladders, and helping them 
out of the windows ; the cries of 
the poor women and children were 
ihocking. The tradefmen who 
live near to the river have fuffercd 
greatly in their warehoufei, and 
the lols cannot be computed : the 
current came into the market- 
place ; but luckily no lives are 
loft. On the north rpad, the mail 
which fhould have arrived on Sa- 
turday morning, did not arrive till 
Sunday; and on the w^llern, car- 
riages were retarded for feveral 
hours, at Cranford-bridge, Houn- 
flow heath, Longford, Colnbrooke, 
Sec, 8cc. 

At Gioucefter, the exprefs was 
retarded ten hoors by the floods. 



which in every county arc, higher , 
than can be remembered. 

Such a general inundation as 
the prefent has fcarcely been re- 
membered. The flat country in 
Herefordlhire and Shropfliire is a 
perfe<^ fea, fo that the roads arc 
impafTablc. 

Extrad of a letter from Paris, 
Nov. 28. 

" On the 24th, the duke of Or- 
leans gave a mod magnificent en- 
tertainment to the king of Den- 
mark, to which all the principal 
nobility were invited. The fnp-. 
per was ferved at 1 2 tables. That 
of the king of Denmark, at which 
were prefent the duke of Orleans, 
who performed the honours of it, 
mademoifellc, the prince de Condc, 
and the miniftcrs of the king, con- 
fifted of 90 covers. His Danifli 
majefly handed mademoifellc to 
her placje. The duke de Chartres 
did the honours of the fecond u- 
ble, which confifled of 99 covers. 
The 12 tables confifted in all of 
6j2 covers, and were ferved 'with 
great order and difpatch. The 
fupper was preceded by a ball, to 
which 1500 perfons of all ranks 
were admitted. On the 22d his 
Danifh majefly was entertained by 
the prince de Soubife." 

They write from Worcellcr, that 
on Monday the zrft of laft month, 
tlie quickfilvcr in the barometer 
was remarkably low ; and oix 
Tucfday lower than fcarcc ever 
before remembered. The air was 
fo very light, that the cylinder of 
mercury fupportei thereby mca- 
fured but twenty-eight inches. 
The caufe thereof is apprehended 
to be great ftorms at a diflance, 
perhaps at fea. 

A gentleman of Exeter favs, that 

the barometer was on the 2$d 

I half 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[193 



half tn inch lower than he ever very remarkable, that the patient 

faw it, who is upwards of ^8 years faffered little or no pain till within 

of age. It was 27 inches and a half about a fortnight of his being cut. 
On the fcale. We have received the 



like accounts from feveral other 
places : and fome pretend to prog- 
Bofticate we (hall not have any fet- 
tled fair weather for four months 
to come. 

They write from Modbury in 
BevonOiire, that the baroiAeters 
there were lower the 21ft, 2 2d, and 
23d, than has been known thefe ten 
years. 

One day lad week, James Ellis^ 
of Colney-ftrcet, in Hertfordfhire, 
kad a turnip dug out of his ground 
that weighed feventy-three pounds, 
which he fold for a penny, after 
he had previoofly won five eoineas 
from a mm that wagered him that 
fom, that he could not produce 
kirn one of that weight. 

. The young princefs was 
' • baptized by his grace the 
archbifhop of Canterbury, in the 
grand council room at St. James's, 
ky the name of Augufta Sophia. 
The fponfors were the eldeft prince 
if Mc^klenburgk-Strelitz, and the 
dnchcfes of Ancafter and Nor- 
chnmberlaiid, as proxies for the 
queen of Denmark and the prineefs 
ef Bniafi%*ick. 
Extrad of a letter from Paris. 
** A cafe which lately happened 
in one of the hofpitals of this city 
greatly engaged the attention of 
gentlonen of the facalty. The 
unhappy objed had the ftone to 
a great degree, from which he fuf- 
fered the moft excruciating pains. 
Upon examining him with the 
wobe, the ftone was dilcovered to 
be of an amazing fize; and when 
it was extraded, it weighed 26 
oaoces; whereas the krgeft that 
have been found have- not exceed- 
ti feven or eight ounces, jt is 



The mod fldllul anatomiUs donbt« 
ed the cafe till they were eye-wit- 
ncflcs of the operation.** 

Edinburgh, Dec. 3. Yefterday 
about 12 o'clock, part of the walls 
and roof of the church adjoining 
to the palace of Holyrood-houie 
gave way and fell down ; and laft 
night the mod of the remainder 
alio ihared the fame fiite ; fo that 
now this fine edifice is entirely de- 
ftroyed. This accident is faid to 
be owing to the epprmous weight 
of a new ftene roof laid over it 
fome years ago, which the walls 
it is thought were unable to fup- 
port. The pillars and ornaments 
of this church, though for many 
years paft wafte, and alroofl ruin- 
ous, were greatly admired, as one 
of the fineft Gothic remains in the 
ifland. The fine vaults, where 
part of the royal family, feveral of 
the nobility, and a great number 
of the gentry were depofited, are 
now under the ruins. 

Th]amoming» a little be- g^ 
fore II o'clock, the fherifB 
opened the poll for a knieh* of 
the fhire for the county of hf iddle- 
fex, at Brentford, which was car- 
ried on with much tranquillity till 
about a quarter after two ; at 
which time it was generally thought 
that Mr. ferjeant Glynn hiad poUed 
a greater number than fir W. 6* 
Prodor, when on a fudden a great 
riot enfued ; the mob mounted the 
hnftines, attempted to fe^ze fome of 
the poll-books, and entirely put a 
flop to the bnfinefs. On this, great 
numbers of the freeholders were 
hurt in trying to get away, others 
canie hcmie direduy, and the re- 
mainder of the day was a fceneof 
confttiioxi. 

The 



194] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



. The following fpirited addrcft 
^hich appeared the next day in the 
papers, together with the epfaing 
confequenees of this riot* wiU fat^ 
ficiently ferve to ihew the nature 
and defign of it. 
'* Xo th^ gentlemen, clergy* and 

freeholders of the comity of Mid- 

dlefex. 
Gentlemen, 

The warm profeffioni of grati* 
tttde, b frequently uttered b^ tboic 
who feel no gratitude to their cgn-* 
itituentd, becaufe the means by 
which they fucceed take off all ob* 
ligation* make me at a lo&for ternu 
to exprefs myfelf on fo figoal, (q 
generous, and fo glorious a fuppor^ 
aa I have jhet with from you. 

Every means employed, every in<> 
flnence, exerted during a fix months 
canvafs, have not been able to di- 
vert a great majority of you from 
cfpoufing the caufe of a candidate, 
whom you fuppofed a friend to the 
€AU6B OF THB pcoptE, and in 
whom you hoped to find a ze^ou^ 
defender of the rights and liberties 
of his country. 

Honour or infamy will de&rvedly 
attend me, in the fame vianner aa 
'my future condu^ (hall anfVer or 
diiappoint your expedationi. I do 
not owe your fupport to ai^y perlb- 
nal lEriendihip or connexions , and 
am therefore free^ even from dw 
temptation of leaning to them ; my 
obligations are to the public, and to 
the public I will return them. 

For my condnft in the courft of 
this election, I can appeal even to 
my adverfaries; and the^Mth of my 
declaration to yon has been mpft 
convincingly^ proved* by the infr- 
mous behaviour of my opponents^ 
in their lawleft interruption of thft 
poll, when a mob of hired ruffians 
were, at a fignal, let loofe opOA the 



p^aceaUe, «iar«»a!^ ao4 Inpfiniilvt 
fret h0ld«r* of lb« county Q^i4id• 
dlflieic, in order to deftroylhofc 
whom tbty co^ld not co^mpt,' airf 
to wwft from th#m by vioje^cf that 
freedom of a leiUoA* which every 
undue ^4 VQeopftiltttional i&i#c- 
po&tioB hat failod ro o^irthj^w« 

The fiieri^* and every par^HI 

preffnt, were wiMieffes of,a fcene 
H^f ver before fxhibit^ »t an elM> 
ti09* A defp^rai^ fet of ruAm»i, 
with l^hrfjn md fp^^^r v^ their 
hats* without the ^leaft oppofition, 

>9rid^out t)Le U9A provoeatioQ, or 
ca»ff of qvarjrel, deibroyifig ihofe 
who did nft )A(t op a hand ia 
t>eir defenet* Sir William* t» 
whom I cijjed tp go with m^aod 
fac« rhis M^, iia4<^ i«« no aofwer, 
wi U(i tMi I remaia«d the lai 
9^ upon th^ hoi&iga. 

However, { Uv#, gentlemcii, to 
^fkft ^oi fp much my eleOion* as 
j$Mr rights ; and I pledge Jnyiclf to 
you* that yoar blood* To wantonly 
ib^d yeter4ay, ftall be vindicated, 
and thechiarrebrpughthome]H>thto 
the hired and the hirers. The more 
exaltffd their A«ido0f, and the mom 
pivileged thtir peHbns, the louder 
u the cijl for ju&ce ; aad the more 
iKceflhry i^ tficecutioii* Whether 
as your reprefentative^ or a9 a pri-^ 
vatj^ gentlemftn* I pledged myfelf to 
you to go tiu'Ottgh with this- bufi* 
ue/k, or to peiim in the attempt. 

The ftsmom of a couoty eledio* 
i« the lai) iasi^6, privilege we huve 
left; and It does not become aay 
h^oeft Eegfi/hcoan to furvive tt. 
for inv own f»xU I will Hot. And 
if by vf^9 declaration I may feem to 
d^par^ firon. that moderation which 
bias adw^ys puiticulaHy marked my 
c^ara^er, ii is beca^ufel think taane^ 
nefs in a <^9Jife Hke this ie infiuny , 
Th^z? is yjjttif Aillldi in thiacoun- 
i , cry; 



For the YEAR 1768. 



C»95 



try; wt are come to z crifts, and 
cJie confequence of this ilruggle 
wiil detcilnine whether we ihail be 
firecmen or (laves. 

It is at prefent depending before 
the hoofe of commons, what rnca* 
fores ihall be next parfaed in regard 
to this eledion. When they have 
decided, ( will give you the earlieft 
notice poffible ; and I promife you» 
that no difcooragement ihall ever 
make me defert yea, who have 
ihewtt that yoo will not defert your* 
felvei. I am. Gentlemen* 
Yoor moft grateful, and 
fiuthfnl humble fervant« 
BIooBift»ry*faa. Joh» Clykk.'* 

Dec* o, 1 708. 

The ford mayor behaved at the 
Old Bailey, npon this occafion, in 
iach a manner as will always fecure 
Urn the efteem ofhis fellow citizens. 
When the jury was called, hislord- 
ftip aiked them, upon their hononr, 
if anv of them were freeholders of 
Middlefcjt ; it appeared that about 
eif^teenof them were fo, on which 
his lordfiup immediately difmifled 
them, that they nueht not be hin- 
dered from difcharging their duty 
at Brentford* 

They write firom Florence, that 
^ mt (hock of the earfhqnake, 
which was felt lately at Sanu Sofia, 
on the frootiers of the ecdefiaftical 
Site, happened about eleven o'clock 
w the evening, and fo violent as to 
throw down leveral of the weaker 
Wfes, efpecially in the country 
around. The iuhabitamsj who were 
all a-bcd, being waked by if. Bed 
towards the fields; bot in their 
Ught a focond (hock, more terrible 
thaa ^ fird, happen^ by which 
Ae ftrongeft buildiogs wfcre over- 
tnrnrd, a number of peribns buried 
ladcr the nuns, and the great bridge 
whkbfeparatesSaiiU SdEa from the 

5 



ecdefiaftical ftate, and coft that com- 
munity upwards of thirty thoufand 
crowns, iplit through the middlo 
firom one end to the other. 

. They alfo fay, that the fenator, 
John Baptift Nelli, is fent by the 
^rand duke to St. Sofia, to enouire 
into the moft preifing wants of the 
inhabitants, whom the late earth- 
quake hath reduced to a moft de- 
plorable condition, in order to re- 
lieve them* All the houfes and 
churches of the communities of 
Specia, Campo Sonaldo, Gaballe* 
and S. Flora, have alfo been thrown 
down ; and not a )Hiilding of any 
kind remains ftaadinr at BerletUt 
except the church and the curate"!! 
houfe. 

Letters from Florence of the i stb 
olt. mention, that the grand duke 
hath fupprefled every tax upon com* 
oil, and other commodities, to pre- 
vent provifions becoming dear. 

We are afibred from Bia^, that 
the capuin of the king's frigate, 
called the Enjouie, is arrived there, 
and confirm* the great utility of the 
(ieur Poiflbnnier's method of mak- 
ing fea water freib, hu ' crew and 
himfelf having drank feveral hog- 
ftieads of fea water prepared in that 
manner* without the leaft inconve- 
nience. [This method of making 
(alt water frelh was (irft pradifed by 
our countr3rman Dr. Lind, from 
whom the French phyfician has 
taken the procefs.] 

They write from Scania in Swe- 
den, that the mortality among the 
cattle in that province is conSder* 
ably leflened this year ; and, what ia 
worthy of attention in every conn* 
try where the contagion may pre- 
vail, they remark, that all fuch in<«' 
fe^ed beafts as have been (hut up in 
ftables wliere horfes were kept, have 
every one recovered in a few days. 

A prin- 



196] ANNUAL REGISTER 



A printer, nanted dc Coignard, 
has lately died at Paris, in whofe 
poiTefiion were found, at fais death, 
no lefs than 73,000 l6uis d'ors. Be- 
fides , this fum, he had at the fieur 
Bel's, firft valet de chambre to the 
king, a million of, livrcs ^n ready 
inoney, with about 500,000 more 
at the. duke de Nevers, and a fur- 
ther fum of 100,000 livres at 
the abbe d'OIivet's ; making in 
thf whole iicar 150,000!. fter- 
ling. 

• , Laft night, the remains 

• of the late marthionefs of 
Taviftock were brought from Lif- 
bon to her late houfe in Gre^t Ruf- 
fel-ftrect, Bloomfbury, and will in a 
few days be interred at Cheneys in 
the tounty of Bucks. 

• The feifions ended at the Old Ba i- 
ley. At this feflions fevemy-eight 
prifoners were tried ; feven receiv- 
ed ferttenceof death,one tobe trans- 
ported for fourteen years, twenty- 
fix for feven year?, fivt to be whip- 
ped, and two branded. 

On Monday, Mr. Binglcy, book- 
feller, was, by writ of Habeas Cor- 
pus, brought before fir Jof. Yates, 
at his houfe in Bedford-row, where,* 
on entering into two different recog- 
^ nizances for his appearance only 
on the firft day of next term, in the. 
court of king's bench, he was dif- 
charged. 

St. Jamci's, Dec. 12. A chapter 
of the moll nob^e order of the 
garter having been fummoned to 
meet this day, the knights com- 
panions, with the officers of the or- 
der hereafter mentioned, all in their 
mantles, attended the fovereign ; 
and t>cing called over by Garter 
kinj^ of arms, a proceflion was 
ma^e to the great council chamber, 
in the following order 3 



Marquis of Rockingham, 

Earl of Hertford ^Dukeof Nor* 

thumberland, 
Duke of Newcaftle, 
Duke of Bedford, 
His royal highnefs the Duke of 
Gloucefter, 
Black Rod — Regiftcr— Garter, 
The Chancellor— Prelate, 
The SOVEREIGN. 
The fovereign and knights com- 
panions being fcated, the chancellor 
fignified his majefty's pleafure for 
filling up the vacant flail ; and as. 
by the fbtctes, none but a knight 
can be eleded, his grace the dake 
of Marlborough was condaded by 
Garter and Black Rod to the fore- 
reign, and knighted with the fword 
of Sate. 

The chapter then proceeding to 
th« election, George duke of Marl- 
borough was declared duly eleded ; 
whereupon being received at the 
door by the two junior knights 
companions, and condudied to the 
fovereign, he was invefled with the 
garter, ribbon, and George, as nfaal, 
the chancellor pronouncing the ad* 
monitions. 

Garter then calling over the 
knights companions, a proceffion 
was made back in the fame order 
at before. 

At the queen's hotife an inocula- 
tion for the fmall-pox was performed 
on the princefs royal and prince 
William ; and their royal highneffes 
were put under the care of fir Clif- 
ton Wintringham, phyfician to his 
majefly, fir John Praigle, phyfician 
to the qneen, Cftfar Hawlcins, efq. 
ferjcant furgeon, and t'ennell Haw* 
kini, efq. (urgeon to the queen. 
Extras of a letter from Paris, dated 
Nov. 30, 1768. 
The entertainment given to the 

king 



«« 



^« 



-For the YEAR- 1768. 



V* 9 J 



- % • 



t'5>7 



king of Demnark by the J)rirce of 
Coode at Cliannll3r, furpaffed every 
othcTy except ihat given by the Icing 
our fovereien. It was on Monday 
laft the 28th inftant. It being free 
to all perfons, it is computed that 
there were at lead 6000 perfons at 
ic ; there went fuch a prodi^ioas 
ccttcoarfe of the nobility and gentry 
of both fcxes to it, that the ftrcet of 
•St. Dennis, which is longer and 
wider than Holbornin London, was 
£lled with their carriages from end 
•to end; infomnch that there was no 
room to pais through it on foot. 
The entertainment continued three 
days and three nights; during 
which there was an open houfe 
kept for all comers and goers with- 
out exception. There was likewife 
a moft grand hunt] in the forefl of 
Ckantiliy, by candle-light. After 
a wild boar had been chafed for a 
good while, he was killed by a 
aobleman, with a bow and arrow." 
. The poll for a knight of 
^ the (hire for the county of 
MIddlefex ended, when the num*- 
Ibers food thus : 

For Mr. ferjeant Gl^mn — 1 542 
Fw fir W. B. Proftor — 1278 

Majority for Mr. Glynn 264 
whereby Mr. Glynn was by the 
flicri^ declared to be duly eledied. 

It is fkid that the number polled 
at this election exceeds by fort}"- 
two the greateft number that ever 
was known (o poll at any preceding 
ciecnon. 

The eledion was carried on with 
the ntmoft tranquillity and regu- 
larity, without the leaft appearance 
of difordcr, except that a few fnow- 
liaUs were thrown at [the friends of 
-a»e of the oandidates*; but the con- 
itblettntierpofiBg, all was quiet. 



f:award Ufnfr^^l^?', Kq; jj^ 
one of the coroners for the ^ 
county of Middlefev, took an inqui- 
fition upon the body of George 
Clarke, a young gentleman, then 
lying dead, at the White H^rt, in 
WeiDCck-ftreet, in the parilh of 
Mary hone, before a veryrefpeflabfe 
jury of neighbours, fummoned fo 
enquire how he came by his death j 
when it appeared to them, from 
very clear and pofitivcevidence,thac 
it was occafioned by a blow given 
him by a ftick or bludgeon atBtent- 
ford eIe6lion, on the 8th inft. from . 
a perfon or perfons, of the i?U;fb 
concerned in the riot on that day, at 
thcftime of the faid eledion. The 
jury, very prudently, defired to have 
the afliflance and opinion of a fur- 
geon, when a very eminent one v/as 
lent for, and, after opening the head 
of the deceafed, examining him in 
a very particular manner, and giv- 
ing his opinion, that the faid blow 
was the caufe of his death, the jury, 
without the leaft helitation, unani- 
moufly gave in their verdift to be 
wilful murder, by fome perfon or 
perfons unknown. 

The whole livery of the worlhip- 
ful company of cordwainers met at 
their hall in DidafF-lane, and came 
to a refolution to apply to parlia- 
ment, in order to have the draw* 
back taken off leather; there hat- 
ing been fo much exported of late 
as to have almoft double the price 
it formerly fold for. 

His Daniih roajefly was to take 
his departure from Paris the 8th inft. 
and had fettled his route, in order 
to return to his own dominions, as 
follows : he was to go from Pajis 
to Ferre; on the 9th He goes to 
Chalons; to Verdun on the loth ; 
to Metz on the nth ; to Nancy oW 

the 



198] ANNUAL REGISTER 

the lath; tHe i4di toLunevUfe ; hu aujeft/'* 0wli MMRedwte ]Nh 

the 1 5th :o .Saltern ; 1 6th to StraA tronaje, ani nn^ tlie dsrtdioii of 

knrefa; J9thxaWdiienbi]r£hj^:ath /any aHruflt cf the £rft nuk ia 

by Xandau to Mwheim ; 35^ to tlvur llsveral prtfeiHoiif . 

Reidelbuigi a4th toHanaui zjth The principal 6bjed of thb ij»- 

to Gle&a; aSth to Jefboiu^ ; zgt^ titutim, is ca be the fAabUlbDent 

to Caflel ; iSt of Januarf (o$fip(oa ; of weli-regulated ichook of dcfignj 

sd to Bronfwick^ 5 th to OolCKn where ftuoents in the arti oMry Sai 

or ElbHorff; and tm the 4th his that inftra£Uon which ka^ fo kmg 

majefty intendtd iying at AXteoa. been wanted, and ib long wHhed Car 

Extrad of a letter from Copenha- in thiscoantry. For this end then* 

gen^ dated Nov. 25. fore^ there will ben winter acndeayi 

^ Our excellent Sovereign is of living models of difocfit oha* 

contiiiually di/playing inftaacfls of raders to drmw afteri. ayid a inai- 

the ^oodneft of his heart. A con- mer academy, of living OH)deb of 

rier IS jaU arrived with an order diferent diaradUrs 10 paint alter ; 

'fitMn ms nujefty^ that colledions there will alio be laymen* with ail 

be made oa Sunday next, not only fem of draperies, both aacient zwi, 

in the churches of this capUaU and modem, aod choice cafts of all the 

«ther places in Zealand, but aUb celebrated aatiqiie (latues* groapi, 

in thofe of all the commercial and ba£b relievoe. Nine of the 

towns in the kingdom, in ftvoor ableft academtctam^ eie6bed aaaa- 

of the poor dilTidents of Poland." ally from amongft the fortyr are to 

The emprefsof Raffia, willing to attend tl^fe fchiaols by romion, to 

encourage the fine arts in her do- fet the figiire»» to examine the mw 

minions, has afisaed an anaoal formancesof theftadeais, toadvife 

inm of 5000 rufaks for the traaf- and uAea^ 'da^A, and to tarn thtu 

lation of foreign learned works into attcption townrch chat btenclh of 

the Ra£ian laaguage. the arts for which they ihafl iecm 

Hague,Dec. 6. Upontheprlnce to have the mjMi difpofitioa. 

of Orange's notifying, on Friday And in oraer to ioftrnA ds ia- 

laft, the pr^nancy of her royal dents in the principles and laws of 

liighaefs Kis coaibrt, to the princi- compo&tio^» «d Ifaren^ea their 

pal colleges of th^ repaUic, depo- jadgmeat, co form their tale trf'de- 

tations were lent to comptimeat figaaadooloarti^ to point oat a> 

Mm; and public prayersare ordered t&mtiiebeaatietaadimperledions 

for the princefs*s happy deHveiy of celebraied performances, and tke 

throughout die United Provinces, particular eg c ett ca c t eg and dtSa&B 

g^l^ Inftitutioa of the new Royal of great msAers, to ftt tbea far an 

Academy of Arts. unprejudiced (ludy of boolcHasid m 

His majefiy, ever ready to en- iesa4 them latie the neadktf and moft 

courage uleful improvements, said efiicacioag puuhs of Aady, tdmre ate 

alw^]rt intent upon promoting appototed^afroifefaroffatataig^ 

every branch of polite knowkd^, pgof^6i^<iuchito&art, aiKof aaa- 

hath bee« mcioafly plea&d to jn- somy, and one of perifNofiivr, wiK> 

ftitute in this metropolis a loyal areaminally to vead a oercainmoa- 

academy of arts^. to be wider \Ki^pah^kQmttBmikeMM^ 

calcii* 



Por the YEAR 1768. 



[199 



ctle&laMd for the ImrpoTes aboVe 
ncited. 

FnltinR'^re, there wUl be a li- 
i)nJty Qf books of trehite^ure, 
(Mfvm, pailktiog, and all the 
feieucei cHatf fig tkeitio ; alfb 4f 
printi of bafs-reliefty rires, tro- 
phies» ornametitSy andent and mg- 
tftm drefies, <tft^ifiB ahd c^tdno- 
ftte» iaftruifteiicti if ivar aiid art»» 
uceafils of lif^fitte^ and all ether 
ttifn|t bfefbl to Ihitetits in the arts. 
Tne adibifioto of all theie elk- 
Miftmencs vill be fVee to all fHi- 
dmts pto^eriy qualified to tH^ ad- 
niita^e fVom (Mi tvdies as ale 
Ihere cttlti^ted. tht proMbrs 
•hd aciadtfdiidatis, who ihflrwa in 
Ae (chdo6> kii¥e each of them 0i^ 
)^ (klaHtft ^ii&^xed to th^r enA- 
pioytae^ts^ ai haf e ^o tite trei- 
fartr» th^ kt^^r of the rttyal aca- 
i^ji the i^petaty> and all oth^r 
ferib^ ^Hiflbftd In titefitaha|e- 
n«lk i»f th( HM IhAiftttiOA i dnd his* 
^ feajeftf Kath» Ai- tll« pH«^iit> alM- 
M a targe hmK% ^ Pall Mftll fbr 
the pdr^Ms df this fchMtsy ftte» 

Ahi thit fht tib€l) ^ thU tfuly 

Hyal tMtl«tidn ma^^€Mll^ettt9hs 
t^ the W&r\ti th&e WIU bH til ah- 
Mal eHhiblHW ^^tttfit)|^, fcalp- 
tnres, and defigns^ tf^ Id aU ai-* 
tifts of (AlftiHgaTrhed nerU, where 
t\ktYuAft^fS» th^f ^^rfMhiMeft to 
^ahMi fi«Wialtd acqdUt kHt dip^ 
of fame and encourageiiCbt Vhi4h 

ihtf ftill be deetitiNi tb def^i^f e. 

Bat ts all IhiR #h# enter the «a- 
Mr bf the aiH arl fiol e^liatly f^t* 
eefsfol, aiiddsfdAt^afthapbiiy fierfcr 

te^^e either Ibme i(^ ehebiihige- 

Aent> bdf>afl#i*fflanyyMr9«fp«h* 
fill ftody^ at a time of 14ft Wtefi H is 
lib lite fb tiUftk of dthef parTuits, 

fiid tbemmveft Mtitate •f e?efy 
Mttrn/AiMfttfiiei and as Mifo 

are. by VftfHfh i Mlbitiei tMUMbt 



toman, rendered incapable of ex- 
erting their talents, and others are 
cat cm* in the bloom of life, before 
it cQuld be jpoAble to provide for 
their fiunilies : his majefty, whofe 
benevolence and generouty over* 
flow in every a£Uon of his life, hath 
allotted a confiderable fnm, anna- 
ally to be difbibuted, for the re- 
Hef of indigetit artifts, and th^ 
diftrefled families. 

This is bat a flight ftetch of the 
inftitation of " The Royal Acade- 
my of Arts ;'* yjst fufficient to con- 
vince the world, that no country 
can boaft of a more nfefol eftabliih- 
ment, nor of any eftabli^ed apon 
more noble principles. 

The prefent officers are, 
JoihiMt Reynolds, prefident> 
WilKam Chambers, treafuref, 
GMtgt Michael Mofer, keeper, 
Ffahtis Mil. Newton, fecretaryi 

Pf efMlbf Of t>airtting, £dw. Pehtiy, 

6f Arehiteaure, Tho^s 

. Saddby, 
of AaatOtfty, Df'.^Uiitn 

Hniitei-, 
of Perfpeftive, Snhi. WAte, 
Cotindl. 

GjNsrge Sarret, 
William Chambers, 
Francis Cotesi 
Nathaniel Hone, 
JifHJifiiah Meyer, 
Edward Penny, 
l^aal Sandby, 
jofeph Wilton. 

Vifitors : 
A^oftino Carlini. 
Charles Cattoo, 
J. Bap. CiDv4an!> . 
Nathaniel Dance. 
Fnnols Haymaoi 
fetor Toms, 
Benjamin Weft, 
lUchard Wllfon, v ; 
^ianoffco 2ao6at)0s; 

Alettet 



lOoJ 



annoajl register 



A Icetcr from Paris fays, " The 
fieur Brioche, a notary of this city, 
has juftgiven a rare example of gc- 
neroHty and diflnterefiednefs. The 
late fieur Coignard, his uncle, made 
him his heir and nniverfal legatee, 
leaving only trifling legacies (coo- 
iidering his fortune) to his other ne- 
phews and relations ; but the fiear 
Brioche has proved himfelf worthy 
of that preference, by augmenting 
all the legacies of the other kind- 
dred, in proportion to their degrees 
of affinity. Sec, ^n a^ion which 
mad ceruinly heighten, if poffibie, 
the general efteem which that gen- 
tleman had before acquired." 
. Bxtrad of a letter from Ro^heder, 

Dec. 20. 

" A moft terrible fire at this 
place broke out at the houfe of an 
eminent undertaker, at twelve on 
Saturday night. There were two 
young women in the houfe burnt to 
death; one, the matd-fervant^ and. 
the other her fifter, A foldier, on 
the roof of the adjoining houfe, fell 
in with it, and (hared the fame fate. 
Seven hotties in front, with the 
/lable$> ont-hoafes, hay-((acks, &c. 
wt^re wholly confnmed, and three 
snore fo much damaeed, that they 
are not habitable. By what means 
this calamitotu affair happened, is 
■Dt known;, but the owner of the 
lottfc where it began is flrongly 
ccafiired for words which he had 
been heard to fpeak ibme time be- 
fore ; and certain it is, that he, in 
the midj^ of his trouble, lail night, 
cat his own throat, and died this 
snoming ; but before he exoired, 
ke made-figns for pen and ink, and 
wrote that he did his endeavour to 
Ikve the young women* Several 
fiimilies, not l^ing infured, have 
loft their all." 

Thurfday Uft^ mifs<}ardiner, on^ . 



ly daughter of Frederick OafdiAef, 
efc|; of BJofroms-hali in Wiltihirt, 
being dreadfully fri^tened bym 
bull, wasfo flrmngely affe^ed, that, 
in the fpace of^four houn, her 
hair, which was before of a hoc 
brown, became as grey at that of a 
perfon of 80 years of age. 

Letters from Peteribareh give ii» 
the following account of the pro- 
grefsofche inoculation for thefmall- 
pox, lately performed on the em- 
prefs of Ruffia, viz. The operation 
was performed on the 23d of Odo* 
ber laft, by Dr. Dimfdale, who had 
been fent for from England for that 
purpofe; and her imperial majeftf 
let out the next day for Czariko 
Selo. It. had no viAble effea till 
the 29th, when, the weather beinr 
fine, and the ground covered with 
fnow, her majcfly took a walk in 
the morning for the air, as ihe had 
done the preceding days ; and, on 
her return to her apartment about 
two in the afternoon, felt fome^ 
fymptoms of a fever, which conti-' 
nued till the jifl towards fix in the 
evening, when the eruption firft be- 
gan to appear. The empre&kopt 
her apartments but three days ; the 
reil of the tin^e (he went abroad and 
faw company. 

His majefty went in fbtc ^ 
to the houfe of peers, and 
^ave the royal auent to the follow* 
ing bills : 

The bill for granting an aid to 
his majefty of three fhillings in the 
pound land-tax, to be raifed in 
Great Britain, for 1769.. 

The bill for continuing the du- 
ties on malt, mum, cyder, and 
perry, for 1769. 

. The bill for allowing a further 
time for the free importauon of rice 
into, this kingdom from his majefty*! 
^ol<toip$ i^.North ^ci;ica.. 

Tie 



CHRONICLE. [201 

The bin for the reguUtioa of lik Jkaps ever fliewed the greatnefs of the 

najdly's marine forces while tut prefent emprefs's mind more than 

Ihove. her courage afid public fpirit on this 

The bill for the more cfeduallf occaiion ; in endeavpnring to get 

preventing the clandeftine importa* the better of her fnbjeds' prejudice 

tion of foreign fpirits, and for ex- againft this very beneficial pradice 

plaining an nJEt which relates to pe* by ordering the operation to be ixfk 

mines loflided upon jperfons felling performed on herlelf and fon. 
ale, beer, or other excifeableliquorsy A horfe, belonging to Mr. Deli- 

by retail, withoat licence, &c. more of Hanftead in Hertfordfhire- 

The bill for pnniftiing mutiny was cut for the (lone» and a calculus 

aod defertion, and fbr the better extraded which weighed lylb. The 

payment of the army and their horfe died immediately after the 

quarters. operation. 

The bill fbr repairing, improv* His majefty went, with . 

ing, and better pceferving the har- the ufual ftate, to the houfe ^4^'^* 

bottr and quay of Welh> in the of peers, attended by hb grace the 

county of Ncnfolk* dulce of Ancafter and the earl of 

The bill for naturalizing George Denbieh ; and gave the royal aflent 

Madrafs. "^ to thel>ill for prohibiting, for a 

The bill for naturalizing Paul further limited time, the expor- 

Niedrick. utiou of com, grain,, meal, malt. 

The bill fbr naturalizing John flour, bifcuit, and ilarch, and alfo 

Henry Schneider. the extradion of fpirits from low 

The bill for ereding a market- wines, 
hottfe, and holding a market, at We hear that his royal hi^hnefs 

Taunton, in Somerfetihire, for prince Wifliam Henry, and the 

dean£ng the ftreets, and for lighting princefs royal, have both had the 

certain ftreett in the &id town. fmall-pox in the moft favourable 

And to fuch bills as were ready, manner, and are judged to be out 

A Between five and (ix in the of danger. 

evening, the (bock of an The eldefi prince of Mecklen* 

earthquake was felt at Worcefter, burgh Strelitz, now here, has been 

and the parts adjacent. twice inoculated iot the4mall-pox; 

The (hock was alfo felt at Glou- but no eruption having yet appear* 

cefter, where many people in a ed, it is fuppofed his highneis muft 

fright left their homes. One who have had it in the natuial way info 

was in the cathedral ikys, the whole favourable a manner as to have ef« 

of that edifice was (haken. A gen* caped the nodce of the family, 
tieman, paffinff through the fields. The ingenious Dr. Short, well 
a^rms, the birds were lenfible of it, known fbr his curious obfervations 
and left the hedges in a kind of on the air, and by his hiftory of mi* 

terror. neral waters, remarks, in a late ler- 

Advices from Ruffia inform us, ter from Rotherham, that, fbr fe- 
that the grand duke, who was lately venty years pail, in the cqurfe of 
Uncnlatnl there for the fmall-pox, his joomal on the weather and at- 
is daily recoverihg. Nothing per- mofphere, he tu^d npt ceoiembered & 
VouXI. [0] feafon 



zoz] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



feafon in which there had fallen fock 
quantities of rain, as in eTeryfum* 
mer for the four laH years. 

The common council of Lon* 
don paired an a a on the 28th of 
Odober laft, for regulating the 
watch of this mMropolis for the 
year enfuing, viz. from Dec, 15, 
1768, to Dec. 25, 1769; and the 
Turn to be paid to the watchmen 
and beadles for all the wards in 
the city for next year amounts in 
the whole to 11,747!. 75. The 
fum to be aiTefled on the inhabi* 
tants next year will amount to 
23,6801. 7«. 

A dreadful hurricane arofe on 
the 25th of Oftober, on the 
ifland of Cuba, by which the town 
and harbour of the Havannah fuf-. 
fered irreparably. Honfes, (hip, 
and docks, were involved in one 
common ruin, and above 1000 
ibuls perifhed almoft infbintane- 
Oufly. The ftorm began on the 
fouth-fide, and died away on the 
North, and did ^not continue more 
than two hours : 96 public edifices^ 
and 4048 houfes', were deftroyed 
byit, 

Peterfburgh, Dec. 6. On Sa- 
turday, Sunday* and ycfterday, 
very folemn fcrnices were perform- 
ed in the imperial chapel and the 
different churches here. On the 
firft dav, for the recovery of the 
imprefs and the grand duke, after 
their having been inoculated. The 
fecond, to aik the divine afliftance 
in the courfe of the war, which 
was that day declared. And ycf- 
terday 'on account of the feaft of 
St. Catherine the emprefs's name 
day. After tht* emprefs had re^ 
<eived the complioients of the fe- 
Tiate,^ &c. her imperial majefty was 
pleafed to gtanC to Dr. Dimidale, 



ftnd to^ his kwful hrirs male, tte 
dignity of a baron of the RufiuA 
empire; and as a farther inftancfe 
of the fenie- her imperial najefty 
entertains of his merit, and of tl^ 
fervice he has performed to her 
peribn, family, and empire, flie 
has been pleafed to make him a 
prefenc of loool. for his journey 
hither: the like f«m for hit return 
to England ; and alfo a prefent of 
to/oool. and has fettled oft hiMi 
500). per anmim during his Mm^ 
with the title of medicin du corps, 
and counfellor of ftate, which 
gives him the rank of major ge* 
neral. 

Letters from Peterfbargh neii^ 
tion, that the emprefs of Roffia has 
ordered two merchants in London, 
to pay Dr. DimiUale loioool. fter- 
Hag, upon his arrival in London, 
and granted him 500I. per. annnm 
daring his life. She has likewiie 
made the do<^or phyftcian to hcr- 
felf and the grand duke; alfo ap- 
pointed him pivy counfellor of 
ftate, and created him baron of 
the empire of all theRuffias. 

Pifa, Dec. 13. The duchefs 
dowager and regent of the little 
dutchy of MafTa, died t]^ere a few 
days ago. 

Vienna, Dec. 17. A medal has 
•been ftruck here, in honour of the 
fuccefsful inoculation of the arch- 
duke and archduchefs Thcrcfia; 
it bears on one fide the buds and 
names of their imjjerial majeflies : 
on the rcverfe is the following in- 
fcription; '< ferdimakdvs, max- 

IM1LIANUS> BOaVM<^E * KIP- 
TIS THERESIA, ARCHIDUCCS AV- 
STRIjC OH INFBSTIS VARIOLIS 
R€STITVTI. 29 SEPT. I768.** 

Berlin, Dec. 17. His Pruffian 
tiajelly, accompanied by the prince 

. ■' of 



CHRONICLE. 



U03 



«f BrunfVick, arrived here yeftcr- 
dzy from Focfdana^ in order to 
fpcnd his Chriilmas in this city. 
His majelly has fent the ropft xnag- 
fti£cenc prefents to the queen and 
the royal family; the gifts' to 
prince ifenry confill of the enfigns 
of the order of the black eagle, 
richly garni fhed with 'diamonds. 

Paris, Dec. 28. The king has 
figned the contra^ of marriage 
between the marquis de Fitz James, 
colonel of the regi^nent of his name, 
and madenyoifelie de Thiard. 
Extrad of a letter from Naples. 

Dec. I . •' Sixteen thoufand per- 
foDs have died here •of the fmall- 
poi; but«the fury of that diftemper 
begins to abate." 

Married, at Oldwinford, Mr, 
Bithom of Stourbridge, to Mrs. 
Martin of Knirer. They were both 
bom in the fame y^ar, and their 
tges, when added together, amount 
to upwards of i6d, 'Mr. Bathom 
has been- totally dark for feven 
ycar^. 

We are afmred that there is now 
living in Qaeen-fquare, Welhnin- 
ftcr, one Mr. DiVes, a gentleman, 
who is in the 1 1 5th year of his age, 
Mddefcended from Sir Lew is Dives, 
wbowas a cavalier in the reign of 
king Charles the firft. 

At the village of Wainsford in 
Harapfhire, there is now living one 
Peter White in the 95th year of 
biiage, who was born deaf, dumb, 
tnd blind, and without legs or arms, 
^hich arc fa pplied by Hum^s of 
ibout four inches long. 

Died.] At Leeds, after having 
completed his 114th year, Robert 
Oglcby, the noted old linker. It 
appears by his rcgiftor that hr was 
born at Rippon. on the i6ih of 
November, 1654; to corroborate 



which, his own account of himfelf 
is, that he was put apprentice in 
1668 to one Sellers, a brazier in 
York, when he was 14 years old ; 
ferved him feven years in that ca- . 
pacity, and two years more as a 
journeyman; then he began buli- 
nefs for himfelf at Rippon, which 
he carried on five years, and fail- 
ed; after which he went to Hull, 
and wrought journey-work there 
four years, %vhen he entered into 
king James's fervice; was fent 
with the regiment into Ireland, 
where he changed his mailer, and 
was among the number of^ thofe 
who fought under king William, 
at the battle of theBoyne, in 1690, 
where he faw the Duke of Schom- 
berg fall. He ferved about 23 
years longer in the army in differ- 
ent places, and was difchargcd 
after the peace of Utrecht; but 
having neither wounds nor infir- 
mities to plead for him, he got no 
pendon; fo he refumed his old 
trade, or rather took up the new 
one of travelling brazier, which he 
continued till within four years oi 
his drarh, and, at the amazing 
age of 100, would carry his budget 
20 miles in a winter day, and do 
his bulinefs with as much alacrity 
as any other man ai 50. But he 
foon aft(*r grew infirm, and was 
obliged to give up the itinerant 
trade he had carried on above fiity 
ye*i:s,and take to begging. 

William Carter, a poor blind 

* 

man, at Ui^n^iOonc in Hampfhire, 
who h^d received pr y of ihe parifh 
for 25 yeirs la t pud. i^c «as 113 
years old, and was a fergeant in the 
icrvice of q'lr'^n Anne, and ia all 
the batrirs a:.d fi?;^es with the 
duke of Mailbjrougj and prirce 
Eugene. 
[O2] At 



204] ANNUAL REGISTER, 176S. 



At his hoofe at Chelfea> aged 
99, Mr. Robert Fyafs. 

Aged 92 yearsx Mrs. Lucas» fur* 
Her, in Panton-ilreet> Leicefter- 
fields. 

At Di^ogheda in Ireland, Mrs* 
Adams* aged 1 20 years. 

In the courfe of the pad year, 
4,173 (hips have been cleared from 
the port of Newcaftle, (which is 
453 more than in the preceding 
year); of which 3,728 were coaft- 
ways« and 44; to foreign places. 

The Dutch fent out this year, 
on the whale-iiihery, 1 24 (hips, of 

hich five periihed in the ice. 



A general bill of all the chrifiea- 
ings and bnrials from Dec. tj* 
1767, to Dec. 13, 1768. 
Chriftened, 



Males 
Females 



8321 
7721 



InaU — — 



Males 
Females 



Buried, 



16042 

12134 

1150$ 



23639 
this 



In all — 

Increafed in the 
year 1027. 

Died under two years of age 8229 
Between two and iive — 2441 
Five and ten — — 963 



w 

The reft have brought home be- 
tween them, 300 whales. 

The following is an account of Ten and twentv 
the exports to the continent of Twenty and Unrty 
America, from England only, for Thirty and forty 
five years, exclufi ve of Scotland. • 
1761 amounts to 1.5 {4,866 2 



1762 

1764 
176s 



1,812,052 17 

2,230,022 15 
2,228,450 3 



5 

7 

2 

o 
8 



£. 10,360,821 1 6 8 



^hich is 2,072,1641. 7s. 4d. per. 
annum, on a medium of thofe five 
years, by the cuftom houfe entries 
and valuation. 

Imports from the continent of 
America to England only, for five 
years, exdufive of Scotland. 
1761 amounts to 787,978 15 



Forty and Mty 
Fifty and fixty — 
Sixty and feventr 
Seventy and eighty 
Eighty and ninety 
Ninety and an hundred 
An hundred * 

An hundred and one 
An hundred and two 



— 874 

— 1910 

— 215? 

— 219a 

— 1714 

— 1515 

— 1097 

— 47» 

— 7» 

I 

— t 
— 1 



1762 
1763 

1764 
1765 



i,U5*i99 3 
1,164,844 8 

1,204,238 II 

1,104,690 o 



o 
6 
6 

2 
o 



£. Sf^Sf^io >S 2 



which is 1,021,1301. 3s. 7d. 4 
er annum, on a medium of thofe 
;ve years, by the coftom-houfe en- 
ries of Zngland only. 



I 



Bills of births, Sec. for the year 

F 1768. 

Paris. Bom 17,578. Deaths 
20808. Decreafed in the births 
this year 2171. Increafed in the 
deaths 933. Foundlings received 
in the hofpiub 6025. 

Amfterdam. Births 4741* 
Deaths 9656. Decreafed in the 
births this year 167. Increafed 
in the deaths 2657. Ships came 
into the Texel 1602. 

Turin. Births 2962. Deaths 
3167. Increafed in the births 

this 



CHRONICLE. 



[20s 



Ass yeir 6. Decretfed in the 
deaths 813. 

AtKoniogiberginPnifia* Births 
2152. Dea£si763. Shipsentered 
die harbour 761. 

At Dantzick. Births 1^13. 
Death 2188, and 1 190 veiTels failed 
Ont of the river. 

In Manchefter and Selfbrd laft 
year there were 960 chriftenings, 
S67bttrial8» and 39^ marriages. 
Increafed in chriftenings 3 1 . in- 
creaffd in burials 17}. fncreafed 
in narriages 53. 

At Darlington laft year there 
were 135 chriftenings, 194 burials^ 
and 34 marriages. 

City and inburbs of York, 
chriftenings 410, marriages 17^, 
and burials C05. Decreafed in 
ckriftenings this year 6a. Increafed 
ia marriages 22. Increafed in bu* 
lials 100. 

At Norwich, from Jan. I . to Dec. 
31 > 1768, have been chriftened 
1049, bnried 1 136. Deoreafed in 
the births 64. Decreafed in the 
b«nats26. 

At Newcaftle and Gate(head, in 
the c^nrfe of laft vear, were chrif- 
tened 741, baried 773,— The bu* 
rials of \he ooakers, anabaptifts, 
and in the Ballaft hills« are not in* 
daded in the above« which are 
computed to be. above 300. 

In Sufiderland Jaft year were 
chriftened 249, married 91, buried 

At Whitby lail year there were 
1x6 chrifteningSy 203 burials^ and 
51 marriaees« 

At CheSer there were 380 chrif* 
tned, 422 buried, and 135 mar? 
ricd. Increafed in chriftienings 29. 
iacreafed in burials 55^ and de^ 
acafed in marriages 8. 

Ac Liverpool. Births 1057* 
Sttths 1073* Decreafed in Urthi 



2 1 . Increafed in deaths 5a Mar* 
riages 483. 

Lifts of births and deaths in 
London, for 4 years, beginning in 
1717. 

Date Chriftened. Buried. 

18 18,307 26,522 

19 .18,413 28,34^ 

20 17^79 25.4J4 
tor 3 years, beginning 1727. 

1727 18,252 28,418 

28 16,652 . 27,810 

29 17,000 29,722 
For 3 years, beginning 1734. 

1734 17,630 26,062 

3$ 16,873 «3»538 

36 16,491 27,581 
From the year 1739 ^® ^7^7* 

1739 16,181 «$.43* 

40 15*231 30,811 

4» «4'957 3*.>6> 

4« » 3.7 J I «7»4«I 

43 IS>c|o 25,200 

44 14.261 20,606 

45 I4»07« «i»29(^ 

46 14.577 »«'«sr 

47 14*942 25,494 

48 I4>i53 9}p^ 

49 I4»269 25,sig 

50 14,548 23,729 

51 I4'69X ti*oii 

52 i5»^o8 20,48c 

53 iS>^H »9»*75 

54 U»947 22,696 

55 15**09 »^9«r 

56 H'^39 20,872 

57 H*i33 22,3it 

58 14,209 17,576 

59 H**53 I9»^ 

60 U.95J 19»>3^ 
6t |6,oQO 21,065 

62 I5>351 26,326 

63 >5»>3S 26,143 

64 16,801 23,202 

S 16,374 23,230 

>6»257 23*911 

67 I5*9te 22,612 
fOli BIRTHS- 






zo6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768, 

BIRTHS Puchcft of Buccleugh, of a lb» 

and heir. 
For the year 1768. * Lady of fir Thomas PVank- ^ 

Latel}r» lady of the kte fir Ellis kndj of a daughter. ^ 

CuiflifFe/ of a 'daughter*. Lady of lord Moont- A^-y -^ 

, . Vifcoantefs Randagh of florence, of a fon and ^ ^' 

J*"-5-afon; heir. 

Lady of Sir PavidLindfey, of a Countefs of BuckiaghaiDj of a 

daughter. daughter. 
^■^ Ladyof thchon.Mr. Byng, Lady Betty Craven, of a |^ 

•* of a Ton. fon. ^ 

• Countefs of Pomfret, of a fon. The lady of tins bifliq) of St. 

Countefs of EScx, of a fon. Pavid's, of a daughter, 
r Countefs of Shannon, of Countefs of Strathmore, of a 

a daughter. daughter. 
1 Lady of fir Thomas Sta- Lady Langham, pf a ^ 

' * pleton, of a daughter. daughter. ^ '. 

Right honourable lady Hope, of Honourable Mrs. Ve- %* . 

a daughter. nables Vernon, of a ^ ^' 

. ' Countefs of Elgin, of a daughter. 
^^^^' fon. Lady of lord WUliaip Seymour. 

Lately, lady of his excellency of a fon. 
lord Charles Greville Montagu^ of Lady Harriet Conyers, of a • 

a daughter. daughter. ^ ' 

Lady Reay, of a daughter. Counted of Donegal, of a 

I^dy Knatchbul, of a fon. daughter. 
aSth ^^^ majeftv the queen of Right honourable lady i 

Denmark, of a prince. Grofvenor, of a fon. I3tn. 

Feb 10 Countefs or Moray, of Her rpyal highnefs the princefs 

a fon. of Brunfwick, of a daughter. 
jt Lady of the right hon. Countefs of Thanet, of a daogh- 

• lord Sondes, of a fon. ter. 

, Vifcountcfs Torrington, . Countefs of Barrymorc, , . 

^4^"- of a daughter. of a daughter. '^^'^ 

The lady of his excellency ge- Right honourable lady q^l 

»eral Qage, of twins (a fon and Hincningbrook,o£adaugh- 

dau|;h(cr} at his houfe in New ter. 
YorK. Lady of the honoura- , 

The Princefs Dorothea Maria, We WUliam Brabazon, of J"**^ 3- 

fpoefe of. the herediury count of , a fon 

Lowenflein Wartheim, of a daugh- Lady of fir Edward Swinbura, 

ter. of a daughter. 
iur«r^lt -» ^^ grace the duphefs Lady of the honourable * 

**"^'* 3-of Mancheftcr,of a fon. Charles Yorke, of a fon and 5^''- 

, Countefs of Northeik, of a heir. 
'^ fon. * Lady of fir Gervas Clifton, ba- 

, The right)ionoQrable lady ronet, of k fon. 
*^ Garlics, of a (on, .. . 2 id. Countefs 



C H R O NIC L E. 



[lOj 



^^M Couatefdof Dalkoufit» of 4 

^''^•daoghter. 

^, Theduchefsof Portland, 

" of a fon and heir. 



«i g . . Duchcfc of BoltoQj of a 
y^^ • daughter. 

Lady of fir Thoma3 Brougbton» 
of a daughter. 
^ Coantftfs of Darnlcy , of a 

daughter. 
. Lady of lord vifcouni 

** ^* Downe, of a daughter. 
^^.L Lady Courienay, of a 

' * fon. 

Lady of the archbifhop of York, 
of a daaghter. 

C^untefs of Darlington, of a 
daaghter^i ■ 

«^ The princefs royal of of a fon. 

^ ' Denmark, confort of the 
Weditary prince of Heffe Caifel, 
•f a daughter. 
Oaob. ^ LadySufanBurghcrlh, 

-''of a daughter, 
loth. ^^y vifcountefs Wey* 
mouthy of a daughter. 

Lady Blaney, of a daughter. 
Kth Countefsof SheUivne, of 
^ • • a Con. 



CouHtcfs of Home, of a j^^ 
daughter. . , 

Lady of Sir Rowland Wyiuie, cjf 
a daughter. 

At LifboH, hpr roy^ 
highncfs the princefs of Bra- 
zil, ofa daughter. 

Lady Sara^ Bunbur^, of 
a daughter. 

Counted oF Shaftefbury,' 
of a fon> 

Puchefs of Beaufort, of a 
fon. 

Lady Armitage, of a fon. 

Counters of Bruhl, late 
countefs of Egremoat, df a 
fon. 

Lady of lord Aihbrook, 



15 th. 
19th. 

24th. 



30th'. 



^*» f ' w>r ' f » wi p >m 9% ' r 



N|X-» 



MARRIAGES, if^i. 

Lately, Ri^bt hoAOurable loH. 
Blaney, 10 Miii Tippyig- 

Thomas Twifletoo, efquire, of 
Broughton in OxCbrdihire, a Eei»* 
tenant colonel in tke third regi- 
ment of foot guards, to Mifs Tur- 
ner, eldeft daughter of the late, Sir 



23d. 



Duchefs of Hamilton, of a Edward Turner, baronet, 
fon. SirJ&dmund Wilfon* baronet^ to 

Lady of Sir William Bagott, of MiA Arabella Wilkinfon. 
I daogKter. Lord Beauchamp, fon to jMu 

25 th. ^^ '^^ Hague, the prin- the earl of Hertford, to the 
^ cefs of Naflau Wcilburg, of honourable Mifs Windfor, daugh- 
» prince. ter to the late lord Windfor. 

Duchefs of Gordon, of a daugb- His Excellency Sir p-broarv »• 

Geocge Macartney, «w**y 

his . jnajefty's ambaflador^ at tht 
Ruflian court, to lady Jaxie Staw^t 
art, fecond daughter to iho carl of 
Bute. 

The right honourtble lord i • 
GeorgeSutton, Ceco^d fon of ^ * 
the duke o£RtttUnd» iQ^iAik Hu^ 



ter. 

Nov 2 ^^^ ^^ ^^^ "^' ^^' 
' * nourable Thoma^To\ynf-» 

^d, junior, of a fon. 

3jjj Between eight and nine 

• o'clock in the evening, her 

■^jefly was happily, delivered of a 

priiceff. 



^n^ LadyMottAtftcwfirt, Qf i^. I^eart. 



Vih. Sir 



*o83 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



^ ' ^^ Jtmes Ibbetfon, Im- 
^"* Tonet, to Mift Caygill of 
Halifax* 

loth. ^^Z^^ honourable lord 
^ Home, to Mifs Ramfay, 

^.m In Ireland, the earl of 

^'"* Miltown, to Mifs French. 
Paron de Hobe of Mecklen- 

l>urgh, to Miis Nancy Bazleyof 

BrinoU 

miarrlt t«fk Honourable Mr. 
March lath. Beau^^k^ ^^ ^^ 

right hoooorable lady Diana 

Spencer. 

«^^ The earl of Kerry, to 

^♦^ Mrs. Daly. 

A M.^1 ^ ^^^ ^f Rothes, to Mifs 

^P^H f Jane Maitland. 

^^ |{u majefty the ki^g of the 

«^Two SicUtes, to tjie arch- 

dacheft Quirlotte« 

^^^ John RadpUft, di|Qire, 

■*^* to lady Frances Howard, 

fitter to the earl of Carlifle. 
_^ Honourable Raby Vane, 
' efqnire, brother to the earl 

of Darlington, to Mifs Ejrres^ 

idaufhter of the late biibop Eyres, 
lie bifliop of Dorham, to Mi6 

Stonehewer. 

William Pi^gott, efqnire* of 

Bucks, to Mito Wolfeley, only 

daughter to fir William Wolfeley, 

of Sta£fbrd(hire. 

m#«« mA ^^^ Alexander ^lacdo- 

^^^ 3«- ndd, baronet, to Mils 

BofviUe. 

scth ^^^ Gower, lord prefi- 
^ * dent of the council, to lady 
Sofan Stnart, daughter to th^ earl 
of Galloway. 

Inne 12 HonopraMc Treror 

June ^. Hampden, efqnire, fon 

to lord Trevor, to Mifs Greeme, 

only daughter to major general 

Grccme. 

-r**. Sir John Palmer, baro« 

*i"^ net, to Mifs Charlotte 



Googh, daughter of fir Wmf 
Gottgh. 

Lord Tifcoqnt I^ongfiirda to Mift 
llowlfv. 

Sir Thomas Champn^ys,.^. . 
baronet, to Mift Cox. J"*^ '• 

Earlof Charlemont, tp Mifi 
Hickman. 

Earl of Abingdon, to Mifs ^ 
Warren, daughter of thekte ' 
admiral fir Peter Warren. 

Captain Baron, to Mifs Heron« 
only daughter of fir Thomas Heron, 
of Bifliop Middleham,in the county 
of Dorham. 

Earl Comwallis, to Mifi ,^,1, 
Jones. '^^^ 

• TBe reverend fir Peter Rirers 
Gay, baronet, to Mifs Qoxe of 
KenfingtpQ, 

Jphn Simpfon, efq; to lady 
Ann Lyon, dan^^ter of the hte 
earl of Strathmore. 

Chrifiooher Bethel, efq; to the 
honourable Mifs Sandys, yonngeft 
daughter to lord Sandys. ' 

Svr William Beft, baronet, tpVifs 
Jackfon. 

Honbnrable and rcre- ^^ 
rend Dr. fjpel. brother tq *^^' 
lord Wentworth, to Mifs Boothby. 

Sir Griffith Boyron, a«* « 
baronet, to Mift Mary, '^"«- *• 
daughter of ^r James HeUe- 
thwayte. 

John Gates, ef^qire, of ^ 
Dunmow, to lady Bean- -^ ' 
mont, relid of the Is^te Sir George. 

Heneage Legge, efquire, , 
fori of the late baron Legge, • 

to Mifs Mufgrove, daughter of fir 
Philip. 

His ferene hi^hnefs . ^^ 
onnce Fredenck of ^*^ • 
Brunfwick, to the princefs J^re- 
derica Sophia Charlotte Augufla of 
Wurtemberg OeL 

Captain 



CHRONICLE- 



[209 



Oipttin Clunp^U of the gutrds^ 
to Mn. Frances Meadow9» oaiigJi* 
ttt to fir Sidney Meadows* and 
one of the maids of honoar to the 

•^•1. ^ J^^ Lyndfay, baro* 
'5"*- net. to MlfsMtlner. 

Thomas DeUval, efq. to Mlfs 
VTatfon, filler to lady DarerSj with 
75iOeol. fortaoe. 

fsA^u t Alexander lord Co\U 
^^*^- '• Wile, rear-admiral of the 
white, to lady Elizabeth Macfar* 
kne, fiCer to the earl of Kelly. 
£^ Sir lames Calder, baronet, 
"^ to Mils Odiame,of St. James's 
li|iiaf». 

HoQoarable Bdmand Botler, eld- 
eft (onto lord vifeoant Monntgar- 
let, ta lady Harriet Batler, daogh- 
fcr to the earl of Carriek. 

1 uh '^^^ ^^^ ^ Hilllboroagh, 
to the right honoarable lady 
StawelL 

«.»!. ^ Thomas Henfon, to 
»4«*» iL|;r, Meadttwes. 

— ^^ Bowyer, Squire, 
to lady Downing, reliA 
of the late fir Jacob Downing. 

'•^ Mifs Vernon, fitter to kdy 
Grofrenor. 

2ifi. ^^^ William Cnnningham, 
baronet, to Mifs Frances 
Myrton. 

wx^ Lord ▼ifconnt Moly- 

^^* ^* neaax, to lady IfabeHa 
Sianhope, daughter of the earl of 
Harrington. 

fth- ^'^^^ reverend Charles 
^ lord bi(hop of Oifory, to MiA 
Smythe. 

lAth. '^^ hononrable Ponfon- 
*^ by Moore, brother to the 
earl of Drogheda, to the honoor- 
able Miis Moore* fifter to lord irif- 
count Mount Caftel. 



Nov. 8. 



Priiicipal PROMOTIONS for 
the year 1768, from the London 
Gazette, &c. 

His royal bighnefs the t ^ 4 
duke of Glouccfter, to be J*°* ^' 
a major-general of his majefty^ 
forces, and alio to the command of 
the third regiment of foot guards, 
in the room of John earl of Roches^ 
deceafed. 

Right honourable Wills , 
earl of Hilliborou^h, and •^"*- 
Thomas vifconnt Weymouth, to be 
two of his majefty's principal (ecre* 
taries of ftate. 

Ri|ht hononrable Richard Rig« 
by, efq. to be one of the vice<trea- 
fnrers of Ireland. 

Edward Willes, efq. folicitor-ge* 
neral, to be one of the judges of the 
court of king's bench. 

John Dunning* efq. to be foUci* 
^r-general. 

The right reverend and ,^j^ 
honourable Frederick bi- 3^"» 
(hop of Cloynrin Ireland* is tran(^ 
lated to the biftioprick of Derry im 
that kingdom. 

Richard Steel, of the city of 
Dublin, efq. and his heirs male law- 
fully begotten, the dignity of a ba^ 
ronet otthat kingdom. 

David Cuthbert, efquire, « • 
to be acommiflloner of ex- 
Cife in Scotland, in the room of 
George Burges, efquire : George 
Burges, efouire, to be compti oiler 
general of nis maje(!y's cultoms in 
Scotland, and alfo of the fait duties, 
in the room of William Jones, efq. 
deceafed. 

Thomas Marrifon, efquire, to be 
his majedy's attorney in the iiland 
of Jamaica, in the room of Gilbert 
Ford, ttq. deceafed. 

A com* 



tio] 



ANMUAt JIEC^ISTER, 1768. 



Acommiffion iflued under the 
great rea}> aothoriadng indoi»p<M^ 
wring Richard Sittteii, Wiltiam 
Blair, and William FrAfer, dqaifes^ 
or any two of them, to execute the 
office of keeper of hismajeft/'spri- 
iry feal, for and during the fpace and 
term of fix weeh9» determinable 
nevertheless at his majefty 's pleafy re: 
^d alfo to gianty during hi& ma-r 
It^y's pleiifare, to the rigbt honouir* 
able, William earl of Chatham, thjt 
faid office of keeper ef his inajefty's 
privy feal, from and after (he 
md term of fix weeks^ or other 
ioener determinatioB of the Cud 
commiffion. 

r-k ./:..k Lieutenant genera] 
Feb. i6th. George Howard, to be 

governor of the royal hofpital ne%r 
Chelfea, in the room of £r Robert 
Rich, bart. deceafed* 

Lieutenant general John Moftyni^ 
to be governor and commander in 
chief of his Majefty 's ifland of Mi- 
norca, in the room of lieutenant 
general George Howard. 

John Hinchcliffe, do^or in divi- 
nity, and one of his majeilry's chap- 
lains inordinary, the place of mailer, 
of Trinity college, Cambridge; 
vacant by the death of doftor Ro- 
bert Smith. 

Reverend Charles Agar, dodor 
of laws, and dean of Kilmore*, tor 
the biflioprick of Cloyne, in the 
kingdom of Ireland ; vacant by 
the tranflation of the right reve- 
rend father in God Frederick 
I?.te biihop thereof to the fee of 
Derry. 

. His majefty was pleafed- 

to confer the honour of 
knighthood on Francis Laurent, of 
the Grenades, eiiquire. 

1 Robert Sandfordi^cfqu ire, 

^ ■ to be governor of the tow a 

and port of Galway, in the king- 



d^n of Ireland* Sn: the roofl» of 

Stratford Eyre» cf^. d««e4fe4 

. Sir John Hort, baronet, ciHiAtt 

gencKil at Lifi>Qa. 

The right honourable ... 
Charfe»Shaw,h)rdea?hcart, *♦"*• 
oneof the fiitteen peers for ^q^n^» 
kaightof the meH ^ncifiit order 
pf the thiffle, firfi commiQioQer of 
police in {that pait of his naje^ 
ty^ kingdom^ of Qreat . Bcitaio 
called Scotland, and lieutenant ge- 
neral of bitf »aj^y'i fptcts, h>$4na^ 
jefty's ambafladopextrapfdin^x and 
xniniAeF plonipotentiaryvta the era- 
p^efs of Ruffia. 

William Young, efq. my^,^ J, ^r 
Heuteoant • {evefnoi- • Of '^^^ ^\ 
DoG^iniea, in the room pf Qeorg« 
Scott, efquire, deceafed. ' 

Lord Chftrios Spencer* a |q^|, 
lordof the admiralty. "* 

Th^ privy »fe^ was rtt' aV 
delivered to the earl of 

ChathMa: 
Mr. Lewis die Vifine, ftfcretarjr 

to the tinbafly co-the emprefs of 

Ruffia. 

Robert Irvine, efquire, ' . 
conful at Oftend, Bruges, ^ ^ 
&c, . . • 

Henry Shirdley, efquire, tom- 
miOary-g^netal of ftpres apd provi* 
ilons in Eaft Flocida. 

Sir James Dunbar, deputy judge 
advocate of North 'Britain. 

Thomas Colby, efquire, a com- 
iniiTioner of the vidualling-o£ce* 

Reverend Hugh Ha- .-:!,-, 
milton,clo6lor of divinity,* * .^* 
to the deanery of Atoaeh. 

Honourable Frederick ,Thynnei 
mafter oAhe king's houlhold. 

Richard Vernon, efquire, a clerk: 
of the green cloth. " . 

. George JackfOn, efquire, judg^ 
advocate of the admiralty.. 

May zytiu 



• • 



C H R 0; N i C I, E. 



[ait 



lift. 



MAr^7^^ Thomas Hafl<>y, lordn 
mayor of the city of London, ^ 
privy counfeilor. 

g . William O'Brien, efqrfe* 

^ • xrctary ai>4 provoft taajr fhajL 

of the Bef raod^ ifli^nd^.. 

James Dennis* efqui^e, a baron 

of the^excheqQef m Ireland, in the 

room of baxoA Moantneyy de- 

ceafed. 

John Potts» e{q aire, judge of the^ 

vice admiralty court at Quebec. 

r u Rifht honourable 

Jane 1 4th. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ p^^^ 

mafter of the forqes. 

James GrenvUle and Ifaac Barre* 
«fq aires, and lord Clare, joint viqe- 
treaforers, &c. of Ireland. 

James Nugent, efouire, 
of Donore, in Ireland, and 
Edward Lofcus, and John Freke* 
cfquires* aod their heirs male, the 
dignity of barons of that king* 
don. 

Reverend Joseph Peane Bourke, 
M* A. to the deanery of Killaloe, 
Mr. James Dixon, to the deanery 
of Downe, and Mr. Robert Bligb* 
to thedeanrry of Elphin, all in the 
kingdom of Ireland. 

. Lord Caihcart, and (ir 

^ • Jofeph Yorke, privy coan- 
fcllors* 

w I J Rev, John Thonu'', 
July Id. j_^L. p. to the deanety of 

Weftminllcr, in the room of the 
bi(hop of Rocheftcr, who refigned. 

Dudley A^f xandtr Sidney Cofby, 
efquire, and hi^ heirs male, the 
dignity oflord Sidney of LeiA,and 
baron of Stradbally, in the king- 
dom of Ireland. • 

Abraham Crcighton rfq. and his 
hci:s male, the digiiTcy of baron 
Erne of Crum-calUc, in the county 
of Fermanagh in Ireland, and Joho 
Eyie, efq. and his heirs mak, the 



dignity, of baron Eyre of Eyre- 
court, in the county of Gal way, ia 
the faid kingdom. 

■ SOama J^nyns^ Edw:^rd ^ , 
ElUot, George Rice, John ^^^^' 
Robert?, Jeremiah Dyfon, Williana 
Fitzhcrbert, together with Thomas 
Rohinfoo, eiquires, to be commif- 
iioners for trade and plantations r 
and Wills earl of Hilllborough, 
one of the principal fecretaries of 
ftate, duly to attend the meetings of 
the faid commiflioners. 

Richard Phelphs,erquire, provoft 
marlhal of the leeward iflonds. 
_ Henry Eccles, efq. attorney-ge- 
neral of'^Barbadoes. 

John Chrillopher Roberts, efq. 
fecretary of the province of Que-* 
bee. 

William Moore, efquire, iblici^ 
tor-general of the iiland of Barba* 
does. 

Edward vifcountKing- . 
fion, and his heirs male, °^' 
the dignity of an earl of the king- 
dom ot Irelaiid, by the title of earl 
of Kingfton in the county of Rof- 
common. 

John lord Mountcag'c, and his 
heirs male, th^ dignity of vilcount 
WeRport of the county of Mayo; 
and Raiph lord Gore, and his heij$ 
male, the dignity of vifc unt bel- 
leifle, of Beileifle, in the county of 
Fermanagh; both of the faid king- 
dom. 

Honourable and right re- • 
ver nd dotflor Frederick **^"* 
Coravi allis, bilhop of Litcliheld and 
L-oventry, to tne archbilhoprick of 
Canterbury, in the room of the late 
dodor Seeker. 

Norborne lord Botte- , 

tourt, governor of Virgi- * ^ 
nia, in the room of General Am- 
herlL 

Charles 



412] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 

Charles Pricey c(<{uije, and hia 
heirs male, the dignity of a baro- 



net. 

«orfi Honourable Robert Wal- 
^ pole, fecreury of the extra- 

ordinary embafly to the moil chrif- 
tian kine. 

John Marib, efqaire> confnl at 
MaUga. 

Scot 17 ^^^Z^ Mercer, efq. 
^P • »/• lieutenant governor of 
North Carolina. 

Sth Siroon Luttrell, of Lut- 
' trcllftown, in the county of 

Dublin, efqnire, and his heirs male, 
the dignity of a baron of the king- 
dom of Ireland, by the'title of ba- 
ron Imham, of Luttrellilownafore- 
faid. 

Duke of Bedford, chancellor of 
the nniverfiiy of Dublim 

Oaob. ift. William Lynch, efq. 
envoy extraordinary to 
the king of Sardinia. 
^r The Biftiop of Briftol, to 

^^' the deanery of St. Paul's, in 
the room of the archbilhop of Can- 
terbury 

• The archbiihop of Canter- 
' " bury, a privy counfellor. 
. Doftor Egcrton, bifliop of 

^ * Baneor, to the biihoprick 
of Litchiiela and Coventry, in the 
room of the archbifhop of Canter- 
Wry. 

2ift ^^^ Weymouth, fccretary 
* of flate for the fouthern depart- 
ment, in the room of the carl of 
Siielhurne, who has refigned. 

The carl of Rochfora, fecrctary 
of Hate for the northern, in the 
room of lord Weymouth. 
M^v -. George William carl of 
^^^- *• Briftol, lord ket per of the 
privy feal, in the room of the earl 
of Chatham. 

^ t Lord vifcount Stormont, a 
^'''•knight of the thiiUc. 



Charles Whitworth, efqniret anl 
his heirs male, the dignity of a ba^ 
ronet. 

DoAor John Ewer, bx- •^^ 
Jhop of LlandaS; to the *^*^ 3*" 
bifhoprick of Bangor, in the room 
of do^^or Egerton, tranilated to 
Litchfield andCoventry. 

The duke of Grafton, j^^ 
chancellor of the tiniver- "^^' ^ 
fity of Cambridge, in the room of 
^the duke of Newcaftle. 

Duke of Marlborough, a m^fU 
knight of the garter. 

Uilbert Laurie, efquire, . 

a commiflxoner of the excife ' 
. in Scotland. 

Earl of Delawar, chamberlain to 
>the queen. 

Puke of Beaufort, raaAer of 
horfe, in the room of lord I>eU- 
war. 

His grace Henry Fiennea ,^.. 
Pelham Clinton, duke of ^^^ 
Newcaftle, a privy counfellor ; 'ord 
lieutenant and culloe rotatonun of 
the county of Nottingham, and of 
the town and county of the town of 
Nottingham; alfo fteward, keeper, 
Sfc. of the foreft of Sherwood* 
and park of Folewoed, intheiai4 
county. 

Robert Murray Keith, .-^ 
efquire, envoy exuaordina- *7^^ 
ry to the court of Drefden. 

Jonathan Sewall, judga of the 
court of vice-admiralty at Hali- 
fax. 

Jonathan Deladey, efquire, com- 
miifary general of Virginia. 

Jeremiah Dyfon, efquire, - 
a lord of he treafurv. ^ 

Lord vifcount Limnme, a lord of 
trade and pijitations. 

Robert Auchmnty, efquire, judge 
of the vice-admiralty court of 
Bofton. 

Jared 



C HkO N I C LE. 



t*»i 



tired IngerTcU^fqaire, at Phila- 
defphui> and Aaguftine Johnfoiiy 
cfquire^ at Charlelown. 



DEATHS, 1768. 

Lately, the honourabk colonel fir 
John St. Clair, baronet, at Eliaa- 
beth town» New York. 
I The kononrable fir Wil- 

J*"*'* Ham Rowley, knight of the 
batk> and admiral and commander 
b chief of hb Majefty's fleet. 

Lord Mount Florence, of the 
kingdom of Ireland, at Bath. 

Mr. Jacob Henriques, the cele- 
brated projeftor, at the Hague, in 
the 8^n year of his age. 

Lady Stewarta Shirley, a maiden 
lady, aunt to earl Ferrers, at Bath. 
^^ Sir Hungerford Hofkyns, 
' baronet, at Harwood, in the 
county of Hereford, 
loth. DoAor William Bernard, 
lord bilhop of Londonderry, 
in Ireland, in Queen-ftreet, Weft- 
minfter, aged 72. 

Captain Thomas Saumarez, who 
fiuled round the world with lord 
Anfon« 

1 2th Sir Henry Frankland, ba- 
ronet. 

John Philip, archbifhop and elec- 
tor of Triers, defcended from the 
illnftrious houfe of the counts of 
Walderfdoff, in the 68th year of 
his age. 

18th ^^ Samuel Fludyer, ba- 
ronet, alderman of Cheap- 
ward, member for Chippenham, 
and deputy governor of the bank 
of England. 

j^ Sir Waller Wa^ftaffe 

Bagot, baronet, at Blith- 
Ud, in Staffbrdfhire t many years 
kftight of the (hire for that county, 
^dmember in the prefent parlia- 



ment for the univerfity of Ox« 
ford. 

The honourable George • 
KdwardPakenham,atPcck. ^"*' 
ham in Surrey, brother to the late, 
and uncle to the prefent lord Long- 
ford. 

Madam Frances Grimini, at Ve- 
nice, aged 19; (he was confort to 
the eideil fon of the reigning duke* 
and a moft amiable young lady. 
By (landing in her chamber with 
her back -to the fire, her cloaths 
catched the flames, and (he was 
mortally fcorched before they could 
be extingui(hed. She langui(hed 
twelve days, and died in great ago- 
nies. 

Relift of fir John Haliburton, 
baronet. 

Anthony Trivulzi, prince of the 
empire, grandee of Spain, and ge- 
neral of cavalry, at Milan. 

Duke of Medina Celi^ at Ma- 
drid. 

Her Serene highnefs Sophia Hen- 
rietta, princefs of Schlefwic, Hol- 
ftein-Beck, &c. 

Sir Henry Sinclair, baronet, at 
Leith. 

Sir Robert Rich, ba- p 1 
ronet, field mar(hal of ^**'' '' 
his Majcfty's forces, colonel of the 
4th regiment of dragoons, and 

fpvernorof Chelfca-hoTpital, Lon- 
onderry, and Culmore fort, in 
Ireland. 

The reverend and learned doc- 
tor Smith, at Cambridge, in the 
79th year of his age, S. T. P. 
F. R. S. and mailer of Trinity 
college in that univerfity. By his 
will he has left the interefl of 
2,oool. for the annual repairs of 
his college; 2,500]. to the uni- 
verfity, the iniercft of half which 
fum he has given to the augmeh- 
• tation of the Expend of the FIu- 

mian 



214] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



mUn profcfTorfhip, and the ^ther 
half to be divided between tl\e 
mathematical and philofophical 
fcholars^ that annually take the 
degree of bachelor of arts. The 
mallerfhip, which is worth 200ol« 
per annum, is in the gift of the 
king., 

1 Right honourable lord vif- 
^ * count Kilmorey, in Ireland. 

Right honourable lord Kilmaurs, 
eldefl fon of tlie earl of Glencairn, 
at Coventry, where he lately joined 
Kis regiment. 

Sir William Halford, at Weilon, 
in Lelccilcrfhiie. 

Her grace the duchefs dowager 
of Soraerfet, at Maiden Bradley, 
in Wilts. 

f At his houfe in Great 

*7^"- RafTcl-ftreet, Bloomlbury, 
the right honourable Arthur On- 
flow, efquire, one of his Majcfty's 
moft honourable privy -council, 
and fpeaker of the houfe of com- 
it)fim for upwards of 33 years.— 
He was chofen fpeaker of the houfe 
of commons in 1727, being the 
firft year of 'his late Majelly king 
George II. which important poll 
he filled, with great honour, during 
that long reign, and the firft of the 
prefent. 

/» Lord Sherrard, only fon 
to the carl of Harborough. 

1 Sir Harry Houghton, ba- 

^ ' ronet, at his feat in Lanca- 
ihire, aged 90. 

Sir Jocelyn Price, at his feat near 
Alnwick, in Northumberland, for- 
merly his Majefly's ^mbaflador at 
the court of Naples. 

The right horourablc lord 
George Rcay, at Koicbank, near 
Edinburgh. 

The carl of Balcarras, in Scot* 
land. 



Lady Kemp, rchCt af Sir Joha 
Kemp, bart. at Lower Tooting. 

The rigjit hon. lady Ann Mar> 
ray, wife of John Murray, M. D, 
and -daughter of the ri^ht hon. 
George earl of Cromartie, deceafed, 
at Charles-town, South Carolina. 
Her ladyfhip was £rft married to 
the honourable Edward Atkia, 
efquire, fuperintendant of Indian 
affairs in the fouthern diflrid of 
America, and prefident of Ms Ma- 
jefly's council in that province* 
who died in 1761. 

Udy Catherine We- ^ ^^ 
myfs, lady of lieutenant ^*«^ '• 
governor John Wemyfs, at Edin- 
burgh caille. 

Sir John ]L»ambert Middle- j 
ton, baronet, of Balfay caftle 
in Northumberland. 

The princeis Carolina Loaifa 
f'rederica, only daughter of the 
reigning prince of Anhalt Cothen, 
of the imall-pox. 

Honourable Mifs Wortlcy t 
Montague, daughter to lord ^ • 
Ruthvcn. 

Sir Andrew Chadwicke, ^.t 
knight, the oldeft of the '^"*' 
band of gentlemen penfionerf. 

The right honourable fir , 

Compton Domville, baro- " 
net, in Dublin, one of his Majef- 
ty's moil honourable privy council 
in that kingdom, knight of the 
/hire for the county of Dublin, 
and clerk of the crown and hana- 
per. 

At his feat near Pocklington in 
Yorkihire, fir John Pennington* 
\}aronet 

Honourable Henry Archer, efqi 
brother to lord Archer. 

Lady dowager Frances 
Lyttleion, at Pipcrider in 
Stafibrdflure. 

5 ill. The 



25 th. 



CHRONICLE. 



Ei«5 



3'*^ WUUaitts/bironet, vicar of 
IflingtOQ. 

A «i ^ ^^'^ Robert Hidrt> ba* 
Apru 7- y^^ j^ Ue^el Hemp. 

Sir Charles Innes, of Balvenie> 
barornee. 

otli '^^^ konourable Rowland 
^ ' Belkifyfe, efquire, brother t» 
the earl of Falconberg. 

Mifs Aaiie DowdeTwell, daughter 
of the right honourable William 
DowdefwelU efqaire. 

Richard Mmintneyy efquire. One 
ef the barons of the exchequer in 
Irelattd. 

Rclid of Robert Elwes, efquira, 
of Chiftvick. She htis lef\ i,20ol. 
to the foeiety for p/ogating the 
gofpcl ; 200I. to the fons of the 
clergy ; tod, to the charity fchool 
at Chiiwick, and tool, to the poor 
of that parifh, with other charitable 
kgaciei. 

i5ih ^^^ William Pennyman, 
baronet, in Yorkihire. 
Sir John Riddell, baronetj at 
Hampllead. 

1 8th ^^^ ^*^y °^ ^^^ J^**^ 
* Caldcr, baronet. 

Earlof Lanelborough, in Ireland, 

1 Countefsdow'agcrofHad- 
^ * dington. 

The countefs of Rofs, 

Right honourable lady Riverfton ; 
both of the kingdom of Ireland. 

.1^ Honourable mifs Vemey, 
^^^°* daughter df lord Willoogh- 
by de Broke. 

toth. ^^^ ^S^^ honourable 
^ lady Margaret Ingham, wife 

of the reverend Mr. Ingham, of 
Abberfard, Yorkfhire, and one of 
the daughters of Theophilns.carl of 
HontingdoR^ grandfather of the 
prefent ca»l. 



ne 



The reverend doftorDe- j^ 
lany, dean of Down, in the " ^' 
kingdom of Irels^nd, in the 83d 
year of his age. 

The reverend doAor Bland, Ift 
the 83d year of his age, at the 
college ol Durham,'' the oldeft pre- 
bendary in that cathedral, and rec*- 
tor of Bi(hop - Wearmouth aiHi 
Waftington, both in th^ county of. 
Durham. He was inftalled in May 
1728, and is faid to have died worth 
8o,oool, His large fortune de^ 
volves to his three fifters. 

Honoarable lieutenant-ge- . ^ 

ral James Stuart, coloi)el ^ 
of the fevcnth regiment of foot, 
and fon of James, late earl of Gal- 
loway. 

Lord George Beauclerlc, , 
lieutenant-general of his 
Majcfty's forces, colonel of the 19th 
regiment of foot, and member in 
the prefent parliament for Windfor, 
in Berks. 

Of a decline* in the 20th , 
year of her age, her royal ^^ 
highnefs princefsLouifaAnne, filler 
to the king, and 3d daughter of 
the Jate prince of Wales. 

Sir Samuel Duckin£eldy ,^ • 
baronet. *5th. 

The lady of fir Harry St. , 
John, of Dagnersfield. ^^^^ 

The right honourable ^ , 
the earl of Dalkeith, in *^^'*- 
Upper Brook - ftreet, Grofvenor- 
fquare, the only fon of his grace 
the duke of Buccleugh, who was a 
few days ago inoculated for the 
fmall-pox. 

The lady of the honourable 
Charles Howard, efquire, only fon 
of the honourable Charles Howard, 
efquire, ofGravIlock, in Cumber- 
land, In childbed ; the child is 
Hkewlfc dead. 

The 



2i6] ANNUAL REGISTER. 1768. 



The honourable Mrs. Cadogan* 
at the feat of lord Cadogan, at 
Cayeriham^ near Reading, lady of 
the honourable Mr. Caaogan» his 
lordfhip's fon^ and iifter to lord 
Mountfort. • 

Lady France! Waldegravc, fc- 
cond daughter of Lord Walde- 
grave. 

« .L .Right honourable Harry 
^9^ earl of Stamford. His lord- 
ihip married lady Mary Booth, only 
^ughter of George, earl of War- 
rington ; and is fucceeded bv his el- 
ded fon George Harry lord Grey» 
member for Staffbrdihtre. 

Mifs Charlotte Lowth, daughter 
to the bifliop of Oxford. 
• , Her grace Elizabeths 

June 4th. aochcfsdowager of Dor- 

fet. She was married to his grace 
Lionel, late duke of Dorfet^ in 
January 170S-9, and has left iiTue, 
living, Charles, now duke of Dor- 
fet, who married the daughter and 
fole heir of Richard Boyle, vifcnunt 
Shannon, of Ireland, who died 
May 10, 1763 ; and lord George 
Sacicville, born Jan. 26, 1715-fD, 
member for Eall-Griniled, and a 
privy counfellor ; who by his lady, 
Diana, fecond daughter and coheir 
of John Sambroke, efquire, has 
three daughters, Diana, Elizabeth* 
and CaroTinei and a fon born in 
Auguft 1767: alfo a daughter, 
Caroline, lady Milton. Her grace 
has likevuife living a grandfon* 
John, member of parliament for 
the county of Kent, and a grand- 
daughter, the children of the late 
lord John Philip. 

cth George Cooke, efquire, one 
^ of the knitrhtf of the (hire 
for the county of Middlefex, joint 
pay-mafter of his Majclly's forces, 
chief prothonotary of the common 



glets, and colonel of the Wefters 
attalion of the Middlefex iliiUtia. 

The right honourable Udy • 
Bathnrft, aged 80, at krd Ba- ^' 
thuriPs home in Si. James Viqnare; 
(he had been married to his lordihip 
about 60 years. 

Dame Martha Dmry, lady of 
the late fir Thomas Drtiry, baro- 
net, of Overdone near Northamp- 
ton, and filler of the late fir John 
Tyrell, baronet. It is fiud her 
ladyfhip has left to her danghterv 
the countefs of Buckinghamihirtf 
i2o,oool. and has likewife left a 
legacy of 500I. and an annuity 
for life of 50I. a year to her honfe* 
keeper. 

Lady Amelia Waldegrave, 
daughter of the earl of Walde* 
grave, at Naveftock, in £fleXf 
being the fecond of his danghten 
who nave died within a fortnight 
paH. 

The honourable John Conk 
wallis, uncle to the prefent carl 
Cornwallis. 

The honourable Thomas .,^1, 
Arundell, uncle to lord A- , 
rundcll. 

Her ferene highnefs, Maria 
Chridina, fourth daughter to the 
king of Sardinia. 

Honourable Robert Lane, ^^ 
only fon of lord Bingley. 

At Verlailles, about ten ^ 
o'clock at niehr, her mod ^ 
chridian Majedy ; die was daughter 
to the late Stanidans king of Po* 
land, bom June 23, 1703. Her 
Majedv has left iune, Elizabeth 
ducheis dowager of Parma, prin- 
cefs Adelaide, princefs Vidoria, 
and two other princefles. 

Kight honourable lady , . j^ 
Hinchinbroke ; die was •' ' 
daughter to .the earl of Halifax. 

Lady 



t Fl II t) ^ I e L E. [2x7 

tith ^if Goritig, aged ncao- Tlic prince' of Heffe Darm- . 

ibo jreits : (he was mother fttdt, prince bi(hop of Augf- ***** 

te thft pr^feiit fir Charles G^ing, boorg. By this event, prince Qc- 

Hektta, prtncefs bf Godrtenay nient of Saxony, archbiihop of 

(vidoir of Lottii Bemjfncf dh Beatt'- Treves, who v^as coadjutor toihede* 

fi^n^Ht, kntglrt of thcf Golde^ ceaftd, obtains a third bifhoprick. 

Fte?c6), ftothcr 6f tirt prince dt The lady of fir Edward Swin: 

Bea&fir^iiiom 1^ de Lttenois, aged borne. 

70; JR Ptrb, She is the laft of the Right hon. lady Aberga- • 

Artrfandbnmch of fhcinufbioui venny. . ^9»n- 

litnife of Cott^tenay, in France. ^ AtSkibo.inSatherland, the right 

Ki^t hon. tfit earl of Dtfmfries hoh. Ericic Sutherland, commonly 

«ii*Ski^. eallcd-tordDaffus. Kennech, third 

Prince William Hci^-y de Naf- lord Dnffus, fucceeded his father 

faaUfiBg«eSaarb'n]g^,in the (ift James, the fecond lord, in 1705; 

year of his age. He married S6- and beitig engag^ in the rebel- 

»kiJ GlfHHna, (iibttntefs ofErbach. lion in 1715, he made his efcape, 

by whom he has left a i^rince and and was atuinted by ad of parlia- 

two priiicefles. ment ; afcer which he was taken at 

Aoa a TK^ thoft i^. 'f homas Hamburgh, brought to Lotidon* 

•• • SeclcA*, LL. D. lord abp.. and conimitted prifoner to the 

of Canterbury, in the 75th year of Tower in I7i6 ; but the next yeali 

hit ^t: btfin^ releaied by the a^ of grace. 

Riffht hod. lady dowa^ Har- he wuhdrew into foreign parts, and 

fty, mother of the eari of Briilol. fbrved as a flag officer in the Mof* 

totk The itig<?nioas Dr. Joha cbvite fleet. He married Char- 

Htixham^ of Plytnooth. His lottc, daughter of Erick de Sio- 

m^ificfll^ wbrk^ do hbnour to* his blade, governor and admiral of 

une and coohtry. Oottenburg in Sweden, by whom 

11th' ^^^ Collinfon, efq. (tU he had ^ Ton Erick* aboFemention* 

low of the royal focicty at cd, who married mrift Dunbar, 

antiquaries, in the 7Xth yearof hii daughter of fir James Dunbar, of 

age; he was a gentleman of a moft Hemprigs, bart. by whom he has 

extenfiTecorfefpoifidencei hall parti two fbns and three daughters; 

^theglobe^aira ftmoftdeTulmtm- James, Axley, Elizabeth, Charlotte^ 

oer of ibdety. ahd Anne. 

j.^ Iiithe33dyearofheragfc, Algernon Sidney, cf^. ^^ 

^^* themofthon. Margaret, lady' fbnof the late William ^^v, 

fliafthioneft of Caernarvon.— Her* Perry, efq. by the hon. EI12. Sid* 

kdyfhivwtts dslngh^erahd Mt h^i- nev, meee and coheir of Jocelitfe 

tO ofjohn Nkol, ofMinchetiden- Sidney, carl of Lelc^fter. 

koofe, efij^ l^ Margaret, daughter Lady Frances Crofl>ie» fiftcr 

^TB^njamin Took, efq. of London ; to- the earl of Momington* ' * ^ 

ibe was married' on the aad of liidy Ann Talbot, daaghter of 

Mitlh, f^^,ahddi€d without iflue. ^Thomas eart Fauconberg. 

jjjiV T^^ '*^' ^' Spence, pre- At Grimfthofp^ in tin- . 

^^ bfendary of Dotham, and colnfliire, aged 59^ lord Vere '^"* 

g^cflbr of Modem Hiftory in Cht* ftertie, elidt (on of the ihoft nob!^ 

M. Robert the firft dnke of AncaHer 

Vol. XI. IP) aa4 



2i8] AN^fUAL REGISTER, 176S. 

and Keftevcn, by his fecond wife 
. Albinia, daughter of the late gene- 
ral f arrington. 
J. . Sir George Trcvelyan,bart. 
' at his feat at Ncttlecomb, in 

Somcrfetfhirc, brother-in-law to fir 
Walter Blacker, bart. 

Phillippes-Jures-Fran90is Maza* 
riniy duke de Nivernois and de 
Douziois, peer of France, grandee 
of Spain of the firft clafs, prince of 
the holy empire, noble Venetian, 
Roman baron, governor and lieu- 
tenant-general for the French king 
of the. laid provinces of Nivernois 
imd Douziois, &c. at ?^ris, aged 



92. 

' • Sir Thomas Worfeley, bart. 
*^ atPilewell, inHampftiirc. 
^^ , ' Lady of fir Robert 
«««l»- '• Ladbrokc. 

, The right hon. the earl of 

* • Morton/oneof the fixtecn 
peers of Scotland, and prefident of 
the royal fociety. liis lordihip's 
body was opened, at his houfe at 
Chilvick, in Middlcfex, in the 
prefence of fir John Princle, bart. 
M. D. Dr. Warren, and feveral 
other phyficiani and furgeons, when 
it was difcovered that the diforder 
of which he died was an ulcer in 
his flomach, which affli^ed his lord- 
ibip for many years before his 
death. 

, The hon. John Maitland, 

^^ Ton to earl Lauderdale. 

;, Sir Mark Stuart Pjeydell,. 

H^"* bart. aged 75. He was one 
of the Exchequer annuitants on 
furvivorihip eilablifhed in 1693. 
The original number of nominees 
was xoi3> who»for tool, fubfcribed 
by each, had the iirft year lol. 
with benefit of furvivorftiip; of 
thefe, 9S2 are now dead, fo that 31 
only arc furviving, who received 
fpr the Ua half-year ml. is. 8d.* 



each. The fundi which u700oL 
per ann^ is to be divided the laft 
year among the four furvivors, and 
then to ceafe. Sir Mark married, 
in 1723, Mary, daughter and heir* 
efs of Robert Stewart, of A(cog, in 
Bute, efq. by whom he had an'^nly 
daughter, Harriet, married in 174S 
to the prefent earl of Radnor ; dv; 
Ing in 1750, (he left one fon,^ 
right hon. Jacob Pleydell fioave- 
ric, commonly called Vifcoont 
f'dkefione, now heir to his grand* 
father. , 

At Darmfbidt, in the 7Sth • 

year of hb age, Louis the '^* 

8th, the reigninff landgrave of 

Hefie-Darmdadt, neld-mar(bal-gc- 

neral of the Imperial troojpt. 

Right hon. Thomas lord Archer, 
baron of Umberladc, and recorder 
of Coventry. 

The hon. colonel Robert -v 
Brudenell, of a fever, at, ^ 
Windfor, vice-chamberlain to her 
majefty , fecond brother to his grace 
the duke of Montague, colonel of 
the 4th regiment of foot, and lieu- 
tenant governor of Windfor caftle. 

Lady Gerrard, wife of fir 0|i, 
Thomas Gerrard, of Bryn« 
in Laxicalhire, bart. 

To the inexpreflible |^ • 
grief of her friends, and 
mod univerfally lamented, at lif- 
bon, where ihe went for the recove- 
ry of her health, the moft hon. the 
marchionefsofTaviAock. The fate 
of this amiable lady, who fell a vic- 
tim to grief and conjugal affedioo, 
will long be remembered with re- 
gret. She was fifter to the prefent 
earl of Albemarle,' and married on 
June 7, 1764, to Francis late mar- 
quis of Tavi(lock,by whojii ihe hat 
left iflne, three fons. 

Sir John Hoiklns Eyles Stila# 
bart. 

Sit 



AP?EiJt>lX to the CttROlsnCLE. [219 



Sir John lones, bart. 

Anthony Warwick^ efa. aged 97. 
He commanded under nr George 
Byng when the Spanifli fleet was 
deftroyedin 1720. 
6th. Sir Matthew Lamb, bart. 

Lady Dorothea Primrofe> annt 
to carl Rofebury. 
^. In the 76th year of his age, 
'^* Thomas dake of Newcaftlc. 

Sir Edward Simeon, pf firitwell, 
OxfordQiire, in the 87th year of his 
age, 

' g^. Hon. coL Sandys, fecond 
fon of lord Sandys. 

Right hon. lord Arundell, baron 
ofTrcrice. 

^^ Sir Francis Gofliog, knt. 
^^* an eminent banker in Flect- 
Breet, and alderman of the ward of 
Farringdon without. 



. Sir Paul O'Brien, bart. at lilbon. 
. ^ir Francis Head> bah. at ^ 
Hermitage in Kent. ^' 

. Sir John Playtcrs, bart. -p. 
in the 88th year of hii ^^- "' 
age. 

Lord vifcoiintDanboyne» , . 
of the kingdom of Ireland. ^^^^' 

At his hoafe in Clifford- , 
ftreet, Burlington-gardens, ^ * 
Dr. Charles Lyttelton, bilhop of 
Carliile, brother /of lord Lyttelton, 
prefident of the antiquarian ibciety, 
and tcUow of the royal fociety. His 
lordfhip left his moil valuable booka 
and MSS. to the hon. fociety of an* 
tiquaries; and the principal .bulk 
ofhis fortune to Thomas Pitt, of 
Boconnic, in Cornwall, efq. his 
lordlhip's nephew. 



A P P E N D I X 



T O 



THE CHRONICLE/ 



Thi LORDS PROTEST. 

DieLumr, % Feb. 1768. 

thiit y Hfke leha ifi ^/7/a-^nti« 
tttled. An ad for further regu- 
lating the proceedings of the 
united company of merchants 
of England trading to the Eaft- 
Indies, with refped to the mak- 
ing of dividends. The quedion 
was Dut, whether the diid bill 
iball pafs ; it was refolved in the 
affirmative. 
Dtfentiint. 

ift^DEcAUsi thisbiUis an cxtr* 
tion of the fnpreme powet 

of parliament^ equally Qaneceflary 



and dangerous, after having had 
the moil mortifying experience of 
the operation of » like reftriflioti 
laft year, which increafed the ytty 
mifckief it was intended to reme* 
dy, at a time when the circam«r 
ftances of the company are clear 
beyond a doubt, and their opu- 
lence verified beyond the moft 
fansuine expectation : no fuppCjfed 
milcondufi of the company calling 
for the interpoiition of parliament : 
no raih and exceflive dividends de- 
clared ; no increafe of dividends 
even de^ed ; on the ^ contrary^ 
the company hat retrained itfelf 
[P] a on 



ANNUAL REGISTER., 1768 



110] 

on principles much more rational 
Chan thdfe adopted by the bi!!, as 
they hare a reference to their cir- 
cumftanceSf and niot to a fi^^ pe^ 
r^od of time, marked by an aln>i- 
trary refolutiori. We cannot there- 
fore avoid coniidering thist^iH a^ a 
mere aft df power, without a cofour 
of delinquency on tHfe ^rt of th^ 
company, or of neceflity on the part 
of the public. ■" - ^ 

' adly, Becauie it appears to uf. 
that'this bill is an hi^H' violation 
of the national faith, uilclng a way; 
%^ithout any jodiciir^roiJeft,' or 
e¥eii' any criminal chittge, that 
jJOwcr 6f ded'artng di videna9,'which 
^e company purthkfed ff6m thi 
phblrc for a yalttabfecORiideration^. 
^ -'^dlyi Eecaufe it appears to ui 
altogether unacccfantable tb ^a(^ 
in one year an ad for regulating 
Jhe mooes and condiiions^of dc^ 
clanng dividends by the company ; 
and in the vefy next yeit to pro- 
hibit the exefcife Af thofc vfeiy 
powers fo regulated: this aft is 
now in full force ; no defeft in it 
has been ilated; no amendment 
has beenrpropofed^ no inir^iftion 
has been pretcWed.* This Uw, 
made exprefsly to regulate the me- 
diod of declaring dividends,' does 
of ncceffity imply the exercife of 
thja right under the conditions 
therein prefcribed, which cannot 
be taken from the £. L company, 
without the moft iignal difgrace to 
the wiAlom and good faith of th^ 
legiflature, and the fabverfion of 
every principle of tegil govern- 
ment. 

4thly, Becanfe it appears to usj 
that to reftrain the fobjeft in thtf 
difpofition of hb own property, 
without any other pretenae than 
tkf mere foJ/fbiUty of abufa (thift 



bin having been chicSy defended 
upop that ground), is a principle 
unheard or in -any free country^ 
and mOft alarming to atl the trad- 
ing and monied interefts. of thit 
kinedom : it goes to the fubjefting 
to tne fame reilraint, on the fanxt 
loofereafons, every great company, 
as well as every public or pnvl\e 
il^ock, which' m^y become of mif - 
nitudefufficient to tempt, in ^tore 
times, an impoveriihed trcafurr 
and a rapacious adminifhration, 
fmce no degree of innocence' can 
be a fecurity aeainlV fnch (nfptcioa 
of a jpoflible mud ; and fuch a 
ftriplcndn miy be made \ ground 
for, continuing an arl^trary re^ 
llraint, aritij the fubjeft fliall. ton- 
fen t to rat^om his property on fuch 
tiirms as^ ihall 1)c prefcribed to 
him. 

Sthly, Becaufe this aanaaL xe- 
fh-aint tends to eftablifh a perpe- 
tukl hiterpbCtioQ* of parliament, 
in^ decfarinjf- dividends for this 
company, and indeed all compi^ 
ilies whatfoeveti to the increafe of 
that moft dacger0|us and infomoas 
partof ftod^-jobbing which. is car- 
ried'on byclandeftiae ihteUigence» 
and to the yefting it in the worft 
of all hands, thoie of admiuillra- 
tion ; for a minifter, who ihaU 
hereafter acquire inparliament (by 
whatever m^ans) fufficient influ- 
ence fbr the purpofe, may, by Kit 
power of increafing, dHniniflun^, 
or withholding dividends at his 
pleafure^ haVe aU the ftock-holden 
in thefe companies (a body ex- 
tremely confide'rable for we^tlthand 
' numbers) entirely at his mcrcy^and 
probably at his difpofal, to the infi*^ 
nite increafe of the already over- 
grown, and almoft irreiiMble influ* 
enceof tM4r<)Wn. 

6thJyi 



APPENDIX to tfie CHRONltciLE. [zli 



6Mf, Becaafe we apprehend^ 
ikzt this unprecedented praflice 
of declaring dividends in parlia- 
Bient may become a more alarm- 
ing mode of undue influence on the 
members themfelves, than any of 
thofe which have hitherto fo fire- 
qaently excited the jealoufy of the 
legiilature» fince it furnifhes a 
fond of corruption far greater 
than any hithertp known ; a fund 
in its nature inexhauftible* of the 
greater fiicility in the application* 
and quite out of the reach of all 
difcovery and proftcution. We 
think the principle of this bill the 
firft ftep towards the introdudion 
offijch a new fy Hem of corruption ; 
and have therefore refitted it, left 
the conftitution (hould become to« 
tall^ perverted from the ends /or 
which it was originally eftabliih- 
ed, and he no longer venerated by 
this nation, as giving fecurity to 
liberty and property, and protec- 
tion to the fuDJedt from all violence 
tad injuftice on the part of govern- 
ment. 
Richmond, Temple, 

Kin^, Fred. Exon, 

Poruand, Winchelfea and 

Rockingham, Nottingham, 

Monfon, Dartmouth, 

Lyttelton, Ponfonby. 

The Speicb of the Speaker of the Hoitfe 
rf Commons t nvAem he refrimamfeJ 
Philip Ward, iate mayor of the 
thj of Oxford ; John Treacher, 
^ir Thomas Munday, Thomas 
Wife, John Nicholes, John Phi- 
lips, llaac Lawrence, Richard 
Tawney, all of the faid city ; 
Tho. Robittfon and John BiOwn, 
late hatUfft of the /aid city \ Mfon 
shtrr kmeit at the oar of the faid 
hoMje, ufoB Wednefday the tenth 
deey of FebruaKy, 1 768, 



Philip War(J, John Treacher,, ^^ir 
Thomas Muaday, Thomas Wif^ 
John NJcKoIes, John .Philips, 
Ifaac Lawrence, Richard, Taw« 
ney, Thomas Robinfon, John 

T Brown, , . ' 

HE offence^of whiph you bav^ 
been guilty, has jullly brought 
you under the fevere difpleai^rr 
of this houfe. A more, enormous 
crime you could not well comQ)itf 
fince a d^per Abound C0uld not bie 

fi ven to the corLfUtution,itfelf, tl^ 
y the open and dangerous attempc 
which you have made to f^bvert th^ 
freedom and independence, 0/ this 
^oufe. 

The freedom of this iioufe is th^ 
fireedom of this country, wivch can 
continue no longer, than while the 
voices of the eleAors are oninflo- 
enced by any, bafe or venal JUP- 
tive. For if aoilities and integrity 
are no recommendation to the elef •- 
tors ; if thofe who bid hi^heft {^f 
their voices are to obtain tlm^i 
from fuch deteftable coi^deratioi^ 
this houfe will not be the repr%- 
fentatives of the' people of Grea^ 
Britain. Inftead or bein^ jthe 
guardians and pgrote^ors pf their 
liberties, infte^ of redrefling th^e 

frievances of the. fubje^, this 
oufe itfelf will be author of the 
worfl of grievances r they-.wUl bc- 
cpme the venal ipilruraents of 
power to reduce this happy na- 
tion, ]\i^xriyy and admiratioa of 
the worldly, to the loweil . ilate of 
mifery a^nd ferv\tudcu This \% the 
abjeA condition .to which you,h4ve 
attempted to bring -your fellow- 
fubje^ 

Many ctrcumllaocet concpr tp 
aggravate your offence. The pkcje 
o? your refidepce w^iB a fuigular 
advanc^gf . ,Vou 1^4 at af| ;iqi0s 
the example of one of the mod 
[P] 3 learned 



♦ta] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



learned tnd refpeAable bodies in 
Europe before your eyes. Their 
conduft in every inftance, but efpe- 
cialjy in the choice of their repre- 
fe^iutives in parliament, was well 
worthy your imitation. 

You are magiftrates of a great 
city. In fttch a ftation» it was a 
duty peculiarly incumbent upon 
you to watch over the morals of 
your fellow citizens ; to keep your- 
felves pure from venality ; and to 
prevent, by your influence, thofe 
tinder vour government fro|n beSjig 
Caintea by this growing and pefti- 
lential vice. How have you abufed 
this truft! Yon yonrfelves have fet 
the infamous example of proditn- 
tion, in the moft pnolic apd daring 
manner. 

Purely yon mnft hav^ felt fome 
remorfe from the generous difdain 
with which your corrupt offer was 
rejcfled by your reprrfentatives. 
They thought, and judly thought, 
that a feat in this honfe, obtained 
by a free and independent choice of 
their coniBtuents, was the higheft 
honour to which a fubje£lcan afpirei 
and thi^tdifchar^ing their duty, as 
* fuch reprefentatxves, was the nobleil 
of fervices. Sorry I am to fay, that 
thefe confiderations do not appear 
to have had the leaft weight with 
you. 

' However, yon have at lad ac- 
Icnowledged your guilt ; and» by 
your petition ycfterday, you fecm 
confaous of the enormity of your 
offence. This houfe, in the terror 
of its judgments, always thinks up. 
on mercfy ; nor do they ever inflid 
punishment bat for the fake of ex- 
ample, and to prevent others from 
becoming the objeQs of their refent- 
ment. 

The cenfure paffed upon you 
wilUthey hope^ have that eflefl. 



You are now the objeAs of ^dr 
mercy ; and are brought to the by 
to be difchareed. 

May you be penetrated vrith a 
due (enfe of their jaAice and le- 
nity I May you atone for your raft 
ofSence, by your <;oBftant endea* 
vours to make |i tight Mfe of the 
invaluable privileges which yon 
enjov as cle(lorS(l Confider thefe 
privil^es as a facred truil repofed 
an you. Dif^Qharge it witn inte* 
grity, 

Btit, before yon rife from your 
prefent pofture, \ do, in obedience 
to the comma^ida of this houfe, at- 

PaiMX^^D YOU. 

J am now to acanaint yon, that 
you are difchargeox paying youf 
fees,' 



Jbftr^a of ibi trial ^ John Grain- 
ger, I)aniel Qlark, l^ichard 
Cornwall, Patttck Lynch^ Tho^ 
mas Murray, Peter FUharty, 
an4l Nichol?[s M'Cabc. fir fimh 

■ *H ^ J®^ Green, contrary if 
tbi ftaSMii, §m the 2l/ tf April 
Ja/i. 

TOHN GREEN, living at the 
I bottom of New Gravel-Lane 
Shadwell, dcpofed, that he was 
employed as deputy-agent un- 
der Mr. W-lHam Huflel, who, as 
agent appointed by Mr. Alder- 
inan Bectford, was concerned in 
the execution of the acl of par- 
liament for regulating coal heair- 
crs; that before this they were 
under the diredion of Jufticc 
Hodgfon, and revolted from the 
coal-undertaker.s infilline ^^ ^?' 
on i6d. a fcore, and Sen i8a. 
but at laft would have nothing to 
do with the undertakers, and would 
have their price under the aft of 

parlU- 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. 



[223 



parliameht ; that Mr. RufTel and 
the deponent had fixed upon an 
office at BilUngrgate for rcgiftering 
the coal-heavers, hut none of them 
came there ; alleging, they were 
under the direfVionofJuftice Hodg- 
Ton, to whom only they would ap- 
ply; that the deponent was fent 
with a complaint to the juflice by 
Mr. RuiTel, deiiring a meeting 
with him, which he excufed, hut 
would fend his clerk; and further 
told him, that/ if Mr. Rnflel did 
notdefift, he would meet with trou- 
ble, and he would give him a pretty 
dance to Weftminfter hall; for the 
ad of parliament was in To vague; 
a nunner, that any body might 
keep an office, and that, as they 
bad the bed men at their office, 
they did not fear to have the bu- 
finds; that, however, in a few 
days after, Mr. Ruflel advertifed 
for men to come, but none came ; 
and then he advertifed for their 
coming at fuch a time, or he would 
employ fuch able-bodied men as 
chofe to come; whereupon many 
came, and they were but in the 
nogs ; that Dunfler, juftice Hodg- 
lirn's clerk, having feen the de- 
ponent do this at Billing%ate, 
i>rotight to his doof ho lets than 
three or four hundred of thefe men, 
t great nuny of whom threatened 
they would pull down his honfe, 
or they would do for him ; that 
tfie deponent went to the man- 
fion-hottfe, to acquaint the lord- 
navor of the danger he was in, 
tad received for anfwer, that he 
ani be directed by fome ma- 
giftrate in his neighbourhood ; that 
on Saturday morning, the 16th of 
April, the coal-heavers having put 
op fome bills, a n^^ighbour's lef* 
^aot went and pulled one down, 
opOQ which the coal-heaTeri criod 



out, that Green's maid had pulled 
down their bills ; and then they dU 
reftlycame running from different 
parts to his door, to the amount of 
one hundred and upwards. The 
purport, the deponent faid, of thefe 
bills, was a Hbcl on Mr. Aldermat^ 
Beckford, and that what was done 
was Mr. RofiVl's own doing.-— 
The a£b of violence, committed 
by the coal-heavers againft this de- 
ponent, beft appear from his own 
words. 

' I aflted them, faid he, what they 
wanted with me ; they cried. By 
J— ^, they would have my life if I 
offered to meddle with any of their 
bills; I fuid, I had not meddled 
with any ; nor none had that be- 
longed to me ; one of tnem cried. 
By J — s, he (hall have a bill pot 
up at his own window ; he topic 
up a handful of dirt, and put it 
upon the window, and put the bill 
upon . it : another of them laid 
hold of my collar, and dragged 
me off the ftcp of my door: ano- 
ther fjiid. Haul him into the river ; 
faid another. By J — s, we will 
drown him ; I got from them, and 
retreated baclc into my houfe* 
After that I went to BilUngrgate, 
and met fcvcral of them there; 
there they threatened they would 
have my life. V/hcn I came home» 
Ifaw a great many of thefe people 
running from their different habi- 
tations; fome with bludgeons, or 
broomflicks, and weapons of that 
fort; they did not ^WeCt them- 
felves in a body, hat were ronninj 
to the head of New Gravel-Laoe. 
I believe abotit 4 or 500 of them 
came within aoo yards of m^ 
houfei they went to Mr. Met^ 
calf, a ' neighbour of mine. %tA 
threatened hiiti ; there was on^ of 
them that was 1 pretended frieni 

[i»]4 9i 



S24j ANNUAL K.EGISTER, ijS8, 

of mine, tbai had promifi^i wh^n deceive thefe mtn, th^t i$ yerj 
lie knew of any thing againfl me, wrong of yoa; I aOLed him, if M''* 
he would let me know: I fat ap Rnfleldid not tell him he would 
to eoard my honfey and I fent my advertife to this effed. I beean to 
wife ard children out of thehoofe; be afraid, and, a5 map/ oitbem 
after that* I prevailed upon m^ came abont ipe» I left them, 
wife to (Uy in the hoafe upon this Nothing happened after, tifl 
man's intelligence; he came abont Wedneiday night, th^t was the 
t^^elve, and told me nothing was aoch, about feven in the evenings 
intenncd againft me» that they had then I faw a great many of thefo 
done their bufinefs they were about, coal-heavers aflembling togethei; 
t v^ent ro brd, and was afleep; I abont 3 or 4<x> yards from mr 
was awakened by my fifter-in-law, houfe, going up Gravel-lane. X 
calling, Mr. Green, Mr. Green, ihut up as faft as t could, a^d toll 
for God's fake, we fhall be mnr- my wife to get out of the houfq 
d?red ; this was about one o'clock as faft as. (he ccnld with her chii* 
QB the Sunday morning; I jumped dren; accordingly (l\e w.eiu away^ 
OQt of bed, and ran into the next with the child that was afleep ia 
INQom wh pre my arms were; I took the cradle. Gilberthorp was i» 
and ^tv^Wi'd one, and faid. You the houfe dfinkii^g a pint of. bccT; 
rafcah, if you do not be gone, I (I did not know his namA then ) ; 
lyill fhoot yon ; they were then iaid I, Brother Tarpawling (he, i*. 
driving at my doors and ihntters; a Tea- faring nun ), I, am afr^idl. I 
the noife was terrible, like a par- fhall have a defperate attack to-. 
eel of men wcrkinp upon a (hip's night from what 1 hay chcajdi,*¥iU. 
bottom, I could compare it to yoa (land by tne, and give me all, 
nothing clfc ; I fired among them, th^ afliftancc ypu can? Yes* fajd, 
I believe I fired about fourteen he, that I will. Wfien the houfe. 
times; and when I had not anything was fecured backwards and fpr- 
ready to fire, I threw glafs bottles wards, I, went up (lairs; fojne^Qoes. 
upon them ; they wrri- at this about had broke fome wind^s there; I 
a quarter of an hour^ when they believe fome of them ha^' tfurown 
all difperfed. On the Monday I (lonei, and runaway; I heard them ^ 
went to BillingCgate about eleven; call out, 'Wilkes and liberty!* I 
I faw feveral of them there who faw the neighbours lighting^ op 
threatened me; Dun Pier was there candles; I faid to my m?^id. For 
alfa They lold me they would do God's fake» light up candle$, for^ 
for me if I did not defid in my thefe pepple (hall have no occ«-' 
procteding5, which was to regiiler. (ion at all. to ufc me ill. I went- 
fuch people as nnplied ; there were , to the wiDdow,andbeg2cd.of cheili 
afwav> Come of the ^coal-heavers-, to de(iA, and faid,, if they ko«w 
about DunHer; he talked of the any thing particuiac of me, | waa 
advertifemcnts that had been in willing to refolve.apy. things thc^y 
the paper, and faid thry were mine; ' wanted to know. Seeing I. could • 
foj he faid Mr. Kuif-l had told not defend myfelf, I diiguifed nvy« 
him he totally d<ciir.ed having felf, and put on an old watch* 
any thing to fay in it, and it was coat, and a Dutch cap, and.wcnt 

mf ' Ming onl^; I faid. Do not ddwnftairi^in.ordertoget a magif- 

'* * v.- '- trate 



APPENDIX to tb« CHRONICLE. [*»5 

xnft^ to come and prevent my hoafe I Taw no £rf -arms t]ie/ had t^H 

from beings palled down. I lia4 eleven or twd^re in the night i 

one Dunderdale, a ihoe-maker, they were driving at the door 

that lodged in my honfe ; he went about ten, but I cannot tell with 

down v^ ith me t when t came what ; I looked through the door 

flown to the ba^k doorr I heard and faw their han(u moving, 

them threaten they would have me driving fomething hard a^nft it; 

asd my life; I then found it im- About twelve they fired into the 

r Bible to get out of the houfe. houfe, both in the front and the 

ma up flairs then». fully deter- rear; the balls ftruck thecieliag 

^Bined to d' fend royfelf as long as in the room where I was» feme* 

I was able; I fpoke to them again times clofe over my head; as 

\sl the ({reet from the window^ and they were in the ftreet, and I ia 

defired them to tell me what I had the one pair of ftairs, the balle 

done ; they called out in the ilreet went into the cieling and dropped 

tiiey would have me, and hang down on the floor; I could noo 

me over my fign-pofl; others walk about the room with aayi 

(lid, they would broil and roaif fafety, I was forced to place my- 

me, and words to that effe^ ; iti^ by the wall between the win- 

ftbnes came np very- fail. I then dows ; and fometimes I would 

took a brace of piilols from the crawl under the window to th» 

uble, and fired among them, load- next, and fometimes I flood be*, 

cd with ponder only; after that,, hind the brackets; then I would^ 

r kept ij\\i% away among them ^and up and drive among thena 

ij^hat arms I had, loaded with bird like dung ; I have feen their baUa* 

tfA fwan fhot ; they difperfed in Urike the cieling as I have floodr 

the front then ; I immediately ran under the cover of the wall, and' 

li^kwards, they were heaving, as I have been goings to fire they* 

fooes into the back chamber have come over m^ head> and fome 

windowa; I fired from the back 16dged in the cieling* < 

clumber windows; after T had This firine continued all the 

fted fome few rounds back- night, and all the momtng«. at dif- 

wards, theydefided from heav- ferent periods, 
log flones into the back part of. When I attacked them baek- 

the houfe, but I did not find they* wards, I ufed to crawl out of the 

likd left the place. I was again at- window on my belly, and lie upon 

t)cked» both in the front and back-- the wafh- houfe leads with my/ 

part of the houfe ; 1 fired among arms« I have heard them fay. You • 

ti^m fometimes from the front of that have arms are co fire upon 

my^oafe, and fometimes from the him, and you that have fl6aes are 

rear ; I imagined they would have to htave, and fo many to break ' 

bboke into the houfe prefently, if. the door, and io many to climbs 

r.had not kept a warm fire up- the wall; if they got up there,* 

00 them 4 1 hear4 them call \ they could ret in at the window* 

out feveralv times, 1 ' tm (hot, I ! from the leads. I had Gilberthorp- 

a^ wounded; Hill they faid they; below to guard the door, .for pare, 

>voQld have mc» and ao.forme. of* the front door was broken I' 
Iliad jvaiioua attacks ia the nig|it }> g^t off, I believe, .abont niacin 
^^ • the 



»26] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



■ 



the mbrningy when I bad no more 
ammunition left, only the charge 
that I had in my Dlunderbais, 
except what was in the, ma(ket« 
that would not go off; (o I faid 
to the men that were in the houfe. 
You feie they are firing from every 
quarter, there is no help for me, 
they will come in, and I can make 
n<r return upon them to check 
their infolence: the beft way to 
snake them defill is for me to get 
OQt of the houfe ; you will all be 
Tery fafc whether I make my ef- 
cape or not. Mr. Gilberthrop 
(aid. Do what you think bed. I 
faid. They only want me ; if they 
get me, it is all over ; or if they 
knc^ I ^am gone, they will deiift ; 
1 took my blunderbufs over my 
arm, and my drawn Kanger in my 
hand, and went out of the back 
window upon the leads. I faw 
fcveral of them in the alley; I le- 
velled the blunderbufs^ at them, 
andfaid. You rafcals, be gone, or 
I'll Wow your brains out, efpeci- 
ally you (that was to one under 
me) but I fcprn to take your life ; 
lie faid, God blcfs you, Mr. Green, 
you are a brave man; he clapped 
his hand on his head, and ran away. 
I went over into Mr. Mere- 
ton's (hip-yard ; one of the (hip- 
wrights met me : ju(l as I jumped, 
he faid, Mr. Green, follow me ; 
he took me to a faw -pit, and 
(hewed me a hole at the end where 
the fawyers ufed to put their 
things ; he faid. Go into that 
h6le, yon will be fafe enough; faid 
I, Don't drop a word but that I 
am goneover the wall ; I got in, he 
left me ; there I lay till the guards 
came ;• I heard the mob fearch for 
me ; fomc faid he is gone one way, 
fomc another ; they were got into 
the yard , 1 heard one ofthe fhip- 



-• 



Wrights fay he is gone over tlic 
wall, and gone away by water. 

When the guards came, one o 
the Ihipwrights came to me, and 
deiired to know what I (hog Id do ^ 
I faid. Go and tell the officer to 
draw his men up, ai\d come inco 
the yard, and I'll furrender myfelf 
to him ; the foldiers came, and I 
came out of the faw-pit ; I had 
nothing but my handkerchief about 
my head : I had been wounded 
between ten and eleven at night ; 
I furrendered myfelf to the of- 
ficer. Judice Hodgfon faid, Mr. 
Green, you are one of the brav- 
efl fellows that ever was; whom 
do you intend to go before, me, 
or fir John Fielding ? I faid, I do 
not care wholt is. Then, faid hc^ 
you will go before me. Accord- 
ingly we went, and when I came 
there he committed me to New* 

fate.-— In the courfe of this cvi* 
ence, it does not appear that the 
deponent fwore to the identity of 
any of the prifoners, as eneaged 
in the a£l of (iring a^ainlt* or 
otherwife a(fai]ing, his hou(e« 
though he did^ fome few of them 
threatening him at Billingfgate ; 
but this identity was fworn to by 
the next evidence, George Crab- 
tree, in the perfons of Cornwall, 
David Clark, or Clarey, Lynch, 
Flaharty, and Grainger. The firfl 
he faw fire feveral times towards 
Green's windows ; Clark he alfo 
faw fire, after Green had (hot his 
brother ; Grainger he faw heav- 
ing a (lone, or brickbat, at 
Green's windows ; and Lynch with 
a mufket in his hand, but did not 
fee him fi^T'^ Robert Anderfon 
fwore to Clark's and Cornwall's 
firing feveral times, as did alfo 
Andrew Evenerus to Clark's £ring. 
Thomas Cummings fwore tQ the 

fame 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [227 



Atme at committed by Flahaity, 
Clark, Lynch; Cornwall/ and 
Momy ; and he p<^rticuUrIy ac- 
ciifed Flaharty of getting into his 
own hoofet and firing out at his 
parret windows. Philip Oram and 
WilUgm Burgefs corroborated the 
^ame as to Cornwall ; and the lat- 
ter faw M'Cabe and John Grain* 

fer firtngy knowing their perfons, 
at not their names, M'Cabe 
a&ed him for his fleeve buttons 
CO load a piece with to fire at 
Green : and moreover examined 
his coat, and wanted to feel in 
his pocket for fomethine to load ; 
M'Cabe alfo enquired in the 



o'clock in the afternoon, on the 
loth of May, to^ Wcibninfter, but 
paflfed over London-bridge into 
St. George's-fields ; that it might 
want about a quarter to three 
o'clock when they got there ; that 
the horfe-guards were juft come, 
and were clearing the people out 
of the fields; that Redburn and he 
Hopped about five or fix minutes 
in the caufeway, and in that time 
two or three of the foot foldiert 
fired ; that he (aw no rioting, nor 
nothing done in the time he flood 
there ; but that» when the foldiert 
had fired, Redburn faid to him, 
Taylor, let us go ; that they then 



houfe where he, the deponent, came out of the caufeway into the 
lodged, for the pewter fpoons and road, their backs being towards 



pots to cot them in pieces for (hot, 
uying he would pay for them. 
There were feveral other evidences 
to prove the identity of the ^ri- 
fon^rs as concerned in this not. 



the foldiers, and in that time Red- 
bum received a ball, which wound- 
ed him in the hind pai;^ of the 
thigh; that, a great many help- 
ing Redburn along, he went to a 
Some of the prifoners declared furgeon in Blackmaii-ftreet ; the 
their innocence of the charge; furgeon probed the wound, it went 
others (aid they were there with in oehind and came out before ; 
the defign of keeping the peace, that he did not fee the defendant, 
andpreventingtheefcapeof(areen, Mr. GiUam, at the time he was 
who had been guilty of murder, by looking at the foldiers and the 



firing out of his windows. Several 
appeared to their charadler : but 
all feven were brought in -guilty, 
death ; and were executed the 26th 
^J^h^* purfuant to their fentence. 



mob ; and nothing at all between 
the foldiers and the mob previous 
to the firing, nor an^ body make 
any diilurbance during the whole 
time he was there. 

CroTs examined. Says, he can 
give no guefs what number of peo- 
ple might be there, but that thefe 
was a vaft number ; and all were 
quiet while he was there. 

Richard Nicholl, a rope-maker, 

JOHN Taylor depofed, that he and conlbible of St. George the 
lives in fligh-ftrect. Mile-end, Martyr, depofed, that he was poft- 
H a journeyman weaver; that Wil- ed at the King's-bench prifon the 



Ah^mB of thi trial of Samuel Gil- 
lam, Efq, for the leilful mwrdir 
of William Redburn. 



Turn Redburn was the fame, and 
lived ^ext door but one to him 
eighteen years ; that Redburn and 
)m went from home about two 

5 



tenth of May, came there at half 
an hour paft two in the afternoon, 
but that he had been there before 
betweea.tcn and eleven : that there 



was 



»z8] ' ANNUAL REGISTER, 176S. 



was a vaft number 'of people, p, 
Choufand or more ; that when he 
£rft came down before the king's 
bench* he went nigh the biicK* 
wall ; that Mr. Ponton faid» there 
was a paper ftack up agalnft the 
prifon-wally and deiired it mieht 
be taken down; which Mr. La- 
tham the conftable did, and foon 
after that the people cried out. 
Give us the paper, and throwed 
ftones at them : this was between 
deven and twelve, as nieh as he 
can guefs ; that the people threw 
ilones at the juilices and conila- 
bles as they went towards the 
marfhal's hoofe, and continued & 
doing fropi the time of the taking 
dpwn the paper till they got to 
the marflial's hoofe ; that the juf^ 
dees and conilables went in there 
for foldiers, as he believes ; afler 
they had got into the houfe, the 
p€Ople* kept on throwing ilones, 
which he (ays might continue for 
about four or £ve minutes; that 
there la a way through -the houfe» 
and there was a guard of foldiers ; 
tiiat they came from behind the 
houfe, and the guard of foldiers 
c^me after them, rouud to the 
front of the houfc ; believes there 
were three juiticcs, Mr. Poncon, 
Mr. Gillam, and another, but did 
not know the other; that when 
theycame round the houfe, the peo- 
ple began to halloo, and cry out 
for the paper, and kept throwing 
offtoncs; upon which Mr. Gillam, 
Mr. Ponton, and the other gentle- 
man, drew up to read the noc-ad, 
and while they were reading it, 
or were going to read it, the mob 
heaved Sonts at the juflices; faw 
one ftone cut a ferjeant's lip, and 
another ilruck Mr. Ponton* on the 
bread ; that whilll a man -was hal- 
looing, out, * Wilkes and tib«nrf 



for ever!* he ww in the fidd ff- 
cine the brick-wall, about fire 
yards froih it, and was ordf rrd to 
uke hold of him s that, getting 
within ten yards of him, he faw 
him run, and| looking over kb 
left hand, faw an officer and Tome 
foldiers running after him as fiir as 
the Hav-market, then loft fieht of 
him ; that is atl he knows of that 
part ; this was near twelve o'clock. 
About one, was Handing near the 
road, where feme folcfiers were 
pofted; fays, the people behaved 
very riotous, and threw ftones at 
the foldiers, Co that they could not 
keep their pofti for them. Mr. 
Gillam, who was there, begged of 
the people to difperfe, and go about 
their bnfinefs ; he told them chat 
the riot-ad had been read ; foroe 
people there faid, D— n you, we do 
not believe the riot-ad has "been 
read ; Mr. Gillam faid, if I thought 
that would appeafe you, I would 
read it again; upon which, he 
took a pocket-book out of his 
pocket, called out filence, and read 
It again, and he, the deponent, 
heard him read it; the people 
came round about, were pretty 
fdent at that time, and aAerwaids 
he begged of them again to dif- 
perfe. Between two and three 
o'clock, as he was (landing bf the 
king's-bench, Mr. Gillam faid to 
him, G>nftable, go with me : and 
he went with him to the foHiers. 
TJicy were pofted near a roadj 
when they got there, he begged of 
the people to difperfe, tola them 
the riot-ad had been read, and 
they were every foul liable to be 
taken up ; while he was begging 
them to difperfe, they threw ftones 
at thtf foldiers, Mr. Gillam, and 
himfblf. as they ftood all toge- 
ther ; Mr. Gillam then faid, for 

Goa^s 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [2i» 

God'tftkcigoodpeople.go iway; cd; heard rke jufticea defire them 
if I fee any mote llonci thrown, I (o difperfe % great many times, but 
will ttfder tlie goardi to £re : did not hear the proclamation read, 
while he was (9 fayingi a Aone and fays there were fifteen or twen- 
cime and hit him oirer the head, ty thottrand people there, 
thoat the temple: itcanfed him. to . Robert Allen, a conftable, it- 
T< ~ - - ^j^^, . pof^, tjj^t he was preCcnt on th^ 

a felf, or 10th of May, when the finng was ; 

{ rd him does not thinic there wa«, upon hit 

{ ihenip foal, any provocation, for there 

t a few vnu no attempt made to take any 

I d then prifonersi a great number of peo^ 

] vhe^her pie were in -the £elda ; it was a 

i w tfont general thoroughfare, and he be- 

i d, the liL-veieverybody thatwentthroug& 

i The the fields Aopped there ; fays, a 

I ove ut great party 6f horfe-guards camt 

rd .' no and rode among the people, caof- 
;' aftec ing a great difturbance; the gaol 
lit upon ii ruled round, and the pe«plc 
e paihr were leaning upon thcfe rails ; 
pon hii the horfe rode among them, and 
s hand, difperfed them to the out-bordera 
>t kno^ o£' the lielde I when they came to 
i, they the road and caufeway, they hnz- 
3od ma- 3aed and biffed the foldien, that 
ipi hut wu all the provt>cation he faw i 
yei they that he faw two or three people 
fall with thnr wounds ; was not 
ftablc of near cnoogh to hear any orders 
a l)one given to fire, but rememDers the 
illan on maoner of firing was thas ; The 
d three, body of foldiers were within about 
near Mr. forty yaidi of the caufeway, the 
mob ap- way that people walk in ; they 
innot lay call it platoons, believes they were 
ft^gger; feparatcd, not altogether; they. 
gave or- &rcd at random half a dozen at d 
was can- time, more or Icfi : a great num- 
; towards ber of them loaded three times, 
le. and feemed to enjoy their fire, 

he had -which he thought a great cruelty ; 
lie of the this was about three, or a Ht'le 
. Ponton after ; cannot fay he faw a ftone 
Mr. Gil- thrown the whole day j was in dif- 
rjeanl cut ferent parts, but did not fee the 
throwing weaver, 
i reppat- 

Crofs 



23ol A.NNUAL HEGISTfilt, 1^68, 



.Crofs examiaed. Says, the com-^ 
SDSUfiding officer came up, aftd faid^ 
he believed thev had difperfed the 
mob: Mr. Giilam faia, I hope 
there is no Bufchief done: this 
was a ycry fiiort time after the fir- 
ing ; the commanding officer faid* 
Yoa may depend upon it, there is 
no mifchief done, becaufe we al- 
ways fire in the air; a great nam* 
ber of people afterwards reported, 
murder was done. This was the 
horfe officer. That a ball went 
through the thigh of one Bodding* 
fon, and fhivered it ; they were 
going to order him, the deponent, 
into confinement, for faying it was 
a cruel thing ; and, as they order- 
ed this fire. It was very proper, he 
faid, they fhould order the man 
away. Mr. Giilam faid. Why do 
not you go and tak^ him away ? 
The deponent (aid, it was not in 
his power. Tha^, wiicn the fir** 
ing was ordered, h4 was in thd 
field by the juHices almoU the 
whole day, but not near enough 
to hear any order for firings be- 
ing feme times, he fuppofes, forty 
yards from Mif. Giilam, fometimes 
clofe to him ; and, at the tin^e the 
firing was ordered, fuppofes he 
might be about forty yards. Be- 
ing aiked then, if he was not near, 
how he could tell there was no oc* 
cafion to order a firing? Says, he 
was amongd the general body of 
the people, and could fee thofe 
npon whom the firing was, but ob- 
ferved nothing but hallooing, and 
did not Ice a ilone thrown the 
whole time he was there. Quef- 
tioned \vhcthcr he was a relation to 
Allen that was killed ; faid. None 
at all. 

George Milford Flowers, of St. 
Olave's, dtpoCts he was prcfcni in 
St. George's - fields the loth of 



May; came there a few minates 
after twelve; went into the Hay- 
market, and continued there a 
quarter of an hour ; was there pan 
of the day befides, and ob ferved 
the people a-^ood deal diflatisfied 
at the death of Allen ; the people 
exprcflfed it in words ; did not fee 
any flicks or any thing thrown; 
went to Mr. Allen*i, and firom 
thence down the Borough, to en* 
quire for a jnfHce of the peace, to 
have -an evidence made of that 
young man ; came back near two : 
went- along the wall of the king's 
bench about three, pafifed from 
theiice to the king's bench, and 
fronr thence to the marfhal^ honfc; 
obfc^ed during that time there 
was a great tamuh among the fol- 
diers : believes the people were flee- 
ing, and the fbldters after them ; 
was* not in a fituation to obferve 
the foot, this was the horfe; was 
clofe by the prifon wall ; did not 
obferve he was there the time the 
foot fired, as he did not remain, 
but pailed along ; faw Mr. Giilam 
a little after, but not inunediately ; 
was waiting • to obtain a warrant 
for a foldier that had killed Mr. 
Allen; Mr. Giilam took ofi?" his 
wig, and rubbed his head ; faid, he 
had received a blow with a brick- 
bat or fomethin?, but thanked 
God that his ikuTl was thick, it 
had not hurt it ; Mr. Giilam did 
not give any reafon in his hearing 
for firing ; did not fee Redbum 
that day to his knowledge ;^ had 
fome converfation with Mr. Gil- 
lam in the evening, who faid he 
had fomething thro^vn at him. 
AilceS whether Mr. Giilam at any 
other part of the day gave any rea- 
fon for firing? fays, he did no- 
thing but what was mentioned be* 
fore. 

JifflCt 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. 



[231 



Janes Darbyfhire dcpofed* that 
%e knows Mr. Gillan^, and remem- 
ben the 10th of May very well; 
had coQTerration with. Mr. Gillam 
aboat the accident that day; it 
was aboat two o'clock, after thfi 
narder of Mr. Allea> before the 
IdBbg of Redbarn. Being told 
by the council for the profecution 
that had nothing to do. with this 
matter, and that they would not 
aik any further quellions, demand* 
cd then what he came there for? 
(aid he could prove fomething* 
having been there from twelve till 
nine at n^ght» and feen the whole 
behaviour of Mr. QiUam ; is him- 
felf abookfelIer» and lives in the 
ptrifh of St. George's, Hanover- 
(qoare; went' into the king's- 
bench prifoa.a little before twelve 
pVlock, ilaid there about half an 
Koor; could fejc into the£ekb, be- 
caafe there were glafs >^ndows; 
did not obferve the leafl 31 beha- 
TioQi xn the pepple : did quit tl\Q 
pnibn, and, when he came out, 
WIS going into the city, but, at 
the tnd of the wall, there were 
people crying out, that there was 
a murder committed; this was a 
little before pi^e o'clock. Being 
told to' keep to the death of Red- 
imni> and Mr. Gillam's behaviour, 
iays, that, after the murder, he re» 
turned to the king's bench prifon, 
by defire of Mrs. Allen, to fee ^f- 
ter the murderer; this was about 
one o*clock; applied to the jnf- 
ticet for a warrant to apprehend 
the murder^ or murderers; the 
jofticcs would not grant any; then 
applied to juftice Gillam, ^ho told 
him, he had orders from the mi- 
aiftry to fire upon the peojple, and 
that there mud be fome men kill- 
ed, and that it was better to kill 
ivc-aod-tweoty to day, than have 



an hundred to. kill to-morrow^ 
this was in the field oppofite the 
marfhal's hoafe, between one and 
two o'clock, in the prefencd of the 
(bldiers^ ind that aU the after.* 
noon there were people takem imo 
cuftody, and pat into a cellar nn^ 
der the marflial's .houfe. Beine 
defired by the court to name thole 
perfons that were prefent, rery 
properly exclaimed^ • What! the 
Ibldiers!' faid, he was not fo well 
acquaij|ted with them; i^t be- 
lieves i( was twi.ce faid in the honle 
and out of the houfe, and with, a 
&ieer, as murder wa3 a thing of 
no confequence; fays, there were 
fome people by at this time, but 
does not recoiled who they were. 
Aiked, Was Mr. Ponton there? 
replied. Yes ;' but does not know 
whether in hearing, but faw him 
there. 

Crofs. examined. Believes it was 
fpoken twice, but is not certain, 
only as. to once; and, to the bell c£ 
his knowledge, that it was {pokea 
the firft time oppofite the marfhal's 
houfe, about two o'clock : that they 
talked of it as a thing of trifling 
concern, a matter of no concern; 
that Mr. Gillam, upon his appli- 
cation to him for a warrant for the 
mi^rderers, faid he would grant no 
warrant, and that it was no murder; 
for chat Ke had orders from the mi- 
niftry to fire upon the people, and 
there mud be fome killed, and it 
was better to kill Eve and twenty 
to day than a hundred to-morrow. 
[N. B. The deponent repeaa this 
leveral times.] Afked, how long 
that was after the firdconverfatioa? 
fays, he cannot tell; but it was not 
at night, he was in bed at night ; 
does not iay the very particular 
words were faid, but feveral things 
were faid. Is not ceruia whether 

it 



232] ANNUAI^RElf^STfiR, ijGS. 

k ms in the nuurflufl's hon^e^ but #tef} wl^st hsLvpentA from twAu 

bdieyetf it was. Wh«n be heard it 'o'clock > when he tAmt tp th^t part 

a ^ond ttme» it wjis not the fame wherein he faid he heard Aft. uit* 

words, bnt to that ]Mirport; it was lam order the milh^ to fire nM 

with "great diftcnhy rmit ahjr war- the -people, Mr. Giiiaai faid^. Hold, 

not coQid bo obtained, ^illaiii hoM, do not take his depofitidi 

ikid it was no imii*der 9 that he did from the time before that, bat what 

^t hear the other jttfltces fay any ha^xpened in the cow-honfe f itnl* 

riling in partitalaT f imagined Biat gmed Mr. GiHam was confcloas «tf 

t^iM geotlemMi was foreman on that ms gtiilr. Afked, Were any jifffitts 

m^ glorious dapf.' Adds, that Me* preknt, except Mr. Gillam, at (Ike 

GiUamfaid, if thtir names coukibd time he faid it W2cr no mtirdflr? 

proconrd, h* would grant warrants; Anfweredy No, ndt as* he knew ofl 

Mt wookl not grant any \^arnmts PMircii bickering^ paflbd between 

till' ha knew t^eir names. ^ This this evid\?nce and tfre council.] 
w>as in the rosflrihars hou(b, 4>ut the George Milford* Flowers, kiiflj 

words were ufed on. the hrf^ appli- afltcd whether he remembered to- 

oatioa for warrants. Being aflced mg Mr. DarbyAifc there, rcpVi^ 

bow long he had been acquainted* Yes ; that he TGeo. Flowers] matfd 

u-ith Mn Giliam, fays. The 10th of repeated application^ for a wamtrft 

May,, about 12^ o'clock, wasthefirfl to Mr. GHlam, in the niarfhaA 

of hisacquaintajice with him ; bat kouie, about tihree o^Qck, whenlilS 

did not know there was a Mr. Gi!- faw Mr. Daibyftiire feveral tltt«» 

km living before, and wiflied he who faid* a giiar irtany rhiflgs^trf 

badnot'feen him then, beeaofe he him; that the juftite ordered Mtf 

few fuck a6ts of oruelty he ncrer [George FlowcrsJ into ctrftbdy fof 

law before. Adds, Giliam was in helping the woman; that he (Mie 

eompany with him in that fecond joihcej ordered depofltions to^ bl? 

converfation many hoars, and that taken; but faid they were all aiiKi^» 

they came together as acquaintance, and woold n6t have them, he wotifd 

becaufe he was applying for war- have them otherwife. The dcpo- 

rants, endeavouring to bring the nent did not get a wjdtant. Mr. 

murderers to light ; that he was Pardon was taking d^pofitions ; h^ 

there, and drank there, and believes Jthe latter] faid he could not'heil^ 

out of the fame glafs> but is not it, it was as they gave them, 
fare of that ; tha^ Mr. Flowers was Flowers further* depofed, that he 

in the room, and the cowman, [Giliam] faid it was owing to th^ 

whofe name he does not recoiled; tlirowing at his head: that jo^jjj 

faw alfo Mr. Ponton there fevcral Capel wa^ there, who faid he haa ^ 

times ; that the application for the an order from the mi^iftry ^^ A® 

warrants was particular I V made by 25 of the people: that'CoK "Cit 

Hljlr. Flowers, and aootner gentle*, was there ; he made fome flight 

man, Mr. Horne, who the depo- apologies, and faid Vr was owing tj 

aent believes, it a clergyman, and the gun going ofF^ he faid he cOoW 

lives at Brentford. Says, the jnfttce's have drove them all away wirhont 

dtrkv upon uking a depoittioo for breaking their Ihins, there was nO^ 

the murder of Allen> beginning reafon to hurt any of thenf^ Mr* 

Gfllatf*. 



l^or the YlBAR 1768. 



[233 



Gtlkm, in the eVeniAg, to have 
them fire again. 

William Penrith, turnkey at the 
king's-bench prifon, depoted, that 
he was minding the prifoners on the 
infide, knows nothing what happen^ 
ed withoat, bat faw a great number 
of people on the datfide. That he 
took in many that day for mifbe- 
hariour : but there were no ftones 
thrown that day, as he knows of, 
though fomc were the day before. 
A&ed, If he was not afraid of their 
breaking tht prifon the fecond 
div ? replied^ No ; becaufe he had 
a iafficient guard with him on the 
iiifide^ half a dosen people, not fol 
dien. Did not fend the day before 
for a gtiard, but believes the mar- 
ihaldid. It was a guard on the 
Otftfide, did not fee what was done 
there. Being aflced whether there 
was any force ufcd the fecond day, 
replied there was not. 

Tohn Wills, a glaziet, and con* 
ftahleofSt. Olave's pari(h, was in 
St George's-fields on the roth of 
Hay ; he w^nt there about twelve 
o'clock; faw Mr.Pbnton, Mr.Gil- 
Itti, Mr. RulTel, and feveral others, 
whofe names he does not know. At 
the time the h6rfe-erenadiers came, 
tJMre was a fad diilurbance, the 
pople cried out, « Wilkes and li- 
berty!' and threw ftones; the guards 
Were orderedto the field-gate. Mr. 
C^llam was along with them ; the 
deponent went with them; Mr. 
Guhm' defired the oeople to dif- 
perfe, and^ for God's fake to go 
aome ; faying, if he faW anv mOre 
tones thrown he would order the 
tnrds to fire; juft at that time, 
nNoething came and hit him on the 
^ of the head; he fell back about 
«wo or three yards; came forwards 
>g>ui, and faid to the officer^ If 

Vot.XL 



this be the cafe, we (hall all be kil- 
led, you mull fire ; he faid. Fire ; 
upon that t&e foldiers fired immedi- 
ately. The deponent faw the horfc- 
grenadiers fire; then thought him- 
(clf in danger, becaufe they fired 
into the path where he and others 
were, AOced, If he knew how 
they fired ? Says, there were three 
rows, believe they fell into fix, but 
cannot be pofitive; looked upon 
them to be 35 or 36 men; did not 
hear the riot aft read, but Mr. Gil- 
lam told the people it had been 
read, and the time was nearly ex- 
pired ; in the evening it was read 
again ; it was read three feveral 
times afterwards, that he remem- 
bers; faid, Mr. Gillam fpoke in z 
yrery friendly manner to the people, 
but, if jthey threw any more fiones, 
they moil order the guards to fire. 

Serjeant Glynn. I call no more 
witneifes, your lordfhips will never 
find me afting a part againfl hu- 
manity and candour: I am not now 
prcfiine this gentleman's convic- 
tion ; I opened the ]aw> that, where 
it was abfolutely necel&ry for fup- 
preffing a riotous mob, there the 
magiftrate is julHfied : the appiici* 
tion thereof from fa6ts is the whole 
queftion ; with refpeft to me, I ihall 
fay not a word more about it> 

Withont going into his defence, 
or calling any witnefs, the juAice ' 
was honourably acquitted, and had 
a copy of his indiftment granted. 

N9 acccimt nvas aUo^rd to he pub^ 
Ufind by mubority^ of the trial 
if Donald MacUane at Guilford. 
Thoft that have appeared are fo 
emirmSaory^ and Jo deeply tinged ' 
by the violent Jpirlt of party nvhich 
tbin prevailed^ that *we tiink any 
txtroB from them *wouU onh fer*ve 





134] 



ANNTUAL REGISTER 



t9 mjliod thi cpitiiM tf mar nmdr 
its, ?£r Moft remarigUt! drcimr 
Jhmc$ MttmtHng^ this triti vmtt t^f^ 
it afptarei hy ju/tict GUiam^i roef- 
ilincif that be km*v Maciougbkm tm 
ti tbtftrfim nuko Jh/ai jpmng JMeru 

Lord BdtnncreV Drfome, vM/d f thf 
Coutt amd Jufy^ upon bis trial at 
KingikMn in Surry^ §n Saturday 
Ac 26fb ^ Marck> f^ # raff 
fnd t9 bi C9wumtitd ij bim, m 
Sarah Woodcock ; 0/ 'mlmb bis 
JLortf/bi^ ^tms acjuitttdi Tabm 
m Quart fy 4 G^tuLmau pa$fi§Um 

My Lord» aod GentUmen* 

I Have putmyfetf apoamy cona* 
try, mc«DfideacetkatpfC|i]djcc 
and damoni will avail Mtkiofi m 
tlm place, where k is the privilege 
9i tJie meaneft of the KiiigV fab- 
jeds to be prefomed ta be iaiiocent 
OAtil his guilt has been, made ap«> 
pear by legal evidence. I wiii i 
could 6iy, that I have been treated 
abroad with the fame caadont ; I 
have been loaded wichobloqay; the 
moft malignant Itbeh have been 
circulated, and every other method 
that malice could devi£s hat been 
taken to create a general pre^dice 
againft me. I dwnk God, that, 
under fuck circtnnftanoB, 1 have 
had firmnefs and refolution enough 
to meet mv accufers face to face, 
and provoke an enquiry into my 
condu£L Hie putrut ^I^^ffm tfi<i^ 
wit ififcire Jibi. 

The charge agaiad me* and 
againfl thefc poor people, who arc 
involved with me becau£e they 
might otherwifc have bees witnciTes 
forme, is^ in ity nature* «iify ra be 
made, and* hard to be difproved. 
The accufier hat the advantage of 
Supporting it by direft and politive 



evidmcf. The defence can tiAf 
be colle6ted from circumftances. 

My defence is compoTed of a very 
great variety of circumftances, all 
tending to (hew the fal£ty of thi& 
charge^ the abfurdity of it, the im- 
poilibiJit^ that it can be true. It 
will be kid before the jury by evi- 
dence, under the direoion of my 
oouiel ; and I have th^ confidence 
of aA innocent man,"*' that it will 
nunifeft to your lordfliip, the ]nry» 
and the ^hole world, tku the ftory 
tokl by this woman is a perveifioa 
of the truth, and a mere inven- 
tion. 

What could Induce tfaiawomaft 
to nuke fuch a charge,. I can cmJf 
fufped.— Very tooa afcer ihe came 
to my^ hott£e, upon her repiefenta^ 
tion to me that her £uher was dif*. 
treffed, i dent him a confiderabk 
fiun of money; whether the cafe 
with which that money was obtained 
from me, might fugged thia idea, as 
a means of Qbtainiag a largor fun if 
money, or whether it was tJumgkl 
neceilary to deiboy me^ in order ip 
e-eflablifh the chara^er of the gixl 
with the world, I know not ; bat I 
do aver, upon the word of ama&of 
honour, dwtthereisno trutk i^aaf 
thing which has been faid or fwon 
of m^ having offered violence to 
tbisgicL I ever held fuch brntali^ 
in abhorrence : may I i)e allowed to 
add, without offending a^inll that 
decorum which ought to be olh 
fenced here, that as a man of pka* 
fare, I am in opinion againi aQ 
force. I (hould not have introdor 
ced thisXcntimenc, if it badnot beat 
pertinent to the fttbjed; other opi- 
nions on other fubjef^s, no way re- 
latiag to this charge, have been inn 
puted> and, falfefy, impated tome* 
to inflame this accufation. Liber- 
tine asl may have bcenrcprefcated, 

I hold 



For the YEAR f^68. 



^35 



t hxAi no fuch. opinions ; atid coit- 
Mcrhof^ the debility of my cbnfH- 
tntion. It is not only a moral but a 
pir^cal impoffihility for me to Imve 
raviihed this woman, who is {{fonger 
tlan I am. ^ Much has been urged 
againft me upon that of h^vui^' 
(ranced her from her parents and* 
friends. Sedu^Vion is not th\e point 
of this charge ; bat I do aflhre your 
lordfhip and thd jury, that this part 
of the cafe has been aggravated cX- 
cecdingly beyond the tnrth ; if I 
haveKett inranjr degree to blame, 
1 have verv fufficiently atoned for" 
ettff bdfftretlon which a welk at- 
udunent to tMs unworthy womian 
mav.havel^d'meinto, byliaving 
fftflered the dtferace of being ex- 
poM as a criminal * at the btt, in 
the county which my father hid the 
Itootir to reprefent in parliament, 
aakdWhere» (f this fort of an adivf 
lift had beeft my objed, my ovt^ 
tiak and fortune gave me fome 
preten£ons to have attained the' 
ume honour. I will take up no 
aiore of your lordihip's time than' 
t»tdd; that if I had been confcious 
oTthe guilt *now* imputed tome, I ' 
cooM bavckept myfclf and my foV- 
tiorout of thctcach of the law:^ of 
this country. I am a citizen of 
tht world, and tould have lival any 
where; but f love my couiury, and • 
fobmjt to its laws ; and refblrlng^ 
char my innocence fliould be juftU 
fed by the laws, I now, by my own 
voltmeiry zd!, by furroidering my- • 
fclftfl the court of king*5 beqch, 
fake upon the vefdid of t^«'clve • 
■oi my lff(i and fbrmne, and, what 
i» deutr to me than cither, my 
honour. 



^ puiiit nijf^tings, whick the ix- 
traordlnary tranfoBians in our c9* 
lotdis ba*ve this year produce J^ «rr 
Ji numerous and diffufe^ thai in 
fhemjeives they tvonld firm a 'uo^ 
/ume of nmy confiderbte hulk \ for 
nnhich reUfin^ it' is only in oar 
pbwer to JeliQa fi^ of the mofi 
inttreJHng and iniportastt of them 
for our reader K 

Copy of the Jgnenunt entered into hy 
the inhahitants of Bofiout the ea- 
pad of the ffrovince of MaJ/achm* 
fttis-hay* 

a'^lA.^ merchants and traders ia 
i the towri of Bofton having 
tiken into confideration the deplo- 
rable fituation of the trade, and th^ 
niiny difficulties It at prefent labours 
under on actdunt of the fcardty of' 
mdney, which is daily increafing for 
want of thie other remittances to 
difcharge our debts in Great Bri- 
tain, and the large fums collefled by 
the officers of the cuftoms for duties 
oh goods imported; the heavy taxes 
levied to difcharge the debts con- 
tfaAed by the g'bvemmeiit in the 
late war; the embarraffments and 
r^ftrlAiOiiS laid on the tr^lde by the 
fevefal latea^sof p;irliament; to- 
gether with the bad fuccefsofour 
cod-fiftiery thisfeafon, and the dif- 
couragingT ptofpea of the whale- 
filhery, b^ t^hieh oirr principal 
fources of remitunces are like to be 
»greatlytlimini(hed, and we thereby 
reddled unible to pay the debts we 
owe the merchants in Great Britain, 
and to conddue the importation of 
gt)ods fromihince: 

We, the fubfcribers, in order to 
relieve the trade under thofe dif- 
couragements. to promote induftry, 
frugdity, and c3ecofiomy, and to dif* 

[^ 2 j courage 



236] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



courage laxur)', and every kind of 
extravagance, do promife and cn- 
((age to and with each other, as 
tbllows : 

Firft, That we will not fend for 
or import from Great Britain, either 
upon our ovm account, or upon 
commiiCon, this fall, any other 
goods than what are already order* 
cd for the fall fnpply. 

Secondly, That we will not fend 
for or import any kind of goods or 
merchandize from Great Britain, 
either on our own account, or on 
commifltons, or any otherwife, from 
the ill of January 1769, to the ifk 
of January 1770, except (alt» coab, 
flih-hooks and lines, hemp, and 
duck bar lead and (hot* wool-cards 
and card-wire. 

Thirdly, That we will not pur- 
chafe of any fadlor, or others, any 
kind of goods imported from Great 
Britain, Trom January 1769, to Ja- 
nuary 1770, ' 

. Fourthly, That we wiH not in> 
port, on our own account, or on 
commilfions, or purchafe of any 
who fhall import from any other 
colony in America, from January 
1760, to January J77o» any tea, 
gla^, paper, or other goods com* 
roonly imported from Great Britain. 

Fifthly, That we will not, from 
and after the ifl of January 1769* 
import into this province any tea, 
paper, glafs, or painters-colours, 
until the ad impoiing duties on 
thofe articles (hall be repealed. 

In witnefs whereof, we have 
hereunto fet our hands, this 
firft day of Anguft 1768. 

Nrw-Ttk, Sift. 1 J. The follow- 
ing refolves are agreed to by the 
tradefmen of this city, refleding on 
the falutary meafures entered into by 
the people in Bofton and this city> 



to reilrid the importation of goods 
from Great Britain, until the ads of 
parliament laying duties on piper, 
glafs. Sec, are repealed : and being 
animated with a fpirit of liberty, 
and thinking it our duty to exert 
ourfelves by all lawful means, to 
maintain and obtain our jud rigbts 
and privileges, which we claim un- 
der our moft excellent conftitution 
as Englifhmen, not to be taxed hot 
by our ownconfent, or that of our 
reprefentatives : and in order to 
fupport and fbengthen our neigh« 
hours, the merchants of this city, 
we the fubfcribers, uniting in the 
common caufe, do agree to and 
with each other, as follows : 

1. That we will . not ourfdvei 
purchafe, or uke any eoods or mer- 
chandize imported from Europe, 
by any merchant, dircdly or indi- 
reftly, contrary to the true intent 
and meaning of an agreement of 
the merchants of this city, on the 
27thof Auguft laft. 

II. That we will not ourfelves* 
or by any other means, buy any 
kind of goods from any merchant, 
ilorc-keeper, or retailer, (if «ny 
fuch there be) who (hall refufe to 
join with their brethren in figning 
the faid agreement ; but that we 
will ttfc every lawful means in our 
power to prevent our acquaintance 
from dealing with them. 

III. That if any merchant, in or 
from Europe, Ihould import any 

^ goods in order to fell them in this 
province, contrary to the above 
agreement, that we ourfelvet wiD 
by no means deal with fuch im- 
porters; and, as far at we can, b/ 
all lawful means, endeavour to dif- 
coorage the fale of fuch goods* 

IV. That we will endeavour to 

&11 upon fome expedient to make 

known 



For the YEAR 1768. 



C*3> 



known fuch importers or retailers 
i^ihall refufe to unite in maintain- 
ing and obtaining the liberties of 
their country. 

V. That we, his Majefty's moft 
dotifnl and loyal fubjedb, inhabi- 
tanu of the city of New- York, be- 
ing filled with love and gratitude to 
OUT prefentmoil gracious fovereign, 
and the highefl veneration for the 
Britiih confiitntion, which we unite 
to plead as our birch-bright, and are 
always willing to unite to fupport 
and maintain, give >it as our opi- 
nion, and are determined to deem 
thole perfons who (hall refufe to 
unite in the common caufe, as adl- 
iog the part of an enemy to the 
true intereft of Great Briuin and 
her colonies, and confequently not 
deferving the patronage of mer- 
chants or mechanics. 

Nrw^rorkt Sept. 5, 1768. 



PaoccEDiNGs at Boston, 
Fr^m the Nevj-Tork GaXetU of 
Motiilayt Sept, 26, 1768. 
£o/fo9, Sept. 19. 

At a meeting of the freeholders, 
and other inhabitants of the 
town of Bodon, legally qualified 
and warned in public town meet- 
ing aiTembled, at Fanenil-Hall, 
on Monday the 12 th of Sep-^ 
tember, A. D. 1768. 

The meeting was opened with 
prayer by the Rev. l)r. Cooper. 

The hon. James Otis, efq; was ana- 
niroottfly chofen moderator. 

I^HE petition of a confiderable 
nnmber of the refpd^ble 
inhabitants to the fele6l-men, dated 
the 8th inftant, praying chat the 
tovo might be forthwith legally 
convened, to enquire of his excel- 
k&cy the governor, the grounds and 



♦n 



reafons of fundry declarations made 
by him, that three regiments may 
be daily expelled ; two of them to 
be quartered in this town, and one 
at Caftle-William ; as alfo to con- 
fider of the mod wife> conftitu- 
tional, loyal, andfalutarymesUiires 
to be adopted on fuch an occafion^ 
vas read, whereupon the following 
vote was pafied : 

Whereas it has been reported in 
this town meeting, that his excel- 
lency the governor has intimated 
his apprehenfions that one or more 
regiments of hisMajefty's troops are 
daily to be expeded here : 

Fcte^t That the hon. Thomas 
Cufhing, efq; Mr. Samuel Adams, 
Richard Dana, efq; Ben j. Kent, efq; 
and Dr. Jofeph Warren, be a com- 
mittee, to wait upon his excellencyi 
if in town, humbly requeuing that 
he would be pleafed to communi- 
cate to the town the grounds and 
aiTu ranees he may have thereof. ' 

Upon a motion made and fe- 
conded, 

Foteef, That the following peti- 
tion be prefented to his excellency 
the governor; amd a committee was 
appointed for that purpofe, who 
were directed humbly to requeft his 
excellency to favour the town with 
an immeaiate anfwer. 
To his excellency Francis Bernard, 
efq; governor, &c. 

May it pleafe your excellency, 
nr H E ixmabitants of the town of 
^ Bofton, legally afTembled, mk- 
ing into confideraticm the critical 
ftate of the public affairs, more efpe- 
cially theprefent precarious fituation 
of our inraluable rights and privi- 
leges, civil and religious, moft hum- 
bly reqaeft that your excellency 
would be pleafed forthwith to iflne 
precepts for a eeneral aflembly, ta 









*^1 



ANNUAjL REGISTER 



be. convened with the ^^moft fpecd, 
^n order that fuch meafures may be 
l^k^ a^ in their wifdom itbey may 
thifik proper for the prefer vation of 
pur faid rights and privileges. 

And your petitiooers^ as in duty 
bound, SiC* 

Upon a motion made and iecond- 
cd, a committee was appointed to 
take the (late of oar public a^irs 
into coniideration, and report at the 
adjournment the meafures they ap- 
prehend moil faltttary to b^ takea 
in the pre(ent emergency. 

Adjourned till the next d^y ten 
o'clock, A« M. 

Tuefday, the 13th Sept. ten 
o*clock> A. M. met accordingly. 
nrH^ fOQUx^ittee appointed yef- 
tiprday towait apoahisexcdlency 
>vlth the petitidn ai^d requeli of thie 
towA, reported from his ejccellency 
%hfi fbllowing a^fwer in writing ; 

Gentlemen, 
VfY ap|prehenfio9Sthatfomeofhii 
^ Majefty's troops are to be ex- 
pelled in Bod on, arife from infor-» 
mation of a private nature ; I have 
received no public letters, notifyiag 
%o me the coming of JCuch troop$g 
and requiring quarters for them ; 
whenever I do, I (hall comm^icate 
them to his Majefly's council. 

The bufinefs of calling another 
afiembly for this year is now before 
the king, and I can do nothing in 
it until I receive his Ma je Ay's com* 
mands. FRA. BERNARD. 

The committee appointed to take 

the lUte of our public affairs into 

con£deratioo9 reported the Arf- 
' lowing declaration and refol yes. 
TyH£R£AS it is the firft prin- 
caple in civil fociety, founded 
ID gitnrc and reaibn, that no law 
«f the focie ty can be binding on aojf 
individual witho^u his coWenty iri« 
yen by hsmfelf in perfon, or by his 



feptefeotauve»jof hisown Srte eke* 
tions 

And #herea5 in and by an «d of 
the Britifh parliament, paflcd in die 
firA yearof^the reign ofJK. William 
and Ojeen Mary, of elorions aad 
bleifea memory, entitled. An ad 
declaring the rights and jibertiei 
of the fubje^, and fettling tfaefuc- 
eefiion of the crown ; the preamble 
of which ad is in thefe words, m. 
■ Whereas the late king James the 
Second, by the afliilance of diwea 
eyil connfellors, jodffet, and minis 
fters, emi^oyed by him, did endea- 
vour to fabvert and -extirptte the 
proteftant religion, andthelawsand 
liberties of this kingdom f it is ex- 
prefsly, among other things, declar- 
ed. That the levying money for the 
ufe of the crown, by pretence of 
prerogative, without gfaot of pir* 
liament, for a longer time or in 
other manner than the fame is 
granted, is illegal : 

AxhI whereas in the third year of 
the reign of the fame king William 
and queen Mary, their Majeftics 
were gracioofly pleafed. by their 
royal charter, to give and grant to 
the inhabitanu of this his Majeily's 
province, all the territory therein 
deicribed, to be holden in free and 
common foccage : and aUb to or- 
dain and grant to the faid inhabi- 
tants certain rights, liberties* and 
privileges thereineypre£sl)fm€ntion- 

ed : among which it isgraiKed» eila- 
bli(bod« and ordained, that all and 
every the fobje^s of tliem, their 
heiff^aiid fnccefibrs, which Aall go 
to Bokabit within the ikid province 
and territory, and every of their 
«hildrea» which ihall happen to be 
born there, or on the feis in going 
ihicher, or returning from thence* 
ImII havf Md enjoy all liberties and 
immnnities of free and natoral fnb- 

jeas. 



For the YEAR 1768. 



f*39 



je£b» widtto any of the domioioiis 
oFdieiiy their heits and fucceflbrs^ 
to aU intena, parpofest and con« 
firnffions whatever^ as if they and 
erexy of them were bora witbin 
the reaUa of Enr land : 

And whereas by the aforefaidad 
of parliament^ made in the£rft year 
of the faid king William and queen 
Mary« all and un^ular the premtfcs 
contained therein are daimed, 
demanded, and iniiilcd od» as 
the nndottbted rights and liber* 
ties of the fabjeds barm within the 
realm: 

And whereas the freeholden 
and other inhabitants of. this town, 
tke metropolis of the province in 
tke ikid charter mentioned* do 
hold all the rights and liberties 
therein contained to be (acred and 
iDYiolable : at the fame time pub« 
lackJy and folenmly ackoowledg* 
tflg tfaeir firm and onihaken alle* 
giance to their alone rightful fove^ 
reign king Oeofge the third, the 
kwfal focceflbr of the £ud king 
William and qneen Mary to the 
Bdttfh chpones Therefore* 

Ri^<vul, That the faid free* 
I holders and other inhabitants of 
the town of Bofton. will, at the 
atmoft peril of their lires and for* 
tones, take all legal and con.Utn- 
tional mealores to defend and main* 
tain the perfon, family, ctoao* 
and dignity of our (aid foverd^n 
lord George the third ; and all 
and fingmkr the rights, liberties, 
' |>nn<e^es, and immunities, granted 
ia the utid royal charter ; 4s well 
thofe which are declared to be be- 
longing to us as Britiih fuhjefU by 
hirth-r^hc, as atl others therein 
ipccially mentioned. 

And whereas bjrthe faid royal 
chatter it is fpecially granted to 
the great and general court or 



aSembly therein conflituted, to 
impofe and levy proportionable and 
reafonable afiefiinents, rates, and 
taxes, upon the eft^tes and perfons 
of aU and every the proprietors 
and inhabitants of the faid pro- 
vince or territory* for%he fervice 
of the king, in the neceflary de* 
fence and fupport of his govern- 
ment of the province, and the pro- 
tedion and prefervation of his fub- 
jc£ls therein ; Therefore, 

VoaJt As the opinion of this ■ 
town, that the levying money 
within this province for the uie 
and fervice of the crown, in other 
manner than the fame is granted 
by the great and general court or 
aUembly of this province, is in 
violation of the faid royal charter ; 
and the fame is alfo in violation of ' 
the undoubted natural rights of 
fubjefls, declared in the aforeOdd 
ad of parliament, freely to give 
and grant their own money for the 
fervice of the crowa, with their 
own confent, in perfon, or by rc- 
prefentatives of their own free 
ele£Uon. 

And whereas in the aforefaid aft 
of parliament it is declared, that 
the railing or keeping a (landing 
army within the kingdom, in time 
of peace, unlefs it be with the 
content of parliament, is againft 
law ; it is the opinion of this 
town, that the faid declarations 
are founded in the indefeafible 
rieht of the fabjedb to be confuU* 
e(C and to give their free confent, 
in perfon, or by reprefentatives of 
their own free eledion, to the 
railing and keeping a (landing ar- 
my amoD*' them ; and the inha- 
bitants of this town, being tree 
fubjedi, have the fame right, de* 
rivcJ from nature, and confirmed 
by the Britifb conflitution, as well 



A^O] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



as the faid royal charter; and 
therefore the raifing or keeping a 
{landing army, without their con-' 
ft nt, in pcrfon, or by reprefcnta* 
t ves of their own free elcAion, 
would be an infringement of their 
natural, confHtutional, and char- 
ter rights i and the employing 
fuch arts for the enforcing of laws 
made without the confent of the 
people, in perfon, or by their 
reprcfcnutives, would be a griev- 



ance. 



The foregoing report being di- 
vers times dillinftly read, and con- 
fidered by the town, the queftion 
was put, Whether the fame (hall 
be accepted and recorded ? and 
paiTed unanimoudy in the aiHrma- 
tive. 

Upon a motion made and fe- 
conded, the following vote wa$ 
unanimoufly pafled, viz. 
•^rHEREAS by an aft of par- 
liament of the firft of king 
William and queen Mavy, it is 
declared, that for the redrcfs of all 
grievances, and for amending, 
itrcngthcnin^j, and preferving the 
laws, parliaments ought to be 
held frequently ; and inafmuch as 
it is the opinion of thij> town, that 
the people labour under many into- 
lerable grievances, which, nnlei^ 
fpeedily redrefTed, threaten the 
total deHru^iofi of our invaluable, 
natural, conilitntional, and charter 
lights : 

And furthermore, as his excel- 
lency the governor has declared 
himfelf onable, at the reqneft of 
this towQi to call a general court, 
which is the aflembly of the fiatet 
of this province for the redrefs of 
fuch grievances: 

AV/#V, Thar this town will now 
r.iw!;; choice of a fui table number 



of perfons, to z&. for them af a 
committee in convention with fnch 
as may be fent to join them from 
the feveral towns in this province, 
in order that fuch meafures may be 
confulted and advifed, as hb ma-* 
jetty's fervice, and the peace and 
fafety of the fubjcfts in the pro- 
vince, may require. 

Whereupon the hon. James 
Otis, efq. hon. Thomas Cufiitng, 
efq. Mr. Samuel Adams, and John 
Hancock, efq. were appointed a 
committee for the faid purpofe; the 
town hereafter to take into confi-^ 
deration what recom pence fhall be 
made them for the fervice they may 
perform, 

J^otet^, That the fele^ men be 
direftcd to write to the feleft men 
of the feveral towns within this 
province, informing them of the 
foregoing vote ; and to propofe 
that a convention be held, if ciiey 
fhall think proper, at Faneoil-halU 
in this town, on Thurfday the a ad 
of September ioft. at ten o'clock 
bcfore-noon. 

Upon a notion made and fe* 
conded, the following vote wa$ 
paflbd by a very great majority, 
viz. 

WHEREAS by an aft of par- 
liament of the firft of king 
William and qaeen Mary, it is de- 
clared, that the fubjefls being pro- 
tettants, may have arms for their 
defence; it is the opinion of this 
town, that the faid declaration is 
founded in nature, reafon, and found 
policy, and is well adapted for the 
neceflary defence of the community. 
And fbrafmnch as, by a good 
and wholefome law of this pro- 
vince, every lifted foldier, and 
othcl- honfeholder (except troopers, 
who by law are oiherwife to be 

provided) 



For the YEAR 1768. 



241] 



ynmded) Qiall be always provided 
with a well*fixed firelock* maiket, 
accootremettts and ammanitiony as 
is io the faid law particalarly men- 
tioned, to the fatisfaCtion of the 
coBuniffion officers of the company : 
and as there is at this time a pre- 
raiKog apprehenfion in the minds 
of many, of an approaching war 
with France i in order that the in* 
habitants of this town amy be pre- 
pared in cafe of fudden danger ; 
/W« That thofe of the faid inha^ 
Ktants, who may at prefent be un« 
proridcd, be> and hereby are, re- 
qteftad daly to obferve the faid law 
at this time. 

The hoa. Thomas Cofhing« 
efq. communicated to the town a 
letter received from a committee 
of the merchants in the city of 
New- York* acquainting him with 
their agreement relative to a nonr 
nnportation of Britiih goods ;— — ^ 
Whereapon the town, by a vote* 
etpreflcd their higheft fatisfadion 
(kerein. 

The town taking into ferions 
confideration the prefent afped of 
their public idf^irs, and being of 
opinion that it greatlv behoves 
a people profeffing goalindfs* to 
addrels the Supreme Ruler of the 
worki, on all occafions, for that 
wifdom which is profitable to di- 
rea: 

roi4J unanimonfly. That the fe- 
left .men be a committee to wait on 
the feveral minifters of the gofpel 
within this town* defiring that the 
next Tnefday may be fet apart as 
I day of failing and prayer. 

Ordttrd, Tlut the votes and 
proceedings of the town in their 
prefent meeting be publilhed in the 
icvcral news-papers. 

The town voted their thanks to 
(he moderator for his gpod fer- 

I 



vices* and then the meeting was 
diflblved. 
Atteil* 

W. CCXDPER, Town-clerk; 



Thifillo^ng is a copy of the circular 
Utter y 'written hy the /eleff-mert of 
this tonvn, and direiled to the filed- 
pun cf the fiveral to^vns nuithin 
this produce; agreeahle to a vote 
at the meeting en the lyh infi. 

Gentlemen, Bofton, Sept. 14. 

YOU are already too well ac- 
quainted with the melan- 
choly and very alarming circum- 
fiances to which this province, as 
well as America in general* is now 
reduced. Taxes, equally detri- 
mental to the commercial interefts 
of the parent country and her co- 
lonies* are impofed upon the peo- 
ple, without their confent : taxes 
defigned for the fapport of the civil 
government in the colonies, in a 
manner clearly unconftitutional, 
and contrary to that in which, till 
of latei government has been fup- 
ported, by the free gift of the peo- 
ple in the American aflemblies or 
parliaments ; as alfo for the main- 
tenance of a large ftanding army ; 
not for the defence of the newly- 
acquired territories, but for the old 
colonies* and in time of peace; 
The decent* hcmible, and truly 
loyal applications and petitions 
from the reprefentatives of this pro- 
vince, for the redrefs of thefe heavy 
and verv threatening grievances, 
have hitherto been ineifeaual* be- 
ing afifured from authentic intelli- 
gence that they have not vet reach- 
ed the rojral ear ; the only effeft of 
traafmittmg thefe applications hi- 
therto perceivable* has been a 
(Btudate from one of his majeily's 

fecrctarics 



H^] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



feoretariet of fttte to the governor 
of this province, to diOblvf the 
general affepably, merely beoBEttfe 
the late houfe of reprefaatatives 
refofed to refcind a rcfolotion of 
a former hoafe, whicli implied 
Bodiiiig more thaa a right in the 
American iub|edft to onice in hiun- 
Ue and dutiful petitions to their 
gracious fovereigo> when tbey 
found themselves aggrieved; this 
is a right naturally inherent in^ 
every man» and exprefsly recog- 
nised nt the glorious Revoidtion 
as tha birth-ngfat of as Engliih- 
man* 

This diflbltttion yon are feiifibla 
fcas taken places the eovornor hat 
pnUicly and repeatedly dedated 
that he cannot call another af^ 
femblyi and the feereury of ftate 
far ilU American de paiM oe a t, in 
4»t of his letters comtnnnkated 
to the kle houfe» has bccm pleafed 
to fay, * proper care uiU bt taken 
tbr the fapport of the dignity of 
government;' the meaning of 
which is too plain to be mifan- 
dcrfiood. 

The concern and perplexity into 
which thefe things have thrown the 
people, have been greatly aggT««> 
vatcd by a late declaration ^ his 
excellency governor Bernard* chat 
one or more regiments way fooa 
be expeded in this province. 

The defigtt of thefe troopa is 
every one's apprehenfic^ ; nothing 
Ihort of eaforciw by military power 
theexocutite of a6bi of parliament, 
in the forming of which the co* 
loaies have not, and cannot kave^ 
any conftitutiosal ioftuence. This 
is one of the greateft diftreffas to 
which a free people can be re* 
duced. 

The town which we have the 
Jhoooor to kTt€, have tabew iMe 



tbingi at tMr kte orteftiag 
their snoft ftrkmi eonlldonRMK 
and OS there it an the odmiB of 
sMmy a prevmiMng mppreheofion of 
an appranching wnr with Fraacew 
tlieyhare paflSi tlie ftvetal votet, 
which we traBteittoyoo, defirin^ 
that chev smiy iw immtdiatety kid 
before (tie tofwn wiiofe jprodentialo 
are in yoor oaie, at a te^al «(ee»« 
ing, for tkeir candid and partico^ 
fair attentioik 

Deprived of the cooncils of m 
general afibiMy in thb dark atii 
diiicok foafoo» the loyal peofit 
of this province will, we are po^ 
fuaded, immediately perceive tko 
propticty and otility of the j>ro* 
pofod coaMiittee and conventi<» t 
a^d the found and wholefomt ad« 
vice that may be expeded fkom o 
number of genttemen chofm by 
themieWes, and io whom they mmf 
Ttpok the greaceft conlideiiee> noil 
tend to the real <brvice of oor gra- 
cious fotereigo, and the we\hx^ 
of hb fubjeSs in this province* 
and mav Iwppity prevent ^ny fod- 
den and nnconneCled moaf«res> 
which in their preftiitan«Hty»aii4 
even agony of mind, they omy fut 
in danger of falling into. 

As it i^ of importance that tlio 
convention (ho^fd meet as foon 01 
may be, fo early a day as the aa4 
of this inftant September has beem 
popofed for that porpofe^^^md it 
is hoped the remoteft towns wiB 
by that time, oi* as toon after ao 
conveniently may be, retam their 
pefpedlve committees. 

Notdoabtiiig but that yon are • 
eqaally concefned with os, And 
onr fetlow^itiaens, for the pie- 
fervation of oar invaluable righ«t« 
and for the general hap^nefsof 
oor conntry, and tliat yo« are 
difpoM with e^oal o^flwr to exert 

yourfelvci 



Far the YEAR 17^8. [243 

youfelves in eveiy confiitttaonl bftfaefdeft-meB, csmmvaicMedto 

way for fo gloriow « jturpofe. thb town,-whicfa bni^ read calm* 

Signed bjr the leled*meii. Iv, and Mly deliberated and confi- 

oered, the q aeRion was then pdt bjr 

fit yUbwraf i^ieki rf mttUignict «•« moderator. Whether thb town 

Jhm Bc/m «r» tmitm/rm tht (km "^'^^ chnfe any perfon or perTou a 

tapir. conumttee to meet in cosrentiaii 




are in confeqnence of letters wrote ~~ .l " ""' "4 . "J rJ^TJli \i^I 
here on the loth of March laft. V* ••"" ™^«* "^ feconded, that 

On Thurflay next there will be *^J^!«"S "*«'* 'J"£ * '"S^ 

ageneral mafterof theregiment in "'^^ T-PTfl;'^ f tf .? w 

thl town ; and, we hear, a critical £?.;'?*"£ !°*?"? "i? J"** j*" 

Tiew of the ar,;s of the foldier*. S^S riirJ^StK ^?^^"' 

Monday in the night the 00ft Lu'^Pr^Sfit^^^Sll 

wrre^^Lirrin^nS:: s^f^^^t^^^^-^r^:^ 

rable. but difcoven the evil difpo- T^^Zlt^^ !^-" '"i 1- .1^ 
fition of the perpetrators of foA a **"" *'** "f ""f •«»JO«r"^ «" «>- 
lafe a^o *^ ■'^ Bjorrow at fire o'clock in the aftet- 

J^^ ^'"Haaff" Tl Y* r!i "s^Pt- »3- The inhabiunt. being 
l''a:?r/r«;VW" -f-Wagreeabletp.dp«nH»ent! 
/ ^w t! 7> v^ Z A '^l **»« committee appointed yvfterdav 

/« is^ /*« «/«yrr«. ] ^^ ^^ j^jy eonfidcred; was tiL 

- — _— — cepted ; and then ananimonfly le. 

'^4^-^in'r.rr £r:*«bttheSeSiSrift;:2 

cmBmcmt upon many of ibetr late 

tran/tUhons that has yet appeared i Gentlemen, 

^^'xc^/r ii Vj^^ teftimonialo/ -^g ,^^^ ^jj confiaercd JOiir 

^^ good jenje ana moderation that ▼ ? woDolal of a conventiM tnd 

ff "^ tf^ i'u'^ '-C 'K'"^; the i^ons you are plea<«d to kgn 

^\tf^£^. " *''^^^»" for it, and hereby t^ the libenylo 

f»m ,bt mffacbupu Cmutu ^ *^*"SSSfiWe that the Unto 
Thwr/dcj. oachr 6, 1 768. ^ ^^^i„ ., f^ ,urmmg. or the 

At 1 fall meeting of the inhabt* fiate of this province (b aateriallf 

tAou of the towB of Hatfield, different from what they were a few 

September zz, 1 768. snonths fiace, as<o render the mca« 

A Letter from the fded^men of Aire yoo propofe either falotarj or 

the town of Bofton, together neceffiury. The ad of parliameat 

with the votes pafied by tht faid for nufing a revenae, fomachcom- 

lowm iho sath and i}th iaft. ivaif plained of, hat been ia being and 

carrying 



244] 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



carrynng into execution for a con- 
fiderable time pafl, and proper Aeps 
taken by feveral governments on . 
ihis coatinent to obtain redrefs of 
that grievance ; and hamble peti- 
tions by them ordered to be prefent- 
ed to hb majefty, we truft, have 
already, or foon will reach tlie 
royal car, be gracioufiy received, 
and favourably anfwered ; and the 
petition from the houfe of reprc* 
ieetatives of this province- the lall 
year among the reft : if it ihould 
not, for warit of an agent from 
this province at the cpurt of Great 
Britain to prefeut it, we prcfumc 
you very well know, if it be an 
impolitic and imprudent omiflion, 
-where to lay the blame; and we 
apprehend that nothing that can or 
will be done by your propofed 
convention can or w ill aia the pe- 
tition. 

And here we beg leave to fay, that 
wc judge that it would be much for 
the interett of this province ^o have 
an aeent at this critical day ; a per* 
fon tnat would have ferved \l% faith- 
fully, wc make no doubt, might 
have been found ; but the realbns 
given, and the methods we hear 
have been taken, to prevent it, arc 
diflatisfadory, and give us much 
oneafinels. 

We are furt^ier informed, that 
all matters of a public nnd private 
nature, lying before the lall gene- 
ral court, were fully confidered and 
a(fted upon, and all then propofcd to 
be done, finilhed before che adjourn- 
ment, except the impeachment of 
his majcfty'i reprefentative, which 
perhaps mightnot have been agreed 
to had they fat longer, or not been 
aiter wards diifolved. We a^e ior- 
ly for that circumllance that occi- 
ficned fo early a difiu^ition of the 
gcacial court i though wc muft 



own, that the governor, by char- 
ter, is vefted with that power ; yet 
we wi(h, if he had judged it con- 
fident with-hw^ty to the king, it 
had been as ufual ; however, we 
hope another will foon be called, or 
at fartheft on the laft Wednefday ia 
M'lynext; and that in the mean 
time the public af^ir^ of the pro- 
vince will not greatly fuffer. 

And here we projx^fetoyonrcon- 
fideration, whether the circular let- 
ter, which gave fuch umbrage, con- 
taining theic expreflions, or others 
of the like import, ' that the king 
and parliament, by the late revenue 
aO, had infringed the rights ofth^ 
colonies, impofed an inequitable 
tax, and things yet worfe might be 
expe^ed from the independence and 
unlimited appointments of crowa 
officers therein mentioned,' was (b 
perfeftly innocent, and entirely 
confiAent with that duty and loyalty 
profefFed by the houfe of represen- 
tatives the laft year, in their petiti- 
on to his majefty ; and whether tJic 
laft houfe might not have complied 
with his majefty's requifition, wltk 
a full faving of all their rights and 
privileges, and thereby prevented 
our being deftitute ot a general 
court at this day. 

We caiiHot comprehend what 
prrtcnce there can be of the pro- 
posed convention, unlefs the pro- 
Ijahllity for a confiderable number 
of regular troops being fent into 
.this province, and an apprehen- 
fion of their being quartered, part 
in your town, and part at the 
caftle.—- And here wc would ob- 
ferve, that it whs a matter of doubt 
and uncertainty whether any were 
coming or not ; if othcrwifc, far 
what purpofc the king was fend- 
ing them, whether for your de- 
fence in caf^ of a French war (as 

yon 



For the YEAR 1768. 



[h3 



yoa tell us there is in jthe minds, 
of many a picvailine apprchen- 
fioo of one approsiching, and, if 
wc don't mifuuderftaad vour letter, 
induced them to pafs the votes 
tran(mitted to us), or whether 
they are defiin^ for the protec- 
tion of the new acquired territo- 
ries, is altogether uncertain : that 
they are to be a landing army in 
time of peace, you give us no evi- 
dence; and if your apprehenfions 
are well grounded, it is not even 
iiippoiable they are intended as 
iuch— »and if your toun meant 
fincerely, we can't fee the ii,eed 
they had of interpofmg in military 
matters, in an unprecedented way 
re(|oefting their inhabitants to be 
provided with arms. Sec. (a matter 
til] now always fuppofcd to be- 
loog to another department), efpe- 
ciafly as they mull know fach a 
nomber of troops would be ^a much 
bettrr defence in cafe of war than 
thev had heretofore been favoured 
with: to fuppofe what you iur< 
miie they may be intended for, is 
to miiboll the king's paternal 
urt and goodnefs ;-^f> by any 
fodden excurfions or infurredlions 
offome inconfiderate people, the 
king has been induced to think 
them a necefiar^ check upon you» 
we hope you will, by your loyalty 
and quiet behaviour, foon con- 
vince has majcily, and the world, 
they are not longer nece£ary for 
that pnrpofe, that thereupon they 
win be withdrawn, and your town 
and the province faved any farther 
trouble and expencc from that 
quarter. 

We are fenfible the colonies la- 
bour wider many difficnlties, and 
we greatly fear what the confe- 
qtiences of the difputes with our 
nunhcr country will prove ; how- 



ever, we are far from thinking tne 
meafures you aiC purfuing have 
any tendency to deliver the good 
people of this province, but, on 
the contrary', immcrge them in 
greater; — after all, we (hould 
hope (were it not for your prdent 
attempt, attended with a bad com- 
plexion) we might foon have de- 
liverance from our prefent trou- 
bles, and things reilored as at the 
firft. The governments have, in 
our opinion, confulted, and arc 
poifuing, the properefl methods to 
obtain redrefs of their grievances ; 
our duty is to wait with patience 
rtie event, unlcfs wc are determin- 
ed to take the alternative. How 
far pafGon and difappointment, 
and private refentment, may in- 
fluence any to hurry their neigh- 
bours into fuch mad and deipe- 
rate meafures, we don't know, 
but pray God prevent. Suffer us 
to obferve, that in our opinion the 
meafures the town of fioflon are 
purfuing, and propofing to us and 
the people of this province to unite 
in, are unconlHtutional, illegal, 
and wholly nnjuftifiable, and what 
will eive the enemies of our con- 
(litution the greateil joy, fubver- 
five of government, deftru^ive of 
that peace and good order which 
is the cement of fociety, and have 
a direct tendency to rivet our 
chains, and deprive us of our rights 
and privileges, which we the inha- 
bitants of this town deiire may be 
fecured to as, and perpetuated to 
our lateft pofterity. 

Thus we have freely expreffed 
oar fentiments, having an equal 
right with others, though a leiTer 
part of the community, and take 
this firil opportunity to. pfKell 
agaxnft the propofed convention 
-—and hereby declare out loyalty 

10 



a46] 



ANNUAL REGtSTER 



to-bit prefient msjeftv* and fidelity 
to our country ; and th^t it it our 
firm rdolojtioiii to the ntmoft of 
our power, to nuiatain and defend 
our rigkts in every pradent and 
xeafonable way» as £ur as is con« 
fiftent with ottrdiUy to God and 
the king. 

Atteft, 

Oliver Partridge, towo-derk* 

Bo/httf Sept. 26. 
Oa Thurfday laft, the 226 iidlaKt> 
a iMunber of gentUmen, upwards 
of feventy, n'om che dif&rent 
parts of this province, aCem-^ 
bled at Fancuil-hall in this 
town ; thefe gentlenen*. by^ the- 
appointment of the feveral 
towns to which they belong, to 
the number of fixty-fioc towus 
befides diflrids, then* and there 
convened, to confnit and ad« 
vife the moft efteAual meafures 
for promoting the peace and 
good order of his majefty's fub^ 
je6ls in the. province, as far as 
they lawfully might, under the 
prefent very dark and threaten- 
ing aipeft of the public affairs. 
The debutes and proceedings 
use opeu: their firfl fttpwa^to 
prepare a» humble petition to 
the govemof of the province, 
praying that his excellency 
would be^ pleafed to convene- 
the cooftkucumalaCembly of the' 
province; and three of thetrnum*- 
oer w«re ^poiuced to prefent the 

fame- 
The Petition is at jbllowsi^ via. 

May it pkafie your excdieocy^ 
npHE committee chofen by the- 
^ feverai towns iu this province, 
and nour convened in Boft<h>, to* 
couAdt and advifb foch naeafuree 
as may moft efiedtually promote 
die peace und> good ordcpof 



majefly's fubjcAs in this govern- 
ment, at this very dark and diG- 
trefiing time, take the earliefl 
opportanity, openly to difdaim all 
pretenQe to any authoritative or 
govermental a^ ; neverthelefs, as 
we freely and voluntarily com^ 
from the different parts of tne 
province, at the eameft de£re of 
the inhabitants, and muft be fup- 
pofed to be well acquainted with 
their prevailine temper, inclina- 
tion, and fenfUments, under the 
prefent threatening* afpe^l of our 
public affairs, we think oarfelves 
Mdifpenfably obliged, f^om a fenfe 
of duty to his majefty, to whom 
we, and the people of this pro- 
vince, bear tlie firmeft allegiance, 
and from the tenderefl concern for 
the> welfere of his fnbjefh, with 
ailduerefped to your' excellcucy, 
to declare our apprehenfions of 
the abfc^ute neceffity of a general 
aflembly. 

If- ever this people needed the 
diredion, the care, andthefuppott 
of fuch an aflembly, we are hum- 
bly of opinion that their prefent 
circumfbuces immediately require 
it. 

Your excellency cannot be ia« 
fenfiMe of their nniverfal uneaft- 
nefs^ arifing from their gjiev an ccy 
occafidned by the late ads of par* 
liament for an American revenue : 
fn>m- an authentic infbrmatioB 
that the dj^ttful and loyal petition 
of the ^ kfcte houfe ^ reprcfcnta-* 
tives has not been aHbwed to 
reach theprefence of our gnicioi^ 
king: fftmi the diffblotion of the 
late general affembly; from un- 
doubted advice that the 1 enemies 
of Britain, and the coloniesj^ are 
fHll unwearied in the moil' groTs 
nnfreprefentations of the people 
of die province to hit majeftyv 

minifterc. 



For tKe YEAR 1768. 



1*47 



Bttll1WCft» M bctllj^ OR tAC C^ITC OX 

m genend infitfreQion: tnd froin 
tkf ilmoiog mtdli^eiKe Aftt thet 
Btioa^ b^r meant of fochmili^ 
preTcnoiuoDfl^ b tnceafsd to a 
AS^ degree, fo thtt it is ^nerall; 
appreliended that a ftat»diitg army*- 
B immediately to be intiodoced 
amons the people, contrafy, as wo 
ammnd, to die btlt of rirht^- 
a rorce reprefeated to be Aimcient 
to orerawe asd controttl the whole 
civil power of the p io v taee ; 
wliich mvttt reader erery rigjlu 
lad poflbffioii dreadftilly preoa- 
nooBfe. 

^ From thefts weighty coirfdera- 
fism^p and aUb that the people 
maj oot be thrown info a total 
ddoair; that the^ may have a 
Mh epportttoity, at die aext 
mBednr of the parKament, of tak«. 
hg o# the impreflkm horn the 
and of die natioii, made by Aich 
snrepfetetttatioiif as are beiore 
aMatiooedy aad oy that meaos 
avevotttiBg the nott nahappy eon* 
>e^aeac€8~ to the paieitt coontry, 
aiwettasooHelves; we beg^ leave 
uok eameftfy to pray, that yoac 
ta ecl te at y wo«rid GOvmRtTerate his 
iMJefty's traly loyal fubjedt of 
till province ander their deplo* 
nh^ ci r cttrn ft m ces, and reftqre to 
dMm the full pofiefion of their 
iaraluable ehaiter-right to a ge- 
BCtal afiembly, and eaafe one to 
he immediately convened, that 
dbt aoft efeAnal meafores may 
he taken, in the manner prefer ib« 
^ by oor happy conOitation, 
fer theeedrttf^ of grievances, for 
thi preventing an nnconftitatibnal 
•ncrotchment of military power 
on th; civil eftabhflnRent, for the 
P*oaH)ting the profperity of his 
aajetyS covemment, and the 
P<i€t, good order, and due fub> 



Qitffionof hisfubjefts in the pw 
vince, and makrag the neceflary 
provi&on for the fbpnort of go- 
vernment; and, finally, for the 
reftoration of that harmony, onion,, 
aikd affection, between the nar 
tton and the colonies, which ap- 
pear to OS to be in the utmoft dan* 
ger of being totally and irreco- 
verably loft.— As in duty boand« 
the committee fhall ever jpray. 

In the name and behalf of th^ 
committee, 

Thomas Otfhing, chairman* 

Ifis exceHeucjr was pleaftd to de- 
cline receiving the petition; 
but delivered to the gentlemen 
the foBqwing writing, viz. 
Gentlemen, 
< "^OU mnft ezcnie me from 
J. receiving a meflage fiom 
that aifembly which is. called a 
committee of convendon ; for thaic 
would be to admit it to be a legal 
afihnbly, which I can by no means 
allow.* 

The ftid writing not being 
figned by the governor,^ the gen- 
tlemen, at die requcft of the com- 
mittee, declared in writing, under 
their hands* that his excellency 
delivered the fame to diem, ij^ 
confeonence of their ofiBexing tq 
him the petition. 

The day fbjlowing, the chair-^ 
man acouainted the c^ommittee^ 
that he had recei.ired of thefecre- 
tary of the province a writing 
iigned by the governor, dated ye? 
terday, which was publicly read, 
and is as follows: 

By his excellency FRANCIS 9ER. 
NAR0, cfq; captain-gencraj 
and governor in chief of the 
province of MaAchqfetts^bay^ 
aad vice-admiral of the fiime. 

To 



«5o] 



ANNUALREG I* S T E R, 1 768. 



Yoot excellency ihay be tie- 
red, that had t>ttr conftittteots con- 
ceivedj or did their committee 
thus convened conceive^ this pro- 
ceeding to be illeeah they had 
licver lent us, nor ihouW we j>re- 
tetid to continue our convention : 
but as your excellency* in the 
meflage with which you have been 

})lttSoi to favour us, has not been 
b explicit in pointing out the 
criminality of our prefent proceed- 
^g as we could have wiihed, but 
has left us to our own Judgment 
and under/landing to fearch it 
out, we would, with all duty to 
your excellency as the reprefen- 
tative of our rightful foverei^n, 
lequeft of your excellenc^r to point 
dut to us wherein the criminality 
of our proceedings confifts, being 
iliffiired we ^autiouily mean to a- 
vdld every thing that has the leaft 
Appearance of afumtion of go* 
vemmentin any of its branches* 
or any of the rights of hit majef- 
ty*s fbvereignty» or that is in the 
jeaft incentive to rebellion* or even a 
mental difaflfef^ion to the govern- 
ment by law eibiblUhed and cxer- 
«fed. 

' Yoor excellency will be pleafed, 
iti your well-known knowledge of 
human nature, and the deUcacy 
of Briti(h privileges, to be fparing 
in your frowns on pur prefent 
proceeding; we beini; at ^efent 
nicHned to think, till better in- 
formed, that if criminatity be im« 
putcd to U9, it will be applied 
only to our doings, and not to the* 
profeffed manner and defign of 
our meeting! but if your excel- 
lency has a different apprehenfion 
of the matter, we entreat an ex- 
planation of the fai^, and aiTure 
your excellency we ihall delibe- 
xdteiy attend to it. Nothing could 



give lis 'more uneifinefs than t 
luggeftion that our proceedings 
are criiniiial : not fo much fnma 
fear df perfonal puniihmenc* as 
from a fixed averfion we have to any 
thing iiitonfiftent with the dignity 
of onriovereign, and the hai^inefs 
of his extended dominion ; nnd we 
flatter ourfelves, that whoi the real 
defign of this Convention is under- 
ftood, it will prove an ar^gumeoc 
to evince the entire loyalty of his 
majefty^s fubjedU in this province, 
and their difpofitioil to pence and 
good order. 

In the name and behalf of the 
Committee of '4 nomber of 
towns in this province, con- 
vened in Bolton, Sept. 241' 
1768. 
* Tho. Cushikg, Chairman. 

Tlieie gentlemen reported alfo 
in writing, that they had according- 
ly waited on his excellency, and 
tnar he was pleafed to fay he oouM 
not receive the meilage. 

The committees then appointed 
nine gentlemen of their namber, 
to confider «nd report the mod 
effectual meafitres, confiftent with 
the exprefs defign of their conven- 
ing, to promote the peace and 
^^kI order of his majefty's fubjeds 
in the province. 

This committee having made their 
report on the 26111, a letter, 
with a reprefentation of their 
' tranfildions -.and mevances* in 
which was indoled a petition 
to his majefty, to be ddivered 
in perfon, was forwarded to 
their agent Denys de Bert* ei^f. 
in London, and on the tpth the 
convention difperfed. At this 
convention, committees from 9S 
towns, and eight diftridU* . were 
psrfent. 

Am 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. 251] 



Jtm tJdnfs ef the fubfcrihen^ mun* 
hrf tf his m€^tfif% cdktuil of 
ibi fnvhuM of 4b€ Maffachujetts 

l^) his excellency ^nenJ Ga^e^ 
connnander in chief ^ his ma* 
Y&f^ forces in America. 
SIR, 

A General conncil being held' 
yefterday, gives the diftant 
members of it, together with mem- 
bers in the tovm and neighboor* 
hood, the pleafare of addreffing 
joo. We take the firft opportanity 
of doing tt> and at the fame time, 
tf paying onr compliments to your 
emUency. • 

In this tintt of public diftrefs, 
when the general court of the 
pronnce is in a ftate of diffdotion, 
when the metropolis is poffdTed 
with troops, andiurronndedby ftdps 
of war, a!nd when more troops are 
4tily expelled, it affords a general 
U&^on, that your excellency 
has Tifited the province, and has 
BOW an opportunity of knowing the 
iite of it by your own obfervation 
tad inquiry. 

Your own obTervaiion will gifve 
TOtt the fnlleft evidence that the 
town and ^mvince are in a peaceful 
iue. Your own inquiry wUlfatisfy 
70Q, that, though there have teen 
diforders in the town of Bofton; 
ioBie of them did not merit notice ; 
Md that fnch as did, have been 
aagmfied beyond the truth. 

Thofe 6f the i8rh of March, 
nd loth of lune, are (aid to have 
occafiof^ed the above-mentioned 
in&iment to be ordered hither. 
The firft was nivial, and could 
Mt have bem noticed to the dtf-^ 
adraatt^ of the town, but by 
fvfeni inimical to it ; efpccialiy, 
**it haopened in the evening of 
* ^X of recreation : the other 



criminal, and the adbrs in it were 
gttiltyof a riot; but we are obliged 
to (ay, it had its rife from thofe 
perfons who are lotideft in their 
ccmiptaints about it, and who, 
by their overcharged reprefenta- 
tiofc of it, have been the occafion 
of fo great an armament being^ 
ordered hither; we cannot per* 
fuade ourfelves to believe they have 
fuiHcient evidence to (upport fuch 
reprefenta tlonr, which have mofb un« 
juftly brought into queftionthe loy-' 
alty of as loyal a people as any la 
his.majefty's dominions.. 

This misfortune has arifen from 
the accufation of interefled men, 
whofe avarice, having fmothered 
in their, breaib every Tentiment of 
hnmai|ity towards this province* 
has impelled them to - oppreis it 
to the< atmoft of their power, and 
by. the confequence of that ' op* 
preffion, eflentially to injuce Great 
Britain. . ' . • 

From* the candour of your exr 
cellency's Icntiments, we afiilre 
ourf^^s vdaiwill nOf entertain 
any apprehenfion that we mean to 
joftify'the diibrders and riotous 
proceedings that idcve taken place 
m the town of BoftOn$* we deteil 
them, and haw repeatedly and 
publicly expie£M that deteftation, 
andi inconncil» have advifed go- 
vernor Bernard to order the attor** 
ney-general x» pro(ecute the per- 
netratort of Inem; but, at ther 
lame time, we are obliged to de* 
dare, ii| inlb^e to the town, that 
the diforders of the loth of June 
laH, occafioned hy a fcifare mado 
by the officers of the cuftoras, ap- 
pear to have originated with thole 
who ordered the feiAire to he 
made. The liquf 'oF makiftg the 
feiihre, •Af 6t near fun-fet, the 
threats and armed force ufit4 in 

[Jt a] it> 



^$2} ANNUAL IIEGIS.TERV 151158. 



it» the forcibly carryiog tike Ve&l 
Hivsyt and M in a manaer on^tf* 
cedentcd, and cakufaMtd to Urv- 
catv ]u£Aj dir ap^h^bfion^ tliat 
tine feiforr was accmpaAied wtriv 
thofe oxtraordisary cifcunaances^ 
IB €rdef to excite a rioc^ and fcr'-- 
nifli pladttdo pretences for it* 
ooiring troops a day or two after 
oie riot) wni, as tf in proTtcotioft 
of the laft meBtsofifd pnrpofe^ 
notwithftanding there was not the 
letft ijtfult ofeod to the eomsnir- 
fionen of the ouftoan^ either in, 
their peribnt or * property^ thtf 
ttoagbt fit to retire, on &b pre- 
Cience of fecortty to dscnsfehres, oo 
b6srd the Roiney man of war» 
and afttrvards to Caftle William ) 
afld wImo there, to keep op the 
idea of their being ibll ift great 
Ibtaardy proonred the Roomey, 
and feveral- -other vefieb of war* 
fo tMf Rationed as if to pteireoi 
an attack apon the caftle* which 
they aflfedted to he afirasd of. 

Thefe proceednfj^ hkre doobc^ 
le& taken |^e» to induce abelief 
among the oficecr of the nary 
and army» as idicy . oecafioniliy 
came hither; tfahf tks commiffion* 
ers were in dkagtr of being mth 
mcked, ind proenre from thofe 
oficers fepiTrientationi ooi&cidesit 
with their owiu thur they j-eally 
were fo; bot their fre^nentland'' 
Mig on the main* apid making in** 
cimoBs into the coutatry; ^ere 
it woold have boen ^fV to* feiao 
rhenrsf anir itijmry Jtmi been jn% 
tended^ demonih'afies *tbe ini»» 
eerier of the dec)aTatiois» that they 
ifomared.them£ehres at the 'cafUe 
for fefbty. This iv mthtf to. he 
aocoonted for, at. being an. eiSen* 
cial part of tft^ xfOf^lectett plan for 
procuring troOj^sJttA; be: qb ^eted 
htreiyin «dudir.tiiByaitdjtl]«ir«o^ 



adjniocs huM fncceeded to thA^ 
Wifii, btttj^ unhappily, to the job'- 
tnal detriinent and onoafiaeis 4)f 
both* countries. 

We Chonght it abtaMKely My 
€ei&ry,.isiid our d^Ky to the tovn 
and province reqasre us, to give 
your excellency this detail,' that 
yon mighi! know the . fentkkients 
of this people» ami that ihey tUnk 
themfehres injured^ and injured by 
men to whom they have dooene 
injwr. From the juftneft of )Foar 
exceUeney^ we nffitre oarfelvai^ 
yoor aand wiU aot adaMt iA^ 
prttBtOBs .tok theic difitdTantaigt^ 
from perfons who havodoafitha 
injory. 

Year exodkncy^ ia voor leitte 
to ooiFcrnor Bernard of the latk 
of September, gavo aotkef tkl* 
one ot the laments from UaUte 
WW otdered for the prefesi la 
Oaftle William, and tdie other to 
tho towai bat yoa waa pleaU 
afterirarda io order tSum iato the 
towa»^ 

If yoor «apcdlency, trhea yai 
know the true ftate of the tevag 
whkh we can aflure yoa is qtite 
peaceable^ flkoaM think kss mt* 
jefty's fervtce does not rrqaiit 
tinm regtmenta to coatinoe io the 
towa,- it wiU be a great cafe mi 
iatii&fiiaa to the iahabitanli* if 
yoa wiU pleafe to order them 10 
CaAle William* where comaiQ4i« 
ous barracks are provided for that 
receptions or to l^int Shirley, io 
the oesghbooffhopd of it; infitte 
Af wkiohjiOr in both, theyctobp 
welLaccimmodated^ * ^ 
. .Aa»to the two rfginientt«cpeA> 
ed heee ^om Iiel^» it afMJt 
6rMn lord Hili4k>rcRigh> ;of the 
|ot3i i^ July, they weit* tateodod 
for a difietcKpan of NfNhJbnc* 

If 



APPBNDIX^ to f hf CHRONlCLf: ttil 



. If jfour «smUo«c^ flioi44 ^iMc 
k aot incaaMeBt with his Maj^i^ 
^j iervice, ihat ^hey Ihoold i^ 
Icat to the pUcc of th«ir firfl fif IK* 
Bacu>A,it w41 contribatc tQ theifhfe 
aad bappifteTs of the tOMUi md prd* 
^iace, 4f «hey mif kt ^ •r4efod 

As we are irue And f^kklul (mh* 
j^eu ai his MAjtky, have «b Bf- 
icdionaie Ms^aid /f r the mother 
couatpgr* snda ^n4er feeliag for 
4NM- -ew^ o«ir daty i» each «of theoi 
anakes m flrilh» and we eameftly 
bag J9UT exceU^Dcyrj to make a 
foil eaqaiipr into the diforders 

of theaij aad ^ repnctetatioAt^ 
<hat have beea^sade about ihe«i s 
|n doiM whkh, yoer ^oooeUency 
wU aafily difcover who are tke 
jierCoBfty -that* from lacrattve Tiews, 
liave coaiUnod agaipft the poace 4>f 
the towQ and proviace, fo^ae of 
whom, k i« probable^ Jure difiro* 
Yered theoUenres alieadv by their 
amn Xettar to your ^xeeUency. 

In awaking the enqairff though 
many uaprodencas, and iiaae £fi- 
minal proceedings, auf be foand 
to have takeo^ce^ we are pe^> 
faaded, horn tne caadoiu:, g^^ne* 
jofity«aiid jailice, w,hiah diiUngiufl| 
your character, vour ^x^elfency 
will not ^hai^ the doiags of a 
iew» and thoile of aa inferior fort, 
fi^n the town and psoyi|Ka i aady 
with regard to ti^ aadividoalty 
if any circiimfemces^ fli^ll appear 
Jaftly to extenuate the criminalijy 
of their nroccedingSy voar excai- 
Icncy wiU let them We their 
€St&: and on the iasie caadonr 
and generofity we can irely, that 
yoar exceUrncy's leprcTentations 
4>f thii affair to his M<yefty'j mini? 
Acts JriU be (och fts ^en 4faa 



.CfimbaV fbrtoifliw nill Mov t» 
bejii^ 
AoftM# Ofiober ay. 
(Signed) 

?# il^ Jingmjf 0M^9 4r f ww l / 

Gantkmeo* 

I f etarn yon fkaaks far tke ho- 
aour yea do me in thii addreb* A^d 
am treatlf ^>bUge4 w yoa for the 
good opinion yaa ait plaaitd |o 
aonaeiyeaf me* 

Whaterer may Kavr been At 
partioalar cattfe of the difttu^it* 
ces and tiots whkh have happened 
in the town of £oftoo» theie doti# 
aad the reiolves which were pab» 
HAied» have induced hii Majefty to 
order ibor Regiments to this town, 
to pro^ his ioyalfubjc£b in their 
peHoDs and properties, as>d to uBSt 
the civil magmate in ahe execa«> 
taan of the laws. 

The dUcipHne and order whi^ 
y^ill be preforved among the troops* 
i traft, will render th^r Aay in np 
Aape ditrefpeftfal to hk Majefty^ 
dtttiiid iiibjefis in thb towni aa4 
that the fucare behaviour of the 
people arill |ollify the beScodlHse* 
tion of their paft^Aioas, which t 
flatter Ayfelf will be fn^ as to cf» 
ford me a faficient foondation to 
sejpreient to h^ MajeCjr the pro* 
priety pf withdsawinj^ agft piirt of 
^e troops* 

BdftM, Ofbber aytli, 
(Signed) 

Tbomas Qaot, 



«v 



NMPV^^rV 



B$/hn nt^S'ftferif mrt fi tmc§m^ 
mmfy CHTi^nSf mid iuir /itch /r* 
trnkm- mmh ^ mghmiitj in 



45+] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 

• rikirfykt MOMMiTp and fintimnm, 
that '*wg maie no doubt hut tbiy 
ivill be inter tdining to mAwf of our, 
readers. 

Boftont Seft.f. 
By letters from Rhod'c-ifland wc 

1eim> that John Robinfon, eTc}; 

one of tl^e commifiioners^ after his 

late elopement, travelled very pri- 
vately m bye-ways till he got to 

Newport, where, on Wcdnefday 

laft, he made -his public entry, as 
-maeh to the furprize of moft of 

the inhabitants, as if be had drop- 
'ped from the cloads. It was even 

• imagined by fome of the credolous 
and timid, that he had been killed 
at fiodon, and that the pale and 
trembling figure prefenting itfelf 
to view, was indeed bat the ghoft 
of their old friend Jack Robinfon. 
However, the next morning was 

• found poded up at the Swing- 
bridge, on the Long'Wharf, an ad- 
vertifement to the following pur- 
port, viz. « This is to detire all 

« the trae fans of Liberty, and ndne 

• elfe, to appear under Liberty-tree 
in Newport, at eight o'clock thi^ 

. evening, to confult what meafures 

arc necelTary to be taken with the 
*— infamoua John Robinfon, who 

had the impudence to make his 
- public appearance in our ilreets 

y. llcrday ; having, before he made 

• hi$ '•lopemcnt, bonded among his 
brot!«er comraiiConers, that he 
could be well fupported in the 
executioQ of his u^ce at Rhode- 
idand, and be fully prptedlcd from 
the Icaft infuh.' At the time and 
placs appointed, fome handreds, 
not to Uy thoufands, ^dembled, 
and went in queft of maiier com- 
miflionpr to the tavern where it 
was faiJ Ic lodged the night bc- 
foic. But after a very <^igent 
fcarch (not by virtue or a writ of 



afflbnce, but by candle-light) o 
the houfe, outhoufes, bal^s, bar- 
'rels, meal- tubs, trunks, boxes, 
-packs and packages, packed and 
unpacked, and in OK)rt of every 
hole and comer fuSicient to con- 
ceal a ram cat, or a commiffioner, 
they could find neither. On this, 
they returned peaceably to their 
refpe&ive habitations, without the 
lead injury to the perfon or pro- 
perty of any man. What is be- 
come of mafter Jacky» we cannot 
(fays our correfpondent) yet learn. 
Some think he is gone to Virgi- 
nia, to enquire if they will now 
give io,oool. derling for the be- 
atitudes attendant more immedi* 
ately on the cdtony where tie 
American board it fixed, as it 
was given out lad fall that their 
agent had ofiered it ; others think 
he if on hii return to Maflachi- 
fetts, 

' Where once more peot m WUIiam^t caft'i^ 
. Be be ihut op as ii in BaAJIe. 

Lad ni|ht lodged at Dorcheder 
John Robinfon, rfq; and this morn- 
ing proceeded to the cadle. 
BofioH, Sfft, 26. 
FttirfoeoHt Sept. 24. On the 
19th indant the fons x>f' Liberty 
■ here (after chufing a commictee- 
man to attend the convention at 
Bodon) appointed the next day to 
meet and aedicatc a tree to that 
mod amiable goddefs, at 4$ nii- 
nutcs pad tA»o' o'clock, r. M. 
Accordingly they met at the time 
appointed ; and having made choice 
of a beautiful young elm, they 
cut off 17 ufelefs branches (leaving 
p2 thereon) and dne of them uk- 
mg hold of the tree, uttered the fol- 
lowing words : • O Liberty ! thou 
divine goddefs! may thofe that 
lOvt thee iourifh as the branches 
of this tree ! but thofe that hate thee 
I be 



APPENDIX to the CHRONIOUE. i»ss 

be c«t off and peiilh at thefe 17, hear oar ^ievances^ and fend tt» 

^«irhicli we are now abonc CO commit; fpeedjr. rehef. 

ro die flames/ And a pile of con- 4. The downMI of Tyranny of 

demned ihingles being inteflidy fet all kinds. ' 

on fire, the ampuuted branches, 5. Lord Chatham » Wilkei, and 

together with the~ effigies of the 17 all oar Friends arhome. 

Arong affes, were call thereon and 6. The brave Corfieans» 

conrainedt while the well-known 7. Thofe who had' rather die 

fong of liberty was fnng; and hair- than fobmit to the iron yoke of 

ing fcattered tncir afhes toward the Slavery. 

four winds of heaven* they gave 8. To the memory of our glori* 

three cheers, and then walked back . oas intrepid Anceftors; 

in proceflion, where a di(h of barley 9. The generous Farmer. 

coftee was prepared for them : after 10. The ^mous Ninety-two. 

which the Imowing conftitutional ii. The Town of Bpfton. 

UMifis were drank. . ^ la. James Otis^ efq. 

1. The KING. ^ '3; A fpeedy Repeal of all nn- 

2. The Queen and Royal Family. • conftItuti<mal a£b. 

3. May we always be under ms The whole was condoled with 
Idaje^s protedion; may he aliyays ^ the greateft decency and order. 



C^ y^M im/criptMt cm a mMument, aidttt 3$ ^ 36 fiii high, tnHtdhy fir 
JsFFERY AilHEasT, knt. tf thi Bath, \ic» oh a fktifiaa immnct aU 
mufi 9ff»fiie i9 hit houfi, mw hdUBng^ €MlUd Montreal, nmr JUyerheadf 
nr Kent. 

« 

Firjt fiJk, fmcing 4Jm9fi Soath-eaft. 

DEDICATED 

To that moft able^ ftatefman. 

During whofe adminiftration. 

Cape Breton and Canada were conquered ; 

And from whofe influence 

The Britifli arms derived 

A degree of luftre 

Unparalleled in pail ages* 

Sicmuifidi. Korth*ea8. 

To commemorate 

The providential and happy meeting 

Of the three brothers. 

On this their paternal ground. 

On die acth of January, 1764, 

After a nx yean gloriout war: 

In which the three were fucceisfully engagf4 

In various dimes, feafont, and uniices. 

r«4j THr4 



LetfMOuVft TiMfcllMnA, 
AlA 4x ¥reDcii 'tafdrtioili 

PfifeBWt bfmf. *be ISA >rty, I^STfJ. 

l^dHuftta^ uketi>>MCbii0r. nfe Atkof >tr>17^ 
piOTn-point ulceo p^ftffloB o^ 'Ufe-Wh tif Angoi. rrfifi- 

Ifle n S«i the sjth fif Auguft, 17P0. 

farTendered, 

dtfirn l»Sth$epati:^,17tto. 

,. . NewlqugdUiu^ 
■^«takpi* ^ 9A pf Sqitenber, 1761. 

ii tnSteA a fort of fhed, in a rofGc taAe, lodurig tovraiis Ac i>llS^ 
fiu hiUi; on the walls whereof are the following lines, falii to w 
wrote by Mn- T 5 *' ' ■ .,-> .^'J«fciy'»fifl». 

VhUBDeitVbriniheiEhtiaOiia^thewie IMblvoi co-dieT'er Iher refign'd 

af coaqun'd lands, wsU If luiwn <o Utae : Their liHctlles'in lavel-lciDd. 

rte mirk the valley'i wintlEflK W«r, ■HAeeTN^AHi-i loni Lnhabit tiefc^ 

And lit to what (rid MCDiA-flT- A'iid1iiBcetiK-i*terid thVirdcedi nwn- 

f Tha windins rala of HolmlaiUi 'In war, 'inev'iy virttioiu frav, 

' Wm nevM won, or e*n (hile.' ~A m^n orXeot Dull win the ila^. 

Th« propbacr mtm yec tiA rOI^ 'Ams'Tttiv (Mr queen of valliei mgnf 



T«rob tbii vil'oyor jtirightb guriaflt, wbofe infant reed iifeen 

Sopponod by iu nliTroiu wigm. Upruiine'ilil yun bufoni'd Krccn. 

WhnfdraifncoiIciiHftcliitn'dnurUnr),! Alooi hi) wiiroing bankt nay pC 
Than rofa our Surdy Hulmrdal* baod A • Ani>']»yful plenlT never ce.ile. 
With Mcb a broCh«r oak in HftfiTi *) ' >rnW*^-11bVaiar< roll Iheii tidC; 
d (love the conq'ror meet. May heaven-bsfn Libenr abide. 



1 n« propnacr ne^si y« nn laii'ai nms ntav oor 

No human po»'t hat jti pnraiN 'W1iile<Dlrent 

—.__...., _._.. ._r..._-_.. ffittMftt, who* 

TJpftiHnpilil 
,1 A1dq| hi) wi(l-Ding 
A • Ar*jitvful pleniT ni 
•5 ■ WTIWe^llfcVilBfJ 

A^dfqtthcwai 

W.B.Th«IHrant'1<'armanri*ni«nitUg(ta>nSan<liifhtnChearnead.ani4tTnfreitht 
iMidimvad toTnabridie.walb.alamilT ('^(frlXnVijnSr'l, 11 rnildandan h^M (tfin 
Loadoni ackd !■ tuiu u OtfnH. WaKdAirriflsfr.'temBfliiWe for the rains ff ThomM 
BKk«t'* palac*! theuikfaekiHNr icnWiBtaliraiv Pmm Uieucs it c'xi in St.'xc- 
h»a.ETB*i()nlirajininENan), Itc. a>d<ani,inC<><I« Thamei n1xHtir>al(in(J. llotnir- 
dak IS tha Taltn. a mile' i^ fwo ifiMh Wimi pBrt-'dmittHi which the mcrr.i.i: 
andiinnarkabMikn'HitltrfiMglKlIeT^, ta I'MAMMrrMnROr'the Bnuwi wul 
bsew. (SMtiMoanv«diUfaetfts|ilBi<abi*wr,'«al..(0 



AHPENDIX to Ae CHBRXJmCLB. {iif 



m^ lie ilf;f1$A^\Mk rit/aU^ing in/cnption : 

TMi Cefidlapli4s Tseitd 

OMl'd^Hlerate valour, 

Tte^Wffitdable and ^m^\Afts y^t&SfU 

1<^efcfl#ft Wiehftood and repulfed, - 

kMr-Wk AtllAMfti «tftM^ from i m^tifding MM£Mni^ 
Vh^ib^f ^ar ^Ai€%ni^)fi)fe% refducell. 
ft?lfc*«v«rTlffeftilfrft«e dgftmce ^f t^ridiVi^ "• 

(tWt t^n^e 'btiftle ^ W*irtN#aflH 

|[*w>h%4t9(A^^)ft inqMVtftnr^oMfeiOfe^^ 

TlM^4\*|terb capitals, 

' m'<Mt>9^o/hditherry, Man^ 

4litili •fbeVtAipptfi^4fl(i^ii^, 

H^nfammsif^ abilitt>§, iiiil^)l#npM%tfAwfifi<»V's ^ 

4M9i^ fi^eh'lis^eilV, their tlrfHring-Mmpamoiis^ 

*Jie^oi!^clfe^M*lo^ ^'^tM'tfewr^n, 

'T^^^f^omi %ni nftijSly -«f HH* ^6rtti!h ehi^i^e ■ 

^Pl^fe%«teflei>4 tft YKb reM«^ft^t<l^ lef 'Ada : 

Sffl^'^Wf^heir exploits, 

• %lMtW^M%N%'Jl(«b hl>t)(^r ^en to the139ie«k m- ft«(ttliii (Mmcu. 

lA^iA^^te<A'ftf¥mirl^e Anf^S'l9f«fttiiplt)r; 
Aii4 well teftlV e to be tranfmitteti ^Mm ISb the limft pc^iT)^. 

^fthil'KdM Ih'eileem M^^^fliiFdli^n 

fts Ibpfe^s^rurffti'titiHl^, 

^^Mbllr, ^KfWtf Hne,^iid IrltkiallMjF^ 

Sfeaii "^^ aity^lfcoe 

InBritalii. 

^;* *rtftn*efi^'^ilkers,n?W(!lt^^ftin8,¥i?!-ttf»^ fivt-eirflgf^ 

ft yft fa rgefMis, tmd ^oeb prMie 1Aeii^tMbi<gii^ ^toHhkHregbii(»n> Ifi^ 
in the coarie of the lacc^^^Mr. ^ , . 



jfJCjif 



t58] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768- 



JUfipfmpnal fiBum m thi Royal 
S§eiety bonfi. ComrmmUattd fya 
€ommffiur. 

In the ma renin. 

MR. Daniel CoUwal), treafurer 
and foonder df the moreum ; 
it was done at the fociety's defirt> 
aadwas prefented by him before 

1670* » 

In the parlour. 
ffir Francis fiacon> lord Veru- 
laiB>an original, painted on board, 
Mcfiented by Martin Folkeij efq. 

P« A* O. 

Ill die Amndel library* 
Theeari of Arundel, given with 
tlie library, by the diike of Nor* 
folk.— Alfo a glafs paintine of John 
Howard, firft duke of Nortolk« 
giTcn by the faid duke. 

On the fiair-cafe. 
TychoBrahe, the Danilh aftro* 
aomer. Dr. Halley, left as a le« 
«cy, 1 76|, by his daughter. Rev, 
iJr. Birch, left as a legacy, 
1767, by himfelf. Dr. Harrey, 
inbo difcovered the circulation of 
the blood. Dr. ChriAopW Star- 
anus. Thomas Hobbet of Mai* 

In the anti-chamber. 
Francis Afton, efq. S. R. S. and 
m bcfirfador, Another pidure of 
Bfelmeibury. Rev, Mr. Thomas 
Paget, a benefaflor. Hon. Robert 
Boyle, efq. an original, left as a 
legacy in 1765. Rev. Mr. FlamV 
Und, firft afhrondmer royal. Mr. 
Theodore Haak, one of the firft 
F« R. S. Rev. Thomas Gale. 
Another pidure of Dr. HaUey. 

{oho Evelyn, efq. author of Sylva, 
^omona, 5cc. oni of the firil 



F. R. S. HenJT More, D. D. 
Samuel Pepys, eiq. P. R.S. Dr. 
John Walks, jthe famous geometri- 
cian, and one of the firlt F. R. S. 
Sir Henry Spclman, the famous 
lawyer and antiquary. Signior 
Malphigi, the famous Italian na- 
turalift. Bilhop Wilkins. Sec. R. S. 
famous for his Univerfal Chara^r, 
and other works. Lord Somen, 
P, R. S. Rev. Mr. Burroughs. 
In the meeting-room. 
Two pictures of fir Ifaac New- 
ton, P. K. S. in two different ages. 
Martm Folkes, efq. P^R. S. b^ Ho- 
garth, given by Mrs. Folke^ Sir 
Hans Sloane, bare, pitfident. Aiuk 
ther pidure of Dr. Harvey. Earl of 
Macclesfield,'?. R. S. prefented hf 
hislordihip. Sir Chrifiopher Wren, 
P. R. S. and ^ean Wren, prefented 
by Chriftopher Wren, efq. aboat 
twenty years ago. - Sir Robert Mo- 
ray, P. R. S. Lord vifcount 
Brouncker, firft prefidcint of the 
royal fociety> appointed by the 
charter. Sir Joieph Williufbn, 
P. R. S. Hon. Robert Boyle, ano- 
ther pidure. The Scotch hiftoriaa, 
Buchanan. — — Waller, eiq. Sec. 
R. S. Peter Gaflcndi, the fampsa 
Frepch philfopher. 

BUSTOS. 

Charles II. carved on wood, the 
gift of fir Hans Sloane. Sir Ifaao 
Newton, of marble, the gift of W, 
Ffeeman, efq. F. R. S. 
Prints. 

Charles IK full length, but fit- 
ting ander a canopy. Mr. George 
Graham, F. R. S. the fiunoos 
watchmaker. 



APPENDIX to the CHRONrCLE. [259 

6| -i-i 1 I * - ir*! I I - 



04 



'I: 



1^ 

■3 



4 stisi I 
.3 *|s" 'a 



•sa 
ll 



^1 



■111!! 



•1 5 as 



1' 

U ili!l|l|t 

I 8S -K S, 






l=lll|-^l^- 




,i6<l] ANNUAL ,R|lGJSTIUl.i7«. 

^ ) -I II ■" 

I I ■"«• T t 

i i 'I If I 



tilir 

•rr'imip 



i I* 



. I "I J I 1 , SI 

i .1 ■SI II. I. . :i ri 



-S3 
1*1 



I! 






I till ill "^ ' 



§■5- ■£*£*** •• *f 



Fi III ik^4^ 1; 

^^ i1a J!iJI finis r 

" =«.i :i4 



A|^PENpiXtotl»<:ifR,QNK:tE. ^ {ji^i, 



■* -> 



SUPPLIER graat^ hy Parliawcav fct 

•the Year 176a. 

o : '\'^ ' ■ '- ' — ' ' ^> ' i '.:> 

bcCEllBS&J, 1768. jC* . \^*'A 

u npHAT 16,000 men be emplajrei fiutkirfea 

JL Tervice for 176^^ inchiibig 4»>8.7 laarinrj . 
t. That a fum ftot tfitmding ^ per man pet 
moathy be allowed S^i U Bfi tm t Mmm m ^ih^mpi ixkAuimg . 
ordnance for Tea fervtsc. i £m»- m-^ . S^a^ooft ft 7 

t. For the ordinaf)! ordud-auj^, Indadmg katf^ - .1 

pay to fea and marine ^Acrn^liiQp ri^M ^ 1 *9«»: v 4t£«4Qf - o t a t 

a. ThttacsiiimberW land forcesr-inctttding- a«46o 
i nvali d aj n m o a n tin g to 17*253 effedlive men, com- 
aiffion aonAv Mn-commi^on officers included, be 

3. For defravinglJfe.'ChafgAisf aheiaidiimni^i 7>^' '—"'.: 
of land forces for 1^ > w* ; .^ «»«i . M6aai la Ml 

4. For maintaining hiamajiiili^: ISMMaatidgasii* • 
Ions in the plantatioaa and Afrtai*.dMcMtm tjuiti ' . 
IP g irrity at MinoMi^ and-Gibnddqri «iid«mpn><i. 
viitons for the forcei in Neotk Amenuk^ Noira Sco- 
lia» Nev!|fitnadland>' Xjibraltar, the ceded iflands, 

and Africa, tor ly&i. , mm . ^* t . *«^ 396,590 4 €{ 

5. For defrayins abe aha^e of tin ^ffwcacrpf 

Ey between the Briailhi and jrife^afttM flaam ^ 
regiments of foot#t:fanringis th9 Ifla of Man, at 
Gib^t3|r« ;Minorcay«andtha«ededcl^and9» fiw t7^9« 7»aa6 17 a| 

6. For the pa^ of the gapesal jmhI ftaff ofic^tm in 
QreatBiidtibi! for 4^768 — -^ -^ ta^l7 7 S 

' 7. For defra^ng<.-tfae charge tf Inil pajr lor %€6 
days, for 176$^ to-officnca TOdtMCOy. inun ine.tcntn 
company of fevcral r^ttalioM rc^ed Aoot ten to 
nine. cott]wiiNi> andUwho remained on-half pa^r At. 
^ n^th of •j^ftaoiber, 1765 — ^*- $^2127 14 o 

8» For ^^arge of the ofice of ordnance, for 
land Imhoo, «N^4f68 -^ ««^ ^^ t59«3>^ >> 6 

9. FordefifyingW-tgqpencdinfreriricaspvfermrd' 
Vy the qCte of ordnance, tor hpii fr^ice^ and not 
provided f^ by padanaaoi^ mi76^ w 1^ 61,944 ti ii 

>l|> MI I |||| il'l I P' W iT^ 

1,672,540 X 6J 

I)lGBMB£a 



262] ANNUAX REGISTER/'i768. 

Dbcbmbbr 15* - £^ s* d. 

1. That one third part of the capital ftock of an* 

lenities afti;r,th( rate pf 4!^ per loeiit. eftabliihed bj -* ^ v v 

an aft made'tii the third ' year 'of h&vtsqtkfs reigi, -^ * - 

vhich ihali remain after thib 5tK4a^ x>f Janury next« 

be redeemed and paid dff on the 5th b^ Jaly next> 

after discharging the intereft then payable in refpeft 

of the fame — . — ^- — 875^000 o o 

2. To enable hit majeftyto redeem and pay off 
the faid one third part. 

Dbcembeh 31. . r l^: ' " ' i 

I. Towards the build&aes* rebnildifigSy aikd re- 
pairs of (hips of war in liis majefty's yards, and I " 
other extra works, orer and abore what are propofed * * 
to< be done opon the heads of wear «n4 tear and ordi*. r. 
nary, for 1768 — ^— — 277,954 o 

a* To enable the trnftecs of the Sritifh Mnfeom - ' • • 
tocarrvpnthe>fxec«tionof thetroftrepofcdinthem >• 
by parliament .— < — , ' *— . • .3^000 00 









'»79»954 o o 
Janvart 26, 1768. — 

1. For paying the penfions to the widows of ftith^ 
reduced officers of his majefly's land forces and ma*> 
rines, as died upon the eftabiifhmcnt of half pay in 
Great Britain, and who were auurried to them before wi. 

the 25 th of December 1716, for 1768 — . -*..'"/. MS^ 00 

2. Upon account of the reduced offiieers and ma- ^ x ' ' 

rines, for 1768 -^ .— ^ — . • i]a,43i o . o 

3. For defra3nngthe cbarge-for allowances to the * . . 
feveral officers and miyate gentlemen of the two • ' 
troops of horfe guaros; : and regiment of horfe se*'* 
duced ; and to the fuperaanuated eentletnen of the- - ^^ 

four trt>ops of horfe guards, for 1708 — ^ i -t« • 1*715 '1 ^ 

4. Towards defray i^g the charge of dnt penfioneiB 

of Chelfea-hofpital, for 1768 — -*• - 108,949 17 <jf 

5. Towards defraying the extraordinary cxpencet 
oi his Majefty's land forces, and other (ervices, in* 
curred to the 25th of December 1767, and not pro- 

vided for by parliament «— . . .«• 'mm. ,r9^,988 4 a 



■*i 



• 444*620 14 8 

January 28. - - i ii ■ n i« 1 ' 1 

I . Upon account, for maintaining and fopporting ' " 

the civu eftabliihment of Nora Scotia;, for 1768 3*^95 ^ ^^ 

' 2. Upon account, for defraying diexha^es of the" •. ^ h' 

civil eftabUlhment- of Georgia, and the incidental 

expences 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [263 

txpeocts attending the Tame, from the t4th of Jane £* u d, 

17^7«- to the 24th oi lune 1768 — — 3*5^6 o o 

3« Upon account, for defraying the charge of the 
civil efbibliihment of Ea(l Florida, and the inciden- 
tal cxpences attending the false, from the 24th of 
Jane fjOjj, to the 14th of Jane 1768 — — '4t750 9 o 

4. Upon account, for defraying the expencesof the 
civil efcibliihment of Well Florida, and other inci- 
dentai expences- attending the fame, from the 24t& 

of June 1767, to the 24th of June 1768 — - 4*400 o o 

5. Upon acconnt, for defraying the expences of 
goieral farveyi of hb majefty's dominions m North 

America, for 1768 «—,.«. -^ 2,036 14 o 

6. JUp^ acconnt, for defraying the charges of the 

fivil cfUblifcmentof Senegambia, for 1768 '— $»55o o o 



Febrvary I, 



24,657 15 II 



For paying off and difcharging the exchequer bills 
made out by virtue of an aft pafled in the laft feflion 
ef parliament for r^ifing a certain fum of money by 
loans or exchequer bills, and charged upon the firft 
lids to be granted this feffion — — - i»8oQ»ooo o • 

February a^ 

1. To replace to the finkine fond the like fam 
iflocd thereout, to make eood the deficiency on 
P& 10, 1767, of the fund efbtbliihed for paying 
umnities in refpeft of 3,500,000!. borrowed by vir- 
tue of an ad of the third of his prefent majefly, to- 
wards the fupply granted for the rcrvice of 1763 — 59>322 16 10 

2. To replace to ditto the like fum paid out of the 
&nie, to make good the deficiency, on July 5, 1767, 
of the fund eiUbliihed for paying amiuities inrefpeft ' 
fkf irt miUioas, borrowed by virtue of an aft made 
hk the ^ift of his late Nfajefty, towards the fupply 

tnntedffbr thefervice of IJ58 — — 53*48017 H 

3. To be employed in maintaining and fupporting 
the Britiib forts and fettlements on the co^ft of Africa> 
Qoder the direftioii of the committee of merchants 

tr»din£ to Africa - — — — 13,000 • • 

4. That provifion be made for the pay and cloth* 
ing of the militia, and for their fubfiflence during the 
time they ihall be abfent from home on account of 
tile annual cxercife, for 1768. 

5. Upon account, to enable the Foundling-hofpital 
to maintain and educate fuch children as were re* 
Cttvcd into the fame on or before the '25th of March 
JTiif from the 3 xft of December, 1 767, exdufive, to 



4 



t6^1 ANNUAL BJEQISTRIU tj^ 

fuffi to be iifMfd without any dedu^Uon -v- -p Zf,9Q0* <k 9 

^. Upon account^ Sot eii^bUog ibf bid kdfj^lal 
to put out apprentice theiaii €liWKQ# Co It tlut tho 
faid hofpitai do nol gi%c9 wHk oafi €bil4 mox% |1^^ 

7L -Ar- - T- •« tijOOA ^ A 

I I l i I . I 

flUIUAtiY &. 'I B I. .J ll l> > IF III 1 

<i. To iffi^ good- 10 his maje% the likr &m^iieA 
by his majefty's orddis* in "pwaCvtiacc of theaddicfey. 
^of this houfe . .^ -^ .nr M»)00i Oi « 

'C. To niate good ihe deficiency of the grants for 
thefervceof 1767 -, -„ ^^ )9M^ 4 Sl 

'5. To ytpl^e to «h« finking fiind the; like ^IB ]Mid 
•iti^tke iWrhs i« difcharge for one year and a quar- 
ter, e<ide4 tkeacth of December 1767, the annuities 
9h9if the r«te ef 4k per cent, attending the rfm^if^* 
der of the joint (lock, eflaUiihed h]^ an aA oi'tke third 
of his prefent majefly, in refpe£l of certain naY)C» viov 
tualling, and tranfport biUs, and dekenrurof, th^t 
have b'cn redeemed> InpiBiuiince of ajLa/6^ m^ck in 
tki la# feffioiu and th» eharges of flMsagemeitt doring 
the faid term of the annuities -r — ^»A$S ^9 ^* 

4. To replace to ditto tht like fun iifved tkfrcoiit^ 
to di charge from tkc leth of Odober 1767, to the 
5th of January following, the annuities attending fiKk 
part of the joint Hock c;hibU(hcd by an tA made in 
the third of liis prefent 9iajeily» for granting feveral 
additional duties on wines imported, and tertain da- 
ties on cyder and pernr, and for raifing the fiini of 
3,500,000!. by way of anpuitiosand k>ttcrit»» to bo 
charged on the faid duties, as hatk been rcdecntd in 

purfuance O' an a A made in tke la ft fr Son ^ ^tp t^TJO o 

5. To redeem and pgy off the teaudning parts of 

^fa|d capitiil flock of annaitiet -^ ««« i,75O»O09 • a 

2,250,170 3 nf 
Sam mtatof tJR iiipplies i^ranted this feffion '^ S»}35*746 |l fl 



f '2 



*^ 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. 



[^^S 



Wsj^ mtdmimmfii^ rmifiifg tbi mU^fufpifgrmttU^ bis Majtfy^ ttgned f 

%n thifilimming d^^ nnz. 



Dgc. 7, 1767. 
That the duties upon malt, mnm, 
crderand perry, be continued from 
the 24th of Jane I768, to the 
24th of June 1769, and charged 
upon all the mak wliich (hall be 
made, and all mum which (hall be 
made or imported, and all cyder 
and pciry which (hall be made for 
We, vithin the fcingdom of Great 
Britain, 700,000!. 

December 10. 
That the fum of 3s. in the 
ponnd, and no more, be raifed 
within the fpace of one year, from 
the »5th ot March 1768, upoa 
linds, tenements, hereditaments, 
prions, and perfooal eitates, in 
Alt pan of Great Britain called 



ifig fund, and added to, and made 
part of, the joint (lock of 3K ptt 
cent, amiuities, which were con-» 
folidated at the bank of England, 
by certain afts mad" in thie* icth 
and 28th years of the reign of W 
late majefty, and feveral i'ubfe* 
quent aAs, and fubjefl to redemp^ 
tio.i by parliament; that every 
contributor towards the faid fvtm 
of 1,500,0001. (hall, in Mfpefl of 
every 65 1, agreed by him lO h& 
contributed for raiftng fuch t fum, 
he entitled to receive three tickets^ 
in the faid lottery, upon paymefif 
of lol. for each ticket; and that 
^ery contributor (hall, on or ht* 
fore the 18th of thi< in(hmi Fe-' 
bruafy, make a depofit with the^ 



Englaod, Wal«, and the town of ca(hiers of the bank of Bnglatrd d# 

Berwick upon Tweed ; and that a 15I. pcnr centum, in part of the? 

proportionable cefs, according to monies fo to be contributed fo^* 

the ninth article of the treaty of wards the faid fum of i,3oo,oocrf« 

onion, be laid upon that part of and alfo a depolit of 5I. ptt 4en* 

Great Britain caffcd Scotland. turn, in part of the monies fH to 

1,528,568!. us. ri|d. be contributed in fefpeft of tbef 



PetfRUARY 9, 1768. 

I. That the fum of 1,900,0001. 

he raifed in^the manner follow- 
in ' - - - 



faid lottery, as a fecurity for ma-* 
king the refpev^ive fvKare pay- 
ments, to the faid caOiicfs, dn of 



g; that is to (ay, the fum of before the times herein aftei* li 

*»3QO,ooor. by annuities, after mired : that is to fay, on th# 

fhc rate of 3I. per centum, to 1,300,000!. lol. per cent, on, of 

commence from the 5 th day of Ja- before, the 9th of April rtext ^ 

naarylai!, andthefumof6oo,oool. icl. per Cent, on, or before, th6 

fy a lottery, to confiil of 60,000 7f!i of June next; 15I. per cet»C 

pckets, the whole of (uch fum to on, or before*, the 19th of \\t\f 



ot divided into prizes, which are 
to be attended with the like 3 1, 
per cent, annuities, to commence 
fi^om the cth of Janoary 1769; 
aad that all the faid annuities be 
«»niffrrable at the Bank of Eng- 
laod, paid half yearly, on the 
Jth of July^ and the 5th of Janu- 
Vy, in every year, out of the fink- 



next; 15I. per cent on, or before, 
the 20th of Augttli next ; 1 5U 

Srccnt. on, or before, the nil of 
\ohtt next ; 20I. per ce«r. on, 
or before, the 25 th of Nov<*mbef 
next. Oi^ the lottery for 6oo,oeol« 
2fL prr cent; on, or befortf, th€ 
17th of May next; 30I. percent* 
on, or beforr, the 2ftb ^ Jtfn# 
[S] ' — 



266] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



next; 40I. per. cent, on, or be^ 
fore, the 8th of September next. 
And that all the monies fo re- 
ceived by the faid ca{hier» be paid 
into the receipt of his majcfty's 
exchequer, to be applied, from 
time to time, to fuch fervices as 
(ball then have been voted by this 
houfe, in' this feifion of parlia- 
ment : and that every contributor 
who (hall pay in the whole of his 
contribution towards the faid fum 
' of 1,300,0001. at any time» on, 
or before, the 17 th of Odlobcr 
next, or towards the faid lottery, 
on, or before, the 25th of June 
next, (hall be allowed an interefi 
by way of difcount, after the rate 
of 3I. per centum per annum, on 
the fums fo com pleating his con- 
tribution refpe^ivd)', to be com- 
puted from the day pf com plea ting 
the fame, to the 25th of Novem- 
ber next, in refpcdl of the fum 
paid on account of • the faid 
1,300,000!. and to the 8th of 
September next, in refpeft of the 
fym paid on ;^ccount of the (aid 
lot^tery. 

a. That, from and after the 
5th of April next, the annuities, 
after the rate of 4I. per centum, 
attending the remainder of the 
capital dock, eltabliihed by an ad 
Qiade in the third year of his ma- 
jefty's reign, intitlcd, * An aft for 

trancing to hb majcfly fevcral ad- 
itional duties upon wines im* 
ported into this kingdom, and 
certain duties upon all cyd:r and 
perry ; and for rai(ing the fum of 
3,500,0001. by way of annuities 
and lotteries, to be charged on the 
faid duties,' be charged upon 
and nude payable out of, the fur- 
plufles, exceftes, or overplus mo* 
nies, and other revenues, compo- 
dng the fund commonly called 



the (inking fund, until the redenp- 
tioo of the faid capital ftock, which 
is to be completed on the 5th of 
January 1769. 

3. That the doiies, revenaes, 
and incomes^ which now ftand ap« 
propriated to the payment of the 
laid annuities, be continued, and 
be, from and after the faid 5th of 
April, carried to, and made part 
oi^ the faid fund, commonly called 
the (inking fund, towards making 
good the payment of the faid an- 
nuities, and of the annuities after 
the rate of 3I. per cent, intended 
to be granted in refped of the faid 
1^900,0001. 

4. That, towards raifing the 
fupply granted to his majefty, the 
fum of i,8oo,oool. be raifed, by 
loans, or exchequer bills, to h^ 
charged upon the.firft aids to be 
granted in the next feffion of par- 
liament; and fuch exchequer bills, 
if not difcharged, with intercft 
thereupon, on, or bef6re, the 5th 
of April 1769, to be exchanged, 
and received in payment, tnluch 
manner as exchequer bills have 
ufually been exchanged and receiv- 
ed in payment. 

5. Tliat, towards raifing the 
fupply granted to hU majeily> 
there be applied the fum of 
2,250,0001. out of fuch monies as 
(hall, or may, arife out of the fur- 
pi uffes, excc^flTes, or overplus mo- 
nies, and other revenues, compof- 
ing the fund commonly called the 
(in King fund. 

6. That a fum, not exceeding 
7o,cool. out of fuch monies as 
(hall be paid into the receipt of 
the exchequer, after the 2d of Fe- 
bruary 1768, and on, or before, 
the 5^th of April 1769, of the pro- 
duce of all, or any of, the dutia 
and revenues, which, by an aft 

or 



APPENDIX to the CHRONICLE. [267 



or ads of parliament, ha^e been 
dire^ed to be referved for the dif- 
podcion of parliament toyvards de- 
fraying the peceiFary expences of 
dehni<nng, proteAing» and fecur- 
lagt the Britiih colonies and plan- 
tations in America, be applied to- 
wards making good fuch part of 
the fupply as Inth been granted 
to his majel^y, for maintaining his 
majeft^s forces and garrifons in 
the plantations, and for proviiions 
for the forces in North America, 
Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and 
the ceded iilands, for the year 
1768. 

7. That fach of the monies, as 
ihall be paid into the receipt of 
the exchequer, after the ad of Fe- 
bruary 176s, and on, or before, 
the 5th of April 1769, of the pro- 
duce of the duties charged, by an 
ad of parliament made in the 5th 
of his pre(ent majefty's reign, upon 
the importation and exportation 
of gam feneca, and gum arable, 
be applied towards making good 
the liipply granted to his ma- 
jcfty. 

8. That the fum of 400,000!. 
which is to be paid within thcjpre- 
fttt year, into the reteipt of^his 
xnajfily'i exchequer, by tne un^d 
company of merchant* of £nglaffi 
trading to the Eafl Indies, in pur- 
faance of an a^ made in the lafl 
ie€oQ of parliament, intitaled, 
* An a^ for eibd)lL(hine an agree- 
ment for the payment or the annual 
fum of 400,0001. for a limited time, 
by the Eaft India company, in re- 
aped of the territorial acquifitions 
tnd revenues lately obtained in the 
tail Indies,' be applied towards 
Baking good the fupply granted to 
his majrfty, 

9. That the charge of the pay 
^ doathing of ;he militia^ in 



that pan of Great Britain called 
England, for one year, beginning 
the 25 th of March 1768, be de- 
frayed out of the monies ariiing by 
the land-tax, granted for the fervice 
of the year 1 768. 

February 22. 

That a fum not exceeding 
106,3581. 17s. 8d. out of the 
fums received for provifions deli- 
vered to the troops ferving in 
North America, and of certain 
fums charged on the pay of the 
forces ferving at Minorca, the 
Floridas, and in Africa, and out 
of the balance of the 1 2d. in the 
pound deduction from tjie pay of 
the out-penfioners of CheKea-hof-* 
pital, from the 25th of June 1757* 
to the 4th of December 1767, and 
alfo out of the monies remaining 
in the hands of the earl of Kin- 
noul, and the executors of the late 
earl of Darlington, and of the 
late Thomas rotter, efq: bein^ 
part of the balances of the faid 
earls of Darlington and Kinnoul^ 
and Thomas Potter, as paymaflert 
general of his majcfty's forces, be 
applied towards making 2ood the 
fupply granted to his majefty, to- 
wards defraying the exiraocdinary 
expences of his majcfty's land for- 
ces, and other fervices incurred 
to the 25th of D-cember 1767* 
and not provided for by parha- 
ment. , 

February 25. 

1. That grew or crow -fait, falti 
fcale, fand-fcale, cruflings, or other 
foul-falt, be allowed to be uken 
from the falt-works in England, 
Wales, or Berwick upon Tweed, to 
be fold as mannrr, upon payment 
of a duty of Conr^'peAce per bi\fliel 
only. 

a. That all policies, by which' 
the p^^operty of one perfen, or of 



268} ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



a particular mimber of peri^ns in 
•ne gener^^l partnerfhip, or of ont 
body politic or corporate, in any 
ihip or cargOji or both, (ball be 
affured to the amount of more than 
I cool, be ftamped with iwo 3^. 
ilainps. 

3^ T^hat fb much of an z^, 
made in the thirty-third year of 
the reign of his late majefty king 
George the ft^cend, iixtituled, * ^n 
ad for encouraging the exporta- 
tion of rum and fpirits, of the 
growth, produce, and manufa^uye 
of the Britifh fugar plantations 
from this kingdom, and of Britiih 
fpirits, made from molaffes,' as di- 
redb that the rum, or fpirits, of 
the growth, produce^ and manii'* 
fa^ures of the Britiih fugar plaa- 
tations in Am^rica^ which fhoul4 



be intitled to the allowance of 
the duty of euftotn, and fVeed from 
the duty of excife, on exportation 
thereof, (hould be pioof ipirits, be 
repealed. 

4. That upon the expertatioft of 
ftich mm, or (pSrits, tnere be an 
allowance, or drawback, of all the 
dtttte» of cuftoms payable upon the 
importation thereof; and that fuck 
puiti, or fpirits, be freed and dif- 
eharged from all the duties of cx- 
ciie,' though the fame ftiall not be 
proof fpirits. 

Thcfe were the only refolutions 
of the committee ot ways and 
means agreed to by the houfe ; 
and with Vef^^eft to the funw there- 
by provided for, that CAn at pre- 
^t be afcertaiaed, they ftand as 
follow ; 



By the refolution of December 7 — — 

Jy that of December 10 — — -*- 

y the (irft of February 9 — — <,— 

By the fourth article of ditto — -,. — 

By the fifth of ditto — — — — 

By the fixth of ditto — — » — — 

By the eighth of ditto — — _ — 

By the refolution of Feb. az — • .^ _ 

$um total of fuch provlfions as can bf afcertained 

Excefs of the provifions — —1 — 



A 


^. 


d. 


7oo,ot>o 





P 


1,528,568 








1,900,000 





^ 


1,800,000 








2,250,000 





Q 


70,00Q 





• 


400,000 








106,358 


«7 





8,754,626 


*7 





419,180 


6 


"6 



Thus it appears that the fum 
total of the provifions made by this 
ftort fcflion confiderablv exceed 
the grants ; but then it ought to 
be confidered, that as in tti^ pre- 
teding year no money was grant- 
ed for the pay and cloathtng of 
the militia, the whole of that ex* 
pence wa$ to be paijl out. of the 



land tax, without any fum of mo- 
ney being granted for replacing 
it; fo that if we dedud 150,000!. 
which had been in former feffioxtt 
granted for the militia, with the 
ufaal deficiencies of the bnd and 
malt taxes, this excefs will be 
much lefs dbnfiderable than at ap* 
pears at firil fighc* 



STATE 



I iH 1 



STATE PAPERS. 



tiii majtfy^i me^ gracious J^ech to 
iofh homftf of farltamintt ott 
thwrfi^q the \otb dt^ of March, 
176S. 

Mf lords ^nd gentlemett, 

TH£ readinefs with which yoa 
entered into the views I re- 
coounended to you at the opening 
of this fcflion, and the afliduity 
with which yoa have applied yoar- 
felves to the difpatch of the public 
bufinefst give me great iatisfac- 
tioQ. At the Tame tiipe the ^iTec- 
tioMtt concern vou have ihewn 

fe;he welfare of your fellow fub- 
, by the falutary laws paflVd 
fer their relief in refped to the 
lugh price of provifions> cannot fail 
of ifcorinff to yon ihcir moil |rate- 
M regard. 

I have nothing now to com* 
Dimicate to you in relation to fO'* 
yciga affairs. The apparent in- 
tercfts of the feveral powers in feu- 
rope, as \rcll as the exprefs af- 
fttriBCCs I have received from 
thaB» leave nie no room to doubt 
^ their difpoiition to preferVe the 
^eral tranquillity. And, Oft my 
I^rt, you may reft aflured, that 
^cry meafard that is con&Hent 
*it)i tiM honour of my crown, and 
^ rights of my fuhjefts, (hall he 
^dlly direded to that moii falu* 
^ purpofe. 

Gentlemen of the hoofe of 

COBBIOnff, 

Yottr chearfulneis in granting 
^ uccflary (applies, aM. your 



attention to itie eafe of my gC6d 
fobje^ in the manner of rafing^ 
them, equally demand ftiy acknow- 
ledgments. 1 fee with pleafur^, 
that you have beeii able (6 pro- 
fecnteyour plan for the diminution 
of the national debt, without laying 
iny additional burthen apon my 
people. 

My lords and gentlemen. 

As toe time limited by \v^ 
for the Qxpirat>on of this parlia* 
mcnt now draws near, t have re* 
folved forthuith to iftue my pro- 
cI;»:nation for diifolvinj^ it, and 
/or calling a new parliament. Bat 
} cannot do this, without having 
firft' returned you my thanks, fof 
the m.iny fignal proofs you hav^ 
given of the moft atfe^ionat^ at^ 
tachment X6 my perfon, family, 
ahd government, the m'oft faith- 
ful attention to the public fcrvice, 
and the moll eameft zeal for the 
pr<irerVat»"ri of our excellent con» 
nitution. When, by the vigorous 
fupport which you ^Ive me dur- 
ing the. war, I had been rntbled, 
under the Divine Providence, to 
reAore to my people the blcSngt 
of peace, you continued to exert 
yourfelves with equal alacrity and 
.&eaiin«fs, in puriuing every mea*» 
fure that c uki con'^ribuce to the 
maintenance of the public fafetv 
and trapquilli y; which yon well 
underilood could no other wife be 
prefer ved, than by ei^abliftiing on 
a refpe^ble foundation, the 
Hrenatn, th« credit, and the con>- 

\f\ i ' morce 



L 



^^6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 176S. 



mercc of the nation. The large 
fap plies you have from time to time 
g anted, and the wife regulations 
yon h tve road^ for thefe important 
purpofest willy I am perfuaded, be 
found to have been produftive of 
the mod beneficial confequences. 

In the approaching eledion of 
reprefentativesy I doubt not but my 
people will give me fVefli proofs of 
Dieir attachment to the trueintereft 
6f their counwy : which I (hall ever 
receive as the moil acceptable 
sn ark of their afFccHon to me. The 
welfare of all my fubjeils is my 
fir ft obieft. Nothing therefore hai 
ever given me' more real concf-rn, 
than to fee any of them, in any part 
of my d'DtninioHS, attempting to 
loofen thofe bonds of conftitutional 
fuoordination, fo elfential to the 
welfare of the whole ; but it is 
with much fatisfaftion that I now 
(e^, them returning to a more juft 
fenle of what their own intereft, 
no le^'s than their duty, indifpen* 
fably requires of them ; and there- 
by giving me the profpeft of conr 
tinume to reign over an happy, 
because an united people. 

ji proclamaticn for diJJhlnHng this 
prefent par It ante nt, and declaring 
thi calling of another > 

Cborce R. 

WIEREAS we have thought 
fit, by and with the advice 
of our privy council, to diirolve 
this prefent parliament, which ndw 
ilanJs pro>ogued to '1 hurfday the 
jifl day of this inftant March: 
We do for tliat end pnblifli this 
our royal proclam*"«tion, and do 
hereby diffolve the faid parlia- 
ment accordingly ; and the lords 
Spiritual and temporal, and the 
knights, citizens, and burgefles^and 



the comminioners for (hires loi 
burghs of the houfe of commow« 
are difchareed from their meeting 
and atteniknce on Thurfday tM 
faid 3 1 ft day of this infbuot Nbrck. 
And we being deftrous and refolv« 
ed, as foon as may be, to meet oor 
people, and to have their advice 
in parliament, do hereby mak^ 
known to all our lAring fubjeds, 
our royal will and pleafure to call 
a new parliament ; and do hereby 
further declare, that, with the ad- 
vice of our privy council, we have 
this day given order to our chan- 
cellor of Great-Britain to ifltie ont 
writs in due form, for calling a 
new parliament; which writs are 
to bear tefte on Saturday the nth 
day of this inftant March, and to be 
returnable on Tuefday the loth day 
of May next. 

Given at our court at St. James's, 
the eleventh day of March, 
one thoufand feven hundred 
and fixty-eight, in the eighth 
year of our reign. 

GOD (kve the KING. 



The lord chancellofi^s fpeech to M 
* Jboujej ff parliament i on the openint 
of the fj/s n on Wednffdetf the I \n> 
of May 9 1 768, <when the ccwimens 
prefented their jpraker, for the af* 
pr^hettion of the lords commiJficMtn 
appointed by bis majefiy. 

My lords and gentlemen, 

IN purfuance of the authority 
given us t)y his majefty's com* 
mimon under the great fcal, a* 
mongft other things, to declare 
the caufes of your prefent mcetin?, 
we are, by the king's command, 
to acquaint you, that his roajefty 
has not called yoa togetber at 

this 



STATE PAPERS. 



L2-7X 



this unnAial feafon of the year, in 
wilder to lay before you any matters 
of general bafinefs, but merely to 
give you an opportunity of dif- 
patching certain parliamentary pro- 
ceedings, which his majelly's deiire 
of providing, at all events, for the 
welfare and fecority of his good 
ibbjeds, makes him wi(h to fee 
completed as foon as poffible, and 
with that difpatch which the pub- 
lic convenience, as well as your 
own, require. 

His majefly, at the (ame time* 
has commanded us to aflure you of 
bis perfe^ confidence in this par- 
Itameot; and that he has the 
ftrongeft reafon> to exped every 
thing from their advice and afliil- 
ance, that loyalty, wi/dom, and 
zeal for the public good> can dic- 
tate or fugged. 

A addrefs of both bou/es of parlia' 
mnt, on Friday tbc I yb of May, 

Moil gracious fovereign, 

"IITE your majefty's moft dutiful 
\ V and loyal fubjefts, the lords 
fpiritual and temporal, and com- 
mons, in parliament aflembled, 
beg leave 10 return your majefty 
our moft hearty thanks for that 
gracious and paternal attention to 
the welfare of your people, which 
lus induced your majefty, at this 
time, to interpofe your own more 
immediate authority for putting an 
end to that dangerout difturbance 
of the public peace, thofe outra- 
geous ads of violence to the profpe- 
rity of your majefty's fubjeds, and 
that moft audacious defiance of the 
tnhoriiy of the civil magiftrates, 
which have of late prevailed to fo 
tlirming a de^^ in and near this 
great metropebs. 



Your majefty's exprefi com- . 
mand, iignified by your ro3ral pro- 
clamations, that all ihe laws, for ' 
preventing, fuppreifing,and punifh- 
ing> all riots, tumults, and unlawful 
aflemblies, be put into immediate, 
execution, wiil, we hope effednally 
prevent the continuance or repeti*. 
tion of thefc diibrders. 

But (hould any of your majefty*s 
fubjeds continue fo loft to all fenfe 
of their own true intereft* as well 
as duty, as to go on to interrupt* 
by their lawlefs and defperate prac- 
tices, that quiet and peaceable en«> 
joyment of every right and privi- 
lege alloted to each individual 
among us by our excellent confti- 
tution, which it has ever been your 
majefty's firil objed and chief glory 
to fccure and perpetuate to us all ; 
permit us, your majefty*s truly du- 
tiful and grateful fubjeds, the lords 
fpiritual and temporal, and com** 
mons, in parliament affembled, to 
aiTure your majefty of our ready 
concurrence in every meafure that 
may contribute to enable your ma- 
jefty moft efiedually to maintain 
the public authority, and carry the 
laws into due execution ; and of 
our determined refolution, jnoft 
chearfully and vigoroufly to fup» 
port your majefty againft every 
attempt to create difficulty or dit" 
turbance to your majefty's govcra- 
mentf 

His majejtfs moft gracious anjhuer* 

My lords and gentlemen, 

I receive with great fatisfadion 
this loyal, dutiful, and feafonable 
addrefs of both houfes of parlia*- 
ment. It is with the utmoll .cob-- 
cern, that I fee this fpirit of out* 
rage and violence prevailing a- 
mong different clafies of my .fnb^ 



271] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 

je^« I tm, howerer, convinced, eft aflbrtnces of thetr pacific dif- 

thac the vi^^oroas exertion of Ixw* portions towards this coancry* 

fa] authority » which I will con* No aiTttrinceS' however, (hall di* 

tinae to enforce, joined to your vert my conftant refolvtioB, fttd- 

fupport and afTiftance, will have faftly to attend to the general ia- 

the defired effed of reiloring quiet tcrefts of Europe; nor (hall any 

ai|d good order aniong my fub<« confideration prevail upon mc to 

joifU. . fufi^r any attempt that nay be 

made, derogatory to the hoooor 

—'""•■-■ ' ' ^ and dignity of my crown, oc in- 

Ifrs majefly^ moft grachms fittth u junous to tha righu of my peo- 

h9ih houfis 0/ farliament, on Tttef. pl*« 

Afy the eighth % ef Nownher, At the clofe of the h& parlii- 

»768. ment, I txpreffed my (atisfadioa 

at the appearaaces which then in- 

My ^^^^ aud gentlemen, duced me tx> believe, that fuch of 

'THHE opportunity which the my fubjcfts a5 had been mifled in 

X late general ele^ion gives fome part of my dominions, were 

me of knowing, from their repre^ returning to a juft fenfe of tbdr 

feotatives in parliament, the more duty. But it is with equal con- 

iaimediate fenfe of my people, has cern that I have iince (een that 

made me defirous of meeting you fpirit of fa£lion, which I had 

as oatiy as could be, conEftent hoped was well nigh extinguifhed, 

with your own convenience. The breaking out afrelh in fome of my 

ibarta^ of the lat^ fefHon of the. colonies in North America ; and, 

late pariiamrat, prevebted their in one of them, proceeding e\'en to 

proi^cuting the con£d ration of ads of violence, and of reliance 

thofe great commercial intereib, to the execution of the law ; the 

vhich had been entered upon in capital town of whi^h colony ap* 

the preceding feifion. You will, pears, by late advices, to be in a 

I am poriuaded, agr<*e with mc (late of difobediencc to all law 

in opimon, that your deliberations and government ; and has pro- 

01^ thofe very important objeAs cecd<M to meafures fubverfive of 

04ight to be refum^d without loft the conlUtution, and attended 

of tiwe; and 1 trufi that they will withcircumftanees thait naaifeil a 

terainate in fuch meafurer;, as may difpofition to throw off their dc* 

be produdive of the mod conlidfir* pendtece on Great Britain. Oa 

able and eilential benefits to this my part, I have p«rfued every 

nation. meafure that appeared to be ne- 

It would have given me great ocflary for fupportiag the conAi- 

fati 'aflion to have been able to tujtion, and inducing a due obc- 

aoqioafnt yo», that all the other dience to ihe authority of the \»^ 

pOAert of Europe had been aa |ii)at«re. Yoa may rely lipoa ay 

cantul as I have ei*er been, tQ ieady pcrfeverance ia \\mk pur 

taki gany ^x> that might pe(Sffa; and 1 doubt not but th^t» 



•a4ang«r the g^^eral traaqnilUtv. with your concurrence aud falp* 
} have coalhuitly^rcceived* and oo p^t^^ I (Mi be abU tci defeat the 
iattKeuivefaottchaau ilMftraag^ mifchievous defigon ^ ihoU tur* 

buleoC 



STATE PAPERS* 



b73 



holent sod feditioos perToae^ wlio» 
uuier faUe pretences, have but 
too fttCcefsfiiilf deluded nambers 
of my fubje^ in America; and 
wbofe pradkes, if fuifered to pre- 
vail, cannot fail to produce tht 
mod fatal coofequences to my €0«> 
Ionics isunediatelyv and, in the 
end. to all the dlominions of m/ 
down. 

Gentlemen of the hoafe of 
connions, 

TTie proper eftimates for the 
fcnrice of the cirfuing year, I have 
ordered to hd laid before you ; 
fully relying on your read in eft 
to grant me the neceflary AippKes. 
Indeed 1 canoot have a doubt of 
finding, in this houfe of com- 
cioos, the fame affectionate at* 
tuchment to my perfon and go- 
vernment, as I have always hither- 
to experienced from ray faithful 
commons. 

My lordit and gea^leMeo, 
It is with great latisfadlion that 
I now &std myfelf enabkd to re- 
j^e with you upon the relief^ 
whkh the poorer fort of my peo^- 
pic are BOW enjoy ine» from the 
diiUefs which they had fo Ions 
laboured imder i:om the high 
pcice of corn. At the fame time 
that we 4re bound devoutly to ac*> 
kaowiedge, ia this iniUoce, the 
gncious intctpodtioA of Pfovi* 
^tace, it will become us to apply 
the beft prccautH>n> thac humaa 
wifdom can fuggcft, for guarding 
againU the recurn of the late cala- 
mity. In the choice, however, of 
proper means for that purpofe, you 
canoot proceed with too gre^t cic- 
camfpeciion. 

1 have nothing farthei to ye- 
commtnd to you, ihahrhaC in all 
jQUf deliberations, you keep ap a 



ipirit of harmony ainong your- 
(elves. Whatever differences of 
opinion may prevail in other 
points, let it appear, that where* 
ever the intcreft of your country 
is immediately concerned^ you are 
all ready to unite. Such an ex- 
ample from yon cannot fail of hav- 
ing the bell effcOs upon the temper 
of my people in every part of my 
dominions ; and can alone produce 
that general union among our- 
felves, which will render us pro- 
perly refpefted abroad, and happy 
at home* 

The addnfi oftbi boufi affords^ 

Moft gracious fovereign, 

WE, your majefty's moft duti- 
ful and loval fubjeas, the 
lords fpiritual and temporal in par- 
liament afTembled, beg leave to re- 
turn your majefty our humble thankf 
for your moft graciout fpeech from 
the throne. 

We ^^t9 with hearts full of gra- 
titude, to acknowledge 'that royal 
goodnefs, fo evidently manifeft to all 
your people, by your majcfly's con- 
da^i I attention to the great commer- 
cial iii*^«rrdb of this country. Wc 
ihould be wj-ntiag on our psrt, if we 
did not applv ro the coniideratlon 
of them with that alacrity, which 
obje^s fo very important, and ca* 
pable: of producing the moft eiTca- 
tial bencEts to the nation, demand 
of u:. 

The refolution, which yoar na- 
jefty is pleafcd to exprefs, that 
you will not fuffer any attempt to 
be made derogatory to the honour 
and dignity of your crown, or in- 
jurious to the rights of your peo« 
pie, does, and ever will, call from 
OS the a£urances of our moft 
cheat ful fupport ; nor do we con- 
ceive 



%j6] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 

lately faffered by the high price of 
corn ; and we will, by every pru- 
dent meafure, endeavour to guard, 
as far as in us lies,, againft the re* 
turn cf that calamity. 

Your faithful conomons will, 
with the utmoft zeal and alacrity, 
grant to your majefty every nc- 
ceiTary fupply ; and ftudy to ma- 
nifeft in all their proceedings that 
umfprm attachment to the public 
good, which your majefly is gra- 
cioufly pleated to recommend to 
chem, aad of which your roaj^lly't 
own conduft furniihes an UluArious 
e^cample. 



Mij fnaJ€fij*s mofi grac'tbus fuifwir. 
Gentlemen, 

I return you my hearty thanks 
for your very dutiful and affctiion- 
ixc addrefs. 

The attachment which you ma*- 
rtifeflto me, and my family, in your 
congratulations upon the fafe deli- 
very of the queen, and the birth of 
another princcfs, is extremely ac- 
ceptable to me. Nothing can afford 
me greater fatisfa^ion than the af- 
furanccs you give me of applying 
your earned attention to the relief 
of my people ; and your refolution 
to maintain the authority of the le- 
giHature over adl the dominions of 
m/ crown. 



St. Jamts*s, Jao. 9* 

^thf folU^ing mddtxfs 9f thi 

fiUhirers and traders oftbt ciikt |f 

LomdoM Mid IViJImi^fr^ mM tifo 

$hoJi of Spiul-Jiilds and parts ad* 

ja£$ntt hms ium fr§Jknttd /i hit 

saajtfyi 'which idirtft his tma* 

jifij 'was pk^d 4$ rKiiftt 'unygro' 

To Um KING'S mtA excellent 

Aiaj«Ily« 

•May it pleal'e vour majefty^ 

WE your majedy's moft dutiful 
and loyal fabjeA^i manufac- 
turers and traders of your cities of 
Londoi) and Wenmiafter^ as alfo 
thofe of Spital-fieldi and paru ad* 
jacent, hfimbly offer Ofir moll grate* 
ful'thanks, for the lata InfUnce of 
your majefly's paternal ttadertitfs 
and compaflionate regard* exprefied 
in your royal declaratioo, that all 
future court mournings fliall b« 
ibortened. 

We have the deeper fenfe af chii 
mark of your majefty's gracioiit 
condefcenOon, as it was olifolicited ; 
a refolution which at once pr«moiea 
trade, invigorates induflry , and can 
never be forgotten in the annals of 
your majefly 's reign. 

-The example fo replete wi(h 
love to your fubjefts in general* 
and compaffiOn to the poor rnanu* 
fadlorers in particular, iafpires at 
wi^h the warmeft and moll refpcA* 
fill gratitude; knA will ever en» 
gage our prayers to Divine Pro» 
vidance» that your majeHy may 
long continue to reign in the hearts 
of your grateful people x to Ihara 
the bleili«gs of domeflic felicity 
with your illuflrious confort, and 
royal ilTue : and to experience the 
happy reward your majelly's dif- 
tinguifhcd vittues fo eminently 
merit. 

1h$ 



S T A T'E PAPERS. 



£277 



mmr^ems, mfijhuas, mid evmrnwud-- 
tj of $kt tradf^ art, and myfierj 
f^^uuHm'i, Loudom^ i^ heeen fre^ 
JcMted t9 bis majejtji nvhich ad^ 
drt/s his majejty ivas fleafed to 

Ta the KING's moft^ excrilent 

inajffty. 

\Mk gimciQVt fovereign. 

WE yottrmajefty^ jDoft dutiful 
and loyal fubjeds^ the bai- 
liffs, wardens^ aiTz^lantSy and com- 
monalty of the trade, art, and 
wyftery «f wcavcj:s, London, in 
bdulf of ourfdves, and the filk 
nuMifa^ittrers in and aboat Spital- 
iel^i 

Moft httmblf beg leare to em- 
brace the firft opportuaity, a$ in 
^ty beuad, to return our moll 
tntefol thanks to yoar majefly, 
for yoof majcfty's late taok gra- 
cieos declaration, that, in com« 
ptiboB to the nttjx^cr oF manu- 
w^rcw And traders, who have 
been great Ibffrrerj by the length 
of conrt-moumings^ your majcfty 
baA been pteafcd to give direfti- 
ens for Shortening them in future. 
Such tender feeling for the fub- 
jeds of a Ibte could only infpire 
the royal breaft of a prince, whofe 
Tirtncs loudly proclaim the good of 
his people to be the firfl objed of 
hb thoughts, and the uhimate end 
of all his aflioas. 

Wc beg leave moft hnmbly to 
affure your majelly, that this your 
toajefty^i benevolent refolution will 
greatly promote the filk manufac- 
Ures of this kingdom, give great 
fpirit to the trade^ tend to the im- 
provement of it in many branches, 
tod be the means of giving cooftant 



employment to onr workmen ; ma* 
ny of whom, owing to the late 
mournings, hare been out of em- 
ploy and in want of bread. 

At tne fame time that we offer 
up our tribute of thanks to your 
majeHy, we fhonld think ourfelves 
very ungrateful to your majefty's 
royal confort, if we did not humbly 
exprefs our fcnfe of th^ great obli- 
gations we lay under to her roajef- 
ty, for her generous patronage and 
encouragement of our filk maniifac* 
ture f and we are bound to make 
the fame acknowledgment to the 
reft of the royal family,"^or the dif- 
tinguifhed preference they give to 
the wrought dlks of this kingdom. 

That your majefty's reign may 
be happy « long, and glorious, will 
be the conftant prayer of us your 
majcfty's moft faitnful fubje^ls. 

Wcavers-hall, Jan. 4, 1768. 

£b. Bricgs, clsrk* 



Jl frweUsmmtim mgainfi riots, tumuli s^ 
msd tmiofwftd ajfimhlies, t^c. 

GaoaoB R. 

'tTTHEREAS it has been re- 
\ f prefented unto us, that di- 
vers diiSblute and diUbiderlyperfoos 
have, of late, frequently aidembled 
themfelves together in a riotous and 
unlawful manner, to the difturbance 
of the public peace; and, particii- 
larly, that large bodies of feamen, 
confiiling of feveral thoufaads, have 
aiTembled tumultuouily upon the 
river Thames; and tnder a pre* 
tence of the infufficiency of the 
wases allowed by the merchiims 
ana otkers* have in the moH dix 
in^ manner, taken poilelTion, by 
violence, of fiiifvcral outward botina 

(hips 



a;?] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1)68. 



ftips. ready to fail, and by un* 
bending the fusii, and Itrikiag 
the yard^ and topmafts^ have Hop- 
ped them in the profecution of 
their voyages; and that thefe ads 
of violence have been accompa- 
nied with threats of flill greater 
outrages ; which have fpread terror 
and alarm among thofe the moll 
likely to beaffed'fd thereby; and 
it has been further reprefented to 
lis, that fome of the (aid difTolutc 
and diforderly perfoi^ have au- 
daciouily attempted to deter and 
intimidute the civil magiftratcs 
from doing their duty: We hav- 
ing taken the fame into our fe- 
rious c nfideration> and being duly 
ienfible of t^e mifchevious confe- 
quences that may enfue from the 
continuarx^ or repetition of fuch 
difordersy have thought fit, by and 
vith the advice of our privy coun- 
cil» to iifue this our royal procla- 
mation ; hereby (Iridly requiring 
and commanuiu^ ^he lord-mayor 
and other the julHces of the pcste 
of oor city of London* and alfo 
the juflices of the peacie of our 
city and liberties of Weftminfter 
and borough of Southwark, and 
of our counties of Middlefex, 
Surrey, and Kent, and all other our 
peace officers, that they do feve- 
fal'y ufe their utmoft endeavours, 
by every legal means in their 

J)ower, efFr^lually to prevent and 
iuppiefs all riot«, tumults and 
unlawful alTemblies, and to that 
end to put in doc execution the 
laws and (hitutes now in force for 
p'^e^xnting, fuppreffing, and pn- 
oifhing, the fame; and that all 
our lovine fubjeds be aiding and 
affiiling therein ; and we do fxir- 
ther graciouflv d.clare. That the 
faid roagiflrates and all others aA- 
ing in obedience to thu oar com* 



mand, may rely on oar royal pro* 

teflion and fupport for fo doing. 

Given at o.ur court at St. James's, 

the nth day of May, 176S, 

in the eighth year of our reign. 



His excellency Gnrgi Urd tnfcmmt 
Tvwnjhtndt lord liiutenant general 
and gentrml gt v tmor pf Ireland , 
bis Jpeecb to both houfes of parlia- 
ment at Dublin, on Friday tie IJtb 
day of May, 1 768, tuitb the fro* 
clumationfor dtffol'ving the farliM* 
ment. 

My lords, and gentlemen, 

THE advanced feafon of the 
year, and the extraordinary 
length of yoar attendance, make 
it neceffary for you to return to 
your feveral counties as foon as 
poffible. 

Amongft the many good laws 
which have been pajQitrd, it was 
with particular {atisf&dion that I 
gave the royal aflent to tha't for 
fimiting the duration of parlia- 
ments : hL majeily't gracious con- 
dcfcenfion to his ful>jeds, in that 
inilance, call for the wa^eil re- 
turns of gratitude and affedion; 
and I truft it will be produaire of 
the moft fubftantial and permaoeat 
advanuges to the kingdom in ge* 
nerai. 

Gentlemen of the hoafe of 
commons, 

I am commanded to thank yoo* 
in his raajefty^s name, for the fap- 
plics which haye been eranted tq 
fapport the prefent cihtblUhment; 
and, you may be alTared, they 
(hall be applied, with the utmolt 
frugality, to the purpofcf tor which 
thry were intended. 



STATE PAPERS. 



[279 



My lordl and gentlemen. 
That the inconyeniences which 
onavoidably attend a general elec* 
tien fluy be as little felt at poffible» 
his majefty, in his paternal good- 
nds» hath commanded me> with all 
convenient fpeed« to diflblve the 
preient parliament, and to iflae 
mts for calling a-new one> as foon 
as the nfiial andconftitntional conrfe 
of proceedings in like cafes will 
permit* 

Bat his majeily will not pat an 
end to this parliament, without iiav- 
io| £rft thanked you for the many 
cnuaent proofs which you have 
given him of your inviolable fidelity 
aadattachmenttohis perfon, family, 
and government ; nor can hb ma- 
jeily in the lead doubt of receiving 
hah marks of the fame afiedion, 
loyalty, and zeal, in the choice of 
repreien^atives at the next general 
cledion. 

I recommend it to you, mod ear- 
seMf, that by your example an4 
authority you do, in your fe veral ila- 
tions, prelerve that good order, and 
due execution of the laws, fo pccu-. 
harly aeceflary at this time. 

And that you do, by your firm- 
leis and prudence, difcountenance 
the repeated attempts which have 
been made, by falfe reprefentations, 
to alienate the affc^ions of thepeo- 
le; to fill their minds with ground- 
fs jealoudes ; and ftir up unjufl. 
complaints. 

I return you my warmed acknow- 
ledgments for the very honourable 
andobliging manner in which you 
have exprctted your approbation of 
ay eondud ; and I dehre you will 
be affured that my bed endeavours 
ihall, upon every occafion, be uni- 
formly and ftrenuoufly exerted to 
promote the intered and profperity 
of Ireland* 



t 



And then the lord-chancellor de. 
clared, that it was his exoel- 
lency the lord lieutenant's plea- 
fnre, that this parliament be 
prorogued to the 14th day of 
June next; and the parliament 
was accordingly prorogued to 
the 14 th day ofjune next. 
Dublin-Cadle. 
By the Lord Lieutenant General and 
General Governor of Ireland. 
A PROCLAMATION. 

Towndiend. 
WHEREAS his majedy hath fig- 
nified unto us his royal pleafu re, that 
the prefent parliament of this king- 
dom, which now dands prorogued 
to the 14th day of June next, be 
forthwith didblved, 

WE the lord lieutenant of Ireland* 
in obedience to his majedy 's com« 
mands, do pubLifh and declare, that 
the faid parliament be, and accord- 
ingly the faid parliament is hereby, 
diSblved. And the lords fpiritual 
and temporal, and the knights, citi- 
zens, and burgefTes, of the houfe of 
commons, are difcharged from their 
meeting and attendance on the faid 
14th day ofjune next. 

Given at his Majedy's Cadle 
of Dublin, the 2Sth day of 
May, 176S. 
By his excellency's command, 

Frederick Campbell. 
God fave the KING. 

The adirejfes of both bcujls cf parlia- 
ment to bis excellency the lord lieu-- 
tenant. 

The hnmi/e addre/s cf the lords fii* 
ritual and temporal in parliament 
efffemhled* 
May it pleafe your excellency, . 

W£, the lords fpiritual and tern* 
poral in parliament aflcmbled, 
cannot look back upon what has 
paded dnring the prefent fedion of 

pailia. 



28o] ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



parliament, whick bow feems to be 
drawing near toits cottcluliony with- 
out obierviRg, yniih gratitude and 
, pl^afure, how eminently it is diftin- 
gttifhed by the many ufefal hills 
vhicb Kive received your excel- 
ItncyS kind countenance auid affid- 
ance> and moH eminently by Ue bill 
for limiting the duration of parlia- 
ments, which having paiZicd into a 
law, will for ever rem^l the highell 
glory and hononr upon your excel- 
lency's adminidration. 

Your excelleacy^ naany pubTic 
and private virtiies have mod de«- 
fervedly acquired oor greateft ef* 
teem ; and it is but juil that we fiiooid 
exprefn it as we now beg leave to do. 
But this expreflioD would be inade- 
qirate, did we not add to it, as we 
mod iincerely do, our grateful and 
hearty tnanks to your excellency for 
your faithful and moft difintereiled 
conda^, for your vigilant and aur 
wearied attention to, and your zea- 
lous endeavoui^ to promote and pre- 
{trve the trade, manufa£iurc5, the 
peace and prof per ity of tbatking- 
aoFif> 

We cannot b«t kav« peaiarkcd^ 
and we mo ft honowr and admire the 
amiable homanity, charity, conde- 
fceniion, and goodne^, by which 
your excellencv has rendered your 
government Kbaou table and re- 
fpcdable in itfelf, and highly fatif- 
fa£loiy and agreeable to as. 

To ibis permit us, with all hum- 
ble fubmiflion and duty to his ma- 
jcfty to fubjoin our wifhes and our 
hopes, that, as far as may con&d 
with his nwjefty*s sfair^, yowr ex- 
cellency, fo acceptable to iMa»our 
chief governor, may not fooft be 
taken from us. 



Hit exeilimc/s mi/mtf* 
My lords, 

Yoar approbatiott of my carfca* 
vonrs foe the pubbc fcrvice, gira 
nte the moil (enitble fatisfiaiM> 
and deferves my fincered ackaow* 
l<?dgm<Mica. Yourlocdihipbmayba 
afiured, that the iatcreft and prof* 
perity of thia kingdom (hall be tke 
conftant objed of my cart aad at* 
tention. 
The humble addrefi of the kaigkrf 

eithuBSt mtul hu»gifi$9 im fmlur 

mtfii affewihkd, 

Mny it pleaTeyoor excclleacy, 

WE, hismajelt^r'smoftdatiAil 
and loyal fabje£lt^ the cooi- 
mons of Ireland in parliaiacm a^ 
fembl 'd, think it oar doty to retura 
your excellency our mod iaeere 
thank> for your mild, jnft, and pnk 
dent adminiftratioiu 

Happy in having devoted oor awa 
exillence to the liberties of oor 
country, we find oarielv«$ oodcr an 
indefpenfable oW^aiionyat ourap* 
proaching dift>latiOB,toexpfe(scha 
warmeil acknowledgnMPntstoa chief 
governor, in whofe admimlbatioB, 
and with whoie afiAaocc, we have 
been gratified wBth ihenoUe oppor- 
tonity of diftingoiflung oarielve^ 
from oar predece«>rs, by leaviag co 
polarity a moanment of o«r d£o- 
tereted love for the people wc have 
the honour to reprtient ; and im ex- 
ample, that the happiaefa f£ ov 
conftitnents has in our owa breaib 
taken i^ce of erery ochca coafide- 
ration* 

The ma/>7 V^ ^^"^ obtalaad 
daring rhie iatton of poilianiem, 
particularly thofe for the eacoo^ 
ragemeatof tillage, and thcfafaoff 
of our manofa^ures, and the ma^ 
which has fo happily been eda- 
hli(hedfor the rcdaAioa ofoarBa* 
tional debt, by the tax onaUaauA 



STATE PAPERS. 



[281 



will ertr remain the moft IMng 
and honouraUe memorials of your 
excellency*! adminiftration, and 
will, in as eminent a degree, diftin- 
foifii your public* as the moft ami* 
able manners adorn your excellen- 
cy's private charader. 

We chearfally embrace this op- 
iK)ftttBity of aflhring your excel- 
lency we hftTe the finneft reliance* 
founded on his majefty's paternal 
regard for his people* and your ex- 
cellency's afe^ionate wiihes for the 
nrofperity of this kingdom, that all 
fttch laws* as may be neceflary for 
the further improvement of our con* 
ibtution* will be obtained at fuch 
time as his ma jefty in his royal wif- 
dom (hall think moft feafonable. 

Impreflisd with the dcepeft fenti- 
ments of gratitude to the beft of 
kings* we have* during the whole 
courfe of his majefty's reign* fnp- 
ported his majefty's government 
with dignity and honour 1 and from 
your excdlenc3r's known juftice and 
candour* we have the fidleft confix 
dence* that your excellency will 
make the moft favourable repre- 
foitation to his majefty of the inr 
violable atuchment of the com- 
mons of Ireland to his majefty's fa- 
ered pcrfon* and illuftrions family* 
/^'/ ExceUgmjf's mnfwtr^ 
Gentlemen* 
I return yoo my iiocereft thanks 
for this very kind addrefs : I re- 
ceive with particular fatisfaQion 
this honoorable approbation of my 
coodtt^.— It was my duty* and it 
will always be my inclination* to 
promote the true intereft and pro- 
sperity of this kingdom to the at* 
moft of my power.— —I will moft 
* faithfully reprefent to his majefty 
your conftant and affe^Uonate zeal 
for hii perfoo* family* and govern* 
ment. 
Vot. XL 



Manifejh of the grmnd feignhrp cmt^ 
aming tht %uar dtclared by bis 
bighngfi agmnft tbe imprtfs tf 
iStffui, Mi'uered ihe ^Oib §f Oc^ 
ttbtr iafi, /# the fireifH mmftirs 
rejiding at Ctmftttntinopu. 

IT may clearly be feen by what 
follows^ that the Sublime Porta 
has ftri^y obferved the articles of 
the peace* eftablUhed between his 
empire and the court of Ruflia* who> 
on the contrary, has infringed them 
in many inftances. 

The court of Ruflia* againft the 
faith of treaties* has not deftfted 
from building various fortreiles on 
t)ie frontiers of the two ftates* and 
has provided them with troops and 
ammunition. 

In the year 1177 (or 1763), oa 
the death of AuEuftus the third* 
king of Poland* the republic of Po- 
land intending* according to the fyf- 
tem of the Polifh liberty* to proceed 
to the ele£iion of a king* the court 
of Ruffia fet up ft>r king a private 
Poliih officer* in whofe family there 
had never been any king* and t0 
whom loyalty was not becoming ; 
and has* by ftding with this king* 
intruded on and traverfed* againft 
the will of the republic* all the af- 
fairs of the Poles. The Porte hav- 
ing given notice of this to the Ruf- 
fian refident* he declared that the 
republic of Poland having required 
A ceruin niimber of troops to proted 
its own liberty* fix thoufand horfe 
and a thouiand cofiacks were grant* 
ed for that purpofe* who had neither 
cannon nor ammunition with them* 
and were to be under the command 
of the republic* and that there was 
not a ilngle Ruffian foldier above 
that number in Poland. Vet, when 
he was i^d* ibme,time after, why 
the court of Ruffia had feat more 
\T\ troops 



a82] ANNUAL REGISTER, i76«. 

tTOope into Poland; andwhyrio- 'that the Haydamacks had done fome 

lence had been afed on theeledion damage, bat that care would be 

•f Poniatowiky, Ton of one of the uken to pnnilh them ; althpagh it 

Srandees of Poland, the faid reft- is notortoas that the Haydamacks 

ent aflured, by a writing figned nevermakenfe of cannon nor bombi 

with his hand, that his court had in their irruptions. The Snbltme 

not declared for any perfon, nor had Porte, not withftanding,ftill periUed 

ever made ufe of violent means for in requiring fatisfadion for fach a 

the eleAion of any one whatfoever. conduct, and (HU demanded the tea* 

Notwithftandlng this afTurance and fon why the court of RoiEa would 

declaration, the court of Ruffia has not, thefe three years paft, wi^thdmw 

been continually fending troops, its troops from Poland, fince the ar- 

cannon, and amiflunition, under tides of the treaty, concloded in 

the command of its own generals, 1 133 (17 19), and that of ii^a 

who continued to attack the Polifh (1738), ftipulate, « That as oftoi 

liberty, and put to death thofe who as any event (hall happen, capable 

TcMed to fubmit to the perfon that of difturbin^ the perpetual peace ik 

themfeWes had not defied for their thetwoempires, they ihou Id proceed 

king, and who was not the fon of a ifi/o /aSot to the means of termi* 

king ; flripping them, with da- nating them in an amicable man- 

mour and violence, of their goods ner ;' nevertheleis, the outrages aad 

and eftates. Such a condud being devafUtions at Balta have been de> 

prodttfiive Of confuiion in the good nied, and the pnnifliment of thofe 

order of the Sublime Porte, he was who had the boldnefs to be guilty of 

given to nnderiland /that, according them, has been poftponed and even 

to the tenor of the articles of the old neglected. The ftlenc^ itfelf of the 

, and new imperial capitulations, the Rnffian refident, who having been 

coui^ of Ruflia muft order her troops invited to come to the Porte to an* 

to evacuate Poland : this, the faid fwer for this proceeding, and to de- 

reftdent promifed by feveral memo- dare what his court meant by Hill 

rials figned; but this promife has keeping its troops in Poland, proves 

not been fulfilled. In the mean the infraction of the treaty. At Uft 

time the Sublime Porte received ad- he was afked definitively, whether, 

vice that fome Rufiian troops had according to the ancient and new 

been fent to Balta (one of the mnf- treaties, which fubfift between the 

fulnian frontiers), with fome artil- two empires, the court of Raffa 

lery, and had, unexpectedly, at- wouldc^efifl from meddling with the 

tacked the muflulmans, and mafla* ailajj^ of Poland, under p set en c e of 

cred upwards of a thoofand perfons* guaranty and promife ; he replied, 

men, women, and children. that his ifull power was limited, and 

The Sublime Pone having again that he could not anfwer thereupon, 

demanded fatisfadiorifrom the court £nce^«hat artide was known co hi» 

of Ruffia for this outrage, which, a- xourtonly. Such a bekavionr plain* 

gainfl the tenor of treaties had been 1y demoftftrates that the aboveoien- 

committed with artillery ; and the tioned power thinks proper to take 

khan of Crimea having alfo de- upon irfeU the infradion of treaties; 

mandedfatufaftion for the fame, the therefore it is that the illnftrioos 

(aid court denied the faA^alledging, doClors.of the law have gives by 

5 * /krms 



STATE PAi»EltS* 



[a83 



fitroi (or legal fentences) their an* 
fwen diat» * accoiding to the exi- 
gency of joftice, it was neceflary to 
■take war againft the Mofcorites :* 
an opinion that has been anani* 
SKwdy confirmed. Thus the arrefl 
of the faid refident being become 
neceflary, we give by thefe prefentSy 
notice to all the powers of £urope> 
that the (aid refident (hall be guard- 
ed in the caftle of the Seven Tow- 
eiv; and that, daring* the whole 
time that this traafadion has laie^, 
the SnUine Porte has done nothing 
that might break the friendfhip» 
nor any thing contrary to the arti-. 
des Of the treaties condnded be- 
tween the two empires, drc. 

nt detlarmi^m rftki imperial c$mrt of 
JtmfimH the marts ef Eunf€» npou 
fir mmfi rf i$t mwfttr^ rtfidnu m 

H£R imperial majefty, in tak- 
ing a part in the tranfadions 
of the repabHe of Poland, as homa- 
inty on one fide, and the obligations 
of her crown on the other, had 
prompted her, was no lefs careful to 
condod hetfelf in fqch a manner as 
mt to give any ambrage to a jealoas 
and powerful neighbour : every part 
of her condud was public ; and (he 
hid likewtfe a particular attention 
to communicate in confidence to the 
Ottoman Porte herredolutions upon 
every fiep (he took, and the conaud 
(he intended to obfenre, till the 
peace and tranquillity of that king- 
dom was entirely re-e(faEbli(hed. But 
the enemies to the peace of thefe 
two empires were not wanting to 
VlKlcen at the Porte all the aAions 
of her imperial majefty, and to fow 
there the feeds of dUcord by the moft 
fiiUe impntationi. The Porte» ro- 
ftrained by the upright condod the 
court o^Rufiia continued to maintain 



towards them> liilened, but it was 
with caution, to the calumny that 
was fpread. Some attention to the 
afiairs of Poland* and an impartial 
mcamination of what Ruffia had 
done, compared with the overtures 
made by that court at the Porte, had 
difpelled all fofpicioo, and the 
public tranquillity feemed to be no 
OEiore threatened. The conunon 
enemies, however, repeated their 
infinqations with more rage and au- 
dacity than ever, toimpoi^upon the 
credisUty of the Turkifli nation, and 
infofed a fpirit of difcontent among 
them, whirh called for the notice of 
govcnunent, for it had forced its 
w^Y even into the feraglio. The 
change in the minidry brought 
about by thefe events, foon produced 
a revolution in the fydem <k peace^ 
equally dear to both nations. The 
new vizir, upon his advancement^ 
iminediately lent for Mr. Obfe(kow> 
her imperial majefty 's refidentat the 
Porte, and> after having caufed to 
be read in his prefence a declaration 
full of heavy charges againft hit 
court, part of which already have 
been invalidated by the moft fair 
and candid explanations, and others 
that had never exifted, or were ever 
thought of, the viair prefled him to 
fign immediately, under the guaran- 
ty of thealliesot hisfovereign, fome 
very offeoftve eonditions^ in regard 
to which there never had been made 
the leaft propofal during the whole 
courfe of the operations in Poland. 
The(eeonditions,very d^rogatorytd 
the honojlr and glory of an emprefi 
accuftomed to receive no law, pro* 
pofed in a tone and form repugnanf 
to the freedom of negoctationadmt- 
ed by every power, were attcncied 
With the alternative of an immed^ . 
ate rnpttue of the perpetual peact 
between the two empires. The 
[T\ a Rufiun 



284 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768- 

Ruffian minifter, confident of the together with iti fortrefies» to 

upright intentions of his courts France, the Utter paying in mooqr 

and confcioas of the probity of for the artillery and warlike ftorci, 

his own condudt, as haring fulfilled according to a valoatien which fhaO 

the duties of a long minillry, was be made of them. 

incapable of unwormily degrading II. The fovereigaty of that ifland 

hb court and his own charader by ihall always remain veiled in the 

d humiliating engagement, and republic. 

which woula have exceeded the IIL Every perfon (hall be pre- 

power and comroiffion of any mini- ferved in his efficds on proving the 

Her, let them be ever fo exteniive ; right he has to them, 

he gave therefore a pofitive refuiaU IV. The Corficans ihall be deean 

as became his honour and his duty-: ed fubjeds of France^ fo long as 

a nd the refolution of the di* the latter continnes in poffeffion of 

van, which followed immediately that ifle. 

after, was to arreft him, and pare V. France fliall be obli^ t$ 

of his retinue, and carry him to the maintain their fixteen battalions, 

cattle of the Seven Towers.— It VI. France Ihall guaranty the 

would be needlefs for the imperial Genoefe commerce againtt the Cor* 

court of Ruffia, to dwell any longer fican and Barbary cmifert. 

upon this event, or to enter here into VII. In cafe the republic flumU 

an examination of it. The fad be deiirous of refamiag again the 

fpealcs for itfelf. The honour and poiTeflion of that kingdom, it ihall 

glory of her imperial ma jetty — the repay to France all the charm 

regard to her empire, point out the that crown ihall have been mof 

part it is right for her to take, that time; for which purpofe aa 

Confiding in the juftice of her exad account ihall be kept of all 

caufe, il^ appeab to all Chrittian that the latter ihall have advanced, 

courts on the ficuation ihe itnds and likewife of the revenues it ihall 

herfelf in with regard to the com- have coUeded. 

mon enemy of chrittianity, certain VIII. The king ihall beftow ia 

as ihe is, that her cohdnd will meet property on the republic the fove* 

with equal approbation from each reignty of the lile of Caprxa. This 

of them, and that ihe ihall have the treatv contaiM befides three fecret 

advantage to join to the divine pro- articles. 

tedion the juft affittance of her . . 

friends, and the good wiihes of all 

Chriilendom. DicUarmtioH wtadi bj tht French hini 

•nfindimg his trmps f takt t^J- 

"~" ' fien tftbt ijland cfC^viiQi. 

Treaty c^tcluded ttfrwicn fhe French T OU IS, by the grace of God, 

king and thg rtpuhlic of Genoa, -^ '^"^S ®^ France and Navarre, 

for tht ccJJtQn of tbt ijland of Cor- ^® ^^ ^^ wfcom thefe prefcnts ihall 

fica. come greeting ; 

T. ,. ^ The fecene republic of Genot 

HE reoubhc of Genoa cedes having entruiled in our hand»t by 

the kingdom of Corfica, a voluntary ceflion, the righu of 

fore- 



STATE PAPERS. 



[»85 



fof ereignty which (he pofleiTed over 
the kingfdom of Comca> and hav- 
ing delivered to our troops the 
places which the Genoefe occu- 
pied in that ifland^ we have taken 
charge of the government and in- 
dependent fovereignty of the king- 
dom of Corfica ; and that the 
Bore willingly, as we Jiope to ex- 
erdfe it merely for the good of the 
people of that ifland, our new fub- 

Our intention is, to grant to the 
Corfican nation all the advantages 
they can defire» if they fubmit to 
oar fovereign rights. We will 
preTcrve them from all future ap- 
prekenfions with refpedt to the con- 
tiaoation of the diflurbances by 
which they have been diflrelfed for 
fo many years paft* We will watch 
over the profperity, the glory and 
hippitieis of our dear people of 
Corfica in general » and of every 
individual in particular, with the 
ientiment» of a paternal heart. We 
vin maintain, upon onr royal word. 



the conditions we have promifed, 
in regard to the form of govern- 
ment, to the nation, and to thofe 
who ihall ihew themfelves mod sva- 
lotts and moft ready to fubmit to 
our obedience : ana we hope that 
nation, enjoying this advantage 
and our royal protedlon by fuch 
precious ties, will not put us upon 
treating them as rebels, an4 perpe- 
tuate in the ifland of Coriica diflurb- 
ances which cannot but prove de- 
ftruAive to a people whom we have 
adopted with complacency amonp 
the number of our fubjeds. And 
in order that our intentions upon 
this head might be fully known, 
we have caufed pur feal to be put 
to thefe prefents. 

Given at Compcigne, the 5 th 

dayofAugufl, 1768, and 

in the- 53d year of our 

reign. 

(Signed) LOUIS. 

And underneath. 

The Duke de Choisevl. 



CHARACTERS. 



For the YEAR 1768. 



CHARACTERS. 



Of thf Englilh ; fnm Voltaire*! 
Primce/s rf Bahjkm. 

AMAZAN had heard fo mach 
among the Bataviansy in 
praife of a certain iiland called Al- 
oion, that he was led by coriofity 
to embark with hb unicorns on 
board a (hip* which, with a favour- 
able eafterfy wind, carried him in 
four hours to that celebratedicoun- 
try, more famous than Tyre, or the 
Atlantic iiland. 

In a little time Amazan was on 
the road to the capital of Albion, 
in his coach and fix unicorns, all 
hb thoughts employed on hb dear 
princefs ; at a fmall didaoce he per- 
ceived a carriage overturned in a 
ditch ; the fervants had gone dif- 
ferent ways in queft of affiftance, 
bat the owner kept his feat, fmoak- 
inghb pipe with great tranquillity, 
without teftifying the fmalleft impa- 
tience : hb name was My Lord 
What^then, in the language from 
which I tranflate thefe memoirs. 

Amazan made all the hafte poffi- 
bk to help him, and with his nngle 
arm fet the carriage to rights ; fo 
mach was hb ftrength fuperior to 
thAC of other men. MyLordWhat- 
rhea took no other notice of him, 
than dying, A ftout fellow, by 
G— d! In the mean time, the 
coontry people being come up, flew 
into a great paflion at being called 
oat to no porpofe, and fell upon 
the ibanger. They abufed him# 

vot.5a 



called him outlandiih dofl^,and chal- 
lenged him to ibip and box. 

Amazan feized a brace of them in 
each hand, and threw them twenty 
paces from him ; therefl feeing this, 
palled off their hats, and bowing 
with great refpe^, aiked his honour 
for fomethine to drink. Hb ho- 
nour gave them more money than 
they had ever feen in their lives be- 
fore. My Lord What-then now ex- 
prefled great efleem for him, and 
aiked him to dinner at hb country- 
houfe, about three miles off. Hb 
invitatioii being accepted^ he went 
into Amazan 's coach, his own be- 
ing out of order by the accident. 

After a quarter of an hour's ii- 
lence. My Lord What-then looking 
upon Amazan for a moment, (aicf. 
How d'ye do ? which, by the way, 
b a phrafe without any meaning ; 
adding. You have got fix fine uni- 
corns there. After which he fell a 
fmoaking as ufual. 

The traveller told him his uni* 
corns were at his fervice, and that 
he had brought them from theconi^ 
try of the Gangarids : from thence 
he took occaOon to inform hi^i of 
hb affair with the princefs of Biiby« 
Ion, and the Unlucky kifs (he had 
given the king of Egypt ; to which 
the other made no reply, being very 
indifferent whether there were any 
fuch people in the world, as a king 
of Egypt, or a princefs of Babylon. 
He remained dumb for another 
quarter of an hoar ; after which he 
S aiked 



ANMUAt REGISTER 



afked his conf pinion a fecoDd time, 
how he did, and whether they had 
any good roaft beef among theGan- 
garids. Amazan anfwercd with his 
wontedpolitenefs, that they did npt 
cat their brethren on the banks of 
the Ganges ; he then explained to 
him that fyflem which many ages 
afterwards was furnamed the Py- 
thagorian philofophy. Bat My Lord 
fell adeep in the mean time, and 
made but one nap of it till he came 
to his own houfe. 

He was married to a ycnng and 
charming woman, on whom natpre 
had bellowed a foul as lively and 
fenfible, as her huiband's was dull 
and ftupid. Several gentlemen of 
Albion had that day cpme to dine 
with her ; among whom there were 
charadlers of all fprts : for that 
country having been almoft always 
under the government of foreig- 
ners, the families that had come over 
"with thefe princes had imported 
tlieir different manners. Ther^ were 
in this company fome perfons of a 
very amiable difpofition, others of 
afuperior genius, and a few ofvcxy 
profound* learning. 

The miftrefs of the houfe had 
none of that aukwajd affeded flif- 
nefs, that faHe modefty, with which 
the young Albion ladies were then 
repoached ; (he did not conceal, by 
a fcornful look, and an affe^led ts^- 
citutoity, her deficiency of idea^ 
and the embarrafCng hnn\ility of 
having nothing to fay. Never w^ 
a woman more engaging. She re:- 
ceived Amazan with a grace and 
politeneft that were c^uite patural 
to her. The extreme beauty of this 
young flranger^ and the fadden 
copioarifon (he could not kelp ovvk- 
Ing l^etwcen hjm and her bufrajxd, 
itpme4iarely flruck her in a mbft 
fcij^ble manner. 



Dinner being fervcd, fhe placed 
Amazan at her fide, and helped him 
to all forts of paddings, having 
learned from himfelf, that the Gan- 
garids never fed upon any thine 
which had received from the goos 
the celeftial gift of life. His beauty 
and ftrength, the manners of the 
Gangarids, the progrefs of arts, re- 
lieion and government, were the 
fubje^s of a converiation equally 
agreeably and infirudlive all the 
time of the entertainment, which 
lafled till night : during whiqh. 
My Lord What then did nothing 
hut pufh the bottle about, and ciO 
for the- toaft. 

After dinner, while my lady wis 

Eouring out the tea, ilill feeding 
er eyes on the yoong fbanger, he 
entered into a long converfation 
with a member of parliament ; for 
every one knows that there was, 
even then, a parliament called Wit- 
tei;iagemot, or the afTembly of wife 
men. Amazan enquired into the 
conflitutions, laws, maimers, cuf- 
to;n$, forces, and arts, which made 
this country fo refpedable; and 
the member anfwerra him in the 
following manner : 

toj a lo^g time we went flark 
naked, thoueh oor clio^te is none 
of the hotteft. We were like wife 
for a long time enfUved by a peo- 
ple come from the ancient country 
pf Sfttmin, watei;^d by the Tiber. 
But the mtfchiefs we have done 
one another* have jgreatlv exceeded 
all t^t w^ ever ftiffetta from our 
£rft cono uerors. One of our princes 
carried fu^ daftar^Kneis to fnch a 
pitch, as to declare h^mfejf thfi fah- 
}c^ of a priefl, who dwc^s aUb on 
the bank^ of tkeTiJ[>er, and is called 
the OWL Man of the Seven Moun- 
taiAS ; it has been the iate of thefe 
'fertn mounuins to doz&ineer ov«r 

the 



jjfor the iTEAR 1768. 



the preateH part of Europe, then 
iiihabited by brutes, in human 
ihape. 

To thofe times of infamy and 
dfbftfement, fucceeded the agev of 
^ barbarity and confafion. Oarcoun- 
L try, more tempeftoous than the fur- 
. roonding ocean, has been ravaged 
f and drenched in blood by our civil 
I diforders ; many of our crowned 
I heads have perifhed by a violent 
. death : above a hundred princes of 
' the royal blood have ended their 
dip on the fcafFold, whilft the 
hearts of their adherents have been 
torn from their breaib, and thrown 
ia their faces. In ihort, it is the 
province of the hangman to write 
the hiAory jp( our idand, feeing 
diis nerfonage has finally determin- 
ed all our a&Irs of moment. 

But to crown thefe horrors, it b 
not very lone fince fome fellows, 
wearing blacK mantles, and others 
who caft white fhirts over their 
jackeu, having been bitten by mad 
dogs, communicated their madnefs 
to the whole nation. Our country 
was then divided into two parties, 
the murderers and the murdered, 
the executioners and the fulFerers, 
plonderers and (laves; and all in 
the name of God, and whilft they 
were feeking the Lord. 

Who would have imagined that 
iraa this horrible abyft, this chaos 
of diflen£on, cruelty, ignorance, 
udianaticifm, a government (hould 
at ha foriog up, the moft perfe^ 
it may be faid, now in the world ; 
y^ foch has been the event* A 
pnnce, honoured and wealthy, all- 
powerful t/o do good, without any 
power todocvU, is at the head of n 
^, warlike^ commercial, and en^ 
^hteaed nation. The nobles on 
««e hand, and the reprefentarivcs 
of the people on the other, fliare 
^ legiUatv^ with the monarch. 



We have feen, by a fingular fa- 
tality of events, diforders, civil wars* 
anarchy and wretchednefs, lay wade 
the country, when our kings aimed 
at arbitrary power : whereas tran- 
quillity, riches, and univerfal hap- 
pinefs, have only reigned among 
us, when the prince has remained 
fatisfied with a limited authority. 
An order has been fubverted whilit 
we were difputing about myfteries ; 
but was re-eflabliihed the moment 
we grew wife enough to defpifc 
them. Our vi^orious fleets carry 
our glory all over tlie ocean ; our 
laws place our lives and fortunes 
ip fecurity ; no judge can explain 
them in an arbitrary manner, and 
no deciiion is ever given without 
the reafons affigned for it. We 
(hould punifti a judge as an afladin, 
>v^ho (hould condemn a citizen to 
death without declaring the evi- 
dence which accufed him,, and the 
law upon which he was conyiAed. 

It is true, there are always two 
parties among us, who are continu- 
ally writing and intriguing'againft 
each other ; but they conftantly re- 
unite, whenever it b needful to arm 
in defence of liberty and our coun- 
try. Thefe two parties watch over 
one another, and mutually prevent 
the violation of the facred dtpefit of 
the laws ; they hate one another, 
but they love the ftate ; they are 
like thofe jealous lovers, who pay 
court to the fame mi(b*efs with a 
fpirit of emulation* 

From the fame fund of genius by 
which we difcovered and lupported 
.the natural rights of mankind, we 
iiave carried the fciences to xh0 
higheft pitch to which they can at- 
tain among men. Your Egyptians, 
wbo paOt for fuch great mechanics^ 
your Indians, who are believed to he 
(iich great Philofophers; your Ba* 

B a bylonians. 



/^ 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



bylonianSy whoboail of hiving ob- 
ferved the ftars for the coarfc of 
fbar hundred and thirty thonfand 
years ; the Greeks, who have writ- 
ten fo.mnchy and fald fo little; 
know in reality nothing* in com- 
parifon of our IhailoweR fcholars, 
who have (hidied the difcoveries of 
our great matters. We have ra* 
. vilhed more fecreu from Nature, in 
thefpaceof an hundred years, than 
the human fpccies have been able 
to difcover in as many ages. 

Thb is a true account of our pre- 
fent Hate. I have concealed from 
you neither the good nor the bad ;. 
neither our (hame nor our giory ; 
and I have exaggerated nothin?. 

At this difcourfe Amazan felt a 
ftrong defire to be inftrufled in 
thofe fuhlime fciences his frieftd 
fpoke of: and if hb paflion for the 
princefs of Babylon ; his filial duty 
to Ms mother, whom he had quitted; 
and his love for his native country, 
had not made fh-ong remonftrances 
to his diftempered he>rt, he would 
willinely havefpent the remainder 
of his life in Albion. But that un- 
fortunate kifs his princefs had given 
the kin^ of Egypt, did not leave 
his mind at futtcient eafe to ftudy 
the abHrnfe fciences. 

I confefs, faid he, having made 
a folemn vow to roam about the 
world, and to efcape from myfe]f» 
I have a curiofity to fee that ancient 
land of Saturn, that people of the 
Tibef, and of the Seven Mountains* 
who have been heretofore their ma- 
ften; they muft undoubtedly be 
the firft people on earth. I advife 
you by all means, anfwered the 
member, to «uke that Journey, if 
you have the fmalleft tafte for mufic 
or painting. Even we onrfehres 
frequently carry our fpleen and me- 
lancholy to the SevcB Moostains. 



But you will be greatly forprizcd 
when you* fee the defcendaats of 
our conquerors. 



Of thi Modgm lulians; frm.tk 



AMAZAN was already failing 
upon the fea, poflefled of i 
geographical chart, with which ke 
ad been prefented by the learned 
Albion he had converfed with it 
Lord What-then*8. He was ex- 
tremely aftomlhed to find the great- 
efl part of the earth upon a fiogU 
iheet of paper. 

Hb eyes and imagination was* 
dered over thb little ^ce : he ob- 
ferved the Rhine, the Danube, the 
Alps of Tyrol, there fpecified un- 
der different names, and all the 
countries through which he wis to 
pafs before he arrived at the cicj of 
the Seven Mountains; but he more 
particularly fixed his eyes upon the 
country of the Ganearids, upon 
Babylon, where he had feen hb oar 
princefs, and upon the fatal coun- 
try of Baflbra, where fhe had gi^ra 
a &ul kifs to the king of Egypt- 
He fighed, and tears breamed from 
hb eyes ; but he agreed with the 
Albion who had presented him irith 
the univerfe in epitome, when he 
averred, that the inhabiunts of the 
banks of the Thames were a thou- 
fand times better inftnided thai 
thofe upon the banks of the Nile, 
the Euphrates^ and the Ganges. 

As he returned into Batavb» 
FormofanU flew towards Albion 
with her two fhips^at went at fiQ 
fail. Amaaan's ihip and the prin* 
cefs's crofled one another, and al- 
moft touched ; the two loven were 
dofe to each other, which they 

could not doubt of. Ah 1 had chey 

hot 



For the YEAR 1768. 



V 

bot known it! bat tyrannic deftiny 
woold not allow it. 

No fooDtr had Amazan landed 
on the flat oiaddy fliore of Batavia, 
than he flew like lightning towards 
the city of the Seven Mountains. 
He was obliged to traverfe the 
foathern part of Germany. At 
every four miles he met with a 
prince and princefs» maids of ho- 
nour and beggars. He was aftonifli- 
ed every where at the coquetries of 
thefe ladies and maids of honour, 
which they difplayed with German 
good faith ; and he only anfwered 
with modeft refufals. After having 
cleared the A^, he embarked up- 
on the fea of Dalmatia, and landed 
in a city that had no refemblance 
to any thing he had heretofore feen. 
The fea formed the ftreeu, and the 
hoafes were ere£led in the water. 
The few public places with which 
this city was ornamented, were 
filled with men and women with 
double faces ; that which nature 
had beftowed upon them, and a 
pafleboard one> ^1 painted, with 
which they covered their natural 
vi(age ; fo that this people /eemed 
compofed of fpedbres. Upon the ar- 
rival of ftrangers in this country, 
they immediately purchafe thefe vi* 
iages» in the fame manner a> people 
ellewhere fumiih themfelves with 
hats and flu>es, Anutzan defpifed 
a faihion (^ contrary tq nature ; he 
appeared juft as he was. There 
were in the city twelve thoufand 
giHs« regiftered in the great book 
of the Republic ^ thefe gifls were 
ofefnl to tne ^te, beine appointed 
to carry on the moft i^qvantagf ons 
and agreeable- t^de that ever en- 
riched a nation^ Common traders 
■fnallj fend, at great riik and ex- 
pence, merchandizes of various 
lands to the Eaft ; bat thefe bean- 



tiful merdiants carried on a con- 
flanc tra£ck without riik, which con 
flantly fpmng from their charms. 
They all came to prefent themfelves 
to the handfome Amazan, and offer 
him his choice. He fled with the 
utmoft precifntancy, in uttering tbt 
name of the incomparable princeft 
of Babylon, and (wearing by the 
immortal gods, that ihe was far 
handfomer than all the twelve thou- 
fand Venetian ^ivls. Sublime trait- 
refs, he cried in his tranfports, 1 
will teach you to be fluthful ! 

Now the yellow forges of the 
Tiber, peftiferous fens, a few pale 
emaciated inhabitants, dothea in 
tatters, which difplayed their dry 
tanned hides, appeared to his fight, 
and befpoke his arrival at the gate 
of the city of the Seven Mountains, 
that city of heroes and legiflators, 
who conquered and poliflied a great 
part of the globe. 

He expelled to have feen at the 
triumphal gate, five hundred bat- 
talions commanded by heroes, ai^ 
in the fenate, an aflembly of demi<- 
gods, riving laws to the earth; but 
the only army he found confifted of 
about thirtytatterdemalions,monnt- 
ing guard with umbrellas for fear 
of the fun. Being arrived at a tem- 
ple, which appeared to him very 
fine, but not lb magnificent as that 
of Babylon, he was greatly aftoniih- 
ed to hear a concert performed by 
men with female voices. 

This, faid he, is a mighty plea- 
fant country, which was formerly 
the land of Saturn. I have been in 
a city where no one fliewed his own 
face; here is another where men 
have neither their own voices nor 
beards. He was told that thefe 
fingers were no longer men ; that 
they had been divefted of their vi- 
rility > that they might fing the more 
B J agree- 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



agreeably the pratfes, of a great 
number of perfons of merit. Ama- 
^an coald not comprehend the 
meaning of this, Thefe gentlemen 
<leiire4 him to fmg; he fung a 
Gangaridian air with his ofual 
grace. His voice was a fine colter- 
fenor. Ah ! Signior, £aid they, 
what a delightfuly^/r^w yoa would 

have, if If what, faid he : what 

fio you mean ? Ah ! Signior, if 
you were—If I were what ?— *-if— - 
you were without a beard I They 
then explained to him very plea- 
fan tly, and with the moil comic 
gefticulations, according to the 
cuflom of their countr}', the point 
in queftion. Amazan was quite conr 
founded. I have travelled a great 
^ay, faid he, but I never before 
heard of fuch a whim. 
, After they had Tu ng a good while, 
the Old Man of the Seven Moun- 
tains went vvith great ceremony tq 
the gate of the temple; he cut the 
air in four parts with his thumb 
raifed, two fingers extended, and 
two bsr t, in uttering thefe words in 
a language no longer fpoken ; To 
tht ctty and to the uni*veffif^. The 
Gangarid could not c6mi^rehend 
how two fingers could e}itend fo* far. 

He prelencly ikw the whole court 
of the mnrter of the world file off. 
Thir coort confif^ed of* grave per- 
fonages, feme in fcarfet mid others 
in vac rt robe9 : thf v almoU alt 
eyed thp handfome Ainazan with » 
tendei* look ; they bowed to hkn, 
and faid to cne another, San Mar- 
tim, che beV ragoAsio / Saft Banctif 
tto, che hcV f'u.iaidio ! 

The 2e I k CF, whofe VtJCatbn was 
to f^ew the curiofincs of the city to 
ftrange.5, very eagely. offered to 
fondu'' him to feverr! rui'-s, in 
^hich a muleteer would not ohule 

* Urbi 



to pafs a night, bnt whie^ were for* 
merly worthy monuments of the 
grandeur of a royal people. He 
moreover faw pidlures of two hun- 
dred years (landing, and Oataes 
that had remained twenty ages, 
which appeared- to him mafterr 
pieces in their kind. Can you (till 
produce fuch works? No, your Ex- 
cellency, replied one of the zealots ; 
but we defpife the reft of the earth, 
becaule we preferve their rarities. 
We are a kind of old-clothes-men, 
who derive our glory from the caft- 
off garbe in our warehoufes. 

Amaaan was willing to fee the 
prince's palace, and he was accord- 
ingly condo^fced thith^. He faw 
men dreffed in violet-coloured robe^, 
who were reckoning the money of 
the revenues of the damains of 
lands, (ituated ferae upon the Da^ 
nubey fome upon the Loire, others 
upon the Guadalquivir, or the Vi- 
Aula. Oh ! oh ! faid Amazan, af- 
"xex having confuleed his geographir 
eal map, your mafter> then-, poflefiet 
all £ut<^pe, like thofe ancient he- 
roes of the Seven Mountains ? He 
ihould* poffefs the whole univerfe by 
divine right, replied a viclet livery- 
man ; and there was even a time 
when his predeceifors nearly com- 
pared univerfal monarchy ; but 
their fuccefTors arc fo^good as to 
content themfelves at prefent with 
(fem^ monies, which the kings their 
flibjeAs, pay to them in the form 
i]i a- tribute. 

Your mafter is, then, in'^faft, the 
W'ng or kings ; is Aat his title I 
faid Amazan. No, yowr Excellency, 
his title is? the fif^bant of fei^enits j 
he was originally a- fmierman antf 
porter, whewtjf the emr^^lfntt- of 
his dignity conM in- keys and' nets j 
but he at preftrtt iflw^ orders to 

U, Orbi. 



For the YEAR 1768. 



1 



tvtrj king in Chriftfcndom. It H 
not a long while fince Ite fent on^ 
liandred and one mandates to k 
king of the Celte$> and the king 
obeyed. 

Your fifherman muft, then, haue 
lent five or fix hundred thoulknd 
men to pat thefe orders in execo- 
don? 

Not at all, yottf Excellency ; oorf 
holy mafter is not rich enough to 
keep ten thoufand foldiers on foot ; 
bot he has five or fifx hundred thou- 
sand ditme prophets difperfed in 
other coHHtri^s. Thofe prophets of 
various c6k>trrs> ar^, as they ou^ht 
to be, fapported at the expence of 
(he people: th^y proclaim ffom 
heaven, that my mafter may with 
his k^ys open and (hdt aH locks, 
an^. particularly thoPs of ilrong 
boxes. A Norman prieft, who held 
the poll ofcortfidant of this king's 
thoughts, convinced him h6 ought 
f6obiey, without replying, the hun- 
dred and one thoughts of my maf- 
itt : for you muft know that one of 
the prerogatives of the Old Man 
of tW Seven Mountaius is, ne^^r to 
trr, wh^er he deigtt»to fpeak, o^ 
deigns to ivrite. 

In faitli, f^d Ama^^n^, thi^ h a 
very fingolar man ; I fhould be cu- 
rious t(3 dine with him. Were 
your Excellency even a king, you 
could not tzt at his table ; aft u\zi 
\t could do for you, would be to 
dlow you to have one fervcd by the 
fide of his, btrt fmallir and h)wer. 
8tit if you are incHnrd to the ho- 
nour of fpeaking to him, f li'ilT a/K 
dn audience for yoO, drr conditlont 
<>f ^ huona manciAf whicE you wift 
be kind enqugh to give me. Very 
feWily, ftid the GangaiW. , The 
♦iolet livery-mari bmted. I wffl 
Htrodudcyou td-mnrrow, (tni he, 
ybtr Aiftft lrta(k^ dfrte very Ichr BoV^ 



And you mull kifs the Old Man of 
the Seven Mountains' feet. At this 
. information Amazan burft into f6 
violent a fit of laughing, that \it 
was almoft choaked ; which, how- 
ever, he furmoantcd, holding his 
fides, whim the viojenr emotions of 
the rifible mufcles forced the tears 
down his cheeks, till hereached the 
inn, where the fit ftill continued 
upon him. 

At dinner, twenty bcArdlefs meil 
and twenty violins produced i 
concert. He received the comp!i<*> 
mmts of the greatcft lords of the 
city during the remainder of the 
day ; thefe made him propofals flill 
more extravagant than that of kif- 
fi ng the O'd Man of the Seven Moun'*^ 
tains' ftet. As he was extremely 
polite, he &t firfl imagined that 
thefe gentlemen took him foralady, 
and informed them of their miftake 
with great decency and circum^* 
fpeftion. But being fomewhatclofe- 
• ly prefied by two or three of the 
violet-colbured gentry, who wer« 
the moft forward, he threw thent 
out of the ^Vindow, without fancy- 
ing he had made any great faci'ific^ 
to the beautiful Formofanta. H«f 
left, with the greatcft precipitation, 
this city of the matters of the 
World, where he found himfelfnc- 
C^ffitated to Itifs an old man's toe; 
as if his cheek were at the end of 
his foot; and Where young metf 
were accofted in a Wll mote whiijftr 
4^4! nUnnef , 



rf^ 



0/tt}e French ; fiom the /km* 

IN aH tlic provinces througf^ 
which hf paffed, having con- 
fla itfyrepulfed r vfrv am otqus over- 
tare of every fpecies, being ever . 
/aithfiil to tfiie prioctrs of Babylbn, 
B 4 though 



8 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



though inceflantly enraged at the 
king of Egypt ; this model of con- 
ftancy at length arrived at the new 
capital of the Gauls. This citv« 
like many others* had ahemately 
fubmitted to barbarity, ignorance, 
folly, and mifery. The firft name 
it bore was Dirt and Mire ; it then 
took that of Ifis, from the worfh^p 
of Ifis, which had reached even 
here. Its firft fenate confided of a 
company of watermen, it had lone 
been in bondage, and fubmittea 
to the ravages of the Heroes of 
the Seven Mountains; and fome 
ag^s after, fome other heroic thieves, 
who came from the farther banks 
of the Rhine, had feized ' upon its 
little lands. 

Time, which changes all things, 
had formed it into a city, halfof 
which was very noble and very 
agreeable, the other half fomeWhat 
barbarous and ridiculous : this was 
the emblem of its inhabitants. 
There were within its wal's at leaft 
a hundred thoufand people, who 
had no other employment than play 
and diveriion. Thefe idlers were 
the judges of thofe arts which the 
others cultivated. They weic ig- 
norant of all that paiTed at court ; 
though they were only four (hort 
miles diftant fiom it; — but itfeem- 
ed to be at lead fix hundred thou- 
iand miles off. Agreeablenefs. in 
company, gaiety and frivolity, 
formed the important and fole con- 
fiderationB of their lives : they were 
governed like children, who are 
extravagantly fupplied with gew- 
gaws to prevent their cryipg. If 
the horrors, which hadtwocenta- 
lifs before laid wafte theif country, 
or thofe dreadful periods, when one 
half of the nation mtlTacred the 
other for fophifms, came upon the 
iarpet, they, indeed* faid« Thii 

I 



was not well done ; then thtf fell t 
lauehing, or finging of catches. 

In proportion as the Idlen were 
poliihed, agreeable, and amiable, it 
was obferved there was a greater 
and more (hocking contraft Mtweea 
them and thofe who were engaged 
in bufinefs. 

Among the latter, or fuch as 
pretended fo to be, there was a gang 
of melancholy fanatics, whole ab- 
furdity and knavery divided their 
character, Whofe appearance alone 
difFufed mifery, and who woald 
have overturned the world, had 
they been able to gain a little cre- 
dit. But the nation of Idlers, by 
dancing. and finging, forced them 
into obfourity in their caverns, as 
the warbling birds drive the creak<» 
ing bats back to their holes and 
ruins. 

A fmaller number of thofe who 
were occupied, were the prefervers 
of ancient barbarous cuftoms, a* 
gainft which nature, terrified, loudly 
exclaimed; they confulted nothinr^ 
but their worm-eaten regifters. If 
they there difcovered a foolilh hor-i 
rid cnftom, they confidered it as a 
facrrd law. It was from this vile 
practice of not daring to think for 
themfelves, but extra6lin| their 
ideas from the ruins of thcie times 
when no one thought at all, 
that in the metropolis of pleafore 
there ftill remained fome (hocking 
manners. Hence it was, that there 
was no proportion between crimes 
andpuniihments. A thousand deaths 
were fometimes iiifli6ed upon ai^ 
innocent vidim, to make bun ac- 
knowledge a crime he had not 
mitted. 

The extravagancies of yoath 
punilhed with the fame feverity as 
murder or parricide. The Idlers 
(creamed loudly at thefecxhibitioQs, 

and 



For the YEAR 1768. 



and die next day thoaght no more 
about thein»but were buried in the 
cont^nplation of fome new fafhion. 

ThU people faw a whole age 
elapfe, in which the fine arts attain- 
ed a degree of perfedion that far 
(brpaded the moft fanguine hopes : 
foreigners then repairra thither, as 
they did to Babylon, to admire the 
great monuments of architecture, 
the wonders of gardening, the fub- 
lime effbru of fculpture and paint- 
ing. They were charmed with a 
fpecies of mufic that reached the 
heart without aftoni(hing the ears. 

True poetry, that is to fay, fuch 
as is natural and harmonious, that 
which addrelTes the heart as well as 
the mind, was unknown to this na- 
tion before this happy period. New 
kinds of eloquence difplayed fub- 
lime beauties. The theatres in par- 
ticular re-echoed with mafter-pieces 
that no other nation ever approach- 
ed. In a word, a good taile pre- 
railed In every prpf^on to that de- 
gree, that there were even good 
writers among the Druids. 

So many laurels, that had branch* 
ed even to the fkies, foon withered 
ia an exhaufted foil. There remain- 
ed but a very fn^all number, whofe 
leaves %irere of a pale dying verdure. 
This decay was occaAoned by the 
&cility of producing lazinefs, pre- 
venting good produdlions,' and by 
a (atiety of the brilliant, and a ufte 
foi^the whimiical. Vanity proteded 
Arts that broueht back times of bar- 
barity, and thu fame vanity, in per- 
fecuung real talents, forced them to 
^w their country ; the hornets ba- 
fti&ed the bees. 

There was fcarce any real arts, 
&vce %ny more genius; merit now 
confifted in reafomng right or wrong 
upon the merit of the laftaee. The 
^iber of a fign-^ft criticued with 



an air of fagacity the works of the 
greateft painters ; and the blotters 
of paper disfigured the works of the 
ereateft writers. Ignorance and a 
bad tafte had other daubers in their 
pay; the fame things were repeated 
in a hundred volumes, nnder dififcr- 
ent titles. Every work was either 
a dictionary or a pamphlet. A 
Druid eazetteer wrote twice a week 
the objure annals of fome nnknown 
people poflefifed with the devil, and 
of celeftial prodigies operated in 
garrets by Uttle beggars of both 
lexes; other £x-Druids, dreifed ia 
black, ready to die with rage and 
hunger, fet forth their complainti 
in a hundred different writings, 
that they were no longer allowed 
to cheat mankind, this privilege 
being conferred on fome goats clad 
in grey; and fome Arch-Druids 
were employed in printing defama- 
tory libels. 

Amazan was quite ignorant of all 
this; and even if he had been ac- 
quainted with it, he would have 
given himfelf very little concern a- 
bout it, having his head filled witk 
nothing but theprincefsofBabylon, 
the king of Egypt, and the invio- 
lable vow he had made to defpifeall 
female coo uetry, in whatever conn- 
try his defpair (hould drive him* 

The gaping ignorant mob, whpfe 
curiofity exc^s all the bounds of 
nature and reafon, for a long time 
thronged about hb unicorns; the 
moreienfible women forced opem 
the doors of his Z'^/^/ to contemplate 
his perfon. 

lie at firit te(Hfied fome defire of 
vi£iting the court ; but fome of the 
Idlers who conltitnted good compa- 
ny, and cafnally went thither, in- 
formed him that it was quite out of 
faihioA, that times were ffreatly 
changed, and that all amulementt 

wcr» 



lO 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



wefe confined to the city. He was 
invited that \cfy night to fup with 
^ lady, whoTe fenfe and talents had 
r^ched foreign climes^ and whd 
had travelled in fome coontries 
tliroueh which Aoiaaan had paiTed^ 
This lady gave him great pleafure^ 
as well as the focietv he met at her 
houfe. Here reignea a decent liber- 
ty, gaiety without tumult, (ilence 
without pedantry, and wit without 
afperity. He found that gooiicomfa" 
My, was not quite ideal, though the 
title was frequently ufurped by pre-f 
tenders. The next day he dined 
in a fociety far lefs aoriabte, btrt 
much more voluptuous. The more 
he was fatisfted with the guefl?, the 
more they were pleafed with him. 
He found his foul foften and dif- 
folve, like the aromatics of hk 
country, which gradually melt in a 
moderate heat, and exhale in deli- 
ciou? perfumes. ' 

After dinner he was eondu£led to 
a place of public entertainment 
trh.ch wasenchantinr, condemned, 
ho^f-vcr, by the Druids, becaufe 
it depiivcd ihcm of their auditors, 
which the mod excited their jeaiou- 
fr. The reprcfentatio** here con- 
ftfled of agreeable verfes, delightful 
fbugs, dances which expreffed the 
movements of the foul, and per-* 

J»e^ive8 that charmed the eye in 
eceiving it. This kind of paftime, 
which included fo many kinds, #as 
known only under a foreign name ; 
it was called an Optra, whic*^ for- 
merly fignified, in the ^a* pu ige of 
the Seven Mountains, work, care>- 
occupation,induftry,enterprize,bu- 
1i(\cC^. This buiine^ enchanted him. 
A female finger, in particulai'r 
charmed hint by her melodiousvoice, 
and the graces that accompanied 
h;r; this girl ofii^//.y}, after the 
pevfbrmaoce, was introduced co hiitv 



by his new friends. He jJre/entei 
her with a handful of diamonds; for 
which ftie was fo grateful, that (tic 
could not leave him all the reft of* 
the day. He Tupped with her, and 
during the tepaft he forgot bis fo- 
briety ; and after the repaft he alfo 
forgot his vow of being ever infen- 
fible to beaotyy and alt the blan- 
di(hments of coquetry. What an 
ini^ance of human frailty ! 

* The beautiful princefs of Baby- 
lon, who had been fo long in pur" 
Aiit of her wandering lover, bap^ 
pened to arrive at this very critical 
jundure, and found him and the 
Of^cra^girl faft afleef in each others 
arms. The princefs, who felt aO 
the emotions natural to herfituation, 
quitted Paris immediately without 
awakening him. Our hero* being 
informed of his misfortune, follow- 
ed her ; but fome delays interven- 
ing, gave his French companion^ 
an opportunity to endeavour to mi- 
tigate his grief: the following^ 
clofcs the fccne. 

The report of this ad venture drew 
together his feltive companions, 
who ail remonftrated to him, that 
he had much better flay with them; 
fhat nothing could equal the plea- 
font life they led in the centre o^ 
arts and peaceable deKcate voltrp- 
tuoufnefs ; that many ftrangers, i.iid 
even kings, had preferted fueh an 
agreeable enchanting repofe, to 
their country and their thrones ; 
moteovcr, his vehicle was broke, 
and that another was nntking fot' 
him according to tfce neweft falhion ; 
that the bed uylor of the whole ci- 
ty had already cut out for him a- 
do'^enfnits in the lafttafVe ; that the 
ittoH vi^aciotts ufid feoff amiable laf^ 
dies in the whdle city, at wHofc' 
hmifcf dramatic performances were' 
i!<epreA»lted, had oatTi appointed a 



For the YEAR 1768. 



IX 



^Y to give him a regale. The girl 
of bu/intfs was in the mean while 
drinking her chocolate at her toilet, 
laaghing, finging* and ogling the 
beautiful Amazan, who by this time 
perceired file had no more fenfe 
than a goofe. 

As fincerity, cordiality, and frank- 
jiefs, as well as magnanimity and 
^oarage, conftituted the charaAer 
of this great prince, he related his 
trarels and misfortunes to his 
friends. They knew that he was 
Mofin-german to the princefs; they 
were informed of the fatal kifs ihe 
had given the king of Egypt. Such 
little tricks, faid they, are forgiven 
between relations, otherwife one's 
whole life would pafs in perpetual 
iweafinefs. Nothing could (hake 
his defign of pnrfuing Formofanta ; 
But his carriage was not ready, and 
he was compelled to remain three 
days anong the Idlers, in feafting 
and paftimes; he, at length, took 
his leave of them, in embracing 
them, and making them accept of 
fhc diamonds of nis country that 
#ere thebeft mounted, and recom- 
fiiending to them a conHant purlait 
of frivolity and plcafnre, fince they 
were thereby ftiore agreeable and 
happy. The Germans, faid he, are 
Che grey-heads of Europe; the peo- 
ple of Albion are men formed ; the 
inhabitants of Gaul are the children, 
and I love to play with children. 



^^mt Account of the Inhabitants of 
Lombardy; particularly the Mi- 
la nefe ; from Ba rr c t * i *s Accmmt of 
the Mantters and CuQcnti ^lialv. 

FftOM the Genoefe and Pied- 
montcfe territories we enter 
k^mkardy, under wl^ich denomina- 
tion a large tra£l of wtHern Italy 

5 



is c6mprehended» wbofe mettopolii 
is Milan. 

The inhabitants of Lombardy, 
and the Milanefe efpecially, value 
thcmfplves upon their being de hon 
ccntr : a phrafe which in the fpell- 
ing appears to be French, thoujrh 
it be fomewhat different in the 
meaning, as well as in the pronun- 
ciation, anfwcrinj with much exa€t- 
nefs to the Englifh adjef^ive ^ood^ 
natured. Nor dt> the Milanefe boaft 
unjuftly of this good quality, which 
is fo incontrovertibly granted to 
them by all other lulians, that they 
are pcr-iaps the only nation in the 
world not haied by their neighbo . n. 
The PieJmontefe, as I faid, hate 
the GcHoefe: the Genoefe .df^eflr 
the Piedmontefe, and have no grear 
kindn'^fs for the Tufcans : the Tuf- 
cans are not vf ry fond of the Vene- 
ttans or the Romans ; the Romans 
are far from abounding in good-will 
to the Neapolitans; ;ind fo round. 
This foolifh world is (bform-^d, that 
almofl every nation is aduated by 
fome ridiculous antipathy towards 
another, generally without know-* 
ing why. But the Milanefe are, 
much to their ho:ionr, an excption 
to the general rule, and enjoy the 
privilege ofbcing loved by all their 
neighbours, or at Icaftlook^'l uooa 
without any kind of averfion : and 
this noble privil'*ge they certainly 
owe to their univcrfal candour and 
•cordiality. 

They are commonly compared to 
the Germans for their plain honefty, 
and to the French for th^r fond nefs 
of t>omp, andele'^ance in 1*^. lipases 
and houlhold fnr.iiturc: ani 1 have 
a mind to aid, that thry ^ '>mblc 
like >N\('* the EngUfh in tneir .n- of 
good eacing,aswell as in V\tu talk- 
ing Va'her too long and ♦^oo of- 
ten about it ; which has procured* 

them 



}2 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



then the Iddieroas appellation of 
Lupi LombarM, that is f.De^ourers of 

Not only the generality of the 
Milanefe nobles, bat a great num- 
ber of their gentry and merchants, 
keep open tables, at which plenty 
a»d facettoi>rners prefide. Mr. Sharp 
has obferved, that the Neapolitans 
keep more coaches in proportion, 
than even the Englifh and the 
f rench. The fame remark he might 
kave made with regard to the Mi- 
lanefe, had he known any thing of 
their town : and their great nartiber 
of coaches is not merely the efFedk 
•f their love of pomp and Aiow, as 
Mr. Sharp obferves* with his ufual 
tynefs, but the natural confequence 
of the riches of both countries, both 
fertile to a proverb. 

The Milanefe are likewife re- 
narkable amongfl the Italians for 
their love of rural amufements. 
They generally pafs the greateft 
fart otthe fummer and the whole 
autumn in the country; and they 
k&ve ^ood reafons for fo doing, as 
that hilly province of their's called 
Momte di Brian^a^ where their coun- 
try houfes chieflv Uc, is in my opi- 
nion the moft delightful in all Italy> 
bt the variety of its landikapes, 
the ^entlenefft of iu rivers, and the 
multitude of its lakes*. There 
they retire as foon as the feafon be- 
||ins to grow hot, and pafs the time 
in a perpetual round of merriment, . 
eating, drinking, dancing, and vi- 
iting ; and contributing imall fums 
towards giving portions to the pretty 
wenches in their neighbourhood, in 
order to marry them inilantly to 
their fweethearts. There the rtcheft 
people have their cappnccina's ; 



that is, a part of their countrr* 
houfes, built after the manner of a 
capuchin convent, difbibuted into 
many fmall bed-room», like cells, 
for the reception of their vifitors, 
who are always welcome, provided 
they come fully* refolved to eat 
plentifully, to ulk loud, and to be 
very merry. 

Of the Mantuans, whofe country 
forms another part of Auftrian Loin- 
bardy, I have little to fay, but thai 
they refemble the Milanefe as little 
things refemble great things. The 
(ame may be faid with regard to the 
inhabitants of the fmaH ^tes of 
Parma and Modens. little nations 
have no very remarkable charader 
of their own, but borrow it fiom 
their more coofiderable neighboun. 



Seme accmtnt of the munners anieujl^mt 
oftbi inhaiitmfts of the Marian, or 
Ladrone IJlands. Tremflmedfnm 
the French. 

W£ here prefent the reader with 
a very curious extrad from 
Father Gobien's Hiftory of the La- 
drone or Marian lilandj. His work 
was printed at Paris, 1 700, in 1 amo. 
and contains, for the moft part, un- 
intereftinff accounts of the endea- 
vours of themiilionarietto plant the 
Catholic faith in thefe iflands, (bme 
details relating to the Spaniards re-^ 
fiding there, beiides many relations 
of miracles faid to be performed by 
the priefts among thefe Indians, 
which, being now treated in Europe 
with the contempt thofe pious frandi 
meriti are quite onneceflary in a 
work defHned only to convey ufefnl 
inftnidions^ and ^not to perpetuate 



* From a fmall town called Oalbiatc in this province^ feven of thoie lakei 
artfeen« 

fiiby^ 



Ttor the YEAK ly^. 



»3 



fttlniloas legends. As Gobien's work 
is very little known, mnd rare to be 
met with, it has efcaped all our other 
coUedon of voyages to this part of 
the globe; and this accoant from an , 
cye-witnefs, of what he relates, ap- 
pears inEngli(h for the firft time. 

*' The Marian or Ladrone Iflands 
have Japan to the north, and New 
Guinea to the fonth. They are fi- 
tnaied at the extremity of the Pacific 
Ocean, betwixt the line and the tro- 
phic of Cancer, near four hundred 
leagues fr<m\ the Phillipines. The 
di£nce from Guam, or Gaaham, the 
moft foatherlyof thefe ifles, toVrack, 
the moft northerly, is about one hun- 
dred and fifty leagues. Though fi- 
tuated within the Torrid Zone, yet 
the (kj here b always ferene, the air 
pore and healthy, and the heat is 
never exceflivc. The trees cover- 
ing the mountains are always ereen, 
and the vailies every where mter- 
feded by cryftal ftreams, render 
thofe iHands a perfed paradife. 

Before the Spaniards difcovered 
thefe iflands, the natives lived in the 
moft perfed freedom and indepen- 
dence, fubjeded to no laws, but eve- 
ry man lived as it beft pleafed him- 
fclf. Separated from every other na- 
tion by immenfe tradb of ocean, and 
confined to their own limits, they 
concluded that no other lands exit- 
ed, and looked upon themfelves as 
the only inhabitants on this elobe. 
As they retained no traditionary 
accounts of their own origin, they 
followed the method of feveral an- 
cient nations, and ailerted that the 
author of their race was formed of 
a piece of the rock of Puna, a 
4ntll iiand, lying weft of Guam^ 
and therefbre looked upon thu rock 
with a (acred dread; as the birth- 
place of the human-race. 

Many tliingt looked upon by ni 



as abfolutely neceflary to our exig- 
ence, were utterly onfcnownto thefe 
Indians; They had ' no animals of 
any fort, and would not have had 
even the leaft idea of them, had It 
not been for the birds, of which the^ 
had but one fpecie, fomewhat like 
the turtle-dove, which they never 
killed for eating, but only tamed 
them, and taught them to fpeak. 
They w^re rcry much aftonifhed om 
feeing a horfe, which a Spanifh cap- 
tain left among them> m the year 
1673. They were never tired of 
viewing and admiring him ; and the 
force, beauty, and fpirit of thi^ ex- 
traordiifiry animal, brought them 
from all the different iflands to fee 
him. They could not underftand 
how he could eat and digeft iron^ 
for they thought that the metal of 
the bit was his food. His long tail 
was the fubje^of univerfal admira- 
tion ; and, in order to obtain ibme 
hairs from it, which they highly 
valued, they carciTed him ; made 
him prefents of cocoa-nuts, to eaia 
his friendfhip, and prevail on him 
to fuffer them to pull out ibme 
hairs, without kicking them» 
which fometimes happened. The 
Uritaos (fo are their yOung men 
called, who keep miftrefles with- 
out engaging in the marriage-tie) 
made ufe of thofe hairs to adorn 
the hollow fticks they carry, inftead 
of the pieces of bark they commonly 
wove round them, and accounted 
thefe their greateft ornament. 

What b moft furprifing in their 
hiftory, and muft appear quite in* 
crediole, b, that fire, an clement 
of fttch univerfal u(e, was utterly 
unknown to them, till Magellan* 
provoked by their repeated thefts, 
Dumed one of their villages. When 
they faw their wooden honfes blax- 
ing* the/ firft thought the fire 9 

hteaft 



>4 



ANNUAL REGISTER 



l^eaft wUdi fed upon the wood; 
.and Come of them, who came too 
near» being burnt> the reft flood 
afar off, left they ihould be de- 
voured , or poifoned by the violent 
breathings of this terrible animal. 

We neither know w)^n> or from 
whence thefe iilands were firft peo« 
pled. Japan lying within fix or fe- 
ven days fail* has induced fome to 
believe that the Marian iOands were 
ihence peopled. Tofupportthiso- 
pinion, they gbferve that the nobles 
here are haughty and proud, like 
the Japanefe. But this conjeAure 
Jias but little in it, and it would 
ieem much more probable ihat th^y 
came from the Phillippine iflands, as 
their colour, language, and man- 
ners, much refpmble thofc of the 
Tagales,who inhabited the Phillip- 
pines at the arrival of the Spaniards ; 
and they are certainly the fureft evi- 
dences of the original of nations. It 
is therefore probable that thefe peo- 
ple are the defcendcnts of fomc Ta- 
gales, who, at fome unccrtaiiv pe- 
riod, were driven on thefe illcs. 

Be this a~ it mav, the Ladrones 
are very populous. Guam, though 
only forty leagues in circuit, con- 
rains thirty thoufand inhabitants, 
Say pan nearly as many, and the o- 
fhers in proportion to their dze. 
They are all full of villages, both 
OB the mountains and the plains, 
and fome of thefe are compofed of 
one hundred, and one hundred 
and fifty houfes. 

The natives arc ollve-coloured, 
but i^ot of fo deep a dye as thofe of 
tiie Phillippines. I'heir fbture u 
advantageous, and their limbs well- 
proportioned. Though* their food 
confifts entirely of fifh, fruits, «a^ 
^oou, yet they are fo fat^ that, to 
flraog<Y8, ihey appear f^v«Ucd» but 
U^'i^ 4fim not rotficr UMm k6 nim^ 



ble and aftive. They often lire to 
an hundred years or more, yet retain 
the health and vigour of men of fifty* 
Many are the concurrent caufes of 
this loneeyity. Habituated from 
their earUr infancy to the changes oS 
the atmofphere, their nourifhment 
is quite fimple and uniform, nor do 
they know any of thofe defpicable 
arts ufed by us to q uicken a dq>ra ved 
appetite, and incite them to over- 
load their flomachs. Their cxcr- 
cifes, though regular, are always 
moderate, in fiflimg, cultivating 
the ground, and caring for their 
cocoa-trees. Above all, their cafy 
and carelefs manner of life, exempt 
from cares and folicitude for the fu- 
ture, leaves their minds and bodie* 
in full vigour, even to the extreme 
of old age. Difeafes are rarelf 
known among them ; but if they 
are attacked by fickoefs, they gc« 
nerally deliver themfelvcs firom i^t 
by the ufe of a few fimples. 

The men go ftark-naked, bot the 
women are covered. They arc not 
ill-looked, and take great care of 
their beauty, though their ideas oa 
this fubjcd are very different from 
ours. They love black teeth, and 
white hair. Hence one of their 
principal occupations is to keepcheir 
teeth black, by the help of Certain 
herbs, and to whiten their hair, 
fprinkling on it a water prepared foe 
this purpofe. The women have 
their hair very long, but the men 

fenerally fhave it cloie, except a 
ngle lock on the crown of thehead^ 
after the manner t>f the Japanefe. 

Their language refemDlet much 
that of theTagaies in thePJiillippinf 
} flands. 1 1 i s a greeable to (he ear, 
with a foft and eafy pronuncAationp 
One of its chief graces confifb in thf 
facility of tf anipofing words, an4 
even ^l the f^lUUcrof go(r word, 

an4 



For the YEAR 1768. 



and thus famlflung a variety of dou- 
ble-meanings, which thefe people 
axegreatly pleafed with. 

Though plunged in the deeped 
ignorance, and deftitutc of every 
toing valued by the red of mankind, 
no nation ever (bowed more pre- 
famption, or a more overweening 
conceit of themfelves, looking on 
their own nation as the only fenfible,^ 
polifhed, and wife in the world, and 
DeboldiDg every other people with 
the ^reateft contempt. Though th^y 
are lenorant of the arts and fci^^nces, 
yet. Tike ^very other nation, they 
hare their fables, which ferve them 
for hiftory, and fome poems which 
they greatly admire. A poet is, 
with them, a charader of the £rd 
eminence, ai^d greatly refpeded*. 
We have a fpecimen of their man- 
Bcr of fpeaking and reafonicg in 
the following harangue, which our 
kiflorian puts into the mouth of one 
of their chiefs who attempted toper- 
foide his countrymen to (hake off 
the Spanilh yoke, in the year 1670. 
** Thefe £uropeans (fays this In- 
dian)wou]d have done better had 
thev continued ouiet at home. We 
had no need of their affiflance to live 
happily. Content with what our 
iflands aFord, we wanted nor wi(hed 
(or any thing mare ; and the know- 
ledge they have brought us, ferves 
oaly to inflame ourappetites, and in- 
crcafe the oumber of our wants. 
They find fault with us for going na- 
ked. Had a conrrarv fafhion been ne- 
ceiiarynatttre would not liaveomitted 
it. Why load oorfelves with clothes. 



things in themselves quitr fuperflu- 
ous, and impede the free a£^ion of 
our limbs, under the pretext of mo- 
deft covering? They call us unlet- 
tered and barbarous. But are we to 
take this on their aflertion? Do not 
we daily fee, that, under the fpeci- 
ous pretence of inftrudion, they cor- 
rupt our manners, aboliih our an- 
cient (Implicity, and deprive us of 
liberty, the firft blcHing of this 
world! They try to perfuade m, 
that they come to make us hap- 
py ; and » alas 1 there are among us 
many fodlilh enough to believe them. 
But how can we fall into this error, 
when we refled, that it is onl^ fince 
the arrival of thefe Grangers, that 
we areafflidled with a variety of dif- 
eafes, formerly unknown, and that 
our quiet and repofe are gone! In 
(hort, they feem to have arrived 
here, only to affliA and torment us* 
Their priefb murder our children 
with their poifoned water, and onr 
fick with their oils, while. their at* 
tendants'ma(racre our people with 
impunity, by the fupcriority oft heir 
4(ftrudive weapons. Before their 
coming we knew nothing of thefe 
infed tribes that now cruelly dillurb 
us. We had neither rats, flies, mice, 
or mufouitos, which feem fent into 
the world to be thefcourge of man- 
kind. Such are the goodly pre« 
fents they brought us in their large 
canoes. Till now, when did we 
hear of rheums, fluxes, and fevers? 
Some (light ailments we had, but 
they were eaiily rompved; while 
they have brought numberltfs ma- 



* We need fcarce ob ferve to the learned reader, that in this they refemble 
ihe ancient Jews, Greeks, aud Arabs, among whom a poet was greatlv 
revered, h s iiajiie honoured, and his works traafmitted with the utnioft 
re^rd to his pofterity. The caufe of'this was the fame in thefe difl*erent 
•a^ns, poets being generally their oracles in theology, hiftory, phy(ic, and 
legiikition ; and thii, added to the charms of iow^f procured them high 
hiaottrs among their countrymen. 

ladies 



t6 ANNUAL ftEGISTER 

ladies to infeA oar people* which An autbeniit atcoutt rftbt kit M* 
all their boafled fcience is atterly un- bifijop £/* Canterbury, 
able to cure. And is this the price T^R- i>ccker, late Archbifhop of 
at which we purchafe iron and a JL/ Canterbury, was bora it % 
thoufand other trifles, the value of fmall village called Sibthorpe, near 
which is only imaginary ? Thefe Newark, Nottinghamfhire, in the 
ChrifHans upraid us with our po- year 1693. Hb father was a pro- 
verty. What then do they feek a- teftant dtifenter, and havine a fnall 
BK>ng us, and what can incite them patrimony of his own, foUowedoo 
to make fuch long and hazardous profcflion. He was fent to fcbool 
voyages to get at our iflands? fie- firft at Chefterfield in Derbyflnre, 
lieve me, they woold not come ib utader the care of Mr. BrowQ,wliom 
far, if they had not need of us \ To he left about the year 1708, tod 
what purpoTe ferve the do^ines went toadifienting academyat At 
they profcis to teach os? To terdiflfe, near Sheffield b York 
bring us under fubjedtion to their fhire. Here he fhidicd aboat a jetr 
laws, to oblige ut to adopt their and went from thence to Loodoo 
cttiloms, and thus to deprive us of and after a (hurt flay there* to aa a 
that liberty our anceflors tranfmitted cademy at Gloucefler, kept by one 
to their defcendanu: in one word, Mr. Jones. In this |^ace he coso- 
to make us unhappy during our nued about three years, and con- 
whole lives, in expedation of a chi- traded an acquaintance with Mr. 
merical felicity, which is to take Butler, afterwards bifhop of Dur- 
place when we no longer exifl. ham. From Gloucefler Mr. Jooes 
They call our hiftory a heap of fa- removed to Tewk&urjr, where Mr. 
Ues. But have we not the fame Seeker accompanied him, and lent 
right to call theinacolle^on of ab- Jiim money to pay the expences of 
furdities? Their whole art lies in rettioVing. When he had acquired 
taking advantage of our candour and under Mr. Tones what learning be 
fimplicity ; and thus they abufe our thought fofficient, in the year 1714* 

food-nature, and render us mifera- he went into Nottinehamfliire, i»i 

le. We are blind and ignorant lived partly with his naif-brother a: 

lay they; and true it is, we have Chefletfield, partly with hisfifterat 

been blind in not fooner difcovering Nottingham, and lometimes in Loa* 

their pernicious defigns, and hin- don, where he attendee! Mr. Barnes's 

dering their eflablifliment amongfl leAures in ma^^hematict and natnral 

us. but let us yet apply the reme- philofophy. Befides making aeon* 

dy before it be too late. They are liderable progreft in thefe and other 

but a handful of men, whom we can branches of nfefol knowledge, he 

caflly mafler. Though we have applied himfelf very early to critical 

none of their deftrudive weapons, and theological ftttdiet,efpeciaUy to 

vet we can overpower them by num* the controverfy betwixt lAC choicb 

bers, and, by one blow, regain our of England and the diffimten. A- 

liberty, and deliver ourfclves from bout die year 1 716, he lurned his 

the iiUttlts of thofe inuuders.^ thouehtt to the ftadv of phylic. 

ThisnepurfacdinLonoon till 1719* 
when h^ went to Paris» and thfre at- 



C H AH ACTORS. 



t7 



tended leAores on all tlie various 
branches of the medical ait^ yet ne-> 
?cr whollv difcontinued his appli* 
adon to divinity. Here he firft be- 
came acquainted witti Mr. Martin 
Benfon, afterwards Bi(hop of Glou^ 
cefter. Forefeeing at this time ma- 
Djr obftacles in his way to the prac-* 
dee of phyfiCf and havine an onex- 
peded offer made to. him by Mr. 
£dward Talbot (through Mr.Bnt- 
kr) of bein^ provided for by his fa< 
tker, the bilhop of Durham* if he 
chofe to uke orders in the church 
of England ; he took fome months 
to con£der of it. Afler mature de- 
liberation, he refolved to embrace 
the propofal ; and came over to Eng- 
land in the vear 1 720, when he was 
introduced by Mr. Butler tQ Mr. Ed- 
vard Talbot« to whom he was be- 
fore cmkttown* To facilitate his 
c^taining a degree at Oxford, h€ 
went in Januarv 1721 to Levden, 
where he took the degree of doctor 
of ph3rfic, and publiHied his exer- 
cife, a Diflertation iff Mi^idna Sta* 
iica. He left Leyden after about 
three months reiidence, and entered 
himfelf a gentleman commoner in 
Exeter College, Oxford, and was 
foon after admitted to the degree of 
hatchelor of arts. He was ordained 
deacon in St. lames's church. Weft* 
ninflery by biihop Talbot, Dec. 23, 
1721, and pried in tbe fame chnrc^h 
by the fame biOiop, March 10,1722, 
and immediately became his lord- 
fiup's domeftic chaplain. . On Feb. 
12, i723-4» he was inftituted to the 
ftdoryof Houghton-le-Spring, in 
the county of Durham, and in the 
lame year was admitted to the de- 
gree of inafler ot arts. In October 
1725» he married the filler of his 
frieod Dr. Martin Benfon; and on 
account of her health principal] v,he 
exchanged Houghton for the tnird 
Vot, XJU 



prebend int)iecIinrckofDurliam# 
and/ the living of Ryton near New- 
caftle, to both which he was iniU?. 
tuted June $, tyzj. His degrees of 
batchelorand dodtorof the civil law 
he took at the regular times. In 
July 1732 he was made chaplain^ 
to the kin^; in May 1733 he refign- 
ed the living of Ryton for that o^ 
St. James's Wefbninfler, and on the 
fifth of July in the fame year, he 
preached his celebrated fermon be- 
fore the univjeriity of Oxford at the 
public afl. His eminent abilities as 
a preacher and a divine, and his ex- 
emplary difcharge of* all his paro- 
chial duties, quickly recommended 
him to a more elevated flation. lite 
was confecrated biihop of Briftol* 
Jan. 19, 1734-5, and tranflated to 
Oxford May 14, 1737. His beef** 
fant labours in the care of his pa- 
rifh growing rather too great for Ms 
health and ftreneth, he accepted, jii 
Dec. 1750, the £anery of St. Paul's, 
for which he refigned his prebend 
of Durham, and the redory of St« 
James's. On the death of Abp. 
Hutton in 1758, the great ulenu 
he had diiplayed, and the high re<^ 
putation for piety and bend&cence, 
which he had acquired in the ieve- 
ral Rations through which he had 
palled, plainly pointed him out as 
a perfon every way worthy to be 
raifed to the fupreme dignity of the 
church. He was accormngly with- 
out his knowledge recommended to 
the kine by the duke of New^aftle 
for the iee of Canterbnrv, and wat 
confirmed archbifhopatBow-church 
in April 1758. 

His Grace was for many years 
much afflidted with the gout ;> but it 
iqcreafed greatly upon him towards 
the latter part of hu life. The Jaft « 
winter he felt very troubIefome,and 
fometimes violent pains in MsihouN 
C der. 



it ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 

dcr, which >Verethotigli!tb be rhco- tdd*, were owing to the gradaal 

matic. About the beginning of the cbrroiion of this lK>tie by fome acri- 

prefent year, they moved from his itiohious humour, 

fhoulder to his thigh, and there con- He was buri^, pttrfaant to hb 

tltiued with extreme and almofl un- Own direAions, in the paflkge from 

remitting feverity to his laft illnefs. the garden door ot his palace to the 

On Saturday the 30th of Jul^, he north door of the paridl church at 

was feized with a ficknefs at his do- Lambeth, and has forbidden any 

mach as he fat at dimier. In the monument or epitaph Co be placed 

evening of the next day, as he was for hiA any where# 

turning himfcif on the couch, he By Ms will, he has appointed Dr« 

broke his tKigh-bone. It was im- Daniel Barton> and Mlri. Cathtriae 

mediately fct, but it foon appeared Talbot, (daughter of the Rev.- Mr. 
that there were no hopes of his re- - Edw. Talbot) hisex*ctttori;andKas 

covery ; he fell into a flight kind of left thiVteen thpoOiikd pounds ia the 

delirium, in which he lay without three per cent. anniHtim to Dr. Por- 

any pain till about five o'clock on tieus and Dr. Stinton his chaplains, 

Wednefday afternoon, Augnft the lA trufi, to pay the intereft thereof 

3d, whch he expired with great to Mrs. Talbbt aud her daughter 

tranqoiility, in the 7 cth year of his durine their joint livta, or the life 

age. After his deatn it was found of the lurvivor, and 4fter the decease 

that the thigh-bone was quite cari- of borii thofe Udies» then ekven 

bus, and that the excruciating pains thoufand of the faid thirteen thoa« 

he fo long felt, and which he bore fand are to be transferred to thefbl* 

%ith wonderful patience and forti- lowing charitable purpofes, viz. 

To the fociety for propagation of the gofpel in foreign £, /. d. 

parts, for the general ufes of the fociety «— — - 1000 o o 



To the fame fociety, towards the eftabliftiment of a bi- ") 



1000 o o 



ihop or bifhops in the king's dominions in America 

To the fociety for promoting chriftian knowledge — 500 o O 
To the Irifh proteftant working fchools -^ — 500 o o 

To the corporation of the widows and children of tRe 7 

poor clergy — — — 3 5^ ^ ^ 

To the fociety of the ftewards of the faid chanty — 200 o o 
To Bromley college in Kent — -*- 500 o 

To the hofpitals of the archbifliop of Canterbury, at 1 

Croydon, St. John at Canterbury, and St. Nicholas > 1 500 o • 

Marbledown, 500I. each — »-^ J 

To St. George's and London hofpitats, arid the lying- \ 

in hofpital in Brownlow-ftreet, 500I. each *— J '5^^ ^ ^ 

To the Afylum in the parifh of Lambeth •— — 400 o # 

To the Magdalen hofpital, the Lock-hofpital, ihe 1 

Small-pox and Inoculation-hofpital, to each of which > 900 C • 

his (jTrace was a fnbfcriber, 300I. each r^ ^ ^^ j 

To the incurables at St. Luke's hofpital «*^ «.* joo o o 

Towards the repairing, or rebuilding the houf^ be- > 

longing to the poor livings in the diocefe of Canterbury ) 



1000 o o 



11000 o 9 
Be&ki 



CHARACTERS. 



if 



Bc&des diefe donations^ he left 
loool. to be diftributed amongft hit 
ferrants; 200L to fuch poor per- 
foos as he had affifted in his life- 
ume; 5000I. to the two daughters of 
his nephew Mr. Eroft; 500I. to 
Mre. Seeker, and 200I. to Dr. Da* 
niel Barton. After the payment of 
thofe, and fome other fmaller lega- 
cies, he has left his real, and the 
refidoe of his perfonal eftate to Mr. 
Thomas Froft of Nottingham. 

The greateft part of his very 
noble colledion of books he haa 
bequeathed to the Archiepifcopal 
library at Laittbeth» the reft betwixt 
kb two chaplains and two other 
firiends. 

To the manvfcript library in the 
(ame palace, he has left a large 
ittmber of very learned and vain- 
able MSS. written bv himfelf on a 
great variety of faoje^b, critical 
and theological. 

Hu well Known catechetical lec« 
tares, and Jus mannfeript fermons, 
he has left to be revifed and pub- 
liihed by his two chaplains. Dr. 
Stiaton and Dr. Porteus. 

His options he has given to the 
archbifhop of Canterbury, the bi- 
fbop of London, and the bi(hop of 
Winchefter for the time being; in 
Craft, to be difpofed of by them, (as 
. iht^ become vacant) to fnch perfons 
ts thev (hall in their coniciences 
thiak It would have been moft rea- 
(bnable for him to have given them 
had he been living. 

His grace's perfon was tall and 
Bijeftic; hit countenance open 
m benevolent; his converfation 
tbearfil, entertaining, and inftrnc- 
bte; his temper even ancf humane. 
He was ktna and fteady to his 
friends, libera) to his dependants, 
5 generous proteAor of virtue and 
uDg, i^nd ttubooadcdly charts 



table to the poor, many of whom 
he not only relieved by occafional 
donations, but, in a great *mea- 
fure, fupported by yearly penfions« 
He performed all the facred func- 
tions of his calling with a dignity 
and devotion that affected all who 
heard him. He was a moft labo- 
rious and ufeful pariih prieft, a 
vigilant and a^ve biftiop, and 
preiided over the church in a man- 
ner that did equal honour to his 
abilities and his heart. He waa 
particularly eminent as a plain, 
pathetic, pradiical preacher ; and 
well knowing the great utility of 
fo excellent a talent, he was not 
fparing in the exercifeofit, but con- 
tinued preaching and catechifin^, 
whenever his health would permit 
him, to the lateft period of his life. 
One of the laft lermons he preach* 
ed, was at Stockwell chapel, in the 
parifti of Lambeth, to which he had 
oeen a very great benefactor, hav- 
ing* begun a fubicription towards 
building it with the fum of 500I. 
befides a prefent of the communion 
plate, and furniture for the pulpitf 
reading deik, and communion ta-, 
Ue. 



Some extraSs, taken from the biftor^ 
cf the great Primce of Conde> 
'wrote fy Mr. Deformaux, and 
lately pMJbeJ eu Paris ; in <wbicb 
tare contained fome well-Arantm 
tharaaerst far^atUarly tbofe of 
Anne of Auftria, and the famous 
Cardinal Mazarin. 

LEWIS de Bourbon, the fe- 
cond of that name, w^ bom 
at Paris, Sept. 7, 1621. He wa« 
ftyled duke d'Enguien, till he fuc- 
ceeded to the title of Prince of 
Conde, by his father'^ death, \% 
Ca »^4^ 



ao ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



\b/^6. As he was of a tender find 
delicate conftitution, the prince fent 
him to the cadle of Montrond in 
Berry, that he might breathe a more 
pure and falutary air. Inilead of 
intruding his fird education to wo- 
men of quality, he chofe fome ci- 
ti^QS wives, experienced, prudent, 
and attentive: the fuccefs was an- 
fwerable to hb hopjes', and the 
young duke by degrees gained 
strength. When he was of a pro- 
per age, the prince referved to him- 
felf the arduous taflc of governor : 
he only appointed for his aififtant, 
not a man of quality, but M: de la 
Bouffieres, a private gentleman, a 
man of honour, fidelity, and great 
good-nature, and who made it a 
rule to obfcrve inviolably the orders 
that were given him. He alfo gave 
him for preceptors tu'o jefuits, who 
were di(tingui(hed by their genius 
and their knowledge. He £rmed 
him a houfiiold of 1 5 or 20 officers 
or domelHcs, all men of the great* 
eft virtue and difcretioo, becaufe he 
would have every thing that ap 
proached the duke, inftead of flat- 
tering and corrupting him, infpire 
him with the love of virtue and of 
glory. And in order to excite his 
Km's emulatioft, fome young gen- 
tlemen were educated with him, on 
ttrhom the fame attention was be- 
llowed, ahd who were to yield to 
him in nothing. With thefe at- 
tendants, the duke d'finguien went 
to fettle at Bourges, wfa^rb he kt- 

gaentedtheci^Hegesofjefuits. But 
is (hidies were not confined to the 
coarfethacis ofoilly purfucd there. 
He wac taaghc ancient and modem 
Ulldry, the mathematics, geogra- 
phy, declamations ; he was inured 
to podily exerclfec, to riding and 
dancing, in which he excelled. He 
made fuch a' furprreing progreis^ 
t]iat, before the age of 131 i^ de- 



fended in public fome queflioni ill 
philofophy with an incredible ap 
plaufe. At his return from Mon- 
trond, the young duke had for his 
tutor M. de Menlle, a man deeply 
verfedin the knowledge of thecom- 
ihon law, of andent and modem 
laws, of the holy fcriptures, and of 
the matheipatics. Under his di« 
region, the duke went through that 
new courfe with prodigious lacccfi. 
He acquired a critical taile in the 
arts and fciences, which he retained 
all his life ; he never fuffbred a day 
to pafs without dedicating two or 
three hours at leaft to reading ; kis 
thirft for knowledge was nniverial, 
and he endeavoured to fearch every 
thing to the bottom. 

As foon as the prince, his father, 
thought proper to brine him to 
court, he was immediately the ob* 
je& of general attention. He dif* 
tinguilhed himfelf at the hotel de 
RambouiHet, which was then the 
fchool of the French nobility, and 
hb reputation was fo incroifed in 
that literary democracy, that hf 
was efteemed the arbiter of tafte. 

But whatever pleafure he tafted 
in his connexion with the Mnfe9» 
his courage called him away ; he 
devoured fuch books as treated ot 
the Art military, ind he inceirantlf 
interrogated officers in - order to 
avail himfelf of their knowledge. 
He eameftly folicited, and obtttned 
at the age of 1 8, permiffion to make 
his fird campaign as a volunteer in 
the army conwnanded by MarOialde 
la Meilleraye. This campaign was 
unfortunate) and ^e duke d'£a- 
guien waa ^y a witoefs of tht 
nurfiial's imprudence and difgrace. 
Neverthelefs, in this campaign 'ha 
laid the foundation of that renown* 
which made him afterwards coiili- 
dered aa the greated general of his 
age. 

The 



C H A R A C'T £ R a 



ft 



The dake, at his return to Paris, 
west to vilit Cardinal Richlieu, at 
Roel. That minider, who was cu- 
rious to know from his own mouth 
whether Fame had not exaggerated 
in her account of this youne prince, 
converfedwith him for twonourson 
the moil ahftmfe and difficult fub- 
je£h» and could not forbear faying 
to M. de Chavigniy as foon as the 
duke was gone, ** / ha*vejuft bad a 
Hv§ hdarj cmfoerfation *witb the duke 
m rehpwt^ fw€tr, fpHttcSf the intereft 
fffrinees^ the government of a ft ate \ 
be Koill certainly he the greatefi gent* 
redin iurtpe, and the firft man of his 
age^ and perhaps of future agts^ in all 
things.** 

Richlieu, full of ambition, made 
overtures to unite his blood with 
that of this prince, whom he ad- 
mired. The duke acquiefced in this 
projed, out of obedience to the 
|>nnce his father; and he efpoufed 
iQ 1641, though with re1u6lance,, 
Claire Clemence de Maille Breze, 
the Cardinal's niece. The force 
that he put upon hirafelf in order to 
eonfent to this marriage, threw him 
into a fevere fit of illnefs; it was 
fong before he was out of danger, 
but at length he recovered, and his 
conftitution grew fo ftrong, as af- 
terwards to' iQpport with eafe the 
grcatcft fatigues. 

He made two more campaigns as 
a volunteer, the one under marihal 
de la Meillerave, the other in the 
army of Lewis XIII. which con- 

Soered RouffiUon. But in 1643, at 
be age of 22, he obtained from the 
king, at the perfuaiion of Cardinal 
Mazarin, the command of the a^- 
ay deftined to caver Champaigne 
and Picardyc a command that was 
confirmed to him after the king's 
death b^ the queen regent, Anne 
of Aaftna, to whofe intereft he was 
ftrongly devoted* 



Without following this hero, in 
all- his campaigns, and defcribing 
all his exploits, his iiegrs, and his 
battles, it may be fufficient to fay, 
that the duke d'Enguien, who had 
never yet been prefent at any battle, 
gave afpecimen of his abilities, by 
an attenipt that crowned him with 
glory. The Spa/ii.trds, who threat- 
ened France with an invafion, were 
defeated by him at Rocroi, and thij 
iignal vidory made him from that 
time confidered as the guardian ge- 
nius of his country. This defeat of 
theSpaniards had exhaufted all their 
llrength, and enabled the duke to 
undertake whatever he pleafed. 
He formed the projca, bold as it 
was, of befieging Theonville, and 
propofed it to the council of re» 
gency, who were amazed at it, as 
they faw it attended with too many 
obftacles, and they confented to it 
not without fear :ind didmft; but 
he carried it into execution witb 
fuch (kill, a^ivity, and courage, 
that he wa5 joftly the fubjeft of ge- 
neral admiration. After two months 
fiege, Theonville capitulated and 
furrendered. At length, after bar- 
ing covered AlfaceandLorrain from 
the enterprifes of the Imperialiftt, 
he came to Paris to receive the re- 
wards of his triumphs, and obtained 
the government of Champaigne^ and 
of the city of Stenai. 

The three following years were 
little more than'a feries of jniHtary 
operations. The three battles of 
Fribour^, in which the duke d'£n- 
guien triumphed over Velt Marfhal 
count de Mercy, the greateft gene- 
ral in all Germany, die taking of 
Philipfbourg, and a great number 
of other places, which rendered him 
mafter of the palatinate, and of tlie 
whole courfe of the Rhine; the 
vidory of NortUngue, by which he 
C 3 revenged 



ti ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



rerenged the vifcount do Turcnnc's 
defeat at Mariendal ; the iiege and 
conquefl of Dunkirk ; the good and 
bad fuccefs of his arms in Cataln- 
xua, where, though he was forced to 
raife the fiege of Lerida» he kept 
the Spaniards in awe, and cut to 
pieces their rear-guard; thefe are 
the principal events which di(Un« 
guifh the campaigns of 16449 16459 
luid 1646. 

The vi^ories of the duke d'En- 
guien* his great reputation, and his 
cAeem with the people, began to 
give umbrage to Mazarin. Hitherto, 
full of refped for the princes of the 
blood, and of regard for the no- 
bility, indefatigable in baiinefij 
attentive only to the glory and the 
bappinefs of the ftate; condemning, 
by his moderation, tlie pride, arro- 
gance, and cruelty of his predecef- 
ior, whofe memory the parliament 
were deiirous to brand, this mini- 
Her had ihewn himfelf worthy of 
the high flation that he filled. He 
difplayed only his virtues, his ta- 
lents, and his accompli(hments ; 
unknown were his ipfatiable ava- 
rice; and hb contempt for probity 
and virtue; unknown were his 
habitual ingratitude, his weaknefs, 
hif conftant propenfity to deceive, 
and his profound ignorance of le- 
giflation, and of the conftitution 
of the Aate. In proportion as his 
authority. was eUablifhed, his faults 
were fetn. The death of the duke 
6e Breze, admiral of France, made 
• him difcover his ingradtnde to the 

Srince of Qonde, and the duke^ 
'Enguien. The prince earneftly 
demoded for hb (on the duke de 
Breze's places. But Mazarin, afraid 
of increafing the wealth and power 
ef a prince^ whom hU vi^ories, and 
the love and confidence of the 
people and (he ^rmy^ had alre4dy 



rendered too formidable to him, hid 
the addrefs to elude a compliance 
with his requefi, by perfuadmg the 
queen to take the admiralty henelf. 
The prince was the more incenfed 
at the c^dinal,as by thb device he 
appropriated to himfelf the duties 
and revenues of that important of-, 
fice. Mazarin only gave him pro- 
niifes, which he foon faw were fri- 
volous and deceitful. 

The minifler's diilike to the 
duke d'Enguien, now, by hb Ci- 
ther's death, become prince of 
Conde, was ftill much more appa- 
rent, when, by Mazarin's perfua- 
fion, he had accepted the command 
of the army in Catalonia. On his 
arrival at Barcelona, the prince 
found- there neither troops, nor mo- 
ney, nor artillery, nor ammunitioa, 
nor provifiont. Grieving to fee 
himfelf fo erofsly deceived by the 
minifter, who had promifed him 
mountains and wonders^ he vented 
his refentment in bitter complaints, 
and fevere threats; but he was by 
no means wanting to himfelf, and 
by the refoorces that he found, he 
added a new luflre to hb glory. 

When the prince made hb pub* 
lie entry into Barcelona, the neg* 
ligenceof hbdrefsformeda (biking 
contrail to the fplendor that was 
difplayed by the principal officen 
of his army, who accompanied him, 
and who were all magniScently 
drefled and mounted. lie was Hill 
in deep mourning for his father, 
A fuit of black, his long lank hair* 
and hb extreme youth, amazed 
fome of the citizens, ^hoiaid aloud* 
that a iludent was fent them for 
their viceroy. Thefe words did not 
efcape the prince; convinced that 
the e^es of the multitude muft 
fometimes be dazzled by an out- 
ward pompi he ordered a fuperbca* 

foufal, 



CHARACTERS. 



as 



ronlal* wberekf appeared in a ha- 
bit covered with pearls, and monnto 
t<l on a hoflfe mofl Aunptoouily ac- 
cootered. The Cat;;lonians imme- 
diately owned, that, " if Condehad 
the foul and the genias, no one 
aHb had more the air and the coiin- 
.leaance of a hero/' 

The loTt of glory was not the 
only paffion of which this hero was 
fttfceptibte. He was (carce married, 
whcB he was (Irack with the eharms 
of Mademoifelle du Vi^ci^n, who 
with great beanty, had the moft 
alluriag accomplilhments, and an 
unproved and polifhed mind. His 
patton carried him to fuoh lengths, 
tkat he formed a fcheme, of having 
His marriage with Mademoifelle de 
Breal diflblved, under a, pretence 
that ic was contraded bv compUl- 
fioD. The princefs, • his mother, 
readily came into thtsprojeA, either 
from her hatred to the memory of 
Kichlien, or in order to preferre 
her credit with her fon. But the 
prince, to whom thisfecret was dif* 
covert by the duchefi de Longne* 
ville, baffled their fcheme. Never* 
theleft, the d«ke d'Engulea retain* 
ed his paffioD for his midrefs, till 
thedifbrder under which he Ian- 
goi/hed after the battle of Nortlin- 
gne. Then his love immediately 
i^aniihed, with the prodigious 

J|oamity of blood that was taken 
rom him; this revolution was fo 
complete, that, after his recovery, 
be icarce retained a (light remem- 
brance of the objed that he had 
l<Hrcd to excefs. Mademoifelle da 
Vi|ean was fo fen6ble of this alte- 
ratiOQ in the prince, that it was 
thooeht (he would have died of 
griet» and fiie went and ihnt herfelf 
up among the Carmelites. This 
'cro fullered himfelf again to be 
cnihared by the charms of Made- 



noifeile de Toucy; but this was 
no more than a tranfient amoat^ 
and foon paded over. 

France had never attained fnch a 
height of glory, power, Ind gran- 
deur, fince the time of Gharlr- 
nugne. A long feries of triumphs 
had made her refpeded by her al- 
lies, and formidable to the emperor 
Ferdinand IlL whobegredapeaco, 
and enabled her to give law to con- 
quered Spain. But amidft this tor- 
rent of profperity, the kingdom was 
threatened with the moft&ogerons 
revolutions; itsmifery waseooal to 
iu gloryjiMiHonry IV. a model fUr 
kines, was wholly engroOed by the 
public felicity ; the wife adminiftra- 
tion whkh he had introduced, had 
deliverePthe ftate from an ^byfs of 
misfortunes, ai^d promifed her the 
happiefl: days ; but thefe hopes (boa 
vaniihed under a weak rsgencr. 
which gave an inlet to bbldneu, 
fadions, civil wars, which it kneiir 
not how to fupprefs; and the dif- 
trefles of the kingdom were carried 
CO the ntmoft height by the ill ufe 
which Rlchlieu made of his power. 
This proud and cruel minifter fub- 
vertea all the forms of jnftice, and 
of the finances; he increafed prodl- 
gionfly the revenues of the crowQ, 
by loading thefubjeds with taxes; 
he did every thing for the king, 
and nothing for the nation, whi% 
groaned in fervitude and mifery. 
His defpotic adminiftration was fb 
odious, that at his death there was a 

freat ptrty at court for condemning 
is memory as that of a pnbUc en£ 
my. The queen regent, Anne of 
Auftria, prevented this. From that 
princeis, then adored, the nation 
expeded relief, and a reformation 
Of abufes. 

She had really all the good qua- 
lities necef&ry to render a people 
C 4 happy. 



e4 ANNUAL REGISTER, 1768. 



happy. To the charms of perfon, 
ihe added a noble, generous, ele- 
vated » magnanimous, and fenfible 
mind ; her conftancy was equal to 
her firmnefs; invariable in her pri- 
vate conduA; unmoved both in 
profperity and adverfity; faithful 
to her promifes; flow to believe 
evil, ready to pardon it( full of 
^qoitv and humanity, no one had 
more dignity of manners, more can- 
dour, and franknefs. of chara^r; 
(he would have rendered the throne 
mdorabk, if ihe had had refolution 
(enough to have governed herfelf. 
But indolence, ^^ch|||fcn (eemed 
•siatural to every branch of Spaniih 
Auftria, a diffidence of her own 
'ilrength, and an extra v|fl;ant jno- 
deily^ prevented her frm incum- 
berinjj herfelf with a burden, which 
. her virtues, and the love of the peo- 
«>le, would have rendered lighter to 
her. , In confequence of tliis, Ihe 
gave herfelf up, without rrferve, to 
>tho^e who had gained her edeem 
and confidence. She adopted their 
paffioni> their prejudices, their in- 
tereib, fo u fcarce to make any ufe 
of her power, but in their favour. 
« • , ^he fubmitted to be fo de- 
pendant on Mizarin, chat (he de- 
prived herfelf of the onl v advantage 
.vrhicb a great mind knows on a 
.throne* that c.f making others hap* 
py. She provoked the hatred and 
contempr of the public, affronts* 
-and civil wars, tofupportthe choice 
ihe had made of that mlnifter,dif- 
daimed and reproached ai he was 
by the nation