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No. 3, Corn II ILL 



City Document, — No. 46. 

©a^n ®w ©©©"ir® 







In Board of Aldermen, Nov. 15, 1858. 

Laid on the table, and eight hundred copies ordered to be 


SAM'L F. McCLEARY, City Clerk. 


Public Library, 15th November, 1858. 
His Honor Frederick W. Lincoln, Jr., Mayor of the City 
of Boston. 

SiR^ I have the honor to transmit to you, herewith, the 

sixth annual Report of the Trustees of the Public Library, 
prepared in obedience to the fourth section of the Ordinance 
of the 14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment 
and regulation of the Public Library. 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 


Secretary of the Board of Triistees. 



In obedience to the fourth section of the Ordinance of the 
14th October, 1852, providing for the establishment and reg- 
ulation of the Public Library, the Trustees ask leave to 
submit to the City Council their sixth annual 


The Ordinance directs that a Committee shall be annually 
appointed by the Trustees, consisting of five citizens at large, 
with a member of the Board to act as Chairman, who shall 
be invited to examine the Library and make report of its 
condition. The members of the Committee for the present 
year are J. M. Beebe, Esq., Rev. Edward E. Hale, 0. W. 
Holmes, M. D., Hon. W. J. Hubbard, and Hon. 0. Stevens ; 
W. W. Greenough, Esq., on behalf of the Trustees, acting as 
Chairman. The duty devolving upon the Examining Com- 
mittee, the present year, has been more than usually impor- 
tant, owing to the great increase of the Library and its 
transfer to the new building. Their report, herewith annexed, 
marked A, will furnish ample testimony, to the City Council, 
of the diligence and fidelity with which that duty has been 

The Trustees having, in a memorial bearing date 2d 
November, 1857, represented to the City Government tlie 
necessity of some change in the organization of the Library, 

6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

in consideration of tlio great extension of its operations 
about to take place, an Ordinance was passed by the City 
Council, making provision for the office of Superintendent, 
and for a division of duty between that officer and the Libra- 
rian. In pursuance of this Ordinance, Mr. C. C. Jewett was 
elected Superintendent, and from the time of his appointment 
has been diligently employed in the duties of his office. The 
division of duties between the Superintendent and the Libra- 
rian has been arranged by the unanimous action of the Board, 
and it affords them much pleasure to report, that, under this 
arrangement, the operations of the Library are conducted 
with entire harmony and good feeling on the part of all per- 
sons employed in it. As the Ordinance above alluded to 
leaves it in some degree doubtful whether the office of Super- 
intendent can be considered as permanently established, and 
makes it the duty of the Trustees to report their opinion 
annually to the City Council on this subject, they deem it 
proper to state, that the experience of a single year has 
furnished full confirmation of all the reasons urged by the 
Trustees in the above-mentioned memorial, and that they 
cannot conceive of any state of things, in which the office of 
Superintendent, as now constituted, will not be absolutely 
necessary, in order to the efficient administration of the 

The past year has been the most important year in the 
history of the Institution. On the first day of January, the 
erection of the new building being substantially completed, it 
was, with interesting and appropriate public ceremonies, sur- 
rendered by the Commissioners to the City Government, and 
committed by the City Government to the care of the Trus- 
tees. An unusually genial day increased the attractions of 
the occasion ; and the Trustees are under the impression that, 
of the immense crowd assembled to witness the dedication of 
the Institution to the great cause of intellectual and moral 
improvement, there was not an individual, who did not feel 


that the expense bestowed on its foundation and endowment, 
and necessary for its support, had been wisely incurred. 

The statements of the condition of the Library ; of its 
removal to the new building ; of the progress made in pre- 
paring the full Catalogue on cards, — a truly Herculean labor ; 
and the printed index of the same, — also a task of no ordi- 
nary magnitude; of the amount of the circulation, and of 
the various incidents in the history of the Institution during 
the past year, are made in such detail in the reports of the 
Examining Committee and in that of the Superintendent, 
marked B, as to supersede the necessity of their being dwelt ^ 
upon by the Trustees. They feel that they may with pro- 
priety confine themselves to a few general remarks on some 
of the more prominent topics. 

In the first place, they deem it their duty to renew their 
acknowledgments to the greatest benefactor of the Insti- 
tution, Mr. Bates, by whose judiciously exercised liberality in 
the original establishment of a fund of fifty thousand dollars, 
the Library was first placed on a permanent foundation, while 
his munificence in a further endowment of fifty thousand dol- 
lars, to be expended in books as soon as they could be pur- 
chased with proper discrimination, has enabled the Trustees 
to open the Library under the most favorable auspices. In 
the last annual report of the Trustees, it was stated that one 
hundred and forty-two cases of books, containing about 
twenty-one thousand volumes, had been purchased under Mr. 
Bates's donation, and received at the Library. In the course 
of the present year, three thousand eight hundred and twenty- 
six volumes have been received from the same source, and 
further ample supplies have been bought or ordered. The 
City in this way has been put in possession of a large collec- 
tion of extremely valuable books, at the very commencement 
of the operations of the Library. By the judicious arrange- 
ments made by Mr. Ticknor in Europe the past year, a por- 
tion of tlieni has been bouglit to great advantage Ity Mie 

8 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 46. [Nov. 

agents selected bj him. Another large portion has been 
purchased by Mr. Bates's own agent at Paris. The agent of 
the Trustees at Leipzig, states in one of his communications, 
that the purchases he has been able to make on favorable 
terms embrace volumes, which the best provided public libra- 
ries in Europe would deem themselves fortunate to possess. 

Another most important and interesting occurrence in the 
course of the year, has been the donation of the Library and 
manuscripts of the late Hon. Nathaniel Bowditch, for which 
the City is indebted to the liberality of his sons. When it is 
considered that this collection, containing more than twenty- 
five hundred volumes, was in course of formation during the 
whole life-time of Dr. Bowditch ; that it contains the scien- 
tific materials which he brought together in aid of those 
researches and productions whicli placed him in the front 
rank of the philosophers of the age ; and especially that it 
includes twenty-nine volumes of his own manuscripts, it is 
not easy to measure the value of this donation. The Trus- 
tees, not less in deference to the intimated wish of the liberal 
and enlightened donors, than in conformity with their own 
judgment, have deemed it proper to keep this invaluable col- 
lection together in one department of the Institution, under 
the name of the Bowditch Library, and to reserve it for con- 
sultation and reference in the building. There it will perma- 
nently remain, an abiding source of instruction to all engaged 
in scientific research, and an imperishable monument to the 
o"reat name with which it is associated. 


The Trustees embrace with satisfaction this opportunity of 
making their grateful acknowledgments to the Commissioners 
of the Royal Patent Office of Great Britain, for the donation 
of a set of the great work now in course of publication under 
their authority, and containing the specifications of all the 
patents taken out in Great Britain. The particular account 
of this magnificent work given by the Superintendent in his 
report makes it unnecessary for the Trustees to attempt a 


description of it ; but they feel it their duty to place on record, 
on behalf of the Public Library and of the citizens of Boston, 
this expression of their gratitude to the Commissioners of the 
Patent Office. No work perhaps has issued from the press, 
during the present generation, so replete with practical in- 
struction to the machinist, the artisan, the inventor, and 
indeed to every person connected with the great industrial 
interests of the community. 

A very large number of books, pamphlets and newspapers, 
has, as heretofore, been presented to the Institution by indi- 
vidual benefactors. These donations have frequently been 
considerable in amount, and even when confined to a single 
volume or tract, often valuable, occasionally highly so, and 
always acceptable, as evincing the friendly interest of the 
donor. Among the accessions to the Library from this source, 
the Trustees have much pleasure in alluding to the donations 
of more than a thousand volumes presented to the Library as 
a New Year's gift by a large number of individuals, in pur- 
suance of a resolution adopted by acclamation on the part of 
the multitude assembled at the dedication of the new build- 
ing on the 1st of January. Among those to whose liberality 
manifested in this way, the City is particularly indebted, the 
Trustees cannot omit to mention the Marshals of the day, 
who, besides rendering the most efficient aid in that capacity, 
raised a subscription of one hundred and fifteen dollars to be 
expended in the purchase of some valuable work or works as 
their joint New Year's gift to the Library. Considering the 
character of the Institution as a public establishment, in which 
the community at large will enjoy greater advantages than 
have ever been offered in any other case to the population of 
a large city, the Trustees venture to suggest to such of their 
fellow citizens at large as can afford it, the expediency of 
making an annual present to the Free Public Library of at 
least one good book. This might be done by many thousands 
of the citizens of Boston, without any inconvenience ; and, 

10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

besides greatly adding to the stores of the Library, would 
tend to extend and strengthen the sympathy of the people at 
large in its welfare. 

Among the individual donations to the Library the Trus- 
tees would make grateful mention of a considerable number 
of valuable books and pamphlets, given by Miss Elizabeth 
Belknap, the surviving child and representative of the Rev. 
Dr. Belknap, who fills a place of so much distinction among 
the pioneers of American History. The Library is under 
great obligations to Sam'l G. Ward, Esq., for a highly valuable 
and unique donation of 84 volumes in Folio, comprising the 
London Price Current from 1830 to 1857, the Boston Ship- 
ping List from 1843 to 1857, the New Orleans Price Current 
from 1837 to 1857, and the New York Price Current from 
1838 to 1857. A complete set of Niles' Register in 76 vol- 
umes has been received from Hon. S. H. Walley ; a set of 
the same work in 51 volumes from Mrs. T. E. Chickering; a 
set of the Journal of the Franklin Institute in 56 volumes 
from Mrs. C. F. Chickering; a set of the works of Voltaire 
in 71 volumes from R. H. Eddy, Esq.; 107 volumes of a mis- 
cellaneous character from Dr. J. Mason Warren ; 127 volumes 
from J. D. vY. Williams, Esq. ; and from the Hon. Rufus Choate 
a set of the Revised Statutes of the Commonwealth, of the 
Statutes at large enacted since the revision, and of the Re- 
ports of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, in all 
74 volumes. 

The liberality of the friends of the Library has not been 
confined to the donation of books. In the course of the past 
summer an extremely valuable original portrait of Franklin, 
executed during his residence in Paris as the American Min- 
ister, by Duplessis, was presented to the City by Edward 
Brooks, Esq., to be deposited in the Library. This painting 
is of great beauty as a work of art ; is in perfect preservation, 
and may be regarded as the most authentic and satisfactory 
likeness of the great American Philosopher, Statesman, and 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 11 

The great hall of the Library has also been enriched, dur- 
ing the past season, by a highly pleasing work in marble, the 
'' Arcadian Shepherd boy," executed by William ^Y. Story, 
Esq., whose talent as a sculptor had already been signally 
manifested in the monumental statue of his father, the late 
honored and lamented Mr. Justice Story. The " Arcadian 
Shepherd boy " will, it is believed, be deemed fully to sus- 
tain the reputation of the accomplished artist. It was pre- 
sented to the City, with a view to its being deposited in the 
Library, by a number of gentlemen uniting their subscrip- 
tions for that purpose. 

The Reports of the Superintendent and Examining Com- 
mittee contain, it is believed, all the information which is 
desirable in reference to the condition and working of the 
Library. The circulation of books nnavoidably ceased from 
the time that it became necessary to shut up the Library in 
Mason street, preparatory to its removal to the new building. 
The aggregate circulation of books is therefore somewhat 
less than it was during the previous twelve months. It was, 
however, considerably larger while the Library in Mason 
street remained open, than during the correspond 'ng months 
of the year 1857. The Trustees advert to this circumstance 
as a satisfactory indication that a taste for reading, which it 
is the great object of the Institution both to awaken and 
nourish, is growing in the community. 

Every possible effort has been made, on the part of the 
Trustees, by the employment of a numerous, diligent, and 
skilful staff of persons in aid of the Superintendent and 
Librarian, to hasten the completion and publication of that 
portion of the Catalogue which embraces the works in the 
lower hall, selected from the entire collection as best adapted 
to circulation. No one, not practically conversant with the 
business, or personally a witness of the mode in which it is 
conducted, can form any adequate idea of the labor of pre- 
paring and carrying through the press, with due regard to 

12 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

accuracy and method, a work of this kind. It is believed 
that when published, as it will be in a short time, it will be 
found to present facilities for the use of the Library not 
afforded by any other similar catalogue. It has been pre- 
pared and issued in advance of a similar catalogue of the 
books in the principal hall, which, however, will be proceeded 
with as rapidly as possible. Although this part of the col- 
lection contains those works which, cither on account of their 
cost and rarity are necessarily withdrawn from the risks of 
circulation, or are specially required by donors to be re- 
tained in the building, the greater part of the books in the 
upper hall will, equally with those below, be open to circula- 
tion as soon as the Catalogue can be prepared. 

For the convenience of those who resort to the reading 
rooms, the Trustees have determined to place in them several 
hundred books of reference. This selection will contain 
cyclopaedias, dictionaries, gazetteers, catalogues, atlases and 
manuals in general, and will be enlarged if experience shall 
show the advantages of the arrangement. 

The Trustees regard it as one of the most pleasing and 
hopeful features of the establishment, that its advantages are 
equally open to both sexes. Every thing in their power has 
been done by the Trustees to encourage the resort of both 
sexes to the Institution, whether for the loan or consultation 
of books. More than half the assistants employed in the 
Library are females, and a separate reading room for ladies 
Aviil be opened, if it is found desirable. Thus far, however, 
neither in Mason street nor in the new building, has any in- 
convenience resulted from the use of a single reading room. 
By nothing has the administration of the Library been more 
signalized than the order and decorum which have uniformly 
prevailed among those frequenting it. 

The Trustees have much pleasure in alluding to the har- 
monious cooperation with each other which has existed on 
the part of all persons employed in the Library. Its condi- 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 13 

tion the past year has been such as to require a vast amount 
of labor, sometimes of a harassing kind, and performed under 
great disadvantages. To the energy, intelligence and assi- 
duity brought to their respective tasks by the entire body of 
assistants, — at one time twenty-one in number, and never less 
than nineteen, — the public and the Trustees are greatly 
indebted. This large number of persons has been necessary 
to effect, within reasonable time, the organization of the In- 
stitution and the preparation of the Catalogue now in the 
press, but will admit of reduction when these objects are 

The Library has been already brought by public liber- 
ality and private munificence to a very prominent place 
among the great libraries of the country. The Trustees have 
calculated upon a regular increase from all sources of about 
six thousand volumes a year. The increase the present year 
— an exceptional one, no doubt, — has been largely over 
twice that amount. The annual increase, however, will never 
fall below five or six thousand volumes from the income of 
the permanent funds of the Library and the liberality of indi- 
viduals, aided by such appropriations as the Trustees feel 
that they may anticipate from the bounty of the City. A 
generous expenditure has been authorized by successive City 
Governments in the erection of the building, and in defraying 
the expenses of carrying on the Institution, and a continuance 
of such liberality will be required. An establishment of this 
kind cannot be sustained and administered without an ample 
income. But when it is considered that it will place within 
the reach of every person entitled to its privileges, that 
access to books and those advantages for improving their 
minds, now exclusively possessed by men of wealth, it will be 
felt by a discerning public, that the benefit is well worthy of 
the cost. Boston has always stood among her sister cities 
upon the intelligence of her citizens. Education was one of 
the first cares of her venerable founders. Her public schools 

14 CITY DOCUMENT. — Xo. 4G. [Nov. 

have always kept pace with the progress of each succeeding 
generation, in public spirit, wealth and intelligence, — which 
in turn they have done so much to promote, — and she will 
not allow this noble undertaking, which has been regarded 
from the first by the Trustees as the completion of the great 
system of public instruction, to languish for want of patr 

The Trustees beg leave to state in conclusion that their 
personal attention has been given, as heretofore, to the gen- 
eral supervision of the Library. The meetings of the Board 
have been regularly held twice in each month, and, when im- 
portant business has required it, much more frequently. 
During a considerable part of the season, a committee ap- 
pointed to superintend the removal of the Library, and its 
organization in the new building, gave its daily attendance in 
the discharge of that duty, and there has been no day in the 
course of the year in which some one of the Board, and gen- 
erally more than one, has not visited the Library, under a 
standing order for that purpose. 

All which is respectfully submitted, by 


Public Library, 6th November, 1858. 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 15 



The Examining Committee appointed under the provisions 
of the seventh section of an Ordinance in relation to a Public 
Library, dated 14th Oct., 1852, 


That, in conformity with its provisions, they have made 
such examination of the Library as seemed to them fitting and 
necessary. Since the date of the last report, all the books 
and other property belonging to the Institution have been 
collected and provisionally arranged in the new building in 
Boylston street. In the investigation of its affairs they have 
followed the order of examination adopted by committees 
in previous years, but in view of the more complete con- 
dition of the Library, they have added another point upon 
which information will now be desirable. 
Their inquiries have embraced : 
1st. The Books. 
2d. The Catalogues. 
3d. The Library Building. 
To these they have added : 
4th. The Administration. 

I. The Books. — Since the enumeration of the books 
made in November, 1857, the Library has been greatly en- 
riched, both by purchase and donation. Besides the volumes 
received through the continued munificence of Mr. Bates, two 
other gifts require special notice, as unusual in extent, and 

16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

gratifying in the manner of presentation. More than one 
thousand volumes were sent to the Institution by its friends 
and well-wishers in response to the suggestion of the Presi- 
dent of the Board of Trustees at the inauguration of the 
building ; and recently the sons of the late Dr. Bowditch 
have generously entrusted to their fellow-citizens the library 
of their father, numbering more than twenty-five hundred 
volumes, and comprising manuscripts and scientific works of 
great rarity and value. The contribution of Miss Belknap 
has added many old works and pamphlets relating to our own 
local history, already scarce, and becoming every day more 

In November, 1857, tlie Library, exclusive of the books 
given by Mr. Bates, comprised 34,896 volumes, and 16,053 
pamphlets. Since that time, the accessions have amounted 
to 11,337 volumes, 1885 pamphlets, 453 papers, 17 maps, 
1 chart, and 1 card. With this increase, exclusive of the 
Bates donation, it now contains 46,233 volumes, and 17,938 

With this well selected collection gathered since the founda- 
tion of the Library in 1852, there is now combined the noble 
offering of Mr. Bates, received during the past three years, 
consisting of 24,618 volumes, purchased by his orders in the 
great book marts of Europe, and forming in itself a library 
rarely equalled for the variety and importance of its contents. 
It is rich in many departments heretofore almost inaccessible 
to the American student. 

Uniting these two portions, the whole number of volumes 
now contained in the Public Library is 70,851 ; of pamphlets, 

The progress of the Institution has surpassed the warmest 
anticipations of its founders. The following tabular state- 
ment will show the rapidity of its growth during the six 
years of its existence : 





No. of vols. 

No. of 

of books. 

Increase of 





























Of these 70,851 volumes shortly to be accessible to the 
public, 28,422 have been purchased, and 42,469 f have been 
received as donations. Of the pamphlets 787 were bought, 
and 17,161 presented. When it is also stated that a large 
proportion of the purchases were made from the income of 
funds specially presented to the City for that object, it will 
be seen how deeply the Library is indebted to the generosity 
and public spirit of its benefactors. 

The rooms in Mason street were first opened for the cir- 
culation of books, on the 2d of May, 1854, and were 
closed for the purpose of removal to the new building in 
Boylston street, on the 30th of June last. During this period 
of a little more than four years, 17,066 names were registered 
of persons wishing to use the reading room, and 15,765 names 
were entered upon the loan books. The following table will 
exhibit the number of signatures for each year, the number 
of books circulated, with the average circulation, and the 
greatest number issued in one day : 

* These aggregates include the volumes of the Bates donation, stored in a house in 
Boylston place. 

t A difference of 40 volumes and 10 pamphlets will be found iu the addition of these 
numbers when compared with those in the table above. Discrepancies in numeration 
may arise from one of three sources: 1st. From counting by invoices before books have 
actually arrived, or have been unpacked. 2d. From a change in the number of volumes, 
in re-binding, and not noted at the time of occurrence, ."id. From loss of insured books 
on voyage of importation, the cost of which is refunded, but not the same number of 
volumes replaced. Uerealter it will probably be unnecessary to count any volumes except 
such as are actually at the time within the walls of the Library Building. 





Circulation of books. 



No. lent. 


Larg. No. 
in 1 day. 

From May 2 to Oct. 31, 1854, 
" Nov. 1, '54, to Oct. 30, 1855 
" Nov. 1, '55, to Oct. 31, 1856 
" Nov. 1, '56, to Oct. 31, 1857 
" Nov.l, '57, to June30,1858 

Total to 30th June, 1858, 











The large increase of the average circulation is particularly 

On the 17th of September last, a new set of books of registry- 
were opened at the Boylston Street Library, and since that 
time 3,175 persons have signified, by the subscription of their 
names and addresses, their desire to make use of the reading 
room, and to borrow books from the Library. 

In view of this great use of the books, it is gratifying to ob- 
serve but comparatively few instances of abuse. Some volumes 
bear evidence of their great popularity in being literally worn 
out in perusal. Very few appear to have been wantonly de- 
faced. The whole nunjber of volumes lost since the opening 
of the Library cannot now be positively ascertained, but it 
will not probably exceed two or three hundred, which is but 
a small percentage on more than 364,000 volumes of circu- 
lation. No books of any particular value or rarity are miss- 
ing. It is probable that the principal portion of this loss has 
arisen through the death or removal from the city of the per- 
sons to whom charges were made in the loan books or through 
accidental entries to wrong accounts — but the whole damage 
to the Library has been more than made good from the amount 
of fines received for the detention of books beyond the time 
allowed by the rules of the Library. 

Some record of the relative use and demand for books in 
the different departments of knowledge would have been 
valuable, as indicating the tastes and cultivation, no less than 
the wants of those who have availed themselves of the privi- 
leges of the Institution. No classified lists have been kept, 
but it was ascertained that the books most widelv circulated 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 19 

might be included under the head of general literature. Hil- 
lard's Six Months in Italy, Motley's Dutch Republic, and 
Dr. Kane's Arctic Researches, are in constant use. A large 
and increasing demand also exists for works strictly relating 
to science, and its application to the useful arts. 

The collection of periodicals in the reading room is large 
and complete, containing a careful selection of the best works 
of that class issued in this country, as well as in Great Britain, 
France and Germany, and embracing a variety of subjects 
suited to almost every taste and profession. To serve still 
further the convenience of visitors, a small library of books 
of reference will be placed in the same apartment for the 
purpose of ready and informal consultation. 

II. The Catalogues. — No modification has yet been 
found expedient or necessary in the system hitherto pursued 
at the Library, and which was so minutely described by the 
examining committee of the last year. 

Since the books have been removed to the new building 
and have been classified, the Superintendent and his assist- 
ants have been assiduously engaged in preparing and printing 
an Index of the portion of the Library contained in the lower 
hall, consisting of works all of which are suited for general 
circulation. This volume is now passing through the press 
with all the rapidity consistent with the minute character of 
its composition. Intended to meet a want for which no 
sujfificient provision has heretofore been made, it indicates, in 
alphabetical order, the name of a book by title, author and 
subject. The system of arrangement, and the admirable man- 
ner in which it has been carried out, are due to the accom- 
plished Superintendent of the Library. 

III. The Building. —^ This costly edifice is so well 
known to the public that little comment upon it is required 
in the present report. A full description of it was published 

20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

in the Tolume issued bj the City Government, giving an ac- 
count of the inauguration ceremonies. The building has since 
that time been furnished with tables, desks, chairs and such 
other conveniences as are needed by those who visit the 
Library for the purpose of consulting or borrowing books, or 
are essential to its proper administration. It is hoped that 
the structure, now complete, will be found to meet the ne- 
cessities of a great library ; but no disappointment should be 
felt if it should prove deficient in some of its details. Con- 
structed with reference to the possible wants of such an 
institution, it would not be surprising if alterations should 
become necessary before fulfilling all its future requirements. 
But, as it now stands, it is a splendid testimonial on the part 
of the City Government to the great interest of public 

The liberality of one of our fellow citizens has ornamented 
the main hall with an excellent original portrait of Franklin. 
A fine statue by Story has also been generously presented by 
private subscription. The examples thus set, it is not doubted 
will be followed. The favorable influences derived from free 
access to works of art of a high class will be readily recog- 
nized by all. 

IV. The Administration. — The affairs of the Library 
are now carried on under the form of organization authorized 
by the Ordinance passed 2d January, 1858. The immediate 
responsibilities of management are entrusted to a Superin- 
tendent and Librarian. The general direction is confided to 
the Board of Trustees. 

During the past year there have been employed at the 
Library twenty-two persons. In addition to the Superinten- 
dent and Librarian, eleven male assistants and eight female 
assistants have been at work upon the books and in prepara- 
tion of the Catalogue. The building is under the special care 
of the Janitor, who resides upon the premises. The force 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 21 

now required will be considerably reduced in number after 
the completion of the Index, now on the eve of publication. 
It is expected by the Trustees that fifteen persons will here- 
after be found sufficient to accomplish the work in all the 
departments of the Institutiouc This, however, will depend 
upon the demand for books. 

The form of management seems well suited to the require- 
ments of a Library which has grown in so short a time to so 
large a stature ; and which has been and will be used as no 
similar institution has been used in this or any other country. 
To open an intellectual store house so freely, and to render it 
so easily accessible, was not formerly thought safe or prac- 
ticable. Every facility should continue to be extended for its 
judicious use. Much depends upon the civility, promptitude, 
intelligence and good-nature of its officials. It must keep 
pace with the literary advancement of the age. With a com- 
petent Superintendent, skilled in a knowledge of the book 
markets of this country and of Europe, long familiar with the 
titles and subjects of books, able to direct students to the 
authorities of which they are in search — with a Librarian 
carefully attentive to the wants of those who borrow books, 
in direct communication with the reading classes — with a 
Board of Trustees who attend disinterestedly and faithfully 
to the great charge confided to their care, it is hoped that 
the Institution will continue to fulfil the expectations of its 
friends and supporters. 

In conclusion, the Committee most heartily congratulate 
their fellow citizens upon the results of this great enterprise. 
The few years of its successful operation are prophetic of 
future usefulness. Now beginning a new step in its progress, 
in a noble building provided by the munificence of the City, 
endowed with ample stores for the intellectual and moral 
sustenance of all classes of the community, the culminating 
point in our great system of popular education, — may its value 
and importance be increasingly appreciated from year to year. 

22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

Fostered and encouraged by the wise and the good, it will 
the more fully accomplish its objects as its benefits are the 
more widely diffused — free to all who wish to enter its por- 
tals ; free to use, but not free to abuse. 

0. W. HOLMES, 

Boston, November 4th, 1858. 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 23 


To THE Trustees of the Public Library : 

Gentlemen : — In obedience to your instructions, I have the 
honor to present to you a report upon the present condition 
of the Public Library, and upon its increase since the 31st of 
October, 1857, the date of the fourth annual report of the 

The whole number of books added to the Library during 
this period, is 15,163; besides 1,885 pamphlets, 123 maps 
and charts, 29 bound volumes of manuscripts, and 453 num- 
bers of newspapers and periodicals. 

Of these, 5,741 books were purchased with the proceeds of 
the several funds, and with money appropriated for the uses 
of the Library by the City Government. The residue, com- 
prising 9,422 books, 1,885 pamphlets, 123 maps and charts, 
29 manuscripts, and 453 newspapers, have been received as 
donations from 381 individuals, companies and institutions. 

A list of the donors is appended to this report. It is much 
longer than that of any previous year, — the happy result of 
the vote passed on the motion of the President at the dedi- 
cation of the building. Many volumes have been presented 
in consequence of that vote, without any statement of the 
special motive of the donors ; it is therefore impossible to give 
the exact number of books thus added to the Library, They 
may fairly be estimated at one thousand. They are, with fcAv 
exceptions, good and useful books, and are of great interest, 
as expressive of a general desire to contribute to the pros- 
perity of the Library. 

24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

The year has also been fruitful in larger gifts. The con- 
tinued munificence of Mr. Bates, the great benefactor of the 
Institution, has added upwards of 3,800 volumes to those 
reported last year, and he is, we gratefully acknowledge, 
still gathering for our shelves, in the great book marts of 

The sons of the late Dr. Bowditch have presented his whole 
library, comprising 2,550 books, 487 pamplets, 104 maps 
and charts, and 29 bound volumes of his own precious manu- 
scripts. This library is given with the condition that it shall 
be used only within the building. The collection is one of 
great intrinsic value, containing transactions of learned so- 
cieties, rare matliematical works, and a careful selection of 
books, important to men of science. Some of them are du- 
plicates of books already in the Library, but they are not on 
that account the less acceptable. The possession of two 
copies will render it safe, as it might not otherwise be, to 
permit one copy to be lent for home use. 

Apart from the value of this donation as a scientific library, 
it possesses a special interest for the citizens of Boston. It 
places in a fitting position the most appropriate of monuments 
to the memory of the great American mathematician — a 
monument which will be at the same time the exponent of the 
high range of his studies, and, through the medium of his un- 
published manuscripts, of his great intellectual activity. Our 
children will look with reverence upon these memorials of 
one who dwelt so long among us, and who left so illustrious 
and so pure a name ; and the City possesses but few objects 
which will be regarded with greater interest by visitors from 

Another donation whicli requires special mention, is that 
by Miss Elizabeth Belknap, comprising a large number of 
volumes, besides tracts, some of which are from the library 
of her honored father, the late Dr. Jeremy Belknap. 

I may also mention another donation, which has just been 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 25 

received from the Hon. Rufus Choate. It consists of a com- 
plete series of the Statutes now in force, and of the Reports 
of the State of Massachusetts, in 72 volumes, uniformly and 
appropriately bound in full law calf. 

Another gift to the Library, noticed indeed in a former re- 
port, when its extent and importance were not so fully known 
as at present, is that of the Specifications of English Patents, 
presented by Her Majesty's Patent Commissioners. This ex- 
tensive and valuable work is intended to include the specifica- 
tions, entire, and accompanied by full drawings and plans, of 
all inventions for which letters patent have been issued in 
England from 1617 to the present time. It is estimated 
that the series, which will be completed within about two 
years, will make 500 volumes of text in imperial octavo, 
and 500 volumes of plates in folio. Only 200 copies have 
been printed, and it has been said, that each copy com- 
plete to 1860, will have cost the British Government not 
less than $10,000. Not only for its extent, but also for its 
importance to the progress of the Arts, this may be regarded 
as one of the most extraordinary literary undertakings of 
any age. To no country in the world, not even to England, 
is it of more interest than to the United States, where inven- 
tive genius is so rife and active. The usefulness of the work 
is greatly enhanced by the admirable and elaborate indexes, 
which have been prepared by Mr. Bennet Woodcroft, Super- 
intendent of Specifications, and published for the whole series. 
They are contained in nineteen volumes imperial octavo, and 
will enable any one to find whatever patent he seeks, if he 
knows either the name of the patentee, the date of the patent, 
or its subject matter. One of these indexes contains refer- 
ences to other publications in which the specifications, law 
proceedings and other subjects connected with the inventions 
are noticed. From the calls which have been made for this 
work, and from the testimony of others, I am led to believe 

26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

that it will be iu more frequent demand than almost any other 
"work of reference in the Library. 

Ours is the only copy in New England, and there are, I 
believe, but four others in the United States. 

The specifications under the old law, previous to the year 
1852, are not printed in consecutive order. It consequently 
will not be practicable to bind this division permanently, 
until the whole is completed. In some libraries, the sheets 
as printed, have been mounted on cloth ready for binding and 
kept in pamphlet cases. This has been very expensive, though 
not unwisely so. It will be two or three years before the 
whole work will be fully published and accessible for use. 

This great donation was procured for the Library at the 
suggestion, and through the zealous and obliging intervention 
of Joseph Story, Esq., late President of the Common Coun- 
cil, whose application for it was greatly promoted by the 
present chief magistrate of the United States, then Minister 
at the Court of St. James. 

With the accessions of the present year, the Library con- 
tains 70,851 volumes, besides 17,938 pamphlets and other arti- 
cles. This is certainly a very respectable number. It places 
the collection among the first as to size in America. The 
number of volumes is, however, a very imperfect indication of 
the value of a library. The books are to be judged by their 
appropriateness for the purposes of the Institution. Tried 
by this standard the Public Library is one of grep-t excellence. 
It is not a fortuitous aggregation of books, nor is it one 
made for display, or to gratify the curiosity of scholars or 
bibliomaniacs. It has been gathered with a well-defined pur- 
pose, upon a system judiciously formed and steadily pursued. 
The purpose was to make the best collection possible., with 
the means at the disposal of the Trustees, for the practical, 
every-day wants of the people of Boston. Even the presents 
;to the Library have been, for the most part, made in accord- 
ance with this principle. 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 27 

The Library should not, however, be judged by its present 
possessions aloue, but rather in connection with the lists of 
books still to be purchased. These lists tend to make it a 
harmonious collection. But the whole could not be procured 
at once, and the exigencies of purchasing have sometimes 
made it necessary to secure first, those which were not rela- 
tively so important as others not yet acquired. It would be 
unreasonable to expect a library to become complete in all 
departments, in a period of five years. What has been done 
may be regarded as a commencement, and a truly noble one, 
of a great enterprise which it will take many years fully to 
develop and complete. 

The last year has been especially noticeable, not only for 
the increase of the treasures of the Library, but also for the 
operations which have been conducted in relation to its or- 
ganization and to its preparation for use by the public. 

The first day of the year witnessed the dedication of the 
new building in the midst of general congratulations. Soon 
after the first of February the building was ready for occupa- 
tion, and the removal of the books of Mr. Bates's donation 
from the house in Boylston place was commenced. A large 
number of volumes which had been stored in boxes in the 
basement of the new building, together with those which had 
been accumulating in a place of temporary deposit at the 
Quincy School-house, were placed in the upper hall and 
provisionally classified and arranged. Those books which 
could best be spared from the rooms in Mason street were 
also removed and incorporated with the rest of the collec- 
tion. Meantime the Library in Mason street was kept open 
and freely used as before. The books in circulation were all 
required to be returned on the last day of June, preparatory 
to their final removal to Boylston street ; but such were the 
delays unavoidably incident to the gathering in of so large a 
number of volumes and the closing up of an establishment 
which had become so extended in its operations, that the 

28 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

whole of the books could not be transferred and the Mason 
street rooms closed, till the beginning of August. No time 
Avas lost, however, in the work upon the books in the new 
building. By the employment of a number of extra assist- 
ants, the catalogue of the greater part of the collection was 
thoroughly revised, and short titles, with multiplied cross 
references and lists of subjects, were prepared for printing. 
The whole Library was then assorted into two portions. The 
first, containing about 15,000 volumes, which experience had 
shown to be most frequently called for, was arranged in the 
lower hall, from which the books can be most rapidly distrib- 
uted to borrowers and readers. These books constitute an 
admirable library for common use, — selected not in accord- 
ance with any preconceived theory, but solely because the 
experience of several years had shown that they were the 
books most wanted by the mass of the people. Viewed in 
connection with this fact our Library is of considerable inter- 
est in showing the literary tastes and demands of our citi- 
zens. It might not be supposed that, for a mere popular 
library, such works as De la Rive on Electricity, Mushct's 
and Overman's Papers on Iron and Steel, the various volumes 
of Bailliere's Library of Standard Scientific Works, the writ- 
ings of Jonathan Edwards, and of Leighton, the works of 
Jefferson and of Hamilton would require to be placed where 
they could be most easily reached. But such is the truth 
here, and it speaks well for the intellectual character of the 
city. It is indeed true that the greater part of the books in 
the lower hall are of a more popular character, consisting of 
attractive works in the departments of Biography, History, 
Voyages and Travels, Fiction and Poetry ; but, generally, it 
is believed that the collection will be found eminently suited 
to promote the ultimate design of the Institution — the intel- 
lectual and moral advancement of the whole people. It w^ould 
probably be difficult to select the same number of books, bet- 
ter adapted to the great end of sustaining and directing the 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 29 

mental activity awakened by the noble system of public in- 
struction of which Boston is so justly proud. 

The books intended to remain in the lower hall, were then 
classified according to subjects, and places were assigned 
them upon the shelves. The number of the shelf and the 
position of the book upon the shelf were marked upon the 
book itself and upon all the cards and slips belonging to it. 
Shelf lists, or alcove catalogues, necessary for keeping the 
Library in order and for tracing books which may be missing, 
were prepared. The old covers were removed and every 
book was covered anew. 

The short title and the necessary cross references for the 
printed index were then selected from the mass of cards and 
slips, and arranged and copied for the press. The printing 
was commenced about the middle of September. At this 
stage of the operations it was deemed possible, and if possi- 
ble, it was felt to be desirable, to open the reading rooms, 
and to invite those who wished to avail themselves of the 
privileges of the Library, to register their names. The build- 
ing was accordingly thrown open to the public on the 17th 
of September. The printing has proceeded with rapidity, 
and it is hoped that soon after this report is published, the 
Index may be ready for distribution, and the patience of the 
citizens be rewarded by the free use of the most popular part 
of the Library. 

It will be observed that the printed guide to the contents 
of the Library is called an Index. Such it strictly is, rather 
than a catalogue. The Library possesses indeed a catalogue 
upon cards, which gives the title of every book fully, and it 
is hoped with accuracy, together with very numerous cross- 
references from the subjects of the books and the words of 
the titles. Such a catalogue is indispensable in every library. 
It is not, however, supposed to be necessary that it sliould all 
be printed immediately. It may be kept in manuscrij)t for 
consultation, till such time as the funds of the Institution may 

30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

warrant its publication. But some guide to the collection 
must be at once provided — one, too, which will be exact and 
simple, requiring no elaborate explanation of its plan or of 
the way to use it. Every exertion has been made to con- 
struct in the shortest time possible, such an index to the 
portion of the Library soon to be opened to the public. It 
contains a brief title of every work, under the name of the 
author, with a designation of the place, and date of publication, 
and of the size of the book. Each book is entered again 
under the word denoting its subject, and yet again under any 
prominent word in its title under which it would be likely to 
be sought for. These names of authors, of titles, and of 
subjects, are arranged in one alphabetical series, so that the 
work can be consulted with the greatest facility. It is difficult 
to see how anything of the kind can be simpler. It will not, 
however, be supposed that the execution of such a plan will 
be found perfect. Entire uniformity and accuracy cannot be 
expected where many hands and many minds are employed 
upon such a task. 

When this part of the Library shall be fully organized for 
use, it will be necessary to direct attention to the upper hall. 
The books of Mr. Bates's donation, now upon the shelves, and 
many others, are fully catalogued. But there are upwards of 
70U0 volumes which have been received whilst all the time 
of the Superintendent, the Librarian, and the assistants was 
required in active preparations to open the lower hall. There 
are likewise many books brought from the Quincy School 
house, and several thousand pamphlets, which have not been 
catalogued. It will be necessary, also, to construct shelves 
for several long series of works before they can be arranged. 
It will for these reasons be several months before it can be 
possible to prepare for the press an Index of the Upper 

But no unnecessary delay will be allowed. It may, to the 
inexperienced, seem a light matter to turn over the leaves of 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 31 

a book in order to see if it be complete, to write out its title 
in full, to note its size, to ascertain with accuracy its au- 
thorship, to assign it a place among kindred works, to enter 
it in the record of accessions, as well as in the alcove cat- 
alogue, and to make from its title such references as may 
guide the researches of those who wish to consult it. But 
when this task is to be repeated a thousand times, ten thousand 
times, seventy thousand times, the magnitude of the librarian's 
task will be apparent. When the difficulties are considered 
which he often encounters from titles inadequately represent- 
ing the subject of the book, or purposely disguising it, 
from the inaccurate designation of authorship, or its inten- 
tional concealment, from the fact that the books are in a 
multitude of languages and on all subjects, that title-pages 
are often lost or mutilated, — not to mention many other 
and more troublesome problems of bibliography, — it will be 
perceived by any intelligent person, that such a work demands 
time, patience, and perseverance, far beyond those required 
in ordinary literary labors. 

But such work, however arduous, cannot be avoided in a 
library. A library has been defined to be " a collection of 
books ; " but such a definition is as inadequate as to say that 
an army is a collection of men. To constitute an army, the 
men must be organized for warlike operations. So, to form 
a library, books and titles must be rightly ordered for their 
appropriate use. It is satisfactory, however, to know that 
this work of organization has to be done but once for one 
and the same collection. Future labors are for new accessions 
alone, if the first organization has been complete and accurate. 
It is often unfortunately true that the ambition to accumulate 
overrides the desire to arrange and make useful. In such 
cases, the practical value of a library does not keep pace 
with its increase, and the public are sure at last to be dis- 
appointed and dissatisfied. This is the cause of the great 
complaints which have been so frequently made against the 

32 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46, [Nov. 

conductors of public libraries. I believe it would be difficult 
to find such complaints uttered against those who render 
promptly available all that they possess. It has been the 
policy of this Library, wisely inaugurated at the outset, and 
steadily pursued, to allow no arrearages to accumulate. The 
necessity for this course was foreseen, and the wisdom of it 
has been fully vindicated. 

A year devoted so much as this has been to the removal 
to the new building, and to preparations for increased activity, 
is of necessity a broken year. It does not therefore present 
so great an aggregate of circulation as the last ; but it should 
be observed that the average of daily circulation during the 
time tliat the Library was open in Mason street was greater 
than in any previous year. The whole circulation for 197 
days was 75,570 volumes. The average daily circulation was 
383.6 volumes. Since the 17th of September, 3,175 persons 
have registered their names to secure the privileges of the 

In this connection it is proper to speak of the care with 
which the books have been used. A better opportunity for 
examining them has occurred during their arrangement in the 
new building, than had before been offered. The result cannot 
be very accurately stated in figures, for it is not easy to 
determine whether a book is to be numbered among those 
carelessly used rather than among those worn out fairly in 
the service. In general, however, while nearly 200 volumes 
have been cor lemncd as no longer fit for a place upon the 
shelves, and some hundreds more require to be re-bound, the 
condition of the books may be said to be excellent, and to 
furnish convincing proof that the people who have such free 
use of the Library, appreciate its privileges too highly to 
abuse them. Some cases have occurred of the defacement of 
books, by marking in the margins, by writing childish com- 
ments on the blank leaves, and in a very few instances by 
mutilations. Such ungenerous and ill-bred conduct is, how- 
ever, so rare as scarcely to require notice. 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 33 

In connection with the Librarian, I have examined carefully 
the record of losses. Though they amount in all to a con- 
siderable number, they scarcely average a hundred volumes a 
year, and as they are mostly of cheap books, they could be 
more than replaced by the amount collected in fines for the 
detention of books a longer time than is allowed by the regu- 
lations. The greater part of the losses have occurred through 
persons who have died or left the city. There is no reason 
to believe that the books were deliberately kept for their 
pecuniary value. They were probably forgotten in the midst 
of sorrow or a hurried removal, till, when discovered after a 
long interval, a false pride, or perhaps the difficulty of return- 
ing them, has prevented their restoration. It is hoped that 
these losses may be considerably diminished by some modi- 
fications in the manner of keeping the record, and by fre- 
quent examinations of all the accounts. 

Appended to this report is a full statement of the expen- 
ditures during the year. The amount collected and paid into 
the Treasury for fines is $100.2L 

I am happy to be able to state that since the building has 
been open to the public, the most perfect decorum has been 
observed by all its numerous visitors. Not an expression of 
dissatisfaction or impatience has been reported to me. No 
better evidence could be given of the high value the public 
place upon the great advantages which are here so freely offered, 
and of the safety of opening such an establishment without 
other restrictions, than such as are required to distribute its 
benefits equally among the greatest number. 

I feel constrained to add a word expressive of the satis- 
faction I have felt in the cheerful zeal and industry mani- 
fested by the persons who have been employed under my 
direction, in the labor of arranging the collection and pre- 
paring the catalogue. To their faithfulness and good-will 
the Institution is largely indebted. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. C. JEWETT, Superintendent. 
Public Library, 30th October, 1858, 

34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 


For One Year, from November 1, 1857, to October 31, 1858, 


Binding - - $471 44 

Books, including $2,438 89, remitted as income 
of the Bates fund, part of which belongs to 
next year's account, ..... 

Expense, inch Repairs, "Water, Tools, etc. 


Furniture and Fixtures . - . , 


Printing ....... 


Salaries ....... 

Stationery ....... 

Transportation, inch Insurance, Postage, etc. 

$19,890 01 



■ 467 




1,204 05 



394 46 












FOR THE YEAR 1857-58. 

Bates, Joshua, London, interest, 
Bigelow, Hon. John P., " 
Phillips, Hon. Jonathan, " - 

$3,000 00 

60 00 

- 600 00 

Brooks, Hon. Edward, \ ^^^^^f ^^ ^'°>^^^ ^"^°^^^"' ^^ 
' ' ^ Duplessis. 

Several gentlemen, namely ; 
Josiah Quincy, 
John D. W. Williams, 
Little, Brown & Co., 
John P. Bigelow, 
Oliver Eldridge, 
Thomas "Wetmore, 
David Sears, 
Abbott Lawrence, 
John Eliot Thayer, 
Martin Brimmer, 

Thomas G. Appleton, 
William P. Mason, 
John W. Trull, 
Edward H. Eldridge, 
Charles G. Loring, 
N. L Bowditch, 
A. Tucker, Jr., 
W. H. Prescott, 
George Hayward, 
George Baty Blake, 

J. T. Heard, 

Statue of the Arcadian 
Shepherd Boy, by W. 
W. Story, Esq. 




Marshals at the Dedication of 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Charles H. Allen, 
John F. Anderson, 
George H. Chickering, 
W. Ralph Emerson, 
A. Sidney Everett, 
Francis Ingersoll, 
George H. Kingsbury, 
Samuel B. Krogman, 
David F. McGilvray, 
Granville Mears, 

David R. 

the Building, namely : — 

Charles J. B. Moulton, 

Farnham Plummcr, 

J. Willard Rice, 

Charles 0. Rich, 

J. Avery Richards, 

George I. Robinson, 

W. B. Sewall, 

Nathaniel B. ShurtlefiF, Jr., 

Albert F. Sise, 

Charles A. Smith, 

J. Thomas Smith, 

A subscription amounting to 
$115 for the purchase of books. 

Abbot, Ezra, Jr., Cambridge, 

Abbot, J. G., Washington, 

Adams, Charles F., Hon., .... 

Adams, Edwin G., Rev., Templeton, - 

Adams, Sampson & Co., . - . . 

Adams, William J., 

Aiken, Joseph, 

Alger, William R., Rev., .... 
Amer. Assoc, for the Advancement of Science, 


Appleton, Charles Hook, 

Appleton, S. A., 

Appleton, William, Hon., 

Association of Banks, .... 

Astor Library, Trustees of, New York, 

Babson, William, 

Bachcldcr, J. G., - 

Baker, James L., ..... 

Balfour, David M., 


- 3 

■ 1 

. 4 

- 1 

- 1 


- 1 

- 2 

- 3 

- 3 



1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 37 

Vols. Pamph. 

Balfour, Mary D., .---.- 8 

Barham, Robert H., - - - - - 1 

Barrett, Samuel, -....- 1 

Bartlett, James W., - - - - - 1 

Bartol, Cyrus A., Rev., .... 4 
Bates, Joshua, including all invoices re- 
ceived to this date, .... 3,826 

Bazin, The Misses, 25 

Beal, James H., ------ 1 

Belknap, Miss Elizabeth, including pam- 
phlets to bo separately bound, - - 476 961 

Bell, Mrs. Jacob, New York, - - . 3 

Bigelow, Horatio, - - - - - 74 

Blake, Francis S., - - - - -^ - 1 

Blanchard, Charles, Roxbur}^, ... 2 

Boardman, B. G., Jr., . - . - 1 

Bolles, Charles, Mrs., . - ^ - - 2 

Boston, City of, - - . - - - - 3 1 

Boston Board of Trade, . - . ^ 3 

Boston Gas Light Co., - - - - 14 

Boston Mercantile Library Association, - - 1 

Boston Society of Natural History, - - 1 

Botume, E. H., 1 

Bowditch, Sons of the late Nathaniel Bow- 
ditch, LL. D., the "Bowditch Library," -2250 487 
Besides 104 maps and charts, and 29 
bound volumes of Dr. B.'s manuscripts. 

Bowditch, H. I., M. D., 3 

Bowditch, J. Ingersoll, 1 

Bowditch, Nathaniel I., - - - - - 2 

Bowen, Henry, - 1 

Boyd, Walter B., Mrs., 1 

Bradford, Charles F., Roxbury, - . - 8 

Bradlee, Caleb D., Rev., N. Cambridge, - - 9 2 

Bradlee, J. P., Mrs., 8 8 


t!ITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. 


Bradlee, J. Tisdale, 

Bradlee, Samuel, ------ 

Brewer, Gardner, 

Brooks, Gorliam, Mrs., ----- 
Brown, Buckminster, M. D., - 
Bryant, D., - - 
Bryant, Nahum F., - 

Buckley, Joseph, 

Bunker Hill Monument Association, - 

Cabot, Henry, 

Capen, Edward, . - . . - 

Carey, James E., 

Center, Joseph H., 

Chaffee, C. C, - 

Chandler, H. P., 

Chandler, J. G., 

Chandler, Thomas H., - - - - 

Chase, H. L,, 

Chickering, C. F., Mrs., Journal of the 
Franklin Institute, - . - - 
Chickering, Thomas E., Mrs., Niles's Register, 
Choate, Rufus, Hon., Massachusetts Reports, 

Churchill, , Mrs., 

Clapp, David, 

Clapp, Otis, 

Clapp, W. W., Jr., 

Clark, B. C, Jr., . . - - - 
Cochran, Susan M., . . . . . 
Codman, Edward, . . - * . 

Coffin, Eben S., 

Coggeshall, W. T., Columbus, Ohio, - 
Comins, Linus B., Hon., - . . - 
Compton, John T., Halifax, N. S., 

Cook, Samuel, Mrs., 

Copeland, Elisha, 





. 7 


. 1 


. 1 

■ 1 

- 1 

- 31 



- 1 

- 1 

- 2 

- 1 

- 1 

- 4 

- 14 







Courier, Boston, Proprietors, One year's subscrip'n. 

CuUen, Bernard, 2 

Curtin, D. S., 3 


- 1 

- 1 

- 1 

- 1 

Cushman, Henry "W"., Hon., - 

Dana, Charles F., - 

Dartmouth College, Trustees, 

Davis, Isaac P., Mrs., 

Dawes, Thomas, Rev., 

Dean, Benjamin, Mrs., 

Deane, Charles, - - - - 

Dearborn, Rebecca, Mrs., - 

Deeth, George 0., Georgetown, D. C, 

Dennett, W. H., - - 

Derby, M. C, Miss, - - . - 

De Witt, Francis, - - - 

Dexter, Anson, Mrs., 

Dexter, P. Gordon, - - 

Dexter, Lambert, . . - . 

Dimmick, W. R., - 

Dow, James B., - 

Dresser, Jacob A., - 

Dunn, Horace S., - - 

Durkee, Silas, M. D., ... 

D wight, Henry, Mrs., - 

Eaton, Joseph, Mr. and Mrs., - 

Eaton, Osgood, - - 

Eaton, S. P., 

Eaton, William, . . , . 
Eaton, William S., - 
Eddy, R. H., 
Eldredge, C. W., 
Eliot, Henry, - 
Essex Institute, Salem, 
Etheridge, Jeremiah P., 
Evans, George T., t 

- 1 

. 2 

- 1 

- I 


- 5 

- 2 

. 5 


, 1 


Theological works, 178 

Voltaire's works, 71 


- 9 

. 6 


Fampb . 


40 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

Everett, Edward, Hon., - . 348 papers, 
Everett, William, 






Felt, F. B., 

Felt, J. M., and family, .... 
Fields, James T., 




Field, Mary Kate, 



Fisher, James T., 



Fitton, William Henry, Edinburgh, . 



Fitzpatrick, Right Rev. Bishop, 

Flint, Charles L., 



Folsom, Sarah, Mrs., .... 



Foster, E. B., - . - Boston Courier, 


Ford, William E., 



French, James, 



Frost, Oliver, Hon., 



Frost, Oliver, Mrs., 



Frothingham, Charles H., 



Frothingham, Nathaniel L., Rev., D.D. 
Frothingham, Richard, Jr., Hon. - 



Fuller, A. B., Rev., 



Gage, Charles A., .... 



Gajani, Guglielrao, 

Gardner, Francis, , - - - 



Gardner, M. Helen, 

Gay, Ann L., --..-- . 
Gay, George, Mrs., - - - Law books, 
Geologischc Reichsanstalt, Wien, - 
Gilbert, Warren F.. - - 


Gibson, Betsey, Mrs., - - r .- 



Gould, H. C, Mrs., - - . , . 



Green, Samuel A., M. D., - 




Greenough, Charles, ..... 



Grecnough, William W., 




Griffith, Matilda J., 



Guild, R. A., Providence, 



1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 41 

Vols. Pamph. 

Hall, Charles B., 3 

Hall, Martin L,, 6 

Hallet, Elizabeth D., Yarmouth Port, - - 2 

Hallett, Benjamia F., Hon., ... - 1 
Harvard Musical Association, . . - . 1 

Hawkes, Thomas B., 1 

Hayden, William, -..--- 1 
Henry & Huntington, New York, - - - 7 

Hernisz, S., Dr., ...... 3 

Hichborn, George R., Mrs., - - - - 1 

Hickling, C, 3 

Higginson, T. W. Rev., Worcester, - - 3 

Hodges, A. D., 1 

Hodges, R. M., M. D., 1 

Holland, F. W., Rev., East Cambridge, - - 3 10 

Holmes, D. W., - - - ^ - - 1 

Holmes, D. W., Mrs., 1 

Hooper, Robert C, ----- 2 

Hough, Ruel, 2 

Howard, Mary, 1 

Howe, Jonathan, ...... 1 

Huckins, E. J. F., Mrs., .... 3 

Hunneman, James C, Roxbury, - - - 1 

Huntington, Charles P., Hon., - - - 1 

lasigi, Joseph, 1 

Jackson, Charles T., M. D., - - - - 3 

Jewett, Charles C, - . - - - - 1 

Johonnot, Andrew, ..... 7 

Jones, Charles, Mrs., - - - - - 1 

Jones, Peter C, Mrs., 1 

Kerr, R. C, New Orleans, .... 1 

Kettell, E. S., 1 

Kidder, Joseph, 3 

Kimball, Ann E., 2 

Kimball, George F., ----- 1 




Vols Fainph . 

Ladd, William U., Jr., 1 

Lawrence, Abbott, 2 1 

Lawrence, Abbott, Mrs., 1 

Lawrence, William B., 1 

Lee, Henry, Jr., 1 

Leiglitou, John, London, - - - 1 card. 

Leonard & Co., 1 

Lewis, Wiuslow, M. D., - - - - - 28 

Lewis, J. W. P., Mrs., 2 

Library Company, Philadelphia, ... i 

Lincoln, Fred. W., Mrs., . . . . 2 
Lincoln, F. W., Jr., Hon., - - - - 
Livermore, Charles C, Cambridge, - 
Livermore, Frank, " 

Livermore, George, " 

Livermore, William Roscoe, " 
Loring, Charles G., - 
Loring, James S., - 

Loring, John G., 

Loring, Joseph C, - - - - 

Lovell, William S., Mrs., . . - - 

Mann, William Tui'ts, .... 

Masou, Charles, Rev., ----- 

]\Iason, George M., ----- 

Mason, Jeremiah, Mrs., . . - - o 

Mason, Mary E., 2 

Massachusetts, State of, - - - - 1 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, - - 3 9 

Maynard, W., ------ 3 

Mears, Catherine, .'.--.. 2 
Mercantile Library Association, New York, - ,2 

Mercantile Library Association, Brooklyn, - 1 

Merriam, Joseph W., 1 

Metcalf, .). G., M. D., Hon., . - - - 1 

Middlesex Mechanic Association, - - - 1 





1858.] PUBLIC LTHRAKY. 43 

Vols. Pamph. 

Minot, William, Hon., 5 

Moore, Caroline, Miss, ----- 1 

Morgan, Albert, Mrs., 1 

Morland, W. W., M. D., - - - - - 7 57 

Morrill, Charles A., - - - - - - 1 

Morrill, Susan A., . .... I 

Morrison, Nahum M., - - - - - 4 

Motley, Thomas, -.--.. 3 

Moulton, George W., - - - - - 1 

Munro, P. G., and family, .... 5 

Nash & Co., 5 

Nazro, Henrietta H., . .... 2 

New Bedford, 1 

New Bedford Public Library, Trustees of, - 1 

New York, Regents of the University of, - - 2 
New York Society Library, - - - - 1 

New York Mercantile Library Association, - 1 

Norcross, Otis, .---.. 8 

Norcross, Otis, Mrs., - - - - - 4 

Norwood, George M., ----- 1 

Ohio State Library, - ----- 1 

Olmstead & Co., - - - - ^ - 1 

" One of the ladies," present at the Dedication, 1 

" One of the listeners," " '' " 1 

"One who was present from Maine," " - i 

Ormerod, George, London, . - - - 2 

Oxnard, George D., - - - - - - 7 

Packer, Charles H., 1 

Pennsylvania Hospital, - - - - - 1 

Patterson. , Jr., Mrs., . - - - 1 

Peabody Listitute, Danvers, - - - - 1 

Philadelphia Mercantile Library Company, - 1 

Phillips, Thomas W., - - . - - 1 

Phippen, George, - - , - - - 25 

Pigon, Sarah, Mrs., - - - - - - 1 

Plympton, Susie R., - ^- - - - 1 





Pomeroy, J. M., 


Pond, Joseph A., 1 

Porter, William H., 2 

Pratt, George W., 3 

Prescott, Sarah, Miss, 1 

Quincy, Josiah, Hon., 2 

Quincy, Josiah, Jr., Hon., . . . - 2 

Reed, W. Howell, 2 

Richardson, E. P., Miss, .... 1 

Richardson, James B., 2 

Robbins, Chandler, Rev., D. D., - - - 2 


Roberts, John G., 16 

Rogers, J. K. & Co., 2 

Salem Athen£cum, 1 

Sawyer, Lydia A., Mrs., . . . . i 

Sawyer, Russell, 1 

Sawyer, Stephen L., 1 

Seidenstickcr, James G., 1- 

Sever, James W., Col., 4 

Shattuck, Lemuel, Hon., 4 

Shimrain, Charles F., - - - - - 2 

Smith, Benjamin, Baptist Missionary Magazine, - 36 
Smith, Samuel, Worcester, ... - 1 

Snelling, S. G., 3 

Standish, L. Miles, 4 

Stanwood, H. B., 3 

Stanwood, Lucy, 1 

Stevens, Grenville, Mrs., 3 

Stevens, L. ]\r., 1 

St. Omer, Madame, 1 

Stone, James W., M. D., - - 1 chart, 38 


Storer, Frank H., 2 

Storer, H. R., M. D., - " - 


Stow, Baron, Rev., D. D. - - - - 3 

Sturgis, James, 6 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 45 

Vols. Pamph. 

Sumner, Charles, Hon., - - - 1 map, 13 7 

Tafts, E. 0., 1 

Tafts, E. 0., Mrs., 1 

Thayer, F. F., 2 

Thayer, J. H., 1 

Thornton, J. Wingate, - - - - - 3 " 
Thwiug, Thomas, ...-,- 5 

Ticknor, George, - . - . - - 7 

Townsend, , 2 

Townsend, Solomon D., M. D., - - - 1 
Traveller, Proprietors, One year's subscription. 

Treat, S. P., Mrs., 7 

Triibner & Co., London, - - - - - 1 

Trueman, Robert, -.--.. i 

Tucker, E. G., M. D., 2 

Tuckerman, Edward, . . . . , 1 
Turngemeinde of Boston. Turnzeitung, for one y'r. 
United States, Patent Office, ... .4. 

United States, State Department, - - - 22 1 

United States, Department of Interior, - - 1 

Upham, J. B., M. D., 2 

Upton, George B., - - - - - - 6 

Vinton, Frederic, ----.. 6 

Wainwright, H., ..-,.. 3 

"Walker, Amasa, ...... 1 

Walley, S. H., Hon., Roxbury, Niles's Regis- 
ter, complete, 76 

Ward, Annie B., - - - - • - - 1 

Ward, Lydia G., - - - - - - 1 

Ward, Samuel G,, Boston Shipping List, 1843- 
1857; London Price Current, 1830- 
1857; New Orleans Price Current, 1837- 
1857; New York Price Current, 1838- 

1857, 84 

Ward, Thomas W., 8 

46 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 46. [Nov. 

Vols. Pamph. 

Warren, J. IVfason, M. D., - Medical works, 109 120 

Warren, W. R., 1 

Washburn, F. L., 3 

Washington City Young Men's Association, - 1 

Webb, Thomas H., M. D., 2 

Welles, George D., 1 

Wells, E. M. P., Rev., 1 

Wellington, Charles, Rev., Templcton, - - - 1 

Welsh, Charles W., Washington, - 21 maps, 7 1 

Wentworth, F. B., 1 

Wheatland, H., M. D., Salem, .... 1 

Whipple, Charles K., 11 

Whitmore, William H., 10 4 

Whittemore, E. S., - - - - - 1 

Whitwell, E. H., 1 

Whitwell, Frederick A., - - - - 1 

Wigglesworth, , Mrs., . . . . 3 

Wight, John B., llev., Wayland, - - - 1 

Wilkins, John H., Hon., 3 

AVilliams, Elijah, ...... 4 

Williams, J. D. W., 127 

Willis, Nathaniel, - - - " 105 papers, 2 3 

Wilson, Archibald, 1 

Wilson, Benjamin F., ----- 1 

Wilson, Henry, Hon., 37 1 

Winchell, Rensselaer, - - - - - 4 

Winchester, F., 1 

Winchester, Susie, 1 

Winthrop, B. R., 2 

Winthrop, Eliza C, 1 

Winthrop, John, 1 

Winthrop, Robert C, Hon., - - - - 12 1 

Winthrop, Robert C, Mrs,, ... - 1 

Winthrop, William, 2 

Wise, Charles E., 2 

1858.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 47 

Vols. Famph. 

Wivilcl, Niels, 3 

Woodman, Joseph, Jr., . .... 2 

Worthington, Flanders & Guild, - - - 1 

Wright, Isaac Hull, Hon., . . . . 2 

Wyman, Martha P., 1 

Yeaton, Robert P., 1