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Full text of "Annual report"

SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



PBESENTED NOVEMBER 10, 1859. 




BOSTON: 
GEO. C. RAND & AVERY, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 3, Corn HILL. 

1859. 



City Document. — No. 66. 




SEYENTH ANNUAL EEPOET 

OF THE 

TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

OF TUE 

CITY OF BOSTON. 

PBESENTED NOVEMBER 10, 1859. 

Li Board of Aldermen, Nov. 10, 1859. 
Referred to the Committee on the Library, and eight hun- 
dred copies ordered to be printed. Sent down for concurrence. 

SILAS PEIRCE, Chairman, 

hi Common Council, Nov. 10, 1859. 
Concurred. 

J. r. BRADLEE, President 



CITY OF BOSTON 



Public Libeaey, 10th Nov., 1859. 
His Honor Frederic W. Lincoln, Jr., Mayor of the City of 
Bosto7i : — 
Sir, — I have the honor to transmit to you, herewith, the 
Seventh Annual Report of the Trustees of the Public Library, 
prepared in obedience to the fourth section of the Ordinance 
of the 14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment 
and regulation of the Public Library. 

Yery Respectfully, 

Your Obedient Servant, 

CHARLES C. JEWETT, 

Secretary of the Board of Trustees. 



THE SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



In obedience to tlie Fourth Section of the Ordinance of the 
14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment and 
regulation of the Public Library, the Trustees ask leave to 
submit to the City Council their seventh Annual 

REPORT. 

The .ordinance referred to directs that a Committee shall 
be annually appointed by the Trustees, consisting of five citi- 
zens at large, with a member of the Board to act as chair- 
man, who shall be invited to examine the Library, and make 
report of its condition. The members of this Committee for 
the present year are Rev. Dr. Edward N. Kirk, Abbott Law- 
rence, Esq., Charles James Sprague, Esq., Hon. C. H. Warren, 
and Jos. M. Wightman, Esq. ; George Ticknor, Esq., on behalf 
of the Trustees acting as chairman. The Report of the Exam- 
ining Committee is herewith annexed, marked A, and the Trus- 
tees feel bound gratefully to acknowledge the assiduity and 
patience of the gentlemen composing it, and the interest mani- 
fested by them in the welfare of the Library. "The Commit- 
tee of Examination may to some extent be regarded as a 
supervising body, by which the community at large, repre- 
sented by five distinguished citizens from the various pro- 
fessions and callings, becomes acquainted with the condition 
and operation of the Institution by personal inspection. 
View<3d iu this light, the Trustees consider the Examining 



6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 66. [Nov., 

Committee as a very important part of the organization of 
the Institution. '' 

The Library is at present organized under the Ordinance 
of the 14th of October, 1852, and the supplementary ordi- 
nance of the 2d January, 1858, which was enacted at the 
instance of the Trustees, to meet the wants of the Institution, 
after its transfer to the new building from the temporary 
premises in Mason street. To attain this object, some changes 
were required in the original ordinance, and some correspond- 
ing supplementary provisions. The two ordinances together 
furnish in practice, in most respects, an adequate rule for the 
management of the Institution ; but the Trustees are of opin- 
ion that they should be consolidated into one statute, and 
that some further provision should be made for the eflGcient 
administration of the Library. The views of the Trustees in 
this respect, will form the subject of a separate communica- 
tion to the City Council. 

It will be recollected that the new building was publicly 
dedicated on the 1st of January, 1858. Although the utmost 
diligence was employed beforehand, to prepare the books for 
use as soon as possible after the removal, it was not found 
practicable to open the Library to the public till nearly the 
close of the year. The Reading Room was opened on the 17th 
of September, and the Catalogue of the books in the lower 
room having been completed and published, they began to 
circulate on the 20th of December. The report of the Ex- 
amining Committee presents a very striking statement of the 
number of volumes borrowed and returned in the ten months 
which have since elapsed. If all the volumes in the Lower 
Hall had been equally used, each one would have been bor- 
rowed nearly twelve times in the course of the year. 

The great work of the Institution the past year, besides 
carrying on its regular operations in the circulation of books, 
and in the Reading Room, has been the preparation of the 
Catalogue of the books in the Upper Hall, amounting to 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 7 

about sixty thousand volumes. The nature of this operation 
is sufficiently explained in the Reports of the Examining Com- 
mittee and the Superintendent; but fully to understand its 
magnitude and difficulty, it will be necessary, after carefully 
examining the printed Catalogue of the lower room, a volume 
of above two hundred pages of fine print of the most difficult 
kind, to reflect that the printed Catalogue of the books in the 
Upper Hall will be three or four times as large. The utmost 
diligence has been employed in forwarding the work, and it 
will very shortly- go to press; — but several months must 
necessarily elapse before the printing can be completed. 

The Trustees deem it unnecessary, with reference to the 
condition and management of the Library, and the important 
facts in its history the past year, to do more than refer to the 
Report of the Examining Committee already alluded to, and 
that of the Superintendent herewith submitted and marked 
B, to which they invite the special attention of the City 
Council. 

The growth of the Library the past year has exceeded the 
expectations of the Trustees for its average annual increase, 
which they have in former reports calculated at five or six 
thousand volumes. It amounts the past year to 7,192 vol- 
umes and 1,317 pamphlets, of which 3,405 volumes and all the 
pamphlets have been presented to the Institution by a large 
number of liberal benefactors, whose names are recorded in 
the Appendix to this report. Of the volumes presented, 
nearly fourteen hundred are due to the liberality of Mr. Bates, 
over and above those purchased from the interest of the per- 
manent fund established by him. The Trustees would deem 
their annual report imperfect, if they failed to renew their 
acknowledgments, and they confidently add, those of the City 
Council, for the continued munificence of the greatest benefac- 
tor of the Institution. 

Nor ought they to omit to mention that in the course of 
the year, the interest of the liberal bequest of the late honored 



8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. GG. [Nov., 

and lamented Abbott Lawrence has begnn to accrue to the 
Institution, and will form henceforward an important addition 
to its permanent resources. 

For a due notice and acknowledgment of the various dona- 
tions of special interest, which have been made to the Library 
since the last annual report, the Trustees would respectfully 
refer to the Report of the Superintendent. It may be proper 
to state, on this subject, that for all donations of single books, 
or of a few volumes, an engraved form oC acknowledgment, 
with the blanks properly filled, signed by the President and 
countersigned by the Librarian, is immediately returned. In 
the case of large and more valuable donations, a special vote 
of thanks passed by the Trustees is transmitted by the Pres- 
ident. 

In contemplating the general condition of the Listitution, 
the Trustees feel authorized in stating that the Library is 
now, with one or two exceptions presently to be named, in as 
good a condition as the nature of things admits. The books 
are conveniently arranged, as far as possible according to 
their subjects. The catalogues, with their almost numberless 
cross references, which make them not merely a list of books, 
but to some extent an index of science and literature, are 
made up and ready for use. The arrangements for the circu- 
lation of books are systematic and efficient. The persons 
employed in the Library have, by experience and practice, be- 
come eminently skilful in the pcrformancu of their duties. 
The number of books borrowed has been much greater than 
heretofore, and the injury and loss proportionably less. The 
amount of periodicals supplied in the Reading Room, and the 
very free access to them, give to this Institution great promi- 
nence among those of similar character; while the works of 
reference, placed at one end of that apartment, are calculated 
materially to promote the objects of those who resort to it. 

It would be unjust to those to whose immediate care the 
Library is entrusted, not to ascribe the excellence of its con- 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 9 

dition, and the success with which it is carried on, to the dis- 
tinguished literary attainments, executive ability, and personal 
assiduity of the Superintendent, and the unwearied diligence 
and exemplary fidelity of the Librarian and his assistants. 
The Trustees are convinced that there is no similar institu- 
tion in the country, and they think they might add, in the 
world, which is open so many days in the year, and so many 
hours of the day, and of which so large a portion of the com- 
munity enjoy the free use on such easy terms. 

Having felt themselves authorized to make these satisfac- 
tory but unexaggerated statements, the Trustees feel that 
they may safely make the City Council acquainted with one 
or two objects of importance, for which it is necessary that 
some extra provision should be made. The first of these is 
the binding of that portion of the Specification of Patents, 
the munificent gift of the British Government, which remains 
unbound. The Trustees forbear to repeat the statements of 
the Examining Committee and the Superintendent as to the 
importance of this work, of which the copy in the Public 
Library is one of four or five in this country, and the only set 
in New England. By the terms of the donation, it is required 
that these volumes " should be open to the inspection of the 
public daily at all reasonable hours." It is obvious that vol- 
umes of this kind, containing a great number of valuable 
engravings, cannot be conveniently or safely open to the public, 
unless they are bound ; and the nature of the work requires 
that the binding should be peculiarly durable and substantial. 
Such a binding, the Trustees have ascertained, cannot be put 
upon the volumes which remain unbound under Two thousand 
dollars, and they respectfully solicit an appropriation to that 
amount. 

When the new Library building was transferred from the 
Building Commissioners to the Trustees, on the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 1858, in the large hall only the lower range of alcoves 
was shelved, it being supposed that this would afford sufiicient 
2 



10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. G6. [Nov., 

slielf-room for the present. The number of books however 
has increased so rapidly, that unless all regard to systematic 
arrangement is sacrificed, it is absolutely necessary to provide 
further shelf-room without delay. The Trustees already, 
from the funds appropriated for the current expenses of the 
Library, have been obliged to divert a large sum for shelving, 
that was absolutely necessary. This has compelled them to 
restrict themselves in other departments, which have accord- 
ingly suflered ; and large numbers of volumes still lie on the 
floors, for want of shelves for their permanent deposit. The 
Trustees would therefore earnestly recommend that the shelv- 
ing of the second range of alcoves should be completed at 
once, and for this purpose they ask a further special appro- 
priation. 

There is a class of large works, principally of engravings, 
whose size prevents their going upon shelves ; and for the 
accommodation of volumes of this kind, Cabinets specially 
constructed for the purpose are wanted. Two such cabinets 
have been procured by the Trustees, from the funds at their 
disposal, but here they have been obliged, for want of means, 
to stop. One such cabinet ought to be procured for each 
alcove of the lower range, and for this purpose the Trustees 
respectfully request that provision may be made. They have 
reason to think that the sum of Five thousand dollars will be 
sufficient for the shelves and the cabinets, making, with two 
thousand dollars for the binding, a gross sum of Seven thou- 
sand dollars. 

The Trustees are aware that the expenditure for the 
Library will seem large, but they trust the City Council will 
consider the extent of the Institution, the number of persons 
necessarily employed, the amount of service rendered, and of 
work done. The Library is at present an ornament and a 
blessing to the community. The Trustees desire only that it 
may continue to deserve that character; that it may grow 
with the wants of the city ; that it may be a place where the 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 11 

intellig:ent masses of the community may find good books, 
which they cannot afford to buy; ar^d where all those who 
have received the advantage of our excellent free schools, 
may carry on the great work of education, by access to the 
stores of useful knowledge contained in the Library. 

In conclusion the Trustees beg leave to add, that their per- 
sonal attention has continued to be given to the concerns of 
the Institution. The stated meetings of the Board as here- 
tofore have been held twice in each month, and extra meetings 
when required. It is believed that there has been no day in 
the course of the year, on which some one of the Board, and 
generally more than one, has not visited the Library, under a 
standing regulation. 

All which is respectfully submitted by 

EDWARD EVERETT, 
GEORGE TICKNOR, 
JOHN P. BIGELOW, 
NATHANIEL B. SHURTLEFF, 
WILLIAM W. GREENOUGH, 
GEORGE DENNIE, 
PHILIP H. SEARS. 

Public Library, 8th Nov., 1859. 



12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 66. [Nov., 



[A] 

KEPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 



The Examining Committee, appointed in obedience to tlic 
seventh section of an ordinance in relation to a Public Library, 
dated Oct. the 15th, 1852, rcspcctrully 

REPORT: 

That they have examined the Library, as nearly as circum- 
stances would permit, in the same manner in which it has been 
examined by the Committees to wiiom the same duty has here- 
tofore been assigned, both because that mode of examination 
has been found by experience to be thorough and satisfactory, 
and because, by following substantially the same course, a 
comparison can easily be made between the results of suc- 
cessive years, thus enabling any one to understand not only 
the actual condition of the Library, but its progress, aud tlie 
changes it has undergone or may need. 

Observing this method, your Committee have examined, 
L The Eooks, since the first and most important duty of 
a library is to collect books. The number added to the Pub- 
lic Library since the last annual report, appears, from the 
Accession's Catalogue, to have been 7,192 volumes, and 1,317 
tracts. Of this number, 3,405 volumes, and all the tracts 
have been given by 252 public-spirited individuals; and 3,787 
volumes have been purchased; — noting, however, that much 
the greater part of the books j^urchascd, have been bought 
from the income of funds liberally given by Joshua Bates, 
Esq., of London, the Hon. Jonathan Phillips, and Hon. John 
P. Bi-Tclow, of our own city; and that, of the books given, 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 13 

Mr. Bates has sent us 1,392 very valuable volumes over and 
above the many which have been purchased from the income 
of his munificent fund. Adding these to the number of books 
and tracts reported to be in the Library at the last examina- 
tion, there are now in its possession 78,043 volumes of books, 
and 19,255 tracts. The character of these books, as a collec- 
tion, your Committee feel bound to state, is very high; and 
they wish to add that they look upon it as not a little remark- 
able, that a Library hardly seven years old, should be so large, 
rich, and important. 

The books in the lower hall, many of which have been in 
circulation from the first opening of the Institution, bear marks 
of the honorable service they have rendered. A few seem to 
have been injured wantonly or thoughtlessly, by writing in 
them or otherwise. One hundred and thirty-four are completely 
worn out, and one hundred and thirty are missing. Of these 
last, some, as in former years, will no doubt be returned, but 
the greater part are probably irrecoverably lost. The Commit- 
tee learn, however, with much satisfaction, that the missing 
books are almost all books of very trifling cost; that all 
of them can be replaced by the proceeds of the fines col- 
lected on books kept beyond the time limited by the regula- 
tions of the Institution ; and that it is not at all likely that 
any one of them was taken for its pecuniary value, but that 
they have in general been lost by the removal of families 
from the city; by the death of the persons who had bor- 
rowed them ; or from some of the many changes, accidents 
and calamities of life incident to more or less of the thou- 
sands who have resorted to the Library. Still, some of them 
have, no doubt, been lost from carelessness or a more unwoi-thy 
cause. But they must be few. Wc regret that there should 
be any such ; and we hope that the good principles of our 
fellow-citizens, and their sense of honorable responsibility, 
when availing themselves of a privilege so great, will make 
them hereafter more careful and faithful. 



14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. G6. [Nov., 

In general, the books throughout tlic Library arc bound in 
a manner suited to tlieir respective characters and purposes. 
The very large donations of Mr. Bates, constituting not only 
the greater part of the Library in the number of its volumes, 
but by far the greater part of its value, are in excellent bind- 
ings; — not a few arc in bindings rich, solid, and magnificent. 
Most of the remainder are in a good and becoming condition. 
But in some cases, for want of funds, the books are not prop- 
erly cared for; and, in one case at least, the Committee think 
that, for the credit of the Library and of the City, a remedy 
should be early applied. The case to which they refer, is that 
of the very important and precious collection of the Specifi- 
cations of English Patents, presented to the Library in the 
most free and generous manner by the British Patent Com- 
missioners. It was procured in 1855, by Joseph Story, 
Esq., formerly President of the Common Council of the 
city, and one of the Trustees of this Institution, who ob- 
tained it by the intervention and influence of Mr. Buchanan, 
then Minister of the United States, at London, whose assis- 
tance Mr. Story earnestly and successfully invoked for that 
purpose. It includes all the specifications in full, with all the 
engravings from all the original drawings and plans made to 
illustrate every patent granted by the British Government 
from 1G17 down to the present day, and regularly kept up and 
furnished to us year by year free of charge. Only two hundred 
copies of this great work are printed, and each copy already 
costs the British Government above ten thousand dollars, to 
which every year a large sum must be added for its increase. 
It makes, or will make — when all the Specifications we now 
have are bound — about 4.00 volumes of text in large 8vo, 
and about 325 volumes in large folio, containing, in all, above 
30,000 engravings, — the whole so fitted with twenty- three 
volumes of remarkable indexes as to be easily used. It is one 
of the most extraordinary and liberal undertakings of any 
a^e to advance knowledge and to difl'use it throughout the 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRAEY. 15 

world. In what relates to the mechanical arts, it is, we 
believe, the most remarkable ever attempted through the press. 
The copy in the Public Library of Boston, is the only one in 
New England, and is likely to remain such. The demand for 
consulting it, by inventors, machinists and persons interested 
in our manufactures, is already very great, and is fast increas- 
ing. It is one of the most valuable and useful books in the 
Library; — it is by far the most costh', although it costs us 
nothing. But, about 200 volumes in 8vo and 200 volumes in 
folio still remain to be bound, and cannot well be consulted 
and used until they are bound. From the manner in which 
they were published, this portion of them could not be bound 
until within a few months past. But now the series is com- 
plete; and, both for the preservation from injury of so valu- 
able a gift, and to render its contents useful to the multitude 
of persons interested in the mechanic arts, and in patent 
inventions, who desire to consult it, it ouglit to be bound 
without delay. This, however, is not a small matter. It is 
necessary that the engravings yet unbound, and which are sup- 
posed to be not less than 14,000, should, like the 16,000 or 
more already bound, be pasted on muslin, to prevent them from 
being torn and ruined by their use in consulting them. This, 
we understand, will cost two thousand dollars. But we feel 
sure that the money will be well spent for an object so impor- 
tant and of such general interest. Indeed, there is no reason 
why it has not already been undertaken, except the want of 
funds. We do not doubt, however, that when the subject is 
p;operly considered, the needful means will be supplied.* 

II. Next in importance to the books in a large Public 
Library, come the Catalogues, without which the books, how- 
ever valuable in themselves, are little better than a chaos 
which only becomes more unmanageable and more unintelligi- 



*See the Superintendent's interesting report on this subject, published as a part of the 
Annual Keport of tae Trustees of tbe Public Library for ls08; — from vhicli many of the 
facts in the above staiemcnt are taken. 



16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. G6. [Nov., 

blc, as the collection grows larger and larger. The Commit- 
tee have, therefore, great satisfaction in stating that the Cat- 
alogues of this Institution arc ample, sufficient, and well 
adjusted to their respective purposes, so that any person may 
easily learn from them, whether the Library can offer him 
anything suited to his particular wants. They consist of, — 
1st, The Accessions^ Cato/ogwe, which contains the short title of 
each book, its condition as to binding, and all other informa- 
tion required in relation to it, as soon as it is received; and 
so, from its facts and dates, becomes a history of the whole 
collection of books in the Library ; — 2d, The Card Catalogue, 
whicli, on above an hundred thousand cards, contains the full 
title of every book and every bound tract in the Library; the 
cross-references under which each may be asked for, and the 
needed distributions by subjects, — all alphabetically arranged 
so as to make the contents of the Library easily accessible 
and intelligible to anybody who wishes to use it; — and 3d, 
The SheJf Catalogue, which gives the running title of every 
book as it stands on its shelf with other kindred works, so 
that this catalogue serves the double purpose of showing in 
an instant whether any book is missing, and what are the 
other books in the Library on the same subject. These are 
the three great Catalogues of the Library, and your Committee 
are happy to be able to add that they are all well kept up to 
the present time, — a circumstance very important, both for 
the daily usefulness of the Library, and for its future success, 
but one very rare in similar institutions, whether in this coun- 
try or in Europe. 

The most important of these three Catalogues, to those 
who use the Library, is the Card Catalogue. It is the key 
which unlocks all its treasures, and exposes and explains them 
freely to the public. It is, of course, too large to be published 
entire ; but a part of it, or an index to a part of it, containing 
the titles of about 15,000 of the volumes most needed for fre- 
quent popular use, was published in December, 1858, and two 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 17 

supplements, containing the titles of above 1,550 Tolmncs 
more, chiefly new publications well litted to the general wants, 
have been prepared and printed since, bringing down the con- 
dition of this part of the Library, to October 20, 1859. This 
printed Index, or Catalogue, has been entirely successful in its 
purposes, and has caused the part of the Library that it repre- 
sents, to be, as your Committee believe, more used than any 
similar collection of books, under the same conditions, was 
ever used before in any country. They are therefore grati- 
fied to learn that a similar Index or Catalogue, throwing open 
to the public the remaining treasures of the Library, consisting 
of about 60,000 volumes in the Upper Hall, is already quite 
prepared, and will be published with as little delay as is con- 
sistent with the exactness necessary in carrying such a work 
through the press. 

III. The Building, which is to protect these treasures, 
and to render them easily and pleasantly accessible to our 
citizens and their families, is a monument to the liberality of 
the City Government, and a most gratifying proof of their 
earnestness in the cause of education. But notwithstanding 
its great cost, it was not entirely finished nor sufficiently fur- 
nished, when it was delivered into the hands of the Trustees, 
on the first of January, 1858. On the contrary, it appears 
that, with limited means, the Trustees have been compelled 
to expend in finishing and furnishing the building, since 
that time, the further sum of $4,952.85. And even now, your 
Committee have seen that it is not finished nor furnished as it 
should be. Above a thousand volumes, mostly donations, and 
constantly and rapidly increasing in numbers, are lying on the 
floor for want of suitable shelving; — above an hundred very 
large volumes of costly engravings, nearly or quite a'l given 
by Mr, Bates, are lying in the same exposed position, for 
want of a dozen cabinets in which to protect and preserve 
them for use, as a few are already protected and preserved in 
the only two or three cabinets that the Trustees could pay 
3 



18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 66. [Nov., 

for; — au outside door is wanted to remedy a defect in the 
original construction of the building; — and additional cases 
are Avanted to contain a large portion of the card catalogue, 
and make it as easily useful as a part of it is now made by 
its arrangement in its appropriate and excellent case. For 
these obvious and urgent wants — some of them, we fear, not 
entirely creditable to the Institution itself — no funds, we 
understand, are available. But we have no doubt that, when 
they are made known, the anxiety of the Trustees, and the 
wisdom and liberality of the City Government will not fail to 
provide them. 

IV. The Administration of the Library : or how it is 
opened and administered for the public benefit. This is natu- 
rally the last subject of inquiry, but by no means the least in- 
teresting or important. 

Under the Ordinances of October 15, 1852, and January 2, 
1858, the Trustees are made responsible for the general 
oversight and control of the Library, while its immediate 
management and administration are in the hands of a Super- 
intendent and Librarian, and as many assistants as it may from 
time to time be found needful to employ. During the past 
year, the number of persons in the service of the Librai-y 
including the Superintendent and Librarian, has varied from 
13 to 21. It is now 21 ; but one of them is an invalid, who 
has net for some time been on duty, and one or two others 
will, in a few weeks, it is believed, be no longer needed. The 
greater part of the force of the Library, when the large 
catalogue, now ready for the press, is published, will, it is 
supposed, be employed in the circulation of the books from the 
Upper Hall, as well as from the lower one. 

The collection of books in the Lower Hall, with the Index 
that has made their use so easy and pleasant, was opened to 
the public on the 20th of December, 1858, and was closed for 
examination and cleaning, from October 21, 1859, to Novem- 
ber 1. During these ten months the Library was open 254 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 19 

days, and 149,468 books were lent from its Lower Hall, mak- 
ing an average of 588 and a fraction pc/- diem, or 205 more 
daily and 52,070 more in ten months than were ever circulated 
before in any similar period of the history of the Library. 
As an Institution, therefore, it is becoming more and more 
useful and important, and, therefore, gaining more and more 
in the general favor and confidence. 

Under these circumstances, the Committee of Examination 
do not hesitate unanimously and earnestly to urge the Trus- 
tees of the Public Library to ask respectfully from the City 
Government such an appropriation as will furnish the shelving 
needful to afford room for the books now on the floors, and 
the many likely soon to be received, for which there is now 
no more suitable place ; — and such a further appropriation as 
will be needful to add a proper protection against the weather 
at the main entrance ; to purchase the cabinets indispensable 
for preserving and rendering useful the many valuable and 
rich books of engravings in science and the arts, now lying in 
piles ; and to bind the unbound part of the collection of Pat- 
ent Specifications, and the other books that require it, so that 
they may all take their proper position and character in such 
an Institution. And the Trustees are respectfully urged to 
ask for these appropriations with earnestness, both because 
your Committee feel a full assurance that they are reasonable 
in amount, and important to the usefulness and prosperity of 
the Library, and the credit of the city, and because they do 
not doubt that the City Government will cheerfully make 
them in the same wise and liberal spirit in which they have 
heretofore sustained the Public Library as an Institution im- 
portant to the free public education of ourselves and our chil- 
dren. 

Having thus discharged their most obvious and clear duty, 
your Committee do not feel that it is necessary for them to 



20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 66. [Nov., 

go back and add aiiytliiug to the statement of facts which they 
have set forth iu the simplest manner they could, and in the 
fewest "words. They "will, therefore, only say, iu general 
terms, that they have found the Institution, as a part of the 
City's property and honor, in good condition ; — giving through- 
out satisfactory proof, that those who have had its manage- 
ment in their hands dui'ing the past year, have faithfully per- 
formed the duties entrusted to them respectively, and that it 
is undoubtedly doing much good, and destined to do much 
more. 

But your Committee deem it needful to say one word on 
some changes in the manner in which the Library has been 
administered during the last year. From the 20th of Decem- 
ber, 1858, when the circulation from the new building began, 
the whole Institution has been more freely and trustingly 
opened to the public than it ever was before. A much larger 
number of such books as are wanted for circulation has been 
rendered accessible, and this large number wall be greatly 
increased as soon as the new Catalogue to the very rich re- 
mainder of the collection shall be published, and the sixty 
thousand books in it opened for use. The number of holidays 
has been diminished to Sundays and the five holidays pre- 
scribed by law. The time employed in the annual examina- 
tion, has, from the greater force in the service of the Institu- 
tion, and the better and freer room for their work, been re- 
duced from a fortnight to ten or eleven days. The time dur- 
ing which books can be taken out daily has been extended 
from seven hours to ten, and the Reading Room, which was 
formerly closed at half past nine, p. m., is now open from nine 
in the morning to ten at.night. 

It is believed that no similar institution in any equally large 
city of the world is so freely and confidingly open to the peo- 
ple. It only remains to be seen how the people will use the 



1859.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



21 



great means for intellectual, moral, and religions improvement 
which are thus put into tlieir hands. Your Committee are 
among those who fully believe that these and all similar 
means will be used wisely and well by the citizens of Boston. 



GEO. TICKNOR, 
EDW. N. KIRK, 
ABBOTT LAWRENCE, 
CHAS. J. SFRAGUE, 
C. H. WARREN, 
JOSEPH M. WIGHTMAN, 

Public Library, 4th Nov., 1859, 



. Committee of 
f Examination. 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 6G. [Nov., 

[B] 

SUPERINTEXDEXT'S KEPORT. 



To THE Trustees of the Public Library op the City op 

BOSTOX. 

Gentlemen: — B\' the third article of the second chapter 
of the By-Laws relative to the Trustees and Officers of the 
Public Library, it is made the duty of the Superintendent to 
present annually '' to the Trustees, in writing, a detailed re- 
port of whatever may relate to the condition and increase of 
the whole establishment, and of whatever, in his judgment, 
may extend its usefulness, and render it more prosperous and 
efficient." In compliance with this requirement, I have the 
honor to present to you the following 

REPORT 

for the year ending the first of November, 1859. 

During the year, 7,192 books and 1,317 pamphlets have 
been added to the Library. 

Of these, 3,787 books have been purchased with the pro- 
ceeds of the invested funds and appropriations of the City 
Government, and 3,405 books and 1,317 pamphlets have been 
presented. 

If we add the accessions of the present year to the aggre- 
gates of the last report, we find the Library to contain, at 
this time, 78,043 books and 19,255 pamphlets. 

These seventy-eight thousand and forty-three volumes are 
distributed in the building as follows: 15,819 books of popu- 
lar character, suitable for the widest circulation, are in the 
Lower Hall, and in constant use ; 60,420 books, which it is 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 23 

supposed will be in less frequent demand than the others, arc 
in the Upper Hall; and 1,804 duplicates arc placed upon the 
gallery, awaiting the action of the Trustees. These dupli- 
cates comprise several hundred books, of which, when they 
were first published, a large number of copies were required. 
The demand having ceased, it was thought undesirable to en- 
cumber with them the shelves of the Lower Hall. Among 
them, also, are several hundred volumes of recent Congress- 
ional publications. The remainder are almost entirely dona- 
tions. 

The number of volumes upon the shelves of the Lower 
Hall was ascertained by counting them. The aggregate of 
books in the whole Library has been obtained by adding the 
accessions of each year to the numbers reported the previous 
year. It is to be expected, therefore, that the total number 
of volumes now reported will be somewhat varied when the 
books in the Upper Hall are counted upon the shelves. 
There has not been time to make the enumeration since com- 
pleting the arrangement of the books. The principal source 
of variation is in the Ijinding of books in a different number 
of volumes from that originally reported. It is almost im- 
possible to note these changes as they occur. There are also 
other sources of variation. It is only necessary, however, to 
allude to them in this place, in explanation of apparent but 
unimportant discrepancies. 

It was not expected that the donations of this year would 
be as numerous as those of the last, during which a large por- 
tion of Mr. Bates's donation and the whole of the Bowditch 
Library were received. But the gifts reported at the present 
time, a list of which is appended to this report, will be found 
to be both extensive and important. 

The continued and generous interest of Mr. Bates has been 
evinced by the gift of 1,392 volumes, besides those procured 
by the proceeds of his fund. 

Among the presents of Mr. Bates, this year, is a collection 



24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. G6. [Nov., 

of about 500 works relating to the liistorv, science, and art 
of music, forming a library in this department, of which any 
institution in the world might be proud. It was procured 
' through the intelligent and zealous intervention of a citizen of 
Boston, Mr. A. W. Thayer, whose name deserves to be held 
in grateful remembrance by the cultivators of this delightful 
art in our city. The basis of the collection was the Library 
of the late M. de Koudelka, which was advertised to be sold 
by auction at Berlin in January last, and of which it was well 
said in the advertisement, "Any one knowing the extreme 
rarity of books of music, particularly of the 15th and IGth 
centuries, will be surprised at the richness of this collection. 

" Tiie zeal of a learned amateur, aided by the most favora- 
ble opportunities, served to bring together, in the space of 
forty years, this choice collection of books, among which the 
late Mr. Dehn, the profound connoisseur in musical literature, 
discovered several which were before unknown to him."' To 
tlie Koudelka Library, Mr. Thayer added more than one hun- 
dred volumes, to render the department more complete. 

The collection contains most of the early printed musical 
works of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries, some of which 
have become extremely rare. It has, besides these, many 
later works of noted excellence. In connection with it should 
be mentioned 28 quarto volumes of manuscript music selected 
and copied by Prof. S. W. Dehn, late Custos of the musical 
collection of the Royal Liljrary of Berlin. 

This selection was made for the Library at Mr. Bates's 
request, under the direction of Mr. Ticknor, from the best 
published and unpublished musical compositions of the IGth, 
ITtli, and 18th centuries, in the Royal Library of Berlin. It 
was one of the last and one of the best works of an accom- 
plished and lamented connoisseur. 

The introduction of music as a branch of study in the 
public schools of the city, and the growing taste of the com- 
munity for the higher exhibitions of the art, render the acqui- 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 25 

sition of materials so ample for its most extensive and 
scientific pursuit, a subject for public congratulation. 

During tlic 3'ear, the publication of the English Patents 
under the old law, — previous to Oct., 1852, — has been com- ' 
pleted, and the whole set has been presented by the British 
Patent Commissioners. It is not necessary here to repeat 
what was said in the last report respecting the great value of 
this work. It has already been in much request. But its 
utility will be greatly increased, when the whole series shall 
be bound. It has not thus far been possible to incur the ex- 
pense of binding. Indeed, the last portion of the Specifica- 
tions was not received till the month of August. I beg leave, 
however, to call attention to the importance of making this 
valuable gift as easy of reference as possible, and to this end 
of asking from the City Government an appropriation of two 
thousand dollars for binding it in a suitable and convenient 
manner, and an additional appropriation of four hundred dol- 
lars for the shelves and cabinets necessary for its preservation. 

I append to this report the ofiicial letter of presentation 
of the work. It will show the generous confidence of the 
donors, and the nature of the obligation incurred by accepting 
the gift. 

The presents, — by the Duke of Devonshire of an elegant 
copy of the engraved fac-simile of the first edition of Hamlet, 
and by the Count of Syracuse, uncle of the present king of 
Naples, of one of his own elegant and valuable publications, — 
are Intrinsically important, and deserving of special mention 
as indicative of the interest felt in this enterprise of the peo- 
ple by enlightened and distinguished men in other lands. 
The former work was procured through the kind offices of 
Mr. Parker and Mr. J. Payne Collier, the latter through the 
ol)liging intervention of Mr. Bcudclari. 

The money subscribed for the Library by the marslials at 
the dedication of the building, lias been invested in a superb 
work, illustrative of the Coronation of George the Fourth. 
4 



26 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. GG. [Nov., 

This is one of the most sumptuous and elegant books ever 
published. It derives a great value from the fact that all its 
figures are portraits. It is in truth a gallery of accurate 
miniatures of personages whose names are associated with 
the most exciting events of modern times. 

Dr. Stanislaus Hcrnisz has presented to the Library a col- 
lection of 34-7 Chinese books, comprising valuable historical 
and literary works, and including a copy of the large Impe- 
rial Dictionary. 

Besides the loolcs which have been presented, the Library 
has, through tlic liberality of several gentlemen of the city, 
been made the place of deposit of a valuable painting by 
Copley, representing Charles the First demanding the five im- 
peached members of the House of Commons. This cele- 
brated picture will find its most appropriate resting place in 
the city which gave birth to its distinguished author. During 
the short time it has been in the Library, it has at- 
tracted much attention, and it will ever be considered an 
ornament to the city, valuable as a work of art, and from its 
association with events of great moment to the early progress 
of this Commonwealth. 

At the date of my last report, the Reading Room had been 
opened to the public, the registration of names for the use of 
the Library had been commenced, the organization of the de- 
partment of popular books for general circulation had been 
nearly completed, and the Index to the Lower Hall was in 
press. On the 20th of December, 1858, all arrangements 
having been finished, the lower Library was offered for gen- 
eral circulation. No reservations were made, except with 
respect to the medical works, the use of which was restricted 
to professional readers. We have not to-day a full year's 
experience to report. But the result of the ten months is 
highly gratifying and encouraging. It is not enough to say 
that the Library has met the expectations of tlie most san- 
guine. No one, probably, not even the most hopeful, had 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 27 

supposed that the privileges of the Institution would be so 
eagerly sought and so widely diffused as they have been. The 
statistics are surely remarkable, and will tell their own tale 
in support of the popularity of this enterprise. The full 
measure of its usefulness, like that of the kindred enterprise 
of free schools, can only be estimated by one who, genera- 
tions hence, shall trace the history of our civilization. 

During the year, ten thousand one hundred and fifty-four 
persons have registered their names to secure the privileges 
of the Library. During the fifteen months since the opening 
of the books in this building, the number of new subscriptions 
has been thirteen thousand three hundred and twenty-nine- 
it will be remembered that the former books of registration 
were then closed, and a new record commenced. 

The circulation of books, during the ten months just ended, 
reached the extraordinary number of one hundred and forty- 
nine thousand four hundred and sixty-eight, being on an aver- 
age 588J books for every library day. The largest number 
taken out in any one day was 1,335, or more than two a 
minute during the ten hours of service. 

This is equivalent to a circulation of more than 170,000 a 
year, which, for a library of 15,000 volumes, is equal to the 
loan of every book on an average nearly twelve times a 
year, or once a month. 

It was of course to be expected that the number of books 
actually taken from the shelves, would be but a part, and a 
small part, of those asked for, owing to the fact that several 
persons often seek the same book at the same time. It is 
impossible to meet, in such a Library as this, the whole de-" 
mand for current and popular works. This will appear mani- 
fest from tlie statement, that in some of the larger circulating 
libraries of London, five hundred, one thousand, and even in 
some cases twenty-five hundred copies of novels, or very pop- 
ular books are purchased and arc found necessary for the 
supply of readers. To attempt to meet the whole demand 



28 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. GQ. [Nov., 

for such books would be preposterous, and would defeat one 
of the cliief purposes of this Institution. The whole of the 
funds would be expended, year by year, in purchasing numer- 
ous copies of some dozen different books, easily obtained 
elsewhere, while the great object of the Library to furnish a 
large variety of works of practical value, most of which are 
not to be found in our circulating libraries or book stores, — 
for example, the books of use in some particular trade, which 
twenty mechanics may Avish to consult in the course of a 
year, — the works on history, which perhaps fifty young men 
thirsting for knowledge would otherwise seek in vain, could 
not be purchased. It may be, that in progress of time, this 
Institution will become the parent of a circle of district 
libraries scattered about the city, each with separate re- 
sources, and exchanging occasionally their books. We can- 
not perhaps yet fully foresee the range of benefits which this 
first central experiment may draw after it for the community. 
It may perhaps, by means of branch libraries, or otherwise, 
at some time, be practicable to increase the popularity and 
usefulness of the Institution, in the direction indicated to an 
extent now impossible. 

I should be happy to present a statement of the classes to 
which the books circulated belong. It has been impossible to 
make the examination with respect to all. When it is 
remembered that for nearly every book taken from the 
Library two entries must be made in the record, — one for 
discharging the book returned, and another for charging the 
one received — and that during some days these entries in the 
record average more than three a minute for the whole ten 
hours, it will be apparent that no time can be spared for no- 
ticing the character of each book, as it passes through the 
hands of the assistants. 

In order to facilitate the operations of the distributing de- 
partment, both to the public and to the officers in charge, the 
mode of keeping the accounts is l)y recording the number of 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 29 

the slielf upon which the book stands and the order of the 
book upon the shelf, and not the title. This method renders 
it difficult, though not impossible, to ascertain from the record 
the character of the circulation. The books are arranged ac- 
cording to subjects, the shelves therefore indicate to those 
acquainted with the system of classification, the subject to 
which the books placed upon them relate. But the process 
of examination is laborious. In the midst of the engrossing 
duties of the ten days, during which the Library was closed, it 
was not possible to pursue such an inquiry very far. 

I am, however, happy to say in general terms, that the 
investigations and estimates which I was able to make, pro- 
duced results which were, in comparison with those published 
respecting other libraries of a similar character, highly satis- 
factory. They exhibit a larger demand for works of solid 
merit in history, sciences, the arts, biography and travels, 
than the returns of any other miscellaneous library with which 
I am acquainted. It may be safely stated, also, that the class 
of light works is represented in this Library by the better 
specimens only, — all which are thought to be of evil tendency 
being rigidly excluded. 

It is gratifying to be able to state, that from the first open- 
ing of the doors to the p^iblic, till the time of closing them 
for the annual examination, the whole business of the Library 
proceeded with great regularity and order. Through the ever 
active and laborious exertions of Mr. Capen, the Librarian, of 
Mr. Bedlington, and the other assistants, the whole of this 
immense circulation has been conducted with such prompt- 
ness, courtesy and care, that no complaints have reached me 
of inattention or impatience, while the property of the Insti- 
tution has been guarded with unceasing watchfulness. I am 
well aware that the highest praise for this result belongs to 
the visitors of the Library — the people of Boston — who 
have shown so enlightened an appreciation of this fountain of 
knowledge, created and sustained for their free enjoyment. 
But it should not be allowed to pass unnoticed, that weari- 



30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 66. [Nov., 

some duties, — not for a few hours each day, but for ten and 
twelve hours, day after day, without respite, — have been per- 
formed with uniform cheerfulness, zeal and success. 

It is a subject, too, upon which any citizen of Boston may 
be allowed to dwell with satisfaction, that this good order has 
not been coerced. No force whatever has been required 
to secure it. The majority of the pcrsous employed in the ser- 
vice of the Library are females. They have attended constant- 
ly in the Reading Room and in the Distributing Room wait- 
ing upon the public, and have never, in a single instance, been 
obliged to complain of rudeness or of unbecoming conduct on 
the part of the frequenters of a l:)uilding thrown open with- 
out restriction or other defence, to the whole population. 

The whole number of books missing from their places at 
this date is 130. Some of these will undoubtedly be found. 
I cannot but regard this as a very small percentage of loss, 
w^hen we remember that the circulation was 150,000. The 
losses are for the most part the result of accident, and the 
sickness of those who borrowed the books. The fines for the 
detention of books beyond the time allowed by the rules, 
which are usually paid readily and without murmur, would 
far more than replace the missing volumes. This favorable 
result has been secured by frequent«xaminations of the record, 
proposed in my last report, and laboriously performed by Mr. 
Bedlington. 

Every case of delinquency has been immediately noted. 
After a week's delay in returning the book, a demand for it 
has been sent to the borrower, and the case reported to the 
Trustees. In this manner losses have been prevented. 

Another topic to which I must allude in this connection is 
the injury of books. It will not be thought strange that so 
great a circulation should be attended with considerable wear 
and damage — that some volumes should be quite worn out 
or badly defaced, particularly those which go mostly into the 
liands of children. The number of books condemned during 
the year as no longer lit for use is only 134. But a much 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 31 

larger number arc soiled and dilapidated. I wish I conld 
add, that no instance had occurred of wanton defacement. 
Such cases are indeed few, but the vulgar practice of writing 
upon blank leaves and margins is yet, I regret to say, not en- 
tirely discontinued. 

It may, perhaps, be thought worthy of mention, as one item 
of the work which so large a circulation of books imposes, 
that upon an average more than fifty volumes a day are re- 
quired to be covered anew. This is equivalent to placing new 
covers upon all the books in the Lower Hall once a year. 

The Reading Room of periodicals has been open daily 
from 9 o'clock in the morning to 10 o'clock at night. Its 
tables are supplied with 140 of the best journals of the 
world. It has liad visitors at all hours of the day. More 
than 200 books for general reference, sucli as encyclopedias, 
dictionaries, gazetteers, &c., are placed in this room, where 
they can be consulted without applying to an attendant. The 
room is used, not only for reading the periodicals, but for the 
reading and study of books borrowed from the Library, and 
is much resorted to for that purpose. Not unfrequcntly half 
of its hundred chairs have been occupied at tlie same time. 
If this were the only benefit of the Institution, instead of one 
among many, the influence upon the intellectual and moral 
condition of the city would be worth all it has cost. 

A Library so public as this, is not only in accordance with 
the spirit of our free institutions, it is one of tlie noblest ex- 
emplifications of their tendencies, and among the brightest 
pledges of their perpetuity. It is a gospel of mental culture 
to the poor, and of that universal enlightenment, wliich is 
one of the conditions of existence for rational liberty. 
Within these halls, the poorest boy in Boston, if he have but 
the native gifts and the resolution, may make himself the peer 
of those most illustrious for learning and usefulness, and that 
too, with the use only of what belongs to him. No fear of 
intrusion need abridge the hours of study — no feeling that 
he is the recipient of patronage, oppress his manhood. This 
Library is the property of the people, and for the use of the 
people. 



32 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. GG. [Nov., 

The greatest benefactor of the Institution lias recorded, as 
many others have felt, an early need of such resources. It 
"was his desire to provide for like wants on the part of others. 
Through the whole progress of this enterprise, it deserves 
to be recorded, that this Institution for the whole people has 
met constant, active and substantial favor and support, not 
simply in gifts, but in zealous labors for its establishment, 
from that class of our fellow citizens, who being abundantly 
able to procure for themselves and their families all the books 
they need, lacked all mere selfish motives for founding a Li- 
brary like this. 

It was stated in the last report that after the completion of 
the Index to the Lower Hall, several months would be required 
for tlie organization of the books in the Upper Hall, and the 
prepar£ttion of the Index for the press. Every exertion has 
been made to meet the public desire for the speedy consum- 
mation of the work. I am happy to announce that the Index 
is now nearly ready for the press, and that it will be urged 
forward with all the haste consistent with its suitable execu- 
tion. A multitude of disconnected sentences in numerous 
languages, millions of figures, scores of thousands of names, 
offer impediments to printers, proof readers and supervisors, 
which only those who have been engaged in similar labors 
can fully understand. 

The organization of the whole Library may now be said to 
be complete. The books have been arranged upon the shelves, 
divided and subdivided according to subjects. The Catalogue 
of Accessions is brought up to the present day, giving the 
history and description of every article belonging to the 
establishment. The Shelf Catalogues are finished, showing 
to what article every part of every shelf belongs, affording 
facilities for keeping everything in i)lace, and for tracing 
or replacing whatever may at any time be missing. The Card 
Catalogue is made for every book, setting forth its whole title, 
and the contents of all collections, and furnished with abun- 
dant cross references from every subject. The Index, com- 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 33 

prising a brief title of every work, under its author's narae_, 
with those cross references wliich are esteemed of most prac- 
tical and immediate importance, will in a few days be put to 
press. It only remains, to print this work, and to place upo nthe 
backs of the books the numbers denoting their position, to make 
the whole Library completely ready for public use, with as per- 
fect an apparatus, (if its execution could be supposed equal to 
its plan,) as any library in the world possesses, or as could 
reasonably be desired. It is, from the nature of the work, 
impossible to fix a day certain for its conclusion. There are 
physical and intellectual impediments and uncertainties, which 
may protract it in a manner unexpected. I can only promise 
for myself, and I feel that I may safely do so for others em- 
ployed under my direction, every exertion consistent with its 
satisfactory execution, to hasten the desired result. I have 
before borne testimony to the zeal and fidelity of those who 
have aided me, and I beg leave to repeat it here. No effort 
or labor has been spared on their part to promote the progress 
of the work. 

In connection with this report, I present a statement 
of the expenditures during the year. I would here remark 
that, in the arrangement of the Library, great difficulty has 
been experienced from the want of shelf room. Aware, as I 
have been, that the necessary expenses of the Library during 
the time of organizing and cataloguing it, are heavy, I have 
made every effort to avoid calling for appi-opriations for addi- 
tional shelves, but it is incumbent upon me to say here, that 
at this moment the due preservation of the property of the 
Library, requires an expenditure of several thousand dollars 
for shelves and cabinets, for newspapers, books, and large and 
valuable collections of engravings. The obligation to provide 
for these works is the stronger from the fact that nearly all 
of them are donations, most of them by Mr. Bates. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. C. JEWETT, Superintendent. 

Public Library, lat November, 1859. 
5 



34 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 66. 



[Nov., 



[APPENDIX.] 

BENEFACTORS 

OF TIIK 

PUBLIC LIBRAEY, 

FOR THE YEAR 1858-59. 



Bates, Josliua, London, interest, 
Bigclow, Hon. John P., " . . . 

Phillips, Hon. Jonathan, "... 
Lawrence, Hon. Abbott, interest of bequest, - 

Josiah Quincj, 
David Sears, 
Charles F. Adams, 
Peter C. Brooks, 
Nathaniel I. Bowditch, 
Nathaniel Taylor, 



$3,000 00 

60 00 

600 00 

- 600 00 



Joseph Coolidge, 



Frederic Tudor, 
Thomas H. Perkins, for himself 
and other executors of his 
grandfather, 
Sara Greene, 
Josiah Bradlee, 
Amos A. Lawrence. 

The historical painting by 
John Singleton Copley, 
representing Charles the 
1st demanding the five im- 
peached members of the 
House of Commons. 



< 



1859.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



35 



Vols. 



2 papers, 

6 papers. 
5 papers. 



2 

16 

1 

2 

2 

2 



Adams, Charles Francis, Hon. 
Ainer. Antiquarian Society, Worcester, 
Amer. Assoc, for the Advancement of Science, 
American Insurance Conipanj, 
*Amer. Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 
American Tract Society, - . . . 
American Unitarian Association, 
Amory, Thomas C. - - - - - 
Anonymous, 
Appleton, William S. 
Auerbach, Max. 
Bache, A. D., Prof. - 
Baker, William E. 
Balfour, David M. - - . 
Barnard, C. F., Rev. 
Batchelder, S.- 
Bates, Joshua, of London, 
Bates, Joshua, of Boston, - 
Bates, S. Henshaw, 
Bates, Samuel W. - 
Baury, A. L., Rev. 
Bendelari, Auguste, 
Bigelow, Jacob, M. I). 
Bigelow, John P., Hon. - 
Blanchard, Charles Lowell, 
Boltwood, Lucius M., of Amherst, 
Bonney, Pelham, Jr. - 
Boston Board of Trade, 
Boston City Government, 
Boston Dispensary, 
Boston Gas Light Company, 
Boston Library Society, 
Boston Mercantile Library Association, 
Boston Soc. for Medical Observation, 119 papers, 6 
Boston Young Men's Christian Association, - 1 

Bowditch, Henry I., M. D. 



1 
1392 
1 
1 
4 
1 
3 
2 
3 
1 

4 
1 
9 

2 
1 



Pamph. 
1 

3 



22 



36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. C6. [Nov., 

Vols. Pampb. 

Bowditcli Library Proprietors, - - - 4 6 

Bradford, William R. 1 

Bradlee, Caleb D., Rev. - - - - 16 2 

Bradlee, Samuel, ------ 3 

Brcvoort, J. Carson, . . - - 1 

Briglit, Jonathan B. ----- 2 

Brinley, Francis, Hon. - - - - 1 

Brooklyn Mercantile Library Association, - 1 
Brooks, Edward, tlirougli his Honor the Mayor, 

3 engraviugs of Duplessis' portrait of Franklin. 

Burnham, T. 0. H. P. - - - - 5 

Canada East, Govt. E. Parent, Secretary, - 3 

Canada, Library of Parliament, - - - 1 

Canterbury, Second Family of Shakers, - - 1 

Chandler, Thomas H. . - . - 71 4 

Channing, Walter, M. D. - - - - 1 

Channing, W. F., M. D. ... 13 

Chicago Historical Society, . - - - 6 

Chicago AVater Board, .... 1 

Child, Isaac, 1 

Christern, F. W. . . - - 1 

Cincinnati Young Men's Mercantile Library Assoc. 2 

Clark, Fellows, & Co. - . . . 4 

Cleveland, City of 1 

Coale, William E., M. D. - - - - 1 

Coggcshall, W. T., of Columbus, 0. - - 2 

Colburu, Charles, 2 

Colcord, Samuel M. . .... 1 

Comer, George N. 2 

Coolidge, J. L T., Rev. 49 127 

Copeland, Elislia, 1 

Cotting, Julia A. 1 

Curtis, Josiah, M. D. 1 

Hall, William, 2 

Davies, George W. 1 



1859.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



37 



Vols. 

Dennet, Charles F., of London, - - - 1 
Dennet, William H. . . - - - 

Dennie, George, - 2 

Derby, George, M. D. . . - - 4 

Detroit, Young Men's Society, 

Devonshire, Duke of - - - - - 1 

Dorr, James A. ------ 1 

Duaue, William, .... - 2 

Eliot, Samuel A., Hon. 1 

Essex Institute, Salem, .... 

Everett, Edward, Hon. - . - 9 papers, 46 

Everett, William, 1 

Farnham, Luther, Rev. 1 

Fields, George A. 1 

Foley, William J. 10 

Fowler & Wells, - - - - 24 papers, 

Frothingham, William L. .... 

Gannett, E, S., Rev., D. D. - ... 18 
Gilman, Daniel C, New Haven, 

Gould, B. A., Jr. 1 

Gray, Geo. H. & Danforth, Messrs. - - 1 
Great Britain, Patent Commissioners, about 52T 

Great Britian, Lords of the Admiralty, - 1 

Green, Samuel A., M. D. - - - - 19 
Greenough, William W. - - 12 papers, 2 

Guild, Benjamin, Mrs. 42 

Hale, Edward E., Rev. .... 1 
Hall, Charles B., Secretary, .... 

Hall, Jonathan P. - - - - - 35 

Hall, W. W. 

Hansen, Christian, ..... 1 

Harding, Jesse, 1 

Harlhill, Alexander, N. Y. 

Harvard College Observatory, 

Hayes, A. A. ----- - 3 

Haynes, Henry W. 8 



Pamph. 



12 



3 

370 



142 

7 



10 
17 

2 



38 



CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 66. 



[Nov., 



Vols. 

2 

247 

1 

1 

13 



Head, Sir Edmund B., Governor of Canada, 
Heruisz, Stanislaus, M. D. - - - 

Hodges, Almon 1). 

Hodges, R. M., M. D. - 

Holland, F. W., Rev., of East Cambridge, - 

Homans, J. Smith, 

Homans, Sheppard, N. Y. - - - - 1 

Hough, Ruel, 2 

Howe, S. G. 

Institution of Civil Engineers, London, - - 2 
I. R. Istituto di Scienze del Regno Lombardo 

Veneto, 26 

Jackson, Francis, . . . . . 

Jewett, C. C. 3 

Jones, George S., M. D. - - - - 8 

K. K. Geologische Reichsanstalt, - - - 1 
Kerr, R. C, New Orleans, ... - 
Keyes, George Stuart, - - - - - 1 

Kimball, J. William, 1 

Kramer, John T. ----- - 

Lamson, Alvan, D. D., Dedham, - 

Lawrence, Abbott, -.-... 1 

Lawrence, T. Bigelow, . . . . 1 

Lawrence, W. R., M. D. 1 

Lee, Thomas J. ... 4 engravings. 

Lee & Wilder, Elwood, Kansas, - 14 papers. 

Leighton, Rufus, Jr. 2 

Leonard, Joseph, 3 

Lesley, J. P. 1 

Library Company, Philadelphia, 
Livcrmore, George, - . . - . 2 

Livingstone, Rebecca T. .... 2 
London Library Society, Trustees, - - 2 

Loring, James S., Brooklyn, N. Y. - - - 5 
Lowell City, 1 



Pamph. 



100 



63 
4 



23 
17 

1 
3 
1 



44 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 39 

Vols. Pampli. 

Lyman," George H., M. D. - - - - 3 

Mann, William T. 4 

Mason, George M. 168 

Massachusetts, ------ 8 

Massachusetts Anti-slavery Society, - - 26 

Massachusetts Historical Society, - - 1 

Massachusetts Soc. for promoting Agriculture, 1 
Maxcy, E. W., Jr., Rev. . . . . 1 

Mayhew & Baker, 5 

Meade, George G., Capt. - - - 13 charts. 
Merriam, Joseph W. . . . . - 1 
Minot, William, Hon. - - - - 21 

Mohammed Pasha, Constantinople, - - 2 

Moore, Charles W. 11 

Morgan, Albert, - ... 2 papers. 

Miiller, Herman, 2 

Nadar, M., Paris, - - - - 1 engraving. 
New Bedford Free Library, - - - 1 

New Castle upon Tyne, Literary and Philosophical 
Society, Trustees, - - - - 1 

New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane, - - 1 

New York Chamber of Commerce, - - 2 

New York Mercantile Library Association, - 2 

New York, Regents of the University, - - 3 4 

Odiorne, James C. 7 

Ohio Mechanics Institute, - - - - 2 

Ohio State Library, 1 

Oliver, F. E., M. D. 1 

Ormcrod, George, London, . - - - i 
Palfrey, J. Gorham, LL. D. - - - 1 

Parker, Joel, 1 

Parsons, Charles W., M. D., Providence, R. I. 1 

Parsons, Usher, M. D., Providence, R 1. - - 1 

Peabody Institute, Danvers, . - - X 

Perry, William S. 1 

Picard, William, - - - 18 papers. 111 



40 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 66. [Nov., 

Vols. ramph. 

Practical Machinist, - - - 1 paper. 

Preble, George Henrj-, Lieutenant U. S. N. - 6 

Prescott, William H. 1 

Providence Athenaeum; - . ... 1 

Pope, Leroy, Jr. . . . . . i 

Putnam, Edwin M. . . . . . 3 

Quincy, Josiah, Hon. .... 2 

Rand, Edward S. 4 

Randall, J. W. 1 3 

Raymond, C. B., Mrs. 67 2 

Reed, Sampson, ------ 3 

Richardson, James B. ----- 2 

Bobbins, Chandler, D. D. - - - - 3 

Robinson, Edward, . . - - - 1 

Ropes, Joseph S. 2 

Royal Academy, MUnchen, . . . . 1 

*Royal Astronomical Society, London, - 2 6 

■^Royal Geographical Society, " - - 1 5 

*Royal Society of Edinburgh^ - . . 1 

*Royal Society, London, . . . . 1 

Ryerson, Egerton, D. J)., Rev., Canada, - 5 

St. Louis Mercantile Library Association, • 1 

San Francisco Mercantile Library Association, 1 

Seidenthicker, J. G. 1 

Senoner, Auolphe, . . . . . 1 

Sever, L R., Miss, of Kingston, - - - 43 3 

Sevrence, R. 0., Mrs. . - . . 8 

Shaw, Benjamin S., M. D. - - - - 1 

Shurtleff, X. B., M. D. - - - - 1 

Siracuse, Conte de, 1 

Smith, Samuel, Worcester, - - - - 1 

Sotheby, S. Leigh, London, . . - - 1 

Sparks, Jared, LL.D. .... 7 

Stearns, H. - 4 

Stevens, Benjamin F. 2 



Vols. 

2 


Pam] 


10 




11 


1 








1 




1 




O 




1 




3 











1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 41 

Stoddard, Charles, . . . . 

Stodder, John S. . . . . . 

Sumner, Charles, Hon. - . - - 

Sumner, S. B. - 

Sumner, William H., Gen. 

Sweeney, Thomas, . . . . . 

Swett, Samuel, Col. .... 

Tappan, John L. ..... 

Tennessee State Library, 

Thacher, George W. 

Thayer, Alexander W. - - - - 

Thayer, Christopher T., Rev. ... 1 

Thayer, Robert H. 2 

Thwing, Thomas, 3 

Tucker, Elisha G., M. D. ... - 33 

Turngemeinde, G. H. Fliittich, President, 

36 papers. 

Tyler, John S., Mrs. 4 

U. S. Astronomical Observatory, - - - 1 
U. S. Commissioner of Patents, ... 1 

U. S. Department of State, .... 4 

U. S. Smithsonian Institution, ... 2 

Vasselli Family & F. S. Orlandni, - - - 1 
Vinton, Frederic, ..... 3 

Yolpic 11a, S. ....... 1 

Walling, H. F., N. York, ... 49 maps. 
Warren, J. Mason, M. D. - - - - 21 51 

Welsh, Charles W. 1 1 

Whitney, Prof., Yale College, ... 1 

Whitwell, Samuel, - - - - - IG 
Wight, Eben, Secretary, . . . . i 1 

Wight, D. P. - 1 

Wilkins, John H., Hon. - .... 1 

Willard, Joseph, 1 

G 



42 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. (i6. 



[Nov., 



"Williams, A. & Co. 


_ 


Vols. 
1 


ramph. 


TTillis, Nathaniel, 


103 papers 4 


2 


Wilson, Daniel, Prof., Toronto, 


- 


3 




Wilson, Henry, Hon. 
Wilson, John, 


- 1 map. 


75 
1 


3 


Winslow, C. F. - 


- 


1 




Winslow, Frederic S. 


. 


1 




Winthrop, Robert C, Hon. 
Worthington & Flanders, 


- 


6 

2 


105 


Wright, Elizur, ... - 
Wright, Henry C. 


- 


2 


4 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 43 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT, 

For One Year, from November I, 1858, to October 31, 1859' 

inclusive. 



Binding $990 81 

Books, including $2,450.00 remitted to London 5,504 80 
Expense, including repairs, water, tools, etc. - 546 46 

Fuel* 1,313 72 

Furniture and Fixtures 3,748 80 

Gas, 943 82 

Printing, 3,229 43 

Salaries 10,290 55 

Stationery 419 28 

Transportation, including insurance, postage, etc. 349 59 



$27,337 26 



* Two years. 



44 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 66. [Nov., 



Great Seal Patent Office, Southam'pton Buildings, 
Chancery Lane, London, Sept. ISth, 1855. 

Gentlemen : — 

I have the honor to iuforin you that the Commissioners of 
Patents, under the Act 15 and 16 Victorias, Ch. 83, have 
directed copies of Specifications of Patents, Indexes of Pat- 
ents, and all other works printed by them, to be presented 
to Joseph Story, Esq., for the Public Free Library of 
Boston, U. S., to be placed in sucli Public Free Library of the 
city as may now exist, or may be formed for tlic purpose — 
upon the following conditions : 

The Librarian to take charge of the works, wiio shall be 
held answerable for their safety and condition. 

The works to be deposited in a Public Free Library of the 
city, and to be open to the inspection of the public daily, and 
at all reasonable hours. 

No charge to be made, or fee of any kind taken on any 
pretence whatsoever, for the inspection, reading or taking notes 
from any of the works. 

No work to be lent to any person, or removed from the 
Library, except for binding or necessary repairs. 

The Commissioners recommend that the letter-press part of 
the Specifications be bound in volumes apart from the draw- 
ings, and the drawings be mounted on cloth and also bound 
in volumes. 



1859.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 45 

The works already printed will be delivered at the Patent 
Office to an agent accredited by you, any Monday, between 
the hours of 11 and 3 o'clock, and the works printed in con- 
tinuation will be delivered every succeeding Monday, between 
the same hours. 

I have the honor to remain, 

Gentlemen, your faithful 

And most obedient servant, 

(Signed) B. WOODCROFT. 

To the Trustees of the Public Library 
of the City of Boston. 




Mm 



MimmS'. 



_^_-*£:ji^ •a^T