EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT
TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
CITY OF BOSTON.
PRESENTED NOVEMBER 14, 1860.
GEO, C. RAND & AVERY, CITY TUTNTERS,
No. 3 CORMIIIl-I.
City Document. — No. 90.
©a^^ ®i* iB®©ir®sr<
EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT
TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY.
In Board of Aldermen, Nov. 19, 1860.
Laid on the table and one thousand copies ordered to be
S. F. McCLEARY, City Clerk.
CITY OF BOSTON
Public Library, 14 November, 1860.
His Honor Frederic W. Lincoln, Jr., Mayor of the City
of Boston :
Sir: I have the honor to transmit to jou, herewith, the
Eighth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Public Library,
prepared in obedience to the fourth section of the Ordinance
of the 14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment
and regulation of the Public Library.
Your obedient servant,
CHARLES C. JEWETT,
Secretary of the Board of Trustees.
THE EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT
TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY.
In obedience to the Fourth Section of the ordinance of the
14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment and
regulation of the Public Library, the Trustees ask leave to
submit to the City Council their eighth annual
The ordinance directs that a Committee shall be annually
appointed by the Trustees, consisting of five citizens at large,
with a member of the Board to act as chairman, who shall be
invited to examine the Library and make report of its condi-
tion. The members of this Committee for the present year
are Rev. Dr. Adams, Thomas Aspinwall, Esq., James A. Dix,
Esq., George A. Otis, Esq., and Hon. A. H. Rice ; Hon. G. P.
Sanger, on behalf of the Trustees, acting as chairman. The
Report of the Examining Committee is herewith annexed,
marked A, and the Trustees feel bound to acknowledge their
obligations to the gentlemen composing the Committee, for
the enlightened interest manifested by them in the welfare of
the Institution. Their Report will be found to contain a full
and satisfactory account of its condition and operations as
disclosed by the examination.
The annual Report of the Superintendent of the Library,
marked B, is also submitted, containing detailed information
6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
on every point of interest connected with the condition and
administration of the Library, during the past year. From
these two documents a full knowledge may be obtained of its
present state and of its operations since the last annual Report.
They aiford satisfactory assurance, in the judgment of the
Trustees, that the Library is eminently prosperous, and is
efficiently fulfilling the design of its establishment.
The number of the books borrowed from the Library has
averaged 508|^ per diem for 29T days. This average is
somewhat smaller than that of last year, a consequence — as
the Trustees suppose — of the course which they have pur-
sued in reducing the number of novels and romances which
have been purchased for the Library, and of the establishment
of one or more circulating libraries, at which the demand for
this kind of reading has been to a considerable extent sup-
plied. The Trustees do not regret this circumstance, for
while it would be wrong to proscribe works of fiction as a
class, — inasmuch as this would be to exclude some of the
most admirable compositions in the language, — it is not the
less true, that a multitude of novels appear and obtain a
temporary popularity, which cannot be regarded as wholesome
reading, and which, in an especial manner, it is not worth while
to put into the hands of the young at the public expense.
The Trustees regret to be obliged, as in former years, to
report the loss of a considerable number of volumes in the
course of the year. The greater part of these no doubt dis-
appear by accidents of various kinds, especially in the change
of lodgings and residences. More effectual means have been
resorted to, and with considerable success, to procure the
return of volumes unduly detained ; and the amount of fines
received is nearly sufficient, as heretofore, to replace the lost
volumes. The Trustees arc satisfied that the injury accruing
from the loss or damage of books is trifling, when weighed
with the benefits resulting from their free circulation.
The increase of the Library from ordinary sources has
1800.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 7
l)ccn satisfactory. The number of volumes reported as
belonging to the Library, by the Examining Committee of the
last year, was 78,043, and of tracts 19,255, many of this last
class being entitled to the name of volumes, both as respects
size and importance. In the course of the past year there
have been added by purchase and miscellaneous donations
G,989 volumes and 1,452 tracts. This is quite as large a num-
ber of books as can, with the ordinary force of the Library
applicable to the service, be entered in the catalogues and
prepared for their places on the shelves.
Of the volumes added to the Library from ordinary and
miscellaneous sources of increase, 3,744 volumes and 1,452
])amphlets are the gift of 207 individuals and public bodies
whose names are appended to the Superintendent's Report.
The Trustees regard this long list of benefactors with pecu-
liar satisfaction, as a proof of the widespread and sustained
interest in the Library, which pervades the community. The
donations, as heretofore, have some of them been costly and
of great scientific and literary value ; but when only a single
volume or a single pamphlet has been given, — besides its
intrinsic value, which may often be considerable, — it has
been gratefully accepted, as a mark of the donor's good
will toward the Institution.
But in addition to the increase of the Library from ordinary
sources, whether of income or miscellaneous donations, the
Trustees have the satisfaction to report three extraordinary
and highly important accessions to the pecuniary means and
literary treasures of the Library, during the past year. The
late Honorable Jonathan Phillips, in addition to the sum of
Ten Thousand Dollars liberally given by him, while living, the
income of which is to be forever appropriated to the purchase
of books, left by his will the further sum of Twenty Thousand
Dollars, for the establishment and maintenance of a public
library. This testamentary provision was made as early as
1849, and consequently before the first humble commence-
8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. |Nov.
ment of the Institution in Mason Street, and when the estab-
lishment of a public library existed only'in the contemplation
of the friends of such an institution. Mr. Phillips, therefore,
may be considered in purpose, if not in act, as the founder of
the Library, as he is, next to Mr. Bates, its most munificent
A very large addition to the Library has accrued from the
munificent donation of the late Rev. Theodore Parker, of this
city, who died at Florence in the course of the past year, and
bequeathed to the City of Boston, to be placed in the Public
Library, his very large and valuable collection of books.
This bequest has been gratefully accepted by the City Council,
by the adoption of the following report and resolutions :
" At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen of the City of
Boston, held at the City Hall, on Monday, the 10th day of
September, 1860, His Honor the Mayor in the Chair:
" The Committee on the Public Library, to whom was re-
ferred the letter of His Honor the Mayor, dated July 18,
1860, ' transmitting to the City Council a communication from
the Board of Trustees of the Public Library, enclosing a copy
of that portion of the will of the late Rev. Theodore Parker,
which refers to his valuable bequest of his own private library
to the Public Library of the City of Boston,' have attended
thereto, and report herewith the accompanying order and
"For the Committee,
"OTIS CLAPP, Chairman.
" Ordered, That the City of Boston accepts the munificent
bequest in the eighth iiem of the will of the late Rev. Theo-
dore Parker, for the purposes and to the uses, and upon the
terms and conditions, and according to the desires, therein
expressed ; and that a copy of this order and of the said
eighth item of said will be transmitted to the Trustees of the
Public Library for the information and government of them
and their successors in office for all time.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 9
"Resolved, That, in the opinion of the City Council, the be-
quest to the City of Boston by the late Reverend Theodore
Parker, of his private library, containing sixteen or seventeen
thousand volumes of books, selected by himself for his own
use, many of them rare and costly, and all of them valuable,
deserves an especial tribute of gratitude and respect to his
^'Resolved, That, in this bequest to the Public Library of
the City of Boston, by one whose varied, extensive, and pro-
found scholarship makes him an authority, the City Council find
weighty and convincing testimony to the utility of the Public
Library, and to the claim it has upon the City Government for
the continuance of its liberality and fostering care, and upon
the citizens for their generous support and contributions to
"Resolved, That the thanks of the City Council be given to
Mrs. Lydia D. Parker for the generous surrender of all her
right to the books under the will of her late husband, and in
this act of hers they recognize an intelligent and public spirit-
ed liberality, akin to that which prompted and perfected the
"Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions and of the ac-
companying order, be sent to the executors of the will of the
late Rev. Theodore Parker, and to Mrs. Lydia D. Parker, his
" Read twice and passed. Sent down for concurrence, Sep-
tember 20. Came up. Concurred.
"Approved by the Mayor, September 20, 1860.
'' A true copy of record. Attest :
" (Signed) S. F. McCLEARY, City Clerk:'
The item of Mr. Parker's will containing the bequest of his
library is appended to this Report, marked C.
This very liberal donation was made contingent on the con-
sent of Mrs. Parker, who was authorized by the will to retain
for herself the whole or any portion of the books.
10 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 90. [Nov.
This privilege has been wholly waived by Mrs. Parker, and
she is consequently entitled to a full share in the acknowl-
edgments due for this muniliccnt bequest, — by far the largest
donation of books, with the exception of that of Mr. Bates,
which has been made to the Institution. The collection not
having as yet been placed in the Library, the Trustees are
not able to speak of it from personal inspection. It has been
variously estimated at from fifteen to eighteen thousand vol-
umes, most of them well bound, many of them tastefully and
appropriately, and is understood to cover the most important
branches of theology, intellectual philosophy, Scandinavian
antiquities, the civil law, the classics, the oriental languages,
history, and miscellaneous literature. Mrs. Parker having
expressed a desire that the library should remain in her pres-
ent residence till her removal from it in the spring, the
Trustees have felt no hesitation in complying with her wishes
in this respect; and deeming it probable, notwithstanding her
generous waiver above alluded to, that she may wish to retain
possession of some few favorite volumes, they recommend
that the City Council adopt a resolution granting her full
liberty to do so. It is proper to add to this suggestion, that
no intimation to this effect has been made by Mrs. Parker.
A very valuable donation of books, amounting to above
two thousand four hundred volumes, and consisting of stand-
ard works of reference, has been made by Mr. Ticknor, a
member of the Board of Trustees, and on condition that they
should be retained in the Library, for consultation in the
building. The same condition attaches to the library of the
late Hon. Nathaniel Bowditch, generously given to the Insti-
tution by his family. These donations form a very impor-
tant foundation for a library of reference, — destined, the
Trustees hope, to grow up with the lapse of time. A com-
munication from Mr. Ticknor accompanying his donation, and
expressing his views on the importance of such a department
of the Institution, to consist of works too valuable or vo-
luminous to circulate, is attached to this Report, marked D,
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 11
together with a report of a Committee of this Board on the
The Trustees record their grateful acknowledgments of the
continued liberality of the British Government in the dona-
tion of the portions successively published of the Specifications
of Patents, and also of the Trustees of the British Museum,
in a present of all the works published at their expense.
They would also make grateful mention of a donation by
Messrs. Oliver Ditson & Co. of a complete set of their musical
The work upon the catalogue of the books in the large
hall has been assiduously and actively pursued, with all the
force at the command of the Superintendent. No one who
has not had occasion to examine the subject particularly, can
form an adequate idea of the labor and care required for the
preparation of a catalogue of this description. The Report
of the Superintendent affords precise information of the prog-
ress and present state of the work, and to that the Trustees
The two upper ranges of alcoves have been furnished with
shelves the present year ; and the increase of the Library is
so rapid that in all probability the available space in the great
Hall will be filled up in six or eight years.
The Trustees in conclusion feel warranted in congratulat-
ing the City Government on the condition and prospects of
the Library. But eight years have elapsed since its estab-
lishment, and it already numbers, including the donation of
Mr. Parker, above one hundred thousand volumes. In some
departments of science and literature it is, with the excep-
tion of the Astor Library, at New York, the best furnished
collection in the country. It already ranks with the public
institutions which reflect credit on our city. As such it
attracts the notice of strangers, and to such an extent that
a proper attendance on visitors forms a considerable demand
on the time of those employed in the Library.
12 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
The Trustees commend the Institution to a continuance of
the liberal patronage of the City Government, and the en-
lightened countenance and interest of the people.
Respectfully submitted by
JOHN P. BIGELOW,
NATH. B. SHURTLEFF,
W. W. GREENOUGH,
SAMUEL D. CRANE,
GEO. P. SANGER.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 13
REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE.
The undersigned, a Committee appointed " to examine the
Library and make report of its condition to the Trustees, "
under the seventh section of the ordinance of Oct. 14, 1852,
in relation to the Public Library, have attended to that duty,
and submit the following
The Committee have made the examination of the Library
contemplated by the ordinance, and in their report they pro-
pose to follow the form of the reports of previous years, and
state the results of their observation under the heads of 1st,
The Books; — 2d, The Catalogues; — 3d, The Building; —
4th, The administration of the Library ; for the obvious rea-
son that such a division embraces all the points of examina-
tion, and at the same time an opportunity is thereby offered
for the comparison of the present condition of the institution
with its condition in former years.
I. The Books. There have been added to the Library
since the last examination G,98i) volumes, 1,452 pamphlets, 1(3
maps and charts, two drawings, and one engraving. Of this
number, 3,245 volumes and five maps were purchased chiefly
from the income of the trust funds of the Library, given for
the purchase of books. The remaining volumes, maps, and
charts, and all the pamphlets, the drawings, and engravings,
were presented to the Library. A list of the donors, with
their donations, will be found accompanying the report of the
Superintendent. Among these gifts, all of which show a
praiseworthy liberality and, public spirit on the part of the
14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
donors, yonr Committee think should be especially noticed
the gift by the British Museum of all its publications, num-
berin i '6 volumes; the gift by Messrs. Oliver Ditson & Co.
of a copy of all their musical publications, included in 202
volumes; and the donation by Mr. George Ticknor of 2,418
volumes, 500 of which are for general circulation, and the
residue are mostly books of reference, many of them rare and
all valuable, including lexicons and glossaries, editions of the
ancient classics, and a set of the modern Italian classics.
In this account of the accessions to the Library during the
year by donation, the Committee have not included the mu-
nificent bequest, by the will of the late Rev. Theodore Parker,
of substantially the whole of his large and valuable private
library, numbering, as is stated by the executors of the
will, between 16,000 and 17,000 volumes. The bequest was
made subject to the consent of the widow of Mr. Parker, and
she has most generously acquiesced in the gift to the Library.
The books have not yet been received in the Library Build-
ing, but the bequest has been accepted by the City upon the
conditions stated in the will, and the books will be taken to
the Library, at the mutual convenience of Mrs. Parker and the
Trustees of the Library. It is understood that these books
are in a very excellent condition; most of them being sub-
stantially, and many of them handsomely bound. It is also
said that they will supply a deficiency in the Library, in sev-
eral departments, especially in that of German literature.
It is in the light of such drifts as these to the Public Libra-
ry, that your Committee are rejoiced to perceive the strong
hold this noble institution has upon the affection and
confidence of the people of the city; and such exhibitions of
practical interest in its welfare and successful growth deserve,
as your Committee think, the best thanks of the citizens of
The Specifications of English Patents, referred to and de-
scribed in former reports concerning the Public Library, and
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 15
for the binding of whicli liberal appropriations have been
made by the City Council, are now in complete order. They
consist of 809 volumes; — of which 462 are large folios of
plates and drawings, and the rest arc mostly in imperial octa-
vo, and include " all the speciji cations inf.ll, with all the engrav-
ings from all the original drawings and plans, made to illustrate
every patent granted, by the British Government, from 1617 down
to the present day. " This collection is of immense value to
an intelligent and practical community like onrs, and one so
full of inventive genius ; and your Committee learn that the
volumes are consulted almost daily by mechanics, inventors,
Including the bequest of the Rev. Mr. Parker, and estimat-
ing it at 15,000 volumes, there are now in the Library, a little
over 100,000 volumes, and upwards of 20,000 pamphlets, —
the growth and accumulations of hardly eight years; and
your Committee express their hope and belief, from the well-
known liberality and public spirit of the citizens of Boston,
and the noble generosity of the City, that in the years to
come, the Library will continue rapidly to increase in the
number and value of its books.
These volumes, except those of Mr. Parker's library, are
now on the shelves in the building; and are so arranged in
the alcoves, and so admirably classified by subjects and sub-
division of subjects, as to be readily accessible to those wish-
ing to consult them.
The examination of books in the Lower Hall, about 17,000
in number, and the only ones now in general circulation, shows
that most of them are in good condition, although many bear
marks of hard service. The number of books reported at
this time as missing or thrown aside as useless (i. c. worn
out and not worth rebinding) during the year is 378. The
value of the books lost or missing has been thus far about
repaid by the fines collected for keeping books beyond the
regulation time. These funds are, however, paid into the
16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
city treasury, and do not constitute any portion of the funds
of the Library.
In addition to the books of the Upper and Lower Halls, are
the periodicals in the Reading-room, which at the proper
times are bound, and then numbered among the accessions to
the Library. The periodicals, except the pictorials, are, as a
general thing, left in a good condition for binding. This
JReading-room is largely frequented, and many females avail
themselves of its advantages. The annual cost of the peri-
odicals is about $1,000, and is defrayed entirely out of the
annual appropriations by the city.
Your Committee learn that the relative average circulation
of the Library, although now much larger than for the first
four years of the existence of the Library, has diminished
somewhat as compared with the preceding year. In 1858-59?
during the 254 days that the Library was open for the deliv-
ery of books, 149,468 volumes were circulated, or an average
of 588.4 volumes a day. In 1859-60, during the 297 days
that it was so open, 151,020 volumes were delivered, or an
average of 508.5 a day ; making an average decrease of 80
volumes a day. Notwithstanding the decrease, the circula-
tion, confined to the 17,000 volumes in the Lower Hall, has been
equal to the taking out of every book in the Hall nearly nine
times during the past year. The highest number given out
in one day, in 1859, was 1,335, March 5; in 1860, 1,052,
Feb. 4. The largest weekly average of circulation in 1859
was 909 volumes daily, for the week ending Feb. 26;
in 1860, 782.8 volumes daily, for the week ending Feb. 25.
The above statistics as to the circulation relate exclusively to
the operations of the Library, since it was opened December
20, 1858, in the new building in Boylston Street. While the
Library was in Mason Street, the highest average daily circu-
lation was 383 volumes.
This subject appears to your Committee one of great im-
portance, for, if unexplained, the inference might be that the
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 17
Library is losing the confidence and favor of the citizens.
Your Committee are glad to learn that it has occupied the
attention of the Trustees, who are making investigations to
ascertain the facts and their causes. We cannot attribute it
to any lack of confidence or interest in the Library, for the
Library was never more deserving of both ; and during the
year, 4,809 new names have been registered of those desir-
ing to use, and using the Library, making the number of
names registered from the beginning, 18,138. We would
rather mainly ascribe the decrease to the fact that the Public
Library necessarily cannot supply the demand for the current
works of fiction, and books of immediate and short-lived
interest ; and to the correlative fact that the circulating libra-
ries recently established, are able to supply and do supply it,
by the purchase of sufficient copies, sometimes to the extent
of from fifty to one hundred copies of each work, which, when
the demand slackens, as it does ordinarily, in a few weeks,
are sold. Thus those who have heretofore sought these
books at the Public Library, and been unable to obtain them,
either at all, or only after delays, go to the circulating libra-
ries, where they are certain of procuring them at once. It is
manifestly not within the province of the Public Library to
supply the demand for such books; nor could it be done, even
if it were desirable, with the funds at its disposal. It is stated
'•' that in some of the large circulating libraries of London, five
hundred, one thousand, and in some cases, twenty-five hundred
copies of novels or very popular books are purchased and are
found necessary for the supply of readers," and " one of these
libraries purchases 225,000 volumes a year," more than double
the whole number of volumes now in this Library. From the
statements made to your Committee, there seem to be sufficient
grounds for the belief that the whole number of volumes
taken from the Library during the present year represents a
larger proportion of works of sterling and permanent value
than ever before.
18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
It should be stated in this connection, that during the com-
ing year, the 65,000 volumes in the Upper Hall, which, here-
tofore, during the preparation and printing of the index to
the Card Catalogue of that Hall, have been used only within
the building, will be ready for general circulation, with the
exception of those which are, either alone or in sets, too rare
and valuable to risk out of the building, and of those which
were given upon condition that they should be kept for use
within the building. When this occurs, an increase in the
circulation may reasonably be expected.
11. The Catalogues. The different catalogues have been
so minutely mentioned in former Reports that they need no
further general description here. The work of printing the
index to the Card Catalogue of the volumes in the Upper Hall
has been prosecuted during the year with as much vigor as
practicable, having due regard to fulness and accuracy.
There have been some delays occasioned by sickness and the
interruptions caused by the necessary changes in those en-
gaged upon the work.
It is now in type as far as, and including, the letter P ; and
600 pages are stereotyped. Your Committee think that the
whole, making near 850 pages, will be stereotyped within
three months from this date. When it is borne in mind that
this index will contain not only the title of every work, under
the name of its author, with a designation of the place and
date of publication, and of the size of the book, with a simi-
lar entry again under the word denoting its subject, and yet
again under any prominent word in its title, under which it
would be likely to be sought for, all arranged in an alphabeti-
cal series, but also a full statement of the contents of all col-
lected works of authors, and of all collections of single
works of various authors with a common title, some more
definite idea will be had of its great value and of the time and
labor necessarily expended upon its preparation and in carry-
ing it through the press.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 19
The Committee would refer to a single illustration of the
value of this index, which the}' observed in the examination
of the pages already printed. The Librarypossesses the col-
lection as complete as it can be made of the documents pub-
lished by the Parliament of Great Britain, commonly called
the Sessional papers or blue books, in upwards of 2,000 folio
volumes. They contain the transactions of the British Par-
liament through its Committees and Commissions and in its
State Papers. Heretofore, they have been difficult of access
for want of a sufficiently condensed index. Whoever would
consult them must make search, and perchance a long and
weary and sometimes an unsuccessful one, to find a document
or report upon a given subject. In the preparation of this
index, an alphabetical catalogue of the various subjects is
given, with proper references, so that this labor has been
here done for all men and for all time. It makes, in the
most condensed and compact form, in pearl type, fourteen
pages, double columns, of the index, and it cost nearly
two months' labor of the whole force employed on the
catalogue for its preparation. Thus there exists this singu-
lar fact, that the City of Boston has in the catalogue of its
Public Library the most complete (and perhaps the only
complete) condensed index in existence, to the Parliamentary
Papers of Great Britain.
From the examination they have made of this index, your
Committee think that when completed it will be found to be
an excellent one, and most creditable to the city and to those
engaged in its preparation and execution. By its means the
treasures in the Upper Hall will be readily accessible to the
And your Committee would state generally, and they men-
tion it as a fact deserving of great praise to those connected
with the management of the Library, that all the books in the
Library are catalogued up to the date of the very latest acces-
20 CITY DOCUME.YT. — No. 90. [Nov.
sioDS ; that there are no arrearages, as is too often the case
in similar institutions.
III. The BuilJino;- The deficiencies in the shelvincr, cabi-
nets, and outside door of the building, noticed in the report of
the last Examining Committee, have been supplied from the
generous appropriation made by the City Council for that
purpose, and all the alcoves in all the galleries are now fur-
nislied witli shelves.
The shelving was done in a very satisfactory manner, under
contract by Mr. John F. Dunning. Your Committee regret to
learn that the actual cost of the contractor for the materials
furnished, and labor performed under the contract, without
including anything for the time and services of Mr. Dunning,
exceed by $880.18 the contract price, and that Mr. Dunning
suffers an actual loss of that amount, in addition to the loss
of his time and personal services. It would be a great pleas-
ure to your Committee, if, consistently with the rules that gov-
ern the City Council in such cases, Mr. Dunning's loss could
be made up to him.
Up to this year, your Committee learn, that the estimates
for appropriations for the repairs of the building have been
included in the estimates of the Trustees; but that this year,
according to the opinion of the City Solicitor, the Committee
on Public Buildings of the City Council have had charge of the
matter, in making the estimates and expending the appropria-
tions. Under the liberal supervision of that Committee, the
paint in the lower rooms that had suffered from the dampness
of the walls has been renovated, and an apparatus that was
much needed for hoisting boxes of books has been erected in
the tower. The grounds around the building have been
greatly improved and adorned with shrubs and flowers,
under the judicious care of the Committee on Commons and
! Squares. Your Committee made a thorough examination of
the building, and found it in good order and condition.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 21
They would recommend a slight addition to the present
arrangements of the building, to wit : an increase of the
height of the railing in the alcoves, and the placing of a
suitable railing or guard around the area, in front of the
building. These improvements will cost but little, and will
add to the safety of those who may have occasion to visit the
IV. The Administration of the Library. A Sub-Committee
of the Trustees has this matter especially in charge. The
immediate management and oversight of the Library are
intrusted to the Superintendent, Librarian, and such assist-
ants, male and female, as are from time to time found neces-
The number of persons employed in the service of the
Library, during the past year, has varied from 17 to 20.
The number is now, exclusive of the janitor and his wife and
the fireman, 17. Of these the Librarian, assistant Librarian,
and seven female assistants, are employed in the Lower Hall, in
the general duties of the Library, and the others have been
and are engaged upon the preparation of the index to the
catalogue, and carrying it through the press.
This force, or the greater part of it, must necessarily be
continued, after the completion of the printing of the index
to the catalogue, in the ordinary labors required in an insti-
tution like this, and in cataloguing and arranging the large
accessions of new books to the Library during the year by
purchase, by bequest, and by gift. And if the Library con-
tinues to increase as it has done, there will probably be re-
quired, for the necessary purposes of the Library, a force as
large as is now employed.
The method of managing the Library appears to work well,
and to be all that is desired for the arrangement and pres-
ervation of the books, for their distribution, and for the sat-
isfactory accommodation of the public.
In conclusion, tho Committee desire to express the great
22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
satisfaction they have had by their examination in observing
the present condition of the Library ; the method of its man-
agement ; its wonderful growth ; its reasonable prospects of
increase ; the munificence of its benefactors and patrons, and
the noble liberality of the City. The worth of this institu-
tion to the people of Boston, and the value fitly ascribed to
it in a wise system of free public education, cannot well be
overestimated. Your Committee believe that the people of
Boston appreciate its benefits, and recognize the priceless
services of those who nourished the Library in its small be-
ginnings and have directed its maturer growth.
GEO. P. SANGER, ^
JAMES A. DIX,
G. A. OTIS,
ALEX'R H. RICE,
Boston, Nov. 10, 1860.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 23
To THE Trustees of the Public Library of the City op
Gentlemen : In obedience to the requirement of the third
article of the second chapter of the By-laws relative to the
Trustees and Officers of the Public Library, I beg leave to
present to you the following
upon the affairs of the Library, for the year ending the first
of November, 1860.
During the year, 6,989 books, 1,452 pamphlets, and 19 maps,
drawings, and engravings, have been added to the Library.
Of these, 3,245 books and five maps have been purchased,
and 3,744 books, 1,452 pamphlets, and 14 maps, engravings,
etc., have been presented. A full list of the donors is ap-
pended to this Report, marked E.
If we add the accessions of this year to the aggregates of
the last Report, we find the Library to contain at this time,
85,032 books, and 20,707 pamphlets, of which, about 17,000
books are in the Lower Hall, and in constant use.
In the above enumeration, the Library bequeathed to the
City by the Rev. Theodore Parker, constituting the largest
and most important donation of books, next to Mr. Bates's,
which has yet been made to the Public Library, is not in-
cluded. As this collection, though presented to the City, and
accepted, has not yet been removed to the Public Library, it
24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 90. [Nov.
will be necessary to defer till another report, an}^ statements in
detail with res^ard to its character, condition, and value. I
will only observe that it is considered by those who have had
opportunity to examine it, as one of the best formed and best
kept private collections in the country, and that it is supposed
by Mr. Parker's executors to contain between 16,000 and
The number of volumes now belonging to the Public Li-
brary may therefore be assumed to exceed one hundred
The largest donation of books (always excepting that of
Mr. Bates) thus far received from a single individual, and in-
corporated with the treasures of the Institution, is that made
the present year by George Ticknor, Esq., a member of the
Board of Trustees. It comprises 2,418 volumes, nearly all in
neat and substantial binding, and in remarkable condition, as
to the perfectness and beauty of copies, and the completeness
of sets. Four or five hundred of the books being specially
adapted to general circulation, were designated for that pur-
pose by Mr. Ticknor, but the remainder, about two thousand
volumes, being in their nature books of reference, he gave
on condition that they should always be retained in the
Library, so as to be at all times freely accessible to all per-
sons resorting there,- expressing, however, at the same time,
his unabated conviction of the paramount importance of the
circulating portion of the Institution.
Mr. Ticknor's donation comprises a large number of volu-
minous and costly lexicons and comprehensive works, which it
has become very difficult to procure, such as Schilter's Thesau-
rus antiquhatum Teulonicarum, Scherz's Glossarium Germanicum,
Hire's Glossarium Saio-GoUdcum, the Glossaria of Du Cange,
the Dlbllotheccs of Fabricius, Wieland's Teiitsche Merkur,
complete, and the Histoire liltSraire de la France, commenced
in IToo by tlie Benedictines of St. Maur, and now continued
to its twenty-third volume by members of the French In-
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 25
The donation includes also many valuable and rare editions
of the Greek and Latin classics, and a complete set, uniform-
ly and handsomely bound, of the Classici luiliani, in 250 vol-
umes, 8°. Some works of special bibliographical interest are
comprised in the collection, as an edition of Theuerdank, by
Waldis, in 1563, and a copy of Hesychius, with copious man-
uscript annotations by its learned editor, Alberti, intended for
a new edition of the work, and kept for that purpose nearly
half a century, by the celebrated publishing house of the
Luchtmans in Leyden. It is a singular circumstance, perhaps
worthy of notice, that a new edition of this celebrated work has
recently been published in Germany, without the knowledge
on the part of its editor, that these important materials for it
had been brought to the United States by a young American
more than forty-five years ago.
Besides this large donation, Mr. Ticknor has, during the
ye^v, given to the Library, from ten to fifty copies each, of the
Life of Amos Lawrence, by his son ; of Bulfinch's Life of
Matthew Edwards, the boy inventor ; of Miss Nightingale's
book on Nursing and the means of keeping disease out of
our own houses ; and of Mr. Everett's Life of Washington.
Mr. Ticknor, in making these gifts, expressed his desire to try
the experiment of multiplying the chances for reading books
which are not only interesting but useful, adding, in relation
to these four, that he " should be sorry if either should be
asked for when all the copies were out, except as a proof of
the demand for such books. The value of our Institution, the
real good it will do, depends, I think, more upon the circula-
tion of books of this class, than upon our collection of light
literature, though I put a high value upon the last as a means
for cultivating among the young a love for reading."
It seems desirable to call particular attention to this ex-
periment, so accordant witli the popular character of this
Library, and so very important in its bearing upon the health
of the community, and upon the moral and business character
26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
of young persons just entering into active life. The result of
such an experiment is not to be decided hastily. The books
Mr. Ticknor has selected to begin it, are of unchanging worth,
each for a particular class of readers, and the object is not
only to meet the full demand for these particular books, but
to raise the demand for all books of equal popular value and
importance to the highest point at which it can be steadily
The Trustees of the British Museum have presented to the
Public Library a complete set of the various publications
issued under their direction, including catalogues and de-
scriptions of the collections of Antiquities, Natural History,
Printed Books, and Manuscripts, in that vast repository. The
donation is one of great value and interest. The liberality
and courtesy of the gift have not failed to meet with grateful
The Commissioners of Patents of Great Britain have con-
tinued to send the new numbers, as issued, of the magnificent
work, to which allusion has frequently been made in former
Messrs. Oliver Ditson & Co. have presented a complete
collection of their numerous musical publications, in 202
volumes. This donation is peculiarly acceptable, as supple-
mentary to the musical library presented, last year, by Mr.
Miss Mary Otis has given a nearly complete file of the
Christian Register in 30 volumes folio. Mr. William Gray,
Col. Newell A. Thompson, Hon. Henry Wilson, J. D. W.
Williams, Esq., and Mrs. Susan Parkman, have each presented
valuable collections of books.
The circulation, during the last year, has been limited to
the books in the Lower Hall. Those in the Upper Hall
have been constantly used for reference and for reading
within the building. In the course of a few months, they will,
it is hoped, be ready to be lent out under such regulations as
the Trustees may adopt.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 27
The Library has, in the last year, been open 297 days, and
during this period 151,020 applications for books to be taken
out of the Library have been answered, making a daily
average of 508^. Last year, the Library was open 254 days ;
the aggregate of applications answered was 149,468, and the
daily average 588 4.10. The largest number of books issued
in any one day was, this year, 1,052, on the 4th of February;
last year, 1,335, on the 5tli of March.
During the year, 4,809 persons have registered their names
to secure the privileges of the Library, making the whole
number thus registered 18,138.
It will be seen that the circulation, though still large, be-
yond all the earlier anticipations of the friends of the Library,
has somewhat decreased this year, though not nearly so much
as it had increased the previous year ; for if in the last twelve
months it has fallen off, on an average, eighty volumes a day,
it had during the preceding ten months suddenly sprung up to
an average of two hundred and live volumes a day above the
average of any previous similar period.
For the recent falling off several reasons may be sug-
gested : —
First, the novelty of the enterprise and the interest excited
by the opening of the new building have passed by, and
the Institution has assumed what may be regarded as its
regular action. Too much weight should not, however, be
allowed to this reason, in view of the large registration of
new names during the year.
Another cause for the decrease of circulation is, I think, a
change in the character of the books sought. On this point
I cannot speak with certainty, as it is very difficult to ascer-
tain accurately the proportion of books in various classes
issued to borrowers. I believe, however, it may fairly be
stated, that when the Library was first opened, works of fic-
tion were asked for more frequently than they are at present.
It soon became manifest to the public, that the supply of such
28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 90. [Nov.
books was here inevitably behind the demaud. Some persons
probably ceased altogether to use the Library, because the
novels they asked for were often out, although the number of
books in the department of prose liction is very large, exceed-
ing 3,500 volumes. Others, notwithstanding similar disap-
pointments, have continued to frequent the Library, seeking
for a better class of books, which cannot be read so rapidly,
and therefore are not changed so often.
A third cause suggested to account for the diminished circu-
lation, and one which is perhaps quite sufficient of itself, is the
increase of other sources for the supply of popular reading. It
is beyond question that during the last year, the business of the
circulating libraries in the city has greatly increased. One
of these establishments lent, in September, 1860, 4,200
volumes, and in October, 1860, 4,500. In September, 1859,
the circulation of the same library was only 1,600, and in Octo-
ber of the same year only 2,050. These private circulating
libraries have increased in number, in efficiency, and in the
extent of their business, to a remarkable degree. Their cir-
culation is chiefly of works of fiction, and works of immediate,
but short-lived interest. It does not so much enter into the
plan of their owners to furnish works of improving and use-
ful reading, as to supply books of current popularity. It is
their usage also, to sell at reduced prices all books which
have remained even for a few weeks upon their shelves with-
out being asked for.
Should the Public Library attempt to meet the whole
demand for such ephemeral books, the circulation could doubt-
less be increased almost without limit, but the Library would
then be deprived of the means for fulfilling its higher and
better purpose of furnishing works useful and instructive; it
would be thrust into a business competition with booksellers
who can accomplish the desired object more eflectually, and
with profit to themselves ; and it would, moreover, be exposed
to the danger of sanctioning the circulation of works of
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 29
The single statement, that one of these private circulating
libraries in London purchases 225,000 volumes a year (more
than twice the number of volumes in this library) for the use
of its readers, shows at once how impossible it would be to
furnish that kind of reading for a large community, except
through mercantile arrangements. Nor does it seem desir-
able for a public library to devote itself in a large degree to
the amusement of one class of the community, rather than to
the substantial benefit of all classes.
As the system of private circulating libraries becomes
better organized and developed, it will probably be found
that their office and that of the Public Library are quite dis-
tinct, and are complementary the one of the other. It will
perhaps be recognized as the duty of the Public Library to
furnish principally useful works whose merits are known and
acknowledged, not, indeed, rejecting or overlooking any class,
but buying new books with caution, and often buying those
that cannot easily be procured in the common circulating
libraries and in the book shops, but which are of great
importance to many — very many — of our citizens who can-
not afford for themselves and families the luxury of large
libraries at home.
Since the Library was closed on the 22d of October, a
careful examination has been made of the books in the Lower
Hall. The whole number missing from their places at this
time, in addition to those previously lost, is 262, some of
which will, no doubt, be returned. Of the 130 reported last
year as missing, 42 have been returned. Tlie number con-
demned during the year as worn out and no longer fit for use
is 116. The whole number newly covered is upwards of
15,000. A single glance at the books that have been worn
out, after being repeatedly bound afresh, and at those which
have been covered again and again, would show, at once,
liow much, and, in general how carefully, the Library has
30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
These statements arc worthy, I think, of particular notice.
It is matter for congratulation that a circulation so large, so
free, and so entirely without pecuniary guarantee for the
safety of the books, can be continued from year to year with
so small a percentage of loss and injury. It is creditable to
the honor of our citizens and to their grateful appreciation
of the benefits of this Institution, which is after all the
property of the people and dependent upon their good-will
for its support and its usefulness. Not an instance of rude-
ness among those who have visited the Library has been re-
ported to me during the year. No attempt at fraud, so far
as known, has been made. No book, it is believed, has been
taken for its pecuniary value. I regret, however, to be
obliged again to refer to the marking and mutilation of books,
an ungenerous and vulgar practice, which has not indeed in-
creased during the last year, but which has not perceptibly
I took occasion in my last Report to speak of the labor
which the routine of such an establishment imposes upon
persons whose names are seldom joined with the mention of
its success. I need not repeat here the remarks I then
made, but would only say that they still apply with un-
The Reading-room, which is supplied with 148 journals,
selected with great care from the periodical literature of sev-
eral nations, exclusive of newspapers published in this country,
has continued to be a place of favorite resort. No diminution
in the number of its frequenters has been observed.
The Library was closed on the 22d of October, and owing
to the necessary repairs now in progress under the direction
of the Committee on Public Buildings of the City Council, it
probably cannot be opened earlier than the 19th of November.
In the Upper Hall the year has worn away in the midst of
incessant labors upon tlie Index to tlie Catalogue. As the
work advances, the difficulties dimiuish, and the rate of
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 31
progress is accelerated. The printers are now employed
upon the letter P. The index for the Upper Hall will occupy
more than 800 pages, of the same size and type as that of
the Lower Hall, and will, it is hoped, be finished within
three or four months.
The work of recording and cataloguing the numerous
accessions to the Library has never been allowed to fall in
arrears. The full importance of this can be felt by those only
who have had to deal with accumulated arrears in large
and growing libraries.
In my last Report I called attention to the urgent need of
additional shelves for the accommodation of the books. The
committee for the annual examination of the Library became
deeply impressed with this necessity and of the impossibility
of its being met with the resources at the command of the
Trustees. In their Report they set forth the wants of the
Library in this respect, and also in regard to the binding of
the magnificent work presented by the English Commissioners
of Patents. The Trustees in their annual report brought
these matters to the attention of the City Council, who, with
their accustomed liberality towards the Library, made for
these purposes a special appropriation of $7,000. With
this sum, and with such sums as the Trustees were able to
add, the wishes and purposes of the City Government have
been fulfilled, and it is specially worthy of notice, that, since
the Specifications of Patents, — already filling more than 800
volumes, and fast increasing, — have been bound and thus
rendered more accessible, the frequent use that has been made
of them by our inventors, machinists, manufacturers, etc.,
shows that their importance to this community has by no
means been overestimated.
In conclusion, I may say, that the system upon which the
Public Library has been organized proves by experience to
be in general eminently practical and successful, as well as
capable of expansion to meet rapid growth. I would also
32 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
express the hope that all the details of the work of organ-
ization, including the catalogues, which alone can make any-
public library really accessible and useful, will be found to
have been faithfully executed, so that it will not hereafter be
necessary to go over them again, for the purpose of re-
modelling or correcting what has already been done.
I append to this Report the usual statement [marked F] of
the expenditures of the Library, for the year now ended.
C. C. JEWETT, Superintendent.
November 1, 1860.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 33
Eighth Item op the Will op the late Rev. Theodore
" To the proper authorities of the City of Boston aforesaid,
I give all my books which are not otherwise disposed of in
the preceding or following articles of my will, that they may
be put in the Public Library of this City for the use and
benefit of such as have access thereto, and be read on such
terms as the Directors of said Library shall think just; and I
desire that so far as consistent with public utility, the said
books be kept in alcoves or on shelves by themselves ; and I
desire that the said books shall in no case be sold, or given
away, or exchanged for other books. But in case the authori-
ties aforesaid decline to accept the books on these terms, then
on the same conditions they are to be given to the Library of
Harvard College in Cambridge."
However, this eighth article of my will is to be wholly in-
operative and void, unless it receive the consent of my wife,
if living at my decease, as will more fully appear from the
following article :
'' Ninth. To my well-beloved wife, Lydia D. Parker, afore-
said, I give all my manuscripts, journals, sermons, lectures,
and letters, and also any and all books she may wish to
retain from my library, even if she desires the whole, the
same to be at her free and absolute disposal ; and she is to
have six months to determine what she will keep and return."
A true copy. Attest :
[Signed] SAM'L F. McCLEARY, Cittj Clerk.
34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
MR. TICKNOR'S LETTER, AND REPORT OF THE
COMMITTEE ON BOOKS.
Boston, April 16, 1860.
To the Trustees of the Public Library —
Gentlemen : It will be remembered by some of you, that,
more than two years ago, I expressed a wish to make a con-
tribution of books to the Public Library, and especially of
books that may be useful as works of reference. I have, how-
ever, thus far been prevented from doiug it by the circum-
stance that the persons employed in its service have been so
urgently occupied in arranging and cataloguing the treasures,
that have been poured in upon it by the munificence of Mr.
Bates and its other patrons, as to be unable to attend con-
veniently to my smaller offering. But by the judgment and
industry of the Superiutendent and his assistants, the books
are now all in their places, and the catalogues not only com-
pleted, but the index of the larger one well on its way through
the press. Without further waiting, therefore, I send you
ray contribution, wishing only that it were ampler and better.
A part of the books that I have the honor to offer you are
such, I think, as will be useful for the widest and most popu-
lar circulation. In this portion of the Library I have always
felt and still feel the greatest interest. From the earliest
suggestion of such an institution, it has been my prevalent
desire that it should be made useful to the greatest possible
number of our fellow-citizens, especially to such of them as
may be less able than they would gladly be to procure pleasant
and profitable reading for themselves and for their families.
This is known to all the Trustees with whom I have succes-
sively served, and our President remembers, that I never would
have put my hand to the Institution at all, except with this
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 35
understanding as to its main object and management. Nor has
there been any real difference on this point among the different
persons who have controlled its affairs during the eight years
of its existence. The consequence is, that there has been spent
for books of the most popular character, not merely an amount
equal to all that, in successive years, has been saved from the
grants of the City Government for the support of the Library,
but other large sums derived from different sources, such as
the income of funds given by Mr. Bates and other generous
friends of the Institution. In this vi^ay there has been col-
lected in our Lower Hall, a library, which, considering the
short time employed in gathering it, is, I think, both large
and well fitted to its purposes, and one which is rapidly in-
creasing, and growing more useful. The rest of our collec-
tion — the part of it, I mean, in our Upper Hall — has come
to us almost entirely by gift, and chiefly from the rich dona-
tions of Mr. Bates, who, over and above the books purchased
with the income of his fund of fifty thousand dollars, has
sent us more than five and twenty thousand other volumes
of great value.
The result is known. There has been an immense circula-
tion, — one much larger than the most sanguine had anti-
cipated. It was great from the beginning, and it has increased
every year. In the ten months after December, 1858, when the
Library was first opened in the new building, it rose to more
than an hundred and forty-nine thousand volumes ; and when
the contents of the Upper Hall shall have been long enough
accessible to the public to have their value felt, the number of
books lent will, no doubt, be increased still further. Such a
free circulation from a public library is, I suppose, without a
parallel in any city not larger than Boston, and seems to be
an appropriate reward for the munificence of its patrons and
for the fostering care of the municipal government.
But, notwithstanding the precedence, which in my judg-
ment should be given to this portion of the Library, there is
36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
another part of it, which, it can hardly be doubted, deserves
great attention, — I mean its books which do not circulate, but
which are kept in the building, always at hand for reference
and use. Such a collection of books has been already begun,
not, indeed, from the funds of the Institution or of the city, but
by liberal and important donations. In 1855, at the instance
of Joseph Story, Esq., who was then in London, and a Trustee
of the Library, the British Government gave us all the
volumes of its magnificent and costly publication of Patent
Specifications which had then been issued, and has continued
to send us the succeeding volumes, as they have come from the
press, until they now amount to six or seven hundred, with
an assurance that the rest will follow, as they may appear.
Two years ago the sons of the late Dr. Bowditch, emulating
their venerated father's generosity and public spirit, gave us
his precious scientific and miscellaneous library, and his
manuscripts, amounting in all to more than twenty-five hun-
dred volumes ; and other persons have given us other books
in smaller numbers, — all, like those given by the sons of Dr.
Bowditch and the British Government, under the single con-
dition that they shall be permanently kept in the proper
rooms of the Library, there to be open, in the freest manner,
for reference and use. Such collections, I need not say, are
everywhere of the greatest importance to the progress of
knowledge, but are of more value to persons who have not
in their own homes convenient arrangements for study, than
to any others. We have, however, hardly any such collec-
tions in New England, and not one freely open for the use of
all, like the Public Library.
I, therefore, fulfil now the intention I expressed to
you so long ago, and send to the Superintendent a list
of the books which, I hope, you will permit me to con-
tribute to this part of the Institution. A few of them are
already on our shelves, but it seems to be well that of these
books, as of many others, a single copy should always be
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 37
reserved in the Library, so that no person who may come
there to consult and use it may be disappointed. Others of
the books, I have the pleasure to offer you, may be infre-
quently asked for, but, when they are wanted, they will be
found, I think, important, since copies of many of them cannot
elsewhere among us be obtained, except after a troublesome
search, if at all. I have wanted them much myself, and,
because there was no public library in whicli I could obtain
them, I have bought them, — often very reluctantly. I shall be
happy if I am permitted to relieve others from this neces-
I remain, gentlemen, very truly.
Your very obedient servant,
The Committee on Books, to whom was referred a letter of
"the 16th of April, from George Ticknor, Esq., one of the
Trustees, have had the same under consideration, and submit
the following Report : —
The abovementioned letter of Mr. Ticknor accompanies a
donation to the Library of about two thousand volumes,
mostly standard works in the ancient and modern languages,
and in the various departments of literature. So large a num-
ber of volumes, originally procured for his own use and form-
ing a part of his private collection, must be regarded as one
of the most valuable donations which have been made to the
Library. Mr. Ticknor's active and intelligent co-operation
in carrying on the Institution, from its foundation to the pres-
ent day, and the great amount of time and labor which he
has devoted to its service, had already entitled him to the
gratitude of the community. The present donation places
him among the most liberal benefactors of the Library.
38 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
The Committee concur in the views presented by Mr.
Ticknor, in the letter referred to them, as to the twofold ob-
jects of a Public Library, and the means by which they may
both be attained. It has been the object of the successive
Boards of Trustees to make the important Institution, con-
fided to their care, as extensively useful as possible to the
largest number of their fellow-citizens. They have endeav-
ored as their first duty, and as far as the means at their com-
mand would permit, to furnish a supply of useful and attrac-
tive books to those whose main dependence is on a Public
Library ; and with this object in view, they have endeavored
to give the greatest practical extension to the circulating
department. The Committee fully concur with ^Mr. Ticknor
in his statement of the course pursued in this respect; and it
is no more than justice to add, that he has, from the founda-
tion of the Institution, distinguished himself for the efficient
interest that he has taken in this branch of its operations.
The Committee, however, are aware that the Trustees have
at all times felt, that an Institution like the Public Library
should also be a depository for what are called works of
reference, and such as are wanted only for consultation. As
the books of this class are generally speaking expensive, often
voluminous, sometimes rare, it is only in Public Libraries
that we can expect to find them. Few persons, whose shelves
are otherwise well supplied, find it convenient to be the
owners of many works of this class. Such publications as
the magnificent collection of the Specifications of Patents, for
a copy of which we are indebted to the liberality of the
British Government, can hardly ever find their way into
private hands. For this reason, though the Trustees have
expended no part of the funds granted them by the City,
in procuring costly works of this class, they have seen with
great satisfaction the growth of a Library of Reference
steadily going on, in the manner described by Mr. Ticknor.
A considerable portion of his own donation will form a very
important addition to this department.
I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 39
With the solid foundations already laid by former liberal
benefactors, with the present important offering of Mr.
Ticknor, and further contributions, which may be depended
on from other public-spirited individuals, the Committee
are persuaded that the Public Library will in due time not
only be in a condition to furnish an ample supply of works
for general circulation, but that its shelves will be well pro-
vided with those more costly and voluminous publications
which are needed for occasional reference and for research
in the solid branches of science.
The Committee report the following resolution : —
Resolved, That the special thanks of the Board be returned
to Mr. Ticknor for the donation of a large and valuable col-
lection of books, and that such as he may designate for the
purpose be retained for use within the walls of the Library.
Respectfully submitted by
W. W. GREENOUGH,
GEO. P. SANGER.
Public Library, 15th May, 1860.
CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90.
Adams, Charles F., Hon. . . - .
American Antiquarian Society, Worcester
American Anti-slavery Society
American Association for the Advancement
of Science ......
American Philosophical Society
American Tract Society ....
American Unitarian Association
Ames, Elli.s, Canton ... 1 map.
Anonymous .... 1 paper. 1
Ansorge, Charles, Dorchester -
Apple'ton, Nathan, Hon. ....
Atkinson, W. P.
Avery, Charles ..-.--
Balfour, David M.
Barnard, Charles P., Rev. - - 12 papers.
Bartlett, John, Cambridge
Bigelow, Jacob, M. D.
Binney, Horace, Hon., Philadelphia -
Boltwood, Lucius M., Hon., Amherst
Boston, City of - - - - - 1
Boston Board of Trade ....
Boston Gas Light Co. .... 6
Boston Young Men's Christian Association
Botfield, Beriah, M. P., England - - 1
Bowditch, Henry L, M. D. 2 drawings. 2
Bowditch Library Proprietors
Boyd, Mrs. S. E.
Bradford, Thomas G. -
Bradlee, Caleb Davis, Rev.
Brinley, Francis, Hon. - - - -
Brigham, William . . - . .
British Meteorological Society
British Museum .....
Brooklyn Mercantile Library Association
Burnham, T. 0. H. P. -
Caetani, Don Michel Angelo, Duke de Ser-
moneta, Rome .....
Channing, Walter, M. D.
Chicago Historical Society
Cincinnati Young Men's Mercantile Library
Clark, Frances, Miss, Uxbridge -
Clark, Henry, Poultney, Vt.
Clark, John & Co. -
Colcord, Samuel M. - - - -
Cooper Union Trustees, New York -
Copeland, Elisha ....
Crane, Samuel D. - - - - -
Curtis, Charles P. . . . .
Curtis, Josiah, M. D.
Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H.
Davids, Thaddeus & Co., New York -
Davis, E. M., Philadelphia
Dennet, William H.
Detroit Young Men's Society
Devonshire, His Grace the Duke of, England
Dillaway, Charles K. - - - -
Ditson, Oliver & Co. ....
CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90.
Dudley, Dean 1
Dntton, E. P 1 map. 1
Eliot, C. W., & Storer, F. H. -
Eliot, S. A., Hon. 3
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Everett, Edward, Hon. - - 33 papers. 35
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Fliigel, Felix, Dr., Leipzig ... - 1
Foley, William J. 1
Fowler & Wells, New York - 29 papers.
Francis, Nathaniel 8
Frothingham, Wm. L. ....
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Gilman, Daniel Colt, New Haven - - 1
Grand Lodge of Rhode Island - - - 1
Gray, William 265
Great Britain Commissioners of Patents - 11
Great Britain, Lords of the Admiralty, - - 1
Great Britain .-.-.- 1
Green, Samuel A., M. D. - - 1 map. 14
Greenough, William W. - - 30 papers. 1
Hall, Charles B.
Hall, W. W., M. D., New York . - - 9
Harthill, Alex., New York - 39 papers.
Heard, J. M., Clinton
Higginson, T. W., Rev., Worcester - - 1
Higginson, Waldo ..... 1
Historical Society of Maine - - - 1
Holmes, Oliver W., M. D. ... 2
Hodges, Richard M., M. D. ■ - - - 38
Homans, J. Smith, New York - . - 2
Hoyt, David W. 1
Institution of Civil Engineers, London - 2
Jarvis, Edward, M. D., Dorchester - - 3G
Jewett, Charles C, 1
K. k. geologische Rcichsanstalt, Vienna - 4 2
Kimball, J. W. 1
Kirk, E.N., Rev., D. D. . - . - l
Lawrence, T. Bigelow ----- 1
Lee & Wilder, Elwood, Kansas 4 papers.
Leighton, Rufus, Jr. ----- 1
Liharzik, Franz, Dr. - - . - 1
London, Corporation of - - - - 2
Loring, James S., Brooklyn, N. Y. - - 5 G3
Lunt, George, Hon. ----- I
Mason & Brothers, New York - 1 paper.
Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Assoc. - 1
Massachusetts Historical Society - - 3
Massachusetts Lunatic Hospital, Northampton - 1
Merrill, Elizabeth L. - - - - 1
Middlesex Mechanic Assoc, Lowell - - 2
Minot, William, Hon. 3
Moflfat, Joseph L., Roxbury - 1 engraving.
Morgan, Albert - - - - 31 papers.
Moore, Charles W. 12
New Bedford Free Library
Newburyport Public Library - - - -
New England Historic Genealogical Society
New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane
New York Mercantile Library Association - 1
New York, Regents of the University -
Nicolson, Samuel -.-..-
Nott, Samuel ......
Ohio State Library .... ]
Oliver, F. E., M. D. 16
Otis, Mary 30
Paine, Martyn, M. D. 1
44 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov.
Palfrey, Jno. G,, Hon., Cambridge - - 1
Parker, Henry T., Loudon - ... 1
Parker, John, Mrs. ..... 16 8
Parkman, Susan, Mrs. 48
Parsons, Usher, M. D., Providence - - 1
Peabody Institute, Danvers - . - - 1
Perkins Institution and Mass. Asylum for the
Pertz, G. H., Dr., Berlin .... l
Pettes, Mary E., Miss - - 55 papers.
Philadelphia Mercantile Library Association 1
Poole, Henry Ward 1
Powis, Earl of, England .... 1
Providence Athenaeum .... l
Putnam, E. M. 3
Regally, Mrs. 1
Rice, Alex. H., Hon. .... 7
Richardson, James B. - - - - - 2
Ritchie, Edward S. 1
Ritchie, John ...... 1
Royal Astronomical Society, London - - 4 9
Royal Geographical Society, London - 3 3
Royal Society, London 2
Russell & Tolman - - - 17 papers.
San Francisco Mercantile Library Assoc. - 1
Sargent, John T., Rev. 1
Schebek, Edmund, Dr., Vienna ... 2
Sears, P. H. 1
Seidensticker, J. 2
Shurtleir, Nathaniel B., M. D. - - - 3
Shaw, Benjamin S., M. D. - - - 1
Smith, J. V. C, M. D. 1
Smith, Samuel, Worcester . . . 2
Smithsonian Institution, Washington - - 3
Snow, E. M., Providence . . . - 1
Sprague, Charles J.
Sprague, Peleg, Hon.
St. John, Robert 0.
Stevens, Henry, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Stevens, Hiram F., St. Albans, Vt
Stodder, John S. - - -
Stone, E. M., Rev., Providence
Storer, Frank H. - -
Storer, H. R., M. D.
Sumner, Charles, Hon.
Sumner, William H., Gen'l, Jamaica Plains -
Swasey, Charles W. - - - -
Thayer, Alexander W. ....
Tliayer, Frederick W. -
Thompson, Newell A., Hon.
Troy Young Men's Association
Turner, A. D., Mrs. ....
Tyler, John S., Mrs.
United States State Department, Washington
Universalist Church, Salem
Urbino, S. ------ -
Valentine, D. T., New York -
Wadia, R. H., of Bombay ....
Warren, Josiah .....
Warren, Charles H., Hon. - - - .
Wells, E. M. P., Rev., D. D. -
Welsh, Charles W., Washington
Whitmore, William H.
Whitwell, B., Mrs.
Whitwell, E. IL, Miss
Wightman, Joseph M.
166 papers. 1
2 maps. 2418
9 charts. 1
11 papers, 2
46 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 1860.
Wilkias, John H., Hon. .... 4
Williams, J. D. W., Roxljuiy . . - Gl 7
Willis, Hamilton 11
Willis, Nathaniel - - 73 papers, 1 map. 5
Wilson, Daniel, LL. D., Toronto, Canada - 2
Wilson, Henry, Hon., Natick - - - G2
Worlliington & Flanders . . . - 3
Wright, Elizur 3
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