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EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



PRESENTED NOVEMBER 14, 1860. 




BOSTON: 
GEO, C. RAND & AVERY, CITY TUTNTERS, 



No. 3 CORMIIIl-I. 



1860, 



City Document. — No. 90. 



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EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

I860. 



In Board of Aldermen, Nov. 19, 1860. 

Laid on the table and one thousand copies ordered to be 

printed. 

Attest : 

S. F. McCLEARY, City Clerk. 



CITY OF BOSTON 



Public Library, 14 November, 1860. 
His Honor Frederic W. Lincoln, Jr., Mayor of the City 
of Boston : 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit to jou, herewith, the 
Eighth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Public Library, 
prepared in obedience to the fourth section of the Ordinance 
of the 14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment 
and regulation of the Public Library. 
Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

CHARLES C. JEWETT, 
Secretary of the Board of Trustees. 



THE EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



In obedience to the Fourth Section of the ordinance of the 
14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment and 
regulation of the Public Library, the Trustees ask leave to 
submit to the City Council their eighth annual 

REPORT. 

The ordinance directs that a Committee shall be annually 
appointed by the Trustees, consisting of five citizens at large, 
with a member of the Board to act as chairman, who shall be 
invited to examine the Library and make report of its condi- 
tion. The members of this Committee for the present year 
are Rev. Dr. Adams, Thomas Aspinwall, Esq., James A. Dix, 
Esq., George A. Otis, Esq., and Hon. A. H. Rice ; Hon. G. P. 
Sanger, on behalf of the Trustees, acting as chairman. The 
Report of the Examining Committee is herewith annexed, 
marked A, and the Trustees feel bound to acknowledge their 
obligations to the gentlemen composing the Committee, for 
the enlightened interest manifested by them in the welfare of 
the Institution. Their Report will be found to contain a full 
and satisfactory account of its condition and operations as 
disclosed by the examination. 

The annual Report of the Superintendent of the Library, 
marked B, is also submitted, containing detailed information 



6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

on every point of interest connected with the condition and 
administration of the Library, during the past year. From 
these two documents a full knowledge may be obtained of its 
present state and of its operations since the last annual Report. 
They aiford satisfactory assurance, in the judgment of the 
Trustees, that the Library is eminently prosperous, and is 
efficiently fulfilling the design of its establishment. 

The number of the books borrowed from the Library has 
averaged 508|^ per diem for 29T days. This average is 
somewhat smaller than that of last year, a consequence — as 
the Trustees suppose — of the course which they have pur- 
sued in reducing the number of novels and romances which 
have been purchased for the Library, and of the establishment 
of one or more circulating libraries, at which the demand for 
this kind of reading has been to a considerable extent sup- 
plied. The Trustees do not regret this circumstance, for 
while it would be wrong to proscribe works of fiction as a 
class, — inasmuch as this would be to exclude some of the 
most admirable compositions in the language, — it is not the 
less true, that a multitude of novels appear and obtain a 
temporary popularity, which cannot be regarded as wholesome 
reading, and which, in an especial manner, it is not worth while 
to put into the hands of the young at the public expense. 

The Trustees regret to be obliged, as in former years, to 
report the loss of a considerable number of volumes in the 
course of the year. The greater part of these no doubt dis- 
appear by accidents of various kinds, especially in the change 
of lodgings and residences. More effectual means have been 
resorted to, and with considerable success, to procure the 
return of volumes unduly detained ; and the amount of fines 
received is nearly sufficient, as heretofore, to replace the lost 
volumes. The Trustees arc satisfied that the injury accruing 
from the loss or damage of books is trifling, when weighed 
with the benefits resulting from their free circulation. 

The increase of the Library from ordinary sources has 



1800.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 7 

l)ccn satisfactory. The number of volumes reported as 
belonging to the Library, by the Examining Committee of the 
last year, was 78,043, and of tracts 19,255, many of this last 
class being entitled to the name of volumes, both as respects 
size and importance. In the course of the past year there 
have been added by purchase and miscellaneous donations 
G,989 volumes and 1,452 tracts. This is quite as large a num- 
ber of books as can, with the ordinary force of the Library 
applicable to the service, be entered in the catalogues and 
prepared for their places on the shelves. 

Of the volumes added to the Library from ordinary and 
miscellaneous sources of increase, 3,744 volumes and 1,452 
])amphlets are the gift of 207 individuals and public bodies 
whose names are appended to the Superintendent's Report. 
The Trustees regard this long list of benefactors with pecu- 
liar satisfaction, as a proof of the widespread and sustained 
interest in the Library, which pervades the community. The 
donations, as heretofore, have some of them been costly and 
of great scientific and literary value ; but when only a single 
volume or a single pamphlet has been given, — besides its 
intrinsic value, which may often be considerable, — it has 
been gratefully accepted, as a mark of the donor's good 
will toward the Institution. 

But in addition to the increase of the Library from ordinary 
sources, whether of income or miscellaneous donations, the 
Trustees have the satisfaction to report three extraordinary 
and highly important accessions to the pecuniary means and 
literary treasures of the Library, during the past year. The 
late Honorable Jonathan Phillips, in addition to the sum of 
Ten Thousand Dollars liberally given by him, while living, the 
income of which is to be forever appropriated to the purchase 
of books, left by his will the further sum of Twenty Thousand 
Dollars, for the establishment and maintenance of a public 
library. This testamentary provision was made as early as 
1849, and consequently before the first humble commence- 



8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. |Nov. 

ment of the Institution in Mason Street, and when the estab- 
lishment of a public library existed only'in the contemplation 
of the friends of such an institution. Mr. Phillips, therefore, 
may be considered in purpose, if not in act, as the founder of 
the Library, as he is, next to Mr. Bates, its most munificent 
pecuniary benefactor. 

A very large addition to the Library has accrued from the 
munificent donation of the late Rev. Theodore Parker, of this 
city, who died at Florence in the course of the past year, and 
bequeathed to the City of Boston, to be placed in the Public 
Library, his very large and valuable collection of books. 
This bequest has been gratefully accepted by the City Council, 
by the adoption of the following report and resolutions : 

" At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen of the City of 
Boston, held at the City Hall, on Monday, the 10th day of 
September, 1860, His Honor the Mayor in the Chair: 

" The Committee on the Public Library, to whom was re- 
ferred the letter of His Honor the Mayor, dated July 18, 
1860, ' transmitting to the City Council a communication from 
the Board of Trustees of the Public Library, enclosing a copy 
of that portion of the will of the late Rev. Theodore Parker, 
which refers to his valuable bequest of his own private library 
to the Public Library of the City of Boston,' have attended 
thereto, and report herewith the accompanying order and 
resolutions. 

"For the Committee, 

"OTIS CLAPP, Chairman. 

" Ordered, That the City of Boston accepts the munificent 
bequest in the eighth iiem of the will of the late Rev. Theo- 
dore Parker, for the purposes and to the uses, and upon the 
terms and conditions, and according to the desires, therein 
expressed ; and that a copy of this order and of the said 
eighth item of said will be transmitted to the Trustees of the 
Public Library for the information and government of them 
and their successors in office for all time. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 9 

"Resolved, That, in the opinion of the City Council, the be- 
quest to the City of Boston by the late Reverend Theodore 
Parker, of his private library, containing sixteen or seventeen 
thousand volumes of books, selected by himself for his own 
use, many of them rare and costly, and all of them valuable, 
deserves an especial tribute of gratitude and respect to his 
memory. 

^'Resolved, That, in this bequest to the Public Library of 
the City of Boston, by one whose varied, extensive, and pro- 
found scholarship makes him an authority, the City Council find 
weighty and convincing testimony to the utility of the Public 
Library, and to the claim it has upon the City Government for 
the continuance of its liberality and fostering care, and upon 
the citizens for their generous support and contributions to 
its increase. 

"Resolved, That the thanks of the City Council be given to 
Mrs. Lydia D. Parker for the generous surrender of all her 
right to the books under the will of her late husband, and in 
this act of hers they recognize an intelligent and public spirit- 
ed liberality, akin to that which prompted and perfected the 
munificent bequest. 

"Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions and of the ac- 
companying order, be sent to the executors of the will of the 
late Rev. Theodore Parker, and to Mrs. Lydia D. Parker, his 
widow. 

" Read twice and passed. Sent down for concurrence, Sep- 
tember 20. Came up. Concurred. 

"Approved by the Mayor, September 20, 1860. 
'' A true copy of record. Attest : 

" (Signed) S. F. McCLEARY, City Clerk:' 

The item of Mr. Parker's will containing the bequest of his 
library is appended to this Report, marked C. 

This very liberal donation was made contingent on the con- 
sent of Mrs. Parker, who was authorized by the will to retain 
for herself the whole or any portion of the books. 
2 



10 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 90. [Nov. 

This privilege has been wholly waived by Mrs. Parker, and 
she is consequently entitled to a full share in the acknowl- 
edgments due for this muniliccnt bequest, — by far the largest 
donation of books, with the exception of that of Mr. Bates, 
which has been made to the Institution. The collection not 
having as yet been placed in the Library, the Trustees are 
not able to speak of it from personal inspection. It has been 
variously estimated at from fifteen to eighteen thousand vol- 
umes, most of them well bound, many of them tastefully and 
appropriately, and is understood to cover the most important 
branches of theology, intellectual philosophy, Scandinavian 
antiquities, the civil law, the classics, the oriental languages, 
history, and miscellaneous literature. Mrs. Parker having 
expressed a desire that the library should remain in her pres- 
ent residence till her removal from it in the spring, the 
Trustees have felt no hesitation in complying with her wishes 
in this respect; and deeming it probable, notwithstanding her 
generous waiver above alluded to, that she may wish to retain 
possession of some few favorite volumes, they recommend 
that the City Council adopt a resolution granting her full 
liberty to do so. It is proper to add to this suggestion, that 
no intimation to this effect has been made by Mrs. Parker. 

A very valuable donation of books, amounting to above 
two thousand four hundred volumes, and consisting of stand- 
ard works of reference, has been made by Mr. Ticknor, a 
member of the Board of Trustees, and on condition that they 
should be retained in the Library, for consultation in the 
building. The same condition attaches to the library of the 
late Hon. Nathaniel Bowditch, generously given to the Insti- 
tution by his family. These donations form a very impor- 
tant foundation for a library of reference, — destined, the 
Trustees hope, to grow up with the lapse of time. A com- 
munication from Mr. Ticknor accompanying his donation, and 
expressing his views on the importance of such a department 
of the Institution, to consist of works too valuable or vo- 
luminous to circulate, is attached to this Report, marked D, 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 11 

together with a report of a Committee of this Board on the 
same subject. 

The Trustees record their grateful acknowledgments of the 
continued liberality of the British Government in the dona- 
tion of the portions successively published of the Specifications 
of Patents, and also of the Trustees of the British Museum, 
in a present of all the works published at their expense. 
They would also make grateful mention of a donation by 
Messrs. Oliver Ditson & Co. of a complete set of their musical 
publications. 

The work upon the catalogue of the books in the large 
hall has been assiduously and actively pursued, with all the 
force at the command of the Superintendent. No one who 
has not had occasion to examine the subject particularly, can 
form an adequate idea of the labor and care required for the 
preparation of a catalogue of this description. The Report 
of the Superintendent affords precise information of the prog- 
ress and present state of the work, and to that the Trustees 
respectfully refer. 

The two upper ranges of alcoves have been furnished with 
shelves the present year ; and the increase of the Library is 
so rapid that in all probability the available space in the great 
Hall will be filled up in six or eight years. 

The Trustees in conclusion feel warranted in congratulat- 
ing the City Government on the condition and prospects of 
the Library. But eight years have elapsed since its estab- 
lishment, and it already numbers, including the donation of 
Mr. Parker, above one hundred thousand volumes. In some 
departments of science and literature it is, with the excep- 
tion of the Astor Library, at New York, the best furnished 
collection in the country. It already ranks with the public 
institutions which reflect credit on our city. As such it 
attracts the notice of strangers, and to such an extent that 
a proper attendance on visitors forms a considerable demand 
on the time of those employed in the Library. 



12 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

The Trustees commend the Institution to a continuance of 
the liberal patronage of the City Government, and the en- 
lightened countenance and interest of the people. 
Respectfully submitted by 

EDWARD EVERETT, 
JOHN P. BIGELOW, 
NATH. B. SHURTLEFF, 
W. W. GREENOUGH, 
SAMUEL D. CRANE, 
GEO. P. SANGER. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 13 



[A] 

REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

The undersigned, a Committee appointed " to examine the 
Library and make report of its condition to the Trustees, " 
under the seventh section of the ordinance of Oct. 14, 1852, 
in relation to the Public Library, have attended to that duty, 
and submit the following 

REPORT. 

The Committee have made the examination of the Library 
contemplated by the ordinance, and in their report they pro- 
pose to follow the form of the reports of previous years, and 
state the results of their observation under the heads of 1st, 
The Books; — 2d, The Catalogues; — 3d, The Building; — 
4th, The administration of the Library ; for the obvious rea- 
son that such a division embraces all the points of examina- 
tion, and at the same time an opportunity is thereby offered 
for the comparison of the present condition of the institution 
with its condition in former years. 

I. The Books. There have been added to the Library 
since the last examination G,98i) volumes, 1,452 pamphlets, 1(3 
maps and charts, two drawings, and one engraving. Of this 
number, 3,245 volumes and five maps were purchased chiefly 
from the income of the trust funds of the Library, given for 
the purchase of books. The remaining volumes, maps, and 
charts, and all the pamphlets, the drawings, and engravings, 
were presented to the Library. A list of the donors, with 
their donations, will be found accompanying the report of the 
Superintendent. Among these gifts, all of which show a 
praiseworthy liberality and, public spirit on the part of the 



14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

donors, yonr Committee think should be especially noticed 
the gift by the British Museum of all its publications, num- 
berin i '6 volumes; the gift by Messrs. Oliver Ditson & Co. 
of a copy of all their musical publications, included in 202 
volumes; and the donation by Mr. George Ticknor of 2,418 
volumes, 500 of which are for general circulation, and the 
residue are mostly books of reference, many of them rare and 
all valuable, including lexicons and glossaries, editions of the 
ancient classics, and a set of the modern Italian classics. 

In this account of the accessions to the Library during the 
year by donation, the Committee have not included the mu- 
nificent bequest, by the will of the late Rev. Theodore Parker, 
of substantially the whole of his large and valuable private 
library, numbering, as is stated by the executors of the 
will, between 16,000 and 17,000 volumes. The bequest was 
made subject to the consent of the widow of Mr. Parker, and 
she has most generously acquiesced in the gift to the Library. 
The books have not yet been received in the Library Build- 
ing, but the bequest has been accepted by the City upon the 
conditions stated in the will, and the books will be taken to 
the Library, at the mutual convenience of Mrs. Parker and the 
Trustees of the Library. It is understood that these books 
are in a very excellent condition; most of them being sub- 
stantially, and many of them handsomely bound. It is also 
said that they will supply a deficiency in the Library, in sev- 
eral departments, especially in that of German literature. 

It is in the light of such drifts as these to the Public Libra- 
ry, that your Committee are rejoiced to perceive the strong 
hold this noble institution has upon the affection and 
confidence of the people of the city; and such exhibitions of 
practical interest in its welfare and successful growth deserve, 
as your Committee think, the best thanks of the citizens of 
Boston. 

The Specifications of English Patents, referred to and de- 
scribed in former reports concerning the Public Library, and 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 15 

for the binding of whicli liberal appropriations have been 
made by the City Council, are now in complete order. They 
consist of 809 volumes; — of which 462 are large folios of 
plates and drawings, and the rest arc mostly in imperial octa- 
vo, and include " all the speciji cations inf.ll, with all the engrav- 
ings from all the original drawings and plans, made to illustrate 
every patent granted, by the British Government, from 1617 down 
to the present day. " This collection is of immense value to 
an intelligent and practical community like onrs, and one so 
full of inventive genius ; and your Committee learn that the 
volumes are consulted almost daily by mechanics, inventors, 
and others. 

Including the bequest of the Rev. Mr. Parker, and estimat- 
ing it at 15,000 volumes, there are now in the Library, a little 
over 100,000 volumes, and upwards of 20,000 pamphlets, — 
the growth and accumulations of hardly eight years; and 
your Committee express their hope and belief, from the well- 
known liberality and public spirit of the citizens of Boston, 
and the noble generosity of the City, that in the years to 
come, the Library will continue rapidly to increase in the 
number and value of its books. 

These volumes, except those of Mr. Parker's library, are 
now on the shelves in the building; and are so arranged in 
the alcoves, and so admirably classified by subjects and sub- 
division of subjects, as to be readily accessible to those wish- 
ing to consult them. 

The examination of books in the Lower Hall, about 17,000 
in number, and the only ones now in general circulation, shows 
that most of them are in good condition, although many bear 
marks of hard service. The number of books reported at 
this time as missing or thrown aside as useless (i. c. worn 
out and not worth rebinding) during the year is 378. The 
value of the books lost or missing has been thus far about 
repaid by the fines collected for keeping books beyond the 
regulation time. These funds are, however, paid into the 



16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

city treasury, and do not constitute any portion of the funds 
of the Library. 

In addition to the books of the Upper and Lower Halls, are 
the periodicals in the Reading-room, which at the proper 
times are bound, and then numbered among the accessions to 
the Library. The periodicals, except the pictorials, are, as a 
general thing, left in a good condition for binding. This 
JReading-room is largely frequented, and many females avail 
themselves of its advantages. The annual cost of the peri- 
odicals is about $1,000, and is defrayed entirely out of the 
annual appropriations by the city. 

Your Committee learn that the relative average circulation 
of the Library, although now much larger than for the first 
four years of the existence of the Library, has diminished 
somewhat as compared with the preceding year. In 1858-59? 
during the 254 days that the Library was open for the deliv- 
ery of books, 149,468 volumes were circulated, or an average 
of 588.4 volumes a day. In 1859-60, during the 297 days 
that it was so open, 151,020 volumes were delivered, or an 
average of 508.5 a day ; making an average decrease of 80 
volumes a day. Notwithstanding the decrease, the circula- 
tion, confined to the 17,000 volumes in the Lower Hall, has been 
equal to the taking out of every book in the Hall nearly nine 
times during the past year. The highest number given out 
in one day, in 1859, was 1,335, March 5; in 1860, 1,052, 
Feb. 4. The largest weekly average of circulation in 1859 
was 909 volumes daily, for the week ending Feb. 26; 
in 1860, 782.8 volumes daily, for the week ending Feb. 25. 
The above statistics as to the circulation relate exclusively to 
the operations of the Library, since it was opened December 
20, 1858, in the new building in Boylston Street. While the 
Library was in Mason Street, the highest average daily circu- 
lation was 383 volumes. 

This subject appears to your Committee one of great im- 
portance, for, if unexplained, the inference might be that the 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 17 

Library is losing the confidence and favor of the citizens. 
Your Committee are glad to learn that it has occupied the 
attention of the Trustees, who are making investigations to 
ascertain the facts and their causes. We cannot attribute it 
to any lack of confidence or interest in the Library, for the 
Library was never more deserving of both ; and during the 
year, 4,809 new names have been registered of those desir- 
ing to use, and using the Library, making the number of 
names registered from the beginning, 18,138. We would 
rather mainly ascribe the decrease to the fact that the Public 
Library necessarily cannot supply the demand for the current 
works of fiction, and books of immediate and short-lived 
interest ; and to the correlative fact that the circulating libra- 
ries recently established, are able to supply and do supply it, 
by the purchase of sufficient copies, sometimes to the extent 
of from fifty to one hundred copies of each work, which, when 
the demand slackens, as it does ordinarily, in a few weeks, 
are sold. Thus those who have heretofore sought these 
books at the Public Library, and been unable to obtain them, 
either at all, or only after delays, go to the circulating libra- 
ries, where they are certain of procuring them at once. It is 
manifestly not within the province of the Public Library to 
supply the demand for such books; nor could it be done, even 
if it were desirable, with the funds at its disposal. It is stated 
'•' that in some of the large circulating libraries of London, five 
hundred, one thousand, and in some cases, twenty-five hundred 
copies of novels or very popular books are purchased and are 
found necessary for the supply of readers," and " one of these 
libraries purchases 225,000 volumes a year," more than double 
the whole number of volumes now in this Library. From the 
statements made to your Committee, there seem to be sufficient 
grounds for the belief that the whole number of volumes 
taken from the Library during the present year represents a 
larger proportion of works of sterling and permanent value 
than ever before. 
3 



18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

It should be stated in this connection, that during the com- 
ing year, the 65,000 volumes in the Upper Hall, which, here- 
tofore, during the preparation and printing of the index to 
the Card Catalogue of that Hall, have been used only within 
the building, will be ready for general circulation, with the 
exception of those which are, either alone or in sets, too rare 
and valuable to risk out of the building, and of those which 
were given upon condition that they should be kept for use 
within the building. When this occurs, an increase in the 
circulation may reasonably be expected. 

11. The Catalogues. The different catalogues have been 
so minutely mentioned in former Reports that they need no 
further general description here. The work of printing the 
index to the Card Catalogue of the volumes in the Upper Hall 
has been prosecuted during the year with as much vigor as 
practicable, having due regard to fulness and accuracy. 
There have been some delays occasioned by sickness and the 
interruptions caused by the necessary changes in those en- 
gaged upon the work. 

It is now in type as far as, and including, the letter P ; and 
600 pages are stereotyped. Your Committee think that the 
whole, making near 850 pages, will be stereotyped within 
three months from this date. When it is borne in mind that 
this index will contain not only the title of every work, under 
the name of its author, with a designation of the place and 
date of publication, and of the size of the book, with a simi- 
lar entry again under the word denoting its subject, and yet 
again under any prominent word in its title, under which it 
would be likely to be sought for, all arranged in an alphabeti- 
cal series, but also a full statement of the contents of all col- 
lected works of authors, and of all collections of single 
works of various authors with a common title, some more 
definite idea will be had of its great value and of the time and 
labor necessarily expended upon its preparation and in carry- 
ing it through the press. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 19 

The Committee would refer to a single illustration of the 
value of this index, which the}' observed in the examination 
of the pages already printed. The Librarypossesses the col- 
lection as complete as it can be made of the documents pub- 
lished by the Parliament of Great Britain, commonly called 
the Sessional papers or blue books, in upwards of 2,000 folio 
volumes. They contain the transactions of the British Par- 
liament through its Committees and Commissions and in its 
State Papers. Heretofore, they have been difficult of access 
for want of a sufficiently condensed index. Whoever would 
consult them must make search, and perchance a long and 
weary and sometimes an unsuccessful one, to find a document 
or report upon a given subject. In the preparation of this 
index, an alphabetical catalogue of the various subjects is 
given, with proper references, so that this labor has been 
here done for all men and for all time. It makes, in the 
most condensed and compact form, in pearl type, fourteen 
pages, double columns, of the index, and it cost nearly 
two months' labor of the whole force employed on the 
catalogue for its preparation. Thus there exists this singu- 
lar fact, that the City of Boston has in the catalogue of its 
Public Library the most complete (and perhaps the only 
complete) condensed index in existence, to the Parliamentary 
Papers of Great Britain. 

From the examination they have made of this index, your 
Committee think that when completed it will be found to be 
an excellent one, and most creditable to the city and to those 
engaged in its preparation and execution. By its means the 
treasures in the Upper Hall will be readily accessible to the 
public. 

And your Committee would state generally, and they men- 
tion it as a fact deserving of great praise to those connected 
with the management of the Library, that all the books in the 
Library are catalogued up to the date of the very latest acces- 



20 CITY DOCUME.YT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

sioDS ; that there are no arrearages, as is too often the case 
in similar institutions. 

III. The BuilJino;- The deficiencies in the shelvincr, cabi- 
nets, and outside door of the building, noticed in the report of 
the last Examining Committee, have been supplied from the 
generous appropriation made by the City Council for that 
purpose, and all the alcoves in all the galleries are now fur- 
nislied witli shelves. 

The shelving was done in a very satisfactory manner, under 
contract by Mr. John F. Dunning. Your Committee regret to 
learn that the actual cost of the contractor for the materials 
furnished, and labor performed under the contract, without 
including anything for the time and services of Mr. Dunning, 
exceed by $880.18 the contract price, and that Mr. Dunning 
suffers an actual loss of that amount, in addition to the loss 
of his time and personal services. It would be a great pleas- 
ure to your Committee, if, consistently with the rules that gov- 
ern the City Council in such cases, Mr. Dunning's loss could 
be made up to him. 

Up to this year, your Committee learn, that the estimates 
for appropriations for the repairs of the building have been 
included in the estimates of the Trustees; but that this year, 
according to the opinion of the City Solicitor, the Committee 
on Public Buildings of the City Council have had charge of the 
matter, in making the estimates and expending the appropria- 
tions. Under the liberal supervision of that Committee, the 
paint in the lower rooms that had suffered from the dampness 
of the walls has been renovated, and an apparatus that was 
much needed for hoisting boxes of books has been erected in 
the tower. The grounds around the building have been 
greatly improved and adorned with shrubs and flowers, 
under the judicious care of the Committee on Commons and 
! Squares. Your Committee made a thorough examination of 
the building, and found it in good order and condition. 



i 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 21 

They would recommend a slight addition to the present 
arrangements of the building, to wit : an increase of the 
height of the railing in the alcoves, and the placing of a 
suitable railing or guard around the area, in front of the 
building. These improvements will cost but little, and will 
add to the safety of those who may have occasion to visit the 
building. 

IV. The Administration of the Library. A Sub-Committee 
of the Trustees has this matter especially in charge. The 
immediate management and oversight of the Library are 
intrusted to the Superintendent, Librarian, and such assist- 
ants, male and female, as are from time to time found neces- 
sary. 

The number of persons employed in the service of the 
Library, during the past year, has varied from 17 to 20. 
The number is now, exclusive of the janitor and his wife and 
the fireman, 17. Of these the Librarian, assistant Librarian, 
and seven female assistants, are employed in the Lower Hall, in 
the general duties of the Library, and the others have been 
and are engaged upon the preparation of the index to the 
catalogue, and carrying it through the press. 

This force, or the greater part of it, must necessarily be 
continued, after the completion of the printing of the index 
to the catalogue, in the ordinary labors required in an insti- 
tution like this, and in cataloguing and arranging the large 
accessions of new books to the Library during the year by 
purchase, by bequest, and by gift. And if the Library con- 
tinues to increase as it has done, there will probably be re- 
quired, for the necessary purposes of the Library, a force as 
large as is now employed. 

The method of managing the Library appears to work well, 
and to be all that is desired for the arrangement and pres- 
ervation of the books, for their distribution, and for the sat- 
isfactory accommodation of the public. 

In conclusion, tho Committee desire to express the great 



22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

satisfaction they have had by their examination in observing 
the present condition of the Library ; the method of its man- 
agement ; its wonderful growth ; its reasonable prospects of 
increase ; the munificence of its benefactors and patrons, and 
the noble liberality of the City. The worth of this institu- 
tion to the people of Boston, and the value fitly ascribed to 
it in a wise system of free public education, cannot well be 
overestimated. Your Committee believe that the people of 
Boston appreciate its benefits, and recognize the priceless 
services of those who nourished the Library in its small be- 
ginnings and have directed its maturer growth. 
Respectfully submitted. 

GEO. P. SANGER, ^ 

NEHEMIAH ADAMS, 

THOS. ASPINWALL, 

JAMES A. DIX, 

G. A. OTIS, 

ALEX'R H. RICE, 

Boston, Nov. 10, 1860. 



Committee 
Examination. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 23 



SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. 

To THE Trustees of the Public Library of the City op 
Boston. 

Gentlemen : In obedience to the requirement of the third 
article of the second chapter of the By-laws relative to the 
Trustees and Officers of the Public Library, I beg leave to 
present to you the following 

REPORT 

upon the affairs of the Library, for the year ending the first 
of November, 1860. 

During the year, 6,989 books, 1,452 pamphlets, and 19 maps, 
drawings, and engravings, have been added to the Library. 

Of these, 3,245 books and five maps have been purchased, 
and 3,744 books, 1,452 pamphlets, and 14 maps, engravings, 
etc., have been presented. A full list of the donors is ap- 
pended to this Report, marked E. 

If we add the accessions of this year to the aggregates of 
the last Report, we find the Library to contain at this time, 
85,032 books, and 20,707 pamphlets, of which, about 17,000 
books are in the Lower Hall, and in constant use. 

In the above enumeration, the Library bequeathed to the 
City by the Rev. Theodore Parker, constituting the largest 
and most important donation of books, next to Mr. Bates's, 
which has yet been made to the Public Library, is not in- 
cluded. As this collection, though presented to the City, and 
accepted, has not yet been removed to the Public Library, it 



24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 90. [Nov. 

will be necessary to defer till another report, an}^ statements in 
detail with res^ard to its character, condition, and value. I 
will only observe that it is considered by those who have had 
opportunity to examine it, as one of the best formed and best 
kept private collections in the country, and that it is supposed 
by Mr. Parker's executors to contain between 16,000 and 
17,000 volumes. 

The number of volumes now belonging to the Public Li- 
brary may therefore be assumed to exceed one hundred 
thousand. 

The largest donation of books (always excepting that of 
Mr. Bates) thus far received from a single individual, and in- 
corporated with the treasures of the Institution, is that made 
the present year by George Ticknor, Esq., a member of the 
Board of Trustees. It comprises 2,418 volumes, nearly all in 
neat and substantial binding, and in remarkable condition, as 
to the perfectness and beauty of copies, and the completeness 
of sets. Four or five hundred of the books being specially 
adapted to general circulation, were designated for that pur- 
pose by Mr. Ticknor, but the remainder, about two thousand 
volumes, being in their nature books of reference, he gave 
on condition that they should always be retained in the 
Library, so as to be at all times freely accessible to all per- 
sons resorting there,- expressing, however, at the same time, 
his unabated conviction of the paramount importance of the 
circulating portion of the Institution. 

Mr. Ticknor's donation comprises a large number of volu- 
minous and costly lexicons and comprehensive works, which it 
has become very difficult to procure, such as Schilter's Thesau- 
rus antiquhatum Teulonicarum, Scherz's Glossarium Germanicum, 
Hire's Glossarium Saio-GoUdcum, the Glossaria of Du Cange, 
the Dlbllotheccs of Fabricius, Wieland's Teiitsche Merkur, 
complete, and the Histoire liltSraire de la France, commenced 
in IToo by tlie Benedictines of St. Maur, and now continued 
to its twenty-third volume by members of the French In- 
Btitute. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 25 

The donation includes also many valuable and rare editions 
of the Greek and Latin classics, and a complete set, uniform- 
ly and handsomely bound, of the Classici luiliani, in 250 vol- 
umes, 8°. Some works of special bibliographical interest are 
comprised in the collection, as an edition of Theuerdank, by 
Waldis, in 1563, and a copy of Hesychius, with copious man- 
uscript annotations by its learned editor, Alberti, intended for 
a new edition of the work, and kept for that purpose nearly 
half a century, by the celebrated publishing house of the 
Luchtmans in Leyden. It is a singular circumstance, perhaps 
worthy of notice, that a new edition of this celebrated work has 
recently been published in Germany, without the knowledge 
on the part of its editor, that these important materials for it 
had been brought to the United States by a young American 
more than forty-five years ago. 

Besides this large donation, Mr. Ticknor has, during the 
ye^v, given to the Library, from ten to fifty copies each, of the 
Life of Amos Lawrence, by his son ; of Bulfinch's Life of 
Matthew Edwards, the boy inventor ; of Miss Nightingale's 
book on Nursing and the means of keeping disease out of 
our own houses ; and of Mr. Everett's Life of Washington. 
Mr. Ticknor, in making these gifts, expressed his desire to try 
the experiment of multiplying the chances for reading books 
which are not only interesting but useful, adding, in relation 
to these four, that he " should be sorry if either should be 
asked for when all the copies were out, except as a proof of 
the demand for such books. The value of our Institution, the 
real good it will do, depends, I think, more upon the circula- 
tion of books of this class, than upon our collection of light 
literature, though I put a high value upon the last as a means 
for cultivating among the young a love for reading." 

It seems desirable to call particular attention to this ex- 
periment, so accordant witli the popular character of this 
Library, and so very important in its bearing upon the health 
of the community, and upon the moral and business character 
4" 



26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

of young persons just entering into active life. The result of 
such an experiment is not to be decided hastily. The books 
Mr. Ticknor has selected to begin it, are of unchanging worth, 
each for a particular class of readers, and the object is not 
only to meet the full demand for these particular books, but 
to raise the demand for all books of equal popular value and 
importance to the highest point at which it can be steadily 
sustained. 

The Trustees of the British Museum have presented to the 
Public Library a complete set of the various publications 
issued under their direction, including catalogues and de- 
scriptions of the collections of Antiquities, Natural History, 
Printed Books, and Manuscripts, in that vast repository. The 
donation is one of great value and interest. The liberality 
and courtesy of the gift have not failed to meet with grateful 
recognition. 

The Commissioners of Patents of Great Britain have con- 
tinued to send the new numbers, as issued, of the magnificent 
work, to which allusion has frequently been made in former 
reports. 

Messrs. Oliver Ditson & Co. have presented a complete 
collection of their numerous musical publications, in 202 
volumes. This donation is peculiarly acceptable, as supple- 
mentary to the musical library presented, last year, by Mr. 
Bates. 

Miss Mary Otis has given a nearly complete file of the 
Christian Register in 30 volumes folio. Mr. William Gray, 
Col. Newell A. Thompson, Hon. Henry Wilson, J. D. W. 
Williams, Esq., and Mrs. Susan Parkman, have each presented 
valuable collections of books. 

The circulation, during the last year, has been limited to 
the books in the Lower Hall. Those in the Upper Hall 
have been constantly used for reference and for reading 
within the building. In the course of a few months, they will, 
it is hoped, be ready to be lent out under such regulations as 
the Trustees may adopt. 



* 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 27 

The Library has, in the last year, been open 297 days, and 
during this period 151,020 applications for books to be taken 
out of the Library have been answered, making a daily 
average of 508^. Last year, the Library was open 254 days ; 
the aggregate of applications answered was 149,468, and the 
daily average 588 4.10. The largest number of books issued 
in any one day was, this year, 1,052, on the 4th of February; 
last year, 1,335, on the 5tli of March. 

During the year, 4,809 persons have registered their names 
to secure the privileges of the Library, making the whole 
number thus registered 18,138. 

It will be seen that the circulation, though still large, be- 
yond all the earlier anticipations of the friends of the Library, 
has somewhat decreased this year, though not nearly so much 
as it had increased the previous year ; for if in the last twelve 
months it has fallen off, on an average, eighty volumes a day, 
it had during the preceding ten months suddenly sprung up to 
an average of two hundred and live volumes a day above the 
average of any previous similar period. 

For the recent falling off several reasons may be sug- 
gested : — 

First, the novelty of the enterprise and the interest excited 
by the opening of the new building have passed by, and 
the Institution has assumed what may be regarded as its 
regular action. Too much weight should not, however, be 
allowed to this reason, in view of the large registration of 
new names during the year. 

Another cause for the decrease of circulation is, I think, a 
change in the character of the books sought. On this point 
I cannot speak with certainty, as it is very difficult to ascer- 
tain accurately the proportion of books in various classes 
issued to borrowers. I believe, however, it may fairly be 
stated, that when the Library was first opened, works of fic- 
tion were asked for more frequently than they are at present. 
It soon became manifest to the public, that the supply of such 



28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 90. [Nov. 

books was here inevitably behind the demaud. Some persons 
probably ceased altogether to use the Library, because the 
novels they asked for were often out, although the number of 
books in the department of prose liction is very large, exceed- 
ing 3,500 volumes. Others, notwithstanding similar disap- 
pointments, have continued to frequent the Library, seeking 
for a better class of books, which cannot be read so rapidly, 
and therefore are not changed so often. 

A third cause suggested to account for the diminished circu- 
lation, and one which is perhaps quite sufficient of itself, is the 
increase of other sources for the supply of popular reading. It 
is beyond question that during the last year, the business of the 
circulating libraries in the city has greatly increased. One 
of these establishments lent, in September, 1860, 4,200 
volumes, and in October, 1860, 4,500. In September, 1859, 
the circulation of the same library was only 1,600, and in Octo- 
ber of the same year only 2,050. These private circulating 
libraries have increased in number, in efficiency, and in the 
extent of their business, to a remarkable degree. Their cir- 
culation is chiefly of works of fiction, and works of immediate, 
but short-lived interest. It does not so much enter into the 
plan of their owners to furnish works of improving and use- 
ful reading, as to supply books of current popularity. It is 
their usage also, to sell at reduced prices all books which 
have remained even for a few weeks upon their shelves with- 
out being asked for. 

Should the Public Library attempt to meet the whole 
demand for such ephemeral books, the circulation could doubt- 
less be increased almost without limit, but the Library would 
then be deprived of the means for fulfilling its higher and 
better purpose of furnishing works useful and instructive; it 
would be thrust into a business competition with booksellers 
who can accomplish the desired object more eflectually, and 
with profit to themselves ; and it would, moreover, be exposed 
to the danger of sanctioning the circulation of works of 
doubtful tendency. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 29 

The single statement, that one of these private circulating 
libraries in London purchases 225,000 volumes a year (more 
than twice the number of volumes in this library) for the use 
of its readers, shows at once how impossible it would be to 
furnish that kind of reading for a large community, except 
through mercantile arrangements. Nor does it seem desir- 
able for a public library to devote itself in a large degree to 
the amusement of one class of the community, rather than to 
the substantial benefit of all classes. 

As the system of private circulating libraries becomes 
better organized and developed, it will probably be found 
that their office and that of the Public Library are quite dis- 
tinct, and are complementary the one of the other. It will 
perhaps be recognized as the duty of the Public Library to 
furnish principally useful works whose merits are known and 
acknowledged, not, indeed, rejecting or overlooking any class, 
but buying new books with caution, and often buying those 
that cannot easily be procured in the common circulating 
libraries and in the book shops, but which are of great 
importance to many — very many — of our citizens who can- 
not afford for themselves and families the luxury of large 
libraries at home. 

Since the Library was closed on the 22d of October, a 
careful examination has been made of the books in the Lower 
Hall. The whole number missing from their places at this 
time, in addition to those previously lost, is 262, some of 
which will, no doubt, be returned. Of the 130 reported last 
year as missing, 42 have been returned. Tlie number con- 
demned during the year as worn out and no longer fit for use 
is 116. The whole number newly covered is upwards of 
15,000. A single glance at the books that have been worn 
out, after being repeatedly bound afresh, and at those which 
have been covered again and again, would show, at once, 
liow much, and, in general how carefully, the Library has 
been used. 



30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

These statements arc worthy, I think, of particular notice. 
It is matter for congratulation that a circulation so large, so 
free, and so entirely without pecuniary guarantee for the 
safety of the books, can be continued from year to year with 
so small a percentage of loss and injury. It is creditable to 
the honor of our citizens and to their grateful appreciation 
of the benefits of this Institution, which is after all the 
property of the people and dependent upon their good-will 
for its support and its usefulness. Not an instance of rude- 
ness among those who have visited the Library has been re- 
ported to me during the year. No attempt at fraud, so far 
as known, has been made. No book, it is believed, has been 
taken for its pecuniary value. I regret, however, to be 
obliged again to refer to the marking and mutilation of books, 
an ungenerous and vulgar practice, which has not indeed in- 
creased during the last year, but which has not perceptibly 
diminished. 

I took occasion in my last Report to speak of the labor 
which the routine of such an establishment imposes upon 
persons whose names are seldom joined with the mention of 
its success. I need not repeat here the remarks I then 
made, but would only say that they still apply with un- 
diminished force. 

The Reading-room, which is supplied with 148 journals, 
selected with great care from the periodical literature of sev- 
eral nations, exclusive of newspapers published in this country, 
has continued to be a place of favorite resort. No diminution 
in the number of its frequenters has been observed. 

The Library was closed on the 22d of October, and owing 
to the necessary repairs now in progress under the direction 
of the Committee on Public Buildings of the City Council, it 
probably cannot be opened earlier than the 19th of November. 

In the Upper Hall the year has worn away in the midst of 
incessant labors upon tlie Index to tlie Catalogue. As the 
work advances, the difficulties dimiuish, and the rate of 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 31 

progress is accelerated. The printers are now employed 
upon the letter P. The index for the Upper Hall will occupy 
more than 800 pages, of the same size and type as that of 
the Lower Hall, and will, it is hoped, be finished within 
three or four months. 

The work of recording and cataloguing the numerous 
accessions to the Library has never been allowed to fall in 
arrears. The full importance of this can be felt by those only 
who have had to deal with accumulated arrears in large 
and growing libraries. 

In my last Report I called attention to the urgent need of 
additional shelves for the accommodation of the books. The 
committee for the annual examination of the Library became 
deeply impressed with this necessity and of the impossibility 
of its being met with the resources at the command of the 
Trustees. In their Report they set forth the wants of the 
Library in this respect, and also in regard to the binding of 
the magnificent work presented by the English Commissioners 
of Patents. The Trustees in their annual report brought 
these matters to the attention of the City Council, who, with 
their accustomed liberality towards the Library, made for 
these purposes a special appropriation of $7,000. With 
this sum, and with such sums as the Trustees were able to 
add, the wishes and purposes of the City Government have 
been fulfilled, and it is specially worthy of notice, that, since 
the Specifications of Patents, — already filling more than 800 
volumes, and fast increasing, — have been bound and thus 
rendered more accessible, the frequent use that has been made 
of them by our inventors, machinists, manufacturers, etc., 
shows that their importance to this community has by no 
means been overestimated. 

In conclusion, I may say, that the system upon which the 
Public Library has been organized proves by experience to 
be in general eminently practical and successful, as well as 
capable of expansion to meet rapid growth. I would also 



32 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

express the hope that all the details of the work of organ- 
ization, including the catalogues, which alone can make any- 
public library really accessible and useful, will be found to 
have been faithfully executed, so that it will not hereafter be 
necessary to go over them again, for the purpose of re- 
modelling or correcting what has already been done. 

I append to this Report the usual statement [marked F] of 
the expenditures of the Library, for the year now ended. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. C. JEWETT, Superintendent. 
November 1, 1860. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 33 



[C] 

Eighth Item op the Will op the late Rev. Theodore 

Parker. 

" To the proper authorities of the City of Boston aforesaid, 
I give all my books which are not otherwise disposed of in 
the preceding or following articles of my will, that they may 
be put in the Public Library of this City for the use and 
benefit of such as have access thereto, and be read on such 
terms as the Directors of said Library shall think just; and I 
desire that so far as consistent with public utility, the said 
books be kept in alcoves or on shelves by themselves ; and I 
desire that the said books shall in no case be sold, or given 
away, or exchanged for other books. But in case the authori- 
ties aforesaid decline to accept the books on these terms, then 
on the same conditions they are to be given to the Library of 
Harvard College in Cambridge." 

However, this eighth article of my will is to be wholly in- 
operative and void, unless it receive the consent of my wife, 
if living at my decease, as will more fully appear from the 
following article : 

'' Ninth. To my well-beloved wife, Lydia D. Parker, afore- 
said, I give all my manuscripts, journals, sermons, lectures, 
and letters, and also any and all books she may wish to 
retain from my library, even if she desires the whole, the 
same to be at her free and absolute disposal ; and she is to 
have six months to determine what she will keep and return." 

A true copy. Attest : 

[Signed] SAM'L F. McCLEARY, Cittj Clerk. 
5 



34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 



MR. TICKNOR'S LETTER, AND REPORT OF THE 
COMMITTEE ON BOOKS. 

Boston, April 16, 1860. 
To the Trustees of the Public Library — 

Gentlemen : It will be remembered by some of you, that, 
more than two years ago, I expressed a wish to make a con- 
tribution of books to the Public Library, and especially of 
books that may be useful as works of reference. I have, how- 
ever, thus far been prevented from doiug it by the circum- 
stance that the persons employed in its service have been so 
urgently occupied in arranging and cataloguing the treasures, 
that have been poured in upon it by the munificence of Mr. 
Bates and its other patrons, as to be unable to attend con- 
veniently to my smaller offering. But by the judgment and 
industry of the Superiutendent and his assistants, the books 
are now all in their places, and the catalogues not only com- 
pleted, but the index of the larger one well on its way through 
the press. Without further waiting, therefore, I send you 
ray contribution, wishing only that it were ampler and better. 

A part of the books that I have the honor to offer you are 
such, I think, as will be useful for the widest and most popu- 
lar circulation. In this portion of the Library I have always 
felt and still feel the greatest interest. From the earliest 
suggestion of such an institution, it has been my prevalent 
desire that it should be made useful to the greatest possible 
number of our fellow-citizens, especially to such of them as 
may be less able than they would gladly be to procure pleasant 
and profitable reading for themselves and for their families. 
This is known to all the Trustees with whom I have succes- 
sively served, and our President remembers, that I never would 
have put my hand to the Institution at all, except with this 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 35 

understanding as to its main object and management. Nor has 
there been any real difference on this point among the different 
persons who have controlled its affairs during the eight years 
of its existence. The consequence is, that there has been spent 
for books of the most popular character, not merely an amount 
equal to all that, in successive years, has been saved from the 
grants of the City Government for the support of the Library, 
but other large sums derived from different sources, such as 
the income of funds given by Mr. Bates and other generous 
friends of the Institution. In this vi^ay there has been col- 
lected in our Lower Hall, a library, which, considering the 
short time employed in gathering it, is, I think, both large 
and well fitted to its purposes, and one which is rapidly in- 
creasing, and growing more useful. The rest of our collec- 
tion — the part of it, I mean, in our Upper Hall — has come 
to us almost entirely by gift, and chiefly from the rich dona- 
tions of Mr. Bates, who, over and above the books purchased 
with the income of his fund of fifty thousand dollars, has 
sent us more than five and twenty thousand other volumes 
of great value. 

The result is known. There has been an immense circula- 
tion, — one much larger than the most sanguine had anti- 
cipated. It was great from the beginning, and it has increased 
every year. In the ten months after December, 1858, when the 
Library was first opened in the new building, it rose to more 
than an hundred and forty-nine thousand volumes ; and when 
the contents of the Upper Hall shall have been long enough 
accessible to the public to have their value felt, the number of 
books lent will, no doubt, be increased still further. Such a 
free circulation from a public library is, I suppose, without a 
parallel in any city not larger than Boston, and seems to be 
an appropriate reward for the munificence of its patrons and 
for the fostering care of the municipal government. 

But, notwithstanding the precedence, which in my judg- 
ment should be given to this portion of the Library, there is 



36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

another part of it, which, it can hardly be doubted, deserves 
great attention, — I mean its books which do not circulate, but 
which are kept in the building, always at hand for reference 
and use. Such a collection of books has been already begun, 
not, indeed, from the funds of the Institution or of the city, but 
by liberal and important donations. In 1855, at the instance 
of Joseph Story, Esq., who was then in London, and a Trustee 
of the Library, the British Government gave us all the 
volumes of its magnificent and costly publication of Patent 
Specifications which had then been issued, and has continued 
to send us the succeeding volumes, as they have come from the 
press, until they now amount to six or seven hundred, with 
an assurance that the rest will follow, as they may appear. 
Two years ago the sons of the late Dr. Bowditch, emulating 
their venerated father's generosity and public spirit, gave us 
his precious scientific and miscellaneous library, and his 
manuscripts, amounting in all to more than twenty-five hun- 
dred volumes ; and other persons have given us other books 
in smaller numbers, — all, like those given by the sons of Dr. 
Bowditch and the British Government, under the single con- 
dition that they shall be permanently kept in the proper 
rooms of the Library, there to be open, in the freest manner, 
for reference and use. Such collections, I need not say, are 
everywhere of the greatest importance to the progress of 
knowledge, but are of more value to persons who have not 
in their own homes convenient arrangements for study, than 
to any others. We have, however, hardly any such collec- 
tions in New England, and not one freely open for the use of 
all, like the Public Library. 

I, therefore, fulfil now the intention I expressed to 
you so long ago, and send to the Superintendent a list 
of the books which, I hope, you will permit me to con- 
tribute to this part of the Institution. A few of them are 
already on our shelves, but it seems to be well that of these 
books, as of many others, a single copy should always be 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 37 

reserved in the Library, so that no person who may come 
there to consult and use it may be disappointed. Others of 
the books, I have the pleasure to offer you, may be infre- 
quently asked for, but, when they are wanted, they will be 
found, I think, important, since copies of many of them cannot 
elsewhere among us be obtained, except after a troublesome 
search, if at all. I have wanted them much myself, and, 
because there was no public library in whicli I could obtain 
them, I have bought them, — often very reluctantly. I shall be 
happy if I am permitted to relieve others from this neces- 
sity. 

I remain, gentlemen, very truly. 

Your very obedient servant, 

GEO. TICKNOR. 



The Committee on Books, to whom was referred a letter of 
"the 16th of April, from George Ticknor, Esq., one of the 
Trustees, have had the same under consideration, and submit 
the following Report : — 

The abovementioned letter of Mr. Ticknor accompanies a 
donation to the Library of about two thousand volumes, 
mostly standard works in the ancient and modern languages, 
and in the various departments of literature. So large a num- 
ber of volumes, originally procured for his own use and form- 
ing a part of his private collection, must be regarded as one 
of the most valuable donations which have been made to the 
Library. Mr. Ticknor's active and intelligent co-operation 
in carrying on the Institution, from its foundation to the pres- 
ent day, and the great amount of time and labor which he 
has devoted to its service, had already entitled him to the 
gratitude of the community. The present donation places 
him among the most liberal benefactors of the Library. 



38 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

The Committee concur in the views presented by Mr. 
Ticknor, in the letter referred to them, as to the twofold ob- 
jects of a Public Library, and the means by which they may 
both be attained. It has been the object of the successive 
Boards of Trustees to make the important Institution, con- 
fided to their care, as extensively useful as possible to the 
largest number of their fellow-citizens. They have endeav- 
ored as their first duty, and as far as the means at their com- 
mand would permit, to furnish a supply of useful and attrac- 
tive books to those whose main dependence is on a Public 
Library ; and with this object in view, they have endeavored 
to give the greatest practical extension to the circulating 
department. The Committee fully concur with ^Mr. Ticknor 
in his statement of the course pursued in this respect; and it 
is no more than justice to add, that he has, from the founda- 
tion of the Institution, distinguished himself for the efficient 
interest that he has taken in this branch of its operations. 

The Committee, however, are aware that the Trustees have 
at all times felt, that an Institution like the Public Library 
should also be a depository for what are called works of 
reference, and such as are wanted only for consultation. As 
the books of this class are generally speaking expensive, often 
voluminous, sometimes rare, it is only in Public Libraries 
that we can expect to find them. Few persons, whose shelves 
are otherwise well supplied, find it convenient to be the 
owners of many works of this class. Such publications as 
the magnificent collection of the Specifications of Patents, for 
a copy of which we are indebted to the liberality of the 
British Government, can hardly ever find their way into 
private hands. For this reason, though the Trustees have 
expended no part of the funds granted them by the City, 
in procuring costly works of this class, they have seen with 
great satisfaction the growth of a Library of Reference 
steadily going on, in the manner described by Mr. Ticknor. 
A considerable portion of his own donation will form a very 
important addition to this department. 



I860.] PUBLIC LIBRARY. 39 

With the solid foundations already laid by former liberal 
benefactors, with the present important offering of Mr. 
Ticknor, and further contributions, which may be depended 
on from other public-spirited individuals, the Committee 
are persuaded that the Public Library will in due time not 
only be in a condition to furnish an ample supply of works 
for general circulation, but that its shelves will be well pro- 
vided with those more costly and voluminous publications 
which are needed for occasional reference and for research 
in the solid branches of science. 

The Committee report the following resolution : — 
Resolved, That the special thanks of the Board be returned 
to Mr. Ticknor for the donation of a large and valuable col- 
lection of books, and that such as he may designate for the 
purpose be retained for use within the walls of the Library. 
Respectfully submitted by 

EDWARD EVERETT, 
W. W. GREENOUGH, 
GEO. P. SANGER. 
Public Library, 15th May, 1860. 



40 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. 



[Nov. 



[E] 



Vols. 

Adams, Charles F., Hon. . . - . 
American Antiquarian Society, Worcester 
American Anti-slavery Society 
American Association for the Advancement 
of Science ...... 

American Philosophical Society 

American Tract Society .... 

American Unitarian Association 

Ames, Elli.s, Canton ... 1 map. 

Anonymous .... 1 paper. 1 

Andrews, J. 

Ansorge, Charles, Dorchester - 

Apple'ton, Nathan, Hon. .... 

Atkinson, W. P. 

Avery, Charles ..-.-- 

Balfour, David M. 

Barnard, Charles P., Rev. - - 12 papers. 

Bartlett, John, Cambridge 

Bigelow, Jacob, M. D. 

Binney, Horace, Hon., Philadelphia - 

Boltwood, Lucius M., Hon., Amherst 

Boston, City of - - - - - 1 

Boston Board of Trade .... 

Boston Dispensary 

Boston Gas Light Co. .... 6 

Boston Young Men's Christian Association 
Botfield, Beriah, M. P., England - - 1 

Bowditch, Henry L, M. D. 2 drawings. 2 



Pamph. 
1 



n 



3 
1 

98 



I860.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



41 



Bowditch Library Proprietors 

Boyd, Mrs. S. E. 

Bradford, Thomas G. - 

Bradlee, Caleb Davis, Rev. 

Brinley, Francis, Hon. - - - - 

Brigham, William . . - . . 

British Meteorological Society 

British Museum ..... 

Brooklyn Mercantile Library Association 

Brown, Moses 

Burnham, T. 0. H. P. - 

Caetani, Don Michel Angelo, Duke de Ser- 

moneta, Rome ..... 
Channing, Walter, M. D. 
Chicago Historical Society 
Cincinnati Young Men's Mercantile Library 

Association ..... 
Clark, Frances, Miss, Uxbridge - 
Clark, Henry, Poultney, Vt. 
Clark, John & Co. - 
Colcord, Samuel M. - - - - 
Cooper Union Trustees, New York - 
Copeland, Elisha .... 

Crane, Samuel D. - - - - - 
Curtis, Charles P. . . . . 

Curtis, Josiah, M. D. 
Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H. 
Davids, Thaddeus & Co., New York - 
Davis, E. M., Philadelphia 

Dennet, William H. 

Dennie, George 

Detroit Young Men's Society 
Devonshire, His Grace the Duke of, England 
Dillaway, Charles K. - - - - 
Ditson, Oliver & Co. .... 

6 



Vola. 
7 
2 

9 
3 
2 
1 

76 
1 



1 

2 
1 

3 

2 
1 
1 
2 
1 
2 

1 
1 
1 
1 

202 



Pamph. 



11 



2 
59 

109 






42 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. 



[Nov. 



Vols. 

Dudley, Dean 1 

Dntton, E. P 1 map. 1 

Eliot, C. W., & Storer, F. H. - 

Eliot, S. A., Hon. 3 

Essex Institute . . . . 8 papers. 
Everett, Edward, Hon. - - 33 papers. 35 
Farnbam, Luther, Rev. ... - 
Fernald, Woodbury M., Eev. . . . 1 
Flatticb, G. H. - - - - 71 papers. 
Fliigel, Felix, Dr., Leipzig ... - 1 

Foley, William J. 1 

Fowler & Wells, New York - 29 papers. 

Francis, Nathaniel 8 

Frothingham, Wm. L. .... 

Gengembre, P. W. 

Gilman, Daniel Colt, New Haven - - 1 
Grand Lodge of Rhode Island - - - 1 

Gray, William 265 

Great Britain Commissioners of Patents - 11 
Great Britain, Lords of the Admiralty, - - 1 
Great Britain .-.-.- 1 
Green, Samuel A., M. D. - - 1 map. 14 

Greenough, William W. - - 30 papers. 1 

Hall, Charles B. 

Hall, W. W., M. D., New York . - - 9 
Harthill, Alex., New York - 39 papers. 

Heard, J. M., Clinton 

Higginson, T. W., Rev., Worcester - - 1 
Higginson, Waldo ..... 1 

Historical Society of Maine - - - 1 

Holmes, Oliver W., M. D. ... 2 

Hodges, Richard M., M. D. ■ - - - 38 
Homans, J. Smith, New York - . - 2 

Hoyt, David W. 1 

Institution of Civil Engineers, London - 2 



Pamph. 



1 

5 
127 
156 

1 



73 

5 

11 

1 



161 
1 



I860.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



43 



Vols. Pamph. 

Jarvis, Edward, M. D., Dorchester - - 3G 

Jewett, Charles C, 1 

K. k. geologische Rcichsanstalt, Vienna - 4 2 

Kimball, J. W. 1 

Kirk, E.N., Rev., D. D. . - . - l 

Lawrence, T. Bigelow ----- 1 

Lee & Wilder, Elwood, Kansas 4 papers. 

Leighton, Rufus, Jr. ----- 1 
Liharzik, Franz, Dr. - - . - 1 

London, Corporation of - - - - 2 
Loring, James S., Brooklyn, N. Y. - - 5 G3 

Lunt, George, Hon. ----- I 

Mason & Brothers, New York - 1 paper. 

Massachusetts 4 

Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Assoc. - 1 

Massachusetts Historical Society - - 3 

Massachusetts Lunatic Hospital, Northampton - 1 

Merrill, Elizabeth L. - - - - 1 

Middlesex Mechanic Assoc, Lowell - - 2 

Minot, William, Hon. 3 

Moflfat, Joseph L., Roxbury - 1 engraving. 
Morgan, Albert - - - - 31 papers. 

Moore, Charles W. 12 

New Bedford Free Library 

Newburyport Public Library - - - - 

New England Historic Genealogical Society 
New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane 
New York Mercantile Library Association - 1 
New York, Regents of the University - 
Nicolson, Samuel -.-..- 
Nott, Samuel ...... 

Ohio State Library .... ] 

Oliver, F. E., M. D. 16 

Otis, Mary 30 

Paine, Martyn, M. D. 1 



44 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 

Vols. Pamph. 

Palfrey, Jno. G,, Hon., Cambridge - - 1 

Parker, Henry T., Loudon - ... 1 
Parker, John, Mrs. ..... 16 8 

Parkman, Susan, Mrs. 48 

Parsons, Usher, M. D., Providence - - 1 

Peabody Institute, Danvers - . - - 1 

Perkins Institution and Mass. Asylum for the 

Blind 1 

Pertz, G. H., Dr., Berlin .... l 

Pettes, Mary E., Miss - - 55 papers. 

Philadelphia Mercantile Library Association 1 

Poole, Henry Ward 1 

Powis, Earl of, England .... 1 

Providence Athenaeum .... l 

Putnam, E. M. 3 

Regally, Mrs. 1 

Rice, Alex. H., Hon. .... 7 

Richardson, James B. - - - - - 2 

Ritchie, Edward S. 1 

Ritchie, John ...... 1 

Royal Astronomical Society, London - - 4 9 

Royal Geographical Society, London - 3 3 

Royal Society, London 2 

Russell & Tolman - - - 17 papers. 
San Francisco Mercantile Library Assoc. - 1 

Sargent, John T., Rev. 1 

Schebek, Edmund, Dr., Vienna ... 2 

Sears, P. H. 1 

Seidensticker, J. 2 

Shurtleir, Nathaniel B., M. D. - - - 3 

Shaw, Benjamin S., M. D. - - - 1 

Smith, J. V. C, M. D. 1 

Smith, Samuel, Worcester . . . 2 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington - - 3 
Snow, E. M., Providence . . . - 1 



I860.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



45 



1 map. 



Sprague, Charles J. 

Sprague, Peleg, Hon. 

St. John, Robert 0. 

Stevens, Henry, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Stevens, Hiram F., St. Albans, Vt 

Stodder, John S. - - - 

Stone, E. M., Rev., Providence 

Storer, Frank H. - - 

Storer, H. R., M. D. 

Sumner, Charles, Hon. 

Sumner, William H., Gen'l, Jamaica Plains - 

Swasey, Charles W. - - - - 

Thayer, Alexander W. .... 

Tliayer, Frederick W. - 

Thompson, Newell A., Hon. 

Ticknor, George 

Troy Young Men's Association 

Turner, A. D., Mrs. .... 

Tyler, John S., Mrs. 

United States State Department, Washington 

Universalist Church, Salem 

Urbino, S. ------ - 

Valentine, D. T., New York - 

Wadia, R. H., of Bombay .... 

Warren, Josiah ..... 

Warren, Charles H., Hon. - - - . 

Wells, E. M. P., Rev., D. D. - 

Welsh, Charles W., Washington 

Wetherell, Lcandcr 

Whitmore, William H. 

Whitwell, B., Mrs. 

Whitwell, E. IL, Miss 

Wigglesworth, Miss 

Wight, Eben 

Wightman, Joseph M. 



Vols. 

1 



Pamph. 



1 

166 papers. 1 
- 169 

2 maps. 2418 
1 
2 
1 
2 

2 
1 
1 
1 
1 

9 charts. 1 

2 

4 

- 7 

8 

11 papers, 2 



80 
254 



46 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 90. [Nov. 1860. 

Vols. I'amph. 

Wilkias, John H., Hon. .... 4 

Williams, J. D. W., Roxljuiy . . - Gl 7 

Willis, Hamilton 11 

Willis, Nathaniel - - 73 papers, 1 map. 5 

Wilson, Daniel, LL. D., Toronto, Canada - 2 

Wilson, Henry, Hon., Natick - - - G2 

Worlliington & Flanders . . . - 3 

Wright, Elizur 3 



[F] 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 

For one year, from Novcmher 1, 1859, to October 31, 1800, 
inclusive. 

Binding, including $3,500 for binding Patent 

Specifications $4,412 75 

Books - 2,963 07 

Expense, including repairs, water, tools, etc. - 648 62 

Fuel 793 64 

Furniture and Fixtures, including $4,291.83 for 

shelving, cabinets, &c. - - - - 5,571 59 

Gas 1,089 15 

Printing, including $1,276.52 for Catalogue - 1,543 49 

Salaries 11,395 36 

Stationery 550 06 

Transportation, including insurance, postage, etc. 260 27 

$29,228 00 



i 




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