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Full text of "Annual report"

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NINTH ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OP THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



CITY OF BOSTON 



PRESEXTKD NUVEMBEI! 14, l.Sdl. 




BOSTON: 

J. K. FAR WELL & CO., CITY PRINTERS 

No. 32 Congress Street, 

18 6 1. 



City Document. — No. 68. 



(^WW^ ®1* IB(D§^®ir^ 




THE 



NINTH ANNUAL EEPOET 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



18 6 1. 



In Board of Aldermen, November 18, 1861. 

Laid on the table, and one thousand copies ordered to be 
printed. 

Attest : S. F. McCLEAKY, City Clerk. 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



Public Library, 15 November, 1861. 

His Honor, Joseph M. Wightman, Mayor of the City of 
Boston : 

Sir: I have the honor to transmit to you, herewith, the 
Ninth Annual Eeport of the Trustees of the Puhlic Library, 
prepared in obedience to the fourth section of the Ordinance 
of the 14th of October, 1852, providing for the establishment 
and regulation of the Public Library. 
Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

CHAKLES C. JEWETT, 
Secretary of the Board of Trustees. 



NINTH ANNUAL EEPOET 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



In obedience to the fourtli section of the Ordinance of the 
14th of Octoher, 1852, providing for the establishment and reg- 
ulation of the Public Library, the Trustees ask leave to submit 
to the City Council their Ninth Annual 

REPORT. 

The ordinance directs that a committee shall be annually ap- 
pointed by the Trustees, consisting of five citizens at large, with 
a member of the Board to act as chairman, who shall be invited 
to examine the library and make report of its condition. The 
members of the Committee for the present year are Alderman 
E. T. Wilson, Chairman, Edwin C. Bailey, Esq., Joshua D. Ball, 
Esq., Rev, Jacob M, Manning, Professor W. B. Rogers, and 
Stephen N. Stockwell, Esq. The report of the Examining Com- 
mittee is herewith submitted, marked A, together with the re- 
port of the Superintendent of the Library, marked B. 

To these documents little or nothing need be added, in order 
to give a just view of the condition of the Library and of the in- 
crease of its resources and efficiency during the past year. The 
simple facts that above sixteen thousand volumes have been 
received during the twelvemonth, nearly three fourths of them 



6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

by donation ; that twenty-four thousand dollars have been gen- 
erously contributed by bequest to its funds ; that more than one 
hundred and sixty thousand books have been borrowed from the 
Lower Hall; that the Upper Hall has been thrown open and 
an Index published, by which its treasures have been rendered 
easily accessible ; that more than a thousand persons upon an 
average have daily resorted to some department of the Library, 
to avail themselves of the great benctits which it offers to the 
whole community, — these few facts are sufficient of themselves 
to show how important the Library has become, and how exten- • 
sively its value is felt as a city institution. They show, at the 
same time, that it was never before in so good a condition ; that 
it was never before so generally useful ; and that its appropriate 
benefits were never before so widely and ctfectively diffused. 

With the statement of results like these, the main objects of 
the annual report of the Trustees might seem to be fulfilled. 
On two points however, they feel called upon, at the present 
moment, to say a few words : — 

And in tlie first place, as to the books themselves, which of 
course in every library form the. paramount interest. The Pub- 
lic Library now contains more than ninety-seven thousand vol- 
umes, and the Trustees desire to say, that, in their judgment, it 
is, for its size, an excellent collection of books, and one extremely 
"well fitted for its especial purposes. Their earliest and strongest 
wish has been and still is to render the whole library useful to 
the greatest possible number of persons of both sexes in our 
community, but more especially to those who are less able than 
they could Avish to procure good books for themselves and their 
families. In this primary object tliey believe they have been 
successful. The immense circulation from the Lower Hall seems 
to them to prove it, and to leave no doubt that it is much more 
extensively used, than any other library in New England. But 
while the Trustees have been laboring in this direction, in the 
discharge of what tliey have regarded as their official duty, other 
friends of the institution have enriched it with large collections 
of books, less fitted for general circulation, but which are of 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 7 

great value as works of reference, and imperatively needed by 
those, who would make careful investigations into many subjects 
— scientific, literary, and historical, — often of grave importance 
in higher education and for the general welfare. In this respect 
also, the Trustees venture to express the opinion, that the Public 
Library, taking all its departments together, possesses a better 
collection of books, than any other library in New England. In 
relation to both of its divisions, therefore, they believe tliat it 
will fully accomplish the objects of its foundation. It has cer- 
tainly done so thus far, much beyond the highest expectations of 
the Trustees ; and with its rapidly increasing means, they do not 
doubt that its increasing usefulness will, with every year, become 
more and more apparent. 

The other point to which the Trustees would invite the atten- 
tion of the City Council is the Indexes, which have been pub- 
lished, from time to time, in order to facilitate the use of the 
books contained in the collection. The Indexes, and the Cata- 
logue on which they are founded, are regarded by the Trustees 
as, next to the collection itself, the most important interest of 
the Library. The first Index was issued late in the autumn of 
1858, as soon as the Library was opened in the present building, 
and it contained the titles of such books of general interest as 
were then upon the shelves of the Lower Hall. Since that time, 
four supplements to this Index have been published, in order to 
render the books successively added to the collection immediately 
accessible. The last of these supplements is just issued, and 
contains the titles of 1,382 volumes, added within the last eleven 
months, all of a popular character, and nearly all fresh from 
the press, or very recently published. The whole number of 
volumes now in this division of the Library is 19,161, and no 
opportunity is neglected to increase and render it more attrac- 
tive and useful. 

A much larger and more important Index was published a 
few weeks ago, in order to open the Upper Hall to the public, 
which had already been done in part, and which is now fully 
accomplished. This Index is constructed on the same general 



8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

principlos as the smaller one of the Lower Hall ; its purpose 
being to render the Looks in the Upper Hall, whether for circu- 
lation or for reference, easily accessible to all ; — to persons little 
in habits of study, as well as to those who devote themselves to 
the severest scientific investigations. The Trustees believe that 
this larger Index, which has already been received with distin- 
guished approbation by some of the persons both in Europe and 
America, best able to judge of its merits, will prove as satisfac- 
tory to the public, as the smaller one has certainly done ; and 
that it will, by facilitating and inviting researches in every de- 
partment of knowledge, tend to the advancement of this commu- 
nity in whatever is most to be desired in life, and whatever will 
best promote life's great ends. 

As the Library increases, other Indexes for both of its halls 
will no doubt be published, so as to extend the benefits of the 
institution more and more widely, until in due time, when the 
collection shall have become large enough to require it, and 
when means for the purpose shall have been provided, a general 
Index may be issued, Avhich, in a single comprehensive alpha- 
betical arrangement, shall set forth all its resources, and invite 
the community to the fullest and freest enjoyment of its benefits, 
compatible with the necessary conditions of its existence and 
success. 

In the mean time, however, it should not be forgotten, that any 
one resorting to the Library can, from the Card Catalogue, which 
forms the ample foundation for all the Indexes, obtain whatever 
facilities he may need, even for the most thorough and labori- 
ous investigations. It is on this Card Catalogue, in fact, that 
the chief arrangements for the best use of the Library rest ; and 
whether abstracts from it, under the name of Indexes, shall have 
been published or not, it will always be in readiness for use, and 
can always be consulted with confidence. 

Considering, therefore, the number and character of books in 
the Library, together with the Indexes and other means provided 
for rendering their use agreeable and easy, the Trustees have at 
present no suggestions to make for clianges or improvements. 



PUBLIC LIBRAKY. 9 

They can only propose to go on as they have begun, and do not 
doubt that, as the present condition of the Library much more 
than fulfils the predictions of its earliest and most sanguine 
friends, so the future will justify any reasonable hopes that may 
be entertained of its beneficial influences on the education, pros- 
perity, and advancement of the city. 

The Trustees cannot close their report without making the 
acknowledgments due to the many individuals and public bodies, 
who have added to the resources of the Library during the past 
year, by donations of more than a thousand books and above 
thirty-five hundred pamphlets, many of them important and all 
acceptable. Among the names on this list, which forms a part 
of the report of the Superintendent, will be found that of the 
Emperor of the French, who has done us the honor to send to 
the Library a copy of his own works in four beautifully executed 
volumes, together with the seven magnificent volumes already 
published of the Correspondence of Napoleon I., of which the 
remaining volumes have been kindly ordered by His Imperial 
Majesty to be sent to the Library, as they shall successively 
appear. Nor will it fail to be observed that the British Com- 
missioners of Patents continue to furnish us with the successive 
volumes of their vast and truly magnificent publication. 

The Trustees desire also, on behalf of their fellow-citizens, to 
offer the expression of their gratitude to Messrs. William Minot 
and William Minot, Jr., who, as executors of the late Miss Mary 
P. Townsend, a lady of rare benevolence and unobtrusive worth, 
were entrusted with discretionary power over a part of her 
estate, and have devoted to the Public Library the sum of four 
thousand dollars of what was thus confided to their disposal, — 
making it a fund, of which the income is forever to be expended 
in the purchase of books. Considering the circumstances under 
which this donation was made, the Trustees may be permitted to 
regard it as a most gratifying proof of the extent to which the 
Institution has acquired the confidence of the most intelligent and 
discerning members of the community. 

A still more important addition has been made during the 
2 



10 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 68. 

past year to the funds of the Library by the munificent sum of 
twenty thousand dollars, bequeathed by the late Hon. Jonathan 
Phillips, in addition to ten thousand dollars given during his 
lifetime. This generous bequest, mentioned in the last annual 
report of the Trustees, has been paid by the executors of Mr. 
Phillips's will, during the past year. In like manner the large 
and valuable library of the Kev. Theodore Parker, of which the 
bequest to the Institution was announced in the last annual 
report, lias been received into the building during the past 
twelvemonth. Full justice is done to both of these important 
gifts in the report of the Superintendent. The Trustees will 
only remark in addition, that the library of Mr. Parker, though 
somewhat smaller than was conjecturally stated in their report 
of last year, proves to be more choice and valuable even than 
was anticipated ; while the large fund bequeathed by Mr. Phil- 
lips accrues at a moment when it is much wanted. 

But the Trustees, while thus otfei'ing their grateful acknowl- 
edgments for all these marks of favor and confidence so liberally 
shown to the Institution under their care, feel also that it is a 
duty and a privilege on their part, to congratulate all who have 
contributed to its growth and usefulness, on its present good 
condition and great success ; and to invoke for it the continued 
favor of an enlightened municipal government, as an establish- 
ment in which the city may well take an honest pride, for the 
good which it has done and the credit wliicli it reflects upon the 
community ; commending it at the same time to the liberal and 
protecting good-will of the public at large, for whose welfare 
and progress, intellectual, moral, and religious, it lias been 
founded, and for whose 1)enefit alone it can be rightfully ad- 
ministered. 

In conclusion, the Trustees desire to bear renewed testimony 
to the fidelity of the Superintendent and his associates in tlie dis- 
charge of their respective duties, and they ask leave to add, on 
their own account, tliat they have held thi'ir meetings regularly 
twice in each month, and oftener when needed ; that at least one 
of their number lias visited the Library daily, during the year ; 



PUBLIC LIBKARY. 11 

and that in general they have sought so to watch over its inter- 
ests, as to make it what it should be and what they believe it is, 
— a blessing to the City of Boston. 
All which is respectfully submitted by 

EDWARD EVERETT, 
GEORGE TICKNOR, 
JOHN P. BIGELOW, 
NATHANIEL B. SHURTLEFF, 
WILLIAM W. GREENOUGH, 
E. T. WILSON, 
J. COFFIN JONES BROWN. 
Public Library, 13 November, 1861. 



[A] 
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF EXAMINATION. 



The Committee appointed " to examine the Library and 
make report of its condition to the Trustees," in aceordaneo with 
Sect, 7, of the Ordinance of October 14, 1852, have discharged 
that duty, and make the annexed 

REPORT. 

An examination of the Library discloses the following facts, 
which the Committee have arranged according to the precedents 
observed by their predecessors in ojffice. 

The Books. — The additions made to the Library since it 
was last officially examined, have been as follows : — 

Printed volumes 16,948 

Pamphlets 6,674 

Maps and charts . . . . . . . 151 

PURCHASE FROM INCOME OF TRUST FUNDS AND APPROPRIATIONS. 

Printed volumes ....... 4,649 

Pamphlets 18 

Maps and charts . . . . . . . 151 

DONATIONS INCLUDING THE PARKER BEQUEST. 

Printed volumes 12,299 

Pamphlets ........ 6,656 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 13 

AGGREGATES. 

Total of books and other objects added this year . 23,773 

Total of volumes in the Library .... 97,386 

The Committee would state that the above affs-reo-ates have 
been arrived at by the actual enumeration of the accurate and 
accomplished Superintendent. 

A grateful duty of the Committee is to recognize bequests 
and donations, which are the life of all libraries, and to refer to 
those which have been made to our own since the last examina- 
tion. The rich legacy of that eminent scholar, the Rev. Theo- 
dore Parker, has been enhanced by Mrs. Parker, who, in a spirit 
of noble liberality, has waived all claims upon the books given 
to her by the testament of her late husband. These books, in- 
cluding 11,061 volumes and 3,088 pamphlets, have been placed 
temporarily upon the shelves, but in accordance with the wise 
and expressed wish of the donor, they will probably be kept 
together — a monument of his industry and scholarship. The 
value of this choice library is not to be estimated by the number 
of volumes which it contains. It is a collection made for his 
own use, by a man of great and various erudition, and, in sev- 
eral special departments of human learning, it is uncommonly 
full and curious. 

The Library has continued to receive from abroad substantial 
evidence of the good-will with which it is regarded in the univer- 
sal republic of letters. From the Emperor of the French hate 
been received noble copies of his own works and those of his 
illustrious predecessor ; and the Patent Commissioners of Great 
Britain have added to their previous gifts 68 volumes, of which 
33 are in folio. A reference to the Annual Report of the Su- 
perintendent (Appendix AA.) will show the continuous and un- 
flagging interest felt in the Public Library, not only at home, 
but in other parts of the civilized world. 

The records of the Library show a circulation of the books, 
which must be in the hio-hest decree o-mtifvino- to the friends of 
public intelligence. The following table exliibits the circulation 
during the present and several previous years : — 



14 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 







Ag-gregate, Vole. 


Per diem, At 


1858-59, 


(254 days) 


149,468 


588.4 


1859-60, 


(297 days) 


151,020 


508.5 


1860-61, 


(274 days) 


160,877 


587.1 



GREATEST DAILY LOAN. 

1858-59 — March 5 . . . . 
1859-60 — February 4 . . . . 
1860-61— February 23 



1,335 
1,052 
1,303 



The number of books loaned per diem throughout the last 
year exceeds by 15.5 per cent, and by an aggregate of 9,857 
volumes the loans of the year preceding ; and these loans, in the 
opinion of the Superintendent, will be materially increased by 
tlic opening of the Upper Hall for circulation of the books, 
— most of which can now be borrowed. 

The following additional statements respecting the circulation, 
are presented in a condensed form : — 

New names inscribed during the year 
Total of names inscribed .... 
Books unaccounted for, 5th November, 1861 
Missing books reclaimed, for 1860 
Missing books unreclaimed, for 1860 . 
spooks worn out this year .... 
Books replaced ..... 

Books condemned since opening new building 
Books condemned and replaced 
Duplicates presented to city troops . 
Fines collected this year .... 

The more the affairs of the Institution are investigated and 
understood, the more the Municipal Government will be satis- 
fied with its condition and usefulness. The following facts may 
be relied upon : — 



4,522 


. 22,660 


340 


119 


143 


261 


157 


661 


432 


440 


. $ 81.00 

• i: _-- i 1 1 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



15 



1. By a careful examination concerning the character of the 
books in the Lower Hall of the Library, it appears that there 
are, — 



On American History 

Biography .... 

Foreign books, chiefly works of 
amusement in Fi-ench, German, 
and Italian, more used than 
was anticipated, especially the 
German .... 

Poetry and the Drama . 

Miscellaneous amusing books 

Miscellaneous History . 

Miscellaneous Science and Art 

Novels in English 

Religion and Theology 

Travels .... 



835 vols, or 4.3 per ct. 
2,030 " " 10.3 " « 



1,734 




' 8.8 






1,316 




' 6.7 






2,820 




' 14.4 






1,278 




' 6.5 






2,411 




' 12.3 






4,530 




' 23. 






928 




' 4.7 




" 


1,773 




' 9. 




(( 



19,655 -> 



100.0 



All being in English except the 1,734 in French, German, and 
Italian, as stated above. 

This is believed to be a fair proportion of light literature for 
the popular demand, and probably is as great as a public library, 
which depends on resources furnished to it by the taxes out of 
the City treasury, or by benevolent, public-spirited men who desire 
the improvement rather than the mere amusement of the commu- 
nity, would be justified in purcluising. It is not easy, however, 
to ascertain what the public demand is. But, tliree times within 
the last year a count was made of those who went away without 
books, and the result was that less than 3 per cent, of those 
who applied for books failed, and of these nearly all asked only 
for novels. 



* Tliis niiinbcr tiiken from tlu- sliclf-lists varies, it may be noticed, from tlie 
number actuiiUy u]»on the shelves ; because some of the books worn out or 
lost — mostlysurplus copies — liave not yet been replaced. 



16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. G8. 

Novels are no doubt here, as in all other popular libraries, 
much more asked for tban any other class of books. Twice, 
the proportion was ascertained. The first time, of 440 books 
demanded, 138 were novels; the second time, of 712 books 
desired, 355 were novels. 

It is a serious question how far such a Public Library as that 
of tlie City of Boston shall be made a Library for the circulation 
of novels. 

2. It is desirable that nobody should come to the Library and 
ask for a good and useful book without finding a copy ready ; 
and an approximation may gradually be made to this result. 
But it is not easy to know exactly how to do it. One of the 
Trustees has made an experiment to ascertain it as well as he 
could, at liis own expense. Within the last year, Florence Night- 
ingale's book on healthy houses and good nursing, — Smiles's 
Self Help, — the Life of Amos Lawrence, — the Boy Inventor, — 
the Teacher's Assistant, — and Everett's Life of Washington were 
much asked for, and the gentleman alluded to presented a num- 
ber of copies of each to the library. The following table made 
in April of this year will show, that (though at first, nearly all 
the copies he gave were circulated and used,) there is now 
no permanent and considerable demand for them that can be 
relied upon. Thus, out of 50 copies of Florence Nightingale, 
there were on the shelves, 12 April, 49 copies; of 20 copies of 
Smiles's Self Help, 16; of 10 copies of Lawrence's Life, 10; 
of 20 copies of Everett's Washington, 17 ; of 12 copies of 
Teacher's Assistant, 9. The demand has not increased since. 

As far as these books, therefore, are concerned, — and there are 
few better books, or books more likely to be popular, — the exper- 
iment was a failure. Many copies of them are not wanted. 

Few persons will help the Trustees in this matter, although 
many can do it effectually, and have been asked to do so privately 
and publicly. By Art. 9, of Chap. II. of the By-Laws, everybody 
who does not find that a book belongs to the Library which he 
desires to use, is requested to enter its title in a card furnished 
to him for the very j)urpose, so that the book he needs may be 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 17 

bought. Few, in proportion to the time, have so asked, hut those 
that have asked have had the boolcs they wanted, ordered, unless 
there was some moral or other serious objection to the purchase. 

But this is not all. About a year ago the Trustees caused a 
printed notice to be put into every book lent from tlie Library for 
a fortnight, requesting all persons who could not obtain from the 
Library any book, (except a novel,) which they miglit want, either 
because the book was not in the Library at all, or because there 
were not copies enough in the Library to meet the demand, — re- 
questiug these persons to make its title known by the card always 
ready for the purpose. Several thousand of these notices were 
put into the books. Less than twenty-five books were asked for 
in consequence, and they were all ordered to be bought without 
delay. 

Now if, when people are so earnestly invited to make known 
what books they want, they yet ask for so few, it is sufficient 
proof that the Institution, in this particular, works well. 

3. There is another fact connected with the Library which 
is worth knowing. Many persons take out the first volume of a 
book and tire of it, so that they do not take the, second or sub- 
sequent volumes. Thus of such important and attractive works 
as Motley's Dutch Republic, on a certain day taken at random, 
no first volume was found upon the shelves, but there were six 
copies of the third ; of Bancroft's United States, no copy of the 
first volume was in, but six of the last; of Irving's Washington^ 
three of the first volumes were in,, and eight of the last; of Pres- 
cott's Mexico, three of the first volume were in, and six of the 
last, and so of many others. Now of all these and of all such 
books, the desire has been to keep as many copies as can fairly 
and steadily be circulated, and tlic Trustees want to know what 
are asked for so that they may get them. 

But the truth is, that the success of tlic Library^- so much 
greater than the most sanguine of 'its friends ever anticipated — 
is a sufficient vindication of its efficiency. No library in the 
world was ever so freely opened to the public ; no library was 
ever so much used in a community not larger than ours. This 
3 



18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. GS. 

year, 1861, it is more used tlum it ever was before in the same 
length of time. If anybody can show how it can be made more 
useful, he will bo an excellent friend to the Institution. Es- 
pecially, if anybody will suggest what books ouglit to be bought, 
agreeably to the request already alluded to in the By-Laws, 
Chap. II., Art. i), he will render a true service to the public, 
and help the cultivation and prosperity of this community. 

The Catalogues. — The Committee have the pleasure of re- 
porting the completion of the printed Index to the Upper Hall, 
and think it proper here, to bear this official testimony to the 
skill, learning, industry, and fidelity of the Superintendent of the 
Library. If we consider that the catalogue, at least of all great 
collections, remains to this day a vexatious problem but partially 
solved, and that by the natural increase of libraries, every year 
of delay adds to the difficulty of a convenient and accurate clas- 
sification, we shall then appreciate the labors of Mr. Jewett, and 
of his assiduous assistants, who have in the lusty infancy of our 
institution, providcnl that no unnecessary embarrassment shall 
perplex their successors. A library without a catalogue, if its 
proportions be in the least respectable, is a labyrinth without a 
clue. Its treasures may invite the explorer : but while he is 
compelled to spend the most precious hours of his life in re- 
searches which may at last prove fruitless, the library will be to 
kim merely a mockery and discouragement. The walls of many 
large libraries, could they but speak, might relate a melan- 
choly story of baffled inquiry, and of long and arduous labor 
lost. Books which are not to be found when they are wanted ; 
books which indeed have a nanic, but the local habitation cjT 
which is uncertain, are worth hardly more than the paper upon 
which they are piiut<_'d. The scholars of a coming age will rec- 
ognize, with gratitude, the scientific basis upon which Mr. Jewett 
has founded our Cataloiiue : for such services rendered to litera- 
ture, inestimable as they are, are sure in themselves of a recol- 
loetion coexistent with our own institution, and in truth with all 
<>Teat libraries. Koresicht like that of whicli we have hMd tlie 
advantage, necessary as it is both for the use and tlie preserva- 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 19 

tion of" books, would have saved many an immense collection 
from uselessness, and slow but sure decay. Tiie Public Library 
of Boston, destined from its beginning for the most popular use, 
cannot too often multiply the facilities of research. Convenient, 
though it be not unlimited, access to books is the rigid condition 
of profitable study ; and in almost all branches of culture a wide 
range of reference must do the work rather than mere reading. 
He who is able, in the verification of a date, to save an hour, will 
be able also by that economy of time to prolong and, with the 
best results, to vary his investigations ; and when a student has 
once acquired, which he can only do in a great library with a good 
catalogue, the art of handling books, he is helped onward by a 
dexterity analogous to that of a well-trained mechanic. A sin- 
gle volume may introduce him to many others, and these in turn 
to others still ; until at last he knows all that is to be known, 
within the limits of wisdom, upon a given subject ; and so is pre- 
pared intelligently to pursue his original labors. Our Library, 
much as it would still aiford of innocent entertainment, would 
sink in the estimation of all thoughtful men, did it cease to be 
the scene of earnest and determined study. It is a part of our 
duty to see that the enthusiasm of inquiry is not abated by need- 
less obstructions ; and thafe the very opulence of his resources 
does not deter the young and inexperienced scholar from enter- 
ing upon their possession. Whatever skill and industry can do 
in the preparation of catalogues, we are proud to say has either 
been already attained, or may be reasonably anticipated. If we 
have been fortunate in the collection of books, we have been 
fortunate, too, in their custodian. 

In conclusion, the Committee may be allowed to quote from 
the Report of the Superintendent, the following passage: " It is 
apposite and pleasant to mention here that during this time of 
general anxiety, the Public Library has been found a ready and 
most cheering resource, and has been gratefully recognized as 
such by large numbers of our citizens. Notwithstanding the 
absence of so many who have left the city as soldiers in the 
national armies, the number resorting to the Library lias con- 
stantly and largely increased." 



20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

It is not a part of the duty of the Committee to dwell upon 
the puhlic advantages which are here so lucidly indicated. If it 
were, we might show with ease how noble are the consolations 
which, in this season of apprehension, the Library affords. It 
proffers, indeed, an elevated diversion ; but its ameliorations are 
by no means confined to mere amusement. To a reading class, 
called in this time of public danger, to a discharge of the most 
delicate patriotic duties, it affords the teachings of history, the 
results of human experience, all that is to be learned by obser- 
vation and all that is to be taught by national vicissitudes. The 
soldier who may at any moment be called to the field, may here 
prepare himself for the art of war, so far as theory and example 
may suffice for such preparation. The political servant of the 
State may here find the wisdom, justice, and prudence which make 
its annals priceless. Tlie economist, while civil war is wasting 
the treasures of society, may here acquire that skill which will 
repair its finances. 

It is certainly within the sphere of our office, to remark, that the 
condition of the Public Library is in all respects so favorable to 
its larffcst and best influences. For this we are indebted to the 
munificence of its patrons and the fidelity of its keepers. Its past 
has been prosperous almost beyond precedent ; and we accept its 
good fortune as of good omen. As it has grown, so we may hope 
that it will continue to increase, not merely numerically, but iu a 
still ascending ratio of religious and intellectual blessings. We 
take surety of our descendants for their fidelity to all that is 
manly and womanly, for all that adorns our race and makes 
society permanent and prosperous, when we send down to them 
the teachings of science, the record of our race, the refinements 
of art, and the elegant diversions of literature. 
ELISHA T. WILSON, 
EDWIN C. BAILEY, 

JOSHUA D. BALL, l committee of 

JACOB M. MANNING, ( Examination. 

WILLIAM B. ROGERS, 
STEPHEN N. STOCKWELL, . 



► 



[B] 
SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. 



To THE Trustees of the Public Library of the City of 
Boston. 

Gentlemen: In obedience to the third article of the second 
chapter of the " By-Laws relative to the Trustees and Officers of 
tlie Public Library," I beg leave to present to you the following 

E E P E T 

upon the condition of the Library, and its increase during the 
year ending the first of November, 18G1. 

I am happy to be able to say, in general terms, that the year 
has been one of remarkable prosperity to the Library, in the 
augmentation of its resources by donations and bequests ; in the 
perfecting of its organization ; in the publication of the Index to 
the Upper Hall ; and in the enlargement of its practical useful- 
ness, as evinced by the grateful testimony of its frequenters and 
the increased and constantly increasing number of persons resort- 
ing to it for purposes of study and research, as well as for the 
borrowing of books for home readino^. 

During the year, 16,948 books, 6,674 pamphlets, and 151 maps 
and charts have been added to the Library. Of tliese, 4,649 
books, 18 pamphlets, and 151 maps and charts liave been pur- 
chased from the proceeds of the invested funds, and from ajipro- 
priations by the city government. The reniiiinder consisting of 
12,29!) books, with 6,656 pami)hh^ts, and including the library 
of Mr. Parker, have been presented. 



22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. G8. 

Hitherto, the statement of the number of books belonging to 
the library has been procured for the annual report by adding 
the accessions of each yea'' to the number reporteu the pr'evious 
year. In my report for 1859, I stated, that v.ben the books 
should all be arranged in ^heir proper places upon the shelves 
and counted, considerable discrepancy might be expected between 
the aggregate obtained, as heretofore, from the accessions' cata- 
logue and tliat obtained by an actual count of the books. The 
principal sources of the variation are the binding of works in a 
different immber of volumes from that in which they were pur- 
eliased or presented, and in the loss and wearing out of books 
once upon the shelves and not replaced, 

I am this year able to give the number of volumes in the 
whole Library, from an actual counting of the books, namely : 

In the Upper Hall 64,156 

In the Lower Hall 19,161 

Duplicates and odd volumes . . . 3,008 

The Tarker Library 11,061 

97,386 

From the above enumeration, it will be understood that all 
books lost or worn out and not replaced have been excluded. 

About 500 volumes of bound pamphlets are however included. 
They contain not less than 7,000 separate works, each of which is» 
recorded distinctly under its author's name, in the catalogue, and 
in the printed index. Besides the last named pamphlets, which 
are fully iiieorporaled into the Libi'ai-y, there are, belonging to 
the institution, 27,381 unbound pamphlets, nearly all of which 
have been assorted into classes and catalogued upon slips. It is 
proposed, from time to time as ooportunity and funds may allow, 
to select from these such as may appropriately be bound together 
or such as are of sufficient value to be bound separately, and thus 
place them upon the shelves as books. Meantime, it is impor- 
tant to observe, they are so arranged aud indexed as to be readily 
accessible, but in their present form, it is obvious, tliey cannot 
safely be exposed to much use. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 23 

By far the largest and most valuable of all the donations of 
books, excepting tliut of Mr. Bates, which the Public Libiary has 
yet received, is the collection bequeatlicd by the Rev. Theodore 
Parker. Mention was made of ihis bequest in the last report. 
The execmors of IMr. Parker had communicated to the city gov- 
ernment Mrs. Parker's generous waiver of the right, given to her 
under her husband's will, to retain the Library or change its des- 
tination, and they had formally transferred the property. But 
the books could not be removed immediately. They were not 
brought to the Library till the month of June last. But, in the 
mean time, tbe whole collection was carefully examined and a list 
of the books made upon slips by one of the assistants in the 
Library, Mr. Auerbach, who has since that period been occupied 
in making out the full catalogue upon cards. 

The books are now placed upon the shelves temporarily. Mr. 
Parker's will does not indeed require, but it indicates a decided 
preference, that the Library should be kept together, and, even 
were this not the case, it would not probably be thought desira- 
ble to scatter to difierent parts of the building, a Library of such 
a character, received in such a manner. The work of making 
the full catalogue with tlie cross-references, cannot probably be 
finished for several months, and the permanent location of the 
books npon the shelves must be delayed till after the finishing 
of the catalogue. 

This Library contains 11,001 volumes, and 3,088 pamphlets. 
It is altogether a remarkable collection, one which it is difficult 
fairly to characterize in a few sentences, or to represent by speci- 
mens. It exhibits a wide field of scholarship, and shows a won- 
derful and minute faudliarity with various ch^})artmonts. Those 
of theology and metaphysics, ethics, history, and modern litera- 
ture might be expected to be full, but those of the Greek and 
Latin classics and of the civil law are equally so; while many 
other depaitments of knowledge are well represented, and in 
every direction are to be found monuments of curious and recon- 
dite learning. Of course many of the common books which every 
person of wide culture must have around him are to be found 



24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

in ibis collection, and also the literary waifs which come to every 
public man, but it is certainly remarkable how small a number 
of duplicates this large accession brings to our Library. 

In books of reference, such as lexicons, vocabularies, and gram- 
mars, bibliographical dictionaries, gazetteers and atlases, the Li- 
brary is very rich. There are more than fifty lexicons of various 
languages. For bulky and voluminous collections it is hardly 
to be expected that a private house can furnish room, and it is 
for these that scholars look principally to public institutions, but 
Mr. Parker's Library contained such works as Mignc's Patrolo- 
gia, the Bibliotheca maxima veterum patrum, Ersch and Gruber's 
Encyclopaedia, and not a few other similar works. 

It is in truth a most valuable, important, and interesting ad- 
dition to the treasures of the Public Library, rendered more so 
by the fact now known to us, that Mr. Parker while year by year 
he was gathering it, kept its final destination steadily in view'.' 

During the year, 242 persons and p.ublic bodies have testified 
their good- will to the Library by presenting books and pam- 
phlets, many of which are of much value and interest. 

A list of the donors is appended to this report, marked AA. 
Among them we are happy to call attention to the name of the 
present Emperor of the French, who has twice remembered the^ 
institution by presenting to it first a copy of the noble edition 
of the works of Napoleon I. from the imperial press, and after- 
wards a superb copy of his own works. 

Our continued acknowledgements are due also to the English 
Commissioners of Patents, tor the presentation during the year 
of 68 additional volumes of their magnificent publications — 33 
of which are of plates in folio. 

The increase of the permanent funds of the Library by the be- 
quest of $ 20,000 from the Hon. Jonathan Phillips in addition to 
the $ 10,000 given during his lifetime, and of $ 4,000 from Messrs. 
William Minot and William Minot, Jr., as executors of the will of 
Miss Mary P. Townsend, in tliis particular fully justify the re- 
mark which I made at the beginning ot this report, that the year 
had been one of remarkable prosperity to the Library. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 25 

The Library lias been open during tbc year 274 days, ana 
160,877 applications for books to be taken from the Lower Hall 
have been answered, making a daily average of 587. L Last 
year the Library was open 297 days, and the aggregate circula- 
tion was 151,020, making a daily average of 508.5. The pre- 
vious year was the first in the new building, and the Library 
was open only 254 days, with an aggregate circulation of 
149,468, and a daily average of 588.4. The greatest number 
of books taken out any day this year was 1,303, on the 23d 
February — last year 1,052, on the 4th February — the year 
previous 1335, on the 5th March. 

This surely will be regarded as a very satisfactory statement. 
The number of books lent out is considerably larger than for 
any previous year, and the daily average circulation is only 
one less than in any former report, and, if the issues from the 
Upper Hall during the few weeks it has been open for lending 
the books be taken into the account, the daily average will also 
be larger than ever before. The decrease of the circulation, 
last year, was, it is now evident, only temporary, and arose from 
other causes than any diminished interest or confidence in the 
library, or any failure in its arrangements for the accommoda- 
tion of the public. 

The above statistics relate only to the Lower Hall. The ag- 
gregate circulation will doubtless be increased hereafter by the 
issues from the Upper Hall, now containing over 74,000 vol- 
umes, most of which can be borrowed for home use. Books were 
lent out from this part of the Library as soon as the arrange- 
ments for so doing could be completed and the number of bor- 
rowers has day by day increased ; but the earliest time when it 
was possible to lend out the books was so near to the period of 
the annual examination required by law, that it was thought best 
not to give special notice of opening, and to date the activity of 
this branch as a circulating library from the reopening of the 
building. It should be remarked, however, in tliis connection, 
that no such circulation can be expected as in the Lower Hall, 
because all the books, which it was supposed would bo most fre- 

4 



26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

quently called for have been uniformly, and for that special rea- 
son, placed below, and will continue so to be placed. It should 
also be stated that the Upper Hall has been freely open for the 
consultation of books, during the whole time that tlie Index to 
its contents has been in press, and that it has been nuu-h used. 
Some persons have been in the lial)it of spending several hours 
each day for months, in study and investigation among its 
treasures. 

The extensive circulation of the books among all classes of 
the community, is a remarkable and most pleasing feature of this 
institution. The great design of the establishment of a free 
Public Library, was to scatter its benefits among the homes of 
the people, and this design it has nobly fulfilled, and to an ex- 
tent of which its earliest and most sanguine friends did not 
dream. This result is sure. It is also conspicuous, and easily 
exhibited in statistics. 

Cut the other high purpose of the Library, rendering it the 
complement of the great system of public instruction for wliich 
Boston has so long and so justly been distinguished — that namely 
of making public, and entirely free provision for the widest intel- 
lectual culture — has not been forgotten nor ever neglected. Mr. 
Bates and other donors of permanent funds wisely stipulated that 
the proceeds of their endowments should be expended for books 
of solid and standard worth. The appropriations of the city 
government could thus be devoted to the purchase of books of 
immediate popularity, and interest. 

I would not by any means intimate that the bulk of the circu- 
lation is not of standard and valuable books. On the contrary, I 
believe that, in this respect, were it practicable to classify the 
issues, it would be seen that the proportion of books of real and 
solid worth which have been distributed, — books of history, biog- 
raphy, travels, and science, — is larger here than in any other 
lending library, and that this proportion is annually increasing. 

So remarkable, however, is this circulation of the books, that 
we may be in danger of exhibiting it so prominently as to do in- 
justice to the institution, by conveying the impression that its 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 27 

scope is more limited than it really is, and that its results are 
less permanent and valuable than showy and ephemeral. I have 
even heard the great result of the Library stated to be the lending 
of so many thousand volumes a year at a total cost to the city of 
so many thousand dollars. It is easy to see that such statements 
rest on a great misapprehension of the character of the Library, 
and involve much injustice to its purposes and resources ; for, in 
the first place, the circulating of books is but one way in which a 
library is useful ; and, in the second place, only a fraction of the 
expense of the library is immediately connected with the circu- 
lation. 

More persons visit this library daily for other important pur- 
poses than for borrowing books for home i>se. The reading room 
is open daily thirteen hours. Its tables are supplied with one 
hundred and fifty of the best magazines and reviews in the world, 
and it is visited daily by hundreds of readers, intent as any one 
can see, from their quiet manner and steady application, upon 
substantial mental improvement. 

The large library iu the Upper Hall, too, is never without stu- 
dents, some of them with a large number of books open before 
them for comparison and minute investigation. The books of 
reference are in almost constant demand. Daily visits are made 
to the building for settling a single fact or ascertaining a date ; 
items which seem slight, but which may be of immense impor- 
tance. Of one set of books belonging to the Library, the Specifi- 
cations of Eno:lish Patents, I am able to state that it has been 
consulted, since December last, by seventy-one different persons, 
often by the same person several days and even weeks in suc- 
cession. How great may be the pecuniary interests involved in 
these researches I cannot of course say, but they have often been 
represented to be of considerable magnitude. 

It should be borne in mind when estimating the relative im- 
portance of the lending out of books and of their use within the 
building, tliat institutions like the British Museum and the Astor 
Library, universally conceded to be among the nu)st useful in the 
world, never allow their books to be taken from the building. 



28 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

If the sole criterion of the excellence of a library is the num- 
her of its lentlings, then is the smallest circulating library more 
valuable and useful than the British Museum. The Trustees 
could doubtless increase the circulation almost indefinitely, if they 
could divert the funds to buying only the last novelties in litera- 
ture, in hundreds or thousands of copies — cither piling them up 
after a few weeks' use in dead masses which would soon fill several 
buildings like this, or selling, generally for mere nominal sums, 
books which wore bought in the first fiush of their success and of 
course at their best prices. The owners of circulating libraries 
are paid for the use of their books. The great glory of the free 
library is that it is free. It could not therefore demand money 
for the use of its books, and what it would receive from the sale 
of copies no longer desired by borrowers, would be but a fraction 
of their cost. It is easy therefore to see that although an indi- 
vidual who gives out books on hire may make an immense estab- 
lishment, like Mudie's in London, profitable, competition in such 
business by the city would be in the last degree preposterous, to 
say nothing of the fact that, for the purpose of oflering mere 
gratification to one class of the community, it would deprive all 
others of the great and truly substantial and permanent benefits 
of a real library ; one where every citizen educated in our public 
schools aud appreciating knowledge, though he be poor and 
unable to purchase books for himself, may find not only lighter 
productions of the press for reading and recreation, but also 
works which have stood the test of time — of a few years or of 
many centuries — and which embody the thoughts, the facts, the 
arts, the principles, that have produced, that sustain, and that 
alone can advance civilization. 

But although mere extent of circulation is not the only test of 
the usefulness of a library, still in an establishment like this, pos- 
sessing books carefully selected for their intrinsic value as well 
as their immediate interest, a wide distribution of tliem for home 
use, is a very striking, important, and beneficent object, and one 
which should not be abandoned nor depreciated upon any hasty 
and inaccurate estimate of its exj)ensiveness. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 29 

If any one desires to know what the circulation of our books 
actually costs, he must ascertain what it would cost to sustain 
such a library withput lending the books, and deduct this sum 
from the whole amount now expended. The difference would be 
found to bo but a fraction of the whole annual expenditure. The 
cost and value of this part of the service may be separately esti- 
mated and considered. If the benefits of the circulation are not 
thought to be sufiicient to compensate for the outlay and incon- 
venience, the books can all be retained within the building and 
great permanent blessings still be dispensed from the institution. 
But I have no fear that, so long as the results continue to be 
such as they have thus far been, it will by any one be seriously 
proposed to abolish the circulation, though it should cost many 
times what it actually does. 

A strenuous and persevering effort has been made to furnish 
all truly valuable books in numbers sufficient to meet the perma- 
nent demand. Persons desiring books and being disappointed 
in finding them are invited by one of the printed rules and have 
repeatedly been requested in other ways to make known their 
wants, and I believe that in every case the book has been pur- 
chased, unless there were some special reason for its rejection. 

I desire also to say, that examinations made for a week at a 
time at three different periods during the year, establish the fact 
that the number of applicants who leave the library without a book, 
is reduced to less than three per cent., and nearly all of these it 
is believed asked only for common novels. This is a remarkable 
fact, when it is considered that nearly 600 cards are presented 
daily for books, and that almost all the disappointment is con- 
fined to those who ask for books which can easily be -procured 
elsewhere. 

The library is visited daily by more than 1,000 persons for 
literary or scientific purposes, and it is certainly matter for con- 
gratulation if not more than 20 or 30 of these find their visits 
fruitless ; particularly if the object of these 20 or 30 is of no 
greater consequence than has been mentioned. 

It is apposite and pleasant to mention here that during this 



30 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 08. 

time of general anxiety the Public Library has been found a 
ready and most cheering resource and has been gratefully 
recognized as such by very large numbers of our citizens. 
Notwithstanding the absence of so many as liave left the city 
for service in the national armies, the number resbrting^to the 
library has constantly and largely increased. 

It will also be gratifying to many of our citizens to know that 
the various missionary, cliaritable, and sanitary enterprises con- 
ducted witliin tlie citv liave derived and acknowledo-ed much 
assistance from the library. 

During the year, 4,522 new names have been inscribed upon 
the Register, making a total of 22,660 who have secured the 
privileges of the Library by subscribing a promise to conform 
to its rules and regulations, this being the only condition 
required. 

The large circulation which has been reported has not been 
attained without some loss and injury of books. It is impossible 
to give at present an exact statement of the number actually 
lost, inasmuch as full returns of notices issued have not yet been 
received. The number of books unaccounted for, to-day, is 340, 
which will doubtless be considerably diminished within a few 
days; 119 of the 262 books reported missing last year have 
since been recovered. Tlie final loss this year will not perhaps 
vary materially from the average of former years. 

About 81 dollars have been collected in fines, and tliis sum 
would go far towards replacing the books which liavc been 
lost. 

Tlie number of books worn out this year in the service is 261, 
of which- 1 57 have been replaced. The whole number condemned 
as no longer fit for use since opening the library in this building, 
is 661. Of these, 432 have been replaced. 

Four hundred and forty duplicates were by special permission 
of the City Council, sent in June last to troops from the city of 
Boston in the service of the United States, and Ave have received 
assurances that they proved acceptable and useful. 

The fourth Supplement to the Index of the Lower Hall, con- 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 31 

taining 1,382 volumes placed on the shelves of that department 
since last December, is printed, and will be ready for distribution 
on the reopening of the Library. 

The library was closed for the annual examination on the 21st 
of October, and in consequence of the repairs in progress under 
the direction of the Committee of the City Council on Public 
Buildings, it cannot safely be opened before Monday next, the 
11th of November. 

The organization of the Library may now be considered com- 
plete. The system of administration in all respects is established. 
It is gratifying to be able to say that it works well. The multi- 
farious operations continually in progress move forward with reg- 
ularity and harmony. No arrears accumulate, and it is believed 
no part of the business is slighted. It has required vigorous and 
persevering exertion, to select, purchase, arrange, catalogue, 
and to prepare and print the Index, and at the same time allows 
the free use of the books, and keep up an immense circulation of 
them. The great struggle and the great expense were, however, 
at the outset, and have now in a good degree been met. Hence- 
forward, it will be a comparatively easy task to keep the collec- 
tion in order and to incorporate accessions, except when, as during 
the present year, we are so fortunate as to receive a large library 
at once by bequest. 

The account of the Library for the year would not be full with- 
out recording the completion of the printed Index to the Upper 
Hall. The Catalogue and Index with all the other apparatus for 
the right ordering and proper care of the Library, the Accessions 
Catalogue, the Card Catalogue, the abbreviated titles upon slips 
and the Shelf-lists, with the purpose and necessity of each, have 
been repeatedly described in the various reports of the Trustees 
and Examinino- Committees, and in those which I have had the 
honor to ])resent. Yet it may perhaps be thought proper to state 
at this time, in some detail, the principles upon which they have 
been constructed, and the design which has, from the commence- 
ment of the library, been kept steadily in view, with respect to 
the furnishing of ample means for rendering all accumulations 
in the highest degree useful to the public. 



32 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 

The Catalogue proper is in manuscript, upon cards of uniform 
size, arranged in compact and convenient order for daily use. 
These cards contain, in one alphabetical series, the titles in full, 
under the names of authors, with cross-references from the 
names of subjects treated of, and from important catch words of 
titles. Contents of collections are set fortli with fulness and care. 
Each article of the contents is also entered on a card under its 
author's name. Cross-references are frequently made from the 
subjects of separate articles. Bibliographical notes are often ap- 
pended to titles. In short, every etfort has been made to render 
this card catalogue such as to meet as far as could reasonably be 
expected, tlie wants of every investigator. It is connected, too, 
by a system of numbering with the subsidiary records of tlie 
Library, (such as the Accessions' Catalogue, the Shelf Lists and 
the Fund-books,) so that reference to them is easy for all addi- 
tional information which they can give. Nothing short of what 
this card catalogue is in its plan, can ever be regarded as en- 
tirely satisfactory for a great public library. Less extensive 
provisions are frequently found to be defective, — sometimes la- 
lamentably defective. But such a catalogue, remaining in man- 
uscript, is necessarily of very restricted accessibility. If printed 
entire it would be, even for a library no larger than this, too 
bulky and expensive for wide circulation. 

These considerations dictated the plan of the printed Index, 
designed to otfer to the public, in form not too large for conven- 
ience, and with such an arrangement as can easily be understood, 
the most important facilities for research. Its preparation con- 
sisted in the selection, abridgment, and arrangement of materi- 
als furnished by the card catalogue, which is, and must remain, 
the basis of all helps to the use of this library. The guiding 
and controlling princi'ple in the construction of this Index was 
the practical convenience of the thousands (some of them not 
well versed in the processes of investigation) who Avere to use 
the books. To this principle all bibliographical theories and 
systems have been hehl subordinate. But a strenuous etfort was 
still made not entirely to lose sight of anything deemed essential 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 33 

to a o'ood catalogue. The words of the titles which are retained 
after the abridgment, are the very words of the book itself, 
their order and grammatical dependence being, except in rare 
instances, unchanged. Deviations are indicated by the use of 
brackets. 

The work purports to be rather an Index than a Catalogue. 
The titles are abridged as much as was deemed allowable, but 
the contents of collections are liberally displayed, and have also 
been entered under their authors' names ; because the several 
works in such collections might almost as well not be in the 
library as not to be set forth in the catalogue. A limit must 
indeed be placed to the application of this principle, — a limit 
which it is frequently impossible to determine by rule, and 
which must often be left to the best judgment that can be given 
to each case as it occurs. 

Uniformity in this matter would require either the entire rejec- 
tion of contents, or their admission in many cases where they 
will not be found. If the reason for rejection is not always ap- 
parent, the benefit of admission will at least not be questioned. 
The contents of periodicals have not been admitted. They are 
too voluminous, most of the series have copious and well ar- 
ranged indexes, and tlie excellent general work of Mr. Poole 
covers the most important part of the field. 

The transactions of learned societies ought indeed to be thus 
catalogued. But the task would be very great, the persons to 
consult them comparatively few, and the guides to their use 
furnished by Reuss and others, to be found in the Library, are 
very elaborate, and well known to those interested in scientific 
pursuits. Besides, the sets belonging to the Public Library 
are not all perfect, and many important series are entirely 
wanting. 

It is matter of special regret that the contents of the Docu- 
ments of the City of Boston and of the State of Massachusetts 
could not be given at length. But the sets in the Public Library 
are too deficient in the early volumes to make it, for the pres- 
ent, possible. It is hoped, however, that ere long the sets may 



34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. C8. 

be made complete, and tliat the contents may in an early 
supplement, or in some subsequent edition of tlie index, be fully 
exhibited. 

The indexes to the Sessional Papers of the British Parliament, 
and, to the Congressional Documents of the United States might 
not indeed be expected in such a publication, where, however, 
from the space they occupy, they constitute a prominent feature. 
These series, comprising more than 3,000 volumes, form in mass 
no inconsiderable portion of the Library. They contain reports 
and papers of great value. The need of some small and conven- 
ient guide to their almost buried contents has been widely felt, 
and has been especially noticed here, on account of the fulness 
of our sets and of the position of this Library. Indeed, were it 
only to save the time which would here be required for directing 
research among these documents it would have been worth the 
labor of making these indexes. But it is believed they will 
be found of use to readers not only in this Library but in 
others. 

I feel solicitous, however, that the plan in this particular 
should not be misunderstood nor judged by an unfair standard. 
An index to these voluminous documents, satisfactory in all re- 
spects, it were preposterous to expect within the limits of a few 
pages. What has been attempted is an alphabetical arrange- 
ment of the subjects of those classes of papers which are of 
public and permanent interest, with such references as are appli- 
cable to all sets of these works, — the whole condensed to the 
utmost. 

A perfect index to these papers would make many volumes 
each larger than tlie one which the Trustees liave been been able 
to otter to the public for the books in the Upper Hall. 

With regard to the whole subject of documents and of publica- 
tions requiring much labor and room for their appropriate exhi- 
bition, it may be well to suggest, tliat when the Library shall 
have become so large that its cataloo-ue cannot be contained in a 
single volume, these topics may appropriately be s('[)arated from 
the titles of books and be brought together in a supplement by 
themselves. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 35 

In this Lidox, as in tlio catalogue upon cards, the books are 
recorded, not only under the names of their autliors, hut also, 
in the briefest form and without imprint, under tlie English 
words denoting their subjects, and often besides under important 
catch words of the titles. 

Authors of the same name are carefully discriminated. Al- 
though initials, only, of Christian names could be given, these 
are, it is hoped, exact, and in the vernacular of the authors. 

The names of authors and the words denoting subjects are 
arranged in one alphabet. A system of classification, however, 
runs through the whole grouping of the titles by subjects. It is 
not intended to be conspicuous, and the usefulness of any part 
does not depend upon a previous study of the whole, or of any 
bibliographical system. But, it may be well to state in this con- 
nection, that the general principle adopted was to place the books 
under the most specific subjects expressed or indicated in the 
titles, and to avoid as far as possible all inconvenience, by re- 
ferring to all other words used as headings intimately connected 
with the word at the head of the article, whether as synonyms 
or as the names of branches of the general subject. No refer- 
ences were made from specific to general headings. For example, 
under the word Natural Philosophy reference would be made to 
Physics, as a synonymous word, and to Magnetism as a branch 
of physics, but not from magnetism to physics, (a more generic 
term), because it might fairly be supposed, that any one wish- 
ing to know all the library contained upon magnetism would 
know that the subject would be treated in general works upon 
pliysics. And although it might also be true, tliat every one 
would know that magnetism is one of the branches of physics, it 
might still be a branch not represented by any separate book in 
the library, and therefore its name might not appear as a head- 
ing in the index. Reference would be made only to such 
branches as are represented in the library by monographs. 

Pamphlets are not, for the most part, included among the 
works grouped by subjects. They are generally recorded but 
once, and then under the name of the author. Nor arc the 



36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 08. 

separate articles contained in collections placed under their 
subjects, but only as contents under the general title of the 
collection, and as works under the names of their respective au- 
thors. They are however included as subjects within the plan 
of the Card Cataloo-ue. 

Entire uniformity and unfailing good judgment and accuracy 
in the execution of such a work are not to be expected, espe- 
cially where the details are of necessity intrusted to many hands. 
It is needful here to state only what has been aimed at and with 
faithfulness pursued. 

In bringing to a close the protracted labors, the result of which 
is exhibited in the printed indexes, it is impossible to avoid a 
painful sense of irregularities and imperfections in the work. 
They will find most charity from those who have themselves 
attempted similar tasks. 

Those who think that a work to be used by so many should be 
trustworthy for all, and who at the same time can appreciate the 
labor implied in its execution, will surely ask no apology for 
time occupied in making it. 

Whilst the Index has been in press, and particularly within 
the last six months, a large number of books have been received, 
whose titles could not be printed in their proper alphabetical 
order. It will soon, therefore, be necessary to issue supplements. 
One may perhaps be devoted to the Parker Library. But neither 
the time required for their preparation nor the size of the sup- 
plements will bear the same proportion to the number of books 
recorded, as in the Index already printed, in which have been set 
forth the contents of most of the great and voluminous collections 
constituting the first acquisitions and the most important posses- 
sions of every great public library. 

In concluding this report, I am happy to bear witness, as 
heretofore, to the industry, efficiency, and zeal of those who have 
been employed in the library under my direction. I am also 
proud to say that the year has witnessed no disorderly conduct 
of any kind among the hundreds of thousands who have visited 
tlie building, and that no force nor sliow of force has been found 



PUBLIC LIBRAKY. 37 

in any instance necessary to secure this good order. Indeed, 1 
think there is no one of the puhlic institutions of Boston, numer- 
ous and distinguished as they are, to which at any hour of any 
day, a citizen may introduce a stranger with greater confidence 
that in this respect, at least, our city Avill compare favorably 
with any other in the world, particularly while he can state 
that a decade has not elapsed since the first foundations of the 
Library were laid. 

I present herewith a statement, marked BB, of the expendi" 
turcs of the Library for the year ending 1 November, 18G1. 
Ecspectfully submitted, 

C. C. JEWETT, 

Su^J erintendent 
5 NovemI)e7% 18G1. 



[AA] 
LIST OF DONORS.. 



Bates, Joshua, London, interest 
Bigelow, Hon. John P., interest 
Lawrence, Hon. Abhott, interest 
Phillips, Hon. Jonathan, interest 
Townsend, Mary P., interest 



^3,000 00 

60 00 

GOO 00 

1,800 00 

240 00 



Adams, Charles F., Hon. . 

Adams, Sampson & Co. 

Akins, Thomas B,, Halifax, N. S. 

American Assoc, for the Adv't of Science 

Ames, J. W 

Andrews, William S. . . . 
Anonymous ..... 
Appleton, William, Hon. 
Appleton, William, Jr. 
Appleton, William S. . 
Appleton, Wis., Lawrence University . 
Atwood, Charles .... 

Balfour, David M 

Baltimore, J\Id. Historical Society . 
Barnard, Charles F., lie v. '6 Papers . 
Barnard, James M. . . . 

Bartlett, J. R., Hon., Providence, II. I. 
Bates, Samuel P. . 
Berk.shire Medical Journal 

Blaikie, A., Rev 

Bhxnchard, Charles L. . . . 
Boltwood, Lucius M., Hon., Amlicrst 
Bond, G. P., Cambridge 



Vols. 

44 

2 
1 
2 
1 

9 



Tracts. 
1 



25 
1 

1 

2 

1 

9 



PUBLIC LIBRAEY. 



39 



Boston, City of ..... . 

Boston, Amcr. Unitarian Association . 

Boston Boo Printing Company 

Boston Board of Trade .... 

Boston, Bnnkor Hill Monument Association 
Boston Daily Courier, John Clark & Co. 
Boston Daily Evening Traveller, Wortliington 
& Flanders ...... 

Boston Gas Light Company. 48 Papers 
Boston, Warren St. Chapel .... 

Bottield, Beriah Hon., M. P., Eng. . 

Bowditch, Henry L, M. D 

Bowditch, Nathaniel I. . . . . 
Boyd, Francis . . . . * . 

Bradford, Charles F 

Bradlee, Caleb Davis, Eev. 5 MSS. 
Brigham, Charles H., Eev., Taunton . 
Brockhaus, F. A., Leipzig .... 

Brooklyn, N. Y 

Brown, Francis H. ..... 

Brown, Obadiah, Trustees, by Stephen A. Chase, 

Browne, C. A. and A. G 

Bullard, William S 

Burnham, T. 0. H. P 

Burrouglis, Henry, Jr., Eev. .... 
Cambridge, Harvard College 
Cambridge, Harvard College Observatory 
Cambrido-e, Harvard Magazine . 
Cambridge, England ..... 

Channing, Walter, U.J) 

Christcrn, F. W., New York .... 
Cincinnati, 0., Mechanics Listitute 
■ Cincinnati Young Men's Mercantile Lib. Asso. 
Clapp, David. 100 Papers .... 
Clark, Henry, Poultney, Vt. 
Cleveland, Charles D., Prof., Philadelphia 
Coggeshall, Wm. T., Columbus, 0. 
Cogswell, Joseph G., LL. D., Astor Library , 
Colcord, S. M. . 
Collins, G. L., Providence, E. T. . 
Comer, George N. 
Concord, IMass., Scliool Committee 
Copeland, Elisha ...... 



Vols. 

U 

1 

1 
1 

2 

2 
4 
1 
1 
1 
1 
5 
1 
6 



2 

1 

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13 

25 



2G 
1 
4 
1 

4 

8 



Tracts. 

18 
14 



11 
1 

1 
1 



1 

2240 

6 
253 

1 



1 

3y 



40 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 



Crowninshiold, F. B., Hon. 

Cunningliani, James, Esq., Edinburgh 

Curtis, Josiah, M. D. 

Dall Caroline H., Mrs. . 

Dana, Kichard H., Jr., Esq. 

Dench, Lawsou B. . 

Dennet, William H. . 

Day, Albert .... 

Dennis, George C. . . . 

Detroit ]\licli. Young IMen's Society 

Duane, Deborah, Mrs., Philadelphia 

Durkce, Silas, M. D. . 

Dutton, E. P. & Co. . . 

Edinburgh lloyal Society 

Edmands, John, Philadelphia 

Eliot, Samuel A., Hon. . 

Everett, Edward, Plon. 241 Papers 

Earnham, Luther, Rev. . 

FliUtich G. H. 26 Papers. 

Eorbes, P.. B. 

Ford, William E., Mrs. . 

Fricse, Frederic 

Gengembre, P. W. 

Gilpin, H. D., Mrs. 

Gloucester, Mass. 

Graham, J. D., Lieut. Col. 

Great Britain, Commissioner of Patents 

Great Britain, Lords of the Admiralty 

Green, Samuel A., M. D. . 

Grecnough, William W. 158 Papers 

Grigsby,' H. B 

Guild, lleuben A., Providence, R. L 
Hall, Charles B. . . . 

Hall, D. W 

Hall, AV. AY., M. D., New York . 

Hanaford, L. B. . 

Hanover, N. H., Dartmouth College 

Harthill, Alex. 20 Papers . 

Hartshorn, John 

Homer, George .... 

Hooper, llobert C. . . . 

Jackson, James, ]M. D. . 

Jarvis, Edward, M, D., Dorchester 



Vols. 

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1 

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PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



41 



Jewett, C. C 

Kaliscli, L, Rev. 

Keep, S. Hamilton, M. D. 

Kirk, E. N., Rev., D. D. . 

Lamson, Alvan, D. D., Rev., Dedham 

Lamson, Edwin 

Lawrence, Abbott .... 

Lawrence, T. Bigelow. 45 Charts 

Lawrie, Thomas, Rev. . 

Livermore, George, Cambridge . 

Liverpool, Eng., Literary and Philos. Society 

London, Eng., British Museum . 

London. Royal Astronomical Society 

London. Royal Geographical Society 

London. Sec. of the Chetham Society . 

Loring, Charles G. . 

Loring, E. W 

Loring, James S. . . . . 

Lowell City Library .... 
Lyell, Sir Charles, London 

McClean, Abby M 

McClean, Selina W 

Marsh, Professor, Burlington, Vt. . 
Massachusetts, State of . 
Massachusetts Bank Commissioners 
Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati 

May, Abby W 

Meade, George C, Capt. . 

Minot, William, Hon. .... 

Moore, Charles W 

Moran, Benjamin ..... 
Morris, John G., Rev., D. D., Baltimore 

Morton, N. B 

Napoleon III., L'Empereur 
New Bedford Free Library 
Newburyport Public Library 
Newport, R. L, Redwood Library . 
New York Christian Inquirer 
New York Cooper Union 
New York IMercantile Library Association, 
New York Commissioners of Emigration 
New York State Tiibrary 
Nichols, D. B., Rev. . 
6 



Vols. 
1 

2 
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1 
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1 

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14 

4 

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64 

2 

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42 



CITY DOCUMENT. — No. G8. 



Nisbi't, James & Co. . . . . . 

Oliio State Library ..... 

Oliver, Andrew, Rev., Bellows Falls, A'^eniioiit, 
Oliver, F. E., M. D. . . . 

Ormerod, George, Esq., London, Eng. 
Palaseiano, F., Naples, Italy . 
Perry, Bela C. . . .^ . 

Parker, IL-nry T., London, Eng. 
Parker, Joel, Hon. .... 

Parker, Theodore, Rev. . 

Parker, T. M 

Parknian, John, IMrs. 
Parsons, LTsher, M. D., Providence, R. L 
Philadclpliia, American Philos. Society 
Philadel})hia Library Company . 
Pliiladeli)hia, Society for Alleviating the Mis- 
eries of Prisoners .... 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Mercantile Library Assoc. . 
Preston, J. P. 

Providence, R. L, City of . 
Providence Athenaeum .... 
Providence, Grand Lodge of R. L 
Providence. Butler Hospital for the Insane 
Providence, R. L Medical Society 
Quincy, Eliza S., . 
Quincy, Josiah, Hon. 
Rice, Alexander H., Hon. 
Richardson, James B. 
Rogers, Warren A. 
Russell, J. L, . 
Russell & Tolman. 20 Papers 
Salem, Essex Listitute 
San Francisco, Cal., Mercantile Library Assoc, 
Shaw, Benjamin S., M. D. . 
Shurtlelf, Nathaniel B., M. D. 
Slade, Daniel D., M. D. . 
Small, Willard . 
Smith, Charles C. 
Smith, Samuel, Worcester 
Snow, Edwin M., Providence 
Soule, Richard, Jr. 
South Dan vers, Peabody Institute 
Stevens, Benjamin F. 



Vols. 

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PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



43 



Stebbins, S. B. . 

Stimson, A. L. . 

Stone, E. M., Rev., Providence, R. I. 

Sumner, Charles, Hon. . 

Temple, Daniel H., 1 Broadside 

Tennessee State Library 

Thayer Frederic W. 284 Papers 

Thompson, Newell A. . 

Thwing, Thomas 

Ticknor, George . 

Torrey, Charles 

Townsend, M. P., Miss . 

Tyler, George W. . 

U. States, Commissioner of Patents 

U. States, Department of the Interior 

U. States, By Brevet Brig. Gen. Thos. Lawson 

Urbino, S. ..... 

Viele, Egbert L., N. York . 

Vienna, K. K. geologische Reichsanstalt 

Walker, Wise & Co. . 

Warren, J. Sullivan . 

Warren, J. Mason, M. D. 

Washington, National Observatory 

Washino-ton, Smithsonian Institution 

Waterston, R. C, Rev. 

Watson, Sarah A., Mrs. 

Weeks, George W. 

Weigel, T. O., Leipzig . 

Weld, E. D. W., Miss 

Weld, Moses W., M. D. 

Wells, E. M. P., Rev., D.D. 

Welsh, Charles W. 

Wetherell, Leander , 

Whipple, Charles K. . 

Whitmore, W. H. 

Whitney, F. A., Rev. . 

Whitwell, B., Mrs. . 

Wilder, Burt G. . . . 

Wilkins, John H., Hon. 

Williams, J. D. W. 

Williamstown, Williams College Quarterly 

Willis, Nathaniel. 4(i Papers 

Willis, William, Portland, Me, 



Vols. 

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120 
5!) 
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CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 68. 



Wilson, Henry, Hon 

Winthrop, Robert C, Hon. 

Worcester, American Antiquarian Society 

Worcester Public Library . 

Wright, Caleb 

Wright, Elizur .... 



Vols. 

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5 

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[BB] 
FINANCIAL STATEMENT, 

For one year ^ from November 1, 1860, to October 31, 18G1, 
inclmive. 

Binding jSS 1,172 88 

Books 4,514 30 

Expense, including repairs, tools, water, etc. . 619 98 

Fuel 870 23 

Furniture and fixtures 138 65 

Gas 803 50 

Printing 5,606 89 

Salaries 11,917 78 

Stationery 311 21 

Transportation, including insurance, postage, etc. 338 35 

"^26,293 72