First and Second R
Board of Trustees
School of Industrial Art.
1876— 7 77.
Review Priming House, N. \V. comer Fourth and Walnut Streets
First and Second Reports
Board of Trustees
SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ART.
187S— 7 77.
Review Printing House, N. W. corner Fourth and Walnut Streets.
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OFFICERS FOR 1878.
EDWARD T. STEEL.
VICE-PRESIDENT AND MANAGING DIRECTOR,
WILLIAM PLATT PEPPER.
CLARENCE H. CLARK.
H. DUMONT WAGNER.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
HON. JOHN F. HARTRANFT,
Governor of the Slate.
HON. WILLIAM S. STOKLEY,
Mayor of the City.
Appointed by State Senate.
HON. CHARLES R. BUCKALEW,
Appointed by the House of Representatives.
R. W. DOWNING,
Appointed by Select Council.
EDWARD T. STEEL,
Appointed by Common Council.
Appointed by the University of Pennsylvania.
J. B. KNIGHT,
Appointed by the Franklin Institute.
CLARENCE II. CLARK,
Appointed by the Pennsylvania Academy of Pine Arts.
F. ODEN HORSTMANN,
Appointed by the Philad'a School of Design for Wo??ien.
J. VAUGHAN MERRICK,
Appointed by the Board of State Centennial Supervisors.
TRUSTEES ELECTED BY THE MEMBERS:
To serve for five years.
W. W. JUSTICE, JOHN R. BAKER,
WAYNE MacVEAGH, F. R. SIIELTON.
To serve for four years.
JOHN SARTAIN, DR. WILLIAM PEPPER,
COLEMAN SELLERS, JAMES HUNTER.
To serve for three years.
JAMES L. CLAGHORN, JOHN C. BROWNE,
WILLIAM BIGLER, CHAPMAN BIDDLE.
To serve for two years.
THOMAS DOLAN, WILLIAM PLATT PEPPER,
SAMUEL WAGNER, Jr., GEORGE W. CHILDS.
To serve for one year.
HENRY C. GIBSON, THOMAS COCHRAN,
WILLIAM H. MERRICK, G. DAWSON COLEMAN.
EDWARD T. STEEL,
WILLIAM PLATT PEPPER,
CLARENCE II. CLARK,
H. DUMONT WAGNER, (Ex officio).
ADAM EVERLY, WILLIAM II. MERRICK,
CHAPMAN PIDDLE, J. B. KNIGHT,
TPIOMAS COCHRAN, J. VAUGIIAN MERRICK,
SAMUEL WAGNER, Jr., W. W. JUSTICE,
F. ODEN HORSTMANN, WAYNE MacVEAGH,
JOHN R. BAKER, F. R. SI I ELTON,
JOHN C. BROWNE.
COMMITTEE ON ORNAMENTAI ART.
WILLIAM PLATT PEPPER, Chairman.
HENRY C. GIBSON, CLARENCE II. CLARK,
JOHN C. BROWNE, JOHN R. BAKER.
COMMITTEE ON THE MECHANIC ARTS.
J. B. KNIGHT, Chairman.
J. VAUGHAN MERRICK, G. DAWSON COLEMAN,
F. ODEN HORSTMANN, THOMAS DOLAN.
COMMITTEE ON MATERIALS USED IN THE ART INDUSTRIES.
F. ODEN HORSTMANN, Chairman.
JAMES HUNTER, THOMAS DOLAN,
JOHN R. BAKER.
COMMITTEE ON THE ART LIBRARY.
SAMUEL WAGNER, Jr., Chairman.
J. VAUGHAN MERRICK, FAIRMAN ROGERS,
JOHN C. BROWNE.
COMMITTEE ON FINANCE.
WILLIAM II. MERRICK, Chairman.
THOMAS COCHRAN, EDWARD T. STEEL,
F. R. SHELTON, CLARENCE H. CLARK.
COMMITTEE ON THE BUILDING.
THOMAS COCHRAN, Chairman.
R. W. DOWNING, J. B. KNIGHT,
COMMITTEE ON INSTRUCTION.
J. VAUGHAN MERRICK, Chairman.
JOHN SARTAIN, F. ODEN HORSTMANN,
J. B. KNIGHT, W. W. JUSTICE.
COMMITTEE ON LAW.
CHAPMAN BIDDLE, Chairman.
SAMUEL WAGNER, Jr., THOMAS COCHRAN,
COMMITTEE ON AUDIT.
W. W. JUSTICE, Chairman.
EDWARD T. STEEL, WILLIAM H. MERRICK,
1HEP0KT OF THE EOAMB ©F BIgf CTOK8
In presenting the report for the past year, your Trustees-deem^
it desirable that it should be prefaced with a sketch of the his-
tory of the formative stages of the movement which has resulted
in the permanent establishment of the Pennsylvania Museum
and School of Industrial Art, in order that the Members and
the public may be fully informed of the purposes and intention
of the Institution, and of the motives which led to its organiza-
tion. So much has been accomplished during the year, all of
which is the fulfilment of the original plan, that a review of the
work from its commencement will, no doubt, be of interest, and
serve to show the growth and present status of the Museum.
During the summer of 1875, the approach of the Interna-
tional Exhibition suggested to the minds of several persons
who had previously been interested in the subject of Industrial
Art Education, that there would here be presented an unusual
opportunity of forming a nucleus of works of industrial art, the
beginning of a collection which, as has been seen in the history
of similar enterprises, would, if once made, grow of itself, and
which, in time, could not fail to have a most beneficial influence
upon the industries of our State and City. An organization was
effected, and so arranged as to include in the management re-
presentatives of the leading educational institutions of the City,
and of the State and City authorities, thus securing the coope-
ration of all those whose devotion to the public good proved
their value, and demonstrating the fact that the new Museum
and School of Industrial Art did not intrude on the work of
established organizations, of which our citizens are so justly
A charter was granted by the Court of Common Pleas in
February, 1876, and, in pursuance of the plan adopted, an elec-
tion of a board of Trustees was held, composed of gentlemen
representing the most important interests of the State, and, im-
mediately afterwards an appeal was made to the public for
means to carry out the scheme proposed.
A fund was formed, and a Committee of Selection was ap-
pointed to expend twenty-five thousand dollars at the Inter-
national Exhibition, which had now opened. This Committee
were in daily attendance at the Exhibition, and secured the first
choice of the most interesting objects there displayed, and also
received many valuable gifts from the Foreign Commissioners
and Exhibitors, besides forming associations with persons who
are prominently identified with similar institutions abroad. The
universal courtesy and appreciative interest with which the
Committee were received by the Commissioners from Europej
would make it almost invidious to mention any special names
in this connection, but the great obligations under which the
Corporation is placed by the action of P. Cunliffe Owen, C. B.,
and Colonel Sir Henry Bruce Sandford, K. B., of Great Britain,
to whom we are indebted for the loan of the valuable India
Collection and the gift of the work exhibited by the South
Kensington Museum, compels the most public acknowledge-
ment and sincere gratitude of the Corporation.
Permission having been granted by the authorities of Memo-
rial Hall for the Corporation to occupy the building, possession
was taken after the close of the Exhibition, and the objects
purchased stored in that building.
It will thus be seen from this slight sketch, which is really
but an outline, that the object of the originators of the Museum
scheme has been steadily kept in view; that at the close of the
Centennial year there had been established in our midst, un-
known, perhaps, to many, a comprehensive plan of Art Educa-
tion, which has already borne fruit, and which needed only the
same prudent and thoughtful care to develope into a power which
has already influenced the taste of the public, and stimulated
our manufacturing industries. Three important steps had been
taken during that year by the young Museum, — the formation
of an effective corporate organization, the complete utilization
of the advantages of the Exhibition, and the occupation of
Memorial Hall — and these during a condition of financial de-
pression which discouraged and disabled many existing Insti-
tutions. To the fact of the great need of such instruction as
can be afforded only by an Industrial Art Museum and School,
can be attributed the success of our corporation up to this
point, together with the strong feeling of public confidence
shown in its management.
The loss which the corporation sustained by the death of
Mr. Theodore Cuyler and Mr. John L. Shoemaker, both of
whom were among its earliest and most enthusiastic promoters,
was severely felt, but their wise advice and counsel has left so
great an impress upon the character of the organization, that
though called upon to mourn their death, it is a subject of
great congratulation that the Museum had their cooperation
The description of the rapid growth of the Museum from
that time until now belongs to the
REPORT FOR 1877.
Although the work, thus far, had progressed beyond the ex-
pectations of its projectors, yet the public generally were not
aware of its existence, or of the value of what it proposed to
accomplish. To bring the Museum more prominently to the
notice of the people, an exhibition of objects purchased by the
Corporation, and others loaned by citizens, was opened January
1 6th, in the rooms of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
The hearty cooperation of the owners of rare and interesting
works of industrial art, who generously entrusted them to the
care of the committee in charge, the appreciation of the visitors
and the presence of many students and artizans, served to make
this Exhibition a source of great pleasure and instruction, while
the purposes of the Corporation were clearly shown to the pub-
lie. The number of Visitors from January 16th to March 31st,
when the exhibition was closed, was as follows :
Visitors paying cash, ..... 10,708
Complimentary and Members, . . . 1,971
Students of the Public Schools, . . . 2,707
Although this Exhibition was not financially successful, owing
to the great expense incurred, yet the deficit was more than
repaid by subscriptions from those whose interest was aroused,
and who were for the first time made aware of the practical
character of the Museum scheme. The successful arrangement
of the collections displayed was in a great measure due to the
kind assistance of Messrs. William S. Vaux, Joseph A. Clay,
Edward S. Clark, and Dr. Francis W. Lewis, who also con-
tributed largely from their private collections.
During this time, the authorities having in charge Memorial
Hall, the Board of State Centennial Supervisors, appointed by
the State, the City Councils, and the Fairmount Park Commis-
sioners, formed a body of representatives of each, known as
the Directors of Memorial Hall. With this body this Corpora-
tion communicated, and a lease or license was signed, giving
formal possession of Memorial Hall to the Museum, and stipu-
lating that not more than 25 cents should be charged for en-
trance fee. If it should be found that this location should not
prove best for the purposes of the Museum, the Trustees will
depend upon the liberality of the Members and citizens to pro-
vide more central quarters in the future. The Centennial Board
of Finance, with the fairness which distinguished all their
actions, made over to this Corporation, upon its obtaining legal
possession of Memorial Hall, a sum of money representing the
amount necessary to repair the wear and tear during their occu-
pancy. This sum was placed in the hands of the Chairman of
the Committee on Building, Mr. John Baird, who devoted his
personal attention to the renovation of the building, removing
the partitions in the large saloons, and boarding from the walls.
While these repairs were in progress, overtures were made by
the International Exhibition Company, which had purchased
the Main Exhibition Building, for a cooperation in some way
between the Museum and that Company. Finally, they pro-
posed, in consideration of certain rooms being given to them
to place statuary and pictures in, and all the receipts taken at
the entrance of Memorial Hall to revert to them, to pay to this
corporation the sum of $6,000 for one year, in quarterly instal-
ments, and in case of the Museum being kept open during the
winter a sum of $2,000 additional.
An agreement was made to this effect, as it was thought at
that time that the Company were responsible, and that it was
best for the interests of the Museum to accept the terms offered
rather than depend for support upon the entrance fees of such
persons as might accidently visit the Museum, the communi-
cation with the street cars being practically cut off by the Main
Building. It is a subject of great regret to the Trustees to have
to report that their expectations have been entirely disappointed
a small fraction only of the amount due having been paid. The
matter reaching this point, the Solicitors of the Corporation have
been instructed to bring legal proceedings against them to re-
cover, if possible, the amount due.
The agreement having been signed, the Trustees have through-
out fulfilled, in every respect, the part of the contract for which
the Museum was responsible, and, in order to accommodate the
Exhibition Company, every effort was made to open the col-
lections on the 1 oth of May, 1877.
The material and show cases were removed from the Aca-
demy of the Fine Arts at the close of the Exhibition there, and,
together with the other objects belonging to the Museum
stored at Memorial Hall, were arranged in time for the opening
day. The display made at that time was greatly increased by
the arrival from London of a collection of English Pottery and
Porcelain, loaned for one year by Messrs. A. B. Daniell & Sons;
of French Pottery and Glass from Messrs. Londos & Co. ; and
of Spanish Glass and Pottery, loaned for one year, by Signor
Riano of Madrid. These loans were all negotiated and arranged
by Mr. P. Cunliffe Owen, C. B., and with them arrived a col-
lection of objects of Persian art, purchased for the Museum by
After the preliminary arrangements for the opening day,
attention was given to the systematic distribution and classifi-
cation of the collections, grouping together, so far as practi-
cable, objects of similar character, and perfecting the plan of
labelling, in order that visitors might be informed of the ex-
act character of each object, and be enabled to study them
more intelligently. During the summer a collection of Textile
Fabrics and Embroideries, of great interest to manufac-
turers, with objects in wrought iron and stoneware from Ger-
many, being purchases made in Europe, have been received
and placed in their proper positions in the Museum. A num-
ber of very valuable articles have also been left as loans, among
which may be mentioned a collection of the remains of the
Lake Dwellers, deposited by Dr. F. W. Lewis; a piece of
Beauvais tapestry by Mr. John McClure; an India carpet, by
Mr. Ellis Yarnall ; and an original vase by Chantry, owned by
Mrs. Owen Wister.
The arrival during October of models, in cork, of Windsor
Castle and the Tower of London, by Lloyd Hoppin, Esq., was an
event of special interest. These valuable works were presented
to the Museum by the following gentlemen: Messrs. George
W. Childs, A. J. Drexel, J. Vaughan Merrick, James L. Clag-
horn, Charles W. Trotter, W. H. Merrick, J. Alfred Kay, Fred-
erick Brown, Joel J. Bailly, Frederick Graeff, Lewis H. Redner
Evan Randolph, E. W. Clark, Ezra Bowen, F. A. Drexel, Ed-
win M. Lewis, and others.
The American Institute of Mining Engineers having made
application to the Corporation for permission to place in the
Museum building their collections illustrative \£ Mining- and
Metallurgy, made at the Centennial Exhibition, s"p^ce was ac
corded them, and the collections received on loan for an-ind
nite period. This material is of the greatest interest and value
as bearing upon one of the most important industries of the
State, and although not possessing any art character, is quite
in keeping with two of the departments of the original Museum
plan, that of the Raw Material collection, and of the collection
illustrative of the Mechanic Arts.
The Act of Legislature appropriating money for building
Memorial Hall, specifies that after the Centennial Exhibition it
shall remain as a Museum of Industrial Art, and open forever to
the citizens of the Commonwealth. The Trustees, therefore,
did not believe that they had the right, under this Act, to close
the Museum to the public on Sundays, and they are glad to re-
port that from the date of taking possession the people, and
especially the working people, whose time is occupied during
the week, have visited the Museum in large numbers on the
first day of the week.
The total number of visitors to the Museum from May ioth,
1877, to January 1st, 1878, was 147,113, and the total number
on Sundays, was :
The absence of any provisions of the United States tariff ex-
empting from duty such objects as the Museum has, and is
likely to import, gave to the Trustees considerable anxiety and
labor in connection with those objects already purchased, but
they are pleased to report, that through the courtesy of the
officials at Washington they have been enabled to enter under
the provisions of the Warehouse Act the articles purchased, and
have also received the assurance of the Department that it will
endorse the passage of a bill, which has been prepared, exempt-
ing from duty all that has been or may be purchased by the
Museum. The Trustees urgently request the cooperation of the
Members in this matter, so that there may be no difficulty in
the future in importing examples of Industrial Art for the pur-
poses of study.
In respect to the attitude of the State authorities to the Mu-
seum, the Trustees have taken occasion frequently to urge upon
the attention of the Legislature and Executive, the existence
and objects of the Museum, as involving a kind of education of
vital interest to such a Commonwealth as Pennsylvania, and
they are glad to report that they have met with great encour-
agement from both. His Excellency Governor Hartranft, in
his annual message of last year, says as follows :
" I have heretofore earnestly pointed out the growing neces-
sity for industrial art education. First, through the public
schools by the introduction of mechanical and free hand draw-
ing; secondly, by night schools for adults; and, thirdly, by
special schools of industrial design for all classes. Museums,
art galleries, and other public collections are also important
forces in industrial education. Such institutions in England,
France, Germany, and other European countries, are regarded
as an essential element in national progress, and are mostly
under the patronage of the government. Intelligence is becom-
ing more and more a most important element in every depart-
ment of industry. In this respect our educational system is
wholly deficient. It turns out lawyers, doctors, preachers, and
professional men in superabundance, while there is a startling
dearth of intelligent farmers, manufacturers, miners, and me-
chanics. A few of the States have started forward in the cause
of industrial education, by introducing drawing into their public
schools, and providing museums and schools of design. The
large and varied industries of Pennsylvania demand a similar
liberality. The Centennial year has brought us the oppor-
tunity, and placed the materials for beginning at our disposal.
The Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art,
modeled after the celebrated South Kensington Museum of
London, has secured Memorial Hall, in which to form an art
library; special collections, illustrative of industrial processes;
and a thorough system of instruction in the arts of design as
applied to manufactures, accompanied by general and technical
lectures. In this they are about to place the nucleus of a col-
lection gathered in the rich field of the Centennial Exposition,
intended to promote the improvement of American industrial
art. I trust these efforts will not escape your notice. Some
means ought to be devised to make available the rich collec-
tion of the Geological Survey. And you will, no doubt, seri-
ously consider whether, in the case of the Museum and Indus-
trial School, the State ought not to extend a hand to place
upon a firm foundation a work of so much public utility."
In his message for 1878, his Excellency repeats his views
in even stronger language, as follows :
" It will, perhaps, be a slow and difficult task to secure the
cooperation of the present generation of workingmen. But in
all large cities and towns where that class is principally con-
gregated, lecture and draughting rooms could be added to the
night schools, and such instruction given as would interest and
benefit adults. Everything that will tend to recognize the im-
portance and dignity of labor; that will excite the pride and
emulation of the artizan in his work; convince him of the
interest of the State in his welfare and the welfare of his child-
ren, and secure the fruits of his industry and thrift, should be
done; and I am convinced that nothing will contribute so
much to these results as the establishment of industrial and
scientific schools and workshops by the side of our present
high schools and academies. Finally, the appreciation and
demand of works of art and skill must keep pace with the
capacity to create them. Museums, art galleries, and other
public collections are also important factors in industrial edu-
cation. Accordingly, I took occasion last year to recommend
the arrangement, for public exhibition, of the specimens col-
lected by the Geological Survey, and to suggest that you con-
sider the advisability of extending State aid to the Pennsylvania
Museum and School of Industrial Art. The latter institution
has, during the year, opened free schools of drawing and de-
sign, and as the State, if it decides to add industrial education
to the public school system, will need competent teachers in
these branches, this fact gives it additional claims to the reco?-
nition of the authorities. I venture to hope that this subject
will early engage your labors, and that the public school sys-
tem will receive a symmetrical development corresponding with
the conditions of a highly industrial age, and the large and
varied resources of Pennsylvania."
A bill was prepared by a sub-committee of the Board, and
presented at the last session of the Legislature, but, with many
others of like character, was not passed upon. A similar bill
has been introduced into the present session, asking for an ap-
propriation of $20,000 for 1878, and a like amount for 1879,
$5,000 of which is for the annual maintenance of Memorial
Hall, for the support of which there is no existing fund, and
$15,000 for the Industrial Art Schools of the Museum. The
interest of the Members and others is earnestly solicited in this
matter, in order that the Museum may be so firmly established
as to be in a measure independent of the support of individuals,
and placed upon a basis worthy of the object for which it was
Having completed the installation of the collections in
Memorial Hall, the attention of the Board was given to the
second subject involved in the original scheme of the Museum,
as expressed in the charter of the Corporation, viz. : " to pro-
vide means of instruction in Drawing Painting:, Modelling-
Designing, etc., through practical Schools, Lectures, and other-
At the stated meeting of the Executive Committee held
August 13th, 1877, the Standing Committee on Instruction
were requested to submit a plan for the organization of the
Schools, and a report was presented by that Committee in Oc-
tober. This report recommended a plan of instruction similar
in its main features to the one now in operation, and was
adopted by the Executive Committee, who, at the same time,
gave to the Committee on Instruction authority to carry it out
as soon as the means of the Corporation would permit. To
this end an appeal was issued, setting forth the importance
of utilizing the valuable collection in the Museum by supple-
menting what had been done by instruction in the principles
of the application of Art to Industry, and asking special sub-
scriptions to the fund for the support of the Schools. The
Committee felt sufficiently encouraged by the response to
their appeal, to immediately undertake the organization of the
scheme. A suitable building, No. 312 North Broad street, was
selected as the location, and, after a short time, was fitted for the
use of the School. Advertisement was made that applicants
of either sex, over fifteen years of age, would be received for
examination, and notice given that there would be no charge
for tuition, but that students admitted would provide their own
stationery and instruments.
A standard of examination was adopted that required some
knowledge of the rudiments of drawing on the part of the ap-
plicant. Out of about two hundred applying, one hundred
were chosen as being proficient, and where they showed equal
ability preference was given to those engaged in the Art Indus-
tries, and to those who desired to gain instruction as a means of
livelihood. On the 10th of December the examinations began,
and on the 17th the Schools opened with one hundred students,
Fifty in the morning and Fifty in the evening classes, that num-
ber being the maximum that could be accommodated. The
applications of those who could not be admitted on account of
want of room, are on file and will be taken up in the order of
their date and proficiency. The Committee selected Mr. Charles
M. Burns, Jr., as instructor in the Artistic division of the course,
and Mr. Philip Pistor in the Scientific branches, with Dr. J. T.
Rothrock as Lecturer on Botany as applied to Decorative Art,
a id Mr. George Herzog as Lecturer on Historic Ornament.
The course consists of instruction in drawing, both with in-
struments and freehand, the former covering the ground of
plane and descriptive geometry, and also free perspective, and
the latter involving manipulation with the pencil, charcoal or
brush, from study of natural objects, casts, architectural details,
and objects from the Museum collections as models. A study
of color, and its application and disposition in design, will be
taken up as the classes advance, together with the preparation
of original designs applicable to industrial purposes.
Without proposing anything novel in the instruction given
in the Schools, it is intended to insist upon a thorough training
by means of the course, in order that those taking advantage
of it may be well grounded in the principles underlying what is
known as Design, depending upon the individual ability of the
students to develop into designers, but giving them the founda-
tion upon which this much desired superstructure may be
raised. With this view the rules and regulations have been
composed, strictly and positively placing before the students
the fact that it depends upon their own efforts as much as upon
those of the Instructors, whether they succeed or not in the
future, and so arranged as to prevent the classes being filled
with incompetent or careless students.
* "With the beginning of the year a School of Art Needle-
work was established, a teacher in its various branches hav-
ing been engaged for two trial months. Although only in
its infancy, this School has aroused sufficient interest to en-
courage hopes that it will, at no very distant day, prove a
Extract from a Report of the Advisory Committee.
valuable instrument, not only in furthering the aims of the
Museum by improving the taste of our people, but by pro-
viding with a means of support many women who are ready
to accept the needle as their only legitimate weapon in the
struggle for existence. To these classes are admitted only
those who look to this Instruction in Art Needlework as an
aid to future independence, and Six Classes of Eight pupils
each were at once filled. By a rigid censorship, as well of
the designs employed in this branch of Art as of the exe-
cution of the work attempted here, those in charge of this
School hope to establish its success as a model of its kind."
To meet the great demand for this kind of instruction among
persons of means, classes have been formed of pay pupils, so
arranged as not to interfere with the free tuition afforded
others unable to bear that expense. The following women have
kindly consented to act as an advisory committee :
Mrs. Caspar Wister, Mrs. Thomas A. Scott, Mrs. J. Dundas
Lippincott, Mrs. Fairman Rogers, Mrs. Thomas Hockley, Mrs.
Charles Henry Hart, Mrs. F. R. Shelton, Mrs. Atherton Blight,
Miss Laura T. Merrick, Miss Emilie D. Wagner, and Miss
Mary Read Fisher.
The progress of all the classes of the Museum since they
began, December 17th, has been very satisfactory. The stu-
dents are attentive, punctual, and painstaking in their work, and
have already, in several marked cases, shown evidences of
It must be understood that the Schools as now arranged are
but a beginning, which, as time goes on, will be amplified and
extended. If time is given for the plan to develop, and for the
new School to make its own experience, there can be no doubt
that the results will be of great value to the community; but
those of its friends who have not the patience to wait, but fall
into the popular error of expecting some immediate results,
may possibly be discouraged. The Trustees would call the
attention of those who may hold these views, to the wretched
character of that so-called ornamental work turned out in the
quick and easy style, which disfigures so many of our manu-
factured objects of really good material, and urge upon their
attention the necessity of some reform, and the fact that it can-
not be brought about at once.
The report of the Treasurer will be found annexed, from
which can be seen the amount of the receipts and expenditures.
It has been the constant effort of the Trustees to use every
economy consistent with the requirements of the Museum, and
they believe that no unnecessaiy expenditures have been
To those who have by their means, by their active assistance
and by their good wishes, aided the work of the Museum, the
Trustees extend their sincere thanks, and especially to the Press
of the City, who have so warmly endorsed the scheme from its
birth, and so greatly aided in making it known to the public.
With a large and influential membership, with a collection
unequalled, in many respects, by any in this country, with
Schools in full operation, the Trustees feel that they have just
cause to congratulate the Members upon what has been done,
at the same time reminding them that upon their continued
interest and that of the public, the future success of the Museum
By order of the Board of Trustees,
H. DUMONT WAGNER,
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE ART!
February ist, 1876, to November jot/i,
To Donations, ........
#37>39 2 Go
" Life Members, ........
" Annual Members' dues, ......
" Sundry accounts, interest, etc., . . • •
Transferred to the credit of profit and loss, ...
4, I °5 6 3
By Warrants paid for
Office expenses, . . ......
Expenses of obtaining charter, .....
Extra labor, ..... . .
Travelling expenses, ......
Freight and express charges, .....
Expanses of Collector, ......
Loan Exhibition (excess of expenses over receipts), . . .
Custom House charges, . . .....
Maintenance oS Memorial Hall and installation of collections, .
Art schools, .......
Incidental expenses, ......
Transferred to the debit of profit and loss, . .
By cost of the Museum collections, and other permanent investments
By payments on account of temporary loans, . . ,
Balance on hand November 30, 1877, . ,
CLARENCE H. CLARK, Treasurer.
Entries and Vouchers examined and found correct.
W. W. JUSTICE,
W. H. MERRICK,
EDWARD T. STEEL,
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To the Fund for Establishing The Pennsylvania Museum and School
of Industrial Art, to November 30, 1877.
John Baird, .
Joseph Allen, Jr., .
George W. Childs,
Chapman Biddle, .
A. J. Drexel,
Mrs. Chapman Biddle, .
F. A. Drexel,
Clement Biddle, .
Henry C. Lea,
A. Whitney & Sons, Car Trus
Miss Annie E. Biddle, .
W. S. Baker,
Henry C. Gibson, .
M. Baird, .
Burnham, Parry, Williams &
Miss Anna Blanchard, .
Miss Maria Blanchard, .
Miss R. Gibson, .
Miss Harriet Blanchard,
James L. Claghorn,
W. E. Garrett, Jr.,
J. Raymond Claghorn, .
Harrison, Havemeyer & Co.
John H. Cooper, . . -
F. Oden Horstmann,
J. E. Caldwell, .
William P. Pepper,
Mrs. St. George T. Campbell
Thomas A. Scott, .
Miss Mary Coles, .
Mrs. Taitt, .
Clarence H. Clark,
Joseph Wharton, .
J. Hinckley Clark,
W. Burton Carver,
W. W. Justice,
Joseph Chapman, .
William Massey, .
Thomas Cochran, .
Joseph E. Temple,
Caleb Cope, .
Henry T. Collins, .
Mrs. Tobias Wagner, .
A. J. Cassatt,
J. Dawson Coleman,
J. Vaughan Merrick,
F. A. Dick, .
C. & H. Borie, . . #
R. J. Dobbins,
Mrs. Susan R. Barton, .
Miss Lucy W. Merrick,
Albert H. Disston,
Miss Emilie H. Merrick,
Mrs. Henry Duhring, .
William S. Vaux, .
Edward L. Fenimore, .
Stephen 0. Fuguet,
George S. Pepper,
Henry C. Gibson, .
Lawrence S. Pepper,
Frederick Graeff, .
Joseph Patterson, .
Miss Elizabeth Garrett, .
Joseph F. Page,
Miss Julia Garrett,
Charles W. Poultney, .
Mrs. Walter Garrett,
Stephen Greene, .
Jacob Roberts, M. D., .
Franklin B Go wen,
William D. Rogers,
. Samuel Hart,
C. H. Rogers,
George W. Hill, .
Evan Randolph, .
G. Craig Heberton,
Coleman Sellers, .
W. H. Hortsman & Sons,
Charles Spencer, .
John 0. James,
Edward T. Steel, .
Edward C. Knight,
Maxwell Sommerville, .
Richard A. Lewis,
V. C. Sweatman, .
Edwin M. Lewis, .
Joseph S. Lovering,
Amos R. Little,
George F. Tyler, .
William H. Merrick, .
S. Harvey Thomas,
Frank W. Murphy,
Gottlieb Vollmer, .
James A. Wright, .
P. P. Morris,
Charles S. Wurts, M. D.,
Dell Noblitt, Jr., .
John W. Wright, .
Samuel S. White,
John S. Newbold,
Edward N. Wright,
Mrs. John S. Newbold,
I. E. Wal raven,
William Pepper, M. D.,
Harriet R. Willing,
William P. Pepper,
Collected on the above subs
Crawford Arnold, .
Frank L. Bodine,
Washington Atlee, M. D.,
Clarence S. Bement,
W W. Burnell, M. D.,
Bonet & Cross,
Alfred G. Baker, .
John E. Baugh, , . ,
Rachel L. Bodley,
Edwin P. Baugh,
G. A. Nicolls,
August F. Brecht,
Mrs. Charles Piatt,
H. G. Batterson, .
F. B. Potsdamer, .
Theodore Cuyler, .
Miss Fannie Clark,
J. G. Rosengartcn,
Elihu Chauncey, .
Craig D. Ritchie, .
Edward W. Clark,
James M. Earl,
Mrs. Benjamin Rush,
W. P. Ellison,
Miss Elizabeth Rhoads,
Galloway & Graff,
G. W. Rexamer, .
John S. Gerhard, .
Mrs. John S. Gerhard,
John L. Shoemaker, .
H. Lenox Hodge, M.D.
George W. Hancock,
F. R. Shelton,
W. W. Keen, M.D.,
Mrs. F. R. Shelton,
Henry C. Lea,
Miss Annie Stevenson,
Anna J. Lea,
H. C. Townsend, .
Mrs. H. C. Townsend,
J. Ferdinand Madeira,
William Thomson, M.D
Miss Lucy W. Merrick,
Miss Emilie Wagner,
Mrs. S. V. Merrick,
Mrs. Tobias Wagner,
J. E. Mitchell,
H. P. McKean,
Sam. R. Shipley, Prest.,
A. E. Borie,
Klemm & Bro.,
B. H. Bartol, .
William S. Grant,
James L. Claghorn, .
S. & F. Child, .
Cornelius & Sons,
Misses Lewis, .
Jacob P. Jones, .
Samuel B. Thomas, .
Mrs. Clarence H. Clark,
Samuel R. Shipley, .
Iungerich & Smith, .
William P. Henszey,
Daniel Neall, .
H. W. Bartol, .
Mrs. Daniel Neall, .
George E. Hoffman, .
Bowen & Fox, .
E. T. Mockridge, < .
Edward H. Williams,
John S. Henry, .
Caroline S. Jack, . i Share. Charles F. Berwind, . i Share.
Mrs. Alexander Henry, I " Mrs. George Vaux, . I "
Phebe W. Hoffman, . I " William Moss, M.D., i
Mrs. S. C. Zantzinger, I "
The Treasurer has collected from the Centennial Board of Finance $4,407.60
on this Stock.