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Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualreport1877boston 



FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT 



Board of Fire Commissioners. 



FOR THE YEAR ENDING 



APRIL 30, 1877. 



M BOSTONIA. Mk 

•f*^ CONDEEA-AD. S§^ 



BOSTON: 
ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. '39 ARCH STREET. 
187 7. 




<.^ '^ 



1- -u.. 



<?>, 




CITY OP BOSTOK 



City Document No^ 55. 



FOURTH ANNUAL REPOET OF THE BOARD OF 
FIRE COMMISSIONERS, FOR THE YEAR END- 
ING APRIL 30th, 187^. 

Office of the Boaed of Fire Commissioners, 
City Hall, Boston, Jime, 1877. 

To the Honorable the Mayor and the City Council of the 
City of Boston : — 

Gentlemen, — In conformity with the Ordinances estab- 
lishing the Fire Department, the undersigned Fire Commis- 
sioners herewith present their fourth annual report, showing 
the condition of the department, the amount of expenditures, 
and a statement of the number of fires and losses to May 1, 
1877. 

Like the last year, this has been one in which no large fires 
have occurred, and the losses have been small as compared 
with recent previous years. 

The same feeling of security seems to be prevalent among 
the community, and the Fire Department have, we believe, 
by their efforts and deportment, deserved well the confidence 
that has steadily gained ground since its reorganization. 

During the year the " Board " has been changed in its 
membership, by the resignation of Hon. T. T. Sawyer, 
appointed to the Water Board, and Gen. A. P. Rockwell, 
Chairman, elected President of the Eastern Railroad Corpo- 
ration, and they are now filling those responsible positions. 

In October, Messrs. Greely S. Curtis and Charles H. 
Allen were nominated by his Honor the Mayor, and con- 
firmed by the City Council, to fill the vacancies and 
immediately assumed the duties of the ofiice. 

The organization of the department is the same as stated 
last year, except that two chemical engines have been 
added ; one being placed in the new engine-house on Harvard 
avenue, Brighton District, and the other on Mt. Yernon street. 
West Roxbury village ; the last-named taking the place of 



II City Document No. 55. 

the only hand engine used for fire purposes in the city. In 
the month of March the " crew " of the Fire Boat was reor- 
ganized, by abolishing the offices of mate, stoker, and steward, 
placing it on the same basis as the companies of the Perma- 
nent Force, both in pay and allowances. Heretofore the 
rations have been paid for by the city ; the crew now furnish 
them at their own cost, under the supervision of the captain. 
The same number of men are employed as heretofore. 

The total force of officers and men in the Fire Department 
consists of: — 

Permanent men, 264 

Call " 354 

618 

Fire-alarm branch, 9 

Clerks, 3 

Commissioners, 3 

Total, 633 

Houses. 

The buildings of the several apparatus are in good condi- 
tion, needing only such general repairs as the ordinary wear 
requires from time to time. As at present organized the 
Board feel that the "Force " of the department is sufiScient 
for the protection of the city from fires that may occur, and 
no new houses or extraordinary repairs will be required 
during the coming year ; the ordinary repairs are being done 
by detailed men from the Permanent Force, as named in last 
year's report. 

Apparatus. 
The apparatus of the department consists of — 

In service. In reserve. Total. 

Steam fire engines .... 29 4 33 

Chemical " 7 1 8 

Horse hose carriages, used by eiigine 

companies ..... 19 19 

Horse hose carriages used by independ- 
ent companies .... 

Hose carriages attached to engines 

Hook and. ladder carriages fully 
equipped ..... 

Aerial ladder ..... 

Skinner ladder ..... 

Hand engines . . . 

Coal wagons . . 



11 


5 


16 


11 


16 


27 


11 


1 


12 


1 




1 




1 


1 


16 


2 


2 
16 



Fire Commissioners' Eepoet. 



Ill 



In service. In reserve. 



Supply wagons, Fire Department 
Supply wagons, Fire-Alarm Dep't 
Enorineers' wao:ous 



Buggies 



2 
2 
4 
2 
33 
3 
5 



3 
2 
6 
2 
33 
3 
5 



Hose pungs 
Jobbing pungs . 
Engineers' sleighs 

The following new apparatus has been added during the 
year (included above) : — 

2 Engineers' wagons, built at department repair shop. 

2 Two-wheeled hose carriages " " " " 

1 Hose pung. 

1 Jobbing pung. 

2 Kepair wagons, Fire-Alarm. 

Hose. 

The number of feet of hose on hand in use in the depart- 
ment is a little more than was reported last year. The 
chemical engines in the suburbs are furnished with a reel 
containing some 250 feet, giving them the means of getting 
a stream on a fire from a hydrant or steamer, serving the 
purpose of a hose-carriage as well. 



On hand, 



leather 
cotton 
rubber 



21,602 
30,108 
20,161 2| in. 

2,289 



in. chemical engine. 



Total 



74,160 



4,200 feet of cotton and 1,600 feet of small rubber hose 
have been purchased during the year and 7,400 feet of the 
several kinds have been condemned ; the hose in use is not 
in as good condition as last year, its proportionable value 
beinsf, — 



Keliable, 70 per cent. 

Not fully reliable, 30 per cent. 



Horses. 

There are in service of the department, including 8 in the 
Fire-Alarm branch, 137 horses ; and they are in good condi- 
tion, doing their work generally in a satisfactory manner. 
No epidemic or special disease has prevailed, and the health 
has been more than average good. During the year 10 have 
been bought, 6 exchanged, or disposed of as unfit for ser- 
vice, and only one has died. 



IV City Document No. 55. 



Apparatus Repair Shop. 

The apparatus repair shop contmues to give satisfactory 
results. A large amount of work has been done in repairs of 
all kinds, and in construction of new apparatus ; also for the 
Fire-Alarm branch. The most of the labor is still done by 
detailed men, who respond for duty at fires when called to 
the locality of their respective companies. During the year 
2 two-wheeled hose carriages of the " Ryan " pattern have 
been constructed, at a very reasonable cost, and placed in the 
service of the department. 

The expense of the shop, including the charges for mate- 
rial, labor, tools, and rnnning expenses, has been $13,580 72 
Less a credit by old material exchanged . . 671 39 



$12,909 33 



Distributed as follows : — 

Repairs of apparatus ..... $9,018 48 

Fire alarm, bells and clocks, engine-houses, etc. . 2,791 42 

Nevv apparatus ...... 1,099 43 



Hose and Harness Repair Shop. 

The hose and harness shop has been conducted in the same 
manner as last year, doing all the work of the department 
at the very moderate cost of $2,182.92 

Repairing of hose ...... $1,062 30 

harness; ^ ... . 1,120 62 



Making of new 



1,182 92 



Fire- Alarm Telegraph. 



The Fire-Alarm branch of this department is in good con- 
dition and working quite satisfactorily. An extra wire has 
been run connecting the Alarm Bells within the city proper, 
independent of the " Gongs " and " Tappers," so that either 
one or the other can be struck singly; being an additional 
security in case of a break in the line. 

The right to construct a Fire-Alarm Telegraph in the 
territory formerly known as Brighton, also to extend the 
same in the West Roxbury and Charlestown Districts, has 
been purchased for the sum of five thousand dollars. All the 
machinery and material to complete the same have been 
delivered, and the work is now being rapidly forwarded, and 
by the first of June the Brighton District will be in connec- 
tion with and under the same system as other parts of the 
city. 



FiKE Commissioners' Report. v 

During the past year a change in the method of striking 
the alarms in the Charlestown District has been made by 
altering the boxes and striking apparatus to conform to 
those of the city proper, and the alarms from that district 
are now struck from head-quarters, City Hall. It is in con- 
templation to have the same change made in the West Rox- 
bury District, which, when done, will concentrate all alarms 
to the Central Office, and there be struck. 

, Fires. 

The city continues to be highly favored in the comparatively 
few destructive fires. The number of alarms compare favorably 
with those of previous years, this year only slightly exceed- 
ing those of last year. It will be noticed that the bell-alarms 
decrease and the still alarms increase in number, which is a 
favorable indication, as the loss by the last named is mani- 
festly much less than the average of the former. 

Alarms. 

Number of Telegraph Fires . . . . . 268 

" " False 5 

" •« Needless .... 21 

Ringing of Bells ....... 8 

Fires extinguished without giving a public alarm . 207 

' 509 

Comparative Alarms and Losses, Insurance, etc. 

JSTumber of Alarms. 

720, including 266 stills. 
702, " 244 " 
483, " 140 " 
509, " 207 " 



May, 1873, to 1874 
" 1874, to 1875 
" 1875, to 1876 
" 1876, to 1877 



Loss on Buildings and Contents. 

Buildings. Contents. Total. 

May, 1873, to 1874, $1,134,835 95 $2,295, ,^46 55 $3,430,382 50 
'' 1874, to 1875, 424,979 00 793,524 00 1,228,403 00 
" 1875, to 1876, 152,810 00 388,462 00 541,272 00 
" 1876, to 1877, 167,027 00 314,327 00 481,354 00 

Insurance on Buildings and Contents. 

Buildings. Contents. Total. 

May, 1873, to 1874, $1,341,476 45 $2,102,274 32 $3,443,750 77 
'' 1874, to 1875, 1,758,939 00 1,918,069.00 3,677,008 00 
" 1875, to 1876, 1,348,925 00 1,727,558 00 3,076,483 00 
" 1876, to 1877, 1,530,943 00 1,296,585 00 2,827,528 00 



VI City Document No. 55. 

Fires. 

Total number of actual fires . . 483 

Confined to one building . . 404 94 per cent. 

Extended to others . . . 18 4 " 

Buildings. 

Slightly damaged .... 289 60 per cent. 
Considerably damaged . . . 66 14 " 

Totally destroyed . . . . 19 4 " 

Most of those totally destroyed were comparatively of little 
value. 

DlSCHAKGES AND APPOINTMENTS. 

The following changes have been made in the department 
during the year : — 



Deaths ..... 


. 


6 


Honorably discharged . 


, , 


57 


Discharged for cause : — 






Intoxication .... 


2 




Incompetency .... 


1 




Neglect of duty 


1 




Conduct prejudicial to good order 


1 




General inefficiency . 


1 




Absence without leave 


4 





9 of whom were of the Permanent Force. 
1 " was " Call " 



10 



Total, . . 73 

Appointments .... 53 

Transfers . . . . . 15 

Reduced to ranks ... 1 

Promotions ..... 5 

Deaths. 

The following-named members of the department have 
died during the year : — 

Amos Marshall, member of Engine Co. 15. 
Augustus E. Cluff, member of Engine Co. 6. 
James H. Whittle, member of Engine Co. 13. 
Lewis Muraford, member of Hose Co. 2. 
Phineas D. Allen, member of H. & L. Co. 4. 
John Fenno, member of H. & L. Co. 2. 



FiEE Commissioners' Eeport. vii 

In January last Mr. Jolin C. Hubbard, a long time mem- 
ber of the Boston Fire Department, and for upwards of thirty 
years President of their Charitable Association, died, at the 
age of 74, lamented by the entire department, both past 
and present. In the position of President he so long held, 
he gave his best efforts, and was faithful to all the duties 
belonging to the office ; and in the performance of those 
duties came in contact with the sick and injured active 
members and many needy past members and their families, 
who have been the recipients of his kindly visits, and who 
remember him with grateful hearts and feel that his loss is a 
void not easily filled. 

Accidents. 

The number of accidents is quite large, some of them of 
a serious character ; but we are thankful to be able to say 
that no fatality has occurred during the year to sadden the 
recollections of an otherwise reasonably prosperous record. 
The following list will show the names of those injured, the 
causes of and the nature of the accidents : — 



VIII 



City Document No. 55. 



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Fire Commissionees' Report. ix 

The Boston Protective Department. 

The Boston Protective Department continues to be of 
great service in its line of duty, preserving large amounts of 
property (both insured and uninsured) from damage and 
destruction ; harmony and good-will is the prevailing senti- 
ment of both departments, and every facility is given them 
in the furtherance of their valuable efforts. 

Police. 

The Police Force, under the charge of Chief Savage and 
Deputy Chief Quiun, have promptly rendered all the assist- 
ance that has been needed, and their courteous and cheerful 
service is appreciated by the department. 

Water and Hydrants. 

The water facilities for fire purposes are very well dis- 
tributed and the Water Board is supplying, from time to 
time, such additions as seem to be required. There have been 
241 Hydrants added during the year, of which 143 were of 
Post pattern, mostly placed in the West Roxbury and Brigh- 
ton districts. 

Expenses of the Department. 

The expenditures of the whole department are as fol- 
lows : — 

Fire Department, less water and hydrant 

account $443,514 04 

Fire- Alarm Telegraph . . . . 27,272 35 

Bells and Clocks 2,995 62 

Engine Houses 3,950 81 



$477,732 82 



Add charge for Water and Hydrant ac- 
count 116,550 00 



$594,282 82 



X 



City Document No. 55. 



Comparative Cost without and unth Water and Hydrant 

Account: — 



Yrs. 


Fire 
Dep't. 


F. Alarm 

Bells and 

Clocks. 


Engine 
Houses. 


Total. 


Water & 
Hydrants. 


Total. 


Alarms. 


3i 




Bell. 

361 
389 

434 


Still. 

188 
251 
246 


H 


1871-2 
1872-3 
1873-4 


$339,519.63 
530,928.90 
510,529.29 


$42,763.89 
40,507.50 
51,092.49 


$26,829.98 
16,024.35 
28,778.37 


$409,113.50 
687,460.25 
590,400.13 


$59,730 
74,382 
81,111 


$468,843.50 
661,842.25 
671,511.13 


549 
640 
680 



1874-5 


503,431.63 


35,258.25 


14,099.25 


548,155.41 


95,232 


643,387.41 


458 


244 


702 


1875-6 


460,295.49 


24,698.39 


6,668.43 


491,662.31 


103,980 


595,642.31 


343 


140 


483 


1876-7 


443,514.04 


30,267.97 


3,950.81 


477,732.82 


116,5,50 


594,282.82 


302 


207 


509 



The increased expenditures this year in the Fire-Alarm 
Statement are in consequence of the extension of the Fire 
Alarm in Brighton, on which has been expended some 
$6,400, to May 1st, and payment of judgment of court 
in suit for injuries occasioned by a fallen telegraph wire 
in 1871-2, to amount of $2,814.99, and by the Auditor 
directed to be paid by this department, and for which no ap- 
propriation was made, it being a claim of which this Board 
had no knowledge. 

The large expenditures on Engine Houses in three years, 
1871-2-3-4, were made under the direction of the Public 
Building Department, and were for enlarging and remodelling 
to fit the needs of the department. 

For the last two years the Fire Department has done 
nearly all the repairs on the several houses. 

The year 1874-5 was the first year of the Commissioners 
and of the annexation of Charlestowu, West Roxbury and 
Brighton, bringing with them 12 pieces of apparatus, cost- 
ing this year to maintain about $43,000 in addition to the 
expense of the Fire-Alarm branch. The expenditures show 
a yearly decrease, and taken with the decrease in the number 
of fires, and losses by fire, the Board may reasonably claim 
that the department has made a fair record, and is entitled 
to the commendation that is occasionally conferred on them. 
The ofiicers and men are entitled to great praise for their 
good conduct and successful efi'orts, and it is believed that, 
by continuing in the course indicated by the previous admin- 
istration of the Board, the property of the citizens will 



Fire Commissioners' Eeport. xi 

be equally well protected, and the members of the depart- 
ment be fully up to the standard required of them in the 
performance of their hazardous duties. 

DAVID CHAMBEELIN, 
GEEELY S. CUETIS, 
CHAELES H. ALLEN, 

Fire OoniTnissioners. 



APPENDIX. 



APPENDIX A. 

Board of Fire Commissioners. 

One member is appointed annually in April, for a term of 
three years from the first Monday in May following. The 
nomination is made by the Mayor, subject to confirmation 
by the City Council. 

Alfred P. Rockwell, Chairman, for three years, from 
May 1st, 1876. Resigned Oct. 5th, 1876. 

Greeley S. Curtis, for unexpired term of Alfred P. Rock- 
well. Appointed Oct. 5th, 1876. 

TmoTHY T. Sawyer, for one year, from May 1st, 1876. 
Resigned July 24th, 1876. 

Charles H. Allen, for unexpired term of Timothy T. 
Sawyer. Appointed Oct. 5th, 1876. 

David Chamberlin, for two years, from May 1st, 1876. 



Board as Reorganized Oct. 9^ 1S76. 

David Chamberlin, Chairman, for one year. 
Greeley S. Curtis, for two years. 
Charles H. Allen, for seven months. 

Salaries, $4,000 each. 

Frederick W. Smith, Jr., Clerk. Appointed by the Fire 
Commissioners. 

Engineers. 

Chief Engineer, Wm. A. Green, 8 Montgomery Place. 
Head-quarters, City Hall. 

Assistant Engineers. 

, Joseph Dunbar, Head-quarters, Engine House 9. 

' John Bartlett, " \i a 27. 

I Wm. H.Cunningham, " '« *' 25. 

Samuel Abbot, Jr., «« '< '« 4. 



City Documekt No. 55. 



John W. Regan, Head-quarters, Engine House 26. 



George Brown, ^ 


•^1 


George C. Fernald, 


' " " 3. 


John Colligan, 


' << u 13. 


James Munroe, 


" " " 12. 


J. Foster Hewins, 


« " " 18. 



Brown S. Flanders, Inspector and Aid to the 
Chief. Head-quarters, Apparatus Repair Shop. 

Gall Engineers. 

Granville A. Fuller, assigned to that part of District 8^ 
located in Brighton. 

James P. Rogers, assigned to that part of District 10' 
located in West Roxbury. 

Clerks. 
Henry W. Longley, B. F. Underhill, Jr. 

Force. 

The force, as now organized, consists of 633 members, 
viz. : — 



Head-quarters. 



Commissioners 
Clerks 



Engineers, 




Chief Engineer . . . . 


1 


Permanent Assistant Engineers . 


11 


Call 


2 


Permanent Force. 




Foremen ..... 


22 


Assistant Foremen 




8 


Enginemen 




27 


Assistant Enginemen 




27 


Hosemen . 




82 


Laddermen 




32 


Chemical Enginemen . 




. . 1 


Drivers 




43 


Hostlers 




3 


Teamster . 




1 


Deck Hands — Fire Boat 




4 



141 



250 





Appendix. 






Call Force. 




Foremen . 


• • • • 


31 


Hosemen . 


• • • • 


214 


Laddermen 


Fire Alarm. 


109 


Superintendent . 
Operators . 
Repairers . 
Battery Man 


• • • • 


1 
4 
3 
1 


Grand Total . 


• 



354 



633 



Pay-Roll of the Fire Department, 



As Established by the Board. 




Chief Engineer 
Sup't of Fire Alarms 
Assistant Engineers . 

" " call . 


$3,300 per annum. 
2,500 " 
1,600 " - 
300 " 


Permanent Force. 


Foremen . 
Assistant Foremen 


at 


the r 


ate 


of $1,250 per 
' 1,100 ' 


annum. 


Enginemen 
Assistant Enginemen 
Hosemen . 
Laddermen 
Chemical Engineman 








' 1,200 ' 
' 1,100 ' 
1,000 ' 
' 1,000 ' 
« 1,000 * 






Fire-Boat 


. 


Captain 

Mate . . 

Enginemen . 

Assistant Enginemen 

Steward 

Stoker . 

Deck Hands , 


at 


th( 


3 rate 


of 


$1,368.75 per 
1,186.25 « 
1,368.75 « 
1,186.25 ' 
1,000.00 ' 
1,000.00 * 
1,000.00 ' 


annum. 



March 20th, 1877. The Fire-Boat Company was reorgan- 
ized, and the positions and salaries made to correspond with 
those of the permanent force, and the supply of rations 
stopped. 



City Document No. 55. 





Call Force. 






Permanent Foremen 


at the rate of $1,000 


per annum. 


Call 


(( 


(( 


300 


(( 


Permanent Driver 


(( 


( ( 


1,000 


(( 


Hosemen 


(I 


( i 


225 


(( 


Laddermen 


a 


a 


225 


(C 


West 


Roxhury 


District. 






Permanent Foremen 


at the rate of $1,000 


per annum. 


Call 






150 


a 


Call 






100 


.i 


Assistant Enginemen 






1,000 


c< 


Drivers 






720 


(( 


Hosemen, Engine Co. 






170 


( ( 


" Chemical Engine " 




25 


it 


Hosemen in charge 








Chemical Engine 


ti 




1,000 


(( 


Hosemen, Hand Engine " . 




25 


(( 


Laddermen 


a 




100 


(( 


B 


rigJiton District. 






Permanent Foremen 


at the 


rate of $1,000 


per annum, 


Enginemen 


( k 


( I 


1,000 


(( 


Ho.-eman in charge 








Chemical Engine 






1,000 




Driver 






720 




Call Foremen 






100 




Hosemen 






50 




Laddermen . 






50 





Fire Districts. 
The city is divided into Ten Fire Districts, as follows : — 

District 1. — Comprises all that part of Boston known as 
East Boston. 

District 2. — All that part of Boston formerly known as 
Charlestown. 

District 3. — All that part east of a line beginning at the 
Charles-river drawbridge, and running 
through the centre of Charlestown street, 
Hiiymarket square and Washington to 
Summer street, and north of Summer 
street and the N. Y. and N. E. E. R. 
Passenger Depot to the water. 

District 4. — All tiiat part west of District 3, and north 
of a line running through the centre of 
Winter and Park streets, and west of 
Beacon to Otter, and north of Otter street 
to the water. 



Appendix. 



District 5. — All that part south of Districts 3 and 4 to 
the centre of Dover-street drawbridge, 
and a line running through the centre of 
Dover, Berkeley, Boylston, Arlington, 
Beacon and Otter streets to the water. 

District 6. — All that part of Boston known as South 
Boston . 

District 7. — All that part of Boston south of District 5, 

) to the centre of Albany-street drawbridge ; 

thence through the centre of Albany, 
Northampton street, Columbus avenue and 
Chester park, to Charles river. 

District 8. — All that part south and west of District 7, 
to the boundary line of West Roxbury, 
and west of Washington street to the 
Brookline boundary line, and including 
all of Ward 25 formerly Brighton. 

District 9. — All that part south of Districts 6 and 7, to 
West Roxbury line, running through the 
centre of Blue Hill avenue, Columbia, 
Green, Bowdoin, Church and East streets, 
and east of District 8 to the water. 

District 10. — All the southerly part of Boston, south of 
Districts 8 and 9, including West Rox- 
bury. 



Assignment of Districts. 



Each district is placed under the charge of an Assistant 
Engineer, as follows : — 

Assistant Engineer Joseph Dunbar, assigned to District 1. 
John Bartlett, " " 2. 

Wm. H. Cunningham, " " 3. 

Samuel Abbott, Jr., " "4. 

John W. Regan, " " 5. 

George Brown, " "6. 

George C. Fernald, " "7. 

John Colligan, " " 8. 

James Munroe, " " 9. 

J. Foster Hewins, " " 10. 

Brown S. Flanders, Inspector and Aid 
to the Chief. 



The Assistant Engineers in charge of Districts Nos. 8 and 
10 are aided by Call Engineers in that part of their respect- 
ive districts known as West Roxbury and Brighton. 



6 



City Document No. 55. 



The Assistant Engineers of the several Fire Districts in ' 
the city will respond to alarms out of their own districts, as 
follows : — 



The Engineer of 

District No. 1. 

District No. 2. 

District No. 3. 

District No. 4. 

District No. 5. 

District No. 6. 

District No. 7. 



east of Washiug- 




5 To second alarms in Nos. 3 and 4. 
To third alarms in No. 5. 

— To second alarms in Nos. 3 and 4. 
To third alarms in No. 5. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 4, 5, and to East 

Boston Ferry for No. 1. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 2, 5, and that 

part of No. 7 west of Columbus avenue. 
To third alarms in No. 7. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 3, 4, 6 and 7. 
To third alarms in Nos. 1 and 2. 

— To first alarms in No. 6, and all that 

part of Nos. 5 and 7 
ton street. 
To third alarms in Nos. 5, 7 and 9. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 5, 6, and in Nos. 

8 and 9 north of Dudley and Stough- 

ton streets. 
To second alarms in Nos. 8 and 9, and 

parts of Nos. 3 and 4 s"outh of State, 

Court and Cambridge streets. 
To third alarms in Nos. 3, 4, 8 and 9. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 7, 9, and Jamaica 

Plain. 
To second alarms in No. 10. 
To third alarms in Nos. 5 and 6. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 7, 8, and Dor- 

chester. 
To second alarms in Nos. 6 and 10. 

— To first alarms in Nos. 9 and 10. 

To second alarms in No. 6, and that part 
of No. 8 east of the Providence Rail- 
road. 

To third alarms in all of No. 8. 



No piece of apparatus belonging to the department will be 
allowed out of the city without the authority of the Chief or 
an Assistant Engineer. 

Engines Nos. 4, 9, 25 and 26 are never to be sent out of 
the city. 

Engine No. 5 is never to cross the ferry, unless specially 
sent for. 



District No. 8. 

District No. 9. 
District No. 10. 



Appendix. 



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Afpendix. 13 



PUNGS. 



There are 37 purgs in use by the department, — 35 for 
carrymg hose and 2 for jobbing. 

The Engines, Hose, Hats, Axes, Ladders, and all the 
other apparatus used by the Fire Department, are owned by 
the city, and are under the care and control of the Board of 
Fire Commissioners. 

Coal Houses. 

No. 1 is located on Salem street. This house is in good 
repair, and supplies for the north and west sections of the 
city are taken from it in case of a large fire. 

No. 2 is located on Washington street, near Dover street. 

No. 3 is located on Orleans street, East Boston. From 
this house, in case of fire, supplies are taken for the East 
Boston department. ^ 

Supply Wagons. 

No. 1. Kept at Hose-house No. 8, North Grove street. 

No. 2. Kept at house of H. & L. Co. No. 3, Harrison 
avenue, corner of Bristol street. 

No. 3. In reserve. Kept at house of Engine Co. No. 
22, Dartmouth street. 

Fire Apparatus at Stationary Points. 
Hose Carriages and Hose. 

There is apparatus located at the following points, for the 
more immediate protection of the neighborhood, and without 
organized companies : — 

One hose carriage at the Apparatus Repair Shop, on Har- 
rison avenue, with 600 feet of hose. 

One hose carriage, with 400 feet of 2|-inch hose, at Old 
Hook and Ladder House No. 4, Eustis street. Highlands. 

At each of the above places are the needful wrenches, 
goosenecks, and pipes to be used with the hose. 

One hose carriage, with 1,000 feet of 21-iuch hose, 
Engine House No. 25, Fort Hill square, to be used in 
cases of large fires. 

Spare Apparatus. 

Deer Island. One hand engine, with two hose carriages 
and 700 feet of rubber and cotton hose, belonging to the Fire 



14 



City Document No. 55. 



Department, and stored here, to be used by the convicts 
within the prison, if required. 

Steam fire engines, formerly known as Nos. 1, 2, 6, 9, and 
21, one known as Mystic No. 1, are kept as spare engines. 

Hose carriages, formerly known as Nos. 1, 2, 3, 5, and 8. 

One hand engine in old Hand Engine House, West Rox- 
bury, and one third class in store at Hose House No. 7. 

Hydrants. 

During the year 256 Hydrants have been established and 
15 abandoned, as follows : — 







Established. 




Abandoned. 




Lowry. 


Boston. 


Post. 


Total. 


Lowry. 


Boston. 


Total. 


Boston Proper 


16 


5 


8 


29 




6 


6 


South Boston 


1 


6 




7 


. . 


. . 


. . 


East Boston 




1 


5 


6 


. . 


1 


1 


Boston Highlands 


5 


9 


8 


22 


2 


4 


6 




5 

27 


7 
12 


20 
74 


32 
113 


• • 


1 
1 


1 


West Roxbury 


1 




9 


6 


28 


43 








Charlestown 


4 






4 








Totals 


67 


46 


143 


256 


2 


13 


15 







Total Number of Hydrants May 1, 1877. 



Boston Proper . . 
South Boston ' . . 
East Boston . . . 
Boston Highlands 
Dorchester . . . . 
West Roxbury . . 

Brighton 

Deer Island . . . 
Charlestown . . . 

Totals . . . . 



Lowry. 



423 
128 
98 
651 
551 
81 
56 

152 



2,140 



Boston. 



851 
346 
182 
99 
35 
14 
7 

31 



1,565 



Post. 



5 

11 

22 

151 

111 

16 



Total. 



1,282 
474 
285 
761 
608 
246 
174 
16 
183 



4,029 



Appendix. 



15 



FIRE RESERVOIRS, 

Whe7'e Water can he obtained in case of Fire %vithin the City of Boston, 

May 1, 1877. 



No. 


Location. 


Capacity. 
(Hhds.) 


Filled by 


Remarks. 


1 






4-inch pipe. 




Anderson street, opposite Phillips 


300 to 400 


Cover in street. 


3 


Blossom, cor. of McLean street . . . 








« K 


Spring. 
4-inch pipe. 


Cover in centre. 


5 


Bowdoin square, opposite Bulfiach 
street 


« 




6 

,7 






u 




Broad, near State street 


300 to 400 


" 




8 


Batterymarch, near Broad street . . 


" 


" 


Cover in street. 


9 


Beacli, cor. of Hudson street .... 




« 




10 


Cambridge, cor. of Irving street . . . 


300 to 400 


" 


Cover in Irving st. 


11 


Cambridge, cor. of Hancock street . 


" 


" 


Cover in Hancock 

St. 

Iron cover. 


12 


Chambers, cor. of Poplar street . . . 


" 


" 


13 






« 




14 


Charlestown street, opposite 52 — at 




Tide. 




15 


Chestnut, cor. of Walnut street . . . 


300 to 400 


4-inch pipe. 


Cover in Walnut st. 


16 






Tide. 




17 


Chestnut, near cor. "West Cedar street 




4-inch pipe. 




18 


Clinton, opposite Fulton street . . . 


300 to 400 


" 


Cover in street. 


19 


Congress, near High street 


" 


" 


Cover on south side 


20 


Court square, opposite south-east cor. 
of the Court-house 




It 


Iron cover. 


21 






,, 




22 


Church street, front of Methodist 




" 


<i ti 


23 






<i <i 


24 


"West Canton street, opposite No. 89 . 


60 to 70 






25 






4-inch pipe. 




26 


West Dedham street, opposite 67 . . 


60 to 70 


« ( 


27 


East street, opposite the School-house 




4-inch pipe. 




28 


Edinboro', near Essex street .... 


60 to 70 


" 


" " 


29 


Essex street, opposite No. 5 


300 to 400 


" 


« « 


30 


Friend, cor. Travers street 




(1 


<i i< 


31 


Franklin, cor. of Hawley street . . . 


60 to 70 . 


" 





16 



City Document No. 55. 



It 



Fire Reservoirs. — Continued. 



No. 


Location. 


Capacity. 

(Hhds.) 


Filled by 


Remarks. 


32 


Franklin, cor. of Devonshire street . 


200 to 400 


4-inch pipe. 




33 
84 






,1 


Iron cover. 


Federal street, opposite Piper's wharf 


300 to 400 


" 




35 
36 






i< 


It « 


Hanover street, opposite No. 96 . . . 


300 to 400 


" 


Cover in street. 


37 


Hanover, at the junction of Salem 




,, 


„ „ 


38 


Hanover street, front of Station-house 
j^o 1 


300 to 400 


Hose. 




39 


Hanover, cor. of Clark street 




40 
41 




« <i 


4-inch pipe. 


Cover opposite No. 


Hawkins street, front of Mayhew 






4. 


42 


Hudson, cor. of Kneeland street . . . 


60 to 70 




Iron cover on side- 


43 
44 










Harrison avenue, cor. of Kneeland 


60 to 70 




Iron cover in cen- 


45 


Harrison avenue, cor. of Bennett street 


tre. 
Iron cover. 


46 


Harrison avenue, opposite Curve 




" 


II II 


47 


Harrison avenue, cor. of Asylum 




II i( 


48 


Harrison avenue, near Hallett & 








49 


Liberty square, opposite No. 1, near 
cor. of Kilby street 


300 to 400 


« 


II <i 


50 


Leverett, opposite Spring street . . . 


i( II 


" 


" " 


51 


Lancaster, cor. of Merrimac street . 


" 




ii <■ 


52 


Mount Vernon street, rear \of the 


<t (1 


„ 


Cover in street. 


63 


Mount Vernon street, near Louisburg 








64 


Myrtle, cor. of Irving street 


.. 




Cover in Irving st. 


55 
56 




•1 i< 




Cover in centre. 


Pearl street, opposite Bturgis street . 


(1 i( 


'< 


Iron cover. 


57 
58 
59 


Pleasant, cor. of Carver street .... 


" " 


" 


Cover in Carver st. 


Salem, cor. Cooper sti-eet 


300 to 400 


" 


Iron cover. 


60 


Salem street, front of Christ Church . 


" 


" 


11 (1 


61 
62 
63 


Shawmut ave., cor. of Canton street . 


« « 






Summer street, opposite 115 


300 to 400 


" 





Appendix. 
Fire Reservoirs. — Continued. 



17 



No. 


Location. 


Capacity. 

(Hhds.) 


Filled by 


Remarks. 


64 


State street, opp. Traveller building . 


300 to 400 


4-inch pipe. 


Iron cover. 


65 
^6 








<< « 


South Market St., opp. No. 35 . . , 


300 to 400 


.' 


Cover opp. No. 35. 


17 


Sudbury square, opp. No. 52 ... . 


" 


" 


Cover in centre. 


i8 


Somerset street, cor. Allston .... 


« 


" 




'69 

r 






,, 






300 to 400 




Cover in square. 


Tremont street, at entrance to Pera- 


2 






" 




3 


Tretnont, cor. of Park street .... 


300 to 400 




74 


Tremont, cor. of Mason street . . . 


" 


" 


" " 


'A 


Tremont, cor. of Boylston street . . 




2-inoh pipe. 


Cover in centre. 


76 


Tremont street, front of Winthrop 








77 


Tremont, cor. Hollis street 


60 to 70 






7s 










79 


Union, opp. North street 


300 to 400 


4-inch pipe. 


Iron cover. 


b 


Washington, cor. of Milk street , . 


» .. 


(( 


( Cover on side, 
J walk, corner Old 
( South Church. 


»1 






„ 




i2 


Washington street, cor. Avon place . 


300 to 400 


" 


St. 

Cover in Avon pi. 


^3 


Washington st., opp. Boston Theatre 




'■ 


Iron cover. 


84 


Washington, opp. Common street . . 


300 to 400 




Cover on sidewalk. 


R"; 






** 




86 


Washington, cor. of Ivneeland street 




Iron cover. 


w 


Washington, cor. of East Castle street 


300 to 400 


" 


Cover in E. Castle 

St. 


PIR 


Washington, cor. of Florence street 






Iw 


Washington street, front of Old 
Franklin School-house 


300 to 400 


« 


Cover on sidewalk 


90 


Washington street, opposite South 








91 


Washington, near cor. Union Park 


300 to 400 


" 




.92 


Washington, coi;. of Brookline street 


Iron cover. 


^3 


Washington, cor .'Northampton street 




« 




Si 


Washington street, opposite Motro- 




i( 




95 


Warrenton, cor. of Eliot street . . . 


300 to 400 


It 


II II 



18 



City Document No. 55. 
Fire Reservoirs. — Continued. 



No. 



100 



102 
103 
104 
105 

106 
107 
108 
109 
110 
111 
112 
113 

114 
115 



117 
118 
119 
120 
121 
122 
123 

124 
125 
126 



Location. 



SOUTH BOSTOK. 

Broadway, near Dorchester avenue . 

A street, opposite church, near 
Broadway 



Broadway, opposite 136, near B street 

Broadway, opposite Baptist church . 

Broadway, opposite Hawes School- 
house 



Broadway, opposite the gate of No. 
579 



B, cor. Fourth street . . 
street, opposite Bolton 
D street, near Broadway 



Broadway, opposite No. 483, near 
Dorchester 



E street, opposite No. 331 . . . 

E, cor. of Baxter street 

Fourth, cor. Dorchester avenue . 

Fourth, cor. of E street 

Fourth, cor. of Dorchester street 
Fifth, cor. of Dorchester avenue 

Emerson street 

Second, near Dorchester street . 



EAST BOSTON. 
Cottage, near Sumner street 



Central square, near cor. of Liver- 
pool and Porter streets 



Chelsea, nearly opp. Decatur st. 



Lexington street, opp. 54 and 56 . . . 
Liverpool, cor. of Maverick street . . 
Maverick sq., opp. Plummer's store . 
Meridian st., opp. the Public Library 
Meridian street, opp. 243 and 245 • . 
Monmouth, near cor. of Marion st. . 



Saratoga street — cover 24 feet, opp. 
Nos. 27 and 29 



Sunmer street, opp. 412 . . . 
Trenton street, opp. No. 86 . 
Webster street, opp. No. 126 



Capacity. 

(Hhds.) 



300 to 400 



Filled by 



4-inch pipe. 



Remarks. 



Cover opposite the 
church. 



Cover on sidewalk. 



Iron cover. 



On sidewalk, side 
of church. 



Iron cover. 



Appendix. 



19 



Fire Reservoirs. — Continued. 



Location. 



ROXBURY DISTRICT. 
Albany street, opp. No. 828 .... 
Adams, cor. of Dudley street . . . 
Cedar street, near Lambert avenue 
Centre, cor. of Gardner street . . . 
Dudley, cor. of Kenilworth street . 
Dudley, near Warren street ..... 
Dudley, cor. of Greenville street . 
Dudley, cor. of Hampden street . . 

Eliot square 

Ellis, cor. of Hawthorne street . . . 

Forest street, opp. No. 36 

Greenville, cor. of Winthrop street 
Hampden street, opp. Norfolk ave. 
Highland, cor. of Cedar street . . . 
Heath street, cor. of Heath place . . 

King street, opp. No. 15 

Mt. Pleasant avenue, opp. No. 49 . 
Millmont street, opp. No. 20 . . . . 
Norfolk street, opp. No. 30 .... 
Oakland, cor. of Thornton street . 
Parker, cor. of Alleghany street . . 
Regent, near St. James street . . . 
Ruggles, cor. of Cabot street . . . . 
Ruggles street, opp. Lingham's store 

Smith street, opp. No. 19 

Swett, cor. of Reed street 



Washington street, opposite Willow 
park 



Washington, cor. Bartlett street . 

Vernon, corner of Auburn street . 

Vernon, corner of Belmont street 

Warren, near Washington street . 

Warren street, junction of Walnut 
avenue ... 



Warren, coi-ner of Waverley street 

Warren street, junction of Blue Hill 
avenue • . . . . 



Capacity. 

(Bids.) 



200 to 300 



300 to 


400 


700 


600 to 


700 


200 to 


300 



400 to 500 
200 to 300 
200 to 300 
600 to 700 
300 to 400 
400 to 500 

600 to 700 
300 to 400 
200 to 300 
800 to 900 
400 to 500 

200 to 300 
400 to 500 



Filled by 



4-iuch pipe. 



Spring. 



4-inch pipe. 



Cover on sidewalk. 



Cover opposite the 
fountain. 



Cover in square. 



20 



City Document No. 55. 
Fire Reservoirs. — Continued. 



No. 


Location. 


Capacity. 
(Hhds.) 


Filled by 


Remarks. 


161 


■Washington, corner of Eustis street . 


200 to 300 






162 


Washington, opposite Zeigler street . 


400 to 500 


4-inch pipe. 




163 


Roxhury, junction of Linden park . 


200 to 300 


" 




164 


Walnut avenue, opposite No. 92 . . 


400 to 500 


" 




165 


Winthrop street, cor. Blue Hill ave. 


700 


u 




166 


"Winslow, cor. of Tabor street . . . 


600 to 700 


Spring. 




167 


Yeoman, corner of Chad wick street . 
DORCHESTER DISTRICT. 


200 to 300 


4-inch pipe. 




168 


Adams, corner of Hancock street . . 


" 


Spring. 




169 


Boston, corner of Cottage street . . . 


600 to 600 


4-inch pipe. 


Iron cover. 


170 


Dorchester avenue, cor. of Adams st. 


" 


" 




171 


Everett, cor. of Elm street, — Harri- 
son SQuure ..■••.•••••. 


.. 






172 


Meeting-House Hill, opposite Engine 
house 17 


100 to 200 
500 to 600 


Spring. 




173 


Narragansett, near Minot street . . . 


.. .. 


174 


Richmond, near Washington street . 


" 






175 


Sumner, cor. of Stoughton street , . 


" 


4-inch pipe. 






176 


Walnut street, opposite Post Oiiice . 


" 


Spring. 






177 


Washington, cor. Bowdoin street . . 


700 to 800 




" " 




178 


Washington st., opposite Gleason's 
factory 


200 to 300 
(Galls.) 










CHARLESTOWN DISTRICT. 




179 


At the Neck, near Albee's store . . 


50,000 


Spring. 


Large. 


180 


Austin street, near head of First . . 


27,000 


Rain. 


Outlets from street. 


181 


Austin street, junction of Lawrence . 


28,000 


Church. 


Water from roof. 


182 


Junction of Bartlett and Green sts. . 


25,000 


Rain. 


Outlets from street. 


183 


Bunker Hill street, between Linden 
and Walnut •••••••.*•• 


27,000 
27,000 


Hydrant. 
Rain. 




184 


Bunker Hill street, near gun-house . 


.< .< .. 


185 


Cor. of Bunker Hill and Elm streets . 


28,000 


" 


" 


186 


Cor. of Bunker Hill and Cook streets 


25,000 


«' 


„ 


187 


Cor. of Bunker Hill and Decatur sts. 


25,000 


" 


" 


188 


Bow street, opposite Richmond . . 


27,000 


Epis. Church. 


Water from roof. 


189 


Cor. of Bainhridge and Moulton sts. 


27,000 


Spring. 




190 


Common street, south-east corner of 
Winthrop sauare 


25,000 


Rain. 


« .< » 


191 


City square, near Bunker Hill Bank . 


30,000 




.. .. » 


192 


Chestnut street, opposite No. 44 . . . 


26,000 


" 


" 


" 



Appendix. 
Fire Iteservoirs. — Continued. 



21 



No. 


Location. 


Capacity. 

(Galls.) 


Filled bv 


Remarks. 


193 


Concord street, 150 feet from Bunker 
Hill street 


15,000 


Sprmg. 




194 


Ferrin street, 100 feet from Bunker 
Hill street 


28,000 


.. 




195 




25,000 
26,000 


First Church. 
Spring. 




196 


Junction of Henley and "Warren sts. . 




197 


Junction of Henley and Chelsea sts. 


27,000 


" 




198 


High street, head of School 


27,000 


Houses. 


" " 


199 


High street, head of Pleasant .... 


27,000 


Church. 


" " " 


200 


Head of Thorndike street, near Main 


10,000 


Spring. 




201 


Junction of Main, Bunker Hill and 
Medford streets 


60,000 






202 


Cor. of Lexington and Tremont sts. . 


27,000 






203 


Lynde street, head of Fifth 


20,000 






204 


Main street, junction of Austin and 


35,000 
15,000 






205 


Main street, opposite Albion court . 






206 


Main street, opposite Phipps street . 


25,000 


Rain. 


Outlets from street. 


207 


Main street, junction of Mill street . 


30,000 




" " 


208 


Mead street, near Crystal 


25,000 


Spring. 




209 


Oak street, junction of Russell . . . 


25,000 






210 


Russell street, near Pearl 


25,000 






211 


Sullivan street, near Main 


26,000 






212 


Cor. of Summer and Elm streets . . 


25,000 






213 


Union street, between Washington 


25,000 
25,000 


Houses. 
Spring. 


"Water from roofs. 


214 


"Walker street, junction of Bartlett . 




215 


"Warren street, near Monument ave. 


25,000 


" 




216 


Cor. of Chelsea st. and Henley place 


25,000 


Spring & well. 





22 



City Document No. 55. 



Fire Reservoirs. — Continued. 
List of Reservoirs and Wells established in West Roxh ury District. 



No. 


Location. 


Reservoirs. 


Depth. 


Capacity. 

(Galls.) 


217 


Hyde's Corner, corner Perkins and 
Centre streets 


Reservoir. 


9 feet. 


18,000 


218 


Centre street, opp. Mr. Emerson's . . 




Ill » 


23,000 


219 


Corner of Centre and Green streets . 


" 


16 " 


32,000 


220 


At Engine House No. 28, Centre st. . 


Well. 


19 " 




221 


On the Green at Flag Staff 


" 


16 " 




222 


On Burroughs street, corner of Brewer 


" 


19 " 

221 « 
15 " 




223 


On Burroughs street, opposite school- 




224 


On Myrtle street 




225 


On Chestnut street, opposite William 




9 " 


16,600 

22,000 
22,000 


226 


On Lamartine street, opposite James 




11 " 


227 


At Hillside school-house 


" 


11 " 


228 


Corner of Harris and Seaverns ave. . 


" 


11 " 


22,000 


229 


Corner of Walnut and School streets 


" 


10 " 


20,000 


230 


West Roxbury, near Post Office, 


" 


10 " 
10 " 


20,000 


231 


Corner of School and Washington 


25,000 
25,000 


232 


Corner Chestnut street and Spring 




10 " 


233 


Corner Centre and Orchard streets . . 


Well. 


22 " 


234 


Corner South and Poplar streets . . . 


Reservoir. 


10 " 


25,000 


235 


Corner Centre and Lagrange streets . 


" 


10 " 




236 


Mt. Vernon, near Centre street . . . 


" 


14 " 




237 


Poplar street, Boslindale 


Well. 


10 " 






BRIGHT 


ON DISTRICT 








Location. 


Capacity. 

(Hhds.) 


Remarks. 


238 




250 


Self-supplied 
Supplied fron 
Supplied fron 




239 




200 




240 




200 











F I E. E E. E C O E/ 3JD FOE. T SI E ]vn O 



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23 



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24 



City Document No. 55. 



TABLE No. 2. 

Exhibiting the Number of Alarms for the Days of the Week, from 3Iay 
1, 1876, to Ajiril 30, 1877. 



Months. 



May . . . 
June . . • 
July . . . 
August . . 
September 
October . 
November 
December 
January . 
February . 
March . . 
April . . . 



10 
8 

11 
7 
2 
7 
4 
4 
8 

10 
9 
3 



4 
3 
6 
4 
10 

10 
5 
6 
6 
4 



30 
35 
51 
48 
39 
37 
42 
55 
43 
48 
37 
44 



Totals 



67 



509 



Appendix. 



25 






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26 



City Document No. 55. 



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Appendix. 



27 



TABLE No. 5. 

Showing the different causes of Fires and Alarms, from 
May 1st, 1876, to April 30th, 1877: — 



Accidental 

Alarms for fires out of town 

" false . 

" needless 
Boiler, defective 
Boiling over of fat . 

" " " molasses 

" " " oil . 

" «' " pitch 
Bonfires 

Brush, burning of . 
Carelessness . 
Chimneys, burning out of foul 

" defective 

Fire-works and crackers 
Flues, defective 
Furnaces, defective 

' ' overheated 
Gas, explosion of . 
" leakage of 
" jets, careless use of 
txasoline explosion . 
Grass, burning of . 
Hot ashes 

" coals from fire-box 
Incendiary, supposed 
Kerosene lamps, explosion of 

" " upsetting of 

Lightning 
Lime, slaking of 
Machinery, friction of 
Matches, playing with 
Naphtha, explosion 
Nitrate of soda, explosion 
Oil, hot . 

Ovens, overheated . 
Overheating of journal 
" " vat . 



25 

8 

8 

11 

1 

2 

1 

3 

2 

2 

4 

36 

32 

12 

5 

24 

2 

8 

3 

3 

7 

1 

3 

5 

1 

55 

17 

8 

2 

2 

4 

27 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 



28 



City Document No. 55. 



Phosphorus , overheating 
Plastering, drying of 
Eags, burning of . 
Ranges, defective . 
Eats and matches . 
Spontaneous combustion . 
Steam boiler, explosion of 

" pipes . 
Sparks from locomotives . 

" " forge . 

" " chimneys 

" " furnace and boiler 

" " stove . 
Stoves, overheated . 

" pipes 
Unknown 

Vitriol, breaking of carboy 
I Water-pipes, thawing out of 



1 
1 
1 
1 

6 

18 

1 

2 

2 

2 

8 

4 

1 

23 

7 

97 

1 

3 



Appendix. 



29 






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30 



City Document No. 55. 





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Engine House, No. 7 

"10 

" "19 

" "22 

" "26 

Chemical Engine House, No. 4 

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" "4 

" 6 ..... . 

H. & L. House, No. 9 

Hand Engine House, "W. R. . . 
Spare H. & L. Truck, W. R. . . 

Central Store-House 

Derne Street Store-House . . . 



Appendix. 



31 



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Fire Department Repair Shop 

City Hall, Charlestown 

Bunker Hill School, Charlestown , , . 
High " " ... 
Prescott " " ... 


Winthrop " " ... 
Warren " " ... 


c 
E- 





32 



City Document No. 55. 



Recapitulation of the Number of Alarms of Fire, and the 
Losses and Insurance on the same, from 



Sept. 1, 1829, to AuE 

" 1S30, " 

" 1831, " 

" 1832, " 

" 1833, " 
" 1834, 

1833, " 

1837, " 

1838, 

1S39, " 

1840, 

" 1841, " 

" 1842, " 

1843, " 
" 1844, 

" 1845, " 

" 184G, " 

1847, 

" 1S48, " 

1849, " 

'< 1850, " 

" 1851, " 

1852, " 
" 1853, 
" 1854, 
" 1855, 

" 1856, " 

" 1857, " 

" 1858, '' 

" 1859, " 

" 1860, " 

" 1861, " 

" 1862, " 

" 1863, " 



31, 1830 
1831 
1832 
1833 
1834 
1835 
1837 
1838 
1839 
1840 
1841 
1842 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1858 
1859 
1860 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1864 



110 
62 
89 
159 
130 
109 
159 
105 
96 
113 
140 
194 
232 
■ 267 
223 
289 
270 
282 
339 
240 
333 
169 
205 
195 
174 
167 
164 
161 
166 
194 
172 
172 
141 
188 



Losses. 



$118,540 

23,620 

68,195 

74,613 

69,405 

107,440 

130,295 

32,118 

140,004 

77,973 

102,975 

102,118 

128,666 

164,083 

234,591 

226,338 

172,993 

222,273 

300,525 

123,660 

386,107 

492,849 

515,167 

150,772 

537,604 

409,353 

258,231 

390,657 

761,370 

521,383 

617,213 

1,107,569 

367,429 

858,381 



Insurance. 



$52,750 

4,320 

40,975 

25,713 

37,925 

45,970 

55,125 

20,238 

61,191 

58,632 

36,920 

44,5.33 

90,086 

95,252 

169,440 

155,205 

87,159 

162,085 

216,992 

76,197 

192,937 

215,315 

295,056 

106,880 

361,047 

287,832 

233,787 

316,207 

646,210 

471,853 

405,928 

806,433 

120,909 

493,369 



Population. 



61,392 



78,603 



85,000 



114,3 



138,788 



177,902 



Appendix. 



33 



Recapitulation. — Concluded. 



Sept. 1, 1864, to Aug. 31, 1865 

1865, " 1S66 

1866, to Dec. 31, 1866 
Jan. 1, 1867, " 1867 

1868, " 1868 

1869, " 1869 

1870, " 1870 

1871, " 1871 

1872, " 1872 

1873, " 1873 

1874, to April 30, 1874 
May 1,1874, " 1875 

1875, " 1876 

1876, " 1877 



Alarm. 


Losses. 


Insurance. 


131 


$559,749 


$318,067 


221 


681,554 


474,171 


64 


408,560 


382,700 


284 


402,115 


340,765 


293 


401,106 


314,706 


385 


437,723 


335,975 


497 


855,571 


786,463 


549 


704,329 


534,991 


640 


*1, 516,549 


1,298,983 


620 


2,680,953 


2,010,633 


291 


941,483 


1,607,782 


702 


1,228,403 


3,677,008 


483 


541,272 


3,076,483 


509 


481,354 


2,827,528 



Population. 



250,750 



* The losses and insurance of the great fire of the ninth of November, 1872, are not included 
in the above table. The amount of property destroyed can be set down at $75,000,000. The 
area, 65 acres; buildings destroyed, 776, of which 709 were brick and stone, and 67 wood. 
3 



34 



City Document No. 55. 



APPENDIX B. 

Fiee-Alaem Telegraph. 

The Ordinance to establish a Fire Department, passed in 
October, 1873, placed the Fire-Alarm Telegraph and the 
public bells and clocks under the charge of the Board of Fire 
Commissionei's. The force employed is as follows : — 

Superintendent. 
John F. Keunard. 



Cyrus A. George, 
Charles M. Chaplin, 



George S. Thom, 



OjJerators. 



Granville S. Mendell, 
Uzziel Putnam. 



Repairers. 

Wm. H. Godfrey. 

Batteryman. 
Wm. B. Green. 



Adam McAfee, 



A constant watch is kept at the head-quarters, City Hall, 
night and day, by the operators. Each operator serves two 
alternate terms, of three hours each as principal, and the 
same as assistant operator; so that 12 hours' service at 
the office, out of every twenty-four, is required from each 
operator. No operator is permitted to sleep during his 
watch, unless expressly relieved by some one else, and by 
consent of the Superintendent. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for any 
mistakes that may occur at the office during his hours of 
duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each 
alarm, and of the station from which it originates, and all 
other necessary information. 

The wires to East Boston pass through Chelsea, and a box 
and gong have been placed in the City Marshal's office of 
Chelsea, and connected with them, in order that aid may be 
promptly summoned by either city in case of need. 

The following notice is printed with the numbers of the 
boxes and circulated among the citizens, for the purpose of 
instructing them as to the manner of giving alarms and cau- 



Appendix. 35 

tioning holders of signal keys in regard to the nse of such 
keys. 

The fact that an alarm-box is located near their residence, 
and whore the key is kept, should be known to all persons, 
both male and female ; and the simple manner of giving an 
alarm in case of fire should be a matter of common educa- 
tion. The Board of Fire Commissioners recommend to all 
persons who may see this notice, that they make the neces- 
sary inquiries to enable them, in case of need, either to get 
the key and pull the box, or to direct others to do so. Time 
saved in this way may sometimes prevent a conflagration. 

In case of fire, follow these 

Directions. 

Get the key to the nearest box to the fire. 

Open the box — pull the hook all the way down once, and 
let go. 

Wait one fall minute for the sound of the bells. 

If you hear no sound ^ji</Z again, and the third time if you 
get no sound. 

If you fail the third time, go to the next nearest box and 
do the same there — but do not touch any other box if the 
nearest one gives the alarm. 

After giving the alarm remain a while ii possible by the 
box, so as to direct the firemen to the fire. 

The police, upon hearing the bells, will spring their rattles 
and call the number of the box. 

Cautions to Persons Holding Signal Keys. 

1. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in 
case of fire. 

2. Never sound the alarm for a fire seen at a distance. 

3. Be reasonably sure there is a fire before sounding the 
alarm . 

4. Be sure your box is locked before leaving it. 

5. Never let the key go out of your possession, except to 
some responsible person to give an alarm of tire, and be 
sure the key is returned. 

6. If you remove from your house or place of business, 
return the key to the Fire- Alarm Ofiice without delay. 

Regulations Concerning Fire Alarms. 

First Alarm to be given by striking three or more rounds. 
Second Alarm to be given by striking ten blows. 




3Cf City Document No. 55. 

Third Alarm to be given by striking twelve blows twice, 
thus: 12-12. 

In cases where the entire department are required, signal 
to be given by striking twelve blows three times, thus : 
12-12-12. 

In cases where Hook and Ladder Companies only are 
wanted, signal to be given by striking ten blows once, with 
the No. of the Company struck twice, thus : H. & L. No. 1, 
10-1-1 ; H. & L. No. 2, 10-2-2, etc. 

If more than one Hook and Ladder Company, tlie signal 
will be given thus : H. & L. Nos, 1 and 3, 10-1-1-3-3 ; H. 
& L. Nos. 2 and 4, 10-2-2-4-4, etc. 

In case of second and third alarms, the "tappers" in all 
the houses of the apparatus will be struck 2-2 twice when 
Jire is out. The order for this signal to be given by the 
officer in command, at the earliest practicable moment. 

Chaelestown District. 

All alarms from boxes in Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7, 
will be struck in Charlestown in the same manner as they 
are struck elsewhere. 

Alarms from boxes in Districts 6, 8, 9 and 10, will be 
given in Charlestown as follows, viz. : — 

First Alarms, not struck. 
Second Alarms, by striking the box number. 
Third Alarms, «< 12 blows twice. 

General Alarms, " 12 blows three times. 

All alarms from boxes in Charlestown will be struck in 
Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7, in the usual manner. 

In Districts 6, 8, 9 and 10, alarms from boxes in Charles- 
toum will be given as follows, viz. : — 

First Ahirms, not struck. 
Second Alarms, by striking the box number. 
Third Alarms, " 12 blows twice. 

General Alarms, " 12 blows three times. 

West Eoxbley District. 

First Alarms will be struck upon the bells of this District 
only, and a message by Dial Line will be sent to District 
Engineer Hewins. 

Second Alarms will be given by striking 33 on all the 
bells, followed by the Box number the usual number of 
rounds. 

Third and Genernl Alarms in the usual manner. 



Appendix. 37 



Brighton District. 

The First Alarm will not be struck upon the bells outside 
the District, but a message be sent from the Fire Alarm 
Office by Dial Line, to Dist. Engineer Colligan. 

The Second Alarm will be given by striking the Box num- 
ber on all the bells and. gongs the usual number of rounds. 

The Third Alarm will be given by striking 12 blows twice. 

General Alarms, 12 blows three times. 

But the General Alarm will not be struck without special 
orders from the Chief Engineer. 

Chelsea Alarms. 

The call upon Chelsea will be given by striking upon the 
Charlestown and East Boston circuits the box number 198, 
four rounds. 

The call from Chelsea upon this department will be given 
by striking upon all the circuits of the city the box number 
198, three rounds; the same for 1st, 2d and 3d alarms. 

Deer Island. 

189 struck three times on the East Boston circuit and the 
Fire-Boat Gong. 

School Signal. 
22 struck three times on all the bells. 

Police Call. 
Eleven blows struck three times on all the bells. 

Military Call. 

Fifteen blows struck three times on all the bells. 
The Police and Military signals will in no case be given 
for an alarm of fire. 

Special Eegulations. 

Members of companies of the " Call Force " shall report 
at the houses of their respective companies, and remain there 
20 minutes, whenever second alarms are sounded from boxes 
to which their companies would respond on third alarms. 

Members of the several companies of the department, 
call as well as permanent, must remain in their respective 
districts when a fire is in progress in any other district, unless 
the apparatus to which they are attached is called thither. 



38 City Document No. 55. 

The necessity for this requirement must be evident in view of 
the possibility of two or more fires occurring at the same 
time in different parts of the city. 

On the third alarm from boxes 61, 65, 68, 69, 72, 73, 74, 
75, 76, 78, 81, 82, 83, 86, 612, Engine Co. No. 6 will 
take position in the house of Engine Co. No. 4. On the third 
alarm from boxes 2 to 19, or from the East Boston or 
Charlestown Districts, Engine Co. No. 22 will take position 
in the house of Engine Co. No. 26. 

In case of a fire in South Boston and Roxbury, where 
Hook and Ladder Company No. 3 is called on second and 
third alarms. Hook and Ladder Company No. 8 will respond 
to all " Boxes " on Tremont Street and east of that line in 
the city proper. Hook and Ladder Company No. 1 will 
respond to all Boxes west of Tremont street, but not includ- 
ing those on that line. 

In case of second or third alarms calling Hook and Ladder 
Company No. 3 north of Boylston and Beach streets, Llook 
and Ladder Company No. 4 will respond on the first alarm 
to the following boxes, in addition to those at which they 
are already called Boxes: 63, 68, 69, 71, 73, 75, 76, 79, 
81, 84, 87, 89, and Hook and Ladder Company No. 5, under 
similar circumstances, will respond to boxes bQ, 57, 58, 59, 
61, 62, 64, 65, 67, 68, 72, 85. 

In case of second alarms from boxes 48, 51, 53, 56, 58, 

61, Engine No. 9 will take position in the house of H. & 
L. 1. 

In case of second alarms from boxes 49, 52, 54, 57, 59, 

62, Engine No. 11 will take position in the house of H. & 
L. 1. 

General Alarm. 

Engine 4 not to go outside of Districts 3, 4, 5 or 7. 
" 5 not to leave East Boston. 
" 16 will take position in Engine House 18. 

Hose 1 and 4 not to leave Charlestown unless called to 
Chelsea. 

Elose 12 will take position at Engine House 1. 

Engine Company No. 29 will answer all General Alarins 
given for boxes South of Dover and Berkeley streets (except- 
ing the Dorchester District) , information being given from 
Head-quarters Fire- Alarm Telegraph, by Dial Line ; they 
will report to the officer in command at the fire. For boxes 
north of that line they will take position in Engine House 
No. 13. 

In case of a fire in Brighton, Roxbury, or Dorchester, 
where Engine Company No. 28 is called, Chemical Engine 



Appendix. 39 

Company 'No. 7 will take position in Engine House No. 28 
until their return. 

Brighton Alaems. 

Second Alarm — Engine Company Xo. 23 will take posi- 
tion in the house of Engine No. 22. 

Third Alarpi — Engine Company No. 14 will take posi- 
tion in the House of Engine Company No. 22, and Engine 
Company No 24 in the house of Engine No. 23. 

Chelsea Alarms. 

Upon the first call from Chelsea, Engine Co. No. 5 will 
go directly ; Eugine Co. No. 8 will go to Chelsea Ferry and 
cross in the ferry-boat, waiting till it comes if it is uot there 
on their arrival ; Hose Co. No. 4 will go by Chelsea Bridge, 
and Assistant Engineer Dunbar will go iu command ; Hose 
Co. No. 3 Avill move and take position in the house of Hose 
Co. No. 4. 

On the second call from Chelsea, Engine Co. No. 11 will 
go directly; Engine Co. No. 10 and Hook and Ladder Co. 
No. 8 will go to Chelsea Ferry and cross in the ferrj'-boat, 
waiting till it comes, if it is not there on their arrival ; Hose 
Co. No. 1 will go l)y Chelsea Bridge; Assistant Engineer 
Cunningham will report to the Chief Engineer of Chelsea. 

On the tJiird call from Chelsea, Engine Cos. Nos. 7 and 26 
will go to Chelsea Ferry and cross in the ferry-boat. Engine 
Co. No. 22 will take position in the house of Engine Co. 
No. 26. 

On notice of a Fire at Deer Island, the Superintendent of 
Fire Alarms is directed to strike 189 on the East Boston 
Circuit and the Fire-Boat Gong. He will also notify the 
Chief Engineer by special message. 

Engine Co. No. 5, Hose Co. No. 6, and the Fire Boat 
are hereby directed to respond ; the Engine and Hose Com- 
panies going by land to Winthrop Point. 

Assistant Engineer Dunbar will go in command. 

There are 244 Signal Stations or Boxes, and the accom- 
panying " liuniiing Card'' shows the location of each Box, 
and also the companies responding to 1st, 2d and 3d alarms 
from the several Boxes. 



40 



City Document No. 55. 






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Appendix. 



41 



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Appendix. 



47 



EeC APITUL ATION . 

There are 244 fire-alarm boxes, diviclecl as follows, viz. : — 

Boston ......... 77 

South Boston . . . . . . . . 25 

East Boston 24 

Roxbury ........ 36 

Dorchester . . . . . . . . 32 

Charlestown . . . . . . . . 25 

West Roxbury . . . . . . . 16 

Brighton ........ 8 

Chelsea ......... 1 



244 

The following boxes are private property : 68, 198, 631, 
612, 442, 415 and 418. 



Stock and Fixtures. 



Magnetic Fire- Alarm Apparatus, the whole cost of which 
is about $100,000. Working Lines of Wire about 250 
miles ; Signal Boxes in use, 244 ; Striking Machines, 50, 
and one not in use ; Large Gongs, 52 ; Small Gongs, 42 ; 
Tappers, 56; Vibrators, 17; Clocks — one electric watch 
clock ; two repeating three-dial clocks for striking signals ; 
Magneto-Electric Machine, for striking bells, 1, loaned to 
Tufts College ; Relay Magnets, 15 ; Ten Pen Register, 1 ; 
Office Bells, 17 ; Telegraph Keys, 18 ; Dial Instruments, 16 ; 
13 Sounders and Keys in charge of District Engineers ; 1 
switch board ; 1 large galvanometer for spare and local bat- 
tery ; 15 small do., for signal batteries; 2 portable rheo- 
tropes ; 1 chronometer ; 1 set telegraphic apparatus in Su- 
perintendent's house ; 5 sets telegraphic apparatus in assist- 
ants' houses ; 1 set alarm apparatus in use in West Roxbury ; 
1 repeating instrument ; 1 small switch board from Charles- 
town ; 851 battery cups in use; 1,200 lbs. sulphate of cop- 
per; 200 lbs. zinc; 300 battery coppers ; 100 lbs. sulphate 
of zinc; brackets, wire, insulators, etc., office furniture, bed- 
steads, bedding, and sundry other articles. 



Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-Alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells : — 

Adams School-house, Sumner Street, East Boston, steel, 
2,91)5 lbs., owned by city. 



48 City Document No. 55. 

Andrew School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Berkeley-street Church, composition, 2,538 lbs. 

Bowdoin-square Church, composition, 3,882 lbs. 

Boylston Market, corner Washington and Boylston streets, 
composition, 529 lbs., owned by city. 

Boylston School-house, Washington, near Dover street, 
composition, 818 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, 2,009 lbs., owned 
by city. 

Castle-street Church, corner Washington and Castle streets, 
composition, 1,760 lbs., owned by city. 

Chapman School-house, Eutaw street, East Boston, steel, 
3,109^ lbs., owned by city. 

Charles-street Church, composition, 1,883 lbs. 

Chemical Engine No. 6, Allston, composition, about 400 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Church-street Church, composition, 1,059 lbs., owned by 
city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Dean School-house, Wall Street, composition, 712 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine House, Centre street. West Roxbury, composition, 
owned by city. 

Engine House No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 2,911 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 11, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 12, Dudley street, Boston Highlands, 
composition, 3,509 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester, 
composition, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine House No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs, owned by 
city. 

Everett School-house, Northampton street, composition, 
1,501 lbs., owned by city. 



\ 



Appendix. 49 

Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs., owned by citj. 
FrankliD-place School-house, corner Tremout and Franklin 

place, Boston Highlands, composition, 2,958 lbs., owned 

by city. 
Fire Department repair-shop, corner Harrison avenue and 

Wareham streets, steel, 1,000 lbs., owned by city. 
George-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 

4,160 lbs., owned by city. 
Hancock School-house, Parmenter street, composition, 4,090 

lbs., owned by city. 
Hose House No. 12, South Boston, composition, 800 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 3,400 

lbs., owned by city. 
Lewis School-house, Dale street, Boston Highlands, com- 
position, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 
Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 

3,110 lbs., owned by city. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 

lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Quincy School-house, Tyler street, composition, 2,941 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Eice School-house, Appleton street, composition, 3,042 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Rubber Factory, Charlestown, composition, 999 lbs., owned 

by city. 
Saratoga street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 

lbs., owned by city. 
Sharp School-house, Anderson, corner Pinckney street, com- 
position, 900 lbs., owned by city. 
Shawmut-avenue Church, composition, 1,909 lbs. 
Smith-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 

4,083 lbs., owned by city. 
Stone Chapel, composition, 2,800 lbs. 
Tremont-street Church, steel, 3,324 lbs. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs., 

owaied by city. 
Winthrop School-house, Charlestow^n, composition, 3,000 

lbs., owned by city. 

In addition to the foregoing. Bells are located as follows, 
which are rung for alarms of fire": — 
4 



50 City Document No. 55. 

Cliemical Engine House No. 4, West Koxbuiy District. 
Hand Engine House, West Eoxbury District. 

Public Clocks. 

The following Public Clocks, 39 in number, are taken care 
of by the city : — 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Boylston Market. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Saleni street, owned by city. 

Castle-street Church. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Hollis-street Church. 

Lynde-street Church. 

Odd Fellow's Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

State-street Clock. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by city. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Williams Market, illuminated by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

Bigelow School-house, owned by city. 
Gaston School-house, owned by city. 
Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 
Phillips Church, owned by city. 
Ticknor School-house, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Maverick-square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 

Boston Highlands. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 

Dudley-street Church. 

Dudley street, illuminated by city. 

Metropolitan Stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 



Appendix. 51 

Dorchester. 



Neponset Church. 

Tileston School, owned by city. 

Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills), 

CJiarlestoion. 
Bunker Hill Church. 
City Hall, owned by city. 
Harvard Hill Church. 
High School-house, owned by city. 
Unitarian Church. 

West JRoxhury. 
Dr. Strong's Church. 
Unitarian Church. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by city. 



52 



City Document No. 55. 



SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY. 



Apparatus. 

33 engines, steam fire . 
8 " chemical 

2 " hand . 

1 fire-boat and fixtures . 

35 hose carriages (horse) 
27 " tenders . 
12 hook and ladder carriages without ladders 
1 aerial ladder 

1 Skinner " 

36 pungs (hose and jobbing) 

5 sleighs (engineer's) . 
16 wagons (coal) . 

6 " (engineer's). 
5 " (supply) . 

2 top buggies 
21,602 ft. hose— leather 
30,108 " cotton 
20,161 " rubber 
2,289 " chemical 
823 " suction 
233 belts, spanner 

15 

61 butt-straps 

49 chucks, Lowry 

51 couplings, extra 

59 " 

29 " fresh-water connections 

491 ft. chains, guy 

105 dogs and chains 

86 extinguishers . 

42 goose-necks 

5 grates, spare (engine) 

111 gongs, brass . 

25 hammers (dog) 

58 hooks (plaster) 

208 lanterns . 

16 link blocks (extra) 

58 lines, guy 

288 " hose 



doggers 



enlarsring 



Amount. 

100,000 00 

16,500 00 

500 00 

30,000 00 

21,000 00 

2,700 00 

12,000 00 

1,988 00 

2,000 00 

2,700 00 

500 00 

4,200 00 

900 00 

500 00 

200 00 

10,800 00 

18,648 00 

10,080 00 

458 00 

4,115 00 

22 30 

7 50 

61 00 

441 00 

76 50 

44 25 

87 00 

367 25 

210 00 

900 00 

42 00 

37 50 

555 00 

25 00 

58 00 

364 00 

60 00 

174 00 

86 40 



Amount carried forward 



$243,407 70 



Appendix. 



53 



A.mount brought forward 
43 lines, life 
10 " hauling . 
235 ladders . 
48 ' ' house . 

8 ' ' Bangor 
69 bolts and keys . 

9 nozzles, spray . 
25 " shut off 
3 nozzle, spreading 
86 oil-feeders 
85 pipes, brass 
23 " street . 
83 *' leather . 
5 " rubber . 

29 " frost 
74 poles (crotch) . 

30 pots (lead) 

1 pole (engine, extra) 
57 rounds (ladder) 
5 rams (battering) 
22 rakes 
12 runners . 
455 spanners 

3 sledges 

5 pr. shafts (extra) 
5 pr. tongs (pipe) 
18 valves (relief) . 

2 fire-hooks and pole 

4 extra wheels 



$243,407 70 

U 00 

30 00 

1,350 00 

]50 00 

1,221 44 

34 50 

18 00 

375 00 

15 00 

21 50 

85 00 

23 00 
83 00 
45 00 

86 25 
74 00 
30 00 

2 50 
5 70 

15 00 

22 00 

24 00 
113 75 

3 00 

25 00 
10 00 

1,800 00 

5 00 

50 00 













$249,161 34 


Horses and Harness. 


48 blankets, fly . 


$30 00 


77 " stable 










231 00 


143 " street 










429 00 


2 ' ' rubber 










6 00 


32 bridles (extra) 
9 breast-plates (extra) 
38 bits (extra) 
3 buffalo-robes 










40 00 
18 00 
76 00 
51 00 


21 collars (extra) . 
137 horses . 










42 00 A 
37,675 00 m 


51 harnesses, double 










6,375 00 W 



Amount carried forward 



$44,973 00 



54 



City Document No. 55. 



Amount hrought forward 
42 harnesses, single 
32 " lead 

14 hames (extra) . 
133 halters and halter bridles 
30 " chains 

12 horse boots 
3 " hoods 

13 lines (extra) . 
37 lead bars . 
35 pads for collars 

51 surcingles 
49 sleigh-bells (strings) 
2 saddles 

52 whips 
2 whiiHetrees (extra) . 



Furniture 



143 bedsteads (iron) 

160 " (wooden) 

92 bureaus . 

25 bookcases 

12 benches . 

833 chairs 

44 clocks 

48 closets (portable) 

2,393 yds. carpet . 

35 desks 

24 heaters . 

106 looking-glasses 

2 lounges 

37 lamps 

405 yds. matting (old) 

^'^ stoves 

41 stove-boilers 

7 stools 

52 saws and horses 

58 step-ladders 

76 settees 

78 tables . • . 

296 towels . 

46 towel-rollers . 

891 window-shades 



$44,973 


00 


31 


50 


384 


00 


13 


00 


133 


00 


15 


00 


24 


00 


9 


00 


13 


00 


37 


00 


105 


00 


25 


50 


78 


50 


6 


00 


■ 52 


00 


4 


00 


$45,903 


50 


$715 


00 


800 


00 


1,399 


00 


750 


00 


24 


00 


833 


00 


220 


00 


240 


00 


1,196 


50 


350 


00 


2,400 


00 


530 


00 


10 


00 


11 


10 


10 


00 


1,020 


00 


42 


00 


- 3 


00 


62 


16 


174 


00 


152 


00 


468 


00 


74 


00 


23 


00 


2,673 


00 


$14,179 


76 



Appendix. 



oi) 



Bedding. 








260 blankets, double, wool .... $880 00 


144 " single " 








200 00 


193 counterpanes, white 








280 00 


75 " figured 




\ 




75 00 


281 comforters 








281 00 


308 mattresses, hair 








2,772 00 


282 " husk . 








564 00 


221 pillows, hair . 








276 25 


149 " feather -. 








149 00 


696 pillow-slips, cotton 








348 00 


945 sheets, cotton 








472 50 



Tools. 



158 axes 
9 axe-helves 
17 brushes, tube . 
82 " horse . 
56 " scrub . 
32 " floor . 
39 " window 
19 " paint . 
47 " stove 
62 " dust . 
41 benches (work) 
106 brooms, stable 
93 " house . 

138 buckets, wooden 

43 " leather 
46 baskets . 
69 coal-hods 
217 cans 
72 cold chisels 

44 crow-bars 
74 currycombs 
4 clamps (hands) 
12 dusters, feather 

45 " hair 
59 dust-pans 
2 drills 
21 expanders (hose coupling) 

Avnount carried forward 



1,297 75 



$158 00 
2 00 

17 00 
21 00 
14 00 
32 00 
19 00 
10 00 

9 40 

31 00 
205 00 

53 00 

32 55 
34 50 
32 25 
23 00 
34 50 

108 50 

18 00 
55 00 
17 60 

2 00 
12 00 
45 00 
14 75 

1 00 
42 00 

$1,044 05 



56 



City Document No. 55. 



Anwunt brought forward 








$1,044 05 


106 files (assorted) 








2Q> 50 


14 forks, manure . 










7 00 


131 " hay 










65 50 


4 grindstone 










12 00 


6 hose templets 










9 00 


11 hatchets . 










5 50 


2 handles 










20 


7 hay-cutters 










70 00 


21 hammers, chipping 










21 00 


10 '< claw. 










15 00 


253 hooks, hose tower 










126 50 


31 " manure 










15 50 


48 jacks, iron 










168 00 


30 " wooden 










90 00 


1 knife (draw) 










1 00 


60 measures, wooden 










7 50 


112 mop yarns 










33 60 


104 " sticks 










5 20 


1 phillister . 










2 00 


32 picks 










32 00 


3 pick-helves 










60 


6 J) inch-bars 










9 00 


3 rasps (wood) 










1 50 


18 rakes 










18 00 


130 shovels . 










130 00 


51 " stove . 










10 00 


30 sieves 










15 00 


1 spoke-shave 










75 


12 saws (hand) 




^ 






10 00 


60 squillgees 










• 29 00 


36 vises 










180 00 


404 washers (hose) 










8 00 


231 wrenches, engine . 










115 00 


114 " hydrant . 










342 00 


73 " screw 










365 00 


18 " reservoir 








72 00 




$3,062 90 


Miscellaneous. 


63 ash-barrels . . . . . . $125 00 


705 badges . . . . . . . 1,400 00 


138 gross buttons 789 00 


52 blocks, double ...... 

Amount carried forward .... 


156 00 


$2,470 00 



Appendix. 



57 



Amount broiujht fonvard 

51 blocks, single 

58 chests, grain 

1 chest, tool . 

500 device for caps 

707 fire-hats 

14 library boxes 

131 mats (door) 

28 overcoats 

4,223 feet rope 

269 spittoons 

34 snmmer gates 

1 truck for moving engines 

In store-house, small supplies 

Stock and tools, apparatus repair-shop 
" " hose and harness shop 

Property in store-room of Engine House No. 4 ; 
Hose House No. 7 ; Reservoir on Derne 
street, and at Engine House No. 29, Brigh- 
ton District, at a valuation of about . 



$2,470 00 

102 00 

290 00 

5 00 

275 00 

1,414 00 

42 00 

65 00 

30 00 

200 00 

269 00 

100 00 

50 00 

9,041 34 

12,600 00 

1.256 98 



350 00 



Recapitulation. 



Apparatus 
Horses and 
Furniture 
Bedding 
Tools . 
Miscellaneous 



larness 



28,560 32 



$249,161 34 

45,903 50 

14,179 76 

6,297 75 

3,062 90 

28,560 32 



Total 



$347,165 57 



m 



EXPENDITURES OF FIRE DEPARTMENT FROM MAY 1, 1876, TO APRIL 30, 1877, 



Salaries 

Repairs on ApparatiiB 

Repairs on Houses 

Now Hose 

Repairs on Hose 

Fuel for Houses 

Fuel forEugines 

Printing, Stationery, etc 

Furniture, Bed.ling, etc 

Vra»hing 

Small Supplies 

Horses. Purchase anrl Exchange . . 

Horse-shoeing 

Hay, Grain, etc 

Horse-hire, Keeping, etc 

Tools, Stable Furniture, etc 

Harness and Repairing 

Oils, Preser\'ativeB, etc 

Hats, Badges, Buttons, etc 

Ladders, Rakes, Axes, etc 

Reservoirs, Hydrant-signs, etc. . . . 
Rations and Supplies for Fire Boat . . 

Extra Service 

Tools and Machinery for Repair Shop 

Xew App.iratus 

Contingencos 

Water. Houses and Fire Boat . . . 
Water. Hydrants and Reservoirs . . 
Care of Hydrants and Reservoirs . . . 



Totals . 



$31,488 2.i 
1,314 36 



140 43 
2J7 411 
998 8S 
46 51 



214 22 
159 44 



1,168 22 
:15 88 



171 99 
17 95 



$31,6J4 02 
1,020 25 
456 70 
9 00 
41 25 
239 78 
130 65 
177 42 
78 69 

70 86 
250 74 
109 60 
675 00 
280 28 

1,189 63 
3 50 
28 26 

71 75 



21 20 

105 00 

14 00 

19 81 

178 25 

2 40 

1.328 60 

69.930 00 

46,620 00 



$31,728 64 
1,142 96 
273 07 
255 60 
76 35 
43 43 
31 50 
162 83 
70 52 
28 68 
213 61 
178 27 

279 90 

1,267 28 

7 95 

11 33 

54 22 

1 15 
6 26 



$31,929 01 

1,554 62 

315 36 

77 35 

70 20 
209 18 

31 60 
574 01 
81 68 

71 38 
207 75 



317 61 
1,309 79 
30 22 
64 99 
69 31 
71 25 
22 45 
64 00 



19 49 
00 00 
139 58 



30,796 29 

1.246 05 

127 03 

266 60 

78 00 
156 13 

63 00 
129 64 

80 90 

29 04 
281 29 
188 94 



260 37 

1.304 57 

2 50 

18 67 

192 96 



15 90 
105 00 



$30,943 90 
978 33 
143 34 

90 78 
133 59 
121 38 

68 SO 
174 30 
264 02 

97 35 
20S 65 
231 94 

300 63 
1,207 99 

51 89 
83 65 
1 26 

20 75 

21 65 
105 00 



280 10 
1,4S5 23 
16 S5 
4 13 
143 89 
93 96 



31,602 10 

1,226 85 

178 16 



60 38 
102 01 



232 21 
220 56 



216 05 
185 04 



227 13 
1.462 23 
19 40 
13 05 
57 74 
75 38 
15 50 
96 UO ' 



$31,702 68 

1,138 72 

259 02 



394 40 
256 65 
174 69 
100 09 
1.59 63 
151 40 

67> 91 
1,632 69 
108 50 
5 11 
51 21 
74 40 
10 05 

20 00 
105 00 



$31,509 77 
845 93 
60 10 



881 53 
98 94 
.50 13 
200 tS 
239 03 
250 00 
273 58 
1,723 89 
67 65 
1 50 
117 04 
18 68 



98 77 



170 00 
23 73 



Transfers 

from repairs of 

Apparatus. 



50 00 
332 38 
442 50 
298 24 
73 24 
61 29 
207 51 
136 .39 



246 31 

1,681 02 

357 10 

36 SI 
90 53 
88 4:! 
49 85 
1 03 



$31,662 74 

2,013 85 

197 15 

2,446 00 

42 75 

217 13 

436 50 

236 29 

107 63 

9 79 

160 15 

516 06 

2,005 00 

194 97 

1,460 28 

154 10 

65 13 

76 11 

73 74 

5 00 



4 83 
2 48 



9 85 
101 33 
4« 22 



$377,695 1 
•9,018 4 
3,950 S 
3,767 6 
1.062 3 
3.103 (i 
3,0.33 e 
4,700 'J 
1,3.'.6 f 
704 ; 
2,512 7 
2,359 1 
2,930 ( 
3,546 1 
16,942 S 



408 : 
1.244 • 
1,328 i 
69,930 ( 
46,620 ( 



' Not including $3,347 92 transferred to other appropriations Fire Department. 
" '■ 2,124 30 " " Fire Alarms and Bells and Clocks. 



INCOME, 



Fire Dt-partment . 



EXPENDITUUES OF FIKE-AT^ARM TELEGRAPH FROM MAY 1, 187(>, TO APRIL 30, 1877. 





May. 


Juno. 


July. 


August. 


September . 


October. 


November. 


December. 


January. 


February. 


March. 


April. 


Total. 




$1,075 00 


$1,000 00 

IS 40 
272 73 

64 63 

20 28 
12 50 

17 05 

12 80 
2,825 W 


$1,091 00 
2(18 32 

60 76 

4 70 

3 25 

4 70 
17 50 

a 62 



$1,005 00 
.•« 12 

105 43 

22 CO 
12 60 
6 S3 
2 35 

4 85 
14 60 


$1,091 00 
2 60 



5 00 
52 00 

15 89 

5 16 

6 75 

2 81 
12 18 


$1,091 00 

57 25 

19 40 

4 80 

2 00 

3 07 
9 43 


$1,005 00 
6 00 

1 10 
62 00 

76 

49 25 
46 

2 19 
IS 67 


$1,091 00 
245 29 

67 76 
30 15 

2 60 
344 
4 75 


$1,065 00 

51 .W 
4 70 

25 

2 13 

5,016 43 


$1,001 00 

12 00 

13 25 
21 25 

18 60 

3 01 

4 00 • 

3 25 

4 87 


$1,091 00 

59 01 

22 60 
33 51 

3 78 
66 58 

42 

1 38 
11 00 

3 07 

2 3S 


$1,037 00 
164 00 
288 10 
117 68 

23 00 
18 58 

1 58 
25 74 

54 41 

2 82 
33 12 


$12,858 00 
156 60 
1,104 69 
449 42 
1 10 
40 7.1 
642 40 
18 58 




y 


292 48 








. 




Carting, Horse-Hire, Keeping, etc 


73 38 


Carpentry anc ^mb 




Printing, Stationery, etc 


8S 18 


235 48 


Damage to Roofs and other Property 


14 69 
8 40 
3 75 


ino 00 












5 31 




Work done at Firc-Departnifnt Repair Sliop .... 


2,047 64 




$1,661 17 


$4,2.39 18 


$1,305 91 


$1,268 28 


$1,196 29 


$1,188 00 


$1,198 42 


$1,434 98 


$6,140 01 


$1,172 13 


$1,284 63 


$1,756 03 


$25,882 57 







Extension of Fire-Alarin Telegraph in Brighton District. 





March. 


April. 








$010 00 
131 44 
115 50 
26 84 


$910 DO 






131 44 






115 50 






20 «4 




200 00 


200 00 






Total 


$200 00 


$1,189 78 


$1,389 78 



B E L I. S AND C L, O C; K S 



CleaDing and care of Clocks 

Hoisting and Hanging Bells 

Hinging Bells 

Illuminating Clocks 

Cambridge Observatory . . . . ■ 

New Clock 

Work done at Fire Department Repair Shop 

Totals 



$7J 50 
4 37 



December. January, 



11,053 50 
4 37 
037 50 
23 49 
-500 00 
400 00 
76 76 



INCOME, 

Fire Alarm Telegraph $18 50 



SHELF 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBEAET, 

Central Department, Boylston Street. 

before inournng 4he7irc^ o V.n ^n^,' ■" ^/ ,^™e^-cd-onIy 
after 21 days, ^vbo \vi:i coiipp%n . "^^'^'^'C'', by messenger 
a day, includ n? Run Hvs" nd hnlS "' ^"'"'^^ ""*= "^ ^ cents 

more than one month; to bo":;VrnU°a''thSil' ''"'^"^^"•^ 
layinthedelivery of books ' '^ ^''° """^ ""'^"° l^' 



m record Delow must not be made or altered Dy Dorrower,