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BOARD OF TRUSTEES
School of Industrial Art.
-\ . PHILADELPHIA.
ANNUAL REPORT f^
BOARD OF TRUSTEES
School of Industrial Art.
Revieisj Printing House,
N. W. Cor Fourth and Walnut Sts.
OFFICERS FOR ISSO.
WILLIAM H. MERRICK.
EDWARD T. STEEL,
WILLIAM PLATT PEPPER.
WILLIAM W. JUSTICE.
FREDERICK R. SHELTON.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
HON. HENRY M. HOYT,
Governor of the State,
HON. WILLIAM S. STOKLEY,
Mayor of the City.
Appointed by the State Senate.
J. E. MITCHELL,
Appointed by the House of Representatives.
PHILIP C. GARRETT,
Appointed by Select Council.
EDWARD T. STEEL,
Appointed by Common Council.
Appointed by the University of Pennsylvania.
ISAAC NORRIS, M. D., *
Appointed by the Franklin Institute.
JAMES L. CLAGHORN,
Appointed by the Pennsylvafiia Academy of Fine Arts.
F. O. HORSTMANN,
Appointed by the Fhilad^a School of Design for Women.
Appointed by the Board of State Centennial Supervisors.
Appointed by the Commissioners of Fair?nount Park.
TRUSTEES ELECTED BY THE MEMBERS:
To serve for fve years.
GEORGE W. CHILDS, THOMAS DOLAN,
WILLIAM PLATT PEPPER. SAMUEL Vn^AGNER, Jr.,
To serve for four years.
HENRY C. GIBSON, THOMAS COCHRAN,
WILLIAM H. MERRICK, N. PARKER SHORTRIDGE.
To serve for three years.
W. W. JUSTICE, JOHN R. BAKER,
WAYNE MacVEAGH, F. R. SHELTON.
To serve for t7vo years.
FREDERIC GRAFF, WILLIAM PEPPER, M. D.,
COLEMAN SELLERS, JAMES HUNTER.
To serve for one year.
WILLIAM BIGLER, CHAPMAN BIDDLE.
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REPORT OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
This Report is for the fiscal year ending November 30,
Circumstances having delayed the publication of the last
Annual Report until April, your Trustees determined to in-
clude therein the transactions of the Corporation from the
close of the fiscal year to that time. In the present Report,
therefore, only such reference is made to those events as is
necessary to make this a complete record of the year.
With the close of the Loan Exhibition in November, 1878,
and the consequent withdrawal of many of the objects con-
tributed thereto, the opportunity was afforded of perfecting the
arrangement and classification of the Museum Collections. A
Curator was appointed, February i , to accomplish this work.
During the year the collections have been arranged in a man-
ner that will admit of the development of each department of
the Museum without any material change in the general plan.
While doing this, a registration of all the objects owned by, or
deposited on loan with the Museum, was begun, preliminary
to making an inventory and catalogue of the same. Also a
form of receipt for objects received on loan, defining the re-
sponsibility of the Museum for their safe keeping, was pre-
pared as a substitute for the receipts formerly given.
In response to the invitation by your Trustees to the
Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia to de-
posit a collection of coins and medals that would show artistic
merit, mentioned in the last Report, that Society has made a
valuable contribution, consisting of selections from its own
collections, and from those of the American Philosophical
Society, and of the Library Company of Philadelphia. The
Society has also obtained contributions from individual col-
lectors, notably a complete set of Papal Medals from the
pontificate of Pope Martin V, 141 5, to that of Pope Pius IX,
1872, inclusive, whicn deserves particular mention on account
of the fine workmanship of each piece, and the historic interest
of the series as a whole.
The collection of American Antiquities, chiefly relics of the
Mound Builders, deposited by Dr. M. W. Dickeson, has been
rearranged in the North Vestibule of the Hall. During the
year this collection has been greatly enlarged, and now fills all
the space allotted to it. Aside from the archaeological im-
portance of the objects, they are valuable as illustrating the
development of the art instinct in a primitive people.
The most important event of the year, in connection with
the Museum, was the reception and installation of the collection
of minerals and metallurgy belonging to the American Insti-
tute of Mining Engineers, in accordance with the terms of the
lease of the same to this Corporation for a term of ninety-nine
years, as related in the last Report. This noble collection was
formally transferred to your Trustees on March 26th. The
arrangement of the specimens in the portion of the building
assigned for their reception was made under the personal
supervision of Mr. C. A. Young, of the Institute of Mining
Engineers. On May 31st the collection was opened to the
public. Its several departments occupy nearly the whole east-
ern half of the Hall, and furnish to the student of the indus-
tries represented facilities for study, which, when they be-
come generally known, must add materially to the reputa-
tion and usefulness of the Museum.
Among the other additions to the collections made during
the year, are the articles bought at the Paris Exposition, speci-
fied in the last Report ; three specimens of enamelled glass,
by Brocart, and six pieces of pottery, by Deck, purchased
from the collection lent to the Museum by Messrs. Londos
& Co., of London, at the solicitation of Sir Philip Cunliffe
Owen, C. B., K. C. M. G. The loans to the Museum include
some interesting fragments of Aztec jewelry, deposited by the
American Philosophical Society, and numerous examples of
artistic workmanship in various branches of industry, de-
posited by individuals.
Your Trustees are gratified to report that the practice of
depositing in the Museum art objects on loan for a stated
period is becoming more general ; and your attention is asked
to this method of from time to time augmenting the collec-
tions and thus increasing the interest of the public in the
Institution, as one that is eminently desirable and ea.sy of
accomplishment. There are in this city numerous private
collections of glass, china, lace, metal-work, and objects of
that character, which, if they were displayed in Memorial
Hall, in whole or in part, would be highly appreciated by the
community. And many persons leaving the city for the sum-
mer, or going abroad for a longer season, store away valuable
art objects that might with equal or greater safety be placed
on view in the Hall for the benefit and enjoyment of others.
It should be remembered that this Museum, while it de-
pends for support upon that portion of the community who
are able to visit similar institutions elsewhere, exists for the
benefit, chiefly, of that vast majority of our citizens, the arti-
zans and mechanics, for whom it is the only resort of the kind
accessible. Nor should it be forgotten that the acquaintance
with what is beautiful in the arts, with Avhat trained working-
men are accomplishing elsewhere, will stimulate and aid the
working people of a communit}' in the development of home
industries, as no other influence will. A noteworthy instance of
this kind happened at the Hall during the year. A blacksmith
from Phoenixville, visiting the Museum, was interested in the
examples of foreign wrought-iron work that he saw there. He
came again, this time bringing his brother with him, and the
two men made studies of the several examples on exhibition.
When they returned home, these self-taught artizans, with
much patient labor, having to fashion the necessary tools as
their work progressed, wrought in iron a number of pieces
similar to, or suggested by those they had seen in the Mu-
seum. Subsequently, examples were lent them to copy, and
the replicas which they made were afterwards exhibited here
and in Chicago and Cincinnati, where they attracted much
The testimonials presented to General Grant during his
visit to Great Britain, deposited in the Museum by Mr. G. W.
Childs, have continued to attract many visitors to the Hall.
In February they were sent to Pittsburg for display in the
Library Loan Exhibition there, and in August they were sent
to Cincinnati, together with a large collection of objects repre-
sentative of the scope and character of the Museum, as a loan
contribution to the Art Department of the Industrial Exhibi-
tion in that city. At the skme time a similar collection was
sent to the Industrial Exposition in Chicago. The extended
notices which these collections received in the official cata-
logues and in the local papers, showed the high appreciation
with which this effort on the part of your Trustees to advance
the interest in industrial art education was regarded.
During the year the Library has received additions in the
valuable collection of scientific works belonging to the Ameri-
can Institute of Mining Engineers ; in the arrival of the books
bought in Paris last year,' and by gifts from the Centennial
Board of Finance of a complete set of Reports of the Centennial
Exhibition, and from Mr. F. O. Horstmann of a copy of The
Silk Goods of America. Purchase was made of The Alhambra^
by Owen Jones. L Art pom Tons, and The Aft Intetchange
were subscribed to for the current year. A slip catalogue of
all the books, periodicals, maps, engravings, photographs, etc.,
in the Library, has been prepared for reference.
In furtherance of the policy of extending the usefulness of
the Museum as widely as possible', your Trustees, in May,
reduced the price of admission to the Hall on Sundays to fif-
teen cents. At the same time they adopted a plan, proposed
by the President of the International Exhibition Company, by
which visitors from the Exhibition to the Hall are given re-
turn tickets readmitting them to the Main Building. The
practice of giving Art students and students in scientific
schools tickets of admission on application, and of admitting
the pupils of charitable educational institutions, when accom-
panied by a teacher, without charge, has been continued
during the year. This is as liberal an arrangement as the
financial condition of the corporation admits of at present ;
although your Trustees are desirous, as soon as means for the
purpose are provided, to open the Hall free to the public, reserv-
ing only certain days for the use of students, on which days
visitors will be charged a small admission fee, as at present.
The following is a tabulated statement of the visitors to the
Museum each month during the year :
Admissions on Simdays.
* On Sundays after May i8th, 1879, the admissions for adults was reduced to 15 cents.
a Including 148 invited to witness transfer of the Collections of the American Institute of Min-
ing Engineers to the Museum-
b Including 512 invited to the Closing Exercises of the Schools.
_ c Including 51 Cadet Engineers U. S. N. and 49 members of the National Education Conven-
d Including 63 Teachers and Pupils Burd Orphan Asylum.
Several changes have been made in the Industrial Art
School during the year.
In February, the Art Needlework Department was trans-
ferred to an organization of ladies, and became a separate
school. This was done the less unwillingly, because your
Trustees were assured that the effort they had inaugurated, of
imparting this desirable instruction to women, would not be
permitted to languish under the new management. That the
transfer was a judicious one has been proved by the fact that
the school is now well established and daily growing in public
Another and a radical change was made at the close of the
spring term. Up to that time, with the exception of a special
class of pay pupils, the schools had been free. "When they
opened again in the fall, the special class was continued
as before, but a tuition fee of ten dollars in the Day
school and five dollars in the Night school was charged.
Seventy-five of the one hundred and thirteen students in
attendance at the end of the spring term returned as pay
scholars ; a percentage fully justifying the opinion that the
payment of a moderate fee would not materially lessen the
number of pupils.
During the fall term there have been thirty-three students
in attendance at the Day school and special class, and sev-
enty-four in the Night school — a total of one hundred and
The following table shows the trades and occupations rep-
resented : —
On May 31, the closing exercises of the Spring term were
held in Memorial Hall, with appropriate ceremonies, an au-
dience of some five hundred persons being present. On that
day an exhibition of the drawings made by the students was
opened, which continued during the summer, and attracted
much attention from visitors to the Museum. It is proposed
to have similar exhibitions annually hereafter.
During the month of June, the special class met twice a
week in the Hall for instruction. At this time the adapt-
ability of the Hall for school as well as for Museum purposes
was abundantly proved.
In the spring, it became evident to the Trustees that, in
consequence of the uses to which a building recently erected
in the immediate vicinity of the school was put, they would be
compelled shortly to abandon the location. Pending the con-
sideration of this subject, an invitation was received from the
Board of Managers of the Franklin Institute, inviting this cor-
poration to remove its schools to the Institute building. No. 15
South Seventh street. The Board offered the use of their school
rooms rent free, and engaged to make the alterations neces-
sary for the accommodation of the scholars. This generous
offer was accepted by your Trustees, and at the close of the
spring term the lease of No. 312 North Broad street was given
up, and the school furniture removed to the Franklin Institute.
The fall term opened September 29, in the latter building,
since which time the school rooms have been open daily for
the use of the scholars. Other generous acts on the part of
the Board of Managers of the Franklin Institute were, placing
one of the reading-rooms at the disposal of your Trustees for
use as an office, and extending to the students the privilege of
free admission to the library and lectures of the Institute.
The course of instruction arranged at the formation of the
schools has not been changed, and the same efficient instruct-
ors employed in the beginning continue in charge of the
classes. One of the advanced scholars has been given charge
of the Junior class in Geometry.
Arrangements have been made with Professor Rothrock and
Dr. Keen to continue their courses of lectures, which were at-
tended with such excellent results- last year. At the request
of the last named gentleman, both the Academy of the Fine
Arts and the Academy of the Natural Sciences kindly placed
at his disposal whatever material in the collections he required
in illustration of his lectures before the schools.
During the year the Corporation has lost, by the death of
Mr. G. Dawson Coleman and Mr. J. B. Knight, the advice and
assistance of two of its most valued members. The last named
gentleman was the representative of the Franklin Institute in
your Board of Trustees, and as such took an active part in all
measures for promoting the usefulness of the Museum and
The Corporation now has 37 Contributing, 150 Life Mem-
bers and 129 Annual Members. Ten Life Members and 105
Annual Members have been received during the year. These
additions to the membership, although satisfactory as showing
an increasing interest in the work of the Corporation, still
leave the total far short of what it should be. This is especially
the case with the list of Annual Members, which, in the opinion
of your Trustees, can, with a little effort on the part of the
friends of the Corporation, be greatly extended. An annual
income of five thousand dollars ought to be secured from
this source alone. This would allow of the subscriptions of
Contributing and Life Members being placed to the credit of
•the Endowment Fund, which is now in contemplation. For
this fund it is proposed to raise one hundred thousand dol-
lars, the interest on which sum, with the annual subscriptions,
it is thought, will be sufficient to provide for the necessary-
expenses of the Museums and- Schools. Your Trustees feel
that this effort should be successful, as in the four years of its
existence the Corporation has proved its usefulness to the
community. Its Museum stands foremost in the country, and
its Industrial Art School, already well organized, is doing a
most important educational work.
f^ K"^ ow oil
I I ' I I I I I
I I I fl 1 I
The pressing need of a systematic course of instruction in
drawing in the pubhc schools of Philadelphia has long been
apparent to all who have studied our public school system.
It has been the chief difficulty your Trustees have had to
encounter in their endeavor to carry out the scheme of in-
struction proposed when the School of Industrial Art was es-
tablished, because, although most of the applicants for admis-
sion to the school belong to the mechanic or artizan classes,
and have been, at one time or another, pupils of the public
schools, nine-tenths of them have no knowledge whatever
of drawing, and but a vague idea of its application in the
industrial arts. Under these circumstances, the educational
work of the Institution has, so far, necessarily been of the
most elementary character, and not at all what it was intended
it should be. With the view to determine just what was
needed to remedy this defect, your Trustees recently inspected
che public schools. They found that the Manual of Instruc-
tion contained a carefully prepared graded course in drawing,
well adapted to the wants of the scholars ; but when they came
to observe the manner in which drawing was taught, they
found that, in the majority of instances, no systematic instruc-
tion was given, because the teachers themselves knew little or
nothing of what they were called upon to teach. Neverthe-
less, it was gratifying to observe how keenly alive the teachers
were to their deficiencies in this respect. It was learned that
some of them had organized drawing classes among them-
selves, and that others had availed themselves of the opportu-
nities to study drawing under the instructors employed by
publishers, when the latter had a new system of drawing
books to introduce into the public schools. The teachers real-
ized, however, that such instruction, although often good, could
not be thorough or lasting, and that what they needed was an
established permanent school where instruction adapted to the
requirements of the Manual to teach drawing in the pri-
mary, secondary and grammar schools, could be had at all
seasons of the school year and during the hours they were
not occupied in school work.
Having proceeded thus far, your Trustees invited the
Teachers' Institute to appoint a committee to confer with your
Committee on Instruction, to devise, if possible, some plan by
which this instruction could be given to the teachers. The
committee was appointed and a meeting held, at which the
Teachers' Committee proposed that the Pennsylvania Museum
and School of Industrial Art undertake this work, and ex-
pressed the belief that if this was done the Institute would
give the movement their hearty co-operation and support.
The general features of the plan submitted are : —
1. The establishment of free scholarships for a certain number of graduates of
the senior classes in the public schools, to be determined annually by competitive
examination during the last weel< in June.
2. The adoption of a course of instruction for teachers in each of the following
departments of drawing : —
(a) Freehand Drawing and Design.
(b) Model and Object Drawing.
(c) Geometrical and Perspective Drawing.
(d) A Supplemental or Advanced Course.
3. The division of the course of instruction in each department into four sec-
tions or grades, commencing each section in February and September of each year,
and completing the course for each department in two years.
4. Such action on the part of your Board of Trustees as will provide for every
teacher in the public schools a course of instruction, free of charge, in at least one
of the departments organized, to which every teacher can have access at any time
and at every stage of advancement in the course, provided such teacher possess
requisite qualifications or proficiency to pursue the course as specified.
5. The granting of certificates of proficiency to teachers who shall pass satis-
factory examination in the course specified for the department in Freehand
Drawing and Design and either of the other two departments.
6. Provision for the appointment or election as members of the Board of Trus-
tees of the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art of one or more
members of the Board of Education, and of one or more principals of grammar
schools from among the five receiving the highest number of votes of the Teachers'
There can be no doubt from the above statement of facts,
that the teachers, as a body, are anxious to teach drawing in
the pubhc schools as it should be taught, and that all that is
wanting to bring this about is to give the teachers the requi-
site instruction. The Committee from the Teachers' Institute
ask this Institution to supply this want. It is a task of mag-
nitude and involves great responsibilities, yet your Trustees are
of the opinion that it should be undertaken.
No properly organized effort has been made to have the
study of drawing given its proper place and attention in our
public school system, and if the plan proposed above shall
bring this about, the results will be such that the community
can hardly fail to give it all the aid and encouragement in
th ir power.
November joth, iSyS, to November 2 gth, i8yg.
To balance on hand November 30, 1878, .
Maintenance of Schools; Donations tuition, etc..
Exhibition at Memorial Hall,
Mining Engineers; Installing ' .ection at Memorial Ha
Gaurantee Fund of Trustees, ....
Transferred to Credit of Profit and Loss,
By Warrants paid for :
Freight and Expre; ^ Charges,
Commissions on Collections,
Custom House Charges,
Maintenance ot Schools,
Exhibition at Memorial Hall,
Mming Engineers' Collection,
Transferred to Debit of Profit and Loss,
Additions to Museum and other Permanent Investments,
Payments on Account of Temporary Loans, .
Maintenance and Repair of Memorial Hall, .
Balance on hand November 29, 1879, .
. ^9,102 83
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PL, d, O
LIST OF MEMBERS
Of the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art,
November 30, 1879.
Who have paid at one time tivo hundred dollars or upwards.
Jones, Jacob P.
Bartol, B. H.
Lea, Henry C.
Barton, Mrs. S. R.
Borie, A. E.
Borie, C. & H.
McKean, H. P.
Pepper, William Piatt
Burnham, Parry, Williams,
Rhoads, Miss Elizabeth
Childs, George W.
Clark, Mrs. M. D. M.
Cornelius & Sons
Scott, Thomas A.
Scott, Mrs. Thomas A.
Drexel, A. J.
Taitt, Mrs. C. G.
Drexel, F. A.
Temple, Joseph E.
Wagner, Mrs. T.
Garrett, W. E., Jr.
Gibson, Henry C.
Gibson, Miss R.
Harrison, Havemeyer & Co
Whitney, A., & Sons.
Horstmann, F. 0.
Who have paid at one time one himdred dollars.
James, John 0.
Allen, Joseph, Jr.
Jayne, D., & Sons.
Baeder, Adamson, & Co.
Baily, Joel J.
Justice, Bateman & Co.
Baker, John R.
Justice, Miss Cecilia
Baker, W. S.
Justice, Miss E. B.
Barclay, R. D.
Justice, Miss M. C.
Barclay, Mrs. R. D.
Justice, W. W.
Bartol, H. W.
Justice, Mrs. W. W.
Bickley, H. W.
Knight, Edward C.
Bickley, Mrs. H. W.
Lewis, Edwin M.
Biddle, Miss A. E.
Lewis, Richard A.
Biddle, Mrs. Chapman
Little, Amos R.
Lovering, Joseph S.
Biddle Walter L. C.
Lovering, Joseph 8., Jr.
Blanchard, Miss A.
Mac Veagh, Wayne
Blanchard, Miss H.
Merrick, J. Vaughan
Blanchard, Miss M.
Merrick, William H.
Bowen & Fox
Miles, Mrs. M. L.
Burnham, George i
Morris, P. Pemberton
Caldwell, J. E.
Caldwell, J. E., & Co.
Murphy, Frank W.
Campbell, Mrs. St. George T.
McCallum, Crease & Sloane.
Carter, W. T.
Newbold, John S.
Carver, W. Burton
Newbold, Mrs. John S.
Cassatt, A. J.
Catherwood, H. W.
Orne, J. T. & E. B.
Page, Joseph F.
Claghorn, James L.
Claghorn, J. Raymond
Pepper, George S.
Clark, Clarence H.
Pepper, Lawrence S.
Pepper, William, M. D.
Clavk, J. Hinckley
Poultney, Charles W.
Porter & Coates.
Coates, Edward H.
Provident Trust Company.
Coles, Miss Mary
Roberts, Jacob, M. D.
Collins, H. H.
Rogers, C. H.
Cooper, John H.
Rogers, W. D.
Scott, James P.
Cuyler, Mrs. Theodore
Scott, Mrs. James P.
Dick, F. A.
Scull, D., Jr., cScBro.
Dis>-ton, Albeit H.
Dission, H ami lion
Dobbins, R. J.
SRarpless, Charles S.
Dobson, John & James
Shelton, F. R.
Dolan, Thomas, & Co.
Duhring, Mrs. Henry
Shortridge, N. Parker
Eddystone Manufacturing Company.
Fennimore, Edward L.
Fuguet, Stephen 0.
Solms, S. J.
Garrett, Miss E.
Garrett, Miss J.
Garrett, P. C.
Steel, E. T.
Garrett, Mrs. W.
Steel, E. T., & Co.
Gowen, Franklin B.
Strawbridge J. C.
Sweatman, V. C.
Grafif, Mrs. Frederic
Thomas, S. Harvey
Tyler, George F.
Hagstoy & Thorpe
Vaux, William S.
Harrison, Thomas S.
Warner, Redwood F.
Heberton, G. Craig
Hill, George W.
Williams, Edward H.
Horstmann, W. H., & Sons.
Wood, William, & Co.
Houston, H. H.
Wright, Edward N.
Houston, Mrs. H. H.
Wright, James A.
Hunter, James & John •
Wright, John W.
lungerich & Smith
Wurtz, Charles Stuart
Who have paid ten
dollars for iS'jg. ,
Allison, J. W.
Jones, Jacob P.
Allison, T. E.
Allison, W. C.
Baeder, C. B.
Bailey, Banks, & Biddle.
Keen, Charles B.
Baker, Alfred G.
Keen, William W., M. D.
Banes, C. H.
Laing, Henry M.
Bates, Joseph W.
Lewis, A. Nelson
Batterson, Rev. H. G.
Baugh, Edwin P.
Baugh, John P.
Lewis, Francis W., M. D.
Bement, C. S.
Lewis, John T.
Lewis, Robert M.
Bines, S. M.
Black, Wm. K.
Blabon, G. W.
Bodine, F. L.
Merrick, Mrs. S. V.
Boulton, W. G.
Mitchell, J. E.
Morris, Miss E. T.
Browne, John C.
Morris, John T.
Morris, P. Pemberton
Butcher, Henry C.
Caldwell, J. E., & Co.
Muhr's, H., Sons.
Claghorn, C. E.
Clarke, Edward S.
Neall, Frank L.
Clark, E. W.
Newhall, George M.
Clark, Miss Fannie
Norris, Isaac, Jr., M. D.
Coates, Edward H.
Price, J. Sergeant
Queen, James W., & Co.
Comegys, B. B.
Rehn, W. L.
Conover, David F.
Rexsamer, George W.
Corlies, S. Fisher
Rhoads, Joseph R.
Coxe, Alexander B.
Ritchie, Craig D.
Coxe, Eckley B.
Rollins, Edward A.
Cramp, C. H.
Rosengarten, J. G.
Cresswell, Samuel J.
Rowland, Mrs. Benja.min
Cummins, D. B.
Shipley, Samuel R.
Derbyshire, A. J.
Shoemaker, B. H.
Shoemaker, Robert, Jr.
" Smedley, Samuel L.
Downing, R. W.
Steel, William G.
Stevenson, Miss A.
Earle, James M.
Stokes, S. E., Jr.
Ellison, W. P.
Stotesbury, Thomas P.
Felton, S. M.
Strawbridge, J. C.
Galvin, T. P.
Gillender & Sons
Townsend, H. C.
Hamilton, W. C,
Hance Bro's & White
Hand, James C.
Hand, Thomas C.
Hart, William R.
Hippie, Frank K.
Hodge, H. Lenox, M. 1).
Jenks, William H.
Townsend, J. B.
Tyler, George F.
Watson, J. V.
Wilson, Joseph M.
Wyelh, John, & Brother
Zantzinger, Mrs. S. C.