BOARD OF TRUSTEES
School of Industrial Art.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES
SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ART.
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OFFICERS FOR 1881.
WILLIAM H. MERRICK.
EDWARD T. 8TEBL,
WILLIAM PLATT PKPPKK
FREDERICK R. SHELTON.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
The Oovernor of the State.
The Mayor of the City.
ELECTED BY THE MEMBERS
To xervc for five years.
Thomas Hockley, Chari.es M. Lea,
Richard A. Lewis, Edwin Greble.
To seri'e for four years.
George W. Chii.ds, Thomas Dolan,
William Platt Pepper, Samuel Wagner, .Ik.
To serve for three years.
Henry C. Gibson, Thomas Cochran,
William H. Merrick, N. Parker Shortriix;!:.
To serve for hro years.
W. W. Justice, John R. Baker,
Wayne MacVeagh, F. R. Shelton.
To serve for one year.
Frederic Graff, William Peppeh, jVr. D.,
Coleman Sellers, James Hunter.
Adam Evkrly, Appointed by the State Senate.
.1. E. Mitchell, Appointed by the House of Representatives.
Philip C. Garrett, Appointed by Select Council.
Edward T. Steel, Appointed by Common Council.
Fairman Rogers, Appointed by the University of Pennsylvania.
Isaac Norris, M. D., Appointed by the Franklin Institute.
.Tames L. Claghorn, Appointed by the Penna. Academy of the Fine Art^s.
F. O. Horstmann, Appointed by the PhUad'a School of Design for Women.
Henry M. Phillips, Appointed by the Commi.ssioners of Fairmnunt P((rk.
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THE REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES,
For the Fiscal Year ending November 30th, 1880.
During the period included in this report — the fifth year of
the Museum and the third year of the School — progress has
been made toward effecting the purpose for which the corpora-
tion was formed. This purpose, as stated in the charter, "is to
establish for the State of Pennsylvania, in the City of Philadel-
phia, a Museum of Art, in all its branches and technical appli-
cation, and with a special view to the development of the Art
Industries of the State, to provide instruction in Drawing,
Painting, Modelling, Designing, et cetera, through practical
schools, special libraries, lectures and otherwise. The Institu-
tion to be similar in its general features to the South Kensington
Museum of London." The progress made may be briefly sum-
marized as follows : The Museum collections have been added to
and further arranged, and the School has been, removed to more
convenient quarters (1 709 Chestnut Street), and placed in charge
of an experienced teacher as principal.
At the time the change in the location and discipline of the
School was under discussion, the question was raised of the de-
sirability of endeavoring to unite the two departments of the
institution — the Museum and the School — under one roof in the
central portion of the city. It was conceded that there would
be numerous advantages in such an arrangement, especially an
immediate benefit to the School. But your Trustees were agreed,
regarding the institution as designed to become to Pennsylvania and
Philadelphia what South Kensington is to England and London,
that the Museum could not be more appropriately or advanta-
geously placed than in Memorial Hall. Furthermore, the possi-
bility had to be considered of experience showing that, in so large a
city as this, better educational results might be had from several
schools, like the Chestnut Street School, situated in widely-sepa-
rated districts, than could be obtained from one school centrally
located. A permanent location with ample accommodation and
provision for the safety of the collections is necessary for the
Museum, while for the school or schools accessibility is the chief
requisite. Both of these are had by the present arrangement.
In the spring, Park workmen began the much-needed repairs
to Memorial Hall, under an appropriation from Councils for that
purpose. The work was continued until the money was ex-
hausted, but so much remains to be done that another appropria-
tion will be necessary next year. If, when this is made, a sum
is added for the maintenance of the Hall, the institution will be
relieved of a burden of expense that has seriously hindered its
progress and you will be enabled to open the Museum free to the
Reviewing the history of the corporation from its beginning,
five years ago, numerous evidences appear to show that the most
difficult part of the work has been accomplished. The Museum
has been established and the School begun, and both brought to
a high degree of excellence, during a period of financial de-
pression and with the community at large indifferent of their
success. Now, with returning prosperity, there is awakening
* Councils passed an appropriation "for the maintenance and repair of
Memorial Hall, ten thousand (10,000) dollars. Provided that only five thou-
sand (5,000) dollars of this item shall be expended unless said Hall be thrown
open to the public." It was so opened, beginning January 1st.
03 c3 ..•
g-OO MU bc^ M)S
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an interest in everything pertaining to industrial education — art
and technical. Museums and art schools are being established
in the principal cities of the east and west.* Several of the
great manufacturing interests are establishing special schools for
their employes. Drawing is beginning to be generally taught
in the public schools. And all of these influences are so favora-
ble to the success of an institution of this character that your
Trustees recommend the present as an opportune time to enlist
public interest in this institution, believing that it is only neces-
sary to make its scope and purpose better known throughout the
city and State to secure hearty co-operation in its support.
During the year your Board of Trustees has lost by the death
of Hon. William Bigler and Chapman Biddle, Esquire, two of
its senior members. Both of these gentlemen were earnest pro-
moters of the scheme at its inception, and were among those
named in the charter as Trustees for the first year.
Following is a statement for the twelve months of the work
done in the Museum and in the School :
Durino; the fall and winter months much inconvenience was
experienced from the leaks in the roof and from fragments of
the decaying zinc ornamentation of the building breaking
through the glass dome of the rotunda. In stormy weather, the
employes of the Museum were kept busy using means to pre-
vent the water from falling on the cases of exhibits. In the
spring, an appropriaton of $5,000 was made by Councils to the
* The forthcoming report of the Commissioner of Education for 1879-80
contains a list of thirty-five institutions of this character, most of them re-
ceiving State or municipal aid, and several of them liberally endowed by in-
Park Commissioners for the repair of the building, and work-
men were sent, under the direction of the Superintendent of the
Park, to remove the eagles, the statue of Columbia and other
decaying ornaments which threatened to fall. Some of the most
necessary repairs to the roofs and dome were also made, but the
appropriation was exhausted before the repairs to the dome were
completed. Sufficient, however, has been done to make the ro-
tunda available for exhibition purposes, and several new cases
have been erected there.
The number of objects on deposit returned to their owners has
been more than supplied by the new loans received. This plan —
of receiving art objects on deposit for a certain specified time, can
be made a very attractive and instructive feature of the Museum,
if the members will interest themselves in it sufficiently to so-
licit and contribute loans. Besides the numerous valuable pri-
vate collections that might be obtained, there are the small
cabinets and the countless number of single objects here and
there, from which selections could be made to illustrate periods
and methods of art workmanship.
The gifts to General Grant, deposited by Mr. G. W. Childs,
continue in the custody of the Museum, and prove a never-fail-
ing attraction to visitors. In September they were sent to
Chicago, as a loan to the Industrial Exhibition there. Another
loan from its collections was made by the Museum in February,
to the Social Art Club. At that time a pair of elaborately orna-
mented vases of Doulton-ware were exhibited for the first time.
These vases, selected by Sir Philip Cunliffe Owen, C. B., K. C.
M. G., were presented to the Museum by four of your Trustees.
The most important contribution the Museum has received, is
the collection of objects of industrial art to be donated by Mrs.
Moore as a memorial of her husband, the late Bloomfield H.
Moore, Esquire. Upwards of one hundred pieces for this col-
lection have already been received and others are awaiting deliv-
ery in the custom-house. One of the suite of north rooms has
been designated to receive this generous gift, which is always to
be known as " The Moore Collection of Industrial Art."
The stained glass window, containing figures symbolizing Art
and Industry, designed and manufactured as a gift to this insti-
tution, by W. H. Constable, Esq., of the Cambridge Stained Glass
Works, England, was received in July. This beautiful example
of the glass-stainer's art has been placed on the east side of the
vestibule, opposite the window which was manufactured at the
above-named works for exhibition at the Centennial.
The Committee of the American Institute of Mining Engi-
neers, to inspect the collection of mining and metallurgy, made
their annual visit in December, and expressed themselves well
satisfied with the arrangement and classification of the specimens.
There are now on exhibition the following objects belonging
to the Museum :
Textiles and embroideries, . . . . . .513
Lace, ......... 54
Plaster casts and models, . . . . . .159
Carving in wood, ivory, cork, etc., .... 71
Decorated leather work, . . . . . . .11
Furniture, ........ 7
Stained glass Avindows, ....... 3
Metal work, 557
Enamels, ......... 32
Pottery and porcelain, 512
Photographs, etchings, drawings, lithographs, etc., . 305
Lacquer, ......... 36
Carried forward, ..... 2,356
Brought forward, ..... 2,356
Models of vehicles, implements, etc., .... 53
Illustrative of cameo cutting, ..... 24
Illustrative of mosaic manufacture, .... 143
Specimens of the mineral, vegetable and animal products
of British India, 1,204
Of these, 2,677 have been catalogued. All are plainly
In the spring a circular of inquiry was sent to some four
hundred manufacturers in this city, to ascertain their disposition
to contribute to an exhibition representative of the local indus-
trial art of Philadelphia, proposed to be held in Memorial Hall
during the State fair. But the number of affirmative responses
was so small that the committee having the subject in charge de-
cided that it would be unwise for the institution to assume the
financial risk of the undertaking. Since then, however, per-
sonal inquiry among manufacturers has shown that the object of
the proposed exhibition had not been clearly understood, and
it is probable that another effort would be successful. Certainly,
one of the chief purposes of a museum of this character is to
illustrate the progress of local art manufactures as compared
with foreign production. And if periodical exhibitions of in-
dustrial art can be given by this institution — as exhibitions of
fine arts are given by the Academy of the Fine Arts, and of me-
chanic art by the Franklin Institute — its usefulness to the com-
munity will be greatly increased.
The following table shows the admissions to the Hall during
November.. .. "
■ 163 00
330 1 648
93 i 1,595 110,295
November .... "
* Including 1,100 admitted free to view General Grant's gifts, Dec. 17tli.
f Including 310 admitted free on the occasion of the closing exercises of the
School, May 22d.
The experience of the two years during which the school had
been in existence having convinced your Trustees that it was
doing a good and needed work, and that no effort should be
spared to increase its usefulness, they have given particular at-
tention to this branch of the institution. During those two
years the students had been instructed by two gentlemen — non-
professional teachers — who had generously given to the work all
the time and attention that they could spare from their own occupa-
tions. But early in the fall term of 1879, it was seen that the
school had progressed so far that the students needed the undi-
vided attention of a trained instructor as principal. Accord-
ingly an engagement was made with Mr. L. W. Miller, at that
time art master of the Normal School of Salem, Mass., and
instructor of drawing in one of the Boston adult night-schools,
to take charge of the Museum classes. Mr. Miller moved to
Philadelphia in the summer to make ready for the re-opening of
the school in September. A curriculum was prepared provid-
ing a three years' course of instruction in drawing, painting and
modelling. It is so arranged that the student, on the completion
of the first year's work, may choose which of the two studies —
painting or modelling — he will take during the second year. A
certificate will be given on the completion of the work of each
year, and a diploma on the completion of the course. The ses-
sion began with a diminished number from the last year, but the
attendance increased so rapidly that before the first month was
passed the accommodations in the Franklin Institute, which
were shared with the classes of the latter, proved insufficient for
both schools. A speedy change of location having thus become
necessary, the rooms at 1709 Chestnut Street, which the school is
now occupying, were rented. The removal was made on No-
vember 8th, and its advantages are ah-eady evident.
The usual closing exercises of the school year were held in
the Hall on May 22d. An exhibition of the work of the
scholars was opened, and speeches were made by the Hon. John
Welsh, Mr. Charles G. Leland, Mr. C. M. Burns and Dr. A. C.
Lambdin. The great need for the foundation of a popular sys-
tem of industrial art education being laid in the public schools
was ably shown by these speakers, and one pointed out how it
might be possible, building on this foundation, for the several
institutions in this city conducting schools of fine, industrial or
mechanic art, to unite in constructing a scheme of higher educa-
tion that would fulfill all the requirements of a university of
Appended is a list of the number of students now in attend-
ance at the School and their occupations :
U. S. Navy,
November 30, 1879, to November 30, 1880.
To balance on hand November 30, 1879,
Temporary Loans, .....
Life Members, ......
Maintenance of Schools, (Donations, Tuition, etc.,)
Annual Members, .....
Exhibition at Memorial Hall,
Transferred to Credit of Profit and Loss, .
By Warrants paid for :
Office Expenses, . . . • .
Salaries, . . . . . .
Freight and Expressage, . . . ,
Custom-House Expenses, ....
Maintenance of Art Schools,
Transferred to Debit of Profit and Loss,
Additions to Museum and permanent investments.
Payments on account of Temporary Loans, .
Maintenance and Repairs of Memorial Hall,
Balance on hand, November 30, 1880, .
. 3,778 50
. 1,057 45
. 1146 65
. 3,638 22
. 1,200 00
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LIST OF MEMBERS
Of the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art,
November 30, 1880.
Who have paid at one time tivo hundred dollars or upwards.
Baird, John Jones, Jacob P.
Bartol, B. H. Lea, Henry C.
Barton, Mrs. S. E. Massey, William
Borie, C. & H. ' Miles, Thomas
Brown, Alexander McKean, H. P.
Burnham, Parry, Williams & Co. Pepper, William Piatt
Childs, George W. Phillips, Henry M.
Clark, Mrs. M. D. M. Ehoads, Miss Elizabeth
Cornelius & Sons Eogers, Fairman
Disston & Sons Santee, Charles
Dolan, Thomas Scott, Thomas A.
Drexel, A. J. Scott, Mrs. Thomas A.
Drexel, F. A. Taitt, Mrs. C. G.
Garrett, Walter Temple, Joseph E.
■ Garrett, W. E., Jr. Wagner, Mrs. T.
Gibson, Henry C. Weightman, William
Gibson, Miss E. Welsh, Samuel
Harrison, Havemeyer & Co. Wharton, Joseph
Horstmann, F. 0. Whitney, A., & Sons.
WIw have paid at one time one hundred dollars.
Allen, Joseph Bickley, H. W.
Allen, Joseph, Jr. Bickley, Mrs. H. W.
Baeder, Adamson & Co. Biddle, Alexander
Baily, Joel J. Biddle, Miss A. E.
Baker, John E. Biddle, Mrs. Chapman
Baker, W. S. Biddle, Clement
Barclay, E. D. Biddle, Walter L. C.
Barclay, Mrs. E. D. Blanchard, Miss A.
Bartol, H. W. Blancliard, Miss H.
Blanchard, Miss M.
Garrett, Miss J.
Bowen & Fox
Garrett, P. C.
Garrett, Mrs. W.
Butcher, Henry C.
Gowen, Franklin B.
Butclier, Mrs. H. C.
Graff, Mrs. Frederic
Caldwell, J. E.
Caldwell, J. E. & Co.
Hagstoy & Thorpe
Campbell, Mrs. St. George T.
Harrison, A. C.
Carter, W. T.
Harrison, Thomas S.
Carver, W. Burton
Cassatt, A. J.
Heberton, G. Craig
Catherwood, H. W.
Hill, George W.
Horstnlann, W. H., & Sons.
Claghorn, .James L.
Houston, H. H.
Claghorn, J. Raymond
Houston, Mrs. H. H.
Clark, Clarence H.
Hughes, John 0.
Clark, Ephraim •
Hunter, James & John
Clark, E. W.
lungerich & Smith.
Clark, J. Hinckley
James, John 0.
Jayne, D., & Sons,
Justice, Bateman & Co.
Coates, Edward H.
Justice, Miss Cecilia
Justice, Miss E. B.
Justice, Miss M. C.
Coffin, Altemus & Co.
Justice, W. W.
Coles, Miss Mary
Justice, Mrs. W. W.
Collins, H. H.
Knight, Edward C.
Cooper, John H.
Lewis, Edwin M.
Cresson, W. P.
. Lewis, Henry
Cuyler, Mrs. Theodore
Lewis, Richard A,
Dick, F. A.
Little, Amos R.
Disston, Albert H.
Little, Amos R. & Co.
Lovering, Joseph S.
Dobbins, R. J.
Lovering, Joseph S., Jr.
Dobson, John & James
Mac Veagh, Wayne
Dolan, Thomas, & Co.
Merrick, J. Vaughan
Merrick, Mrs. S. V.
Dreer, F. J.
Merrick, William H.
Eddystone Manufacturing Co.
Miles, Mrs. M. L.
Fennimore, Edward L.
Fuguet, Stephen 0.
Morris, P. Pemberton
Garrett, Miss E.
Murphy, Frank W.
McCallum, Crease & Sloane.
Newbold, John S.
Newbold, Mrs. John S.
Orne, J. F. & E. B.
Page, Joseph F.
Pepper, George S.
Pepper, Lawrence S.
Pepper, William, M. D.
Porter & Coates.
Poultney, Charles W.
Provident Trust Company.
Randolph & Jenks.
Roberts, Jacob, M. D.
Rogers, C H.
Rogers, W. D.
Scott, James P.
Scott, Mrs. James P.
Scull, D., Jr., & Bro.
Sharpless, Charles S.
Shelton, F. H.
Shelton, F. R.
Shelton, Mrs. F. R.
Shortridge, JST. Parker
Solms, S. J.
Steel, E. T.
Steel, E. T., & Co.
Strawbridge, J. C.
Sweatman, V. C.
Thomas, S. Harvey
Tyler, George F.
Vaux, William S.
Warden, W. G.
Warner, Redwood F.
Whital, Tatem & Co.
Williams, Edward H.
Wood, AVilliam, & Co.
Wright, Edward N.
Wright, James A.
Wright, John W.
Wurtz, Charles Stuart
' Who have paid ten dollars for 1880.
Allison, W. C.
Bailey, Banks & Biddle.
Baker, Alfred G.
Banes, C. H.
Bates, Joseph W.
Batterson, Rev. H. G.
Bement, C. S.
Bines, S. M.
Bodine, F. L.
Caldwell, J. E., & Co.
Claghorn, C. E.
Clark, E. W.
Clark, Miss Fannie
Clarke, Edward S.
Merrick, Miss L. T.
Merrick, Mrs. S. V.
Coates, Edward H.
Mitchell, J. E. •
Comegys, B. B.
Corlies, S. Fislier
Moffly, John W.
Coxe, Alexander B.
Morris, Miss L. T.
Coxe, Eckley B.
Morris, John T.
Cramp, C. H.
Morris, P. Pemberton
Cummins, D. B.
Earle, James M,
Neall, Frank L.
Ellison, W. P.
Newhall, George M.
Felton, S. M.
Galloway & Graff
Price, J. Sergeant
Garret, P. C.
Queen, James W., & Co.
Gillender & Sons
Eehn, W. L.
Eexsamer, George W.
Hamilton, W. C.
Rhoads, Joseph R.
Hance Bro's & White.
Ritchie, Craig D.
Hand, James C.
Rollins, Edward A.
Rosengarten, J. G.
Hart, William R.
Rowland, Mrs. Benjamin
Hippie, Frank K.
Shelton, Mrs. F. E.
Hodge, H. Lenox, M. D.
Shipley, Samuel R.
Smedley, Samuel L.
Jenks, William H.
Smith, D. C. W.
Steel, William G.
Jones, Jacob P.
Stevenson, Miss A.
Keen, Charles B.
Stokes, 8. E., Jr.
Keen, John F.
Strawbridge, J. C.
Keen, William W., M. D.
Townsend, H. C.
Lewis, A. Nelson
Townsend, J. B.
Watson, J. V.
Lewis, Francis W., M. D.
Lewis, John T.
Lewis, Eobert M.
Wilson, Joseph M.
Wood, Mrs. Alan
Wyeth, John, & Brother
Zantzinger, Mrs. S. C.
. ._ 1