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ON FEBRUARY 1. 1910. 

JOSIAH H. BENTON. President, 

Term expires May I, 1914. 


Term expires May I. 1912. Term expires May l> 1911. 


Term e^ires May 1, 1913. Term e^res May 1. 1910. 



The Trustees of the PubHc Library of the City of Boston, 
organized in 1 852, are now incorporated under the provisions of 
Chapter 1 1 4, of the Acts of 1 878, as amended. The Board for 
1852 was a preliminary organization; that for 1853 made the 
first annual report. At first the Board consisted of one alderman 
and one common councilman and five citizens at large, until 
1 867, when a revised ordinance made it to consist of one alder- 
man, two common councilmen and six citizens at large, two of 
whom retired, unless re-elected, each year, while the members 
from the City Council were elected yearly. In 1 878 the organi- 
zation of the Board was changed to include one alderman, one 
councilman, and five citizens at large, as before 1867; and in 
1 885, by the provisions of the amended city charter, the repre- 
sentation of the City Government upon the Board by an alder- 
man and a councilman was abolished, leaving the Board as at 
present, consisting of five citizens at large, appointed by the 
Mayor, for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring 
each year. The following citizens at large have been members 
of the Board since its organization in 1 852 : 

Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, 1 879-95. 

Appleton, Thomas Gold, 1852-57. 

Benton, Josiah Henry, ll.d,, 1894-. 

BiGELOw, Hon. John Prescott, 1 852-68. 

BowDiTCH, Henry Ingersoll, m.d., 1 865-68. 

BowDiTCH, Henry Pickering, m.d., 1894-1902. 

Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902- 

Braman, Jarvis Dwight, 1869-72. 

Carr, Samuel, 1895-96, 1908-. 

Chase, George Bigelow, 1876-85. 

Clarke, James Freeman, d.d., 1895-1907. 

Curtis, Daniel Sargent, 1873-75. 

DeNormandie, James, d.d., 1895-1907. 

Dwight, Thomas, m.d., 1899-1907. 

Everett, Hon. Edward, 1852-64. 

Frothingham, Richard, ll.d., 1875-79. 

Green, Samuel Abbott, m.d., 1868-78. 

Greenough, William Whitwell, 1856-88. 

Haynes, Prof. Henry Williamson, 1 880-95. 

HiLLARD. Hon. George Stillman, 1 872-75 ; 76-77. 

Kenney, William Francis, 1907-. 

Lincoln, Solomon, 1897-1907. 

Mann, Alexander, d.d., 1908-. 

Morton, Hon. Ellis Wesley, 1 870-73. 

Pierce Phineas, 1 888-94. 

Prince, Hon. Frederick Octavius, 1 888-99. 

Putnam, George, d.d., 1868-77. 

Richards, William Reuben, 1 889-95. 

Shurtleff, Hon. Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1 852-68. 

Thomas, Benjamin Franklin, ll.d., 1877-78. 

TicKNOR, George, ll.d., 1852-66. 

Walker, Francis Amasa, ll.d., 1 896. 

Whipple, Edwin Pevey, 1868-70. 

Whitmore, William Henry, 1885-88. 

WiNsoR, Justin, ll.d., 1 867-68. 

The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board 
from 1 852 to 1 864 ; George Ticknor, in 1 865 ; William W. 
Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof. Henry W. 
Haynes, from May 7, 1888, to May 12, 1888; Samuel A. 
B. Abbott, May 12, 1888. to April 30, 1895; Hon. F. O. 
Prince, October 8, 1895, to May 8, 1899; Solomon Lin- 
coln, May 12, 1899, to October 15, 1907; Rev. James De 
NoRMANDiE, January 31. 1908, to May 8, 1908; Josiah H. 
Benton, since May 8. 1 908. 


(From 1858 to 1877, the chief executive officer was entitled Superintendent.) 

Capen, Edward, Librarian, May 13, 1852-December 16, 1874. 
Jewett, Charles C, Superintendent, 1858-January 9, 1868. 
WiNSOR, Justin, ll.d.. Superintendent, February 25, 1868-Seplem- 

ber30, 1877. 
Green, Samuel A., M.D., Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 

1877-September 30, 1878. 
Chamberlain, Mellen, ll.d.. Librarian, October 1, 1 878-Septem- 

ber 30, 1890. 
DwiGHT, Theodore F., Librarian, April 1 3, 1 892-April 30, 1 894. 
Putnam, Herbert, ll.d.. Librarian, February 11,1 895-April 30, 

Whitney, James L., Acting Librarian, March 31, 1 899-December 

21, 1899; Librarian. December 22. 1899-January 31, 1903. 
Wadlin, Horace G., LITT.D., Librarian, since February 1 1903. 


Departments. Opened. 

Central Library. Copley Sq. Established May 2, 1854 Mar. 1 1. 1895 

$East Boston Branch. 37 Meridian St Jan. 28. 1871 

§South Boston Branch, 372 Broadway May 1, 1872 

IIRoxbury Branch, 46 Millmont St July, 1873 

JCharlestown Branch. City Sq *Jan., 1 874 

tBrighton Branch. Academy Hill Rd *Jan.. 1874 

JDorchester Branch. Arcadia, cor. Adcims St Jan. 25. 1874 

§South End Branch, 397 Shawmul Ave Aug., 1 877 

§Jamaica Plain Branch. Jackson Hall, (temporarily) Centre St.... Sept., 1877 

JWest Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Ml. Vernon St *Jan. 6. 1880 

tWesl End Branch. Cambridge, cor. Lynde St Feb. 1 . 1896 

JUpham's Corner Branch. Columbia Rd.. cor. Bird St Mar. 16, 1896 

Station A. Lower Mills Reading Room, Washington St June 7, 1875 

B. Roslindale Reading Room, Washington St., cor. Ash- 
land St Dec. 3.1878 

" D. Mattapan Reading Room. 727 Walk Hill St Dec. 27. 1881 

E. Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponsel Ave Jan. 1,1883 

F. Mt. Bowdoin Reading Room. Washington, cor. Eldon 

St Nov. 1,1886 

" G. Allston Reading Room, 354 Cambridge St Mar. 1 1 , 1 889 

J. Codman Square Reading Room, Washington, cor. Nor- 
folk St Nov. 12,1890 

" N. Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Dudley, cor. Magazine St. Apr. 29, 1892 
P. Broadway Extension Reading Room, 13 Broadway 

Extension Jan. 1 6. 1 896 

" R. Warren Street Reading Room. 390 Warren St May 1 . 1896 

S. Roxbury Crossing Reading Room. 1154 Tremont St.... Jan. 18. 1897 
T. Boylston Station Reading Room. The Lamartine. De- 
pot Sq Nov. 1,1897 

" W. Industrial School Reading Room, 39 North Bennet St.. Nov. 3, 1899 

" Z. Orient Heights Reading Room, 1030 Bennington St... June 25, 1901 

" 22. North Street Reading Room, 207 North St June 9,1903 

" 23. City Point Reading Room, 615 Broadway July 18.1906 

" 24. Parker Hill Reading Room. 1518 Tremont St July 15.1907 

*At a branch. ■'In building owned by City, and exclusively devoted fo library uses. Jin City building, 

in part devoted to other municipsj usei. §Occupies tented room*. II The lessee of the Fellowes Athe- 
naeum, a private library association. 

I of City, 43 Square miles. 

. Brighton Branch, Holtoti Library Building, Academy Hill Road. 

. Charlestown Branch, City Square. 

. Dorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St. 

. East Boston Branch, 37 Meridian St. 

, Jamaica Plain Branch, Jackson Hall, Centre St. 

I. Central Library, Copley Square. 

Branch Libraries, February i, 1910. 

Roxbury Branch, 46 Milln: 

South Boston Branch, 

: ^i' 

End Branch. Cambridge, 

Lower Mills Reading Room, Washington, coi 
Roslindale Reading Room, Washington, cor. 
Mattapan Reading Room, 717 Walk Hill St. 
Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponset Ave. 
Mount Bowdoin Reading Room, Washington, 
Allston Reading Room, 6 Harvard Ave. 
Codraan Square Reading Room, Washington, 
Mt. Pleasant Reading Room. Dudley, cor. M: 

West Roxbury Branch, Cent 

Delivery Stations, February i, 1910. 

Richmond St 

■oadway Extensi 

ig Room, 13 Broadway Extension. 
K. Warren Street Reading Room, 390 Warren St. 
S. Roxbury Crossing Reading Room. 1154 Tremont St. 
T. Boylston Station Reading Room, The Lamartine, Depot Squai 
W. Industrial School Reading Room, 30 North Bennet St. 
Heights Reading Room, 1010 Bennington St. 

O. No 

: Readii 

, Dorchester. V. City Point Rendir^ 

X. Parker Hill Reading Room, 

t St. 


Report of the Trustees 

Balance Sheet .... 
Report of the Examining Committee 
Report of the Librarian 
Index to the Annual Report, 1909-1910 



To His Honor John F. Fitzgerald, 

Mayor of the City of Boston: 
Sir, — The Board of Trustees of the PubHc Library of the 
City of Boston present the following report of its condition and 
affairs for the year ending January 31, 1910, being their fifty- 
eighth annual report. 


The Board organized on May 7, 1909, by the election of 
Mr. Josiah H. Benton as President, Mr. Thomas F. Boyle, 
Vice President, and Miss Delia Jean Deery, Clerk. 

The term of Mr. Benton expired on April 30, 1 909, and he 
was re-appointed and qualified a member of the Board for five 
years from that date. 


The receipts of the Library are of two classes: First, those 
which are to be expended by the Trustees in the maintenance of 
the Library. These consist of the annual appropriation by the 
City Council, and the income from Trust funds, given to the 
Trustees but invested by the City Treasurer under the direction 
of the Finance Committee of the City. During the past year 
these receipts were as follows : 

Annual appropriation $349,455.00 

Income from Trust funds, including unexpended balance of previous 
year 36,667.11 

Total $386,122.11 

Second, receipts which are accounted for and paid into the 
City treasury. These consist of receipts from fines for the deten- 
tion of books, from sales of finding lists, bulletins, and catalogues; 
from commissions paid for the use of telephone facilities; from 


sales of waste; from payments for lost books; and from money 
found in the Library. These receipts, during the year, have 
been as follows : 

From fines $5372.22 

From sales of catalogues, etc 79,19 

From telephone commissions 141.12 

From sales of waste 210.83 

From payments for lost books . 314.72 

From money found in the Library 3.57 

Total $6,121.65 

The $314.72 received for lost books, being received only to 
replace lost library property is, when paid into the City treasury, 
added to the appropriation for library maintenance. A balance 
sheet showing all the receipts cmd expenditures of the Library 
Department in detail is hereinafter contained. 


The appropriation made last year for the support of the Li- 
brary was generous, but not in excess of the sum required to 
maintain and administer the institution efficiently. To provide 
for its proper administration, taking into account the increase in 
the population of the City, and the enlarged demands made 
upon the library system, a progressive increase in appropriations 
will be necessary. As we said in our report last year: "It was 
the original design of the wise, sagacious, and public-spirited citi- 
zens who promoted the foundation of the Public Library that it 
should be a means of education for all. Such has been the 
course of its development up to this time, and such should be its 
future development. This means constantly increasing appro- 
priations for its support and improvement. The proper main- 
tenance, work, and development of the library system requires 
an annual appropriation of not less than $350,000. Without 
this, the Library will fail to be efficiently worked and improved 
to its full capacity for the education of our people, and its use- 
fulness will surely decrease. The Library cannot simply mark 
time. It must either march forward, or fall behind in its work." 



During the year, 38,637 volumes have been added to the 
library collection. Of these, 26,297 were purchased, 9,357 
were given to the Library, and the remainder were received by 
exchange, binding of periodicals into volumes, etc.; 13,152 vol- 
umes were purchased for the Central Library, and 13,145 for 
the branch libraries and reading-room stations. 

The total amount expended for books, including $9,952.68 
for periodicals and $2,247.06 for newspapers, was $42,979.52, 
or about 1 2 per cent of the entire expense of the Library for all 

The average cost of all books purchased was $1.15 per vol- 
ume. Of the books purchased, 22,356 were bought from money 
appropriated by the City, at an average cost of $0.95 a volume, 
and 3,941 were bought with the income of Trust funds, at an 
average cost of $2.33 a volume. 

In the purchase of books the Trustees have endeavored, within 
the means at their command, to provide current instructive and 
useful books for the people and to replace such books worn out 
by use. And they have sought as well to provide books for the 
use of scholars so that the Library may not lose its distinctive 
character not only as a popular library for the use of the people 
but also as a library for scholarly research and work. They are 
convinced that it is only by keeping the Library strong in both 
these directions that it can continue to be a great permanent edu- 
cational institution and of the greatest benefit to the City. 


TTiere were issued during the year for direct home use 
297,567 volumes at the Central Library, and from the Central 
Library through the branches and reading-room stations 75,372 
others, while the branches and reading-room stations also issued 
1 , 1 24,456 volumes for direct home use. TTiere were also issued 
from the Central Library, branches and reading-room stations, 
for use at schools and institutions, 1 50,45 1 volumes, making the 
entire issue for use outside the library buildings 1,647,846 


The use of the Library for general reference and study, being 
unrestricted, is not recorded statistically. Its extent, however, 
is shown by the fact that about half a million call slips for the 
table use of books in Bates Hall alone are required during the 
year. The daily use of books and other library material in the 
Central Library and in the branches is many times greater than 
the home use of books drawn out upon cards. 


During the year 3 1 ,088 volumes have been bound in the 
Bindery. Besides this, a large amount of miscellaneous work 
has been completed, consisting of the folding, stitching and trim- 
ming of 201 ,883 library publications, the mounting of maps and 
photographs, the repairing of books, the making of periodical 
covers, etc. The expense of performing this necessary miscel- 
laneous work is equivalent to about 1 6 per cent of the total ex- 
pense of the Department. The ability to do it promptly in our 
own Bindery, greatly promotes the convenience, economy and 
efficiency of the library work. 

The re-binding and repair of books, other than that included 
in ordinary current binding, had, as stated in our last report, been 
much neglected on account of insufficient appropriations in past 
years. But, as the appropriation for this year allowed, this work 
has been taken up by the Trustees and arrangements made for 
carrying on the work in the library bindery, by the temporary 
employment of an extra force. It was begun July 1 st, and up to 
February 1st, 3,056 volumes had been completed. It is pro- 
posed to continue the work until all the books in our collection 
which require attention have been put in good order if the appro- 
priations are adequate to do so. 


The Trustees have deemed it necessary during the past year 
to increase the salaries paid in many of the positions in the library 
service. The total annual salary expenditure of the Library on 
full time has been thereby increased in the sum of $1 1,042, or 


about 5.3 per cent. These increases make the average salary 
paid to library employees in the regular library staff, excluding 
janitors and persons engaged in mechanical work, $719.43, 
being $903.66 for male employees and $630.45 for female 

The employees in the Binding and Printing Departments are 
paid union wages and work union hours. All other employees, 
who are classed either as "laborers, workmen or mechanics," are 
employed at wages prevailing in those employments and for 
hours fixed by the State law applicable to cities which have ac- 
cepted its provisions, as Boston has, namely: "not more than 
eight hours in any one calendar day, or more than forty-eight 
hours in any one week." 

Excluding the librarian, assistant librarian, and ten other per- 
sons employed as heads of departments, the average salary paid 
to the remaining two hundred and six persons of the regular 
library staff is $628.57 a year. Of these persons sixty-one are 
males who receive the average salary of $646.03 a year, and 
one hundred and forty-five are females who receive the average 
salary of $62 1 .2 1 a year. 


In this connection the Trustees desire to call attention to the 
importance of legislation which will enable some provision to be 
made by the Trustees for a contribution to the support of em- 
ployees who become worn out in the service of the Library. A 
large part of this service is specialized work, and it is very desira- 
ble that persons who enter the library profession for such work 
should remain in it. In fact, after they have been in this profes- 
sion long enough to be of the best service to it they are practically 
unfitted for any other work. 

The margin between the salaries which can be paid them and 
their necessary expenses for reasonable and decent living is very 
small. As was said by the Examining Committee of last year: 
"It is manifestly impossible for persons receiving such rates of 
compensation to create and maintain any adequate fund to which 
resort can be had in the emergencies of life which confront, 


or are likely to confront them." The result necessarily is that 
persons remain in the library sers^ice after their ability to do 
efficient work is impaired, and when for that reason they should 
be retired from it without becoming objects of charity or requir- 
ing the assistance of others for their support. 

The efficiency of the public service suffers from this because 
the worn-out employee is not able to do as good work as ought 
to be done, and the expense of the service is also increased be- 
cause it is necessary to have more employees if a portion of them 
are unable to do the best work. A worn-out tool is the most 
expensive tool for use, whether it be a combination of merely 
material things like wood and metal, or a living human being. 

The Trustees have given much consideration to this subject 
and would be glad to do something in this direction if it were in 
their power, but they have no trust fund the income of which is 
applicable to this purpose, and the law does not permit them to 
retain any portion of the annual appropriation for such purpose. 

Indeed it mav be said that as the law now stands the em- 
ployees of the Library themselves cannot, if they had the means, 
as they have not, create any fund for this purpose. They have 
established a Mutual Benefit Association to which they make 
contributions within their means, and out of which benefits are 
paid for time lost by employees on account of sickness, and a 
moderate sum paid at death to the beneficiary of the deceased 
member of the Association. They are much to be commended 
for what they have done, and we trust that their efforts in this 
direction may be aided by contributions from others. 

But what we wish to earnestly press upon the consideration of 
the City Government and of the people of the City, is the im- 
portance, not only from humanitarian but also from business 
considerations, of some provision which will render it unneces- 
sary to retain in our service those who have been worn out by 
years of work in it, and whose retirement with suitable provision 
for their proper support is demanded, not only because it is hu- 
mane but because it is for the best business interests of the Li- 
brary and of the City. TTie annual expense for this purpose need 
not be large and it should, we think, be met in part by contribu- 


tions from the employees who are to be benefitted by it. But we 
feel that the interests of the Library require that the Trustees 
should have the power to deal with this important matter in such 
just and reasonable way as may be found for the best interests of 
the City. 


TTie Central Library and the branches open and their work 
begins at nine o'clock in the morning. The reading-room sta- 
tions open in the afternoon at varying hours, most of them at two 
o'clock. The service continues until ten o'clock at night at the 
Central Library building and at the West End Branch, and un- 
til nine at the other branches and reading-room stations except 
during the summer months. From June 1 5 until September 1 5 
the Central Library and West End Branch are closed at nine 
o'clock. The other branches and reading rooms during a shorter 
period close earlier than in winter, most of them at six o'clock. 
The Central Library is in operation 102 week days of twelve 
hours each, 203 week days of thirteen hours each, 1 7 Sundays 
of nine hours each, and 35 Sundays and two holidays of ten 
hours each, making an aggregate of 359 days, or 4,680 hours, 
during each twelve months. 

The Sunday service has been extended during the year and 
as now arranged includes the Central Library and the West End 
Branch throughout the year. All the other branches (except 
the West Roxbury Branch, which has no Sunday service) and 
the eight largest reading rooms provide Sunday service from 
November 1 to May 1 only. The hours are as follows: 

At the Central Library and West End Branch, from twelve 
o'clock to ten o'clock, except that the closing hour is nine o'clock 
from June 15 until September 15. At the South End and 
South Boston Branches from twelve o'clock to nine o'clock. 
At the other branches (except West Roxbury), and at the eight 
largest reading rooms (namely, Allston, Codman Square, 
Broadway Extension, Warren Street, Roxbury Crossing, Boyl- 
ston Station, City Point, Parker Hill), from two o'clock to nine 


o'clock. At all of these reading rooms except Codman Square 
the room is closed from six to seven o'clock. 

The total number of hours of Sunday service provided an- 
nually at the Central Library and at the West End Branch is 
503 each; at the South End and South Boston Branches, 234 
hours each; at the other branches (except West Roxbury) and 
at the Codman Square Reading Room, 1 82 hours each ; and at 
the following reading rooms: Allston, Broadway Extension, 
Warren Street, Roxbury Crossing, Boylston Station, City Point, 
Parker Hill, 1 56 hours each. 


The Trustees endeavor to cooperate with the educational 
work of the schools as far as possible without impairing the 
Library service in other directions. 

During the past year the Library has been daily supplying 
with books 28 branches and reading rooms, 120 public and 
parochial schools, 58 engine houses, and 29 institutions, and 
sending out upon the average from the Central Library, about 
400 volumes every day by its delivery wagons. The number of 
volumes sent on deposit from the Central Library through the 
branch system was 38,298, of which 7,678 were sent to schools. 
There were also sent from the branches themselves and from two 
of the largest reading rooms 19,322 volumes on deposit distrib- 
uted among 134 places. Of these 14,585 were sent to schools. 
That is to say, not only is the collection of the Central Library 
used as a reservoir from which books may be drawn for use in 
the branches and reading rooms, but each of the branches and 
reading rooms is in itself a reservoir from which books are drawn 
for use by teachers in schools in its immediate vicinity. 

We desire in this connection, however, to renew the sugges- 
tion contained in our last report, that the Library cannot be made 
a mere adjunct to the schools without impairing its efficiency for 
public use which is the main purpose for which it is designed and 
should be maintained. It must also be borne in mind that so far 
as the Library aids the schools by doing that which the schools 
would otherwise be required to do, it adds to its own expenses 


and correspondingly reduces the expenses of the schools. The 
question of how far the Library ought, with due regard to its 
other work, or can within the appropriations made for it by the 
City Council, increase its work with the schools is therefore im- 
portant, and requires constant and careful consideration. 


It seems desirable at this time to call attention to the branch 
library system by a more detailed statement of its growth and 
work, and of its accommodations, especially in the way of build- 
ings, than has heretofore been made in our reports. The year 
1894 is a proper date upon which to base such statement, as 
early in 1 895 the branches were first worked as a system in con- 
nection with the new Central Library building opened at that 

Of the nine branches existing in 1894, the first to be estab- 
lished was in East Boston, opened in 1871 in the old Lyman 
School building, 37 Meridian Street. Rooms on the second 
floor of this building were assigned to the use of the branch, and 
it still retains them, without enlargement or substantial alteration 
during the thirty-nine years. They are reached by means of a 
winding and inconvenient stairway leading from the street. The 
first story of the building in not only occupied by primary school 
classes, but by the police court. The circulation for home use 
from the branch in the year following its establishment was 
74,804, and in 1895, the year in which the Central Library 
building in Copley Square was opened, it was 66,386 volumes. 
During the year just closed it had risen to 89,462. 

The second branch to be established was opened in South 
Boston, May 1, 1872, in leased premises at 372 Broadway, on 
the second floor of the building, still used substantially without 
change. It circulated for home use in the following year 
101 ,688 volumes, and in the year 1 895, 97, 1 04 volumes. Dur- 
ing the year just closed the circulation was 96,999 volumes. 

TTie Roxbury Branch was opened in January, 1873, in a 
rented building, erected for library purposes by the Fellowes 
Athenaeum, at 46 Millmont Street. Its circulation for home 


use in the following year was 64,092, rising in 1 895 to 94,073. 
During the year just closed the circulation was 82,983. 

The Charlestown Branch, formerly the public library of the 
City of Charlestown, was made part of the Boston Public Li- 
brary system through the annexation of Charlestown to Boston 
in January, 1 874. It occupies restricted quarters on the second 
floor of the old Charlestown city hall building in City Square. 
Its circulation for home use in 1 874, the first year recorded after 
the library became a part of our system, was 32,023, rising in 
1895 to 59,930. For the year just closed it was 54,661. 

In 1874, the Brighton Public Library, known as the Holton 
Library, also became a branch of the Boston Public Library 
by the annexation of the town of Brighton. It is located in a 
convenient building erected especially for its occupancy on 
Academy Hill Road. Its circulation for home use in 1 874 was 
9,652, rising in 1895 to 24,389, and in the year just closed to 

TTie Dorchester Branch occupies quarters in a municipal 
building at the corner of Arcadia and Adams Streets. It was 
opened in 1875. Its circulation for home use in that year 'was 
15,675, rising to 65,929 in 1895, and declining to 50,943 in the 
year just closed. The space devoted to this branch has recently 
been increased by an enlargement of the building, but it is still 
inadequate to the proper use of the branch. The children's 
room, which is located on the upper floor, is small, low, and is 
reached by a narrow and inconvenient stairway. 

The South End Branch was opened in August, 1877, in 
rooms formerly occupied by the Mercantile Library Associa- 
tion, at the corner of West Newton and Tremont Streets. It 
circulated for home use in the following year 41,303 volumes. 
In 1895 its circulation had risen to 89,219. At that time it 
occupied rooms in the basement of the English High School 
building which were very inadequate. In July, 1904, it was 
moved to the building at 397 Shawmut Avenue, formerly occu- 
pied by the Every Day Church, taken under lease by the Li- 
brary and refitted for library purposes. The direct circulation 
for home use during the year just closed was 97,700 volumes. 

The Jamaica Plain Branch was also opened in 1877 in a 
building belonging to the City, known as Curtis Hall, which was 


destroyed by fire in December, 1 908. Plans for a new branch 
building have been prepared, and an appropriation of $30,000 
made for its construction. It is expected that it will be ready for 
occupancy during the coming year. This Branch circulated 
during the year following its opening 28,1 74 volumes for home 
reading. In 1895 the circulation had risen to 56,220. During 
the year just closed the circulation for home use was 40,907. 
The Library is now located in very inconvenient temporary 
quarters in Jackson Hall on Centre Street. 

The West Roxbury Branch, opened first as a delivery sta- 
tion in 1 880 and later as a branch, occupies the second story of 
a wooden building owned by the City and previously devoted to 
other uses; but now enlarged so as to make it fairly suitable for 
its purpose. It is, however, subject to some danger from fire. 
The circulation for home use from this branch in 1 893, the first 
year for which it was recorded, was 6,953. In 1 895 it had be- 
come 9,982. For the year just closed it was 36,309 volumes. 

These were the nine branches existing at the time the present 
Central Library building was opened to public use in 1895. 
There are now two others, — the West End Branch and the 
branch at Upham's Corner. The West End Branch at the 
corner of Cambridge and Lynde Streets, was opened in 1 896 in 
the old West Church building which had been purchased by the 
City and fitted up for library uses. Its circulation for home use 
in the year following its opening was 81,428, and in the year 
just closed 1 49,842. 

The latest branch to be added to the system is that at 
Upham's Corner, located on the first floor of the Municipal 
Building on Columbia Road. It was first opened in another 
location as a delivery station merely, and transferred to the 
present building in 1904. It was made a branch in February, 
1907. The circulation for home use, of the delivery station in 
1 896, its first year, was 9,287 ; while the branch during the year 
just closed circulated for home use 74,085 volumes. 


Besides the branches referred to, the branch system includes 
seventeen reading-room stations in different parts of the city, 


nearly all of them opened since 1875, originally as shop sta- 
tions or places of call merely, for the return and delivery of 
books. All but two of these occupy rented premises, and they 
are now all administered as reading-room stations, with small 
permanent collections of books. They are in effect minor 
branches, directly controlled by the library staff. 

The reading-room stations are located and accommodated as 
follows : 

The Dorchester Lower Mills Reading Room, is in a city 
building, shared by the Police Station, at the corner of Wash- 
ington and Richmond Streets. It is adequately provided for at 

The Roslindale Reading Room, is in a leased building, en- 
tirely devoted to library uses, at the corner of Washington and 
Ashland Streets, Roslindale. It is adequate now, but in a short 
time should be made a branch, with a new, modern library 

The Mattapan Reading Room, occupies a leased room at 
727 Walk Hill Street. The room was intended for mercantile 
purposes, to which the remainder of the first story of the building 
is devoted, the upper stories containing residential apartments. It 
is adequate now in space but not in equipment, and new and 
better quarters will soon be needed. 

The Neponset Reading Room, is in a small leased building 
entirely occupied by the reading room, at 362 Neponset Ave- 
nue. Its quarters are at present adequate for its uses. 

The Mt. Bowdoin Reading Room, is in a leased store, at the 
corner of Washington and Eldon Streets, Dorchester. It should 
soon have larger and better accommodation for its increasing use. 

The Allston Reading Room, occupies a leased store, at 6 
Harvard Avenue, Allston, which is now adequate for its pur- 

The Codman Square Reading Room, is in a city building, de- 
voted entirely to library purposes, except the ward room in the 
basement, at Codman Square, Dorchester. It is adequate to its 
purposes and likely to be so for some time. 

The Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, occupies rented rooms on 
the first floor of a building at the corner of Dudley and Maga- 


zine Streets. The upper floors are occupied by classes from a 
neighboring parochial school. The quarters are adequate for 
present uses. 

The Broadway Extension Reading Room, is in a leased store 
at 13 Broadway Extension. The apartment is much too small, 
is unventilated, poorly lighted, and so noisy on account of the 
proximity of the Washington Street Elevated Railway that it 
should be abandoned for library purposes. 

The Warren Street Reading Room, is in a leased store at 390 
Warren Street, Roxbury, which is not adequate nor suitable for 
the best use of the public. 

The Roxbury Crossing Reading Room, is in a leased store at 
1 1 54 Tremont Street, Roxbury, which is fairly adequate for its 
present purposes. 

The Boylston Station Reading Room, is in a leased store, at 
Depot Square, Boylston Station, which is fairly adequate but in 
some respects not well adapted for its public uses. 

The Industrial School Reading Room, is in rooms in the 
building occupied by the North Bennet Street Industrial School, 
at 39 North Bennet Street. These rooms are wholly inadequate 
for library purposes. 

The Orient Heights Reading Room, has rented apartments 
on the ground floor of a building at 1030 Bennington Street, 
East Boston, which are at present adequate for its purpose. 

The North Street Reading Room, is in a rented apartment, 
on the ground floor of the building at 207 North Street, which 
is adequate for present purposes. 

The City Point Reading Room, is in a leased store on the 
ground floor of the Gray's Hall building, 615 Broadway, South 
Boston, with a moving picture show over it. TTiis is wholly in- 
adequate for the public use. 

The Parker Hill Reading Room, is in a leased store on the 
ground floor of a building at 1518 Tremont Street, which is 
adequate for the present public use. 


The nine branches which existed in 1 894 circulated for home 
use in that year 484,768 volumes. The eleven branches which 


now exist circulated for home use in the year just closed about 
817,814 volumes, and in addition about 23,500 volumes were 
issued through these branches from the Central Library. This 
statement, it will be noticed, covers the branches only, and does 
not include the circulation from the reading-room stations as 
part of the branch system. 

It will be noticed that the circulation for home use in some of 
the branches has declined since they were first opened, while in 
others a very substantial increase appears. The decline, where 
it is found, is due to various causes, such, for example, as the 
change in residential conditions in the neighborhood served by 
the branch, the establishment of reading-room stations in the 
vicinity, which take away part of the patronage formerly be- 
stowed upon the branch, the greater use of the central library 
collection as supplementary to the branch collections, etc. 

The circulation for home use, however, cannot be taken as an 
adequate measure of the work of the branches, although it is 
the only part of the work which is recorded so as to be expressed 
statistically. The increase in the work of the branches as a 
whole is due to the changed conditions affecting the library sys- 
tem, and especially to the very great increase in the reference 
work so-called. In 1 894, for example, although there were nine 
branch libraries, they were not worked together as parts of a 
system operated in connection with the Central Library so as to 
best serve the public. But irrespective of the circulation of books 
for home reading the work done through the branches has in- 
creased to such an extent that the accommodations provided in 
many of the buildings occupied by them are most inadequate 
and inconvenient. 


A comparison of the work performed by the branches when 
the central library building was opened for use in March, 1895, 
with existing conditions, gives substantially the following results : 

At that time there were nine branches; there are now eleven. 
TTiere were then five reading-room stations (minor branches) 
maintained, with small collections of books, and nine shop 


stations (places of call) for the delivery and return of books. 
There are now seventeen reading-room stations all directly con- 
trolled from the Central Library, with small permanent collec- 
tions of books. The number of volumes in the branch collections 
at the end of the year 1894 was 145,744. It is now 184,816, 
although many old and little used volumes have been withdrawn 
from the branch collections. In the reading-room stations at the 
close of the year 1 894 there were not more than a few hundred 
volumes. Such stations now contain 24,524 volumes. 

The yearly accessions for the branches in 1894 amounted to 
about 4,200 volumes. The accessions of the branches in 1 909— 
10 were 7,530 volumes. Besides these, 2,846 volumes were 
purchased for the reading-room stations, as against practically 
none in 1 894. Under the present system new books at the Cen- 
tral Library are made available through the branches, thus 
obviating the necessity of duplicating all new purchases by copies 
bought for branches. In 1 894 there was no collection of books 
on deposit at the Central Library for branch use. Now 33,107 
volumes are kept in a deposit collection at the Central Library 
and sent out through the Branch Department to branches, read- 
ing-room stations, schools, institutions, clubs, etc. In 1 894 there 
was very slight duplication of copies of books purchased for the 
branches. Now there is extensive duplication. 

In 1 894 practically no volumes were sent on deposit through 
the Branch Department to the schools. Now about 22,000 
volumes are sent out annually in this way. Then, teachers were 
not supplied with special collections. Now about 540 teachers 
are thus supplied. In 1 894 there were few volumes reserved at 
the branches for the special use of students and pupils from the 
schools. Now a considerable number are thus reserved each 
year, selected for special occasions or upon the request of 
teachers, and put on special shelves for reading-room use in the 

In 1894 no public or parochial schools received particular 
attention at the branches. Now, 1 20 such schools are cared for. 
Each branch forms a centre, having assigned to it a certain 
number of schools whose wants are cared for by the custodian. 
This intimate cooperation largely extends the use of the branch 


collections, develops the use of the central collection through 
the branches as intermediaries, and it brings large numbers of 
pupils to the branches for reference work and for the general 
use of the reading tables, thus making each branch an importeint 
factor as a library agency in the educational work of the City. 

Talks are given at some of the branches, supplementing those 
given at the Central Library, on the use of the Library, thus 
extending the knowledge of books. Typewritten lists of books 
in connection with school work are prepared and posted at the 
branches. Helps on home reading are given. Teachers' cards 
are issued. Each year the branches are used as agencies for 
taking applications for library cards through the schools. About 
800 portfolios of pictures are annually sent out to schools from 
the Central Library through the branches. Small branch collec- 
tions of pictures are kept at the branches, and from these collec- 
tions about 1 8,000 pictures are annually lent to schools. None 
of this work was attempted in 1 894. It is now fully organized 
and constantly increasing in bulk and importance. 

The age limit for issuing borrowers' cards was 12 years in 
1 894. It is now 1 years, thus bringing large numbers to use the 
branches. In 1894 the branches closed at 8 P.M. They are 
now open from 9 A. M to 9 P.M. In 1 894 no branches were open 
on Sunday. Now all the branches (except at West Roxbury) 
and also certain reading-room stations are opened on Sunday 
afternoons, closing at 9 P.M., and the Sunday hours at the larger 
branches have recently been extended. The use of the reading 
rooms in branches will probably increase. The use of the 
branches has been extended since 1894 by the introduction of 
card catalogues, the publication of printed finding lists of books 
common to the branches, and especially by the placing of a large 
proportion of the branch collections upon open shelves. Of the 
nearly 87,000 cards which now are valid for the issue of books 
for home use, about 62,000 have been issued through the 
branches. In 1897, the first year of record, only 24,769 were 
so issued. The total annual cost of the branch system in 1894 
was $40,926. It is now about $95,000, exclusive of the cost of 
administration of the Branch Department at the Central Library. 


The foregoing comparison shows the importance of the 
branches as a part of the general Hbrary system. The Branches 
promote the convenience of the public materially, not only by the 
direct library facilities which they provide, but indirectly as 
agencies through which the collections of the Central Library 
may be more conveniently used in the different districts of the 


Upon the basis of circulation for home use the branches at 
present may be roughly grouped as follows : 

1 St. The West End Branch. This stands by itself with an 
annual direct circulation of 149,842. The service expense, i. e., 
the expense of administration, of this Branch is $6,663 annually. 
It occupies a large building which must be properly cared for 
and kept in repair, and there are two floors to supervise. 

2d. The South Boston, South End and East Boston 
Branches form the next group, with a circulation of from 90,000 
to 100,000 volumes. The service expense at East Boston is 
about $4,322 annually, and at South Boston $4,409, each 
branch being operated on a single floor. At the South End, 
which occupies a large building with two floors, the service 
expense is about $5,305 annually. 

3d. The next group includes the branches at Roxbury and 
at Uphcim's Corner, with a circulation from 75,000 to 85,000 
annually. TTie Roxbury Branch occupies a large building with 
a considerable collection of books, upon two floors, and the 
annual expense is about $4,969. The Upham's Corner Branch 
is operated upon one floor, and the annual service expense is 
about $2,696. 

4th. The next group includes the branches at Charlestown, 
Jamaica Plain, Dorchester and Brighton, with a circulation 
from 40,000 to 54,500 annually. The Charlestown Branch, 
although upon a single floor, contains a large collection of books 
which must be cared for, and the service expense is about $4, 1 1 8. 
At Brighton, the branch is housed in a convenient building en- 
tirely devoted to library uses, although confined to one floor. 


There are grounds which must be cared for, and the annual ser- 
vice expense is about $4,079. At the Dorchester Branch there 
are two floors, the annual service cost being about $3,949. The 
Jamaica Plain Branch, temporarily located upon the second 
floor of a rented building, requires an annual service expenditure, 
under present conditions, of about $3,026. 

5th. Finally, there is the West Roxbury Branch, located 
in a residential district partly rural, with a small collection of 
books. Its annual circulation is from 36,000 to 38,000, and 
the service expense is annually about $2,158. 

Of the foregoing branches, all except those at South Boston, 
Roxbury, Jamaica Plain, and the South End Branch, are in 
buildings owned by the City. The Jamaica Plain Branch, how- 
ever, will during the coming year be removed to a City library 
building. At the South Boston Branch the annual rental charge 
is $2,000; at Roxbury, $1,600; and at the South End Branch, 
$2,500, besides taxes and insurance. Of the seventeen reading- 
room stations operated separately from the branches as a part of 
the branch system, fifteen are in rented premises, the aggregate 
rental amounting to $8,800. 


The circulation of books for home use, which in 1 894 repre- 
sented practically all the activity of the branches, has, it will be 
seen, now become only one element in their public work. The 
use of books in the buildings, promoted by the open shelves, by 
reserve collections for the schools, by special deposits from the 
Central Library, and by the close general cooperation with edu- 
cational institutions and study classes, has added very largely to 
the work performed at the branches. This, grouped under the 
general and somewhat misleading term of "reference work," is in 
many ways the most important part of the work of the branches. 
It constantly increases, and in Boston, as in other cities, requires 
for its proper administration not only more space, but better 
arrangement and more generous equipment than formerly, when 
the use of the buildings was principally as places of call for 
obtaining and returning books to be read at home. Hie total 


floor area of the ten branches now maintained, which were in 
operation either as branches or reading-room stations in 1 896, is 
68,940 square feet. In 1896 these same branches had a floor 
area of 53,475 square feet. The increase is wholly at the fol- 
lowing branches: 

Dorchester, increase 708 square feel 

South End, " 13,800 " 

West Roxbury. " 957 " 

Fourteen years, total increase 15,465 

Some of the others are adequate, notably the branches at 
Brighton and Roxbury, and at the West End, which occupy 
buildings constructed or re-arranged for library purposes and 
with due regard to growth. The branch at Jamaica Plain, for- 
merly in the Curtis Hall building, will be amply provided for in 
its new building, planned especially for its needs, and soon to 
be erected on part of the lot which was occupied by the old 
building. Others, especially the branches at Charlestown, East 
Boston and South Boston, ought very soon to have independent 
buildings, adapted to the important uses of these leading 
branches, and there should be a building for a new branch at 
some proper place in the North End at an early day. The 
Trustees have had under consideration a new building for the 
Charlestown Branch, but a suitable site has not been found; and 
besides the present appropriation of $30,000 for land and build- 
ings is inadequate for the purpose. The present location is 
neither central nor suitable. The East Boston Branch is very 
much crowded, and its location is not satisfactory. Propositions 
to build nev/ buildings for city purposes in East Boston have not 
yet included proper arrangements for the branch, nor have the 
Trustees been consulted as to its needs. The South Boston 
Branch has a large circulation, and is one of the most important 
branches from every point of view. It occupies inadequate 
second-story apartments under lease. 

The selection and the procuring of proper sites for branch li- 
braries and reading rooms is a very difficult matter. They must 
be located where they will best serve the people within the terri- 
tory for which they are established, and this necessarily confines 


the selection to a very limited area. It is seldom that the best 
premises are available vs^ithin such area, at a reasonable price. It 
is worthy of consideration whether the city should not exercise in 
this matter the right to take by eminent domain, property neces- 
sary for this purpose where it cannot be obtained at a reasonable 
price by purchase, or at a satisfactory rental. 

Boston should have the best equipped library system in the 
United States. Our citizens are proud of its Central Library 
building, and we believe are satisfied with the administration and 
working of the Library Department as a whole. But in respect 
to the branch system, which comes most directly in contact with 
those of our people who most need the Library, we are, on the 
whole, behind any other important city in the Union. We have 
no branch library building so constructed as to be operated with 
the utmost efficiency and economy and with the best service for 
the public. 

The reading-room stations, which are of very great importance 
in bringing instructive books to those who would not otherwise 
have them, — which is the primary purpose of a library sup- 
ported by taxation, — are many of them inadequate and incon- 
venient, badly situated for convenient use, ill ventilated, and in 
general not creditable to a city of the wealth and population of 

We invite the attention of the City Council especially to the 
matter of better accommodations for some of our branch libraries 
and reading-room stations. An examination of them, which we 
trust will be made, will show what they are more forcibly than 
any description we can give in this report. 

The time has passed when the branch libraries can be properly 
operated in buildings partly devoted to other uses. The scheme 
of a municipal building devoted to baths, gymnasiums, and other 
activities, and also providing for the Library, while apparently 
having advantages from the point of view of a neighborhood 
centre, does not properly provide for the work of the Library. 
The work the Library is doing is so far educational that it should 
be treated with the same consideration as to its accommodations 
as is given to the schools. Branch library buildings ought to be 
planned especially and solely for library purposes and should be 


dignified but not expensive or elaborate structures. The other 
important cities in the United States are providing for their 
branch Hbraries, independent buildings of modern construction 
specially adapted to library work. The Trustees are of the 
opinion that the same course should be followed here. It would 
add to the efficiency of the service, and benefit the people at 
large as much as any improvement which could be made in our 
library system. 


The newspaper room at the Central Library, the papers for 
which are mainly purchased from the income of a bequest of the 
late William C. Todd for that purpose, has 343 different papers 
filed for current reading, of which 255 are in the English lan- 
guage, 1 6 French, 1 6 German, 7 Italian, 7 Spanish, 7 Swedish, 
and the rest in 1 4 other languages, including one in Old Hebrew, 
published in Jerusalem, and one in Tagalese and English, pub- 
lished in the Philippines; also Greek, Russian, Armenian, Po- 
lish, Welsh, Hungarian, etc. During the last year about 1 7,1 5 1 
newspaper volumes were consulted by readers. 

One thousand five hundred and sixty-two different periodi- 
cals, including serial issues published by institutions and by the 
state and national governments, are regularly filed and used in 
the Periodical Room at the Central Library, 1 67 in the Statis- 
tical, Music, Patent, and Fine Arts Departments and in the 
Children's Room, making with the 89 taken at the branches, 
1,815 in all. These include all the leading periodicals of the 
world in every department of literature and science and in almost 
every language, all of which find ready readers. 


Under the cooperative inter-library loan system books are 
occasionally lent to public libraries in other cities or towns for 
the temporary use of a person who wishes to consult a book 
which his local library does not possess. In this way there were 
lent to libraries in the State, during the year 1 909, 792 volumes. 


and to libraries outside Massachusetts 252 volumes. On the 
other hand, a person in Boston can by this arrangement obtain in 
the same way from other libraries books which our Library does 
not have, and during the year 89 volumes were thus borrowed. 


During the year 32 lectures were given in the Lecture Hall 
of the Central Library, for which no compensation was paid to 
the persons who lectured, and admission to which was free to all. 
The lectures were chiefly on subjects connected with the fine arts, 
architecture, the aesthetic side of literature and printing, pictur- 
esque notes of travel, etc., including among others: "Recent 
Developments in Civic Art," "Colonial and Revolutionary 
Churches," "The Future of the City," "Imagination and Liter- 
alism in Illustration," "The Nature and Scope of Art," "Types 
of Art Composition and Drawing," "Style," "Books and Book 
Lovers," and accounts of picturesque travels in Portugal, Sicily, 
North Africa, Algiers, Tunis, Biskra, Norway, Spain and Italy. 


The real estate, 1 1 99 Washington Street, received by the Li- 
brary as part of the bequest of Joseph H. Center, consisting of 
land and the brick building thereon, occupied under lease by the 
South End National Bank, was sold to the bank under a vote 
passed by the Trustees, April 30, 1909. The sum received 
therefor, $14,500, was paid to the City Treasurer and added to 
the principal of the Center Fund. 

The only real estate now held by the Trustees is a small estate 
on Arnold Street given by the will of Mr. Center, which they 
have not been able to sell at a satisfactory price. It is assessed at 


Substantially all the money which the Trustees can use for the 
maintenance and working of the library system comes from the 
annual appropriation by the City Council. The Trust funds. 


that is, property given to the Trustees in trust for the uses of the 
Library, are by law required to be invested by the City Treasurer 
under the direction of the Finance Committee of the City. 

A detailed statement of these funds is annually contained in 
the report of the City Treasurer and in the report of the City 
Auditor, and therefore is not presented here. The income re- 
ceived from them in 1909 was $19,546.10. This income can 
only be used for the specific purposes of the several trusts under 
which it is held, which vary widely. Some are for the purchase 
of books for separate branches; some for the addition of books 
to special collections, such as books on government and political 
economy, books in the Spanish and Portuguese languages, valu- 
able rare editions of books, books of a military and patriotic 
character, books in memory of specific persons, and, in one case 
only, for books published before 1 850. 

During the past nine years the estimates of the Trustees, the 
recommendations by the Mayor, and the amounts appropriated 
by the City Council have been as follows : 








1901 $291,713.65 



1902 . 




1903 . 





1904 . 




1905 . 




1906 . . 




1907 . 




1908 . 




1909 . 










The Library received in December, from Mr. Allen A. 
Brown, his valuable and extensive collection of books relating 
to the stage. 


In transmitting this gift Mr. Brown sent the following com- 
munication to the Trustees: 

I wish to offer to the Public Library my collection of Books relating 
to the stage and gathered during the past fifty years, subject to the fol- 
lowing conditions and restrictions: 

1 St. The Collection to be known as the "Allen A. Brown Dramatic 
Collection," and to be kept in an apartment or alcove by itself, and located 
near the "Allen A. Brown Collection of Music." Each volume to bear 
a Book-plate or Stamp designating the same as belonging to said Collec- 

2d. That it shall be held by the Trustees and treated as a library of 
reference; nothing to be taken from the Library except for binding and 
needful repairs, or as hereinafter provided. 

3d. That during my life time I may have free access to the Collec- 
tion at all proper times, and may take from the building such volumes as 
I may need, holding myself responsible for their safe return. 

4th. That I shall have the privilege of inserting in the works any 
items of interest such as bills of performances, notices of works, and 
various cuttings relating to the same. 

5 th. That a Catalogue of the Collection shall be made and issued 
by the Trustees within a reasonable period: Also that such portions of 
the Library as still remain unbound, shall be put in condition for the 
shelves without delay, and that the general style of binding I have adopted 
be preserved as far as possible. 

I also reserve the right of placing the books upon the shelves, in such 
manner as may best carry out my ideas of economy of space and outward 

Yours very respectfully, 
(Signed) Allen A. Brown. 

The Trustees thereupon voted to accept the gift, subject to 
the conditions and limitations set forth in Mr. Brown's letter, 
and requested the President to transmit a copy of the record of 
acceptance, with suitable acknowledgment, to Mr. Brown, in the 
name of the Corporation, which was done by the following 

January 7, 19 10. 

My dear Mr. Brown: 

I enclose herewith a certified copy of the record of the action of the 
Trustees in accepting the generous gift by you of the "Allen A. Brown 
Dramatic Collection," I beg to assure you not only for myself but for 


each member of the Board, that we very much appreciate your action in 
this matter, and trust you may long be able to give to this Collection the 
same care and attention you have so generously given to the "Allen A. 
Brown Collection of Music" which you presented to the Library in 1895. 
You have conferred a great public benefit upon our City, and have added 
still more to your monument in the Library for which we all have so much 

With assurances of personal regard, 
I remain 

Yours sincerely, 

(Signed) J. H. BentON, 



On the 8th of November, 1 909, Mr. James Lyman Whitney 
completed forty years of service in the Library. For twenty 
years he was in charge of the Catalogue Department. On 
March 31,1 899, he became Acting Librarian, and on Decem- 
ber 22, 1899, Librarian. He resigned as Librarian February 
1, 1903, and became Chief of the Statistical Department at 
that time. He is one of the most eminent scholars in the library 
profession, and in recognition of that fact in connection with his 
long service, the Trustees, on November 5, 1909, adopted the 
following resolution: 

"Whereas, Mr. James Lyman Whitney, who entered the Boston 
Public Library on the 8th of November, I 869, will have completed forty 
years of service on Monday, November 8, 1909, the Trustees of the 
Library desire to put on record their appreciation of his long, faithful and 
efficient service in the various important positions which he has filled in the 
Library service." 


The grounds in front of the West End Branch, at the corner 
of Cambridge and Lynde Streets, known as Lowell Square, 
were formerly in charge of the Public Grounds Department, but 
were transferred to the custody of the Trustees of the Library 
in July, 1903. 

The square was enclosed by a cast-iron fence which had 
become much dilapidated and was beyond repair. This has 


been removed and the square enclosed by a wrought-iron fence 
upon a brick base with brick piers and stone dressings, and with 
ornamental wrought-iron gates in front; the design harmonizing 
with the architecture of the old building, which is one of the 
historic monuments of the City. 

The expense of this improvement was $2,673. Of this sum 
$2,500 was derived from the income of the Phillips Street Fund, 
appropriated in November, 1899, by the Board of Aldermen, 
for a fountain in the courtyard of the building in Copley Square, 
or for any other work of sculpture to be placed in the courtyard. 
The money was never expended for such purposes, and it ap- 
peared that it could not have been so used, unless in contraven- 
tion of the terms under which the Phillips Street Fund was 
received by the City, the giver, Jonathan Phillips, having pro- 
vided in his will that the income from his bequest should be 
"expended to adorn and embellish the streets and public places" 
in the City. The amount was therefore re-appropriated by the 
Board of Aldermen, in January, 1909, to be expended by the 
Trustees of the Library for the contemplated improvement of 
Lowell Square. 

It is our intention to still further improve the grounds during 
the coming year by shrubbery planting, and by re-grading and 
repairing the walks. 


The Trustees appointed an Examining Committee of persons 
not members of the Board, and joined with them the President 
of the Board as Chairman, to examine the Library and make to 
the Board a report of its condition, as required by the ordinance. 
That Committee consisted of the following persons: 

Mr. Jeffrey R. Brackett. Mrs. James Fay. 

Mr. George W. Chadwick. Mr. James A. Gallivan, 

Mr. Pio DeLuca. Mrs. Thomas F. Harrington. 

Mrs. Wirt Dexter. Mrs. George A. Hibbard. 

Mr. George C. Dickson. Mr. Samuel H. Hudson. 

Mr. Nathan Haskell Dole. Mr. Stanton H. King. 

Mr. Thomas M. Donnelly. Mr. Henry Lefavour. 


Mrs. Alice M. MacDonald. Mr. George H. Sargent. 

Mr. Francis P. Malgeri. Rev. Samuel Snelling. 

Mrs. T. E. Masterson. Mr. Alexander Steinert. 

Mr. Oliver W. Mink. Rev. James A. Supple, D.D. 

Miss Alice F. Murray. Mr. Raymond Titus. 

Mr. George P. Sanger. Mr. Charles H. Tyler. 
Mr. George N. Whipple. 

The growing public interest in the Library is indicated by the 
fact that this year, for the first time, every person invited by the 
Trustees to serve on the Examining Committee accepted and 
served. The City is under obligations to these persons who have 
taken time from their other engagements to give attention to the 
performance of the duties of this important committee. The 
report of the Committee is hereto annexed and included as part 
of this report. 


The Trustees have held regular meetings each week during 
the year except during the summer months, for the transaction of 
the business of the Department, which is constantly increasing in 
amount and in the detail required for its proper administration. 

They feel that the Library service has been well administered 
during the year, and that this is due to the industry, intelligence, 
and loyalty with which the employees of the Library have per- 
formed their respective duties. The Trustees are glad to be able 
to bear testimony to the substantially uniform excellence of their 

JosiAH H. Benton. 

Thomas F. Boyle. 

William F. Kenney. 

Samuel Carr. 

Alexander Mann. 




Central Library and Branches: 
To expenditures for salaries — 
General administration 
Sunday and evening force 

To expenditures for books — 
From City appropriation . 
Trust funds income 
Carnegie gift, Galatea collection 
Sullivan gift 

To *general expenditures — 

Newspapers, from Todd fund income 


Furniture and fixtures 


Electric lighting 


Small supplies 






Freights and cartage 

Transportation between Central and 

Telephone .... 

Postage and telegrams 

Typewriting .... 

Travelling expenses (including street 

brary service) 

Lecture account (lantern slides and operator) 
Miscellaneous expense .... 


car tares 

Printing Department: 

To expenditures for salaries 
To general expenditures — 



Electric light and power 

Contract work 


Freights and cartage 




Small supplies, ice, repairs, furniture and fixtures 

Carried forward 

































By City Appropriation, 1909-10 . 
Income from Trust funds 
Interest credited on bank deposits 
Pa)rment received for books lost . 
Income from Center fund real estate 
Carnegie gift for Galatea collection 
Interest credited on Sullivem gift . 

By Balances brought forward February 1, 1909: 
Trust fund income on deposit in London 
Accrued interest on bank deposits 
Accrued income, Center fund real estate 
Trust fund income balance, City Treasury 
Carnegie gift for Galatea collection . 







Carried lorreard 





Brought forrvard 
Binding Department: 

To expenditures for salaries 
To general expenditures — 

Slock .... 

Electric light and power . 

Contract work 

Rent .... 

Freights and cartage 


Gas .... 


Small supplies, ice, repairs 


From fines ....... 

Sales of catalogues, bulletins, eind lists . 

Commissions for use of telephone 

Sales of waste paper and other waste material 

Money found in the Library 

Accrued income Center fund real estate, to be funded 

To Balances, January 31, 1910: 

Trust funds income on deposit in London 
City appropriation on deposit in London 
Accrued interest on bank deposits 
Trust fund income balance, City Treasury 
Carnegie gift for Galatea collection 
Sullivan gift, income .... 





























Brought forward .... 

Bj> Receipts: 

From fines ....... 

Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists . 
Commissions for use of telephone 
Sales of waste paper and other waste material 
Money foimd in the Library 











To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston: 

The Committee appointed by you in accordance with the City 
Ordinance to examine the condition of the Pubhc Library met 
for the purpose of organization on November 29, 1909, with 
Mr. Josiah H. Benton, the representative of the Board of 
Trustees, as Chairman ex officio. Miss Delia J. Deery of the 
library staff was appointed Secretary, and the work of investiga- 
tion and report was distributed among the following sub-commit- 
tees : 


Mr. Raymond Titus, Chairman. 
Mr. Samuel H. Hudson. Mr. Pio DeLuca. 

Miss Alice F. Murray. 


Mr. Nathan Haskell Dole, Chairman. 
Mr. Francis P. Malgeri. Mrs. George A. Hibbard. 

Mr. Thomas H. Donnelly. 


Mr. Henry Lefavour, Chairman. 
Mr. George C. Dickson. Mrs. James Fay. 

Rev. James A. Supple. 


Rev. Samuel Snelling, Chairman. 
Mrs. T. E. Masterson. Mrs. Thomas F. Harrington. 

Mr. George N. Whipple. 



Mr. Charles H. Tyler, Chairman. 
Mr. Alexander Steinert. Mr. Oliver W. Mink. 

Mr. James A. Gallivan. 


Mr. George P. Sanger, Chairman. 
Mr. Stanton H. King. Mrs. Alice M. Macdonald. 


Mr. George W, Chadwick, Chairman. 
Mrs. Wirt Dexter. Mr. Jeffrey R. Brackett. 

Mr. George H. Sargent. 


Mr. Nathan Haskell Dole, Chairman. 
Mr. Raymond Titus. Mr. Samuel Snelling. 

Mr. George P. Sanger. Mr. Henry Lefavour. 

Mr. Charles H. Tyler. Mr. George W. Chadwick. 

These sub-committees have held a number of meetings and 
the general committee has held two meetings for the considera- 
tion of the conclusions of the sub-committees, and has now the 
honor of submitting the following report: 

In general, the Committee has found the property of the Li- 
brary to be well cared for, the officers and employees loyal to 
their duties, cind the general plan of administering the various 
interests of the institution well adapted to its purpose. 

With reference to the financial needs of the Library, the 
Committee would point again to the conclusions which were 
reached in the report of last year concerning the constantly in- 
creasing demands made upon the resources of the Library for 
educational purposes, and reinforce the opinion then expressed 
as to the reasonable expectations of the community that the bur- 
dens resting upon the Library shall be cheerfully met by the 
city authorities, so that the scope of its usefulness may be ex- 
tended and enlarged. The Committee is gratified by the fact 


that the suggestions of the Trustees for an increase in the appro- 
priation on the part of the City were so generously met at a time 
when, through the demands made upon the City's exchequer in 
so many directions, the necessity existed for the exercise of the 
most discriminating care in this and in other particulars. 

The Committee has given further consideration to the inquiry 
instituted by the Committee of last year as to the wisdom of es- 
tablishing a fund from which contributions can be made for the 
benefit of those connected with the Library when they become 
aged or incapacitated, but the obligations which rest upon the 
City, and are now the subject of such careful scrutiny, lead the 
Committee to defer for the moment the making of any further 
recommendations on that subject. 

While more books have been purchased than in the preceding 
year, the demand for new and timely books is far from being 
satisfied. It is, of course, the duty of the Library to purchase 
as many books of permanent value as it is possible to buy, not 
only because the great collection must include all that it may 
reasonably be expected to contain in order to answer the needs 
of scholars, but also because certain Trust funds held by the 
Library have been given for that purpose, still it is more imme- 
diately the duty of the Library, which is mainly supported by 
money raised by taxation, to meet the needs of the citizens in 
the most convenient manner. To this end, books of present 
interest should be as generously purchased as possible, and 
placed not only in the Central Library but also in the branches, 
where they may be accessible. We find that, after meeting the 
necessary administrative expenses of the Library and providing 
for periodicals, only six per cent of the city appropriation for 
1909—10 remained available for books, and of these books only 
one-half were placed in the branches. In order that the interest 
of the people may be aroused, it is not sufficient to have a copy 
of any book at the Central Library with merely the title regis- 
tered at the branches, especially as the chance of obtaining the 
book when sent for is very small, but the people need to see the 
books themselves. The display of the new books in Bates Hall 
and the larger branches shows the usefulness of this principle. 


This may mean that a dozen copies of every such desirable book 
must be purchased, even though their period of usefulness may 
not extend over many years. It is only in this way, however, 
that the Library will serve its most useful educational purpose. 
Popular books rapidly deteriorate and should be repaired and 
rebound at the earliest moment, preference being given at the 
bindery to such books. There is a lack of books and newspapers 
in foreign languages at those reading rooms which are situated 
in the districts in which live the larger number of people who do 
not read English, and whose lives it is highly desirable should be 
helped by making accessible books that they can read. 

TTie Committee believes that the selection of books for pur- 
chase might be made more systematic, that the different fields of 
literature might be more evenly balanced, and the desirableness 
of certain books for popular educational purposes be more care- 
fully scrutinized. TTiis is especially applicable in the case of 
the small collections in the reading rooms. 

The work of the binding and printing departments merits high 
commendation. The temporary employment of a larger force 
to bring the work forward to immediate needs would be a wise 
expenditure, if the appropriation permits. 

The relation of the library system to the schools is very close. 
It is, indeed, an important part of the educational system of the 
City, and the best thought of many of the staff is devoted to 
making the libraries supplement the work of the class-room. 
The circulation of pictures is of great service, and much skill has 
been shown by branch custodians in increasing the collection at 
insignificant expense. An inquiry has been directed to the school 
authorities as to increasing the serviceableness of the library 
system, and it is understood that a committee of teachers has been 
appointed to consider the question. 

While the Library Department aims to be of the highest use- 
fulness, it is questionable if it should be called upon to furnish 
study rooms for children in the districts where the conditions of 
the homes are such as not to permit children to prepare their les- 
sons in quiet and comfort. The Library should not lessen this 
privilege until better provision is made elsewhere, but the Com- 


mittee believes that the City may well ask that some rooms of 
the school houses in these districts be made available after school 
hours in the afternoons and in the early evenings for study pur- 
poses. The expense would be small, it would mean a larger 
utilization of city property which at those hours is now idle, and 
it would relieve the congestion at some of the library stations and 
give better opportunities for adult readers. 

The work of the ordering and cataloguing departments is well 
done, and the extent of cross references and abstracting of com- 
plete titles of books seems to be wisely limited. The Committee 
is inclined to question only the time required for placing a book 
in circulation. It is not in a position to criticize the efficiency of 
the system, but would suggest that if the time now taken could be 
diminished, it would be a great satisfaction to the public, which 
is apt to be impatient at the long interval between the publication 
of a book and its availability in the circulation department. 

The Committee observes with approval the revival of weekly 
accession lists. It suggests a new edition of the catalogues of 
standard fiction, and that this should contain likewise the books 
in Yiddish. The problem of keeping the catalogue cards clean 
is still unsolved. The Committee recommends a determined 
search for some celluloiding process, or a varnish or shellac, to 
be used in covering such cards as are most likely to become 
soiled. A prize might be offered to technical schools or labora- 
tories for the discovery of such a substance. 

Some of the rooms leased by the City for reading rooms are 
very unfit and inadequate. In particular, the reading room on 
Broadway Extension is too small, is badly lighted, very noisy 
and not well heated, and yet it is the most frequented of the small 
stations. Criticisms of this station have been made for several 
years, and it is the duty of the City to remedy the difficulty. If 
it is impossible to rent a suitable room in the district, even at a 
much larger rental, a building should be purchased. Tlie con- 
gested population in this section of Wards 7 and 9 needs far 
better treatment. The station on North Street is also in need of 
improvement. As the present room must soon be vacated, it is 
hoped that its successor will be more satisfactory. 


Although Boston has the most beautiful municipal central 
library building anywhere in use, its branch buildings are far 
from being commendable. Though some of them are commo- 
dious, and some are sufficiently well adapted to the needs of their 
patrons, there is not a single building that would for a moment 
compare with the numerous branch buildings of the smaller cities 
of Cleveland, Cincinnati, or Pittsburgh. If all the buildings that 
we now have were serving their purpose satisfactorily, it would 
not be pertinent to criticize the City because of lack of finer 
buildings. But in several instances the branches are entirely 
inadequate, uninviting, and insufficiently protected from fire. 
In some cases, they are situated in buildings owned by the City, 
but constructed for other purposes, and in these the branches 
have been placed, simply because the buildings offered some un- 
used space. The burning of the municipal building in Jamaica 
Plain is to lead to the construction of a small but adequate inde- 
pendent branch library building. Without waiting for a fire, the 
City should provide other such buildings in the districts where the 
need is greatest. It would be a wise expenditure of money if 
each year for the next five or ten years the City should appro- 
priate from taxes or loans the sum of sixty thousand dollars and 
build therewith a modern attractive building of which the people 
in the district in which it is built would be proud. In the opinion 
of the Committee, the need for such branch buildings is greatest 
in East Boston, where a large work is being carried on in entirely 
inadequate rooms ; in Charlestown, where a new and more acces- 
sible location with an inviting building should replace the incon- 
venience of the old municipal building; and in the North End, 
where a large population of children is inadequately supplied 
by the present reading rooms. 

In conclusion, the Committee desires to emphasize the service 
of the Library as a popular educational institution. It is a source 
of satisfaction to have a large and valuable collection of books to 
which scholars may resort, but it is far more necessary in a city 
like this to have the resources of the Library made accessible to 
the multitude, many of whom cannot afford the necessary car 
fares to go to and from the central building. More than that, 
the people need to learn that the Library is not merely a collec- 


tion of books, but includes trained servants of the people, whose 
aim is to make available to them the treasures of knowledge 
which are in these books, and who are at their disposal for direct- 
ing their study, and for aiding them in obtaining information in 
any form whatever, so that the people in any district may look to 
the nearest representative of the Library for any of these pur- 
poses. The machinery of the whole library system should be 
first applied to meeting these needs of the people, where the peo- 
ple are. It will then be, as it is indeed the desire of the Trustees 
that it should be, — a people's library, as necessary to them as 
their schools and worthy of as generous support. 

The foregoing was adopted as the report of the whole Com- 
mittee at a meeting held January 21, 1910. 

Della Jean Deery, 



To the Board of Trustees: 

I respectfully submit my report for the year ending January 
31. 1910. 


During the year many new bookcases and shelves have been 
placed in the branch buildings and also in the special library gal- 
leries at the central building. The entire work of construction 
was performed by the direct employment of the necessary work- 
men, under the supervision of the library carpenter, and the 
material was prepared in our own shop. Under the supervision 
of our painter, whose labor was reinforced by others temporarily 
employed, the rooms occupied at the central library building by 
the Ordering, Catalogue and Branch Departments were com- 
pletely renovated, and also the Newspaper Room, the Sargent 
hall, and the stacks. Minor repairs, as usual, have been made 
at the central building in order to keep the structure and ma- 
chinery in good condition. The boilers, motors, elevators, and 
other appliances are in perfect order. During the year it has 
been found possible to obtain the entire service needed for the 
building by the use of two boilers only, leaving the third free for 
emergencies. The boilers and the elevators are regularly sub- 
jected to expert inspection. 

The terrazo floor in the corridor leading from the entrance 
hall to the Newspaper and Periodical Rooms at the central 
building, which had become much worn, has been replaced by 
marble tiling. The entire basement, except the quarters occu- 
pied by the carpenter, has been cleaned and whitened. 


Extensive repairs have been made upon the roof at the 
Brighton Branch, and the Hghting has been improved by changes 
in the gas piping and fixtures. At the Dorchester Branch, since 
the extension of the building by the PubHc Buildings Depart- 
ment, an office has been built for the Custodian. Repairs have 
been made upon the roof at the South End Branch. At the 
West End Branch a new wrought-iron fence, upon a brick and 
stone base, has been substituted for the old broken cast-iron 
fencing. At the Roslindale Reading Room the interior has 
been repainted. Our landlords at the following reading rooms 
have made the repairs specified: Mattapan, new heating appa- 
ratus and granolithic sidewalk; Neponset, electric wiring and 
fixtures (partly at our expense) ; Roxbury Crossing, gas fixtures 
and radiators re-bronzed; Boylston Station, repainted; City 
Point, repainted, and the wall of the adjacent building whitened, 
improving the light; Mt. Bowdoin and Warren Street, various 
minor repairs. 

Signs calling attention to certain branches not centrally located 
have been placed on the principal thoroughfares in the vicinity, 
each with an arrow pointing towards the street upon which 
the branch is located. The stations thus pointed out are the 
Brighton, Dorchester, Roxbury, South End and Upham's Cor- 
ner Branches, and the Parker Hill Reading Room. 


The number of volumes borrowed for use outside the library 
buildings is recorded statistically, and is shown for the year 
under consideration in the table on page 42. It is necessary to 
repeat the statement made in previous reports, that these figures 
furnish an inadequate measure of the use of the Library, and 
that they are not to be compared with those which relate to cir- 
culation in other libraries, unless it is clear that in every case the 
record is kept in the same way. They are chiefly of value in 
comparison with our own similar figures in other years. The cir- 
culation is affected by various influences, some of which cannot 
be easily traced. For example, the constant increase in the ref- 


erence use of books within the reading rooms, promoted by closer 
cooperation with the pubHc and parochial schools and other 
institutions of learning, reduces, to a certain extent, the number 
of volumes taken out for home use. Periods of fine weather, 
offering opportunities for out-of-door recreation, diminish the use 
of books for home reading. Whenever business is active and 
full employment becomes general, less attention is given to 
books, and the library circulation declines. These influences, 
and others which are purely local and perhaps transitory, such 
as changes in the character of the population of a particular dis- 
trict, the removal of a library station from one location to another, 
diminution in the supply of new books on account of a reduced 
appropriation, — affect the recorded circulation, and should be 
taken into account in drawing inferences from comparisons based 
upon the figures, even between two successive years. A slight 
decline appears in the circulation during the present year as com- 
pared with that in 1 908-09. An increase appeared in 1 908—09 
as compared with 1 907—08, and it is probable that the loss now 
shown will be more than made up in the coming year. The re- 
duced appropriation in 1 908 restricted purchases of books in that 
year, and this has been felt in the reduced circulation of the year 
just ended. Some of the other influences which have been men- 
tioned have also been felt. 




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The figures reported by months by Mr. Frank C. Blaisdell, 
Chief of the Issue Department, are presented in detail in the 
following table: 









February, 1909 . . 30,032 































































January, 190' 











The following summary condenses the figures for the entire 
system : 

Boo1(s lent for Home Use, including Circulalion through Schools and Institutions. 

From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through the 

branches and reading-room stations) ....... 445,872 

From branches and reading-room stations (other than books received from 

Central) 1.201,974 

Total number of volumes lent for home use and through schools and 

institutions 1,647,846 

Comparative statements follow, showing the circulation of 
books for use outside the library buildings in each of two suc- 
ceeding years: 

Central Library circulation 

(excluding schools and Institutions) : 
Direct home use ..... 308,178 
Through branches and reading-room sta- 
tions for home use .... 83,957 







Carried forivard .... 392.135 372.938 

Brought forward .... 392,135 372.938 

Branch Department circulation 

(excluding schools and institutions) : 
Direct home use 

From branch collections . . . 774,058 740,691 

From reading-room stations . . . 388,834 383,765 

1.162.892 1.124.456 

Schools and institutions, circulation: 

(including books from Central through 

the branch system) .... 124,415 150,452 

Totals 1.679.442 1,647,846 

The net decline in circulation was 21 ,576 volumes, in a total 
of 1 ,647,846. More than one-third of this loss, namely, 7,475 
volumes, was found at the Jamaica Plain Branch, which, since 
the fire at Curtis Hall in December, 1 908, has been operated in 
restricted quarters with only part of its collection upon the shelves. 
Notwithstanding the net decline, a few of the branches and 
reading-room stations report an increase in their direct circulation. 
These are: Charlestown, Dorchester and South End Branches; 
Lower Mills, Roslindale, Warren Street, Orient Heights, City 
Point, Roxbury Crossing and North Street Reading Rooms. 
The increase at the last named two was slight. 

The percentages of fiction and non-fiction in the books circu- 
lated for home use were: Central Library (including books 
sent through the branch system, fiction, 52.3 per cent; non-fiction, 
47.7 per cent. Branches and reading-room stations, fiction, 69.8 
per cent; non-fiction, 30.2 per cent. Or, reduced to single per- 
centages for the entire library system, fiction, 65.3 ; non-fiction, 
34.7 per cent. The term "fiction" is somewhat ambiguous unless 
defined. It may include cheap and ephemeral novels without 
literary merit or interest, as well as books which have become 
classics. Of the volumes circulated by us, however, and in- 
cluded in these statistical statements, about one-half are carefully 
selected stories for young readers. The others comprise standard 
fiction for adults, including the best books among recent publica- 
tions in this department of literature, and the works of the well- 


known writers, — Scott, Dickens, Thackeray, and the other 
masters of English prose fiction. 

Books have been sent on deposit from the Central Library 
through the Branch Department to 137 different places, as com- 
pared with 1 25 in 1 908-09. The number of volumes sent was 
38,298 as compared with 33,256 in 1908-09, an increase of 
15 per cent. The proportion of fiction, in the books sent on 
deposit alone, is 48 per cent. Among the new places of deposit 
are the Boston High School of Commerce, the Newsboys' Club, 
and the State Prison in Charlestown. 


A statistical summary of the books acquired by purchase 
appears in the following statement, covering two successive years. 
It should be borne in mind that purchases were much below the 
normal number in 1908-09 on account of the reduced appro- 
priation in that year. 

Bool^s acquired fcy purchase. 

1908-09. 1909-1910. 

For the Central Library: 

From City appropriation .... 3,478 10,527 

From Trust Funds income . . 3,868 2,671 

7,346 13.198 

For branches and reading-room stations: 

From City appropriation .... 3,542 10,738 

From Trust Funds income . . 1,604 1,270 

By Fellowes Athenaeum (for the Rox- 
bury Branch) 640 1,086 

5.786 13,094 

13,132 26,292 

The details, showing whether the books added to the Library 
during the year covered by the present report have been obtained 
by purchase, gift or exchange, appear in the following statement : 


Accessions by purchase 13.023 11,558 24,581 

Accessions by gift 8.348 624 8.972 

Accessions by exchange 495 ^"5 


Accessions by Statistical Department 
Accessions of periodicals (bound) . 
Accessions of newspapers (bound) 
Accessions by Fellowes Athenaeum 










24.992 13,751 38,743 

The total number of accessions, 38,743 volumes, compares 
with 22,93 1 volumes acquired in 1 908-09. 


There have been purchased 1 ,236 copies of current prose fic- 
tion, comprising 115 different titles, and costing $1,170.51. 
The purchases of fiction to replace worn-out and discarded 
copies number 10,382 volumes, costing $7,786.50. The sum 
spent for new copies and replacements of fiction constitutes 25.3 
per cent of the entire amount expended for all books. The cur- 
rent fiction purchased, 1 1 5 different titles, represents a selection 
from 785 different works which were carefully read and con- 
sidered. It is perhaps well to repeat that, as stated in a previous 
report, our purchases of current fiction include a fair representa- 
tion of the best fiction, that which is likeliest to remain in constant 
request, but they are mainly confined to works of the highest 
merit as determined by a conservative method of selection. Our 
supply of standard fiction is large and is constantly replaced as 
the books are worn out. We are liberal in providing good fiction 
for the young. But, unless our funds are enlarged, we cannot 
much enlarge our purchases in this field without impairing the 
growth of the Library in other important directions. 


TTie annual report prepared by Miss Hieodosia E. Macurdy, 
Chief of the Ordering Department, contains details relating to 
the important accessions, from which the following are extracted : 


The following titles represent a selection from the important 
purchases of the year bought with the income from the Trust 


Ackermann, Rudolph. History of the University of Cambridge, its col- 
leges, halls, and public buildings. With numerous coloured plates, 
consisting of views of the exteriors and interiors of the various Colleges 
and Halls, including portraits of the founders, etc. London. 1815. 
2 V. 

Beilstein, Friedrich Conrad. Handbuch der organischen Chemie. 3d 
revised edition. Hamburg. 4 v. 

Bible. The English Bible, containing the Old Testament and the New, 
collated with the early editions, etc., by F. H. Scrivener for the Syn- 
dics of the Cambridge University Press. Hammersmith. Doves Press. 
1903-1905. 5 V. Folio, limp vellum. 

Bodleian Library. Irish manuscripts in the Bodleian Library. Vol. 1 . 
With an introduction and indexes by Kuno Meyer. Oxford. 1909. 

Brown, G. Baldwin. The Glasgow school of painters. With 54 repro- 
ductions in photogravure by J. Craig Annan. Glasgow. 1908. 

Boston Burying Grounds. (Records in manuscripts.) Twenty- four 
volumes of records, epitaphs and tombs, of Copp's Hill, Granary, 
King's Chapel, Central, Phipps Street, and North and South Dorches- 
ter burying grounds. 

— Seven collections of newspaper clippings relating to these burying 

— Twenty-seven plans of burying grounds. 

— Three manuscripts. 

Cladel, Judith. Auguste Rodin. L'oeuvre et I'homme. Preface par 

Camille Lemonnier. Bruxelles. 1908. 
Codices e Vaticanis selecti phototypice expressi. Le miniature della topo- 

grafia Cristiana. Codice Vaticano greco 699. Milano. 1 908. 

— Historiarum Romanarum libri 79-80 quae supersunt. Codex Vati- 
canus graecus 1288. Lipsiae. 1908. 

Durrieu, Paul. Le Boccace de Munich. Reproduction des 91 minia- 
tures du celebre manuscrit de la Bibliotheque Royale de Munich. 
Munich. 1909. 

Fevret de Saint-Memin, Charles Balthasar Julien. The St. Memin col- 
lection of portraits, consisting of seven hundred and sixty medallion 
portraits, principally of distinguished Americans, photographed by J. 
Gurney & Son, of New York, from proof impressions of the original 
copper plates . . . Prefixed a memoir of M. de St. Memin. New 
York. 1862. 

Hsiang Yuan-P'ien. Chinese porcelain. Sixteenth-century coloured illus- 
trations with Chinese MS. text. Translated and annotated by Stephen 
W. Bushell. Oxford. 1908. 

Hodder, James. Hodder's Arifhmetick : or, that necessary art made most 
easy. Boston: Printed by J. Franklin, for S. Phillips. 1719. 

Howgill, Francis. The Heart of New England Hardned through 


Wickednes: in Answer to a Book Entituled the Heart of New-Eng- 
land Rent, Published by John Norton, appointed thereunto by the 
General Court . . . London. Thomas Simmons. 1 659. 

Jacobs Kampff- und-Ritter-Platz, allwo der nach seinem Ursprung sich 
sehnende Geist der in Sophiam verliebten Seele mit Gott um den neuen 
Gerungen und der Sieg davon getragen. Philadelphia. Gedruckt bey 
B. F. [Benjamin Franklinl. 1736. [Ephrata Hymn-book.] 

Leinsula, Franciscus. The Kingdom's divisions anatomized, together 
with a vindication of the armies proceedings. London. 1 649. 

Milton, John. Poetical works of John Milton. With life of the author 
by William Hayley. Boydell edition. Illustrated with three por- 
traits of Milton, and 29 stipple engravings by Schiavonetti, Ogborne, 
Earlom, and other famous engravers. London. 1 794—97. 3 v. 

Patent (A) for Plymouth in New-England. To which is annexed 
extracts from the records of that colony. Boston. New-England. 
Printed by John Draper. I 75 1 . 


Tlie following list includes tlie more notable books and collec- 
tions of books received by gift : 

Benton, Josiah H. Twenty-eight copies of the portrait of Abraham Lin- 
coln, enlarged from a photograph by Brady, framed in dark oak, 
32x38, for the branches and reading rooms, and one framed and two 
un framed for the Central Library; also one hundred and thirty- four 

Bierstadt, Oscar A. One hundred and seventy-six historic and artistic 
bookbindings, dating from the 15 th century to the present time, from 
the originals in the library of Robert Hoe. Vol. 1 and 2. 

— A catalogue of books printed in foreign languages before the year 
1 600, comprising a portion of the library of Robert Hoe. Vol. 1 and 
2. Limited editions. 

Bixby, W. K., St. Louis. Inventory of the contents of Mount Vernon. 
1810. With a prefatory note by Worthington Chauncey Ford. 
Limited edition. 

Black, Mrs. Emma L., New York City. A portrait in oil, life size, of 
Dr. Jerome van Crowninshield Smith, Mayor of Boston. 1854. 

Brown, Allen A. Two hundred and ninety-six volumes of music for the 
Brown Collection. Also his Dramatic Collection, consisting of 3,500 

Bullard, Francis. Seven hundred and sixty-five volumes of miscellaneous 
works and eighteen hundred and twenty-five numbers of periodicals. 
From the periodicals forty volumes of Littell's Living Age were made 
up for the library files. (Two gifts.) 


Case, Mrs. James B. One hundred and twenty-six volumes, chiefly re- 
ports, and eighteen numbers of periodicals. 

The Catholics of Boston, Bronze bust of Archbishop J. J. WiUiams, 
by Samuel J. Kitson. Also the pedestal. 

Fay, Eugene F. One hundred and forty-six pamphlets, chiefly old al- 
manacks, and a number of theatre programs. 

Geist, Friederika L., widow of Christian E. Geist, M.D. Bronze bust 
of Samuel Christian Friedrich Hahnemann, M.D. 

Germany, Kaiserliches Patentamt. Patentschriften, 1 1 ,468 numbers. 

Green, Dr. S. A. Five engravings from the Columbian and Massachu- 
setts Magazines, 1 787-9 1 , two of which were lacking in the library 
set of the Columbian Magazine. 

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. Twenty-four volumes for the Galatea 

Marrs, Mrs. Kingsmill, Saxonville, Mass. Two hundred and sixty-six 
photographs of paintings in Italian galleries. For the Graupner Collec- 

Minns, Miss Susan. Eighty-three volumes, including "Frauen Zeitung," 
1878-1908. "Ober Land und Meer." 2 v. "La Mode Illustree," 
1 887. Twelve folios of facsimiles of English, French and Italian 
bindings of various styles, and thirty-eight volumes, chiefly modern novels 
in French, German, Spanish and Italian. 

Morgan, J. Pierpont, New York City. Collections Georges Hoentschel, 
acquises par M. J. Pierpont Morgan, pretees au Metropolitan Museum 
de New York. Tome 1-4. 

New England Society in the City of New York. Bronze medal com- 
memorative of the one hundredth anniversary of the founding of the 

Parker, Charles Henry, Children of. Marble bust of James Fenimore 
Cooper, by Horatio Greenough. 

Parloa, Miss Maria, Estate of. One hundred and fifty-three volumes, 
books relating to cookery ; also $ 1 00 to bind such books in the collec- 
tion as need rebinding. (The sum not paid over.) 

Perkins, Mrs. Charles F., Jamaica Plain. Two hundred and thirty-one 
volumes of music, including manuscript and a collection of unbound 
sheet music. 

Pickering, Mrs. Henry. One hundred and five mounted photographs, 
miscellaneous collection. 

Rowe, Dr. George H. M. Three hundred and twenty books and pam- 
phlets, miscellaneous collection. 

Thayer, Mrs. Bayard, Lancaster. Four hundred and sixty-three photo- 
graphs of the architecture of Germany, issued by the German govern- 
ment, and fifteen operas in score. 







15,784 11,332 


11,822 10,534 
21,892 11,423 








Walters, Henry, Baltimore, Md. Incunabula typographica. A de- 
scriptive catalogue of the books printed in the 15 th century, 1460— 
1500, in the library of Henry Walters. 


In this Department, during the year, 55,308 volumes and parts 
of volumes have been catalogued, covering 32,133 different 
titles. Mr. S. A. Chevalier, Chief of this Department, in his 
annual report presents figures which permit the following com- 
parative statement to be made: 

Catalogued (new) : 

Central Library Catalogue 

Serials .... 

Branches .... 
Re-catalogued .... 

Totals . . . . . 56,426 33,289 55.308 32,133 

There were 160,560 cards added to the catalogues during 
the year; of these 153,688 were added to the central library 
catalogues, and 6,872 to the catalogues at the Branches. The 
use of typewritten entries made in the department in connection 
with new editions purchased, or gifts received, or transfers made 
from the Branches, of works previously represented in the cen- 
tral catalogues, has effected a saving in the number of printed 

The soiled condition of cards in the public catalogue drawers 
has required the reprinting of several thousand cards; and many 
clean new labels have been introduced. The public fiction cata- 
logue has been entirely re-arranged and supplied with new labels 
on the outside of the drawers. A finding list of the books be- 
queathed to the Library by Mrs. Louise Chandler Moulton has 
been made and published, and the copy for the printed catalogue 
of the John Adams Library, now placed within this Library, 
3,019 volumes, is completed. The larger part of the books 
received by gift from the bequest of Abram E. Cutter, and not 


previously in the Library, have been catalogued. The printed 
catalogue of the Allen A. Brown Music Library has been car- 
ried through Part IV, completing the first volume; Part V is 
wholly in type and Part VI is well advanced. The catalogue 
of the Statistical Department, containing 104 drawers of cards 
formerly in two alphabets, has been consolidated, re-arranged 
and re-labelled. 


The following condensed statement is derived from the statis- 
tical tables prepared by Mr. W. G. T. Roffe, in charge of the 
Shelf Department: 

Placed on the central library shelves during the year: vols. 

General collection, new books (including continuations) .... 16,870 

Special collections, new books ........ 2,680 

Books reported lost, or missing in previous years but now found, transfers 

from branches, etc. .......... 495 

Removed from the central library shelves during the year: 

Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced, trans- 
fers, etc 4,021 

Net gain at Central Library ......... 16,024 

Net gain at branches and reading-room stations ...... 4,474 

Net gain, entire library system ......... 20,498 

The total number of volumes available for public use in the 
Library at the end of each year since the formation of the Library 
is shown in the following statement : 

1852-53 . 


















































. 312,010 

1893 . 




1894 . 



. 360,963 

1895 . 


























1885 . 




1886 . 




1887 . 




1888 . 




1889 . 




1890 . 


1907-08 . 


1891 . 




1892 . 





These volumes are located as 

follows : 

Central Library , . . 752,182 

RosIIndale (Station B) . 


Brighton .... 17,633 

Mattapan (Station D) 


Charlestown .... 21,585 

Neponsel (Station E) 


Dorchester .... 18,946 

Mt. Bowdoin (Station F) 

. 2.891 

East Boston .... 15,558 

Allston (Station G) 


Jamaica Plain ... 1 5,743 

Codman Square (Station J^ 

> . 3.456 

Roxbury Branch: 

Mt. Pleasant (Station N) 


Fellowes Athenaeum 26.751 

Broadway Ext. (Station P) 

. 2,782 

Owned by City 9.241 

Warren Street (Station R) 


Total, Roxbury Branch . 35,992 

Roxbury Crossing (Station 

S) 896 

South Boston .... 16,766 

Boylston Station (Station T" 


South End ... . 15,638 

North Bennet St. (Station W) 544 

Upham's Corner . . . 4,777 

Orient Heights (Station Z) 


West End .... 14,781 

North Street (Station 22) 


West Roxbury . . . 7,397 

City Point (Station 23) . 


Lower Mills 





Parker Hill 

(Station 24) 



Under the editorial supervision of Mr. Lindsay Swift, the 
following serial publications have been issued from the library 
press : 

1 . Quarterly Bulletin, four issues, March 3 1 , June 30, September 30, 

and December 3 1 ; aggregate pages, 320 ; edition, 3,000 copies. 

2. Weekly Book List, each week; aggregate pages, 318; edition, 2,500 


Hie usual announcements of the free public lectures, pro- 
grammes of exhibitions, the Lowell Institute courses, and the 


Harvard-Lowell Collegiate courses have appeared in the Quar- 
terly Bulletins. A list of the titles of the books comprising the 
bequest to the Library from Louise Chandler Moulton appeared 
in the Quarterly Bulletin for September 30, and an edition of 
500 copies was published separately. 


The Printing Department has performed the usual miscel- 
laneous printing required in the administration of the Library, 
including the catalogue cards, call slips, stationery, blank forms; 
etc., and has also printed the bulletins, weekly lists, and the num- 
bers of the Allen A. Brown Music Catalogue which have been 
issued during the year. Mr. Francis Watts Lee, Chief, has com- 
piled the following table showing the miscellaneous work of the 
Department, in two successive years: 

1908-09. 1909-10. 

Requisitions on hand, February 1 ..... . 13 3 

Requisitions received during year ...... 207 241 

Requisitions on hand, January 31 ..... . 3 17 

Requisitions filled during year . . . . . . 217 224 

Card Catalogue (Central) : 

Titles (Printing Dept. count) 17,190 15,468 

Cards finished (excluding extras) ..... 1 37,686 1 53,688 

Titles in type, but not printed ...... 240 380 

Guide cards printed 3,600 800 

Card Catalogue (Branches): 

Titles (Printing Dept. count) 424 264 

Cards (approximately) 33,920 19,800 

Pamphlets not counted by the Editor 63,650 

Call slips 1,334,000 1,865,000 

Stationery and blank forms 555,828 659,937 

Signs 651 768 

Blank books 56 58 


Mr. Frank Ryder, Chief of the Bindery, reports the following 
for the year : 

Number of volumes bound, various styles ....... 34,144 

Volumes repaired i oxo 

Volimies guarded .......•••• 1, 34V 


Maps mounted 344 

Photographs and engravings mounted ........ 3,514 

Magazines stitched ........... 233 

Library pubHcalions folded, stitched and trimmed 201,883 

The miscellaneous work performed, not included in this state- 
ment, includes the manufacture of periodical covers, the making 
of paper boxes, the mounting of cards, the blocking of memo- 
randum paper, etc. The bindery benches have been re-arranged 
during the year and other changes made in order to accommodate 
a temporary force upon the special binding and repair of books 
other than those included in our current binding. Of this class 
3,056 volumes have been completed. The entire plant is now 
in excellent condition, and is equipped so as to execute each year 
a large amount of work. 


From the Stock Department at the Central Library, in charge 
of Mr. George V. Mooney, 168,286 copies of library publica- 
tions have been distributed for public use during the year. Be- 
sides these, 1 ,942,000 call slips have been required in the various 
departments, and 371,308 miscellaneous forms. 


From the annual report of Mr. John J. Keenan, Chief of the 
Registration Department, it appears that the number of cards in 
the hands of borrowers, entitling them to take books from the 
Library for home use, was 86,1 04, on January 31, 1910. The 
increase for the year in the number of such cards was 632. The 
department issued during the year 44,81 cards to replace others 
which had been lost by the holders, or which had become soiled 
or filled with entries, or which had been rendered invalid on 
account of the holder's change of residence. 

The number of available cards held by men and boys is 
27,941, and by women and girls, 58,163. Of the whole num- 
ber, 68,804 are held by persons over 16 years old, and 21,300 
by persons under 16. The teachers' cards number 4,782; 


pupils' cards, held by pupils in the public and parochial schools, 
number 22,092; and those held by students in higher institutions 
of learning number 19,814. 

children's department. 

The number of volumes lent for use at home to borrowers 
directly applying in the Children's Room at the Central Library 
increased during the year to 58,949, as compared with 57,551 
reported in 1908—09. There were also 16,705 volumes sent to 
borrowers through the Branch Department. This recorded use 
of the Children's Department at the Central Library is, however, 
but a partial indication of the work of the year. Pupils from the 
schools frequent the rooms whenever the schools are not in ses- 
sion, and there is noted a considerable use of the reading-room 
opportunities during the forenoon by young men and boys who 
are engaged in remunerative employment during the afternoon 
or in the evening. An enlargement of the reserve collection is 
thus referred to by the Custodian, Miss Alice M. Jordan, in her 
annual report: 

During the last year there has been formed in the Reference Room a 
group of some of the best books for children, in attractive editions, for 
reading-room use only. In the past we have frequently been unable to 
supply to a child who wished to read in the Library, books like Kipling's 
"Jungle Book" or Dodge's "Hans Brinker," because all the copies were 
issued to borrowers. Now this defect has been overcome and the best 
books, which are often popular also, are always at hand for hall use. 
Even in the short time since these books have been so placed many children 
have had great satisfaction in using them. We hope the collection will 
prove of value to older people, who wish to examine good editions of such 

Copies of certain books especially reserved for the use of 
teachers and students who are taking the Harvard-Lowell Col- 
legiate courses have been placed upon the shelves of the refer- 
ence room in this department and have been largely used. In 
general, the department has received a larger supply of new 
books than in previous years, comprising, principally, duplicates 


of standard works which are in constant demand. As to the 
work of the department with the schools the Custodian remarks : 

Visits have been made by the Custodian to the schools whenever oppor- 
tunity offered and classes received at the Library whenever they would 
come. In 1909 about 900 pupils received the lessons on the use of the 
Library, There have been four satisfactory meetings with the Parents' 
Associations connected with schools in different parts of the City. At 
these meetings a talk has been given on the value of good books and the 
aid to be expected from the Library, information which is always received 
with appreciation. 

The experience of several years has demonstrated the value 
of the kind of service rendered by this department of the Library, 
through the direct contact with the pupils and their teachers by 
means of the visits of classes referred to above. The schools 
which have accepted this service have generally continued it. 
The Library will at any time make arrangements with others 
who have not yet sent classes here. 

Two brief finding lists which have been prepared in the Chil- 
dren's Department have been found very useful. These are: 
"A Brief List of Books for Home Reading for Boys and Girls," 
issued late in 1908, in cooperation with the Boston Home and 
School Association, and "Helps in the Public Library to the 
Study of the History of Boston in the Public Schools." Copies 
of the last named list were distributed through the schools, and 
both lists have been in constant demand at the Library. 


The reference use of the open-shelf collection in Bates Hall 
continues to increase, and a large number of volumes are also 
issued daily from the stacks to readers in the hall. Of the 
character of this use of books within the Library, Mr. Oscar A. 
Bierstadt, the Chief of the Reference Department remarks: 

No other room can accommodate so many visitors, and yet in busy 
seasons its capacity is sometimes taxed to the utmost. These readers do 
not come here to read the news of the day, or to look through the latest 
magazines, and comparatively few call for fiction, but they are mostly 


inspired by a desire for serious study, with a thirst for learning. The 
books used by them are generally of a high order, and the industrious 
manner in which they take notes indicates a laudable effort to store up 
knowledge for the future. The total number of volumes consulted would 
be found very large, if an accurate account were kept of all the works taken 
from the open shelves and of those called from the stacks. No attempt 
is made to keep any such statistics. The maximum attendance of 298 
readers at one time in Bates Hall was attained on the afternoon of May 9, 
1909, and the attendance dropped to 84 on the afternoon of July 3, 
1 909. During the year. Bates Hall readers have used 320,000 hall use 
call slips and 680,000 home use slips, making a total of 1 ,000,000. 

A further indication of the extent of the otherwise unrecorded 
use of books in this principal reading room of the library system 
appears in the following statement from the report of Mr. Pierce 
E. Buckley, in charge of the Centre Desk : 

On January 1 5 a record of hall use slips was kept. There were 1 ,052 
slips presented at the desks in Bates Hall. Of this number there were 
195 unsuccessful applications, and 1,053 books were sent up on 857 
slips. There were 157 books charged on readers' cards. If bad weather 
had not prevented, the attendance and the number of books asked for 
would have been much larger. 

For the past two months the assistants at the Centre Desk have made a 
special search for every unsuccessful application. It is quite a task, but 
many mistakes in the Indicator, Catalogue and Shelf Lists have been dis- 
covered. As soon as a mistake has been found it has been rectified. 


The following details are condensed from the report of Mr. 
Garrick M. Borden, Custodian, covering the work of the year: 

Photographs and Lantern Slides. 

There have been added to the collection: 472 photographs, 
442 half-tone reproductions; and a few lantern slides. The 
collection now contains 19,774 photographs, 8,626 half-tone 
and process pictures, 1,868 colored photographs, and 2,745 
lantern slides. The collection of slides is increased slowly, since 


they are bought only as needed in connection with our own lec- 
ture courses. 

The gift of 461 photographs, received from Mrs. Bayard 
Thayer, is an important accession. These comprise large size 
views of German architecture of all periods, including interiors 
and exteriors. They have been properly mounted and will be 
arranged alphabetically in portfolios. 

Circulation of Books and Pictures. 

There were issued for home use from the Fine Arts Collection 
(included in the statement of total circulation, page 42), di- 
rectly, 1 7,295 volumes ; and from the collection through other 
departments 5,878. Besides these books issued from the special 
Fine Arts collection, 1 1,41 7 books from the stacks were issued 
from the Fine Arts desk. 


The following statistics show the recorded use of this room : 

Barlon-Ticknor books issued 12,539 

Maps issued 1,077 

Books from other departments, issued for readers applying in this room . 10,739 

These figures indicate an increased use as compared with the 
preceding year. 


To the collection in this room, 529 volumes have been added 
during the year. Of these, 296 were presented by Mr. Brown. 
The important additions include : 

Early editions of chamber music by Handel, Corelli, Geminiani, Sam- 
martini, and Avison; Book I of the first edition of Purcell's Orpheus 
Britannicus; early English operas, namely, Bononcini's Camilla and 
Graber's Albion and Albanius. Of the full scores of orchestral works 
there are Loeffler's Pagan Poem, Mahler's Seventh Symphony, Grieg's 
incidental music to Peer Gynt, and Ravel's Rapsodie espagnole. The 


operatic full scores include: Franck's Hulda; Bruneau's L'attaque du 
moulin; and d' Albert's Tragaldabas. 


The statistics gleaned from the annual reports of the special 
libraries afford but slight indication of the importance of these 
collections. The use of the books, photographs, and other ma- 
terial contained in them, by individual students and by classes, 
increases every year and requires the careful attention of trained 
specalists in the staff. Many of the most important books are 
restricted to reading-room use within the library building, and 
the circulation of these volumes is not apparent in the recorded 
statistics which cover only books taken from the building. The 
photographs, which do not circulate out of the Library, are espe- 
cially valuable in class and exhibition work, and are in constant 
demand. The larger cabinet folios, and the more expensive 
volumes relating to the arts of architecture, painting, and decora- 
tion are extensively used, but the use is not recorded statistically. 
Students from the art schools or sent by private instructors are 
engaged in tracing, or are otherwise employed with drawing 
materials, using the books which the Fine Arts Department con- 
tains, without formality, tables being set apart for this purpose. 
The entire Allen A. Brown Collection is reserved for hall use, 
but, although not recorded statistically, this use is neither re- 
stricted nor unimportant. The tables in the Barton Gallery are 
reserved for persons engaged in authorship or in extended re- 
search, and this quiet reading room is largely used by readers 
whose books are not enumerated in the tables of circulation. 

Visits of Classes. 

The reservation of tables and the provision of library material 
in the Fine Arts Reading Room has been required for 58 visits 
of study clubs, attended by 877 members; and for 49 visits 
of classes from schools or colleges, attended by 492 students. 
There were also 59 classes under private direction, which were 
accommodated in the same way, including 316 persons. The 


conferences between the students who are taking the Harvard- 
Lowell Collegiate Courses and their instructors, for which pro- 
vision is made in the Fine Arts Reading Room, have required 
about 2,200 individual visits. 

Circulation of Pictures. 

The following table exhibits not only the number of folios of 
pictures issued during the year for use in the public and private 
schools, and by classes out of the library building, but shows the 
progressive increase in this branch of the service since 1 905 : 

Portfolios of Pictures Issued feij Years. 

Borrowers. 1909. 1908. 1907. 1906. 1905. 1904. 

Public schools 
Private schools 

Totals . . . 1,007 952 773 675 381 256 


The free public lectures given in the Lecture Hall, and the 
exhibitions given in the Fine Arts Exhibition Room, which, in 
many cases, have reference to the subjects of the lectures, are 
enumerated in the following lists : 


1909, February 4. Some Masters of the Graphic Arts. By Emil H. 

Richter. Under the auspices of the Museum of Fine Arts. 
February 1 0. Abraham Lincoln. By William H. Lewis. 
February 1 1 . Some Types of Roman Art. By Karl P. Harrington. 
February 18. A Visit to Samos and the Coast of Asia Minor. By 

Lacey D. Caskey. 
February 25, The Future of the City. By Walter H, Kilham. 
February 25, at 3 P.M. Greek Domestic Life, as illustrated by the 

Collections of the Museum of Fine Arts. By L, Earle Rowe. 
































March 4. Imagination and Literalism in Illustration. By Charles H. 
Caffin. Under the auspices of the Society of Printers. 

March 1 1 . Some of the Treasures of the Museum of Fine Arts. By 
Henry Warren Poor. 

March 15, 3 P.M. Homes and Haunts of Ruskin. By Wm. C. Minifie. 
Before the Ruskin Club. 

March 1 6. German Art. By Edmund Von Mach. 

March 1 8. Glimpses of Ireland's Bright Side. By Daniel J. Dwyer. 

March 25. The Madonna in Art. By H. H. Powers. 

May 6. The Paintings of SoroUa. By W. E. B. Starkweather. Re- 
peated May 1 0. 

May 1 4. On Trees. By John G. Jack. For the benefit of pupils from 
the public schools. 

October 21. The New Museum of Fine Arts. By Arthur Fairbanks. 

October 28. The Nature and Scope of Art. By F. Melbourne Greene. 

November 4. Types of Composition and Drawing. By M. Melbourne 

November 1 1 . Style (in art) . By F. Melbourne Greene. 

November 15. Rembrandt's Etchings. By F. Melbourne Greene. 

November 1 8. Books and Book Lovers. By Harry Lyman Koopman. 
Under the auspices of the Society of Printers. 

December 2. Portugal. By John C. Bowker. 

December 6. Hawaii. By Mary E. Haskell. Under the auspices of 
the Field and Forest Club. 

December 9. Picturesque Sicily. By Minna Eliot Tenney. 

December 30. Through North Africa, including the Buried Roman 
City of Timgad. By George B. Dexter. 

1910. January 6. Algiers, Tunis, Biskra. By George B. Dexter. 

January 10. Alaska. By Charles A. Stone. Under the auspices of 
the Field and Forest Club. 

January 13. A Summer in Norway. By Minna Eliot Tenney. Re- 
peated January 1 7. 

January 20. Spanish Cities and Spanish Artists. By Martha A. S. 
Shannon. Repeated January 24. 

January 27. Italy. By Henry J. Kilbourn. 

Exhibitions, Central Library. 

1909. February 1. Lincolniana. 

March 1 . The New Museum of Fine Arts. 

March 1 . German Art. In connection with the exhibition of German 

Art of the Copley Society. 
March 1 7. Ireland. 
March 22. Madonna in Art. 
March 22. Bibles. 


April 8. Photogravures of the work of Van Meer of Delft and Fabritius. 

May 3. Modern Spanish Painting. In connection with the exhibition 
of the works of Sorolla of the Copley Society. 

May 15. Work of Abbey at the Pennsylvania State Capitol (Copley 

June. Chromolithographs by Prang of the Walters Collection of Chi- 
nese Porcelain and Japanese Porcelain. (Mr. Prang died June 15, 

July 20. Chaucer Exhibition, books and pictures. In connection with 
the pageant at Gloucester, August 4. 

July 23, O. W. Holmes Centenary Exhibit. 

August 2. Recent acquisitions of photographs (mainly Mansell photo- 
graphs of paintings in Great Britain) . 

August 5. Tennysoniana, portraits and books. 

September 25. Photographs of German Architecture. Four hundred 
and fifty photographs presented by Mrs. Bayard Thayer. 

September 25. Dictionaries and Pictures of Samuel Johnson. 

September 25. Pictures and books in connection with the Hudson- 
Fulton Celebration in New York. 

October 1 . Books and pictures in connection with the inauguration of 
President Lowell at Harvard College. 

October 4. Second installment of photographs of German Architecture. 

November 1 . Views of Old Boston. In connection with the Boston 
1915 Exhibition. 

December 1 . Portugal photographs. 

December 1 . Airships and Flying Machines pictures. 

December 7. New Medici prints. 

December 1 3. Sicily photographs. 

December 27. Pictures of Northern Africa. 

December 28. Colored etchings and pencil drawings by Lester G. 

1910. January 10. Pictures of Norway. 

January 20. Pictures of Spain. 

January 27. Pictures of Italy. 


This Department is in charge of Mr. James L. Whitney. 
From the records it appears that the number of volumes placed 
upon the shelves during the year which ended January 15, 1910, 
was 695. Twenty-one volumes have been eliminated. The net 
gain is, therefore, 674 volumes. The entire collection now num- 
bers 16,160 volumes, exclusive of the documents in the second 


gallery and on the Special Libraries floor. The gifts through the 
American Statistical Association comprise 512 volumes and 
1 ,876 numbers or parts. 

The work of cataloguing the Chamberlain manuscripts in de- 
tail has progressed faster than in former years. During the past 
twelve months Mr. Whitney has personally completed a de- 
scriptive schedule list covering 3,843 manuscripts and 1,780 
autograph signatures. In passing from the literary part of the 
Chamberlain collection to the historical and political, these 
manuscripts have increased in interest and significance. 


The total expense of operation of the branch system, charge- 
able against the city appropriation, including the 1 1 principal 
branches and the 1 7 reading-room stations, or minor branches, 
was $107,287.41 for the year. 

Mr. Langdon L. Ward, Supervisor, thus reports upon certain 
parts of the work : 


The number of volumes sent on deposit to the schools from the Central 
Library and the branches is 22,263, as against 19,638 in the year 1908— 
09, and 19,555 in 1907-08, a very gratifying increase. The number 
of schools supplied has increased and also the number of teachers. The 
latter number is 577. Of these teachers 406 were supplied by branches, 
as against 367 in the preceding year. 

The number of volumes lent out for use at schools at any one time from 
a large branch often exceeds 1 ,000, and these may be in the hands of 
nearly fifty teachers. 

The requests for school deposits came in earlier and in greater number 
this year than ever before. At the Central Library there were approxi- 
mately seventy requests between September 8 and September 30, and 
2,204 volumes were sent in response. 

A few talks to classes have been given by custodians this year, the 
places being the Dorchester and Upham's Corner Branches and the Cod- 
man Square Reading Room. 


The Director of vacation schools was informed last summer of the 
willingness of the Library to send books to his schools, and some play- 
grounds were supplied. A conference was held in September with the 
Supervisor of parochial schools, for the purpose of extending the work 
with these schools. 

The number of pictures lent from the branch collections, chiefly to 
schools and reading rooms, is 1 7,772, as against 1 1 ,097 in 1908—09, an 
increase of sixty per cent. At one branch, during the month of October, 
7 1 3 pictures were asked for and sent to schools. Through one reading 
room 663 branch and central pictures were sent to teachers. The branch 
collections of pictures have grown steadily. The custodians are allowed 
a small sum yearly for buying them, but most of them are cut from periodi- 
cals and mounted at the branches. Several reading rooms also are build- 
ing up small collections. The lists of pictures in the branch collections, 
which were printed about a year ago, have proved most useful. One 
custodian says: "We lent 3,045 branch pictures, the requests covering 
a variety of subjects, largely folk life and nature topics, but including also 
such variety as Arctic Regions, Old Boston, 'Sunlight and TwiHght,' 
Occupations, Industries, Races of the World, Forms of Water, Land and 
Shore Forms, etc." 


Though we have few figures to show the attendance of readers at the 
branches and reading rooms, the Custodians' rep>orts indicate that it has 
been large, and that a slight loss in circulation has not meant a decline in 
the activities of the branches. 

The branches and the two largest reading rooms sent out on deposit 
this year 19,322 volumes, as against 16,629 volumes in the year 1908— 
09 (11 1/2 months), and 16,352 volumes in 1907-08. The number 
of places to v/hich the deposits were sent was 1 34. This part of the 
activities of the branches depends greatly upon the enterprise and judg- 
ment of the custodians, and is increasingly satisfactory. 

The collections of reference books at the branches and reading rooms, 
but particularly at the latter, have had substantial additions this year, and 
the use of these books continues to increase. 

One custodian says: "The reference books are used constantly by 
pupils from the schools. All sorts of questions are brought to the cus- 
todian to settle, from the area of the delta of the Nile to the family name 
of King Edward. Where there was a constant demand for a certain book 
it was held at the desk for the use of the school. In this way two books 
relating to the Hudson and Fulton celebration, ten on gardening, three on 
industries, two on Thanksgiving, one on Christmas, and one on physics 
were ready for use at any time." 


Another says: "Our material gain has been in helpfulness. We have 
not only given out books, but we have been able to give the particular 
books that people desired. We have catered to specific needs," 

The number of volumes of new books placed upon the shelves at the 
branches is 3,146, as against 3,653 in the year preceding. The replace- 
ments, however, number 4,384 volumes, as against 2,148 in 1908—09 
(II 1/2 months) . The additions to the permanent collections of the 
reading room stations number only 2,846 volumes, as against 5,259 
volumes in 1908—09. Of the volumes added, however, many were 
expensive reference books, such as the New International Encyclopaedia, 
the Century Dictionary, and Nicolay and Hay's Life of Lincoln. 

The importance of the branches in the library system increases 
each year. Through them the use of the books in the Central 
Library, as well as of those in the individual branches, is largely 
extended. At the Upham's Corner Branch an additional room 
has been provided for the especial use of children. The pro- 
posed new branch building for the Jamaica Plain Branch is 
under contract, and will probably be ready for occupancy during 
the coming year. This work is not under the control of the 
Library Department, but is in charge of the Commissioner of 
Public Buildings. The new building will provide for the sepa- 
ration of the adult and juvenile readers, and will present such 
other desirable features as are required in modern branch library 
buildings. All the books will be upon open shelves, and the 
basement will contain a small lecture hall, for the use of study 
classes, an occasional story hour for the children, or for other 
library uses. It is extremely important that, as soon as possible, 
similar facilities shall be provided for the effective operation of 
every branch in the system. 


During the year 391 volumes have been added to the Patent 
collection. The total number in this department is now 1 0,968. 
The recorded number of persons who have consulted the files is 
8,538, a gain of 1.744 as compared with the previous year. 
They have used 70.807 volumes, as compared with 66,454, the 
number of volumes consulted in 1 908—09. 



The number of periodicals now regularly placed upon the 
periodical reading tables is 1 ,477, exclusive of government and 
state publications or library bulletins. 

The usual record of attendance is appended, showing the 
number of readers in the Periodical Room, at specified hours, 
aggregated for the year, in each of two successive years : 

Hours. 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 

a.m. m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. 

1909-10 . . . 9,632 13,430 19,027 24,932 20,119 23,099 7,949 

1908-09 . . . 8,844 13,239 15,421 22.861 17,585 21,135 4,164 

The number of bound volumes from the files consulted during 
the year, in the daytime (week days only), was 28,559; and in 
the evening or on Sundays 8,008. In each case the figures show 
a considerable increase as compared with the preceding year. 
Besides these, 23,507 unbound back numbers of periodicals were 
issued to readers at the tables during week days, and 15,540 in 
the evening or on Sunday. 


The Newspaper Reading Room is generally filled with read- 
ers. The maximum attendance for the year was 1 92, at 5 P.M., 
January 28. 

Mr. Pierce E. Buckley, in charge of the Department, thus 
reports upon certain accessions to the files of old newspapers 
during the year: 

A large number of 1 8th century American newspapers were added to 
the files, filling many breaks. They were: Pennsylvania Chronicle, 
1768—9, 72 nos. ; Pennsylvania Journal, 1752—83, 13 nos. ; Pennsyl- 
vania Ledger, 1778, 1 no.; Boston News Letter, 1761, 30 nos.; Boston 
Gazette, 1 761 , 62, 68, 80, 22 nos. ; Boston Evening Post, 1 760, 2 nos. ; 
Newport Mercury, 1 761 , 30 nos. ; Independent Gazetteer, 1 724—1 786, 
144 nos.; Independent Ledger, 1781, 1 no.; N. H. Gazette, 1774-83, 
2 nos. 

There were also added some interesting English papers: St. James 
Chronicle, 1764-1780, 13 nos.; Lloyds Evening Post, 1769, 1 no.; 


Morning Post, 1782, 1 no.; Public Advertiser, 1791, 7 no.; British 
Press, 1812, 2 nos. 

These papers were purchased because of their historic interest to Bos- 
ton. The St. James Chronicle for December 6, 1 764, gives an account 
of a meeting of the House of Representatives regarding the condition of 
affairs in New England. In the issue for October 8, 1 765, of this paper 
are accounts of the Stamp Act Riots and the burning of the Governor's 
property. In the issue for November 1 6, 1 780, there is an account of the 
capture and hanging of Major Andre. The Morning Post for Decem- 
ber 12, 1782, has a notice of "Articles being signed between England 
and the United States." 

In all, 265 volumes of newspapers were added to the files. 
There are now 7,243 bound volumes in the collection, many of 
them of great value in reference work relating to the progress 
and development of the City, or in historic research. The files 
were consulted by 7,231 persons during the year, who used 

1 7, 1 5 1 bound volumes. 

A tablet in memory of William C. Todd, who gave to the 
City the sum of $50,000, of which the income is devoted to the 
purchase of newspapers for the Library, has been placed upon 
the wall of the Newspaper Reading Room. This tablet was 
designed by Mr. Frank Chouteau Brown, and the expense was 
met by Mr. Edmund K. Turner, the executor of Mr. Todd's 


The Sunday service has been extended during the year by 
opening the Central Library at 12 o'clock noon, instead of at 

2 o'clock in the afternoon, and a similar extension of Sunday 
hours has been made at the West End, South Boston and South 
End Branches. The usual diminution of evening service during 
the summer was this year delayed until June 1 5, instead of taking 
effect June 1 ; and ceased September 1 5 instead of September 
30, as formerly. The evening service, both week days and Sun- 
days, has thus been extended during a period of four weeks in 
the summer, beyond that provided in the preceding years. The 
average number of books lent upon Sundays and holidays for 


use at home was 725 ; the largest number on any single day being 
1,101. The largest attendance on any single Sunday in the 
Bates Hall Reading Room was 293, at 5 P.M., on the ninth of 
May. For the purpose of determining approximately the num- 
ber of visitors at the Central building on an ordinary Sunday, a 
count was made of the number of persons who entered and left 
the building on Sunday, January 1 6. 



Out. Hours. 





178 5_6 





180 6-7 





367 7-8 





689 8-9 . . 




. 1,048 

846 9-10 . 



Totals . 

. 5.384 



Examinations for the library service were given as follows : 
June 19, 1909, Grade E (65 applicants, 24 passed) ; Sep- 
tember 10, Grade E (7 applicants, 3 passed); and December 
18, Grade E (89 applicants, 56 passed). 



As at present organized, the various departments of the Li- 
brary and the Branches and Reading-room Stations are in charge 
of the following persons: 

Samuel A. Chevalier, Chief of Catalogue and Shelf Department. 
Theodosia E. Macurdy, Chief of Ordering Department. 
Oscar A. Bierstadt, Custodian of Bates Hall Reference Department. 
Pierce E. Buckley, Custodian of Bates Hall Centre Desk, Patent and 

Newspaper Departments. 
Garrick M. Borden, Custodian of the Special Libraries. 
Frank C. Blaisdell, Chief of Issue Department. 
Langdon L. Ward, Supervisor of Branches and Stations. 
Alice M. Jordan, Chief of Children's Department. 
John J. Keenan, Chief of Registration Department. 
James L. Whitney, Chief of Statistical Department. 


Francis W. Lee, Chief of Printing Department. 

Frank Ryder, Chief of Bindery Department. 

Henry Niederauer, Chief of Engineer and Janitor Department. 

Louise Prouty, Custodian of Brighton Branch. 

Ehzabeth F. Cartee, Custodian of Charlestown Branch. 

Elizabeth T. Reed, Custodian of Dorchester Branch. 

Ellen O. Walkley, Custodian of East Boston Branch. 

Mary P. Swain, Custodian of Jamaica Plain Branch. 

Helen M. Bell, Custodian of Roxbury Branch. 

Alice M. Robinson, Custodian of South Boston Branch. 

Margaret A. Sheridan, Custodian of South End Branch. 

Mary L. Brick, Custodian of Upham's Corner Branch. 

Eliza R. Davis, Custodian of West End Branch. 

M. Addie Hill, Custodian of Station A, Lower Mills Reading Room, 

Grace L. Murray, Custodian of Station B, Roslindale Reading Room. 

Emma D. Capewell, Custodian of Station D, Mattapan Reading Room. 

Mary M. Sullivan, Custodian of Station E, Neponset Reading Room. 

Elizabeth G. Fairbrother, Custodian of Station F, Mt. Bowdoin Reading 

Katherine F. Muldoon, Custodian of Station G, Allston Reading Room. 
Gertrude M. Harkins, Custodian of Station J, Codman Square Reading 

Margaret H. Reid, Custodian of Station N, Mt. Pleasant Reading Room. 
Cora L. Stewart, Custodian of Station P, Broadway Extension Reading 

Mary L. Kelly, Custodian of Station R, Warren Street Reading Room. 
Laura N. Cross, Custodian of Station S, Roxbury Crossing Reading 

Elizabeth P. Ross, Custodian of Station T, Boylston Station Reading 

Florence Bethune, Custodian of Station Z, Orient Heights Reading Room. 
Iside Boggiano, Custodian of Station 22, North Street Reading Room. 
Josephine E. Kenney, Custodian of Station 23, City Point Reading Room. 
Mary F. Kelley, Custodian of Station 24, Parker Hill Reading Room. 

I desire to record my acknowledgment of the faithful service 
of the foregoing, of the employees generally, and especially that 
of Mr. Otto Fleischner, Assistant Librarian, whose loyal coope- 
ration in the work of administration has been of great assistance. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Horace G. Wadlin, 



Accessions. (See Books.) 

John Adams Library, copy for printed 
catalogue completed, 50. 

Additions. {See Books.) 

Appropriation. (5ee Finance.) 

Attendance. Bates Hall, 57, 68; 
Newspaper Room, 66, 67; Patent 
Room, 65; Periodical Room, 66; 
Special libraries, 59. 

Average cost of books, 3. 

Balance sheet, 28-31. 

Barton-Ticknor Room, 58. 

Bates Hall, 56, 57. 

Benton, Josiah H., reappointed Trustee 
for five years, 1 ; elected President, I . 

Bindery Department, employees, 5; 
work of, 35, 53. 

Binding and repair of books, 4. 

Board of Trustees, organization, I . 

Books, accessions, 3, 45-51, 58; aver- 
age cost, 3; binding and repair, 4; 
for children, 55; circulation, 3, 13, 14, 
4CH45, 55; comparisons at branches, 
15; expenditures, 3, 34; fiction, 44, 
46; more new titles needed, 34; needs 
of foreign population, 35; music col- 
lection, 58; newspapers and periodi- 
cals, 21, 66; Patent Room, 65; pro- 
portion of city money spent for, 34; 
reference use, 4, 56, 57; reserved for 
special use, 55, 59; sent to schools, 
etc., 8, 35, 55, 63. 64; Statistical 
Department, 62; typewritten lists for 
schools, 16; total volumes, 51. 

Borrowers. (5ee Card holders.) 

Branches and reading-room stations, 
63, 68; children's room at Upham's 
Corner, 65; circulation, 13, 44, 55; 
classification by groups, 1 7 ; custo- 
dians, 68; development and compari- 
son of work, 14, 16; cost of system, 
63 ; service cost, 1 7 ; detailed state- 
ment, 9; improvements needed, 36; 
need of better buildings, 18; new 
building for Jamaica Plain Branch, 
65; separate buildings, 20; reference 

and deposit work, 8, 45, 63, 64; re- 
pairs and improvements, 25, 39, 40; 
Sunday service, 7, 67; talks at, 16; 
total volumes, 52; typewritten lists of 
books for school work, 16; work with 
schools, 8, 35, 55, 63, 64. 

Boyle, Thomas F., elected Vice Presi- 
dent, 1. 

Brown, Allen A., gift of Dramatic 
collection, 23; Music collection, addi- 
tions, 58; work on music catalogue, 

Card holders, number, 54. 

Catalogue Department, 36, 50. 

Center bequest, sale of real estate, 22. 

Chiefs of Departments, 68. 

Children's Department, 55. 

Circulation, 3, 9, 13, 40-45, 57; 
Children's Department, 55; deposit 
collection, 65; pictures, 58_60; Sun- 
days, 67-68; with schools, 63. 

Classes and clubs, provision for, 56, 

Comparisons, branch system, 9, 14. 

Cutter, Abram E., library catalogued, 

Deposits, 8, 45, 63. 

Documents, department of, 62. 

Employees, Mutual Benefit Associa- 
tion, 6; service well administered, 27; 
salaries and wages, 5. 

Examining Committee, 26; report, 32. 

Examinations, 68. 

Exhibitions, 61, 62. 

Expense. (See Finance.) 

Fiction, circulation, 44; purchases, 46. 

Finance, Balance Sheet, 28-31 (ta- 
bles) ; Center bequest, sale of real 
estate, 22; city appropriations neces- 
sary, 2 ; for nine years, 23 ; cost of 
branch system, 16, 63; maintenance 
and work, 22; proportion of city 
money for books, 34; receipts and 
expenditures, I, 28_3I ; service cost 
of branches, 17; Trust funds income, 



Fine Arts Department, 57. 

Fleischner, Otto, assistance of, 69. 

Foreign population, more books and 
newspapers for, 35. 

Gifts, 23. 48. 

Harvard-Lowell Collegiate courses, 
books reserved, 52, 55, 60. 

Hours of service, 7; extended on Sun- 
days, 67. 

Improvements and repairs, 39. 

Institutions, deposits sent to, 8, 45, 63. 

Inter-library loans, 21. 

Issue Department, 43. 

Lantern slides, 57. 

Lectures, 22, 52, 60, 61 . 

Librarian's report, 39. 

Library, as an educational institution, 
37; service, pension fund, 5, 34; cost 
of branches, 17, 63; salaries and 
wages, 4, 5 ; hours, 7, 67 ; Sunday and 
evening service, 7, 67 ; service well 
administered, 27. 

Manuscripts, 63. 

Moulton, Louise Chandler, Library, 
finding list, 50, 53. 

Mutual Benefit Association, 6. 

Newspapers, 21, 66. 

Ordering Department, 36, 46. 

Patent Department, 65. 

Pension fund, 5, 34. 

Periodicals, 21, 66. 

Phillips Street Fund, used for im- 
provements at West End Branch, 26. 

Photographs and other pictures, 16, 
35, 57, 58, 60. 

Pictures. (See Photographs.) 

Printing Department, 5, 35, 53. 

Publications, 50, 52, 53, 56; number 
distributed, 54. 

Reading-room stations. (See Branches.) 

Reference work, 4; Bates Hall, 56; 
Children's Room, 55; Patent Room, 
65; branches, 64. 

Registration Department, 54. 

Repairs and improvements, 26, 39. 

Salaries and wages, 4. 

Schools, work with, 8, 35, 55, 63, 64. 

Shelf Department, 51. 

Special Libraries Department, 57, 59. 

Statistical Department, 62. 

Stock Department, 54. 

Sunday and evening service, 7; exten- 
sion of, 67. 

Todd, William C, memorial tablet, 67. 

Whitney, James L3Tnan, completes 
forty years of service. Resolution 
adopted by Trustees, 25. 

Working hours, 7, 67. 

The Public Library of the City of Boston: Printing Department. 


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