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ON FEBRUARY 1. 1915. 

JOSIAH H. BENTON, President. 

Term expires April 30, 1919. 


Term expires April 30, 1915. Term expires April 30, 1917. 


Term expires April 30, 1916. Term expures April 30, 1918. 



The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, 
organized in 1 852, are now incorporated under the provisions of 
Chapter 1 1 4, of the Acts of 1 878, as amended. The Board for 
1852 was a preliminary organization; that for 1853 made the 
first annual report. At first the Board consisted of one alderman 
and one common councilman and five citizens at large, until 1 867, 
when a revised ordinance made it to consist of one alderman, two 
common councilmen and six citizens at large, two of whom 
retired, unless re-elected, each year, while the members from 
the City Council were elected yearly. In 1878 the organi- 
zation of the Board was changed to include one alderman, one 
councilman, and five citizens at large, as before 1867; and in 
1885, by the provisions of the amended city charter, the repre- 
sentation of the City Government upon the Board by an alder- 
man and a councilman was abolished, leaving the Board as at 
present, consisting of five citizens at large, appointed by the 
Mayor, for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring 
each year. The following citizens at large have been members 
of the Board since its organization in 1 852 : 

Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, a.m., 1879-95. 

Appleton, Thomas Gold, a.m., 1852-56. 

Benton, Josiah Henry, ll.d., 1894- 

BiGELow, John Prescott, a.m., 1852-68. 

BowDiTCH, Henry Ingersoll, m.d., 1865-67. 

BowDiTCH, Henry Pickering, m.d., 1894-1902. 

Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902-1912. 

Braman, Jarvis Dwight, 1869-72. 

Brett, John Andrew, 1912- 

Carr, Samuel, 1895-96, 1908- 

Chase, George Bigelow, a.m., 1876-85. , 

Clarke, James Freeman, d.d., 1878-88. 

Curtis, Daniel Sargent, a.m., 1873-75. 

DeNormandie, James, d.d., 1895-1908. 

Dwight, Thomas, m.d., 1899-1908. 

Everett, Edward, ll.d., 1852-64, 

Frothingham, Richard, ll.d., 1875-79. 

Green, Samuel Abbott, m.d., 1868-78. 

Greenough, William Whitwell, 1856-88. 

Haynes, Henry Williamson, a.m., 1880-94. 

HiLLARD, George Stillman, ll.d., 1872-75; 76-77. 

Kenney, William Francis, a.m., 1908- 

Lewis, Weston, 1868-79. 

Lewis, Winslow, m.d., 1867. 

Lincoln, Solomon, a.m., 1897-1907. 

Mann, Alexander, d.d., 1908- 

MoRTON, Ellis Wesley, 1870-73. 

Pierce, Phineas, 1888-94. 

Prince, Frederick Octavius, a.m., 1888-99. 

Putnam, George, d.d., 1868-77. 

Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95. 

Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1852-68. 

Thomas, Benjamin Franklin, ll.d., 1877-78. 

Ticknor, George, ll.d., 1852-66. 

Walker, Francis Amasa, ll.d., 1 896. 

Whipple, Edwin Percy., a.m., 1867-70. 

Whitmore, William Henry, a.m., 1885-88. 

WiNsoR, Justin, ll.d., 1867-68. 

The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board 
from 1 852 to 1 864 ; George Ticknor, in 1 865 ; William W. 
Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof. Henry W. 
Haynes. from May 7, 1888, to May 12. 1888; Samuel A. 
B. Abbott. May 12. 1888. to April 30. 1895; Hon. F. O. 
Prince, October 8, 1895, to May 8. 1899; Solomon Lin- 
coln, May 12, 1899. to October 15. 1907; Rev. James De 
NORMANDIE, January 31, 1908. to May 8. 1908; JosiAH H. 
Benton, since May 8, 1 908. 


(From 1 838 to 1 877, the chief executive officer was entitled Superintendent.) 


Capen, Edward, Librarian, May 13, 1852 -December 16, 1874. 

Jewett, Charles C, Superintendent, 1858 -January 9, 1868. 

WiNSOR, Justin, ll.d.. Superintendent, February 25, 1868 -Septem- 
ber 30, 1877. 

Green, Samuel A., m.d.. Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 
1877 -September 30, 1878. 

Chamberlain, Mellen, ll.d.. Librarian, October 1, 1878 -Septem- 
ber 30, 1890. 

DwiGHT, Theodore F., Librarian, April 13. 1892 -April 30, 1894. 

Putnam, Herbert, ll.d.. Librarian, February 1 1, 1895 -April 30, 

Whitney, James L., Acting Librarian, March 31, 1 899 - December 
21, 1899; Librarian, December 22, 1899 -January 31, 1903. 

Wadlin, Horace G., LITT.D., Librarian, since February 1, 1903. 


Central Library, Copley Sq. Established May 2, 1854 
East Boston Branch, 276-282 Meridian St. . 
§South Boston Branch, 372 Broadway 
IIRoxbury Branch, 46 Miilmont St. . . . 
tCharlestown Branch, Monument Sq. 
■fCodman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St. 
tBrighton Branch, Academy Hill Rd. . 
JDorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adeims St. 
§South End Branch, 397 Shawmut Ave. 
tJamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St. 
$We$t Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St. 
■fWest End Branch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St. 
$Upham's Corner Branch, Columbia Rd., cor. Bird St. 
■fHyde Park Branch, Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. 
tNorth End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. 
Station A. Lower Mills Reading Room, Washington St. 

B. Roslindale Reading Room, Weishington St., cor. Ash 

land St. 




Mattapan Reading Room, 727 Walk Hill St. . 

Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponset Ave. 

Mt. Bowdoin Reading Room, Washington, cor. Eldon 

Allston Reading Room, 6 Harvard Ave. 

Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Dudley, cor. Magazine St 

P. Broadway Extension Reading Room, 13 Broadway 


Warren Street Reading Room, 392 Warren St. . 

Roxbury Crossing Reading Room, 1 1 54 Tremont St 

Boylston Station Reading Room, The Lamartine, De 
pot Sq. ........ 

Y. Andrew Square Reading Room, 396 Dorchester St. 

Z. Orient Heights Reading Room, 1030 Bennington St 

23. City Point Reading Room, Municipal Building, Broad- 

way ........ 

24. Parker Hill Reading Room, 1518 Tremont St. . 

25. Faneuil Reading Room, 100 Brooks St. 

Mar. II. 1895 
Jan. 28, 1871 
May I. 1872 
July. 1873 

♦Jan.. 1874 
Nov. 12. 1890 

*Jan.. 1874 
Jan. 25. 1874 
Aug.. 1877 
Sept.. 1877 

»Jan. 6. 1880 
Feb. 1. 1896 
Mar. 16. 1896 

*Jan. 1. 1912 
Feb. 27. 1913 
June 7. 1875 

Dec. 3. 1878 
Dec. 27. 1881 
Jan. I. 1883 

Nov. 1. 1886 
Mar. II. 1889 
Apr. 29. 1892 

Jan. 16. 1896 
May 1. 1896 
Jan. 18. 1897 

Nov. I. 1897 
Mar. 5. 1914 
June 25. 1901 

July 18. 1906 
July 15. 1907 
Mar. 4. 1914 

*A« a branch. tin building owned by City, and exclusively devoted to library usei. tin City building, 
in part devoted to other municipal uaet. lOccupies rented rooms. UTlie lessee of the Fellowe* Athe- 
Qseum, a private library association. 


Report of the Trustees: . 

Balance Sheet 
Report of the Examining Committee 
Report of the Librarian . 
Index to the Annual Report 1914-15 . 





Central Library Building .... 
Map of the Library System 
East Boston Branch Library 
East Boston Branch: Children's Reading Room 
East Boston Branch: Room for Adults 
Faneuil Reading Room .... 
Faneuil Reading Room: Interior 
Andrew Square Reading Room: Interior 

At the end 
Facing page 6 

To His Honor James M. Curley, 

Ma^or of the Cit^ of Boston: 

Sir, — The Board of Trustees of the PubHc Library of the 
City of Boston present the following report of its condition and 
affairs for the year ending January 31, 1915, being their sixty- 
third annual report. 


The Board organized on May 5, 1914, by the election of 
Josiah H. Benton as President, William F. Kenney, Vice Presi- 
dent, and Delia Jean Deery, Clerk. 

Josiah H. Benton, a member of the Board, was reappointed, 
and qualified for the term ending April 30, 1919. 


The receipts of the Library are of two classes: First, those 
which are to be expended by the Trustees in the maintenance of 
the Library. These consist of the annual appropriation by the 
City Council, and the income from Trust funds, given to the 
trustees but invested by the City Treasurer under the direction 
of the Finance Committee of the City. During the past year 
these receipts were as follows: 

Annual appropriation ■ . . . $400,000.00 

Income from Trust funds ......... 18,974.86 

Unexpended balance of Trust fund income of previous years . . 12,455.13 

Total $431,430.01 

Second, receipts which are accounted for and paid into the 
City treasury for general municipal purposes. These consist of 
receipts from fines for the detention of books, from sales of find- 
ing lists, bulletins, and catalogues; from commissions paid for 


the use of telephone facilities; from sales of waste; from pay- 
ments for lost books; and from money found in the Library. 
These receipts, during the year, have been as follows: 

From fines $6,502.44 

From sales of catalogues, etc. ........ 70.23 

From telephone commissions ......... 252.64 

From sales of waste .......... 113.46 

From sale of paper towels ......... 58.58 

From interest on bank deposits ........ 16.94 

From payments for lost books ........ 426.36 

From money found in the Library . . . . . . . 15.12 

Total $7,455.77 

The $426.36 received for lost books, being received only to 
replace lost library property is, when paid into the City treasury, 
added to the appropriation for library maintenance. A balance 
sheet showing all the receipts and expenditures of the Library 
Department in detail is hereinafter contained. 


Nearly all the money which the Trustees can use for the 
maintenance and working of the Library system comes from the 
annual appropriation by the City Council. 

During the past ten years the estimates of the Trustees, the 
recommendations by the Mayor, and the amounts appropriated 
by the City Council have been as follows: 








1905 325,465.00 








































The appropriations for these ten years have averaged $4,922 
less than the estimates of the Board. In 1906 and 1910 the 
appropriations equalled the estimates, but in 1914 the appro- 
priation was $30,619 less than the estimate. This is not said 


by way of complaint, because we are aware of the limitations 
which necessarily govern the Council in making appropriations 
for maintenance. It is only stated to dispel the illusion which 
the Examining Committee and many others seem to have that 
the Trustees have only to ask for money to get it. 


The hours of service at the Central Library and branches 
remain unchanged except that by making the Codman Square 
Reading Room into a branch, service in the forenoon is now pro- 
vided at that station. 


During the year 46,963 volumes have been added to the 
Library collection, as compared with 37,606 added in 1913. 
Of these, 37,295 were purchased, 7,327 were given to the 
Library, and the remainder were received by exchange, binding 
of periodicals into volumes, etc. There were purchased for 
the Central Library 15,150 volumes and 22,145 for the branch 
libraries and reading-room stations. 

The total amount expended for books, including $7,470.49 
for periodicals, $1,919.34 for newspapers, and $602.78 for 
photographs, was $59,563.18, or about 14.3 per cent of the 
entire expense of the Library for all purposes. 

The corresponding expenditure for the year 1913 was 
$49,094.70, including $7,452.72 for periodicals, $2,000.00 for 
newspapers, and $823,36 for photographs, or, about 12.3 per 
cent of the entire expense of the Library. 

The average cost of all books purchased was $1 .31 per vol- 
ume, as against $1 .42 in 1 91 3. Of the books purchased, 34,608 
were bought from money appropriated by the City, at an average 
cost of $1 . 1 4 a volume, and 2,687 were bought with the income 
of Trust funds, at an average cost of $3.65 a volume. The 
corresponding figures for 1913 were: bought from City appro- 
priation, 22,445; average cost $1.02. From Trust funds in- 
come, 4,871 ; average cost $3.23. 



There were issued during the year for direct home use 
274,669 volumes at the Central Library, compared with 260,965 
issued in 1913, smd from the Central Library through the 
branches and reading-room stations 76,816 others, while the 
branches and reading-room stations also issued 1 ,45 1 ,5 1 4 vol- 
umes for direct home use. Hie corresponding figures in 1913 
were 82,782 and 1 ,300,348. There were also issued from the 
Central Library, branches and reading-room stations, for use 
at schools and institutions, 209,590 volumes, as against 204,878 
issued in 191 3,. making the entire issue for use outside the Library 
buildings 2,012,589 volumes, as compared with 1,848,973 in 

The use of the Library for general reference and study is un- 
restricted. It is therefore impracticable to record this use statis- 
tically. Its extent, however, is shown by the fact that about half 
a million call slips for the table use of books in Bates Hall in the 
Central Library alone are required during the year. The daily 
use of books and other library material in the Central Library 
and in the branches is doubtless many times greater than the 
home use of books drawn out upon cards. 


During the year 40,633 volumes have been bound in the 
Bindery, as against 38,530 in 1913. Beside this, a large amount 
of miscellaneous work has been completed, such as the folding, 
stitching and trimming of 192,064 library publications, compared 
with 183,423 in 1913, and the mounting of maps and photo- 
graphs, the repairing of books, and making of periodical covers, 
etc. The expense of performing this necessary miscellaneous 
work is equivalent to about 1 7 per cent of the total expense of 
the Department. The ability to do it promptly in our own 
Bindery, greatly promotes the convenience, economy and effi- 
ciency of the library work. 



In 1894 there was no regular printing department, to which 
salaries were charged. The services of Mr. Lee of the Cata- 
logue Department were employed in getting the Printing De- 
partment into* shape. His salary in the Catalogue Department 
in 1894 was $611. 

Mr. A. A. Kingman did the printing of the catalogue cards 
in the building and was paid for it, while the other printing of 
bulletins, forms, reports, etc., was done by Rockwell & Churchill 
who were paid for it. The total expense in 1894 was 
$11,938.38 which includes $3,250 for a linotype machine, 
leaving $8,688.38 for expense. In 1895 the expenses were 
$6,312.92. Then, beginning with 1896 the salaries in the 
Printing Department were $3,761.99 and the total expenses 
$12,355.62. The expense for salaries and the total expenses 
of the Department have increased from that time until they are 
now $6,776.50 for salaries and $12,375.73 for total expenses, 
which, of course, includes salaries. The average expense for 
salaries from 1896 to 1913 has been $6,085.01 , and the average 
total expense for the same period has been $1 1,647.08 varying 
in different years as we purchased linotypes or other equipment. 

In 1894 the salaries in the Bindery were $10,561.07 and the 
total expenses $14,213.58. The binding was then done in 
the building, and from 1895 to 1902 this continued to be the 
case. The Printing Department and Bindery were located 
in what is now the Patent Room and the patents were in the 
Elliott Room, now one of the children's rooms. In 1902 
the Printing Department and Bindery were removed to rooms 
in Stanhope Street, and in 1912 they were again removed 
to their present quarters on Columbus Avenue. In 1895 
the expense of the Bindery for salaries was $10,626.87 
and the total expenses $14,974.56. The number of books 
bound in that year was 1 7,096. Since then the expenses have 
steadily increased until the total expense now is $35,574.67 
of which $28,612.88 is for salaries. The average annual 
expense for salaries from 1895 has been $20,970.44. The 


average total expense has been $25,794.68, and the average 
number of books bound in a year has been 3 1 ,398. The vol- 
umes are of all styles and kinds of binding, and in addition there 
have been re-binding of volumes, mounting of maps and photo- 
graphs, &c., stitching and folding library publications. 

The total expense of both Printing and Binding Departments 
is now about 1 2 per cent of the entire expense of the Library. 


The Trustees continue to cooperate with the educational work 
of the schools, and, during the past year, the Library has sup- 
plied with books 30 branches and reading rooms, 155 public and 
parochial schools, 62 engine houses and 38 other institutions, and 
sends out upon the average from the Central Library, about 
400 volumes every day by its delivery wagons. The number of 
volumes sent on deposit from the Central Library through the 
branch system was 42,039, of which 1 0,278 were sent to schools. 
There were also sent from the branches themselves and from two 
of the largest reading rooms 29,678 volumes on deposit, distrib- 
uted among 184 places. Of these, 23,850 were sent to schools. 
That is to say, not only is the collection of the Central Library 
used as a reservoir from which books may be drawn for use in 
the branches and reading rooms, but each of the branches and 
reading rooms is in itself a reservoir from which books are drawn 
for use by teachers in schools in its immediate vicinity. 


The new building built for this Branch was opened to public 
use, April 21, 1914. 

This building is in every respect conveniently arranged for 
the operation of this Branch. It is built of brick, with stone 
dressings, and is finished throughout in oak, with floors of cork 
tile in the principal rooms. The public entrances are from 
Meridian Street, with service entrances on the rear, from Border 
Street. There is also a side entrance, with an approach from 


Meridian Street. A sub-basement contains the' heating appa- 
ratus, the first floor is devoted to the children's reading room, and 
the second floor is devoted to the reading room for aduhs. 

The usual service rooms, toilet rooms, and offices are provided. 
All the books are on open access cases, immediately available to 
readers without formality. The rooms are excellently lighted in 
the day time while the evening lighting, by the indirect electric 
system, is entirely successful. 

The original appropriation for this building, including land 
and fittings, was $100,000. It has been possible to complete it 
for the sum of $93,800.00, as shown by the following statement: 

Site, including building thereon and brokerage 
Payments on building contract 
Architect's commission .... 

Furniture and fittings, expended and provided for 
Advertising and minor expenses . 






Tola! $93,800.00 

The architect of the building was James E. McLaughlin, and 
the contractors were the John F. Griffin Company. 


The Municipal Buildings on Tyler and Vine Streets, which, 
respectively, contain rooms for the Broadway Extension and Mt. 
Pleasant Reading Rooms, are nearly completed, and will be 
ready for occupancy by the Library when the furniture and 
fittings are provided by the Public Buildings Department which 
is constructing the buildings. This work has been long delayed 
for reasons beyond our control. 


The property, 100 Brooks Street, Faneuil, Brighton, has, 
during the year, been held under lease for the occupancy of the 
Faneuil Reading Room. The building, excellently adapted to 
the purposes of the Reading Room, was formerly the Chapel of 
the Faneuil Congregational Church, and is located in the centre 
of the district. Funds for its purchase have been provided by a 


transfer of unexpended balances of the appropriations for the 
new branch buildings in Charlestown and East Boston. 


The Trustees have received a final payment of $133.87, com- 
pleting the sum of $1000 bequeathed to the Library under the 
will of Mehitable C. C. Wilson of Cambridge, all of which 
has been funded as the "Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund," the 
income to be used for the purchase of books. 

The sum of $35,000 has also been received as payment in 
part of a bequest to the Library under the will of Francis Skinner, 
of Boston. Of this sum $34,450 has been funded under the 
name of the "Francis Skinner Fund," and the balance of $550, 
now held in cash, together with subsequent payments to be re- 
ceived from this bequest, will be added to the Fund, and the 
income used for the purchase of books. 

The Library has also received under Mr. Skinner's will, his 
private library, comprising about 3,250 volumes of miscellaneous 


The estimates of the amount required for the maintenance of 
the Library during the coming year, sent in as required by City 
ordinance, amounted to $4 1 7,688. This is an increase of a 
little more than 4 per cent over the estimated expenditures of 
the present year. But the amount that was appropriated by the 
Council last year was $400,000, about 7 per cent less than the 
Trustees asked for, and was not sufficient to enable the Library 
to be operated to the point of highest efficiency. Even in the 
upkeep of the plant we were obliged to defer certain repairs 
which would have been carried out if the funds at our command 
had permitted. 

An allowance of $10,000, about 3|/2 per cent of the present 
authorized salary schedule, is added to the estimates to pro- 
vide for equitable salary increases during the year. No other 
allowance is made for individual salary increases above the 
schedule now fixed as shown in the detailed estimate sheets. 


The expense of the whole Library system last year was only 
about 26 cents of the 1 7.50 rate of the tax levy. The increase 
asked for this year is only about 2 cents of a tax levy of this 
amount, which would make the total expense of running the 
Library about 28 cents of such a tax rate. 


Last year we called attention to the immediate and imperative 
necessity for additional copies of standard books for the branches 
and for the deposit collection of the branches and stated that it 
was impossible to satisfy the reasonable demands of the public 
with the present supply of such books. During the year 9,073 
volumes have been bought to meet this need, requiring an expendi- 
ture of $10,000. A similar amount should be spent for the 
Scime purpose during the coming year. The volumes purchased 
related to the following subjects: 





Boys' books 

Building (including 
technical books re- 
lating thereto) 


Civil service 








Fairy tales 

Fiction (recent and 
standard, in Eng- 



General literature (in- 
cluding Ess'ays) 

Geography (including 

Girls' books 





Letter-writing (includ- 
ing business corres- 

Literature (fiction and 
non-fiction) In: 

Geometry, etc. 

Motor vehicles 

Moving pictures 





Poetry (including poems 
and plays for special 


Reference books (in- 
cluding Cyclopaedias, 


Social service 

Steam boilers 

Story telling 

Text-books (Grammar, 
Spelling, English for 
foreigners, etc.) 


Vocational (books re- 
lating to vocations 
and occupations) 

Wireless telegraphy 



The Trust Funds, that is, property given to the Trustees in 
trust for the uses of the Library, are by law required to be 
invested by the City Treasurer under the direction of the Finance 
Committee of the City. 

A detailed statement of these funds, and the income therefrom, 
is contained in the report of the City Auditor, but a condensed 
statement of the funds is as follows : 

Artz Fund $ 10.000.00 

Bates Fund 50,000.00 

Blgelow Fund 1,000.00 

Robert Charles Billings Fund 100,000.00 

Bowditch Fund 10,000.00 

Bradlee Fund 1,000.00 

Joseph H. Center Fund 39,543.14 

Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund 2,854.41 

Cutter Fund 4,000.00 

"Elizabeth Fund" under Matchett will 25,000.00 

Daniel Sharp Ford Fund 6,000.00 

Franklin Club Fund 1,000.00 

Green Fund 2,000.00 

Charlotte Harris Fund 10,000.00 

Thomas B. Harris Fund 1,000.00 

Abbott Lawrence Fund 10,000.00 

Edward Lawrence Fund ......... 500.00 

Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund 5,000.00 

Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund ...... 500.00 

Charles Mead Fund 2,500.00 

John Boyle O'Reilly Fund 1,000.00 

Phillips Fund 30,000.00 

Pierce Fund 5,000.00 

Scholfield Fund 61,800.00 

South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund 100.00 

TicknorFund 4,000.00 

William C. Todd Newspaper Fund 50,000.00 

Townsend Fund 4,000.00 

Treadwell Fund 13.987.69 

Nathan A. Tufts Fund 10,131.77 

Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund 5,000.00 

Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund 2,500.00 

Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund 1,000.00 

Francis Skinner Fund 34,450.00 

Total $504,867.01 

The income of these Trust Funds is used only for the purchase 
of books, and the income of $1 54,533 can be used only for books 
in special classes of literature or to be placed in certain designated 


branches or departments of the Library. The income of 
$121,750 must be spent for books designated as of "permanent 
value" only. The income of only $228,584.01 is unrestricted. 

Besides the amounts enumerated, the Trustees have received 
and paid to the City Treasurer the sum of $878.34 on the Alice 
Lincoln Whitney Fund, and $550 on the Francis Skinner Fund, 
which sums for the time being are held in uninvested cash on 
deposit at interest. And they have also paid to the Treasurer 
the sum of $3,014.79 under a bequest of James L. Whitney, 
formerly librarian, to be held and used for bibliographical pur- 
poses; and, from the same, about $1 ,124.38 has been expended 
for the purpose contemplated by the bequest. 

The expenditures under the Patrick F. Sullivan bequest of 
$5,000, to be used for the purchase of standard Catholic books 
under the terms of Mr. Sullivan's will, have been completed. 


On March 1 1,1895 the Central Library was moved to the 
present building, and on March 11, 1915 it will have been in 
its present quarters twenty years. This seems to make it proper 
to review the history of the Library for the past twenty years, 
and show how much it has grown and in what direction. 

In 1894 the Library consisted of 457,740 volumes in the 
Central Library and 152,635 volumes in the Branches. The 
Central Library was housed in the old Library building at 100 
Boylston Street, now occupied by the Colonial Building. Only 
300 books were on open shelves in the Central Library, and none 
in the Br cinches. 

The East Boston Branch occupied rooms in the Police 
Court building, where it was opened in 1871. The South End 
Branch was in the basement of a school building on Montgomery 
Street. The Jamaica Plain Branch had bad quarters in the 
old Curtis Hall. The South Boston Branch had then, as now, 
rented rooms on the second floor of a bank building. The 
Charlestown Branch occupied restricted quarters on the second 
floor of the old Charlestown City Hall building, reached by 
a long and inconvenient stairway. The Roxbury and Brighton 


branches occupied convenient buildings, but the Dorchester 
Branch occupied then, as now, quarters in a building partly oc- 
cupied for other purposes. 

There were twelve delivery or shop stations. These stations 
were mainly in shops and operated by other than Library em- 
ployees. The total direct circulation for home use of the ten 
branches was 523,253 volumes, and the circulation through the 
twelve delivery stations of books received from the Central Li- 
brary and branches was 39,102. The total expense of 
the nine branches was $35,504.67, and of the twelve delivery 
stations $6,850.84, which was only $4, 88 J .90 more than the ex- 
pense of the nine branches and five deliver;^ stations in 1884, or 
ten ^ears before. 

There were no newspapers taken in the branches, except the 
local papers, and only twelve in the Central Library. The Li- 
brary was without a librarian from April, 1894 to February, 
1895, and was necessarily in an unorganized condition. There 
was only one telephone in the Central Library, and no telephonic 
communication between the Central Library and the branches. 
The definite method of selecting books now in operation had 
not then been adopted, and no lists of books were regularly sub- 
mitted to the Trustees to be acted upon. The bills for books 
and other expenses were audited and paid without being brought 
before the Trustees in detail. There was an Inspector who 
visited the branches, and the custodians of branches came in to 
the Central building as they pleased and for what they pleased. 
There were no lectures and no children's rooms ; such things were 
never thought of at that time, and there was no story hour for 
children. There was no inter-library loan system. Special 
privilege cards were issued in a limited way, namely, 23 in 1 893 
and 28 in 1894. 

The new Central Library was incomplete when it was oc- 
cupied in 1895. There was no freight elevator; all the books 
from the stacks for the branches were carried up and dovm a 
narrow stairway on men's backs. There was no communication 
between the stacks. A person who wanted to get from one 
stack to another came out to the hall and went up or down into 
another stack. The room for the Librarian was practically a 


corridor beside a very inadequate delivery room, where the tubes 
were in a long straight row, so that a person had to walk back 
and forth to serve them. 

There was a janitor's office in the front on the first floor, and 
the toilet rooms were immediately in the rear, opening out of 
the entrance hall. The room now occupied for newspapers was 
used for periodicals. There was no connection between the 
periodical room and the rooms in the rear, the space being 
occupied by a driveway. The space between the Trustees' 
room and the present Librarian's room was open, for artistic 
effect. It required an expenditure of $100,000, which was 
appropriated outside the city debt limit, to remedy these and other 
deficiencies in the Central building. 

There was no deposit collection for the branches in 1 894, 
and no provision was made for it in the Central building. 

The work of issuing books to the branches was all conducted 
through the Issue Department. It was not possible to take out 
a book on a card in the Central Library, and return it to any 
branch, or to take out a book at a branch, and return it at the 
Central Library. 

There was no regular time for the custodians to meet at the 
Central Library for consultation with the Supervisor and each 
other with reference to branch work, as is now done. 

There was no work with the schools, and no deposits of books 
and pictures, and no consultation by teachers with the assistants 
at the branches and at the Central Library. 

Sunday service in the Library was confined to the issuing of 
books at the Central building until seven o'clock in the evening, 
and the opening of Bates Hall to readers from two to nine. The 
evening week day service for readers was confined to opening a 
small reading room for periodicals until nine in summer and until 
ten in winter, and the opening of Bates Hall until nine. 
There were no exhibitions of any kind. 

The Library has grown from this incomplete and unorganized 
condition in 1 894 to a large, compact, unified, highly organized 
system of a Central Library and thirty branches, with a collection 
of 828,342 volumes in the Central and 270,360 volumes in 


the branches. These are now united by a system of daily com- 
munication which makes any book in the system available at any 
point in the system. Three trunk lines of telephone connect all 
the departments in the Central Library, and there is direct tele- 
phone communication with thirteen of the branches. It is not a 
mere collection of isolated libraries, but is a system where every 
part is in direct relation and connected with every other part, and 
through which its library material is available to any citizen in any 
part of the city. Through this system more than 2,000,00 vol- 
umes are annually issued for home use. In addition to this all the 
leading and local newspapers, together with newspapers from the 
most important points in the world can be used either in the 
branches or at the Central Library. 

The branches are still further united by a Supervisor whose 
business it is to visit and observe them constantly, and to require 
the custodians to meet at the Central Library for conferences, 
at stated periods. There is also now a deposit collection kept 
at the Central building of about 40,000 books for deposit at 
branches and at schools and institutions. Besides the books 
issued from this collection a large number of volumes are issued 
each year through the Branch Department from the Central Li- 
brary general collection to borrowers who apply at the branches. 

There are also lectures upon subjects of educational and muni- 
cipal interest given at the Central Library and occasionally at 
the branches, weekly or more often, from October to April, and 
there are monthly exhibitions of photographs at the Central Li- 
brary and at the branches. There are deposits of pictures and 
books at the schools sent through every branch. 

The Central Library is opened at twelve o'clock on Sundays, 
and issues books for home use until nine o'clock. At the large 
branches and reading rooms there is the same issue from the 
time they open until the closing hour. 

We now have on open shelves, free to the direct access of the 
public, more than 30,000 volumes in the Central Library; and 
about 250,000 in the branches; as against about 300 in 1894. 

Special cards are now held by about 380 persons engaged 
in scholarly work, besides 1 007 special cards held by teachers. 


In 1894 the Library required 131 persons in the week-day 
service and 18 in the Sunday and evening service. Now it re- 
quires 238 persons in the week-day service and 1 71 in the Sun- 
day and evening service. In other words, in 1894 the Library 
employed 149 persons, while in 1914 it employed 409. This 
increase has been due to the fact not only that the Library has 
grown, but that it has grown in its service, in Tvhat it does for the 
public. For instance, in the Executive Department there has 
only been an increase from 7 to 1 1 employees, in the Catalogue 
Department from 1 3 to 2 1 , in the Shelf Department from 1 1 to 
1 3 and in the Ordering Department from 8 to 11. 

This is a comparatively small increase, but when we come to 
those departments where the public is directly served — where 
things are done for the people — we find where the increase 
arises. For instance, in Bates Hall in 1894 there were only 5 
employees definitely assigned, although others assisted in con- 
junction with work in other parts of the Library. Now there 
are 10 employees permanently assigned to this Hall. In the 
Newspaper, Patent and Periodical Rooms there were two em- 
ployees definitely assigned in 1894; now there are 8. There 
was no Department of Special Libraries, so-called, and no 
Statistical Department; now, there are 15 employees perma- 
nently assigned to such departments. While there were only 
47 employees in the branches or in the Branch Department 
service ; now, there are 1 08. 

The buildings occupied by the Library System have much 
increased. The Jamaica Plain Branch occupies an independent, 
newly constructed building. The North End is a new branch 
with £m admirable building. The Charlestown and East Boston 
branches occupy newly constructed buildings, admirably adapted 
for library purposes. Hyde Park, which has become a part 
of Boston, has an independent modern building. The West 
End and South End branches occupy quarters in old churches 
which are not well adapted for library purposes, and which, 
owing to their construction, require large expenditures for main- 
tenance and repair. Besides these breuiches there have been 


established since 1 894, the Upham's Corper, Broadway Exten- 
sion, Warren Street, Roxbury Crossing, Boylston Station, Orient 
Heights, City Point, Parker Hill, Andrew Square and Faneuil 
Reading Rooms, and the Codman Square and Upham's Comer 
Reading Rooms have been made branches with enlarged service. 

The mere maintenance and working of this system require a 
constantly increasing amount of money. This year the estimates 
of the Trustees for the necessary maintenance of the Library are 
$4 1 7,688 and in addition we have stated that we require a sum 
of $ 1 0,000 for increase in wages. The rooms occupied by the 
branch deposit station at the Central Library, and for the shipping 
of books from the Central building to the branches, are very in- 
adequate, not to say unsanitary. Every increase in the branch 
circulation and in the circulation through the branches brings 
more work upon the Branch Department at the Central Library. 
More room and better room must be provided if the department 
is to continue to perform its needed service. 

We need more duplicates of books for the branches. During 
the past year we spent $10,000 for such books, as heretofore 
stated, and we should spend an equal amount each year for books 
of a similar character to meet the legitimate demand through the 
branches. The maintenance and repair of our buildings con- 
stantly increases. The West End Branch, for instance, should 
have several thousand dollars spent upon it now to put it in such 
condition as its importance and the credit of the City demands. 
The South Boston Branch needs a new independent library 
building and the Roslindale Reading Room should be made a 
branch with suitable quarters. 

The work of every branch in a new building necessarily and 
properly increases. For instance, the Broadway Extension 
Reading Room will doubtless necessarily double its work within a 
short time after it is housed in the new Municipal Building. We 
also need money for an increase in salaries, especially in some 
grades in the Library where better work is demanded than can 
be afforded within the means now at our disposal, and we much 
need the means to establish a retirement fund for employees in 


our service. The boilers in the Central Library and in some of 
the branches are approaching the limit of their life, and those in 
the Central Library should be removed from their present location 
for other reasons. 

We should still further extend our work in connection with 
the schools. We have done much in this direction. Ten years 
ago sixty-two schools only were regularly supplied with books, 
and to these only 14,713 volumes were sent in the year, while 
now v/e send about 35,000 volumes to 155 public and parochial 
schools each year. Again, we should do more than we have 
been able to do with the means at our command to furnish books 
for reading by immigrants who are coming in large numbers to 
our city. This is an important educational agency underlying 
citizenship and its power and resources should be increased. 
The use of books for the purpose of study by scholars and students 
is very important. During twelve months more than 1 50 classes 
and study clubs are cared for at the Central Library alone, with 
an attendance of at least 1 500 persons. The University Exten- 
sion Conferences for the instruction of earnest students whose 
means do not permit them to take a college course, bring together 
in the Library more than 1 000 persons annually. All this work, 
much of which has recently developed and all of which is most 
valuable, requires reservations of books and multiplication of 
copies of books. Then, there are other special demands upon 
the Library, all the effect of various popular educational move- 
ments, such as the numerous study classes in connection with 
women's clubs, evening school work, the constant effort to pro- 
mote vocational efficiency, and the opportunities freely offered 
for instruction in this centre of educational activity which increase 
the legitimate demands upon the Public Library. In fact all 
these popular agencies may be said to turn upon the Library 
as an educational centre. They properly rely to an increasing 
extent upon the Library for literary material, and the effect of 
the direct work of the Library itself as a promoter of the use of 
books is cumulative year by year. This must be if the Library is 
to fill its proper place in the life of Boston. It is, primarily, for 
this that the Library is maintained. 


This brings to the Trustees and to the City Government a 
very important question which is, whether the Library shall 
extend its plant by the establishment of new reading rooms, 
or shall for the present at least improve the plant we have, 
and so serve the public better with the facilities they now 
enjoy. Shall we plough the library field of the city wider, or 
deeper? This question cannot be approached from the point 
of any merely local interest. We must consider the whole field, 
and what we do must be for the benefit of the Library as a 
s])siem. This is necessarily so, for the amount of money which 
may be appropriated for the Library out of the tax levy is not only 
limited by the tax rate of the city and by the valuation of the 
property of the city, but also by the increasing demands of other 
much larger departments, — Streets, Hospital, Police, Schools, 
Water and Sewage, Lighting, and their wants must be first 
met. They are necessary departments, and must be kept 
efficient for the good order and health of the city. When they 
are supplied, the remainder of the amount that can be divided 
out of the tax levy must be apportioned among the other depart- 
ments, including the Library, and there is very little left which 
will allow an increase in the Library appropriation of more than 
is required properly to maintain the present plant and work it 

The branch library system now costs $140,000 as against 
$42,355.51 in 1894, and there is no municipal library system 
which is more highly developed or more completely equipped to 
reach all the people, than is the Boston Public Library. All the 
residents of the city except in a very few instances, are brought 
within at least a mile of a Library distribution point, and in 
some parts of the city this distance is much reduced. Within 
a few years four additional reading rooms have been established, 
and yet there are constant requests to the City Government and 
the Trustees for the establishment of new reading rooms. Three 
additional requests have reached the Trustees during the present 
year, by orders from the City Council, supported by petitions and 
communications sent directly to the Trustees. Informal requests 
have come from two other sections of the city. Every such 


request, if granted, leads to agitation for similar action in other 

Reading rooms must be opened by special appropriation from 
the City Government, but when once opened they must be main- 
tained out of the regular annual appropriation, and the expense 
for service, books, transportation, rent, light, heat and care is 
thus constantly enlarged. To increase the number of reading 
rooms without at the same time enlarging our financial resources, 
is simply to place burdens upon the existing system. If only a 
given amount of money is available for books or service, and 
the number of places where books must be kept or service ren- 
dered is increased, then every pre-existing place must bear its 
share of the diminished expenditure in order that the new reading 
room may be supplied. AX'Tiat the Library needs for the present, 
and from the point of economy and efficient administration, is 
enlarged equipment to make more effective the operation of its 
present agencies of public service, rather than the establishment 
of new agencies. 


The total expenses of the Library out of the tax levy in 1 894 
were $167,000, and in 1914, $400,000, and the Library has 
received no transfers as additions to its annual appropriations. 
The Library appropriation constituted about 1 .25 per cent of the 
entire approriations made by the City in 1 894, and about 1 .87 
per cent in 1914. Thus the proportion of city appropriations 
devoted to the Library increased only about sixty-two hundredths 
of one per cent during the twenty years. 


The Trust funds in 1894 amounted to $197,850, which 
produced an income of $8,692. Now, the Trust funds, all 
invested in City bonds, amount to $504,867, and produce an 
income of about $18,250. 

The Central Library building cost $2,756,384 

The North End Branch cost 86,000 

The Jeimaica Plain Branch cost 33,000 

The Charleslown Branch cost ........ 71,400 


The East Boston Branch cost .... ... 93,600 


The Library building on Boylston Street was sold in 1 899 by 
the Trustees for $850,000 and the net proceeds paid into the sink- 
ing fund at that time. Hie land on which that building stood 
cost the City in 1857, $116,582.76, and the building cost 
$247,051.07, making the total cost $363,633.83. The build- 
ing was worn out and not worth the cost of removal, so that the 
$1 16,582.76 had increased to $850,000 at the time the property 
was sold by the Trustees. The sinking fund to which the 
money received for the site of the old building was paid is 
now $430,336.37, and by its annual increase will be sufficient 
to retire the bonds v/hich were issued for the cost of the Central 
Library building. The amount of such bonds now outstanding 
is $532,500. The payment to the sinking fund, or serially, for 
the retirement of the bonds issued for the branch buildings above 
named, is $9,803 per year, and in a comparatively short space 
of time these properties will also be thus paid for. 


An annual inventory is made, at the end of each year, of the 
personal property of the Library, except books and other material 
shown on the catalogue or included in the catalogue shelf list. 


As required by the City Ordinance, we appointed an Examin- 
ing Committee for this year, and joined the President of the Li- 
brary Board with it, as Chairman. Those who were appointed 
and who have served as members of the Committee are as 
follows : 

Mr. Horace G. Allen. Mr. M. A. DeWolfe Howe. 

Dr. J. Bapst Blake. Dr. George A. McEvoy. 

Mrs. Elisha S. Roland. Mr. William L. McKee. 

Mrs. Augustine J. Bulger. Rev. Timothy J. Mahoney. 

Mrs. George S. Burgess. Rev. Lemuel H. Murlin. 

Rev. Edwin H. Byington. Hon. Michael J. Murray. 

Mr. Arthur B. Chapin. Mr. Hugh Nawn. 

Mr. John S. Flanagan. Miss Annie Endicott Nourse. 

Mrs. James A. Gallivan. Miss Anne M. Paul. 


Dr. Melville F. Rogers. Rev. Philo W. Sprague. 

Mr. John J. Sheehan. Rev. Joseph V. Tracy. 

Miss Zilpha D. Smith. Mr. Otto A. Wehrle. 

To enable this Committee to perform its duties with con- 
venience and efficiency the following sub-committees were ap- 
pointed : 


This Committee considered the administration of the Library, its work- 
ing as an entire system, including the Central Library and all branches 
and reading-room stations, and, in connection with this, its financial 
management, including the sources from which its revenue is derived, and 
the manner in which it is expended. Its members were: 

Mr. Allen, Chairman. 

Mr. Nawn, Mr. Chapin. 

Mr. Murray. 


This Committee gave attention to all matters connected with the acqui- 
sition and use of books and other library material, in the Central Library 
and branches. Its members were: 

Mr. Howe, Chairman. 
Mrs. Burgess. Rev. L. H. Murlin. 

fine arts and music. 

This Committee gave attention to these Departments, including the 
circulation of pictures from the Central Library and branches. Its 
members were: 

Dr. Blake, Chairman. 
Miss Nourse. Miss Paul. 

printing and binding. 

This Committee examined and considered all matters connected with 
the Departments of Printing and Binding, with special attention to the 
expenses of the Departments and the products of each of them. Its 
members were: 

Mr. McKee, Chairman. Mr. Wehrle. 



It was thought best to divide the branches and reading-room stations 
into groups in different parts of the City, and appoint a Committee to 
examine and report with regard to each group. These groups and the 
several Committees thus appointed were as follows: 


Rev. T. J. Mahoney, Chairman. 
Dr. McEvoy. Mrs. Boland. 


Mr. Flanagan, Chairman. 
Rev. p. W. Sprague. Mrs. Bulger. 




Rev. J. V. Tracy, Chairman. 
Rev. E. H. Byington. Mr. Murray. 




Mr. Sheehan, Chairman. 
Miss Smith. Dr. Rogers. 


Mr. Allen, Chairman. 
Mr. Wehrle. Miss Smith. 

children's department and work with schools. 

This Committee gave special attention to the work which the Library 
is doing for children, and also to what it is doing in connection with the 
schools, with regard not only to the way in which the work is done, but 
also as to its extension and its limitation. Its members were: 

Dr. Blake, Chairman. 
Mrs. Burgess. Mrs. Gallivan. 

general committee. 

For the purpose of receiving the reports of the work of the various other 
sub -committees, and preparing a draft report of the Examining Committee 


to be considered by it in a meeting of all its members, and for any other 
general purpose connected with the examination of the Library system, a 
sub-committee, called the General Committee was appointed. Its members 

Rev. L. H. Murlin, Chairman. 
Mr. Howe. Mr. McKee. 

The report of the Committee is hereto annexed and included as 
part of this report. 


The Trustees have held regular weekly meetings at the Central 
Library, at which all expenses have been authorized and the other 
affairs of the Library considered and dealt with. One or more 
of them have also visited the different branches and reading 
rooms, and given attention to the repair and construction of the 
buildings. The business of the Library has been done without 
friction, and, as we think, very well, during the year. This 
has been in a large degree due to the efficient and loyal service 
of the Librarian and heads of departments, and other persons in 
our employ. Without this the library work could not have 
proceeded as efficiently as it has. We are glad to commend all 
persons in our employ for the substantially uniform excellence of 
their work. 

JosiAH H. Benton, 
William F. Kenney, 
Samuel Carr, 
Alexander Mann, 
John A. Brett. 



Central Library and Branches: 
To expenditures for salaries — 

General administration $204,748.05 

Sunday and evening force 27,642.19 

James L. Whitney bibliographic account 

To expenditures for books — 
From City appropriation . 
Trust funds income . . . , 

Carnegie gift, Galatea collection 
Sullivan bequest . . . , 

To general expenditures — 

Newspapers from Todd fund income 
Periodicals .... 

Furniture and fixtures . 
Gas . ..... 

Electric lighting 

Cleaning ..... 

Small supplies .... 

Ice ...... 

Stationery .... 

Rents ..... 


Repairs . . • . 

Freights and cartage . 

Transportation between Central and Brand 

Telephone service 

Postage and telegrams 

Typewriting .... 

Travelling expenses (including street 

library service) 
Grounds ..... 
Lecture account (including lantern 

operator) .... 
Miscellaneous expense 

Printing Department: 

To expenditures for salaries 

To general expenditures — 


Equipment ....... 

Electric light and power ..... 

Contract work 


Freights and cartage 

Insurance ........ 

Gas ......... 


Small supplies, ice, repairs, furniture and fixtures 


carfares on 






























Carried forward . 




By City Appropriation. 1914-15 .... $400,000.00 

Income from Trust funds ..... 18,974.86 

Income from Jeimes L. Whitney bibliographic account 700.00 

Interest on deposit (London) ..... 155.46 

Payments received for lost books .... 426.36 

Sullivan bequest 459.80 

By Balances brought forward, February 1, 1914: 

Trust funds income on deposit in London . . . 6,950.24 

City appropriation on deposit in London . . . 2,005.16 

Trust funds income, City Treasury .... 12,455.15 

Carnegie gift for Galatea collection .... 279.79 

James L. Whitney bibliographic account . . 2,314.79 




Curried forward 




Brought forii>ard $380,327.50 

Binding Department: 

To expenditures for salaries . , . . . $28,612.88 

To general expenditures — 

Stock 4,223.06 

Electric light and power ..... 125.95 

Contract work 107.87 

Reiit 1.350.00 

Freight and cartage ...... 696.66 

Insurance ......•• 170.08 

Gas 56.01 

Cleaning . . 163.15 

Small supplies, ice, furniture and fixtures . . 69.01 


To Amount Paid into City Treasury: 
From fines ..... 
Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists 
Commission on telephone stations 
Sale of waste paper 
Money found in Library 
Sale of paper towels (slot machine) 
Interest on bank deposit . 



To Balance, January 31, 1915: 

Trust funds income on deposit in London 
City appropriation on deposit in London . 
Trust funds income balance. City Treasury 
Carnegie gift for Galatea collection . 
James L. Whitney bibliographic account . 
Interest on deposit in London . 











Brought forward . 
By Receipts: 

From fines ..... 

Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists 

Commission on telephone stations 

Sale of waste paper 

Money found in Library 

Sale of paper towels (slot machine) 

Interest on bank deposit . 








To THE Trustees of the Public Library of the 
City of Boston : 


We beg to transmit through you to the City Government the 
Report of the Examining Committee appointed by you according 
to ordinance. 

The Committee on Administration and Finance went through 
every department of the Central Library, visited the various 
branches, many of the reading rooms, the printing office and 

TTie capacity of the Central Library must necessarily be 
increased in order that proper space may be given to the constant 
accumulation of books intended for circulation, reference or 
storage, and for files of newspapers. Moreover the space de- 
voted to the Branch Department Headquarters is very inad- 
equate, poorly lighted and illy-ventilated. It is in the basement 
which was intended, and should be used, for other purposes. 
Here are kept the books — more than 40,000 — that are sent out 
for deposit at schools and institutions. Here also is received and 
distributed the large number of books sent out daily from the 
Central Library to the various branches. It is the very heart 
of all the work done by the Library System for service outside 
of the Central building in Copley Square. This work has 
greatly increased in recent years and severely taxes the space 
now used ; it will unavoidably continue to grow, and the present 
crowded and inadequate condition will become still more serious 
every day. Something should be done and that speedily, to 
acquire suitably located property for the erection of a building 


to contain the boiler plant of the main library, the branch deposit 
station, the bindery, printing office, paint shop, carpenter shop, 
and suitable quarters for the storing of books and files of old 
newspapers and periodicals, so that the same could be speedily 
examined upon request at the Central Library. 

A beginning also should be made upon the substitution of 
steel stacks for wooden ones with which the main building is 
equipped. This substitution could be made from time to time 
without interference with the work of the Library and would 
greatly increase the shelf capacity and reduce the fire risk; and 
if a portion were done each year the annual requirement would 
be small. 

The branch libraries are, in the main, well fitted to accomplish 
the results intended. Some of them are modem buildings. The 
branches in Dorchester and West Roxbury, however, seem in- 
adequate for the proper performance of their work. We recom- 
mend that a new and modern building be provided for South 
Boston. The present building, poorly located, poorly arranged, 
poorly equipped and wholly unadapted to the needs of the 
community, was occupied by the Branch forty-three years ago 
and is totally inadequate for the accommodation of this large and 
growing section. This need has long been recognized. 

The attendants are courteous, intelligent and interested in their 
work. They have to deal with persons unfamiliar with the 
resources and use of libraries, with the young and the illiterate; 
but so far as observed they have been found able and willing to 
furnish all reasonable assistance. The reports of the various 
sub-committees invariably makes appreciative reference to the 
work of the custodians of these libraries, and their assistants: 
here is one sample: — 

It is pleasant to report the excellent working spirit of the several cus- 
todians and assistants, all of whom seem eager to do all in their power to 
render these libraries as serviceable as possible to those for whom they 
are established. 

As the expenses are mainly met by annual appropriation of 
the City of Boston, and the expenditures are audited by the 
auditing department of the City, this Committee did not deem 


it necessary to make any separate examination of the financial 
side. From our observation of the working of the Library the 
Committee believes the expenditures to be wisely made and there 
seem to be suitable checks to prevent improper expenditures. 

The Trustees administer the finances with such care that they 
have never asked for appropriations to meet deficiencies; when 
we consider the quality of the service rendered, as well as the 
enormous amount of it, the Trustees are extremely modest in 
their requests for appropriations. 

For the present population of Boston, the Library must neces- 
sarily enlarge its work since there are urgent calls for better 
housing, equipment, and wider service. This is inevitable as the 
Library accomplishes its purpose and the public becomes better 
acquainted with the resources of the Library and how to use 
them. Then the population is ever growing larger, thus making 
increasing demands upon the Library. We must also remember 
that we have, not one library, but thirty libraries, with a vast 
amount of other work done through our circulating libraries and 
deposit stations in 155 public and parochial schools, 62 engine 
houses, and 38 other institutions. Our very success creates new 
demands and justifies appropriations even more generous than 
have been granted in the past. 

Moreover, for many years attention has been called by the 
Excimining Committees to the fact that salaries here are lower 
than in any other department of the City; certainly no depart- 
ment is more vital to the welfare of the City ; and no department 
requires a more intelligent, better-trained, or more effiicient corps ; 
and as the service of the Library enlarges the number of workers 
must be enlarged. The increased cost of living also must be 
taken into consideration. We note that the Trustees have given 
and are now giving careful attention to these important matters; 
but they can do nothing until their appropriations are much larger. 

We therefore earnestly recommend to the City Government 
that the grant for the coming year should be made larger than 
the budget asked by the Trustees, by a sum sufficient to permit a 
reasonable increase in salaries. 


The Committee on Books appointed to "give attention to all 
matters connected with the acquisition and use of books and 
other library material, in the Central Library and branches," 
has looked especially into the systems of ordering and catalogu- 
ing and the public uses of the catalogue, books and periodicals, 
and says: 

Last year your committee touched upon the method of selecting fiction 
with the aid of a Reading Committee of representative citizens. This 
year special inquiry was made into the means for ensuring the adequate 
acquisition of books other than fiction. In all the fields of learning 
certain new books present themselves obviously to the consideration of all 
librarians. But besides these there are many publications necessary to 
such a collection as that of the Boston Public Library, yet likely to be 
overlooked except for constant vigilance. It is found that this danger is 
minimized by the scrutiny of reviews, publishers* and sales catalogues 
by members of the staff equipped with personal knowledge and interest 
in various departments of literature and science. It was asked whether 
a Reading Committee of scholars, perhaps connected with neighboring 
institutions of learning, might not perform a service wnth regard to scientific 
and scholarly books corresponding to that of the Reading Committee in 
the field of fiction. The possibilities in this regard, it was found, are 
constantly tested through the requests for new books made by readers 
among the general public. It is rarely the case that a book thus asked 
for has escaped consideration. But every request is carefully heeded, 
and, at least in one instance, it has been proved that a single scholar who 
makes constant use of the Library and is alert with suggestions may render 
great service to the Ordering Department. 

One of the most important pieces of work that has gone through the 
hands of this department during the past year has been the purchase of 
duplicate copies of standard books for the branch libraries, at the cost 
of $10,000. While such commendable improvements are going forward, 
however, it is not to be forgotten that the Boston Public Library is the 
resort of scholars who turn to its collections as the students of a university 
to any portion of its equipment. The number of those who use it through- 
out the year is appreciably increased during the vacation seasons by scholars 
from a distance who come to Boston for the pursuit of their many special 

The needs of scholars must be met by the continuous purchase of purely 
scholarly books. If they are not bought at the time of their publication, 
it is often difficult to acquire them later, and damaging gaps in the material 
for research occur. Valuable, therefore, as the enrichment of branch 
libraries with standard books unquestionably is, it is equally important 
that the appropriations should permit the purchase of the widest possible 


variety of scholarly works, whether in serial or other form. The price 
of becoming a library of the first importance both to the many and to 
the few is that this position must be maintained. 

The work of the Cataloguing Department, highly technical and minute 
in its nature, was carefully explained to your committee, and seemed 
admirably adapted to its object — which is that of a key, serviceable 
alike to the skilled and unskilled user of the Library, for opening the 
doors to its treasures. New books acquired in a steady flow must be 
rendered quickly and intelligibly accessible by the preparation and printing 
of new cards. Not only that: the old cards must be kept in cleanliness 
and order. It was interesting to learn that the cards referring to Shake- 
speare, Browning, Dumas, Arithmetic, Polish and Russian literature 
are among those most frequently requiring renewal because they are soiled 
and damaged by constant use. Still another requisition for new cards 
is found in the recataloguing of the books Hsted in the old printed Index 
and Supplement, which is going forward at the rate of about 1 0,000 titles 
a year. With regard to the cataloguing and shelving of new books, it 
is to be noted that difficulties arise with the unpredictable demand for 
books on a given subject. The present European War is a case in point. 
When such a subject comes forward, new provisions for space are required, 
and new dispositions of shelving room must be made. Through the rer 
arrangement of books in the stacks during the past year much space has 
been gained. 

In the Periodical and Newspaper Rooms, used to the point of frequent 
over-crowding, some of the most puzzling problems of administration arise. 
For the reason that the users of these rooms have direct access to all the 
current numbers of perioicals, and need apply to attendants only for the 
bound volumes, there can be little supervision of the use of public property. 
There is frequent carelessness in returning periodicals to the places from 
which they are taken, and — what is worse — in putting them in the 
wrong places. This can be, and is, corrected by constant work on the 
part of the attendants. What they cannot make good is the mutilation 
of periodicals by readers who take a fancy to certain illustrations or articles, 
and cut them out. This selfish vandalism appears often to be the work 
of students in schools and colleges to whom certain subjects for investi- 
gation have been assigned. The labor of copying is saved by knife or 
scissors, furtively employed without regard to the rights of the public and 
the Library. The attendants do their best to prevent these outrages, but 
the periodicals and the readers are so numerous that many offenses escape 
detection until the results are irreparable. Unfortunately, such practices 
are not confined to the Periodical and Newspaper Rooms. In Bates 
Hall where a reference library of great value is accessible to all comers, 
abuses of public privilege are sometimes committed. 


Your committee presents these discouraging facts not in criticism 
of the Library attendants, who are fully alive to the wrongs that are done 
and are making every effort to guard against them; but because it is felt 
that the public in whose interest our examiriation is made should know 
what a few of its members are doing. The evil can be corrected only 
by a strengthening of public sentiment that shall extend into the darkest 
corners. If the newspapers and teachers in public schools and colleges 
can exert an effective influence in this regard, they vsrill benefit the entire 
community. It is the public, and not the Library, that needs to be en- 
lightened and reformed. 

We have no suggestions to offer towards improving the system under 
which "the acquisition and use" of the materials of the Library are 
managed. It represents the development of many decades, the fruit of 
much experience, and seems excellently suited to its purpose. 

The Committee on Fine Arts and Music says: 

The Department of Fine and Applied Arts has sufficient room for 
some years to come, provided the deposits from other departments now 
stored here are removed to appropriate storage rooms. 

The use of this department has increased greatly in the last ten years, 
while the number of its employees remains practically the same ; the present 
European War has enormously stimulated the public interest in art; the 
demands upon the Library for the valuable material that this department 
has will certainly continue to increase; there is a large number of photo- 
graphs now on hand not yet catalogued, and waiting to be put into circu- 
lation; in view of these considerations, the committee commends most 
heartily the plans now under way to increase the number of the personnel 
of the department. 

The department needs greater facilities for storing and handHng lantern 
slides. A large number, now on hand, need cataloguing. This is a 
growing and valuable source of education, and more adequate means of 
supplying the demands of the public in this regard will make the Library 
more useful. 

We are pleased to note the large circulation of art material, among 
the public schools through requisitions made therefor by the branch li- 
braries. We wish to inquire whether it would be advisable to increase 
the collections of art material in the various branches. They are in close 
touch with the schools. The needs of the various locaHties differ widely. 
Some branches can use to advantage art material that it would not be 
worth while for the Central Library to handle ; often the value to a teacher 
of certain material is largely dependent upon its instant use for illustration, 
a value which is lost if the material is not found at the branch and whose 
use must be delayed until brought from the Central Library. 


The Committee on Printing and Binding made an examination 
of the premises, and of the mode in which this portion of the 
Library work is conducted, and says: 

We found both departments to be in charge of men who appeared to 
be well fitted for their work; the premises and machinery were in good 
condition; the workmen were busy, and the work was being prosecuted 
with despatch. 

We found also that the system of transferring books from and to the 
Central Library, the method of keeping a record of such transfers, and 
the manner in which stock is purchased for both departments, were all 
such as would be approved by the managers of a modern business house 
doing business in a similar line. 

We congratulate the Trustees of the Library on the efficiency with 
which this portion of the business of the Library is conducted. 

Branch Libraries: The committees appointed to visit the 
branch libraries have evidently done their work with great care. 
Many valuable suggestions are made as to the details of manage- 
ment. Their reports indicate, in the main, a conscientious and 
efficient management of these branches. Many suggestions are 
made as to better housing and care of some of these branches and 
reading rooms. These original reports are referred to the Trus- 
tees with a request that they give careful attention to the important 
details there discussed; but we believe they need not be matters 
of record here. We submit extracts from several reports illus- 
trative of the work of these sub-committees: 

The Library Trustees are to be congratulated upon the successful 
administration of the East Boston and Charlestown Branches, both of 
which are now adequately housed in modern library buildings. The 
attendants report a satisfying and gratifying increase of users of the library 
facilities both in the number of books circulated and in the use of the 
reading rooms, largely due to the central and accessible locations of the 
buildings. These facilities are fully equal to the growing demand, and 
there is a general feeling of contentment among the attendants that augurs 
well for the future. 

No criticism can be made of the North End Branch. It is a modem 
building admirably equipped and administered for the purpose. The West 
End Branch is entirely different. It is located in an old church and not 
conveniently arranged for use by adults and children. It needs to be 
repaired and its walls and ceilings refreshened by painting and whitening. 
This Branch is used very largely by Jewish people and the present supply 
of books for their use is inadequate, although with its present equipment 


its circulation last month exceeded 1 2,000 volumes. The custodian and 
her immediate assistants seem to be competent and obliging and make every 
effort to properly perform their duties under adverse circumstances. 

The City Point Reading Room was removed last Spring to the new 
Municipal Building where its work is now carried on under almost ideal 
conditions. The lighting fixtures, however, could be improved by shades 
which would concentrate and throw down the light instead of diffusing 
it. More books and illustrated papers are called for there. It is interest- 
ing to note that many pupils from the South Boston High School go to 
this Reading Room to prepare their lessons and consult reference books. 

The Broadway Extension Reading Room has not been moved to its 
new quarters in the Tyler Street Municipal Building owing to the failure 
of the City to provide the furniture. It is expected that ah appropriation 
will be forthcoming early in the new year and the removal be made. The 
custodian asks for more books in Arabic, Russian, modern Greek and 

The South End Branch is in a very satisfactory condition as a whole, 
but we again urge the need of lowering and shading the lights over the 
tables in the upper reading room. The walls and ceilings are sadly in 
need of whitening or re-frescoing. It is suggested that the Trustees con- 
sider the feasibility of providing stereopticon or lantern slide pictures for 
this Branch. 

Attention should be given too, to the needs of the Allston— Brighton 
Branch where a little paint, furniture and equipment will greatly augment 
the efficiency of the service. 

The recently opened reading room at Andrew Square fills a very 
great need and is a boon to the people of that district. In order to inform 
them of this new provision for their enjoyment it was suggested that the 
custodian ask various clergymen, who might drop in, to speak to their 
parishioners and advise them to avail themselves of the privileges of the 
Reading Room which the City had freely provided. This proved to be a 
practical and effective way of spreading the desired information. There 
is a call for books in the Polish language at this station and the custodian 
is taking steps to secure an approved list. Here, as elsewhere, there 
should be more illustrated papers for casual readers whose Hterary tastes 
are in making, and who are not yet ready for more substantial fare. 

A glance at the map shows that the West Roxbury Branch covers a 
larger territory than almost any of the other Branches; that it is being 
developed by building movements in many sections. Adequate head- 
quarters in a separate library building should be supplied, the present 
accomodations utterly failing to meet the heeds of this situation. A 
similar situation presents itself in Dorchester. Very evidently these two 
Centers will require new buildings in the very near future. 


While most of the branches and reading rooms are a real credit to the 
City of Boston and its intellectual standards, the member of the Examining 
Committee who visited the Roslindale Reading Room felt that it had been 
neglected. The circulation is larger than at some of the branches, although 
the force is smaller and overworked. It should be made into a branch, 
which is open more hours in the day, the present custodian should be given 
double her present number of assistants, and adequate payment should 
be made for janitor service. Immediate attention and reinforcement are 
deserved here. 

Several valuable suggestions are made in detail with reference 
to other branches and reading rooms, all of which are referred to 
the Trustees for their careful consideration. Another report sub- 
mitted to the Trustees for special consideration, but not incor- 
porated in this general survey of the field, is that of one member 
of the Committee on Breinch Libraries who pointed out in detail 
the difficulty of securing and retaining, on the salaries paid, at- 
tendants of the general equipment required for their important 
work. The matters therein touched upon have an economic and 
human bearing which calls for thoughtful investigation and sym- 
pathetic action by the Trustees. 

The Committee on the Children's Department and Tvork Ti>ith 
Schools found little to criticise and very much to praise. The 
following forms of service greatly impressed them: the room at 
the Central Library, with corresponding accomodations at each 
branch; books and pictures sent to the schools; the story-telling 
hour; the talks and lectures to teachers and to parents. The 
Report continues: 

This is, indeed, a broad department of great importance — one which 
comes into contact with an enormous number of individuals, most of them 
at the most receptive period of their lives. Its organization is compact 
and surprisingly small, and its work is accomplished by the familiar method 
of intensive coordinated effort.. 

It is obvious that the relation of this department to the schools, and 
the scope of this work, its iticrease and its limits, are entirely beyond 
adequate consideration by this committee. It would seem fair to say, 
however, that the Library should not enter the definite field of direct school 
education, by actually supplying libraries or text books to schools or scholars, 
but should limit its efforts to collateral reading and to illustrations which 
amplify and illuminate the prescribed work in the class room. This may 
seem self-evident. A little examination, however, will show that this 


general statement fails to define just what the Library should, or should 
not, do in all cases in its work with the schools. But in principle we are 
convinced that this statement of the respective functions of the Library and 
the schools is correct. 

At present the balance is fairly well maintained, but the tendency is 
that the Library is asked to undertake more and more, work which should 
in the last analysis, be part of the functions of the Boston schools. 

The Committee is conscious of the fact that this report, con- 
structed from the separate statements of many sub-committees, 
must convey an impression of details rather than of that largeness 
which should characterize a total view of the Library of the 
City of Boston. The Library, viewed as something broader and 
deeper than the portions of which it is made, the minutiae of 
administration, the daily problems of one or another of its many 
departments, is a great educational, recreative and stimulating 
force without which our City of Boston would not be what it is. 
What it contributes to the life of the city — the true life measured 
in terms of mind and spirit — cannot be stated in formal words. 
In the recognition of this force, in the strengthening of its energy 
by all possible means, lies much of the hope of that still better 
and richer city which the present may bequeath to future genera- 

Adopted, by unanimous vote, at a meeting of the entire 
Committee, Monday, January 4, 1915. 

Della Jean Deery, 



To the Board of Trustees: 

I respectfully submit my report for the year ending January 
31. 1915. 


The Steam Plant, at the Central Library, is in excellent con- 
dition, and no repairs of importance have been required on the 
engines. One of the dynamos, after many years in operation, 
developed defects in the commutator, which, after painstaking 
search, were located and remedied. The fire boxes connected 
with the three boilers have been re-lined, and on two boilers the 
side walls of the setting have been rebuilt up to the lugs. Minor 
repairs, as usual, have been required on the steam pipe system, 
on the pumps, and on the elevators. 

As far as possible, within the limit of money available for the 
purpose, various branch buildings have been repainted, the new 
shelving and other new furniture needed on account of the con- 
stantly expanding requirements of the service have been provided, 
and more than fifty framed pictures have been hung in the 
branches and reading-rooms during the year. Many of the 
pictures were large photographs of Alpine subjects presented to 
the Library by Mr. Benton. 

Hie Warren Street Reading Room has been enlarged by 
taking an additional room and removing the partition between 
it and the room previously occupied. The improvements were 
made by the landlord, and the re-construction has virtually 
doubled the floor area, enabling us to provide tables for addi- 


tional readers, as well as enlarged shelf capacity for books. En- 
tirely new equipment has been installed in the new reading-rooms 
at Andrew Square, South Boston; and at 100 Brooks Street, 
Faneuil; and both of these rooms were opened to public use 
early in March. 

In the Allen A. Brown Music Room at the Central Library 
two large cases have been added to the fittings, placed so as to be 
supplemented by others as required, until the limit of the shelf 
capacity of the room is reached. 


The circulation of books during the year, for use outside 
the buildings, usually termed "home use" circulation, numbers 
2,012,589 volumes. For the preceding year the total number 
was 1 ,848,973. This circulation not only shows a considerable 
increase for the year, but it is the largest ever recorded. 

The statistical tables, which follow, present the details of 
circulation. They are based on the annual report of Mr. Frank 
C. Blaisdell, Chief of the Issue Department at the Central Li- 
brary, and so far as they relate to the branches, upon the reports 
of the custodians, made every month : 











February, 1914 . 










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January. 1915 . 





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The figures are condensed into the following: 

Boolis lent for Home Use, including Circulation through Schools and Institutions. 

From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through the 

branches and reading-room stations) ....... 436,093 

From branches and reading-room stations (other than books received from 

Central) 1,576.496 

Total number of volumes lent for home use and through schools and 

institurions 2,012.589 

Comparative. 1913-14. 1914-15. 

Central Library circulation (excluding 
^ schools and institutions) : 

Direct home use . . . . 260.965 274.669 

Through branches and reading-room 

stations for home use . . . 80.120 76.057 

341,085 350.726 

Branch Department circulation (exclud- 
ing schools and institutions): 

Direct home use 

From branch collection; . 852.124 947,870 

From reading-room stations . . 448,224 503,644 

1.300,348 1.451.514 

Schools and institutions circulation: (in- 
cluding books from Central through 

the Branch system) . . 207,540 210.349 

1.848,973 2,012,589 

As noted in previous years, the actual use of the books con- 
tained in the Library is very inadequately shown by these tables. 
The so-called "reference" use, meaning by that term the use of 
books in the numerous reading-rooms, continually increases and 
no doubt much exceeds the recorded use. It is the aim of this 
Library to reduce, as far as possible, the restrictions placed upon 
free access to our collections. Nearly all the books in the 30 
branches are upon open shelves, and a considerable number in 
the Central Library are equally available without formality. 
No record of the number of volumes consulted or read at the 
tables can be conveniently kept. This should be borne in mind 
whenever any attempt is made to estimate the efficiency of the 
Library by statistics of circulation. The detailed statement of 
the various activities of the Special libraries at the Central build- 
ing, and of the use of books in Bates Hall, hereinafter presented 
will give a broader view of the actual work done by the Library 
in behalf of students, scholars engaged in important investiga- 


tions, as well as by general readers. Figures are cold, the human 
element alone is really significant, and the best evidence of the 
value of such a library as ours, is not the mere number of books 
charged against borrowers, but the presence of hundreds of read- 
ers of all ages who may be found constantly in the different rooms 
throughout the system engaged either in serious study or in recrea- 
tive reading. 

The use of books at the branches, large and small, increases. 
Besides the use of the collections kept at the branches, 76,816 
volumes were sent out from the Central Library to fill applications 
made at the branches. This number is not quite so large as in 
the year preceding, chiefly because there is now a larger perma- 
nent collection at one of the branches, and possibly because the 
ready access to the shelves at some of the new branch buildings 
tends, temporarily, to diminish applications for books from the 
Central. During the last months of the year, however, all of the 
branches show increased applications for Central books. Of 
the books sent from the Central through the branches 63 per 
cent was classed as fiction, but this includes imaginative litera- 
ture for young readers, of generally high quality, and much classic 
English fiction for adult readers. Many requests from the 
branches, as well as those made at the Central Library directly, 
are for technical books, in the various industrial fields, for 
scientific treatises, and for other titles which show that they 
are intended for study. The deposit collection of books at the 
Central Library has been drawn upon for 42,039 volumes sent 
to various institutions, study clubs, etc. The number of places 
supplied upon request in this way was 1 58, as compared with 1 48 
supplied in 1913. We have sent 30,100 unbound periodicals 
(taken out of circulation in various parts of the system) to City 
institutions, and other authorized places, supplying such literature 
for the first time to the Charles Street Jail, and to the Boston 
Seamen's Friend Society. 


Under the Inter-Library loan system with other Hbraries the 
following use of books is shown: 

1913-14. 1914-15. 

Lent to libraries in Massachusetts . . . . . . 1,179 1,163 

Lent to libraries outside of Massachusetts 230 282 

Totals : . . 1,409 1,447 

Applications refused : 

From libraries in Massachusetts 270 184 

From libraries outside of Massachusetts 84 76 

Totals 354 260 

Borrowed from other libraries 22 38 

The classified "home use" circulation of the branches (reading- 
room stations not included) is as follows, for two successive 

years : 

1913-14 1914-15 

Percentages, percentages. 

Fiction for adults ........ 32.1 31.6 

Fiction for juvenile readers ...... 38.0 39.2 

Non-fiction for adults 13.4 12.5 

Non-fiction for juvenile readers 16.5 16.7 

100.0 100.0 

At the Central Library the "home use" circulation shows 
the following percentages: 

Fiction 4523 

Non-fiction 54.77 


To the Library System as it existed at the close of the year 
1913-14 there have been added 46,963 volumes, besides 923 
received by purchases on account of Fellowes Athenaeum and 
deposited in the Roxbury Branch under the contract between 
that institution (the owner of the building) whereby the amount 
paid as rent is expended by the landlord for books. The total 
number of volumes thus becomes 47,886. The details as to 
the manner in which they were acquired, arranged so as to permit 


comparison with the preceding year, are shown in the following 

Bool(3 acquired by purchase. 

For the central Library: 1913-14. 1914-15. 

From City appropriation . . . 8,493 13,504 

From Trust Funds income . . 3,367 1,646 

11.860 15.150 

For branches and reading-room stations: 

From City appropriations . . 13,952 21,104 

From Trust Funds income . . . 1,504 1,041 

15.456 22.145 

27,316 37.295 

By Fellowes Athenaeum (for the Roxbury 

Branch) 1.017 923 

Totals 28,333 38.218 

The following statement includes the accessions by purchase 
combined with books Received by gift or otherwise. 


Accessions by purchase (including 923 volumes by 

Fellowes Athenaeum, for Roxbury Branch) . 15,150 23.068 38,218 
Accessions by gift (including 14 volumes through 

Fellowes Athenaeum, for Roxbury Branch) 
Accessions by Statistical Department 
Accessions by exchange .... 

Accessions of periodicals (boimd) . 
Accessions of newspapers (bound) . 

6,312 577 6,889 

438 438 

136 136 

1,734 322 2.056 

149 149 

23.919 23.967 47.886 

Besides the books added to the Library System as it existed 
in the year 1913-14, two new reading-room stations have been 
established under special appropriations, namely at Andrew 
Square (South Boston), and at Faneuil (Brighton). For 
these two stations there have been bought 3,629 volumes. If 
these are combined with the figures in the foregoing tables the 
additions to the system, as now existing, will stand: Central 
Library, 23,919 volumes; branches, 27,596 volumes; total, 

An exceptional purchase of about 10,000 volumes has been 
made of additional copies of books already in the Library, especi- 
ally for circulation through the branches. These additional 


copies have been carefully selected to meet the demand for books 
on various subjects, for which our supply was inadequate. 


TThe volumes of current fiction purchased, including 84 
bought by Fellowes Athenaeum, number 2,223 ; and the replace- 
men of fiction worn out in circulation required the purchase of 
14,066 volumes. 

Besides these, 1 ,92 1 additional copies of recent and standard 
fiction have been bought to meet demand. In all, therefore, of 
current and replaced fiction, 1 8, 1 26 volumes have been bought. 
The volumes of current fiction have cost $2,423.08, and the 
remainder, $13,498.95; in all, $15,922.03; or nearly 27 per 
cent of the expenditures for literary material of every kind, and 
about 32 per cent of the expenditures for books alone (i.e. exclud- 
ing periodicals). 

Of current fiction, 743 different books have been carefully 
considered. This consideration includes reading by different 
members of a volunteer reading committee, personal inspection 
of every book by the Librarian and members of the staff, and 
constant comparison of review notices in the literary periodicals. 
The total number of different books accepted for purchase was 
113, which included, however, 1 7 titles examined in previous 
years but not previously accepted. Of the titl«6 accepted there 
were bought, as previously stated, 2,223 copies. 

The relation to the Library of the volunteer committee which 
reads current fiction has been frequently pointed out. The 
committee is entirely unofficial, and the verdict of its members 
upon a book aims to reflect no more than such an opinion as 
readers of intelligence would form from a careful reading. The 
reports of these readers, since they include a brief synopsis of 
plot, and state briefly how the book impresses them, is of great 
assistance in determining whether or not a book is desirable for 
our purposes. But what these volunteer readers say about a 
book is never conclusive in determining whether or not the book 
shall be bought. Other factors, as mentioned above, are always 


influential and particularly, the amount of money available. 
The selection rests with the Library. During the last year, 
besides the books bought, 261 volumes which we were unable to 
buy were approved by the readers on the committee. 

The members of the Committee include representatives of 
various professions. There are men as well as women among 
them, and persons of literary training are included, although the 
point of view of the average reader is sought, rather than that of 
the trained literary critic. The Committee is not narrow in its 
membership and its composition is not fixed. On the contrary, 
the members are frequently changed. 


The most noteworthy point in connection with the acquisition 
and use of books is the entire inadequacy of the financial re- 
sources of the Library as compared with the wide range of the 
field to be covered. 

It will perhaps surprise even those who use its collections most 
frequently to learn that the amount of money available yearly 
for the purchase of books, from the City appropriation, has 
averaged during the last five years only $26,429. Out of this 
sum have been bought books to replace those worn out or lost 
during use, costing, on the average, $9,089 annually. We must 
also provide for continuations of serial publications (such, for 
example, as the publications of various learned societies) at an 
expense of about $5,500 annually. This has left only $1 1 ,840, 
on the average annually, for the purchase of other new books 
of everij kind. Except for the unusual expenditure this year 
of about $1 0,000 for duplicate copies of books in largest demand 
at the branches, the amount available for books has not increased 
during recent years. But the demand for books on the popular 
side of the Library continually increases. I use the phrase 
"the popular side" meaning thereby the wide use of the Library 
by the people, distinguished from its limited use by specialists. 
This use requires not only books for recreational reading, neces- 
sary in every large library, but it includes the extensive use of the 


Library in popular education, the provision of books in large 
demand through the schools, the large number required by 
students of the various higher institutions of learning of which 
Boston is the centre, various books used by private students 
who wish to enlarge their knowledge but who have never had 
opportunities of school instruction, publications for popular read- 
ing relating to men and affairs, — biography, political economy, 
travel, etc. — and books required in larger and larger num- 
bers by women's clubs, and by study classes of various kinds. 
Many books must be purchased for the Teachers' Reference 
Collection and additional copies are required for the University 
Extension Courses. The use of books on the fine arts, including 
music, needed by students of these subjects, is unlimited and 
constantly enlarging, so that the demand for material of this kind 
alone might well exhaust a larger sum than the entire amount we 
have to spend for books of all kinds. And there are also cer- 
tain special departments of the Library that have always been 
important here, and which require constant additions. Fortun- 
ately, the income from Trust Funds, although part of it is re- 
stricted to books of a certain kind only, is of assistance in respect 
to these departments. The City appropriation is seldom drawn 
upon for buying books which are not in immediate popular 
demand. For example, the purchases of rare examples of 
Americana, or of books of unusual expense generally, are met 
out of Trust Fund income. 

It will be seen at once, that little money remains to establish 
and maintain in completeness special collections which other- 
wise might be perfected, especially in belles lettres, collections 
which a rich public library ought to possess, but which, if used 
at all, are used only by specialists or by small groups of scholars. 
It is inevitable that all branches of literature cannot be com- 
pletely covered on the limited amount which we have at our 
disposal, and that choice must be made within rather narrow 
limits. Not all the rising English poets, for example, can be 
represented, and, frequently, of those whose books appear at 
all, only representative volumes can be bought. Of books 
in the higher ranges of pure literature in French, German, Rus- 


sian and other foreign languages only a limited selection can 
be made. Duplications as a rule must be avoided. If the books 
of a given writer are bought as they appear from time to time, 
the purchase of collected editions must often be deferred on 
account of lack of funds. Obviously, gaps will be found in the 
collections, which under other circumstances would not exist, and 
which to one unacquainted with our limitations seem unexplain- 

A library, limited in this way, although it may deplore the 
necessity, must leave to other and more richly endowed institu- 
tions, — more richly endowed, at least, in proportion to the 
demand, the establishment of exhaustive collections in fields alien 
to its larger constituency. It must leave to libraries which have 
specialized in certain departments of literature and which aim 
to make such departments complete, the responsibility and the 
satisfaction of continuing these distinctive collections; and con- 
fine its own purchases to the representative volumes in largest 
demand in its own territory, so far as that demand can be gauged. 
This can be done with less heart burning now than ever before, 
since the inter-library method of lending often enables a library 
to obtain for the use of its borrowers a book which it has not been 
able to buy, or which it has refrained from buying because some 
other accessible library has it. Every library thus limited must 
also conserve its resources in co-operation with other libraries in 
its vicinity, and thus avoid extensive duplications of purchases 
by institutions only a short distance removed from one another. 

Notwithstanding the limitations under which we have made our 
purchases, as much as possible has been done to make selections 
that would meet the widest demand. If any one fails to find here 
volumes, which he thinks should have been purchased, he may 
bear in mind that to purchase them, other books that someone else 
is, no doubt, using with satisfaction (perhaps some that even he 
himself wants and fortunately is able to find here), could not 
have been bought. 

Having said this, I ought also to add that a library like ours 
should not neglect the real needs of the scholar. It never has 
done so, and our limitations, serious as they are, have not pre- 


vented our retaining a distinctive position, in this respect, among 
the Hbraries in this country. The richness of our collections, 
notwithstanding gaps, is recognized, and may perhaps be indicated 
by the statistics of books borrowed and lent here on the inter- 
library loan plan. These are chiefly books required by students 
or for special research. For example, we lent last year, as shown 
on page 43, 1 ,447 such books on requests from other libraries, 
but found it necessary to borrow only 38. Every summer brings 
to us students (actively engaged in literary and educational 
work), who spend here the vacation period in special literary 
research, because they find here books not otherwise available 
in the United States. 

That the Library might do more, far more, if it had more money 
at its disposal, is true. That it ought to have more money is also 
true, but, after all, a library which cannot buy everything is to be 
judged broadly by what it contains, rather than by the things 
it does not contain. And as to the use of a library by scholars, 
the scholar should be distinguished from the dilettante. 


The report of Miss Theodosia E. Macurdy, Chief of the 
Ordering Department, furnishes the following details as to 
important accessions, virtually all of which have been bought 
from the income of trust funds: 

Prominent among the purchases have been a collection of books chiefly 
in the Spanish language, from the library of the late Edward Strobel, 
consisting of South American literature, political history and international 
law; a collection of books in modern Greek; a collection of English 
Hymnals; a series of large wall maps of France, Germany, Eurasia, 
Europe and the Pacific Ocean ; 242 photostat copies of the Boston News 
Letter from 1 704—1 708 and 1 1 original numbers for the year 1 743; 15 
volumes of the Athenian Gazette, or Casuistical Mercury (London), 
from 1 690 to 1 694, completing the Library file ; Maryland Archives, 
volumes 1 7—34 ; the Annual reports of the New York Zoological Society, 
1-19. 1898-1914; a lithograph of the Old South Church, entitled 
Recruiting in Boston, 1 862 ; the full orchestral scores in manuscript of 
Ponchielli's La Gioconda and Delibes* Lakme; and the following publi- 
cations in 21 volumes of the Bibliophile Society: — 
The Bibliomania, or Book-Madness, 4 v. ; Charles Dickens and Maria 

Beadnall, 1 v. ; Etchings by W, W. Bicknell, after paintings by 


Howard Pyle, 1 v. ; The idylls and epigrams of Theocritus, 3 v. ; 
Henry, the leper, 2 v. ; The odes and epodes of Horace, 9 v. ; Polish 
letters of Jean Paul Marat, I v. 

Among the early American almanacs obtained the following are noted: 

An Almanack of the ccelestial motions, aspects and eclipses, &c, for 
the Year of Christian /Era, 1713.... By Edward Holyoke. 
M.A. . . . Boston: Printed by B. Green, for the Booksellers and 
Sold at their Shops, 1713. 

An Almanack of ccelestial motions and aspects, for the (Dionysian) 
Year of the Christian /Era, 1 7 1 7. . . . By Daniel Travis. Boston: 
Printed by B. Green, for the Booksellers, and sold at their Shops. 
1717. The accession of this almanac gives the Library a consecutive 
file from 1716 to 1723. (The file from 1707 to 1712, with the 
exception of 1708, is also consecutive.) 

An Almanack of the ccelestial motions, aspects and eclipses, &c. For 
the Year, Christian /Era 1718. . . . By Thomas Paine, B.A. Im- 
primatur Samuel Shute. Boston : Printed by T. Crump, for the Book- 
sellers, and Sold at their Shops. 1718. 

The New-England Diary: or. Almanack for the year of our Lord 
Christ 1 736. ... By a Native of New England. . . . Boston, 
in New England, Printed by T. Fleet, for the Booksellers, and sold 
at their Shops. 1 736. . . . This makes the file of Bowen almanacs 
consecutive from 1 723—1 737. Bowen almanacs were published from 

An Astronomical Diary ; or. Almanack for the Year of our Lord, 1757; 
... By George Wheten, Philom. . . . Boston: Printed and sold 
by Edes and Gill, at their Office, next to the Prison in Queen-Street, 

Other accessions of individual importance include: 
Alcalde del Rio, Hermilio, and others. Les cavernes de la region canta- 

brique (Espagne). Monaco. 1911. Illus. Plates. Map. Plans. 

(Peintures et gravures murales des cavernes paleolithiques.) 
Bannister, Henry Marriott, editor. Monumenti Vaticani di paleografia 

musicale latina. Lipsia. 1913. Facsimiles. Music. Atlas, 1 30 

plates. (Codices e Vaticanis selecti phototypice expressi. Vol. 12.) 

A history of the development of mediaeval musical notation. 
Barratt, Thomas J. The annals of Hampstead. London. 1912. 3 v. 

Illus. Portraits. Facsimiles. Maps. 
Begni, E., and others, editors. The Vatican: its history — its treasures. 

New York. (1914.) Illus. Portraits. Maps. Plan. Facsimiles. 
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian. Palace and mosque at Ukhaidir. A study 

in early Mohammadan architecture. Oxford. 1914. Illus. Plates. 

Plans. Maps. Facsimiles. 


Capitan, Louis, and others. La caverne de Font-de-Gaume aux Eyzies 
(Dordogne). Planches et figures par H. Breuil. Monaco. 1910. 
Illus. Plates. Plan. (Peintures et gravures murales des cavernes 

Bullock, Albert E. Grinling Gibbons and his compeers. Illustrated 
by the principal carvings in the churches of Saint James's, Piccadilly, 
and Saint Paul's Cathedral. London. 1914. Illus. 61 plates. 

Catholic Church, The, in the United States of America. Undertaken 
to celebrate the golden jubilee of His Holiness Pope Pius X. Vols. 
1-3. (to be continued). New York. (1912-14.) 3 v. Illus. 
Portraits. Plates. 

Caxton Club Publications. Joutel's Journal of La Salle's last voyage. 
A reprint (page for page and line for line) of the first English trans- 
lation, London, 1714; with the map of the original French edition, 
Paris, 1713, in facsimile; and notes by Melville B. Anderson. Chi- 
cago. 1 896. 

Dreger, Moriz. Josef Fuhrich. Wien. 1912. Text: Portraits. 
Plates, some colored. Facsimiles. Atlas: 60 plates. 

Eyton, Thomas Campbell. Osteologia avium; or, a sketch of the oste- 
ology of birds. (And, Supplement 1 , 2.) London. 1867—75. 3 v. 
in 1. Plates. 

Ffoulkes, Charles John. Decorative ironwork from the Xlth to the 
XVIIIth century. London. (1913.) Illus. Plates. 

Focard, Jacques. Paraphrase de I'astrolabe, contenant: Les principes 
de geometric. La sphere. L'astrolabe, ou, declaration des choses 
celestes. Le rairoir du monde, ou, exposition des parties de la terre. 
A Lyon, par lean de Tovrnes. M.D.XLVI. Illus. Plates. Dia- 
grams. Vignettes. 

Grohman, William Alfred Baillie-. Sport in art. An iconography of 
sport during four hundred years. London. (1913.) Illus., some 
colored. Facsimiles, 

Hunter, Frederick William. Stiegel glass. Illustrated ... by J. B. 
Kerfoot. . . . Boston. 1914. Illus. Plates, some colored. Maps. 
Facsimiles. One of an edition of 420 copies. 

Keats, John. The Keats letters, papers and other relics forming the 
Dilke bequest in the Hampstead Public Library, reproduced in collo- 
type facsimiles, edited by G. C. Williamson. London. 1914. Plates. 

Kingman, Ralph Clarke. New England Georgian architecture: measur- 
ed drawings with full size details. New York. 1913. 55 plates. 

Lauer, Philippe. Le palais de Latran: etude historique et archeologique. 
These pour le doctorat presentee a la Faculte des lettres de Paris. 
Paris. 1911. Illus. Plates. Map. Plans. Facsimiles. 

Le Lieur, Jacques. "Le livre enchaine," ou livre des fontaines de Rouen, 
manuscrit de la Bibliotheque de Rouen, 1524—1525, public integrale- 


ment par Victor Sanson. Rouen. 1911. 2 v. Text: G)at of arms. 
Illuminated initials and borders. Facsimiles. Atlas: 83 plates, 79 

Lydekker, Richard. Animal portraiture, being fifty studies by Wilhelm 
Kuhnert, accompanied by a series of original articles by R. Lydekker. 
London. (1912.) Colored plates. 

Livingston, Luther S. Franklin and his press at Passy. An account of 
the books, pamphlets, and leaflets printed there, including the long-lost 
•Bagatelles.' New York. The Grolier Club. 1914. Illus. Por- 
trait. Facsimiles. 

McKay, William, and W. Roberts. John Hoppner, R. A. New edition, 
with supplement and index. London. 1914. Portraits. Plates. 

Malaguzzi Valeri, Francesco. La corte di Lodovico il Moro. La vita 
privata e I'arte a Milano nella seconda meta del quattrocento. Milano. 
1913. Illus., some colored. Portraits. Facsimiles. 

Melonyav, Dezso. A Magyar nep Muveszete. Budapest. Franklin- 
Tarsulat. 1907-1912. 4 vols. Illus. Plates. Quarto. (Fine 
arts, industrial arts, costume and architecture of Hungary.) 

Mucha, Alphonse. Documents decoratifs. Paris. (1914.) 72 

New England Primer. 1 787. The New-England primer improved, for 
the more easy attaining the true reading of English. To which is 
added, the Assembly of Divine's catechism. Boston: Printed and 
sold by the book-sellers. 1 787. Illus. Portrait. 

New England Primer, enlarged and improved: or, an easy and pleasant 
guide to the art of reading. Adorned with cuts. Also, with the 
catechism. Newburyport. Printed by John Mycall, for John Boyle, 
Marlborough St. , Boston. (1790?) 

Nicholson, Edward Williams Byron. Early Bodleian music. Intro- 
duction to the study of some of the oldest Latin musical manuscripts 
in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. London. 1913. 71 facsimiles. 
(This work forms a complement to Sir John Stainer's Early Bodleian 
music. ) 

Richardson, A. E. Monumental classic architecture in Great Britain 

and Ireland during the eighteenth & nineteenth centuries. London. 

(1914.) Illus. Plates. Plans. 
Rodin, Frangois Auguste. Les cathedrales de France. Introduction par 

Charles Morice. Paris. 1914. 100 plates. 
Smith, Harry Bache. A sentimental library. Comprising books formerly 

owned by famous writers, presentation copies, manuscripts, and drawings. 

Collected and described by Harry B. Smith. Privately printed. 

(New York.) 1914. Portraits. Plates, some colored. Facsimiles. 


Sprengel, Matthias Christian. Ueber den jetzigen nordamerikanischen 
Krieg und dessen Folgen fiir England und Frankreich. Leipzig. 

Steinmann, Ernst. Die Porlraitdarstellungen des Michelangelo. Leipzig. 
1913. Illus. Portraits. 107 plates. (Roemische Forschungen der 
Bibliotheca Hertziana. 3.) No. 9 of an edition of 300 copies. 

Verneuil, P. Encyclopedie artistique et documentaire de la plante. 
Aquarelles de A. Bailly, Colmet d'Age, de Schryver, Habert Dys, 
Vedy, etc. Dessins de Mucha, Meheut, Barberis, etc. . . . Paris. 
(1914.) 4 V. Plates, some colored. 

Willmott, Ellen. The genus Rosa. Drawings by Alfred Parsons. 
London. 1910—14. 2 v. Illus., many colored. 

Zimmermann,. Ernst Albert. Chinesisches Porzellan. Leipzig. 1913. 
Text. Atlas, 1 40 plates, some colored. 3 tables. 


The gifts received during the year, from 3761 donors, numbered 8791 
volumes, 1 6,560 serials, 313 photographs and 81 newspaper subscriptions. 
The foUovsnng list represents the gifts of importance received; except as 
otherwnse noted, the givers are residents of Boston: 

American Book Company. Six volumes of juvenile text-books. 

Andreas, William D., Cambridge. Boston Museum and Park Theatre 
Programmes, 1898—1913, and other material relating to the stage. 

Andrews, Mrs. Judith W., Estate of, through Clement Walker Andrews. 
394 volumes, 154 periodicals, 47 dramas and librettos, also 33 photo- 
graphs and a collection of sheet music. 

Benton, Josiah H. One hundred and eighty-five volumes, three mounted 
photographs and 50 post cards (Swiss views). 

Berlin Photographic Company, New York City. Catalogues of exhibitions 
of paintings, drawings, etc., with introduction and appreciation by 
Martin Birnbaum. 

Bemardy, Miss Amy, and the Italian Consul-General. Forty-five books 
in Italian for the North End Brahch. 

Boston, City of. Assessing Department. 349 volumes giving the value 
of real estate in the City of Boston. 

Boston Art Commission. Sixteen photographs of sculpture. 

Boston Browning Society. Twenty-three volumes for the Browning Col- 

Brackett, Miss Harriet. Sixty volumes, chiefly Italian literature, 33 guide- 
books, 1 4 volumes of music and 48 pieces of sheet music. For North 
End Branch. 

British Museum. Coptic Martyrdoms, etc., in the dialect of Upper Egypt. 
Coptic Apocrypha in the dialect of Upper Egypt. 


Catalogue of the Cuneiform tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection — 
Supplement by L. W. King. 

The Book of the Dead — Facsimiles of the Papyri of Hunefer, Anhai, 
Kerasher, etc. Transcripts and translations by E. A. Wallis Bud^e. 

Brown, Allen A. 171 volumes of music, 4 1 programmes, 4 photographs, 
23 volumes for the Brown Dramatic Collection and $50. in part pay- 
ment of two Opera Scores. 

Brown, Arthur K. Four volumes of portraits of musicians, collected and 
mounted by Mr. Brown for the Brown Dramatic Collection. 

Carr, Samuel. Programmes of Easter, Christmas, and other special 
services, at the Old South Church, Boylston Street, Boston, from April 
2, 1884, the date of the installation of George A. Gordon, D.D., to 
and including Easter Sunday, April 3, 1904. Samuel Carr, organist 
and director of music at the Old South Church, April 1 884 - April 

Club of Odd Volumes. Exhibition — Prints, playbills, advertisements 
and autograph letters to illustrate the history of the Boston stage from 
1791 to 1825. From the collection of Robert Gould Shaw. 

Coolidge, Mrs. J. R. Twenty volumes of miscellaneous works and 1 09 
numbers of periodicals. 

Dyck, Professor Walther von, Deutsches Museum, Miinchen. Twenty- 
four publications of the Deutsches Museum von Meisterwerken der 
Naturwissenschaft und Technik. 

Elliott, Mrs. Maud Howe. A marble bust of Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, 
by Shobal Vail Clevenger. 

Fiske, Mrs. Andrew. The original manuscript and pen drawings made by 
Mrs. Elizabeth Wells Gallup for "Studies in bi-literal cypher," 

Gay, Frederick L., Brookline. Synopsis medicinae; or, a compendium 
of Galenical and chymical physick. By Zerobabel Endecott. Intro- 
duced and annotated by George Francis Dow. Salem. 1914. One 
of an edition of 200 copies. From an unpublished manuscript dated 

Great Britain. Patent Office. Ninety-five volumes of specifications and six 
volumes relating to Patents. 

Hale, Philip. Five volumes of music, also five volumes for the Brown 
Dramatic Collection. 

Hersey, Miss Heloise. Thirty volumes, miscellaneous works and seventy- 
seven pamphlets relating to Vassar College. 

Hills, Frederick S., Albany, N. Y. A complete set of "Men of 
New York State," in 74 parts. ( Biographies with portraits. ) Edited 
by the Hon. James H. Manning. 

Johnson, John G., Philadelphia. Catalogue of a collection of paintings 
and some art objects. 3 volumes. 1 . Italian. 2. Flemish and 
Dutch. 3. Modern. [Owned by John G. Johnson.] Philadelphia. 
1913.1914. Plates. One of an edirion of 300. 


Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Company. Thirty-four volumes, text-books, 
for the Teachers' Reference Collection. 

l^ughlin, Mrs. John F. One hundred and fourteen volumes of mis- 
cellaneous work', including a number of text-books. 

Marion, Mrs. Horace E. One hundred and forty-seven mounted photo- 
graphs, miscellaneous foreign view^s, and the Century gallery of one 
hundred portraits. For Brighton Branch. 

Massachusetts Historical Society. Photostat reproductions of 1 7 numbers 
of the Boston Weekly Newsletter for the year 1 743. Twenty-three 
photostat reproductions of broadsides and one of Bonner's Map of the 
Town of Boston. 

Morgan, J. Pierpont, New York City. Babylonian records in the Library 
of J. Pierpont Morgan. Part 3. New York. Privately printed. 

Perry, Thomas Sergeant. Eighteen volumes, including a number of 
Russian works. 

Richards, Miss Elise E. Thirty-six volumes of The Boston Transcript. 

Ross, Mrs. W. O. Thirty-one volumes of miscellaneous works and 41 
numbers of periodicals. 

Saltonstall, John L. Reminiscences of the Civil War and autobiography 
of WilHam Gurdon Saltonstall. Boston. Privately printed. 1913. 

Sampson & Murdock Company. Eighty-five directories of cities and 
towTis in the United States and Canada. 

Shaw, Robert G. Forty-one concert programs, 1865—1871. 

Smith, Mrs. Charles C. Ninety-three books and pamphlets and 202 num- 
bers of periodicals. 

Tileston, Mrs. John B. Thirty-nine volumes, including "Histoire de I'Ab- 
baye de Port-Royal," in 34 volumes. 

Webster, Frank G. Jones, E. Alfred. The old silver of American 
churches. Letchworth, Eng. 1913. Illus. Plates. Privately 
printed for the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America. 

White-Smith Music Publishing Company. One volume and ninety-seven 
pieces of new sheet music. 

Widener, Mrs. George D., Ashbourne, Penn. A catalogue of the books 
and manuscripts of Robert Louis Stevenson in the Library of the late 
Harry Elkins Widener. Privately printed. 1913. 


During the year, under the direction of Mr. S. A. Chevalier, 
Chief of the Catalogue Department, 72,555 volumes and parts 
of volumes, including 5 1 ,871 different titles have been catalogued 


or re-catalogued. Hie usual comparative table presents the 
details : 



Catalogued (new): 1913-14. 1914-15. 

Central Library Catalogue . . 17,422 12,244 22.017 20,614 

Serials 6,687 5,929 

Branches 17,624 15,594 28,293 24,046 

Re-catalogued 15.931 9,468 16,316 7,211 

Totals 57,664 37,306 72,555 51.871 

There have been 261 ,685 catalogue cards added to the public 
catalogues (226,228 at Central) during the year. Within a 
few days after the receipt of every new bound book a temporary 
card is filed in the Bates Hall Public Catalogue, under the name 
of the author, so as to make the book available to public use with- 
out delay. Later, this temporary card is replaced by the usual 
permanent author and title and subject card. 

A large number of subject headings in the card catalogues have 
been revised, sub-divided and made more convenient for consulta- 
tion. This work proceeds from year to year, and old cards, 
long in use, made up by titles clipped from the old printed 
catalogues and pasted on the cards, are continually being replaced 
by new printed cards, in more legible type. 

The new and enlarged edition of the Catalogue of our valuable 
and extensive collection of books relating to Architecture and 
allied subjects, in process for some months, has been completed 
and issued in print, the revision of the sheets, as they passed 
through the press, being in charge of Miss Mary H. Rollins. 

Of the Allen A. Brown Music Catalogue, Part 1 of Volume 
3 has been published, and Part 2 is nearly all in type. This 
will complete the main body of this important work, but Part 3 
will consist of a Supplement to cover the many titles which have 
accumulated during printing. 

The preparation of a Card Catalogue for the Allen A. Brown 
Dramatic Collection has been finished, and virtually all the 
titles in our general collection of dramatic literature, by authors 
or on subjects represented in the Brown Collection, have been 
copied in anticipation of the printed catalogue which we propose 
to publish. Many eighteenth century pamphlets relating to 


matters of controversy upon dramatic subjects and which have 
never been separately catalogued previously, will be included. 

A catalogue of American periodicals relating to history, con- 
sisting of about 15,000 titles, in preparation by Mr. William Ab- 
batt, has, in co-operation with other libraries, been examined, and 
the titles checked so as to indicate those possessed by our Library. 

Also, as a work of library co-operation, facilities have been 
extended to Mr. T. J. Homer, for the inclusion of such material 
as we possess in a list he is preparing of the periodical literature 
to be found in all the libraries in this vicinity. This list has now 
advanced as far as the letter H. 

Much other work of revision and re-cataloguing of certain 
special collections has been carried on during the year, in order 
to promote the convenient use of the books. Many works in 
the general collection have been transferred to special collections 
for greater safety and convenience. In such cases, new catalogu- 
ing and recording is necessary. It will be apparent, therefore, 
that a great deal of work falls upon the Catalogue Department 
that is not represented merely by the number of new books 

Various periodicals, bibliographies, publishers lists and sale 
catalogues are continually under examination by Mr. Murdoch, 
Dr. Muss-Arnolt, Mr. Taylor, and others members of the staff, 
in anticipation of selections for purchases. 


The usual Shelf Department statistics follow, from the report 
of Mr. W. G. T. Roffe, in charge: 

Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year: 

General collection, new books (including continuations) .... 20,653 

Special collections, new books ........ 2,801 

Books reported lost or missing in previous years, but now found, transfers 

from branches, etc. .......... 1 ,990 


Removed from the Central Library shelves during the year: 

Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced, trans- 
fers, etc 10,635 

Net gain. Central Library 14,809 

Net gain at branches (including reading-room stations) .... 16,790 

Net gain, entire library system ......... 31,599 


The total number of volumes available for public use at the 
end of each year since the formation of the Library is shown in 
the following statement: 

















1 86^-69 
















\'^olumes in entire library system .... 

In the branches and reading-room stations . 

These volumes are located as follows: 




1885 . 


1886 . 


1887 . 


1888 . 


1889 . 


1890 . 


1691 . 


1892 . 


1893 . 


1894 . 


1895 . 








































Central Library . 






Codman Square 


Dorchester . 


East Boston 


Hyde Park . 


Jamaica Plain 


North End . 


Roxbury Branch: 

Fellowes Athenaeum 2 


Owned by City 


Total, Roxbury Branc 



South Boston 


South End . 


Upham's Comer 


West End . 


"West Roxbury 


Lower Mills (Station A) . 
Roslindale (Station B) 
Mattapan (Station D) . 
Neponset (Station E) . 
Mt. Bowdoin (Station F) . 
Allston (Station G) . 
Mt. Pleasant (Station N) . 
Broadway Ext, (Station P) 
Warren St. (Station R) . 
Roxbury Crossing (Station S) 
Boylston Sta. (Station T) . 
Andrew Square (Station Y) 
Orients Heights (Station Z) 
City Point (Station 23) 
Parker Hill (Station 24) . 
Faneuil (Station 25) . 

941 ,024 





Net gain at Central Library 14,809 

Net gain at branches and reading-room stations ...... 16,790 

Net gain, entire library system 31,599 


During the year 79,003 books were lent from the Children's 
Department, at the Central Library, for use outside the building. 
This number is included in the figures of total circulation given on 
pages 40-4 1 , and is shown separately here, to indicate the large 
use of the Department. An increase is recorded of 1 0,396 vol- 
umes over the number issued in the preceding year. 

It may be interesting to note that of the total "home use" circu- 
lation at the Central Library, 20 per cent is through the Children's 
Department. At the branch libraries slightly more than 50 per 
cent of the entire circulation is for juvenile readers. Much of 
their reading is recreative, but no inconsiderable part of it is 
educational. A large amount of reference work is done with 
children, and in connection with the preparation of study courses. 
The introduction of commercial subjects in the schools has 
required changes in the reference work, reflected in the demand 
for elementary books on such topics as the tariff, finance, indus- 
trial processes, food products, transportation, etc. Books on the 
civil service and on other vocational opportunities are also in 
request. The ability to deal, intelligently, with such reference 
work, and to help pupils, who are sent to the Library by teachers, 
requires familiarity with the general collection as well as with 
the books reserved in the Children's Department. It requires 
also, wider knowledge on the part of the attendants. The aim, 
of course, is to so direct the children who are seeking aid, that they 
may themselves acquire the proper method of literary research, 
and gain facility in selecting the important facts. 

The Custodian of the Department, Miss Alice M. Jordan, 
has, during the year, given talks on the use of the Library to 
classes from the schools, besides addresses, upon request, before 
teachers, clubs, parents' associations, and other organizations, — 
all in relation to the educational work in which this Library, 
through its Children's Department, so effectively co-operates. 


Under the Custodian's direction a short list of books for vacation 
reading was issued, and also a list of 1000 titles prepared by 
request of the National Congress of Mothers, which has been 
printed by the Bureau of Education. 

Through the kindness of Professor Sargent of the Arnold 
Arboretum the Children's Department and some of the branches 
are receiving specimens of trees and shrubs, in bud, in blossom, 
and in fruit. These specimens include those of native growth, as 
well as examples of rare and beautiful importations and they are 
not only ornamental but are instructive to the careful observer. 

By this co-operation, the Arnold Arboretum hopes to make 
itself more widely known and more fully enjoyed by our 
citizens, and the Children's Department is enabled to stimulate 
the wider interests of its visitors. 

The Teachers' Reference Collection, placed in one of the 
rooms of the Children's Department at the Central Library, is 
constantly used. In this room, also, reserves of books are placed 
for use in connection with the University Extension Courses. Re- 
serves are now made for teachers of manual training. The im- 
portant educational periodicals (for the use of teachers) are 
also currently filed here. 

Concerning the enlarged use of this room. Miss Jordan, in 
her annual report, remarks: 

The use of the books and periodicals has very largely increased during 
the year and the increase in the number of readers has been followed by an 
increase in the amount of reference work required. This work demands a 
specialist in educational subjects. It pertains to material required for the 
discussion of specific problems, dealing with methods of teaching different 
subjects in the school curriculum, with the matter of discipline, with school 
extension, and similar subjects. From the questions asked daily the follow- 
ing topics have been selected, as representative of the information constantly 
desired : 

Grading and promotion of pupils. 

Methods of disciplining children in the kindergarten and primary grades. 

The teaching of eugenics in schools and colleges. 

Agricultural education. 

Teaching children the use of money. 

The Binet texts. 

Development of the public school system. 

Books on sand gardens, open air schools, continuation schools. 


Psychology of the relation of man to man. 
Methods of teaching children to read. 
Froebel on playgrounds. 


By the report of Mr. Oscar A. Bierstadt, Chief of the Refer- 
ence Department, the use of the reference collection, and the 
demand of readers for books to be used in Bates Hall continues 
to increase. It is worth noting, as he points out, that the collec- 
tion reserved on the open shelves here, about 10,000 volumes, 
carefully selected to cover different departments of literature, 
would, of itself, be a valuable library if considered independently, 
TTiese books are open to use without formality. Besides this 
informal use 683,000 slips have been required by requests for 
books from the stacks for use at the Bates Hall tables. 

At the reference desk in the public catalogue room the attend- 
ants are constantly occupied in assisting readers, in directing 
attention to the best books covering a great variety of subjects, 
and in answering reference questions, both directly and through 

Our custom of assembling in Bates Hall, in prominent position 
near the Centre Desk, books relating to important subjects of 
current interest, is appreciated by the public, and many readers 
use these books who would not otherwise find access to them. 
Recent reserves of this kind related to affairs in Mexico, and to 
the European war. 


The Special Libraries, so-called, include all the departmental 
collections at the Central building, which relate to the Fine 
(and technical) Arts, i.e., painting, sculpture, architecture (with 
the allied subjects of design and building technique) , landscape 
architecture (with city and town planning, garden design, etc.) ; 
the Allen A. Brown Music Collection; The Barton-Ticknor 
libraries (with the Barton collection of Shakesperiana, and the 
George Ticknor collection of Spanish literature) ; the Allen 


A. Brown Dramatic Library; the Galatea Library (relating 
especially to the modern progress of woman) ; the Prince Library 
(rare Americana) ; the Artz collection (mainly poetry) ; the 
Bowditch collection relating to mathematics; the Browning Li- 
brary; and other special collections. 

In order that the widest possible publicity may be given to the 
facilities which the Library offers through this group of special 
libraries, I repeat what was said in the report for 1913: 

The valuable books in this group are especially used by scholars and 
students engaged in literary research. Many of the volumes can be found 
in no other library in this country and the reading tables in the Barton 
Gallery are in constant use under reservation by authors, educators, and 
others who find in this retired reading-room the quiet and privacy necessary 
to their work. In the Fine Arts reading-room the tables are usually fully 
occupied, and the considerable number of books on open shelves are 
freely used, as in Bates Hall. The West Gallery leading from this 
reading-room is especially devoted to reservations for classes from the 
schools of art and design, to various other study classes, and to con- 
ferences in connection with the University Extension Courses. In the 
Allen A. Brown Music Room, students of music find material obtainable 
in no other place. The entire work of the Special Libraries is in the 
highest sense educational, and the training and experience of the attendants 
is an essential element in the effective public service which is given in these 

Mr. Frank H. Chase, Custodian, presents in his report the 
statistical data from which the following details are extracts: 


The direct circulation from this Department for use outside 
the building (included in the home use circulation, pages 40—41 ) 
was 22,071 volumes, compared with 20,668 volumes thus 
circulated in 1913. 

The circulation of pictures sent out as aids in study, and cover- 
ing a variety of subjects, is shown below: 



Public schools ............ 2,238 

Private schools ........... 45 

Clubs 13 

Classes ............. 23 

Sent to branches for exhibition or study 241 

Miscellaneous ............ 172 



This number of portfolios compares with 2,5 1 1 the number 
sent out in 1913. 


Barlon-Ticknor books issued ......... 13,444 

Maps issued ............ 956 

Books from other departments, issued for readers in this room . . . 5,334 


The number of volumes issued for use in this room is 13,268. 
The number added to the collection is 368, of which 1 71 were 
given by Mr. Brown. 

From the Fine Arts Department, 40 volumes have been trans- 
ferred to the Music Room shelves, consisting mainly of six- 
teenth and seventeenth century treatises, and original editions 
of great composers. 

Among the more important additions to the collection are: 

Orchestral scores of Delibe's opera "Lakme" and Ponchielli's "La 
Gioconda;" full scores in autograph manuscripts of Coleridge-Taylor's 
"Hiawatha's Wedding- feast;" and C. H. Parry's "Job;" and a duet 
for violoncello and contra bass by D. Dragohetti. 

Visits of Classes. 

The number of meetings held by classes and study clubs during 
the year is 137, including an attendance of 2,330 members, 
besides an attendance of 1 ,060 students in connection with the 
University Extension Conferences, or a total of 3,390. 


The following list includes the free public lectures given at 
the Central Library during the year, and also the exhibitions 
open to the public at the Central building. 

With regard to the Lectures, it should be mentioned that they 
have cost the Library nothing, except for the services of a lantern 
operator whenever required, the expense of lantern slides (added, 
however, to our collection), and a small amount for expense of 


supervision. We are under obligations to the lecturers who have 
generously co-operated in our work, by giving their services, and 
to the associations who have assisted in the programmes. They 
have rendered public service of value. The lectures are educa- 
tional ; and audiences totalling for the season upwards of 20,000 
persons have attended them. 


Note : — All lectures, except those marked with an asterisk, were illustrated with 
lantern slides. The afternoon lectures before the Ruskin Club are not 
included in the list. 

Jan. 1 8. How to enjoy pictures in art and nature. Henry Warren 

Poor, M.A. 
Jan. 2 ! . Horace's Sabine Farm. Professor E. K. Rand. (Auspices 

of Archaeological Institute of America.) 
Rome. Cora Slanwood Cobb. 
The Stage of To-day.* III. Contemporary Dramatists and 

their Plays. Frank W. C. Hersey. 
Fertile Argentine and its Vast Patagonian Pampas. Charles 

Wellington Furlong, F.R.G.S. 
Avignon and Southern France. Mabel Frances Knight. 
Style in American Architecture.* Ralph Adams Cram, 
James Matthew Barrie, Story-writer and Dramatist.* E. 

Charlton Black, LL.D. 
Municipal Gymnasiums. Dr. Dudley A. Sargent. (Aus- 
pices of Field and Forest Club.) 
The Landmarks of Paris : a history in stone. Huger Elliott. 
Cleopatra and Her Children.* S. Richard Fuller. 
The March of the Turks. I. The Advance, Khiva to 

Vienna (1213-1529). Frank H. Chase. Ph.D. 
The Stage of To-day.* IV. Contemporary Dramatists 

and their Plays (continued). Frank W. C. Hersey. 
The Land of William Tell. Francis Henry Wade, M.D. 
Das neuere Deutsche Drama* (in German). Edmund von 

Angels in art. Fraulein Antonie Stolle. 
Recent Explorations in South America. Professor Hiram 

Bingham. (Auspices of Archaeological Institute of 

Mar. 5. The March of the Turks. II. The armed camp and the 

retreat (1529-1913). Frank H. Chase. PLD. 
Mar. 8. Reading: The Dreamer, a drama of the life of Joseph, by 

Mrs. Percy Dearmer.* Helen Weil. 


















Mar. 9. The Cape Cod Canal. J. W. Miller. (Auspices of Field 

and Forest Club.) 
Mar. 12. The Great Panama Canal. Charles Mason Fuller, U.S.N. 
Mar. 15. Folk Songs of Western Europe.* Henry L. Gideon, with 

illustrations by Constance Ramsay Gideon. 
Mar. 19. Tyrol. Rev. Leo J. Logan. 
Mar. 22. George Washington and the Revolution. John Kennedy 

Mar. 26. Some Phases of the Housing Question. Walter H. Kilham. 
Mar. 27. German Castles. Dr. Karl O. Bertling. 
Mar. 29. The Making of Books before the Days of Printing. William 

C. Hamburgh. 
Apr. 2. Nooks and Corners of the Old Bay State. John Ritchie, Jr. 
Apr. 5. Meunier and Stevens: the artist of labor and the artist of 

"fashion." F. Melbourne Greene. 
Apr. 1 3. More than a Half Century of Street Railroading in Boston. 

Capt. Augustus G. Reynolds. (Auspices of Field and 

Forest Club.) 
New Zealand, its Scenery and Social Life. Rev. Ralph 

Bray. (Auspices of Field and Forest Club.) 
American Pageants and Pageantry. William C. Langdon. 

(Auspices of Boston Pageant Association.) 
Japan Through the Camera. Herbert D. Heathfield. "(Aus- 
pices of Field and Forest Club.) 
The Possibilities of Pageantry for Holiday Observances. 

Frank Chouteau Brown. 
Around the Bay of Naples. Cora Stanwood Cobb. 
The Music of the Bible.* Louis C. Elson; with musical 

Oct. 22. The Battleship: its Evolution from the Nile Boat 2500 years 

B.C., to the "North Dakota." Charles Mason Fuller, 

Historic Boston and Vicinity: Colonial and Revolutionary 

Landmarks. John Kennedy Lacock. 
America — the Triumph of a Great Nation. George N. 

Cross, A.M. 
Esperanto, the international language ; its principles and uses.* 

George W. Lee. (Auspices of New England Esperanto 

Nov. 1 . John Masefield, "The man of to-day and to-morrow in 

poetry."* Anna Johnson, A.M. 
Nov. 5. Assisi of Saint Francis. Louis C. Newhall. 
Nov. 8. The critic and his tribulations.* Olin Downes. 
Nov. 9. Paper-making, ancient and modern. William B. Wheel- 


















Nov. 10. Song recital for children.* Mrs. Jessie L. Gaynor and 

Miss Rose Gaynor. 
Nov. 1 2. Hayti. Roger W. Babson. (Auspices of Field and Forest 

Nov. 15. Hunting with Canoe and Camera in New Brunswick. W. 

Lyman Underwood. 
Nov. 19. Russia. John C. Bowker. 
Nov. 22. Reading: Monna Vanna, by Maurice Maeterlinck.* Cora 

Marceau Holahan. With selections from Henry Fevrier's 

opera, rendered by Misses Anna B. Eichhorn, violin; 

Florence M. Colby, 'cello; and Eleanor G. Flinn, piano. 
Nov. 29. The Library Story Hour: what it is. May W. Cronan. 

With illustrative story-telling by Mrs. Cronan and J. J. 

Dec. 3. Austria-Hungary. John C. Bowker. 
Dec. 6. Lecture Recital: Folk Song and Art Song.* Henry L. 

Gideon, A.M. With musical illustrations by Constance 

Ramsay Gideon. 
Dec. 1 0. Rambles in Quebec and New Brunswick. Guy Richardson. 

(Auspices of Field and Forest Club.) 
Dec. 1 3. The Country of George Eliot. Charles S. Olcott. 
Dec. 1 7. A Horseback Ride Through Greece in the Summer of 1914. 

George W. Tupper, Ph.D. 
Dec. 20. Lecture Recital: Old Songs of Old France.* A. T. M. 

de Andria. 
Dec. 27. How to listen to plays.* Alice Howard Spaulding, A.B. 
Dec. 31. The Musical Genius of Birds.* Charles Crawford Gorst. 

Illustrated by colored bird portraits in enlarged pastels, 

and imitations of bird songs. 
Jan. 3. Jean Sibelius and His Music* Olin Downes. With musical 

Jan. 5. Our Houses, past and present. Mrs. EHzabeth McDonald. 
Jan. 7. Chile, the Strait of Magellan, and the Woundrous Fuegian 

Archipelago. Charles Wellington Furlong, F.R.G.S. 
Jan. 1 0. A tour from Mexico City to Vera Cruz. Lula Blake Hamer. 
Jan. 14. Municipal Administration. His Honor the Mayor, James 

M. Curley. (Auspices of Field and Forest Club.) 

Exhibitions, Central Library. 
1914 A. In the Fine Arts Department. 

Jan. 19. Modern Rome. 

Jan. 26. South America. — Southern France. 

Feb. 2. American Architecture. 



Turkish Empire. — Foreign Ports. 


Angels in Art. 

Church Architecture in Rome. 

Drawings in the Uffizi Gallery. 


Garden Cities. 

German Castles. 


Medici Prints (new accessions). 

Memorial Exhibition : Books, pictures, and manuscripts illus- 
trative of the life and work of William Shakespeare 
(bom April 23?. 1564). 

French Ironwork. 

Etchings by Dwight C. Sturges (lent by the artist). 

Pictures appropriate to Memorial Day. 

French Sculpture. 

Hawaiian types (original photographs lent by Miss M. L. 

European Travel Posters (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Hugh 
Rankin) . 

Austria-Hungary and the Balkans. 

Architecture of Dalmatia. 

Belgium. — Germany. — Russia. — Architecture of Liege. 

Pope Pius X. and the Vatican. 

Rheims Cathedral. 


The Bay of Naples. 

Historic Boston and Vicinity. 

Assisi of St. Francis. 

Modern Printing Papers (lent and arranged by Paper-Makers' 
Advertising Association). 



Canada. — Niagara Falls. 



Illuminated manuscripts and Early printed books. 

Panoramas of American Scenery. 

Parks and playgrounds of Boston. — Illuminations and 
miniatures from the Grimany Breviary. 
Jan. 14. Italian books of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, con- 
taining woodcuts (lent by Wellesley College Library). 











































































1914 B. In Street-Floor Exhibition Room 

Jan. 16. Mexico. 
June 29. Salem, Massachusetts. 
Aug. 1 0. Gardens. 

Sept. 9. Maps of the European War Area. 
Nov. 2. The Boston Public Library and its Branches. 
Nov. 1 1 . Baby-Saving Exhibit (collected and arranged by the Ameri- 
can Association for Study and Prevention of Infant 
Jan. 1. The Work of the Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona 
(lent and installed by the Observatory). 

1914 C. In the Music Room. 

Sept. II. Memorial Exhibition: "The Star-Spangled Banner." 


Besides the Lectures and Exhibitions at the Central Library, 
others at the Branch Libraries have been open to the public. 

The exhibitions are arranged upon a definite plan of rotation 
from branch to branch through the season. The lectures at 
the North End Branch, in Italian, under the auspices of the 
Boston Branch of the Societa Nazionale Dante Alighieri may 
be especially mentioned. Others (in English) have been given 
at the Upham's Corner Branch, and the course is to be con- 
tinued during the season. 


The service required by the public through the Branch Depart- 
ment of the Library continues to increase. The Codman Square 
Reading Room was designated a branch, November 1, and 
there are now, 14 principal branches, and 16 minor branches 
(termed for convenience "reading-room stations"), all operated 
in unison with the Central Library, by means of a system of daily 
vehicle transportation. Subsidiary agencies of distribution with- 
in the Branch system have, during the year, included 62 fire 
department houses, 38 institutions, and 1 55 public and parochial 
schools. The following figures summarize the operations for 
the year: 

Circulation through the branches (recorded also on pages 40-41) . 1,737,920 

Gain, as compared with preceding year ....... 149,912 

Total cost of operation, chargeable against the City appropriation . $141,107.71 


Unless one comes into direct contact with it, the work of the 
Branch Department cannot be appreciated. Through its activi- 
ties the facilities of the Central Library, with its valuable collec- 
tions of circulating books, are made available in the out-lying 
districts of the City, and the various branch collections supple- 
ment the Central in bringing the books near to the homes of the 
people. Each branch library is the centre of a group of schools, 
and it is the especial duty of the custodians to care for the 
demand for books from the schools assigned to their districts 
respectively. Books are sent to the schools on deposit, by requests 
from teachers, through the Branch Department. Special col- 
lections of books, required for reference work in connection 
with the course of study, are reserved at the branches for the. 
use of pupils; pictures are sent directlj'^ from the branches to 
the schools, (supplementing the portfolios sent from the Central 
Library) ; and the schools are visited periodically for the purpose 
of issuing library cards. The Department also arranges for the 
deposits of books at various institutions, and the work of inter- 
library lending. All this work is likely to increase continuously, 
as the demand through the branches increases with the growth 
of the City. The space devoted to it at the Central Library 
is already outgrown, and no more space is available within the 
walls of the present building. The problem of finding addi- 
tional room is one that must soon be faced. 

The relation of the branches to those who use books is in some 
respects closer than that gained through any other function of 
the Library. The custodians soon acquire intimate knowledge 
of the requirements of the patrons whom they serve. The 
branches are centres of comparatively small districts, and this 
makes such intimate knowledge possible. The custodians there- 
fore are able to observe closely the influence of the Library 
upon those who use it, many instances of human interest grow 
out of this, and some of them are pertinent here, since they show, 
as cannot be shown by figures or by mere didactic statement, 
what the Library is doing for the people. In regard to work 
with the schools, I quote the following extracts from their reports, 
made to Mr. Langdon L. Ward, Supervisor of Branches : 


Co-operation between the Library and the schools is very gratifying, 
and appreciation of the Library System as a whole is frequently heard. 
One teacher has brought members of her class to the reading room 
several times. The facilities were informally explained to the pupils as 
they examined the books, and the teacher pointed out books desirable for 
them to read. The interest of teachers is naturally brought about by the 
interest of the Library in the teacher, shown by the excellent circulars and 
communications sent from time to time from Central, and by the activity 
of the branches and reading-rooms in their respective districts. At the 
beginning of each year assistance is offered to the teachers and they are 
asked for suggestions that will help us to aid them in their work. Every 
two weeks opportunity is given the schools to order picture bulletins. De- 
posits of books have been asked for by most of the teachers in the district. 

The evening school was visited and registrations taken. The pupils 
were all foreigners, who could not read English. Three of the young 
men are using the Library now, sending to Central regularly for Polish 

We sent what we think was the first deposit taken by a continuation 
school in this district. Each teacher has about three hundred different girls 
during the week. Many of them became wage earners before they had 
formed the reading habit, but now they have an opportunity to con- 
tinue the ordinary school courses, to learn a trade which may be in con- 
nection with their daily work, or quite outside of it, and to become 
acquainted with good books for recreational reading. 

The teachers and the pupils of the Parochial High School use the 
Library constantly, taking books directly and sending to Central for 
books that the reading-room does not possess. All of the teachers have 
cards and a few have had deposits of books and pictures. The teachers 
in both the high and grammar schools send the pupils here for reference 
work, most of which is done during the evening hours. During the early 
fall and winter several men preparing for civil service examinations and 
others who were taking out naturalization papers used our books. One 
man said, "The Library is a blessing to those seeking information and 
should be highly appreciated by all." 

The purchase, during the year, of about ten thousand volumes 
of additional copies of the books in greatest demand at the 
branches, has helped to meet the urgent needs of our readers. 
Concerning the use of these and other books the custodians 
remark : 

Our new books are in constant use. I really think that I could use as 
many more next year. One book suggests another, and the other may 
suggest two more and so on. 


The new German books have pleased several of the older German 
people who, although they read English books, do not read them as readily 
as they do those in their own native tongue. They are impatient now 
for more. 

Our reference books have made it easier to obtain information that was 
difficult or impossible to find before, such as sketches of some of the 
authors who are now writing; and, in the historic reference books which 
have just been added, some of the historical references are given much 
more in detail than formerly. 

It occurred to me in this connection to notice what books our adult 
readers had left on the tables at closing time; here is the Hst: Gummere, 
Old English ballads; White, The blazed trail; Lawrence, Phillips Brooks; 
Marriott, How Americans are governed; Roberts, Heart of the ancient 
wood; Giddings, Readings in descriptive and historical sociology; Mintz, 
The new American citizen ; Muir, Story of my boyhood and youth ; Cabot, 
What men hve by; Scott, Rob Roy; Gibbon, Decline and fall of the 
Roman Empire ; Doyle, Sherlock Holmes ; Hill, On the trail of Washing- 
ton; Verne, 20,000 leagues under the sea; Annunzio, Laudi del cielo. 

More books of modem poetry and drama seemed desirable and in. 
order to estimate whether such books would be read in this district or 
not, we obtained from Central a deposit of such books. Of the poems 
some would suit an average reader, some would only appeal to students. 
The collection as a whole was well used. It led to suggestions and com- 
ments, which will be helpful in selection, and during the six months the 
books were here every book, except four, has been issued at least once. 

I cannot make too emphatic the need for books in easy English. As 
I have so often reiterated in my reports, the foreigners need them as a 
help in learning English, the teachers require them for deposit, and the 
children urgently ask for them for their younger brothers and sisters. I 
wish we might have at least a dozen copies of every such book in print. 

The first book asked for by a new Italian reader was Tasso's Jerusalem 
Delivered. The first books called for by foreigners who can read in 
English are quite hkely to be "A Hfe of George Washington," or "A 
history of the United States." 

Concerning the use of pictures in circulation from the branches, 
a custodian says: 

Personal experience teaches us that a picture is often the starting point 
of independent research work. An interesting proof of this latter state- 
ment was encountered among the children last fall. A set of bird pictures 
stimulated among the young people an interest in the common birds of 
the neighborhood, and for a time Chapman's bird book was in great demand. 

Some of the girls who had been in the habit of getting pictures from 
us while in the grammar schools, have, since reaching the Girls' High 


School, continued the practice, and are how coming in almost daily to get 
material to illustrate their lessons in biology. A set showing enlarged 
pictures of insects as well as other sets on ants and bees have been used 
by the class. 

To show the character of the requests I will take those for the month 
October — November, which are fairly representative. 
Myths. Trees. Birds. 

Animals (4) Ducks and geese. Eskimos. 

Indians (3) Holland. United States. 

Miscellaneous (3) Asia (2) Pelican and cormorant. 

Valleys and plains. Flowers. Columbus. 

China. Desert. Land and water forms 

Silkworm. Islands, etc. Pilgrims. 

Fairy tales. Butterflies. 

Of work which is to a degree co-operative between a branch 
and a large industrial establishment which has its own collection 
of technical books and periodicals, a custodian remarks: 

The company has a large plant in our district, including their Welfare 
Buildings which are used by their workmen, wherever employed. A 
branch of their central library is one of the features of the plant of 
special interest to us. It is a pleasant quiet room already filled with 
technical books and magazines. Since their collection is and must be 
so complete and up to date we hope the time will come when we can 
refer our patrons interested in such subjects to their shelves and have our 
library cards honored there. In the meantime, since they have no books 
of recreational reading we have been given a section for deposit books 
which is filled partly by us, and partly by the Central Library. The 
librarians keep a record of the issue of our books. They have also given 
us a space on their bulletin board and we intend to keep it filled with Branch 
lists and notices so that the employees who live in this section may use the 

As for the reference work with the public at the branches, 
and our relations with the public gained by such work, Mr. 
Ward, says: 

The thirty branches and reading-rooms of the Library are now fairly 
well equipped for popular reference work. The collections of books 
have been built up year by year in response to the actual demand, so that 
even the smaller reading-rooms have not only the obvious reference books, 
but a moderate supply of anthologies, histories, biographies, geographical 
readers, scientific manuals, etc. 

As to the kind of reference work, it varies widely with the constituencies. 
An attempt is made to meet conditions as they exist at each place. In 
general the reference work of the branches may be described as follows: 


There are first of all questions from grammar school pupils, then the 
less simple questions from the high schools. Next the inquiries from 
college students living in the district, from men studying at evening classes 
and at home, from teachers, physicians, nurses, writers, engineers, elec- 
tricians, plumbers, motormen, conductors, post office clerks, candidates for 
civil service examinations, from women's clubs, travel clubs, mission study 
clubs, and many more groups or classes. Since all these depend upon the 
Branch for help it follows that the inquiries cover nearly every kind of 
subject. The branch may not always have the best material, but it will 
usually have something on a given subject. 

An important feature of this reference work is that the branches may 
obtain within a few hours, through the daily delivery of books from 
the Central Library, material which is not on their own shelves. That 
is, the resources of the great Central collection of books are available 
for use at a branch, or for home use, and a card holder seven miles 
away from the Central Library may receive a book within twenty-four 
hours, exactly as if he had presented his call slip at the delivery desk in 
person. It is through this daily interchange, also, that reference questions 
are sent to the Central Library. 

Boston has several large private technical schools, and in the public 
schools the recent increase in courses in the practical arts has been marked. 
Consequently there has been a growing demand for books and information 
on scientific rather than hterary subjects, and our branch collections 
of books for reference have been strengthened, year by year, to meet 
these conditions. 

Upon this phase of their work the custodians also make interest- 
ing comments. Of these I quote as follows: 

I am glad to report that there are now more adult readers than ever 
before. There are also many students, normal school pupils, teachers 
from high emd grammar schools. 

High school pupils require assistance through reference books for home 
use lessons on studies in the school curriculum, and make extensive use of our 
excellent collection of supplementary reading-books, which has been built 
up for this purpose, and in which are many duplicates of books most in 

Grammar school subjects range from a grain of wheat to the building 
of a locomotive, or a great city factory and its method of operation. The 
pupils range from the child of nine who asks "What can you show me 
about Sammy Adams," to the member of the rapid advancement class 
who wants a volume of comprehensive history, Tylor's Anthropology, 
Lowell on government, or a book on international law. Reference work 
has taken a new trend which requires progressive ideas and material to 
cope with its demands. Science and practical subjects have come forward 
with the advent of the newer ideas of vocational and practical education. 


and predominate in the daily aid given. I am asked for material on 
industrial studies covering food, clothing, housing, modes of travelling, 
products of the soil and manufacture, textiles, water and milk supply, 
immigration, irrigation, inventions, etc., and especially about new authors 
and things of world interest, to the partial exclusion of people and things 
of the past, except as they affect present inventions or events. 

Our new books have been much used. Some of the more popular 
subjects are those of auditing, accounting, book-keeping, business forms, 
letter-writing, social functions, civil service, mathematics (including arith- 
metic, algebra, geometry, calculus), mechanical drawing, engineering, 
electrical engineering, economics, advertising, plumbing, practical trades, 
and science. 

More than twelve different races are represented in the new borrowers 
of the year. The demands are as varied as the nationahties. Books are 
wanted in all the various languages, also simple books for foreigners learn- 
ing English, recent fiction, standard fiction, biography, Hterature, travels, 
sociology, education, vocation and technical books for students in the schools 
and for practical workers wanting to pass examinations or to become 
more efficient, not to mention books for general reference work in every 
subject by all ages and all classes. 

The reference work with pupils of the various high schools has shown 
a marked increase. There has been considerable change in the class of 
subjects on which help has been requested. Formerly they were mostly 
literary or historical subjects, now they are questions relating to home 
and city hygiene, pure food and milk, child welfare, play grounds, labor 
conditions and similar topics. If permanent interest is aroused in these 
subjects our future citizens will concern themselves with interests of the 
community and work for the common good. 

At the North End Branch, by funds supplied by Mrs. James 
J. Storrow as a gift to the Library, the previously unoccupied por- 
tion of the basement has been finished attractively as a room for 
club and class uses, recreational as well as instructive, under 
the voluntary direction of the Custodian, but undertaken by her 
apart from the routine operation of the Branch. This work, 
which arouses the enthusiasm of the young persons who are 
engaged in it, is exceedingly interesting; and cannot fail to en- 
lage the influence of the Library in this closely populated district. 


The regular work of story-telling to children by a trained 
story teller, introduced some years ago has been continued with 


excellent results. With us, this work is intended to be educa- 
tional primarily, but that does not prevent its being enjoyable 
as well. 

Mrs. Cronan, who has charge of it, aims to feach children 
between ten and fifteen years of age, and to co-operate with the 
Library staff in stimulating a love of reading and the right choice 
of books. She says : 

We have used stories of Lincoln and Washington, of artists, musicians, 
and explorers, and have continued stories of "Ivanhoe," "The Talisman," 
"Lorna Doone." and "Oliver Twist." These all lead to the Library 
shelves where the books may be found. We count the results good if 
we find these books are in demand. I must confess to an extra glow of 
satisfaction when I find boys walking miles and making repeated efforts 
to gel some fine book which has been introduced through the Story Hour. 
I once thought that with forty children there should be forty copies of 
each book ready for them. I have learned that if there are eighty 
children and only a few copies of the book, there will be persistent effort, 
sustained interest, and much more satisfaction when the book is finally 
secured. There is always some other book that can be substituted until 
the desired one is gained, and there is a certain ardor resulting from working 
and waiting for the book in demand. 

The best results, to my mind, do not immediately follow the Story Hour 
but are shown months afterwards when the children stand before the Library 
shelves and point out the books they have learned to know and love, when 
they choose books for other boys and girls and show discrimination in their 

All the results obtained by an hour of recreation may be gained and 
much more accomplished if through the Story Hour the children may be 
given a kind of "self-help," the ability to choose, the desire to read, books 
of value. 

I believe the child who has learned to discriminate in his choice of 
books and has become an ardent reader, will be likely to be equally dis- 
criminating in his choice of other pleasures. If he has learned to delight 
in simplicity, honesty, fearlessness and purity in his heroes, he is less likely 
to be contents with an unworthy standard in his friends. It is a most 
effective method of safeguarding a child from the dangers of his environment 
when through the story hour we give him that companionship of books 
which Milton calls "intimate knowledge and delight." 

I quote also from reports of custodians: 

In these few months it has been a great pleasure to the boys, and had 
the desired effect of directing the boys' reading to some of the best books, 
that they would not have read unless they had heard the stories. 


Every Tuesday evening at about half-past six, a line of eager children 
with happy faces begins to form at the door of the children's room near 
the lecture-room stairs. There they stand patiently until the doors are 
opened and then, showing their cards as tickets of admission, file decorously 
down to sit in rapt attention for a full hour while Mr. and Mrs. Cronan 
tell of Nils and Roland and Charlemagne and other story-book friends. 
The aim has been to introduce the children to some of the greater books. 
It has certainly succeeded in making these books popular. Although 
we have five copies each of the Wonderful adventures of Nils and 
the Later adventures of Nils, none is to be found on the shelf now, 
while before the story was told one copy met the demand. At the 
end of the hour it is difficult to find on the shelves anything one would 
recommend the children to take out, but they industriously make out 
sheaves of slips, and are hot discouraged even by repeated failures to 
get the coveted books. Every attractive looking book is seized as soon 
as it reaches the shelf. 

It is a fact borne out by statistics, which were kept on several occasions, 
as well as by personal observation, that the children's reading, since the 
inauguration of the Story Hour, is of a better quaHty, of a more definite 
scope ; and not so often a matter of chance as formerly. 

During the summer we took two groups of children to hear stories at 
the Art Museum, held under the direction of the Boston Social Union. 
This venture proved a distinct success. The children, particularly the 
boys, delighted the guide in the Museum by their eagerness and interest. 
They surely seemed to get a great deal out of it. Seventy-eight boys and 
girls went on the first of these trips, and on the second, there were ninety- 
four, which was the largest group they had had at the Museum during the 


Mr. John J. Keenan, Chief of the Registration Department, 
reports the following statistics relative to the borrowers cards in 
force January 1915: 

Held by men and boys .......... 45,680 

Held by women and girls ........•• 61,783 

Held by persons over 1 6 years of age ........ 59,408 

Held by persons under 16 years of age ....... 48,055 

Pupils' cards (public and parochial schools) ...... 36,018 

Students' cards (higher institutions of learning) ...... 28,890 

The increase for the year is as follows: 

la caids held by men and boys Jl 

In cards held by women and girls • • • e'~^^ 

In cards held by persons over 16 years of age ..... ^'^^ 

In cards held by persons under 16 years of age ... . . 5'I«? 

In cards held by pupils of public and parochial schools .... 2,002 

In cards held by students of higher institutions of learning .... 2,578 


The net gain in cards of all descriptions held by borrowers, and 
valid for present use was, for the year 10,958; and the total 
number of such cards outstanding at the end of the year covered 
by this report was 1 07,463. 


Distribution of Documents. 

The usual statistical table follows, showing the distribution 
of library publications for the year: 

Sent to departments for free distribution 103,693 

Sent to departments for sale ......... 342 

Free, direct distribution 39,406 

Distributed for library use .......... 116 

The character of the publications issued during the year, for 
the purpose of promoting the convenient use of the Library is 
given below. 


TThe publications for the year, issued under the editorial super- 
vision of Mr, Lindsay Swift, include: 
Weekly Lists. From Jan. 17, 1914, to Jan. 9, 1915, inclusive (nos. 

300—35 1 ) , fifty-two issues, containing 336 pages. The edition 

of each issue was 2,500 copies, the total number of pages printed 

and issued free was 43,680,000. 
Quarterly Bulletin. 3d series, vol. 7, nos. 1—4, inclusive, in March, 

June, Sept., and Dec, 1914. The four numbers comprised 456 

pages and each issue was in an edition of 2,000 copies. 3,648,000 

pages in all, were printed and distributed free. 

Aside from the usual titles of new books in the Bulletins, other 

matter appeared as follows: 

June number: Prospectus of the University Extension Courses, 

September number: Programme of Exhibitions at the Central Li- 
brary, branches and reading rooms (repeated in part in December 
number) ; List of Free Public Lectures (repeated in part in De- 
cember number) ; Announcements of Lowell Institute ; and of 
University Extension Courses (repeated in part in December 
number) . 

December number : Lists of books illustrative of the following : Lowell 
Institute courses: Professor W. E. Hocking's course on Human 
Instincts and their Transformation; Prof. C. H. Haskins's course 
on The Normans in European History ; and Prof. Kuno Francke's 
course on Personality in German Literature before Luther. 


All bulletins containing announcements of exhibitions and of lectures 
given in the Library or in neighboring institutions are in great demand and 
the editions are speedily exhausted. Larger editions of the September 
and December issues might advisedly be printed. 

The Catalogue of the John Adams Library is prepared for the press 
and awaits the opportunity for printing. 

The Bates Hall Centre Desk, Newspaper and Patent RoomSt 
Central Library. 

In handling the large number of books brought from the stacks 
for the use of readers in Bates Hall it is inevitable that vexatious 
delays will sometimes occur. This Library is so planned that 
it is at a disadvantage with respect to rapid service in this reading 
room as compared with libraries having a central reading-room 
immediately connected with the stacks (Library of Congress 
plan) or the novel arrangement of a reading-room immediately 
over the stacks whereby the books may be lifted directly into the 
room (New York Public Library plan). Here the books from 
the stacks are first delivered at the main receiving shaft in the 
tube room of the Issue Department, and must then be brought by 
a page to the reader's table. In busy hours, the service is taxed 
to the utmost, and besides this there is sometimes delay due to 
the improper operation of the vacuum tubes through which the 
call slips are sent to the stacks, or to some other part of the 
mechanical appliances upon which we rely. Such troubles are 
comparatively infrequent, but they will, of course, occur, and 
then occasion much criticism, regardless of the great number of 
ordinary cases when no delay is encountered. A complete re- 
construction of our tube and carrier system might somewhat short- 
en the time of delivery. The expense would be heavy, but 
might perhaps be warranted if we had the money which could 
be used without regard to more important demands, although, 
after all is said, this Library, in the majority of cases, by the 
testimony of those of wide experience, serves its readers with 
reasonable promptness. Every unsuccessful or delayed appli- 
cation for books is immediately investigated when brought to 
the attention of the attendants. As stated in a previous report: 


Only a few persons, compared with the large number served daily, 
are put to serious inconvenience, but these few instances are re- 
gretted. The criticism resulting from them is persistent, while 
the thousands of cases in which the book is obtained promptly 
pass without comment. Applicants sometimes wait a long time 
for a book, and do not report the delay. It would be of assis- 
tance if, whenever delay seems unreasonable, it were at once 
reported to the desk attendant. Usually, if so reported the 
cause may be traced and the delay overcome ; or, if not immedi- 
ately overcome, prevented from again occurring. 

Sometime ago, an extended test showed that the average delay 
in receipt of books, of all kinds, in Bates Hall, some of which 
came from remote parts of the stacks, did not exceed ten minutes. 
A recent test, covering various hours which were taken at ran- 
dom, has shown a similar average. Of schemes that have been 
tried for shortening the delay to readers (including direct elec- 
tric communication with the stacks from the Centre Desk, by 
ingenious apparatus which proved too delicate for our work), 
only the introduction of complete indicator service has proved 
effective. As explained in the report for 1912 the indicator 
record, duplicating that in use in the Issue Department, makes 
it possible to determine at once, at the Centre Desk, whether or 
not a desired book has already been lent for use out of the build- 
ing, sent to the Bindery or otherwise temporarily removed from 
its place in the stacks. The settlement of this preliminary ques- 
tion, immediately in the Hall, obviates the necessity of waiting for 
a similar report from the Issue Department, and the loss of time 
occasioned thereby. Those who use the reading-room are learn- 
ing the advantage of this, and frequently before filling a call slip, 
inquire at the Desk if the book wanted is available. In any case, 
if a book asked for is, as shown by the indicator, not available, 
report to that effect is at once returned on the call slip, and the 
reader may substitute other titles, or need not be disappointed by 
long waiting only to find that the book wanted is out. This is of 
advantage in a large number of cases, although it will be obvious 
that the use of the indicator does not materially shorten the time 
of delivery of books which are available. In the case of readers 


who desire to use continuously a considerable number of books 
on any subject, delay may be avoided by filing, in advance, a 
list of titles. The books will then be assembled on a reserved 
table and will be found there at the appointed hour. 

The usual statistics, reported by Mr. Pierce E. Buckley, 
Custodian, follow: 

Centre Desk- The maximum attendance of readers (335 on December 
13, at 5 P.M.) exceeds by 32 the maximum reported in 1913. In one 
month only, namely July, has the maximum attendance fallen below 125. 

Newspaper Room. During the year four papers have been added to 
the subscription list, and 1 5 for various reasons dropped ; the number now 
regularly available to readers being 312. The attendance in this room 
sometimes exceeds the proper limit. This is especially the case on Sundays. 

The total number of volumes in the files of bound newspapers is how 
7,774. Some indication of the important place these files occupy is given 
by the fact that 1 3,603 persons consulted them during the year, using 
27,415 different volumes. 

We have, during the year, added to the files of early papers various 
numbers of the Boston News Letter, Boston Gazette, Massachusetts 
Sentinel, Essex Gazette and New London Gazette. And besides these 
have received a file of photo-stat copies of the first years of the News Letter 
(April 24, 1 704 to April 1 9, 1 708) and also 1 5 numbers of the News- 
letter for 1 743. 

Patent Room. This, also, is an important department of the Library. 
The collection now numbers 13,007 volumes, an increase of 412 for the 
year. The recorded use of the room is: 

1914-15. 1913-14. 

Volumes consulted, as recorded 100.092 97.945 

Persons using the collection ....... 13.211 13.430 

Besides the recorded circulation, readers, as in other parts of the 
Library having open shelves, may take volumes from the shelves without 
formality, and, of course, v^thout being counted. 

The Periodical Room, Central Library. 

The statistical table below shows the number of readers in this 
room, at certain hours, in each of two successive years : 































The use of the bound files, appears in the following table : 

1914-15. 1913-14. 

Bound volumes consulted during the year, in the day time 

(week-days) 33.421 33.228 

In the evening or on Sundays 1 2,093 1 1 ,693 

Besides the periodicals on general subjects regularly offered 
to readers in the Periodical Room others, on special subjects, 
may be found in special departments. The distribution of the 
entire suscription list, open to readers at the Central Library, is 
as follows: 

Fine Arts Department and Music Room ....... 125 

Newspaper Room ........... 103 

Periodical Department . . . . . . . . . . 1,137 

Statistical Department 39 

Teachers' Reference Room 37 

Documents and Statistics. 

Mr. Horace L. Wheeler, in charge of the Statistical Depart- 
ment, reports that there have been received as additions to this 
Department by exchange with and gifts to the collection of the 
American Statistical Association held here, 388 volumes and 
1,120 pamphlet parts. From regular purchases, 995 volumes 
have been added. The total number of volumes in the Depart- 
ment is 19,343. 

The name "Statistical Department" needs explanation. The 
collection includes State, Municipal and United States Govern- 
ment reports, and many works on economics, and relating to 
social science. Reserves are made here for students of subjects 
represented in the collection, and persons seeking statistical in- 
formation upon commercial, financial or municipal problems 
are frequent visitors. It may afford some indication of the use 
of the room, to note that in obtaining answers to reference in- 
quiries here, about 12,000 volumes were consulted during the 
year; 3,755 volumes were sent out to other departments for use; 
1,945 volumes were issued through the Branch and Issue De- 
partments for use outside the building, and about 1 ,000 volumes 
issued directly from the Department itself for such use. 


Sunday and Evening Service, Central Library. 

The average number of books lent on Sundays and holidays, 
from the Central Library, for use outside the building was 776 
(744 in 1913). The largest number on any single Sunday (or 
holiday) was 1,348 (1.259 in 1913). The largest number 
of readers present in the Bates Hall Reading Room on any 
single Sunday was 335 on December 1 3 (295 in 1 91 3, on Febru- 
ary 9). 

The Printing Department. 

The following table compiled by Mr. Francis Watts Lee, 
Chief, presents a comparative statement of the work in the Print- 
ing Department in each of two successive years, so far as this 
work may be expressed in a statistical statement: 

1913-14. 1914^15. 

Requisitions on hand at opening of year .... 7 .... 

Requisitions received during the year . . . . 172 « 149 

Requisitions on hand at end of year . . . . . .... .... 

Requisitions filled during the year 179 149 

Card Catalogue (Central) : 

Titles (Printing Dept. count) 17,844 18.294 

Cards finished (excluding extras) 164,335 261,685 

Titles in type, but not printed 5,220 1 1 4 

Card Catalogue (Breinches) : 

Titles (Printing Dept. count) 296 608 

Cards (approximately) 16.280 33.440 

Pamphlets, not elsewhere enumerated 29,876 24,650 

Call slips 186.500 1.228,500 

Stationery and blank forms 937,735 814,825 

Signc 645 954 

Blank books 94 I 

The Bindery. 

The usual statistical statement as to the work in the Bindery, 
based upon the report of Mr. James W. Kenney, Chief, follows: 

1913-14. 1914-15. 

Number of volumes bound, various styles 

Volumes repaired 

Volumes guarded 

Maps mounted .... 

Photographs and engravings mounted 

Magazines stitched 

Library publications, folded, stitched and trimmed 

















Examinations for library service were given as follows : Grade 
E, May 23, 71 applicants of whom 39 passed; Grade E, Sep- 
tember 12, 58 applicants of whom 26 passed; Grade B, October 
17, 32 applicants of whom 10 passed; Grade E, January 23, 
1915, 108 applicants of whom 74 passed. 


As at present organized, the various departments of the Library 
and the branches and reading-room stations are in charge of the 
following persons: 

Samuel A. Chevalier, Chief of Catalogue Department. 

William G, T. Roffe, in Charge of Shelf Department. 

Theodosia E. Macurdy, Chief of Ordering Department. 

Oscar A. Bierstadt, Custodian of Bates Hall Reference Department. 

Pierce E. Buckley, Custodian of Bates Hall Centre Desk, Patent and 

Newspaper Departments. 
Frank H. Chase, Custodian of Special Libraries. 
Barbara Duncan, Custodian of Brown Music Room. 
Walter G. Forsyth, Custodian of Barton-Ticknor Room. 
Frank C. Blaisdell, Chief of Issue Department. 
Langdon L. Ward, Supervisor of Branches and Stations. 
Alice M. Jordan, Custodian of Children's Department. 
John J. Keenan, Chief of Registration Department. 
Horace L. Wheeler, First Assistant, in charge of Statistical Department. 
Francis Watts Lee, Chief of Printing Department. 
James W. Kenney, Chief of Bindery Department. 
Henry Niederauer, Chief of Engineer and Janitor Department. 
Marian W. Brackett, Custodian of Brighton Branch. 
Katherine S. Rogan, Custodian of Charlestown Branch. 
M. Florence Cufflin, Custodian of Codman Square Branch. 
EHzabeth T. Reed, Custodian of Dorchester Branch. 
Ellen O. Walkley, Custodian of East Boston Branch. 
Elizabeth Ainsworth, Custodian of Hyde Park Branch. 
Mary P. Swain, Custodian of Jamaica Plain Branch. 
Edith Guerrier, Custodian of North End Branch. 
Helen M. Bell, Custodian of Roxbury Branch. 
Mary J. Minton, Custodian of South Boston Branch. 
Margaret A. Sheridan. Custodian of South End Branch. 
Josephine E. Kenney, Custodian of Upham's Corner Branch. 


Alice M. Robinson, Custodian of West End Branch. 

Carrie L. Morse, Custodian of West Roxbury Branch. 

Mary A. Hill, Custodian of Station A, Lower Mills Reading Room. 

Grace L. Murray, Custodian of Station B, Roslindale Reading Room. 

Emma D. Capewell, Custodian of Station D, Mattapan Reading Room. 

Mary M. Sullivan, Custodian of Station E, Neponset Reading Room. 

Isabel E. Wetherald, Custodian of Station F, Mt. Bowdoin Reading 

Katherine F. Muldoon, Custodian of Station G, Allston Reading Room. 
Margaret H. Reid, Custodian of Station N, Mt. Pleasant Reading Room. 
Cora L. Stewart, Custodian of Station P, Broadway Extension Reading 

Florence M. Bethune, Custodian of Station R, Warren Street Reading 

Katrina M. Sather, Custodian of Station S, Roxbury Crossing Reading 

Elizabeth P. Ross, Custodian of Station T, Boylston Station Reading 

Edith R. Nickerson, Custodian of Station Y, Andrew Square Reading 

Edith F. Pendleton, Custodian of Station Z, Orient Heights Reading 

Alice L. Murphy, Custodian of Station 23, City Point Reading Room. 
Mary F. Kelley, Custodian of Station 24, Parker Hill Reading Room. 
Gertrude L. Connell, Custodian of Station 25, Faneuil Reading Room. 


The expenses of the Library, paid from the City appropriation, 
are shown in detail on the Balance Sheet pages 24-27. To 
enable a ready comparison to be made, for two successive years, 
the following summary is presented of the various items of 
expense : 

For salaries: 



General administration 



Sunday and evening force 



49^9 ft';Q ftO 


From Whitney bibliographic fund 

For books: 

From City appropriation . 



From trust funds income . 



From Carnegie gift, for Gala- 

tea collection 



From Sullivan bequest . 



'iQf.Ai Oft 


Carried forward 







Brought forii>ard . 



For newspapers, Todd fund in 

come .... 

. $ 2.000.00 

$ 1,919.34 




Furniture and fixtures . 



Gas ..... 



Electric lighting . 



Cleaning .... 



Small supplies . 






Stationery .... 



Rents .... 






Repairs .... 


2.981 .29 

Freights and cartage . 



Transportation between Centra 

and branches . 



Telephone service 



Postage and telegrams . 






Travelling expenses (including 

street car fares on library ser- 

vice) .... 



Grounds .... 



Lecture account (lantern slides 

and operator) 



Miscellaneous expense 




djQ/i 'tf.-i on 

Printing Department: 

4>0*T,Z0^ .OU 

For salaries . 



Stock .... 






Electric light and power . 



Contract work . 



Rent .... 



Freights and cartage 






Gas . . . . . 






Small supplies . 



n. 342.69 ■ 

io ^71; y-i 

Binding Department: 

\i;JlJ.l J 

For salaries . . . . 



Stock .... 



Equipment . . . . 


Electric light and power . 



Contract work . 






Freights and cartage 



Insurance . . . . 



Gas . . . . . 



Cleaning . . . . 



Small supplies 



36,289.67 - 

le. CIA en 



Totals . . . . 

J398, 120.81 



The following sub-division of the total expenditures shows 
the sources from which the money was derived: 

1913-14. 1914-15. 

Total expenditures: 

From City appropriation . . $380,000.00 $400,000.00 

Various credits (balances, pre- 
vious year, etc.) . . . 186.57 2,358.77 
Trust funds income, gift and 

bequest 17.934.24 13,543.40 

$398,120.81 $415,902.17 


I gratefully acknowledge the efficient assistance rendered by 
the Chiefs of Departments and Custodians whose names appear 
above, and that of the members of the staff throughout the library 
system. I especially record my appreciation of the loyal co- 
operation in the work of administration of Mr. Otto Fleischner, 
Assistant Librarian. 

I have, in previous reports, remarked that in the work of the 
Library the personal assistance given by the staff members, of 
various grades, who come directly in contact with the public is 
invaluable. In the closely populated districts of a large city, 
like some of those in which our branches are located, containing 
many persons untrained in the use of books, this personal assis- 
tance is especially necessary. But in departments of the Central 
Library also, where students are seeking the best sources of infor- 
mation, or where readers wish to be directed to the best books 
on some special subject, nothing can take the place of compe- 
tent personal suggestion and advice. This the Library has 
always supplied on general and on certain technical subjects, 
by the Chief of the Reference Department and by the Custodian 
of Special Libraries, with their immediate assistants at the refer- 
ence desk in the public catalogue room, and in the Fine Arts, 
Music and Barton Rooms. In degree measured only by the 
character of the work required, the Chief of the Issue Depart- 
ment; the Custodian of the Children's Room; (Including 
Teachers' Reference Room) ; the Custodian of the Centre Desk, 
Bates Hall; the Assistant-in-charge of the Statistical Depart- 
ment; with their assistants (including the periodical, newspaper, 
and patent rooms) are always at the service of the public. 


All these Chiefs and Custodians, by special training or by 
extended experience, are qualified for this work in their respective 
departments, and nearly all of them have been long in the Li- 
brary service and know its resources. Inquiries requiring special 
knowledge are expected to be made to them directly, rather 
than to any minor assistants, and if questions are asked which 
do not fall within the province of the department in which the 
inquiry is made, as is not unlikely, since no one person can be 
expected to know everything, the inquirer will be directed to the 
proper department. Reports of dissatisfaction, for any reason, 
with the operation of the service, or of failure to obtain the in- 
formation desired, are earnestly solicited by the Librarian or 
Assistant Librarian, one of whom is accessible without formality, 
during the day, or by the representative of the Librarian in charge 
during the evening. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Horace G. Wadlin, 



Abbatt, William. Catalogue of Ameri- 
can periodicals relating to history, 57. 

Accessions and additions. (See 


Appropriations. (See Finance.) 

Architectural catalogue, 56. 

Arnold Arboretum, plants for children's 
room, 60. 

Balance sheet, 24-27. 

Barton-Ticknor room, 63. 

Bates Hall, 32, 61. 

Bates Hall Centre Desk. 78, 80. 

Benton, Josiah H., reappointed trustee, 
elected President, 1 . 

Bindery, binding and repair, 4; growth 
in twenty years, 5; Examining Com- 
mittee report on, 34; work of, 82. 

Books, additions, 3, 43. 49, 81; by 
years, 58; average cost, 3; binding 
and repair, 4; for branches, 9; cata- 
logued, 53; delays in delivery, 78; 
demand for popular, 46; deposits, 42, 
68, 69; duplication avoided, 48; 
Examining Committee, report on, 31 ; 
fiction, 43, 45, 56; financial limita- 
tions in purchases, 46; gifts, 53; inter- 
library loans, 43, 49; location, 58; 
lists prepared, 57, 60; mutilation of, 
32; payment for lost, 2; on important 
subjects, 61 ; on open shelves, 61 ; 
range of purchases, 47; for scholars 
and students, 17, 31, 48, 59, 60, 62, 
69; schools, 6; teachers reference, 60. 
(See also Circulation; and Reference 

Branch Department, needs more room, 
16, 28, 69. 


Books, additions, 3. 9, 31, 43, 70; 

fiction, 43; location, 58. 
Circulation, 4, 39, 40, 41; cost of, 
18, 68; cost of new buildings, 19; 
custodians, 83; extracts from custo- 
dian's reports, 70; Examining Com- 

mittee on, 29, 33; growth in twenty 
years, 1 1 ; lectures and exhibitions, 
68; no more should be opened at 
present, 18; pictures, 38, 71, 72; 
reference work, 41, 72, 74; Andrew 
Square, opened, 39; Broadway Ex- 
tension, new quarters, 7; Codman 
Square, made a branch, 3, 68; East 
Boston, new building, 6; Faneuil, 
opened, 39, property to be purchased, 
North End, room furnished by Mrs. 
Storrow, 74; Warren Street, enlarge- 
ment, 38. (See also Retrospect.) 

Broadway Extension Reading Room, to 
have rooms in Municipal building, 7. 

Brown, A. A., music room, 33, 63; dra- 
matic and music catalogues, 56. 

Card holders. (See Registration.) 

Catalogue Department, 32, 55. 

Children's Department, 36, 59. 

Circulation, 4, 6, 39, 40, 41, 43, 59. 

62, 63, 68,-81. 82. 

Clubs and classes, 17, 47, 59, 60, 62, 

63, 73, 74, 81. (See also Scholars.) 
Codman Square Reading Room, made 

a branch, 3, 68. 
Delays in delivery of books, 78. 
Deposits, 42, 68. 69. 
Documents and statistics, 81. 
East Boston Branch, opening of new 

building, 6. 
Employees, 15; Examining Committee, 

29; hours of service, 3; list of chiefs 

amd custodians, 83; salaries and 

wages, 5, 8, 16, 30. 
Estimates, 8. 
Examinations, 83. 
Examining Committee, 20; report, 28. 
Exhibitions, 66-68. 
Faneuil Reading Room; property to be 

purchased, 7; opened, 39. 
Fiction: circulation, 43; demand for, 

46 ; purchases, 45. 


Finance: appropriations, 1,2; balance 
sheet, 24—27; Bindery and Printing 
cost, 5; books, expenditures, 3, 9, 44, 
45; books, limitations in purchases, 
46; branches, cost, 18, 19, 68; branch 
buildings, cost, 7, 19; estimates, 8; ex- 
penditures, comparison for two years, 
84; Faneuil property, 7; increase in 
expense, 19; receipts, 1 ; repairs and 
furnishings, more money needed, 16; 
sale of Boylston St. building, 20; 
salaries and wages, 5, 8, 16, 30; 
sinking funds, 19; Francis Skinner 
Fund. 8; trust funds, 1, 3, 10, 19; 
Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund, 8. 

Fine Arts Department, 33, 62. 

Gifts, 8, 53. 

Griffin, John F., & Co., contractors. 
East Boston Branch, 7. 

Homer, T. J., preparation of periodical 
list, 57. 

Hours of service, 3. 

Inter-library loans, 43, 49. 

Inventory, 20. 

Kenney, William F., elected Vice 
President, 1. 

Lectures, 14, 63, 68. 

Librarian's report, 38. 

Lists prepared, 56, 58, 60. 

McLaughlin, James E., architect, East 
Boston Branch, 7. 

Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, to have 
rooms in Municipal building, 7. 

Music room. (See Brown, A. A.) 

Mutilation of books, 32. 

National Congress of Mothers, list pre- 
pared for, 60. 

New^spaper room, 32, 80. 

Newspapers, early files added, 49, 80; 
expenditures, 3. 

North End Branch, lectures at, 68; 
room furnished by Mrs. Storrow, 74. 

Ordering Department, 31, 49. 

Patent Room, 80. 

Periodical Room, 32, 80. 

Periodicals, expenditures, 3; prepara- 
tion of lists, 57; sent to institutions, 
42; use of, 60. 

Personal assistance through library ser- 
vice, 86. 

Photographs and other pictures, 3, 38, 
62, 63, 71, 72; hung at branches, 38. 

Printing Department, 82; growth in 
twenty years, 5; Examining Conmiit- 
tee on, 34. 

Publications, architectural catalogue, 
56; Brown dramatic and music cata- 
logues, 56; periodical lists, 57; chil- 
dren's lists, 60; distribution of, 77. 

Reading committee, 31, 45. 

Receipts. (See Finance.) 

Reference work, 4, 6, 17, 41, 47, 59, 
60-63, 72, 73, 81, 82, 86. 

Registration Department, 76. 

Repeurs and improvements, 16, 28, 29, 

Retirement fund, 16. 

Retrospect, 5, 11. 

Salaries and wages, 5, 8, 16, 30. 

Scholars and students, works for 17, 
31,48,59,60,62,69,81. (See also 
Clubs and classes.) 

Schools, work with, 6, 17, 39-41, 60, 

Shelf Department, 57. 

Skinner, Francis, bequest, 8. 

Special libraries, 61 . 

Statistical Department, 81. 

Storrow, Mrs. James J., gives fund to 
furnish room at North End Branch, 

Story hour, 74. 

Students. (See Scholars and students.) 

Sullivan, Patrick F., expenditures from 
bequest completed, 1 1 . 

Sunday and evening service, 82. 

Teachers' reference collection, 60. 

Trust funds. (See Finance.) 

Trustees, organization, 1 ; meetings, 23. 

Twenty years work, review of, 5, 11. 

University Extension Courses. (See 
Clubs and classes.) 

Upham's Corner Branch, lectures, 68. 

Wilson, Mehitable C. C, addition to 
fund, 8. 

The Public Library of the City of Boston: Printing Department. 

1 . Central Library, Copley Square. 

Branch Libraries, February I, 1913. 

2. Brighton Branch, Holton Library Building. Academy Hill Road. 

3. CharleitoWD Branch, Monument Square, cor. Monument Ave. 

4. Dorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St. 

5. East Boston Branch, 276 - 282 Meridian St. 

6. Jamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St. 

7. Roxbury Branch, 46 Millmont St. 

8. South Boston Branch, 372 Broadway. 

9. South End Branch, 397 Shawmut Ave. 

10. Upham's Comer Branch, Columbia Road, cor. Bird St. 

1 1. West End Branch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St. 

12. West Roibury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St. 

1 3. Hyde Park B ranch. Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. 

14. North End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. 

1 5. Codman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St., Dorcheste 

Delivery Stations, February I. 1915. 

A. Lower Mills Reading Room, Washington, cor. Richmond St. 

B. Roslindale Reading Room, Washington, cor. Ashland St. 

D. Matlapan Reading Room, 727 Walk Hill St. 

E. Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponsel Ave. 

F. Mount Bowdoin Reading Room, Washington, cor. Eldon St. 

G. Allston Reading Room, 6 Harvard Ave. 
H. Faneuil Reading Room, 100 Brooks St. 

N. Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Dudley, cor. Magazine St. 

P. Broadway Extension Reading Room, 13 Broadway Extension. 

R. Waiien Street Reading Room, 392 Warren St. 

S. Roxbury Crossing Reading Room, I 154 Tremont St. 

T. Boylston Station Reading Room, The Lamartine, Depot Square. 

V. City Point Reading Room, Broadway, near H St. 

X. Parker Hill Reading Room, 1518 Tremont St. 

Y. Andrew Square Reading Room, 3% Dorchester St. 

Z. Orient Heights Readrag Room, 1030 Bennington St. 

Area of Cty (Und only) 45.60 Square miles. 

Population (Census ol 1910), 686,092. 


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JUL 26 1917