•^ • .
SIXTY-FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT
CITY OF BOSTON
PUBLISHED BY THg TOOSTEES
TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
ON FEBRUARY 1, 1916.
JOSIAH H. BENTON, President.
Term expires April 30, 1919.
WILLIAM F. KENNEY. SAMUEL CARR.
Term expires April 30, 1916. Term expires April 30, 1918.
JOHN A. BRETT. ALEXANDER MANN.
Term expires April 30, 1917. Term expires April 30, 1920.
HORACE G. WADLIN.
ORGANIZATION OF THE LIBRARY DEPARTMENT.
The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston,
organized in 1 852, are now incorporated under the provisions of
Chapter 1 14, of the Acts of 1 878, as amended. The Board for
1852 was a preHminary organization; that for 1853 made the
first annual report. At first the Board consisted of one alderman
and one common councilman and five citizens at large, until
1 867, when a revised ordinance made it to consist of one alder-
man, two common councilmen and six citizens at large, two of
whom retired, unless re-elected, each year, while the members
from the City Council were elected yearly. In 1 878 the organi-
zation of the Board was changed to include one alderman, one
councilman, and five citizens at large, as before 1867; and in
1885, by the provisions of the amended city charter, the repre-
sentation of the City Government upon the Board by an alder-
man and a councilman was abolished, leaving the Board as at
present, consisting of five citizens at large, appointed by the
Mayor, for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring
each year. The following citizens at large have been members
of the Board since its organization in 1 852 :
Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, a.m., 1879-95.
Appleton, Thomas Gold, a.m., 1852-56.
Benton, Josiah Henry, ll.d., 1894-
BiGELow, John Prescott, a.m., 1852-68.
BowDiTCH, Henry Ingersoll, m.d., 1865-67.
BowDiTCH, Henry Pickering, m.d., 1894-1902.
Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902-1912.
Braman, Jarvis Dwight, 1869-72.
Brett, John Andrew, 1912-
Carr, Samuel, 1895-96, 1908-
Chase, George Bigelow, a.m., 1876-85.
Clarke, James Freeman, d.d., 1878-88.
Curtis, Daniel Sargent, a.m., 1873-75.
DeNormandie, James, d.d., 1895-1908.
Dwight, Thomas, m.d., 1899-1908.
Everett, Edward, ll.d., 1852-64.
Frothingham, Richard, ll.d., 1875-79.
Green, Samuel Abbott, m.d., 1868-78.
Greenough, William Whitwell, 1856-88.
Haynes, Henry Williamson, a.m., 1880-94.
HiLLARD, George Stillman, ll.d., 1872-75; Ky-ll.
Kenney, William Francis, a.m., 1908-
Lewis. Weston, 1868-79.
Lewis, Winslow, m.d., 1867.
Lincoln, Solomon, a.m., 1897-1907.
Mann, Alexander, d.d., 1908-
MoRTON, Ellis Wesley, 1870-73.
Pierce, Phineas, 1888-94.
Prince, Frederick Octavius, a.m., 1888-99.
Putnam, George, d.d., 1868-77.
Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95.
Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1852-68.
Thomas, Benjamin Franklin, ll.d., 1877-78.
Ticknor, George, ll.d., 1852-66.
Walker, Francis Amasa, ll.d., 1896.
Whipple, Edwin Percy., a.m., 1867-70.
Whitmore, William Henry, a.m., 1885-88.
WiNSOR, Justin, ll.d., 1867-68.
The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board
from 1 852 to 1 864 ; George Ticknor, in 1 865 ; William W.
Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof. Henry W.
Haynes, from May 7, 1888, to May 12, 1888; Samuel A.
B. Abbott, May 12, 1888, to April 30, 1895; Hon. F. O.
Prince, October 8, 1895, to May 8, 1899; Solomon Lin-
coln. May 12, 1899, to October 15, 1907; Rev. James De
Normandie, January 31, 1908, to May 8, 1908; JosiAH H.
Benton, since May 8, 1 908.
(From 1858 to 1877, the chief executive officer was entitled Superintendent.)
Capen, Edward, Librarian, May 13, 1852 -December 16, 1874.
Jewett, Charles C, Superintendent, 1858 -January 9, 1868.
WiNSOR, Justin, ll.d.. Superintendent, February 25, 1868-Septem-
ber 30, 1877.
Green, Samuel A., m.d.. Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1,
1877 -September 30, 1878.
Chamberlain, Mellen, ll.d.. Librarian, October 1, 1878 -Septem-
ber 30, 1890.
DwiGHT. Theodore F., Librarian, April 13, 1892 -April 30, 1894.
Putnam, Herbert, ll.d.. Librarian, February 1 1, 1895 -April 30,
Whitney, James L., a.m.. Acting Librarian, March 31, 1899-
December 21, 1899; Librarian, December 22, 1 899 — January 31,
Wadlin, Horace G., LITT.D., Librarian, since February 1, 1903.
LIBRARY SYSTEM, FEBRUARY 1, 1916.
fCentral Library, Copley Sq
tEast Boston Branch, llb-l'^l Meridian St. .
§South Boston Branch, 372 Broadway
lIRoxbury Branch, 46 Millmont St.
fCharlestown Branch, Monument Sq.
tBrighton Branch, Academy Hill Rd. .
^Dorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St.
§South End Branch, 397 Shawmut Ave.
tjamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St. .
JWest Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St.
fCodman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St
■fWest End Brcinch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St.
fUpham's Corner Branch, Columbia Rd., cor. Bird St.
fHyde Park Branch, Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St.
tNorth End Branch, 3a North Bennet St.
§Station A. Lower Mills Reading Room, Washington S
§ " B. Roslindale Reading Room, Washington St
Mattapan Reading Room, 727 Walk Hill St.
Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponset Ave.
Mt. Bowdoin Reading Room, Washington, cor.
Allston Reading Room, 6 Harvard Ave.
Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Vine, cor. Dudley St.
Tyler Street Reading Room, Tyler, cor. Oak St.
Warren Street Reading Room, 392 Warren St.
Roxbury Crossing Reading Room, 1 1 54 Tremonl St.
Boylston Station Reading Room, The Lamartine, De-
pot Sq ...
Andrew Square Reading Room, 396 Dorchester St.
Orient Heights Reading Room, 1030 Bennington St.
City Point Reading Room, Municipal Building, Broad-
Parker Hill Reading Room, 1518 Tremont St.
Faneuil Reading Room, 100 Brooks St. .
May 2, 1854
Mar. 16, 1896
*Jan. I, 1912
Feb. 27. 1913
June 7. 1875
Dec. 3, 1878
Dec. 27, 1881
Jan. 1, 1883
Nov. 1, 1886
Mar. 11. 1889
Apr. 29. 1892
Jan. 16. 1896
May 1. 1896
Jan. 18. 1897
Nov. I. 1897
Mar. 5, 1914
June 25. 1901
July 18. 1906
July 15. 1907
Mar. 4. 1914
II In the case of the Central Library and some of the branches and stations the opening
was in a different location from that now occupied. * As a branch. 1f In building
owned by City, and exclusively devoted to library uses. % In City building, in part
devoted to other municipal uses. § Occupies rented rooms. |1 The lessee of the
Fellowes Athenaeum, a private library association.
Report of the Trustees .
Report of the Examining Committee
Report of the Librarian .
Index to the Annual Report 1915-1916
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Central Library Building
Map of the Library System
At the end
To His Honor James M. Curley,
Ma^or of the Cit^ of Boston :
Sir, — The Board of Trustees of the Public Library of the
City of Boston present the following report of its condition and
affairs for the year ending January 31, 1916, being their sixty-
fourth annual report.
ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD.
The Board organized on May 7, 1915, by the election of
Josiah H. Benton as President, William F. Kenney, Vice Presi-
dent, and Delia Jean Deery, Clerk.
Alexander Mann, a member of the Board, was reappointed,
and qualified for the term ending April 30, 1920.
RECEIPTS OF THE LIBRARY.
The receipts of the Library are of two classes: First, those
which are to be expended by the Trustees in the maintenance of
the Library. These consist of the annual appropriation by the
City Council, and the income from Trust funds, given to the
Trustees but invested by the City Treasurer under the direction
of the Finance Committee of the City. During the past year
these receipts were as follows :
Annual appropriation ... ..... $407,688.00
Income from Trust funds ......... 20,600.91
Unexpended balance of Trust fund income of previous years . . 26,479.89
Second, receipts which are accounted for and paid into the
City treasury for general municipal purposes. These consist of
receipts from fines for the detention of books, from sales of find-
ing lists, bulletins, and catalogues; from commissions paid for
the use of telephone facilities; from sales of waste; and from
payments for lost books,
been as follows :
These receipts, during the year, have
From fines ...........
From sales of catalogues, etc. ........
From telephone commissions ........
From sales of waste .........
From sale of paper towels ........
From interest on bank deposits .......
From payments for lost books .......
The $578.89 received for lost books, being received only to
replace lost library property has, as heretofore, when paid into the
City treasury, been added to the appropriation for library mainte-
nance. A balance sheet showing all the receipts and expendi-
tures of the Library Department in detail is hereinafter contained.
Nearly all the money which the Trustees can use for the
maintenance and working of the Library system comes from the
annual appropriation by the City Council.
During the past ten years the estimates of the Trustees, the
recommendations by the Mayor, and the amounts appropriated
by the City Council have been as follows :
The appropriations for these ten years have averaged $8,406
less than the estimates of the Board. In 1906 and 1910 the
appropriations equalled the estimates, but in 1915 the appro-
priation was $20,000 less than the estimate. This is not said
by way of complaint, because we are aware of the limitations
which necessarily govern the Council in making appropriations
BY CITY COUNCIL
for maintenance. It is only stated to dispel the illusion which
the Examining Committee and many others seem to have that
the Trustees have only to ask for money to get it.
HOURS OF SERVICE.
The hours of service at the Central Library and branches
ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY.
During the year 42,973 volumes have been added to the
Library collection, as compared with 46,963 added in 1914.
Of these, 31,921 were purchased, 7,500 were given to the
Library, and the remainder were received by exchange, binding
of periodicals into volumes, etc. TTiere were purchased for
the Central Library 13,638 volumes and 18,283 for the branch
libraries and reading-room stations.
The total amount expended for books, including $6,586.19
for periodicals, $1,879.33 for newspapers, and $690.58 for
photographs, was $48,453.18 or about 11.7 per cent of the
entire expense of the Library for all purposes.
The corresponding expenditure for the year 1914 was
$59,563.18, including $7,470.49 for periodicals, $1,919.34 for
newspapers, and $602.78 for photographs, or, about 14.3 per
cent of the entire expense of the Library.
The average cost of all books purchased was $1.15 per vol-
ume, as against $1 .3 1 in 1 91 4. Of the books purchased 28,672
were bought from money appropriated by the City, at an average
cost of $1 .05 a volume, and 3,249 were bought with the income
of Trust funds, at an average cost of $2.70 a volume. The
corresponding figures for 1914 were: bought from City appro-
priation, 34,608; average cost $1.14. From Trust funds in-
come, 2,687; average cost $3,65.
BOOK CIRCULATION AND USE OF THE LIBRARY.
There were issued during the year for direct home use
299,974 volumes at the Central Library, compared with 274,669
issued in 1914, and from the Central Library through the
branches and reading-room stations 79,068 others, while the
branches and reading-room stations also issued 1 ,53 1 ,086 vol-
umes for direct home use. The corresponding figures in 1914
were 76,816 and 1,451,514. There were also issued from the
Central Library, branches and reading-room stations, for use
at schools and institutions, 224,972 volumes, as against 205,590
issued in 1914, making the entire issue for use outside the Library
buildings 2,135,100 volumes, as compared with 2,012,589 in
The use of the Library for general reference and study is un-
restricted. It is therefore impracticable to record this use statis-
tically. Its extent, however, is shown by the fact that about half
a million call slips for the table use of books in Bates Hall in the
Central Library alone are required during the year. The daily
use of books and other library material in the Central Library
and in the branches is doubtless many times greater than the
home use of books drawn out upon cards.
BINDING AND REPAIR OF BOOKS.
During the year 44,543 volumes have been bound in the
Bindery, as against 40,425 in 1914. Beside this, a large amount
of miscellaneous work has been completed, such as the folding,
stitching and trimming of 158,144 library publications, compared
with 186,650 in 1914, and the mounting of maps and photo-
graphs, the repairing of books, and making of periodical covers,
etc. The expense of performing this necessary miscellaneous
work is equivalent to about 1 7 per cent of the total expense of
the Department. The ability to do it promptly in our own
Bindery, greatly promotes the convenience, economy and effi-
ciency of the library work.
LIBRARY COOPERATION WITH SCHOOLS, ETC.
The Trustees continue to cooperate with the educational work
of the schools, and, during the past year, the Library has supplied
with books 30 branches and reading-room stations, 1 67 public and
parochial schools, 61 engine houses and 35 other institutions, and
sends out upon the average from the Central Library, about
400 volumes every day by its delivery wagons. The number of
volumes sent on deposit from the Central Library through the
branch system was 41 ,073, of which 1 0, 1 1 5 were sent to schools.
TTiere were also sent from the branches themselves and from two
of the largest reading-room stations 33,838 volumes on deposit,
distributed among 196 places. Of these, 26,638 were sent to
schools. That is to say, not only is the collection of the Central
Library used as a reservoir from which books may be drav^oi for
use in the branches and reading-room stations, but each of the
branches and reading-room stations is in itself a reservoir from
which books are drawn for use by teachers in schools in its
TYI.ER STREET AND MT. PLEASANT READING ROOMS.
The Municipal Buildings on Tyler Street and at the corner
of Dudley and Vine Streets which, respectively, contain rooms
for the former Broadway Extension and Mt. Pleasant Reading
Rooms have been completed. The Tyler Street Reading Room
was occupied and opened to the public (in place of the old
Broadway Extension Reading Room) October 29. The Mt.
Pleasant Reading Room was moved from its old location on
Dudley Street to the new room on Vine Street and opened to the
public there on September 1 7. The accommodations provided
in each case are greatly superior to those in the buildings formerly
The Trust Funds, that is, property given to the Trustees in
trust for the uses of the Library, are by law required to be
invested by the City Treasurer under the direction of the Finance
Committee of the City.
A detailed statement of these funds, and the income therefrom,
is contained in the report of the City Auditor, but a condensed
statement of the funds invested in City securities is as follows :
Ariz Fund $ 10.000.00
Bates Fund ... 50.000.00
Bigelow Fund , . . . . 1,000.00
Robert Charles Billings Fund 100.000.00
Bowditch Fund ... 10,000.00
Bradlee Fund 1,000.00
Brought fortvard .... .... $172,000.00
Joseph H. Center Fund .
Frank Clement Fund .
Henry Sargent Codman Memorial F
Cutter Fund ....
"Elizabeth Fund" under Matchett will
Daniel Sharp Ford Fund .
Franklin Club Fund
Green Fund ....
Charlotte Harris Fund
Thomas B. Harris Fund .
Franklin P. Hyde Fund .
Arthur Mason Knapp Fund
Abbott Lawrence Fund
Edward Lawrence Fund .
Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund
Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund
Charles Mead Fund .
John Boyle O'Reilly Fund
Phillips Fund ....
Pierce Fund ....
Schol field Fund
Francis Skinner Fund
South Boston Branch Library Trust F:
Ticknor Fund ....
William C. Todd Newspaper Fund
Nathan A. Tufts Fund
Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund
Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund .
Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund .
The income of these Trust Funds is used only for the purchase
of books and other library material, and of that the income from
$154»533.00 can be used only for special kinds of books. The
income of $121 ,750.00 must be spent for books designated as of
"permanent value" only. The income of only $242,534.00 is
Besides the amounts enumerated, the Trustees have received
and paid to the City Treasurer the sum of $803.85 on the Alice
Lincoln Whitney Fund, which sum for the time being is held
in uninvested cash on deposit at interest. And they have also
paid to the Treasurer the sum of $700.00 under the bequest of
James L. Whitney, formerly librarian, to be held and used for
bibliographical purposes; and from that fund $1,760.80 has
been expended for the purpose contemplated by the bequest.
BEQUESTS OF FRANKLIN P. HYDE. FRANCIS SKINNER
AND FRANK CLEMENT.
During the year, by settlement of the estate of Franklin P.
Hyde, late of Boston, and the transfer of certain securities to the
residuary legatees, of whom the Library is one, the Trustees
have received certificates of stock in various corporations, amount-
to about $2,000 in present value, which have been deposited
with the City Treasurer, eventually to be sold and the proceeds
funded as the FrankHn P. Hyde Fund. To this fund has been
added the sum of $5 1 1 in cash also received from the executor
of Mr. Hyde.
The Trustees have also received a final payment, under the
bequest of Francis Skinner, of $7,508.94, besides 1 6 shares of
stock of present value of about $896, and they have received
$1,869.77 from the sale of certain volumes given to the Library
under the same bequest, which were sold because they duplicated
volumes already in our collection. These receipts have been
transmitted to the City Treasurer, to be added to the Francis
A bequest to the Library of $2,000, under the will of Frank
Clement, of Newton, has been paid to the City Treasurer by the
Trustees, and funded as the Frank Clement Fund.
The annual income of these several funds is to be used for the
purchase of books.
ADDITIONAL BOOKS FOR BRANCH USE.
Last year, as bearing upon our estimate for library maintenance,
we called attention to the immediate and imperative necessity for
additional copies of standard books for the branches and for the
deposit collection of the branches and stated that it was impossible
to satisfy the reasonable demands of the public with the present
supply of such books. Following the purchase of 9,073 volumes
on many different subjects, which we were able to make in 1914,
5,799 volumes have been bought during the present year, costing
about $5,000. TTiese are chiefly books for young readers (in
grades 1 to 3 of the schools), books for older boys and girls,
standard fairy tales (in constant demand) and additional vol-
umes of selected fiction (issued during the past ten years).
REQUESTS FOR NEW READING ROOM STATIONS.
Requests for opening new reading-room stations frequently
reach the Trustees, supported by petitions or communications
from interested citizens. We may repeat what we said last year :
Reading rooms must be opened by special appropriation from the City
Government, but when once opened they must be maintained out of the
regular annual appropriation, and the expense for service, books, trans-
portation, rent, light, heat and care is thus constantly enlarged. To increase
the number of reading rooms without at the same time enlarging our financial
resources, is simply to place burdens upon the existing svstem. If only a
given amount of money is available for books or service, and the number
of places where books must be kept or service rendered is increased, then
every pre-existing place must bear its share of the diminished expenditure
in order that the hew reading room may be supplied. What the Library
needs for the present, and from the point of economy and efficient adminis-
tration, is enlarged equipment to make more effective the operation of its
present agencies of public service, rather than the establishment of new
NEW BUILDINGS FOR BRANCHES.
The expenditures for the addition to the Central Building,
and the state of the finances of the City probably preclude any
immediate expenditure for other buildings for the Library Depart-
ment. As we have pointed out before, however, there should
be new buildings at West Roxbury and in South Boston as soon
as the money can be provided.
The West Roxbury Branch now occupies an old wooden
building, entirely inadequate, and not well located. The South
Boston Branch now occupies, as it has since 1872, leased rooms,
up one flight from the street, which are neither well adapted to
modern branch administration or accessible without going up
stairs. The work of both of these branches is increasing, and the
South Boston Branch is one of the largest in our system.
ESTIMATES FOR 1916.
The estimates of the amount required for maintenance of
the Library during the coming year, sent in as required by City
ordinance, amount to $432,294.00.
The Act of the Legislature (Chapter 114 of 1878) consti-
tuting the Trustees a corporation provides that the Board shall
fix the salaries of its employees individually, and for that purpose
requires an appropriation for salaries in a lump sum, leaving
individual salaries to be increased or decreased in the discretion
of the Board, and the appropriation has always been made in
that way. This year the Budget schedule sent to us for our
estimates requires salaries to be itemized and apparently con-
templates an itemized appropriation. If the appropriation is thus
made it takes away the power of the Board to fix the salaries
of its employees. It also results in requiring an estimate for
salaries to an amount in excess of what will actually be paid, it
being impossible to take into account, as heretofore, the allowance
for lost time in the estimates. By "lost time" we mean time
lost and not paid for by absence of employees from service on
account of illness, by reason of vacations granted with loss of
pay, or for other causes; or due to vacancies occurring for
longer or shorter periods on account of the death or resignation
of employees and pending the appointment of new incumbents.
This has heretofore been taken into account in making the esti-
mate for salaries. It is impossible to take it into account in an
itemized estimate made in advance for it is impossible to charge
this lost time upon the individuals who will lose it.
The Board desires to meet the requirements of the Budget
schedule as far as possible, and we have accordingly made our
estimates for full time salaries amounting to $304,439.00, but
we have suggested to Your Honor and the Council the propriety
of making the appropriation for salaries in the Library Department
in a lump sum as heretofore. If this is done our estimate for
salaries will be $296,675.00.
ADDITION TO CENTRAL LIBRARY FACILITIES.
The necessity for an addition to the Central Library building
to which we have frequently called attention, caused the Trustees
to apply to your Honor in October last for an appropriation for
We said :
The Trustees of the Public Library desire to bring again to your
attention the urgent and imperative necessity of providing for the re-location
of the boilers of the central library building, outside the central building;
the need of additional room for the Branch Department, which is now
operated, together with its deposit collection, in the central building in con-
tracted and somewhat unsanitary quarters; the lack of space in the present
library building for our collections, which have already encroached on
the Special Libraries' floor to such an extent as to impair seriously the
proper use of it, and many of which are stored in the basement of the
building; and also the fact that our Printing and Binding Departments
are now located in leased quarters at some distance from the central building.
The central building was opened in 1895, and three boilers for heat-
ing the building and running the dynamos to hght it were placed under
the grand staircase in the center of the building twenty-four years ago.
Any accident to these boilers, which have now nearly reached the normal
limit of their life, would cause injury to the staircase and to the paintings
above which would be absolutely irreparable.
The Branch Library deposit collection from which books are sent to
the various branches and deposit stations of the Library was not provided
for when the central building was constructed. It was placed in the only
position which it could occupy in the building, in its present limited quarters.
Upon the operation of this department of the Library the branches depend
for an adequate and sufficient supply of books. It is the very heart of
the library system. If the flow of books through It is impeded the whole
Branch service suffers. Any Impairment of its work is felt in all the
thirty branches and in the 255 deposit stations, such as engine houses,
schools and Institutions. This department of the Library work has in-
creased in the last twenty years nearly one hundred and fifty per cent,
and the pressure upon it by reason of insufficient accommodation at the
Central Library has become insupportable.
The books in the Central Library have more than doubled in number, and
in many departments have long since outgrown the space appropriated to
them. This has resulted in crowding the corridors, and in placing more
than 50,000 volumes in the basement
These matters have been called to our attention and to the attention
of the City Government many times by the Examining Committees. We
need only refer to the reports of the Examining Committees of 1912—13,
1913—14 and 1914—15. They have also been referred to in the various
reports of the Board to your Honor.
There is but one way to remedy these difficulties, and that is to take the
three estates adjoining the central building, on Blagden Street, and there
erect a suitable well-arranged and well-lighted building for use. We have
caused preliminary plans to be made for such a building. It will provide
for placing the boilers outside the present building where they ought to be,
and from which heat and power can be easily transmitted to the present
building. It will provide ample and sufficient accommodation for the
Branch Department and its deposit collection. It will also provide room
for the books which are now necessarily placed in the corridors and base-
ment of the present building, and for the further expansion of the Library
for some time to come; and in the upper story there will be space for the
Printing and Binding Departments ample for their purpose.
Such a building could be constructed, according to the best estimates we
can obtain, for $1 64,003.
The three estates which must be taken cover 68 feet in width by 1 00
feet in depth, on which could be erected a building 68 X 90 to the height
of the present Library cornice, and to a depth of the basement of the present
building. The three estates with the buildings thereon are assessed for
$98,000. If we add twenty-five per cent to this we should have
$122,500. This would make the total cost of the land and buildings
We commend this plan to you as the only plan for relieving the very
serious difficulties under which the library now suffers, and we earnestly urge
upon you the importance of an appropriation for this purpose.
In response to this your Honor, on November first, recom-
mended appropriations as follows: for land, $130,000.00; for
building, $170,000.00. After a hearing before the Finance
Committee of the Council, this recommendation was approved
and the appropriations made by the Council on the twenty-second
day of November, and their action was approved by your Honor
on the twenty-fourth of November. The Street Commissioners
have taken the land, the compensation to the owners amounting
to $122,500.00 as awarded by the Commissioners has been
paid, building plans are being prepared, and advertisement for
contracts will be made as soon as possible.
We wish to express our appreciation of the prompt action of
your Honor and the Council in this important matter.
An annual inventory is made, at the end of each year, of the
personal property of the Library, except books and other material
shown on the catalogue or included in the catalogue shelf list.
As required by the City Ordinance, we appointed an Examin-
ing Committee for this year, and joined the President of the
Library Board with it, as Chairman. Those who were appointed
and who have served as members of the Committee are as
f ollow^s :
Mr. Horace G. Allen. Rev. Lemuel H. Murlin.
Dr. J. Bapst Blake. Mr. Michael J. Murray.
Mr. William M. Bogart. Mrs. John F. O'Brien.
Mr. George E. Brock. Miss Anne M. Paul.
Mrs. Augustine J. Bulger. Dr. Melville F. Rogers.
Rev. Edwin H. Byington. Mr. Henry N. Sheldon.
Mr. Arthur B. Chapin. Mr. Foster Stearns.
Mrs. James A. Dorsey. Mr. George S. Stockwell.
Mr. Augustus A. Fales. Mr. Charles S. Sullivan.
Mrs. James P. Holland. Mr. E. Mark Sullivan.
Dr. Henry Jackson. Mr. Cranmore N. Wallace.
Mrs. Lawrence J. Logan. Mr. Otto A. Wehrle.
To enable this Committee to perform its duties w^ith con-
venience and efficiency the follov^ing sub-committees were ap-
ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE.
This Committee considered the administration of the Library, its work-
ing as an entire system, including the Central Library and all branches and
reading-room stations, and, in connection with this, its financial manage-
ment, including the sources from which its revenue is derived, and the
manner in which it is expended. Its members were:
Mr. Allen, Chairman.
Mr. Murray. Mr. Chapin.
Mr. Stockwell. Mr. Wallace.
This Committee gave attention to all matters connected with the acqui-
sition and use of books and other library material, in the Central Library
and branches. Its members were:
Mr. Sheldon, Chairman.
Dr. Jackson. Mrs. Logan.
FINE ARTS and MUSIC.
This Committee gave attention to these Departments, including the
circulation of pictures from the Central Library and branches. Its
Dr. Blake, Chairman.
Mr. Stearns. Miss Paul.
PRINTING AND BINDING.
This Committee examined and considered all matters connected with
the Departments of Printing and Binding, with special attention to the
expenses of the Departments and the products of each of them. Its
members were :
Mr. Wehrle, Chairman. Mr. Bogart.
BRANCHES AND READING-ROOM STATIONS.
It was thought best to divide the branches and reading-room stations
into groups in different parts of the City, and appoint a Committee to
examine and report with regard to each group. These groups and the
several Committees thus appointed were as follows:
SOUTH BOSTON AND SOUTH END BRANCHES, ANDREW SQUARE, CITY POINT AND
TYLER STREET READING ROOMS.
Dr. Jackson, Chairman.
Mrs. Holland. Mrs. Logan.
CHARLESTOWN AND EAST BOSTON BRANCHES, ORIENT HEIGHTS READING ROOM.
Mr. Fales, Chairman.
Mrs. Bulger. Mr. C. S. Sullivan.
BRIGHTON, JAMAICA PLAIN, WEST ROXBURY AND HYDE PARK BRANCHES, ROSLINDALE,
BOYLSTON STATION, WARREN STREET, ROXBURY CROSSING, PARKER HILL,
ALLSTON AND FANEUIL READING ROOMS.
Mr. Murray, Chairman.
Mr. E. M. Sullivan. Mrs. Dorsey.
DORCHESTER, ROXBURY, UPHAM's CORNER, AND CODMAN SQUARE BRANCHES,
MT. PLEASANT, MT. BOWDOIN, LOWER MILLS, MATTAPAN AND
NEPONSET READING ROOMS.
Dr. Rogers, Chairman.
Rev. E. H. Byington. Mrs. Holland.
WEST END AND NORTH END BRANCHES.
Rev. L. H. Murlin, Chairman.
Mr. Allen. Mr. Wehrle.
children's department and work with schools.
This Committee gave special attention to the work which the Library
is doing for children, and also to what it is doing in connection with the
schools, with regard not only to the way in which the work is done, but
also as to its extension and its limitation. Its members were :
Mr. Brock, Chairman.
Mrs. Bulger. Mr. Stockwell.
For the purpose of receiving the reports of the work of the various other
sub-committees, and preparing a draft report of the Examining Committee
to be considered by it in a meeting of all its members, and for any other
general purpose connected with the examination of the Library system, a
sub-committee, called the General Committee was appointed. Its members
Rev. L. H. Murlin, Chairman.
Mr. Brock. Mr. Sheldon.
The report of the Committee is hereto annexed and included as
part of this report.
The Trustees have held meetings each week during the year
with the exception of the summer months, the number being
thirty-five; and one or more of them have given attention to the
Library affairs at other times, substantially daily throughout the
But all this would be of no avail except for the intelligent and
faithful service of the Librarian and all his assistants. We desire
to commend the excellence of their work and the fidelity of their
service to the interests of the Library and the City.
JosiAH H. Benton,
William F. Kenney,
John A. Brett.
BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND
Central Library and Branches:
To expenditures for salaries —
Sunday and evening force .
James L. Whitney bibliographic account
To expenditures for books —
From City appropriation .
Trust funds income .
Carnegie gift, Galatea collection
To general expenditures —
Newspapers from Todd fund income
Furniture and fixtures
Ice , .
Freights and cartage
Transportation between Central and B
Postage and telegrams
Travelling expenses (
Lecture account (including lantern
To expenditures for salaries
To general expenditures —
Stock . . . ■
Electric light and power
Contract work .
Freights and cartage .
Small supplies, ice, repairs, furni
lure and fixtures
EXPENSES, JANUARY 31, 1916.
By City Appropriation, 1915-16
Income fiom Trust funds
Income from James L. Whitney bibliographic account
Interest on deposit (London) .
Payments received for lost books
Credit on insurance premiums .
By Balances brought forward, February 1
Trust funds income on deposit in London .
City appropriation on deposit in London .
Trust funds income. City Treasury .
Carnegie gift for Galatea collection .
James L. Whitney bibliographic account
Interest on deposit in London .
BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND
To expenditures for salaries .....
To general expenditures —
Stock . .
Electric light and power .....
Freights and cartage
Small supplies, ice, repairs, furniture and fixtures
To Amount Paid into City Treasury:
From fines .....
Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists
Commission on telephone stations
Sale of waste paper
Sale of paper towels (slot machines)
Interest on bcuik deposit .
To Balance, January 31, 1916:
Trust funds income on deposit in London
City appropriation on deposit in London .
Trust funds income balance, City Treasury
Carnegie gift for Galatea collection .
James L. Whitney bibliographic account .
Interest on deposit in London .
EXPENSES. JANUARY 31, 1916.
Brought forruard .
From fines .....
Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists
Commission on telephone stations
Sale of waste paper
Sale of paper towels (slot machine)
Interest on bank deposit
REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE.
To THE Trustees of the Public Library of the
City of Boston :
We beg to transmit through you to the City Government the
Report of the Examining Committee appointed by you according
REPORT OF THE GENERAL COMMITTEE.
The Boston Public Library is a great educational organiza-
tion under the direction of trained experts. It consists of the
Central Library in Copley Square with 14 branch libraries
and 16 reading rooms evenly distributed over the city at 30
strategic centers; books and pictures are distributed among 167
public and parochial schools, 61 engine houses and 35 institu-
tions; the branches provide service to 196 depositories and sta-
tions; so that not only is the Central Library "a reservoir from
w^hich the books may be draw^n for use in the branches and
reading rooms, but each of these, in turn, is a reservoir from
w^hich books are drawn." TTie records show that almost two
million books circulated last year, these being taken from the
Central Library and its branches to be used at home. The
number of persons served in the reading rooms is half a million
more; and those served at the open shelves and reading tables,
with books, magazines, and newspapers must be many times
that number. The Library cooperates with the public, parochial,
and private schools, beginning with the very youngest of school
age; besides it has well-equipped children's departments at the
libraries, under the supervision of trained specialists. The Li-
brary also cooperates with the numerous colleges, universities
and other institutions of higher learning in and about Boston so
that many of them rely largely upon the Public Library for
their library facilities. Finally, and perhaps most important of
all, it ranks among the most complete American libraries in
accommodations for scholars and authors in their research and
writing. The equipment for this educational service represents
a capital investment approximating eight million dollars, given
in part by the State of Massachusetts, in part by public spirited
citizens, but for the most part by the City of Boston. On its
payroll are about six hundred employees ; the annual cost for light,
heat, supplies, janitors, engineers, cataloguers, readers, distribu-
tors, librarians, custodians, purchase of books, etc., demands
an annual expenditure of half a million dollars; the actual cost,
however, is much less. This is made possible by the able and
efficient administration of an unsalaried Board of Trustees; by a
self-sacrificing corps of workers, the average wage of whom is
less than similar service in the other departments of the city,
including the public schools; there is no retiring allowance or
pension fund; and, most regretable of all, the Trustees, owing
to the financial limitations under which they labor, are not
able to buy as many new books annually as the patrons of the
Library require. The Trustees are conservative in their askings
of the City Council ; they keep their expenditures within appro-
priations; our careful investigation fully persuades us that the
funds are administered with great economy and efficiency.
Says the Committee on Administration and Finance:
Continued growth and progress can be made only under the leadership
of men of ability, and who are interested in its welfare; your Committee
believes that the Board of Trustees who give their labor without financial
recompense, and the able Hbrarian and his assistants, are entitled to
commendation for the broad scope of the Library and its activities. They
find the affairs well and carefully administered and the institution doing good
and effective work. The finances appear to be well administered, the
expenditures wisely made ; and with the bills and payments checked by the
City Auditing Department, we would make no criticism or suggestion for
improvement. We commend to the City Council as generous an appro-
priation of funds as is consistent with the needs of the city in its other
The great end of this library service is to place the best books
in circulation and use among the people. On this point the
Committee on Books says :
In exanuning the books of the Library we have had in mind that
they constitute the essential and all-important feature of the institution
and that all its other parts and all the details of its administration are
for the final purpose of acquiring the necessary books and of putting
them to use, either by circulating them among readers or by making them
available for purposes of enjoyment, culture, study or investigation by
those who can derive advantage or assistance from their contents. The
books are designed for the people, adults and children, educated and
uneducated, those who care only for amusement and those who seek instruc-
tion. The Library was founded and is maintained out of the money
and for the benefit of all of these and its aim must be to satisfy the wants
of all of them. It is, of course, to be regretted that the necessary limits
of expenditure prevent the complete satisfaction of all the needs that it
otherwise could be made to serve. There must be many books, highly
desirable to be put upon the shelves, which cannot be procured. All
classes must share in this deprivation. Lovers of the highest literature
and lovers of the sensational novel which may have little or no literary
merit must alike fail to have all their desires gratified. Scholars who desire
to carry their researches deeply into recondite branches of art or science
may need to supplement what they can obtain here by resorting to more
specialized libraries in the immediate vicinity. Readers of fiction and
lovers of poetry may not find here all that they desire of their favorite
authors; and the more cultivated their taste, the higher their appreciation
of the delicate shades of literary art, the greater may be the shortcomings
to them, though they should remember that a distinguished English critic
has declared that it is very difficult, a work of fine discrimination, to dis-
tinguish between different degrees of literary merit. After all the chief
merit of books lies in its appeal to the minds and hearts of their readers
and that appeal is conditioned upon the capacity of those readers.
With these general views in our minds, and having regard to the amount
of money available for the purchase of books, we have examined, so far
as our time has allowed the well-kept catalogues of the library and the
lists of accessions during the year now ending. And we are satisfied that
the money spent for books and periodical publications has been used under
competent guidance and with good judgment. The library offers to the
public a constantly increasing store of volumes in every department of art,
science and literature. Its liberal supply of newspapers and magazines
gives to a large number of people the means af acquainting themselves with
current events and of obtaining a general view of life at home and abroad.
Much also has been done for immigrants and their children, especially
the French, the Germans and the Italians ; recently there have been several
purchases of books for Poles and Bohemians. We confidently expect that
as increasing numbers of other races call for greater consideration of their
wants, this need also will be met with a sufficient supply.
While a very great, perhaps the greatest part of the work of a public
library should be to provide for the gratification, the edification and the
mental profit of those who by reason either of poverty or ignorance cannot
make adequate provision for themselves, yet it remains true that such an
institution must base its claims to approval and support, not so much upon
the number of its volumes as upon their real value, — their value, that is,
to the readers for whom they are intended. Those readers in this case
include all classes from richest to poorest, people of all tastes from highest
to lowest and all degrees of education and culture. We find in the books
that here are offered for use evidence that an earnest and intelligent effort
has been made to meet the needs of all these people. That there should
be some deficiencies is unavoidable; that if the selection had rested in the
hands of others, equally well qualified and animated by an equal desire
to reach the best results, some different choices would have been made, is,
of course, manifest. But taking everything into account, we are convinced
that the needs of the public have been well met, and that the books which
make up the library are substantially what they ought to be; that proper
appropriation of the funds to works of permanent value, in contradistinction
to books serving merely for the amusement of idle hours, has been made.
It was gratifying to see the large number of the books which are open to
public examination in Bates Hall and especially the many books on particu-
lar subjects that may at any time become of marked interest.
The carefully kept record of each book from the time it enters the
Library until it is placed upon the shelves and while it is in circulation, the
exactness of the card catalogues, and the absolute cleanliness of the Library
as a whole, have much impressed us. The management is to be congratu-
lated upon the intelligence of its employees and their evident interest in their
work. It seemed to us in going through the different departments as if we
were visiting a private library watched over by an enthusiastic bibliophile.
Such excellence can be obtained only from competent and interested workers.
One good result of their attention is that the mutilation of books and plates,
which cannot be wholly avoided, has been diminished this year.
We feel that the citizens of Boston have a right to be proud of their
Library and of the collection of books which it contains, as well as of the
care and intelligence with which its stores are made available.
The Committee of Fine Arts finds much satisfaction in the
work of this department, in its growing equipment, and in the
spirit of usefulness and efficiency of thp staff; it looks forward
with great pleasure to the new addition on Blagden Street when
material belonging to the Statistical Department now stored here,
will be removed and this department will have enlarged accom-
modations. The Committee inquires whether this department
should not give more emphasis to its service in Industrial Arts and
to this end recommends that there be added to the staff one assis-
tant having special knowledge in this field.
TTie Committee on Music congratulates the city on having so
unique a collection of volumes on music as they find in the Library,
referring particularly to the Brown Collection which "makes a
reference library well nigh perfect.*' It inquires whether the
music books intended for circulation cannot be housed in the
space adjoining the Brown Collection, expressing the hope that
"the circulating musical library will speedily be enlarged." The
report heartily commends the capable and sympathetic work
of the custodian.
The Committee on the Children's Department and Work tifith
the Schools found much to commend, in the generous aid given
to the public school teachers and pupils by the circulation of
books, papers and pictures as the teachers might request; they
commented most favorably upon the beautiful work done with
the children at the Central Library and its branches; they were
greatly impressed with the Story Hour service as they saw it in
operation; the good results are apparent in acquainting the chil-
dren with books they should read, in the improvement in the con-
duct of the children, in the more intimate and helpful personal
relations developed between the children and the staflf, and in
the increase in the circulation of the less familiar books. The
Committee having the highest estimate of this work in connection
with the schools, suggests that the Trustees might well issue
another circular similar to the one issued some time ago entitled
"Privileges which the Boston Public Library offers to Public and
Parochial Schools." They recognize that this may create a
wide-spread demand upon the resources of the Library which it
might be impossible to meet ; but that the importance of bringing
all the children under the influence of the Library is so great that
the Trustees may well risk the possibility. While urging this
policy for specifically children's books and the Story Hour ser-
vice, the Committee does not feel that the libraries and reading
rooms should be a place for what is known in school circles as
supplementary reading, as the schools are already equipped with
such books ; the Library's service should supplement and enlarge
the work which the Public Schools should do.
So large an enterprise as the Public Library must require much
printing and binding. For this reason the Library owns and
operates its own plant ; it finds this method more satisfactory and
less expensive than if done by contract. The Committee agrees
with the Trustees that this arrangement is quite satisfactory, and in
the interest of efficiency and economy. They find the plant
small but well organized and wisely administered.
The 30 branches and reading-room stations were arranged
by geographical location into five convenient groups for visitation,
and a sub-committee appointed to each group. In reading the
reports for former years we discover there was much to praise
but also much of which to complain. But the Trustees have
been enterprising, the City has been generous, and gradually the
grounds of complaint have been disappearing. This year's
reports are replete with commendations, and have little of which
to complain. We quote from a report:
The sub-committee to examine the West End and North End Branches
found the properties in first class condition and well maintained. At each
library there was every evidence of an intelligent and sympathetic under-
standing among the officers of administration in their purposes, spirit and
methods. The relations existing between the library and the public seem
to be most happy and cordial. These branches are most effectively serving
And here is another report illustrative of most of the reports :
As a Committee, we visited the branch libraries assigned to us for
inspection, namely the City Point Reading Room, the South Boston Branch,
the Andrew Square Reading Room, the South End Branch and the Tyler
Street Reading Room.
In the first place, we feel it is incumbent upon us to congratulate the
Trustees and the City of Boston on the great benefit to the citizens of Boston
from the establishment of these branches. As a whole we found them
clean, well-heated, and, in most cases, adequately lighted. A single
visit assured us that much of the good accomplished resulted from the
intelligent supervision and devotion to their work of a very capable corps
of custodians; each custodian apparently differed from the others, in their
methods of administration, and several gave us views as to the management
of their branch, which seemed to us of much value in the special branch
We were glad to find in most of the libraries attractive pictures of value
to students, and would emphasize the great value of adequate maps easily
available for study and inspection, which we found in the South Boston
Branch at 372 Broadway.
Aside from their value as reading rooms, the daily circulation of books
is large, ranging from 190 in the small Andrew Square Branch to 600 in
the South Boston Branch; the average circulation of the five branches
visited was from 300 to 400 books daily.
These reports are not all praise ; there are a few which complain
of conditions which can, and doubtless will be, quickly remedied :
The Dorchester Branch is poorly situated in a building with the police
station and the district court. Its ceilings would be a discredit to the
dingiest tenement in that region.
Several other suggestions are made of minor improvements in
the buildings or service, all of which will have the attention of
the administration. There were also several suggestions made
by the Committee on Administration and Finance ; some of them
are in process of adjustment; others await only additional funds.
But most of them will be adjusted so soon as the new facilities
on Blagden Street are provided. We congratulate our citizens
that by this new acquisition to its resources the Library affords
new evidence of the interest of the Mayor and Council in this
vastly important city enterprise. We also congratulate the
Trustees that they have carried the new enterprise along with
such consummate skill and marked economy. Such service is a
gratifying instance of the highest type of civic patriotism.
Adopted at a meeting of the General Committee on January
Della Jean Deery,
REPORT OF THE LIBRARIAN.
To the Board of Trustees:
I respectfully submit my report for the year ending January
REPAIRS AND IMPROVEMENTS.
At the Central Library building only minor repairs have been
made during the year, confined to such matters as always require
attention in the operation of the plant. Occasional leaks in the
steam pipes have been stopped, worn valves and valve stems have
been replaced, and the fire boxes under the three boilers have
been re-lined, and repairs have been made on the walls of the
boiler setting. New counter weight drum ropes have been
placed on the electric elevator, and a new governor rope and
other worn parts attached to the hydraulic passenger elevator.
Other routine repairs have been attended to, and the entire steam
plant and the dynamos and motors are in good order. The
boilers are regularly inspected by the Hartford Steam Boiler and
Inspection Company, and the elevators also, by the Otis Com-
The book railway and pneumatic tube system connecting
the stacks and the delivery desks shows the effect of wear due to
constant operation in the service since its installation and should
before long undergo renovation, with the introduction, possibly,
of improvements in mechanical parts which have been devised
since its construction.
Important changes and improvements in the lighting system
of the Central building have been made. All the table lamps
and the lamps on the catalogue cases in the Brown Music Room
have been discontinued, and in place thereof semi-indirect ceiling
fixtures with nitrogen lamps have been introduced. Other semi-
indirect fixtures have been installed in this building experimen-
tally or permanently. Repairs on the tile roof, as heretofore,
have been required after severe winter storms. The roof to the
arcade surrounding the courtyard will eventually require more
extensive repairs than have yet been given to it. Its original
construction was poorly adapted to the rigors of our climate, and
its condition creates problems not easily solved. Up to the
present time nothing has been done to it, except such ordinary
repairs as would carry the work until more extensive reconstruc-
tion can be undertaken.
The following are the principal repairs and improvements at
the branch libraries:
New shelving as required to provide for the gradual increase
in number of volumes at Charlestown, Codman Square, Roxbury,
Mattapan, Neponset, Mt. Bowdoin, Allston, Warren Street,
Roxbury Crossing, Parker Hill.
At East Boston and Charlestown stereopticons with reflecto-
scope attachments and full equipment have been installed as
intended when the new buildings were planned. At East Bos-
ton, also, the front lawn spaces have been planted with shrub-
bery. The West End Branch building has been entirely re-
painted on the interior, and the iron fencing on the exterior has
been repainted. Linoleum carpet has been laid on the children's
gallery in this building. At the Roxbury Branch repainting,
with other repairs, has been done by our landlord, the Fellowes
Athenaeum. The renovating, required by constant use, has been
carried out at the North End Branch, and new linoleum carpet
provided for the Warren Street Reading Room.
By the completion of the municipal buildings on Tyler Street
and at the corner of Dudley and Vine Streets, the reading-rooms
formerly operated on Broadway Extension and on Dudley Street
have been provided with new and excellently planned quarters,
equipped with new furniture. The improvement thus made
possible has long been needed since the old quarters occupied by
these reading-rooms were entirely inadequate for the proper
operation of the stations. The new rooms are attractive and con-
venient, and the circulation in each case has increased since the
removal, and will, no doubt, continue to increase.
The building previously leased for the Faneuil Reading Room
has now become the property of the City, and is a valuable
addition to the library plant.
THE USE OF BOOKS.
The efficiency of a library is popularly supposed to be meas-
ured by the number of books lent for home use, as shown by the
figures of recorded circulation. Such figures are easily obtained,
while other and in many cases more important operations cannot
be expressed in statistics. The total number of volumes lent
for use outside the buildings, termed "home use" circulation, for
the year covered by this report was 2,135,100. This compares
with 2,012,589, for the preceding year, an advance of more
than six percent beyond what was then the highest recorded
circulation since the establishment of the library.
The details of this circulation are shown in the following tables,
based, so far as they relate to the Central Library, upon the
annual report of Mr. Frank C. Blaisdell, Chief of the Issue
Department, and, so far as they relate to the branch libraries,
upon the monthly reports of the custodians :
CIRCULATION FROM CENTRAL BY MONTHS.
February. 1915 . . 33.419
January, 1 9
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The figures are condensed into the following :
Bool(s lent for Home Use, including Circulation through Schools and Insiilulions.
From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through the
branches and reading-room stations) 464,235
From breinches and reading-room stations (other than books received from
Total number of volumes lent for home use and through schools and
Comparative. 1914-15. 1915-16.
Central Library circulation (excluding
schools and institutions) :
Direct home use ... . 274,669 299,974
Through branches and reading-room
stations for home use . . . 76,057 79,068
Branch Department circulation (exclud-
ing schools and institutions) :
Direct home use
From branch collections . 947,870 975,151
From reading-room stations . . 503,644 555,929
Schools and institutions circulation (in-
cluding books from Central through
the Branch system) . . . 210,349 224,972
2,012.589 2. i 35. 100
It seems necessary to repeat from previous reports that, what-
ever may be the value of statistics of circulation, they do not show
the reference use of books within the various reading-rooms, mean-
ing by that term the use of books by students, scholars engaged
in important investigations, by teachers in connection with their
work, by the members of the various University Extension
Courses, as well as by a considerable number of readers who
prefer to use books at the Hbrary instead of at home. This
reading-room use continually increases not only at the Central
Library but at the branches, and, as stated last year,
"Figures are cold, the human element alone is really significant, and
the best evidence of the value of such a library as ours, is not the mere
number of books charged against borrowers, but the presence of hundreds
of readers of all ages who may be found constantly in the different rooms
throughout the system engaged either in serious study or in recreative
By our system of operation, the collection of books at the
Central Library is drawn upon through applications made at the
branches, and the borrower, who may live in an outlying part
of the City, need not come to the Central building if he is not
inconvenienced by the delay of a few hours, required in the trans-
mission of a desired book by our wagon delivery. During the
past year 79,260 volumes have been sent out from the Central
Library to fill applications made at branches. This is an increase
from 76,816 the number sent out in the preceding year. The
reports from the Branch Department show that the proportion
of unsuccessful applications received from the branches, (that
is, unsuccesful because the desired book was already in the hands
of another borrower) has this year dropped from 46 to 38 per
cent. There have been larger demands than usual for books
relating to subjects of education ; and many requests for books on
technical subjects ( not possible to keep in the branch collections
without expensive duplication). The books classed as fiction,
(including imaginative literature for young readers, as well as
standard novels) comprised 63 per cent of the number sent from
the Central Library on branch applications. The number of
volumes sent from the special deposit collection at the Central
Library for use by study clubs, or at various institutions (96 in
number) was 41,073.
Unbound periodicals numbering 37,570 have been sent to
City institutions and various other authorized places.
By what is known as the Inter-Library Loan System, within
which various libraries are included, we may borrow, for the
temporary use of our readers, books which we do not own and
which cannot be easily obtained, the reciprocal arrangement pro-
viding for occasionally lending, under similar circumstances, books
from this library. The statistics of this circulation, for two
successive years appear in the following statement:
Lent from this library to other libraries in Massachusetts . . 1,165 1,109
Lent to libraries outside Massachusetts 282 280
Totals 1,447 1.389
From libraries in Massachusetts ...... 184 230
From libraries outside Massachusetts ..... 76 48
Totals 260 278
Borrowed from other libraries for use here .... 38 67
Books lent under the inter-library plan, are those temporarily
required by the borrowing library for the purpose of serious
The classified "home use" circulation of the branches (read-
ing-room stations not included) is as follows, for two successive
Fiction for adults 31.6 33.0
Fiction for juvenile readers ...... 39.2 38.0
Non-fiction for adults 12.5 14.0
Non-fiction for juvenile readers ..... 16.7 15.0
At the Central Library the "home use" circulation shows the
Ficrion 45.23 4526
Non-fiction 54.77 54.74
The fiction for adult readers includes a considerable proportion
of so-called "classic" or standard fiction, i.e., the works of Scott,
Dickens, Thackeray, and the later writers of established reputa-
tion, both English and American, as well as current fiction.
The fiction for juvenile readers includes the standard fairy tales,
and imaginative literature, new and old, adapted to children of
The total number of volumes added to the library collection
for the year covered by this report (by purchase, gift or other-
wise) was 42.973, besides 917 volumes received by purchases,
23 received by gift, and 26 volumes of periodicals bound, on
account of Fellowes Athenaeum, and deposited in the Roxbury
Branch. The details relating to these accessions are shown in
the following tables :
Books acquired by purchase.
For the Central Library:
From City appropriation .
From Trust Funds income
For branches and reading-room stations:
From City appropriation . . 21,104 17,417
From Trust Funds income . . 1,041 866
By Fellowes Alhenaeiun (for the Rox-
bury Branch) .... 923 917
Totals 238,218 32,838
The following statement includes the accessions by purchase
combined with books received by gift or otherwise:
Accessions by purchase (including 917 volumes by
Fellowes Athenaeum, for Roxbury Branch) .
Accessions by gift (including 23 volumes through
Fellowes Athenaeum, for Roxbury Branch) .
Accessions by Statistical Department
Accessions by exchange .....
Accessions of periodicals (bound) .
Accessions of newspapers (bound)
23,794 20,145 43,939
PURCHASES OF FICTION.
Of current fiction, 762 volumes have been considered, and of
this number 145 different titles accepted for purchase; and 2,312
copies have been bought for circulation in the Central Library
and branches. The total amount expended for new accessions
in fiction was $2,683.93, and the average cost per volume $1.16.
The replacement of worn-out copies of fiction and the purchase
of additional copies to meet demand has cost $1 1 ,894. (covering
12,521 volumes). The entire expenditure for books of this
class therefore was $14,577.93, and this constitutes a little
more than 36 per cent, of the entire cost of books of all kinds.
This is a somewhat larger proportionate expenditure for fiction
than usual, but it includes an exceptional purchase of additional
copies of imaginative literature for young readers, fairy tales,
etc. (classed as fiction) and additional copies of standard fiction
published within ten years, purchased for branch circulation.
The report of Miss Hieodosia E. Macurdy, Chief of the
Ordering Department, presents details as to important accessions,
including the following:
From the works of importance bought for the Central Library the
following are selected:
Books relating to or published in Boston, J 697—1 79 f .
Brown, Jeremiah (?). Christ's example, and the fashion of the world: or
a ticket looking-glass, with which every one may see his faults. New-
England: Printed for the author. M, DCC, LXVIII.
Cheever, Ezekiel. A short introduction to the Latin tongue. For the
use of the lower forms in the Latin school. Being the accidence ab-
bridg'd (sic) and compiled in that most easy and accurate method,
wherein the famous Mr. Ezekiel Cheever taught. The 3d edition.
Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, for Benj. Eliot at his Shop in
King Street. 1724.
Colmah, Benjamin. The duty and honour of aged women, delivered
at the lecture in Boston, March 15, 1711, after the funeral of the
excellent, Mrs. Abigail Foster, consort and relict of the late honourable
John Foster, Esqr. Boston: N. E. Printed by B. Green, for Joanna
Perry, at her shop over against the south side of the Town House.
Culmann, Leonhard. Sententiae pueriles Anglo-Latinae. Quas e diver-
sis authoribus ohm collegerat, Leonardus Culman; et in vernaculum
sermonem nuperrime transtulit, Carolus Hoole: pro primis Latinae
linguae tyronibus . . . Sentences for children, English and Latin.
Collected out of sundry authors long since, by Leonard Culman; and
now translated into English by Charles Hoole: for the first entrers into
Latin. Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, & J. Allen, for
Samuel Phillips, at the Brick Shop. 1 702.
Dunton, John. An hue and cry after conscience: or the pilgrims progress
by candle-hght in search after honesty and plain-dealing. Repre-
sented under the similitude of a dream, wherein is discovered the pritty
manner of his setting out, his pleasant humours on his journey. The
disappointment he met with after all his search . . . Boston, Printed
by John Allen, for Nicholas Boone at the sign of the Bible in Cornhill.
Jameson, William. A remembrance of former times for this generation,
and our degeneracy lamented. The first (and second) part. Boston,
N. E. Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen, for Duncan Campbell,
at his shop over against the Old-Meeting House. 1 697.
Lowell, John. The advantage of God's presence with his people in an
expedition against their enemies. A sermon preached at Newbery,
May 22, 1755, at the desire, and in the audience of Col. Moses Tit-
comb, and many others inlisted under him, and going with him in an
expedition against the French. Boston: N. E. Printed and sold by
J. Draper in Cornhill. 1755.
Martyrology, or, a brief account of the lives, sufferings and deaths of those
two holy martyrs, viz. Mr. John Rogers, and Mr. John Bradford, who
suffered for the Gospel . . . and were burnt at Smithfield, the former
on the 14th of February 1554, the latter July 1st, 1555. Boston:
Printed by S. Kneeland and T. Green. 1 736.
The New-England Primer improved, for the more easy attaining the true
reading of English. Adorned with cutts. To which is added, the
Assembly of Divines Catechism. Boston: Printed by Joseph Bum-
stead, for David West, in Marlboro' Street. MDCCXCI.
Veteran, A, pseud. A letter from a veteran, to the officers of the army
encamped at Boston. America: Printed in the year, 1774. [In
opposition to the patriots.]
Wadsworth, Benjamin. Considerations, to prevent murmuring and pro-
mote patience in Christians, under afflictive providences. In a lecture
sermon preached Septemb. 19. 1706. In Boston. Boston N. E.
Printed by B. Green. Sold by Nicholas Boone at his shop. 1 706.
Wadsworth, Benjamin. An essay to do good. By a dissuasive from
tavern-haunting and excessive drinking . . . Together with a lecture
sermon, (preached at Boston, N. E., December 22, 1 709). Boston,
N. E. Printed by B. Green, for a publick good, 1710.
Wadsworth, Benjamin. The faithful reprover. Or, an essay to quicken
Christians, to the faithfully giving and suitably receiving reproofs, as
there is occasion. In two lecture sermons. Boston in N. England.
Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish at the Corner Shop near the
Old Meeting-House in Corn Hill. 1711.
Westminster Assembly of Divines. Shorter Catechism. The shorter
catechism. Composed by the reverend Assembly of Divines, with the
proofs thereof out of the Scriptures, in words at length. For the benefit
of Christians in general, and of youth, and children in understanding,
in particular ; that they may with more ease acquaint themselves with the
truth according to the Scriptures, and with the Scriptures themselves.
Boston in New England. Printed by Bartholomew Green and John
Allen, for Nicholas Buttolph at his shop. 1701.
The Library has been able to secure a manuscript collection of Com-
missary receipts and other papers relating to the Siege of Boston, 1 775—
1781. This folio volume contains 452 closely written leaves chiefly
receipts for commissary stores signed by the captains of the companies. — It
contains also considerable information concerning the officers and men in the
various regiments of the Continental army at Cambridge and Boston, May.
to August, 1 775.
Works acquired for the Department of Fine Arts.
Accademia filarmonica, Turin, Italy. II palazzo della Accademia filar-
monica in Torino (gia Caraglio) , nel primo centenario dell' Accademia
filarmonica, 1814-1914. Milano. 1915. Text, and atlas of 55
Achiardi, Pietro d'. La nuova Pinacoteca Vaticana. Descritta ed illus-
trata . . . Nei quadri provenienti dalla vecchia Pinacoteca Vaticana
dalla Pinacoteca del Laterano, dagli appartamenti privati e dai magaz-
zini dei Palazzi Apostolici. Bergamo. 1914. Plates.
Arata, Giulio U. L'architettura arabo-normanna e il rinascimento in
Sicilia. Prefazione di Corrado Ricci. Milano. 1914. lUus. 120
Cox, Raymond. Les soieries d'art, depuis les origines jusqu'a nos jours.
Ouvrage illustre d'une planche en couleurs et de 1 00 planches en noir.
Cunningham, Harry Francis, and others. Measured drawings of Georgi-
an architecture in the District of Columbia: 1 750— 1 820. New York.
1914. 66 plans. (A collection of architectural drawings of public
buildings, houses, churches, etc.)
Destree, Joseph. Tapisseries et sculptures bruxelloises a I'Exposition d'arl
ancien bruxellois organisee a Bruxelles au Cercle artistique et litteraire
de juillet a octobre 1905. Bruxelles. 1906. lUus. 50 plates.
English Madrigal School (The). Edited by Edmund H. Fellowes. 8
volumes. London. 1913.
Contains the Madrigals of Thomas Morley, Orlando Gibbons, John
Wilbye, and John Farmer.
Farrenc, Jacques Hippolyte Aristide, and Louise Farrenc, editors. Le
tresor des pianistes. Collection des oeuvres choisies des maitres de tous
les pays et de toutes les epoques depuis le XVIe siecle jusqu'a la moitie
du XlXe. ... Paris. Farrenc. 1861-1872. 20 v.
Frankau, Julia. The story of Emma, Lady Hamilton. London. 1911.
2 V. Illus. Colored plates.
Gusman, Pierre. L'art decoratif de Rome de la fin de la republique
auIVe siecle. Ser. 1-3. 3 v. 1 80 plates. Paris. 1908-1914.
Hobson, Robert Lockhart. Chinese pottery and porcelain: an account
of the potter's art in China from primitive times to the present day.
London. 1915. 2 v. Illus. Plates, some colored.
Marechal, Pierre Sylvain. Costumes civils actuels de tous les peuples
connus, dessines d'apres nature, ... 2e edition, revue et corngee.
Paris. 1 798. 4 v. 305 plates, colored by hand.
Matthews, James Brander. About the ballet. Extra illustrated with
portraits of celebrated dancers, and others connected with the ballet from
the earliest period. Collected and arranged by Charles C. Moreau.
Scrap-book. New York. 1 89 1 .
Piccolellis, Giovanni di. Liutai antichi e moderni. Note critico-biogra-
fiche. Firenze. 1885-86. Illus. Plates. Facsimiles. 2 v. One
of an edition of 200 copies. Treats of bow instruments.
Price, Charles Matlack. Posters: a critical study of the development of
poster design in continental Europe, England and America. Illus-
trated with forty-two reproductions in color and one hundred and
twenty in monotone. New York. 1913.
Ricci, Corrado. I Bibiena, architetti teatraH 1625—1890. Illustrated
text, with Atlas of 94 plates. Milano. 1915.
VoUard, Ambroise. Paul Cezanne. Paris. 1914. Illustrated text
and 56 plates.
Williamson, George Charles. Andrew & Nathaniel Plimer, miniature
painters: their lives and their works. London. 1903. Portraits.
Plates. No. 276 of an edition of 365 copies.
Abendanon, E. C. Geologische schetskaart van Nederlandsch Oost-
Indie samengesteld in opdracht van het Koninklijk nederlandsch aar-
drijkskundig genootschap. Den Haag. 1914. 6 sheets.
Bible. Enghsh. King James Version of 1611. The Holy Bible
containing the Bookes of the Old & New Testament. Cambridge.
Printed by John Field . . . and illustrated with chorographical sculps,
by J. Ogilvy. I 660. 3 v. in 2. Plates.
Bible. Leabhuir na seintiomna . . . The Books of the Old Testament
translated into Irish by the care and diligence of Doctor William Bedel,
Lord Bishop of Kilmore, in Ireland, and for the public good of that
Nation. London, 1685. (With NewTestament in the Irish charac-
ter, translated by William O'Donnell. London, 1681.) 2 vols, in 1.
Cambridge, 1681—85. The editio princeps of the whole Bible in the
Irish character, the Old Testament appearing for the first time.
Burbank, Luther. Luther Burbank. His methods and discoveries and
their practical application. New York. 1914,15. 12 v. Colored
Brown, Henry Collins. Book of old New York. New York. Privately
printed. 1913. Plates. Map. The plates, many of which are
colored, are facsimiles of rare prints and photographs from the col-
lections of Robert Goelet, Percy R. Pyne, 2d, J. Pierpont Morgan,
Commenius, Joh. Amos. Orbis sensualium pictus. Visible world or a
nomenclature, and pictures of all the chief things that are in the world.
100 copper-cuts. Translated by Charles Hoole. London. 1705.
Said to be the first picture book ever made for children.
Eisenstein, Judah David. Ozar Yisrael: an encyclopedia of all matters
concerning Jews and Judaism, in Hebrew. 10 vols. New York.
Great Britain. Statutes. The whole volume of statutes at large, which
at anie time heretofore haue beene extant in print, since Magna Charta,
untill the xxix yeere of the reigne of our most gratious souereigne Ladie
Elizabeth. At London, printed for Christopher Barker, 1587.
Herbertson, Andrew John, and Osbert John Radcliffe Howarth, editors.
The Oxford survey of the British Empire. Oxford. 1914. 6 v.
Kennedy, Archibald. The importance of gaining and preserving the
friendship of the Indians to the British interest considered. London.
E. Cave, jun. at St. John's Gate. 1 752.
Lee, Arthur. An essay in vindication of the continental colonies of
America, from a censure of Mr. Adam Smith, in his Theory of moral
sentiments. With some reflections on slavery in general. By an
American. London. Printed for the author. Sold by T. Becket
and P. A. De Hondt. MDCCLXIV.
Qualter, Rodolph. Antichrist, that is to saye: a true reporte, that Anti-
christe is come. Translated out of the Latin into Englishe. By J.
O(lde). Imprinted in Southwarke by Christopher Trutheall, 1556.
Thorburn, Archibald. British birds. Written and illustrated by A.
Thorburn. . . . Vol. 1, 2. (To be in four volumes.) London.
1915. 2 V. Colored plates.
Voelckers, Theodore. View of the Merchants Exchange, State Street,
and adjacent buildings, 1 842. Etched by Sidney L. Smith. Boston.
1915. No. 22 of an edition of 65 copies. Size, 17^ X 23|/2 inches.
There have also been acquired about 1 00 volumes relating to Abraham
Lincoln chiefly obtained from booksellers' catalogues and auction sales,
among them what is said to be the first life of Lincoln, issued as Tribune
Tract No. 6, by John Locke Scripps. "New York. 1860. Horace
Greeley and Company," and a folio broadside printed within heavy black
borders on buff paper "To the memory of Abraham Lincoln" . . .
(Buffalo. 1865.): a collection of 85 volumes in the Polish language
comprising history, biography, fairy tales and historical fiction, in the
selection of which the Library was aided by Rev. Alexander Syski and Mr.
Josef Adamowski: a set, in the first edition, of Captain Cook's Voyages,
9 quarto volumes and 1 folio atlas, with portraits, engraved plates and
charts: the concluding volumes, 6—8, of the The Harbinger, Boston,
1847—9, and in this connection 19 unpublished autograph letters from
George Ripley to John S. Dwight which record the last struggles of The
Harbinger: five volumes for the Galatea Collection made up of excerpts
relating to woman, from magazines 1818—1910, mainly from the Edin-
burgh, Fortnightly and National Reviews, and Blackwood's Magazine.
Of interest is a volume bought for its association, entitled "An exposition
of the Creed. London. 1 683. By John Pearson, Bishop of Chester,"
which contains the following note: — "From Rev. Thomas Prince's library.
This book belonged to and was bought by him in London on May 15,
1717, just previous to his return to Boston, where he was ordained as pastor
of the Old South Church. Contains his autograph on reverse of title-
page and a note in his hand-writing on the fly-leaf preceding the portrait."
The gifts received during the year from 3908 givers number 8369
volumes, 1 1 ,644 serials, 3 1 7 photographs, 46 lantern slides, and 80 news-
paper subscriptions. The following list represents some of the more
Associated Charities of Boston. 1 32 volumes, 323 numbers, charity
reports and periodicals.
Avery, Mrs. Samuel. Sixty-seven volumes, miscellaneous works, 58
newspapers and a collection of magazines, American Agriculturist,
Spectator, Boston Journal of Chemistry, etc.
Benton, Josiah H. 102 volumes, also "The Book of Oaths and the
several forms thereof, both ancient and modern. London. 1689" in
Boston Browning Society. Five volumes for the Browning Collection.
Brown, Allen A. Forty-five volumes for the Brown Music and Drama
Cabot, Mrs. Arthur Tracy, Ponkapoag, Mass. Eighteen volumes, in-
cluding the Memorial History of Boston.
Calamara, Nicolo S. Twenty-nine pieces of music for the Brown Col-
Coolidge, Baldwin. Photographs of the coins in the Museum of Fine
Arts, Boston. 9 sheets.
Coolidge, J. Randolph. Eighteen volumes, miscellaneous works and 71
numbers of periodicals.
Estabrook, Miss E. M. 1 35 photographs, French and German actors
Fields, Mrs. James T., Estate of. Through Boylston A. Beal, Adminis-
trator. Five photographs and three daguerreotypes of Whittier.
Frost, A. L. Thirty-one volumes, scientific works, algebras and geom-
Gay, Ernest L. Fifty-one volumes, miscellaneous works and 26 numbers
Gav, Frederick L. Facsimile of "A New Mapp of New England from
Cape Codd to Cape Sables." (Copy 129, 1912. by Frederick L.
Gay, Dr. Warren F. Twenty-five volumes of early issues of the Illus-
trated London News and Harper's Weekly and 1 38 numbers of Die
Germany. Kaiserliches Patentamt. Patentschriften. 51 volumes.
Great Britain Patent Office. Patents for inventions. 92 volumes.
Hammond, George F., Cleveland. Original designs in architecture. By
James Lewis. 1 780.
Prodamus architecturae Goldmannianae. Leonhard Christoph Sturm.
The Design of Inigo Jones. Vol. 1 & 2. London. 1 770.
Heartman, Charles F. Phillis Wheatley. Poems and letters. First
Six broadsides relating to Phillis Wheatley.
A critical attempt and a bibliography of her writings. By Charles
Heath, D. C, & Co., Boston. Four volumes, text-books, for the school-
Higginson, Mr. & Mrs. Henry L. Sixty-two volumes, miscellaneous
works and 267 numbers of periodicals.
Jackson, Mrs. M. C. 1 08 volumes, including Italian and Spanish litera-
ture and a number of guide books.
John Rylands Library, Manchester, England. Catalogue of the Greek
Papyri in the John Rylands Library. Volume 2.
Woodcuts of the fifteenth century, reproduced in facsimile.
Sumerian tablets from Umma in the John Rylands Library. Trans-
lated by C. L. Bedale.
Lloyd, Mrs. George H. Fifty-five bound volumes of manuscript music,
the works of Mr. George H. Lloyd, for the Brown Collection.
McCormick, Cyrus H., Chicago. Facsimile of the lUinois-W abash Land
Company manuscript. Privately printed. 1915.
Moynahan, George. 272 numbers of periodicals. Political Science
Quarterly, Journal of Political Enconomy, etc.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. Circular "At a meeting of gentlemen held to
consider the expediency of instituting a Society for the promotion of a
taste for Music." Boston. 1826.
Muss-Arnolt, Dr. W. Twenty-four volumes, chiefly Bibles, Litanies,
etc., in different languages.
O'Connell, William, Cardinal, Archbishop of Boston. Sermons and
addresses of his Eminence, William, Cardinal O'Connell. Volume 4.
Page, Walter Gilman. Photographs of the Boston Massacre and Paul
Revere's Ride, from paintings by Walter Gilman Page.
Perry, Thomas S. Nineteen volumes, miscellaneous works.
Priscilla Publishing Co. The Modern Priscilla, 1890-1914. 71 vols.
Ross, Mrs. W. O. Twenty-nine volumes, miscellaneous works and 91
numbers of periodicals.
Shaw, S. S. 1 75 pamphlets, miscellaneous reports and periodicals.
Snow, Miss Alice E. Six volumes of miscellaneous works, 1 7 volumes
and 93 pieces of sheet music and 47 numbers of The Art Amateur.
Tower, Mrs. Helen M., Cambridge. Six volumes of music for the
Trustees under the will of Mary Baker Eddy. Science and health. 1 8
Miscellaneous writings. By Mary Baker Eddy. 21 copies.
Life of Mary Baker Eddy. By Sibyl Wilbur. 26 copies.
(Placed in Branches and Reading Rooms.)
Walcott, George H. The Cosair (Chess). 1 LI numbers.
Warren, Henry D. Publications of the Societies of the Sons of the
Revolution. 80 volumes.
Widener, Joseph E., Philadelphia. Pictures in the Collections of P. A.
B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania. Early
German, Dutch and Flemish Schools. Privately printed. 1913.
Young Men's Democratic Club of Massachusetts. 568 volumes, chiefly
United States histories, literature, etc., 252 periodicals, manuscripts
made up into 32 volumes, etc.
THE CATALOGUE DEPARTMENT.
Under the direction of Mr. S. A. Chevalier, Chief of the
Catalogue Department, 78,368 volumes and parts of volumes
have been catalogued. These represent 42,146 different titles.
Comparative details are as follows:
Catalogued (new) :
Central Library Catalogue
Totals 72,555 51.871 78.368 42.846
The number of catalogue cards added to the public catalogues
during the year is 234,237 (21 7,505 at the Central Library, and
1 6,732 at branches) . Since November, 1911, one printed card
for each title has been sent to the Harvard College Library, and
we receive its printed cards in exchange. We also set aside one
printed card for each title for the Library of Congress. Much
replacement of cards worn or soiled by continuous use has been
effected during the year, including all the titles in Greek, Russian,
Hebrew and Arabic.
The main body of the Allen A. Brown Music Catalogue
having been completed, a supplementary volume is well advanced
Other important work performed in the Catalogue Department
during the year includes the re-arrangement and expansion of the
special catalogue in the Fine Arts Department, the preparation
of copy for the new edition of our list of Historical fiction, and
much general bibliographical work in connection with corres-
pondence or to meet inquiries made by students in the Library.
SELECTION OF BOOKS FOR PURCHASE.
The selection of fiction for purchase has been mentioned.
Besides works of fiction the more important publications are
received on approval and carefully examined, and during the
year 1 50 auction sales catalogues, 1 00 booksellers' general cata-
logues, with other special lists, and about 1 50 current periodicals
have been searched for possible purchases. This work is per-
formed in the Catalogue and Ordering Departments, with the
assistance of certain members of the staff. Mr. Murdoch, Dr.
Muss-Arnolt, Mr. Bierstadt, Mr. Chase, Miss Duncan, and
Mr. Maier, especially, have given valuable assistance. The
auction sales catalogues have principally been examined by Mr.
Fleischner. Miss Jordan has examined books for children, and
Mr. Ward has considered purchases for the branches. Mr.
Thomas S. Perry, without remuneration, has given aid in selec-
tion which is appreciated. Finally, suggestions for purchase,
without regard to where the suggestion originates, pass under
the revision and approval of the librarian.
The statistics relating to the number of volumes shelved, and
thus made available for public use, as draw^n from the report of
Mr. W. G. T. Roffe, in charge of the Shelf Department, are as
Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year:
General collection, new books (including continuations) .... 19,904
Special collections, new books ........ 2,326
Books reported lost or missing in previous years, but now found, transfers
from branches, etc. .......... 970
Removed from the Central Library shelves during the year:
Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced, trans-
fers, etc. ............
Net gain, Central Library .........
Net gain at branches (including reading-room stations) . . . .
Net gain, entire library system ........
The total number of volumes available for public use at the
end of each year since the formation of the Library is show^n in
the following statement:
1889 . .
Volumes in entire library system ...
In the branches and reading-room stations .
These volumes are located as follows :
Central l.ibrary .
Codman Square .
Fe Howes Athenaeum 8,19
Owned by City 29,33<
Total, Roxbury .
Upham's Corner .
West End .
West Roxbury .
Lower Mills (Station A)
Roslindale (Station B)
Mattapan (Station D)
Neponset (Station E) .
Mt. Bowdoin (Station F)
Allston (Station G) .
Mt. Pleasant (Station N)
Tyler Street (Station P)
Warren Street (Station R)
Roxbury Crossing (Station S)
Boylston Station (Station T)
Andrew Square (Station Y)
Orient Heights (Station Z)
City Point (Station 23) .
Parker Hill (Station 24) .
Faneuil (Station 25) .
CHILDREN'S DEPARTMENT, CENTRAL LIBRARY.
Miss Alice C. Jordan, the Chief of this department, reports
that 85,834 volumes have been lent for home use (included in
tables of circulation, pages 30, 31 ), and of this number 66,201
were lent to borrowers applying for books in the Children's Room,
the remainder going out through the Branch Department. The
direct circulation from the Children's Room for home use has
increased within two years to the extent of 12,455 volumes. No
record is kept of the number of children who have used books in
the room. They are of various ages and represent many different
lines of racial descent, but they find here and gladly use the oppor-
tunities for recreation and study which the library offers.
The attendance at the weekly story hour for children at the
Central Library was 2,262 for the year. It continues to justify
itself as a satisfactory means of making the Library known to
children, and for establishing pleasant relations with them. Visits
from classes sent from the schools have continued during the year.
Miss Jordan has instructed them in the purposes and methods of
the Library, varying her talks according to the wishes of the
teachers and the ability of the pupils. Any inflexible scheme is,
of course, impracticable, and not desirable. As to certain phases
of this co-operative educational work of the Library and the
schools, the following is taken from the report of Miss Jordan :
The exhibit of library aids to school work, shown in connection with the
meeting of the New England Association of Teachers of English, received
appreciative attention from teachers within the city as well as those from a
distance. Teachers in the High schools are now sending pupils to examine
the illustrated editions of standard books, such as, Ivanhoe, The TaHsman,
Treasure Island, the Idylls of the King, for the additional interest illustra-
tions give to the study of hterature.
With the organization and development of Continuation schools for the
working boys and girls, have come requests that they be made acquainted
with the library opportunities. Consequently the teachers have made ar-
rangements to bring them to the library and to have talks given at the school,
to arouse an interest in books. That good results have followed is shown by
a statement, accompanying a request for a deposit of books for boys of four-
teen to sixteen, to the effect that "The talks given have stimulated a desire
Ten class room visits have been made and eighteen addresses have been
given to schools, clubs and other associations, on library topics. Beside
these appointments which related directly to the wider usefulness of the
library, the Chief of the Department has given courses on children's books
and reading at Simmons College, at the Training School in Pittsburgh and
at the Garland School in Boston. Although given outside of library
hours, these lectures have none the less served to make the Boston Public
Library more widely known and to give its work with children a certain
Special assistance in list making has been rendered to teachers and
parents, to playground associations and story tellers. Hardly a day passes
without a request of this kind.
The gradual growth in the use of the Teachers' Room in the Children s
Department, indicates that the teachers are appreciating its resources more
"I have been teaching for four years," said one Boston teacher, "and
never knew there was such a room in the Library."
Books have been reserved for eleven University Extension Courses the
present winter. One of these courses, on Secondary Education, has ap-
pealed especially to teachers and has undoubtedly brought some teachers
to the room for the first time.
Transfer of the bound volumes of educational magazines from the Peri-
odical Room to the gallery of the Children's Room was accomplished early
in the year, a change which makes it easier for teachers to consult the files
in connection with other books they may be using.
TTie increasing use of the Department for teachers' reference
work and for enlarged general reference work in connection with
advanced courses of instruction will perhaps make it advisable to
transfer these functions to some other room in the library. The
space and attention now devoted to the pedagogical collection
and to special reservations from time to time are needed for the
normal expansion of the work with children, and such uses, impor-
tant as they are, cannot be permitted to restrict permanently the
facilities for the service properly to be expected from the Chil-
In continuation of the arrangement made by the Arnold Ar-
boretum, mentioned in mj' report last year, the Children's Room
has received gifts of specimens of flowering shrubs and trees,
for which our thanks are due.
In supplying the calls for books to be used at the reading tables
in Bates Hall, about 760,000 call slips have been required,
besides 360,000 slips from Bates Hall readers who have desired
books for home use. Besides the books from the stacks supplied
on these call slips, there is unlimited and unrecorded use of the
volumes on open shelves in the Hall. The maximum attendance
of readers in this, the chief reading room of the Library, was
301 , at 5 o'clock P.M. on the twenty-first of October.
Mr. Oscar A. Bierstadt, Chief of the Reference Department
reports no diminution in the amount of reference work required to
meet the inquiries of applicants in the room or in response to
The public catalogue now covers more than a million volumes,
and it is the duty of the Reference Staff to give every possible
assistance to readers or to students who are searching for literary
material on any subject, and who frequently need, not merely
instruction as to the proper use of the catalogue, but competent
advice as to sources of information, over the v^^ide field of English
and foreign literature.
THE SPECIAL LIBRARIES.
These include the departments devoted to the Fine and Tech-
nical Arts, The Allen A. Brow^n Music Room, the Barton-
Ticknor libraries, the Allen A. Brovv^n Dramatic Collection, and
numerous special collections of rare and valuable books in the
alcoves opening from the Barton-Ticknor Room. As frequently
pointed out the vv^ork done in connection v^^ith these special col-
lections is in the highest sense educational, and the training and
experience of the attendants are essential elements in the effective
public service given in the rooms devoted to them. So far as
figures can indicate the extent of this service the follow^ing statis-
tics, from the report of Mr. Frank H. Chase, Custodian, are
FINE ARTS DEPARTMENT.
Direct circulation of books for homs use (included in tables of
circulation, pages 30, 31) 23,385, compared with 22,071 in
1914, and 20,668 in 1913. The circulation of pictures as aids
to study, sent to schools and classes upon request, is an important
feature of the work of the Department. The figures for the
year are as follows:
Public schools 1,915
Private schools ........... 35
Classes ............. 16
Sent to branches for exhibition or study ....... 253
Barton-Ticknor books issued ......... 15,539
Maps issued 1,074
Books from other departments, issued for readers in this room . . . 7,275
ALLEN A. BROWN MUSIC ROOM.
Number of volumes issued for use in the room 12,521 . The
number of volumes added to the collection is 181 of v^hich 33
have been received from Mr. Brown. Important additions are :
Scores in autograph of F. S. Converse's music for the Masque of St.
Louis; Henry F. Gilbert's Negro Rhapsody; the manuscript score of an
unpublished opera by Julius Eichberg, entitled Sir Marmaduke; Farrenc's
Tresor des pianistes (20 volumes) ; The songs in Don Quixote, by Purcell
and others, 1694; and an earlv American rarity, Three Rondos for the
Ten volumes of clippings and programmes have been made in
the room during the year, more than 1 ,000 cards written for the
Brown Dramatic Index, and the contents of 78 volumes have
been prepared as copy for the Supplement to the Allen A. Brown
Music Catalogue now printing.
The new semi-indirect lighting system installed in this room
has proved successful. Table lights are no longer needed.
An excellent portrait of Mr. Brown, to whom the Library is
indebted for the important collection which bears his name, has
been hung in the room, a gift from Mr. Samuel Carr, Mr. Augus-
tus Hemenway, Miss Susan Minns and Mr. Robert Gould Shaw,
friends of Mr. Brown.
MISCELLANEOUS ACTIVITIES OF SPECIAL LIBRARIES.
Visits of Classes.
Classes and study clubs to the number of 1 7 1 have been pro-
vided with reservations for meetings, and these have included
1 4,489 students. Among these students are those in attendance
upon the lectures in Elementary English Composition (Mr.
Hersey) and upon the Principles of Economics (Professor Met-
calf ) and the conferences in connection with the University Ex-
LECTURES AND EXHIBITIONS.
The following list includes the free public lectures given at the
Central Library during the year ending January 31, 1916, and is
carried forward to include the lectures as originally scheduled for
the remainder of the season, ending on April 23, and shows the
exhibitions freely open to the public at the Central building:
Note: — All lectures, except those marked with an asterisk (*), were illustrated with
Sun., Jan. 1 7. The Art of the Theatre. Frank W. C. Hersey,
Mon., Jan. 18. The Chilkat Country and the Olympic Range. Per-
cival Sayward. (Field and Forest Club.)
Thu. Jan. 2 1 . The Masterpieces of the Prado Gallery. Martha A.
Sun., Jan. 24. A Trip through the Great Lakes in a Freighter. W.
Mon., Jan. 25. Alaska. Frederick M. Brooks. (Field and Forest
Mon., Jan. 25. *Wagner's Die Meistersinger. Havrah Hubbard.
Thu., Jan. 28. Sunny Hours in Sunny Spain. Francis Henry Wade,
Sun., Jan. 3L *Reading: Jeanne dArc, by Percy Mackaye. Mar-
garet Wilson Shipman.
Thu., Feb. 4. Field Study of Birds' Habits and Food. Edward
Fri., Feb. 5. In the Saddle in Crete. Eugene P. Andrews. (Ar-
chaeological Institute of America.)
Sun., Feb. 7. *Some Contemporary French Dramatists: I. Sam-
uel M. Waxman, Ph.D.
Mon., Feb. 8. * Wagner's Tannhauser. Havrah Hubbard. (Rus-
Thu., Feb. IL Salt Water Fishing in the Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans. Marshall F. Blanchard. (Field and
Sun., Feb. 14. The Development of Art in the United States from
the Viewpoint of the American Federation of Arts.
Anna Seaton Schmidt.
Thu., Feb. 18. The Lost Fleet at Samoa. John H. Westfall,
Fri., Feb. 19. Battle Grounds of Julius Caesar in France and Bel-
gium. Walter Denison. (Archaeological Insti-
tute of America.)
Sun.. Feb. 21. *Sir Walter Scott. E. Charlton Black, LL.D.
*Verdi's Otello. Havrah Hubbard. (Ruskin Club.)
A Cruise to Norway and the Arctic Regions, includ-
ing Iceland and Spitzbergen, Edith M. Esta-
brook. (Field and Forest Club.)
Contemporary Art and the Modern Spirit. Anna
*Lecture Recital: The Appreciation of Music, and
the Oratorio as a Form. Maud Wallingford
China and the Chinese. T. Philip Terry, F.R.G.S.
*Some Contemporary French Dramatists: II. Sam-
uel M. Waxman, Ph.D.
Harvard University. James Hardy Ropes, D.D.
(Field and Forest Club.)
Modem Theatrical Producers. Sam Hume.
Napoleon, from Corsica to St. Helena. Henry
Warren Poor, A.M.
New Stories of the Old World. Mabel Francis
* Wagner's Parsifal. Havrah Hubbard. (Ruskin
Venice and Venetian Art. Minna Eliot Tenney
The Stage as it was. Francis Henry Wade, M.D.
Experiences in Fire Fighting in the Boston Fire De-
partment. Daniel F. Serinott. (Field and Forest
Stage Decoration in America. Sam Hume. (Drama
*The Philosophy of Materialism and Intuitivism. J. C.
Whipple. (Ruskin Club.)
Aspects of American Drama. Frank W. C. Hersey.
Art in Legend and Story. Minna Eliot Tenney Peck.
*The Great Lakes: their origin and their influence on
the conditions of life in North America. Leonard
Packard. (Field and Forest Club.)
*The Masque of St. Louis. Joseph Lindon Smith.
The Greek Theatre, ancient and modern, and the
Greek Drama on the Modern Stage. Will Hut-
chins. (Drama League.)
Fri., May 14. The Irish Dramatists and Ireland. Frank W. C.
Thu., Oct. 7. The Spirit of the Crusades. Rev. Matthew L. For-
*Shakespeare in Music. Louis C. Elson.
*Food and its Influence on Social Conditions. Mrs.
Norah Johnson Barbour. (Ruskin Club.)
The Lure of the Amateur Collector. George B.
Dexter. (Field and Forest Club.)
Making "Movies" in the Far East. Louis A. Hol-
Esperanto. George Winthrop Lee, A.B.
^English Dances in the Time of Shakespeare. Mrs.
James J. Storrow.
*Lecture Recital: Songs of the Ghetto. Henry L.
Gideon, A. M.
South America. Don G. Montt. (Field and Forest
Zeta, the Newest Kingdom (Montenegro). John
C. Bowker, F.R.G.S.
*The English Drama when Shakespeare was a boy.
Katherine Lee Bates, A.M.
A Raid across the English Channel in the Eleventh
Century, illustrated by the Bayeux Tapestry
Sarah E. Palmer, M.D.
5un., Nov. 7. *Shakespeare's Competitors in the Drama. Felix E.
8. *Truly Sacred Art. Darius Cobb. (Ruskin Club.)
11. Prehistoric Palestine. Max Kellner, D.D. (Field
and Forest Club.)
12. ^Reading: Maeterlinck's Aglavaine and Selysette.
Arthur Row. (Drama League.)
14. Wild Birds and How to Attract them. Ernest
15. Massachusetts Forestry compared with Europ>ean
Forestry. Frank W. Rane. (Field and Forest
18. *What Story Telling may mean to Children. Marie
L. Shedlock. (Froebel Club.)
1 8. A Pleasure Trip to Colorado and CaHfornia. Charles
2 1 . Journeys with an Indian ; Camping-out-trip« ; Life of
the Wild Birds and Animals. W. Lyman Under-
Mon., Nov. 22. *Art Education in Massachusetts under the Leadership
of Walter Smith. Mrs. May Smith-Dean. (Rus-
Mon., Nov. 22. The Heritage of a Young American. L. Gertrude
Howes. (Field and Forest Club.)
Shakespeare on the Stage. Frank W. C. Hersey.
Evolution of Oil Painting: From Ornament to Natur-
alism. Burleigh Parkhurst.
5. *Poets of the Elizabethan Age. Mrs. Lionel Marks
(Josephine Preston Peabody).
*Reading: Alice Brown's Children of Earth. Oliver
Hinsdell. (Drama League.)
Through the Heart of the South: From Washington
to Florida. Guy Richardson. (Field and Forest
Theatres of Shakespeare's Time. Frank Chouteau
*The Drama of Michael Angelo, by H. W. Long-
fellow. Mrs. May Smith-Dean. (Ruskin Club.)
The Delia Robbia Family: I. Luca della Robbia.
Charles T. Carruth.
*Elizabethan England. Roger B. Merriman, Ph.D.
From Suez to Yokohama. John R. Ainsley.
The Delia Robbia Family: IL Andrea and Gio-
vanni della Robbia. Charles T. Carruth.
Journeys through Unfrequented Paths in Florida. W.
Jasper National Park and the Canadian Rockies.
Mrs. Stanley Bone. (Field and Forest Club.)
A Roman Rubbish Heap in Egypt. Charles T.
Currelly. (Archaeological Institute of America.)
Treasures of Antiquity on French Soil. Arthur Stod-
dard Cooley, Ph.D.
*Shakespeare and Religion. William Allan Neilson,
Massachusetts Birds. Winthrop Packard. (Ruskin
*Montessori Methods. Mrs. Dorothy Canfield Fisher.
Among the Eskimos of Labrador. A Cleveland
Bent, A.B. (Field and Forest Club.)
*Shakespeare, the Playwright. George P, Baker,
The History of a Fine Art: Lace. Martha A. S.
Boston Harbor — The Port of the Puritans. Win-
field M. Thompson.
Pleasures of Taking Autochromes Around the World.
Helen M. Murdoch.
*Some Incidents and Personal Traits in the Life of
Charles Dickens. Francis Henry Wade, M.D.
Brazil, the Land of the Southern Cross, with
Glimpses of Uruguay. Charles Wellington Fur-
Sun., Feb. 6. Architecture of Shakespeare's Time. H. Langford
A Winter in the Arctic. Samuel Mixter.
*Abraham Lincoln. William H. Lewis.
The Modern Brick House and its Ancestors. Frank
^Thomas Carlyle. E. Charlton Black, LL.D.
A West Indian Winter. Francis Henry Wade,
Shakespeare and Italy. (A Hterary pilgrimage.)
Frank W. C. Hersey, A.M.
The Art of Portraiture. Ernest L. Major.
*Lecture Recital: The Russian in Folk-Song and
Opera. Constance Ramsay Gideon and Henry
The Growth of Worlds. (Study of the Stars.)
Rev. Joel H. Metcalf.
*How to Misunderstand Music. Leo R. Lewis, A.M.
With illustrations on the Pianola.
Ancient Irish Art. John E. Lynch.
*Cehic (Irish) Folk-Music. Benedict Fitz Gerald.
With musical illustrations.
The Development of Styles in Church Architecture.
Edward T. P. Graham.
*Shakespeare and the Printers. George P. Winship.
Recent American Architecture. Clarence H. Black-
Shakespeare's England. Edmund H. Garrett.
The Most Beautiful American City. J. Randolph
Coolidge, Jr., A.M.
^Shakespeare's Heroines. Mrs. B. P. Cheney, Jr.
The Pleasures of Tree Study. George Winthrop
1 6. *Shakespeare as Interpreter of English History.
Frank H. Chase, Ph.D.
*The Shakespeare Anniversary. E. Charlton Black,
Exhibitions at the Central Library.
Pictures in the Prado Gallery, Madrid.
Reproductions of pictures by Arthur Grottger.
Work of Boston Artists.
Napoleon and his Time.
Venice and Venetian Art.
Pencil Drawings of Panama, by Clifton P. Kimball. (Lent
by the artist.)
Historical Exhibit of Artistic Printing.
Photographs of European Scenery, by George B. Dexter.
(Lent by Mr. Dexter.)
Aug. 2 1 . The States of the Union.
Fenway Court and its Treasures.
Pageants. (Photographs lent by Miss Lotta Clark, Miss
Virginia Tanner, and others.)
Cities of the Adriatic.
Colorado and California.
Evolution of Oil Painting.
Southern United States.
The Delia Robbia Family and other Italian Renaissance
From Suez to India and Japan.
Poster Designs. (Lent by Massachusetts Hampton Associa-
Jan. 5. Mount Desert. (Photographs and autochromes lent by
George R. King.)
Jan. 14. Central and South America.
Oct. 1 — May 1 . Shakespeare Memorial Exhibition. Books and pic-
tures illustrative of Shakespeare's life, work, and
Besides the exhibitions at the Central Library, exhibitions at
the Branches, upon a definite plan of rotation, from branch to
branch through the winter season, of material sent from the
Fine Arts Department, have been open to the public. These
have included pictures covering the following subjects among
others : The Shakespeare Country ; South American and Mexi-
can Scenery ; American Gardens ; San Francisco and the Pacific
Coast ; American Scenery and Architecture ; European Scenery,
Cities and Architecture ; England's History as pictured by famous
artists; Food Products of the World; Modes of Travel; The
BRANCHES AND STATIONS.
TTie following figures summarize the operations of the Branch
Department for the year:
Circulation through the branches (recorded also on pages 30, 31) . . 1,835,126
Gain as compared with preceding year ....... 97,206
Total cost of operation, chargeable against the City appropriation . . $142,797.94
The number of principal branches is 14, and the number of
minor branches (reading-room stations) is 16, no change having
taken place during the year. The Branch Department has also
served the following subsidiary agencies of distribution: Fire
Department houses, 61 ; other institutions, 35; public and pa-
rochial schools, 167; in all (including branches), 293.
The demand of the public for books to be sent out from the
Central collections shows continual increase. This method of
bringing the Central books directly within reach of residents in
every part of the City is an important function of our Library,
and the privilege, if once used, is seldom given up. During the
present year there has been a larger number than ever before of
requests from teachers for books to be used in connection with
their work. It will never be possible to meet fully all such
demands, but with enlarged shelf capacity, to be gained in the
addition to the Central Building, soon to be erected on Blagden
Street, it will be possible to provide a larger deposit collection
of the volumes chiefly called for.
The reports of the Custodians of Branches to Mr. Langdon
L. Ward, Supervisor of Branches, contain many pertinent refe-
rences to their work, and I quote some of them. As to the value
of the plan of circulating Central Library books through the
Branches, one custodian says:
While the issue of books directly from the Branch continues to show a
large increase, it is especially significant to note that the issue of books
received from the Central Library also shows a steady growth, proving
that the latter issue supplements the inadequate collection of books at the
Branch, and provides borrowers in this district with books on technical
and scientific subjects which it would be impracticable to include in the
As to the work with the schools other custodians say :
The neighboring school has sent boys into the library during school
hours with creditable results. Two days were set apart for receptions
to school teachers of the two grammar schools, and the response was cordial.
During the year every teacher in the near-by schools has had either a
deposit of books or pictures borrowed from the library.
To the high school (of this district) pictures have been lent illustrating
special features of class work, for example, illustrating the textile industry,
wheat growing, metallurgical apparatus, etc. One teacher has especially
commended the usefulness in the teaching of geography, of the pictures
supplied by the library.
Relative to the continual demand for new books (partly met
by special purchases for the branches during the last two years) ,
a custodian says:
During the winter months the books on engineering, electricity, stenog-
raphy, bookkeeping and accounting, and the civil service manuals are seldom
left unused on our shelves. Books on cooking, home making, entertain-
ment, are asked for by women.
New fiction is (of course) in continual demand. Among the stories
in greatest request, we find those relating to the war. Among other books
generally asked for are those upon psychology, physiology, travel, adven-
ture, history, reHgion, the boy scout and camp fire girls movements, and
books for juvenile readers.
It is possible that the demand for the simplest easiest English books for
children and those learning the language — including the easy civic books
for naturalization — will continue to form the largest group of requests.
Some of the boys and girls who come to the library do not seem to be
able to understand the stories from well-known poems, — such as Evange-
line. They want the stories in prose form. The poetry seems to confuse
them, and they want everything as simple as possible. They lose all the
beauty of the story in poetic form. If some of the plays acted in the
elementary schools were in poetry instead of prose it might help the girls and
boys to the understanding and love of poetry.
Unlike other branches we have little call for new fiction. To our
patrons the old fiction is new. We have quite a call for technical books
from plumbers, cabinet makers, persons fitting themselves for the civil
service, men taking engineering courses, teachers wanting whatever material
relates to their particular branch of work, and large numbers of men
demanding easy English. Among the ItaHan books taken out recently
I note Mazzolini, II popolo Italiano; Carducci, Prose; Amicis, Cuore;
Plutarco, Gli Eroi della Grecia e di Roma; Pozzi, La terra; Plutarco,
Le vita dei Greci piu illustri ; Gubernatis, Storia comparata degli usi funebri
in Italia ; Franchi, La Filosofia delle scuole italiani ; Bovio, Scritti filosofici
e politici; Bambaldi, Amerigo Vespucci.
The magazines have been read more freely since we have placed cards
on the table each month indicating interesting articles in the current periodi-
cals. By this method the attendants, as well as the public are benefited.
Each member of the force attends to certain magazines, and thus all are
obliged to keep more or less informed. If the articles were all selected
by one person, one point of view would be represented, but by distributing
the work among six people, we are sure of a varied selection.
The following extracts relate to the circulation and use of
I believe that the teachers in our schools are coming more and more
to appreciate the value of the pictures offered by the library as aids in
making real to the children the wonders of history, science, art and litera-
All the picture exhibits from the Central Library have been interesting
as well as instructive. Those illustrating scenes in Belgium, Austria-
Hungary and Germany attracted a great deal of attention from the adults,
and the boys were very much interested in the pictures of the lighthouses
and life saving stations.
As to the story hour work, at the branches, custodians remark :
The story hour, discontinued for a time at this branch, was resumed in
March. There was a total attendance of 1 ,869 with an average of 65
at the 29 story hours held. The girls in this district like stories better
than the boys do and their group is always the larger. This year there
were present 299 more girls than boys. Stories were told from the King
Arthur legends. The Crossing, Jungle books. Wonder book, and Indian
legends. It seems to me the children enjoy hearing the stories this year
more than ever before. They can always tell the story-teller just where
she left off, in a continued story. When we took registration in the
schools we spoke to the children about the Library in geenral and the
Story Hour in particular. The teachers encourage the children to attend.
One can hardly overestimate the value of the story hour not only as an
introduction to good reading but as a civilizing and refining influence in
the lives of the boys and girls. It develops concentration, self-control,
sympathy, mutual understanding and happy comradeship. Those who
have frequented the story hours for a year are a leaven among the shifting
company in the children's room that may be made a help in setting and
keeping standards of conduct there.
The story hour has made its place in the Library on its merits. There
are none now to question its position. Our own group here at the Hbrary
is composed of about 75 to 1 00 boys who have attended regularly since
the first story hour three years ago. They are of Polish, Lithuanian, and
Irish extraction, chiefly, but we have some of Italian and Hebrew descent.
They have so identified themselves with the story hour that it is not unusual
for a member of the library staff to describe a lad as "one of the story hour
boys." Many of them who have attended from the beginning are now in
high school, but are not yet "too big" for stories. In fact, to some of them
the story hour has proved a connecting link between the fields of grammar
school endeavor and the many strange paths opened to them in high school.
If he has heard the story of the Odyssey or the /Eneid, the boy will at
least know that what he is trying to read in Greek or Latin is really worth
reading, though it is rather difficult to translate. I should think a boy's
sympathetic acquaintance with King Arthur, Robin Hood, and Gulliver
would cause his English teacher to appreciate the Library Story Hour.
The story hour work has been carried on at the larger branches
(as well as at the Central Library) wherever suitable audience
rooms exist, by Mrs. Mary W. Cronan, who has been assisted
by others, some of whom are members of our staff who have
received instructions from Mrs. Cronan. By co-operation with
the Children's Welfare League of Roxbury there has also been
story telling at the Mt. Pleasant Reading Room.
Mr. John J. Keenan, Chief of the Registration Department,
presents in his report the usual comparative statistics relating to
Held by men and boys ....
Held by women and girls
Held by persons over 16 years of age
Held by persons under 16 years of age
Pupils' cards (public and parochial schools)
Students' cards (higher institutions of learning)
Number of cards available for present use
FOR THE YEAR.
Distribution of Documents.
The distribution of library publications for the year is shown
in the following table:
Sent to Departments for free distribution ....... 136,509
Sent to Departments for sale ......... 375
Free, direct distribution ...,,..... 2,733
Distributed for library use ......... 94
The character of the publications issued during the year, for
the purpose of promoting the convenient use of the Library is
The publications for the year, issued under the editorial super-
vision of Mr. Lindsay Swift, include :
Weekly Lists. FVom January 16, 1915 to January 8, 1916, inclusive,
52 numbers. Edition, each issue, 2500 copies. Consecutive pages,
in all, 276.
Quarterly Bulletins. Four numbers. Edition, each issue, 2000 copies.
Pages, in all, 404. Besides the usual titles of new books, the
bulletins contained announcements of lectures, etc., in our own
courses, and in those of the University Extension, Lowell Institute,
and other institutions.
Besides the foregoing a pamphlet of 44 pages was issued on
account of the Shakespeare Tercentenary, relating to the exhibi-
tion and free lectures given at the Library in noting the Tercen-
tenary, and including, also, a selected list of working editions of
Shakespeare, and works relating to Shakespeare, offered by the
The Bates Hall Centre Desk, Newspaper and Patent Rooms,
The usual statistics, reported by Mr. Pierce E. Buckley, Cus-
Centre Desk- The highest recorded maximum attendance of
readers in Bates Hall, during any one day was 301 (on October
31, at 5 P.M.) ; and the smallest maximum for any day was 102
on Sunday, July 4, at 4 P.M.
Newspaper Room. The number of papers now regularly filed
in this room is 301 , not including trade newspapers and maga-
zines, 82 in number. During the year, three papers have been
added to the list and 14 have been discontinued or have failed
to reach us on account of the war in Europe. The largest num-
ber of readers noted at any one time during the year was 219, on
January 15 (1916). During only one month (July) was a
maximum number of less than 100 recorded.
The newspaper files are constantly in use, and 1 8,035 persons
consulted 33,200 bound volumes of newspapers during the year,
as compared with 13,603 persons who used 27,415 volumes in
the preceding year. During the year a few numbers of 18th
century papers have been added to the files, which now include
7,928 volumes, an increase of 1 54 for the year.
Patent Room. The total number of volumes in our collection
of patent documents is 13,361, the increase for the year being
354. The recorded number of persons using the files during the
year was 1 7,5 1 2 as compared with 1 3,2 1 1 in the preceding year.
The number of volumes consulted was 1 06,358.
The Periodical Room, Central Library.
The usual statistical table which follows shows the number
of readers in this room, at certain hours, in each of two suc-
hours: 10 12 2 4 6 8 10
M. P.M. P.M.
13,872 21,164 26,873
13,998 21.029 26.623
The use of the bound files is thus shown :
Bound volumes consulted during the year: 1915-16. 1914-15.
In the day time (week days) 33,742 33,421
In the evening or on Sundays 13,401 12,093
The European War has interfered with the regular receipt of
our foreign periodicals. Of the 1 , 1 46 periodicals usually taken
for filing in the periodical room about 86 have not been received
since August, 1914. Besides the regular periodical room files,
the following periodicals are available to readers:
In Fine Arts Department and Music Room ... ... 130
In Newspaper Room ........... 105
In Statistical Department .......... 39
In Teachers* Reference Room ......... 44
Documents and Statistics.
Mr. Horace L. Wheeler, in charge of the Statistical Depart-
ment, reports a gain through the Shelf Department of 590 vol-
umes. By exchanges and gifts through the American Statistical
Association, as additions to its collections held here, we have
received 396 columes and 929 pamphlets (eventually to be
bound) . By the records of the Shelf Department the Statistical
Department contains 19,933 volumes definitely placed.
About 13,000 volumes have been consulted in the department
during the year, about 4,000 volumes sent to other parts of the
building for the use of readers; about 2,000 volumes sent out
through Issue and Branch Departments for home use, and about
1 ,200 volumes lent directly for home use.
To avoid misunderstanding as to the purpose of the Statistical
Department the following, repeated from the report of last year is
The name "Statistical Department" requires explanation. The collec-
tion includes state, municipal and United States government reports and
many works on economics and relating to social science. Reserves are
made here for students of subjects represented in the collection, and per-
sons seeking statistical information upon commercial, financial, or municipal
problems are frequent visitors
Sunday and Evening Service, Central Library).
The average number of books lent on Sundays and holidays,
for use outside the building was 859 (776 in 1915). The
largest number on any single Sunday (or holiday) was 1,353
(1,348 in 1915). The largest number of readers in the Bates
Hall Reading Room on any single Sunday was 30 1 on October
31 (335 in 1915 on December 13).
The Printing Department,
The following table compiled by Mr. Francis Watts Lee,
Chief, presents a comparative statement of the work of the Print-
ing Department in each of two successive years, so far as this
work may be expressed in a statistical statement :
Requisitions on hand at opening of year
Requisitions received during the year
Requisitions on hand at end of year
Requisitions filled during the year
Card Catalogue (Central) :
Titles (Printing Dept. count) .
Cards finished (excluding extras)
Titles in type, but not printed
Card Catalogue (Branches) :
Titles (Printing Dept. count) .
Cards (approximately) .
Pamphlets, not elsewhere enumerated
Call slips .....
Stationery and blank forms .
Blank books ....
Catalogue drawer labels (different)
The usual statistical statement as to the work in the Bindery,
based upon the report of Mr. James W. Kenney, Chief, follows :
Number of volumes bound, various styles
Maps mounted ....
Photographs and engravings mounted
Library publications, folded, stitched and trimmed
Examinations for library service were given as follows : Grade
E, June 19, 90 applicants of whom 48 passed; Grade E, Sep-
tember 25, 83 applicants of whom 34 passed; Grade C, Novem-
ber 6, 91 applicants of whom 39 passed; Grade B, November 6,
21 applicants of whom 4 passed.
CO-OPERATIVE RELATIONS OF THE LIBRARY AND THE SCHOOLS.
I think it proper to describe here the relations which now exist
between the Library and the schools. Inquiries upon this sub-
ject are frequently received.
The schools of the City are assigned, respectively, to a definite
branch or reading-room station as a centre of library service.
The custodians of branches and stations are thus brought into
intimate relations with a fixed number of schools, to which their
special attention is devoted, for the promotion of co-operative
relations. The privileges offered are open to parochial as well
as to the public schools.
1 . The Library sends an attendant to each grammar and high
school at least once a year, at such time as may be convenient
for the head-master or master, to take applications for library
2. The Library sends to classes deposits of twenty-five or
more volumes each, as far as its resources permit. The books
are for topical reference or miscellaneous reading. The charac-
ter of the books varies, of course, with the needs of the schools.
Applications for them are made to the Supervisor of Branches,
Central Library, or to the custodian of a neighboring branch.
Any losses of books are made good by the School Committee.
3. Books are reserved as far as possible at a Branch or Station
for the use of pupils, whenever a teacher so requests. Under
certain conditions these books may be taken to the school building.
Crowds of children come to the branches and stations for library
assistance, as soon as the daily school sessions close.
4. A set of special catalogues of the Library have been placed
in the schools, or are available. These are of use to teachers in
directing the reading of their pupils.
5. Teachers are especially invited to avail themselves of the
advantages offered by the Fine Arts Department of the Library.
From this Department pictures are issued to public, parochial or
private schools, in portfolios (not more than 25 pictures at one
time) ; portfolios are usually sent through the Branch or reading-
room nearest to the school on requests by teachers, specifying the
subects required ; but teachers may select collections of pictures in
person at the Central Library on presentation of a teacher's card.
The collection consists of reproductions of paintings, examples
of sculpture and architecture, pictures relating to physical and
commercial geography, views of cities, industrial processes, trans-
portation, costumes and customs, colored pictures of American
Indians, etc., etc.
The range of subjects covered may perhaps be best indicated
by the following list included in portfolios sent to one public
school, during a single school year:
Airships and Aeroplanes; American Revolution; Glaciers
and Erosion ; Canada ; Famous Trees ; Beaches and Shore Lines ;
Commercial Cities ; Boston and Vicinity ; Industries and Occupa-
tions; Useful Plants; American Indians; Chasms and Canyons;
Boston; Western Massachusetts; Evangeline; Land Forms;
Shipping; Mexico; Indian Life; Asia; New England; Races
of Men; Mountains and Valleys; Africa; Europe; Leaves and
Trees; Middle Atlantic States; Lakes and Ponds; North Amer-
ica ; Scenes in England ; Lakes of Scotland and Ireland ; Ocean
Forms; Industries of Southern States; Wheat Industry; Boston
6. To supplement the pictures provided by the Fine Arts
Department of the Central Library, collections have been formed
at the branches, of inexpensive pictures likely to be of use to
teachers in their work. These pictures are chiefly representations
of birds or animals, or are related to geography, physical and
political, history, folk life, or the industrial arts. Printed lists
are available, representing the collections of the large branches.
Pictures may be drawn from a distant branch, as well as from
the one nearest to the school.
7. Both teachers and pupils are cordially invited to become
familiar with the room at the Central Library known as the
Teachers' Reference Room. Special facilities are there offered
to teachers in the use of a professional library of reference books
on educational subjects.
Opportunities for older children to do school work are afforded
by the simpler encyclopaedias and reference books.
8. Instruction in the use of the Library, the card catalogue,
and the simpler reference books is offered to classes in the schools.
This instruction is given at the Central Library by appointment
made with teachers.
9. Special cards are issued to teachers of public, parochial,
and private schools, on which may be drawn, for use in connec-
tion with the school work, not more than six books at one time,
to be retained not more than four weeks.
Hie reference books in the Teachers' Reference Room, Cen-
tral Library, of value to teachers in their work, are classified as
follows : (a) The history and theory of education ; (b) Psychol-
ogy; (c) Pedagogical method; (d) Reference books required in
university extension courses; (e) Books required by teachers in
their immediate work ; (f) Reference books on the principal sub-
jects taught in the elementary schools; (g) A partial collection
of the text-books in use in the public schools; (h) A reference
set of the best books for children, in special editions.
The best educational periodicals are filed in the room for
reading, regularly as received. Besides these books and maga-
zines which are reserved for use at the reading tables within the
room, there are books upon the shelves immediately available
for circulation, relating to the following clasified subjects:
(a) The theory and practice of kindergarten teaching ; (b) Story
telling; (c) Music for kindergarten and primary grades.
The reading tables are arranged for use at all times, including
evenings and Sundays, and the attendants are especially familiar
with the collection, and prepared to give such assistance as may
be required in enabling readers to use it. It is adapted for use
by teachers in general professional study, for special reading in
order to keep abreast of current educational thought, and in
the preparation of class work.
The room is easily accessible, on the second or principal
floor of the building, opening from the Children's Reading Room,
which itself opens from the corridor at the head of the main
stairway. While books within it are principally for the use
of teachers, and on account of their character will be mainly
used by them, nevertheless the older pupils in the schools, or other
readers or students who wish to make studious use of such refer-
ence works, are not refused admission to the room, since the
Public Library is not for a special class and its privileges are
necessarily open to all.
For many years the Library has sought the closest co-opera-
tion with the schools, and has in various ways offered friendly
assistance to teachers and pupils. It regards this co-operation
as an important phase of its work.
CHIEFS OF DEPARTMENTS AND CUSTODIANS OF BRANCHES
AND READING-ROOM STATIONS.
As at present organized, the various departments of the Library
and the branches and reading-room stations are in charge of the
Samuel A. Chevalier, Chief of Catalogue Department,
William G. T. Roffe, in Charge of Shelf Department.
Theodosia E. Macurdy, Chief of Ordering Department.
Oscar A. Bierstadt, Custodian of Bates Hall Reference Department.
Pierce E. Buckley, Custodian of Bates Hall Centre Desk, Patent and
Frank H. Chase, Custodian of Special Libraries.
Barbara Duncan, In charge of Brown Music Room.
Walter G. Forsyth, In charge of Barton-Ticknor Room.
Frank C. Blaisdell, Chief of Issue Department.
Langdon L. Ward, Supervisor of Branches and Stations.
Alice M. Jordan, Chief of Children's Department.
John J. Keenan, Chief of Registration Department.
Horace L. Wheeler, First Assistant, in charge of Statistical Department.
Francis Watts Lee, Chief of Printing Department.
James W. Kenney, Chief of Bindery Department.
Henry Niederauer, Chief of Engineer and Janitor Department.
Marian W. Brackett, Custodian of Brighton Branch.
Katherine S. Rogan, Custodian of Charlestown Branch.
M. Florence Cufflin, Custodian of Codman Square Branch.
Elizabeth T. Reed, Custodian of Dorchester Branch.
Ellen O. Walkley, Custodian of East Boston Branch.
Elizabeth Ainsworth, Custodian of Hyde Park Branch.
Mary P. Swain, Custodian of Jamaica Plain Branch.
Edith Guerrier, Custodian of North End Branch.
Helen M. Bell, Custodian of Roxbury Branch.
Mary J. Minton, Custodian of South Boston Branch.
Margaret A. Sheridan, Custodian of South End Branch.
Josephine E. Kermey, Custodian of Upham's Corner Branch.
Alice M. Robinson, Custodian of West End Branch.
Carrie L. Morse, Custodian of West Roxbury Branch.
Mary A. Hill, Custodian of Station A, Lower Mills Reading Room.
Grace L. Murray, Custodian of Station B, Roslindale Reading Room.
Emma D. Capewell, Custodian of Station D, Mattapan Reading Room.
Mary M. Sullivan, Custodian of Station E, Neponset Reading Room.
Isabel E. Wetherald, Custodian of Station F, Mt. Bowdoin Reading
Katherine F. Muldoon, Custodian of Station G, Allston Reading Room.
Margaret H. Reid, Custodian of Station N, Mt. Pleasant Reading Room.
Cora L. Stewart, Custodian of Station P, Tyler Street Reading Room.
Florence M. Bethune, Custodian of Station R, Warren Street Reading
Katrina M. Sather, Custodian of Station S, Roxbury Crossing Reading
Elizabeth P. Ross, Custodian of Station T, Boylston Station Reading
Edith R. Nickerson, Custodian of Station Y, Andrew Square Reading
Edith F. Pendleton, Custodian of Station Z, Orient Heights Reading
Alice L. Murphy, Custodian of Station 23, City Point Reading Room.
Mary F. Kelley, Custodian of Station 24, Parker Hill Reading Room.
Gertrude L. Connell, Custodian of Station 25, Faneuil Reading Room.
EXPENSES OF THE LIBRARY.
The expenses of the Library, paid from the City appropriation,
are shown in detail on the Balance Sheet, page 16—19. To
enable more ready comparison, for two successive years, the
following summary is presented of the various items of expense :
For salaries: 1914-15. 1915-16.
Sunday and evening force
tT^O ■^QO'iA 1i'>^Q''lft^7
From Whitney bibliographic fund
(Salaries in the Printing and
Binding Departments are re-
ported under those heads, re-
From City appropriation .
From trust funds income .
From Carnegie gift, for Gala-
From Sullivan bequest .
Carried forward . . $233,687.97 $280,951.83
For newspapers, Todd fund in-
Furniture and fixtures .
Electric lighting .
Freights and cartage .
Transportation between Centr
and branches .
Postage and telegrams .
Travelling expenses (includi
street car fares on library se
Lecture account (lantern slic
and operator) .
$88 781 ''6
For salaries . .
Electric light and power .
G)ntract work .
Freights and cartage
Small supplies .
Electric light and power .
Contract work .
Freights and cartage
Small supplies .
^4 i^Ai 01
Deposited abroad against foreign
book purchases. Balance .
Totals .... $415,902.17 $421,145.80
The following summary shows the sources from which the
money covered by the foregoing items was derived :
From City appropriation $400,000.00 $407,688.00
Various credits (payment for lost books, etc., balances
from previous years, etc.) 2,358.77 686.14
Trust funds income, gift and bequest . . 13,543.40 12.771.66
Total $415,902.17 $421,145.80
As I have said, the work of a great public library cannot be
shown by statistics, however necessary these may be as definite
records. No one can measure by terms of mathematics the ele-
ment of personality which enters into all human relations, and
upon which the success of a public library depends. The great
libraries of the past were used chiefly by the select and cultured
few, but the modern public library can no longer remain a mere
storehouse for books, a museum for the collection of rare volumes,
nor cater almost entirely to a literary class, whether readers or
writers. However important these functions, and no great public
library may neglect them, it must also expand upon its democratic
side. As a library for the people it must include the business
man, whose problems have in recent years been broadly considered
in books. It must aid the workingman, in increasing his
efficiency, and in some way bring him within its influence to a far
greater extent than at present. It must provide for the children,
and introduce them to that great world of books, within which
they will in after years find pleasure and profit. And more than
all, perhaps, it must promote the use of books, not merely as
instruments of knowledge, but as a means of culture and enjoy-
This report imperfectly indicates how the Boston Public
Library has met these requirements during the past year. I have
summarized the work of the Statistical Department, with its
collections of documents and reports relating to commerce, manu-
factures, transportation, the labor question, and questions of eco-
nomics and social science generally ; of the Fine Arts Department,
with its extensive collection of books and photographs on archi-
tecture, design, painting, sculpture, engineering, building con-
struction, electrical science, and other branches of the fine and
technical arts; and have referred to its work with classes, its
lectures and exhibitions, and its circulation of pictures. The
extensive use of our periodical and newspaper files has been
mentioned. Besides the use of books in the various depart-
ments, our circulation has included books for general reading, —
in the domain of fiction, travels, biography, history, poetry, and
the drama. Perhaps no other library in the country covers a
wider field, or by its history and traditions is forced to meet so
many and so varied demands. It was established, at the begin-
ning of the public library movement, by scholarly men who,
mindful of the needs of scholars, placed upon its shelves many
volumes, which, in the course of time, have become rare, and
can now be found in few public collections. These have been
supplemented by others of like character, received by bequests
or purchased, so that gradually important departments have been
built up whose growth in later years only insufficient funds have
limited. Meantime the public demand for books, not merely
for scholars but for general reading, has increased to an extent
that could not possibly have been foreseen by the founders of the
Library, and draws heavily upon our financial resources. The
income of Trust Funds must be relied upon principally for such
additions as it is possible to make to our scholarly collections.
There are gaps in all of them, and none of them can be brought
to such perfection as we would wish, without the expenditure of
amounts beyond our present income, and for which we must rely
mainly on further benefactions. The sums available from the
annual appropriations of city money can no more than meet,
indeed can hardly meet, the requirements of the service justly to
be expected from such a library as this.
Under present conditions we are often obliged to forego pur-
chases that would otherwise be made, and to buy with the
purpose of meeting proportionately, so far as possible, the require-
ments of a cosmopolitan population; to buy, for example, not
always the books of highest literary merit, but the books which
are best adapted to meet the needs of readers of varying attain-
ments and sometimes of untrained literary taste.
Additions to some of our more important special collections
during the last two years number as follows :
Bowditch. (Higher mathematics) 204
Ticknor. (Spanish literature of especial rarity or value.) ... 59
Barton. (Shakesperiana.) ......... 25
Franklin. (Special works relating to governmeent and political economy.) 13
Lewis. (Special Americana.) ......... 13
Twentieth Regiment. (Special Civil War literature, regimental histories,
etc.) ............ 194
Brown Music. (Rare scores, important works on music or relating to music.) 1 ,086
Galatea. (Relating to the progress of women.) ...... 163
Ariz. (Poetry and other works in special editions, or of special import-
Brown Dramatic. (Rare or important works relating to the stage.) . . 173
Codman. (Landscape architecture.) ...... 36
The inter-library lending arrangement has been mentioned.
This, to a limited degree, enables a library to obtain for the
use of its readers a book which it has not been able to buy, or
which it has refrained from buying because some other acces-
sible library has it. Every library whose finances are limited
must, in order to conserve its resources, co-operate with other
libraries in the vicinity, and thus avoid extensive duplications
of purchases by institutions not far apart. This arrangement
to some extent offsets our inability to buy certain books in limited
demand, although, as will appear from the statement on pages
32, 33, of the inter-library operations during the past year, the
richness of our collections, notwithstanding what they lack of
completeness, enables us to lend to other libraries many more
volumes than we have found it necessary to borrow.
My continued acknowledgements are due to Mr. Otto Fleisch-
ner. Assistant Librarian, whose faithful services through many
years have been of great value to the Library, and I also record
my thanks for the co-operation of the Chiefs of Departments and
Custodians, and that of members of the staff generally. Upon
their loyalty and efficiency the effective operation of the Librar)'
depends. I said last year, and now repeat, that nearly all the
Chiefs and Custodians have been long in the Library service
and know its resources:
Inquiries requiring special knowledge are expected to be made to them
directly, rather than to any minor assistants, and if questions are asked
which do not fall within the province of the department in which the
inquiry is made, as is not unlikely, since no one person can be expected to
know everything, the inquirer will be directed to the proper department.
Reports of dissatisfaction, for any reason, with the operation of the service,
or of failure to obtain the information desired, are earnestly solicited by
the Librarian or Assistant Librarian, one of whom is accessible, without
formality during the day, or by the representative of the Librarian in charge
during the evening.
Horace G. Wadlin.
Accessions and additions. (5ce
Addition to Central Library building,
9—11, 57; Examining Committee on,
Arnold Arboretum, gift of shrubs, etc.,
Balance sheet, 16-19.
Barton-Ticknor room, 48.
Bates Hall, 47.
Bates Hall Centre Desk, 61.
Benton, Josiah H., elected President, 1 .
Bindery, 4, 25, 63.
Books, additions, 3, 33, 34, 35, 40, 49,
72 ; average cost, 3 ; for branches, 7 ;
binding and repair, 4, 63 ; catalogued,
42; circulation, 3, 29-33, 45, 48, 56,
62; deposits, 4, 20, 32, 64; expendi-
tures, 3, 35; Examining Committee on.
22; fiction, 33-34; gifts, 40-42:
reference work, 4, 22, 23, 31, 32,
4^-48, 61, 62 64, 66. 70; selection,
22, 43; transportation, 32; total num-
Branch Department, 56.
Branches, books, 7, 33, 34, 45, 56;
circulation, 29, 30—33; deposits, 64:
Examining Committee on, 25; ex-
tracts from custodians' reports, 57-59:
new buildings needed at So. Boston
and W. Roxbury, 8; pictures at, 65;
repairs and improvements, 28; requests
for establishment of new, 8; total vol-
umes, 45; Mt. Pleasant and Tyler
Street, new equipment, 5, 28.
Brown, Allen A., gift of portrait, 49.
Budget. (5ee Finance.)
Card holders, 60. 66.
Catalogue Department, 42.
Children's Department. 24, 45, 65-66.
Circulation, 3, 20. 29-33, 45. 48. 57,
Clement, Frank, bequest, 7.
Clubs and classes. 31. 46. 48, 49.
Deposits, 4, 20, 32, 64.
Documents and statistics, 62. 70.
Evening and Sunday service. 66.
Examining Conunittee. 1 1 ; report of,
Exhibitions, 46, 49, 59.
Finance, addition to Central Library
building, cost, II; appropriations, 2;
balance sheet, 16-19; bequests. 7;
books, expenditures. 7. 34; equipment
and annual cost, 21, 65 ; estimates, 8 ;
Examining Conmiiltee on, 21 ; re-
ceipts, I ; salaries and wages, 9; trust
funds, 5. 71.
Fine Arts Department, 23, 48, 64, 71.
Gifts, 40-42, 47, 49.
Hours of service, 3.
Hyde, Franklin P., bequest, 7.
Improvements and repairs, 27.
Inter-library loans. 32. 72.
Inventory, 1 1 .
Issue Department, 29.
Kenney, William F., elected Vice Pres-
ident. I .
Lantern slides. 40.
Librarian's report. 27.
Mann, Alexander, reappointed trustee. I.
Music room. 24. 49.
Newspaper room. 61.
Newspapers, expenditures, 3 ; subscrip-
Ordering Department, 35.
Patent room, 61.
Periodical room, 61.
Periodicals, expenditures, 3, 62, 66;
sent to institutions, 32; tramsferred to
Children's Dept., 47.
Photographs and other pictures, 3, 40,
Printing Department, 25, 63.
Publications, 43, 49, 60.
Receipts. (5ee Finance.)
Reference work, 4, 22, 23, 31, 32, 46-
48, 61, 62, 64, 66, 70.
Registration Department, 60.
Repairs and improvements, 27.
Salaries and wages, 9.
Schools and institutions, 4, 24. 46. 48,
Shelf Department, 44.
Skinner, Francis, bequest, 7.
Special privilege cards, 66.
Special Libraries, 23, 48-50.
Story hour, 24, 45.
Sunday and evening service, 62.
Teachers* reference collection, 47, 65-
Trust funds. (5ee Finance.)
Trustees, organization, ! ; meetings, 14.
University Extension. (See Clubs and
The Public Library of the City of Boston: Printing Department.
1 . Central Library, Copley Square.
Branch Libraries, February 1, 1916.
2. Brighlon Branch, Holton Library Building, Academy Hill Road
3. Charleslown Branch, Monument Square, cor. Monument Ave.
4. Dorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St.
5. East Boston Branch. 276 - 282 Meridian St.
6. Jamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St.
7. Roibury Branch, 46 Millmoni St.
8. South Boston Branch, 372 Broadway.
9. South End Branch, 397 Shawmut Ave.
10. Upham's Comer Branch, Columbia Road, cor. Bird St.
1 1. West End Branch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St.
1 2. West Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St.
13. Hyde Park Branch, Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St.
14. North End Branch, 3a North Bennet St.
15. Codman Square Branch. Washington, cor. Norfolk St., Dorches
Delivery Stations. February 1, 1916.
A. Lower Mills Reading Room. Washington, cor. Richmond St.
B. Roslmdale Reading Room. Washington, cot. Ashland St.
D. Mattapan Reading Room. 727 Walk Hill St.
E. Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponset Ave.
F. Moimt Bowdoin Reading Room, Washington, cot. Eldon St.
G. Allston Reading Room, 6 Harvard Ave.
H. Faneuil Reading Room, 100 Brooks St.
N. Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Vine, cor. Dudley St.
P. Tyler Street Reading Room, Tyler, cor. Oak St.
R. Wanen Street Reading Room, 392 Warren St.
S. Roibury Crossing Reading Room, 1 1 54 Trcmont St.
T. Boylston Station Reading Room, The Lamartine, Depot Square.
V. City Point Reading Room, Municipal Building. Broadway.
X. Parker Hill Reading Room, 1 5 1 8 Tremont St.
Y. Andrew Square Reading Room, 3% Dorchester St.
Z. Orient Heights Reading Room, 1030 Bennington St.
Aiea of City (Land only) 45.60 Square miles.
PopuUtion (Census o( 1915), 745.439.
! «ICl .1
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3 9999 06314 656 5