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SIXTY- EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 

TRUSTEES 

OF THE 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON 

1919-1920 




BOSTON 

PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES 

1920 



i 



SIXTY^ EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

TRUSTEES 

OF THE 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON 

1919-1920 




BOSTON 

PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES 

1920 



THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON: 
MP9 ; 7.7.2C; 25C. 



PRINTING DEPARTMENT 



TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

ON FEBRUARY 1, 1920. 



WILLIAM F. KENNEY, President. 

Term expires April 30, 1921. 

ALEXANDER MANN. SAMUEL CARR. 

Term expires April 30, 1920. Term expires April 30, 1923. 

ARTHUR T. CONNOLLY. LOUIS E. KIRSTEIN. 

Term expires April 30, 1922. Term expires April 30, 1924. 



LIBRARIAN. 
CHARLES F. D. BELDEN. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. 

The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, 
organized in 1 852, are now incorporated under the provisions of 
Chapter 1 1 4, of the Acts of 1 878, as amended. The Board for 
1852 was a preliminary organization; that for 1853 made the 
first annual report. At first the Board consisted of one alder- 
man and one common councilman and five citizens at large, until 
1 867, when a revised ordinance made it to consist of one alder- 
man, two common councilmen and six citizens at large, two of 
whom retired, unless re-elected, each year, while the members 
from the City Council were elected yearly. In 1 878 the organi- 
zation of the Board was changed to include one alderman, one 
councilman, and five citizens at large, as before 1867; and in 
1885, by the provisions of the amended city charter, the repre- 
sentation of the City Government upon the Board by an alder- 
man and a councilman was abolished, leaving the Board as at 
present, consisting of five citizens at large, appointed by the 
Mayor, for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring 
each year. The following citizens at large have been members 
of the Board since its organization in 1 852 : 

Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, a.m., 1879-95. 

Appleton, Thomas Gold, a.m., 1852-56. 

Benton, Josiah Henry, ll.d., 1894-1917. 

BiGELow, John Prescott, a.m., 1852-68. 

BowDiTCH, Henry Ingersoll, m.d., 1865-67. 

BowDiTCH, Henry Pickering, m.d., 1894-1902. 

BoYLE, Thomas Francis, 1902-12. 

Braman, Jarvis DwiGHT, 1869-72. 

Brett, John Andrew, 1912-16. 

Carr, Samuel. 1895-96. 1908- 

Chase, George Bigelow.a.m., 1876-85. 

Clarke, James Freeman, d.d., 1879-88. 

CoAKLEY, Daniel Henry, 1917-1919. 

Connolly, Arthur Theodore, 1916- 

CuRTis, Daniel Sargent, A.M., 1873-75, 

De Normandie. James, d.d.. 1895-1908. 

Dwight, Thomas, m.d., 1899-1908. 

Everett, Edward, ll.d., 1852-64. 

Frothingham. Richard, ll.d., 1875-79. 

Green, Samuel Abbott, m.d., 1868-78. 

Greenough, William Whitwell, 1856-88. 

Haynes, Henry Williamson, a.m., 1880-94. 

HiLLARD, George Stillman, ll.d., 1872-75; 76-77. 

Kenney, William Francis, a.m., 1908- 



KiRSTEiN, Louis Edward, 1919- 

Lewis, Weston, 1868-79. 

Lewis, Winslow, m.d., 1867. 

Lincoln, Solomon, a.m., 1897-1907. 

Mann, Alexander, d.d., 1908- 

MoRTON, Ellis Wesley, 1870-73. 

Pierce, Phineas, 1888-94. 

Prince, Frederick Octavius, a.m., 1888-99. 

Putnam, George, d.d., 1868-77. 

Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95. 

Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, ll.d., 1852-68. 

Thomas, Benjamin Franklin, ll.d., 1877-78. 

Ticknor, George, ll.d., 1852-66. 

Walker, Francis Amasa, ll.d., 1896. 

Whipple, Edwin Percy, a.m., 1867-70. 

Whitmore, William Henry, a.m., 1885-88. 

WiNsoR, Justin, ll.d., 1867-68. 

The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board 
from 1 852 to 1 864 ; George Ticknor, in 1 865 ; William 
W. Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof. Henry 
W. Haynes, from May 7, 1888, to May 12, 1888; Samuel 
A. B. Abbott, May 12, 1888, to April 30, 1895; Hon. F. 
O. Prince, October 8, 1895, to May 8, 1899; Solomon 
Lincoln, May 12, 1899, to October 15, 1907; Rev. James 

De Normandie, January 31, 1908, to May 8, 1908; JosiAH 

H. Benton, May 8. 1908, to February 6. 191 7; William F. 
Kenney, since February 13, 1917. 

LIBRARIANS. 

(From 1858 to 1877, the chief executive officer was entitled Superintendent.) 

Capen, Edward, Lifcranan, May 13, 1852 -December 16, 1874. 

Jewett, Charles C, Superintendent, 1858 -January 9, 1868. 

WiNSOR, Justin, ll.d.. Superintendent, February 25, 1 868 - Septem- 
ber 30, 1877. 

Green, Samuel A., m.d.. Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 
1877 -September 30, 1878. 

Chamberlain, Mellen, ll.d.. Librarian, October 1, 1878 -Sep- 
tember 30, 1 890. 

DwiGHT, Theodore F., Librarian, April 13, 1892- April 30, 1894. 

Putnam, Herbert, ll.d., Librarian, February 1 1, 1895 -April 30, 
1899. 

Whitney, James L., a.m.. Acting Librarian, March 31,1 899 - Decem- 
ber 2 1 , 1 899 ; Librarian, December 22, 1 899 - January 31.1 903. 

Wadlin, Horace G., LITT.D., Librarian, February 1, 1903 -March 
15, 1917; Acting Librarian, March 15, 191 7 -June 15, 1917. 

BeldEN, Charles F. D., LL.B., Librarian, since March 15, 1917. 



LIBRARY SYSTEM, FEBRUARY 1, 192Q 



Departments 
■fCentral Library, Copley Sq. 
■fEast Boston Branch, 276-282 Meridian St. 
§Soulh Boston Branch, 372 Broadway 
IIRoxbury Branch, 46 Millmont St. 
tCharlestown Branch, Monument Sq. . 
tBrighton Branch, A&ademy Hill Rd. . 
JDorchesler Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St 
§South End Branch, 397 Shawmul Ave. 
■{■Jamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St 
J West Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St. 
■fWest End Branch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St. 
JUpham's Corner Branch, Columbia Rd., cor. Bird St. 
fHyde Park Branch, Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. . 
tNorth End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. . 
^Codman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St. 
JRoslindale Branch, Washington, cor. Ashland St. 
§Warren Street Branch, 392 Warren St. . . . 

§Station A. Lower Mills Reading Room, Washington St. 

Mattapan Reading Room, 7 Babson St. 

Neponset Reading Room, 362 Neponset Ave. 

Mt. Bowdoin Reading Room, Washington, cor. 

St 

Aliston Reading Room, 138 Brighton Ave. 
Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Vine, cor. Dudley 
Tyler Street Reading Room, Tyler, cor. Oak St 
Roxbury Crossing Reading Room, 1 1 54 Tremont St 
Boyiston Station Reading Room, The Lamartine, 

pot Sq. 

Andrew Square Reading Room, 396 Dorchester St 
Orient Heights Reading Room, 1030 Bennington St 

23. City Point Reading Room, Municipal Bldg., Broadway 

24. Parker Hill Reading Room, 1518 Tremont St. 

25. Faneuil Reading Room, 100 Brooks St. 



§ * 


' D. 


§ ' 


* E. 


§ • 


• F. 


§ * 


* G. 


t ' 


' N. 


t ' 


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§ • 


' S. 


§ * 


* T. 


§ • 


• Y. 


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Eldon 



St. 



^Opened. 

May 2. 1854 

Jan. 28, 1871 

May I, 1872 

July. 1873 

^Jan., 1874 

^Jan.. 1874 

Jan. 25, 1874 

Aug., 1877 

Sept., 1877 

fjan. 6, 1880 

1. 1896 

16. 1896 

1, 1912 

27. 1913 

1, 1914 

1, 1919 

1, 1919 

7. 1875 

27, 1881 

1, 1883 



Feb. 

Mar. 
*Jan. 

Feb. 
*Nov. 
*Sept. 
*Sepl. 

June 

Dec. 

Jan. 



Nov. 1, 1886 

Mar. II, 1889 

Apr. 29. 1892 

Jan. 16, 1896 

Jan. 18. 1897 

Nov. 1. 1897 

Mar. 5. 1914 

June 25. 1901 

July 18. 1906 

July 15. 1907 

Mar. 4. 1914 



^ In the case of the Central Library and some of the branches and stations the opening 
was in a different location from that now occupied. * As a branch. t In building 
owned by City, and exclusively devoted to library uses. J In City building, in part 
devoted to other municipal uses. § Occupies rented rooms. || The lessee of the 
Fellowes Athenaeum, a private library association. 



CONTENTS. 



Report of the Trustees 

Balance Sheet .... 
Report of the Examining Committee 
Report of the Librarian 
Appendix to the Report of the Librarian 
Index to the Annual Report 1919-1920 



1 

14 

18 
21 
58 
70 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Central Library 

Map of the Library System 



Frontispiece 
At the end 



To His Honor Andrew J. Peters, 

Ma})or of the Cif p of Boston. 

Sir: — The Board of Trustees of the Public Library of the 
City of Boston present the following report of its condition and 
affairs for the year ending January 31,1 920, being their sixty- 
eighth annual report. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD. 

TTie annual meeting of the Board of Trustees was adjourned 
from May 5, 1919, to September 26, 1919, when Mr. William 
F. Kenney was elected President, Mr. Samuel Carr, Vice Presi- 
dent, and Miss Delia Jean Deery, Clerk. Mr. Louis E. Kir- 
stein was appointed a Trustee for the term ending April 30, 
1 924, in place of Mr. Daniel H. Coakley. 

RECEIPTS OF THE LIBRARY. 

The receipts of the Library are of two classes: First, those 
which are to be expended by the Trustees in the maintenance of 
the Library. They consist of the annual appropriation by the 
Mayor and City Council, and the income from Trust Funds, 
given to the Trustees but invested by the City Treasurer. Dur- 
ing the past year these receipts were as follows: 

Annual appropriation $546,594.45 

Income from Trust Funds ......... 22,965.13 

Unexpended balance of Trust Fund income of previous years . . 46,185.02 

Total $615,744.60 

Second, receipts which are accounted for and paid into the City 
City Treasury for general municipal purposes. These receipts 
during the year have been as follows : 

From fines $9,073.58 

From sales of catalogues, etc. ......... 37.33 

From commission on telephone stations ....... 307.00 

From sale of waste paper ......... 53036 

From payments for lost books ......... 63 1 .46 

Money found 12.00 

Total $10,591.73 



[2] 

A balance sheet showing all the receipts and expenditures of 
the Library Department in detail is appended. 

ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS RECEIVED FROM 
THE JOSIAH H. BENTON ESTATE. 

The first bequest to the Library under the terms of the will of 
the late Josiah H. Benton, $100,000, in securities and cash, 
was received by the Trustees in March, 1919. The extract 
from the will reads as follows : 

"Eleventh. — I give to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City 
of Boston, one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) to be held as the 
'CHILDREN'S FUND' and the income applied to the purchase of 
books for the young. 

A further provision of the will is as follows : 

It is my desire that the income of the one hundred thousand dollars 
($100,000) given by the Eleventh Clause of my will for the 'CHIL- 
DREN'S FUND' * * * shall be in addition to the sum appropriated 
by the City for the maintenance of the Boston Public Library, and that 
the same shall not be taken into account in any appropriation by the 
City for that purpose. 

The will further provides that the income of the $100,000 
shall be applied to the purchase of books for the young "only 
in years when the city appropriates for the maintenance of the 
Boston Public Library at least 3 per cent of the amount avail- 
able for department expenses from taxes and income in said city. 
In any year when the City does not thus appropriate at least 
3 per cent of the amount available for department expenses from 
taxes and income in said city, the income given in said will for 
the purchase of books shall be paid to the Rector of Trinity 
Church in the City of Boston to be by him dispensed in relieving 
the necessities of the poor." 

As the city in 1919 did not appropriate for the Library 
3 per cent of the amount available for department expenses in 
taxes and income, the accrued income of the securities for one 
year after the death of Mr. Benton to the date when the trustees 
of the estate turned over the principal and interest, amounting 
to $3,782.87, was paid by the Trustees to the Rector of Trinity 
Church to be by him dispensed in "relieving the necessities of the 
poor." 



[31 



TRUSTEES' POWER TO HOLD REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY 
ACQUIRED BY GIFT. 

Chapter 1 16 of the Special Acts of 1919 amends the Act to 
Incorporate the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of 
Boston by enlarging the authority of the Corporation to hold 
real and personal property acquired by gift. Hie Act approved 
by the Governor on April 2, 1919, is as follows: 

An Act relative to the authority of the trustees of the Public Library of 

the City of Boston to take and hold real and personal property. 
Be it enacted, etc., as folloTvs: 

Chapter one hundred and fourteen of the acts of eighteen hundred and 
seventy-eight is hereby amended by striking out section two and substi- 
tuting the following: — Section 2. Said corporation shall have authority 
to take and hold real and personal estate to an amount not exceeding ten 
milhon dollars, which may be given, granted, bequeathed or devised to 
it, and accepted by the trustees for the benefit of the public library of the 
city of Boston or any branch library, or any purpose connected there- 
with. Money received by it shall be invested by the treasurer of the 
city of Boston under the direction of said corporation; and all securities 
belonging to said corporation shall be placed in the custody of said treas- 
urer; provided, alrva'ps, that both the principal and income thereof shall 
be invested and appropriated according to the terms of the donation, 
devise or bequest. 

EXPENDITURE FOR BOOKS. 

It is gratifying to note in the accompanying table the steady 
increase for the last four years in the amount of money spent for 
books, periodicals and newspapers. 



YEAR. 


BOOKS, 


PERIODICALS. NEWSPAPERS. 


TOTALS. 


1915-16 


. $39,973.66 


$6,586.19 $1,879.33 


$48,438.18 


1916-17 


37,919.30 


6,656.53 1,805.73 


46,381.56 


1917-18 


41 ,904.78 


6,326.69 1,962.03 


50,193.50 


1918-19 


44,895.30 


6,194.21 2,021.75 


53,111.26 


1919-20 


58.294.43 


7,920.88 2,41 1 .82 


68.627.13 




EXPENDED FOR FICTION. 




1915-16 . 


. 




$2,518.84 


1916-17 . 






2.683.93 


1917-18 . 


.... 




3.874.61 


1918-19 






5.159.79 


1919-20 . 


. . • • 




5.578.46 


Total . 


$19,815.63 



[4] 



INCREASE IN CIRCULATION. 

The circulation of the Library during 1 91 9-20 was the largest 
in its history. The home use of books from the Central Library, 
branches and reading-rooms was 2,300,732 volumes, an in- 
crease of 272,679 over the previous year. These figures do not 
include the distribution of books and periodicals in Bates Hall, 
the Patent Room, the Children's Room, the Fine Arts and other 
reference departments of the Library where the open shelves 
exist. Many thousands of books are called for in these de- 
partments during the year. 

The accessions of the year numbered 54,419 volumes, of 
which 40,378 were acquired by purchase. Because of the num- 
ber of books lost, missing or condemned, the net gain of volumes 
added to the collections numbered 16,853 at the Central Li- 
brary and 6,950 at the branches. The following comparative 
table shows the home circulation for the past five years : 

1915-16. 1916-17. 1917-18. 191&-19. 1919-20. 

Central circulahon, direct 299.974 273,493 264,840 272.953 307.745 

Branch circulation, in- 
cluding books received 
from Central . 1,835.126 1.776,745 1,809,615 1,755,100 1,992,987 



Total circulation . 2.135,100 2.050,238 2,074,455 2,028,053 2,300,732 

BRANCHES AND READING ROOMS. 

The Roslindale and the Warren Street Reading Rooms were 
graded as branches, beginning September 1 last. This involved 
opening from 9 A.M., instead of from 2 P.M., and a larger library 
force, changes which were of real benefit to the public. 

The Allston Reading Room was moved to quarters at the 
corner of Brighton and Harvard Avenues on November 1 , 1919. 

A GIFT FROM BOSTON, ENGLAND. 

In April, 1918, Mr. George W. Coleman of this city was in 
Boston, England, in behalf of the Open Forum movement. 
During a stroll on the river embankment he was shown part of 
an ancient oaken balustrade, once standing in the Palace of 
Justice, or Courtroom, of the old Guildhall of that ancient English 



city, and then held by the owner at the suitable disposition of 
the Boston Town Council. Before this rail some of the Pilgrim 
Fathers had appeared as prisoners in 1607, but what sentence 
was imposed by the Lords of the Council at the trial is not, and 
probably never will be, known. Among these prisoners was 
Elder William Brewster. 

Mr. Coleman, recognizing the importance of this memorial 
to newer Boston, especially at the approach of the Pilgrim Ter- 
centenary, expressed a wish that this event "could be marked by 
a presentation from the Mother to the Daughter City of such a 
significant old relic as the balustrade." The idea was welcomed 
by His Honor the Mayor of old Boston, A. Cooke Yarborough, 
but no action was taken in the matter until after the armistice 
was signed in November, 1918. 

In due time the gift arrived, and arrangements were made to 
place it in the Delivery Room of the Central Library in Copley 
Square. On May 29, 1919, at 2.30 p.m., the formal presenta- 
tion was made in behalf of the City of Boston, England, by the 
Acting British Consul, Alfred J. Ogston, and His Honor, 
Mayor Andrew J. Peters, accepted the gift in behalf of the 
City of Boston, Massachusetts. At this ceremony the Library 
Board was represented by its President, W. F. Kenney, the 
Rev. Arthur T. Connolly, the Rev. Alexander Mann, D.D., 
and by the Librarian, Charles F. D. Belden. 

This rail or portion of the old dock will henceforth stand 
in the Delivery Room before the large window facing Hunting- 
ton Avenue. 

Below follow the short addresses made by Mr. Ogston and 
Mayor Peters. 

ADDRESS OF MR. OGSTON. 

Your Honor, a short time ago it was my privilege to present to you 
as representative of this city, a casket containing an address from the 
Mayor and Corporation of the City of Boston in England. It is now a 
great pleasure to me to have the opportunity of requesting your acceptance, 
on behalf of this City, of the gift of these rails, sent to their American 
namesake by the old English city. 

A railing. Your Honor, is customarily regarded as a species of barrier 
between two opposing forces, and in the days of the Pilgrim Fathers 
this railing fulfilled this duty in the old Boston Court-House. Now, 



16] 

however, no barrier would be sufficiently strong to keep apart the two 
peoples to which we belong, and on whom the peace of the world ulti- 
mately depends. 

This old piece of furniture has therefore lost its significance, but I 
hope, nevertheless, that here, in this magnificent library, it may still 
serve as a barrier, keeping out all the partisans and false literature, his- 
torical and otherwise, which, by disseminating prejudiced and inaccurate 
information, both in this country and in my own, has done so much, 
through misinformation of the inquiring mind, to keep alive old prejudices 
and resentment. 

I have the pleasure. Your Honor, of requesting your acceptance of 
this ancient railing, as a token of the kindly and cordial feeling entertained 
by the City of Boston in England for the City of Boston in New England, 
and emblematic of the feeling of love and esteem which exists between 
the two nations. 

ADDRESS OF MAYOR PETERS. 

The other day we read that an apple tree in Danvers planted by 
Governor Endicott, more than two hundred and fifty years ago, was still 
blooming, a symbol, perhaps, of the vigor of the Puritan spirit, the best 
of which, in spite of many changes, is still alive in New England. 

But here is a memento older and more significant than the apple tree 
in Danvers — one that speaks to us, not of the comparatively well-to-do 
settlers of Charlestown, Dorchester and Trimountain, but of the lowlier 
and gentler Pilgrims of Plymouth. They, too, it seems, had their contact 
with old Boston, which was an early centre of the Puritan or Separatist 
movement. In 1607, according to Bradford, "a large company of them 
purposed to get passage at Boston in Lincolnshire and for that end had 
hired a ship wholly to themselves," intending to sail for Holland. But 
the master of the vessel betrayed them. They were put in open boats, 
robbed of their belongings and taken back to town where the greater 
number, after being kept in prison for a month, were sent to their homes 
in the nearby villages. Seven of the principal men, including Elder 
Brewster, were bound over to the assizes. 

Today, by the thoughtful act of the Mayor of Boston, England, we 
are permitted to have in our possession a material relic, — one might 
alrtiost say an inanimate witness, — of this incident in the story of these 
simple and pious families. This is the railing of the dock in the Guild 
Hall at Boston. Elder Brewster himself may have rested his hands upon 
it and listened to the charge preferred against him. He and his companions 
were certainly confined in the building. 

Such mementoes quicken the imagination. They take history out of 
the books and make it a living thing before our eyes. Every person who 
sees this railing, whether adult or child, will be able to picture for himself 
better the wanderings of the little band whose adventures form one of 
the most inspiring pages in history. We can see them in their northern 



[7] 

villages, most of them, as Bradford says, "used to a plain country life 
and the innocent trade of husbandry." In the beginning of King James's 
reign we find them "hunted and persecuted on every side so as their 
former afflictions w^ere but a flea-biting in comparison to those which now 
came upon them." It was then that they took their great resolution "to 
go into the Low Countries, where they heard was freedom of religion for 
all men." 

Their first attempt, the one made at Boston, failed. A second was 
partly successful. Assembled on a lonely common between Hull and 
Grimsby, most of the men were taken to sea ; but the women and children, 
who had been separated from them, were captured and only permitted to 
join them later. Few of them ever saw England again. The next dozen 
years of their history belongs to Holland; the rest to Plymouth and 
America. 

It is not for me to draw from this heroic narrative the lessons of fortitude 
and patience that it teaches; but I may assure you of my satisfaction that 
a place of honor will be kept in the Public Library for this precious 
memorial. Standing here it will serve as a link between the old days 
and the new, mutely teaching the great virtue of reverence to our children. 
It will furnish a fresh bond of attachment between ourselves and the 
people of Boston in Lincolnshire. As Mayor of the younger city bearing 
that honored name, I send back sympathetic greetings and warm apprecia- 
tion to our kindred across the ocean who have been inspired to this act of 
gracious courtesy. 

TRAINING OF LIBRARY ASSISTANTS. 

The agreement between the Trustees and Simmons College, 
the inception of which was set forth in last year's report, has 
been carried into effect and a workable arrangement satisfactorily 
inaugurated. At the opening of the academic year 1919-20 
Simmons College offered to the properly qualified library em- 
ployees not only all the regular courses in Library Science, but 
the college courses in English, Literature (American, English, 
Continental), Foreign languages. History, etc. 

A special course consisting of 35 lectures on the Aims and 
Methods in Present Day Library Work was planned for the em- 
ployees of the Library and has been given at the Central Library 
building. A course on Work with Children consisting of 30 
lectures given by Miss Jordan, Supervisor of Work with Chil- 
dren, was also scheduled to be given at the Central Library. 
Since, however, the College division so largely outnumbered the 
Library group it seemed desirable to transfer the class to Simmons 



[8] 

College. Eighty-seven members of the Library staff have 
availed themselves of the opportunity which this cooperation with 
Simmons College has offered. 

EXTENSION OF LIBRARY PRIVILEGES. 

In connection with the adoption of a new registration, the 
Rules and Regulations of the Library were changed in June, 
1919, to admit younger readers as card-holders. 

Instead of requiring that children shall be ten years old before 
receiving a library card, they are now allowed that privilege 
when they reach the third grade in school. 

BUSINESS MEN'S BRANCH. 

For several years the Trustees have recommended the estab- 
lishment of a branch in the center of th» business section of the 
city. This extension of the Library's service would be in line 
with the policy of the Board to locate branches and reading rooms 
where they are most needed. 

The Examining Committees of the Library have for several 
years indorsed this recommendation of the Trustees, and the 
project has the approval of leading citizens and firms throughout 
the city. Obviously, to be of practical value, the branch should 
be located on the street floor and in a convenient building. A 
special appropriation from the city, however, will be necessary 
to carry out this plan. 

The Trustees renew the recommendation made last year that 
this much needed extension receive the early consideration of the 
Mayor and City Council. 

ESTIMATES FOR 1920-21. 

Hie Trustees have forwarded to the Mayor and City Council 
their estimates of the expenses of the Library for the ensuing 
year in the form required by the budget schedule. The present 
schedule for personal service, all positions filled at maximum pay, 
requires $430,000. The salary estimate for 1920—21 under 
the same conditions, with increases to take effect April 1 in ac- 
cordance with the suggestions contained in the Mayor's Circular 
No. 43, to heads of departments, dated January 15, 1920 is 



[9] 

$523,771. Since the appropriation for salaries for the Library 
Department is made in a lump sum, $13,771 may be deducted 
from this estimate on account of lost time, vacancies, etc., making 
the total estimate for salaries $5 1 0,000, or $80,000 increase over 
the existing schedule. 

The total estimate for the general maintenance of the Library 
apart from the items for personal service is $178,391, or an 
increase of $40,154 over the actual expense of the past year. 
This sum includes the absolutely necessary repairs at the Central 
Library and branches, increases in prices of materials and sup- 
plies, and provision for the constant growth of the Library 
system. The total amount necessary for all purposes is, there- 
fort, $688,391. 

LIBRARY WAGES. 

On June 1, 1919, a general increase of $100 a year was 
allowed to all members of the regular staff receiving less than 
$1,800 a year; on June 27, 1919, and January 5, 1920, in- 
creases were allowed to members of the Bindery Department; 
on August 11, 1919, and on January 4, 1920, increases to all 
members of the Printing Department; on August 15, 1919, 
and on January 2, 1 920, increases to members of the Engineer 
Department. In addition to these general increases certain grade 
increases were granted to members of the staff receiving less than 
the maximum rate of their positions. The total amount of all 
increases for the year was about $25,000. 

In accordance with the suggestions made in the Mayor's 
circular No. 43, an increase of $80,000 in salaries was included 
in the estimates for the ensuing year. The Trustees are of the 
opinion that still further increases to regular library employees 
are absolutely necessary to maintain efficiency, and attract to the 
service of the City the best library talent in the country. 

TRUST FUNDS. 

The Trust Funds, that is, property given to the Trustees in 
trust for the use of the Library amount to $673,749.45. They 
are by law required to be invested by the City Treasurer. 

A detailed statement of these funds, and the income therefrom, 



no] 



is contained in the report of the City Auditor, but a condensed 
statement of them is as follows : 

RESTRICTIONS OF GIFT. 
For the purchase of valuable and rare editions of the 
writings, either in verse or prose, of American and 
of foreign authors, "to be known as the Longfellow 
Memorial Collection." 
To buy "books of permanent value." 
Purchase of books. 
For the purchase of books. 

For "the purchase of books of permanent value and 
authority in mathematics and astronomy," to be 
added to the Bowditch Collection. 
Unrestricted. 
Unrestricted. 

For the purchase of books for the use of the young. 
For the purchase of books. 

For the purchase of books upon landscape gardening. 
For the purchase of books and for binding for the 
Abram E. Cutter Collection. 

For the purchase of books of "permanent value and 

authority." 

Unrestricted. 

Books of permanent value, preferably books on 

government and political economy. 

Books relating to American history. 

Books for Charlestown Branch, published before 

1850. 

For benefit of the Charlestown Branch. 

Unrestricted. 

For the purchase of books. 

Books having a permanent value. 

"To hold and apply the income and so much of the 

principal as they [the Trustees] may choose to the 

purchase of special books of reference to be kept 

and used only at the Charlestown Branch of said 

Public Library." 

For the purchase of old and rare books to be added 

to the John A. Lewis library. 

Memorial Fund, from the income of which books 

are to be bought for the West End Branch. 

Unrestricted. 

From the Papyrus Club for the purchase of books 

as a memorial of John Boyle O'Reilly. 

"To the maintenance of a free public library." 

"Purchase of books," 

Carried forward $428,61 9.95 



FUND. 




AMOUNT. 


Ariz 


• 


$ 10,000.00 


Bates . 




50,000.00 


Bigelow 


, 


1,000.00 


Billings . 




100,000.00 


Bowditch 




10,000.00 


Bradlee . 




1,000.00 


Center . 


. 


39,543.14 


"Children's' 


(under 




Benton Will) 


100,000.00 


Clement . 




2,000.00 


Codman 




2,854.41 


Cutter . 


• 


4,090.00 


"Elizabeth" 


(under 




Matchett 


Will) 


25,000.00 


Ford . 


. 


6,000.00 


Franklin 


• 


1.000.00 


Green . 




2,000.00 


Charlotte H 


arris 


10,000.00 


Thomas B. Harris 


1 ,000.00 


Hyde . 




3,632.40 


Knapp . 




10,000.00 


Abbott Lawrence 


10,000.00 


Edward Lawrence 


500.00 



Lewis . 


5,000.00 


Loring . 


500.00 


Mead . 


2,500.00 


O'Reilly 


1 ,000.00 


Phillips . 


30,000.00 



ill 



Brought forTvard 


$428,619.95 


Pierce . 


5,000.00 


Scholfield . 


61,800.00 


Sewall . 


25,000.00 


Skinner . 


51,621.51 


South Boston . 


100.00 


Ticknor 


4.000.00 


Todd . 


50,000.00 


Townsend 


4,000.00 


Trea dwell 


13.987.69 


Tufts . 


10.131.77 


Twentieth Regimen 


5.000.00 


Wales . 


5,000.00 


Alice L.Whitney 


5,000.00 


James L. Whitney 


3.488.53 


Wilson . 


1,000.00 


Total 


$673,749.45 



"Books of permanent value for the Bates Hall." 
To be used for books of permanent value. 
For the purchase of books. 
Unrestricted. 

For benefit of the South Boston Branch. 
Books in Spanish and Portuguese, five years old in 
some one edition. 

The income to be expended annually for current 
newspapers of this and other countries. 
Books five years old in some one edition. 
Unrestricted. 

For the benefit of the Charlestown Branch. 
"For the purchase of books of a military and pa- 
triotic character, to be placed in the alcove appro- 
priated as a Memorial of the Twentieth Regiment." 
For the purchase of books. 

For the benefit of sick and needy employees and 
the purchase of books. 
For books and manuscripts. 
For the purchase of books. 



EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

As required by the City Ordinance, the Trustees appointed 
an Examining Committee for this year, and joined the President 
of the Library Board with it, as Chairman. Those who were 
appointed and who have served as members of the Committee are 
as follows : 



Mr. Andrew A. Badaracco. 
Mrs. Patrick H. Batts. 
Miss Jessica Carr. 
Mrs. Edward J. Carroll. 
Miss Frances G. Curtis. 
Mr. Dennis A. Dooley. 
Miss Maud C. Hartnett. 
Rev. Albion H. Johnson. 
Mr. Vincent A. Keenan. 



Mr. Joseph E. Kelly. 
Rev. Henry Lyons. 
Rev. Thomas J. MacCormack. 
William H. McMann, M.D. 
Mrs. Samuel W. Myers. 
Miss Jean N. Oliver. 
Mr. F. Nathaniel Perkins. 
Mr. R. Clipston Sturgis. 
Mr. E. Sohier Welch. 



To enable this Committee to perform its duties with con- 
venience and efficiency it organized with the following officers 
and sub-committees : 

Rev. Henry Lyons, Vke-Chairman. 
Miss Deery, of the Library Staff, Secretary. 



[12] 

ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE. 

This Committee considered the administration of the Library, its work- 
ing as an entire system, including the Central Library and all Branches and 
Reading Rooms, and, in connection with this, its financial management, 
including the sources from which its revenue is derived, and the manner in 
which it is expended. Its members were: 

Mr. Dooley, Chairman. 
Mr. Perkins. Mr. Welch. 

BOOKS, 

This Committee gave attention to all matters connected with the 
acquisition and use of books and other library material, in the Central 
Library and Branches. Its members were: 

Miss Hartnett, Chairman. 
Mrs. Batts. Miss Curtis. 

fine arts and music. 

This Committee gave attention to these Departments, including the 
circulation of pictures from the Central Library and Branches. Its 
members were: 

Mr. StURGIS, Chairman. 

Miss Oliver. Rev. Father MacCormack. 

printing and binding. 

This Committee examined and considered all matters connected with 
the Departments of Printing and Binding, with special attention to the 
expenses of the Departments and the products of each of them. Its 
members were: 

Mr. Kelly, Chairman. Dr. McMann. 

BFIANCHES AND READING ROOMS. 

It was thought best to divide the Branches and Reading Rooms into 
groups in different parts of the City, and appoint a Committee to examine 
and report with regard to each group. These groups and the several 
Committees thus appointed were as follows: 

SOUTH BOSTON AND SOUTH END BRANCHES, ANDREW SQUARE, CITY POINT AND 
TYLER STREET READING ROOMS. 

Rev. Father Lyons, Chairman. 
Mrs. Batts. Mrs. Carroll. 

CHARLESTOWN AND EAST BOSTON BRANCHES AND ORIENT HEIGHTS READING ROOM. 

Rev. Father MacCormack, Chairman. 
Mr. Kelly. Miss Hartnett. 



[13] 

BRIGHTON, JAMAICA PLAIN, WEST ROXBURY, HYDE PARK, ROSLINDALE AND WARREN 

STREET BRANCHES, BOYLSTON STATION, ROXBURY CROSSING, PARKER 

HILL, ALLSTON AND FANEUIL READING ROOMS. 

Mr. Keenan, Chairman. 

Mrs. Batts. Mr. Dooley. 

Rev. Mr. Johnson. Dr. McMann. 

DORCHESTER, ROXBURY, UPHAM's CORNER AND CODMAN SQUARE BRANCHES, 

MT. PLEASANT, MT. BOWDOIN, LOWER MILLS, MATTAPAN 

AND NEPONSET READING ROOMS. 

Miss Carr, Chairman. 
Miss Oliver. Mr. Badaracco. 

WEST END AND NORTH END BRANCHES. 

Mr. Perkins, Chairman. 

Mrs. Myers. Miss Carr. 

Rev. Father Lyons. 

children's department and work with schools. 

This Committee gave special attention to the work which the Library 
16 doing for children, and also to what it is doing in connection with the 
schools, with regard not only to the way in which the work is done, but 
also as to its extension and its limitation. Its members were: 

Miss Curtis, Chairman. 

Rev. Father MacCormack. Mr. Keenan. 

Rev. Mr. Johnson. 

general committee. 

For the purpose of receiving the reports of the work of the various other 
sub-committees, and preparing a draft report of the Examining Committee 
to be considered by it in a meeting of all its members, and for any other 
general purpose connected with the examination of the Library system, a 
sub-committee, called the General Committee, was appointed. Its mem- 
bers were: 

Rev. Father Lyons, Chairman. 

Mr. Dooley. Miss Curtis. 

The report of the Examining Committee is appended hereto 
and included as part of our report. 

William F. Kenney, 
Samuel Carr, 
Alexander Mann, 
Arthur T. Connolly, 
Louis E. Kirstein. 



[14] 
BALANCE SHEET. RECEIPTS AND 



Dr. 



Central Library and Branches 


: 












To expenditures for 




Permanent employees $297,923.81 




Temporary employees 49,643.41 








$347,567.22 




Service other than personal 




Postage 1.337.94 




Advertising 












15.30 




Transportation of persons 












224.70 




Cartage and freight . 












11.883 .24 




Light and power 












8,491.34 




Rent, taxes and water 












13,300.96 




Premium on surety bond 












5.00 




Communication 












927.27 




Cleaning, towels, etc. 












667.79 




Removal of snow 












33.90 




Medical . 












14.80 




Examinations 












27.00 




Expert and architect . 












680.18 




Fees . . 












7.20 




Boiler inspection 












17.00 




General plant repairs 








4 




11.426.19 








49,059.81 




To expenditures for equipment: 




Motorless vehicles 24.23 




Furniture and fittings 1 ,461 .41 




Office 318.47 




Library (books and periodicals) : 




City appropriation . . . $42,304.06 




Trust funds income . . . 15,990.37 




- 




58,294.43 








Newspapers (from Todd fund income) . . . 2,41 1 .82 




Periodicals 7,920.88 




Tools and instruments ...... 560.69 




General plant equipment ...... 576.84 








71.568.77 




To expenditures for supplies: 




Office . . ■ 2,627.23 




Ice 










321.24 




Fuel .... 










19,698.01 




Forage and animals . 










8.70 




Laundry, cleaning and toilet 










1.074.05 




Agricultural 










53.45 




Chemicals and disinfectants 










102.08 




General plsmt . 










1,799.47 








25.684.23 




Carried forivard 


$493,880.03 



[15] 
EXPENSES, JANUARY 31, 1920. 



By City Appropriation 1919-20 $546,594.45 

Income from Trust funds ...... 22,965.13 

Income from James L. Whitney bibliographic account . 700.00 

Interest on deposit in London ..... 96.54 

By balances brought forward from February 1, 1919: 

City appropriation on deposit in London . . . 2,324.34 

Trust funds income. City Treasury .... 46,185.02 

James L. Whitney bibliographic account . . . 1,760.61 



Cr. 



$570,356.12 



50.269.97 



Carried forward 



$620,626.09 



6] 



BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND 



Dr. 

Brought forward . . . . 

To expenditures for material: 

Electrical ........ 

General plant ....... 

To expenditures from Alice Lincoln Whitney fund 



Binding Department: 

To expenditures for salaries 

Stock .... 

Equipment . 

Contract work 

Cleaning 

Repairs 

Small supplies 



Printing Department: 
To expenditures for salaries 
Stock . 
Equipment . 
Gas 

Contract work 
Cleaning 
Repairs 
Small supplies 



To AMOUNT PAID INTO CiTY TREASURY: 

From fines . 

Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists 

Commission on telephone stations . 

Sale of waste paper 

Payments received for lost books . 

Money found .... 



To BALANCE JANUARY 31, 1920: 

Trust funds income on deposit in London 
City appropriation on deposit in London 
Interest on deposit in London 
Trust funds income balance, City Treasury 
James L. Whitney bibliographic account 

Balance unexpended .... 



$1,631.29 
2,265.19 



40,619.21 
3,316.03 
163.55 
103.00 
276.72 
176.36 
91.44 



10,225.29 

2,075.53 

661.04 

10.59 

294.49 

276.71 

46.57 

26.28 



9,073.58 

37.33 

307.00 

530.36 

631.46 

12.00 



10,018.82 

6,789.78 

96.54 

40,629.14 
2,460.61 



$493,880.03 



3,896.48 
100.00 



44,746.31 



13,616.50 



10.591.73 



59,994.89 
4.391.88 



$631,217.82 



17] 



EXPENSES. JANUARY 31. 1920. 



Brought forrvard . 

From fines ..... 
Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists 
Commission on telephone stations . 
Sale of waste paper 
Payments received for lost books . 
Money found .... 



$9,073.58 

37.33 

307.00 

530.36 

631.46 

12.00 



Cr. 

$620,626.09 



10.591.73 



$631,217.82 



REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

1919-1920. 

To THE Trustees of the Public Library of the 
City of Boston. 

Gentlemen: 

Hie Examining Committee respectfully submits the following 
report, which sums up the recommendations of the various sub- 
committees except those submitted in detail on the Branch 
Libraries. 

They wish to dwell on the harmonious spirit and courteous 
attention shown throughout by all the employees of the Central 
Library and the Branches, the service given so freely by the 
Trustees, and the appreciation of all services shown by the 
patrons of the Library, in the discipline and quiet that mark 
the buildings. 

The Sub-committee on Administration and Finance recom- 
mends : 

1. That, although an appropriation for an increase in the salaries 
of the Library staff has been announced by the Mayor, further considera- 
tion be given to the Library Department to the end that the salaries paid 
therein may better correspond with the salaries paid in other city depart- 
ments, and in order that competent and scholarly assistants may be attracted 
to the service of the institution as a means of retaining for the Boston Public 
Library its intellectual leadership among the libraries of the country. 

2. That the Mayor be urged to give the Library the largest possible 
appropriation for the purchase of books. This is necessary not only to 
meet the material increase in the cost of books and periodicals and the 
purchase of current scholarly, technical and recreational books, but to 
permit the Library to fill in its foreign book arrears for a five year period, 
some of w^hich are now awaiting release and transportation. Special 
purchases during the year should also be made of books for children and 
for work in citizenship. 

3. That the Library continue to offer facilities for the technical educa- 
tion of its employees in the field of library work. 



[19] 

4. That the staff of the Bates Hall Reference Department be 
strengthened by the addition of one or two assistants of wide training, 
whose competence and tact have been proved by experience in this or other 
institutions. 

5. That a general library information office be established on the 
first floor, possibly in connection with the Government Information Office, 
and that at all hours when the Library is open a qualified assistant should 
be in charge. 

6. That a docent service be established in connection with the above 
information office in order that the various services of the Library and its 
interesting architectural and artistic details be explained to the public at 
such times and in such manner as the Trustees may determine. 

7. That publicity in a form of a series of articles written in popular 
style on the various services and departments of the Library be prepared 
for the Sunday editions of the Boston papers. 

8. That the matter of establishing a Business Men's Branch Library 
be taken up again. 

9. That the Examining Committee or any sub-committee of the same 
be subject to the call of the Trustees or the Librarian for the purpose of 
conference or special investigation at any time throughout its year of service. 

Music and Fine Arts. The sub-committee asks that more 
adequate recognition and exhibition be made of the material and 
that the pictures and prints be more generally shown. 

Printing and Binding. It is suggested that books should be 
repaired rather than rebound, when the original binding is of 
value. 

Books. The need of books for all ages — but especially for 
the very young children, which can also be used by parents learn- 
ing English, is urgent. 

Children s Department. The great increase in the number 
of children using the libraries as a result of admitting them 
under ten has naturally greatly increased the need of books, as 
has already been said. A second very great need is that for 
trained assistants in the children's rooms. 

Work Ti>ith Schools. Much more can be done with the 
schools — which means with the teachers — and a real cam- 
paign of library appreciation should be started. Speakers should 
go from library to school to tell of the treasures to be had for the 
asking, and to show teachers how to depend on the books of 
reference, pictures, or charts that illustrate subjects for all grades. 



[20] 

The new service of vitalizing government documents alone 
needs immediate introduction to the schools, while story-hours 
and illustrated talks in the libraries should be more widely adver- 
tised and used. 

In fact, wise publicity might be used to advantage to achieve 
the very necessary results of funds for salaries, books, and addi- 
tions such as the Business Men's Down-Town Branch. 

Adopted as the Report of the Examining Committee, Febru- 
ary 4, 1920. 



REPORT OF THE LIBRARIAN. 

To the Board of Trustees: 

I respectfully submit my report for the year ending January 
31, 1920. 

THE SALARY OF THE LIBRARY EMPLOYEE. 

The problem of the trained and educated library worker 
is acute. There is no lack of statistics to reveal the exact con- 
dition of librarians and their assistants in the present time of 
social and economic reorganization. Figures, which need not be 
cited here, abundantly prove that library employees are in a 
sorry plight as regards, not so much a just reward for their service, 
but the actual means of subsistence. In no sense have their wages 
or salary kept pace with the increased cost of living, and they 
find themselves, in far too many cases, literally stranded, in an 
amazed and wondering state of mind. It is not a question of 
"What am I worth," but "What shall I do!" No argument 
whatever is needed to prove that in all honesty and fairness an 
adequate measure of relief is due to this class of public servants. 
But just how this relief shall be administered is quite another 
matter. The higher grades of workers will not be inclined to 
press their claims so urgently, though their needs, according to 
their upbringing and mode of life to which they have grown 
accustomed, may be even sharper than the deprivations of others 
who have been paid less in the past. Since the question just 
now is not m every case one of reward for service rendered, but 
a provision against actual want, the only practical solution is to 
increase the emoluments of those who receive lower pay in a 
ratio higher than the increase to be bestowed on the better paid. 
It is still true, however, that the abler, better educated, and more 
energetic members of the Library staff are justly entitled to recog- 



[22] 

nition in proportion to the value of their services, and that, in due 
course, this matter must be set right. But, meanwhile, the con- 
ditions of today are abnormal and call for expedients, involving 
perhaps an apparent suspension of this principle, in order to pro- 
vide some immediate general relief. 

THE TRAINING OF ASSISTANTS. 

The terms of the agreement between Simmons College and 
the Library, as set forth in the Report of the Trustees for the 
year ending January 31, 1919, became effective in September 
with the opening of the academic year : forty-eight members of 
the staff registered in the course on the Aims and Methods in 
Present Day Library Work, exemplified by the practice of the 
Boston Public Library and other modern libraries and library 
agencies. This course, consisting of thirty-five lectures, is held 
on Thursday mornings, September 25 to June 10 inclusive. 
The first half of the course, conducted by instructors from the 
Simmons College Library School, was devoted to the general 
elementary methods of library work now used in progressive li- 
braries, including descriptions of the methods of selecting, order- 
ing, and preparing books for the use of the public, and also of 
the ways in which assistants prepare themselves to give the most 
intelligent and prompt help to library users, especially in the 
issue and reference departments. The second half of the course 
relates to the organization and resources of the Boston Public 
Library system. Representatives of the various departments of 
the Library are to lecture, each on his or her own field of work, 
and its methods and organization. Not merely the Central Li- 
brary, but the entire Library system is covered in these lectures. 

Sixteen members of the staff completed the course offered by 
the Library in Work with Children, which extended from No- 
vember, 1 9 1 8, to May, 1919. At the termination of this course, 
given in the Central Library, several members presented theses 
embodying a study of their own neighborhoods and the oppor- 
tunities they present for work with children. 

Under the arrangement made with Simmons College the course 
in Work with Children offered in 1919-20 was open to the 



[23] 

seniors and post-graduate students of that institution as well as 
to the employees of the Library. The united class was so large 
that in order to secure the best results the course was presented 
in two sections. Twelve members of the Library staff availed 
themselves of the privilege of this instruction. While there has 
been an inevitable lack of homogeneity in the group composed 
of college graduates and library assistants, it is probable that 
there has been a mutual contact not without value. 

Twenty-three members of the staff registered in one or more 
of the following courses offered at Simmons College: Library 
Economy and Classification (3), The Literature of England 
to the Restoration (2), The Contemporary Drama (1), Con- 
tinental Literature (7), History of European Civilization from 
the Renaissance to the Franco-Prussian War (2), German 
for beginners (2), French for beginners (3), French for second 
year students (1), Italian Grammar and Modern Prose (3), 
Social Work with Families ( 1 ) , Social Work with Children ( 1 ) . 

BOOKS NEWLY RECEIVED. 

The Boston Public Library, in common with many others, 
has been hampered this year by unsatisfactory conditions and 
rising costs in the book trade, embarrassments resulting from the 
various strikes which have affected printing and transportation, 
and the delays in the still unsettled foreign service. As the year 
closes, however, a summary of the work accomplished shows 
the resumption of importations from Germany, interrupted since 
August, 1916; a beginning made in filling gaps in the foreign 
periodicals; and an increasing opportunity for purchase in 
Europe. It also shows the accessions of 1919—20, numbering 
54,4 1 9 books, to be the largest ever recorded in a single year. 

This total includes 40,378 volumes acquired by purchase (ex- 
cluding 939 volumes bought for Fellowes Athenaeum), of which 
28,690 were placed in Branches, Stations and the Deposit 
Collection; 10,219 were acquired by gift and accessioned and 
the remainder, 3,056, by binding and exchanges. 

The increase in accessions over previous years lies in the num- 
ber of books purchased, 40,378; the nearest approach to this 



[24] 

number was in 1914, when 37,295 volumes were bought. Of 
the total number, nearly 20,000 volumes, or 50 per cent, were 
books for children. Notwithstanding the purchase of the un- 
usual number of books of this class, they were insufficient to 
meet the demands of the younger readers. It is doubtful whether 
books for children of school age can ever be bought in entirely 
satisfying quantities, almost certainly not with the present financial 
resources of the Library. 

The details of acquisition by purchase, gift or otherwise, in 
comparison with last year, may be found at page 60 of the 
Appendix. 

Adequate financial provision must be made in 1920 if the 
institution is to maintain for all its readers the standard of its 
collections both in quality and quantity. It can never be urged 
too strongly or too often that the main objective of the Public 
Library of the Gity of Boston is more and better books. There 
are vital interests which a modern library can ill afford to neglect, 
but books are the chief reason for the institution's existence. 
That more money for more books in proportion to the total yearly 
expenditure has become an imperative necessity is the belief of 
all those who have the welfare of the Library at heart. En- 
larged appropriations are also necessary in order to provide 
for timely and essential work in Americanization. This means 
more books for aliens, many of them in their native language, 
and particularly books about our country, its government and 
institutions ; more books for learning English ; and provision for 
lectures and conferences in the Library lecture halls. 

As long as the present policy is maintained of providing for 
the general public the reasonably generous supply of books it 
really wants and has some right to expect, a larger amount of 
money must be continuously expended to gratify such a demand, 
provided such demand is neither morbid nor beyond reasonable 
bounds. With only a limited amount to spend, however, it is 
perfectly clear that the more money now available is spent to buy 
books which are, as a rule, only entertaining and amusing, the 
less money there will be for books which serve the high purpose 
of upbuilding the intellectual resources of the community. It 



[25] 

would be a serious and awkward matter to deprive the public of 
privileges it has learned to expect, and thereby to lose the good 
will of a constituency which cannot be either neglected or ignored. 
The retention of this good will under present conditions means 
only one thing — fewer books of the high order. A rich return 
to the community is asured by these so termed "better books.' 
The reader of thoughtful and stimulating literature, the student, 
the scholar, as a rule does his reading with a purpose, and it is a 
high one, while the return he makes for an ample mental sus- 
tenance is not the less real because it is indirect. Let it be 
shown that the Boston Public Library is equipped — fully 
equipped — to aid students in every branch of human learning 
— scientific, mechanical, artistic, musical, literary, economic, 
social — while it is also prepared to meet a brisk demand for 
wholesome and entertaining general reading, and it will retain 
the lofty place in public opinion which it has every right and title 
to expect. Whether the ability to meet so just a need is to come 
from increased appropriations or from the benefactions of gen- 
erous citizens makes no difference. In simple statement the 
problem is the need of more money for more and better books, 
because the present energies of the Library cannot be diminished 
or diverted to other ends, however good those ends may be. 

To the Central Library collections the acquisitions of the 
year have been important in the history and activities of the 
European War; Americana, including broadsides and Indian 
dialects; the fine arts, and music. 

The following comment is quoted from the report of the Chief 
of the Ordering Department: 

For the War collection there has been secured a complete file of the clan- 
destinely printed "La Libre Belgique: Bulletin de propagande patriotique," 
(January, 1915, to the Armistice), the elusiveness of whose editors 
proved so discomfiting to the German High Command; and a collection 
of three thousand German posters issued during the occupation of Bel- 
gium, consisting of decrees, proclamations and news from the battle 
fronts, constituting a record of the materials of history at first hand. This 
collection has been still further strengthened by the receipt of three cases 
of material which has been accumulating in Leipzig since 1914. 

For the collection of Broadsides, twenty have been purchased, many 
of them rare and some of especial local interest. They include nine 



[26] 

Massachusetts Thanksgiving Proclamations, 1 766 to 1 782 ; several Con- 
tinental Congress Fast and Thanksgiving Proclamations, 1775—78; An 
Account of the Fire at Harvard College in Cambridge, 1 764 ; and a 
poem, "Liberty, Property, and no Excise," Boston, 1765, relating to 
the hanging in effigy of Andrew Oliver, agent for stamped paper. 

To the collection of Fine Arts have been added eleven large volumes of 
the privately printed catalogues of the exhibitions of the Burlington Fine 
Arts Club of London. The books are handsomely bound and printed 
and comprehensively illustrated with plates, many of which are in color. 
With their reproductions of portraits, mezzo-tint engravings, drawings, 
miniatures, enamels and illuminated manuscripts, accompanied by critical 
and descriptive text, they form valuable works of reference. 

From the Phillipps sale in London was secured a collection of books in 
Indian languages, most of them rare and all of them important, in which 
are represented works in Cherokee, Chinook, Chippewa, Choctaw, Maya, 
Matlazinga, Othomi, Quichua, Seneca, etc. From the same sale came 
an original manuscript by Dr. Marcos Reynel Hernandez treating of the 
use of the various dialects in preaching, with a dedication addressed to 
the Archbishops and Bishops "de el nuevo mundo Americano." Most of 
these books were the original copies used by J. C. Pilling in the preparation 
of his Bibliography of the Indian languages. 

There has been purchased for circulation a duplicate set of The 
Chronicles of America in fifty volumes, published by the Yale University 
Press ; also a collection of modern Spanish books, and one of books relat- 
ing to Ireland. 

NOTEWORTHY ACCESSIONS. 

The following selected items, differing widely in content, but 
as a whole enriching the resources of the institution, are among 
those which have been bought with the income of restricted 
Trust funds: 

Cunningham, William. The cosmographical glasse, conteinyng the pleas- 
ant principles of cosmographic, geographic, hydrographic, or navigation, 
Londini m officina loan Daij. 1559. (Gives a quaint account of 
America.) 

Draghi, G. B. Six select sutes (sic) of lessons for the harpsichord in six 
severall keys. London. 1 700. 

Duerer Society. (Publications.) With introductory notes by Campbell 
Dodgson . . . Series 1-12. (London.) 1898-1911. L. folio. 
A complete set, containing 363 photogravure and other reproductions, 
some in color, of Duerer's work and of his notable contemporaries. 

Eden, Richard, compiler and translator. The decades of the newe worlde 



[27] 

or west India, conteynyng the nauigations and conquestes of the Span- 
yardes. Londini. 1555. 

Ferguson, Rev. T. A complete history of the present Civil War between 
Great Britain and the United Colonies of North Amercia. London. 
1779. 

Galilei, Vincenzo. Fronimo dialogo di Vincentio Galilei, sopra I'arte del 

- bene intavolare, et rettamente sonare la mvsica negli strementi artificiali 

si di corde come di fia-to, & in particulare nel liuto. Venice. 1 684. 

Second and best edition of a work of great importance in the history of 

music. 

Gray, Thomas. Gray's Elegy. Boston. 1912. Plates. One of an 
edition of 469 copies printed for members of the Bibliophile Society. 

H., N. The ladies dictionary. Being a general entertainment for the 
fair-sex. London. 1 694. 

Horatius. Qvinti Horatii Flacci Opera. Londini. Johannes Pine. 
1 733—37. 2 V. Complete edition of the works of Horace, illustrated 
from gems and other antiquities, and the whole work engraved on 
copper plates. A copy of the rare first issue. 

Jackson, Charles James. An illustrated history of English plate, ecclesi- 
astical and secular. London. 1911. 2 v. Plates. 

Jonas, Lucien Hector. L'armee americaine. 1918. Paris. 1919. 1 
original water-color sketch. Set of 68 hand-colored portraits and 
plates. Duplicate set in black and white. 

Journal of the United States Artillery. Vol. 1-35. 1892-1911. 
(Completing the file.) 

Le Roux de Lincy, A. J. V. Researches concerning Jean Grolier, his life 
and his library. Edited by Baron Roger Portalis. Translated and re- 
vised by Carolyn Shipman. Grolier Club. 1907. Plates. 

Lydekker, Richard. Wild life of the world. London. 1919. 3 v. 
Colored plates. 

New England Primer. 1777. The New-England primer improved . . . 
To which is added The assembly of divines, aad Mr. Cotton's Cate- 
chism. Boston. 1777. Portrait of John Hancock. 

Odom, William Macdougal. A history of Italian furniture from the 
fourteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. Garden City. 1918-19. 
2 V. Plates. 

Playford, John, editor. The musical companion, in two books. London. 
1673. 

Royer, Augustin. Cartes du ciel reduites en quatre tables, contenant toMtes 
les constellations . . . corrigees & calculees par longitudes & latitudes, 
pour I'an 1 700. Paris. 1 679. Originally the property of Jean Bap- 
tiste Colbert whose coat of arms and monogram are stamped on the 
binding. 



[28] 

Schefer. Gaston. Moreau le jeune, 1 741-1 81 4. Paris. 1915. Por- 
traits, some colored. Plates. No. 84 of an edition of 200 copies. 

Stevenson, Robert Louis. Poems, hitherto unpublished. With introduc- 
tion and notes by George S. Hellman. Boston. The Bibliophile So- 
ciety. 1916. 2 V. Portraits. Plates. 

Tudor proclamations. Facsimiles of proclamations of Henry VII., Henry 
VIII., Edward VI., and Philip and Mary now in the library of the 
Society of Antiquaries of London. Oxford. 1897. Blackletter. F°. 
One of an edition of 24 copies. 

United States. National War Labor Board. National War Labor Board 
docket.... 1918-1919. Washington. 1919. 5 v. (The only 
complete record of the activities of the National War Labor Board.) 

Van Duzer, Henry Sayre, compiler. A Thackeray library. First editions 
and first publications: portraits, water colors, etchings, drawings, and 
manuscripts, . . . forming a complete Thackeray bibhography. Pri- 
vately printed. 1919. Plates. No. 1 55 of an edition of 1 75 copies. 

Virginia. Legislative journals of the Council of colonial Virginia, 1 680— 
1775. Richmond. 1918-19. 

Wagner, Richard. Tannhauser. Opera en 3 actes et 4 tableaux. Tra- 
duction frangaise de Ch. Nuitter. Cette edition contient les additions 
et les modifications introduites par R. Wagner pour les representations 
a rOpera de Paris 1861. Partition d'orchestre. 

Wilpert, Joseph. Die romischen Mosaiken und Malereien der kirchlichen 
Bauten vom IV. bis XIII. Jahrhundert. Freiburg. 1916. 4 v. 
Colored plates. 

IMPORTANT GIFTS. 

The gifts of the year comprise 1 2,309 volumes, 1 4,91 3 serials, 
52 newspaper subscriptions, 1 47 maps, 306 photographs and 278 
posters. 

The number of givers, 5,587, exceeds that of last year by 
272, the number of volumes by 3,389, the number of serials 
by 3,596. The gifts of interest have been recorded in the issues 
of the Quarterly Bulletin and only the more important are here 
noted : 

Brown, Allen A., Estate of. New England. Second symphony in B 
minor. By Edgar Stillman Kelley. 1919. For the Brown Collec- 
tion of Music. 
Brown, Arthur King. Portraits of musicians. Volume 6, 1919. Com- 
piled by Arthur K. Brown. For the Brown Collection of Music. 
Chandler, Miss Helen E.. Estate of, 200 volumes, miscellaneous works. 



[29] 

including Chambers's Encyclopaedia and a set of the Nature Library in 
1 volumes. 

Cobb, Sylvanus H., Jr., Hyde Park. 1079 volumes, a miscellaneous 
collection and 440 numbers of periodicals. 

Connolly, Rev. Arthur T. Salon. 1880-1908. (29 volumes of the 
Goupil quarto edition.) 

Daughters of the American Revolution. Warren and Prescott Chapter. 
26 volumes relating to the Society, and 39 numbers of the American 
Monthly Magazine. 

Dewey, Davis R. Fifty volumes and 87 numbers of periodicals. (Chiefly 
relating to the George Junior Republic.) 

Ernst, Mrs. C. W. Books, pamphlets and other material relating to 
Postal Service collected by the late Carl W. Ernst, comprising 441 
bound volumes, 91 1 unbound pamphlets, 24 atlases, 65 postal route 
maps, 1 82 sheet maps, 1 4 volumes of manuscripts and scrap-books. 

Gabrilowitsch, Ossip, Seal Harbor, Me. A collection of 77 Russian daily 
newspapers (24 titles) pubhshed in Moscow and Petrograd in 1917 
and 1918. 

George, Mrs. A. J., Brookline. Handbook of the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association, 1914; The Anti-Suffrage Review, Lon- 
don, I 3 volumes ; The Woman's Protest, 1 1 volumes, and a collection 
of clippings on the woman suffrage question. Placed in the Galatea 
Collection. 

Great Britain. Patent Office. Forty-eight volumes of patents for inven- 
tions. 

Gregerson, Miss Elizabeth S., Estate of, through George H. L. Sharp, 
executor. A copy of Hyperion, Boston, 1853, with an autographed 
inscription on the fly-leaf by Henry W. Longfellow, Cambridge, 1853, 
and a daguerreotype of Thackeray. 

Hersey, Miss Heloise E. Fifty-one volumes, including 21 volumes of 
Pinero's dramatic works. 

Higginson, Mrs. Henry L. Sixteen volumes, miscellaneous works. 

Ladd, Mrs. Babson S. Orations and speeches of Edward Everett in four 
volumes, Boston, 1865; a manuscript letter of William Everett; The 
Loeb collection of Arretine pottery, by G. H. Chase; and Exploration 
in the Island of Mochlos, by Richard Seager. 

Norton, Miss Sara. Fifty-seven volumes, chiefly the works of Charles 
Dickens. 

Pearson, Arthur Emmons, West Newton. Biographical history of Massa- 
chusetts, edited by Samuel A. Eliot, volumes 1-10, 1909-1919. 
bound in full morocco. 

Perry, Thomas S. Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated 
Powers and Germany, and Protocol, signed at Versailles, June 28, 



[30] 

1919. Containing four boundary maps. In French and English. 
Folio. 

Preissig, Vojtech. Twelve Czecho-SIovak posters designed by Mr. Preis- 
sig and issued by the School of Printing and Graphic Arts of Went- 
worth Institute. Four of these are proofs, and the gift completes the 
Library set of War posters issued by the Institute, with the exception 
of one number (12) in which the design of No. 1 is repeated. 

Prince, Morton. Ninety-two volumes, including 19 law reports and 46 
French novels and dramas. 

Rice, Mrs. Alexander Hamilton. A catalogue of the books and manu- 
scripts of Harry Elkins Widener, 2 volumes, Philadelphia, 1918; A 
catalogue of the works illustrated by George Cruikshank and Isaac and 
Robert Cruikshank, in the Library of Harry Elkins Widener, Phila- 
delphia, 1918; A catalogue of the writings of Charles Dickens in the 
Library of Harry Elkins Widener, Philadelphia, 1918. Compiled by 
A. S. W. Rosenbach and privately printed. 

Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. A collection of manuscript music com- 
posed by the late John Barnett of Cheltenham, England, consisting of 
operas, songs, masses, cantatas, and chamber music, about 250 pieces 
in all. Included is the original and never produced opera of "Kath- 
leen" ; variants of portions of the opera "The Mountain Sylph"; and 
the score of the opera "Fair Rosamond." The collection augments a 
gift made to the Brown Collection of Music some years ago by the 
family of Mr. Barnett. Mrs. Rogers (Clara Doria) is a daughter of 
Mr. Barnett. 

Ross, Mrs. Waldo O. Fourteen volumes, including Musee frangais ; re- 
cueil des . . . tableaux, statues ... in four foHo volumes, bound in 
full morocco. 

United States. War Department. Historical Branch. Certain divisional 
statistics and brief histories of the several divisions of the United States 
Army. (Records of the organization and activities of each Division 
taking part in the War to the signing of the Armistice; also of those 
Divisions which were not actively formed.) 

THE CATALOGUE AND SHELF DEPARTMENT. 

During the year 1 9 1 9-20, the number of volumes and parts 
of volumes catalogued was 69,568, representing 46,833 titles. 
The usual details for two successive years, presented by the 
Chief of the Catalogue Department, may be found on page 61 
of the Appendix. 

Since the last report, 22 1 ,070 cards have been added to the 
catalogues; 188,494 in the Central Library and 27,211 in 



[311 

the branches. Of the cards filed in the Central Library 56,867 
were filed in the Bates Hall and Issue Department Catalogues; 
56,648 in the Official Catalogues; and 78,344 in the Cata- 
logues of the Special Libraries, and bulletins and lists in process. 
Temporary cards under author and subject, or title, have been 
placed in the Bates Hall Catalogue within a few days after the 
receipt of every new bound book. 

The reprinting of the soiled and torn cards in the Public Cata- 
logues has been continued — an endless task. In spite of all 
the attendants can do to prevent the practice, cards are torn out, 
marked, blotted with ink, handled with moist and dirty hands, 
so that, under a popular author or subject, cards soon become 
dirty, greasy, or mutilated. 

A list of modern Italian works, such as seem likely to be of 
genuine interest to the Italian-speaking and Italian-reading public, 
is rapidly approaching completion and will soon be published. 

A list of works relating to Ireland is also nearly ready for 
the printer. This list gives special emphasis to the political 
history of Ireland from the first Home Rule Bill (1886) to 
date, and to the Irish literary renaissance of the same period. In 
connection with this list, many bibliographies have been con- 
sulted, and the gaps in our collections have been filled, as far 
as it was possible. 

The compilation of the catalogue of English prose fiction in 
Stack 4 has been completed and the catalogue is now being seen 
through the press. 

WORK WITH CHILDREN. 

The Supervisor of Work with Children reviews the growth 
of the work from the beginning, and recalls the fact that inas- 
much as this side of library activity is barely thirty years old, the 
opening of the Central Library building in 1895 afforded to 
Boston the opportunity to be one of the first libraries to make 
special provision for young readers. The Supervisor states: 

It was in May, 1895, that two thousand books were withdrawn from 
the Ejeneral collection and placed on the shelves of the present Children's 
Room, then occupied by the Registration Department. While the first 
impulse to provide an open-shelf room for children undoubtedly sprang 



[32] 

from the Inconvenience caused in the Issue Department, a vision of the 
real relation of a children's room to the main Library was not lacking. 
Even before the present building was opened an annual report of the 
institution mentioned the need of a special reading room for children, 
while co-operation with schools had already been started by sending col- 
lections of books for supplementary reading. The room was equipped at 
first with two of the large oval tables that had been in the old Bates Hall 
on Boylston Street and are still in use in the Children's Room. The 
circulation of books recorded from May, 1895, to February, 1896, was 
28,342. 

A single assistant was assigned to the Children's Room, but within 
a year two others were added, one of whom, Mrs. Gertrude P. Sheffield, 
was in charge of the department. To her is due the estabfishment of the 
work along lines broad enough to set the standard of a frank, unsentimental 
attitude toward children and their books, an attitude somewhat rare in the 
early days of children's rooms in libraries. 

From the first the Children's Room attracted the attention of grown 
visitors as well as children. Travelers from all parts of the United 
States and from many foreign countries, drawn to the Library by its 
service to scholars, or by the fame of its mural paintings, have not failed 
to note the room, which seemed to them unique, and to carry away with 
them definite impressions of a new departure in education. 

Many proofs of the permanency of these impressions are received in the 
form of letters of inquiry about the work with children, requests for lists 
or printed matter, and by references made to the Children's Room in 
books and articles from widely scattered writers. 

Beginning with a single room and two thousand books, the 
work with children has so spread throughout the Library system 
that on October 1, 191 7, the work was re-organized to provide 
for unification and improved administration by the appointment 
of a supervisory head. Today there are thirty-one library cen- 
tres making provision for the youth of the city. In addition, 
class-room book collections have been supplied to 191 schools, 
and to 1 6 other institutions doing work with children, making a 
total of 236 points of distribution from which children have 
drawn library books during the year 1919. 

By far the most important development of the year was the 
admission of children under ten as card holders. Such a change 
has long seemed desirable to many of those who are closely con- 
nected with children and the opportunity presented itself with the 
adoption in August of a new card registration. 



[33] 

As was inevitable, this extension of library privileges greatly 
increased the work of the branch librarians, notably in the con- 
gested parts of the city. Some of their comments are interesting : 

We are very glad of this privilege and find the children ready to avail 
themselves of it to the utmost. 

We did not find the teaching of the third grade children how to use 
the library and the books nearly so hard as we anticipated. 

All enjoy the privilege, while the wear and tear on books is no greater 
than before. 

After being taught the way to obtain books, younger readers are even 
more particular than the older children to observe every rule. 

In this district the children may be said to have twice as much time to 
form the library habit, since as many become readers between the ages of 
seven and eleven as between the ages of ten and fourteen.- At ten years 
the "httle sister" is often housekeeper and nurse, and is earning money at 
home. Her brother is a small merchant, blacking shoes, helping in the 
family store or running errands. 

Difficulties have arisen in a few of the branches and reading 
rooms owing either to a shortage of "easy" books or a force 
insufficient to give proper attention to the younger children. 
Everywhere there has been a marked increase in the circulation 
of books to children. To meet this increased demand a special 
expenditure of five thousand dollars was authorized by the Trus- 
tees, book orders placed in the summer, and at the opening of 
the school year the additional books were on the shelves. Not- 
withstanding this, the need of more books remains great and the 
branch librarians show commendable patience and ingenuity in 
utilizing their limited resources in order that they may reach as 
far as possible. One librarian reports, "We do not have any 
difficulty in attracting children. They come to us in swarms and 
our difficulties lie in lack of sufficient space in our Children's 
Room, and most of all in lack of books, the very thing for which 
children come to the library." 

The report of the Supervisor notes that relations with the 
schools have been actively extended and fruitful of good results. 
In an East Boston school October first was named Library Day, 
and an efFort was made by the teachers to introduce the children 
to the library. Reference work is an important feature in all 
the children's rooms. The Children's Book Week, observed 



[34] 

throughout the country in November, afforded a welcome oppor- 
tunity for emphasizing the importance of a careful selection of 
reading for children. By book exhibits, posters and special 
story hours the Library shared in the movement and beside stimu- 
lating the borrowing of books, encouraged their private owner- 
ship. 

THE CHILDREN'S ROOM AT THE CENTRAL LIBRARY. 

The Central Children's Room has experienced the same great 
increase in book circulation as the Branch libraries. In large 
measure this was due to the lowered age of card holders, with 
the contributory factor of the new high school list of supple- 
mentary reading. 

Direct circulation of books was 76,027. This is an increase 
of 12,024 over that of last year. Circulation of books from 
the Children's Room through the Branch Department was 3,5 1 1 , 
making a total of 79,538. 

For the first time registration was taken in the Perkins and 
Prince Schools by the Children's Librarian and this has brought 
many new readers from the immediate vicinity to an acquaintance 
with the Library. 

The following comment is noted in the report of the Super- 
visor : 

One of the functions of the Central Children's Room is to create a 
centre where the Ejrown visitor may find a representative collection of the 
standard children's books in attractive form. Each year gives evidence 
of the value of this aim to visitors of many minds, who have used the room 
with satisfaction and have expressed appreciation of what it offers to 
parents, teachers, writers, editors, and illustrators. Among them all, the 
visit that stands out and gives the room added lustre was that of the King 
and Queen of the Belgians in October. Her Majesty the Queen, es- 
pecially, in her deep sympathy with every phase of child life, saw the 
significance of the American children's library and carried back with her 
the joint impression given by the beautiful room in New York and our 
own here in Boston. It is permitted to hope that the Children's Room 
may thus play a part in the establishment of similar libraries in the new 
Belgium. 

To supply a constant demand, a list of books for Grades III— VIII 
was prepared in the summer and printed for the opening of the new 
school year in September. This list has had a second printing and has 



[35] 

saved much time in replying to requests from individuals interested in book 
selection for young people. 

In addition to the courses given on Work with Children, the 
Supervisor has addressed the following bodies on subjects con- 
nected with children's reading: New England Association of 
School Libraries, Maine State Library Association, Library In- 
stitute of Winchendon, Maverick Church Mothers' Association, 
Auburndale Mothers' Association, Morgan Memorial teachers, 
Boston Booksellers' Association, English Council of Boston 
Schools. 

All of the Children's Room staff have been enrolled in one or 
another of the courses given at the Library or at Simmons Col- 
lege. 

THE CHILDREN'S STORY-HOUR. 

Extracts follow from the report of Mrs. Mary W. Cronan, 
in charge of story-telling : 

During the past year story-hours were given in seventeen Branch li- 
braries and three Reading Rooms. In the latter we have paid weekly 
visits for twelve weeks, while in a number of the branches these weekly 
story-hours continued from October to June. 

It was not easy to extend the work without weakening groups already 
established. . . . Much thought was given to the present plan before its 
adoption — the need of the district and the interest and attendance deter- 
mining the number of story-hours. We found in some Branch libraries, 
such as Jamaica Plain and Codman Square, that during the winter months 
there was a good attendance, but that in the spring and summer the children 
responded to the out-of-door sports on the nearby playgrounds. In the 
congested districts of the city there was very Httle difference in the attend- 
ance. There the need of the children for steady work seemed to show 
that these libraries form strategic points too important to leave. 

As the story-teller goes on her weekly rounds about the city she is 
enabled to compare the book needs and to report the demands of each 
neighborhood for the story-hour books. And everywhere there is the 
steady call, difficult to satisfy, for the books of standard worth and lasting 
value. That children are getting hearty enjoyment as well as a founda- 
tion for appreciation of good books there can be no doubt. 

It was in South Boston that a boy answered the question, "Why do 
you go to the story-hour?" with the frank statement, "Same reason we 
go to the movies — for fun." Through this pleasure the better books are 
found and read with keen interest, the imagination is stimulated, a moral 
standard established, sympathies deepened, and the sense of humor directed. 



[36] 

We are encouraged by the expression of a boy of Russian parentage. 
Somehow he had missed the notice that the story-hour was reopened. 
After a slight illness he wandered into the library to forget his troubles in 
a book. There he found the children in line for the story-hour. With 
face aglow with pleasure he said, "Wasn't it luckv I had the mumps. I 
might never have found out about the story-hour." 

During the summer the library groups had the privilege of 
making one or more trips to the Museum of Fine Arts for the 
story-hour held there. To many of them it was an event long 
anticipated and thoroughly enjoyed, and productive, it is be- 
lieved, of greater appreciation of the opportunities open to the city 
dweller. At the North End Branch the club work has been 
successfully carried on under the leadership of Miss Cassassa. 
While the Library does not finance these clubs they are closely 
affiliated with it and are directly concerned with the reading 
interests of the girls of the North End. 

TEACHERS' ROOM. 

TTie Teachers' Room has offered readers an opportunity to 
consult the important books on educational subjects without delay 
or formality. It is more frequented, however, by students than 
by teachers. Students from several Kindergarten Training 
Schools, the Normal School, and Boston University, are in closer 
touch with its resources than are many of the teachers of the 
public schools. 

The Supervisor points out the need of more publicity in order 
that the room may become known to teachers, and properly in- 
sists that the knowledge of educational movements and special 
professional training are important qualifications on the part of 
the person assigned to duty in the Teachers' Room. As at 
present administered, the room is in charge of the first assistant 
in the Children's Department who is obliged to spend the major 
portion of her time in work with children. 

BATES HALL. 

The revision of the classified reference collection on open 
shelves has proceeded steadily toward completion. During the 
year 3,536 volumes, comprising 2,649 titles, have been relocated 



[37] 

in the process of the work. Of these, 916 volumes have been 
returned to the stacks as no longer useful in the Hall; 2,620 
volumes have been placed on the shelves, of which 1 ,298 volumes 
have been newly brought from the stacks, and 1 ,331 have been 
given, in the process of re-arrangement, new locations. In the 
development of the work an improved system of records has 
been evolved for keeping a permanent account of the changes 
made in the reference collection. 

The Custodian reports that the number of books missing from 
the Hall has been very large — 256 for the year. This in- 
crease in the missing list, at first sight alarming, is easily explained 
on the basis of two facts: first, the large number of books of 
recent date placed in the Hall ; second, the attempt to establish 
an up-to-date reference collection of books on certain live and 
practical subjects, in which the previous reference collection was 
completely antiquated. When it is realized that for a number 
of years prior to the beginning of the revision now in progress, 
an average of less than one hundred new books were placed 
in the Hall each year, but that during the past two years 2,902 
such books have been put within the unrestricted reach of the 
public — to say nothing of the temptingly practical character of 
many of the volumes ; the wonder is not that so many have been 
taken, but that the losses have not been larger. 

It is a fair question in many cases to ask how far the educative 
value of a book justifies the risk of its loss in the process of intro- 
ducing it to the public. In many instances the value of publicity 
for a book is worth such a risk ; the problem is similar to that of 
the Children's Room, one of education to the reader compared 
with the protection of the book. 

The following from the report of the Custodian is of interest : 

The usual picturesque variety of inquiries has come to the Department 
by mail during the year, from far and near. In all. 41 3 letters have been 
answered; these have come from every State in the Union, vs'ith five ex- 
ceptions; from the Territory of Hawaii and the District of Columbia; 
from four provinces of Canada; and from four other foreign countries. 
The use of the Department by telephone is on the increase; we may look 
forward to the time when this service will be made a special feature of the 
Library's reference work. The year has also seen a larger co-operation 
in reference work between this Library and other libraries of the Boston 



[38] 

district. Hardly a day passes when the Custodian is not called in con- 
sultation by some other library, and his own inquiries at the Harvard 
Library and the State Library are constant. The material collected by 
Mr. Thomas J. Homer for the projected Union List of Periodicals has 
often been of great value; it points the way to all sorts of co-operation 
among the libraries of the district. It is a pleasure to record the generous 
courtesy accorded by other libraries to the many readers who are constantly 
referred to them for material which this Library does not possess ; this inter- 
change of courtesies might be multiplied indefinitely if there were at hand a 
larger amount of information on the resources of the various libraries. 

THE BATES HALL CENTRE DESK, NEWSPAPER AND PATENT 
ROOMS, CENTRAL LIBRARY. 

The Custodian notes a marked increase in the use of Bates 
Hall over last year. The maximum number of readers was 323 
on February 16, at 5 p.m. The general increase in the use 
of non-circulating books, the great reference collection of the 
Library, like the corresponding increase in the home use of 
books, explained by the fact that the war has ended and that 
here is a gradual return to normal social and educational condi- 
tions. In addition to the list of Boston Views, available for 
consultation at the Centre Desk, the Custodian has compiled a 
list of recent Business Books. Because of the many students 
taking business courses in various schools and colleges, the list 
has been of marked use. Since no volume prior to 1 900 is noted, 
the list is practical and up to date. 

Newspaper Room. The Newspaper Room regularly re- 
ceives for filing 283 papers. Of this number 224 are dailies 
and 59 weeklies. The American papers number 198 and the 
foreign 85. In the course of the year 4 papers were added to 
the files and 5 were either consolidated or ceased publication. 
Fifteen newspapers are printed in foreign languages and pub- 
hshed in the United States, the distribution by languages being 
as follows : Armenian, 3 ; French, 1 ; German, 3 ; Greek, 2 ; 
Lettish, 1 ; Spanish, 1 ; Swedish, 2 ; Syrian, 1 ; Welsh, 1 . 

The foreign printed papers represent 36 countries with a total 
of 85 titles. The detailed list is as follows : Argentine Repub- 
lic, 1 ; Australia, 2 ; Austria, 1 ; Belgium, 1 ; Brazil, 1 ; 
Canada, 1 1 ; Cape Colony, 1 ; Chili, 1 ; Cuba, 2 ; Denmark, 



[39] 

2 ; Egypt, 1 ; England, 1 1 ; Czecho-Slovakia, 1 ; France, 5 ; 
Germany, 6; Greece, 1 ; Holland, 1 ; Honduras, 2; Hungary, 
I; India, 2; Ireland, 6; Italy, 3; Jamaica,!; Japan, 1 ; New 
Zealand, 1 ; Newfoundland, 1 ; Norway, 1 ; Panama, 1 ; 
Portugal, 1; Russia, 4; Poland, 1; Scotland, 2; Spain, 1; 
Sweden, 3 ; Switzerland, 3. 

The Library binds for its permanent files 30 papers. The 
Library receives monthly a bound volume of the New York 
Times, Index edition. 

The attendance in the Newspaper Room is always large. 
"The maximum for the year was 211. Readers applying for 
newspapers during 1919 numbered 19,282, an increase of 3,261 
over 1918. These readers used 32,366 bound volumes of news- 
papers, an increase of 4,5 1 volumes over the previous year. 

During the year 1 1 5 volumes were added to the files, making 
a total of 8,427 volumes in this department. 

Patent Room. By the addition of 339 volumes during the 
year the total number of volumes in the Patent Collection has 
been brought to 14,766. The use of this room increases, as will 
be seen from the fact that 17,238 persons consulted 104,157 
volumes, as compared with 1 7,132 persons and 96,996 volumes 
reported last year. These figures do not include a considerable 
unrecorded use of books from the open shelves. 

THE PERIODICAL ROOM, CENTRAL LIBRARY. 

The number of readers in the Periodical Room, Central Li- 
brary, at certain hours, as totalized in each of two successive 
years, is shown in the following table. 

10 12 2 4 6 8 10 

A.M. M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. 

1918-19 . . 7,264 10,342 18,547 23,201 16,173 19.236 6,072 
1919-20 . . 11,340 13,467 21,761 27,934 19,572 23,821 9,347 

TTie use of bound files was as follows : 

Bound volumes consulted during the year: 1918-19. 1919-20. 

In the day time (week-days) ...... 26,360 32,273 

In the evening and on Sunday ...... 10,841 13,207 

The use of unbound files was as follows: 

Unbound volumes consulted: 

In the day time (week days) 29,463 37,124 

In the evening and on Sunday 11,167 18,936 

4 



[40] 

The increase in the number of readers and the use of magazines 
indicates the return in this department as in other departments 
to normal pre-war conditions. 

Current periodicals, exclusive of those issued by the State and 
Federal Governments, regularly filed for readers are distributed 
as follows : 

Periodical Deparlmenl . ... . . . . . . . 1,298 

Fine Arts Deparlmenf and Music Room ....... 144 

Statistical Department ........... 57 

Teachers' Reference and Children's Room ....... 50 

Ordering Department ........... 27 

Total 1.576 

THE SPECIAL LIBRARIES. 

TTie entire third floor of the Central Building is devoted to 
the following divisions comprising the Special Libraries: Fine 
Arts and Technical Arts; The Allen A. Brown Music Room; 
the Barton and Ticknor Libraries; and the various special col- 
lections of rare and valuable books in the alcoves opening from 
the Barton-Ticknor Room. 

FINE ARTS DEPARTMENT. 

During the year 22,783 volumes have been circulated for 
home use (included in the statistics of circulation, page 58 of 
the Appendix) as compared with 1 9,3 1 for the previous year. 
Tables continue to be reserved for classes from the art schools, 
and there is regular use of the West Gallery, especially in the 
evening, for conferences with instructors in several of the Exten- 
sion Courses. In the department there are now 7,950 lantern 
slides, of which 224 were added during the year. Slides to the 
number of 3,341 were loaned for use in the Boston schools and 
for free lectures given elsewhere in Boston. The circulation of 
pictures sent out in portfolios in response to requests from schools, 
study-clubs and classes numbered 1 ,854. There are now avail- 
able in this department 55,554 pictures, 2,103 of which were 
added to the collection during the past twelve months. During 
the year several thousand illustrations of Architecture have been 
made available, either in the form of scrap-books or of loose 



[41] 

plates in portfolios, classified according to type of building and 
placed on open shelves in the reference alcove of Architecture. 

An open alcove has been designated for Industrial and Tech- 
nical books, in which may be found some 1 ,000 volumes, form- 
ing a combined reference and circulation collection of the newer 
working books which serves as a "first-aid" in most of the tech- 
nical subjects. The arrangement has been much appreciated by 
students, has materially increased the circulation, and has saved 
the time of the staff for other work. The entire collection of 
bound periodicals used in connection with the Fine Arts and 
Technology has been re-arranged — the frequently used sets 
placed so as to admit of direct consultation and the less used sets 
made into a "reserve collection," temporarily shelved in the An- 
nex. A similar reserve section of the older books has been made 
which facilitates the work of handling the more "active" ones. 

ALLEN A. BROWN MUSIC ROOM. 

During the year 14,312 volumes were issued to readers for 
use at tables and 5,048 volumes were issued for home use. The 
number of pieces added to the collection was 680. Among 
the important accessions were the orchestral score of the Paris 
version of Wagner's Tannhauser, a rare score not printed for 
public sale; Fronimo dialogo, by Vincenzo Galilei; Sound 
Anatomiz'd, by William Turner; some thirty song collections, 
with and without music, English, Irish and American of the 
late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries; about three hun- 
dred pieces of music inspired by the World War; and some 
two hundred manuscript compositions of John Barnett, a gift of 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. Rogers. 

STATISTICAL DEPARTMENT. 

The Department now comprises 21,661 volumes in its own 
room, while in addition it has some 30,000 volumes of govern- 
ment documents in the Stack 4 Annex and is called upon to make 
useful to the public some 4,000 volumes situated in various 
stacks — volumes documentary, statistical, and economic. 

The receipts by gift to the American Statistical Association, 
in exchange for its Quarterly Publications amount to 197 vol- 



[42] 

umes, beside 349 separate parts eventually to be made up into 
volumes. 

During the year about 3,300 volumes have been sent to Bates 
Hall and other parts of the building for "Hall use," while prob- 
ably 1 0,000 volumes have been used in the Department. Many 
of the volumes sent to Bates Hall have been there issued for 
"home use," and for this use the Department has directly and 
through the Branch Department issued about 2,500 volumes. 

Mr. Horace L. Wheeler, in charge of the Statistical Depart- 
ment, writes as follows: 

It is interesting to consider briefly the growth of the Department during 
the 22 years of its existence. The first gifts from the Statistical Associa- 
tion bear the accession date of June 1 6, 1 898. The Chief of the 
Department reported in 1 899 that it numbered 343 volumes. Two 
years later it contained 6,049 volumes, the increase being made up of 
gifts through the American Statistical Association, purchases, and trans- 
fers from the Library stacks. "It is easily to be seen," says the report 
of 1901, "that the collections [here] must soon form an important part 
of the general Library," these collections consisting largely of "issues of 
official statistical bureaus in the United States and foreign countries." 
The early intention seems to have been "to collect in one place, and 
classify by subject the works included in the large class described generally 
as 'sociological.' " Later the field covered was in fact restricted to the 
economic side of sociology. 

In the 1901 report the Department is described as "to a degree an 
independent branch [of the Library] in that it performs all the steps 
involved in obtaining, shelving and circulating a book. ... It pre- 
pares the card of accession, numbers the volumes according to the shelf 
scheme . . . , makes the entry on the shelf list, and on the final return 
from the Bindery or Shelf Department, takes charge of the circulation and 
use," — and this varied work it has continued to do ever since. 

By 1 903 the number of volumes had grown to 1 0,000 — somewhat 
less than half its present size. 

Among the important accessions of the year may be mentioned Kelly's 
Tariffs of the World, the completed Census of Massachusetts (1915), 
the United States Census Bureau's two large volumes on Manufactures 
(1914), its two volumes of statistics on Religious Bodies (1916), one 
on Marriage and Divorce (1916), and one on Birth Statistics (1915). 

The Department is much used by students of such institutions as the 
Burdett Business College, Simmons and Radcliffe Colleges, and the 
Business Schools of Harvard and Boston Universities. It is the day of 
the school for the study of business, and no school of the kind has or is 
soon likely to acquire an economic library equal to ours. There are many 



[43] 

economic investigators of maturer years. Special interest is shown at 
present in researches into prices of commodities and industrial securities. 

An almost infinite variety of questions arise upon which information is 
sought. "It is out of the question," wrote the first Chief of the Depart- 
ment, "to be able to answer every inquiry at once, a faculty that seems 
to be expected by many. . . .1 No very long experience ... is needed 
to develop the fact that some attention ought to be paid to teaching the 
art of framing intelligent or practicable questions," so that these should 
not be so often be about matters "beyond the proper province of statistical 
methods or available information." The variety and difficulty of ques- 
tions in those days were probably not as great as they are now. 

REGISTRATION DEPARTMENT. 

On January 31 , 1920, there were outstanding 102,391 "Live 
cards," a gain of 7,734 over the year 1918—19. 

On August 1 st, 1919, the Registration Department had on 
file over one-half million registration records, representing an ac- 
cumulation covering a twenty-year period. Through lack of 
space and proper filing facilities a new registration was begun 
on the above date thereby affording the opportunity of eliminat- 
ing a vast number of "dead records," and of lowering the age 
limit of borrowers so as to include children in the third grade, 
though they were not ten years of age. Six months of this new 
registration and re-registration present the following interesting 
facts: through the Central Library and its thirty dependencies 
32,880 cards have been issued; of this number 3,637 are non- 
resident cards, representing, with the exception of Arizona and 
Nevada, every State and Territory of the United States, and 
almost every large country in the world. This non-resident regis- 
tration is almost entirely drawn from the student body enrolled 
in the various educational institutions of Boston. 

Mr. John J. Keenan resigned his position as Chief of the 
Registration Department on January 1 , 1 920, after a continuous 
service of thirty-four years and six months. Mr. Keenan entered 
the service on July 2, 1 885, serving first as page to the Librarian, 
then as clerk in the Executive Office, and in August, 1894, was 
appointed Registration Clerk. With the growth of the various 
Library agencies, and through the initiative of Mr. Keenan and 
the improvements suggested by him, the Registration Division 



[44] 

grew in importance until it was created a special department with 
its chief and five assistants. Its development is due to the de- 
voted attention of Mr. Keenan to his work, to his aptitude for 
statistics, and to his methodical ways in the execution of the 
exacting details necessary for its satisfactory conduct. Miss A. 
Frances Rogers, for over eight years First Assistent, is at present, 
by vote of the Board of Trustees, Acting Chief of the Depart- 
ment. 

SUPERVISOR OF CIRCULATION. 

On June 19, 1919, Miss Edith Guerrier, on leave of absence 
in war service at Washington since September, 1917, was ap- 
pointed Supervisor of Circulation to take effect on the first of 
September. This position, broadly interpreted, offers the op- 
portunity, in ways of almost infinite variety, of bringing together 
the book and the reader. As a foundation for the work, a 
study has been made of the methods employed in the various 
departments of the Library with a view to a closer co-ordination 
of the work of the segregated units of the system. In conference 
with chiefs of departments, preliminary examination has been 
made of the more important divisions and minor changes of 
method worked out. Such changes were carefully built upon 
the foundations already in existence and special care was taken 
not to disrupt any process already in operation. Stress has been 
placed on the elimination of unnecessary details and waste of 
effort. Provision also has been made for the development, with 
due consideration of time, money and effort, of any good idea 
originating in a department. 

The type of questions to the solution of which the Supervisor 
has given her attention may be illustrated by the following prob- 
lems which have presented themselves, among others, in the 
Branch system of the Library : 

Systematic forwarding of book-order cards in order to avoid 
congestion at any point. 

A plan whereby the Branch librarians may become better ac- 
quainted with the resources of the Central Library. 

Development of a simple card system of accessioning and shelf 
listing. 



[45] 

An arrangement permitting Branch librarians to control their 
own book collections through direct ordering. 

An allotment to each branch of a separate book-budget on 
the basis of direct home-use circulation. 

The introduction of a simpler method of keeping bindery 
records. 

A systematic and continuous campaign through the schools for 
better care of books. 

A monthly instead of weekly ordering of supplies with less 
complicated records. 

The maintenance of an up-to-date survey of the district cov- 
ered by a Branch. 

A NEW LIBRARY SERVICE. 

An immediate outcome of the experience gained by the Super- 
visor of Circulation while associated with the Government de- 
partments and bureaus at Washington has been the establishment 
of a current Federal Document Information Service, located on 
the ground floor in the third room to the right of the main stair- 
case of the Central Library. In this experiment the Library 
has had the active and cordial support, here gratefully acknowl- 
edged, of the officials connected with the many and varied offices 
in Washington from which emanate the constant flood of printed 
material of value to the American citizen. In this room, con- 
veniently arranged and easy of access, may be found the Federal 
publications and periodicals, hundreds in number, forwarded 
from Washington on the date of their publication. These Gov- 
ernment documents contain readable information on every con- 
ceivable subject; they are of interest to the scientist, the teacher, 
the business man, the housewife, and the workman. Just so far 
as they are available, they place the people in touch with their 
Government. 

In order that the new service might become known, especially 
among the members of the Library staff, the first issue of a four- 
page monthly bulletin entitled "News Notes on Government 
Publications" appeared on December 15, 1919. The wide- 
spread interest in this up-to-the-minute document service has been 



[46] 

evinced by the numerous requests for the Bulletin that have come 
from all parts of the country. 

TTie service, in limited quarters and without trained assistants 
in regular attendance, has a promising outlook; its use has 
steadily increased ; it has appealed to the users as sane, practical, 
necessary. The "try out" strengthens the recommendation of 
the American Library Association that similar service be pro- 
vided to meet the particular needs of all the libraries of the 
country by means of a national library clearing house operatmg 
through the United States Bureau of Education. 

Hie Librarian has received the following letter from His 
Excellency the Governor of the Commonwealth in reference to 
this new service : 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
Executive Department, 

State House, Boston. 

1st December, 1919. 
Mr. Charles F. D. Belden, 
Public Library, 
Boston, Mass. 

Dear Mr. Belden: 

You are to be most heartily congratulated upon the public spirited 
action you have taken in preparing for an up to date Government News 
Service in the Boston Public Library. It is to be sincerely hoped that 
Congress can at an early date pass the measure empowering the Interior 
Department, through the Bureau of Education, to establish an office which 
will make it possible to open this Service to the public. 

The stability of our Government depends on the loyalty of the citizens 
of the United States who are — in the final analysis — the Government. 
Nothing will ensure that loyalty more effectively than a knowledge of the 
functions and actions of that Government which libraries above all institu- 
tions are qualified to make clear to the people. 

Very truly yours, 

Calvin Coolidge. 

BRANCHES AND READING ROOMS. 

The number of branches is 1 6, compared with 1 4 a year ago. 
The number of reading-rooms is 14, as against 16 a year ago. 
The subsidiary agencies include 59 engine houses, 37 institutions. 



[47] 

and 191 schools, of which 16 are parochial schools. The total 
number of agencies therefore is 317, an increase of 9 over last 
year. 

The number of volumes issued on borrowers' cards from the 
Public Library through the Branch Department was 96,000 as 
against 82,248 in 1918 — the largest number ever issued in one 
year. Unfortunately, however, 95,596 requests for books were 
returned to the Branches and Reading Rooms unfilled. The 
only remedy for such a condition, as has been previously noted, 
is a greater number of copies of the volumes most in demand. 

Fourteen of the Branches and eleven of the Reading Rooms 
gained in the issue of books from the Central Library. Two 
show gains of over 100 per cent. The following passage is 
quoted from one of the annual reports of a branch librarian : 

The increase over last year in the number of cards sent was 5 1 per cent 
and it was surprising to find that the percentage of unsuccessful cards 
increased only 6 per cent. This certainly proves that careful attention is 
given to every application. The resp>onse to requests for material on special 
subjects has also been very satisfactory. 

There have been sent out on deposit from the Central Library 
43,012 volumes, compared with 38,275 in 1918, and 42,282 
volumes in 1917. Unbound discarded periodicals to the approx- 
imate number of 26,000 have been sent to the Penal Institutions 
Department, the Children's Institutions Department (Suffolk 
School for Boys), the Infirmary Department, the Charles Street 
Jail, the State Prison (Charlestown), the Prison Camp and 
Hospital (Rutland), the Psycopathic Department of the Boston 
State Hospital, the Catholic Sailors' Club (Charlestown), and 
the Boston Seamen's Friend Society. 

A satisfactory increase in the work with schools is shown by 
the fact that 45,343 volumes were sent to schools this year as 
against 33,060 in 1918, and 37,907 in 191 7. It is gratifying 
to know that the constant effort on the part of the branch libra- 
rians to secure the interest of the teachers and to meet their wants 
produces, from year to year, enlarged results. 

The total circulation of the branch system is 1,992,987 vol- 
umes, as against 1,755,100 volumes last year, and 1,809,615 
volumes in 1917. This increase of more than 237,000 volumes 



[48] 

over last year, and more than 1 83,000 volumes over 1 9 1 7, is most 
encouraging but one to be expected of a gradual return to normal 
conditions after war, a violent epidemic and a shortage of coal. 

The number of volumes of new books bought for the branches 
is 7,434 volumes as against 6,497 in 1918. There have been 
replacements to the number of 9,606 volumes as against 9,931 
in 1918. The additions to the permanent collections of the 
reading rooms are 8,388, as against 6,749 in 1918. 

The following quotations made from the annual reports of 
the librarians of the branches and reading rooms will be found of 
interest : 

In the past year there was a return to a more normal attitude of mind 
on the part of the public. With the anxiety and depression of the war 
removed, the people naturally returned to their pre-war interests, though 
affected in some degree by the great upheaval. We see this condition of 
mind in their reading and in the requests sent to the Central Library. The 
books on the war itself are called for very little, but those on the subjects 
that grew, as it were, out of the war, the war verse, books on France, 
biography and psychic phenomena, are in fair demand. 

Practically all of the Yiddish and Italian books that are issued at the 
Branch are called for by the children who ask for good books for their 
parents. The new Yiddish books added last spring were advertised in 
the Children's Room by a sign on the issue desk reading as follows: 
"Ask for a hew Yiddish book for your father or mother." 

The number of pictures issued from the branches, chiefly to 
schools, is 45,840, as against 32,129 the year before. This 
issue of pictures continues to be a very important part of the work 
of the branches with the schools. As was said in a previous 
report, it produces much greater results for the money expended 
than any other phase of the branch activities. One of the an- 
nual reports states: 

The picture circulation increased 40 per cent this year and would have 
been larger if there had been time to visit the teachers more frequently. A 
total of 4,128 were lent, against 2,750 in 1918. We mounted 102 
plates cut from periodicals, the subjects including pictures of children, in- 
dustries, plants, birds and customs and costumes in foreign countries. The 
teachers ask for pictures showing transportation, products of sections of the 
country, and its industries. The Branch collection is inadequate, but 
the Central Library is called on to fill the requests; last year it lent 1 ,474 
plates to meet 103 requests. 



[491 

In their reports the branch and reading room librarians are 
enthusiastic over their relations with the public, reference work, 
and citizenship. Their spirit may be sensed in the passages 
which follow : 

The district has been changing for the last few years. Formerly, there 
were principally single houses and large estates. Most of these have been 
turned into apartment blocks, housing many families, many of them foreign 
born or of foreign born parents. Their occupants value the public library 
and its educational advantages. Some of the older residents still remain 
so that we have all kinds of readers represented among our borrowers — 
the fiction reader, the reader who enjoys serious books on the various move- 
ments of the time, the student with requests on all subjects, the mechanic 
who calls for technical books, and the business man, with calls for books on 
business administration, economics, and books on special lines, such as sales- 
manship, advertising, office practice, etc. Among the borrowers are men 
and women from the professions, the mothers and homemakers and the 
children in large numbers, all with their particular needs. It may be truly 
said this branch has a fairly representative patronage of the people in the 
district. 

By gradual instruction, many of the children are now able to assist 
themselves in the use of reference books, although it is often a difficult 
matter, as was the case last year, to produce a sufficient number, particu- 
larly when one or more classes are seeking information on the same sub- 
ject. Since the establishment of the Junior High School we have had 
an increased number of requests for High School subjects which we fre- 
quently were able to satisfy by the material in our periodicals. The fol- 
lowing are representative subjects: — Customs of Spain, Boston, Statue of 
Liberty, Tower of London, Barometers, Pequot War, Conan Doyle, 
Reservoirs, Assuan Dam, English Prisons, Manufacture of Soap, Theo- 
dore Roosevelt, Colonial Schools, Mother Goose, WiHiam Lloyd Garrison, 
How Colonies are ruled, the Mayors of Boston, Pilgrims, Agricultural 
Machinery, Paleolithic Age, Thirty Years' War, Pottery, Porfirio Diaz, 
" Neolithic Age, Wearing Apparel, Tennyson, Esquimaux, Specialty Shops 
in Boston, Americanization, Daniel Pring, Ether, Clemenceau, Early 
Theatres, Sir Walter Scott, New York City, and President Wilson. 

Although all the sailors stationed in this district during the war, whom 
we served with books, have left the district, we are now supplying workers 
in the still active neighboring shipbuilding plants with helpful books. 

Along this same line many books are called for by men who own their 
own pleasure boats and who wish to learn how to repair them, particularly 
their engines, or who are anxious to study the mechanics of their crafts. 



150] 

The Italians form the biggest proportion of our foreign population. . . . 
We get the men during the period when they are studying to obtain citi- 
zenship; procure them books in easy English and Civics for foreigners; 
but after achieving the goal of citizenship, we lose them. The children, 
however, do not differ from other children in seeking to avail themselves 
of the library privilege. They appear eager, in fact, to present themselves 
as applicants for cards long before the required age. 

The Branch is the only public library in a district with a population of 
39,000. There are some foreigners here, Hebrews, Armenians, Italians 
and Poles, but few who do not read and speak English. We have no need 
of books in the foreign languages, as the Central Library supplies by de- 
p>osits any requests we have for them. The Superintendent of the Bunker 
Hill Boys' Club made an interesting study of the boys last year and found 
that among the parents, 20 different nationalities were represented, yet the 
boys were 7 1 per cent native born of native born parents. 

When the World War came to a close and the period of Reconstruction 
began, the Library became the nucleus from which emanated information 
which makes for good citizenship. Everywhere the work of Americaniza- 
tion became the need of the hour. 

In regard to all-foreign elements the most helpful aid we had this past 
year in deaHng with this problem was the library publication, "Brief Read- 
ing List No. 12 on Americanization." We noticed that the ItaHans 
and Dutch were particularly interested in this pamphlet. 

Our constituency is made up of the descendants of the first settlers, 
Jews, ItaHans, Irish, Canadians, Scandinavians, and Portuguese, there- 
fore, the opportunity in Americanization is great. Books on citizenship 
which have been selected and put in a conspicuous place have been, for 
the most part, introduced into the homes of our future citizens by their 
children. Many ask for books to teach their parents how to read. 
Oftentimes we do not know the results of our work along this line, but 
recently a former resident of the district met one of our assistants on a car 
and expressed her gratitude for the friendliness shown her and the assistance 
given her when she came from Sweden and could speak little English. 

Last spring a new club was formed in the district, made up of social 
and Red Cross workers and district nurses. Since a librarian is con- 
sidered a social worker I was invited to join. The object of the club 
is to bring these workers together and to acquaint them with what is going 
in the district. Two weeks ago she brought one of her classes of Lithu- 
anian women to the Library. They were made welcome and were shown 



[51] 

the branch books in their own language and also those borrowed from the 
Central Library for the occasion. 

Of late, since emphasis has been placed on the Americanization move- 
ment, we have had many more people seeking help. One woman, born in 
Russia and living in this country for twenty-five years sought help of the 
Librarian. She said she had never learned to read or write and spoke 
very broken English; that she felt ashamed, but had never had the time 
before. Now that her family had grown up, she was determined to learn 
English. A teacher, who devotes her time to teaching foreigners, was 
recommended to her and after she had taken a lesson or two, she came 
back to thank the librarian, signed for a card, and took out books to help 
her in her work. 

More frequently it is the men: who come asking for books on civics 
and history to help them in getting out their naturalization papers. 

During the year a collection of books on "Americanization" was placed 
on some easily accessible shelves and has been used constantly by teachers 
in the evening schools, by settlement workers engaged with classes of foreign 
women, and occasionally by men who are qualifying for citizenship. 

During the service of the State Guard, following the Police 
Strike, the branches were of aid to its members in collecting and 
furnishing books and periodicals and in sending deposits of li- 
brary books, thus supplementing the prompt and excellent service 
of the American Library Association. The lecture room of the 
Jamaica Plain Branch was used as a dining hall by the members 
of the State Guard when they were quartered in Curtis Hall. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

During the year the following publications have been issued 
from the Printing Department under the general supervision of 
the Editor of Publications : 

Quarterly^ Bulletin, 4th Series, Vol. I, Nos. 1—4, inclusive, 
in March, June, September, and December, 1919. These four 
numbers comprise 4 1 4 pages as against 432 pages in 1918, and 
were published in editions of 2,000 copies each, plus 75 copies 
on durable paper. 

With this new series the Bulletin makes a radical departure. 
In a measure it returns to features introduced years ago but later 



[52] 

abandoned. Now, for the first time, it furnishes material relat- 
ing to the Library, not purely bibliographical, but in the nature 
of news and of information about the institution itself, its work- 
ings, and its opportunities for a larger and freer use by the public. 

During the year reprints were given in part of a series of views 
of old Tremont Street, first printed in the Bulletin for October, 
1894 (Vol. 13, No. 3). When the series is finished other plates 
of early Boston views will be printed from previous Bulletins and 
other sources. 

Facsimiles of several manuscripts and broadsides, with de- 
scriptive text, were also issued as follows: Petition of Poor 
Prisoners in Boston Jail, 1713 (MS.), and James Russell 
Lowell's poem The Miner (MS.) in March Bulletin; Gover- 
nor Bradford's Letter to Governor Winthrop, 1 63 1 , on the 
coming and going of indentured servants between the Massachu- 
setts Bay and Plymouth Colonies (MS. signed by William 
Bradford, Miles Standish, Thomas Prence, Samuel Fuller, and 
John Alden), in June Bulletin; Burning of Harvard College 
Library in 1 764 (Broadside) , in September Bulletin ; the Medal 
given by Congress to General Washington on the occasion of 
the Evacuation of Boston, March 1 7, 1 776 (reproduction of 
both sides of medal in original size), and Liberty Tree poem, 
1765 (Broadside), in December Bulletin. 

A wholly new feature in the Bulletin consists of what may 
be called Editorials, prefacing all other matter, and relating 
to the Library and its various activities. The March number 
has a short article on "Changes in the Bulletin;" the June num- 
ber, an account, with two illustrations, of the gift from Boston, 
Lincolnshire, of part of the railing in the Guildhall of that place, 
before which, in 1 607, stood some of the Pilgrim Fathers on trial ; 
the September number, a Brief Sketch of the Boston Public Li- 
brary, first period to the removal to Copley Square ; the Decem- 
ber number. How to Find and Procure a Book, with illustrations. 

The lists of new books at the Central Library, the Music 
Room, the Children's Room, and the Branches are given as 
heretofore, but all public documents are put in a separate divi- 
sion. A list of the more important gifts and givers is now 
printed each quarter. As in previous years there are given in 



[53] 

the September issue (condensed in the December issue), pro- 
grammes of the Exhibitions at the Central Library, Branches 
and Reading Rooms ; the Free Pubhc Lectures and the Ruskin 
Club Lectures at the Central Library, and of the Lowell Institute 
Courses, as well as of the Public Educational Courses (including 
the University Extension Courses, also those in Boston Uni- 
versity, Department of University Extension of the Board of 
Education of Massachusetts, Northeastern College, Simmons 
College, Trade Union College, and the Young Men's Catholic 
Association). These various announcements were also printed 
in a separate edition and given free on request. 

No charge is made for the Quarterly Bulletin, which may be 
obtained at the Central Library and all Branches and Reading 
Rooms; copies will be sent by mail for a year to any address 
on receipt of twenty-five cents for postage. The aim of the nev/ 
Bulletin is to preserve the merits of the older form, but to relieve 
it of its former aridity by the introduction of matter which may 
interest the constituency of the Library by furnishing them with 
helpful information, and by opening to the public certain posses- 
sions of the institution which in their original form cannot be freely 
handled. 

WeeJ^ly Lists. Fifty-two numbers have been issued from 
January 18, 1919, to January 17, 1920 (Nos. 561-613), 
containing 244 pages, in editions of 2,500 copies each. 

Brief Reading Lists, edited and prepared for the press by 
Mr. Taylor under the supervision of Mr. Chevalier, were issued 
as follows: 

No. 9. Occupations (2 editions). June, 1919. 

No. 1 0. Fiction in Spanish which may be taken for home use. Sep- 
tember, 1919. 
No. 1 1 . Rehabilitation and Employment of Returned Soldiers. March, 

1919. 
No. 12. Americanization. May, 1919. 

No. 1 3. Industrial problems, chiefly American. December, 1919. 
Also new editions of the League of Nations (No. 7). 

During the year there were also published two issues each of 
a Graded List of Children's Reading, of a Condensed Guide to 
the Library, and of the Annual Report for 1918-19; and one 



[54] 

issue each of How to Find and Procure a Book; Rules and 
Regulations; a Bulletin on the Government Resources of the 
Library ; and a handsome reprint in quarto of the account of the 
Gift from Old Boston in the Bulletin for June, now entitled "A 
Memorial of the Pilgrims." 

But by far the most important publication of the Library in 
several years is "A Catalogue of the Allen A. Brown Collection 
of Books Relating to the Stage," a handsome large octavo of 
960 pages. This collection of about 3,500 volumes, to which 
have been added the titles of books in the general library relating 
to the history of the stage, is the complement of the still larger 
gift of 5,500 volumes of and relating to music made in 1894 by 
Mr. Allen A. Brown, to which, up to his death in 1 91 6, he con- 
tinually added until it reached an enumeration of more than 
1 1 ,000 — both gifts forming a great monument to a most gen- 
erous and devoted benefactor. Not only does the catalogue 
include works on the stage, the drama and the theatre, but it 
contains "biographies of actors, criticisms of plays, a large mass 
of American and foreign play bills, including those of the earliest 
Boston theatres, files of rare dramatic periodicals, autograph let- 
ters of actors, photographic and other portraits, and a great 
collection of newspaper and magazine clippings on theatrical 
affairs, obituaries of actors, etc., arranged in scrap-books, and 
fully indexed." No plays whatever are included in the Cata- 
logue. Some idea of the well-rounded strength of the collection 
in its own field may be gained by a glance at the titles under 
the heading Elizabethan Theatre. 

The books of this collection were catalogued by Mr. George 
L. Hinckley, now Librarian of the Redwood Library of New- 
port, and the Catalogue was prepared for and put through the 
press by Miss Rollins of the Catalogue Department. 

LECTURES AND EXHIBITIONS. 

The Lecture Hall as a necessary adjunct of Public Library 
work is becoming year after year more justified. During the 
past season it has frequently been used for three different meetings 
on one day and for several weeks the hall was used every after- 
noon and evening. 



[55] 

The University Extension Course in English Composition was 
held as in former years; the use of the hall by the Massachusetts 
Board of Education was extended to three evenings a week in 
which were given an Automobile Course and classes in con- 
versational French and Spanish. The New England Associa- 
tion of Teachers of English, the Froebel Club, the Boston 
Teachers' Club and other Teachers' Clubs held several meetings. 
Training classes of Song Leaders were held during the autumn ; 
meetings were also held by the American Bar Association, the 
Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association, the New England 
Home Economic Association, the Professional Women's Club, 
and other organizations. 

Hie Library course of free lectures given during the season 
and the lectures given under the auspices of various civic bodies, 
may be found at page 63 of the Appendix. 

The publication of a program of exhibitions throughout the 
Library system was resumed in the October Bulletin. The ex- 
hibitions held in the Central Library serve principally to illus- 
trate the weekly lectures and to direct attention to events of 
public interest. Among the latter were exhibitions of books, 
manuscripts and pictures in celebration of the anniversary of the 
birth of James Russell Lowell and that of Julia Ward Howe. 
The list of exhibitions held in the Central Library, January, 
1919, through April, 1920, may be found at page 65 of the 
Appendix. 

THE BINDERY AND PRINTING DEPARTMENTS. 

TTie usual statistics furnished by the Chiefs of the Bindery 
and Printing Department, may be found on page 67 of the 
Appendix. 

In the Bindery, 36,894 volumes of all kinds have been bound, 
compared with 35,554 during the previous year. In the mis- 
cellaneous work is included the folding, stitching and trimming 
of Library publications to the number of 1 78,332 pieces, com- 
pared with I 7 1 , 1 86 of last year. Other items include the 
mounting of maps and photographs, the making of portfolios, 
pamphlet boxes, book guards and covers, pads and blocks, slide 



[56] 

cases, holders, etc. The cost per volume for all classes of work 
has been $ 1 . 1 as against $ 1 .00 in 1918, and 73 cents in 1917. 

REPAIRS AND CHANGES. 

Following the recommendations made in October, 1918, by 
Mr. Thomas A. Fox, of Fox & Gale, architects, extensive and 
thorough repairs have been made on the roofs and flashings of 
the Arcade; the outside granite platforms have been repaired 
and repointed ; and the marble floors are gradually being brought 
into a state of repair. 

The usual repairs anticipated each year have been made on 
the roof and gutters of the Central building, while unexpected 
repairs have been found necessary on the roof of the adjoining 
Annex. 

Only minor repairs and improvements have been undertaken in 
the Branches and Reading Rooms. There have been as usual 
the necessary repairs to boilers, roofs, and plumbing; also some 
painting and whitening. Electric lights have been installed by 
the landlords at the Roxbury and Warren Street Branches, and 
at the Boylston Station Reading Room. Telephones have been 
placed in the Roslindale and Warren Street Branches. 

The removal last year of the Branch Department to the new 
Annex gave the longed-for opportunity to provide in its old 
quarters a suitable and attractive general staff-room, a lunch- 
room and locker-room for men and boys, and in the basement, a 
smoking and card-room for men. A re-location of lockers on 
the mezzanine floor has made sufficient space for a satisfactory 
staff lecture-room with seating capacity of sixty, which can be 
further enlarged when it is necessary. 

CONCLUSION. 

With deep regret is noted the deaths of three employees, each 
a faithful public servant during a long term of years: on April 
1 , 1919, Otto A. Heimann of the Branch Department, in service 
since 1890; on April 49, 1919, Idalene L. Sampson, Assistant 
at the Codman Square Branch, in service since 1878; on July 
27, 1919, Edwin F. Rice of the Catalogue Department, in ser- 
vice since 1 885 . 



[57] 

The Librarian has pleasure in the opportunity to acknowledge 
the continued efficient assistance rendered by Mr. Otto Fleisch- 
ner, Assistant Librarian, the Chiefs of Departments, the Libra- 
rians of the Branches and Reading Rooms, and the members 
of the staff throughout the Library system. Each and every one 
through interest and faithfulness has contributed his or her part 
to the effective operation of the Public Library of the City of 
Boston. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Charles F. D. Belden, 

Librarian. 



APPENDIX. 



USE OF BOOKS. 
CIRCULATION FROM CENTRAL BY MONTHS. 





HOME USE 
DIRECT. 


HOME USE 

THROUGH 

BRANCH DEPT. 


SCHOOLS AND 
INSTITUTIONS 

THROUGH 
BRANCH DEPT. 


TOTALS. 


February, 1919 . 


31,425 


11,224 


10,264 


52,913 


March, " . 


27,560 


9,855 


12,009 


49,424 


April, " . 


29,886 


9,644 


12,163 


51,693 


May, " . 


23,783 


7,034 


12,084 


42,901 


June, " . 


22,084 


5.875 


1 1 ,683 


39,642 


July. ;; . 


1 7,288 


4,597 


2,501 


24,386 


August, 


18,030 


4,523 


2,143 


24,696 


September, 


17,518 


4,200 


1,872 


23,590 


October, 


24,583 


6,143 


4,717 


35,443 


November, 


33,485 


9,820 


9,961 


53,266 


December, 


32,483 


11,940 


11,417 


55,840 


January, 1920 . 


29,620 


10,940 


12,684 


53,244 



Totals 



307,745 



95,795 



103,498 



507,038 



DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL CIRCULATION. 





HOME 


SCHOOLS AND 


total. 




USE. 


INSTITUTIONS. 


Central Library: 








a. Direct .... 


307,745 






b. Through Branches and Reading 






Rooms 


95,795 






c. Schools and Institutions, th 


rough 






Branch Depl. 




103,498 


507,038 


Branches: 








Brighton ..... 


45,383 


26,337 


71,720 


Charlesfown 


69,601 


11,299 


80,900 


Codman Square . 


80,629 


4,617 


85,246 


Dorchester .... 


58,763 


9,410 


68,173 


East Boston 


99,082 


15,980 


115,062 


Hyde Park 


71,814 


6,630 


78,444 


Jamaica Plain . 


46,907 


8,864 


55,771 


North End .... 


56,779 


2,897 


59,676 


Roslindale .... 


64,571 


2,227 


66,798 


Roxbury .... 


60,322 


13,702 


74,024 


South Boston 


82,119 


18,483 


100,602 


South End .... 


81,586 


12,800 


94,386 


Upham's Corner 


102,098 


9,088 


111,186 


Warren Street . 


88,620 


100 


88,720 


West End . 


104,573 


9,589 


114,162 


West Roxbury . 


46,402 


8,871 


55,273 



1.159,249 



160,894 



1,320,143 



[59] 









HOME SCHOOLS AND 


USE. INSTITUTIONS. '"'««-• 


Reading Rooms: 




A. Lower Mills .... 18,308 


18,308 


D. Mattapan . 






16,351 


16,351 


E. Neponset 






19,433 


19,433 


F. Mf. Bowdoin 






68,177 


68,177 


G. Allston 






43,492 


43,492 


N. Mf. Pleasant 






48,098 


48,098 


P. Tyler Street 






15,582 


5 15,587 


S. Roxbury Crossing 






43,232 


43,232 


T. Boylston Station . 






40,758 


40,758 


Y. Andrew Square . 






29,726 


29,726 


Z. Orient Heights . 






21,133 


21.133 


23. City Point . 






33.784 


33.784 


24. Parker Hill 






52.846 


52.846 


25. Faneuil 






22,626 


22.626 



473.546 5 

These figures are condensed into the following: 

Books lent for Home Use, including Circulation through 
Schools and Institutions. 

From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through the 
branches and reading rooms) ........ 

From branches and reading rooms (other than books received from Cen- 



473.551 



Iral Library) 



507,038 
1,793,694 



Total number of volumes lent for home use and through schools and 
institutions ........... 

Comparative. 1918-19. 

Central Library circulation (excluding 
school and institutions) : 
Direct home ii*e .... 272,953 

Through breinches and reading rooms 82,124 

Branch Department circulation (exclud- 
ing schools and institutions) : 
Direct home use 

From branch collections . . . 883,298 
From reading rooms . . . 552,939 

School and institutions circulation (in- 
cluding books from Central Library 
through the Branch system) . 



2,300.732 
1919-20. 



355,077 

1 .436.237 

236,739 
2,028,053 



307,745 
95,795 



1,006,058 
626,737 



403,540 

1,632,795 

264,397 
2.300,732 



Under the inter-library loan system with other libraries the 
following use of books for the purpose of serious research is 
shown for two successive years: 



160] 



1918-19. 1919-20. 

Volumes lent from this Library to other libraries in Massachusetts 1 ,341 1 ,236 

Lent to libraries outside of Massachusetts . . . . 219 260 

Totals 1,560 1.496 

Applications refused: 

From libraries in Massachusetts ...... 162 228 

From libraries outside of Massachusetts .... 36 36 

Totals 198 264 

Borrowed from other libraries for use here .... 40 29 

The classified "home-use" circulation of the branches and 
reading rooms was as follows, for two successive years : 

1918-19. 1919-20. 

Branches: volumes, percentage. volumes, percentage. 

Fiction for adults . . 275.199 31.3 295,343 29.24 

Non-fiction for adults . 120,251 13.7 125,591 12.43 

Juvenile fiction . . . 345,004 39.3 395,809 39.18 

Juvenile non-fiction . . 137.388 15.6 193,268 19.13 

Reading Rooms: 
Fiction .... 406,390 71.8 420,448 67,00 

Non-ficrion . . . 159,307 28.1 206,289 32.90 

At the Central Library the classified "home-use" circulation 

shows the following percentages : 

1918-19. 1919-20. 

PERCENTAGES. PERCENTAGES. 

Fiction 48.6 48.4 

Non-fiction 51.4 51.6 

BOOK ACCESSIONS. 

BOOKS ACQUIRED BY PURCHASE. 

1918-19. 1919-20. 
For the Central Library: 

From City appropriation . . . 5,570 8,567 

From trust funds income . . . 2,876 3,121 

8,446 11,688 

For branches and reading rooms: 

From City appropriation . . . 25,129 28,649 

From trust funds income . . . 430 41 

25,559 28,690 

By Fellowes Athenaeum (for the Rox- 

bury Branch) 920 939 

Totals 34.925 41.317 

Of the 1 ,027 volumes acquired by the Fellowes Athenaeum 
during the past year, 939 were purchased, 71 were gifts, and 
1 7 were of periodicals bound. 



[61] 



The following statement includes the accessions by purchase 
combined with books received by gift or otherwise: 



Accessions by purchase (including 939 volumes 
by Fellowes Athenaeum for Roxbury Branch) 

Accessions by gift (including 71 volumes through 
Fellowes Athenaeum for Roxbury Branch) 

Accessions by Statistical Department . 

Accessions by exchange ..... 

Accessions by periodicals bound (including 1 7 
through Fellowes Athenaeum for Roxbury 
Branch) 

Accessions of newspapers bound 



CENTRAL. 


BRANCHES. 


TOTAL 
VOLUMES. 


16,819 


24,498 


41,317 


8,706 
261 
319 


1,323 


10,029 
261 
319 


2,110 
115 


268 


2,378 
115 



28.330 



26,350 



54,419 



THE CATALOGUE. 



Catalogued (new) : 

Central Library Catalogue 
Serials .... 
Branches .... 

Recatalogued 

Totals .... 



VOLS. AND 
PARTS. 

1918- 

18,603 

3,762 

23,060 

30,418 



TITLES. 

19. 
1 1 ,376 

26!446 
17,964 



VOLS. AND 
PARTS. 

1919-20. 

20,533 11,739 
4,900 
26,097 
21,938 



TITLES. 



21,625 
13,469 



75,843 49,780 



73,468 46,833 



SHELF DEPARTMENT. 

The number of volumes shelved and thus made available for 
public use, taken from the report of the Shelf Department, is : 

Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year: 

General collection, new books (including continuations) .... 23,266 

Special collection, new books and transfers ...... 1,548 

Books reported lost or missing in previous years, but now found, transfers 

from Branches, etc. .......... 672 

25,486 
Removed from Central Library shelves during the year: 

Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced, trans- 
fers, etc 8,633 

Net gain. Central Library 16,853 

Net gain at branches (including reading-rooms) ...... 6,950 

Net gain, entire library system 23,803 

The total number of volumes available for public use at the 
end of each year since the formation of the Library is shown in 
the following statement: 



[62] 



1852-53 








9.688 


1886 . 






479,421 


1853-54 








16.221 


1887 . 






492.956 


1854-55 








22,617 


1888 . 






505,872 


1855-56 








28.080 


1889 . 






520,508 


1856-57 








34.896 


1890 . 






536,027 


1857-58 








70.851 


1891 . 






556,283 


1858-59 








78.043 


1892 . 






576.237 


1859-60 








85.031 


1893 . 






597,152 


1860-61 








97.386 


1894 . 






610.375 


1861-62 








105,034 


1895 . 






628.297 


1862-63 








110,563 


1896-97 






663.763 


1863-64 








116.934 


1897-98 






698,888 


1864-65 








123.016 


1898-99 






716.050 


1865-66 








130,678 


1899-1900 






746,383 


1866-67 








136.080 


1900-01 






781.377 


1867-68 








144.092 


1901-02 






812.264 


1868-69 








1 52.796 


1902-03 






835.904 


1869-70 








160.573 


1903-04 






848,884 


1870-7! 








179.250 


1904-05 






871,050 


1871-72 








192.958 


1905-06 






878,933 


1872-73 








209.456 


1906-07 






903,349 


1873-74 








260,550 


1907-08 






922,348 


1874-75 








276,918 


1908-09 






941,024 


1875-76 








297,873 


1909-10 






961,522 


1876-77 








312,010 


1910-11 






987,268 


1877-78 








345.734 


1911-12 






1.006,717 


1878-79 








360.963 


1912-13 






1,049,011 


1879-60 








377.225 


1913-14 






1,067.103 


1880-81 








390.982 


1914-15 






1.098,702 


1881-82 








404,221 


1915-16 






1,121,747 


1882-83 








422,116 


1916-17 






1,139,682 


1883-84 








438,594 


1917-18 






1,157,326 


1884-85 








453.947 


1918-19 






1.173.695 


1885 . 








460.993 


1919-20 






1,197.498 


Volumes in entire library system 








1.197,498 


Volumes in the branches and reading-rooms 






293.482 


These volumes are located as 


follows : 




Central Library . . . 904,016 


Warren Street . 


4,915 


Brighton 






19.759 


West End . 


18,884 


Charlesfown 






15.944 


West Roxbury . 


10,818 


Codman Square 






6.647 


Lower Mills (Station A) 


1,163 


Dorchester . 






20,393 


Mattapan (Station D) . 


1,275 


East Boston 






18,195 


Neponset (Station E) . 


1,944 


Hyde Park . 






29,093 


Mt. Bowdoin (Station F) 


6,411 


Jamaica Plain 






16.519 


Allston (Station G) . 


2.579 


North End . 






6.658 


Mt. Pleasant (Station N) 


3.758 


RosHndale . 






8,920 


Tyler Street (Station P) 


2.700 


Roxbury : 


Roxbury Crossing (Station S] 


2,731 


Fellowes Athenaeum 29,908 


Boylston Station (Station T] 


2.399 


Owned by City 6,252 


Andrew Square (Station Y] 


2,735 


Total, Roxbury . . . 36,260 


Orient Heights (Station Z) 


2,552 


South Boston . . . 18,189 


City Point (Station 23) 


3,539 


South End . . . . 16.086 


Parker Hill (Stahon 24) 


1.603 


Upham's Co 


rner 






9,164 


Faneuil (St. 


ition 


25) . 


2.449 



[63] 



FREE PUBLIC LECTURES. 



TTie following list includes the free Library course of lectures 
given during the season from October, 1919, through April, 
1920, in the Lecture Hall on Thursday evenings and Sunday 
afternoons, and occasional lectures, open to the public, given 
under the auspices of various civic bodies. In the list is also 
the course given by the Ruskin Club on Monday afternoons. 
As in former years the Field and Forest Club provided a series 
of six lectures, and the Drama League a course of Sunday after- 
noon talks on the drama. 

All lectures, except those marked with an asterisk (*) were 
illustrated with lantern slides. 



War Memorials, Old and New. Huger Elliott. 
A Trip to George Eliot's Country. Charles S. Olcott. 
*Ruskin's Poetry. Ella R. Shull. (Ruskin Club.) 
"A New England House and its Furnishings in 1 760." 

Edwin James Hipkiss. 
Our Allies as I have Met Them. Ernest Harold Baynes. 
Around the Adriatic. Emma G. Cummings. 
*"A Prince of Story Tellers" : O. Henry. Joseph J. Reilly. 
^Democracy and Art. Maria A. Moore. (Ruskin Club.) 
Experiences of a Tramping Party among the White Moun- 
tains. Rev. George H. Barrow. (Field and Forest 
Club.) 
Nov. 14. *Thrift Education and Home Economics. Dr. Benjamin R. 
Andrews. (New England Home Economics Association.) 
Nov. 16. The Irish Dramatists. Frank Cheney Hersey. (Drama 

League.) 
Nov. 20. The Story of Alsace and Lorraine. Martha A. S. Shannon. 
Nov. 23. The Church of St. Clement, Rome. Monsignor M. J. 

Splaine. 
Nov. 30. *The Problem of the Near East. H. H. Powers. 
Dec. 4. A Trip Through the Northwest, Alaska and California. 

Charles H. Bayley. 
Dec. 7. A Few Kinsfolks of Ours, Biped and Quadruped. Frank 

Herbert Palmer. 
Dec. 8. Scotland, the Land of Broom and Heather. Mrs. Arthur 

Dudley Ropes. (Ruskin Club.) 
Dec. I I . Mountaineering in North America. Leroy Jeffers. (Field 
and Forest Club.) 



1919 


Oct. 


23. 


Oct. 


26. 


Oct. 


27. 


Oct. 


30. 


Nov. 


2. 


Nov. 


6. 


Nov. 


9. 


Nov. 


10. 


Nov. 


13. 



Dec. 


14. 


Dec. 


18. 


Dec. 


21. 


Dec. 


22. 



[64] 

Poland and the Polish People. Bronlslas A. Jezlerski. 
The Island of Ceylon. Harvey N. Shepard. 
Rambles in Dickens Land. Frank Cheney Hersey. 
*Reconstruction Work in Massachusetts. Lilla Elizabeth 

Kelley. (Ruskin Club.) 
*Reading Dickens's "Christmas Carol." Alexandra Carlisle. 
(Dickens Fellowship.) 
Dec. 28. *Playgoing at Home; or, Everyman His ow^n Producer. 
Frank Chouteau Brown. (Drama League.) 

Some Characters I have Known. Professor W. Lyman 

Underwood. 
*The Present Condition of Psychical Research. Rev. Dr. 

Elwood Worcester. (Professional Woman's Club.) 
Snow-Shoeing in the White Mountains. Luther C. Green- 
leaf. (Field and Forest Club.) 
Citizenship. Frederic Albert Cleveland. 
"The Nature and Purpose of St. George's Guild" — Ruskin. 

May Smith Dean. (Ruskin Club.) 
Backgrounds of Present Day Immigration. George W. Tup- 

per. 
*Lecture Recital: Jewish Music, with special reference to 

Yiddish Folk-Songs. A. A. Roback. 
"Belligerent Capitals Compared." Dr. John C. Bowker. 
Great Americans as Material for Drama. Professor Albert 

H. Gilmer. (Drama League.) 
*Three Links of Ruskinism. Dr. Davis W. Clark. (Ruskin 

Club.) 
Art and the Contemporary Spirit. Raymond Wyer. 
Cechoslovakia. Mrs. Anna V. Capek. With Cech and 

Slovak folk-songs. 
Hunting with Canoe and Camera in New Brunswick. W. 

Lyman Underwood. 
*Ruskin Birthday Celebration. Prof. W| T. Sedgwick, Rev. 

Benj. R. Bulkeley, Dr. Davis W. Clark and others. 

(Ruskin Club.) 
Camping Out in the Mountains. Philip W. Ayres, President, 

Appalachian Mountain Club. (Field and Forest Club.) 
^Fundamental Economics. Frederic S. Snyder. (New Eng- 
land Home Economics Association.) 
Memories of England. Mrs. Arthur D. Ropes, 
Albania, the Master Key to the Near East. Christo A. 

Dako. 
Feb. 22. Incidents of the Siege of Boston. George G. Wolkins. 



1920 


Jan. 


4. 


Jan. 


5. 


Jan. 


8. 


Jan. 


11. 


Jan. 


12. 


Jan. 


15. 


Jan. 


18. 


Jan. 


22. 


Jan. 


25. 


Jan. 


26. 


Jan. 


29. 


Feb. 


1. 


Feb. 


8. 


Feb. 


9. 


Feb. 


12. 


Feb. 


14. 


Feb. 


15. 


Feb. 


19. 



[65] 

Feb. 23. *Ruskin's Work among the London Poor. Rev. Stephen H. 

Roblin. (Ruskin Club.) 
Feb. 26. Ancient Irish Art. John E. Lynch. 
Feb. 29. Entertaining the American Doughboy in France. Mary 

Young. (Drama League.) 
Mar. 4. Domenico Ghirlandaio: The Great Fresco Painter of 

Florence. Charles Theodore Carruth. 
Mar. 7. ^Characteristics of Gaelic Poetry. Michael Earls. 
Mar. 8. Ruskin, and Some of the Old Masters. Miss Ellen E. Page. 

(Ruskin Club.) 
Mar. 1 I . Interesting Facts about the Birds at Home. Charles B. 

Floyd. (Field and Forest Club.) 
Mar. 1 3. *The Small Investor. John F. Moors. (New England Home 

Economics Association.) 
Contmeporary Sculpture. P. Bryant Baker. (Copley So- 
ciety.) 
Mar. 1 4. What's New in the Garden. Edward Irving Farrington. 
Mar. 1 8. Sandro Botticelli, the Favorite Painter of Lorenzo de' Me- 
dici. Charles Theodore Carruth. 
Mar. 2 1 . *What the Little Theatres have accomplished in America. 

Robert E. Rogers. (Drama League.) 
Mar. 25. Venice, its Literary Associations: Shakespeare, Byron, 

Browning, etc. Frank Cheney Hersey. 
Mar. 28. Famous Actors, Old and New. With imitations of their 

acting. Francis Henry Wade. 
Apr. 4. *The Boy Choir and its Problems. Leonard S. Whalen, 

Choirmaster. With musical illustrations by the Choir of 

St. Mark's Church, Ashmont. 
Apr. 1 2. *Ruskin's Message to the Women of the Twentieth Century, 

by Newell Dwight Hillis, D.D. Read by Mrs. Mary 

Louise Taylor. (Ruskin Club.) 
Apr. 14. *"Is Russian Bolshevism a new experiment in Democracy?" 

Lieut. A. W. Kliefoth. (Massachusetts Committee, Na- 
tional Civic Federation.) 
Apr. 2 1 . Symbolism and Legend in Italian Art. Minna Eliot Tenney 

Peck. (New England Women's Press Association.) 
Apr. 26. ^Readings from Fifth Volume of "Modern Painters." By 

members of the Club. (Ruskin Club.) 

PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS. 

1919-1920. 

1919 
January. Northern France. 

Athens. 



[66] 



February. European War. — Ruins. 

John Ruskin. 

Forests. 

Lithographs by Lucien Jonas. 

James Russell Lowell. 

George Washington. 
March. Triumphal Arches. 

Palestine. 

Arnold Arboretum. 

France in American Art. 

Italian Aviation Service Photographs. 
April. Activities of the 26th Division. 

Parades. 
May. Leonardo da Vinci. 

Walt Whitman. 

Julia Ward Howe. 

Old Boston. 

Czechoslovakia. 
June. Colonial Architecture. 

August, Work for Wounded Soldiers Posters. 

September. Belgium. 
October. Designs for a Bahai Temple. 

War Memorials. 

England. 

Colonial Furniture. 
November. Around the Adriatic. 

White Mountains. 

Alsace-Lorraine. 

Roman Churches. 

The Near East. 
December. Alaska and California. 

Winter Sports. 

Poland. 
1920 
January. Photographs by George H. Seeley. 

Racial Types. 

Benjamin Franklin. 

Belligerent Capitals. 

Czechoslovakia. 
February. The Levant. 

Homes and Haunts of Ruskin. (Watercolors by Miss 
Warren.) 

Boston in the Revolution. 

Work of Joseph Pennell. 

Washington Medal, 

Florentine Painting. 



[67] 

March. Work of Richard E. Brooks. 

Ireland. 

Botticelli. 

Washington Medal. 

Venice. 

Easter. 
April. Raphael, 

Competitive Posters, by school children, for the Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 

Competitive Posters, by school children, for the Boston 
Tuberculosis Association. 

Prevocational Work of the Boston Schools. 

THE PRINTING DEPARTMENT. 

1918-19. 1919-20. 

Requisitions received and filled ...... 237 311 

Card Catalogue (Central Library) : 

Titles, exclusive of Stack 4 (Printing Dept. count) . . 17,082 13,626 

Cards finished (exclusive of extras) 195,540 188.494 

Card Catalogue (Branches) : 

Titles (Printing Dept. count) 296 368 

Cards finished (exclusive of extras) ..... 9,641 27,21 1 

Signs 204 861 

Blank forms (numbered series) 1,609,346 2.370,273 

Blank forms (outside the numbered series) .... 387,621 51.186 

Catalogues and pamphlets 147.341 174,375 

Blank books 14 



THE BINDERY. 



Number of volumes bound in various styles 

Magazines stitched 

Volumes repaired .... 

Volumes guarded .... 

Maps mounted .... 

Photographs and engravings mounted 

Library publications folded, stitched and trimmed 



1918-19. 

35,554 

231 

3,671 

1,434 

354 

5,949 

171.186 



1919-20. 

36,894 

226 

2.614 

1.203 

84 

3.462 

178,332 



CHIEFS OF DEPARTMENTS AND LIBRARIANS OF BRANCHES 
AND READING-ROOMS. 

As at present organized, the various departments of the Library 
and the branches and reading-rooms are in charge of the fol- 
lowing persons: 

Otto Fleischner, Assistant Librarian. 
Samuel A. Chevalier, Chief of Catalogue Department. 
William G. T. Roffe, in Charge of Shelf Department. 



[68] 

Theodosia E. Macurdy, Chief of Ordering Department. 

Frank H. Chase, Custodian of Bates Hall Reference Department. 

Pierce E. Buckley, Custodian of Bates Hall Centre Desk, Patent and 

Newspaper Departments. 
Frank A. Bourne, Custodian of Special Libraries. 
Francis J. Hannigan, Custodian of Periodical Room. 
Barbara Duncan. In charge of Allen A. Brown Music Room. 
Walter G. Forsyth, In charge of Barton -Ticknor Room. 
Frank C. Blaisdell, Chief of Issue Department. 
Langdon L. Ward, Supervisor of Branches and Reading-Rooms. 
Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor of Work with Children. 
Mary C. Toy, Children's Librarian. Central Library. 
A. Frances Rogers, Acting Chief of Registration Department. 
Horace L. Wheeler, In charge of Statistical Department. 
Lindsay Swift, Editor of Publications. 
Francis Watts Lee, Chief of Printing Department. 
James W. Kenney, Chief of Bindery Department. 
Henry Niederauer, Chief of Engineer and Janitor Department. 
Marian W. Brackett, Librarian of Brighton Branch. 
Katherine S. Rogan, Librarian of Charlestown Branch. 
Elizabeth P. Ross, Librarian of Codman Square Branch. 
Elizabeth T. Reed, Librarian of Dorchester Branch. 
Laura M. Cross, Librarian of East Boston Branch. 
Elizabeth Ainsworth, Librarian of Hyde Park Branch. 
Mary P. Swain, Librarian of Jamaica Plain Branch. 
Josephine E. Kenney, Librarian of North End Branch. 
Grace L. Murray, Librarian of Roslindale Branch. 
Helen M. Bell, Librarian of Roxbury Branch. 
M. Florence Cufflin, Librarian of South Boston Branch. 
Margaret A. Sheridan, Librarian of South End Branch. 
Mary F. Kelley, Librarian of Upham's Corner Branch. 
Florence M. Bethune, Librarian of Warren Street Branch. 
Alice M. Robinson. Librarian of West End Branch. 
Carrie L. Morse, Librarian of West Roxbury Branch. 
Mary A. Hill, Librarian of Station A, Lower Mills Reading Room. 
Emma D. Capewell, Librarian of Station D, Mattapan Reading Room. 
Mary M. Sullivan, Librarian of Station E, Nep>onset Reading Room. 
Isabel E. Wetherald, Librarian of Station F, Mt. Bowdoin Reading 

Room. 
Katherine F. Muldoon, Librarian of Station G, Allston Reading Room. 
Margaret H. Reid, Librarian of Station N, Mt. Pleasant Reading Room. 
Cora L. Stewart. Librarian of Station P, Tyler Street Reading Room. 
Katrina M. Sather, Librarian of Station S. Roxbury Crossing Reading 

Room. 
Beatrice C. Maguire, Librarian of Station T, Boylston Station Reading 

Room. 



[69] 

Edith R. Nickerson, Librarian of Station Y, Andrew Square Reading 

Room. 
Edith F. Pendleton, Librarian of Station Z, Orient Heights Reading 

Room. 
Alice L. Murphy, Librarian of Station 23, City Point Reading Room. 
Gertrude F, Griffin. Acting Librarian of Station 24, Parker Hill Reading 

Room. 
Gertrude L. Connell, Librarian of Station 25, Faneuil Reading Room. 



INDEX. 



Allston Reading Room, moved to new 
quarters, 4. 

Assistants. (See Employees.) 

Bates Hall, report of Custodian, 36-38; 
Centre Desk, report, 38. 

Benton. Josiah H. Benton fund, first 
bequest received, 2. 

Binding department, report, 55, 56; 67. 

Books, expenditures, 3; circulation in- 
creased, 4; received, 23-30; note- 
worthy accessions, 26-28; gifts, 28— 
30 ; supervisor of circulation appointed, 
44; circulation tables, 58, 59; ac- 
cessions, 60. 

Boston, Lincolnshire, gift of Pilgrim 
rail, 4. 

Branches and Reading Rooms, 4; re- 
port, 46, 51. 

Building, repairs accomplished, 56. 

Catalogue department, report, 30, 31 ; 
61. 

Children; course in Work with, by Miss 
Jordan, 7 ; Library privileges extended, 
8; Supervisor's report on Work with, 
31-34; Children's Room, 34, 35; 
Story Hour, 35, 36. 

Circulation. (See Books.) 

Coleman, George W., procures gift, 4. 

Coolidge, Gov. Calvin, letter to the 
Librarian, 46. 

Cronan, Mary W., report on Children's 
Story-Hour, 35, 36. 

Chiefs of departments, 67-69. 

Employees, training of assistants, 7, 8; 
22, 23; increase of wages, 9; salaries 
discussed by Librarian, 21, 22; list of 
chiefs of departments, 67—69; death of 
Otto A. Heimann, Idalene L. Samp- 
son, Edwin F. Rice, 56. 

Estimates for 1920-21, 8, 9. 

Examining Committee, organization, 
11-13; report, 18-20. 

Exhibitions, 54, 55; list, 65-67. 

Federal Documents service, 45, 46. 

Finance, receipts of the Library, 1 ; 
balance sheet, 14-17. 

Fine Arts. (See Special Libraries.) 

Guerrier, Edith, appointed Supervisor 
of Circulation, 44, 45. 

Heimann, Otto A., died, 56. 

Information service inaugurated, 45, 46. 

Inter-library loan, 59, 60. 

Jordan, Alice, gives a course on Work 
with children, 7. 



Keenan, John J., resignes, 43. 
Kirstein, Louis E., appointed Trustee, 

Lectures, 54, 55; list, 63-65. 

Librarian, report, 21. 

Music Room. (See Special Libraries.) 

News Notes on Government Publica- 
tions, first appearance, 45. 

Newspaper Room, report, 38, 39. 

Ogston, Alfred J., address by, 5, 6. 

Patent Room, report, 39. 

Periodical Room, report, 39. 

Peters, Andrew J., Mayor, address at 
presentation of Pilgrim rail, 6, 7. 

Pictures, circulation to schools, 48. 

Pilgrim rail, gift from Boston, Lincoln- 
shire, 4-7. 

Printing department, report, 55, 56; 67. 

Publications, News Notes on Govern- 
ment Publications, published, 45, 46; 
report, 51-54. 

Reading Rooms. (See Branches.) 

Receipts. (See Finance.) 

Registration, younger readers admitted 
as card-holders, 8. 

Registration department, report, 43, 
44; John J. Keenan resigns as Chief, 
43 ; A. Frances Rogers, appointed 
acting Chief, 44. 

Rice, Edwin F., died, 56. 

Roslindale Reading Room, graded as 
Branch, 4. 

Salaries. (See Employees.) 

Sampson, Idalene L., died, 56. 

Shelf department, report, 31 ; 61, 62. 

Simmons College, cooperation in train- 
ing assistants, 7, 8. 

Special Libraries, report on Fine Arts 
department, 40, 41 ; Allen A. Brown 
Music Room, 41. 

Statistical department, report, 41, 42. 

Supervisor of Circulation, new position 
created, 44. 

Teachers' Room, 36. 

Training of assistants, 7, 8. 

Trust funds, 9-11. 

Trustees, organization, 1 ; power to 
hold properly enlarged by special act 
of legislature, 3. 

Wages. (See Employees.) 

Warren Street Reading Room, graded 
as Branch, 4. 



I . Central Library, Copley Square. 

Branch Libraries, February I, 1920. 

2. Brighton Branch. Hollon Library Building. Academy Hill Road. 

3. Charlejtown Branch, Monument Square, cor. Monument Ave. 

4. Dorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St. 

5. East Boston Branch, 276 - 282 Meridian St. 

6. Jamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St. 

7. Roxbury Branch, 46 MiUmont St. 

8. South Boston Branch, 372 Broadway. 

9. South End Branch, 397 Shawmut Ave. 

10. Upham's Comer Branch, Columbia Road, cor. Bird St. 

I I. West End Branch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St. 

12. West Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St. 

13. Hyde Park Branch, Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. 

14. North End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. 

1 5. Codman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St. 

16. Roslindale Branch, Washington, cor. Ashland St. 

1 7. Wanen Street Branch, 392 Warren St. 

Reading Rooms, February 1, 1920. 

A. Lower Mills Reading Room. Washington, cor. Richmond St. 

D. Mattapan Re.iding Room, 7 Babson St. 

E. Neponset Reading Room. 362 Neponsel Ave. 

F. Mount Bowdoin Reading Room. Washington, cor. Eldon St. 

G. Allslon Reading Room. 138 Brighton Ave. 
H. Faneuil Reading Room. 100 Brooks St. 

N. Mt. Pleasant Reading Room, Vine, cor. Dudley St. 

P. Tyler Street Reading Room, Tyler, cor. Oak St. 

S. Roxbury Crossing Reading Room, 1 1 54 Tremont St. 

T. Boylslon Station RcL^ding Room, The Lamartine, Depot Square. 

V. City Point Reading Room, Municipal Building, Broadway. 

X. Parker Hill Reading Room, 1518 Tremont St. 

Y. Andrew Square Reading Room, 396 Dorchester St. 

Z. Orient Height.? Reading Room, 1030 Benninglon St. 




Area of City (i.,and only) 45.60 Squ 



Population (estimated). 800.37 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06314 659 9 




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