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ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 

AND WIRE DIVISION 



CITY OF BOSTON 



YEAR E^TOWG JANUARY 33, 1922 




CITY OF BOSTON 
PRINTING DEPARTMENT 
1922 




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ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

FIRE DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1921-22. 



February 1, 1922. 

Hon. Andrew J. Peters, 

Mayor of the City of Boston: 

Dear Sir,— In accordance with section 24, chapter 
3, Revised Ordinances of 1914, City of Boston, I have 
the honor to submit herewith the annual report of the 
Fire Department for the year ending January 31, 1922. 

Finances. 

The total expenditure for the department was 
$3,312,983.40. This amount includes the Wire Division 
appropriation and $22,000 from special appropriations 
spent in effecting alterations in the quarters of Engine 
Company 26-35, Mason street, and Engine Company 
28, Ladder Company 10, Centre street. 

The revenue of the department, including that of the 
Wire Division, was $50,602.29. 

Fire Loss. 

During the year the department responded to 5,247 
alarms, of which 2,399 were box alarms. The total 
number of alarms was not as high as in some previous 
years, yet the resulting loss amounted to $4,010,201, the 



2 City Document No. 11. 

greatest since 1918. While this loss seems excessive it 
should be borne in mind that the valuation of property 
and merchandise was at its peak during the past year, 
and this high valuation is naturally reflected in the fire 
loss. Furthermore the city was visited by four excep- 
tionally serious fires during the first half of the year, as 
follows : 



January 1. 87-93 Albany street, loss of 
February 21. 481-483 Neponset avenue (cai 

house), loss of 
March 4. Amory street (car house), loss of 
June 26. 67-71 South street, loss of 



$113,136 

277,532 

369,864 
430,501 

1,191,033 



The losses accounted for above contribute substantially 
to the total loss for the year. 

High Pressure. 

The most noteworthy achievement of the year was 
the placing in operation of the high pressure fire service. 
Pumping station No. 2, located at the Edison Electric 
Illuminating Company's power station on Atlantic ave- 
nue near Pearl street, was completed, accepted by the 
city, and put into operation by the Fire Department at 
9 a. m., Monday, December 19, 1921. This date marks 
an epoch in the history of fire fighting in the City of 
Boston, for by the introduction of this system the city 
is provided with the latest type of fire fighting equip- 
ment, the efficiency of the Fire Department is cor- 
respondingly increased, and added protection is afforded 
the lives and property of our citizens. 

High pressure station No. 1, located at the Lincoln 
power station of the Boston Elevated Railway Company, 
at Commercial and Battery streets, was turned over to 
the Fire Department and put in service on January 23, 
1922. 

Each of the stations has a rated capacity of 9,000 
gallons per minute at 200 pounds pressure, and 6,000 
gallons per minute at 300 pounds pressure. Approx- 
imately twelve miles of pipe and 310 high pressure 
hydrants have been installed. 

The system is yet far from being completed. Accord- 
ing to the plans there is considerable work to be done 



Fire Department. 3 

to extend the system over the territory it is proposed to 
protect. Miles of pipe are yet to be laid and another 
pumping station must be built and equipped before the 
system is complete. 

Motorization. 

The motorization of the department has progressed 
gradually and consistently. Today ninety-four pieces 
of fire fighting apparatus are motorized as compared with 
eighty-five a year ago. These figures do not include 
chiefs' cars, delivery or emergency trucks, or apparatus 
in reserve. In other words the apparatus of the depart- 
ment in actual service is approximately 76 per cent 
motorized, leaving thirty pieces of horse-drawn apparatus 
to be displaced. 

Assignment Cards. 

The addition of the high pressure system together with 
the large amount of motor apparatus in service made it 
necessary and possible to revise the running card of the 
department. The system of response and covering of 
apparatus on multiple alarms was antiquated and 
obsolete, having been adapted for horse-drawn equip- 
ment. In order to follow the assignments outlined on 
the cards on multiple alarms an exceedingly large and 
unnecessary amount of apparatus movement resulted. 
The new system, completed after months of study, was 
put into effect December 19, 1921, coincident with the 
high pressure system, and by its adoption the movement 
of apparatus throughout the city is reduced to a mini- 
mum. 

"Clean up Campaign" Trophy. 

During the " Clean up Campaign" the Fire Depart- 
ment made a special effort to assist the committee and 
co-operate with the other city departments in carrying 
out the purposes of the campaign. Additional firemen 
were detailed to perform inspection work, and the 
department spared no effort to make the campaign a 
success. The City of Boston was awarded the trophy, 
a silver cup, for conducting the best clean up campaign 
in New England, and the committee in charge of the 
campaign testified that the work of the Fire Depart- 
ment was an essential factor in having the award come 
to Boston. 



4 City Document No. 11. 

Fire Prevention. 

The Bureau of Fire Prevention has performed its 
duties in a satisfactory manner. The work of the Bureau 
has increased greatly on account of the new billboard 
law, so-called, which requires an inspection and report 
on every old and new location of advertising sign. In- 
spections are made and reports submitted to the Massa- 
chusetts Department of Public Works, Division of 
Highways, with reference to the signs from a fire menace 
point of view. 

All complaints and reports forwarded to the Bureau, 
after action has been taken, are followed up until the 
hazard is corrected, and the number of hazards corrected 
during the year has substantially increased. There 
were approximately 97,000 inspections and reinspections 
during the year. 

Island Institutions. 
Co-operating with the Institutions Commissioner the 
Fire Department has developed definite plans for 
monthly inspections of the city institutions at Deer and 
Long Islands. At each visit an officer of the department 
makes a thorough inspection of the premises, equip- 
ment and fire appliances on the islands, and gives such 
instructions to the employees and attendants as he 
thinks proper. Any serious defects are reported to the 
Fire Commissioner who, in turn, calls them to the 
attention of the Institutions Commissioner. 

Water System Maps. 
Plans of the water system of the city have been dis- 
tributed to each of the various fire stations so that the 
officers and members may have an opportunity to 
familiarize themselves with the location of hydrants and 
sizes of water mains, etc., throughout the city. 

Department Schools. 
The Fire College, Drill School, Chauffeurs' School, 
Engineers' School, School for Instruction in the Care of 
Motor Apparatus have been successfully conducted dur- 
ing the year. It has been most gratifying to extend the 
courtesy of these schools to representatives of the fire 
departments of Beverly, Fall River, Lynn, Medford, 
Melrose, Quincy, Salem, and Lewiston, Maine. Not 
one, but repeated requests have been received from the 



Fire Department. 5 

officials of these cities for permission to send representa- 
tives to our schools, and these requests reflect in a great 
measure the good work being conducted by the schools. 

Recommendations. 

Hon. John R. Murphy resigned as Fire Commissioner 
on November 1, 1921, and on that date, at your Honor's 
request, I assumed charge of the department as acting 
Fire Commissioner. I wish to record here the pleasure 
I have enjoyed in my present office. Not only have I 
received the co-operation and support of the heads of the 
various city departments, but the officials and employees 
of the Fire Department have offered every assistance 
possible to me in the administration of the affairs of the 
department. 

While my term in the office of Fire Commissioner has 
been short, yet I have made certain observations which 
in my opinion are worthy of serious consideration. The 
most essential of these are noted below. 

1. The telephone system used in the department at 
the present time is antiquated and inadequate. It has 
been in use for many years, the circuits are overloaded, 
and the service it offers for a department of such size and 
importance as the Fire Department is most unsatis- 
factory. A more modern and up-to-date telephone sys- 
tem should be installed as soon as possible. 

2. The motorization of the department should be 
completed at as early a date as possible. Enough money 
should be set aside next year to carry out this recommen- 
dation. Provision should also be made for a sufficient 
amount of reserve equipment so that there will be in 
reserve an amount equal to 25 per cent of the apparatus 
in service. This reserve apparatus should consist of 
first-class equipment equally as good as the apparatus in 
service, and ready for instantaneous service. 

3. The motorization of the department has brought 
about a condition in the Repair Shop which requires 
attention. Larger quarters are necessary. The present 
shop is overcrowded, and some plan should be devised to 
relieve the condition which exists. More space is needed 
and should be obtained as soon as possible. There is 
vacant land on Albany street, opposite the present shop, 
and fronting on Fort Point channel. An addition to 
the present shop in this location would centralize the 
repairing and storage of apparatus, and could be adapted 



6 City Document No. 11. 

to take care of our fireboats, so that considerable repair 
work on these boats could be done by the Fire Depart- 
ment employees. 

4. The three fireboats are coal-burning vessels. Oil 
burners have proven a success in boats of similar type, 
and from the viewpoint of economy and efficiency con- 
sideration should be given to converting the fireboats 
into oil burners. 

5. A substantial amount should be set aside each 
year to provide for the renovation of the fire stations of 
the department. Many of the houses were erected 
years ago when the department was on a "call" basis, 
and were never adapted for the housing of permanent 
companies of from twelve to fifteen men. As a result 
living conditions in these houses are not of the best, 
and some effort should be made to provide pleasant and 
adequate accommodations for the men who are obliged 
to five in the fire stations. 

Furthermore, the installation of motor apparatus 
requires certain changes in houses to eliminate the fire 
hazard which accompanies the storage of gasoline en- 
gines. Fireproofing the first floor is the most essential 
change, and other preventative measures should be 
adopted. Several houses require immediate attention, 
and a comprehensive plan to remedy these conditions 
should be adopted and followed. 

Yours very truly, 

Joseph P. Manning, 

Acting Fire Commissioner. 



Fire Department. 



Names of Chief or Chief Engineers, of Department, 
Since the Fire Department was Established 
January, 1826. 



Samuel D. Harris 
Thomas C. Amory 
William Barnicoat 
Elisha Smith, Jr. 
George W. Bird . 
John S. Damrell . 
William A. Green* 
Lewis P. Webber 
William T. Cheswell 
John A. Mullen . 
John Grady* . 
Peter F. McDonough 
Peter E. Walsh . 



1826-28 
1829-35 
1836-53 
1854-55 
1856-65 
1866-74 
1874-84 
1884-1901 
1901-06 
1906-14 
1914 
1914-19 
1919 



: Appointed Fire Commissioner. 



City Document No. 11. 



REPORT OF CHIEF OF DEPARTMENT. 



Boston February 1, 1922. 
From: The Chief of Department. 

To: The Acting Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report. 

The following is the report of the Chief of Department 
for the year ending January 31, 1922: 

During the calendar year the department responded 
to 5,247 alarms. The fire loss was $4,008,132, with a 
marine loss of $2,069, making a total fire loss of 
$4,010,201. 

Additions and Changes. 
Apparatus. 

September 16, 1921, Chemical Company 1 was dis- 
banded, the horses delivered to the Department Veteri- 
nary Hospital, apparatus placed in reserve and the 
members of the company reassigned. 

September 16, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven high pressure hose wagon was placed in service 
with Engine Company 4. This high pressure hose 
wagon is equipped with two Morse guns. There are 
six inlets to each gun, with nozzle tips ranging from 1^ 
to 2f inches in diameter. This wagon has a hose-carrying 
capacity of 2,000 feet. By this change the horse-drawn 
hose wagon and two horses were displaced. 

September 16, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination hose and chemical wagon was placed 
in service with Engine Company 6, replacing a horse- 
drawn hose wagon and two horses. 

October 18, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination pumping engine and hose wagon, 
750 gallons capacity, was installed in the quarters of 
Engine Company 30, replacing the horse-drawn steam 
fire engine and the horse-drawn hose wagon. The 
replaced apparatus was put in reserve and the horses, 
five in number, delivered to the Department Veterinary 
Hospital. 

October 19, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination pumping engine and hose wagon, 



Fire Department. 9 

750 gallons capacity, was installed in the quarters of 
Engine Company 16, replacing the horse-drawn steam 
fire engine and a horse-drawn hose wagon and five 
horses. 

October 28, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination pumping engine and hose wagon, 
750 gallons capacity, was installed in the quarters of 
Engine Company 18, replacing a horse-drawn steam fire 
engine and a horse-drawn hose wagon and five horses. 

October 29, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination pumping engine and hose wagon was 
installed with Engine Company 20, replacing a horse- 
drawn steam fire engine and a horse-drawn hose wagon 
and five horses. 

October 31, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven four-wheel tractor attached to a Seagrave 85-foot 
aerial ladder truck was installed in the quar'ers of 
Ladder Company 1, replacing an American-LaFrance 
motor-driven 75-foot aerial ladder truck. The replaced 
truck was placed in reserve. 

December 10, 1921, Chemical Company 11 was 
disbanded, the apparatus placed in reserve and the 
members of the company reassigned. 

December 10, 1921, Chemical Company 13 was 
disbanded, the apparatus placed in reserve and the 
members of the company reassigned. 

December 10, 1921, a new engine company, known as 
Engine Company 52, was established in the quarters 
formerly occupied by Chemical Company 11 with an 
American-LaFrance motor-driven combination pumping 
engine and hose wagon, 750 gallons capacity. 

December 10, 1921, a new engine company, known 
as Engine Company 53, was established in the quarters 
formerly occupied by Chemical Company 13 with a 
Seagrave triple combination pumping engine, 750 gallons 
capacity. 

December 19, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination pumping engine and hose wagon, 
1,000 gallons capacity and an American-LaFrance 
motor-driven combination hose and chemical wagon 
were installed in the quarters of Engine Company 1, 
replacing a Seagrave motor-driven triple combination 
pumping engine, which was placed in reserve. 

December 19, 1921, a Seagrave motor-driven triple 
combination pumping engine was installed in the 
quarters of Engine Company 2. This engine has a 



10 City Document No. 11. 

rated pump capacity of 750 gallons. By this change 
a horse-drawn steam fire engine and horse-drawn hose 
wagon and five horses were displaced. The displaced 
apparatus was put in reserve and the horses delivered 
to the Department Veterinary Hospital. 

December 19, 1921, an American-LaFrance motor- 
driven combination pumping engine and hose wagon, 
750 gallons capacity and a Knox motor-driven combina- 
tion hose and chemical wagon were installed in the 
quarters of Engine Company 14, replacing a Seagrave 
motor-driven triple combination pumping engine and 
hose wagon. This triple combination pumping engine 
was installed with Engine Company 53. 

Chiefs 1 Automobiles. 
During the year six new automobiles for the use of the 
chief officers were placed in service, displacing old ones. 

Tools and Appliances. 

The following new appliances were placed in service 
in the department as follows: 

Portalites were furnished the following companies, 
Ladders 1, 8, 13, 17. The portalite is a portable elec- 
tric spotlight with a nickel reflector and lamp which is 
attached to a three-cell, six-volt battery. This light 
is useful in illuminating dark alleys, areaways, etc. 

The engine companies responding to alarms in the 
high pressure zone were furnished with pressure gauges 
for use in connection with the high pressure hydrants. 
Engine Companies 4, 6, 7, 8, 15, 25, 26, 35, 39 being 
supplied. 

Fastman play-pipe holders for 3-inch hose were fur- 
nished the following companies which respond to 
alarms in the high pressure zone, Engine Companies 4, 
6, 7, 8, 10, 25, 26, 35, 39. 

The Ross Hydrant thawing device, an appliance for 
generating steam to thaw out hydrants, gates, etc., was 
placed in service with the following companies: Engines 
1, 5, 14, 18, 19, 26, 28, 30, 41, 46, 53. These companies 
are equipped with gasolene pumping engines and hereto- 
fore had no means of thawing frozen hydrants. 

Buildings. 

During the year work of remodeling the quarters of 
Engine Companies 26-35, Mason street, was continued. 



Fire Department. 11 

This work, which includes the addition of a third story, 
when finished, will adequately house these two impor- 
tant intown companies. 

The quarters of Engine Company 28 and Ladder 
Company 10, Centre street, Jamaica Plain, are now 
being remodeled, a third story being added, which, 
when completed, will bring this station up to the regu- 
lations. 

During the year considerable work has been done in 
painting the interior and exterior of the several depart- 
ment houses. As regards cleanliness the houses are 
kept in good condition. 

Many houses wherein motor apparatus are quartered 
should be altered to comply with the regulations. 

Apparatus and Equipment. 

The annual inspection of apparatus and equipment, 
including hose, was made, and the necessary repairs 
made to bring same up to the proper standard of effi- 
ciency. 

Building Inspection. 

Weekly building inspections were made by all the 
officers of the fire-fighting force. These inspections 
invariably resulted in correcting a considerable number 
of hazardous conditions by verbal notice. Where it 
appeared that verbal notice was not sufficient to cause 
the remedying of the hazardous conditions, complaint 
in writing was forwarded to headquarters, from whence 
copies were forwarded to the responsible parties. This 
action generally produced the desired results. 

Theaters and motion picture houses were inspected 
weekly and reports forwarded on their condition. 

All public buildings and schoolhouses were inspected 
monthly and conditions reported. 

The work of the Fire Prevention Bureau during the 
past year has been carried out in a very satisfactory 
manner. The work of the inspectors attached to this 
bureau, by the rigid inspections made, has, no doubt, 
tended materially to lessen the fire loss. 

Mutual Aid. 

The department responded to thirty-three (33) alarms 
of fire outside of the city. The usual fine spirit of co- 



12 City Document No. 11. 

operation manifested by the cities and towns on our 
border or adjacent thereto was shown during the past 
year. 

Schools. 

Forty-two (42) recruits attended and passed the 
department drill school. 

Twenty-two (22) members received instructions in the 
engineer's school. Five members of the Lynn Fire 
Department, and one from the Lewiston, Me., depart- 
ment also attended and passed this school. 

Two hundred twenty-seven (227) members received 
instruction in the use and operation of the new high 
pressure hydrants. 

Fourteen (14) members were instructed in the care and 
operation of the high pressure pumping stations. 

One hundred seventeen (117) members attended and 
passed the motor pump school. This school was also 
attended by members of the fire departments of Lynn, 
Fall River and Beverly. 

One hundred ninety-two (192) members passed the 
chauffeurs' school. 

Ten captains attended the school of instruction con- 
ducted by the Insurance Library Association of Boston. 

One hundred seventy-five (175) members attended the 
course of lectures at the fire college of our department. 
This course was also attended by officers representing 
the fire departments of Salem, Quincy, Medford, 
Melrose and Lynn. 

Company Drills. 

1. The annual company drills at Headquarters com- 
menced September 21, 1921, and finished November 
22, 1921. Accuracy in the performance of each evolu- 
tion was the outstanding feature in these drills, hence 
the increase in time of performance over that of pre- 
vious years. The drills were, on the whole, very satis- 
factorily performed, the evolutions being as follows: 

1. Connect two lines, 100 feet each, from engine to deluge 
set. 

2. Connect two lines, 100 feet each, from engine to Morse 
gun. 

3. Raise 50-foot ladder to fourth floor window and dog 
same. 



Fire Department. 13 

4. Run 200 feet 2|-inch line over 50-foot ladder, up stair- 
way and show pipe out fifth floor window. 

5. Raise 30-foot ladder to fire escape, carry 17-foot roof 
ladder over same to story above. Dog 30-foot ladder. 

6. Run 250 feet 2^-inch line over 30-foot ladder, over fire 
escape to roof, 75 feet from ground. 

7. Take life line and haul 25-foot ladder to roof 75 feet 
from ground. 

8. Take life line, haul 200 feet 2|-inch hose to roof. 

9. Run 100 feet 2^-inch hose from engine, connect Morse 
gate and Bresnan nozzle. 

10. Connect chuck to hydrant (flexible suction) water to 
engine. 

2. The following pages show the result of the drill 
in which all companies participated, except the three 
fireboat crews. These tables show the list of com- 
panies drilling, the time consumed in each evolution, 
and time consumed by each company in completing 
all evolutions. 



14 



City Document No. 11. 















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15 



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City Document No. 11. 











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Fire Department. 



17 





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20 



City Document No. 11. 



Fire Prevention Week. 

During the week ending October 8, 1921, in addition 
to the usual inspections by district and company officers, 
a member from each engine and ladder company, in its 
subdistrict, inspected the cellars and yards of stores, 
and the cellars, stairways and roofs of dwelling houses 
containing three or more families with a view of causing 
the removal of combustible rubbish, obstructions to 
egress, etc. 

The inspectors attached to the Fire Prevention Bureau 
also made an intensive drive throughout the "High 
Value District" for the purpose of causing the removal 
of combustible rubbish, articles blocking egress and 
other simple but hazardous conditions tending to create 
a fire menace. 

Lectures on fire prevention were delivered by the 
officers of the department, also fire drills witnessed in 
the various public schools throughout the city. 

On Monday, October 10, 1921, Fire Prevention Day, 
at various intervals throughout the day, engine and 
ladder companies gave a short exhibition drill, after 
which one of the officers addressed the gathering on the 
value of fire prevention. In the evening an exhibition 
of the flood lights used by the department at night fires 
and a demonstration of the Magnavox — a new am- 
plifying device — was given at fire headquarters. 

Hydrants. 

The following is the number and type of hydrants in 
use for fire service January 31, 1922: 



Ordinary post 
Boston post 
Lowry 

Boston Lowry 
High Pressure 
Boston hydrant 
B. & F. post 
Chapman post 
Ludlow post 
Matthews post 
Coffin post . 

Total . 



4,091 

3,326 

1,441 

595 

310 

275 

262 

193 

*20 

* 4 

*1 

10,518 



* Hydrants located in the Hyde Park district. 



Fire Department. 21 



High Pressure System. 

On December 19, 1921, the high pressure system was 
put in service, with one pumping station completed, 
i. e., station No. 2, located in the substation of the 
Edison Electric Illuminating Company, Atlantic avenue, 
opposite Pearl street. 

On January 23, 1922, station No. 1, located in the 
Lincoln power station of the Boston Elevated Railway 
Company at Commercial and Battery streets, was 
completed and put in service. 

High pressure station 1 is equipped with two Worth- 
ington 3-stage centrifugal pumps, each directly con- 
nected to a Westinghouse steam turbine, 1,165 revolu- 
tions per minute, 175 pounds steam pressure. Each 
pump has a capacity of 3,000 gallons per minute at 300 
pounds pressure and 4,500 gallons per minute at 200 
pounds pressure. 

High pressure station 2 is equipped with two Worth- 
ington 4-stage centrifugal pumps, each directly con- 
nected to a 750 horse power, 235-volt, 2,580-ampere, 
1,000 revolutions per minute, direct-current Westing- 
house motor. Pump capacity of 3,000 gallons per 
minute at 300 pounds pressure and 4,500 gallons per 
minute at 200 pdunds pressure. 

The stations are under the general supervision of the 
deputy chief in charge of the Bureau of Supplies and 
Repairs. The superintendent of repairs has direct 
charge of maintenance and operation. Operation is in 
three shifts, with an engineer and an assistant on duty 
in each station. 

The system now has about twelve miles of pipe with 
three hundred ten (310) hydrants in service in the "High 
Value Section." The hydrants connected to the system 
are of a specially designed post type, opening against 
the pressure, with 6|-inch valve opening and 8-inch 
gated connection to main. Hydrants have four 2\- 
inch outlets with an independent gate on each. They 
are spaced on an average of 150 feet apart. 

Rules governing the operation of the system have been 
issued to the department in general orders; additional 
rules will be made as situations requiring them arise. 
Steam fire engines and motor pumpers respond to alarms 
from the high pressure district as formerly, but instruc- 
tions are for them not to approach within 300 feet of the 
building on fire if high pressure hydrants are available. 



22 City Document No. 11. 

Three high pressure hose wagons respond to alarms in 
the district but do not go outside the zone. 

On the evening of December 9, 1921, after the comple- 
tion of the acceptance tests of the pumps, a trial run was 
conducted to demonstrate the speed with which streams 
from turret nozzles could be put in operation on the fire 
grounds, and the fact that the system was ready for fire 
service. Box 1257, Atlantic avenue and State street, 
was pulled at 9.02.30. Fifteen seconds later the alarm 
began to come in at the pumping stations, and on com- 
pletion of the first round, 20 seconds later, one of the 
pumps was started at station 2. A pressure of 125 
pounds was obtained at 9.04, and at 9.05.45, three 
minutes and fifteen seconds after the box was pulled, 
water came from the turret nozzles on the wagons of 
Engine 8 and high pressure hose wagon of Fngine 25, 
which had responded with other apparatus. On receipt 
of orders, pressures at the station were successively 
raised to 150 and 175 pounds. 

With the installation of the high pressure system 
the fire protection in the congested value district has 
been very materially improved. 

Recommendations. 

Apparatus. 

I would recommend that the following amount of 
motor apparatus be purchased for the year commencing 
February 1, 1922: 

Engine Company 4, Bulfinch Street, City Proper. — One 
(1) 750-gallon motor-driven pumping engine to replace 
a horse-drawn steam fire engine and three (3) horses. 

Engine Company 6, Leverett Street, City Proper. — One 
(1) 1,000-gallon motor-driven pumping engine to replace 
a horse-drawn steam fire engine and three (3) horses. 

Engine Company 7, East Street, City Proper.- — One (1) 
1,000-gallon motor-driven pumping engine. One (1) 
combination hose and chemical — motor-driven. To 
replace a horse-drawn steam fire engine, hose wagon and 
five (5) horses. 

Engine Company 12, Dudley Street, Roxbury.— One (1) 
750-gallon motor-driven pumping engine. One motor- 
driven combination hose and chemical wagon. To 
replace a horse-drawn steam fire engine, hose wagon 
and five (5) horses. 

Engine Company 13, Cabot Street, Roxbury. — One (1) 
750-gallon motor-driven pumping engine. One (1) 



Fire Department. 23 

motor-driven combination hose and chemical wagon. 
To replace a horse-drawn steam fire engine, hose wagon 
and five (5) horses. 

Engine Company 24, Warren Street, Roxbury. — One (1) 
750-gallon motor-driven pumping engine. One (1) 
motor-driven combination hose and chemical wagon. To 
replace a horse-drawn steam fire engine, hose wagon and 
five (5) horses. 

Engine Company 29, Chestnut Hill Avenue, Brighton. — 
One (1) 750-gallon motor-driven pumping engine. One 
(1) motor-driven combination hose and chemical wagon. 
To replace a horse-drawn steam fire engine, hose wagon 
and five (5) horses. 

Engine Company 34, Western Avenue, Brighton. — One 
(1) 750-gallon motor-driven pumping engine, to replace 
a horse-drawn steam fire engine, horse-drawn hose wagon 
and five (5) horses. 

Ladder Company 2, Paris Street, East Boston. — One (1) 
tractor drawn 75-foot aerial ladder truck to replace a 
horse-drawn box truck and three (3) horses. 

Ladder Company 9, Main Street, Charlestown. — One (1) 
tractor drawn 75-foot aerial ladder truck to replace a 
horse-drawn box truck and three (3) horses. 

Ladder Company 23, Washington Street, Grove Hall. — 
One (1) tractor drawn 75-foot aerial ladder truck to 
replace a horse-drawn city service ladder truck and 
three (3) horses. 

Ladder Company 27, Walnut Street, Nep onset. — One 
(1) motor-driven city service ladder truck to replace a 
horse-drawn city service ladder truck and three horses. 

Reserve Apparatus. 
Two (2) motor-driven pumping engines. 
Three (3) motor-driven combination hose and chemical 
cars. 

One (1) tractor drawn 75-foot aerial ladder truck. 
One (1) motor-driven city service ladder truck. 

Fire Stations. 
I would recommend that the main floors of the fol- 
lowing fire stations wherein motor apparatus is quartered 
be fireproof ed: 

District No. 1. Engine Company 11, Ladder Company 21, 

one house. 
District No. 2. Engine Company 36, Ladder Company 22, 

one house. 



District No. 
District No. 

District No. 


5. 
6. 

7. 


District No. 


8. 


District No. 


9. 


District No. 


10. 


District No. 


12. 


District No. 


13. 


District No. 


15. 



24 City Document No. 11. 

Ladder Company 17. 

Engine Company 2. 

Engine Company 22, Ladder Company 13, 

one house. 
Ladder Company 12. 
Engine Company 37, Ladder Company 26, 

one house. 
Engine Company 21. 
Engine Company 23. 
Engine Company 17. 
Ladder Company 7. 
Engine Company 42, Ladder Company 30, 

one house. 
Ladder Company 23, Chemical Company 5, 

one house. 
Engine Company 45, Ladder Company 16, 

one house. 
Engine Company 19. 
Engine Company 48, Ladder Company 28, 

one house. 

In addition to the above I would recommend that the 
quarters of Engine Company 4 be remodeled in antici- 
pation of motor apparatus being installed therein. At 
present the high pressure hose wagon — motor-driven — 
is quartered there, but the construction of the quarters 
is not up to the regulations. 

High Pressure Fire Service. 

I would recommend that the work of completing the 
high pressure system be carried on as rapidly as funds 
will permit. At the present time the system protects 
about 66 f per cent of the congested value district. With 
the completion of the remaining 33 f per cent of the high 
pressure service this section should be adequately pro- 
tected against the spread of fire. 

In conclusion, I wish to extend my thanks for the 
co-operation given me by the Boston Police Department, 
the Boston Protective Department, and to all other 
departments and corporations which rendered assistance 
at various times during the past year. 

To the members of the department I wish to express 
my appreciation for the loyal and efficient manner in 
which they performed their several duties. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Peter E. Walsh, 

Chief of Department. 



Fire Department. 25 



FIRE ALARM BRANCH. 



From: The Superintendent of Fire Alarm Branch. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report of Fire Alarm Branch. 

I respectfully submit the following report of the Fire 
Alarm Branch for the fiscal year ending January 31, 1922 : 

OPERATING DIVISION. 

(Note. — The records of this division are for the 
calendar year 1921.) 

Box Alarms Received and Transmitted. 

First alarms 2,340 

Second alarms 42 

Third alarms 14 

Fourth alarms 3 



2,399 



(Note. — Including six alarms dispatching aid to 
outside cities and towns.) 

Box Alarms Received and Not Transmitted. 

Same box received two or more times for same fire . 211 

Adjacent boxes received for same fire .... 219 



430 

Received from boxes but transmitted as stills . . 9 

Still Alarms Received and Transmitted. 

Received from citizens (by telephone) .... 1,394 

Received from police department (by telephone) . 252 

Received from fire department stations (by telephone) , 1 ,094 
Received by telephone for which box alarms were 

later transmitted 155 

Received from department boxes, transmitted as stills, 9 
Mutual Aid — adjacent cities and towns, classed as 

stills _ 28 

Emergency services, classed as stills .... 53 

2,940 



26 City Document No. 11, 



Automatic Alarms. 

Boston Automatic Company, transmitted by company 

to department stations 142 

Department box alarms transmitted in connections 
with same; before automatic alarm 5, after auto- 
matic, 7 . 12 

A. D. T. Company received at this office ... 46 

Department boxes transmitted in connection with 
same, before the A. D. T. alarm, 9; after the 
A. D. T. alarm, 6 ........ 15 

A. D. T alarms transmitted by this office ... 37 

Summary of Alarms. 

Box alarms, including multiples . . . . . 2,829 

Still alarms, all classes 2,940 

Boston Automatic Company, alarms .... 142 

A. D. T. Company, alarms 46 

Total received from all sources .... 5,957 

Exclude following duplications: 

Box alarms received and not transmitted . . . 430 

Still alarms for which department box alarms were 

transmitted 155 

Boston Automatic Company, alarms for which depart- 
ment box alarms were transmitted .... 12 

A. D. T. Company, alarms for which department box 

alarms were transmitted 15 

Total duplications eliminated 612 

Total of alarms with duplications eliminated and to 

which department apparatus responded . . . 5,34 5 

Fire Alarm Box Records. 

Boxes from which no alarms were received . . . 513 

Box test and inspections 10,310 

All keyless doors are tested weekly. 



CONSTRUCTION DIVISION. 

Exterior Work. 

Fifty-five thousand three hundred and fifty-five 
(55,355) feet of cable was hauled into underground ducts 
for extension of service and to make possible the removal 



Fire Department. 27 

of overhead wires, and about thirty-six hundred (3,600) 
feet of cable was installed to replace defective cable. 

Thirty-three (33) new box posts; four (4) large cable 
test posts; two (2) small test posts and two (2) special 
combination posts for traffic bells and cable terminals 
were installed. 

Three (3) box posts were moved to new locations and 
thirteen (13) box posts and four (4) test posts were 
replaced with new posts. 

Seven thousand three hundred and forty-eight (7,348) 
feet of ducts were laid underground, and nine (9) man- 
holes and one (1) handhole were built. 

About eight (8) miles of new wire was run, principally 
to replace defective wire. Approximately eighteen (18) 
miles of old line wire was removed from poles. 

Twenty-one (21) new fire alarm boxes (additional) 
were installed, eighteen (18) of which are public boxes. 
All fire alarm boxes were painted. 

High Pressure Signal System. 

A circuit connecting jack has been placed in each fire 
alarm box in the high pressure zone, and these jacks are 
connected into two special circuits running to the fire 
alarm office. Each chief officer in the department has 
been equipped with portable telephone and telegraph 
sets by which they may communicate with headquarters. 

A special signal circuit connects the two pumping 
stations to the fire alarm office. On these special 
circuits, visual and audible signals are transmitted and 
all signals are automatically recorded. 

Interior Construction. 

One high pressure pumping station has been wired 
for light, heat and signals, and the other for lights and 
signals. Three department stations were re-wired com- 
pletely, and many changes and additions have been 
made to the wiring in other stations. 

Recommendations. 

It is recommended that about the usual amount of 
underground construction be done this coming year. 
Many new fire alarm boxes are needed and should be 
installed. The red light system should be considerably 
extended — at least one hundred additional lights were 



28 City Document No. 11. 

promised by the Public Works Department for 1921, but 
only a few of the promised number were installed. 

Consideration should be immediately given to the 
construction of a new fire alarm office. There is practi- 
cally no spare apparatus in the present office equipment 
for the extension of the system. Requirements of the 
National Board of Underwriters cannot be complied 
with because there is no room for expansion. 

Considerable time and care must be given to the study 
and investigation of such a project; the location and 
type of building; the kind of apparatus to be used; the 
method of new outside connections, etc., will require 
serious and earnest consideration, and preparations 
should be begun at the earliest possible moment to 
accomplish this object. 

I recommend that a new telephone system be installed 
to replace the present system. There is no question but 
that a new system would be considerably more efficient 
than the present one, and in addition to this fact, more 
than two hundred (200) miles of wire now used for tele- 
phone service would be available for fire alarm purposes. 

I believe that the use of wireless telephones would be 
of considerable benefit if apparatus were installed in the 
fire alarm office and on the fire boats. With this outfit 
the boats could always be communicated with irrespec- 
tive of their position. 

Undergeound Cables Installed. 
East Boston. 
Bennington street, Breed street to Blackin- 

ton street . . . . 
Meridian street, Condor street to bridge 

Charlestown. 
Warren avenue and Rutherford avenue, 

Front street to Devens street 
Rutherford avenue and Cambridge street, 

Chapman street to railroad bridge 
Chapman street, Rutherford avenue to 

Lynde street 

Warren Bridge, submarine cable . 

City Proper. 

Commercial street, Richmond street to Bat- 
tery street 

State street, Commercial street to Kilby 
street . . . 



Cond. 

6 
4 


Feet. 

1,050 
1,800 


6 


1,466 


6 


5,385 


6 
19 


661 

280 


10 


2,040 


10 


850 





29 


Cond. 


Feet. 


10 


210 


10 


2,300 


10 


1,264 


6 


524 


4 
37 
20 
10 


440 

80 

235 

866 



Fire Department. 



Tremont street, Eliot street to Van Rensse- 
laer place 

Providence and Berkeley streets, Park square 
to Newbury street 

Atlantic avenue, Pearl street to Congress 
street, Congress street, Purchase street to 
Dorchester Avenue . . . . • . 

West and Mason streets, Engine house 26-35 
to Washington street 

Clarendon street, Stuart street to Stanhope 
street 

Post and building connections 

Post and building connections 

Post and building connections 

Post and building connections ... 6 419 

South Boston. 
Post connection ...... 10 25 

Dorchester. 

Fremont street, Blue Hill avenue to Babson 

street, Babson street, Fremont street to 

Engine house 19 

Roach street, Dorchester avenue to Pleasant 

street 

River street, Blue Hill avenue to Malta 

street 

Neponset avenue, Victory road to Walnut 

street 

Savin Hill avenue, Dorchester avenue to 

Pleasant street 

Post and pole connections .... 
Post and pole connections . 
Post and pole connections .... 
Post and pole connections .... 

Hyde Park. 
Harvard avenue and Maple street, Engine 48, 

house to Oak street 6 450 

River street, Gordon avenue to Perkins 

avenue 6 833 

Roxbury. 
Centre and Highland streets, Columbus ave- 
nue to Marcella street 6 1,063 

Post and pole connections .... 10 295 

Post and pole connections .... 6 55 

Post and pole connections .... 4 60 



37 


610 


10 


532 


10 


1,759 


10 


5,875 


4 


700 


19 


135 


10 


125 


6 


686 


4 


235 



30 City Document No. 11. 



Jamaica Plain and West Roxbury. 



Cond. Feet. 



Washington street, Kittredge street to 

La Grange street 10 7,003 

Beech street, Washington street to Orange 

street 6 1,463 

La Grange street, Centre street to Chapin 

avenue 6 786 

Centre street, Spring street to Cass street, 6 1,363 

Belgrade avenue, Walworth street to Pine- 
hurst street 6 1,330 

Post and pole connections .... 10 320 

Post and pole connections .... 6 252 

Post and pole connections .... 4 554 

Brighton. 
Chestnut Hill avenue, Wallingford road to 

Commonwealth avenue .... 10 2,711 

South street and Commonwealth avenue, 

Chestnut Hill avenue to Foster street . 6 1,246 

Wallingford road, Chestnut Hill avenue to 

Commonwealth avenue .... 6 2,207 

Kilsyth and Lanark roads, Colliston road to 

Sutherland road 4 1,140 

Brighton avenue and St. Luke's road, Chester 

street to Commonwealth avenue . . 4 1,377 

Post and pole connections .... 10 225 

Post and pole connections .... 4 70 

Fike Alarm Box Posts Installed with Duct Lengths. 

East Boston. 

Saratoga and Swift streets 00 

City Proper. 
Shawmut avenue and Cobb street .... 14 

Berkeley street and St. James avenue .... 103 

South Boston. 
Dorchester avenue near Old Colony avenue . . 12 

Dorchester. 

Hancock and Jerome streets. (Two ducts) . . 37 

Hancock street opposite Bowdoin street. (Two ducts) , 34 

Hancock street opposite Trull street .... 16 

Park and Marlowe streets 123 

Washington and Normandy streets .... 20 

Blue Hill avenue and Almont street .... 36 

Babson and Tremont streets 50 



Fire Department. 



31 



River and Malta streets . 
Pleasant and Roach streets 



Hyde Park. 
River street and Perkins avenue 

Roxbury. 
Ruggles and Halleck streets . 
Sterling street at Madison square . 
Brookline avenue and Fullerton street . 
Huntington and Parker Hill avenues . 
Huntington and South Huntington avenues 
South Huntington avenue and Heath street 
South Huntington avenue, opposite No. 200 
South Huntington avenue and Bynner street 
Highland and Marcella streets . . . 

Jamaica Plain. 
Washington street, near Arborway . 
Hampstead road, opposite No. 26 . 

West Roxbury. 
Belgrade avenue and Pinehurst street . 
Centre and Cass streets 

Brighton. 
Chestnut Hill avenue and South street 
Commonwealth avenue and Foster street 
Commonwealth avenue and Wallingford road 
Commonwealth avenue and Allston street . 
Commonwealth avenue and St. Luke's road 
Sutherland and Lanark roads .... 



Feet. 

19 
31 



28 



11 
44 
122 
23 
22 
16 
14 
22 
5 



6 
14 



29 
38 



5 

100 

37 

20 

138 

33 



Fire Alarm Box Posts Reset. 

Clarendon and Stuart streets (new location) ... 36 

Charles and Mt. Vernon streets (new location) . . 45 

Huntington avenue and Louis Prang street (new loca- 
tion) . 
Commonwealth avenue and Clarendon street (broken by auto) . 
Charter and Salem streets (broken by auto) . 
Boylston and Arlington streets (account of new subway) . 
Franklin and Federal streets (broken by truck) . 
Cooper and Endicott streets (broken by truck) . 
Berkeley and Marlboro streets (broken by truck). 
Tremont and School streets (broken by truck) . 
North and Cross streets (broken by truck) . 
Brattle street, opposite Quincy House (broken by truck). 
Dorchester avenue and Adams street (broken by truck). 



32 



City Document No. 11, 



Park and Henley streets (broken by truck) . 

Columbus avenue and New Heath street (account new grade). 

Dorchester and Savin Hill avenues (broken by auto). 



New Cable Test Posts Installed. 

Kneeland street, near Washington street, 5 ducts 
Brattle street, near Washington street, 5 ducts 
Pearl and Milk streets, 5 ducts 
Atlantic avenue and Edison alley, 3 ducts . 
Centre and Moraine streets, 2 ducts 
Warren avenue and Front street, 1 duct 



Feet 

21 
31 
10 
65 
15 
30 



New Combination Cable and Bell Posts Installed. 

Washington and Summer streets, 2 ducts ... 29 

Court street, opposite Hanover street, 2 ducts . . 29 

New Test Posts Replacing Old Posts. 

Richmond and Commercial streets, city proper. 
Washington and Dale streets, Roxbury. 
Warren and Dudley streets, Roxbury. 
Leonard and Adams streets, Dorchester. 



New Conduits. 

Bristol street, Harrison avenue to headquarters, 4 

ducts 

Highland street, Centre to Marcella street . 
Fremont street, Blue Hill avenue to Babson street 
Babson street, Fremont street to Engine 19 house 
Chestnut Hill avenue, South street to Commonwealth 

avenue 

Wallingford road, Leamington road to Commonwealth 
avenue 

Building Connections. 



House of Good Shepherd . 
Engine 19 house 
High Pressure Station No. 
High Pressure Station No. 



1, 2 ducts extended 
2 



New Pole Connections with Duct Lengths. 

Bennington street, opposite Blackinton street 

Centre street and Lochstead avenue 

Centre and Eliot streets . 

Harris avenue, near Centre street . 

Huntington and Parker Hill avenues 

River and Malta streets . 

Blue Hill avenue and Fremont street 



352 
567 
364 
171 

804 

435 



126 
25 
74 

210 



74 

122 

145 

8 

156 

30 

10 



Fire Department. 



33 



Kilsyth and Colliston roads 

Union street, near Winship street (extended) 
Homestead street, near Walnut avenue (extended) 

Manholes Rebuilt. 

Chestnut Hill avenue, two. 
Highland street, three. 
Fremont street, one 
Wallingford road, two. 
Babson street, two. 

Ducts Abandoned. 

Pole Connections 
Bennington and Breed streets 
Rutherford avenue and Chapman street 
Front street, near Warren avenue . 
Centre street and Harris avenue 
South street, near Anson street 
Centre street and Columbus avenue 
River street, near Blue Hill avenue 
River street at Everett square 
River street, near Gordon avenue . 
River and West streets 
Chestnut Hill avenue and Wallingford road 
Chestnut Hill avenue, near South street, 2 connections, 

Post Connections. 

River and Charles streets 

Stanhope street and Trinity place 



Feet. 

105 
151 
134 



58 
23 
10 
92 
20 
10 

164 
55 
20 
67 
95 

174 



40 
160 



Public Fire Alarm Boxes Established. 

Box. 

1538. Berkeley street and St. James avenue. 

2335. Ruggles and Halleck streets. 

243. Jamaicaway and Lochstead avenue. 

2464. Washington street, near Arborway. 

2468. Call and Boynton streets. 

2476. Eliot and Dane streets. 

2611. Belgrade avenue and Pinehurst street. 

3198. Washington and Normandy streets. 

3294. Park and Waldeck streets. 

3547. Blue Hill avenue and Almont street. 

438. Bunker Hill and Elm streets. 

5115. Commonwealth avenue and St. Lukes road. 

5136. Commonwealth avenue and Allston street. 

5142. Allston street and Boulevard terrace. 

5176. Commonwealth avenue and Foster street. 

5293. Dunboy and Hardwick streets. 



34 



City Document No. 11. 



Box. 



7231. Dorchester avenue, near Old Colony avenue. 
7417. East Eighth and Old Harbor streets. 



672. 



Public School Boxes Established. 
Curtis Guild School, Ashley street. 



Private Boxes Established. 

375. St. Raphael's Parochial School, Oak street. 
2214. Lenox street carhouse — Boston Elevated Railway Co. 

Public Boxes Relocated. 

1547. From Stanhope street and Trinity place to Clarendon 
and Stuart streets. 

2336. From Parker and Louis Prang streets to Huntington 
avenue and Louis Prang street. 



Fire Alarm Boxes in Service. 

Total number 

Owned by the Fire Department . . . . 
Owned by the Schoolhouse Department 
Owned by the Auxiliary Fire Alarm Company . 
Privately owned 



1,237 

872 

206 

64 

95 



Department Boxes. 

On fire alarm box posts . . . . . . . 466 

On poles 383 

On buildings 19 

Inside buildings . 4 

Equipped with keyless doors (bell-ringing attachment) 818 

Equipped with keyless doors (glass guards) ... 47 

Equipped with key doors ...... 7 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments* .... 14 

Designated by red lights . 429 

Schoolhouse Boxes. 

On fire alarm box posts 21 

On poles 15 

On buildings 101 

Inside of buildings 69 

Equipped with keyless doors 149 

Equipped with key doors 57 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments .... 160 

Designated by red lights 20 

* With auxilary connection to schoolhouses. 



Fiee Depaetment. 35 

Auxiliary Fire Alarm Company Boxes. 

On poles 6 

On buildings 21 

Inside of buildings 37 

Equipped with keyless doors 9 

Equipped with key doors 55 

Private Boxes. 

On poles . 7 

On buildings 24 

Inside of buildings 64 

Equipped with keyless doors ....... 14 

Equipped with key doors 81 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments .... 2 

Classification of Fire Alarm Boxes. 

Academies 4 

Armory 1 

Asylums 4 

Carhouses 5 

Cemetery 1 

Church 1 

City Yard 2 

Homes for aged people 19 

Hospitals 2 

Hotels 5 

Manufacturing plants ....... 26 

Museum 1 

Navy Yard 6 

Office buildings 3 

Police station 1 

Power stations 5 

Prison 1 

Public Hall . . . 1 

Pumping station . 1 

Railroad shops 4 

Railroad stations 5 

Railroad yards 12 

Retail stores 5 

Restaurant 1 

Schoolhouses (public) 206 

Schoolhouses (parochial) ....... 2 

Stock yards 2 

Street boxes (public) * 863 

Theatres 28 

Warehouses 8 

Wharves 9 

Wholesale houses . . . . . . . . . 3 

* About one hundred schoolhouses and private boxes are accessible to the public but 
are not counted as street boxes. 



36 



City Document No. 11. 



Posts and Cable Test Boxes. 
Fire alarm box posts in service 
Fire alarm box posts set, not in service 
Test posts in service (large size) 
Test posts in service (small size) 
Pole test boxes in service 



487 

12 

69 

8 

207 



Circuits. 

Box circuits 65 

Tapper circuits 14 

Gong circuits 13 

Special signal circuits . 3 

Telephone circuits in department system ... 52 
Telephone circuits to Beach Exchange — New Eng- 
land Telephone and Telegraph Company . . 9 
Telephone circuits to Back Bay Exchange — New 

England Telephone and Telegraph Company . . 1 

Telephone circuits — • special — to Police Headquarters, 1 

Telephone circuits — special — to A. D. T. Co., office, 1 
Telephone circuits — special — to Edison Electric 

Illuminating Company 1 

Telephone circuits — special — to Boston Automatic 

Fire Alarm Company 1 

Telephone connections to Boston Protective Company, 1 



Wires, Cables and Conduits 

Line wire in service .... 

Aerial cable in service .... 

Conductors in the same 

Aerial cable conductors in service 

Underground cable in service 

Conductors in the same 

Underground conductors in service . 

Conduits owned by the Fire Department 

Ducts in Fire Department conduits . 

Ducts in New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company, system, used by Fire Depart 
ment 

Ducts in Postal Telegraph Company system, 
used by Fire Department 



224 miles 

26 miles 

154 miles 

106 miles 

160 miles 

2,322 miles 

1,246 miles 

65,938 feet 

83,311 feet 



584,378 feet 
5,717 feet 



Fire Alarm Apparatus. 

Tappers in service 

Boston tappers in adjacent cities and towns . 
Tappers connected to adjacent city and town systems 
in Boston Fire Department stations .... 

Gongs in service 

Registers in service, — other than fire alarm office 
Relays in service, — other than fire alarm office . 
Telephones in department system 



149 
6 

5 

112 

30 

21 

151 



Fire Department. 



37 



Public Clocks. 

Because of a serious fire in the Old State House the 
clock movement in that building had to be removed 
and thoroughly overhauled and a new dial installed. 

The dials of the tower clocks in the steeples of the 
Old North Church (four dials), the Old South Church 
(two dials), the West Roxbury Congregational Church 
(two dials) and the Baker Memorial Church, Upham's 
Corner (four dials) had all broken parts replaced and 
were painted at a cost, for all of them, of $551.60, 
excluding labor of our own force. 

The tower clock in the Charles Street Church, which 
was out of service, on account of building construction 
for several months, was overhauled and repaired by our 
own force and again put in service. 

In addition to the above, fifty reports of minor troubles 
in other public clocks were attended by our force. 



Summary of Work Done. 

New line used . 43,870 feet 

Old wire removed from poles .... 95,400 feet 

Aerial cable installed 8,240 feet 

Conductors in the same 37,710 feet 

Aerial cable removed from service . . . 1,450 feet 

Conductors in the same 15,900 feet 

Underground cable installed in ducts of New 
England Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany 40,449 feet 

Conductors in the same 319,466 feet 

Underground cable installed in Fire Department 

ducts . . 12,726 feet 

Conductors in the same 120,539 feet 

Underground cable in Postal Telegraph Com- 
pany ducts 1,364 feet 

Conductors in the same 8, 184 feet 

Submarine cable installed 816 feet 

Conductors in the same 7,464 feet 

Total underground cable installed (new work) 55,355 feet 

Conductors in the same 455, 653 feet 

Cable used to replace defective cable . . 3,613 feet 

Conductors in the same 135,078 feet 

Underground cable removed .... 2,855 feet 

Conductors in the same 15,610 feet 

Conduits laid by the department . . . 5,596 feet 

Ducts in same 7,348 feet 

Ducts abandoned 988 feet 

Manholes built 9 

Handholes built ........ 1 



38 City Document No. 11. 

Fire alarm boxes installed by this department, 18 
Fire alarm boxes installed by Schoolhouse De- 
partment 1 

Fire alarm boxes installed on private property, 2 

Fire alarm box posts set ...... 33 

Fire alarm box posts relocated .... 3 

Fire alarm box posts reset or replaced by new, 13 

Fire alarm test posts set — large type . . 4 

Fire alarm test posts set — small type . . 4 

Fire alarm pole test boxes installed ... 17 

George L. Fickett, 
Superintendent of Fire Alarm. 



Fiee Department. 39 

BUREAU OF SUPPLIES AND REPAIRS. 

February 1, 1922. 
From: The First Deputy Chief. 

To: The Acting Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report, 1921-22. 

The following presentation of the activities of the 
various branches connected with the Bureau of Supplies 
and Repairs for the fiscal year 1921-1922 is herewith 
submitted : 

Motor Apparatus Repairs — Bureau Shops. 

Number of jobs performed 4,606 

Cost of labor and material on above . . . $51,152 

This work consisted of all character of repairs on all 
types of motor-driven apparatus in the department, in 
many cases the entire mechanism being renewed or 
completely overhauled. It is to be noted here that in 
the repair of motor apparatus possessed by this depart- 
ment, for the most part very complicated, our Bureau 
forces handled the same in a most capable manner. 

Motor Apparatus Repairs — Outside Concerns. 

Number of jobs performed 410 

Cost of labor and material on above . . . $4,202 

Not possessing adequate facilities for the proper 
maintenance and repair of certain elements which go to 
make a motor vehicle, it was found necessary to resort 
to outside concerns for repairs, this work consisting of 
repairs to springs, fenders, windshields, wheels, magnetos, 
storage batteries, tires, innertubes, carburetors, electric 
horns, switches, etc. 

Note. — All of our motor-driven apparatus has been 
through our shops for repairs or general overhauling — 
in some instances more than once. 

Emergency Motor Squads. 

We have assigned from our fire-fighting forces some 
ten members who render night and day service and are 
known as Squads No. 1 and No. 2. These men have 



40 City Document No. 11. 

proven their ability to cope with most any condition 
which might exist in the operation and re-establishment 
of service in our motor-driven or horse-drawn apparatus. 
I know of no condition existing in the year 1921 in which 
they have failed to accomplish the task which they set 
out to perform. 

New Motor Equipment. 

The following new motor equipment were contracted 
for and received during the fiscal year 1921-1922: 

American LaF ranee. 
Six (6) type No. 75 750 gallons' capacity pump and hose cars. 
Two (2) type No. 12 1,000 gallons' capacity pump and hose cars. 
One (1) type No. 17 four-wheel tractor. 

Note. — All additions are placed on these apparatus by our 
shop forces in accordance with our standards. 

Buick. 
Two (2) five-passenger touring cars for deputy chiefs. 
Four (4) roadsters for district chiefs. 

White. 
One (1) f-ton truck for repair shop service.. 

Ford. 
Four (4) roadsters for emergency motor squad and shop 
service. 

To my mind, the major principle involved in obtaining 
maximum efficiency for apparatus and equipment is 
standardization of type and class. 

Motor Pump School. 

The establishment of a motor pump school in this 
department is, as far as I am aware, the first school of 
its type in the country. Many members of the depart- 
ment have already attended in small groups, as it was 
found that more practical training could be given, and 
more individual instruction given where the classes were 
not so large. In addition to our own men, we have had 
as observers many members of outside fire departments. 

Classes were conducted during the open weather, 
and will be resumed as soon as conditions warrant. 

The men trained in this art have proved their efficiency 
many times over in the operation of our motor pumps, 



Fire Department. 41 

especially during the extremely cold weather, which, in 
itself, is a most severe test. This being an innovation, 
the men under instruction have grasped the most 
intricate details with astonishing ease, and it tends to 
give confidence to the timid, and develops poise in the 
operator. 

Information has been sought, on many occasions, by 
outside sources, who have come to realize the important 
part to be played by motor pumps in the extinguish- 
ment of fires. It is gratifying to know that, with this 
instruction we have developed a method by which a 
motor pump functions on all of its cylinders, rather 
than only a few, resulting in undeveloped operation. 

Chauffeurs' School. 

Under the direction of our Instructor of Motor Appar- 
atus about two hundred officers and men have been 
given a thorough course of training in the care and 
operation of motor- vehicles. Completing their course 
with the instructor, the men are turned over to the 
Engineer of Motor Apparatus for final test and approval, 
thus checking up their qualifications. In a vast majority 
of cases, excellent results have been obtained in the 
adoption of this practice. 

Motor Vehicle Inspection. 

Periodic inspection of each piece of motor apparatus 
in service is conducted by our Engineer of Motor Appar- 
atus, he planning the time for inspection from the chauf- 
feurs' reports which are received at this Bureau from 
time to time. Again, more frequent inspection is made 
of apparatus which have been subjected to exception- 
ally severe service. His findings are submitted to the 
First Deputy Chief, in charge of this bureau who, in 
turn forwards them to headquarters, from which source 
orders are issued for the correction of any defects which 
may exist. 

In connection with the inspection of motor apparatus, 
all drive chains and anti-skid chains were inspected by 
a man detailed from this bureau for that purpose. 

The Engineer of Motor Apparatus, in addition to his 
duties specified above, responds to multiple alarms of 
fire, at which time he notes particularly the workings 
of the various motor pumps in action. 



42 City Document No. 11. 

Testing of New Apparatus Before Acceptance. 

All of the apparatus purchased during the year was 
subjected to most severe tests in hill climbing, road 
work, turning radius and reverse movements. Cylinder 
compression tests by means of a gauge were made on 
all motors. Representatives of the makers, members 
of our department, and, in some instances, interested 
outside fire department officials have been present at 
these tests. 

Miscellaneous. 

. With a view towards eliminating unnecessary delay 
by our apparatus in response to alarms of fire, we sub- 
mitted sample of gasoline supplied this department under 
contract, to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
where a comparative analysis was made with the latest 
specifications of the National Committee on Standardiza- 
tion of Petroleum Specifications, and needless to say, 
resulted favorably. 

In an experimental test we ascertained the relative 
superiority of the cord constructed pneumatic auto- 
mobile tire over that of the fabric constructed type. In 
order that we might arrive at a proper basis for compar- 
ison, we equipped six of our passenger type cars with 
cord tires of the most standard makes — five tires and 
innertubes for each car. A complete record of gasoline 
consumption, oil used, mileage made, and other data 
incidental to proper conclusions, were kept by the 
drivers. It is our desire to eliminate, so far as it is 
possible, the time lost in changing tires brought about 
through punctures, blowouts and imperfect construction. 

We also equipped one of our motor combination hose 
and chemical cars with cord pneumatic tires in order to 
establish a comparision in the maintenance between 
that type and the solid tire equipment. 

Repairs to Horse-drawn Equipment and Apparatus 
(Our Shops). 

Number of jobs performed 619 

Cost of labor and material on above .... $4,983 

Included in the above cost were the overhauling and 
repairing of steam fire engines, replacing of band brakes, 
repairing and replacing of springs, the renewal of channel 
irons and solid butt end tires, and repairs to service 
ladders. 



Fire Department. 43 

Among the minor renewals and repairs coming within 
the scope of the above figures were the following : ladder 
rungs, axe handles, sledge hammer and rake handles, 
sharpening axes, repairs to harnesses, life belts, hose 
lines and fire hats. 



Repairs to Horse-drawn Equipment (Outside 

Concerns). 

Number of jobs performed 187 

Cost of labor and material on above .... $3,899 

The above expenditure covers the repair and renewal 
of shutoff nozzles, chucks, suctions, extinguishers, coup- 
lings, etc., due to the fact that our shop does not contain 
the proper facilities for handling the same. 

The upkeep of various department buildings was 
cared for by our corps of carpenters, painters, plumbers 
and steamfitters. Among other things, about two 
hundred twenty-seven lights of glass were reset, and worn 
sashes replaced with new ones. The necessary stock 
used in this work was obtained from reliable outside 
sources. 

The cost of the above work is indicated in the follow- 
ing: 

Number of jobs performed 1,260 

Cost of labor and material on above . . . . $31,511 

When it was found that a repair job could not be 
handled by members of our force, the work was done 
by outside concerns. 

The cost of this work follows: 

Number of jobs performed 77 

Cost of labor and material on above .... $4,933 

During the year material to the amount of $641 was 
supplied to various fire companies in the department for 
minor repairs to quarters to be performed by members 
of those companies who were particularly qualified to do 
the work. 

At a cost of $3,540, mattresses and pillows were 
renovated and remade, chairs recaned, and new window 
shades furnished by outside concerns. Repairs to 
furniture is also included in this figure. 



44 



City Document No. 11. 



Furnishings Purchased. 



726 yards roller towelling. 
56 dozen linen sheets. 
14 pillows. 
21 bedsteads. 



50 dozen linen pillow slips. 
100 bedspreads. 
14 mattresses. 
189 chairs. 



50 pairs blankets. 



Hose Data. 
Hose Purchased and Condemned During Year. 



Purchased. 


Feet. 


Condemned. 


Feet. 


Leading cotton . 
Chemical . 
1-inch deck 
4-inch rubber suction 


20,900 
500 
225 
40^ 


Leading cotton . 
Leading rubber . 
Chemical . 
1-inch deck 
Deluge . . . 
3-inch flexible suction 
4-inch rubber suction 

Total . 


11,650 
250 
450 
225 

25 
200 

62 


Total . 


21,665| 




12,862 


Hose in Use and in 


Store During Year. 




In Use. 


Feet. 


In Store. 


Feet. 


Leading cotton . 

Leading rubber . 

Chemical . 

1-inch deck 

4-inch rubber suction 

3-inch flexible suction 

Deluge 


127,966 

1,750 

18,800 

900 

1,428 

612| 

662| 


Leading cotton . 

Chemical 

3-inch flexible suction 

25-inch rubber suction 

4-inch rubber suctipn 

Deluge 

Total . 


7,700 

400 

25 

40 

112 

25 


8,302 


Total . 


152,119 




Paint 


Shop. 





In order that we might guard against the rapid depre- 
ciation of our fire-fighting apparatus, we have inaugu- 
rated in our paint shop an "endless-chain" system of 
apparatus painting. By this method we are enabled at 
all times to display, aside from a rugged, workable piece 
of apparatus, an attractive piece of apparatus. 

Our house-painting forces have done much to prolong 
the life of our many department quarters, as it has been 
found more economical to apply an additional coat of 
paint here and there than to allow the property in 
question disintegrate to such a degree as to require 
complete rebuilding. In this manner a great saving 
has been effected. 



Fire Department. 45 

Clothing Division. 

In addition to the regular duties incumbent upon the 
members of the hose and harness shop of this Bureau, 
certain of these individuals are now engaged in the 
marking and distribution of uniform clothing which is 
furnished gratis to the members of this department. 

Uniform parts of clothing are carefully examined, and 
if the same are found to be completely worn, orders are 
issued to the manufacturer holding the contract to 
furnish new parts. In this manner the men always 
appear neat, as the clothing and parts must conform to 
the provisions of specifications laid down in General 
Orders, thus making all uniform standard. 

In due course the uniform overcoats are concentrated 
at District Headquarters, where they are examined 
preparatory to cold storage in accordance with a schedule 
established by the Committee on Clothing, composed 
of officers of the department. 

Storeroom. 

The installation of metal bins and compartments has 
done much to eliminate the loss of time in the selection 
of material located in the said bins. This is particularly 
true in emergencies when goods must be obtained at a 
moment's notice. Incidental to the installation of the 
said bins and compartments, much useless material has 
been disposed of and also much material has been sal- 
vaged for future use. 

In connection with the metal bins and compartments 
above mentioned, stock cards are attached to each bin, 
from which one may readily ascertain the contents of 
each bin, thus assuring us of an ample stock on hand at 
all times, and eliminating the possibility of a shortage 
of any one commodity. 

Machine Shop. 
The purchase of a Brown & Sharpe Universal Milling 
Machine, a bench drill and a motor-driven valve-grinding 
machine, has not alone reduced our operating costs to an 
appreciable extent, but has resulted in the turning out of 
a finer grade of work. With the use of the machines 
above mentioned, we have attained accuracy to the 
one-thousandth of an inch, which feature is so all- 
important when the high cost of our major fire-fighting 
apparatus is taken into consideration. 



46 City Document No. 11. 

Furthermore, we are not compelled to resort to outside 
repair concerns for much of our emergency jobs, as our 
repair forces have adapted themselves most efficiently 
in the use of the machines mentioned previously. 

Tool Room. 

The establishment of a new tool room on the machine 
shop floor in charge of a competent individual has done 
much towards eliminating a good deal of carelessness on 
the part of our shop forces in the care of tools used by 
them in the repair of apparatus, etc. 

By means of a metal check system, each man who 
borrows an article from the tool room is held strictly 
responsible for its return. 

Main Flooe. 

In order to accomplish repairs on apparatus in the least 
possible time, we have had erected on the main apparatus 
floor a number of wooden bins in which have been lo- 
cated standard sizes of bolts, nuts, screws, washers, etc. 
Thus it may be seen that these articles are readily 
accessible, and the men are not obliged to climb two 
flights of stairs to the stock room for material. 

Conclusion. 

Due to the systematic and efficient conduct of our 
repair shops, the present structure is gradually proving 
inadequate in so far as space is concerned. Looking into 
the future, it is my belief that means should be taken to 
provide for a larger shop, thus insuring more efficient 
maintenance which is necessary to care for the annual 
growth of our department, brought on by increased 
motorization and additional quarters. 

What we lack in this department are proper storage 
facilities. Much of our material is distributed in differ- 
ent sections of the city, some times difficult of access, 
which means that we are using every available place 
under our jurisdiction to store material which must be 
used at a moment's notice. 

Respectfully, 

John O. Taber, 

First Deputy Chief. 



Fire Department. 



47 



BOSTON FIRE DEPARTMENT, VETERINARY 
HOSPITAL. 



Boston, February 1, 1922. 

From: Veterinary and Supervisor of Buildings. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 

Subject: Annual Report. 

Sir, — The following is a statement of the whole num- 
ber of horses in the service; those that were sold, trans- 
ferred, died, destroyed, killed, pensioned, during the 
year ending January 31, 1922: 



Total number on hand February 1, 1921 
Total number on hand February 1, 1922 

Horses sold 
Horses transferred 
Horses died 
Horses destroyed 
Horses killed 
Horses pensioned 



147 
112 

17 
4 
1 

7 
4 
2 



Respectfully submitted, 

Daniel P. Keogh, M. D. V., 

Veterinary and Supervisor of Buildings. 



35 



48 City Document No. 11. 

REPORT OF MEDICAL EXAMINER. 

Boston, February 1, 1922. 
From: The Medical Examiner. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report. 

Sir, — I respectfully submit the following report for 
the year ending January 31, 1922: 

Number of cases of illness 384 

Number of cases of injury 1,022 

Number injured but remained on duty . . . 760 

Examinations. 

And inspections at office headquarters .... 1,053 
For appointment as provisional firemen (civil service) 48 

For reappointment (as from war service) ... 1 

Re-examination of old pensioners and medical report 

submitted 35 

For appointment of men on probation .... 42 

At homes of citizens injured by fire apparatus and 

medical report submitted 4 

At engine houses of firemen, pulmotors and medicine 
chests and including visits at homes of firemen and 
to hospitals and examination of citizens and others 
injured by fire apparatus or other property con- 
trolled by the Fire Department 250 

During the past year the general health of the men has 
been very good, as about the average number of cases of 
illness and injury have been reported and on file at this 
office. 

The officers and men have been prompt in offering and 
performing " first aid" services to citizens as well as to 
firemen and should therefore be encouraged and com- 
mended. 

It is pleasing and also praiseworthy to note that out of 
a record of 1,022 cases of injury on file, 760 men remained 
on duty and had injuries treated in quarters. The 
above clearly proves the faithful spirit of officers and 
men. 



Fire Department. 



49 



Deaths. 



Name. 


Date. 


Cause. 


Charles C. Shepard 


June 21, 1921. 


Cardio-vascular disease. 


Francis E. Merrill 


Aug. S, 1921. 


Strangulation. 


Daniel B. McAlvin 


Sept. 23, 1921. 


Fractured skull and pelvis. 



Eespectfully submitted, 

William J. McNally, M. D., 

Medical Examiner. 



50 City Document No. 11. 

REPORT OF WIRE DIVISION. 



From: Superintendent, Wire Division. 
To: The Acting Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report. 

I herewith submit annual report of the Wire Division 
of the Fire Department for the year 1921-1922. 

The underground district for 1922 has been prescribed 
and advertised in accordance with the law, and is as 
follows : 

Brighton. 

Washington street, from Commonwealth avenue to Corey 
road. 

Corey road, from Washington street to the Brookline line. 

Wallingford road, from Chestnut Hill avenue to Common- 
wealth avenue. 

East Boston. 

Border street, from the North Ferry to Condor street. 

Sumner street, from Maverick square to Border street. 

Roxbury. 

Zeigler street, from Warren street to Dearborn street. 

Dorchester. 
Dorchester avenue, from Peabody square to Pierce square. 
Fuller street, from Dorchester avenue to Washington street. 
West Cottage street, from Dudley street to Blue Hill avenue. 

Back Bay. 
Brookline avenue, from Commonwealth avenue, a distance 
of 1,890 feet to a point 150 feet south of the south line of Fuller- 
ton street. 

Making a total distance of four miles of streets as 
provided by law. 

The above streets were prescribed in accordance with 
chapter 196 of the Acts of 1921, which reads as follows: 

[CHAPTER 196.] 

An Act to Provide for Removing or Placing Under- 
ground Certain Wires and Electrical Appliances 
in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. In the month of January, in the year 1922, 
and in said month of each year thereafter, to and including 



Fire Department. 51 

the year 1926, the Fire Commissioner of the City of Boston 
shall prescribe and give public notice thereof in at least two 
daily newspapers in said city, by advertisement therein, twice 
a week for two weeks in succession, of not more than four 
miles of streets in any one year, from which poles shall be 
removed and the wires buried underground, except such poles 
and wires as are excepted in chapter 364 of the Acts of 1911. 

Sect. 2. The work for the years 1920 and 1921 heretofore 
prescribed under existing statutes need not be done, but any 
street or streets formerly included in the work prescribed 
for said years may be included by the Fire Commissioner in 
the future work to be done under this Act. The obligation to 
do any work prescribed under existing laws to be done in years 
before 1920, shall not be affected by anything in this Act 
contained. 

Sect. 3. The powers conferred and the duties imposed 
upon the officer mentioned in said chapter 364, and other 
acts mentioned in said chapter, are hereby extended and said 
powers shall be exercised and said duties performed by said 
Fire Commissioner in each of the years 1922 to 1926 inclusive. 

[Approved March 20, 1921. 

The following data gives the details of the work done 
by this division : 

During the year there were fifty-five fires and four 
manhole explosions due to electrical causes, the total 
loss being $744,725.60. Of this amount two car barn 
fires caused a loss of $669,514,82, and three other fires 
caused a loss of $71,835.30, leaving $3,375.48 for the 
other fifty fires. These fires have received the atten- 
tion of this division. 

All electrical construction which comes under the 
supervision of this Division has received attention. 

No violation of the law relating to electrical con- 
struction has necessitated court action during the year. 

The total income was $36,51 1 .82. 

Owing to the fact that the force of the Interior Divi- 
sion has been increased during the year by the appoint- 
ment of three new inspectors, we have been able to 
detail two inspectors who will devote all their time to 
the inspection of old electrical installation in buildings, 
commencing with the work in the city proper. 

During the year .a new edition of the Rules and 
Requirements of the Fire Commissioner (Wire Division) 
has been issued. 



52 City Document No. 11. 



EXTERIOR DIVISION. 



The underground district for the year 1921 as pre- 
scribed under authority of chapter 196 of the Special 
Acts of 1916, comprised the following main and side 
streets : 

Main Streets. 

Washington street, Brighton, from Commonwealth avenue to 

Corey road. 
Bunker Hill street, Charlestown, from Monument street to 

Auburn street. 
Warren street, Charlestown, from Thompson square to Park 

street. 
Washington street, West Roxbury, from Corinth street to 

Beech street. 
Columbus avenue, Roxbury, from Centre street to Washington 

street. 
Huntington avenue, Roxbury, from South Huntington avenue, 

northeasterly to a point 100 feet east of the easterly line of 

Vancouver street. 

Making a total distance of three miles as provided by 
law. 

Side Streets. 

Corey road, Brighton, from Washington street to the Brookline 

line. 
Wallingford road, Brighton, from Chestnut Hill avenue to 

Commonwealth avenue. 
Zeigler street, Roxbury, from Warren street to Dearborn street. 
Soley street, Charlestown, from Warren street, a distance of 

200 feet. 
Belgrade avenue, West Roxbury, from South street to Aldrich 

street. 
Maverick street, East Boston, from Meridian street to Border 

street. 
Chelsea street, East Boston, from Maverick square to a point 

105 feet west of the westerly line of Brooks street. 

Making a total distance of two miles as provided by 
law. 

The above streets were prescribed for underground 



Fire Department. 53 

construction on January 18, 1921, but chapter 196 of 
the Legislative Acts of 1921 approved March 30, pro- 
vided that the underground work for the years 1920 and 
1921 heretofore prescribed need not be done. 

This gave the companies a chance to devote their 
energies to certain streets in the 1917, 1918, and 1919 
underground districts where underground work had not 
been completed and in which poles and overhead wires 
were still maintained. 

With a few exceptions, where work is now in progress, 
all streets in the 1917, 1918, and 1919 underground dis- 
tricts have been cleared of poles and overhead wires. 

In the selection of new pole locations our engineers 
have accompanied the engineers of the various companies 
for the purpose of passing on such locations. All 
carrying poles standing in the streets are stencilled by 
this department for purpose of identification, and are 
plotted in atlases on file in our office. All poles standing 
in the city are inspected and tested yearly by the inspec- 
tors of this division and at the same time a general inspec- 
tion is made of all overhead construction. This work 
is in addition to the regular inspection work necessary 
on account of new construction. Poles found to be 
leaning or in process of decay are reported to companies 
owning same and where conditions warrant it poles are 
condemned. During the past year the inspectors of 
this division reported one hundred and seventy (170) 
poles decayed at base and thirty-nine (39) poles leaning, 
or a total of two hundred and nine (209) poles, which 
were replaced by new poles or reset by the various com- 
panies at the request of this department. 

Twenty-six (26) abandoned poles were also reported 
by our inspectors and were removed by the various 
companies at our request. 

The following table shows the overhead work for the 
year from February 1, 1921, to January 31, 1922, 
inclusive : 

Number of new poles set in new locations . . 245 

Number of poles replaced, reset or straightened . 505 

Number of poles removed 367 

Number of poles now standing in the public streets, 15,620 

Number of defects reported 1,703 

Number of defects corrected 1,445 

(Other defects in process of correction.) 



54 



City Document No. 11. 



Number of notices of overhead construction . . 23,239 

Number of overhead inspections 46,066 

Number of overhead reports 22,156 

Amount of overhead wires removed by owners 

(in feet) 1,529,780 

Undergkound Construction. 

The ducts used this year for the underground conduits 
of the drawing in system are of the following type : 

1. Vitrified clay (laid in concrete). 

2. Fiber (laid in concrete) . 

3. Iron. 

4. Wood. 

In side or residential streets, a small amount of special 
underground construction for electric light and power 
purposes of a type known as the "Split Fiber Solid 
Main System," has been installed during the year. 

The electrical approvals for underground electrical 
construction numbered two thousand four hundred and 
sixty-three (2,463). 

Number of inspections of underground electrical con- 
struction, seven thousand four hundred and twenty- 
nine (7,429). 

Number of reports of underground electrical construc- 
tion, two thousand five hundred and fifty-six (2,556). 



Character of Cable Used by the Various Companies. 



Company. 


Kind of Insulation. 


Size. 


Boston Elevated Railway Company.. . 


Rubber and paper . 


No. 4-0 and 500,000, 1,000- 
000 and 2,000,000 CM. 


Charlestown Gas and Electric Com- 
pany. 


Varnished cambric 
and paper. 


Nos. 4, 2, 1-0, 2-0 and 4-0. 


Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 


Rubber and paper. . 


Nos. 8 to 1,000,000 C. M. 


pany. 










4, 6, 10, 19, 37 conductor. 


New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company. 




16 to 1212 pair. 






Police Signal Service (B. P. D.) 

Postal Telegraph Cable Company 






Paper 


15 and 25 pair. 


Schoolhouse Commission (City of 
Boston) . 


Rubber 


4 conductor. 


Western Union Telegraph Company. . . 


Rubber and paper. 


2 to 25 conductors. 
6 to 75 pair. 



Fire Department. 



55 



Table Showing Underground Work for the Year 1921. 



Company. 


43 

"3 

a 
o 
O 




a 

P 


o 

o 

o 








+2 

0) 


© 


+j 


NS 


3 S 




pq 


fn 


fe 


% 


£ 


Boston Elevated Railway Company, 


9,055 


50,311 


97,708 


31 


15 




72 


184 




1 


1 


tion. 












Charlestown Gas and Electric Com- 


5,410 


30,912 


43,173 


29 


8 


pany. 












Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 


43,382 


237,558 


977,127 


169 


1,414 


pany. 












Fire Alarm Branch (B. F. D.) 


1,865 


5,210 


55,355 


4 


56 


New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company. 


4,670 


58,909 


175,756 


16 


121 


Police Signal Service (B. P. D.) 




585 


10,000 




9 








6,655 










247 


1,950 




2 


Western Union Telegraph Company, 


7,058 


41,957 


15,311 


23 


5 


Totals 


71,512 


425,873 


1,383,035 


273 


1,631 







Note. — "Split Fiber Solid Main System" of the Edison Electric Illuminating Company 
is included in the above figures, comprising 11,581 feet of conduit and 22,780 feet of single 
duct; the main and feeder tube or armored cable of the same company are not included; 
100 feet of main three-wire tube and 5,889 feet of three-wire armored service cable were 
laid during the year. 



Table Showing the Amount and Distribution of Boston's Electrical Power, 

January 31, 1922. 



Company. 


-its 




Capacity of 
Incandescent 
Lamps in 
Kilowatts. 


03 "^ 

°3 is 
>-°$£, 

•s J S 

5 ** ri 

$<& 
o 


o 

ii £ 
"3.2 

■so 

w 


-d 
o 

•S.S 


m ° 


Boston Elevated Railway Company .... 
Edison Electric Illuminating Company. . 


43,772 

48,592 


207,970 
235,400 

300 
400 
150 
363 


3,400 
93,057 

60 
105 

25 
209 


5 

2,896 

163 

33 


334,710 

85,777 

7,100 

30 

106 

32 

153 


74,110 
71,373 

85 
395 


17 

43 

1 


Block Plant Electric Light Company . . . 
A. W. Barnes Steam Specialty Company, 


350 
620 
200 
500 


1 
1 
1 




1 


Totals 


94,034 


444,583 


96,856 


3,067 


427,908 


145,963 


65 







* Unknown. 



5G 



City Document No. 11 



INTERIOR DIVISION. 



As provided by law there have been twelve hundred 
fifty-four (1,254) inspections made of theatres, places of 
amusement and public halls. Where defects are found 
the parties interested are notified. When not corrected 
within a reasonable time the company supplying current 
is notified to discontinue same. 

During the year there were seven persons injured by 
electricity, three of the cases proving to be fatal. 



Fires in interior of buildings 

Fires on poles 

Manhole explosions . 

Injuries to persons . 

Notices of new work received 

Number of permits to turn on current . 

Number of incandescent lamps inspected 

Number of motors inspected . 

Number of buildings in which wiring was 

pletely examined 

Number of inspections made . 

Defects reported 

Defects corrected 

(Other defects in process of correction.) 



com 



47 

8 

4 

7 

14,438 

10,275 

1,432,715 

9,634 

1,532 

35,653 

877 

411 



Fire Department. 



57 



LIST OF WIRE DIVISION EMPLOYEES, 
JANUARY 31, 1922. 









Salary 


per Annum. 


1 Superintendent . . . $3,000 00 


1 Chief inspector 










2,500 00 


4 Inspectors 










2,000 00 


8 Inspectors 










1,900 00 


8 Inspectors 










1,800 00 


6 Inspectors 










1,700 00 


3 Inspectors 










1,600 00 


1 Inspector 










1,500 00 


1 Inspector 










1,400 00 


1 Permit clerk and inspector 










1,800 00 


1 Engineer .... 










2,000 00 


1 Chief clerk 










2,000 00 


1 Assistant chief clerk 










1,900 00 


1 Clerk and stenographer 










1,600 00 


1 Clerk .... 










1,240 00 


1 Clerk and stenographer 










1,200 00 


1 Clerk .... 










1,200 00 


2 Stenographers 










1,200 00 


1 Chauffeur 










1,400 00 


1 Stenciller . 










1,300 00 


1 Driver . . . . 










1,300 00 



46 



58 City Document No. 11. 



STATEMENT OF APPROPRIATION AND EXPEN- 
DITURES OF THE WIRE DIVISION FROM 
FEBRUARY 1, 1921, TO JANUARY 31, 1922, 
INCLUSIVE. 



$89,076 88 



Appropriation .... 






Expenditures. 


Salaries 


and wages : 




A-l. 


Employees . 


$75,486 53 


F-7. 


Pension roll . 


1,500 00 


B-l. 


Printing . . 


883 50 


B-2. 


Postage . 


100 00 


B-3. 


Advertising . 


126 70 


B-4. 


Car fares, etc. 


2,281 55 


B-12. 


Premium on surety 






bond .... 


6 00 


B-13. 


Telephones . 


352 03 


B-14. 


Repairs, radiator 


7 75 


B-35. 


Fees for chauffeur's li- 






cense .... 


2 00 


B-37. 


Photo and blueprinting 


2 05 


B-39. 


Repairs to instruments, 








224 67 


C-4. 


Tires, etc. 


281 35 


C-13. 


Tools .... 


29 21 


D-l. 


Office forms and sta- 






tionery 


1,813 26 


D-lt. 


Gasolene, etc. 


453 15 


D-16. 


Photographic material, 


6 46 


E-10. 


Testing wire 


4 97 


E-13. 


Auto parts and paint, 


92 10 


Total expenditures 


$83,653 28 


Balance 


in treasury 


5,423 60 



$89,076 88 



Fire Department. 59 



LIST OF PROPERTY.— WIRE DIVISION. 



1 1,500-volt Weston Direct Current Voltmeter. 

5 300-volt Weston Direct Current Voltmeters. 

2 300-volt Weston Alternating Current and Direct Current 

Voltmeters. 

1 15-volt Weston Direct Current Voltmeter. 

2 300-volt Weston Direct Current Double Reading Voltmeter. 
1 1,20-volt Weston Direct Current Minature Type Voltmeter. 
1 150-volt Weston Direct Current Minature Type Voltmeter. 
1 500-volt Weston Direct Current Ammeter. 

1 200-volt Weston Alternating Current Ammeter. 

1 50-volt Weston Direct Current Ammeter. 

1 15-volt Weston Alternating Current Ammeter. 

1 1,500-volt Milamperes Weston Direct Current Mil-ammeter. 

6 Bichloride of silver batteries, each 60 cells. 
1 Queen testing set. 

1 Touring car. 
1 Runabout. 

1 Ford truck. 

2 Robes. 

1 Blanket: 

2 Cameras, complete. 

Miscellaneous tools used in connection with overhead con- 
struction. 
Draughting instruments. 

Respectfully yours, 

Walter J. Burke, 

Superintendent, Wire Division. 



60 City Document No. 11. 



THE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION. 



Acting Commissioner, Joseph P. Manning. 

Chief Clerk, Benjamin F. Underhill. 

Chief of Department, Peter E. Walsh. 

First Deputy Chief, John O. Taber, in charge of Bureau of 

Supplies and Repairs. 
Superintendent of Repairs, Eugene M. Byington. 
Superintendent of Fire Alarms, George L. Fickett. 
Superintendent of Wire Division, Walter J. Burke. 
Chief Operator and Assistant Superintendent of Fire Alarms, 

Richard Donahue. 
Chief Clerk, Wire Division, Frank H. Rice. 
Veterinary Surgeon, Daniel P. Keogh. 
Medical Examiner, William J. McNally. 

Clerks. 
(Fire Department.) 
James P. Maloney, Assistant Chief Clerk and Supervisor of 
Pay Accounts, Edward L. Tierney, Chief of License Division — 
Bureau of Fire Prevention, George F. Murphy, Daniel J. 
Quinn, Herbert J. Hickey, John J. Coholan, William J. Hurley, 
Nathan Cohen, Frank M. Fogarty, Charles S. Carroll, Thomas 
J. Murphy. 

(Wire Division.) 
William McSweeney, Timothy A. Connolly, Selina A. 
O'Brien, Mary E. Fleming, Mary Moran, Martin P. Cummings. 



STRENGTH AND PAY JANUARY 31, 1922. 



Headquarters. 



1 Commissioner 
1 Chief clerk 



1 Assistant chief clerk and supervisor pay accounts, 2,500 



1 Medical examiner 

1 Secretary and stenographer . 

1 Clerk 

1 Clerk 

1 Clerk 

1 Assistant engineer (messenger)* 

2 Hosemen (clerks)* . 



Per Annum. 

$7,500 
2,500 



2,100 
2,000 
2,300 
2,000 
1,200 
1,800 
1,800 



11 



* Detailed from Fire-fighting Branch. 



Fire Department. 



61 



Fire Prevention Bureau. 

1 Chief License Bureau 

1 Chief inspector (lieutenant) 

1 Clerk 

1 Clerk 

1 Constable .... 

14 Hosemen and laddermen (inspectors)* 

19 

Fire Fighting Branch. 

1 Chief of Department 
3 Deputy chiefs 

15 District chiefs 
66 Captains 
95 Lieutenants 

1 Aid-to-chief (lieutenant) 
1 Aid-to-Commissioner (private) 
3 Engineers (marine) 
52 Engineers 
42 Assistant engineers 
11 Assistant engineers 
3 Assistant engineers 
900 Privates: 
621 
206 
26 
47 



1,193 



Bureau of Supplies and Repairs. 
1 Deputy chief in charge* .... 

1 Superintendent 

1 Shop foreman 

1 Lieutenant, foreman of hose and harness shop* 
1 Auto engineer (engineer)* .... 
1 Master plumber (engineer)* .... 
1 Master carpenter (hoseman)* 

1 Master painter 

1 Foreman auto mechanics .... 
1 Machinist (engineer)* . . . . . 
1 Inspector steam fire engines (engineer)* 
1 Instructor high pressure system (engineer)* 
12 Privates* . 
3 Privates* . 
1 Clerk in charge 
1 Clerk . 

1 Clerk . 

2 Clerks (hoseman)* 
1 Storekeeper* 



Per Annum. 

$2,500 
2,300 
1,700 
1,200 
1,400 
1,800 



$5,000 
4,000 
3,500 
2,500 
2,300 
2,300 
1,800 
2,000 
1,900 
1,800 
1,600 
1,500 

1,800 
1,600 
1,500 
1,400 



$4,000 
3,500 
2,000 
2,300 
2,200 
1,900 
1,800 
1,800 
1,800 
1,900 
1,900 
1,900 
1,800 
1,600 
1,900 
1,500 
1,200 
1,800 
2,000 



* Detailed from Fire-fighting Branch. 



62 



City Document No. 11. 



1 Engineer 



3 Firemen . 
2 Plumbers . 
1 Steamfitter 

1 Leading painter 
7 Painters 

2 Wheelwrights . 
1 Leading machinist . 

3 Machinists 
10 Auto repairers . 

1 Leading blacksmith 

4 Blacksmiths 

5 Blacksmith's helpers 
3 Carpenters 

2 Auto trimmers and harness repairers 
1 Hose and harness repairer 
1 Boiler repairer, iron worker and steamfitter 
1 Vulcanker 

1 Chauffeur . 

2 Teamsters (7 days) 
1 Laborer 
1 Steamfitter (temporary) 

87 

Fire Alarm Branch. 



1 Superintendent 

1 Chief operator and assistant superintendent 

1 Supervising operator 
3 Principal operators . 

2 Operators . 
6 Assistant operators . 
1 Assistant operator . 



15 

1 
1 

1 



Construction Force. 

Foreman 

Assistant foreman . . . 
Stockman 



1 Machinist (7 days) . 

2 Machinists (7 days) 
18 Cable splicers and 

repairers 



wiremen, linemen and 



Per Week. 

$40 00 

Per Day. 

$5 50 



40 
00 
25 
00 
00 
25 
00 
00 
25 
00 
25 
00 
00 
50 
00 
50 
50 
00 
00 
00 



Per Annum. 

$3,500 
3,000 
2,300 
2,300 
2,200 
1,800 
1,600 



$2,700 
2,200 
1,800 

Per Day. 

$5 25 
5 00 



5 45 



Fire Department. 63 

Per Day. 

1 Laborer . $4 00 

1 Inside wireman (temporary) 5 60 

41 

Veterinary Hospital Branch. 

Per Annum, 

1 Veterinarian and supervisor of buildings and 

horses $3,000 

Per Day. 

3 Hostlers (average), 7 days $4 00 



64 City Document No. 11. 



CHIEF OF DEPARTMENT. 

Peter E. Walsh. 

Headquarters, Engine House 26-35, Mason Street. 

The Chief is in charge of the fire protection of the 
city, which is divided into three divisions, each com- 
manded by a deputy chief, which are subdivided into 
fifteen districts, each commanded by a district chief. 

Division 1. 
Deputy Chief, Henry A. Fox. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 8, Fort Hill Square. 
This division comprises Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 

District 1. 

District Chief, Fitzgerald M. O'Lalor. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 2, Paris Street, 

East Boston. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 5, 9, 11, 

31 (fireboat), 40, 47 (fireboat), Ladders 2, 21, Chemical 7. 

District 2. 
District Chief, William E. Riley. 
Headquarters, Engine House 50, Winthrop Street, 

Charlestown. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 27, 32, 36, 
50, Ladders 9, 22. 

District 3. 

District Chief, Cornelius J. O'Brien. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 18, Pittsburgh Street. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 25, 38, 

39, 44 (fireboat), Ladders 8, 18, Water Tower 3, Rescue 1. 

District 4- 
District Chief, Edward J. Shallow. 
Headquarters, Engine House, 4 Bulfinch Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 4, 6, 8, 
Ladders 1, 24, Water Tower 1. 



Fire Department. 65 

District 5. 
District Chief, Albert J. Caulfield. 
Headquarters, Engine House 26-35, Mason Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 7, 10, 26? 
35, Ladder 17. 

Division 2. 

Deputy Chief, Walter M. McLean. 
Headquarters, Engine House 22, Warren Avenue. 
This division comprises Districts 6, 7, 8, 11. 

District 6. 

District Chief, James J. Caine. 

Headquarters, Engine House 1, Dorchester Street, 

South Boston. 
Apparatus Located in the District — Engines 1, 2, 15, 
43, Ladders 5, 19, 20. 

District 7. 
District Chief, Frank A. Sweeney. 
Headquarters, Engine House 22, Warren Avenue. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 3, 22, 33, 
Ladders 3, 13, 15, Water Tower 2. 

District 8. 
District Chief, Frank J. Sheeran. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 12, Tremont Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 13, 14, 
37, Ladders 12, 26. 

District 11. 
District Chief, James F. McMahon. 
Headquarters, Engine House 41, Harvard Avenue, 

Brighton. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 29, 34, 41, 
51, Ladders 11, 14. 

Division 3. 
Deputy Chief, Daniel F. Sennott. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 4, Dudley Street. 
This division comprises Districts 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15. 



66 City Document No. 11. 

District 9. 
District Chief, Joseph H. Kenney. 
Headquarters, Engine House 12, Dudley Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 12, 21, 23, 
24, Ladder 4, Chemical 10. 

District 10. 
District Chief, Francis J. Jordan. 

Headquarters, Engine House 18, Harvard Street, 

Dorchester. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 17, 18, 52, 
Ladders 7, 29. 

District 12. 
District Chief, John N. Lally. 

Headquarters, Engine House 28, Centre Street, 
Jamaica Plain. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 28, 24, 
Ladders 10, 23, 30, Chemical 5. 

District 13. 
District Chief, Michael J. Kennedy. 

Headquarters, Engine House 45, Corner Washington 
and Poplar Streets, Roslindale. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 30, 45, 53, 
Ladders 16, 25. 

District lJf-. 

District Chief, Allan J. Macdonald. 

Headquarters, Engine House 46, Peabody Square, 
Dorchester. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 16, 20, 
46, Ladders 6, 27. 

District 15. 

District Chief, Joseph A. Dolan. 

Headquarters, Engine House 48, Corner Harvard 

Avenue and Winthrop Street, Hyde Park. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 19, 48, 49, 
Ladder 28. 



Fire Department. 



67 



FIRE STATIONS. 
Location. 



Location. 



Number 
of Feet . 
in Lot. 



Occupied by 



Dorchester and Fourth streets 

Corner of O and Fourth streets 

Bristol street and Harrison avenue 

Bulnneh street 

Marion street, East Boston 

Leverett street 

East street 

Salem street 

Paris street, East Boston 

River street 

Saratoga and Byron streets, East Boston. . 

Dudley street 

Cabot street 

Centre street 

Dorchester avenue 

Corner River and Temple streets 

Meeting House Hill, Dorchester 

Harvard street, Dorchester 

Norfolk street, Dorchester 

Walnut street, Dorchester 

Columbia road, Dorchester 

Warren avenue 

Northampton street 

Corner Warren and Quincy streets 

Fort Hill square 

Mason street 

Elm street, Charlestown 

Centre street, Jamaica Plain 

Chestnut Hill avenue, Brighton 

Centre street, West Roxbury 

521 Commercial street, on land of Public 
Works Department. 



8,167 
4,000 
4,000 
6,098 
3,265 
2,269 
1,893 
2,568 
4,720 
1,886 
10,000 
7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,803 
12,736 
9,450 
9,440 
7,683 
9,000 
10,341 
7,500 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 
5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 



Engine 1 and Ladder 5. 

Engine 2. 

Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 

Engine 4 and Tower 1 . 

Engine 5. 

Engine 6. 

Engine 7. 

Engine 8. 

Engine 9 and Ladder 2. 

Engine 10. 

Engine 11 and Ladder 21. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder 7. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20 and Ladder 27. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 22 and Ladder 13. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25, Ladder 8 and Rescue 1. 

Engines 26 and 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30 and Ladder 25. 



68 



City Document No. 11. 

Fire Stations. — Concluded. 



LOGATION. 


Number 
of Feet 
in Lot. 


Occupied by 


Bunker Hill street, Charlestown 


8,188 


Engine 32. 




5,646 


Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 




4,637 






5,668 




Corner Longwood and Brookline avenues. . 


5,231 


Engine 37 and Ladder 26. 




4,000 






4,010 




Harvard avenue, near Cambridge street, 
Brighton. 


6,112 


Engine 41 and Ladder 14. 


Washington street, at Egleston square .... 


3,848 


Engine 42 and Ladder 30. 




5,133 










Washington and Poplar streets, Roslindale, 


14,729 


Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 




4,875 




Adioining South Ferry, East Boston 


11,950 


Engines 31 and 47, fireboats. 


Harvard avenue and Winthrop street, Hyde 
Park. 


9,450 


Engine 48 and Ladder 28. 




3,412 






14,475 






5,230 


Engine 50. 




9,889 


Corner Callender and Lyford streets 


7,200 


Engine 52 and Ladder 29. 


Corner Walk Hill and Wenham streets .... 


11,253 


Engine 53. 




9,300 






1,676 
3,923 






Ladder 4 and Chemical 10. 




4,290 


Ladder 9. 




4,311 
2,134 
8,964 


Ladder 12. 












3,101 
6,875 


Ladder 19. 




Ladder 23 and Chemical 5. 




3,918 


Ladder 24. 







Headquarters Building, Bristol street, 15,679 feet of 
land. 

Water Tower No. 2 is in Headquarters Building. 



Fire Department. 69 



OTHER BUILDINGS. 

Repair Shop, 363 Albany street, 8,000 feet of land. 

Veterinary Hospital, Atkinson street, 64,442 feet of 
land. 

Coal station, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 feet of 
land. 

Coal station, old Charles River Bridge, on land of 
Public Works Department. 

Building No. 11 Wareham street, used by the Fire 
Alarm Branch as workshop and storeroom, 8,500 feet of 
land. 

Building No. 618 Harrison avenue, used as a depart- 
ment garage and repair shop and a school for chauffeurs 
and officers, 3,816 feet of land. 

LEASED BUILDING. 

About 800 square feet of shed on Sleeper street (New 
Haven Terminal Stores) used as a coal station. 



70 



City Document No. 11. 



CANNEL COAL STATIONS. 



Division 1. 



District. 


Location. 


Capacity. 

(Tons.) 


Wagons. 


1 




12 
20 
35 
35 
45 

1 
16 
50 
20 


1 


1 


Engine 40 : 

Engine 36 


2 


2 

-2-- ... 


1 
2 


3 




3 


3 


Engine 38-39 (motor driven) 

Ladder 18 


1 


3 . 




4 


Ladder 24 


2 


4 


Charles River avenue 

Engine 26 


2 


5 








Total 






14 











Division 2. 



11. 
11. 
n. 



Total . 



Chemical 2 . . 
Engine 2 . . . . 
Fourth street . 
Engine 33 . . . 
Engine 13 . . . 
Engine 14 . . . 
Ladder 12 . . . 
Engine 37 . . . 
Engine 29 . . . 
Engine 34 . . . 
Engine 41 . . . 



35 
20 
40 
25 
40 
10 
10 
20 
7 
7 
10 



Fire Department. 
Division 3. 



71 



District. 


Location. 


Capacity. 
(Tons.) 


Wagons. 


9 




5 

6 
5 
7 
3 
5 
20 
9 
9 
9 

7 
4 
8 
19 
1 




9 






9 


Engine 23 




9 






10 






10 






12 






13 






12 






13 






14 






14 


Engine 20 




14 






15 






15 

15 


Engine 48 

Hose 49 




Total 






14 






1 





Apparatus in Reserve. 



Motor-Driven. 
9 Engines. 
4 Hose cars. 
6 Ladder trucks. 
1 Water tower. 
9 Automobiles. 
] Steam propelled engine. 

30 



Horse-Drawn. 

8 Engines. 
1 1 Hose wagons. 

5 Ladder trucks. 

3 Chemicals. 
41 Fuel wagons. 

3 Manure wagons. 

71 



Miscellaneous Apparatus. 

1 Old Velie roadster (unfit for service) at Department Auto- 

mobile School, being used for instruction purposes. 

2 Old Ford delivery trucks (unfit for service) at Department 

Automobile School, being used for instruction purposes. 

1 Old Robinson hose car being dismantled and parts being 

used for replacements on this type apparatus now in 
service in the department. 

2 Old Buick roadsters (unfit for service) . (Four-cylinder type.) 



72 



City Document No. 11. 



3 Fireboats. 



Marine Apparatus. 



Apparatus in Service. 



Motor-Driven. 

36 Engines. 

36 Motor ladder trucks. 

1 Steam propelled truck. 
26 Hose cars. 

3 High pressure cars. 

3 Chemicals. 

3 Water towers. 

1 Rescue car. 

1 Fuel car. 

1 Wrecker. 

1 School car. 
11 Delivery trucks. 
33 Automobiles. 

142 



Horse-Drawn. 

12 Engines. 
10 Hose wagons. 
8 Ladder trucks. 



30 



Fire Department. 



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City Document No. 11. 



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75 



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76 



City Document No. 11. 
































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turing Company. (Triple combi- 
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American LaFrance. (Combination 
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85 



EXPENDITURES FOR THE YEAR. 

Personal service : 

Permanent employees . $2,404,600 10 
Temporary employees . . 1,021 35 

Unassigned .... 4,357 32 



Service other than Personal : 
Printing and binding 
Postage .... 
Advertising and posting . 
Transportation of persons 
Cartage and freight . 
Hire of teams and auto trucks 
Light and power 
Rent, taxes and water 
Premium on surety bond 
Communication 
Motor vehicle repairs and care 
Motorless vehicle repairs . 
Cleaning .... 
Examinations 
Expert and architect 
Stenographic, copying and in 

dexing .... 
Towing .... 
Fees, service of venires, etc. 
Boiler inspection 
Photographic and blueprinting 
General plant 
Horseshoeing and clipping 



Equipment: 
Cable, wire, etc. 
Machinery . 
Electrical . 
Motor vehicles . 
Motorless vehicles 
Stable . 

Furniture and fitting 
Office . 
Library 
Marine 

Tools and instruments 
Wearing apparel 
General plant 



$132 06 

607 80 

87 15 

1,499 69 

546 69 

1,065 00 

15,374 09 

934 36 

15 00 

2,578 58 

9,726 29 

433 00 

9,889 65 

325 00 

833 00 

25 00 

828 00 

1,340 00 

169 00 

113 58 

41,410 86 

10,976 70 



,803 47 

2,386 90 

5,982 48 

133,151 91 

940 00 

2,757 61 

5,879 39 

780 42 

66 45 

203 00 

37,389 64 

23,398 70 

2,869 72 



!,409,978 77 



98,910 50 



236,609 69 



Carried forward $2,745,498 96 



86. 



City Document No. 11. 



Brought forward 
Supplies: 

Office 

Food and ice 

Fuel 

Forage and animal . 
Medical, surgical, laboratory 
Veterinary .... 
Laundry, cleaning, toilet . 
Motor vehicle . 
Chemicals and disinfectants 
General plant 
Cloth 

Materials : 

Building .... 
Electrical .... 
General plant 

Special items : 
Pensions and annuities 
Workingmen's compensation 



5,745,498 96 



$11,604 33 

899 21 

98,816 45 

22,413 78 

294 46 

140 71 

3,371 35 

23,881 67 

2,343 72 

4,921 58 

6,172 13 



$15,274 39 

2,994 72 

31,662 61 



$234,636 49 
1,585 15 



174,859 39 



49,931 72 









236,221 64 




$3,206,511 71 


Wire Division: 








Personal service: 








Permanent employees 




$75,486 53 




Service other than personal: 






Printing and binding, 


$883 50 






Postage 


100 00 






Advertising and post- 








ing . 


126 70 






Transportation of 








persons . 


2,281 55 






Premium on surety 








bond 


6 00 






Communication 


352 03 






Motor vehicle repairs 








and care 


7 75 






Fees, service of ve- 








nires, etc. 


2 00 






Photographic and 








blueprinting . 


2 05 






General plant . 


224 67 


3,986 25 










Carried forward 


$79,472 78 


$3,206,511 71 



Fire Department. 87 

Brought forward . . $79 ; 472 78 $3,206,511 71 

Equipment : 

Motor vehicles . $281 35 



Tools and instru- 
ments ... 29 21 



310 56 



$79,783 34 
Supplies : 

Office .... $1,813 26 

Motor vehicle . . 453 15 

General plant . 6 46 

2,272 87 
Materials : 

General plant .... 97 07 

Special items: 

Pensions and annuities . . 1,500 00 

83,653 28 

$3,290,164 99 

Remodeling House, Engine 26 and 35. 

Payments on account: 

Building partitions and replac- 
ing lockers; Contractor, 
Joseph Rugo . . . . $17,762 25 

Blueprinting specifications . 47 71 

Advertising . . . . 10 45 

$17,820 41 

Remodeling House, Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Payments on account : 

Contractor, Burton M. Gwinn . . . $4,998 00 

Recapitulation. 

Fire Department $3,290,164 99 

Remodeling House, Engine 26 and 35 . . 17,820 41 

Remodeling House, Engine 28 and Ladder 10 . 4,998 00 



1,312,983 40 



Income. 
Permits for fires in open spaces, fireworks, blast- 
ing, transportation and storage of explosives . $11,073 25 
Sale of old material 863 71 



Carried forward $11,936 96 



City Document No. 11. 



Brought forward 


$11,936 96 


Sale of apparatus . . 


322 50 


Sale of badges . . . . • . 


222 60 


Changing wires, etc 


43 75 


Damage to fire alarm posts and boxes 


254 82 


Sale of horses 


835 00 


Damage to apparatus 


50 27 


Sale of manure 


81 75 


Labor and material 


194 52 


Services of electrician 


33 60 


Coal penalty 


1 32 




$13,977 09 


Wire Division: 






36,625 20 




$50,602 29 



Fire Department. 



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90 



City Document No. 11. 



Causes of Fires and Alarms from January 1, 1921, 
to January 1, 1922. 

Alarms, false, needless, bell 
and still . . 

Alarms out of city 

Automatic alarms, false and 
accidental 

Automobiles 

Brush, rubbish, etc. . 

Careless use lamp, candle, 

Careless use matches and 
set by rats . _ . 

Careless use pipe, cigar and 
cigarettes .... 

Chimneys, soot burning 

Clothes near stove 

Defective chimney, stove- 
pipe, boiler 

Electric wires, motors 

Fireworks and firecrackers, 

Gas jet and gas stove 

Gasolene, naphtha, benzine, 





Grease in ventilator . 


47 


738 


Hot ashes in wooden re- 




33 


ceptacle .... 


66 




Incendiary and supposed . 


33 


101 


Lamp upsetting, explosion, 


24 


233 


Miscellaneous 


227 


,117 


Oil stove, careless use and 




81 


explosion .... 
Overheated furnace, stove 


50 


433 


boiler .... 


94 




Set by boys .... 


129 


450 


Spark from chimneys, stove, 


123 


207 


Sparks from locomotive en- 




18 


gine 


57 




Spontaneous combustion . 


113 


73 


Thawing water pipes . 


17 


139 


Unknown .... 


503 


57 
74 






Total .... 


5,247 


10 









Fihe Extinguished bt 






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1921. 


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90 


34 


76 


29 


49 


118 


35 




59 


22 


49 


23 


29 


35 


20 




63 

68 


50 
33 


89 
53 


66 
34 


21 
32 


152 
75 


39 




26 




78 
162 
79 
86 
99 


30 
75 
31 
33 
39 


52 

120 

45 

55 

47 


35 

108 
48 
40 
60 


23 
31 
19 
21 
30 


37 
50 
34 
35 
34 


31 




44 




33 




32 




32 




90 

68 


23 
24 


85 
69 


61 
21 


34 
20 


56 
41 


28 




34 




100 


45 


77 


44 


36 


99 


43 






Totals 


1,042 


439 


817 


569 


345 


766 


397 







Fire Department. 



91 



Fires Where Losses Exceeded $15,000. 



Date. 


Location and Owner. 


Loss. 


1921. 






Jan. 


1 


87-93 Albany street and 73 Harvard street, Standard Bottling 
and Extract Company et al 


1113,136 


Jan. 


o 


332 A street, Crown Cork and Seal Company et ah. . . 


75,602 


Jan. 


3 


80-86 Washington street, Wadsworth Rowland et al... . 


16,170 


Jan. 


12 


208 and 210 Milk street and 105 Central street, M. F. Driscoll 


22,669 
41,696 


Jan. 


16 

16 


48-54 Canal street, C. C. Bailey et al 


Jan. 


400 Washington street, Brighton Congregational Church. . . 


88,418 


Jan. 


18 


41 and 43 Fulton street, Italian Importing Company et al. . . 


42,585 


Jan. 


24 

8 

8 
20 


128-134 Harvard avenue, H. G. Anthony et al 


38,506 


Feb. 


102-108 Massachusetts avenue, Newbury Shoe Company 


32,454 


Feb. 


190 and 192 Lincoln street, Max Orlick 


49,350 


Feb. 


Off Damon street, B. F. Sturtevant Company 


39,017 


Feb. 


20 


1 and 2 Blackstone street, Cuddihy Packing Company etal. . 


37,914 


Feb. 


21 


481 and 483 Neponset avenue, Boston Elevated Railway et al. 


277,532 


Feb. 


21 


935 Washington street, M. Zeit and J. Masesco et al. .. 


17,916 


Feb. 


22 


Rear 1250 Columbus avenue, Roessle Brewing Company et al. 


25,953 


Feb. 


26 
4 


12 Brookledge street, G. Morton 


15,537 


March 


Amory street, Boston Elevated Railway et al 


369,864 


March 


4 
19 


2148-2156 Washington street, Zonis Brothers et al. . . . 


17,697 


March 


82 North street, Mohawk Packing Company 


18,074 


March 20 


64 Endicott street, Zest Chocolate Company et al 


39,401 


April 


11 

13 


361 Massachusetts avenue, Dr. C. Darlem et al 


25,243 


April 


114-122 South street, W. B. Jones Leather Company et al. . 


59,650 


April 


14 


145-149 Kingston street and 30 and 32 Edinboro street, S. 
Goldstein et al 


93,829 
57,528 


April 


15 


124-128 Summer street, Chandler & Barber Company etal. . 


May 


5 

5 


257-261 Maverick street, G. R. Hobbs etal 


29 786 


May 


356 and 358 Atlantic avenue, Foster's Wharf Corporation et 
al 


20,695 
51 717 


May 


18 

20 


82-86 Fulton street, D. Goodnow et al 


May 


Deer Island, City of Boston 


20,000 


June 


1 
26 


Dover Street Bridge, City of Boston 


40 086 


June 


21 and 23 Stanhope street, Tower, Talbot & Hifer et al . 


17,481 


June 


28 


67-71 South street, A. C. Ratchesky et al 


430,501 









92 



City Document No. 11. 

Fire Losses. — Concluded. 



Date. 



Location and Owner. 



Loss. 



1921 

July 9 

July 18 

Aug. 15 

Aug. 23 

Aug. 28 

Sept. 19 

Oct. 15 

Oct. 31 

Oct. 31 

Dec. 2 

Dec. 29 

Dec 29 

Dec. 31 



60-68 Chauncy street and 51 and 53 Bedford street, Weeks 
Real Estate Trust et al 

Off Hamblin street, Charlestown Gas and Electric Company, 

10 and 12 Farnham street, R. J. L. Snyder et al 

280-292 Commercial street, 311-319 North street, C. E. 
Cotting Estate et al 

68 Hudson street, St. John of Damascus Society et al 

113-117 Causeway street, New England Trust et al 

New Allen street and 1415 Hyde Park avenue, City of Boston, 

25-31 Essex street, Cosmopolitan Trust Company, Storage, 

10 Hampden street, Roxbury, Chadwick Boston Lead Com- 
pany 

498-506 Commercial street, Bloom Wool Stock Company 
et al 

332 Washington street, F. L. Dunne et al 

114-122 South street, Burke Brothers, Inc., et al 

200 Hanover street, Daniels & Wilson et al 



$57,553 
29,258 
18,411 

19,628 
20,148 
60,722 
21,000 
15,569 

18,508 

27,607 
16,141 
23,345 
27,830 



Statistics. 
Population, January 1, 1922 . 
Area square miles 
Number brick, etc., buildings . 
Number wooden buildings 
Fires in brick and stone buildings 
Fires in wooden buildings 

Out of city 

Not in buildings, false and needless 

Total alarms .... 





Est. 


821,907 
47.81 
32,731 
76,436 


1,569 






1,127 






33 






2,518 







5,247 



Fire Loss for the Year Ending December 31, 1921. 



Buildings, loss insured 
Contents, loss insured 



Buildings, loss not insured 
Contents, loss not insured 



Total loss buildings and contents 
Marine loss 



$162,577 
94,693 



$1,251,780 
2,499,082 

$3,750,862 



257,270 

$4,008,132 

$2,069 



Fire Department. 



93 



Yearly Loss for the Last Fifteen Years. 



Year ending February 1, 1908 

" " 1, 1909 

" 1, 1910 

1, 1911 (11 months) 

" " January 1, 1912 

1, 1913 

" 1, 1914 

" " " 1, 1915 

1, 1916 

" " " 1, 1917 

1, 1918 

" " " 1, 1919 

1, 1920 

1, 1921 

1, 1922 



$2,268,074 
3,610,000 
1,680,245 
3,159,989 
2,232,267 
2,531,017 

* 3,138,373 
3,013,269 
3,004,600 

t 2,372,489 

J 3,981,227 
2,822,109 
2,557,584 
3,139,566 
4,010,201 



* Does not include marine loss of $1,116,475, steamship ''Templemore. " 
t Does not include marine loss of $101,312, steamship ''City of Naples" et al. 
j Does not include marine loss of $75,660. 

Note. — January loss, 1911, amounting to $165,001, deducted from previous year and 
included in calendar year January 1, 1911, to January 1, 1912. 



Alarms for the Past Ten Years.* 



Yeaes. 


Bell. 


Still and 
Automatic. 


Totals. 


1921 


2,359 
2,029 
2,733 
2,413 
2,252 
2,350 
2,847 
2,945 
2,594 
2,812 


2,888 
2,456 
2,690 
2,649 
2,526 
2,128 
2,590 
2,589 
2,322 
2,432 


5,247 


1920 


4,485 


1919 


5,423 


1918 


5,062 


1917 


4,778 


1916 


4,531 


1915 


5,437 


1914 


5,534 


1913... 


4,916 


1912 


5,244 







* Each fire is treated as having only one alarm. 



Roll of Merit, Boston Fire Department. 

James F. McMahon, District Chief. 
Thomas J. Muldoon, Captain, Engine Company 16. 
Thomas H. Downey, Captain, Engine Company 22. 
Michael J. Teehan, Captain, Engine Company 24. 
Edward McDonough, Captain, Engine Company 
26-35. 



94 



City Document No. 11, 



Joseph P. Hanton, Captain, Engine Company 33. 
Dennis Driscoll, Captain, Engine Company 37. 
Frederick F. Leary, Captain, Ladder Company 3. 
Henry J. Kelly, Lieutenant, Engine Company 32. 
Timothy J. Heffron, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 9. 
Michael J. Dacey, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 20. 
John J. Kennedy, Ladderman, Ladder Company 13. 
Martin A. Kenealy, Captain, Retired. 
James E. Downey, Hoseman, Retired. 



Changes from February 1, 1921, to February 1, 1922. 

Number of men appointed to fire force ... 47 

All others 4 

Resigned 7 

Pensioned 12 

Deaths 3 

Pensioners died 17 



Members Pensioned prom February 1, 1921, to 
February 1, 1922. 



Edward A. Burbank. 
John W. S. Crossman. 
Gustavus H. Nichols. 
George H. Acres. 
Philip P. Leahy. 
James H. Meehan. 
John B. McKay. 



Garfield R. LaPlante. 
Daniel F. McGillicuddy. 
James P. Rose. 
Francis W. Sweeney. 
Jonathan M. Morris, fire 
alarm. 



Death of Members from February 1, 1921, to 
February 1, 1922. 

Charles C. Shepard. | Daniel B. McAlvin. 

Patrick Crilley, Wire Division. 



Death of Pensioners prom February 1, 1921, 
to February 1, 1922. 



William F. Seaver. 
William A. Rathburn. 
Michael J. Mulligan. 
Dennis J. Hedrington. 
Warren C. Stevens. 
William J. Toomey. 
John W. Gale. 
George H. Acres. 



Frank E. Merrill. 
Andrew C. Scott. 
John J. O'Neill. 
James E. Griffin. 
Stephen J. Ryder. 
John H. Wright. 
John R. Chapman. 
Daniel F. Buckley. 
John W. Murphy. 



Fire Department. 95 



BOSTON FIREMEN'S RELIEF FUND. 



September 20, 1921. 

To the Members of the Body Corporate of the Boston Firemen's 
Relief Fund, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Dear Sirs, — We hereby certify that we have audited the 
accounts of the Treasurer of the Boston Firemen's Relief 
Fund to the close of business August 31, 1921, and find them 
correct. 

The deposits in the banks and the checks drawn thereon 
have been compared with the accounts received from the 
banks, and have been found to agree therewith, and are all 
properly entered on the books of the treasurer. 

Income from all sources is accounted for. Payments are 
supported by proper vouchers or by paid checks, and the bal- 
ance on hand at close of business August 31, 1921, is correct. 

We examined the securities belonging to the fund, consist- 
ing of $167,000 City of Boston registered bonds; $8,000 Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy coupon bonds; $54,100 Liberty Loan; 
$7,000 City of San Francisco Hospital; $13,000 City of New 
Bedford bonds, and certificates of stocks received from the 
estates of Anne Sargent and Franklin P. Hyde, also $1,000 
war savings stamps. 

We have seen a bond issued by the American Surety Com- 
pany of New York to Henry J. McNealy, treasurer, for $25,000. 

A summary of receipts and disbursements for the year end- 
ing August 31, 1921, is appended hereto. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Amos D. Albee Son & Co., 

Certified Public Accountants. 



96 



City Document No. 11. 



Receipts and Disbursements from September 1, 1920, to 

August 31, 1921. 

Receipts. 

Balance September 1, 1920 $7,280 01 

Amount received from ball fund .... 22,412 15 
Interest on bonds .... $7,273 75 
Less accrued interest paid . . 151 35 



Interest on Liberty Loan bonds 
Dividends on stocks . 
Interest on deposits . 

Donations 

City of Boston bonds matured 

Sale of American Telephone and Telegraph rights, 

Sale of typewriter 



7,122 40 

2,372 12 

226 25 

207 22 

1,052 50 

10,000 00 

4 46 

12 50 



,689 61 



Disbursements. 
Death and sick benefits, gratuities, 
medical attendance and medicine, 
Less refunds 



$22,392 25 
327 85 



Salaries 

Treasurer's bond 

Box at International Trust Company's vaults, 

Auditing, twelve months 

Expenses, stationery, printing, etc. 

Typewriter purchased 

Legal services 

Bonds purchased 



Balance, Exchange Trust Company 
Balance, American Trust Company 



,064 40 

675 00 

62 50 

10 00 

180 00 

684 25 

75 00 

2,227 20 

19,437 90 



,416 25 

5,230 55 

42 81 

,689 61 



Respectfully submitted, 

Henry J. McNealy, Treasurer. 



CITY OF BOSTON 
'HINTING DEPARTMENT 



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