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ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

FIRE DEPARTMENT 

AND WIRE DIVISION 

OP THE 

CITY OF BOSTON 



FOR IHE 



TEAR ENDING JANUARY 31, 1923 






CITY OF BOSTON 

PRINTING DEPARTMENT 

1923 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualreport1923bost 



[Document 11 — 1923.] 






^ (d®:k]1])Ita^. ^/J 

\^>, 10 so. ^r^ 
ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

FIRE DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1922-23. 



Boston, February 1, 1923. 

Hon. James M. Curley, 

Mayor of the City of Boston: 

Dear Sir,— I have the honor to submit, in accord- 
ance with section 24, chapter 3, Revised Ordinances of 
1914, City of Boston, the annual report of the Fire 
Department for the year ending January 31, 1923. 

I assumed the office of Fire Commissioner on August 
24, 1922, reheving Major WilHam J. Casey, Superin- 
tendent of the Printing Department, who had served 
as acting Fire Commissioner from April 1, 1922. Dur- 
ing the interim from February 1, 1922, to April 1, 1923, 
the office of Fire Commissioner was held by acting Fire 
Commissioner Joseph P. Manning, chairman of the 
Board of Trustees of the Boston City Hospital. 

Finances. 

The total expenditure for the department for the 
year was $3,375,809.93, which includes an appropria- 



2 City Document No. 11. 

tion of $85,537.27 expended by the Wire Division, and 
the following amounts expended under special appro- 
priations : 

Engine 7, new building . . $16,764 16 

Remodeling house. Engines 26 and 35 . 11,542 83 

Remodeling house, Engine 28 and Ladder 10 9,997 00 

Total special appropriations . . . $38,303 99 

The revenue of the department for the year amounted 
to $72,589.66. 

Fire Loss. 

During the year the department responded to 6,134 
alarms, of which number 2,733 were box alarms. The 
remainder were what is known as still alarms, i. e., 
automatic, telephone, etc. While the total number of 
alarms responded to is higher than it has been for 
many years, it should be noted that the loss for 1922 
amounted to $3,304,595, or $705,606 less than in the 
previous year. In my opinion there is little oppor- 
tunity for comparison between the fire loss of ten years 
ago and the fire loss of today. There is no question but 
that the high fire losses of today can be attributed to 
the inflation of property values which has prevailed 
during and since the war. The same property destroyed 
in 1912 and 1922 would show a much larger loss for the 
latter year. 

Motorization. 

Ten new pieces of motor apparatus were added to 
the department during the year and were placed in 
service displacing some of the old horse-drawn equip- 
ment. The motorization of the department has been 
gradual but not rapid. In my opinion the time has 
arrived for the city to complete the motorization of its 
equipment. I believe the proper policy to pursue 
would be to appropriate sufficient money to complete 
the motorization of the department in 1923. Only in 
this way will the Boston Fire Department keep astride 
of the other cities of the country and maintain its high 
standard of efficiency. 

I earnestly recommend therefore that an appropria- 
tion large enough to carry out this policy be provided 



Fire Department. c 

for 1923 so that all horse-drawn equipment may be dis- 
placed, and motor-driven apparatus installed through- 
out the department. 



Bureau of Fire Prevention and Intelligence. 

During the year the Fire Prevention Bureau was 
completely reorganized. Instead of detailing fifteen 
men to the Bureau at headquarters, two men from 
each district were detailed as inspectors within their 
respective districts. These men are under the direction 
of their superior officers. The advantages gained from 
this change are many. In particular, the men inspect 
buildings in their local districts where they are called 
upon to fight fires and are thereby given an oppor- 
tunity to familiarize themselves with the conditions in 
their own districts, and gain considerable valuable 
information which will be of assistance to the depart- 
ment in many emergencies. 



Department Schools. 

The schools of the department have been success- 
fully conducted throughout the year. Many members 
of departments from various cities and towns in New 
England were permitted to attend our schools upon the 
request of their chief officers. At the present time the 
department conducts a Fire College, Drill School, 
Chauffeurs' School, Engineers' School, and a School for 
Instruction in the Care of Motor Apparatus. 

In addition to the foregoing the Fire Department 
co-operated with the Massachusetts Department of 
Education, Division of University Extension, so that 
members of this department were afforded an opportun- 
ity to take advantage of the University Extension 
Courses conducted by the Commonwealth. 

In conjunction with Boston Metropofitan Chapter, 
The American Red Cross, courses in resuscitation were 
conducted in the department, and every member was 
drilled in the Shafer Prone Method of Resuscitation. 
Exercises in this method of resuscitation have been 
included in the weekly drills of each company, and the 
lessons learned in these cases have been successfully 
applied on several occasions. 



City Document No. 11. 



Fire Alarm Boxes. 



There are now 1,268 boxes in the fire alarm system, 
an increase of thirty-two dm'ing the year. Over nine 
hundred of these boxes are accessible to the public, and 
the remainder are private boxes. During the year 
all fire alarm boxes and posts were painted. 

Miscellaneous. 

Thawing devices were placed on motor pumping 
engines of the department for use during freezing 
weather. A thawing device is an essential part of the 
equipment of gasolene pumping engines, and is neces- 
sary for use when a frozen hydrant is encountered at 
a fire. 

The work of remodehng the quarters of Engine Com- 
pany 28 and Ladder Company 10, Centre street, Jamaica 
Plain, was completed at a cost of $14,995. 

A contract amounting to $38,900 was let for a new 
house for Engine Company 7, East street. The work 
is now going forward, but was slightly delayed owing 
to difficulty in obtaining materials and being hampered 
by labor conditions. 

Recommendations. 

There are three important matters which require 
immediate attention if the Boston Fire Department is 
to maintain the high position it has held for many years. 

The first of these items is the fire alarm office. 

When the present site on Bristol street was selected 
for a fire alarm office no doubt those who made the 
selection felt it would take care of the needs of the city 
for many years. Nevertheless, the capacity of the fire 
alarm office is overtaxed at the present time. There 
is no room whatever to accommodate the future needs of 
the city. In addition the office is exposed to a very 
serious fire hazard. Several serious fires have occurred 
in recent years in the immediate vicinity of the fire 
alarm office, and it is only due to the extra precautions 
taken that the office has been preserved. 

I heartily recommend that a thorough study be made 
of this problem with the idea in view to erect an adequate 
and fireproof fire alarm station somewhere in the park 
system of the city where there will be no exposure 
hazard of any kind. 



Fire Department. 5 

Another important item which requires attention 
is the condition of the fire stations of the city. 

The buildings now used for fire stations were erected 
many years ago, and at the present time do not conform 
to the requirements of a modern fire department. Some 
changes have been made but the progress has been 
very slow. Today we have stations which were erected 
to house horse-drawn equipment and small companies 
of men. Motor apparatus has replaced the horses, and 
the personnel of the companies has increased. The 
houses generally have not been changed to meet the 
demands of the new conditions. In many cases they 
are uncomfortable and unsafe, and in some cases un- 
sanitary. 

I recommend that a program be mapped out and 
followed, calling for the appropriation of a certain 
amount of money each year, to provide for remodeling 
department houses. The expense to accomplish this 
result would be too great to be assumed in any one 
year. 

The location of Engine Company 26-35 on Mason 
street has come under my close observation. This, as 
is well known, is a very narrow street, and due to this 
and the congested traffic conditions in this particular 
section of the city, the apparatus located here is greatly 
hampered in responding to alarms of fires. Parking 
is permitted on the street, and delivery trucks are 
constantly coming and going. 

After studying this question for some time I have 
come to the conclusion that a location at the junctioza 
of Shawmut avenue and Tremont street would be a 
proper and excellent location for a central fire station 
to house the chief of department, district chief and the 
two companies now stationed in Mason street. There 
is land owned by the city over the subway entrance 
which would provide an excellent site for a fire station, 
and the junction of streets at this location would improve 
the opportunity for the apparatus stationed in a house 
there to get a good start in responding to an alarm of 
fire. 

Conclusion. 

I desire to record here the wonderful spirit of co-opera- 
tion manifested by the citizens of Boston in any matters 
concerning the Fire Department. Through their assist- 
ance and co-operation we have been particularly able 



6 City Document No. 11. 

to make the various Fire Prevention and Clean-Up 
Campaigns successful. 

I also wish to express my appreciation of the assistance 
and co-operation rendered to me and the Fire Depart- 
ment in general by the heads of the various city depart- 
ments and public service corporations, 

I wish to extend to all employees of the department 
my sincere thanks for the excellent manner in which 
they have performed their duties at all times, and I 
appreciate their earnest endeavor to maintain the high 
standard of efficiency which exists in the Boston Fire 
Department. 

Yours very truly, 

Theodore A. Glynn, 

Fire Commissioner. 



Names of Chief Engineees, or Chief of Department, 
Since the Fire Department Was Established, 
January, 1826. 



Samuel D. Harris 
Thomas C. Amory 
William Bamicoat 
Elisha Smith, Jr. 
George W. Bird 
John S. Damrell . 
William A. Green* 
Lewis P. Webber 
William T. Cheswell 
John A. Mullen . 
John Grady* 
Peter F. McDonough 
Peter E. Walsh . 
John O. Taber . 



1826-28 
1829-35 
1836-53 
1854-55 
1856-65 
1866-74 
1874-84 
1884-1901 
1901-06 
1906-14 
1914 
1914-19 
1919-22 
1922 



* Appointed Fire Commissioner. 



Fire Department. 



REPORT OF CHIEF OF DEPARTMENT. 



BosTON^, June 1, 1923. 

Fkom: The Chief of Department. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report, 1922-23. 

I beg to submit the following summary of activities of 
the department in general for the fiscal year 1922-23: 

Fire Loss. 

Loss (exclusive of Marine loss) .... $3,304,595 79 
Marine loss 14,336 42 

Total loss $3,318,932 21 

Number of alarms 6,134 

Average loss (each) $541 00 

Number of actual fires ...... 5,159 

Average loss (each) $643 00 

Additions and Changes. 

Apparatus. 

May 29, 1922, an American LaFrance motor-driven 
85-foot aerial truck was placed in service with Ladder 
Company 13, replacing a Christie tractor-drawn aerial 
truck. Weight, fully equipped, without men, 10,500 
pounds; 72 horse power. 

June 12, 1922, an American LaFrance combination 
hose and chemical car was placed in service with Chemi- 
cal Company 5, replacing old American LaFrance com- 
bination chemical car. Weight, fully equipped, without 
men, 10,500 pounds; 72 horse power. 

June 28, 1922, a Christie tractor-drawn steam fire 
engine was placed in service with Engine Company 4, 
replacing horse-drawn steam fire engine and three horses. 
Weight, fully equipped, without men, 14,210 pounds; 
48.6 horse power. 

July 13, 1922, an American LaFrance 750-gallon 
combination pumper and hose motor car was placed in 



8 City Document No. 11. 

service with Engine Company 6, replacing horse-drawn 
steam fire engine and three horses. Weight, fully 
equipped, without men, 11,030 pounds; 72 horse power. 

July 19, 1922, an American LaFrance 750-gallon com- 
bination pumper and motor hose car was placed in service 
with Engine Company 12, replacing horse-drawn steam 
fire engine and three horses. Weight, fully equipped, 
without men, 11,030 pounds; 72 horse power. 

July 19, 1922, an American LaFrance combination 
hose and chemical car was placed in service with Engine 
Company 12. Weight, fully equipped, without men, 
9,470 pounds; 72 horse power. This replaces a horse- 
drawn hose wagon and two horses. 

July 21, 1922, an American LaFrance 750-gallon com- 
bination pumper and hose motor car was placed in-serv- 
ice with Engine Company 24. Weight, fully equipped, 
without men, 11,030 pounds; 72 horse power. This 
replaces horse-drawn hose wagon and two horses. 

July 28, 1922, Chemical Company 10 was disbanded, 
the apparatus placed in reserve, and the members of 
the company reassigned. 

August 1, 1922, an American LaFrance combination 
hose and chemical car was placed in service with Engine 
Company 13, replacing horse-drawn hose wagon and two 
horses. Weight, fully equipped, without men, 9,470 
pounds; 72 horse power. 

August 1, 1922, an American LaFrance 750-gallon 
combination pumper and hose motor car was placed in 
service with Engine Company 13, replacing horse-drawn 
steam fire engine and three horses. Weight, fully 
equipped, without men, 11,030 pounds; 72 horse power. 

August 1, 1922, a Mack, truck, equipped for carrying 
coal, was installed as a fuel car, and housed in the quar- 
ters of Rescue Company 1. 

August 9, 1922, an American LaFrance 750-gallon 
combination pumper, hose and chemical car was placed 
in service with Engine Company 49, replacing a Seagrave 
combination hose and chemical motor car. Weight, 
fully equipped, without men, 11,030 pounds; 72 horse 
power. 

August 10, 1922, an American LaFrance 1,000-gallon 
combination pump and hose motor car was placed in 
service with Engine Company 7, replacing horse-drawn 
steam fire engine, hose wagon and five horses. Weight, 
fully equipped, without men, 11,500 pounds; 72 horse 
power. 



Fire Department. 9 

August 10, 1922, a Christie front-drive tractor, 
attached to a horse-drawn city service ladder truck, was 
placed in service with Ladder Company 26, replacing 
horse-drawn ladder truck and three horses. Weight, 
fully equipped, without men, 13,600 pounds; 48.6 
horse power. 

August 25, 1922, a Seagrave combination hose and 
chemical car was placed in service with Engine Company 
45. Weight, fully equipped, without men, 9,470 pounds; 
48.6 horse power. The addition of this piece of appara- 
tus makes this a double-unit company. 

October 13, 1922, Chemical Company 5 was disbanded, 
the apparatus placed in reserve, and the members of the 
company reassigned. 

October 13, 1922, an American LaFrance combination 
chemical and hose motor car was placed in service with 
Engine Company 48. Weight, fully equipped, without 
men, 9,470 pounds; 48.6 horse power. The addition of 
this piece of apparatus makes this a double-unit com- 
pany. 

October 17, 1922, an American LaFrance combination 
chemical and hose motor car was placed in service with 
Engine Company 37, replacing an old type American 
LaFrance hose motor car. Weight, fully equipped, 
without men, 9,470 pounds; 72 horse power. 

November 29, 1922, an American LaFrance combina- 
tion chemical and hose motor car was placed in service 
with Engine Company 45, replacing Seagrave hose motor 
car which was installed on August 25, 1922. Weight, 
fully equipped, without men, 9,470 pounds; 48.6 horse 
power. 

December 11, 1922, a Seagrave combination chemical 
and hose motor car was placed in service with Engine 
Company 1, replacing old type American LaFrance hose 
motor car. Weight, fully equipped, without men, 
11,600 pounds; 48.6 horse power. 

December 18, 1922, Reserve Tower, Serial No. 402, 
was placed in service with Tower Company 1, thus re- 
placing Tower 1. 

January 8, 1923, an American LaFrance combination 
pumper and hose motor car was placed in service with 
Engine Company 43, replacing a Christie tractor-drawn 
steam fire engine. Weight, fully equipped, without 
men, 11,030 pounds; 72 horse-power. 

January 8, 1923, an American LaFrance combination 
pumper and hose motor car was placed in service with 



10 City Document No. 11. 

Engine Company 11, replacing old type American 
LaFrance pumper. Weight, fully equipped, without 
men, 10,830 pounds; 72 horse-power. 

January 8, 1923, an American LaFrance combination 
pumper and hose motor car was placed in service with 
Engine Company 19, replacing a Seagrave pumper. 
Weight, fully equipped, without men, 11,030 pounds; 
72 horse-power. 

January 8, 1923, an American LaFrance combination 
pumper and hose-motor car was placed in service with 
Engine Company 53, replacing a Seagrave pumper. 
Weight, fully equipped, without men, 12,200 pounds; 
72 horse-power. 

January 13, 1923, an American LaFrance combination 
pump and hose motor car was placed in service with 
Engine Company 45, replacing the American LaFrance 
pumper installed on November 29, 1922. Weight, fully 
equipped, without men, 12,200 pounds; 72 horse-power. 

Chiefs^ Automobiles. 

There were four (4) new automobiles purchased for 
use by various chief officers, thus replacing vehicles that 
had become worn through constant service. 

Buildings. 

The remodeling of the quarters of Engine Companies 
26-35 was completed, the said work consisting of adding 
an additional floor, thus making the same a three-story 
structure. By this change the men are afforded the 
advantage of more comfortable quarters, in view of the 
fact that the companies are two of the most important in 
the down-town section. 

In the outlying section of the city, the upper floors of 
Engine House 28 were entirely reconstructed to conform 
to the requirements of the building law, and also to 
afford more commodious quarters to the members 
housed therein. 

At the quarters of Ladder Company 23, in the Grove 
Hall section, provisions were made, by extensive altera- 
tions, for the housing of the deputy chief of the third 
division. The dormitory and officers' rooms were also 
relocated to provide more adequate facilities for all 
members concerned. 

At the quarters of Engine 1 and Ladder 5, a double 



Fire Department. • 11 

company, the entire interior was painted, the tile work 
and chimney repaired, the plaster repaired, and the 
radiator relocated. 

Work was commenced on removing the stucco from 
the exterior of the quarters of Engine Company 44, and 
replacing the same with copper shingles, thus providing 
a more substantial structure. This work, however, will 
not be completed until the early part of the coming 
fiscal year. 

Apparatus and Equipment. 

Thorough inspections and tests of apparatus, equip- 
ment, and hose were made from time to time during the 
past year. Wherever defects were discovered, replace- 
ments and repairs were immediately made, in order that 
at no time should there be an impairment of service. 

Building Inspection. 

The past practice of systematic weekly inspections by 
officers was continued this year, as it was found that 
constant attention in this respect was essential, due to 
the disregard by many property owners and tenants, of 
warnings issued by this department to clear stairways, 
dispose of unsightly and dangerous accumulations, and 
to comply with the city ordinances. It is only in this 
manner that the safety of tenants and employees can be 
assured. 

Theaters, moving-picture houses, and halls were 
inspected weekly, and particular stress was laid upon the 
condition of fire-extinguishing appliances, as in a great 
many instances in the past the owners of these particular 
types of structures were wont to neglect this phase of 
protection afforded their patrons. 

All public buildings and schoolhouses were inspected 
monthly, and the conditions as found were forwarded 
through channels to department headquarters. Defec- 
tive conditions were noted and immediate steps were 
taken to remedy the same. 

On April 20 the Fire Prevention Bureau was reorgan- 
ized and renamed ''The Bureau of Fire Prevention and 
Intelligence." The inspection squad, comprising one 
officer and fifteen privates, was relieved from duty and 
the members thereof were assigned to various com- 
panies throughout the department. Hereafter, inspec- 
tions are to be carried on by two privates from each 



12- City Document No. 11. 

district (a total of thirty inspectors) who will forward 
their reports promptly through channels to department 
headquarters for disposition. It is intended to cover 
a much wider field under this plan than has heretofore 
been the case. 

Fire Card. 

Preliminary steps are now under way in the formation 
of a Fire Card, the object of which is to answer as 
accurately and promptly as possible such questions as 
inevitably arise in the mind of the officer in command at 
a fire, as he forms for battle and hurriedly plans how 
best to strike. Such information at such a moment may 
often mean the difference between a knock-out and a 
drag-out fight, between small losses and large losses. 

As an aid to the fire chief in determining his best line 
of attack, the card aims to inform him of the character 
of the battleground and of the factors favorable or 
unfavorable in the situation. It, therefore, shows: 

1. The accesses or ''holes," whether cut through walls, as 
entrances, fire-doors, etc., or through floors, as stairways, 
elevator wells, etc. 

2. The "helps," such as sprinklers, standpipes, fire- 
escapes, etc. 

3. The "hindrances" or obstructive features, such as 
structural weaknesses, exposures, contents of menacing 
nature, etc. 

4. Any other information of fire-fighting value. 

The card is devised to furnish maximum information 
in minimum space, with an assigned place for each item, 
so that any required point may be readily located. The 
filling out will involve very little time or trouble, once 
the facts are in hand ; and, with the makeup of the card 
understood, the information contained can be readily 
grasped. 

The card takes cognizance only of the 'permanent, 
features of a building. Unlawful conditions of temporary 
nature, and easily remedied, will not be noted on the card 
but memorandum of such should be made and referred 
to the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Intelligence for 
action. 



Fire Department. 13 

Collectively, the cards constitute advance studies of 
potential battle-grounds, with a view to basing opera- 
tions on exact knowledge, rather than on guess-work, 
when the crisis comes. 

Mutual Aid. 

The department responded to thirty-one (31) alarms 
of fire outside of the city limits, divided as follows : 

Cambridge, 1; Somerville, 11; Milton, 19. 

It is indeed gratifying to note that much good has 
accrued as a result of this plan of interchange of service 
in time of urgent necessity. 

Schools. 

During the year eleven (11) appointees successfully 
passed the thirty days' intensive course of instructions 
in the department drill school. A member of the 
Natick Fire Department was also present during this 
time. 

One hundred thirty-two (132) members of this depart- 
ment attended the lectures at the Fire College. Nine (9) 
representatives from Lynn, Everett, Natick and Milton 
also attended the course of lectures. The subjects 
covered were Marine Fires, Fire Alarm Operation, 
Building Inspection, Fire Prevention, Motor Apparatus, 
Water, Explosives and Combustibles, Fire-Fighting 
Tools and Appliances, Discipline, and Fire Extinguish- 
ment. 

It is pleasing to note, in connection with the above 
courses mentioned, that the popularity of the subjects 
treated has attracted the attention of the officials of 
neighboring cities and towns, who have seen fit to send 
as many men as possible to gain an insight into the 
most modern methods employed in the prevention and 
extinguishment of fire. 

One hundred eighty-six (186) members attended the 
Chauffeurs' School, receiving practical road lessons 
through the most congested sections of the city, and 
were also instructed in the care and operation of motor 
vehicles. 



14 City Document No. 11. 

One hundred twelve (112) members attended the 
motor pump school, and were given practical instruc- 
tions in the care and operation of gasolene pumping 
engines under every possible condition that is to be met 
at any fire that may occur. 

The small number of men who attended the Steam 
Fire Engine School, seven (7) in all, is due to the fact 
that the steam fire engine as a medium of fire extin- 
guishment is gradually but surely being supplanted by 
the gasolene-driven pumping engine, which latter ap- 
paratus, for fire-fighting purposes, is by far more effec- 
tive. 

Fire Prevention Week. 

The week from October 2 to 9 was set aside as Fire 
Prevention Week, and, in addition to the usual inspec- 
tions by district and company officers, one member from 
each engine and ladder company, in its subdistrict 
inspected the cellars and yards of stores, and the cellars, 
backstairs and roofs of dwelling houses containing three 
or more families, with a view towards causing the 
removal of combustible rubbish, obstructions to egress, 
etc. The said inspections were made between meal 
periods, viz., 10 a. m. to 12 m. and 3 p. m. to 5 p. m. 
Each inspector submitted to department headquarters, 
daily, the street and number of each building inspected. 

The inspectors detailed to the Bureau of Fire Preven- 
tion and Intelligence, together with such additional 
members of the department who were placed in this serv- 
ice during the week in question, inspected the high 
value district of the city for the purpose of causing the 
removal of combustible rubbish, articles blocking egress, 
and other simple but hazardous conditions tending to 
create a fire menace. 

Lectures on Fire Prevention were delivered by district 
and company officers in the various pubhc schools, upon 
request; also fire drills were held during the week. 
District chiefs arranged with masters of the several 
schools for the time for lectures and drills. The sub- 
jects covered in these lectures were for the most part 
taken from the following bases : 

Statistics show a property loss by fire in the country of 
approximately $500,000,000, with an estimated loss of life of 
upwards of fifteen thousand persons. 

Experts say that eighty (80) per cent of the above loss of life 
and property was due to carelessness. 



Fire Department. 15 

One of the most prolific causes of loss of life and property 
from fire is the careless habit of permitting accumulations of 
waste combustible material in cellars, attics, etc. 

Company Drills. 

1. The annual company drills at Headquarters com- 
menced September 1, 1922, and were completed Novem- 
ber 13, 1922. While the main purpose of the drills is to 
acquire accuracy and standards in the execution of the 
duties of firemen, nevertheless the drills this year were 
marked not only in increased efficiency in these two 
characteristics, but in a general reduction in time of 
performance over that of previous years. The evolutions 
performed were as follows: 

1. Connect two lines, 100 feet each, from engine to deluge 
set. 

2. Connect two lines, 100 feet each, from engine to Morse 
gun. 

3. Raise 50-foot ladder to fourth floor window and dog same. 

4. Run 200 feet of 2|-inch line over 50-foot ladder, up 
stairway and show pipe out fifth floor window. 

5. Raise 30-foot ladder to fire escape, carry 17-foot ladder 
over same to story above. Dog 30-foot ladder. 

6. Run 250 feet of 2|-inch line over 30-foot ladder, over 
fire escape to roof, 75 feet from ground. 

7. Take life line and haul 25-foot ladder to roof 75 feet from 
ground. 

8. Take life line, haul 200 feet 2J-inch hose to roof. 

9. Run 100 feet 2|-inch hose from engine, connect Morse 
gate and Bresnan nozzle. 

10. Connect chuck to hydrant (flexible suction), water to 
engine. 

2. The following pages show the result of the drills 
in which all companies participated, except the three 
fireboat crews. These tables show the list of companies 
drilling, the time consumed in each evolution, and the 
time consumed by each company in completing all 
evolutions. 



16 



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18 



City Document No. 11. 













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20 



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22 



City Document No. 11. 



Hydrants. 

The following is a list of the types and number of each, 
of hydrants, in service for fire purposes, as of January 
31, 1923: 



Ordinary post 

Boston post 

Lowry 

Boston lowry 

Bachelder & Finneran post 

High pressure 

Boston 

Chapman post . 

Ludlow post 

Matthew post 

Coffin post . 

Total . 



4,134 

3,275 

1,413 

580 

376 

313 

272 

192 

20 

4 

2 

10,581 



High Pressure System. 

The records of our two high pressure stations for the 
year are as follows: 

Station No. 1 . — Total alarms to which pumps re- 
240; total time pumps actually operated^ 
38 minutes. Gallons of water discharged. 



No. 2.- — Total alarms to which pumps re- 
169; total time pumps actually operated, 
minutes. Gallons of water discharged, 



sponded, 

60 hours 

230,000. 

Station 
sponded, 
75 hours 39 
832,000. 

A description of the Venturi meter, used in recording 
the water discharge, will no doubt prove of great interest. 
There is one installed in each station, and it resembles 
a tall, clocklike instrument, placed in line with and 
adjoining the operating board. Inside of the casing 
are two independent clocks. One of these revolves the 
chart on which the fluctuating flows are recorded in red 
ink, i.e., the exact amount and the exact time correspond- 
ing with our standard time. The other clock operates 
the continuous flows similar to a gas-meter, and after 
each working fire, the latest reading may be subtracted 
from the previous one, and this manner it is possible to 
obtain the flow for either the individual operation or the 
operations for the entire year. 

The indicators on this meter are actuated by the 
velocity of the water passing through a short section of 



Fire Department. 23 

pipe placed in the main discharge hne and outside of the 
station. The contracted pipe is 16 inches at the entrance 
and 9 inches at the throat, and the water in passing 
through this pipe at high velocity does so with a differ- 
ence in pressures. 

The difference in pressures, above-mentioned, is 
brought to the clock arrangement by two three-quarter 
inch brass pipes which change the position of the two 
columns of mercury and floats, and by this change the 
gallons passing through per minute are calibrated. 
Furthermore, owing to the construction of these meters 
they do not record flows under six hundred gallons per 
minute. 

The accuracy of the Venturi meter is unquestioned, in 
view of the fact that its records and readings are accepted 
by the National Board of Fire Underwriters as authentic. 
In addition to the recording of flows, the meter also keeps 
the operator posted as to what his pumps are doing, thus 
enabling him to intelligently cut in other pumps at the 
proper time, and, conversely, if need be, to discontinue 
them. 

From time to time tests have been conducted from 
both stations, at which representatives were present 
from leading underwriting boards, both national and 
local, all of which tests were very successful. 

I can truthfully say that the High Pressure problem 
in the City of Boston has passed through the experimen- 
tal stages, and from the practical work performed under 
stress, it has proven an absolute necessity in the extin- 
guishment of fires in the high value section of the city. 
It is hoped that rapid strides will be made in the exten- 
sion of this system in the future, in order that the city 
may be adequately protected at all times. 

Recommendations. 
Apparatus. 
In order that the motorization of this department may 
be one hundred per cent complete, and, furthermore, in 
order that we may be enabled to dispose of horses 
entirely from our fire service, I earnestly recommend the 
acquisition of the following major motor-driven fire- 
fighting apparatus to be located in the houses specified: 

Engine Company 9, Paris Street, East Boston. — One 
750-gallon pumper, one combination chemical and hose 
car to replace horse-drawn engine and hose wagon. 



24 City Document No. 11. 

Engine Company 40, Sumner Street, East Boston. — 
One 750-gallon pumper, one combination chemical and 
hose car to replace horse-drawn engine and hose wagon. 

Engine Company 27, Elm Street, Charlestown. — One 
750-gallon pumper, one combination chemical and hose 
car to replace horse-drawn engine and hose wagon. 

Engine Company 32, Bunker Hill Street, Charlestown. — 
One 750-gallon pumper, one combination chemical and 
hose car to replace horse-drawn engine and hose wagon. 

Engine Company 29, Chestnut Hill Avenue, Brighton. — 
One 750-gallon pumper, one combination chemical and 
hose car to replace horse-drawn engine and hose wagon. 

Engine Company 34, Western Avenue, Brighton. — One 
750-gallon pumper, one combination chemical and hose 
car to replace horse-drawn engine and hose wagon. 

Engine Company 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester. — 
One 750-gallon pumper to replace Christie tractor-drawn 
steam fire engine. 

Engine Company 22, Warren Avenue, South End. — 
One 750-gallon pumper to replace Christie tractor-drawn 
steam fire engine. 

Engine Company 43, Andrew Square, South Boston. — 
One 750-gallon pumper to replace Christie tractor-drawn 
steam fire engine. 

Note. — The three latter-mentioned tractors are prac- 
tically worn out, and have proven unreliable in their 
response, due to the fact that the distances to be trav- 
ersed are so exceptionally long. 

Ladder Company 3, Harrison Avenue, South End. — 
One city service truck to replace horse-drawn truck. 

Ladder Company 19, Fourth Street, South Boston. — 
One city service truck to replace horse-drawn truck. 

Ladder Company 23, Washington Street, Dorchester.— 
One city service truck to replace horse-drawn truck. 

Ladder Company 24, North Grove Street, West End. — 
One city service truck to replace horse-drawn truck. 

Ladder Company 27, Walnut Street, Dorchester. — One 
city service truck to replace horse-drawn truck. 

Ladder Company 7, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester.— 
One city service truck to replace obsolete motor-driven 
truck. 

Note. — This truck is only dependable when there 
is no snow on the ground and the weather is normal. 
Once the cold weather sets in, it is utterly useless, and 
should never be part of the fire-fighting equipment of an 
up-to-date fire department. 



Fire Department. 25 

Ladder Company 2, Paris Street, East Boston. — One 
75-feet aerial truck to replace horse-drawn apparatus. 

Ladder Company 9, Main Street, Charlestown. — One 
75-foot aerial truck to replace horse-drawn apparatus. 

Reserve Apparatus. 
One 750-gallon pumper. 

Fire Stations. 

In order that the fire stations in which our men are 
housed shall conform more strictly to modern building 
construction, and, furthermore, that the floors shall be 
fireproof ed in contemplation of the motorization of many 
companies now having horse-drawn apparatus, I submit 
herewith a list of quarters requiring new structures or 
extensive remodelling and repairs: 

Engine Company 12. — General repairs and re- 
modelling. 

Engine Company 11, Ladder Company 21. — Fire- 
proofing and general improvements. 

Engine Company 13. — Alterations and showers. 

Engine Company 19. — Remodelling and installation 
of shower baths. 

Engine Company 20, Ladder Company 27. — Shower 
baths and general alterations. 

Engine Company 24- — General repairs and shower 
baths. 

Engine Company 27. — Fireproofing apparatus floor 
and improving conditions generally. 

Engine Company 28. — Completion of work under- 
taken under a special appropriation for general rebuild- 
ing. 

Engine Company 32. — General repairs and shower 
baths. 

Engine Company 3^. — Fireproofing apparatus floor. 

Engine Company Ifi. — New building. 

Ladder Company 12. — Repairs to dormitory. 

Chemical Company 7. — General repairs and shower 
baths. 

Conclusion. 

To the Boston Board of Fire Underwriters, the Na- 
tional Board of Fire Underwriters, the New England 
Insurance Exchange and the National Fire Protection 
Association, who so kindly co-operated with this depart- 



26 City Document No. 11. 

ment in the development of many progressive measures 
tending towards the ehmination of the many common 
causes of fire, I wish to extend my sincere appreciation. 
Also to the various municipal departments, public 
service corporations, and the Boston Protective Depart- 
ment, which rendered such valuable assistance during 
the past year, I wish to express my thanks. 

Finally, to the members of the department who so 
devotedly and efficiently performed their many difficult 
and, at times, hazardous tasks, I can only express my 
heartfelt gratitude, and it is my hope that this depart- 
ment shall retain its place among the foremost fire 
departments throughout the world with a continuance 
of the high caliber of duty already demonstrated by our 
men in the past. 

Respectfully, 

John O. Taber, 

Chief of Department. 



Fire Department. 27 



FIRE ALARM BRANCH. 



From: The Superintendent of Fire Alarm Branch. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report of Fire Alarm Branch, 1922-1923. 

I submit herewith the annual report of the Fire Alarm 
Branch for the fiscal year ending January 31, 1923: 

OPERATING DIVISION. 

Note. — The records of this division are for the 
calendar year 1922. 

Box Alarms Received and Transmitted. ' 

First alarms 2,700 

Second alarms 42 

Third alarms 12 

Fourth alarms . 3 



Total . . . . 2,757 

Box Alarms Received but not Transmitted. 

Same box received two or more times for same fire . 259 

Adjacent boxes received for same fire .... 207 

Received from boxes but transmitted as stills . . 8 

Total 474 

Still Alarms Received and Transmitted. 

Received from citizens (by telephone) .... 1,909 

Received from police department (by telephone) . 290 

Received from fire department stations (by telephone) , 1,248 
Received from telephone for which box alarms were 

later transmitted 185 

Received from department boxes, transmitted as stills 8 
Mutual Aid — adjacent cities and towns, classed as 

stills 34 

Emergency services, classed as stills .... 49 

Total 3,723 



28 City Document No. 11. 



Automatic and A. D. T. Alarms. 

Boston Automatic Company, transmitted by company 

to department stations 141 

Department box alarms transmitted in connection 

with same 10 

Before automatic alarm, after automatic ... 8 

A. D. T. Company received at this office ... 50 

Department boxes transmitted in connection with 
same, before the A. D. T. alarm, 5; after the 

A. D. T, alarm, 4 9 

Received after still alarms were transmitted ... 2 

A. D. T. alarms transmitted by this office ... 39 

Summary of Alarms. 

Box alarms, including multiples ..... 3,223 

Still alarms, all classes . 3,447 

Boston Automatic Company, alarms .... 141 

A. D. T. Company, alarms 50 

Total received from all sources .... 6,861 

Exclude following duplications : 

Box alarms received and not transmitted . . 466 

Still alarms for which department box alarms were 
transmitted 185 

Boston Automatic Company, alarms for which depart- 
ment box alarms were transmitted .... 18 

A. D. T. Company alarms for which department 

box alarms were transmitted 14 



Total duplications eliminated . . . . . 683 

Total of alarms with duplications eliminated and to 
which department apparatus responded . . . 6,178 

Fire Alarm Box Records. 

Boxes from which no alarms were received . . . 472 

Box tests and inspections 10,174 

(Note. — All keyless doors are tested weekly.) 

CONSTRUCTION DIVISION. 

Exterior Work. 

The prescribed districts of 1920 and 1921, wherein 
overhead wires were to have been removed, were elim- 



Fire Department. 



29 



mated by law because of the burden imposed on cor- 
porations and city departments as a result of war 
conditions. Quite extensive improvements in the under- 
ground system were planned by this department, how- 
ever, but cable, which under the contract should have 
been delivered in October, was not delivered until after 
snow came in December and as a result the bulk of the 
work remains uncompleted. 

Fifteen fire alarm box posts, two cable test posts and 
two combination cable traffic bell posts were set. Thirty- 
four box posts and two cable test posts were reset or 
replaced by new for various reasons. Two thousand 
eight hundred seventy feet of ducts were laid under- 
ground; two manholes and three handholes were built, 
and two hundred sixty-six feet of ducts were abandoned. 

Twenty-six thousand seven hundred twenty-six feet 
of cable was hauled into underground ducts for extension 
of service and to make possible the removal of overhead 
wires and about five thousand feet of cable was installed 
to replace defective cable. Ten miles of line wire and 
sixty-six hundred feet of cable was strung on poles as 
extensions to system and to replace old and about five 
miles of wire and about four thousand feet of cable was 
removed from poles. 

Thirty-two new fire alarm boxes were established. 
Seventeen of these boxes are for the use of the general 
public. All fire alarm boxes and posts were painted. 

Many changes and additions were made to the lighting 
equipment in several department stations. 

Underground Cables Installed. 



City Proper. 

Post Office square, Milk street to Water cond. Feet. 

street 19 350 

Washington street. West street to Summer 

street 4 675 

New post connections ..... 61 100 

New post connections ..... 37 81 

New post connections 20 50 

New post connections 19 220 

New post connections 10 370 



South Boston. 

H street, East Broadway to East Fourth 
street 



10 



300 



Cond. 

19 


Feet. 

1,184 


19 


1,931 


19 
20 

4 


1,634 

70 

200 



30 City Document No. 11. 



Dorchester. 
Columbia road and Hancock street, Up- 

hams Corner to Jerome street 
Hancock street, Jerome street to Bowdoin 

street 

Bowdoin street, Hancock street to Quincy 

street 

Post and pole connections . 

Post and pole connections .... 

Roxhury and Jamaica Plain. 
Huntington avenue, Wait street to South 

Huntington avenue . . . . .10 2,065 
South Huntington avenue, Huntington 

avenue to Centre street .... 10 5,118 

Dudley street, Adams street to Engine 12, 10 1,163 

School street, Washington street to Byron 

court 10 624 

Brookline avenue, Box 2312 to Box 2316, 10 1,050 

Brookline avenue, Lansdowne street to 

Fullerton street 6 1,408 

New post and pole connections . .' . 6 290 

New post and pole connections ... 4 462 

Brighton. 

Market street, Washington street to West- 
ern avenue 10 6,040 

Summit avenue, Allston street to Com- 
monwealth avenue 

New post and pole connections . 

New post and pole connections . . 

Fire Alarm Box Posts Installed with Duct Lengths. 

South Boston. 

Feet. 

East Fourth and H streets 15 

East Sixth and I streets . 49 

G street opposite East Sixth street . . . . 110 

Dorchester. 
Massachusetts avenue and Clapp street (2 ducts) . 17 

Pleasant and Thornley streets. 

Roxbury. 
St. Mary's and Mountfort streets 107 

Jamaica Plain. 
School street opposite Byron court .... 32 



4 


493 


6 


473 


4 


375 



Fire Department. 



31 



West Roxbury. 
Poplar street and Hillside avenue . 
Belgrade and Colberg avenues 
Belgrade avenue and Bradwood street 
Beech street and Colberg avenue . 
Anawan and Clement avenues 
Maple and Garden streets 

Brighton. 
Cambridge street near Gas Works . 
Commonwealth and Summit avenues 



45 
22 
32 
18 
25 
18 



14 
18 



Fire Alarm Box Posts Reset. 

State and Kilby streets (raised to new grade) . 
Dartmouth and Buckingham streets (raised to new grade) . 
Dewey square (raised to new grade) . 

Huntington and Parker Hill avenues (raised to new grade) . 
Huntington avenue and Forsyth street (raised to new grade) . 
Jersey and Queensberry streets (raised to new grade) . 
Brookline avenue and Fullerton street (change of curb line) . 
Cambridge and Charles streets (relocated) ... 13 

Brainerd road and Gorham street (relocated) . . 18 

Stuart and Carver streets (relocated) .... 125 

Commonwealth avenue and Deerfield street (new type post) . 
Hereford and Newbury streets new type posts (2 

ducts) 15 

Congress street and Dorchester avenue (broken by truck) . 
Commonwealth avenue and Essex street (broken by truck) . 
Compton and Emerald streets (broken by truck) . 
Berkeley and Marlboro streets (broken by truck) . 
Albany and Northampton streets (broken by truck) . 
Dover street and Shawmut avenue (broken by truck) . 
Warren street and Rockville park (broken by truck) . 
West Cottage and Judson streets (broken by truck) . 
Dudley and Magnolia streets (broken by truck). 

Twelve other posts were broken by vehicles which 
required the replacement of top sections of posts. The 
post at Milk and Hawley streets was temporarily 
removed because of the construction of an office building. 

New Cable Test Posts Installed. 

Washington and Cambridge streets, Brighton. 
Washington and Harvard streets, Dorchester. 

New Combination Test-traffic Bell Posts. 
Tremont and Church streets, 2 ducts . . 13 feet 

Tremont and Eliot streets, 2 ducts ... 14 feet 



32 



City Document No. 11. 



Test Post Relocated. 
Dorchester and Centre avenues, 2 ducts . 

Additional Test Post Ducts. 

Harrison avenue and Northampton street, 2 
ducts 

New Conduits. 

Summit avenue, between Commonwealth ave- 
nue and Allston street 

K street, between Fourth and Fifth streets 

East Fourth street, near K street 

H street, between Broadway and East Fourth 
street 



16 feet 



28 feet 



423 feet 

262 feet 

70 feet 

235 feet 



New Pole Connections. 

Richmond street at Dorchester avenue (exten- 
sion) 141 feet 

Adams street at Dorchester avenue . . . 168 feet 

Washington street at River street ... 56 feet 

ColHston road at Kilsyth road .... 221 feet 

Windsor road at Corey road .... 94 feet 

Allston street at Summit avenue ... 32 feet 

Ana wan avenue at Park street .... 31 feet 

Maple street at Pomfret street .... 42 feet 

Longwood avenue at Huntington avenue . 203 feet 

Canterbury street at Circuit drive (extension) . 25 feet 

Manholes Built. 

Summit avenue at Allston street. 

K street at East Fourth street. 

K street at East Fifth street (handhole). 

H street at East Fourth street (handhole) . 

Summit avenue at Commonwealth avenue (handhole) . 



Ducts Abandoned. 

Centre avenue at Dorchester avenue, 2 ducts 
Longwood avenue at Huntington avenue 
Cambridge and Charles streets . 
Hereford and Newbury streets . 
Brainerd road, opposite Marshall terrace 
Eliot and Warrenton streets 



Public Fire Alarm Boxes Established. 

Location. 
2317. Brookline avenue and Fullerton street. 
2383. South Huntington avenue, opposite No. 200. 



73 feet 


33 feet 


12 feet 


15 feet 


35 feet 


25 feet 



Fire Department. 33 

2574. Glendower road, opposite No. 83. 

2575. Beech and Wiggin streets. 
2645. Washington and Heron streets. 
2655. North avenue and Wright road. 
2657. Centre and Stimson streets. 

2748. La Grange street and Brook Farm road. 
2752. Perham and Winslow streets. 

2763. Spring and Cypress streets. 

3126. Massachusetts avenue and Clapp streets. 

3574. Randolph and Richmond roads. 

3626. Adams and Franconia streets. 

5144. Commonwealth and Summit avenues. 

5196. Breck avenue and Brayton road. 

5299. Bellamy and Richards streets. 

646. Putnam and Falcon streets. 

SCHOOLHOUSE BoX ESTABLISHED. 

2448. School street, opposite Byron court, auxiliary to 
Theodore Roosevelt School. 

Private Fire Alarm Boxes Established. 

124 Lincoln power station. 
1288. Federal Reserve Bank. 
1548. John Hancock building. 
1668. City Hospital. 
2354. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. 
2461. Lotus place carhouse. 

252. Forest Hills storage yard. 

342. Boston Elevated carhouse, Dorchester avenue and 
Park street. 
3653. Boston Elevated carhouse, Dorchester avenue, near 
Pierce square. 

467. Boston Elevated carhouse, Arlington avenue. 

658. Boston Elevated carhouse, Eagle street. 

671. Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn Railroad shops, Orient 
Heights. 
7125. Army supply base. 
7336. Boston Elevated carhouse, P street. 

Boxes Relocated. 

1424. From John Hancock building, 178 Devonshire street 
to Massachusetts Trust building, 200 Devonshire 
street. 

1514. From Eliot and Warrenton streets to Stuart and Cai-ver 
streets. 

2764. From Spring and Gould streets to Spring and Billings 

streets. 
5126. From Brainerd road, opposite Marshall terrace, to 
Brainerd road and Gorham street. 



34 



City Document No. 11. 



5143. 



647. 



From Summit avenue and Allston street to Summit 

avenue and Corey road. 
From Condor street, near Pottery Works, to Condor 

street, near Brooks street. 



Fire Alarm Boxes in Service. 

Total number 

Owned by Fire Department .... 
Owned by Schoolhouse Department 
Owned by Automatic Fire Alarm Company 
Privately owned 



1,268 

891 

207 

63 

107 



Department Boxes. 

On fire alarm box posts 

On poles 

On buildings 

Inside buildings 

Equipped with keyless door (bell ringing attachment) 
Equipped with keyless doors (glass guards) 

Equipped with key doors 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments . 
Designated by red lights 



481 

385 

20 

5 

836 

48 

7 

15 

429 



Schoolhouse Boxes. 

On fire alarm posts . 

On poles .... 

On buildings 

Inside buildings 

Equipped with keyless doors 

Equipped with key doors 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments 

Designated by red lights . 



22 

15 
101 

69 
150 

57 
161 

20 



Automatic Fire Alarm Company Boxes. 

On poles 6 

On buildings - 19 

Inside buildings - 38 

Equipped with keyless doors 9 

Equipped with key doors ...... 54 

Private Boxes. 

On poles ,7 

On buildings 32 

Inside buildings . 68 

Equipped with keyless doors 14 

Equipped with key doors 93 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments .... 11 



Fire Department. 



35 



Classification of Fire Alarm Boxes. 



Academies 

Armory 

Asylums 

Car houses 

Cemetery 

Church 

City yard 

Home for Aged People 

Hospitals 

Hotels 

Manufacturing plants 

Museum 

Navy Yard 

OflSce buildings . 

Police station 

Power stations . 

Prison . 

Public hall . 

Pumping station 

Railroad shops . 

Railroad stations 

Railroad yards . 

Retail stores 

Restaurant . 

Schoolhouses (public) 

Schoolhouses (parochial) 

Stock yards 

Street boxes (public)' 

Theatres 

Warehouses 

Wharves 

Wholesale houses 



1 

11 
1 
1 
2 
2 

21 
5 

26 
1 
6 
5 
1 
6 
1 
1 
1 
5 
5 

12 
5 
1 
207 
2 
2 
880 

28 
9 
9 
3 



Boxes in Districts. 



District 
District 
District 
District 
District 



District 6 
District 7 
District 8 



70 
68 
33 
88 
53 
90 
86 
96 



District 9 
District 10 
District 11 
District 12 
District 13 
District 14 
District 15 



99 
95 

115 
93 

108 
95 
77 



Two boxes are located outside the city limits. 



* About one hundred schoolhouae and private boxes are accrasible to the public but 
are not counted as street boxes. 



36 



City Document No. 11. 



Posts and Cable Test Boxes. 

Fire alarm box posts in service 503 

Fire alarm box posts set, but not in service . . 10 

Test posts in service (large size) . . ... 68 

Test posts in service (small size) 13 

Pole test boxes in service (undergromid connection) . 213 

Circuits. 

Box circuits 67 

Tapper circuits "... 14 

Gong circuits 13 

Special signal circuits 3 

Telephone circuits in department system ... 52 

Telephone circuits to Beach Exchange .... 9 

Telephone circuits to Back Bay Exchange ... 1 

Telephone circuits to Police Headquarters ... 1 

Telephone circuits to A. D. T. Company office . . 1 
Telephone circuits to Edison Electric Illuminating 

Company 1 

Telephone circuits to Boston Automatic Fire Alarm 

Company 1 

Telephone connections to Protective Department . 1 

Public Clocks. 

No extensive improvements were made on any of the 
tower clocks maintained by this department. Fifty 
reports of minor troubles were corrected by members 
of this force. 

The Commercial Wharf clock, which has been main- 
tained by the city for many years, has been eliminated 
from the list of tower clocks which are cared for by this 
department. The clock is not the property of the city. 

Wires, Cables and Conduits. 

Line wire in service 228 miles. 

Aerial cable in service 26| miles. 

Conductors in same 154 miles. 

Aerial cable conductors in service . . 105 miles. 

Underground cable in service . . 167 miles. 

Conductor in same 2,375 miles. 

Underground conductors in service . . 1,269 miles. 

Conduits owned by Fire Department . . 68,439 feet. 

Ducts in Fire Department conduits . . . 85,915 feet. 

Ducts used by Fire Department in New Eng- 
land Telephone and Telegraph Company's 

system . 603,178 feet. 

Ducts used by Fire Department in Postal Tele- 
graph Company's system .... 5,717 feet. 



Fire Department. 



37 



Fire Alarm Apparatus. 

Tappers in service 153 

Boston tappers in adjacent cities and towns . . 6 
Tappers connected to adjacent city and town systems 

in Boston Fire Department stations .... 6 

Gongs in service Ill 

Registers in service, excepting those in Fire Alarm 

Office 30 

Relays in service, excepting those in Fire Alarm Office, 21 

Telephones in department system ..... 157 



Summary of Work Done. 

New line wire used 

Old wire removed from poles 

Aerial cable installed . 

Conductors in same 

Aerial cable removed from service 

Conductors in same 

Underground cable installed in ducts of New 
England Telephone and Telegraph Company, 

Conductors in same 

Underground cable installed in Boston Fire De- 
partment ducts 

Conductors in same 

Total underground cable installed (new work) 

Conductors in same 

Cable used to replace defective cable 

Conductors in same 

Underground cable removed 

Conductors in same 

Conduits laid by this department 

Ducts in same 

Ducts abandoned 

Manholes built 

Handholes built 

Fire alarm boxes installed by this department 

Fire alarm boxes installed by Schoolhouse 
Department 

Fire alarm boxes installed on private property 

Fire alarm boxes relocated .... 

Fire alarm box posts set ... . 

Fire alarm box posts relocated . 

Fire alarm box posts reset or replaced by new 

Fire alarm test posts set, small size , 

Fire alarm test posts relocated . 

Fire alarm pole test boxes installed . 



lOj miles. 

6 J miles. 

6,610 feet. 

33,500 feet. 

4,040 feet. 

34,520 feet. 

22,295 feet. 
268,909 feet. 



3,381 

41,050 

26,726 

301,704 

4,996 
86,730 

2,534 
19,800 

2,767 

2,870 
266 



feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

feet. 

2 

3 

17 

1 

14 

6 

15 

3 

18 

4 

1 

6 



George L. Fickett, 

Superintendent. 



38 



City Document No. 11. 



BUREAU OF SUPPLIES AND REPAIRS. 



Fbom: The Bureau op Supplies and Repairs. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report, 1922-1923. 

I report the following is a summary of the activities 
of the Bureau of Supplies and Repairs. 

We have connected with our bureau 104 employees 
comprising clerks, chauffeurs and mechanics represent- 
ing such trades as are necessary for our requirements. 
These men keep records, deliver suppHes, etc., and 
make repairs for the upkeep and maintenance of the 
following : 

One hundred and eighty motor vehicles, viz.: 



American LaFrance. 



27 pumping engines . 

4 pumping engines . 
17 hose cars 

3 hose cars 

3 high pressure hose cars 
13 ladder trucks 

1 instruction car 



In service . 
In reserve . 
In service . 
In reserve . 
In service . 



Seagrave. 



3 pumping engines 
10 hose cars 
2 hose cars 
1 ladder truck . 



In service . 

u 

In reserve . 
In service. 



Christie Tractors. 



13 attached to steam engines 
4 attached to steam engines 
8 attached to ladder trucks 
6 attached to ladder trucks 



In service . 
In reserve . 
In service . 
In reserve . 



Mack. 



1 hose car 
1 2-ton cable truck 
1 1 2-ton fuel truck 
1 wrecking car 



In service . 



Fire Department. 



39 



White. 



1 2-ton fuel truck 



In service. 



American and British Tractors. 



3 attached to water towers 
1 attached to water towers 



In service. 
In reserve . 



BUICKS. 

1 sedan, Commissioner's car 
8 touring cars . 
1 touring car 
20 roadsters 
7 roadsters 
1 fuel car . 



In service . 
« 

In reserve . 
In service . 
In reserve . 
In service . 



Robinson. 

1 pumping engine (being dismantled for parts) . In reserve , 

1 hose car " 

1 ladder truck . In service . 



Ford. 
4 runabouts, Fire Alarm 
4 emergency cars. Motor squad 
1 1-ton truck, Wire Division 



In service . 



Miscellaneous. 

1 Velie hose car In service . 

1 Ejiox hose car '^ 

1 Pierce Arrow, Rescue Company 1 . . . " 

2 self-propelled steam engines, one in service ; one in reserve. 

One hundred and forty-seven horse-drawn vehicles, 
viz.: 



6 steam engines 

12 steam engines 

6 hose wagons . 

6 hose wagons . 

7 ladder trucks 
4 ladder trucks 

8 chemicals 
34 hose pungs. 
21 salt pungs. 
14 salt wagons. 
29 coal wagons. 



In service. 
In reserve . 
In service . 
In reserve . 
In service . 
In reserve . 



40 City Document No, 11. 

FiREBOATS. 

3 fireboats In service . 

High Pressure Stations. 
2 high pressure pumping stations .... In service . 

Buildings. 

Headquarters building. 

Repair shop of Bureau. 

Sixty-nine fire stations. 

Coal station, Main street. 

Veterinary hospital. 

Fire alarm shop. 

Garage, Harrison avenue and Wareham street. 

Storehouse, Fourth street. 

In addition to the foregoing we receive, distribute^ 
repair, etc., all appliances, hose, uniforms and such 
other equipment required by our department. 

Motor Activities. 
New motor vehicles received during the year 

American LaFrance. 

Seven type 75, 750 gallons' capacity pumping engines. 
Three type 75, combination chemical and hose cars. 

Note.— This apparatus was submitted to the under- 
writers for inspection and test of pumps, and to our 
department officials for rigid road test, hill climbing 
and radious turning before acceptance. 

BUICKS. 

1 Sedan. 3 touring cars. 4 roadsters. 

Note. — These cars were inspected, tested and as- 
signed as follows: 

Sedan assigned to Commissioner. 
Touring assigned to captain in charge of Bureau. 
Touring assigned to Superintendent of Wire Division. 
Touring assigned to Deputy Chief, Division 1 . 
Roadster assigned to District Chief, District 6. 
Roadster assigned to District Chief, District 8. 
RoadsteT assigned io Veterinary Surgeon. 
Roadster assigned to Inspector of Wire Division. 



_ Fire Department. 41 

Miscellaneous. 

Eighteen Ross thawing devices installed on motor 
pumping engines. 

We now have twenty-nine of these devices in service 
in our department. 

Fifty sets of single unit skid chain adapters placed on 
motor apparatus. 

Note. — By the use of these adapters we eliminated 
to a great extent the breaking of drive chains, also the 
breaking and losing of old style skid chains, and creating 
a considerable saving to this department. 

Twelve rectifiers for charging storage batteries on 
apparatus installed in various quarters outside city 
proper. 

Fifteen Christie motors rebuilt. 

New winch installed on wrecking car replacing one 
unfit for further service. 

Choker attachments placed in all old type motor 
apparatus to facilitate easy starting. 

Wind shields made and installed on all fire-fighting^ 
apparatus placed in service during the year. 

Engines 1, 14, 18 and 45 made double unit com- 
panies. 

Chemical Companies 11 and 13 converted to Engine 
Companies 52 and 53. 

Ladder brackets placed on Pumping Engines 49, 51 
and 53 and each company furnished with one 15-foot 
roof ladder and one 25-foot extention ladder. 

Radious rod discs and brake supports replaced with 
late type on twelve pumping engines, two hose cars, 
one ladder truck. 

Three thousand one hundred inspections of motor 
vehicles by the engineer of motor apparatus. 

All apparatus repaired at the repair shop tried out 
by the auto tester before return to quarters. 

Pumping engines used on several occasions to pump 
out cellars. 

Three thousand and fifty-seven emergency calls 
responded to by the motor squad. These calls con- 
sisted of making minor repairs on apparatus in quarters, 
and on the street, towing disabled apparatus, respond- 
ing to multiple alarms of fire, etc. 

Repairs on Motor Apparatus — Shop Mechanics. 

Number of jobs 4,129 

Cost $53,681 



42 City Document No. 11. 



Repairs on Motor Apparatus — Outside Concerns. 

Number of jobs . ' 910 

Cost . . . $12,550 

Schools. 

Chauffeur School. 

This school was in operation from May to October, 
and during this period 186 officers and men received 
instructions in the care, mechanism and operation of 
motor vehicles. After the course of instructions at the 
school these men were examined by the Engineer of 
Motor Apparatus for certification as operators. 

Those not already holding state licenses received 
examination by the State Registry of Motor Vehicle 
Examiners. 

Motor Pump School. 

The Motor Pump School began operations in May and 
continued to the latter part of October. During this 
time 112 men received instructions in the care and 
operation of motor pumping engines. As each class 
completed its course of instructions, the men attending 
were examined by the Engineer of Motor Apparatus to 
determine their fitness for certification as motor pump 
operators. 

Steam Engineer School. 

One class of 7 men attended this school during the past 
year. These men received thorough instructions in the 
care, mechanism and operations of steam fire engines. 

In addition at this school several members of the 
department received instructions in the operation of the 
various type hydrants used by the department. 

MoTORLESS Vehicles. 

Repairs of all kinds were made on our horse-drawn 
vehicles at the Bureau shop, and a few jobs were given 
to outside firms on account of not having proper facilities 
at the shop to do the work. 

Repairs at Bureau shop 319 

Cost $3,940 

Repairs by outside firms 15 

Cost $123 



Fire Department. 43 

Thirteen discarded horse-drawn hose wagons were 
converted into pungs, at $210. 

By placing the bodies of these wagons on runners it 
provided practical fire-fighting units for emergency 
during winter seasons. These wagons were previously 
sold off at a relatively low price. 

Marine Service. 
Fireboats inspected and over hauled to conform with 
the United States Marine Laws. 

Repairs by outside firms . ' 18 

Cost $6,028 

Submarine chaser loaned by United States Navy was 
returned. 

High Pressure. 

To conform with the State Laws three civilian 
engineers were assigned to High Pressure Station No. 1. 

Eight gate wrenches for emergency in case of break in 
high pressure mains were received from the Public Works 
Department and distributed to Engine Companies 
4, 6, 7, 8, 15, 25, 26 and 39. 

Piezometer gauges were distributed to the following 
companies during the year: Engines 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 
17, 21, 23, 21, 27, 31, 33, 36, 38, 43, 44 and 47. 

Department Buildings. 
The greater part of the repair work necessary for the 
upkeep of department buildings was performed by our 
outside mechanics (namely) plumbers, painters, steam- 
fitters, carpenters, tinsmiths and masons. 

Number of repairs 1,389 

Cost $37,469 

Several repairs were made by the members of com- 
panies, stock furnished by the department. 

Cost of stock $715 

Some major repairs and other work was performed by 
outside concerns, vis., thoroughly overhauling and 
bracing fire escape on Headquarters Building, paving 
Drill School yard, roofs, roof garden awnings, window 
awnings, etc. 



44 City Document No. 11. 

Number of jobs 60 

Cost $6,785 

Furniture. 

Several pieces of furniture were repaired at the Bureau 
shop including chaiis, tables, desks, chiffoniers, etc. 

Number of repairs 70 

Cost $315 

Some repairs were made in quarters by members of 
the department, stock furnished. 

Cost of stock supplied . $78 

Furnishings. 

The following articles were purchased and distributed 
during the year. 



27 rugs. 

90 dozen pillow slips. 
500 roller towels. 
177 chairs. 
4 tables. 
115 dozen sheets. 



100 blankets. 

7 dozen hand towels. 
37 bedsteads. 

4 desks. 

5 chiffoniers. 



Several articles were repaired and supplied by outside 
firms, viz., pool tables, mattresses, pillows, curtains, etc. 

Cost of repairs and furnishings $4,239 

Bureau Repair Shop. 

Three employees were added to personnel, 2 painters, 
1 laborer. 

Battery testing instrument board installed. 

Battery load testing instrument installed. 

Turn auto machine installed. This machine facili- 
tates turning small motor vehicles in desired positions 
for inspection and repaiis. 

Battery and magneto room was segregated. 

Pressure pump for testing hose repaired . 

No. 1 generator engine given thorough overhauling. 



Fire Department. 



45 



Hose. 



Purchased. 

Leading cotton hose . 
Chemical hose 
Rubber deck hose 


Feet. 

16,500 

500 

50 


Condemned. 

Leading cotton hose 
Leading rubber hose 
Chemical hose . 
3-inch flexible suction hose 
4-iiich rubber suction hose 
Deluge hose 

Total . . . 


Feet. 

11,450 

950 

800 

150 

50 

25 


Total . . . . 


17,050 




13,425 



Amount of hose in use and in stock February 1, 1923. 



In Use. 





Feet. 


Leading cotton hose . 


130,416 


Leading rubber hose 


900 


Chemical hose 


19,200 


Deck hose 


900 


3-inch flexible suction hose, 


625 


4-inch rubber suction hose, 


1,218 


3i-inch deluge hose . 


675 


Total .... 


153,934 



In Stock. 

Leading cotton hose 
Chemical hose 
3-iach flexible suction hose, 
4-uich rubber suction hose, 
2J-inch rubber suction hose. 

Total .... 



Feet. 

9,700 
350 

50 
204 

40 

10,344 



Clothing. 
810 pairs of trousers received and distributed. 

202 pairs of trousers repaired. 
31 pairs of trousers reissued. 

316 sack coats received and distributed. 
54 sack coats repaired. 
30 sack coats reissued. 

203 overcoats received and distributed. 
26 overcoats repaired. 

3 overcoats reissued. 
154 rubber coats received and distributed. 

37 rubber coats repaired. 

24 rubber coats reissued. 
271 caps received, and distributed. 

13 caps reissued. 
100 fire hats received and distributed. 
332 fire hats repaired. 

Nine hundred and one overcoats cleansed, pressed, 
repaired and placed in storage during the summer. 

Conclusion. 

Due to the increased amount of repair work by the 
Bureau our repair shop has become very much inade- 



46 City Document No. 11. 

quate for our needs, and I would urge that provisions 
be made for erection of a larger building. 

Several of our gasolene storage tanks are too small for 
our requirements, and as all these tanks are now con- 
sidered gasolene stations for the entire department par- 
ticularly on multiple alarms, I would recommend that 
they be replaced by tanks of 500 gallon capacity. 

Consideration should be given to the installing of 
motor fuel wagons in Districts 1 and 2. 

Respectfully submitted, 

William H. McCorkle, 

District Chief. 



Fire Department. 47 



REPORT OF MEDICAL EXAMINER. 



Boston, February 1, 1923. 

From: The Medical Examiner. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Subject: Annual Report. 

I respectfully submit the following report for the 
year ending January 31, 1923: 

Number of cases of illness 569 

Number of cases of injury 1,334 

Number injured but remained on duty 988 

Examinations. 

Inspections at office headquarters recorded . . 1,272 

For appointment as provisional fireman (civil service) . 19 

For appointment of men on probation .... 11 

For reinstatement 2 

At engine houses of firemen, pulmotors and medicine . 
chests, and visits at homes of firemen and at 

hospitals . 350 

The past winter having been very severe, with limited 
supply of coal, rendering fire duty extra hazardous and 
unusual suffering from cold, in my opinion, accounts for 
the increase in number of sick and injured over the 
previous year. 

It has been my good fortune to be granted permis- 
sion by our commissioner and his Honor the Mayor to 
become a member and attend the first meeting of the 
''National Association of Police and Fire Surgeons and 
Medical Directors of Civil Service Commissions" organ- 
ized at Philadelphia, November 20, 1922. At the 
annual meeting, the reading of papers, the interchange 
of thought relative to improvement in medical routine 
in connection with department work has been a great 
help for efficient medical service. Universal standard- 
ization of physical and mental requirements for appoint- 
ment to the police and fire service is to be worked out 
in the future. The officers and men have many times 
during the past year given ''first aid" service to citizens 



48 City Document No. 11. 

as well as firemen, thus rendering an efficient and 
praiseworthy public service. It is commendable and 
noteworthy, showing the faithful spirit of officers and 
men, that out of 1,334 cases of injury on file, 988 men 
remained on duty and had their injuries treated in 
quarters. 

Deaths. 

John J. Connorton, February 16, 1922, Engine Company 22, 
cerebral hemorrhage. 

William J. Hennessey, March 14, 1922, Engine Company 2, 
lobar pneumonia. 

Christopher J. Melia, April 15, 1922, Engine Company 53, 
tubercular meningitis following pulmonary tuberculosis. 

Daniel J. Quinn, April 30, 1922, Headquarters, pernicious 
anaemia. 

Lawrence H. Donahue, September 9, 1922, Ladder 10, 
sarcoma. 

William C. Swan, September 28, 1922, Ladder 15, shock 
following crushing of leg. 

Patrick J. Norton, October 14, 1922, Engine Company 18, 
cancer of rectum. 

Alexander F. Smith, December 10, 1922, Engine Company 
36, chronic nephritis. 

Respectfully submitted, 

William J. McNally, M. D., 

Medical Examiner. 



Fire Department. 49 



REPORT OF WIRE DIVISION. 



Boston, February 1, 1923. 
From: Superintendent, Wire Division. 
To: The Fire Commissioner. 
Sttbject: Annual Report. 

I herewith submit annual report of the Wire Division 
of the Fire Department for the year 1922-23. 

The underground district for 1923 has been prescribed 
and advertised in accordance with the law and is as 
follows : 

Brighton. 

Washington street, from Cambridge street to Commonwealth 
avenue. 

Charlestown. 

Alford street, from Main street to the drawbridge; Medford 
street, from Chelsea street to Cook street. 

Dorchester. 

Alban street, from Welles avenue to Ashmont street; Talbot 
avenue, from Washington street to Bernard street; Quincy 
street, from Columbia road to Blue Hill avenue; Adams 
street, from King square to Minot street; Washington 
street, from Ashmont street, a distance of 1,970 feet to a 
point within 530 feet of Codman street. 

South Boston. 

Macallen street, from Dorchester avenue to Foundry street, 
making a total distance of four miles as provided by law. 

The following data gives the details of the work done 
by this division : 

During the year there were forty-nine fires and one 
manhole explosion due to electrical causes. The total 
loss for forty-seven fires (two fire losses not being 
adjusted) was $24,803.50; three fires causing a loss of 
$17,808.04, leaving $7,995.46 for the balance. These 
fires, etc., have received the attention of this division. 

All electrical construction which comes under the 
supervision of this division has been duly inspected. 



50 City Document No. 11. 

No violation of the law relating to electrical construc- 
tion has necessitated court action during the year. 

The total income for the year was $55,843.63, which 
is the largest amount ever received for a like period. 

While more attention has been given to inspection of 
old work than for a number of years, it is our intention 
to increase the amount of inspection of this kind of 
work, provided the pressure of new work will not prevent. 

The work of the division shows a marked increase over 
previous years. There was a larger amount of under- 
ground construction, while the work of installing interior 
wiring and electrical apparatus shows a material increase. 

The number of permits issued for interior wiring was 
17,378. 

The public service corporations and electrical con- 
tractors and others have assisted us by their co-operation. 

It is a pleasure to report that during the year there 
have been no fires due to wiring or apparatus approved 
by this division. 

EXTERIOR DIVISION. 

The underground district for the year 1922, as pre- 
scribed under authority of chapter 196 of the Acts of 
1921, comprised the following streets: 

Brighton. 

Washington street, from Commonwealth avenue to Corey road. 
Corey road, from Washington street to the Brookline line. 
Wallingford road, from Chestnut Hill avenue to Commonwealth 
avenue. 

East Boston. 
Border street, from the North Ferry to Condor street. 
Sumner street, from Maverick square to Border street. 

ROXBURY. 

Zeigler street, from Warren street to Dearborn street. 

Dorchester. 
Dorchester avenue, from Peabody square to Pierce square. 
Fuller street, from. Dorchester avenue to Washington street. 
West Cottage street, from Dudley street to Blue Hill avenue. 

Back Bay. 
Brookline avenue, from Commonwealth avenue a distance of 
1,890 feet to a point 150 feet south of the south line of Fuller- 
ton street. 

Making a total distance of 4 miles as provided by law. 



Fire Department. 51 

In these prescribed streets from which poles and 
overhead wires were to be removed, there were standing! 
on February 1, 1922, a total of two hundred fourteen 
(214) poles (not including the trolley poles of the Boston 
Elevated Railway Company, which are exempt) owned 
by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company, New 
England Telephone and Telegraph Company and Postal 
Telegraph Cable Company, supporting a total of one 
million (1,000,000) feet of overhead wires, or a little 
more than one hundred eighty-nine (189) miles owned 
by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company, New 
England Telephone and Telegraph Company, Boston 
Elevated Railway Company, Postal TelegTaph Cable 
Company, Western Union Telegraph Company, Ameri- 
can District Telegraph Company, Boston Fire Depart- 
ment (Fire Alarm Branch) and Boston Police Depart- 
ment (Police Signal Service). 

In the selection of new pole locations our engineers 
have accompanied the engineers of the various companies 
for the purpose of passing on such locations. All carry- 
ing poles standing in the streets are stencilled by this 
department for purposes of identification, and are 
plotted in atlases on file in our office. All carrying 
poles standing in the streets are inspected and tested 
yearly by the inspectors of this division and at the same 
time a general inspection is made of all overhead con- 
struction. This work is in addition to the regular 
inspection work necessary on account of new construc- 
tion. Poles found to be leaning or in process of decay 
are reported to the companies owning same and where 
conditions warrant it, poles are condemned. During 
the past year the inspectors of this division reported 
one hundred forty-four (144) poles decayed at base 
and fifty-three (53) poles leaning, or a total of one 
hundred ninety-seven (197) poles which were replaced 
by new poles or reset by the various companies at the 
request of this department. Forty-eight (48) abandoned 
poles were reported by our inspectors and were removed 
by the various companies at our request. 

The following table shows the overhead for the year 
from February 1, 1922, to January 31, 1923, inclusive: 

Number of new poles set in new locations . . 744 

Number of poles replaced, reset or straightened , 449 

Number of poles removed 492 

Number of poles now standing in the public streets, 15,872 

Number of defects reported 3,673 



52 



City Document No. 11. 



Number of defects corrected 3,452 

(Other defects in process of correction.) 

Number of notices of overhead construction . 23,966 

Number of overhead inspections .... 41,909 

Number of overhead reports 23,059 

Amount of overhead wires removed by owners (in 

feet) 2,053,358 

Underground Construction. 
The ducts used this year for the underground conduits 
of the drawing-in system are of the following type : 

1. Vitrified clay (laid in concrete). 

2. Fiber (laid in concrete). 

3. Iron. 

4. Wood. 

In side or residential streets a considerable amount of 
special underground construction for electric light and 
power purposes of a type known as the "Split Fiber 
Solid System" has been installed during the year. 

The electrical approvals for underground electrical 
construction numbered three thousand five hundred 
forty-nine (3,549). 

Number of inspections of underground electrical con- 
struction, nine thousand four hundred sixty-six (9,466). 

Number of reports of underground electrical con- 
struction, three thousand one hundred eighty-nine 
(3,189). 

Character of Cable Used by the Various Companies. 



COMPANT. 


Kind of Insulation. 


Size. 


Boston Elevated Railway Company 




500,000, 1,000,000 and 2.- 




000,000 C. M. 


Charlestown Gas and Electric Com- 
pany. 


Varnished cambric, 
rubber and paper. 


Nos. 2, 4, 6 and 1-0. 


Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 


Rubber and paper . . . 


Nos. 8 to 1,000,000 CM. 


pany. 






Fire Alarm Branch (B. F. D.) 

New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company. 




4, 6, 10, 19, 37 and 61 con- 


Paper, silk and cot- 
ton. 


ductor. 
2 to 1,212 pair. 


Police Signal Service (B. P. D.) . . . . 
Postal Telegraph Cable Company, 
Schoolhouse Commission (City of 


Rubber 






2 conductor. 


Rubber 


4 conductor. 


Boston), 
Western Union Telegraph Com- 


Rubber and paper . . . 


10 to 125 pair. 


pany. 







Fire Department. 53 

Table Showing Underground Work for the Year 1922. 



Company. 


'3 

o 
O 

"o 

1 


Feet of Duct. 


Feet of Cable. 


is 


u a 


Boston Elevated Railway Company, 
Boston Low Tension Wire Associa- 


8,129 


68,342 
515 

1,640 

495,173 

3,82S 
154,528 

558 

265 

98 

21,059 


17,754 


25 


12 

g 


tion. 

Charlestown Gas and Electric Com- 
panj\ 

Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 
pany. 

lire Alarm Branch (B. F. D.) 

New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company. 

Police Signal Service (B. P. D.) 

Postal Telegraph Cable Company. . . 


715 

91,185 

1,450 
24,091 


38,970 

1,144,077 

27,051 
263,889 

1,650 
3,000 
1,160 

14,778 


254 

4 
67 

18 


4 

1,605 

23 
180 

8 
2 


Schoolhouse Commission (City of 




2 


Boston) . 
Western Union Telegraph Company, 


6.944 


9 


Totals 


132,514 


746,001 


1,512,329 


368 


1,853 





Note. — "Split Fiber Solid Main System " of the Edison Electric Illuminating Co mpany 
is included in the above figures comprising 23, 172 feet of conduit and 45,606 feet of duct. 
No additions made to the old three-wire solid tube system. 



Table Showing the Amount and Distribution of Boston's Electrical Power 

January 31, 1923. 



COMPANT. 


OJ O fci 

_ tHpa 


cs „'Sb 
■gWo 


Capacity of 
Incandescent 
Lamps in 
Kilowatts. 


>.« o 

o 


o 

II 
& o 

.•as 


hi 

Se !j 08 

|S3 


si 

12; 


Boston Elevated Railway Company. . . . 
Edison Electric Illuminating Company, . 


43,772 
48,592 


207,970 
275,400 


3,476 
101,638 
* 

215 

125 

25 

209 


5 
2,946 
163 

33 


347.630 

91,741 

7,159 

40 

106 

25 

153 


78,775 
73,712 

* 

260 
395 


17 
45 


Block Plant Electric Company 


400 
620 
200 
500 


325 
400 
150 
363 








Hanover Street Trust 








Totals 


94,084 


484,608 


105,688 


3,147 


446,854 


153,142 


67 







* Unknown. 



54 



City Document No. 11. 



INTERIOR DIVISION. 



As provided by law, there have been eleven hundred 
thirty-seven (1,137) inspections made of theaters, places 
of amusement and public halls. Where defects are 
found the parties interested are notified. When not 
corrected within a reasonable time the company supply- 
ing current is notified to discontinue same. 

Forty-nine fires and five accidents to persons (two of 
which were fatal) have been investigated as per the 
following table: 



Fires in interior of buildings . . '■ . 


36 


Fires on poles 


1 


Manhole explosions . . . . . 


1 


Miscellaneous, exterior . . . . 


13 


Injuries to persons . . . . . 


5 


Notices of new work received 


17,378 


Number of permits to turn on current . 


12,912 


Number of incandescents inspected 


1,528,939 


Number of motors inspected . 


11,407 


Number of buildings in which wiring was 


com- 


pletely examined 


1,404 


Number of inspections made . . . 


38,683 



Defective work reported by the inspectors of the 
Interior Division has been corrected or is in process of 
correction. 



Fire Department. 



55 



LIST OF WIRE DIVISION EMPLOYEES, 
JANUARY 31, 1923. 



1 Superintendent 

1 Chief Inspector 

3 Inspectors 
8 Inspectors 
8 Inspectors 
6 Inspectors 

4 Inspectors 

2 Inspectors 
1 Inspector 
1 Engineer . 
1 Chief Clerk 
1 Assistant Chief Clerk 

1 Clerk and Stenographer 
1 Clerk 
1 Clerk 

3 Stenographers 
1 Chauffeur 
1 Stenciller 



Salary 
Per Annum . 

$3,000 
2,500 
2,000 
1,900 
1,800 
1,700 
1,600 
1,500 
1,400 
2,000 
2,000 
1,900 
1,600 
1,240 
1,400 
1,300 
1,400 
1,400 



56 



City Document No. 11. 



STATEMENT OF APPROPRIATION AND EXPEN- 
DITURES OF THE WIRE DIVISION FROM 
FEBRUARY 1, 1922, TO JANUARY 31, 1923, 
INCLUSIVE. 



Appropriation 



,827 36 





Expenditures. 


A-1. 


Employees . 


$76,000 42 


F-7. 


Pension roll . 


612 50 


B-1. 


Printing and binding . 


17 70 


B-2. 


Postage 


200 00 


B-3. 


Advertising . 


107 40 


B-4. 


Car fares 


2,487 66 


B-12. 


Premium on bond 


6 00 


B-13. 


Telephones ... 


347 04 


B-35. 


Fees .... 


2 00 


B-37. 


Photo, etc. . 


2 15 


B-39. 


Repairs, etc. 


27 40 


C-3. 


Electrical instruments 


114 32 


C-4. 


Autos, etc. . 


3,304 25 


C-13. 


Tools, etc. . . * 


28 30 


D-1. 


Office forms, etc. . 


1,865 65 


D-11. 


Gasolene, etc. 


344 75 


D-16. 


Photo material 


1 85 


E-10. 


Batteries, etc. 


10 08 


E-13. 


Parts for auto, and paint 
otal expenditures . 


50 80 


T 


$85,537 27 


Balance in treasury . 


3,290 09 



,827 36 



Fire Department. 57 



LIST OF PROPERTY.— WIRE DIVISION 



1 1,500-volt Weston Direct Current Voltmeter. 

5 300-volt Weston Direct Current Voltmeters. 

2 300-volt Weston Alternating Current and Direct Current 

Voltmeters. 

1 15-volt Weston Direct Current Voltmeter. 

2 300-volt Weston Direct Current Double Reading Voltmeter. 
1 120-volt Weston Direct Current Miniature Type Voltmeter. 
1 150-volt Weston Direct Current Miniature Type Voltmeter. 
1 500-volt Weston Direct Current Ammeter. 

1 200-volt Weston Alternating Current Ammeter. 

1 50-volt Weston Direct Current Ammeter. 

1 15-volt Weston Alternating Current Ammeter. 

1 1,500-volt Milamperes Weston Direct Current Mil-ammeter. 

6 Bichloride of silver batteries, each 60 cells. 
1 Queen testing set. 

1 Touring car. 
1 Runabout. 

1 Ford truck. 

2 Robes. 

1 Blanket. 

2 Cameras, complete. 

Miscellaneous tools used in connection with overhead con- 
struction 
Draughting instruments. 

Respectfully, 

Walter J. Burke, 

Superintendent, Wire Division. 



58 



City Document No. 11. 



THE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION. 



Commissioner, Theodore A. Glynn. 

Chief Clerk, Benjamin F. Underhill. 

Chief of Department, John O. Taber. 

Captain, William H. McCorkle, in charge of Bureau of Sup- 

pHes and Repairs. 
Superintendent of Engines and Boilers, Eugene M. Byington. 
Superintendent of Fire Alarms, George L. Fickett. 
Superintendent of Wire Division, Walter J. Burke. 
Chief Operator and Assistant Superintendent of Fire Alarms, 

Richard Donahue. 
Chief Clerk, Wire Division, Frank H. Rice. 
Medical Examiner, William J. McNally. 

Clerks. 
Fire Department. 
James P. Maloney, Assistant Chief Clerk and Supervisor of 
Pay Accounts; Edward L. Tierney, Chief of License Division- 
Bureau of Fire Prevention; George F. Murphy, Herbert J. 
Hickey, John J. Coholan, William J. Hurley, Nathan Cohen, 
Frank M. Fogarty. Thomas J. Murphy, William J. O'Donnell, 
Thomas W. O'Connell, Warren F. Fenlon. 

Wire Division. 
William McSweeney, Charles S. Carroll, Martin P. Cum- 
mings, Selina A. O'Brien, Mary E. Fleming, May D. Marsh. 



XiJJJAJjyUAK±J!;jr 


Per Annum . 


1 Commissioner . . . . 


$7,500 


1 Chief clerk . . . . . 


2,500 


1 Assistant chief clerk and super visoi 


* pay accounts, 2,500 


1 Medical examiner 


2,100 


1 Secretary and stenographer . 


2,000 


1 Clerk 


2,300 


1 Clerk 


1,500 


1 Clerk 


1,300 


1 Clerk 


1,000 


1 Assistant engineer (messenger)* 


1,800 


2 Hosemen (clerks)* . 


1,800 




Per Week. 


1 Janitress . . . . . 


. . 20 00 


13 





* Detailed from Fire-fighting Branch. 



Fire Department. 



59 



Fire Prevention Bureau. 





Per Annum. 


1 Chief Fire Prevention 


$2,500 


1 Clerk 


1,700 


1 Clerk 


1,300 


1 Clerk 


1,000 


1 Constable 


1,400 


5 

Fire-fighting Branch. 






Per Annum. 


1 Chief of Department 


$5,000 


4 Deputy chiefs 


4,000 


15 District chiefs 


3,500 




2,500 


98 Lieutenants 


2,300 




2,300 


1 Aide-to-Commissioner (private) . . . 


1,800 




2,000 


47 Engineers 


1,900 


47 Assistant Engineers 


1,800 


2 Assistant engineers 


1,600 


894 Privates: 




764 ........ 


$1,800 


44 $1 


,700-$l,800 


26 SI 


,600-$l,700 


43 ....... $1 


,500-$l,600 


17 . $1 


,400-$l,500 


1,176 




Bureau Supplies and Repairs. 


Per Annum. 


1 Captam in charge .... 


$2,500 


1 Superintendent, engines and boilers . 


3,500 


1 Supervisor, motor apparatus 


2,700 


1 Shop foreman 


2,000 


1 Lieutenant, foreman hose and harness shop 


2,300 


1 Auto engineer (engineer) .... 


2,200 


1 Engineer and Architect .... 


2,200 


1 Storekeeper (hoseman) 


2,000 


1 Master plumber (engineer) . . . ; 


1,900 


1 Master carpenter (hoseman) 


1,800 


1 Master Painter 


1,800 


1 Foreman auto mechanic .... 


1,800 


1 Machinist (engineer) 


1,900 


13 Privates 


1,800 


1 Private 


1,700 


1 Clerk in charge 


1,900 


1 Clerk in charge 


1,300 


1 Clerk in charge (hoseman) . . . . 


1,800 


7 Engineers . . . . 


1,900 


7 Engineers (High Pressure Service) 


1,900 


3 Assistant engineers (High Pressure Service) 


1,800 



60 



City Document No. 11. 



3 High Pressure engineers 

3 Firemen 

1 Engineer 

2 Plumbers .... 
1 Steamfitter .... 

1 Leading painter 
9 Painters 

2 Wheelwrights 

1 Leading machinist 

4 Machinists .... 
7 Auto repairers 

2 Battery and ignition men 
1 Auto repairer and tester 
1 Auto mechanic and machinist 
1 Auto blacksmith 

1 Leading blacksmith 

4 Blackmiths 

5 Blacksmith's helpers 

3 Carpenters 

2 Hose and harness repairers 
1 Hose and harness repairer 
1 Boiler repairer, ironworker and steamfitter 
1 Vulcanizer 

1 Chauffeur 

2 Teamsters 
2 Laborerst. 



Per Day. 

$7 00 
5 50 

Per Week . 

$40 00 

Per Day. 

$5 40 
00 
25 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
25 
00 
25 
00 
00 
50 
00 



5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
4 
5 
5 
4 
5 
4 50 



50 
00 
00 



109 

Fire Alarm Branch. 

1 Superintendent 

1 Assistant superintendent and chief operator 

1 Supervising operator 

3 Principal operators . 

3 Operators . 

5 Assistant operators . 

1 Assistant operator . 

1 Temporary assistant operator 

16 



Construction Force. 



1 Foreman . 

1 Assistant foreman 

1 Stockman 



Per Annum. 

$3,500 
3,000 
2,300 
2,300 
2,200 
1,800 
1,400 
1,400 



Per Annum. 

$2,700 
2,200 
1,800 



Fire Department. 61 

Per Day. 

1 Machinist . . . . . . . . . $5 25 

2 Machinists 5 00 

19 Cable splicers and wiremen, linemen and repairers,, 5 45 

1 Laborer 4 00 

26 

Veterinary Hospital Branch. 

Per Day. 

3 Hostlers (average) $4 00 



62 City Document No. 11. 



CHIEF OF DEPARTMENT. 

John 0. Taber. 

Headquarters, Engine House 26-35, Mason Street. 

The Chief is in charge of the fire protection of the 
city, which is divided into three divisions, each com- 
manded by a deputy chief, which are subdivided into 
fifteen districts, each commanded by a district chief. 

Division 1. 
Deputy Chief, Edward J. Shallow. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 8, Fort Hill Square. 
This division comprises Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 

District 1. 

District Chief, Henry J. Power. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 2, Paris Street, 

East Boston. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 5, 9, 11, 

31 (fireboat), 40, 47 (fireboat). Ladders 2, 21, Chemical 7. 

District 2'. 

District Chief, John P. Murray. 

Headquarters, Engine House 50, Winthrop Street, 

Charlestown. 
Apparatus Located in the District.— Engines 27, 32, 36, 
50, Ladders 9, 22. 

District 3. 

District Chief, Cornelius J. O'Brien. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 18, Pittsburgh Street. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 25, 38, 
39, 44 (fireboat). Ladders 8, 18, Water Tower 3. 

District 4- 
District Chief, Charles A. Donohoe. 
Headquarters, Engine House, 4 Bulfinch Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 4, 6, 8, 
Ladders 1, 24, Water Tower 1. 



Fire Department. 63 

District 5. 
District Chief, Albert J. Caulfield. 
Headquarters, Engine House 26-35, Mason Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 7, 10, 26, 
35, Ladder 17, Rescue 1. 

Division 2. 
Deputy Chief, Henry A. Fox. 
Headquarters, Engine House 22, Warren Avenue. 
This division comprises Districts 6, 7, 8j 11. 

District 6. 
District Chief, James J. Caine. 
Headquarters, Engine House 1, Dorchester Street, 

South Boston. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 1, 2, 15, 
43, Ladders 5, 19, 20. 

District 7. 
District Chief, Frank A. Sweeney. 
Headquarters, Engine House 22, Warren Avenue. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 3, 22, 33, 
Ladders 3, 13, 15, Water Tower 2. 

District 8. 
District Chief, Frank J. Sheeran. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 12, Tremont Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 13, 14, 
37, Ladders 12, 26. 

District 11. 
District Chief, James F. McMahon. 

Headquarters, Engine House 41, Harvard Avenue, 

Brighton. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 29, 34, 41, 
51, Ladders 11, 14. 

Division 3. 
Deputy Chief, Walter M. McLean. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 23, Washington Street, 

Grove Hall. 
This division comprises Districts 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15. 



64 City Document No. 1L 

District 9. 
District Chief, Joseph H. Kenney. 
Headquarters, Engine House 12, Dudley Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 12, 21, 23, 
24, Ladder 4. 

District 10. 

District Chief, Francis J. Jordan. 

Headquarters, Engine House 18, Harvard Street, 

Dorchester. 
Apparatus Located in the District.— Engines 17, 18, 52, 
Ladders 7, 29. 

District 12. 

District Chief, John N. Lally. 

Headquarters, Engine House 28, Centre Street, 

Jamaica Plain. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 28, 42, 

Ladders 10, 23, 30. 

District 13. 
District Chief, Michael J. Kennedy. 
Headquarters, Engine House 45, Corner Washington 
and Poplar Streets, Roshndale. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 30, 45, 53, 
Ladders 16, 25. 

District 14- 
District Chief, Allan J. Macdonald. 
Headquarters, Engine House 46, Peabody Square, 

Dorchester. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 16, 20, 
46, Ladders 6, 27. 

District 15. 

District Chief, Joseph A. Dolan. 

Headquarters, Engine House 48, Corner Harvard 

Avenue and Winthrop Street, Hyde Park. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 19, 48, 49, 
Ladder 28. 



Fire Department. 



65 



FIRE STATIONS. 
Location. 



Location. 



Number 
of Feet 
in Lot. 



Occupied by 



Dorchester and Fourth streets 

Corner of O and Fourth streets 

Bristol street and Harrison avenue 

Bulfinch street 

Marion street, East Boston 

Leverett street 

East street 

Salem street 

Paris street, East Boston 

River street 

Saratoga and Byron streets, East Boston, 

Dudley street 

Cabot street 

Centre street 

Dorchester avenue 

Corner River and Temple streets 

Meeting House Hill, Dorchester 

Harvard street, Dorchester 

Babson street, Dorchester. 

Walnut street, Dorchester 

Columbia road, Dorchester 

Warren avenue 

Northampton street 

Corner Warren and Quincy streets 

Fort Hill square 

Mason street 

Elm street, Charlestown 

Centre street, Jamaica Plain 

Chestnut Hill avenue, Brighton 

Centre street, West RoxDury 

521 Commercial street, on land of Public 
Works Department. 



8,167 
4,000 
4,000 
6,098 
3,265 
2,269 
1,893 
2,568 
4,720 
1,886 
10,000 
7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,803 
12,736 
9,450 
9,440 
7,683 
9,000 
10,341 
7,500 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 
5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 



Engine 1 and Ladder 5. 

Engine 2. 

Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 

Engine 4, Chemical 1 and Tower 1. 

Engine 5. 

Engine 6. 

Engine 7. 

Engine 8. 

Engine 9 and Ladder 2. 

Engine 10. 

Engine 11 and Ladder 21. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder 7. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20 and Ladder 27. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 22 and Ladder 13. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25 and Ladder 8, Rescue 1. 

Engines 26 and 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30 and Ladder 25. 



66 



City Document No. 11. 

Fire Stations. — Concluded. 



Location. 



Number 
of Feet 
in Lot. 



Occupied by 



Bunker Hill street, Charlestown 

Corner Boylston and Hereford streets . . . . 

Western avenue, Brighton 

Monument street, Charlestown 

Corner Longwood and Brookline avenues. 

Congress street 

Sumner street. East Boston 



Harvard avenue, near Cambridge street, 
Brighton. 

Washington street, at Egleston square. . . . 

Andrew square. . , ., ^ 

Northern Avenue Bridge 



Washington and Poplar streets, Roslin- 
dale. 



Dorchester avenue, Ashmont 

Adjoining South Ferry, East Boston 

Harvard avenue and Winthrop street, 
Hyde Park. 

Church street 

Milton and Hamilton streets 

Winthrop and Solej' streets 

Oak square, Brighton 

Saratoga street. East Boston 

Corner Callender and I^yford streets 

Corner Walk Hill and Wenham streets, . . 

Friend street 

Dudley street 

Main street, Charlestown 

Tremont street 

Harrison avenue 

Pittsburgh street, South Boston 

Fourth street 

Washington street, Dorchester 

North Grove street . . . . 



8,188 
5,646 
4,637 
5,668 
5,231 
4,000 
4,010 
6,112 

3,848 
5,133 



14,729 

4,875 

11,950 

9,450 

3,412 
14,475 
5,230 
9,889 
9,300 
7,200 
11,253 
1,676 
3,923 
4,290 
4,311 
2,134 
8,964 
3,101 
6,875 
3,918 



Engine 32. 

Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 

Engine 34. 

Engine 36 and Ladder 22. 

Engine 37 and Ladder 26. 

Engines 38 and 39. 

Engine 40. 

Engine 41 and Ladder 14. 

Engine 42 and Ladder 30. 
Engine 43 and Ladder 20. 
Engine 44, fireboat. 
Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 

Engine 46. 
Engine 47, fireboat. 
Engine 48 and Ladder 28. 

Engine 49. 

Engine 50. 

Engine 51. 

Chemical Engine 7. 

Chemical 11 and Ladder 29. 

Chemical 13. 

Ladder 1. 

Ladder 4 and Chemical 10. 

Ladder 9. 

Ladder 12. 

Ladder 17. 

Ladder IS and Tower 3. 

Ladder 19. 

Ladder 23 and Chemical 5. 

Ladder 24. 



Headquarters Building, Bristol street, 15,679 feet of 
land. 

Water Tower No. 2 is in Headquarters Building. 



Fire Department. 67 

OTHER BUILDINGS. 

Bureau S. & R. 363 Albany street, 8,000 feet of land. 

Veterinary Hospital, Atkinson street, 64,442 feet of 
land. 

Coal station. Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 feet of 
land. 

Building No. 11 Wareham street, used by the Fire 
Alarm Branch as workshop and storeroom, 8,500 feet of 
land. 

Building No. 618 Harrison avenue, used as a depart- 
ment garage and repair shop and a school for chauffeurs 
and officers, 3,816 feet of land. 



68 



City Document No. 11. 



CANNEL COAL STATIONS. 
Division 1. 



District. 


Location. 


Capacity. 
(Tons.) 


Wagon. 


1 




12 
20 
35 
35 
10 
10 
16 
35 


1 


1 


JEngine 40 


2 


2 


Engine 36 


1 


2 


Ladder 9 


2 


3 


Ladder 18 




3 


Engine 38-39 


*1 


4 


Ladder 24 


9 


5 


Rescue 1 


*1 








Total 






10 











* Motor. 



Division 2. 



Total. 



Engine 2 . . . . 
Fourth street . 
Engine 33 . . . 
Engine 13 . . . 
Engine 14 . . . 
Engine 37 . . . 
Engine 29 ... . 
Engine 34 . . . 
Engine 41 ... . 
Engine 51 . . . 



20 
40 
25 
40 
10 
20 
7 
7 
10 
10 



Fire Department. 



69 



CANNEL COAL STATIONS. 
Division 3. 



District. 



Location. 



Capacity. 
(Tons.) 



Wagon. 



9. 

9. 

9. 

9. 
10. 
10. 
12. 
13. 
13. 
14. 
14. 
14. 
15. 
15. 



Engine 12 . 
Engine 21 . 
Engine 23 . 
Engine 24 . 
Engine 17 . 
Engine IS . 
Engine 28 . 
Engine 30 . 
Engine 45 . 
Engine 16 . 
Engine 20 . 
Engine 46 . 
Engine 19 . 
Engine 48 . 



5 
6 
5 
7 
3 
5 
20 
9 
9 



Total. 



Coal stations at Sleeper street and Charles River 
avenue were abandoned at a saving in rental to the 
department. 



70 



City Document No. 11. 



GASOLENE STATIONS. 
Division 1. 



DiSTHICTS. 



Location. 



Capacity 
(Gallons.) 


Pump. 


280 


1 gallon 


110 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon. 


220 


1 quart. 


120 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


220 


1 quart. 


280 


1 gallon. 



1 
1 

2 
2 
2 
3 
3 
3 
4 
4 
4 
4 
5 
5 
5 
5 



Engine 5 
Engine 11 
Engine 36 
Engine 50 
Ladder 9 
Ladder 8 
Ladder 18 
Engine 39 
Engine 4 
Engine 6 
Engine S 
Ladder 1 
Ladder 17 
Rescue 1 . 
Engine 10 
Engine 26 



Fire Department. 



71 



GASOLENE STATIONS. 
Division 2. 



Districts. 



Location. 



Capacity 
(Ga,llons.) 



Pump. 



6 
6 
6 
6 

7, 
7, 
7, 
7, 
7, 
8, 
8 
8. 
8 

11, 
11 
11. 
11. 



Engine 1 

Engine 2 . 

Engine 15 

Engine 43 

Engine 3 

Engine 22 

Engine 33 

Bristol street repair shop 
Wareham street garage. . 

Engine 13 

Engine 14 

Engine 37 

Ladder 12 

Engine 29 

Engine 34 

Engine 41 

Engine 51 



280 
280 
280 
280 
280 
280 
280 
550 
280 
550 
280 
120 
280 
280 
280 
280 
280 



1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 



72 



City Document No. 11. 



GASOLENE STATIONS. 
Division 3. 



Districts. 



Location. 



Capacity 
(Gallons.) 


Pump. 


550 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


120 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


220 


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280 


1 gallon. 


115 


1 quart. 


220 


1 quart. 


280 


1 gallon. 


200 


1 quart. 


120 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


220 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 


280 


1 gallon 



9. 

9. 

9. 

9, 

9 
10 
10 
10 
12 
12 
12 
13 
13 
13 
14 
14 
14 
15 
15 
15 



Engine 12 
Engine 21 
Engine 23 
Engine 24 
Ladder 4 
Engine 17 
Engine 18 
Engine 52 
Engine 28 
Engine 42 
Ladder 23 
Engine 30 
Engine 45 
Engine 53 
Engine 20 
Engine 46 
Ladder 6 
Engine 19 
Engine 48 
Engine 49 



During the year all gasolene tanks were drained and 
cleared of slag and sediment. 



Fire Department. 



73 



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84 



City Document No. 11. 



Expenditures for the Year. 



Personal service : 

Permanent employees 
Temporary employees 
Unassigned . . . . 

Service other than Personal : 
Printing and binding 
Postage . . . . . 
Advertising and posting . 
Transportation of persons 
Cartage and freight . 
Hire of teams and auto trucks, 
Light and power 
Rent, taxes and water 
Premium on surety bond 
Communication 
Motor vehicle repairs and care 
Motorless vehicle repairs . 
Cleanmg .... 
Medical . . . . 
Veterinarian 

Fees, service of venires, etc. 
Boiler inspection 
Photographic and blueprinting 
General plant 
Horseshoeing and clipping 



Equipment : 
Cable, wire, etc. 
Electrical 
Motor vehicles . 
Stable . . . 
Furniture and fittings 
Office .... 
Library . . 
Marine 

Tools and instruments 
Wearing apparel 
General plant 



Supplies : 

Office 

Food and ice . . . 

Fuel 

Foragt and animal . 
Medical, surgical, laboratory 



5,498,919 24 

603 42 

3,797 03 



S60 93 

759 34 

31 05 

998 31 

243 45 

1,633 00 

17,929 49 

5,796 78 

15 00 

2,762 81 

12,472 40 

2,600 00 

7,241 19 

162 00 

500 00 

647 00 

171 00 

799 52 

39,910 60 

7,256 95 



$9,130 95 

7,505 42 

143,072 75 

2,690 53 

7,587 90 

876 27 

56 25 

30 85 

28,704 94 

22,486 19 

2,537 63 



$5,204 66 

826 17 

78,316 15 

14,873 20 

144 61 



$2,503,319 69 



101,990 82 



224,679 68 



Carried forivard 



,364 79 $2,829,990 19 



Fire Department. 



85 



Brought forward 


. $99,364 79 


$2,829,990 19 


Yeterinary .... 


28 64 




Laundry, cleaning, toilet . 


2,312 71 




Motor vehicle 


21,789 86 




Chemicals and disinfectants 


2,275 01 




General plant 


4,839 63 




Cloth 


22 50 


180,633 U 






Materials : 






Building .... 


$15,311 44 




Electrical .... 


2,856 34 




General plant 


33,790 61 


51,958 39 






Special items : 






Pensions and annuities 


$238,033 25 




Workingmen's compensation 


1,353 70 


239,386 95 








$3,251,968 67 



Wire Division : 
Personal service: 

Permanent employees 
Service other than Personal : 

Printing and binding, $17 70 

Postage .200 00 

Advertising and post- 
ing . . 107 40 

Transportation o f 

persons . . 2,487 66 

Premium on surety 

bond ... 6 00 

Communication 347 04 

Fees, service of ve- 
nires, etc. . 2 00 

Photographic and 

blueprinting . . 2 15 

General plant . 27 40 



,007 42 



Equipment : 

Electrical . $114 32 

Motor vehicle . . 3,304 25 

Tools and instru- 



3,197 35 



ments 

Supplies : 
Office . . 
Motor vehicle 
General plant 



28 30 



$1,865 65 

. 344 75 

1 85 



3,446 87 



2,212 25 



Carried forward 



$84,863 89 $3,251,968 67 



86 



Brought forward 
Materials : 
Electrical 
General plant 

Special items: 

Pensions and annuities 



City Document No. 11. 

$84,863 89 $3,251,968 67 



$10 08 
50 80 



60 88 
612 50 



Engine 7, New Building. 

Payments on account : 

Contractors, C. & R. Construction Company, 

Blueprints 

Advertising . . . . 



85,537 27 



;,337,505 94 



$16,660 00 
93 81 
10 35 



,764 16 



Remodeling House, Engine 26 and 35. 

Continuation of payments ; 
Contractor, Joseph Rugo 
Composition floors 
Brass railings 
Flagpole parts 
One case 
Advertising . 
Blu prints 



^8,715 85 
2,371 00 
287 00 
76 00 
60 00 
22 55 
10 43 



$11,542 83 



Remodeling House, Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Continuation of payments. 

Contractor, Burton M. Gwinn, final payment . 



Recapitulation. 

Fire Department 

Engine 7, new building .... 

Remodelling house. Engine 26 and 35 
Remodeling house, Engine 28 and Ladder 10 



,997 00 



1,337,505 94 

16,764 16 

11,542 83 

9,997 00 



1,375,809 93 



Fire Department. 



87 



Income. 



Permits for fires in open spaces, fireworks 


J 


blasting, transportation and storage of 


explosives 


$13,093 50 


Sale of old material .... 




1,357 87 


Sale of wagon and harness . 




120 00 


Sale of badges 




979 00 


Damage to hose 




8 40 


Damage to fire alarm posts and boxes 




932 58 


Sale of coal and oil .... 




24 96 


Damage to apparatus .... 




111 30 


Sale of manure 




47 25 


Sale of Ediphone 




100 00 


Coal penalty . . . 




. 61 17 




$16,836 03 


Wire Division: 




Permits 


55,753 63 






$72,589 66 



88 



City Document No. 11. 



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89 



Causes of Fires and Alarms from January 1, 1922, 

TO January 1, 1923. 

Alarms, false, needless, bell Grease in ventilator . 61 

and still .... 815 

Alarms, out of city 50 

Automatic alarms, false and 

accidental . . 110 

Automobiles . . 281 

Brush, rubbish, etc. . . 1,534 

Careless use lamp, candle, . 65 

Careless use matches and 

set by rats 459 

Careless use pipe, cigar and 

cigarettes .... 468 

Chimneys, soot burning . 253 

Clothes near stove 19 

Defective chimney, stove- 
pipe, boiler 112 

Electric wires, motors 157 

Fireworks and firecrackers . 24 

Gas jet and gas stove . 67 

Gasolene, naphtha, benzine, 12 



Grease in ventilator 

Hot ashes in wooden recep 

tacle . 
Incendiary and supposed 
Lamp upsetting and explo 

sion .... 
Miscellaneous 
Oil stove, careless use and 

explosion . 
Overheated furnace, stove 

boiler 
Set by boys . 
Sparks from chimneys 

stove .... 
Sparks from locomotive en 

gine .... 
Spontaneous combustion 
Thawing water pipes . 
Unknown 

Total 



18 

21 

338 

49 

107 
143 

131 

71 
116 

47 
517 

6,134 





FiBB Extinguished bt 








a 


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January 


92 
69 


41 
25 


100 

82 


29 
24 


50 
40 


59 
39 


28 


February 


23 


March 


102 
97 

111 
76 

82 
68 

77 


56 
88 
59 
44 
35 
20 
32 


95 
90 
92 
45 
61 
46 
59 


112 
176 
117 
49 
66 
24 
26 


35 
33 
32 
27 
24 
19 
21 


195 
191 
105 
40 
41 
27 
29 


29 


April 


37 




46 




27 


July 


36 




23 


September 


24 


October 


117 
109 

89 


55 
65 
44 


80 
92 
98 


72 26 
75 30 
52 [ 33 


69 
107 
76 


37 




39 


December 


47 


Totals 


1,089 


564 


940 


1 
822 370 


978 


396 



90 



City Document No. 11. 



Fires Wheee Losses Exceeded $15,000. 



Date. 


Location and Owner. 


Loss. 


1922. 






Jan. 


14 


90 and 92 Essex street. Acorn Clothing Company et al 


$15,257 




20 

24 




79,779 




1028-1044 Blue Hill avenue, S. Gorfey et al 


21,969 


Jan. 


30 


1090-1104 Commonwealth avenue, M. Straussel etal 


26,575 


Feb. 


1 


6, 7 and 8 Brighton Abbatoir, Lebonan Kosher Wurst Corn- 


45,481 


Feb. 


7 


Brighton Abbatoir, Brighton Dressed Beef Company etal. . . . 


55,497 


Feb. 


9 


62-266 Friend street, Aronson Brothers etal 


36,829 


Feb. 


13 


39 and 41A Washington street, Royal Clothing Company 
et al . 


20,603 


Feb. 


20 

1 2 


77 Washington Street North, Daniels Printing Company 


20,798 


Marcl 


605-611 Washington street, Bowdoin Manufacturing Com- 


56,436 


March 16 ... 


372-378 Boylston street, I. Schneider et al 


20^08 
170,560 


March 25 


Rear of 81 Wareham street, Gordon Supply Company etal . . 


March 30 




26,157 


April 


29 


39-43 Tremont street, Kimball Company, Inc., etal 


76,454 


May 


18 


49-51 Fulton street. Beacon Grocery Company etal 


41,090 


May 


24 


154-160 Washington street. Smith Manufacturing Company 
etal 


24,861 


May 
June 


30 


272 Border street. Acme White Lead Works 


49,559 


4 




17,205 




10 


168 and 170 A street, Blake, Boas & Kelligrew etal 


302,888 


June 


2 


24-30 School street, Kriss Typewriter Company et al 


23,231 




27 


89-95 Chauncy street G S Moloof & Son et al 


24,638 


July 
July 


1 




16,419 


13 


Rear of 100 and 102 Condor street, Boston & Lockport 


50,786 


July 
Aug. 


27 


395 Boylston street H F Miller & Sons et al 


26,160 


3 


18 and 20 Oxford street, Standard Hat and Cap Company etal., 


18,946 


Aug. 


8 


14-24 Federal street and 123 Congress street, Harris Forbes 


24,805 


Aug. 


18 




25,494 


Aug. 


22 


47 Union avenue, Atlantic Ice Cream Cone Company etal 


21,002 


Aug. 


24 


76 and 78 Westland avenue, S. Schlesinger Estate etal 


18,866 


Oct. 


13 


55 and 57 Causeway street and 40 Lancaster street, American 


15,515. 









Fire Department, 

Fire Losses. — Concluded. 



91 





Date. 


Location and Owner. 


Loss. 


Oct. 


26 


27 Scotia street, Edison Electric Illuminating Company 


$15,000 


Nov. 


13 


393-407 Dorchester avenue, Hunt, SpiUer Manufacturing 


27,273 




18 




100,554 


Nov. 


28 


44 and 48 Portland street, Louis Model Company etal 


23,234 


Dec 


4 


680-684 Washington street, C. & J. Hercovitz etal 


15,713 


Dec 


16 


107 and 109 West Brookline street, S Alperin etal 


35,662 


Dec. 


17 


94-98 Washington street, Morse OlE ce Equipment Company 
et al 


19,106 


Dec 


21 




16,596 


Dec. 


28 


19-23 Damrell street, McLean Manufacturing Company etal., 


31,511 


Dec. 


29 


704-724 Washington street, R. B. Brighton Estate etal 


71,36 6 



Statistics. 

Population, January 1, 1923 (estimated) 

Area, square miles 

Number brick, etc.. buildings . 
Number of wooden buildings . 
Fires in brick and stone buildings 
Fires in wooden buildings 

Out of city 

Not in buildings, false and needless 

Total alarms .... 





832,678 




47.81 




33,768 




77,673 


1,660 




1,267 




50 




3,157 





6,134 



Fire Loss for the Year Ending December 31, 1922. 



Building loss insured 
Contents, loss insured 



Buildings, loss not insured 
Contents, loss not insured 



Total loss buildings and contents 
Marine loss . . . . . 



. $31,389 
. 97,885 



$1,183,045 
1,992,276 

$3,175,321 

129,274 
$3,304,595 

$14,337 



92 



City Document No. 11. 



Yearly Loss for the Last Fifteen Years. 



Yea] 


• ending February 


' 1, 1908 


$2,268,074 


u 


li 


li 


1, 1909 


3,610,000 


u 


u 


a 


1, 1910 


1,680,245 


a 


a 


a 


1, 1911 (11 months) . 


3,159,989 


a 


a 


January 


1, 1912 


2,232,267 


(i 


u 


ii 


1, 1913 


2,531,017 


u 


a 


a 


1, 1914 


* 3,138,373 


a 


a 


a 


1, 1915 


3,013,269 


a 


a 


11 


1, 1916 


3,004,600 


u 


u 


u 


1, 1917 


t 2,372,489 


a 


ii 


u 


1, 1918 


1 3,981,227 


a 


li 


a 


1, 1919 


2,822,109 


a 


a 


a 


1, 1920 


2,577,584 


a 


a 


a 


1, 1921 


3,139,566 


u 


a 


a 


1. 1922 


4,010,201 


li 


a 


a 


1. 1923 


3,304,595 



* Does not include marine loss of $1,116,475, steamship " Templemore." 
t Does not include marine loss of $101,312, steamship "City of Naples" ei al. 
X Does not include marine loss of $75,660. 

Note. — January loss, 1911, amounting to $165,001, deducted from previous year and 
included in calendar year January 1, 1911, to January 1, 1912. 



Alarms for the Past Ten Years.* 



Year. 



Bell. 



Still and 
Automatic. 



Totals. 



1922 
1921 
1920 
1919 
1918 
1917 
1916 
1915 
1914 
1913 



2,733 
2,359 
2,029 
2,733 
2,413 
2,252 
2,350 
2,847 
2,945 
2,594 



3,401 

2,888 
2,456 
2,690 
2,649 
2,526 
2,128 
2,590 
2,589 
2, .322 



6,134 

5,247 
4,485 
5,423 
5,062 
4,778 
4,531 
5,437 
5,534 
4,916 



* Each fire is treated as having only one alarm. 



Roll of Merit, Boston Fire Department. 

James F. McMahon, District Chief. 
Edward McDonough, Captain Engine Company 6. 
Thomas J. Muldoon, Captain, Engine Company 16. 
Thomas H. Downey, Captain, Engine Company^ 22. 



Fire Department. 



93 



Michael J. Teehan, Captain, Engine Company 24. 
Joseph P. Hanton, Captain, Engine Company 33. 
Dennis Driscoll, Captain, Engine Company 37. 
Frederick F. Leary, Captain, Ladder Company 3. 
Henry J. Kelley, Lieutenant, Engine Company 32. 
Timothy J. Heffron, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 9. 
Michael J. Dacey, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 20. 
John J. Kennedy, Ladderman, Ladder Company 13. 
Martin A. Kenealy, Captain, retired. 
James E. Downey, Hoseman, retired. 



Members Pensioned from February 1, 1922, to 
February 1, 1923. 



Peter E. Walsh. 

John T. Gillen. 

Robert H. Webber. 

Jacob Hyman. 

James M. Burke. 

James Mahoney (Fire Alarm). 

Eugene G. Allen. 

Thomas J. Lacey. 

Joseph L. Bannon. 

Albert S. Penney. 

Bent E. Benson. 

Michaelangelo Laurano. 

John H. Barutio. 

John T. Conley. 



Patrick J. Darcy. 
William Pease. 
Fitzgerald M. O'Lalor. 
Daniel L. Cadigan. 
William E. Boyd. 
Frank L. Jewett. 
William A. Pickard. 
William E. Riley. 
Bartholomew F. Hayes. 
DeWitt Lane. 
Thomas F. Quigley. 
Daniel J. Kennedy. 
Thomas F. Hedrington. 



Death of Members from February 1, 1922, to 
February 1, 1923. 



John J. Connorton. 
William J. Hennessey. 
Christopher J. Melia. 
Daniel J.Quinn, Headquarters. 
Lawrence H. Donahue. 



William C. Swan. 

Patrick J. Norton. 

John F. Higgins, Bureau of 

Supplies and Repairs. 
Alexander F. Smith. 



Death of Pensioners from February 1, 1922, to 
February 1, 1923. 



George W. Fuller, Wire Divi- 
sion. 
Frank Tumbull. 
Charles H. Cosgrove. 
William F. Bryan. 
William H. Barker. 
Had win Sawyer. 



John A. Noonan. 
John S. Cleverly. 
Nicholas Albrecht. 
Frank P. Chapman. 
John E. Madison. 
Joseph S. Pine. 



94 



City Document No. 11. 



Qhanges prom February 1, 1922, to February 1, 1923. 

Number of men appointed to fire force .... 17 

Number of men reappointed to fire force ... 2 

All others 26 

Resigned , 8 

Discharged . . . . . . . . - • 5 

Pensioned . .- . 27 

Deaths 9 

Pensioners died . • 12 



Fire Department. 95 



BOSTON FIREMEN'S RELIEF FUND. 



Boston, September 12, 1922. 

To the Members of the Body Corporate of the Boston Firemen's 
Relief Fund, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Dear Sirs, — We hereby certify that we have audited the 
accounts of the Treasurer of the Boston Firemen's Relief 
Fund to the close of business August 31, 1922, and find them 
correct. 

The deposits in the banks and the checks drawn thereon 
have been compared with the accounts received from the 
banks, and have been found to agree therewith, and are all 
properly entered on the books of the treasurer. 

Income from all sources is accounted for. Payments are 
supported by proper vouchers or by paid checks, and the 
balance on hand at close of business August 31, 1922, is correct. 

We examined the securities belonging to the fund, consisting 
of $156,000 City of Boston registered bonds; $8,000 Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy coupon bonds; $54,100 Liberty Loan; 
$7,000 City of San Francisco Hospital; $13,000 City of New 
Bedford bonds, and certificates of stocks received from the 
estates of Anne Sargent and Franklin P. Hyde, also $1,000 war 
savings stamps. 

We have seen a bond issued by the Employees' Liability 
Assurance Corporation, Ltd., of New York, to D. J. Caddigan, 
treasurer, for $25,000. 

A summary of receipts and disbursements for the year ending 
August 31, 1922, is appended hereto. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Amos D. Albee Son & Co., 

Certified Public Accountants. 



96 



City Document No. 11. 



Receipts and Disbursements from September 1, 1921, to 
August 31, 1922. 

Receipts. 
Balance, September 1, 1921 
Amount received from ball fund 
Interest on bonds 
Less accrued interest paid 



Interest on Liberty Loan bonds 
Dividend on stocks 
Interest on deposits . 

Donations 

City of Boston bonds matured 



Dishursemenis. 

Death and sick benefits, gratuities, medical attend- 
ance and medicine 

Salaries 

Treasurer's bond .... $62 50 

Less refund on former bond . . 34 59 





$5,273 36 




24,079 25 


$7,452 50 




89 58 






7,362 92 






2,374 25 




271 40 




157 36 




335 00 




11,000 00 



$50,853 54 



Free bed, Carney Hospital 

Box at International Trust Company vaults 

Auditing, twelve months . 

Expenses, stationery, printing, etc. 

Protectograph purchased . 

Legal services 

Paid Hiram Averill, claim of 1916 . 
Bonds purchased .... 



Balance, Exchange Trust Company . 
Balance, American Trust Company . 
Exchange Trust Company Savings Department 



$24,294 40 


800 00 


27 91 


300 00 


10 00 


180 00 


378 50 


58 80 


75 00 


90 00 


14,662 50 


$40,877 11 


1,933 62 


42 81 


8,000 00 



,853 54 



crry of boston 

PRINTING DEPARTMENT